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Sample records for economic sanctions military

  1. Economic Sanctions, Military Activity, and Road Traffic Crashes in Vojvodina, Serbia

    PubMed Central

    Ðurić, Predrag; Peek-Asa, Corinne

    2008-01-01

    Objectives Political violence has not been examined as a risk factor for traumatic injuries from road traffic crashes. We identify trends in road traffic crashes related to war-related military activity and international economic sanctions in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia. Methods Overall road traffic crashes and crashes leading to hospitalization and fatality in Vojvodina, Serbia were examined from 1996 through 2001. Rates were calculated per 100,000 population and per 10,000 registered vehicles. Three time periods were examined: years with international sanctions and military activity; years with international sanctions but no military activity; and, years with neither sanctions nor military activity. Results Compared to the period with neither sanctions nor military activity, severe injury crashes were 1.23 times more frequent (95% CI = 1.19 – 1.27) during the period with sanctions and military activity and 1.21 times more frequent (95% CI= 1.16 – 1.27) during the period with sanctions but no military activity. Conclusions Our data suggest that vehicle travel became safer following the end of military action and economic sanctions. Road traffic safety needs to be a priority both during periods of political unrest and its recovery phase. PMID:19074242

  2. Economic Sanctions and Zimbabwe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    of economic sanctions and lessons and criteria for their successful application. It will recount the impacts and effectiveness of the UDI sanctions...impacts and effectiveness of the UDI sanctions, the impact on the government and people of Rhodesia, the region and ultimately the independence of...Rhodesia. The government of Southern Rhodesia made a Unilateral Declaration of Independence ( UDI ) on 11 November 1965 separating itself from Great

  3. Efficacy of Economic Sanctions: North Korea and Iran Case Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-08

    parties. One very successful use of secondary sanctions occurred in December 2009 when the US Treasury settled a $536 million fine with Credit Suisse ...links  Prohibitions on credit , financing, and investment Sanctions can be implemented multilaterally or unilaterally. While Haas noted that...economic sanctions. Does the economic sanction get successful credit , or was it a failure because the sender had to resort to military force? Defining

  4. Economic Sanctions on Iraq: Going Nowhere Fast

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-04-03

    actually strengthen the regime they seek to influence or undermine. Economist Johan Galtung argues that sanctions with severe economic effects could be...34 Galtung says, "sanctions actually foster political cohesion." (Especially in regimes that control the media and suppress political opposition

  5. The health impact of economic sanctions.

    PubMed Central

    Garfield, R.; Devin, J.; Fausey, J.

    1995-01-01

    Embargoes and sanctions are tools of foreign policy. They can induce a decline in economic activity in addition to reducing imports and untoward health effects can supervene, especially among older persons and those with chronic illnesses. Often, violations of the rights of life, health, social services, and protection of human dignity occur among innocent civilians in embargoed nations. This paper examines the effects of embargoes and sanctions against several nations, and calls for studies to determine ways in which economic warfare might be guided by the rule of humanitarian international law, to reduce the effects on civilians. It suggests that the ability to trade in exempted goods and services should be improved, perhaps by establishing uniform criteria and definitions for exemptions, operational criteria under which sanctions committees might function, and methods for monitoring the impact of sanctions on civilian populations in targeted states, particularly with regard to water purity, food availability, and infectious-disease control. Prospective studies are advocated, to generate the data needed to provide better information and monitoring capacity than presently exists. PMID:10101382

  6. The impact of international economic sanctions on Iranian cancer healthcare.

    PubMed

    Shahabi, Shohreh; Fazlalizadeh, Hooman; Stedman, Jennifer; Chuang, Linus; Shariftabrizi, Ahmad; Ram, Regina

    2015-10-01

    In 2012, Iranian's economy collapsed under strain from sanctions instituted to stop Iran from violating the International Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Sanctions have indirectly led to serious healthcare concerns, specifically cancer treatment. This is the first report to evaluate Iranian cancer healthcare while under international economic sanctions. Data and information were identified by searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, and references from relevant articles using the search terms: "Iran", "health policy", "sanctions", "ethics", and "cancer". Articles published in the English language between 1966 and present were included, based on relevance to sanctions or the specific case of sanctions in Iran. The Program of Action for Cancer Therapy evaluated Iran's National Cancer Control Program (NCCP), reporting it has substantial deficits, including prevention, diagnosis/treatment, palliative care, monitoring, and technology, with a serious drug shortage for cancer care. Sanctions have exemptions for medicines and food, but lead to disruption of health services through complications in transportation, transferring currencies or lack of money. There is increasing evidence that sanctions harm vulnerable populations, while blocking globalization and not creating political or social change quickly. Improvement of Iran's NCCP is not feasible, and the health of cancer patients will continue to decline while the sanctions are in effect. The solution is complex, but a modern and innovative approach to diplomacy, which includes human rights, is necessary. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Predicting Actions Taken to Counter Economic Sanctions: An Examination of U.S. Government Financial Data Collection and Its Usefulness in Determining if Foreign Governments Anticipate Economic Sanctions: A Case Study of Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-01

    imposing penalties for non-conformity with the law." (Doxey, 1972, p. 528) Johan Galtung provides the most comprehensive generic definition of sanctions...general telecommunications and transportation links. ( Galtung , 1968, p. 383) Military sanctions run the gamut from a threat to use force, to a regional...directed toward political objectives.. .and are employed in an attempt to achieve political ends by economic means," according to 35 Johan Galtung

  8. 31 CFR 501.606 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs. 501.606 Section 501.606 Money and Finance: Treasury... requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs. The reporting and recordkeeping requirements set forth in this subpart are applicable to economic sanctions programs for which implementation...

  9. 31 CFR 501.606 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs. 501.606 Section 501.606 Money and Finance: Treasury... requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs. The reporting and recordkeeping requirements set forth in this subpart are applicable to economic sanctions programs for which implementation...

  10. 31 CFR 501.606 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs. 501.606 Section 501.606 Money and Finance: Treasury... requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs. The reporting and recordkeeping requirements set forth in this subpart are applicable to economic sanctions programs for which implementation...

  11. 31 CFR 501.606 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs. 501.606 Section 501.606 Money and Finance: Treasury... requirements applicable to economic sanctions programs. The reporting and recordkeeping requirements set forth in this subpart are applicable to economic sanctions programs for which implementation and...

  12. Economic Sanctions Targeting Yugoslavia - An Effective National Security Strategy Component

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT Economic Sanctions Targeting Yugoslavia – An Effective National Security Strategy Component by COL Charles J. Kacsur...Jr. U.S. Army Dr. Clayton K. S. Chun Project Advisor The views expressed in this academic research paper are those of the author and do not...National Security Strategy Component 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Charles Kacsur; 5d. PROJECT

  13. 31 CFR 501.808 - License application and other procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs. 501.808 Section 501.808 Money and Finance: Treasury... procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs. Upon submission to the Office of Management and Budget..., the license application and other procedures set forth in this subpart are applicable to economic...

  14. Economic Sanctions and the U.S. National Interest.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-12-01

    many other forms a sanction may take. A. TYPES OF SANCTIONS Sanctions may, according to Johan Galtung , 2 8 , be of a diplomatic, communication, or...compliance is also considered a reason for failure. Johan Galtung postulates that the critical variable in the success of a sanction is the vul...Reference to the UN and Southern Africa, International Organization, (Summer 1972): 528. 26 Johan Galtung , "On the Effects of International Eco- nomic

  15. The Impact of War and Economic Sanction on the Incidence of Retinopathy of Prematurity in Serbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mladenovich, Derek; Langeggen, Irene

    2009-01-01

    This study compared the distribution of various types of visual impairments among Serbian children who were born prior to the imposed economic sanctions and wars of the 1990s in the former Yugoslavia to that of children who were born during the years of economic sanctions and active war. (Contains 2 tables.)

  16. 31 CFR 501.808 - License application and other procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs. 501.808 Section 501.808 Money and Finance: Treasury... procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs. Upon submission to the Office of Management and Budget..., the license application and other procedures set forth in this subpart are applicable to...

  17. 31 CFR 501.808 - License application and other procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs. 501.808 Section 501.808 Money and Finance: Treasury... procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs. Upon submission to the Office of Management and Budget..., the license application and other procedures set forth in this subpart are applicable to...

  18. 31 CFR 501.808 - License application and other procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs. 501.808 Section 501.808 Money and Finance: Treasury... procedures applicable to economic sanctions programs. Upon submission to the Office of Management and Budget..., the license application and other procedures set forth in this subpart are applicable to...

  19. Economic Conditions of Military Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and…

  20. Unlearned History: The Ineffectual Application of U.S. Broad Economic Sanctions Against Syria

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-30

    by sanctions has increased poverty , unemployment, inflation , and led to Presidents Assad’s reduction and tailoring of government services. 49 The...fundamentally due to the high cost of compliance required of Syrian leaders, external third party support sustaining the Syrian government, and the Syrian...government’s ability to internally shift sanction impacts away from supporters. BACKGROUND The success rate of economic sanctions writ large has been

  1. Economic sanctions as human rights violations: reconciling political and public health imperatives.

    PubMed Central

    Marks, S P

    1999-01-01

    The impact of economic sanctions on civilians has frequently been studied by public health specialists and specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). This commentary explores some of the difficulties of the claim that sanctions constitute violations of human rights. The deprivation suffered by civilian populations under sanctions regimes often are violations of economic, social, and cultural human rights; however, the attribution of responsibility for those violations to the "senders" of sanctions (the UN Security Council or the US government, for example) is difficult to sustain, particularly in light of the efforts made by these entities to provide for humanitarian exemptions and humanitarian aid. A more productive approach to avoiding civilian harm is to prefer, as a matter of policy, arms embargoes, severing of communications, and international criminal prosecutions over trade embargoes. Promising recommendations have been formulated regarding "smart sanctions," which target regimes rather than people, and "positive sanctions" in the form of incentives. Health and human rights professionals have specific and important tasks in implementing such a restructured approach to sanctions. PMID:10511832

  2. 76 FR 56866 - Bureau of Economic, Energy and Business Affairs; Persons on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ... of Economic, Energy and Business Affairs; Persons on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran... Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note) (``ISA''), as amended by the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-195) (``CISADA''),...

  3. The impact of economic sanctions on health and human rights in Haiti, 1991-1994.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, E; Garfield, R

    1999-10-01

    This report examines the impact of an economic embargo from 1991 to 1994 on health, well-being, and human rights in Haiti. Data from surveillance systems for nutrition, reportable diseases, and hospital diagnoses were combined with survey data and interviews with affected women, governmental representatives, diplomats, and staff of nongovernmental organizations. Changes included declining income, rising unemployment, poorer nutrition, declining infant mortality, rising mortality among 1- to 4-year-olds, decreased attention to children's well-being and education, and family breakdown. Survival strategies among poor Haitians included changed dietary habits, informal-sector economic activity, moving in with relatives, selling domestic goods, increased informal unions among couples, decreased school attendance, and indentured servitude among children. The implementation of economic sanctions in Haiti resulted in extensive violations of rights; the impact was greatest on the most disadvantaged Haitians. Many Haitian and international supporters of democracy were unaware of the extensive negative impact that sanctions could have. The impact continues now, 5 years after sanctions ended. Modified policies reduced some of the burden of sanctions, and international assistance prevented what otherwise might have become a humanitarian disaster during sanctions.

  4. The impact of economic sanctions on health and human rights in Haiti, 1991-1994.

    PubMed Central

    Gibbons, E; Garfield, R

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This report examines the impact of an economic embargo from 1991 to 1994 on health, well-being, and human rights in Haiti. METHODS: Data from surveillance systems for nutrition, reportable diseases, and hospital diagnoses were combined with survey data and interviews with affected women, governmental representatives, diplomats, and staff of nongovernmental organizations. RESULTS: Changes included declining income, rising unemployment, poorer nutrition, declining infant mortality, rising mortality among 1- to 4-year-olds, decreased attention to children's well-being and education, and family breakdown. Survival strategies among poor Haitians included changed dietary habits, informal-sector economic activity, moving in with relatives, selling domestic goods, increased informal unions among couples, decreased school attendance, and indentured servitude among children. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of economic sanctions in Haiti resulted in extensive violations of rights; the impact was greatest on the most disadvantaged Haitians. Many Haitian and international supporters of democracy were unaware of the extensive negative impact that sanctions could have. The impact continues now, 5 years after sanctions ended. Modified policies reduced some of the burden of sanctions, and international assistance prevented what otherwise might have become a humanitarian disaster during sanctions. PMID:10511830

  5. The effect of economic sanctions on the mortality of Iraqi children prior to the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

    PubMed

    Daponte, B O; Garfield, R

    2000-04-01

    This study examined the effect of sanctions on mortality among Iraqi children. The effects of economic sanctions on health are not well known. Past studies on the effect of economic sanctions on mortality have suffered from unreliable data sources and the collinearity of sanctions with other negative economic events. We overcame these weaknesses by using individual child records from a retrospective survey of mothers conducted after the 1991 Persian Gulf War to examine the effect of sanctions on mortality among Iraqi children. Multivariate proportional hazards analysis was used to assess the effect of economic sanctions prior to war (from August through December 1990). We found that after controlling for child and maternal characteristics, when economic sanctions were entered into the proportional hazards equation, the risk of dying increased dramatically. This increase was highly significant statistically. Innovative application of robust epidemiologic research tools can contribute to assessments of health and well-being even under the methodological and practical constraints of comprehensive economic sanctions, but more research is needed.

  6. The effect of economic sanctions on the mortality of Iraqi children prior to the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

    PubMed Central

    Daponte, B O; Garfield, R

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of sanctions on mortality among Iraqi children. METHODS: The effects of economic sanctions on health are not well known. Past studies on the effect of economic sanctions on mortality have suffered from unreliable data sources and the collinearity of sanctions with other negative economic events. We overcame these weaknesses by using individual child records from a retrospective survey of mothers conducted after the 1991 Persian Gulf War to examine the effect of sanctions on mortality among Iraqi children. Multivariate proportional hazards analysis was used to assess the effect of economic sanctions prior to war (from August through December 1990). RESULTS: We found that after controlling for child and maternal characteristics, when economic sanctions were entered into the proportional hazards equation, the risk of dying increased dramatically. This increase was highly significant statistically. CONCLUSIONS: Innovative application of robust epidemiologic research tools can contribute to assessments of health and well-being even under the methodological and practical constraints of comprehensive economic sanctions, but more research is needed. PMID:10754968

  7. A news media analysis of economic sanction effects on access to medicine in Iran

    PubMed Central

    Kheirandish, Mehrnaz; Rashidian, Arash; Bigdeli, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    Objective: In the past decades economic sanctions have been used by different countries or international organizations in order to deprive target countries of some transactions. While the sanctions do not target health care systems or public health structures, they may, in fact, affect the availability of health care in target countries. In this study, we used media analysis to assess the impacts of recent sanctions imposed by the Central Bank of Iran in 2012 on access to medicines in Iran. Methods: We searched different sources of written news media including a database of nonspecialized weeklies and magazines, online news sources, web pages of daily newspapers and healthcare oriented weeklies from 2011 to 2013. We searched the sources using the general term “medicine” to reduce the chances of missing relevant items. The identified news media were read, and categorized under three groups of items announcing “shortage of medicines,” “medicines related issues” and “no shortage.” We conducted trend analyzes to see whether the news media related to access to medicines were affected by the economic sanctions. Findings: A total number of 371 relevant news media were collected. The number of news media related to medicines substantially increased in the study period: 30 (8%), 161 (43%) and 180 (49%) were published in 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. While 145 (39%) of media items referred to the shortage of medicines, 97 (26%) reported no shortage or alleviating of concerns. Conclusion: Media analysis suggests a clear increase in the number of news media reporting a shortage in Iran after the sanctions. In 2013, there were accompanying increases in the number of news media reporting alleviation of the shortages of medicines. Our analysis provides evidence of negative effects of the sanctions on access to medicines in Iran. PMID:26645026

  8. A news media analysis of economic sanction effects on access to medicine in Iran.

    PubMed

    Kheirandish, Mehrnaz; Rashidian, Arash; Bigdeli, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    In the past decades economic sanctions have been used by different countries or international organizations in order to deprive target countries of some transactions. While the sanctions do not target health care systems or public health structures, they may, in fact, affect the availability of health care in target countries. In this study, we used media analysis to assess the impacts of recent sanctions imposed by the Central Bank of Iran in 2012 on access to medicines in Iran. We searched different sources of written news media including a database of nonspecialized weeklies and magazines, online news sources, web pages of daily newspapers and healthcare oriented weeklies from 2011 to 2013. We searched the sources using the general term "medicine" to reduce the chances of missing relevant items. The identified news media were read, and categorized under three groups of items announcing "shortage of medicines," "medicines related issues" and "no shortage." We conducted trend analyzes to see whether the news media related to access to medicines were affected by the economic sanctions. A total number of 371 relevant news media were collected. The number of news media related to medicines substantially increased in the study period: 30 (8%), 161 (43%) and 180 (49%) were published in 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. While 145 (39%) of media items referred to the shortage of medicines, 97 (26%) reported no shortage or alleviating of concerns. Media analysis suggests a clear increase in the number of news media reporting a shortage in Iran after the sanctions. In 2013, there were accompanying increases in the number of news media reporting alleviation of the shortages of medicines. Our analysis provides evidence of negative effects of the sanctions on access to medicines in Iran.

