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Sample records for early percutaneous coronary

  1. Early clinical outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention in bharatpur, Nepal.

    PubMed

    Dubey, Laxman; Bhattacharya, Rabindra; Guruprasad, Sogunuu; Subramanyam, Gangapatnam

    2013-06-01

    Primary percutaneous coronary intervention represents one of the cornerstone management modalities for patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction and has undergone tremendous growth over the past two decades. This study was aimed to determine the early clinical outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary interventions in a tertiary-level teaching hospital without onsite cardiac surgery backup. This was a prospective descriptive study which included all consecutive patients who were admitted for primary percutaneous coronary interventions between March 2011 and January 2013 at the College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Nepal. Total 68 patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary interventions as a mode of revascularization. The primary end point of the study was to identify in-hospital as well as 30-day clinical outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary interventions. The mean age was 56.31 ± 11.47 years, with age range of 32 years to 91 years. Of the 68 primary percutaneous coronary interventions performed, 15 (22.05%) were carried out in women and 10 (14.70%) in patients over 75 years of age. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention for anterior wall myocardial infarction was more common than for non-anterior wall myocardial infarction (55.88% vs. 44.12%). Proximal artery stenting was performed in 38.50% and the non proximal artery stenting in 61.50%. The outcomes were mortality (5.88%), cardiogenic shock (5.88%), contrast-induced nephropathy requiring dialysis (2.94%), arrhythmias requiring treatment (4.41%), early stent thrombosis (2.94%) and minor complications (14.70%). Primary percutaneous coronary intervention improves the early clinical outcomes in patient with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Despite having no onsite cardiac surgery backup, primary percutaneous coronary intervention was feasible with acceptable complications in a tertiary-care teaching hospital.

  2. Narrowing the gap: early and intermediate outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft procedures in California, 1997 to 2006.

    PubMed

    Carey, Joseph S; Danielsen, Beate; Milliken, Jeffrey; Li, Zhongmin; Stabile, Bruce E

    2009-11-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention is increasingly used to treat multivessel coronary artery disease. Coronary artery bypass graft procedures have decreased, and as a result, percutaneous coronary intervention has increased. The overall impact of this treatment shift is uncertain. We examined the in-hospital mortality and complication rates for these procedures in California using a combined risk model. The confidential dataset of the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development patient discharge database was queried for 1997 to 2006. A risk model was developed using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification procedures and diagnostic codes from the combined pool of isolated coronary artery bypass graft and percutaneous coronary intervention procedures performed during 2005 and 2006. In-hospital mortality was corrected for "same-day" transfers to another health care institution. Early failure rate was defined as in-hospital mortality rate plus reintervention for another percutaneous coronary intervention or cardiac surgery procedure within 90 days. Coronary artery bypass graft volume decreased from 28,495 (1997) to 15,520 (2006), whereas percutaneous coronary intervention volume increased from 38,098 to 53,703. Risk-adjusted mortality rate decreased from 4.7% to 2.1% for coronary artery bypass graft procedures and from 3.4% to 1.9% for percutaneous coronary intervention. Expected mortality rate increased for both procedures. Early failure rate decreased from 13.1% to 8.0% for percutaneous coronary intervention and from 6.5% to 5.4% for coronary artery bypass graft. For the years 2004 and 2005, the risk of recurrent myocardial infarction or need for coronary artery bypass graft during the first postoperative year was 12% for percutaneous coronary intervention and 6% for coronary artery bypass grafts. This study shows that as volume shifted from coronary artery bypass grafts to percutaneous coronary intervention, expected

  3. [Clinical significance of early percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with Braunwald III-B type unstable angina pectoris].

    PubMed

    Nozaki, Katsuhiro; Nakao, Koichi; Horiuchi, Kenji; Kasanuki, Hiroshi; Honda, Takashi

    2003-06-01

    To assess the efficacy of early invasive strategy for the treatment of Braunwald III-B type unstable angina pectoris. This study included 573 consecutive patients of whom 267 underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (312 lesions). The patients were divided into two groups, 95 treated with the early invasive strategy of coronary angiography within 24 hr of admission (Group PCI-I) and the remaining 172 treated with the early conservative strategy of coronary angiography 24 hr after admission (Group PCI-C). No significant differences were noted in the baseline characteristics of the two groups except for ST segment elevation on electrocardiography at presentation, which occurred significantly less frequently in Group PCI-C (36.8% vs 8.1%, p < 0.0001). The initial success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention was sufficiently high in both groups (Group PCI-I: 96.9% vs Group PCI-C: 97.7%, NS). Acute myocardial infarction occurred in six patients of Group PCI-C (3.5%) because of the side branch occlusion. There was no in-hospital death or emergent coronary artery bypass grafting. During the 6-month follow-up, there were no significant differences in the death rates (2.1% vs 1.7%), the death or myocardial infarction rates (5.3% vs 5.8%) and the target lesion revascularization ratio (26.0% vs 25.7%) between Group PCI-I and Group PCI-C. The clinical outcomes of the early invasive strategy for unstable angina pectoris were almost equivalent to those of the early conservative strategy, despite more frequent ST segmental elevation at admission in Group PCI-I. These findings suggest that the early invasive strategy for unstable angina pectoris may be acceptable even in the current Japanese clinical setting without the use of GP IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist, low molecular weight heparin or clopidogrel.

  4. Prognostic Value of Transthoracic Doppler Echocardiography Coronary Flow Velocity Reserve in Patients with Nonculprit Stenosis of Intermediate Severity Early after Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Tesic, Milorad; Djordjevic-Dikic, Ana; Giga, Vojislav; Stepanovic, Jelena; Dobric, Milan; Jovanovic, Ivana; Petrovic, Marija; Mehmedbegovic, Zlatko; Milasinovic, Dejan; Dedovic, Vladimir; Zivkovic, Milorad; Juricic, Stefan; Orlic, Dejan; Stojkovic, Sinisa; Vukcevic, Vladan; Stankovic, Goran; Nedeljkovic, Milan; Ostojic, Miodrag; Beleslin, Branko

    2018-04-03

    Treatment of nonculprit coronary stenosis during primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction may be beneficial, but the mode and timing of the intervention are still controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the significance and prognostic value of preserved coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) in patients with nonculprit intermediate stenosis early after primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Two hundred thirty patients with remaining intermediate (50%-70%) stenosis of non-infarct-related arteries, in whom CFVR was performed within 7 days after primary percutaneous coronary intervention, were prospectively enrolled. Twenty patients with reduced CFVR and positive results on stress echocardiography or impaired fractional flow reserve underwent revascularization and were not included in further analysis. The final study population of 210 patients (mean age, 58 ± 10 years; 162 men) was divided into two groups on the basis of CFVR: group 1, CFVR > 2 (n = 174), and group 2, CFVR ≤ 2 (n = 36). Cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and revascularization of the evaluated vessel were considered adverse events. Mean follow-up duration was 47 ± 16 months. Mean CFVR for the whole group was 2.36 ± 0.40. There were six adverse events (3.4%) related to the nonculprit coronary artery in group 1, including one cardiac death, one ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, and four revascularizations. In group 2, there were 30 adverse events (83.3%, P < .001 vs group 1), including two cardiac deaths, two ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions, and 26 revascularizations. In patients with CFVR > 2 of the intermediate nonculprit coronary lesion, deferral of revascularization is safe and associated with excellent long-term clinical outcomes. Copyright © 2018 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Thrombolysis in the age of Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Mini-Review and Meta-analysis of Early PCI

    PubMed Central

    Al Shammeri, O; Garcia, LA

    2013-01-01

    Objective Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is the treatment of choice for ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) if performed within 90 minutes from first medical contact. However, primary PCI is only available for less than 25% of patients with STEMI. Early PCI or Pharmaco-invasive strategy has evolved from facilitated PCI but with more delayed timing from thrombolysis to PCI. Aim Assess the safety and effectiveness of Early PCI. Patients and Method We reviewed the data of the available therapy options for patients with STEMI. Then we performed a meta-analysis for all randomized controlled trials of early PCI versus standard therapy Results Five studies fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Our meta-analysis showed improved cardiovascular events with early PCI compared to standard therapy (odd ratio of 0.54; 95% Confidence interval 0.47-0.7, p<0.001). There were no significant bleeding complications when doing early PCI 4 to 24 hours after successful thrombolysis Conclusion Early PCI should be done to all STEMI patients within 24 hours after successful thrombolysis. PMID:23559909

  6. Thrombolysis in the age of Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Mini-Review and Meta-analysis of Early PCI.

    PubMed

    Al Shammeri, O; Garcia, LA

    2013-01-01

    Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is the treatment of choice for ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) if performed within 90 minutes from first medical contact. However, primary PCI is only available for less than 25% of patients with STEMI. Early PCI or Pharmaco-invasive strategy has evolved from facilitated PCI but with more delayed timing from thrombolysis to PCI. Assess the safety and effectiveness of Early PCI. We reviewed the data of the available therapy options for patients with STEMI. Then we performed a meta-analysis for all randomized controlled trials of early PCI versus standard therapy. Five studies fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Our meta-analysis showed improved cardiovascular events with early PCI compared to standard therapy (odd ratio of 0.54; 95% Confidence interval 0.47-0.7, p<0.001). There were no significant bleeding complications when doing early PCI 4 to 24 hours after successful thrombolysis. Early PCI should be done to all STEMI patients within 24 hours after successful thrombolysis.

  7. Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibition in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: early benefit during medical treatment only, with additional protection during percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Boersma, E; Akkerhuis, K M; Théroux, P; Califf, R M; Topol, E J; Simoons, M L

    1999-11-16

    Glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor blockers prevent life-threatening cardiac complications in patients with acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation and protect against thrombotic complications associated with percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). The question arises as to whether these 2 beneficial effects are independent and additive. We analyzed data from the CAPTURE, PURSUIT, and PRISM-PLUS randomized trials, which studied the effects of the GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban, respectively, in acute coronary syndrome patients without persistent ST-segment elevation, with a period of study drug infusion before a possible PCI. During the period of pharmacological treatment, each trial demonstrated a significant reduction in the rate of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction in patients randomized to the GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor compared with placebo. The 3 trials combined showed a 2.5% event rate in this period in the GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor group (N=6125) versus 3.8% in placebo (N=6171), which implies a 34% relative reduction (P<0.001). During study medication, a PCI was performed in 1358 patients assigned GP IIb/IIIa inhibition and 1396 placebo patients. The event rate during the first 48 hours after PCI was also significantly lower in the GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor group (4. 9% versus 8.0%; 41% reduction; P<0.001). No further benefit or rebound effect was observed beyond 48 hours after the PCI. There is conclusive evidence of an early benefit of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors during medical treatment in patients with acute coronary syndromes without persistent ST-segment elevation. In addition, in patients subsequently undergoing PCI, GP IIb/IIIa inhibition protects against myocardial damage associated with the intervention.

  8. Bioresorbable scaffolds for percutaneous coronary interventions

    PubMed Central

    Gogas, Bill D.

    2014-01-01

    Innovations in drug-eluting stents (DES) have substantially reduced rates of in-segment restenosis and early stent thrombosis, improving clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). However a fixed metallic implant in a vessel wall with restored patency and residual disease remains a precipitating factor for sustained local inflammation, in-stent neo-atherosclerosis and impaired vasomotor function increasing the risk for late complications attributed to late or very late stent thrombosis and late target lesion revascularization (TLR) (late catch-up). The quest for optimal coronary stenting continues by further innovations in stent design and by using biocompatible materials other than cobalt chromium, platinum chromium or stainless steel for engineering coronary implants. Bioresorbable scaffolds made of biodegradable polymers or biocorrodible metals with properties of transient vessel scaffolding, local drug-elution and future restoration of vessel anatomy, physiology and local hemodynamics have been recently developed. These devices have been utilized in selected clinical applications so far providing preliminary evidence of safety showing comparable performance with current generation drug-eluting stents (DES). Herein we provide a comprehensive overview of the current status of these technologies, we elaborate on the potential benefits of transient coronary scaffolds over permanent stents in the context of vascular reparation therapy, and we further focus on the evolving challenges these devices have to overcome to compete with current generation DES. Condensed Abstract:: The quest for optimizing percutaneous coronary interventions continues by iterative innovations in device materials beyond cobalt chromium, platinum chromium or stainless steel for engineering coronary implants. Bioresorbable scaffolds made of biodegradable polymers or biocorrodible metals with properties of transient vessel scaffolding; local drug-elution and future

  9. Effects of baseline and early acquired thrombocytopaenia on long-term mortality in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with bivalirudin.

    PubMed

    Ali, Ziad A; Qureshi, Yasir H; Karimi Galougahi, Keyvan; Poludasu, Shyam; Roye, Swathi; Krishnan, Prakash; Zalewski, Adrian; Shah, Zainab Z; Bhatti, Navdeep; Kalapatapu, Kumar; Mehran, Roxana; Dangas, George; Kini, Annapoorna S; Sharma, Samin K

    2016-04-08

    Bivalirudin use as a procedural anticoagulant in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with a lower incidence of thrombocytopaenia compared to other antithrombotic agents. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of baseline thrombocytopaenia and early changes in platelet counts among patients undergoing PCI with exclusive use of bivalirudin. We evaluated 7,505 patients who underwent PCI over a period of eight years. Patients who received unfractionated heparin and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors were specifically excluded. Eight hundred and fifty-eight (11.4%) patients had baseline thrombocytopaenia and 451 (6.0%) developed acquired thrombocytopaenia. After adjustment for potential covariates, moderate to severe acquired thrombocytopaenia was the strongest independent predictor (HR 4.34, 95% CI: 2.13-8.84; p<0.001) of in-hospital net adverse clinical events, which included major adverse cardiac events and major bleeding complications. Age, male gender, baseline platelet count and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion were independent predictors of in-hospital acquired thrombocytopaenia. After a mean follow-up of 2.6±1.7 years, moderate to severe baseline thrombocytopaenia (HR 2.42, 95% CI: 1.79-3.29; p<0.001), moderate to severe acquired thrombocytopaenia (HR 2.37, 95% CI: 1.13-4.97; p=0.02) and severe changes in platelet count (>67 k) were significant predictors of mortality. In patients undergoing PCI with bivalirudin, moderate to severe baseline and acquired thrombocytopaenia along with severe changes in platelet count are associated with higher long-term mortality.

  10. [Brief history of percutaneous coronary intervention].

    PubMed

    Song, Zhi-yuan; Zhang, Zhi-ying; Xu, Ze-sheng

    2010-05-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is that delivering balloon catheter and/or equipment such as a stent to the target coronary artery bypass peripheral artery, at the same time, expanding and opening the stenosis of coronary artery. Through several decades of development, PCI has become a most effective way to rescue patients with coronary heart disease and become one of the biggest advances in the field of heart disease. Because of the development of PCI, more lives have been saved in patients with coronary heart disease. However, PCI does not meet the point of perfection, still has a lot of issues remain to be further resolved. Through a review the development of PCI, we may be able to get some insights to perfect the treatment technique for the patients of coronary heart disease.

  11. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)

    MedlinePlus Videos and Cool Tools

    ... angioplasty (PTCA) is a minimally invasive procedure to open up blocked coronary arteries, allowing blood to circulate ... within the coronary artery to keep the vessel open. Once the compression has been performed, contrast media ...

  12. Very early great saphenous vein graft aneurysm treated by percutaneous coronary intervention under ChromaFlo imaging guidance.

    PubMed

    Yamaguchi, Tetsuo; Miyamoto, Takamichi; Kawahatsu, Kandoh; Nozato, Toshihiro

    2017-07-19

    A 73-year-old man, who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) 10 days prior, presented with a great saphenous vein graft aneurysm (SVGA). CT revealed the increasing size of the aneurysm. Since the SVGA occurred immediately after CABG and there were no other complications, the aneurysm was treated percutaneously. While intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography failed to detect the entry point, an IVUS catheter with the addition of ChromaFlo imaging clearly revealed the entry point, size and length of the SVGA. To prevent migration and edge restenosis associated with covered stents, the covered stent (3.0×19 mm) was superimposed on a drug-eluting stent (3.0×28 mm) that covered the entry site. A follow-up study demonstrated the absence of flow into the aneurysm. © BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  13. Percutaneous coronary angioscopy and stents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heuser, Richard R.

    1994-05-01

    With the expanding array of therapies available for coronary intervention, the invasive cardiologist has many choices for treating a specific lesion in an individual patient. Certain types of lesions might respond more effectively with stents, particularly the rigid Palmax- Schatz device. Thrombus and dissection immediately following stent placement are associated with early occlusion, and the interventionist must be able to assess their presence pre- and post-stenting. Angiography is deficient in quantifying minimal disease and in defining lesion architecture and composition, as well as the plaque rupture and thrombosis associated with unstable angina. It is also imprecise in detecting dissection and thrombus. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) provides high-resolution images that delineate irregularities and other structures inside the lumen and within the vessel wall and surrounding tissues. Like angiography, IVUS has limited specificity for thrombus differentiation. Angioscopy is superior to angiography and IVUS in detecting thrombus and dissection. Angioscopy allows the clinician to assess the appearance of stent struts after deployment and at follow-up. This may aid in reducing acute complications as well as restenosis. Follow-up angioscopy of stents to detect thrombus or exposed struts may guide therapy in a patient who has clinical symptoms of restenosis.

  14. Platelet counts on admission affect coronary flow, myocardial perfusion and left ventricular systolic function after primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Sharif, Dawod; Abu-Salem, Mira; Sharif-Rasslan, Amal; Rosenschein, Uri

    2017-10-01

    Patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and increased platelet count treated by fibrinolysis have worse outcomes. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that platelet blood count at admission in patients with acute STEMI treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention affects coronary flow, myocardial perfusion and recovery of left ventricular systolic function. A total of 174 patients presenting with acute anterior STEMI and treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included and divided into subgroups of admission platelet blood count of <200 K, 200-300 K, 300-400 K and >400 K. Evaluation of coronary artery flow and myocardial blush grade was performed according to the TIMI criteria. Electrocardiographic ST elevation resolution post-primary percutaneous coronary intervention was evaluated. Doppler echocardiographic evaluation of left anterior descending coronary artery velocities early and late after primary percutaneous coronary intervention and assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction and wall motion score index (WMSI) of left ventricular and left anterior descending coronary artery territory were performed. Post-primary percutaneous coronary intervention TIMI, myocardial blush grade and ST elevation resolution were similar in all groups. Patients with platelet counts <200 K had higher peak diastolic left anterior descending coronary artery velocity both early and late after primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and higher prevalence of left anterior descending coronary artery velocity deceleration time exceeding 600 ms, (45.5% vs. 40%, P<0.05). Patients with platelet counts >400 K presented with worse left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular WMSI and left anterior descending coronary artery WMSI, and before discharge this subgroup had worse left ventricular WMSI and left anterior descending coronary artery WMSI, P<0.01. Patients with anterior STEMI treated by primary

  15. Early and late effects of coumarin therapy started before percutaneous coronary intervention: Clinical, angiographic and cost-effective outcome of the Balloon Angioplasty and Anticoagulation Study (BAAS).

    PubMed

    Ten Berg, J M; Kelder, J C; Suttorp, M J; Mast, E G; Bal, E T; Ernst, J M P G; Plokker, H W M

    2002-05-01

    treatment were estimated at € 235 per patient after one year. Coumarin pretreatment reduces early and late events in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention at the expense of a small increase in nonfatal bleeding complications. Furthermore, an optimal level of anticoagulation is associated with a significantly better outcome as compared with a suboptimal level of anticoagulation. In addition, coumarin treatment reduces costs.

  16. Intravascular Ultrasound to Guide Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

    PubMed Central

    2006-01-01

    Executive Summary Objective The objective of this health technology policy assessment was to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) as an adjunctive imaging tool to coronary angiography for guiding percutaneous coronary interventions. Background Intravascular Ultrasound Intravascular ultrasound is a procedure that uses high frequency sound waves to acquire 3-dimensional images from the lumen of a blood vessel. The equipment for performing IVUS consists of a percutaneous transducer catheter and a console for reconstructing images. IVUS has been used to study the structure of the arterial wall and nature of atherosclerotic plaques, and obtain measurements of the vessel lumen. Its role in guiding stent placement is also being investigated. IVUS is presently not an insured health service in Ontario. Clinical Need Coronary artery disease accounts for approximately 55% of cardiovascular deaths, the leading cause of death in Canada. In Ontario, the annual mortality rate due to ischemic heart disease was 141.8 per 100,000 population between 1995 and 1997. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a less invasive approach to treating coronary artery disease, is used more frequently than coronary bypass surgery in Ontario. The number of percutaneous coronary intervention procedures funded by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care is expected to increase from approximately 17, 780 in 2004/2005 to 22,355 in 2006/2007 (an increase of 26%), with about 95% requiring the placement of one or more stents. Restenosis following percutaneous coronary interventions involving bare metal stents occurs in 15% to 30% of the cases, mainly because of smooth muscle proliferation and migration, and production of extracellular matrix. In-stent restenosis has been linked to suboptimal stent expansion and inadequate lesion coverage, while stent thrombosis has been attributed to incomplete stent-to-vessel wall apposition. Since

  17. Anomalous Coronary Artery From the Opposite Sinus (ACAOS): Technical Challenges During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Santosh Kumar; Razi, Mahmodula; Mahrotra, Anupam; Aggarwal, Puneet; Singh, Anupam; Rekwal, Lokendra; Tripathi, Sunil; Abhishekh, Nishant Kumar; Krishna, Vinay

    2018-04-01

    Anomalies of the coronary arteries are reported in 1-2% of patients among diagnostic angiogram. Ectopic origin of right coronary artery (RCA) from opposite sinus is one of the most common and they are mainly benign, but at times may be malignant. We report a case of a 69-year-old male who underwent early invasive percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) where RCA arising from left sinus at the root of left main artery was culprit and various technical challenges were encountered while intervening in form of cannulation to tracking of hardwares. RCA was cannulated with floating wire technique using hockey stick guide catheter and revascularized by deployment of 3.5 × 38 mm Promus Premier Everolimus eluting stent (Boston Scientific, USA). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first ever report of ectopic RCA being revascularized by using hockey stick catheter.

  18. Early Intravenous Beta-Blockers in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Before Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Roolvink, Vincent; Ibáñez, Borja; Ottervanger, Jan Paul; Pizarro, Gonzalo; van Royen, Niels; Mateos, Alonso; Dambrink, Jan-Henk E; Escalera, Noemi; Lipsic, Erik; Albarran, Agustín; Fernández-Ortiz, Antonio; Fernández-Avilés, Francisco; Goicolea, Javier; Botas, Javier; Remkes, Wouter; Hernandez-Jaras, Victoria; Kedhi, Elvin; Zamorano, José L; Navarro, Felipe; Alfonso, Fernando; García-Lledó, Alberto; Alonso, Joaquin; van Leeuwen, Maarten; Nijveldt, Robin; Postma, Sonja; Kolkman, Evelien; Gosselink, Marcel; de Smet, Bart; Rasoul, Saman; Piek, Jan J; Fuster, Valentin; van 't Hof, Arnoud W J

    2016-06-14

    The impact of intravenous (IV) beta-blockers before primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) on infarct size and clinical outcomes is not well established. This study sought to conduct the first double-blind, placebo-controlled international multicenter study testing the effect of early IV beta-blockers before PPCI in a general ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) population. STEMI patients presenting <12 h from symptom onset in Killip class I to II without atrioventricular block were randomized 1:1 to IV metoprolol (2 × 5-mg bolus) or matched placebo before PPCI. Primary endpoint was myocardial infarct size as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) at 30 days. Secondary endpoints were enzymatic infarct size and incidence of ventricular arrhythmias. Safety endpoints included symptomatic bradycardia, symptomatic hypotension, and cardiogenic shock. A total of 683 patients (mean age 62 ± 12 years; 75% male) were randomized to metoprolol (n = 336) or placebo (n = 346). CMR was performed in 342 patients (54.8%). Infarct size (percent of left ventricle [LV]) by CMR did not differ between the metoprolol (15.3 ± 11.0%) and placebo groups (14.9 ± 11.5%; p = 0.616). Peak and area under the creatine kinase curve did not differ between both groups. LV ejection fraction by CMR was 51.0 ± 10.9% in the metoprolol group and 51.6 ± 10.8% in the placebo group (p = 0.68). The incidence of malignant arrhythmias was 3.6% in the metoprolol group versus 6.9% in placebo (p = 0.050). The incidence of adverse events was not different between groups. In a nonrestricted STEMI population, early intravenous metoprolol before PPCI was not associated with a reduction in infarct size. Metoprolol reduced the incidence of malignant arrhythmias in the acute phase and was not associated with an increase in adverse events. (Early-Beta blocker Administration before reperfusion primary PCI in patients with ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction [EARLY

  19. Enhancing Outcomes for Outpatient Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

    PubMed Central

    Spruce, Kevin; Butler, Chondra

    2017-01-01

    Purpose and Objectives: A quality improvement project was conducted to create a sustainable continuum of care for increased volumes of outpatients receiving percutaneous coronary interventions. Dramatic growth exposed system vulnerabilities and left staff overwhelmed. Four postinterventional project objectives included reducing preprocedural preparation times, reducing bleeding complications, reducing hospital length of stay, and collectively increasing patient satisfaction. Description of the Project: Amidst creating a specialized postintervention coronary recovery area and acquiring and training existing preregistration and recovery nurses, a fragmented system of care was united. The clinical nurse specialist–led project used a systematic and evidence-based implementation process to harmoniously acclimate perioperative staff. An evaluation process further defined new opportunities to support a growing service line. Outcomes: Postimplementation data were collected over a 3-month period. An overall improvement was found in all targeted objectives, despite an upsurge in case volumes. A moderately significant correlation (r [105] = 0.424, P < .001) was found between bleeding occurrences and hospital length of stay. Conclusion: The synergy between interdepartmental collaboration and strategic staffing reallocation was shown to be invaluable to alleviate procedural areas of service, such as the cardiac catheterization laboratory. As a project champion, the clinical nurse specialist is an essential catalyst to identify and creatively surmount system-level challenges. PMID:28991015

  20. Early Discharge After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The Added Value of N‐Terminal Pro–Brain Natriuretic Peptide to the Zwolle Risk Score

    PubMed Central

    Schellings, Dirk A. A. M.; Adiyaman, Ahmet; Giannitsis, Evangelos; Hamm, Christian; Suryapranata, Harry; ten Berg, Jurrien M.; Hoorntje, Jan C. A.; van‘t Hof, Arnoud W. J.

    2014-01-01

    Background The Zwolle Risk Score (ZRS) identifies ST‐elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) eligible for early discharge. We aimed to investigate whether baseline N‐terminal pro–brain natriuretic peptide (NT‐proBNP) is also able to identify these patients and could improve future risk strategies. Methods and Results PPCI patients included in the Ongoing Tirofiban in Myocardial Infarction Evaluation (On‐TIME) II study were candidates (N=861). We analyzed whether ZRS and baseline NT‐proBNP predicted 30‐day mortality and assessed the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and major bleeding. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to assess discriminative accuracy for ZRS, NT‐pro‐BNP, and their combination. After multiple imputation, 845 patients were included. Both ZRS >3 (hazard ratio [HR]=9.42; P<0.001) and log NT‐pro‐BNP (HR=2.61; P<0.001) values were associated with 30‐day mortality. On multivariate analysis, both the ZRS (HR=1.41; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.27 to 1.56; P<0.001) and log NT‐proBNP (HR=2.09; 95% CI=1.59 to 2.74; P<0.001) independently predicted death at 30 days. The area under the curve for 30‐day mortality for combined ZRS/NT‐proBNP was 0.94 (95% CI=0.90 to 0.99), with optimal predictive values of a ZRS ≥2 and a NT‐proBNP value of ≥200 pg/mL. Using these cut‐off values, 64% of the study population could be identified as very low risk with zero mortality at 30 days follow‐up and low occurrence of MACEs and major bleeding between 48 hours and 10 days (1.3% and 0.6%, respectively). Conclusion Baseline NT‐proBNP identifies a large group of low‐risk patients who may be eligible for early (48‐ to 72‐hour) discharge, whereas optimal predictive accuracy is reached by the combination of both baseline NT‐proBNP and ZRS. PMID:25389283

  1. Angioscopy by a new percutaneous transluminal coronary angioscope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakurada, Masami; Mizuno, Kyoichi; Miyamoto, Akira; Arakawa, Koh; Satomura, Kimio; Shibuya, Toshio; Yanagida, Shigeki; Okamoto, Yasuyuki; Kurita, Akira; Nakamura, Haruo; Arai, Tsunenori; Suda, Akira; Kikuchi, Makoto; Utsumi, Atsushi; Takeuchi, Kiyoshi; Akai, Yoshiro

    1990-07-01

    We developed a new percutaneous transluminal coronary angioscopic catheter for visualization of coronary artery.This angioscopic catheter has an inflatable balloon at the distal tip and one - directional angulation mechanism.We performed percutaneous transluminal coronary angioscopy during cardiac catheterization cosecutively in 155 patients. With this angioscope , we could get good'-'fair visualization in 81%(131 of 162 lesions)without major complications.We could investigate the endothelial macropathology of ischemic heart disease such as unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction.

  2. Early Use of N-acetylcysteine With Nitrate Therapy in Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Reduces Myocardial Infarct Size (the NACIAM Trial [N-acetylcysteine in Acute Myocardial Infarction]).

    PubMed

    Pasupathy, Sivabaskari; Tavella, Rosanna; Grover, Suchi; Raman, Betty; Procter, Nathan E K; Du, Yang Timothy; Mahadavan, Gnanadevan; Stafford, Irene; Heresztyn, Tamila; Holmes, Andrew; Zeitz, Christopher; Arstall, Margaret; Selvanayagam, Joseph; Horowitz, John D; Beltrame, John F

    2017-09-05

    Contemporary ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction management involves primary percutaneous coronary intervention, with ongoing studies focusing on infarct size reduction using ancillary therapies. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is an antioxidant with reactive oxygen species scavenging properties that also potentiates the effects of nitroglycerin and thus represents a potentially beneficial ancillary therapy in primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The NACIAM trial (N-acetylcysteine in Acute Myocardial Infarction) examined the effects of NAC on infarct size in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study evaluated the effects of intravenous high-dose NAC (29 g over 2 days) with background low-dose nitroglycerin (7.2 mg over 2 days) on early cardiac magnetic resonance imaging-assessed infarct size. Secondary end points included cardiac magnetic resonance-determined myocardial salvage and creatine kinase kinetics. Of 112 randomized patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, 75 (37 in NAC group, 38 in placebo group) underwent early cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Median duration of ischemia pretreatment was 2.4 hours. With background nitroglycerin infusion administered to all patients, those randomized to NAC exhibited an absolute 5.5% reduction in cardiac magnetic resonance-assessed infarct size relative to placebo (median, 11.0%; [interquartile range 4.1, 16.3] versus 16.5%; [interquartile range 10.7, 24.2]; P =0.02). Myocardial salvage was approximately doubled in the NAC group (60%; interquartile range, 37-79) compared with placebo (27%; interquartile range, 14-42; P <0.01) and median creatine kinase areas under the curve were 22 000 and 38 000 IU·h in the NAC and placebo groups, respectively ( P =0.08). High-dose intravenous NAC administered with low-dose intravenous nitroglycerin is associated with reduced

  3. Percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease: a focus on physiology.

    PubMed

    Cho, Yun-Kyeong; Nam, Chang-Wook

    2018-03-21

    Multi-vessel coronary artery disease (MVD) frequently features ambiguous or intermediate lesions that may be both serial and complex, suggesting that multiple regions require revascularization. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with various challenges such as appropriate identification of lesions that should be treated, the choice of an optimum revascularization method, and limitations of long-term outcomes. Optimal patient selection and careful targeting of lesions are key when planning treatment. Physiology-guided decision-making (based on the fractional flow reserve) can overcome the current limitations of PCI used to treat MVD regardless of clinical presentation or disease subtype, as confirmed in recent clinical trials. Here, we review the use of physiology-guided PCI for patients with MVD, and their early and late outcomes.

  4. Predicting vascular complications in percutaneous coronary interventions.

    PubMed

    Piper, Winthrop D; Malenka, David J; Ryan, Thomas J; Shubrooks, Samuel J; O'Connor, Gerald T; Robb, John F; Farrell, Karen L; Corliss, Mary S; Hearne, Michael J; Kellett, Mirle A; Watkins, Matthew W; Bradley, William A; Hettleman, Bruce D; Silver, Theodore M; McGrath, Paul D; O'Mears, John R; Wennberg, David E

    2003-06-01

    Using a large, current, regional registry of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), we identified risk factors for postprocedure vascular complications and developed a scoring system to estimate individual patient risk. A vascular complication (access-site injury requiring treatment or bleeding requiring transfusion) is a potentially avoidable outcome of PCI. Data were collected on 18,137 consecutive patients undergoing PCI in northern New England from January 1997 to December 1999. Multivariate regression was used to identify characteristics associated with vascular complications and to develop a scoring system to predict risk. The rate of vascular complication was 2.98% (541 cases). Variables associated with increased risk in the multivariate analysis included age >or=70, odds ratio (OR) 2.7, female sex (OR 2.4), body surface area <1.6 m(2) (OR 1.9), history of congestive heart failure (OR 1.4), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR 1.5), renal failure (OR 1.9), lower extremity vascular disease (OR 1.4), bleeding disorder (OR 1.68), emergent priority (OR 2.3), myocardial infarction (OR 1.7), shock (1.86), >or=1 type B2 (OR 1.32) or type C (OR 1.7) lesions, 3-vessel PCI (OR 1.5), use of thienopyridines (OR 1.4) or use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors (OR 1.9). The model performed well in tests for significance, discrimination, and calibration. The scoring system captured 75% of actual vascular complications in its highest quintiles of predicted risk. Predicting the risk of post-PCI vascular complications is feasible. This information may be useful for clinical decision-making and institutional efforts at quality improvement.

  5. Mechanical post-conditioning in STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Boukhris, Marouane; Bousselmi, Radhouane; Tomasello, Salvatore Davide; Elhadj, Zied Ibn; Azzarelli, Salvatore; Marzà, Francesco; Galassi, Alfredo R.

    2014-01-01

    Although early myocardial reperfusion via primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) allows the preservation of left ventricular function and improves outcome, the acute restoration of blood flow may contribute to the pathophysiology of infarction, a complex phenomenon called reperfusion injury. First described in animal models of coronary obstruction, mechanical post-conditioning, a sequence of repetitive interruption of coronary blood flow applied immediately after reopening of the occluded vessel, was able to reduce the infarct size. However, evidence of its real benefit remains controversial. This review describes the mechanisms of post-conditioning action and the different protocols employed focusing on its impact on primary PCI outcome. PMID:26136633

  6. Heart transplant coronary artery disease: Multimodality approach in percutaneous intervention.

    PubMed

    Leite, Luís; Matos, Vítor; Gonçalves, Lino; Silva Marques, João; Jorge, Elisabete; Calisto, João; Antunes, Manuel; Pego, Mariano

    2016-06-01

    Coronary artery disease is the most important cause of late morbidity and mortality after heart transplantation. It is usually an immunologic phenomenon termed cardiac allograft vasculopathy, but can also be the result of donor-transmitted atherosclerosis. Routine surveillance by coronary angiography should be complemented by intracoronary imaging, in order to determine the nature of the coronary lesions, and also by assessment of their functional significance to guide the decision whether to perform percutaneous coronary intervention. We report a case of coronary angiography at five-year follow-up after transplantation, using optical coherence tomography and fractional flow reserve to assess and optimize treatment of coronary disease in this challenging population. Copyright © 2016 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  7. Magnetic navigation system for percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Qi, Zhiyong; Wu, Bangwei; Luo, Xinping; Zhu, Jun; Shi, Haiming; Jin, Bo

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Magnetic navigation system (MNS) allows calculation of the vessel coordinates in real space within the patient's chest for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, its impact on the procedural parameters and clinical outcomes is still a matter of debate. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, a meta-analysis was performed. Methods and Results: Studies exploring the advantages of MNS were identified in English-language articles by search of Medline, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library Databases (inception to October 2015). A standardized protocol was used to extract details on study design, region origin, demographic data, lesion type, and clinical outcomes. The main outcome measures were contrast consumption, procedural success rate, contrast used for wire crossing, procedure time to cross the lesions, and the fluoroscopy time fluoroscopy time. A total of 12 clinical trials involving 2174 patients were included for analysis (902 patients in the magnetic PCI group and 1272 in the conventional PCI group). Overall, contrast consumption was decreased by 40.45 mL (95% confidence interval [CI] −70.98 to −9.92, P = 0.009) in magnetic PCI group compared with control group. In addition, magnetic PCI was associated with significantly decreasing procedural time by 2.17 minutes (95% CI −3.91 to −0.44, P = 0.01) and the total fluoroscopy time was significantly decreased by 1.43 minutes (95% CI −2.29 to −0.57, P = 0.001) in magnetic PCI group. However, procedural success rate, contrast used for wire crossing, procedure time to cross the lesions, and the fluoroscopy time to cross the lesions demonstrated that no statistically difference was observed between 2 groups. Conclusion: The present meta-analysis indicated an improvement of overall contrast consumption, total procedural time, and fluoroscopy time in magnetic PCI group. However, no significant advantages were observed associated with procedural

  8. Early Ventricular Tachycardia or Fibrillation in Patients With ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and Impact on Mortality and Stent Thrombosis (from the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial).

    PubMed

    Kosmidou, Ioanna; Embacher, Monica; McAndrew, Thomas; Dizon, José M; Mehran, Roxana; Ben-Yehuda, Ori; Mintz, Gary S; Stone, Gregg W

    2017-11-15

    The prevalence and impact of early ventricular arrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia [VT]/ventricular fibrillation [VF]) occurring before mechanical revascularization for acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention are poorly understood. We sought to investigate the association between early VT/VF and long-term clinical outcomes using data from the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial. Among 3,602 patients with STEMI, 108 patients (3.0%) had early VT/VF. Baseline clinical characteristics were similar in patients with versus without early VT/VF. Patients with early VT/VF had shorter symptom-to-balloon times and lower left ventricular ejection fraction and underwent more frequent thrombectomy compared with patients without early VT/VF. Adjusted 3-year rates of all-cause death (15.7% vs 6.5%; adjusted hazard ratio 2.62, 95% confidence interval 1.48 to 4.61, p <0.001) and stent thrombosis (13.7% vs 5.7%; adjusted hazard ratio 2.74, 95% confidence interval 1.52 to 4.93, p <0.001) were significantly higher in patients with early VT/VF compared with patients without early VT/VF. In conclusion, in the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial, VT/VF occurring before coronary angiography and revascularization in patients with STEMI was strongly associated with increased 3-year rates of death and stent thrombosis. Further investigation into the mechanisms underlying the increased risk of early stent thrombosis in patients with early VT/VF is required. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Reconsidering the Gatekeeper Paradigm for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Stable Coronary Disease Management.

    PubMed

    Schulman-Marcus, Joshua; Weintraub, William S; Boden, William E

    2017-10-15

    Major randomized clinical trials over the last decade support the role of optimal medical therapy for the initial management approach for patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), whereas percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ought to be reserved for patients with persistent symptoms despite optimal medical therapy. Likewise, several studies have continued to demonstrate the superiority of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery over PCI in many patients with extensive multivessel CAD, especially those with diabetes. Nevertheless, the decision-making paradigm for patients with stable CAD often continues to propagate the upfront use of "ad hoc PCI" and disadvantages alternative therapeutic approaches. In our editorial, we discuss how multiple systemic and interpersonal factors continue to favor early revascularization with PCI in stable patients. We discuss whether the interventional cardiologist can be an unbiased "gatekeeper" for the use of PCI or whether other physicians should also be involved with the patient in decision-making. Finally, we offer suggestions that can redefine the gatekeeper role to facilitate an evidence-based approach that embraces shared decision-making. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. To kiss or not to kiss? Impact of final kissing-balloon inflation on early and long-term results of percutaneous coronary intervention for bifurcation lesions.

    PubMed

    Biondi-Zoccai, Giuseppe; Sheiban, Imad; De Servi, Stefano; Tamburino, Corrado; Sangiorgi, Giuseppe; Romagnoli, Enrico

    2014-11-01

    Final kissing-balloon inflation is often recommended for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of bifurcation lesions. However, randomized trials focusing on kissing inflation have not confirmed its beneficial impact. We compared outcomes of kissing inflation for PCI of bifurcation lesions, explicitly stratifying results according to stenting strategy. Patients undergoing bifurcation PCI were retrospectively enrolled. Subjects receiving final kissing inflation were compared with those not undergoing kissing inflation, after stratification for a single-stent technique. The primary end point was the long-term rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE, i.e., death, myocardial infarction, or target lesion revascularization (TLR)). A total of 4314 patients were included: 1176 (27.3 %) treated with a single stent and kissing inflation, 1637 (37.9 %) with a single stent but no kissing, 1072 (24.8 %) with two stents and kissing, and 429 (9.9 %) with two stents but no kissing. At unadjusted analyses kissing was associated with fewer short-term MACE and deaths in the two-stent group, and with fewer long-term MACE, cardiac deaths, and side-branch TLR in the two-stent group (all P < 0.05). Conversely, kissing appeared detrimental after single stenting. However, after multivariable analyses, kissing no longer significantly affected the risk of adverse events, with the exception of the risk of side-branch TLR, which was lower in those receiving two stents and final kissing inflation (hazard ratio = 0.52, 95 % confidence interval 0.30–0.90, P = 0.020). Kissing inflation can be avoided in bifurcation lesions uneventfully treated with single-stent PCI. However, final kissing-balloon inflation appears beneficial in reducing the risk of side-branch repeat revascularization after using a two-stent strategy.

  11. Current status of percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total occlusion

    PubMed Central

    Ge, Jun-bo

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the current status of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for totally occluded coronary arteries. Chronic total occlusion is associated with 10%–20% of all PCI procedures. Results show that opening an occluded vessel, especially one supplying a considerable area of myocardium, may be beneficial for a patient’s angina relief and heart function. We describe the devices used currently in re-canalization such as new wires, microcatheters (including Tonus and Cosair) and intravascular ultrasound guidance. Different techniques to improve the success rate and reduce complications are discussed in detail. PMID:22843178

  12. Early and late benefits of prasugrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: a TRITON-TIMI 38 (TRial to Assess Improvement in Therapeutic Outcomes by Optimizing Platelet InhibitioN with Prasugrel-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) analysis.

    PubMed

    Antman, Elliott M; Wiviott, Stephen D; Murphy, Sabina A; Voitk, Juri; Hasin, Yonathan; Widimsky, Petr; Chandna, Harish; Macias, William; McCabe, Carolyn H; Braunwald, Eugene

    2008-05-27

    We evaluated the relative contributions of the loading and maintenance doses of prasugrel on events in a TRITON-TIMI 38 (TRial to Assess Improvement in Therapeutic Outcomes by Optimizing Platelet InhibitioN with Prasugrel-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) analysis. Prasugrel is superior to clopidogrel in preventing ischemic events in patients with an acute coronary syndrome who are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, but it is associated with an increased risk of major bleeding. Landmark analyses for efficacy, safety, and net clinical benefit were performed from randomization to day 3 and from day 3 to the end of the trial. Significant reductions in ischemic events, including myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and urgent target vessel revascularization, were observed with the use of prasugrel both during the first 3 days and from 3 days to the end of the trial. Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction major non-coronary artery bypass graft bleeding was similar to clopidogrel during the first 3 days but was significantly greater with the use of prasugrel from 3 days to the end of the study. Net clinical benefit significantly favored prasugrel both early and late in the trial. Both the loading dose and maintenance dose of prasugrel were superior to clopidogrel for the reduction of ischemic events. This result emphasizes the importance of maintaining high levels of inhibition of platelet aggregation via P2Y(12) receptor inhibition, not only for the prevention of periprocedural ischemic events but also during long-term follow-up. The excess major bleeding observed with the use of prasugrel occurred predominantly during the maintenance phase. Approaches to reduce the relative excess of bleeding with prasugrel should focus on the maintenance dose (e.g., reduction in maintenance dose in previously reported high-risk subgroups, such as the elderly and those patients with low body weight). (A Comparison of CS-747 and Clopidogrel in Acute Coronary Syndrome

  13. Double Guiding Catheters for Complex Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Chou, Shing-Hsien; Lin, Chia-Pin; Lin, Yen-Chen; Kuo, Chi-Tai; Lin, Ming-Shyan; Chang, Chi-Jen

    2012-01-01

    A large-lumen guiding catheter is often used for complex percutaneous coronary intervention—particularly when a final kissing-balloon or 2-stent technique is required. However, catheter insertion is sometimes restricted by diseased vascular access sites or a tortuous vascular route. We report 2 cases in which a unique double guiding catheter technique was used to create a lumen of sufficient size for complex percutaneous coronary intervention. In each patient, two 6F guiding catheters were used concurrently to engage the ostium of 1 target vessel. In 1 patient, these catheters were used for the delivery of 2 balloons to complete kissing-balloon dilation after single-stent placement. In the other patient, the catheters were used to deliver 2 stents sequentially to their respective target lesions. The stents were then deployed simultaneously as kissing stents, followed by high-pressure kissing-balloon postdilation. PMID:22412243

  14. Rescue percutaneous coronary recanalization of right coronary artery by retrograde approach

    PubMed Central

    Kameczura, Tomasz; Surowiec, Sławomir; Dudek, Dariusz; Czarnecka, Danuta

    2013-01-01

    We describe the case of a 62-year-old female patient in whom there was an occlusion of collaterals and acute inferior wall ischemia during the opening procedure of right coronary artery (RCA) chronic total occlusion. Rescue percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of RCA by the retrograde approach was performed preventing heart muscle damage. In this article we discuss the issue of PCI by the retrograde technique. PMID:24570712

  15. Predictors of adherence to treatment by patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Kähkönen, Outi; Saaranen, Terhi; Kankkunen, Päivi; Lamidi, Marja-Leena; Kyngäs, Helvi; Miettinen, Heikki

    2018-03-01

    To identify the predictors of adherence in patients with coronary heart disease after a percutaneous coronary intervention. Adherence is a key factor in preventing the progression of coronary heart disease. An analytical multihospital survey study. A survey of 416 postpercutaneous coronary intervention patients was conducted in 2013, using the Adherence of People with Chronic Disease Instrument. The instrument consists of 37 items measuring adherence and 18 items comprising sociodemographic, health behavioural and disease-specific factors. Adherence consisted of two mean sum variables: adherence to medication and a healthy lifestyle. Based on earlier studies, nine mean sum variables known to explain adherence were responsibility, cooperation, support from next of kin, sense of normality, motivation, results of care, support from nurses and physicians, and fear of complications. Frequencies and percentages were used to describe the data, cross-tabulation to find statistically significant background variables and multivariate logistic regression to confirm standardised predictors of adherence. Patients reported good adherence. However, there was inconsistency between adherence to a healthy lifestyle and health behaviours. Gender, close personal relationship, length of education, physical activity, vegetable and alcohol consumption, LDL cholesterol and duration of coronary heart disease without previous percutaneous coronary intervention were predictors of adherence. The predictive factors known to explain adherence to treatment were male gender, close personal relationship, longer education, lower LDL cholesterol and longer duration of coronary heart disease without previous percutaneous coronary intervention. Because a healthy lifestyle predicted factors known to explain adherence, these issues should be emphasised particularly for female patients not in a close personal relationship, with low education and a shorter coronary heart disease duration with previous

  16. Contemporary outcomes in women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndromes.

    PubMed

    Al-Fiadh, Ali H; Andrianopoulos, Nick; Farouque, Omar; Yan, Bryan P; Duffy, Stephen J; Charter, Kerrie; Tongyoo, Surat; New, Gishel; Yip, Thomas; Brennan, Angela; Proimos, George; Reid, Christopher M; Ajani, Andrew E; Clark, David J

    2011-09-01

    Uncertainty remains as to whether females benefit as much as males from percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the setting of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We compared 802 women with 2151 men presenting with ACS, undergoing PCI from April 2004 to October 2006 from the Melbourne Interventional Group registry. Clinical characteristics, in-hospital, 30-day and 1-year outcomes were compared. Women were older (69.6 ± 11.6 vs. 62.17 ± 12.3 years, p<0.001), and had more diabetes (27.1% vs. 19.6%, p<0.001) and hypertension (70.3% vs. 53.9%, p<0.001) than men. Women were less likely to present with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (30.5% vs. 37.9%, p<0.001). Bleeding (3.6% vs. 0.8%, p<0.001) was higher among women. Thirty-day mortality (4.7 vs. 2.4%, p<0.001) and MACE (10.1 vs. 6.4%, p<0.001) were higher in women. Gender was an independent predictor of overall MACE at 30 days (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.04-2.02, p=0.03) but not death. At 12 months, there were no significant differences in mortality (6.4% vs. 4.8%, p=0.09), myocardial infarction (5.5% vs. 5.0%, p=0.64), target vessel revascularization (7.9% vs. 7.0%, p=0.42) and MACE (16.3% vs. 14%, p=0.13) between women and men. There is an early hazard amongst women undergoing PCI for ACS, but not at 12 months. These data suggest that gender should not affect the decision to offer PCI but further gender specific studies are warranted. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Coronary artery bypass grafting in octogenarians: only when percutaneous coronary intervention is not feasible?

    PubMed

    Nicolini, Francesco

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to review recent literature reporting the results of coronary revascularization by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients older than 80 years. The review of recent studies on octogenarians demonstrates a surgical CABG advantage in the case of patients with increasing baseline coronary risk, such as severe multivessel disease, chronic total occlusions, and left ventricular dysfunction. PCI seems to be more appropriate for less severe degree and distribution of coronary lesions, and for subgroups of patients with higher surgical risk, such as acute coronary syndromes, reoperations, malignancy, dementia, poor mobility, frailty, and serious comorbidities contraindicating extracorporeal circulation. It is not the case that CABG is indicated only when there are contraindications to PCI. CABG confers more benefit than PCI in patients with increasing baseline cardiac risk, in the absence of serious systemic diseases that can reasonably reduce their life expectancy.CABG and PCI, with proper selection, should be considered complementary rather than competitive procedures in the therapy of octogenarians affected by coronary artery disease.

  18. Short-term and long-term prognostic outcomes of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction complicated by profound cardiogenic shock undergoing early extracorporeal membrane oxygenator-assisted primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Chung, Sheng-Ying; Tong, Meng-Shen; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye; Lee, Fan-Yen; Sung, Pei-Hsun; Chen, Chien-Jen; Yang, Cheng-Hsu; Wu, Chiung-Jen; Yip, Hon-Kan

    2016-11-15

    This study investigated the 30-day and long-term prognostic outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) complicated with profound cardiogenic shock (CS) undergoing early routine extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO)-assisted primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Between December 2005 and December 2014, 65 consecutive STEMI patients with profound CS underwent routine ECMO-supported primary PCI. The incidences of acute pulmonary edema, respiratory failure with requirement of mechanical ventilatory support upon presentation, and 30-day mortality rate were 100%, 95.4%, and 43.1%, respectively. The duration of hospitalization, mean long-term follow-up, and survival rate were 32.1±53.1 (days), 733.6±986.7 (days), and 32.3%, respectively. The mean APACHE score (32.6±8.3 vs. 28.5±7.5), peak serum creatinine level (4.3±2.4 vs. 1.7±1.2mg/dL), incidences of failed ECMO weaning (57.1% vs. 0%), successful ECMO weaning but in-hospital death (40.0% vs. 0%) were significantly lower in 30-day survivors than those in non-survivors (all p<0.05), whereas final thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI)-3 flow [53.6% vs. 91.9%] showed an opposite pattern compared to that of APACHE score in the two groups (p<0.02). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that unsuccessful reperfusion, failed ECMO weaning, and peak creatinine level were independent predictors of 30-day mortality (all p<0.01). Early ECMO-supported primary PCI in STEMI patients with profound CS was feasible as a life-saving strategy with acceptable 30-day and long-term prognostic outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Outcomes in African Americans and whites after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Chen, Michael S; Bhatt, Deepak L; Chew, Derek P; Moliterno, David J; Ellis, Stephen G; Topol, Eric J

    2005-09-01

    We aimed to determine whether African Americans and whites have different outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We prospectively selected 8832 patients (707 African Americans) for long-term follow-up after PCI at our institution from 1992 to 2002. The primary outcome studied was death or myocardial infarction at 1 year. Propensity adjustment was performed to account for baseline differences between African Americans and whites. African Americans had higher rates of diabetes and less prior revascularization. Percutaneous coronary interventions in African Americans were more often urgent. Stent use was similar. Procedural success rates were similar, as were periprocedural and 30-day composite rates of death or myocardial infarction. In 1-year unadjusted outcomes, African Americans had a higher rate of death or myocardial infarction (18.0% vs 14.5%; hazard ratio (HR) = 1.25; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04 to 1.50; P = 0.017), but the difference was no longer significant after propensity adjustment (HR = 1.18; 95% CI: 0.98 to 1.43, P = 0.087). African Americans had a higher risk for periprocedural bleeding that persisted after propensity adjustment (adjusted odds ratio = 1.45; 95% CI: 1.14 to 1.84, P = 0.002). After PCI, African Americans have similar short-term rates of death or myocardial infarction when compared with whites but have a nonsignificant trend toward worse long-term outcomes. Our findings, when interpreted in the context of reportedly lower revascularization rates among African Americans, suggest that continued efforts to optimize the appropriate use of coronary revascularization among African Americans are warranted.

  20. Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy after percutaneous coronary intervention in lung cancer patients with concomitant coronary heart disease.

    PubMed

    Li, Xin; Fu, YiLi; Miao, JinBai; Li, Hui; Hu, Bin

    2017-09-01

    In recent years, based on clinical observations, the number of lung cancer patients with concomitant coronary heart disease (CHD) has gradually increased. However, because of the requirement of long-term anticoagulant therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), some of these patients lose the opportunity for surgical treatment, resulting in tumor progression. The objective of this study was to determine the appropriate timing of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy after PCI without increasing perioperative cardiovascular risk. This study retrospectively analyzed clinical data of patients with a combination of NSCLC and CHD who underwent selective pulmonary lobectomy by VATS in the early postoperative PCI period between 2010 and 2015 at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, China. Fourteen patients received VATS lobectomy after PCI. The disease had progressed to T stage in two patients after PCI. No perioperative death occurred. Two patients suffered postoperative atrial fibrillation: one had a pulmonary infection, and the other had acute coronary syndrome. All patients recovered and were discharged. For NSCLC patients with severe CHD, the use of VATS lobectomy in the early postoperative PCI period could not only advance the timing of surgery, but may also control perioperative hemorrhage and CHD event risks within acceptable ranges, which could provide more patients with an opportunity to undergo surgical treatment. © 2017 The Authors. Thoracic Cancer published by China Lung Oncology Group and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  1. Quality of life after percutaneous coronary intervention: part 1.

    PubMed

    Cassar, Stephen; R Baldacchino, Donia

    Quality of life (QOL) is a complex concept comprised of biopsychosocial, spiritual and environmental dimensions. However, the majority of research addresses only its physical function perspectives. This two-part series examines the holistic perspective of QOL of patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Part 1 explains the research process of a cross-sectional descriptive study and its limitations. Data were collected by a mailed WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire in Maltese from a systematic sample of patients who had undergone PCI; the response rate was 64% (n=228; males n=169, females n=59, age 40-89 years). Part 1 also considers limitations, such as its cross-sectional design and retrospective data collection. The hierarchy of human needs theory (Maslow, 1999) guided the study. Part 2 gives the findings on the holistic view of QOL. Having social and family support, as a characteristic of Maltese culture appeared to contribute towards a better QOL.

  2. Iatrogenic deep musculocutaneous radiation injury following percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Monaco, JoAn L; Bowen, Kanika; Tadros, Peter N; Witt, Peter D

    2003-08-01

    Radiation-induced skin injury has been reported for multiple fluoroscopic procedures. Previous studies have indicated that prolonged fluoroscopic exposure during even a single percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may lead to cutaneous radiation injury. We document a novel case of deep muscle damage requiring wide local debridement and muscle flap reconstruction in a 59-year-old man with a large radiation-induced wound to the lower thoracic region following 1 prolonged PCI procedure. The deep muscular iatrogenic injury described in this report may be the source of significant morbidity. Recommendations to reduce radiation-induced damage include careful examination of the skin site before each procedure, minimized fluoroscopy time, utilization of pulse fluoroscopy, employment of radiation filters, and collimator s and rotation of the location of the image intensifier.

  3. Peri-Procedural Platelet Reactivity in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Alexopoulos, Dimitrios; Xenogiannis, Iosif; Vlachakis, Panagiotis; Tantry, Udaya; Gurbel, Paul A

    2018-06-04

    Platelet activation and aggregation play a pivotal role in thrombotic complications occurring during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and peri-PCI anti-platelet therapy represents a standard of care. High platelet reactivity prior to PCI has been correlated with an increased incidence of peri-procedural myonecrosis. Pre-PCI platelet reactivity predicts post-PCI platelet reactivity and has a prognostic impact on subsequent ischaemic and bleeding events, so as the platelet inhibition measured post-PCI. Many anti-platelet treatment strategies, including aspirin, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, P2Y 12 receptor blockers and vorapaxar, are being used in the routine clinical practice to modify platelet reactivity at each stage, e.g. pre-, during and post-PCI. Anti-platelet strategies with a 'stronger and faster' pharmacodynamic effect than clopidogrel have been mostly adopted in patients with acute coronary syndromes. However, several issues regarding the anti-platelet treatment such as benefits/risks of anti-platelet therapy pre-treatment and duration, and definite association between speed and potency of various anti-platelet agents and clinical outcomes remain controversial. We believe that a better understanding of peri-PCI platelet reactivity and its relations to outcomes may lead to the development of more effective and safe treatment strategies. Schattauer GmbH Stuttgart.

  4. Magnetic navigation facilitates percutaneous coronary intervention for complex lesions.

    PubMed

    Sandhu, Gurpreet S; Sanon, Saurabh; Holmes, David R; Gulati, Rajiv; Brilakis, Emmanouil S; Lennon, Ryan J; Rihal, Charanjit S

    2014-10-01

    We sought to determine the utility of a magnetic navigation system (MNS) in treating a variety of coronary artery lesions including those that could not be revascularized with standard percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MNS may add value in the treatment of tortuous arteries and bifurcation lesions; however its widespread adoption has lagged because of cost and a lack of clear advantage over conventional PCI. We performed a retrospective analysis to determine whether MNS improved procedural success for highly complex lesions. One hundred and forty-eight patients underwent treatment with MNS at Mayo Clinic, Rochester. Clinical data, angiographic and procedural characteristics, lesion crossing success and outcomes were reviewed. Overall 133 patients underwent successful revascularization with 87% (143) of 164 lesions crossed using MNS alone. Another six lesions required a combination of MNS and conventional devices resulting in overall success of 91% (149/164). Eighteen complex lesions had previously failed PCI and 12 (67%) were successfully treated with MNS. Success after failed PCI was higher (88%) when a frequent user operated MNS, but occasional users also noted incremental success (30%). Twenty-five chronic total occlusions were included amongst these 164 lesions, with observed antegrade MNS lesion crossing rates of 78% for regular and 14% for occasional users. MNS is a useful adjunct to performance of PCI. This specialized technology has a clear learning curve and can facilitate treatment of highly complex lesions. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Relation between coronary arterial dominance and left ventricular ejection fraction after ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction in patients having percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Veltman, Caroline E; Hoogslag, Georgette E; Kharbanda, Rohit K; de Graaf, Michiel A; van Zwet, Erik W; van der Hoeven, Bas L; Delgado, Victoria; Bax, Jeroen J; Scholte, Arthur J H A

    2014-12-01

    The presence of a left dominant coronary artery system is associated with worse outcome after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) compared with right dominance or a balanced coronary artery system. However, the association between coronary arterial dominance and left ventricular (LV) function at follow-up after STEMI is unclear. The present study aimed at evaluating the relation between coronary arterial dominance and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) shortly after STEMI and at 12-month follow-up. A total of 741 patients with STEMI (mean age 60 ± 11 years and 77% men) were evaluated with 2-dimentional echocardiography within 48 hours of admission (baseline) and at 12-month follow-up after STEMI. Coronary arterial dominance was assessed on the angiographic images obtained during primary percutaneous coronary intervention. A right, left, and balanced dominant coronary artery system was noted in 640 (86%), 58 (8%), and 43 (6%) patients, respectively. At baseline, significant difference in LV function was observed, with slightly lower LVEF in patients with a left dominant coronary artery system (LVEF 45 ± 8% vs 48 ± 9% and 50 ± 9%, for left dominant, right dominant, and balanced coronary artery system respectively, p = 0.03). However, at 12-month follow-up no differences in LV function or volumes were observed among the different coronary arterial dominance groups. In conclusion, patients with a left dominant coronary artery system had lower LVEF early after STEMI. At 12-month follow-up, differences in LVEF were no longer present among the different coronary arterial dominance groups. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Trends in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in Korea.

    PubMed

    Lee, Heeyoung; Lee, Kun Sei; Sim, Sung Bo; Jeong, Hyo Seon; Ahn, Hye Mi; Chee, Hyun Keun

    2016-12-01

    Coronary angioplasty has been replacing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because of the relative advantage in terms of recovery time and noninvasiveness of the procedure. Compared to other Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, Korea has experienced a rapid increase in coronary angioplasty volumes. We analyzed changes in procedure volumes of CABG and of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from three sources: the OECD Health Data, the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) surgery statistics, and the National Health Insurance claims data. We found the ratio of procedure volume of PCI to that of CABG per 100,000 population was 19.12 in 2014, which was more than triple the OECD average of 5.92 for the same year. According to data from NHIS statistics, this ratio was an increase from 11.4 to 19.3 between 2006 and 2013. We found that Korea has a higher ratio of total procedure volumes of PCI with respect to CABG and also a more rapid increase of volumes of PCI than other countries. Prospective studies are required to determine whether this increase in absolute volumes of PCI is a natural response to a real medical need or representative of medical overuse.

  7. Cardiovascular risk factors in Middle Eastern patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: Results from the first Jordanian percutaneous coronary intervention study.

    PubMed

    Hammoudeh, Ayman J; Alhaddad, Imad A; Khader, Yousef; Tabbalat, Ramzi; Al-Mousa, Eyas; Saleh, Akram; Jarrah, Mohamad; Nammas, Assem; Izraiq, Mahmoud

    2017-07-01

    Background and aims: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the Middle East. We sought to study the prevalence and coexistence of 6 cardiovascular risk factors (RFs) among patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and to evaluate the impact of age and gender on the presence of multiple RFs. In this prospective, multicenter study, 2426 consecutive patients were enrolled. Mean age was 59.0 ± 10.1 years and 500 (20.6%) were women. Acute coronary syndrome and stable coronary disease were the indications for PCI in 77.1% and 22.9%, respectively. Hypertension was present in 62.3%, diabetes in 53.8%, hypercholesterolemia in 48.8%, smoking in 43.5%, family history of premature CVD 39.4% and obesity in 28.8%. Only 3.8% did not have any of these RFs. Presence of ⩾3 and ⩾4 RFS was observed in 57.4% and 29.5% of patients, respectively. Presence of ⩾3 RFs was more common in women than men (69.0% vs. 54.5%, p  < 0.0001), and among patients 41-65 years of age than older or younger patients (60.1% vs. 52.0% vs. 48.3%, respectively, p  = 0.017). Conclusions: Cardiovascular RFs are highly prevalent in this PCI Middle Eastern population undergoing PCI. More than half and more than one-fourth of the patients had at least 3 or 4 RFs; respectively. More women than men and more middle aged patients than older or younger patients had significantly higher rates of presence of multiple RFs.

  8. Impact of an Early Decrease in Systolic Blood Pressure on The Risk of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Li, Hualong; Huang, Shuijin; He, Yiting; Liu, Yong; Liu, Yuanhui; Chen, Jiyan; Zhou, Yingling; Tan, Ning; Duan, Chongyang; Chen, Pingyan

    2016-02-01

    The early postprocedural period was thought to be the rush hour of contrast media excretion, causing rapid and prolonged renal hypoperfusion, which was the critical time window for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). 349 consecutive patients were enrolled into the study. The relation between an early postprocedural decrease in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and the risk of CIN was assessed using multivariate logistic regression. A postprocedural decrease in SBP was observed in 63% of patients and CIN developed in 28 (8.0%) patients. The CIN group had a lower postprocedural SBP (114.5±13.5 vs. 123.7±15.6mmHg, P=0.003) and a greater postprocedural decrease in SBP (16.2±19.1 vs. 5.9±18.7mmHg, P=0.005) than the no-CIN group. ROC analysis revealed that the optimum cutoff value for the SBP decrease in detecting CIN was >10mmHg (sensitivity 60.7%, specificity 59.5%, AUC=0.66). Multivariate logistic regression analysis found that a postprocedural decrease in SBP >10mmHg was a significant independent predictor of CIN (OR 2.368, 95%CI: 1.043-5.379, P=0.039), after adjustment for other risk factors. An early moderate postprocedural decrease in SBP may increase the risk of CIN in patients undergoing PCI. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  9. Cardiac rehabilitation after percutaneous coronary intervention: Results from a nationwide survey.

    PubMed

    Olsen, Siv Js; Schirmer, Henrik; Bønaa, Kaare H; Hanssen, Tove A

    2018-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion of Norwegian coronary heart disease patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation programmes after percutaneous coronary intervention, and to determine predictors of cardiac rehabilitation participation. Participants were patients enrolled in the Norwegian Coronary Stent Trial. We assessed cardiac rehabilitation participation in 9013 of these patients who had undergone their first percutaneous coronary intervention during 2008-2011. Of these, 7068 patients (82%) completed a self-administered questionnaire on cardiac rehabilitation participation within three years after their percutaneous coronary intervention. Twenty-eight per cent of the participants reported engaging in cardiac rehabilitation. Participation rate differed among the four regional health authorities in Norway, varying from 20%-31%. Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for an acute coronary syndrome were more likely to participate in cardiac rehabilitation than patients with stable angina (odds ratio 3.2; 95% confidence interval 2.74-3.76). A multivariate statistical model revealed that men had a 28% lower probability ( p<0.001) of participating in cardiac rehabilitation, and the odds of attending cardiac rehabilitation decreased with increasing age ( p<0.001). Contributors to higher odds of cardiac rehabilitation participation were educational level >12 years (odds ratio 1.50; 95% confidence interval 1.32-1.71) and body mass index>25 (odds ratio 1.19; 95% confidence interval 1.05-1.36). Prior coronary artery bypass graft was associated with lower odds of cardiac rehabilitation participation (odds ratio 0.47; 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.70) Conclusion: The estimated cardiac rehabilitation participation rate among patients undergoing first-time percutaneous coronary intervention is low in Norway. The typical participant is young, overweight, well-educated, and had an acute coronary event. These results varied by

  10. Clinical impact and predictors of complete ST segment resolution after primary percutaneous coronary intervention: A subanalysis of the ATLANTIC Trial.

    PubMed

    Fabris, Enrico; van 't Hof, Arnoud; Hamm, Christian W; Lapostolle, Frédéric; Lassen, Jens F; Goodman, Shaun G; Ten Berg, Jurriën M; Bolognese, Leonardo; Cequier, Angel; Chettibi, Mohamed; Hammett, Christopher J; Huber, Kurt; Janzon, Magnus; Merkely, Béla; Storey, Robert F; Zeymer, Uwe; Cantor, Warren J; Tsatsaris, Anne; Kerneis, Mathieu; Diallo, Abdourahmane; Vicaut, Eric; Montalescot, Gilles

    2017-08-01

    In the ATLANTIC (Administration of Ticagrelor in the catheterization laboratory or in the Ambulance for New ST elevation myocardial Infarction to open the Coronary artery) trial the early use of aspirin, anticoagulation, and ticagrelor coupled with very short medical contact-to-balloon times represent good indicators of optimal treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and an ideal setting to explore which factors may influence coronary reperfusion beyond a well-established pre-hospital system. This study sought to evaluate predictors of complete ST-segment resolution after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients enrolled in the ATLANTIC trial. ST-segment analysis was performed on electrocardiograms recorded at the time of inclusion (pre-hospital electrocardiogram), and one hour after percutaneous coronary intervention (post-percutaneous coronary intervention electrocardiogram) by an independent core laboratory. Complete ST-segment resolution was defined as ≥70% ST-segment resolution. Complete ST-segment resolution occurred post-percutaneous coronary intervention in 54.9% ( n=800/1456) of patients and predicted lower 30-day composite major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (odds ratio 0.35, 95% confidence interval 0.19-0.65; p<0.01), definite stent thrombosis (odds ratio 0.18, 95% confidence interval 0.02-0.88; p=0.03), and total mortality (odds ratio 0.43, 95% confidence interval 0.19-0.97; p=0.04). In multivariate analysis, independent negative predictors of complete ST-segment resolution were the time from symptoms to pre-hospital electrocardiogram (odds ratio 0.91, 95% confidence interval 0.85-0.98; p<0.01) and diabetes mellitus (odds ratio 0.6, 95% confidence interval 0.44-0.83; p<0.01); pre-hospital ticagrelor treatment showed a favorable trend for complete ST-segment resolution (odds ratio 1.22, 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.51; p=0.06). This study confirmed that post-percutaneous coronary

  11. Reality of obesity paradox: Results of percutaneous coronary intervention in Middle Eastern patients.

    PubMed

    Jarrah, Mohamad; Hammoudeh, Ayman J; Khader, Yousef; Tabbalat, Ramzi; Al-Mousa, Eyas; Okkeh, Osama; Alhaddad, Imad A; Tawalbeh, Loai Issa; Hweidi, Issa M

    2018-04-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to assess the baseline clinical characteristics, coronary angiographic features, and adverse cardiovascular events during hospitalization and at 1 year of follow-up in obese patients compared with overweight and normal/underweight patients. Methods A prospective, multicenter study of consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention was performed. Results Of 2425 enrolled patients, 699 (28.8%) were obese, 1178 (48.6%) were overweight, and 548 (22.6%) were normal/underweight. Obese patients were more likely to be female and to have a higher prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, or previous percutaneous coronary intervention. Acute coronary syndrome was the indication for percutaneous coronary intervention in 77.0% of obese, 76.4% of overweight, and 77.4% of normal/underweight patients. No significant differences in the prevalence of multi-vessel coronary artery disease or multi-vessel percutaneous coronary intervention were found among the three groups. Additionally, no significant differences were found in stent thrombosis, readmission bleeding rates, or cardiac mortality among the three groups during hospitalization, at 1 month, and at 1 year. Conclusion The major adverse cardiovascular event rate was the same among the three groups throughout the study period. Accordingly, body mass index is considered a weak risk factor for cardiovascular comorbidities in Arab Jordanian patients.

  12. Role of genetic testing in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Moon, Jae Youn; Franchi, Francesco; Rollini, Fabiana; Rivas Rios, Jose R; Kureti, Megha; Cavallari, Larisa H; Angiolillo, Dominick J

    2018-02-01

    Variability in individual response profiles to antiplatelet therapy, in particular clopidogrel, is a well-established phenomenon. Genetic variations of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 enzyme, a key determinant in clopidogrel metabolism, have been associated with clopidogrel response profiles. Moreover, the presence of a CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele is associated with an increased risk of atherothrombotic events among clopidogrel-treated patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), prompting studies evaluating the use of genetic tests to identify patients who may be potential candidates for alternative platelet P2Y 12 receptor inhibiting therapies (prasugrel or ticagrelor). Areas covered: The present manuscript provides an overview of genetic factors associated with response profiles to platelet P2Y 12 receptor inhibitors and their clinical implications, as well as the most recent developments and future considerations on the role of genetic testing in patients undergoing PCI. Expert commentary: The availability of more user-friendly genetic tests has contributed towards the development of many ongoing clinical trials and personalized medicine programs for patients undergoing PCI. Results of pilot investigations have shown promising results, which however need to be confirmed in larger-scale studies to support the routine use of genetic testing as a strategy to personalize antiplatelet therapy and improve clinical outcomes.

  13. Assessing Hospital Performance After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Using Big Data.

    PubMed

    Spertus, Jacob V; T Normand, Sharon-Lise; Wolf, Robert; Cioffi, Matt; Lovett, Ann; Rose, Sherri

    2016-11-01

    Although risk adjustment remains a cornerstone for comparing outcomes across hospitals, optimal strategies continue to evolve in the presence of many confounders. We compared conventional regression-based model to approaches particularly suited to leveraging big data. We assessed hospital all-cause 30-day excess mortality risk among 8952 adults undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention between October 1, 2011, and September 30, 2012, in 24 Massachusetts hospitals using clinical registry data linked with billing data. We compared conventional logistic regression models with augmented inverse probability weighted estimators and targeted maximum likelihood estimators to generate more efficient and unbiased estimates of hospital effects. We also compared a clinically informed and a machine-learning approach to confounder selection, using elastic net penalized regression in the latter case. Hospital excess risk estimates range from -1.4% to 2.0% across methods and confounder sets. Some hospitals were consistently classified as low or as high excess mortality outliers; others changed classification depending on the method and confounder set used. Switching from the clinically selected list of 11 confounders to a full set of 225 confounders increased the estimation uncertainty by an average of 62% across methods as measured by confidence interval length. Agreement among methods ranged from fair, with a κ statistic of 0.39 (SE: 0.16), to perfect, with a κ of 1 (SE: 0.0). Modern causal inference techniques should be more frequently adopted to leverage big data while minimizing bias in hospital performance assessments. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  14. Cangrelor in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Current Status and Perspectives.

    PubMed

    Alexopoulos, Dimitrios; Pappas, Christos; Sfantou, Danai; Lekakis, John

    2018-01-01

    Cangrelor is an intravenously administered P2Y 12 receptor antagonist with very fast, potent, and quickly reversible action. In the CHAMPION PHOENIX trial, cangrelor provided an improved anti-ischemic protection compared with clopidogrel, without increasing the risk of severe bleeding. Cangrelor is currently approved by drug regulating authorities for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without prior treatment with a P2Y 12 receptor antagonist and not receiving a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, while its use is endorsed with a class IIb recommendation by the European Society of Cardiology guidelines. Several subanalyses of CHAMPION PHOENIX trial have tried to elucidate the role of cangrelor in PCI, including its usefulness during a 2-hour landmark analysis, impact on intraprocedural stent thrombosis, and reduction in myocardial infarction (MI) rate. The influence of gender, geographic region, access site, and bivalirudin use on cangrelor's effects has also been reported. In patients with ST elevation MI and in clinical scenarios of disturbed absorption of oral antiplatelet agents or in need of an intravenous agent, cangrelor may surpass oral agents' drawbacks. Transitioning to an oral agent is mandatory following cangrelor infusion discontinuation, although ticagrelor may be administered earlier without any pharmacodynamic interaction. Nevertheless, the clinical role of cangrelor in conjunction with administration of prasugrel or ticagrelor remains unclear. Accruing real-life experience is expected to improve our understanding of cangrelor's role in everyday clinical practice.

  15. Role of Genetic Testing in Patients undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Moon, Jae Youn; Franchi, Francesco; Rollini, Fabiana; Rios, Jose R. Rivas; Kureti, Megha; Cavallari, Larisa H.; Angiolillo, Dominick J.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Variability in individual response profiles to antiplatelet therapy, in particular clopidogrel, is a well-established phenomenon. Genetic variations of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 enzyme, a key determinant in clopidogrel metabolism, have been associated with clopidogrel response profiles. Moreover, the presence of a CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele is associated with an increased risk of atherothrombotic events among clopidogrel-treated patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), prompting studies evaluating the use of genetic tests to identify patients who may be potential candidates for alternative platelet P2Y12 receptor inhibiting therapies (prasugrel or ticagrelor). Areas covered The present manuscript provides an overview of genetic factors associated with response profiles to platelet P2Y12 receptor inhibitors and their clinical implications, as well as the most recent developments and future considerations on the role of genetic testing in patients undergoing PCI. Expert Commentary The availability of more user-friendly genetic tests has contributed towards the development of many ongoing clinical trials and personalized medicine programs for patients undergoing PCI. Results of pilot investigations have shown promising results, which however need to be confirmed in larger-scale studies to support the routine use of genetic testing as a strategy to personalize antiplatelet therapy and improve clinical outcomes. PMID:28689434

  16. Cost-effectiveness of antiplatelet drugs after percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Wisløff, Torbjørn; Atar, Dan

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Aims Clopidogrel has, for long time, been accepted as the standard treatment for patients who have undergone a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The introduction of prasugrel—and more recently, ticagrelor—has introduced a decision-making problem for clinicians and governments worldwide: to use the cheaper clopidogrel or the more effective, and also more expensive prasugrel or ticagrelor. We aim to give helpful contributions to this debate by analysing the cost-effectiveness of clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor compared with each other. Methods and results We modified a previously developed Markov model of cardiac disease progression. In the model, we followed up cohorts of patients who have recently had a PCI until 100 years or death. Possible events are revascularization, bleeding, acute myocardial infarction, and death. Our analysis shows that ticagrelor is cost-effective in 77% of simulations at an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of €7700 compared with clopidogrel. Ticagrelor was also cost-effective against prasugrel at a cost-effectiveness ratio of €7800. Given a Norwegian cost-effectiveness threshold of €70 000, both comparisons appear to be clearly cost-effective in favour of ticagrelor. Conclusion Ticagrelor is cost-effective compared with both clopidogrel and prasugrel for patients who have undergone a PCI. PMID:29474586

  17. Cost-effectiveness of antiplatelet drugs after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Wisløff, Torbjørn; Atar, Dan

    2016-01-01

    Clopidogrel has, for long time, been accepted as the standard treatment for patients who have undergone a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The introduction of prasugrel-and more recently, ticagrelor-has introduced a decision-making problem for clinicians and governments worldwide: to use the cheaper clopidogrel or the more effective, and also more expensive prasugrel or ticagrelor. We aim to give helpful contributions to this debate by analysing the cost-effectiveness of clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor compared with each other. We modified a previously developed Markov model of cardiac disease progression. In the model, we followed up cohorts of patients who have recently had a PCI until 100 years or death. Possible events are revascularization, bleeding, acute myocardial infarction, and death. Our analysis shows that ticagrelor is cost-effective in 77% of simulations at an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of €7700 compared with clopidogrel. Ticagrelor was also cost-effective against prasugrel at a cost-effectiveness ratio of €7800. Given a Norwegian cost-effectiveness threshold of €70 000, both comparisons appear to be clearly cost-effective in favour of ticagrelor. Ticagrelor is cost-effective compared with both clopidogrel and prasugrel for patients who have undergone a PCI.

  18. Percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass grafting: where are we after NOBLE and EXCEL?

    PubMed

    Fortier, Jacqueline H; Shaw, Richard E; Glineur, David; Grau, Juan B

    2017-11-01

    The publication of the NOBLE and EXCEL trials, with seemingly conflicting results, brought into question whether percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is better for low-risk patients with left main coronary artery stenosis (LMCAS). This review appraises the methods and results of NOBLE and EXCEL, contextualizes them within the literature, and determines how they may affect clinical practice. We appraised the trials and describe differences in methodology and results. NOBLE recruited primarily isolated LMCAS, and found that CABG was superior to PCI. EXCEL's population included patients LMCAS in the context of multivessel CAD, and found PCI and CABG were comparable. Both trials enrolled young patients with few comorbidities, and there was more protocol-mandated consistency in the procedural techniques and medical therapy of patients receiving PCI. The generalizability of these trials is limited by the use of young, healthy patients at highly skilled centres that rarely reflect typical clinical practice. If these studies are to maintain relevance, trialists must address the lack of protocolization of surgical interventions and inconsistent medical therapies. Unfortunately, the limitations of NOBLE and EXCEL mean that we are no closer to answering the question of what is the optimal treatment for patients with LMCAS.

  19. Antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy during percutaneous coronary interventions: A review for the interventionalist.

    PubMed

    Basman, Craig; Tariq, Afnan; Parmar, Yuvrajsinh J; Asti, Deepak; Coplan, Neil L; Singh, Varinder P; Reimers, Carl D

    2018-06-19

    Pharmacotherapy for percutaneous coronary interventions is essential to optimize the balance between thrombosis and bleeding. Currently, choices abound for the selection of antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapies during percutaneous intervention (PCI). This review article discusses the mechanisms, pharmacokinetics/dynamics, and clinical data behind the various pharmacotherapies including; aspirin, thienopyridines, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, vorapaxar, heparin, direct thrombin inhibitors, and factor Xa inhibitors. © 2018, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Comparison of frequency of postoperative stroke in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting versus percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Marui, Akira; Kimura, Takeshi; Tanaka, Shiro; Okabayashi, Hitoshi; Komiya, Tatsuhiko; Furukawa, Yutaka; Kita, Toru; Sakata, Ryuzo

    2012-12-15

    The stroke rate after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) compared to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is generally considered high because cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic manipulations are often associated with cerebrovascular complications. However, an increasing number of CABGs performed without cardiopulmonary bypass (OPCAB) may improve those outcomes. Of 6,323 patients with multivessel and/or left main coronary artery disease, 3,877 patients underwent PCI, 1,381 conventional on-pump CABG, and 1,065 OPCAB. Median follow-up was 3.4 years. Stroke types were classified as early (onset of stroke within 24 hours after revascularization), delayed (within 30 days), and late (after 30 days). Propensity score analysis showed that the incidences of early, delayed, and late stroke did not differ between PCI and OPCAB (0.65, 95% confidence interval 0.08 to 5.45, p = 1.00; 0.36, 0.10 to 1.29, p = 0.23; 0.81, 0.52 to 1.27, p = 0.72, respectively). In contrast, incidence of early stroke after on-pump CABG was higher than after OPCAB (7.22, 1.67 to 31.3, p = 0.01), but incidences of delayed and late stroke were not different (1.66, 0.70 to 3.91, p = 0.50; 1.18, 0.83 to 1.69, p = 0.73). In conclusion, occurrence of stroke was not found to differ in patients after PCI versus OPCAB regardless of onset of stroke. Occurrence of early stroke after OPCAB was lower than that after on-pump CABG, yet occurrences of delayed and late strokes were similar for the 3 revascularization strategies. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Successful percutaneous coronary intervention significantly improves coronary sinus blood flow as assessed by transthoracic echocardiography.

    PubMed

    Lyubarova, Radmila; Boden, William E; Fein, Steven A; Schulman-Marcus, Joshua; Torosoff, Mikhail

    2018-06-01

    Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has been used to assess coronary sinus blood flow (CSBF), which reflects total coronary arterial blood flow. Successful angioplasty is expected to improve coronary arterial blood flow. Changes in CSBF after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), as assessed by TTE, have not been systematically evaluated. TTE can be utilized to reflect increased CSBF after a successful, clinically indicated PCI. The study cohort included 31 patients (18 females, 62 ± 11 years old) referred for diagnostic cardiac catheterization for suspected coronary artery disease and possible PCI, when clinically indicated. All performed PCIs were successful, with good angiographic outcome. CSBF per cardiac cycle (mL/beat) was measured using transthoracic two-dimensional and Doppler flow imaging as the product of coronary sinus (CS) area and CS flow time-velocity integral. CSBF per minute (mL/min) was calculated as the product of heart rate and CSBF per cardiac cycle. In each patient, CSBF was assessed prospectively, before and after cardiac catheterization with and without clinically indicated PCI. Within- and between-group differences in CSBF before and after PCI were assessed using repeated measures analysis of variance. Technically adequate CSBF measurements were obtained in 24 patients (77%). In patients who did not undergo PCI, there was no significant change in CSBF (278.1 ± 344.1 versus 342.7 ± 248.5, p = 0.36). By contrast, among patients who underwent PCI, CSBF increased significantly (254.3 ± 194.7 versus 618.3 ± 358.5 mL/min, p < 0.01, p-interaction = 0.03). Other hemodynamic and echocardiographic parameters did not change significantly before and after cardiac catheterization in either treatment group. Transthoracic echocardiographic assessment can be employed to document CSBF changes after angioplasty. Future studies are needed to explore the clinical utility of this noninvasive metric.

  2. Increased bleeding risk during percutaneous coronary interventions by arterial hypertension.

    PubMed

    Ndrepepa, Gjin; Groha, Philipp; Lahmann, Anna L; Lohaus, Raphaela; Cassese, Salvatore; Schulz-Schüpke, Stefanie; Kufner, Sebastian; Mayer, Katharina; Bernlochner, Isabell; Byrne, Robert A; Fusaro, Massimiliano; Laugwitz, Karl-Ludwig; Schunkert, Heribert; Kastrati, Adnan

    2016-08-01

    We aimed to assess the association between arterial hypertension and bleeding in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The impact of arterial hypertension on bleeding risk of patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI is unknown. This study included 14,180 patients who underwent PCI. Bleeding was defined using the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) criteria. Arterial hypertension was defined as treatment with antihypertensive drugs or a systolic blood pressure >140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure value >90 mm Hg documented on at least 2 occasions. The primary outcome was bleeding rate within 30 days of PCI. Overall, 11,066 patients (78.0%) had arterial hypertension. Bleeding events occurred in 1,232 patients with arterial hypertension and 278 patients without arterial hypertension (11.1% vs 8.9%; odds ratio [OR] = 1.28, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-1.46, P < 0.001). Access-site bleeding occurred in 730 patients with arterial hypertension and 175 patients without arterial hypertension (6.6% vs 5.6%: OR = 1.19 [1.01-1.41], P = 0.049). Non-access-site bleeding occurred in 502 patients with and 103 patients without arterial hypertension (4.5% vs 3.3%; OR = 1.39 [1.12-1.72], P = 0.003). After adjustment, arterial hypertension was significantly associated with any bleeding (adjusted OR = 1.41 [1.19-1.67], P < 0.001), access-site bleeding (adjusted OR = 1.36 [1.10-1.68], P = 0.005) and non-access-site bleeding (adjusted OR = 1.42 [1.09-1.83], P = 0.008). A history of arterial hypertension increased the risk of non-access-site bleeding (P = 0.002), whereas systolic blood pressure at the time of PCI increased the risk of access site bleeding (P = 0.018). Arterial hypertension is associated with increased risk of bleeding during PCI procedures. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Effect of supersaturated oxygen delivery on infarct size after percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Stone, Gregg W; Martin, Jack L; de Boer, Menko-Jan; Margheri, Massimo; Bramucci, Ezio; Blankenship, James C; Metzger, D Christopher; Gibbons, Raymond J; Lindsay, Barbara S; Weiner, Bonnie H; Lansky, Alexandra J; Krucoff, Mitchell W; Fahy, Martin; Boscardin, W John

    2009-10-01

    Myocardial salvage is often suboptimal after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Posthoc subgroup analysis from a previous trial (AMIHOT I) suggested that intracoronary delivery of supersaturated oxygen (SSO(2)) may reduce infarct size in patients with large ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated early. A prospective, multicenter trial was performed in which 301 patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention within 6 hours of symptom onset were randomized to a 90-minute intracoronary SSO(2) infusion in the left anterior descending artery infarct territory (n=222) or control (n=79). The primary efficacy measure was infarct size in the intention-to-treat population (powered for superiority), and the primary safety measure was composite major adverse cardiovascular events at 30 days in the intention-to-treat and per-protocol populations (powered for noninferiority), with Bayesian hierarchical modeling used to allow partial pooling of evidence from AMIHOT I. Among 281 randomized patients with tc-99m-sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography data in AMIHOT II, median (interquartile range) infarct size was 26.5% (8.5%, 44%) with control compared with 20% (6%, 37%) after SSO(2). The pooled adjusted infarct size was 25% (7%, 42%) with control compared with 18.5% (3.5%, 34.5%) after SSO(2) (P(Wilcoxon)=0.02; Bayesian posterior probability of superiority, 96.9%). The Bayesian pooled 30-day mean (+/-SE) rates of major adverse cardiovascular events were 5.0+/-1.4% for control and 5.9+/-1.4% for SSO(2) by intention-to-treat, and 5.1+/-1.5% for control and 4.7+/-1.5% for SSO(2) by per-protocol analysis (posterior probability of noninferiority, 99.5% and 99.9%, respectively). Among patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention within 6 hours of symptom onset, infusion of SSO(2) into

  4. ADVANCIS Score Predicts Acute Kidney Injury After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Coronary Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Fan, Pei-Chun; Chen, Tien-Hsing; Lee, Cheng-Chia; Tsai, Tsung-Yu; Chen, Yung-Chang; Chang, Chih-Hsiang

    2018-01-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI), a common and crucial complication of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is associated with increased mortality and adverse outcomes. This study aimed to develop and validate a risk prediction model for incident AKI after PCI for ACS. We included 82,186 patients admitted for ACS and receiving PCI between 1997 and 2011 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database and randomly divided them into a training cohort (n = 57,630) and validation cohort (n = 24,656) for risk model development and validation, respectively. Risk factor analysis revealed that age, diabetes mellitus, ventilator use, prior AKI, number of intervened vessels, chronic kidney disease (CKD), intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) use, cardiogenic shock, female sex, prior stroke, peripheral arterial disease, hypertension, and heart failure were significant risk factors for incident AKI after PCI for ACS. The reduced model, ADVANCIS, comprised 8 clinical parameters (age, diabetes mellitus, ventilator use, prior AKI, number of intervened vessels, CKD, IABP use, cardiogenic shock), with a score scale ranging from 0 to 22, and performed comparably with the full model (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 87.4% vs 87.9%). An ADVANCIS score of ≥6 was associated with higher in-hospital mortality risk. In conclusion, the ADVANCIS score is a novel, simple, robust tool for predicting the risk of incident AKI after PCI for ACS, and it can aid in risk stratification to monitor patient care.

  5. Implications of bleeding in acute coronary syndrome and percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Pham, Phuong-Anh; Pham, Phuong-Thu; Pham, Phuong-Chi; Miller, Jeffrey M; Pham, Phuong-Mai; Pham, Son V

    2011-01-01

    The advent of potent antiplatelet and antithrombotic agents over the past decade has resulted in significant improvement in reducing ischemic events in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the use of antiplatelet and antithrombotic combination therapy, often in the settings of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), has led to an increase in the risk of bleeding. In patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction treated with antithrombotic agents, bleeding has been reported to occur in 0.4%–10% of patients, whereas in patients undergoing PCI, periprocedural bleeding occurs in 2.2%–14% of cases. Until recently, bleeding was considered an intrinsic risk of antithrombotic therapy, and efforts to reduce bleeding have received little attention. There have been increasing data demonstrating that bleeding is associated with adverse outcomes, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and death. Therefore, it is imperative to optimize patient outcomes by adopting pharmacological and nonpharmacological strategies to minimize bleeding while maximizing treatment efficacy. In this paper, we present a review of the bleeding classifications used in large-scale clinical trials in patients with ACS and those undergoing PCI treated with antiplatelets and antithrombotic agents, adverse outcomes, particularly mortality associated with bleeding complications, and suggested predictive risk factors. Potential mechanisms of the association between bleeding and mortality and strategies to reduce bleeding complications are also discussed. PMID:21915172

  6. Total Thrombus-formation Analysis System Predicts Periprocedural Bleeding Events in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Oimatsu, Yu; Kaikita, Koichi; Ishii, Masanobu; Mitsuse, Tatsuro; Ito, Miwa; Arima, Yuichiro; Sueta, Daisuke; Takahashi, Aya; Iwashita, Satomi; Yamamoto, Eiichiro; Kojima, Sunao; Hokimoto, Seiji; Tsujita, Kenichi

    2017-04-24

    Periprocedural bleeding events are common after percutaneous coronary intervention. We evaluated the association of periprocedural bleeding events with thrombogenicity, which was measured quantitatively by the Total Thrombus-formation Analysis System equipped with microchips and thrombogenic surfaces (collagen, platelet chip [PL]; collagen plus tissue factor, atheroma chip [AR]). Between August 2013 and March 2016, 313 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled. They were divided into those with or without periprocedural bleeding events. We determined the bleeding events as composites of major bleeding events defined by the International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis and minor bleeding events (eg, minor hematoma, arteriovenous shunt and pseudoaneurysm). Blood samples obtained at percutaneous coronary intervention were analyzed for thrombus formation area under the curve (PL 24 -AUC 10 for PL chip; AR 10 -AUC 30 for AR chip) by the Total Thrombus-formation Analysis System and P2Y12 reaction unit by the VerifyNow system. Periprocedural bleeding events occurred in 37 patients. PL 24 -AUC 10 levels were significantly lower in patients with such events than those without ( P =0.002). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed association between low PL 24 -AUC 10 levels and periprocedural bleeding events (odds ratio, 2.71 [1.22-5.99]; P =0.01) and association between PL 24 -AUC 10 and periprocedural bleeding events in 176 patients of the femoral approach group (odds ratio, 2.88 [1.11-7.49]; P =0.03). However, PL 24 -AUC 10 levels in 127 patients of the radial approach group were not significantly different in patients with or without periprocedural bleeding events. PL 24 -AUC 10 measured by the Total Thrombus-formation Analysis System is a potentially useful predictor of periprocedural bleeding events in coronary artery disease patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary

  7. Informed Decision Making for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Stable Coronary Disease.

    PubMed

    Rothberg, Michael B; Sivalingam, Senthil K; Kleppel, Reva; Schweiger, Marc; Hu, Bo; Sepucha, Karen R

    2015-07-01

    Patients with stable coronary disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are frequently misinformed about the benefits of PCI. Little is known about the quality of decision making before angiography and possible PCI. To assess the quality of informed decision making and its association with patient decisions. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of recorded conversations between August 1, 2008, and August 31, 2012, among adults with known or suspected stable coronary disease at outpatient cardiology practices. Presence of 7 elements of informed decision making and the decision to undergo angiography and possible PCI. Of 59 conversations conducted by 23 cardiologists, 2 (3%) included all 7 elements of informed decision making; 8 (14%) met a more limited definition of procedure, alternatives, and risks. Specific elements significantly associated with not choosing angiography and possible PCI included discussion of uncertainty (odds ratio [OR], 20.5; 95% CI, 2.3-204.9), patient's role (OR, 5.3; 95% CI, 1.3-21.3), exploration of alternatives (OR, 9.5; 95% CI, 2.5-36.5), and exploration of patient preference (OR, 4.8; 95% CI, 1.2-19.4). Neither the presence of angina nor severity of symptoms was associated with choosing angiography and possible PCI. In a multivariable analysis using the total number of elements as a predictor, better informed patients were less likely to choose angiography and possible PCI (OR per additional element, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.4-7.1; P = .005). In conversations between cardiologists and patients with stable angina, informed decision making is often incomplete. More complete discussions are associated with patients choosing not to undergo angiography and possible PCI.

  8. Contemporary sex differences among patients with acute coronary syndrome treated by emergency percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Wada, Hideki; Ogita, Manabu; Miyauchi, Katsumi; Tsuboi, Shuta; Konishi, Hirokazu; Shitara, Jun; Kunimoto, Mitsuhiro; Sonoda, Taketo; Iso, Takashi; Ebina, Hideki; Aoki, Eriko; Kitamura, Kenichi; Tamura, Hiroshi; Suwa, Satoru; Daida, Hiroyuki

    2017-10-01

    Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in the general population. Recent advances in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and optimal medical treatment have helped to improve the prognosis of patients with ACS. The previous reports indicated that women with ACS have a higher risk of adverse outcomes. However, sex differences in clinical outcomes with contemporary coronary revascularization and medical therapy for ACS have not been elucidated. We analyzed data from 676 consecutive patients with ACS (female, n = 166; male, n = 510) who were treated by emergency PCI between 2011 and 2014 at Juntendo Shizuoka Hospital. The patients were grouped according to sex. We defined major adverse cardiovascular events as a composite of all-cause death and ACS recurrence at 1 year and compared rates of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) between the groups. Women were older (75.4 ± 11.0 vs. 66.2 ± 12.2 years) and had a higher rate of multi-vessel disease, chronic kidney disease, and Killip IV at presentation. The cumulative rate of MACE at 1 year was significantly higher among women than men (17.5 vs. 10.2 %, p = 0.02, log-rank test). However, the association between women and a higher risk of MACE was attenuated after adjusting for age (HR 1.25, 95 % CI 0.77-2.00, p = 0.36) and other variables (HR 0.93, 95 % CI 0.36-2.44, p = 0.88). Adjustment for age and other risk factors attenuated sex differences in mid-term clinical outcomes among patients with ACS after emergency PCI.

  9. Emergency coronary artery bypass surgery in the contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention era.

    PubMed

    Seshadri, Niranjan; Whitlow, Patrick L; Acharya, Naveen; Houghtaling, Penny; Blackstone, Eugene H; Ellis, Stephen G

    2002-10-29

    Since the advent of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), technological advances, adjunctive pharmacotherapy, and increasing operator experience have contributed to lowering the occurrence of major complications. However, emergency coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) for failed PCI is still associated with important morbidity and mortality, even in the era of coronary stenting. We sought to determine the prevalence, indications, predictors, and complications of emergency CABG after PCI in the past decade. We reviewed 18 593 PCIs performed from 1992 through 2000. There was a need for emergency CABG in 113 (0.61%) cases. The major indications were extensive dissection (n=61, 54%), perforation/tamponade (n=23, 20%), and recurrent acute closure (n=23, 20%). Prevalence of emergency CABG decreased from 1.5% of PCIs in 1992 to 0.14% in 2000 (P<0.001). Independent predictors of the need for emergency CABG included the worst ACC/AHA scoring of the intervened lesion (P<0.001) and female sex (P= 0.028), whereas history of prior bypass surgery and use of stents resulted in a decreased need for emergency CABG (P<0.001 for both). In patients undergoing emergency CABG, there were 17 (15%) in-hospital deaths, 14 (12%) perioperative Q-wave myocardial infarctions, and 6 (5%) cerebrovascular accidents. The need for emergency CABG has considerably decreased over time. Risk factors include female sex and a higher ACC/AHA score of the intervened lesion. However, morbidity and mortality of emergency CABG remain high even in the new millennium.

  10. Percutaneous coronary intervention for poor coronary microcirculation reperfusion of patients with stable angina pectoris.

    PubMed

    Li, J S; Zhao, X J; Ma, B X; Wang, Z

    2016-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been extensively applied to repair the forward flow of diseased coronary artery and can achieve significant curative results. However, some patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) develop non-perfusion or poor perfusion of cardiac muscle tissue after PCI, which increases the incidence of cardiovascular events and the death rate. PCI can dredge narrowed or infarct-related artery (IRA) and thus induce full reperfusion of ischemic myocardium. It is found in practice that some cases of AMI still have no perfusion or poor perfusion in myocardial tissue even though coronary angiography suggests opened coronary artery after PCI, which increases the incidence of vascular events and mortality. Therefore, to explore the detailed mechanism of PCI in treating coronary microcirculation of patients with stable angina pectoris, we selected 140 patients with stable angina pectoris for PCI, observing the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) of descending branch and changes of myocardial injury markers and left ventricular systolic function, and made a subgroup analysis based on the correlation between clinical indexes, IMR and other variables of diabetic and non-diabetic patients, PCI-related and non-PCI-related myocardial infarction patients. The results suggest that IMR of anterior descending branch after PCI was higher compared to that before PCI, and the difference was significant (P less than 0.05); creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), myohemoglobin and high sensitive troponin T were all increased after PCI, and the difference was also significant (P less than 0.05); brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level became higher after PCI, with significant difference (P less than 0.05); left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) declined after PCI, and the difference before and after PCI was statistically significant (P less than 0.05). Moreover, subgroup analysis results of the three groups all demonstrated statistically significant

  11. Conservative Management of an Epicardial Collateral Perforation During Retrograde Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Ngo, Christian; Christopoulos, George; Brilakis, Emmanouil S

    2016-01-01

    Coronary artery perforation is a highly feared complication of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and can lead to pericardial effusion, tamponade, and, rarely, emergent cardiac surgery. Perforation of epicardial collaterals during retrograde CTO-PCI may be particularly challenging to treat, as embolization from both sides of the perforation may be required to control the bleeding. However, conservative measures can occasionally be effective. We present a case of epicardial collateral vessel perforation that was managed conservatively with anticoagulation reversal.

  12. Price disparity of percutaneous coronary intervention devices in Japan and the United States in 2006.

    PubMed

    Yasunaga, Hideo; Ide, Hiroo; Imamura, Tomoaki; Ohe, Kazuhiko

    2007-07-01

    The price disparity between Japan and foreign countries for medical devices is a controversial issue. Price differences existed between Japan and USA for various medical devices in early 2005, so in the present study, a more precise and detailed investigation of the latest market prices of medical devices between Japan and USA was conducted in 2006, focusing on coronary stents and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) catheters, for an evaluation of the efficacy of current Japanese policies. Japanese market prices were obtained from 31 university hospitals, and US market prices were obtained from 1 hospital chain and 2 group-purchasing organizations. The price ratio (Japanese market price/US market price) was determined to be 1.2-1.4 for drug-eluting stents (DES), 1.6-2.4 for non-DES, and 4.1-5.1 for PTCA catheters. Results showed that the price disparity was relatively small for DES, but still significant for non-DES and PTCA catheters. Radical measures must be taken to improve the fundamental causes of price disparity and might include reviewing the implementation of the Japanese Pharmaceutical Affairs Law, abolishing the reimbursement price system for medical devices, and establishing centers of clinical excellence.

  13. Clinical outcomes of patients with hypothyroidism undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Ming; Sara, Jaskanwal D.S.; Matsuzawa, Yasushi; Gharib, Hossein; Bell, Malcolm R.; Gulati, Rajiv; Lerman, Lilach O.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Aims The aim of this study was to investigate the association between hypothyroidism and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results Two thousand four hundred and thirty patients who underwent PCI were included. Subjects were divided into two groups: hypothyroidism ( n = 686) defined either as a history of hypothyroidism or thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) ≥5.0 mU/mL, and euthyroidism ( n = 1744) defined as no history of hypothyroidism and/or 0.3 mU/mL ≤ TSH < 5.0 mU/mL. Patients with hypothyroidism were further categorized as untreated ( n = 193), or those taking thyroid replacement therapy (TRT) with adequate replacement (0.3 mU/mL ≤ TSH < 5.0 mU/mL, n = 175) or inadequate replacement (TSH ≥ 5.0 mU/mL, n = 318). Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models. Median follow-up was 3.0 years (interquartile range, 0.5–7.0). After adjustment for covariates, the risk of MACCE and its constituent parts was higher in patients with hypothyroidism compared with those with euthyroidism (MACCE: HR: 1.28, P = 0.0001; myocardial infarction (MI): HR: 1.25, P = 0.037; heart failure: HR: 1.46, P = 0.004; revascularization: HR: 1.26, P = 0.0008; stroke: HR: 1.62, P = 0.04). Compared with untreated patients or those with inadequate replacement, adequately treated hypothyroid patients had a lower risk of MACCE (HR: 0.69, P = 0.005; HR: 0.78, P = 0.045), cardiac death (HR: 0.43, P = 0.008), MI (HR: 0.50, P = 0.0004; HR: 0.60, P = 0.02), and heart failure (HR: 0.50, P = 0.02; HR: 0.52, P = 0.017). Conclusion Hypothyroidism is associated with a higher incidence of MACCE compared with euthyroidism in patients undergoing PCI. Maintaining adequate control on TRT is beneficial in preventing MACCE. PMID:26757789

  14. Clinical outcomes of patients with hypothyroidism undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ming; Sara, Jaskanwal D S; Matsuzawa, Yasushi; Gharib, Hossein; Bell, Malcolm R; Gulati, Rajiv; Lerman, Lilach O; Lerman, Amir

    2016-07-07

    The aim of this study was to investigate the association between hypothyroidism and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Two thousand four hundred and thirty patients who underwent PCI were included. Subjects were divided into two groups: hypothyroidism (n = 686) defined either as a history of hypothyroidism or thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) ≥5.0 mU/mL, and euthyroidism (n = 1744) defined as no history of hypothyroidism and/or 0.3 mU/mL ≤ TSH < 5.0 mU/mL. Patients with hypothyroidism were further categorized as untreated (n = 193), or those taking thyroid replacement therapy (TRT) with adequate replacement (0.3 mU/mL ≤ TSH < 5.0 mU/mL, n = 175) or inadequate replacement (TSH ≥ 5.0 mU/mL, n = 318). Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models. Median follow-up was 3.0 years (interquartile range, 0.5-7.0). After adjustment for covariates, the risk of MACCE and its constituent parts was higher in patients with hypothyroidism compared with those with euthyroidism (MACCE: HR: 1.28, P = 0.0001; myocardial infarction (MI): HR: 1.25, P = 0.037; heart failure: HR: 1.46, P = 0.004; revascularization: HR: 1.26, P = 0.0008; stroke: HR: 1.62, P = 0.04). Compared with untreated patients or those with inadequate replacement, adequately treated hypothyroid patients had a lower risk of MACCE (HR: 0.69, P = 0.005; HR: 0.78, P = 0.045), cardiac death (HR: 0.43, P = 0.008), MI (HR: 0.50, P = 0.0004; HR: 0.60, P = 0.02), and heart failure (HR: 0.50, P = 0.02; HR: 0.52, P = 0.017). Hypothyroidism is associated with a higher incidence of MACCE compared with euthyroidism in patients undergoing PCI. Maintaining adequate control on TRT is beneficial in preventing MACCE. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2016. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  15. Bed rest duration after sheath removal following percutaneous coronary interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Mohammady, Mina; Atoof, Fatemeh; Sari, Ali Akbari; Zolfaghari, Mitra

    2014-06-01

    To explore the effect of bed rest duration after sheath removal following percutaneous coronary interventions on the incidence of vascular complications, back pain and urinary problems. According to the literature, the duration of bed rest after sheath removal following percutaneous coronary interventions ranges from 2-24 hours. Several studies have assessed the effect of duration of bed rest on vascular complications, but a clear final conclusion about the exact duration of bed rest has not been reached. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, CINAHL, IranMedex and IranDoc were searched. No language limitation was applied. RCTs that used two different periods for ambulation were included. Two reviewers separately assessed the quality of each included study and extracted the data. Dichotomous outcomes were recorded as odds ratio with 95% confidence interval. Five studies involving 1115 participants were included in the review. Among them, two studies had three comparison groups. The studies considered a variety of periods as early and late ambulation, ranging from 2-10 hours. Totally, there were no statistically significant differences in the incidence of bleeding, pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula and urinary problems between early and late ambulation. There was a statistically significant reduction in the risk of haematoma formation at four to six hours of bed rest compared with eight hours of bed rest (odds ratio = 0·37, 95% CI: 0·15, 0·91). Back pain was reported in one study evaluating three hours of bed rest with an odds ratio of 0·45 (95% confidence interval: 0·28, 0·71) when compared with 10 hours of bed rest. Early ambulation after percutaneous coronary interventions is safe and feasible; however, the results should be used with caution as the majority of included studies had methodological flaws. The results of this study suggest that patients could be ambulated three to four hours after sheath removal following

  16. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of Left Main Disease: Pre- and Post-EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE Everolimus Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) and NOBLE (Nordic-Baltic-British Left Main Revascularization Study) Era.

    PubMed

    Park, Duk-Woo; Park, Seung-Jung

    2017-06-01

    For nearly half a century, coronary artery bypass grafting has been the standard treatment for patients with obstructive left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. However, there has been considerable evolution in the field of percutaneous coronary intervention, and especially, percutaneous coronary intervention for LMCA disease has been rapidly expanded with adoption of drug-eluting stents. Some, but not all randomized trials, have shown that percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents might be a suitable alternative for selected patients with LMCA disease instead of bypass surgery. However, none of previous trials involving early-generation drug-eluting stents was sufficiently powered and comparative trials using contemporary drug-eluting stents were limited. Recently, primary results of 2 new trials of EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE Everolimus Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) and NOBLE (Nordic-Baltic-British Left Main Revascularization Study) were reported. However, these trials showed conflicting results, which might pose uncertainty on the optimal revascularization strategy for LMCA disease. In this article, with the incorporation of a key review on evolution of LMCA treatment, we summarize the similarity or disparity of the EXCEL and NOBLE trials, focus on how they relate to previous trials in the field, and finally speculate on how the treatment strategy may be changed or recommended for LMCA treatment. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  17. Incidence of Gastrointestinal Bleeding After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Single Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Aziz, Fahad

    2014-02-01

    Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a hemorrhagic complication after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute myocardial infarction. The purpose of the study is to determine predictors of GI bleeding and impact of GI bleeding on the patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. GI bleeding occurred in 6 (7.1%) of 84 patients with STEMI/NSETMI (ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction/Non ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Univariate analysis demonstrates that patients with GI bleeding had a significantly higher previous GI bleeding (16.66% vs. 8.6%, P < 0.001). Higher Killip classification at presentation was associated with higher incidence of GI bleeding (61% vs. 18%, P < 0.01). The use of proton pump inhibitors did not reduce the risk of GI bleeding. The GI bleeding in these patients was associated with higher mortality and morbidity in the post percutaneous coronary intervention period. Although, GI bleeding in patients with MI significantly increases mortality and morbidity, previous GI bleeding and higher Killip class are associated with higher incidence of GI bleeding. High-risk patients for GI bleeding can be identified at presentation.

  18. Clinical relevance of coronary angiography at the time of percutaneous closure of a patent foramen ovale.

    PubMed

    Wahl, Andreas; Praz, Fabien; Seiler, Christian; Windecker, Stephan; Meier, Bernhard

    2007-11-01

    The value of incidental coronary angiography during percutaneous shunt closure to screen for asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. On the occasion of percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO), incidental coronary angiography routinely offered to men >40 and women >50 years, or younger patients with particular risk patterns, was performed in 575 patients (64% men, mean age 55 +/- 10 years, mean 1.5 +/- 1.1 cardiovascular risk factors) without overt history, signs, or symptoms of CAD. CAD was found in 164 patients (29%); 53 (9%) had >or=50% diameter stenoses. Thirty patients (5%) had one-vessel, 13 (2%) two-vessel, and 10 (2%) three-vessel disease. Patients with CAD (n = 164) were older (60 +/- 9 vs. 53 +/- 10 years; P < 0.0001), more frequently male (76% vs. 59%; P = 0.0002), and had a higher body mass index (26.5 +/- 4.0 vs. 25.4 +/- 4.6; P = 0.006) and more cardiovascular risk factors (2.0 +/- 1.1 vs. 1.2 +/- 1.0; P < 0.0001). There were six procedural complications (1%). Two were unequivocally related to coronary angiography: one minor stroke (diplopia), and one iatrogenic dissection of the right coronary ostium requiring stenting. Furthermore, four arteriovenous fistulae at the puncture site requiring elective surgical closure were possibly related to coronary angiography. Forty-five patients (8% of total) underwent percutaneous (n = 43) or surgical (n = 2) revascularization. In selected asymptomatic patients referred for percutaneous PFO closure, incidental coronary angiography discloses a rather high prevalence of clinically unsuspected CAD. These findings are relevant not only for timely revascularization but also for maintenance of long-term antiplatelet therapy beyond the few months recommended after PFO closure. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  19. [Acetylsalicylic acid desensitization in the new era of percutaneous coronary intervention].

    PubMed

    Fuertes Ferre, Georgina; Ferrer Gracia, Maria Cruz; Calvo Cebollero, Isabel

    2015-09-21

    Dual antiplatelet therapy is essential in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation. Hypersensitivity to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) limits treatment options. Desensitization to ASA has classically been studied in patients with respiratory tract disease. Over the last years, many protocols have been described about ASA desensitization in patients with ischemic heart disease, including acute coronary syndrome and the need for coronary stent implantation. It is important to know the efficacy and safety of ASA desensitization in these patients. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Proton-pump inhibitors can decrease gastrointestinal bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Zongdan; Wu, Hailu; Duan, Zhaotao; Wang, Zhibing; Hu, Kewei; Ye, Fei; Zhang, Zhenyu

    2013-12-01

    Current medical therapies for patients who have an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) focus on the coagulation cascade and platelet inhibition. These, coupled with early use of cardiac catheterization and revascularization, have decreased morbidity and mortality rates in patients who have acute ischemic heart disease with risk of bleeding. The study aimed to determine the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The effect of proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment was also analyzed. This case-control study evaluated gastrointestinal bleeding within a year of PCI for stable angina and acute coronary syndromes at Nanjing First Hospital between 2008 and 2011. Cases were identified and outcomes assessed using linkage analysis of data from cardiology and gastroenterology department databases. Analysis of the case and control groups for both risk and protective factors was performed using independent two-sample Student's t-test with Fisher's exact P value and logistic regression. The incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding following PCI was 1.3% (35/2680 patients). The risk factors for gastrointestinal bleeding were advanced age, female gender, smoking, drinking, previous peptic ulcer and previous gastrointestinal bleeding. PPI use after PCI (P=0.000) was accompanied by a lower risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, with only a few cases of gastrointestinal bleeding events reported. The incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding associated with the combination of aspirin and clopidogrel therapy was estimated to be 1.3%. Advanced age, being female, smokers, drinkers, previous peptic ulcer and previous gastrointestinal bleeding were significant independent risk factors. PPI for the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding induced by the combination of aspirin and clopidogrel in patients after PCI was safe and effective. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  1. Marked improvements in outcomes of contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with diabetes mellitus.

    PubMed

    Freeman, Andrew M; Abbott, J Dawn; Jacobs, Alice K; Vlachos, Helen A; Selzer, Faith; Laskey, Warren K; Detre, Katherine M; Williams, David O

    2006-12-01

    We sought to determine if advances in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are associated with better outcomes among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Patients with DM enrolled in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) early PTCA Registry (1985-1986) were compared to those in the subsequent contemporary Dynamic Registry (1999-2002) for in-hospital and one-year cardiovascular outcomes. The study population included 945 adults with DM, 325 from the PTCA Registry and 620 from the Dynamic Registry. Multivariable Cox regression models were built to estimate the risk of clinical events. Dynamic Registry patients were older, had more noncardiac comorbidities, and a lower mean ejection fraction (50.5% vs 57.8%, P < or = 0.001) compared to the PTCA Registry patients. The incidence of in-hospital mortality (1.9% vs 4.3%, P < or = 0.05), myocardial infarction (MI) (1.0% vs 7.4%, P coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (0.8% vs 6.2%, P < or = 0.001) were all significantly lower and independent of the use of stents. One-year adverse events including MI (4.9% vs 11.0%, P < or = 0.001), CABG (6.4% vs 15.0%, P < or = 0.001), and need for repeat revascularization (18.7% vs 33.3%, P < or = 0.001) were all lower in the Dynamic Registry. The relative risk of death at 1 year was significantly less for patients in the Dynamic Registry (RR 0.56, 0.34; 0.92, P = 0.02). Although Dynamic Registry patients with diabetes had more advanced coronary disease, in-hospital and late adverse events were lower. A combination of the use of stents and an increase in adjunctive medical therapy are likely responsible for the observed improvements in outcomes in contemporary PCI.

  2. Comparison of primary coronary percutaneous coronary intervention between Diabetic Men and Women with acute myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Liu, Heng-Liang; Liu, Yang; Hao, Zhen-Xuan; Geng, Guo-Ying; Zhang, Zhi-Fang; Jing, Song-Bin; Ba, Ning; Guo, Wei

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the short-term efficacy and safety of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in female diabetic patients complicated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A total of 169 diabetic patients with AMI who underwent primary PCI were selected and divided into group A (52 females) and group B (117 males). The clinical data, characteristics of coronary artery lesions, lengths of hospital stay, and incidences of complications were then compared between two groups. The average age, history of hyperlipidemia, double branch lesions, triple branch lesions, and left main lesions were significantly higher in group A than in group B (P < 0.05). Smoking history, PCI history, and pre-infarction angina were distinctly lower in group A than in group B (P < 0.05). Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 3 (TIMI3) flow and TIMI myocardial perfusion grade 3 (TMPG3) after PCI were markedly lower in group A than in group B (P < 0.001). Group A had a higher incidence of complications, such as severe arrhythmia, cardiac function Killip III/IV, cardiogenic shock, major, moderate and mild bleed event, as well as a 30-day mortality rate, compared with group B (P < 0.05). In summary, our study demonstrated that female diabetic patients with AMI had lower TIMI3 flow and TMPG3 following PCI than male patients, while there was higher incidence of complications and 30-day mortality rate. Therefore, more attention should be paid to the therapy of diabetic women with acute myocardial infarction as well as the control of risk factors.

  3. Percutaneous coronary intervention strategies and prognosis for graft lesions following coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    LIU, YIN; ZHOU, XIUJUN; JIANG, HUA; GAO, MINGDONG; WANG, LIN; SHI, YUTIAN; GAO, JING

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the prognosis of graft-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and native vessel (NV)-PCI, drug-eluting stents (DESs) and bare-metal stents (BMSs) for the treatment of graft lesions following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and to determine the risk factors for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs). A total of 289 patients who underwent PCI following CABG between August 2005 and March 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. The effects on survival were compared among patients who underwent NV- and graft-PCI, and DES and BMS implantation. Additionally, the risk factors for MACEs following PCI for graft lesions were analyzed. The findings showed that MACE-free and revascularization-free survival rates were significantly higher in the NV-PCI group compared with those in the graft-PCI group. There were 63 cases (29.0%) of MACEs in the DES group and 25 cases (52.1%) in the BMS group. In patients undergoing NV-PCI, the DES group had significantly fewer MACEs and less target vessel revascularization (TVR) than the BMS group. In patients undergoing graft-PCI, the DES group showed a tendency for fewer MACEs and a lower incidence of cardiac mortality, myocardial infarction and TVR compared with the BMS group. Diabetes, an age of >70 years and graft-PCI were independent risk factors for MACEs in patients post-PCI. It is concluded that NV-PCI has superior long-term outcomes compared with graft-PCI, and should therefore be considered as the first-line treatment for graft disease following CABG. Despite this, graft-PCI remains a viable option. DESs are the first choice for graft-PCI due to their safety and efficacy and their association with reduced mortality and MACE rate. Diabetes, older age and graft-PCI are independent risk factors for MACEs in patients post-CABG who are undergoing revascularization. PMID:26136874

  4. Prevalence of unrecognized diabetes, prediabetes and metabolic syndrome in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Balakrishnan, Revathi; Berger, Jeffrey S; Tully, Lisa; Vani, Anish; Shah, Binita; Burdowski, Joseph; Fisher, Edward; Schwartzbard, Arthur; Sedlis, Steven; Weintraub, Howard; Underberg, James A; Danoff, Ann; Slater, James A; Gianos, Eugenia

    2015-09-01

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) and metabolic syndrome are important targets for secondary prevention in cardiovascular disease. However, the prevalence in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention is not well defined. We aimed to analyse the prevalence and characteristics of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with previously unrecognized prediabetes, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Data were collected from 740 patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention between November 2010 and March 2013 at a tertiary referral center. Prevalence of DM and prediabetes was evaluated using Haemoglobin A1c (A1c ≥ 6.5% for DM, A1c 5.7-6.4% for prediabetes). A modified definition was used for metabolic syndrome [three or more of the following criteria: body mass index ≥30 kg/m2; triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dL; high density lipoprotein <40 mg/dL in men and <50 mg/dL in women; systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic ≥ 85 mmHg; and A1c ≥ 5.7% or on therapy]. Mean age was 67 years, median body mass index was 28.2 kg/m(2) and 39% had known DM. Of those without known DM, 8.3% and 58.5% met A1c criteria for DM and for prediabetes at time of percutaneous coronary intervention. Overall, 54.9% met criteria for metabolic syndrome (69.2% of patients with DM and 45.8% of patients without DM). Among patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention, a substantial number were identified with a new DM, prediabetes, and/or metabolic syndrome. Routine screening for an abnormal glucometabolic state at the time of revascularization may be useful for identifying patients who may benefit from additional targeting of modifiable risk factors. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  5. Perceived social support following percutaneous coronary intervention is a crucial factor in patients with coronary heart disease.

    PubMed

    Kähkönen, Outi; Kankkunen, Päivi; Miettinen, Heikki; Lamidi, Marja-Leena; Saaranen, Terhi

    2017-05-01

    To describe perceived social support among patients with coronary heart disease following percutaneous coronary intervention. A low level of social support is considered a risk factor for coronary heart disease in healthy individuals and reduces the likelihood that people diagnosed with coronary heart disease will have a good prognosis. A descriptive cross-sectional study. A survey of 416 patients was conducted in 2013. A self-report instrument, Social Support of People with Coronary Heart Disease, was used. The instrument comprises three dimensions of social support: informational, emotional, functional supports and 16 background variables. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, factor analysis, mean sum variables and multivariate logistic regression. Perceived informational support was primarily high, but respondents' risk factors were not at the target level. The weakest items of informational support were advice on physical activity, continuum of care and rehabilitation. Regarding the items of emotional support, support from other cardiac patients was the weakest. The weakest item of functional support was respondents' sense of the healthcare professionals' care of patients coping with their disease. Background variables associated with perceived social support were gender, marital status, level of formal education, profession, physical activity, duration of coronary heart disease and previous myocardial infarction. Healthcare professionals should pay extra attention to women, single patients, physically inactive patients, those demonstrating a lower level of education, those with a longer duration of CHD, and respondents without previous acute myocardial infarction. Continuum of care and counselling are important to ensure especially among them. This study provides evidence that healthcare professionals should be more aware of the individual needs for social support among patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention

  6. Patients' preferences for coronary bypass grafting or staged percutaneous coronary intervention in multi-vessel coronary artery disease.

    PubMed

    Ohlow, Marc-Alexander; Farah, Ahmed; Kuntze, Thomas; Lauer, Bernward

    2018-04-01

    The decision for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (mCAD) is currently made by a heart-team approach. Patients' preference is less well investigated. All consecutive patients with prior CABG and at least 2 PCI procedures were interviewed whether they would elect bypass surgery or staged PCI in case of a hypothetical scenario in which they had mCAD and CABG or PCI will equally improve symptoms and survival. A total 213 patients were surveyed. About 21 (10%) patients had multiple CABG, and mean number of PCI per patient was 4.0 ± 2.7. Complications during CABG were reported in 19.7% and in 14% after PCI, respectively. About 15% experienced complications after both CABG and PCI, and 51% had no complications at all. Mean symptom-free period was 5.2 (following CABG) vs 1.8 years (following PCI); P<.001. Duration of recovery was significant shorter after PCI (mean 9.2 ± 1.2 vs 136.4 ± 57.9 days; P<.01). Based on their personal experience with both procedures, 15% of the participants elected CABG in the hypothetical scenario and 67% choose staged PCI, 18% were equally happy with either. More participants preferred PCI when age was ≥70, complications following CABG occurred, and when undergoing CABG first. Gender, number of CABG or PCI procedures per patient, and complications following PCI did not affect participants' preference. In our hypothetical scenario, the majority of participants preferred staged PCI over CABG. Preferences were related to age, complications following CABG, and whether CABG was performed first. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Doppler echocardiographic myocardial stunning index predicts recovery of left ventricular systolic function after primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Sharif, Dawod; Matanis, Wisam; Sharif-Rasslan, Amal; Rosenschein, Uri

    2016-10-01

    Myocardial stunning is responsible for partially reversible left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). To test the hypothesis that early coronary blood flow (CBF) to LV systolic function ratios, as an equivalent to LV stunning index (SI), predict recovery of LV systolic function after PPCI in patients with acute STEMI. Twenty-four patients with acute anterior STEMI who had successful PPCI were evaluated and compared to 96 control subjects. Transthoracic echocardiography with measurement of LV ejection fraction (EF), LV, and left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery area wall-motion score index (WMSI) as well as Doppler sampling of LAD blood velocities, early after PPCI and 5 days later, were performed. SI was evaluated as the early ratio of CBF parameters in the LAD to LV systolic function parameters. Early SI-LVEF well predicted late LVEF (r=.51, P<.01) and the change in LVEF (r=.48, P<.017). Early SI-LVMSI predicted well late LVEF (r=.56, P<.006) and the change in LVEF (r=.46, P<.028). Early SI-LADWMSI predicted late LVEF (r=.44, P<.028). Other SI indices measured as other LAD-CBF to LV systolic function parameters were not predictive of late LV systolic function. LV stunning indices measured as early LAD flow to LVEF, LVWMSI, and LADWMSI ratios well predicted late LVEF and the change in LVEF. Thus, greater early coronary artery flow to LV systolic function parameter ratios predict a better improvement in late LV systolic function after PPCI. © 2016, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Percutaneous coronary angioplasty of a left anterior descending artery implanted on a Dacron coronary prosthesis on an aortic conduit.

    PubMed

    Drobinski, G; Thomas, D; Funck, F; Metzger, J P; Canny, M; Grosgogeat, Y

    1986-08-01

    Certain surgical techniques may make it difficult to catheterize the coronary ostia and perform percutaneous coronary angioplasty. We report the case of a 48 year old patient who developed unstable angina four years after a Bentall's procedure with reimplantation of the coronary arteries on a Dacron coronary prosthesis. The anginal pain was related to very severe stenosis of the proximal segment of the left anterior descending artery. The difficulties encountered during the dilatation procedure were due to: (a) the ectopic position of the ostium of the prosthesis on the anterior aortic wall; (b) the forces exerted on the aortic prosthesis wall and on the valvular prosthesis during positioning of the guiding catheter which were poorly tolerated and induced a vagal reaction; (c) the direction taken by the distal tip of the guiding catheter, perpendicular to the wall of the aortic prosthesis; (d) the sinuosity of the arterial trajectory: the left coronary segment of the coronary prosthesis was directed towards the left circumflex artery rather than towards the left anterior descending artery. Coronary angioplasty succeeded after relatively complex technical procedures: special guiding catheter, unusual intra-aortic manoeuvres for positioning the guiding catheter, dilatation catheter change on a 3-metre long guide wire in order to cross the stenotic segment; this was performed with a super low-profiled dilatation catheter. There were no complications and anginal pain disappeared.

  9. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention versus Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy and Left Main Coronary Artery Disease.

    PubMed

    Li, Hsin-Ru; Hsu, Chiao-Po; Sung, Shih-Hsien; Shih, Chun-Che; Lin, Shing-Jong; Chan, Wan-Leong; Wu, Cheng-Hsueh; Lu, Tse-Min

    2017-03-01

    Patients with diabetic nephropathy and unprotected left main (LM) coronary artery disease suffer from high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although surgical revascularization is currently recommended in this special patient population, the optimal revascularization method for this distinct patient group has remained unclear. We collected 99 consecutive patients with unprotected LM disease and diabetic nephropathy, including 46 patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 53 who had coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), with a mean age of 72 ± 10; with 80.8% male. Diabetic nephropathy was defined as overt proteinuria (proteinuria > 500 mg/day) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by the modified Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation of less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m 2 . The baseline characteristics, angiographic results and long-term clinical outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. The baseline characteristic of all patients were similar except for smokers, low density lipoprotein (LDL) level and extension of coronary artery disease involvement. The median follow-up period was 3.8 years. There were 73 patients (74%) considered as high risk with additive European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) ≥ 6. During follow-up period, the long term rate of all-cause death (PCI vs. CABG: 45.7% vs. 58.5%, p = 0.20) and all-cause death/myocardial infarction (MI)/stroke (PCI vs. CABG: 52.2% vs. 60.4%, p = 0.41) were comparable between the PCI and CABG group, whereas the repeat revascularization rate was significantly higher in the PCI group (PCI vs. CABG: 32.6% vs. 9.4%, p < 0.01). eGFR remained an independent predictor for all-cause death [hazard ratio: 0.97, 95% confidence interval: 0.96 to 0.99; p = 0.002] in multivariate logistic regression. In the real-world practice of high-risk patients with unprotected LM disease and diabetic nephropathy, we found that PCI was a comparable alternative

  10. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease among patients undergoing transradial percutaneous coronary interventions.

    PubMed

    Hossain, Mohammad A; Quinlan, Amy; Heck-Kanellidis, Jennifer; Calderon, Dawn; Patel, Tejas; Gandhi, Bhavika; Patel, Shrinil; Hetavi, Mahida; Costanzo, Eric J; Cosentino, James; Patel, Chirag; Dewan, Asa; Kuo, Yen-Hong; Salman, Loay; Vachharajani, Tushar J

    2018-07-01

    While transradial approach to conduct percutaneous coronary interventions offers multiple advantages, the procedure can cause radial artery damage and occlusion. Because radial artery is the preferred site for the creation of an arteriovenous fistula to provide dialysis, patients with chronic kidney disease are particularly dependent on radial artery for their long-term survival. In this retrospective study, we investigated the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in patients undergoing coronary interventions via radial artery. Stage of chronic kidney disease was based on estimated glomerular filtration rate and National Kidney Foundation - Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines. A total of 497 patients undergoing transradial percutaneous coronary interventions were included. Over 70.4% (350/497) of the patients had chronic kidney disease. Stage II chronic kidney disease was observed in 243 (69%) patients (estimated glomerular filtration rate = 76.0 ± 8.4 mL/min). Stage III was observed in 93 (27%) patients (estimated glomerular filtration rate = 49 ± 7.5 mL/min). Stage IV chronic kidney disease was observed in 5 (1%) patients (estimated glomerular filtration rate = 25.6 ± 4.3 mL/min) and Stage V chronic kidney disease was observed in 9 (3%) patients (estimated glomerular filtration rate = 9.3 ± 3.5 mL/min). Overall, 107 of 350 patients (30%) had advanced chronic kidney disease, that is, stage III-V chronic kidney disease. Importantly, 14 of the 107 (13%) patients had either stage IV or V chronic kidney disease. This study finds that nearly one-third of the patients undergoing transradial percutaneous coronary interventions have advanced chronic kidney disease. Because many of these patients may require dialysis, the use of radial artery to conduct percutaneous coronary interventions must be carefully considered in chronic kidney disease population.

  11. Percutaneous left ventricular assist device with TandemHeart for high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention: the Mayo Clinic experience.

    PubMed

    Alli, Oluseun O; Singh, Inder M; Holmes, David R; Pulido, Juan N; Park, Soon J; Rihal, Charanjit S

    2012-11-01

    In patients with poor left ventricular function and severe left main or multivessel coronary disease, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery has been the preferred therapy. However, a number of these patients are either inoperable or poor surgical candidates due to comorbid conditions and previous cardiac surgical procedures. These patients are generally poor candidates for standard percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) techniques. A hybrid PCI approach with hemodynamic support may be a viable strategy for these patients. We report our experience using the TandemHeart percutaneous left ventricular assist device during high-risk PCI. Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of prospectively collected data in 54 patients undergoing high-risk PCI using the TandemHeart device for support. Hemodynamic and clinical data were collected and analyzed. Baseline clinical characteristics were as follows: mean age 72 ± 1.7 years, males 78%, median ejection fraction 20%, mean serum creatinine 1.6 ± 0.3 2 mg/dL, recent myocardial infarction 52%, COPD 33%, previous CABG 50%, diabetes mellitus 41%, and hypertension 83%. The median SYNTAX score was 33, and the median Jeopardy score was 10. The predicted surgical revascularization mortality was 13% by the Society for Thoracic Surgery risk score and 33% by Euroscore. There was a significant decrease in right and left heart pressures (P < 0.05) with a concomitant increase in the cardiac output from 4.7 to 5.7 L/min (P = 0.03) during TandemHeart support. Left main and multivessel PCI was performed in 62% of patients, and rotablation was used in 48%. Procedural success rate was 97%, whereas 30-day and 6 month survival were 90% and 87%, respectively. Major vascular complications occurred in 13% of cases. None of our patients developed contrast induced nephropathy or needed dialysis. High-risk PCI with percutaneous left ventricular support using TandemHeart is a viable therapeutic strategy for a select subset of patients at very

  12. [The effect of admission hyperglycemia on coronary reflow in primary percutaneous coronary intervention].

    PubMed

    Wang, Chang-Hua; Chen, Yun-Dai; Yang, Xin-Chun; Wang, Le-Feng; Wang, Hong-Shi; Sun, Zhi-Jun; Liu, Hong-Bin; Chen, Lian

    2011-04-01

    To assess the association between admission plasma glucose (APG) and no-reflow during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). A total of 1413 patients with STEMI successfully treated with PCI were divided into no-reflow group and normal reflow group. The no-reflow was found in 297 patients (21.0%) of 1413 patients; their APG level was significantly higher than that of the normal reflow group [(13.80 ± 7.47) vs (9.67 ± 5.79) mmol/L, P < 0.0001]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that current smoking (OR 1.146, 95%CI 1.026 - 1.839, P = 0.031), hyperlipidemia (OR 1.082, 95%CI 1.007 - 1.162, P = 0.032), long reperfusion (> 6 h, OR 1.271, 95%CI 1.158 - 1.403, P = 0.001), admission creatinine clearance (< 90 ml/min, OR 1.046, 95%CI 1.007 - 1.086, P = 0.020), IABP use before PCI (OR 9.346, 95%CI 1.314 - 67.199, P = 0.026), and APG (> 13.0 mmol/L, OR 1.269, 95%CI 1.156 - 1.402, P = 0.027) were the independent no-reflow predictors. The no-reflow incidence was increased as APG increased (14.6% in patients with APG < 7.8 mmol/L and 36.7% in patients with APG > 13.0 mmol/L, P = 0.009). APG > 13.0 mmol/L is an independent no-reflow predictor in patients with STEMI and PPCI.

  13. [The value of SYNTAX score in predicting outcome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention].

    PubMed

    Gao, Yue-chun; Yu, Xian-peng; He, Ji-qiang; Chen, Fang

    2012-01-01

    To assess the value of SYNTAX score to predict major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) among patients with three-vessel or left-main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. 190 patients with three-vessel or left-main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with Cypher select drug-eluting stent were enrolled. SYNTAX score and clinical SYNTAX score were retrospectively calculated. Our clinical Endpoint focused on MACCE, a composite of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), stroke and repeat revascularization. The value of SYNTAX score and clinical SYNTAX score to predict MACCE were studied respectively. 29 patients were observed to suffer from MACCE, accounting 18.5% of the overall 190 patients. MACCE rates of low (≤ 20.5), intermediate (21.0 - 31.0), and high (≥ 31.5) tertiles according to SYNTAX score were 9.1%, 16.2% and 30.9% respectively. Both univariate and multivariate analysis showed that SYNTAX score was the independent predictor of MACCE. MACCE rates of low (≤ 19.5), intermediate (19.6 - 29.1), and high (≥ 29.2) tertiles according to clinical SYNTAX score were 14.9%, 9.8% and 30.6% respectively. Both univariate and multivariate analysis showed that clinical SYNTAX score was the independent predictor of MACCE. ROC analysis showed both SYNTAX score (AUC = 0.667, P = 0.004) and clinical SYNTAX score (AUC = 0.636, P = 0.020) had predictive value of MACCE. Clinical SYNTAX score failed to show better predictive ability than the SYNTAX score. Both SYNTAX score and clinical SYNTAX score could be independent risk predictors for MACCE among patients with three-vessel or left-main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Clinical SYNTAX score failed to show better predictive ability than the SYNTAX score in this group of patients.

  14. Clinical and economic effectiveness of percutaneous ventricular assist devices for high-risk patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Shah, Atman P; Retzer, Elizabeth M; Nathan, Sandeep; Paul, Jonathan D; Friant, Janet; Dill, Karin E; Thomas, Joseph L

    2015-03-01

    Comparative effectiveness research (CER) is taking a more prominent role in formalizing hospital treatment protocols and health-care coverage policies by having health-care providers consider the impact of new devices on costs and outcomes. CER balances the need for innovation with fiscal responsibility and evidence-based care. This study compared the clinical and economic impact of percutaneous ventricular assist devices (pVAD) with intraaortic balloon pumps for high-risk patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study conducted a review of all comparative randomized control trials of the pVADS (Impella and TandemHeart) vs IABP for patients undergoing high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A retrospective analysis of the 2010 and 2011 Medicare MEDPAR data files was also performed to compare procedural costs and hospital length of stay (LOS). Readmission rates between the devices were also studied. Based on available trials, there is no significant clinical benefit with pVAD compared to IABP. Use of pVADs is associated with increased length of Intensive Care Unit stay and a total longer LOS. The incremental budget impact for pVADs was $33,957,839 for the United States hospital system (2010-2011). pVADs are not associated with improved clinical outcomes, reduced hospital length of stay, or reduced readmission rates. Management of high-risk PCI and cardiogenic shock patients with IABP is more cost effective than a routine use of pVADS. Use of IABP as initial therapy in high-risk PCI and cardiogenic shock patients may result in savings of up to $2.5 billion annually of incremental costs to the hospital system.

  15. Cardiac Rehabilitation After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a Multiethnic Asian Country: Enrollment and Barriers.

    PubMed

    Poh, Ruth; Ng, Hsuen-Nin; Loo, Germaine; Ooi, Lean-See; Yeo, Tee-Joo; Wong, Raymond; Lee, Chi-Hang

    2015-09-01

    To determine the enrollment or barriers to cardiac rehabilitation (CR) among Asian patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Prospective observational study. Department of cardiology at a university hospital. Patients (N=795) who underwent PCI between January 2012 and December 2013 at a tertiary medical institution. Not applicable. Data on enrollment in phase 2 CR and its barriers were collected by dedicated CR nurses. Of 795 patients, 351 patients (44.2%) were ineligible for CR because of residual coronary stenosis, while 30 patients (3.8%) were not screened because of either early discharge or death. Of the remaining 416 patients (90.8% men; mean age, 55 y), 365 (87.7%) declined CR participation and 51 (12.3%) agreed to participate. Of these 51 patients, 20 (39%) did not proceed to enroll and 4 (8%) dropped out, leaving 27 patients (53%) who completed at least 6 sessions of the CR program. The top 3 reasons provided by patients who declined to participate in CR were (1) busy work schedules (37.5%), (2) no specific reason (26.7%), and (3) preference for self-exercise (20.1%). Nonsmokers were more likely to participate in CR (P=.001). CR participation of Asian patients after PCI was found to be lower than that reported in Western countries. The exclusion criteria used in the institution under study differed from those provided by international associations. A busy work schedule was the most common reason for declining CR after PCI. Copyright © 2015 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. The use of lipid-lowering therapy for secondary prevention in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Jessica M; Jackevicius, Cynthia A; Genus, Uchenwa; Dzavik, Vladimir

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND Recent literature suggests that lipid-lowering therapy may have an early beneficial effect among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) because the therapy decreases cardiac mortality, morbidity and possibly restenosis. OBJECTIVE The primary objective of the present study was to determine the proportion of PCI patients receiving lipid-lowering therapy at a large, tertiary-care referral centre. METHODS Patients undergoing a first PCI between August 2000 and August 2002 with corresponding inpatient medication information were included in the study. Patient demographics, procedural variables, and lipid-lowering and other evidence-based cardiac medication data were collected. A multiple logistical regression model was constructed to evaluate the factors associated with the use of lipid-lowering therapy. RESULTS Of the 3254 cases included in the analyses, 52% were elective, 44% were urgent or salvage, and 4% were emergent. The mean patient age was 63 years, and 73% of patients were male. Over 76% of patients were receiving lipid-lowering therapy at the time of PCI. Patient use of other medications was as follows: acetylsalicylic acid in 96%, beta-blocker in 80% and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor in 59%. In the multiple regression analysis, variables significantly associated with lipid-lowering therapy use included hypercholesterolemia, beta-blocker use, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use, case urgency, prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery, age and sex. CONCLUSION Lipid-lowering therapy use rates exceeded those previously reported in the literature. Women and patients undergoing elective procedures appear to be treated less often with lipid-lowering therapy. There remains an opportunity to further optimize use in this high-risk cohort at time of PCI. PMID:16639478

  17. A call for randomized controlled cost-effectiveness analysis of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

    PubMed

    Holly, N

    1988-01-01

    A rapidly evolving technology, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, is increasingly favored over bypass surgery for treating some types of coronary stenosis because of its less traumatic invasion, better recovery response, and lower initial cost. However, substantially higher failure rates in initial procedures offset PTCA's savings to an unknown extent and cloud analysis of its overall impact. Lack of randomized clinical data precludes valid cost-effectiveness comparison of the technologies at this time. Criteria for establishing valid data and evaluations of currently available data are described in this paper.

  18. Saphenous Vein Graft Perforation During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - A Nightmare to be Avoided.

    PubMed

    Deora, Surender; Shah, Sanjay C; Patel, Tejas M

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) of saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) is challenging and is associated with adverse short- and long-term clinical outcome as compared to native coronary arteries. SVG perforation is rare but catastrophic and needs immediate attention. Various factors predisposing for SVG perforation are old degenerated graft, ulcerated plaque, severe fibrotic, or calcified lesion necessitating high pressure balloon or stent inflation, use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) or other atheroablative devices. Management includes prolonged balloon occlusion, reversal of anticoagulation, use of covered stent, and emergency pericadiocentesis if required.

  19. Continuity of care after percutaneous coronary intervention: The patient's perspective across secondary and primary care settings.

    PubMed

    Valaker, Irene; Norekvål, Tone M; Råholm, Maj-Britt; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Rotevatn, Svein; Fridlund, Bengt

    2017-06-01

    Although patients may experience a quick recovery followed by rapid discharge after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), continuity of care from hospital to home can be particularly challenging. Despite this fact, little is known about the experiences of care across the interface between secondary and primary healthcare systems in patients undergoing PCI. To explore how patients undergoing PCI experience continuity of care between secondary and primary care settings after early discharge. The study used an inductive exploratory design by performing in-depth interviews of 22 patients at 6-8 weeks after PCI. Nine were women and 13 were men; 13 were older than 67 years of age. Eight lived remotely from the PCI centre. Patients were purposively recruited from the Norwegian Registry for Invasive Cardiology. Interviews were analysed by qualitative content analysis. Patients undergoing PCI were satisfied with the technical treatment. However, patients experienced an unplanned patient journey across care boundaries. They were not receiving adequate instruction and information on how to integrate health information. Patients also needed help to facilitate connections to community-based resources and to schedule clear follow-up appointments. As high-technology treatment dramatically expands, healthcare organisations need to be concerned about all dimensions of continuity. Patients are witnessing their own processes of healthcare delivery and therefore their voices should be taken into greater account when discussing continuity of care. Nurse-led initiatives to improve continuity of care involve a range of interventions at different levels of the healthcare system.

  20. Antithrombotic therapy in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation presenting with acute coronary syndromes and/or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention/stenting.

    PubMed

    Wrigley, Benjamin J; Tapp, Luke D; Shantsila, Eduard; Lip, Gregory Yh

    2010-07-01

    The management of antithrombotic therapy in atrial fibrillation patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome and/or undergoing percutaneous coronary inter vention/stenting cannot be done according to a regimented common protocol, and stroke and bleeding risk stratification schema should be employed to individualize treatment options. A delicate balance is needed between the prevention of thromboembolism, against recurrent cardiac ischemia or stent thrombosis, and bleeding risk. New guidance from a consensus document of the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Thrombosis, endorsed by the European Heart Rhythm Association and the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions on the management of Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation Patients Presenting with Acute Coronary Syndrome and/or Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/Stenting has sought to clarify some of the major issues and problems surrounding this practice, and will allow clinicians to make much more informed decisions when faced with treating such patients.

  1. Relationships of Factors Affecting Self-care Compliance in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Shin, Eun Suk; Hwang, Seon Young; Jeong, Myung Ho; Lee, Eun Sook

    2013-12-01

    This study was conducted to identify direct and indirect factors influencing self-care compliance in patients with first acute coronary syndrome through examining the relationship among multidimensional factors. Outpatients who made hospital visits to receive a follow-up care at more than 6 months after percutaneous coronary intervention were recruited at a national university hospital in Korea. Data of 430 participants were collected through self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using AMOS version 7.0. The fitness of the hypothetical model and the degree of significance of direct and indirect paths were analyzed. Three paths were found to have a significant effect on self-care compliance in the modified model. Social support indirectly influenced self-care compliance through enhancing self-efficacy, reducing anxiety and increasing perceived benefit. In addition, social support and body function indirectly influenced self-care compliance through reducing depression which affected self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was the most influential factor and played an important role as a mediating variable. Results of this study suggest that nurses' counselling and education as a form of social support should be encouraged to enhance self-efficacy and self-care compliance among outpatients during follow-up care after percutaneous coronary intervention. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  2. [Early complications of Griggs percutaneous tracheotomy in own material].

    PubMed

    Pietkiewicz, Piotr; Machała, Waldemar; Kuśmierczyk, Krzysztof; Miłoński, Jarosław; Wiśniewski, Tomasz; Urbaniak, Joanna; Olszewski, Jurek

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the work was to assess early complications of Griggs percutaneous tracheotomy in the own material. The study covered 155 patients aged 17-88, including 36 women and 119 men. The patients were treated at the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy between 2006-2010. They underwent Griggs percutaneous tracheostomy by a laryngologist or a trained anaesthesiologist. Each surgical procedure was conducted with the use of Portex Blue Line Ultra Percutaneous Tracheotomy Kit (Smiths Medical Co., USA), the trachea was intubated while the patient was under general anaesthesia with propofol, fentanyl and relaxation with atracurium. The studied material revealed Griggs percutaneous tracheotomy complications in 26 patients (16.8%), in which 11 patients (7.1%) presented complications within the perioperative period while 15 patients (9.7%) reported early complications. Haemorrhage, usually not very profuse, occurred 7 times (4.6%), mainly in tracheopunction, and was the most often perioperative complication. Moreover, in the perioperative period, 3 patients (1.9%) had trachea identifications difficulties, which required tracheopunction many a time, and 1 patient (0.65%) encountered sudden circulatory arrest with asystolia and effective CPR. In the early postoperative period after Griggs percutaneous tracheotomy, the most common complication was haemorrhage in the operative twenty-four hours, which was noted in 10 patients (6.5%). Among other adverse complications were found: infection of the tissues near the tracheostomal region in 3 patients (1.9%), subcutaneous oedema in 1 patient (0.65%), accidental removing the tube from an unformed tracheostoma in 1 patient (0.65%). In the studied material, complications after Griggs percutaneous tracheotomy amounted to 16.8%, of which 7.1% occurred in the perioperative period while 9.7% were early complications, mainly light bleeding. This may prove good preparation of the surgical team for the surgical procedures

  3. Type D Personality, Social Support, and Depression Among Ethnic Chinese Coronary Artery Disease Patients Undergoing a Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: An Exploratory Study.

    PubMed

    Su, Shu-Fen; He, Chung-Ping

    2018-01-01

    This study investigated the relationships between Type D personality, depression, and social support among ethnic Chinese coronary artery disease (CAD) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. Type D personality is associated with CAD, and may increase patients' depression and mortality rate. However, very few studies have explored the relationships between depression and social support among ethnic Chinese Type D CAD patients. A longitudinal, repeated-measures design was used; 105 Taiwanese CAD patients undergoing a percutaneous coronary intervention were recruited between January and December 2015. A demographic questionnaire, Type D Scale, ENRICHD Social Support Inventory, and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 were completed by 102 participants (mean age = 64.42, SD = 13.67 years) at hospitalization, and at the second week and third month after discharge. Data were analyzed using t tests and a generalized estimating equation. Results indicated that 46.7% of participants who had Type D personality had lower social support and higher depression than did the remaining (non-Type D) participants. At two weeks after discharge, the improvement in social support was higher among Type D patients than non-Type D participants; the same was true for depression at two weeks and three months after discharge each. Type D Taiwanese CAD patients showed lower perceived social support and higher depression during hospitalization than did non-Type D participants. Furthermore, the more social support patients received at home, the lower was their depression. Health-care providers should provide continuous mental health care, conduct early screening of mental health issues, and ensure that patients receive sufficient social support to reduce depression.

  4. Successful management of grade III coronary perforation after percutaneous angioplasty in a high-risk patient: a case report.

    PubMed

    Coloma Araniya, Ricardo; Beas, Renato; Maticorena-Quevedo, Jesús; Anduaga-Beramendi, Alexander; Pastrana Castillo, Marco Antonio

    2016-03-03

    Coronary perforation is a rare complication in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary angioplasty. The mortality of this complication varies depending on factors related to the patient and the procedure performed, reaching 44% in patients with Ellis type III perforation. We report the case of an 81 year old male with multiple cardiovascular risk factors, who underwent percutaneous angioplasty for unstable angina management. The patient developed grade III coronary perforation in the anterior descending artery, which was successfully managed with balloon inflation to 6 atmospheres for 10 minutes twice in the affected area, with an interval of 5 minutes between each dilatation. The patient improved and was discharged.

  5. A Randomized Study of SheathLess vs Standard Guiding Catheters for Transradial Percutaneous Coronary Interventions.

    PubMed

    Noble, Stephane; Tessitore, Elena; Gencer, Baris; Righini, Marc; Robert-Ebadi, Helia; Roffi, Marco; Bonvini, Robert F

    2016-12-01

    The small diameter of radial arteries remains a major limitation of the transradial approach for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Sheathless guiding catheters (GCs) might offer an advantage over standard GCs. Between 2011 and 2013, we randomized 233 transradial PCIs performed in men with ostial or bifurcation lesions and in all women between standard GC (Medtronic Launcher; Minneapolis, MN) and the SheathLess Eaucath GC (Asahi Intecc, Aichi, Japan). Successful PCI using the transradial approach was not different between the groups (P = 0.74), however the rate of successful transradial PCI with the designated GC (ie, without crossover to the opposing GC) was superior in the SheathLess group compared with the standard GC group (96.5% vs 89.9%; P = 0.047). Safety end point (ie, absence of PCI complication, radial artery occlusion, perforation, pseudoaneurysm, and Early Discharge after Transradial Stenting of Coronary Arteries [EASY] hematoma grade ≥ 2) did not differ between the groups (60.5% in both groups). Mean PCI duration (45.1 minutes vs 45.9 minutes), fluoroscopy (20.1 minutes and 19.9 minutes), and cannulation times (3.6 minutes vs 3.7 minutes), contrast media volume (196 mL vs 187 mL) and conversion to transfemoral approach (1.8% vs 0.8%) were not different between the groups. Patients' subjective assessment revealed less arm pain during navigation of the SheathLess GC (1.9 ± 1.9 vs 4.8 ± 3.6; P < 0.001). Operators graded arm crossability as easier with the SheathLess GC (8.7 ± 1.5 vs 5.1 ± 3.5; P < 0.001). In selected coronary lesions requiring large-bore catheters in men and in all lesions in women, the SheathLess GC was superior to the standard GC for successful transradial PCI with the designated GC. The SheathLess GC was also associated with easier arm navigation and less patient discomfort. Copyright © 2016 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention in intermediate coronary artery disease: fractional flow reserve-guided versus intravascular ultrasound-guided.

    PubMed

    Nam, Chang-Wook; Yoon, Hyuck-Jun; Cho, Yun-Kyeong; Park, Hyoung-Seob; Kim, Hyungseop; Hur, Seung-Ho; Kim, Yoon-Nyun; Chung, In-Sung; Koo, Bon-Kwon; Tahk, Seung-Jae; Fearon, William F; Kim, Kwon-Bae

    2010-08-01

    This study sought to evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes of a fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy compared with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI for intermediate coronary lesions. Both FFR- and IVUS-guided PCI strategies have been reported to be safe and effective in intermediate coronary lesions. The study included 167 consecutive patients, with intermediate coronary lesions evaluated by FFR or IVUS (FFR-guided, 83 lesions vs. IVUS-guided, 94 lesions). Cutoff value of FFR in FFR-guided PCI was 0.80, whereas that for minimal lumen cross sectional area in IVUS-guided PCI was 4.0 mm(2). The primary outcome was defined as a composite of major adverse cardiac events including death, myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization at 1 year after the index procedure. Baseline percent diameter stenosis and lesion length were similar in both groups (51 +/- 8% and 24 +/- 12 mm in the FFR group vs. 52 +/- 8% and 24 +/- 13 mm in the IVUS group, respectively). However, the IVUS-guided group underwent revascularization therapy significantly more often (91.5% vs. 33.7%, p < 0.001). No significant difference was found in major adverse cardiac event rates between the 2 groups (3.6% in FFR-guided PCI vs. 3.2% in IVUS-guided PCI). Independent predictors for performing intervention were guiding device: FFR versus IVUS (relative risk [RR]: 0.02); left anterior descending coronary artery versus non-left anterior descending coronary artery disease (RR: 5.60); and multi- versus single-vessel disease (RR: 3.28). Both FFR- and IVUS-guided PCI strategy for intermediate coronary artery disease were associated with favorable outcomes. The FFR-guided PCI reduces the need for revascularization of many of these lesions. Copyright (c) 2010 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Time-dependent changes of plasma adiponectin concentration in relation to coronary microcirculatory function in patients with acute myocardial infarction treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Trifunovic, Danijela; Stankovic, Sanja; Marinkovic, Jelena; Beleslin, Branko; Banovic, Marko; Djukanovic, Nina; Orlic, Dejan; Tesic, Milorad; Vujisic-Tesic, Bosiljka; Petrovic, Milan; Nedeljkovic, Ivana; Stepanovic, Jelena; Djordjevic-Dikic, Ana; Giga, Vojislav; Ostojic, Miodrag

    2015-03-01

    To analyze plasma adiponectin kinetics in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) and its association with coronary flow reserve (CFR), an index of coronary microcirculatory function. A total of 96 consecutive patients with the first anterior STEMI treated by pPCI without heart failure were included. CFR was assessed on the 7th day after pPCI. Plasma adiponectin was measured on admission before pPCI, and on the 2nd and 7th day after pPCI. Adiponectin concentration was the highest on admission, declined to the lowest level on the 2nd day, and rose on the 7th day remaining below admission values. Impaired coronary microcirculatory function (CFR<2) was observed in 41% of the patients. Adiponectin concentrations significantly positively correlated with CFR, and the strongest correlation was with the 2nd day adiponectin (r=0.489, p<0.001). In multivariate models, adiponectin concentrations were independent predictors of impaired CFR [on admission: odds ratio (OR) 0.175, confidence interval (CI): 0.047-0.654, p=0.010; 2nd day: OR 0.146, 95% CI: 0.044-0.485, p=0.002; 7th day: OR 0.198, CI: 0.064-0.611, p=0.005]. The best power to predict impaired CFR was the 2nd day adiponectin. Delta values of adiponectin (differences between adiponectin concentrations) did not correlate with CFR. In patients with the first anterior STEMI treated by pPCI plasma adiponectin concentrations before and after pPCI are strongly associated with CFR. Our results support the hypothesis that low adiponectin, especially during the early post-pPCI period, carries the risk for impaired coronary microcirculatory function in STEMI patients. Copyright © 2014 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Surgical treatment for Ellis type 3 coronary perforation during percutaneous catheter intervention.

    PubMed

    Totsugawa, Toshinori; Kuinose, Masahiko; Yoshitaka, Hidenori; Katayama, Keijiro; Tsushima, Yoshimasa; Ishida, Atsuhisa; Chikazawa, Genta; Hiraoka, Arudo

    2012-01-01

    Coronary perforation (CP) is a rare, but sometimes lethal, complication of percutaneous catheter intervention (PCI). We reviewed surgically-treated cases of type 3 CP during PCI. From 2007 to 2010, 5 patients underwent surgical repair for type 3 CP (3 men, 2 women; mean age, 74 years). The mean number of diseased coronary branches was 2.6 and the mean SYNTAX score was 45. The target lesions were the left anterior descending artery in 4 cases and the right coronary artery in 1 case. Types of American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology classification were type B2 in only one case and type C in 4 cases. The causes of perforation were balloon inflation in 4 patients and rotational atherectomy in 1 patient. The in-hospital mortality rate was 20%. In the cases of CP associated with balloon inflation, coronary lacerations were so severe that re-bleeding occurred even if the covered stent could temporarily achieve hemostasis, and percutaneous cardiopulmonary support and emergency surgery were required. CP induced by balloon inflation tends to result in a serious condition compared with rotablator-induced CP. Surgery should be immediately performed even after covered stent implantation if there is any possibility of re-bleeding in the case of balloon-induced type 3 CP.

  9. Tong-xin-luo capsule for patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Mao, Chen; Fu, Xiao-Hong; Yuan, Jin-Qiu; Yang, Zu-Yao; Chung, Vincent C H; Qin, Ying; Huang, Yafang; Tam, Wilson Wai San; Kwong, Joey S W; Xie, Wei; Tang, Jin-Ling

    2015-05-21

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a standard treatment for coronary heart disease (CHD). Restenosis, defined as a 50% reduction in luminal diameter at six months after PCI, indicates a need for revascularisation. Restenosis has proven to be a major drawback to PCI. Tong-xin-luo is one of the prophylactic strategies for cardiovascular events in patients after PCI that is widely used in China, but its efficacy and safety have not been systematically evaluated. To systematically assess the efficacy and safety of Tong-xin-luo capsules in preventing cardiovascular events after PCI in patients with CHD. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (OVID), EMBASE (OVID), WanFang, Chinese Biomedical Database, Chinese Medical Current Contents, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from their inception to June 2014. We also searched other resources, including ongoing trials and research registries. We applied no language restrictions. Randomised controlled trials of participants with CHD after PCI were included. Participants in the intervention group received Tong-xin-luo capsules for at least three months. Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. Any disagreements were resolved by discussion with a third review author. The primary outcomes included occurrence of angiographic restenosis and adverse events; the secondary outcomes included myocardial infarction, heart failure, angina, all cause mortality, mortality due to any cardiovascular event, use of revascularisation, patient acceptability, quality of life and cost-effectiveness. Dichotomous data were measured with risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Sixteen studies involving 1063 participants were identified. The risk of bias for fifteen studies was high and along with imprecision and possible publication bias, this lowered our confidence in the results. There was low quality evidence that Tong

  10. Acute total left main stem occlusion treated with emergency percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Mozid, A M; Sritharan, K; Clesham, G J

    2010-01-01

    Acute total occlusion of the left main stem (LMS) is a rare cause of myocardial infarction but carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality including presentation as sudden death. We describe the case of a 68-year-old woman who presented acutely with chest pain and ST segment elevation in lead aVR on her ECG suggestive of possible LMS occlusion. Emergency coronary angiography confirmed acute total LMS occlusion as well as an anomalous dominant right coronary artery. The patient underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention of the LMS with a good angiographic result and resolution of her symptoms. The patient was treated for acute left ventricular failure but made a gradual recovery and was discharged home 7 days after admission.

  11. Prognostic and Practical Validation of Current Definitions of Myocardial Infarction Associated With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Tricoci, Pierluigi; Newby, L Kristin; Clare, Robert M; Leonardi, Sergio; Gibson, C Michael; Giugliano, Robert P; Armstrong, Paul W; Van de Werf, Frans; Montalescot, Gilles; Moliterno, David J; Held, Claes; Aylward, Philip E; Wallentin, Lars; Harrington, Robert A; Braunwald, Eugene; Mahaffey, Kenneth W; White, Harvey D

    2018-05-14

    In 13,038 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the EARLY ACS (Early Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Inhibition in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome) and TRACER (Thrombin Receptor Antagonist for Clinical Event Reduction in Acute Coronary Syndrome) trials, the relationship between PCI-related myocardial infarction (MI) and 1-year mortality was assessed. The definition of PCI-related MI is controversial. The third universal definition of PCI-related MI requires cardiac troponin >5 times the 99th percentile of the normal reference limit from a stable or falling baseline and PCI-related clinical or angiographic complications. The definition from the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) requires creatine kinase-MB elevation >10 times the upper limit of normal (or 5 times if new electrocardiographic Q waves are present). Implications of these definitions on prognosis, prevalence, and implementation are not established. In our cohort of patients undergoing PCI, PCI-related MIs were classified using the third universal type 4a MI definition and SCAI criteria. In the subgroup of patients included in the angiographic core laboratory (ACL) substudy of EARLY ACS (n = 1,401) local investigator- versus ACL-reported angiographic complications were compared. Altogether, 2.0% of patients met third universal definition of PCI-related MI criteria, and 1.2% met SCAI criteria. One-year mortality was 3.3% with the third universal definition (hazard ratio: 1.96; 95% confidence interval: 1.24 to 3.10) and 5.3% with SCAI criteria (hazard ratio: 2.79; 95% confidence interval: 1.69 to 4.58; p < 0.001). Agreement between ACL and local investigators in detecting angiographic complications during PCI was overall moderate (κ = 0.53). The third universal definition of MI and the SCAI definition were both associated with significant risk for mortality at 1 year. Suboptimal

  12. Dimensions of socioeconomic status and clinical outcome after primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Jakobsen, Lars; Niemann, Troels; Thorsgaard, Niels; Thuesen, Leif; Lassen, Jens F; Jensen, Lisette O; Thayssen, Per; Ravkilde, Jan; Tilsted, Hans H; Mehnert, Frank; Johnsen, Søren P

    2012-10-01

    The association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and high mortality from coronary heart disease is well-known. However, the role of SES in relation to the clinical outcome after primary percutaneous coronary intervention remains poorly understood. We studied 7385 patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Participants were divided into high-SES and low-SES groups according to income, education, and employment status. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) at maximum follow-up (mean, 3.7 years). Low-SES patients had more adverse baseline risk profiles than high-SES patients. The cumulative risk of major adverse cardiac events after maximum follow-up was higher among low-income patients and unemployed patients compared with their counterparts (income: hazard ratio, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.47-1.92; employment status: hazard ratio, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.46-2.10). After adjustment for patient characteristics, these differences were substantially attenuated (income: hazard ratio, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.93-1.33; employment status: hazard ratio, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.03-1.56). Further adjustment for admission findings, procedure-related data, and medical treatment during follow-up did not significantly affect the associations. With education as the SES indicator, no between-group differences were observed in the risk of the composite end point. Even in a tax-financed healthcare system, low-SES patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention face a worse prognosis than high-SES patients. The poor outcome seems to be largely explained by differences in baseline patient characteristics. Employment status and income (but not education level) were associated with clinical outcomes.

  13. The Incidence and the Risk Factors of Silent Embolic Cerebral Infarction After Coronary Angiography and Percutaneous Coronary Interventions.

    PubMed

    Deveci, Onur Sinan; Celik, Aziz Inan; Ikikardes, Firat; Ozmen, Caglar; Caglıyan, Caglar Emre; Deniz, Ali; Bicakci, Kenan; Bicakci, Sebnem; Evlice, Ahmet; Demir, Turgay; Kanadasi, Mehmet; Demir, Mesut; Demirtas, Mustafa

    2016-05-01

    Silent embolic cerebral infarction (SECI) is a major complication of coronary angiography (CAG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent CAG with or without PCI were recruited. Cerebral diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging was performed for SECI within 24 hours. Clinical and angiographic characteristics were compared between patients with and without SECI. Silent embolic cerebral infarction occurred in 12 (12%) of the 101 patients. Age, total cholesterol, SYNTAX score (SS), and coronary artery bypass history were greater in the SECI(+) group (65 ± 10 vs 58 ± 11 years,P= .037; 223 ± 85 vs 173 ± 80 mg/dL,P= .048; 30.1 ± 2 vs 15 ± 3,P< .001; 4 [33.3%] vs 3 [3.3%],P= .005). The SECI was more common in the PCI group (8/24 vs 4/77,P= .01). On subanalysis, the SS was significantly higher in the SECI(+) patients in both the CAG and the PCI groups (29.3 ± 1.9 vs 15 ± 3,P< .01; 30.5 ± 1.9 vs 15.1 ± 3.2,P< .001, respectively). The risk of SECI after CAG and PCI increases with the complexity of CAD (represented by the SS). The SS is a predictor of the risk of SECI, a complication that should be considered more often after CAG. © The Author(s) 2015.

  14. Ad hoc vs. Non-ad hoc Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Strategies in Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease.

    PubMed

    Toyota, Toshiaki; Morimoto, Takeshi; Shiomi, Hiroki; Ando, Kenji; Ono, Koh; Shizuta, Satoshi; Kato, Takao; Saito, Naritatsu; Furukawa, Yutaka; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Horie, Minoru; Kimura, Takeshi

    2017-03-24

    Few studies have evaluated the prevalence and clinical outcomes of ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), performing diagnostic coronary angiography and PCI in the same session, in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry cohort-2, 6,943 patients were analyzed as having stable CAD and undergoing first PCI. Ad hoc PCI and non-ad hoc PCI were performed in 1,722 (24.8%) and 5,221 (75.1%) patients, respectively. The cumulative 5-year incidence and adjusted risk for all-cause death were not significantly different between the 2 groups (15% vs. 15%, P=0.53; hazard ratio: 1.15, 95% confidence interval: 0.98-1.35, P=0.08). Ad hoc PCI relative to non-ad hoc PCI was associated with neutral risk for myocardial infarction, any coronary revascularization, and bleeding, but was associated with a trend towards lower risk for stroke (hazard ratio: 0.78, 95% confidence interval: 0.60-1.02, P=0.06). Ad hoc PCI in stable CAD patients was associated with at least comparable 5-year clinical outcomes as with non-ad hoc PCI. Considering patients' preference and the cost-saving, the ad hoc PCI strategy might be a safe and attractive option for patients with stable CAD, although the prevalence of ad hoc PCI was low in the current study population.

  15. Early versus delayed, provisional eptifibatide in acute coronary syndromes.

    PubMed

    Giugliano, Robert P; White, Jennifer A; Bode, Christoph; Armstrong, Paul W; Montalescot, Gilles; Lewis, Basil S; van 't Hof, Arnoud; Berdan, Lisa G; Lee, Kerry L; Strony, John T; Hildemann, Steven; Veltri, Enrico; Van de Werf, Frans; Braunwald, Eugene; Harrington, Robert A; Califf, Robert M; Newby, L Kristin

    2009-05-21

    Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors are indicated in patients with acute coronary syndromes who are undergoing an invasive procedure. The optimal timing of the initiation of such therapy is unknown. We compared a strategy of early, routine administration of eptifibatide with delayed, provisional administration in 9492 patients who had acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation and who were assigned to an invasive strategy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either early eptifibatide (two boluses, each containing 180 microg per kilogram of body weight, administered 10 minutes apart, and a standard infusion > or = 12 hours before angiography) or a matching placebo infusion with provisional use of eptifibatide after angiography (delayed eptifibatide). The primary efficacy end point was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, recurrent ischemia requiring urgent revascularization, or the occurrence of a thrombotic complication during percutaneous coronary intervention that required bolus therapy opposite to the initial study-group assignment ("thrombotic bailout") at 96 hours. The key secondary end point was a composite of death or myocardial infarction within the first 30 days. Key safety end points were bleeding and the need for transfusion within the first 120 hours after randomization. The primary end point occurred in 9.3% of patients in the early-eptifibatide group and in 10.0% in the delayed-eptifibatide group (odds ratio, 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.80 to 1.06; P=0.23). At 30 days, the rate of death or myocardial infarction was 11.2% in the early-eptifibatide group, as compared with 12.3% in the delayed-eptifibatide group (odds ratio, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.01; P=0.08). Patients in the early-eptifibatide group had significantly higher rates of bleeding and red-cell transfusion. There was no significant difference between the two groups in rates of severe bleeding or nonhemorrhagic serious adverse events. In patients who had acute

  16. Length of stay following percutaneous coronary intervention: An expert consensus document update from the society for cardiovascular angiography and interventions.

    PubMed

    Seto, Arnold H; Shroff, Adhir; Abu-Fadel, Mazen; Blankenship, James C; Boudoulas, Konstantinos Dean; Cigarroa, Joaquin E; Dehmer, Gregory J; Feldman, Dmitriy N; Kolansky, Daniel M; Lata, Kusum; Swaminathan, Rajesh V; Rao, Sunil V

    2018-04-24

    Since the publication of the 2009 SCAI Expert Consensus Document on Length of Stay Following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), advances in vascular access techniques, stent technology, and antiplatelet pharmacology have facilitated changes in discharge patterns following PCI. Additional clinical studies have demonstrated the safety of early and same day discharge in selected patients with uncomplicated PCI, while reimbursement policies have discouraged unnecessary hospitalization. This consensus update: (1) clarifies clinical and reimbursement definitions of discharge strategies, (2) reviews the technological advances and literature supporting reduced hospitalization duration and risk assessment, and (3) describes changes to the consensus recommendations on length of stay following PCI (Supporting Information Table S1). These recommendations are intended to support reasonable clinical decision making regarding postprocedure length of stay for a broad spectrum of patients undergoing PCI, rather than prescribing a specific period of observation for individual patients. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Motivation is a crucial factor for adherence to a healthy lifestyle among people with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Kähkönen, Outi; Kankkunen, Päivi; Saaranen, Terhi; Miettinen, Heikki; Kyngäs, Helvi; Lamidi, Marja-Leena

    2015-10-01

    To test the Theory of Adherence of People with Chronic Disease with regard to adherence to treatment among patients with coronary heart disease after a percutaneous coronary intervention. Increased knowledge of the concept of adherence is needed for the development of nursing interventions and nursing guidelines for patients with coronary heart disease. A cross-sectional, multi-centre study. This study was conducted from February-December 2013 with 416 patients with coronary heart disease 4 months after undergoing a percutaneous coronary intervention. A self-reported questionnaire was used to assess their adherence to treatment. Data were analysed using structural equation modelling. The theory explained 45% of the adherence to a healthy lifestyle and 7% of the adherence to medication. Structural equation modelling confirmed that motivation and results of care had the highest association with adherence to a healthy lifestyle. Responsibility was associated with adherence to medication. Support from next of kin, support from nurses and physicians, and motivation, co-operation, fear of complications and a sense of normality were associated with adherence. Patients who are motivated to perform self-care and consider the results of care to be important were more likely to adhere to a healthy lifestyle. Responsible patients were more likely to adhere to their medication. It is important to account for these elements as a part of secondary prevention strategies among patients with coronary heart disease after a percutaneous coronary intervention. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention by magnetic navigation compared with conventional wire technique.

    PubMed

    Patterson, Mark S; Dirksen, Maurits T; Ijsselmuiden, Alexander J; Amoroso, Giovanni; Slagboom, Ton; Laarman, Gerrit-Jan; Schultz, Carl; van Domburg, Ron T; Serruys, Patrick W; Kiemeneij, Ferdinand

    2011-06-01

    Aims Comparison of magnetic guidewire navigation in percutaneous coronary intervention (MPCI) vs. conventional percutaneous coronary intervention (CPCI) for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Methods and results We compared 65 sequential patients (mean age 61 ± 15 years) undergoing primary MPCI with those of 405 patients undergoing CPCI (mean age 61 ± 13 years). The major endpoint was contrast media use. Technical success and procedural outcomes were evaluated. Clinical demographics and angiographic characteristics of the two groups were similar, except for fewer patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and hypertension in the CPCI group and fewer patients with diabetes in the MPCI group. The technical success rate was high in both the MPCI and CPCI groups (95.4 vs. 98%). There was significantly less contrast media usage in the MPCI compared with the CPCI group, median reduction of contrast media of 30 mL with an OR = 0.41 (0.21-0.81). Fluoroscopy times were significantly reduced for MPCI compared with CPCI, median reduction of 7.2 min with an OR = 0.42 (0.20-0.79). Conclusion This comparison indicates the feasibility and non-inferiority of magnetic navigation in performing primary PCI and suggests the possibility of reductions in contrast media use and fluoroscopy time compared with CPCI.

  19. Patient characteristics associated with self-presentation, treatment delay and survival following primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Austin, David; Yan, Andrew T; Spratt, James C; Kunadian, Vijay; Edwards, Richard J; Egred, Mohaned; Bagnall, Alan J

    2014-09-01

    Delayed arrival to a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI)-capable hospital following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with poorer outcome. The influence of patient characteristics on delayed presentation during STEMI is unknown. This was a retrospective observational study. Patients presenting for PPCI from March 2008 to November 2011 in the north of England (Northumbria, Tyne and Wear) were included. The outcomes were self-presentation to a non-PPCI-capable hospital, symptom to first medical contact (STFMC) time, total ischaemic time and mortality during follow-up. STEMI patients included numbered 2297; 619 (26.9%) patients self-presented to a non-PPCI-capable hospital. STFMC of >30 min and total ischaemic time of >180 min was present in 1521 (70.7%) and 999 (44.9%) cases, respectively. Self-presentation was the strongest predictor of prolonged total ischaemic time (odds ratio, OR (95% confidence interval, CI): 5.05 (3.99-6.39)). Married patients (OR 1.38 (1.10-1.74)) and patients living closest to an Emergency Room self-presented more commonly (driving time (vs. ≤10 min) 11-20 min OR 0.66 (0.52-0.83), >20 minutes OR 0.46 (0.33-0.64). Unmarried females waited longest to call for help (OR vs. married males 1.89 (1.29-2.78) and experienced longer total ischaemic times (OR 1.51 (1.10-2.07)). Married patients had a borderline association with lower mortality (hazard ratio 0.75 (0.53-1.05), p=0.09). Unmarried female patients had the longest treatment delays. Married patients and those living closer to an Emergency Room self-present more frequently. Early and exclusive use of the ambulance service may reduce treatment delay and improve STEMI outcome. © The European Society of Cardiology 2014.

  20. Impact of hospital proportion and volume on primary percutaneous coronary intervention performance in England and Wales.

    PubMed

    West, Robert M; Cattle, Brian A; Bouyssie, Marianne; Squire, Iain; de Belder, Mark; Fox, Keith A A; Boyle, Roger; McLenachan, Jim M; Batin, Philip D; Greenwood, Darren C; Gale, Chris P

    2011-03-01

    To quantify the determinants of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) performance in England and Wales between 2004 and 2007. All 8653 primary PCI cases admitted to acute hospitals in England and Wales as recorded in the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP) 2004-2007. We studied the impact of the volume of primary PCI cases (hospital volume) on door-to-balloon (DTB) times and the proportion of patients treated with primary PCI (hospital proportion) on 30-day mortality and employed regression analysis to identify reasons for DTB time variations with a multilevel component to express hospital variation. The proportion of patients receiving primary PCI increased from 5% in 2004 to 20% in 2007. Median DTB times reduced from 84 min in 2004 to 61 min in 2007. Median DTB times decreased as the number of primary PCI procedures increased. The 30-day all-cause mortality rate for hospitals performing primary PCI on >25% of ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients [5.0%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.9-6.1%] was almost double that of hospitals performing primary PCI on more than 75% (2.7%; 95% CI: 2.0-3.5%). Time-of-day, year of admission, sex, and diabetes significantly influenced DTB times. Hospital variation was evident by a hospital-level DTB time standard deviation of 12 min. There was a large variation in DTB times between the best and worst performing hospitals. Although patient-related factors impacted upon DTB times, the volume and proportion of patients undergoing primary PCI were significantly associated with delay and early mortality-hospitals with the highest proportion of primary PCI had the lowest mortality.

  1. Coronary blood flow during percutaneous hemopump in patients at high risk for angioplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Geschwind, Herbert J.; Dubois-Rande, Jean Luc; Dupouy, Patrick J.; Larrazet, Fabrice S.; Kvasnicka, Jan; El-Ghalid, Ahmed; Deleuze, Philippe; Loisance, Daniel

    1995-05-01

    Hemopump is a ventricular assist device which is aimed at improving the management of high- risk patients for PTCA. The aim of the study was to access coronary blood flow velocity during hemopump. The hemopump was inserted percutaneously into the femoral artery. Coronary blood flow was measured with a 12 MHz Doppler-tipped guidewire proximal and distal to the stenosis before, during and after PTCA. Coronary vascular reserve was assessed by intracoronary 12 mg bolus injection of Papaverine. Collateral flow was assessed during balloon occlusion by inverted velocity signals below baseline. Eight patients aged 59 +/- 11 yrs, with unstable angina, a last patent vessel and/or major left ventricular dysfunction (EF < 0.20) had hemopump during PTCA of stenosis (86 +/- 14%) of the LAD (n equals 4) or the LCX (n equals 4). Collateral flow was slightly increased (+25 +/- 18%) by the Hemopump. Hemopump did not strongly affect coronary flow velocity, did not significantly increase collateral flow and increased slightly coronary vascular reserve.

  2. Comparison of symptoms, treatment, and outcomes of coronary artery disease among rheumatoid arthritis and matched subjects undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Desai, Sonali P; Januzzi, James L; Pande, Ashvin N; Pomerantsev, Eugene V; Resnic, Frederic S; Fossel, Anne; Chibnik, Lori B; Solomon, Daniel H

    2010-12-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with an increased prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated the presenting symptoms of CAD, coronary anatomy (single versus multi-vessel CAD), and treatment among a group of subjects undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with angioplasty and/or stenting. We evaluated a retrospective cohort of 43 RA subjects and 43 matched non-RA subjects undergoing PCI at 2 academic referral centers. RA subjects were matched to non-RA subjects on age, gender, history of coronary artery bypass grafting, date of PCI, and interventional cardiologist. We compared cardiac risk factors, presentation, treatment, and outcomes. The mean age of the study cohort was 71 ± 10 years, and the distribution of traditional cardiac risk factors was similar in the subjects with RA compared with the matched non-RA subjects (all P values > 0.05). Seventy-four percent of subjects with RA compared with 67% of those without RA presented with an acute coronary syndrome before PCI (P = 0.48). All subjects in this cohort undergoing PCI had at least 1 stenosis in a major epicardial vessel and similar percentages of subjects with RA (44%) and without RA (40%) had multi-vessel CAD (P = 0.66). The administration of cardiac medications both at PCI and at hospital discharge was not different among subjects with RA compared with matched non-RA subjects. Among this cohort with significant CAD undergoing PCI, clinical characteristics, presentation, severity of CAD, treatment modalities, and outcomes were similar in subjects with RA and well-matched non-RA subjects. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Effects of music on patients undergoing a C-clamp procedure after percutaneous coronary interventions.

    PubMed

    Chan, Moon Fai; Wong, Oi Chi; Chan, Hoi Lam; Fong, Mei Chu; Lai, Suet Yan; Lo, Ching Wah; Ho, Siu Mei; Ng, Suk Ying; Leung, Suk Kit

    2006-03-01

    This paper reports a study to determine the effect of music on physiological parameters and level of pain in patients undergoing application of a C-clamp after percutaneous coronary interventions. Most percutaneous coronary interventions are performed through the femoral artery. In order to stop bleeding and achieve homeostasis, a C-clamp is used after percutaneous coronary interventions. However, the experience is painful for patients and they inevitably suffer discomfort. Pain may lead to stress responses and may affect the physical and mental health of patients. One potential beneficial practice is having the patient listen to relaxing music, which might have the effect of reducing situational discomfort and pain. A randomized controlled study was conducted during the period September 2004 to March 2005. Forty-three people (20 experimental and 23 control) were recruited from the intensive care units of two acute care hospitals in Hong Kong. Physiological and psychological variables were collected at baseline and at 15, 30 and 45 minutes. In the music group, there were statistically significant reductions (P=0.001) in heart rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation than the control participants at 45 minutes. In the music group, statistically significant reductions (P=0.001) in systolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate and oxygen saturation were found at the four time points, but not in the control group. No statistically significant differences were found at baseline comparison of the two groups, but statistically significant differences in pain scores were found at 45 minutes for participants in the music group compared with the control group (P=0.003). Participants in the control group showed statistically significant increases in pain at 45 minutes compared with baseline (P<0.001). The benefits of preventing physiological reactions to pain were demonstrated. Music is a simple, safe and effective method of reducing potentially harmful

  4. Low Body Mass Index, Serum Creatinine, and Cause of Death in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Goel, Kashish; Gulati, Rajiv; Reeder, Guy S; Lennon, Ryan J; Lewis, Bradley R; Behfar, Atta; Sandhu, Gurpreet S; Rihal, Charanjit S; Singh, Mandeep

    2016-10-31

    Low body mass index (BMI) and serum creatinine are surrogate markers of frailty and sarcopenia. Their relationship with cause-specific mortality in elderly patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention is not well studied. We determined long-term cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality in 9394 consecutive patients aged ≥65 years who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention from 2000 to 2011. BMI and serum creatinine were divided into 4 categories. During a median follow-up of 4.2 years (interquartile range 1.8-7.3 years), 3243 patients (33.4%) died. In the multivariable model, compared with patients with normal BMI, patients with low BMI had significantly increased all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.7), which was related to both cardiovascular causes (HR 1.4, 95% CI 1.0-1.8) and noncardiovascular causes (HR 1.4, 95% CI 1.06-1.9). Compared with normal BMI, significant reduction was noted in patients who were overweight and obese in terms of cardiovascular mortality (overweight: HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.67-0.88; obese: HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.70-0.93) and noncardiovascular mortality (overweight: HR 0.85, 95% CI 0.74-0.97; obese: HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.72-0.95). In a multivariable model, in patients with normal BMI, low creatinine (≤0.70 mg/dL) was significantly associated with increased all-cause mortality (HR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.5) and cardiovascular mortality (HR 2.3, 95% CI 1.4-3.8) compared with patients with normal creatinine (0.71-1.0 mg/dL); however, this was not observed in other BMI categories. We identified a new subgroup of patients with low serum creatinine and normal BMI that was associated with increased all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality in elderly patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Low BMI was associated with increased cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality. Nutritional support, resistance training, and weight-gain strategies may have potential roles for these patients undergoing

  5. [Astronauts, asteroids and the universe of antithrombotic therapies in primary percutaneous coronary intervention].

    PubMed

    De Luca, Leonardo; Granatelli, Antonino

    2017-06-01

    A sensation of self-awareness on the relativity of our certainties comes over looking to the huge amount of data on antithrombotic therapies assessed in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). This sensation can be compared to the so-called "overview effect", a cognitive shift in awareness reported by some astronauts during spaceflight, often while viewing the Earth from orbit. In this review we will mention drugs floated like meteors in the Universe of STEMI treatment and we will discuss the body of evidence on oral and intravenous antithrombotic therapies for patients undergoing pPCI.

  6. Anticoagulant and Antiplatelet Prescribing Patterns for Patients with Atrial Fibrillation after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Woods, Erin A; Ackman, Margaret L; Graham, Michelle M; Koshman, Sheri L; Boswell, Rosaleen M; Barry, Arden R

    2016-01-01

    Current guidelines recommend triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT), defined as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), clopidogrel, and warfarin, for patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation. The choice of anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy in this population is ambiguous and complex, and prescribing patterns are not well documented. To characterize local prescribing patterns for anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. A chart review was conducted at a single quaternary cardiology centre. Patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation were identified via medical records, and those who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention were identified using a local clinical patient registry. Adult inpatients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and a CHADS2 score (based on congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥ 75 years, diabetes mellitus, prior stroke) of 1 or higher who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention from 2011 to 2013 were included. Patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery or transcatheter aortic valve replacement, those with mechanical devices requiring anticoagulation, and those with an allergy to any component of TAT were excluded. Seventy patients were included. The median age was 75 years, and 52 (74%) were men. At discharge, 30 (43%) were receiving TAT and 27 (39%) were receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (clopidogrel and ASA). No patients received the combination of warfarin and clopidogrel. Among those who received TAT, 90% (19 of 21) who received a bare metal stent had a recommended duration of 1 month, and 75% (6 of 8) who received a drug-eluting stent had a recommended duration of 1 year. Direct-acting oral anticoagulants with 2 antiplatelet drugs were prescribed for 9% (6 of 70) of the patients, and 10% (7 of 70) received ticagrelor and ASA with or without warfarin. Overall, the

  7. Blood Transfusion and the Risk of Acute Kidney Injury Among Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Karrowni, Wassef; Vora, Amit Navin; Dai, David; Wojdyla, Daniel; Dakik, Habib; Rao, Sunil V

    2016-09-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) complicating percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. To date, no studies have evaluated the association of blood transfusion with AKI in patients undergoing PCI. We used a retrospective cohort study of all patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing PCI from CathPCI Registry (n=1 756 864). The primary outcome was AKI defined as the rise in serum creatinine post procedure ≥0.5 mg/dL or ≥25% above baseline values. AKI developed in 9.0% of study sample. Patients with AKI were older, more often women, and had high prevalence of comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and advanced stages of chronic kidney disease at baseline. Blood transfusion was utilized in 2.2% of patients. In the overall sample, AKI developed in 35.1% of patients who received transfusion versus 8.4% of patients without transfusion (adjusted odds ratio, 4.87 [4.71-5.04]). In the subgroup of patients who sustained bleeding event and received transfusion, the rate of AKI was significantly increased across all preprocedure hemoglobin levels versus no blood transfusion. Similar findings were seen in the subgroup of patients with no bleeding event. Blood transfusion is strongly associated with AKI in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing PCI. Further investigation is needed to determine whether a restrictive blood transfusion strategy might improve PCI outcomes by reducing the risk of AKI. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  8. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for a Patient with Left Main Coronary Compression Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Ikegami, Ryutaro; Ozaki, Kazuyuki; Ozawa, Takuya; Hirono, Satoru; Ito, Masahiro; Minamino, Tohru

    2018-05-15

    Left main coronary compression syndrome rarely occurs in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension. A 65-year-old woman with severe pulmonary hypertension due to an atrial septal defect suffered from angina on effort. Cardiac computed-tomography and coronary angiography revealed considerable stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMA) caused by compression between the dilated main pulmonary artery trunk and the sinus of valsalva. Stenting of the LMA under intravascular ultrasound imaging was effective for the treatment of angina. We herein report the diagnosis and management of this condition with a brief literature review.

  9. Comparison by meta-analysis of percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with a mean age of ≥70 years.

    PubMed

    Alam, Mahboob; Virani, Salim S; Shahzad, Saima A; Siddiqui, Sahar; Siddiqui, Khaleeq H; Mumtaz, Shahzad A; Kleiman, Neal S; Coselli, Joseph S; Lakkis, Nasser M; Jneid, Hani

    2013-09-01

    A paucity of published data evaluating the outcomes of older patients (age ≥70 years) undergoing revascularization for unprotected left main coronary artery disease is available. We performed aggregate data meta-analyses of the clinical outcomes (all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, repeat revascularization, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 30 days and 12 and 22 months) in studies comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with a mean age of ≥70 years and unprotected left main coronary artery disease. A comprehensive, time-unlimited literature search to January 31, 2013 identified 10 studies with a total of 2,386 patients (PCI, n = 909; CABG, n = 1,477). Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using the random-effects model. The patients in the PCI group were more likely than those in the CABG group to present with acute coronary syndrome (59.6% vs 44.8%, p <0.001). PCI was associated with a shorter hospital stay (4.2 ± 0.8 vs 8.3 ± 0.01 days, p <0.001). No significant differences were found between PCI and CABG for all cause-mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 30 days and 12 and 22 months. However, PCI was associated with lower rates of stroke at 30 days (OR 0.14, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.76) and 12 months (OR 0.14, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.60) and higher rates of repeat revascularization at 22 months (OR 4.34, 95% CI 2.69 to 7.01). These findings were consistent with the findings from a subgroup analysis of patients aged ≥75 years. In conclusion, older patients (age ≥70 years) with unprotected left main coronary artery disease had comparable rates of all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events after PCI or CABG. The patients undergoing PCI had a shorter hospital stay and lower rates of early stroke

  10. Percutaneous Coronary and Structural Interventions in Women. A Position Statement from the EAPCI Women Committee.

    PubMed

    Chieffo, Alaide; Buchanan, Gill Louise; Mehilli, Julinda; Capodanno, Davide; Kunadian, Vijay; Petronio, Anna Sonia; Mikhail, Ghada W; Capranzano, Piera; Gonzal, Nieves; Karam, Nicole; Manzo-Silberman, Stéphane; Schüpke, Stefanie; Byrne, Robert A; Capretti, Giuliana; Appelman, Yolande; Morice, Marie-Claude; Presbitero, Patrizia; Radu, Maria; Mauri, Josepa

    2018-05-22

    Several expert documents on sex-based differences in interventional outcomes are now available, however this is the first position paper from the EAPCI Women Committee discussing the potential influence of sex in the percutaneous treatment of coronary and structural heart disease. Despite the misconception that coronary artery disease is a 'man's disease', contemporary data shows a growing incidence in women. However, women are under-represented in randomised coronary clinical trials (~25%). The generalisation of such studies is therefore problematic in decision-making for females undergoing coronary intervention. Differences in pathophysiology between sexes exist, highlighting the need for greater awareness amongst healthcare professionals to enable best evidence-based therapies for women as well as for men. Reassuringly, women represent half of the population included in transcatheter aortic valve implantation clinical trials and may actually benefit more. Growing evidence is also emerging for other interventional atrial procedures which may well be advantageous to women. Awareness of sex disparities is increasing, and we must all work collaboratively within our profession to ensure we provide effective care for all patients with heart disease. The EAPCI Women Committee aim to highlight such issues through this position paper and through visibility within the interventional community.

  11. Three-dimensional virtual surgery models for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) optimization strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Hujun; Liu, Jinghua; Zheng, Xu; Rong, Xiaohui; Zheng, Xuwei; Peng, Hongyu; Silber-Li, Zhanghua; Li, Mujun; Liu, Liyu

    2015-06-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), especially coronary stent implantation, has been shown to be an effective treatment for coronary artery disease. However, in-stent restenosis is one of the longstanding unsolvable problems following PCI. Although stents implanted inside narrowed vessels recover normal flux of blood flows, they instantaneously change the wall shear stress (WSS) distribution on the vessel surface. Improper stent implantation positions bring high possibilities of restenosis as it enlarges the low WSS regions and subsequently stimulates more epithelial cell outgrowth on vessel walls. To optimize the stent position for lowering the risk of restenosis, we successfully established a digital three-dimensional (3-D) model based on a real clinical coronary artery and analysed the optimal stenting strategies by computational simulation. Via microfabrication and 3-D printing technology, the digital model was also converted into in vitro microfluidic models with 3-D micro channels. Simultaneously, physicians placed real stents inside them; i.e., they performed “virtual surgeries”. The hydrodynamic experimental results showed that the microfluidic models highly inosculated the simulations. Therefore, our study not only demonstrated that the half-cross stenting strategy could maximally reduce restenosis risks but also indicated that 3-D printing combined with clinical image reconstruction is a promising method for future angiocardiopathy research.

  12. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Severely Calcified Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease: Initial Experience With Orbital Atherectomy.

    PubMed

    Lee, Michael S; Shlofmitz, Evan; Kaplan, Barry; Shlofmitz, Richard

    2016-04-01

    We report the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with orbital atherectomy for severely calcified unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. Although surgical revascularization is the gold standard for patients with ULMCA disease, not all patients are candidates for this. PCI is increasingly used to treat complex coronary artery disease, including ULMCA disease. The presence of severely calcified lesions increases the complexity of PCI. Orbital atherectomy can be used to facilitate stent delivery and expansion in severely calcified lesions. The clinical outcomes of patients treated with orbital atherectomy for severely calcified ULMCA disease have not been reported. From May 2014 to July 2015, a total of 14 patients who underwent PCI with orbital atherectomy for ULMCA disease were retrospectively evaluated. The primary endpoint was major cardiac and cerebrovascular event (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and target-lesion revascularization) at 30 days. The mean age was 78.2 ± 5.8 years. The mean ejection fraction was 41.8 ± 19.8%. Distal bifurcation disease was present in 9 of 14 patients. Procedural success was achieved in all 14 patients. The 30-day major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event rate was 0%. One patient had coronary dissection that was successfully treated with stenting. No patient had perforation, slow flow, or thrombosis. Orbital atherectomy in patients with severely calcified ULMCA disease is feasible, even in high-risk patients who were considered poor surgical candidates. Randomized trials are needed to determine the role of orbital atherectomy in ULMCA disease.

  13. Prognostic Analysis for Cardiogenic Shock in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction Receiving Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Mao-Jen; Chen, Chun-Yu; Lin, Hau-De

    2017-01-01

    Cardiogenic shock (CS) is uncommon in patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Long-term outcome and adverse predictors for outcomes in AMI patients with CS receiving percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) are unclear. A total of 482 AMI patients who received PCI were collected, including 53 CS and 429 non-CS. Predictors for AMI patients with CS including recurrent MI, cardiovascular (CV) mortality, all-cause mortality, and repeated-PCI were analyzed. The CS group had a lower central systolic pressure and central diastolic pressure (both P < 0.001). AMI patients with hypertension history were less prone to develop CS (P < 0.001). Calcium channel blockers and statins were less frequently used by the CS group than the non-CS group (both P < 0.05) after discharge. Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score, CV mortality, and all-cause mortality were higher in the CS group than the non-CS group (all P < 0.005). For patients with CS, stroke history was a predictor of recurrent MI (P = 0.036). CS, age, SYNTAX score, and diabetes were predictors of CV mortality (all P < 0.05). CS, age, SYNTAX score, and stroke history were predictors for all-cause mortality (all P < 0.05). CS, age, and current smoking were predictors for repeated-PCI (all P < 0.05). PMID:28251160

  14. Robotic-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention--filling an unmet need.

    PubMed

    Carrozza, Joseph P

    2012-02-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has undergone a remarkable evolution over the past 25 years. Initially, the procedure was limited to relatively straightforward lesions and was associated with significant risk and unpredictable long-term efficacy. With the incorporation of new technologies such as stents, the safety and efficacy of the procedure has improved dramatically. However, the fundamental way in which the procedure is performed has changed little since the time of Gruntzig's first successful case. Cumulative exposure to ionizing radiation, orthopedic injuries resulting from wearing shielding aprons, and fatigue from standing for hours at the table have made the catheterization laboratory a "high-risk workplace" for the interventional cardiologist. Robotic-assisted PCI was developed to allow the operator to precisely manipulate angioplasty guidewires, balloons, and stents from a radiation-shielded cockpit. A small first-in-man study demonstrated that PCI can be performed with robotic assistance. The pivotal Percutaneous Robotically Enhanced Coronary Intervention Study trial is currently enrolling patients and evaluating the safety and efficacy of the CorPath® robotically assisted PCI system.

  15. Post-cardiac injury syndrome: an atypical case following percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Paiardi, Silvia; Cannata, Francesco; Ciccarelli, Michele; Voza, Antonio

    2017-12-01

    Post-cardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) is a syndrome characterized by pericardial and/or pleural effusion, triggered by a cardiac injury, usually a myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery, rarely a minor cardiovascular percutaneous procedure. Nowadays, the post-cardiac injury syndrome, is regaining importance and interest as an emerging cause of pericarditis, especially in developed countries, due to a great and continuous increase in the number and complexity of percutaneous cardiologic procedures. The etiopathogenesis seems mediated by the immunitary system producing immune complexes, which deposit in the pericardium and pleura and trigger an inflammatory response. We present the atypical case of a 76-year-old man presenting with a hydro-pneumothorax, low-grade fever and elevated inflammation markers, after two complex percutaneous coronary interventions, executed 30 and 75 days prior. The clinical features of our case are consistent with the diagnostic criteria of PCIS: prior injury of the pericardium and/or myocardium, fever, leucocytosis, elevated inflammatory markers, remarkable steroid responsiveness and latency period. Only one element does not fit with this diagnosis and does not find any further explanation: the air accompanying the pleural effusion, determining a hydro-pneumothorax and requiring a pleural drainage catheter positioning. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Successful percutaneous stenting of a right gastroepiploic coronary bypass graft using monorail delivery system: a case report.

    PubMed

    Alam, M; Safi, A M; Mandawat, M K; Anderson, J E; Kwan, T; Feit, A; Clark, L T

    2000-02-01

    The right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) is being successfully used as an arterial conduit in a selected group of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. However, myocardial ischemia may result due to spasm, occlusion, and stenosis of this graft. The anastamosis site at distal right coronary artery (RCA) or posterior descending artery (PDA) is the most common location for stenosis of an in situ gastroepiploic coronary bypass graft. Balloon angioplasty of such stenoses has been reported with optimal short-term results. Stent deployment would decrease the restenosis rate, so that repeat procedures could be minimized for these technically challenging lesions. We describe a case of successful deployment of a stent with monorail delivery system at the anastamotic site stenosis of an in situ gastroepiploic right coronary artery bypass graft. This percutaneous coronary intervention could prevent redo coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Cathet. Cardiovasc. Intervent. 49:197-199, 2000. Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  17. Comparing mortality between coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents in elderly with diabetes and multivessel coronary disease.

    PubMed

    Naito, Ryo; Miyauchi, Katsumi; Konishi, Hirokazu; Tsuboi, Shuta; Ogita, Manabu; Dohi, Tomotaka; Kajimoto, Kan; Kasai, Takatoshi; Tamura, Hiroshi; Okazaki, Shinya; Isoda, Kikuo; Yamamoto, Taira; Amano, Atsushi; Daida, Hiroyuki

    2016-09-01

    Coronary artery disease is a critical issue that requires physicians to consider appropriate treatment strategies, especially for elderly people who tend to have several comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus (DM) and multivessel disease (MVD). Several studies have been conducted comparing clinical outcomes between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in patients with DM and MVD. However, elderly people were excluded in those clinical studies. Therefore, there are no comparisons of clinical outcomes between CABG and PCI in elderly patients with DM and MVD. We compared all-cause mortality between PCI with drug-eluting stents (DES) and CABG in elderly patients with DM and MVD. A total of 483 (PCI; n = 256, CABG; n = 227) patients were analyzed. The median follow-up period was 1356 days (interquartile range of 810-1884). The all-cause mortality rate was not significantly different between CABG and PCI with DES groups. The CABG group had more patients with complex coronary lesions such as three-vessel disease or a left main trunk lesion. Older age, hemodialysis, and reduced LVEF were associated with increased long-term all-cause mortality in a multivariable Cox regression analysis. The rate of all-cause mortality was not significantly different between the PCI and CABG groups in elderly patients with DM and MVD in a single-center study.

  18. Effect of calcifediol treatment on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome and percutaneous revascularization.

    PubMed

    Navarro-Valverde, Cristina; Quesada-Gómez, Jose M; Pérez-Cano, Ramón; Fernández-Palacín, Ana; Pastor-Torres, Luis F

    2018-01-03

    Vitamin D deficiency has been consistently linked with cardiovascular diseases. However, results of intervention studies are contradictory. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of treatment with calcifediol (25(OH)D 3 ) on the cardiovascular system of patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome after percutaneous coronary intervention. A prospective study assessing≥60-year-old patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome, coronary artery disease and percutaneous revascularisation. We randomly assigned 41 patients (70.6±6.3 years) into 2 groups: Standard treatment+25(OH)D 3 supplementation or standard treatment alone. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were evaluated at the conclusion of the 3-month follow-up period. 25(OH)D levels were analysed with regard to other relevant analytical variables and coronary disease extent. Basal levels of 25(OH)D≤50nmol/L were associated with multivessel coronary artery disease (RR: 2.6 [CI 95%:1.1-7.1], P=.027) and 25(OH)D≤50nmol/L+parathormone ≥65pg/mL levels correlated with increased risk for MACE (RR: 4 [CI 95%: 1.1-21.8], P=.04]. One MACE was detected in the supplemented group versus five in the control group (P=.66). Among patients with 25(OH)D levels≤50nmol/L at the end of the study, 28.6% had MACE versus 0% among patients with 25(OH)D>50nmol/L (RR: 1,4; P=.037). Vitamin D deficiency plus secondary hyperparathyroidism may be an effective predictor of MACE. A trend throughout the follow up period towards a reduction in MACE among patients supplemented with 25(OH)D 3 was detected. 25(OH)D levels≤50nmol/L at the end of the intervention period were significantly associated with an increased number of MACE, hence, 25(OH)D level normalisation could improve cardiovascular health in addition to bone health. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U.

  19. Percutaneous management of coronary sinus atrial septal defect: two cases representing the spectrum for device closure and a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Sandeep, Nefthi; Slack, Michael C

    2014-10-01

    Coronary sinus atrial septal defects are the rarest defects of the atrial septum comprising <1% of the five different types of atrial septal defects. Despite the widespread adoption of percutaneous device closure of secundum atrial septal defects, the published experience with percutaneous device closure of coronary sinus atrial septal defects is limited to only a few isolated case reports because of uncertainty regarding safety and efficacy. Open-heart surgical repair remains the treatment of choice for coronary sinus atrial septal defects, although this may not be the only treatment option in selected cases. Herein we describe our own experience with two patients with different clinical presentations and our method of successful percutaneous coronary sinus atrial septal defect closure in each. We then present a review of the anatomic spectrum of coronary sinus atrial septal defects along with a review of contemporary surgical and percutaneous device treatment.

  20. Percutaneous coronary intervention vs coronary artery bypass grafting for left main coronary artery disease? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Sharan P; Dahal, Khagendra; Khatra, Jaspreet; Rosenfeld, Alan; Lee, Juyong

    2017-06-01

    It is not clear whether percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is as effective and safe as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for left main coronary artery disease. We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared PCI and CABG in left main coronary disease. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, Scopus and relevant references for RCTs (inception through, November 20, 2016 without language restrictions) and performed meta-analysis using random-effects model. All-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, revascularization rate, stroke, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were the measured outcomes. Six RCTs with a total population of 4700 were analyzed. There was no difference in all-cause mortality at 30-day, one-year, and five-year (1.8% vs 1.1%; OR 0.60; 95% CI: 0.26-1.39; P=.23; I 2 =9%) follow-up between PCI and CABG. CABG group had less myocardial infarction (MI) at five-year follow-up than PCI (5% vs 2.5%; OR 2.04; CI: 1.30-3.19; P=.002; I 2 =1%). Revascularization rate favored CABG in one-year (8.6% vs 4.5%; OR 2; CI: 1.46-2.73; P<.0001; I 2 =45%) and five-year (15.9% vs 9.9%; OR 1.73; CI: 1.36-2.20; P<.0001; I 2 =0%) follow-up. Although stroke rate was lower in PCI group at 1 year, there was no difference in longer follow-up. MACCE at 5 years favored CABG (24% vs 18%; OR 1.45; CI: 1.19-1.76; P=.0001; I 2 =0%). On subgroup analysis, MACCE were not different between two groups in low-to-intermediate SYNTAX group while it was higher for PCI group with high SYNTAX group. Percutaneous coronary intervention could be as safe and effective as CABG in a select group of left main coronary artery disease patients. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. The role of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in heart transplant recipients.

    PubMed

    Schnetzler, B; Drobinski, G; Dorent, R; Camproux, A C; Ghossoub, J; Thomas, D; Gandjbakhch, I

    2000-06-01

    Review the acute and late results of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in heart transplant recipients and examine the factors predictive of restenosis. Coronary graft disease (CGD) is the main factor responsible for late graft loss. Medical treatment, surgical revascularization, or retransplantation gives only suboptimal results in this regard. Therefore, PTCA has been attempted in this situation. More than 332 heart transplantations in our institution have been performed since 1992, the date of the first PTCA in our patients. We are currently in charge of 450 patients. All the characteristics, procedure-related information, and clinical outcome of patients needing PTCA were assessed by review of each patient's clinical records. All coronary angiograms were reviewed by an independent cardiologist. Since 1992, 53 coronary sites have been dilated in the course of 39 procedures in 29 patients. Indication for PTCA was asymptomatic angiographic coronary graft disease in 35 sites (64.8%), angina in 9 (16.6%), silent ischemia in 2 (3.7%), acute myocardial infarction in 1 (1.8%), and CHF in 7 (12.9%). Primary success (< 50% residual stenosis) was obtained in 50 (94.3%) of 53 lesions. No periprocedural death occurred. Procedural complications were 1 transient acute renal failure and 1 persistent bleeding at the puncture site. Six months restenosis rate (defined as percent stenosis > 50%) was 32.5% (14/43). Mean follow-up was 1.27 year +/- 1.2 (SD). Five deaths (17. 2%) occurred in follow-up and were all in relation to coronary graft disease. Mean time separating PTCA from death was 0.9 year +/- 1.3 (SD). We also sought to look at factors predictive of restenosis. By multivariate analysis, a positive recipient's serology for cytomegalovirus (CMV) before the graft was the only factor found protective against restenosis (odds ratio 22.4; confidence interval 1.1 to 443.4). PTCA in heart transplant recipients allows a high level of primary success with a low

  2. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Is More Beneficial Than Optimal Medical Therapy in Elderly Patients with Angina Pectoris.

    PubMed

    Won, Hoyoun; Her, Ae Young; Kim, Byeong Keuk; Kim, Yong Hoon; Shin, Dong Ho; Kim, Jung Sun; Ko, Young Guk; Choi, Donghoon; Kwon, Hyuck Moon; Jang, Yangsoo; Hong, Myeong Ki

    2016-03-01

    Data comparing the clinical benefits of medical treatment with those of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an elderly population with angina pectoris are limited. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy of elective PCI versus optimal medical treatment (OMT) in elderly patients (between 75 and 84 years old) with angina pectoris. One hundred seventy-seven patients with significant coronary artery stenosis were randomly assigned to either the PCI group (n=90) or the OMT group (n=87). The primary outcome was a composite of major adverse events in the 1-year follow-up period that included cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, and stroke. Major adverse events occurred in 5 patients (5.6%) of the PCI group and in 17 patents (19.5%) of the OMT group (p=0.015). There were no significant differences between the PCI group and the OMT group in cardiac death [hazard ratio (HR) for the PCI group 0.454; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.041-5.019, p=0.520], myocardial infarction (HR 0.399; 95% CI 0.039-4.050, p=0.437), or stroke (HR 0.919; 95% CI 0.057-14.709, p=0.952). However, the PCI group showed a significant preventive effect of the composite of major adverse events (HR 0.288; 95% CI 0.106-0.785, p=0.015) and against the need for coronary revascularization (HR 0.157; 95% CI 0.035-0.703, p=0.016). Elective PCI reduced major adverse events and was found to be an effective treatment modality in elderly patients with angina pectoris and significant coronary artery stenosis, compared to OMT.

  3. Percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with severe aortic stenosis: implications for transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

    PubMed

    Goel, Sachin S; Agarwal, Shikhar; Tuzcu, E Murat; Ellis, Stephen G; Svensson, Lars G; Zaman, Tarique; Bajaj, Navkaranbir; Joseph, Lee; Patel, Neil S; Aksoy, Olcay; Stewart, William J; Griffin, Brian P; Kapadia, Samir R

    2012-02-28

    With the availability of transcatheter aortic valve replacement, management of coronary artery disease in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) is posing challenges. Outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with severe AS and coronary artery disease remain unknown. We sought to compare the short-term outcomes of PCI in patients with and without AS. From our PCI database, we identified 254 patients with severe AS who underwent PCI between 1998 and 2008. Using propensity matching, we found 508 patients without AS who underwent PCI in the same period. The primary end point of 30-day mortality after PCI was similar in patients with and without severe AS (4.3% [11 of 254] versus 4.7% [24 of 508]; hazard ratio, 0.93; 95% confidence interval, 0.51-1.69; P=0.2). Patients with low ejection fraction (≤30%) and severe AS had a higher 30-day post-PCI mortality compared with those with an ejection fraction >30% (5.4% [7 of 45] versus 1.2% [4 of 209]; P<0.001). In addition, AS patients with high Society of Thoracic Surgeons score (≥10) had a higher 30-day post-PCI mortality than those with a Society of Thoracic Surgeons score <10 (10.4% [10 of 96] versus 0%; P<0.001). PCI can be performed in patients with severe symptomatic AS and coronary artery disease without an increased risk of short-term mortality compared with propensity-matched patients without AS. Patients with ejection fraction ≤30% and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score ≥10% are at a highest risk of 30-day mortality after PCI. This finding has significant implications in the management of severe coronary artery disease in high-risk severe symptomatic AS patients being considered for transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

  4. The Current Status of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Korea: Based on Year 2014 Cohort of Korean Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (K-PCI) Registry

    PubMed Central

    Jang, Jae-Sik; Han, Kyoo-Rok; Moon, Keon-Woong; Jeon, Dong Woon; Shin, Dong-Ho; Kim, Jung-Sun; Park, Duk-Woo; Kang, Hyun-Jae; Kim, Juhan; Bae, Jang-Whan; Hur, Seung-Ho; Kim, Byung Ok; Choi, Donghoon; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol

    2017-01-01

    Background and Objectives Although several multicenter registries have evaluated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures in Korea, those databases have been limited by non-standardized data collection and lack of uniform reporting methods. We aimed to collect and report data from a standardized database to analyze PCI procedures throughout the country. Materials and Methods Both clinical and procedural data, as well as clinical outcomes data during hospital stay, were collected based on case report forms that used a standard set of 54 data elements. This report is based on 2014 Korean PCI registry cohort data. Results A total of 92 hospitals offered data on 44967 PCI procedures. The median age was 66.0 interquartile range 57.0-74.0 years, and 70.3% were men. Thirty-eight percent of patients presented with acute myocardial infarction and one-third of all PCI procedures were performed in an urgent or emergency setting. Non-invasive stress tests were performed in 13.9% of cases, while coronary computed tomography angiography was used in 13.7% of cases prior to PCI. Radial artery access was used in 56.1% of all PCI procedures. Devices that used PCI included drug-eluting stent, plain old balloon angioplasty, drug-eluting balloon, and bare-metal stent (around 91%, 19%, 6%, and 1% of all procedures, respectively). The incidences of in-hospital death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and stroke were 2.3%, 1.6%, and 0.2%, respectively. Conclusion These data may provide an overview of the current PCI practices and in-hospital outcomes in Korea and could be used as a foundation for developing treatment guidelines and nationwide clinical research. PMID:28567083

  5. The Practice Pattern of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Korea: Based on Year 2014 Cohort of Korean Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (K-PCI) Registry.

    PubMed

    Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol; Jeon, Dong Woon; Kang, Hyun-Jae; Jang, Jae-Sik; Park, Duk-Woo; Shin, Dong-Ho; Moon, Keon-Woong; Kim, Jung-Sun; Kim, Juhan; Bae, Jang-Whan; Hur, Seung-Ho; Kim, Byung Ok; Choi, Donghoon; Han, Kyoo-Rok; Kim, Hyo-Soo

    2017-05-01

    Appropriate use criteria (AUC) was developed to improve the quality of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, these criteria should consider the current practice pattern in the country where they are being applied. The algorithm for the Korean PCI practice pattern (KP3) was developed by modifying the United States-derived AUC in expert consensus meetings. KP3 class A was defined as any strategy with evidence from randomized trials that was more conservative for PCI than medical therapy or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Class C was defined as any strategy with less evidence from randomized trials and more aggressive for PCI than medical therapy or CABG. Class B was defined as a strategy that was partly class A and partly class C. We applied the KP3 classification system to the Korean PCI registry. The KP3 class A was noted in 67.7% of patients, class B in 28.8%, and class C in 3.5%. The median proportion of class C cases per center was 2.0%. The distribution of KP3 classes varied significantly depending on clinical and angiographic characteristics. The proportion of KP3 class C cases per center was not significantly dependent on PCI volume, but rather on the percentage of ACS cases in each center. We report the current PCI practice pattern by applying the new KP3 classification in a nationwide PCI registry. The results should be interpreted carefully with due regard for the complex relationships between the determining variables and the healthcare system in Korea.

  6. The Current Status of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Korea: Based on Year 2014 Cohort of Korean Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (K-PCI) Registry.

    PubMed

    Jang, Jae-Sik; Han, Kyoo-Rok; Moon, Keon-Woong; Jeon, Dong Woon; Shin, Dong-Ho; Kim, Jung-Sun; Park, Duk-Woo; Kang, Hyun-Jae; Kim, Juhan; Bae, Jang-Whan; Hur, Seung-Ho; Kim, Byung Ok; Choi, Donghoon; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol; Kim, Hyo-Soo

    2017-05-01

    Although several multicenter registries have evaluated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures in Korea, those databases have been limited by non-standardized data collection and lack of uniform reporting methods. We aimed to collect and report data from a standardized database to analyze PCI procedures throughout the country. Both clinical and procedural data, as well as clinical outcomes data during hospital stay, were collected based on case report forms that used a standard set of 54 data elements. This report is based on 2014 Korean PCI registry cohort data. A total of 92 hospitals offered data on 44967 PCI procedures. The median age was 66.0 interquartile range 57.0-74.0 years, and 70.3% were men. Thirty-eight percent of patients presented with acute myocardial infarction and one-third of all PCI procedures were performed in an urgent or emergency setting. Non-invasive stress tests were performed in 13.9% of cases, while coronary computed tomography angiography was used in 13.7% of cases prior to PCI. Radial artery access was used in 56.1% of all PCI procedures. Devices that used PCI included drug-eluting stent, plain old balloon angioplasty, drug-eluting balloon, and bare-metal stent (around 91%, 19%, 6%, and 1% of all procedures, respectively). The incidences of in-hospital death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and stroke were 2.3%, 1.6%, and 0.2%, respectively. These data may provide an overview of the current PCI practices and in-hospital outcomes in Korea and could be used as a foundation for developing treatment guidelines and nationwide clinical research.

  7. Gender differences in adverse outcomes after contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention: an analysis from the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium (BMC2) percutaneous coronary intervention registry.

    PubMed

    Duvernoy, Claire S; Smith, Dean E; Manohar, Prerana; Schaefer, Ann; Kline-Rogers, Eva; Share, David; McNamara, Richard; Gurm, Hitinder S; Moscucci, Mauro

    2010-04-01

    Prior studies have shown a relationship between female gender and adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Whether this relationship still exists with contemporary PCI remains to be determined. We evaluated gender differences in clinical outcomes in a large registry of contemporary PCI. Data were prospectively collected from 22,725 consecutive PCIs in a multicenter regional consortium (Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium) between January 2002 and December 2003. The primary end point was in-hospital all-cause mortality; other clinical outcomes evaluated included in-hospital death, vascular complications, transfusion, postprocedure myocardial infarction, stroke, and a combined major cardiovascular adverse event (MACE) end point including myocardial infarction, death, stroke, emergency coronary artery bypass grafting, and repeated PCI at the same site. Independent predictors of adverse outcomes were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Compared with men, women were older, had a higher prevalence of comorbidities, and had a significantly higher frequency of adverse outcomes after PCI. After adjustment for baseline demographics, comorbidities, clinical presentation, and lesion characteristics, female gender was associated with an increased risk of in-hospital death, vascular complication, blood transfusion, stroke, and MACE. The relationship between female gender and increased risk of death and MACE was no longer present after further adjustment for kidney function and low body surface area. Differences in mortality rates between men and women no longer exist after PCI. However, our data suggest that technological advancements have not completely offset the relationship between gender and adverse outcomes after PCI. Copyright 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Acute Kidney Injury and In-Hospital Mortality after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Nationwide Study.

    PubMed

    Shen, Wen; Aguilar, Rodrigo; Montero, Alex R; Fernandez, Stephen J; Taylor, Allen J; Wilcox, Christopher S; Lipkowitz, Michael S; Umans, Jason G

    2017-01-01

    Post-procedural acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significantly increased short- and long-term mortalities, and renal loss. Few studies have compared the incidence of post-procedural AKI and in-hospital mortality between 2 major modalities of revascularization - coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) - and results have been inconsistent. We generated a propensity score-matched cohort that includes a total of 286,670 hospitalizations with multi-vessel coronary disease undergoing CABG or PCI (2004-2012) from the National Inpatient Sample database. We compared incidence of AKI, AKI requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT), in-hospital mortality, hospital stay, and charges between CABG and PCI groups. The incidence of AKI after CABG was higher than PCI (8.9 vs. 4.5%, OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.99-2.12, p < 0.001). The incidence of AKI requiring RRT was also higher after CABG (1.1 vs. 0.5%, OR 2.14, 95% CI 1.96-2.34, p < 0.001). Likewise, in-hospital mortality was higher after CABG than PCI (2.0 vs. 1.4%, OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.35-1.52, p < 0.001). Among patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (stages I-IV), those undergoing CABG was associated with 2.0-2.3-fold higher odds of developing AKI than those undergoing PCI. The patients treated with CABG had a significantly longer hospital stay and higher hospital charges. Patients undergoing CABG are associated with (1) increased risk of developing post-procedural AKI, (2) higher likelihood of receiving RRT, and (3) worse short-term survival. Long-term renal outcome remains to be studied. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  9. The relationship of coronary flow to neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Yuksel, Serkan; Gulel, Okan; Erbay, Ali Riza; Meric, Murat; Zengin, Halit; Museyibov, Muhtar; Yasar, Erdogan; Demircan, Sabri

    2013-01-01

    Purpose It has been known that inflammatory mechanisms play an important role in the coronary artery disease. Our aim in this study was to investigate the relationship between the neutrophil/lymphocyte (N/L) ratio and coronary flow velocity after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods Two hundred and ten patients who had undergone primary PCI were included. The coronary flow velocities were evaluated using the recorded PCI procedures by Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grades and corrected TIMI frame counts (cTFC) values. A value of >40 for the final cTFC was accepted as an index of insufficient coronary blood flow. The white blood cell subtypes and counts were determined in the blood samples obtained at the clinics. Results In 165 (78%) of the investigated patients, reperfusion was found to be sufficient (Group I) while in 45 (22%) of them (Group II) insufficient reperfusion was observed (Group II). In-hospital mortality was 7.2% (n=12) in Group I, whereas it was 17.7% (n=8) in Group II (P=0.033). Similarly, one-year mortality was higher in Group II (26.6%, n=12) than in Group I (13.3%, n=22) (P=0.031). N/L ratio was determined to be higher in Group I than in Group II (8.3±6.1 vs. 6.2±5.0; P=0.034). Also, N/L ratio was found as an independent predictor of severe no-reflow development (TIMI 0-1) and of one-year mortality (P=0.01 and P=0.047, respectively). Conclusions N/L ratio has been found to be an independent indicator for no-reflow development in patients who have undergone PCI for acute STEMI. This simple and low-cost parameter can provide useful information for the relevant risk evaluation in these patients. PMID:23825756

  10. [Initial experience of percutaneous coronary intervention guided by computed tomography coronary angiography derived roadmap and magnetic navigation system].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Qiu; Kong, De-yu; Li, Chun-jian; Chen, Bo; Jia, En-zhi; Chen, Lei-Lei; Jia, Qing-zhe; Dai, Zhen-hua; Zhu, Tian-tian; Chen, Jun; Liu, Jie; Zhu, Tie-bing; Yang, Zhi-jian; Cao, Ke-jiang

    2013-02-01

    To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)guided by computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography derived roadmap and magnetic navigation system (MNS). During June 2011 and May 2012, thirty consecutive patients receiving elective PCI were enrolled, coronary artery disease was primarily diagnosed by dual-source CT coronary angiography (DSCT-CA) at outpatient clinic and successively proved by coronary artery angiography in the hospital. Target vessels from pre-procedure DSCT-CA were transferred to the magnetic navigation system, and consequently edited, reconstructed, and projected onto the live fluoroscopic screen as roadmap. Parameters including characters of the target lesions, time, contrast volume, radiation dosage for guidewire crossing, and complications of the procedure were recorded. Thirty patients with 36 lesions were recruited and intervened by PCI. Among the target lesions, sixteen were classified as type A, 11 as type B1, 8 as type B2, 1 as type C. The average length of the target lesions was (22.0 ± 9.8) mm, and the average stenosis of the target lesions was (81.3 ± 10.3)%. Under the guidance of CT roadmap and MNS, 36 target lesions were crossed by the magnetic guidewires, with a lesion crossing ratio of 100%. The time of placement of the magnetic guidewires was 92.5 (56.6 - 131.3) seconds. The contrast volume and the radiation dosage for guidewire placement were 0.0 (0.0 - 3.0) ml and 235.0 (123.5 - 395.1) µGym(2)/36.5 (21.3 - 67.8) mGy, respectively. Guidewires were successfully placed in 21 (58.3%) lesions without contrast agent. All enrolled vessels were successfully treated, and there were no MNS associated complications. It is feasible, effective and safe to initiate PCI under the guidance of CT derived roadmap and MNS. This method might be helpful for the guidewire placement in the treatment of total occlusions.

  11. Triple anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention – real life assessment

    PubMed Central

    Kabłak-Ziembicka, Anna; Bryniarski, Krzysztof; Wrotniak, Leszek; Ostrowska-Kaim, Elżbieta; Żmudka, Krzysztof; Przewłocki, Tadeusz

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Triple anticoagulation therapy (TT), comprising dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and oral anticoagulation (OAC), is essential in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but it increases the bleeding risk. Aim To assess TT models, in- and out-hospital bleeding and thromboembolic complications, and TT alterations. Material and methods During 12 months, consecutive AF post-PCI patients were scheduled for TT. Alterations in TT and thromboembolic events (death, myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, in-stent thrombosis, peripheral embolization) were recorded. Major, non-major and minor bleeding episodes were assessed. Results One hundred and thirty-six out of 3171 patients, aged 73.0 ±8.4 years (90 male), were included. Intra-hospitally, thrombotic events occurred in 9 (6.6%), while bleeding events occurred in 71 (52.2%) patients. Access-site hematoma and blood transfusions during in-hospital stay predisposed physicians to heparin administration as part of TT on discharge (p = 0.018 and p = 0.033 respectively). Eventually, DAPT plus warfarin or plus novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC) or plus low molecular weight heparin was prescribed in 72 (52.9%), 53 (39%), and 11 (8.1%) patients, respectively. HAS-BLED and CHA2DS2-VASc scores were similar between subgroups (p = 0.63 and p = 0.64 respectively). During 10.2 ±4.2 months of follow-up, 11 (8.1%) deaths, and 9 (6.6%) non-fatal thromboembolic events occurred. Bleeding events occurred in 45 (34.6%) patients, including 14 (10.3%) major. TT was the only factor associated with increased risk of major bleeding (18.6% vs. 4.2%, p = 0.008). Early termination of any TT component, which concerned 59 (45.4%) patients, did not increase the risk of thromboembolic events (p = 0.89). Conclusions Our study indicates that TT is associated with high mortality and bleeding rates in a relatively short period of time. Discontinuation of any TT drug did not increase the thromboembolic event

  12. Prognostic Value of Real Time Myocardial Contrast Echocardiography after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Yang, Lixia; Xia, Chunmei; Mu, Yuming; Guan, Lina; Wang, Chunmei; Tang, Qi; Verocai, Flavia Gomes; Fonseca, Lea Mirian Barbosa da; Shih, Ming Chi

    2016-03-01

    Real time myocardial contrast echocardiography (RTMCE) is a cost-effective and simple method to quantify coronary flow reserve (CFR). We aimed to determine the value of RTMCE to predict cardiac events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We have studied myocardial blood volume (A), velocity (β), flow indexes (MBF, A × β), and vasodilator reserve (stress-to-rest ratios) in 36 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent PCI. CFR (MBF at stress/MBF at rest) was calculated for each patient. Perfusion scores were used for visual interpretation by MCE and correlation with TIMI flow grade. In qualitative RTMCE assessment, post-PCI visual perfusion scores were higher than pre-PCI (Z = -7.26, P < 0.01). Among 271 arteries with TIMI flow grade 3 post-PCI, 72 (36%) did not reach visual perfusion score 1. The β- and A × β-reserve of the abnormal segments supplied by obstructed arteries increased after PCI comparing to pre-PCI values (P < 0.01). Patients with adverse cardiac events had significantly lower β- and lower A × β-reserve than patients without adverse cardiac events. In the former group, the CFR was ≥ 1.5 both pre- and post-PCI. CFR estimation by RTMCE can quantify myocardial perfusion in patients with ACS who underwent PCI. The parameters β-reserve and CFR combined might predict cardiac events on the follow-up. © 2015, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Increased pulse wave transit time after percutaneous coronary intervention procedure in CAD patients.

    PubMed

    Ji, Lizhen; Liu, Chengyu; Li, Peng; Wang, Xinpei; Liu, Changchun; Hou, Yinglong

    2018-01-08

    Pulse wave transit time (PWTT) has been widely used as an index in assessing arterial stiffness. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is usually applied to the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). Research on the changes in PWTT caused by PCI is helpful for understanding the impact of the PCI procedure. In addition, effects of stent sites and access sites on the changes in PWTT have not been explored. Consequently, this study aimed to provide this information. The results showed that PWTT significantly increased after PCI (p < 0.01) while the standard deviation (SD) of PWTT time series had no statistically significant changes (p = 0.60) between before and after PCI. Significantly increased PWTT was found in the radial access group (p < 0.01), while there were no significant changes in the femoral access group (p > 0.4). Additionally, PWTT in the left anterior descending (LAD) group significantly increased after PCI (p < 0.01), but the increase that was found in the right coronary artery (RCA) group was not significant (p > 0.1). Our study indicates that arterial elasticity and left ventricular functions can benefit from a successful PCI procedure, and the increase of peripheral PWTT after PCI can help to better understand the effectiveness of the procedure.

  14. Factors associated with self-care agency in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Saeidzadeh, Seyedehtanaz; Darvishpoor Kakhki, Ali; Abed Saeedi, Jila

    2016-11-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the factors associated with self-care agency in postpercutaneous coronary intervention patients. Patients after percutaneous coronary intervention need to perform self-care to reduce the side effects and increase the quality of life. Self-care agency is considered to be an important factor in guaranteeing self-care actions. In this descriptive study a total number of 300 postpercutaneous coronary intervention patients participated. Data were collected from the four hospitals affiliated with Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Iran between February-May 2015. The data were gathered using demographic and basic conditioning factors questionnaire and appraisal of self-care agency scale. Data analysis was performed by anova and t-test. The mean age of the participants was 62·10 ± (8·14), which included 52·7% men and 47·3% women. Most patients (72%) had good level of self-care agency. Self-care agency had higher level in married and higher income patients. Self-care agency is influenced by economic and marital situation. Identifying factors associated with self-care agency can help healthcare professionals to consider these factors in self-care planning. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Periprocedural myocardial infarction during percutaneous coronary intervention in an academic tertiary centre in Johannesburg.

    PubMed

    Tsabedze, Nqoba; McCutcheon, Keir; Mkhwanazi, Lancelot; Garda, Riaz; Vachiat, Ahmed; Ramjee, Rohan; Moosa, Jameel; Maluleke, Themba; Mukeshimana, Gloria; Karolia, Saffiyyah; Mpanya, Dineo; Manga, Pravin

    2017-03-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is effective therapy for significant atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Despite medical and technological advances in PCI, periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) remains a common complication. The frequency and factors associated with PMI have been well investigated in the developed world, yet there is a paucity of data from the developing world, especially Sub-Saharan Africa. We prospectively enrolled 153 adult patients undergoing PCI at the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital from the 1st of February 2014 to 31st October 2014. Periprocedural Creatinine Kinase-MB and hs-Troponin I were routinely measured before PCI and at 16-24h post-procedure. The third universal definition of myocardial infarction was used to define a PMI event. 152 participants met the inclusion criteria and were analysed for PMI. 70.4% participants were male. The mean age was 58.8 (SD 10.9) years old. Sixteen (10.5%) participants fulfilled the criteria for PMI. Side branch pinching with preserved TIMI III flow was noted in 62.5% of PMI cases. Duration of procedure (P=0.007), right coronary artery intervention (p=0.042) and total stent length (p=0.045) were independently associated with PMI. PMI occurred in 10.5% of cases undergoing PCI. This is consistent with the prevalence of PMI internationally. Larger multicentre studies are required in our demographic region to further define relevant predictors and outcomes associated with PMI. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Effects of metoprolol therapy on cardiac troponin-I levels after elective percutaneous coronary interventions.

    PubMed

    Atar, Ilyas; Korkmaz, Mehmet Emin; Atar, Inci Asli; Gulmez, Oyku; Ozin, Bulent; Bozbas, Huseyin; Erol, Tansel; Aydinalp, Alp; Yildirir, Aylin; Yucel, Muammer; Muderrisoglu, Haldun

    2006-03-01

    Beta-blockers (BBs) have been shown to improve survival and reduce the risk of re-infarction in patients following myocardial infarction. There are conflicting data about the effects of BB therapy on cardiac biomarkers after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of BB use on cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) levels in patients who had undergone elective PCI. In this prospective study, 287 patients with coronary artery disease were included. Patients were randomized either to BB or control groups prior to the intervention. Blood samples for cTnI were obtained before and at 6, 24, and 36 h after the procedure. Of the 287 patients included, 143 received metoprolol succinate 100 mg/day, and 144 received no BB and served as the control group. Baseline clinical characteristics of both groups, except for history of coronary artery bypass graft surgery, were similar. We observed no significant difference in the elevation of cTnI levels between the two groups after PCI (BB group, 17 patients, 11.9%; control group, 10 patients, 6.9%; P=0.2). Metoprolol succinate therapy seems to have no cardioprotective effect in limiting troponin-I rise after PCI.

  17. Randomized comparison of percutaneous coronary intervention with coronary artery bypass grafting in diabetic patients. 1-year results of the CARDia (Coronary Artery Revascularization in Diabetes) trial.

    PubMed

    Kapur, Akhil; Hall, Roger J; Malik, Iqbal S; Qureshi, Ayesha C; Butts, Jeremy; de Belder, Mark; Baumbach, Andreas; Angelini, Gianni; de Belder, Adam; Oldroyd, Keith G; Flather, Marcus; Roughton, Michael; Nihoyannopoulos, Petros; Bagger, Jens Peder; Morgan, Kenneth; Beatt, Kevin J

    2010-02-02

    The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting against coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with diabetes and symptomatic multivessel coronary artery disease. CABG is the established method of revascularization in patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary disease, but with advances in PCI, there is uncertainty whether CABG remains the preferred method of revascularization. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke, and the main secondary outcome included the addition of repeat revascularization to the primary outcome events. A total of 510 diabetic patients with multivessel or complex single-vessel coronary disease from 24 centers were randomized to PCI plus stenting (and routine abciximab) or CABG. The primary comparison used a noninferiority method with the upper boundary of the 95% confidence interval (CI) not to exceed 1.3 to declare PCI noninferior. Bare-metal stents were used initially, but a switch to Cypher (sirolimus drug-eluting) stents (Cordis, Johnson & Johnson, Bridgewater, New Jersey) was made when these became available. At 1 year of follow-up, the composite rate of death, MI, and stroke was 10.5% in the CABG group and 13.0% in the PCI group (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.25, 95% CI: 0.75 to 2.09; p=0.39), all-cause mortality rates were 3.2% and 3.2%, and the rates of death, MI, stroke, or repeat revascularization were 11.3% and 19.3% (HR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.11 to 2.82; p=0.02), respectively. When the patients who underwent CABG were compared with the subset of patients who received drug-eluting stents (69% of patients), the primary outcome rates were 12.4% and 11.6% (HR: 0.93, 95% CI: 0.51 to 1.71; p=0.82), respectively. The CARDia (Coronary Artery Revascularization in Diabetes) trial is the first randomized trial of coronary revascularization in diabetic patients, but the 1-year results did not show that PCI

  18. Three-year outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with heart failure: from the CREDO-Kyoto percutaneous coronary intervention/coronary artery bypass graft registry cohort-2†.

    PubMed

    Marui, Akira; Kimura, Takeshi; Nishiwaki, Noboru; Komiya, Tatsuhiko; Hanyu, Michiya; Shiomi, Hiroki; Tanaka, Shiro; Sakata, Ryuzo

    2015-02-01

    Ischaemic heart disease is a major risk factor for heart failure. However, long-term benefit of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in those patients has not been well elucidated. Of the 15 939 patients undergoing first myocardial revascularization enrolled in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2, we identified 1064 patients with multivessel and/or left main disease with a history of heart failure (ACC/AHA Stage C or D). There were 672 patients undergoing PCI and 392 CABG. Preprocedural left ventricular ejection fraction was not different between PCI and CABG (46.6 ± 15.1 vs 46.6 ± 14.6%, P = 0.89), but the CABG group included more patients with triple-vessel and left main disease (P < 0.01 each). Three-year outcomes revealed that the risk of hospital readmission for heart failure was higher after PCI than after CABG (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]; 1.90 [1.18-3.05], P = 0.01). More importantly, adjusted mortality after PCI was significantly higher than after CABG (1.79 [1.13-2.82], P = 0.01). The risk of cardiac death after PCI was also higher than after CABG (1.98 [1.10-3.55], P = 0.02). Stratified analysis using the SYNTAX score demonstrated that risk of death was not different between PCI and CABG in patients with low (<23) and intermediate (23-32) SYNTAX scores (2.10 [0.57-7.68], P = 0.26 and 1.43 [0.63-3.21], P = 0.39, respectively), whereas those with a high (≥ 33) SYNTAX score, the risk of death was far higher after PCI than after CABG (4.83 [1.46-16.0], P = 0.01). In patients with heart failure with advanced coronary artery disease, CABG was a better option than PCI because CABG was associated with better survival benefit, particularly in more complex coronary lesions stratified by the SYNTAX score. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  19. The effect of sex counselling in the sexual activity of acute myocardial infarction patients after primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Xu, Feng; Ming, Qiang; Hou, Lei

    2015-08-01

    Primary percutaneous coronary intervention has improved the outcome of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. Counsel-guided sex rehabilitation efficacy in acute myocardial infarction patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention remains unknown. The aim of the study was to study counsel-guided sex rehabilitation efficacy in AMI patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention. 240 AMI patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention were randomly divided into a control and a counselling group. Control group patients were given written sex rehabilitation instruction before discharge, while counselling group patients were given written instruction before discharge and monthly counselling with healthcare providers. Before discharge, the first evaluation was performed for frequency of and satisfaction with sexual activity before AMI. At one year of follow-up, the time of resuming, frequency of and satisfaction with sexual activity was evaluated. The main adverse event rates were also investigated. No significant differences in age, sex, smoking status, hypertension, diabetes, PVD (peripheral vascular disease), EF (ejection fraction) or GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) score were found between the groups. Both groups suffered reduced frequency of and satisfaction with sexual activity after AMI as compared with prior to presentation with AMI. However, compared with controls, the counselling group had higher scores for frequency of and satisfaction with sexual activity after AMI. The time to resume sexual activity after AMI in the counselling group was significantly shorter than was found for the control group.There were no significant differences between the groups for recurrent AMI, non-fatal stroke, admitting the patient for angina, all-cause death or adverse events. Intermittent discussions between healthcare providers and AMI patients improved resumption of sexual activity. Encouraging patients who received complete coronary

  20. Management of Chronic Total Coronary Occlusion in Stable Ischemic Heart Disease by Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Versus Medical Therapy.

    PubMed

    Shuvy, Mony; Qiu, Feng; Chee-A-Tow, Alyssandra; Graham, John J; Abuzeid, Wael; Buller, Christopher; Strauss, Bradley H; Wijeysundera, Harindra C

    2017-09-01

    Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are found in approximately 20% of angiograms. We sought to assess the variation in the management of patients with CTOs and to compare the clinical outcomes of CTO lesions with those of non-CTO lesions. We conducted a population-based cohort study and included all patients with stable angina who underwent cardiac catheterization from October 1, 2012, to June 30, 2013, in Ontario, Canada. The primary outcome was a composite of mortality and hospitalization for myocardial infarction. A total of 7,864 patients were included, of whom 2,279 (29%) had a CTO. There were substantial differences in revascularization rates for patients with CTOs across hospitals in Ontario (44.9% to 94.1%). Revascularization was associated with improved outcomes in the overall cohort. Although the advantage of coronary artery bypass grafting over medical therapy was consistent in both patients with CTOs and patients without CTOs, the benefit of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was limited to patients without CTOs (hazard ratio 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.40- to 0.78), with no difference in patients with CTOs. The CTO lesion, however, was revascularized in few of the PCI cases (41.1%), with PCI limited to the non-CTO lesion in most patients. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Impact of Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization of Severe Coronary Lesions on Secondary Branches.

    PubMed

    Cano-García, Macarena; Millán-Gómez, Mercedes; Sánchez-González, Carlos; Alonso-Briales, Juan H; Muñoz-Jiménez, Luz D; Carrasco-Chinchilla, Fernando; Domínguez-Franco, Antonio; Muñoz-García, Antonio J; Bullones-Ramírez, Juan A; Álvarez-Rubiera, Jesús M; de Mora-Martín, Manuel; de Teresa-Galván, Eduardo; Hernández-García, José M; Urbano-Carrillo, Cristóbal A; Jiménez-Navarro, Manuel F

    2018-05-30

    To analyze the percutaneous revascularization strategy for severe lesions in the secondary branches (SB) (diameter ≥ 2mm) of major epicardial arteries compared with conservative treatment. This study analyzed patients with severe SB lesions who underwent percutaneous revascularization treatment compared with patients who received pharmacological treatment. The study examined the percentage of branch-related events (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction attributable to SB, or the need for revascularization of the SB). We analyzed 679 SB lesions (662 patients). After a mean follow-up of 22.2±10.5 months, there were no significant differences between the 2 treatment groups regarding the percentage of death from cardiovascular causes (1.7% vs 0.4%; P=.14), nonfatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (1.7% vs 1.7%; P=.96), the need for SB revascularization (4.1% vs 5.4%; P=.45) or in the total percentage of events (5.1% vs 6.3%; P=.54). The variables showing an association with event occurrence on multivariate analysis were diabetes (SHR, 2.87; 95%CI, 1.37-5.47; P=.004), prior AMI (SHR, 3.54; 95%CI, 1.77-7.30; P<.0001), SB reference diameter (SHR, 0.16; 95%CI, 0.03-0.97; P=.047), and lesion length (SHR, 3.77; 95%CI, 1.03-1.13; P<.0001). These results remained the same after the propensity score analysis. The percentage of SB-related events during follow-up is low, with no significant differences between the 2 treatment strategies. The variables associated with event occurrence in the multivariate analysis were the presence of diabetes mellitus, prior AMI, and greater lesion length. Copyright © 2018 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  2. Determinants and Outcomes of Stroke Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention by Indication.

    PubMed

    Myint, Phyo Kyaw; Kwok, Chun Shing; Roffe, Christine; Kontopantelis, Evangelos; Zaman, Azfar; Berry, Colin; Ludman, Peter F; de Belder, Mark A; Mamas, Mamas A

    2016-06-01

    Stroke after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a serious complication, but its determinants and outcomes after PCI in different clinical settings are poorly documented. The British Cardiovascular Intervention Society (BCIS) database was used to study 560 439 patients who underwent PCI in England and Wales between 2006 and 2013. We examined procedural-type specific determinants of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke and the likelihood of subsequent 30-day mortality and in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (a composite of in-hospital mortality, myocardial infarction or reinfarction, and repeat revascularization). A total of 705 stroke cases were recorded (80% ischemic). Stroke after an elective PCI or PCI for acute coronary syndrome indications was associated with a higher risk of adverse outcomes compared with those without stroke; 30-day mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events outcomes in fully adjusted model were odds ratios 37.90 (21.43-67.05) and 21.05 (13.25-33.44) for elective and 5.00 (3.96-6.31) and 6.25 (5.03-7.77) for acute coronary syndrome, respectively. Comparison of odds of these outcomes between these 2 settings showed no differences; corresponding odds ratios were 1.24 (0.64-2.43) and 0.63 (0.35-1.15), respectively. Hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke complications are uncommon, but serious complications can occur after PCI and are independently associated with worse mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events outcomes in both the elective and acute coronary syndrome setting irrespective of stroke type. Our study provides a better understanding of the risk factors and prognosis of stroke after PCI by procedure type, allowing physicians to provide more informed advice around stroke risk after PCI and counsel patients and their families around outcomes if such neurological complications occur. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  3. Frequency of Angina Pectoris After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and the Effect of Metallic Stent Type.

    PubMed

    Gaglia, Michael A; Torguson, Rebecca; Lipinski, Michael J; Gai, Jiaxiang; Koifman, Edward; Kiramijyan, Sarkis; Negi, Smita; Rogers, Toby; Steinvil, Arie; Suddath, William O; Satler, Lowell F; Pichard, Augusto D; Waksman, Ron

    2016-02-15

    Although metallic coronary stents significantly reduce angina pectoris compared with optimal medical therapy, angina after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains frequent. We, therefore, sought to compare the incidence of any angina during the 1 year after PCI among the spectrum of commercially available metallic stents. Metallic stent type was classified as bare metal stent, Cypher, Taxus Express, Xience V, Promus Element, and Resolute. The primary end point was patient-reported angina within 1 year of PCI. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to assess the independent association of stent type with any angina at 1 year. Overall, 8,804 patients were queried in regard to angina symptoms; 32.3% experienced angina at some point in the first year after PCI. Major adverse cardiovascular events, a composite of all-cause mortality, target vessel revascularization, and Q-wave myocardial infarction, increased with angina severity: 6.8% for patients without angina, 10.0% for patients with class 1 or 2 angina, and 19.7% for patients with class 3 or 4 angina (p <0.001 for trend). After multivariable adjustment, there was no significant association between stent type and angina at 1 year after PCI. Baseline Canadian Cardiovascular Society class 3 or 4 angina, history of coronary artery bypass grafting, and history of PCI were associated with a higher likelihood of angina at 1 year; increasing age, male gender, presentation with acute coronary syndrome, and higher stented length were associated with less angina. In conclusion, metallic stent type is not associated with the occurrence of angina at up to 1 year after PCI. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Percutaneous coronary intervention in Thammasat University Hospital: the first three-year experience.

    PubMed

    Piyayotai, Dilok; Hutayanon, Pisit

    2010-12-01

    To study the results of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and in-hospital outcomes in cardiac catheterization laboratory, Thammasat University Hospital since May, 2006 until April, 2009. This is the prospective, single-center study. The consecutive patients who underwent PCI in Thammasat University Hospital since May 2006 to April 2009 were recruited in the study. Clinical data, angiographic data, and in-hospital outcomes were analyzed and demonstrated. Six hundred and seventeen patients undergoing 755 PCI procedures were enrolled in the study. 62.70% were male and 37.30% were female. Mean age was 65.45 +/- 11.21 years (range 33-97 years) and 20.10% were more than 75 years old. The indications for PCI were non-ST segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) (41.72%), chronic stable angina (25.32%), acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (8.87%), staged PCI (15.76%). The other indications were heart failure, cardiomyopathy, post-cardiac arrest and etc. The procedure was single vessel PCI in 73.25% and multivessel PCI in 26.75% (double vessels PCI 24.64% and triple vessels PCI 2.11%). According to lesion locations, 45.21% were left anterior descending (LAD) artery lesions, 30.09% were right coronary artery (RCA) lesions, 23.28% were left circumflex (LCX) artery lesions, 1.19% were left main (LM) lesions and 0.24% were graft lesions. The overall angiographic success rate was 95.57%. During hospital stay the major adverse events developed as death in 0.93%, periprocedural myocardial infarction in 3.17%, emergency coronary artery bypass graft in 0.53%, and stroke in 0.26%. During the first three years of PCI experience in Thammasat University Hospital, the overall success rate was high with low in-hospital adverse outcomes.

  5. Appropriate Use Criteria for Coronary Revascularization and Trends in Utilization, Patient Selection and Appropriateness of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Desai, Nihar R.; Bradley, Steven M.; Parzynski, Craig S.; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K.; Chan, Paul S.; Spertus, John A.; Patel, Manesh R.; Ader, Jeremy; Soufer, Aaron; Krumholz, Harlan M.; Curtis, Jeptha P.

    2017-01-01

    Importance Appropriate Use Criteria for coronary revascularization were developed to critically evaluate and improve patient selection for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). National trends in the appropriateness of PCI have not been examined. Objective To examine trends in PCI utilization, patient selection, and procedural appropriateness following the introduction of Appropriate Use Criteria. Design, Setting, Participants Multi-center, longitudinal, cross-sectional analysis of patients undergoing PCI between July 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014 at hospitals continuously participating in NCDR-CathPCI Registry over the study period. Main Outcome Measures Proportion of non-acute PCIs classified as inappropriate at the patient- and hospital-level using the 2012 Appropriate Use Criteria for Coronary Revascularization. Results A total of 2.7 million PCI procedures from 766 hospitals were included. Annual PCI volume for acute indications was consistent over the study period (2010: 377,540; 2014: 374,543), but the volume for non-acute PCIs decreased from 89,704 in 2010 to 59,375 in 2014. Among patients undergoing non-acute PCI, there were significant increases in angina severity (CCS III/IV angina, 15.8% and 38.4% in 2010 and 2014 respectively), use of anti-anginal medications prior to PCI (at least 2 anti-anginal medication, 22.3% and 35.1% in 2010 and 2014 respectively), and high-risk findings on non-invasive testing (22.2% and 33.2% in 2010 and 2014 respectively) (p<0.001 for all), but only modest increases in multivessel CAD (43.7% and 47.5% in 2010 and 2014 respectively, p<0.001). The proportion (95% CI) of non-acute PCIs classified as inappropriate decreased from 26.2% (95% CI, 25.8%–26.6%) to 13.3% (95% CI, 13.1%–13.6%) and the absolute number of inappropriate PCIs decreased from 21,781 to 7,921. Hospital-level variation in the proportion of PCIs classified as inappropriate was persistent over the study period (median 12.6%, IQR 5.9%–22.9% in 2014

  6. Implementing Same Day Discharge Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Process Evaluation.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yingyan; Lin, Frances; Marshall, Andrea

    2018-06-14

    The safety and effectiveness of same day discharge (SDD) following percutaneous coronary intervention are well demonstrated; however, the uptake of this model of care is low. The aim was to examine the effectiveness of implementing SDD using a process evaluation methodology. This study was undertaken in a cardiac services department of a tertiary teaching hospital in southeast Queensland, Australia. It was anticipated before the implementation that 120 patients could be discharged the same day in a 6 months' time period. Patient selection process and guideline adherence were assessed along with patients' and relatives' satisfaction. During implementation, 22 patients were discharged home the same day. It was found that staff did not follow the guideline consistently, with an overall adherence of 77.3%. The uptake of SDD was low in this implementation. The study is important as it provides direction for future improvement both in the criteria and the implementation process.

  7. Risk prediction models for major adverse cardiac event (MACE) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI): A review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manan, Norhafizah A.; Abidin, Basir

    2015-02-01

    Five percent of patients who went through Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) experienced Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) after PCI procedure. Risk prediction of MACE following a PCI procedure therefore is helpful. This work describes a review of such prediction models currently in use. Literature search was done on PubMed and SCOPUS database. Thirty literatures were found but only 4 studies were chosen based on the data used, design, and outcome of the study. Particular emphasis was given and commented on the study design, population, sample size, modeling method, predictors, outcomes, discrimination and calibration of the model. All the models had acceptable discrimination ability (C-statistics >0.7) and good calibration (Hosmer-Lameshow P-value >0.05). Most common model used was multivariate logistic regression and most popular predictor was age.

  8. Study of Patient Information after percutaneous Coronary Intervention (SPICI): should prevention programmes become more effective?

    PubMed

    Perk, Joep; Hambraeus, Kristina; Burell, Gunilla; Carlsson, Roland; Johansson, Pelle; Lisspers, Jan

    2015-03-22

    This cross-sectional observational study was designed to evaluate the uptake and outcome of patient education after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A questionnaire containing 41 items was handed out to consecutive patients from randomly selected Swedish hospitals after PCI. Questions concerned the patient's attribution of the cause of the cardiac event, perception of the information provided by physicians and nurses, and a self-assessment of changes in lifestyle post PCI regarding tobacco, physical activity, food habits and stress. Replies were obtained from 1,073 patients (reply rate 67%). Non-modifiable risk factors (age, heredity) were attributed a higher rate as the cause of disease compared to modifiable factors (smoking, physical activity, food habits). Most patients (67%) perceived they were cured, and 38% perceived from the given information that there was no need to change their habits. A mere 27% reported that they still had cardiovascular disease and needed behavioural change. After PCI, 16% continued to use tobacco; half of these were offered smoking cessation support. In spite of an 80% referral rate to cardiac rehabilitation, one out of two patients did not enrol. Fewer than half were regularly physically active. Nutritional counselling was provided to 71%, but only 40% changed food habits. Stress management programmes were rarely provided. Current preventive practice scarcely meets the challenge posed by the progress in modern invasive cardiology. The Study of Patient Information after percutaneous Coronary Intervention (SPICI) motivates an in-depth revision and adaptation of cardiac rehabilitation programmes in order to improve patient understanding of the disease, and to support greater compliance with a cardioprotective lifestyle.

  9. Coronary bypass surgery versus percutaneous coronary intervention: cost-effectiveness in Iran: a study in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease.

    PubMed

    Javanbakht, Mehdi; Bakhsh, Razieh Yazdani; Mashayekhi, Atefeh; Ghaderi, Hossein; Sadeghi, Masoumeh

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate cost effectiveness of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting from Iran society perspective. A retrospective study was carried out to estimate the annual cost and health related quality of life (HRQoL) of 109 patients who underwent coronary revascularization (PCI [n = 75] and CABG [n = 34]). A Markov model has been developed to determine the cost effectiveness of CABG compared with PCI. We used the model to calculate lifetime costs, life-years (LYs), and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) of each strategy. We also used probabilistic sensitivity analysis to test model robustness. We found that discounted QALY lived per person in CABG versus PCI group in 5 years, 10 years, and lifetime time horizon were (3.8 ± 0.13 versus 3.88 ± 0.14), (6.4 ± 0.23 versus 6.33 ± 0.22), and (8.74 ± 0.29 versus 8.33 ± 0.27), respectively. The estimated medical cost of CABG and PCI per patient in 5 years, 10 years, and lifetime time horizon were (USD 6,819 ± 765 versus 9,011 ± 1,816), (USD 8,852 ± 1,348 versus 12,034 ± 2,375), and (USD 14,037± 4,201 versus 18,798 ± 5,821), respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio results showed CABG is a dominate alternative in 10 years and lifetime time horizon. This study demonstrated that despite higher initial cost and lower HRQoL, CABG is a cost-effective revascularization strategy compared with PCI for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease in long-term.

  10. The prognostic impact of worsening renal function in Japanese patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with acute coronary syndrome.

    PubMed

    Murata, Nobuhiro; Kaneko, Hidehiro; Yajima, Junji; Oikawa, Yuji; Oshima, Toru; Tanaka, Shingo; Kano, Hiroto; Matsuno, Shunsuke; Suzuki, Shinya; Kato, Yuko; Otsuka, Takayuki; Uejima, Tokuhisa; Nagashima, Kazuyuki; Kirigaya, Hajime; Sagara, Koichi; Sawada, Hitoshi; Aizawa, Tadanori; Yamashita, Takeshi

    2015-10-01

    The prognostic impact of worsening renal function (WRF) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients is not fully understood in Japanese clinical practice, and clinical implication of persistent versus transient WRF in ACS patients is also unclear. With a single hospital-based cohort in the Shinken database 2004-2012 (n=19,994), we followed 604 ACS patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). WRF was defined as an increase in creatinine during hospitalization of ≥0.3mg/dl above admission value. Persistent WRF was defined as an increase in creatinine during hospitalization of ≥0.3mg/dl above admission value and maintained until discharge, whereas transient WRF was defined as that WRF resolved at hospital discharge. WRF occurred in 78 patients (13%), persistent WRF 35 patients (6%) and transient WRF 43 patients (7%). WRF patients were older and had a higher prevalence of chronic kidney disease, history of myocardial infarction (MI), and ST elevation MI. WRF was associated with elevated inflammatory markers and reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction in acute, chronic phase. Incidence of all-cause death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE: all-cause death, MI, and target lesion revascularization) was significantly higher in patients with WRF. Moreover, in the WRF group, incidences of all-cause death and MACE were higher in patients with persistent WRF than those with transient WRF. A multivariate analysis showed that as well as older age, female gender, and intubation, WRF was an independent determinant of the all-cause death in ACS patients who underwent PCI. In conclusion, WRF might have a prognostic impact among Japanese ACS patients who underwent PCI in association with enhanced inflammatory response and LV remodeling. Persistent WRF might portend increased events, while transient WRF might have association with favorable outcomes compared with persistent WRF. Copyright © 2014 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier

  11. [Effect of intensive pretreatment with atorvastatin calcium on outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention in elderly patients with coronary heart disease].

    PubMed

    Guo, Xiaoyan; Huang, Xuecheng; Wang, Qiwu

    2015-02-01

    To observe the effects of different loading doses of atorvastatin calcium on the outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). A total of 120 CHD patients aged over 80 years were randomly assigned into 3 equal groups to receive intensive pretreatment with statin at the doses of 20, 40, or 60 mg prior to PCI performed within 48 to 72 h after admission. The changes of postoperative cardiac biochemical markers including creatine kinase isoenzyme (CKMB), troponin I (cTNI) and high-sensitivity c-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were observed and the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE, including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) were recorded within 30 days after PCI. Thirty-four patients in 20 mg statin group, 40 in 40 mg statin group, and 38 in 60 mg statin group completed this study. In all the 3 groups, hs-CRP level significantly increased at 12 and 24 h after PCI compared with the preoperative levels (P<0.05). The patients in 60 mg statin group showed significantly lower levels of CKMB, cTNI, and hs-CRP at 24 h after PCI than those in 20 mg statin group (P<0.05), and had also a significantly lower incidence of total MACE within 30 days after PCI (2.6% vs 26.5%, P=0.003) resulting primarily from significantly reduced myocardial infarction associated with PCI (2.6% vs 20.6%, P=0.016). The adverse drug reactions were comparable among the 3 groups (P>0.05). Intensive pretreatment with 60 mg/day atorvastatin calcium can significantly reduce myocardial infarction related to PCI with good safety in elderly patients with CHD.

  12. Genetic testing in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

    PubMed

    Lala, A; Berger, J S; Sharma, G; Hochman, J S; Scott Braithwaite, R; Ladapo, J A

    2013-01-01

    The CYP2C19 genotype is a predictor of adverse cardiovascular events in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treated with clopidogrel. We aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a CYP2C19*2 genotype-guided strategy of antiplatelet therapy in ACS patients undergoing PCI, compared with two 'no testing' strategies (empiric clopidogrel or prasugrel). We developed a Markov model to compare three strategies. The model captured adverse cardiovascular events and antiplatelet-related complications. Costs were expressed in 2010 US dollars and estimated using diagnosis-related group codes and Medicare reimbursement rates. The net wholesale price for prasugrel was estimated as $5.45 per day. A generic estimate for clopidogrel of $1.00 per day was used and genetic testing was assumed to cost $500. Base case analyses demonstrated little difference between treatment strategies. The genetic testing-guided strategy yielded the most QALYs and was the least costly. Over 15 months, total costs were $18 lower with a gain of 0.004 QALY in the genotype-guided strategy compared with empiric clopidogrel, and $899 lower with a gain of 0.0005 QALY compared with empiric prasugrel. The strongest predictor of the preferred strategy was the relative risk of thrombotic events in carriers compared with wild-type individuals treated with clopidogrel. Above a 47% increased risk, a genotype-guided strategy was the dominant strategy. Above a clopidogrel cost of $3.96 per day, genetic testing was no longer dominant but remained cost-effective. Among ACS patients undergoing PCI, a genotype-guided strategy yields similar outcomes to empiric approaches to treatment, but is marginally less costly and more effective. © 2012 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

  13. New stent design for use in small coronary arteries during percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Granada, Juan F; Huibregtse, Barbara A; Dawkins, Keith D

    2010-01-01

    Patients with diabetes mellitus, of female gender, increased age, and/or with peripheral vascular disease often develop coronary stenoses in small caliber vessels. This review describes treatment of these lesions with the paclitaxel-eluting 2.25 mm TAXUS® Liberté® Atom™ stent. Given the same stent composition, polymer, antirestenotic drug (paclitaxel), and release kinetics as the first-generation 2.25 mm TAXUS® Express® Atom™ stent, the second-generation TAXUS Liberté Atom stent incorporates improved stent design characteristics, including thinner struts (0.0038 versus 0.0052 inches), intended to increase conformability and deliverability. In a porcine noninjured coronary artery model, TAXUS Liberté Atom stent implantation in small vessels demonstrated complete strut tissue coverage compared with the bare metal stent control, suggesting a similar degree of tissue healing between the groups at 30, 90, and 180 days. The prospective, single-armed TAXUS ATLAS Small Vessel trial demonstrated improved instent late loss (0.28 ± 0.45 versus 0.84 ± 0.57 mm, P < 0.001), instent binary restenosis (13.0% versus 38.1%, P < 0.001), and target lesion revascularization (5.8% versus 17.6%, P < 0.001) at nine months with the TAXUS Liberté Atom stent as compared with the bare metal Express stent control, with similar safety measures between the two groups. The TAXUS Liberté Atom also significantly reduced nine-month angiographic rates of both instent late loss (0.28 ± 0.45 versus 0.44 ± 0.61 mm, P = 0.03) and instent binary restenosis (13.0% versus 25.9%, P = 0.02) when compared with the 2.25 mm TAXUS Express Atom control. The observed reduction in target lesion revascularization with the TAXUS Liberté Atom compared with the TAXUS Express Atom at nine months (5.8% versus 13.7%, P = 0.02) was sustained through three years (10.0% versus 22.1%, P = 0.008) with similar, stable safety outcomes between the groups. In conclusion, these data confirm the safety and favorable

  14. Clopidogrel plus indobufen in acute coronary syndrome patients with hypersensitivity to aspirin undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Barillà, Francesco; Pulcinelli, Fabio Maria; Mangieri, Enrico; Torromeo, Concetta; Tanzilli, Gaetano; Dominici, Tania; Pellicano, Mariano; Paravati, Vincenzo; Acconcia, Maria Cristina; Gaudio, Carlo

    2013-01-01

    The prescription of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)) to patients with a history of hypersensitivity to this drug could prove harmful. The aim of the study was to assess the antiplatelet activity and safety of a combined antiplatelet treatment with indobufen and clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with hypersensitivity to aspirin, undergoing coronary stenting. Forty-two consecutive ACS patients treated with stent implantation were randomly assigned to receive clopidogrel 75 mg daily (loading dose 300 mg) plus indobufen 100 mg twice a day (group A), or clopidogrel 75 mg daily, after 300 mg of loading dose (group B). Platelet activity and safety were monitored in both groups at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months with laboratory and clinical evaluation. A lower value of max % platelet aggregation to arachidonic acid and collagen was found in group A compared to group B (31.79 ± 27.33 vs. 73.67 ± 19.92; p < 0.0001 and 28.53 ± 21.32 vs. 73.58 ± 17.71; p < 0.0001, respectively). There was no difference in max % of platelet inhibition to adenosine diphosphate between the two groups (14.23 ± 18.92 vs. 10.30 ± 18.97; p = 0.23). In the population that was under indobufen treatment, the serum thromboxane B2 (TXB2) production at 1 week and 1 month was very low (2.6 ± 1.6 ng/ml and 3.0 ± 2.7 ng/ml, respectively; p = 0.82). The combined treatment was well tolerated in group A patients. This study suggests that the combined antiplatelet treatment with clopidogrel and indobufen could be a good option in ACS patients with hypersensitivity to aspirin undergoing coronary stenting.

  15. Early diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome.

    PubMed

    Katus, Hugo; Ziegler, André; Ekinci, Okan; Giannitsis, Evangelos; Stough, Wendy Gattis; Achenbach, Stephan; Blankenberg, Stefan; Brueckmann, Martina; Collinson, Paul; Comaniciu, Dorin; Crea, Filippo; Dinh, Wilfried; Ducrocq, Grégory; Flachskampf, Frank A; Fox, Keith A A; Friedrich, Matthias G; Hebert, Kathy A; Himmelmann, Anders; Hlatky, Mark; Lautsch, Dominik; Lindahl, Bertil; Lindholm, Daniel; Mills, Nicholas L; Minotti, Giorgio; Möckel, Martin; Omland, Torbjørn; Semjonow, Véronique

    2017-11-01

    The diagnostic evaluation of acute chest pain has been augmented in recent years by advances in the sensitivity and precision of cardiac troponin assays, new biomarkers, improvements in imaging modalities, and release of new clinical decision algorithms. This progress has enabled physicians to diagnose or rule-out acute myocardial infarction earlier after the initial patient presentation, usually in emergency department settings, which may facilitate prompt initiation of evidence-based treatments, investigation of alternative diagnoses for chest pain, or discharge, and permit better utilization of healthcare resources. A non-trivial proportion of patients fall in an indeterminate category according to rule-out algorithms, and minimal evidence-based guidance exists for the optimal evaluation, monitoring, and treatment of these patients. The Cardiovascular Round Table of the ESC proposes approaches for the optimal application of early strategies in clinical practice to improve patient care following the review of recent advances in the early diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. The following specific 'indeterminate' patient categories were considered: (i) patients with symptoms and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin <99th percentile; (ii) patients with symptoms and high-sensitivity troponin <99th percentile but above the limit of detection; (iii) patients with symptoms and high-sensitivity troponin >99th percentile but without dynamic change; and (iv) patients with symptoms and high-sensitivity troponin >99th percentile and dynamic change but without coronary plaque rupture/erosion/dissection. Definitive evidence is currently lacking to manage these patients whose early diagnosis is 'indeterminate' and these areas of uncertainty should be assigned a high priority for research. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2017. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. Subadventitial techniques for chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention: The concept of "vessel architecture".

    PubMed

    Azzalini, Lorenzo; Carlino, Mauro; Brilakis, Emmanouil S; Vo, Minh; Rinfret, Stéphane; Uretsky, Barry F; Karmpaliotis, Dimitri; Colombo, Antonio

    2018-03-01

    Despite improvements in guidewire technologies, the traditional antegrade wire escalation approach to chronic total occlusion (CTO) recanalization is successful in only 60-80% of selected cases. In particular, long, calcified, and tortuous occlusions are less successfully approached with a true-to-true lumen approach. Frequently, the guidewire tracks into the subadventitial space, with no guarantee of distal re-entry into the true lumen. The ability to manage the subadventitial space has been a key step in the tremendous improvement in success rates of contemporary CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), whether operating antegradely or retrogradely. A modern approach to CTO PCI involves understanding the concept of "vessel architecture," which is based on the distinction between coronary structures (occlusive plaque, comprising the disrupted intima and media, and the outer adventitia) and extravascular space. The vessel architecture represents a safe work environment for guidewire and device manipulation. This review provides an anatomy-based description of the concept of vessel architecture, along with a historical perspective of subadventitial techniques for CTO PCI, and outcome data of CTO PCI utilizing the subadventitial space. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Elective percutaneous coronary intervention without on-site surgical backup: a community hospital experience.

    PubMed

    Djelmami-Hani, M; Mouanoutoua, Mouatou; Hashim, Abdelazim; Solis, Joaquin; Bergen, Lawrence; Oldridge, Neil; Egbujiobi, Leo C; Allaqaband, Suhail; Akhtar, Masood; Bajwa, Tanvir

    2007-12-01

    The American College of Cardiology guidelines consider elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without on-site surgical backup (OSB) a Class-III indication. Our objective was to determine the safety of elective PCI without OSB. The study is a prospective analysis of a cohort of patients who underwent elective PCI without OSB at our institution. All patients were at our community satellite institution in Beloit, Wis. Three hundred twenty-one elective interventions were performed (mean age 64 +/-12, 68% male). The prevalence of diabetes and hypertension was 28% and 82.5% respectively. A predefined protocol was designed to transfer patients to a cardiac surgical facility if necessary. An experienced interventional cardiologist reviewed the diagnostic angiograms. Patients with complex lesions were excluded from the study. Any procedure-related death or emergency coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Three hundred eighty-two vessels were stented. Multi-vessel intervention was performed in 61 patients (19%). Only 5% of lesions were type C. Four hundred thirty-seven stents were deployed. IIb-IIIa inhibitors were used in 77 (24%) cases. Procedural success was 99.7%. There were no deaths, myocardial infarctions nor need for urgent target vessel revascularization at 6 months. With careful patient/lesion selection, an experienced interventional cardiologist and a predefined transfer protocol, elective PCI without OSB can be performed safely.

  18. Correlation Analysis between Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndromes and Gastrointestinal Bleeding after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Chaolian; Wang, Mingming; Kong, Xiaolin; Liu, Guannan

    2018-01-01

    Objective To explore the characters of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and to provide syndrome study theoretical evidence for TCM differentiation treatment after PCI through retrospective study. Methods Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who underwent PCI in Cardiovascular Intervention Center of Wangjing Hospital during Dec. 2012 to Dec. 2014 and met the inclusion criteria were enrolled. Retrospective study was then conducted based on patients' clinical document and angiography data to explore the distribution pattern of TCM syndromes. Results 801 patients were recruited in the study. TCM syndromes in descending order of their incidence were Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, heart blood stasis syndrome, Qi and Yin deficiency syndrome, phlegm and blood stasis syndrome, Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome, Yang asthenia syndrome, heart and kidney yin deficiency syndrome to cold congeal, and blood stasis syndrome in a more to less order. Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome was in the most (occurring in 298 patients, 37.20%); Qi and Yin deficiency syndrome occurred in 163 patients (20.35%); heart blood stasis syndrome was shown in 126 patients (15.73%); phlegm and blood stasis syndrome was shown in 95 patients (11.86%). Conclusion Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome was closely associated with post-PCI bleeding, implying that this syndrome might serve as a powerful predictor of GI bleeding as well as a potential supplement to the current predicting and scoring system of bleeding such as CRUSADE.

  19. Expanding the base for teaching of percutaneous coronary interventions: the explicit approach.

    PubMed

    Lanzer, Peter; Prechelt, Lutz

    2011-02-15

    Accelerate and improve the training and learning process of operators performing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Operator cognitive, in particular decision-making skills and technical skills are a major factor for the success of coronary interventions. Currently, cognitive skills are commonly developed by three methods: (1) Cognitive learning of rules for which statistical evidence is available. This is very incomprehensive and isolates cognitive learning from skill acquisition. (2) Informal tutoring received from experienced operators, and (3) personal experience by trial-and-error are both very slow. We propose in this concept article a conceptual framework to elicit, capture, and transfer expert PCI skills to complement the current approach. This includes the development of an in-depth understanding of the nature of PCI skills, terminology, and nomenclature needed to streamline communication, propensity of reproducible performance assessment, and in particular an explication of intervention planning and intra-intervention decision-making. We illustrate the impact of improved decision-making by simulation results based on a stochastic model of intervention risk. We identify several key concepts that form the basis of this conceptual framework, in particular different risk types and the notions of strategy, interventional module, and tactic. The increasing complexity of cases have brought PCI to the point where the decision-making skills of master operators need to be made explicit to make them systematically learnable such that the skills of beginner and intermediate operators can be improved much faster than is currently possible. Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  20. Randomized trial comparing 600- with 300-mg loading dose of clopidogrel in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: results of the Platelet Responsiveness to Aspirin and Clopidogrel and Troponin Increment after Coronary intervention in Acute coronary Lesions (PRACTICAL) Trial.

    PubMed

    Yong, Gerald; Rankin, Jamie; Ferguson, Louise; Thom, Jim; French, John; Brieger, David; Chew, Derek P; Dick, Ron; Eccleston, David; Hockings, Bernard; Walters, Darren; Whelan, Alan; Eikelboom, John W

    2009-01-01

    There is uncertainty about the benefit of a higher loading dose (LD) of clopidogrel in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) undergoing early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared the effects of a 600- versus a 300-mg LD of clopidogrel on inhibition of platelet aggregation, myonecrosis, and clinical outcomes in patients with NSTEACS undergoing an early invasive management strategy. Patients with NSTEACS (n = 256, mean age 63 years, 81.6% elevated troponin) without thienopyridine for at least 7 days were randomized to receive 600- or 300-mg LD of clopidogrel. Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in 140 patients, with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor use in 68.6%. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation was measured by optical platelet aggregometry immediately before coronary angiography. Post-PCI myonecrosis was defined as a next-day troponin I greater than 5 times the upper limit of reference range and greater than baseline levels. Clopidogrel 600-mg LD compared with 300-mg LD was associated with significantly reduced ADP-induced platelet aggregation (49.7% vs 55.7% with ADP 20 micromol/L) but did not reduce post-PCI myonecrosis or adverse clinical outcomes to 6 months. There was no association between preprocedural platelet aggregation and outcome. These data confirm a modest incremental antiplatelet effect of a 600-mg clopidogrel LD compared with 300-mg LD but provide no support for a clinical benefit in patients with NSTEACS managed with an early invasive strategy including a high rate (69%) of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor use during PCI.

  1. Culprit Vessel-Only vs. Staged Multivessel Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Strategies in Patients With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

    PubMed

    Toyota, Toshiaki; Shiomi, Hiroki; Taniguchi, Tomohiko; Morimoto, Takeshi; Furukawa, Yutaka; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Horie, Minoru; Kimura, Takeshi

    2016-01-01

    We assessed the current status of treatment strategy in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with multivessel disease (MVD) in real world practice, focusing on the benefit of staged percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). From the CREDO-Kyoto AMI Registry, 2,010 STEMI patients with MVD undergoing primary PCI were analyzed. Only 96 patients (4.8%) received acute multivessel PCI, and the majority of patients (n=1,914, 95.2%) had culprit-only PCI acutely. After excluding 699 patients (acute multivessel PCI, Killip class ≥3, age ≥90 years, coronary artery bypass grafting within 90 days, or clinical events within 90 days), 681 MVD patients underwent staged PCI for angiographically significant non-culprit lesions within 90 days (staged PCI group), while 630 MVD patients received primary PCI only (culprit-only PCI group). The cumulative 5-year incidence of and adjusted risk for all-cause death were significantly lower in the staged PCI group compared with the culprit-only PCI group (9.5% vs. 16.0%, P<0.001; HR, 0.69; 95% CI: 0.50-0.96, P=0.03). The risks for MI and any coronary revascularization favored the staged PCI strategy. The staged PCI strategy for angiographically significant non-culprit lesions was associated with lower 5-year mortality compared with the culprit-only PCI strategy in STEMI patients with MVD who underwent primary PCI.

  2. Comparative effectiveness of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients with diabetes.

    PubMed

    Shah, Ruchit; Yang, Yi; Bentley, John P; Banahan, Benjamin F

    2016-11-01

    To compare the relative effectiveness of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among elderly patients with diabetes regarding acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, repeat revascularization, and all-cause mortality. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the 2006-2008 5% national sample of Medicare claims data. Elderly (≥65 years) beneficiaries with at least two claims of diabetes separated by ≥30 days and who had at least one inpatient claim for multi-vessel CABG or PCI between 1 July 2006 and 30 June 2008 were identified. The date of beneficiary's first CABG or PCI was defined as the index date. All patients were followed from the index date to 31 December 2008 for outcomes. CABG and PCI patients were 1:1 matched on propensity scores and index dates. Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare postoperative outcomes between patients undergoing CABG versus PCI. The matched sample consisted of 4430 patients (2215 in each group). The Cox proportional hazards models showed that, compared to patients undergoing PCI, CABG was associated with a lower risk of postoperative AMI (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.494; 95% CI: 0.396-0.616; p < .0001), repeat revascularization (HR: 0.194; 95% CI: 0.149-0.252; p < .0001), the composite outcome (HR: 0.523; 95% CI: 0.460-0.595; p < .0001), and all-cause mortality (HR: 0.775; 95% CI: 0.658-0.914; p = .0024); postoperative risk of stroke was not significantly different between the two groups (HR: 0.965; 95% CI: 0.812-1.148; p = .691). CABG appears to be the preferred revascularization strategy for elderly patients with diabetes and coronary heart disease. However, this result should be interpreted considering study limitations, for example, several patient clinical variables and physician-related factors which may affect procedure outcomes are not available in the data. Clinical decisions should be individualized considering all patient- and physician

  3. Characteristics and outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention following cardiac arrest (from the NCDR).

    PubMed

    Gupta, Navdeep; Kontos, Michael C; Gupta, Aditi; Dai, David; Vetrovec, George W; Roe, Matthew T; Messenger, John

    2014-04-01

    Outcomes in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (CA) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been limited to small, mostly single-center studies. We compared patients who underwent PCI after CA included in the CathPCI Registry with those without CA. Patients with ST elevation were classified as ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); all other patients having PCI were classified as without STEMI. Patients with CA in each group were compared with the corresponding non-CA groups for baseline characteristics, angiographic findings, and outcomes. A total of 594,734 patients underwent PCI, of whom 114,768 had STEMI, including 9,375 (8.2%) had CA, and 479,966 had without STEMI, including 2,775 (0.6%) had CA. Patients with CA were similar in age to patients with non-CA, with a lower frequency of coronary disease risk factors and known coronary disease. On angiography, patients with CA were significantly more likely to have more complex lesions with worse baseline thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow. Patients with CA were significantly more likely to have cardiogenic shock, both for patients with STEMI (51% vs 7.2%, respectively) and for patients without STEMI (38% vs 0.8%, respectively, both p<0.001). In-hospital mortality was substantially worse in patients with CA, for both patients with STEMI (24.9% vs 3.1%, respectively) and patients without STEMI (18.7% vs 0.4%, respectively). In conclusion, patients who underwent PCI after CA had more complex anatomy, more shock, and higher mortality. The substantially increased mortality in patients with CA has important implications for the development and regionalization of centers for CA. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Safety and Tolerability of Transitioning from Cangrelor to Ticagrelor in Patients Who Underwent Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Badreldin, Hisham A; Carter, Danielle; Cook, Bryan M; Qamar, Arman; Vaduganathan, Muthiah; Bhatt, Deepak L

    2017-08-01

    The 3 phase 3 CHAMPION (Cangrelor vs Standard Therapy to Achieve Optimal Management of Platelet Inhibition) trials collectively demonstrated the safety of transitioning from cangrelor, a potent, parenteral rapidly-acting P2Y 12 inhibitor, to clopidogrel in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, variation in timing of therapy, site-specific binding, and drug half-lives may theoretically complicate switching to other oral P2Y 12 inhibitors. Since regulatory approval, limited data are available regarding the "real-world" safety and tolerability of transitioning to these more potent oral P2Y 12 antagonists. From November 2015 to January 2017, we evaluated the clinical profiles and efficacy and safety outcomes in cangrelor-treated patients who underwent PCI transitioned to clopidogrel (n = 42) or ticagrelor (n = 82) at a large, tertiary care center. Most patients receiving cangrelor underwent PCI with a drug-eluting stent for acute coronary syndrome via a radial approach in the background of unfractionated heparin. Stent thrombosis within 48 hours was rare and occurred in 1 patient treated with ticagrelor. Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Coronary Arteries-defined bleeding occurred in 20% of patients switched to ticagrelor and 29% of patients switched to clopidogrel, but none were severe or life-threatening. In conclusion, rates of stent thrombosis and severe/life-threatening bleeding were low and comparable with those identified in the CHAMPION program, despite use of more potent oral P2Y 12 inhibition. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Gender differences in risk profile and outcome of Middle Eastern patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Jarrah, Mohamad I; Hammoudeh, Ayman J; Al-Natour, Dalal B; Khader, Yousef S; Tabbalat, Ramzi A; Alhaddad, Imad A; Kullab, Susan M

    2017-02-01

    To determine the gender differences in cardiovascular risk profile and outcomes among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: In a prospective multicenter study of consecutive Middle Eastern patients managed with PCI from January 2013 to February 2014 in 12 tertiary care centers in Amman and Irbid, Jordan. Clinical and coronary angiographic features, and major cardiovascular events were assessed for both genders from hospital stay to 1 year. Results: Women comprised 20.6% of 2426 enrolled patients, were older (mean age 62.9 years versus 57.2 years), had higher prevalence of hypertension (81% versus 57%), diabetes (66% versus 44%), dyslipidemia (58% versus 46%), and obesity (44% versus 25%) compared with men, p less than 0.001. The PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was indicated for fewer women than men (23% versus 33%; p=0.001). Prevalence of single or multi-vessel coronary artery disease was similar in women and men. More women than men had major bleeding during hospitalization (2.2% versus 0.6%; p=0.003) and at one year (2.5% versus 0.9%; p=0.007). There were no significant differences between women and men in mortality (3.1% versus 1.7%) or stent thrombosis (2.1% versus 1.8%) at 1 year. Conclusion: Middle Eastern women undergoing PCI had worse baseline risk profile compared with men.Except for major bleeding, no gender differences in the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events were demonstrated.

  6. A correlation between acute kidney injury and myonecrosis after scheduled percutaneous coronary intervention*

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Min; Meng, Hao-yu; Zhao, Ying-ming; Tao, Zhi-wen; Gong, Xiao-xuan; Wang, Ze-mu; Chen, Bo; Tao, Zheng-xian; Li, Chun-jian; Zhu, Tie-bing; Wang, Lian-sheng; Yang, Zhi-jian

    2013-01-01

    Slight elevations in cardiac troponin I and T are frequently observed after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a complex syndrome induced by exposure to intravascular contrast media (CM). Currently, the relationships between the CM, pre-existing kidney insufficiency, CI-AKI, and myonecrosis after elective PCI are unclear. To investigate the relationship between CI-AKI and post-procedural myonecrosis (PMN) after PCI, we analyzed 327 non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome subjects undertaking elective PCI. The levels of cardiac troponins (cTns), cTnI and cTnT, at baseline and on at least one occasion 18–24 h after PCI were measured. We also recorded serum levels of creatinine (SCr) and the urine albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR) before coronary angiography, and 24–48 h and 48–72 h after contrast administration. A post-procedure increase in cTns was detected in 16.21% (53/327) of subjects with cTns levels >99th to 5×99th percentile upper reference limit (URL). Twenty-seven patients (8.26%) developed CI-AKI. CI-AKI occurred more often in subjects with PMN than in those without PMN (20.8% versus 5.8%, respectively, P=0.001). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that pre-existing microalbuminuria (MA) was an important independent predictor of PMN (OR: 3.31; 95% CI: 1.26–8.65, P=0.01). However, there was no correlation between the incidence of CI-AKI and PMN (OR: 2.38; 95% CI: 0.88–6.46, P=0.09). We conclude that pre-existing MA was not only an important independent predictor of CI-AKI but also of PMN. PMID:23897790

  7. Application of appropriate use criteria for percutaneous coronary intervention in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Inohara, Taku; Kohsaka, Shun; Ueda, Ikuko; Yagi, Takashi; Numasawa, Yohei; Suzuki, Masahiro; Maekawa, Yuichiro; Fukuda, Keiichi

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this review was to summarize the concept of appropriate use criteria (AUC) regarding percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and document AUC use and impact on clinical practice in Japan, in comparison with its application in the United States. AUC were originally developed to subjectively evaluate the indications and performance of various diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, including revascularization techniques. Over the years, application of AUC has significantly impacted patient selection for PCI in the United States, particularly in non-acute settings. After the broad implementation of AUC in 2009, the rate of inappropriate PCI decreased by half by 2014. The effect was further accentuated by incorporation of financial incentives (e.g., restriction of reimbursement for inappropriate procedures). On the other hand, when the United States-derived AUC were applied to Japanese patients undergoing elective PCI from 2008 to 2013, about one-third were classified as inappropriate, largely due to the perception gap between American and Japanese experts. For example, PCI for low-risk non-left atrial ascending artery lesion was more likely to be classified as appropriate by Japanese standards, and anatomical imaging with coronary computed tomography angiography was used relatively frequently in Japan, but no scenario within the current AUC includes this modality. To extrapolate the current AUC to Japan or any other region outside of the United States, these local discrepancies must be taken into consideration, and scenarios should be revised to reflect contemporary practice. Understanding the concept of AUC as well as its perception gap between different counties will result in the broader implementation of AUC, and lead to the quality improvement of patients’ care in the field of coronary intervention. PMID:27621773

  8. Residual Angina After Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus.

    PubMed

    Grodzinsky, Anna; Kosiborod, Mikhail; Tang, Fengming; Jones, Philip G; McGuire, Darren K; Spertus, John A; Beltrame, John F; Jang, Jae-Sik; Goyal, Abhinav; Butala, Neel M; Yeh, Robert W; Arnold, Suzanne V

    2017-09-01

    Previous studies suggest that among patients with stable coronary artery disease, patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have less angina and more silent ischemia when compared with those without DM. However, the burden of angina in diabetic versus nondiabetic patients after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been recently examined. In a 10-site US PCI registry, we assessed angina before and at 1, 6, and 12 months after elective PCI with the Seattle Angina Questionnaire angina frequency score (range, 0-100, higher=better). We also examined the rates of antianginal medication prescriptions at discharge. A multivariable, repeated-measures Poisson model was used to examine the independent association of DM with angina over the year after treatment. Among 1080 elective PCI patients (mean age, 65 years; 74.7% men), 34.0% had DM. At baseline and at each follow-up, patients with DM had similar angina prevalence and severity as those without DM. Patients with DM were more commonly prescribed calcium channel blockers and long-acting nitrates at discharge (DM versus not: 27.9% versus 20.9% [ P =0.01] and 32.8% versus 25.5% [ P =0.01], respectively), whereas β-blockers and ranolazine were prescribed at similar rates. In the multivariable, repeated-measures model, the risk of angina was similar over the year after PCI in patients with versus without DM (relative risk, 1.04; range, 0.80-1.36). Patients with stable coronary artery disease and DM exhibit a burden of angina that is at least as high as those without DM despite more antianginal prescriptions at discharge. These findings contradict the conventional teachings that patients with DM experience less angina because of silent ischemia. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  9. Mini-STAR as bail-out strategy for percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total occlusion.

    PubMed

    Galassi, Alfredo Ruggero; Tomasello, Salvatore Davide; Costanzo, Luca; Campisano, Maria Barbara; Barrano, Giombattista; Ueno, Masafumi; Tello-Montoliu, Antonio; Tamburino, Corrado

    2012-01-01

    Although the advancement of the equipment and the presence of innovative techniques, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) continues to be affected by lower procedural success in comparison with non occluded vessel PCI. We describe a new technique for the treatment of coronary CTO which utilizes a new generation of polymeric wires. From March 2009 to June 2010 different strategies were adopted as "bail out" after an initial attempt failed in 117 consecutive CTO lesions. Among these, conventional strategies (CS) such as parallel wire, sub-intimal tracking and re-entry (STAR), microchannel technique, intracoronary ultrasound guided revascularization and anchor balloon, were used in 75 cases (64.1%), while in the remaining a new technique, the "mini-STAR," was used (39.9%). Although no substantial differences were observed regarding the distribution of clinical features and angiographic lesions characteristics between the populations, mini-STAR was able to achieve a higher rate of procedural success in comparison with other CS (97.6% vs. 52%, P < 0.001) with lower contrast agent use (442 ± 259 cm(3) vs. 561 ± 243 cm(3), P = 0.01) and shorter procedural and fluoroscopy times (122 ± 61 vs. 157 ± 74 min, P = 0.009 and 60 ± 31 min vs. 75 ± 38 min, P = 0.03, respectively). No differences were observed in term of peri-procedural complications such as procedural myocardial infarction, coronary perforations, and contrast-induced nephropathy between mini-STAR and CS. The mini-STAR technique is a promising strategy for the treatment of CTO lesions, achieving a high procedural success rate and low occurrence of procedural adverse events. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Underdiagnosis and prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after percutaneous coronary intervention: a prospective study

    PubMed Central

    Almagro, Pere; Lapuente, Anna; Pareja, Julia; Yun, Sergi; Garcia, Maria Estela; Padilla, Ferrán; Heredia, Josep Ll; De la Sierra, Alex; Soriano, Joan B

    2015-01-01

    Background Retrospective studies based on clinical data and without spirometric confirmation suggest a poorer prognosis of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The impact of undiagnosed COPD in these patients is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of COPD – previously or newly diagnosed – in patients with IHD treated with PCI. Methods Patients with IHD confirmed by PCI were consecutively included. After PCI they underwent forced spirometry and evaluation for cardiovascular risk factors. All-cause mortality, new cardiovascular events, and their combined endpoint were analyzed. Results A total of 133 patients (78%) male, with a mean (SD) age of 63 (10.12) years were included. Of these, 33 (24.8%) met the spirometric criteria for COPD, of whom 81.8% were undiagnosed. IHD patients with COPD were older, had more coronary vessels affected, and a greater history of previous myocardial infarction. Median follow-up was 934 days (interquartile range [25%–75%]: 546–1,160). COPD patients had greater mortality (P=0.008; hazard ratio [HR]: 8.85; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.76–44.47) and number of cardiovascular events (P=0.024; HR: 1.87; 95% CI: 1.04–3.33), even those without a previous diagnosis of COPD (P=0.01; HR: 1.78; 95% CI: 1.12–2.83). These differences remained after adjustment for sex, age, number of coronary vessels affected, and previous myocardial infarction (P=0.025; HR: 1.83; 95% CI: 1.08–3.1). Conclusion Prevalence and underdiagnosis of COPD in patients with IHD who undergo PCI are both high. These patients have an independent greater mortality and a higher number of cardiovascular events during follow-up. PMID:26213464

  11. Single-session versus staged procedures for elective multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Toyota, Toshiaki; Morimoto, Takeshi; Shiomi, Hiroki; Yamaji, Kyohei; Ando, Kenji; Ono, Koh; Shizuta, Satoshi; Saito, Naritatsu; Kato, Takao; Kaji, Shuichiro; Furukawa, Yutaka; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Kadota, Kazushige; Horie, Minoru; Kimura, Takeshi

    2018-06-01

    To clarify the effect of single-session multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy relative to the staged multivessel strategy on clinical outcomes in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. In the Coronary REvascularisation Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/coronary artery bypass grafting registry cohort-2, there were 2018 patients who underwent elective multivessel PCI. Primary outcome measure was composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction and stroke at 5-year follow-up. Single-session multivessel PCI and staged multivessel PCI were performed in 707 patients (35.0%) and 1311 patients (65.0%), respectively. The cumulative 5-year incidence of and adjusted risk for the primary outcome measure were not significantly different between the single-session and staged groups (26.7% vs 23.0%, p=0.45; HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.72 to 1.16, p=0.47). The 30-day incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in the single-session group than in the staged group (1.1% vs 0.2%, p=0.009). However, the causes of death in 11 patients who died within 30 days were generally not related to the procedural complications, but related to the serious clinical status before PCI. For the subgroup analyses including age, gender, extent of CAD, severe chronic kidney disease and heart failure, there was no significant interaction between the subgroup factors and the effect of the single-session strategy relative to the staged strategy for the primary outcome measure. The single-session multivessel PCI strategy was associated with at least comparable 5-year clinical outcomes compared with the staged multivessel PCI, although the prevalence of the single-session strategy was low in the present study. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  12. A Simple Numerical Body Surface Mapping Parameter Signifies Successful Percutaneous Coronary Artery Intervention.

    PubMed

    Simonyi, Gábor; Kirschner, Róbert; Szűcs, Endre; Préda, István; Duray, Gábor; Medvegy, Nóra; Horvath, Bálint; Medvegy, Mihály

    2016-03-01

    In coronary artery disease (CAD), body surface potential mapping (BSPM) may reveal minor electrical potential changes appearing in the depolarization phase even if pathological changes are absent on the conventional 12-lead ECG. We hypothesized that a simple BSPM parameter, Max/Min signifies successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Ninety-two adult Caucasian patients with stable CAD and positive exercise test underwent coronary angiography. Seventy patients (age, 59 ± 8; 46 males) were revascularized by PCI (left anterior descending [LAD] in 38, right [RCA] in 17 and left circumflex [LCX] coronary artery in 15). Control groups contained 22 patients (age, 60 ± 8; 14 males) without intervention and 35 healthy subjects (age, 58 ± 2; 15 males). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, transthoracic echocardiography) and Max/Min BSPM parameter (63-lead Montreal system) were evaluated before and 4-40 days following coronary angiography. Max/Min was defined by the ratio of the highest maximum to the deepest minimum potential of all leads recorded by BSPM. Before PCI, Max/Min value of patients with LAD lesion (0.83 [0.74; 0.93]) was significantly lower while that with RCA lesion (1.63 [1.35; 1.99]) was significantly higher than that of healthy group (1.01 [0.970; 1.13]) (P < 0.05) and LVEF was significantly lower in LAD lesion (46.50% [43.00; 51.00]) than in the healthy group (55.00% [50.00; 58.75]) (P < 0.01). Max/Min value significantly increased from 0.83 [0.74; 0.93] to 0.92 [0.82; 0.99] (P < 0.01) following LAD PCI while significantly decreased from 1.63 [1.35; 1.98] to 1.35 [1.21; 1.43] (P < 0.01) post-RCA PCI. It did not vary significantly, however, either following LCX PCI or without intervention. LVEF significantly increased (from 46.50% [43.00; 51.00] to 49.00% [46.00; 51.00]) only after LAD PCI. Max/Min parameter is suitable to follow patients after LAD and RCA PCI. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Percutaneous ethanol injection or percutaneous acetic acid injection for early hepatocellular carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Weis, Sebastian; Franke, Annegret; Berg, Thomas; Mössner, Joachim; Fleig, Wolfgang E; Schoppmeyer, Konrad

    2015-01-26

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common global cancer. When HCC is diagnosed early, interventions such as percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), percutaneous acetic acid injection (PAI), or radiofrequency (thermal) ablation (RF(T)A) may have curative potential and represent less invasive alternatives to surgery. To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of PEI or PAI in adults with early HCC defined according to the Milan criteria, that is, one cancer nodule up to 5 cm in diameter or up to three cancer nodules up to 3 cm in diameter compared with no intervention, sham intervention, each other, other percutaneous interventions, or surgery. We searched the Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register (July 2014), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2014, Issue 6), MEDLINE (1946 to July 2014), EMBASE (1976 to July 2014), and Science Citation Index Expanded (1900 to July 2014). We handsearched meeting abstracts of six oncological and hepatological societies and references of articles to July 2014. We contacted researchers in the field. We considered randomised clinical trials comparing PEI or PAI versus no intervention, sham intervention, each other, other percutaneous interventions, or surgery for the treatment of early HCC regardless of blinding, publication status, or language. We excluded studies comparing RFA or combination of different interventions as such interventions have been or will be addressed in other Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group systematic reviews. Two review authors independently selected trials for inclusion, and extracted and analysed data. We calculated the hazard ratios (HR) for median overall survival and recurrence-free survival using the Cox regression model with Parmar's method. We reported type and number of adverse events descriptively. We assessed risk of bias by The Cochrane Collaboration domains to reduce systematic errors and risk of play of chance by trial sequential analysis to

  14. Comparison of one-year outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndromes (from the CUSTOMIZE Registry).

    PubMed

    Caggegi, Anna; Capodanno, Davide; Capranzano, Piera; Chisari, Alberto; Ministeri, Margherita; Mangiameli, Andrea; Ronsivalle, Giuseppe; Ricca, Giovanni; Barrano, Giombattista; Monaco, Sergio; Di Salvo, Maria Elena; Tamburino, Corrado

    2011-08-01

    Uncertainty surrounds the optimal revascularization strategy for patients with left main coronary artery disease presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), and adequately sized specific comparisons of percutaneous and surgical revascularization in this scenario are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of 1-year major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with left main coronary artery disease and ACS treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and drug-eluting stent implantation or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A total of 583 patients were included. At 1 year, MACEs were significantly higher in patients treated with PCI (n = 222) compared to those treated with CABG (n = 361, 14.4% vs 5.3%, p <0.001), driven by a higher rate of target lesion revascularization (8.1% vs 1.7%, p = 0.001). This finding was consistent after statistical adjustment for MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 5.9, p = 0.01) and target lesion revascularization (adjusted HR 8.0, 95% CI 2.2 to 28.7, p = 0.001). No statistically significant differences between PCI and CABG were noted for death (adjusted HR 1.1, 95% CI 0.4 to 3.0, p = 0.81) and myocardial infarction (adjusted HR 4.8, 95% CI 0.3 to 68.6, p = 0.25). No interaction between clinical presentation (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction or unstable angina/non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) and treatment (PCI or CABG) was observed (p for interaction = 0.68). In conclusion, in patients with left main coronary artery disease and ACS, PCI is associated with similar safety compared to CABG but higher risk of MACEs driven by increased risk of repeat revascularization. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Comparative effectiveness and safety of a catheterization laboratory-only eptifibatide dosing strategy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Gurm, Hitinder S; Hosman, Carrie; Bates, Eric R; Share, David; Hansen, Ben B

    2015-02-01

    Eptifibatide, a small-molecule glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, is conventionally administered as a bolus plus infusion. A growing number of clinicians are using a strategy of catheterization laboratory-only eptifibatide (an off-label use) as procedural pharmacotherapy for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention although the comparative effectiveness of this approach is unknown. We compared the in-hospital outcome of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention across 47 hospitals and treated with eptifibatide bolus plus infusion with those treated with a catheterization laboratory-only regimen. We used optimal matching to link the use of catheterization laboratory-only eptifibatide with clinical outcomes, including mortality, myocardial infarction, bleeding, and need for transfusion. Of the 84 678 percutaneous coronary interventions performed during 2010 to 2011, and meeting our inclusion criteria, eptifibatide was administered to 21 296 patients. Of these, a catheterization laboratory-only regimen was used in 4511 patients, whereas 16 785 patients were treated with bolus plus infusion. In the optimally matched analysis, compared with bolus plus infusion, a catheterization laboratory-only regimen was associated with a reduction in bleeding (optimally matched adjusted odds ratio, 0.74; 95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.93; P=0.014) and need for transfusion (optimally matched adjusted odds ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.52-0.92; P=0.012), with no difference in mortality or myocardial infarction. A catheterization laboratory-only eptifibatide regimen is commonly used in clinical practice and is associated with a significant reduction in bleeding complications in patients undergoing contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

  16. Effect of sleep-inducing music on sleep in persons with percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography in the cardiac care unit.

    PubMed

    Ryu, Min-Jung; Park, Jeong Sook; Park, Heeok

    2012-03-01

    The study compared the effect of earplug-delivered sleep-inducing music on sleep in persons with percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography in the cardiac care unit. Diverse types of music have been claimed to improve sleeping elsewhere, but relatively little is known in South Korea. Most studies investigating the effect of sleep-inducing music on sleep have involved persons with insomnia, even though many persons with cardiovascular disease in the intensive care unit suffer from sleeping problems. There is a need to investigate the effect of sleep-inducing music on sleep disorders in persons with percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography in the cardiac care unit. An experimental research design was used. Data collection was conducted in the cardiac care unit of K University Hospital in D city, from 3 September-4 October 2010. Fifty-eight subjects participated and were randomly assigned to the experimental group (earplug-delivered sleep-inducing music for 52 min beginning at 10:00 pm, while wearing an eyeshield, n = 29) and the control group (no music, but earplugs and eyeshield worn, n = 29). The quantity and quality of sleep were measured using questionnaires at 7 am the next morning for each group. Participants in the experimental group reported that the sleeping quantity and quality were significantly higher than control group (t = 3·181, p = 0·002, t = 5·269, p < 0·001, respectively). Sleep-inducing music significantly improved sleep in patients with percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography at a cardiac care unit. Offering earplugs and playing sleep-inducing music may be a meaningful and easily enacted nursing intervention to improve sleep for intensive care unit patients. Nurses working at cardiac care unit can use music to improve sleeping in clients with percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  17. [Percutaneous coronary intervention of unprotected left main coronary compared with coronary artery bypass grafting; 3 years of experience in the National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico].

    PubMed

    López-Aguilar, Carlos; Abundes-Velasco, Arturo; Eid-Lidt, Guering; Piña-Reyna, Yigal; Gaspar-Hernández, Jorge

    The best revascularisation method of the unprotected left main artery is a current and evolving topic. A total of 2439 percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) were registered during a 3-year period. The study included all the patients with PCI of the unprotected left main coronary (n=48) and matched with patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) (n=50). Major adverse cerebral and cardiac events (MACCE) were assessed within the hospital and in outpatients during a 16 month follow up. The cardiovascular risk was greater in the PCI group; logEuroSCORE 16±21 vs. 5±6, P=.001; clinical Syntax 77±74 vs 53±39, P=.04. On admission, the PCI group of patients had a higher frequency of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and cardiogenic shock. The MACCE were similar in both groups (14% vs. 18%, P=.64). STEMI was less frequent in the PCI group (0% vs. 10%, P=.03). Cardiovascular events were lower in the PCI group (2.3% vs. 18%, P=.01), and there was a decrease in general and cardiac mortality (2.3% vs. 12%, P=.08 y 2.3% vs. 8%, P=.24), on excluding the patients with cardiogenic shock as a presentation. MACCE were similar in both groups in the out-patient phase (15% vs. 12%, P=.46). Survival without MACCE, general and cardiac death were comparable between groups (log rank, P=.38, P=.44 and P=.16, respectively). Even though the clinical and peri-procedural risk profile of the PCI patients were higher, the in-hospital and out-hospital efficacy and safety were comparable with CABG. Copyright © 2016 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  18. Percutaneous intervention versus coronary artery bypass graft surgery in left main coronary artery stenosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xin-Lin; Zhu, Qing-Qing; Yang, Jing-Jing; Chen, Yu-Han; Li, Yang; Zhu, Su-Hui; Xie, Jun; Wang, Lian; Kang, Li-Na; Xu, Biao

    2017-04-21

    The optimal revascularization technique in patients with left main coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. We aimed to compare the long-term performance of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in treatment of left main CAD. PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched until November 16, 2016. Six randomized controlled trials and 22 matched observational studies including 22,487 patients and 90,167 patient-years of follow-up were included. PCI was associated with an overall higher risk for the major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (hazard ratio (HR), 1.42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.14-1.77), mainly driven by higher rates of myocardial infarction (HR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.22-2.34) and revascularization (HR, 2.80; 95% CI, 1.86-4.22). The overall risks for all-cause death (HR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.93-1.20), cardiac death (HR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.69-1.59), stroke (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.33-1.24), and the composite safety endpoint of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke (HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.97-1.16) were similar between PCI and CABG. Stratified analysis based on stent types showed that the increased risk for myocardial infarction associated with PCI was only evident in patients with bare-metal stents or early-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), but not newer-generation DES. Stratified analyses based on study designs showed largely similar findings with the overall analyses, except for a significantly higher incidence of myocardial infarction in adjusted studies (HR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.64-2.45) but a trend toward higher incidence in randomized trials (HR, 1.39; 95% CI, 0.85-2.27) associated with PCI. Compared with CABG, PCI with newer-generation DES might be a safe alternative revascularization strategy for treatment of left main CAD, but is associated with more repeat revascularization.

  19. Percutaneous intervention of chronic total occlusion of anomalous right coronary artery originating from left sinus – Use of mother and child technique using guideliner

    PubMed Central

    Senguttuvan, Nagendra Boopathy; Sharma, Samin K.; Kini, Annapoorna

    2015-01-01

    Anomalous origin of right coronary artery (RCA) from left sinus is a rare clinical entity. Percutaneous coronary intervention of such an anomalous RCA, which is chronically occluded, is difficult and is rarely described. We describe such an intervention in a patient, who had a chronic total occlusion of anomalous RCA and discuss the technical issues associated with such interventions. PMID:26995429

  20. Use of Mechanical Circulatory Support in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Khera, Rohan; Cram, Peter; Vaughan-Sarrazin, Mary; Horwitz, Phillip A.; Girotra, Saket

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous ventricular assist devices (PVADs) and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) are used to provide mechanical circulatory support (MCS) for high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Contemporary trends in their utilization and impact on in-hospital mortality are not known. Using the National Inpatient Sample (2004–2012), we identified 5031 patients who received a PVAD and 122,333 who received an IABP on the same day as PCI using ICD9 codes. Utilization of MCS increased from 1.3% of all PCIs in 2004 to 3.4% in 2012 (P trend<0.001), with increase in the use of both PVAD (<1/10000 PCIs [2004–2007] to 38/10000 [2012]) and IABP (132/10000 PCIs [2004] to 299/10000[2012] P<0.0001 for both). PVAD recipients were older (69 vs. 65 years), more likely to have heart failure (68% vs. 41%), chronic kidney disease (27% vs. 11%, P<0.001 for all), and be admitted electively (30% vs. 11%), but less likely to have AMI (52% vs. 90%), cardiogenic shock (23% vs. 50%) or need mechanical ventilation (16% vs. 29%) compared to IABP recipients. Unadjusted in-hospital mortality was lower in PVAD compared to IABP recipients (12.8% vs. 20.9%, P<0.001). However, in propensity-matched analyses (1:2), in-hospital mortality was similar in both groups (odds ratio 0.88, 95% CI 0.70–1.09). In conclusion, there has been a marked increase in the utilization of MCS in patients undergoing PCI. Unadjusted mortality with use of PVADs is lower than IABP but may be due to their selective use in lower-risk patients. Randomized trials are necessary to establish their effectiveness in supporting high-risk PCI. PMID:26547292

  1. Meta-analysis of randomized trials of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty versus atherectomy, cutting balloon atherotomy, or laser angioplasty.

    PubMed

    Bittl, John A; Chew, Derek P; Topol, Eric J; Kong, David F; Califf, Robert M

    2004-03-17

    We conducted a systematic overview (meta-analysis) of randomized trials of balloon angioplasty versus coronary atherectomy, laser angioplasty, or cutting balloon atherotomy to evaluate the effects of plaque modification during percutaneous coronary intervention. Several mechanical approaches have been developed that ablate or section atheromatous plaque during percutaneous coronary interventions to optimize acute results, minimize intimal injury, and reduce complications and restenosis. Sixteen trials (9,222 patients) constitute the randomized controlled experience with atherectomy, laser, or atherotomy versus balloon angioplasty with or without coronary stenting. Each trial tested the hypothesis that ablative therapy would result in better clinical or angiographic results than balloon dilation alone. Short-term death rates (<31 days) were not improved by the use of ablative procedures (0.3% vs. 0.4%, odds ratio [OR] 0.94 [95% confidence interval 0.46 to 1.92]), but periprocedural myocardial infarctions (4.4% vs. 2.5%, OR 1.83 [95% CI 1.43 to 2.34]) and major adverse cardiac events (5.1% vs. 3.3%, OR 1.54 [95% CI 1.25 to 1.89]) were increased. Angiographic restenosis rates (6,958 patients) were not improved with the ablative devices (38.9% vs. 37.4%, OR 1.06 [95% CI 0.97 to 1.17]). No reduction in revascularization rates (25.2% vs. 24.5%, OR 1.04 [95% CI 0.94 to 1.14]) or cumulative adverse cardiac events rates up to one year after treatment were seen with ablative devices (27.8% vs. 26.1%, OR 1.09 [95% CI 0.99 to 1.20]). The combined experience from randomized trials suggests that ablative devices failed to achieve predefined clinical and angiographic outcomes. This meta-analysis does not support the hypothesis that routine ablation or sectioning of atheromatous tissue is beneficial during percutaneous coronary interventions.

  2. [Relationship between epicardial adipose tissue and clinical prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Y Y; Li, X; Lin, W H; Liu, J J; Jing, R; Lu, Y J; Di, C Y; Shi, H Y; Gao, P

    2018-01-16

    Objective: To further evaluate the clinical value of epicardial adipose tissue volume (EATV) in predicting the prognosis of coronary heart disease (CHD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: From July 2013 to July 2016 in TEDA International Cardiovascular Disease Hospital, a total of 474 patients diagnosed with CHD were included in this study.According to the result of EATV, patients were divided into three groups, group A (EATV≤75 ml), group B (75 ml120.39 ml can be used as an independent risk factor for predicting the occurrence of MACE. Conclusion: The level of EATV is closely related to the occurrence of MACE events, and EATV>120.39 ml is an independent risk factor for MACE in patients with CHD after PCI.

  3. Significance of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting compared with percutaneous coronary intervention: a propensity score analysis.

    PubMed

    Marui, Akira; Kimura, Takeshi; Tanaka, Shiro; Furukawa, Yutaka; Kita, Toru; Sakata, Ryuzo

    2012-01-01

    Although there have been several studies that compared the efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the impact of off-pump CABG (OPCAB) has not been well elucidated. The objective of the present study was to compare the outcomes after PCI, on-pump CABG (ONCAB), and OPCAB in patients with multivessel and/or left main disease. Among the 9877 patients undergoing first PCI using bare-metal stents or CABG who were enrolled in the CREDO-Kyoto Registry, 6327 patients with multivessel and/or left main disease were enrolled into the present study (67.9±9.8 years old). Among them, 3877 patients received PCI, 1388 ONCAB, and 1069 OPCAB. Median follow-up was 3.5 years. Comparing PCI with all CABG (ONCAB and OPCAB), propensity-score-adjusted all-cause mortality after PCI was higher than that CABG (hazard ratio (95% confidence interval): 1.37 (1.15-1.63), p<0.01). The incidence of stroke was lower after PCI than that after CABG (0.75 (0.59-0.96), p=0.02). CABG was associated with better survival outcomes than PCI in the elderly (interaction p=0.04). Comparing OPCAB with PCI or ONCAB, propensity-score-adjusted all-cause mortality after PCI was higher than that after OPCAB (1.50 (1.20-1.86), p<0.01). Adjusted mortality was similar between ONCAB and OPCAB (1.18 (0.93-1.51), p=0.33). The incidence of stroke after OPCAB was similar to that after PCI (0.98 (0.71-1.34), p>0.99), but incidence of stroke after ONCAB was higher than that after OPCAB (1.59 (1.16-2.18), p<0.01). In patients with multivessel and/or left main disease, CABG, particularly OPCAB, is associated with better survival outcomes than PCI using bare-metal stents. Survival outcomes are similar between ONCAB and OPCAB.

  4. Significance of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting compared with percutaneous coronary intervention: a propensity score analysis

    PubMed Central

    Marui, Akira; Kimura, Takeshi; Tanaka, Shiro; Furukawa, Yutaka; Kita, Toru; Sakata, Ryuzo

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Although there have been several studies that compared the efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the impact of off-pump CABG (OPCAB) has not been well elucidated. The objective of the present study was to compare the outcomes after PCI, on-pump CABG (ONCAB), and OPCAB in patients with multivessel and/or left main disease. METHODS Among the 9877 patients undergoing first PCI using bare-metal stents or CABG who were enrolled in the CREDO-Kyoto Registry, 6327 patients with multivessel and/or left main disease were enrolled into the present study (67.9 ± 9.8 years old). Among them, 3877 patients received PCI, 1388 ONCAB, and 1069 OPCAB. Median follow-up was 3.5 years. RESULTS Comparing PCI with all CABG (ONCAB and OPCAB), propensity-score-adjusted all-cause mortality after PCI was higher than that CABG (hazard ratio (95% confidence interval): 1.37 (1.15–1.63), p < 0.01). The incidence of stroke was lower after PCI than that after CABG (0.75 (0.59–0.96), p = 0.02). CABG was associated with better survival outcomes than PCI in the elderly (interaction p = 0.04). Comparing OPCAB with PCI or ONCAB, propensity-score-adjusted all-cause mortality after PCI was higher than that after OPCAB (1.50 (1.20–1.86), p < 0.01). Adjusted mortality was similar between ONCAB and OPCAB (1.18 (0.93–1.51), p = 0.33). The incidence of stroke after OPCAB was similar to that after PCI (0.98 (0.71–1.34), p > 0.99), but incidence of stroke after ONCAB was higher than that after OPCAB (1.59 (1.16–2.18), p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS In patients with multivessel and/or left main disease, CABG, particularly OPCAB, is associated with better survival outcomes than PCI using bare-metal stents. Survival outcomes are similar between ONCAB and OPCAB. PMID:21676626

  5. Use of antegrade dissection re-entry in coronary chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention in a contemporary multicenter registry.

    PubMed

    Danek, Barbara Anna; Karatasakis, Aris; Karmpaliotis, Dimitri; Alaswad, Khaldoon; Yeh, Robert W; Jaffer, Farouc A; Patel, Mitul; Bahadorani, John; Lombardi, William L; Wyman, Michael R; Grantham, J Aaron; Doing, Anthony; Moses, Jeffrey W; Kirtane, Ajay; Parikh, Manish; Ali, Ziad A; Kalra, Sanjog; Kandzari, David E; Lembo, Nicholas; Garcia, Santiago; Rangan, Bavana V; Thompson, Craig A; Banerjee, Subhash; Brilakis, Emmanouil S

    2016-07-01

    We assessed efficacy and safety of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using antegrade dissection re-entry (ADR). We examined outcomes of ADR among 1313 CTO PCIs performed at 11 US centers between 2012-2015. 84.1% of patients were men. Prevalence of prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery was 34.3%. Overall technical and procedural success were 90.1% and 88.7%, respectively. In-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) occurred in 31 patients (2.4%). ADR was used in 458 cases (34.9%), and was the first strategy in 169 cases (12.9%). ADR cases were angiographically more complex than non-ADR cases (mean J-CTO score: 2.8±1.2 vs. 2.4±1.2, p<0.001). ADR was performed using the CrossBoss catheter in 246 of 458 (53.7%) and the Stingray system in 251 ADR cases (54.8%). Compared with non-ADR cases, ADR cases had lower technical (86.9% vs. 91.8%, p=0.005) and procedural success (85.0% vs. 90.7%, p=0.002), but similar risk for MACE (2.9% vs. 2.2%, p=0.42). ADR was associated with longer procedure and fluoroscopy time, and higher patient air kerma dose and contrast volume (all p<0.001). After excluding retrograde cases, ADR and antegrade wire escalation (AWE) had similar technical success (92.7% vs. 94.2%, p=0.43), procedural success (91.8% vs. 94.1%, p=0.23), and MACE (2.1% vs. 0.6%, p=0.12). ADR is used relatively frequently in contemporary CTO PCI, especially for challenging lesions and after failure of other strategies. ADR is associated with similar success rates and risk for complications as compared with AWE, and is important for achieving high procedural success. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  6. Use of Antegrade Dissection Re-entry in Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a Contemporary Multicenter Registry

    PubMed Central

    Danek, Barbara Anna; Karatasakis, Aris; Karmpaliotis, Dimitri; Alaswad, Khaldoon; Yeh, Robert W.; Jaffer, Farouc A.; Patel, Mitul; Bahadorani, John; Lombardi, William L.; Wyman, Michael R.; Grantham, J. Aaron; Doing, Anthony; Moses, Jeffrey W.; Kirtane, Ajay; Parikh, Manish; Ali, Ziad; Kalra, Sanjog; Kandzari, David E.; Lembo, Nicholas; Garcia, Santiago; Rangan, Bavana V.; Thompson, Craig A.; Banerjee, Subhash; Brilakis, Emmanouil S.

    2016-01-01

    Background We assessed efficacy and safety of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using antegrade dissection re-entry (ADR). Methods We examined outcomes of ADR among 1,313 CTO PCIs performed at 11 US centers between 2012-2015. Results 84.1% of patients were men. Prevalence of prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery was 34.3%. Overall technical and procedural success were 90.1% and 88.7%, respectively. In-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) occurred in 31 patients (2.4%). ADR was used in 458 cases (34.9%), and was the first strategy in 169 cases (12.9 %). ADR cases were angiographically more complex than non-ADR cases (mean J-CTO score: 2.8±1.2 vs. 2.4±1.2, p<0.001). ADR was performed using the CrossBoss catheter in 246 of 458 (53.7%) and the Stingray system in 251 ADR cases (54.8%). Compared with non-ADR cases, ADR cases had lower technical (86.9% vs. 91.8%, p=0.005) and procedural success (85.0% vs. 90.7%, p=0.002), but similar risk for MACE (2.9% vs. 2.2%, p=0.42). ADR was associated with longer procedure and fluoroscopy time, and higher patient air kerma dose and contrast volume (all p<0.001). After excluding retrograde cases, ADR and antegrade wire escalation (AWE) had similar technical success (92.7% vs. 94.2%, p=0.43) procedural success (91.8% vs. 94.1%, p=0.23), and MACE (2.1% vs. 0.6%, p=0.12). Conclusions ADR is used relatively frequently in contemporary CTO PCI, especially for challenging lesions and after failure of other strategies. ADR is associated with similar success rates and risk for complications as compared with AWE, and is important for achieving high procedural success. PMID:27088405

  7. The Effect of Sex and Anthropometry on Clinical Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Complex Coronary Lesions.

    PubMed

    Lee, Seung Yul; Shin, Dong Ho; Kim, Jung Sun; Kim, Byeong Keuk; Ko, Young Guk; Choi, Donghoon; Jang, Yangsoo; Hong, Myeong Ki

    2017-03-01

    To evaluate the effects of sex and anthropometry on clinical outcomes in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). From three randomized trials (REal Safety and Efficacy of 3-month dual antiplatelet Therapy following Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stent implantation, Impact of intraVascular UltraSound guidance on outcomes of Xience Prime stents in Long lesions, Chronic Total Occlusion InterVention with drUg-eluting Stents), we compared 333 pairs of men and women matched by propensity scores, all of whom underwent intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI for complex lesions. For 12 months, the incidence of adverse cardiac events, defined as the composite of cardiac death, target lesion-related myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization, was not different between women and men (2.4% vs. 2.4%, p=0.939). Using multivariable Cox's regression analysis, post-intervention minimum lumen area [MLA; hazard ratio (HR)=0.620, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.423-0.909, p=0.014] by IVUS was a predictor of adverse cardiac events. Height on anthropometry and lesions with chronic total occlusion were significantly related to post-intervention MLA. However, female sex was not independently associated with post-intervention MLA. In an age and sex-adjusted model, patients in the low tertile of height exhibited a greater risk for adverse cardiac events than those in the high tertile of height (HR=6.391, 95% CI=1.160-35.206, p=0.033). Sex does not affect clinical outcomes after PCI for complex lesions. PCI outcomes, however, may be adversely affected by height.

  8. The Effect of Sex and Anthropometry on Clinical Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Complex Coronary Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Seung-Yul; Shin, Dong-Ho; Kim, Jung-Sun; Kim, Byeong-Keuk; Ko, Young-Guk; Choi, Donghoon; Jang, Yangsoo

    2017-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the effects of sex and anthropometry on clinical outcomes in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Materials and Methods From three randomized trials (REal Safety and Efficacy of 3-month dual antiplatelet Therapy following Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stent implantation, Impact of intraVascular UltraSound guidance on outcomes of Xience Prime stents in Long lesions, Chronic Total Occlusion InterVention with drUg-eluting Stents), we compared 333 pairs of men and women matched by propensity scores, all of whom underwent intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI for complex lesions. Results For 12 months, the incidence of adverse cardiac events, defined as the composite of cardiac death, target lesion–related myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization, was not different between women and men (2.4% vs. 2.4%, p=0.939). Using multivariable Cox's regression analysis, post-intervention minimum lumen area [MLA; hazard ratio (HR)=0.620, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.423–0.909, p=0.014] by IVUS was a predictor of adverse cardiac events. Height on anthropometry and lesions with chronic total occlusion were significantly related to post-intervention MLA. However, female sex was not independently associated with post-intervention MLA. In an age and sex-adjusted model, patients in the low tertile of height exhibited a greater risk for adverse cardiac events than those in the high tertile of height (HR=6.391, 95% CI=1.160–35.206, p=0.033). Conclusion Sex does not affect clinical outcomes after PCI for complex lesions. PCI outcomes, however, may be adversely affected by height. PMID:28120559

  9. Effects of Age and Sex on Clinical Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Relative to Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients With Triple-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease.

    PubMed

    Yamaji, Kyohei; Shiomi, Hiroki; Morimoto, Takeshi; Nakatsuma, Kenji; Toyota, Toshiaki; Ono, Koh; Furukawa, Yutaka; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Kadota, Kazushige; Ando, Kenji; Shirai, Shinichi; Onodera, Tomoya; Watanabe, Hirotoshi; Natsuaki, Masahiro; Sakata, Ryuzo; Hanyu, Michiya; Nishiwaki, Noboru; Komiya, Tatsuhiko; Kimura, Takeshi

    2016-05-10

    Age and sex are important considerations in the choice between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in daily clinical practice. Of 25 816 patients enrolled in the multicenter Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto (CREDO-Kyoto; Cohort-1, n=9877; Cohort-2, n=15 939), the present study population consisted of 5651 patients (men, n=3998; women, n=1653) with triple-vessel coronary artery disease who were considered to be pertinent in comparisons of PCI with CABG (PCI, n=3165; CABG, n=2486). Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the tertiles of age: ≤65 years (n=1972), 66 to 73 years (n=1820), and ≥74 years (n=1859). The excess adjusted mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG was significant in patients ≥74 years of age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-1.79; P=0.006), whereas the risks were neutral in patients ≤65 years of age (HR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.73-1.53; P=0.78) and in patients 66 to 73 years of age (HR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.78-1.36; P=0.85; interaction P=0.003). The excess mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG was significant in men (HR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.03-1.50; P=0.02) and trended to be significant in women (HR, 1.34; 95% CI, 0.98-1.84; P=0.07) without significant interaction between sex and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG (interaction P=0.40). There was a significant association between age and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG with excess risk in patients ≥74 years of age and neutral risk in younger patients. There was no significant sex-related difference in the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  10. Myocardial Injury after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for In-Stent Restenosis Versus de novo Stenosis.

    PubMed

    Shimonaga, Takashi; Kurisu, Satoshi; Watanabe, Noriaki; Ikenaga, Hiroki; Higaki, Tadanao; Iwasaki, Toshitaka; Ishibashi, Ken; Dohi, Yoshihiro; Fukuda, Yukihiro; Kihara, Yasuki

    2015-01-01

    Periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) remains a relatively common complication even after successful procedures. In-stent restenosis (ISR) may be involved in lesion-related factors for PMI. We compared the incidence of PMI between patients with ISR and those with de novo stenosis. The study population consisted of 121 patients with coronary artery disease who had been treated with statins and subsequently underwent angiographically successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Blood samples for troponin I were collected 18 to 24 hours after PCI. PMI was defined as an increase in the troponin I levels greater than 0.15 ng/mL. Major PMI was defined as an increase in the troponin I levels greater than 0.75 ng/mL. There were 34 patients with ISR and 87 patients with de novo stenosis. The incidence of PMI was similar between the two groups (47.1 % vs. 55.2 %, p=0.42). Among the patients with ISR, the incidences of PMI were 33.3 %, 60.0 % and 66.7 % in patients with focal ISR, diffuse ISR and diffuse proliferative ISR, respectively, although these differences were not statistically significant. The incidence of major PMI was significantly less frequent in patients with ISR than those with de novo stenosis (5.9 % vs. 25.3 %, p=0.03). A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ISR [odds ratio (OR) 0.22, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.03-0.90; p=0.03] and the maximum inflation pressure (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.04-1.30; p=0.009) were independent predictors of major PMI. Our results suggest that while PMI occurs in patients with ISR as commonly as those with de novo stenosis, major PMI occurs less frequently in patients with ISR.

  11. Comparative effectiveness analysis of anticoagulant strategies in a large observational database of percutaneous coronary interventions.

    PubMed

    Wise, Gregory R; Schwartz, Brian P; Dittoe, Nathaniel; Safar, Ammar; Sherman, Steven; Bowdy, Bruce; Hahn, Harvey S

    2012-06-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the most commonly used procedure for coronary revascularization. There are multiple adjuvant anticoagulation strategies available. In this era of cost containment, we performed a comparative effectiveness analysis of clinical outcomes and cost of the major anticoagulant strategies across all types of PCI procedures in a large observational database. A retrospective, comparative effectiveness analysis of the Premier observational database was conducted to determine the impact of anticoagulant treatment on outcomes. Multiple linear regression and logistic regression models were used to assess the association of initial antithrombotic treatment with outcomes while controlling for other factors. A total of 458,448 inpatient PCI procedures with known antithrombotic regimen from 299 hospitals between January 1, 2004 and March 31, 2008 were identified. Compared to patients treated with heparin plus glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI), bivalirudin was associated with a 41% relative risk reduction (RRR) for inpatient mortality, a 44% RRR for clinically apparent bleeding, and a 37% RRR for any transfusion. Furthermore, treatment with bivalirudin alone resulted in a cost savings of $976 per case. Similar results were seen between bivalirudin and heparin in all end-points. Combined use of both bivalirudin and GPI substantially attenuated the cost benefits demonstrated with bivalirudin alone. Bivalirudin use was associated with both improved clinical outcomes and decreased hospital costs in this large "real-world" database. To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate the ideal comparative effectiveness end-point of both improved clinical outcomes with decreased costs in PCI. ©2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Risk stratification of periprocedural myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention: Analysis based on the SCAI definition.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dong; Li, Yiping; Yin, Dong; He, Yuan; Chen, Changzhe; Song, Chenxi; Yan, Ruohua; Zhu, Chen'gang; Xu, Bo; Dou, Kefei

    2017-03-01

    To investigate the predictors of and generate a risk prediction method for periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using the new PMI definition proposed by the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI). The SCAI-defined PMI was found to be associated with worse prognosis than the PMI diagnosed by other definitions. However, few large-sample studies have attempted to predict the risk of SCAI-defined PMI. A total of 3,371 patients (3,516 selective PCIs) were included in this single-center retrospective analysis. The diagnostic criteria for PMI were set according to the SCAI definition. All clinical characteristics, coronary angiography findings and PCI procedural factors were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of PMI. To evaluate the risk of PMI, a multivariable risk score (PMI score) was constructed with incremental weights attributed to each component variable according to their estimated coefficients. PMI occurred in 108 (3.1%) of all patients. Age, multivessel treatment, at least one bifurcation treatment and total treated lesion length were independent predictors of SCAI-defined PMI. PMI scores ranged from 0 to 20. The C-statistic of PMI score was 0.71 (95% confidence interval: 0.66-0.76). PMI rates increased significantly from 1.96% in the non-high-risk group (PMI score < 10) to 6.26% in the high-risk group (PMI score ≥ 10) (P < 0.001). Age, multivessel treatment, at least one bifurcation treatment, and total treated lesion length are predictive of PMI. The PMI score could help identify patients at high risk of PMI after PCI. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Cost of elective percutaneous coronary intervention in Malaysia: a multicentre cross-sectional costing study

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Kun Yun; Ong, Tiong Kiam; Low, Ee Vien; Liow, Siow Yen; Anchah, Lawrence; Hamzah, Syuhada; Liew, Houng Bang; Ali, Rosli Mohd; Ismail, Omar; Ahmad, Wan Azman Wan; Said, Mas Ayu; Dahlui, Maznah

    2017-01-01

    Objectives Limitations in the quality and access of cost data from low-income and middle-income countries constrain the implementation of economic evaluations. With the increasing prevalence of coronary artery disease in Malaysia, cost information is vital for cardiac service expansion. We aim to calculate the hospitalisation cost of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), using a data collection method customised to local setting of limited data availability. Design This is a cross-sectional costing study from the perspective of healthcare providers, using top-down approach, from January to June 2014. Cost items under each unit of analysis involved in the provision of PCI service were identified, valuated and calculated to produce unit cost estimates. Setting Five public cardiac centres participated. All the centres provide full-fledged cardiology services. They are also the tertiary referral centres of their respective regions. Participants The cost was calculated for elective PCI procedure in each centre. PCI conducted for urgent/emergent indication or for patients with shock and haemodynamic instability were excluded. Primary and secondary outcome measures The outcome measures of interest were the unit costs at the two units of analysis, namely cardiac ward admission and cardiac catheterisation utilisation, which made up the total hospitalisation cost. Results The average hospitalisation cost ranged between RM11 471 (US$3186) and RM14 465 (US$4018). PCI consumables were the dominant cost item at all centres. The centre with daycare establishment recorded the lowest admission cost and total hospitalisation cost. Conclusions Comprehensive results from all centres enable comparison at the levels of cost items, unit of analysis and total costs. This generates important information on cost variations between centres, thus providing valuable guidance for service planning. Alternative procurement practices for PCI consumables may deliver cost reduction. For

  14. Feasibility of virtual 3-Fr percutaneous coronary intervention using standard guiding catheters

    PubMed Central

    Fujimoto, Kazuteru; Miyao, Yuji

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Recent studies have reported the efficacy of sheathless percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using hydrophilic-coated 5-Fr guiding catheters that are one to two Fr sizes smaller in diameter than the corresponding introducer sheath (virtual 3-Fr PCI). However, the limited number of shapes of hydrophilic-coated guiding catheters occasionally makes them difficult to engage and control. Aim To evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of virtual 3-Fr PCI using standard guiding catheters of various shapes. Material and methods We identified 35 consecutive patients with stable angina, who underwent virtual 3-Fr PCI using either hydrophilic-coated guiding catheters (Works™, Medikit, Japan) or standard guiding catheters (Heartrail™, Terumo, Japan). Results Thirty-five patients were identified (63% men; mean age 70 ±13 years). In 2 cases, hydrophilic-coated guiding catheters were exchanged to standard guiding catheters because of difficulty in engaging the target coronary arteries. Ultimately, standard guiding catheters were used in 20 patients (57%) and hydrophilic-coated catheters were used in 15 (43%). One of 20 patients treated with standard guiding catheters and 1 of 15 treated with hydrophilic-coated guiding catheters underwent the 4-in-3 “slender mother and child” PCI technique due to difficulty of stent deployment. There were no differences between the two groups in PCI procedural variables such as procedural time, fluoroscopy time, radiation dose, or contrast dye volume. There were no access site-related complications in this study. Conclusions These findings indicate that virtual 3-Fr PCI using standard guiding catheters is as efficient and safe as virtual 3-Fr PCI using hydrophilic-coated guiding catheters. PMID:25489315

  15. Re-initiating professional working activity after myocardial infarction in primary percutaneous coronary intervention networks era.

    PubMed

    Babić, Zdravko; Pavlov, Marin; Oštrić, Mirjana; Milošević, Milan; Misigoj Duraković, Marjeta; Pintarić, Hrvoje

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the aspects of return to work, socio-economic and quality of life aspects in 145 employed patients under 60 years of age treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. During hospital treatment demographic and clinical data was collected. Data about major adverse cardiovascular events, rehabilitation, sick leave, discharge from job and retirement, salary, major life events and estimation of quality of life after myocardial infarction were obtained after follow-up (mean: 836±242 days). Average sick leave was 126±125 days. Following myocardial infarction, 3.4% of patients were discharged from their jobs while 31.7% retired. Lower salary was reported in 17.9% patients, major life events in 9.7%, while 40.7% estimated quality of life as worse following the event. Longer hospitalization was reported in patients transferred from surrounding counties, those with inferior myocardial wall and right coronary artery affected. Age, hyperlipoproteinemia and lower education degree were connected to permanent working cessation. Significant salary decrease was observed in male patients. Employer type was related to sick leave duration. Impaired quality of life was observed in patients who underwent in-hospital rehabilitation and those from surrounding counties. Longer sick leave was observed in patients with lower income before and after myocardial infarction. These patients reported lower quality of life after myocardial infarction. Inadequate health policy and delayed cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction may lead to prolonged hospitalization and sick leave as well as lower quality of life after the event, regardless of optimal treatment in acute phase of disease. This work is available in Open Access model and licensed under a CC BY-NC 3.0 PL license.

  16. Percutaneous Treatment of Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion Part 2: Technical Approach

    PubMed Central

    Galassi, Alfredo; Grantham, Aaron; Kandzari, David; Lombardi, William; Moussa, Issam; Thompson, Craig; Werner, Gerald; Chambers, Charles

    2014-01-01

    Dual injection is recommended for nearly all chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to determine the optimal crossing strategy and guide wire advancement into the distal true lumen. Strategies that provide enhanced guide catheter support (such as long sheaths, large-bore guiding catheters, use of guide catheter extensions, and anchor techniques) are important for maximising the success rate and efficiency of CTO PCI. Use of a microcatheter or over-the-wire balloon is strongly recommended in CTO PCI for enhancing the penetrating power of the guidewire, enabling change in tip shape and allowing guidewire change (stiff CTO guidewires are not optimal for crossing non-occluded coronary segments). Adherence to a procedural strategy that standardises CTO technique and facilitates procedural success is recommended. Such a strategy would permit stepwise decision-making for antegrade and retrograde methods; inform guidewire selection; and incorporate alternative approaches for instances of initial failure. Given the paucity of long-term outcomes with use of novel crossing techniques (antegrade dissection/re-entry and retrograde), antegrade wire escalation is the preferred CTO crossing technique, if technically feasible. Using measures to minimise radiation exposure (including but not limited to use of 7.5 frames per second fluoroscopy and use of low magnification) and contrast administration is recommended. CTO PCI is best performed at centres with dedicated CTO PCI experience and expertise. Use of crossing difficulty prediction tools, such as the J-CTO score, can facilitate the selection of cases with a high likelihood of quick crossing that can be attempted at less experienced centres. PMID:29588803

  17. Patient Versus Physician Variation in Use of Transradial Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Shamim, Shariq; Tang, Fengming; Safley, David; Jones, Philip; Spertus, John A; Baklanov, Dmitri

    2017-06-15

    The prevalence of radial access for transradial catheterization remains low in the United States, occurring in only 28% of cases in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) CathPCI. It is unknown whether the low adoption rate has been influenced by patient characteristics or is more operator dependent. In a 10-center study, we compared clinical and demographic characteristics among 323 radial and 1,506 femoral access percutaneous coronary intervention (PCIs) performed by 65 interventionists capable of radial PCI. We created a hierarchical logistic regression model to identify operator and patient characteristics associated with radial PCI and the median rate ratio to quantify the variation across operators. A subset was interviewed to assess health literacy and preferences in shared medical decision making. Radial access was used in 17.7% of patients. Patient factors associated with lower rate of radial PCI were previous PCI (33.4% vs 41.4%, p = 0.008), history of coronary artery bypass graft (8.4% vs 23.0%, p <0.001), and chronic total occlusion PCI (10.2% vs 17.9%, p <0.001). Operator characteristics associated with lower rate of radial PCI are being older, being longer in practice, lower number of publications, and Southern practice location. The range of radial use across operators was 1% to 99% and the median rate ratio was 1.97. Patients with radial access had lower health literacy, as assessed by the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine Revised (REALM) score (6.6 ± 2.6 vs 7.1 ± 2.0, p = 0.03) but did not differ in their preferences for shared decision making. In conclusion, our study demonstrates a high degree of variability of radial access for PCI among different operators, with few differences in patient characteristics, suggesting that improvement efforts should focus on operators. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Persistent reservations against contradicted percutaneous coronary intervention indications: citation content analysis.

    PubMed

    Siontis, George C M; Tatsioni, Athina; Katritsis, Demosthenes G; Ioannidis, John P A

    2009-04-01

    Two large trials, Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE) and Occluded Artery Trial (OAT), found no benefits of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus optimal medical therapy in chronic stable coronary artery disease and chronic total occlusion. We examined the stance of articles citing COURAGE and OAT to determine whether some authors continue to defend PCI despite this evidence, what persisting counterarguments are raised to express reservations, and whether specific characteristics of the citations are associated with reservations. We evaluated all citing articles entered in the Web of Science until February 1, 2008. Specific characteristics were recorded for each eligible citation, and a citation content analysis was performed. Counterarguments were categorized on participants, interventions, comparisons, and outcomes. Of 54 articles citing COURAGE and 33 articles citing OAT, 10 (19%) and 5 (15%), respectively, had an overall reserved stance. Alluded reservations included lack of power, eroded effects from crossover, selective inclusion and exclusion of specific types of patients, suboptimal clinical setting, use of bare-metal stents, suspiciously good results in the conservative treatment arm, and suboptimal outcome choices or definitions. Reserved articles were more likely than unreserved ones to have an interventional cardiologist as corresponding author (odds ratio 5.2, 95% confidence interval 1.6-17.1; P = .007) and to be commentaries focusing on one of these trials (odds ratio 3.3, 95% confidence interval 1.0-11.0; P = .05). Despite strong randomized evidence, a fraction of the literature, mostly corresponded by interventional cardiologists, continues to raise reservations about recently contradicted indications of PCI.

  19. Determining the in-hospital cost of bleeding in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Ewen, Edward F; Zhao, Liping; Kolm, Paul; Jurkovitz, Claudine; Fidan, Dogan; White, Harvey D; Gallo, Richard; Weintraub, William S

    2009-06-01

    The economic impact of bleeding in the setting of nonemergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is poorly understood and complicated by the variety of bleeding definitions currently employed. This retrospective analysis examines and contrasts the in-hospital cost of bleeding associated with this procedure using six bleeding definitions employed in recent clinical trials. All nonemergent PCI cases at Christiana Care Health System not requiring a subsequent coronary artery bypass were identified between January 2003 and March 2006. Bleeding events were identified by chart review, registry, laboratory, and administrative data. A microcosting strategy was applied utilizing hospital charges converted to costs using departmental level direct cost-to-charge ratios. The independent contributions of bleeding, both major and minor, to cost were determined by multiple regression. Bootstrap methods were employed to obtain estimates of regression parameters and their standard errors. A total of 6,008 cases were evaluated. By GUSTO definitions there were 65 (1.1%) severe, 52 (0.9%) moderate, and 321 (5.3%) mild bleeding episodes with estimated bleeding costs of $14,006; $6,980; and $4,037, respectively. When applying TIMI definitions there were 91 (1.5%) major and 178 (3.0%) minor bleeding episodes with estimated costs of $8,794 and $4,310, respectively. In general, the four additional trial-specific definitions identified more bleeding events, provided lower estimates of major bleeding cost, and similar estimates of minor bleeding costs. Bleeding is associated with considerable cost over and above interventional procedures; however, the choice of bleeding definition impacts significantly on both the incidence and economic consequences of these events.

  20. Significance of off-hours in centralized primary percutaneous coronary intervention network.

    PubMed

    Becker, David; Soos, Pal; Berta, Balazs; Nagy, Andrea; Fulop, Gabor; Szabo, Gyorgy; Barczi, Gyorgy; Belicza, Eva; Martai, Istvan; Merkely, Béla

    2009-10-01

    To analyze the efficacy of a regionally organized primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) network at the Heart Center, Semmelweis University Budapest, part of the "Budapest model," and the factors that influence it. In order to investigate the differences between regular and off-hours patient care in a 24-hour myocardial infarction primary care system, we included 1890 consecutive, unselected patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and followed them until at least one year. The follow-up was complete for all participants. The difference between regular hours and off-hours mortality was not significant either after 30 days (8.6% vs 8.8%, respectively) or after 1 year (15.3% vs 14.7%, respectively). The rate of patients with re-infarction, frequency of re-intervention, and major adverse cardiac events, including death, re-infarction, re-intervention, and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, were similar in both patient groups. The time delay between the onset of chest pain and arrival to the clinic was 5.9+/-5.8 hours (mean+/- standard deviation) during regular hours and 5.2+/-4.6 hours during off-hours (P=0.235). Direct transport caused significant decrease in the 30-day and 1-year mortality independent of duty time (7.2% vs 9.9%, P=0.027; 12.6% vs 16.7%, P=0.028; respectively). Centralized primary PCI network of the "Budapest model" achieved the same level of patient care during both off-hours and regular hours.

  1. Coronary flow reserve in mitral stenosis before and after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty.

    PubMed

    Mahfouz, Ragab A; Gouda, Mohammad; Elawdy, Waleed; Dewedar, Ashraf

    2017-09-01

    We aimed to evaluate the coronary flow reserve (CFR) before and after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and its association to clinical events. A prospective study included 45 patients with mitral stenosis candidate for PBMV (age 38 ± 19 years, 27 were females) and 20 with matched age and sex, healthy controls were included in the study. Noninvasive CFR was measured using transthoracic echocardiography and utilizing adenosine stress echocardiography (0.14 mg/kg/min) before PMBV, and one weak post PBMV using multi-tract balloon valvuloplasty technique. CFR was significantly lower in patients with MS compared to controls (P < 0.001). Moreover the CFR was significantly increased post-PBMV (P < 0.001) associated with significant increase in LVEF% (P < 0.05), decrease in systolic pulmonary artery pressure (P < 0.001), significant increase in TAPSE (P < 0.001). CFR was significantly correlated with the degree of change (Δ) in MVA, TAPSE, LVEF%, mean mitral PG and sPAP (r = 0.77, P < 0.001, r = 0.63; P < 0.001; r = 0.42; P < 0.05; r = -0.81; P < 0.001 and r = -0.65; P < 0.001). Mitral valve stenosis was associated with significantly impaired coronary flow reserve that significantly improved after PMBV. The improved CFR values were significantly correlated with the gain in the MVA and the improvement in the functions of both left and right ventricles.

  2. Comparison of five-year outcome in African Americans versus Caucasians following percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Pradhan, Jyotiranjan; Schreiber, Theodore L; Niraj, Ashutosh; Veeranna, Vikas; Ramesh, Krithi; Saigh, Lisa; Afonso, Luis

    2008-07-01

    Studies regarding short-term outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have reported no ethnic differences and data on long-term follow-up is conflicting and sparse. 730 consecutive patients (67% African American) undergoing PCI from January 1999 to December 2000 at a tertiary care center in Detroit, MI, were followed up. End points studied included either all cause mortality collected from Social Security Death Index or first hospital admission after the index procedure due to myocardial infarction(MI), congestive heart failure(CHF), and revascularization (PCI or coronary artery bypass graft surgery). African-Americans undergoing PCI had significant differences in baseline cardiovascular co-morbidity and were more likely to present with acute myocardial infarction than Caucasians. On Kaplan Meier survival analysis and log rank test, each ethnic group had equivalent survival for cumulative end points upto 6-month follow-up, however longer follow-up to 5 year was characterized by lower survival rate in African Americans compared to Caucasians (41% vs. 54%, log rank P 0.01). After adjustment for potential confounders, AA ethnicity (Adjusted HR 1.62, 95% CI 1.01-1.28, P 0.04) remained a predictor of adverse cardiac outcome (Death/MI/CHF) at five-year follow-up (Cox regression propensity adjusted hazard analysis). African American patients undergoing PCI had unfavorable baseline cardiovascular characteristics but comparable short-term outcome compared to whites. However, at 5-year follow-up, African Americans had worse clinical outcome, higher incidence of acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and significantly lower long-term survival.

  3. Early Postoperative Results of Percutaneous Needle Fasciotomy in 451 Patients with Dupuytren Disease.

    PubMed

    Molenkamp, Sanne; Schouten, Tanneke A M; Broekstra, Dieuwke C; Werker, Paul M N; Moolenburgh, J Daniel

    2017-06-01

    Percutaneous needle fasciotomy is a minimally invasive treatment modality for Dupuytren disease. In this study, the authors analyzed the efficacy and complication rate of percutaneous needle fasciotomy using a statistical method that takes the multilevel structure of data, regarding multiple measurements from the same patient, into account. The data of 470 treated rays from 451 patients with Dupuytren disease that underwent percutaneous needle fasciotomy were analyzed retrospectively. The authors described the early postoperative results of percutaneous needle fasciotomy and applied linear mixed models to compare mean correction of passive extension deficit between joints and efficacy of primary versus secondary percutaneous needle fasciotomy. Mean preoperative passive extension deficits at the metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints were 37, 40, and 31 degrees, respectively. Mean preoperative total passive extension deficit was 54 degrees. Results were excellent, with a mean total passive extension deficit correction of 85 percent. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy was most effective for metacarpophalangeal joints and less effective for proximal interphalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints. Secondary percutaneous needle fasciotomy was as effective as primary percutaneous needle fasciotomy. Complications were rare and mostly minor. The results of this study confirm that percutaneous needle fasciotomy is an effective and safe treatment modality for patients with mild to moderate disease who prefer a minimally invasive procedure. Therapeutic, IV.

  4. Comparison of transradial and transfemoral artery approach for percutaneous coronary angiography and angioplasty: A retrospective seven-year experience from a north Indian center

    PubMed Central

    Tewari, Satyendra; Sharma, Naveen; Kapoor, Aditya; Syal, Sanjeev Kumar; Kumar, Sudeep; Garg, Naveen; Goel, Pravin K.

    2013-01-01

    Background With the increasing prevalence of coronary artery disease, percutaneous coronary artery procedures have become even more important. Our study has compared transradial to transfemoral artery approach for coronary procedures in Indian population. Aims and objective Comparison of transradial and transfemoral artery approach for percutaneous coronary procedures. Material & methods 26,238 patients, who underwent percutaneous coronary artery procedures, were divided into two groups depending upon transradial and transfemoral artery approach and compared for the various demographic and clinical characteristics, risk factors profile, vascular access and procedural details. Results 26,238 patients underwent percutaneous coronary procedures at our center. 81% were male and 19% were female. 55.65% and 44.35% procedures were done through transfemoral and transradial approach, respectively. 17,417 (66.38%) coronary angiographies were done, out of which 53.92% were transradial and 46.08% were transfemoral procedures. 8821 (33.62%) Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) were done, out of which 25.46% and 74.54% were done through transradial and transfemoral approach, respectively. Mean fluoroscopy time was 4.40 ± 3.55 min for transradial and 3.30 ± 3.66 min for transfemoral CAG (p < 0.001). For PTCA mean fluoroscopy time was 13.53 ± 2.53 min for transradial and 12.61 ± 9.524 min for transfemoral PTCA (p < 0.001). Minor and major procedure related complications and total duration of hospital stay were lower in transradial as compared to transfemoral group. Conclusion The number of percutaneous transradial procedures have increased significantly with reduced complication rates and comparable success rate to transfemoral approach, along with the additional benefits to patient in terms of patient comfort, preference and reduced cost of health delivery. PMID:23992998

  5. Comparison of transradial and transfemoral artery approach for percutaneous coronary angiography and angioplasty: a retrospective seven-year experience from a north Indian center.

    PubMed

    Tewari, Satyendra; Sharma, Naveen; Kapoor, Aditya; Syal, Sanjeev Kumar; Kumar, Sudeep; Garg, Naveen; Goel, Pravin K

    2013-01-01

    With the increasing prevalence of coronary artery disease, percutaneous coronary artery procedures have become even more important. Our study has compared transradial to transfemoral artery approach for coronary procedures in Indian population. Comparison of transradial and transfemoral artery approach for percutaneous coronary procedures. 26,238 patients, who underwent percutaneous coronary artery procedures, were divided into two groups depending upon transradial and transfemoral artery approach and compared for the various demographic and clinical characteristics, risk factors profile, vascular access and procedural details. 26,238 patients underwent percutaneous coronary procedures at our center. 81% were male and 19% were female. 55.65% and 44.35% procedures were done through transfemoral and transradial approach, respectively. 17,417 (66.38%) coronary angiographies were done, out of which 53.92% were transradial and 46.08% were transfemoral procedures. 8821 (33.62%) Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) were done, out of which 25.46% and 74.54% were done through transradial and transfemoral approach, respectively. Mean fluoroscopy time was 4.40 ± 3.55 min for transradial and 3.30 ± 3.66 min for transfemoral CAG (p < 0.001). For PTCA mean fluoroscopy time was 13.53 ± 2.53 min for transradial and 12.61 ± 9.524 min for transfemoral PTCA (p < 0.001). Minor and major procedure related complications and total duration of hospital stay were lower in transradial as compared to transfemoral group. The number of percutaneous transradial procedures have increased significantly with reduced complication rates and comparable success rate to transfemoral approach, along with the additional benefits to patient in terms of patient comfort, preference and reduced cost of health delivery. Copyright © 2013 Cardiological Society of India. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Demonstration of the Safety and Feasibility of Robotically Assisted Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Complex Coronary Lesions: Results of the CORA-PCI Study (Complex Robotically Assisted Percutaneous Coronary Intervention).

    PubMed

    Mahmud, Ehtisham; Naghi, Jesse; Ang, Lawrence; Harrison, Jonathan; Behnamfar, Omid; Pourdjabbar, Ali; Reeves, Ryan; Patel, Mitul

    2017-07-10

    The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility and technical success of robotically assisted percutaneous coronary intervention (R-PCI) for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in clinical practice, especially in complex lesions, and to determine the safety and clinical success of R-PCI compared with manual percutaneous coronary intervention (M-PCI). R-PCI is safe and feasible for simple coronary lesions. The utility of R-PCI for complex coronary lesions is unknown. All consecutive PCI procedures performed robotically (study group) or manually (control group) over 18 months were included. R-PCI technical success, defined as the completion of the procedure robotically or with partial manual assistance and without a major adverse cardiovascular event, was determined. Procedures ineligible for R-PCI (i.e., atherectomy, planned 2-stent strategy for bifurcation lesion, chronic total occlusion requiring hybrid approach) were excluded for analysis from the M-PCI group. Clinical success, defined as completion of the PCI procedure without a major adverse cardiovascular event, procedure time, stent use, and fluoroscopy time were compared between groups. A total of 315 patients (mean age 67.7 ± 11.8 years; 78% men) underwent 334 PCI procedures (108 R-PCIs, 157 lesions, 78.3% type B2/C; 226 M-PCIs, 336 lesions, 68.8% type B2/C). Technical success with R-PCI was 91.7% (rate of manual assistance 11.1%, rate of manual conversion 7.4%, rate of major adverse cardiovascular events 0.93%). Clinical success (99.1% with R-PCI vs. 99.1% with M-PCI; p = 1.00), stent use (stents per procedure 1.59 ± 0.79 with R-PCI vs. 1.54 ± 0.75 with M-PCI; p = 0.73), and fluoroscopy time (18.2 ± 10.4 min with R-PCI vs. 19.2 ± 11.4 min with M-PCI; p = 0.39) were similar between the groups, although procedure time was longer in the R-PCI group (44:30 ± 26:04 min:s vs. 36:34 ± 23:03 min:s; p = 0.002). Propensity-matched analysis confirmed that procedure time was longer

  7. Preprocedural High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Zanchin, Thomas; Räber, Lorenz; Koskinas, Konstantinos C; Piccolo, Raffaele; Jüni, Peter; Pilgrim, Thomas; Stortecky, Stefan; Khattab, Ahmed A; Wenaweser, Peter; Bloechlinger, Stefan; Moschovitis, Aris; Frenk, Andre; Moro, Christina; Meier, Bernhard; Fiedler, Georg M; Heg, Dik; Windecker, Stephan

    2016-06-01

    Cardiac troponin detected by new-generation, highly sensitive assays predicts clinical outcomes among patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) treated medically. The prognostic value of baseline high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) elevation in SCAD patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary interventions is not well established. This study assessed the association of preprocedural levels of hs-cTnT with 1-year clinical outcomes among SCAD patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Between 2010 and 2014, 6974 consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled in the Bern Percutaneous Coronary Interventions Registry. Among patients with SCAD (n=2029), 527 (26%) had elevated preprocedural hs-cTnT above the upper reference limit of 14 ng/L. The primary end point, mortality within 1 year, occurred in 20 patients (1.4%) with normal hs-cTnT versus 39 patients (7.7%) with elevated baseline hs-cTnT (P<0.001). Patients with elevated hs-cTnT had increased risks of all-cause (hazard ratio 5.73; 95% confidence intervals 3.34-9.83; P<0.001) and cardiac mortality (hazard ratio 4.68; 95% confidence interval 2.12-10.31; P<0.001). Preprocedural hs-TnT elevation remained an independent predictor of 1-year mortality after adjustment for relevant risk factors, including age, sex, and renal failure (adjusted hazard ratio 2.08; 95% confidence interval 1.10-3.92; P=0.024). A graded mortality risk was observed across higher tertiles of elevated preprocedural hs-cTnT, but not among patients with hs-cTnT below the upper reference limit. Preprocedural elevation of hs-cTnT is observed in one fourth of SCAD patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention. Increased levels of preprocedural hs-cTnT are proportionally related to the risk of death and emerged as independent predictors of all-cause mortality within 1 year. URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02241291. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  8. [Renal insufficiency and clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: a multi-centre study].

    PubMed

    Huo, Yong; Ho, Wa

    2007-12-18

    To investigate the association of renal insufficiency and clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome(ACS). The study was a multi-centre register study including 3,589 ACS patients coming from 39 centers across China who had received percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) prior to 1st February, 2007. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated for all patients using the 4-variable MDRD equation with the serum creatinine obtained before angiography. The association between renal insufficiency and clinical outcomes and the presence of in-hospital death and bleeding was studied by Fisher's exact test. Multi-variable analysis on the risk factors of in-hospital bleeding was done by logistic regression test. The mean age of the study population was (61.74+/-11.37) years (ranging from 23 years to 92 years)and 76.5% (2,746/3,589) of the population was male. Only 90 patients (2.51%) were known to have chronic kidney disease at the time of admission and 144 patients(4.01%) had serum creatinine levels above 133 micromol/L. However, after the evaluation of renal status by the MDRD equation, 2,250 patients (63.1%)showed a reduction in eGFR of less than 90 mL/min, of whom, 472 (13.1%) even reached the level of moderate renal insufficiency (eGFR<60 mL/min) and above. Seven patients(0.20%) were proved to have chronic total occlusion lesions(CTO) and eight (0.22%) needed shift to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) after angiography. Both the presence of CTO lesions and CABG were proved to be associated with decrease of renal function through Fisher's exact test (P= 0.005 8 and 0.041, respectively). The in-hospital mortality rate was 0.47%(17/3 589) which was associated with the degree of renal insufficiency (P=0.001 3). A total of 75 patients(2.09%) of in-hospital bleeding were recorded with 26 patients(0.72%) diagnosed as major bleeding events. 92% (69/75) of the bleeding events occurred after PCI. Bleeding was found to be associated with the

  9. The appropriateness of use of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in Spain.

    PubMed

    Aguilar, M D; Fitch, K; Lázaro, P; Bernstein, S J

    2001-05-01

    The rapid increase in the number of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) procedures performed in Spain in recent years raises questions about how appropriately this procedure is being used. To examine this issue, we studied the appropriateness of use of PTCA in Spanish patients and factors associated with inappropriate use. We applied criteria for the appropriate use of PTCA developed by an expert panel of Spanish cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons to a random sample of 1913 patients undergoing PTCA in Spain in 1997. The patients were selected through a two-step sampling process, stratifying by hospital type (public/private) and volume of procedures (low/medium/high). We examined the association between inappropriate use of PTCA and different clinical and sociodemographic factors. Overall, 46% of the PTCA procedures were appropriate, 31% were uncertain and 22% were inappropriate. Two factors contributing to inappropriate use were patients' receipt of less than optimal medical therapy and their failure to undergo stress testing. Institutional type and volume of procedures were not significantly related with inappropriate use. One of every five PTCA procedures in Spain is done for inappropriate reasons. Assuring that patients receive optimal medical therapy and undergo stress testing when indicated could contribute to more appropriate use of PTCA.

  10. Triple antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: a viewpoint.

    PubMed

    Gwyn, Jennifer C V; Thomas, Mark R; Kirchhof, Paulus

    2017-07-01

    Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are treated with dual antiplatelet therapy to reduce the risk of subsequent myocardial infarction (MI) and stent thrombosis. Approximately 5-10% of patients undergoing PCI also have atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients with AF have an additional requirement for anticoagulation, as dual antiplatelet therapy alone is insufficient to adequately reduce the risk of stroke in patients with AF. However, it is now well established that combining anticoagulants with dual antiplatelet therapy also causes a significant increase in the risk of bleeding. Hence, there is great interest in discovering the optimal blend of antiplatelet therapy and oral anticoagulation in this situation, aiming to reduce the risk of stent thrombosis, recurrent MI, and stroke, while also minimizing the risk of bleeding. Recent studies have experimented with combining oral anticoagulation with a single antiplatelet agent, rather than combining oral anticoagulation with dual antiplatelet therapy. These studies show that this reduces the risk of bleeding but are underpowered to determine whether this still provides as much cardiovascular benefit. This review summarizes the currently available evidence on this topic and highlights the key questions that remain to be answered including ongoing clinical trials in the field. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2017. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. Adequate antiplatelet regimen in patients on chronic anti-vitamin K treatment undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Brugaletta, Salvatore; Martin-Yuste, Victoria; Ferreira-González, Ignacio; Cola, Clarissa; Alvarez-Contreras, Luis; Antonio, Marta De; Garcia-Moll, Xavier; García-Picart, Joan; Martí, Vicens; Balcells-Iranzo, Jordi; Sabaté, Manel

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the impact of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAT) in patients on anti-vitamin K (AVK) regimen requiring percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Between February 2006 and February 2008, 138 consecutive patients under chronic AVK treatment were enrolled in this registry. Of them, 122 received bare metal stent implantation and 16 received drug eluting stent implantation. The duration of DAT, on top of AVK treatment, was decided at the discretion of the clinician. Adequate duration of DAT was defined according to type of stent implanted and to its clinical indication. RESULTS: The baseline clinical characteristics of patients reflect their high risk, with high incidence of comorbid conditions (Charlson score ≥ 3 in 89% of the patients). At a mean follow-up of 17 ± 11 mo, 22.9% of patients developed a major adverse cardiac event (MACE): 12.6% died from cardiovascular disease and almost 6% had an acute myocardial infarction. Major hemorrhagic events were observed in 7.4%. Adequate DAT was obtained in only 44% of patients. In the multivariate analysis, no adequate DAT and Charlson score were the only independent predictors of MACE (both P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Patients on chronic AVK therapy represent a high risk population and suffer from a high MACE rate after PCI. An adequate DAT regimen and absence of comorbid conditions are strongly associated with better clinical outcomes. PMID:22125672

  12. Preprocedural statin therapy reduces the risk and extent of cardiac biomarker release following percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Veselka, Josef; Procházková, Sárka; Duchonová, Radka; Homolová, Ingrid; Tesar, David; Bybee, Kevin A

    2006-05-01

    This study evaluates the association between statin therapy in patients treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for stable angina pectoris and postinterventional myocardial injury with subsequent long-term clinical outcome. Prospectively collected data on 400 consecutive patients with stable angina pectoris or evidence of inducible myocardial ischemia were analyzed. The incidence of myocardial infarction based on postinterventional release of troponin I>1.5 ng/ml was 12% in the statin pretreated patients and 20% in those not pretreated with statin therapy (P=0.04, odds ratio 1.84, 95% confidence interval 1.06-3.21). Of the patients experiencing a post-PCI troponin elevation>1.5 ng/ml, those pretreated with a statin pre-PCI had a lesser troponin elevation compared with those not receiving a statin pre-PCI (median: 2.9 ng/ml [1.9-11.5] vs 5.0 ng/ml [3.1-8.8]; P<0.001). In the multivariate model, preprocedural statin therapy was identified as the only independent negative predictor of procedure-related myocardial necrosis based on postprocedural troponin elevation. In the 21-month follow-up period, statin pretreated patients were observed to have fewer deaths, revascularizations, or myocardial infarction; however, this difference was not statistically significant. These results suggest that pretreatment with statins in patients undergoing PCI for stable angina pectoris reduces the risk and extent of procedure-related myocardial injury measured by troponin release.

  13. Complete Versus Incomplete Angiography Prior to Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

    PubMed

    Stiver, Kevin; Gao, Xu; Shreenivas, Satya; Boudoulas, Konstantinos Dean; Mazzaferri, Ernie; Makki, Nader; Lilly, Scott M

    2017-08-01

    Shorter reperfusion times in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are associated with improved survival. Prehospital strategies have been developed to minimize door-to-balloon (DTB) time, but few strategies within the catheterization laboratory itself have been evaluated. Incomplete angiography (IA) prior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is undertaken in clinical practice as a means to further reduce DTB time. We sought to determine whether or not those with STEMI who underwent IA prior to PCI had different preprocedural characteristics or post-PCI outcomes. We retrospectively reviewed patients presenting to our institution between March 2013 and December 2015. Clinical, demographic, and angiographic data were reviewed. The frequency, predictors, and outcomes among those who received IA vs complete angiography (CA) prior to PCI were compared with analysis of variance. Two hundred fifty-six patients were identified; 68 patients (26.6%) underwent IA and 188 patients (73.4%) had CA prior to PCI. Patients who received IA were younger, but no other preprocedural factors were predictive of IA. The practice of IA did vary by operator (range, 0%-47%; P<.01). DTB times were shorter in the IA group (28.1 min vs 37.3 min; P<.01). Overall outcomes, including peak troponin values, length of stay, in-hospital mortality, and discharge ejection fraction did not differ between the groups. IA is associated with shorter DTB times, although in this population was not associated with improvements in short-term outcomes.

  14. Aspirin desensitization in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: a survey of current practice.

    PubMed

    Chapman, Andrew R; Rushworth, Gordon F; Leslie, Stephen J

    2013-01-01

    Aspirin remains the mainstay of anti-platelet therapy in cardiac patients. However, if a patient is allergic to aspirin and dual anti-platelet therapy is indicated - such as with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), then there is no clear guidance. One possibility is aspirin desensitization. A variety of protocols exist for the rapid desensitization of patients with aspirin allergy. The aim of this survey was to assess current knowledge and practice regarding aspirin desensitization in the UK. We conducted a UK wide survey of all UK 116 PCI centers and obtained complete responses from 40 (35.4%) centers. Of these, just 7 (17.5%) centers had previously desensitised patients; 29 (87.9%) centers suggested a lack of a local protocol prevented them from desensitizing, with 10 (30.3%) unsure of how to conduct desensitization. Only 5 (12.5%) centers had a local policy for aspirin desensitization although 25 (64.1%) units had a clinical strategy for dealing with aspirin allergy; the majority (72%) giving higher doses of thienopyridine class drugs. In the UK, there appears to be no consistent approach to patients with aspirin allergy. Patients undergoing PCI benefit from dual anti-platelet therapy (including aspirin), and aspirin desensitization in those with known allergy may facilitate this. Sustained effort should be placed on encouraging UK centers to use desensitization as a treatment modality prior to PCI rather than avoiding aspirin altogether.

  15. Predicting complications of percutaneous coronary intervention using a novel support vector method.

    PubMed

    Lee, Gyemin; Gurm, Hitinder S; Syed, Zeeshan

    2013-01-01

    To explore the feasibility of a novel approach using an augmented one-class learning algorithm to model in-laboratory complications of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Data from the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium (BMC2) multicenter registry for the years 2007 and 2008 (n=41 016) were used to train models to predict 13 different in-laboratory PCI complications using a novel one-plus-class support vector machine (OP-SVM) algorithm. The performance of these models in terms of discrimination and calibration was compared to the performance of models trained using the following classification algorithms on BMC2 data from 2009 (n=20 289): logistic regression (LR), one-class support vector machine classification (OC-SVM), and two-class support vector machine classification (TC-SVM). For the OP-SVM and TC-SVM approaches, variants of the algorithms with cost-sensitive weighting were also considered. The OP-SVM algorithm and its cost-sensitive variant achieved the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the majority of the PCI complications studied (eight cases). Similar improvements were observed for the Hosmer-Lemeshow χ(2) value (seven cases) and the mean cross-entropy error (eight cases). The OP-SVM algorithm based on an augmented one-class learning problem improved discrimination and calibration across different PCI complications relative to LR and traditional support vector machine classification. Such an approach may have value in a broader range of clinical domains.

  16. Contrast induced nephropathy in hypertensive patients after elective percutaneous coronary intervention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aryfa Andra, Cut; Khairul, Andi; Aria Arina, Cut; Mukhtar, Zulfikri; Nyak Kaoy, Isfanuddin

    2018-03-01

    Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) is the third lead cause of hospital acquired renal failure and was associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that hypertension is an independent risk factor for the development of CIN in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The case-control method was used, 138 patients scheduled for elective PCI. We measured serum creatinine at baseline and after 24 hours of the procedure. CIN was defined as arising in serum creatinine of at least 44 μmol/l (0,5 mg/dl) or 25% rise from baseline. All patients received low osmolality nonionic contrast during PCI. Hypertension was defined as self-reported a history of treated or untreated diagnosed high blood pressure. One hundred thirty-eight patients (74,6%) were male, and 35 patients (25,4%) were female. Among the 138 patients, 86 (62,3%) were hypertensive patients whereas 52 (37,7%) were nonhypertensive patients. There was no difference in baseline serum creatinine levels and the amount of contrast media in patient with and without CIN. CIN developed in 42 patients, 39 patients (92,9%) were hypertensive compared to 3 patients (7,1%) without hypertension with p value < 0,05. (Odds ratio 16,8, 95% CI 4.542 - 62,412). This study showed that hypertension was a risk factor for the development of CIN

  17. Effects of massage on the anxiety of patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Peng, Sanying; Ying, Bie; Chen, Yi; Sun, Xiamei

    2015-03-01

    This study aimed to explore the effects of massage on the state anxiety of patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In accordance with the principle of the minimum allocation of imbalance index for comparability, a total of 117 cases that were ready to receive PCI were divided into two groups (59 in the intervention group and 58 in the control group). The patients in the control group received routine care, whereas the patients in the observation group were given massage intervention. The state anxiety, heart rate, and blood pressure of the two groups were observed and compared. Massage treatments reduced the emergency response and level of anxiety of cardiovascular patients before PCI. The post-intervention blood pressure, heart rate, and pain score of the intervention group were significantly better than those of the control group (P<0.05). Health professionals should pay attention to and strengthen the exploration of the effects of reasonable care intervention mode under PCI to promote the physical and mental health of patients, as well as improve their medical care satisfaction.

  18. Medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention and prognosis in patients with chronic total occlusions.

    PubMed

    Ladwiniec, Andrew; Allgar, Victoria; Thackray, Simon; Alamgir, Farquad; Hoye, Angela

    2015-12-01

    There is little published data reporting outcomes for those found to have a chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO) that is electively treated medically versus those treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to compare long-term clinical outcomes between patients treated by PCI and elective medical therapy in a consecutive cohort of patients with an identified CTO. Patients found to have a CTO on angiography between January 2002 and December 2007 in a single tertiary centre were identified using a dedicated database. Those undergoing CTO PCI and elective medical therapy to the CTO were propensity matched to adjust for baseline clinical and angiographic differences. In total, 1957 patients were identified, a CTO was treated by PCI in 405 (20.7%) and medical therapy in 667 (34.1%), 885 (45.2%) patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Of those treated by PCI or medical therapy, propensity score matching identified 294 pairs of patients, PCI was successful in 177 patients (60.2%). All-cause mortality at 5 years was 11.6% for CTO PCI and 16.7% for medical therapy HR 0.63 (0.40 to 1.00, p=0.052). The composite of 5-year death or myocardial infarction occurred in 13.9% of the CTO PCI group and 19.6% in the medical therapy group, HR 0.64 (0.42 to 0.99, p=0.043). Among the CTO PCI group, if the CTO was revascularised by any means during the study period, 5-year mortality was 10.6% compared with 18.3% in those not revascularised in the medical therapy group, HR 0.50 (0.28-0.88, p=0.016). Revascularisation, but not necessarily PCI of a CTO, is associated with improved long-term survival relative to medical therapy alone. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  19. High event rate after a first percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with diabetes mellitus: results from the Swedish coronary angiography and angioplasty registry.

    PubMed

    Ritsinger, Viveca; Saleh, Nawsad; Lagerqvist, Bo; Norhammar, Anna

    2015-06-01

    Patients with diabetes mellitus have reduced longevity after acute coronary syndromes and revascularization. However, knowledge of the long-term complication rates and patterns from an everyday life setting is lacking. Consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention included in the Swedish Coronary Angiography Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR) between 2006 and 2010 and with no previous revascularization were prospectively followed up for combined cardiovascular events (first of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure) until December 31, 2010. The mean follow-up period was 920 days (SD, 530 days). Differences in background and procedural characteristics were adjusted for in a multivariate Cox regression model. Of 58 891 patients, mean age 67 years, 19% had diabetes mellitus; 27% of them were on diet treatment, 33% on oral glucose lowering, and 40% on insulin treatment. At admission, cardiovascular risk factors, multiple coronary vessel, and left main stem disease were more frequent in patients with diabetes mellitus and their revascularization was less often complete. The adjusted risk for combined cardiovascular events was higher in patients on insulin (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval], 1.63 [1.55-1.72]), on oral treatment (1.23 [1.15-1.31]), and on diet alone (1.21 [1.12-1.29]) compared with patients without diabetes mellitus. Insulin-treated patients ran an increased risk of restenosis (1.54 [1.39-1.71]) and stent thrombosis (1.56 [1.25-1.96]). The prognosis after a first percutaneous coronary intervention is more severe in patients with diabetes mellitus, in particular, in patients treated with insulin, with higher rates of mortality, cardiovascular events, and stent thrombosis over the following 5 years. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

  20. Protocol for the China PEACE (Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events) retrospective study of coronary catheterisation and percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Li, Jing; Dharmarajan, Kumar; Li, Xi; Lin, Zhenqiu; Normand, Sharon-Lise T; Krumholz, Harlan M; Jiang, Lixin

    2014-03-07

    During the past decade, the volume of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in China has risen by more than 20-fold. Yet little is known about patterns of care and outcomes across hospitals, regions and time during this period of rising cardiovascular disease and dynamic change in the Chinese healthcare system. Using the China PEACE (Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events) research network, the Retrospective Study of Coronary Catheterisation and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (China PEACE-Retrospective CathPCI Study) will examine a nationally representative sample of 11 900 patients who underwent coronary catheterisation or PCI at 55 Chinese hospitals during 2001, 2006 and 2011. We selected patients and study sites using a two-stage cluster sampling design with simple random sampling stratified within economical-geographical strata. A central coordinating centre will monitor data quality at the stages of case ascertainment, medical record abstraction and data management. We will examine patient characteristics, diagnostic testing patterns, procedural treatments and in-hospital outcomes, including death, complications of treatment and costs of hospitalisation. We will additionally characterise variation in treatments and outcomes by patient characteristics, hospital, region and study year. The China PEACE collaboration is designed to translate research into improved care for patients. The study protocol was approved by the central ethics committee at the China National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases (NCCD) and collaborating hospitals. Findings will be shared with participating hospitals, policymakers and the academic community to promote quality monitoring, quality improvement and the efficient allocation and use of coronary catheterisation and PCI in China. http://www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01624896).

  1. Protocol for the China PEACE (Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events) retrospective study of coronary catheterisation and percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jing; Dharmarajan, Kumar; Li, Xi; Lin, Zhenqiu; Normand, Sharon-Lise T; Krumholz, Harlan M; Jiang, Lixin

    2014-01-01

    Introduction During the past decade, the volume of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in China has risen by more than 20-fold. Yet little is known about patterns of care and outcomes across hospitals, regions and time during this period of rising cardiovascular disease and dynamic change in the Chinese healthcare system. Methods and analysis Using the China PEACE (Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events) research network, the Retrospective Study of Coronary Catheterisation and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (China PEACE-Retrospective CathPCI Study) will examine a nationally representative sample of 11 900 patients who underwent coronary catheterisation or PCI at 55 Chinese hospitals during 2001, 2006 and 2011. We selected patients and study sites using a two-stage cluster sampling design with simple random sampling stratified within economical-geographical strata. A central coordinating centre will monitor data quality at the stages of case ascertainment, medical record abstraction and data management. We will examine patient characteristics, diagnostic testing patterns, procedural treatments and in-hospital outcomes, including death, complications of treatment and costs of hospitalisation. We will additionally characterise variation in treatments and outcomes by patient characteristics, hospital, region and study year. Ethics and dissemination The China PEACE collaboration is designed to translate research into improved care for patients. The study protocol was approved by the central ethics committee at the China National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases (NCCD) and collaborating hospitals. Findings will be shared with participating hospitals, policymakers and the academic community to promote quality monitoring, quality improvement and the efficient allocation and use of coronary catheterisation and PCI in China. Registration details http://www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01624896). PMID:24607563

  2. [Impact of novel P2Y12 receptor inhibitors on platelet reactivity in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention].

    PubMed

    Chong Tou, T J; Liu, P M; Wang, J F; Sio Cham, Z C; O U, Y F; Lei Sio, Z W; Lei Put, P Z; Lei Sok, S M; Zhou, S X; Wu, W

    2016-02-01

    To investigate the impact of novel P2Y(12) receptor inhibitors including prasugrel or ticagrelor on platelet reactivity in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and provide clinical data for novel oral P2Y(12) receptor inhibitors use among Chinese patients. Between October 2011 to February 2014, 174 consecutive patients (135 males; (67.8±11.8) years old) with ACS undergoing PCI in Kiang Wu Hospital, Macau were prospectively enrolled in this study. Oral aspirin and one P2Y(12) receptor inhibitor were administered for 5 days or above after PCI, patients were divided into clopidogrel, prasugrel and ticagrelor groups in accordance with the agent administered. Platelet reactivity of the patients was detected by VerifyNow P2Y(12) reaction unit (PRU); and the high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) and non-HPR were defined as PRU≥208 and PRU<208 respectively. Patients with HPR during clopidogrel therapy were switched either to prasugrel or ticagrelor, or continued the same treatment; and then the platelet reactivity was monitored again. There were 113 clopidogrel cases (64.9%), 20 prasugrel cases (11.5%) and 41 ticagrelor cases (23.6%). Fifty-seven cases (32.8%) were defined as HPR post P2Y(12) receptor inhibitor use, in which 55 cases (55/113, 48.7%) were treated with clopidogrel. The degree of inhibition of platelet reactivity was significantly different in patients on clopidogrel, prasugrel and ticagrelor therapy, percent inhibition assayed by the VerifyNow P2Y(12) system was 28.2%±23.5%, 61.4%±26.7% and 81.3%±19.8% respectively (P<0.05). Different degree of platelet reactivity was achieved by the 3 P2Y(12) receptor inhibitors at multiple time points. The among-group differences in platelet reactivity became apparent at the early treatment stage (P<0.05). Platelet aggregation decreased significantly in patients switched from clopidogrel to prasugrel or ticagrelor (P<0.05). Novel oral P2Y(12) receptor

  3. Sex Differences in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention-Insights From the Coronary Angiography and PCI Registry of the German Society of Cardiology.

    PubMed

    Heer, Tobias; Hochadel, Matthias; Schmidt, Karin; Mehilli, Julinda; Zahn, Ralf; Kuck, Karl-Heinz; Hamm, Christian; Böhm, Michael; Ertl, Georg; Hoffmeister, Hans Martin; Sack, Stefan; Senges, Jochen; Massberg, Steffen; Gitt, Anselm K; Zeymer, Uwe

    2017-03-20

    Several studies have suggested sex-related differences in diagnostic and invasive therapeutic coronary procedures. Data from consecutive patients who were enrolled in the Coronary Angiography and PCI Registry of the German Society of Cardiology were analyzed. We aimed to compare sex-related differences in in-hospital outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for stable coronary artery disease, non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes, ST elevation myocardial infarction, and cardiogenic shock. From 2007 until the end of 2009 data from 185 312 PCIs were prospectively registered: 27.9% of the PCIs were performed in women. Primary PCI success rate was identical between the sexes (94%). There were no sex-related differences in hospital mortality among patients undergoing PCI for stable coronary artery disease, non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes, or cardiogenic shock except among ST elevation myocardial infarction patients. Compared to men, women undergoing primary PCI for ST elevation myocardial infarction have a higher risk of in-hospital death, age-adjusted odds ratio (1.19, 95% CI 1.06-1.33), and risk of ischemic cardiac and cerebrovascular events (death, myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attack/stroke), (age-adjusted odds ratio 1.19, 95% CI 1.16-1.29). Furthermore, access-related complications were twice as high in women, irrespective of the indication. Despite identical technical success rates of PCI between the 2 sexes, women with PCI for ST elevation myocardial infarction have a 20% higher age-adjusted risk of death and of ischemic cardiac and cerebrovascular events. Further research is needed to determine the reasons for these differences. © 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.

  4. CVIT expert consensus document on primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in 2018.

    PubMed

    Ozaki, Yukio; Katagiri, Yuki; Onuma, Yoshinobu; Amano, Tetsuya; Muramatsu, Takashi; Kozuma, Ken; Otsuji, Satoru; Ueno, Takafumi; Shiode, Nobuo; Kawai, Kazuya; Tanaka, Nobuhiro; Ueda, Kinzo; Akasaka, Takashi; Hanaoka, Keiichi Igarashi; Uemura, Shiro; Oda, Hirotaka; Katahira, Yoshiaki; Kadota, Kazushige; Kyo, Eisho; Sato, Katsuhiko; Sato, Tadaya; Shite, Junya; Nakao, Koichi; Nishino, Masami; Hikichi, Yutaka; Honye, Junko; Matsubara, Tetsuo; Mizuno, Sumio; Muramatsu, Toshiya; Inohara, Taku; Kohsaka, Shun; Michishita, Ichiro; Yokoi, Hiroyoshi; Serruys, Patrick W; Ikari, Yuji; Nakamura, Masato

    2018-04-01

    While primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has significantly contributed to improve the mortality in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction even in cardiogenic shock, primary PCI is a standard of care in most of Japanese institutions. Whereas there are high numbers of available facilities providing primary PCI in Japan, there are no clear guidelines focusing on procedural aspect of the standardized care. Whilst updated guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction were recently published by European Society of Cardiology, the following major changes are indicated; (1) radial access and drug-eluting stent over bare metal stent were recommended as Class I indication, and (2) complete revascularization before hospital discharge (either immediate or staged) is now considered as Class IIa recommendation. Although the primary PCI is consistently recommended in recent and previous guidelines, the device lag from Europe, the frequent usage of coronary imaging modalities in Japan, and the difference in available medical therapy or mechanical support may prevent direct application of European guidelines to Japanese population. The Task Force on Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of the Japanese Association of Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics (CVIT) has now proposed the expert consensus document for the management of acute myocardial infarction focusing on procedural aspect of primary PCI.

  5. Spontaneous Retro-Orbital Subperiosteal Hemorrhage with Complete Resolution Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Myocardial Infarction.

    PubMed

    Wu, Hsu-Ping; Tsai, Chia-Jung; Tsai, Jui-Peng; Hung, Chung-Lieh; Kuo, Jen-Yuan; Hou, Charles Jia-Yin

    2013-03-01

    Among the several treatment strategies available for acute myocardial infarction, primary percutaneous coronary intervention concomitant with antithrombotic agents is the primary treatment used to facilitate coronary reperfusion. However, bleeding can create major complications. Here we have presented a case of acute myocardial infarction treated with reperfusion therapy, after which developed a sudden onset of proptosis, with high intraocular pressure, blurred vision, and ecchymosis of the left eye. Spontaneous retro-orbital subperiosteal hemorrhage, a rare complication, was diagnosed based on those symptoms as noted above, as well as other orbital signs and imaging evaluation. Multiple antithrombotic agents, including antiplatelets, low molecular weight heparin, and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor were thought to be the main precipitating factors of this complication. Thereafter, conservative medical treatment was applied. In the following 2 weeks, all the patient's orbital signs resolved gradually without visual impairment. In conclusion, our experience with a rare case of complications arising from reperfusion therapy used to treat myocardial infarction suggests that clinicians should remain vigilant for any hemorrhagic events during acute myocardial infarction treatment. Acute myocardial infarction; Percutaneous coronary intervention; Retro-orbital subperiosteal hemorrhage.

  6. Gender Differences in Left Ventricular Function Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for First Anterior Wall ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

    PubMed

    Weissler-Snir, Adaya; Kornowski, Ran; Sagie, Alexander; Vaknin-Assa, Hana; Perl, Leor; Porter, Avital; Lev, Eli; Assali, Abid

    2014-11-15

    Little is known regarding gender differences in left ventricular (LV) function after anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), despite it being a major determinant of patients' morbidity and mortality. We therefore sought to investigate the impact of gender on LV function after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for first anterior wall STEMI. Seven hundred eighty-nine consecutive patients (625 men) with first anterior STEMI were included in the analysis. All patients underwent an echocardiographic study within 48 hours of PCI. Women were older and more likely to have diabetes, hypertension, chronic renal failure, and a higher Killip score. Women had prolonged ischemic time, which was driven by prolonged symptom-to-presentation time (2.75 [interquartile range 1.5 to 4] vs 2 [interquartile range 1 to 3.5] hours, p = 0.005). A higher percentage of women had moderate or worse LV dysfunction (LV ejection fraction <40%; 61.6% vs 48%, p = 0.002). In a univariable analysis female gender was associated with moderate or worse LV function (p = 0.002). However, after accounting for variable baseline risk profiles between the 2 groups using multivariable and propensity score techniques, ischemic time >3.5 hours, leukocytosis, and pre-PCI Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade <2 were independent predictors of moderate or worse LV dysfunction, whereas female gender was not. Data on LV function recovery at 6 months, which were available for 45% of female and male patients with moderate or worse LV dysfunction early after PCI, showed no significant gender related difference in LV function recovery. In conclusion, women undergoing PCI for the first event of anterior STEMI demonstrate worse LV function than that of men, which might be partially attributed to delay in presentation. Hence greater efforts should be devoted to increasing women's awareness of cardiac symptoms during the prehospital course of STEMI. Copyright © 2014

  7. Continuity of care after percutaneous coronary intervention: The patient’s perspective across secondary and primary care settings

    PubMed Central

    Valaker, Irene; Norekvål, Tone M.; Råholm, Maj-Britt; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Rotevatn, Svein; Fridlund, Bengt

    2017-01-01

    Background: Although patients may experience a quick recovery followed by rapid discharge after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), continuity of care from hospital to home can be particularly challenging. Despite this fact, little is known about the experiences of care across the interface between secondary and primary healthcare systems in patients undergoing PCI. Aim: To explore how patients undergoing PCI experience continuity of care between secondary and primary care settings after early discharge. Methods: The study used an inductive exploratory design by performing in-depth interviews of 22 patients at 6–8 weeks after PCI. Nine were women and 13 were men; 13 were older than 67 years of age. Eight lived remotely from the PCI centre. Patients were purposively recruited from the Norwegian Registry for Invasive Cardiology. Interviews were analysed by qualitative content analysis. Findings: Patients undergoing PCI were satisfied with the technical treatment. However, patients experienced an unplanned patient journey across care boundaries. They were not receiving adequate instruction and information on how to integrate health information. Patients also needed help to facilitate connections to community-based resources and to schedule clear follow-up appointments. Conclusions and implications: As high-technology treatment dramatically expands, healthcare organisations need to be concerned about all dimensions of continuity. Patients are witnessing their own processes of healthcare delivery and therefore their voices should be taken into greater account when discussing continuity of care. Nurse-led initiatives to improve continuity of care involve a range of interventions at different levels of the healthcare system. PMID:28111970

  8. Successful percutaneous coronary intervention with GuideLiner® catheter for subtotal occlusive lesion in the right coronary artery with anomalous origin from the left sinus of Valsalva: a case report.

    PubMed

    Shirota, Ayumi; Nomura, Tetsuya; Kubota, Hiroshi; Taminishi, Shunta; Urata, Ryota; Sugimoto, Takeshi; Higuchi, Yusuke; Kato, Taku; Keira, Natsuya; Tatsumi, Tetsuya

    2015-07-28

    Because of the unusual anatomy of an anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the left sinus of Valsalva, selective cannulation of the guiding catheter in percutaneous coronary intervention for these cases is always challenging. A 58-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital complaining of worsening exertional chest pain. He was suspected of having unstable angina pectoris and underwent cardiac catheterization. We found a subtotal occlusive lesion in the mid-portion of his right coronary artery that originated from the left sinus of Valsalva. On the previous percutaneous coronary intervention, we failed to cannulate the guiding catheter to the anomalous orifice of the right coronary artery. Therefore, we decided to use the GuideLiner catheter for stable back-up support from the beginning. A 6Fr GuideLiner catheter was introduced into the right coronary artery by anchoring it coaxially with a semi-compliant balloon catheter. And we successfully deployed two drug-eluting stents by crossing over the posterior-descending artery. Final angiography demonstrated favorable dilatation of the target lesion, and native blood flow in the right coronary artery was completely recovered. GuideLiner is a monorail-type "child" support catheter that facilitates coaxial guiding catheter engagement and an appropriate back-up force, achieving successful device delivery to target lesions in this kind of complex percutaneous coronary intervention.

  9. Impact of CYP2C19 genetic testing on provider prescribing patterns for antiplatelet therapy after acute coronary syndromes and percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Desai, Nihar R; Canestaro, William J; Kyrychenko, Pavlo; Chaplin, Donald; Martell, Lori A; Brennan, Troyen; Matlin, Olga S; Choudhry, Niteesh K

    2013-11-01

    Patients treated with clopidogrel who have ≥1 loss of function alleles for CYP2C19 have an increased risk for adverse cardiovascular events. In 2010, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a boxed warning cautioning against the use of clopidogrel in such patients. We sought to assess the impact of CYP2C19 genetic testing on prescribing patterns for antiplatelet therapy among patients with acute coronary syndrome or percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients with recent acute coronary syndrome or percutaneous coronary intervention prescribed clopidogrel were offered CYP2C19 testing. Genotype and phenotype results were provided to patients and their physicians, but no specific treatment recommendations were suggested. Patients were categorized based on their genotype (carriers versus noncarriers) and phenotype (extensive, intermediate, and poor metabolizers). The primary outcome was intensification in antiplatelet therapy defined as either dose escalation of clopidogrel or replacement of clopidogrel with prasugrel. Between July 2010 and April 2012, 6032 patients were identified, and 499 (8.3%) underwent CYP2C19 genotyping, of whom 146 (30%) were found to have ≥1 reduced function allele, including 15 (3%) with 2 reduced function alleles. Although reduced function allele carriers were significantly more likely than noncarriers to have an intensification of their antiplatelet therapy, only 20% of poor metabolizers of clopidogrel had their antiplatelet therapy intensified. Providers were significantly more likely to intensify antiplatelet therapy in CYP2C19 allele carriers, but only 20% of poor metabolizers of clopidogrel had an escalation in the dose of clopidogrel or were switched to prasugrel. These prescribing patterns likely reflect the unclear impact and evolving evidence for clopidogrel pharmacogenomics.

  10. Magnetic navigation system assisted percutaneous coronary intervention: a comparison to the conventional approach in daily practice.

    PubMed

    Li, Chun-Jian; Wang, Hui; Yang, Zhi-Jian; Cao, Ke-Jiang

    2011-01-01

    The benefits of the magnetic navigation system (MNS) for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remain unclear, and a comparison of the MNS assisted approach to the conventional approach for PCI, when used in daily practice, is little studied. This study aimed to investigate the benefits of an MNS assisted technique as compared to the conventional technique for PCI. Forty-eight consecutive patients scheduled for PCI were recruited between December 2009 and April 2010. MNS assisted PCIs were performed on 54 target vessels. Another 45 patients with 54 target vessels undergoing conventional PCIs were selected from a historical population of patients to match the MNS group according to the coronary lesion type (ACC/AHA classification). Emergency PCIs and chronic total occlusions were excluded from both groups. Analyses were performed using Stata 9.2 statistical software. There were no significant differences between the baseline characteristics of the MNS group and the control group. The success rates were 100.0% for the MNS assisted PCI and 98.1% for the conventional PCI, which did not reach a significant difference (P = 1.000); there were also no significant differences in terms of guide wire crossing time ((51.7 ± 30.5) seconds vs. (57.5 ± 49.4) seconds, P = 0.448), operation time ((28.4 ± 15.9) minutes vs. (28.0 ± 24.7) minutes, P = 0.935), X-ray exposure ((458.1 ± 350.1) µGym(2) vs. (558.7 ± 451.7) µGym(2), P = 0.197; and (94.2 ± 80.9) mGy vs. (96.2 ± 77.3) mGy, P = 0.895) or contrast usage ((7.3 ± 4.0) ml vs. (6.1 ± 3.7) ml, P = 0.121) between the two groups. However, a trend toward shorter guide wire crossing time and less X-ray exposure were observed for the magnetic group. In daily practice, MNS assisted PCI resulted in a similar procedural success rate, operation time, and contrast usage, with a trend toward shorter guide wire crossing time and less X-ray exposure when compared to the conventional PCI.

  11. Anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Goto, Koji; Nakai, Kentaro; Shizuta, Satoshi; Morimoto, Takeshi; Shiomi, Hiroki; Natsuaki, Masahiro; Yahata, Mitsuhiko; Ota, Chihiro; Ono, Koh; Makiyama, Takeru; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Furukawa, Yutaka; Kadota, Kazushige; Takatsu, Yoshiki; Tamura, Takashi; Takizawa, Akinori; Inada, Tsukasa; Doi, Osamu; Nohara, Ryuji; Matsuda, Mitsuo; Takeda, Teruki; Kato, Masayuki; Shirotani, Manabu; Eizawa, Hiroshi; Ishii, Katsuhisa; Lee, Jong-Dae; Takahashi, Masaaki; Horie, Minoru; Takahashi, Mamoru; Miki, Shinji; Aoyama, Takeshi; Suwa, Satoru; Hamasaki, Shuichi; Ogawa, Hisao; Mitsudo, Kazuaki; Nobuyoshi, Masakiyo; Kita, Toru; Kimura, Takeshi

    2014-07-01

    The prevalence, intensity, safety, and efficacy of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in addition to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in "real-world" patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have not yet been fully evaluated. In the Coronary REvascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto registry cohort-2, a total of 1,057 patients with AF (8.3%) were identified among 12,716 patients undergoing first PCI. Cumulative 5-year incidence of stroke was higher in patients with AF than in no-AF patients (12.8% vs 5.8%, p <0.0001). Although most patients with AF had CHADS2 score ≥2 (75.2%), only 506 patients (47.9%) received OAC with warfarin at hospital discharge. Cumulative 5-year incidence of stroke in the OAC group was not different from that in the no-OAC group (13.8% vs 11.8%, p = 0.49). Time in therapeutic range (TTR) was only 52.6% with an international normalized ratio of 1.6 to 2.6, and only 154 of 409 patients (37.7%) with international normalized ratio data had TTR ≥65%. Cumulative 5-year incidence of stroke in patients with TTR ≥65% was markedly lower than that in patients with TTR <65% (6.9% vs 15.1%, p = 0.01). In a 4-month landmark analysis in the OAC group, there was a trend for higher cumulative incidences of stroke and major bleeding in the on-DAPT (n = 286) than in the off-DAPT (n = 173) groups (15.1% vs 6.7%, p = 0.052 and 14.7% vs 8.7%, p = 0.10, respectively). In conclusion, OAC was underused and its intensity was mostly suboptimal in real-world patients with AF undergoing PCI, which lead to inadequate stroke prevention. Long-term DAPT in patients receiving OAC did not reduce stroke incidence. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Cost of elective percutaneous coronary intervention in Malaysia: a multicentre cross-sectional costing study.

    PubMed

    Lee, Kun Yun; Ong, Tiong Kiam; Low, Ee Vien; Liow, Siow Yen; Anchah, Lawrence; Hamzah, Syuhada; Liew, Houng Bang; Ali, Rosli Mohd; Ismail, Omar; Ahmad, Wan Azman Wan; Said, Mas Ayu; Dahlui, Maznah

    2017-05-28

    Limitations in the quality and access of cost data from low-income and middle-income countries constrain the implementation of economic evaluations. With the increasing prevalence of coronary artery disease in Malaysia, cost information is vital for cardiac service expansion. We aim to calculate the hospitalisation cost of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), using a data collection method customised to local setting of limited data availability. This is a cross-sectional costing study from the perspective of healthcare providers, using top-down approach, from January to June 2014. Cost items under each unit of analysis involved in the provision of PCI service were identified, valuated and calculated to produce unit cost estimates. Five public cardiac centres participated. All the centres provide full-fledged cardiology services. They are also the tertiary referral centres of their respective regions. The cost was calculated for elective PCI procedure in each centre. PCI conducted for urgent/emergent indication or for patients with shock and haemodynamic instability were excluded. The outcome measures of interest were the unit costs at the two units of analysis, namely cardiac ward admission and cardiac catheterisation utilisation, which made up the total hospitalisation cost. The average hospitalisation cost ranged between RM11 471 (US$3186) and RM14 465 (US$4018). PCI consumables were the dominant cost item at all centres. The centre with daycare establishment recorded the lowest admission cost and total hospitalisation cost. Comprehensive results from all centres enable comparison at the levels of cost items, unit of analysis and total costs. This generates important information on cost variations between centres, thus providing valuable guidance for service planning. Alternative procurement practices for PCI consumables may deliver cost reduction. For countries with limited data availability, costing method tailored based on country setting can be used for

  13. Percutaneous coronary intervention in stable angina (ORBITA): a double-blind, randomised controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Al-Lamee, Rasha; Thompson, David; Dehbi, Hakim-Moulay; Sen, Sayan; Tang, Kare; Davies, John; Keeble, Thomas; Mielewczik, Michael; Kaprielian, Raffi; Malik, Iqbal S; Nijjer, Sukhjinder S; Petraco, Ricardo; Cook, Christopher; Ahmad, Yousif; Howard, James; Baker, Christopher; Sharp, Andrew; Gerber, Robert; Talwar, Suneel; Assomull, Ravi; Mayet, Jamil; Wensel, Roland; Collier, David; Shun-Shin, Matthew; Thom, Simon A; Davies, Justin E; Francis, Darrel P

    2018-01-06

    Symptomatic relief is the primary goal of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in stable angina and is commonly observed clinically. However, there is no evidence from blinded, placebo-controlled randomised trials to show its efficacy. ORBITA is a blinded, multicentre randomised trial of PCI versus a placebo procedure for angina relief that was done at five study sites in the UK. We enrolled patients with severe (≥70%) single-vessel stenoses. After enrolment, patients received 6 weeks of medication optimisation. Patients then had pre-randomisation assessments with cardiopulmonary exercise testing, symptom questionnaires, and dobutamine stress echocardiography. Patients were randomised 1:1 to undergo PCI or a placebo procedure by use of an automated online randomisation tool. After 6 weeks of follow-up, the assessments done before randomisation were repeated at the final assessment. The primary endpoint was difference in exercise time increment between groups. All analyses were based on the intention-to-treat principle and the study population contained all participants who underwent randomisation. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02062593. ORBITA enrolled 230 patients with ischaemic symptoms. After the medication optimisation phase and between Jan 6, 2014, and Aug 11, 2017, 200 patients underwent randomisation, with 105 patients assigned PCI and 95 assigned the placebo procedure. Lesions had mean area stenosis of 84·4% (SD 10·2), fractional flow reserve of 0·69 (0·16), and instantaneous wave-free ratio of 0·76 (0·22). There was no significant difference in the primary endpoint of exercise time increment between groups (PCI minus placebo 16·6 s, 95% CI -8·9 to 42·0, p=0·200). There were no deaths. Serious adverse events included four pressure-wire related complications in the placebo group, which required PCI, and five major bleeding events, including two in the PCI group and three in the placebo group. In patients with

  14. Decreased bed rest post-percutaneous coronary intervention with a 7-French arterial sheath and its effects on vascular complications.

    PubMed

    Wentworth, Laura J; Bechtum, Elizabeth L; Hoffman, Jessica G; Kramer, Robert R; Bartel, David C; Slusser, Joshua P; Tilbury, Ralph Thomas

    2018-01-01

    To compare the incidence of femoral access puncture site complications in the control group, who underwent 6 hr of bed rest, with patients in the case group, who underwent 4 hr of bed rest. The ideal bed rest length after percutaneous coronary intervention with a 7-French arterial sheath has been investigated by nursing practice. However, in this larger-sheath-size group, best practices have not been determined, and bed rest time continues to vary markedly among institutions. Retrospective study. Data were retrieved from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry and electronic health records in this retrospective study. Sample size was 401 patients: 152 case patients with 4-hr bed rest and 249 controls with 6-hr bed rest. Case group data were obtained from 20 May 2013-31 December 2014; and control group data, 15 June 2011-20 May 2013. National Cardiovascular Data Registry event rates were generally low in both groups: Only three patients in each group had a bleeding event within 72 hr (2% vs. 1%) and no patient and only two controls had arteriovenous fistula (0% vs. 1%). Complications documented in the electronic health records with institutional femoral access puncture site complication definitions identified bleeding at the access site in eight case patients (5%) and nine controls (4%). Haematoma at the access site occurred in 21 case patients (14%) and 25 controls (10%). The practice change of decreasing bed rest from 6-4 hr for patients with 7-French arterial sheaths post-percutaneous coronary intervention was associated with no significant change in femoral access puncture site complications in either National Cardiovascular Data Registry data or institutional electronic health records data. This introduces expanded evidence of safety in decreasing bed rest length in larger (7-French) arterial sheaths post-percutaneous coronary intervention. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. National performance on door-in to door-out time among patients transferred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Herrin, Jeph; Miller, Lauren E; Turkmani, Dima F; Nsa, Wato; Drye, Elizabeth E; Bernheim, Susannah M; Ling, Shari M; Rapp, Michael T; Han, Lein F; Bratzler, Dale W; Bradley, Elizabeth H; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K; Ting, Henry H; Krumholz, Harlan M

    2011-11-28

    Delays in treatment time are commonplace for patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction who must be transferred to another hospital for percutaneous coronary intervention. Experts have recommended that door-in to door-out (DIDO) time (ie, time from arrival at the first hospital to transfer from that hospital to the percutaneous coronary intervention hospital) should not exceed 30 minutes. We sought to describe national performance in DIDO time using a new measure developed by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. We report national median DIDO time and examine associations with patient characteristics (age, sex, race, contraindication to fibrinolytic therapy, and arrival time) and hospital characteristics (number of beds, geographic region, location [rural or urban], and number of cases reported) using a mixed effects multivariable model. Among 13,776 included patients from 1034 hospitals, only 1343 (9.7%) had a DIDO time within 30 minutes, and DIDO exceeded 90 minutes for 4267 patients (31.0%). Mean estimated times (95% CI) to transfer based on multivariable analysis were 8.9 (5.6-12.2) minutes longer for women, 9.1 (2.7-16.0) minutes longer for African Americans, 6.9 (1.6-11.9) minutes longer for patients with contraindication to fibrinolytic therapy, shorter for all age categories (except >75 years) relative to the category of 18 to 35 years, 15.3 (7.3-23.5) minutes longer for rural hospitals, and 14.4 (6.6-21.3) minutes longer for hospitals with 9 or fewer transfers vs 15 or more in 2009 (all P < .001). Among patients presenting to emergency departments and requiring transfer to another facility for percutaneous coronary intervention, the DIDO time rarely met the recommended 30 minutes.

  16. National Performance on Door-In to Door-Out Time Among Patients Transferred for Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Herrin, Jeph; Miller, Lauren E.; Turkmani, Dima F.; Nsa, Wato; Drye, Elizabeth E.; Bernheim, Susannah M.; Ling, Shari M.; Rapp, Michael T.; Han, Lein F.; Bratzler, Dale W.; Bradley, Elizabeth H.; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K.; Ting, Henry H.; Krumholz, Harlan M.

    2015-01-01

    Background Delays in treatment time are commonplace for patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction who must be transferred to another hospital for per-cutaneous coronary intervention. Experts have recommended that door-in to door-out (DIDO) time(ie, time from arrival at the first hospital to transfer from that hospital to the percutaneous coronary intervention hospital) should not exceed 30 minutes. We sought to describe national performance in DIDO time using a new measure developed by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Methods We report national median DIDO time and examine associations with patient characteristics (age, sex, race, contraindication to fibrinolytic therapy, and arrival time) and hospital characteristics (number of beds, geographic region, location [rural or urban], and number of cases reported) using a mixed effects multivariable model. Results Among 13 776 included patients from 1034 hospitals, only 1343 (9.7%) had a DIDO time within 30 minutes, and DIDO exceeded 90 minutes for 4267 patients (31.0%). Mean estimated times (95% CI) to transfer based on multivariable analysis were 8.9 (5.6-12.2) minutes longer for women, 9.1 (2.7-16.0) minutes longer for African Americans, 6.9 (1.6-11.9) minutes longer for patients with contraindication to fibrinolytic therapy, shorter for all age categories (except >75 years) relative to the category of 18 to 35 years, 15.3 (7.3-23.5) minutes longer for rural hospitals, and 14.4 (6.6-21.3) minutes longer for hospitals with 9 or fewer transfers vs 15 or more in 2009 (all P<.001). Conclusion Among patients presenting to emergency departments and requiring transfer to another facility for percutaneous coronary intervention, the DIDO time rarely met the recommended 30 minutes. PMID:22123793

  17. Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Incidence, Determinants, and Outcomes as Recorded by the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society.

    PubMed

    Kwok, Chun Shing; Kontopantelis, Evangelos; Kinnaird, Tim; Potts, Jessica; Rashid, Muhammad; Shoaib, Ahmad; Nolan, James; Bagur, Rodrigo; de Belder, Mark A; Ludman, Peter; Mamas, Mamas A

    2018-02-01

    Retroperitoneal hemorrhage (RH) is a rare bleeding complication of percutaneous coronary intervention, which can result as a consequence of femoral access or can occur spontaneously. This study aims to evaluate temporal changes in RH, its predictors, and clinical outcomes in a national cohort of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in the United Kingdom. We analyzed RH events in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention between 2007 and 2014. Multiple logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with RH and to quantify the association between RH and 30-day mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events. A total of 511 106 participants were included, and 291 in hospital RH events were recorded (0.06%). Overall, rates of RH declined from 0.09% to 0.03% between 2007 and 2014. The strongest independent predictors of RH events were femoral access (odds ratio [OR], 19.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 11.22-34.43), glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (OR, 2.63; 95% CI, 1.99-3.47), and warfarin use (OR, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.07-5.99). RH was associated with a significant increase in 30-day mortality (OR, 3.59; 95% CI, 2.19-5.90) and in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (OR, 5.76; 95% CI, 3.71-8.95). A legacy effect was not observed; patients with RH who survived 30 days did not have higher 1-year mortality compared with those without this complication (hazard ratio, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.49-1.91). Our results suggest that RH is a rare event that is declining in the United Kingdom, related to transition to transradial access site utilization, but remains a clinically important event associated with increased 30-day mortality but no long-term legacy effect. © 2018 American Heart Association, Inc.

  18. Beta blocker therapy is associated with reduced depressive symptoms 12 months post percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Battes, Linda C; Pedersen, Susanne S; Oemrawsingh, Rohit M; van Geuns, Robert J; Al Amri, Ibtihal; Regar, Evelyn; de Jaegere, Peter P T; Serruys, Patrick; van Domburg, Ron T

    2012-02-01

    Beta blocker therapy may induce depressive symptoms, although current evidence is conflicting. We examined the association between beta blocker therapy and depressive symptoms in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients and the extent to which there is a dose-response relationship between beta blocker dose and depressive symptoms. Patients treated with PCI (N=685) completed the depression scale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale 1 and 12 months post PCI. Information about type and dose of beta blocker use was extracted from medical records. Of all patients, 68% (466/685) were on beta blocker therapy at baseline. In adjusted analysis, beta blocker use at 1 month post PCI (OR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.53-1.26) was not significantly associated with depressive symptoms. At 12 months post PCI, there was a significant relationship between beta blocker use and depressive symptoms (OR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.31-0.84), with beta blocker therapy associated with a 49% risk reduction in depressive symptoms. There was a dose-response relationship between beta blocker dose and depressive symptoms 12 months post PCI, with the risk reduction in depressive symptoms in relation to a low dose being 36% (OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.37-1.10) and 58% (OR: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.24-0.76) in relation to a high dose. Patients treated with beta blocker therapy were less likely to experience depressive symptoms 12 months post PCI, with there being a dose-response relationship with a higher dose providing a more pronounced protective effect. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Novel risk score of contrast-induced nephropathy after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Ji, Ling; Su, XiaoFeng; Qin, Wei; Mi, XuHua; Liu, Fei; Tang, XiaoHong; Li, Zi; Yang, LiChuan

    2015-08-01

    Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a major cause of acute kidney injury. In this study, we established a comprehensive risk score model to assess risk of CIN after PCI procedure, which could be easily used in a clinical environment. A total of 805 PCI patients, divided into analysis cohort (70%) and validation cohort (30%), were enrolled retrospectively in this study. Risk factors for CIN were identified using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression in the analysis cohort. Risk score model was developed based on multiple regression coefficients. Sensitivity and specificity of the new risk score system was validated in the validation cohort. Comparisons between the new risk score model and previous reported models were applied. The incidence of post-PCI CIN in the analysis cohort (n = 565) was 12%. Considerably high CIN incidence (50%) was observed in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Age >75, body mass index (BMI) >25, myoglobin level, cardiac function level, hypoalbuminaemia, history of chronic kidney disease (CKD), Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) and peripheral vascular disease (PVD) were identified as independent risk factors of post-PCI CIN. A novel risk score model was established using multivariate regression coefficients, which showed highest sensitivity and specificity (0.917, 95%CI 0.877-0.957) compared with previous models. A new post-PCI CIN risk score model was developed based on a retrospective study of 805 patients. Application of this model might be helpful to predict CIN in patients undergoing PCI procedure. © 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology.

  20. Incidence and correlates of major bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention across different clinical presentations.

    PubMed

    Loh, Joshua P; Pendyala, Lakshmana K; Torguson, Rebecca; Chen, Fang; Satler, Lowell F; Pichard, Augusto A; Waksman, Ron

    2014-09-01

    Bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is identified as a strong predictor for adverse events, including mortality. This study aims to compare the incidence and correlates of post-PCI bleeding across different clinical presentations. The study included 23,943 consecutive PCI patients categorized according to their clinical presentation: stable angina pectoris (n = 6,741), unstable angina pectoris (UAP) (n = 5,215), non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) (n = 8,418), ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (n = 2,721), and cardiogenic shock (CGS) (n = 848). Severity of clinical presentation was associated with a greater use of preprocedural anticoagulation, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, and intraaortic balloon pump (IABP). TIMI-defined major bleeding increased with increasing severity of clinical presentation: stable angina pectoris, 0.7%; UAP, 1.0%; NSTEMI, 1.6%; STEMI, 4.6%; and CGS, 13.5% (P < .001). On multivariable analysis, CGS (odds ratio [OR], 4.67; 95% CI [2.62-8.34]), STEMI (OR, 3.39; 95% CI [2.07-5.55]), and NSTEMI (OR, 2.00; 95% CI [1.29-3.10]) remained correlated with major bleeding even after adjusting for baseline and procedural differences, whereas UAP did not. The multivariable model also identified the use of IABP, female gender, congestive heart failure, no prior PCI, increased baseline hematocrit, and increased procedure time as correlates for major bleeding. In patients undergoing PCI, the worsening severity of clinical presentation corresponds to an increase in incidence of post-PCI major bleeding. The increased risk with CGS, STEMI, and NSTEMI persisted despite adjusting for more aggressive pharmacotherapy and use of IABP. Careful attention to antithrombotic pharmacotherapy is warranted in this high-risk population. Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Variation in utilization of multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention: influence of hospital volume.

    PubMed

    Patel, Nilay; Pant, Sadip; Panaich, Sidakpal S; Patel, Nileshkumar J; Arora, Shilpkumar; Gidwani, Umesh; Mohamad, Tamam; Schreiber, Theodore; Badheka, Apurva O; Grines, Cindy

    2015-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the contemporary trends in the utilization of multivessel percutaneous coronary interventions (MVPCIs) in the USA. We queried the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's Nationwide Inpatient Sample between 2006 and 2011 using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedure codes 00.40 (single stent), 00.46, 00.47, and 00.48 (single vessel and multiple stents) and 00.41, 00.42 and 00.43 (MVPCI). We built a hierarchical three-level model adjusted for multiple confounding factors. A total of 543 434 (weighted: 2 683 206) procedures were identified. Independent predictors of increased MVPCI utilization (odds ratio, 95% confidence interval, P-value) were found to be age (1.05, 1.04-1.07, P<0.001) and comorbid conditions on using Deyo's modification of Charlson's comorbidity index of at least 2 (1.13, 1.09-1.16, P<0.001). Female sex (0.88, 0.87-0.90, P<0.001), myocardial infarction (0.86, 0.83-0.89, P<0.001), weekend admissions (0.94, 0.91-0.96, P<0.001), and urgent admissions (0.88, 0.83-0.93, P<0.001) predicted decreased utilization. Highest quartile of hospital (1.34, 1.16-1.54, P<0.001) predicted higher utilization. Between-hospital variation of 7.7% (interclass correlation coefficient) was observed, which was minimally affected by patient or hospital mix. A randomly selected patient was ∼1.6 (median odds ratio) times more likely to receive an MVPCI from a given hospital compared with another identical patient being treated at a different random hospital. The utilization rate of MVPCI varied considerably among hospitals. Higher annual hospital volume was associated with a higher utilization rate of MVPCI.

  2. Different postconditioning cycles affect prognosis of aged patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Xin; Cui, Yuqi; Ferdous, Misbahul; Cui, Lianqun; Zhao, Peng

    2017-07-17

    Postconditioning can affect the infarct size in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, few studies show an effect of different postconditioning cycles on AMI aged patients. This study sought to assess the effect of different postconditioning cycles on prognosis in aged patients with AMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). 74 aged patients were randomly assigned to three groups. Control group; PC-1 group accepted postconditioning 4 cycles of 30 s inflation and 30 s deflation; PC-2 group accepted postconditioning 4 cycles of 60 s. Creatine kinase MB (CK-MB), troponin I (cTnI), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and corrected Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame counts (CTFC) were analyzed before andafter treatment. All patients received an echocardiographic examination for whole heart function, wall motion score index (WMSI) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) examination at 7 days and 6 months after treatment. S: The peak of CK-MB, postoperative 72 h cTnI and CTFC were significantly attenuated by postconditioning when compared with the control group. The hs-CRP of the postconditioning group was lower than the control group 24 h postoperative. No difference was observed between PC-1 and PC-2 group about the effect described above. At 7 days, heart function in the postconditioning group was improved when compared with the control group. At 6 months, the WMSI and SPECT score significantly reduced in the PC-2 group compared with the control and PC-1 groups, but there was no difference among the three groups about echo data except the left ventricular end-systolic diameter. Postconditioning is significantly beneficial to prognosis in aged patients with AMI. The cardiac protective effect of 4 cycles of 60 s procedure was observed in WMSI and SPECT. It is favorable to implement this procedure in aged patients with AMI in clinic.

  3. Reexamining the Efficacy and Value of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Patients With Stable Ischemic Heart Disease

    PubMed Central

    Weintraub, William S.; Boden, William E.

    2017-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) continues to be performed frequently for patients with stable ischemic heart disease, despite uncertain efficacy. Individual randomized trial data and meta-analyses have not demonstrated that PCI in addition to optimal medical therapy reduces the incidence of death or myocardial infarction in patients with stable disease. The Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE) Trial did not show benefit for cardiovascular outcomes or mortality but did find a modest improvement in quality of life that did not persist at 3 years. Long-term follow-up from COURAGE (up to 15 years) found no differences in mortality, consistent with other published literature. How PCI could reduce long-term mortality or prevent myocardial infarction is not clear because sites of future plaque rupture leading to myocardial infarction are unpredictable and PCI can only treat localized anatomic segments of obstructive atherosclerosis. In addition, PCI is expensive, and the value to society of PCI for stable disease has not been demonstrated. The ISCHEMIA trial will assess the role of PCI for stable ischemic heart disease using newer technology and in patients with greater ischemic burden than in COURAGE. After nearly a decade, the COURAGE trial and other studies have given us pause to critically reexamine the role of PCI for patients with stable ischemic heart disease. Until further research can show that PCI can reduce cardiovascular events in these patients, a first-line strategy of optimal medical therapy is known to be safe, effective, and noninferior to PCI, and our practice should more closely follow this strategy. PMID:27380178

  4. Platelet density per monocyte predicts adverse events in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Rutten, Bert; Roest, Mark; McClellan, Elizabeth A; Sels, Jan W; Stubbs, Andrew; Jukema, J Wouter; Doevendans, Pieter A; Waltenberger, Johannes; van Zonneveld, Anton-Jan; Pasterkamp, Gerard; De Groot, Philip G; Hoefer, Imo E

    2016-01-01

    Monocyte recruitment to damaged endothelium is enhanced by platelet binding to monocytes and contributes to vascular repair. Therefore, we studied whether the number of platelets per monocyte affects the recurrence of adverse events in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Platelet-monocytes complexes with high and low median fluorescence intensities (MFI) of the platelet marker CD42b were isolated using cell sorting. Microscopic analysis revealed that a high platelet marker MFI on monocytes corresponded with a high platelet density per monocyte while a low platelet marker MFI corresponded with a low platelet density per monocyte (3.4 ± 0.7 vs 1.4 ± 0.1 platelets per monocyte, P=0.01). Using real-time video microscopy, we observed increased recruitment of high platelet density monocytes to endothelial cells as compared with low platelet density monocytes (P=0.01). Next, we classified PCI scheduled patients (N=263) into groups with high, medium and low platelet densities per monocyte and assessed the recurrence of adverse events. After multivariate adjustment for potential confounders, we observed a 2.5-fold reduction in the recurrence of adverse events in patients with a high platelet density per monocyte as compared with a low platelet density per monocyte [hazard ratio=0.4 (95% confidence interval, 0.2-0.8), P=0.01]. We show that a high platelet density per monocyte increases monocyte recruitment to endothelial cells and predicts a reduction in the recurrence of adverse events in patients after PCI. These findings may imply that a high platelet density per monocyte protects against recurrence of adverse events.

  5. Myocardial Perfusion Pattern for Stratification of Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation Response to Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Goyal, Parag; Kim, Jiwon; Feher, Attila; Ma, Claudia L.; Gurevich, Sergey; Veal, David R.; Szulc, Massimiliano; Wong, Franklin J.; Ratcliffe, Mark B.; Levine, Robert A.; Devereux, Richard B.; Weinsaft, Jonathan W.

    2015-01-01

    Objective Ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) is common, but its response to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is poorly understood. This study tested utility of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for stratification of MR response to PCI. Methods MPI and echo were performed among patients undergoing PCI. MPI was used to assess stress/rest myocardial perfusion. MR was assessed via echo (performed pre- and post-PCI). Results 317 patients with abnormal myocardial perfusion on MPI underwent echo 25±39 days prior to PCI. MR was present in 52%, among whom 24% had advanced (≥moderate) MR. MR was associated with LV chamber dilation on MPI and echo (both p<0.001). Magnitude of global LV perfusion deficits increased in relation to MR severity (p<0.01). Perfusion differences were greatest for global summed rest scores, which were 1.6-fold higher among patients with advanced MR vs. those with mild MR (p=0.004), and 2.4-fold higher vs. those without MR (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, advanced MR was associated with fixed perfusion defect size on MPI (OR 1.16 per segment [CI 1.002–1.34], p=0.046) independent of LV volume (OR 1.10 per 10ml [CI 1.04–1.17], p=0.002). Follow-up via echo (1.0±0.6 years) demonstrated MR to decrease (≥1 grade) in 31% of patients, and increase in 12%. Patients with increased MR after PCI had more severe inferior perfusion defects on baseline MPI (p=0.028), whereas defects in other distributions and LV volumes were similar (p=NS). Conclusions Extent and distribution of SPECT-evidenced myocardial perfusion defects impacts MR response to revascularization. Increased magnitude of inferior fixed perfusion defects predicts post-PCI progression of MR. PMID:26049923

  6. Lipid Biomarkers in Acute Myocardial Infarction Before and After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention by Lipidomics Analysis.

    PubMed

    Feng, Limin; Yang, Jianzhou; Liu, Wennan; Wang, Qing; Wang, Huijie; Shi, Le; Fu, Liyan; Xu, Qiang; Wang, Baohe; Li, Tian

    2018-06-18

    BACKGROUND Reperfusion injury is one of the leading causes of myocardial cell death and heart failure. This study was performed to identify new candidate lipid biomarkers for the purpose of optimizing the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury, assessing the severity of myocardial I/R injury and trying to find the novel mechanism related to lipids. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty patients who were diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were randomly selected for this study. Serum samples from all the patients with STEMI were collected at 3 time periods: after STEMI diagnosis but prior to reperfusion (T0); and then at 2 hours (T2) and 24 hours (T24) after the end of the percutaneous coronary intervention procedure. Plasma lipidomics profiling analysis was performed to identify the lipid metabolic signatures of myocardial I/R injury using lipidomics. RESULTS Sixteen types of potential lipid biomarkers at different time periods (T0, T2, T24) were identified by using lipidomics technology. The T0 time periods exhibited 16 differentially metabolized lipid peaks in the patients after STEMI diagnosis but prior to reperfusion. With the increase of reperfusion times, the contents of these 16 lipid biomarkers decreased gradually, but there was a 1.5- to 2-fold increase of those 16 lipid biomarkers contents at T2 compared with T24. CONCLUSIONS Lipidomics analysis demonstrated differential change before and after reperfusion, suggesting a potential role of some of these lipids as biomarkers for optimizing the diagnosis of myocardial I/R, as well as for therapeutic targets against myocardial I/R injury.

  7. Predicting complications of percutaneous coronary intervention using a novel support vector method

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Gyemin; Gurm, Hitinder S; Syed, Zeeshan

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the feasibility of a novel approach using an augmented one-class learning algorithm to model in-laboratory complications of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Materials and methods Data from the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium (BMC2) multicenter registry for the years 2007 and 2008 (n=41 016) were used to train models to predict 13 different in-laboratory PCI complications using a novel one-plus-class support vector machine (OP-SVM) algorithm. The performance of these models in terms of discrimination and calibration was compared to the performance of models trained using the following classification algorithms on BMC2 data from 2009 (n=20 289): logistic regression (LR), one-class support vector machine classification (OC-SVM), and two-class support vector machine classification (TC-SVM). For the OP-SVM and TC-SVM approaches, variants of the algorithms with cost-sensitive weighting were also considered. Results The OP-SVM algorithm and its cost-sensitive variant achieved the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the majority of the PCI complications studied (eight cases). Similar improvements were observed for the Hosmer–Lemeshow χ2 value (seven cases) and the mean cross-entropy error (eight cases). Conclusions The OP-SVM algorithm based on an augmented one-class learning problem improved discrimination and calibration across different PCI complications relative to LR and traditional support vector machine classification. Such an approach may have value in a broader range of clinical domains. PMID:23599229

  8. Predictive Value of Aortic Valve Calcification for Periprocedural Myocardial Injury in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Shibata, Yohei; Ishii, Hideki; Suzuki, Susumu; Tanaka, Akihito; Tatami, Yosuke; Harata, Shingo; Ota, Tomoyuki; Shimbo, Yusaku; Takayama, Yohei; Kunimura, Ayako; Hirayama, Kenshi; Harada, Kazuhiro; Osugi, Naohiro; Murohara, Toyoaki

    2017-05-01

    Previous studies have shown that aortic valve calcification (AVC) was associated with cardiovascular events and mortality. On the other hand, periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a well-known predictor of subsequent mortality and poor clinical outcomes. The purpose of the study was to assess the hypothesis that the presence of AVC could predict PMI in PCI. This study included 370 patients treated with PCI for stable angina pectoris. AVC was defined as bright echoes >1 mm on one or more cusps of the aortic valve on ultrasound cardiography (UCG). PMI was defined as an increase in high-sensitivity troponin T level of >5 times the upper normal limit (>0.070 ng/ml) at 24 hours after PCI. AVC was detected in 45.9% of the patients (n=170). The incidence of PMI was significantly higher in the patients with AVC than in those without AVC (43.5% vs 21.0%, p<0.001). The presence of AVC independently predicted PMI after adjusting for other significant variables (odds ratio 2.26, 95% confidence interval 1.37-3.74, p=0.002). Other predictors were male sex, age, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and total stent length. Furthermore to predict PMI, adding AVC to the established risk factors significantly improved the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves, from 0.68 to 0.72, of the PMI prediction model (p=0.025). The presence of AVC detected in UCG could predict the incidence of PMI.

  9. Efficacy of the RADPAD protective drape during real world complex percutaneous coronary intervention procedures.

    PubMed

    Murphy, John C; Darragh, Karen; Walsh, Simon J; Hanratty, Colm G

    2011-11-15

    The RADPAD is a lead-free surgical drape containing bismuth and barium that has been demonstrated to reduce scatter radiation exposure to primary operators during fluoroscopic procedures. It is not known to what degree the RADPAD reduces radiation exposure in operators who perform highly complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) requiring prolonged fluoroscopic screening times. Sixty consecutive patients due to undergo elective complex PCI involving rotational atherectomy, multivessel PCI, or chronic total occlusions were randomized in a 1:1 pattern to have their procedures performed with and without the RADPAD drape in situ. Dosimetry was performed on the left arm of the primary operator. There were 40 cases of chronic total occlusion, including 28 with contralateral injections; 15 cases involving rotational atherectomy; and 5 cases of multivessel PCI. There was no significant difference in screening times or dose-area products between the 2 patient groups. Primary operator radiation dose relative to screening time (RADPAD: slope = 1.44, R² = 0.25; no RADPAD: slope = 4.60, R² = 0.26; analysis of covariance F = 4.81, p = 0.032) and dose-area product (RADPAD: slope = 0.003, R² = 0.26; no RADPAD: slope = 0.011, R² = 0.52; analysis of covariance F = 12.54, p = 0.008) was significantly smaller in the RADPAD cohort compared to the no-RADPAD group. In conclusion, the RADPAD significantly reduces radiation exposure to primary operators during prolonged, complex PCI cases. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation in patients taking chronic oral anticoagulation.

    PubMed

    Rogacka, Renata; Chieffo, Alaide; Michev, Iassen; Airoldi, Flavio; Latib, Azeem; Cosgrave, John; Montorfano, Matteo; Carlino, Mauro; Sangiorgi, Giuseppe M; Castelli, Alfredo; Godino, Cosmo; Magni, Valeria; Aranzulla, Tiziana C; Romagnoli, Enrico; Colombo, Antonio

    2008-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of dual antiplatelet therapy in patients in whom long-term anticoagulation (AC) with warfarin is recommended. The optimal antithrombotic strategy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients receiving AC is unclear. Consecutive patients who underwent stent implantation and were discharged on triple therapy (defined as the combination of aspirin and thienopyridines and AC) were analyzed. Of the 127 patients with 224 lesions, 86.6% were men, with a mean age of 69.9 +/- 8.8 years. Drug-eluting stents (DES) were positioned in 71 (55.9%), and bare-metal stents (BMS) were positioned in 56 (44.1%) patients. Atrial fibrillation (AF) was the main indication (59.1%) for AC treatment. The mean triple therapy duration was 5.6 +/- 4.6 months, and clinical follow-up was 21.0 +/- 19.8 months. During the triple therapy period, 6 patients (4.7%) developed major bleeding complications; 67% occurred within the first month. No significant differences between DES and BMS were observed in the incidence of major (5.6% vs. 3.6%, respectively, p = 1.0) and minor (1.4% vs. 3.6%, respectively, p = 0.57) bleeding and mortality (5.6% vs. 1.8%, respectively, p = 0.39). A significant difference was observed in favor of DES in target vessel revascularization (14.1% vs. 26.8%, p = 0.041). While receiving triple therapy, major bleeding occurred in 4.7% of patients; one-half of the events were lethal, and most occurred within the first month.

  11. Magnetic navigation system for percutaneous coronary intervention: A meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Qi, Zhiyong; Wu, Bangwei; Luo, Xinping; Zhu, Jun; Shi, Haiming; Jin, Bo

    2016-07-01

    Magnetic navigation system (MNS) allows calculation of the vessel coordinates in real space within the patient's chest for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, its impact on the procedural parameters and clinical outcomes is still a matter of debate. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, a meta-analysis was performed. Studies exploring the advantages of MNS were identified in English-language articles by search of Medline, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library Databases (inception to October 2015). A standardized protocol was used to extract details on study design, region origin, demographic data, lesion type, and clinical outcomes. The main outcome measures were contrast consumption, procedural success rate, contrast used for wire crossing, procedure time to cross the lesions, and the fluoroscopy time fluoroscopy time. A total of 12 clinical trials involving 2174 patients were included for analysis (902 patients in the magnetic PCI group and 1272 in the conventional PCI group). Overall, contrast consumption was decreased by 40.45 mL (95% confidence interval [CI] -70.98 to -9.92, P = 0.009) in magnetic PCI group compared with control group. In addition, magnetic PCI was associated with significantly decreasing procedural time by 2.17 minutes (95% CI -3.91 to -0.44, P = 0.01) and the total fluoroscopy time was significantly decreased by 1.43 minutes (95% CI -2.29 to -0.57, P = 0.001) in magnetic PCI group. However, procedural success rate, contrast used for wire crossing, procedure time to cross the lesions, and the fluoroscopy time to cross the lesions demonstrated that no statistically difference was observed between 2 groups. The present meta-analysis indicated an improvement of overall contrast consumption, total procedural time, and fluoroscopy time in magnetic PCI group. However, no significant advantages were observed associated with procedural success rate.

  12. Impact of robotics and a suspended lead suit on physician radiation exposure during percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Madder, Ryan D; VanOosterhout, Stacie; Mulder, Abbey; Elmore, Matthew; Campbell, Jessica; Borgman, Andrew; Parker, Jessica; Wohns, David

    Reports of left-sided brain malignancies among interventional cardiologists have heightened concerns regarding physician radiation exposure. This study evaluated the impact of a suspended lead suit and robotic system on physician radiation exposure during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Real-time radiation exposure data were prospectively collected from dosimeters worn by operating physicians at the head- and chest-level during consecutive PCI cases. Exposures were compared in three study groups: 1) manual PCI performed with traditional lead apparel; 2) manual PCI performed using suspended lead; and 3) robotic PCI performed in combination with suspended lead. Among 336 cases (86.6% manual, 13.4% robotic) performed over 30weeks, use of suspended lead during manual PCI was associated with significantly less radiation exposure to the chest and head of operating physicians than traditional lead apparel (chest: 0.0 [0.1] μSv vs 0.4 [4.0] μSv, p<0.001; head: 0.5 [1.9] μSv vs 14.9 [51.5] μSv, p<0.001). Chest-level radiation exposure during robotic PCI performed in combination with suspended lead was 0.0 [0.0] μSv, which was significantly less chest exposure than manual PCI performed with traditional lead (p<0.001) or suspended lead (p=0.046). In robotic PCI the median head-level exposure was 0.1 [0.2] μSv, which was 99.3% less than manual PCI performed with traditional lead (p<0.001) and 80.0% less than manual PCI performed with suspended lead (p<0.001). Utilization of suspended lead and robotics were observed to result in significantly less radiation exposure to the chest and head of operating physicians during PCI. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Clinical Significance of Laboratory-determined Aspirin Poor Responsiveness After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Mrdovic, Igor; Čolić, Mirko; Savic, Lidija; Krljanac, Gordana; Kruzliak, Peter; Lasica, Ratko; Asanin, Milika; Stanković, Sanja; Marinkovic, Jelena

    2016-04-01

    The objective of the present substudy was to examine whether aspirin poor/high responsiveness (APR/AHR) is associated with increased rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and serious bleeding after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). We analyzed 961 consecutive ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction patients who underwent PPCI between February 2008 and June 2011. Multiplate analyser (Dynabite, Munich, Germany) was used for the assessment of platelet reactivity. APR/AHR were defined as the upper/lower quintiles of ASPI values, determined 24 h after aspirin loading. APR patients were tailored using 300 mg maintenance dose for 30 days. The co-primary end points at 30 days were: MACE (death, non-fatal infarction, ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization and ischemic stroke) and serious bleeding according to the BARC classification. One hundred and 90 patients were classified as APR, and 193 patients as AHR. At admission, compared with aspirin sensitive patients (ASP), patients with APR had more frequently diabetes, anterior infarction and heart failure, while AHR patients had reduced values of creatine kinase, leukocytes, heart rate and systolic blood pressure. Compared with ASP, the rates of 30-day primary end points did not differ neither in APR group including tailored patients (MACE, adjusted OR 1.02, 95%CI 0.47-2.17; serious bleeding, adjusted OR 1.92, 95%CI 0.79-4.63), nor in patients with AHR (MACE, adjusted OR 1.58, 95%CI 0.71-5.51; serious bleeding, adjusted OR 0.69, 95%CI 0.22-2.12). The majority of APR patients were suitable for tailoring. Neither APR including tailored patients nor AHR were associated with adverse 30-day efficacy or safety clinical outcomes.

  14. Sheathless guide catheter in transradial percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Miyasaka, Masaki; Tada, Norio; Kato, Shigeaki; Kami, Masahiro; Horie, Kazunori; Honda, Taku; Takizawa, Kaname; Otomo, Tatsushi; Inoue, Naoto

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of sheathless guide catheters in transradial percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Transradial PCI for STEMI offers significant clinical benefits, including a reduced incidence of vascular complications. As the size of the radial artery is small, the radial artery is frequently damaged in this procedure using large-bore catheters. A sheathless guide catheter offers a solution to this problem as it does not require an introducer sheath. However, the efficacy and safety of sheathless guide catheters remain to be fully determined in emergent transradial PCI for STEMI. Data on consecutive STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI at the Sendai Kousei Hospital between September 2010 and May 2013 were analyzed. The primary endpoint was the rate of acute procedural success without access site crossover. Secondary endpoints included door-to-balloon time, fluoroscopy time, volume of contrast, and radial artery stenosis or occlusion rate. We conducted transradial PCI for 478 patients with STEMI using a sheathless guide catheter. Acute procedural success was achieved in 466 patients (97.5%). The median door-to-balloon time was 45 min (range, 15-317 min). The median fluoroscopy time was 16.4 min (range, 10-90 min). The median volume of contrast was 134 mL (range, 31-431 mL). Radial stenosis or occlusion developed in 14 (3.8%) of the 370 evaluable patients. This study showed that use of a sheathless guide catheter taking a transradial approach was effective and safe in primary PCI for STEMI. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Predictive Value of Aortic Valve Calcification for Periprocedural Myocardial Injury in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Shibata, Yohei; Suzuki, Susumu; Tanaka, Akihito; Tatami, Yosuke; Harata, Shingo; Ota, Tomoyuki; Shimbo, Yusaku; Takayama, Yohei; Kunimura, Ayako; Hirayama, Kenshi; Harada, Kazuhiro; Osugi, Naohiro; Murohara, Toyoaki

    2017-01-01

    Aims: Previous studies have shown that aortic valve calcification (AVC) was associated with cardiovascular events and mortality. On the other hand, periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a well-known predictor of subsequent mortality and poor clinical outcomes. The purpose of the study was to assess the hypothesis that the presence of AVC could predict PMI in PCI. Methods: This study included 370 patients treated with PCI for stable angina pectoris. AVC was defined as bright echoes > 1 mm on one or more cusps of the aortic valve on ultrasound cardiography (UCG). PMI was defined as an increase in high-sensitivity troponin T level of > 5 times the upper normal limit (> 0.070 ng/ml) at 24 hours after PCI. Results: AVC was detected in 45.9% of the patients (n = 170). The incidence of PMI was significantly higher in the patients with AVC than in those without AVC (43.5% vs 21.0%, p < 0.001). The presence of AVC independently predicted PMI after adjusting for other significant variables (odds ratio 2.26, 95% confidence interval 1.37–3.74, p = 0.002). Other predictors were male sex, age, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and total stent length. Furthermore to predict PMI, adding AVC to the established risk factors significantly improved the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves, from 0.68 to 0.72, of the PMI prediction model (p = 0.025). Conclusion: The presence of AVC detected in UCG could predict the incidence of PMI. PMID:27733732

  16. Gaps in referral to cardiac rehabilitation of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in the United States.

    PubMed

    Aragam, Krishna G; Dai, Dadi; Neely, Megan L; Bhatt, Deepak L; Roe, Matthew T; Rumsfeld, John S; Gurm, Hitinder S

    2015-05-19

    Rates of referral to cardiac rehabilitation after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been historically low despite the evidence that rehabilitation is associated with lower mortality in PCI patients. This study sought to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with referral to cardiac rehabilitation in a national PCI cohort, and to assess the association between insurance status and referral patterns. Consecutive patients who underwent PCI and survived to hospital discharge in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry between July 1, 2009 and March 31, 2012 were analyzed. Cardiac rehabilitation referral rates, and patient and institutional factors associated with referral were evaluated for the total study population and for a subset of Medicare patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction. Patients who underwent PCI (n = 1,432,399) at 1,310 participating hospitals were assessed. Cardiac rehabilitation referral rates were 59.2% and 66.0% for the overall population and the AMI/Medicare subgroup, respectively. In multivariable analyses, presentation with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (odds ratio 2.99; 95% confidence interval: 2.92 to 3.06) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (odds ratio: 1.99; 95% confidence interval: 1.94 to 2.03) were associated with increased odds of referral to cardiac rehabilitation. Models adjusted for insurance status showed significant site-specific variability in referral rates, with more than one-quarter of all hospitals referring <20% of patients. Approximately 60% of patients undergoing PCI in the United States are referred for cardiac rehabilitation. Site-specific variation in referral rates is significant and is unexplained by insurance coverage. These findings highlight the potential need for hospital-level interventions to improve cardiac rehabilitation referral rates after PCI. Copyright © 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights

  17. Revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention does not affect androgen status in males with chronic stable angina pectoris.

    PubMed

    Gosai, J N; Charalampidis, P; Nikolaidou, T; Parviz, Y; Morris, P D; Channer, K S; Jones, T H; Grech, E D

    2016-05-01

    There is a clear association between low serum testosterone and coronary artery disease (CAD) in men. Hypotestosteronaemia is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and a quarter of men with CAD are biochemically hypogonadal. Amongst those with CAD, hypotestosteronaemia is associated with increased mortality. Testosterone vasodilates coronary arteries, and exogenous testosterone reduces ischaemia. Whether hypotestosteronaemia is a cause or a consequence of CAD remains unanswered. The aim of this prospective observational study was to investigate whether coronary revascularization affected androgen status in men with stable angina pectoris. Twenty five men (mean age 62.7, SD 9.18) with angiographically significant CAD and symptomatic angina underwent full coronary revascularization by percutaneous coronary intervention. Androgen status and symptoms of angina, stress, depression and sexual function were assessed before, and at one and 6 months after the coronary revascularization. All patients underwent complete revascularization which was associated with a significant reduction in angina symptoms and ischaemia. No significant difference was seen in total testosterone (11.33 nmol/L baseline; 12.56, 1 month post; 13.04 at 6 months; p = 0.08). A significant and sustained rise in sex hormone-binding globulin was seen (33.99 nm/L baseline; 36.11 nm/L 1 month post PCI; 37.94 nm/L at 6 months; p = 0.03) Overall, there was no significant alteration in any other marker of androgen status including free testosterone or bioavailable testosterone. There was no change in symptoms of anxiety, depression or sexual function. Coronary revascularization has no sustained effect on androgen status. This supports the hypothesis that hypotestosteronaemia is not a consequence of angina pectoris or myocardial ischaemia. © 2016 American Society of Andrology and European Academy of Andrology.

  18. Effectiveness of Myocardial Contrast Echocardiography Quantitative Analysis during Adenosine Stress versus Visual Analysis before Percutaneous Therapy in Acute Coronary Pain: A Coronary Artery TIMI Grading Comparing Study

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Lixia; Mu, Yuming; Quaglia, Luiz Augusto; Tang, Qi; Guan, Lina; Wang, Chunmei; Shih, Ming Chi

    2012-01-01

    The study aim was to compare two different stress echocardiography interpretation techniques based on the correlation with thrombosis in myocardial infarction (TIMI ) flow grading from acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Forty-one patients with suspected ACS were studied before diagnostic coronary angiography with myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) at rest and at stress. The correlation of visual interpretation of MCE and TIMI flow grade was significant. The quantitative analysis (myocardial perfusion parameters: A, β, and A × β) and TIMI flow grade were significant. MCE visual interpretation and TIMI flow grade had a high degree of agreement, on diagnosing myocardial perfusion abnormality. If one considers TIMI flow grade <3 as abnormal, MCE visual interpretation at rest had 73.1% accuracy with 58.2% sensitivity and 84.2% specificity and at stress had 80.4% accuracy with 76.6% sensitivity and 83.3% specificity. The MCE quantitative analysis has better accuracy with 100% of agreement with different level of TIMI flow grading. MCE quantitative analysis at stress has showed a direct correlation with TIMI flow grade, more significant than the visual interpretation technique. Further studies could measure the clinical relevance of this more objective approach to managing acute coronary syndrome patient before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). PMID:22778555

  19. Prognostic value of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing left main percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Jaberg, Laurenz; Toggweiler, Stefan; Puck, Marietta; Frank, Michelle; Rufibach, Kaspar; Lüscher, Thomas F; Corti, Roberto

    2011-01-01

    Patients undergoing acute left main (LM) coronary artery revascularization have a high mortality and natriuretic peptides such as N-terminal pro-B-type (NT-proBNP) have been shown to have prognostic value in patients with acute coronary syndromes. The present study looked at the prognostic value of NT-proBNP in these patients. We studied all consecutive patients undergoing acute LM coronary artery percutaneous coronary intervention between January 2005 and December 2008 in whom NT-proBNP was measured (n=71). We analyzed the clinical characteristics and the short- and long-term outcomes in relation to NT-proBNP level at admission. Median NT-proBNP was 1,364 ng/L, ranging from 46 to 70,000 ng/L. NT-proBNP was elevated in 63 (89%) patients and was ≥1,000ng/L in 42 (59%). Log NT-proBNP (hazard ratio [HR] 3.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.55-7.97, P=0.003) and left ventricular ejection fraction (HR 0.95, 95%CI 0.91-0.99, P=0.007) were predictors for all-cause mortality. Log NT-proBNP was the only independent significant predictor of cardiovascular mortality. In-hospital mortality was 0% for patients with NT-proBNP <1,000, but 17% for those with NT-proBNP ≥1,000 (P=0.036). NT-proBNP is a strong predictor of outcome in patients undergoing acute LM coronary artery stenting. Mortality in such patients is high, but those with NT-proBNP < 1,000ng/L may have a favorable short- and long-term prognosis. Further research, including a larger patient population, is needed to determine the optimal cut-off value for NT-proBNP in patients undergoing acute LM coronary artery intervention.

  20. Transradial percutaneous coronary intervention without on-site cardiac surgery for stable coronary disease and myocardial infarction: preliminary report and initial experience in 174 patients.

    PubMed

    Escárcega, Ricardo O; Pérez-Alva, Juan C; Jiménez-Hernández, Mario; Mendoza-Pinto, Claudia; Pérez, Ruben S; Porras, Renán S; García-Carrasco, Mario

    2010-10-01

    On-site cardiac surgery is not widely available in developing countries despite a high prevalence of coronary artery disease. To analyze the safety, feasibility and cost-effectiveness of transradial percutaneous coronary intervention without on-site cardiac surgery in a community hospital in a developing country. Of the 174 patients who underwent PCI for the first time in our center, we analyzed two groups: stable coronary disease and acute myocardial infarction. The primary endpoint was the rate of complications during the first 24 hours after PCI. We also analyzed the length of hospital stay and the rate of hospital readmission in the first week after PCI, and compared costs between the radial and femoral approaches. The study group comprised 131 patients with stable coronary disease and 43 with acute MI. Among the patients with stable coronary disease 8 (6.1%) had pulse loss, 12 (9.16%) had on-site hematoma, and 3 (2.29%) had bleeding at the site of the puncture. Among the patients with acute MI, 3 (6.98) had pulse loss and 5 (11.63%) had bleeding at the site of the puncture. There were no cases of atriovenous fistula or nerve damage. In the stable coronary disease group, 130 patients (99%) were discharged on the same day (2.4 +/- 2 hours). In the acute MI group, the length of stay was 6.6 +/- 2.5 days with at least 24 hours in the intensive care unit. There were no hospital readmissions in the first week after the procedure. The total cost, which includes equipment related to the specific approach and recovery room stay, was significantly lower with the radial approach compared to the femoral approach (US$ 500 saving per intervention). The transradial approach was safe and feasible in a community hospital in a developing country without on-site cardiac surgery backup. The radial artery approach is clearly more cost-effective than the femoral approach.

  1. Five-year outcomes in patients with left main disease treated with either percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting in the synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery trial.

    PubMed

    Morice, Marie-Claude; Serruys, Patrick W; Kappetein, A Pieter; Feldman, Ted E; Ståhle, Elisabeth; Colombo, Antonio; Mack, Michael J; Holmes, David R; Choi, James W; Ruzyllo, Witold; Religa, Grzegorz; Huang, Jian; Roy, Kristine; Dawkins, Keith D; Mohr, Friedrich

    2014-06-10

    Current guidelines recommend coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) when treating significant de novo left main coronary artery (LM) stenosis; however, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has a class IIa indication for unprotected LM disease in selected patients. This analysis compares 5-year clinical outcomes in PCI- and CABG-treated LM patients in the Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial, the largest trial in this group to date. The SYNTAX trial randomly assigned 1800 patients with LM or 3-vessel disease to receive either PCI (with TAXUS Express paclitaxel-eluting stents) or CABG. The unprotected LM cohort (N=705) was predefined and powered. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event rates at 5 years was 36.9% in PCI patients and 31.0% in CABG patients (hazard ratio, 1.23 [95% confidence interval, 0.95-1.59]; P=0.12). Mortality rate was 12.8% and 14.6% in PCI and CABG patients, respectively (hazard ratio, 0.88 [95% confidence interval, 0.58-1.32]; P=0.53). Stroke was significantly increased in the CABG group (PCI 1.5% versus CABG 4.3%; hazard ratio, 0.33 [95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.92]; P=0.03) and repeat revascularization in the PCI arm (26.7% versus 15.5%; hazard ratio, 1.82 [95% confidence interval, 1.28-2.57]; P<0.01). Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events were similar between arms in patients with low/intermediate SYNTAX scores but significantly increased in PCI patients with high scores (≥33). At 5 years, no difference in overall major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events was found between treatment groups. PCI-treated patients had a lower stroke but a higher revascularization rate versus CABG. These results suggest that both treatments are valid options for LM patients. The extent of disease should accounted for when choosing between surgery and PCI, because patients with high SYNTAX scores seem to benefit more from surgery compared with those in the lower tertiles. http

  2. Usefulness of tirofiban among patients treated without percutaneous coronary intervention (TIMI high risk patients in PRISM-PLUS).

    PubMed

    Morrow, David A; Sabatine, Marc S; Antman, Elliott M; Cannon, Christopher P; Braunwald, Eugene; Theroux, Pierre

    2004-09-15

    Although the efficacy of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibition in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes is greatest in patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it was hypothesized that high-risk patients managed without PCI also benefit. The TIMI risk score was calculated for 1,570 patients randomized to tirofiban plus heparin versus heparin in the Platelet Receptor Inhibition in Ischemic Syndrome Management in Patients Limited by Unstable Signs and Symptoms trial. In high-risk patients (score > or =4) treated without PCI, tirofiban reduced the risk for death, myocardial infarction, and refractory ischemia at 30 days (28.8% vs 21.9%; odds ratio [OR] 0.69, p = 0.04). This benefit was similar in magnitude as that for patients who underwent PCI (32.4% vs 22.2%; OR 0.60, p = 0.06). No benefit was evident in low-risk patients.

  3. Identifying strategy for ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with anticipated unfavorable radial access: the Little Women study.

    PubMed

    Sgueglia, Gregory A; Todaro, Daniel; De Santis, Antonella; Conte, Micaela; Gioffrè, Gaetano; Di Giorgio, Angela; D'Errico, Fabrizio; Piccioni, Fabiana; Summaria, Francesco; Gaspardone, Achille

    2017-10-16

    Transradial percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) offers important advantages over transfemoral PCI, including better outcomes. However, when there is indication to ad hoc PCI, a 6 French workflow is a common default strategy, hence potentially influencing vascular access selection in patients with anticipated small size radial artery. A multidimensional evaluation was performed to compare two ad hoc interventional strategies in women <160cm: a full 6 French workflow (namely 6 French introducer sheath, diagnostic catheters and guiding catheter) with a modified workflow consisting in the use of 5 French diagnostic catheters preceded by the placement of a 6 French sheath introducer and followed by a 6 French guiding catheter use for PCI. Overall 120 women (68±11years) were enrolled in the study. Coronary angiography has been performed using 5 French or 6 French diagnostic catheters in 57 (47.5%) and 63 (52.5%) cases, respectively. Radial spasm and switch to another access occurred more frequently among women who underwent coronary angiography with 6 French rather than 5 French diagnostic catheters (43% vs. 25%, p=0.03 and 2% vs. 11%, p=0.04, respectively). Total time to guidewire lesion crossing was also significantly higher when PCI has been preceded by 6 French rather than 5 French coronary angiography (23±11min vs 16±7min, p=0.013). In patients with anticipated unfavorable radial access, a workflow consisting in 6 French introducer sheath placement, 5 French coronary angiography, and 6 French coronary intervention is on multiple parameters the most straightforward and effective strategy. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Early risk of mortality after coronary artery revascularization in patients with left ventricular dysfunction and potential role of the wearable cardioverter defibrillator.

    PubMed

    Zishiri, Edwin T; Williams, Sarah; Cronin, Edmond M; Blackstone, Eugene H; Ellis, Stephen G; Roselli, Eric E; Smedira, Nicholas G; Gillinov, A Marc; Glad, Jo Ann; Tchou, Patrick J; Szymkiewicz, Steven J; Chung, Mina K

    2013-02-01

    Implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator for prevention of sudden cardiac death is deferred for 90 days after coronary revascularization, but mortality may be highest early after cardiac procedures in patients with ventricular dysfunction. We determined mortality risk in postrevascularization patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% and compared survival with those discharged with a wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD). Hospital survivors after surgical (coronary artery bypass graft surgery) or percutaneous (percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]) revascularization with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% were included from Cleveland Clinic and national WCD registries. Kaplan-Meier, Cox proportional hazards, propensity score-matched survival, and hazard function analyses were performed. Early mortality hazard was higher among 4149 patients discharged without a defibrillator compared with 809 with WCDs (90-day mortality post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery 7% versus 3%, P=0.03; post-PCI 10% versus 2%, P<0.0001). WCD use was associated with adjusted lower risks of long-term mortality in the total cohort (39%, P<0.0001) and both post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery (38%, P=0.048) and post-PCI (57%, P<0.0001) cohorts (mean follow-up, 3.2 years). In propensity-matched analyses, WCD use remained associated with lower mortality (58% post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery, P=0.002; 67% post-PCI, P<0.0001). Mortality differences were not attributable solely to therapies for ventricular arrhythmia. Only 1.3% of the WCD group had a documented appropriate therapy. Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% have higher early compared to late mortality after coronary revascularization, particularly after PCI. As early hazard seemed less marked in WCD users, prospective studies in this high-risk population are indicated to confirm whether WCD use as a bridge to left ventricular ejection fraction improvement or

  5. Impact of Lipoprotein (a) on Long-Term Outcomes in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Treated with Statin After a First Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Suwa, Satoru; Miyauchi, Katsumi; Sonoda, Taketo; Konishi, Hirokazu; Tsuboi, Shuta; Wada, Hideki; Naito, Ryo; Dohi, Tomotaka; Kasai, Takatoshi; Okazaki, Shinya; Isoda, Kikuo; Daida, Hiroyuki

    2017-01-01

    Aims: Cardiovascular risk persists despite intensive lipid lowering therapy using statins. Serum levels of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] can be a residual cardiovascular risk for adverse events. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of Lp(a) on long-term clinical outcomes in patients treated with statin after percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 3507 consecutive CAD patients who underwent a first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between 1997 and 2011 at our institution. We identified 1768 patients (50.4%) who had treated with statin during PCI. Eligible 1336 patients were stratified to two groups according to Lp(a) levels (median Lp (a) 21.5 mg/dL). The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including cardiac death and non-fatal acute coronary syndrome. Results: MACE occurred 144 (10.8%) including 34 (2.5%) cardiac death and 110 (8.7%) non-fatal ACS during median follow-up period of 1920 days. The cumulative rate of MACE was significantly higher in group with high Lp(a) group (log-rank p = 0.0460). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a significant correlation between Lp (a) levels treated as a natural logarithm-transformed continuous variable and increased MACE (adjusted HR for MACE 1.28, 95%CI 1.04–1.58, p = 0.0184) Conclusion: Elevated levels of Lp(a) is significantly associated with long-term adverse clinical outcomes among CAD patients who received statin therapy after PCI. PMID:28321012

  6. [The development and effects of an integrated symptom management program for prevention of recurrent cardiac events after percutaneous coronary intervention].

    PubMed

    Son, Youn-Jung

    2008-04-01

    This study was conducted to develop and to determine the effects of an integrated symptom management program for prevention of recurrent cardiac events after percutaneous coronary intervention. Subjects consisted of 58 CAD patients (experimental group: 30, control group: 28). The experimental group participated in an integrated symptom management program for 6 months which was composed of tailored education, stress management, exercise, diet, deep breathing, music therapy, periodical telephone monitoring and a daily log. The control group received the usual care. The experimental group significantly decreased symptom experiences and the level of LDL compared to the control group. The experimental group significantly increased self care activity and quality of life compared to the control group. Although no significant difference was found in cardiac recurrence, the experimental group had fewer recurrences. These results suggest that an integrated symptom management program for prevention of recurrent cardiac events after percutaneous coronary intervention can improve symptom aggravation, recurrent rate, self care activity and quality of life. Nursing interventions are needed to maintain and further enhance the quality of life of these patients and the interventions should be implemented in the overall transition period.

  7. Efficacy and Safety of Available Protocols for Aspirin Hypersensitivity for Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Survey and Systematic Review.

    PubMed

    Bianco, Matteo; Bernardi, Alessandro; D'Ascenzo, Fabrizio; Cerrato, Enrico; Omedè, Pierluigi; Montefusco, Antonio; DiNicolantonio, James J; Zoccai, Giuseppe Biondi; Varbella, Ferdinando; Carini, Giovanni; Moretti, Claudio; Pozzi, Roberto; Gaita, Fiorenzo

    2016-01-01

    The most suitable approach for patients with aspirin hypersensitivity undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention remains to be assessed. Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane were systematically searched for papers describing protocols about aspirin hypersensitivity in the percutaneous coronary intervention setting. Discharge from hospital with aspirin was the primary end point, whereas rates of adverse reactions being a secondary outcome. An online international survey was performed to critically analyze rates of aspirin hypersensitivity and its medical and interventional management. Eleven studies with 283 patients were included. An endovenous desensitization protocol was performed on one of them, with high efficacy rate (98%) and a low adverse reaction rate when compared with oral administration. No significant differences were reported among the oral protocols in terms of efficacy (less versus more fractionated [95.8% {95.4%-96.2%} versus 95.9% {95.2-96.5%}]), whereas higher incidence of rash and angioedema were reported for protocols with <6 doses escalation (2.6% [1.1%-4.1%] versus 2.6% [1.9%-3.2%]). In the survey, we collected answer from 86 physician of the 100 interviewed. Fifty-six percent of them managed aspirin hypersensitivity changing the therapeutic regimen (eg, clopidogrel monotherapy and indobufen). Despite the previous safety data, desensitization protocols were adopted by only 42% of surveyed cardiologist. Available protocols for aspirin hypersensitivity are effective and safe, representing a feasible approach for patients needing dual antiplatelet therapy. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  8. Can we improve length of hospitalization in ST elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention?

    PubMed Central

    Kotowycz, Mark A; Syal, Renu Pal; Afzal, Rizwan; Natarajan, Madhu K

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction have traditionally been hospitalized for five to seven days to monitor for serious complications such as heart failure, arrhythmias, reinfarction and death. The Zwolle primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) index is an externally validated risk score that has been used to identify low-risk primary PCI patients who can safely be discharged from the hospital within 48 h to 72 h. METHODS: The Zwolle score was retrospectively applied to all ST elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with primary PCI between April 2004 and February 2006 at a large Canadian teaching hospital. The goal was to characterize length of stay (LOS) in low-risk patients and to identify variables that correlate with patients who were hospitalized longer than expected. RESULTS: Data were collected on 255 patients. The mean LOS was 7.2±7.7 days (median 5.0 days [interquartile range 3.5 days]). A total of 179 patients (70%) had a Zwolle score of 3 or lower, identifying them as low risk. There was one death in the low-risk group (0.6% 30-day mortality) and 15 deaths in the higher-risk group (19.7% 30-day mortality), validating the Zwolle score in the population. A contraindication to early discharge was identified in 34 of the low-risk patients. Among the 144 remaining low-risk patients, the mean LOS was 5.1±3.3 days (median 4.0 days [interquartile range 3.0 days]). Only 8% were discharged within 48 h and only 28% within 72 h. It was determined that fewer patients were discharged on weekends and Wednesdays (when medical residents were away for teaching) than on other weekdays. LOS was longer among patients who were discharged on warfarin (7.6 days versus 4.6 days, P=0.006), and among patients who were transferred back to their presenting hospital rather than being discharged directly from the hospital where PCI was performed (5.6 days versus 4.0 days, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Seventy-two per cent of low-risk primary PCI

  9. Incidence and outcome of surgical procedures after coronary artery bypass grafting compared with those after percutaneous coronary intervention: a report from the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2.

    PubMed

    Tokushige, Akihiro; Shiomi, Hiroki; Morimoto, Takeshi; Ono, Koh; Furukawa, Yutaka; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Kadota, Kazushige; Ando, Kenji; Shizuta, Satoshi; Tada, Tomohisa; Tazaki, Junichi; Kato, Yoshihiro; Hayano, Mamoru; Abe, Mitsuru; Hamasaki, Shuichi; Ohishi, Mitsuru; Nakashima, Hitoshi; Mitsudo, Kazuaki; Nobuyoshi, Masakiyo; Kita, Toru; Imoto, Yutaka; Sakata, Ryuzo; Okabayashi, Hitoshi; Hanyu, Michiya; Shimamoto, Mitsuomi; Nishiwaki, Noboru; Komiya, Tatsuhiko; Kimura, Takeshi

    2014-08-01

    Noncardiac surgery after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been reported to be carrying high risk for both ischemic and bleeding complications. However, there has been no report comparing the incidence and outcomes of surgical procedures after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with those after PCI. Among 14 383 patients undergoing first coronary revascularization (PCI, n=12 207; CABG, n=2176) enrolled in the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto (CREDO-Kyoto) PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2, surgical procedures were performed more frequently after CABG (n=560) than after PCI (n=2398; cumulative 3-year incidence: 27% versus 22%; unadjusted P<0.0001), particularly <6 months of coronary revascularization. The risk for the primary ischemic outcome measure (death/myocardial infarction) at 30-day postsurgical procedures was not significantly different between the CABG and PCI groups (cumulative incidence: 3.1% versus 3.2%; unadjusted P=0.9; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.97; 95% confidence interval, 0.47-1.89; P=0.9). The risk for the primary bleeding outcome measure (moderate or severe bleeding by Global Utilization of Streptokinase and Tissue Plasminogen Activator for Occluded Coronary Arteries classification) was lower in the CABG groups than in the PCI group (cumulative incidence: 1.3% versus 2.6%; unadjusted P=0.07; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.36; 95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.87; P=0.02). There were no interactions between the timing of surgery and the types of coronary revascularization (CABG/PCI) for both ischemic and bleeding outcomes. Surgical procedures were performed significantly more frequently after CABG than after PCI, particularly <6 months after coronary revascularization. Surgical procedures after CABG as compared with those after PCI were associated with similar risk for ischemic events and lower risk for bleeding events, regardless of the timing after coronary revascularization. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.

  10. The use of nitrates in the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients hospitalized after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Peguero, Julio G; Cornielle, Vertilio; Gomez, Sabas I; Issa, Omar M; Heimowitz, Todd B; Santana, Orlando; Goldszer, Robert C; Lamas, Gervasio A

    2014-05-01

    Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and effective strategies for its prevention are greatly needed. The purpose of this retrospective, single-center study was to investigate whether nitrate use during percutaneous coronary artery intervention reduces the incidence of CIN. Chart review of all individuals who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from April 2010 to March 2011 was done. Included in the study were patients who were admitted to the hospital after percutaneous coronary artery intervention and had baseline and follow-up creatinine measured. Patients with end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis and those patients with insufficient information to calculate Mehran score were excluded. There were 199 patients who met the eligibility criteria for inclusion in this study. In the identified population, postprocedure renal function was compared between 112 patients who received nitrates prior to coronary intervention and 87 who did not. Baseline characteristics were similar between the 2 groups. Contrast-induced nephropathy was defined as either a 25% or a 0.5 mg/dL, or greater, increase in serum creatinine during the first 48 to 72 hours after contrast exposure. Overall, 43 (21.6%) patients developed CIN post-PCI. Of the patients who received nitrates, 15.2% developed renal impairment when compared to 29.9% in those who did not (odds ratio [OR] = 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.21-0.84, P = .014). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that nitrate use was independently correlated with a reduction in the development of contrast nephropathy (OR = 0.334, 95% CI 0.157-0.709, P = .004). Additionally, of the various methods of nitrate administration, intravenous infusion was shown to be the most efficacious route in preventing renal impairment (OR = 0.42, 95% CI 0.20-0.90, P = .03). In conclusion, the use of nitrates prior to PCI, particularly intravenous nitroglycerin infusion, may

  11. Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on Ischemic Events in Men and Women After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Farhan, Serdar; Baber, Usman; Vogel, Birgit; Aquino, Melissa; Chandrasekhar, Jaya; Faggioni, Michela; Giustino, Gennaro; Kautzky-Willer, Alexandra; Sweeny, Joesph; Shah, Srushti; Vijay, Pooja; Barman, Nitin; Moreno, Pedro; Kovacic, Jason; Dangas, George; Kini, Annapoorna; Mehran, Roxana; Sharma, Samin

    2017-04-15

    Studies have shown worse outcome for women compared with men after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), especially in the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM). We aimed to investigate the risk of ischemic events after PCI in women versus men stratified by the presence or absence of DM. A total of 17,154 consecutive patients from a single-center PCI registry enrolled from January 2009 to December 2014 were categorized accordingly: female/non-DM, female/DM, male/non-DM, and male/DM. End points included death and myocardial infarction (MI) at 1 year. Of the overall population, 15% (n = 2,631) were female/non-DM, 17% (n = 2,891) were female/DM, 38% (n = 6,483) were male/non-DM, and 30% (n = 5,149) were male/DM. Within the 4 study groups, female/DM had the highest risk, whereas female/non-DM and male/DM showed similar risks and male/non-DM showed lowest risk for death (4.64% vs 3.08% vs 2.93% vs 2.31%; p-trend <0.0001 over all groups and p = 0.69 between female/non-DM and male/DM, respectively) and MI (4.15% vs 3.99% vs 3.71% vs 2.55%; p trend <0.0001 over all groups and p = 0.97 between female/non-DM and male/DM, respectively). After multivariate adjustment findings were largely unchanged suggesting highest risk for adverse events in diabetic women compared with other groups and comparable risks for death and MI in nondiabetic women compared with diabetic men. In conclusion, these findings highlight the combined influence of DM and female gender as strong determinants of post-PCI risk while also illustrating "risk equivalence" between nondiabetic women versus diabetic men. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. Economic Evaluation of Complete Revascularization for Patients with Multivessel Disease Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Barton, Garry R; Irvine, Lisa; Flather, Marcus; McCann, Gerry P; Curzen, Nick; Gershlick, Anthony H

    2017-06-01

    To determine the cost-effectiveness of complete revascularization at index admission compared with infarct-related artery (IRA) treatment only, in patients with multivessel disease undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. An economic evaluation of a multicenter randomized trial was conducted, comparing complete revascularization at index admission to IRA-only P-PCI in patients with multivessel disease (12-month follow-up). Overall hospital costs (costs for P-PCI procedure(s), hospital length of stay, and any subsequent re-admissions) were estimated. Outcomes were major adverse cardiac events (MACEs, a composite of all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction, heart failure, and ischemia-driven revascularization) and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) derived from the three-level EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire. Multiple imputation was undertaken. The mean incremental cost and effect, with associated 95% confidence intervals, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, and the cost-effectiveness acceptability curve were estimated. On the basis of 296 patients, the mean incremental overall hospital cost for complete revascularization was estimated to be -£215.96 (-£1390.20 to £958.29), compared with IRA-only, with a per-patient mean reduction in MACEs of 0.170 (0.044 to 0.296) and a QALY gain of 0.011 (-0.019 to 0.041). According to the cost-effectiveness acceptability curve, the probability of complete revascularization being cost-effective was estimated to be 72.0% at a willingness-to-pay threshold value of £20,000 per QALY. Complete revascularization at index admission was estimated to be more effective (in terms of MACEs and QALYs) and cost-effective (overall costs were estimated to be lower and complete revascularization thereby dominated IRA-only). There was, however, some uncertainty associated with this decision. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and

  13. Obstructive Sleep Apnea Affecting Platelet Reactivity in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Xiao-Min; Qian, Xue-Song; Gao, Xiao-Fei; Ge, Zhen; Tian, Nai-Liang; Kan, Jing; Zhang, Jun-Jie

    2018-05-05

    The relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and platelet reactivity in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been defined. The present prospective, single-center study explored the relationship between platelet reactivity and OSA in patients with PCI. A total of 242 patients were finally included in the study. OSA was screened overnight by polysomnography. Platelet reactivity was assessed with a sequential platelet counting method, and the platelet maximum aggregation ratio (MAR) and average aggregation ratio were calculated. All patients were assigned per apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) to non-OSA (n = 128) and OSA (n = 114) groups. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to evaluate the accuracy of AHI for high platelet reactivity (HPR) on aspirin and clopidogrel, and multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the independent predictors of HPR on aspirin and clopidogrel. Median AHI was significantly higher in the OSA group than in the non-OSA group (34.5 events/h vs. 8.1 events/h, Z = -13.422, P < 0.001). Likewise, median arachidonic acid- and adenosine diphosphate-induced maximum aggregation rate (MAR) in the OSA group was significantly higher than those in the non-OSA group (21.1% vs. 17.7%, Z = -3.525, P < 0.001 and 45.8% vs. 32.2%, Z = -5.708, P < 0.001, respectively). Multivariable logistic regression showed that OSA was the only independent predictor for HPR on aspirin (odds ratio [OR]: 1.055, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.033-1.077, P < 0.001) and clopidogrel (OR: 1.036, 95% CI: 1.017-1.056, P < 0.001). The cutoff value of AHI for HPR on aspirin was 45.2 events/h (sensitivity 47.1% and specificity 91.3%), whereas cutoff value of AHI for HPR on clopidogrel was 21.3 events/h (sensitivity 68.3% and specificity 67.7%). Platelet reactivity appeared to be higher in OSA patients with PCI despite having received a loading dose of aspirin and clopidogrel, and OSA might be an independent

  14. Gender differences in home-based cardiac rehabilitation of post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients.

    PubMed

    Kim, Yong Hwan; So, Wi-Young

    2018-04-20

    Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a structured program for the prevention of secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This study aimed to investigate whether there are gender differences after 9 months of home-based cardiac rehabilitation program in post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients. A total of 114 (58.29 ± 10.33 years) men and 30 (60.90 ± 9.32 years) women were enrolled in the CR program. The program included three visits: initial, 4th month (follow-up), and 9th month (final) visits at a CR center. The CR program included exercise and nutrition counseling. In nutrition counseling, a professional nutritionist educated the patients on how to organize the menu, incorporating an optimal caloric, low-salt, and low-cholesterol diet. Exercise was performed 30 min per session for more than 3 days per week with a target heart rate within 40-75% of the peak heart rate-resting heart rate (VO 2 reserve; VO 2 R) during intense exercise, which was based on ECG treadmill test. After 9 months, there was no significant difference in terms of dropout rate between men and women (p < 0.05). No significant changes were found in the anthropometric and lipid profiles in women, whereas the HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) was significantly increased to 6.8% (p = 0.005) in men. The findings of our study showed that there was no difference in the CR participation rate between men and women. Moreover, there was an increase in HDL-C levels and an improvement in cardiorespiratory endurance, strength, and agility in men, whereas no significant difference in most risk factors and fitness variables was found in women. Thus, the 9-month home-based CR program was more effective for fitness in men, but only the HDL-C showed positive improvement among the cardiovascular risk factors. In women, 6-min walk and timed up and go were effective exercises.

  15. Infarct size and left ventricular remodelling after preventive percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Mangion, Kenneth; Carrick, David; Hennigan, Barry W; Payne, Alexander R; McClure, John; Mason, Maureen; Das, Rajiv; Wilson, Rebecca; Edwards, Richard J; Petrie, Mark C; McEntegart, Margaret; Eteiba, Hany; Oldroyd, Keith G; Berry, Colin

    2016-01-01

    Objective We hypothesised that, compared with culprit-only primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), additional preventive PCI in selected patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction with multivessel disease would not be associated with iatrogenic myocardial infarction, and would be associated with reductions in left ventricular (LV) volumes in the longer term. Methods In the preventive angioplasty in myocardial infarction trial (PRAMI; ISRCTN73028481), cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) was prespecified in two centres and performed (median, IQR) 3 (1, 5) and 209 (189, 957) days after primary PCI. Results From 219 enrolled patients in two sites, 84% underwent CMR. 42 (50%) were randomised to culprit-artery-only PCI and 42 (50%) were randomised to preventive PCI. Follow-up CMR scans were available in 72 (86%) patients. There were two (4.8%) cases of procedure-related myocardial infarction in the preventive PCI group. The culprit-artery-only group had a higher proportion of anterior myocardial infarctions (MIs) (55% vs 24%). Infarct sizes (% LV mass) at baseline and follow-up were similar. At follow-up, there was no difference in LV ejection fraction (%, median (IQR), (culprit-artery-only PCI vs preventive PCI) 51.7 (42.9, 60.2) vs 54.4 (49.3, 62.8), p=0.23), LV end-diastolic volume (mL/m2, 69.3 (59.4, 79.9) vs 66.1 (54.7, 73.7), p=0.48) and LV end-systolic volume (mL/m2, 31.8 (24.4, 43.0) vs 30.7 (23.0, 36.3), p=0.20). Non-culprit angiographic lesions had low-risk Syntax scores and 47% had non-complex characteristics. Conclusions Compared with culprit-only PCI, non-infarct-artery MI in the preventive PCI strategy was uncommon and LV volumes and ejection fraction were similar. PMID:27504003

  16. Outcomes following percutaneous coronary revascularization among South Asian and Chinese Canadians.

    PubMed

    Mackay, Martha H; Singh, Robinder; Boone, Robert H; Park, Julie E; Humphries, Karin H

    2017-04-19

    Previous data suggest significant ethnic differences in outcomes following percutaneous coronary revascularization (PCI), though previous studies have focused on subgroups of PCI patients or used administrative data only. We sought to compare outcomes in a population-based cohort of men and women of South Asian (SA), Chinese and "Other" ethnicity. Using a population-based registry, we identified 41,792 patients who underwent first revascularization via PCI in British Columbia, Canada, between 2001 and 2010. We defined three ethnic groups (SA, 3904 [9.3%]; Chinese, 1345 [3.2%]; and all "Others" 36,543 [87.4%]). Differences in mortality, repeat revascularization (RRV) and target vessel revascularization (TVR), at 30 days and from 31 days to 2 years were examined. Adjusted mortality from 31 days to 2 years was lower in Chinese patients than in "Others" (hazard ratio [HR] 0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.53-0.97), but not different between SAs and "Others". SA patients had higher RRV at 30 days (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.30; 95% CI: 1.12-1.51) and from 31 days to 2 years (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.17; 95% CI: 1.06-1.30) compared to "Others". In contrast, Chinese patients had a lower rate of RRV from 31 days to 2 years (adjusted HR 0.79; 95% CI: 0.64-0.96) versus "Others". SA patients also had higher rates of TVR at 30 days (adjusted OR 1.35; 95% CI: 1.10-1.66) and from 31 days to 2 years (adjusted HR 1.19; 95% CI: 1.06-1.34) compared to "Others". Chinese patients had a lower rate of TVR from 31 days to 2 years (adjusted HR 0.76; 95% CI: 0.60-0.96). SA had higher RRV and TVR rates while Chinese Canadians had lower rates of long-term RRV, compared to those of "Other" ethnicity. Further research to elucidate the reasons for these differences could inform targeted strategies to improve outcomes.

  17. Use of the Dual-Antiplatelet Therapy Score to Guide Treatment Duration After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Piccolo, Raffaele; Gargiulo, Giuseppe; Franzone, Anna; Santucci, Andrea; Ariotti, Sara; Baldo, Andrea; Tumscitz, Carlo; Moschovitis, Aris; Windecker, Stephan; Valgimigli, Marco

    2017-07-04

    The dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) score was developed to identify patients more likely to derive harm (score <2) or benefit (score ≥2) from prolonged DAPT after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). To evaluate the safety and efficacy of DAPT duration according to DAPT score. Retrospective assessment of DAPT score-guided treatment duration in a randomized clinical trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00611286). PCI patients. 1970 patients undergoing PCI. DAPT (aspirin and clopidogrel) for 24 versus 6 months. Primary efficacy outcomes were death, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident. The primary safety outcome was type 3 or 5 bleeding according to the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium definition. Outcomes were assessed between 6 and 24 months. 884 patients (44.9%) had a DAPT score of at least 2, and 1086 (55.1%) had a score less than 2. The reduction in the primary efficacy outcome with 24- versus 6-month DAPT was greater in patients with high scores (risk difference [RD] for score ≥2, -2.05 percentage points [95% CI, -5.04 to 0.95 percentage points]; RD for score <2, 2.91 percentage points [CI, -0.43 to 6.25 percentage points]; P = 0.030). However, the difference by score for the primary efficacy outcome varied by stent type; prolonged DAPT with high scores was effective only in patients receiving paclitaxel-eluting stents (RD, -7.55 percentage points [CI, -12.85 to -2.25 percentage points]). The increase in the primary safety outcome with 24- versus 6-month DAPT was greater in patients with low scores (RD for score ≥2, 0.20 percentage point [CI, -1.20 to 1.60 percentage points]; RD for score <2, 2.58 percentage points [CI, 0.71 to 4.46 percentage points]; P = 0.046). Retrospective calculation of the DAPT score. Prolonged DAPT resulted in harm in patients with low DAPT scores undergoing PCI but reduced risk for ischemic events in patients with high scores receiving paclitaxel-eluting stents. Whether prolonged DAPT benefits patients with

  18. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction in the elderly aged ≥75 years.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Koyu; Nagayama, Shinya; Ihara, Kasumi; Ando, Kenji; Shirai, Shinichi; Kondo, Katsuhiro; Yokoi, Hiroyoshi; Iwabuchi, Masashi; Nosaka, Hideyuki; Nobuyoshi, Masakiyo

    2012-01-01

    We aimed to see whether primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) benefits for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the aged could be validated. Primary PCI benefits in elderly patients with STEMI remain uncertain. We reviewed 947 consecutive patients treated with primary PCI for STEMI: 331 were aged ≥75 years (older) and 616 <75 years (younger). The older group had higher percentage of renal insufficiency (7.9% vs. 3.1%, P = 0.0010), prior stroke (9.4% vs. 3.9%, P = 0.0006), 30-day mortality rate (7.6% vs. 3.9%, P = 0.015), and cardiac mortality rate (6.6% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.045). Successful reperfusion rates were similarly high in both groups (90.0% and 92.7%, P = 0.16), despite the higher proportion of patients with door-to-balloon time >90 min (15% vs. 8.4%, P = 0.0016) in older patients. Successful compared with unsuccessful PCI significantly decreased 30-day mortality rates in the older group (6.0% vs. 21%, P = 0.0018) and in the younger group (2.8% vs. 18%, P < 0.0001). When reperfusion was successful, cardiac mortality rate in older patients was not significantly greater than in younger patients (5.4% vs. 2.8%, P = 0.057). By multivariate analysis, unsuccessful reperfusion independently predicted 30-day mortality (odds ratio, 4.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.79-9.12; P = 0.0008), whereas age ≥75 years (odds ratio, 1.00; 95% confidence interval, 0.41-2.41; P = 0.99) and door-to-balloon time >90 min (odds ratio, 1.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.76-4.20; P = 0.19) did not. Pre-existing comorbidities characterize older patients developing STEMI. Aggressive PCI in older patients improves prognosis, and short door-to-balloon time is an important parameter conditioning the prognosis. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Temporal Trends, Predictors, and Outcomes of In-Hospital Gastrointestinal Bleeding Associated With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Patel, Nileshkumar J; Pau, Dhaval; Nalluri, Nikhil; Bhatt, Parth; Thakkar, Badal; Kanotra, Ritesh; Agnihotri, Kanishk; Ainani, Nitesh; Patel, Nilay; Patel, Nish; Shah, Sapna; Kadavath, Sabeeda; Arora, Shilpkumar; Sheikh, Azfar; Badheka, Apurva O; Lafferty, James; Alfonso, Carlos; Cohen, Mauricio

    2016-10-15

    Since the introduction of new antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents in the last decade, large-scale data studying gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are lacking. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we identified all hospitalizations from 2006 to 2012 that required PCI. Temporal trends in the incidence and multivariate predictors of GIB associated with PCI were analyzed. A total of 4,376,950 patients underwent PCI in the United States during the study period. The incidence of GIB was 1.1%. Mortality rate in the GIB group was significantly higher (9.71% vs 1.1%, p <0.0001). Although the incidence of GIB remained stable during the study period (0.97% in 2006 to 1.19% in 2012), in-hospital mortality rate increased significantly from 7.9% in 2006 to 10.78% in 2012, with a peak of 12% in 2010. The GIB group had a longer median length of stay (5.80 vs 1.57 days) and an increased median cost of hospitalization ($26,564 vs $16,879). The predictors of GIB included cardiovascular co-morbidities such as acute myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock, atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, valvular heart diseases, and a history of transient ischemic attack/stroke. Gastrointestinal co-morbidities including diverticulosis, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, small intestine cancer, large intestine cancer, rectosigmoid cancer, gastrointestinal ulcer, and liver disease were predictors of GIB. Interestingly, a lower risk of GIB was associated with obese patients and patients with private insurance. A higher risk of GIB was noted in urgent versus elective admissions and weekend versus weekday admissions. In conclusion, the incidence of GIB in patients who underwent PCI remained stable from 2006 to 2012; however, the in-hospital mortality increased significantly. Identifying patients at higher risk for GIB is critically important to develop preventive strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality. Copyright

  20. Identification of Hospital Outliers in Bleeding Complications After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Hess, Connie N.; Rao, Sunil V.; McCoy, Lisa A.; Neely, Megan L.; Singh, Mandeep; Spertus, John A.; Krone, Ronald J.; Weaver, W. Douglas; Peterson, Eric D.

    2014-01-01

    Background Post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) bleeding complications are an important quality metric. We sought to characterize site-level variation in post-PCI bleeding and explore the influence of patient and procedural factors on hospital bleeding performance. Methods and Results Hospital-level bleeding performance was compared pre- and post-adjustment using the newly-revised CathPCI Registry® bleeding risk model (c-index 0.77) among 1,292 NCDR® hospitals performing >50 PCIs from 7/2009–9/2012 (n=1,984,998 procedures). Using random effects models, outlier sites were identified based on 95% confidence intervals around the hospital’s random intercept. Bleeding 72 hours post-PCI was defined as: arterial access site, retroperitoneal, gastrointestinal, or genitourinary bleeding; intracranial hemorrhage; cardiac tamponade; non-bypass surgery-related blood transfusion with pre-procedure hemoglobin ≥8 g/dl; or absolute decrease in hemoglobin value ≥3g/dl with pre-procedure hemoglobin ≤16 g/dl. Overall, the median unadjusted post-PCI bleeding rate was 5.2% and varied among hospitals from 2.6%–10.4% (5th, 95th percentiles). Center-level bleeding variation persisted after case-mix adjustment (2.8%–9.5%; 5th, 95th percentiles). While hospitals’ observed and risk-adjusted bleeding ranks were correlated (Spearman’s rho 0.88), individual rankings shifted after risk-adjustment (median Δ rank order ± 91.5; IQR 37.0, 185.5). Outlier classification changed post-adjustment for 29.3%, 16.1%, and 26.5% of low-, non-, and high-outlier sites, respectively. Hospital use of bleeding avoidance strategies (bivalirudin, radial access, or vascular closure device) was associated with risk-adjusted bleeding rates. Conclusions Despite adjustment for patient case-mix, there is wide variation in rates of hospital PCI-related bleeding in the United States. Opportunities may exist for best performers to share practices with other sites. PMID:25424242

  1. Comparison of long-term mortality of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome patients after percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Ren, Lihui; Ye, Huiming; Wang, Ping; Cui, Yuxia; Cao, Shichang; Lv, Shuzheng

    2014-01-01

    Background and aims: This study is to compare the short-term and long-term mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results: A total of 266 STEMI patients and 140 NSTE-ACS patients received PCI. Patients were followed up by telephone or at medical record or case statistics center and were followed up for 4 years. Descriptive statistics and multivariate survival analyses were employed to compare the mortality in STEMI and NSTE-ACS. All statistical analyses were performed by SPSS19.0 software package. NSTE-ACS patients had significantly higher clinical and angiographic risk profiles at baseline. During the 4-year follow-up, all-cause mortality in STEMI was significantly higher than that in NSTE-ACS after coronary stent placement (HR 1.496, 95% CI 1.019-2.197). In a landmark analysis no difference was seen in all-cause mortality for both STEMI and NSTE-ACS between 6 month and 4 years of follow-up (HR 1.173, 95% CI 0.758-1.813). Conclusions: Patients with STEMI have a worse long-term prognosis compared to patients with NSTE-ACS after PCI, due to higher short-term mortality. However, NSTE-ACS patients have a worse long-term survival after 6 months. PMID:25664077

  2. Effect of various Danshen injections on patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention: A protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Zehao; Wang, Yuanping; Liao, Weilin; Li, Huimin; Wang, Dawei

    2018-06-01

    Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have a certain risk of vascular complications, including coronary restenosis and thrombosis. Many recent randomized controlled trials have reported that Danshen injection (DSI) combined with conventional Western medicine can significantly reduce the occurrence of major cardiovascular adverse events in patients with CHD after PCI. However, there are many types of DSIs, and no study has yet compared each type. Therefore, we propose a study protocol for the systematic evaluation of the efficacy of various DSIs in the treatment of CHD after PCI. We will search the following electronic databases for randomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of DSI in patients with CHD after PCI: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Ovid Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Chinese Biomedicine Literature Database. Each database will be searched from inception to April 2018. The entire process will include study selection, data extraction, risk of bias assessment, pairwise meta-analyses, and network meta-analyses. This proposed study will compare the efficacy of different DSIs in the treatment of patients with CHD after PCI. The outcomes will include major cardiovascular adverse events and left ventricular ejection fraction. This proposed systematic review will evaluate the different advantages of various types of DSIs in the treatment of patients with CHD after PCI. PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42018092705).

  3. High on-clopidogrel treatment platelet reactivity in Thai patients with chronic stable angina scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Phankingthongkum, Rewat; Panchavinnin, Pradit; Chinthammitr, Yingyong; Tresukosol, Damras; Chotinaiwattarakul, Chunhakasem; Tungsubutra, Wiwun; Wongpraparut, Nattawut; Kitrattana, Bussakorn; Leewanun, Piyachat

    2013-05-01

    To determine the prevalence, clinical profile, and risk factors of high on-clopidogrel treatment platelet reactivity in Thai patients with chronic stable angina scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention. The patients were prospectively recruited from the consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography and planned for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Ten ml of blood samples were cautiously drawn from the antecubital vein of the patients to determine the hemoglobin and platelet count. Platelet aggregation test was performed by light transmittance aggregometry using platelet-rich plasma. Platelets were stimulated with 5 microM adenosine diphosphate (ADP). Platelet aggregation was expressed as the maximal percent change in light transmittance from baseline. High on-clopidogrel treatment platelet reactivity was defined as post treatment maximal platelet aggregation > 46% with 5 micromol/l ADP used as agonist. The present study consecutively enrolled two hundred four patients diagnosed with chronic stable angina planned for PCI. Seventy-nine patients demonstrated the high on-clopidogrel treatment platelet reactivity (38.7%). Among these patients, 48% were men with a mean age of 66 years. Diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease were detected in 34.2%. Original clopidogrel (Plavix) was prescribed in 72% of the patients and 28% received generic clopidogrel (Apolets). The prevalence of high on-clopidogrel treatment platelet reactivity increased in the older patients, patients with CKD and patients receiving angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB). However from multivariate analysis, none of the risk factors, including age, BMl, diabetes mellitus, smoking, CKD, ARB use, and type of clopidogrel (Plavix versus Apolets) had a statistically significant association with the high on-clopidogrel treatment platelet reactivity. The prevalence of high on-clopidogrel treatment platelet reactivity in the present study was 38.7%. No significant association

  4. Results of the Croatian Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Network for patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Nikolić Heitzler, Vjeran; Babic, Zdravko; Milicic, Davor; Bergovec, Mijo; Raguz, Miroslav; Mirat, Jure; Strozzi, Maja; Plazonic, Zeljko; Giunio, Lovel; Steiner, Robert; Starcevic, Boris; Vukovic, Ivica

    2010-05-01

    The Republic of Croatia, with a gross domestic product per capita of US$11,554 in 2008, is an economically less-developed Western country. The goal of the present investigation was to prove that a well-organized primary percutaneous coronary intervention network in an economically less-developed country equalizes the prospects of all patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction at a level comparable to that of more economically developed countries. We prospectively investigated 1,190 patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary PCI in 8 centers across Croatia (677 nontransferred and 513 transferred). The postprocedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow, in-hospital mortality, and incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (ie, mortality, pectoral angina, restenosis, reinfarction, coronary artery bypass graft, and cerebrovascular accident rate) during 6 months of follow-up were compared between the nontransferred and transferred subgroups and in the subgroups of older patients, women, and those with cardiogenic shock. In all investigated patients, the average door-to-balloon time was 108 minutes, and the total ischemic time was 265 minutes. Postprocedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 flow was established in 87.1% of the patients, and the in-hospital mortality rate was 4.4%. No statistically significant difference was found in the results of treatment between the transferred and nontransferred patients overall or in the subgroups of patients >75 years, women, and those with cardiogenic shock. In conclusion, the Croatian Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Network has ensured treatment results of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction comparable to those of randomized studies and registries of more economically developed countries. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Safety of 6-month duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute coronary syndromes: Rationale and design of the Smart Angioplasty Research Team-safety of 6-month duration of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute coronary syndromes (SMART-DATE) prospective multicenter randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Lee, Joo Myung; Cho, Deok-Kyu; Hahn, Joo-Yong; Song, Young Bin; Park, Taek Kyu; Oh, Ju-Hyeon; Lee, Jin Bae; Doh, Joon-Hyung; Kim, Sang-Hyun; Yang, Jeong Hoon; Choi, Jin-Ho; Choi, Seung-Hyuck; Lee, Sang Hoon; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol

    2016-12-01

    Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is a fundamental treatment that optimizes clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention, especially in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Although current international guidelines recommend DAPT for at least 12 months after implantation of a drug-eluting stent in patients with ACS, these recommendations are not based on randomized controlled trials dedicated to ACS population. The SMART-DATE trial is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, and open-label study to demonstrate the noninferiority of 6-month DAPT compared with 12 months or longer DAPT in patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. A total of 2,700 patients will undergo prospective, random assignment to either of the DAPT duration groups. To minimize the bias from different stent devices, the type of stents will be randomly assigned (everolimus-eluting stents, zotarolimus-eluting stents, or biolimus A9-eluting stents). The primary end point is a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and cerebrovascular events at 18 months after the index procedure. The major secondary end points are definite/probable stent thrombosis defined by the Academic Research Consortium and bleeding defined by Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 2-5. The SMART-DATE randomized trial is the first study exploring the safety of 6-month DAPT compared with conventional 12-month or longer DAPT dedicated to patients with ACS after second-generation drug-eluting stent implantation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Comparison of Five-Year Outcome of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Triple-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease (from the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2).

    PubMed

    Shiomi, Hiroki; Morimoto, Takeshi; Furukawa, Yutaka; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Tazaki, Junichi; Sakata, Ryuzo; Okabayashi, Hitoshi; Hanyu, Michiya; Shimamoto, Mitsuomi; Nishiwaki, Noboru; Komiya, Tatsuhiko; Kimura, Takeshi

    2015-07-01

    Studies evaluating long-term (≥5 years) outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with triple-vessel coronary artery disease (TVD) are still limited. We identified 2,978 patients with TVD (PCI: n = 1,824, CABG: n = 1,154) of 15,939 patients with first coronary revascularization enrolled in the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2. The primary outcome measure in the present analysis was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke. Median follow-up duration for the surviving patients was 1,973 days (interquartile range 1,700 to 2,244). The cumulative 5-year incidence of death/MI/stroke was significantly higher in the PCI group than in the CABG group (28.2% vs 24.0%, log-rank p = 0.006). After adjusting for confounders, the excess risk of PCI relative to CABG for death/MI/stroke remained significant (hazard ratio [HR] 1.38, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13 to 1.68, p = 0.002). The excess risks of PCI relative to CABG for all-cause death, MI, and any coronary revascularization were also significant (HR 1.38, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.74, p = 0.006; HR 2.81, 95% CI 1.69 to 4.66, p <0.001; and HR 4.10, 95% CI 3.32 to 5.06, p <0.001, respectively). The risk for stroke was not significantly different between the PCI and CABG groups (HR 0.88, 95% CI 0.61 to 1.26, p = 0.48). There were no interactions for the primary outcome measure between the mode of revascularization (PCI or CABG) and the subgroup factors such as age, diabetes, and Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score. In conclusion, CABG compared with PCI was associated with better long-term outcome in patients with TVD. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Increased major bleeding complications related to triple antithrombotic therapy usage in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary artery stenting.

    PubMed

    Manzano-Fernández, Sergio; Pastor, Francisco J; Marín, Francisco; Cambronero, Francisco; Caro, Cesar; Pascual-Figal, Domingo A; Garrido, Iris P; Pinar, Eduardo; Valdés, Mariano; Lip, Gregory Y H

    2008-09-01

    The optimal antithrombotic therapy strategy for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation (PCI-S) is unknown. We assessed the safety of antithrombotic therapy strategies in AF patients with indication for oral anticoagulation (OAC) undergoing PCI-S. We studied consecutive AF patients with indication for OAC who underwent PCI-S. We compared patients that received triple antithrombotic therapy (TT) [aspirin, clopidogrel, and coumadin] against other regimes (non-TT) after PCI-S. The primary end point was defined as the occurrence of major bleeding complications that were termed as early major bleeding (EMB) [< or = 48 h] or late major bleeding (LMB) [> 48 h]. Clinical follow-up was performed, and complications were recorded. We studied 104 patients (mean age +/- SD, 72 +/- 8 years; 70% men); TT was used in 51 patients (49%). TT was associated with a higher incidence of LMB (21.6% vs non-TT, 3.8%; p = 0.006) but not of EMB (5.8% vs non-TT, 11.3%; p = 0.33). In multivariate analyses, glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor use (hazard ratio [HR], 13.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7 to 108.3; p = 0.014) and PCI-S of three vessels or left main artery disease (HR, 7.9; 95% CI, 1.6 to 39.2; p = 0.01) were independent predictors for EMB. TT use (HR, 7.1; 95% CI, 1.5 to 32.4; p = 0.012), the occurrence of EMB (HR, 6.7; 95% CI, 1.8 to 25.3; p = 0.005), and baseline anemia (HR, 3.8; 95% CI, 1.2 to 12.5; p = 0.027) were independent predictors for LMB. No differences in major cardiovascular events were observed in patients treated with TT vs non-TT (25.5% vs 21.0%; p = 0.53). A high rate of major bleeding is observed in AF patients with indication for OAC undergoing PCI-S who receive TT. GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use and multivessel/left main artery disease during PCI-S were independent predictors for EMB, while TT use, occurrence of EMB, and baseline anemia were independent predictors for LMB.

  8. Outcomes of Middle Eastern Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The Primary Analysis of the First Jordanian PCI Registry.

    PubMed

    Alhaddad, Imad A; Tabbalat, Ramzi; Khader, Yousef; Al-Mousa, Eyas; Izraiq, Mahmoud; Nammas, Assem; Jarrah, Mohammad; Saleh, Akram; Hammoudeh, Ayman

    2017-01-01

    This is a prospective multicenter registry designed to evaluate the incidence of adverse cardiovascular events in Middle Eastern patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). The registry was also designed to determine the predictors of poor outcomes in such patients. We enrolled 2426 consecutive patients who underwent PCI at 12 tertiary care centers in Jordan between January 2013 and February 2014. A case report form was used to record data prospectively at hospital admission, discharge, and 12 months of follow-up. Mean age was 56 ± 11 years, females comprised 21% of the study patients, 62% had hypertension, 53% were diabetics, and 57% were cigarette smokers. Most patients (77%) underwent PCI for acute coronary syndrome. In-hospital and 1-year mortality rates were 0.78% and 1.94%, respectively. Definite or probable stent thrombosis occurred in 9 patients (0.37%) during hospitalization and in 47 (1.94%) at 1 year. Rates of target vessel repeat PCI and coronary artery bypass graft surgery at 1 year were 3.4% and 0.6%, respectively. The multivariate analysis revealed that cardiogenic shock, congestive heart failure, ST-segment deviation, diabetes, and major bleeding were significantly associated with higher risk of 1-year mortality. In this first large Jordanian registry of Middle Eastern patients undergoing PCI, patients treated were relatively young age population with low in-hospital and 1-year adverse cardiovascular events. Certain clinical features were associated with worse outcomes and may warrant aggressive therapeutic strategies.

  9. Left anterior descending/right coronary artery as culprit arteries in acute myocardial infarction (n=2011) in changing physical environment, percutaneous coronary intervention data, 2000-2010.

    PubMed

    Stoupel, Eliyahu; Abramson, Evgeny; Israelevich, Peter

    2011-11-02

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the principal treatments of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), including acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This treatment largely expanded our knowledge on the pathophysiology of AMI and related coronary pathologies. Recent studies found a significant relationship of the timing of ACS with environmental physical activity: solar (SA), geomagnetic (GMA) and cosmic ray (CRA) activity. The aim of this study was to examine if the interrelationship of two principal culprit arteries, left anterior descending (LAD) and right coronary artery (RCA), are involved in the pathogenesis of AMI in different daily levels of GMA and CRA. Patients undergoing PCI for AMI on the day of symptoms of the disease (n=2011, 79.9% males) in the Rabin Medical Center in the years 2000-2010 were studied. The culprit arteries, LAD and RCA, correlated to AMI in zero and I0-IV0 of daily GMA and inversely to GMA related CRA (measured by neutron activity on the earth surface) and their ratio was compared. LAD (45.0%) and RCA (35.7%) were the main culprit arteries in AMI. LAD/RCA ratio increased inversely to GMA (zero=IV0, r=-0.94, p=0.017) and in correlation with daily neutron activity for LAD (r=0.97, p=0.03) and RCA (r=0.95, p=0.04). LAD/RCA ratio was 1 in IV0 of GMA (28% increase) and steadily increased to 1.62 (62% difference) at zero GMA (r=-0.94, p=0.0117), and increasing neutron activity was accompanied by increasing LAD involvement as a culprit artery in AMI. High daily neutron activity and low GMA are accompanied by increasing LAD as a culprit artery in AMI. The possible mechanisms of this finding are discussed.

  10. Referral to Cardiac Rehabilitation After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, and Valve Surgery: Data From the Clinical Outcomes Assessment Program.

    PubMed

    Beatty, Alexis L; Bradley, Steven M; Maynard, Charles; McCabe, James M

    2017-06-01

    Despite guideline recommendations that patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass surgery, or valve surgery be referred to cardiac rehabilitation, cardiac rehabilitation is underused. The objective of this study was to examine hospital-level variation in cardiac rehabilitation referral after PCI, coronary artery bypass surgery, and valve surgery. We analyzed data from the Clinical Outcomes Assessment Program, a registry of all nonfederal hospitals performing PCI and cardiac surgery in Washington State. We included eligible PCI, coronary artery bypass surgery, and valve surgery patients from 2010 to 2015. We analyzed PCI and cardiac surgery separately by performing multivariable hierarchical logistic regression for the outcome of cardiac rehabilitation referral at discharge, clustered by hospital. Patient-level covariates included age, sex, race/ethnicity, comorbidities, and procedure indication/status. Cardiac rehabilitation referral was reported in 48% (34 047/71 556) of PCI patients and 91% (21 831/23 972) of cardiac surgery patients. The hospital performing the procedure was a stronger predictor of referral than any individual patient characteristic for PCI (hospital referral range 3%-97%; median odds ratio, 5.94; 95% confidence interval, 4.10-9.49) and cardiac surgery (range 54%-100%; median odds ratio, 7.09; 95% confidence interval, 3.79-17.80). Hospitals having an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program explained only 10% of PCI variation and 0% of cardiac surgery variation. Cardiac rehabilitation referral at discharge was less prevalent after PCI than cardiac surgery. The strongest predictor of cardiac rehabilitation referral was the hospital performing the procedure. Efforts to improve cardiac rehabilitation referral should focus on increasing referral after PCI, especially in low referral hospitals. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  11. Clinical analysis of lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 in patients with in-stent restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Liu, Junfeng; Liu, Yunde; Jia, Kegang; Huo, Zhixiao; Huo, Qianyu; Liu, Zhili; Li, Yongshu; Han, Xuejing; Wang, Rong

    2018-04-01

    In-stent restenosis (ISR) is the most common complication associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Although some studies have reported an association between lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) and ISR, not enough clinical validation data are available to support this link. Here, we report our cross-sectional study aimed at exploring the feasibility of LOX-1 as a biomarker for the prognostic diagnosis of patients undergoing PCI.Three groups were included: ISR group, including 99 patients with ISR diagnosed with coronary arteriography (CAG) after PCI; lesion group, comprising 87 patients with coronary artery stenosis (<50%) diagnosed with CAG after PCI; and control group, consisting of 96 volunteers with no coronary artery disease. The levels of LOX-1 were measured in each patient by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and their general information as well as laboratory parameters were recorded and followed up during a period of 2 years.LOX-1 levels gradually increased after PCI along with the progression of the lesion in the 3 groups. The levels of LOX-1 were significantly higher in the ISR group than in the other 2 groups (P < .001). LOX-1 levels were correlated with the levels of uric acid (UA) (r = 0.289, P = .007), creatinine (CREA) (r = .316, P = .003), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (r = -0.271, P = .012), whereas no statistically significant correlation was detected with the Gensini score (r = 0.157, P = .141). The sensitivity and specificity of LOX-1 were 81.5% and 55.7%, respectively, with the most optimal threshold (5.04 μg/L). The area under curve (AUC) of the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve of LOX-1 was 0.720, and LOX-1 had the highest AUC compared with CREA, UA, and HDL-C, both individually and in combination.A high level of LOX-1 in the early period after PCI has a certain predictive power and diagnostic value for ISR. However

  12. APpropriAteness of percutaneous Coronary interventions in patients with ischaemic HEart disease in Italy: the APACHE pilot study

    PubMed Central

    Marino, Marcello; Crimi, Gabriele; Maiorana, Florinda; Rizzotti, Diego; Lettieri, Corrado; Bettari, Luca; Zuccari, Marco; Sganzerla, Paolo; Tresoldi, Simone; Adamo, Marianna; Ghiringhelli, Sergio; Sponzilli, Carlo; Pasquetto, Giampaolo; Pavei, Andrea; Pedon, Luigi; Bassan, Luciano; Bollati, Mario; Camisasca, Paola; Trabattoni, Daniela; Brancati, Marta; Poli, Arnaldo; Panciroli, Claudio; Lettino, Maddalena; Tarelli, Giuseppe; Tarantini, Giuseppe; De Luca, Leonardo; Varbella, Ferdinando; Musumeci, Giuseppe; De Servi, Stefano

    2017-01-01

    Objectives To first explore in Italy appropriateness of indication, adherence to guideline recommendations and mode of selection for coronary revascularisation. Design Retrospective, pilot study. Setting 22 percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-performing hospitals (20 patients per site), 13 (59%) with on-site cardiac surgery. Participants 440 patients who received PCI for stable coronary artery disease (CAD) or non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome were independently selected in a 4:1 ratio with half diabetics. Primary and secondary outcome measures Proportion of patients who received appropriate PCI using validated appropriate use scores (ie, AUS≥7). Also, in patients with stable CAD, we examined adherence to the following European Society of Cardiology recommendations: (A) per cent of patients with complex coronary anatomy treated after heart team discussion; (B) per cent of fractional flow reserve-guided PCI for borderline stenoses in patients without documented ischaemia; (C) per cent of patients receiving guideline-directed medical therapy at the time of PCI as well as use of provocative test of ischaemia according to pretest probability (PTP) of CAD. Results Of the 401 mappable PCIs (91%), 38.7% (95% CI 33.9 to 43.6) were classified as appropriate, 47.6% (95% CI 42.7 to 52.6) as uncertain and 13.7% (95% CI 10.5% to 17.5%) as inappropriate. Median PTP in patients with stable CAD without known coronary anatomy was 69% (78% intermediate PTP, 22% high PTP). Ischaemia testing use was similar (p=0.71) in patients with intermediate (n=140, 63%) and with high PTP (n=40, 66%). In patients with stable CAD (n=352) guideline adherence to the three recommendations explored was: (A) 11%; (B) 25%; (C) 23%. AUS was higher in patients evaluated by the heart team as compared with patients who were not (7 (6.8) vs 5 (4.7); p=0.001). Conclusions Use of heart team approaches and adherence to guideline recommendations on coronary revascularisation in a real-world setting

  13. Coronary physiological assessment combining fractional flow reserve and index of microcirculatory resistance in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention with grey zone fractional flow reserve.

    PubMed

    Niida, Takayuki; Murai, Tadashi; Yonetsu, Taishi; Kanaji, Yoshihisa; Usui, Eisuke; Matsuda, Junji; Hoshino, Masahiro; Araki, Makoto; Yamaguchi, Masao; Hada, Masahiro; Ichijyo, Sadamitsu; Hamaya, Rikuta; Kanno, Yoshinori; Isobe, Mitsuaki; Kakuta, Tsunekazu

    2018-03-08

    The aim of this study is to investigate the association between fractional flow reserve (FFR) values and change in coronary physiological indices after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Decision making for revascularization when FFR is 0.75-0.80 is controversial. A retrospective analysis was performed of 296 patients with stable angina pectoris who underwent physiological examinations before and after PCI. To investigate the differences of coronary flow improvement between territories with low-FFR (<0.75) and grey-zone FFR (0.75-0.80), serial changes in physiological indices including mean transit time (Tmn), coronary flow reserve (CFR), and index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) were compared between these two groups. Compared to low-FFR territories, grey-zone FFR territories showed significantly lower prevalence of Tmn shortening, CFR improvement, and decrease in IMR (Tmn shorting, 63.9% vs. 87.0%, P < .001; CFR improvement, 63.0% vs. 75.7%, P = .019; IMR decrease, 51.3% vs. 63.3%, P = .040) and lower extent of their absolute changes (Tmn shorting, 0.06 (-0.03 to 0.16) vs. 0.22 (0.07-0.45), P < .001; CFR improvement, 0.45 (-0.32 to 1.87) vs. 1.08 (0.02-2.44), P < .01; IMR decrease, 0.2 (-44.0 to 31.3) vs. 2.9 (-2.9 to 11.8), P = .022). Multivariate analysis showed that pre-PCI IMR predicted improved coronary flow profile in both groups, whereas pre-PCI FFR predicted increased coronary flow indices in low-FFR territories. Worsening of physiological indices after PCI was not uncommon in territories showing grey-zone FFR. Physiological assessment combining FFR and IMR may help identify patients who may benefit by PCI, particularly those in the grey zone. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Cerebrovascular accidents after percutaneous coronary interventions from 2002 to 2014: Incidence, outcomes, and associated variables.

    PubMed

    Didier, Romain; Gaglia, Michael A; Koifman, Edward; Kiramijyan, Sarkis; Negi, Smita I; Omar, Al Fazir; Gai, Jiaxing; Torguson, Rebecca; Pichard, Augusto D; Waksman, Ron

    2016-02-01

    Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and transient ischemic attack (TIA) related to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are relatively rare complications, but they are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Given the evolution of both CVA risk and PCI techniques over time, this study was conducted to evaluate trends in CVA and TIA associated with PCI and to identify variables associated with neurologic events. Consecutive patients undergoing PCI at the Washington Hospital Center between January 2002 and June 2015 were included. Prespecified data were prospectively collected, including baseline and procedural characteristics, in-hospital outcomes, and 1-year mortality. The subjects who had a CVA or TIA during or immediately after PCI were compared with those without procedure-associated CVA or TIA. Overall, 25,626 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 65.0 ± 12.4 years, 16,949 (65.2%) were male, and 7,436 (28.6%) were African American. From 2002 to 2015, 110 neurologic events post-PCI were diagnosed (0.43%); this included 86 CVAs (0.34%) and 24 TIAs (0.09%). The annual rate of postprocedural neurologic events was 0.42% ± 0.12%. There were significant changes in baseline risk factors over time, with increasing age, incidence of insulin-dependent diabetes, and chronic kidney disease. Patients with neurologic events were more often African American (43.6% vs 28.6%, P < .001) with prior history of CVA (24.5% vs 7.8%, P < .001), chronic renal insufficiency (26.6% vs 15.2%, P < .001), and insulin-dependent diabetes (19.1% vs 12.4%, P = .03). Acute myocardial infarction (56% vs 30.4%, P < .001) and cardiogenic shock (20.2% vs 3%, P < .001) were also more common among patients with neurologic events post-PCI. After multivariable adjustment, use of an intraaortic balloon pump was strongly associated with neurologic events (odds ratio [OR] 4.9, 95% CI 2.7-8.8, P < .001), as was prior CVA (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.4-4.4, P = .002) and African American race (OR

  15. Characteristics and risk factors of cerebrovascular accidents after percutaneous coronary interventions in patients with history of stroke.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hua; Feng, Li-qun; Bi, Qi; Wang, Yu-ping

    2010-06-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a well-established method for managing coronary diseases. However, the increasing use of PCI has led to an increased incidence of acute cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) related to PCI. In this study, we investigated the characteristics and risk factors of CVA after PCI in patients with known stroke history. Between January 1, 2005 and March 1, 2009, 621 patients with a history of stroke underwent a total of 665 PCI procedures and were included in this retrospective study. Demographic and clinical characteristics, previous medications, procedures, neurologic deficits, location of lesion and in-hospital clinical outcomes of patients who developed a CVA after the cardiac catheterization laboratory visit and before discharge were reviewed. Acute CVA was diagnosed in 53 (8.5%) patients during the operation or the perioperative period. Seventeen patients suffered from transient ischemic attack, thirty-four patients suffered from cerebral infarction and two patients suffered from cerebral hemorrhage. The risk factors for CVA after PCI in stroke patients were: admission with an acute coronary syndrome, use of an intra-aortic balloon pump, urgent or emergency procedures, diabetes mellitus, and poor left ventricular systolic function, arterial fibrillation, previous myocardial infarction, dyslipidemia, tobacco use, and no/irregular use of anti-platelet medications. The incidence of CVA during and after PCI in patients with history of stroke is much higher than that in patients without history of stroke. Patients with atrial fibrillation, previous myocardial infarction, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, tobacco use, and no or irregular use of anti-platelet medications were at higher risk for recurrent stroke. This study showed a strong association between acute coronary syndromes and in-hospital stroke after PCI.

  16. Determinants and Long-Term Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions vs. Surgery for Multivessel Disease According to Clinical Presentation.

    PubMed

    Hong, Sung-Jin; Kim, Byeong-Keuk; Shin, Sanghoon; Suh, Yongsung; Kim, Seunghwan; Ahn, Chul-Min; Kim, Jung-Sun; Ko, Young-Guk; Choi, Donghoon; Hong, Myeong-Ki; Jang, Yangsoo

    2018-03-23

    The long-term outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) vs. coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), particularly for patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), remains controversial.Methods and Results:We retrospectively analyzed 2,827 patients (stable coronary artery disease [SCAD], n=1,601; NSTE-ACS, n=1,226) who underwent either PCI (n=1,732) or CABG (n=1,095). The 8-year composite of cardiac death and myocardial infarction (MI) was compared between PCI and CABG before and after propensity matching. For patients with NSTE-ACS, PCI was performed more frequently for those with higher Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk score and 3-vessel disease, and PCI led to significantly higher 8-year composite of cardiac death and MI than CABG (14.1% vs. 5.9%, hazard ratio [HR]=2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.37-3.58, P=0.001). There was a significant interaction between clinical presentation and revascularization strategy (P-interaction=0.001). However, after matching, the benefit of CABG vs. PCI was attenuated in patients with NSTE-ACS, whereas it was pronounced in those with SCAD. Interactions between clinical presentation and revascularization strategy were not observed (P-interaction=0.574). Although the determinants of PCI vs. CABG in real-world clinical practice differ according to the clinical presentation, a significant interaction between clinical presentation and revascularization strategy was not noted for long-term outcomes. The revascularization strategy for patients with NSTE-ACS can be based on the criteria applied to patients with SCAD.

  17. Outcomes of nonemergent percutaneous coronary intervention with and without on-site surgical backup: a meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Singh, Param Puneet; Singh, Mukesh; Bedi, Updesh Singh; Adigopula, Sasikanth; Singh, Sarabjeet; Kodumuri, Vamsi; Molnar, Janos; Ahmed, Aziz; Arora, Rohit; Khosla, Sandeep

    2011-01-01

    Despite major advances in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) techniques, the current guidelines recommend against elective PCI at hospitals without on-site cardiac surgery backup. Nonetheless, an increasing number of hospitals without on-site cardiac surgery in the United States have developed programs for elective PCI. Studies evaluating outcome in this setting have yielded mixed results, leaving the question unanswered. Hence, a meta-analysis comparing outcomes of nonemergent PCI in hospitals with and without on-site surgical backup was performed. A systematic review of literature identified four studies involving 6817 patients. Three clinical end points were extracted from each study and included in-hospital death, myocardial infarction, and the need for emergency coronary artery bypass grafting. The studies were homogenous for each outcome studied. Therefore, the combined relative risks (RRs) across all the studies and the 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed using the Mantel-Haenszel fixed-effect model. A two-sided alpha error less than 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Compared with facilities with on-site surgical backup, the risk of in-hospital death (RR, 2.7; CI, 0.6-12.9; P = 0.18), nonfatal myocardial infarction (RR, 1.3; CI, 0.7- 2.2; P = 0.29), and need of emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (RR, 0.46; CI, 0.06- 3.1; P = 0.43) was similar in those lacking on-site surgical backup. The present meta-analysis suggests that there is no difference in the outcome with regard to risk of nonfatal myocardial infarction, need for emergency coronary artery bypass grafting, and the risk of death in patients undergoing elective PCI in hospitals with and without on-site cardiac surgery backup.

  18. Comparison of baseline characteristics and one-year outcomes between African-Americans and Caucasians undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Leborgne, Laurent; Cheneau, Edouard; Wolfram, Roswitha; Pinnow, Ellen E; Canos, Daniel A; Pichard, Augusto D; Suddath, William O; Satler, Lowell F; Lindsay, Joseph; Waksman, Ron

    2004-02-15

    The objectives of this study were to determine whether there are race-based differences in baseline characteristics and in short- or long-term outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). African-Americans have a higher incidence of coronary artery disease but are less likely to undergo coronary revascularization than Caucasians. Little is known about the profiles and outcomes of African-Americans who undergo PCI. Consecutive series of 1,268 African-Americans and 10,561 Caucasians with symptomatic coronary artery disease who underwent PCI between January 1994 and June 2001 were analyzed. Patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction were excluded. African-Americans were older, were more likely to be women, and had more co-morbid baseline conditions compared with Caucasians. Preprocedure lesion characteristics were similar with regard to vessel size, length, and complexity. The rate of clinical success did not differ between the groups. African-Americans experienced more in-hospital combined events of death and Q-wave myocardial infarction (p = 0.03). After propensity score adjustment, African-American race was not an independent predictor for in-hospital events. At 1 year, African-Americans had a slightly lower rate of target lesion revascularization and a 50% higher rate of death (9.8% vs. 6.4%, p <0.001), with a relative risk of 1.52 (95% confidence interval 1.22 to 1.89). In multivariate analysis, African-American race remained a significant predictor of increased 1-year mortality (hazard ratio 1.35, 95% confidence interval 1.06 to 1.71, p = 0.01). African-Americans undergoing angioplasty have more co-morbid baseline conditions than Caucasians. Despite similar clinical success, 1-year outcomes are impaired in African-Americans.

  19. Registration of angiographic image on real-time fluoroscopic image for image-guided percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Kim, Dongkue; Park, Sangsoo; Jeong, Myung Ho; Ryu, Jeha

    2018-02-01

    In percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), cardiologists must study two different X-ray image sources: a fluoroscopic image and an angiogram. Manipulating a guidewire while alternately monitoring the two separate images on separate screens requires a deep understanding of the anatomy of coronary vessels and substantial training. We propose 2D/2D spatiotemporal image registration of the two images in a single image in order to provide cardiologists with enhanced visual guidance in PCI. The proposed 2D/2D spatiotemporal registration method uses a cross-correlation of two ECG series in each image to temporally synchronize two separate images and register an angiographic image onto the fluoroscopic image. A guidewire centerline is then extracted from the fluoroscopic image in real time, and the alignment of the centerline with vessel outlines of the chosen angiographic image is optimized using the iterative closest point algorithm for spatial registration. A proof-of-concept evaluation with a phantom coronary vessel model with engineering students showed an error reduction rate greater than 74% on wrong insertion to nontarget branches compared to the non-registration method and more than 47% reduction in the task completion time in performing guidewire manipulation for very difficult tasks. Evaluation with a small number of experienced doctors shows a potentially significant reduction in both task completion time and error rate for difficult tasks. The total registration time with real procedure X-ray (angiographic and fluoroscopic) images takes [Formula: see text] 60 ms, which is within the fluoroscopic image acquisition rate of 15 Hz. By providing cardiologists with better visual guidance in PCI, the proposed spatiotemporal image registration method is shown to be useful in advancing the guidewire to the coronary vessel branches, especially those difficult to insert into.

  20. "Call 911" STEMI protocol to reduce delays in transfer of patients from non primary percutaneous coronary intervention referral Centers.

    PubMed

    Baruch, Terrence; Rock, Alisa; Koenig, William J; Rokos, Ivan; French, William J

    2010-09-01

    Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is the preferred method of reperfusion for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), if it can be performed in a timely manner by an experienced interventional cardiologist at a high volume STEMI Receiving Center. However, an estimated 50% of STEMI patients present to STEMI Referral Centers without PPCI capability. Transfer of STEMI patients for PPCI has been shown to improve outcomes as compared with fibrinolysis given at the presenting hospital. Nonetheless, transfer of STEMI patients for PPCI has not been used extensively in the United States and is associated with markedly prolonged transfer times. This study demonstrates that rapid transfer of STEMI patients from community hospitals without PPCI capability to a STEMI Receiving Center is both safe and feasible using a standardized protocol with an integrated transfer system.

  1. Serial assessment of the index of microcirculatory resistance during primary percutaneous coronary intervention comparing manual aspiration catheter thrombectomy with balloon angioplasty (IMPACT study): a randomised controlled pilot study.

    PubMed

    Hoole, Stephen P; Jaworski, Catherine; Brown, Adam J; McCormick, Liam M; Agrawal, Bobby; Clarke, Sarah C; West, Nick E J

    2015-01-01

    Utilising a novel study design, we evaluated serial measurements of the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to assess the impact of device therapy on microvascular function, and determine what proportion of microvascular injury is related to the PPCI procedure, and what is an inevitable consequence of STEMI. 41 patients undergoing PPCI for STEMI were randomised to balloon angioplasty (BA, n=20) or manual thrombectomy (MT, n=21) prior to stenting. Serial IMR measurements, corrected for collaterals, were recorded at baseline and at each stage of the procedure. Microvascular obstruction (MVO) and infarct size at 24 h and 3 months were measured by troponin and cardiac MRI (CMR). IMR did not change significantly following PPCI, but patients with lower IMR values (<32, n=30) at baseline had a significant increase in IMR following PPCI (baseline: 21.2±7.9 vs post-stent: 33.0±23.7, p=0.01) attributable to prestent IRA instrumentation (baseline: 21.7±8.0 vs post-BA or MT: 36.9±25.9, p=0.006). Post-stent IMR correlated with early MVO on CMR (p=0.01). There was no significant difference in post-stent IMR, presence of early MVO or final infarct size between patients with BA and patients treated with MT. Patients with STEMI and less microcirculatory dysfunction may be susceptible to acute iatrogenic microcirculatory injury from prestent coronary devices. MT did not appear to be superior to BA in maintaining microcirculatory integrity when the guide wire partially restores IRA flow during PPCI. ISRCTN31767278.

  2. Neuropsychological outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting: results from the Stent or Surgery (SoS) Trial.

    PubMed

    Währborg, Peter; Booth, Jean E; Clayton, Tim; Nugara, Fiona; Pepper, John; Weintraub, William S; Sigwart, Ulrich; Stables, Rod H

    2004-11-30

    Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) has been associated with a range of neurological and neuropsychological complications from stroke to cognitive problems such as memory and problem solving disturbance. However, little is known about the impact of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on neuropsychological outcome. In the Stent or Surgery Trial (SoS), 988 patients were randomized in equal proportions between PCI supported by stent implantation and CABG. As a substudy of this trial, we undertook an evaluation of neurological and neuropsychological outcomes after intervention. A clinical examination and neuropsychological assessment consisting of 5 tests (Digit Span Forwards and Backwards, Visual Reproduction, Bourdon, and Block Design) were performed at baseline and 6 and 12 months after the procedure. A total of 145 patients were included in the substudy analysis: 77 in the PCI group and 68 in the CABG group. One patient in the PCI arm had a stroke. There was no significant difference between treatment groups at 6 and 12 months for any of the 5 tests. The mean change from baseline was also similar in both groups. We were not able to demonstrate an important and significant difference in neuropsychological outcome in patients treated with different revascularization strategies. This important finding needs to be examined in further research.

  3. Effects of hydration combined with Shenfu injection on contrast-induced acute kidney injury in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Guo, Zhen; Niu, Dandan; Yu, Yaren; Zhen, Di; Li, Wenhua

    2017-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Shenfu injection (SFI) in the prevention of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A single-center prospective and randomized controlled trial was performed and 148 ACS patients undergoing PCI were divided randomly into control (n=74; receiving only 0.9% sodium chloride solution for routine hydration) and intervention (n=74; based upon routine hydration and receiving SFI) groups. Serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were evaluated at the start, and 1 and 2 days after PCI. Among the 148 patients, 14 (9.4%) experienced CI-AKI subsequent to the procedure. CI-AKI occurred in 2.7% of the SFI group and 16.2% of the control group (P<0.05). The incidence of CI-AKI was lower in the intervention group when compared with the control. No serious adverse effects were observed in all patients. No differences between the levels of Scr and estimated glomerular filtration rate in the two groups were identified. However, 12 h after PCI, the urinary NGAL level in the control group was significantly higher than that in the SFI group (P<0.05). Thus, hydration combined with SFI was identified to be more effective than hydration with sodium chloride in the prevention of CI-AKI in ACS patients undergoing PCI.

  4. Simplifying contrast-induced acute kidney injury prediction after primary percutaneous coronary intervention: the age, creatinine and ejection fraction score.

    PubMed

    Araujo, Gustavo N; Pivatto Junior, Fernando; Fuhr, Bruno; Cassol, Elvis P; Machado, Guilherme P; Valle, Felipe H; Bergoli, Luiz C; Wainstein, Rodrigo V; Polanczyk, Carisi A; Wainstein, Marco V

    2017-05-24

    Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a common event after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Presently, the main strategy to avoid CI-AKI lies in saline hydration, since to date none pharmacologic prophylaxis proved beneficial. Our aim was to determine if a low complexity mortality risk model is able to predict CI-AKI in patients undergoing PCI after ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We have included patients with STEMI submitted to primary PCI in a tertiary hospital. The definition of CI-AKI was a raise of 0.3 mg/dL or 50% in post procedure (24-72 h) serum creatinine compared to baseline. Age, glomerular filtration and ejection fraction were used to calculate ACEF-MDRD score. We have included 347 patients with mean age of 60 years. In univariate analysis, age, diabetes, previous ASA use, Killip 3 or 4 at admission, ACEF-MDRD and Mehran scores were predictors of CI-AKI. After multivariate adjustment, only ACEF-MDRD score and diabetes remained CI-AKI predictors. Areas under the ROC curve of ACEF-MDRD and Mehran scores were 0.733 (0.68-0.78) and 0.649 (0.59-0.70), respectively. When we compared both scores with DeLong test ACEF-MDRDs AUC was greater than Mehran's (P = 0.03). An ACEF-MDRD score of 2.33 or lower has a negative predictive value of 92.6% for development of CI-AKI. ACEF-MDRD score is a user-friendly tool that has an excellent CI-AKI predictive accuracy in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Moreover, a low ACEF-MDRD score has a very good negative predictive value for CI-AKI, which makes this complication unlikely in patients with an ACEF-MDRD score of <2.33.

  5. Extended Duration Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Ling, Hua; Andrews, Ebony; Ombengi, David; Li, Fang

    2018-06-01

    Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are at elevated risk of ischemic and bleeding events. However, the optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after PCI in patients with PAD remains unclear. A systematic literature search was performed through June 2017 using PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases with the following key terms: "dual antiplatelet therapy", "P2Y12 inhibitor", "myocardial infarction", "percutaneous coronary intervention", "stent", "peripheral arterial disease", and "ankle-brachial index". The analysis was restricted to randomized trials published in English in patients with PAD receiving extended DAPT (> 12-month) after PCI. Overall analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.3 with the Mantel-Haenszel method. Two randomized controlled trials involving 895 patients were included in this review. Compared to the placebo group, there was no statistical significance in the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients receiving extended DAPT (odds ratio (OR) 0.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.37 - 1.57; P = 0.46). The results were associated with substantial heterogeneity (I 2 = 71%, P = 0.07). Extended DAPT was not significantly associated with increased moderate/severe bleeding events (OR 1.63, 95% CI 0.84 - 3.18; P = 0.15; I 2 = 0%, P = 0.59). The extended DAPT was associated with 82% relative risk reduction in the events of definite/probably stent thrombosis. Among patients with PAD, extended DAPT after PCI resulted in a non-significant difference in ischemic and bleeding events compared to placebo, respectively. The routine use of extended DAPT in this cohort should be carefully evaluated.

  6. Contemporary use and effectiveness of N-acetylcysteine in preventing contrast-induced nephropathy among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Gurm, Hitinder S; Smith, Dean E; Berwanger, Otavio; Share, David; Schreiber, Theodore; Moscucci, Mauro; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the use of and outcomes associated with use of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in real-world practice. The role of NAC in the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is controversial, leading to widely varying recommendations for its use. Use of NAC was assessed in consecutive patients undergoing nonemergent percutaneous coronary intervention from 2006 to 2009 in the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium, a large multicenter quality improvement collaborative. We examined the overall prevalence of NAC use in these patients and then used propensity matching to link its use with clinical outcomes, including CIN, nephropathy-requiring dialysis, and death. Of the 90,578 percutaneous coronary interventions performed during the study period, NAC was used in 10,574 (11.6%) procedures, with its use steadily increasing over the study period. Patients treated with NAC were slightly older and more likely to have baseline renal insufficiency and other comorbidities. In propensity-matched, risk-adjusted models, we found no differences in outcomes between patients treated with NAC and those not receiving NAC for CIN (5.5% vs. 5.5%, p = 0.99), nephropathy-requiring dialysis (0.6% vs. 0.6%, p = 0.69), or death (0.6% vs. 0.8%, p = 0.15). These findings were consistent across many prespecified subgroups. Use of NAC is common and has steadily increased over the study period but does not seem to be associated with improved clinical outcomes in real-world practice. Copyright © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. The New York State risk score for predicting in-hospital/30-day mortality following percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Hannan, Edward L; Farrell, Louise Szypulski; Walford, Gary; Jacobs, Alice K; Berger, Peter B; Holmes, David R; Stamato, Nicholas J; Sharma, Samin; King, Spencer B

    2013-06-01

    This study sought to develop a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) risk score for in-hospital/30-day mortality. Risk scores are simplified linear scores that provide clinicians with quick estimates of patients' short-term mortality rates for informed consent and to determine the appropriate intervention. Earlier PCI risk scores were based on in-hospital mortality. However, for PCI, a substantial percentage of patients die within 30 days of the procedure after discharge. New York's Percutaneous Coronary Interventions Reporting System was used to develop an in-hospital/30-day logistic regression model for patients undergoing PCI in 2010, and this model was converted into a simple linear risk score that estimates mortality rates. The score was validated by applying it to 2009 New York PCI data. Subsequent analyses evaluated the ability of the score to predict complications and length of stay. A total of 54,223 patients were used to develop the risk score. There are 11 risk factors that make up the score, with risk factor scores ranging from 1 to 9, and the highest total score is 34. The score was validated based on patients undergoing PCI in the previous year, and accurately predicted mortality for all patients as well as patients who recently suffered a myocardial infarction (MI). The PCI risk score developed here enables clinicians to estimate in-hospital/30-day mortality very quickly and quite accurately. It accurately predicts mortality for patients undergoing PCI in the previous year and for MI patients, and is also moderately related to perioperative complications and length of stay. Copyright © 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. The Effect of High Dose Cilostazol and Rosuvastatin on Periprocedural Myocardial Injury in Patients with Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    H, Ari; N, Emlek; S, Ari; S, Coşar; K, Doğanay; C, Aydin; E, Tenekecioğlu; A, Tütüncü; O C, Yontar; M, Gürdoğan; T, Bozat; M, Melek

    2015-07-01

    The aim of our study was to assess the effect of pretreatment with cilostazol and rosuvastatin combination before elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on peri-procedural myocardial injury (PPMIJ). We randomly assigned 172 patients with stable angina pectoris scheduled for elective PCI to pre- treatment with Cilostazol 200mg and Rosuvastatin 40 mg (group 1), or to pretreatment with Rosuvastatin 40 mg group (group 2). The primary end-point was the occurrence of PPMIJ defined as any cardiac troponin I (Tn I) level elevated above the upper normal limit (UNL). The occurrence of peri-procedural myocardial infarction (PPMIN) was defined as a post-procedural increase in cTnI level ≥ 5 times above the UNL. There was no significant difference in baseline characteristics between group 1 (n = 86) and group 2 (n = 86). The rate of PPMIJ (21% vs. 24%, p = 0.58) and PPMIN (2.3% vs. 7%, p = 0.27) were similar between the two study groups. Subgroup analysis performed on those patients without statin therapy before PCI (53 patients in group 1 and 50 patients in group 2) showed that the incidence of PPMIJ was significantly lower in the group 1 patients without chronic statin treatment [17% (9/53) versus 34% (17/50); p = 0.04], but the rate of PPMIN was similar between the two groups for those patients without chronic statin treatment [1.9% (1/53) versus 10% (5/50); p = 0.07]. We found that adjunct cilostazol and rosuvastatin pre-treatment did not significantly reduce PPMIJ after elective PCI in patients with stable angina pectoris. However, adjunct cilostazol pre-treatment could reduce PPMIJ in patients without chronic statin therapy before elective PCI. Cilostazol; Myocardial injury; Percutaneous coronary intervention; Statin.

  9. Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of Orbital and Rotational Atherectomy in Calcified Narrowings in Patients Who Underwent Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Koifman, Edward; Garcia-Garcia, Hector M; Kuku, Kayode O; Kajita, Alexandre H; Buchanan, Kyle D; Steinvil, Arie; Rogers, Toby; Bernardo, Nelson L; Lager, Robert; Gallino, Robert A; Ben-Dor, Itsik; Pichard, Augusto D; Torguson, Rebecca; Gai, Jiaxiang; Satler, Lowell F; Waksman, Ron

    2018-04-15

    We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of rotational atherectomy (RA) and orbital atherectomy (OA) during percutaneous coronary intervention in an all-comer population with severely calcified lesions. We included all patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with OA or RA in our institution from October 2013 until October 2016. Comparison of baseline and procedural characteristics, along with acute complication rates and postprocedural cardiac enzyme elevation, was performed. There were 191 RA and 57 OA patients. Other than creatinine clearance, which was lower in patients with OA (p = 0.01), there were no differences in baseline characteristics. OA was more frequent in left anterior descending artery lesions (p = 0.02), whereas RA was more common in right coronary artery lesions (p = 0.01). Intracoronary imaging rates were above 60% in both groups. There was a higher rate of coronary dissections with OA compared with RA (p = 0.003), but there was no difference in periprocedural events. Maximal troponin levels were similar in both groups. Residual stenosis measured by intravascular ultrasound in 29 patients revealed no significant differences between OA and RA (p = 0.58). In conclusion, RA and OA have similar safety and efficacy profiles in treating patients with calcified coronary lesions, and intracoronary imaging is highly beneficial in identifying coronary injury after atherectomy procedures. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Mortality after percutaneous coronary revascularization: Prior cardiovascular risk factor control and improved outcomes in patients with diabetes mellitus.

    PubMed

    Noman, Awsan; Balasubramaniam, Karthik; Alhous, M Hafez A; Lee, Kelvin; Jesudason, Peter; Rashid, Muhammad; Mamas, Mamas A; Zaman, Azfar G

    2017-06-01

    To assess the mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) according to their insulin requirement and PCI setting (elective, urgent, and emergency). DM is a major risk factor to develop coronary artery disease (CAD). It is unclear if meticulous glycemic control and aggressive risk factor management in patients with DM has improved outcomes following PCI. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on 9,224 patients treated with PCI at a regional tertiary center between 2008 and 2011. About 7,652 patients were nondiabetics (non-DM), 1,116 had non-insulin treated diabetes mellitus (NITDM) and 456 had ITDM. Multi-vessel coronary artery disease, renal impairment and non-coronary vascular disease were more prevalent in DM patients. Overall 30-day mortality rate was 2.4%. In a logistic regression model, the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals [CI]) for 30-day mortality were 1.28 (0.81-2.03, P = 0.34) in NITDM and 2.82 (1.61-4.94, P < 0.001) in ITDM compared with non-DM. During a median follow-up period of 641 days, longer-term post-30 day mortality rate was 5.3%. In the Cox's proportional hazard model, the hazard ratios (95% CI) for longer-term mortality were 1.15 (0.88-1.49, P = 0.31) in NITDM and 1.88 (1.38-2.55, P < 0.001) in ITDM compared with non-DM group. Similar result was observed in all three different PCI settings. In the modern era of aggressive cardiovascular risk factor control in diabetes, this study reveals higher mortality only in insulin-treated diabetic patients following PCI for stable coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndrome. Importantly, diabetic patients with good risk factor control and managed on diet or oral hypoglycemics have similar outcomes to the non-diabetic population. © 2016 The Authors Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 The Authors Catheterization and Cardiovascular

  11. Health-related quality of life of coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous transluminal coronary artery angioplasty patients: 1-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Kattainen, Eija; Sintonen, Harri; Kettunen, Raimo; Meriläinen, Pirkko

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the study was to compare the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) before the interventions and 6 and 12 months afterward, and to compare their HRQoL also with that of the general population. The sample (n = 615) consisted of consecutive coronary artery disease patients treated with elective CABG (n=432) or PTCA (n=183). The baseline data before the treatments were collected by structured interview, the follow-up data mainly by mailed self-administered questionnaires. HRQoL was measured by the 15D. For comparisons, the groups were standardized for differences in socioeconomic and clinical characteristics with a regression analysis. At baseline, the average 15D scores of the patient groups were 0.752 (95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.743-0.761) in CABG and 0.730 (95 percent CI, 0.716-0.744) in PTCA. After standardization, the difference between the groups was statistically significant but not clinically important. These scores were significantly worse (statistically and clinically) than the score of 0.883 (95 percent CI, 0.871-0.879) in the general population sample matched with the gender and age distribution of the patients. By 6 months, the CABG and PTCA patients had experienced a statistically significant and clinically important improvement to 0.858 (95 percent CI, 0.844-0.872) and 0.824 (95 percent CI, 0.806-0.842), respectively. No significant change took place in either group from 6 to 12 months. Both CABG and PTCA produces an approximately similar, clinically important improvement in HRQoL in 1-year follow-up.

  12. Lack of association between lipoprotein(a) genetic variants and subsequent cardiovascular events in Chinese Han patients with coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhi-Gen; Li, Guang; Zhou, Ying-Ling; Chen, Zhu-Jun; Yang, Jun-Qing; Zhang, Ying; Sun, Shuo; Zhong, Shi-Long

    2013-08-27

    Elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels predict cardiovascular events incidence in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Genetic variants in the rs3798220, rs10455872 and rs6415084 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Lp(a) gene (LPA) correlate with elevated Lp(a) levels, but whether these SNPs have prognostic value for CAD patients is unknown. The present study evaluated the association of LPA SNPs with incidence of subsequent cardiovascular events in CAD patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TaqMan SNP genotyping assays were performed to detect the rs6415084, rs3798220 and rs10455872 genotypes in 517 Chinese Han patients with CAD after PCI. We later assessed whether there was an association of these SNPs with incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE: cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke and coronary revascularization). Serum lipid profiles were also determined using biochemical methods. Only the rs6415084 variant allele was associated with higher Lp(a) levels [41.3 (20.8, 74.6) vs. 18.6 (10.3, 40.9) mg/dl, p < 0.001]. During a 2-year follow-up period, 102 patients suffered MACE, and Cox regression analysis demonstrated that elevated Lp(a) (≥30 mg/dl) levels correlated with increased MACE (adjusted HR, 1.69; 95% CI 1.13-2.53), but there was no association between LPA genetic variants (rs6415084 and rs3798220) and MACE incidence (p > 0.05). Our data did not support a relationship between genetic LPA variants (rs6415084 and rs3798220) and subsequent cardiovascular events after PCI in Chinese Han CAD patients.

  13. The Personality and Psychological Stress Predict Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Five Years

    PubMed Central

    Du, Jinling; Zhang, Danyang; Yin, Yue; Zhang, Xiaofei; Li, Jifu; Liu, Dexiang; Pan, Fang; Chen, Wenqiang

    2016-01-01

    Abstract To investigate the effects of personality type and psychological stress on the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) at 5 years in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Two hundred twenty patients with stable angina (SA) or non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) treated with PCI completed type A behavioral questionnaire, type D personality questionnaire, Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ), and Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) at 3 days after PCI operation. Meanwhile, biomedical markers (cTnI, CK-MB, LDH, LDH1) were assayed. MACEs were monitored over a 5-year follow-up. NSTE-ACS group had higher ratio of type A behavior, type A/D behavior, and higher single factor scores of type A personality and type D personality than control group and SAP group. NSTE-ACS patients had more anxiety, depression, lower level of mental health (P < 0.05; P < 0.01), more negative coping styles and less positive coping styles. The plasma levels of biomedical predictors had positive relation with anxiety, depression, and lower level of mental health. Type D patients were at a cumulative increased risk of adverse outcome compared with non-type D patients (P < 0.05). Patients treated with PCI were more likely to have type A and type D personality and this tendency was associated with myocardial injury. They also had obvious anxiety, depression emotion, and lower level of mental health, which were related to personality and coping style. Type D personality was an independent predictor of adverse events. PMID:27082597

  14. Outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting surgery in Chinese, South Asian and White patients with acute myocardial infarction: administrative data analysis.

    PubMed

    Gasevic, Danijela; Khan, Nadia A; Qian, Hong; Karim, Shahzad; Simkus, Gerald; Quan, Hude; Mackay, Martha H; O'Neill, Blair J; Ayyobi, Amir F

    2013-12-26

    Little is known on whether there are ethnic differences in outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We compared 30-day and long-term mortality, recurrent AMI, and congestive heart failure in South Asian, Chinese and White patients with AMI who underwent PCI and CABG. Hospital administrative data in British Columbia (BC), Canada were linked to the BC Cardiac Registry to identify all patients with AMI who underwent PCI (n = 4729) or CABG (n = 1687) (1999-2003). Ethnicity was determined from validated surname algorithms. Logistic regression for 30-day mortality and Cox proportional-hazards models were adjusted for age, sex, socio-economic status, severity of coronary disease, comorbid conditions, time from AMI to a revascularization procedure and distance to the nearest hospital. Following PCI, Chinese had higher short-term mortality (Odds Ratio (OR): 2.36, 95% CI: 1.12-5.00; p = 0.02), and South Asians had a higher risk for recurrent AMI (OR: 1.34, 95% CI: 1.08-1.67, p = 0.007) and heart failure (OR 1.81, 95% CI: 1.00-3.29, p = 0.05) compared to White patients. Risk of heart failure was higher in South Asian patients who underwent CABG compared to White patients (OR (95% CI) = 2.06 (0.92-4.61), p = 0.08). There were no significant differences in mortality following CABG between groups. Chinese and South Asian patients with AMI and PCI or CABG had worse outcomes compared to their White counterparts. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings and investigate potential underlying causes.

  15. Effect of Loading Dose of Atorvastatin Prior to Planned Percutaneous Coronary Intervention on Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Acute Coronary Syndrome: The SECURE-PCI Randomized Clinical Trial.

    PubMed

    Berwanger, Otavio; Santucci, Eliana Vieira; de Barros E Silva, Pedro Gabriel Melo; Jesuíno, Isabella de Andrade; Damiani, Lucas Petri; Barbosa, Lilian Mazza; Santos, Renato Hideo Nakagawa; Laranjeira, Ligia Nasi; Egydio, Flávia de Mattos; Borges de Oliveira, Juliana Aparecida; Dall Orto, Frederico Toledo Campo; Beraldo de Andrade, Pedro; Bienert, Igor Ribeiro de Castro; Bosso, Carlos Eduardo; Mangione, José Armando; Polanczyk, Carisi Anne; Sousa, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego; Kalil, Renato Abdala Karam; Santos, Luciano de Moura; Sposito, Andrei Carvalho; Rech, Rafael Luiz; Sousa, Antônio Carlos Sobral; Baldissera, Felipe; Nascimento, Bruno Ramos; Giraldez, Roberto Rocha Corrêa Veiga; Cavalcanti, Alexandre Biasi; Pereira, Sabrina Bernardez; Mattos, Luiz Alberto; Armaganijan, Luciana Vidal; Guimarães, Hélio Penna; Sousa, José Eduardo Moraes Rego; Alexander, John Hunter; Granger, Christopher Bull; Lopes, Renato Delascio

    2018-04-03

    The effects of loading doses of statins on clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management remain uncertain. To determine if periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin decrease 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ACS and planned invasive management. Multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial conducted at 53 sites in Brazil among 4191 patients with ACS evaluated with coronary angiography to proceed with a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) if anatomically feasible. Enrollment occurred between April 18, 2012, and October 6, 2017. Final follow-up for 30-day outcomes was on November 6, 2017. Patients were randomized to receive 2 loading doses of 80 mg of atorvastatin (n = 2087) or matching placebo (n = 2104) before and 24 hours after a planned PCI. All patients received 40 mg of atorvastatin for 30 days starting 24 hours after the second dose of study medication. The primary outcome was MACE, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unplanned coronary revascularization through 30 days. Among the 4191 patients (mean age, 61.8 [SD, 11.5] years; 1085 women [25.9%]) enrolled, 4163 (99.3%) completed 30-day follow-up. A total of 2710 (64.7%) underwent PCI, 333 (8%) underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 1144 (27.3%) had exclusively medical management. At 30 days, 130 patients in the atorvastatin group (6.2%) and 149 in the placebo group (7.1%) had a MACE (absolute difference, 0.85% [95% CI, -0.70% to 2.41%]; hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69-1.11; P = .27). No cases of hepatic failure were reported; 3 cases of rhabdomyolysis were reported in the placebo group (0.1%) and 0 in the atorvastatin group. Among patients with ACS and planned invasive management with PCI, periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin did not reduce the rate of MACE at 30 days. These findings do not support the routine use

  16. [Effect of percutaneous coronary intervention and 
medical therapy on quality of life and cognitive function in patients with coronary heart disease].

    PubMed

    Cao, Fen; Zhang, Baojian; Li, Xinyi; Duan, Shu

    2018-05-28

    To explore the effect and difference of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and medical therapy on quality of life and cognitive function in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), and to investigate the relationship between quality of life and cognitive function.
 Methods: A total of 320 patients with CHD, who underwent coronary angiography and PCI (PCI group, n=160), or underwent coronary angiography and medical therapy (drug therapy group, n=160), were selected. The quality of life was assessed by using the Health Survey Form SF-36 (SF-36) and the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ), and the cognitive function was assessed by using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). General data of patients were collected on the day of coronary angiography. Telephone follow-up was conducted in 1 month after treatment, and the outpatient review was carried out in 3 and 6 months after treatment.
 Results: A total of 309 valid questionnaires were collected. The scores of quality of life in the PCI group and the drug therapy group after treatment were both increased compared with those before treatment (both P<0.05). The SF-36 scores of four dimensions (role physical, bodily pain, vitality and mental health) in the PCI group were all significantly greater than those in the drug therapy group (all P<0.05). The SAQ scores of two dimensions (angina stability and angina frequency) were both higher in the PCI group than those in the drug therapy group in 6 months of post-operation (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cognitive function before and after the treatment in the 2 groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in cognitive function between the PCI group and the drug therapy group (P>0.05). In the PCI group, physical function, role physical, bodily pain, and role emotional were positively correlated with cognitive function (r=0.207, 0.182, 0.184, 0.176 respectively, all P<0.05). In the drug therapy group, there was no correlation between

  17. Manual Thrombus Aspiration and the Improved Survival of Patients With Unstable Angina Pectoris Treated With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (30 Months Follow-Up).

    PubMed

    Yildiz, Bekir S; Bilgin, Murat; Zungur, Mustafa; Alihanoglu, Yusuf I; Kilic, Ismail D; Buber, Ipek; Ergin, Ahmet; Kaftan, Havane A; Evrengul, Harun

    2016-02-01

    The clinical effect of intracoronary thrombus aspiration during percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with unstable angina pectoris is unknown. In this study, we aimed to assess how thrombus aspiration during percutaneous coronary intervention affects in-hospital and 30-month mortality and complications in patients with unstable angina pectoris.We undertook an observational cohort study of 645 consecutive unstable angina pectoris patients who had performed percutaneous coronary intervention from February 2011 to March 2013. Before intervention, 159 patients who had culprit lesion with thrombus were randomly assigned to group 1 (thrombus aspiration group) and group 2 (stand-alone percutaneous coronary intervention group). All patients were followed-up 30 months until August 2015.Thrombus aspiration was performed in 64 patients (46%) whose cardiac markers (ie, creatinine kinase [CK-MB] mass and troponin T) were significantly lower after percutaneous coronary intervention than in those of group 2 (CK-MB mass: 3.80 ± 1.11 vs 4.23 ± 0.89, P = 0.012; troponin T: 0.012 ± 0.014 vs 0.018 ± 0.008, P = 0.002). Left ventricular ejection fraction at 6, 12, and 24 months postintervention was significantly higher in the group 1. During a mean follow-up period of 28.87 ± 6.28 months, mortality rates were 6.3% in the group 1 versus 12.9% in the group 2. Thrombus aspiration was also associated with significantly less long-term mortality in unstable angina pectoris patients (adjusted HR: 4.61, 95% CI: 1.16-18.21, P = 0.029).Thrombus aspiration in the context of unstable angina pectoris is associated with a limited elevation in cardiac enzymes during intervention that minimises microembolization and significantly improves both of epicardial flow and myocardial perfusion, as shown by angiographic TIMI flow grade and frame count. Thrombus aspiration during percutaneous coronary intervention in unstable angina pectoris patients has better

  18. Incidence and multivariable correlates of long-term mortality in patients treated with surgical or percutaneous revascularization in the synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) trial.

    PubMed

    Farooq, Vasim; Serruys, Patrick W; Bourantas, Christos; Vranckx, Pascal; Diletti, Roberto; Garcia Garcia, Hector M; Holmes, David R; Kappetein, Arie-Pieter; Mack, Michael; Feldman, Ted; Morice, Marie Claude; Colombo, Antonio; Morel, Marie-angèle; de Vries, Ton; van Es, Gerrit Anne; Steyerberg, Ewout W; Dawkins, Keith D; Mohr, Friedrich W; James, Stefan; Ståhle, Elisabeth

    2012-12-01

    The aim of this investigation was to determine the incidence and multivariable correlates of long-term (4-year) mortality in patients treated with surgical or percutaneous revascularization in the synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with TAXUS Express and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial. A total of 1800 patients were randomized to undergo coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery (n = 897) or PCI (n = 903). Prospectively collected baseline and peri- and post-procedural data were used to determine independent correlates of 4-year all-cause death in the CABG and the PCI arms (Cox proportional hazards model). Four-year mortality rates in the CABG and the PCI arms were 9.0% [74 deaths (12 in-hospital)] and 11.8% [104 deaths (16 in-hospital)], respectively (log-rank P-value = 0.063). Censored data comprised 78 patients (8.7%) in the CABG arm, and 24 patients (2.7%) in the PCI arm (log-rank P-value < 0.001). Within the CABG arm, the strongest independent correlates of 4-year mortality were lack of discharge aspirin [hazard ratio (HR) 3.56; 95% CI: 2.04, 6.21; P < 0.001], peripheral vascular disease (PVD) (HR: 2.65; 95% CI: 1.49, 4.72; P = 0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, age, and serum creatinine. Within the PCI arm, the strongest independent correlate of 4-year mortality was lack of post-procedural anti-platelet therapy (HR: 152.16; 95% CI: 53.57, 432.22; P < 0.001), with 10 reported early (within 45 days) in-hospital deaths secondary to multifactorial causes precluding administration of anti-platelet therapy. Other independent correlates of mortality in the PCI arm included amiodarone therapy on discharge, pre-procedural poor left ventricular ejection fraction, a 'history of gastrointestinal bleeding or peptic ulcer disease', PVD (HR: 2.13; 95% CI: 1.26, 3.60; P = 0.005), age, female gender (HR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.01, 2.56; P = 0.048), and the SYNTAX score (Per increase in 10 points: HR: 1.25; 95% CI: 1.06, 1.47; P = 0.007). Independent

  19. Angina and associated healthcare costs following percutaneous coronary intervention: A real-world analysis from a multi-payer database.

    PubMed

    Ben-Yehuda, Ori; Kazi, Dhruv S; Bonafede, Machaon; Wade, Sally W; Machacz, Susanne F; Stephens, Leslie A; Hlatky, Mark A; Hernandez, John B

    2016-12-01

    To study the contemporary, real-world clinical and economic burden associated with angina after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Angina adversely affects quality of life and medical costs, yet data on real-world prevalence of angina following PCI and its associated economic consequences are limited. In a multi-payer administrative claims database, we identified adults with incident inpatient PCI admissions between 2008 and 2011 who had at least 12 months of continuous medical and pharmacy benefits before and after the procedure. Patients were followed for up to 36 months. Using claims, we ascertained post-PCI outcomes: angina or chest pain, acute myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, repeat PCI, healthcare service utilization, and costs. Among 51,710 study patients (mean age 61.8, 72% male), post-PCI angina or chest pain was present in 28% by 12 months and 40% by 36 months. Compared with patients who did not experience chest pain, angina or ACS, total healthcare costs in the first year after the index PCI were 1.8 times greater for patients with angina or chest pain ($32,437 vs. $17,913, P < 0.001). These cost differentials continued to 36 months. Angina after PCI is a frequent and expensive outcome. Further research is needed to identify risk factors and potentially improve outcomes for post-PCI angina. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Significance of prior percutaneous revascularisation in patients with acute coronary syndromes: insights from the prospective PROSPECT registry.

    PubMed

    Iñiguez, Andrés; Brener, Sorin J; Jiménez, Victor A; Maehara, Akiko; Mintz, Gary S; Xu, Ke; Weisz, Giora; Lansky, Alexandra J; De Bruyne, Bernard; Serruys, Patrick W; Stone, Gregg W

    2016-04-20

    Prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is increasingly encountered in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients, with uncertain significance. We sought to evaluate the impact of prior PCI in ACS patients. Patients with ACS enrolled in the prospective PROSPECT registry underwent three-vessel intravascular ultrasound and virtual histology evaluation after successful PCI of the culprit lesion(s). We identified patients with prior PCI (>6 months before index ACS) and compared their outcomes to those without prior PCI. Time-to-event for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was estimated up to three years, and the independent association between prior PCI and MACE was evaluated in a multivariable model. Among 696 patients enrolled, 77 (11.1%) had prior PCI. They were older and more likely to have prior myocardial infarction, chronic kidney disease, and congestive heart failure. At three years, patients with prior PCI had significantly higher rates of cardiac death, rehospitalisation for worsening angina, and MACE (adjusted HR=1.73 [95% CI: 1.09, 2.75], p=0.02), independent of other comorbidities and intravascular ultrasound findings. Prior PCI was noted in over 10% of patients with ACS and was associated with higher mortality and morbidity, independent of other comorbidities. Prior PCI should be considered a high-risk feature when evaluating ACS patients.

  1. Use of the Impella 2.5 for prophylactic circulatory support during elective high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Alasnag, Mirvat A; Gardi, Delair O; Elder, Mahir; Kannam, Hari; Ali, Farhan; Petrina, Mircea; Kheterpal, Vipin; Hout, Mariah S; Schreiber, Theodore L

    2011-01-01

    Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) who are at high risk for cardiovascular collapse during the procedure may benefit from prophylactic circulatory support. The objective was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of prophylactic use of the Impella 2.5 during high-risk PCI. We used the Impella 2.5 for partial circulatory support during 60 consecutive elective high-risk PCI cases over 20 months. All patients either were deemed inoperable by the cardiac surgeons or were offered bypass surgery but declined. The patients had multiple risk factors including hypertension (95%), diabetes (52%), chronic pulmonary disease (23%), prior myocardial infarction (62%) and prior bypass surgery (18%). Forty-five percent presented with acute coronary syndrome. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 23%±15%. Nearly all patients had multivessel disease (93%), and 60% had left main disease. The average SYNTAX score was 30±9. Despite lesion complexity and high-risk factors, we achieved an angiographic success rate of 96%. Left main lesions were treated in 55% of the patients, and 83% of patients had multiple lesions treated. There was one procedural death. At 30 days postintervention, mortality was 5%, and rates of myocardial infarction, stroke, target vessel revascularization and urgent bypass surgery were 0%. The single-center experience reported here demonstrates that use of the Impella 2.5 during high-risk PCI in the "real world" - outside the controlled environment of a clinical trial - is safe and feasible. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Negative and positive affect are independently associated with patient-reported health status following percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Versteeg, Henneke; Pedersen, Susanne S; Erdman, Ruud A M; van Nierop, Josephine W I; de Jaegere, Peter; van Domburg, Ron T

    2009-10-01

    We examined the association between negative and positive affect and 12-month health status in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents. Consecutive PCI patients (n = 562) completed the Global Mood Scale at baseline to assess affect and the EuroQoL-5D (EQ-5D) at baseline and 12-month follow-up to assess health status. Negative affect [F(1, 522) = 17.14, P < .001] and positive affect [F(1, 522) = 5.11, P = .02] at baseline were independent associates of overall health status at 12-month follow-up, adjusting for demographic and clinical factors. Moreover, there was a significant interaction for negative by positive affect [F(1, 522) = 6.11, P = .01]. In domain-specific analyses, high negative affect was associated with problems in mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression with the risk being two to fivefold. Low positive affect was only associated with problems in self-care (OR: 8.14; 95% CI: 1.85-35.9; P = .006) and usual activities (OR: 1.87; 95% CI: 1.17-3.00; P = .009). Baseline negative and positive affect contribute independently to patient-reported health status 12 months post PCI. Positive affect moderated the detrimental effects of negative affect on overall health status. Enhancing positive affect might be an important target to improve patient-centered outcomes in coronary artery disease.

  3. Analysis of serial coronary artery flow patterns early after primary angioplasty: new insights into the dynamics of the microcirculation.

    PubMed

    Sharif, Dawod; Rofe, Guy; Sharif-Rasslan, Amal; Goldhammer, Ehud; Makhoul, Nabeel; Shefer, Arie; Hassan, Amin; Rauchfleisch, Shmuel; Rosenschein, Uri

    2008-06-01

    The temporal behavior of the coronary microcirculation in acute myocardial infarction may affect outcome. Diastolic deceleration time and early systolic flow reversal derived from coronary artery blood flow velocity patterns reflect microcirculatory function. To assess left anterior descending coronary artery flow velocity patterns using Doppler transthoracic echocardiography after primary percutaneous coronary intervention, in patients with anterior AMI. Patterns of flow velocity patterns of the LAD were obtained using transthoracic echocardiography-Doppler in 31 consecutive patients who presented with anterior AMI. Measurements were done at 6 hours, 36-48 hours, and 5 days after successful PPCI. Measurements of DDT and pressure half times (Pt%), as well as observation for ESFR were performed. In the first 2 days following PPCI, the average DDT (600 +/- 340 msec) was shorter than on day 5 (807 +/- 332 msec) (P < 0.012), FVP in the first 2 days were dynamic and bidirectional: from short DDT (< 600 msec) to long DDT (> 600 msec) and vice versa. On day 5 most DDTs became longer. Pt1/2 at 6 hours was not different than at day 2 (174 +/- 96 vs. 193 +/- 99 msec, P = NS) and became longer on day 5 (235 +/- 98 msec, P = 0.012). Bidirectional patterns were also observed in the ESFR in 6 patients (19%) at baseline, in 4 (13%) at 36 hours, and in 2 (6.5%) on day 5 after PPCI. Flow velocity patterns of the LAD after PPCI in AMI are dynamic and reflect unpredictable changes in microcirculation.

  4. Comparison of no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction between smokers and nonsmokers.

    PubMed

    Shemirani, Hassan; Tafti, Faezeh Dehghani; Amirpour, Afshin

    2014-11-01

    No-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is relatively common and has therapeutic and prognostic implications. Cigarette smoking is known as deleterious in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but the effect of smoking on no-reflow phenomenon is less investigated. The aim of this study was to compare no-reflow phenomenon after percutneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction, between smokers and non smokers. A total of 141 patients who were admitted to Chamran Hospital (Isfahan, Iran) between March and September, 2012 with a diagnosis of STEMI, enrolled into our Cohort study. Patients were divided into current smoker and nonsmoker groups (based on patient's information). All patients underwent primary PCI or rescue PCI within the first 12-h of chest pain. No-reflow phenomenon, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (MI) flow, and 24-h complications were assessed in both groups. A total of 47 current smoker cases (32.9%) and 94 (65.7%) nonsmoker cases were evaluated. Smokers in comparison to nonsmokers were younger (53.47 ± 10.59 vs. 61.46 ± 10.55, P < 0.001) and they were less likely to be hypertensive (15.2% vs. 44.7%, P < 0.001), diabetic (17% vs. 36.2%, P < 0.05), and female gender (4.3% vs. 25.5%, P < 0.01). Angiographic and procedural characteristics of both groups were similar. 9 patients died during the first 24-h after PCI (4.3% of smokers and 6.4% of nonsmokers, P: 0.72). No-reflow phenomenon was observed in 29.8% of current smokers and 31.5% of nonsmokers (P = 0.77). No-reflow phenomenon or short-term complications were not significantly different between current smokers and non smokers.

  5. Perceived Cognition after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Association with Quality of Life, Mood and Fatigue in the THORESCI Study.

    PubMed

    Duijndam, Stefanie; Denollet, Johan; Nyklíček, Ivan; Kupper, Nina

    2017-08-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a common invasive procedure for the treatment of coronary artery diseases. Long-term cognitive functioning after PCI and its association with health-related quality of life (HRQL) and psychological factors is relatively unknown. The aim of this study is to examine whether perceived cognitive functioning during the year after PCI is associated with HRQL over this time period, and whether mood, fatigue, and age are associated with changes in perceived cognition and HRQL. Patients undergoing PCI (n = 384, 79% male, mean age = 63, SD = 10) were recruited in the observational Tilburg Health Outcome Registry of Emotional Stress after Coronary Intervention (THORESCI) cohort study. Perceived concentration and attention problems, HRQL, mood, and fatigue were assessed at baseline, at 1-month and 12-month follow-up. General linear mixed modeling analysis showed that across time, between- and within-subject differences in perceived concentration problems were associated with a reduced HRQL in all domains independent of clinical and demographic covariates. Only a part of this association could be explained by negative mood, fatigue, and older age. Similar findings were found for between-subject differences in perceived attention problems. Between-subject differences and within-subject changes in perceived cognition in PCI patients were strongly associated with HRQL across time, such that poorer perceived cognition was associated with poorer HRQL, independent of demographic and clinical variables. Most of the associations were also independent of mood and fatigue. The results should increase the awareness of clinicians for the role of cognition in the cardiac rehabilitation and recovery post-PCI.

  6. Post-marketing surveillance in the published medical and grey literature for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty catheters: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Polisena, Julie; Forster, Alan J; Cimon, Karen; Rabb, Danielle

    2013-10-10

    Post-marketing surveillance (PMS) may identify rare serious incidents or adverse events due to the long-term use of a medical device, which was not captured in the pre-market process. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is a non-surgical procedure that uses a balloon-tipped catheter to enlarge a narrowed artery. In 2011, 1,942 adverse event reports related to the use of PTCA catheters were submitted to the FDA by the manufacturers, an increase from the 883 reported in 2008. The primary research objective is to conduct a systematic review of the published and grey literature published between 2007 and 2012 for the frequency of incidents, adverse events and malfunctions associated with the use of PTCA catheters in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Grey literature has not been commercially published. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and PubMed for medical literature on PMS for PTCA catheters in patients with CAD published between January 2007 and July 2012. We also searched the grey literature. This review included 11 studies. The in-hospital adverse events reported were individual cases of myocardial infarction and hematoma. In studies of patients with coronary perforation, more patients with balloon angioplasty were identified compared with patients who required stenting. Our systematic review illustrates that the volume and quality of PMS studies associated with the use of PTCA catheters in patients with CAD are low in the published and grey literature, and may not be useful sources of information for decisions on safety. In most studies, the objectives were not to monitor the long-term safety of the use of PTCA catheters in clinical practice. Future studies can explore the strengths and limitations of PMS databases administered by regulatory authorities.

  7. Impact of Proximal Cap Ambiguity on Outcomes of Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From a Multicenter US Registry.

    PubMed

    Karatasakis, Aris; Danek, Barbara A; Karmpaliotis, Dimitri; Alaswad, Khaldoon; Jaffer, Farouc A; Yeh, Robert W; Patel, Mitul P; Bahadorani, John N; Wyman, R Michael; Lombardi, William L; Grantham, J Aaron; Kandzari, David E; Lembo, Nicholas J; Doing, Anthony H; Moses, Jeffrey W; Kirtane, Ajay J; Garcia, Santiago; Parikh, Manish A; Ali, Ziad A; Karacsonyi, Judit; Kalra, Sanjog; Rangan, Bavana V; Kalsaria, Pratik; Thompson, Craig A; Banerjee, Subhash; Brilakis, Emmanouil S

    2016-10-01

    We sought to determine the impact of proximal cap ambiguity on procedural techniques and outcomes for coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We examined the clinical and angiographic characteristics and outcomes of 1021 CTO-PCIs performed between 2012 and 2015 at 11 United States centers. Proximal cap ambiguity was present in 31% of target lesions and was associated with increased clinical and angiographic complexity (prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery: 43% vs 33%; P=.01; moderate/severe calcification 66% vs 51%; P<.001) and lower technical success (85% vs 93%; P<.001) and procedural success (84% vs 91%; P=.01), but similar incidence of major adverse cardiac events (3.2% vs 2.9%; P=.77). A retrograde approach was more commonly utilized among cases with proximal cap ambiguity (68% vs 33%; P<.001), and was more likely to be the initial (39% vs 13%; P<.001) and successful approach (42% vs 20%; P<.001). Proximal cap ambiguity was associated with increased use of intravascular ultrasound (49% vs 36%; P=.01) and contrast (281 mL vs 250 mL; P<.001), higher air kerma radiation dose (4.0 Gy vs 3.0 Gy; P<.001), and longer procedure time (161 min vs 119 min; P<.001). Proximal cap ambiguity is present in one-third of CTO-PCI target lesions and is associated with lower success rates, higher utilization of the retrograde approach, and lower procedural efficiency, but no significant difference in the incidence of major adverse cardiac events.

  8. Magnetic navigation system and CT roadmap-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention: a comparison to the conventional approach.

    PubMed

    Hao, Ruina; Zhang, Qiu; Xu, Zhuowen; Tang, Lijun; Yang, Zhijian; Cao, Kejiang; Li, Chunjian

    2013-04-01

    Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) has been successfully integrated with the magnetic navigation system (MNS) to facilitate a roadmap-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to compare this new approach of PCI versus conventional PCI regarding the difference of contrast usage, x-ray exposure, procedure success, and in-hospital expenses. Thirty-eight patients with stable coronary artery disease and coronary artery lesions of ≥70% diameter stenosis diagnosed by both pre-procedure CTCA and coronary angiography (CAG) were enrolled to receive the MNS and CT roadmap-assisted PCI. Another 38 patients were consecutively recruited to receive conventional PCI, matched with the MNS group by the vessel and lesion type base on American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association criteria. Regarding the process of the guidewire placement, wherein the technical difference of the two procedures exists, the median contrast usage for guidewire crossing was significantly lower in the MNS group than in the conventional group [0.0 mL (interquartile range [IQR], 0.0-3.0 mL) vs 5.0 mL (IQR, 3.1-6.8 mL); P<.001], with zero contrast usage in 25 of the 44 guidewire placements in the MNS group, but in none of the conventional group; the radiation dosage for guidewire crossing in the MNS group was also significantly lower than in the conventional group (235.8 μGym² [IQR, 134.9-455.1 μGym²] vs 364.4 μGym² [IQR, 223.4-547.2 μGym²]; P=.033). There were no significant differences between the two groups concerning the total contrast usage, total radiation dosage of the PCI, the procedural fees, or the overall in-hospital expenses. All of the enrolled vessels were successfully intervened in both groups. In PCI of simple lesions, the application of CT guidance and magnetic navigation had modest impacts on radiation dosage and contrast usage for wire crossing, but no impact on overall radiation dosage or contrast usage for the procedure

  9. Heart rate at discharge and long-term prognosis following percutaneous coronary intervention in stable and acute coronary syndromes--results from the BASKET PROVE trial.

    PubMed

    Jensen, Magnus Thorsten; Kaiser, Christoph; Sandsten, Karl Erik; Alber, Hannes; Wanitschek, Maria; Iversen, Allan; Jensen, Jan Skov; Pedersen, Sune; Soerensen, Rikke; Rickli, Hans; Zurek, Marzena; Fahrni, Gregor; Bertel, Osmund; De Servi, Stefano; Erne, Paul; Pfisterer, Matthias; Galatius, Søren

    2013-10-09

    Elevated heart rate (HR) is associated with mortality in a number of heart diseases. We examined the long-term prognostic significance of HR at discharge in a contemporary population of patients with stable angina (SAP), non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS), and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) revascularized with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients from the BASKET-PROVE trial, an 11-center randomized all-comers trial comparing bare-metal and drug-eluting stenting in large coronary vessels, were included. Discharge HR was determined from a resting ECG. Long-term outcomes (7 days to 2 years) were evaluated for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular death and non-fatal myocardial infarction. A total of 2029 patients with sinus rhythm were included, 722 (35.6%) SAP, 647 (31.9%) NSTE-ACS, and 660 (32.5%) STEMI. Elevated discharge HR was associated significantly with all-cause mortality: when compared to a reference of <60 beats per minute (bpm), the adjusted hazard ratios were (95% CI) 4.5 (1.5-13.5, p=0.006) for 60-69 bpm, 3.8 (1.2-11.9, p=0.022) for 70-79 bpm, 4.3 (1.2-15.6, p=0.025) for 80-89 bpm, and 16.9 (5.2-55.0, p<0.001) for >90 bpm. For cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction, a discharge HR >90 bpm was associated with a hazard ratio of 6.2 (2.5-15.5, p<0.001) compared to a HR <60 bpm. No interaction was found for disease presentation, diabetes or betablocker use. In patients revascularized with PCI for stable angina or acute coronary syndromes an elevated discharge HR was independently associated with poor prognosis. Conversely, a HR <60 bpm at discharge was associated with a good long-term prognosis irrespective of indication for PCI. © 2013.

  10. Low-dose vs standard-dose unfractionated heparin for percutaneous coronary intervention in acute coronary syndromes treated with fondaparinux: the FUTURA/OASIS-8 randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Jolly, Sanjit S; Mehta, Shamir R; Afzal, Rizwan; Xavier, Denis; Rupprecht, Hans-Jurgen; López-Sendón, Jose L; Budaj, Andrzej; Diaz, Rafael; Avezum, Alvaro; Widimsky, Petr; Rao, Sunil V; Chrolavicius, Susan; Meeks, Brandi; Joyner, Campbell; Pogue, Janice; Yusuf, Salim

    2010-09-22

    The optimal unfractionated heparin regimen for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes treated with fondaparinux is uncertain. To compare the safety of 2 unfractionated heparin regimens during PCI in high-risk patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes initially treated with fondaparinux. Double-blind randomized parallel-group trial in 179 hospitals in 18 countries involving 2026 patients undergoing PCI within 72 hours, nested within a cohort of 3235 high-risk patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes initially treated with fondaparinux enrolled from February 2009 to March 2010. Patients received intravenously either low-dose unfractionated heparin, 50 U/kg, regardless of use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GpIIb-IIIa) inhibitors or standard-dose unfractionated heparin, 85 U/kg (60 U/kg with GpIIb-IIIa inhibitors), adjusted by blinded activated clotting time (ACT). Composite of major bleeding, minor bleeding, or major vascular access-site complications up to 48 hours after PCI. Key secondary outcomes include composite of major bleeding at 48 hours with death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization within day 30. The primary outcome occurred in 4.7% of those in the low-dose group vs 5.8% in the standard-dose group (odds ratio [OR], 0.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54-1.19; P = .27). The rates of major bleeding were not different but the rates of minor bleeding were lower with 0.7% in the low-dose group vs 1.7% in the standard-dose group (OR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.16-0.97; P = .04). For the key secondary outcome, the rates for low-dose group were 5.8% vs 3.9% in the standard-dose group (OR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.00-2.28; P = .05) and for death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization it was 4.5% for the low-dose group vs 2.9% for the standard-dose group (OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 0.98-2.53; P = .06). Catheter thrombus rates were very low (0

  11. Evaluation of clinical outcomes in patients undergoing dual vessel percutaneous coronary intervention using sirolimus-eluting coronary stent system in India.

    PubMed

    Chandwani, Prakash; Prajapati, Jayesh; Porwal, Sanjay; Khambhati, Bhavesh; Thakkar, Ashok

    2015-02-01

    Coronary artery disease is the most common catastrophic disease in India. The safety and effectiveness of dual vessel sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation (used as an intervention in CAD) is currently unknown in Indian population. The purpose of this study was to investigate one year clinical outcomes of patients with dual vessel coronary artery disease after implantation of the Supralimus-Core SES, in a "real-world" setting. We evaluated 60 patients between April-2011 and August-2012, who underwent dual vessel percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the Supralimus-Core SES implantation at the same index procedure. Dual vessels were defined as involvement of two major epicardial vessels (right, left anterior descending, circumflex, or left main coronary arteries) or one major epicardial vessel and a branch (≥2.5 mm in diameter) originating from another major epicardial vessel. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF) defined as the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically-driven target lesion revascularization (TLR) at one year. Secondary endpoint included combined (definite, probable and possible) stent thrombosis (ST). A total of 120 lesions were treated in 60 enrolled patients (mean age 56.0±9.2 y; 80.0% male) with average stent length of 23.1±8.5 mm. Among 60 patients, diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia were present in 15 (25.0%), 22 (36.7%) and 25 (41.7%) patients respectively. Indications for PCI were unstable angina in 30 (50.0%) patients and stable angina in 11 (18.3%) patients. Overall, 40 (33.3%) lesions were classified as complex (American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association type B2/C). The cumulative TLF rate was 5.0% (n=3) at one year. Cardiac death, MI and clinically-driven TLR occurred in 1 (1.7%), 0 (0%) and 2 (3.3%) patients, respectively at one year follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier curve of the freedom from overall events at one year was 95.0%. According to the Academic

  12. Fondaparinux with UnfracTionated heparin dUring Revascularization in Acute coronary syndromes (FUTURA/OASIS 8): a randomized trial of intravenous unfractionated heparin during percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes initially treated with fondaparinux.

    PubMed

    Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Mehta, Shamir; Jolly, Sanjit; Xavier, Denis; Rupprecht, Hans-Juergen; Lopez-Sendon, Jose Luis; Chrolavicius, Susan; Rao, Sunil V; Granger, Christopher B; Pogue, Janice; Laing, Shiona; Yusuf, Salim

    2010-12-01

    There is uncertainty regarding the optimal adjunctive unfractionated heparin (UFH) regimen for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) treated with fondaparinux. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety of 2 dose regimens of adjunctive intravenous UFH during PCI in high-risk patients with NSTE-ACS initially treated with fondaparinux and referred for early coronary angiography. This is an international prospective cohort study of approximately 4,000 high-risk patients presenting to hospital with unstable angina or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, treated with fondaparinux as initial medical therapy, and referred for early coronary angiography with a view to revascularization. Within this cohort, 2,000 patients undergoing PCI will be eligible for enrollment into a double-blind international randomized parallel-group trial evaluating standard activated clotting time (ACT)-guided doses of intravenous UFH versus a non-ACT-guided weight-adjusted low dose. The standard regimen uses an 85-U/kg bolus of UFH if there is no platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GpIIb-IIIa) inhibitor or 60 U/kg if GpIIb-IIIa inhibitor use is planned, with additional bolus guided by blinded ACT measurements. The low-dose regimen uses a 50 U/kg UFH bolus, irrespective of planned GpIIb-IIIa use. The primary outcome is the composite of peri-PCI major bleeding, minor bleeding, or major vascular access site complications. The assessment of net clinical benefit is a key secondary outcome: it addresses the composite of peri-PCI major bleeding with death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization at day 30. FUTURA/OASIS 8 will help define the optimal UFH regimen as adjunct to PCI in high-risk NSTE-ACS patients treated with fondaparinux. Copyright © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Emergency Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Post-Cardiac Arrest Patients Without ST-Segment Elevation Pattern: Insights From the PROCAT II Registry.

    PubMed

    Dumas, Florence; Bougouin, Wulfran; Geri, Guillaume; Lamhaut, Lionel; Rosencher, Julien; Pène, Frédéric; Chiche, Jean-Daniel; Varenne, Olivier; Carli, Pierre; Jouven, Xavier; Mira, Jean-Paul; Spaulding, Christian; Cariou, Alain

    2016-05-23

    In a large cohort of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients without ST-segment elevation (STE), the study assessed the relationship between the use of an early invasive strategy and patient outcome. Emergent coronary angiogram (CAG) and reperfusion are currently a standard of care in patients resuscitated from an OHCA with ST-segment elevation (STE). However, using a similar invasive strategy is still debated in patients without STE. In the absence of an obvious extracardiac cause, for many years our practice has had to perform an emergent CAG in all OHCA patients (STE and no STE) at admission, followed by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) when required. All patients' characteristics are prospectively collected in the PROCAT (Parisian Registry Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest) database. Focusing on non-STE patients and using logistical regression, we investigated the association between early PCI and favorable outcome (cerebral performance category 1 to 2 at discharge) and we searched predictive factors for PCI requirement. During the study period (2004 to 2013), we investigated 958 OHCA patients with an emergent CAG. Among them 695 of 958 (73%), mostly male (76%), and average 60 years of age had no evidence of STE on the post-resuscitation electrocardiography. A PCI was deemed necessary in 199 of 695 (29%). A favorable outcome was observed in 87 of 200 (43%) in patients with PCI compared with 164 of 495 (33%) in patients without PCI (p = 0.02). After adjustment, PCI was associated with a better outcome (adjusted odds ratio: 1.80 [95% confidence interval: 1.09 to 2.97]; p = 0.02). The other predictive factors of favorable outcome were a shorter resuscitation length (<20 min), an initial shockable rhythm, and a lower dose of epinephrine during resuscitation (p < 0.001). An initial shockable rhythm (adjusted odds ratio: 2.83 [95% confidence interval: 1.84 to 4.36]; p < 0.001) was the sole independent indicator for PCI requirement. A culprit

  14. Cardiac troponin I for the prediction of functional recovery and left ventricular remodelling following primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Hallén, Jonas; Jensen, Jesper K; Fagerland, Morten W; Jaffe, Allan S; Atar, Dan

    2010-12-01

    To investigate the ability of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) to predict functional recovery and left ventricular remodelling following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Post hoc study extending from randomised controlled trial. 132 patients with STEMI receiving pPCI. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), end-diastolic and end-systolic volume index (EDVI and ESVI) and changes in these parameters from day 5 to 4 months after the index event. Cardiac magnetic resonance examination performed at 5 days and 4 months for evaluation of LVEF, EDVI and ESVI. cTnI was sampled at 24 and 48 h. In linear regression models adjusted for early (5 days) assessment of LVEF, ESVI and EDVI, single-point cTnI at either 24 or 48 h were independent and strong predictors of changes in LVEF (p<0.01), EDVI (p<0.01) and ESVI (p<0.01) during the follow-up period. In a logistic regression analysis for prediction of an LVEF below 40% at 4 months, single-point cTnI significantly improved the prognostic strength of the model (area under the curve = 0.94, p<0.01) in comparison with the combination of clinical variables and LVEF at 5 days. Single-point sampling of cTnI after pPCI for STEMI provides important prognostic information on the time-dependent evolution of left ventricular function and volumes.

  15. Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage.

    PubMed

    Han, In Woong; Jang, Jin-Young; Kang, Mee Joo; Lee, Kyoung Bun; Lee, Seung Eun; Kim, Sun-Whe

    2012-03-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) is a procedure to resolve acute cholecystitis (AC). It may decrease the technical difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and thus may facilitate successful surgery when a patients' condition improves. However, the timing of LC after PTGBD remains controversial. From 2004 to 2010, cholecystectomy after PTGBD was performed in 67 patients with AC. Group I members underwent LC within 72 h of PTGBD (n = 21), whereas group II members underwent LC at more than 72 h after PTGBD (n = 46). The open conversion rate was similar in the two groups. The perioperative complication rate was higher in group I than in group II, but with marginal significance (19.0 vs. 4.3%; p = 0.07). Mean operative time was longer in group I than in group II (79.3 ± 25.3 vs. 53.7 ± 45.3 min; p = 0.02). However, overall hospital stay was shorter in group I than in group II, but with marginal significance (10.8 ± 4.5 vs. 14.7 ± 9.3 days; p = 0.08). Pros and cons were well balanced between the two groups. Decisions on the timing of cholecystectomy after PTGBD should be made based on considerations of patient condition, hospital facilities, and surgical experience.

  16. Use of tailored loading-dose clopidogrel in patients undergoing selected percutaneous coronary intervention based on adenosine diphosphate-mediated platelet aggregation.

    PubMed

    Meng, Kang; Lü, Shu-Zheng; Zhu, Hua-Gang; Chen, Xin; Ge, Chang-Jiang; Song, Xian-Tao

    2010-12-01

    Adenosine phosphate-mediated platelet aggregation is a prognostic factor for major adverse cardiac events in patients who have undergone selective percutaneous coronary interventions. This study aimed to assess whether an adjusted loading dose of clopidogrel could more effectively inhibit platelet aggregation in patients undergoing selected percutaneous coronary intervention. A total of 205 patients undergoing selected percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled in this multicenter, prospective, randomized study. Patients receiving domestic clopidogrel (n = 104) served as the Talcom (Taijia) group; others (n = 101) received Plavix, the Plavix group. Patients received up to 3 additional 300-mg loading doses of clopidogrel to decrease the adenosine phosphate-mediated platelet aggregation index by more than 50% (the primary endpoint) compared with the baseline. The secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events at 12 months. Compared with the rational loading dosage, the tailored loading dosage better inhibited platelet aggregation based on a > 50% decrease in adenosine phosphate-mediated platelet aggregation (rational loading dosage vs. tailored loading dosage, 48% vs. 73%, P = 0.028). There was no significant difference in the eligible index between the Talcom and Plavix groups (47% vs. 49% at 300 mg; 62% vs. 59% at 600 mg; 74% vs. 72% at 900 mg; P > 0.05) based on a standard adenosine diphosphate-mediated platelet aggregation decrease of > 50%. After 12 months of follow-up, there were no significant differences in major adverse cardiac events (2.5% vs. 2.9%, P = 5.43). No acute or subacute stent thrombosis events occurred. An adjusted loading dose of clopidogrel could have significant effects on antiplatelet aggregation compared with a rational dose, decreasing 1-year major adverse cardiac events in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions based on adenosine phosphate-mediated platelet aggregation with no increase in bleeding.

  17. Association between body mass index and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in multiethnic South East Asian population: a retrospective analysis of the Malaysian National Cardiovascular Disease Database-Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (NCVD-PCI) registry.

    PubMed

    Azhari, Zaid; Ismail, Muhammad Dzafir; Zuhdi, Ahmad Syadi Mahmood; Md Sari, Norashikin; Zainal Abidin, Imran; Wan Ahmad, Wan Azman

    2017-11-09

    To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a multiethnic South East Asian population. Fifteen participating cardiology centres contributed to the Malaysian National Cardiovascular Disease Database-Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (NCVD-PCI) registry. 28 742 patients from the NCVD-PCI registry who had their first PCI between January 2007 and December 2014 were included. Those without their BMI recorded or BMI <11 kg/m 2 or >70 kg/m 2 were excluded. In-hospital death, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), vascular complications between different BMI groups were examined. Multivariable-adjusted HRs for 1-year mortality after PCI among the BMI groups were also calculated. The patients were divided into four groups; underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m 2 ), normal BMI (BMI 18.5 to <23 kg/m 2 ), overweight (BMI 23 to <27.5 kg/m 2 ) and obese (BMI ≥27.5 kg/m 2 ). Comparison of their baseline characteristics showed that the obese group was younger, had lower prevalence of smoking but higher prevalence of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. There was no difference found in terms of in-hospital death, MACE and vascular complications after PCI. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that compared with normal BMI group the underweight group had a non-significant difference (HR 1.02, p=0.952), while the overweight group had significantly lower risk of 1-year mortality (HR 0.71, p=0.005). The obese group also showed lower HR but this was non-significant (HR 0.78, p=0.056). Using Asian-specific BMI cut-off points, the overweight group in our study population was independently associated with lower risk of 1-year mortality after PCI compared with the normal BMI group. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  18. Hypersensitivity to aspirin and urgent percutaneous coronary intervention: A therapeutic challenge.

    PubMed

    Duarte, Tatiana; Gonçalves, Sara; Sá, Catarina; Marinheiro, Rita; Rodrigues, Rita; Seixo, Filipe; Tomas, Elza; Caria, Rui

    2016-11-01

    Hypersensitivity reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are common and five types of reactions have been defined. The prevalence of such reactions in patients with myocardial infarction is unclear, and so antiplatelet therapy in this population is a challenge. Various desensitization protocols have been developed but there are no specific guidelines for their use. The authors present the case of a patient with acute coronary syndrome and aspirin hypersensitivity referred for urgent coronary angiography. Aspirin desensitization therapy is safe and successful in many patients, but more randomized trials are needed to confirm its benefits in coronary artery disease patients. Copyright © 2016 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  19. Rationale and design of the ARCUS: Effects of trAnsRadial perCUtaneouS coronary intervention on upper extremity function.

    PubMed

    Zwaan, Eva M; IJsselmuiden, Alexander J J; van Rosmalen, Joost; van Geuns, Robert-Jan M; Amoroso, Giovanni; Moerman, Esther; Ritt, Marco J P F; Schreuders, Ton A R; Kofflard, Marcel J M; Holtzer, Carlo A J

    2016-12-01

    The aim of this study is to provide a complete insight in the access-site morbidity and upper extremity function after Transradial Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (TR-PCI). In percutaneous coronary intervention the Transradial Approach (TRA) is gaining popularity as a default technique. It is a very promising technique with respect to post-procedure complications, but the exact effects of TRA on upper extremity function are unknown. The effects of trAnsRadial perCUtaneouS coronary intervention on upper extremity function (ARCUS) trial is a multicenter prospective cohort study that will be conducted in all patients admitted for TR-PCI. Clinical outcomes will be monitored during a follow-up of 6 months, with its primary endpoint at two weeks of follow-up. To investigate the complete upper extremity function, a combination of physical examinations and validated questionnaires will be used to provide information on anatomical integrity, strength, range of motion (ROM), coordination, sensibility, pain, and functioning in everyday life. Procedural and material specifications will be registered in order to include all possible aspects influencing upper extremity function. Results from this study will elucidate the effect of TR-PCI on upper extremity function. This creates the opportunity to further optimize TR-PCI, to make improvements in functional outcome and to prevent morbidity regarding full upper extremity function. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Resting heart rate associates with one-year risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Wang, Shao-Li; Wang, Cheng-Long; Wang, Pei-Li; Xu, Hao; Du, Jian-Peng; Zhang, Da-Wu; Gao, Zhu-Ye; Zhang, Lei; Fu, Chang-Geng; Chen, Ke-Ji; Shi, Da-Zhuo

    2016-03-01

    The study was to access the association between resting heart rate (RHR) and one-year risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients with ACS after PCI (n = 808) were prospectively followed-up for MACE. RHR was obtained from electrocardiogram. MACE was defined as a composite of cardiac death, nonfatal recurrent myocardial infarction, ischemic-driven revascularization, and ischemic stroke. The association between RHR and one-year risk of MACE was assessed using Cox proportional hazards regression model. Compared with patients with RHR >76 bpm, the adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) was 0.51 (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.23-1.14; P = 0.100) for patients with RHR < 61 bpm, and 0.44 (95%CI: 0.23-0.85; P = 0.014) for those with RHR 61-76 bpm. For patients with RHR ≥ 61 bpm, an increase of 10 bpm in RHR was associated with an increase by 38.0% in the risk of MACE (AHR: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.04-1.83; P = 0.026). ACS patients after PCI with RHR >76 bpm were at higher risk of MACE during one-year follow-up compared with patients with RHR 61-76 bpm. An elevated RHR ≥ 61 bpm was associated with increased risk of one-year MACE in ACS patients. © 2015 by the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine.

  1. Resting heart rate associates with one-year risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome after percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Shao-Li; Wang, Cheng-Long; Wang, Pei-Li; Xu, Hao; Du, Jian-Peng; Zhang, Da-Wu; Gao, Zhu-Ye; Zhang, Lei; Fu, Chang-Geng; Chen, Ke-Ji

    2015-01-01

    The study was to access the association between resting heart rate (RHR) and one-year risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients with ACS after PCI (n = 808) were prospectively followed-up for MACE. RHR was obtained from electrocardiogram. MACE was defined as a composite of cardiac death, nonfatal recurrent myocardial infarction, ischemic-driven revascularization, and ischemic stroke. The association between RHR and one-year risk of MACE was assessed using Cox proportional hazards regression model. Compared with patients with RHR >76 bpm, the adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) was 0.51 (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.23–1.14; P = 0.100) for patients with RHR < 61 bpm, and 0.44 (95%CI: 0.23–0.85; P = 0.014) for those with RHR 61–76 bpm. For patients with RHR ≥ 61 bpm, an increase of 10 bpm in RHR was associated with an increase by 38.0% in the risk of MACE (AHR: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.04–1.83; P = 0.026). ACS patients after PCI with RHR >76 bpm were at higher risk of MACE during one-year follow-up compared with patients with RHR 61–76 bpm. An elevated RHR ≥ 61 bpm was associated with increased risk of one-year MACE in ACS patients. PMID:26585407

  2. Time-Course Reduction in Patient Exposure to Radiation From Coronary Interventional Procedures: The Greater Paris Area Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Registry.

    PubMed

    Georges, Jean-Louis; Karam, Nicole; Tafflet, Muriel; Livarek, Bernard; Bataille, Sophie; Loyeau, Aurélie; Mapouata, Mireille; Benamer, Hakim; Caussin, Christophe; Garot, Philippe; Varenne, Olivier; Barbou, Franck; Teiger, Emmanuel; Funck, François; Karrillon, Gaëtan; Lambert, Yves; Spaulding, Christian; Jouven, Xavier

    2017-08-01

    The frequency of complex percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) has increased in the last few years, with a growing concern on the radiation dose received by the patients. Multicenter data from large unselected populations on patients' radiation doses during coronary angiography (CA) and PCI and temporal trends are lacking. This study sought to evaluate the temporal trends in patients' exposure to radiation from CA and PCI. Data were taken from the CARDIO-ARSIF registry that prospectively collects data on all CAs and PCIs performed in the 36 catheterization laboratories in the Greater Paris Area, the most populated regions in France with about 12 million inhabitants. Kerma area product and Fluoroscopy time from 152 684 consecutive CAs and 103 177 PCIs performed between 2009 and 2013 were analyzed. A continuous trend for a decrease in median [interquartile range] Kerma area product was observed, from 33 [19-55] Gy cm 2 in 2009 to 27 [16-44] Gy cm 2 in 2013 for CA ( P <0.0001), and from 73 [41-125] to 55 [31-91] Gy cm 2 for PCI ( P <0.0001). Time-course differences in Kerma area product remained highly significant after adjustment on Fluoroscopy time, PCI procedure complexity, change of x-ray equipment, and other patient- and procedure-related covariates. In a large patient population, a steady temporal decrease in patient radiation exposure during CA and PCI was noted between 2009 and 2013. Kerma area product reduction was consistent in all types of procedure and was independent of patient-related factors and PCI procedure complexity. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  3. A systematic review of the quality of economic models comparing thrombosis inhibitors in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Hatz, Maximilian H M; Leidl, Reiner; Yates, Nichola A; Stollenwerk, Björn

    2014-04-01

    Thrombosis inhibitors can be used to treat acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, there are various alternative treatment strategies, of which some have been compared using health economic decision models. To assess the quality of health economic decision models comparing thrombosis inhibitors in patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, and to identify areas for quality improvement. The literature databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, EconLit, National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED), Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE) and Health Technology Assessment (HTA). A review of the quality of health economic decision models was conducted by two independent reviewers, using the Philips checklist. Twenty-one relevant studies were identified. Differences were apparent regarding the model type (six decision trees, four Markov models, eight combinations, three undefined models), the model structure (types of events, Markov states) and the incorporation of data (efficacy, cost and utility data). Critical issues were the absence of particular events (e.g. thrombocytopenia, stroke) and questionable usage of utility values within some studies. As we restricted our search to health economic decision models comparing thrombosis inhibitors, interesting aspects related to the quality of studies of adjacent medical areas that compared stents or procedures could have been missed. This review identified areas where recommendations are indicated regarding the quality of future ACS decision models. For example, all critical events and relevant treatment options should be included. Models also need to allow for changing event probabilities to correctly reflect ACS and to incorporate appropriate, age-specific utility values and decrements when conducting cost-utility analyses.

  4. Admission glycemic variability correlates with in-hospital outcomes in diabetic patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Su, Gong; Zhang, Tao; Yang, Hongxia; Dai, Wenlong; Tian, Lei; Tao, Hong; Wang, Tao; Mi, Shuhua

    2018-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of admission glycemic variability (AGV) on in-hospital outcomes in diabetic patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods We studied 759 diabetic patients with NSTE-ACS undergoing PCI. AGV was accessed based on the mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGEs) in the first 24 hours after admission. Primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital events, all-cause mortality, new-onset myocardial infarction, acute heart failure, and stroke. Secondary outcomes were each of these considered separately. Predictive effects of AGV on the in-hospital outcomes in patients were analyzed. Results Patients with high MAGE levels had significantly higher incidence of total outcomes (9.9% vs. 4.8%, p=0.009) and all-cause mortality (2.3% vs. 0.4%, p=0.023) than those with low MAGE levels during hospitalization. Multivariable analysis revealed that AGV was significantly associated with incidence of in-hospital outcomes (Odds ratio=2.024, 95% CI 1.105-3.704, p=0.022) but hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) was not. In the receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis for MAGE and HbA1c in predicting in-hospital outcomes, the area under the curve for MAGE (0.608, p=0.012) was superior to that for HbA1c (0.556, p=0.193). Conclusion High AGV levels may be closely correlated with increased in-hospital poor outcomes in diabetic patients with NSTE-ACS following PCI. PMID:29848920

  5. Legacy Effect of Coronary Perforation Complicating Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Chronic Total Occlusive Disease: An Analysis of 26 807 Cases From the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society Database.

    PubMed

    Kinnaird, Tim; Anderson, Richard; Ossei-Gerning, Nicholas; Cockburn, James; Sirker, Alex; Ludman, Peter; deBelder, Mark; Walsh, Simon; Smith, Elliot; Hanratty, Colm; Spratt, James; Strange, Julian; Hildick-Smith, David; Mamas, Mamas A

    2017-05-01

    Coronary perforation (CP) during chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention for stable angina (CTO-PCI) is a rare but serious event. The evidence base is limited, and the long-term effects are unclear. Using a national PCI database, the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of CP during CTO-PCI were defined. Data analyzed from the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society data set on all CTO-PCI procedures performed in England and Wales between 2006 and 2013. Multivariate logistic regressions and propensity scores were used to identify predictors of CP and its association with outcomes. A total of 376 CP were recorded from 26 807 CTO-PCI interventions (incidence of 1.40%) with an increase in frequency during the study period ( P =0.012). Patient-related factors associated with an increased risk of CP were age and female sex. Procedural factors indicative of complex CTO intervention strongly related to an increased risk of CP with a close relationship between the number of complex strategies used and CP evident ( P =0.008 for trend). Tamponade occurred in 16.6% and emergency surgery in 3.4% of cases. Adverse outcomes were frequent in those patients with perforation including bleeding, transfusion, myocardial infarction, and death. A legacy effect of perforation on mortality was evident, with an odds ratio for 12-month mortality of 1.60 for perforation survivors compared with matched nonperforation survivors without a CP ( P <0.0001). Many of the factors associated with an increased risk of CP were related to CTO complexity. Perforation was associated with adverse outcomes, with a legacy effect on later mortality after CP also observed. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  6. Predictive Value of CHA2DS2-VASC Score for Contrast-Induced Nephropathy After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Coronary Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Kurtul, Alparslan; Yarlioglues, Mikail; Duran, Mustafa

    2017-03-15

    The CHA2DS2-VASC score, used for embolic risk stratification in atrial fibrillation (AF), has been reported recently to predict adverse clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), regardless of having AF. We investigated the correlation between the CHA2DS2-VASC score and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with ACS who underwent urgent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 1,408 patients were enrolled in the study. The CHA2DS2-VASC score was calculated for each patient. Based on the receiver operating characteristic analysis, the study population was divided into 2 groups: CHA2DS2-VASC score ≤3 group (n = 944) and CHA2DS2-VASC score ≥4 group (n = 464). Patients were then reallocated to 2 groups according to the presence or absence of CIN. CIN was defined as a rise in serum creatinine >0.5 mg/dl or >25% increase in baseline within 72 hours after PCI. Overall, 159 cases (11.3%) of CIN were diagnosed. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed good diagnostic value of CHA2DS2-VASC score in predicting CIN (area under the curve 0.769, 95% confidence interval 0.733 to 0.805; p <0.001). When patients with a CHA2DS2-VASC score of ≥4 were compared with those with a CHA2DS2-VASC score of ≤3, patients with high score had a higher frequency of CIN (23.9% vs 5.1%; p <0.001), and multivariate analysis identified the CHA2DS2-VASC score of ≥4 as an independent predictor of CIN. In conclusion, CHA2DS2-VASC score can be used as a new, simple, and reliable tool to predict CIN in patients with ACS who underwent urgent PCI. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Associations of common variants at ALDH2 gene and the risk of stroke in patients with coronary artery diseases undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    You, Ling; Li, Chenze; Zhao, Jinzhao; Wang, Dao Wen; Cui, Wei

    2018-05-01

    Limited data are available about the role of common variants at the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 gene (ALDH2) on the clinical outcome in Chinese patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In the present study, a total of 1089 patients were consecutively enrolled from January 2012 and July 2013. Six common variants at ALDH2 gene, including rs2339840, rs4648328, rs4767939, rs11066028, rs16941669, and rs671, were selected to test the associations of those polymorphisms with the cardiovascular outcome in patients with CHD after PCI. The clinical endpoints included cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke. The composite of clinical endpoints was defined as the primary endpoint, and every endpoint alone was considered as the secondary endpoints. The median follow-up time was 38.27 months. Our results showed that the common variant rs2339840 was independently associated with a lower risk of stroke in patients with CHD after PCI (codominant model, HR = 0.32, 95% CI, 0.11-0.91, P = .074 for heterozygotes; HR = 0.25, 95% CI, 0.06-1.14, P = .033 for homozygotes; dominant model, HR = 0.32, 95% CI, 0.14-0.74, P = .007). However, no significant associations were found between other 5 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the clinical endpoints. For the first time, the common variant rs2339840 was reported to be a protective factor against stroke in CHD patients with PCI.

  8. Risk of death and myocardial infarction in patients with peripheral arterial disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Dynamic Registry).

    PubMed

    Parikh, Shailja V; Saya, Shoaib; Divanji, Punag; Banerjee, Subhash; Selzer, Faith; Abbott, J Dawn; Naidu, Srihari S; Wilensky, Robert L; Faxon, David P; Jacobs, Alice K; Holper, Elizabeth M

    2011-04-01

    Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are at high risk for adverse cardiovascular events. Trends over time in outcomes with advances in PCI and medical therapy are unknown. We evaluated 866 patients with PAD in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Dynamic Registry undergoing PCI according to treatment eras: the early bare metal stent (BMS) era (wave 1, 1997 to 1998, n = 180), the BMS era (waves 2 and 3, 1999 and 2001 to 2002, n = 339), and the drug-eluting stent (DES) era (waves 4 and 5, 2004 and 2006, n = 347). We compared in-hospital and 1-year outcomes by recruitment era. In-hospital coronary artery bypass graft surgery rates were significantly lower in the later eras (3.9%, 0.9%, and 0.6% for the early BMS, BMS, and DES eras, respectively, p for trend = 0.005), and an increasing percentage of patients were discharged on aspirin, β blockers, statins, and thienopyridines (p for trend <0.001 for all comparisons). Cumulative 1-year event rates in patients with PAD in the early BMS era, BMS era, and DES era for death were 13.7%, 10.5%, and 9.8% (p for trend = 0.21), those for myocardial infarction (MI) were 9.8%, 8.8%, and 10.0% (p for trend = 0.95), and those for repeat revascularization were 26.8%, 21.0%, and 17.2% (p for trend = 0.008). The 1-year adjusted hazard ratios of adverse events in patients with PAD using the early BMS era as the reference were 0.84 for death in the BMS era (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.46 to 1.55, p = 0.58) and 1.35 in the DES era (95% CI 0.71 to 2.56, p = 0.36), 0.89 for MI in the BMS era (95% CI 0.48 to 1.66, p = 0.72) and 1.02 in the DES era (95% CI 0.55 to 1.87, p = 0.95), and 0.63 for repeat revascularization in the BMS era (95% CI 0.41 to 0.97, p = 0.04) and 0.46 in the DES era (95% CI 0.29 to 0.73, p = 0.001). In conclusion, despite significant improvements in medical therapy and a decrease in repeat revascularization over time, patients with PAD

  9. Prasugrel (Efient®) with percutaneous coronary intervention for treating acute coronary syndromes (review of TA182): systematic review and economic analysis.

    PubMed

    Greenhalgh, Janette; Bagust, Adrian; Boland, Angela; Dwan, Kerry; Beale, Sophie; Fleeman, Nigel; McEntee, Joanne; Dundar, Yenal; Richardson, Marty; Fisher, Michael

    2015-04-01

    Acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) are life-threatening conditions associated with acute myocardial ischaemia. There are three main types of ACS: ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina (UA). One treatment for ACS is percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) plus adjunctive treatment with antiplatelet drugs. Dual therapy antiplatelet treatment [aspirin plus either prasugrel (Efient(®), Daiichi Sankyo Company Ltd UK/Eli Lilly and Company Ltd), clopidogrel or ticagrelor (Brilique(®), AstraZeneca)] is standard in UK clinical practice. Prasugrel is the focus of this review. The remit is to appraise the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of prasugrel within its licensed indication for the treatment of ACS with PCI and is a review of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence technology appraisal TA182. Four electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, PubMed) were searched from database inception to June 2013 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and to August 2013 for economic evaluations comparing prasugrel with clopidogrel or ticagrelor in ACS patients undergoing PCI. Clinical outcomes included non-fatal and fatal cardiovascular (CV) events, adverse effects of treatment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Cost-effectiveness outcomes included incremental cost per life-year gained and incremental cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained. An independent economic model assessed four mutually exclusive subgroups: ACS patients treated with PCI for STEMI and with and without diabetes mellitus and ACS patients treated with PCI for UA or NSTEMI and with and without diabetes mellitus. No new RCTs were identified beyond that reported in TA182. TRITON-TIMI 38 (Trial to Assess Improvement in Therapeutic Outcomes by Optimizing Platelet Inhibition with Prasugrel Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 38) compared prasugrel with clopidogrel in ACS

  10. Temporal Trends in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Associated Acute Cerebrovascular Accident (From the 1998–2008 Nationwide Inpatient Sample [NIS] Database)

    PubMed Central

    Shivaraju, Anupama; Yu, Changhong; Kattan, Michael W.; Xie, Hui; Shroff, Adhir R.; Vidovich, Mladen I.

    2014-01-01

    Acute cerebrovascular accident (CVA) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 1998 to 2008 was utilized to identify 1,552,602 PCIs performed for ACS and CAD. We assessed temporal trends in the incidence, predictors and prognostic impact of CVA in a broad range of patients undergoing PCI. The overall incidence of CVA was 0.56% (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.55%–0.57%). The incidence of CVA remained unchanged over the study period (adjusted p for trend = 0.2271). The overall mortality in the CVA group was 10.76% (95% CI, 10.1%–11.4%). The adjusted odds ratio (OR) of CVA for in-hospital mortality was 7.74 (95% CI, 7.00–8.57; p<0.0001); this remained high but decreased over the study period (adjusted p for trend <0.0001). Independent predictors of CVA included older age (OR, 1.03, 95% CI, 1.02–1.03; p<0.0001), disorder of lipid metabolism (OR, 1.31, 95% CI, 1.24–1.38; p<0.001), history of tobacco use (OR, 1.21, 95% CI, 1.10–1.34; p=0.0002), coronary atherosclerosis (OR 1.56, 95% CI, 1.43–1.71; p<0.0001), and IABP use (OR 1.39, 95% CI, 1.09–1.77; p=0.0073). A nomogram for predicting the probability of CVA achieved a concordance index of 0.73 and was well calibrated. In conclusion, the incidence of CVA associated with PCI has remained unchanged from 1998–2008 in face of improved equipment, techniques and adjunctive pharmacology. The risk of CVA associated in-hospital mortality is high; however, this risk has declined over the study period. PMID:24952927

  11. Impact of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease on Long-Term Outcome in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ming; Cheng, Yun-Jiu; Zheng, Wei-Ping; Liu, Guang-Hui; Chen, Huai-Sheng; Ning, Yu; Zhao, Xin; Su, Li-Xiao; Liu, Li-Juan

    2016-01-01

    Objective . The aim of this study was to investigate the association between COPD and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods . 2,362 patients who underwent PCI were included in this study. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: with COPD ( n = 233) and without COPD ( n = 2,129). Cox proportional hazards models were analyzed to determine the effect of COPD on the incidence of MACCE. Results . The patients with COPD were older ( P < 0.0001) and were more likely to be current smokers ( P = 0.02) and have had hypertension ( P = 0.02) and diabetes mellitus ( P = 0.01). Prevalence of serious cardiovascular comorbidity was higher in the patients with COPD, including a history of MI ( P = 0.02) and HF ( P < 0.0001). Compared with non-COPD group, the COPD group showed a higher risk of all-cause death (hazard ratio (HR): 2.45, P < 0.0001), cardiac death (HR: 2.53, P = 0.0002), MI (HR: 1.387, P = 0.027), and HF (HR: 2.25, P < 0.0001). Conclusions . Patients with CAD and concomitant COPD are associated with a higher incidence of MACCE (all-cause death, cardiac death, MI, and HF) compared to patients without COPD. The patients with a history of COPD have higher in-hospital and long-term mortality rates than those without COPD after PCI.

  12. Impact of minimum contrast media volumes during elective percutaneous coronary intervention for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

    PubMed

    Ebisawa, Soichiro; Kurita, Tairo; Tanaka, Nobuyoshi; Nasu, Kenya; Kimura, Masashi; Ito, Tatsuya; Kinoshita, Yoshihisa; Tsuchikane, Etsuo; Terashima, Mitsuyasu; Suzuki, Takahiko

    2016-01-01

    Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is an important complication following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The clinical importance of a minimum contrast media volume (CMV) for PCI to prevent CIN has not been well evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of minimum CMV to prevent CIN after PCI. In this study, 2052 consecutive patients who underwent elective PCI in our institute were analyzed. We divided patients into two groups according to CMV: a minimum CMV PCI group [CMV ≤50 ml (n = 94)] and a non-minimum CMV PCI group [CMV >50 ml (n = 1958)]. CIN occurred in 160 (7.8 %) patients. The incidence of CIN was significantly lower in the minimum CMV PCI group than in the non-minimum CMV PCI group (2.1 vs. 8.1 %; P = 0.03). According to multivariate analysis, elderly patients and diabetes mellitus patients were at high risk of developing CIN in this study population. When analyzing only high-risk patients, the incidence of CIN was also significantly lower in the minimum CMV group than in the non-minimum CMV group (2.6 vs. 10.3 %; P = 0.03). Minimum CMV PCI could reduce the incidence of CIN, particularly in high-risk patients; as such, defining the minimum CMV clinical cut-off values may be useful for the prevention of CIN.

  13. Contrast-induced acute kidney injury and mortality in ST elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Silvain, Johanne; Nguyen, Lee S; Spagnoli, Vincent; Kerneis, Mathieu; Guedeney, Paul; Vignolles, Nicolas; Cosker, Kristel; Barthelemy, Olivier; Le Feuvre, Claude; Helft, Gérard; Collet, Jean-Philippe; Montalescot, Gilles

    2018-05-01

    Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a common and potentially severe complication in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). There is no consensus on the best definition of CI-AKI to identify patients at risk of haemodialysis or death. The objective of this study was to assess the association of CI-AKI, using four definitions, on inhospital mortality, mortality or haemodialysis requirement over 1-year follow-up, in patients with STEMI treated with pPCI. In this prospective, observational study, all patients with STEMI referred for pPCI were included. We identified independent variables associated with CI-AKI and mortality. We included 1114 consecutive patients with STEMI treated by pPCI. CI-AKI occurred in 18.3%, 12.2%, 15.6% and 10.5% of patients according to the CIN, Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN), Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of kidney function, and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) and RIFLE Chronic Kidney Disease - Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) definitions, respectively. The RIFLE (CKD-EPI) definition was the most discriminant definition to identify patients at higher risk of inhospital mortality (27.1% vs 4.0%; adjusted OR 2.7 (95% CI 1.4 to 5.1), p=0.003), 1-year mortality (27.4% vs 6.6%; adjusted OR 2.8 (95% CI 1.5 to 5.3), p=0.002) and haemodialysis requirement at 1-year follow-up (15.6% vs 2.7%; adjusted OR 6.7 (95% CI 3.3 to 13.6), p=0.001). Haemodynamic instability, cardiac arrest, preexisting renal failure, elderly age and a high contrast media volume were independently associated with 1-year mortality. Of interest, contrast-media volume was not correlated to increase of creatininaemia (r=0.06) or decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (r=0.05) after percutaneous coronary intervention in our population. CI-AKI is a frequent and serious complication of STEMI treated by pPCI. The RIFLE definition is

  14. Comparative Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Among Black and White Patients Treated at US Veterans Affairs Hospitals.

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Taisei; Glorioso, Thomas J; Armstrong, Ehrin J; Maddox, Thomas M; Plomondon, Mary E; Grunwald, Gary K; Bradley, Steven M; Tsai, Thomas T; Waldo, Stephen W; Rao, Sunil V; Banerjee, Subhash; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K; Bhatt, Deepak L; Rene, A Garvey; Wilensky, Robert L; Groeneveld, Peter W; Giri, Jay

    2017-09-01

    Current comparative outcomes among black and white patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the Veterans Affairs (VA) health system are not known. To compare outcomes between black and white patients undergoing PCI in the VA health system. This study compared black and white patients who underwent PCI between October 1, 2007, and September 30, 2013, at 63 VA hospitals using data recorded in the VA Clinical Assessment, Reporting, and Tracking System for Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories (CART-CL) program. A generalized linear mixed model with a random intercept for site assessed the relative difference in odds of outcomes between black and white patients. The setting was integrated institutionalized hospital care. Excluded were all patients of other races or those with multiple listed races and those with missing data regarding race or the diagnostic cardiac catheterization. The dates of analysis were January 7, 2016, to April 17, 2017. Percutaneous coronary intervention at a VA hospital. The primary outcome was 1-year mortality. Secondary outcomes were 30-day all-cause readmission rates, 30-day acute kidney injury, 30-day blood transfusion, and 1-year readmission rates for myocardial infarction. In addition, variations in procedural and postprocedural care were examined, including the use of intravascular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography, fractional flow reserve measurements, bare-metal stents, postprocedural medications, and radial access. A total of 42 391 patients (13.3% black and 98.4% male; mean [SD] age, 65.2 [9.1] years) satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria. In unadjusted analyses, black patients had higher rates of 1-year mortality (7.1% vs 5.9%, P < .001) as well as secondary outcomes of 30-day acute kidney injury (20.8% vs 13.8%, P < .001), 30-day blood transfusion (3.4% vs 2.7%, P < .01), and 1-year readmission rates for myocardial infarction (3.3% vs 2.7%, P = .01) compared with white

  15. Change in Coronary Blood Flow After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Relation to Baseline Lesion Physiology Results of the JUSTIFY-PCI Study

    PubMed Central

    Nijjer, Sukhjinder S.; Petraco, Ricardo; van de Hoef, Tim P.; Sen, Sayan; van Lavieren, Martijn A.; Foale, Rodney A.; Meuwissen, Martijn; Broyd, Christopher; Echavarria-Pinto, Mauro; Al-Lamee, Rasha; Foin, Nicolas; Sethi, Amarjit; Malik, Iqbal S.; Mikhail, Ghada W.; Hughes, Alun D.; Mayet, Jamil; Francis, Darrel P.; Di Mario, Carlo; Escaned, Javier; Piek, Jan J.; Davies, Justin E.

    2016-01-01

    Background Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) aims to increase coronary blood flow by relieving epicardial obstruction. However, no study has objectively confirmed this and assessed changes in flow over different phases of the cardiac cycle. We quantified the change in resting and hyperemic flow velocity after PCI in stenoses defined physiologically by fractional flow reserve and other parameters. Methods and Results Seventy-five stenoses (67 patients) underwent paired flow velocity assessment before and after PCI. Flow velocity was measured over the whole cardiac cycle and the wave-free period. Mean fractional flow reserve was 0.68±0.02. Pre-PCI, hyperemic flow velocity is diminished in stenoses classed as physiologically significant compared with those classed nonsignificant (P<0.001). In significant stenoses, flow velocity over the resting wave-free period and hyperemic flow velocity did not differ statistically. After PCI, resting flow velocity over the wave-free period increased little (5.6±1.6 cm/s) and significantly less than hyperemic flow velocity (21.2±3 cm/s; P<0.01). The greatest increase in hyperemic flow velocity was observed when treating stenoses below physiological cut points; treating stenoses with fractional flow reserve ≤0.80 gained Δ28.5±3.8 cm/s, whereas those fractional flow reserve >0.80 had a significantly smaller gain (Δ4.6±2.3 cm/s; P<0.001). The change in pressure-only physiological indices demonstrated a curvilinear relationship to the change in hyperemic flow velocity but was flat for resting flow velocity. Conclusions Pre-PCI physiology is strongly associated with post-PCI increase in hyperemic coronary flow velocity. Hyperemic flow velocity increases 6-fold more when stenoses classed as physiologically significant undergo PCI than when nonsignificant stenoses are treated. Resting flow velocity measured over the wave-free period changes at least 4-fold less than hyperemic flow velocity after PCI. PMID:26025217

  16. Change in coronary blood flow after percutaneous coronary intervention in relation to baseline lesion physiology: results of the JUSTIFY-PCI study.

    PubMed

    Nijjer, Sukhjinder S; Petraco, Ricardo; van de Hoef, Tim P; Sen, Sayan; van Lavieren, Martijn A; Foale, Rodney A; Meuwissen, Martijn; Broyd, Christopher; Echavarria-Pinto, Mauro; Al-Lamee, Rasha; Foin, Nicolas; Sethi, Amarjit; Malik, Iqbal S; Mikhail, Ghada W; Hughes, Alun D; Mayet, Jamil; Francis, Darrel P; Di Mario, Carlo; Escaned, Javier; Piek, Jan J; Davies, Justin E

    2015-06-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) aims to increase coronary blood flow by relieving epicardial obstruction. However, no study has objectively confirmed this and assessed changes in flow over different phases of the cardiac cycle. We quantified the change in resting and hyperemic flow velocity after PCI in stenoses defined physiologically by fractional flow reserve and other parameters. Seventy-five stenoses (67 patients) underwent paired flow velocity assessment before and after PCI. Flow velocity was measured over the whole cardiac cycle and the wave-free period. Mean fractional flow reserve was 0.68±0.02. Pre-PCI, hyperemic flow velocity is diminished in stenoses classed as physiologically significant compared with those classed nonsignificant (P<0.001). In significant stenoses, flow velocity over the resting wave-free period and hyperemic flow velocity did not differ statistically. After PCI, resting flow velocity over the wave-free period increased little (5.6±1.6 cm/s) and significantly less than hyperemic flow velocity (21.2±3 cm/s; P<0.01). The greatest increase in hyperemic flow velocity was observed when treating stenoses below physiological cut points; treating stenoses with fractional flow reserve ≤0.80 gained Δ28.5±3.8 cm/s, whereas those fractional flow reserve >0.80 had a significantly smaller gain (Δ4.6±2.3 cm/s; P<0.001). The change in pressure-only physiological indices demonstrated a curvilinear relationship to the change in hyperemic flow velocity but was flat for resting flow velocity. Pre-PCI physiology is strongly associated with post-PCI increase in hyperemic coronary flow velocity. Hyperemic flow velocity increases 6-fold more when stenoses classed as physiologically significant undergo PCI than when nonsignificant stenoses are treated. Resting flow velocity measured over the wave-free period changes at least 4-fold less than hyperemic flow velocity after PCI. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

  17. Treatment of complex coronary artery disease in patients with diabetes: 5-year results comparing outcomes of bypass surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention in the SYNTAX trial.

    PubMed

    Kappetein, Arie Pieter; Head, Stuart J; Morice, Marie-Claude; Banning, Adrian P; Serruys, Patrick W; Mohr, Friedrich-Wilhelm; Dawkins, Keith D; Mack, Michael J

    2013-05-01

    This prespecified subgroup analysis examined the effect of diabetes on left main coronary disease (LM) and/or three-vessel disease (3VD) in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the SYNTAX trial. Patients (n = 1800) with LM and/or 3VD were randomized to receive either PCI with TAXUS Express paclitaxel-eluting stents or CABG. Five-year outcomes in subgroups with (n = 452) or without (n = 1348) diabetes were examined: major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE), the composite safety end-point of all-cause death/stroke/myocardial infarction (MI) and individual MACCE components death, stroke, MI and repeat revascularization. Event rates were estimated with Kaplan-Meier analyses. In diabetic patients, 5-year rates were significantly higher for PCI vs CABG for MACCE (PCI: 46.5% vs CABG: 29.0%; P < 0.001) and repeat revascularization (PCI: 35.3% vs CABG: 14.6%; P < 0.001). There was no difference in the composite of all-cause death/stroke/MI (PCI: 23.9% vs CABG: 19.1%; P = 0.26) or individual components all-cause death (PCI: 19.5% vs CABG: 12.9%; P = 0.065), stroke (PCI: 3.0% vs CABG: 4.7%; P = 0.34) or MI (PCI: 9.0% vs CABG: 5.4%; P = 0.20). In non-diabetic patients, rates with PCI were also higher for MACCE (PCI: 34.1% vs CABG: 26.3%; P = 0.002) and repeat revascularization (PCI: 22.8% vs CABG: 13.4%; P < 0.001), but not for the composite end-point of all-cause death/stroke/MI (PCI: 19.8% vs CABG: 15.9%; P = 0.069). There were no differences in all-cause death (PCI: 12.0% vs CABG: 10.9%; P = 0.48) or stroke (PCI: 2.2% vs CABG: 3.5%; P = 0.15), but rates of MI (PCI: 9.9% vs CABG: 3.4%; P < 0.001) were significantly increased in the PCI arm in non-diabetic patients. In both diabetic and non-diabetic patients, PCI resulted in higher rates of MACCE and repeat revascularization at 5 years. Although PCI is a potential treatment option in patients with less-complex lesions, CABG should be the

  18. Impact of prior permanent pacemaker on long-term clinical outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Li, Yan-Jie; Zhang, Wei-Wei; Yang, Xiao-Xiao; Li, Ning; Qiu, Xing-Biao; Qu, Xin-Kai; Fang, Wei-Yi; Yang, Yi-Qing; Li, Ruo-Gu

    2017-04-01

    The impact of permanent pacemaker (PPM) on long-term clinical outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been studied. PPM may increase heart failure (HF) burden on patients undergoing PCI. We recruited consecutive patients undergoing PCI and carried out a nested case-control study. Patients with confirmed PPM undergoing first PCI were identified and matched by age and sex in 1:1 fashion to patients without PPM undergoing first PCI. Clinical data were collected and analyzed. The primary endpoint outcomes were all-cause mortality and hospitalization for HF. The final analysis included 156 patients. The mean follow-up period was 4.6 ± 2.9 years. The overall all-cause mortality was 21.15%, without significant difference between the 2 groups (21.79% vs 20.51%; P = 0.85). However, the rate of HF-related hospitalization was significantly higher in patients with PPM than in controls (26.92% vs 10.26%; P = 0.008). After adjustment for hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, chronic kidney disease, stroke, left ventricular ejection fraction, brain natriuretic peptide, and acute coronary syndrome (ACS), PCI patients with PPM were still associated with a greater hospitalization rate for HF (odds ratio: 4.31, 95% confidence interval: 0.94-19.80, P = 0.061). Further analysis in the ACS subgroup showed VVI-mode pacing enhanced the risk for HF-associated hospitalization (adjusted odds ratio: 8.27, 95% confidence interval: 1.37-49.75, P = 0.02). PPM has no effect on all-cause mortality in patients undergoing first PCI but significantly increases the HF-associated hospitalization rate, especially in ACS patients. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Practice Patterns and Trends in the Use of Medical Therapy in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Ontario

    PubMed Central

    Garg, Pallav; Wijeysundera, Harindra C.; Yun, Lingsong; Cantor, Warren J.; Ko, Dennis T.

    2014-01-01

    Background Clinical guidelines emphasize medical therapy as the initial approach to the management of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the extent to which medical therapy is applied before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in contemporary clinical practice is uncertain. We evaluated medication use for patients with stable CAD undergoing PCI, and assessed whether the COURAGE study altered medication use in the Canadian healthcare system. Methods and Results A population‐based cohort of 23 680 older patients >65 years old) with stable CAD undergoing PCI in Ontario between 2003 and 2010 was assembled. Optimal medical therapy (OMT) was defined as prescription for a β‐blocker, statin, and either angiotensin‐converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker in the 90 days before PCI, and the same medications plus thienopyridine 90 days following PCI. Prior to PCI, 8023 (33.9%) patients were receiving OMT, 11 891 (50.2%) were on suboptimal therapy, and 3766 (15.9%) were not prescribed any medications of interest. There was significant improvement in medical therapy following PCI (OMT: 11 149 [47.1%], suboptimal therapy: 11 591 [48.9%], and none: 940 [4.0%], P<0.001). Utilization rate of OMT reduced significantly after the publication of COURAGE (34.9% before versus 32.8% after, P<0.001). Similarly, the rate of OMT following PCI was lower in the period after publication of COURAGE (47.3% before versus 46.9% after, P<0.001). Conclusions OMT was prescribed in about 1 in 3 patients prior to PCI and less than half after PCI. In contrast to the anticipated impact of COURAGE, we found lower rates of medication use in PCI patients after its publication. PMID:25122664

  20. The Impact of Prediabetes on Two-Year Clinical Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Choi, Woong Gil; Rha, Seung Woon; Choi, Byoung Geol; Choi, Se Yeon; Byun, Jae Kyeong; Mashaly, Ahmed; Park, Yoonjee; Jang, Won Young; Kim, Woohyeun; Choi, Jah Yeon; Park, Eun Jin; Na, Jin Oh; Choi, Cheol Ung; Kim, Eung Ju; Park, Chang Gyu; Seo, Hong Seog

    2018-06-01

    Prediabetes is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, data on the long term adverse clinical outcomes of prediabetic patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) are scarce. The study population comprised 674 consecutive non-diabetic patients who underwent elective PCI between April 2007 and November 2010. Prediabetes was defined as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 5.7% to 6.4%. Two-year cumulative clinical outcomes of prediabetic patients (HbA1c of 5.7% to 6.4%, n=242) were compared with those of a normoglycemic group (<5.7%, n=432). Baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics were similar between the two groups, except for higher glucose levels (104.8±51.27 mg/dL vs. 131.0±47.22 mg/dL, p<0.001) on admission in the prediabetes group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in coronary angiographic parameters, except for a higher incidence of diffuse long lesion in the prediabetes group. For prediabetic patients, trends toward higher incidences of binary restenosis (15.6% vs. 9.8 %, p=0.066) and late loss (0.71±0.70 mm vs. 0.59±0.62 mm, p=0.076) were noted. During the 24 months of follow up, the incidence of mortality in prediabetic patients was higher than that in normoglycemic patients (5.5% vs. 1.5%, p=0.007). In our study, a higher death rate and a trend toward a higher incidence of restenosis in patients with prediabetes up to 2 years, compared to those in normoglycemic patients, undergoing elective PCI with contemporary DESs. © Copyright: Yonsei University College of Medicine 2018.

  1. Integration of dual source computed tomography with magnetic navigation system for percutaneous coronary intervention: a feasibility study.

    PubMed

    Li, Chunjian; Tang, Lijun; Yang, Zhijian; Cao, Kejiang

    2011-12-01

    To investigate the feasibility of integration of the dual source computed tomography (DSCT) and magnetic navigation system (MNS) to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MNS has proven to be feasible for yielding high rates of procedural success for PCI. DSCT coronary angiography (DSCT-CA) may provide a roadmap of a target vessel and serve as a reference route for MNS. Combination of these two technologies might decrease the contrast use, fluoroscopy exposure, and be beneficial to the intervention of the totally occluded lesions. Twenty-five patients with positive results of DSCT-CA and indications for PCI were included. CT images were transferred to MNS, and target vessels were extracted and registered to X-ray system as a roadmap. DSCT-CA and MNS-assisted PCIs were successfully performed in 25 of the 26 target vessels (96.2%), with the mean guidewire crossing time of 100.0 (25-75% inter-quartile ranges (IQR): 70.7-157.8) sec, mean total radiation dosage of 268.1 (IQR: 150.5-527.0) μGym(2) , or 42.0 (IQR: 23.0-70.0) mGy, respectively. The contrast usage for guidewire positioning was 0 (IQR: 0-3.0) ml for the successfully crossed lesions. Both of the two totally occluded lesions in this study were successfully crossed with guidewires under the guidance of the DSCT-CA derived roadmap. Integration of DSCT with MNS for PCI is feasible. This integration of advanced modalities might decrease contrast usage, lower fluoroscopy exposure for guidewire positioning, and might also play a role in totally occluded lesions. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Thirty-Day Readmission Rate and Costs After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in the United States: A National Readmission Database Analysis.

    PubMed

    Tripathi, Avnish; Abbott, J Dawn; Fonarow, Gregg C; Khan, Abdur R; Barry, Neil G; Ikram, Sohail; Coram, Rita; Mathew, Verghese; Kirtane, Ajay J; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K; Hirsch, Glenn A; Bhatt, Deepak L

    2017-12-01

    The association of short-term readmissions after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on healthcare costs has not been well studied. The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Readmission Database encompassing 722 US hospitals was used to identify index PCI cases in patients ≥18 years old. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to examine the factors associated with risk of 30-day readmission and higher cumulative costs. We evaluated 206 869 hospitalized patients who survived to discharge after PCI from January through November 2013 and analyzed readmissions over 30 days after discharge. A total of 24 889 patients (12%) were readmitted within 30 days, with rates ranging from 6% to 17% across hospitals. Among the readmitted patients, 13% had PCI, 2% had coronary artery bypass surgery, and 3% died during the readmission. The most common reasons for readmission included nonspecific chest pain/angina (24%) and heart failure (11%). Mean cumulative costs were higher for those with readmissions ($39 634 versus $22 058; P <0.001). The multivariable analyses showed that readmission increased the log 10 cumulative costs by 45% (β: 0.445; P <0.001). There was no significant difference in cumulative costs by the type of insurance. In a national sample of inpatient PCI cases, 30-day readmissions were associated with a significant increase in cumulative costs. The majority of readmissions were because of low-risk chest pain that did not require any intervention. Ongoing effort is warranted to recognize and mitigate potentially preventable post-PCI readmissions. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  3. hsCRP and ET-1 expressions in patients with no-reflow phenomenon after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Liu, Min; Liang, Tian; Zhang, Peiying; Zhang, Qing; Lu, Lei; Wang, Zhongliang

    2017-01-01

    To explore hsCRP and ET-1 expressions in patients with no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 136 patients with single coronary artery disease receiving PCI were divided into a reflow group and a no-reflow group to compare the level use of ET-1 alone with combined level of ET-1 and hs-CRP in PCI regarding sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and accuracy for postoperative no-reflow. The study was conducted between 2014-2016 at our hospital. Postoperative levels of ET-1 and hs-CRP in no-reflow group were significantly higher than those of reflow group (P<0.05). ET-1 level of reflow group peaked three hours after PCI and then declined. Serum level of hs-CRP decreased most obviously within three hours after PCI in reflow group and three hours - three days after PCI in no-reflow group. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameters of both groups after PCI were apparently lower than those before PCI, without significant inter-group difference (P>0.05). Left ventricular end-systolic diameters and left ventricular ejection fractions of both groups evidently increased after PCI, without significant inter-group differences either (P>0.05). Corrected TIMI frame count (CTFC) and wall motion score index of reflow group after PCI were significantly lower than those of no-reflow group (P<0.05). ET-1 level was positively correlated with CTFC (P<0.05). Multivariate linear regression showed hs-CRP was negatively correlated with the serum level (P<0.05) (r=-0.34). hsCRP and ET-1 levels significantly increased in patients with no-reflow phenomenon.

  4. Effect of high-dose rosuvastatin loading before percutaneous coronary intervention in Chinese patients with acute coronary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Su, Qiang; Guo, Wenqin; Dai, Weiran; Li, Hongqing; Yang, Huafeng; Li, Lang

    2017-01-01

    Background Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important disease threatening human life and health. Many studies have shown that the loading dose of atorvastatin can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with ACS, and reduce the mortality. However, this conclusion is not consistent. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effect of high-dose rosuvastatin loading before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Chinese patients with ACS using a meta-analysis based on a systematic review of published articles. Methods We systematically reviewed published studies, evaluating the effect of high-dose rosuvastatin loading before percutaneous coronary intervention in Chinese patients with ACS. The retrieval time is limited from inception to 2 November 2016, and the retrieved databases included PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI, the VIP database and the Wang Fang database. Two researchers independently assessed the quality of the included studies and then extracted the data. Stata 11.0 was used for data analysis. Results In total, 11 articles, which included 802 patients, were included in our meta-analysis. Among these patients, 398 patients were in the high-dose group (20 mg/day) and 404 patients were in the conventional dose group (10 mg/day). Meta-analysis results showed that compared with the conventional dose group: 1) The loading dose of rosuvastatin can significantly reduce the hs-CRP level after PCI, including at 24 hours (SMD = -0.65, 95%CI -0.84 ~ -0.47, P = 0.000), 48 hours (SMD = -0.40, 95%CI -0.68 ~ -0.11, P = 0.006), and four weeks (SMD = -1.64, 95%CI -2.01 ~ -1.26, P = 0.000). 2) The loading dose of rosuvastatin can significantly reduce the levels of LDL-C and cTnT, including the level of LDL-C at 30 d after PCI (SMD = -0.89, 95%CI -1.10 ~ -0.69, P = 0.000), and the level of cTnT at 24 h after PCI (SMD = -1.93, 95%CI -2.28 ~ -1.59, P = 0.000), and increase the level of HDL-C at 48 h after PCI (SMD = 0.61, 95%CI 0.34 ~ 0.88, P

  5. Rapid endovascular catheter core cooling combined with cold saline as an adjunct to percutaneous coronary intervention for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. The CHILL-MI trial: a randomized controlled study of the use of central venous catheter core cooling combined with cold saline as an adjunct to percutaneous coronary intervention for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Erlinge, David; Götberg, Matthias; Lang, Irene; Holzer, Michael; Noc, Marko; Clemmensen, Peter; Jensen, Ulf; Metzler, Bernhard; James, Stefan; Bötker, Hans Erik; Omerovic, Elmir; Engblom, Henrik; Carlsson, Marcus; Arheden, Håkan; Ostlund, Ollie; Wallentin, Lars; Harnek, Jan; Olivecrona, Göran K

    2014-05-13

    The aim of this study was to confirm the cardioprotective effects of hypothermia using a combination of cold saline and endovascular cooling. Hypothermia has been reported to reduce infarct size (IS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions. In a multicenter study, 120 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (<6 h) scheduled to undergo percutaneous coronary intervention were randomized to hypothermia induced by the rapid infusion of 600 to 2,000 ml cold saline and endovascular cooling or standard of care. Hypothermia was initiated before percutaneous coronary intervention and continued for 1 h after reperfusion. The primary end point was IS as a percent of myocardium at risk (MaR), assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging at 4 ± 2 days. Mean times from symptom onset to randomization were 129 ± 56 min in patients receiving hypothermia and 132 ± 64 min in controls. Patients randomized to hypothermia achieved a core body temperature of 34.7°C before reperfusion, with a 9-min longer door-to-balloon time. Median IS/MaR was not significantly reduced (hypothermia: 40.5% [interquartile range: 29.3% to 57.8%; control: 46.6% [interquartile range: 37.8% to 63.4%]; relative reduction 13%; p = 0.15). The incidence of heart failure was lower with hypothermia at 45 ± 15 days (3% vs. 14%, p < 0.05), with no mortality. Exploratory analysis of early anterior infarctions (0 to 4 h) found a reduction in IS/MaR of 33% (p < 0.05) and an absolute reduction of IS/left ventricular volume of 6.2% (p = 0.15). Hypothermia induced by cold saline and endovascular cooling was feasible and safe, and it rapidly reduced core temperature with minor reperfusion delay. The primary end point of IS/MaR was not significantly reduced. Lower incidence of heart failure and a possible effect in patients with early anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions need confirmation. (Efficacy of Endovascular Catheter Cooling Combined With Cold

  6. [Radial Approach for Percutaneous Coronary Interventions in Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease: Advantages and Disadvantages, Complications Rate in Comparison With Femoral Approach].

    PubMed

    Fettser, D V; Batyraliev, T A; Pershukov, I V; Vanyukov, A E; Sidorenko, B A

    2017-05-01

    During recent 10-15 years, percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) have reached a new level of efficacy and safety. Rate of serious coronary complications has decreased. That to a greater degree exposes the problem of peripheral complications at the site of arterial approach. At the same time portion of patients older than 75 years in the total pool of PCI constantly increases. Number of patients with pronounced obesity also grows each year. Radial approach for PCI allows to substantially decrease rate of peripheral complications at the account of lowered rate of bleedings, and to shorten duration of hospitalization. In this literature review we present results of a number of relevant clinical studies including those which contained groups of elderly patients and of patients with obesity. We also have summarized main advantages and disadvantages of radial approach as compared with femoral approach for coronary angiography and PCI.

  7. Percutaneous Transhepatic Portography for the Treatment of Early Portal Vein Thrombosis After Surgery

    SciTech Connect

    Adani, Gian Luigi, E-mail: adanigl@hotmail.com; Baccarani, Umberto; Risaliti, Andrea

    2007-11-15

    We treated three cases of early portal vein thrombosis (PVT) by minimally invasive percutaneous transhepatic portography. All patients developed PVT within 30 days of major hepatic surgery (one case each of orthotopic liver transplantation, splenectomy in a previous liver transplant recipient, and right extended hepatectomy with resection and reconstruction of the left branch of the portal vein for tumor infiltration). In all cases minimally invasive percutaneous transhepatic portography was adopted to treat this complication by mechanical fragmentation and pharmacological lysis of the thrombus. A vascular stent was also positioned in the two cases in which the thrombosis was related tomore » a surgical technical problem. Mechanical fragmentation of the thrombus with contemporaneous local urokinase administration resulted in complete removal of the clot and allowed restoration of normal blood flow to the liver after a median follow-up of 37 months. PVT is an uncommon but severe complication after major surgery or liver transplantation. Surgical thrombectomy, with or without reconstruction of the portal vein, and retransplantation are characterized by important surgical morbidity and mortality. Based on our experience, minimally invasive percutaneous transhepatic portography should be considered an option toward successful recanalization of early PVT after major liver surgery including transplantation. Balloon dilatation and placement of a vascular stent could help to decrease the risk of recurrent thrombosis when a defective surgical technique is the reason for the thrombosis.« less

  8. QRS Score at Presentation Electrocardiogram Is Correlated With Infarct Size and Mortality in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients Undergoing Primary