Science.gov

Sample records for economic sanctions military

  1. Economic Sanctions, Military Activity, and Road Traffic Crashes in Vojvodina, Serbia

    PubMed Central

    Ðurić, Predrag; Peek-Asa, Corinne

    2008-01-01

    Objectives Political violence has not been examined as a risk factor for traumatic injuries from road traffic crashes. We identify trends in road traffic crashes related to war-related military activity and international economic sanctions in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia. Methods Overall road traffic crashes and crashes leading to hospitalization and fatality in Vojvodina, Serbia were examined from 1996 through 2001. Rates were calculated per 100,000 population and per 10,000 registered vehicles. Three time periods were examined: years with international sanctions and military activity; years with international sanctions but no military activity; and, years with neither sanctions nor military activity. Results Compared to the period with neither sanctions nor military activity, severe injury crashes were 1.23 times more frequent (95% CI = 1.19 – 1.27) during the period with sanctions and military activity and 1.21 times more frequent (95% CI= 1.16 – 1.27) during the period with sanctions but no military activity. Conclusions Our data suggest that vehicle travel became safer following the end of military action and economic sanctions. Road traffic safety needs to be a priority both during periods of political unrest and its recovery phase. PMID:19074242

  2. The health impact of economic sanctions.

    PubMed

    Garfield, R; Devin, J; Fausey, J

    1995-01-01

    Embargoes and sanctions are tools of foreign policy. They can induce a decline in economic activity in addition to reducing imports and untoward health effects can supervene, especially among older persons and those with chronic illnesses. Often, violations of the rights of life, health, social services, and protection of human dignity occur among innocent civilians in embargoed nations. This paper examines the effects of embargoes and sanctions against several nations, and calls for studies to determine ways in which economic warfare might be guided by the rule of humanitarian international law, to reduce the effects on civilians. It suggests that the ability to trade in exempted goods and services should be improved, perhaps by establishing uniform criteria and definitions for exemptions, operational criteria under which sanctions committees might function, and methods for monitoring the impact of sanctions on civilian populations in targeted states, particularly with regard to water purity, food availability, and infectious-disease control. Prospective studies are advocated, to generate the data needed to provide better information and monitoring capacity than presently exists. PMID:10101382

  3. Economic Conditions of Military Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and…

  4. The health effects of economic sanctions and embargoes: the role of health professionals. Ethics and Human Rights Committee.

    PubMed

    Morin, K; Miles, S H

    2000-01-18

    As a widely used tool of foreign policy, economic sanctions take many forms. They include mandating trade restrictions (for example, limiting imports from or exports to a sanctioned nation), freezing bank accounts, limiting international travel to and from an area, imposing additional tariffs, and exerting other pressures that are intended to slow key economic activities. Since the end of the Cold War, as the global market has expanded, many countries and the United Nations have increasingly used economic sanctions instead of military intervention to compel nations to end civil or extraterritorial war or to reduce abuse of human rights. Similarly, the United States has attempted to influence international governments' domestic policies by using other economic means, such as relating "most favored nation" trading status to a country's human rights record or prohibiting the import of goods from countries in which illegal child labor is widespread. Repercussions from these measures influence a country's economic development and, therefore, can also affect the overall welfare of a nation's population. In contrast to war's easily observable casualties, the apparently nonviolent consequences of economic intervention seem like an acceptable alternative. However, recent reports suggest that economic sanctions can seriously harm the health of persons who live in targeted nations. For this reason, the American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine has undertaken this examination of physicians' roles in addressing the health effects of economic sanctions. PMID:10644279

  5. Economic conditions of military families.

    PubMed

    Hosek, James; Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid

    2013-01-01

    For military children and their families, the economic news is mostly good. After a period of steady pay increases, James Hosek and Shelley MacDermid Wadsworth write, service members typically earn more than civilians with a comparable level of education. Moreover, they receive many other benefits that civilians often do not, including housing allowances, subsidized child care, tuition assistance, and top-of-the-line comprehensive health care. Of course, service members tend to work longer hours than civilians do, and they are exposed to hazards that civilians rarely, if ever, face. The extra pay they receive when they are deployed to combat zones helps their families cope financially but cannot alleviate the stress. Though service members are relatively well paid, the military lifestyle takes a toll on the earnings of their spouses. Chiefly because the military requires service members to move frequently, spouses' careers are regularly interrupted, and employers are hesitant to offer them jobs that require a large investment in training or a long learning curve. More military spouses than comparable civilian spouses are either unemployed or work fewer hours than they would like, and military spouses overall tend to earn less than their civilian counterparts. Despite the military's relatively high pay, some service members and their families--particularly among the junior enlisted ranks--report financial distress, and a handful even qualify for food stamps. Moreover, precisely because military pay tends to be higher than civilian pay, families may see a drop in income when a service member leaves the armed forces. Finally, the pay increases of recent years have slowed, and force cutbacks are coming; both of these factors will alter the financial picture for service members, possibly for the worse. PMID:25518691

  6. The Impact of War and Economic Sanction on the Incidence of Retinopathy of Prematurity in Serbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mladenovich, Derek; Langeggen, Irene

    2009-01-01

    This study compared the distribution of various types of visual impairments among Serbian children who were born prior to the imposed economic sanctions and wars of the 1990s in the former Yugoslavia to that of children who were born during the years of economic sanctions and active war. (Contains 2 tables.)

  7. Military Expenditure and Socio-Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Nicole

    1983-01-01

    The relationship between military expenditure and the stimulation of aggregate demand, inflation, investment, trade balance, foreign exchange, the improvement of taxation, and employment creation and industrialization in the Third World is analyzed. To some extent military expenditure does promote economic growth, but it does not automatically…

  8. Economic sanctions as human rights violations: reconciling political and public health imperatives.

    PubMed Central

    Marks, S P

    1999-01-01

    The impact of economic sanctions on civilians has frequently been studied by public health specialists and specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). This commentary explores some of the difficulties of the claim that sanctions constitute violations of human rights. The deprivation suffered by civilian populations under sanctions regimes often are violations of economic, social, and cultural human rights; however, the attribution of responsibility for those violations to the "senders" of sanctions (the UN Security Council or the US government, for example) is difficult to sustain, particularly in light of the efforts made by these entities to provide for humanitarian exemptions and humanitarian aid. A more productive approach to avoiding civilian harm is to prefer, as a matter of policy, arms embargoes, severing of communications, and international criminal prosecutions over trade embargoes. Promising recommendations have been formulated regarding "smart sanctions," which target regimes rather than people, and "positive sanctions" in the form of incentives. Health and human rights professionals have specific and important tasks in implementing such a restructured approach to sanctions. PMID:10511832

  9. The impact of economic sanctions on health and human rights in Haiti, 1991-1994.

    PubMed Central

    Gibbons, E; Garfield, R

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This report examines the impact of an economic embargo from 1991 to 1994 on health, well-being, and human rights in Haiti. METHODS: Data from surveillance systems for nutrition, reportable diseases, and hospital diagnoses were combined with survey data and interviews with affected women, governmental representatives, diplomats, and staff of nongovernmental organizations. RESULTS: Changes included declining income, rising unemployment, poorer nutrition, declining infant mortality, rising mortality among 1- to 4-year-olds, decreased attention to children's well-being and education, and family breakdown. Survival strategies among poor Haitians included changed dietary habits, informal-sector economic activity, moving in with relatives, selling domestic goods, increased informal unions among couples, decreased school attendance, and indentured servitude among children. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of economic sanctions in Haiti resulted in extensive violations of rights; the impact was greatest on the most disadvantaged Haitians. Many Haitian and international supporters of democracy were unaware of the extensive negative impact that sanctions could have. The impact continues now, 5 years after sanctions ended. Modified policies reduced some of the burden of sanctions, and international assistance prevented what otherwise might have become a humanitarian disaster during sanctions. PMID:10511830

  10. The effect of economic sanctions on the mortality of Iraqi children prior to the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

    PubMed Central

    Daponte, B O; Garfield, R

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of sanctions on mortality among Iraqi children. METHODS: The effects of economic sanctions on health are not well known. Past studies on the effect of economic sanctions on mortality have suffered from unreliable data sources and the collinearity of sanctions with other negative economic events. We overcame these weaknesses by using individual child records from a retrospective survey of mothers conducted after the 1991 Persian Gulf War to examine the effect of sanctions on mortality among Iraqi children. Multivariate proportional hazards analysis was used to assess the effect of economic sanctions prior to war (from August through December 1990). RESULTS: We found that after controlling for child and maternal characteristics, when economic sanctions were entered into the proportional hazards equation, the risk of dying increased dramatically. This increase was highly significant statistically. CONCLUSIONS: Innovative application of robust epidemiologic research tools can contribute to assessments of health and well-being even under the methodological and practical constraints of comprehensive economic sanctions, but more research is needed. PMID:10754968

  11. A news media analysis of economic sanction effects on access to medicine in Iran

    PubMed Central

    Kheirandish, Mehrnaz; Rashidian, Arash; Bigdeli, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    Objective: In the past decades economic sanctions have been used by different countries or international organizations in order to deprive target countries of some transactions. While the sanctions do not target health care systems or public health structures, they may, in fact, affect the availability of health care in target countries. In this study, we used media analysis to assess the impacts of recent sanctions imposed by the Central Bank of Iran in 2012 on access to medicines in Iran. Methods: We searched different sources of written news media including a database of nonspecialized weeklies and magazines, online news sources, web pages of daily newspapers and healthcare oriented weeklies from 2011 to 2013. We searched the sources using the general term “medicine” to reduce the chances of missing relevant items. The identified news media were read, and categorized under three groups of items announcing “shortage of medicines,” “medicines related issues” and “no shortage.” We conducted trend analyzes to see whether the news media related to access to medicines were affected by the economic sanctions. Findings: A total number of 371 relevant news media were collected. The number of news media related to medicines substantially increased in the study period: 30 (8%), 161 (43%) and 180 (49%) were published in 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. While 145 (39%) of media items referred to the shortage of medicines, 97 (26%) reported no shortage or alleviating of concerns. Conclusion: Media analysis suggests a clear increase in the number of news media reporting a shortage in Iran after the sanctions. In 2013, there were accompanying increases in the number of news media reporting alleviation of the shortages of medicines. Our analysis provides evidence of negative effects of the sanctions on access to medicines in Iran. PMID:26645026

  12. A review of pharmaceutical policies in response to economic crises and sanctions

    PubMed Central

    Kheirandish, Mehrnaz; Rashidian, Arash; Kebriaeezade, Abbas; Cheraghali, Abdol Majid; Soleymani, Fatemeh

    2015-01-01

    An economic crisis has been defined as a situation in which the scale of a country's economy becomes smaller in a period of time. Economic crises happen for various reasons, including economic sanctions. Economic crises in a country may affect national priorities for investment and expenditure and reduce available resources, and hence may affect the health care sector including access to medicines. We reviewed the pharmaceutical policies that the countries adopted in order to mitigate the potential negative effects on access to medicines. We reviewed published reports and articles after conducting a comprehensive search of the PubMed and the Google Scholar. After extracting relevant data from the identified articles, we used the World Health Organization (WHO) access to medicines framework as a guide for the categorization of the policies. We identified a total of 40 studies, of which 10 reported the national pharmaceutical policies adopted to reduce the negative impacts of economic crises on access to medicines in high-income and middle-income countries. We identified 89 policies adopted in the 11 countries and categorized them into 12 distinct policy directions. Most of the policies focused on financial aspects of the pharmaceutical sector. In some cases, countries adopted policies that potentially had negative effects on access to medicines. Only Italy had adopted policies encompassing all four accesses to medicine factors recommended by the WHO. While the countries have adopted many seemingly effective policies, little evidence exists on the effectiveness of these policies to improve access to medicines at a time of an economic crisis. PMID:26312250

  13. A review of pharmaceutical policies in response to economic crises and sanctions.

    PubMed

    Kheirandish, Mehrnaz; Rashidian, Arash; Kebriaeezade, Abbas; Cheraghali, Abdol Majid; Soleymani, Fatemeh

    2015-01-01

    An economic crisis has been defined as a situation in which the scale of a country's economy becomes smaller in a period of time. Economic crises happen for various reasons, including economic sanctions. Economic crises in a country may affect national priorities for investment and expenditure and reduce available resources, and hence may affect the health care sector including access to medicines. We reviewed the pharmaceutical policies that the countries adopted in order to mitigate the potential negative effects on access to medicines. We reviewed published reports and articles after conducting a comprehensive search of the PubMed and the Google Scholar. After extracting relevant data from the identified articles, we used the World Health Organization (WHO) access to medicines framework as a guide for the categorization of the policies. We identified a total of 40 studies, of which 10 reported the national pharmaceutical policies adopted to reduce the negative impacts of economic crises on access to medicines in high-income and middle-income countries. We identified 89 policies adopted in the 11 countries and categorized them into 12 distinct policy directions. Most of the policies focused on financial aspects of the pharmaceutical sector. In some cases, countries adopted policies that potentially had negative effects on access to medicines. Only Italy had adopted policies encompassing all four accesses to medicine factors recommended by the WHO. While the countries have adopted many seemingly effective policies, little evidence exists on the effectiveness of these policies to improve access to medicines at a time of an economic crisis. PMID:26312250

  14. Sanctions: Do they work

    SciTech Connect

    Lopez, G.A.

    1993-11-01

    Economic sanctions have been used by nations to coerce other nations for many years. Sanctions can be used to deter aggresion, defend human rights, and discourage nuclear proliferation. This article brings up several questions concerning the utility of sanctions, regardless of whether they are employed by the United Nations, a group of nations, or a single nation. Questions to be answered include: When are sanctions appropriate For what situations should they be used What factors count for their success or failure How can the burden of sustaining sanctions be equalized for rich and poor nations Can the impact of santions on the poor and innocent in target states be minimized while maintaining the pressure placed on targeted leaders The article introduces a series of other articles included in this month's issue of The Bulletin which address these and other issues.

  15. 78 FR 45283 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for Fourth Quarter FY 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-26

    ... ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for Fourth Quarter FY 2013 In... following interest rate is effective for Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans approved on or after July 19, 2013. Military Reservist Loan Program--4.000% Dated: July 19, 2013. James E....

  16. Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

  17. 76 FR 56866 - Bureau of Economic, Energy and Business Affairs; Persons on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ... of State in the Presidential Memorandum of September 23, 2010, 75 FR 67025 (the ``Delegation....; --Associated Shipbroking (a.k.a. SAM); --Belarusneft (see Public Notice 7408, 76 FR 18821, April 5, 2011... (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. DATES: Effective Date: The sanctions on Associated Shipbroking,...

  18. The Social and Economic Impact of Sanctions and Time Limits on Recipients of Temporary Assistance to Needy Families

    PubMed Central

    Lindhorst, Taryn; Mancoske, Ronald J.

    2007-01-01

    A central feature of the reforms enacted through the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (welfare reform) has been the adoption of strategies to involuntarily remove Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) recipients from the welfare rolls, including increased use of sanctions and time limits on welfare receipt. Drawing on data from a three year panel study of women who had been receiving welfare in a state which adopted stringent sanctioning and time limit policies, we investigate predictors of recipients’ TANF status after implementation of welfare reform, and identify differences in post-reform material resources, hardships and quality of life based on TANF status. Almost half of all welfare case closures during the first time period after reforms were implemented through involuntary strategies. Relatively few baseline characteristics predicted different outcomes once welfare time limits and sanctions were implemented. Those who were timed off welfare had substantially lower incomes in the year following their removal. One third of all respondents, regardless of reason for leaving TANF reported having insufficient food, housing problems and lack of access to needed medical care. PMID:18080002

  19. Military construction program economic analysis manual: Text and appendixes: Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-12-01

    This manual enables the US Air Force to comprehensively and systematically analyze alternative approaches to meeting its military construction requirements. The manual includes step-by-step procedures for completing economic analyses for military construction projects, beginning with determining if an analysis is necessary. Instructions and a checklist of the tasks involved for each step are provided; and examples of calculations and illustrations of completed forms are included. The manual explains the major tasks of an economic analysis, including identifying the problem, selecting realistic alternatives for solving it, formulating appropriate assumptions, determining the costs and benefits of the alternatives, comparing the alternatives, testing the sensitivity of major uncertainties, and ranking the alternatives. Appendixes are included that contain data, indexes, and worksheets to aid in performing the economic analyses. For reference, Volume 2 contains sample economic analyses that illustrate how each form is filled out and that include a complete example of the documentation required. 6 figs., 12 tabs.

  20. 78 FR 65416 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for First Quarter FY 2014

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for First Quarter FY 2014 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512,...

  1. 77 FR 4854 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Second Quarter FY 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Second Quarter FY 2012 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512,...

  2. 78 FR 5555 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Second Quarter FY 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Second Quarter FY 2013 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512,...

  3. 78 FR 26680 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Third Quarter FY 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Third Quarter FY 2013 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512,...

  4. 48 CFR 25.703-2 - Iran Sanctions Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of Iran and development by Iran of weapons of mass destruction or other military capabilities. (2... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Iran Sanctions Act. 25.703... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.703-2 Iran Sanctions Act. (a)...

  5. Technical and economic assessment of swept-wing span-distributed load concepts for civil and military air cargo transports

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    The feasibility of large freighter aircraft was assessed, including the impact of military requirements on the performance, economics, and fuel consumption characteristics. Only configurations having net payloads of 272,155 to 544,311 kilograms contained within swept wings of constant chord were studied. These configurations were of advanced composite construction with controllable winglets and full-span digitally-controlled trailing-edge surfaces. Civil, military, and joint civil/military production programs were considered.

  6. Detrimental effects of sanctions on human altruism.

    PubMed

    Fehr, Ernst; Rockenbach, Bettina

    2003-03-13

    The existence of cooperation and social order among genetically unrelated individuals is a fundamental problem in the behavioural sciences. The prevailing approaches in biology and economics view cooperation exclusively as self-interested behaviour--unrelated individuals cooperate only if they face economic rewards or sanctions rendering cooperation a self-interested choice. Whether economic incentives are perceived as just or legitimate does not matter in these theories. Fairness-based altruism is, however, a powerful source of human cooperation. Here we show experimentally that the prevailing self-interest approach has serious shortcomings because it overlooks negative effects of sanctions on human altruism. Sanctions revealing selfish or greedy intentions destroy altruistic cooperation almost completely, whereas sanctions perceived as fair leave altruism intact. These findings challenge proximate and ultimate theories of human cooperation that neglect the distinction between fair and unfair sanctions, and they are probably relevant in all domains in which voluntary compliance matters--in relations between spouses, in the education of children, in business relations and organizations as well as in markets. PMID:12634778

  7. Detrimental effects of sanctions on human altruism.

    PubMed

    Fehr, Ernst; Rockenbach, Bettina

    2003-03-13

    The existence of cooperation and social order among genetically unrelated individuals is a fundamental problem in the behavioural sciences. The prevailing approaches in biology and economics view cooperation exclusively as self-interested behaviour--unrelated individuals cooperate only if they face economic rewards or sanctions rendering cooperation a self-interested choice. Whether economic incentives are perceived as just or legitimate does not matter in these theories. Fairness-based altruism is, however, a powerful source of human cooperation. Here we show experimentally that the prevailing self-interest approach has serious shortcomings because it overlooks negative effects of sanctions on human altruism. Sanctions revealing selfish or greedy intentions destroy altruistic cooperation almost completely, whereas sanctions perceived as fair leave altruism intact. These findings challenge proximate and ultimate theories of human cooperation that neglect the distinction between fair and unfair sanctions, and they are probably relevant in all domains in which voluntary compliance matters--in relations between spouses, in the education of children, in business relations and organizations as well as in markets.

  8. Cyberbullying: Sanctions or Sensitivity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowie, Helen; Colliety, Pat

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the phenomenon of cyberbullying. The argument here is that, although there is a case for sanctions, schools also have a critical role to play in preventing and reducing cyberbullying through a process of awareness-raising, the education of the emotions and active participation of children and young people themselves.

  9. Thirty-five-year climatic cycle in heliogeophysics, psychophysiology, military politics, and economics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Halberg, F.; Cornélissen, G.; Sothern, R. B.; Czaplicki, J.; Schwartzkopff, O.

    2010-12-01

    Cycles of about 35 years found in the climate by Brückner and Egeson were aligned with periodic changes in the length of the solar cycle by the Lockyers. The solar-cycle length and climate were subsequently revisited without reference to any cyclicity or those who discovered it. The descriptive statistics of Bruckner and Lockyer were repeatedly questioned and, with notable exceptions, have been forgotten. Bruckner's data, taken from his summary chart, are shown here for the first time inferentially statistically validated as nonstationary (to the point of intermittency) and, as transdisciplinary, extending from meteorology to 2556 years of international battles; to 2189 years of tree rings; to ˜900 years of northern lights; to 400 years of economics; to 173 years of military affairs; and to ˜40 years of helio-, interplanetary- and geomagnetics matching a longitudinal record by a healthy individual who self-measured his heart rate and mental functions (with a 1-min time estimation), among other variables. Space weather, mirrored in the circulation of human blood, can be tracked biologically as a dividend from self-assessed preventive health care including the automatically and ambulatory-recorded heart rate and blood pressure for detecting and treating heretofore ignored vascular variability disorders. A website providing free analyses for anyone (in exchange for their data) could serve any community with computer-savvy members and could start focusing the attention of the population at large on problems of societal as well as individual health. Space weather was found to affect the human cardiovascular system, and it has been supposed that data on space weather can be inversely assimilated from biological self-monitoring data.

  10. How Do Welfare Sanctions Work?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Chi-Fang; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.; Wallace, Geoffrey L.

    2006-01-01

    Under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, families are subject to greater work requirements, and the severity of sanction for noncompliance has increased. Using Wisconsin longitudinal administrative data, the authors performed event history analysis to examine the dynamic patterns of sanctioning and the patterns of benefits following a…

  11. 42 CFR 488.820 - Available sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Alternative Sanctions for Home... provider agreement, the following alternative sanctions are available: (a) Civil money penalties....

  12. 42 CFR 488.820 - Available sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Alternative Sanctions for Home... provider agreement, the following alternative sanctions are available: (a) Civil money penalties....

  13. Economic Burden of Hearing Loss for the U.S. Military: A Proposed Framework for Estimation.

    PubMed

    Alamgir, Hasanat; Tucker, David L; Kim, Sun-Young; Betancourt, Jose A; Turner, Caryn A; Gorrell, Natasha S; Wong, Nicole J; Sagiraju, Hari K R; Cooper, Sharon P; Douphrate, David I; Whitworth, Kristina W; Marko, Dritana; Gimeno, David; Cornell, John; Hammill, Tanisha L; Senchak, Andrew J; Packer, Mark D

    2016-04-01

    The goal of this multiphased research is to develop methods to comprehensively determine the economic impact of hearing impairment and noise-induced hearing injury among active duty U.S. Service Members. Several steps were undertaken to develop a framework and model for economic burden analysis: (1) a literature review identifying studies reporting the cost of health conditions and injuries in the Department of Defense, (2) consultation with a panel of subject matter experts who reviewed these cost items, and (3) discussions with DoD data stewards and review of relevant data dictionaries and databases. A Markov model was developed to represent the cumulative economic effect of events along the career span, such as retraining after hearing impairment and injury, by synthesizing inputs from various sources. The model, as developed and proposed in this study, will be a valuable decision-making tool for the DoD to identify high-risk groups, take proactive measures, and develop focused education, customized equipping, and return-to-duty and reintegration programs, thereby maximizing the retention of skilled, experienced, and mission-ready Service Members. PMID:27046174

  14. Sanctions for ethics violations: does licensure of socioeconomic status matter?

    PubMed

    Richards, Karlotta A; Noblin, Charles D

    1999-01-01

    Although sexual relationships between therapists and their clients are unethical, such beahviors still occur. This study investigated whether psychologists with applied versus nonapplied training differed in the severity of sanctions advocated for psychologists charged with sexual ethical violations toward high- or low-socioeconomic status victims. Licensed and Nonlicensed psychologists (N=48) viewed a 15-min videotape simulating the adjudication process about an alleged sexual involvement between client and psychologist, then prescribed either: Dismissal of Charges, Educative Advisory, Educative Warning, Reprimand, Censure, Stipulated Resignation, Permitted Resignation, or Expulsion. The alleged victim was described as a college professor of home economics or a hairdresser. Licensed psychologists chose more severe sanctions ("Stipulated or Permitted Resignation") than did Nonlicensed psychologists ("Censure"). Socioeconomic status made no significant difference in sanctions. Apparently, applied therapy training results in more severe judgements toward those who violate American Psychological Association ethical guidelines than other types of psychology training.

  15. 10 CFR 501.181 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., Sanctions and Judicial Actions § 501.181 Sanctions. (a) General. (1) A violation of any provision of the Act... sanctions provided in subtitle C of title VII of FUA. (2) Each day that any provision of the Act (other than... who willfully violates any provision of the Act (other than section 402), or any rule or...

  16. 10 CFR 501.181 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., Sanctions and Judicial Actions § 501.181 Sanctions. (a) General. (1) A violation of any provision of the Act... sanctions provided in subtitle C of title VII of FUA. (2) Each day that any provision of the Act (other than... who willfully violates any provision of the Act (other than section 402), or any rule or...

  17. 19 CFR 210.25 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 210.25 Section 210.25 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION INVESTIGATIONS OF UNFAIR PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Motions § 210.25 Sanctions. (a)(1) Any party may file a motion for sanctions...

  18. 6 CFR 13.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 13.29 Section 13.29 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.29 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a Person, including any party or Representative, for: (1) Failing to comply...

  19. 6 CFR 13.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions. 13.29 Section 13.29 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.29 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a Person, including any party or Representative, for: (1) Failing to comply...

  20. 42 CFR 1005.14 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Sanctions. 1005.14 Section 1005.14 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES APPEALS OF EXCLUSIONS, CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES AND ASSESSMENTS § 1005.14 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction...

  1. 42 CFR 1005.14 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sanctions. 1005.14 Section 1005.14 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES APPEALS OF EXCLUSIONS, CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES AND ASSESSMENTS § 1005.14 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction...

  2. 42 CFR 1005.14 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions. 1005.14 Section 1005.14 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES APPEALS OF EXCLUSIONS, CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES AND ASSESSMENTS § 1005.14 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction...

  3. 76 FR 35740 - North Korea Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-20

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Part 510 North Korea Sanctions Regulations AGENCY: Office of... Foreign Assets Control (``OFAC'') is amending the North Korea Sanctions Regulations to implement Executive... Control published the North Korea Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 510 (the ``Regulations''),...

  4. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure does... date of the sanction as specified in the sanction notice. (2) Reduction of payments, for all...

  5. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure does... date of the sanction as specified in the sanction notice. (2) Reduction of payments, for all...

  6. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure does... date of the sanction as specified in the sanction notice. (2) Reduction of payments, for all...

  7. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure does... date of the sanction as specified in the sanction notice. (2) Reduction of payments, for all...

  8. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  9. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  10. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  11. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  12. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  13. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A prior sanction shall exist only for... food additive or GRAS regulation promulgated after a general evaluation of use of an ingredient... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food...

  14. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food...

  15. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food and...

  16. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food...

  17. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food...

  18. [The military pharmocopoeias in Denmark].

    PubMed

    Kruse, P R

    2000-09-01

    In 1812, the Danish king decided to reform the medicine supply to the military on the initiative of the pharmacist Jens Peter Groth (1785-1832), the tenant of the Royal Orphanage Pharmacy in Copenhagen. Up till then, the military physicians themselves for fixed medicine money had supplied the army and the navy with the necessary medicine, but now it was decided that Groth should establish a military pharmacy to manage the future medicine supply to the army and the navy in Copenhagen and also that the medicial members of the General Direction of the Military Medical Service should compile a military pharmacopoeia for both of the fighting services. The Royal Orphanage Pharmacy was named the Royal Military & Orphanage Pharmacy and the ordered military pharmacopoeia was issued in 1813. Compared with the national pharmacopoeia, the military pharmacopoeia was characterized by a limitation of the number of medicaments and by a simplification of the compositions. These facts were caused by the economic considerations and the duty of the military physicians themselves to prepare the simple medicaments. The subsequent editions of the military pharmacopoeia were published in 1840, 1857 og 1869, but in 1874, the military pharmacopoeia was cancelled, because the medicaments in the military pharmacopoeia were less effectual and less palatable than the medicaments in the national pharmacopoeia, and because the use of the military pharmacopoeia did not result in economic savings. PMID:11640530

  19. Do We Need Stronger Sanctions to Ensure Legal Compliance By Pharmaceutical Firms?

    PubMed

    Rodwin, Marc A

    2015-01-01

    The increasing number of enforcement lawsuits against pharmaceutical firms and the large size of settlement payments suggest that misconduct is widespread and even risks slipping into the banalities of ordinary business practices. It also raises questions as to whether current sanctions are an effective means to ensure compliance. This article explores the causes of the frequent illegal conduct, why prosecutors rarely use the strongest sanctions in their arsenal--criminal penalties and debarment from participation in public programs--and asks whether the use of the strongest sanctions would be desirable. Prosecutors might not use the strongest penalties available because of divided enforcement authority or because they prefer to seek monetary penalties to support their budgets. Moreover, strong sanctions might be perceived as imposing steep collateral damages on the-general public and being politically costly. If prosecutors are reluctant to impose the strongest possible sanctions, then policymakers need to develop alternative responses. One option is to create stronger economic penalties than the ones that currently exist. Corporations and their managers have incentives to increase their income, and their pursuit of profit sometimes leads these managers to violate the law. To deter illegal conduct, legislation typically allows courts to impose penalties--including fines and incarceration--on convicted individuals and firms. The increasing wide-scale illegal conduct by pharmaceutical firms and their employees over the last two decades prompts three questions. Are current sanctions sufficient? Are stronger sanctions and enforcement policy possible? If so, would they effectively deter harmful illegal conduct? PMID:26630824

  20. 28 CFR 59.6 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 59.6 Section 59.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GUIDELINES ON METHODS OF OBTAINING DOCUMENTARY MATERIALS HELD BY THIRD PARTIES § 59.6 Sanctions. (a) Any federal officer or employee violating the guidelines set...

  1. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  2. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  3. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  4. 22 CFR 62.50 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.50 Section 62.50 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Sanctions § 62.50...) of this section. The Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs shall...

  5. 22 CFR 62.50 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.50 Section 62.50 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Sanctions § 62.50...) of this section. The Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs shall...

  6. 22 CFR 62.50 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.50 Section 62.50 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Sanctions § 62.50...) of this section. The Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs shall...

  7. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  8. 33 CFR 140.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 140.35 Section 140.35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF ACTIVITIES GENERAL General § 140.35 Sanctions. (a) Any person who fails to comply with: (1)...

  9. 24 CFR 570.708 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... COMMUNITY FACILITIES COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS Loan Guarantees § 570.708 Sanctions. (a) Non-State... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 570.708 Section 570.708 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...

  10. 43 CFR 34.11 - Enforcement sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Enforcement sanctions. 34.11 Section 34.11 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.11 Enforcement sanctions....

  11. 10 CFR 218.42 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 218.42 Section 218.42 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL STANDBY MANDATORY INTERNATIONAL OIL ALLOCATION Investigations, Violations, Sanctions and... respect to the sale, offer of sale, or distribution in commerce of oil in commerce after having...

  12. 12 CFR 25.65 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 25.65 Section 25.65 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT AND INTERSTATE DEPOSIT PRODUCTION REGULATIONS Regulations Prohibition Against Use of Interstate Branches Primarily for Deposit Production § 25.65 Sanctions. (a)...

  13. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  14. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  15. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  16. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  17. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  18. Employer Sanctions in Europe. CIS Paper 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Mark J.; Lovell, Malcolm R., Jr.

    This booklet contains two papers on Western European countries' attempt to deal with illegal immigration through employer sanctions. In "Deterrence without Discrimination," Mark J. Miller discusses the sanctions employed by France and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). Evidence from the early years of enforcement reveals that due to poor…

  19. 29 CFR 99.225 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions. 99.225 Section 99.225 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 99.225 Sanctions. No audit costs may be charged to Federal awards when audits required by this part have not...

  20. 38 CFR 41.225 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 41.225 Section 41.225 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 41.225 Sanctions. No audit costs may...

  1. 16 CFR 5.67 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 5.67 Section 5.67 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE STANDARDS OF CONDUCT Disciplinary Actions Concerning Postemployment Conflict of Interest § 5.67 Sanctions. In the case of...

  2. 43 CFR 34.11 - Enforcement sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Enforcement sanctions. 34.11 Section 34.11 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.11 Enforcement sanctions. The provisions of section 17,...

  3. 49 CFR 661.19 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 661.19 Section 661.19 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.19 Sanctions. A willful refusal to comply with a certification by...

  4. 49 CFR 661.19 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions. 661.19 Section 661.19 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.19 Sanctions. A willful refusal to comply with a certification by...

  5. 10 CFR 26.409 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 26.409 Section 26.409 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS FFD Program for Construction § 26.409 Sanctions. Licensees and other... other entity determines that the individual's condition or behavior does not pose a potential risk...

  6. 78 FR 16403 - Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... the Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 561 (the ``IFSR''), on August 16, 2010 (75 FR... sanctionable activities. On February 27, 2012, OFAC amended the IFSR and reissued them in their entirety (77 FR... With Respect to Iran'' (77 FR 45897, August 2, 2012) (``E.O. 13622''). The President issued E.O....

  7. 45 CFR 79.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 79.29 Section 79.29 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.29 Sanctions...), and (e) of this section, shall reasonably relate to the severity and nature of the failure...

  8. 45 CFR 160.530 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 160.530 Section 160.530 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA STANDARDS AND RELATED REQUIREMENTS GENERAL.... The sanctions must reasonably relate to the severity and nature of the failure or misconduct....

  9. 45 CFR 150.455 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 150.455 Section 150.455 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT IN GROUP... severity and nature of the failure or action. (b) A sanction may include any of the following actions:...

  10. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose sanctions against a sponsor that has: (1) Willfully or negligently failed to comply with the reporting requirements... or a United States territory; or, (3) Whose authorized representatives fail to secure their...

  11. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  12. 12 CFR 908.74 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN HEARINGS ON THE RECORD Rules of Practice Before the Finance Board § 908.74 Sanctions. (a) General rule. Appropriate sanctions may be imposed during the course of any proceeding...

  13. 12 CFR 1780.74 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of Practice Before the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight § 1780.74 Sanctions. (a) General rule. Appropriate sanctions may...

  14. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  15. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  16. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  17. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  18. Syria: effects of conflict and sanctions on public health.

    PubMed

    Sen, Kasturi; Al-Faisal, Waleed; AlSaleh, Yaser

    2013-06-01

    The past 18 months have witnessed considerable turmoil in countries of the MENA region. The Syrian Arab Republic (SAR) is one such country, currently in the midst of a civil war. This report draws attention to some of the recent achievements of its health services, where, despite a dearth of published materials, the country achieved remarkable declines in maternal mortality and infant mortality rates. Its health sector now faces destruction from on-going violence compounded by economic sanctions that has affected access to health care, to medicines and to basic essentials as well as the destruction of infrastructure. This paper draws attention to the achievements of the country's health services and explores some of the consequences of conflict and of sanctions on population health. Readers need to be mindful that the situation on the ground in a civil war can alter on a daily basis. This is the case for Syria with much destruction of health facilities and increasing numbers of people killed and injured. We retain however our focus on the core theme of this paper which is on conflict and on sanctions.

  19. Syria: effects of conflict and sanctions on public health.

    PubMed

    Sen, Kasturi; Al-Faisal, Waleed; AlSaleh, Yaser

    2013-06-01

    The past 18 months have witnessed considerable turmoil in countries of the MENA region. The Syrian Arab Republic (SAR) is one such country, currently in the midst of a civil war. This report draws attention to some of the recent achievements of its health services, where, despite a dearth of published materials, the country achieved remarkable declines in maternal mortality and infant mortality rates. Its health sector now faces destruction from on-going violence compounded by economic sanctions that has affected access to health care, to medicines and to basic essentials as well as the destruction of infrastructure. This paper draws attention to the achievements of the country's health services and explores some of the consequences of conflict and of sanctions on population health. Readers need to be mindful that the situation on the ground in a civil war can alter on a daily basis. This is the case for Syria with much destruction of health facilities and increasing numbers of people killed and injured. We retain however our focus on the core theme of this paper which is on conflict and on sanctions. PMID:23179240

  20. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure...

  1. 24 CFR 576.67 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... further failure to comply with such requirements will result in a more serious sanction; (2) Condition a... organizations or units of general local government located in the State for use within the time...

  2. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  3. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  4. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  5. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  6. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  7. 76 FR 18821 - Persons and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-05

    ... State in the Presidential Memorandum of November 21, 1996, 61 FR 64249 (the ``Delegation Memorandum... and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 AGENCY... engaged in a sanctionable investment described in section 5(a)(1) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996...

  8. Military Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Janet L. S.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Includes "Forging Partnerships into the Twenty-First Century" (Brown); "Uncle Sam Wants You to Go to School!" (Perez); "Maintaining Educational Access" (Kelly); "College on Military Bases" (Anderson); "Air Force Members Set High Goals for Continuing Education" (Hoban); "Post-Secondary Education for Military Students through Contracting" (Erdman);…

  9. Sanctions, War, Occupation and the De-Development of Education in Iraq

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Santisteban, Agustin Velloso

    2005-01-01

    In August 1990, the United Nations Security Council imposed economic sanctions on Iraq. These ended in May 2003. In that same month, in which the war launched by Coalition Forces against Iraq ended, the country has been under occupation. The education system, one of the best in the Arab world 15 years ago, has been seriously affected by both the…

  10. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sanctions. 1232.107 Section 1232.107 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CARE AND USE OF ANIMALS IN THE CONDUCT OF... by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  11. 37 CFR 41.56 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... order entered in the appeal or an applicable rule. (2) Advancing or maintaining a misleading or frivolous request for relief or argument. (3) Engaging in dilatory tactics. (b) Nature of sanction... certain facts to have been established in the appeal. (3) An order expunging a paper or precluding...

  12. 37 CFR 41.56 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... order entered in the appeal or an applicable rule. (2) Advancing or maintaining a misleading or frivolous request for relief or argument. (3) Engaging in dilatory tactics. (b) Nature of sanction... certain facts to have been established in the appeal. (3) An order expunging a paper or precluding...

  13. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition;...

  14. 20 CFR 498.214 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 498.214 Section 498.214 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES, ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDED EXCLUSIONS... costs caused by the failure or misconduct; or (2) Refuse to consider any motion or other action that...

  15. 49 CFR 599.517 - Other sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... States pursuant to the False Claims Act (31 U.S.C. 3729), or imprisonment of up to 5 years and fines of... RECYCLE AND SAVE ACT PROGRAM Enforcement § 599.517 Other sanctions. The procedures and penalties described... CARS Act or submits a false certification required by this rule. Anyone who submits false...

  16. 22 CFR 35.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... hearing. (b) Any such sanction, including but not limited to those listed in paragraphs (c), (d), and (e... action under this part commenced by service of a notice of hearing, the ALJ may dismiss the action or may issue an initial decision imposing penalties and assessments. (e) The ALJ may refuse to consider...

  17. 17 CFR 200.114 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 200.114 Section 200.114 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Code of Behavior Governing Ex Parte Communications Between...

  18. 39 CFR 501.12 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... POSTAGE EVIDENCING SYSTEMS § 501.12 Administrative sanctions. (a) An authorized Postage Evidencing System... Evidencing System for which the provider failed to comply with any provision in § 501.11. The Postal Service... Service, the United States, or any other person or entity. (f) An authorized Postage Evidencing...

  19. Immigration Reform: An Analysis of Employer Sanctions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Estevan T.; And Others

    Recent immigration legislation has potential impacts on migrant education and Mexican American education. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 was passed after nine years of intense debate. The heart of so-called immigration reform is employer sanctions, which seek to restrict migration to the United States by prohibiting employers from…

  20. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    .... 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition; sanctions... shall use, withdraw or divert surface waters of the basin, shall pay such charges therefor as may...

  1. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  2. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  3. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  4. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  5. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  6. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition;...

  7. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition;...

  8. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition;...

  9. 24 CFR 200.430 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 200.430 Section 200.430 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA...

  10. 24 CFR 576.67 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 576.67 Section 576.67 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  11. 24 CFR 200.430 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 200.430 Section 200.430 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  12. Repeal of Employer Sanctions: An Advocacy Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC.

    This handbook comprises strategies that concerned individuals can use to petition Congress to repeal the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA). Despite the conclusion of the Government Accounting Office that the employer sanction provisions of the IRCA are causing widespread employment discrimination against Hispanics, Asians, and…

  13. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  14. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  15. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  16. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  17. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  18. 47 CFR 25.160 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative sanctions. 25.160 Section 25.160 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS... terminated for the malicious transmissions of any signal that causes harmful interference with any...

  19. 41 CFR 60-1.27 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions. 60-1.27 Section 60-1.27 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts...-OBLIGATIONS OF CONTRACTORS AND SUBCONTRACTORS General Enforcement; Compliance Review and Complaint...

  20. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... for termination of funding or support. (b) NASA Field Installations. (1) Inappropriate procedures on... NASA ACTIVITIES § 1232.107 Sanctions. (a) Non-NASA Institutions. Principal investigators not employed by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  1. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... for termination of funding or support. (b) NASA Field Installations. (1) Inappropriate procedures on... NASA ACTIVITIES § 1232.107 Sanctions. (a) Non-NASA Institutions. Principal investigators not employed by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  2. 12 CFR 308.108 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of Practice Before the FDIC and Standards of Conduct § 308.108 Sanctions. (a) General rule... a clear and unexcused violation of an applicable statute, regulation, or order; or (4) Has...

  3. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  4. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  5. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  6. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  7. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  8. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  9. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  10. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  11. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  12. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  13. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  14. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  15. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  16. 48 CFR 25.703-2 - Iran Sanctions Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Iran Sanctions Act. 25.703... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.703-2 Iran Sanctions Act. (a) Certification—(1) Certification relating to activities described in section 5 of the Iran Sanctions Act. As required by section...

  17. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  18. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  19. 3 CFR 13645 - Executive Order 13645 of June 3, 2013. Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq... significant transaction related to the purchase or sale of Iranian rials or a derivative, swap, future... Bans and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions). Sec. 12. The Secretary of the...

  20. 75 FR 62916 - Persons and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ... authority delegated to the Secretary of State in the Presidential Memorandum of November 21, 1996, 61 FR... and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 AGENCY... Intertrade Company (NICO) has engaged in a sanctionable investment described in section 5(a)(1) of the...

  1. Military Authority.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

    2001-01-01

    This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article looks at how…

  2. Impact of tax sanctions on physician practice acquisitions and employment.

    PubMed

    Hardy, C T; Lyden, S M; Kasmarcak, S J

    1997-07-01

    The intermediate tax sanctions create significant concerns for tax-exempt healthcare organizations that seek to integrate practicing physicians through practice acquisition or employment. The sanctions will force not-for-profit healthcare organizations to examine both the strategic and business implications of the dollars they have committed to practice acquisition and physician employment. The sanctions also should motivate organizations to reexamine their existing physician compensation arrangements, which may be creating negative incentives for practice productivity. PMID:10168441

  3. Sociological Research in a Military School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ignat'ev, V. V.

    2008-01-01

    What is the content of a system of sociological support for the administration of a higher military educational institution, and what problems are involved? From October 2006 to February 2007, instructors in the department of the humanities and the social-economic disciplines at Eisk F. M. Komarov Higher Military Aviation School (EVVAU) carried…

  4. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A... sanctioned; (B) If excluded from Medicare and the State health care programs, has informed his, her or...

  5. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  6. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A... sanctioned; (B) If excluded from Medicare and the State health care programs, has informed his, her or...

  7. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  8. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  9. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A... sanctioned; (B) If excluded from Medicare and the State health care programs, has informed his, her or...

  10. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A... sanctioned; (B) If excluded from Medicare and the State health care programs, has informed his, her or...

  11. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  12. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  13. 28 CFR 115.176 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.176 Section 115.176 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Discipline § 115.176 Disciplinary sanctions for staff. (a)...

  14. 28 CFR 115.376 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.376 Section 115.376 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Discipline § 115.376 Disciplinary sanctions for...

  15. 28 CFR 115.376 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.376 Section 115.376 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Discipline § 115.376 Disciplinary sanctions for...

  16. 28 CFR 115.176 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.176 Section 115.176 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Discipline § 115.176 Disciplinary sanctions for staff. (a)...

  17. 28 CFR 115.76 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.76 Section 115.76 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Discipline § 115.76 Disciplinary sanctions...

  18. 28 CFR 115.76 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.76 Section 115.76 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Discipline § 115.76 Disciplinary sanctions...

  19. 28 CFR 115.176 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.176 Section 115.176 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Discipline § 115.176 Disciplinary sanctions for staff. (a)...

  20. 28 CFR 115.376 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.376 Section 115.376 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Discipline § 115.376 Disciplinary sanctions for...

  1. 19 CFR 210.4 - Written submissions; representations; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Written submissions; representations; sanctions... Written submissions; representations; sanctions. (a) Caption; names of parties. The front page of every written submission filed by a party or a proposed party to an investigation or a related proceeding...

  2. 19 CFR 210.4 - Written submissions; representations; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Written submissions; representations; sanctions... Written submissions; representations; sanctions. (a) Caption; names of parties. The front page of every written submission filed by a party or a proposed party to an investigation or a related proceeding...

  3. School-Sanctioned Community Service. The State Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, Claire E.

    This report provides materials developed by a project to determine the extent to which the states are involved in school-sanctioned community service programs. Chapter 1 summarizes responses of state education agency (SEA) staff to a questionnaire that focused on permission for student participation in school-sanctioned community service programs,…

  4. 10 CFR 221.37 - Violations and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Violations and sanctions. 221.37 Section 221.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL PRIORITY SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNDER THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT Administrative Procedures and Sanctions § 221.37 Violations...

  5. 45 CFR 98.92 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 98.92 Section 98.92 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Monitoring, Non-compliance and Complaints § 98.92 Penalties and sanctions. (a) Upon a...

  6. 45 CFR 98.92 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 98.92 Section 98.92 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Monitoring, Non-compliance and Complaints § 98.92 Penalties and sanctions. (a) Upon a...

  7. Sanctions for Sex Offenders: Fear and Public Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comartin, Erin B.; Kernsmith, Poco D.; Kernsmith, Roger M.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated public attitudes regarding sex offender sanctions through telephone surveys (n = 703). The greatest support was for residency and work restrictions. There was less support for publication of names in a newspaper, curfews, life in prison, and castration. Support for nonsevere sanctions correlated with socioeconomic status,…

  8. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... other sanction available to the Commission by law; (2) Order that the matters to which the order... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  9. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... other sanction available to the Commission by law; (2) Order that the matters to which the order... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  10. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... other sanction available to the Commission by law; (2) Order that the matters to which the order... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  11. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... other sanction available to the Commission by law; (2) Order that the matters to which the order... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  12. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  13. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  14. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  15. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  16. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  17. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  18. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  19. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  20. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  1. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  2. 12 CFR 1805.802 - Assistance Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Assistance Agreement; sanctions. 1805.802 Section 1805.802 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1805.802 Assistance Agreement; sanctions. (a)...

  3. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Award Agreement; sanctions. 1806.300 Section 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BANK ENTERPRISE AWARD PROGRAM Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1806.300 Award Agreement; sanctions. (a) General. After the Fund selects...

  4. 10 CFR 221.37 - Violations and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Violations and sanctions. 221.37 Section 221.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL PRIORITY SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNDER THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT Administrative Procedures and Sanctions § 221.37 Violations...

  5. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.31 Sanctions: Civil and criminal....

  6. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.31 Sanctions: Civil and criminal....

  7. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.31 Sanctions: Civil and criminal....

  8. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanction for noncompliance. 20.38 Section 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access...

  9. 5 CFR 950.603 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS Miscellaneous Provisions § 950.603 Sanctions and penalties. (a)(1) The Director may impose sanctions or penalties on a federation, charitable organization or PCFO for violating these... bar a federation or charitable organization from serving as PCFO, for a period not to exceed...

  10. 48 CFR 6302.37 - Sanctions (Rule 37).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions (Rule 37). 6302.37 Section 6302.37 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BOARD OF CONTRACT APPEALS RULES OF PROCEDURE 6302.37 Sanctions (Rule 37). If any party fails or refuses to obey...

  11. 41 CFR 60-300.66 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions and penalties. 60-300.66 Section 60-300.66 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... MEDAL VETERANS General Enforcement and Complaint Procedures § 60-300.66 Sanctions and penalties....

  12. 41 CFR 60-250.66 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions and penalties. 60-250.66 Section 60-250.66 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... PROTECTED VETERANS General Enforcement and Complaint Procedures § 60-250.66 Sanctions and penalties....

  13. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  14. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  15. 28 CFR 115.76 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.76 Section 115.76 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Discipline § 115.76 Disciplinary sanctions...

  16. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  17. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  18. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  19. 6 CFR 5.35 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions and penalties. 5.35 Section 5.35 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS AND INFORMATION Privacy Act § 5.35 Sanctions and penalties. Under the provisions of the Privacy Act, 5 U.S.C....

  20. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... through written notice—based on a suggested (non-mandatory) model provided to the sanctioned individual by... direct or indirect ownership interest of 5 percent or more and any management, partnership or control of... an adverse factor at the time the sanctioned practitioner or other person requests reinstatement....

  1. 76 FR 30505 - Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-25

    ... response to those later actions. (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, May 23, 2011. [FR Doc. 2011-13173... Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended By the authority vested in me as President by....), the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note) (ISA), as amended by,...

  2. 76 FR 21787 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-18

    ... of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the Congress... Trade Controls, Bureau of Political- Military Affairs, Department of State (202) 663-2861. SUPPLEMENTARY... account political, military, economic, human rights and arms control considerations. More...

  3. Military specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynolds, Philip

    1987-01-01

    The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

  4. Socially sanctioned coercion mechanisms for addiction treatment.

    PubMed

    Nace, Edgar P; Birkmayer, Florian; Sullivan, Maria A; Galanter, Marc; Fromson, John A; Frances, Richard J; Levin, Frances R; Lewis, Collins; Suchinsky, Richard T; Tamerin, John S; Westermeyer, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    Coercion as a strategy for treatment of addiction is an effective but often negatively perceived approach. The authors review current policies for involuntary commitments and explore coercive dimensions of treating alcohol and drug dependence in the workplace, sports, and through professional licensure. Gender-specific issues in coercion are considered, including evidence for improved treatment retention among pregnant and parenting women coerced via the criminal justice system. Social security disability benefits represent an area where an opportunity for constructive coercion was missed in the treatment of primary or comorbid substance use disorders. The availability of third-party funding for the voluntary treatment of individuals with substance use disorders has decreased. This unmet need, coupled with the evidence for positive clinical outcomes, highlights the call for implementing socially sanctioned mechanisms of coercion.

  5. Economics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online-Offline, 1998

    1998-01-01

    This issue focuses on the theme of economics, and presents educational resources for teaching basics to children. Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videos, books, and additional resources, as well as activities which focus on economics are described. Includes short features on related topics, and the subtopics of trade, money and banking, and…

  6. Economics.

    PubMed

    Palley, Paul D; Parcero, Miriam E

    2016-10-01

    A review of literature in the calendar year 2015 dedicated to environmental policies and sustainable development, and economic policies. This review is divided into these sections: sustainable development, irrigation, ecosystems and water management, climate change and disaster risk management, economic growth, water supply policies, water consumption, water price regulation, and water price valuation.

  7. Economics.

    PubMed

    Palley, Paul D; Parcero, Miriam E

    2016-10-01

    A review of literature in the calendar year 2015 dedicated to environmental policies and sustainable development, and economic policies. This review is divided into these sections: sustainable development, irrigation, ecosystems and water management, climate change and disaster risk management, economic growth, water supply policies, water consumption, water price regulation, and water price valuation. PMID:27620113

  8. Radiation exposure of U.S. military individuals.

    PubMed

    Blake, Paul K; Komp, Gregory R

    2014-02-01

    The U.S. military consists of five armed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. It directly employs 1.4 million active duty military, 1.3 million National Guard and reserve military, and 700,000 civilian individuals. This paper describes the military guidance used to preserve and maintain the health of military personnel while they accomplish necessary and purposeful work in areas where they are exposed to radiation. It also discusses military exposure cohorts and associated radiogenic disease compensation programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Labor. With a few exceptions, the U.S. military has effectively employed ionizing radiation since it was first introduced during the Spanish-American War in 1898. The U.S military annually monitors 70,000 individuals for occupational radiation exposure: ~2% of its workforce. In recent years, the Departments of the Navy (including the Marine Corps), the Army, and the Air Force all have a low collective dose that remains close to 1 person-Sv annually. Only a few Coast Guard individuals are now routinely monitored for radiation exposure. As with the nuclear industry as a whole, the Naval Reactors program has a higher collective dose than the remainder of the U.S. military. The U.S. military maintains occupational radiation exposure records on over two million individuals from 1945 through the present. These records are controlled in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 but are available to affected individuals or their designees and other groups performing sanctioned epidemiology studies.Introduction of Radiation Exposure of U.S. Military Individuals (Video 2:19, http://links.lww.com/HP/A30).

  9. Radiation exposure of U.S. military individuals.

    PubMed

    Blake, Paul K; Komp, Gregory R

    2014-02-01

    The U.S. military consists of five armed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. It directly employs 1.4 million active duty military, 1.3 million National Guard and reserve military, and 700,000 civilian individuals. This paper describes the military guidance used to preserve and maintain the health of military personnel while they accomplish necessary and purposeful work in areas where they are exposed to radiation. It also discusses military exposure cohorts and associated radiogenic disease compensation programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Labor. With a few exceptions, the U.S. military has effectively employed ionizing radiation since it was first introduced during the Spanish-American War in 1898. The U.S military annually monitors 70,000 individuals for occupational radiation exposure: ~2% of its workforce. In recent years, the Departments of the Navy (including the Marine Corps), the Army, and the Air Force all have a low collective dose that remains close to 1 person-Sv annually. Only a few Coast Guard individuals are now routinely monitored for radiation exposure. As with the nuclear industry as a whole, the Naval Reactors program has a higher collective dose than the remainder of the U.S. military. The U.S. military maintains occupational radiation exposure records on over two million individuals from 1945 through the present. These records are controlled in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 but are available to affected individuals or their designees and other groups performing sanctioned epidemiology studies.Introduction of Radiation Exposure of U.S. Military Individuals (Video 2:19, http://links.lww.com/HP/A30). PMID:24378502

  10. Economics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, L. D.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a literature review of the economic aspects of water pollution control covering publications of 1976-77. This review also includes the policy issues of water management. A list of 77 references is presented. (HM)

  11. The Timing and Accumulation of Judicial Sanctions among Drug Court Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McRee, Nick; Drapela, Laurie A.

    2012-01-01

    Judicial sanctions are used by drug courts to encourage clients to comply with program requirements. However, few studies have explored the application of sanctions in drug courts or the relationship between sanctions and drug court graduation. This article reports the results of a study of sanctions as applied in a drug court in southwest…

  12. 42 CFR 438.730 - Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs 438.730... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.730 Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs (a) Basis for sanction. (1) A State agency may recommend that CMS impose the denial...

  13. 50 CFR 216.40 - Penalties and permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... sanctions and forfeiture as authorized under the Acts, and 15 CFR part 904. (b) All special exception... of subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF...

  14. 50 CFR 216.40 - Penalties and permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... sanctions and forfeiture as authorized under the Acts, and 15 CFR part 904. (b) All special exception... of subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF...

  15. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... furtherance thereof, shall be punishable as provided in section 14.17 of the Compact. (b) General Counsel of... to such penal sanctions as may be imposed pursuant to this section, any violation of this...

  16. Impacts of international sanctions on Iranian pharmaceutical market.

    PubMed

    Cheraghali, Abdol Majid

    2013-01-01

    Iran in recent decade faced several regional and international sanctions in foreign trade, financial and banking services. Iran national pharmaceutical industry has always played a major role in providing medicines to the Iranian patients. However, following the sanctions it has faced profound difficulties for importing of both finished products and pharmaceutical raw materials. Although medicines are exempted from sanctions, due to restriction on money transaction and proper insurance Iranian pharmaceutical companies have to pay cash in advance for imports of medicines and raw materials or to secure offshore funds at very high risks. Current situation in Iran pharmaceutical market confirms that the sanctions against Iran are affecting ordinary citizens and national health sector which resulted to reduction of availability of lifesaving medicines in the local market and has caused increasing pain and suffering for Iranian patients. PMID:23902642

  17. 7 CFR 281.6 - Liabilities and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION OF SNAP ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS § 281.6 Liabilities and sanctions. An ITO administering SNAP on a reservation is subject to the same liabilities...

  18. 50 CFR 660.341 - Limited entry permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... under this subpart are subject to sanctions pursuant to the Magnuson Act at 16 U.S.C. 1858(g) and 15 CFR... ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES OFF WEST COAST STATES West...

  19. 42 CFR 488.320 - Sanctions for inadequate survey performance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... procedures specified in 45 CFR part 16. ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions for inadequate survey performance. 488... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT...

  20. 28 CFR 115.278 - Disciplinary sanctions for residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... histories. (c) The disciplinary process shall consider whether a resident's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to his or her behavior when determining what type of sanction, if any, should be... coerced. Medical and Mental Care...

  1. 28 CFR 115.278 - Disciplinary sanctions for residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... histories. (c) The disciplinary process shall consider whether a resident's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to his or her behavior when determining what type of sanction, if any, should be... coerced. Medical and Mental Care...

  2. 28 CFR 115.278 - Disciplinary sanctions for residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... histories. (c) The disciplinary process shall consider whether a resident's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to his or her behavior when determining what type of sanction, if any, should be... coerced. Medical and Mental Care...

  3. Sanctioning Behavior in Negro and In White Populations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Frank W.; Shaw, Marvin E.

    1970-01-01

    The present study extended the analysis of the role of cultural determinants" of the assignment of sanctions as a function of levels of causality, outcome quality and intensity, and cultural background in several age groups. (DB)

  4. Culturally sanctioned suicide: Euthanasia, seppuku, and terrorist martyrdom

    PubMed Central

    Pierre, Joseph M

    2015-01-01

    Suicide is one of the greatest concerns in psychiatric practice, with considerable efforts devoted to prevention. The psychiatric view of suicide tends to equate it with depression or other forms of mental illness. However, some forms of suicide occur independently of mental illness and within a framework of cultural sanctioning such that they aren’t regarded as suicide at all. Despite persistent taboos against suicide, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the context of terminal illness is increasingly accepted as a way to preserve autonomy and dignity in the West. Seppuku, the ancient samurai ritual of suicide by self-stabbing, was long considered an honorable act of self-resolve such that despite the removal of cultural sanctioning, the rate of suicide in Japan remains high with suicide masquerading as seppuku still carried out both there and abroad. Suicide as an act of murder and terrorism is a practice currently popular with Islamic militants who regard it as martyrdom in the context of war. The absence of mental illness and the presence of cultural sanctioning do not mean that suicide should not be prevented. Culturally sanctioned suicide must be understood in terms of the specific motivations that underlie the choice of death over life. Efforts to prevent culturally sanctioned suicide must focus on alternatives to achieve similar ends and must ultimately be implemented within cultures to remove the sanctioning of self-destructive acts. PMID:25815251

  5. Centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority promote cooperation in humans

    PubMed Central

    Baldassarri, Delia; Grossman, Guy

    2011-01-01

    Social sanctioning is widely considered a successful strategy to promote cooperation among humans. In situations in which individual and collective interests are at odds, incentives to free-ride induce individuals to refrain from contributing to public goods provision. Experimental evidence from public goods games shows that when endowed with sanctioning powers, conditional cooperators can discipline defectors, thus leading to greater levels of cooperation. However, extant evidence is based on peer punishment institutions, whereas in complex societies, systems of control are often centralized: for instance, we do not sanction our neighbors for driving too fast, the police do. Here we show the effect of centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority on cooperation. We designed an adaptation of the public goods game in which sanctioning power is given to a single monitor, and we experimentally manipulated the process by which the monitor is chosen. To increase the external validity of the study, we conducted lab-in-the-field experiments involving 1,543 Ugandan farmers from 50 producer cooperatives. This research provides evidence of the effectiveness of centralized sanctioning and demonstrates the causal effect of legitimacy on cooperation: participants are more responsive to the authority of an elected monitor than a randomly chosen monitor. Our essay contributes to the literature on the evolution of cooperation by introducing the idea of role differentiation. In complex societies, cooperative behavior is not only sustained by mechanisms of selection and reciprocity among peers, but also by the legitimacy that certain actors derive from their position in the social hierarchy. PMID:21690401

  6. Culturally sanctioned suicide: Euthanasia, seppuku, and terrorist martyrdom.

    PubMed

    Pierre, Joseph M

    2015-03-22

    Suicide is one of the greatest concerns in psychiatric practice, with considerable efforts devoted to prevention. The psychiatric view of suicide tends to equate it with depression or other forms of mental illness. However, some forms of suicide occur independently of mental illness and within a framework of cultural sanctioning such that they aren't regarded as suicide at all. Despite persistent taboos against suicide, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the context of terminal illness is increasingly accepted as a way to preserve autonomy and dignity in the West. Seppuku, the ancient samurai ritual of suicide by self-stabbing, was long considered an honorable act of self-resolve such that despite the removal of cultural sanctioning, the rate of suicide in Japan remains high with suicide masquerading as seppuku still carried out both there and abroad. Suicide as an act of murder and terrorism is a practice currently popular with Islamic militants who regard it as martyrdom in the context of war. The absence of mental illness and the presence of cultural sanctioning do not mean that suicide should not be prevented. Culturally sanctioned suicide must be understood in terms of the specific motivations that underlie the choice of death over life. Efforts to prevent culturally sanctioned suicide must focus on alternatives to achieve similar ends and must ultimately be implemented within cultures to remove the sanctioning of self-destructive acts.

  7. Centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority promote cooperation in humans.

    PubMed

    Baldassarri, Delia; Grossman, Guy

    2011-07-01

    Social sanctioning is widely considered a successful strategy to promote cooperation among humans. In situations in which individual and collective interests are at odds, incentives to free-ride induce individuals to refrain from contributing to public goods provision. Experimental evidence from public goods games shows that when endowed with sanctioning powers, conditional cooperators can discipline defectors, thus leading to greater levels of cooperation. However, extant evidence is based on peer punishment institutions, whereas in complex societies, systems of control are often centralized: for instance, we do not sanction our neighbors for driving too fast, the police do. Here we show the effect of centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority on cooperation. We designed an adaptation of the public goods game in which sanctioning power is given to a single monitor, and we experimentally manipulated the process by which the monitor is chosen. To increase the external validity of the study, we conducted lab-in-the-field experiments involving 1,543 Ugandan farmers from 50 producer cooperatives. This research provides evidence of the effectiveness of centralized sanctioning and demonstrates the causal effect of legitimacy on cooperation: participants are more responsive to the authority of an elected monitor than a randomly chosen monitor. Our essay contributes to the literature on the evolution of cooperation by introducing the idea of role differentiation. In complex societies, cooperative behavior is not only sustained by mechanisms of selection and reciprocity among peers, but also by the legitimacy that certain actors derive from their position in the social hierarchy.

  8. Culturally sanctioned suicide: Euthanasia, seppuku, and terrorist martyrdom.

    PubMed

    Pierre, Joseph M

    2015-03-22

    Suicide is one of the greatest concerns in psychiatric practice, with considerable efforts devoted to prevention. The psychiatric view of suicide tends to equate it with depression or other forms of mental illness. However, some forms of suicide occur independently of mental illness and within a framework of cultural sanctioning such that they aren't regarded as suicide at all. Despite persistent taboos against suicide, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the context of terminal illness is increasingly accepted as a way to preserve autonomy and dignity in the West. Seppuku, the ancient samurai ritual of suicide by self-stabbing, was long considered an honorable act of self-resolve such that despite the removal of cultural sanctioning, the rate of suicide in Japan remains high with suicide masquerading as seppuku still carried out both there and abroad. Suicide as an act of murder and terrorism is a practice currently popular with Islamic militants who regard it as martyrdom in the context of war. The absence of mental illness and the presence of cultural sanctioning do not mean that suicide should not be prevented. Culturally sanctioned suicide must be understood in terms of the specific motivations that underlie the choice of death over life. Efforts to prevent culturally sanctioned suicide must focus on alternatives to achieve similar ends and must ultimately be implemented within cultures to remove the sanctioning of self-destructive acts. PMID:25815251

  9. The military and the transition to adulthood.

    PubMed

    Kelty, Ryan; Kleykamp, Meredith; Segal, David R

    2010-01-01

    Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects youths' approach to adult responsibilities. The authors note that today's all-volunteer military is both career-oriented and family-oriented, and they show how the material and social support the military provides to young servicemen and women promotes responsible membership in family relationships and the wider community. As a result, they argue, the transition to adulthood, including economic independence from parents, is more stable and orderly for military personnel than for their civilian peers. At the same time, they stress that serving in the military in a time of war holds dangers for young adults. The authors examine four broad areas of military service, focusing in each on how men and women in uniform today make the transition to adulthood. They begin by looking at the social characteristics of those who serve, especially at differences in access to the military and its benefits by socio-demographic characteristics, such as age, gender, race and ethnicity, social class, and sexual orientation. Military service also has important effects on family formation, including the timing of marriage and parenthood, family structure, and the influence of military culture on families. Family formation among servicemen and women, the authors observe, is earlier and more stable than among civilians of the same age. The authors then consider the educational and employment consequences of service. Finally, they scrutinize the dangers of military service during times of war and examine the physical and psychological effects of wartime military service. They also note the sexual trauma endured both by male and female military

  10. 31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.207 Section 576.207... ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION AND INSURGENCY SANCTIONS REGULATIONS... coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibitions in § 576.201(a)(1) and (a)(2) shall not apply to property...

  11. 31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.207 Section 576.207... ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION AND INSURGENCY SANCTIONS REGULATIONS... coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibitions in § 576.201(a)(1) and (a)(2) shall not apply to property...

  12. 31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.207 Section 576.207... ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION AND INSURGENCY SANCTIONS REGULATIONS... coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibitions in § 576.201(a)(1) and (a)(2) shall not apply to property...

  13. 31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.207 Section 576.207... ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION AND INSURGENCY SANCTIONS REGULATIONS... coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibitions in § 576.201(a)(1) and (a)(2) shall not apply to property...

  14. Selection for protection in an ant–plant mutualism: host sanctions, host modularity, and the principal–agent game

    PubMed Central

    Edwards, David P; Hassall, Mark; Sutherland, William J; Yu, Douglas W

    2005-01-01

    Retaliation against cheaters can prevent the breakdown of cooperation. Here we ask whether the ant–plant Cordia nodosa is able to apply retaliatory sanctions against its ant symbiont Allomerus octoarticulatus, which patrols new shoots to prevent herbivory. We test the hypothesis that the modular design of C. nodosa physiologically ties the growth of housing (stem swellings known as domatia) to the successful development of the attached leaves. We experimentally simulated herbivory by cutting leaves from patrolled shoots and found that the domatia on such ‘cheated’ shoots suffered higher mortality and lower growth than did controls, evidence for a host sanction. On the other hand, patrolling is costly to the ant, and experiment shows that non-patrollers run a low risk of being sanctioned because most leaves (and the attached domatia) escape heavy herbivory even when patrollers are absent. This suggests that cheaters might enjoy a higher fitness than do mutualists, despite sanctions, but we find that patrolling provides a net fecundity benefit when the colony and plant exceed a minimum size, which requires sustained ant investment in patrolling. These results map directly onto the principal–agent (P–A) game from economics, which we suggest can be used as a framework for studying stability in mutualisms, where high sampling costs and cheating do not allow market effects to select for mutual benefits. PMID:16537131

  15. Selection for protection in an ant-plant mutualism: host sanctions, host modularity, and the principal-agent game.

    PubMed

    Edwards, David P; Hassall, Mark; Sutherland, William J; Yu, Douglas W

    2006-03-01

    Retaliation against cheaters can prevent the breakdown of cooperation. Here we ask whether the ant-plant Cordia nodosa is able to apply retaliatory sanctions against its ant symbiont Allomerus octoarticulatus, which patrols new shoots to prevent herbivory. We test the hypothesis that the modular design of C. nodosa physiologically ties the growth of housing (stem swellings known as domatia) to the successful development of the attached leaves. We experimentally simulated herbivory by cutting leaves from patrolled shoots and found that the domatia on such 'cheated' shoots suffered higher mortality and lower growth than did controls, evidence for a host sanction. On the other hand, patrolling is costly to the ant, and experiment shows that non-patrollers run a low risk of being sanctioned because most leaves (and the attached domatia) escape heavy herbivory even when patrollers are absent. This suggests that cheaters might enjoy a higher fitness than do mutualists, despite sanctions, but we find that patrolling provides a net fecundity benefit when the colony and plant exceed a minimum size, which requires sustained ant investment in patrolling. These results map directly onto the principal-agent (P-A) game from economics, which we suggest can be used as a framework for studying stability in mutualisms, where high sampling costs and cheating do not allow market effects to select for mutual benefits.

  16. British military forensic psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Turner, Mark A; Neal, Leigh A

    2004-04-01

    Military psychiatry has recently generated a lot of interest. In contrast there is virtually no literature on military forensic psychiatry. The first section of the paper is a brief review of British military psychiatric services and recent data on the prevalence of mental illness in British armed forces personnel. The second section summarizes the relevant aspects of the British military judicial and penal systems including the practice of summary justice, the court martial system, and sentencing and corrective training. The third section of the paper addresses issues which are particular to forensic psychiatry, including mental defences in relation to the military, the military offences of malingering and impersonation, risk assessment in military contexts and the notion of 'temperamental unsuitability' to military service. PMID:15176622

  17. Military Education in Brazil

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haussman, Fay

    1974-01-01

    A large share of the credit for Brazil's recent progress must go to Brazil's highly structured military education, including the colegios militares (high schools), the military colleges, and the general staff schools. (Author/PG)

  18. National Military Family Association

    MedlinePlus

    ... EFMP + Special Needs Health Care Leaving the Military Marriage + Divorce Survivors Wounded + Caregivers Spouses + Scholarships NMFA Scholarships ... EFMP + Special Needs Health Care Leaving the Military Marriage + Divorce Survivors Wounded + Caregivers Spouses + Scholarships NMFA Scholarships ...

  19. 3 CFR 13574 - Executive Order 13574 of May 23, 2011. Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended 13574... Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended By... National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172)...

  20. When god sanctions killing: effect of scriptural violence on aggression.

    PubMed

    Bushman, Brad J; Ridge, Robert D; Das, Enny; Key, Colin W; Busath, Gregory L

    2007-03-01

    Violent people often claim that God sanctions their actions. In two studies, participants read a violent passage said to come from either the Bible or an ancient scroll. For half the participants, the passage said that God sanctioned the violence. Next, participants competed with an ostensible partner on a task in which the winner could blast the loser with loud noise through headphones (the aggression measure). Study 1 involved Brigham Young University students; 99% believed in God and in the Bible. Study 2 involved Vrije Universiteit-Amsterdam students; 50% believed in God, and 27% believed in the Bible. In Study 1, aggression increased when the passage was from the Bible or mentioned God. In Study 2, aggression increased when the passage mentioned God, especially among participants who believed in God and in the Bible. These results suggest that scriptural violence sanctioned by God can increase aggression, especially in believers.

  1. Canadian military space activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hodgson, Geoffrey W.

    This paper outlines the Department of National Defence (DND) of Canada policy on the military use of space and discusses DND space systems. The NAVSTAR global positioning system will be the standard for future navigation systems. Canada is one of four founding nations of the international COSPAS/SARSAT satellite assisted search and rescue system. Three new earth stations will provide complete coverage of Canadian synthetic aperture radar (SAR) territory. In addition, funds have been committed for research and development of space based surveillance radar technology. The Canadian Forces Weather Service will receive digitalized satellite imagery and weather charts as part of the planned Meteorological Satellite Information System (METSIS). METSIS will provide weather information through Anik D satellite broadcast. A three phased approach is planned to satisfy satellite communications requirements. Leased point to point communications have been established for some locations. Mobile terminals are being developed and are being used to test technologies and operating techniques. Phase two will be the acquisition of a mix of fixed and mobile terminals to use existing commercial and military space bands. Encryption capabilities and antijamming technologies are being developed. Phase three calls for launching of several nongeostationary satellites to provide continuous coverage to the areas in the high Arctic which are below the horizon for geostationary satellites. DND policy can be summarized as follows: (1) the DND will enhance defence commitments by using space technology where appropriate and cost effective; (2) it will enhance the peaceful use of space; and (3) DND will use space programs to contribute to the Canadian economic and defence production base.

  2. 42 CFR 438.710 - Due process: Notice of sanction and pre-termination hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.710 Due... nature of the sanction. (2) Any other due process protections that the State elects to provide. (b)...

  3. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  4. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  5. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  6. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  7. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  8. 28 CFR 115.276 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.276 Section 115.276 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Discipline § 115.276...

  9. 28 CFR 115.276 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.276 Section 115.276 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Discipline § 115.276...

  10. 28 CFR 115.276 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.276 Section 115.276 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Discipline § 115.276...

  11. Rethinking mutualism stability: cheaters and the evolution of sanctions.

    PubMed

    Frederickson, Megan E

    2013-12-01

    How cooperation originates and persists in diverse species, from bacteria to multicellular organisms to human societies, is a major question in evolutionary biology. A large literature asks: what prevents selection for cheating within cooperative lineages? In mutualisms, or cooperative interactions between species, feedback between partners often aligns their fitness interests, such that cooperative symbionts receive more benefits from their hosts than uncooperative symbionts. But how do these feedbacks evolve? Cheaters might invade symbiont populations and select for hosts that preferentially reward or associate with cooperators (often termed sanctions or partner choice); hosts might adapt to variation in symbiont quality that does not amount to cheating (e.g., environmental variation); or conditional host responses might exist before cheaters do, making mutualisms stable from the outset. I review evidence from yucca-yucca moth, fig-fig wasp, and legume-rhizobium mutualisms, which are commonly cited as mutualisms stabilized by sanctions. Based on the empirical evidence, it is doubtful that cheaters select for host sanctions in these systems; cheaters are too uncommon. Recognizing that sanctions likely evolved for functions other than retaliation against cheaters offers many insights about mutualism coevolution, and about why mutualism evolves in only some lineages of potential hosts.

  12. 12 CFR 336.8 - Sanctions and remedial actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions and remedial actions. 336.8 Section 336.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY FDIC EMPLOYEES Minimum Standards of Fitness for Employment With the Federal Deposit...

  13. 12 CFR 336.8 - Sanctions and remedial actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions and remedial actions. 336.8 Section 336.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY FDIC EMPLOYEES Minimum Standards of Fitness for Employment With the Federal Deposit...

  14. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  15. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  16. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  17. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  18. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  19. 42 CFR 403.820 - Sanctions, penalties, and termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... requirements of the program, CMS may impose civil monetary penalties in accordance with 42 CFR parts 1003 and... sponsor's cost structure (including material changes to any discounts, rebates, or other price concessions... basis for imposing the sanction has been corrected and is not likely to recur. (b) Civil...

  20. 42 CFR 403.820 - Sanctions, penalties, and termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... requirements of the program, CMS may impose civil monetary penalties in accordance with 42 CFR parts 1003 and... sponsor's cost structure (including material changes to any discounts, rebates, or other price concessions... basis for imposing the sanction has been corrected and is not likely to recur. (b) Civil...

  1. 40 CFR 70.10 - Federal oversight and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Federal oversight and sanctions. 70.10 Section 70.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... failure to issue permits; (B) Repeated issuance of permits that do not conform to the requirements of...

  2. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Program Award funds for Qualified Activities. (b) Sanctions. In the event of any fraud, misrepresentation... Financial Institutions Program, the Fund may, in its sole discretion, reject an application for or...

  3. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  4. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  5. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  6. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  7. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  8. Cohort Default Rates: Predicting the Probability of Federal Sanctions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Nicholas W.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the institutional factors associated with student loan default. When a college has more than 30% of its students default on their loans, then the institution faces federal sanctions that could make them ineligible from participating in the federal student loan program. Using Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System…

  9. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  10. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  11. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  12. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  13. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  14. 5 CFR 950.605 - Sanctions compliance certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PRIVATE VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS Miscellaneous Provisions § 950.605 Sanctions compliance certification. Each federation, federation member and unaffiliated organization applying for participation in the CFC... the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). Should any change...

  15. 24 CFR 200.1500 - Sanctions against a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of 2 CFR part 2424 to participants in loan transactions other than FHA-insured lenders. The Mortgagee Review Board procedures are found at 24 CFR part 25. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions against a MAP lender....

  16. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Program Award funds for Qualified Activities. (b) Sanctions. In the event of any fraud, misrepresentation... Financial Institutions Program, the Fund may, in its sole discretion, reject an application for or...

  17. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Program Award funds for Qualified Activities. (b) Sanctions. In the event of any fraud, misrepresentation... Financial Institutions Program, the Fund may, in its sole discretion, reject an application for or...

  18. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Program Award funds for Qualified Activities. (b) Sanctions. In the event of any fraud, misrepresentation... Financial Institutions Program, the Fund may, in its sole discretion, reject an application for or...

  19. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  20. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  1. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  2. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  3. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  4. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  5. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  6. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  7. Disciplinary versus Academic Sanctions in Higher Education: A Doomed Dichotomy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dutile, Fernand N.

    2003-01-01

    Explains that courts have generally subjected disciplinary action to procedural due process under the Fourteenth Amendment, while academic sanctions have garnered greater deference. Examines the judicial history of this dual track, establishes the difficulty of characterizing as either disciplinary or academic the countless situations reflecting…

  8. 12 CFR 308.135 - Grounds for imposition of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grounds for imposition of sanctions. 308.135 Section 308.135 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE... Securities Dealers or Persons Associated With Them and Clearing Agencies or Transfer Agents § 308.135...

  9. 42 CFR 438.700 - Basis for imposition of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis for imposition of sanctions. 438.700 Section 438.700 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... among enrollees on the basis of their health status or need for health care services. This...

  10. 42 CFR 403.820 - Sanctions, penalties, and termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... in accordance with 42 CFR parts 1003 and 1005 in addition to, or in place of, sanctions that CMS may... requirements of the program, CMS may impose civil monetary penalties in accordance with 42 CFR parts 1003 and... to comply with HIPAA and/or the standards, implementation specifications, and requirements in 45...

  11. 41 CFR 60-741.66 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions and penalties. 60-741.66 Section 60-741.66 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... REGARDING INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES General Enforcement and Complaint Procedures § 60-741.66...

  12. 12 CFR 1805.802 - Assistance Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Assistance Agreement; sanctions. 1805.802 Section 1805.802 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... institution by that agency; (3) Proposes a comparable alternative action; and (4) Specifically explains:...

  13. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... item or service furnished, ordered, or prescribed under a separate child health program to any provider... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sanctions and related penalties. 457.935...

  14. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... item or service furnished, ordered, or prescribed under a separate child health program to any provider... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Sanctions and related penalties. 457.935...

  15. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... item or service furnished, ordered, or prescribed under a separate child health program to any provider... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions and related penalties. 457.935...

  16. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  17. 29 CFR 502.16 - Sanctions and remedies-General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... covered provisions of the work contract as set forth in 29 CFR 501.10(a); the assessment of a civil money... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT (SUSPENDED 6-29-2009) Enforcement of Work Contracts § 502.16 Sanctions...

  18. Military Drill in the Service of American Hegemony over Hawaii

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beyer, C. Kalani

    2009-01-01

    Recently, there has been an interest in investigating who have historically served in the American military, particularly during periods of war. These studies report that men from lower socio-economic groups tend to be over represented in military service, especially after voluntary service replaced the draft during the 1970s. Much work remains to…

  19. 42 CFR 422.752 - Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... money penalties. 422.752 Section 422.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Sanctions § 422.752 Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) All... sanctions at 422.750(a)(1) and (a)(3). (c) Civil Money Penalties. (1) CMS. In addition to, or in place...

  20. 15 CFR 904.301 - Bases for permit sanctions or denials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Bases for permit sanctions or denials... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.301 Bases for permit sanctions or denials. (a) Unless... under this subpart with respect to any permit issued under the statutes cited in § 904.1(c). The...

  1. 15 CFR 904.301 - Bases for permit sanctions or denials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Bases for permit sanctions or denials... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.301 Bases for permit sanctions or denials. (a) Unless... under this subpart with respect to any permit issued under the statutes cited in § 904.1(c). The...

  2. 15 CFR 904.301 - Bases for permit sanctions or denials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bases for permit sanctions or denials... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.301 Bases for permit sanctions or denials. (a) Unless... under this subpart with respect to any permit issued under the statutes cited in § 904.1(c). The...

  3. 3 CFR - Delegation of Certain Functions and Authorities Under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 Presidential... Authorities Under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 Memorandum for... Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (CISADA) (Public Law 111-195))...

  4. What Deters Crime? Comparing the Effectiveness of Legal, Social, and Internal Sanctions Across Countries

    PubMed Central

    Mann, Heather; Garcia-Rada, Ximena; Hornuf, Lars; Tafurt, Juan

    2016-01-01

    The question of what deters crime is of both theoretical and practical interest. The present paper focuses on what factors deter minor, non-violent crimes, i.e., dishonest actions that violate the law. Much research has been devoted to testing the effectiveness of legal sanctions on crime, while newer models also include social sanctions (judgment of friends or family) and internal sanctions (feelings of guilt). Existing research suggests that both internal sanctions and, to a lesser extent, legal sanctions deter crime, but it is unclear whether this pattern is unique to Western countries or robust across cultures. We administered a survey study to participants in China, Colombia, Germany, Portugal, and USA, five countries from distinct cultural regions of the world. Participants were asked to report the likelihood of engaging in seven dishonest and illegal actions, and were asked to indicate the probability and severity of consequences for legal, friend, family, and internal sanctions. Results indicated that across countries, internal sanctions had the strongest deterrent effects on crime. The deterrent effects of legal sanctions were weaker and varied across countries. Furthermore, the deterrent effects of legal sanctions were strongest when internal sanctions were lax. Unexpectedly, social sanctions were positively related to likelihood of engaging in crime. Taken together, these results suggest that the relative strengths of legal and internal sanctions are robust across cultures and dishonest actions. PMID:26903898

  5. 42 CFR 460.40 - Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions. 460... for which CMS may impose sanctions. In addition to other remedies authorized by law, CMS may impose any of the sanctions specified in §§ 460.42 and 460.46 if CMS determines that a PACE...

  6. 42 CFR 460.40 - Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions. 460... for which CMS may impose sanctions. In addition to other remedies authorized by law, CMS may impose any of the sanctions specified in §§ 460.42 and 460.46 if CMS determines that a PACE...

  7. 42 CFR 422.752 - Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... money penalties. 422.752 Section 422.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.752 Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) All... Money Penalties. (1) CMS. In addition to, or in place of, any intermediate sanctions, CMS may...

  8. 42 CFR 423.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a... Medicare beneficiaries by a Part D plan sponsor. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified...

  9. 42 CFR 422.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following... organization. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 422.760....

  10. Iraq challenges sanctions, offers 4.5 million b/d developable capacity

    SciTech Connect

    Stauffer, T.R.

    1995-04-10

    The prospective oil deals of the century were unveiled last month in Baghdad at the unlikely venue of the first international oil conference in Iraq in decades. In a dramatic twist Iraq detailed 33 oil fields that are now open for joint development with foreign partners. The productive capacity of the listed fields totals some 4.5 million b/d, and the underlying proved reserves exceed 50 billion bbl--equal to more than US and Canadian reserves combined. Reversing its prior compulsive secretiveness concerning oil affairs, the government cleared at the highest level the proposal to publicize the available resources and to offer corroborative detail. ``Four and a half million b/d is an awful lot of oil,`` noted one foreign oilman who was loath to be quoted because his company feared possible reprisals in the US. The economic bait was both clear and enticing. Iraq chose the public forum to signal to the world the gains that could accrue to the first countries that break with the US over continuing the sanctions. The paper discusses the political impacts, the substantial offerings, exploitation costs, and bypassing sanctions.

  11. Sanctions and recidivism: an evaluation of physician discipline by state medical boards.

    PubMed

    Grant, Darren; Alfred, Kelly C

    2007-10-01

    This article descriptively assesses how physicians are disciplined by state medical boards throughout the United States, drawing on a nationwide database of sanctions delivered during the period 1994-2002. We identify the frequency and severity of disciplinary actions, the offenses leading to actions, and the degree to which sanctioned physicians are subsequently sanctioned again in the future. The most significant finding is that there are a very large number of repeat offenders among physicians who have received board sanctions, indicating a possible need for greater monitoring of disciplined physicians or less reliance upon rehabilitative sanctions.

  12. Sanctions and recidivism: an evaluation of physician discipline by state medical boards.

    PubMed

    Grant, Darren; Alfred, Kelly C

    2007-10-01

    This article descriptively assesses how physicians are disciplined by state medical boards throughout the United States, drawing on a nationwide database of sanctions delivered during the period 1994-2002. We identify the frequency and severity of disciplinary actions, the offenses leading to actions, and the degree to which sanctioned physicians are subsequently sanctioned again in the future. The most significant finding is that there are a very large number of repeat offenders among physicians who have received board sanctions, indicating a possible need for greater monitoring of disciplined physicians or less reliance upon rehabilitative sanctions. PMID:17855720

  13. Early Childhood Military Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelo, Ann

    2011-01-01

    Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

  14. Advising Transfer Military Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Today's students can come from a larger area than just high school. With the entire world's conflicts and today's society, more and more of our present day students may have come from the military ranks. Though we have not come to an actual draft system, more and more modern day students have served their time in the military, to keep America…

  15. Tuberculosis and the military.

    PubMed

    O'Shea, Matthew K; Wilson, D

    2013-09-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) causes significant morbidity and mortality among the global civilian population. Historically, TB has also been responsible for a considerable burden of disease among military populations during periods of both peace and conflict. TB will continue to be of importance to the military for several reasons. Military units live and work in confined environments, personnel may deploy to areas highly endemic for TB where there is the potential to be exposed to infected local communities, and they undertake physiologically stressful activities during training and operations. These are just a few of the factors that may increase the risk of acquiring, developing and transmitting TB among military personnel. This review examines the military relevance of TB in the modern era within the context of epidemiological, pathological and clinical considerations of this ancient disease.

  16. Regulatory Organizations for Physicians’ Status and Administrative Sanctions on Physicians

    PubMed Central

    MORIOKA, Yasuhiko; HIGUCHI, Norio; KUROYANAGI, Tatsuo; NUDESHIMA, Jiro

    2014-01-01

    Society bestows professional privilege on physicians. At the same time, it expects physicians to strive constantly to improve their ethics and quality in medical expertise. In every nation, some level of government is responsible for certifying or licensing physicians and imposes strict management, including revoking licenses from inappropriate physicians or providing severe sanctions for misconduct or conduct unbecoming of a physician. In reality, however, it is difficult to reduce the number of inappropriate or indiscreet physicians, and each nation faces its own challenges. We conducted a questionnaire survey of 13 national medical associations, including some major Western countries, regarding the licensing of physicians, the organizations managing their medical practice status, and the data and grounds for administrative sanctioning of physicians. We then examined the circumstances in Japan based on the survey results and pointed out the domestic issues. PMID:25784827

  17. Case Study of a California High School under Academic Sanctions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beam, Eric Adam

    2008-01-01

    This study is a mixed-methods case study of Antelope Valley High School (AVHS). AVHS was one of the first six schools in California to receive academic sanctions since the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. It was also the first high school to receive a State Trustee who was embedded at the school every day for two school years. AVHS…

  18. Sanctioned social violence: a psychoanalytic view. Part II.

    PubMed

    Kernberg, Otto F

    2003-08-01

    This paper is the second in a series of two papers. In Part I, the first paper, the author reviewed the influence on the development of socially sanctioned violence of psychodynamics of group psychology and mass psychology, the regressive pull of ideologies, personality features of social and political leadership, and historical trauma and social crises. In this Part II, the author explores, from a psychoanalytic perspective, the dehumanization processes related to fundamentalist ideologies and terrorism.

  19. 2nd Circuit vacates sanction against plantiff's attorney.

    PubMed

    1999-07-23

    The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals vacated sanctions against attorney Lee Nuwesra whose client claimed HIV discrimination. The court ruled that U.S. District Judge Constance Baker Motley abused her judicial discretion in ruling that Nuwesra must pay $25,000 of legal costs spent by the client's employer in defending itself against litigation that the judge found frivolous. The appeals panel faulted the judge for not specifying which conduct on the part of the attorney was actionable. Plaintiff [name removed] claimed that his firing from [name removed] & [name removed], Inc., was motivated by his HIV illness and that his rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act were violated. [Name removed] failed to establish that his employer knew his HIV status. Motley sanctioned Nuwesra for not performing adequate pre-trial investigation in the case. According to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure judges can only sanction attorneys at the request of the opposing side, which was not made by the defendants in this case.

  20. The military insanity defense.

    PubMed

    Lande, R G

    1991-01-01

    This article describes the military insanity defense. The success of the litigated insanity defense is explored through the number of insanity acquittals over a 28-month period. A questionnaire distributed to all United States Army psychiatrists provided information on the number of forensic evaluations performed, the number of not criminally responsible (NCR) opinions made, and the disposition of noncontested NCR opinions. The questionnaire also tested the Army psychiatrists' knowledge about recent changes in the military insanity defense. This pilot study raises interesting questions about the military insanity defense that further research can address.

  1. A multi-site study of the use of sanctions and incentives in mental health courts.

    PubMed

    Callahan, Lisa; Steadman, Henry J; Tillman, Sheila; Vesselinov, Roumen

    2013-02-01

    Mental health courts (MHCs) have become widespread in the United States as a form of diversion for justice-involved individuals with mental illness. Sanctions and incentives are considered crucial to the functioning of MHCs and drug courts, yet with little empirical guidance to support or refute their use, and there are no definitions of what they are. The use of sanctions and to a lesser degree incentives is the focus of this article, with particular emphasis on jail sanctions. Subjects are participants (n = 447) in four MHCs across the United States. Results show that jail sanctions are used in three of four MHCs, and other sanctions are similarly used across the four MHCs. Participants charged with "person crimes" are the least likely to receive any sanctions, including jail, whereas those charged with drug offenses are most often sanctioned. The factors associated with receiving a jail sanction are recent drug use, substance use diagnosis, and drug arrests; being viewed as less compliant with court conditions, receiving more bench warrants, and having more in-custody hearings; and MHC program termination. No personal characteristics are related to receiving sanctions. Knowing which MHC participants are more likely to follow court orders and avoid sanctions, and identifying those who have difficulty adhering to court conditions, can help guide court officials on adjusting supervision, perhaps avoiding reoffending and program failure.

  2. Families in the Military

    MedlinePlus

    ... have led to deployment of large numbers of military personnel (active duty, Reserves, National Guard). As a result ... worries and plans for the future. Let your child know that the family member is making a ...

  3. Music in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Amanda

    1981-01-01

    Following a very brief history of military bands, the author describes the musical performance opportunities currently available in the United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard, for young musicians who may wish to enlist. (SJL)

  4. Vaccines for military use.

    PubMed

    Artenstein, Andrew W

    2009-11-01

    Vaccines have long been used by military forces in order to prevent communicable diseases and thereby preserve the fighting force. A tradition that began with the mass vaccination of the Continental Army against smallpox during the War of the American Revolution in the late 18th century continues today with routine and deployment-based vaccination of military forces against potential pathogens of nature and biological weapon threats. As their role has expanded in recent years to include humanitarian and peacekeeping missions, the military's use of vaccines against infectious diseases has concomitantly broadened to include civilian populations worldwide. The emergence of new threats and the recognition of additional global challenges will continue to compel the development and promotion of vaccines to combat infectious diseases of military significance. PMID:19837279

  5. Radiometry in military applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chrzanowski, Krzysztof

    2001-08-01

    Missiles guided using optoelectronic methods, optoelectronic imaging systems (thermal imaging systems, night vision devices, LLLTV cameras, TV cameras), and optoelectronic countermeasures (smoke screens, camouflage paints and nets, IR flares, decoys, jamming systems, warning systems) are one of the most important components of modern military armament. There are numerous military standards, some of them secret, that precise radiometric parameters to be measured and the testing methods to be used. There is also much literature on the subject of testing of the systems mentioned above, although mostly on subject of testing of the thermal imaging systems. In spite of this apparently numerous literature, there still significant confusion in this area due to secrecy of some parameters and testing methods, differences in recommendations of different military standards, fast progress in military optoelectronics, and also due to enormous number of different types of optoelectronics systems used in the military armament. A review of testing methods of the three basic groups of optoelectronics systems used in modern military armament: the missiles guided using optoelectronics methods, the optoelectronic imaging systems, and the optoelectronic countermeasures is presented in this paper. Trends in the measuring sets.

  6. Military Careers: A Guide to Military Occupations and Selected Military Career Paths, 1992-1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

    This book was developed to help educators and youth learn about career opportunities in the military. It is a compendium of military occupational, training, and career information and is designed for use by students interested in the military. The first section, military occupations, contains descriptions of 197 enlisted and officer occupations.…

  7. Economics and Markets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graham, Alan K.

    Economic matters are often entangled with interventions. Aid agencies need to understand where they can have the highest leverage, and where aid may cause harmful economic distortions. Humanitarian interventions in crises will be more effective if the economic and social root causes of the crisis are addressed as well. The root causes of insurgencies often include economic issues, particularly economic discrimination. Planners for military operations in a country need to know the economic side effects of military activities, including the effects of withdrawal. Government agencies trying to bring developed-nation investors into a developing country must understand, along with the potential investors, what the economic prospects of the economy are, and how safe an investment is (or is not). Economic modeling and analysis can assist in each of these cases.

  8. Aerospace and military

    SciTech Connect

    Adam, J.A.; Esch, K

    1990-01-01

    This article reviews military and aerospace developments of 1989. The Voyager spacecraft returned astounding imagery from Neptune, sophisticated sensors were launched to explore Venus and Jupiter, and another craft went into earth orbit to explore cosmic rays, while a huge telescope is to be launched early in 1990. The U.S. space shuttle redesign was completed and access to space has become no longer purely a governmental enterprise. In the military realm, events within the Soviet bloc, such as the Berlin Wall's destruction, have popularized arms control. Several big treaties could be signed within the year. Massive troop, equipment, and budget reductions are being considered, along with a halt or delay of major new weapons systems. For new missions, the U.S. military is retreating to its role of a century ago - patrolling the nation's borders, this time against narcotics traffickers.

  9. Nuclear plants - military hostages

    SciTech Connect

    Ramberg, B.

    1986-03-01

    Recent events suggest that nuclear reactors could make tempting military or terrorist targets. Despite the care with which most reactors are built, studies document their vulnerability to willful destruction through disruption of coolant mechanisms both inside and outside the containment building. In addition to reactors, such nuclear support facilities as fuel fabrication, reprocessing, and waste storage installations may be attractive military targets. A nuclear bomb which exploded in the vicinity of a reactor could increase its lethal effects by one-third. The implications of this is vulnerability for Middle East stability as well as to other volatile regions. The author suggests several avenues for controlling the dangers: international law, military and civil defense, facility siting, increasing plant safety, and the international management of nuclear energy. 21 references.

  10. Healthcare under sanctions in Iraq: an elective experience.

    PubMed

    Akunjee, Muhammed; Ali, Asif

    2002-01-01

    As a consequence of the 1991 Gulf War and the ensuing UN sanctions, not only was the Iraqi government destroyed, but also the general infrastructure of the country was disrupted, with the civilian population and public services bearing much of the aftermath. Ten years after the war, the health system in Iraq is still in a perilous situation. The effects of sanctions have affected almost every aspect of medical care. There has been a mass exodus of health care professionals, many of whom were foreign nationals. Doctors' salaries fell rapidly to only $30 a month, barely enough to buy the necessities of daily living. Iraqi hospitals have no access to foreign journals, textbooks or the internet; leading to a generation of out-dated and under-skilled health professionals. Most worrying is the ever-present embargo on many essential medicines. Only one-third of the medicines are available for chemotherapy for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in children (UKALL 97 modified 99 protocol). At the Al-Mansour paediatric teaching hospital this shortfall has led to a substantial increase in childhood mortality, with disease-free survival rates falling to 25 per cent compared to 60 per cent in 1988. PMID:12201083

  11. The Soviet military presence in Eastern Europe: A new equilibrium

    SciTech Connect

    Zinner, P.E.

    1990-04-01

    The objective of this study is to analyze: (1) how the collapse of Communist regimes in Eastern Europe impacts on the Soviet military presence in this region and on Soviet security interests; (2) how political changes in Eastern Europe and Soviet troop reductions in this area affect the military forces and security interests of individual countries and the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO); and (3) how Soviet troop reductions reflect on political and economic relations between the countries affected by these reductions and the USSR. This study is one of a series of planned reports dealing with the causes and effects of a military force reductions in Europe.

  12. Substance Abuse in the Military

    MedlinePlus

    ... Although illicit drug use is lower among U.S. military personnel than among civilians, heavy alcohol and tobacco use, ... in identifying and treating substance use problems in military personnel, as does lack of confidentiality that deters many ...

  13. Economic Recovery vs. Defense Spending.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Grasse, Robert; Murphy, Paul

    1981-01-01

    Evaluates President Reagan's proposed military buildup in light of the cuts such expenditures would necessitate in approximately 300 domestic programs. Suggests that the dramatic proposed increase in military spending risks higher inflation and slower economic growth. Concludes with a plea for rethinking of Reagan's dramatic shift in national…

  14. 76 FR 58202 - TRICARE; TRICARE Sanction Authority for Third-Party Billing Agents

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 199 RIN 0720-AB49 TRICARE; TRICARE Sanction Authority for Third-Party... authority to sanction third-party billing agents by invoking the administrative remedy of exclusion or... on the part of third-party billing agents that prepare or submit claims presented to TRICARE...

  15. 42 CFR 422.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... § 422.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following intermediate... organization. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 422.760....

  16. 42 CFR 422.756 - Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... civil money penalties. 422.756 Section 422.756 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Sanctions § 422.756 Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) Notice of... money penalties—(1) CMS notice to OIG. If CMS determines that an MA organization has failed to...

  17. 77 FR 67726 - Department of State: State Department Sanctions Information and Guidance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ... in high-risk sectors should consider implementing enhanced due diligence in order to minimize the risks of inadvertently becoming engaged in a sanctionable transaction. This could include, but is not..., with respect to which the Secretary of State has imposed sanctions, from landing at a port in...

  18. 24 CFR 200.1530 - Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender...): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1530 Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender. It is HUD... under 2 CFR part 2424, or otherwise prohibited from participation in HUD programs, when the MAP...

  19. 24 CFR 200.1530 - Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender...): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1530 Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender. It is HUD... under 2 CFR part 2424, or otherwise prohibited from participation in HUD programs, when the MAP...

  20. 31 CFR 561.203 - NDAA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... foreign financial institutions. 561.203 Section 561.203 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... FINANCIAL SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 561.203 NDAA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial... to the foreign financial institution. Note 1 to paragraph (a) of § 561.203: The names of...

  1. 31 CFR 561.203 - NDAA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... foreign financial institutions. 561.203 Section 561.203 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... FINANCIAL SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 561.203 NDAA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial... to the foreign financial institution. Note 1 to paragraph (a) of § 561.203: The names of...

  2. 78 FR 41192 - Publication of General License Related to the Zimbabwe Sanctions Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control Publication of General License Related to the Zimbabwe Sanctions Program... General License No. 1 issued under the Zimbabwe sanctions program on April 24, 2013. Zimbabwe General License No. 1 authorizes all transactions involving Agricultural Development Bank of Zimbabwe...

  3. 78 FR 38097 - Publication of General License Related to the Syria Sanctions Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-25

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control Publication of General License Related to the Syria Sanctions Program... General License No. 11A issued under the Syria sanctions program on June 12, 2013. General License No. 11A authorizes certain services in support of nongovernmental organizations' activities in Syria....

  4. 31 CFR 561.204 - Additional petroleum-related sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... more of the activities described in paragraph (b) of this section, the Secretary of the Treasury may... determination has been made. (b) Sanctionable activity. A foreign financial institution engages in an activity... activity. Sanctions will not be imposed under paragraph (a) of this section with respect to any...

  5. 31 CFR 561.204 - Additional petroleum-related sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... more of the activities described in paragraph (b) of this section, the Secretary of the Treasury may... determination has been made. (b) Sanctionable activity. A foreign financial institution engages in an activity... activity. Sanctions will not be imposed under paragraph (a) of this section with respect to any...

  6. 75 FR 67025 - Delegation of Certain Functions and Authorities Under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ... Register. (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, WASHINGTON, September 23, 2010 [FR Doc. 2010-27679 Filed 10... Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 Memorandum for the Secretary of State... sections 4(c), 5(a), 5(b), 5(c), 5(f), 6(a)(1), 6(a)(2), 6(b)(5), and 9(c) of the Iran Sanctions Act...

  7. 42 CFR 423.756 - Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... civil money penalties. 423.756 Section 423.756 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.756 Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil...

  8. 42 CFR 423.752 - Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... money penalties. 423.752 Section 423.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.752 Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil...

  9. 42 CFR 488.446 - Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility... PROCEDURES Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.446 Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures. Any individual who is or was the administrator of a...

  10. 42 CFR 488.446 - Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility... PROCEDURES Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.446 Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures. Any individual who is or was the administrator of a...

  11. 42 CFR 488.446 - Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility... PROCEDURES Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.446 Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures. Any individual who is or was the administrator of a...

  12. 42 CFR 488.446 - Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility... PROCEDURES Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.446 Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures. Any individual who is or was the administrator of a...

  13. 16 CFR 1025.37 - Sanctions for failure to comply with discovery orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions for failure to comply with discovery orders. 1025.37 Section 1025.37 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Discovery, Compulsory Process § 1025.37 Sanctions...

  14. 24 CFR 266.120 - Actions for which sanctions may be imposed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER.... Violations for which sanctions may be imposed include, but are not limited to: (a) Commission of fraud or... which sanctions may be imposed against the HFA by HUD's Mortgagee Review Board under 24 CFR 25.9....

  15. 42 CFR 422.756 - Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... civil money penalties. 422.756 Section 422.756 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.756 Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a... contract in accordance with § 422.510. (e) Notice to impose civil money penalties—(1) CMS notice to OIG....

  16. A Survival Time Analysis of Criminal Sanctions for Misdemeanor Offenders: A Case for Alternatives to Incarceration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheeler, Gerald R; Hissong, Rodney V.

    1988-01-01

    A 3-year study of 505 misdemeanor offenders in Houston (Texas) was conducted to assess the feasibility of adopting a policy of sanctions alternative to prison sentences for this class of criminal. The most salient finding was the emergence of probation as a superior sanction. (TJH)

  17. School Social Workers Sanctioned by State Departments of Education and State Licensing Boards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boland-Prom, Kim; Alvarez, Michelle E.

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the results of a study on the unprofessional conduct of school social workers who have been sanctioned by state regulatory boards (boards of education and licensing boards). The data represent information from 14 states and the District of Columbia. Results indicate that school social workers are rarely sanctioned at the…

  18. 49 CFR 511.37 - Sanctions for failure to comply with order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions for failure to comply with order. 511.37 Section 511.37 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process § 511.37 Sanctions for...

  19. 78 FR 53038 - Interim Final Determination to Stay and Defer Sanctions; California; San Joaquin Valley

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-28

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 69896), we published a partial approval and partial disapproval of the San Joaquin Valley... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination to Stay and Defer Sanctions; California; San Joaquin... imposition of highway sanctions based on a proposed approval of revisions to the San Joaquin Valley...

  20. Gifted Military Dependents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tittle, Bess M.; Walters, Debbie

    1985-01-01

    Two articles address problems and issues in serving gifted military dependents. The first offers suggestions for parents, including handcarrying records, involving themselves in schools, and maintaining a positive attitude toward service life. The second article describes TAG (talented and gifted) programs at the Department of Defense Dependents…

  1. HIV ban in military.

    PubMed

    1995-06-16

    The Defense Department has written into its budget a proposal to discharge all HIV-positive members of the armed services. The House Committee on National Security has approved the fiscal 1996 defense budget with the ban included. Rep. Robert K. Dornan, R- Calif., contends that having HIV-positive service members in the military compromises the nation's readiness because, under Defense Department policy, they cannot be stationed abroad. However, only one-fifth of all service members on limited assignment have HIV, the others have diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. This shows the military's readiness to discriminate against HIV-positive individuals, according to William J. Freeman of the National Association of People with AIDS. Currently all recruits are tested for HIV; if they test positive, they are denied entry to the armed services. All service members are tested annually for HIV antibodies. In anticipation of cutbacks in military-related AIDS research due to the Republican control of Congress, the military has begun to eliminate most of the AIDS research it conducts. PMID:11362530

  2. HIV ban in military.

    PubMed

    1995-06-16

    The Defense Department has written into its budget a proposal to discharge all HIV-positive members of the armed services. The House Committee on National Security has approved the fiscal 1996 defense budget with the ban included. Rep. Robert K. Dornan, R- Calif., contends that having HIV-positive service members in the military compromises the nation's readiness because, under Defense Department policy, they cannot be stationed abroad. However, only one-fifth of all service members on limited assignment have HIV, the others have diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. This shows the military's readiness to discriminate against HIV-positive individuals, according to William J. Freeman of the National Association of People with AIDS. Currently all recruits are tested for HIV; if they test positive, they are denied entry to the armed services. All service members are tested annually for HIV antibodies. In anticipation of cutbacks in military-related AIDS research due to the Republican control of Congress, the military has begun to eliminate most of the AIDS research it conducts.

  3. Why Military History?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunting, Josiah, III

    2008-01-01

    Interest in military history is as strong as it has ever been--except on American college campuses. Lt. Gen. Josiah Bunting III examines why today's undergraduates need to study the facts of war, and why knowing its causes and consequences remain a vital part of our common knowledge.

  4. Resilience among Military Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easterbrooks, M. Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors present their approach to understanding resilience among military connected young people, and they discuss some of the gaps in their knowledge. They begin by defining resilience, and then present a theoretical model of how young people demonstrate resilient functioning. Next they consider some of the research on…

  5. Nutrition research in the military.

    PubMed

    Hill, Neil E; Fallowfield, J L; Delves, S K; Wilson, D R

    2014-06-01

    Military research performed in an operational environment involves mission-specific considerations. The Institute of Naval Medicine was tasked in 2008 by the Surgeon General to investigate the nutritional status of deployed British military personnel, and how this might affect body composition, physical fitness and operational capability. This paper briefly describes the logistic and technical issues specific to military research that were encountered by the study team, how these issues were overcome and how this research has influenced military practice.

  6. Academic and Military Instructional Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Branson, Robert K.

    This paper examines the practices and accomplishments of the military in the area of instructional technology. An examination of historical background is used to increase the precision of the definition of instructional technology. Specific contributions of the military are described and then uses of instructional technology in the military and…

  7. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at Massachusetts Military Reservation. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    SciTech Connect

    Stafford, B.; Robichaud, R.; Mosey, G.

    2011-07-01

    This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying photovoltaics (PV) systems on a superfund site located within the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR). The site was assessed for possible PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.17/kWh and incentives offered in the State of Massachusetts, such as the solar renewable energy credits. According to calculations, MMR can place 8 MW of ballast-weighted, ground-mounted PV systems on the crowns of the three landfill caps and the borrow pit with the PV modules tilted at 30 degrees.

  8. Sanctions and mutualism stability: why do rhizobia fix nitrogen?

    PubMed Central

    West, Stuart A; Kiers, E Toby; Simms, Ellen L; Denison, R Ford

    2002-01-01

    Why do rhizobia expend resources on fixing N(2) for the benefit of their host plant, when they could use those resources for their own reproduction? We present a series of theoretical models which counter the hypotheses that N(2) fixation is favoured because it (i) increases the exudation of useful resources to related rhizobia in the nearby soil, or (ii) increases plant growth and therefore the resources available for rhizobia growth. Instead, we suggest that appreciable levels of N(2) fixation are only favoured when plants preferentially supply more resources to (or are less likely to senesce) nodules that are fixing more N(2) (termed plant sanctions). The implications for different agricultural practices and mutualism stability in general are discussed. PMID:11934359

  9. 3 CFR 13628 - Executive Order 13628 of October 9, 2012. Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    .... Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human... Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 and Additional Sanctions...), the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-158) (ITRSHRA),...

  10. The Clinton military budget

    SciTech Connect

    Isaacs, J. )

    1993-05-01

    In February, the Clinton administration presented the overall contours, if not the details, of its military budget plans for the next five years. $263.5 billion was requested in new budget authority for fiscal 1994. By fiscal 1995, according to the administration blueprint, the budget would be reduced to about $250 billion annually. The three points that stand out, apart from the modest nature of the reductions from the previous administration's five-year Pentagon plan, are discussed in this article. First, the Clinton team downplayed the magnitude of the cutbacks. Second, the Clinton reductions generated great confusion, as an extraordinary range of numbers was banded about. Third, the pro-military members of Congress were remarkably quiet about the Clinton defense plan. Explanations and implications of these points are explained.

  11. Military display performance parameters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

    2012-06-01

    The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

  12. Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity.

    PubMed

    Kelly, J C

    2012-12-01

    The combatant soldier on the battlefield remains protected from any claim in negligence by the doctrine of combat immunity for any negligent act or omission they may make when fighting. In other words, the combatant soldier does not owe a fellow soldier a duty of care on the battlefield, as the duty of care is non-justiciable. However, the non-combatant Military Healthcare Professional, although sometimes operating in the same hostile circumstances as the fighting soldier, is unlikely to benefit from combat immunity for any clinical negligence on the battlefield. This is because they continue to owe their patient a duty of care, although this has not been tested in the courts. This paper considers if any military healthcare professional could ever benefit from combat immunity, which is unlikely due to their non-combatant status. Instead, this paper suggests that a modified form of immunity; namely, Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity could be a new, unique and viable doctrine, however, this could only be granted in rare circumstances and to a much lesser degree than combat immunity.

  13. Renewable energy technology handbook for military engineers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1982-03-01

    Renewable energy applications are introduced that are considered promising for military use in the 1980s. These are: solar hot water for buildings, active solar hot water and space heating for buildings, passive solar heating and cooling of buildings, solar industrial process heata, solar ponds, photovoltaic power for homes, photovoltaic power for remote applications, parabolic dish solar systems for remote applications, wind energy for buildings, wind energy for central power plants, wind energy for water pumping, biomass energy systems for buildings, biomass energy systems for central power plants, geothermal energy for process heat, and geothermal energy for central power plants. For each of these is given: a brief history of the technology and information on how the technology works; a detailed technical and economic profile of an operating system; and a summary listing of operating civilian and military systems that are open for public viewing.

  14. Military base closures: A waste industry business opportunity

    SciTech Connect

    McAdams, C.L.

    1994-10-01

    Military bases across the country are being shut down as part of a domestic military consolidation that began five years ago. The ramifications of these base closures for the environmental industry are significant. Specifically, the closure of military bases across the country could signal the opening of new, and lucrative, opportunities for the waste management industry. These opportunities fall into two broad categories: first--the site remediation of bases slated for closure; and second--the potential use of former military sites for waste management facilities. In most cases, regulations require that, prior to the sale of federal land to local governments or private companies, hazardous wastes must be cleaned up. The result An economic boon for companies serving in the remediation process. In many cases, there are readily available, and proven, solutions of treatment, remediation, and restoration for these sites.

  15. Cultural self-awareness as a crucial component of military cross-cultural competence.

    PubMed

    Pappamihiel, Constantine J; Pappamihiel, Eleni

    2013-01-01

    The military forces in the United States represent a unique culture that includes many subcultures within their own military society. Acculturation into the military often deemphasizes the influence of personal narrative and thereby establishes the primacy of military culture over personal cultural influences. The authors make the argument that military personnel need to further develop an understanding and appreciation of personal cultural narrative as well as organizational culture. The increased integration of military personnel with interagency partners, along with cooperative efforts between relief organizations, and nongovernmental organizations in politically/economically unstable areas around the globe serves to make cross-cultural interaction unavoidable in the future. Military medical personnel are especially likely to interact with others who have culturally different values. These interactions can occur between organizations as easily as they can during patient care. They must be able to step outside of their military culture and develop cross-cultural competence that is grounded in cultural self-awareness. Without an appropriate level of cultural self-awareness, military and medical personnel run the risk of being unable to communicate across dissimilar cultures or worse, alienating key stakeholders in collaborative operations between military services, coalition partners, and nonmilitary organizations. It is the authors? contention that unless military personnel, especially those in the medical arena, are able to appropriately self-assess situations that are impacted by culture, both their own and the other personnel involved, the resulting cultural dissonance is more likely to derail any significant positive effect of such collaborations.

  16. The Peaceful Uses of Military Forces. Praeger Special Studies in International Politics and Public Affairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanning, Hugh

    This study of the peaceful uses of military forces (PUMF) offers a compendium of information and principles for the planning and conduct of such PUMF activities as meeting disaster or emergency relief situations, education and training, and economic and social projects. The provision of training opportunities by the military is a means of…

  17. Military Famine, Human Rights, and Child Hunger: A Cross-National Analysis, 1990-2000

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, J. Craig; Scanlan, Stephen J.; Peterson, Lindsey

    2007-01-01

    Discussions of world hunger have focused on economic growth and international food aid, assuming that food supply is the critical issue. The authors show that food access rooted in social stratification and military power is the central problem. Synthesizing the entitlement and military famine approaches to hunger, the authors examine the effects…

  18. Burns and military clothing.

    PubMed

    McLean, A D

    2001-02-01

    Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under

  19. Respiratory infections in the military.

    PubMed

    O'Shea, Matthew K; Wilson, D

    2013-09-01

    Military training facilities and operational theatres, and the stressful activities undertaken in such settings, are unique. Military personnel living and working in these environments are at considerable risk of the acquisition and onward transmission of a variety of respiratory infections. While these generally cause mild illness, severe disease may occur with significant associated morbidity and, occasionally, mortality. Epidemic outbreaks among military personnel may have a significant detrimental impact on training schedules and operational effectiveness. The recognition of the burden of such illness among British military personnel, and the development of strategies required to prevent or limit negative impacts, can only be achieved through the use of comprehensive laboratory-based surveillance programmes.

  20. 42 CFR 488.610 - Notice of appeal rights: Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Termination of Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488... documentation to refute the finding of failure to participate in network activities and pursue network goals....

  1. 24 CFR 92.552 - Notice and opportunity for hearing; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Performance Reviews and Sanctions § 92... the funds in the participating jurisdiction's HOME Investment Trust Fund by the amount of any... the following: (i) Prevent withdrawals from the participating jurisdiction's HOME Investment...

  2. 24 CFR 92.552 - Notice and opportunity for hearing; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Performance Reviews and Sanctions § 92... the funds in the participating jurisdiction's HOME Investment Trust Fund by the amount of any... the following: (i) Prevent withdrawals from the participating jurisdiction's HOME Investment...

  3. Starvation of children in Syria--sanctions and the politics of revenge.

    PubMed

    Sen, Kasturi

    2014-01-01

    As Syria completes two years of western sanctions (2011-13), their dramatic effects on health are being highlighted with first reports of starvation deaths among children in the suburbs of Damascus. Although heavy fighting has taken place in this area, experts had predicted for some time the unworkability of sanctions for regime change, arguing that only civilians would pay the price in a country (Syria in this case) which was once well on the way to meeting the Millennium Development Goals 4 targets on reducing child mortality. In this, as in the case of other "sanctioned" countries, it is not just "civilians" but the most vulnerable among them--children, who are experiencing the tragic consequences of sanctions. PMID:24509114

  4. Starvation of children in Syria--sanctions and the politics of revenge.

    PubMed

    Sen, Kasturi

    2014-01-01

    As Syria completes two years of western sanctions (2011-13), their dramatic effects on health are being highlighted with first reports of starvation deaths among children in the suburbs of Damascus. Although heavy fighting has taken place in this area, experts had predicted for some time the unworkability of sanctions for regime change, arguing that only civilians would pay the price in a country (Syria in this case) which was once well on the way to meeting the Millennium Development Goals 4 targets on reducing child mortality. In this, as in the case of other "sanctioned" countries, it is not just "civilians" but the most vulnerable among them--children, who are experiencing the tragic consequences of sanctions.

  5. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  6. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  7. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  8. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  9. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  10. 49 CFR 511.37 - Sanctions for failure to comply with order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process § 511.37 Sanctions for failure to comply with order. If a party fails to obey an order to...

  11. The social side of sanctions: personal and social norms as moderators of deterrence.

    PubMed

    Wenzel, Michael

    2004-10-01

    In a survey of Australian citizens (valid N = 1,406), personal and social norms were found to moderate effects of deterrence on tax evasion. Personal, internalized norms of tax honesty were negatively related to tax evasion and moderated the effects of deterrence variables (i.e., sanction severity), suggesting deterrence effects only when individual ethics were weak. Perceived social norms, beyond those internalized as personal norms, were not directly related to tax evasion but moderated the effects of sanction severity. Only when social norms were seen as strongly in favor of tax honesty was sanction severity negatively related to tax evasion. This result held only for respondents who did not identify strongly as Australians. Hence, when internalized, norms delimit effects of deterrence; when considered external to one's self norms boost deterrence effects, giving social meaning to formal sanctions.

  12. The social side of sanctions: personal and social norms as moderators of deterrence.

    PubMed

    Wenzel, Michael

    2004-10-01

    In a survey of Australian citizens (valid N = 1,406), personal and social norms were found to moderate effects of deterrence on tax evasion. Personal, internalized norms of tax honesty were negatively related to tax evasion and moderated the effects of deterrence variables (i.e., sanction severity), suggesting deterrence effects only when individual ethics were weak. Perceived social norms, beyond those internalized as personal norms, were not directly related to tax evasion but moderated the effects of sanction severity. Only when social norms were seen as strongly in favor of tax honesty was sanction severity negatively related to tax evasion. This result held only for respondents who did not identify strongly as Australians. Hence, when internalized, norms delimit effects of deterrence; when considered external to one's self norms boost deterrence effects, giving social meaning to formal sanctions. PMID:15638209

  13. [Are legal sanctions for improving traffic safety adequate?].

    PubMed

    Geppert, K

    1990-01-01

    Referring to the field of traffic legislation the author examines the different possibilities to improve the safety on the road, within the corresponding range of summary offence and criminal law; (1) As far as the rules of conduct are concerned he demands a uniform threshold value of at least 0.8% for blood alcohol within the limits of the German penal code Sections 315 c I, 316. He rejects the plan to introduce a criminal offence of considerable speeding if imminent danger is provoked. (2) On the level of sanctions the traditional measures of traffic legislation are to be supplied sensibly by supplementary training courses concerning alcohol abuse. The legal instruments of (temporary) suspension of a person's driving license on the part of criminal jurisdiction or public authorities ought to be utilized on a larger scale. The (Flensburg) repeated perpetration point system is to be improved with regard to special preventive measures. (3) To increase the risk of being caught the control of the traffic by the police is to be intensified--especially through a larger application of technical means. (4) The extension of the instruments of traffic legislation to immediate measures by the police--preliminary or "mini" suspension of a person's driving license by resort to preventive rights by the police?--meets with constitutional or legal scruples.

  14. Collateral sanctions for criminal convictions in the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

    PubMed

    Griffith, R A

    1990-01-01

    Under current federal and state laws, physicians convicted of Medicare and Medicaid program-related crimes face numerous possible sanctions that may be imposed in addition to the applicable criminal penalties. In this article, the author describes some of the collateral sanctions that physicians and their attorneys should be aware of in order to make informed decisions concerning the proper defense strategy in a criminal case.

  15. Recruits' Military Preferences and Their Accommodation by the Military Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoehn, Arthur J.; And Others

    The research report provides information on recruits' military occupational preferences, match of military assignments to recruits' preferences, and changes that occur in these preferences between service entry and completion of basic training. Questionnaires were administered to recruits from four services just before classification interviewing…

  16. Discriminative host sanction together with relatedness promote the cooperation in fig/fig wasp mutualism.

    PubMed

    Wang, Rui-Wu; Sun, Bao-Fa; Yang, Yan

    2015-07-01

    Sanctioning or punishing is regarded as one of the most important dynamics in the evolution of cooperation. However, it has not been empirically examined yet whether or not such enforcement selection by sanctioning or punishing and classical theories like kin or reciprocity selection are separate mechanisms contributing to the evolution of cooperation. In addition, it remains largely unclear what factors determine the intensity or effectiveness of sanction. Here, we show that in the obligate, interspecific cooperation between figs and fig wasps, the hosted figs can discriminatively sanction cheating individuals by decreasing the offspring development ratio. Concurrently, the figs can reward the cooperative pollinators with a higher offspring development ratio. This sanction intensity and effectiveness largely depend on how closely the host and symbiont are related either in terms of reciprocity exchange or genetic similarity as measured by the reciprocal of the foundress number. Our results imply that in asymmetric systems, symbionts might be forced to evolve to be cooperative or even altruistic through discriminative sanction against the noncooperative symbiont and reward to the cooperative symbiont by the host (i.e. through a game of 'carrot and stick').

  17. 13 CFR 123.512 - What is the interest rate on a Military Reservist EIDL?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION DISASTER LOAN PROGRAM Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans § 123.512 What is the... percent per annum or less. SBA will publish the interest rate quarterly in the Federal Register....

  18. Military R&D Communities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albrecht, Ulrich

    1983-01-01

    Military research and development (R&D) in Western countries and the USSR are analyzed in terms of growth; self-perception of R&D personnel; relationships with industry and the state bureaucracy; reproduction schemes which result in war-oriented work; and worker training. Prospects are slim for the conversion of military production to civilian…

  19. Will Military Reductions Create Shortages of Trained Personnel and Harm the Career Prospects of American Youth? EQW Working Papers WP26.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barley, Stephen R.

    Although returns to military service may have been positive prior to Vietnam, since Vietnam the average veteran has neither benefited nor suffered economically from military service. Educational attainment is the primary reason veterans have earned more than nonveterans. Because the population as a whole has become more educated, military service…

  20. The Social Determinants of Health in Military Forces of Iran: A Qualitative Study

    PubMed Central

    Bahadori, Mohammadkarim; Sanaeinasab, Hormoz; Ghanei, Mostafa; Mehrabi Tavana, Ali; Ravangard, Ramin; Karamali, Mazyar

    2015-01-01

    Providing effective health interventions and achieving equity in health need to apply the community-based approaches such as social determinants of health. In the military organizations, these determinants have received less attention from the military health researchers and policymakers. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and explain the social determinants affecting the health of military forces in Iran. This was a qualitative study which was conducted in 2014. The required data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed through Conventional Content Analysis. The studied sample consisted of 22 military health experts, policymakers, and senior managers selected using purposeful sampling method with maximum variation sampling. MAXQDA.2007 was used to analyze the collected data. After analyzing the collected data, two main contents, that is, “general social determinants of health” and “military social determinants of health,” with 22 themes and 90 subthemes were identified as the social determinants of military forces' health. Main themes were religious rule, spirituality promotion policies, international military factors, military command, and so forth. Given the role and importance of social factors determining the military forces' health, it can be recommended that the military organizations should pay more attention to these determinants in making policies and creating social, economic, and cultural structures for their forces. PMID:26379716

  1. 19 CFR 12.150 - Merchandise prohibited by economic sanctions; detention; seizure or other disposition; blocked...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... designated by the President as constituting a threat to the national security, foreign policy, or economy of... Assets Control (OFAC) (31 CFR Chapter V). (b) Seizure. When an unlicensed importation of merchandise..., costs, or expenses, as well as any mitigated forfeiture amount or monetary penalty imposed or...

  2. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 501 - Economic Sanctions Enforcement Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... purposes at 19 CFR 152.103. I. Voluntary self-disclosure means self-initiated notification to OFAC of an... parties, including through an administrative subpoena issued pursuant to 31 CFR 501.602. In the case of an... conclude that a violation has occurred or that a Finding of Violation or a civil monetary penalty is...

  3. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 501 - Economic Sanctions Enforcement Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... purposes at 19 CFR 152.103. I. Voluntary self-disclosure means self-initiated notification to OFAC of an... parties, including through an administrative subpoena issued pursuant to 31 CFR 501.602. In the case of an.... Compliance Program: the existence, nature and adequacy of a Subject Person's risk-based OFAC...

  4. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 501 - Economic Sanctions Enforcement Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... purposes at 19 CFR 152.103. I. Voluntary self-disclosure means self-initiated notification to OFAC of an... parties, including through an administrative subpoena issued pursuant to 31 CFR 501.602. In the case of an.... Compliance Program: the existence, nature and adequacy of a Subject Person's risk-based OFAC...

  5. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 501 - Economic Sanctions Enforcement Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... purposes at 19 CFR 152.103. I. Voluntary self-disclosure means self-initiated notification to OFAC of an... another government agency (but not to OFAC) by a Subject Person, which is considered a voluntary self-disclosure by that agency, may be considered a voluntary self-disclosure by OFAC, based on a...

  6. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 501 - Economic Sanctions Enforcement Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... purposes at 19 CFR 152.103. I. Voluntary self-disclosure means self-initiated notification to OFAC of an... another government agency (but not to OFAC) by a Subject Person, which is considered a voluntary self-disclosure by that agency, may be considered a voluntary self-disclosure by OFAC, based on a...

  7. The Importance of Military Cultural Competence.

    PubMed

    Meyer, Eric G; Writer, Brian W; Brim, William

    2016-03-01

    Military cultural competence has recently gained national attention. Experts have posited that limited outcomes in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in the military may be related to limited familiarity with the military. National surveys have indicated low military cultural competence among providers and limited educational efforts on military culture or pertinent military pathology in medical schools and residency training programs. Military families, with their own unique military cultural identity, have been identified as a population with increased risks associated with deployment. In response to these findings, several curricula regarding military culture have been established and widely distributed. Assessments of military cultural competence have also been developed. The clinical impact of enhanced cultural competence in general has thus far been limited. The military, however, with its highly prescribed cultural identity, may be a model culture for further study. PMID:26830884

  8. The Importance of Military Cultural Competence.

    PubMed

    Meyer, Eric G; Writer, Brian W; Brim, William

    2016-03-01

    Military cultural competence has recently gained national attention. Experts have posited that limited outcomes in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in the military may be related to limited familiarity with the military. National surveys have indicated low military cultural competence among providers and limited educational efforts on military culture or pertinent military pathology in medical schools and residency training programs. Military families, with their own unique military cultural identity, have been identified as a population with increased risks associated with deployment. In response to these findings, several curricula regarding military culture have been established and widely distributed. Assessments of military cultural competence have also been developed. The clinical impact of enhanced cultural competence in general has thus far been limited. The military, however, with its highly prescribed cultural identity, may be a model culture for further study.

  9. Continued growth for military PAs.

    PubMed

    Salyer, Steven W

    2002-10-01

    The US military physician assistant (PA) originated from the corpsmen and medics of the army, navy, air force, and Coast Guard. PAs have been present in every military campaign since 1980 and serve in a wide variety of medical roles. Their combat role has expanded so that in many instances the PA has replaced the physician as the front-line care provider. All have moved from warrant officer into the commissioned officer ranks, a change that has enabled them to rise into command and administrative positions. Narrowing of the pay differential between military and civilian PAs has contributed to their retention.

  10. Military laser weapons: current controversies.

    PubMed

    Seet, B; Wong, T Y

    2001-09-01

    Military laser weapons systems are becoming indispensable in most modern armies. These lasers have undergone many stages of development, and have outpaced research on eye protection measures, which continue to have inherent limitations. Eye injuries caused by military lasers are increasingly reported, leading to speculation that these would become an important cause of blinding in modern conflicts. As part of the effort to ban inhumane weapons, international laws have been passed to restrict the proliferation of such blinding weapons. However, there are controversies concerning the interpretation, implementation and effectiveness of these laws. The ophthalmic community can play a greater role in highlighting ocular morbidity from military lasers, and in preventing their further proliferation.

  11. The Military and the Transition to Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelty, Ryan; Kleykamp, Meredith; Segal, David R.

    2010-01-01

    Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects…

  12. 31 CFR 29.333 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Military service. 29.333 Section 29... Satisfied by June 30, 1997 § 29.333 Military service. (a) For employees who entered on duty on or before June 30, 1997, and whose military service was performed prior to that date, credit for military...

  13. 31 CFR 29.333 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Military service. 29.333 Section 29... Satisfied by June 30, 1997 § 29.333 Military service. (a) For employees who entered on duty on or before June 30, 1997, and whose military service was performed prior to that date, credit for military...

  14. 31 CFR 29.333 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military service. 29.333 Section 29... Satisfied by June 30, 1997 § 29.333 Military service. (a) For employees who entered on duty on or before June 30, 1997, and whose military service was performed prior to that date, credit for military...

  15. Changing Families in a Changing Military System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, Edna J., Ed.

    Recently, the military system has begun to feel the impact of the military family. Whenever sudden dramatic changes or transitions occur, crises may result either for the individual or for the institution. At present both the military system and the military family are in a period of rapid transition. Perhaps one of the most important changes that…

  16. Satellite Power System (SPS) military implications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bain, C. N.

    1978-01-01

    The military implications of the reference satellite power system (SPS) were examined is well as important military related study tasks. Primary areas of investigation were the potential of the SPS as a weapon, for supporting U.S. military preparedness, and for affecting international relations. In addition, the SPS's relative vulnerability to overt military action, terrorist attacks, and sabotage was considered.

  17. Emergence of responsible sanctions without second order free riders, antisocial punishment or spite.

    PubMed

    Hilbe, Christian; Traulsen, Arne

    2012-01-01

    While empirical evidence highlights the importance of punishment for cooperation in collective action, it remains disputed how responsible sanctions targeted predominantly at uncooperative subjects can evolve. Punishment is costly; in order to spread it typically requires local interactions, voluntary participation, or rewards. Moreover, theory and experiments indicate that some subjects abuse sanctioning opportunities by engaging in antisocial punishment (which harms cooperators), spiteful acts (harming everyone) or revenge (as a response to being punished). These arguments have led to the conclusion that punishment is maladaptive. Here, we use evolutionary game theory to show that this conclusion is premature: If interactions are non-anonymous, cooperation and punishment evolve even if initially rare, and sanctions are directed towards non-cooperators only. Thus, our willingness to punish free riders is ultimately a selfish decision rather than an altruistic act; punishment serves as a warning, showing that one is not willing to accept unfair treatments.

  18. [Role of researchers and employees of the Military Medical Academy in development of the system of military medical supply].

    PubMed

    Miroshnichenko, Iu V; Kononov, V N; Perfil'ev, A B

    2013-12-01

    The Military Medical Academy has been solving theoretical and practical issues, concerning development of military medical supply, for 215 years. At different time periods and according to needs of military medicine and pharmacy researches and employees of the Academy aimed efforts to: development of the theory and practice of medical supply organization, regulatory basis of the system of medical supply, development of new samples of medical equipment, development of medicine manufacturing technologies and methods of quality control, researches in the area of medicine radiochemistry, forensic chemistry and toxicology, herbal and mineral water analysis and etc. At the present time there are the following education programs at the Academy: "Pharmacy", magister program "Management of medical supply", program for resident physicians "Management and economics of pharmacy". PMID:24738281

  19. [Marketing in the system of military-medical facilities].

    PubMed

    Kostiuchenko, O M; Sviridova, T B

    2014-02-01

    Military medical facilities of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian, have received the right to provide additional services and have been involved in the sphere of market relations. The strong influence of market relations - an objective reality that must be used for the development of military medical institutions and improving quality of care.Effective commercial activity can improve capabilities of the military medical institutions. This requires constant study of market mechanisms to implement and develop their competitive advantage. The paper substantiates the need for the participation of military medical institutions in the provision of health services to the public on the terms of compensation incurred by financial institutions costs (paid medical services, medical assistance program of compulsory and voluntary health insurance). Taking into account the specifics of military medical institutions set out basic principles and recommendations have been implementing marketing approach in their management, the practical application of which will not only increase efficiency, but also create conditions to improve the financial and economic indicators. This knowledge will help the mechanism of functioning health care market and the rules of interaction of market counterparties. PMID:25046919

  20. [Marketing in the system of military-medical facilities].

    PubMed

    Kostiuchenko, O M; Sviridova, T B

    2014-02-01

    Military medical facilities of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian, have received the right to provide additional services and have been involved in the sphere of market relations. The strong influence of market relations - an objective reality that must be used for the development of military medical institutions and improving quality of care.Effective commercial activity can improve capabilities of the military medical institutions. This requires constant study of market mechanisms to implement and develop their competitive advantage. The paper substantiates the need for the participation of military medical institutions in the provision of health services to the public on the terms of compensation incurred by financial institutions costs (paid medical services, medical assistance program of compulsory and voluntary health insurance). Taking into account the specifics of military medical institutions set out basic principles and recommendations have been implementing marketing approach in their management, the practical application of which will not only increase efficiency, but also create conditions to improve the financial and economic indicators. This knowledge will help the mechanism of functioning health care market and the rules of interaction of market counterparties.

  1. 31 CFR 585.215 - Conveyances and cargo suspected of being in violation of United Nations sanctions; detention...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... being in violation of United Nations sanctions; detention; blocking. 585.215 Section 585.215 Money and... and cargo suspected of being in violation of United Nations sanctions; detention; blocking. (a) Except... § 585.201, but which are suspected of a violation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions No....

  2. 17 CFR 240.19d-3 - Applications for review of final disciplinary sanctions, denials of membership, participation or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... limitations of access to services imposed by self-regulatory organizations. 240.19d-3 Section 240.19d-3... sanctions, denials of membership, participation or association, or prohibitions or limitations of access to... disciplinary sanction, denial or conditioning of membership, participation, bar from association,...

  3. 48 CFR 25.703-3 - Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, section 106.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, section 106. 25.703-3 Section 25.703-3 Federal... Prohibited Sources 25.703-3 Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010,...

  4. 20 CFR 667.650 - What procedures apply to the appeals of the Governor's imposition of sanctions for substantial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Governor's imposition of sanctions for substantial violations or performance failures by a local area? 667... sanctions for substantial violations or performance failures by a local area? (a) A local area which has... time for appeal has expired; or (2) The Secretary has issued a decision. (b) A local area which...

  5. 78 FR 16571 - OFAC Implementation of Certain Sanctions Imposed on SYTROL by the Secretary of State Pursuant to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... pursuant to ISA, as amended by CISADA, on SYTROL. See 77 FR 59034 (Sep. 25, 2012), which provides the name... Secretary of State Pursuant to the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended SUB-AGENCY: Office of Foreign... Secretary of State pursuant to the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note)...

  6. 48 CFR 52.225-25 - Prohibition on Engaging in Sanctioned Activities Relating to Iran-Certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Sanctioned Activities Relating to Iran-Certification. 52.225-25 Section 52.225-25 Federal Acquisition... Relating to Iran—Certification. As prescribed at 25.1103(e), insert the following provision: PROHIBITION ON ENGAGING IN SANCTIONED ACTIVITIES RELATING TO IRAN—CERTIFICATION (SEP 2010) (a) Definition. Person—...

  7. Predictable Failure of Federal Sanctions-Driven Accountability for School Improvement--And Why We May Retain It Anyway

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintrop, Heinrich; Sunderman, Gail L.

    2009-01-01

    The federal accountability system, made universal through the No Child Left Behind Act of 2002, is a system driven by quotas and sanctions, stipulating the progression of underperforming schools through sanctions based on meeting performance quotas for specific demographic groups. The authors examine whether the current federal accountability…

  8. Using Rewards and Sanctions in the Classroom: Pupils' Perceptions of Their Own Responses to Current Behaviour Management Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    The use of systems of rewards and sanctions within behaviour policies has now been adopted formally in UK schools. Such systems potentially represent competing theoretical ideas when considered alongside current approaches to teaching and learning. There is also opportunity for inconsistent use of rewards and sanctions resulting from the absence…

  9. 13 CFR 123.501 - Under what circumstances is your business eligible to be considered for a Military Reservist...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Military Reservist EIDL if: (a) It is a small business as defined in 13 CFR part 121 when the essential... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Under what circumstances is your business eligible to be considered for a Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan? 123.501...

  10. The color of welfare sanctioning: exploring the individual and contextual roles of race on TANF case closures and benefit reductions.

    PubMed

    Monnat, Shannon M

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the individual and contextual roles of race on welfare sanctions: benefit cuts for failing to comply with work or other behavioral requirements under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. Using six years of federal administrative data, I advance previous welfare research by providing a nationally representative analysis of participant-, county-, and state-level predictors of welfare sanctioning. Using theories of racial classification, racialized social systems, and racial threat as guiding frameworks, I find that black and Latina women are at a greater risk of being sanctioned than white women. Further, although odds of a sanction are slightly reduced for black women living in counties with greater percentages of blacks, the opposite holds for Latinas, who are at an increased risk of being sanctioned in counties with greater percentages of Latinos.

  11. MilitaryKidsConnect: Web-based prevention services for military children.

    PubMed

    Blasko, Kelly A

    2015-08-01

    Military children often present with psychological health concerns related to their experience of deployments, reintegration, and frequent moves common in military life. MilitaryKidsConnect is a Department of Defense (DoD) Web site designed to enhance the coping of military children in the context of their military life experience. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of the Web site as a resource that provides psychoeducation, coping strategies, and peer support to military children. PMID:26213795

  12. Impact of sanctions on procurement of medicine and medical devices in Iran; a technical response.

    PubMed

    Hosseini, Seyed Alireza

    2013-12-01

    Following recent sanctions on foreign trade, financial and banking services, Iran has faced major difficulties for importing medicines (both finished products and pharmaceutical raw materials) and medical devices. Problems with money transfer have made it extremely lengthy in time to import medicine and medical devices and these have negatively affected access to and affordability of medicines. Quality of pharmaceuticals and treatment of patients have also been affected due to changing the sources of imported medicines and raw materials for locally produced pharmaceuticals. Several interventions have been employed during the past few months in Iran to overcome the effects imposed by recent sanctions and drug shortages have been managed to some extent with attempts made by Iran Food and Drug Organization (IRI FDO). As recommended by the experts, a specific Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication line should be allocated for transferring money for medicines and medical devices and certain financial institutions are assigned for this purpose. It is also suggested that defining a white list of Iranian pharmaceuticals and medical device companies together with their foreign counterparts would facilitate this process. It appears that, in a public health prospective, ordinary people and patients are hurt and paying the cost for current sanctions. It remains the responsibility of the public health and international communities to separate public health from politics and to ease the pain of public from sanctions.

  13. 40 CFR 52.32 - Sanctions following findings of SIP inadequacy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanctions following findings of SIP inadequacy. 52.32 Section 52.32 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... following findings of SIP inadequacy. For purposes of the SIP revisions required by § 51.120, EPA may make...

  14. 40 CFR 52.32 - Sanctions following findings of SIP inadequacy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions following findings of SIP inadequacy. 52.32 Section 52.32 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... following findings of SIP inadequacy. For purposes of the SIP revisions required by § 51.120, EPA may make...

  15. 77 FR 48461 - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Farm Bill of 2008 Retailer Sanctions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ... V and related Notice (48 FR 29115), this Program is excluded from the scope of Executive Order 12372...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service 7 CFR Parts 278 and 279 RIN 0584-AD88 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Farm Bill of 2008 Retailer Sanctions AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service...

  16. 37 CFR 11.20 - Disciplinary sanctions; Transfer to disability inactive status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...; Transfer to disability inactive status. 11.20 Section 11.20 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED..., Investigations, and Proceedings § 11.20 Disciplinary sanctions; Transfer to disability inactive status. (a) Types... circumstances. (c) Transfer to disability inactive status. The USPTO Director, after notice and opportunity...

  17. 37 CFR 11.20 - Disciplinary sanctions; Transfer to disability inactive status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...; Transfer to disability inactive status. 11.20 Section 11.20 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED..., Investigations, and Proceedings § 11.20 Disciplinary sanctions; Transfer to disability inactive status. (a) Types... practitioner take and pass a professional responsibility examination. (c) Transfer to disability...

  18. 76 FR 76046 - Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ... approval of revisions to the San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District (SJVUAPCD or... Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District (``SJVUAPCD'' or ``District'') Rules 2020 (Exemptions) and... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, San Joaquin Valley Unified...

  19. 78 FR 894 - Interim Final Determination To Stay Sanctions, Imperial County Air Pollution Control District

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-07

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination To Stay Sanctions, Imperial County Air Pollution... of revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD) portion of the California...- line instructions. 2. Email: steckel.andrew@epa.gov . 3. Mail or deliver: Andrew Steckel (Air-4),...

  20. 76 FR 45199 - Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-28

    ... of revisions to the San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District (SJVUAPCD) portion of... Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, San Joaquin Valley Unified...

  1. 48 CFR 6101.33 - Ex parte contact; sanctions and other proceedings [Rule 33].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Ex parte contact; sanctions and other proceedings . 6101.33 Section 6101.33 Federal Acquisition Regulations System CIVILIAN BOARD... expert/consultant retained by them or their attorneys, must obey directions and orders prescribed by...

  2. Do Accountability Policy Sanctions Influence Teacher Motivation? Lessons from Chicago's Low-Performing Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finnigan, Kara S.; Gross, Betheny

    2007-01-01

    The federal No Child Left Behind Act and previous performance-based accountability policies are based on a theoretical assumption that sanctions will motivate school staff to perform at higher levels and focus attention on student outcomes. Using data from Chicago, this article draws on expectancy and incentive theories to examine whether…

  3. An Analysis of Sanctions and Respective Psychiatric Diagnoses in Veterans' Court.

    PubMed

    Johnson, R Scott; Graham, David P; Sikes, Kristi; Nelsen, Andrea; Stolar, Andrea

    2015-06-01

    This descriptive analysis is an examination of the extent to which a veteran's mental health diagnosis or the initial criminal charge committed before program enrollment relate to a greater propensity for sanctions, harsher sanctions, higher rates of relapse on substances, or overall program compliance. This is a retrospective descriptive analysis that focuses on those participants in the Harris County (Texas) Veterans' Court Program from June 2010 through April 2012 for whom the court had issued sanctions. The most clinically relevant association (p = .014) was found between veterans with substance use relapse and subsequent discharge from the program. Furthermore, the following four infractions were associated with a subsequent jail sanction: unexcused absence (p = .014), failure to complete a task (p = .010), substance use relapse (p = .001), and missing a hearing (p = .012). Given these findings, veterans with relapses in substance use during the course of the program are at greatest risk of noncompletion of the program and may represent a subpopulation of veterans who require greater or different types of assistance.

  4. Impact of sanctions on procurement of medicine and medical devices in Iran; a technical response.

    PubMed

    Hosseini, Seyed Alireza

    2013-12-01

    Following recent sanctions on foreign trade, financial and banking services, Iran has faced major difficulties for importing medicines (both finished products and pharmaceutical raw materials) and medical devices. Problems with money transfer have made it extremely lengthy in time to import medicine and medical devices and these have negatively affected access to and affordability of medicines. Quality of pharmaceuticals and treatment of patients have also been affected due to changing the sources of imported medicines and raw materials for locally produced pharmaceuticals. Several interventions have been employed during the past few months in Iran to overcome the effects imposed by recent sanctions and drug shortages have been managed to some extent with attempts made by Iran Food and Drug Organization (IRI FDO). As recommended by the experts, a specific Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication line should be allocated for transferring money for medicines and medical devices and certain financial institutions are assigned for this purpose. It is also suggested that defining a white list of Iranian pharmaceuticals and medical device companies together with their foreign counterparts would facilitate this process. It appears that, in a public health prospective, ordinary people and patients are hurt and paying the cost for current sanctions. It remains the responsibility of the public health and international communities to separate public health from politics and to ease the pain of public from sanctions. PMID:24329148

  5. Leading under Sanction: Principals' Perceptions of Threat Rigidity, Efficacy, and Leadership in Underperforming Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daly, Alan J.; Der-Martirosian, Claudia; Ong-Dean, Colin; Park, Vicki; Wishard-Guerra, Alison

    2011-01-01

    No Child Left Behind (NCLB) was passed to ensure that 100 percent of students would be proficient by 2014. Progress toward that goal is measured annually and results suggest that while some schools improve, increasing numbers are identified as in need of improvement (INI) and are subject to sanctions. We examined perceived levels of threat…

  6. 15 CFR 744.20 - License requirements that apply to certain sanctioned entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... unless specifically authorized on the Entity List. (c) Licensing policy. Applications to export, reexport... Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT... certain sanctioned entities. BIS may impose, as foreign policy controls, export, reexport, and...

  7. 15 CFR 744.19 - Licensing policy regarding persons sanctioned pursuant to specified statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS CONTROL POLICY: END-USER AND END-USE BASED § 744.19 Licensing policy regarding persons sanctioned pursuant to specified statutes. Notwithstanding any other licensing policy... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Licensing policy regarding...

  8. 78 FR 10554 - Interim Final Determination To Stay and Defer Sanctions, Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-14

    ... information may be publicly available only at the hard copy location (e.g., copyrighted material, large maps...'' and ``our'' refer to EPA. I. Background On July 20, 2011 (76 FR 43183), we published a limited... Federal sanctions and imposes no additional requirements. Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR...

  9. Did It Work? Examining the Impact of an Alcohol Intervention on Sanctioned College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oswalt, Sara B.; Shutt, Michael D.; English, Erin; Little, Shay Davis

    2007-01-01

    Universities often conduct alcohol interventions for individuals who have violated institutional, local, or state laws. Few of these programs have been evaluated thoroughly. This study examined the impact of a 10-hour alcohol education course on 400 college students whose attendance was required as part of a judicial sanction. The…

  10. 15 CFR 744.19 - Licensing policy regarding persons sanctioned pursuant to specified statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Licensing policy regarding persons sanctioned pursuant to specified statutes. 744.19 Section 744.19 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS...

  11. 42 CFR 401.719 - Monitoring and sanctioning of qualified entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Availability of Medicare Data for Performance Measurement § 401.719 Monitoring and sanctioning of qualified entities. (a) CMS will monitor and assess the performance of qualified entities and their contractors using the...

  12. 42 CFR 401.719 - Monitoring and sanctioning of qualified entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Availability of Medicare Data for Performance Measurement § 401.719 Monitoring and sanctioning of qualified entities. (a) CMS will monitor and assess the performance of qualified entities and their contractors using the...

  13. 42 CFR 401.719 - Monitoring and sanctioning of qualified entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Availability of Medicare Data for Performance Measurement § 401.719 Monitoring and sanctioning of qualified entities. (a) CMS will monitor and assess the performance of qualified entities and their contractors using the...

  14. 76 FR 20959 - Policy for the Assessment of Civil Administrative Penalties and Permit Sanctions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-14

    ... fair and consistent manner; (2) penalties and permit sanctions are appropriate for the gravity of the... reflective of the gravity of the violation and the culpability of the violator and adjustments to the initial... specific violation; and (2) an additional amount added to the base penalty to recoup the proceeds of...

  15. 31 CFR 561.201 - CISADA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 544, will have the tags “ ” at the end of its entry on the SDN List...) (“CISADA”), as amended by the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Pub. L....

  16. 31 CFR 561.201 - CISADA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 544, will have the tags “ ” at the end of its entry on the SDN List...) (“CISADA”), as amended by the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Pub. L....

  17. 28 CFR 68.23 - Motion to compel response to discovery; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...; sanctions. 68.23 Section 68.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING... case of failure to comply with a subpoena, the Administrative Law Judge may also take the...

  18. 48 CFR 6101.33 - Ex parte contact; sanctions and other proceedings [Rule 33].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ex parte contact; sanctions and other proceedings . 6101.33 Section 6101.33 Federal Acquisition Regulations System CIVILIAN..., and any expert/consultant retained by them or their attorneys, must obey directions and...

  19. 17 CFR 12.407 - Satisfaction of reparation award; enforcement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Satisfaction of reparation... Satisfaction of reparation award; enforcement; sanctions. (a) Satisfaction of reparation award—(1) Where... satisfaction of an award (as prescribed in paragraph (a) or (b) of this section) expires, file with...

  20. 17 CFR 12.407 - Satisfaction of reparation award; enforcement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Satisfaction of reparation... Satisfaction of reparation award; enforcement; sanctions. (a) Satisfaction of reparation award—(1) Where... satisfaction of an award (as prescribed in paragraph (a) or (b) of this section) expires, file with...

  1. When Rewards and Sanctions Fail: A Case Study of a Primary School Rule-Breaker

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Ruth

    2008-01-01

    UK schools commonly employ a behavioral discipline method comprising rules, rewards awarded when children follow the rules and sanctions when children break them. To date, this approach has had only limited success in halting classroom disruption (Render, Padilla and Krank, 1989; Riley & Rustique-Forrester, 2002; Gutherson & Pickard, 2006). This…

  2. 12 CFR 19.192 - Sanctions relating to conduct in an adjudicatory proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... failure to comply: (1) Constitutes contemptuous conduct; (2) Materially injures or prejudices another... improper action or failure to act. (c) Procedure for imposition of sanctions. (1) Upon the motion of any... party or a party's representative to respond orally immediately after the act or inaction covered...

  3. 77 FR 61652 - Determination by the Secretary of State Relating to Iran Sanctions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Determination by the Secretary of State Relating to Iran Sanctions AGENCY: Department of State. This notice is...-81), as amended by the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act (Pub. L. 112-158), that as...

  4. 76 FR 62607 - Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Reporting Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-11

    ... ] report this information to FinCEN upon receiving a specific written request from FinCEN. \\7\\ See 76 FR... Financial Crimes Enforcement Network 31 CFR Part 1060 RIN 1506-AB12 Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Reporting Requirements AGENCY: Financial Crimes Enforcement Network...

  5. Hospitalizations for Students with an Alcohol-Related Sanction: Gender and Pregaming as Risk Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmed, Rimsha; Hustad, John T. P.; LaSalle, Linda; Borsari, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether pregaming (ie, drinking prior to a social event) is a risk factor for hospitalization. Participants: Participants (N = 516) were undergraduate students with an alcohol-related sanction. Methods: Participants completed a survey about alcohol use, as well as behaviors and experiences,…

  6. 24 CFR 941.501 - HUD review of PHA performance; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) Notwithstanding 24 CFR 941.205(c), 24 CFR 941.402(a) and 24 CFR 85.36(g), submit to HUD documents for prior... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false HUD review of PHA performance; sanctions. 941.501 Section 941.501 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND...

  7. 24 CFR 941.501 - HUD review of PHA performance; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Notwithstanding 24 CFR 941.205(c), 24 CFR 941.402(a) and 24 CFR 85.36(g), submit to HUD documents for prior... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false HUD review of PHA performance; sanctions. 941.501 Section 941.501 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  8. 42 CFR 438.730 - Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the manner that is the basis for the recommended sanction; (3) May extend the initial 15-day period... explanation of why it needs additional time; (ii) the request is received by CMS before the end of the initial... situations: (i) If a CMS determination that an MCO has acted or failed to act, as described in paragraphs...

  9. 31 CFR 561.203 - NDAA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... with the Central Bank of Iran or a designated Iranian financial institution, consistent with section... Foreign Assets Control's Web site (www.treasury.gov/ofac) on the Iran Sanctions page, and published in the... financial institution that is not for the purchase of petroleum or petroleum products from Iran. (2)...

  10. 42 CFR 423.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. 423.750 Section 423.750 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG...

  11. 78 FR 38782 - Lifting of Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Proliferation Sanctions Against Chinese Entities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-27

    ... These restrictions were imposed on July 9, 2002 (see Volume 67 FR Public Notice 4071). Dated: June 21... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Lifting of Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Proliferation Sanctions Against Chinese Entities...

  12. 78 FR 9768 - Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation Imposition of Missile Sanctions on Two...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-11

    ...) Denial of all U.S. Government contracts relating to MTCR Annex items with the sanctioned entities. These... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Bureau..., Department of State (202-647-4930). On U.S. Government procurement ban issues, Eric Moore, Office of...

  13. 31 CFR 561.201 - CISADA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... pursuant to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferators Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 544, will have... Corps or any of its agents or affiliates)— (i) To acquire or develop weapons of mass destruction or delivery systems for weapons of mass destruction; or (ii) To provide support for organizations...

  14. 44 CFR 17.635 - Reporting of and employee sanctions for convictions of criminal drug offenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reporting of and employee sanctions for convictions of criminal drug offenses. 17.635 Section 17.635 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (GRANTS) §...

  15. 78 FR 37719 - Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions; California; South Coast Air Quality Management...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ... approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District's (SCAQMD) portion of the... Quality Management District Proposed Contingency Measures for the 2007 PM 2.5 SIP'' (dated October 2011... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions; California; South Coast Air...

  16. 42 CFR 423.752 - Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... money penalties. 423.752 Section 423.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... money penalties. (a) All intermediate sanctions. For the violations listed in this paragraph (a), CMS...)(1) and (a)(3). (c) Civil money penalties—(1) CMS. In addition to, or in place of, any...

  17. 42 CFR 423.756 - Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... civil money penalties. 423.756 Section 423.756 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... civil money penalties. (a) Notice of intermediate sanction and opportunity to respond—(1) Notice of....509. (e) Notice to impose civil money penalties—(1) CMS notice to OIG. If CMS determines that a Part...

  18. 42 CFR 493.1807 - Additional sanctions: Laboratories that participate in Medicare.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... in Medicare. 493.1807 Section 493.1807 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Enforcement Procedures § 493.1807 Additional sanctions: Laboratories that participate in Medicare. The... CLIA conditions and that have approval to receive Medicare payment for their services. (a)...

  19. 28 CFR 541.4 - Loss of good conduct sentence credit as a mandatory sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Loss of good conduct sentence credit as a mandatory sanction. 541.4 Section 541.4 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT INMATE DISCIPLINE AND SPECIAL HOUSING UNITS Inmate Discipline Program § 541.4 Loss...

  20. 28 CFR 541.4 - Loss of good conduct sentence credit as a mandatory sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Loss of good conduct sentence credit as a mandatory sanction. 541.4 Section 541.4 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT INMATE DISCIPLINE AND SPECIAL HOUSING UNITS Inmate Discipline Program § 541.4 Loss...