  9. Effectiveness of United StatesLed Economic Sanctions as a Counterproliferation Tool Against Irans Nuclear Weapons Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    current need to enrich uranium to generate nuclear energy because of a 10-year Russian agreement to provide enriched uranium to Iran for its reactor at...UNITED STATES–LED ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AS A COUNTERPROLIFERATION TOOL AGAINST IRAN’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM by Joel S. Millwee December...LED ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AS A COUNTERPROLIFERATION TOOL AGAINST IRAN’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Joel S. Millwee

  10. Economic Returns to Military Service

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-07-01

    the literature.10 His results call into question the advertising appeal of the military as "a great place to start." lne Wain conclusion of Angrist... Barry T., "Veteran Status as a Screening Device during the Vietnam Era," Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 66, No. 1, March 1985, pp. 79-89. Berger, Mark...C. and Hirsch, Barry T., "The Civilian Earnings Experience of Vietnam-Era Vets", The Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 28, No. 4, 1983, pp. 455-479

  11. Political dynamics of economic sanctions: a case study of Arab oil embargoes

    SciTech Connect

    Daoudi, M.S.

    1981-01-01

    The general question is considered of the effectiveness of economic sanctions in international politics, in terms of the Arabs' use of oil as a political weapon in 1956, 1967, and 1973. Chapter 3 focuses on the impact of the interruption of oil supplies to Western Europe throughout the 1956 Suez crisis. By 1967, pressure on the conservative governing elites of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Libya, and the Gulf Sheikdoms obliged these states to join Iraq and Algeria in imposing production cutbacks and an embargo. Yet the conservative regimes' ties to the West, and the control exerted by multinational oil corporations over all phases of their oil industry, insured that the embargo was not enforced. Chapter 4 explains historically how, by the late 1960s, relinquishment of old concessions, nationalization acts, and participation agreements had caused a decline in the multinationals' domination of the oil industry. The rise of OPEC and OAPEC, which by 1970 had united and organized the producing governments, channeled their demands, and created an international forum for their political grievances, is discussed. Chapter 5 considers how by 1973 international and Arab political developments had forced states like Saudi Arabia, which had sought to dissociate oil and politics, to unsheathe the oil weapon and wave it in the faces of their Western allies. The author concludes from analysis of these complex cases that scholarship has exaggerated the inefficacy of sanctions. The effectiveness of sanctions is seen to depend upon how the demands are formulated and presented and to what extent they can be negotiated, as well as upon the sociopolitical, cultural, and psychological characteristics of the target population.

  12. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 501 - Economic Sanctions Enforcement Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... Sanctions History: the Subject Person's sanctions history, including OFAC's issuance of prior penalties... (including settlements). As a general matter, OFAC will only consider a Subject Person's sanctions history... accounts opened via the Internet). Limited number of funds transfers for customers and...

  13. Drug adherence of patients with epilepsy in Iran: the effects of the international economic sanctions.

    PubMed

    Asadi-Pooya, Ali A; Tavana, Bita; Tavana, Bahareh; Emami, Mehrdad

    2016-06-01

    Drug adherence of patients with epilepsy was investigated to determine the reasons behind poor adherence. In this retrospective chart review study, all patients with a clinical diagnosis of epilepsy were recruited at the outpatient epilepsy clinic at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. We routinely asked about the patient's drug adherence and reasons behind poor drug adherence in every office visit. We defined drug adherence adequate if the patient reported less than or equal to one missed dose per month. Patients' drug adherences were investigated during two time periods: March 2010-2011 (before intensification of the international economic sanctions against Iran), and September 2012-2013 (during intensified international economic sanctions). One hundred and ninety-nine patients were studied. Drug adherence was satisfactory in 139 patients (69.8 %) during the first time period. Drug adherence was satisfactory in 146 patients (73.4 %) during the second time period. The most common reasons for poor drug adherence was carelessness, followed by cost and lack of drug availability (1.5 % in the first time period and 4 % in the second time period; P = 0.07). About one-third of patients with epilepsy had poor drug adherence. To overcome the problem, it is important to find the reasons behind poor drug adherence in each patient and try to overcome the cause. Purely from a clinical and patient care perspective, it seems necessary that politicians should facilitate decisions that make the health and well-being of ordinary people more affordable and without hardship.

  14. A review of pharmaceutical policies in response to economic crises and sanctions

    PubMed Central

    Kheirandish, Mehrnaz; Rashidian, Arash; Kebriaeezade, Abbas; Cheraghali, Abdol Majid; Soleymani, Fatemeh

    2015-01-01

    An economic crisis has been defined as a situation in which the scale of a country's economy becomes smaller in a period of time. Economic crises happen for various reasons, including economic sanctions. Economic crises in a country may affect national priorities for investment and expenditure and reduce available resources, and hence may affect the health care sector including access to medicines. We reviewed the pharmaceutical policies that the countries adopted in order to mitigate the potential negative effects on access to medicines. We reviewed published reports and articles after conducting a comprehensive search of the PubMed and the Google Scholar. After extracting relevant data from the identified articles, we used the World Health Organization (WHO) access to medicines framework as a guide for the categorization of the policies. We identified a total of 40 studies, of which 10 reported the national pharmaceutical policies adopted to reduce the negative impacts of economic crises on access to medicines in high-income and middle-income countries. We identified 89 policies adopted in the 11 countries and categorized them into 12 distinct policy directions. Most of the policies focused on financial aspects of the pharmaceutical sector. In some cases, countries adopted policies that potentially had negative effects on access to medicines. Only Italy had adopted policies encompassing all four accesses to medicine factors recommended by the WHO. While the countries have adopted many seemingly effective policies, little evidence exists on the effectiveness of these policies to improve access to medicines at a time of an economic crisis. PMID:26312250

  15. A review of pharmaceutical policies in response to economic crises and sanctions.

    PubMed

    Kheirandish, Mehrnaz; Rashidian, Arash; Kebriaeezade, Abbas; Cheraghali, Abdol Majid; Soleymani, Fatemeh

    2015-01-01

    An economic crisis has been defined as a situation in which the scale of a country's economy becomes smaller in a period of time. Economic crises happen for various reasons, including economic sanctions. Economic crises in a country may affect national priorities for investment and expenditure and reduce available resources, and hence may affect the health care sector including access to medicines. We reviewed the pharmaceutical policies that the countries adopted in order to mitigate the potential negative effects on access to medicines. We reviewed published reports and articles after conducting a comprehensive search of the PubMed and the Google Scholar. After extracting relevant data from the identified articles, we used the World Health Organization (WHO) access to medicines framework as a guide for the categorization of the policies. We identified a total of 40 studies, of which 10 reported the national pharmaceutical policies adopted to reduce the negative impacts of economic crises on access to medicines in high-income and middle-income countries. We identified 89 policies adopted in the 11 countries and categorized them into 12 distinct policy directions. Most of the policies focused on financial aspects of the pharmaceutical sector. In some cases, countries adopted policies that potentially had negative effects on access to medicines. Only Italy had adopted policies encompassing all four accesses to medicine factors recommended by the WHO. While the countries have adopted many seemingly effective policies, little evidence exists on the effectiveness of these policies to improve access to medicines at a time of an economic crisis.

  16. Neural responses to sanction threats in two-party economic exchange

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jian; Xiao, Erte; Houser, Daniel; Montague, P. Read

    2009-01-01

    Sanctions are used ubiquitously to enforce obedience to social norms. However, recent field studies and laboratory experiments have demonstrated that cooperation is sometimes reduced when incentives meant to promote prosocial decisions are added to the environment. Although various explanations for this effect have been suggested, the neural foundations of the effect have not been fully explored. Using a modified trust game, we found that trustees reciprocate relatively less when facing sanction threats, and that the presence of sanctions significantly reduces trustee's brain activities involved in social reward valuation [in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC), lateral orbitofrontal cortex, and amygdala] while it simultaneously increases brain activities in the parietal cortex, which has been implicated in rational decision making. Moreover, we found that neural activity in a trustee's VMPFC area predicts her future level of cooperation under both sanction and no-sanction conditions, and that this predictive activity can be dynamically modulated by the presence of a sanction threat. PMID:19805382

  17. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-21

    secondary sanctions (sanctions on foreign firms) that have been imposed because of Iran’s support for terrorism , its human rights abuses, its...Iran-Owned Assets .......................................................... 3 Sanctions for Iran’s Support for Terrorism and Destabilizing Regional...Activities ......................... 3 Sanctions Triggered by Terrorism List Designation: Ban on U.S. Aid, Arms Sales, Dual-Use Exports, and

  18. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-18

    Iran’s support for terrorism , its human rights abuses, its interference in specified countries in the region, and its missile and advanced conventional...2 Sanctions for Iran’s Support for Terrorism and Destabilizing Regional Activities ......................... 3 Sanctions Triggered by Terrorism ...13224 Sanctioning Terrorism -Supporting Entities ......................................... 5 Executive Orders Sanctioning Iran’s Involvement in Iraq

  19. [Economic problems in military public health].

    PubMed

    Petrov, G M; Moretskiĭ, A A

    2000-03-01

    There are discussed the problems of military treatment and prophylactic institution (TPI) functioning under conditions of market reform of Russian public health. Main marketing concepts in military health are determined and some recommendations on work improvement in TPI of the Armed Forces in the system of obligatory medical insurance are presented, granting population paid medical services. It is necessary to form a new type of director--military and medical manager.

  20. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-09

    of Iran are UBS and Credit Suisse (Switzerland), HSBC (Britain), Germany’s Commerzbank A.G and Deutsche Bank AG. U.S. pressure has reportedly...The available sanctions the President can select from (Section 6) include: (1) denial of Export-Import Bank loans, credits , or credit guarantees...expand the definition of sanctionable entities to official credit guarantee agencies, such as France’s COFACE and Germany’s Hermes, and to financial

  1. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-09

    are UBS and Credit Suisse (Switzerland), HSBC (Britain), Germany’s Commerzbank A.G and Deutsche Bank AG. U.S. pressure has reportedly convinced...select from (Section 6) include (1) denial of Export-Import Bank loans, credits , or credit guarantees for U.S. exports to the sanctioned entity; (2...on September 26, 2008)— would have (1) expanded the definition of sanctionable entities to official credit guarantee agencies, such as France’s

  2. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-07

    resource-center/sanctions/Documents/tar2010. pdf . 3 http://global.factiva.com/hp/printsavews.aspx?pp=Print&hc=Publication. Iran Sanctions Congressional...funds the sale to Iran of Indian wheat, pharmaceuticals, rice , sugar, soybeans, auto parts, and other products. Still, there is a large trade...UAE firm, Golden Crown Petroleum FZE, told the author in April 2011 that, as of June 29, 2010, it no longer leases vessels for the purpose of

  3. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-26

    and Sudan). • In April 2000, the trade ban was further eased to allow U.S. importation of Iranian nuts , dried fruits, carpets, and caviar. Financing...vote of 12-2 (Turkey and Brazil ), with one abstention (Lebanon). (Iranian entities and persons sanctioned by the United Nations are in Table 6...Tusan Block Petrobras ( Brazil ) $178 million No Iran Sanctions Congressional Research Service 50 Date Field/Project Company(ies)/Status (If Known

  4. Economics of Defense - The Soviet Military Budget.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    1981. His career began at - Vurtsmith AFB, Michigan in 1972 as a Management Analysis Officer in the Comptroller career field. He was then assigned to HQ...Japan and the U. S. in high technology development and that the Soviet economic output is actually declining (7:36). These issues and more are causing...after WVII began to decline. Due to poor capital investment, a command economy, and poor resource development, the world is now seeing the maturity of

  5. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-11-16

    Corporations Say Business With Tehran Will Be Curbed,” New York Times , March 11, 2010. 73 Peter Baker, “U.S. and Foreign Companies Feeling Pressure to...finalized on July 14, 2015, provides Iran broad relief from U.S., U.N., and multilateral sanctions on Iran’s energy, financial, shipping, automotive

  6. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-14

    U.S. and Foreign Companies Feeling Pressure to Sever Ties With Iran,” New York Times , April 24, 2010. 74 In September 2011, the Commerce Department...finalized on July 14, 2015, provides Iran broad relief from U.S., U.N., and multilateral sanctions on Iran’s energy, financial, shipping, automotive

  7. 77 FR 59034 - Persons on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-25

    ... on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 AGENCY: Bureau of Economic... Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note) (``ISA''), as amended by the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-195) (22 U.S.C....

  8. Addressing the impact of economic sanctions on Iranian drug shortages in the joint comprehensive plan of action: promoting access to medicines and health diplomacy.

    PubMed

    Setayesh, Sogol; Mackey, Tim K

    2016-06-08

    providing Iran relief from the international economic sanctions regime. This specifically includes advocating for the application of "health diplomacy" in ongoing multilateral negotiations following commencement of "implementation day," by advocating for an additional set of reform measures incorporated into this historic negotiation that will finally address the humanitarian and medical crisis of drug shortages in Iran.

  9. North Korea: Economic Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-10-17

    Proliferation Activities Under U.S. Law Effective Date/Cite North Korean Entity Possible Trading Partner (cited insame finding) Activity/Statute March 6...iii), EAA CRS-30 Effective Date/Cite North Korean Entity Possible Trading Partner (cited insame finding) Activity/Statute April 6, 2000 (65 F.R. 20239...Cite North Korean Entity Possible Trading Partner (cited insame finding) Activity/Statute July 25, 2003 (68 F.R. 44136) Changgwang Sinyong Corporation

  10. 2004 Defense Economics Conference: Informing the Debate on Military Compensation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    I N S T I T U T E F O R D E F E N S E A N A L Y S E S IDA Document D-3075 2004 Defense Economics Conference: Informing the Debate on Military...Compensation Speakers/Panel Members: Richard P. Burke William J. Carr David S . C. Chu Vern Clark Michael L. Dominguez Gordon R. England Glenn A. Gotz...Szemborski can’t be here because I think this room would remind him of his days on submarines. We’ll send him a note by Blackberry to say we’re all feeling

  11. The Privatisation of Military Force: Economic Virtues, Vices and Government Responsibility

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    0 The Privatisation of Military Force: Economic Virtues , Vices and Government Responsibility ERIC FREDLAND Professor. Department of Economics...COVERED 00-00-1999 to 00-00-1999 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Privatisation of Military Force: Economic Virtues , Vices and Government Responsibility...vehicle shipping service for civilian and military personnel has resulted in more vehicles arriving on time, according to program managers’.5 Do

  12. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-23

    Iran Sanctions Congressional Research Service 9 • Petroleos de Venezuela (reportedly reached a September 2009 deal to supply Iran with gasoline...investment. State Department officials told CRS in November 2009 that projects involving Iran and Venezuela appeared to fall into the category of...2012 South Pars gas field (September 2009) Petroleos de Venezuela S.A.; 10% stake in venture $760 million Abadan refinery Upgrade and expansion

  13. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-19

    2 http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Documents/tar2010. pdf . 3 http://global.factiva.com/hp...local currency, the rupee, to settle 45% of its sales to India. That local account funds the sale to Iran of Indian wheat, pharmaceuticals, rice , sugar...according to U.S. State Department officials on May 24, 2011 A UAE firm, Golden Crown Petroleum FZE, told the author in April 2011 that, as of June 29

  14. Nonproliferation Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    inter- national transfers. The buyers and sellers in those transfers are creat- ing third-party consequences: reduced security for the rest of the...the United States and the sanc- tionee. Voluntary exchange improves the lot of both the buyer and the seller. Sanctions that interfere with such...China or Russia is a seller or Egypt, India, Pakistan, or Saudi Arabia is a buyer -the U.S. gov- ernment is faced with a conflict between the priority

  15. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-11

    regulations were eased to allow U.S. importation of Iranian nuts , fruit products (such as pomegranate juice), carpets, and caviar. Trade financing was...a vote of 12-2 (Turkey and Brazil ), with one abstention (Lebanon). (Iranian entities and persons under U.N. sanctions are in Table 5.) A summary of...http://www.reuters.com/article/ idUSN0317110720090703.) Petrobras ( Brazil ) $178 million No production October 2004 Yadavaran (oil) Formal

  16. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-07

    Service 22 • Import Ban. In April 2000, the trade ban was further eased to allow U.S. importation of Iranian nuts , fruit products (such as...Turkey and Brazil ), with one abstention (Lebanon). (Iranian entities and persons under U.N. sanctions are in Table 6.) Resolution 1929:47 • added...article/ idUSN0317110720090703.) Petrobras ( Brazil ) $178 million No production October 2004 Yadavaran (oil) Formal start of development of the

  17. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-28

    Iranian nuts , dried fruits, carpets, and caviar. Financing was permitted for U.S. importers of these goods. The United States was the largest market for...of 12-2 (Turkey and Brazil ), with one abstention (Lebanon). (Iranian entities and persons sanctioned by the United Nations are in Table 6.) The main...Gas Market Trends, April 6, 2009; “Brazil’s Petrobras Sees Few Prospects for Iran Oil,” Petrobras ( Brazil ) $178 million No production Iran

  18. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-18

    executive order in April 2000 to allow U.S. importation of Iranian nuts , fruit products (such as pomegranate juice), carpets, and caviar. The...Sanctions Congressional Research Service 33 9, 2010, by a vote of 12-2 (Turkey and Brazil ), with one abstention (Lebanon). (Iranian entities and...Petrobras Sees Few Prospects for Iran Oil,” (http://www.reuters.com/article/ idUSN0317110720090703.) Petrobras ( Brazil ) $178 million No production

  19. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-16

    Iran (and Cuba and Sudan). • In April 2000, the trade ban was further eased to allow U.S. importation of Iranian nuts , fruit products (such as...2 (Turkey and Brazil ), with one abstention (Lebanon). (Iranian entities and persons sanctioned by the United Nations are in Table 7.) Resolution...Sees Few Prospects for Iran Oil,” (http://www.reuters.com/article/ idUSN0317110720090703.) Petrobras ( Brazil ) $178 million No production October

  20. An Economic Analysis of Military Family Housing: Should the Government Continue to Privatize?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING : SHOULD THE GOVERNMENT CONTINUE TO PRIVATIZE? THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of...ANALYSIS OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING : SHOULD THE GOVERNMENT CONTINUE TO PRIVATIZE? Chad A. Woods, B.S. Captain, USAF...Providing military family housing has always been a difficult task for the United States government . To solve the latest housing short fall

  1. 78 FR 45283 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for Fourth Quarter FY 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for Fourth Quarter FY 2013 In... following interest rate is effective for Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans approved on or...

  2. Expeditionary Economics: A Future Resource for Military Planners?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    Patterson, "Revisiting a School of Military Government: How Reanimating a World War II-Era Institution Could Professionalize Military Nation Building...34Revisiting a School of Military Government: How Reanimating a World War II-Era Institution Could Professionalize Military Nation Building", 10-15... Reanimating a World War II-Era Institution Could Professionalize Military Nation Building." Kauffman Foundation Research Series: Expeditionary

  3. Entrepreneurial Expeditionary Economics and the United States Military. Right Task, Wrong Tool?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    British Army School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas AY 2011-02 Approved...ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORG REPORT School of Advanced Military Studies NUMBER 250 Gibbon Avenue Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-2134 9. SPONSORING I...expeditionary economics into a new approach to the successful delivery of aid? This study explores whether the military is the right actor to deliver

  4. 78 FR 65416 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for First Quarter FY 2014

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for First Quarter FY 2014 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512, the following interest rate is effective for Military...

  5. 77 FR 46550 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Fourth Quarter FY 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Fourth Quarter FY 2012 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512, the following interest rate is effective for Military...

  6. 77 FR 4854 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Second Quarter FY 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Second Quarter FY 2012 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512, the following interest rate is effective for Military...

  7. 77 FR 71668 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for First Quarter FY 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for First Quarter FY 2013 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512, the following interest rate is effective for Military...

  8. 77 FR 25010 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for Third Quarter FY 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans Interest Rate for Third Quarter FY 2012 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512, the following interest rate is effective for Military...

  9. 78 FR 5555 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Second Quarter FY 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Second Quarter FY 2013 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512, the following interest rate is effective for Military...

  10. 78 FR 26680 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Third Quarter FY 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Third Quarter FY 2013 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512, the following interest rate is effective for Military...

  11. 76 FR 66769 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for First Quarter FY 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for First Quarter FY 2012 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512, the following interest rate is effective for Military...

  12. Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-05

    immediately designated Putin as prime minister and continued Putin’s policies. In August 2008, the Medvedev-Putin “tandem” directed military operations...Russia’s deployment of military forces to Ukraine’s Crimea region at the end of February 2014. President Obama canceled plans to attend a G-8 (Group of...suspended planned military -to- military contacts, and the Administration and Congress explored sanctions against Russia. Russian Political, Economic

  13. Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

  14. Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

  15. Peacetime Military Engagement: A Framework for Policy Criteria

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-08-01

    maintained by a number of security systems ranging from private markets to over management by the major powers. This latter concept of a "managed peace...Support for diplomacy, economic and intermediation, and political claims Markets sanctions Armed military and/or pre-military Diplomacy, intermediation...Custom% OASD(C31). rule, reduce 1969 combat/deter Servrce , FBI. OUSD(P). DSAA. flow of drugs drug trafficking Coast Guard. DISA. JCS, into United INS. USIA

  16. Economic analysis of the military health professions scholarship program for neurosurgeons.

    PubMed

    Ragel, Brian T; Klimo, Paul; Grant, Gerald A; Taggard, Derek A; Nute, David; McCafferty, Randall R; Ellenbogen, Richard G

    2011-09-01

    The 4-year military Health Professions Scholarship Program (HPSP) provides funds for medical school tuition, books, and a monthly stipend in exchange for a 4-year military commitment (to receive all physician bonuses, an additional 3 months must be served). To analyze the economics of the HPSP for students with an interest in neurosurgery by comparing medical school debt and salaries of military, academic, and private practice neurosurgeons. Salary and medical school debt values from the American Association of Medical Colleges, salary data from the Medical Group Management Association, and 2009 military pay tables were obtained. Annual cash flow diagrams were created to encompass 14.25 years that spanned 4 years (medical school), 6 years (neurosurgical residency), and the first 4.25 years of practice for military, academic, and private practice neurosurgeons. A present value economic model was applied. Mean medical school loan debt was $154,607. Mean military (adjusted for tax-free portions), academic, and private practice salaries were $160,318, $451,068, and $721,458, respectively. After 14.25 years, the cumulative present value cash flow for military, academic, and private practice neurosurgeons was $1 193 323, $2 372 582, and $3 639 276, respectively. After 14.25 years, surgeons with medical student loans still owed $208 761. The difference in cumulative annual present value cash flow between military and academic and between military and private practice neurosurgeons was $1,179,259 and $2,445,953, respectively. The military neurosurgeon will have little to no medical school debt, whereas the calculated medical school debt of a nonmilitary surgeon was approximately $208,000.

  17. 75 FR 62439 - The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ...-00006] The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This is a notice of the Military..., and the Military Reservist and Veteran Small Business Reauthorization Act of 2008, this notice...

  18. Designing Military Pay. Contributions and Implications of the Economics Literature

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    organizations. However, detailed knowledge of a particular weapon system may be a skill that has its greatest application in the military. Training is...implicitly, how to manage them within levels. In their model incentives are managed aaoss levels by a promotion system based on performance. Within a level...DfOens Reerch Institute 94-22941 94 7 21 059 The research described in this report was sponsored by the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Force Management

  19. The Economic Cost of Soviet Military Manpower Requirements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    precision what the costs to the Soviet economy that stem from the curtailment of student deferments might be. One factor may be measured: skilled man...Hillinck performed valuable and skill - ful research assistance. Any remaining errors are the sole responsibil- ity of the author. CONTENTS PREFACE...ISSUES IN MILITARY MANPOWER DEM AND .............................. 38 The Demand for Skilled Manpower ............... .38 Effect of Manpower Drawoffs on

  20. Bridging the Economic Development Gap: Establishing a Practical Military Expeditionary Economics Continuum

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-05

    How Reanimating a World War II-Era Institution could Professionalize Military Nation Building (Kansas City, MO: Kauffman Foundation for...Government: How Reanimating a World War II-Era Institution Could Professionalize Military Nation Building. Kansas City, MO: Kauffman Foundation for

  1. Military construction program economic analysis manual: Text and appendixes: Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-12-01

    This manual enables the US Air Force to comprehensively and systematically analyze alternative approaches to meeting its military construction requirements. The manual includes step-by-step procedures for completing economic analyses for military construction projects, beginning with determining if an analysis is necessary. Instructions and a checklist of the tasks involved for each step are provided; and examples of calculations and illustrations of completed forms are included. The manual explains the major tasks of an economic analysis, including identifying the problem, selecting realistic alternatives for solving it, formulating appropriate assumptions, determining the costs and benefits of the alternatives, comparing the alternatives, testing the sensitivity of major uncertainties, and ranking the alternatives. Appendixes are included that contain data, indexes, and worksheets to aid in performing the economic analyses. For reference, Volume 2 contains sample economic analyses that illustrate how each form is filled out and that include a complete example of the documentation required. 6 figs., 12 tabs.

  2. 76 FR 44976 - Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Fourth Quarter FY 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ... [Federal Register Volume 76, Number 144 (Wednesday, July 27, 2011)] [Notices] [Page 44976] [FR Doc No: 2011-18897] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loans; Interest Rate for Fourth Quarter FY 2011 In accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations 13--Business Credit and Assistance Sec. 123.512, the...

  3. Economic Development Assistance for Communities Affected by Employment Changes Due to Military Base Closures (BRAC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-16

    Jennifer D. Williams. Economic Development Assistance for Communities Affected by BRAC Congressional Research Service 14 action on the...L. Sternberg and Thomas D. Rowley , “A comparison of military base closures in metro and non-metro counties,” Government Finance Review, October 1993

  4. The Economic Impact of Domestic Military Installations on Regional Economies.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-12-01

    economw assumptionr and (4) zero intercept assumption. lo External Demand Assumption Kew to economic base theorw is the assumption that ’I the growth...Food Stores 88,192 Food and Drink 119,705 Furniture 26,736 Appliances 14,582 Second Hand Apliances 742 Farm Implements 36,975 Farm and Garden Fuppl

  5. The Caribbean: U.S. Economic and Military Interests.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    hill- side in 1967, Cuba stopped trying--for a while.56 It was also during this period that the Cold War began to thaw . With this thaw , better...to last for long as the new govern- ment made increasingly radical changes, including nationalizing hotels, cinemas and industry. As new economic

  6. Long-Term Economic and Military Trends, 1950-2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-04-01

    report was sponsored by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy under RAND’s National Defense Research Institute, a Federally Funded...Terasawa, K. C. Yeh, Benjamin Zycher, Anil Bamezai, Toshiya Hayashi April 1989 Prepared for The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy ...International Economic Policy program. The research was sponsored by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy under the auspices of RAND’s National

  7. Technical and economic assessment of swept-wing span-distributed load concepts for civil and military air cargo transports

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    The feasibility of large freighter aircraft was assessed, including the impact of military requirements on the performance, economics, and fuel consumption characteristics. Only configurations having net payloads of 272,155 to 544,311 kilograms contained within swept wings of constant chord were studied. These configurations were of advanced composite construction with controllable winglets and full-span digitally-controlled trailing-edge surfaces. Civil, military, and joint civil/military production programs were considered.

  8. China’s Military Support Facility in Djibouti: The Economic and Security Dimensions of China’s First Overseas Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-07-01

    paper provides a preliminary look at the origins of China’s military support facility in Djibouti. It explores the evolution of the economic and security...companies an additional incentive to find new markets abroad. OBOR, which Xi unveiled in the fall of 2013, consists of the land- based “Silk Road Economic...The operational responsibilities of China’s military facility in Djibouti are consistent with what we know about the PLA Navy’s mandate to

  9. Cyberbullying: Sanctions or Sensitivity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowie, Helen; Colliety, Pat

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the phenomenon of cyberbullying. The argument here is that, although there is a case for sanctions, schools also have a critical role to play in preventing and reducing cyberbullying through a process of awareness-raising, the education of the emotions and active participation of children and young people themselves.

  10. Ideology or Pragmatism? U.S. Economic Aid, Military Assistance, and Foreign Military Sales: 1950-2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-01

    performed a critical pragmatic role in foreign policy with Ethiopia. Military assistance was used to negotiate with Haile Selassie , the Emperor of...Africa."[28] Immediately after World War II, Haile Selassie requested military assistance from the United States, which was initially denied by the... Selassie made to resource his military would ultimately become a key reason for his demise. In the 1960s and early 1970s, Kagnew gained greater

  11. Sanction Effectiveness in Iran: A Network Optimization Approach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    structure, including its numerous sectors and bonyads, allow it to avoid the worst potential sanction effects. Dr. Reza Aslan , of the Islamic Studies...allowing the leader to consolidate his power and prevent western ideas from entering the country. Aslan contends that if Iran wants nuclear weapons...political and economic reforms (NPR, 2010). Similar to Aslan , Dr. Hassan Hakimian, of the London Middle East Institute, also believes that sanctions

  12. 78 FR 23624 - Removal of Sanctions on Person on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... of Sanctions on Person on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as... in section 5(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note) (``ISA... Management (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended (Pub. L. 104-172) (50...

  13. Expeditionary Economics: The Military’s Role in Conflict-Related Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    their productive capacities and improve their quality of life.”36 JP 3-22 defines U.S. DoD responsibilities in FID as security assistance 24 and...military expediency, and historical military precedent. This examination reveals that while the military has greatly improved the efficacy of its...military precedent. This examination reveals that while the military has greatly improved the efficacy of its development efforts over the past decade

  14. [System of indicators and criteria for assessing the economic effectiveness of military treatment and prevention facilities].

    PubMed

    Chizh, I M; Gabueva, L A

    2003-01-01

    The development of approaches to evaluation of the activity of military treatment-and-prophylactic institutions (TPI) is very important for the structural reorganizations in the RF MD departmental health service, for detection of "the zones of irrational use" of the resources and factors of servicemen' medical support organization. The authors propose the model of using the economic-and-mathematical and statistical methods of information processing concerning the TPI activity that permits to evaluate the possibilities of current modelling of activity indices for TPI ranging. They also show the importance and variation of activity efficiency evaluation in order to construct the horizontal relations at the "market" of medical services. It will contribute to more effective segmentation of policlinic and hospital services rendered the servicemen.

  15. 19 CFR 354.8 - Interim sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the procedures of this section. (e) A person against whom interim sanctions are proposed has a right... appeal a decision on interim sanctions to the APO Sanctions Board, if such an appeal is certified by the...

  16. 19 CFR 354.8 - Interim sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the procedures of this section. (e) A person against whom interim sanctions are proposed has a right... appeal a decision on interim sanctions to the APO Sanctions Board, if such an appeal is certified by the...

  17. The Potential Scope for Use of Private Military Companies in Military Operations: An Historical and Economical Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    Anthony Mockler, The New Mercenaries, (New York: Paragon House, 1987), p. 15. 6 Andre Corvisier, A Dictionary of Military History and the Art of War...final foreign free company on the Italian peninsula was that of the Bretons . Hereafter, the Italian states only employed Italian mercenaries, which...War.80 F. CONDOTTIERI After the defeat of the Bretons in 1380, foreign-born free companies ceased to exist in Italy.81 Hereafter, in an attempt to

  18. Intermediate tax sanctions: an overview.

    PubMed

    Peregrine, M W

    1997-07-01

    New federal tax law applies intermediate tax sanctions when tax-exempt organizations enter into so-called excess benefit transactions with corporate insiders. The sanctions take the form of a two-tiered penalty excise tax, which is assessed not on the tax-exempt organization itself but on the insider who receives the excess benefit and the organizational managers and board members who knowingly participate in an improper transaction. The intermediate tax sanctions, therefore, present tax-planning challenges for tax-exempt hospitals and integrated delivery systems as well as for 501(c)(4) HMOs. Forthcoming treasury regulations are expected to add clarity to the new law.

  19. 10 CFR 501.181 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sanctions. 501.181 Section 501.181 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Investigations, Violations, Sanctions and Judicial Actions § 501.181 Sanctions. (a) General. (1) A violation of any provision of the Act...

  20. 10 CFR 501.181 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions. 501.181 Section 501.181 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Investigations, Violations, Sanctions and Judicial Actions § 501.181 Sanctions. (a) General. (1) A violation of any provision of the Act...

  1. 10 CFR 501.181 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Sanctions. 501.181 Section 501.181 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Investigations, Violations, Sanctions and Judicial Actions § 501.181 Sanctions. (a) General. (1) A violation of any provision of the Act...

  2. 10 CFR 501.181 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 501.181 Section 501.181 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Investigations, Violations, Sanctions and Judicial Actions § 501.181 Sanctions. (a) General. (1) A violation of any provision of the Act...

  3. 10 CFR 501.181 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 501.181 Section 501.181 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Investigations, Violations, Sanctions and Judicial Actions § 501.181 Sanctions. Link to an amendment published at 74 FR 66032, Dec. 14...

  4. 29 CFR 1450.31 - Other sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Other sanctions. 1450.31 Section 1450.31 Labor Regulations... UNITED STATES Interest, Penalties, and Administrative Costs § 1450.31 Other sanctions. The sanctions stated in this subpart are not intended to be exclusive. Other sanctions which may be imposed by...

  5. 47 CFR 1.1942 - Other sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Other sanctions. 1.1942 Section 1.1942... United States Interest, Penalties, Administrative Costs and Other Sanctions § 1.1942 Other sanctions. The... impose other sanctions, where permitted by law, for any inexcusable, prolonged, or repeated failure of...

  6. Are Sanctions on Employers Constitutional?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gollobin, Ira

    1988-01-01

    Questions the constitutional validity of employer sanctions used to deter illegal immigration under the Immigration Reform and Control Act. Points out the anomaly of using criminal penalties to deter a civil, administrative violation. (FMW)

  7. Are Sanctions on Employers Constitutional?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gollobin, Ira

    1988-01-01

    Questions the constitutional validity of employer sanctions used to deter illegal immigration under the Immigration Reform and Control Act. Points out the anomaly of using criminal penalties to deter a civil, administrative violation. (FMW)

  8. Two Essays in Applied Economics: Pay-As-You-Go Auto Insurance and Privatized Military Housing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    Housing Privatization Initiative Lessons Learned Program : An Analysis. p. 51. 91 Military housing is now referred to as privatized housing as of 2004...NPS. Military Housing Privatization Initiative Lessons Learned Program : An Analysis. Else, D. H. (2001, July). CRS Report for Congress

  9. Thirty-five-year climatic cycle in heliogeophysics, psychophysiology, military politics, and economics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Halberg, F.; Cornélissen, G.; Sothern, R. B.; Czaplicki, J.; Schwartzkopff, O.

    2010-12-01

    Cycles of about 35 years found in the climate by Brückner and Egeson were aligned with periodic changes in the length of the solar cycle by the Lockyers. The solar-cycle length and climate were subsequently revisited without reference to any cyclicity or those who discovered it. The descriptive statistics of Bruckner and Lockyer were repeatedly questioned and, with notable exceptions, have been forgotten. Bruckner's data, taken from his summary chart, are shown here for the first time inferentially statistically validated as nonstationary (to the point of intermittency) and, as transdisciplinary, extending from meteorology to 2556 years of international battles; to 2189 years of tree rings; to ˜900 years of northern lights; to 400 years of economics; to 173 years of military affairs; and to ˜40 years of helio-, interplanetary- and geomagnetics matching a longitudinal record by a healthy individual who self-measured his heart rate and mental functions (with a 1-min time estimation), among other variables. Space weather, mirrored in the circulation of human blood, can be tracked biologically as a dividend from self-assessed preventive health care including the automatically and ambulatory-recorded heart rate and blood pressure for detecting and treating heretofore ignored vascular variability disorders. A website providing free analyses for anyone (in exchange for their data) could serve any community with computer-savvy members and could start focusing the attention of the population at large on problems of societal as well as individual health. Space weather was found to affect the human cardiovascular system, and it has been supposed that data on space weather can be inversely assimilated from biological self-monitoring data.

  10. Economic Analysis Supporting the Increase of the Unspecified Minor Military Construction Threshold

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    documented in DOD’s Military Construction Pricing Inequities report to Congress in 2008: Military Construction Pricing Inequities The Committee...Navy (WPN). b. Nonappropriated Funds (NAF) NAF consist of cash, investment income , and/or other assets received from sources other than that...public funds from governments other than the United States of America . c. Working Capital Funds Working capital funds are generated locally

  11. Economic Sanctions against the Republic of Panama

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-12

    34Major Merchant Fleets of the World, " The World Almanac and Book of Facts, p. 137. 3. Charles N. Griffin, Panama Update, pp. 4-7. 4. US General...Government Printing Office, 1980. 25. Weinraub, Bernard. "U.S. Sees Failure on Noriega Policy." New York Times, 28 July 1989, p. E23. 26. The World ... Almanac and Book of Facts. New York: Newspaper Enterprise Association, 1990. p. 137: "Major Merchant Fleets of the World." 27

  12. 75 FR 75904 - Global Terrorism Sanctions Regulations; Terrorism Sanctions Regulations; Foreign Terrorist...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Parts 594, 595, and 597 Global Terrorism Sanctions Regulations; Terrorism Sanctions Regulations; Foreign Terrorist Organizations Sanctions Regulations AGENCY: Office of... (``OFAC'') of the U.S. Department of the Treasury is amending the Global Terrorism Sanctions...

  13. 75 FR 73958 - Belarus Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Part 548 Belarus Sanctions Regulations AGENCY: Office of Foreign... Assets Control (``OFAC'') is amending the Belarus Sanctions Regulations (``BSR'') in the Code of Federal... service, tel.: 202/622-0077. Background The Belarus Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 548...

  14. 45 CFR 160.530 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 160.530 Section 160.530 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA STANDARDS AND RELATED REQUIREMENTS GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Hearings § 160.530 Sanctions. The ALJ may sanction a person,...

  15. 42 CFR 3.530 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Sanctions. 3.530 Section 3.530 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Enforcement Program § 3.530 Sanctions. The ALJ may sanction a person...

  16. 45 CFR 160.530 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions. 160.530 Section 160.530 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA STANDARDS AND RELATED REQUIREMENTS GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Hearings § 160.530 Sanctions. The ALJ may sanction a person, including...

  17. 42 CFR 3.530 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions. 3.530 Section 3.530 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Enforcement Program § 3.530 Sanctions. The ALJ may sanction a person...

  18. 42 CFR 3.530 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 3.530 Section 3.530 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Enforcement Program § 3.530 Sanctions. The ALJ may sanction a person...

  19. 45 CFR 160.530 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sanctions. 160.530 Section 160.530 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA STANDARDS AND RELATED REQUIREMENTS GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Hearings § 160.530 Sanctions. The ALJ may sanction a person, including...

  20. 76 FR 35740 - North Korea Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-20

    ... Part 510 North Korea Sanctions Regulations AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION... amending the North Korea Sanctions Regulations to implement Executive Order 13570 of April 18, 2011. OFAC..., the Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control published the North Korea Sanctions...

  1. 38 CFR 42.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanctions. 42.29 Section 42.29 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.29 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  2. 38 CFR 42.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 42.29 Section 42.29 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.29 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  3. Reconstructing the Soviet National Economic Balance, 1965 - 1984: An Alternative Approach to Estimating Soviet Military Expenditures. Volume 2. Compilation of Working Tables

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-03-21

    ECONOMIC BALANCE, 1965-1984: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO ESTIMATING SOVIET MILITARY EXPENDITURESI Volume Ih: Compilation of Working Tables DRAFT DTIC I S0...Final: MARCH 1986 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5 FUNDING NUMBERS RECONSTRUCTING THE SOVIET NATIONAL ECONOMIC BALANCE, 1965-1984: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO...accounts, called the National Economic Balance. for the years 1965-1984. 14. SUBJECT TERMS 15 NUMBER OF PAGES 92 Soviet Union Economy Defense Spending

  4. Military Authoritarian Regimes and Economic Development: The ROK’s Economic Take-Off Under Park Chung Hee

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    compensation. This compensation was used as important funding for South Korea’s economic 69 Byung Chul ...the Korean Peninsula. New York: Praeger, 1977. Koh, Byung Chul . The Foreign Policy Systems of North and South Korea. Berkeley: University of...important role in the process of modernization through manpower 13 Stephan Haggard, Byung -kook Kim

  5. Do We Need Stronger Sanctions to Ensure Legal Compliance By Pharmaceutical Firms?

    PubMed

    Rodwin, Marc A

    2015-01-01

    The increasing number of enforcement lawsuits against pharmaceutical firms and the large size of settlement payments suggest that misconduct is widespread and even risks slipping into the banalities of ordinary business practices. It also raises questions as to whether current sanctions are an effective means to ensure compliance. This article explores the causes of the frequent illegal conduct, why prosecutors rarely use the strongest sanctions in their arsenal--criminal penalties and debarment from participation in public programs--and asks whether the use of the strongest sanctions would be desirable. Prosecutors might not use the strongest penalties available because of divided enforcement authority or because they prefer to seek monetary penalties to support their budgets. Moreover, strong sanctions might be perceived as imposing steep collateral damages on the-general public and being politically costly. If prosecutors are reluctant to impose the strongest possible sanctions, then policymakers need to develop alternative responses. One option is to create stronger economic penalties than the ones that currently exist. Corporations and their managers have incentives to increase their income, and their pursuit of profit sometimes leads these managers to violate the law. To deter illegal conduct, legislation typically allows courts to impose penalties--including fines and incarceration--on convicted individuals and firms. The increasing wide-scale illegal conduct by pharmaceutical firms and their employees over the last two decades prompts three questions. Are current sanctions sufficient? Are stronger sanctions and enforcement policy possible? If so, would they effectively deter harmful illegal conduct?

  6. Effects of Military Development on Economic Growth in North and South Korea, 1945-1980.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-12-01

    expanding arms sales to gain foreign capital , as well as other economic benefits (i.e., secure future oil supplies). 9 Both North and South Korea currently...need foreign capital for economic development. Arms exports are a viable method of obtaining the needed capital . The cash flow into the Koreas from...etc. These investments have a high capital -output ration. There has been forced migration to the cities increasing the demand for housing and public

  7. 78 FR 21183 - Persons on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 and the Iran...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-09

    ... on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 and the Iran Threat... persons have engaged in sanctionable activity described in section 5(a)(8) of the Iran Sanctions Act of...''), that the following persons have engaged in sanctionable activity described in section 212 of the...

  8. 77 FR 4389 - Persons on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-27

    ... on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 AGENCY: Department of State... sanctionable activity described in section 5(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note) (``ISA''), as amended by the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and...

  9. Military Service and Economic Mobility: Evidence from the American Civil War

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    How did geographic and occupational mobility after the Civil War differ between Union Army veterans and nonveterans? By 1880, Union veterans were more likely to migrate to a different state or region than nonveterans. The higher geographic mobility of veterans is likely attributable to their experience of traveling away from their hometowns while in service. Union veterans who held unskilled jobs prior to enlistment were more likely to move up to white-collar or farming jobs by 1880 than unskilled nonveterans. In contrast, unskilled veterans were less likely to become artisans than nonveterans. The differences in occupational mobility by veteran status might be explained by the effects of military experiences such as learning from comrades in the company. PMID:23275679

  10. Will China’s Rise Remain Peaceful? (Military Threat or Economic Competitor)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Malaysia . China has learned that in the name of free trade it can enjoy access to U.S. markets without fully reciprocating. Like Japan, South Korea...China’s economic modernization is a reliance on U.S. markets and foreign direct investments (FDI). In light of this economic interdependence, should the...United States, China is now its 2nd largest trading partner (2006), its 4th largest export market , and its 2nd largest source of imports. Two of the

  11. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  12. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  13. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  14. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  15. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  16. 10 CFR 26.409 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 26.409 Section 26.409 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS FFD Program for Construction § 26.409 Sanctions. Licensees and other... other entity determines that the individual's condition or behavior does not pose a potential risk to...

  17. 15 CFR 764.3 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... other liability, sanction, or penalty available under law. The protective administrative measures that... provisions of law, including 18 U.S.C. 371 (conspiracy), 18 U.S.C. 1001 (false statements), 18 U.S.C. 1341... conduct related to weapons proliferation. Such statutory sanctions are not civil or criminal penalties...

  18. 15 CFR 764.3 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... other liability, sanction, or penalty available under law. The protective administrative measures that... provisions of law, including 18 U.S.C. 371 (conspiracy), 18 U.S.C. 1001 (false statements), 18 U.S.C. 1341... conduct related to weapons proliferation. Such statutory sanctions are not civil or criminal penalties...

  19. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  20. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  1. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  2. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  3. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  4. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition; sanctions...

  5. 49 CFR 661.19 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Sanctions. 661.19 Section 661.19 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.19 Sanctions. A willful refusal to comply with a certification by a...

  6. 49 CFR 661.19 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 661.19 Section 661.19 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.19 Sanctions. A willful refusal to comply with a certification by a...

  7. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding sanctions...

  8. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding sanctions...

  9. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding sanctions...

  10. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding sanctions...

  11. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding sanctions...

  12. 33 CFR 140.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 140.35 Section 140.35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF ACTIVITIES GENERAL General § 140.35 Sanctions. (a) Any person who fails to comply with: (1)...

  13. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  14. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  15. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  16. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  17. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  18. 39 CFR 501.12 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... POSTAGE EVIDENCING SYSTEMS § 501.12 Administrative sanctions. (a) An authorized Postage Evidencing System... Evidencing System for which the provider failed to comply with any provision in § 501.11. The Postal Service... supporting evidence and state with specificity the reasons for which the sanction should not be imposed. (d...

  19. 39 CFR 501.12 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... POSTAGE EVIDENCING SYSTEMS § 501.12 Administrative sanctions. (a) An authorized Postage Evidencing System... Evidencing System for which the provider failed to comply with any provision in § 501.11. The Postal Service... supporting evidence and state with specificity the reasons for which the sanction should not be imposed. (d...

  20. 39 CFR 501.12 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... POSTAGE EVIDENCING SYSTEMS § 501.12 Administrative sanctions. (a) An authorized Postage Evidencing System... Evidencing System for which the provider failed to comply with any provision in § 501.11. The Postal Service... supporting evidence and state with specificity the reasons for which the sanction should not be imposed. (d...

  1. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... speedy, orderly, or fair conduct of the hearing. (b) Any such sanction, including, but not limited...

  2. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... speedy, orderly, or fair conduct of the hearing. (b) Any such sanction, including, but not limited...

  3. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... speedy, orderly, or fair conduct of the hearing. (b) Any such sanction, including, but not limited...

  4. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... speedy, orderly, or fair conduct of the hearing. (b) Any such sanction, including, but not limited...

  5. 42 CFR 1004.20 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sanctions. 1004.20 Section 1004.20 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A...

  6. 42 CFR 1004.20 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Sanctions. 1004.20 Section 1004.20 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A...

  7. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition; sanctions...

  8. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition; sanctions...

  9. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition; sanctions...

  10. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition; sanctions...

  11. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Alternative sanctions. 488.606 Section 488.606 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606...

  12. 43 CFR 34.11 - Enforcement sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Enforcement sanctions. 34.11 Section 34.11 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.11 Enforcement sanctions. The...

  13. Employer Sanctions in Europe. CIS Paper 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Mark J.; Lovell, Malcolm R., Jr.

    This booklet contains two papers on Western European countries' attempt to deal with illegal immigration through employer sanctions. In "Deterrence without Discrimination," Mark J. Miller discusses the sanctions employed by France and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). Evidence from the early years of enforcement reveals that due to…

  14. 10 CFR 26.409 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 26.409 Section 26.409 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS FFD Program for Construction § 26.409 Sanctions. Licensees and other... individual's condition or behavior does not pose a potential risk to public health and safety or the...

  15. 75 FR 67912 - North Korea Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-04

    ... 31 CFR Part 510 North Korea Sanctions Regulations AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury...'') is issuing regulations with respect to North Korea to implement Executive Order 13466 of June 26... issuing the North Korea Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 510 (the ``Regulations''), to implement E.O...

  16. 77 FR 66918 - Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-08

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Part 561 Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations AGENCY: Office... Office of Foreign Assets Control is amending the Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations in order to... account or a payable-through account by a foreign financial institution if the Secretary finds that...

  17. 22 CFR 62.50 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.50 Section 62.50 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Sanctions § 62.50...) of this section. The Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs shall...

  18. 27 CFR 555.185 - