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Sample records for early postoperative serum

  1. [Serum estradiol levels in early postoperative period after surgical castration--the influence of estrogen replacement therapy].

    PubMed

    Janeczek, L; Paszkowski, T; Sikorski, R; Baszak, E; Milart, P

    2001-12-01

    In 40 premenopausal women who underwent TAH&BSO serum E2 levels were measured by means of RIA in 3 time points: before the operation, in the postoperative day 2 and in the postoperative day 3. In 20 of the subjects the ERT (transdermal estradiol 0.1 g/24 h) was introduced in the 2 postoperative day. In the postoperative day 2 the average serum E2 decreased by nearly 90% as compared to the preoperative values. Twenty four hours after the application of the transdermal E2 patch, the estradiol level returned to the values insignificantly different from the preoperative ones.

  2. Early postoperative serum S100β levels predict ongoing brain damage after meningioma surgery: a prospective observational study

    PubMed Central

    Einav, Sharon; Shoshan, Yigal; Ovadia, Haim; Matot, Idit; Hersch, Moshe; Itshayek, Eyal

    2006-01-01

    Introduction Elevated serum levels of S100β, an astrocyte-derived protein, correlate with unfavourable neurological outcomes following cardiac surgery, neurotrauma, and resuscitation. This study evaluated whether pre-/postoperative serum S100β levels correlate with unfavourable clinical and radiological findings in patients undergoing elective meningioma resection. Methods In 52 consecutive patients admitted for meningioma surgery, serum S100β levels were determined upon admission and immediately, 24 hours, and 48 hours after surgery. All patients underwent complete pre- and postoperative neurological examination and mini-mental state examination. Radiological evaluation included preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and postoperative computed tomography. Tumour volume, brain edema, and bleeding volume were calculated using BrainSCAN™ software. Results Preoperative S100β levels did not correlate with the tumour characteristics demonstrated by preoperative MRI (for example, tumour volume, edema volume, ventricular asymmetry, and/or midline shift). Preoperative serum S100β levels (0.065 ± 0.040 μg/l) were significantly lower than the levels measured immediately (0.138 ± 0.081 μg/l), 24 hours (0.142 ± 0.084 μg/l), and 48 hours (0.155 ± 0.119 μg/l) postoperatively (p < 0.0001). Significantly greater postcraniotomy S100β levels were observed with prolonged surgery (p = 0.039), deterioration in the mini-mental state examination (p = 0.005, 0.011, and 0.036 for pre versus immediate, 24 hours, and 48 hours postsurgery, respectively), and with postoperative brain computed tomography evidence of brain injury; bleeding was associated with higher serum S100β levels at 24 and 48 hours after surgery (p = 0.046, 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.095 to -0.001 and p = 0.034, 95% CI -0.142 to -0.006, respectively) as was the presence of midline shift (p = 0.005, 95% CI -0.136 to -0.025 and p = 0.006, 95% CI -0.186 to -0.032, respectively). Edema was

  3. Combining early postoperative parathyroid hormone and serum calcium levels allows for an efficacious selective post-thyroidectomy supplementation treatment.

    PubMed

    Raffaelli, Marco; De Crea, Carmela; Carrozza, Cinzia; D'Amato, Gerardo; Zuppi, Cecilia; Bellantone, Rocco; Lombardi, Celestino P

    2012-06-01

    Optimal treatment protocol to prevent symptomatic hypocalcemia following total thyroidectomy is still matter of debate. We prospectively evaluated the efficacy of a selective supplementation protocol based on both early postoperative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and serum calcium levels. Two hundred thirty consecutive patients were divided in three different groups of treatment according to iPTH levels 4 h after total thyroidectomy (4 h-iPTH) and serum calcium levels in the first postoperative day (1PO-Ca): group A (4 h-iPTH > 10 pg/ml, 1PO-Ca ≥ 8.5 mg/dl), no treatment; group B (4 h-iPTH > 10 pg/ml, 1PO-Ca < 8.5 mg/dl), oral calcium (OC) 3 g per day; and group C (4 h-iPTH ≤ 10 pg/ml), OC 3 g + calcitriol (VD) 1 μg per day. Development of biochemical and/or symptomatic hypocalcemia was evaluated. Fifty-nine patients (25.6%) had subnormal 4 h-iPTH levels (≤10 pg/ml) (group C). Among patients with normal 4 h-iPTH levels, 25 (10.9%) had subnormal 1PO-Ca (<8.5 mg/dl) (group B). The remaining 146 patients (63.5%) had normal 4 h-iPTH and 1PO-Ca levels (group A). One patient in group A, 2 in group B, and 18 in group C developed biochemical hypocalcemia. Only one patient in group C experienced major symptoms. Treatment was discontinued within 1 month in all the patients in group B. At a mean follow-up of 303 days, five patients in group C were still under supplementation treatment. The proposed supplementation protocol seems efficacious in preventing symptomatic hypocalcemia. It could allow a safe and early discharge of most patients, thus avoiding the constraints and the costs of routine supplementation.

  4. Serum neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin during the early postoperative period predicts the recovery of graft function after kidney transplantation from donors after cardiac death.

    PubMed

    Kusaka, Mamoru; Iwamatsu, Fumi; Kuroyanagi, Yoko; Nakaya, Miho; Ichino, Manabu; Marubashi, Shigeru; Nagano, Hiroaki; Shiroki, Ryoichi; Kurahashi, Hiroki; Hoshinaga, Kiyotaka

    2012-06-01

    Kidneys procured from donors after cardiac death hold great potential to expand the donor pool. However, they have not yet been fully used, in part due to the high incidence of delayed graft function. Although urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin is a well-known early biomarker for renal injury after kidney transplantation, its usefulness is limited in cases with delayed graft function because of the unavailability of a urine sample. We evaluated serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin as a potential biomarker to predict the functional recovery of kidneys transplanted from donors after cardiac death. Consecutive patients transplanted with a kidney from a living related (39), brain dead (1) or post-cardiac death (27) donor were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Serum samples were collected serially before and after kidney transplantation. Serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin was measured using the ARCHITECT® assay. Average serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin was markedly high during the pre transplantation period. It decreased rapidly after transplantation. The slope of the decrease correlated well with the recovery period. By analyzing ROC curves we determined cutoffs to predict immediate, slow or delayed graft function requiring hemodialysis for longer than 1 week with high sensitivity and specificity. These data suggest that serial monitoring of serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin may allow us to predict graft recovery and the need for hemodialysis after kidney transplantation from a donor after cardiac death. Copyright © 2012 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Early postoperative basal serum GH level and the GH response to TRH in relation to the long-term outcome of surgical treatment for acromegaly: a report on 39 patients.

    PubMed

    Valdemarsson, S; Bramnert, M; Cronquist, S; Elner, A; Eneroth, C M; Hedner, P; Lindvall-Axelsson, M; Nordström, C H; Strömblad, L G

    1991-07-01

    During a 10-year period 39 patients with acromegaly, aged 23-73 years, underwent selective adenomectomy via a trans-sphenoidal or transfrontal (one case) approach. Six to 12 months after the operation, the serum level of growth hormone (GH) was reduced to less than 5 micrograms l-1 in 28 patients (74%) in at least two of three random samples and/or suppressed to less than 3 micrograms l-1 during an oral glucose load, thus fulfilling the commonly used criteria for a successful operation. In 10 patients these criteria for adequate GH reduction were not fulfilled, but their median S-GH level was reduced from 38 to 11 micrograms l-1 (P less than 0.01) after the operation. Surgery was successful in 11 of 13 (85%) patients with a microadenoma (less than 10 mm in diameter), in 10 of 14 (71%) patients with an adenoma of diameter greater than 10 mm but still enclosed in the sella, and in seven of 11 (64%) patients with locally invasive tumours. Impaired pituitary function was observed in 23% of the patients after surgery, independent of tumour size. In one patient the postoperative period was complicated by a lethal intracranial infection. During follow-up for 1-10 years, four patients relapsed, after 1, 1.5, 6 and 9 years, respectively. Patients for whom surgery appeared to have been ineffective at the evaluation 6-12 months postoperatively, or who later relapsed were identified by early (within 7 d) postoperative serum GH with a sensitivity of 90%. The accuracy for identification of a satisfactory outcome of surgery was 85%, and the predictive value was 90%. The corresponding values for the GH response to TRH measured 6-12 months postoperatively were 47, 40 and 54%, respectively. It is concluded that the basal level of serum GH measured 1-7 d postoperatively has higher sensitivity and specificity than the GH response to TRH 6-12 months postoperatively for evaluation of the effect of surgery on GH overproduction, and that it has a higher predictive power with regard to the

  6. Postoperative bezoar ileus after early enteral feeding.

    PubMed

    Dedes, Konstantin J; Schiesser, Marc; Schäfer, Markus; Clavien, Pierre-Alain

    2006-01-01

    Postoperative enteral nutrition is a widely accepted route of application for nutrition formulas due to a low complication rate, a good acceptance by patients. and a favorable cost-effectiveness. We report three cases of bezoar ileus after early postoperative enteral nutrition, using a fine needle jejunostomy (FNJ) in two cases and a nasoduodenal tube in one case. A male patient who underwent gastric resection for a gastrointestinal stroma tumor and was nourished through an fine needle jejunostomy developed an acute abdomen on the seventh postoperative day. Surgical exploration revealed a mechanical ileus caused by denaturated nutrition formula distal to the catheter tip. The second case, a female patient, underwent gastric resection for a gastric cancer and on the fourth postoperative day developed acute onset of abdominal pain. Intraoperative findings were the same as described in the first case. The third case, a male patient with necrotizing cholecystitis, underwent open cholecystectomy. Postoperative enteral feeding was performed using a nasoduodenal tube. He developed a small bowel obstruction on the 17th postoperative day that was caused by an intraluminal bezoar. In conclusion, bezoar formation represents an underestimated complication of postoperative enteral feeding. Acute onset of abdominal pain and the development of small bowel obstruction are the main clinical symptoms of this severe complication. The pathogenesis of bezoar formation remains unclear.

  7. Postoperative serum levels of sCD26 for surveillance in colorectal cancer patients.

    PubMed

    De Chiara, Loretta; Rodríguez-Piñeiro, Ana M; Cordero, Oscar J; Vázquez-Tuñas, Lidia; Ayude, Daniel; Rodríguez-Berrocal, Francisco J; de la Cadena, María Páez

    2014-01-01

    One of the main aims of the follow-up after curative resection of colorectal cancer is the early detection and treatment of tumor recurrence. We previously demonstrated decreased preoperative soluble CD26 (sCD26) levels in serum from colorectal cancer patients. We extended now the study to investigate if sCD26 levels in postoperative serum serve as marker of recurrence of the disease during surveillance. Soluble sCD26 was measured in pre- and postoperative serum samples of 43 patients with primary colorectal cancer. Carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen 19.9 and 72.4 levels were also measured during surveillance. The average follow-up period was 41.8 ± 20.8 months. sCD26 levels during follow-up showed well-defined patterns in patients without disease (n = 28), and in patients with tumor persistence (n = 2), local recurrence (n = 3) or distant metastasis (n = 10). Disease-free patients showed stable levels between 460-850 ng/mL during follow-up, while high (over 850 ng/mL) and unstable sCD26 levels were found before recurrence was diagnosed. The mean maximum/minimum sCD26 ratios during surveillance were 1.52, 2.12 and 2.63 for patients with no recurrence, local recurrence and metastasis, respectively (p = 0.005). From the cut-off obtained from a receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve built with the maximum/minimum sCD26 ratios and the upper and lower cut-offs of sCD26, we were able to discriminate patients with and without recurrent disease. We propose that the measurement of serum sCD26 during the follow-up of patients diagnosed of colorectal cancer could be valuable for the early detection of local and distant recurrence. A large, randomized, prospective trial should be performed to confirm our findings.

  8. A Prospective Study of Comparing Multi-Gene Biomarker Chip and Serum Carcinoembryonic Antigen in the Postoperative Surveillance for Patients with Stage I-III Colorectal Cancer.

    PubMed

    Chang, Yu-Tang; Huang, Ming-Yii; Yeh, Yung-Sung; Huang, Ching-Wen; Tsai, Hsiang-Lin; Cheng, Tian-Lu; Wang, Jaw-Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Circulating biomarkers can predict clinical outcomes in colorectal cancer patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of our multigene biomarker chip for detecting circulating tumor cells for postoperative surveillance of stage I-III colorectal cancer patients. In total, 298 stage I-III colorectal cancer patients were analyzed after curative resection between June 2010 and October 2014. During each follow-up, a postoperative surveillance strategy, including ESMO Guidelines Working Group recommendations and the biochip, was used. After a 28.4-month median follow-up, 48 (16.1%) patients had postoperative relapse. Univariate analysis revealed that the postoperative relapse risk factors were rectal tumor, perineural invasion, elevated preoperative and postoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels, and positive biochip results (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analyses revealed that postoperative relapse correlated significantly with elevated postoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels (odds ratio = 4.136, P = 0.008) and positive biochip results (odds ratio = 66.878, P < 0.001). However, the sensitivity (P = 0.003), specificity (P = 0.003), positive (P = 0.002) and negative (P = 0.006) predictive values, and accuracy (P < 0.001) of the biochip for predicting postoperative relapse were significantly higher than those of elevated postoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels. Moreover, the median lead time between positive biochip result and postoperative relapse detection was significantly earlier than that between elevated postoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen level and postoperative relapse detection (10.7 vs. 2.8 months, P < 0.001). Furthermore, positive biochip results correlated strongly with lower disease-free survival and overall survival of colorectal cancer patients (both P < 0.001). Compared with conventional serum carcinoembryonic antigen detection, our multigene chip aided more accurate and earlier prediction of

  9. A Prospective Study of Comparing Multi-Gene Biomarker Chip and Serum Carcinoembryonic Antigen in the Postoperative Surveillance for Patients with Stage I-III Colorectal Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Yu-Tang; Huang, Ming-Yii; Yeh, Yung-Sung; Huang, Ching-Wen; Tsai, Hsiang-Lin; Cheng, Tian-Lu; Wang, Jaw-Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Background Circulating biomarkers can predict clinical outcomes in colorectal cancer patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of our multigene biomarker chip for detecting circulating tumor cells for postoperative surveillance of stage I–III colorectal cancer patients. Materials and Methods In total, 298 stage I–III colorectal cancer patients were analyzed after curative resection between June 2010 and October 2014. During each follow-up, a postoperative surveillance strategy, including ESMO Guidelines Working Group recommendations and the biochip, was used. Results After a 28.4-month median follow-up, 48 (16.1%) patients had postoperative relapse. Univariate analysis revealed that the postoperative relapse risk factors were rectal tumor, perineural invasion, elevated preoperative and postoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels, and positive biochip results (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analyses revealed that postoperative relapse correlated significantly with elevated postoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels (odds ratio = 4.136, P = 0.008) and positive biochip results (odds ratio = 66.878, P < 0.001). However, the sensitivity (P = 0.003), specificity (P = 0.003), positive (P = 0.002) and negative (P = 0.006) predictive values, and accuracy (P < 0.001) of the biochip for predicting postoperative relapse were significantly higher than those of elevated postoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels. Moreover, the median lead time between positive biochip result and postoperative relapse detection was significantly earlier than that between elevated postoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen level and postoperative relapse detection (10.7 vs. 2.8 months, P < 0.001). Furthermore, positive biochip results correlated strongly with lower disease-free survival and overall survival of colorectal cancer patients (both P < 0.001). Conclusion Compared with conventional serum carcinoembryonic antigen detection, our multigene

  10. [Early postoperative hyperlactatemia in patients after surgery under extracorporeal circulation].

    PubMed

    Bakanov, A Iu; Naĭmushin, A V; Mikhaĭlov, A P; Khudonogova, S V; Kadyshkina, E B; Malaia, E Ia; Bel'ianinova, I V; Polianitsa, A V; Shatalkin, I V

    2009-01-01

    Metabolic disturbances, such as changes in blood acid-base balance and electrolytic composition; hyperglycemia and hyperlactatemia, are frequent factors that complicate the early postoperative period in patients after cardiac surgery under extracorporeal circulation. The purpose of the study was to estimate the incidence of hyperlactatemia in the early postoperative period and to reveal the predictors of its occurrence. This prospective study was conducted in our center from November 14, 2006, to September 1, 2007. The study covered 270 patients above 15 years of age, who had been operated on for coronary heart disease, acquired heart diseases, and combined lesions of valves and coronary arteries. Hyperlactatemia was observed in a substantial proportion of patients who had been operated on under extracorporeal circulation. Correlation analysis indicated a significant association between the duration of extracorporeal circulation and the magnitude of hyperlactatemia developing in the early postoperative period. Hyperglycemia with a glucose level of > 9 mmol/l is a predictor of the development of hyperglycemia.

  11. Early Postoperative Complications after Oncoplastic Reduction.

    PubMed

    Mattingly, Anne E; Ma, Zhenjun; Smith, Paul D; Kiluk, John V; Khakpour, Nazanin; Hoover, Susan J; Laronga, Christine; Lee, M Catherine

    2017-10-01

    Breast-conserving surgery with adjuvant radiation therapy (BCT) has been established as safe oncologically. Oncoplastic breast surgery uses both oncologic and plastic surgery techniques for breast conservation to improve cosmetic outcomes. We evaluated the risk factors associated with complications after oncoplastic breast reduction. A single-institution, institutional review board-approved, retrospective review of electronic medical records of female patients with breast cancer who underwent oncoplastic breast reduction from 2008 to 2014. A review of electronic medical records collected relevant medical history, clinical and pathological information, and data on postoperative complications within 6 months stratified into major or minor complications. Categorical variables analyzed with the χ(2) exact method; continuous variables were analyzed with the Wilcoxon rank sum test exact method. We identified 59 patients; 4 required re-excision for positive margins, and 1 moved on to completion mastectomy. The overall complication rate was 33.9% (n = 20): 12 major (20.3%) and 8 minor (13.6%). Of the continuous variables (age, body mass index, and tissue removed), increased age was associated with minor complications (P = 0.02). Among the categorical variables (stratified body mass index, prior breast surgery, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, vascular disease, pulmonary disease, and stratified weight of tissue removed), none were associated with overall or major complications. Pulmonary disease was associated with minor complications (P = 0.03). Bilateral versus unilateral oncoplastic breast reduction showed no statistically significant increase in complications. The overall complication rate after oncoplastic breast reduction was markedly higher than that in nationally published data for breast-conserving surgery. The complication rate resembled more closely the complication rate after bilateral mastectomy with immediate reconstruction. No risk factors

  12. Elevated serum lactoferrin and neopterin are associated with postoperative infectious complications in patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury

    PubMed Central

    Du, Gang; Wei, Chengshou; Gu, Song; Tang, Jun

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Several studies have shown that lactoferrin (LF) and neopterin (NT) are correlated with infection. The aim of this study is to determine whether serum levels of LF and NT are associated with postoperative infectious complications in patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury. Material and methods A total of 268 patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury who underwent spinal surgery were enrolled in this study. Serum levels of LF, NT, and C-reactive protein (CRP), in addition to white blood cell count (WBC) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), were measured preoperatively and 24 h postoperatively. Results In total, 22 of 268 patients (8.2%) developed postoperative infectious complications. The levels of serum LF, NT, and CRP were significantly higher in the infected patients than in the non-infected patients. No significant differences were observed in postoperative WBC count and ESR between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that LF (OR: 1.004 (1.002–1.007)), NT (OR: 1.137 (1.054–1.227)), and CRP (OR: 1.023 (1.002–1.044)) were significantly associated with the presence of postoperative infectious complications. The area under receiver operating characteristic curves for LF, NT, and CRP was 0.709, 0.779, and 0.629, respectively. Conclusions Elevated serum concentrations of LF and NT are associated with early infection after surgery. Compared to CRP, elevated levels of LF and NT are better indicators for predicting postoperative infectious complications in patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury. PMID:24273571

  13. [Early postoperative complications after scoliosis surgery].

    PubMed

    Pérez-Caballero Macarrón, C; Burgos Flores, J; Martos Sánchez, I; Pérez Palomino, A; Vázquez Martínez, J L; Alvarez Rojas, E; Fernández Pineda, L; Vellibre Vargas, D

    2006-03-01

    Several medical complications can occur after scoliosis surgery in children and adolescents. New surgical techniques have allowed greater degrees of scoliosis correction but have also increased the possibility of postsurgical deficit due to their greater aggressivity. We analyzed the early postsurgical complications of scoliosis surgery in a pediatric intensive care unit over a 10-year period. Seventy-six surgical procedures were performed. Of these, no complications occurred in 55 (73%). Chest X-ray revealed pulmonary atelectasia in 8 patients (10%) and pleural effusion in 7 patients (9%). Symptoms and signs of infection related to surgery were observed in only 6 children (8%). The absence of severe medical complications may be related to new surgical techniques and an experienced team.

  14. Early Postoperative Pain After Keyless Abdominal Rope-Lifting Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Hüseyınoğlu, Ürfettin; Çıçek, Melek

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery is a novel, gasless, single-incision laparoscopic surgical technique. In this study we aimed to compare the postoperative pain from keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery with carbon dioxide laparoscopy performed for benign ovarian cysts. Methods: During a 20-month period, 77 women underwent surgery for a benign ovarian cyst. Keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery and conventional carbon dioxide laparoscopy techniques were used for the operations in 32 women and 45 women, respectively. The 2 operative techniques were compared with regard to demographic characteristics; preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data including early postoperative pain scores; and frequency of shoulder pain and analgesic requirements. Results: Data regarding demographic characteristics, preoperative findings, cyst diameters and rupture rates, intra-abdominal adhesions, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative hospital stay did not differ between groups (P > .05). However, the mean operative and abdominal access times were significantly longer in the keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery group (P < .05). Visual analog scale pain scores at initially and at the second, fourth, and 24th hours of the postoperative period were significantly lower in the keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery group (P < .05). Similarly, keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery caused significantly less shoulder pain and additional analgesic use (P < .05). Conclusion: Keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery seems to cause less pain in the management of benign ovarian cysts in comparison with conventional carbon dioxide laparoscopy. PMID:25848177

  15. Early postoperative outcomes in lumpectomy versus simple mastectomy.

    PubMed

    Chatterjee, Abhishek; Pyfer, Bryan; Czerniecki, Brian; Rosenkranz, Kari; Tchou, Julia; Fisher, Carla

    2015-09-01

    Relatively scarce outcomes research exists that compares early postoperative complications between breast conservation surgery (BCS) and simple mastectomy (SM). Such information would improve a surgeon's ability to provide informed consent when considering treatment options, especially for women with early stage breast cancer who have the option to receive either BCS or SM. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from years 2009-2012 was analyzed. For each treatment group, we used Current Procedural Terminology codes specific to the treatment modality with sentinel lymph node biopsy as an inclusion criteria. We excluded patients who received axillary lymphadenectomies, bilateral disease or symmetry procedures, and additional breast reconstructive surgery. We compared each group with chi square and two-sample t-tests to look for preoperative comorbidity differences, then used unadjusted odds ratios to compare postoperative complication rates. Inclusion and exclusion criteria provided 6682 patients in the BCS group and 3339 patients in the SM group. Baseline comorbid condition characteristics showed no clinical differences between groups except for diabetes (8.5% in SM versus 6.5% in BCS). Statistical analysis between each treatment modality revealed that the SM group had significantly higher wound complications, bleeding, infections, and overall complications than the BCS group. Although both BCS and SM options have low early postoperative complication rates when treating early stage breast cancer, BCS has fewer complications with regard to bleeding, wound complications and infections. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Elevated postoperative serum procalcitonin is not indicative of bacterial infection in cardiac surgical patients.

    PubMed

    Chakravarthy, Murali; Kavaraganahalli, Deepak; Pargaonkar, Sumant; Hosur, Rajathadri; Harivelam, Chidananda; Bharadwaj, Ashwin; Raghunathan, Aditi

    2015-01-01

    Identifying infections early, commencing appropriate empiric antibiotic not only helps gain control early, but also reduces mortality and morbidity. Conventional cultures take about 5 days to identify infections. To identify the infections early biomarker like serum procalcitonin (SPC). We studied the correlation of an elevated level of SPC and positive culture in elective adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. This prospective study was conducted from January to December 2013. SPC was checked in patients showing evidence of sepsis. Simultaneously, relevant culture was also undertaken. Correlation, specificity, and sensitivity of elevated SPC were checked. A total of 819 adult patients were included in the study. 43 of them had signs of infection and SPC levels were checked. Based on the level of SPC criteria, 10 patients were diagnosed as "nil", out of them, 4 had culture-positive infections, 17 were suggested to have "mild infection," 3 out those had culture positivity. None among the eleven patients suggested to have "moderate infection," had a positive culture, and one among the five suggested to have a severe infection had a positive culture. The sensitivity was 50% and the specificity 17%. The positive predictive value was 12% and the negative predictive value 60%. We failed to elicit positive correlation between elevated SPC levels and postoperative infection in cardio surgical patients.

  17. Relation between serum creatinine and postoperative results of open-heart surgery.

    PubMed

    Ezeldin, Tamer H

    2013-10-01

    To determine the impact of preoperative serum creatinine level in non-dialyzable patients on postoperative morbidity and mortality. This is a prospective study, where serum creatinine was used to give primary assessment on renal function status preoperatively. This study includes 1,033 patients, who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting, or valve(s) operations. The study took place at Al-Hada Military Hospital, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi between May 2008 and January 2012. Data were statistically analyzed using Chi square (x2) test and multivariable logistic regression, to evaluate the postoperative morbidity and mortality risks associated with low serum creatinine levels. Postoperative mortality increased with high serum creatinine level >1.8 mg/dL (ppostoperative renal failure, prolonged ventilatory support, ICU stay, and total hospital stay. Perioperative serum creatinine is strongly related to post operative morbidity and mortality in open heart surgery. High serum creatinine in non-dialyzable patients can predict the increased morbidity and mortality after cardiac operations.

  18. A comparison of postoperative early enteral nutrition with delayed enteral nutrition in patients with esophageal cancer.

    PubMed

    Wang, Gongchao; Chen, Hongbo; Liu, Jun; Ma, Yongchen; Jia, Haiyong

    2015-06-02

    We examined esophageal cancer patients who received enteral nutrition (EN) to evaluate the validity of early EN compared to delayed EN, and to determine the appropriate time to start EN. A total of 208 esophagectomy patients who received EN postoperatively were divided into three groups (Group 1, 2 and 3) based on whether they received EN within 48 h, 48 h-72 h or more than 72 h, respectively. The postoperative complications, length of hospital stay (LOH), days for first fecal passage, cost of hospitalization, and the difference in serum albumin values between pre-operation and post-operation were all recorded. The statistical analyses were performed using the t-test, the Mann-Whitney U test and the chi square test. Statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05. Group 1 had the lowest thoracic drainage volume, the earliest first fecal passage, and the lowest LOH and hospitalization expenses of the three groups. The incidence of pneumonia was by far the highest in Group 3 (p = 0.019). Finally, all the postoperative outcomes of nutritional conditions were the worst by a significant margin in Group 3. It is therefore safe and valid to start early enteral nutrition within 48 h for postoperative esophageal cancer patients.

  19. Early diagnosis of acute postoperative renal transplant rejection

    SciTech Connect

    Tisdale, P.L.; Collier, B.D.; Kauffman, H.M.; Adams, M.B.; Isitman, A.T.; Hellman, R.S.; Rao, S.A.; Joestgen, T.; Krohn, L.

    1985-05-01

    A prospective evaluation of In-111 labeled autologous platelet scintigraphy for the early diagnosis of acute postoperative renal transplant rejection was undertaken. To date, 28 consecutive patients between 7 and 14 days post-op have been injected with 500..mu..Ci of In-111 platelets followed by imaging at 24 and 48 hours. Activity within the renal transplant exceeding activity in the adjacent iliac vessels was considered to be evidence of rejection, and both chemical evidence and clinical impression of rejection at 5 days after completion of imaging was accepted as proof of ongoing or incipient rejection at the time of scintigraphy. In addition, to visual inspection, independent quantitative analysis compared the area-normalized activity over the transplant with the adjacent iliac vessels (normal <1.0). For 5 patients, positive In-111 scintigraphy was present before convincing clinical evidence of rejection. In-111 platelet scintigraphy is useful not only to confirm the clinical diagnosis of rejection but also to establish the early, pre-clinical diagnosis of incipient acute postoperative renal transplant rejection.

  20. Early postoperative acetabular discontinuity after total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Desai, Gaurav; Ries, Michael D

    2011-12-01

    Periprosthetic acetabular fracture is a rare complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, we have treated 2 patients with acute postoperative acetabular discontinuity that occurred 2 and 3 weeks after primary THA. Both fractures were in elderly osteoporotic female patients with minimal trauma and may have developed from unrecognized intraoperative fractures. Pelvic stability was restored with acetabular revision using medial morselized bone grafting and a cemented reconstruction cage. This report demonstrates that early postoperative periprosthetic acetabular discontinuity after THA is a risk in elderly patients with severe osteoporosis and that salvage of acetabular fixation can be achieved with cemented cage reconstruction and medial morselized bone grafting. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Significance of serum potassium level monitoring during the course of post-operative rehabilitation in patients with hypokalemia.

    PubMed

    Lu, Guanzhen; Xu, Lingfang; Zhong, Yan; Shi, Ping; Shen, Xuhui

    2014-04-01

    Our objective was to evaluate the significance of pre-hospital and post-operative serum potassium level monitoring and hypokalemia intervention in laparotomy patients with hypokalemia. A total of 118 laparotomy patients with hypokalemia were randomly divided into an intervention group (N = 60) and a control group (N = 58). Blood samples were collected for measurement of potassium levels at various time points (pre-admission, admission, 24 h and 48 h post-operation) for both groups. Hypokalemia interventions were administered to patients in the intervention group in the pre-admission period and the post-operative period. Visceral dynamics were assessed after laparotomy in both groups. Average serum potassium levels at admission, time period of drinking, and time of first bowel sound after laparotomy differed significantly (p < 0.001) between the two groups. Average serum potassium levels, first time of defecation, urination, and ambulation at 24 h and 48 h post-operation differed significantly (p < 0.05) between the two groups. An optimal pathway of serum potassium monitoring not only saves limited ward space but also allows for early correction of hypokalemia in patients undergoing laparotomy.

  2. [THE RISK FACTORS OF LETHAL COMPLICATIONS IN EARLY POSTOPERATIVE PERIOD IN PATIENTS, SUFFERING GASTROESOPHAGEAL ZONE MALIGNANCIES].

    PubMed

    Dumanskiy, Yu V; Stepko, V A; Sinyachenko, O V

    2016-02-01

    Abstract The factors, determining possibility of early postoperative morbidity occurrence in patients, suffering gastro-esophageal zone cancer, were analyzed. After radical operation performance (gastrectomy, gastric and esophageal resection) 5.7% patients died. Insufficience of the anastomosis sutures with peritonitis occurrence, an acute hepato-renal insufficience, an acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary thromboembolism, pneumonia, the brain insult, pancreonecrosis and mesenterial thrombosis constituted the main morbidities. The complications occurrence depends upon the tumoral process course severity, morphological variant of cancer, presence of concomitant diaphragmatic hernia and the blood rheological properties. Initially high indices of the blood sera present a rheological properties of blood serum may serve as a prognostic criterion of the postoperative complications occurrence in the patients.

  3. Orthostatic intolerance and the cardiovascular response to early postoperative mobilization.

    PubMed

    Bundgaard-Nielsen, M; Jørgensen, C C; Jørgensen, T B; Ruhnau, B; Secher, N H; Kehlet, H

    2009-06-01

    A key element in enhanced postoperative recovery is early mobilization which, however, may be hindered by orthostatic intolerance, that is, an inability to sit or stand because of symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion as intolerable dizziness, nausea and vomiting, feeling of heat, or blurred vision. We assessed orthostatic tolerance in relation to the postural cardiovascular responses before and shortly after open radical prostatectomy. Orthostatic tolerance and the cardiovascular response to sitting and standing were evaluated on the day before surgery and 6 and 22 h after operation in 16 patients. Non-invasive systolic (SAP) and diastolic arterial pressure (DAP) (Finometer), heart rate, cardiac output (CO, Modelflow), total peripheral resistance (TPR), and central venous oxygen saturation (Scv(O2)) were monitored. Before surgery, no patients had symptoms of orthostatic intolerance. In contrast, 8 (50%) and 2 (12%) patients were orthostatic intolerant at 6 and approximately 22 h after surgery, respectively. Before surgery, SAP, DAP, and TPR increased (P<0.05), whereas CO did not change (P>0.05) and Scv(O2) decreased (P<0.05) upon mobilization. At 6 h after operation, SAP and DAP declined with mobilization (P<0.05) and the arterial pressure response differed from the preoperative response both upon sitting (P<0.05) and standing (P<0.05) due to both impaired TPR and CO. At approximately 22 h, the SAP and DAP responses to mobilization did not differ from the preoperative evaluation (P>0.05). The early postoperative postural cardiovascular response is impaired after radical prostatectomy with a risk of orthostatic intolerance, limiting early postoperative mobilization. The pathogenic mechanisms include both impaired TPR and CO responses.

  4. Interventional radiology in the treatment of early postoperative biliary complications.

    PubMed

    Fonio, P; Cassinis, M C; Rapellino, A; Righi, D; Gandini, G

    2013-04-01

    We sought to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous treatment of early postoperative biliary complications. The primary aims were to evaluate clinical and technical success and complications and perioperative mortality, and secondary aims were to evaluate treatment duration and recurrence rate. Between March 2007 and March 2010, 75 patients (42 men and 33 women; age range, 17-88 years; mean age, 60.8 years) underwent interventional radiology procedures to treat early postoperative biliary complications of biliary and pancreatic-duodenal surgery with biliodigestive anastomosis (37.7%), laparoscopic cholecystectomy (30.6%), hepatic resection (21.1%) and several other surgical procedures (10.6%). Complications included fistulas (73%), stenoses (20%) and complete bile duct transections (7%). Interventional radiology achieved complete clinical success in 74 cases (85.9%) and in particular in 95.2% of fistulas, 76.5% of stenoses and 33.3% of complete bile duct transections. Mean indwelling catheter time was 34.9 days, with an average of 4.1 procedures. There were two cases of severe haemobilia (2.3%). Minor complications occurred in 7% of cases. Perioperative mortality rate was 1.2% and overall recurrence rate 6.7% (range, 1-18 months; mean, 10 months), with recurrences occurring predominantly in stenoses. All patients were retreated successfully. Percutaneous procedures are feasible, effective and safe for treating early postoperative biliary complications. They provide a valuable alternative to presendoscopy, which is precluded in many of these patients, and to surgery, which has higher morbidity and mortality rates.

  5. [Effect of early postoperative use of ACEI/ARB or diuretics on the incidence of acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery in elderly patients].

    PubMed

    Hu, Peng-hua; Chen, Yuan-han; Liang, Xin-ling; Li, Rui-zhao; Li, Zhi-lian; Jiang, Fen; Shi, Wei

    2013-07-01

    To explore the influence of early postoperative use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEI/ARB) or diuretics on acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery in elderly patients. Data from elderly patients (age≥60 years old) who underwent cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation in Guangdong General Hospital between January 2007 and December 2010 were analyzed in this retrospective research. The primary endpoint was AKI as diagnosed according to the serum creatinine criteria of RIFLE (risk, injury, failure, loss, end stage renal disease). The baseline serum creatinine was defined as the latest serum creatinine level before cardiac surgery. Multivariate analysis by logistic regression was used to obtain the independent risk factors for AKI. Among 618 elderly patients, 76 (12.3%) patients received ACEI/ARB during early postoperative period, 491 (79.4%) patients were given diuretics during early postoperative period, and postoperative AKI occurred in 394 (63.8%) patients. The incidence of AKI was 46.1% in patients who received early postoperative ACEI/ARB, and 66.2% in patients who did not (P<0.001). Patients who received diuretics postoperatively were less likely to suffer from AKI compared with patients who did not (57.0% vs. 89.8%, P<0.001). After adjustment of other potential factors of postoperative AKI, logistic regression analysis showed that early postoperative use of ACEI/ARB [odds ratio (OR)=0.131, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) 0.033-0.517, P=0.004], and early postoperative use of diuretics (OR=0.149, 95%CI 0.076-0.291, P<0.001) independently predicted the occurrence of AKI. Early postoperative use of ACEI/ARB or diuretics is associated with a lower incidence of AKI after cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation in elderly patients.

  6. Preoperative anemia impacts early postoperative recovery following autologous breast reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Jonas A; Fischer, John P; Chung, Cyndi U; Fosnot, Joshua; Selber, Jesse C; Serletti, Joseph M; Wu, Liza C

    2014-06-01

    Preoperative anemia impacts a significant portion of breast reconstruction patients, though this does not appear to affect surgical outcomes. The impact of anemia on postoperative physical and mental health, however, is unknown. This study aimed to prospectively evaluate the role of preoperative anemia in recovery after autologous reconstruction. From 2005 to 2010, we prospectively assessed autologous breast reconstruction patients with satisfaction surveys, strength and functional tests, and the short form 36 (SF36). Data was collected preoperatively and at early (<90d), intermediate (90-365d), and late (>365d) follow-up. We stratified patients by presence or lack of preoperative anemia (hemoglobin<12 g/dL). Of 399 patients undergoing reconstruction, 179 enrolled in the study. Anemic patients (n = 31, 17%) had higher rates of preoperative chemotherapy (p = 0.02) and lower rates of radiation (p = 0.001). Preoperatively, anemic patients reported worse physical (p < 0.001), mental (p = 0.003) and overall health (p = 0.0003). These scores worsened postoperatively for anemic and nonanemic patients, though anemic patients had lower average scores in all SF36 categories. This was significant only for early follow-up physical health (p = 0.02). Change in SF36 scores and objective physical exam assessments did not differ between the two cohorts. Though preoperative anemia may not impact surgical outcomes, it adversely impacts the recovery of breast reconstruction patients. Subjective physical health differences were significant in early follow-up, though this did not translate to differences in mental health or satisfaction. We advocate for preoperative optimization of hemoglobin to enhance the early recovery potential of breast reconstruction patients. Copyright © 2014 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. The effects of early postoperative radiation on vascularized bone grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, H.B.; Brown, S.; Hurst, L.N. )

    1991-06-01

    The effects of early postoperative radiation were assessed in free nonvascularized and free vascularized rib grafts in the canine model. The mandibles of one-half of the dogs were exposed to a cobalt 60 radiation dose of 4080 cGy over a 4-week period, starting 2 weeks postoperatively. The patency of vascularized grafts was confirmed with bone scintigraphy. Histological studies, including ultraviolet microscopy with trifluorochrome labeling, and histomorphometric analyses were performed. Osteocytes persist within the cortex of the vascularized nonradiated grafts to a much greater extent than in nonvascularized, nonradiated grafts. Cortical osteocytes do not persist in either vascularized or nonvascularized grafts subjected to radiation. New bone formation is significantly retarded in radiated grafts compared with nonradiated grafts. Periosteum and endosteum remained viable in the radiated vascularized grafts, producing both bone union and increased bone turnover, neither of which were evident to any significant extent in nonvascularized grafts. Bone union was achieved in vascularized and non-vascularized nonradiated bone. In the radiated group of dogs, union was only seen in the vascularized bone grafts.

  8. C-reactive protein level as a possible predictor for early postoperative ileus following elective surgery for colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Fujii, Takaaki; Sutoh, Toshinaga; Kigure, Wakako; Morita, Hiroki; Katoh, Toshihide; Yajima, Reina; Tsutsumi, Soichi; Asao, Takayuki; Kuwano, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    Inflammatory reactions are par- tially responsible for postoperative ileus (POI). Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acknowledged marker of inflammation. In this study the CRP response with respect to POI in elective colorectal surgery was exam- ined to define the role of serum CRP as an early predic- tor of POI. Three hundred eighty-three patients who underwent elective colorectal resection were identified for inclusion in this study. We defined early POI as that occurring within 30 days following the surgery. Thirty-five patients with POI were com- pared to a subgroup of 348 patients with an unevent- ful postoperative course, and the correlation between postoperative serum CRP levels and POI in colorectal surgery was investigated. In the univariate analysis, length of operation, surgical blood loss, and serum CRP were factors significantly associated with POI following colorectal surgery; however, these fac- tors lost their significance on multivariate analysis. Our results suggest that an increase in CRP levels alone is not a predictor for POI following surgery for colorectal surgery. Although inflammatory responses are known to contribute to the ileus, ad- ditional study is required to identify risk factors that would be more useful for prediction of POI.

  9. Serum gastrin level in early childhood.

    PubMed Central

    Sann, L; Chayvialle, A P; Bremond, A; Lambert, R

    1975-01-01

    Serum gastrin concentration was measured in newborns and infants with no gastrointestinal disorders, in the fasting state and after food stimulation. Mean fasting concentration in 14 newborns aged 1 to 12 days (130 . 4 pg/ml +/- 11 . 4 SE) was significantly higher than the mean value in 23 infants aged 1.5 to 22 months (101.4 +/- 6.6 pg/ml). Ingestion of the usual milk meal resulted in a definite rise of the serum gastrin level in the 5 subjects tested (3 newborns and 2 infants). The mean fasting serum gastrin level in 6 babies with hiatus hernia and gastro-oesophageal reflux was found to be no different from the corresponding value in 8 age-matched controls. However, a conspicuously raised fasting gastrin concentration was observed in one infant with lower oesophageal dyskinesia. The results indicate that the release of gastrin and the reactivity of the hormone-producing sites to food stimulation in early life are similar to those in adult humans. No defect of gastrin release was shown in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux. PMID:1244175

  10. Low Serum Albumin Level, Male Sex, and Total Gastrectomy Are Risk Factors of Severe Postoperative Complications in Elderly Gastric Cancer Patients.

    PubMed

    Kang, Sung Chan; Kim, Hyun Il; Kim, Min Gyu

    2016-03-01

    It is well known that old age is a risk factor for postoperative complications. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the risk factors for poor postoperative surgical outcomes in elderly gastric cancer patients. Between January 2006 and December 2015, 247 elderly gastric cancer patients who underwent curative gastrectomy were reviewed. In this study, an elderly patient was defined as a patient aged ≥65 years. All possible variables were used to explore the risk factors for poor early surgical outcomes in elderly gastric cancer patients. Based on multivariate analyses of preoperative risk factors, preoperative low serum albumin level (<3.5 g/dl) and male sex showed statistical significance in predicting severe postoperative complications. Additionally, in an analysis of surgery-related risk factors, total gastrectomy was a risk factor for severe postoperative complications. Our study findings suggest that low serum albumin level, male sex, and total gastrectomy could be risk factors of severe postoperative complications in elderly gastric cancer patients. Therefore, surgeons should work carefully in cases of elderly gastric cancer patients with low preoperative serum albumin level and male sex. We believe that efforts should be made to avoid total gastrectomy in elderly gastric cancer patients.

  11. Significance of postoperative serum thyroglobulin levels in patients with papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas.

    PubMed

    Lin, Jen-Der; Huang, Miau-Ju; Hsu, Brend Ray-Sea; Chao, Tzu-Chieh; Hsueh, Chuen; Liu, Feng-Hsuan; Liou, Miaw-Jene; Weng, Hsiao-Fen

    2002-05-01

    Although there are many factors that affect postoperative serum levels of thyroglobulin (Tg), such levels have been previously used to detect recurrence of papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas. This study was conducted to elucidate the significance of postoperative levels of Tg in patients with clinical presentations of papillary thyroid carcinoma, follicular thyroid carcinomas, or both. To collect data pertaining to patients with thyroid cancer who were treated in Chang Gung Medical Center in Linkou, Taiwan, records relating to a total of 847 patients with pathologically verified papillary or follicular thyroid cancer, all of whom received total thyroidectomy and thyroid remnant ablation with radioactive iodide ((131)I), were studied. To evaluate the clinical significance of postoperative levels of Tg, the patients were categorized into three groups based on postoperative Tg level. Group A was classified as those demonstrating a 1-month postoperative Tg levels less than 1 ng/ml. Group B patients were classified as those displaying a 1-month postoperative Tg levels greater than or equal to 1 ng/ml, but less than 10 ng/ml. Group C patients were classified as those exhibiting a 1-month postoperative Tg levels great than or equal to 10 ng/ml. Of the patients in group A, none presented with distant metastases at the time of diagnosis or during the follow-up period. In group B, 15 patients (3.5%) died of thyroid cancer. In this group, tumor size was an important factor in cancer-related mortality, diagnostic clinical class, and follow-up status. Of the 491 patients in group C, 49 (10.0%) patients died of thyroid cancer. Among the patients in group C, age, histopathologic type, stage of diagnosis, and follow-up Tg values were important factors. Among groups A, B, and C, there were 161 (95.8%), 253 (76.4%), and 129 (37.1%) patients, respectively, with disease-free status at the end of 1998. Postoperative serum Tg levels can be used as a prognostic indicator in

  12. Usefulness of drain amylase, serum C-reactive protein levels and body temperature to predict postoperative pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy.

    PubMed

    Hiyoshi, Masahide; Chijiiwa, Kazuo; Fujii, Yoshiro; Imamura, Naoya; Nagano, Motoaki; Ohuchida, Jiro

    2013-10-01

    Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a worrisome and life-threatening complication. Recently, early drain removal has been recommended as a means of preventing POPF. The present study sought to determine how to distinguish clinical POPF from non-clinical POPF in the early postoperative period after PD to aid in early drain removal. From March 2002 through December 2010, 176 patients underwent PD and were enrolled in this study to examine factors predictive of clinical POPF after PD. POPF was defined and classified according to the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery guideline, and grade B/C POPF was defined as clinical POPF. Grade A POPF occurred in 39 (22.2 %) patients, grade B in 19 (10.8 %) patients, and grade C in 11 (6.3 %) patients. Clinical POPF (grade B/C) occurred in 17.1 % of patients. Multivariate analysis revealed male gender and body mass index (BMI) ≥22.5 kg/m(2) to be the independent preoperative risk factors predictive of POPF. Receiver operating characteristic curves showed that the combination of drain amylase ≥750 IU/L, C-reactive protein (CRP) ≥20 mg/dL, and body temperature ≥37.5 °C on postoperative day 3 could effectively distinguish clinical POPF from non-clinical POPF. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 84.6, 98.2, and 95.7 %, respectively. Male gender and BMI ≥22.5 were the independent preoperative predictive risk factors for POPF. We assume that when amylase is <750 IU/L, serum CRP is <20 mg/dL, and body temperature is <37.5 °C the drain can safely be removed, even if POPF is indicated.

  13. Risk of postoperative hemorrhage after intracranial surgery after early nadroparin administration: results of a prospective study.

    PubMed

    Gerlach, Rüdiger; Scheuer, Timm; Beck, Jürgen; Woszczyk, Alina; Seifert, Volker; Raabe, Andreas

    2003-11-01

    Early postoperative pharmacological prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis after intracranial surgery is still a matter of debate because of concerns regarding the formation of postoperative hematoma. The objective of this study was to prospectively analyze the rate of postoperative hemorrhage during a 3-year period of early postoperative administration of the low molecular weight heparin nadroparin (Fraxiparin) plus compression stockings in a large cohort of patients undergoing intracranial surgery. A total of 2823 intracranial neurosurgical procedures, performed between June 1999 and 2002, were studied. Of these operations, 1319 (46.7%) were major intracranial surgical procedures (Group 1). Group 2 comprised 1504 operations (53.3%) considered to be minor surgical procedures (e.g., shunt procedures, biopsies). All patients except those with transnasal transsphenoidal removal of pituitary tumors underwent early postoperative imaging (computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging) to determine postoperative hemorrhage. All significant postoperative hematomas (defined as those requiring surgical evacuation because of relevant space occupation and/or neurological deterioration) were treated surgically. Prophylaxis of venous thromboembolic events included early (<24 h) postoperative administration of 0.3 ml nadroparin subcutaneously plus intra- and postoperative compression stockings until discharge. Forty-three major postoperative hemorrhages (1.5%) were observed after 2823 intracranial procedures (95% confidence interval, 1.1-2.05). Forty-two (3.2%) of 1319 postoperative hematomas occurred in patients undergoing major intracranial procedures (Group 1). There was only 1 (0.07%) significant hemorrhage after 1504 minor intracranial procedures (Group 2). A subgroup analysis of patients who needed preoperative anticoagulation because of medical comorbidity did not reveal an increased frequency of postoperative hematoma when anticoagulation was stopped 24 hours before

  14. EARLY POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS

    PubMed Central

    STOLL, Aluisio; ROSIN, Leandro; DIAS, Mariana Fernandes; MARQUIOTTI, Bruna; GUGELMIN, Giovana; STOLL, Gabriela Fanezzi

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common bariatric surgery and leads to considerable weight loss in the first months. Aim: To quantify the main early postoperative complications in patients submitted to the gastric bypass. Method: Observational retrospective cohort. Data of 1051 patients with class II obesity associated with comorbidities or class III obesity submitted to the gastric bypass with 30 days of follow-up starting from the date of the surgery. Results: The age average was 36 years with a predominance of females (81.1%). The mean preoperative body mass index was 43 kg/m². The major complication was fistula (2.3%), followed by intestinal obstruction (0.5%) and pulmonary embolism (0.5%). Death occurred in 0.6% of the cases. Conclusion: In the period of 30 days after surgery the overall complication rate was 3.8%; reoperation was necessary in 2.6% and death occurred in 0.6%. Fistula was the main complication and the leading cause of hospitalization in intensive care unit, reoperation and death. PMID:27683781

  15. Early post-operative morbidity following tonsillectomy in children: implications for day surgery.

    PubMed

    Panarese, A; Clarke, R W; Yardley, M P

    1999-12-01

    Adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy are amongst the most commonly performed surgical procedures. In our prospective study we looked at early post-operative morbidity (haemorrhage, vomiting and pyrexia) in 521 consecutive children following tonsillectomy, adenotonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. While the incidence of reactionary haemorrhage is low, pyrexia and vomiting are common. The implications of this high early post-operative morbidity for day surgery are discussed.

  16. Correlation between Serum Level of Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 and Postoperative Recurrence of Spinal Tuberculosis in the Chinese Han Population

    PubMed Central

    He, Dan; Zhang, Xiaolu; Gao, Qile; Huang, Rongfu; Deng, Zhansheng; Guo, Chaofeng; Guo, Qiang; Huang, Jia; Zhang, Hongqi

    2015-01-01

    Objective To correlate serum level of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) with postoperative recurrence of spinal tuberculosis in the Chinese Han population. Methods Patients of Han nationality with newly diagnosed spinal tuberculosis were consecutively included in this study. At different time points postoperatively, serum level of MCP-1 was determined using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Recurrence of spinal tuberculosis after surgery and during the follow-up period was recorded. The correlation between serum MCP-1 level and recurrence of spinal tuberculosis was analyzed. Results A total of 169 patients with spinal tuberculosis were included in the study and followed up for an average of2.2±1.3 years (range, 1–5 years). Of these patients, 11 had postoperative recurrence of spinal tuberculosis. The patients’ serum level of MCP-1 increased significantly after postoperative recurrence of spinal tuberculosis. Once the symptoms of recurrence were cured, the serum level of MCP-1 decreased significantly and it did not differ from patients without disease recurrence. Conclusion Postoperative recurrence of spinal tuberculosis is likely to increase the serum level of MCP-1. PMID:25962150

  17. [Immunity status in early postoperative complications in children with anomalies of kidneys and upper urinary tract].

    PubMed

    Panikratov, K D; Polozov, V V; Strel'nikov, A I; Sotnikova, N Iu

    2001-01-01

    31 children aged 1 to 9 years with malformations of the kidneys and upper urinary tracts were preoperatively examined for immune status. After plastic operation 14 children developed early postoperative infectious-inflammatory complications. It is suggested that early postoperative complications in some children with renal and upper urinary tract maldevelopments may arise because of weak compensatory abilities and immunodeficiency resultant from the operative stress. These created favourable conditions for activation of latent infection. Immunological assessment of the patient prior to surgery predicts early postoperative complications and thus enables proper preventive measures.

  18. EARLY POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS.

    PubMed

    Stoll, Aluisio; Rosin, Leandro; Dias, Mariana Fernandes; Marquiotti, Bruna; Gugelmin, Giovana; Stoll, Gabriela Fanezzi

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common bariatric surgery and leads to considerable weight loss in the first months. To quantify the main early postoperative complications in patients submitted to the gastric bypass. Observational retrospective cohort. Data of 1051 patients with class II obesity associated with comorbidities or class III obesity submitted to the gastric bypass with 30 days of follow-up starting from the date of the surgery. The age average was 36 years with a predominance of females (81.1%). The mean preoperative body mass index was 43 kg/m². The major complication was fistula (2.3%), followed by intestinal obstruction (0.5%) and pulmonary embolism (0.5%). Death occurred in 0.6% of the cases. In the period of 30 days after surgery the overall complication rate was 3.8%; reoperation was necessary in 2.6% and death occurred in 0.6%. Fistula was the main complication and the leading cause of hospitalization in intensive care unit, reoperation and death. Bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux é uma das operações bariátricas mais comuns e leva a perdas consideráveis de peso já nos primeiros meses. Quantificar as principais complicações pós-operatórias precoces em pacientes submetidos ao bypass gástrico. Coorte retrospectiva observacional. Amostra de 1051 pacientes portadores de obesidade grau II associada à comorbidades ou grau III submetidos ao bypass gástrico com acompanhamento de 30 dias a partir da data da operação. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 36 anos com predominância de mulheres (81,1%). O índice de massa corporal pré-operatório médio foi de 43 kg/m². A principal complicação foi fístula (2,3%), seguida de obstrução intestinal (0,5%) e tromboembolismo pulmonar (0,5%). Óbito ocorreu em 0,6% dos casos. No período de 30 dias de pós-operatório a taxa geral de complicações foi de 3,8%; a de reoperação de 2,6% e óbito em 0,6%. A fístula foi a principal complicação e a principal causa de internamento em

  19. Elevation of serum urokinase plasminogen activator receptor and liver stiffness in postoperative biliary atresia

    PubMed Central

    Udomsinprasert, Wanvisa; Honsawek, Sittisak; Jirathanathornnukul, Napaphat; Chongsrisawat, Voranush; Poovorawan, Yong

    2016-01-01

    AIM To investigate serum urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and liver stiffness in biliary atresia (BA) and examine the correlation of circulating uPAR, liver stiffness, and clinical outcomes in postoperative BA children. METHODS Eighty-five postKasai BA children and 24 control subjects were registered. Circulating uPAR was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent essay. Liver stiffness was analyzed using transient elastography. RESULTS BA children had significantly greater circulating uPAR and liver stiffness scores than control subjects (P < 0.001). Circulating uPAR and liver stiffness were substantially higher in jaundiced BA children than non-jaundiced BA children (P < 0.001). In addition, circulating uPAR was positively associated with serum aspartate aminotransferase (r = 0.507, P < 0.001), alanine aminotransferase (r = 0.364, P < 0.001), total bilirubin (r = 0.559, P < 0.001), alkaline phosphatase (r = 0.325, P < 0.001), and liver stiffness scores (r = 0.508, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION Circulating uPAR and liver stiffness values were greater in BA children than healthy controls. The increased circulating uPAR was associated with liver dysfunction in BA. As a consequence, serum uPAR and liver stiffness may be used as noninvasive biomarkers indicating the progression of liver fibrosis in postKasai BA. PMID:27957246

  20. Pre-operative serum alkaline phosphatase as a predictive indicator of post-operative hypocalcaemia in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy.

    PubMed

    Miah, M S; Mahendran, S; Mak, C; Leese, G; Smith, D

    2015-11-01

    This study aimed to evaluate whether a pre-operative elevated serum alkaline phosphatase level is a potential predictor of post-operative hypocalcaemia after total thyroidectomy. Data was retrospectively collected from the case notes of patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy. Patients were divided into Graves' disease and non-Graves' groups. Pre-operative and post-operative biochemical markers, including serum calcium, alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone levels, were reviewed. A total of 225 patients met the inclusion criteria. Graves' disease was the most common indication (n = 134; 59.5 per cent) for thyroidectomy. Post-operative hypocalcaemia developed in 48 patients (21.3 per cent) and raised pre-operative serum alkaline phosphatase was noted in 94 patients (41.8 per cent). Raised pre-operative serum alkaline phosphatase was significantly associated with post-operative hypocalcaemia, particularly in Graves' disease patients (p < 0.05). Pre-operative serum alkaline phosphatase measurements help to predict post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia, especially in patients who do not develop hypoparathyroidism. Ascertaining the pre-operative serum alkaline phosphatase level in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy may help surgeons to identify at-risk patients.

  1. The surgery and early postoperative radicular pain in cases with multifocal lumbar disc herniation

    PubMed Central

    Ulutaş, Murat; Çınar, Kadir; Seçer, Mehmet

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Persistence of postoperative radicular pain after surgery for multifocal disc herniation (MFDH) is a clinical problem. This study aims to evaluate the effects of a combined treatment approach compared with unilateral stabilization on early postoperative radicular pain in patients with MFDH. Age, sex, level of operation, clinical findings, and radicular pain visual analogue scale (VAS) scores before surgery in the early postoperative period and at 3 months after surgery were retrospectively reviewed for 20 cases of multifocal lumbar disc herniation. The combined approach (translaminar and far lateral) was used for 13 cases. Seven cases underwent transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and unilateral transpedicular stabilization following total facetectomy. The mean age of the sample was 49.4 ± 10.1 years and the female-to-male ratio was 8:12. The mean VAS scores for radicular pain in cases treated with the combined approach were 8.2, 4.07, and 2.3 in the preoperative and early postoperative periods and 3 months after surgery, respectively. The mean score for radicular pain improved by 50.4% in the early postoperative period and by 72% in the late postoperative period. The mean VAS scores for radicular pain in cases who underwent TLIF and unilateral stabilization after facetectomy were 8.4, 2.1, and 1.4 in the preoperative and early postoperative periods and 3 months after surgery, respectively. The mean VAS score for radicular pain improved by 75% in the early postoperative period and by 83.3% in the late postoperative period. The combined approach is an effective alternative in cases with MFDH. TLIF and unilateral segmental stabilization provide substantial decompression and eliminate mechanical compression by conserving the height of the intervertebral foramen in the event that sufficient decompression is unable to obtain. We suggest that elimination of chemical mediators, particularly those causing pain in the dorsal ganglion, contributes to

  2. The surgery and early postoperative radicular pain in cases with multifocal lumbar disc herniation.

    PubMed

    Ulutaş, Murat; Çınar, Kadir; Seçer, Mehmet

    2017-03-01

    Persistence of postoperative radicular pain after surgery for multifocal disc herniation (MFDH) is a clinical problem. This study aims to evaluate the effects of a combined treatment approach compared with unilateral stabilization on early postoperative radicular pain in patients with MFDH.Age, sex, level of operation, clinical findings, and radicular pain visual analogue scale (VAS) scores before surgery in the early postoperative period and at 3 months after surgery were retrospectively reviewed for 20 cases of multifocal lumbar disc herniation. The combined approach (translaminar and far lateral) was used for 13 cases. Seven cases underwent transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and unilateral transpedicular stabilization following total facetectomy.The mean age of the sample was 49.4 ± 10.1 years and the female-to-male ratio was 8:12. The mean VAS scores for radicular pain in cases treated with the combined approach were 8.2, 4.07, and 2.3 in the preoperative and early postoperative periods and 3 months after surgery, respectively. The mean score for radicular pain improved by 50.4% in the early postoperative period and by 72% in the late postoperative period. The mean VAS scores for radicular pain in cases who underwent TLIF and unilateral stabilization after facetectomy were 8.4, 2.1, and 1.4 in the preoperative and early postoperative periods and 3 months after surgery, respectively. The mean VAS score for radicular pain improved by 75% in the early postoperative period and by 83.3% in the late postoperative period.The combined approach is an effective alternative in cases with MFDH. TLIF and unilateral segmental stabilization provide substantial decompression and eliminate mechanical compression by conserving the height of the intervertebral foramen in the event that sufficient decompression is unable to obtain. We suggest that elimination of chemical mediators, particularly those causing pain in the dorsal ganglion, contributes to the absence

  3. A Role for the Early Warning Score in Early Identification of Critical Postoperative Complications.

    PubMed

    Hollis, Robert H; Graham, Laura A; Lazenby, John P; Brown, Daran M; Taylor, Benjamin B; Heslin, Martin J; Rue, Loring W; Hawn, Mary T

    2016-05-01

    We examined whether an early warning score (EWS) could predict inpatient complications in surgical patients. Abnormal vitals often precede in-hospital mortality. The EWS calculated using vital signs has been developed to identify patients at risk for mortality. Inpatient general surgery procedures with National Surgical Quality Improvement Project data from 2013 to 2014 were matched with enterprise data on vital signs and neurologic status to calculate the EWS for each postoperative vital set measured on the ward. Outcomes of major complications, unplanned intensive care unit transfer, and medical emergency team activation were classified using the Clavien-Dindo system as grade I to V. Relationship with EWS and timing of complication was assessed using Kruskal-Wallis test and linear regression accounting for clustering with generalized estimating equation. Among 552 patients admitted to the ward postsurgery, 68 (12.3%) developed at least one grade I to III complication and 37 (6.7%) developed a grade IV/V complication. The mean maximum EWS was significantly higher preceding grade IV/V complications (10.1) compared with grade I to III complications (6.4) or across the hospital stay in patients without complications (5.4; P < 0.01). EWS significantly increased in the 3 days preceding grade IV/V complications (P < 0.001) and declined in patients without complications in the 3 days before discharge (P < 0.001). A threshold EWS of 8 predicted occurrence of grade IV/V complications with 81% sensitivity and 84% specificity. Critical postoperative complications can be preceded by rising EWS. Interventional studies are needed to evaluate whether EWS can reduce the severity of postoperative complications and mortality for surgical patients through early identification and intervention.

  4. Early postoperative spectral Doppler parameters of renal transplants: the effect of donor and recipient factors.

    PubMed

    Wang, H-K; Chiou, S-Y; Lai, Y-C; Cheng, H-Y; Lin, N-C; Loong, C-C; Chiou, H-J; Chou, Y-H; Chang, C-Y

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to explore the donor and recipient factors related to the spectral Doppler parameters of the transplant kidney in the early posttransplantation period. This retrospective study included 76 patients who underwent renal transplantation assessed using Doppler ultrasonography (US) on the first postoperative day. We compared spectral Doppler parameters (peak systolic velocity [PSV] and resistive index [RI]) of the segmental artery of the transplant kidney according to the type of renal transplant, level of serum creatinine (SCr) of donor prior to organ donation, and donor/recipient age. RI was significantly higher in deceased-donor kidney transplantation (DDKT) as compared with living-donor kidney transplantation (LDKT; 0.73 ± 0.10 vs 0.66 ± 0.11; P = .007). In the DDKT recipients, multivariate analysis showed donor SCr was the only factor affecting PSV (P = .023), whereas recipient age was the only factor affecting RI (P = .035). In the LDKT recipients, multivariate analysis showed recipient age was the only factor affecting both PSV (P = .009) and RI (P = .018). Spectral Doppler parameters in the early posttransplantation period are related to the type of renal transplant, donor renal function, and recipient age. These factors should be taken into consideration when interpreting the results of spectral Doppler US. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. [Early postoperative management and immunosuppressive treatment following lung transplantation].

    PubMed

    Boussaud, V

    2010-02-01

    Lung transplantation is now considered a valid option in the management of end-stage respiratory failure. The postoperative period remains a key stage that will influence the average long-term prognosis of the patients. Primary graft failure, postoperative bleeding, infection, acute rejection and complications linked to the surgery, and to vascular or bronchial anastomoses, are risk factors for mortality and morbidity. These must be taken care of quickly via collaboration with the surgical team. The immunosuppressive treatment essential for tolerance induction with regard to the transplanted organ will be introduced during the intraoperative period and continued for life. The combination of a calcineurin inhibitor, an antiproliferative agent and corticosteroids remains the conventional procedure. The role of new molecules as mTor inhibitors remains to be determined. Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  6. Effects of Dexmedetomidine on Serum Interleukin-6, Hemodynamic Stability, and Postoperative Pain Relief in Elderly Patients under Spinal Anesthesia.

    PubMed

    Yun, So Hui; Park, Jong Cook; Kim, Sang Rim; Choi, Yun Suk

    2016-01-01

    The beneficial effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) have not been extensively investigated in elderly patients receiving spinal anesthesia. This study evaluated the effects of intravenous DEX infusion on stress and hemodynamic response, as well as on postoperative analgesia in elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We randomly allocated 45 adult patients to 3 patient groups (n=15 each): uni-saline group patients underwent unilateral TKA with saline administration, uni-DEX group patients underwent unilateral TKA with DEX administration, and bilateral-DEX group patients underwent bilateral TKA with DEX administration. Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were significantly lower in the bilateral-DEX group than in the uni-saline group 6 and 24h postoperatively, and were negatively correlated with total DEX dosage 24h postoperatively. Bradycardia occurred more frequently in the uni-DEX and bilateral-DEX groups than in the uni-saline group. The total dose of required supplementary analgesics was significantly higher in the uni-saline group than in the uni-DEX and bilateral-DEX groups 6h postoperatively. The results indicate that perioperative intravenous DEX administration decreases postoperative serum IL-6 levels in patients undergoing bilateral TKA, and has a postoperative analgesic effect in patients undergoing unilateral or bilateral TKA.

  7. Prophylactic furosemide infusion decreasing early major postoperative renal dysfunction in on-pump adult cardiac surgery: a randomized clinical trial

    PubMed Central

    Fakhari, Solmaz; Bavil, Fariba Mirzaei; Bilehjani, Eissa; Abolhasani, Sona; Mirinazhad, Moussa; Naghipour, Bahman

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Acute renal dysfunction is a common complication of cardiac surgery. Furosemide is used in prevention, or treatment, of acute renal dysfunction. This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of intra- and early postoperative furosemide infusion on preventing acute renal dysfunction in elective adult cardiac surgery. Methods Eighty-one patients, candidates of elective cardiac surgery, were enrolled in this study in either the furosemide (n=41) or placebo (n=40) group. Furosemide (2 mg/h) or 0.9% saline was administered and continued up to 12 hours postoperatively. We measured serum creatinine (Scr) at preoperative and on the second and fifth postoperative days. Then calculated estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at these times. An increase in Scr of >0.5 mg/dL and/or >25%–50%, compared to preoperative values, was considered as acute kidney injury (AKI). In contrast, an increase in Scr by >50% and/or the need for hemodialysis was regarded as acute renal failure (ARF). At the end we compared the AKI or ARF incidence between the two groups. Results On the second and fifth postoperative days, Scr was lower, and the eGFR was higher in the furosemide group. AKI incidence was similar in the two groups (11 vs 12 cases; P-value 0.622); however, ARF rate was lower in furosemide group (1 vs 6 cases; P-value 0.044). During the study period, Scr was more stable in the furosemide group, however in the placebo group, Scr initially increased and then decreased to its preoperative value after a few days. Conclusion This study showed that intra- and early postoperative furosemide infusion has a renal protective effect in adult cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Although this protective effect cannot be discovered in mild renal dysfunctions, it apparently reduces the rate of the more severe renal dysfunctions. A more multidisciplinary strategy may be needed in reducing the milder renal damage. PMID:28176949

  8. Independent predictors and outcomes of unanticipated early postoperative tracheal intubation after nonemergent, noncardiac surgery.

    PubMed

    Ramachandran, Satya Krishna; Nafiu, Olubukola O; Ghaferi, Amir; Tremper, Kevin K; Shanks, Amy; Kheterpal, Sachin

    2011-07-01

    Although the risk of hypoxemia is greatest during the first 72 h after surgery, little is known of the incidence of respiratory failure during this period. The authors studied the incidence and predictors of unanticipated early postoperative intubation (within 3 days) and its role in mortality. A total of 222,094 adult patients undergoing nonemergent, noncardiac surgery in the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database were studied to determine the incidence and independent predictors of unanticipated early postoperative intubation. A risk-class model was developed and subsequently validated in 109,636 patients. Overall, 2,828 of 5,725 (49.4%) unanticipated tracheal intubations in a period of 30 days occurred within the first 3 days after surgery. The incidence of unanticipated early postoperative intubation was 0.83-0.9% in the derivation and validation cohorts. Independent predictors of unanticipated early postoperative intubation included current ethanol use, current smoker, dyspnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus needing insulin therapy, active congestive heart failure, hypertension requiring medication, abnormal liver function, cancer, prolonged hospitalization, recent weight loss, body mass index less than 18.5 or ≥ 40 kg/m, medium-risk surgery, high-risk surgery, very-high-risk surgery, and sepsis. Unanticipated early postoperative intubation was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality, with an adjusted odds ratio of 9.2. Higher risk classes were associated with increasing incidence of unanticipated early postoperative intubation and death. One half of unanticipated tracheal intubations in a period of 30 days occurred within the first 3 days after nonemergent, noncardiac surgery and were independently associated with a 9-fold increase in mortality. The authors present a validated perioperative risk class index for determining risk of unanticipated early postoperative intubation.

  9. Parathyroid hormone levels 1 hour after thyroidectomy: an early predictor of postoperative hypocalcemia.

    PubMed

    AlQahtani, Awad; Parsyan, Armen; Payne, Richard; Tabah, Roger

    2014-08-01

    Parathyroid dysfunction leading to symptomatic hypocalcemia is not uncommon following a total or completion thyroidectomy and is often associated with significant patient morbidity and a prolonged hospital stay. A simple, reliable indicator to identify patients at risk would permit earlier pharmacologic prophylaxis to avoid these adverse outcomes. We examined the role of intact parathormone (PTH) levels 1 hour after surgery as a predictor of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia. We prospectively reviewed the cases of consecutive patients undergoing total or completion thyroidectomy. Ionized calcium (Ca(2+)) and intact PTH levels were measured preoperatively and at 1-, 6- and 24-hour intervals postoperatively. The specificity, sensitivity, negative and positive predictive values of the 1-hour PTH serum levels (PTH-1) in predicting 24-hour post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia and eucalcemia were determined. We reviewed the cases of 149 patients. Biochemical hypocalcaemia (Ca(2+) < 1.1 mmol/L) developed in 38 of 149 (25.7%) patients 24 hours after thyroidectomy. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of a low PTH-1 were 89%, 100%, 97% and 100%, respectively. We found that PTH-1 levels were predictive of symptomatic hypocalcemia 24 hours after thyroidectomy. Routine use of this assay should be considered, as it could prompt the early administration of calcitriol in patients at risk of hypocalcemia and allow for the safe and timely discharge of patients expected to remain eucalcemic.

  10. A pilot study investigating early postoperative changes of plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background This study aimed to determine early postoperative changes of plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Methods Ten obese patients (mean BMI: 51.10 ± 11.59 kg/m2) underwent LSG and eleven normal weight control patients (mean BMI: 24.37 ± 2.33 kg/m2) underwent laparoscopic abdominal surgery. Fasting blood samples were collected prior to surgery, at day 1 after surgery and after postoperation oral feeding. Plasma levels of arachidonic acid (AA, C20:4n6), dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA, C20:3n6), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n3) were determined by an optimized multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) method using ultra fast-liquid chromatography (UFLC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was measured in serum samples by enzyme immunoassay. Results A significant decrease was observed in insulin and HOMA IR levels in sleeve gastrectomy patients after postoperation oral feeding compared to preoperation. Plasma AA levels and AA/EPA ratio were significantly increased in sleeve gastrectomy patients after postoperation oral feeding compared to postoperation day 1. Serum PGE2 levels and AA/DHA ratio was significantly higher in sleeve gastrectomy patients at preoperation, postoperation day 1 and after postoperation oral feeding when compared to control group patients. Conclusion Increased peripheral insulin sensitivity associated with LSG may play a role in the significant increase of plasma AA levels in sleeve gastrectomy patients following postoperation oral feeding. The significant increase in PGE2 levels and AA/DHA ratio in sleeve gastrectomy group patients also confirms the presence of a proinflammatory state in obesity. PMID:24694037

  11. Prediction of early postoperative infections in pediatric liver transplantation by logistic regression

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uzunova, Yordanka; Prodanova, Krasimira; Spassov, Lubomir

    2016-12-01

    Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the only curative treatment for end-stage liver disease. Early diagnosis and treatment of infections after OLT are usually associated with improved outcomes. This study's objective is to identify reliable factors that can predict postoperative infectious morbidity. 27 children were included in the analysis. They underwent liver transplantation in our department. The correlation between two parameters (the level of blood glucose at 5th postoperative day and the duration of the anhepatic phase) and postoperative infections was analyzed, using univariate analysis. In this analysis, an independent predictive factor was derived which adequately identifies patients at risk of infectious complications after a liver transplantation.

  12. [Relaparotomy and programmed sanation of the abdominal cavity in treatment of early postoperative complications].

    PubMed

    Trofymov, P S; Shestopalov, D V; Karakursakov, N E; Kysliakov, V V; Tatarchuk, P O

    2014-08-01

    The structure and causes of postoperative complications occurrence, necessitating early relaparotomy conduction through last 5 yrs and 30 yrs ago, were analyzed. The complications rate almost did not change, but their structure--essentially. The occurrence rate for eventration, adhesive ileus, relaparotomy performance for abdominal cavity abscess have had lowered significantly due to introduction of a new operative technologies and prophylactic measures. The lowering of lethality after relaparotomy is caused by improvement of the complications diagnosis, timely performance of reoperations, application of laparostomy in the treatment of postoperative peritonitis, what have permitted to govern a postoperative period course.

  13. The method of early postoperative alimentation by needle-catheter jejunostomy.

    PubMed

    Bodoky, G; Harsányi, L

    1989-01-01

    It is well established that the nutritional state greatly influences tolerance during the operation. Authors present a new procedure for the early postoperative enteral alimentation having not been used in Hungary so far. Twelve hours after operation, a pump-operated, gradually increasing amount of oligopeptide food-preparation and concentrate is introduced continuously into the second jejunal loop intraoperatively. Using this method, a caloric intake of 9572 kJ can be achieved already from the fourth postoperative day onwards. Based on our experience gained from 32 patients, the method can be recommended for an up-to-date postoperative enteral alimentation.

  14. [Procalcitonin and C-reactive protein as early indicators of postoperative intra-abdominal infection after surgery for gastrointestinal cancer].

    PubMed

    Domínguez-Comesaña, Elías; López-Gómez, Victoria; Estevez-Fernández, Sergio Manuel; Mariño Padín, Esther; Ballinas-Miranda, Julio; Carrera-Dacosta, Ester; Piñon-Cimadevila, Miguel Ángel; Barreiro-Morandeira, Francisco

    2014-04-01

    to evaluate the association between serum levels of procalcitonin and C-reactive protein, on the first 3 postoperative days, and the appearance of postoperative intra-abdominal infection. Prospective observational study including 67 patients operated on for colo-rectal, gastric and pancreatic cancer. Serum levels of procalcitonin and C-reactive protein were analyzed before surgery and daily until the third postoperative day. Values of procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were recorded as well as their accuracy for detection of postoperative intra-abdominal infection (PIAI). The incidence of postoperative intra-abdominal infection was 13.4%. CRP serum levels at 72h, PCT serum levels at 24, 48 and 72h and the ratio between serum levels of CRP at 72hours and serum levels of CRP at 48hours (CRP D3/CRP D2) were significantly associated with the appearance of postoperative intra-abdominal infection. The highest sensitivity corresponded to PCT at 72hours (88.9%); the highest specificity and positive predictive value corresponded to the ratio CRP D3/CRP D2 (96.49% and 71.4%, respectively); the highest negative predictive value to procalcitonin at 72h and 24h. Serum levels of PCT are significantly associated with the appearance of postoperative intra-abdominal infection. Sensitivity and predictive positive values are low, but negative predictive value is high, even at 24h after surgery. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  15. Serum level and immunohistochemical expression of vascular endothelial growth factor for the prediction of postoperative recurrence in renal cell carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a major role in angiogenesis. One of the functions of VEGF is to regulate neovascularization in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC). The objective of our study was to examine whether before nephrectomy serum levels of VEGF or expression of VEGF using immunohistochemistry (IHC) could predict postoperative recurrence in nonmetastatic CCRCC. Results Twelve patients (14.5%) had recurrence during a mean follow-up of 52.6 ± 31.2 months. The serum VEGF level was significantly higher in patients with recurrence than in those without recurrence (P = 0.038). High serum VEGF levels were above 416 pg/mL; this value was chosen based on a receiver operating characteristic analysis. The recurrence-free survival rate in patients with a high serum VEGF level was significantly lower than in those with a low serum VEGF level (P = 0.003). In total, tumors from 26 patients (31.3%) showed overexpression of VEGF using IHC. The recurrence-free survival rate in the IHC-positive group was significantly lower than that in the IHC-negative group (P = 0.044). Multivariate analysis indicated that preoperative serum VEGF levels (P = 0.013) and female gender (P = 0.004) were independent predictors of postoperative recurrence in nonmetastatic CCRCC. Conclusions Preoperative serum VEGF levels is a useful predictor compared with IHC analysis of VEGF of postoperative recurrence in nonmetastatic CCRCC. PMID:24938498

  16. Dexmedetomidine improves early postoperative cognitive dysfunction in aged mice.

    PubMed

    Qian, Xiao-Lan; Zhang, Wei; Liu, Ming-Zheng; Zhou, Yu-Bing; Zhang, Jing-Min; Han, Li; Peng, You-Mei; Jiang, Jin-hua; Wang, Qing-Duan

    2015-01-05

    Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a frequent complication following major surgery in the elderly. However, the exact pathogenic mechanisms are still unknown. Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha 2 adrenal receptor agonist, was revealed anesthesia and brain protective role. The present study aimed to examine whether dexmedetomdine protects against POCD induced by major surgical trauma under general anesthesia in aged mice. In the present study, cognitive function was assessed by Y-maze. Proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), apoptosis-related factor caspase-3 and Bax were detected by real-time PCR, Western blot or immunohistochemistry. The results showed that anesthesia alone caused weak cognitive dysfunction on the first day after general anesthesia. Cognitive function in mice with splenectomy under general anesthesia was significantly exacerbated at the first and third days after surgery, and was significantly improved by dexmedetomidine administration. Splenectomy increased the expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, Bax and caspase-3 in hippocampus. These changes were significantly inversed by dexmedetomidine. These results suggest that hippocampal inflammatory response and neuronal apoptosis may contribute to POCD, and selective alpha 2 adrenal receptor excitation play a protective role.

  17. Outcomes Associated with Early Postoperative Noninvasive Ventilation in Bariatric Surgical Patients with Sleep Apnea

    PubMed Central

    Stefan, Mihaela S.; Hill, Nicholas S.; Raghunathan, Karthik; Liu, Xiaoxia; Pekow, Penelope S.; Memtsoudis, Stavros G.; Ramachandran, Satya Krishna; Lindenauer, Peter K.

    2016-01-01

    Study Objectives: To examine the relationship of early initiation of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) with postoperative outcomes in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) undergoing bariatric surgery. Methods: We included 5,266 patients with OSA undergoing bariatric surgeries at 161 hospitals in the United States. We defined early postoperative NIV as NIV used on the day of or the day after surgery; this could include prophylactic NIV or NIV used for early signs of respiratory deterioration. We developed a hierarchical model to identify factors associated with early use of NIV. Then, in a propensity matched cohort, we assessed the association between NIV use and outcomes. Results: Overall, 996 patients (18.9%) were treated with early postoperative NIV. Predictors of NIV initiation were: male sex (odds ratio: 1.34, 95% confidence interval 1.14–1.59), older age, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; odds ratio 1.39, confidence interval: 1.17–1.64), gastric bypass surgery, short-acting narcotics intravenous on the day of surgery and admission to a hospital with high rate of OSA diagnosis. In a propensity matched analysis, we found no significant association between early initiation of NIV and receipt of invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) (early NIV 4.5% vs. no NIV 3.8% p = 0.46), cardiovascular complications or mortality. Results were consistent in several sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: In this large observational study of patients with OSA undergoing bariatric surgery, early postoperative NIV use was not associated with better outcomes including less intubation and mortality. Properly designed controlled trials will be necessary to provide more definitive answers to this important clinical question. Citation: Stefan MS, Hill NS, Raghunathan K, Liu X, Pekow PS, Memtsoudis SG, Ramachandran SK, Lindenauer PK. Outcomes associated with early postoperative noninvasive ventilation in bariatric surgical patients with sleep apnea. J Clin Sleep Med 2016

  18. Novel Serum Inflammatory Biomarkers for Early Detection of Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-01

    Early Detection of Breast Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Thomas R. Brown, Ph.D. CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Oxford Biomedical...Biomarkers for Early Detection of Breast Cancer 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-06-1-0711 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Thomas R. Brown, Ph.D. 5d... cancer however, their study as a source of cancer biomarkers is still at a relatively early stage. Identifying these biomarkers in serum presents a

  19. Pre-operative and early post-operative factors associated with surgical site infection after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Tovar, Jaime; Oller, Inmaculada; Llavero, Carolina; Arroyo, Antonio; Muñoz, Jose Luis; Calero, Alicia; Diez, María; Zubiaga, Lorea; Calpena, Rafael

    2013-08-01

    Surgical procedures on obese patients are expected to have a high incidence of surgical site infection (SSI). The identification of pre-operative or early post-operative risk factors for SSI may help the surgeon to identify subjects in risk and adequately optimize their status. We conducted a study of the association of comorbidities and pre- and post-operative analytical variables with SSI following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for the treatment of morbid obesity. We performed a prospective study of all morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as a bariatric procedure between 2007 and 2011. An association of clinical and analytical variables with SSI was investigated. The study included 40 patients with a mean pre-operative body mass index (BMI) of 51.2±7.9 kg/m(2). Surgical site infections appeared in three patients (7.5%), of whom two had an intra-abdominal abscess located in the left hypochondrium and the third had a superficial incisional SSI. Pre-operatively, a BMI >45 kg/m(2) (OR 8.7; p=0.008), restrictive disorders identified by pulmonary function tests (OR 10.0; p=0.012), a serum total protein concentration <5.3 g/dL (OR 13; p=0.003), a plasma cortisol >30 mcg/dL (OR 13.0; p=0.003), and a mean corpuscular volume (MCV) <82 fL (OR 1.6; p=0.04) were associated with post-operative SSI. Post-operatively, a serum glucose >128 mg/dL (OR 4.7; p=0.012) and hemoglobin <11g/dL (OR 7.5; p=0.002) were associated with SSI. The study supports the role of restrictive lung disorders and the values specified above for preoperative BMI, serum total protein and cortisol concentrations, and MCV, and of post-operative anemia and hyperglycemia as risk factors for SSI. In these situations, the surgeon must be aware of and seek to control these risk factors.

  20. The 2013 Frank Stinchfield Award: Diagnosis of infection in the early postoperative period after total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Yi, Paul H; Cross, Michael B; Moric, Mario; Sporer, Scott M; Berger, Richard A; Della Valle, Craig J

    2014-02-01

    Diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) can be difficult in the early postoperative period after total hip arthroplasty (THA) because normal cues from the physical examination often are unreliable, and serological markers commonly used for diagnosis are elevated from the recent surgery. The purposes of this study were to determine the optimal cutoff values for erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), synovial fluid white blood cell (WBC) count, and differential for diagnosing PJI in the early postoperative period after primary THA. We reviewed 6033 consecutive primary THAs and identified 73 patients (1.2%) who underwent reoperation for any reason within the first 6 weeks postoperatively. Thirty-six of these patients were infected according to modified Musculoskeletal Infection Society criteria. Mean values for the diagnostic tests were compared between groups and receiver operating characteristic curves generated along with an area under the curve (AUC) to determine test performance and optimal cutoff values to diagnose infection. The best test for the diagnosis of PJI was the synovial fluid WBC count (AUC = 98%; optimal cutoff value 12,800 cells/μL) followed by the CRP (AUC = 93%; optimal cutoff value 93 mg/L), and synovial fluid differential (AUC = 91%; optimal cutoff value 89% PMN). The mean ESR (infected = 69 mm/hr, not infected = 46 mm/hr), CRP (infected = 192 mg/L, not infected = 30 mg/L), synovial fluid WBC count (infected = 84,954 cells/μL, not infected = 2391 cells/μL), and differential (infected = 91% polymorphonuclear cells [PMN], not infected = 63% PMN) all were significantly higher in the infected group. Optimal cutoff values for the diagnosis of PJI in the acute postoperative period were higher than those traditionally used for the diagnosis of chronic PJI. The serum CRP is an excellent screening test, whereas the synovial fluid WBC count is more specific.

  1. Early Post-Operative Coronary Thrombosis Following Repair of a Proximal Coronary Artery Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Lau, Bryan; Taub, Cynthia C

    2016-01-01

    Patients with aneurysmal coronary artery fistulas are often a treatment challenge. We hereby, report a case of aneurysmal left main coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula repair, complicated by an early post-operative thrombosis of the left main coronary artery, necessitating an orthotropic heart transplant. Routine use of peri-procedural and long-term anti-coagulation is usually not a standard recommendation in these cases; however, early institution of the same may prevent flow stasis, thrombus formation and unfavourable outcomes pre- or post-operatively. PMID:28208917

  2. Factors predicting early postoperative liver cirrhosis-related complications after lung cancer surgery in patients with liver cirrhosis.

    PubMed

    Iwata, Takashi; Inoue, Kiyotoshi; Nishiyama, Noritoshi; Nagano, Koshi; Izumi, Nobuhiro; Tsukioka, Takuma; Hanada, Shoji; Suehiro, Shigefumi

    2007-12-01

    We aimed to determine the factors predicting liver cirrhosis-related complications in the early postoperative period after lung cancer surgery in patients with liver cirrhosis. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent curative surgery for primary lung cancer in our institute from January 1990 to March 2007, finding 37 cases with comorbid liver cirrhosis. These patients were divided into two groups, according to whether liver failure, bleeding, and critical infection had occurred postoperatively. Various clinical parameters were analyzed statistically between the bigeminal groups. Liver cirrhosis-related complications occurred in seven of the 37 patients (18.9%). Transient liver failure occurred in two patients (5.4%) after pulmonary resection. Acute intrathoracic bleeding occurred in four cases (10.8%). Two patients died (5.4%) in both cases due to sepsis. Preoperative total bilirubin (P<0.05), and indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min (P<0.05) were significantly higher in patients with liver failure. Only serum value of total bilirubin was an independent risk factor (P<0.05) by multivariate analysis. In predicting death from infection, only preoperative nutritional status was a significant risk factor (P<0.05). To avoid postoperative cirrhosis-related complications, preoperative preparation to improve their liver function and nutrition status is essential.

  3. The influence of surgical sites on early postoperative hypoxemia in adults undergoing elective surgery.

    PubMed

    Xue, F S; Li, B W; Zhang, G S; Liao, X; Zhang, Y M; Liu, J H; An, G; Luo, L K

    1999-01-01

    To determine the influence of the surgical sites on early postoperative hypoxemia, we studied postoperative hypoxemia in 994 patients, ASA physical status I or II, aged 18-68 yr, scheduled for various types of elective surgery. Patients were divided into three groups on the basis of the surgical sites: Group 1 = elective superficial plastic surgery (n = 288); Group 2 = upper abdominal surgery (n = 452); and Group 3 = thoracoabdominal surgery (n = 254). Anesthesia was maintained with 1%-2% enflurane and 67% nitrous oxide in oxygen; thiopental or fentanyl was given IV as required. SpO2 levels were recorded while patients breathed room air shortly after arrival in the recovery room (0 min) and 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 120, and 180 min thereafter. The results showed that during the early postoperative period, the degree of arterial desaturation and the incidences of hypoxemia (SpO2 86%-90%) and severe hypoxemia (SpO2 85%) were closely related to the operative sites and were greatest for thoracoabdominal operations, less for the upper abdominal operation, and least for the peripheral surgery. The incidence of hypoxemia and severe hypoxemia in the recovery room was 7% and 0.7%, respectively, in Group 1, 38% and 3% in Group 2, and 52% and 20% in Group 3. Mild airway obstruction and hypothermia in the postanesthesia recovery unit (PAR) were the predictive factors of early postoperative hypoxemia. We conclude that during the early postoperative period, there were significant differences in SpO2 levels and incidences of hypoxemia and severe hypoxemia among the three groups. We found that the severity of arterial desaturation and the incidence of hypoxemia during the early postoperative period are closely related to the surgical sites and are strongest for thoracoabdominal surgery, less for upper abdominal surgery, and least for peripheral surgery.

  4. Early and late postoperative seizure outcome in 97 patients with supratentorial meningioma and preoperative seizures: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Zhe; Chen, Peng; Fu, Weiming; Zhu, Junming; Zhang, Hong; Shi, Jian; Zhang, Jianmin

    2013-08-01

    We identified factors associated with early and late postoperative seizure control in patients with supratentorial meningioma plus preoperative seizures. In this retrospective study, univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis compared 24 clinical variables according to the occurrence of early (≤1 week) or late (>1 week) postoperative seizures. Sixty-two of 97 patients (63.9 %) were seizure free for the entire postoperative follow-up period (29.5 ± 11.8 months), while 13 patients (13.4 %) still had frequent seizures at the end of follow-up. Fourteen of 97 patients (14.4 %) experienced early postoperative seizures, and emergence of new postoperative neurological deficits was the only significant risk factor (odds ratio = 7.377). Thirty-three patients (34.0 %) experienced late postoperative seizures at some time during follow-up, including 12 of 14 patients with early postoperative seizures. Associated risk factors for late postoperative seizures included tumor progression (odds ratio = 7.012) and new permanent postoperative neurological deficits (odds ratio = 4.327). Occurrence of postoperative seizures in patients with supratentorial meningioma and preoperative seizure was associated with new postoperative neurological deficits. Reduced cerebral or vascular injury during surgery may lead to fewer postoperative neurological deficits and better seizure outcome.

  5. Developing models to predict early postoperative patient deterioration and adverse events.

    PubMed

    Petersen Tym, Mitchell K; Ludbrook, Guy L; Flabouris, Arthas; Seglenieks, Richard; Painter, Thomas W

    2017-06-01

    Accurate identification of patients at risk of early postoperative deterioration allows needs-based allocation of patients to appropriate levels of care. This study aimed to record the incidence of early postoperative deterioration and identify factors predictive of at-risk patients. Doing so may assist future evidence-based perioperative planning and allocation of patients to high-acuity facilities. With ethical approval, data from elective non-cardiac surgical patients were collected between May and August 2013. Patient and surgical factors potentially related to postoperative deterioration were collected from preoperative assessment records. Data on deterioration in the postanaesthesia care unit (PACU), and on the wards were collected prospectively for a period of 72 h postoperatively. Patient factors, surgical factors and PACU events were compared with ward events using binomial logistic regression analysis. Of the 747 patients, postoperative deterioration was common both in PACU (155 (20.1%) patients) and on the wards (125 (16.7%)). Common ward events included hypotension (64 (8.2%)) and desaturation (59 (6.2%)). A rapid response team call occurred for 33 (4.4%) patients and an unplanned ICU admission for seven (0.9%) patients. A history of atrial fibrillation and chronic liver disease, duration of surgery and excessive sedation in PACU, among others, were strongly associated with subsequent ward deterioration. However, measures of surgical complexity were not. Patient factors, duration of surgery and events in PACU can be predictive of subsequent early postoperative ward clinical deterioration. Such information may aid appropriate perioperative decision-making with respect to postoperative utilization of high-acuity facilities. © 2017 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  6. EARLY POSTOPERATIVE MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING FINDINGS IN FIVE DOGS WITH CONFIRMED AND SUSPECTED BRAIN TUMORS.

    PubMed

    Chow, Kathleen Ella; Tyrrell, Dayle; Long, Sam Nicholas

    2015-01-01

    Early postoperative neuroimaging has been performed in people for over 20 years to detect residual brain tumor tissue and surgical complications. The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe characteristics observed using early postoperative magnetic resonance imaging in a group of dogs undergoing craniotomy for brain tumor removal. Two independent observers came to a consensus opinion for presence/absence of the following MRI characteristics: residual tumor tissue; hemorrhage and ischemic lesions; abnormal enhancement (including the margins of the resection cavity, choroid plexus, meninges) and signal intensity changes on diffusion-weighted imaging. Five dogs were included in the study, having had preoperative and early postoperative MRI acquired within four days after surgery. The most commonly observed characteristics were abnormal meningeal enhancement, linear enhancement at margins of the resection cavity, hemorrhage, and a thin rim of hyperintensity surrounding the resection cavity on diffusion-weighted imaging. Residual tumor tissue was detected in one case of an enhancing tumor and in one case of a tumor containing areas of hemorrhage preoperatively. Residual tumor tissue was suspected but could not be confirmed when tumors were nonenhancing. Findings supported the use of early postoperative MRI as a method for detecting residual brain tumor tissue in dogs.

  7. Intraocular pressure elevation during early postoperative period after secondary intraocular lens implantation in children and adolescents.

    PubMed

    Trivedi, Rupal H; Boden, John H; Mickler, Casey; Wilson, M Edward

    2012-09-01

    To look at the intraocular pressure (IOP) spike in the early postoperative period after secondary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children. Miles Center for Pediatric Ophthalmology, Medical University of South Carolina, South Carolina, USA. Retrospective chart review. The postoperative day-1 examination of patients having secondary IOL implantation by the same surgeon was reviewed for an IOP greater than 26 mm Hg. In patients with an IOP spike, the medical history and examination findings that might be associated with the rise were evaluated. Review of 85 patient charts (133 eyes) identified 9 eyes that developed an IOP spike during the early postoperative period. Six eyes were symptomatic, with symptoms including pain, ocular discomfort, nausea, and emesis, and 6 eyes had preoperative aphakic glaucoma, which was controlled with medication. Six of 22 eyes (27%) with preoperative aphakic glaucoma and 3 of 111 eyes (3%) without glaucoma (P<.001) developed an acute IOP rise (relative risk, 10.1). The high incidence of a symptomatic early IOP spike in patients with aphakic glaucoma warrants meticulous ophthalmic viscosurgical device removal at the end of surgery, consideration of the routine use of prophylactic topical and/or systemic glaucoma medication, and monitoring during the early postoperative period. Copyright © 2012 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Hypopharyngeal Airway Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Morbidity in the Early Postoperative Period.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Ryan E; Carter, John; Anand, Akash G

    2015-01-01

    To determine if hypopharyngeal surgery for obstructive sleep apnea is associated with significant morbidity in the early post-operative period. Patients with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea who underwent hypopharyngeal surgery at a tertiary care facility between November 2012 and September 2013 were included in this study. Surgical outcomes were assessed from medical records review and a 14 question telephone survey. Results: Twenty-two patients underwent hypopharyngeal surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). No patient experienced intra-operative complications, post-operative O2 desaturation <90%, prolonged admission for inadequate pain control, pulmonary edema, or airway compromise requiring re-intubation. Post-operative complications included one episode of nasal hemorrhage, one infection requiring hospitalization, and one episode of dehydration treated with IV fluids. 25% of patients experienced some degree of post-operative dysphonia, and 87.5% of patients experienced post-operative dysphagia. The average rating for post-operative pharyngeal pain was 3.5 of 10 by week 3 and 1.75 of 10 by week 4. Most patients described decreased snoring (93.75%), improved feeling of overall health (75%), and increased daytime energy (62.5%). All patients undergoing hypopharyngeal airway surgery were discharged within 23 hours. Hypopharyngeal surgery is a safe and well tolerated procedure for the treatment of OSA. Our findings suggest that hypopharyngeal surgery may be performed on an outpatient basis.

  9. Routine postoperative imaging early after lumbar decompression surgery: a prospective evaluation.

    PubMed

    Schubert, Gerrit Alexander; Diepers, Michaels; Hegewald, Aldemar Andres; Seiz, Marcel; Thomé, Claudius

    2013-09-15

    Prospective cohort study. To determine the value of routine postoperative magnetic resonance imaging early after lumbar decompression in patients with nonspecific symptoms. Imaging after lumbar surgery may be performed more readily in patients even with nonspecific symptoms and without neurological deficit. Patients undergoing elective lumbar decompression surgery completed standardized questionnaires, were assessed neurologically on admission, and underwent magnetic resonance scanning within 72 hours after surgery. Residual stenosis was graded as absent or mild (outcome A) or moderate to severe (outcome B). Surgical technique and intraoperative complications and postoperative neurological status were recorded. We recruited 28 consecutive patients who reported significant improvement in preoperative symptoms. In two-thirds of all patients, postoperative images showed at least one segment with moderate or severe residual stenosis (outcome B). Radiological outcome did not correlate with postoperative pain. Patient satisfaction index was comparable in groups A and B. The cross section of the spinal canal was significantly wider with a drain in situ. This did not, however, translate into a difference in overall visual analogue scale score or wound discomfort. Patients tended to report more back and leg pain with drains and were less satisfied with the result of the operation. Early postoperative magnetic resonance scans in patients with nonspecific symptoms frequently show radiologically relevant stenosis, which is associated with neither outcome nor patient satisfaction. Drain placement is associated with less radiological narrowing but with lower patient satisfaction. Imaging without clinical correlate may yield nondiscriminatory information likely to unsettle and puzzle both patients and health care providers. 3.

  10. Elevated intraocular pressure in the early postoperative period following excimer laser penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus.

    PubMed

    Gatzioufas, Zisis; Labiris, Georgios; Mauer, Benjamin; Zemova, Elena; Eppig, Timo; Langenbucher, Achim; Seitz, Berthold

    2012-01-01

    To assess the incidence of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in the early postoperative period after excimer laser penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus and reveal potential associations with anterior segment parameters. This prospective, interventional study consisted of 40 patients with keratoconus who were treated with excimer laser penetrating keratoplasty. Corneal pachymetry, anterior chamber depth, anterior chamber volume, and anterior segment angle were measured by Scheimpflug camera preoperatively and 2 months postoperatively. IOP was obtained using Goldmann applanation tonometry. Student's t tests and Pearson correlation were applied. A P value of .05 or less was considered significant. IOP increased from 16.3 ± 3.5 preoperatively to 19.3 ± 5.2 mm Hg postoperatively (P = .007). Significant differences were detected in corneal pachymetry (P < .008), anterior chamber depth (P < .001), and anterior chamber volume (P = .03). Postoperative IOP was significantly correlated with anterior segment angle, anterior chamber depth, and corneal pachymetry. Elevated IOP in the early postoperative period after excimer laser penetrating keratoplasty is significantly correlated with changes in the anterior chamber architecture. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

  11. Effect of unrestricted bottle-feeding on early postoperative course after cleft palate repair.

    PubMed

    Kim, Eun Key; Lee, Taik Jong; Chae, Soo Wook

    2009-09-01

    Although bottle-feeding after cheiloplasty is widely accepted, postoperative feeding regimen after palatoplasty is still controversial. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the effect of bottle-feeding on early postoperative course after palatoplasty in a relatively homogeneous group of patients. Eighty-two consecutive patients with nonsyndromic cleft palate undergoing 2-flap palatoplasty by a single surgeon were randomized to feeding from a bottle with the usual nipple (G1, N = 42) or to feeding with a spoon, cup, or syringe (G2, N = 40). Complication rates, postoperative sedative use, oral intake for the first 6 days, and relative weight gain at 1 and 2 months were compared. There were no significant complications such as bleeding or respiratory problem. The overall complication rate including wound dehiscence and oronasal fistula was similar in G1 and G2 (11.9% versus 12.5%, P = 1.000) as was postoperative sedative use and mean daily oral intake for the first 5 days. Mean intake on the sixth day was significantly higher in G1. There were no significant between-group differences in relative weight gain after 1 and 2 months. In conclusion, bottle-feeding had no adverse effect on the early postoperative course after palatoplasty including complication rate, oral intake, and weight gain. These findings suggest that an unrestricted feeding regimen is appropriate immediately after palatoplasty.

  12. High STOP-BANG questionnaire scores predict intraoperative and early postoperative adverse events

    PubMed Central

    Seet, Edwin; Chua, Maureen; Liaw, Chen Mei

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder associated with multisystemic organ involvement. The STOP-BANG questionnaire is a concise, validated questionnaire that is used to screen for OSA. This study aimed to establish the use of the STOP-BANG questionnaire for perioperative patient risk stratification. METHODS In this retrospective cohort study, we extracted the demographic, medical and perioperative outcome data of all patients who underwent elective surgery, excluding ophthalmic surgeries, from January to December 2011. Multivariate regression analysis was used to predict independent risk factors for intraoperative and early postoperative adverse events. RESULTS Of the 5,432 patients analysed, 7.4% had unexpected intraoperative and early postoperative adverse events. We found that the risk of unexpected intraoperative and early postoperative adverse events was greater in patients with STOP-BANG scores ≥ 3 compared to those with a STOP-BANG score of 0 (score 3: odds ratio [OR] 3.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.1–6.3, p < 0.001; score 4: OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.8–6.5, p < 0.001; score 5: OR 6.4, 95% CI 2.7–15.0, p < 0.001; score ≥ 6: OR 5.6, 95% CI 2.1–15.4, p < 0.001). Patients with STOP-BANG scores ≥ 5 had a fivefold increased risk of unexpected intraoperative and early postoperative adverse events, while patients with STOP-BANG scores ≥ 3 had a ‘one in four’ chance of having an adverse event. Other independent predictors included older age (p < 0.001), American Society of Anesthesiologists class ≥ 2 (p < 0.003) and uncontrolled hypertension (p = 0.028). CONCLUSION STOP-BANG score may be used as a preoperative risk stratification tool to predict the risk of intraoperative and early postoperative adverse events. PMID:25917473

  13. Preoperative Serum MicroRNA-155 Expression Independently Predicts Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction After Laparoscopic Surgery for Colon Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Chaoshuang; Wang, Ruichun; Li, Xiaoyu; Chen, Junping

    2016-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to examine the association between serum expression of miRNA-155 and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer. Material/Methods We enrolled 110 patients scheduled to undergo colon tumor resection via laparotomy in Ningbo No. 2 Hospital from July 2013 to November 2015. The blood samples were collected from the participants 1 day before surgery. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used for the analysis of independent predictive biomarkers for POCD. Results On the 7th postoperative day, 29 of the 110 participants developed POCD, yielding a POCD incidence of 26.4%. Age, MMSE score, duration of surgery and anesthesia, serum levels of CRP, TNF-α, urea, creatinine, and miRNA-155 were highly associated with the occurrence of POCD. Serum expression of miRNA-155 was shown by multiple logistic regression analysis to be an independent predictive indicator for POCD after surgery (OR: 2.732; 95%CI 1.415–5.233; P=0.002). Conclusions The serum expression of miRNA-155 is an independent predictive factor for POCD after laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer. PMID:27872469

  14. Reliable? The Value of Early Postoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging after Cerebral Cavernous Malformation Surgery.

    PubMed

    Chen, Bixia; Göricke, Sophia; Wrede, Karsten; Jabbarli, Ramazan; Wälchli, Thomas; Jägersberg, Max; Sure, Ulrich; Dammann, Philipp

    2017-07-01

    Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) can cause intracerebral hemorrhage. The lesions themselves are frequently associated with perifocal hemosiderin deposits caused by repetitive microhemorrhages. Main indications for a surgical treatment are recurrent symptomatic hemorrhages or cavernoma-related epilepsy. After surgical resection, follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is usually performed to confirm 1) the complete resection of the CCM and, especially in cases of cavernoma-related epilepsy, 2) the complete resection of the hemosiderin deposits. This prospective study evaluates the value of early postoperative MRI (within 72 hours) regarding the detection of CCM or hemosiderin remnants compared with a standard 3-6 months postoperative MRI control in 61 CCM cases. Sensitivity of early postoperative MRI for CCM remnant detection was 66.67% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.43%-99.16%), specificity was 76.74% (95% CI, 61.37%-88.24%), positive predictive value was 16.67% (95% CI, 2.09%-48.41%), and negative predictive value was 97.06% (95% CI, 84.67%-99.93%). Because of the high number of patients who could not be evaluated because of imaging artifacts, sensitivity and specificity analysis was not performed for early postoperative MRI using T2*/susceptibility-weighted imaging to assess hemosiderin remnants. Sensitivity of early postoperative MRI for hemosiderin remnant detection using T2-weighted sequences was 85.71% (95% CI, 63.66%-96.95%), specificity was 66.67% (95% CI, 44.68%-84.37%), positive predictive value was 69.23% (95% CI, 55.45%-80.27%), and negative predictive value was 84.21% (95% CI, 64.31%-94.04%). Our data suggest that early postoperative MRI after CCM surgery is often hampered by imaging artifacts creating false-positive results and therefore ineligible for a resection control. However, reliability of a negative result on early postoperative T2-weighted MRI is relatively high regarding both CCM and hemosiderin remnants. Copyright © 2017

  15. Early postoperative cognitive dysfunction and postoperative delirium after anaesthesia with various hypnotics: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial - The PINOCCHIO trial

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Postoperative delirium can result in increased postoperative morbidity and mortality, major demand for postoperative care and higher hospital costs. Hypnotics serve to induce and maintain anaesthesia and to abolish patients' consciousness. Their persisting clinical action can delay postoperative cognitive recovery and favour postoperative delirium. Some evidence suggests that these unwanted effects vary according to each hypnotic's specific pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic characteristics and its interaction with the individual patient. We designed this study to evaluate postoperative delirium rate after general anaesthesia with various hypnotics in patients undergoing surgical procedures other than cardiac or brain surgery. We also aimed to test whether delayed postoperative cognitive recovery increases the risk of postoperative delirium. Methods/Design After local ethics committee approval, enrolled patients will be randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. In all patients anaesthesia will be induced with propofol and fentanyl, and maintained with the anaesthetics desflurane, or sevoflurane, or propofol and the analgesic opioid fentanyl. The onset of postoperative delirium will be monitored with the Nursing Delirium Scale every three hours up to 72 hours post anaesthesia. Cognitive function will be evaluated with two cognitive test batteries (the Short Memory Orientation Memory Concentration Test and the Rancho Los Amigos Scale) preoperatively, at baseline, and postoperatively at 20, 40 and 60 min after extubation. Statistical analysis will investigate differences in the hypnotics used to maintain anaesthesia and the odds ratios for postoperative delirium, the relation of early postoperative cognitive recovery and postoperative delirium rate. A subgroup analysis will be used to categorize patients according to demographic variables relevant to the risk of postoperative delirium (age, sex, body weight) and to the preoperative score index

  16. Lumbar spine after surgery for herniated disk: imaging findings in the early postoperative period.

    PubMed

    Dina, T S; Boden, S D; Davis, D O

    1995-03-01

    Imaging the lumbar spine after surgery for disk herniation is all too often an unrewarding challenge. A constellation of findings is inevitable, and determining their significance is often impossible. The challenge is greatest during the first few months following surgery, when the rules of scar enhancement, deformity, and mass effect do not apply to differentiation of the abnormal from the normal. A clear understanding of normal postoperative healing is necessary to avoid overreaction to misleading findings. This report reviews imaging of the lumbar spine in the early postoperative period (i.e., the first 6 months after surgery), focusing on the normal healing process that so often mimics complicating or recurrent disease.

  17. Early diagnosis of acute postoperative renal transplant rejection by indium-111-labeled platelet scintigraphy

    SciTech Connect

    Tisdale, P.L.; Collier, B.D.; Kauffman, H.M.; Adams, M.B.; Isitman, A.T.; Hellman, R.S.; Hoffmann, R.G.; Rao, S.A.; Joestgen, T.; Krohn, L.

    1986-08-01

    A prospective evaluation of /sup 111/In-labeled platelet scintigraphy (IPS) for the early diagnosis of acute postoperative renal transplant rejection (TR) was undertaken. The results of IPS were compared with in vitro biochemical tests, the clinical finding of graft tenderness, and combined (/sup 99m/Tc)DTPA and (/sup 131/I)orthoiodohippurate scintigraphy. With a sensitivity of 0.93 and a specificity of 0.95, IPS provided otherwise unavailable diagnostic information. Furthermore, postoperative IPS was a good predictor of long-term allograft survival.

  18. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch modifies plasma chemerin in early and late post-operative periods.

    PubMed

    Parlee, Sebastian D; Wang, Yan; Poirier, Paul; Lapointe, Marc; Martin, Julie; Bastien, Marjorie; Cianflone, Katherine; Goralski, Kerry B

    2015-06-01

    Bariatric surgery remains the most effective treatment for obesity and metabolic syndrome. Surgical benefit arises from early-phase resolution of hyperglycemia and late-phase weight loss. The adipokine chemerin is of interest given its roles in immunity, adipogenesis, and metabolism. The study objective was to examine the effects of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) on plasma chemerin in the early and late post-operative stages. 83 adults with obesity undergoing BPD-DS, 45 obese non-surgical controls, and 9 lean surgical controls were enrolled. Plasma parameters and anthropometric measures were obtained at baseline and at, early (24 h, 5 D) and late (6 months and 12 months) post-operative stages. Plasma chemerin dropped from 176±49 ng/mL at baseline to 132±52 ng/mL 24 h after BPD-DS, rebounded to 200±66 ng/mL after 5 D, and declined to 124±51 and 110±34 ng/mL after 6 and 12 months. Plasma chemerin correlated negatively with measures of inflammation and hepatic injury and positively with measures of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and inflammation in the early and late post-operative periods, respectively. Chemerin has a novel role in surgical injury but not hyperglycemia resolution early after BPD-DS. Over the long term, plasma chemerin declines to a new set point that is partially determined by body fat reductions. © 2015 The Obesity Society.

  19. Early post-operative ventricular arrhythmias in patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices.

    PubMed

    Garan, Arthur R; Levin, Allison P; Topkara, Veli; Thomas, Sunu S; Yuzefpolskaya, Melana; Colombo, Paolo C; Takeda, Koji; Takayama, Hiroo; Naka, Yoshifumi; Whang, William; Jorde, Ulrich P; Uriel, Nir

    2015-12-01

    Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) are common in patients with a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD). The causes and clinical significance of early post-operative VAs have not previously been characterized in these patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence, precipitants, and clinical impact of early VAs in patients supported by CF-LVADs. Patients with a long-term CF-LVAD receiving care between January 1, 2012, and March 1, 2014, were enrolled and followed prospectively. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) were interrogated at baseline and throughout the follow-up period. VA was defined as ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation lasting >30 seconds or effectively terminated by appropriate ICD tachytherapy or external defibrillation. The primary end-point was the occurrence of early VAs (within 30 days of surgery). Secondary end-points were right ventricular (RV) failure and need for VA ablation. There were 162 patients enrolled, and 38 (23.5%) experienced at least 1 early VA. Predictors of early VA were a history of pre-operative VAs, non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, and older age. Several conditions frequently encountered in the early post-operative period were identified as possible precipitants for VA episodes. Early VAs were associated with post-operative RV failure, particularly when patients received shocks instead of anti-tachycardia pacing. Early VAs are common and are associated with RV failure. ICD shocks, but not anti-tachycardia pacing, for early VAs are associated with acute worsening of RV failure. Copyright © 2015 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. [Electrolyte disorders in cadaveric kidney donors before explantation and the functional development of the transplant in the early postoperative period].

    PubMed

    Teplan, V; Schück, O; Nádvorníková, H; Vránová, Z; Kocandrle, V; Martínek, V; Englis, M

    1990-01-01

    In a group of cadaveric kidney transplantations the problem of the dependence of the functional development of the graft on the function of donor kidney before explanation and on the total time of ischaemia in the immediate postoperative period was investigated. Based on the plasma concentration of endogenous creatinine (PKr), urea (PUrea) and the total ischaemic time (GI), the early function of the graft cannot be predicted. On the contrary, the values of PKr, GI and the kidney index (NIKI = PKr x GI) allow an accurate prediction that the early function of the graft will not be sufficient. Early function of the graft is not likely to develop when PKr is higher than 160 mumol/l, total ischaemic time is longer than 30 hours and the NIKI is over 3,500. Severe alterations in the level of serum potassium (SK) occurred in 61.4% of the donors. In cases where SK was 3.0 mmol/l or less, early function of the graft did not develop in 82.3%. With high probability haemodialysis was necessary. More pronounced alterations of the level of SNa occurred in more than 60% of the donors. When SNa was 125 mmol/l or less, early function of the graft did not develop in 76%. Diuresis over 400 ml/h increased significantly the number of early nonfunctional grafts. In cases where fractional sodium excretion (FENa) was over 5%, early function of the graft did not develop. With a FENa less or equal to 1%, early function of the graft was most likely to develop.

  1. [Usefulness of upper gastrointestinal series to detect leaks in the early postoperative period of bariatric surgery].

    PubMed

    Medina, Francisco J; Miranda-Merchak, Andrés; Martínez, Alonso; Sánchez, Felipe; Bravo, Sebastián; Contreras, Juan Eduardo; Alliende, Isabel; Canals, Andrea

    2016-04-01

    Postoperative leaks are the most undesirable complication of bariatric surgery and upper gastrointestinal (GI) series are routinely ordered to rule them out. Despite the published literature recommending against its routine use, it is still being customarily used in Chile. To examine the usefulness of routine upper GI series using water-soluble iodinated contrast media for the detection of early postoperative leaks in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. A cohort of 328 patients subjected to bariatric surgery was followed from October 2012 to October 2013. Most of them underwent sleeve gastrectomy. Upper GI series on the first postoperative day were ordered to 308 (94%) patients. Postoperative leaks were observed in two patients, with an incidence of 0.6%. The sensitivity for upper GI series detection of leak was 0% and the negative predictive value was 99%. Routine upper GI series after bariatric surgery is not useful for the diagnosis of postoperative leak, given the low incidence of this complication and the low sensitivity of the technique.

  2. Preoperative pregabalin prolongs duration of spinal anesthesia and reduces early postoperative pain

    PubMed Central

    Park, MiHye; Jeon, Younghoon

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: The administration of oral pregabalin preoperatively has been reported to reduce acute postoperative pain. However, no clinical study to date has yet fully investigated whether or not pregabalin premedication affects sensory and motor blocks using spinal anesthesia and its effect upon early postoperative pain management. This prospective, randomized, and double-blind clinical study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a single dose of pregabalin in terms of spinal blockade duration and its potential opioid-sparing effect during the first 24 hours subsequent to urogenital surgery. Methods: Forty-four patients scheduled for urogenital surgery under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated to 2 groups: group C (no premedication; orally administered placebo 2 hours before surgery) and group P (orally administered 150 mg pregabalin 2 hours before surgery). Results: The duration of sensory and motor blockade was significantly prolonged in group P patients when compared with that in group C patients, and the pain scores at postoperative 6 and 24 hours were significantly lower in group P patients. Requests for analgesics during the first postoperative 24 hours were lower among group P patients. Conclusion: Premedication with a single dose of 150 mg pregabalin before surgery promoted the efficacy of intrathecal bupivacaine and improved postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing urogenital surgery under spinal anesthesia. PMID:27603398

  3. Factors responsible for early postoperative mental alterations after bilateral implantation of subthalamic electrodes.

    PubMed

    Hrabovsky, D; Balaz, M; Rab, M; Feitova, V; Hummelova, Z; Novak, Z; Chrastina, J

    2017-04-01

    Early postoperative mental changes are the most frequent problem after bilateral subthalamic electrode implantation. The study aims to find an association between them and factors related to patient, disease and surgery, including the size of the third ventricle as brain atrophy marker. The study included 80 patients with bilateral subthalamic electrodes implanted for motor complications of Parkinson's disease (PD). Patients' age, disease and motor complications duration, medication, neuropsychological tests, surgical reports, third ventricle length (intercommissural distance) and width (intermammillary distance) were analysed. Early mental alterations requiring treatment were observed in 25.0% of patients with higher age being significant predictor. The duration of PD motor complications, L DOPA equivalent dose, DSR Mattis, third ventricle length and width were not statistically significant predictors. The incidence of postoperative mental alteration with intermammillary distance > 8 mm was 60%. The percentage of left sided electrodes implanted in anterior trajectory is significantly higher in patients with early mental changes. Higher age is a risk factor for early postoperative mental changes, but not disease, late motor complications duration and parameters describing third ventricular size except the excessive intermammillary distance. Left sided electrode implanted in anterior position is a risk factor.

  4. Low fat-containing elemental formula is effective for postoperative recovery and potentially useful for preventing chyle leak during postoperative early enteral nutrition after esophagectomy.

    PubMed

    Moro, Kazuki; Koyama, Yu; Kosugi, Shin-Ichi; Ishikawa, Takashi; Ichikawa, Hiroshi; Hanyu, Takaaki; Miura, Kohei; Nagahashi, Masayuki; Nakajima, Masato; Tatsuda, Kumiko; Tsuchida, Junko; Toshikawa, Chie; Ikarashi, Mayuko; Shimada, Yoshifumi; Sakata, Jun; Kobayashi, Takashi; Kameyama, Hitoshi; Wakai, Toshifumi

    2016-12-01

    Transthoracic esophagectomy using 3-field lymphadenectomy (TTE-3FL) for esophageal cancer is one of the most aggressive gastrointestinal surgeries. Early enteral nutrition (EN) for TTE-3FL patients is useful and valid for early recovery; however, EN using a fat-containing formula risks inducing chyle leak. In the present study, we retrospectively examined esophageal cancer patients treated byTTE-3FL and administered postoperative EN to elucidate the validity of lowering the fat levels in elemental formulas to prevent postoperative chyle leak and improve postoperative recovery. A total of 74 patients who received TTE-3FL for esophageal cancer were retrospectively examined. Patients were classified into two groups according to the type of postoperative EN: Group LF patients received a low-fat elemental formula, and Group F patients received a standard fat-containing polymeric formula. The following clinical factors were compared between the groups: EN start day, maximum EN calories administered, duration of respirator use, length of ICU stay, incidence of postoperative infectious complications, use of parenteral nutrition (PN), and incidence of postoperative chyle leak. Patients in Group LF were started on EN significantly earlier after surgery and they consumed significantly higher maximum EN calories compared to Group F patients (P < 0.01). Duration of respirator use and length of ICU stay were also significantly shorter, and TPN was used significantly less in Group LF compared to Group F (P < 0.05). Postoperative chyle leak was observed in six patients in total (8.1%); five patients in Group F and one patient in Group LF, although there was no significant difference in frequency of chyle leak per patient between Group LF and Group F. Early EN using low-fat elemental formula after esophagectomy with three-field lymphadenectomy was safe and valid for postoperative recovery and potentially useful in preventing chyle leak. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published

  5. Continuous irrigation and drainage for early postoperative deep wound infection after posterior instrumented spinal fusion.

    PubMed

    Lian, Xiao-Feng; Xu, Jian-Guang; Zeng, Bing-Fang; Liu, Xiao-Kang; Li, Hao; Qiu, Man-le; Yang, Er-Zhu

    2014-12-01

    A retrospective study of clinical cases. To evaluate the efficacy of continuous irrigation and drainage for early postoperative deep wound infection after posterior instrumented spinal fusion. Aggressive debridement and irrigation has been recommended to treat postoperative wound infections after instrumented spinal fusion. However, this method of management, indicating repeating visits to the operating room until the wound is clean enough for closure, often results in prolonged hospitalization, increased cost, and sometimes compromise of the desired outcome. We hypothesize that repeat visits to the operating room for debridements can be avoided by aggressive debridements and primary closure with continuous irrigation and drainage for postoperative wound infections. From 2004 to 2009, 23 patients with early postoperative deep wound infections after spinal fusion with instrumentation were surgically treated with thorough debridement and primary closure with continuous irrigation and drainage. All patients were followed up for 30.6 months (range, 24-54 mo). The mean duration of irrigation was 12.0 days (range, 7-16 d). In 21 patients (91.3%), the wound healed after continuous irrigation. The removal of the instrumentation or cages was not required in any case. Spinal fusion was achieved in all cases, except 1, where the patient developed a pseudoarthrosis at the L4-L5 level after L4-S1 fusion. The mean ODI for these 23 patients improved significantly from 53.4±18.7 preoperatively to 18.3±11.2 at the final follow-up visit (P<0.001). The mean JOA scores increased significantly from 15.5±4.1 preoperatively to 24.3±3.8 at the final follow-up (P<0.001). Continuous irrigation and drainage is an effective and safe method for the treatment of early postoperative deep wound infection after posterior instrumented spinal fusion.

  6. Impact of early postoperative enteral nutrition on clinical outcomes in patients with gastric cancer.

    PubMed

    Li, B; Liu, H Y; Guo, S H; Sun, P; Gong, F M; Jia, B Q

    2015-06-29

    The impact of early enteral nutrition (EEN) on clinical outcomes of gastric cancer patients was investigated. Three hundred pa-tients undergoing gastric cancer surgery from July 2010 to May 2014 were randomly divided into experimental and control groups (n = 150/group). Experimental group patients received enteral nutrition in water during the early postoperative period. Control group patients received conventional perioperative treatment. Patients' clinical outcomes, post-operative immune function, and nutritional statuses were compared, which revealed that the postoperative fever duration (80.2 ± 6.0 vs 88.1 ± 8.1 h, P < 0.05), anal exhaust time (78.8 ± 9.3 vs 85.3 ± 8.4 h, P < 0.05), and length of hospitalization (7.73 ± 2.13 vs 9.77 ± 1.76 days, P < 0.01) differed significantly. Treatment costs in thousands of dol-lars were 31.24 ± 3.21 for the experimental group and 35.61 ± 2.32 for the control group; this difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). The incidence of postoperative complications did not significantly differ between the experimental and control groups [14.0% (21/150) vs 17.3% (26/150), P > 0.05]. At postoperative days 3 and 7, the CD3(+), CD4(+), natural killer cell, albumin, and prealbumin levels and CD4(+)/CD8(+) ra-tio were significantly higher in the experimental group than the control group (all P < 0.05). CD8(+) cell counts were significantly lower in the experimental group than the control group (P < 0.05). Postsurgical oral EEN can improve nutritional status and immune function and promote early recovery of intestinal function in patients with gastric cancer.

  7. Early post-operative results after repair of traumatic brachial plexus palsy.

    PubMed

    Mohammad-Reda, Ahmad

    2013-01-01

    Treatment options for traumatic brachial plexus injuries include nerve grafting, or neurotization. The type of lesion and the reconstructive procedures affect functional results and postoperative pain relief. A total number of twenty five patients suffering from post-traumatic brachial plexus injury were included in the study. The patients underwent exploration and primary repair of the affected plexus, based on case by case policy. Spinal accessory nerve transfer to suprascapular nerve procedure regained 78.95% of functional muscle power, 10.50% of non functional muscle power and only 10.5 % of non innervated muscle. The Oberlin procedure regained 83.33% with elbow flexion muscle power, 16.67% with non functional muscle power. Intercostal nerve transfer to musculocutaneous nerve regained 62.5% with functional muscle power, 25% with non functional muscle power and only 12.5 % with non innervated muscle. The shoulder, elbow and wrist extension functions were significantly improved early post-operatively. In addition, the post-operative improvement of shoulder, elbow and wrist extension functions had significant negative correlations with the pre-operative elapsed time, and accompanied by a significant positive correlation with post-operative follow up period. Early intervention for traumatic brachial plexus palsy is recommended to get good results with pain relief.

  8. Low immediate postoperative serum-cortisol nadir predicts the short-term, but not long-term, remission after pituitary surgery for Cushing's disease.

    PubMed

    Ramm-Pettersen, Jon; Halvorsen, Helene; Evang, Johan Arild; Rønning, Pål; Hol, Per Kristian; Bollerslev, Jens; Berg-Johnsen, Jon; Helseth, Eirik

    2015-10-25

    Cushing's disease is an ACTH-producing pituitary adenoma, and the primary treatment is microscopic or endoscopic transsphenoidal selective adenectomy. The aims of the present study were to evaluate whether the early postoperative S-cortisol level can serve as a prognostic marker for short- and long-term remission, and retrospectively review our own short and long term results after surgery for Cushing's disease. This single centre, retrospective study consists of 19 consecutive patients with Cushing's disease who underwent transsphenoidal surgery. S-cortisol was measured every 6 h after the operation without any glucocorticoid replacement. We have follow-up on all patients, with a mean follow-up of 68 months. At the three-month follow-up, 16 patients (84 %) were in remission; at 12 months, 18 (95 %) were in remission and at the final follow-up (mean 68 months), 13 (68 %) were in remission. Five-years recurrence rate was 26 %. The mean postoperative S-cortisol nadir was significantly lower in the group of patients in remission than in the non-remission group at 3 months, but there was no difference between those in long-term remission compared to those in long-term non-remission. The optimal cut-off value for classifying 3-month remission was 74 nmol/l. We achieved a 95 % 1-year remission rate with transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease in this series of consecutive patients. However, the 5-year recurrence rate was 26 %, showing the need for regular clinical and biochemical controls in this patient group. The mean postoperative serum-cortisol nadir was significantly lower in patients in remission at 3 months compared to patients not in remission at 3 months, but a low postoperative S-cortisol did not predict long-term remission.

  9. [Effects of combined use of therapeutic physical factors on early postoperative adhesion process in experiment].

    PubMed

    Gobedzhishvili, V K; Lavreshin, P M; Ovchrenko, L M

    2006-01-01

    Experimental adhesion process in the abdominal cavity was provoked in 36 guinea-pigs by autoimmune injury of the abdomen. The adhesions were exposed to impulse magnetic field and low-intensive infra-red laser radiation. The effects of the latter modalities on adhesion in early postoperative period, further use of lidase electrophoresis and ultrasound were studied. A combined action of various physical factors changes adhesion process: limits adhesion and visceral deformity, makes adhesions elastic.

  10. A combination of preoperative CT findings and postoperative serum CEA levels improves recurrence prediction for stage I lung adenocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Yamazaki, Motohiko; Ishikawa, Hiroyuki; Kunii, Ryosuke; Tasaki, Akiko; Sato, Suguru; Ikeda, Yohei; Yoshimura, Norihiko; Hashimoto, Takehisa; Tsuchida, Masanori; Aoyama, Hidefumi

    2015-01-01

    To assess the prognostic value of combined evaluation of preoperative CT findings and pre/postoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels for pathological stage I lung adenocarcinoma. This retrospective study included 250 consecutive patients who underwent complete resection for ≤ 3-cm pathological stage I (T1-2aN0M0) adenocarcinomas (132 men, 118 women; mean age, 67.8 years). Radiologists evaluated following CT findings: maximum tumor diameter, percentage of solid component (%solid), air bronchogram, spiculation, adjacency of bullae or interstitial pneumonia (IP) around the tumor, notch, and pleural indent. These CT findings, pre/postoperative CEA levels, age, gender, and Brinkman index were assessed by Cox proportional hazards model to determine the best prognostic model. Prognostic accuracy was examined using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Median follow-up period was 73.2 months. In multivariate analysis, high %solid, adjacency of bullae or IP around the tumor, and high postoperative CEA levels comprised the best combination for predicting recurrence (P<0.05). A combination of these three findings had a greater accuracy in predicting 5-year disease-free survival than did %solid alone (AUC=0.853 versus 0.792; P=0.023), with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 74.3% at the optimal threshold. The best cut-off values of %solid and postoperative CEA levels for predicting high-risk patients were ≥ 48% and ≥ 3.7 ng/mL, respectively. Compared to %solid alone, combined evaluation of %solid, adjacency of bullae or IP change around the tumor, and postoperative CEA levels improves recurrence prediction for stage I lung adenocarcinoma. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Early postoperative severity of illness predicts outcomes after the stage I Norwood procedure.

    PubMed

    Karamichalis, John M; del Nido, Pedro J; Thiagarajan, Ravi R; Jenkins, Kathy J; Liu, Hua; Gauvreau, Kimberlee; Pigula, Frank A; Fynn-Thompson, Francis E; Emani, Sitaram M; Mayer, John E; Bacha, Emile A

    2011-08-01

    We hypothesize that a measure of the immediate postoperative severity of illness after the stage I Norwood operation reflects technical performance or the adequacy of anatomic repair and can serve as a predictor of hospital mortality, reinterventions, and clinical outcomes. One hundred thirty-five patients undergoing stage I were retrospectively studied (2004 to 2007). The severity of illness on postoperative day 1 (POD1) was measured using the Pediatric Risk of Mortality III (PRISM) scoring system. Technical performance scores (optimal, adequate, inadequate) were calculated before hospital discharge. Hospital mortality, postoperative reinterventions, and complications were recorded. Postoperative reintervention was defined as need for cardiac catheterization laboratory or operating room based procedure that included balloon dilation or repair of arch obstruction, shunt revision, reoperations for bleeding, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. Hospital mortality was 14.1% (n=19). The rate of complications and reinterventions was, respectively, 28.1% (n=38) and 26.7% (n=36). The POD1 PRISM score was associated with technical performance (p=0.003). Higher POD1 PRISM scores were associated with mortality (p<0.001), complications (p<0.001), and reinterventions (p=0.001). The POD1 PRISM score had high discrimination for mortality, complications, reinterventions, and inadequate technical performance (areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.835, 0.776, 0.773, and 0.710, respectively; p≤0.001 for all). The severity of illness as measured by PRISM score on POD1 after the stage I Norwood operation has strong association and discrimination with hospital mortality, postoperative reinterventions, inadequate technical performance, and major postoperative complications. It may be used as an early surrogate of technical performance to initiate a search for and correction of technical deficiencies. Copyright © 2011 The Society of Thoracic

  12. Comparison of early postoperative clinical outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy and lamellar epithelial debridement.

    PubMed

    Youm, Dong Ju; Tchah, Hungwon; Choi, Chul Young

    2009-04-01

    To compare early postoperative clinical outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and lamellar epithelial debridement (LED). Department of Ophthalmology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul, Korea. This prospective study was of patients randomly assigned to have PRK or LED. In the LED group, an epithelial flap was created using an Amadeus II epikeratome. Postoperative follow-up was at 1, 3, and 7 days and 1, 3, and 6 months. The outcome parameters were uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), higher-order aberrations (HOAs), epithelial healing time, and corneal haze. The study comprised 39 patients (76 eyes). The mean preoperative spherical equivalent (SE) was -3.96 diopters (D) +/- 1.24 (SD) in the PRK group and -4.06 +/- 1.39 D in the LED group. Postoperative UCVA was significantly better in the LED group 1 day postoperatively. The UCVA was 20/20 or better in 14.6% in the PRK group and 42.9% in the LED group (P = .006); 20/25 or better in 41.5% and 82.9%, respectively (P = .000); and 20/40 or better in 80.5% and 100%, respectively (P = .006). On subsequent follow-up visits, the UCVA was comparable between groups. No eye lost lines of BCVA at 3 months. There was no difference between groups in postoperative SE refraction, HOAs, or corneal haze. Lamellar epithelial debridement and PRK had comparable safety and efficacy in the surgical correction of low to moderate myopia. The UCVA was significantly better after LED than after PRK 1 day postoperatively and equivalent thereafter.

  13. Influence of ethnicity on the perception and treatment of early post-operative pain

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Simon; Griffin-Teall, Nicola; Thompson, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Background: Previous studies indicated that patients from Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups tend to receive less analgesics compared to Caucasian (White) patients after similar surgical procedures. Most such data originated from North America and suggested that health-care professionals may perceive the expression of excessive pain by BAME patient groups as an exaggerated response to pain, rather than sub-optimal treatment. There are limited data comparing acute pain management between South Asian and White British patients. Objective: We aimed to investigate correlation between patients’ ethnicity and disparities of early post-operative pain perception/management, in an ethnically diverse population. Methods: We conducted a retrospective case note review of acute post-operative pain after total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) in 60 South Asian and 60 age-matched White British females. Data for 140 variables (pre-, intra- and post-operative) for each patient were recorded. We used propensity score matching to produce 30 closely matched patients in each group minimizing effects of recorded co-variates. Data were analysed with and without propensity score matching. Results: There were no significant differences in acute post-operative pain scores, morphine requirements, pain management, adverse effects or duration of post-operative care unit stay between South Asian and White British patients. The median duration of hospital stay of South Asian patients was longer (4.5 days versus 3.0 days, p < 0.001). Conclusion: We conclude that in an institution where both patients and health-care professionals are from an ethnically diverse population, neither post-operative pain nor pain management are influenced significantly by South Asian ethnicity. PMID:26516573

  14. Randomized Clinical Trial for Early Postoperative Complications of Ex-PRESS Implantation versus Trabeculectomy: Complications Postoperatively of Ex-PRESS versus Trabeculectomy Study (CPETS).

    PubMed

    Arimura, Shogo; Takihara, Yuji; Miyake, Seiji; Iwasaki, Kentaro; Gozawa, Makoto; Matsumura, Takehiro; Tomomatsu, Takeshi; Takamura, Yoshihiro; Inatani, Masaru

    2016-05-17

    We compared early postoperative complications between trabeculectomy and Ex-PRESS implantation. Enrolled patients with 39 primary open-angle or 25 exfoliative glaucoma were randomly assigned to receive trabeculectomy (trabeculectomy group) or Ex-PRESS implantation (Ex-PRESS group). Primary outcomes were early postoperative complications, including postoperative anterior chamber inflammation, frequencies of hyphema, flat anterior chamber, choroidal detachment, hypotonic maculopathy, and the change of visual acuity. The postoperative flare values in trabeculectomy group were higher than those in the Ex-PRESS group (overall, P = 0.004; and 10 days, P = 0.02). Hyphema occurred significantly more frequently in the trabeculectomy group (P = 0.0025). There were no significant differences of the other primary outcomes between the two groups. Additionally, duration of anterior chamber opening was significantly shorter in the Ex-PRESS group (P = 0.0002) and the eyes that had iris contact with Ex-PRESS tube had significantly shallower anterior chambers than did the eyes without the iris contact (P = 0.013). The Ex-PRESS implantation prevented early postoperative inflammation and hyphema in the anterior chamber and shortened the duration of anterior chamber opening. Iris contact with the Ex-PRESS tube occurred more frequently in eyes with open-angle glaucoma and shallow anterior chambers.

  15. Cardiac catheterization in the early post-operative period after congenital cardiac surgery.

    PubMed

    Nicholson, George T; Kim, Dennis W; Vincent, Robert N; Kogon, Brian E; Miller, Bruce E; Petit, Christopher J

    2014-12-01

    This study sought to demonstrate that early cardiac catheterization, whether used solely as a diagnostic modality or for the use of transcatheter interventional techniques, can be used effectively and with an acceptable risk in the post-operative period. Cardiac catheterization offers important treatment for patients with congenital heart disease. Early post-operative cardiac catheterization is often necessary to diagnose and treat residual anatomic defects. Experience with interventional catheterization to address post-operative concerns is limited. This was a retrospective cohort study. The medical and catheterization data of pediatric patients who underwent a cardiac catheterization ≤30 days after congenital heart surgery between November 2004 and July 2013 were reviewed. Patients who underwent right heart catheterization and endomyocardial biopsy after heart transplantation were excluded. A total of 219 catheterizations (91 interventional procedures, 128 noninterventional catheterizations) were performed on 193 patients. Sixty-five interventions (71.43%) were dilations, either balloon angioplasty or stent implantation. There was no difference in survival to hospital discharge between those who underwent an interventional versus noninterventional catheterization (p = 0.93). One-year post-operative survival was comparable between those who underwent an intervention (66%) versus diagnostic (71%) catheterization (p = 0.58). There was no difference in the incidence of major or minor complications between the interventional and diagnostic catheterization cohorts (p = 0.21). Cardiac catheterization, including transcatheter interventions, can be performed safely in the immediate post-operative period after congenital heart surgery. Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. [ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC PREDICTORS OF THE SEVERITY OF THE EARLY POSTOPERATIVE PERIOD IN PATIENTS AFTER SURGICAL MYOCARDIAL REVASCULARIZATION].

    PubMed

    Bockeria, L A; Sokolskaya, N O; Kopylova, N S; Alshibaya, M M

    2015-01-01

    Non-invasive and easily interpretable methods for assessing cardiac hemodynainic parameters including various echocardiographic technologies are highly valuable diagnostic methods in cardiac surgery patients admitting the intensive care unit in the postoperative period. The article presents echocardiographic features of the myocardial functional state in the early period after coronary artery bypass grafting performed in 201 CHD patients. The analysis includes standard echocardiographic parameters and data obtained from tissue Doppler imaging. Tissue Doppler imaging has shown to be informative for diagnosing heart failure. Low left ventricular volumes and restrictive type myocardial diastolic dysfunction have proven to be early echocardiographic predictors of poor prognosis in CAD patients after myocardial revascularization.

  17. Routine early CT scanning after craniotomy: is it effective for the early detection of postoperative intracranial hematoma?

    PubMed

    Wen, Liang; Yang, Xiao-Feng; Jiang, Hao; Wang, Hao; Zhan, Ren-Ya

    2016-08-01

    Postoperative intracranial hematoma (POIH) is a frequent sequela secondary to cranial surgery. The role of routine early postoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning in the detection of POIH remains controversial. The study was aimed at analyzing the effect of routine early CT scanning after craniotomy for the early detection of POIH. Routine early postoperative CT scanning was performed at our institute, and a retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data. POIH was defined as an intracranial hematoma requiring surgical management. A total of 1,148 patients undergoing craniotomy were included in this study; 28 of these patients developed POIH. The majority of POIH cases (15/28, 54 %) were detected during the first 6 h following craniotomy. A routine CT scan was performed on all included patients but two; however, CT scans detected only 16 POIH cases. During the first 6 h, the rate at which CT scans detected POIH was 1.9 % (15/786); subsequently, the rate decreased to only 0.3 % (1/360; p < 0.05, compared with the rate during the first 6 h). Among patients without clinical manifestations, the rate at which the routine post-craniotomy CT scan detected POIH was only 0.7 % (5/721) (p < 0.05, compared with the incidence of POIH). Finally, among high-risk POIH patients, the POIH-positive rate of routine CT scanning was elevated. It appears that routine early CT scan is ineffective for the detection of POIH in patients undergoing craniotomy. However, if the strategy for routine scanning can be improved, its effect may be beneficial.

  18. Impact of Preoperative Serum Vitamin D Level on Postoperative Complications and Excess Weight Loss After Gastric Bypass.

    PubMed

    Schaaf, Caroline; Gugenheim, Jean

    2017-08-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the impact of hypovitaminosis D on Gastric Bypass outcomes. We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent primary intention Gastric Bypass in our center between January 2012 and December 2013. Postoperative complications, 1 and 2-year excess weight loss were compared between patients with and without hypovitaminosis D. Among 258 patients who met inclusion criteria, 56 (21.7%) presented with vitamin D deficiency. Mean age was 41.73 ± 12.95 years. Mean BMI was 40.90 kg/m(2) (34-58 kg/m(2)). No statistically significant difference in postoperative complication rate was found between patients with and without hypovitaminosis D. Mean 1-year excess weight loss was 75.24%. In patients with vitamin D deficiency mean 1-year excess weight loss was 71.90 versus 76.15% in patients with optimal serum vitamin D level (p = 0.17). No significant difference was found after a 2-year follow-up. In patients presenting with vitamin D insufficiency, 1-year excess weight loss was 75.64 versus 79.34% in patients with optimal serum vitamin D level (p = 0.53). After a 2-year follow-up, there was a significant difference between patients presenting with and without vitamin D insufficiency (79.45 versus 91.71%; p = 0.01) and between patients presenting with and without hypovitaminosis D (80.50 versus 91.71%; p = 0.01). In our study, hypovitaminosis D seemed to have a negative impact on long term excess weight loss, but not on short-term outcome or postoperative complications. The role of systematic supplementation before bariatric surgery has to be explored in prospective studies.

  19. Ultrasound and early tape mobilization--a practical solution for treating postoperative voiding dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Rautenberg, Oliver; Kociszewski, Jacek; Welter, JoEllen; Kuszka, Andrzej; Eberhard, Jakob; Viereck, Volker

    2014-09-01

    This study assessed the effectiveness of ultrasound in determining tape distance to urethra and the impact of early tape mobilization on outcomes in women with postoperative voiding dysfunction resulting from a too tightly positioned tension-free vaginal tape (TVT). A prospective observational study was conducted with women experiencing voiding dysfunction caused by too tightly positioned tapes. Ultrasound was used to identify the cause of the dysfunction and measure the distance between tape and longitudinal smooth muscle layer (LSM) of the urethra. If the tape was too close to the LSM (<3 mm) and the residual volume was >100 ml, it was mobilized under local/analgosedation shortly after the initial TVT procedure. Seventy-one postoperative TVT mobilization procedures were conducted on 61 women, which was 4.1% (61/1501) of all suburethral tape procedures performed. Early tape mobilization restored normal micturition in 59 (96.7%) of the women at the time of discharge. Significant differences were found in residual volumes (P < 0.001) and tape-LSM distances (P < 0.001) pre- and post-mobilization. At 6-month follow-up visits, 58 (95.1%) women were cured of SUI, three were incontinent, and no additional voiding dysfunction occurred. Immediate postoperative ultrasound can reliably detect too tightly positioned tapes that can be promptly treated with tape mobilization, a short and safe procedure that does not compromise the outcome of the original procedure. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Early postoperative bone scintigraphy in the evaluation of microvascular bone grafts in head and neck reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Schuepbach, Jonas; Dassonville, Olivier; Poissonnet, Gilles; Demard, Francois

    2007-01-01

    Background Bone scintigraphy was performed to monitor anastomotic patency and bone viability. Methods In this retrospective study, bone scans were carried out during the first three postoperative days in a series of 60 patients who underwent microvascular bone grafting for reconstruction of the mandible or maxilla. Results In our series, early bone scans detected a compromised vascular supply to the bone with high accuracy (p < 10-6) and a sensitivity that was superior to the sensitivity of clinical monitoring (92% and 75% respectively). Conclusion When performing bone scintigraphy during the first three postoperative days, it not only helps to detect complications with high accuracy, as described in earlier studies, but it is also an additional reliable monitoring tool to decide whether or not microvascular revision surgery should be performed. Bone scans were especially useful in buried free flaps where early postoperative monitoring depended exclusively on scans. According to our experience, we recommend bone scans as soon as possible after surgery and immediately in cases suspicious of vascularized bone graft failure. PMID:17448223

  1. Detection of transplant renal artery stenosis in the early postoperative period with analysis of parenchymal perfusion with ultrasound contrast agent.

    PubMed

    Grzelak, Piotr; Kurnatowska, Ilona; Nowicki, Michał; Muras, Katarzyna; Podgórski, Michał; Strzelczyk, Janusz; Stefańczyk, Ludomir

    2013-04-26

    Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is a serious vascular complication due to non-specific clinical manifestations, causing serious diagnostic difficulties. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CE-US) can complement standard sonographic examination in evaluation of TRAS. Standard ultrasound B presentation, extended with color Doppler assessment of the flow spectrum and CE-US, was carried out in the early postoperative period in a group of 180 patients who underwent kidney transplantation. In CE-US analysis, the maximum contrast agent perfusion to the cortex and renal pyramids was evaluated. In 15 patients with sonographically diagnosed TRAS, magnetic resonance angiography and computer tomography angiography were performed to confirm the diagnosis. In patients with TRAS, significantly longer time of contrast agent (CE) inflow was observed in comparison to patients without perfusion disturbances (3.47 s vs. 1.5 s, p<0.000 for cortex; 6.01 vs. 2.09 s for pyramids, p<0.000). The rate of CE inflow was strongly positively correlated with severity of stenosis assessed on the basis of CTA/MRA examination (R=0.97 for cortex and 0.9 for pyramids; p<0.001). Six months after kidney transplantation, patients with a history of TRAS had significantly higher serum creatinine level than recipients with normal renal artery blood flow (1.76 mg/dL vs. 1.53 mg/dl, p<0.02). Estimated GFR was decreased to 35.9 ml/min vs. 46.5 ml/min, respectively (p<0.05). Contrast-enhanced ultrasound allows for quick and non-invasive assessment of parenchymal kidney graft perfusion. It enables confirmation of TRAS diagnosis in the early postoperative period and helps assess the degree of stenosis.

  2. Early postoperative changes in cerebral oxygen metabolism following neonatal cardiac surgery: Effects of surgical duration

    PubMed Central

    Buckley, Erin M.; Lynch, Jennifer M.; Goff, Donna A.; Schwab, Peter J.; Baker, Wesley B.; Durduran, Turgut; Busch, David R.; Nicolson, Susan C.; Montenegro, Lisa M.; Naim, Maryam Y.; Xiao, Rui; Spray, Thomas L.; Yodh, A. G.; Gaynor, J. William; Licht, Daniel J.

    2013-01-01

    Objective The early postoperative period following neonatal cardiac surgery is a time of increased risk for brain injury, yet the mechanisms underlying this risk are unknown. To understand these risks more completely, we quantified changes in postoperative cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), and cerebral blood flow (CBF) compared with preoperative levels by using noninvasive optical modalities. Methods Diffuse optical spectroscopy and diffuse correlation spectroscopy were used concurrently to derive cerebral blood flow and oxygen utilization postoperatively for 12 hours. Relative changes in CMRO2, OEF, and CBF were quantified with reference to preoperative data. A mixed-effect model was used to investigate the influence of total support time and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest duration on relative changes in CMRO2, OEF, and CBF. Results Relative changes in CMRO2, OEF, and CBF were assessed in 36 patients, 21 with single-ventricle defects and 15 with 2-ventricle defects. Among patients with single-ventricle lesions, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest duration did not affect relative changes in CMRO2, CBF, or OEF (P > .05). Among 2-ventricle patients, total support time was not a significant predictor of relative changes in CMRO2 or CBF (P > .05), although longer total support time was associated significantly with greater increases in relative change of postoperative OEF (P = .008). Conclusions Noninvasive diffuse optical techniques were used to quantify postoperative relative changes in CMRO2, CBF, and OEF for the first time in this observational pilot study. Pilot data suggest that surgical duration does not account for observed variability in the relative change in CMRO2, and that more comprehensive clinical studies using the new technology are feasible and warranted to elucidate these issues further. PMID:23111021

  3. [Risk factors for early postoperative death after total correction of tetralogy of Fallot: analysis of 20 cases].

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiao-Wu; Zhang, Wei-Da; Yuan, Bin-Bin; Mei, Ru-Gang; Wang, Xiao-Li; Li, Jie

    2009-06-01

    To identify the risk factors of early postoperative death after total correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). A retrospective analysis was conducted among 356 patients undergoing total correction of TOF by opening heart surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass. Of these patients, 20 died in the early postoperative period, and the possible risk factors for early postoperative death were analyzed in view of the surgical indication, surgical approaches, myocardial protection and postoperative management. Of the 20 fatal cases, death occurred due to low cardiac output syndrome in 11 cases, respiratory failure in 4 cases, kidney failure or multiple organ failure in 3 cases, acute left heart failure in 1 case, and cerebrovascular accident in 1 case. Young age at repair and poor development of the pulmonary vessels and left ventricle are high risk factors for postoperative low cardiac output syndrome. Postoperative death following surgical correction of TOF is associated mainly with the surgical skills and approaches. Appropriate cardiopulmonary bypass and effective measures for myocardial protection are critical to ensure the surgical success, and proper postoperative management and close monitoring may help reduce postoperative death in surgical patients with TOF.

  4. Passive mobilization after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair is not detrimental in the early postoperative period.

    PubMed

    De Roo, Pieter-Jan; Muermans, Stijn; Maroy, Mathieu; Linden, Patrick; Van den Daelen, Luc

    2015-09-01

    This prospective randomized study compares the clinical results of immediate passive mobilization versus delayed mobilization in the rehabilitation of rotator cuff repair during the early postoperative period. The mobilization group (79 patients) received immediate daily passive mobilization. The immobilization group (51 patients) was immobilized for 4 weeks until physiotherapy was started. Passive range of motion was noted preoperatively, at 6 weeks and 4 months. Strength was measured preoperatively and at 4 months. Constant-Murley, Simple Shoulder Test, SPADI and UCLA scores were noted at baseline and at 4 months. Ultrasonography was performed at 6 weeks to exclude early failures of repair. We noted no significant difference between the two groups regarding range of motion at 6 weeks and range of motion, strength and functional outcome scores at 4 months. Ultrasound didn't show a difference in healing at 6 w in either of both groups. Both rehabilitation protocols seem applicable as well as safe in the early post-operative phase.

  5. Frequency of Early-Stage Lymphedema and Risk Factors in Postoperative Patients with Breast Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Soyder, Aykut; Taştaban, Engin; Özbaş, Serdar; Boylu, Şükrü; Özgün, Hedef

    2014-01-01

    Objective Lymphedema is a chronic major complication that is seen frequently post-operatively and has negative effects on quality of life. In our study, determining the early-stage postoperative lymphedema frequency and specifying the risk factors in its development has been aimed. Materials and Methods One hundred one cases that were operated on for breast cancer were evaluated regarding the 12-month control of their clinical specifications, histopathological specifications, and specifications related with the surgical intervention retrospectively. The data related to the parameters envisioned as risk factors were evaluated. Results Lymphedema development was found in 7 (6.9%) out of 101 cases constituting the study group. No significant difference (p>0.05) in terms of lymphedema development was determined among age, body mass index (BMI), chemotherapy (CT), postoperative seroma or infection, mastectomy with the dominant arm, and breast-conserving surgery (BCS), which were evaluated as risk factors. There was a significance (p<0.05) between the other risk factors, which were axillary dissection (AD), number of positive lymph nodes (LN), radiotherapy (RT), the tumor size (T), and lymphedema existence. In every case in which lymphedema was determined, it was seen that there was axillary LN involvement and 15≤LN were ablated in the dissection (p<0.05). Conclusion It is seen that AD, RT applied to the breast cancer patients, and T are important risk factors in early-stage lymphedema development. No early-stage lymphedema development was determined in any of the patients to whom sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) was applied.

  6. [Postoperative hypothyroidism].

    PubMed

    Olifirova, O S; Trynov, N N

    2015-01-01

    There is a number of factors such as the thyroidectomy and limiting subtotal thyroid resection against the background of euthyroidism and initial hypothyroidism (in any extent of operation) which leads to the prediction of early postoperative hypothyroidism origin during 10 days of the postoperative peri- od. The early postoperative hypothyroidism is accompanied by activation processes of lipid peroxide oxidation and at the same time by reduction of antioxidant protection.

  7. Early postoperative assessment of the functional patency of ureterovesical junction following ureteroneocystostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Koff, S.A.; Kogan, B.; Kass, E.J.; Thrall, J.H.

    1981-04-01

    We studied 37 children soon after ureteroneocystostomy using diuretic radionuclide urography to assess the patency of the ureterovesical junction. Postoperative obstruction was excluded correctly in 90 per cent of the patients. Transient ureterovesical obstruction occurred in 5 patients, identification of which was useful in assigning risk and in guiding followup studies. Because it is a safe, noninvasive and relatively low radiation test the diuretic radionuclide urogram proves to be an attractive alternative to the excretory urogram in the early and late followup of patients undergoing a ureterovesical junction operation.

  8. Acute Pancreatitis with Splenic Infarction as Early Postoperative Complication following Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, Ankita; Depaz, Hector; Ahmed, Leaque

    2017-01-01

    Obesity is becoming a global health burden along with its comorbidities. It imposes tremendous financial burden and health costs worldwide. Surgery has emerged as the definitive treatment option for morbidly obese patients with comorbidities. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is performed now more than ever making it imperative for physicians and surgeons to recognize both the common and the uncommon risks and complications associated with it. In this report we describe a rare early life-threatening postoperative complication following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. From our extensive review of literature, there is no existing report of acute pancreatitis with splenic infarction postsleeve gastrectomy to this date. PMID:28487807

  9. Early versus delayed post-operative bathing or showering to prevent wound complications.

    PubMed

    Toon, Clare D; Sinha, Sidhartha; Davidson, Brian R; Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan

    2013-10-12

    Many people undergo surgical operations during their life-time, which result in surgical wounds. After an operation the incision is closed using stiches, staples, steri-strips or an adhesive glue. Usually, towards the end of the surgical procedure and before the patient leaves the operating theatre, the surgeon covers the closed surgical wound using gauze and adhesive tape or an adhesive tape containing a pad (a wound dressing) that covers the surgical wound. There is currently no guidance about when the wound can be made wet by post-operative bathing or showering. Early bathing may encourage early mobilisation of the patient, which is good after most types of operation. Avoiding post-operative bathing or showering for two to three days may result in accumulation of sweat and dirt on the body. Conversely, early washing of the surgical wound may have an adverse effect on healing, for example by irritating or macerating the wound, and disturbing the healing environment. To compare the benefits (such as potential improvements to quality of life) and harms (potentially increased wound-related morbidity) of early post-operative bathing or showering (i.e. within 48 hours after surgery, the period during which epithelialisation of the wound occurs) compared with delayed post-operative bathing or showering (i.e. no bathing or showering for over 48 hours after surgery) in patients with closed surgical wounds. We searched The Cochrane Wounds Group Specialised Register;The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library); The Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE) (The Cochrane Library); Ovid MEDLINE; Ovid MEDLINE (In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations); Ovid EMBASE; EBSCO CINAHL; the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) and the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP). We considered all randomised trials conducted in patients who had undergone any surgical procedure and had surgical closure of their wounds

  10. Early versus delayed post-operative bathing or showering to prevent wound complications.

    PubMed

    Toon, Clare D; Sinha, Sidhartha; Davidson, Brian R; Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan

    2015-07-23

    Many people undergo surgical operations during their life-time, which result in surgical wounds. After an operation the incision is closed using stiches, staples, steri-strips or an adhesive glue. Usually, towards the end of the surgical procedure and before the patient leaves the operating theatre, the surgeon covers the closed surgical wound using gauze and adhesive tape or an adhesive tape containing a pad (a wound dressing) that covers the surgical wound. There is currently no guidance about when the wound can be made wet by post-operative bathing or showering. Early bathing may encourage early mobilisation of the patient, which is good after most types of operation. Avoiding post-operative bathing or showering for two to three days may result in accumulation of sweat and dirt on the body. Conversely, early washing of the surgical wound may have an adverse effect on healing, for example by irritating or macerating the wound, and disturbing the healing environment. To compare the benefits (such as potential improvements to quality of life) and harms (potentially increased wound-related morbidity) of early post-operative bathing or showering (i.e. within 48 hours after surgery, the period during which epithelialisation of the wound occurs) compared with delayed post-operative bathing or showering (i.e. no bathing or showering for over 48 hours after surgery) in patients with closed surgical wounds. We searched The Cochrane Wounds Group Specialised Register (30th June 2015); The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library); The Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE) (The Cochrane Library); Ovid MEDLINE; Ovid MEDLINE (In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations); Ovid EMBASE; EBSCO CINAHL; the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) and the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP). We considered all randomised trials conducted in patients who had undergone any surgical procedure and had surgical closure of

  11. Early postoperative dislocation of the anterior Maverick lumbar disc prosthesis: report of 2 cases.

    PubMed

    Gragnaniello, Cristian; Seex, Kevin A; Eisermann, Lukas G; Claydon, Matthew H; Malham, Gregory M

    2013-08-01

    The authors report on 2 cases of anterior dislocation of the Maverick lumbar disc prosthesis, both occurring in the early postoperative period. These cases developed after experience with more than 50 uneventful cases and were therefore thought to be unrelated to the surgeon's learning curve. No similar complications have been previously reported. The anterior Maverick device has a ball-and-socket design made of cobalt-chromium-molybdenum metal plates covered with hydroxyapatite. The superior and inferior endplates have keels to resist translation forces. The patient in Case 1 was a 52-year-old man with severe L4-5 discogenic pain; and in Case 2, a 42-year-old woman with disabling L4-5 and L5-S1 discogenic back pain. Both patients were without medical comorbidities and were nonsmokers with no risk factors for osteoporosis. Both had undergone uneventful retroperitoneal approaches performed by a vascular access surgeon. Computed tomography studies on postoperative Day 2 confirmed excellent prosthesis placement. Initial recoveries were uneventful. Two weeks postoperatively, after stretching (extension or hyperextension) in bed at home, each patient suffered the sudden onset of severe abdominal pain with anterior dislocation of the Maverick prosthesis. The patients were returned to the operating room and underwent surgery performed by the same spinal and vascular surgeons. Removal of the Maverick prosthesis and anterior interbody fusion with a separate cage and plate were performed. Both patients had recovered well with good clinical and radiological recovery at the 6- and 12-month follow-ups. Possible causes of the anterior dislocation of the Maverick prosthesis include the following: 1) surgeon error: In both cases the keel cuts were neat, and early postoperative CT confirmed good placement of the prosthesis; 2) equipment problem: The keel cuts may have been too large because the cutters were worn, which led to an inadequate press fit of the implants; 3) prosthesis

  12. [Postoperative early enteral nutrition in a patient with polytrauma and late duodenal perforation].

    PubMed

    Nicolau, A E; Merlan, V; Ciupan, R; Brădiş, Alexandra; Marin, Mihaela; Plugaru, G; Marinescu, L; Micu, B

    2008-01-01

    We present the case of a 51 years old multiple injured female patient who was transferred from another hospital. She suffered a car accident and at admission, the diagnosis was anterior flail chest with fractured sternum, blunt abdominal trauma with IIIrd grade kidney laceration, multiple extremities fractures, ISS = 50. We performed emergency nephrectomy, surgical fixation of the flail chest and bilateral pleurostomy. Postoperatively the evolution was difficult, she was intubated and mechanically ventilated. We started early enteral nutrition (EEN), at 24 hours with 20 ml/hour Fresubin (Fresenius-Kabi, Bad Hamburg, Germany) and then with 40 ml/hour. In the fourth postoperative day, CT scan identified no supplementary lesions. In the seventh postoperative day, jaundice became apparent and the CT exam identified gas in the retroperitoneum. At surgery, we identified a IInd degree D2 rupture. We practiced duodenal suture, pyloric exclusion, latero-lateral gastro-entero-anastomosis. We passed a naso-gastro-entero-duodenal tube into D2 for active suction and we performed a fine needle catheter jejunostomy. Difficult postoperative evolution, intubated, febrile, with hemodynamic instability. EEN on the jejunostomy at 20-40-60 ml/hour. 10 days after the reoperation, the general condition ameliorated. Enteral nutrition was continued for 22 days after reoperation. The patient was discharged after 44 days. The particularities of this case are the complexity of the traumatic lesions: anterior costal flail chest, left kidney rupture, late duodenal perforation, multiple extremities fractures (APACHE II score = 34). The treatment involved internal pneumatic stabilization and surgical fixation of the flail chest, duodenal suture with pyloric exclusion and fine needle catheter jejunostomy, left nephrectomy. We consider that the use of EEN was of real help in this case and we recommend it in all polytraumatised patients and in all the cases where it can be used.

  13. Association between Serum IGF-I levels and Postoperative Delirium in Elderly Subjects Undergoing Elective Knee Arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Yen, Timothy E; Allen, John C; Rivelli, Sarah K; Patterson, Stephanie C; Metcalf, Meredith R; Flink, Benjamin J; Mirrakhimov, Aibek E; Lagoo, Sandhya A; Vail, Thomas P; Young, Christopher C; Moon, Richard E; Trzepacz, Paula T; Kwatra, Madan M

    2016-02-05

    Evidence is mixed for an association between serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels and postoperative delirium (POD). The current study assessed preoperative serum IGF-I levels as a predictor of incident delirium in non-demented elderly elective knee arthroplasty patients. Preoperative serum levels of total IGF-I were measured using a commercially available Human IGF-I ELISA kit. POD incidence and severity were determined using DSM-IV criteria and the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98 (DRS-R98), respectively. Median IGF-I levels in delirious (62.6 ng/ml) and non-delirious groups (65.9 ng/ml) were not significantly different (p = 0.141). The ratio (95% CI) of geometric means, D/ND, was 0.86 (0.70, 1.06). The Hodges-Lehmann median difference estimate was 7.23 ng/mL with 95% confidence interval (-2.32, 19.9). In multivariate logistic regression analysis IGF-I level was not a significant predictor of incident POD after correcting for medical comorbidities. IGF-I levels did not correlate with DRS-R98 scores for delirium severity. In conclusion, we report no evidence of association between serum IGF-I levels and incidence of POD, although the sample size was inadequate for a conclusive study. Further efforts to investigate IGF-I as a delirium risk factor in elderly should address comorbidities and confounders that influence IGF-I levels.

  14. The Value of Intraoperative and Early Postoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Low-Grade Glioma Surgery: A Retrospective Study.

    PubMed

    Pala, Andrej; Brand, Christine; Kapapa, Thomas; Hlavac, Michal; König, Ralph; Schmitz, Bernd; Wirtz, Christian Rainer; Coburger, Jan

    2016-09-01

    The presence of residual tumor is crucial in decision-making for low-grade gliomas (LGGs), because patients older than 40 years of age with residual tumor are considered for adjuvant treatment. There are hints that early postoperative fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T2 (within 48 hours) may overestimate residual tumor volume in LGG. Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without subsequent resection or ultra-early postoperative MRI may assess the amount of residual tumor more adequately. To evaluate the utility of postoperative imaging in LGG, we volumetrically analyzed intraoperative, early, and late (3-4 months after surgery) postoperative MRIs of LGGs. A total of 33 patients with LGG were assessed retrospectively. Residual tumor was defined as signal-enhanced tissue in T2 and FLAIR. Volumetric assessment was performed with intraoperative, early, and late postoperative T2/FLAIR via Brainlab-iPlan 3.0. Wilcoxon and χ(2) tests were used for statistical analysis. A significant difference of FLAIR/T2 abnormalities was found in intraoperative and early postoperative MRIs (FLAIR mean volume = 5.433 cm(3), T2 mean volume = 3.374 cm(3) vs. FLAIR mean volume = 14.090 cm(3), P = 0.002, T2 mean volume = 7.597 cm(3), P = 0.006). There was no significant difference between intraoperative and late postoperative FLAIR/T2 abnormalities (late postoperative FLAIR/T2 mean volume = 5.560 cm(3) and 2.370 cm(3), P = 0.520, P = 0.398), whereas a significant difference was detected between early and late postoperative images (FLAIR, P < 0.0001; T2, P < 0.00001). Intraoperative MRI without further resection or ultra-early postoperative MRI seems to reflect the actual volume of residual tumor in LGG more precisely compared with early postoperative MRI and therefore seems to be more useful regarding decisions for adjuvant therapy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Preimplantation Flow Testing of Ahmed Glaucoma Valve and the Early Postoperative Clinical Outcome.

    PubMed

    Jones, Emma; Alaghband, Pouya; Cheng, Jason; Beltran-Agullo, Laura; Sheng Lim, Kin

    2013-01-01

    The Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implant is designed to prevent early postoperative hypotony. There is evidence of variation in hypotony rates in clinical trials which may be due to surgical technique variation, entry site leakage or valve defects from 'over priming'. We describe a simple preimplantation gravity driven test to assess valve function after priming that may reduce hypotony rates. Retrospective case note review. An in vivo flow test of AGVs, based on the gravity driven test was introduced prior to implantation. The onset and offset of flow through the valve was measured by altering the height of a bottle of balanced saline solution. We rejected the AGV, if there was fluid still flowing at 10 cm (7 mm Hg) or if there was no flow at 17 cm of water (12 mm Hg). The AGV implantation surgery was without mitomycin C, with a 25G needle entry tract, a corneal or scleral patch graft tube cover and without intracameral viscoelastic. Twenty Ahmed valves were implanted in 16 patients between July 2008 and October 2009. Test failure resulted in four AGV being rejected. The mean preoperative pressure was 29 mm Hg (range, 10-57 mm Hg) and the intraocular pressure (IOP) at 7 days postoperatively was 15 mm Hg (range, 3-52 mm Hg). Hypotony, defined as an IOP of less than 5 mm Hg on two consecutive assessments, was present in two eyes (10%). In vivo flow testing is an important safety check for the AGV. There are also other mechanisms after implantation that can cause an unexpected high or low IOP. How to cite this article: Jones E, Alaghband P, Cheng J, Beltran-Agullo L, Lim KS. Preimplantation Flow Testing of Ahmed Glaucoma Valve and the Early Postoperative Clinical Outcome. J Current Glau Prac 2013;7(1):1-5.

  16. Restricted Crystalloid Fluid Therapy during Orthotopic Liver Transplant Surgery and its Effect on Respiratory and Renal Insufficiency in the Early Post-operative Period: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    PubMed

    Sahmeddini, M A; Janatmakan, F; Khosravi, M B; Ghaffaripour, S; Eghbal, M H; Nickeghbalian, S; Malek-Hosseini, S A

    2014-01-01

    Respiratory and renal insufficiencies are common dysfunctions during post-liver transplantation period that increase post-operative mortality and morbidity rates. Intra-operative fluid therapy is an important factor associated with pulmonary and renal insufficiency. To evaluate the relation between intra-operative fluid therapy and early renal and respiratory insufficiency after liver transplantation. In this randomized clinical study, 67 adult patients with end-stage liver disease who underwent orthotopic deceased donor liver transplantation were randomly allocated into two groups. The restricted fluid group, which received a controlled fluid administration of normal saline, 5 mL/kg/hr during anesthesia, and non-restricted fluid group received a controlled infusion of normal saline 10 mL/kg/hr during anesthesia. Early post-operative respiratory and renal insufficiency in both groups were assessed. The patients were monitored during the three stages of liver transplantation for their hemodynamic indices. The trial is registered with the Iranian Randomized Clinical Trial Registry, number IRCT2013101811662N4. The baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were similar in both studied groups. The prevalence of respiratory insufficiency in the non-restricted fluid group (15%) significantly (p=0.01) higher than that in the restricted fluid group (0%). The post-operative mean±SD serum creatinine was 1.0±0.1 mg/dL in the non-restricted fluid group and 1.1±0.2 in the restricted fluid group (p=0.43). No patients in the studied groups required post-operative continuous renal replacement therapy. Restricted crystalloid fluid administration during orthotropic liver transplantation though decreased post-operative chance of pulmonary insufficiency, did not increase renal dysfunction.

  17. Restricted Crystalloid Fluid Therapy during Orthotopic Liver Transplant Surgery and its Effect on Respiratory and Renal Insufficiency in the Early Post-operative Period: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    PubMed Central

    Sahmeddini, M. A.; Janatmakan, F.; Khosravi, M. B.; Ghaffaripour, S.; Eghbal, M. H.; Nickeghbalian, S.; Malek-Hosseini, S. A.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Respiratory and renal insufficiencies are common dysfunctions during post-liver transplantation period that increase post-operative mortality and morbidity rates. Intra-operative fluid therapy is an important factor associated with pulmonary and renal insufficiency. Objective: To evaluate the relation between intra-operative fluid therapy and early renal and respiratory insufficiency after liver transplantation. Methods: In this randomized clinical study, 67 adult patients with end-stage liver disease who underwent orthotopic deceased donor liver transplantation were randomly allocated into two groups. The restricted fluid group, which received a controlled fluid administration of normal saline, 5 mL/kg/hr during anesthesia, and non-restricted fluid group received a controlled infusion of normal saline 10 mL/kg/hr during anesthesia. Early post-operative respiratory and renal insufficiency in both groups were assessed. The patients were monitored during the three stages of liver transplantation for their hemodynamic indices. The trial is registered with the Iranian Randomized Clinical Trial Registry, number IRCT2013101811662N4. Results: The baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were similar in both studied groups. The prevalence of respiratory insufficiency in the non-restricted fluid group (15%) significantly (p=0.01) higher than that in the restricted fluid group (0%). The post-operative mean±SD serum creatinine was 1.0±0.1 mg/dL in the non-restricted fluid group and 1.1±0.2 in the restricted fluid group (p=0.43). No patients in the studied groups required post-operative continuous renal replacement therapy. Conclusions: Restricted crystalloid fluid administration during orthotropic liver transplantation though decreased post-operative chance of pulmonary insufficiency, did not increase renal dysfunction. PMID:25184031

  18. Importance of Early Postoperative Body Temperature Management for Treatment of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.

    PubMed

    Suehiro, Eiichi; Sadahiro, Hirokazu; Goto, Hisaharu; Oku, Takayuki; Oka, Fumiaki; Fujiyama, Yuichi; Shirao, Satoshi; Yoneda, Hiroshi; Koizumi, Hiroyasu; Ishihara, Hideyuki; Suzuki, Michiyasu

    2016-06-01

    The importance of acute-phase brain temperature management is widely accepted for prevention of exacerbation of brain damage by a high body temperature. In this study, we investigated the influence of body temperature in the early postoperative period on the outcomes of 62 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage who were admitted to our department. Body temperature was measured from day 4 to day 14 after onset. The patients were divided into those treated with surgical clipping (clip group) and coil embolization (coil group), those graded I-III (mild) and IV-V (severe) based on the Hunt & Hess classification on admission, those with and without development of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), and those with favorable and poor outcomes. Body temperatures throughout the hospital stay were compared in each group. There was no significant difference in body temperature between the clip and coil groups or between the mild and severe groups, but body temperature was significantly higher in patients with DCI compared to those without DCI, and in patients with a poor outcome compared to those with a favorable outcome. Fever in the early postoperative period of subarachnoid hemorrhage is associated with development of DCI and a poor outcome. Copyright © 2016 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. [The early postoperative rehabilitation of the patients presenting with cholelithiasis and experiencing psychoemotional stress].

    PubMed

    Poddubnaia, O A; Marsheva, S I

    2013-01-01

    Early postoperative rehabilitation of the patients presenting with cholelithiasis and experiencing psychoemotional stress is designed to restore the function of bile secretion, enhance their adaptive capabilities, and normalize the psychovegetative status for the purpose of preventing further progress of the disease and reducing the risk of the development of post-cholecystectomy syndrome. The inclusion of drinking mineral water, magnetic laser therapy, and UHF therapy in the combined rehabilitative treatment of such patients results in the appreciable enhancement of all functional abilities of the body manifest as the significant improvement and normalization of clinical and laboratory characteristics (elimination of clinical symptoms of the disease, improvement of general and biochemycal parameters of peripheral blood). Simultaneously, the adaptive capabilities and the psychovegetative status of the patients improved as apparent from the increased lymphocyte count, normalization of the Kerdo and Hildebrandt indices and indices of stress level, decreased psychoemotional stress, enhancement of physical functioning characteristics. Taken together, these changes account for the high effectiveness of the above procedures of early postoperative rehabilitation of the patients presenting with cholelithiasisand experiencing psychoemotional stress (94.7%).

  20. The Effects of Early Post-Operative Soluble Dietary Fiber Enteral Nutrition for Colon Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Rui; Ding, Zhi; Zhao, Ping; Tang, Lingchao; Tang, Xiaoli; Xiao, Shuomeng

    2016-01-01

    We examined colon cancer patients who received soluble dietary fiber enteral nutrition (SDFEN) to evaluate the feasibility and potential benefit of early SDFEN compared to EN. Sixty patients who were confirmed as having colon cancer with histologically and accepted radical resection of colon cancer were randomized into an SDFEN group and an EN group. The postoperative complications, length of hospital stay (LOH), days for first fecal passage, and the difference in nutritional status, immune function and inflammatory reaction between pre-operation and post-operation were all recorded. The statistical analyses were performed using the t-test and the chi square test. Statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05. After the nutrition support, differences in the levels of albumin, prealbumin and transferrin in each group were not statistically significant (p > 0.05); the levels of CD4+, IgA and IgM in the SDFEN group were higher than that of the EN group at seven days (p < 0.05); the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in the SDFEN group were lower than that of the EN group at seven days (p < 0.05); and patients in the SDFEN group had a significantly shorter first flatus time than the EN group (p < 0.05). Early post-operative SDFEN used in colon cancer patients was feasible and beneficial in immune function and reducing inflammatory reaction, gastrointestinal function and speeding up the recovery. PMID:27657124

  1. [Impact of plasmapheresis on intraorgan blood flow of the transplanted kidney in the early postoperative period].

    PubMed

    Vatazin, A V; Siniutin, A A; Zul'karnaev, A B; Kantariia, R O; Krstich, M

    2014-01-01

    Kidney transplant is inevitably subjected to ischemic and reperfusion injury. In many cases, this is due to a violation of intraorgan hemodynamics. Severity of such damage can be reduced using different methods of extracorporeal hemocorrection. The aim of the study was to examine the intraorgan blood flow of kidney transplant and assess the impact of plasmapheresis on its primary function in the early postoperative period. Plasmapheresis with replacement from 1,25 to 3,5 liters of plasma was applied in 40 recipients of the Group 1; in 40 recipients of Group 2 plasmapheresis was not performed. High resistance index (Ri > 0,9) at low flow velocities in the interlobular arteries at the first day after surgery is an informative criterion for the diagnosis of acute tubular necrosis and indicates the inadequate blood supply of kidney. Plasmapheresis has promoted the normalization of renal hemodynamics. Immediate graft function in patients of Group 1 was observed in 36 patients, whereas only in 19 patients of Group 2. In the Group 1, there were no patients with primary non-functioning graft, while there were three such patients in Group 2. Thus, plasmapheresis in the early postoperative period, no later than 3-5 h after reperfusion of the graft, has a positive effect on the functional status of the transplanted kidney.

  2. Normalized Early Postoperative Cortisol and ACTH Values Predict Nonremission After Surgery for Cushing Disease.

    PubMed

    Asuzu, David; Chatain, Grégoire P; Hayes, Christina; Benzo, Sarah; McGlotten, Raven; Keil, Meg; Beri, Andrea; Sharma, Susmeeta T; Nieman, Lynnette; Lodish, Maya; Stratakis, Constantine; Lonser, Russell R; Oldfield, Edward H; Chittiboina, Prashant

    2017-07-01

    Perioperative increases in adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol mimic results of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) stimulation testing. This phenomenon may help identify patients with residual adenoma after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) for Cushing disease (CD). To predict nonremission after TSS for CD. Retrospective case-control study of patients treated at a single center from December 2003 until July 2016. Early and medium-term remission were assessed at 10 days and 11 months. Two hundred and ninety-one consecutive TSS cases from 257 patients with biochemical evidence of CD seen at a clinical center. Normalized early postoperative values (NEPVs) for cortisol and ACTH were calculated as immediate postoperative cortisol or ACTH levels minus preoperative post-CRH-stimulation test levels. Prediction of early nonremission was evaluated using logistic regression. Prediction of medium-term remission was assessed using Cox regression. Predictive ability was quantified by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). NEPVs for cortisol and ACTH predicted early nonremission [adjusted odds ratio (OR): 1.1; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.0, 1.1; P = 0.016 and adjusted OR: 1.0; 95% CI: 1.0, 1.0; P = 0.048, respectively]. AUROC for NEPV of cortisol was 0.78 (95% CI: 0.61, 0.95); for NEPV of ACTH, it was 0.80 (95% CI: 0.61, 0.98). NEPVs for cortisol and ACTH predicted medium-term nonremission [hazard ratio (HR): 1.1; 95% CI: 1.0, 1.1; P = 0.023 and HR: 1.0; 95% CI: 1.0, 1.0; P = 0.025, respectively]. NEPVs for cortisol and ACTH predicted nonremission after TSS for CD.

  3. Early enteral nutrition therapy in congenital cardiac repair postoperatively: A randomized, controlled pilot study

    PubMed Central

    Sahu, Manoj Kumar; Singal, Anuradha; Menon, Ramesh; Singh, Sarvesh Pal; Mohan, Alka; Manral, Mala; Singh, Divya; Devagouru, V.; Talwar, Sachin; Choudhary, Shiv Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Adequate nutritional supplementation in infants with cardiac malformations after surgical repair is a challenge. Critically ill infants in the early postoperative period are in a catabolic stress. The mismatch between estimated energy requirement (EER) and the intake in the postoperative period is multifactorial, predisposing them to complications such as immune deficiency, more infection, and growth failure. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of enriched breast milk feed on postoperative recovery and growth of infants after open heart surgery. Methodology: Fifty infants <6 months of age were prospectively randomized in the trial for enteral nutrition (EN) postoperatively from day 1 to 10, after obtaining the Institute Ethics Committee's approval. They were equally divided into two groups on the basis of the feed they received: Control group was fed with expressed breast milk (EBM; 0.65 kcal/ml) and intervention group was fed with EBM + energy supplementation/fortification with human milk fortifier (7.5 kcal/2 g)/Simyl medium-chain triglyceride oil (7.8 kcal/ml). Energy need for each infant was calculated as per EER at 90 kcal/kg/day, as the target requirement. The intra- and post-operative variables such as cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross-clamp times, ventilation duration, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and hospital length of stay and mortality were recorded. Anthropometric and hematological parameters and infection control data were recorded in a predesigned pro forma. Data were analyzed using Stata 14.1 software. Results: The duration of mechanical ventilation, length of ICU stay (LOIS), length of hospital stay (LOHS), infection rate, and mortality rate were lower in the intervention group compared to the control group although none of the differences were statistically significant. Infants in control group needed mechanical ventilation for about a day more (i.e., 153.6 ± 149.0 h vs. 123.2 ± 107.0 h; P = 0

  4. Evaluation of Early Postoperative Neurological Complications Following Living Donor Liver Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    OTAN, Emrah; AYDIN, Cemalettin; YÖNDER, Hüseyin; KAYAALP, Cüneyt; KAPLAN, Yüksel; YILMAZ, Sezai

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Liver transplantation is one of the best treatment options for end-stage liver disease. In Turkey, living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is performed more frequently than cadaveric transplantation, because organ donation is unpopular in our country. Neurological complications contribute to poor postoperative outcomes after liver transplantation. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the outcomes of LDLT patients in whom such complications developed early during postoperative follow-up in the intensive care unit. Methods Of 217 LDLTs performed between August 2011 and August 2012, neurology consultations were arranged for 29 patients (13.36%) because of development of new-onset neurological symptoms and/or findings in patients with neurologically uneventful preoperative histories. We retrospectively collected data on age, gender, primary disease, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, and postoperative hospitalization duration of those who survived. The indications for neurological consultation and diagnoses were categorized into acute confusion/encephalopathy, epileptic seizures, leukoencephalopathy, and focal neurological deficits. The immunosuppressive treatment regimens prescribed were also considered. The outcomes of the 2 groups (with and without neurological complications) were compared. Results The mean patient age was 44.52±16.24 years, and males predominated (65.5%, n=19). Acute confusion/encephalopathy was the most frequent complication (62.1%, n=18), followed by epileptic seizures (27.6%, n=8), cerebrovascular disease (6.9%, n=2), and leukoencephalopathy (3.4%, n=1). Statistically significant between-group differences in age (44.5±16.2 vs. 34.33±20.98 years; p<0.001), and proportions of patients with a disease of viral etiology (55.17% vs. 35.63%, p<0.05), were evident. Mortality was significantly higher in the group with neurological complications (65.5% vs. 37.32%, p<0.05). The duration of postoperative hospitalization

  5. Nutrition in early life: somatic growth and serum lipids.

    PubMed

    Boulton, T John; Garnett, Sarah P; Cowell, Chris T; Baur, Louise A; Magarey, Anthea M; Landers, Margot C G

    1999-01-01

    This paper addresses the questions of whether early nutritional experience affects later somatic growth, the growth of the adipose tissue, or the levels of scrum lipids among well-nourished children. The analyses are based on data from three prospective studies. Postnatal nutrition and growth: there were differences in growth between breast-fed and formula-fed children. There was no association between linear growth and differences in food energy or macronutrient intake. Birth size and postnatal growth: there was no association between ponderal index (PI) at birth and body mass index (BMI) in the second year. For boys, the PI at 3 and 6 months of age was significantly positively correlated with BMI at the ages of 8 and 15 years, but not for girls. Childhood growth and lipids: there was no association between lipids at the age of 8 years and either birth weight or length, but children who had had a low PI at birth had higher lipid levels at the age 8 years. A positive association was found between serum lipids and abdominal fat and BMI. We conclude that, although early diet may influence growth rate beyond infancy, the evidence for fat patterning resulting from differences in fetal or early postnatal nutrition is still open to question.

  6. Quantitative Tc-99m DTPA renal transplant scintigraphy predicts graft survival in the very early postoperative period.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Sandeep K; Lewis, Guy; Rogers, Kerry; Attia, John

    2012-12-01

    Early evaluation of renal allograft prognosis is important for identification and targeted management of 'at-risk' grafts but is difficult in the absence of established tests. Tc-99m diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid renal transplant scintigraphy is a useful noninvasive method for assessing graft function. We aimed to assess the relative role of quantitative scintigraphic parameters in the immediate postoperative period for the assessment of short-term and long-term prognoses. Data from 290 dynamic renal transplant scintigraphy procedures, performed on 161 recipients on day 1 (D1) or day 4 (D4) after transplantation, were analysed to derive various perfusion parameters [Kirchner's Index, Hilson's Index (HI), kidney-to-aorta ratio and ΔP] as well as nonperfusion parameters (graft washout t (1/2), P : PI ratio, P : U ratio, R20/3, T10 and T20) using regions of interest within the whole renal graft and iliac artery. Information on graft survival up to 1 year (as a measure of short-term prognosis) and serum creatinine at 1 year (regarded as a predictor for longer-term prognosis) was collected. Mann-Whitney tests, receiver-operating characteristic curve analyses and odds ratios were used to assess the utility of each parameter in stratifying the risk for graft failure within 1 year. Correlations between each parameter and 1-year serum creatinine were tested using Spearman's rank correlation. Eleven grafts failed within 1 year. All perfusion parameters on both D1 and D4 showed significant differences between the failure and survival groups (P=0.026-0.0005). No significant between-group differences were observed for nonperfusion parameters except for R20/3 on D1 (P=0.0298). Receiver-operating characteristic analysis showed moderate accuracy for HI and ΔP on both D1 and D4 (area under the curve: 0.73-0.84); ΔP of longer than 6.0 s on D4 was associated with 24.9 times higher relative risk for graft failure within 1 year (sensitivity 88% and specificity 83%). For the

  7. Awareness of Respiratory Failure Can Predict Early Postoperative Pulmonary Complications in Liver Transplant Recipients.

    PubMed

    Ulubay, Gaye; Kirnap, Mahir; Er Dedekarginoglu, Balam; Kupeli, Elif; Oner Eyuboglu, Fusun; Haberal, Mehmet

    2015-11-01

    Cardiovascular and respiratory system complications are the most common causes of early mortality after liver transplant. We evaluated the causes of respiratory failure as an early postoperative pulmonary complication in liver transplant recipients. Patients who underwent orthotropic liver transplant between 2001 and 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. Clinical and demographic variables and pulmonary complications at the first and second visit after transplant were noted. The first visit was within the first week and the second was between 1 and 4 weeks after transplant. An arterial oxygen saturation value below 90% in room air for at least 1 day was considered a medically significant respiratory failure. Our study included 204 (148 men and 56 women; mean age 43.0.4 ± 13.06 y) adult liver transplant recipients (46 from deceased and 158 from living donors). At the first visit after transplant, 161 patients (79%) had postoperative pulmonary complications, including pleural effusion accompanied by atelectasis (47.1%), only atelectasis (17.2%), and only pleural effusion (10.3%). At the second visit, complications included atelectasis associated with pleural effusion (12.3%) and pneumonia (12.3%). All patients had documented respiratory failure at the first visit, and 92 patients (45.1%) had respiratory failure at the second visit. Causes of respiratory failure at the first visit included atelectasis in 35 patients (17.2%) and atelectasis accompanied by pleural effusion in 96 patients (47.1%). At the second visit, 25 of 161 patients (25.3%) had respiratory failure due to pneumonia. Other causes included atelectasis accompanied by pleural effusion (24.2%) and pleural effusion (23.2%). Ninety-seven patients had no pulmonary complications. The mortality rate was 6.4% within the first visit and 8.7% within the second visit. Pneumonia, atelectasis, and pleural effusion can cause respiratory failure within the first month after liver transplant. Early pulmonary examination

  8. Impact of remifentanil use on early postoperative outcomes following brain tumor resection or rectal cancer surgery.

    PubMed

    Uchida, Kanji; Yasunaga, Hideo; Miyata, Hiroaki; Sumitani, Masahiko; Horiguchi, Hiromasa; Matsuda, Shinya; Yamada, Yoshitsugu

    2012-10-01

    Remifentanil, a mu-opioid receptor agonist, has important characteristics for neuroanesthesia, but data about its effects on postoperative recovery and mortality are currently lacking. Using the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination database in 2007, we selected patients who underwent elective brain tumor resection with open craniotomy under general anesthesia using either remifentanil or fentanyl and divided them into two categories: remifentanil patients and non-remifentanil patients. After propensity score matching for potential confounders, we compared the in-hospital mortality and postoperative length of stay (LOS) between the two groups. For comparison, the same endpoints were evaluated for patients underwent rectal cancer surgery under general anesthesia with intraoperative epidural anesthesia. In patients who underwent brain tumor resection (936 pairs), remifentanil patients had significantly lower in-hospital mortality (1.5 % vs. 3.0 %; P = 0.029). Logistic regression analysis revealed that the odds ratio for use of remifentanil for in-hospital mortality was 0.47 (95 % confidence interval, 0.25-0.91; P = 0.025). Remifentanil patients also showed earlier discharge from hospital (median LOS, 17 vs. 19 days; hazard ratio, 1.19, 95 % confidence interval, 1.08-1.30; P < 0.001). In contrast, in 2,756 pairs of patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery, no significant difference was seen in either in-hospital morality (1.2 % vs. 1.3 %; P = 0.518) or median LOS (19 vs. 19 days; P = 0.148) between the two groups. Our data suggest a possible association between use of remifentanil and better early postoperative recovery for patients undergoing neurosurgery with craniotomy. Further studies, including a randomized controlled trial, are required to confirm the present results.

  9. Early postoperative fluoroquinolone use is associated with an increased revision rate after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

    PubMed

    Cancienne, Jourdan M; Brockmeier, Stephen F; Rodeo, Scott A; Young, Chris; Werner, Brian C

    2017-07-01

    To evaluate the association of postoperative fluoroquinolone use following arthroscopic primary rotator cuff repair with failure requiring revision rotator cuff repair. An insurance database was queried for patients undergoing rotator cuff repair from 2007 to 2015. These patients were divided into three groups: (1) patients prescribed fluoroquinolones within 6 months postoperatively (divided into 0-2, 2-4, and 4-6 months), (2) a matched negative control cohort of patients not prescribed fluoroquinolones, and (3) a matched positive control cohort of patients prescribed fluoroquinolones between 6 and 18 months following rotator cuff repair. Rates of failure requiring revision rotator cuff repair were compared within 2 years. A total of 1292 patients were prescribed fluoroquinolones within 6 months after rotator cuff repair, including 442 within 2 months, 433 within 2 to 4 months, and 417 within 4 to 6 months, and were compared to 5225 matched negative controls and 1597 matched positive controls. The rate of revision rotator cuff repair was significantly higher in patients prescribed fluoroquinolones within 2 months (6.1 %) compared to matched negative (2.2 %, P = 0.0009) and positive controls (2.4 %, P = 0.0026). There were no significant differences in the rate of revision rotator cuff repair when fluoroquinolones were prescribed >2 months after rotator cuff repair. Early use of fluoroquinolones following rotator cuff repair was independently associated with significantly increased rates of failure requiring revision rotator cuff repair. This is the first clinical study examining the association of postoperative fluoroquinolone use with failure following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. III.

  10. Early respiratory therapy reduces postoperative atelectasis in children undergoing lung resection.

    PubMed

    Kaminski, Patrícia Nerys; Forgiarini, Luiz Alberto; Andrade, Cristiano Feijó

    2013-05-01

    Early physiotherapy reduces pulmonary complications after lung resection in adult patients. However, the effectiveness and the techniques used in postoperative physiotherapy in children undergoing lung resection have not been well described. Therefore, the standardization of a physiotherapeutic attendance after lung resection in children is necessary. This was a retrospective and prospective, interventional, descriptive, and quantitative study. We evaluated 123 pediatric subjects undergoing lung resection. Fifty-two children were prospectively submitted to a standardized physiotherapy protocol that included a mask with a positive expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O, expiratory rib cage compression, coughing, lifting the upper limbs, and ambulation, starting within the first 4 hours after surgery and continuing 3 times each day. A historical control group of 71 subjects received physiotherapeutic techniques without specific standardization and with variability in the start date and number of days attended. We recorded the presence of postoperative complications, prolonged air leak, postoperative bronchoscopy, the time of chest tube removal, and hospital stay following surgery. The group that received a standardized protocol of physiotherapy had fewer instances of atelectasis than the control group (15.4% vs 7.6%, P = .01). Subjects in the control group were more likely than those in the intervention group to require fiberoptic bronchoscopy for bronchial toilet (n = 14 [19.7%] vs n = 5 [9.6%], P ≤ .001). There was no difference in the time of drainage or hospital stay between the groups. Implementation of a standardized physiotherapeutic protocol after lung resection in children decreases atelectasis but does not reduce the time of chest tube removal or the duration of hospital stay.

  11. Early versus delayed postoperative radiotherapy for treatment of low-grade gliomas

    PubMed Central

    Sarmiento, J Manuel; Venteicher, Andrew S; Patil, Chirag G

    2015-01-01

    Background In most people with low-grade gliomas (LGG), the primary treatment regimen remains a combination of surgery followed by postoperative radiotherapy. However, the optimal timing of radiotherapy is controversial. It is unclear whether to use radiotherapy in the early postoperative period, or whether radiotherapy should be delayed until tumour progression occurs. Objectives To assess the effects of early postoperative radiotherapy versus radiotherapy delayed until tumour progression for low-grade intracranial gliomas in people who had initial biopsy or surgical resection. Search methods We searched up to September 2014 the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, Issue 8, 2014), MEDLINE (1948 to Aug week 3, 2014), and EMBASE (1980 to Aug week 3, 2014) to identify trials for inclusion in this Cochrane review. Selection criteria We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared early versus delayed radiotherapy following biopsy or surgical resection for the treatment of people with newly diagnosed intracranial LGG (astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, mixed oligoastrocytoma, astroblastoma, xanthoastrocytoma, or ganglioglioma). Radiotherapy may include conformal external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) with linear accelerator or cobalt-60 sources, intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Data collection and analysis Three review authors independently assessed the trials for inclusion and risk of bias, and extracted study data. We resolved any differences between review authors by discussion. Adverse effects were also extracted from the study report. We performed meta-analyses using a random-effects model with inverse variance weighting. Main results We included one large, multi-institutional, prospective RCT, involving 311 participants; the risk of bias in this study was unclear. This study found that early postoperative radiotherapy is associated with an increase in time to

  12. [Serum protein binding of fentanyl. The effect of postoperative acute phase reaction with elevated alpha 1-acid glycoprotein and methodologic problems in determination by equilibrium dialysis].

    PubMed

    Wiesner, G; Taeger, K; Peter, K

    1996-04-01

    Numerous basic drugs are extensively bound to alpha 1-acid glycoprotein. Fentanyl, with a pKa value of 8.43, is also a basic drug. Protein binding studies have yielded contradictory results concerning binding of fentanyl to alpha 1-acid glycoprotein. In this study we investigated time courses of serum protein concentrations and serum protein binding of fentanyl during postoperative acute phase reaction, assuming that an increase of alpha 1-acid glycoprotein is accompanied by an increase of serum protein binding, if fentanyl is extensively bound to alpha 1-acid glycoprotein. Fentanyl protein binding measurements using equilibrium dialysis can be affected by volume shifts and pH changes. Therefore, volume shifts from buffer to serum and the influence of various phosphate buffers on increasing pH due to loss of CO2 were also evaluated. METHODS. Thirteen patients with no history of renal or hepatic disease undergoing an operation with a significant acute phase reaction were studied. Preoperatively and on the first 3 postoperative days serum concentrations of alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, albumin, total protein and apolipoprotein A and B were determined by rocket immunoeolectrophoresis, biuret method and laser nephelometry, respectively. Corresponding serum protein binding of fentanyl was measured by adding 40 ng of fentanyl to 1 ml serum followed by equilibrium dialysis at 37 degrees C for 4 h. A 0.167 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.27), which gave a final pH of 7.40, was used. Volume shifts from buffer to serum were measured. Fentanyl concentration in serum before dialysis (FS) was determined by gas chromatography, and fentanyl concentration in buffer after dialysis (FB) was determined by radioimmunoassay. Serum protein binding (SPB) was calculated by the formula: SPB = (FS - FB - FB*c)/(FS - FB) where c is a correction factor. Ten randomly selected patient sera were dialyzed against four phosphate buffers of different pH values and molarities, and the serum pH at the end of

  13. [Analgesic effect of TES therapy in the early postoperative period in patients who underwent tonsillectomy].

    PubMed

    Semënov, F V; Kade, A Kh; Banashek-Meshchiarkova, T V; Vartanian, M S

    2013-01-01

    The objective of the present work was to study peculiarities of the analgesic action of therapeutic electrical stimulation (TES therapy) in the early postoperative period in the patients who underwent tonsillectomy. A total of 60 patients admitted for this surgery to the specialized otorhinolaryngological department were available for observation. They were divided into two groups depending on the pain relief strategy. The patients of the study group (n=30) underwent courses of transcranial electrical stimulation on a daily basis (from the onset of hospitalization) in addition to the administration of a standard analgetic. The standard dose of tramadol (2.0 ml) was given to the patients of the control group (n=30) who complained of strong pain. The results of the objective and subjective estimations indicate that the degree of pharyngeal pain in the patients treated with TES therapy and the standard analgetic was significantly different. The patients receiving TES therapy could sooner resume their habitual diet and required smaller amounts of the analgetic which makes this modality a cost-effective supplement to the standard postoperative treatment.

  14. Early follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair: is the first postoperative computed tomographic angiography scan necessary?

    PubMed

    Oikonomou, Kyriakos; Ventin, Felipe C; Paraskevas, Kosmas I; Geisselsöder, Peter; Ritter, Wolfgang; Verhoeven, Eric L

    2012-04-01

    To examine whether initial postoperative computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is needed in all patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). A total of 105 consecutive patients underwent EVAR with standard infrarenal devices in our department between November 2009 and May 2011. Five patients were excluded due to severe renal insufficiency, leaving 100 (85 men; median age 73 years, range 46-91) eligible for prospective enrollment in a triple-modality early postoperative follow-up protocol [intraoperative completion angiography, postoperative duplex ultrasonography (DUS), and plain abdominal radiography). Findings were compared for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) against the first postoperative CTA results for the detection of endoleaks or other signs of EVAR failure. There were 10 inconclusive DUS examinations. In the remaining 90 patients, DUS had 75.0% sensitivity, 95.4% specificity, 85.7% PPV, and 91.5% NPV for the detection of endoleaks. The intraoperative angiogram, DUS, and abdominal radiograph combined resulted in 87.5% sensitivity and 95.4% specificity, with a 65.6% PPV and 94.8% NPV for the detection of endoleaks. In 2 patients who required a reintervention for endoleak in the early postoperative period, both endoleaks were correctly detected by the triple-modality early postoperative follow-up protocol. An early follow-up protocol consisting of an intraoperative completion angiogram, DUS, and abdominal radiograph shows a high sensitivity and NPV for the detection of endoleaks and should detect early migration or kinking of the stent-graft. An initial postoperative CTA is not necessary for most patients undergoing EVAR and should be reserved for those individuals in whom the aforementioned modalities are inconclusive or show signs of endoleak or other EVAR failure.

  15. Early individualised manipulative rehabilitation following lumbar open laser microdiscectomy improves early post-operative functional disability: A randomized, controlled pilot study.

    PubMed

    Kim, Byungho J; Ahn, Junghoon; Cho, Heecheol; Kim, Dongyun; Kim, Taeyeong; Yoon, Bumchul

    2016-01-01

    Lumbar open laser microdiscectomy has been shown to be an effective intervention and safe approach for lumbar disc prolapse. However early post-operative physical disability affecting daily activities have been sporadically reported. To evaluate the feasibility of using early individualised manipulative rehabilitation to improve early post-operative functional disability following lumbar discectomy. Randomised controlled pilot trial. Setting at a major metropolitan spine surgery hospital. Twenty-one patients aged 25-69 years who underwent lumbar microdiscectomy were randomised to either the manipulative rehabilitation treatment group or the active control group. Rehabilitation was initiated 2-3 weeks after surgery, twice a week for 4 weeks. Each session was for 30 minutes. Primary outcomes were the Roland-Morris disability questionnaire and the visual analogue pain scale. Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and post-intervention. Early post-operative physical disability was improved with a 55% reduction by early individualised manipulative rehabilitation, compared to that of control care with a 5% increase. Early post-operative residual leg pain decreased with rehabilitation (55%) and control care (9%). This pilot study supports the feasibility of a future definitive randomised control trial and indicates this type of rehabilitation may be an important option for post-operative management after spinal surgery.

  16. Early ambulation and prevention of post-operative thrombo-embolic risk.

    PubMed

    Talec, P; Gaujoux, S; Samama, C M

    2016-12-01

    The prevention of post-operative risk of venous thrombo-embolism (VTE) is of fundamental importance, but preventive methods have progressed with the introduction of direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC), the development of ambulatory surgery and enhanced recovery programs (ERP) after surgery. Surgery is, inherently a trigger for venous thrombo-embolic disease, as is prolonged immobilization. However, the risk of VTE is very low following ambulatory surgery, especially in this selected population. ERP, consists of a set of measures to optimize the patient's peri-operative management while reducing length of stay, costs and morbidity and mortality; one measure is the encouragement of early ambulation. This will undoubtedly have an impact on the incidence of VTE and lessen the need for prolonged thrombo-prophylaxis.

  17. Self-powered instrumented knee implant for early detection of postoperative complications.

    PubMed

    Almouahed, Shaban; Gouriou, Manuel; Hamitouche, Chafiaa; Stindel, Eric; Roux, Christian

    2010-01-01

    In-vivo measurement of tibiofemoral forces transmitted through Total Knee Replacement (TKR) during normal walking allows the early detection of postoperative complications such as the tibiofemoral misalignment and soft-tissue imbalance. In addition, the in-vivo data can help to improve the design of TKR in order to reduce polyethylene wear and consequently to increase the lifespan of knee implant. A self-powered custom-designed tibial implant instrumented with four piezoceramics has been developed in order to detect the aforementioned complications by measuring the relative change in pressure center (COP) position for different levels of eccentric compressive loading. Moreover, the energy harvested by the piezoceramics can be used to power a transmission system located at the stem of knee implant to wirelessly transmit the in-vivo data outside the implant for further processing and display.

  18. Initial manifestation of type I diabetes mellitus as an unusual cause of early post-operative seizures.

    PubMed

    Benova, Barbora; Krsek, Pavel; Sumnik, Zdenek; Kudr, Martin; Komarek, Vladimir; Tichy, Michal

    2016-06-01

    We present a case of an 18-year-old patient who underwent resective epilepsy surgery for intractable epilepsy caused by focal cortical dysplasia. In the early post-surgical period, the patient started experiencing atypical seizures refractory to antiepileptic treatment. In due course, abnormally low levels of blood sodium and extremely high levels of blood glucose were discovered. Significant hyperglycaemia was initially ascribed to steroid-induced diabetes, and antibodies specific to type I diabetes mellitus were subsequently detected, confirming the diagnosis. Following stabilization of glucose and electrolyte levels, the patient became seizure-free. To our knowledge, this is the first report of presentation of type I diabetes as the cause of early post-operative seizures. We discuss less common aetiologies of seizures in the early post-operative period, including metabolic disturbances. Based on our experience, we stress the importance of electrolyte and glucose monitoring in the setting of acute post-operative seizures.

  19. The benefit of early mobilisation of tension-free vaginal tape in the treatment of post-operative voiding dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Price, Natalia; Slack, Alex; Khong, Su-Yen; Currie, Ian; Jackson, Simon

    2009-07-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of early mobilisation of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) in cases of post-operative voiding dysfunction. Thirty-three consecutive cases of early mobilisation of TVT to treat post-operative voiding dysfunction were analysed retrospectively. In each case, the TVT was mobilised and loosened without dividing it, under general anaesthesia, within 2 weeks after the original procedure. Voiding function subsequently returned to normal in 29 out of 33 women with no recurrence of original stress incontinence. The four remaining women had the tape divided. The study shows that early mobilisation of the TVT allows rapid resolution of post-operative voiding dysfunction without compromising the outcome of the original continence procedure.

  20. [The recovery of binocular vision in the early post-operative stage of senile cataract patient].

    PubMed

    Qin, Xue-jiao; Zhang, Xiao; Li, Jing-hai; Wang, Hong

    2003-05-01

    To study the recovery of binocular vision and the risk factors that affect the recovery in the early post-operative stage of senile cataract patients. Patients undergone extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation (ECCE group) or cataract phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation (PHACO group) were examined for their corrected visual acuity, refractive power, simultaneous perception, fusion, near and far-distance stereoacuity. Before operation, the visual acuity was worse in the ECCE group than that in the PHACO group (chi(2) = 9.769, P < 0.05); After operation, the visual acuity between ECCE group and PHACO group was not statistically significant (chi(2) = 0.52 for operated eyes, P > 0.05, chi(2) = 3.52 for non-operated eyes, P > 0.05). The cylinder anisometropia in ECCE group was worse than the PHACO group (chi(2) = 12.496, P < 0.01). All patients obtained simultaneous perception and fusion sense. There was more or less far-distance stereoacuity 83.3% in ECCE group and 94.7% in PHACO group, which was no statistical significant (chi(2) = 1.456, P > 0.05). Foveal near stereoacuity was established in ECCE group (2.8%) and in PHACO group (21.1%), which were statistically significant (chi(2) = 5.029, P < 0.05). There is incomplete recovery of binocular vision in the early post-operative stage of senile cataract patients. The vision depression, especially monocular depression before surgery and the anisometropia after operation may affect the recovery of binocular vision.

  1. Early Postoperative Progression to Solid Foods Is Safe After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

    PubMed

    Theunissen, Caroline M J; Maring, John K; Raeijmaekers, Natascha J C; Martijnse, Ingrid S; Langenhoff, Barbara S

    2016-02-01

    Even though admission time is reduced with the implementation of various enhanced recovery protocols, many clinics still instruct patients after weight loss surgery to maintain a fluid or minced-food diet for at least 2 weeks postoperatively. We reasoned that with adequate preoperative instructions, including adequate chewing of all foods, early progression to solid foods would not increase the risk of (gastro)enterostomy leakage. In December 2010, a new dietary protocol was implemented for all patients undergoing a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, allowing progression to solid foods from 12 h postprocedure onwards. All patients received thorough preoperative eating instructions and eating awareness counselling from a qualified dietician and psychologist. A retrospective study was performed of 936 patients who underwent a primary or redo laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass between January 2011 and June 2014 in our hospital. All 30-day complications, readmissions and reoperations were noted. No 30-day loss to follow-up occurred. Overall 30-day complication rate was 9.4%, with gastrointestinal leakage occurring in only 0.6%. A low threshold for readmission was maintained due to the short mean admission time of 1.87 days. Readmission rate was 4.8%--mainly for observation of postoperative pain--and 1.8% of our patients required reoperation within 30 days. Mortality was 0.1%. Our results are comparable to results published by other Dutch centres advocating conventional diets, showing no increase in leakage or other complications. We conclude that early progression to solid foods after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is a feasible alternative as no increase in complications is observed.

  2. Early primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot does not lead to increased postoperative resource utilization.

    PubMed

    Peer, Syed Murfad; Zurakowski, David; Jonas, Richard A; Sinha, Pranava

    2014-12-01

    Although early primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot has gained wider acceptance, there is some speculation that repair at a younger age may be associated with increased morbidity and resource utilization. A retrospective review of all consecutive patients undergoing tetralogy of Fallot repair between September 2004 and December 2011 was performed. Primary end points were hospital charges, and surrogates of postoperative hospital resource utilization, including ventilation time, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and hospital stay. The secondary end point was operative death. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors associated with increased postoperative hospital resource utilization. Among 164 patients in the study, there was 1 hospital death (0.6%). After excluding 9 patients who had palliative procedures before their repair, 155 comprised the primary repair group. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed prematurity (p = 0.018), a nonelective operation (p < 0.001), and major extracardiac anomalies (p = 0.003) were independent predictors of increased postoperative hospital charges. Prematurity (p < 0.002), low birth weight (p = 0.047), and major extracardiac anomalies (p < 0.001) were significant predictors of increased ventilation time. Prematurity (p < 0.001), a nonelective operation (p < 0.001), and low birth weight (p = 0.048) significantly increased ICU length of stay. A nonelective operation (p = 0.025) and major extracardiac anomalies (p < 0.001) were predictors of an increased hospital stay. Younger age at repair was not associated with any increase in ventilation time, ICU stay, hospital stay, or with an increase in hospital charges. Extracardiac anomalies, prematurity, low birth weight, and nonelective surgical intervention are predictors of increased morbidity and increased hospital resource utilization and impose a significant cost burden to the care of these patients. Early primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot can be

  3. Early prediction of renal parenchymal injury with serum procalcitonin

    PubMed Central

    Barati, Leila; Safaeian, Baranak; Mehrjerdian, Mahshid; Vakili, Mohammad-Ali

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections in children that can be associated with renal parenchymal injuries and late scars. Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scan is known as golden standard for detecting acute pyelonephritis (APN) that has a lot of difficulties and limitations. Objectives: we designed this study the accuracy of one inflammatory marker, serum procalcitonin (PCT) to identify as an early predictor of renal injuries. Patients and Methods: A prospective study was carried out in 95 patients who admitted in the hospital with the first febrile UTI. Serum PCT of all patients was measured; sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value (PPV and NPV) of this marker was analyzed compared to DMSA scan. P value <0.05 was taken as significant. Results: In total, 79 females and 16 males were investigated. There are 42 cases in group 1 with normal DMSA scan and 53 patients in group two with renal parenchymal injuries in their scans. Mann-Whitney test showed a meaningful relation between the two groups regarding PCT level (P<0.0001). Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of PCT reported in optimum cut off were 70%, 88.1%, 88.1% and 70%, respectively. The positive likelihood ratio (PLR) of PCT test was 5.8. Conclusion: In the current survey, PCT was the eligible inflammatory marker to predict renal parenchymal injuries in children with proper sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV that play also a pivotal role in the children aged less than 24 months, although, more studies should be undertaken to confirm. PMID:27689104

  4. Pre-operative serum albumin level substantially predicts post-operative morbidity and mortality among patients with colorectal cancer who undergo elective colectomy.

    PubMed

    Chiang, J M; Chang, C J; Jiang, S F; Yeh, C Y; You, J F; Hsieh, P S; Huang, H Y

    2017-03-01

    The quantitative relationship between serum albumin level and surgical outcomes has not been clearly established. This study included 3732 patients with colon cancer who underwent a potentially curative colectomy. Post-operative mortality and morbidity were analysed according to the patients' demographic data, pre-operative comorbidities, and tumour-related factors. Age, asthma, renal impairment, and albumin level were significantly associated with post-operative morbidity and mortality in the multivariate analyses. Logistic regression analysis revealed linear relationships of post-operative morbidity and mortality with albumin level. The morbidity and mortality rates decreased by 7.3% and 15.6%, respectively, for each 0.1 g/dL increase in albumin level. This finding remained significant in the hypoalbuminaemia subgroup but not in the normoalbuminaemia subgroup. That is, the morbidity and mortality rates significantly decreased by 8.7% and 17.7%, respectively (both P < 0.001), in the former group and decreased by 2.7% (P = 0.112) and 11.6% (P = 0.092), respectively, in the latter group. This study demonstrated that serum albumin level linearly predicted the post-operative morbidity and mortality among the colorectal cancer patients. Pre-operative serum albumin level may therefore be used as a continuous rather than a categorical marker of disease severity, especially among patients with hypoalbuminaemia. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Postoperative luxury perfusion syndrome in patients with severe subarachnoid hemorrhage treated by early aneurysmal clipping.

    PubMed

    Ohta, H

    1990-01-01

    Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured in 90 patients who underwent early aneurysmal clipping after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Measurements were made by a noninvasive, two-dimensional method involving intravenous injection of 133Xe. Patients of Hunt and Hess grades I and II exhibited normal to slightly subnormal CBF, without significant changes, during the study period. Grades III-V patients had almost normal CBF in the early postoperative period, but their CBF gradually decreased, becoming significantly low after day 31. It is noteworthy that in grades IV and V patients, CBF was abnormally high in the acute stage, relative to their poor neurological condition; these patients were considered to have the "global luxury perfusion syndrome." The syndrome was not uncommon in patients with severe SAH. Possible causative or contributory factors are attempts to surgically reduce intracranial pressure, which leads to increased cerebral perfusion pressure, and concomitant global dysautoregulation. In patients with this syndrome, maneuvers intended to increase CBF should be avoided, as they may aggravate brain swelling or cause hemorrhagic events. Positron emission tomographic studies will provide more accurate and useful information concerning the management of SAH patients.

  6. Pre-operative serum albumin is associated with post-operative complication rate and overall survival in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer undergoing cytoreductive surgery.

    PubMed

    Ataseven, Beyhan; du Bois, Andreas; Reinthaller, Alexander; Traut, Alexander; Heitz, Florian; Aust, Stefanie; Prader, Sonia; Polterauer, Stephan; Harter, Philipp; Grimm, Christoph

    2015-09-01

    Hypoalbuminemia has been reported as a risk factor for post-operative complications and unfavorable survival in cancer patients. We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of preoperative serum albumin levels on post-operative complication rate and the impact on overall survival (OS) in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) undergoing primary cytoreductive surgery. The present retrospective study included 604 consecutive patients with EOC who underwent primary cytoreductive surgery at two tertiary cancer centers specialized in gynecologic oncology. Hypoalbuminemia was defined as a pre-operative serum albumin level≤35g/L. Post-operative surgical complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo-Classification (CDC). Fisher-test was used to investigate the predictive value of hypoalbuminemia on the rate of severe post-operative complications. Survival analyses were calculated using log-rank test and Cox regression models. The incidence of pre-operative hypoalbuminemia in the entire cohort was 16.4%. Hypoalbuminemia was a predictive factor for severe post-operative complications (CDC 3-5) (OR 3.65, (CI95% 1.59--8.39); p=0.002). Furthermore, median overall survival time of patients with hypoalbuminemia was 24 months compared to 83 months in patients with normal albumin (p<0.001), respectively. Hypoalbuminemia was independently associated with shortened overall survival (HR 2.2 (95% CI 1.6-3.0); p<0.001) even after adjusting established prognostic factors such as age, tumor stage, performance status, and post-operative residual disease. Pre-operative hypoalbuminemia can be used as both an independent predictive factor for severe post-operative complications and as prognostic parameter regarding overall survival in EOC patients. Therefore, albumin levels may be incorporated into future clinical trials as stratification factor. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. [Low oxygen saturation during early postoperative period in adult patients receiving opioids by intravenous patient-controlled analgesia].

    PubMed

    Sato, Chiyo; Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Kawamoto, Masashi; Yuge, Osafumi; Ogawa, Ryo

    2004-06-01

    Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) provides effective postoperative analgesia. However, there are few reports concerning the adverse outcome of respiratory depression. We measured arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) continuously during early postoperative period in 38 adult patients receiving opioids by intravenous PCA. We assessed the severity and incidence of desaturation, defined as SpO2 below 90% for more than 10 seconds. Nine patients showed desaturation and were studied after the surgery of the extremities, body surfaces, thorax or abdomen. Two patients showed desaturation with combination of surgery of long duration and obesity. Six patients, all of whom with liver cirrhosis, underwent thoracic and abdominal procedures, and showed desaturation because of respiratory dysfunction and hypoxemia caused by the surgery itself. One patient showed respiratory depression due to the opioids. We conclude that careful monitoring with a pulse oximeter and giving oxygen are essential to prevent desaturation during early postoperative period.

  8. Early postoperative fear of movement predicts pain, disability, and physical health six months after spinal surgery for degenerative conditions.

    PubMed

    Archer, Kristin R; Seebach, Caryn L; Mathis, Shannon L; Riley, Lee H; Wegener, Stephen T

    2014-05-01

    The fear-avoidance model offers a promising framework for understanding the development of chronic postoperative pain and disability. However, limited research has examined this model in patients undergoing spinal surgery. To determine whether preoperative and early postoperative fear of movement predicts pain, disability, and physical health at 6 months following spinal surgery for degenerative conditions, after controlling for depressive symptoms and other potential confounding variables. A prospective cohort study conducted at an academic outpatient clinic. One hundred forty-one patients undergoing surgery for lumbar or cervical degenerative conditions. Self-reported pain and disability were measured with the Brief Pain Inventory and the Oswestry Disability Index/Neck Disability Index, respectively. The physical composite scale of the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) measured physical health. Data collection occurred preoperatively and at 6 weeks and 6 months following surgery. Fear of movement was measured with the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia and depression with the Prime-MD PHQ-9. One hundred and twenty patients (85% follow-up) completed the 6-month postoperative assessment. Multivariable mixed-method linear regression analyses found that early postoperative fear of movement (6 weeks) predicted pain intensity, pain interference, disability, and physical health at 6-month follow-up (p<.05). Preoperative and early postoperative depression predicted pain interference, disability, and physical health. Results provide support for the fear-avoidance model in a postsurgical spine population. Early postoperative screening for fear of movement and depressive symptoms that do not acutely improve following surgical intervention appears warranted. Cognitive and behavioral strategies may be beneficial for postsurgical patients with high fear of movement and/or depressive symptoms. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Advances in the mechanisms and early warning indicators of the postoperative cognitive dysfunction after the extracorporeal circulation.

    PubMed

    Liu, Chao; Han, Jian-ge

    2015-02-01

    The high incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after extracorporeal circulation has seriously affected the prognosis and quality of life. Its mechanism may involve the inflammatory response and oxidative stress,the excessive phosphorylation of tau protein, the decreased blood volume and oxygen in the cerebral cortex. Appropriate early warning indicators of POCD after the extracorporeal circulation should be chosen to facilitate the cross validation of the results obtained different technical approaches and thus promote the early diagnosis and treatment of POCD.

  10. Higher Levels of Serum Triglycerides were Associated with Postoperative Deep Vein Thrombosis After Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients with Nontraumatic Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head.

    PubMed

    Xu, Zhihong; Dai, Xiaoyu; Yao, Yao; Shi, Dongquan; Chen, Dongyang; Dai, Jin; Teng, Huajian; Jiang, Qing

    2016-03-01

    This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the association of serum lipids and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) risk following total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). A total of 224 nontraumatic ONFH patients were enrolled. Serum levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were detected preoperatively. All the patients underwent unilateral lower extremity venography on postoperative days 3 to 5 for DVT screening. In females, patients who were venogram positive for DVT had a higher serum TG level than those who were venogram negative for DVT (P = .029) and a higher TG level was associated with an increased DVT risk (P = .042). Serum TG levels considerably affect DVT risk after THA in female nontraumatic ONFH patients. © The Author(s) 2015.

  11. Heparin-coated extracorporeal circulation in combination with low dose systemic heparinization reduces early postoperative blood loss in cardiac surgery.

    PubMed

    Mirow, N; Zittermann, A; Koertke, H; Maleszka, A; Knobl, H; Coskun, T; Kleesiek, K; Koerfer, R

    2008-04-01

    According to a recently performed meta-analysis, heparin-bonded circuits do not reduce blood loss in cardiac surgery patients compared to nonheparin-bonded circuits within the first 24 h postoperatively. We investigated the effects of heparin-coated circuits in combination with a reduced systemic heparin dose on early postoperative blood loss (first 12 h), platelet function, and postoperative complications. Patients who underwent their first coronary artery bypass graft surgery were included in a randomized prospective study. Group A (n=149) was perfused with an uncoated extracorporeal circulation (ECC)-set and groups B (n=152) and C (n=149) with heparin-coated ECC-sets. In groups A and B, conventional dose systemic heparin was given, whereas group C received low dose systemic heparin. Blood loss was assessed within the first 12 h postoperatively. Moreover, biochemical parameters of pro-coagulant activity and immunological function were measured. None of the pro-coagulant activity markers and immunological parameters measured differed preoperatively or postoperatively between study groups. However, intraoperative platelet counts and maximal intraoperative concentrations of platelet factor 4, ss-thromboglobulin, and poly-morpho-nuclear (PMN)-elastase were lowest in group C, whereas group C also had the highest concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin complex (P<0.018-0.001). Blood loss within the first 12 h postoperatively was 457 +/- 204 mL in group A, 431 +/- 178 mL in group B, and 382 +/- 188 mL in group C (P<0.01). Complication rates and 30-day mortality did not differ between study groups. The combined use of heparin-coated circuits and low dose systemic heparinization is able to reduce early postoperative blood loss without enhancing the risk of complications.

  12. Early Post-operative Mortality After Major Lower Limb Amputation: A Systematic Review of Population and Regional Based Studies.

    PubMed

    van Netten, J J; Fortington, L V; Hinchliffe, R J; Hijmans, J M

    2016-02-01

    Lower limb amputation is often associated with a high risk of early post-operative mortality. Mortality rates are also increasingly being put forward as a possible benchmark for surgical performance. The primary aim of this systematic review is to investigate early post-operative mortality following a major lower limb amputation in population/regional based studies, and reported factors that might influence these mortality outcomes. Embase, PubMed, Cinahl and Psycinfo were searched for publications in any language on 30 day or in hospital mortality after major lower limb amputation in population/regional based studies. PRISMA guidelines were followed. A self developed checklist was used to assess quality and susceptibility to bias. Summary data were extracted for the percentage of the population who died; pooling of quantitative results was not possible because of methodological differences between studies. Of the 9,082 publications identified, results were included from 21. The percentage of the population undergoing amputation who died within 30 days ranged from 7% to 22%, the in hospital equivalent was 4-20%. Transfemoral amputation and older age were found to have a higher proportion of early post-operative mortality, compared with transtibial and younger age, respectively. Other patient factors or surgical treatment choices related to increased early post-operative mortality varied between studies. Early post-operative mortality rates vary from 4% to 22%. There are very limited data presented for patient related factors (age, comorbidities) that influence mortality. Even less is known about factors related to surgical treatment choices, being limited to amputation level. More information is needed to allow comparison across studies or for any benchmarking of acceptable mortality rates. Agreement is needed on key factors to be reported. Copyright © 2015 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Risk Factors of Preoperative and Early Postoperative Seizures in Patients with Meningioma: A Retrospective Single-Center Cohort Study.

    PubMed

    Skardelly, Marco; Rother, Christian; Noell, Susan; Behling, Felix; Wuttke, Thomas V; Schittenhelm, Jens; Bisdas, Sotirios; Meisner, Christoph; Rona, Sabine; Tabatabai, Ghazaleh; Roser, Florian; Tatagiba, Marcos Soares

    2017-01-01

    Well-defined risk factors for the identification of patients with meningioma who might benefit from preoperative or early postoperative seizure prophylaxis are unknown. We investigated and quantified risk factors to determine individual risks of seizure occurrence in patients with meningioma. A total of 634 adult patients with meningioma were included in this retrospective cohort study. Patient gender and age, tumor location, grade and volume, usage of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and extent of resection were determined. Preoperative and early postoperative seizures occurred in 15% (n = 97) and 5% (n = 21) of the patients, respectively. Overall, 502 and 418 patients were eligible for multivariate logistic regression analyses of preoperative and early postoperative seizures, respectively. Male gender (odds ratio [OR], 2.06; P = 0.009), a non-skull base location (OR, 4.43; P < 0.001), and a tumor volume of >8 cm(3) (OR, 3.05; P = 0.002) were associated with a higher risk of preoperative seizures and were used to stratify the patients into 3 prognostic groups. The high-risk subgroup of patients with meningioma showed a seizure rate of >40% (OR, 9.8; P < 0.001). Only a non-skull base tumor location (OR, 2.61; P = 0.046) was identified as a significant risk factor for early postoperative seizures. AEDs did not reduce early postoperative seizure occurrence. Seizure prophylaxis might be considered for patients at high risk of developing seizures who are for other reasons being considered for watchful waiting instead of resection. In contrast, our data do not provide any evidence of the efficacy of perioperative AEDs in patients with meningioma. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Which frailty measure is a good predictor of early post-operative complications in elderly hip fracture patients?

    PubMed

    Kua, Joanne; Ramason, Rani; Rajamoney, Ganesan; Chong, Mei Sian

    2016-05-01

    Current pre-operative assessment using, e.g., American Society of Anaesthesiologists score does not accurately predict post-operative outcomes following hip fracture. The multidimensional aspect of frailty syndrome makes it a better predictor of post-operative outcomes in hip fracture patients. We aim to discover which frailty measure is more suitable for prediction of early post-operative outcomes in hip fracture patients. Hundred consecutive hip fracture patients seen by the orthogeriatric service were included. We collected baseline demographic, functional and comorbidity data. In addition to ASA, a single blinded rater measured frailty using two scales (i) modified fried criteria (MFC) and (ii) reported edmonton frail scale (REFS). The MFC adopted a surrogate gait speed measure with two questions: (i) Climbing one flight of stairs and (ii) Ability to walk 1 km in the last 2 weeks. Immediate post-operative complications during the inpatient stay were taken as the primary outcome measure. Subjects had mean age of 79.1 ± 9.6 years. Sixty six percent were female and 87 % of Chinese ethnicity. Eighty two percent had surgery, of which 37.8 % (n = 31) had post-operative complications. Frailty, measured by MFC (OR 4.46, p = 0.04) and REFS (OR 6.76, p = 0.01) were the only significant predictors of post-operative complications on univariate analyses. In the hierarchical logistic regression model, only REFS (OR 3.42, p = 0.04) predicted early post-operative complications. At 6 months follow-up, REFS significantly predicted [basic activities of daily living (BADL)] function on the multivariable logistic regression models. (BADL, OR 6.19, p = 0.01). Frailty, measured by the REFS is a good predictor of early post-operative outcomes in our pilot study of older adults undergoing hip surgery. It is also able to predict 6 months BADL function. We intend to review its role in longer-term post-operative outcomes and validate its potential role in pre

  15. Early postoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT in high-risk stage III colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Wasserberg, Nir; Purim, Ofer; Bard, Vyacheslav; Kundel, Yulia; Gordon, Noa; Groshar, David; Goldberg, Natalia; Kashtan, Hanoch; Sulkes, Aaron; Brenner, Baruch

    2015-04-01

    PET/CT may contribute to staging modification in different phases of colorectal cancer (CRC) management. However, it is not routinely indicated for stage III CRC. This study sought to determine the role of early postoperative PET/CT in patients with high-risk stage III CRC. The tumor registry of a tertiary medical center was searched (2004-2011) for all patients with stage III CRC who underwent early postoperative PET/CT because of the presence of high-risk factors for systemic disease. Demographic and clinicopathological characteristics were compared between patients found/not found to have metastatic disease. The cohort included 91 patients with a median age of 67 years (range, 29-90 years). Pathological FDG uptake was observed in 38 (41%). Of these, 14 (15% of the whole cohort) were upstaged with alteration of their treatment protocol, 10 (11%) had local postoperative changes, and 14 (15%) had false-positive findings. The sensitivity and specificity of PET/CT for detecting metastatic disease were 100% and 69%, respectively. Elevated postoperative carcinoembryonic antigen and CA-19.9 levels correlated with a positive PET/CT (P = 0.05 and P = 0.03, respectively). The median follow-up time was 34 months (range, 4-85 months). The estimated 5-year survival rate was significantly higher in patients with a negative than a positive scan (70% vs 42%, P < 0.0006). Findings on early postoperative PET/CT may influence staging and treatment in 15% of selected patients with high-risk stage III CRC. Postoperative levels of carcinoembryonic antigen and CA-19.9 may serve as indications for PET/CT scanning in this setting. Prospective validation is warranted.

  16. Screening of early antigen genes of adult-stage Trichinella spiralis using pig serum from different stages of early infection

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The goal of this work was to identify novel, early antigens present in Trichinella spiralis. To this end, a cDNA library generated from 3-day old adult worms (Ad3) was immunologically screened using serum from a pig infected with 20,000 muscle larvae. The serum was obtained from multiple, time cours...

  17. Preoperative factors as a predictor for early postoperative outcomes after repair of congenital transposition of the great arteries.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jung-Won; Gwak, Mijeung; Shin, Won-Jung; Kim, Hyun-Jung; Yu, Jeong Jin; Park, Pyung-Hwan

    2015-03-01

    Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) requires early surgical repair during the neonatal period. Several preoperative factors have been identified for the postoperative poor outcome after arterial switch operation (ASO). However, the data remain uncertain an association. Therefore, we investigated the preoperative factors which affect the early postoperative outcomes. Between March 2005 and May 2012, a retrospective study was performed which included 126 infants with an ASO for TGA. Preoperative data included the vasoactive inotropic score (VIS) and baseline hemodynamics. Early postoperative outcomes included the duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of stay in the intensive care unit and hospital, and early mortality. Multivariate linear regression and receiver operating characteristics analysis were performed. The duration of mechanical ventilation was significantly correlated with the preoperative mechanical ventilator support and VIS, and CPB time. On multivariate linear regression analysis, a higher preoperative VIS, preoperative B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level, and the CPB time were identified as independent risk factors for delayed mechanical ventilation. Preoperative VIS (OR 1.154, 95 % CI 1.024-1.300) and the CPB time (OR 1.034, 95 % CI 1.009-1.060) were independent parameters predicting early mortality. A preoperative VIS of 12.5 had the best combined sensitivity (83.3 %) and specificity (85.3 %) and an AUC of 0.852 (95 % CI 0.642-1.061) predicted early mortality. Our results suggest that preoperative VIS and BNP can predict the need for prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation. Moreover, preoperative VIS may be used as a simple and feasible indicator for predicting early mortality.

  18. Effects of Anesthetic Management on Early Postoperative Recovery, Hemodynamics and Pain After Supratentorial Craniotomy

    PubMed Central

    Ayrian, Eugenia; Kaye, Alan David; Varner, Chelsia L.; Guerra, Carolina; Vadivelu, Nalini; Urman, Richard D.; Zelman, Vladimir; Lumb, Philip D.; Rosa, Giovanni; Bilotta, Federico

    2015-01-01

    Various clinical trials have assessed how intraoperative anesthetics can affect early recovery, hemodynamics and nociception after supratentorial craniotomy. Whether or not the difference in recovery pattern differs in a meaningful way with anesthetic choice is controversial. This review examines and compares different anesthetics with respect to wake-up time, hemodynamics, respiration, cognitive recovery, pain, nausea and vomiting, and shivering. When comparing inhalational anesthetics to intravenous anesthetics, either regimen produces similar recovery results. Newer shorter acting agents accelerate the process of emergence and extubation. A balanced inhalational/intravenous anesthetic could be desirable for patients with normal intracranial pressure, while total intravenous anesthesia could be beneficial for patients with elevated intracranial pressure. Comparison of inhalational anesthetics shows all appropriate for rapid emergence, decreasing time to extubation, and cognitive recovery. Comparison of opioids demonstrates similar awakening and extubation time if the infusion of longer acting opioids was ended at the appropriate time. Administration of local anesthetics into the skin, and addition of corticosteroids, NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors, and PCA therapy postoperatively provided superior analgesia. It is also important to emphasize the possibility of long-term effects of anesthetics on cognitive function. More research is warranted to develop best practices strategies for the future that are evidence-based. PMID:26345202

  19. Early Postoperative Results of Percutaneous Needle Fasciotomy in 451 Patients with Dupuytren Disease.

    PubMed

    Molenkamp, Sanne; Schouten, Tanneke A M; Broekstra, Dieuwke C; Werker, Paul M N; Moolenburgh, J Daniel

    2017-06-01

    Percutaneous needle fasciotomy is a minimally invasive treatment modality for Dupuytren disease. In this study, the authors analyzed the efficacy and complication rate of percutaneous needle fasciotomy using a statistical method that takes the multilevel structure of data, regarding multiple measurements from the same patient, into account. The data of 470 treated rays from 451 patients with Dupuytren disease that underwent percutaneous needle fasciotomy were analyzed retrospectively. The authors described the early postoperative results of percutaneous needle fasciotomy and applied linear mixed models to compare mean correction of passive extension deficit between joints and efficacy of primary versus secondary percutaneous needle fasciotomy. Mean preoperative passive extension deficits at the metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints were 37, 40, and 31 degrees, respectively. Mean preoperative total passive extension deficit was 54 degrees. Results were excellent, with a mean total passive extension deficit correction of 85 percent. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy was most effective for metacarpophalangeal joints and less effective for proximal interphalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints. Secondary percutaneous needle fasciotomy was as effective as primary percutaneous needle fasciotomy. Complications were rare and mostly minor. The results of this study confirm that percutaneous needle fasciotomy is an effective and safe treatment modality for patients with mild to moderate disease who prefer a minimally invasive procedure. Therapeutic, IV.

  20. Early post-operative results of percutaneous needle fasciotomy in 451 patients with Dupuytren disease.

    PubMed

    Molenkamp, Sanne; Schouten, Tanneke A M; Broekstra, Dieuwke C; Werker, Paul M N; Moolenburgh, J Daniel

    2017-02-13

    Percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) is a minimally invasive treatment modality for Dupuytren disease (DD). In this study we analyzed the efficacy and complication-rate of PNF using a statistical method that takes the multi-level structure of data, regarding multiple measurements from the same patients, into account. The data of 470 treated rays from 451 patients with Dupuytren disease that underwent percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) were analyzed retrospectively. We described the early postoperative results of PNF and we applied linear mixed models to compare mean correction of PED between joints and efficacy of primary versus secondary PNF. Mean preoperative PED's at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP), proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints were 37˚, 40˚ and 31˚ respectively. Mean preoperative TPED was 54˚. Results were excellent, with a mean TPED correction of 85%. PNF was most effective for MCP-joints and less effective for PIP and DIP-joints. Secondary PNF was as effective as primary PNF. Complications were rare and mostly minor. The results of this study confirm that PNF is an effective and safe treatment modality for patients with mild to moderate disease who prefer a minimally invasive procedure.

  1. Effects of Anesthetic Management on Early Postoperative Recovery, Hemodynamics and Pain After Supratentorial Craniotomy.

    PubMed

    Ayrian, Eugenia; Kaye, Alan David; Varner, Chelsia L; Guerra, Carolina; Vadivelu, Nalini; Urman, Richard D; Zelman, Vladimir; Lumb, Philip D; Rosa, Giovanni; Bilotta, Federico

    2015-10-01

    Various clinical trials have assessed how intraoperative anesthetics can affect early recovery, hemodynamics and nociception after supratentorial craniotomy. Whether or not the difference in recovery pattern differs in a meaningful way with anesthetic choice is controversial. This review examines and compares different anesthetics with respect to wake-up time, hemodynamics, respiration, cognitive recovery, pain, nausea and vomiting, and shivering. When comparing inhalational anesthetics to intravenous anesthetics, either regimen produces similar recovery results. Newer shorter acting agents accelerate the process of emergence and extubation. A balanced inhalational/intravenous anesthetic could be desirable for patients with normal intracranial pressure, while total intravenous anesthesia could be beneficial for patients with elevated intracranial pressure. Comparison of inhalational anesthetics shows all appropriate for rapid emergence, decreasing time to extubation, and cognitive recovery. Comparison of opioids demonstrates similar awakening and extubation time if the infusion of longer acting opioids was ended at the appropriate time. Administration of local anesthetics into the skin, and addition of corticosteroids, NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors, and PCA therapy postoperatively provided superior analgesia. It is also important to emphasize the possibility of long-term effects of anesthetics on cognitive function. More research is warranted to develop best practices strategies for the future that are evidence-based.

  2. Changes in cerebral oxygen saturation and early postoperative cognitive function after laparoscopic gastrectomy: a comparison with conventional open surgery

    PubMed Central

    Jo, Youn Yi; Kim, Jong Yeop; Lee, Mi Geum; Lee, Seul Gi

    2016-01-01

    Background Laparoscopic gastrectomy requires a reverse-Trendelenburg position and prolonged pneumoperitoneum and it could cause significant changes in cerebral homeostasis and lead to cognitive dysfunction. We compared changes in regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2), early postoperative cognitive function and hemodynamic variables in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy with those patients that underwent conventional open gastrectomy. Methods Sixty patients were enrolled in this study and the patients were distributed to receive either laparoscopic gastrectomy (laparoscopy group, n = 30) or open conventional gastrectomy (open group, n = 30). rSO2, end-tidal carbon dioxide tension, hemodynamic variables and arterial blood gas analysis were monitored during the operation. The enrolled patients underwent the mini-mental state examination 1 day before and 5 days after surgery for evaluation of early postoperative cognitive function. Results Compared to baseline value, rSO2 and end-tidal carbon dioxide tension increased significantly in the laparoscopy group after pneumoperitoneum, whereas no change was observed in the open group. No patient experienced cerebral oxygen desaturation or postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Changes in mean arterial pressure over time were significantly different between the groups (P < 0.001). Conclusions Both laparoscopic and open gastrectomy did not induce cerebral desaturation or early postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients under desflurane anesthesia. However, rSO2 values during surgery favoured laparoscopic surgery, which was possibly related to increased cerebral blood flow due to increased carbon dioxide tension and the effect of a reverse Trendelenburg position. PMID:26885301

  3. Serum inflammatory biomarkers fail to identify early axial spondyloarthritis: results from the SpondyloArthritis Caught Early (SPACE) cohort

    PubMed Central

    Turina, Maureen C; Yeremenko, Nataliya; van Gaalen, Floris; van Oosterhout, Maikel; Berg, Inger J; Ramonda, Ramona; Lebre, Cristina (M C); Landewé, Robert; Baeten, Dominique

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Decreasing the diagnostic delay in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) remains a major challenge. Here, we assessed the value of serum inflammatory biomarkers to distinguish early axSpA from other pathologies in a large cohort of patients referred with early back pain. Methods Serum c reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and calprotectin were determined in the SPondyloArthritis Caught Early (SPACE) cohort (n=310), an early back pain inception cohort. Additionally, explorative serum biomarkers derived from the literature (interleukin-27 (IL-27), human β-defensin-2 (hBD-2) and lipcolin-2 (LCN-2)) were determined by ELISA in full-blown patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) (n=21) and healthy controls (n=20). Results Serum CRP and ESR levels were not elevated in early axSpA versus ‘control’ back pain patients. Serum calprotectin was elevated in early axSpA versus controls (p=0.01) but failed to identify early axSpA at the individual level (positive predictive value of 38.7%). As to explorative biomarkers, serum levels of IL-27 were not detectable, and hBD-2 and LCN-2 serum levels were not elevated in full-blown AS versus healthy controls (p=0.572, p=0.562, respectively). Therefore, these markers were not further determined in the SPACE cohort. Conclusions None of the candidate serum inflammatory markers were useful as diagnostic markers in the early phase of axSpA. PMID:28123777

  4. Sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine reduces early postoperative pain behavior and biochemical stress response after laparoscopic ovariohysterectomy in dogs.

    PubMed

    Kim, Young K; Lee, Scott S; Suh, Euy H; Lee, Lyon; Lee, Hee C; Lee, Hyo J; Yeon, Seong C

    2012-02-01

    This study investigated the use of sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine to relieve postoperative pain behavior and biochemical stress response after laparoscopic ovariohysterectomy (LOVH) in dogs. Sixteen sexually intact female dogs were randomly assigned to two groups. The sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine (SIB) group received 4.4 mg/kg of sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine diluted to 0.25% with an equivalent volume of saline after pneumoperitoneum. The control group received 1.76 mL/kg of saline in a similar fashion. Both groups received preoperative periportal 5% bupivacaine (1 mL) before incision. Postoperative pain was measured using the short form of the Glasgow composite measures pain scale (CMPS-SF, 0-24). Serum cortisol and glucose concentrations were measured preoperatively and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24h postoperatively. The SIB group had significantly lower CMPS-SF compared to the control group 1, 2, 4, 6, and 12h after the operation. Cortisol concentrations were significantly increased from preoperative concentrations in the control group at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4h post operation and at 0.5 and 1h post operation in the SIB group. No significant differences were seen in serum glucose within each group. This report suggests that the use of sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine can be used as part of a multimodal approach for pain management after LOVH in dogs. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Predicting early allograft failure and mortality after liver transplantation: the role of the postoperative model for end-stage liver disease score.

    PubMed

    Wagener, Gebhard; Raffel, Brian; Young, Andrew T; Minhaz, Moury; Emond, Jean

    2013-05-01

    Early allograft dysfunction (EAD) is a serious complication after liver transplantation (LT). There is no uniform definition of EAD, and most definitions are based on arbitrary laboratory values. The aim of this study was to devise a definition of EAD that maximizes the predictive power for early death and graft failure. In this single-center, retrospective study, the ability of the international normalized ratio (INR), total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), physiological Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, and serum albumin levels within 7 days after LT to predict 90-day mortality or graft loss was compared with 2 previously used definitions of EAD: (1) peak total bilirubin level >10 mg/dL on days 2 to 7 and (2) either a total bilirubin level >10 mg/dL or an INR >1.6 on day 7 or an AST or alanine aminotransferase level >2000 IU/L within the first 7 days. Of 572 enrolled LT patients 38 died or required retransplantation within 90 days. Peak INR, total bilirubin level, AST levels, and MELD scores were predictors of 90-day graft failure. MELD score on postoperative day 5 was the best predictor with an area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.812 (95% CI: 0.739-0.886, P < 0.001). The best cutoff of MELD score on day 5 for predicting 90-day mortality or graft loss was 18.9. A MELD score >18.9 on postoperative day 5 was a better predictor than any other laboratory value or definition of EAD. This study has demonstrated that the MELD score can be a useful tool not only for pretransplant graft allocation but also for postoperative risk stratification. Copyright © 2013 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

  6. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is safe and feasible in the early postoperative period after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Gautam; Ardila-Gatas, Jessica; Boules, Mena; Davis, Matthew; Villamere, James; Rodriguez, John; Brethauer, Stacy A; Ponsky, Jeffrey; Kroh, Matthew

    2016-10-01

    Surgeons may be reluctant to perform upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy in the early post-operative period due to concern for anastomotic disruption. The aim of this study was to determine the safety and feasibility of early (≤ 30 days) post-operative UGI endoscopy after roux-en-y gastric bypass (RYGB). A retrospective data analysis of a prospectively maintained database was completed between May 2002 and March 2015 for patients that had undergone UGI endoscopy within 30 days of their RYGB. Data analysis included baseline patient demographics, Charlson Comorbidity Index, perioperative parameters, indications for endoscopy; indications for any further endoscopic evaluation, interventions performed, and post-endoscopy complications. 190 patients underwent early postoperative UGI endoscopy after RYGB during the study period. Nineteen patients (10 %) had undergone revisional surgeries. The median duration to postoperative endoscopy was 22 days [IQR 16-26]. The most common indications included dysphagia (n = 74, 39%), abdominal pain (n = 53, 28%), nausea (n = 55, 29%), and vomiting (n = 47, 25%). Therapeutic interventions were performed in 79 patients (42%). These included balloon dilation (n = 66, 84%), feeding tube placement (n = 7, 9%), evacuation of clot (n = 2, 3%), epinephrine injection (n = 2, 3%) and coagulation of bleeding (n = 1, 1%). There were no post-UGI endoscopy anastomotic disruptions or leaks. Endoscopy is helpful for the diagnosis and management of complications after RYGB. Despite the perceived risks, our study demonstrated no complications for both diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy when performed in the early postoperative period. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Early Toxicity in Patients Treated With Postoperative Proton Therapy for Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Cuaron, John J.; Chon, Brian; Tsai, Henry; Goenka, Anuj; DeBlois, David; Ho, Alice; Powell, Simon; Hug, Eugen; Cahlon, Oren

    2015-06-01

    Purpose: To report dosimetry and early toxicity data in breast cancer patients treated with postoperative proton radiation therapy. Methods and Materials: From March 2013 to April 2014, 30 patients with nonmetastatic breast cancer and no history of prior radiation were treated with proton therapy at a single proton center. Patient characteristics and dosimetry were obtained through chart review. Patients were seen weekly while on treatment, at 1 month after radiation therapy completion, and at 3- to 6-month intervals thereafter. Toxicity was scored using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. Frequencies of toxicities were tabulated. Results: Median dose delivered was 50.4 Gy (relative biological equivalent [RBE]) in 5 weeks. Target volumes included the breast/chest wall and regional lymph nodes including the internal mammary lymph nodes (in 93%). No patients required a treatment break. Among patients with >3 months of follow-up (n=28), grade 2 dermatitis occurred in 20 patients (71.4%), with 8 (28.6%) experiencing moist desquamation. Grade 2 esophagitis occurred in 8 patients (28.6%). Grade 3 reconstructive complications occurred in 1 patient. The median planning target volume V95 was 96.43% (range, 79.39%-99.60%). The median mean heart dose was 0.88 Gy (RBE) [range, 0.01-3.20 Gy (RBE)] for all patients, and 1.00 Gy (RBE) among patients with left-sided tumors. The median V20 of the ipsilateral lung was 16.50% (range, 6.1%-30.3%). The median contralateral lung V5 was 0.34% (range, 0%-5.30%). The median maximal point dose to the esophagus was 45.65 Gy (RBE) [range, 0-65.4 Gy (RBE)]. The median contralateral breast mean dose was 0.29 Gy (RBE) [range, 0.03-3.50 Gy (RBE)]. Conclusions: Postoperative proton therapy is well tolerated, with acceptable rates of skin toxicity. Proton therapy favorably spares normal tissue without compromising target coverage. Further follow-up is necessary to assess for clinical outcomes and cardiopulmonary

  8. Early toxicity in patients treated with postoperative proton therapy for locally advanced breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Cuaron, John J; Chon, Brian; Tsai, Henry; Goenka, Anuj; DeBlois, David; Ho, Alice; Powell, Simon; Hug, Eugen; Cahlon, Oren

    2015-06-01

    To report dosimetry and early toxicity data in breast cancer patients treated with postoperative proton radiation therapy. From March 2013 to April 2014, 30 patients with nonmetastatic breast cancer and no history of prior radiation were treated with proton therapy at a single proton center. Patient characteristics and dosimetry were obtained through chart review. Patients were seen weekly while on treatment, at 1 month after radiation therapy completion, and at 3- to 6-month intervals thereafter. Toxicity was scored using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. Frequencies of toxicities were tabulated. Median dose delivered was 50.4 Gy (relative biological equivalent [RBE]) in 5 weeks. Target volumes included the breast/chest wall and regional lymph nodes including the internal mammary lymph nodes (in 93%). No patients required a treatment break. Among patients with >3 months of follow-up (n=28), grade 2 dermatitis occurred in 20 patients (71.4%), with 8 (28.6%) experiencing moist desquamation. Grade 2 esophagitis occurred in 8 patients (28.6%). Grade 3 reconstructive complications occurred in 1 patient. The median planning target volume V95 was 96.43% (range, 79.39%-99.60%). The median mean heart dose was 0.88 Gy (RBE) [range, 0.01-3.20 Gy (RBE)] for all patients, and 1.00 Gy (RBE) among patients with left-sided tumors. The median V20 of the ipsilateral lung was 16.50% (range, 6.1%-30.3%). The median contralateral lung V5 was 0.34% (range, 0%-5.30%). The median maximal point dose to the esophagus was 45.65 Gy (RBE) [range, 0-65.4 Gy (RBE)]. The median contralateral breast mean dose was 0.29 Gy (RBE) [range, 0.03-3.50 Gy (RBE)]. Postoperative proton therapy is well tolerated, with acceptable rates of skin toxicity. Proton therapy favorably spares normal tissue without compromising target coverage. Further follow-up is necessary to assess for clinical outcomes and cardiopulmonary toxicities. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Early postoperative parathormone sampling and prognosis after total parathyroidectomy in secondary hyperparathyroidism.

    PubMed

    Nascimento, Climério Pereira do; Brescia, Marília D'Elboux Guimarães; Custódio, Melani Ribeiro; Massoni, Ledo Mazzei; Silveira, André Albuquerque; Goldenstein, Patrícia Taschner; Arap, Sérgio Samir; Jorgetti, Vanda; Moyses, Rosa Maria Affonso; Montenegro, Fábio Luiz de Menezes

    2017-04-27

    There is possibility of a supernumerary hyperplastic parathyroid gland in dialysis patients after total parathyroidectomy and autograft in dialysis patients. To test if the early postoperative measure of parathyroid hormone (PTH) can identify persistent hyperparathyroidism. A prospective cohort of dialysis patients submitted to parathyroidectomy had PTH measured up to one week after operation. The absolute value and the relative decrease were analyzed according to clinical outcome of satisfactory control of secondary hyperparathyroidism or persistence. Of 51 cases, preoperative PTH varied from 425 to 6,964 pg/mL (median 2,103 pg/mL). Postoperatively, PTH was undetectable in 28 cases (54.9%). In eight individuals (15.7%) the PTH was lower than 16 pg/mL, in 10 (19.6%) the PTH values were between 16 and 87pg/mL, and in five (9.8%), PTH was higher than 87 pg/mL. Undetectable PTH was more common in patients with preoperative PTH below the median (p = 0.0002). There was a significant correlation between preoperative PTH and early postoperative PTH (Spearman R = 0.42, p = 0.002). A relative decrease superior to 95% was associated to satisfactory clinical outcome. A relative decrease less than 80% was associated to persistent disease, despite initial postoperative hypocalcemia. Measurement of PTH in the first days after parathyroidectomy in dialysis patients may suggest good clinical outcome if a decrease of at least 95% of the preoperative value is observed. Less than 80% PTH decrease is highly suggestive of residual hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue with persistent hyperparathyroidism, and an early reintervention may be considered. Em pacientes renais crônicos dialíticos submetidos à paratireoidectomia total com autoenxerto, existe a possibilidade de uma glândula paratireoide hiperplásica residual. Verificar se a medida pós-operatória precoce do hormônio da paratireoide (PTH) após paratireoidectomia total com autoenxerto é útil para indicar uma gl

  10. The effect of preoperative circadian blood pressure pattern on early postoperative outcomes in patients with coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    PubMed

    Bahçivan, Muzaffer; Gülel, Okan; Kolbakir, Fersat

    2008-10-01

    The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the relationship between preoperative circadian blood pressure pattern and early postoperative course in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. One hundred and thirty patients planning to undergo isolated CABG operation were included to the study (80 men; 50 women). All patients were studied with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring performed 24 hours before surgery and were divided into 2 groups according with presence (79 patients) or absence (51 patients) of dipper phenomenon. Non-dippers were defined as those with a nocturnal reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressures of less than 10% of daytime pressures. Both groups were compared with each other from the aspect of postoperative need for intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP), inotropic drug support, extubation time, length of intensive care unit and hospitalization stays, renal failure, stroke, malignant ventricular arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, postoperative myocardial infarction and cardiac mortality. Statistical analyses were performed using Chi-square, unpaired t and Mann-Whitney U tests. Logistic regression analysis was performed to establish associations of non-dipper phenomenon with the risk of postoperative complications. When compared with the dipper patients, need for inotropic medications (37.5% vs. 62.5%), low cardiac output syndrome (30.4% vs. 69.6%), postoperative myocardial infarction (28.6% vs. 71.4%) and malignant ventricular arrhythmias (27.8% vs. 72.2%) were higher in the non-dipper patients (p<0.05 for all). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that non-dipper phenomenon after CABG was associated with longer cardiopulmonary bypass time (OR=1.038, 95%CI 1.016-1,060, p=0.001), more need for postoperative inotropic agent (OR=4.014, 95%CI 1.235-13,047, p=0.021) and postoperative IABP (OR=6.625, 95%CI 1.564-28.069, p=0.01) support, higher risk of low cardiac output syndrome (OR=4.159, 95%CI 0

  11. Retuning mortality risk prediction in paediatric cardiac surgery: the additional role of early postoperative metabolic and respiratory profile.

    PubMed

    Ranucci, Marco; Pistuddi, Valeria; Pisani, Giulia Pinuccia; Carlucci, Concetta; Isgrò, Giuseppe; Frigiola, Alessandro; Pomè, Giuseppe; Giamberti, Alessandro

    2016-10-01

    The existing risk stratification scores for paediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery include the Aristotle Basic Complexity (ABC) Score, the Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery-1 (RACHS-1) Score and the Aristotle Comprehensive Complexity (ACC) Score. They are all based on the nature of the surgical operation (ABC and RACHS-1 Scores) with possible adjustment for a number of patient conditions (ACC Score). The present study investigates if the early postoperative parameters may be used to improve the preoperative mortality risk prediction. A retrospective study on 1392 consecutive patients aged ≤12 years old, undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and without a residual right-to-left shunt was conducted. The ABC Score and metabolic and respiratory postoperative parameters at arrival in the intensive care unit were tested for association and discriminative power for operative mortality. The ABC yielded a c-statistic of 0.746. Additional independent predictors of operative mortality were postoperative hypoxia [Formula: see text] and arterial blood lactates. In a multivariable model including the ABC Score, postoperative hypoxia and arterial blood lactates remained independently associated with operative mortality. A modified ABC Score was created, consisting of the ABC Score plus 1.5 points in case of postoperative hypoxia plus 1 point per each 1 mmol/l of arterial blood lactates. The new model was significantly (P = 0.043) more discriminative than the ABC Score, with a c-statistic of 0.803. Early postoperative respiratory and metabolic parameters increased the accuracy and discrimination of the ABC Score. An external validation is needed to confirm our results. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  12. The effect of patient-selected music on early postoperative pain, anxiety, and hemodynamic profile in cesarean section surgery.

    PubMed

    Ebneshahidi, Amin; Mohseni, Masood

    2008-09-01

    After cesarean section surgery, routine pharmacologic methods of analgesia--opioids and benzodiazepines--may impair the immediate close contact of mother and neonate for their sedative and emetic effects. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of patient-selected music on postoperative pain, anxiety, opioid requirement, and hemodynamic profile. A total of 80 patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-II, scheduled to undergo general anesthesia and elective cesarean section surgery were enrolled. Patients were randomly allocated to receive 30 minutes of music or silence via headphones postoperatively. Pain and anxiety were measured with a visual analogue scale. Total postoperative morphine requirement as well as blood pressure and heart rate were recorded after the intervention period. Pain score and postoperative cumulative opioid consumption were significantly lower among patients in the music group (p < 0.05), while there were no group differences in terms of anxiety score, blood pressure, or heart rate (p > 0.05). Postoperative use of patient-selected music in cesarean section surgery would alleviate the pain and reduce the need for other analgesics, thus improving the recovery and early contact of mothers with their children.

  13. Postoperative Nutritional Effects of Early Enteral Feeding Compared with Total Parental Nutrition in Pancreaticoduodectomy Patients: A Prosepective, Randomized Study

    PubMed Central

    Park, Joon Seong; Chung, Hye-Kyung; Hwang, Ho Kyoung; Kim, Jae Keun

    2012-01-01

    The benefits of early enteral feeding (EEN) have been demonstrated in gastrointestinal surgery. But, the impact of EEN has not been elucidated yet. We assessed the postoperative nutritional status of patients who had undergone pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) according to the postoperative nutritional method and compared the clinical outcomes of two methods. A prospective randomized trial was undertaken following PD. Patients were randomly divided into two groups; the EEN group received the postoperative enteral feed and the control group received the postoperative total parenteral nutrition (TPN) management. Thirty-eight patients were included in our analyses. The first day of bowel movement and time to take a normal soft diet was significantly shorter in EEN group than in TPN group. Prealbumin and transferrin were significantly reduced on post-operative day (POD) 7 and were slowly recovered until POD 90 in the TPN group than in the EEN group. EEN group rapidly recovered weight after POD 21 whereas it was gradually decreased in TPN group until POD 90. EEN after PD is associated with preservation of weight compared with TPN and impact on recovery of digestive function after PD. PMID:22379336

  14. Postoperative nutritional effects of early enteral feeding compared with total parental nutrition in pancreaticoduodectomy patients: a prosepective, randomized study.

    PubMed

    Park, Joon Seong; Chung, Hye-Kyung; Hwang, Ho Kyoung; Kim, Jae Keun; Yoon, Dong Sup

    2012-03-01

    The benefits of early enteral feeding (EEN) have been demonstrated in gastrointestinal surgery. But, the impact of EEN has not been elucidated yet. We assessed the postoperative nutritional status of patients who had undergone pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) according to the postoperative nutritional method and compared the clinical outcomes of two methods. A prospective randomized trial was undertaken following PD. Patients were randomly divided into two groups; the EEN group received the postoperative enteral feed and the control group received the postoperative total parenteral nutrition (TPN) management. Thirty-eight patients were included in our analyses. The first day of bowel movement and time to take a normal soft diet was significantly shorter in EEN group than in TPN group. Prealbumin and transferrin were significantly reduced on post-operative day (POD) 7 and were slowly recovered until POD 90 in the TPN group than in the EEN group. EEN group rapidly recovered weight after POD 21 whereas it was gradually decreased in TPN group until POD 90. EEN after PD is associated with preservation of weight compared with TPN and impact on recovery of digestive function after PD.

  15. Short-term effects of orthognathic surgery on somatosensory function and recovery pattern in the early postoperative period.

    PubMed

    Dezawa, Ko; Noma, Noboru; Watanabe, Kosuke; Sato, Yuka; Kohashi, Ryutaro; Tonogi, Morio; Heir, Gary; Eliav, Eli; Imamura, Yoshiki

    2016-01-01

    We examined the short-term surgical effects of orthognathic surgery on somatosensory function. Observations were made over a short period: 3 months postoperatively. In total, 14 patients and 32 healthy controls participated. Among the 14 patients, one underwent bilateral sagittal split osteotomy alone and 13 underwent bilateral sagittal split osteotomy in combination with a Le Fort I osteotomy. A modified quantitative sensory testing (QST) protocol (the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain, DFNS) was used to evaluate clinically the skin of the chin for sensory disturbances before surgery and at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively. A visual analog scale and the Japanese Version of the McGill Pain Questionnaire were completed by all participants. Both sides of the mandible showed postoperative functional loss in cold detection threshold, warmth detection threshold, thermal sensory limen, and mechanical detection threshold. All function gradually recovered to baseline conditions at 3 months postoperatively. Cold detection threshold, warmth detection threshold, thermal sensory limen, and mechanical detection threshold appeared to be useful QST parameters for evaluating neurosensory disturbances during the early postoperative period. (J Oral Sci 58, 177-184, 2016).

  16. The efficacy of subcutaneous local analgesic infusion in the early postoperative period after bilateral total knee arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Eroğlu, Mehmet; Er, Mehmet Serhan; Altınel, Levent; Kokulu, Serdar; Yücehan, Mehmet

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the analgesic and functional efficacy of subcutaneous local analgesic infusion (ScLAI) in the early postoperative period (especially on the second postoperative day) in patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty with an intraoperative periarticular injection (PAI) of local analgesic cocktail. Fifteen patients (1 male, 14 females; mean age 62 years; range 52 to 76 years) who underwent simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (30 knees) and who received the same pre- and intraoperative analgesic protocols were included in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. By using a flexible catheter, bupivacaine was administered for ScLAI to either knee (ScLAI group) and placebo infusion was applied to the other one (control group). Postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores and knee functions were compared between bupivacain and placebo infused knees. In the ScLAI group, VAS pain scores were lower than the control group during knee flexion and straight leg raise activities (SLR) on the second postoperative day. ScLAI also prevented the rebound pain following intraoperative PAI of local analgesic cocktail and prolonged the analgesic efficacy period of the cocktail during both knee flexion and SLR. Subcutaneous infusion of bupivacaine in patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty may prevent emergence of the rebound pain arising after application of intraoperative PAI of local analgesic cocktail and prolong the analgesic efficacy of the cocktail during both knee flexion and SLR activities on the second postoperative day.

  17. Prospective randomized study of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using an early versus delayed postoperative physical therapy protocol.

    PubMed

    Cuff, Derek J; Pupello, Derek R

    2012-11-01

    This study evaluated patient outcomes and rotator cuff healing after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using a postoperative physical therapy protocol with early passive motion compared with a delayed protocol that limited early passive motion. The study enrolled 68 patients (average age, 63.2 years) who met inclusion criteria. All patients had a full-thickness crescent-shaped tear of the supraspinatus that was repaired using a transosseous equivalent suture-bridge technique along with subacromial decompression. In the early group, 33 patients were randomized to passive elevation and rotation that began at postoperative day 2. In the delayed group, 35 patients began the same protocol at 6 weeks. Patients were monitored clinically for a minimum of 12 months, and rotator cuff healing was assessed using ultrasound imaging. Both groups had similar improvements in preoperative to postoperative American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores (early group: 43.9 to 91.9, P < .0001; delayed group: 41.0 to 92.8, P < .0001) and Simple Shoulder Test scores (early group: 5.5 to 11.1, P < .0001; delayed group: 5.1 to 11.1, P < .0001). There were no significant differences in patient satisfaction, rotator cuff healing, or range of motion between the early and delayed groups. Patients in the early group and delayed group both demonstrated very similar outcomes and range of motion at 1 year. There was a slightly higher rotator cuff healing rate in the delayed passive range of motion group compared with the early passive range of motion group (91% vs 85%). Copyright © 2012 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Influence of pre- or intraoperational use of tramadol (preemptive or preventive analgesia) on tramadol requirement in the early postoperative period.

    PubMed

    Wordliczek, Jerzy; Banach, Marcin; Garlicki, Jarosław; Jakowicka-Wordliczek, Joanna; Dobrogowski, Jan

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the influence of iv tramadol on opioid requirement in the early postoperative period. The subjects were 90 patients scheduled for colon surgery (hemicolectomy) who received general anesthesia using the (N2O/O2) isoflurane technique. Thirty patients (group I) were administered 100 mg of tramadol iv before induction of general anesthesia (preemptive analgesia). Group II (30 patients) was administered 100 mg of tramadol iv immediately after peritoneal closure (preventive analgesia) and control group (30 patients) received 100 mg of tramadol iv immediately after operation. Following the operation, all patients were administered tramadol in the PCA-iv mode in order to treat postoperative pain. In the postoperative period, the following parameters were measured: pain intensity (using VAS), total consumption of tramadol, time until the first PCA activation, and frequency of side effects (drowsiness, nausea, vomiting). In patients of groups I and II who had received preemptive or preventive analgesia, a significantly lower total consumption of tramadol, as compared with control group, was observed in the early postoperative period. However, the time until the first PCA activation was significantly shorter in group I as compared to the other two groups. No significant differences between the groups were found regarding pain intensity and frequency of side effects.

  19. Cortical bone water changes in ovariectomized rats during the early postoperative period: Objective evaluation using sweep imaging with Fourier transform.

    PubMed

    Sukenari, Tsuyoshi; Horii, Motoyuki; Ikoma, Kazuya; Kido, Masamitsu; Hayashi, Shigeki; Hara, Yusuke; Yamasaki, Tetsuro; Matsuda, Ken-Ichi; Kawata, Mitsuhiro; Kubo, Toshikazu

    2015-07-01

    To evaluate the cortical bone signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in ovariectomized (OVX) rats during the early postoperative period as a method to measure bone quality using the sweep imaging with Fourier transform (SWIFT) technique. Twelve-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 64) were divided into sham and OVX groups. Preoperative tetracycline was immediately administered subcutaneously to distinguish new cortical bone area, and tibial samples were collected at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks postoperatively. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed using proton density-weighted imaging (PDWI) and SWIFT to obtain cross-sectional images of the tibial diaphysis. The cortical bone SNR was calculated. Bone histomorphometry was performed. Histomorphometry findings showed that the new bone area was significantly greater at 8 and 12 weeks postoperatively in the OVX group (P < 0.05) while the porosity area decreased gradually in both groups (P < 0.001). The difference of SNR receiving PDWI did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.057). The SWIFT technique showed that the SNR was significantly higher at 8 and 12 weeks postoperatively in the OVX group (P < 0.05) and was correlated with the new bone area (R(2) = 0.430). The SWIFT findings suggest that the SWIFT technique may depict early changes in cortical bone quality. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Very Early Colorectal Anastomotic Leakage within 5 Post-operative Days: a More Severe Subtype Needs Relaparatomy

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yi-Wei; Lian, Peng; Huang, Ben; Zheng, Hong-Tu; Wang, Ming-He; Gu, Wei-Lie; Li, Xin-Xiang; Xu, Ye; Cai, San-Jun

    2017-01-01

    Early anastomotic leakage (AL), usually defined as leakage within 30 post-operative days, represents a severe entity. However, mounting evidence has indicated that majorities of leakage occur within one week after surgery, making late AL rarity. Here we analyzed 101 consecutive colorectal AL, all of which occurred within 30 post-operative days, during Jan 2013 and Dec 2015 in cancer hospital of Fudan University. AL occurring within 5 post-operative days was defined as very early AL (vE-AL). We evaluated risk factors of vE-AL compared with non-vEAL and correlated with post-leakage peritonitis and need of relaparatomy. We found that AL occurred at median time of 7 days after surgery. 23 cases were vE-AL. Reconstruction of post-peritoneum for mid-low rectal carcinoma significantly reduced incidence of vE-AL compared with non-vE-AL (p = 0.042). Patients with vE-AL was associated with presence of peritonitis (p = 0.031), the latter significantly correlated with increased re-operation rate (p = 6.8E-13). Besides, patients with vE-AL trended to correlate with increased re-operation rate after leakage (p = 0.088). In concludsion, vE-AL occurring within 5 post-operative days represents a severe subtype associated with general peritonitis and need of relaparatomy. PMID:28084305

  1. Laser-assisted delivery of vitamin C, vitamin E, and ferulic acid formula serum decreases fractional laser postoperative recovery by increased beta fibroblast growth factor expression.

    PubMed

    Waibel, Jill S; Mi, Qing-Sheng; Ozog, David; Qu, Le; Zhou, Li; Rudnick, Ashley; Al-Niaimi, Firas; Woodward, Julie; Campos, Valerie; Mordon, Serge

    2016-03-01

    Laser-assisted drug delivery is an emerging technology to achieve greater penetration by existing topical medications to reach desired targets in the tissue. The objective of this research was to study whether laser-assisted delivery of Vitamin C, E, and Ferulic immediately postoperatively of fractional ablative laser could improve wound healing. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the potential molecular markers involved in this wound-healing process. A double blinded, prospective, single center, randomized split face trial of Vitamin C, E, and Ferulic topical formula #740019 to decrease postoperative recovery time in fractional ablative laser resurfacing for photo damage. Fifteen healthy men and women of ages 30-55 years were treated with the Vitamin C, E, and Ferulic acid serum to one side of face and vehicle to the other side of face, within 2 minutes immediately after fractional ablative CO2 laser surgery and daily during the healing process. Patients were evaluated daily on days 1-7 using photographs, patient questionnaires, and molecular evaluation. Clinically, postoperative Vitamin C, E, and Ferulic delivery resulted in decreased edema versus vehicle on postoperative day 7 and decreased erythema versus vehicle on postoperative days 3 and 5. Molecularly, the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was significantly increased at day 5 on the lesion treated with Vitamin C, E, and Ferulic acid serum compared to vehicle control on the other side. This is first study to show that Vitamin C, E, and Ferulic acid correlate with more rapid wound healing post-fractional ablative laser. Elevated bFGF could be involved in the Vitamin C, E, and Ferulic acid-induced rapid wound healing. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Direct evidence of central nervous system axonal damage in patients with postoperative delirium: A preliminary study of pNF-H as a promising serum biomarker.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Reo; Sumitani, Masahiko; Ogata, Toru; Chikuda, Hirotaka; Matsubara, Takehiro; Kato, So; Shimojo, Nobutake; Uchida, Kanji; Yamada, Yoshitsugu

    2017-07-13

    Approximately 50-80% patients experience postoperative delirium, an acute cognitive dysfunction associated with prolonged hospitalization, increased mortality, excess healthcare costs, and persistent cognitive impairment. Elucidation of the mechanism of delirium and associated diagnostic and therapeutic measures are urgently required. Here we investigated the role of phosphorylated neurofilament heavy subunit (pNF-H), a major structural protein in axons, as a predictive maker of postoperative delirium. Twenty-three patients who underwent surgery for abdominal cancer were screened for postoperative delirium, and they were assessed for its severity using the memorial delirium assessment scale (MDAS) at and 48h after delirium onset. Serum pNF-H levels were also measured at both time points. The patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of pNF-H. Clinical variables were compared between groups using the Mann-Whitney U test, and the relationship between pNF-H levels and delirium severity was analyzed using the exponential curve fitting. Fifteen of the 23 (65.2%) patients tested positive for pNF-H, and these patients exhibited significantly higher MDAS scores compared with the pNF-H-negative patients only at the onset of delirium. Although the MDAS score significantly improved over time in the positive group, pNF-H positivity persisted. There was a correlation between the maximum pNF-H level and maximum MDAS score (R(2)=0.31, p=0.013). More severe postoperative delirium was directly related to higher serum pNF-H levels, suggesting the potential application of pNF-H as a quantitative biomarker of neural damage in postoperative delirium. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Early warning score: An indicator of adverse outcomes in postoperative patients on a gynecologic oncology service.

    PubMed

    Smith, Haller J; Pasko, Daniel N; Haygood, Christen L Walters; Boone, Jonathan D; Harper, Lorie M; Straughn, J Michael

    2016-10-01

    In 2014, our hospital implemented an early warning score (EWS) to identify inpatients at risk for clinical deterioration. EWS≥8 is associated with ≥10% mortality in medical admissions. Since postoperative hemodynamic changes may alter EWS, we evaluated EWS in post-laparotomy patients. Gynecologic oncology patients admitted for laparotomy from 9/1/2014 to 7/31/2015 were categorized by highest EWS during admission: <5, 5-7, and ≥8. The primary outcome was a composite including death, ICU transfer, rapid response team activation, pulmonary embolus, sepsis, and reoperation. For patients with the composite, highest EWS prior to that outcome was evaluated. Secondary outcomes were length of stay (LOS), readmission, and transfusion. Groups were compared using chi-square test for trend, analysis of variance, and Kruskal-Wallis tests. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve estimated the association between EWS and the composite outcome. 411 patients were included: 217 (52.8%) with EWS<5, 151 (36.7%) with EWS 5-7, and 43 (10.5%) with EWS≥8. The composite occurred in 32.6% of patients with EWS≥8, 7.3% with EWS 5-7, and 0% with EWS<5 (p<0.01). EWS≥8 was associated with longer LOS, higher readmission rate, and more transfusions. For the composite, the area under the ROC curve was 0.89 (95% CI 0.84-0.94). EWS≥5 had 100% sensitivity and 56.2% specificity for the primary outcome; EWS≥8 had 56.0% sensitivity and 92.5% specificity for the primary outcome. EWS≥5 after laparotomy is associated with adverse outcomes. Future studies should evaluate the ability of EWS to predict and prevent these outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. [The relationship between the effectiveness and specific features of the early postoperative rehabilitation of the patients presenting with cholelithiasis].

    PubMed

    Poddubnaya, O A; Marsheva, S I

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the early postoperative rehabilitation of the patients presenting with cholelithiasis is to prevent the further progression of the disease and reduce the risk of development of post-cholecystectomy disorders. The combined treatment including the use of low-mineralized mineral waters, magnetic, laser, and EHF-therapy makes it possible to significantly improve the parameters of interest due to the marked improve mentor normalization of the clinical and laboratory characteristics, the increase of adaptive capabilities, and the correction of the psycho-emotional and vegetative status of the patients. Taken together, the peculiarities of the combined rehabilitative treatment of the patients with cholelithiasis during the early postoperative period account for its high clinical effectiveness amounting to 94.7%. The results of the study give reason to recommend the application of the proposed technology for the rehabilitative treatment of the patients presenting with cholelithiasis.

  5. [Early postoperative results of surgical treatment of patients with anterior clinoidal meningiomas].

    PubMed

    Chernov, S V; Rzaev, D A; Kalinovsky, A V; Dmitriev, A B; Kasymov, A R; Zotov, A V; Gormolysova, E V; Uzhakova, E K

    2017-01-01

    Resection of anterior clinoidal meningiomas is a challenging task due to their localization, frequent involvement of the major cerebral arteries and cranial nerves, a high risk of postoperative neurological deficits, and low radicalness of surgery.

  6. Clinical outcomes of patients with hypercalcitoninemia after initial treatment for medullary thyroid cancer and postoperative serum calcitonin cutoffs for predicting structural recurrence.

    PubMed

    Cho, Yoon Young; Jang, Hye Won; Jang, Ju Young; Kim, Tae Hyuk; Choe, Jun-Ho; Kim, Jung-Han; Kim, Jee Soo; Kim, Sun Wook; Chung, Jae Hoon

    2016-10-01

    Persistent hypercalcitoninemia is reported in 40% to 60% of patients with medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) after initial therapy, but their clinical outcomes have not been clearly studied. We evaluated the outcomes of MTC with hypercalcitoninemia and assessed the cutoffs of postoperative serum calcitonin for predicting structural recurrence. A dynamic risk assessment system was used to categorize clinical outcomes in this retrospective study. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to calculate the calcitonin cutoffs for predicting structural recurrence. Among 120 patients operated on, 30 (25%) had persistent hypercalcitoninemia. Of that group, 18 (60%) had biochemical persistent disease and 11 (37%) developed structural identified disease, including 1 death (3%). Postoperative calcitonin <29 pg/mL predicted structural disease with 100% sensitivity, 90.5% specificity, and 100% negative predictive value. One third of the patients with MTC with hypercalcitoninemia experienced structural recurrence, and postoperative basal serum calcitonin might be a simple tumor marker to predict structural recurrence. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 38: First-1508, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Early postoperative emergency department presentation predicts poor long-term outcomes in patients surgically treated for meningioma.

    PubMed

    Nayeri, Arash; Douleh, Diana G; Brinson, Philip R; Weaver, Kyle D; Thompson, Reid C; Chambless, Lola B

    2016-03-01

    Previous authors have identified a number of factors that predict morbidity, mortality, and recurrence in patients undergoing resection of a meningioma. We sought to study a novel potential prognostic indicator: early postoperative visit to the emergency department (ED). We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 239 patients who underwent a meningioma resection at our institution between 2001 and 2013 with over 3 months of follow-up postoperatively. All postoperative entries in the medical record were reviewed to identify any ED visit with a neurologic or wound-related complaint within a 90 day postoperative period. The relationships between ED presentation, tumor grade, and extent of surgical resection with future risk of operative recurrence and mortality were analyzed using Fisher's exact test. Variables associated with increased risks of mortality or operative recurrence in a univariate analysis were then included in the multivariate logistic regression model. Patients with a postoperative ED visit were found to be significantly more likely to die during the follow-up period (23.0% versus 4.85%, p<0.0001) or develop an eventual operative recurrence (12.2% versus 3.0%, p=0.0131). Postoperative ED presentation was found to be associated with a higher risk of mortality and operative recurrence independent of pathological tumor grade (p<0.0001 and p=0.0102, respectively). Presentation to the ED is associated with significantly higher rates of future operative recurrence and mortality in patients with recent meningioma resections. This poor prognostic relationship is independent of tumor pathological grade. Increased vigilance and follow-up may be warranted in such patients. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  8. Lymphopenia at 4 Days Postoperatively Is the Most Significant Laboratory Marker for Early Detection of Surgical Site Infection Following Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Shigematsu, Hideki; Okuda, Akinori; Morimoto, Yasuhiko; Masuda, Keisuke; Nakajima, Hiroshi; Koizumi, Munehisa; Tanaka, Yasuhito

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Case control study. Purpose To identify the most significant laboratory marker for early detection of surgical site infection (SSI) using multiple logistic regression analysis. Overview of Literature SSI is a serious complication of spinal instrumentation surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the laboratory data of patients who underwent posterior lumbar instrumentation surgery for degenerative spinal disease from January 2003 to December 2014. Six laboratory markers for early SSI detection were considered: renewed elevation of the white blood cell count, higher at 7 than 4 days postoperatively; renewed elevation of the C-reactive protein (CRP) level, higher at 7 than 4 days postoperatively; CRP level of >10 mg/dL at 4 days postoperatively; neutrophil percentage of >75% at 4 days postoperatively; lymphocyte percentage of <10% at 4 days postoperatively; and lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively. Results Ninety patients were enrolled; five developed deep SSI. Multivariate regression analysis showed that a lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively was the sole significant independent laboratory marker for early detection of SSI (p=0.037; odds ratio, 11.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.2–122.7). Conclusions A lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively is the most significant laboratory marker for early detection of SSI. PMID:27994779

  9. The effect of reduction of the peripheral fat content by liposuction-assisted lipectomy (SAL) on serum leptin levels in the postoperative period: a prospective study.

    PubMed

    Talisman, R; Belinson, N; Modan-Moses, D; Canti, H; Orenstein, A; Barzilai, Z; Parret, G

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between a decrease in the peripheral fat content by suction-assisted lipectomy (SAL) and serum leptin levels. Twenty-two healthy females who underwent SAL for aesthetic reasons participated in the study. The data included height, weight, dietary habits, and leptin levels before surgery and at 1 and 6 weeks postoperatively. The aspirate ranged between 1000 and 6000 ml, with an average of 2700 ml. Thirteen patients with an aspirate of over 2700 ml all experienced an immediate postoperative decrease in appetite which returned gradually by 12 to 17 days postoperatively. They lost an average of 7% of the total body weight at 6 weeks. The leptin levels 1 week postoperatively were significantly lower than the preoperative levels (p < 0.01); at 6 weeks the decrease in leptin level was not statistically significant. In conclusion, a reduction of the peripheral fat content of more than 2700 ml by SAL has an immediate effect on leptin levels that lasts at least 1 week and correlates with voluntary changes in energy intake.

  10. Left atrial volume index as a predictor for persistent left ventricular dysfunction after aortic valve surgery in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation: the role of early postoperative echocardiography.

    PubMed

    Cho, In-Jeong; Chang, Hyuk-Jae; Hong, Geu-Ru; Heo, Ran; Sung, Ji Min; Lee, Sang-Eun; Chang, Byung-Chul; Shim, Chi Young; Ha, Jong-Won; Chung, Namsik

    2015-06-01

    This study aimed to explore whether echocardiographic measurements during the early postoperative period can predict persistent left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) after aortic valve surgery in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR). We prospectively recruited 54 patients (59 ± 12 years) with isolated chronic severe AR who subsequently underwent aortic valve surgery. Standard transthoracic echocardiography was performed before the operation, during the early postoperative period (≤2 weeks), and then 1 year after the surgery. Twelve patients with preoperative LVSD demonstrated LVSD at early after the surgery. Of the 42 patients without LVSD at preoperative echocardiography, 15 patients (36%) developed early postoperative LVSD after surgical correction. All 27 patients without LVSD at early postoperative echocardiography maintained LV function at 1 year after surgery. In the other 27 patients with postoperative LVSD, 17 patients recovered from LVSD and 10 patients did not at 1 year after surgery. Multiple logistic analysis demonstrated that postoperative left atrial volume index (LAVI) was the only independent predictor for persistent LVSD at 1 year after surgery in patients with postoperative LVSD (OR 1.180, 95% CI, 1.003-1.390, P = 0.046). The optimal LAVI cutoff value (>34.9 mL/m(2) ) had a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 88% for the prediction of persistent LVSD. Prevalence of early postoperative LVSD was relatively high, even in the patients without LVSD at preoperative echocardiography. Postoperative LAVI could be useful to predict persistent LVSD after aortic valve surgery in patients with early postoperative LVSD. © 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Early prediction of postoperative liver dysfunction and clinical outcome using antithrombin III-activity

    PubMed Central

    Pereyra, David; Offensperger, Florian; Klinglmueller, Florian; Haegele, Stefanie; Oehlberger, Lukas; Gruenberger, Thomas; Brostjan, Christine; Starlinger, Patrick

    2017-01-01

    Background and aims Antithrombin III (ATIII) has been reported to be associated with liver pathologies and was shown to predict outcome in patients undergoing liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma. We now aimed to assess whether perioperative ATIII-activity could predict postoperative outcome in patients without underlying liver disease, as well as in a routine clinical setting of patients undergoing hepatic resection. Methods ATIII-activity was evaluated preoperatively and on the first (POD1) and fifth day after liver resection in a retrospective evaluation cohort of 228 colorectal cancer patients with liver metastasis (mCRC). We further aimed to prospectively validate our results in a set of 177 consecutive patients undergoing hepatic resection. Results Patients developing postoperative liver dysfunction (LD) had a more pronounced postoperative decrease in ATIII-activity (P<0.001). ATIII-activity on POD1 significantly predicted postoperative LD (P<0.001, AUC = 84.4%) and remained independent upon multivariable analysis. A cut-off value of 61.5% ATIII-activity was determined using ROC analysis. This cut-off was vital to identify high-risk patients for postoperative LD, morbidity, severe morbidity and mortality (P<0.001, respectively) with a highly accurate negative predictive value of 97%, which could be confirmed for LD (P<0.001) and mortality (P = 0.014) in our independent validation cohort. Further, mCRC patients below our cut-off suffered from a significantly decreased overall survival (OS) at 1 and 3 years after surgery (P = 0.011, P = 0.025). Conclusions The routine laboratory parameter ATIII-activity on POD1 independently predicted postoperative LD and was associated with clinical outcome. Patients with a postoperative ATIII-activity <61.5% might benefit from close monitoring and timely initiation of supportive therapy. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01700231 PMID:28406940

  12. The impact of non-hilar clamping open partial technique performed for the treatment of patients with small renal masses with lower R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry scores on renal functions during the early postoperative period

    PubMed Central

    Atılgan, Doğan; Kılıç, Şahin; Gençten, Yusuf; Uluocak, Nihat; Fırat, Fatih; Kölükçü, Engin; Parlaktaş, Bekir Süha

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Herein, the impact of off-clamp open partial nephrectomy on early postoperative period renal functions were evaluated in patients with low RENAL nephrometry scoring small renal masses. Material and methods: Twenty-three patients (12 women, and 11 men) who had undergone non-hilar clamping open partial nephrectomy in our clinic between the years 2010, and 2013 were retrospectively evaluated. Mean age, body mass index (BMI), operative time, blood loss, renal nephrometry score, mean hospital stay, pre-, and postoperative serum creatinine (Cr), and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of the patients were assessed. Results: Mean age, BMI, tumor size, and preoperative renal nephrometry scores were 56.09±10.49 years (36–70 yrs), 24.81±2.44 kg/m2, 3.68±1.125 cm, and 6.41±1.77 pts, respectively. Mean operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and hospital stay were detected as 139.14±33.60 min, 274.9±77.02 mL, and 4.27±1.12 days, respectively. Preoperative mean serum Cr, and GFR levels were 0.804±0.216 mg/dL, and 93.97±25.83 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. Postoperative 1. day mean serum Cr, and GFR levels were 0.896±0.25 mg/dL, and 85.94±28.85 mL/min/1,73 m2, while corresponding 3. month-values were 0.81±0.205 mg/dL, and 93.59±21.00 mL/dk/1.73 m2, respectively. A statistically significant difference was not found between preoperative, and postoperative 3. month- serum Cr, and GFR levels. However, postoperative 3. month-serum Cr, and GFR levels were lower than corresponding values estimated on postoperative 1. day (p<0.016). Conclusion: One of the important considerations in partial nephrectomy is to preserve renal functions. Therefore, non-hilar clamping open partial nephrectomy should be taken into consideration for surgeons unexperienced especially in laparoscopic surgery with its lower morbidity, and complication rates. PMID:26328158

  13. Is Brachial Artery Blood Flow Measured by Sonography During Early Postoperative Periods Predictive of Arteriovenous Fistula Failure in Hemodialysis Patients?

    PubMed

    Zhu, Yu-Li; Ding, Hong; Fan, Pei-Li; Gu, Qi-Lan; Teng, Jie; Wang, Wen-Ping

    2016-09-01

    The aim of our study was to determine a brachial artery blood flow level measured by sonography during early postoperative periods that is predictive of arteriovenous fistula failure in hemodialysis patients. Doppler sonography was used to estimate the blood flow in the brachial artery of 103 patients at 1 and 14 days after arteriovenous fistula creation. The performance of brachial artery blood flow during early postoperative periods for predicting fistula failure was evaluated, and optimal cutoff values were determined. During a 6-month follow-up, 85 fistulas were classified as mature, and 18 were classified as failures. The reproducibility of blood flow measurements in the brachial artery was good (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.912). The blood flow in the failure group was significantly lower than that in the mature group at both 1 and 14 days after fistula creation (P < .05). During the first 2 postoperative weeks, the blood flow increased by 40.7% in the failure group versus 78.3% in the mature group. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves of brachial artery blood flow for predicting failure were 0.77 (95% confidence interval, 0.66-0.87; optimal cutoff value, 310 mL/min)at 1 day and 0.91 (95% confidence interval, 0.83-0.99; 413 mL/min) at 14 days after fistula creation. Brachial artery blood flow measured by sonography during early postoperative periods may be predictive of forearm fistula failure. Blood flow of less than 310 mL/min at 1 day and 413 mL/min at 14 days after fistula creation may indicate a risk of failure to mature.

  14. Does Kinesiology Taping Improve the Early Postoperative Outcomes in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction? A Randomized Controlled Study.

    PubMed

    Chan, Mark Ci-En; Wee, Justin Wen-Jie; Lim, Mui-Hong

    2017-05-01

    The efficacy of kinesiology taping in arthroscopic knee surgery has not been reported. The objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of kinesiology taping in the early postoperative phase after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). We hypothesized that kinesiology taping reduces knee pain and swelling and improves knee range of movement and functional outcome. Randomized controlled study. Primary Institutional Hospital. Sixty subjects who underwent an elective ACLR with or without concurrent meniscectomy were randomized into intervention (with kinesiology taping postsurgery) and control groups. Subjects from both groups received standardized postoperative physiotherapy. Subjects from the intervention group received additional kinesiology taping on the first and second weeks postsurgery, each application lasting 5 days. Pain visual analogue score (VAS), total range of motion (ROM) of the knee, Lysholm-Tegner scale, and mid patella circumferential girth were measured before the surgery and at the first, second, and sixth week postsurgery. Within each group, statistically significant differences were found in all study parameters in both groups. Comparison of the study parameters between both groups revealed no statistical significance at various time points except the reduction of pain in the taping group in the early postoperative phase (between the first and second week) (P < 0.05). This is the first randomized controlled study investigating the efficacy of kinesiology taping in arthroscopic knee surgery. Our study showed that kinesiology taping reduced pain in the early postoperative period after ACLR. There was no statistical significance in the reduction of swelling or improvement of knee score and total range of motion with kinesiology taping.

  15. Early Postoperative Measures Predict 1- and 2-Year Outcomes After Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty: Importance of Contralateral Limb Strength

    PubMed Central

    Snyder-Mackler, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Background Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been shown to be an effective surgical intervention for people with end-stage knee osteoarthritis. However, recovery of function is variable, and not all people have successful outcomes. Objective The aim of this study was to discern which early postoperative functional measures could predict functional ability at 1 year and 2 years after surgery. Design and Methods One hundred fifty-five people who underwent unilateral TKA participated in the prospective longitudinal study. Functional evaluations were performed at the initial outpatient physical therapy appointment and at 1 and 2 years after surgery. Evaluations consisted of measurements of height, weight, quadriceps muscle strength (force-generating capacity), and knee range of motion; the Timed “Up & Go” Test (TUG); the stair-climbing task (SCT); and the Knee Outcome Survey (KOS) questionnaire. The ability to predict 1- and 2-year outcomes on the basis of early postoperative measures was analyzed with a hierarchical regression. Differences in functional scores were evaluated with a repeated-measures analysis of variance. Results The TUG, SCT, and KOS scores at 1 and 2 years showed significant improvements over the scores at the initial evaluation (P<.001). A weaker quadriceps muscle in the limb that did not undergo surgery (“nonoperated limb”) was related to poorer 1- and 2-year outcomes even after the influence of the other early postoperative measures was accounted for in the regression. Older participants with higher body masses also had poorer outcomes at 1 and 2 years. Postoperative measures were better predictors of TUG and SCT times than of KOS scores. Conclusions Rehabilitation regimens after TKA should include exercises to improve the strength of the nonoperated limb as well as to treat the deficits imposed by the surgery. Emphasis on treating age-related impairments and reducing body mass also might improve long-term outcomes. PMID:19959653

  16. Serum uric acid is associated with apathy in early, drug-naïve Parkinson's disease.

    PubMed

    Picillo, Marina; Santangelo, Gabriella; Moccia, Marcello; Erro, Roberto; Amboni, Marianna; Prestipino, Elio; Longo, Katia; Vitale, Carmine; Spina, Emanuele; Orefice, Giuseppe; Barone, Paolo; Pellecchia, Maria Teresa

    2016-04-01

    Both low serum uric acid (UA) levels and apathy are considered biomarkers of cognitive decline and dementia in Parkinson's disease (PD). There is an urgent need to combine different biomarkers to predict disease course in PD. Data on the relationship between serum UA levels and apathy in PD are lacking. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between serum UA levels and pure apathy in early, drug-naïve PD patients. Forty-nine early, drug-naïve PD patients were enrolled and stratified into two groups using the median serum UA levels at diagnosis (Group 1 serum UA ≤ 4.8 mg/dl; Group 2 serum UA > 4.8 mg/dl). The cohort was followed for the first 2 years of disease. Apathy was evaluated with the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES). Patients with lower serum UA levels presented significant higher AES score compared to patients with higher serum UA levels. Regression analysis showed that baseline serum UA levels were significant determinants of AES scores at both baseline and 2-year follow up, irrespective of gender, age, attention/executive functions and dopamine replacement therapy when applicable. This is the first study showing a link between serum UA levels and apathy in non-demented, non-depressed, early, drug-naïve PD, being lower serum UA levels associated with greater apathy. Further follow up of our patients and replication of this observation in independent cohorts are needed to establish if this combination of biomarkers may help in characterizing a subgroup of PD patients at diagnosis.

  17. Affinity-Based Serum Proteomics for Ovarian Cancer Early Diagnosis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    Unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Our research project is intended to exploit unique characteristics of phage and yeast recombinant...INTRODUCTION: Our research project is intended to exploit unique characteristics of phage and yeast recombinant antibodies as the basis for a serum...thousands of candidate ovarian cancer biomarkers from phage and yeast recombinant libraries by selecting sub-libraries against reactivity to common

  18. Early Endothelial Bioactivity of Serum after Diesel Exhaust ...

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Adverse cardiovascular effects of air pollution are often associated with a spike in systemic proinflammatory biomarkers, but causative linkage between circulating factors and deleterious outcomes following exposure remains elusive. Endothelial dysfunction is a consequence of systemic inflammation and precedes multiple cardiovascular pathologies. The purpose of this study was to examine the plausibility of serum-bound factors as initiators of an air pollution-induced pathologic sequelae beginning with endothelial injury, and later, cardiac dysfunction. We hypothesized that serum taken from diesel exhaust (DE)-exposed rats that develop cardiac dysfunction would alter aortic endothelial cell function in vitro. To assess cardiac function in vivo, left ventricular pressure (LVP) assessments were conducted in rats one day after a single 4 hour whole body exposure to 150 or 500 μg/m3 DE or filtered air. Rat aortic endothelial cells (RAEC) were then exposed to diluted serum (10%) collected 1 hour after exposure from a separate cohort of similarly exposed rats for measures of VCAM-1, cell viability, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) levels, and mRNA expression of key mediators of inflammation. Exposure of rats to 150 or 500 μg/m3 DE increased heart rate (HR) after exposure relative to rats exposed to filtered air, suggesting a shift towards increased sympathetic tone. LVP and HR in DE-exposed rats (500 μg/m3 DE) failed to recover to normal levels after challenge with the

  19. Is early postoperative administration of pregabalin beneficial for patients with lung cancer?—randomized control trial

    PubMed Central

    Sakai, Tetsuya; Sato, Shuntaro; Yamasaki, Naoya; Tsuchiya, Tomoshi; Matsumoto, Keitaro; Kamohara, Ryotaro; Hatachi, Go; Doi, Ryoichiro; Nagayasu, Takeshi

    2016-01-01

    Background Post-thoracotomy pain is an obstacle for lung-cancer patients even after introduction of less invasive surgical procedures. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate if early postoperative administration of pregabalin is beneficial for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods We conducted a randomized open control trial. Patients with NSCLC were allocated randomly to epidural and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use for analgesia (control group) or pregabalin use (pregabalin group). Primary endpoint was the frequency of additional administration of a NSAID. Secondary endpoints were intensity of ongoing pain, frequency of neuropathic pain, and pain catastrophizing. Results Seventy-two patients were registered and allocated. Thirty-four cases in the control group and 33 in the pregabalin group were assessed. Age, sex, body mass index (BMI), type of surgical procedure, type of lymph-node dissection, operation time, bleeding, duration of chest-tube insertion, and postoperative hospital stay between the two groups was not significantly different. Frequency of additional NSAID use between the control group (2±4 suppositories) and pregabalin group (2±3 suppositories) was not significantly different (P=0.62). Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) for the intensity of ongoing pain, frequency of neuropathic pain, and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) between each group were not significantly different at any time until 3 months after surgery. Conclusions Early postoperative administration of pregabalin is not beneficial for patients with NSCLC. PMID:28149551

  20. Effect of preoperative statin therapy on early postoperative memory impairment after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery

    PubMed Central

    Das, Sambhunath; Nanda, Sunil K.; Bisoi, Akshya K.; Wadhawan, Ashima N.

    2016-01-01

    Context: Frequent incidence of early postoperative memory impairment (POMI) after cardiac surgery remains a concern because of associated morbidity, impaired quality of life, and increased health care cost. Aim: To assess the effect of preoperative statin therapy on POMI in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. Setting and Design: Prospective observational study in a tertiary level hospital. Methods: Sixty patients aged 45–65 years undergoing OPCAB surgery were allocated into two groups of 30 each. Group A patients were receiving statin and Group B patients were not receiving statins. All patients underwent memory function assessment preoperatively after admission to hospital and on the 6th postoperative day using postgraduate institute memory scale. Statistical Analysis: Appropriate tests were applied with SPSS 20 to compare both groups. The value P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Multiple regression analysis was performed with confounding factors to determine the effect on memory impairment. Results: Patients in Group A showed significant postoperative deterioration in 6 of the 10 functions and in Group B showed deterioration in 9 of 10 functions tested compared to preoperative scores. Intergroup comparison detected less POMI in Group A compared to Group B and was statistically significant in 8 memory functions. Multiple regression analysis detected statin as an independent factor in preventing memory impairment. Conclusions: Preoperative statin therapy attenuates the early POMI in patients undergoing OPCAB. Future long-term studies will define the efficacy of statin on POMI. PMID:26750672

  1. Correlates of early pregnancy serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor in a Peruvian population.

    PubMed

    Yang, Na; Levey, Elizabeth; Gelaye, Bizu; Zhong, Qiu-Yue; Rondon, Marta B; Sanchez, Sixto E; Williams, Michelle A

    2017-07-27

    Knowledge about factors that influence serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentrations during early pregnancy is lacking. The aim of the study is to examine the correlates of early pregnancy serum BDNF concentrations. A total of 982 women attending prenatal care clinics in Lima, Peru, were recruited in early pregnancy. Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate the relation between BDNF concentrations and continuous covariates. Analysis of variance and generalized linear models were used to compare the unadjusted and adjusted BDNF concentrations according to categorical variables. Multivariable linear regression models were applied to determine the factors that influence early pregnancy serum BDNF concentrations. In bivariate analysis, early pregnancy serum BDNF concentrations were positively associated with maternal age (r = 0.16, P < 0.001) and early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.17, P < 0.001), but inversely correlated with gestational age at sample collection (r = -0.21, P < 0.001) and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations (r = -0.07, P < 0.05). In the multivariable linear regression model, maternal age (β = 0.11, P = 0.001), early pregnancy BMI (β = 1.58, P < 0.001), gestational age at blood collection (β = -0.33, P < 0.001), and serum CRP concentrations (β = -0.57, P = 0.002) were significantly associated with early pregnancy serum BDNF concentrations. Participants with moderate antepartum depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) score ≥ 10) had lower serum BDNF concentrations compared with participants with no/mild antepartum depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 score < 10). Maternal age, early pregnancy BMI, gestational age, and the presence of moderate antepartum depressive symptoms were statistically significantly associated with early pregnancy serum BDNF concentrations in low-income Peruvian women. Biological changes of CRP during pregnancy may affect serum

  2. Prediction of early postoperative cerebral hemorrhage in infective endocarditis patients using magnetic resonance imaging.

    PubMed

    Ohira, Suguru; Doi, Kiyoshi; Kawajiri, Hidetake; Dohi, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Tsunehisa; Watanabe, Taiji; Okawa, Kazunari; Yaku, Hitoshi

    2014-10-01

    To evaluate the relationship between preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and the occurrence of postoperative intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in infective endocarditis (IE) patients. Between 2002 and 2012, 30 IE patients required surgical intervention. Four patients developed and 26 patients did not develop postoperative ICH. All patients underwent preoperative brain MRI. The presence of acute brain infarction was detected by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and cerebral microbleeds were detected by T2*-weighted imaging. Two ICH(+) patients died of stroke. Preoperative patient characteristics and operative results were not significantly different. Regarding MRI findings, the presence of cerebral microbleeds or acute brain infarction alone was not significantly different between the two groups (100 vs. 29.6 %, p = 0.07; 75.0 vs. 38.5 %, p = 0.37, respectively). The concurrent presence of cerebral microbleeds and acute brain infarction was significantly correlated with the development of major ICH (75 vs. 14.8 %, p = 0.04). In multiple logistic regression analyses, the concurrent presence of cerebral microbleeds and acute brain infarction on MRI was an independent predictor of major postoperative ICH (p = 0.03, odds ratio 16.5, 95 % confidence interval 1.35-201.3). The combination of T2*-weighted MRI and DWI may be useful to evaluate the risk of IE patients developing major postoperative cerebral bleeding.

  3. Parecoxib prevents early postoperative cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Yang-Zi; Yao, Rui; Zhang, Zhe; Xu, Hui; Wang, Li-Wei

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Trial design neuroinflammation and postoperative pain after surgery are increasingly reported in association with postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Parecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, is used for postoperative analgesia for its potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. This study aimed to evaluate parecoxib's effects on POCD in elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. Methods: Around 134 elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were randomly divided into parecoxib (group P) and control (group C) groups, and treated with parecoxib sodium and saline, respectively, shortly after induction of general anesthesia and 12-h postsurgery, respectively. Perioperative plasma IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and C-reactive protein (CRP) 1evels were measured. Postoperative pain was assessed following surgery. Neuropsychological tests were performed before surgery, and 1 week and 3 months postoperation. Results: POCD incidence in group P was significantly lower compared with that of group C at 1 week after surgery (16.7% vs 33.9%; P < 0.05); no significant difference was found between groups C and P at 3-month follow-up (9.7% vs 6.7%). Compared with group C values, visual analog pain scale (VAS) scores at 3, 6, and 12 hours after surgery were significantly lower in group P(P < 0.05). Plasma IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α levels were lower in group P than in group C after the operation (P < 0.05). No significant difference in the plasma CRP level was found between groups P and C. Conclusions: Parecoxib sodium decreases POCD incidence after total knee arthroplasty in elderly patients and may explain how this drug suppresses inflammation and acute postoperative pain caused by surgical trauma. PMID:27428192

  4. The effect of intravenous tranexamic acid on blood loss and early post-operative pain in total shoulder arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Pauzenberger, L; Domej, M A; Heuberer, P R; Hexel, M; Grieb, A; Laky, B; Blasl, J; Anderl, W

    2017-08-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the impact of intravenous tranexamic acid on the reduction of blood loss, transfusion rate, and early post-operative clinical outcome in total shoulder arthroplasty. A randomised, placebo-controlled trial which included 54 patients undergoing unilateral primary stemless anatomical or stemmed reverse total shoulder arthroplasty was undertaken. Patients received either 100 ml saline (placebo, n = 27), or 100 ml saline together with 1000 mg of tranexamic acid (TXA, n = 27) intravenously prior to skin incision and during wound closure. Peri-operative blood loss via an intra-articular drain was recorded and total blood loss was calculated. The post-operative transfusion rate was documented. Assessment of early clinical parameters included the visual analogue scale for pain (VAS), documentation of haematoma formation and adverse events. Mean peri-operative blood drainage (placebo: 170 ml versus TXA: 50 ml, p = 0.001) and calculated mean total blood loss (placebo: 1248.2 ml versus TXA: 871.0 ml, p = 0.009) were significantly lower in the TXA group. No transfusions were necessary during the study period in either group. Mean VAS for pain significantly decreased from pre-operative (VAS 7) to the early post-operative period (VAS 1.7, p < 0.001). Significant differences regarding mean post-operative pain between placebo (VAS 2.0) and TXA (VAS 1.3) were detected (p = 0.05). The occurrence of haematomas was significantly more frequent in the placebo (59.3%, n = 16) than in the TXA group (25.9%, n = 6, p = 0.027). Whereas only mild haematomas developed in the TXA group, in the placebo group a total of 22.2% (n = 6) developed either moderate or severe haematomas. No adverse events associated with administration of TXA occurred. Intravenous administration of TXA successfully reduced mean peri-operative blood drainage, total estimated blood loss, pain during the first post-operative days, and haematoma formation in total shoulder

  5. [Combined cataract-glaucoma surgery with deep sclerectomy. An alternative to gonio-trephination in the intra- and early postoperative phases].

    PubMed

    Mohr, A; Rais, M; Eckardt, C

    2001-03-01

    We examined the value of deep sclerectomy combined with phacoemulsification as a surgical technique in the peri- and postoperative phases. Deep sclerectomy with phacoemulsification was carried out in 18 patients. Mean postoperative follow-up was 7.5 weeks. Deep sclerectomy was more difficult to perform than goniotrephination. We observed neither fibrin reaction nor hypotonic dysregulation (intraocular pressure, IOP, < 8 mmHg). Five patients required additional pressure-lowering drugs during postoperative IOP regulation. We consider the low inflammatory response in the early postoperative phase to outweigh the greater surgical difficulty and prolonged surgery time. Further studies must verify whether higher IOP during the early postoperative phase is sufficient for good long-term IOP regulation.

  6. Decreased serum vitamin D levels in early spontaneous pregnancy loss

    PubMed Central

    Hou, W; Yan, X-t; Bai, C-m; Zhang, X-w; Hui, L-y; Yu, X-w

    2016-01-01

    Background/Objectives: Effects of vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy have been associated with some adverse pregnancy outcomes. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between vitamin D deficiency in childbearing aged women and pregnancy loss (PL) in the first trimester. Subjects/Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Plasma was collected from 60 nulliparous women with singleton at 7–9 weeks of gestation (30 with viable gestation and 30 with PL) and 60 non-gravid childbearing aged women (30 with a successful pregnancy history, and 30 with one or more spontaneous first-trimester PL history). Quantitation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1 alpha hydroxylase (CYP27B1) was assayed. Results: By pregnancy/non-gravid, normal pregnant women had higher 25(OH)D (49.32 μg/l) and CYP27B1 (82.00 pg/ml) than PL women (34.49 μg/l and 37.87 pg/ml, both P<0.01); the non-gravid women with a successful pregnancy history also had higher 25(OH)D (39.56 μg/l) and CYP27B1 (39.04 pg/ml) than women with PL history (12.30 μg/l and 12.35 pg/ml, both P<0.01). The 96.7% of non-gravid women with PL history and 43.3% of PL women had serum 25(OH)D concentrations below 30 μg/l. There was a strong association between low vitamin D levels and PL (odds ratio 1.71; 95% confidence interval: 1.2–2.4, P<0.001). The regression analyses showed that PL was significantly inversely correlated with 25(OH)D (P<0.01) and CYP27B1 levels (P<0.01). Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency associated with PL in the first trimester of pregnancy. Decreased serum vitamin D levels among childbearing aged women with the failed clinical pregnancies history may predispose to increased risk for PL. PMID:27222154

  7. Postoperative surveillance recommendations for early stage colon cancer based on results from the clinical outcomes of surgical therapy trial.

    PubMed

    Tsikitis, Vassiliki L; Malireddy, Kishore; Green, Erin A; Christensen, Brent; Whelan, Richard; Hyder, Jace; Marcello, Peter; Larach, Sergio; Lauter, David; Sargent, Daniel J; Nelson, Heidi

    2009-08-01

    Intensive postoperative surveillance is associated with improved survival and recommended for patients with late stage (stage IIB and III) colon cancer. We hypothesized that stage I and IIA colon cancer patients would experience similar benefits. Secondary analysis of data from the Clinical Outcomes of Surgical Therapy trial was performed by analyzing results according to TNM stage; early (stage I and IIA, 537 patients) and late (stage IIB and III, 254 patients) stage disease. Five-year recurrence rates were higher in patients with late (35.7%) versus early stage disease (9.5%). Early and late stage salvage rates, recurrence patterns and methods of first detection were compared by chi(2) test. Salvage rates for early- and late-stage disease patients with recurrence were the same (35.9% v 37%; P = .9, respectively). Median survival after second surgery after recurrence was 51.2 and 35.8 months for early- and late-stage patients, respectively. Single sites of first recurrence did not significantly differ between early and late stage, but multiple sites of recurrence occurred less often in early-stage patients (3.6% v 28.6%, for early v late, respectively; P < .001). METHODS of first detection of recurrence were not significantly different: carcinoembryonic antigen (29.1% v 37.4%), computed tomography scan (23.6% v 26.4%), chest x-ray (7.3% v 12.1%), and colonoscopy (12.7% v 8.8%), for early versus late stage disease, respectively. Patients with early-stage colon cancer have similar sites of recurrence, and receive similar benefit from postrecurrence therapy as late-stage patients; implementation of surveillance guidelines for early-stage patients is appropriate.

  8. Serum markers in early-stage and locally advanced melanoma.

    PubMed

    Lugowska, Iwona; Kowalska, Maria; Fuksiewicz, Małgorzata; Kotowicz, Beata; Mierzejewska, Ewa; Koseła-Paterczyk, Hanna; Szamotulska, Katarzyna; Rutkowski, Piotr

    2015-11-01

    The identification of prognostic factors in cutaneous melanoma allows choosing the most effective treatment, especially in group of patients with locoregional disease. Markers related to carcinogenesis and angiogenesis in particular have effect on the course of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical utility of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1), and YKL-40 in serum of melanoma patients at pathological stages I-III. We included 148 adult patients with melanoma. The median follow-up was 40 months. Disease recurrence was observed in 43 patients; 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 71.7%; 35 patients died; and the 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 85%. Concentrations of VEGF, MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and YKL-40 were measured by ELISA kits. VEGF, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and YKL-40 were significantly higher in group of patients than in controls. Increased concentrations of TIMP-1 were related to patient survival, which in the group of lower and increased TIMP-1, disease-free survival amounted to 81 vs. 61% (p = 0.014) and overall survival -88 vs. 82% (p = 0.050), respectively. An increased concentration of YKL-40 was observed in 59% of patients with ulceration and in 26% of patients without ulceration (p = 0.012). We have found a clinically significant correlation between YKL-40 and MMP-9 (rho = 0.363; p = 0.004) as well as YKL-40 and VEGF (rho = 0.306; p = 0.018). In melanoma patients at stages I-III, the high concentrations of TIMP-1 in serum predicted adverse prognosis. YKL-40 was associated with ulceration of primary tumor, which is a very important prognostic factor.

  9. [THE CHOICE OF THE ANESTHESY OPTIMAL METHOD, USING DETERMINATION OF THE TOLL-LIKE RECEPTORS LEVEL IN THE PLASM AS A MARKER OF HYPERALGESIA IN EARLY POSTOPERATIVE PERIOD].

    PubMed

    Dmytriyev, D V

    2016-01-01

    There were examined 47 children, operated on for tumors of abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space. The opioid-induced hyperalgesia may occur in early postoperative period. The anesthesia conduction of m. transverses abdominis (TAP-block), using 0.375% bupivacaine solution and combined spinal epidural analgesia (CSEA) for postoperative anesthesia have promoted the hyperalgesia severity reduction. Hyperalgesia in early postoperative period was demonstrated by upgrading of the toll-like receptors (TLR-4) level in the blood. The TLR-4 expression increased in the blood was noted while application of a TAP-block and CSEA.

  10. Prognostic Value of Preoperative Serum Levels of Periostin (PN) in Early Breast Cancer (BCa).

    PubMed

    Nuzzo, Pier Vitale; Rubagotti, Alessandra; Argellati, Francesca; Di Meglio, Antonio; Zanardi, Elisa; Zinoli, Linda; Comite, Paola; Mussap, Michele; Boccardo, Francesco

    2015-07-28

    PN is a secreted cell adhesion protein critical for carcinogenesis. Elevated serum levels of PN have been implicated as playing an important role in different types of cancer, and a few reports suggest a potential role as a prognostic marker. We evaluated the prognostic significance of preoperative serum PN concentration in patients with BCa receiving curative surgery. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) was performed to determine the preoperative serum PN level in 182 patients. The correlations between serum PN concentration with clinical pathological features and PN expression in primary tumor samples were analyzed. The prognostic impact of serum PN levels with all-cause and BCa-specific mortality was also investigated. Appropriate statistics were used. Elevated serum PN levels were significantly associated with patient age (p = 0.005), adjuvant systemic therapy (p = 0.04) and progesterone receptor (PgR) status (p = 0.02). No correlation between PN preoperative serum levels and other clinical-pathological parameters, including either the epithelial or the stromal PN expression of primary tumor or the combination of the two, was found. Similarly, no association between serum PN levels and either all-cause or BCa-specific mortality was found. However, subgroup analysis revealed a correlation between higher PN serum levels and all-cause mortality in patients with node-negative disease (p = 0.05) and in those with a low PgR expression (p = 0.03). Higher levels of serum PN were also found to correlate with BCa-specific mortality in the subgroup of patients who did not receive any adjuvant systemic therapy (p = 0.04). Our findings suggest that PN was detectable in the serum of early BCa patients before surgery and increased base-line serum levels predicted worse long-term survival outcomes in specific subgroups of patients.

  11. Prognostic Value of Preoperative Serum Levels of Periostin (PN) in Early Breast Cancer (BCa)

    PubMed Central

    Nuzzo, Pier Vitale; Rubagotti, Alessandra; Argellati, Francesca; Di Meglio, Antonio; Zanardi, Elisa; Zinoli, Linda; Comite, Paola; Mussap, Michele; Boccardo, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    PN is a secreted cell adhesion protein critical for carcinogenesis. Elevated serum levels of PN have been implicated as playing an important role in different types of cancer, and a few reports suggest a potential role as a prognostic marker. We evaluated the prognostic significance of preoperative serum PN concentration in patients with BCa receiving curative surgery. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) was performed to determine the preoperative serum PN level in 182 patients. The correlations between serum PN concentration with clinical pathological features and PN expression in primary tumor samples were analyzed. The prognostic impact of serum PN levels with all-cause and BCa-specific mortality was also investigated. Appropriate statistics were used. Elevated serum PN levels were significantly associated with patient age (p = 0.005), adjuvant systemic therapy (p = 0.04) and progesterone receptor (PgR) status (p = 0.02). No correlation between PN preoperative serum levels and other clinical-pathological parameters, including either the epithelial or the stromal PN expression of primary tumor or the combination of the two, was found. Similarly, no association between serum PN levels and either all-cause or BCa-specific mortality was found. However, subgroup analysis revealed a correlation between higher PN serum levels and all-cause mortality in patients with node-negative disease (p = 0.05) and in those with a low PgR expression (p = 0.03). Higher levels of serum PN were also found to correlate with BCa-specific mortality in the subgroup of patients who did not receive any adjuvant systemic therapy (p = 0.04). Our findings suggest that PN was detectable in the serum of early BCa patients before surgery and increased base-line serum levels predicted worse long-term survival outcomes in specific subgroups of patients. PMID:26225965

  12. Early Post-Operative Outcomes and Blood Product Utilization in Adult Cardiac Surgery- The Post Aprotinin Era

    PubMed Central

    DeSantis, Stacia; Toole, J. Matthew; Kratz, John M.; Uber, Walter E.; Wheat, Margaret J.; Stroud, Martha R.; Ikonomidis, John S.; Spinale, Francis G.

    2011-01-01

    Background Aprotinin was a commonly utilized pharmacological agent for homeostasis in cardiac surgery but was discontinued resulting in the extensive use of lysine analogues. This study tested the hypothesis that early post-operative adverse events and blood product utilization would affected in this post-aprotinin era. Methods/Results Adult patients (n=781) undergoing coronary artery bypass (CABG), valve replacement, or both from November 1, 2005-October 31, 2008 at a single institution were included. Multiple logistic regression modeling and propensity scoring were performed on 29 pre-operative and intra-operative variables in patients receiving aprotinin (n=325) or lysine analogues (n=456). The propensity adjusted relative risk (RR;95% confidence interval;CI) for the intra-operative use of packed red blood cells (RR:0.75;CI:0.57–0.99), fresh frozen plasma (RR:0.37;0.21–0.64), and cryoprecipitate (RR:0.06;CI:0.02–0.22) were lower in the aprotinin versus lysine analogue group (all p<0.05). The risk for mortality (RR:0.53;CI:0.16–1.79) and neurological events (RR:0.87;CI:0.35–2.18) remained similar between groups, whereas a trend for reduced risk for renal dysfunction was observed in the aprotinin group. Conclusions In the post-aprotinin era with the exclusive use of lysine analogues, the relative risk of early post-operative outcomes such as mortality and renal dysfunction have not improved, but the risk for the intra-operative use of blood products has increased. Thus, improvements in early post-operative outcomes have not been realized with the discontinued use of aprotinin, but rather increased blood product utilization has occurred with the attendant costs and risks inherent with this strategy. PMID:21911820

  13. Complications of combined radical hysterectomy-postoperative radiation therapy in women with early stage cervical cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Barter, J.F.; Soong, S.J.; Shingleton, H.M.; Hatch, K.D.; Orr, J.W. Jr.

    1989-03-01

    Fifty patients with cervical cancer were treated with radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy followed by postoperative radiation therapy for high risk factors (nodal metastases, lymphvascular space invasion, close or involved margins) at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Medical Center from 1969 to 1984. Fifteen (30%) of the patients treated had serious complications, 8 (16%) requiring an operation, and 1 (2%) dying as a result of treatment-related problems. This combined modality approach is associated with significant complications.

  14. Treatment of Early Post-op Wound Infection after Internal Fixation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    Approximately 10%-40% of severe fractures fixed with internal fixation develop a deep wound infection during the healing process. Thus, the overall...stable while the bone heals . Approximately 10%-40% of severe fractures fixed with internal fixation develop a deep wound infection during the... healing process. Thus, the overall goals of this study are to (1) evaluate the effect of treatment of post-op wound infection in long bones after

  15. Treatment of Early Post-Op Wound Infection after Internal Fixation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-01

    Approved for public release; distribution unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Severe fractures are common in modern warfare with fractures ...being fixed via internal fixation of plates and screws to hold the fracture stable while the bone heals. Approximately 10%-40% of severe fractures ...effect of treatment of post-op wound infection in long bones after fracture fixation or joint fusion and either: (Group 1) operative debridement and

  16. Clinically derived early postoperative pain trajectories differ by age, sex, and type of surgery.

    PubMed

    Tighe, Patrick J; Le-Wendling, Linda T; Patel, Ameet; Zou, Baiming; Fillingim, Roger B

    2015-04-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the effects of age, sex, and type of surgery on postoperative pain trajectories derived in a clinical setting from pain assessments in the first 24 hours after surgery. This study is a retrospective cohort study using a large electronic medical records system to collect and analyze surgical case data. The sample population included adult patients undergoing nonambulatory nonobstetric surgery in a single institution over a 1-year period. Analyses of postoperative pain trajectories were performed using a linear mixed-effects model. Pain score observations (91,708) from 7293 patients were included in the statistical analysis. On average, the pain score decreased about 0.042 (95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.044 to -0.040) points on the numerical rating scale (NRS) per hour after surgery for the first 24 postoperative hours. The pain score reported by male patients was approximately 0.27 (95% CI: -0.380 to -0.168) NRS points lower than that reported by females. Pain scores significantly decreased over time in all age groups, with a slightly more rapid decrease for younger patients. Pain trajectories differed by anatomic location of surgery, ranging from -0.054 (95% CI: -0.062 to -0.046) NRS units per hour for integumentary and nervous surgery to -0.104 (95% CI: -0.110 to -0.098) NRS units per hour for digestive surgery, and a positive trajectory (0.02 [95% CI: 0.016 to 0.024] NRS units per hour) for musculoskeletal surgery. Our data support the important role of time after surgery in considering the influence of biopsychosocial and clinical factors on acute postoperative pain.

  17. Predominant effects of midazolam for conscious sedation: benefits beyond the early postoperative period.

    PubMed

    Kamata, Kotoe; Hagihira, Satoshi; Komatsu, Ryu; Ozaki, Makoto

    2010-12-01

    Conscious sedation with intravenous sedative-hypnotic drugs has the advantage of relaxing patients before invasive procedures. Preoperative anxiety has been suggested to correlate with postoperative comfortableness. In this study, we chose midazolam and droperidol as well-established intravenous sedative-hypnotic drugs. We evaluated the preoperative anxiolytic effect on postoperative memories and emotions up to the first postoperative morning. In a prospective, double blind study, 120 patients requiring epidural anesthesia were randomly assigned to one of three groups to receive saline, midazolam (0.04 mg/kg), or droperidol (0.1 mg/kg). Cardiovascular and respiratory measurements, observer's assessment of alertness/sedation scale, level of anxiety and discomfort of the patients, pain during the infiltration of local anesthetics, and incidence of adverse effects were recorded. Amnesia, anxiety, and discomfort during the epidural procedure were re-assessed between 12 and 20 h postsurgery. Patients who received sedatives were significantly more sedated (P < 0.0001), but the pain score was significantly higher in the droperidol group (P = 0.0007) at epidural catheterization. On the first postoperative morning, patients receiving midazolam had a significantly lower pain score (P < 0.0001) with less anxiety and discomfort. Patients in both the midazolam and droperidol groups showed a significant decrease in blood pressure (P < 0.0167), but no respiratory impairment. No adverse effects were experienced throughout the study period. Conscious sedation with intravenous midazolam 0.04 mg/kg significantly decreased the anxiety and discomfort scores of the patients on the day following surgery but had no effect on these immediately following the epidural catheterization procedure.

  18. The surgical technique and early postoperative complications of the Gynecare Prolift pelvic floor repair system.

    PubMed

    Lucioni, Alvaro; Rapp, David E; Gong, Edward M; Reynolds, William S; Fedunok, Paula A; Bales, Gregory T

    2008-04-01

    The Gynecare Prolift pelvic floor repair system (GPS) comprises a synthetic mesh placed via a transvaginal, transobturator approach. We present our technique focusing on the safety and feasibility of the GPS. GPS candidates are evaluated in the office with a full history, physical examination, urinalysis and when appropriate, urodynamic evaluation. Patients were offered total vaginal vault prolapse repair or isolated anterior repair dependent of site of defect. Follow-up comprised a full history, physical examination, and global assessment of subjective satisfaction (2 and 6 weeks, 6 months postoperative). Concentration was placed on intraoperative and short-term postoperative complications and assessment of prolapse recurrence. GPS prolapse repair has been used in 12 patients for anterior or total vault prolapse. Mean postoperative follow-up time is 42 weeks. There were no major perioperative complications. De novo enterocele development was seen in one patient without any other incidence of recurrence. No incidence of mesh erosion or sexual dysfunction has been observed. The GPS is a safe and reproducible system for use in transvaginal repairs of vaginal vault prolapse. Long-term studies are needed to evaluate repair durability and for potential complications.

  19. Cutting-Balloon Angioplasty in Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis as First-Line Treatment in the Early Postoperative Period

    SciTech Connect

    Ucar, Adem; Yahyayev, Aghakishi; Bakkaloglu, Huseyin; Agayev, Ayaz; Aydin, Ali Emin; Rozanes, Izzet

    2011-02-15

    Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty has been successfully used for the treatment of transplant renal artery stenosis (RAS). Cutting-balloon angioplasty (CBA) is being used as a second option in pressure-resistant stenosis. It is thought that CBA is less traumatic and therefore restenosis occurs less frequently than in conventional angioplasty. This case report describes the unusual use of a cutting balloon in transplant RAS as a first option in the early postoperative period. Long-term follow-up data are also presented.

  20. Severe dengue in the early postoperative period after kidney transplantation: two case reports from Hospital Geral de Fortaleza.

    PubMed

    Maia, Samuelson Hugo Félix; Brasil, Ivelise Regina Canito; Esmeraldo, Ronaldo De Matos; Ponte, Carlos Nelton Da; Costa, Rebeca Carvalho Souza; Lira, Roberta Alves

    2015-01-01

    Dengue is an arbovirosis that ranges from an asymptomatic presentation to a more severe disease, which is characterized by a vascular leakage syndrome where abdominal pain is a major symptom. Transplant recipients are immunosuppressed and are less likely to develop a severe form of the disease because of a reduction in immune-mediated responses that trigger plasma extravasation events. Herein, we report two cases of severe dengue in the early postoperative period of two kidney transplant recipients. Considering the severity of the cases, we emphasize the importance of dengue screening immediately before transplantation in areas endemic for the disease.

  1. Magnetic resonance myelography in early postoperative lumbar discectomy: An efficient and cost effective modality

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Pankaj R; Dave, Bharat R; Deliwala, Ujjval H; Krishnan, Ajay

    2010-01-01

    Background: Magnetic resonance myelography (MRM) after lumbar discectomy is all too often an unrewarding challenge. A constellation of findings are inevitable, and determining their significance is often difficult. MRM is a noninvasive technique that can provide anatomical information about the subarachnoid space. Until now, there is no study reported in literature showing any clinico-radiological correlation of post operative MRM. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic effectiveness of MRM for the demonstration of decompression in operated discectomy patients and its correlation with subjective and objective outcome (pain and SLR) in immediate postoperative period. Materials and Methods: Fifty three patients of single level lumbar disc herniation (LDH) justifying the inclusion criteria were operated for discectomy. All patients underwent MRM on second/third postoperative day. The pain relief and straight leg raise sign improvement was correlated with the postoperative MRM images to group the patients into: A- Subjective Pain relief, SLR improved and MRM image showing myelo regression; B- Subjective Pain relief, SLR improved and MRM image showing no myelo regression; C- No Subjective Pain relief, no SLR improved and MRM image showing myelo regression and; D- No Subjective Pain relief, no SLR improved and MRM image showing no myelo regression. Results: The result showed that Group A had 46 while Group B, C and Group D had 4, 2 and one patients respectively. Clinico-radiological correlation (Clinically diagnosed patient and findings with MRM correlation) was present in 47 patients (88.68%) which includes both A and D groups. The MRM specificity and sensitivity were 92% and 33.33% respectively. Conclusion: MRM is a non-invasive, efficient and reliable tool in confirming postoperative decompression in lumbar discectomy patients, especially when economic factors are to be considered and the required expertise to reliably read a complex

  2. Stapled haemorrhoidopexy: extent of tissue excision and clinical implications in the early postoperative period.

    PubMed

    Behboo, R; Zanella, S; Ruffolo, C; Vafai, M; Marino, F; Scarpa, M

    2011-06-01

    This study quantified prospectively the amount of rectal wall removed during stapled haemorrhoidopexy and assessed its effect on ano-rectal function and health-related quality of life. Thirty-three consecutive patients who underwent stapled haemorrhoidopexy for second- or third- degree haemorrhoids, or for failed medical treatment, in the Department of Surgery and Gastroenterological Sciences at the University of Padova were included. All patients were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively using a structured questionnaire to determine the number of defecations per week, incomplete defecations, time taken to defecate any difficulty in defecating, soiling, the use of drugs and continence. All patients were reassessed at 1 and 2 weeks and at 30 days after the procedure using the Cleveland Global Quality of Life (CGQL) questionnaire. All patients underwent preoperative and postoperative ano-rectal manometry at least 30 days after stapled haemorrhoidopexy. The median surface area of the resected rectal wall was 10.5 (range, 9-15) mm(2) and the median thickness was 3 (range, 2-4) mm. Muscle tissue was included in all specimens. The median thickness of the resected rectal wall correlated inversely with the rectal volume when the recto-anal inhibitory reflex (RAIR) was initiated during postoperative manometry (ρ = -0.50, P = 0.07). A significant, direct correlation was found between the surface area of the resected rectal wall and the rectal volume during postoperative manometry (ρ = 0.53, P = 0.08) and the use of analgesic drugs after 2 weeks (ρ = 0.63, P = 0.04). Significant correlations were found between being female and postoperative resting pressure (ρ = -0.74, P < 0.01), squeeze pressure (ρ = -0.64, P = 0.01) and maximum tolerated volume (ρ = -0.78, P < 0.01). Stapled haemorrhoidopexy is safe and effective. The thicker the resected rectal wall, the lower the volume of initiation of the RAIR. © 2011 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2011 The Association

  3. Postoperative management.

    PubMed

    Schraag, Stefan

    2016-09-01

    Most patients undergoing major aortic surgery have multiple comorbidities and are at high risk of postoperative complications that affect multiple organ systems. Different aortic pathologies and surgical repair techniques have specific impact on the postoperative course. Ischemia-reperfusion injury is the common denominator in aortic surgery and influences the integrity of end-organ function. Common postoperative problems include hemodynamic instability due to the immediate inflammatory response, renal impairment, spinal cord ischemia, respiratory failure with prolonged mechanical ventilation, and gastrointestinal symptoms such as ileus or mesenteric ischemia. Focused care bundles to establish homeostasis and a team working toward an early functional recovery determine the success of effective rehabilitation and outcomes after aortic surgery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Telemedicine with mobile devices and augmented reality for early postoperative care.

    PubMed

    Ponce, Brent A; Brabston, Eugene W; Shin Zu; Watson, Shawna L; Baker, Dustin; Winn, Dennis; Guthrie, Barton L; Shenai, Mahesh B

    2016-08-01

    Advanced features are being added to telemedicine paradigms to enhance usability and usefulness. Virtual Interactive Presence (VIP) is a technology that allows a surgeon and patient to interact in a "merged reality" space, to facilitate both verbal, visual, and manual interaction. In this clinical study, a mobile VIP iOS application was introduced into routine post-operative orthopedic and neurosurgical care. Survey responses endorse the usefulness of this tool, as it relates to The virtual interaction provides needed virtual follow-up in instances where in-person follow-up may be limited, and enhances the subjective patient experience.

  5. Serum Procalcitonin as a Valuable Diagnostic Tool in the Early Detection of Infectious Complications after Open Abdominal Aortic Repair.

    PubMed

    Varetto, Gianfranco; Castagno, Claudio; Trucco, Andrea; Frola, Edoardo; Bert, Fabrizio; Scozzari, Gitana; Rispoli, Pietro

    2016-07-01

    Aortic aneurysm repair is a resolutive and effective surgical operation, which can be associated with severe postoperative complications. Procalcitonin (PCT) in clinical practice could play a role in early diagnosis and monitoring of therapy for complications, especially infections, making for timely and more effective interventions. Our aim was to investigate whether PCT could be a predictive marker in early diagnosis of infectious complications after open abdominal aortic surgery. Eighty-three consecutive patients who underwent elective open aortic repair at our institution were enrolled. Blood samples were taken before surgery, and each day over the 7-day postoperative period, and measurement of serum PCT, C-reactive protein (CRP), and leukocytes levels were carried out. Data regarding clinical progress, instrumental examinations, and blood chemistry were prospectively collected. Postoperative infectious complications occurred in 24 patients. Within 30 days, 1 death occurred. In the study sample, we found a significant difference in PCT curves of patients with and without infectious complications, especially on third postoperative day (POD; P = 0.004). On analysis of the area under the curve (AUC curve), PCT was shown to be a fair predictor in distinguishing cases with infectious complications (AUC, 0.765 on third POD; CI, 0.638-0.877). Conversely, other inflammatory markers commonly used (leucocytes and CRP) had similar trends in patients with and without postoperative infections. On the basis of the results collected in this pilot study, despite some limitations, PCT could be considered a better marker of infectious complications after open abdominal aortic repair, when compared with other routinely used parameters. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Early versus delayed intravitreal betamethasone as an adjuvant in the treatment of presumed postoperative endophthalmitis: a randomised trial.

    PubMed

    Koehrer, Philippe; Bron, Alain M; Chiquet, Christophe; Thuret, Gilles; Delbosc, Bernard; Berrod, Jean-Paul; Bourcier, Tristan; Sauer, Arnaud; Jonval, Lysiane; D'Athis, Philippe; Creuzot-Garcher, Catherine

    2016-08-01

    To compare early versus delayed intravitreal betamethasone as an adjuvant in the treatment of presumed acute postoperative endophthalmitis after phacoemulsification. Patients with presumed postcataract surgery endophthalmitis were included in this prospective, randomised, multicentre study. On admission, patients received intravitreal vancomycin and ceftazidime, and were randomly assigned to intravitreal betamethasone injection (early-IVB) group or no immediate injection (delayed-IVB) group. After 48 h, a second intravitreal antibiotic injection associated with intravitreal betamethasone was given to all patients. In patients with severe endophthalmitis or clinical deterioration, a prompt or delayed vitrectomy was performed. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients achieving a visual acuity (VA) of 20/40 or better at 12 months. The secondary outcomes were the rate of delayed vitrectomy and the rate of complications (retinal detachment and phthisis). Ninety-seven eyes of 97 patients were included, 45 in the early-IVB group and 52 in the delayed-IVB group. Overall, 62.9% of patients achieved a VA ≥20/40 at 1 year. There was no statistically significant difference in the visual outcome between the two groups at 1 year, whatever their baseline VA or light perception or hand motion or more (p=0.55 and p=0.10, respectively). The rates of delayed vitrectomy, retinal detachment and phthisis bulbi were not significantly different between the two groups (p=0.42, p=0.37 and p=0.44, respectively). Early intravitreal betamethasone had no clear advantage versus delayed injection in the management of presumed postoperative endophthalmitis. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  7. Implementation of a novel postoperative monitoring system using automated Modified Early Warning Scores (MEWS) incorporating end-tidal capnography.

    PubMed

    Blankush, Joseph M; Freeman, Robbie; McIlvaine, Joy; Tran, Trung; Nassani, Stephen; Leitman, I Michael

    2016-10-20

    Modified Early Warning Scores (MEWS) provide real-time vital sign (VS) trending and reduce ICU admissions in post-operative patients. These early warning calculations classically incorporate oxygen saturation, heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic blood pressure, and temperature but have not previously included end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2), more recently identified as an independent predictor of critical illness. These systems may be subject to failure when physiologic data is incorrectly measured, leading to false alarms and increased workload. This study investigates whether the implementation of automated devices that utilize ongoing vital signs monitoring and MEWS calculations, inclusive of a score for end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2), can be feasibly implemented on the general care hospital floor and effectively identify derangements in a post-operative patient's condition while limiting the amount of false alarms that would serve to increase provider workload. From July to November 2014, post-operative patients meeting the inclusion criteria (BMI > 30 kg/m(2), history of obstructive sleep apnea, or the use of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) or epidural narcotics) were monitored using automated devices that record minute-by-minute VS included in classic MEWS calculations as well as EtCO2. Automated messages via pagers were sent to providers for instances when the device measured elevated MEWS, abnormal EtCO2, and oxygen desaturations below 85 %. Data, including alarm and message details from the first 133 patients, were recorded and analyzed. Overall, 3.3 alarms and pages sounded per hour of monitoring. Device-only alarms sounded 2.7 times per hour-21 % were technical alarms. The remaining device-only alarms for concerning VS sounded 2.0/h, 70 % for falsely recorded VS. Pages for abnormal EtCO2 sounded 0.4/h (82 % false recordings) while pages for low blood oxygen saturation sounded 0.1/h (55 % false alarms). 143 times (0.1 pages/h) the devices calculated a MEWS

  8. [Early postoperative intestinal motility following abdominal surgery in an animal experiment].

    PubMed

    Schippers, E; Braun, J; Erhardt, W; Schumpelick, V

    1990-01-01

    Gastrointestinal myoelectrical activity was registered in 6 dogs after different surgical procedures such as laparotomy, segmental resection of the jejunum and right hemicolectomy. Animals were studied in the fasted- and fed state and after pharmacological stimulation with Ceruletide. The electrical activity was recorded by means of 6 bipolar electrodes implanted along the intestinal wall. Abdominal surgery abolished normal motility in the stomach and small intestine only for a short period of time. The time for the reappearance of regularly recurring activity fronts varied with the type of the surgical procedure from 3 h after segmental resection of the jejunum to 49 h after colon resection. Severe disturbances of the BER (basic electrical rhythm) in the stomach as tachygastria and tachyarrhythmia persist even after restoration of the MMC (migrating motor complex) in the small intestine. Feeding induced a typical fedpattern but never before restoration of the MMC. Stimulation of the intestine during postoperative ileus with Ceruletide increases segmental myoelectrical activity. The period of postoperative ileus was not reduced.

  9. Maintenance of hardware after early postoperative infection following fracture internal fixation.

    PubMed

    Berkes, Marschall; Obremskey, William T; Scannell, Brian; Ellington, J Kent; Hymes, Robert A; Bosse, Michael

    2010-04-01

    The development of a deep wound infection in the presence of hardware after open reduction and internal fixation presents a clinical dilemma, and there is scant literature to aid in decision-making. The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence of osseous union with maintenance of hardware after the development of postoperative infection within six weeks after internal fixation of a fracture. The present study included 121 patients from three level-I trauma centers, retrospectively identified from billing and trauma registries, in whom 123 postoperative wound infections with positive intraoperative cultures had developed within six weeks after internal fixation of acute fractures. The incidence of fracture union without hardware removal was calculated, and the parameters that predicted success or failure were evaluated. Eighty-six patients (eighty-seven fractures; 71%) had fracture union with operative débridement, retention of hardware, and culture-specific antibiotic treatment and suppression. Predictors of treatment failure were open fracture (p = 0.03) and the presence of an intramedullary nail (p = 0.01). Several variables were not significant but trended toward an association with failure, including smoking, infection with Pseudomonas species, and involvement of the femur, tibia, ankle, or foot. Deep infection after internal fixation of a fracture can be treated successfully with operative débridement, antibiotic suppression, and retention of hardware until fracture union occurs. These results may be improved by patient selection based on certain risk factors and the specific bacteria and implants involved.

  10. Integrated Development of Serum Molecular Markers for Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    Molecular Makers for Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Anna Lokshin, Ph.D. CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: University of...NUMBER Integrated Development of Serum Molecular Makers for Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer 5b. GRANT NUMBER DAMD17-03-1-0696 5c. PROGRAM...Therefore, studies at this stage involve screening people and lead to diagnosis and treatment. The aims of this phase include assessment of (i) the

  11. Clinical assessment of peripheral perfusion to predict postoperative complications after major abdominal surgery early: a prospective observational study in adults

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Altered peripheral perfusion is strongly associated with poor outcome in critically ill patients. We wanted to determine whether repeated assessments of peripheral perfusion during the days following surgery could help to early identify patients that are more likely to develop postoperative complications. Methods Haemodynamic measurements and peripheral perfusion parameters were collected one day prior to surgery, directly after surgery (D0) and on the first (D1), second (D2) and third (D3) postoperative days. Peripheral perfusion assessment consisted of capillary refill time (CRT), peripheral perfusion index (PPI) and forearm-to-fingertip skin temperature gradient (Tskin-diff). Generalized linear mixed models were used to predict severe complications within ten days after surgery based on Clavien-Dindo classification. Results We prospectively followed 137 consecutive patients, from among whom 111 were included in the analysis. Severe complications were observed in 19 patients (17.0%). Postoperatively, peripheral perfusion parameters were significantly altered in patients who subsequently developed severe complications compared to those who did not, and these parameters persisted over time. CRT was altered at D0, and PPI and Tskin-diff were altered on D1 and D2, respectively. Among the different peripheral perfusion parameters, the diagnostic accuracy in predicting severe postoperative complications was highest for CRT on D2 (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.83 to 0.92)) with a sensitivity of 0.79 (95% CI = 0.54 to 0.94) and a specificity of 0.93 (95% CI = 0.86 to 0.97). Generalized mixed-model analysis demonstrated that abnormal peripheral perfusion on D2 and D3 was an independent predictor of severe postoperative complications (D2 odds ratio (OR) = 8.4, 95% CI = 2.7 to 25.9; D2 OR = 6.4, 95% CI = 2.1 to 19.6). Conclusions In a group of patients assessed following major abdominal surgery

  12. The value of serum creatine kinase in early diagnosis of heterotopic ossification.

    PubMed

    Sherman, Andrew L; Williams, Joan; Patrick, Lornette; Banovac, Kresimir

    2003-01-01

    Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a complication of spinal cord injury (SCI) characterized by formation of ectopic bone. Early diagnosis is critical, but available diagnostic methods have drawbacks. Serum creatine kinase may be a marker for the development and severity of HO. 18 SCI patients with diagnosed HO based on clinical findings and bone scintigraphy. Serum creatine kinase levels were taken at the time of diagnosis of HO and during subsequent etidronate therapy. Of the 14 patients with normal creatine kinase values, 13 had no evidence of HO on follow-up radiographic examination. Of the 4 patients with elevated creatine kinase, all developed radiographic signs of HO. Elevated serum creatine kinase may be associated with a more aggressive course of HO as well as resistance to etidronate therapy. Further studies are needed to determine whether creatine kinase may serve as a marker for early, active HO.

  13. Serum procalcitonin as an early marker of neonatal sepsis.

    PubMed

    Ballot, Daynia E; Perovic, Olga; Galpin, Jacky; Cooper, Peter A

    2004-10-01

    It has recently been suggested that procalcitonin (PCT) is of value in the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis, with varying results. This study was to evaluate the role of PCT as a single early marker of neonatal sepsis. Neonatal Unit, Johannesburg Hospital, and Microbiology Laboratory, National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), South Africa. Neonates undergoing evaluation for sepsis between April and August 2002 were eligible for inclusion. Patients were categorised into 'no infection', 'possible infection' and 'definite infection' on the basis of C-reactive protein (CRP), white cell count (WCC), platelet count and blood culture results. PCT was correlated with infection categories. One hundred and eighty-three neonates were enrolled. One hundred and eighteen had no infection, 52 possible infection and 13 definite infection. PCT differed significantly among infection categories (p < 0.0001) and correlated significantly with CRP at presentation (correlation coefficient 0.404, p < 0.001) and CRP at 24 hours (correlation coefficient 0.343, p < 0.001). PCT predicted 89.5% of definite infection. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis for PCT to predict definite infection showed odds ratio (OR) 1.145 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05-1.25) with an area under the curve of 0.778. PCT had a negative predictive value of 0.95 (95% CI: 0.915-0.988) for definite infection. Although PCT was significantly related to the category of infection, it is not sufficiently reliable to be the sole marker of neonatal sepsis. PCT would be useful as part of a full sepsis evaluation, but is relatively expensive. A negative PCT on presentation may rule out sepsis, but this needs to be evaluated further.

  14. Early postoperative enteral nutrition is useful for recovering gastrointestinal motility and maintaining the nutritional status.

    PubMed

    Kawasaki, Naruo; Suzuki, Yutaka; Nakayoshi, Tomoko; Hanyu, Nobuyoshi; Nakao, Masatoshi; Takeda, Akihiro; Furukawa, Yoshiyuki; Kashiwagi, Hideyuki

    2009-01-01

    The efficacy of enteral nutrition in postoperative nutritional management is known, but the effects on gastrointestinal motility and nutrition have not yet been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of enteral and parenteral nutrition soon after open abdominal surgery on gastrointestinal motility and nutritional status. A partial resection of rectum models was prepared to compare two types of nutrient administration: enteral nutrition and total parenteral nutrition. The differences between the effects of nutrition types in terms of gastrointestinal motility and nutritional status were investigated. Enteral nutrition contributed to recovery of gastrointestinal motility and maintenance of nutritional status. Enteral nutrition should therefore be initiated soon after surgery if the gastrointestinal tract is available.

  15. Impact on Survival of Regular Postoperative Surveillance for Patients with Early Breast Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Ji Yun; Lim, Sung Hee; Lee, Min-Young; Kim, Haesu; Kim, Moonjin; Kim, Sungmin; Jung, Hyun Ae; Sohn, Insuk; Gil, Won Ho; Lee, Jeong Eon; Kim, Seok Won; Nam, Seok Jin; Ahn, Jin Seok; Im, Young-Hyuck; Park, Yeon Hee

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of regular postoperative surveillance to improve the prognosis of patients with breast cancer after curative surgery. Materials and Methods We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 4,119 patients who received curative surgery for breast cancer at Samsung Medical Center between January 2000 and September 2008. Patients were divided into two groups (group I, regular postoperative surveillance; group II, control group) according to their post-therapy follow-up status for the first 5 years after surgery. Results Among the 3,770 patients selected for inclusion, groups I and II contained 3,300 (87%) and 470 (13%) patients, respectively. The recurrence rates at 5 years for groups I and II were 10.6% and 16.4%, respectively (hazard ratio, 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.67 to 1.09; p=0.197). The 10-year mortality cumulative rates were 8.8% for group I and 25.4% for group II (hazard ratio, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.22 to 0.35; p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis for recurrence-free survival (RFS), age over 40 years (p < 0.001), histologic grade 1 (p < 0.001), and pathologic stage I (p < 0.001) were associated with longer RFS but not with follow-up status. Multivariate analysis for overall survival (OS) revealed that patients in group I showed significantly improved OS (hazard ratio, 0.29; 95% CI, 0.23 to 0.37; p < 0.001). Additionally, age over 40 years, histologic grade I, and pathologic stage I were independent prognostic factors for OS. Conclusion Regular follow-up for patients with breast cancer after primary surgery resulted in clinically significant improvements in patient OS. PMID:25622590

  16. Early postoperative tumor progression predicts clinical outcome in glioblastoma-implication for clinical trials.

    PubMed

    Merkel, Andreas; Soeldner, Dorothea; Wendl, Christina; Urkan, Dilek; Kuramatsu, Joji B; Seliger, Corinna; Proescholdt, Martin; Eyupoglu, Ilker Y; Hau, Peter; Uhl, Martin

    2017-01-18

    Molecular markers define the diagnosis of glioblastoma in the new WHO classification of 2016, challenging neuro-oncology centers to provide timely treatment initiation. The aim of this study was to determine whether a time delay to treatment initiation was accompanied by signs of early tumor progression in an MRI before the start of radiotherapy, and, if so, whether this influences the survival of glioblastoma patients. Images from 61 patients with early post-surgery MRI and a second MRI just before the start of radiotherapy were examined retrospectively for signs of early tumor progression. Survival information was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and a Cox multivariate analysis was performed to identify independent variables for survival prediction. 59 percent of patients showed signs of early tumor progression after a mean time of 24.1 days from the early post-surgery MRI to the start of radiotherapy. Compared to the group without signs of early tumor progression, which had a mean time of 23.3 days (p = 0.685, Student's t test), progression free survival was reduced from 320 to 185 days (HR 2.3; CI 95% 1.3-4.0; p = 0.0042, log-rank test) and overall survival from 778 to 329 days (HR 2.9; CI 95% 1.6-5.1; p = 0.0005). A multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the Karnofsky performance score, O-6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation, and signs of early tumor progression are prognostic markers of overall survival. Early tumor progression at the start of radiotherapy is associated with a worse prognosis for glioblastoma patients. A standardized baseline MRI might allow for better patient stratification.

  17. Effect of Postoperative Amoxicillin on Early Bacterial Colonization of Peri-Implant Sulcus: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

    PubMed Central

    Moslemi, Neda; Shahnaz, Aysan; Bahador, Abbas; Torabi, Sepehr; Jabbari, Sanaa; Oskouei, Zahra Alizadeh

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: With side effects of antibiotics taken into consideration, the necessity of antibiotic therapy after simple implant placement procedures is still a subject of debate and the existing literature on this topic is widely controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of postoperative amoxicillin therapy on early colonization of peri-implant sulcus after implant placement. Materials and Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 20 patients requiring simple implant placement were randomly allocated to test or control groups and received postoperative amoxicillin or placebo, respectively. Microbiological samples were collected on day 0 and day 7. Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon signed rank tests were utilized to evaluate changes in colony count of identified bacterial species between the test and control groups, and between day 0 and day 7. Results: The decrease in the number of sensitive facultative species and the increase in the number of resistant anaerobes in amoxicillin group were statistically significant as compared to the placebo group (P=0.025 and P=0.005, respectively). The increase in the number of sensitive anaerobes in the placebo group as compared to amoxicillin group, and the decrease in the number of facultative Gram-positive cocci as compared to the placebo group were statistically significant (P=0.011 and P=0.035, respectively). Conclusions: Postoperative administration of amoxicillin resulted in an increase in the number of resistant anaerobes and a decrease in the number of sensitive facultative bacteria and facultative Gram-positive cocci, as compared to the placebo, but with no sign/symptom of infection in any group. PMID:28127324

  18. Pilot Study on Early Postoperative Discharge in Pituitary Adenoma Patients: Effect of Socioeconomic Factors and Benefit of Specialized Pituitary Centers.

    PubMed

    Sarkiss, Christopher A; Lee, James; Papin, Joseph A; Geer, Eliza B; Banik, Rudrani; Rucker, Janet C; Oudheusden, Barbara; Govindaraj, Satish; Shrivastava, Raj K

    2015-08-01

    Introduction Pituitary neoplasms are benign entities that require distinct diagnostic and treatment considerations. Recent advances in endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery have resulted in shorter lengths of stay (LOS). We implemented a postoperative day (POD) 1 discharge paradigm involving a multidisciplinary approach and detailed preoperative evaluation and review of both medical and socioeconomic factors. Methods The experience of a single neurosurgeon/ears, nose, throat (ENT) team was reviewed, generating a preliminary retrospective database of the first 30 patients who underwent resection of pituitary lesions under the POD 1 discharge paradigm. We assessed multiple axes from their preoperative, in-house, and postoperative care. Results There were 14 men and 16 women with an average age of 53.8 years (range: 27-76 years). There were 22 nonsecretory and 8 secretory tumors with average size of 2.80 cm (range: 1.3-5.0 cm). All 30 patients underwent preoperative ENT evaluation. Average LOS was 1.5 ± 0.7 days. A total of 18 of 30 patients were discharged on POD 1. The insurance status included 15 with public insurance such as emergency Medicaid and 15 with private insurance. Four patients had transient diabetes insipidus (DI); none had permanent DI. Overall, 28 of 30 patients received postoperative steroids. Factors that contributed to LOS > 1 day included public insurance status, two or more medical comorbidities, diabetes mellitus, transient panhypopituitarism, and DI. Conclusion The implementation of a POD 1 discharge plan for pituitary tumors is feasible and safe for elective patients. This implementation requires the establishment of a dedicated Pituitary Center model with experienced team members. The consistent limitation to early discharge was socioeconomic status. Efforts that incorporate the analysis of social disposition parameters with proper management of clinical sequelae are crucial to the maintenance of ideal LOS and optimal patient

  19. High early post-operative complication rate after elective aseptic orthopedic implant removal of upper and lower limb.

    PubMed

    Suda, Arnold J; Heilgeist, Eva; Tinelli, Marco; Bischel, Oliver E

    2017-09-01

    The necessity of orthopedic implant removal is under intense discussion and even if it is performed as an elective procedure, the risk of complications is present. Aim of the study was to identify parameters responsible for an increased risk of early post-operative complications after elective aseptic orthopedic implant removal. We reviewed 1545 cases of aseptic and elective orthopedic implant removal between 2009 and 2011. The patient's demographic data, time and duration of operation, patient's comorbidities and presence of complications in the first four weeks after implant removal were evaluated. Patients with signs of infection at the time of the surgical procedure were excluded from this study. 579 women and 966 men who underwent elective aseptic orthopedic implant removal were identified. Mean age at implant removal was 42 years and mean duration of the surgical procedure was 37 minutes. In this cohort, 70 patients (4.5%) underwent elective aseptic implant removal after 6pm. 52 patients (3.37%) operated on during daytime suffered from complications postoperatively and 5 patients (0.3%) who were operated on during the night experienced complications. The parameters age, sex, BMI and surgeon showed no statistically significant differences for the risk of postoperative complications. Patients' comorbidities such as diabetes seem to have influence but were not statistically significant either. Patients with revision surgery since their first operation, nocturnal surgery and longer duration of the procedure showed a statistically significant higher risk for complications, especially in the lower leg. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  20. Interobserver agreement on the echocardiographic parameters that estimate right ventricular systolic function in the early postoperative period of cardiac surgery.

    PubMed

    Olmos-Temois, S G; Santos-Martínez, L E; Álvarez-Álvarez, R; Gutiérrez-Delgado, L G; Baranda-Tovar, F M

    2016-11-01

    To know the variability of transthoracic echocardiographic parameters that assess right ventricular systolic function by analyzing interobserver agreement in the early postoperative period of cardiovascular surgery. To assess the feasibility of these echocardiographic measurements. A cross-sectional study, double-blind pilot study was carried out from May 2011 to February 2013. Cardiovascular postoperative critical care at the National Institute of Cardiology "Ignacio Chávez", Mexico City, Mexico. Consecutive, non-probabilistic sampling. Fifty-six patients were studied in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery. The first echocardiographic parameters were obtained between 6-8hours after cardiac surgery, followed by blinded second measurements. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), tricuspid annular peak systolic velocity on tissue Doppler imaging (VSPAT), diameters and right ventricular outflow area, tract fractional shortening. The agreement was analyzed by the Bland-Altman method, and its magnitude was assessed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (95% confidence interval). Both observers evaluated TAPSE and VSPAT in 48 patients (92%). The average TAPSE was 11.68±4.53mm (range 4-27mm). Right ventricular systolic dysfunction was observed in 41 cases (85%) and normal TAPSE in 7 patients (15%). The average difference and its limits according to TAPSE were -0.917±2.95 (-6.821, 4.988), with a magnitude of 0.725 (0.552, 0.837); the tricuspid annular peak systolic velocity on tissue Doppler imaging was -0.001±0.015 (-0.031, 0.030), and its magnitude 0.825 (0.708, 0.898), respectively. VSPAT and TAPSE were estimated by both observers in 92% of the patients, these parameters exhibiting the lowest interobserver variability. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y SEMICYUC. All rights reserved.

  1. Impact of oxidative stress on early postoperative knee function and muscle injury biochemical markers: Is it possible to create an ischemic preconditioning effect in sequential ischemic surgical procedures?

    PubMed

    Aktaş, Erdem; Atay, Çiğdem; Deveci, Mehmet Ali; Arıkan, Murat; Toğral, Güray; Yıldırım, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    Simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with prolonged tourniquet time has the potential to trigger ischemia-reperfusion injury, which can adversely affect knee function. Studies suggest that the magnitude of injury is less if it occurs following an ischemic event which takes place in another part of the body, known as ischemic preconditioning (IPC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of oxidative stress on muscle injury and knee function and to elucidate if potential IPC effect can attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury metabolites and prevent poor functional outcomes in single-stage bilateral TKA. Thirty patients who underwent single-stage bilateral TKA under tourniquet were enrolled in the study. All procedures were initiated from the right limb. Upon completion of the procedure, the left tourniquet was inflated 20 minutes after the first tourniquet was deflated. The tourniquet time was noted. Pre- and postoperative levels of malondialdehyde (MDH), creatine kinase (CK), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were evaluated. Knee function was assessed postoperatively at 1 month using WOMAC score. Postoperative levels of MDH, CK, and LDH were significantly increased in both extremities compared to preoperative levels. Serum MDH, CK, and LDH levels were not found to be correlated with tourniquet time for either extremity. Compared to the left extremity, the right extremity revealed increased postoperative oxidative stress, which was indicated by elevated serum MDH, CK, and LDH levels. Although tourniquet time and postoperative serum MDH, CK, and LDH levels were not found to be correlated with WOMAC index in either knee, the average change in WOMAC score at 1 month postoperatively was found to be higher in the left knee compared to the right. The biochemical and functional outcomes can be attributed to potential IPC effect. During bilateral TKA, a 20-minute interval between tourniquets can create IPC effect and attenuate the magnitude of

  2. Maternal obesity is associated with a low serum progesterone level in early pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Goh, Jia Ying; He, Song; Allen, John Carson; Malhotra, Rahul; Tan, Thiam Chye

    2016-09-01

    Progesterone is an important biomarker of early pregnancy failure. However, literature is limited regarding factors that influence progesterone levels in early pregnancy. Maternal obesity has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriages. We investigated the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) and serum progesterone level in first trimester singleton pregnancies for 194 women at a tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore, from January 2012 to February 2014. Maternal characteristics and study outcomes were retrieved from clinical records. Multivariate analysis demonstrated an inverse relationship between first trimester maternal BMI category and serum progesterone level (p=0.012). Obesity (maternal BMI ≥30 kg/m2), relative to normal weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2), conferred an increased risk for serum progesterone <35 nmol/L (adjusted OR: 9.14; 95% CI: 2.12 - 39.5; p=0.003). The overall miscarriage rate in our study population was 13.9%. This study indicates that maternal obesity is associated with low first trimester serum progesterone. Pre-pregnancy weight optimization may be beneficial in regulation of serum progesterone level and maintenance of healthy pregnancy.

  3. Effect of cobalt supplementation during late gestation and early lactation on milk and serum measures.

    PubMed

    Kincaid, R L; Socha, M T

    2007-04-01

    Thirty-six multiparous cows were assigned to a study to determine the effects of dietary Co supplementation during late gestation and early lactation on concentrations of Co in serum and liver, vitamin B12 concentrations in serum and milk, and milk yield. Nonlactating cows received diets containing 0.15, 0.89, or 1.71 mg/ kg of Co (dry matter basis) from 55 d before parturition, and lactating cows received diets containing 0.19, 0.57, or 0.93 mg/kg of Co (dry matter basis) from parturition through 120 d postpartum. Serum vitamin B12 concentrations declined sharply in all cows between 55 and 20 d prepartum. Dietary Co supplementation tended to cause an increase in the concentration of vitamin B12 in colostrum and milk. Cobalt intake did not affect concentrations of Co in liver or serum, but increased the Co concentration of milk (0.089, 0.120, and 0.130 microg of Co/mL) at 120 days in milk. There was no effect of Co supplementation on dry matter intake or yield of milk and milk components. In conclusion, serum concentrations of vitamin B12 are reduced in the early dry period, and added dietary Co may increase ruminal synthesis of vitamin B12 as indicated by a tendency for increased vitamin B12 concentrations in colostrum and milk of cows supplemented with dietary Co.

  4. The addition of metamizole to morphine and paracetamol improves early postoperative analgesia and patient satisfaction after lumbar disc surgery.

    PubMed

    Uzun, Sennur; Aycan, Ilker Onguc; Erden, Ismail Aydin; Sahin, Altan; Aypar, Ulku

    2010-07-01

    Combined analgesic regimens produce sufficient analgesia by additive or synergistic effects, and reduce the total dose of analgesics and minimise adverse effects. We investigated the metamizole, paracetamol and morphine combination with respect to postoperative pain treatment in lumbar disc surgery. After Ethics Committee approval and informed consent, 63 patients were allocated to three treatment groups; as Group paracetamol: paracetamol (1 g), Group paracetamol-metamizole: paracetamol (1 g) and metamizole (1 g), and Group placebo: no analgesic. All the patients received intravenous (i.v.) morphine with a patient-controlled analgesia device (PCA) as the rescue analgesic. Pain was assessed by the numerical pain rating scale (NRS, 0-3). Total morphine consumption at 24 hours, patient satisfaction and side effects were investigated. NRS of Group paracetamol-metamizole was low at 15th min, 30th min and 1st hour, and the difference reached statistical significance at 30th min (p=0.033). Patient satisfaction at the same measurement times was high in this group. Total morphine consumption and side effects were not statistically different between the three groups. Addition of metamizole to paracetamol along with iv morphine PCA offers an advantage over single iv morphine PCA and paracetamol, with respect to early postoperative pain treatment and patient satisfaction.

  5. Maternal Serum Serpin B7 Is Associated With Early Spontaneous Preterm Birth

    PubMed Central

    Parry, Samuel; Zhang, Heping; Biggio, Joseph; Bukowski, Radek; Varner, Michael; Xu, Yaji; Andrews, William W.; Saade, George R.; Esplin, M. Sean; Leite, Rita; Ilekis, John; Reddy, Uma M.; Sadovsky, Yoel; Blair, Ian A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To identify serum biomarkers of early spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) using semi-quantitative proteomic analyses. Study Design Nested case-control study of pregnant women with previous SPTB. Maternal serum was collected at 19 to 24 and 28 to 32 weeks gestation, and analyzed by liquid chromatography-multiple-reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry. Targeted and shotgun proteomics identified 31 candidate proteins that were differentially expressed in pooled serum samples from spontaneous preterm (<34 weeks - cases) and term deliveries (controls). Candidate protein expression was compared in individual serum samples between cases and controls matched by age and race groups, and clinical site. Protein expression was verified by Western blot in the placenta and fetal membranes from cases and controls. Results Serum samples were available for 35 cases and 35 controls at 19 to 24 weeks, and 16 cases and 16 controls at 28 to 32 weeks. One protein, serpin B7, yielded serum concentrations that differed between cases and controls. The mean concentration of serpin B7 at 28 to 32 weeks was 1.5-fold higher in women with subsequent preterm deliveries compared to controls; there was no difference at 19 to 24 weeks. Higher levels of serpin B7 at both gestational age windows were associated with a shorter interval to delivery, and higher levels of serpin B7 in samples from 28 to 32 weeks were associated with a lower gestational age at delivery. Western blotting identified serpin B7 protein in placenta, amnion, and chorion from cases and controls. Conclusion Targeted and shotgun serum proteomics analyses associated one protein, serpin B7, with early SPTB. Our results require validation in other cohorts and analysis of the possible mechanistic role of serpin B7 in parturition. PMID:24954659

  6. Interleukin-35 is upregulated in systemic sclerosis and its serum levels are associated with early disease.

    PubMed

    Tomcik, Michal; Zerr, Pawel; Palumbo-Zerr, Katrin; Storkanova, Hana; Hulejova, Hana; Spiritovic, Maja; Kodet, Ondrej; Stork, Jiri; Becvar, Radim; Vencovsky, Jiri; Pavelka, Karel; Filkova, Maria; Distler, Jörg H W; Senolt, Ladislav

    2015-12-01

    IL-35 is a member of the IL-12 family consisting of p35/IL-12a and EBI3/IL-27b subunits. IL-35 exerts immunomodulatory activities in experimental and human autoimmune inflammatory conditions. Our aim was to assess IL-35 expression in the skin and circulation of SSc patients and to characterize its potential association with SSc-related features. Expression of IL-35 in skin and dermal fibroblasts was quantified by quantitative PCR, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Serum levels of IL-35 (by ELISA), CRP (by turbidimetry), ANA (by immunofluorescence) and autoantibodies of the ENA complex (by immunoblot) were measured in 40 SSc patients. Serum IL-35 was determined in 40 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. IL-35 expression was increased in SSc skin and dermal fibroblasts in a TGF-β-dependent manner. IL-35 induced an activated phenotype in resting fibroblasts and enhanced the release of collagen. IL-35 serum levels were increased in patients with SSc compared with healthy controls [median 83.9 (interquartile range 45.1-146.1) vs 36.2 (interquartile range 17.2-49.4) pg/ml, P < 0.0001]. Serum IL-35 was negatively correlated with disease duration (r = -0.4339, P = 0.0052). In line with this finding, serum IL-35 was increased in patients with an early SSc pattern on capillaroscopy assessment compared with those with active and late SSc patterns. The present study demonstrates overexpression of IL-35 in SSc skin, dermal fibroblasts and serum. TGF-β induces IL-35, which in turn activates resting fibroblasts and enhances the release of collagen, thereby contributing to aberrant TGF-β signalling in SSc. Increased serum IL-35 is associated with early, inflammatory stages of SSc. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  7. Intraoperative hemodynamic factors predicting early postoperative renal function in pediatric kidney transplantation.

    PubMed

    Michelet, Daphné; Brasher, Christopher; Marsac, Lucile; Zanoun, Nabil; Assefi, Mona; Elghoneimi, Alaa; Dauger, Stephane; Dahmani, Souhayl

    2017-09-01

    The anesthetic management of kidney transplantation in children remains somewhat empirical. The goal of the present study was to investigate intraoperative hemodynamic factors affecting posttransplantation kidney function. We performed a retrospective analysis of data from patients undergoing kidney transplantation in our pediatric teaching hospital from 2000 to 2014. Data collected included: donor and recipient demographic data, recipient comorbidities, fluids administered intraoperatively, and intraoperative blood pressure and central venous pressure. The main outcome of the study was the creatinine clearance at day 1 corrected to a body surface area of 1.73 m². Analysis was performed using Classification Tree Analysis with 10-fold cross-validation. One hundred and two patients were included. The following predictors of increased postoperative creatinine clearance at day 1 were identified: decreasing recipient weight, mean blood pressure-to-weight ratio 10 minutes after reperfusion, reduced cold ischemia duration, and increased intraoperative albumin infusion. Increased creatinine clearance was observed when mean blood pressure-to-weight ratio 10 minutes after reperfusion was ≥4.3 in patients weighing 13-21 kg and ≥2.5 in those ≥22 kg. Overall, the model explained 64% (and at cross-validation 60%) of creatinine clearance variability at day 1. Intraoperative hemodynamics during kidney transplantation should be optimized in order to increase mean blood pressure according to values indicated by our analyses. Cold ischemia duration should be shortened as far as possible. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Does Tonsillectomy Affect Voice in Early or Late Postoperative Periods in Adults?

    PubMed

    Atan, Doğan; Apaydın, Emre; Özcan, Kürşat Murat; İkincioğulları, Aykut; Çetin, Mehmet Ali; Dere, Hüseyin

    2017-01-01

    The aim of our study was to investigate the short- and long-term effects of tonsillectomy on voice performance in adults. Prospective cohort study. This study was conducted between January 2013 and June 2015. A total of 26 adults who had tonsillectomy due to chronic tonsillitis or recurrent acute tonsillitis were included in the study. The voice performances of the participants were analyzed with objective and subjective methods before surgery, and 1 and 3 months after surgery. An acoustic voice analysis (fundamental frequency [F0], jitter %, shimmer %) was performed for objective analysis, and Voice Handicap Index survey was used for subjective analysis of the voice. Preoperative F0, jitter %, shimmer %, and Voice Handicap Index values were compared with the values obtained 1 and 3 months after surgery. Impairment of voice performance was determined when preoperative and postoperative first month F0, jitter %, and shimmer % values were compared. Three months after surgery, those values were found similar to the preoperative values. Tonsillectomy affects voice performance negatively in adults in short term; however, it does not affect voice performance in long term after surgery. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. [Protein malnutrition in patient in the early postoperative period after uncomplicated removal of the brain tumors].

    PubMed

    Krylov, K Iu; Savin, I A; Goriachev, A S; Emel'ianov, V K; Oshorov, A V; Polupan, A A; Sychev, A A; Tabasaranskiĭ, T F; Sokolova, E Iu; Moshkin, A V; Tnedieva, V D; Mochenova, N N; Aref'rva, I A; Lasunin, N V; Mezentseva, O Iu

    2012-01-01

    Malnutrition leads to adverse effects and may worsen clinical outcome. Surgery as a stress factor activates pathological reactions changing metabolism structure. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes of protein metabolism in patients after elective neurosurgical operation. 24 patients were prepared for elective surgery and were enrolled in this study. Evaluation of each patient included: measurement of anthropometric indices--height, weight, arm circumference and the triceps skinfold thickness, the definition of protein loss by determining the loss of nitrogen in the urine, assessment of protein catabolism, determining the violations of nutritional status upon the base of laboratory parameters. During the course of the conducted investigation significant (p < 0.05) decrease in the indices of total protein, albumin, transferrin and the absolute numbers of lymphocytes in the postoperative period was revealed. All the patients developed severe protein catabolism. It became clear that uncomplicated elective surgical intervention, together with the adopted scheme of the nutritional therapy leads to severe protein catabolism in all patients.

  10. Serum IGF-1, IGFBP-3 levels and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in early breast cancer patients.

    PubMed

    Papadakis, Georgios Z; Mavroudis, Dimitrios; Georgoulias, Vasilios; Souglakos, John; Alegakis, Athanasios K; Samonis, George; Bagci, Ulas; Makrigiannakis, Antonis; Zoras, Odysseas

    2017-04-01

    Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-axis is involved in human oncogenesis and metastasis development for various solid tumors including breast cancer. Aim of this study was to assess the association between IGF-1, IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) serum levels and the presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood of women diagnosed with early breast cancer (EBC), before and after adjuvant chemotherapy. 171 patients with early-stage breast adenocarcinomas were retrospectively evaluated. Immunoradiometric (IRMA) assays were employed for the in-vitro determination of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels in blood samples collected after surgical treatment and before initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy. CTCs' presence was assessed through detection of cytokeratin-19 (CK-19) mRNA transcripts using quantitative real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). IGF-1, IGFBP-3 serum levels were correlated with CTCs' presence before and after adjuvant chemotherapy as well as with tumor characteristics including tumor size, axillary lymph node status, oestrogen (ER)/progestorene (PR) and human epidermural growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptor status. Log-rank test was applied to investigate possible association between IGF-1, IGFBP-3 serum levels and disease-free interval (DFI) and overall survival (OS). Before initiation of adjuvant therapy IGF-1, IGFBP-3 serum levels were moderately associated (Spearman's rho=0.361, p<0.001) with each other, while presenting significant differences across age groups (all p values<0.05). IGF-1 serum levels did not correlate with the presence of CTCs before initiation (p=0.558) or after completion (p=0.474) of adjuvant chemotherapy. Similarly, IGFBP-3 serum levels did not show significant association with detectable CTCs either before (p=0.487) or after (p=0.134) completion of adjuvant chemotherapy. There was no statistically significant association between the clinical outcome of patients in terms of DFI, OS

  11. Chemotherapy for intraperitoneal use: a review of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy and early post-operative intraperitoneal chemotherapy

    PubMed Central

    McPartland, Sarah; Detelich, Danielle; Saif, Muhammad Wasif

    2016-01-01

    Peritoneal spread of tumors is a major problem in cancer management. Patients develop a marked deterioration in quality of life and shortened survival. This is in part due to bowel obstructions, marked ascites, and overall increase debilitation. Standard medical management has shown to be inadequate for the treatment of these problems. Surgery can palliate symptoms, however, it is unable to be complete at the microscopic level by a significant spillage of tumor cells throughout the abdomen. Chemotherapy can have some improvement in symptoms however it is short lived due to poor penetration into the peritoneal cavity. The role of intraperitoneal chemotherapy is to maximize tumor penetration and optimize cell death while minimizing systemic toxicity. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) and early post-operative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (EPIC) are two treatment methods that serve this role and have been shown to improve survival. This review will discuss different chemotherapies used for both of these treatment options. PMID:26941983

  12. Risk factors for early post-operative neurological deterioration in dogs undergoing a cervical dorsal laminectomy or hemilaminectomy: 100 cases (2002-2014).

    PubMed

    Taylor-Brown, F E; Cardy, T J A; Liebel, F X; Garosi, L; Kenny, P J; Volk, H A; De Decker, S

    2015-12-01

    Early post-operative neurological deterioration is a well-known complication following dorsal cervical laminectomies and hemilaminectomies in dogs. This study aimed to evaluate potential risk factors for early post-operative neurological deterioration following these surgical procedures. Medical records of 100 dogs that had undergone a cervical dorsal laminectomy or hemilaminectomy between 2002 and 2014 were assessed retrospectively. Assessed variables included signalment, bodyweight, duration of clinical signs, neurological status before surgery, diagnosis, surgical site, type and extent of surgery and duration of procedure. Outcome measures were neurological status immediately following surgery and duration of hospitalisation. Univariate statistical analysis was performed to identify variables to be included in a multivariate model. Diagnoses included osseous associated cervical spondylomyelopathy (OACSM; n = 41), acute intervertebral disk extrusion (IVDE; 31), meningioma (11), spinal arachnoid diverticulum (10) and vertebral arch anomalies (7). Overall 54% (95% CI 45.25-64.75) of dogs were neurologically worse 48 h post-operatively. Multivariate statistical analysis identified four factors significantly related to early post-operative neurological outcome. Diagnoses of OACSM or meningioma were considered the strongest variables to predict early post-operative neurological deterioration, followed by higher (more severely affected) neurological grade before surgery and longer surgery time. This information can aid in the management of expectations of clinical staff and owners with dogs undergoing these surgical procedures.

  13. Preoperative Factors Affecting Postoperative Early Quality of Life During the Learning Curve of Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Kang Jun; Kim, Hyo Sin; Koh, Jun Sung; Han, Seung Bum; Kim, Sang Hoon; Kim, Hyun Woo; Cho, Su Yeon

    2013-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the preoperative factors related to early quality of life (QoL) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) during the surgeon's learning curve. Methods The medical records of 82 patients with a follow-up period of at least 3 months who were treated with HoLEP during the time of a surgeon's learning curve were analyzed retrospectively. We divided the patients into two groups on the basis of the QoL component of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) 3 months after HoLEP: the high QoL group (IPSS/QoL≤3) and the low QoL group (IPSS/QoL≥4). Preoperative factors in each group were compared, including prostate volume, prostate-specific antigen, history of acute urinary retention (AUR), urgency incontinence, IPSS, and urodynamic parameters. Detrusor underactivity was defined as a bladder contractility index less than 100 on urodynamic study. Results A total of 61 patients (74.3%) had a high QoL, whereas 21 (25.7%) had a low QoL. A history of AUR, detrusor pressure on maximal flow (PdetQmax), bladder outlet obstruction grade, bladder contractility index, and detrusor underactivity were associated with postoperative QoL in the univariate analysis. In the multivariate analysis, a history of AUR and PdetQmax were independent factors affecting postoperative QoL. Conclusions A history of AUR and bladder contractility affect early QoL, and preoperative urodynamic study plays an important role in the proper selection of patients during the HoLEP learning curve. PMID:23869273

  14. [Dexmedetomidine use for intravenous sedation and delirium treatment during early postoperative period in cardio-surgical patients].

    PubMed

    Eremenko, A A; Chernova, E V

    2013-01-01

    to analyze the efficiency and safety of Dexmedetomidine infusion for a short-term controlled sedation and treatment of delirium in the early postoperative period in patients after cardiac surgery. open, randomized, prospective study of 28 patients undergoing surgery on the heart or main blood vessels under general anaesthesia. In the early postoperative period all patients received an infusion of Dexmedetomidine (0.2-1.4 microg kg(-1) per hour) for sedation. The analgesia was carried out with Ketoprofen according to the protocol and Trimeperidine if VAS was > or = 3. Sedation and agitation levels were measured by Ramsay and RAAS scales, speed of awaking by Aldrete score. Duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay in ICU, need for analgesics (VAS scale), type and frequency of side effects and vital signs (Harward standart) were recorded. Type of delirium, time of onset (days after surgery), dose and duration of psychomotor agitation were evaluated in patients with delirium (n = 9). Dexmedetomidine infusion in the medium therapeutic doses resulted mild or moderate sedation remaining up to 12 hours after the infusion. More than 50% of patients had retrograde amnesia. The pain intensity did not exceed 1 point on VAS scale in 96% of patients. 23% of patients required an additional administration of Trimeperidine. The most common side effects were bradycardia (39%) and arterial hypotension (36%). The therapy with Dexmedetomidine provided the most optimal level of sedation compared to other combinations of drugs (haloperidol, midazolam, propofol) in patients with delirium according to sedation-agitation and awaking scales. Dexmedetomidine provides dose-dependent sedation and retrograde amnesia without altering the verbal contact, does not cause respiratory depression. The drug has independent analgesic effect and proved to be effective in the treatment of delirium. The most frequent side effects of Dexmedetomidine are bradycardia and arterial hypotension.

  15. Calponin-h2: a potential serum marker for the early detection of human breast cancer?

    PubMed

    Debald, Manuel; Jin, Jian-Ping; Linke, Andrea; Walgenbach, Klaus-Jürgen; Rauch, Peter; Zellmer, Angela; Fimmers, Rolf; Kuhn, Walther; Hartmann, Gunther; Walgenbach-Brünagel, Gisela

    2014-11-01

    Early diagnosis is the key for the successful treatment of breast cancer. A serum marker for the early detection of breast cancer could significantly reduce breast cancer morbidity and mortality by bringing the time of diagnosis at an earlier and therefore still curable stage. So far, no biomarker for the early detection is available for the clinical routine. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of calponin-h2 as a blood-based biomarker for the early diagnosis of this disease. Using two monoclonal antibodies against calponin-h2, we developed a sandwich ELISA to analyze the serum levels of calponin-h2. In order to evaluate the diagnostic potential of this biomarker, patients with breast cancer (n = 76), benign diseases of the breast (n = 51) and healthy females (n = 24) were analyzed. Serum levels above 10 ng/ml were only observed in patients with breast cancer (n = 8; 10.5%). Further large-scale studies and preanalytic evaluations are necessary to clarify the definite role of calponin-h2 as a biomarker in breast cancer management.

  16. [Pain management in surgical wards. Quality and solutions for improvement in the early postoperative period].

    PubMed

    Gross, T; Pretto, M; Aeschbach, A; Marsch, S

    2002-08-01

    Following guidelines pain levels should not exceed a score of 3 on the visual analog scale (VAS 1-10). We were interested in the actual surgical pain management of the postoperative period and the potential influences of a nurse-controlled intravenous morphine administration (NCA) on its quality. Interventional study: interview of patients and nursing staff and examination of records concerning pain treatment following surgery. The interviews were conducted with 110 patients before and 125 patients after the intervention program. Before the intervention, one-half of the patients noted that they were never asked about their pain intensity within the first 24 h after surgery. Only 42% of the records showed at least one VAS documentation. Every fourth individual experienced a pain intensity > 3 without having received a supplementary pain medication. Following the morphine intervention program, documentation of pain scores increased significantly (72%; p < 0.0001) and more patients were familiar with the VAS (64% vs 46%; p < 0.0004). Median maximum as well as actual pain at the time of the interview decreased by one point (VAS). The percentage of patients whose supplementary pain prescription was totally used showed a significant increase (p = 0.035). Following morphine administration, no single individual complained about an undue waiting time in comparison to 15% of patients previously. Even though the morphine intervention project caused more work for the nursing staff, 75% of the personnel were convinced that the procedure was worth this investment. This data revealed a relevant deficiency of surgical pain management. Already basic instructions on pain management can significantly improve this treatment. Assigning additional authority to the nursing staff, such as a nurse-based intravenous opioid administration, can significantly raise the motivation of the personnel as well as the satisfaction of the patients involved.

  17. Persistent adrenocorticotropin response to desmopressin in the early postoperative period predicts recurrence of Cushing's disease.

    PubMed

    Losa, Marco; Bianchi, Roberto; Barzaghi, Raffaella; Giovanelli, Massimo; Mortini, Pietro

    2009-09-01

    Patients with Cushing's disease (CD) often show an ACTH and cortisol response to desmopressin (DDAVP). We tested whether persistence of a positive response to DDAVP after successful surgery identifies patients at risk of CD recurrence. We prospectively included all CD patients who had a positive response to DDAVP before successful surgery from 1995 through 2007. The study was performed at a university hospital. One hundred seventy-four patients with CD, 148 women and 26 men, mean age 36.1 +/- 0.8 yr, were studied. The median follow-up after surgery was 58 months (interquartile range 22-93 months). DDAVP test was performed immediately before and after surgery. An ACTH and cortisol increment of at least 30 and 20% above baseline, respectively, were considered as a positive response to DDAVP. The risk of CD recurrence was analyzed according to the postoperative hormonal response to DDAVP. Recurrence of CD occurred in 19 patients (10.9%). The recurrence-free survival at 5 yr was 89.8% [95% confidence interval (CI) 84.2-95.4]. Patients with a positive ACTH response had a 5-yr recurrence-free survival of 82.6% (95% CI 70.6-94.6%) as compared with 94.0% (95% CI 88.2-99.8%; P < 0.01) in patients without it. Multivariate analysis showed that persistence of a positive ACTH response to DDAVP was significantly associated with CD recurrence. Positive ACTH response to DDAVP after surgery is associated with an increased risk of CD recurrence. However, the specificity and predictive value of this finding are low.

  18. Early pulmonary compliance increase during cardiac surgery predicted post-operative lung dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Sacuto, Yann; Sacuto, Thierry

    2017-06-01

    Lung dysfunction following cardiac surgery is currently viewed as the consequence of atelectasis and lung injury. While the mechanism of atelectasis has been largely detailed, the pathogenesis of lung injury after cardiopulmonary bypass is still unclear. Based upon clinical and experimental studies, we hypothesized that lungs could be injured through a mechanical phenomenon. We recorded pulmonary compliance at six key moments of a heart operation in 62 adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. We focused on the period lasting from anesthetic induction to aorta unclamping. We calculated the variation of static and dynamic pulmonary compliance caused by thorax opening; ΔCstat1 and ΔCdyn1 and that caused by cardiopulmonary bypass, ΔCstat2 and ΔCdyn2. Blood gases were performed under standardized ventilation after anesthetic induction and after surgical closure. The PaO2/FiO2 ratio was calculated. ∆PaO2/FiO2 was the criterion for lung dysfunction. We compared ΔCstat1 and ΔCdyn1 with both ∆PaO2/FiO2 and, respectively, ΔCstat2 and ΔCdyn2. Static and dynamic compliance increased with the opening of the thorax and decreased with the start of cardiopulmonary bypass. The PaO2/FiO2 ratio diminished after surgery. ΔCstat1 and ΔCdyn1 were negatively correlated with both ∆PaO2/FiO2 (r=-0.42; p<0.001 and r=-0.44; p<0.001) and, respectively, with ΔCstat2 and ΔCdyn2 (r=-0.59; p<0.001 and r=-0.53; p<0.001). Increased pulmonary compliance induced by the opening of the thorax is correlated with worsened intrapulmonary shunt after cardiopulmonary bypass. A mechanical phenomenon could be partly responsible for post-operative hypoxemia.

  19. Differentially expressed proteins on postoperative 3 days healing in rabbit Achilles tendon rupture model after early kinesitherapy.

    PubMed

    Jialili, Ainuer; Jielile, Jiasharete; Abudoureyimu, Shajidan; Sabirhazi, Gulnur; Redati, Darebai; Bai, Jing-Ping; Bin, Liang; Duisabai, Sailike; Aishan, Jiangaguli; Kasimu, Haxiaobieke

    2011-04-01

    Surgical repair of Achilles tendon (AT) rupture should immediately be followed by active tendon mobilization. The optimal time as to when the mobilization should begin is important yet controversial. Early kinesitherapy leads to reduced rehabilitation period. However, an insight into the detailed mechanism of this process has not been gained. Proteomic technique can be used to separate and purify the proteins by differential expression profile which is related to the function of different proteins, but research in the area of proteomic analysis of AT 3 days after repair has not been studied so far. Forty-seven New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into 3 groups. Group A (immobilization group, n equal to 16) received postoperative cast immobilization; Group B (early motion group, n equal to 16) received early active motion treatments immediately following the repair of AT rupture from tenotomy. Another 15 rabbits served as control group (Group C). The AT samples were prepared 3 days following the microsurgery. The proteins were separated employing two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE). PDQuest software version 8.0 was used to identify differentially expressed proteins, followed by peptide mass fingerprint (PMF) and tandem mass spectrum analysis, using the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) protein database retrieval and then for bioinformatics analysis. A mean of 446.33, 436.33 and 462.67 protein spots on Achilles tendon samples of 13 rabbits in Group A, 14 rabbits in Group B and 13 rabbits in Group C were successfully detected in the 2D-PAGE. There were 40, 36 and 79 unique proteins in Groups A, B and C respectively. Some differentially expressed proteins were enzyme with the gel, matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). We successfully identified 9 and 11 different proteins in Groups A and B, such as GAPDH, phosphoglycerate kinase 1, pro-alpha-1 type 1 collagen

  20. Clinical outcome of exercise therapy and early post-operative rehabilitation for treatment of neglected Achilles tendon rupture: a randomized study.

    PubMed

    Jielile, Jiasharete; Badalihan, Ayinazi; Qianman, Bayixiati; Satewalede, Tuerde; Wuerliebieke, Jianati; Kelamu, Mailamuguli; Jialihasi, Ayidaer

    2016-07-01

    Treatment of neglected Achilles tendon rupture is very challenging. This randomized study aimed to compare the clinical outcome of early post-operative rehabilitation (EPR) with post-operative cast immobilization (PCI). Fifty-seven patients with neglected Achilles tendon rupture were randomized to receive EPR (n = 26) or PCI (n = 31) management following surgery. Clinical outcome was monitored by follow-up at weeks 8, 12, 18 and 26 and year 2. The significance of intergroup differences from the Leppilahti scoring system (LSS), ultrasonography, multislice spiral computerized tomography (MSCT) and electromyography was assessed. Ultrasonography and MSCT revealed no occurrence of tendon elongation or adhesion. Four patients could perform sustained single-leg heel-raise exercise for 60 s at post-operative day 40. The PCI group also showed increased post-operative LSS score, but recovery was slower. Post-operative complications, such as ankle joint ankylosis and osteoporosis, only occurred in the PCI group. Compared with cast immobilization, early post-operative rehabilitation results in better clinical outcome and faster overall tendon regeneration of neglected Achilles tendon rupture. II.

  1. Outcome of a one-stage tensile stress surgical technique and early postoperative rehabilitation in the treatment of neglected achilles tendon rupture.

    PubMed

    Badalihan, Ayinazi; Aihemaiti, Amina; Shawutali, Nuerai; Jielile, Jiasharete; Jialihasi, Ayidaer; Tangkejie, Wulanbai; Nuerdoula, Yeermike; Satewalede, Turde; Hunapiya, Beisen; Niyazebieke, Hadelebieke; Hezibieke, Hayilat; Zhao, Qin; Bahetijiang, Ahezhuoli; Kelamu, Mailamuguli; Qianman, Bayixiati

    2015-01-01

    The present study evaluated the effect of single-stage internal traction combined with early postoperative active rehabilitation and the yurt bone suture method, a new surgical technique, on the clinical outcomes after surgical repair of Achilles tendon. A total of 51 patients with neglected Achilles tendon rupture who underwent the yurt bone suture treatment also participated in an accelerated postoperative rehabilitation program. The clinical outcome was evaluated for 18 weeks using the Leppilahti scoring system, bilateral ultrasound examination, and computed tomography examination. The ultrasound and computed tomography examinations revealed that Achilles tendon elongation and adhesion occurred in none of the patients. All the patients could perform the single leg heel raise exercise for a mean of 30 ± 7.6 seconds at 12 weeks postoperatively. In addition, the patients could participate in sport exercises and heavy physical activities by around 13 weeks postoperatively. The mean Leppilahti score was 85.8 ± 3.7 at 8 weeks postoperatively, and it had increased to 96.1 ± 3.2 and 100.0 ± 0.0 at 12 and 18 weeks, respectively, after the operation. The 1-stage internal traction technique, combined with early postoperative active rehabilitation and the yurt bone surgical technique, resulted in good clinical outcomes for the treatment of neglected Achilles tendon rupture. Copyright © 2015 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. The utility of erythrocyte sedimentation rate values and white blood cell counts after spinal deformity surgery in the early (≤3 months) post-operative period.

    PubMed

    Kuhn, Margaret G; Lenke, Lawrence G; Bridwell, Keith H; O'Donnell, June C; Luhmann, Scott J

    2012-03-01

    The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and white blood cell (WBC) count are frequently obtained in the work-up of post-operative fever. However, their diagnostic utility depends upon comparison with normative peri-operative trends which have not yet been described. The purpose of this study is to define a range of erythrocyte sedimentation rates and white blood cell counts following spinal instrumentation and fusion in non-infected patients. Seventy-five patients underwent spinal instrumentation and fusion. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and white blood cell count were recorded pre-operatively, at 3 and 7 days post-operatively, and at 1 and 3 months post-operatively. Both erythrocyte sedimentation rate and white blood cell count trends demonstrated an early peak, followed by a gradual return to normal. Peak erythrocyte sedimentation rates occurred within the first week post-operatively in 98% of patients. Peak white blood cell counts occurred with the first week in 85% of patients. In the absence of infection, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate was abnormally elevated in 78% of patients at 1 month and in 53% of patients at 3 months post-operatively. The white blood cell count was abnormally elevated in only 6% of patients at 1 month post-operatively. Longer surgical time was associated with elevated white cell count at 1 week post-operatively. The fusion of more vertebral levels had a negative relationship with elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate at 1 week post-operatively. The anterior surgical approach was associated with significantly lower erythrocyte sedimentation rate at 1 month post-operatively and with lower white cell count at 1 week post-operatively. In non-infected spinal fusion surgeries, erythrocyte sedimentation rates are in the abnormal range in 78% of patients at 1 month and in 53% of patients at 3 months post-operatively, suggesting that the erythrocyte sedimentation rate is of limited diagnostic value in the early post-operative

  3. Vitronectin: a promising breast cancer serum biomarker for early diagnosis of breast cancer in patients.

    PubMed

    Hao, Wende; Zhang, Xuhui; Xiu, Bingshui; Yang, Xiqin; Hu, Shuofeng; Liu, Zhiqiang; Duan, Cuimi; Jin, Shujuan; Ying, Xiaomin; Zhao, Yanfeng; Han, Xiaowei; Hao, Xiaopeng; Fan, Yawen; Johnson, Heather; Meng, Di; Persson, Jenny L; Zhang, Heqiu; Feng, XiaoYan; Huang, Yan

    2016-07-01

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide, identification of new biomarkers for early diagnosis and detection will improve the clinical outcome of breast cancer patients. In the present study, we determined serum levels of vitronectin (VN) in 93 breast cancer patients, 30 benign breast lesions, 9 precancerous lesions, and 30 healthy individuals by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Serum VN level was significantly higher in patients with stage 0-I primary breast cancer than in healthy individuals, patients with benign breast lesion or precancerous lesions, as well as those with breast cancer of higher stages. Serum VN level was significantly and negatively correlated with tumor size, lymph node status, and clinical stage (p < 0.05 in all cases). In addition, VN displayed higher area under curve (AUC) value (0.73, 95 % confidence interval (CI) [0.62-0.84]) than carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) (0.64, 95 % CI [0.52-0.77]) and cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) (0.69, 95 % CI [0.58-0.81]) when used to distinguish stage 0-I cancer and normal control. Importantly, the combined use of three biomarkers yielded an improvement in receiver operating characteristic curve with an AUC of 0.83, 95 % CI [0.74-0.92]. Taken together, our current study showed for the first time that serum VN is a promising biomarker for early diagnosis of breast cancer when combined with CEA and CA15-3.

  4. Benefit of Oral Feeding as Early as One Day After Elective Surgery for Colorectal Cancer: Oral Feeding on First Versus Second Postoperative Day

    PubMed Central

    Fujii, Takaaki; Morita, Hiroki; Sutoh, Toshinaga; Yajima, Reina; Yamaguchi, Satoru; Tsutsumi, Soichi; Asao, Takayuki; Kuwano, Hiroyuki

    2014-01-01

    The optimal timing of early oral intake after surgery has not been fully established. The objective of this study was to compare early oral intake at postoperative day 1 after resection of colorectal cancer with that of day 2 to identify the optimal timing for resumption of oral intake in such patients. Consecutive patients with colorectal cancer who underwent elective colorectal resection were separated into two groups. Sixty-two patients began a liquid diet on the first postoperative day (POD1 group) and 58 patients began on POD2 (POD2 group) and advanced to a regular diet within the next 24 hours as tolerated. As for gastrointestinal recovery, the first passage of flatus was experienced, on average, on postoperative day 3.1 ± 1.0 in the POD2 group and on day 2.3 ± 0.7 in the POD1 group. The first defecation was also significantly earlier in patients in the POD1 group than those in the POD2 group (POD 3.2 ± 1.2 versus 4.2 ± 1.4, respectively). No statistical difference was found between the two groups in terms of postoperative complications. Our results suggest that very early feeding on POD1 after colorectal resection is safe and feasible and that induced a quicker recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal movement in patients. PMID:24833141

  5. Early versus delayed postoperative oral hydration after general anesthesia: a prospective randomized trial

    PubMed Central

    Yin, Xiaorong; Ye, Ling; Zhao, Liang; Li, Lisha; Song, Jinping

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of our study was to determine the safety and tolerability of early oral hydration (EOH) compared with delayed oral hydration (DOH) after general anesthesia. One thousand anesthesiology (ASA) I to III adult patients undergoing non-gastrointestinal surgery with general anesthesia were randomized assigned into two groups: DOH (n=500, patients were given water 4 h after general anesthesia), EOH (n=500, patients were given 0.5 ml/kg water once recovered from general anesthesia.) in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). Patients were evaluated for nausea, vomiting, drink desire, thirsty scale, oropharyngeal discomfort scale, and satisfaction scale. Statistical analysis was performed with Student’s t and Chi-Square tests. Complete data were available for 983 patients (EOH=488, DOH=495). Twenty minutes after receiving water the incidence of vomiting in EOH group was very low. And there was no significant difference between the two groups at the same time point (p > 0.05). Compared with DOH group, after receiving water there was a significant decrease of patients’ thirsty scales (p < 0.0001) and oropharyngeal discomfort scales (p < 0.0001) in EOH group. Significantly more patients’ satisfaction were reported in EOH group (p < 0.001). No serious adverse effects were reported during the study period. For patients undergoing non-gastrointestinal surgery, early oral hydration after recovery from general anesthesia was safe, with lower thirsty scale and oropharyngeal discomfort scales, and higher satisfaction. PMID:25419388

  6. Prevalence of and risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications after lung cancer surgery in patients with early-stage COPD.

    PubMed

    Kim, Eun Sun; Kim, Young Tae; Kang, Chang Hyun; Park, In Kyu; Bae, Won; Choi, Sun Mi; Lee, Jinwoo; Park, Young Sik; Lee, Chang-Hoon; Lee, Sang-Min; Yim, Jae-Joon; Kim, Young Whan; Han, Sung Koo; Yoo, Chul-Gyu

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate whether the prevalence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is even higher in the early stages of COPD than in such patients with normal lung function and to verify the usefulness of symptom- or quality of life (QoL)-based scores in predicting risk for PPCs. Patients undergoing pulmonary resection for NSCLC between July 2012 and October 2014 were prospectively enrolled. Preoperative measurements of lung function, dyspnea, and QoL, operative characteristics, PPCs, duration of postoperative hospitalization, and in-hospital mortality were assessed. Among 351 consecutive patients with NSCLC, 343 patients with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) ≥70% of predicted value were enrolled. At least one PPC occurred in 57 (16.6%) patients. Prevalence of PPC was higher in patients with COPD (30.1%) than in those with normal spirometry (10.0%; P<0.001). However, in patients with COPD, the prevalence of PPC was not different in patients with FEV1 ≥70% compared to those with FEV1 <70% and between group A (low risk and less symptoms) and group B (low risk and more symptoms) patients with COPD, based on the new Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease 2011 guidelines. In patients with COPD, body mass index (odds ratio [OR]: 0.80, P=0.007), carbon monoxide diffusing capacity of the lung (DLCO), % predicted value (OR: 0.97, P=0.024), and operation time (OR: 1.01, P=0.003), but not COPD assessment test or St George Respiratory Questionnaire scores, were significantly associated with PPCs. Even in patients with early-stage COPD, the prevalence of PPCs is higher than in patients with NSCLC with normal spirometry. However, this rate is not different between group A and group B patients with COPD. In accordance with this, scores based on symptoms or QoL are not predictors of risk of PPCs in patients with early-stage COPD.

  7. Early enteral feeding, compared with parenteral, reduces postoperative septic complications. The results of a meta-analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Moore, F A; Feliciano, D V; Andrassy, R J; McArdle, A H; Booth, F V; Morgenstein-Wagner, T B; Kellum, J M; Welling, R E; Moore, E E

    1992-01-01

    This two-part meta-analysis combined data from eight prospective randomized trials designed to compare the nutritional efficacy of early enteral (TEN) and parenteral (TPN) nutrition in high-risk surgical patients. The combined data gave sufficient patient numbers (TEN, n = 118; TPN, n = 112) to adequately address whether route of substrate delivery affected septic complication incidence. Phase I (dropouts excluded) meta-analysis confirmed data homogeneity across study sites, that TEN and TPN groups were comparable, and that significantly fewer TEN patients experienced septic complications (TEN, 18%; TPN, 35%; p = 0.01). Phase II meta-analysis, an intent-to-treat analysis (dropouts included), confirmed that fewer TEN patients developed septic complications. Further breakdown by patient type showed that all trauma and blunt trauma subgroups had the most significant reduction in septic complications when fed enterally. In conclusion, this meta-analysis attests to the feasibility of early postoperative TEN in high-risk surgical patients and that these patients have reduced septic morbidity rates compared with those administered TPN. PMID:1386982

  8. High maternal serum ferritin in early pregnancy and risk of spontaneous preterm birth.

    PubMed

    Khambalia, Amina Z; Collins, Clare E; Roberts, Christine L; Morris, Jonathan M; Powell, Katie L; Tasevski, Vitomir; Nassar, Natasha

    2015-08-14

    Previous studies have reported inconsistent associations between maternal serum ferritin concentrations and the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). The aim of the present study was to examine the association between Fe biomarkers, including serum ferritin concentrations, and the risk of total ( 75th percentile ( ≥ 43 μg/l) (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.06, 2.10) and >90th percentile ( ≥ 68 μg/l) (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.25, 2.96). Increased odds of early and moderate-to-late sPTB were associated with ferritin levels >90th percentile (OR 2.50, 95% CI 1.32, 4.73) and >75th percentile (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.03, 2.37), respectively. No association was found between the risk of sPTB and elevated sTfR levels or Fe deficiency. In conclusion, elevated maternal serum ferritin levels in early pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of sPTB from 34 weeks of gestation. The usefulness of early pregnancy ferritin levels in identifying women at risk of sPTB warrants further investigation.

  9. Identification of serum protein markers for early diagnosis of pregnancy in buffalo.

    PubMed

    Buragohain, Lukumoni; Nanda, Trilok; Ghosh, Arnab; Ghosh, Mayukh; Kumar, Rajesh; Kumar, Sunil; Gupta, Sambhu Sharan; Bharali, Arpita; Mohanty, Ashok K; Singh, Inderjeet; Balhara, Ashok Kumar

    2017-08-01

    Improper or delayed pregnancy diagnosis has significant impact over animal production, particularly in buffaloes which inherently suffer from several reproductive inefficiencies. Thus the present study has undertaken to identify serum protein markers pertaining to early pregnancy diagnosis in buffaloes. Serum samples were collected from 10 pregnant Murrah Buffalo heifers at weekly intervals from days 0-35 post-artificial insemination and from 12 inseminated non-pregnant cyclic buffalo heifers on days 0, 7, 14 and 21. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and densitometric analysis revealed the presence of five protein spots showing average density fold change of ≥4 during early pregnancy. Mass spectrometry analysis identified these up-regulated proteins as anti-testosterone antibody light chain, apolipoprotein A-II precursor, serum amyloid A, cytokeratin type II, component IV isoform 1, which are have established roles in embryogenesis, but over-expression of the fifth identified protein immunoglobulin lambda light chain in pregnancy has been elucidated as a novel finding in the current study. Further, with bioinformatics analysis, potential antigenic B-cell epitopes were predicted for all these five proteins. An antibody cocktail-based approach involving antibodies against all these five up-regulated entire proteins or their epitopes could be developed for early detection of pregnancy in buffaloes. © 2016 Japanese Society of Animal Science. © 2016 Japanese Society of Animal Science.

  10. Liver graft hyperperfusion in the early postoperative period promotes hepatic regeneration 2 weeks after living donor liver transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Byun, Sung Hye; Yang, Hae Soo; Kim, Jong Hae

    2016-01-01

    vascular velocities and a small-sized graft in the early postoperative period contributes to hepatic regeneration 2 weeks after LDLT. PMID:27861381

  11. Port catheter versus peripherally inserted central catheter for postoperative chemotherapy in early breast cancer: a retrospective analysis of 448 patients.

    PubMed

    Lefebvre, L; Noyon, E; Georgescu, D; Proust, V; Alexandru, C; Leheurteur, M; Thery, J C; Savary, L; Rigal, O; Di Fiore, F; Veyret, C; Clatot, F

    2016-03-01

    We aimed to compare the complication rate between port catheters (PC) and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) for the administration of postoperative chemotherapy for breast cancer. All patients treated from January 2010 to August 2012 at the Centre Henri Becquerel for early breast cancer requiring postoperative chemotherapy were retrospectively screened. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a major complication related to the central venous catheter. Major complications were defined as any grade 3 event according to CTCAE 4.0, delay in chemotherapy >7 days, change of the device, life-threatening event, event requiring a hospitalization, or a prolongation of hospitalization. A total of 448 patients were included; 290 had a PC and 158 a PICC. Overall, 31 major complications related to the central venous catheter were observed: 13 for patients with a PC (4.5%) and 18 for patients with a PICC (11.4%). In univariate analysis, having a PICC was the only factor significantly associated with a higher risk of major complications (HR = 2.83, p = 0.0027). We observed a trend for a higher risk of major complications for patients older than 60 years or with BMI >25 (p = 0.06). In multivariate analysis, having a PICC was the only predictive factor of major complications (HR = 2.89, p = 0.004). In univariate and multivariate analysis, having a PICC instead of a PC was the only predictive factor of device-related major complication. If confirmed prospectively by the NCT02095743 ongoing trial, this result might modify the management of adjuvant chemotherapy administration.

  12. Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy Improves Early Postoperative Results: A Retrospective Comparison of Outcomes After Endoscopic Versus Open Plantar Fasciotomy.

    PubMed

    Chou, Andrew Chia Chen; Ng, Sean Yung Chuan; Koo, Kevin Oon Thien

    2016-01-01

    Plantar fasciotomy is offered to patients with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. Few studies have characterized the functional outcomes over time for the endoscopic approach compared with the open approach. We hypothesized that patients undergoing endoscopic surgery will have better postoperative functional outcomes early in the postoperative period but equivalent long-term outcomes compared with patients undergoing open surgery. We analyzed the prospectively collected data of all patients undergoing plantar fasciotomy at our institution from December 2007 to August 2014. A total of 42 feet of 38 patients were included in the analysis. The clinical data were collected preoperatively and at 3 and 6 months and 1 year. The functional outcomes analyzed included the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot scale, the Medical Outcomes Study, Short-Form, 36-item Health Survey, and patient satisfaction and expectations. Patients undergoing endoscopic surgery had significantly greater American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot and SF-36 Health Survey scores and lower pain scores at the 3-month period. They were also significantly more likely to be satisfied with and have had their expectations met by surgery. Compared with the open approach, the patients who had undergone endoscopic plantar fasciotomy experienced significantly greater improvements in the subjective and objective functional outcomes, with less pain and greater satisfaction, and had had their expectations met earlier in the recovery period, with equivalent long-term outcomes, compared with the patients who had undergone open plantar fasciotomy. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Mass spectrometry-based serum proteome pattern analysis in molecular diagnostics of early stage breast cancer

    PubMed Central

    Pietrowska, Monika; Marczak, Lukasz; Polanska, Joanna; Behrendt, Katarzyna; Nowicka, Elzbieta; Walaszczyk, Anna; Chmura, Aleksandra; Deja, Regina; Stobiecki, Maciej; Polanski, Andrzej; Tarnawski, Rafal; Widlak, Piotr

    2009-01-01

    Background Mass spectrometric analysis of the blood proteome is an emerging method of clinical proteomics. The approach exploiting multi-protein/peptide sets (fingerprints) detected by mass spectrometry that reflect overall features of a specimen's proteome, termed proteome pattern analysis, have been already shown in several studies to have applicability in cancer diagnostics. We aimed to identify serum proteome patterns specific for early stage breast cancer patients using MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry. Methods Blood samples were collected before the start of therapy in a group of 92 patients diagnosed at stages I and II of the disease, and in a group of age-matched healthy controls (104 women). Serum specimens were purified and the low-molecular-weight proteome fraction was examined using MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry after removal of albumin and other high-molecular-weight serum proteins. Protein ions registered in a mass range between 2,000 and 10,000 Da were analyzed using a new bioinformatic tool created in our group, which included modeling spectra as a sum of Gaussian bell-shaped curves. Results We have identified features of serum proteome patterns that were significantly different between blood samples of healthy individuals and early stage breast cancer patients. The classifier built of three spectral components that differentiated controls and cancer patients had 83% sensitivity and 85% specificity. Spectral components (i.e., protein ions) that were the most frequent in such classifiers had approximate m/z values of 2303, 2866 and 3579 Da (a biomarker built from these three components showed 88% sensitivity and 78% specificity). Of note, we did not find a significant correlation between features of serum proteome patterns and established prognostic or predictive factors like tumor size, nodal involvement, histopathological grade, estrogen and progesterone receptor expression. In addition, we observed a significantly (p = 0.0003) increased level of

  14. [The role of nutritional status on serum immunoglobulins, body weight and postoperative infectious-related complications in patients with Crohn's disease receiving perioperative parenteral nutrition].

    PubMed

    Yao, Guo-xiang; Wang, Xiu-rong; Jiang, Zhu-ming; Zhang, Si-yuan; Ma, En-ling; Ni, An-ping

    2002-04-01

    To evaluate the role of nutritional status on serum immunoglobulins, body weight and postoperative infectious-related complications in patients with Crohn's disease receiving perioperative parenteral nutrition (PN). 32 patients with Crohn's disease receiving perioperative parenteral nutrition in our department between 1984 and 1994 were enrolled in this survey. 16 patients with loss of body weight in the range of 15%-30% were assigned to the malnutrition group, the other 16 patients with normal weight or loss of body weight less than 15% to the control group. Serum IgM, IgG and IgA levels were measured before and after PN by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Liver function, body weight changes and postoperative complications were also analyzed. IgM levels were elevated before PN in both groups [control group: (133 +/- 16) mg/dl, malnutrition group: (139 +/- 41) mg/dl; normal value: (110 +/- 35) mg/dl; P = 0.04], decreased to normal value [(105 +/- 29) mg/dl, P = 0.02] in the malnutrition group while having no obvious changes in the control group [(129 +/- 13) mg/dl, P = 0.34]. No significant changes in concentrations of IgG and IgA were found (P in the range of 0.20-0.57). The average weight gain was 1.862 kg in malnutrition group [before PN: (45.8 +/- 8.9) kg, after PN: (48.0 +/- 8.8) kg; P = 0.005] and no significant changes in the control group [before PN: (55.6 +/- 6.1) kg, after PN: (56.3 +/- 6.0) kg; P = 0.46]. There was an increase in infectious complications in the control group (control group: 4 cases, 25%, malnourished group: 2 cases, 12.5%; P = 0.13). Perioperative parenteral nutrition ameliorated the humoral immunity, increased the body weight in patients with obvious malnutrition, whereas it had little value for those without or with mild malnutrition.

  15. Prediction of clinical outcomes for massively-burned patients via serum transthyretin levels in the early postburn period.

    PubMed

    Yang, Hyeong Tae; Yim, Haejun; Cho, Yong Suk; Kim, Dohern; Hur, Jun; Kim, Jong Hyun; Lee, Boung Chul; Seo, Dong Kook; Kim, Hyun Soo; Chun, Wook

    2012-04-01

    We observed that serum transthyretin (TTR) levels consistently remain low when patients' general conditions are poor, despite adequate nutritional support. We conducted this study to analyze the changes of serum TTR over time from injury in massively-burned patients and verify the validity of prediction by clinical outcomes, which are assessed via serum TTR in the early postburn period. From January 2005 to December 2010, the samples of serum TTR from 471 burn patients (mean % total body surface area [TBSA] burned, 51% ± 20%) were analyzed with time frames from injury retrospectively. Serum TTR significantly decreased during the period from day 5 to day 10 postinjury in both the survival group (n = 290, mean %TBSA burned, 42.9% ± 14.2%) and nonsurvival group (n = 181, mean %TBSA burned, 64.6% ± 20.8%). However, after this period, the serum TTR constantly increased in the survival group but remained low in nonsurvivors. At all time, the levels of serum TTR obtained from survivors were significantly higher than those of nonsurvivors. The serum TTR had weak correlation with the extent of the burn injury (r = -0.234). Survival rates of the patients increased significantly by the increase of the serum TTR of early postburn period. In multivariable model, age (odds ratio [OR], 1.054; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.043-1.066; p = 0.000), TBSA burned (OR, 1.058; 95% CI, 1.051-1.066; p = 0.000), sex (OR, 0.720; 95% CI, 0.547-0.947; p = 0.019), and serum TTR during early postburn period (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.873-0.972; p = 0.003) were independently associated with mortality. The serum TTR of early postburn period can be used as a prognostic markers, and low serum TTR can be used as a signal for screening out the patients at risk who need careful assessment and monitoring at an early stage.

  16. Early postoperative systemic inflammatory response is an important determinant for adverse 2-year neurodevelopment-associated outcomes after the Norwood procedure.

    PubMed

    Li, Xiaohui; Robertson, Charlene M T; Yu, Xiaoyang; Cheypesh, Andriy; Dinu, Irina A; Li, Jia

    2014-07-01

    This study investigated the relationship between early postoperative serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, a marker of systemic inflammatory response, and 2-year neurodevelopment-associated outcomes among survivors after undergoing the Norwood procedure. Among 53 neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome undergoing the Norwood procedure during 2003-2009, CRP was measured in 43 patients twice weekly within postoperative day 20. Two-year cognition, language, and motor scores were assessed with Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development III in 26 patients (9 deaths, 2 lost, and 6 assessed with Bayley Scales of Infant Development II). Peak CRP levels of the 26 patients were recorded, with peak total and differential white blood cell counts (lowest lymphocytes) and glucose. Demographic data included age at surgery, socioeconomic status of the families, durations of cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic crossclamp, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, and intensive care unit stay. The cognitive score was 91 ± 13, language score was 86 ± 13, and motor score was 85 ± 17. The peak CRP level was 79 ± 37 mg/L. Univariate regression showed that the cognitive score significantly and negatively correlated with peak CRP level (P = .004), and trended to a negative correlation with age at surgery (P = .097). The language score significantly and negatively correlated with peak CRP level (P < .0001) and age (P = .005). The motor score trended to a negative correlation with age (P = .08). Multivariate regression showed that both cognitive and language scores significantly and negatively correlated only with peak CRP level (P < .01 for both). The magnitude of systemic inflammatory response, among the perioperative factors examined, may be an important determinant for adverse 2-year cognition and language outcomes after the Norwood procedure. Confirmatory studies in larger populations, including those undergoing other types of cardiac surgeries, are

  17. Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy combined with intracavitary brachytherapy in early-stage cervical cancer patients with intermediate risk factors

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Hao; Zhang, Linlin; Du, Xuelian; Sheng, Xiugui

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact of postoperative adjuvant therapy on survival of patients with intermediate risk early-stage cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Methods A total of 133 consecutive patients with intermediate risk early-stage cervical squamous cell carcinoma treated at Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute from February 2010 to March 2014 were enrolled in our study. All patients received adjuvant therapy and were subdivided into three groups: pelvic radiotherapy (RT; N=42), adjuvant chemotherapy + intracavitary radiotherapy (CT+ICRT; N=47), or concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT; N=44). Disease-free survival (DFS) and therapeutic complications were evaluated. Results There were no significant differences in DFS for patients treated with RT, CT+ICRT, and CCRT (P>0.05) with 3-year rates of 94.0%, 93.4%, and 97.6%, respectively. Frequencies of grade III–IV acute toxicities were higher in patients treated with CCRT (34.1%) than those treated with RT (9.5%) or CT+ICRT (16.7%; P<0.05), with no significant differences observed between RT and CT+ICRT groups (P>0.05). Grade I–II late toxicities were higher in CCRT (25%), followed by RT (19.0%), and finally, the CT+ICRT group (4.3%; P<0.05); with no significant differences observed between CCRT and RT groups (P>0.05). Conclusion Treatment with CT+ICRT or RT resulted in the equivalent of 3-year DFS compared to CCRT, but fewer therapeutic complications were observed with CT for patients with intermediate risk early-stage cervical squamous cell carcinoma. PMID:27942225

  18. Early postoperative recovery of idiopathic macular hole in a young adult.

    PubMed

    Gassmann, K; Hasler, P W; Braun, B; Prünte, C

    2008-05-01

    Idiopathic macular holes usually develop in the elderly. We report the case of a spontaneous macular hole in a 23-year-old man. The patient noticed decreased central vision in his left eye since 5 days without any history of trauma or intraocular inflammation. On examination the best corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in the right eye and 20/50 in the left. Fundus biomicroscopy and OCT showed a full-thickness macular hole. Microperimetry demonstrated a scotoma within the macular hole. 2 months later the patient underwent pars plana vitrectomy, ILM-peeling with trypan blue staining and fluid-air exchange followed by face down positioning for 12 h a day for 2 days. On the 4th post-surgical day visual acuity was 20/32 and OCT showed a complete closure of the macular hole. During the further follow-up visual acuity in the left eye improved to 20/20. OCT examination showed a restored foveal depression, and microperimetry demonstrated an increased foveal sensitivity in the area of the previous scotoma. The aetiology of the macular hole in this patient is unclear. It is most likely an idiopathic macular hole in a young person. Post-surgical follow-up OCTs and microperimetry disclosed an early recovery of the foveal anatomy and function.

  19. Impact of subcutaneous infiltration of 0.5% bupivacaine on post-operative C-reactive protein serum titer after craniotomy surgery

    PubMed Central

    Moharari, Reza Shariat; Zade, Saber Amin; Najafi, Atabak; Khajavi, Mohammad Reza; Bidabadi, Mohammad Shirani; Tabriz, Hadieh Moradi

    2013-01-01

    Background Tissue injuries may provoke neuro-hormonal response which in turn may lead to release of inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesize that block of afferent sensory pathways by infiltration of 0.5% bupivacaine in the scalp may decrease neuro-hormonal response in the neurosurgical patient. Methods After obtaining informed consent, forty ASA physical statuses I, II, or III patients between the ages of 18 and 65 years were enrolled randomly into two equal groups to receive either 20 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine (group A) or 20 ml of 0.9% normal saline as a placebo (group B) in the site of pin insertion and scalp incision. As the primary outcome we checked serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels before implementation of noxious stimulus, 24h, and 48h after the end of surgery to compare these values between groups. In addition, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were checked at baseline (after the induction of anesthesia), one minute after pin fixation and 5, 10, and 15 minute after skin incision and the recorded values were compared between groups. Results No significant difference was found between serum CRP levels of the two groups. Comparison of mean HR between groups shows no significant difference. The mean of MAP was significantly lower in the group A in comparison with the group B (p< 0.001). Conclusion The results of this study confirm that 0.5% bupivacaine scalp infiltration before skull-pin holder fixation and skin incision could not decrease post-operative C-reactive protein level. PMID:23483125

  20. Correlation of a novel noninvasive tissue oxygen saturation monitor to serum central venous oxygen saturation in pediatric patients with postoperative congenital cyanotic heart disease.

    PubMed

    Yadlapati, Ajay; Grogan, Tristan; Elashoff, David; Kelly, Robert B

    2013-03-01

    Using a novel noninvasive, visible-light optical diffusion oximeter (T-Stat VLS Tissue Oximeter; Spectros Corporation, Portola Valley, CA) to measure the tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) of the buccal mucosa, the correlation between StOz and central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) was examined in children with congenital cyanotic heart disease undergoing a cardiac surgical procedure. Paired StO2 and serum ScvO2 measurements were obtained postoperatively and statistically analyzed for agreement and association. Thirteen children (nine male) participated in the study (age range, 4 days to 18 months). Surgeries included Glenn shunt procedures, Norwood procedures, unifocalization procedures with Blalock-Taussig shunt placement, a Kawashima/ Glenn shunt procedure, a Blalock-Taussig shunt placement, and a modified Norwood procedure. A total of 45 paired StO2-ScvO2 measurements was obtained. Linear regression demonstrated a Pearson's correlation of .58 (95% confidence interval [CI], .35-.75; p < .0001). The regression slope coefficient estimate was .95 (95% CI, .54-1.36) with an interclass correlation coefficient of .48 (95% CI, .22-.68). Below a clinically relevant average ScvO2 value, a receiver operator characteristic analysis yielded an area under the curve of .78. Statistical methods to control for repeatedly measuring the same subjects produced similar results. This study shows a moderate relationship and agreement between StO2 and ScvO2 measurements in pediatric patients with a history of congenital cyanotic heart disease undergoing a cardiac surgical procedure. This real-time monitoring device can act as a valuable adjunct to standard noninvasive monitoring in which serum SyvO2 sampling currently assists in the diagnosis of low cardiac output after pediatric cardiac surgery.

  1. Serum microRNAs are early indicators of survival after radiation-induced hematopoietic injury

    PubMed Central

    Acharya, Sanket S.; Fendler, Wojciech; Watson, Jacqueline; Hamilton, Abigail; Pan, Yunfeng; Gaudiano, Emily; Moskwa, Patryk; Bhanja, Payel; Saha, Subhrajit; Guha, Chandan; Parmar, Kalindi; Chowdhury, Dipanjan

    2015-01-01

    Accidental radiation exposure is a threat to human health that necessitates effective clinical planning and diagnosis. Minimally invasive biomarkers that can predict long-term radiation injury are urgently needed for optimal management after a radiation accident. We have identified serum microRNA (miRNA) signatures that indicate long-term impact of total body irradiation (TBI) in mice when measured within 24 hours of exposure. Impact of TBI on the hematopoietic system was systematically assessed to determine a correlation of residual hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with increasing doses of radiation. Serum miRNA signatures distinguished untreated mice from animals exposed to radiation and correlated with the impact of radiation on HSCs. Mice exposed to sublethal (6.5 Gy) and lethal (8 Gy) doses of radiation were indistinguishable for 3 to 4 weeks after exposure. A serum miRNA signature detectable 24 hours after radiation exposure consistently segregated these two cohorts. Furthermore, using either a radioprotective agent before, or radiation mitigation after, lethal radiation, we determined that the serum miRNA signature correlated with the impact of radiation on animal health rather than the radiation dose. Last, using humanized mice that had been engrafted with human CD34+ HSCs, we determined that the serum miRNA signature indicated radiation-induced injury to the human bone marrow cells. Our data suggest that serum miRNAs can serve as functional dosimeters of radiation, representing a potential breakthrough in early assessment of radiation-induced hematopoietic damage and timely use of medical countermeasures to mitigate the long-term impact of radiation. PMID:25972001

  2. Early postoperative neuropathic pain assessed by the DN4 score predicts an increased risk of persistent postsurgical neuropathic pain.

    PubMed

    Beloeil, Helene; Sion, Barthelemy; Rousseau, Chloe; Albaladejo, Pierre; Raux, Mathieu; Aubrun, Frederic; Martinez, Valeria

    2017-10-01

    Acute neuropathic pain can occur in the postoperative period but any link with persistent post-surgical neuropathic pain remains unclear. The objectives of this study were to prospectively describe the incidence of acute post-surgical neuropathic pain in a large population using the DN4 (clinician administered) questionnaire and to confirm the hypothetical link between acute and persistent neuropathic pain at 2 months after surgery in a large population using the DN2 (self administered) questionnaire. A multi-centre, prospective and observational trial. Two consecutive days in 27 hospitals in France. Six hundred and eight patients undergoing 13 different types of surgery. Fifteen patients were excluded as data were incomplete, and 229 (38.6%) and 260 (43.8%) were not contactable for assessment at 1 and 2 months after surgery, respectively. Pain was evaluated at least 2 h postoperatively on the same day (D0),on the second day (D2) and at 1 and 2 months after surgery (M1 and M2). Pain was assessed using a 10-point Numeric Rating Scale. If the Numeric Rating Scale score was greater than 0, neuropathic pain was assessed using a DN4 (clinician administered) questionnaire or using a DN2 (self-administered) questionnaire. Acute and persistent postsurgical neuropathic pain (PPSNP) were defined respectively by a DN4 score at least 4/10 on day 0 and/or day 2 and a DN2 score at least 3/7 at 2 months after surgery. Of the 593 patients included, 41.2% were in pain before surgery and 8.2% described neuropathic pain. Early after surgery, the majority of the 593 patients (72.2% on the day of surgery and 71.3% on day 2) experienced acute pain. It was neuropathic in nature in 5.6% of patients (95% CI, 3.6 to 8.3) on the day of surgery and 12.9% (95% CI, 9.7 to 16.7) on day 2. Two months after surgery, PPSNP was present in 33.3% of the 333 patients assessed. Multivariate analysis showed that a DN4 score at least 4/10 on the day of surgery or on day 2 was a significant risk factor

  3. The effect of topical diclofenac on choroidal blood flow in early postoperative pseudophakias with regard to cystoid macular edema formation.

    PubMed

    Miyake, Kensaku; Nishimura, Kazuo; Harino, Seiyo; Ota, Ichiro; Asano, Sayaka; Kondo, Nagako; Miyake, Sampei

    2007-12-01

    To study the chronological change in choroidal blood flow (ChBFlow), disruption of the blood-aqueous barrier, and incidence of cystoid macular edema (CME) in early postoperative pseudophakic eyes, as well as the effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) eye drops on these phenomena. Fifty patients who underwent phacoemulsification and foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were randomized to receive either topical diclofenac or fluorometholone for 5 postoperative weeks. An additional 20 subjects, with long-standing pseudophakia served as the control. The blood-aqueous barrier was examined by laser flarimetry and choroidal blood velocity (ChBVel), volume (ChBVol), and ChBFlow by laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) at 2 days and 1, 2, and 5 weeks after surgery. The incidence and severity of CME were evaluated by fluorescein angiography at 2 and 5 weeks after surgery. Compared with patients taking diclofenac, those receiving fluorometholone showed significantly reduced ChBVol at 2 weeks (0.38 +/- 0.08 vs. 0.32 +/- 0.07, P = 0.022) and ChBFlow at 1 (11.01 +/- 1.74 vs. 9.35 +/- 1.51, P = 0.003) and 2 (11.15 +/- 1.43 vs. 8.47 +/- 1.27, P = 0.000) weeks after surgery, as well as a significantly elevated amount of anterior flare at 1 (8.9 +/- 2.2 vs. 24.4 +/- 18.9, P = 0.001) and 2 (9.2 +/- 3.5 vs. 16.7 +/- 12.3, P = 0.025) weeks after surgery. The ChBVol and ChBFlow in the fluorometholone group, however, returned to normal and was not different from the diclofenac group at 5 weeks after surgery. The incidence of fluorescein angiographic CME trended to be higher (P = 0.08) at 2 weeks and was significantly higher (P = 0.001) at 5 weeks after surgery in eyes with fluoromethalone than with diclofenac. Reduction of ChBFlow, disruption of the blood-aqueous barrier, and incidence of CME in early postsurgical pseudophakic eyes were more effectively prevented chronologically in eyes treated with diclofenac than in those treated with fluorometholone.

  4. [Comparison of dexmedetomidine and propofol for short-term sedation in early postoperative period after cardiac surgery].

    PubMed

    Eremenko, A A; Chemova, E V

    2014-01-01

    To compare the efficacy of Dexmedetomidine and Propofol for short-term controlled sedation and analgesia in the early postoperative period after cardiac surgery. We performed open randomized prospective comparative study in 55 cardiovascular surgery patients. In the early postoperative period 28 patients received infusion of Dexmedetomidine (0.2-0.7 microg/kg per hour) while 27 patients--Propofol (0.3-2(system text of symbol)). Analgesia was carried out with Ketoprofen 100 mg/12h and additional 20 mg of Trimeperidine in case of pain intensity > or = 3 points (5-level verbal pain score). Sedation and agitation level (RASS scale), speed of awakening (Aldrete score), duration of mechanical ventilation and stay in the ICU, need for additional opioid injections, type and frequency of side effects were evaluated. We didn't find any significant differences in the duration of mechanical ventilation or rate of awakening after the end of infusion between the groups. Dexmedetomidine in the majority of cases resulted in mild or moderate sedation, Propofol--in deeper level of sedation. Retrograde amnesia was reached significantly more often (p < 0.05) in Dexmetomedine group. The daily dose of Trimeperidine in Propofol group was significantly higher (8 mg and 18 mg on average, p = 0.02). Differences in side effects between the groups were noted--bradycardia (Dexmetomedine--10 (39%), Propofol--3 (11%), p = 0.004) arterial hypotension (Dexmetomedine--9 (32%), Propofol--15 (59%), p = 0.002) and general malaise (Dexmetomedine--2 (7%), Propofol--6 (24%), p = 0.001). The length of stay in the ICU in Dexmetomedine group was significantly lower (1,1 days vs 2,6 days respectively, p = 0.006). To compare with Propofol Dexmetomedine induces less sedation level and more often provides retrograde amnesia with the same duration of mechanical ventilation and awakening rate. Dexmetomedine provides its own analgesic effect and shortens the length of patient's stay in ICU. Bradycardia was noted

  5. Serum type III procollagen peptide in asbestos workers: an early indicator of pulmonary fibrosis.

    PubMed Central

    Cavalleri, A; Gobba, F; Bacchella, L; Luberto, F; Ziccardi, A

    1988-01-01

    Serum type III procollagen peptide (PIIIP) concentrations were determined in 36 male workers exposed to asbestos fibres in the production of asbestos cement items and in 13 healthy male controls. Mean (SD) PIIIP serum concentrations were 9.3 (1.5) ng/ml (range 7-12) in the controls and 13.7 (3.5)ng/ml (range 7.5-20) in the asbestos workers; the difference was statistically significant (p less than 0.01). The exposed workers were subdivided according to presence or absence of radiological signs of asbestosis and intensity and duration of exposure. PIIIP serum values of workers with asbestos related interstitial fibrosis were the highest of the groups at 14.6 (2.3) ng/ml. In workers with heavy exposure the PIIIP values were significantly related to duration of exposure (r = 0.95; p less than 0.01). PIIIP serum values may be a useful index for the early diagnosis of asbestos induced pulmonary fibrosis and its use should be considered as part of the biological monitoring of exposed workers. PMID:3219307

  6. p16 promoter hypermethylation: A useful serum marker for early detection of gastric cancer

    PubMed Central

    Abbaszadegan, Mohammad Reza; Moaven, Omeed; Sima, Hamid Reza; Ghafarzadegan, Kamran; A'rabi, Azadeh; Forghani, Mohammad Naser; Raziee, Hamid Reza; Mashhadinejad, Ali; Jafarzadeh, Mostafa; Esmaili-Shandiz, Ehsan; Dadkhah, Ezzat

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To determine p16 promoter hypermethylation in gastric tumoral tissue and serum samples, its impact on p16-protein expression, and correlation with clinical and histological features. METHODS: Samples were obtained from 52 histologically confirmed cases of gastric adenocarcinoma. Gastric tissue and serum of 50 age- and sex-matched individuals with normal gastroscopy and biopsy were obtained as control samples. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) was used to evaluate methylation status of p16 promoter. p16-protein expression was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining on paraffin-embedded sections. RESULTS: Methylation was detected in 44.2% (23/52) of tumoral tissues. 60.9% of them were also methylated in serum, i.e., 26.9% of all patients (14/52). Methylation was not detected in tissue and sera of control samples. p16-protein expression was decreased in 61.5% of cases (32/52), and was significantly associated with promoter hypermethylation (P < 0.001). Methylation was significantly more frequent in higher pathological grades (P < 0.05). Methylation was not associated with other clinicopathological features and environmental factors including H pylori infection and smoking. CONCLUSION: p16 promoter hypermethylation is an important event in gastric carcinogenesis. It is the principle mechanism of p16 gene silencing. It is related to malignant tumor behavior. Detection of DNA methylation in serum may be a biomarker for early detection of gastric cancer. PMID:18395906

  7. Monitoring drug-serum protein interactions for early ADME prediction through Surface Plasmon Resonance technology.

    PubMed

    Fabini, Edoardo; Danielson, U Helena

    2017-09-10

    Many molecules fail to reach the market due to poor pharmacokinetic (PK) properties, rendering the potential drug virtually unavailable for the primary target despite efficient administration to the body. PK properties of endogenous and exogenous compounds in mammals are dependent, among other factors, on their ability to interact with serum proteins. The extent of binding can greatly influence their ADME (adsorption, distribution, metabolism and execration) profile. Reliable and cost-effective bioavailability studies, early in the drug discovery process, can lead to an improvement of the success rate for compounds entering clinical trials. Optical biosensors based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) detection emerged as an efficient approach to obtain large amounts of information about the binding of small molecules to serum proteins. Simple, automated and fast assays provide a good throughput, versatility and highly informative data output, rendering the methodology particularly suited for early screening. The ability to provide basic information on PK can be easily coupled to structure-activity relationship analysis. In this review, features of the technology and its employment for the study of serum protein-small molecule interactions are presented and discussed. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Serum-based microRNA signatures in early diagnosis and prognosis prediction of colon cancer.

    PubMed

    Vychytilova-Faltejskova, Petra; Radova, Lenka; Sachlova, Milana; Kosarova, Zdenka; Slaba, Katerina; Fabian, Pavel; Grolich, Tomas; Prochazka, Vladimir; Kala, Zdenek; Svoboda, Marek; Kiss, Igor; Vyzula, Rostislav; Slaby, Ondrej

    2016-10-01

    Early detection of colorectal cancer is the main prerequisite for successful treatment and reduction of mortality. Circulating microRNAs were previously identified as promising diagnostic, prognostic and predictive biomarkers. The purpose of this study was to identify serum microRNAs enabling early diagnosis and prognosis prediction of colon cancer. In total, serum samples from 427 colon cancer patients and 276 healthy donors were included in three-phase biomarker study. Large-scale microRNA expression profiling was performed using Illumina small RNA sequencing. Diagnostic and prognostic potential of identified microRNAs was validated on independent training and validation sets of samples using RT-qPCR. Fifty-four microRNAs were found to be significantly deregulated in serum of colon cancer patients compared to healthy donors (P < 0.01). A diagnostic four-microRNA signature consisting of miR-23a-3p, miR-27a-3p, miR-142-5p and miR-376c-3p was established (AUC = 0.917), distinguishing colon cancer patients from healthy donors with sensitivity of 89% and specificity of 81% (AUC = 0.922). This panel of microRNAs exhibited high diagnostic performance also when analyzed separately in colon cancer patients in early stages of the disease (T1-4N0M0; AUC = 0.877). Further, a prognostic panel based on the expression of miR-23a-3p and miR-376c-3p independent of TNM stage was established (HR 2.30; 95% CI 1.44-3.66; P < 0.0004). In summary, highly sensitive signatures of circulating microRNAs enabling non-invasive early detection and prognosis prediction of colon cancer were identified. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  9. Lymphopenia and Elevated Blood C-Reactive Protein Levels at Four Days Postoperatively Are Useful Markers for Early Detection of Surgical Site Infection Following Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Shigematsu, Hideki; Koizumi, Munehisa; Nakajima, Hiroshi; Okuda, Akinori; Morimoto, Yasuhiko; Masuda, Keisuke; Tanaka, Yasuhito

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Case-control study. Purpose To identify the characteristics of candidate indexes for early detection of surgical site infection (SSI). Overview of Literature SSI is a serious complication of spinal instrumentation surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for the welfare of the patient postoperation. Methods We retrospectively reviewed laboratory data of patients who underwent posterior lumbar instrumentation surgery for degenerative spine disease. The sensitivity and specificity of six laboratory markers for early detection of SSI were calculated: greater elevation of the white blood cell count at day 7 than at day 4 postoperatively, greater elevation of the C-reactive protein (CRP) level at day 7 than at day 4 postoperatively, a CRP level of >10 mg/dL at 4 days postoperatively, neutrophil percentage of >75% at 4 days postoperatively, a lymphocyte percentage of <10% at 4 days postoperatively, and a lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively. Statistical analysis was via Fisher's exact test and a p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results In total, 85 patients were enrolled. Of these, five patients developed deep SSI. The sensitivity and specificity of each index were as follows: index 1, 20.0% and 77.5%; index 2, 20.0% and 83.8%; index 3, 40.0% and 97.5%; index 4, 40.0% and 86.3%; index 5, 0% and 96.3%; and index 6, 80.0% and 80.0%. A significant difference was noted for indexes 3 and 6. Conclusions A CRP level of >10 mg/dL at 4 days postoperatively would be useful for definitive diagnosis of SSI, and a lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively would be a useful screening test for SSI. Although laboratory markers for early detection of SSI have been frequently reported, we believe that it is important to understand the characteristics of each index for a precise diagnosis. PMID:27114760

  10. Limitations of early serum creatinine variations for the assessment of kidney injury in neonates and infants with cardiac surgery.

    PubMed

    Bojan, Mirela; Lopez-Lopez, Vanessa; Pouard, Philippe; Falissard, Bruno; Journois, Didier

    2013-01-01

    Changes in kidney function, as assessed by early and even small variations in serum creatinine (ΔsCr), affect survival in adults following cardiac surgery but such associations have not been reported in infants. This raises the question of the adequate assessment of kidney function by early ΔsCr in infants undergoing cardiac surgery. The ability of ΔsCr within 2 days of surgery to assess the severity of kidney injury, accounted for by the risk of 30-day mortality, was explored retrospectively in 1019 consecutive neonates and infants. Patients aged ≤ 10 days were analyzed separately because of the physiological improvement in glomerular filtration early after birth. The Kml algorithm, an implementation of k-means for longitudinal data, was used to describe creatinine kinetics, and the receiver operating characteristic and the reclassification methodology to assess discrimination and the predictive ability of the risk of death. Three clusters of ΔsCr were identified: in 50% of all patients creatinine decreased, in 41.4% it increased slightly, and in 8.6% it rose abruptly. Mortality rates were not significantly different between the first and second clusters, 1.6% [0.0-4.1] vs 5.9% [1.9-10.9], respectively, in patients aged ≤ 10 days, and 1.6% [0.5-3.0] vs 3.8% [1.9-6.0] in older ones. Mortality rates were significantly higher when creatinine rose abruptly, 30.3% [15.1-46.2] in patients aged ≤ 10 days, and 15.1% [5.9-25.5] in older ones. However, only 41.3% of all patients who died had an abrupt increase in creatinine. ΔsCr improved prediction in survivors, but not in patients who died, and did not improve discrimination over a clinical mortality model. The present results suggest that a postoperative decrease in creatinine represents the normal course in neonates and infants with cardiac surgery, and that early creatinine variations lack sensitivity for the assessment of the severity of kidney injury.

  11. Serum microRNA expression patterns that predict early treatment failure in prostate cancer patients

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Prashant K.; Preus, Leah; Hu, Qiang; Yan, Li; Long, Mark D.; Morrison, Carl D.; Nesline, Mary; Johnson, Candace S.; Koochekpour, Shahriar; Kohli, Manish; Liu, Song; Trump, Donald L.

    2014-01-01

    We aimed to identify microRNA (miRNA) expression patterns in the serum of prostate cancer (CaP) patients that predict the risk of early treatment failure following radical prostatectomy (RP). Microarray and Q-RT-PCR analyses identified 43 miRNAs as differentiating disease stages within 14 prostate cell lines and reflectedpublically available patient data. 34 of these miRNA were detectable in the serum of CaP patients. Association with time to biochemical progression was examined in a cohort of CaP patients following RP. A greater than two-fold increase in hazard of biochemical progression associated with altered expression of miR-103, miR-125b and miR-222 (p <.0008) in the serum of CaP patients. Prediction models based on penalized regression analyses showed that the levels of the miRNAs and PSA together were better at detecting false positives than models without miRNAs, for similar level of sensitivity. Analyses of publically available data revealed significant and reciprocal relationships between changes in CpG methylation and miRNA expression patterns suggesting a role for CpG methylation to regulate miRNA. Exploratory validation supported roles for miR-222 and miR-125b to predict progression risk in CaP. The current study established that expression patterns of serum-detectable miRNAs taken at the time of RP are prognostic for men who are at risk of experiencing subsequent early biochemical progression. These non-invasive approaches could be used to augment treatment decisions. PMID:24583788

  12. Serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels were reduced during methamphetamine early withdrawal.

    PubMed

    Chen, Pao-Huan; Huang, Ming-Chi; Lai, Ying-Ching; Chen, Po-Yu; Liu, Hsing-Cheng

    2014-05-01

    Methamphetamine (METH) abuse is an increasing public health problem worldwide. Many of the METH-induced physical and mental problems are associated with the neurotoxic effects of METH. Animal studies have shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) decreased after repeated amphetamine administration and increased at 30 and 90 days from psychostimulant withdrawal, suggesting that there might be a psychostimulant-induced neuroprotective dysfunction followed by a neuroadaptive process in the brain. However, current research on the role of BDNF in human METH addiction is limited, particularly during early withdrawal. The aim of this study was to assess the serum BDNF levels in METH abusers during the early withdrawal stage. Two groups of subjects were enrolled: (1) 59 DSM-IV METH abusers confirmed by board-certified psychiatrists during the first 3 weeks of withdrawal; (2) 59 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. We found that serum BDNF levels were significantly and constantly lower in the METH abusers during early withdrawal than those of the healthy controls. This indicates that METH abusers might have severe BDNF dysfunction and an impaired neuroprotective function after repetitive METH misuse. © 2012 The Authors, Addiction Biology © 2012 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  13. Early pregnancy serum neopterin concentrations predict spontaneous preterm birth in asymptomatic pregnant women.

    PubMed

    Navolan, Dan Bogdan; Vladareanu, Simona; Lahdou, Imad; Ciohat, Ioana; Kleist, Christian; Grigoras, Dorin; Vladareanu, Radu; Terness, Peter; Sas, Ioan

    2016-07-01

    To investigate if early pregnancy serum neopterin concentrations (EPSN) could predict spontaneous preterm birth (SPB). EPSN was measured in 92 sera collected from 46 pregnant women with birth at term and 40 sera from 20 pregnant women with preterm birth. Two sera were collected for each case: in the first and early second trimester. EPSN concentrations correlate with gestational age (ρ=0.275, P=0.001), a correlation which was present in both groups: term and preterm birth. EPSN were higher in pregnancies with SPB compared with normal pregnancies (6.27±1.03 vs. 6.04±0.15, P=0.039). Patients with SPB showed a considerable increase of EPSN in the second trimester compared with patients with birth at term (7.30±1.53 vs. 6.16±0.23, P=0.043). A sharper increase was found in the group with SPB before 32 weeks of pregnancy (wp) (9.83±4.36 vs. 6.16±0.23, P=0.016). Pregnant women with an early second trimester serum neopterin value of above 8 nmol/L are associated with a risk of SPB before 32 wp (odds ratio=14.4, P=0.01) and of SPB before 34 wp (odds ratio=3.6, P=0.05), respectively. EPSN increases with the gestational age and predicts SPB in asymptomatic pregnant women.

  14. Screening and validation of serum protein biomarkers for early postmenopausal osteoporosis diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Wang, Long; Hu, Ya-Qian; Zhao, Zhuo-Jie; Zhang, Hong-Yang; Gao, Bo; Lu, Wei-Guang; Xu, Xiao-Long; Lin, Xi-Sheng; Wang, Jin-Peng; Jie, Qiang; Luo, Zhuo-Jing; Yang, Liu

    2017-09-26

    Postmenopausal osteoporosis is one of the most prominent worldwide public health problems and the morbidity is increasing with the aging population. It has been demonstrated that early diagnosis and intervention delay the disease progression and improve the outcome. Therefore, searching for biomarkers that are able to identify postmenopausal women at high risk for developing osteoporosis is an effective way to improve the quality of life of patients, and alleviate social and economic burdens. In the present study, a protein array was used to identify potential biomarkers. The bone mineral densities of 10 rats were dynamically measured in an ovariectomized model by micro‑computed tomography assessment, and the early stage of osteoporosis was defined. Through the protein array‑based screening, the expression levels of six serum protein biomarkers in ovariectomized rats were observed to alter at the initiation stage of the postmenopausal osteoporosis. Fractalkine, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases‑1 and monocyte chemotactic protein‑1 were finally demonstrated to be increased in the serum of eight enrolled postmenopausal osteoporosis patients using ELISA assay and were correlated with the severity of progressive bone loss. These biomarkers may be explored as potential early biomarkers to readily evaluate and diagnose postmenopausal osteoporosis in the clinic.

  15. Early postoperative patient-controlled analgesia ratio predicts 24-hour morphine consumption and pain in children undergoing scoliosis surgery.

    PubMed

    Matava, Clyde T; Crawford, Mark W; Pehora, Carolyne; Naser, Basem; McDonnell, Conor

    2014-01-01

    The identification of patients at risk for developing severe postoperative pain and/or opioid-related side effects is difficult due to a lack of sensitive indicators. The patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) ratio of demands to deliveries is a potential tool for early identification of patients who experience severe postoperative pain. The authors hypothesized that the PCA ratio is able to predict morphine requirement in the first 24 hours after scoliosis surgery. The authors performed a retrospective study of adolescents who had surgery for idiopathic scoliosis. They collected data describing PCA demands and deliveries, morphine consumption, numerical rating scale (NRS) pain scores, opioid related side effects, and duration of hospital stay. Spearman rank analysis assessed association among 4-hour PCA ratios, NRS pain score, and 24-hour morphine consumption. Patients were divided into groups on the basis of PCA ratios <1.5 and ≥1.5. Univariate analysis and multiple regression were used to identify independent factors predictive for increased 24-hour morphine. Mann-Whitney rank-sum and Fisher exact tests were used to compare data. p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. One hundred forty-seven patients were included in the analysis, mean (SD) age and weight were 15 (1.8) years and 55 (27) kg, respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between the 4-hour PCA ratio and initial 24-hour cumulative morphine consumption (r = 0.33, p = 0.0002). Patients with a 4-hour PCA ratio ≥1.5 demonstrated a significantly greater initial 24-hour morphine consumption (p = 0.0002), greater pain scores at 24 hours after surgery (p = 0.02), a greater incidence of at least one opioid-related side effect within the initial 24 hours after surgery, and a longer duration of hospital stay (p = 0.04) compared with those patients with a 4-hour PCA ratio <1.5. PCA ratio ≥1.5, age, and patient sex were predictive for 24-hour morphine consumption. The authors have

  16. Serum alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin are early surrogate markers for ischemic cholangiopathy and graft failure in liver transplantation from donation after circulatory death.

    PubMed

    Halldorson, J B; Rayhill, S; Bakthavatsalam, R; Montenovo, M; Dick, A; Perkins, J; Reyes, J

    2015-03-01

    Liver transplantation with the use of donation after circulatory death (DCD) is associated with ischemic cholangiopathy (IC) often leading to graft loss. We hypothesized that serial postoperative analysis of alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin might identify patients who would later on develop ischemic cholangiopathy and/or graft loss, allowing early recognition and potentially retransplantation. The University of Washington DCD experience totals 89 DCD liver transplantations performed from 2003 to 2011 with Kaplan-Meier estimated 5-year patient and graft survival rates of 81.6% and 75.6%, respectively; 84/89 patients transplanted with DCD livers lived ≥ 60 days after transplantation and were analyzed. Serum bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase levels at 1 week, 2 week, 1 month, and 2 months after transplantation were analyzed. Two-month serum bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase proved to have the strongest associations with development of IC and graft failure. Two-month alkaline phosphatase of <100 U/L had a negative predictive value of 97% for development of IC. Two-month alkaline phosphatase demonstrated an inflection starting at >300 U/L strongly associated with development of IC (P < .0001). Serum bilirubin at 2 months was most strongly associated with graft failure within the 1st year with a strong inflection point at 2.5 mg/dL (P = .0001). All jaundiced recipients at 60 days after transplantation (bilirubin >2.5 mg/dL) developed graft failure within the 1st year (P < .0001). Use of these early surrogate markers could facilitate prioritization and early retransplantation for DCD liver recipients with allografts destined for failure.

  17. Early postictal serum lactate concentrations are superior to serum creatine kinase concentrations in distinguishing generalized tonic-clonic seizures from syncopes.

    PubMed

    Matz, Oliver; Heckelmann, Jan; Zechbauer, Sebastian; Litmathe, Jens; Brokmann, Jörg C; Willmes, Klaus; Schulz, Jörg B; Dafotakis, Manuel

    2017-09-12

    Concentrations of serum creatine kinase (CK) and serum lactate are frequently measured to help differentiate between generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) and syncope. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to systematically compare these two markers. The primary outcome is the measurement of serum lactate and CK in blood samples drawn within 2 h of the event in patients admitted with either a GTCS (n = 49) or a syncope (n = 36). Furthermore, the specificity and sensitivity of serum lactate and CK are determined as diagnostic markers in distinguishing between GTCS and syncope. GTCS patients have significantly higher serum lactate levels compared to syncope patients (p < 0.001). In contrast, CK does not differ between groups at admission. Regarding the first hour after the seizure, we identify a cut-off for serum lactate of 2.45 mmol/l for diagnosing GTCS as the cause of an impairment of consciousness with a sensitivity of 0.94 and a specificity of 0.93 (AUC: 0.97; 95% CI 0.94-1.0). In the second hour after the event, the ROC analysis yields similar results (AUC: 0.94; 95% CI 0.85-1.0). Serum lactate is a sensitive and specific diagnostic marker to discriminate GTCS from syncope and is superior to CK early after admission to the emergency department.

  18. Tapered-cuff Endotracheal Tube Does Not Prevent Early Postoperative Pneumonia Compared with Spherical-cuff Endotracheal Tube after Major Vascular Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    Monsel, Antoine; Lu, Qin; Le Corre, Marine; Brisson, Hélène; Arbelot, Charlotte; Vezinet, Corinne; Fléron, Marie-Hélène; Ibanez-Estève, Christina; Zerimech, Farid; Balduyck, Malika; Dexheimer, Felippe; Wang, Chunyao; Langeron, Olivier; Rouby, Jean-Jacques; Bodin, Liliane; Deransy, Romain; Garçon, Pierre; Douiri, Hatem; Khalifa, Ismael; Pons, Antoine; Gu, Wen-Jie; Koskas, Fabien; Gaudric, Julien

    2016-05-01

    Patients undergoing major vascular surgery often develop postoperative pneumonia that impacts their outcomes. Conflicting data exist concerning the potential benefit of tapered-shaped cuffs on tracheal sealing. The primary objective of this study was to assess the efficiency of a polyvinyl chloride tapered-cuff endotracheal tube at reducing the postoperative pneumonia rate after major vascular surgery. Secondary objectives were to determine its impact on microaspiration, ventilator-associated pneumonia rate, and inner cuff pressure. This prospective randomized controlled study included 109 patients who were randomly assigned to receive either spherical- (standard cuff) or taper-shaped (tapered cuff) endotracheal tubes inserted after anesthesia induction and then admitted to the intensive care unit after major vascular surgery. Cuff pressure was continuously recorded over 5 h. Pepsin and α-amylase concentrations in tracheal aspirates were quantified on postoperative days 1 and 2. The primary outcome was the early postoperative pneumonia frequency. Comparing the tapered-cuff with standard-cuff group, respectively, postoperative pneumonia rates were comparable (42 vs. 44%, P = 0.87) and the percentage (interquartile range) of cuff-pressure time with overinflation was significantly higher (16.1% [1.5 to 50] vs. 0.6% [0 to 8.3], P = 0.01), with a 2.5-fold higher coefficient of variation (20.2 [10.6 to 29.4] vs. 7.6 [6.2 to 10.2], P < 0.001). Although microaspiration frequencies were high, they did not differ between groups. For major vascular surgery patients, polyvinyl chloride tapered-cuff endotracheal tubes with intermittent cuff-pressure control did not lower the early postoperative pneumonia frequency and did not prevent microaspiration.

  19. Effects of tolvaptan in the early postoperative stage after heart valve surgery: results of the STAR (Study of Tolvaptan for fluid retention AfteR valve surgery) trial.

    PubMed

    Nishi, Hiroyuki; Toda, Koichi; Miyagawa, Shigeru; Yoshikawa, Yasushi; Fukushima, Satsuki; Kawamura, Masashi; Yoshioka, Daisuke; Saito, Tetsuya; Ueno, Takayoshi; Kuratani, Toru; Sawa, Yoshiki

    2015-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of tolvaptan, a vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist, for the management of postoperative surgical fluid retention after heart valve surgery. This was a prospective observational study of 64 patients with heart valve disease who underwent valve surgery between 2013 and 2014. Those in the tolvaptan group received tolvaptan in addition to conventional diuretic therapy. The results were compared to the results of 55 patients who underwent heart valve surgery between 2007 and 2010 and received conventional postoperative diuretics alone. The time to return to the preoperative BW was significantly shorter in the patients who received tolvaptan (6.1 ± 3.8 vs. 8.7 ± 6.7 days, p < 0.05), while the level of sodium was significantly decreased in the patients who received conventional diuretics. The degree of increase in the creatinine level tended to be smaller in the tolvaptan group. The response to tolvaptan was related to the postoperative degree of BW increase and the preoperative creatinine level. Tolvaptan was effective in treating fluid retention during the early postoperative stage in cardiac surgery patients, without increased renal failure or abnormal electrolyte levels. This new type of diuretic therapy may be a suitable option for postoperative fluid management in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

  20. To autotransplant simultaneously or not -- can intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring reliably predict early postoperative parathyroid hormone levels after total parathyroidectomy for hyperplasia?

    PubMed

    Müller-Stich, Beat P; Brändle, Michael; Binet, Isabelle; Warschkow, Rene; Lange, Jochen; Clerici, Thomas

    2007-07-01

    Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring is well-established in operation for primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). In diseases where total parathyroidectomy (tPx) is a treatment option its reliability to predict postoperative residual parathyroid hormone (PTH) remains in question. Thirty-eight consecutive patients with tPx due to secondary autonomous renal (26 patients), familial (8 patients), or lithium-induced (4 patients) HPT were analyzed retrospectively for the relationship between IOPTH and postoperative PTH. Three concepts were tested to predict a postoperative PTH below the normal range: a mandatory intraoperative decline of PTH less than 50% and 90% of the baseline value as well as an intraoperative decline below a threshold of 100 pg/ml 10 minutes after tPx. There was no significant correlation between IOPTH decline and postoperative PTH (R = .265; P = .108). In patients with a 4-gland resection (n = 34) the positive predictive value was 62.5% and the sensitivity was 90.9% for the '50% concept.' The corresponding values were 68.8% and 50.0% for the '90% concept,' and 81.8% and 81.8% for the '100 pg/ml concept.' The decision for simultaneous autotransplantation after tPx can not be based on IOPTH monitoring, because the reliability in prediction of early postoperative PTH status is insufficient.

  1. Predictive Impact for Postoperative Recurrence of Preoperative Serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 Concentration in Pathologic Stage IA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

    PubMed

    Shoji, Fumihiro; Yamazaki, Koji; Kouso, Hidenori; Mori, Ryo; Takeo, Sadanori

    2016-05-01

    Although stage IA non-small cell lung cancer has an optimistic survival rate, up to 10% of these patients relapse after surgical procedures and die. We retrospectively analyzed clinicopathologic features of patients with stage IA non-small cell lung cancer to identify recurrence predictors and to investigate effects of preoperative serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 (PS-KL-6) concentrations. We selected 204 consecutive patients with stage IA non-small cell lung cancer treated from December 2003 to December 2009 for this study and tested their PS-KL-6 concentrations in univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses of recurrence-free survival (RFS). High PS-KL-6 concentration (PS-KL6(High)) was significantly associated with sex (p = 0.0006), smoking status (p = 0.0438), histology (p = 0.0049), and postoperative recurrence (p = 0.0058). Both intratumoral blood vessel invasion (p = 0.0345) and PS-KL6(High) (p = 0.0021) were identified as independent predictors of shorter RFS. Relative risk of patients with PS-KL6(High) was 3.478 compared with patients with low PS-KL-6 concentration (PS-KL6(Low); 95% confidence interval: 1.576 to 8.013). Among patients with tumors larger than 2 cm (T1b), the PS-KL6(High) group had significantly shorter RFS than the PS-KL6(Low) group (p = 0.0040). PS-KL-6 concentration is a simple and novel predictor of recurrence in patients with stage IA non-small cell lung cancer and might help to identify patients who will need more careful follow-up among T1bN0M0 series. Copyright © 2016 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. The development of a small bowel volvulus in the early postoperative period following a distal gastrectomy: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Sakamoto, T; Miyata, M; Nakamuro, M; Izukura, M; Kamiike, W; Matsuda, H

    1994-01-01

    A 51-year-old Japanese man who underwent a standard distal gastrectomy for cancer of the stomach developed abdominal pain when oral intake was commenced on the 6th postoperative day after an uneventful postoperative course. Complete obstruction of the jejunum led to a sudden deterioration in his general condition and a laparotomy was performed, revealing counterclockwise rotation of the mesenterium. The necrotic portion of the small intestine was removed, while 10 cm of the upper jejunum and 100 cm of the terminal ileum were preserved. His second postoperative course was uneventful apart from the development of "intestinal hurry," which is now under medical control 9 months after his second laparotomy.

  3. Relationship between sentinel lymph nodes and postoperative tangential fields in early breast cancer, evaluated using SPECT/CT

    PubMed Central

    Wadasaki, Koichi; Nishibuchi, Ikuno

    2015-01-01

    Single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) demonstrates the precise location of the sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in patients with breast cancer. We evaluated the relationship between SLNs and postoperative tangential fields by using SPECT/CT images. Subjects included 72 patients with early breast cancer who underwent SPECT/CT of the SLNs and received whole-breast irradiation with tangential fields after partial mastectomy. The SLN locations evaluated by using SPECT/CT images were entered into the treatment-planning CT image with a 5-mm-diameter sphere. A 15-mm-diameter sphere including the 5-mm treatment margin around the SLNs was defined as PTV-SLN. The PTV-SLN doses with tangential irradiation were evaluated and expressed as the percentage of the prescribed dose. In 69 patients, SLNs were detected by using SPECT/CT; 68 SLNs were located at axillary lymph node Level I, and one was located at Level II. A total of 62 SLNs (90%) were determined to be located inside the tangential fields on the digitally reconstructed radiography (DRR) images. The median doses of SLN center, mean PTV-SLN dose, and PTV-SLN D95 (the minimum dose delivered to 95% of the volume) were 94.1% (range, 15.3–101.9%), 93.7% (range, 29.3–104.0%) and 84.8% (range, 6.8–99.8%). The D95 for the SLNs with treatment margins were ≤90% of the prescribed doses in more than half of the cases. Modification of the individual treatment fields seemed to be necessary to ensure coverage of the SLNs in whole-breast irradiation. PMID:26062810

  4. Serum Uromodulin Levels in Prediction of Acute Kidney Injury in the Early Phase of Acute Pancreatitis.

    PubMed

    Kuśnierz-Cabala, Beata; Gala-Błądzińska, Agnieszka; Mazur-Laskowska, Małgorzata; Dumnicka, Paulina; Sporek, Mateusz; Matuszyk, Aleksandra; Gil, Krzysztof; Ceranowicz, Piotr; Walocha, Jerzy; Kucharz, Jakub; Pędziwiatr, Michał; Bartuś, Krzysztof; Trąbka, Rafał; Kuźniewski, Marek

    2017-06-14

    In health, uromodulin is the main protein of urine. Serum uromodulin concentrations (sUMOD) have been shown to correlate with kidney function. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is among the main complications of severe acute pancreatitis (AP). No reports exist on sUMOD in patients with AP, including the diagnostic usefulness for early prediction of AP severity. We measured sUMOD during first 72 h of AP. Sixty-six adult patients with AP were recruited at the surgical ward of the District Hospital in Sucha Beskidzka, Poland. AP was diagnosed according to the Revised Atlanta Classification. Blood samples were collected at 24, 48 and 72 h of AP, and sUMOD concentrations were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent test. sUMOD decreased non-significantly during the study. Patients with severe AP had non-significantly lower sUMOD concentrations than those with mild disease. Significant positive correlation was observed between sUMOD and estimated glomerular filtration rate on each day of the study and negative correlations were shown between sUMOD and age, serum creatinine, cystatin C and urea. Patients with AKI tended to have lower sUMOD. Although sUMOD correlated significantly with kidney function in the early phase of AP, measuring sUMOD did not allow to reliably predict AP severity or development of AKI.

  5. [Use early morning serum cortisollevel to evaluate the effect of Cushing's disease after transsphenoidal surgery].

    PubMed

    Feng, M; Lu, L; Bao, X J; Liu, X H; Deng, K; Dai, C X; Xing, B; Lian, W; Wei, J J; Yao, Y; Zhu, H J; Wang, R Z

    2016-08-16

    To predict the therapeutic effect of Cushing's disease after transsphenoidal surgery by using morning serum cortisol level. The clinical data of 275 cases that had transsphenoidal surgery in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2010 to 2014 were analyzed retrospectively.Early morning serum cortisol level less than 140 nmol/L 3 days postoperation was usedto predict endocrinological remission. And long-term efficacy was evaluated by follow-up. Of the 275 patients, there were 49 males and 226 females; average age was 36.5 years old.Remission wasconfirmed in 201 cases, the remission rate was 73.1%, and 8 cases recurrent duringfollow-up.There were 17 macroadenomas, theremission rate was 47.1%; 258 microadenomas and MRI negative adenomas, the remission rate was 74.8%.And 43 recurrent cases had reoperations; the remission rate was 46.5%. Early morningserum cortisol 3 days post operation can evaluate the effectof transsphenoidal surgery, but even if the level of cortisol is less than 140 nmol/L, there is still tumor recurrence.Patients should be follow-up for a lifetime.

  6. Serum biomarker screening for the diagnosis of early gastric cancer using SELDI-TOF-MS.

    PubMed

    Li, Ping; Zhang, Dianliang; Guo, Chunbao

    2012-06-01

    In this study, we performed a proteomic analysis of sera from stage I gastric cancer patients using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) and established a diagnostic model for the early diagnosis of stage I gastric cancer. Serum samples from 169 gastric cancer patients and 83 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals were analyzed by SELDI-TOF-MS ProteinChip array technology. The SELDI-TOF-MS spectral data were analyzed using the Biomarker Wizard™ and Biomarker Patterns™ software to find differential proteins and develop a classification tree for gastric cancer. A total of 34 mass peaks were identified. Six peaks at a mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of 2873, 3163, 4526, 5762, 6121 and 7778 were used to construct the diagnostic model. The model effectively distinguished gastric cancer samples from control samples, achieving a sensitivity and specificity of 93.49 and 91.57%, respectively. In addition, we identified 3 of the 6 protein peaks at 2873, 6121 and 7778 m/z, which distinguished between stage I and stage II/III/IV gastric cancer. The model had an accuracy of 88.89% for the identification of stage I gastric cancer. In conclusion, the diagnostic model for the detection of serum proteins by SELDI-TOF-MS ProteinChip array technology correctly distinguishes gastric cancer from healthy samples, and has the ability to screen and distinguish between early gastric cancer from advanced gastric cancer.

  7. Effects of early enteral micro-feeding on neonatal serum Vitamin D levels

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Liang; Yin, Xiangdang; Chu, Haifeng; Zheng, Guangli

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effects of early enteral micro-feeding on neonatal serum vitamin D levels, and to analyze the application value of glutamine. Methods: One hundred ninty neonates enrolled in intensive care unit were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group (n=95) that were both given enteral and parenteral nutrition support. Meanwhile, the treatment group was fed formula milk containing 0.3 g/(kg·d) glutamine as enteral nutrition support for 14 days. Results: The weight of the treatment group increased significantly faster than that of the control group did (P<0.05). The treatment group had significantly higher milk amount and calorie intake than those of the control group (P<0.05), and neonates in the treatment group who reached calorie intake of 50/80/100 kcal/kg/d were significantly younger (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the treatment group was significantly less prone to feeding intolerance than the control group (P<0.05). After 14 days of feeding, the serum motilin, gastrin and vitamin D levels of both groups all increased, with significant intra-group and inter-group differences. Such levels of the treatment group significantly exceeded those of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Supplementing early enteral micro-feeding with glutamine promoted the absorption of neonatal routine nutrients and vitamin D, obviously regulated gastrointestinal hormones, and elevated weight as a result. PMID:26870119

  8. Association between serum cholesterol and eating behaviours during early childhood: a cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    Persaud, Navindra; Maguire, Jonathon L.; Lebovic, Gerald; Carsley, Sarah; Khovratovich, Marina; Randall Simpson, Janis A.; McCrindle, Brian W.; Parkin, Patricia C.; Birken, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    Background: Modifiable behaviours during early childhood may provide opportunities to prevent disease processes before adverse outcomes occur. Our objective was to determine whether young children’s eating behaviours were associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in later life. Methods: In this cross-sectional study involving children aged 3–5 years recruited from 7 primary care practices in Toronto, Ontario, we assessed the relation between eating behaviours as assessed by the NutriSTEP (Nutritional Screening Tool for Every Preschooler) questionnaire (completed by parents) and serum levels of non–high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, a surrogate marker of cardiovascular risk. We also assessed the relation between dietary intake and serum non-HDL cholesterol, and between eating behaviours and other laboratory indices of cardiovascular risk (low-density lipoprotein [LDL] cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, HDL cholesterol and apoliprotein A1). Results: A total of 1856 children were recruited from primary care practices in Toronto. Of these children, we included 1076 in our study for whom complete data and blood samples were available for analysis. The eating behaviours subscore of the NutriSTEP tool was significantly associated with serum non-HDL cholesterol (p = 0.03); for each unit increase in the eating behaviours subscore suggesting greater nutritional risk, we saw an increase of 0.02 mmol/L (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.002 to 0.05) in serum non-HDL cholesterol. The eating behaviours subscore was also associated with LDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B, but not with HDL cholesterol or apolipoprotein A1. The dietary intake subscore was not associated with non-HDL cholesterol. Interpretation: Eating behaviours in preschool-aged children are important potentially modifiable determinants of cardiovascular risk and should be a focus for future studies of screening and behavioural interventions. PMID:23775611

  9. Association between serum cholesterol and eating behaviours during early childhood: a cross-sectional study.

    PubMed

    Persaud, Navindra; Maguire, Jonathon L; Lebovic, Gerald; Carsley, Sarah; Khovratovich, Marina; Randall Simpson, Janis A; McCrindle, Brian W; Parkin, Patricia C; Birken, Catherine

    2013-08-06

    Modifiable behaviours during early childhood may provide opportunities to prevent disease processes before adverse outcomes occur. Our objective was to determine whether young children's eating behaviours were associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in later life. In this cross-sectional study involving children aged 3-5 years recruited from 7 primary care practices in Toronto, Ontario, we assessed the relation between eating behaviours as assessed by the NutriSTEP (Nutritional Screening Tool for Every Preschooler) questionnaire (completed by parents) and serum levels of non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, a surrogate marker of cardiovascular risk. We also assessed the relation between dietary intake and serum non-HDL cholesterol, and between eating behaviours and other laboratory indices of cardiovascular risk (low-density lipoprotein [LDL] cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, HDL cholesterol and apoliprotein A1). A total of 1856 children were recruited from primary care practices in Toronto. Of these children, we included 1076 in our study for whom complete data and blood samples were available for analysis. The eating behaviours subscore of the NutriSTEP tool was significantly associated with serum non-HDL cholesterol (p = 0.03); for each unit increase in the eating behaviours subscore suggesting greater nutritional risk, we saw an increase of 0.02 mmol/L (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.002 to 0.05) in serum non-HDL cholesterol. The eating behaviours subscore was also associated with LDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B, but not with HDL cholesterol or apolipoprotein A1. The dietary intake subscore was not associated with non-HDL cholesterol. Eating behaviours in preschool-aged children are important potentially modifiable determinants of cardiovascular risk and should be a focus for future studies of screening and behavioural interventions.

  10. TNF-α concentrations in pre-operative synovial fluid for predicting early post-operative function and pain after fast-track total knee arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Zietek, Pawel; Dziedziejko, Violetta; Safranow, Krzysztof; Zietek, Joanna; Stępień-Słodkowska, Marta; Bialecka, Monika; Zietek, Maciej; Kotrych, Daniel; Kamiński, Adam; Kowalska, Aleksandra

    2016-12-01

    Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) helps regulate neuroinflammation and anxiety and could conceivable predict early post-operative pain and function after fast-track total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In patients with severe osteoarthritic knees undergoing TKA, we assessed: the correlations between pre-operative concentrations of TNF-α in synovial fluid; pre- and six-week post-operative knee function and pain; pre- and post-operative anxiety; pre- and post-operative synovial fluid concentrations of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP); age and body mass index (BMI). Of 100 enrolled patients, 78 had evaluable TNF-α data, and 58 had evaluable COMP data. Pre-operative TNF-α concentrations were inversely correlated with post-operative pain scores during walking (rS=-0.26, P=0.03) and with change of pain at rest during six weeks after TKA (rs=-0.28, P=0.03) and were directly correlated with a higher post-operative Knee Society score (KSS) (rS=0.43, P<0.001) and with greater increases in this score during six weeks after TKA (rS=0.33, P=0.001). Mean TNF-α concentrations were higher in the 39 patients reporting any pre-operative pain at rest than in 36 patients reporting no pre-operative pain (P=0.015) and were the only independent predictor of pre-operative pain at rest (OR=13, P=0.02). Independent predictors of better post-operative knee function were higher log-transformed TNF-α concentrations (β=0.38, P=0.002) and male sex (β=0.28, P=0.02). High levels of pre-operative TNF-α concentrations could be used as an independent predictor of better knee function at six weeks of follow-up. In patients with lower pre-operative TNF-α concentrations, post-operative pain management may improve the early outcome of the operated joint. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Early Postoperative Results and Complications of using the EX-PRESS Shunt in uncontrolled Uveitic Glaucoma: A Case Series of Preliminary Results.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jacky Wy; Chan, Jonathan Ch; Qing, Li; Lai, Jimmy Sm

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this case series is to describe the efficacy of the EX-PRESS shunt in uveitic glaucoma. This prospective case series sequentially recruited uveitic glaucoma subjects with intraocular pressure (IOP) > 21 mm Hg despite maximal topical antiglaucoma medications from July 2012 to July 2013 in Hong Kong. All subjects received a trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC) and EX-PRESS shunt implantation. The primary outcome measures included preope-rative IOP and postoperative IOP on day 1, 1 week, 1 month, and every 3 months thereafter. The secondary outcome measures included postoperative complications and follow-up procedures, pre- and postoperative Snellen best corrected visual acuity and cup-disc ratio, as well as the number of antiglaucoma medication required. In a case series of five subjects with uncontrolled uveitic glaucoma, two had inactive anterior uveitis, and three had active panuveitis. The mean preoperative IOP was 35.4 ± 12.6 mm Hg on 3.8 ± 0.5 antiglaucoma eye drops. The mean day 1, 1 week and 1 month IOP's were 6.6 ± 3.7 mm Hg, 7.2 ± 3.2 mm Hg, and 12.6 ± 8.2 mm Hg, respectively. One case required subconjunctival MMC injections postoperatively; two required conjunctival resuture for leakage; and two had early postoperative hypotony that resolved after oral prednisolone. At 6 months, the mean IOP was 13.2 ± 4.6 mm Hg. Four out of five subjects had IOP < 21 mm Hg without medication, and all had IOP < 21 mm Hg with antiglaucoma medication. The EX-PRESS shunt demonstrates good IOP control with a propensity for hypotony in the early postoperative period in this small uveitic glaucoma series. How to cite this article: Lee JWY, Chan JCH, Qing L, Lai JSM. Early Postoperative RESULTS and Complications of using the EXPRESS Shunt in uncontrolled Uveitic Glaucoma: A Case Series of Preliminary RESULTS. J Current Glau Prac 2014;8(1):20-24.

  12. The Serum Glycome to Discriminate between Early-Stage Epithelial Ovarian Cancer and Benign Ovarian Diseases

    PubMed Central

    Braicu, Elena Iona; Sehouli, Jalid; Tauber, Rudolf; Blanchard, Véronique

    2014-01-01

    Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the sixth most common cause of cancer deaths in women because the diagnosis occurs mostly when the disease is in its late-stage. Current diagnostic methods of EOC show only a moderate sensitivity, especially at an early-stage of the disease; hence, novel biomarkers are needed to improve the diagnosis. We recently reported that serum glycome modifications observed in late-stage EOC patients by MALDI-TOF-MS could be combined as a glycan score named GLYCOV that was calculated from the relative areas of the 11 N-glycan structures that were significantly modulated. Here, we evaluated the ability of GLYCOV to recognize early-stage EOC in a cohort of 73 individuals comprised of 20 early-stage primary serous EOC, 20 benign ovarian diseases (BOD), and 33 age-matched healthy controls. GLYCOV was able to recognize stage I EOC whereas CA125 values were statistically significant only for stage II EOC patients. In addition, GLYCOV was more sensitive and specific compared to CA125 in distinguishing early-stage EOC from BOD patients, which is of high relevance to clinicians as it is difficult for them to diagnose malignancy prior to operation. PMID:25183900

  13. [Influence of Lipoplus fat emulsion on postoperative nutritional status and early inflammatory response in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Cai-hua; Li, Ning; Wang, Xin-ying; Li, Guo-li; Fan, Chao-gang; Li, Jie-shou

    2012-05-01

    To investigate the effect of Lipoplus on postoperative nutritional status and inflammatory response in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies. Sixty-four patients with gastrointestinal malignancies were randomized using random digit table to receive isonitrogenous, isocaloric total parenteral nutrition for 5 days including either Lipoplus or Lipofundin with 32 patients in each group. Blood samples were obtained before the surgery, postoperative days 1, 2, 3, and 6 to evaluate the nutritional status(prealbumin, retinol binding protein, and nitrogen balance) and inflammatory response [C-reaction protein(CRP), and leukotriene(LTB) 5, LTB4]. The incidence of postoperative systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS), infection, postoperative complications, mortality, APACHEII score, length of hospital stay and other clinical indicators were recorded. On postoperative day 1, prealbumin and retinol binding protein were significantly lower as compared to preoperative levels. These parameters increased significantly(P<0.05) on postoperative day 6 and the nitrogen balance was positive. On postoperative day 6, CRP was significantly lower in both groups as compared to postoperative day 3 (P<0.05), and the decrease was more prominent in Lipoplus than Lipofundin(P<0.05). There was a significant increase in LTB5/LTB4 as compared to postoperative day 1(P<0.05) in the Lipoplus group, however the increase was not statistically significant in the Lipofundin group(P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative infection was significantly lower in the Lipoplus group(3.1% vs. 6.3%, P<0.05), as was that of SIRS(9.4% vs. 15.6%, P<0.05). The APACHEII score was higher in the Lipoplus group but the difference was not statistically significant(3.6±2.0 vs. 3.3±2.1, P>0.05). The length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in Lipoplus group[(6.4±1.1) d vs. (8.2±1.3) d, P<0.05]. Lipoplus can improve the postoperative nutritional status and minimize the inflammatory response in patients

  14. Potential use of single measurement of serum progesterone in detecting early pregnancy failure.

    PubMed

    Hanita, O; Hanisah, A H

    2012-06-01

    Early pregnancy failure is a common pregnancy complication. In clinical practice, the time delay to distinguish viable from nonviable pregnancy is often distressing to patients and doctors. A highly sensitive and specific biomarker that accurately discriminates between viable and nonviable pregnancy would be useful for early intervention. Progesterone has been shown as a biomarker of early pregnancy failure. However the usefulness is still questionable due to the different cutoff values used. A study was conducted to determine the role of progesterone as a marker of early pregnancy failure and to establish the cut-off value in discriminating between viable and nonviable pregnancy. The study was carried out in the Obstetric and Gynecology Patient Admission Centre (OBPAC), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) for a period of twelve months. Ninety-five pregnant women of 13 weeks or less period of amenorrhoea (POA) were recruited. Fourteen normal pregnant women were controls. The patients with early pregnancy failure were classified according to types of abortion. Single measurement of serum progesterone was carried out during admission. The outcome of pregnancy was followed up until 22 weeks of POA to ascertain viability of the fetus. Median progesterone levels were significantly lower in women with nonviable pregnancies compared with viable pregnancy [10.7ng/ml (0.60-49.80) vs. 45.9ng/ml (15.40-127.20) respectively, p<0.001]. Progesterone levels were also significantly lower in threatened abortion patients with outcomes of nonviable pregnancy compared with pregnancies that progressed on to the viability period [23.3 +/- 12.0 vs. 89.7 +/- 33.2 respectively, p<0.001]. At cut-off value of 32.7ng/ ml, progesterone had 90% sensitivity with 75% negative predictive value and 92% specificity with 97% positive predictive value. The area under curve for progesterone was 0.95 (95% Confidence Interval, 0.903-0.990). In conclusion, these findings indicate that

  15. A New Method for Revision of Encapsulated Blebs after Trabeculectomy: Combination of Standard Bleb Needling with Transconjunctival Scleral Flap Sutures Prevents Early Postoperative Hypotony

    PubMed Central

    Laspas, Panagiotis; Culmann, Philipp David; Grus, Franz Hermann; Prokosch-Willing, Verena; Poplawksi, Alicia; Pfeiffer, Norbert; Hoffmann, Esther Maria

    2016-01-01

    Purpose A simple needling procedure is the standard method for restoring the function of an encapsulated bleb after trabeculectomy. However, postoperative hypotony represents a possible hazard. This study describes a new surgical approach for treating encapsulated blebs with reduced risk of early postoperative hypotony: bleb needling combined with transconjunctival sutures tightening the scleral flap directly. Methods The study included two groups of 23 patients with failing bleb following trabeculectomy: “Group 1” underwent simple needling revision of the filtering bleb and served as a control group, while “Group 2” received needling revision with additional transconjunctival scleral flap sutures, if intraoperatively the intraocular pressure was estimated to be very low. Intraocular pressure (IOP), postoperative management and complications were analyzed over a follow-up period of 4 weeks postoperatively. Results were compared using t-test or Mann-Whitney U-tests. Results Adverse effects occurred with a higher frequency after sole needling of the bleb (5 cases of choroidal effusion and 1 case of choroidal hemorrhage) than after the combined method with additional scleral sutures (1 case of choroidal effusion). The IOP on the first postoperative day was significantly lower in group 1, with 9.43 ± 9.01 mm Hg vs. 16.43 ± 8.35 mm Hg in group 2 (P = 0.01). Ten patients with ocular hypotony (IOD of 5 mmHg or lower) were found in group 1 and only two in group 2. One week and one month after surgery the intraocular pressure was similar in both groups (P>0.05). Conclusions This new needling technique with additional transconjunctival scleral flap sutures appears to reduce postoperative hypotony, and may thus protect from further complications, such as subchoroidal hemorrhage. PMID:27314495

  16. A New Method for Revision of Encapsulated Blebs after Trabeculectomy: Combination of Standard Bleb Needling with Transconjunctival Scleral Flap Sutures Prevents Early Postoperative Hypotony.

    PubMed

    Laspas, Panagiotis; Culmann, Philipp David; Grus, Franz Hermann; Prokosch-Willing, Verena; Poplawksi, Alicia; Pfeiffer, Norbert; Hoffmann, Esther Maria

    2016-01-01

    A simple needling procedure is the standard method for restoring the function of an encapsulated bleb after trabeculectomy. However, postoperative hypotony represents a possible hazard. This study describes a new surgical approach for treating encapsulated blebs with reduced risk of early postoperative hypotony: bleb needling combined with transconjunctival sutures tightening the scleral flap directly. The study included two groups of 23 patients with failing bleb following trabeculectomy: "Group 1" underwent simple needling revision of the filtering bleb and served as a control group, while "Group 2" received needling revision with additional transconjunctival scleral flap sutures, if intraoperatively the intraocular pressure was estimated to be very low. Intraocular pressure (IOP), postoperative management and complications were analyzed over a follow-up period of 4 weeks postoperatively. Results were compared using t-test or Mann-Whitney U-tests. Adverse effects occurred with a higher frequency after sole needling of the bleb (5 cases of choroidal effusion and 1 case of choroidal hemorrhage) than after the combined method with additional scleral sutures (1 case of choroidal effusion). The IOP on the first postoperative day was significantly lower in group 1, with 9.43 ± 9.01 mm Hg vs. 16.43 ± 8.35 mm Hg in group 2 (P = 0.01). Ten patients with ocular hypotony (IOD of 5 mmHg or lower) were found in group 1 and only two in group 2. One week and one month after surgery the intraocular pressure was similar in both groups (P>0.05). This new needling technique with additional transconjunctival scleral flap sutures appears to reduce postoperative hypotony, and may thus protect from further complications, such as subchoroidal hemorrhage.

  17. Analysis of the Causes of Elevated C-Reactive Protein Level in the Early Postoperative Period After Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Kim, Tae Won; Kim, Dong Hwan; Oh, Won Seuk; Sim, Jae Ang; Lee, Yong Seuk; Lee, Beom Koo

    2016-09-01

    Measurement of C-reactive protein (CRP) levels as a screening test for acute periprosthetic joint infection has high sensitivity and low specificity. We performed the present study to analyze the causes of elevated CRP levels in the early postoperative period after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study is intended to help the postoperative care of patients through understanding the factors associated with postoperative elevation of CRP. The records for 627 patients who underwent primary TKA between January 2005 and May 2013 were examined. We excluded 50 patients for whom TKA with inflammatory arthritis or revision TKA was performed. We measured serial CRP levels during the 4-week early postoperative period in all included cases to find the cases that showed a CRP pattern of elevation-depression-elevation (a bimodal pattern). We analyzed the causes of re-elevated CRP levels in patients with a bimodal pattern of CRP change. Of the 577 included patients, 76 showed bimodal CRP elevation patterns. Eighteen elevations were caused by postoperative infections (periprosthetic infection), 10 by cardiovascular problems, 11 by gastrointestinal problems, 12 by urologic problems, 10 by respiratory problems, and 15 had unknown origins. Our study shows that elevated CRP levels after TKA can have various causes. Although there may be other causes for an elevated CRP, it is essential to perform a work-up for prosthetic joint infections. In addition, there seems to be a need to evaluate noninfectious causes and infection of other sites, in addition to periprosthetic infection. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Early postoperative cognitive recovery and gas exchange patterns after balanced anesthesia with sevoflurane or desflurane in overweight and obese patients undergoing craniotomy: a prospective randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Bilotta, Federico; Doronzio, Andrea; Cuzzone, Vincenzo; Caramia, Remo; Rosa, Giovanni

    2009-07-01

    Overweight and obese patients are at especially high risk for delayed awakening after general surgery. Whether this risk also applies to cerebral neurosurgical procedures remains unclear. This study evaluated early postoperative cognitive recovery and gas exchange patterns, after balanced anesthesia with sevoflurane or desflurane, in overweight and obese patients undergoing craniotomy for supratentorial expanding lesions. Fifty-six patients were consecutively enrolled, and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 study groups to receive balanced anesthesia with sevoflurane or desflurane. Cognitive function was evaluated with the Short Orientation Memory Concentration Test and the Rancho Los Amigos Scale and gas exchange patterns (pH, PaO2, and PaCO2) were recorded in all patients at 5 time-points: preoperatively and postoperatively, after patients reached an Aldrete score >or=9, at 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes. Preoperative cognitive status was similar in the 2 treatment groups. Early postoperative cognitive recovery was more delayed and Short Orientation Memory Concentration Test scores at 15 and 30 minutes postanesthesia were lower in patients receiving sevoflurane-based anesthesia than in those receiving desflurane-based anesthesia (21.5+/-3.5 vs. 14.9+/-3.5) (P<0.005) and (26.9+/-0.7 vs. 21.5+/-1.4) (P<0.005), and the postoperative Rancho Los Amigos Scalegrade 8 showed a similar trend (25/28 patients 89% vs. 8/28 patients 28% (P<0.005) and 28/28 patients (100% vs. 13/28 patients 46%) (P<0.005). Similarly, gas-exchange analysis showed higher PaCO2 at 15 and 30 minutes and lower pH up to 45 minutes postextubation in patients receiving sevoflurane-based anesthesia. In overweight and obese patients undergoing craniotomy desflurane-based anesthesia allows earlier postoperative cognitive recovery and reversal to normocapnia and normal pH.

  19. Serum Biomarkers for Discrimination between Hepatitis C-Related Arthropathy and Early Rheumatoid Arthritis

    PubMed Central

    Siloşi, Isabela; Boldeanu, Lidia; Biciuşcă, Viorel; Bogdan, Maria; Avramescu, Carmen; Taisescu, Citto; Padureanu, Vlad; Boldeanu, Mihail Virgil; Dricu, Anica; Siloşi, Cristian Adrian

    2017-01-01

    In the present study, we aimed to estimate the concentrations of cytokines (interleukin 6, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, TNF-α) and auto-antibodies (rheumatoid factor IgM isotype, IgM-RF, antinuclear auto-antibodies, ANA, anti–cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies IgG isotype, IgG anti-CCP3.1, anti-cardiolipin IgG isotype, IgG anti-aCL) in serum of patients with eRA (early rheumatoid arthritis) and HCVrA (hepatitis C virus-related arthropathy) and to assess the utility of IL-6, TNF-α together with IgG anti-CCP and IgM-RF in distinguishing between patients with true eRA and HCVrA, in the idea of using them as differential immunomarkers. Serum samples were collected from 54 patients (30 diagnosed with eRA-subgroup 1 and 24 with HCVrA-subgroup 2) and from 28 healthy control persons. For the evaluation of serum concentrations of studied cytokines and auto-antibodies, we used immunoenzimatique techniques. The serum concentrations of both proinflammatory cytokines were statistically significantly higher in patients of subgroup 1 and subgroup 2, compared to the control group (p < 0.0001). Our study showed statistically significant differences of the mean concentrations only for ANA and IgG anti-CCP between subgroup 1 and subgroup 2. We also observed that IL-6 and TNF-α better correlated with auto-antibodies in subgroup 1 than in subgroup 2. In both subgroups of patients, ROC curves indicated that IL-6 and TNF-α have a higher diagnostic utility as markers of disease. In conclusion, we can say that, due to high sensitivity for diagnostic accuracy, determination of serum concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α, possibly in combination with auto-antibodies, could be useful in the diagnosis and distinguishing between patients with true eRA and HCV patients with articular manifestation and may prove useful in the monitoring of the disease course. PMID:28629188

  20. Early Postoperative Effects of Cataract Surgery on Anterior Segment Parameters in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma and Pseudoexfoliation Glaucoma

    PubMed Central

    Elgin, Ufuk; Şen, Emine; Şimşek, Tülay; Tekin, Kemal; Yılmazbaş, Pelin

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: To compare the effect of cataract surgery on anterior segment parameters measured by optical biometry in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PXG). Materials and Methods: Twenty-five eyes of 25 patients with POAG and 29 eyes of 29 patients with PXG who had uncomplicated phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation surgery were included to our prospective study. Central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and axial length (AL) were measured with an optical biometer preoperatively and at 1 month postoperatively. The pre- and postoperative values of intraocular pressure (IOP) and the anterior segment parameters and the differences between POAG and PXG were compared statistically by paired t, independent t and chi-square tests. Results: The mean values of preoperative CCT (p=0.042) and ACD (p=0.012) were significantly lower in the PXG than in the POAG group. In the PXG group, IOP decreased (p=0.001) but CCT (p=0.03) and ACD (p=0.001) increased significantly postoperatively; AL did not change significantly. In the POAG group, IOP decreased (p=0.01) and ACD (p=0.004) increased significantly postoperatively, while AL and CCT did not change significantly. There were no significant differences in the pre- to postoperative changes in IOP (p=0.76), AL (p=0.44) and CCT (p=0.52) values between the two groups. However, the postoperative increase in ACD was larger in the PXG group (p=0.03). Conclusion: Cataract surgery may cause some changes in IOP and anterior segment parameters like ACD and CCT postoperatively in eyes with POAG and PXG, and these changes may differ between eyes with PXG and POAG. PMID:27800269

  1. Interferon-γ, interleukin-10 and interferon-inducible protein 10 (CXCL10) as serum biomarkers for the early allograft dysfunction after liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Karakhanova, Svetlana; Oweira, Hani; Steinmeyer, Beate; Sachsenmaier, Milena; Jung, Gregor; Elhadedy, Hazem; Schmidt, Jan; Hartwig, Werner; Bazhin, Alexandr V; Werner, Jens

    2016-02-01

    Orthotopic liver transplantation (LTP) is nowadays a standard procedure, and provides the chance of survival of patients with end-stage non-treatable chronic liver disease or acute liver failure. Despite long-term survival with a good quality of life in the majority of patients, about 20% develop early allograft dysfunction (EAD), which leads to death or the need for re-transplantation. Therefore, the early diagnosis of EAD and evaluation of its risk factors are very important. Many primary pathological processes leading to EAD are accompanied by the release of different mediators and by a change of biochemical parameters detectable in the peripheral blood. The aim of this study was to investigate cytokines as well as soluble mediators in the serum of patients with and without EAD from our LTP bank, and to evaluate their predictive and prognostic values for EAD. We demonstrated for the first time that the level of IFNγ during the nearest preoperative period may serve as a predictive parameter for EAD. We additionally found that IL-10 and CXCL10 (IP-10) levels in the early postoperative period can be prognostic for EAD. We believe our data expand the spectrum of predictive and prognostic parameters for EAD in LTP. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Early serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) trends after medication abortion.

    PubMed

    Pocius, Katherine D; Maurer, Rie; Fortin, Jennifer; Goldberg, Alisa B; Bartz, Deborah

    2015-06-01

    Despite increased reliance on human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) for early pregnancy monitoring, there is limited information about hCG trends soon after medication abortion. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a predictable decline in serum hCG values shortly after medication abortion. This is a retrospective study of women with early intrauterine pregnancies who underwent medication abortion with mifepristone and misoprostol and had a serum hCG level on Day 1 (day of mifepristone) and a repeat value on Day 2 to 6. The percent hCG decline was calculated from baseline to repeat measure, with repeat values from the same patient accounted for through repeated measure analysis of variance. Eighty-eight women with a mean gestational age of 5.5 weeks and median baseline hCG of 5220 IU met study criteria over a 3-year period. The mean decline (±SD) in hCG from the Day 1 baseline value was 56.9%±29.5% on Day 3, 73.5%±38.6% on Day 4, 86.1%±8.8% on Day 5, and 92.9%±3.4% on Day 6. Eighty-two women (93% of the cohort) had a complete abortion without further intervention. The least square means hCG decline among these women was 57.6% [95% confidence interval (CI): 50.3-64.9%] on Day 3, 78.9% (95% CI: 75.0-82.8%) on Day 4 and 86.2% (95% CI: 81.3-91.1%) on Day 5. There is a rapid decline in serum hCG within the first few days after early medication abortion. Further research is needed to delineate how soon after medication abortion this decline may be specific enough to confirm abortion completion. This study provides the largest cohort of patients followed with serial hCG values in the first few days after medication abortion. Our findings demonstrate the trend in hCG decline in this population, which may be predictable by Day 5. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Preoperative left ventricular internal dimension in end-diastole as earlier identification of early patent ductus arteriosus operation and postoperative intensive care in very low birth weight infants.

    PubMed

    Saida, Ken; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Hiroma, Takehiko; Takigiku, Kiyohiro; Yasukochi, Satoshi

    2013-10-01

    Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is common in premature infants. In very low birth weight infants (VLBWI), PDA requires surgical therapy in many cases. It is unclear to know at-risk infants showing cardio-dysfunction after PDA surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify at-risk infants showing cardio-dysfunction after surgery for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). We examined the relationship between left ventricular (LV) performance before and after PDA ligation in a retrospective observational cohort study. We studied 64 preterm neonates with symptomatic PDA before and after surgical ligation. Echocardiographic examinations were performed pre- and postoperatively. M-mode measurements included left ventricular internal dimension in end-diastole (LVIDd) and LV fractional shortening (FS). All cases showed decreased LVFS after PDA closure. Most cases (49/64, 77%) showed postoperative FS decreased to below normal (<28%). Preoperative relative LVIDd was significantly larger in abnormal FS infants (137 ± 18%) than in normal FS infants (118 ± 11%; p<0.01). A cut-off value of preoperative relative LVIDd (absolute LVIDd/normal value) for predicting postoperative cardio-dysfunction was 127.4% (sensitivity, 0.735; specificity, 0.933; area under curve, 0.817). Determination of preoperative LVIDd might facilitate earlier identification of infants needing early PDA surgery and postoperative intensive care. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Postoperative pulmonary function in coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients undergoing early tracheal extubation: a comparison between short-term mechanical ventilation and early extubation.

    PubMed

    Nicholson, Donna J; Kowalski, Stephen E; Hamilton, G Andrew; Meyers, Michael P; Serrette, Carl; Duke, Peter C

    2002-02-01

    To evaluate the effect of a short period of mechanical ventilation (3 hours) versus immediate extubation (within 1 hour of surgery) on pulmonary function, gas exchange, and pulmonary complications after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Prospective randomized study. University teaching hospital. Thirty-five patients undergoing CABG surgery. Patients were randomized into 2 groups. Patients in group I were extubated as soon as possible after surgery. Patients in group II were ventilated for a minimum of 3 hours after surgery. Patients in both groups were extubated only after achieving predetermined extubation criteria. Patients who did not meet the criteria for extubation within the predetermined set time limit (90 minutes in group I and 6 hours in group II) were withdrawn from the study. Pulmonary function tests (vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, total lung capacity, functional residual capacity), arterial blood gases, and chest radiographs were done preoperatively and postoperatively. Pulmonary complications were recorded. Demographic data were similar between groups. The mean time to extubation in group I was 45.7 plus minus 27.6 minutes and in group II was 201.4 plus minus 21 minutes (p < 0.01). Two patients in group I and 1 patient in group II did not meet the extubation criteria within the predetermined set time limit and were excluded from the study. In both groups, there was a significant decline in pulmonary function but no differences between groups at 24 or 72 hours after surgery. There were no differences between groups in blood gases, atelectasis scores, or pulmonary complications. The data suggest that extending mechanical ventilation after CABG surgery does not affect pulmonary function. Provided that routine extubation criteria are met, patients can be safely extubated early (within 1 hour) after major cardiac surgery without concerns of further pulmonary derangement. Copyright 2002, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights

  5. Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in Early Childhood Is Nonlinearly Associated with Allergy.

    PubMed

    Savilahti, Emma Merike; Mäkitie, Outi; Kukkonen, Anna Kaarina; Andersson, Sture; Viljakainen, Heli; Savilahti, Erkki; Kuitunen, Mikael

    2016-01-01

    Vitamin D has several immunological functions. Data on the relation of vitamin D status and allergy are controversial. We investigated the association between serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) and allergy in childhood. The study population (n = 819) was part of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial where the mothers of offspring with a high risk for allergy received a mixture of probiotics (or placebo) for the last 4 weeks of pregnancy, and the child received this from birth to 6 months. Study subjects were followed for the emergence of sensitization and allergic symptoms for a period of 5 years, with medical examinations at the ages of 3 and 6 months, 2 and 5 years and also in the event of allergic symptoms. Levels of 25-OHD were measured in umbilical cord blood (UCB) samples (n = 724) and serum samples drawn at the age of 2 years (n = 369); the data were categorized into tertiles (T1-T3) and quartiles (Q1-Q4). The relation between 25-OHD levels and sensitization and allergy was analyzed with multivariable logistic regression analysis. 25-OHD levels in T2 in UCB were associated with a higher risk for sensitization by the age of 2 years and allergic disorders by the age of 5 years. In the serum samples, at the age of 2 years, 25-OHD levels in Q3 were associated with a higher risk of sensitization and IgE-mediated allergies by the age of 5 years. The 25-OHD levels in early childhood are associated with the emergence of allergy, but the association appears to be nonlinear. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  6. Assesment of inflammatory response intensity in early postoperative period in patients after hernioplasty operated on with classic stoppa method and videoscopic TEP method.

    PubMed

    Libiszewski, Michał; Drozda, Rafał; Białecki, Jacek; Wieloch, Maria; Hedayati, Masoud; Kuzdak, Krzysztof; Kołomecki, Krzysztof

    2011-09-01

    THE AIM OF THE STUDY was comparison of inflammatory response intensity through estimation of CRP, IL-6 and WBC concentration in blood serum in patients before and after inguinal hernia operations with Stoppa and TEP method. MATERIAL AND METHODS. The study involoved 117 patients operated on inguinal hernia between 2006-2008. The patients were divided into two groups. In the first group (group I - 56) Stopp'a method was used, in the second (group II - 61) TEP method. The patients selection was coincidental. All examined patients were men between 25-75 years old (mean age 54.3). Moreover, the operation's time, state of postoperative wound, the average hospitalization time and intensity of pain were estimated. The observations were directed over two weeks after operation. RESULTS. The inflammatory response estimated with CRP, IL-6 concentration in blood serum was considerably higher in patients operated with Stoppa method. There wasn't observed a relevant difference in increase of white blood cells' concentration in both groups. Moreover, the patients operated on with TEP method experienced lower pain. In group, operated on with Stoppa method, 3 cases of wound healing complications were observed. The operation's time was considerably shorter in the first group. The hospitalization time, was considerably shorter in patients operated on with videoscopic method. CONCLUSIONS. The operation of inguinal hernia with TEP technique in comparison with Stopp'a method is connected with considerably lower inflammatory response of organism, what directly involve with postoperative pain abridgment and reduction of hospitalization time. Moreover it may have influence on frequency of postoperative complications related with wound healing.

  7. Relation between bone mineral density and IL-17 serum levels in Serbian patients with early Rheumatoid arthritis

    PubMed Central

    Dimic, Aleksandar; Milenkovic, Sasa; Krtinic, Dane; Aleksic, Ivana

    2015-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by synovial inflammation and destruction of joint cartilage and bone. Different cytokines play important role in the processes that cause articular destruction and extra-articular manifestations in RA. The contribution of cytokines representing the Th1 (INF-γ), Th2 (IL-4) and IL-17A to the pathogenesis of early RA and bone mineral density (BMD) loss in still poorly understood. Serum samples of 38 early RA patients were evaluated for erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), rheumatoid factor (RF), C-reactive protein (CRP), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP) and for the tested cytokines (IL-17A, IL-4 and INF-γ). BMD was evaluated by dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Disease activity score (DAS28) calculation was assessed for all patients. Control serum samples were obtained from 34 healthy volunteers. The levels of tested cytokines were significantly higher (IL-17A, p<0.001; INF-γ, P<0.001; IL-4, P<0.01) in patients with early RA, compared to the healthy controls. In early RA patients, strong correlation of serum IL-17A was found with DAS28, ESR and CRP. Also, a significant negative correlation was found between serum INF-γ levels and the DAS28 score. Significantly positive correlation of BMD values and CRP, DAS28 IL-17A were also demonstrated. DXA analysis revealed that the most common site for osteoporosis was the lumbar spine followed by the femoral neck. BMD values significantly correlated with CRP, DAS28 score and IL-17A serum levels. The mean serum IL-17A levels, in patients with early RA, corresponded with disease activity, severity and BMD loss, indicating the potential usefulness of serum IL-17A in defining the disease activity and bone remodeling. PMID:28352685

  8. Early serum biomarker networks in infants with distinct retinochoroidal lesion status of congenital toxoplasmosis.

    PubMed

    de Araújo, Thádia Evelyn; Coelho-Dos-Reis, Jordana Grazziela; Béla, Samantha Ribeiro; Carneiro, Ana Carolina Aguiar Vasconcelos; Machado, Anderson Silva; Cardoso, Ludmila Melo; Ribeiro, Ágata Lopes; Dias, Michelle Hallais França; Queiroz Andrade, Gláucia Manzan; Vasconcelos-Santos, Daniel Vitor; Januário, José Nélio; Teixeira-Carvalho, Andréa; Vitor, Ricardo Wagner Almeida; Ferro, Eloisa Amália Vieira; Martins-Filho, Olindo Assis

    2017-07-01

    The present study characterized the early changes in the serum chemokines/cytokine signatures and networks in infants with congenital-toxoplasmosis/(TOXO) as compared to non-infected-controls/(NI). TOXO were subgrouped according to the retinochoroidal lesion status as no-lesion/(NL), active-lesion/(ARL), active/cicatricial-lesion/(ACRL) and cicatricial-lesion/(CRL). The results showed that TOXO display prominent chemokine production mediated by IL-8/CXCL8, MIG/CXCL9, IP-10/CXCL10 and RANTES/CCL5. Additionally, TOXO is accompanied by mixed proinflammatory/regulatory cytokine pattern mediated by IL-6, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10. While TNF appears as a putative biomarker for NL and IFN-γ/IL-5 as immunological features for ARL, IL-10 emerges as a relevant mediator in ACRL/CRL. IL-8/CXCL8 and IP-10/CXCL10 are broad-spectrum indicators of ocular disease, whereas TNF is a NL biomarker, IFN-γ and MIG/CXCL9 point out to ARL; and IL-10 is highlighted as a genuine serum biomarker of ACRL/CRL. The network analysis demonstrated a broad chemokine/cytokine crosstalk with divergences in the molecular signatures in patients with different ocular lesions during congenital toxoplasmosis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. [Correlation between renal artery resistance index and serum creatinine level early after renal transplantation].

    PubMed

    Huang, Jun; Wu, Ying; Su, Ze-xuan; Zhuo, Yu-min

    2011-06-01

    To investigate the relationship between the resistance index (RI) of the renal artery and serum creatinine (Cr) level in patients early (within one month) after renal transplantation. A total of 123 patients receiving renal transplantation underwent examinations by color Doppler ultrasound for measurement of the RI of the renal artery within one month after the operation. According to the results of RI measurement, the patients were divided into RI≥0.75 and RI<0.75 groups for analyzing the correlation between RI and serum Cr level measured at the same time points. The RI and Cr levels in patients with RI≥0.75 showed a significant positive correlation (P<0.05), whereas they showed an inverse correlation in patients with RI<0.75 (P<0.05). The patients with RI≥0.75 had significantly lower RI of the renal artery and Cr level than those with RI≥0.75. RI is significantly correlated to Cr, and may serve as an indicator for predicting renal graft function after transplantation.

  10. Concordance of bioactive vs. total immunoreactive serum leptin levels in children with severe early onset obesity.

    PubMed

    Stanik, Juraj; Kratzsch, Jürgen; Landgraf, Kathrin; Scheuermann, Kathrin; Spielau, Ulrike; Gausche, Ruth; Gasperikova, Daniela; Kiess, Wieland; Körner, Antje

    2017-01-01

    Leptin secreted from adipose tissue signals peripheral energy status to the brain. Monogenic leptin deficiency results in severe early onset obesity with hyperphagia. Recently, a similar phenotype of inactivating leptin mutations but with preserved immunoreactivity and hence normal circulating immunoreactive leptin has been reported. We aimed to evaluate the proportion of bioactive leptin serum levels (compared to immunoreactive leptin) as a biomarker for the screening of leptin gene mutations causing monogenic obesity. Furthermore, we aimed to compare the immunoreactive and bioactive leptin levels associations with parameters of insulin resistance and insulin secretion in obese children and adolescents. We measured bioactive and immunoreactive leptin levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in fasting serum samples of 70 children with severe (BMI SDS >3) non-syndromic obesity with onset <3 years of life from our Leipzig childhood obesity cohort (n = 1204). Sanger sequencing of the leptin gene was performed in probands with proportion of bioactive/immunoreactive leptin <90%. The mean levels of bioactive and immunoreactive leptin were almost identical (41.1±25.2 vs. 41.1±25.4ng/mL). In three probands with the lowest bioactive leptin proportion (<90%) we did not identify mutations in the leptin gene. Compared to immunoreactive leptin, bioactive leptin showed similar and slightly better statistical associations with indices of insulin resistance in correlation and multivariate analyses. In our sample selected for severe early onset childhood obesity, we did not identify leptin gene mutations leading to decreased proportion of bioactive leptin. Nevertheless, the bioactive leptin levels were stronger associated with selected insulin secretion/resistance indices than the immunoreactive leptin levels.

  11. Neurocognitive Function Is Associated With Serum Iron Status in Early Adolescents.

    PubMed

    Ji, Xiaopeng; Cui, Naixue; Liu, Jianghong

    2017-05-01

    The association between iron and neurocognition remains underexplored in adolescents, and the neurocognitive effects of low and high iron levels have yet to be established. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships of low and high iron levels with neurocognitive domains in early adolescents. The sample comprised 428 adolescents (12.0 ± 0.4 years) from Jintan, China. Serum iron concentrations were analyzed from venous blood samples and classified into low, normal, and high levels according to the clinical reference range 75-175 μg/dl. Neurocognition was measured by the Penn Computerized Neurocognitive Battery and Wechsler Intelligence Scale. Generalized linear regression was used to analyze relationships. Prevalence rates of iron deficiency, normal iron, and high iron were 13.8%, 76.4%, and 9.8%, respectively. Compared with normal levels, iron deficiency was associated with slower performance in tasks that measured abstraction and mental flexibility (β = 107.5, p = .03) and spatial processing ability (β = 917.2, p = .04). High serum iron was associated with less accuracy in the spatial processing ability task (β = -2.2, p = .03) and a longer reaction time in the task assessing abstraction and mental flexibility (β = 702.8, p = .046) compared to normal levels. Both iron deficiency and high iron levels contribute to reduced neurocognitive performance in a domain-specific manner in early adolescents. The dual burden of iron under- and overnutrition should be incorporated into future interventions for improving brain development and cognitive function in adolescents, especially in a Chinese context.

  12. Early postoperative changes in hematological, erythrocyte aggregation and blood coagulation parameters after unilateral implantation of polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft in the femoral artery of beagle dogs.

    PubMed

    Toth, Csaba; Klarik, Zoltan; Kiss, Ferenc; Toth, Eniko; Hargitai, Zoltan; Nemeth, Norbert

    2014-05-01

    The failure of small-caliber vascular grafts still means a serious problem. Concerning the early postoperative complications we aimed to investigate the hemostaseological and hemorheological aspects of this issue in a canine model. In the Control group only anesthesia was induced. In the Grafted group under general anesthesia a 3.5-cm segment was resected unilaterally from the femoral artery and replaced with a PTFE graft (diameter: 3 mm). On the 1st-3rd-5th-7th and 14th postoperative days the skin temperature of both hind limbs was measured, and blood sampling occurred for hematological, hemostaseological and hemorheological tests. The skin temperature of the operated versus intact limbs did not differ. In the Grafted group leukocyte count was elevated by the 1st postoperative day, while platelet count increased over the entire follow-up period. Fibrinogen concentration rose on the 1st-5th days, activated partial thromboplastin time increased on the 3rd-7th days. Erythrocyte aggregation was enhanced significantly on the 1st-5th days. In specimens taken on the 14th day, histologically we found matured thrombus narrowing the graft lumen. Small-caliber PTFE graft implantation into the femoral artery caused significant changes in several hemostaseological and hemorheological parameters. However, better clarifying the factors leading to early thrombosis of these grafts needs further studies.

  13. Development of serum parameters panels for the early detection of pancreatic cancer.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Pengjun; Zou, Meng; Wen, Xinyu; Gu, Feng; Li, Juan; Liu, Gaixia; Dong, Jingxiao; Deng, Xinxin; Gao, Jing; Li, Xiaolong; Jia, Xingwang; Dong, Zhennan; Chen, Luonan; Wang, Yong; Tian, Yaping

    2014-06-01

    Early detection of pancreatic cancer is promising for improving clinical outcome; however, no effective biomarker has yet been identified. Here, we detected 61 clinical serum parameters in 200 healthy controls (Ctrls), 163 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients and 109 benign pancreatitis patients (Benign) in the training group. A metropolis algorithm with Monte Carlo simulation was used for identifying parameter panels. Sera from 183 Ctrl, 129 PDAC and 95 Benign individuals were used for cross-validation. Samples from 77 breast, 72 cervical, 101 colorectal, 138 gastric, 108 prostate and 132 lung cancer patients were collected for evaluating cancer selectivity. A panel consisting of carbohydrate antigen (CA)19-9, albumin (ALB), C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL)-8 had the highest diagnostic value for discriminating between PDAC and Ctrl. The sensitivity (SN) was 99.39% for all-stage, 96.10% for early-stage and 98.80% for advanced-stage PDAC at 90% specificity (SP). In the validation group, the sensitivities were 93.80, 93.10 and 94.40%, respectively, at 90% SP. This panel also identified 80.52% of the breast cancer, 66.67% cervical cancer, 86.14% colorectal cancer, 89.86% gastric cancer, 71.30% prostate cancer and 93.85% lung cancer samples as non-PDAC. The panel consisting of CA19-9, carbon dioxide, CRP and IL-6 panel had the highest diagnostic value for discriminating between PDAC and Benign. The SN was 74.23% for all-stage, 75.30% for early-stage and 74.40% for advanced-stage PDAC at 90% SP. In the validation group, the sensitivities were 72.10, 76.10 and 67.20%, respectively, at 90% SP. Our parameter panels may aid in the early detection of PDAC to improve clinical outcome.

  14. Identification of serum proteomic biomarkers for early porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) infection

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most significant swine diseases worldwide. Despite its relevance, serum biomarkers associated with early-onset viral infection, when clinical signs are not detectable and the disease is characterized by a weak anti-viral response and persistent infection, have not yet been identified. Surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS) is a reproducible, accurate, and simple method for the identification of biomarker proteins related to disease in serum. This work describes the SELDI-TOF MS analyses of sera of 60 PRRSV-positive and 60 PRRSV-negative, as measured by PCR, asymptomatic Large White piglets at weaning. Sera with comparable and low content of hemoglobin (< 4.52 μg/mL) were fractionated in 6 different fractions by anion-exchange chromatography and protein profiles in the mass range 1–200 kDa were obtained with the CM10, IMAC30, and H50 surfaces. Results A total of 200 significant peaks (p < 0.05) were identified in the initial discovery phase of the study and 47 of them were confirmed in the validation phase. The majority of peaks (42) were up-regulated in PRRSV-positive piglets, while 5 were down-regulated. A panel of 14 discriminatory peaks identified in fraction 1 (pH = 9), on the surface CM10, and acquired at low focus mass provided a serum protein profile diagnostic pattern that enabled to discriminate between PRRSV-positive and -negative piglets with a sensitivity and specificity of 77% and 73%, respectively. Conclusions SELDI-TOF MS profiling of sera from PRRSV-positive and PRRSV-negative asymptomatic piglets provided a proteomic signature with large scale diagnostic potential for early identification of PRRSV infection in weaning piglets. Furthermore, SELDI-TOF protein markers represent a refined phenotype of PRRSV infection that might be useful for whole genome association studies. PMID:22873815

  15. Transversus abdominis plane block reduces morphine consumption in the early postoperative period following microsurgical abdominal tissue breast reconstruction: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Zhong, Toni; Ojha, M; Bagher, Shaghayegh; Butler, Kate; Srinivas, Coimbatore; McCluskey, Stuart A; Clarke, Hance; O'Neill, Anne C; Novak, Christine B; Hofer, Stefan O P

    2014-11-01

    The analgesic efficacy of the transversus abdominis plane peripheral nerve block following abdominal tissue breast reconstruction has not been studied in a randomized controlled trial. The authors conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 1:1 allocation, two-arm parallel group, superiority design, randomized controlled trial in patients undergoing microsurgical abdominally based breast reconstruction. Intraoperatively, epidural catheters were inserted under direct vision through the triangle of Petit on both sides of the abdomen into the transversus abdominis plane just before rectus fascial closure. Patients received either bupivacaine (study group) or saline (placebo group) through the catheters for 2 postoperative days. All patients received hydromorphone by means of a patient-controlled analgesic pump. The primary outcome was the difference in the parenteral opioid consumption on each postoperative day between the groups. The secondary outcome measures included the following: total in-hospital opioid; antinausea medication; pain, nausea, and sedation scores; Quality of Recovery Score; time to ambulation; and hospital stay duration. Between September of 2011 and June of 2013, 93 patients were enrolled: 49 received bupivacaine and 44 received saline. There were 11 postoperative complications (13 percent); none were related to the catheter. Primary outcomes were completed by 85 of 93 patients (91.3 percent); the mean parenteral morphine consumption was significantly reduced on postoperative day 1 in the bupivacaine group (20.7±20.1 mg) compared with 30.0±19.1 mg in the control group (p=0.02). There were no significant differences in secondary outcomes. Following abdominally based breast reconstruction, transversus abdominis plane peripheral nerve block is safe and significantly reduces morphine consumption in the early postoperative period. Therapeutic, II.

  16. [Tetraplegia and respiratory failure due to carcinomatous neuropathy in the early postoperative period of a lung cancer patient: report of a case].

    PubMed

    Togashi, K; Shinohara, H; Wakabayashi, T; Fujita, S; Sato, K

    2005-06-01

    A 63-year-old man, with atypical pulmonary mycobacteriosis and also with hepatic dysfunction due to chronic hepatitis C, underwent wedge resection of the right lower lobe for non-small cell lung cancer. On the 9th postoperative day, the patient developed acute tetraplegia and then respiratory failure. Neither computed tomography (CT) nor magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain and cervical vertebrae showed any cancer metastases. The neurological symptoms were those of Guillain-Barre syndrome. Therefore, we speculate that the cause of the neuromyopathy might be autoimmune antibodies from lung cancer. Steroid pulse therapy and plasma exchange treatment were effective and the patient's symptoms disappeared in a month. We reported the extremely rare case of a lung cancer patient with acute tetraplegia in the early postoperative period.

  17. Effect of Metoclopramide on the Incidence of Early Postoperative Aspiration Pneumonia in Dogs with Acquired Idiopathic Laryngeal Paralysis.

    PubMed

    Milovancev, Milan; Townsend, Katy; Spina, Jason; Hurley, Connie; Ralphs, S Christopher; Trumpatori, Brian; Seguin, Bernard; Jermyn, Kieri

    2016-07-01

    Evaluate the effect of a perioperative intravenous continuous rate infusion (CRI) of metoclopramide on the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in the short term postoperative period in dogs undergoing unilateral arytenoid lateralization. Prospective, randomized, multi-center clinical trial. 61 client-owned dogs with idiopathic laryngeal paralysis and normal preoperative thoracic radiographs. All dogs underwent unilateral arytenoid lateralization with a uniform anesthetic, analgesic, and management protocol. Dogs in the treatment group received an intravenous CRI of metoclopramide for 24 hours perioperative. All dogs were assessed for clinical signs of aspiration pneumonia based on the results of physical examination and owner interview up to the point of suture removal (10-14 days postoperative). Any dog with suspected aspiration pneumonia had thoracic radiographs performed. Six dogs developed aspiration pneumonia in the short term postoperative period (2/28 control dogs and 4/33 treated dogs), accounting for an overall frequency of 10% with no significant difference between control and treated dogs. No variables measured in the study were significantly different between control and treated dogs. Perioperative metoclopramide, at the doses used in this study, did not affect the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in the short term postoperative period in dogs with idiopathic laryngeal paralysis undergoing unilateral arytenoid lateralization. © Copyright 2016 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  18. Early dutasteride monotherapy in men with detectable serum prostate-specific antigen levels following radical prostatectomy: A prospective trial

    PubMed Central

    Shin, Yu Seob; Lee, Jea Whan; Kim, Myung Ki; Jeong, Young Beom

    2017-01-01

    Purpose To investigate the effects of early administration of dutasteride in patients with detectable serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after radical prostatectomy (RP). Materials and Methods A prospective open-label study, with a cumulative analysis of asymptomatic increase in PSA following RP, was conducted from January 2005 to December 2013. An early increase in PSA level was defined as detectable serum PSA level> 0.04 ng/mL. Patients with PSA level>0.04 ng/mL were treated with dutasteride 0.5 mg daily. Serum PSA level and biochemical recurrence (BCR) were monitored. We divided the patients into 2 groups based on the serum PSA response after dutasteride treatment. Results Eighty patients were included in the study. At the median follow-up of 51.8 months, 56 patients (70.0%) showed a decrease of greater than 10% in serum PSA level, and 24 showed increased PSA levels. Twelve of the 56 patients with PSA response showed subsequently increased PSA. Intergroup differences in preoperative PSA levels, PSA nadir levels, and Gleason score of 6 or less were significant (p=0.028, p=0.030, and p=0.035, respectively). A multivariate analysis revealed that Gleason score of 6 or less (p=0.018) and PSA nadir levels (p=0.011) were predictive factors for PSA response after early dutasteride treatment in men with increased PSA levels following RP. Conclusions Early monotherapy of dutasteride showed a decline in serum PSA levels in men with lower nadir PSA levels, and a Gleason score 6, when the serum PSA was detected after RP. PMID:28261678

  19. Serum anti-Ku86 is a potential biomarker for early detection of hepatitis C virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Nomura, Fumio; Sogawa, Kazuyuki; Noda, Kenta; Seimiya, Masanori; Matsushita, Kazuyuki; Miura, Toshihide; Tomonaga, Takeshi; Yoshitomi, Hideyuki; Imazeki, Fumio; Takizawa, Hirotaka; Mogushi, Kaoru; Miyazaki, Masaru; Yokosuka, Osamu

    2012-05-18

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Overexpression of Ku86 in human liver cancer was shown by immunohistochemistry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Serum anti-Ku86 was significantly elevated in early hepatocellular carcinoma. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Anti-Ku86 may be more sensitive than the conventional markers for early detection. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Serum anti-Ku86 significantly decreased after surgical resection of liver tumors. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Elevation of serum anti-Ku86 in other non-liver solid tumors was minimal. -- Abstract: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the predominant form of primary liver cancer, is one of the most common cancers worldwide and the third most common cause of cancer-related death. Imaging studies including ultrasound and computed tomography are recommended for early detection of HCC, but they are operator dependent, costly and involve radiation. Therefore, there is a need for simple and sensitive serum markers for the early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In our recent proteomic studies, a number of proteins overexpressed in HCC tissues were identified. We thought if the serum autoantibodies to these overexpressed proteins were detectable in HCC patients. Of these proteins, we focused on Ku86, a nuclear protein involved in multiple biological processes and aimed to assess the diagnostic value of serum anti-Ku86 in the early detection of HCC. Serum samples were obtained prior to treatment from 58 consecutive patients with early or relatively early hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC and 137 patients with HCV-related liver cirrhosis without evidence of HCC. Enzyme immunoassays were used to measure serum levels of autoantibodies. Serum levels of anti-Ku86 antibodies were significantly elevated in HCC patients compared to those in liver cirrhosis patients (0.41 {+-} 0.28 vs. 0.18 {+-} 0.08 Abs at 450 nm, P < 0001). Setting the cut-off level to give 90% specificity, anti-Ku86 was positive in 60.7% of

  20. The efficacy of multimodal high-volume wound infiltration in primary total knee replacement in facilitating immediate post-operative pain relief and attainment of early rehabilitation milestones.

    PubMed

    Banerjee, Purnajyoti

    2014-05-01

    Inadequate pain relief after lower limb joint replacement surgery has been a well-recognised limiting factor affecting post-operative mobilisation and length of hospital stay. Multimodal local wound infiltration with local anaesthetics, adrenaline and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents can lower the opiate intake, reduce the length of stay and enhance early mobilisation in knee replacement patients. A retrospective review of 64 patients undergoing primary total knee replacement was undertaken. Thirty-two patients (cases) had their wounds infiltrated with ropivacaine, adrenaline and ketorolac by the operating surgeon, intraoperatively. Subsequently, a 19G wound catheter placed into the knee joint. They received two further top-up doses of the same combination at 10 and 20 h post-operatively. This group was compared with a control group of 32 patients who did not receive any local infiltration. Both groups were comparable in terms of BMI and age. Post-operative opiate drug consumption in first 48 h after surgery, length of hospital stays and time taken to mobilise after surgery were recorded. There was significant reduction in opiate consumption in the treatment group with an average consumption of 49.35 mg of morphine compared to 71.48 mg in the control group (p = 0.004). The median length of hospital stay was significantly reduced from 5 days in the control group to 4 days in the treatment group (p = 0.03). The patients in the treatment group mobilised around 19 h earlier (p = 0.001). No major post-operative complications were encountered in either group. Wound infiltration is an effective and safe technique that promotes early rehabilitation and discharge of patients following primary total knee replacement.

  1. The efficacy of local infiltration analgesia in the early postoperative period after total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Seangleulur, Alisa; Vanasbodeekul, Pramook; Prapaitrakool, Sunisa; Worathongchai, Sukhumakorn; Anothaisintawee, Thunyarat; McEvoy, Mark; Vendittoli, Pascal-André; Attia, John; Thakkinstian, Ammarin

    2016-11-01

    Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) has emerged as an alternative treatment for postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Its efficacy remains inconclusive with inconsistent results from previous studies and meta-analyses. There is no agreement on which local anaesthetic agent and infiltration technique is most effective and well tolerated. The objective was to compare LIA after primary TKA with placebo or no infiltration in terms of early postoperative pain relief, mobilisation, length of hospital stay (LOS) and complications when used as a primary treatment or as an adjunct to regional anaesthesia. The role of injection sites, postoperative injection or infusion and multimodal drug injection with ketorolac were also explored. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). A literature search was performed using PubMed and SCOPUS up to September 2015. RCTs comparing LIA with placebo or no infiltration after primary TKA in terms of pain score and opioid consumption at 24 and 48 h, mobilisation, LOS and complications were included. In total 38 RCTs were included. LIA groups had lower pain scores, opioid consumption and postoperative nausea and vomiting, higher range of motion at 24 h and shorter LOS than no injection or placebo. After subgroup analysis, intraoperative peri-articular but not intra-articular injection had lower pain score at 24 h than no injection or placebo with the pooled mean difference of pain score at rest of -0.89 [95% CI (-1.40 to -0.38); I = 92.0%]. Continuing with postoperative injection or infusion reduced 24-h pain score with the pooled mean difference at rest of -1.50 [95% CI (-1.92 to -1.08); I = 60.5%]. There was no additional benefit in terms of pain relief during activity, opioid consumption, range of movement or LOS when LIA was used as an adjunct to regional anaesthesia. Four out of 735 patients receiving LIA reported deep knee infection, three of whom had had postoperative

  2. Serum urate and probability of dopaminergic deficit in early ‘Parkinson disease’

    PubMed Central

    Schwarzschild, Michael A.; Marek, Kenneth; Eberly, Shirley; Oakes, David; Shoulson, Ira; Jennings, Danna; Seibyl, John; Ascherio, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Objective Investigate whether higher levels of urate, an antioxidant linked to a lower likelihood of developing Parkinson disease (PD), is also a predictor of having a dopamine transporter brain scan without evidence of dopaminergic deficit (SWEDD). Methods In a cross-sectional study of 797 mildly affected, untreated parkinsonian subjects diagnosed with early PD in the Parkinson Research Examination of CEP-1347 Trial (PRECEPT), we investigated the relationship at baseline between serum urate and striatal dopamine transporter density, determined by single-photon emission computed-tomography of iodine-123-labeled 2-β-carboxymethoxy-3-β-(4-iodophenyl)tropane ([123I]β-CIT) uptake. A SWEDD was defined as lowest putamen [123I]β-CIT > 80% age-expected putamen DAT density. Results Odds of having a SWEDD rose across increasing quintiles of urate level, with an age- and gender-adjusted odds ratio of 3.2 comparing the highest to the lowest urate quintile; 95% CI: 1.5 to 7.2; p for trend = 0.0003) and remained significant after adjusting for potential confounding factors. The association was significant in men but not women, regardless of whether common or sex-specific quintiles of urate were used. Conclusions Higher levels of urate were associated with a greater likelihood of a SWEDD amongst subjects with early untreated parkinsonism in the PRECEPT study. The findings support the diagnostic utility of urate in combination with other determinants. PMID:21538532

  3. Systematic review: serum autoantibodies in the early detection of gastric cancer.

    PubMed

    Werner, Simone; Chen, Hongda; Tao, Sha; Brenner, Hermann

    2015-05-15

    Antibodies against tumor-associated antigens have been found in serum of patients with various types of cancers and may serve as biomarkers for early detection of gastric cancer as well. This systematic review aims to give an overview about known autoantibodies and their diagnostic value in gastric cancer. We conducted a systematic literature search in two databases to identify studies which performed serological testing for autoantibodies in gastric cancer patients and controls. Data on study characteristics and results were extracted independently by two reviewers. Overall, 39 articles reporting the detection of 34 different autoantibodies met the inclusion criteria for this review. The most common antibody detection method was enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the most frequently assessed autoantibody was anti-p53, which was tested in 13 studies. Most antibodies were assessed in only one study and only few authors have evaluated the diagnostic value of combinations of multiple autoantibodies. For single autoantibodies, specificity was generally very high (median: 99.15%), but sensitivity was mostly rather low (median: 12.35%). For some autoantibody combinations, substantially higher sensitivity at reasonably high levels of specificity could be achieved. Development of extended and optimized multimarker panels of autoantibodies might be a promising approach for gastric cancer early detection.

  4. Testing breast cancer serum biomarkers for early detection and prognosis in pre-diagnosis samples

    PubMed Central

    Kazarian, Anna; Blyuss, Oleg; Metodieva, Gergana; Gentry-Maharaj, Aleksandra; Ryan, Andy; Kiseleva, Elena M; Prytomanova, Olga M; Jacobs, Ian J; Widschwendter, Martin; Menon, Usha; Timms, John F

    2017-01-01

    Background: Breast cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although mammography screening is available, there is an ongoing interest in improved early detection and prognosis. Herein, we have analysed a combination of serological biomarkers in a case–control cohort of sera taken before diagnosis. Methods: This nested case–control study within the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS) used serum samples from 239 women who subsequently developed breast cancer and 239 matched cancer-free controls. Sera were screened by ELISA for 9 candidate markers. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to examine associations with clinico-pathological features and between case controls in different time groups before diagnosis. Results: Significant associations with clinico-pathological features related to prognosis were found for several candidates (CA15-3, HSP90A and PAI-1). However, there were no consistent differences between cases and controls for any candidate in the lead up to diagnosis. Whilst combination models outperformed single markers, there was no increase in performance towards diagnosis. Conclusions: This study using unique pre-diagnosis samples shows that CA15-3, HSP90A and PAI-1 have potential as early prognostic markers and warrant further investigation. However, none of the candidates or combinations would be useful for screening. PMID:28081538

  5. Postoperative PTH monitoring of hypocalcemia expedites discharge after thyroidectomy.

    PubMed

    Chow, Tam-Lin; Choi, Chi-Yee; Chiu, Annie Nga-King

    2014-01-01

    Hypocalcemia is the most common complication after total thyroidectomy. Some patients need to stay in the hospital for monitoring of hypocalcemic symptoms and serum calcium levels for several days. We investigated the efficacy and safety of using early postoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) results for early discharge after thyroidectomy. A retrospective cohort study of 2 sequential groups of patients undergoing total thyroidectomy between January 2010 and March 2013 was undertaken. Patients were divided into 2 groups. In Group 1 (before June 2011), patients had daily monitoring of serum calcium level and hypocalcemic symptoms. They were discharged when calcium level was static and asymptomatic. Postoperative PTH was not utilized for discharge plan. In Group 2 (after June 2011), postoperative PTH and calcium level on day 1 were utilized to dictate subsequent management and discharge plan. Of the 107 patients reviewed, 54 (50.5%) were in Group 1 and 53 (49.5%) were in Group 2. A total of 51 (47.7%) patients developed hypocalcemia. The two groups were comparable in demographic data, early postoperative PTH value, rate of hypocalcemia, the need for oral calcium and vitamin D supplements and rate of permanent hypoparathyroidism. Fewer patients in Group 2 experienced hypocalcemic symptoms, p=0.005. None of the patients in Group 2 needed intravenous calcium supplement (p=0.003). The median postoperative hospital stay for Group 1 was 4 days and for Group 2 was 1 day (p<0.0001). Postoperative PTH level after total thyroidectomy facilitates early supplementation therapy and abates symptomatic hypocalcemia. It also allows early and safe patient discharge. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Association between serum lactate levels and early neurogenic pulmonary edema after nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage.

    PubMed

    Satoh, Etsuko; Tagami, Takashi; Watanabe, Akihiro; Matsumoto, Gaku; Suzuki, Go; Onda, Hidetaka; Fuse, Akira; Gemma, Akihiko; Yokota, Hiroyuki

    2014-01-01

    Few studies have described the risk factors associated with the development of neurological pulmonary edema (NPE) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We have hypothesized that acute-phase increases in serum lactate levels are associated with the early development of NPE following SAH. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between lactic acidosis and NPE in patients with nontraumatic SAH. We retrospectively evaluated 140 patients with nontraumatic SAH who were directly transported to the Nippon Medical School Hospital emergency room by the emergency medical services. We compared patients in whom NPE developed (NPE group) and those in whom it did not (non-NPE group). The median (quartiles 1-3) arrival time at the hospital was 32 minutes (28-38 minutes) after the emergency call was received. Although the characteristics of the NPE and non-NPE groups, including mean arterial pressure (121.3 [109.0-144.5] and 124.6 [108.7-142.6] mm Hg, respectively; P=0.96), were similar, the median pH and the bicarbonate ion (HCO3(-)) concentrations were significantly lower in the NPE group than in the non-NPE group (pH, 7.33 [7.28-7.37] vs. 7.39 [7.35-7.43]); P=0.002; HCO3(-), 20.8 [18.6-22.6] vs. 22.8 [20.9-24.7] mmol/L; P=0.01). The lactate concentration was significantly higher in the NPE group (54.0 [40.3-61.0] mg/dL) than in the non-NPE group (28.0 [17.0-37.5] mg/dL; P<0.001). Multivariable regression analysis indicated that younger age and higher glucose and lactate levels were significantly associated with the early onset of NPE in patients with SAH. The present findings indicate that an increased serum lactate level, occurring within 1 hour of the ictus, is an independent factor associated with the early onset of NPE. Multicenter prospective studies are required to confirm our results.

  7. Elevated serum uric acid after injury correlates with the early acute kidney in severe burns.

    PubMed

    Liang, Juan; Zhang, Ping; Hu, Xinlei; Zhi, Lizhu

    2015-12-01

    Early acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most serious and common complications in the early stage of severe burns, but the pathological mechanisms still need to be elucidated. High uric acid (UA) has been found to be correlated with renal dysfunction in some experimental and clinical studies; however, the study of the dynamic correlation between AKI and UA in severe burns is still lacking. The diagnosis and classification of AKI were performed according to RIFLE criteria, UA, serum creatinine (Scr), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and lactic acid (LA) were dynamically monitored within 2 days after injury in 59 severely burned patients. Within 2 days after injury, AKI occurred in 23 of 59 patients (risk in 12 cases, injury in seven cases and failure in four cases), UA level in AKI patients was significantly higher than that in No-AKI patients, and referring to the cutoff level of UA (375.5 μmol/l) from ROC curve for predicting AKI, the abnormal increase of UA levels was earlier than acute deterioration of renal function in most of the AKI patients after injury. Among AKI patients, the Scr/eGFR levels were closely related to UA levels for 2 days after injury. Moreover, UA level in cases with severe grade of AKI was significantly higher than that in those with less severe grade of AKI. Furthermore, there was a positive correlation between UA and CRP for 2 days after injury in AKI patients, and a significant correlation between CRP and Scr/eGFR was found 1 day after injury. The positive correlation was also found between LA and UA after injury in AKI patients. The results suggest that elevated serum UA after injury due to hypoxia is closely correlated with early AKI after severe burns, and UA-related aberrant inflammation also appears to be one of the pathogenic factors, providing the useful information for potential therapy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  8. Maternal Serum PLGF, PAPPA, β-hCG and AFP Levels in Early Second Trimester as Predictors of Preeclampsia.

    PubMed

    Duan, Honglei; Zhao, Guangfeng; Xu, Biyun; Hu, Suwei; Li, Jie

    2017-05-01

    Identifying women at risk of preeclampsia (PE) by maternal serum screening is conducive to prompt gestational management and thereby improve both maternal and perinatal outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the association between the concentrations of maternal serum placental growth factor (PLGF), pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPPA), free β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG), and αFetoprotein (AFP) and the development of preeclampsia early in the second trimester. Forty pregnant women subsequently developed mild PE, 21 pregnant women subsequently developed severe PE, and 61 cases of normotensive controls were included. Maternal serum concentrations of PLGF, PAPPA, β-hCG, and AFP were measured at 15 - 20 weeks of gestation. Serum PLGF level was lower in women who subsequently developed PE than in normotensive controls. However, the significant difference was only found between the severe PE and control groups (p = 0.015). Serum PAPPA, β-hCG, and AFP levels were not significantly different between the PE and control groups. Serum PLGF level was lower in women who subsequently developed severe PE early in the second trimester, suggesting its role in prediction of PE.

  9. Serum Metabolomic Profiles Identify ER-Positive Early Breast Cancer Patients at Increased Risk of Disease Recurrence in a Multicenter Population.

    PubMed

    Hart, Christopher D; Vignoli, Alessia; Tenori, Leonardo; Uy, Gemma Leonora; Van To, Ta; Adebamowo, Clement; Hossain, Syed Mozammel; Biganzoli, Laura; Risi, Emanuela; Love, Richard R; Luchinat, Claudio; Di Leo, Angelo

    2017-03-15

    Purpose: Detecting signals of micrometastatic disease in patients with early breast cancer (EBC) could improve risk stratification and allow better tailoring of adjuvant therapies. We previously showed that postoperative serum metabolomic profiles were predictive of relapse in a single-center cohort of estrogen receptor (ER)-negative EBC patients. Here, we investigated this further using preoperative serum samples from ER-positive, premenopausal women with EBC who were enrolled in an international phase III trial.Experimental Design: Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of 590 EBC samples (319 with relapse or ≥6 years clinical follow-up) and 109 metastatic breast cancer (MBC) samples was performed. A Random Forest (RF) classification model was built using a training set of 85 EBC and all MBC samples. The model was then applied to a test set of 234 EBC samples, and a risk of recurrence score was generated on the basis of the likelihood of the sample being misclassified as metastatic.Results: In the training set, the RF model separated EBC from MBC with a discrimination accuracy of 84.9%. In the test set, the RF recurrence risk score correlated with relapse, with an AUC of 0.747 in ROC analysis. Accuracy was maximized at 71.3% (sensitivity, 70.8%; specificity, 71.4%). The model performed independently of age, tumor size, grade, HER2 status and nodal status, and also of Adjuvant! Online risk of relapse score.Conclusions: In a multicenter group of EBC patients, we developed a model based on preoperative serum metabolomic profiles that was prognostic for disease recurrence, independent of traditional clinicopathologic risk factors. Clin Cancer Res; 23(6); 1422-31. ©2017 AACR. ©2017 American Association for Cancer Research.

  10. [Characteristics of postoperative peritonitis].

    PubMed

    Lock, J F; Eckmann, C; Germer, C-T

    2016-01-01

    Postoperative peritonitis is still a life-threatening complication after abdominal surgery and approximately 10,000 patients annually develop postoperative peritonitis in Germany. Early recognition and diagnosis before the onset of sepsis has remained a clinical challenge as no single specific screening test is available. The aim of therapy is a rapid and effective control of the source of infection and antimicrobial therapy. After diagnosis of diffuse postoperative peritonitis surgical revision is usually inevitable after intestinal interventions. Peritonitis after liver, biliary or pancreatic surgery is managed as a rule by means of differentiated therapy approaches depending on the severity.

  11. Duration of Fasting, Serum Lipids, and Metabolic Profile in Early Childhood.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Laura N; Maguire, Jonathon L; Lebovic, Gerald; Hanley, Anthony J; Hamilton, Jill; Adeli, Khosrow; McCrindle, Brian W; Borkhoff, Cornelia M; Parkin, Patricia C; Birken, Catherine S

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the association between fasting duration and lipid and metabolic test results. A cross-sectional study was conducted in healthy children aged 0-6 years from The Applied Research Group for Kids! (TARGet Kids!) primary care practice network, Toronto, Canada, 2008-2013. The associations between duration of fasting at blood collection and serum lipid tests and metabolic tests were evaluated using linear regression. Among 2713 young children with blood tests the fasting time ranged from 0 to 5 hours (1st and 99th percentiles). Fasting duration was not significantly associated with total cholesterol (β = 0.006; P = .629), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (β = 0.002; P = .708), low-density lipoprotein (β = 0.0013; P = .240), non-HDL (β = 0.004; P = .744), or triglycerides (β = -0.016; P = .084) adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, maternal ethnicity, and time of blood draw. Glucose, insulin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance were significantly associated with fasting duration, and the average percent change between 0 and 5 hours was -7.2%, -67.1%, and -69.9%, respectively. The effect of fasting on lipid or metabolic test results did not differ by age or sex; HDL and triglycerides may differ by weight status. In this cohort of healthy young children, we found little evidence to support the need for fasting prior to measurement of lipids. The effect of fasting on glucose was small and may not be clinically important. When measuring serum lipid tests in early childhood, fasting makes a very small difference. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT0186953. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Serum Levels of Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide as a Prognostic Marker in Early Arthritis

    PubMed Central

    Martínez, Carmen; Ortiz, Ana M.; Juarranz, Yasmina; Lamana, Amalia; Seoane, Iria V.; Leceta, Javier; García-Vicuña, Rosario

    2014-01-01

    Objective Suitable biomarkers are essential for the design of therapeutic strategies in personalized medicine. Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has demonstrated immunomodulatory properties in autoimmune murine and ex vivo human models. Our aim was to study serum levels of VIP during the follow-up of an early arthritis (EA) cohort and to analyze its value as a biomarker predicting severity and therapeutic requirements. Methods Data from 91 patients on an EA register were analyzed (76% rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 24% undifferentiated arthritis, 73% women, and median age 54 years; median disease duration at entry, 5.4 months). We collected per protocol sociodemographic, clinical, and therapeutic data. VIP levels were determined by enzyme immunoassay in sera harvested from the 91 patients (353 visits; 3.9 visit/patient) and from 100 healthy controls. VIP values below the 25th percentile of those assessed in healthy population were considered low. To determine the effect of independent variables on VIP levels, we performed a longitudinal multivariate analysis nested by patient and visit. A multivariate ordered logistic regression was modeled to determine the effect of low VIP serum levels on disease activity at the end of follow-up. Results VIP concentrations varied considerably across EA patients. Those fulfilling the criteria for RA had the lowest values in the whole sample, although no significant differences were observed compared with healthy donors. Disease activity, which was assessed using DAS28, inversely correlated with VIP levels. After a two-year follow-up, those patients with low baseline levels of VIP displayed higher disease activity and received more intensive treatment. Conclusion Patients who are unable to up-regulate VIP seem to have a worse clinical course despite receiving more intense treatment. Therefore, measurement of VIP levels may be suitable as a prognostic biomarker. PMID:24409325

  13. Combining CA 125 and SMR serum markers for diagnosis and early detection of ovarian carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    McIntosh, M.W.; Drescher, C.; Karlan, B.; Scholler, N.; Urban, N.; Hellstrom, K.E.; Hellstrom, I.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives The serum tumor marker CA 125 is elevated in most clinically advanced ovarian carcinomas. Because these elevations may precede clinical detection by a year or more, CA 125 is potentially useful for early detection as part of an ovarian cancer screening program. However, CA 125 is often not elevated in clinically detected cancer and is frequently elevated in women with benign ovarian tumors. CA 125 may be more useful in conjunction with one or more other tumor biomarkers. Additional markers could play a role if, when used with CA 125, they identify some carcinomas missed by CA 125 (i.e., they improve sensitivity), rule out false positives (i.e., improve specificity), or are able to detect the same cancers earlier. Methods We have evaluated a composite marker (CM) that combines CA 125 and a previously described soluble mesothelin related (SMR) marker in sera from 52 ovarian cancer cases, 43 controls with benign ovarian tumors, and 220 normal risk controls who participated in a screening program, including 25 healthy women having two serum samples collected 1 year apart. CA 125, SMR, and CM were evaluated for their ability to identify clinical disease and for their temporal stability, which assesses their ability to obtain even greater sensitivity when used in a longitudinal screening program. Results CM has the best sensitivity, with specificity equal to CA 125. Importantly, CM has temporal stability at least as high as CA 125. Conclusion The CM may outperform CA 125 alone in a longitudinal screening program as well as in a diagnostic setting. PMID:15385104

  14. Radiological contribution to the diagnosis of early postoperative complications after lung resection for primary tumor: a revisional study

    PubMed Central

    Priola, Adriano Massimiliano; Priola, Sandro Massimo; Boccuzzi, Francesco; Dervishi, Najada; Lisi, Elena; Veltri, Andrea; Ardissone, Francesco

    2016-01-01

    In the post-operative course of the interventions of lung resection for primary tumor, complications of different nature and severity can arise, recognizing different pathogenetic mechanisms and differing according to the type of resection performed and to the time elapsed after surgery. The low diagnostic accuracy of chest radiography requires a thorough knowledge of the radiologist about all radiographic findings, both normal and pathological, which can be found in the immediate post-operative period (within 30 days after surgery). This article aims to describe the incidence, the clinical features and the radiological aspects of immediate complications following pulmonary resections, with specific reference to those in which the diagnostic imaging provides a fundamental contribution. PMID:27621893

  15. Early Postoperative Outcomes in Breast Conservation Surgery Versus Simple Mastectomy with Implant Reconstruction: A NSQIP Analysis of 11,645 Patients.

    PubMed

    Pyfer, Bryan; Chatterjee, Abhishek; Chen, Lilian; Nigriny, John; Czerniecki, Brian; Tchou, Julia; Fisher, Carla

    2016-01-01

    Little has been studied that compares early postoperative outcomes between breast conservation surgery (BCS) and simple mastectomy with implant reconstruction (SM). Our goal was to utilize a large-volume database to compare such outcomes in women with early stage breast cancer. The National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was searched for patients who underwent partial or complete mastectomy between 2009 and 2012. Exclusion criteria eliminated potential confounding factors. We compared preoperative comorbidities and postoperative complication rates between each treatment group by Chi square and two-sample t tests; we also determined the odds ratios for the likelihood of adverse events in a number of categories. A total of 11,645 patients met the study criteria: 9571 underwent BCS and 2074 underwent SM with implant reconstruction. The baseline characteristics of the two groups showed significant differences for age (61.7 years in BCS, 53.5 years in SM), body mass index (29.6 kg/m(2) in BCS, 27.0 kg/m(2) in SM), and rates of hypertension (47.0 % in BCS, 25.6 % in SM), coronary artery disease (1.3 % in BCS, 0.6 % in SM), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2.4 % in BCS, 1.0 % in SM), and diabetes (11.7 % in BCS, 5.9 % in SM). Statistical analysis between each treatment modality revealed that the SM with implant group had significantly higher total complication (5.5 vs. 2.1 % in BCS), wound (2.8 vs. 1.4 % in BCS), infection (1.9 vs. 0.4 % in BCS), and bleeding (0.2 vs. 0.05 % in BCS) rates than the BCS group. BCS has fewer overall early postoperative wound, infectious, and bleeding complications despite a significantly higher rate of preexisting risk factors.

  16. Significant correlation of comprehensive Aristotle score with total cardiac output during the early postoperative period after the Norwood procedure.

    PubMed

    Li, Jia; Zhang, Gencheng; Holtby, Helen; Cai, Sally; Walsh, Mark; Caldarone, Christopher A; Van Arsdell, Glen S

    2008-07-01

    The comprehensive Aristotle score has been proposed as an individualized measure of the complexity of a given surgical procedure and has been reported to significantly correlate with postoperative morbidity and mortality after the Norwood procedure. An important factor leading to postoperative morbidity and mortality is low cardiac output. We studied the correlation between the comprehensive Aristotle score and cardiac output (CO) in infants after the Norwood procedure. Respiratory mass spectrometry was used to continuously measure systemic oxygen consumption (VO(2)) in 22 infants for 72 hours postoperatively. Arterial, superior vena caval and pulmonary venous blood gases were measured at 2 to 4 hour intervals to calculate CO. The comprehensive Aristotle score was collected. Hospital mortality was 4.5%. The comprehensive Aristotle score ranged from 14.5 to 23.5 and negatively correlated with CO (P = 0.027). Among the patient-adjusted factors, myocardial dysfunction (n = 10), mechanical ventilation to treat cardiorespiratory failure (n = 9) and atrioventricular valve regurgitation (n = 4) (P = 0.01) negatively correlated with CO (P = 0.06 to 0.07). Aortic atresia (n = 9) was associated with a lower CO (P = 0.01) for the first 24 hours which linearly increased overtime (P = 0.0001). No correlation was found between CO and other factors (P > 0.3 for all). Comprehensive Aristotle score significantly negatively correlates with CO after the Norwood procedure. A preoperative estimation of the comprehensive Aristotle score, particularly in association with myocardial dysfunction, mechanical ventilation to treat cardiorespiratory failure, atrioventricular valve regurgitation and aortic atresia may help to anticipate a high postoperative morbidity with low cardiac output syndrome.

  17. Surgical anatomy, transperitoneal approach, and early postoperative complications of a ventral lumbar spine surgical model in Lewis rats.

    PubMed

    Damle, Sheela R; Krzyzanowska, Agata; Frawley, Robert J; Cunningham, Matthew E

    2013-10-01

    Surgical models in animals are used extensively to study small molecules and devices for lumbar intervertebral disc repair, replacement, and fusion. Although the ventral lumbar animal models themselves are well described, critical assessment of morbidity and mortality avoidance when using the models have not been reported. Hypothesizing that technique modifications and the relative prevalence and severity of complications would be correlated, we collected and examined peri- and postoperative data stratified by surgical technique. We here report complications associated with the transperitoneal approach to the lumbar spine in 268 Lewis rats and offer data-driven suggestions regarding complication avoidance through technique modification. Compared with wider exposure, limiting the width of exposure to a maximum of 3 mm resulted in fewer neurologic complications in the lower limbs. In addition, avoiding extracorporeal reflection of the small intestine during the exposure was associated with lower incidence of postoperative gastrointestinal distress and fewer situations requiring euthanasia. These findings underscore the importance of detailed approaches in minimizing postoperative morbidity and attrition in surgical models.

  18. Identification of A Panel of Serum microRNAs as Biomarkers for Early Detection of Lung Adenocarcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Lv, Shaogang; Xue, Jian; Wu, Chuanyong; Wang, Lin; Wu, Jing; Xu, Shujun; Liang, Xiaohui; Lou, Jiatao

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Since currently no sensitive and specific biomarkers for early detection of lung adenocarcinoma (AD) exist and the majority of AD patients are diagnosed at late stages of disease, the development of effective screening tests for early-stage lung AD is urgently needed. Serum microRNAs (miRNAs) have been documented as novel noninvasive biomarkers in tumor diagnosis; thus, we studied the profile of serum miRNA in AD patients in order to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs as potential biomarkers for early detection of AD. Patients and Methods: Serum samples were collected from 180 AD patients and 180 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Serum miRNA profiling was performed by low-density array (LDA) using RNA extracted from blood samples of 20 patients and 20 controls. To validate the selected miRNAs, a stem-loop based RT-qPCR assay was used and serum samples from 160 patients and 160 controls were examined. Results: Profiling data showed 11 differentially expressed miRNAs in the serum samples from AD patients compared with the controls. Among them, 6 selected miRNAs in AD patients, including miR-103, miR-146a, miR-151, miR-21, miR-221, miR-222, and miR-223, were validated by RT-qPCR. In particular, the top three, miR-146a, miR-222, and miR-223, were confirmed to be significantly expressed in stage I/II AD patients compared with healthy controls. Conclusion: A panel of miRNAs with miR-146a, miR-222 and miR-223 could be used as potential noninvasive biomarkers for early detection of AD. PMID:28123597

  19. Association between early pregnancy vitamin D status and changes in serum lipid profiles throughout pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Lepsch, Jaqueline; Eshriqui, Ilana; Farias, Dayana Rodrigues; Vaz, Juliana S; Cunha Figueiredo, Amanda C; Adegboye, Amanda Rodrigues Amorim; Brito, Alex; Mokhtar, Rana; Allen, Lindsay H; Holick, Michael F; Kac, Gilberto

    2017-05-01

    To evaluate the associations between first trimester 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] status and changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) concentrations, TG/HDL-c, and TC/HDL-c ratios throughout pregnancy. We hypothesized that first trimester 25(OH)D inadequacy is associated with lower concentrations of HDL-c and higher LDL-c, TC, TG, TG/HDL-c, and TC/HDL-c ratios throughout pregnancy. A prospective cohort study with 3 visits at 5-13 (baseline), 20-26, and 30-36 gestational weeks, recruited 194 pregnant women attending a public health care center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Plasma 25(OH)D concentrations were measured in the first trimester using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. 25(OH)D concentrations were classified as adequate (≥75nmol/L) or inadequate (<75nmol/L). Serum TC, HDL-c, and TG concentrations were measured enzymatically. Crude and adjusted longitudinal linear mixed-effects models were employed to evaluate the association between the first trimester 25(OH)D status and changes in serum lipid concentrations throughout pregnancy. Confounders adjusted for in the multiple analysis were age, homeostatic model assessment (HOMA), early pregnancy BMI, leisure time physical activity before pregnancy, energy intake, and gestational age. At baseline, 69% of the women had inadequate concentrations of 25(OH)D. Women with 25(OH)D inadequacy had higher mean LDL-c than those with adequate concentrations (91.3 vs. 97.5mg/dL; P=0.064) at baseline. TC, HDL-c, LDL-c TG, TG/HDL-c ratios, and TC/HDL-c ratios, increased throughout pregnancy independently of 25(OH)D concentrations (ANOVA for repeated measures P<0.001). The adjusted models showed direct associations between the first trimester 25(OH)D status and changes in TC (β=9.53; 95%CI=1.12-17.94), LDL-c (β=9.99; 95% CI=3.62-16.36) concentrations, and TC/HDL-c ratios (β=0.16; 95% CI=0.01-0.31) throughout

  20. Interleukin 15 Levels in Serum May Predict a Severe Disease Course in Patients with Early Arthritis

    PubMed Central

    González-Álvaro, Isidoro; Ortiz, Ana M.; Alvaro-Gracia, José María; Castañeda, Santos; Díaz-Sánchez, Belen; Carvajal, Inmaculada; García-Vadillo, J. Alberto; Humbría, Alicia; López-Bote, J. Pedro; Patiño, Esther; Tomero, Eva G.; Vicente, Esther F.; Sabando, Pedro; García-Vicuña, Rosario

    2011-01-01

    Background Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is thought to be involved in the physiopathological mechanisms of RA and it can be detected in the serum and the synovial fluid of inflamed joints in patients with RA but not in patients with osteoarthritis or other inflammatory joint diseases. Therefore, the objective of this work is to analyse whether serum IL-15 (sIL-15) levels serve as a biomarker of disease severity in patients with early arthritis (EA). Methodology and Results Data from 190 patients in an EA register were analysed (77.2% female; median age 53 years; 6-month median disease duration at entry). Clinical and treatment information was recorded systematically, especially the prescription of disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. Two multivariate longitudinal analyses were performed with different dependent variables: 1) DAS28 and 2) a variable reflecting intensive treatment. Both included sIL-15 as predictive variable and other variables associated with disease severity, including rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA). Of the 171 patients (638 visits analysed) completing the follow-up, 71% suffered rheumatoid arthritis and 29% were considered as undifferentiated arthritis. Elevated sIL-15 was detected in 29% of this population and this biomarker did not overlap extensively with RF or ACPA. High sIL-15 levels (β Coefficient [95% confidence interval]: 0.12 [0.06–0.18]; p<0.001) or ACPA (0.34 [0.01–0.67]; p = 0.044) were significantly and independently associated with a higher DAS28 during follow-up, after adjusting for confounding variables such as gender, age and treatment. In addition, those patients with elevated sIL-15 had a significantly higher risk of receiving intensive treatment (RR 1.78, 95% confidence interval 1.18–2.7; p = 0.007). Conclusions Patients with EA displaying high baseline sIL-15 suffered a more severe disease and received more intensive treatment. Thus, sIL-15 may be a biomarker for

  1. Serum Amyloid A Facilitates Early Lesion Development in Ldlr−/− Mice

    PubMed Central

    Krishack, Paulette A; Bhanvadia, Clarissa V; Lukens, John; Sontag, Timothy J; De Beer, Maria C; Getz, Godfrey S; Reardon, Catherine A

    2015-01-01

    Background Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder, and several studies have demonstrated a positive association between plasma serum amyloid A (SAA) levels and cardiovascular disease risk. The aim of the study was to examine whether SAA has a role in atherogenesis, the underlying basis of most cardiovascular disease. Methods and Results Mice globally deficient in acute-phase isoforms Saa1 and Saa2 (Saa−/−) were crossed to Ldlr−/− mice (Saa−/−Ldlr−/−). Saa−/−Ldlr−/− mice demonstrated a 31% reduction in lesional area in the ascending aorta but not in the aortic root or innominate artery after consuming a high-fat, high-cholesterol Western-type diet for 6 weeks. The lesions were predominantly macrophage foam cells. The phenotype was lost in more mature lesions in mice fed a Western-type diet for 12 weeks, suggesting that SAA is involved in early lesion development. The decreased atherosclerosis in the Saa−/−Ldlr−/− mice occurred despite increased levels of blood monocytes and was independent of plasma lipid levels. SAA is produced predominantly by hepatocytes and macrophages. To determine which source of SAA may have a dominant role in lesion development, bone marrow transplantation was performed. Ldlr−/− mice that received bone marrow from Saa−/−Ldlr−/− mice had slightly reduced ascending aorta atherosclerosis compared with Saa−/−Ldlr−/− mice receiving bone marrow from Ldlr−/− mice, indicating that the expression of SAA by macrophages may have an important influence on atherogenesis. Conclusions The results indicate that SAA produced by macrophages promotes early lesion formation in the ascending aorta. PMID:26187995

  2. Posterior cruciate-substituting total knee replacement recovers the flexion arc faster in the early postoperative period in knees with high varus deformity: a prospective randomized study.

    PubMed

    Öztürk, Alpaslan; Akalın, Yavuz; Çevik, Nazan; Otuzbir, Ali; Özkan, Yüksel; Dostabakan, Yasin

    2016-07-01

    Posterior cruciate retention (CR) and substitution (PS) has been controversial in knee replacement surgery. Satisfactory medium and long-term results have been reported in knees with and without deformity but there are limited studies about early functional comparison in terms of recovery of flexion arc, stair activity, walking ability and straight leg raising, especially, in early postoperative period in knees with deformity. Therefore, we aimed to compare the flexion arc in CR and PS knees in postoperative first year including early postoperative days prospectively. Consecutive patients with a deformity of >10° were included and allocated to CR and PS groups randomly. KSS and Feller-patella scores were recorded both preoperatively and postoperatively (1st, 2nd, 3rd and 12th months). Flexion and extension were measured both preoperatively and postoperatively (1st, 2nd, 3rd day and discharge day as well as 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 12th months). Visual analog scale (VAS) was recorded postoperatively at the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and discharge day and at 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 12th months. The walking ability, stair activity and straight leg raising were recorded. Patients were also examined at the last visit with minimum 7-year follow-up with KSS, Feller-patella and VAS scores. Their mean flexion arcs were measured and recorded. There were 61 TKR evaluated. KSS knee and function scores at the 3rd month and KSS Knee Score at 1st year were superior in PS knees (p = 0.029, p = 0.046, p = 0.026). Flexion arc was found larger on day 1, 2, 3 and discharge day, and at 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 12th month in PS group (p = 0.048, p = 0.002, p = 0.027, p = 0.043, p = 0.014, p = 0.003, p = 0.002, p = 0.018). Walking and stair activity showed no difference but straight leg raising was better in CR knees (p = 0.02). Mean flexion arc was larger in PS knees at the last visit after 7 years (119.0° ± 7.5° in PS and 113.8° ± 8.7° in CR, p = 0.02). There was no revision

  3. Hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia and increased serum potassium concentration as distinctive features of early hypomagnesemia in magnesium-deprived mice.

    PubMed

    Ortega, Bernardo; MacWilliams, Jacob R; Dey, Jason M; Courtright, Valerie B

    2015-12-01

    Magnesium-deficient patients show dysfunctional calcium (Ca(2+)) metabolism due to defective parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. In mice and rats, long-term magnesium (Mg(2+)) deprivation causes hyperphosphaturia and increases fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) secretion, despite normal serum phosphate (Pi) and Ca(2+). Electrolyte disturbances during early hypomagnesemia may explain the response of mice to long-term Mg(2+) deprivation, but our knowledge of electrolyte homeostasis during this stage is limited. This study compares the effect of both short- and long-term Mg(2+) restriction on the electrolyte balance in mice. Mice were fed control or Mg(2+)-deficient diets for one to three days, one week, or three weeks. Prior to killing the mice, urine was collected over 24 h using metabolic cages. Within 24 h of Mg(2+) deprivation, hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia developed, and after three days of Mg(2+) deprivation, serum potassium (K(+)) was increased. These changes were accompanied by a reduction in urinary volume, hyperphosphaturia, hypocalciuria and decreased Mg(2+), sodium (Na(+)) and K(+) excretion. Surprisingly, after one week of Mg(2+) deprivation, serum K(+), Pi and Ca(2+) had normalized, showing that mineral homeostasis is most affected during early hypomagnesemia. Serum Pi and K(+) are known to stimulate secretion of FGF23 and aldosterone, which are usually elevated during Mg(2+) deficiency. Thus, the hyperphosphatemia and increased serum K(+) concentration observed during short-term Mg(2+) deprivation may help our understanding of adaptation to chronic Mg(2+) deficiency.

  4. Postoperative Delirium

    PubMed Central

    Marcantonio, Edward R.

    2013-01-01

    Delirium (acute confusion) complicates 15% to 50% of major operations in older adults and is associated with other major postoperative complications, prolonged length of stay, poor functional recovery, institutionalization, dementia, and death. Importantly, delirium may be predictable and preventable through proactive intervention. Yet clinicians fail to recognize and address postoperative delirium in up to 80% of cases. Using the case of Ms R, a 76-year-old woman who developed delirium first after colectomy with complications and again after routine surgery, the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of delirium in the postoperative setting is reviewed. The risk of postoperative delirium can be quantified by the sum of predisposing and precipitating factors. Successful strategies for prevention and treatment of delirium include proactive multifactorial intervention targeted to reversible risk factors, limiting use of sedating medications (especially benzodiazepines), effective management of postoperative pain, and, perhaps, judicious use of antipsychotics. PMID:22669559

  5. Stroke volume variation as a predictor of intravascular volume depression and possible hypotension during the early postoperative period after esophagectomy.

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Makoto; Koh, Masayoshi; Irinoda, Takashi; Meguro, Eiji; Hayakawa, Yoshiro; Takagane, Akinori

    2009-05-01

    Perioperative hypotension during esophagectomy results from hypovolemia caused by a shift of extracellular fluid from the intravascular to the extravascular compartment. Fluid management is often difficult to gauge during major surgery because there are no reliable indicators of fluid status, and some patients still experience cardiorespiratory instability. In this retrospective study, we evaluated stroke volume variation (SVV), calculated by using a new arterial pressure-based cardiac output measurement device, as a predictor for fluid responsiveness after esophageal surgery. Eighteen patients undergoing esophagectomy with extended radical lymphadenectomy were monitored by the FloTrac sensor/Vigileo monitor system during the perioperative and immediate postoperative period. Fluid responsiveness was assessed and compared with concurrent SVV and central venous pressure (CVP) values, and routine hemodynamic variables. Eleven of 18 patients needed additional volume loading within the first 10 postoperative hours as a result of hypotension. The maximum SVV value of fluid resuscitated patients was >15% in all cases, whereas six of seven patients without postoperative hypotension had maximum SVV values of <15%. The correlation between SVV and the development of hypotension was statistically significant (P = 0.0012). From the linear correlation analysis of hemodynamic variables influenced by additional fluid loading, SVV was significantly correlated to cardiac output (r = 0.638; P = 0.049), whereas CVP was not (P > 0.05). We conclude that SVV, as displayed on the Vigileo monitor, is an accurate predictor of intravascular hypovolemia and is a useful indicator for assessing the appropriateness and timing of applying fluid for improving circulatory stability during the perioperative period after esophagectomy.

  6. Prospective evaluation of early postoperative male and female sexual function after radical prostatectomy with erectile nerves preservation.

    PubMed

    Tran, S-N; Wirth, G J; Mayor, G; Rollini, C; Bianchi-Demicheli, F; Iselin, C E

    2015-01-01

    Prostate cancer screening has led to the diagnosis of localized prostate cancer in increasingly young and sexually active men. Accordingly, the impact of cancer treatment on sexual function is gaining more attention. To prospectively evaluate the impact of radical prostatectomy (RP) on male, female and conjugal sexual function. Patients were prospectively assessed by an urologist and a sexologist before and 6 months after robot-assisted laparoscopic RP (RALP). RALP was performed with uni- or bilateral neurovascular bundle preservation by a single surgeon. Postoperatively, all patients were prescribed tadalafil 20 mg, 3 times a week during 6 months. Male and female sexual functions were evaluated by using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5), the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Lock-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test (MAT). Continuous variables were analyzed with rank-sum and t-tests, as needed, and categorical variables with chi-squared tests. All tests were two-sided, with a P-value ⩽ 0.05 considered significant. Twenty-one couples were included. Mean patient male and female age was 62.4 and 60.7 years, respectively. Bilateral nerve sparing was performed in 12/21 (57%) patients. Median preoperative IIEF-5 was 20/25, corresponding to mild erectile dysfunction (ED). Median preoperative FSFI and MAT were both within normal range (28/36 and 114/158, respectively). Six months following surgery, both IIEF-5 (11/25) and FSFI (25/36) had significantly dropped (P=0.007 and 0.003, respectively). Postoperative decreases in IIEF-5 and FSFI scores were associated within couples. MAT scores (115/158), however, remained unaffected by RALP, showing an unmodified relationship satisfaction postoperatively. Finally, bilateral nerve sparing surgery preserved not only male but also female sexual function. This study shows that the expected short-term post-RALP ED is associated with a worsening of female sexual function, whereas nerve sparing surgery has a

  7. Frontal planar QRS/T angle can be a prognostic factor in the early postoperative period of patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery.

    PubMed

    Karabacak, Kubilay; Celik, Murat; Gokoglan, Yalcin; Kadan, Murat; Kaya, Erkan; Doganci, Suat; Yildirim, Vedat; Demirkilic, Ufuk

    2014-12-01

    Wide QRS/T angle reflects the ventricular repolarization heterogeneity and has been found in association with cardiac morbidity and mortality in various study populations. However, literature data about the availability of QRS/T angle in patients undergoing cardiac surgery has not yet been available. A total of 157 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery were included in this study. A preoperative 12-lead ECG was obtained one day before surgical procedure. The absolute difference between the frontal QRS wave axes and T-wave axes was defined as frontal planar QRS/T angle. Afterwards, patients were divided into two groups according to their frontal planar QRS/T angle (the cut-off value as 90°). Group 1 consisted of 109 patients with frontal planar QRS/T angle of <90, and the remaining 48 patients with frontal planar QRS/T angle 90 were placed into group 2. Mean EuroSCORE was much higher in group 2. There were significant differences for positive inotropic agent usage (27.5% for group 1 versus 58.3% for group 2, P < .001) and the prevalence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (11.9% for group 1 versus 31.2% for group 2, P = .004) between the two groups. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, used to determine the independent predictors of positive inotropic usage in the early postoperative period, only frontal planar QRS/T angle (OR: 0.989, 95% CI: 0.981-0.997, P = .008) and EuroSCORE (OR: 0.792, 95% CI: 0.646-0.971, P = .025) were found to be statistically significant. We found that frontal planar QRS/T angle might be an important preoperative parameter in predicting the need for inotropic drugs in the early postoperative period following coronary artery bypass surgery.

  8. Early functional rehabilitation or cast immobilisation for the postoperative management of acute Achilles tendon rupture? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

    PubMed

    McCormack, R; Bovard, J

    2015-10-01

    To determine which postoperative rehabilitation regime is superior following surgical repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture. The primary outcomes were patient safety and satisfaction. Intervention meta-analysis. The MEDLINE and CINAHL electronic databases were searched from their date of inception until June 2015 using keywords related to acute Achilles tendon rupture, surgical repair and rehabilitation. The electronic database search was supplemented with forward citation tracking using the Web of Science. Randomised controlled trials comparing clinical and/or patient-reported outcomes between patients receiving early functional postoperative ankle motion and weight bearing (bracing group), and traditional ankle immobilisation with a non-weight bearing rigid cast (cast group) were eligible for inclusion. Fourteen articles were identified as potentially eligible; 10 sufficient-quality randomised controlled trials involving 570 patients were included for meta-analysis. A high proportion of patients were able to return to prior employment and sporting activity in both groups. Five of the six trials measuring the time interval showed a faster return to prior sporting level in the bracing group. Subjective patient outcomes were significantly better in the bracing group (for good and excellent results, p=0.01; OR, 3.13; 95% CI 1.30 to 7.53). There was no difference in major complications between the two groups (p=0.21; RD, -0.03; 95% CI -0.06 to 0.01). Dynamometry and anthropometry measurements favoured functional rehabilitation at 6-12 weeks postoperation; however, by 6 months postoperative, the differences were negligible. Compared to traditional ankle immobilisation, with a non-weight bearing cast following surgical repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture, early dynamic functional rehabilitation is as safe with higher patient satisfaction. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to

  9. Preclinical Alterations in the Serum of COL(IV)A3(-)/(-) Mice as Early Biomarkers of Alport Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Muckova, Petra; Wendler, Sindy; Rubel, Diana; Büchler, Rita; Alert, Mandy; Gross, Oliver; Rhode, Heidrun

    2015-12-04

    The efficiency of the inhibition of the angiotensin converting enzyme, the most widely used therapy for the Alport syndrome, depends on the onset of the therapy-the earlier the better. Hence, early progressive biomarkers are urgently required to allow for preclinical diagnosis, an early start of possible therapy as well as the monitoring of this therapy. In the present study, an improved comprehensive and precise proteomic approach has been applied to the serum of juvenile Alport-mice, nontreated and treated, and wild-type controls of various ages to search for biomarkers. With a total of 2542 stringently altered proteins, the serum composition clearly shows a dependency on age, that is, stage, and therapy. Initially, the serum constituents indicate an enhanced extracellular matrix remodeling, cell damage, and the production of particular acute phase proteins. A panel of 15 potential biomarker candidates has been identified. In later stages, renal filtration failure and systemic acute phase reaction determine the composition of the serum; an effect that is well-known for manifested human Alport syndrome. With a small number of mouse urine samples, for example, the proteomic results for gelsolin could be verified using ELISA. Once verified in man, these early biomarkers would allow for a sensitive and specific diagnosis of the Alport syndrome in children as well as facilitate the monitoring of a possible therapy.

  10. A prospective randomized blinded clinical trial: large-volume nasal irrigation with fluticasone propionate in the early postoperative period following septoplasty.

    PubMed

    Tugrul, Selahattin; Dogan, Remzi; Senturk, Erol; Eren, Sabri Baki; Meric, Aysenur; Ozturan, Orhan

    2015-07-01

    The aim of this study was to compare 2 methods of nasal irrigation after septoplasty. The combined use of low-pressure, high-volume nasal saline (LPHVNS) irrigation, together with fluticasone propionate (FP) (LPHVNS+FP), was compared with high-pressure, low-volume nasal saline (HPLVNS) irrigation during the early postoperative period following septoplasty. Seventy-three patients undergoing septoplasty for nasal obstruction were recruited for the study. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups; nasal irrigation was applied for 4 weeks in both groups. Group 1 (n = 40) used HPLVNS irrigation. Group 2 (n = 33) used the LPHVNS+FP combination. The patients were evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS), Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE), nasal examination scores, acoustic rhinometry, rhinomanometry, and peak nasal inspiratory flowmetry (PNIF) measurements. In group 2, the increase in VAS results was more prominent than in group 1. NOSE scores were significantly lower in group 2 than in group 1. The nasal examination revealed that group 2 had less edema and less crusting than group 1. The decrease in nasal airway resistance was significantly higher in group 2. The PNIF values increased to a significantly greater extent in group 2 than in group 1. Nasal irrigation with the LPHVNS+FP combination during the early postoperative period following septoplasty is an effective method, resulting not only in increased patient satisfaction and nasal air flow but also in decreased edema and crust formation. © 2015 ARS-AAOA, LLC.

  11. Long-term effect of early postnatal overnutrition on insulin resistance and serum fatty acid profiles in male rats.

    PubMed

    Bei, Fei; Jia, Jia; Jia, Yi-Qun; Sun, Jian-Hua; Liang, Fei; Yu, Zhong-Yi; Cai, Wei

    2015-08-26

    Increasing evidence suggests that overnutrition during the early postnatal period, a critical window of development, increases the risk of adult-onset obesity and insulin resistance. In this study, we investigated the impact of overnutrition during the suckling period on body weight, serum biochemistry and serum fatty acid metabolomics in male rats. Rats raised in small litters (SL, 3 pups/dam) and normal litters (NL, 10 pups/dam) were used to model early postnatal overnutrition and control, respectively. Serum glucose, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, free fatty acid, insulin and leptin concentrations were assayed using standard biochemical techniques. Serum fatty acids were identified and quantified using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomic approach. mRNA and protein levels of key components of the insulin receptor signaling pathway were measured in epididymal fat and gastrocnemius muscle by quantitative PCR and western blotting. SL rats were 37.3 % and 15.1 % heavier than NL rats at weaning and 16-weeks-old, respectively. They had increased visceral fat mass, adult-onset insulin resistance and glucose intolerance as well as elevated serum levels of free fatty acids and triglycerides. All detectable fatty acids were elevated in the serum of SL pups at weaning compared to NL controls, and significant increases in the levels of four fatty acids (palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, oleic acid and arachidonic acid) persisted into adulthood. Moreover, a significantly positive correlation was identified between an insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) and concentrations of myristic, palmitic, palmitoleic and oleic acid in serum at postnatal 16 weeks. Early postnatal overnutrition also resulted in a significant downregulation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (Irs-1), protein kinase B (Akt2) and glucose transporter 4 (Glut4) at the protein level in epididymal fat of SL rats at 16 weeks, accompanied by decreased mRNA levels for Irs-1 and

  12. Early application of pulsed electromagnetic field in the treatment of postoperative delayed union of long-bone fractures: a prospective randomized controlled study.

    PubMed

    Shi, Hong-fei; Xiong, Jin; Chen, Yi-xin; Wang, Jun-fei; Qiu, Xu-sheng; Wang, Yin-he; Qiu, Yong

    2013-01-19

    Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) is reported to be an effective adjunct for the management of nonunion long-bone fractures. Most studies implement PEMF treatment after 6 months or longer of delayed union or nonunion following fracture treatment. Despite these variations in treatment, the early application of PEMF following a diagnosis of a postoperative delayed union has not been specifically analyzed. In this study, the outcomes of postoperative delayed union of long-bone fractures treated with an early application of PEMF were evaluated as compared with a sham-treated control group. In this prospective, randomized controlled study, a total of 58 long-bone fracture patients, who presented with delayed union of between 16 weeks and 6 months, were randomly split into two groups and subjected to an early application of PEMF or sham treatment. Clinical and radiological assessments were performed to evaluate the healing status. Treatment efficacy was assessed at three month intervals. Patients in the PEMF group showed a higher rate of union than those in the control group after the first three months of treatment, but this difference failed to achieve statistical significance. At the end of the study, PEMF treatment conducted for an average of 4.8 months led to a success rate of 77.4%. This was significantly higher than the control, which had an average duration of 4.4 months and a success rate of 48.1%. The total time from operation to the end of the study was a mean of 9.6 months for patients in the PEMF group. Fracture patients treated with an early application of PEMF achieved a significantly increased rate of union and an overall reduced suffering time compared with patients that receive PEMF after the 6 months or more of delayed union, as described by others.

  13. Early application of pulsed electromagnetic field in the treatment of postoperative delayed union of long-bone fractures: a prospective randomized controlled study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) is reported to be an effective adjunct for the management of nonunion long-bone fractures. Most studies implement PEMF treatment after 6 months or longer of delayed union or nonunion following fracture treatment. Despite these variations in treatment, the early application of PEMF following a diagnosis of a postoperative delayed union has not been specifically analyzed. In this study, the outcomes of postoperative delayed union of long-bone fractures treated with an early application of PEMF were evaluated as compared with a sham-treated control group. Methods In this prospective, randomized controlled study, a total of 58 long-bone fracture patients, who presented with delayed union of between 16 weeks and 6 months, were randomly split into two groups and subjected to an early application of PEMF or sham treatment. Clinical and radiological assessments were performed to evaluate the healing status. Treatment efficacy was assessed at three month intervals. Results Patients in the PEMF group showed a higher rate of union than those in the control group after the first three months of treatment, but this difference failed to achieve statistical significance. At the end of the study, PEMF treatment conducted for an average of 4.8 months led to a success rate of 77.4%. This was significantly higher than the control, which had an average duration of 4.4 months and a success rate of 48.1%. The total time from operation to the end of the study was a mean of 9.6 months for patients in the PEMF group. Conclusions Fracture patients treated with an early application of PEMF achieved a significantly increased rate of union and an overall reduced suffering time compared with patients that receive PEMF after the 6 months or more of delayed union, as described by others. PMID:23331333

  14. Lymphatic Function in the Early Postoperative Period of Breast Cancer Has No Short-Term Clinical Impact.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Mariana Maia Freire; Sarian, Luis Otávio; Gurgel, Maria Salete Costa; Almeida Filho, José Geraldo; Ramos, Celso Darío; de Rezende, Laura Ferreira; Amorim, Bárbara Juarez

    2016-12-01

    To evaluate by lymphoscintigraphy the lymphatic function in the preoperative period up to 2 months after surgery for breast cancer, and the relationship between the lymphatic function with clinical features and physical complications. One hundred and five women were studied before and 2 months after surgery to treat breast cancer. On each occasion, inspection and palpation of surgical wound, upper limb circumference, and lymphoscintigraphy were performed. Lymphatic function analysis consisted of velocity of axillary lymph node (LN) visualization; intensity of LN uptake; collateral circulation; dermal backflow; and hepatic uptake. In the postoperative period, there was a significant worsening of the degree of LN uptake (p = 0.0003) and in the velocity of LN visualization (p = 0.01). No significant differences in dermal backflow (p = 0.4) and collateral circulation (p = 0,07) were observed. There was a significant increase in liver absorption (p = 0.0002). 37.1% of the patients developed seroma, 11.2% dehiscence, and 25.8% infection. No relationship was found between lymphoscintigraphy changes and postoperative complications or clinical characteristics. Lymphoscintigraphy, performed 60 days post surgery for breast cancer, can detect a worsening in lymphatic drainage and some sign of lymphatic changes. These changes are not related to clinical characteristics and physical complications.

  15. Early postoperative care of liver transplantation for infants with biliary atresia during pediatric intensive care unit stay.

    PubMed

    Guo, C-B; Li, Y-C; Zhang, M-M; Yan, L-N; Pu, C-L; Kang, Q; Jin, X-Q

    2010-06-01

    The aim of this study was to present our institutional experience with the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stays of liver recipients to understand prevention of complications. This retrospective review included 22 infants who weighed 8.8 kg or less and underwent 23 transplantations. No grafts were from executed prisoners. We summarized the diagnosis, evaluation, medicine usage, and therapeutic intervention associated with subjects experiencing complications of rejection episodes, surgery, or infection during their ICU stay. There was one perioperative death from primary graft nonfunction. The most common postoperative complications were infections, gastrointestinal bleeding, and vascular complications. Rejection episodes occurred among 25% of patients. The most common isolated pathogenic bacteria was Staphylococcus epidermidis. Median initial ICU stay was 10 days. Mean requirement for artificial ventilation was 37.6 hour. Mean times of use of dobutamine, prostaglandin E1, and dopamine was 3.3, 7.5, and 8.8 days, respectively. Parenteral nutrition was started at a mean of 12 hours and oral food intake at a mean of 72 hours. Although challenging, orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in small infants can be successfully performed with meticulous surgical technique and keen postoperative surveillance.

  16. Standardization of serum creatinine and estimated GFR in the Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP).

    PubMed

    Stevens, Lesley A; Stoycheff, Nicholas

    2008-04-01

    Creatinine calibration by clinical laboratories is important because variability among assays adversely affects the accuracy of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation. We describe the calibration of creatinine assays used in the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP). Creatinine values were requested for 200 samples at each of the 2 KEEP laboratories, Satellite Laboratory Services, LLC (2000 to 2005) and Clinical Laboratory Services (CLS; 2005 to present), for comparison with samples at the Cleveland Clinic Research Laboratory (CCRL). Linear regression and Deming regression were used to obtain slopes adjusted for measurement error and regression to the mean. After exclusion of outliers, mean creatinine level in 184 samples was 0.94 mg/dL at Satellite compared with 0.89 mg/dL at CCRL. Deming regression showed a slope of 1.003 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.99 to 1.02; P < 0.001) and intercept of -0.04 (95% CI, -0.59 to -0.02; P = 0.003) with R(2) = 0.9853. Final calibration consists of intercept alone because of a small slope. After exclusion of outliers, mean creatinine level in 199 samples was 1.06 mg/dL at CLS compared with 0.96 mg/dL at CCRL. Deming regression showed a slope of 1.08 (95% CI, 1.07 to 1.09; P < 0.001) and intercept of -0.18 (95% CI, -0.19 to -0.17; P < 0.001) with R(2) = 0.9939. GFR estimates were minimally affected by the Satellite calibration. At a serum creatinine value of 1 mg/dL, the change in estimated GFR was 1 mL/min/1.73 m(2) after calibration. Conversely, higher range GFR estimates were affected by calibration of the CLS creatinine assay. At a serum creatinine value of 1 mg/dL, the GFR estimate was 6 mL/min/1.73 m(2) higher after calibration. Calibration of KEEP creatinine measurements had a greater impact on the current laboratory than on the laboratory previously used. The calibration process has worked to decrease overestimation of eGFR at the high range and decrease misclassification bias.

  17. Consumption of non–cow’s milk beverages and serum vitamin D levels in early childhood

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Grace J.; Birken, Catherine S.; Parkin, Patricia C.; Lebovic, Gerald; Chen, Yang; L’Abbé, Mary R.; Maguire, Jonathon L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Vitamin D fortification of non–cow’s milk beverages is voluntary in North America. The effect of consuming non–cow’s milk beverages on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in children is unclear. We studied the association between non–cow’s milk consumption and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in healthy preschool-aged children. We also explored whether cow’s milk consumption modified this association and analyzed the association between daily non–cow’s milk and cow’s milk consumption. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited children 1–6 years of age attending routinely scheduled well-child visits. Survey responses, and anthropometric and laboratory measurements were collected. The association between non–cow’s milk consumption and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels was tested using multiple linear regression and logistic regression. Cow’s milk consumption was explored as an effect modifier using an interaction term. The association between daily intake of non–cow’s milk and cow’s milk was explored using multiple linear regression. Results: A total of 2831 children were included. The interaction between non–cow’s milk and cow’s milk consumption was statistically significant (p = 0.03). Drinking non–cow’s milk beverages was associated with a 4.2-nmol/L decrease in 25-hydroxyvitamin D level per 250-mL cup consumed among children who also drank cow’s milk (p = 0.008). Children who drank only non–cow’s milk were at higher risk of having a 25-hydroxyvitamin D level below 50 nmol/L than children who drank only cow’s milk (odds ratio 2.7, 95% confidence interval 1.6 to 4.7). Interpretation: Consumption of non–cow’s milk beverages was associated with decreased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in early childhood. This association was modified by cow’s milk consumption, which suggests a trade-off between consumption of cow’s milk fortified with higher levels of vitamin D and non–cow’s milk with lower

  18. Maternal Early Pregnancy Serum Metabolomics Profile and Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding as Predictors of Placental Abruption: A Prospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Gelaye, Bizu; Sumner, Susan J.; McRitchie, Susan; Carlson, James E.; Ananth, Cande V.; Enquobahrie, Daniel A.; Qiu, Chunfang; Sorensen, Tanya K.; Williams, Michelle A.

    2016-01-01

    Background & Objective Placental abruption, an ischemic placental disorder, complicates about 1 in 100 pregnancies, and is an important cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Metabolomics holds promise for improving the phenotyping, prediction and understanding of pathophysiologic mechanisms of complex clinical disorders including abruption. We sought to evaluate maternal early pregnancy pre-diagnostic serum metabolic profiles and abnormal vaginal bleeding as predictors of abruption later in pregnancy. Methods Maternal serum was collected in early pregnancy (mean 16 weeks, range 15 to 22 weeks) from 51 abruption cases and 51 controls. Quantitative targeted metabolic profiles of serum were acquired using electrospray ionization liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (ESI-LC-MS/MS) and the Absolute IDQ® p180 kit. Maternal sociodemographic characteristics and reproductive history were abstracted from medical records. Stepwise logistic regression models were developed to evaluate the extent to which metabolites aid in the prediction of abruption. We evaluated the predictive performance of the set of selected metabolites using a receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis and area under the curve (AUC). Results Early pregnancy vaginal bleeding, dodecanoylcarnitine/dodecenoylcarnitine (C12 / C12:1), and phosphatidylcholine acyl-alkyl C 38:1 (PC ae C38:1) strongly predict abruption risk. The AUC for these metabolites alone was 0.68, for early pregnancy vaginal bleeding alone was 0.65, and combined the AUC improved to 0.75 with the addition of quantitative metabolite data (P = 0.003). Conclusion Metabolomic profiles of early pregnancy maternal serum samples in addition to the clinical symptom, vaginal bleeding, may serve as important markers for the prediction of abruption. Larger studies are necessary to corroborate and validate these findings in other cohorts. PMID:27300725

  19. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein and hyaluronic acid are sensitive serum biomarkers for early cartilage lesions in the knee joint.

    PubMed

    Jiao, Qiang; Wei, Lei; Chen, Chongwei; Li, Pengcui; Wang, Xiaohu; Li, Yongping; Guo, Li; Zhang, Congming; Wei, Xiaochun

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between five previously established serum osteoarthritis biomarkers and the severity of cartilage lesions in the knee. Cartilage damage (classified according to the Outerbridge scoring system) and serum concentrations of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), collagen type II C-telopeptide (CTX-II), matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), collagen type III N-propeptide, (PIIINP), and hyaluronic acid (HA) were determined in 79 patients who underwent knee arthroscopy or total knee replacement. HA and COMP concentrations were significantly higher in the Outerbridge score 1 and 2 groups, respectively. These results suggest that serum COMP and HA concentrations can be used to predict early cartilage lesions in the knee.

  20. Strategies for early detection of cardiotoxicities from anticancer therapy in adults: evolving imaging techniques and emerging serum biomarkers.

    PubMed

    Akhter, Nausheen; Murtagh, Gillian; Yancy, Clyde

    2015-01-01

    Significant advances have been made in detecting cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction with serum biomarkers, cardiovascular MRI, echocardiography and multi-modality approaches. Serum biomarkers, notably cardiac troponins and natriuretic peptides, have been evaluated for their prognostic ability in predicting left ventricular dysfunction. Imaging modalities, such as cardiovascular MRI and echocardiography, have been used for cardiac surveillance of patients with cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Developments in imaging, specifically myocardial deformation imaging, also known as strain, have been shown to be sensitive tools in detecting early changes in cardiac function. This review aims to synthesize the evidence that supports emerging serum biomarkers and complementary imaging modalities that continue to enhance the detection of cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction.

  1. The effects of dexamethasone and metoclopramide on early and late postoperative nausea and vomiting in women undergoing myomectomy under spinal anaesthesia.

    PubMed

    Tobi, K U; Imarengiaye, C O; Amadasun, F E

    2014-01-01

    Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV); early or late, has detrimental effects on surgical patients such as surgical wound disruption, esophageal tear and delayed discharge from the post anesthetic care unit. This study evaluated the effects of dexamethasone-metoclopramide (DM) in the prevention of early and late PONV in women undergoing myomectomy under subarachnoid block. Following approval from the Research and Ethics Committee of the Hospital, informed consent was obtained from each prospective patient. Patients were randomly allocated to either the DM group, metoclopramide only (MO) group or dexamethasones only (DO) group using the computer-generated random numbers in sealed envelopes. Immediately after the induction of spinal anesthesia, the DM group received intravenous (i.v.) dexamethasone 8 mg and metoclopramide 10 mg, the MO group received metoclopramide 10 mg i.v and the DO group received dexamethasone 8 mg i.v. The incidence of early and late PONV formed the primary outcome. A total of 90 patients, with aged range between 21-64 years were studied. Dexamethasone alone group had the highest incidence of 40% for early but no for late PONV ( P = 0.003) Metoclopramide alone group had an incidence of 29.97% for early PONV and 26.6% for late PONV. There was reduced incidence of both early and late PONV in the DM group, but of lesser magnitude than DO or MO respectively. Dexamethasone protects against the incidence of late PONV with a minimal effect on early PONV. The combination of dexamethasone and metoclopramide had comparable effect on both and of better magnitude than metoclopramide alone.

  2. Early changes of graft function, cytokines and superoxide dismutase serum levels after donor liver denervation and Kupffer cell depletion in a rat-to-rat liver transplantation model.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Hong; Marco, Catena; Gianfranco, Ferla

    2009-04-01

    Hepatic reperfusion injury may cause acute inflammatory damage, producing significant organ dysfunction, and is an important problem in liver transplantation. This experiment aimed to study early changes of hepatic function after donor liver denervation and Kupffer cell depletion in rat-to-rat liver transplantation and to evaluate the effect of pre-treatment on liver reperfusion injury. Donor rats were divided into four groups: control group; group G was pre-treated with gadolinium chloride (G), an inhibitor of Kupffer cells; group H with hexamethonium (H), a sympathetic ganglionic blocking agent; and group HG, with combined H and G pre-treatment. Under the same conditions, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), arterial ketone body ratio (AKBR), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) of recipient rats were assessed at 4, 8, 16 and 24 hours after liver transplantation. Histological studies of the grafts were compared. HG pre-treatment significantly decreased ALT, TNF-alpha, and IL-6 levels, increased AKBR and SOD levels, and demonstrated less pathological damage at 8, 16 and 24 hours compared with the control group. Similar trends were also found in the other groups (G and H). However, the differences among them were not significant at 4 post-operative hours. Donor denervation and Kupffer cell depletion had preventive effect on liver reperfusion injury. HG pre-treatment is a feasible and reproducible method to protect grafts from reperfusion injury.

  3. Evaluation of real-time PCR for the early detection of Legionella pneumophila DNA in serum samples.

    PubMed

    Diederen, Bram M W; de Jong, Caroline M A; Marmouk, Faïçal; Kluytmans, Jan A J W; Peeters, Marcel F; Van der Zee, Anneke

    2007-01-01

    Legionella pneumonia can be difficult to diagnose. Existing laboratory tests all have shortcomings, especially in the ability to diagnose Legionnaires' disease (LD) at an early stage of the disease in a specimen that is readily obtainable. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of PCR as a rapid diagnostic method and to compare the results of different PCR assays of serum samples from patients with LD. Samples included 151 serum samples from 68 patients with proven LD and 60 serum samples from 36 patients with respiratory tract infections other than Legionella. PCR assays were based on the 5S rRNA gene, 16S rRNA gene and the mip gene. The samples from patients with infections caused by pathogens other than Legionella all tested negative in PCR. Among the patients with proven LD 54.4 % (37/68) tested positive in 5S rRNA PCR, 52.9 % (36/68) in mip gene PCR and 30.9 % (21/68) in 16S rRNA PCR in the first available serum sample. The association between threshold cycle value in 5S PCR positive serum samples (n=49) and C-reactive protein value was determined, and showed a strong negative correlation (Pearson correlation coefficient r=-0.63, P<0.0001). In addition to existing tests for the diagnosis of LD, detection of Legionella DNA in serum could be a useful tool for early diagnosis of LD caused by any Legionella species and serogroup, and has the potential to provide a diagnosis in a time frame that could affect initial infection management.

  4. Serum N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen as an early marker of fracture nonunion in rabbits

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Jian-Ping; Shi, Zhan-Jun; Shen, Ning-Jiang; Wang, Jian; Li, Zao-Min; Xiao, Jun

    2016-01-01

    . These results suggested that a bone nonunion model can be established in New Zealand rabbits by resecting a 15-mm section of bone from the mid-radius prior to bone wax blocking. Measurement of the serum BSAP, CTX, NTX, and TRACP 5b concentrations may be useful for the early detection of bone nonunion. The serum NTX concentrations changed significantly in rabbits with bone nonunion. Further studies are required in order to determine the feasibility of using serum NTX concentrations for the early diagnosis of bone nonunion. PMID:28105092

  5. Serum Amylase Levels in Relation to Islet β Cell Function in Patients with Early Type 2 Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Zhuang, Lei; Su, Jian-bin; Zhang, Xiu-lin; Huang, Hai-yan; Zhao, Li-hua; Xu, Feng; Chen, Tong; Wang, Xue-qin; Wu, Gang; Wang, Xiao-hua

    2016-01-01

    Objective The insulin-pancreatic acinar axis may play a major role in pancreatic function. Amylase is an exocrine enzyme that is produced by pancreatic acinar cells, and low serum amylase levels may be associated with endocrine diseases, such as metabolic syndrome and diabetes. We hypothesized that low serum amylase levels may be associated with impaired islet β cell function in type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between the serum amylase levels and islet β cell function in patients with early type 2 diabetes. Methods The cross-sectional study recruited 2327 patients with a mean of 1.71±1.62 years since their diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, and all participants were treated with lifestyle intervention alone. Serum amylase levels, the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and metabolic risk factors were examined in all participants. The insulin sensitivity index (Matsuda index, ISIMatsuda) and insulin secretion index (ratio of total area-under-the-insulin-curve to glucose-curve, AUCins/glu) were derived from the OGTT. Integrated islet β cell function was assessed by the Insulin Secretion-Sensitivity Index-2 (ISSI-2) (ISIMatsuda multiplied by AUCins/glu). Results Serum amylase levels in the normal range were significantly correlated with ISIMatsuda, AUCins/glu and ISSI-2 (r = 0.203, 0.246 and 0.413, respectively, p<0.001). The association of the serum amylase levels with ISSI-2 (adjusted r = 0.363, p<0.001) was closer than the association with ISIMatsuda (adjusted r = 0.191, p<0.001) and AUCins/glu (adjusted r = 0.174, p<0.001) after adjusting for the anthropometric indices, time since the diagnosis of diabetes, lipid profiles, uric acid levels, estimated glomerular filtration rate, HbA1c levels, smoking and drinking using the partial correlation test. After adjusting for these metabolic risk factors in the multivariate regression analysis with the amylase levels as the dependent variable, ISSI-2 was the major independent contributor to

  6. Serum Amylase Levels in Relation to Islet β Cell Function in Patients with Early Type 2 Diabetes.

    PubMed

    Zhuang, Lei; Su, Jian-Bin; Zhang, Xiu-Lin; Huang, Hai-Yan; Zhao, Li-Hua; Xu, Feng; Chen, Tong; Wang, Xue-Qin; Wu, Gang; Wang, Xiao-Hua

    2016-01-01

    The insulin-pancreatic acinar axis may play a major role in pancreatic function. Amylase is an exocrine enzyme that is produced by pancreatic acinar cells, and low serum amylase levels may be associated with endocrine diseases, such as metabolic syndrome and diabetes. We hypothesized that low serum amylase levels may be associated with impaired islet β cell function in type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between the serum amylase levels and islet β cell function in patients with early type 2 diabetes. The cross-sectional study recruited 2327 patients with a mean of 1.71±1.62 years since their diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, and all participants were treated with lifestyle intervention alone. Serum amylase levels, the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and metabolic risk factors were examined in all participants. The insulin sensitivity index (Matsuda index, ISIMatsuda) and insulin secretion index (ratio of total area-under-the-insulin-curve to glucose-curve, AUCins/glu) were derived from the OGTT. Integrated islet β cell function was assessed by the Insulin Secretion-Sensitivity Index-2 (ISSI-2) (ISIMatsuda multiplied by AUCins/glu). Serum amylase levels in the normal range were significantly correlated with ISIMatsuda, AUCins/glu and ISSI-2 (r = 0.203, 0.246 and 0.413, respectively, p<0.001). The association of the serum amylase levels with ISSI-2 (adjusted r = 0.363, p<0.001) was closer than the association with ISIMatsuda (adjusted r = 0.191, p<0.001) and AUCins/glu (adjusted r = 0.174, p<0.001) after adjusting for the anthropometric indices, time since the diagnosis of diabetes, lipid profiles, uric acid levels, estimated glomerular filtration rate, HbA1c levels, smoking and drinking using the partial correlation test. After adjusting for these metabolic risk factors in the multivariate regression analysis with the amylase levels as the dependent variable, ISSI-2 was the major independent contributor to the serum amylase levels

  7. Serum antioxidant levels and nutritional status in early and advanced stage lung cancer patients.

    PubMed

    Klarod, Kultida; Hongsprabhas, Pranithi; Khampitak, Tueanjit; Wirasorn, Kosin; Kiertiburanakul, Sasisopin; Tangrassameeprasert, Roongpet; Daduang, Jureerut; Yongvanit, Puangrat; Boonsiri, Patcharee

    2011-01-01

    Malnutrition frequently occurs in lung cancer patients. We aimed to determine nutritional status and antioxidant and mineral levels in Thai patients with lung cancer. A prospective study with matched case-control was conducted. Nutritional status was assessed by body mass index (BMI) and subjective global assessment (SGA). Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status was used to assess the performance. The serum antioxidant and mineral levels were determined. Forty-nine patients with a mean age of 58.8 (range, 35-82) who were first diagnosed with lung cancer were enrolled. They were compared with 60 healthy controls, and levels of retinol, α-tocopherol, β-carotene, lycopene, β-cryptoxanthin, selenium, and zinc were lower (P < 0.05). However, peroxidase activity was higher (P = 0.002) in patients. Selenium levels were higher in early stage compared to advanced stage patients (P = 0.041). Overweight patients had higher selenium levels (0.04 mg/L) than normal BMI patients (β = 0.04, P = 0.035). Patients with SGA class C had lower selenium levels (0.03 mg/L) than those with class A (β = -0.03, P = 0.035). The poorer ECOG performance patients had significantly lower β-carotene (β = -0.192, P = 0.003) and selenium (β = -0.031, P = 0.011) levels compared with those with good ECOG performance status. Significantly lower levels of antioxidants and selenium were found in lung cancer patients compared to healthy controls. Levels of some antioxidants and minerals differed among categories of BMI, SGA categories, or ECOG performance status. These findings may be helpful for further studies, such as the effect of nutritional supplementation on clinical outcomes. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Differences in Serum Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin Rise in Early Pregnancy by Race and Value at Presentation

    PubMed Central

    Barnhart, Kurt T; Guo, Wensheng; Cary, Mark S; Morse, Chris; Chung, Karine; Takacs, Peter; Senapati, Suneeta; Sammel, Mary D

    2016-01-01

    Objective To assess whether variation in serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) measures, used to assess early gestation viability, are associated with differences in clinical presentation and patient factors. Method This retrospective cohort study included 285 women with first-trimester pain and bleeding and a pregnancy of unknown location, for whom a normal intrauterine pregnancy was ultimately confirmed. Serial samples were collected at three U.S. sites and hCG changes were analyzed for differences by race, ethnicity and clinical factors. A nonlinear, mixed effects regression model was used assuming a random subject shift in the time axis. Results The hCG rise in symptomatic women with ongoing intrauterine pregnancy differs by patient factors, and level at presentation. The 2-day minimum (1st percentile) rise in hCG was faster when presenting hCG values were low and slower when presenting hCG value was high. African American had a faster hCG rise (p <0.001) compared to non-African American women. Variation in hCG curves was associated with prior miscarriage (p=0.014), presentation bleeding (p<0.001), and pain (p=0.002). For initial hCG values of <1500, 1500–3000 and >3000 mIU/mL, the predicted 2- day minimal (1st percentile) rise was 49%, 40% and 33%, respectively. Conclusion The rise of hCG levels in women with a viable intrauterine pregnancy and symptoms of potential pregnancy failure varies significantly by initial value. Changes in hCG rise related to race should not affect clinical care. In order to limit interruption of a potential desired IUP, a more conservative “cut off “(slower rise) is needed when hCG values are high. Clinical Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov, www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT00194168. PMID:27500326

  9. A randomized controlled study between fentanyl and Butorphanol with low dose intrathecal bupivacaine to facilitate early postoperative ambulation in urological procedures

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Arvind; Kumar, Ritesh; Verma, Vinod Kumar; Prasad, Chandrakant; Kumar, Rajesh; Kant, Shashi; Kumar, Gunjan; Singh, Neha; Kumari, Rupam

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Opioids are widely used in conjunction with local anesthetics as they permit the use of lower dose of local anesthetics while providing adequate anesthesia and analgesia. It both provides adequate anesthesia as well as lower drug toxicity neuraxial administration of opioids in conjunction with local anesthetics improves the quality of intraoperative analgesia and prolongs the duration of postoperative analgesia. Bupivacaine is the most commonly used drug for subarachnoid block due to its lesser side effects. The present study was conducted to decrease the overall dose of local anesthetics with opioid combination for urological procedure with respect to quality of anesthesia and recovery with patient's satisfaction. Materials and Methods: The study population was randomly allocated by computer generated table into two groups; Group A: 5 mg 0.5% bupivacaine + 25 mcg and Group B: 5 mg 0.5% bupivacaine + 25 mg butorphanol. Results: Highest level of sensory block was T9 and T8 with the fentanyl group and butorphanol group, respectively. The onset of sensory block was early in fentanyl group than butorphanol group. Duration of both sensory and motor block was significantly higher in butorphanol group. There was no incidence of itching in both groups. There were two patients in fentanyl group and one in butorphanol with hypotension for which injection mephentermine was given. Two patients in fentanyl group complained of nausea and vomiting, for which injection ondansetron was given. One patient complained of pain in fentanyl group for which injection propofol with injection fentanyl was supplemented. Conclusion: Low-dose bupivacaine with butorphanol group was devoid of any side effects in the present study but low dose bupivacaine in addition with fentanyl is superior in terms of early postoperative recovery resulting in early discharge and better outcome in comparison to bupivacaine and butorphanol group, which is beneficial in elderly patients with

  10. Pre and postoperative quantitative detection of fragments of cytokeratins 8 and 18 (UBC IRMA) as markers of early recurrence of superficial bladder tumor.

    PubMed

    Gacci, Mauro; Serni, Sergio; Lapini, Alberto; Giubilei, Gianluca; Dal Canto, Maurizio; Paladini, Sergio; Curotto, Antonio; Gallo, Fabrizio; Carmignani, Giorgio; Carini, Marco

    2006-03-01

    The Urinary Bladder Cancer (UBC) test is a marker that detects urinary fragments of cytokeratin 8 and 18. The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of the pre and post operative UBC test to detect early recurrences of a bladder tumor in the first year after the transurethral resection of a bladder tumor. A multicentric perspective study on 36 patients with superficial bladder cancer (pTa-pT1) treated with transurethral resection (TUR) was performed. Each patient underwent 4 specific urine collections: 1) preoperatively, 2) 3 days after TUR, 3) 7 days after TUR, 4) 30 days after TUR. UBC was analysed on urine with the IRMA method and the cut off value of 12 mg/L was used. Cystoscopy was performed after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after TUR, with the aim of identifying all cancer recurrences in the first year postoperatively. Statistical analyses to identify differences between patients with or without early recurrence were performed in accordance with Fisher's exact test and Chi-square analysis. Of the 36 patients included in the study 15 showed early recurrence and 21 were recurrence free 1 year after surgery. UBC levels measured in recurrence free patients 30 days after TUR showed normal values, values decreasing as compared with preoperative levels or both circumstances, even if a statistically significant difference was not found between the two groups. In this study we reported an insignificant correlation between the postoperative modifications of UBC levels and the risk of tumor recurrence during the first year of follow-up. A larger study group with longer follow-ups will probably allow better evaluation of the real power of UBC tests in clinical practice.

  11. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Vagus Nerve-preserving Distal Gastrectomy Versus Conventional Distal Gastrectomy for Postoperative Quality of Life in Early Stage Gastric Cancer Patients.

    PubMed

    Kim, Su Mi; Cho, Juhee; Kang, Danbee; Oh, Seung Jong; Kim, Ae Ran; Sohn, Tae Sung; Noh, Jae Hyoung; Kim, Sung

    2016-06-01

    To compare the postoperative quality of life of vagus nerve preserving distal gastrectomy (VPG) vs conventional distal gastrectomy (CG) in patients with early-stage gastric cancer. Randomized controlled clinical trial. Large tertiary comprehensive cancer center in Korea. One hundred sixty-three patients with early gastric cancer 18 years of age or older expected to undergo curative gastric resection. Patients were randomized 1:1 to VPG (n = 85) or CG (n = 78). European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) gastric module (STO22). Patients assigned to VPG showed less diarrhea 3 and 12 months after surgery (P = 0.040 and 0.048, respectively) and less appetite loss at 12 months (P = 0.011) compared with those assigned to CG. In both groups, fatigue, anxiety, eating restriction, and body image deteriorated at 3 months after surgery and did not regain baseline levels 12 months after surgery. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in cancer recurrence and death over 5 years of follow-up. Early gastric cancer patients undergoing VPG reported significantly less diarrhea and appetite loss at 12 months postsurgery compared with those undergoing CG, with no differences in long-term clinical outcomes. VPG may improve the quality of life after gastrectomy in early gastric cancer patients compared with CG.

  12. Selecting postoperative adjuvant systemic therapy for early stage breast cancer: A critical assessment of commercially available gene expression assays

    PubMed Central

    Schuur, Eric; Angel Aristizabal, Javier; Bargallo Rocha, Juan Enrique; Cabello, Cesar; Elizalde, Roberto; García‐Estévez, Laura; Gomez, Henry L.; Katz, Artur; Nuñez De Pierro, Aníbal

    2017-01-01

    Risk stratification of patients with early stage breast cancer may support adjuvant chemotherapy decision‐making. This review details the development and validation of six multi‐gene classifiers, each of which claims to provide useful prognostic and possibly predictive information for early stage breast cancer patients. A careful assessment is presented of each test's analytical validity, clinical validity, and clinical utility, as well as the quality of evidence supporting its use. PMID:28211064

  13. Elevated Pretherapy Serum IL17 in Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients Correlate to Increased Risk of Early Recurrence after Curative Hepatectomy

    PubMed Central

    Li, Qian; Rong, Weiqi; Wang, Liming; Wang, Ying; Zang, Mengya; Wu, Zhiyuan; Zhang, Yawei; Qu, Chunfeng

    2012-01-01

    Background and Aims Primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is usually presented in inflamed fibrotic/cirrhotic liver with extensive lymphocyte infiltration. We examined the associations between the HCC early recurrence and alterations in serum levels of inflammatory cytokines. Methods A cohort of 105 HCC patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection were included. Pre-therapy, we quantified their serum concentrations of Th1-, Th2-, Th17-, Treg-related, and other cytokines that have been reported to be associated with poor prognosis in human cancers. IL17-producing T-cells were generated in vitro from HCC patients and co-cultured with HCC cell lines separated by a 0.4 µM transwell. Results All the 105 cases of HCC patients had liver cirrhosis. The patients who suffered from HCC early recurrence had higher pre-therapy serum levels of IL17 and lower levels of IL10 than those who did not suffer from recurrence after curative hepatectomy. After adjustment for general tumor clinicopathological factors, elevated serum levels of IL17 (≥0.9 pg/ml) was found to be an independent risk factor for HCC early recurrence with a hazard ratio of 2.46 (95%CI 1.34–4.51). Patients with bigger tumors (>5 cm in diameter) and elevated serum levels of IL17 had the highest risk of early recurrence as compared to those with only one of these factors (P = 0.009) or without any (P<0.001). These factors showed similar effects on the HCC patient overall survival. Intrahepatic infiltrated T-cells in HCC patients were identified as the major IL17-producing cells. Proliferation of HCC cells, QGY-7703, was augmented QGY-7703, was augmented in the presence of IL17-producing T-cells. This effect diminished after neutralizing antibody against human IL17A or TNFα was included. Conclusion Both tumors and IL17 from liver infiltrated T-cells contributed to HCC early recurrence and progression after curative resection. Pre-therapy serum IL17 levels may serve as an additional indicator for

  14. Serum pleiotrophin could be an early indicator for diagnosis and prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer.

    PubMed

    Du, Zi-Yan; Shi, Min-Hua; Ji, Cheng-Hong; Yu, Yong

    2015-01-01

    Pleiotrophin (PTN), an angiogenic factor, is associated with various types of cancer, including lung cancer. Our aim was to investigate the possibility of using serum PTN as an early indicator regarding disease diagnosis, classification and prognosis, for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Significant differences among PTN levels in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC, n=40), NSCLC (n=136), and control subjects with benign pulmonary lesions (n=21), as well as patients with different pathological subtypes of NSCLC were observed. A serum level of PTN of 300.1 ng/ml, was determined as the cutoff value differentiating lung cancer patients and controls, with a sensitivity and specificity of 78.4% and 66.7%, respectively. Negative correlations between serum PTN level and pathological differentiation level, stage, and survival time were observed in our cohort of patients with NSCLC. In addition, specific elevation of PTN levels in pulmonary tissue in and around NSCLC lesions in comparison to normal pulmonary tissue obtained from the same subjects was also observed (n=2). This study suggests that the serum PTN level of patients with NSCLC could be an early indicator for diagnosis and prognosis. This conclusion should be further assessed in randomized clinical trials.

  15. [Effects of early enriched environment on long-term behavior development and serum corticosterone level in rats].

    PubMed

    Ma, Liang; Chen, Yan-Hui; Wei, Li-Xin

    2011-07-01

    To study the effects of early enriched environment on behavioral development and serum corticosterone level in rats. Forty-five neonatal rats were randomly assigned into three groups:blank control, enriched environment and isolated environment. The open-field environment test and the Lat maze test were performed to assess anxiety/irritability-related behaviors of the rats on postnatal day 31. The level of serum corticosterone was measured by radioimmunology assay. The level of serum corticosterone in the enriched environment group (8±3 ng/mL) was significantly lower than the blank control (11±4 ng/mL) and the isolated groups (22±4 ng/mL) (P<0.01). The open-field environment test showed that the numbers of passing panels, keeping an erect posture and grooming were less than those in the blank control and the isolated groups (P<0.05). According to the results of the Lat maze test, the frequencies of running across the corner, keeping an erect posture and leaning against the wall in the enriched environment group were less than those in the blank control and the isolated groups (P<0.05). Early enriched environment can decrease serum corticosterone level and thus alleviates anxiety and irritability in rats. It may play an important role in the improvement of brain development.

  16. Dose-Volume Histogram Predictors of Chronic Gastrointestinal Complications After Radical Hysterectomy and Postoperative Concurrent Nedaplatin-Based Chemoradiation Therapy for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Isohashi, Fumiaki; Yoshioka, Yasuo; Mabuchi, Seiji; Konishi, Koji; Koizumi, Masahiko; Takahashi, Yutaka; Ogata, Toshiyuki; Maruoka, Shintaroh; Kimura, Tadashi; Ogawa, Kazuhiko

    2013-03-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate dose-volume histogram (DVH) predictors for the development of chronic gastrointestinal (GI) complications in cervical cancer patients who underwent radical hysterectomy and postoperative concurrent nedaplatin-based chemoradiation therapy. Methods and Materials: This study analyzed 97 patients who underwent postoperative concurrent chemoradiation therapy. The organs at risk that were contoured were the small bowel loops, large bowel loop, and peritoneal cavity. DVH parameters subjected to analysis included the volumes of these organs receiving more than 15, 30, 40, and 45 Gy (V15-V45) and their mean dose. Associations between DVH parameters or clinical factors and the incidence of grade 2 or higher chronic GI complications were evaluated. Results: Of the clinical factors, smoking and low body mass index (BMI) (<22) were significantly associated with grade 2 or higher chronic GI complications. Also, patients with chronic GI complications had significantly greater V15-V45 volumes and higher mean dose of the small bowel loops compared with those without GI complications. In contrast, no parameters for the large bowel loop or peritoneal cavity were significantly associated with GI complications. Results of the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis led to the conclusion that V15-V45 of the small bowel loops has high accuracy for prediction of GI complications. Among these parameters, V40 gave the highest area under the ROC curve. Finally, multivariate analysis was performed with V40 of the small bowel loops and 2 other clinical parameters that were judged to be potential risk factors for chronic GI complications: BMI and smoking. Of these 3 parameters, V40 of the small bowel loops and smoking emerged as independent predictors of chronic GI complications. Conclusions: DVH parameters of the small bowel loops may serve as predictors of grade 2 or higher chronic GI complications after postoperative

  17. Lower heart rate in the early postoperative period does not correlate with long-term outcomes after repair of type A acute aortic dissection.

    PubMed

    Ohnuma, Tetsu; Kimura, Naoyuki; Sasabuchi, Yusuke; Asaka, Kayo; Shiotsuka, Junji; Komuro, Tetsuya; Mouri, Hideyuki; Lefor, Alan T; Adachi, Hideo; Sanui, Masamitsu

    2015-05-01

    Little evidence exists regarding the need for a reduction in postoperative heart rate after repair of type A acute aortic dissection. This single-center retrospective study was conducted to determine if lower heart rate during the early postoperative phase is associated with improved long-term outcomes after surgery for patients with type A acute aortic dissection. We reviewed 434 patients who underwent aortic repair between 1990 and 2011. Based on the average heart rate on postoperative days 1, 3, 5, and 7, 434 patients were divided into four groups, less than 70, 70-79, 80-89, and greater than 90 beats per minute. The mean age was 63.3 ± 12.1 years. During a median follow-up of 52 months (range 16-102), 10-year survival in all groups was 67%, and the 10-year aortic event-free rate was 79%. The probability of survival and being aortic event-free using Kaplan-Meier estimates reveal that there is no significant difference when stratified by heart rate. Cox proportional regression analysis for 10-year mortality shows that significant predictors of mortality are age [Hazard Ratio (HR) 1.04; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07-1.06; p = 0.001] and perioperative stroke (HR 2.30; 95% CI 1.18-4.50; p = 0.024). Neither stratified heart rate around the time of surgery nor beta-blocker use at the time of discharge was significant. There is no association between stratified heart rate in the perioperative period with long-term outcomes after repair of type A acute aortic dissection. These findings need clarification with further clinical trials.

  18. Need for High Radiation Dose (>=70 Gy) in Early Postoperative Irradiation After Radical Prostatectomy: A Single-Institution Analysis of 334 High-Risk, Node-Negative Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Cozzarini, Cesare; Montorsi, Francesco; Fiorino, Claudio; Alongi, Filippo; Bolognesi, Angelo; Da Pozzo, Luigi Filippo; Guazzoni, Giorgio; Freschi, Massimo; Roscigno, Marco; Scattoni, Vincenzo; Rigatti, Patrizio; Di Muzio, Nadia

    2009-11-15

    Purpose: To determine the clinical benefit of high-dose early adjuvant radiotherapy (EART) in high-risk prostate cancer (hrCaP) patients submitted to radical retropubic prostatectomy plus pelvic lymphadenectomy. Patients and Methods: The clinical outcome of 334 hrCaP (pT3-4 and/or positive resection margins) node-negative patients submitted to radical retropubic prostatectomy plus pelvic lymphadenectomy before 2004 was analyzed according to the EART dose delivered to the prostatic bed, <70.2 Gy (lower dose, median 66.6 Gy, n = 153) or >=70.2 Gy (median 70.2 Gy, n = 181). Results: The two groups were comparable except for a significant difference in terms of median follow-up (10 vs. 7 years, respectively) owing to the gradual increase of EART doses over time. Nevertheless, median time to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure was almost identical, 38 and 36 months, respectively. At univariate analysis, both 5-year biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were significantly higher (83% vs. 71% [p = 0.001] and 94% vs. 88% [p = 0.005], respectively) in the HD group. Multivariate analysis confirmed EART dose >=70 Gy to be independently related to both bRFS (hazard ratio 2.5, p = 0.04) and DFS (hazard ratio 3.6, p = 0.004). Similar results were obtained after the exclusion of patients receiving any androgen deprivation. After grouping the hormone-naive patients by postoperative PSA level the statistically significant impact of high-dose EART on both 5-year bRFS and DFS was maintained only for those with undetectable values, possibly owing to micrometastatic disease outside the irradiated area in case of detectable postoperative PSA values. Conclusion: This series provides strong support for the use of EART doses >=70 Gy after radical retropubic prostatectomy in hrCaP patients with undetectable postoperative PSA levels.

  19. Preventing Early Postoperative Arm Swelling and Lymphedema Manifestation by Compression Sleeves After Axillary Lymph Node Interventions in Breast Cancer Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    Ochalek, Katarzyna; Gradalski, Tomasz; Partsch, Hugo

    2017-09-01

    Breast cancer-related lymphedema (LE) remains one of the major long-term complications after surgery. Many reports showed the effectiveness of compression in breast cancer-related LE treatment, but randomized controlled trials evaluating compression garments for postoperative prevention are lacking. The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential role of light arm compression sleeves for reducing the incidence of early postoperative swelling and of breast cancer-related arm LE. A total of 45 women were pre-operatively randomly assigned to a group with compression of circular-knit sleeves in compression class I (15-21 mm Hg) for daily wearing (compression group [CG]; n = 23) or to a control group without compression (no CG, n = 22). Both groups underwent a standardized physical exercise program. Arm volumes were measured before surgery and one, three, six, nine, and 12 months thereafter. At one month, postoperative swelling was reduced only in CG. After 12 months, the average change of excess volumes (edema) reached -67.6 mL in the CG vs. +114.5 mL in the no CG (P < 0.001). Significantly less edema was seen in the CG after three, six, nine, and 12 months. No significant difference between groups in health-related quality of life (measured by EORTC QLQ-C30) was observed. Fifteen to 21 mm Hg compression sleeves in combination with physical activity may be a safe and efficient option to prevent postsurgical arm swelling and development of LE. Copyright © 2017 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. The clinical importance of serum γ-glutamyltransferase level as an early predictor of obesity development in Korean men.

    PubMed

    Suh, Young Ju; Park, Sung Keun; Choi, Joong-Myung; Ryoo, Jae-Hong

    2013-04-01

    Serum γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels are known to be positively associated with obesity. We aimed at verifying an association between baseline GGT levels and the development of obesity in Korean men. This prospective cohort study was performed on 18,510 initially non-obese Korean men. The total follow-up period was 66,993.3 person years and the average follow-up period was 3.62 years (standard deviation [SD], 1.44). Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine hazard ratios for the risk of obesity development. We found a strong positive association between serum GGT levels at baseline and obesity development, after adjusting for multiple covariates. The risk of obesity development was found to be significantly and dose-dependently associated with serum GGT level. Moreover, estimated hazard ratios for severe obesity (BMI (body mass index) ≥30 kg/m(2)) attributable to serum GGT levels were much higher than those for obesity (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2)). The significant association was also found for WC (waist circumference)-defined obesity (WC > 90 cm). Our findings, which were obtained from a large cohort, indicate that serum GGT is an early predictor of obesity development. Furthermore, this association was remained significant after adjusting for multiple baseline covariates. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. AGR3 in breast cancer: prognostic impact and suitable serum-based biomarker for early cancer detection.

    PubMed

    Garczyk, Stefan; von Stillfried, Saskia; Antonopoulos, Wiebke; Hartmann, Arndt; Schrauder, Michael G; Fasching, Peter A; Anzeneder, Tobias; Tannapfel, Andrea; Ergönenc, Yavuz; Knüchel, Ruth; Rose, Michael; Dahl, Edgar

    2015-01-01

    Blood-based early detection of breast cancer has recently gained novel momentum, as liquid biopsy diagnostics is a fast emerging field. In this study, we aimed to identify secreted proteins which are up-regulated both in tumour tissue and serum samples of breast cancer patients compared to normal tissue and sera. Based on two independent tissue cohorts (n = 75 and n = 229) and one serum cohort (n = 80) of human breast cancer and healthy serum samples, we characterised AGR3 as a novel potential biomarker both for breast cancer prognosis and early breast cancer detection from blood. AGR3 expression in breast tumours is significantly associated with oestrogen receptor α (P<0.001) and lower tumour grade (P<0.01). Interestingly, AGR3 protein expression correlates with unfavourable outcome in low (G1) and intermediate (G2) grade breast tumours (multivariate hazard ratio: 2.186, 95% CI: 1.008-4.740, P<0.05) indicating an independent prognostic impact. In sera analysed by ELISA technique, AGR3 protein concentration was significantly (P<0.001) elevated in samples from breast cancer patients (n = 40, mainly low stage tumours) compared to healthy controls (n = 40). To develop a suitable biomarker panel for early breast cancer detection, we measured AGR2 protein in human serum samples in parallel. The combined AGR3/AGR2 biomarker panel achieved a sensitivity of 64.5% and a specificity of 89.5% as shown by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve statistics. Thus our data clearly show the potential usability of AGR3 and AGR2 as biomarkers for blood-based early detection of human breast cancer.

  2. Role of Serum Biomarkers in Early Detection of Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis and Fibrosis in West Virginian Children.

    PubMed

    Sodhi, Komal; Bracero, Lucas; Feyh, Andrew; Nichols, Alexandra; Srikanthan, Krithika; Latif, Tariq; Preston, Deborah; Shapiro, Joseph I; Elitsur, Yoram

    2016-02-01

    Obesity, an epidemic among West Virginia children, as well as insulin resistance (IR), is well-established contributors to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Progression of NASH can lead to hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis, making early detection imperative. The standard for diagnosing NASH is histologically via liver biopsy, which is highly invasive and generally contraindicated in children. By studying serum biomarkers associated with NASH, we aim to identify high risk children who can benefit from a less invasive, alternative approach to the early detection of NASH. Seventy one children were prospectively recruited and divided into 3 groups: normal weight without IR (control), obese without IR, and obese with IR. Serum samples were drawn for each patient and biomarker levels were assessed via ELISA kits. Obese without IR and obese with IR patients had significantly elevated levels of lipid metabolism and accumulation markers (FGF-21, NEFA, FATP5, ApoB), oxidative stress markers (dysfunctional HDL, 8-Isoprostane), inflammatory markers(dysfunctional HDL, CK-18) and apoptosis markers (CK-18) compared to control patients (p<0.02). Bilirubin (an antioxidant) was significantly decreased in the obese without IR and obese with IR patients compared to control (p<0.02). This study showed a correlation between obesity, IR, and biomarkers associated with NASH in pediatrics patients from West Virginia, with obese with IR patients showing the strongest correlation. These findings support the clinical application of these serum biomarkers as a less invasive method for early detection of NASH and hepatic fibrosis.

  3. Role of Serum Biomarkers in Early Detection of Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis and Fibrosis in West Virginian Children

    PubMed Central

    Sodhi, Komal; Bracero, Lucas; Feyh, Andrew; Nichols, Alexandra; Srikanthan, Krithika; Latif, Tariq; Preston, Deborah; Shapiro, Joseph I; Elitsur, Yoram

    2016-01-01

    Background Obesity, an epidemic among West Virginia children, as well as insulin resistance (IR), is well-established contributors to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Progression of NASH can lead to hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis, making early detection imperative. The standard for diagnosing NASH is histologically via liver biopsy, which is highly invasive and generally contraindicated in children. By studying serum biomarkers associated with NASH, we aim to identify high risk children who can benefit from a less invasive, alternative approach to the early detection of NASH. Methods Seventy one children were prospectively recruited and divided into 3 groups: normal weight without IR (control), obese without IR, and obese with IR. Serum samples were drawn for each patient and biomarker levels were assessed via ELISA kits. Results Obese without IR and obese with IR patients had significantly elevated levels of lipid metabolism and accumulation markers (FGF-21, NEFA, FATP5, ApoB), oxidative stress markers (dysfunctional HDL, 8-Isoprostane), inflammatory markers(dysfunctional HDL, CK-18) and apoptosis markers (CK-18) compared to control patients (p<0.02). Bilirubin (an antioxidant) was significantly decreased in the obese without IR and obese with IR patients compared to control (p<0.02). Conclusion This study showed a correlation between obesity, IR, and biomarkers associated with NASH in pediatrics patients from West Virginia, with obese with IR patients showing the strongest correlation. These findings support the clinical application of these serum biomarkers as a less invasive method for early detection of NASH and hepatic fibrosis. PMID:27182456

  4. Esmolol versus ketamine-remifentanil combination for early postoperative analgesia after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized controlled trial.

    PubMed

    López-Álvarez, Servando; Mayo-Moldes, Monica; Zaballos, Matilde; Iglesias, Belen García; Blanco-Dávila, Rafael

    2012-05-01

    Controversy surrounds the optimal technique to moderate pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Opioid analgesics, sympatholytic drugs, and adjuvants, such as ketamine, have all been used. We compared esmolol with a combination of remifentanil plus ketamine in patients undergoing LC to determine the impact of these drugs on morphine requirements and pain control. Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II patients undergoing LC and anesthetized with sevoflurane were randomized to one of two groups. Group E patients received a bolus of esmolol 0.5 mg·kg(-1) iv at induction followed by an infusion of 5-15 μg·kg(-1)·min(-1), and Group R-K patients received a bolus of ketamine 0.5 mg·kg(-1) iv and remifentanil 0.5 μg·kg(-1) iv at induction followed by a remifentanil infusion titrated over a range of 0.1-0.5 μg·kg(-1)·min(-1). All patients received paracetamol, dexketoprofen, and levobupivacaine via infiltration of laparoscopic port sites. After surgery, a predetermined bolus of morphine was administered according to a verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS) for pain intensity. The primary outcome of interest was postoperative morphine requirement. Median consumption of morphine was higher in Group R-K than in Group E (5 mg [4-6] vs 0 mg [0-2], respectively; P < 0.001). In the postanesthesia care unit, patients in Group R-K had higher pain scores than patients in Group E (difference in maximum VNRS, -11; 95% confidence interval (CI), -19 to -3). The concentration of sevoflurane to maintain a bispectral index~40 was higher in Group E than in Group R-K (between-group difference 0.3%; 95% CI, 0.15 to 0.40). The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting was similar between the two groups. Intraoperative esmolol infusion reduces morphine requirements and provides more effective analgesia compared with a combination of remifentanil-ketamine given by infusion in patients undergoing LC.

  5. The effect of TENS on pain, function, depression, and analgesic consumption in the early postoperative period with spinal surgery patients.

    PubMed

    Kara, Bilge; Baskurt, Ferdi; Acar, Serap; Karadibak, Didem; Ciftci, Lugen; Erbayraktar, Serhat; Gokmen, Ali Necati

    2011-01-01

    The aim of our study was to examine the effects of the use of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) in patients who had undergone spinal surgery on pain, functionality, depression and consumption of analgesic agents. Fifty-Four patients were randomized and placed into two groups, patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) plus TENS and only PCA. To assess the pain levels of the patients, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used. In the assessment of their functional levels, the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) was utilized and in the assessment of their depression, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used. The measurements were performed before the operation and on the first and second postoperative days. The side effects were recorded from the analgesic agents. During the first and second days after the operation, a decrease in the pain levels was noticed in the TENS group (p < 0.05. In the TENS group, the consumption of analgesic agents also decreased and thus side effects were less frequent. From the viewpoint of functional and depression levels, no significant difference between the groups was noticed (p > 0.05). TENS was effective in reducing analgesic agent-related side effects and in reducing analgesic consumption. In addition, TENS also decreased activity related pain.

  6. [Efficacy of baclosan in combined therapy of muscular-tonic pain syndrome in the early postoperative period in patients after microdiscectomy].

    PubMed

    Kryuchkova, S V

    2015-01-01

    A comparative analysis of the efficacy of baclosan in adjuvant therapy of muscular-tonic pain syndromes in the early postoperative period after microdiscectomy. One hundred and three patients (65 men and 38 women, mean age 42±5,0 years) were divided into two sex- and age-matched groups depending on the treatment. Patients of group 1 received baclosan in the combination with standard therapy, patients of group 2 received standard therapy. Patients were assessed before treatment, at 3 and 10 days of treatment. Treatment effect (maximum relief of pain and anxiety-depressive syndromes) was achieved earlier in group 1 compared to group 2. The questions of substantiation of pathogenetic action of baclosan effect in the complex therapy of muscular-tonic pain syndromes in patients after microdiscectomy are considered.

  7. Efficacy of a proton pump inhibitor given in the early postoperative period to relieve symptoms of hiatal hernia after open heart surgery.

    PubMed

    Hata, Mitsumasa; Shiono, Motomi; Sekino, Hisakuni; Furukawa, Hidekazu; Sezai, Akira; Iida, Mitsuru; Yoshitake, Isamu; Hattori, Tsutomu; Wakui, Shinji; Taoka, Makoto; Negishi, Nanao; Sezai, Yukiyasu

    2006-01-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of a proton pump inhibitor, we retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent gastric fiberscopy (GFS) in the early phase after cardiac surgery. The subjects were 103 patients who underwent GFS for poor appetite, gastric pain, heartburn, or hematemesis after cardiac surgery. We divided the patients into two groups: group I consisted of 49 patients who received an H2-receptor antagonist (ranitidine hydrochloride 300 mg/day), and group II consisted of 54 patients who received a proton pump inhibitor (PPI; sodium rabeprazole 10 mg/day) as prophylactic treatment. The incidence of upper gastrointestinal (GI) disease was compared in the two groups. Gastric fiberscopy confirmed that 82.5% of the patients had type I hiatal hernia. The incidences of gastric pain and heartburn were significantly higher in group I (12.2% and 83.7%) than in group II (0% and 37.0%). Moreover, gastric bleeding occurred in two patients from group I, one [corrected] of whom died of coagulopathy. The incidences of hemorrhagic gastritis, active ulcer, and reflux esophagitis were significantly higher in group I than in group II, at 22.4%, 22.4%, and 24.5% vs 1.9%, 0%, and 7.4%. Early postcardiotomy GFS confirmed a high incidence of type I hiatal hernia. However, the proton pump inhibitor given in the early postoperative period proved more effective than the H2-receptor antagonist for relieving GI symptoms and preventing upper GI disorders after cardiac surgery.

  8. Pain and affective distress before and after ACL surgery: a comparison of amateur and professional male soccer players in the early postoperative period.

    PubMed

    Oztekin, Haluk H; Boya, Hakan; Ozcan, Ozal; Zeren, Bulent; Pinar, Pelin

    2008-10-01

    Pain thresholds and levels of distress before and in the early postoperative period after anterior cruciate ligament surgery were measured in professional and amateur male soccer players and compared. Between June 2005 and March 2007, 30 soccer players (10 amateur, 20 professional) with acute or chronic tears of the anterior cruciate ligament who were scheduled for a bone-tendon-bone ACL reconstruction procedure were enrolled in the study. Measures of pain intensity, depression and anxiety were assessed 1 day pre-operation and 1 week and 3 weeks post-operation (T1 T2 and T3). Pain was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS), depression with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and anxiety with both the state and trait forms of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Scores on the VAS, BDI, and STAI in both groups were analyzed. The mean VAS scores at T1 and T2 in professional players were not significantly higher than those in amateur players (P>0.05). Professionals had significantly higher BDI scores at T1 and T2 (P<0.05), but this difference was not significant at T3 (P=0.12). High depression scores did not correlate with high pain scores. Pain scores between professional and amateur soccer players with ACL injuries were not significantly different pre-op or in the early post-op period. Depression was more common in professionals before and after their ACL surgery, but anxiety levels were not significantly different between the two groups.

  9. Early Decompression of Acute Subdural Hematoma for Postoperative Neurological Improvement: A Single Center Retrospective Review of 10 Years

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Chang Hyun; Shim, Yu Shik; Hyun, Dongkeun; Park, Hyeonseon; Kim, Eunyoung

    2016-01-01

    Objective This study was conducted to investigate survival related factors, as well as to evaluate the effects of early decompression on acute subdural hematoma (ASDH). Methods We retrospectively reviewed cases of decompressive craniectomy (DC) for decade. In total, 198 cases of DC involved ASDH were available for review, and 65 cases were excluded due to missing data on onset time and a delayed operation after closed observation with medical care. Finally, 133 cases of DC with ASDH were included in this study, and various factors including the time interval between trauma onset and operation were evaluated. Results In the present study, survival rate after DC in patients with ASDH was shown to be related to patient age (50 years old, p=0.012), brain compression ratio (p=0.042) and brain stem compression (p=0.020). Sex, preoperative mental status, and time interval between trauma onset and operation were not related with survival rate. Among those that survived (n=78), improvements in Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of more than three points, compared to preoperative measurement, were more frequently observed among the early (less than 3 hours between trauma onset and operation) decompressed cases (p=0.013). However, improvements of more than 4 or 5 points on the GCS were not affected by early decompression. Conclusion Early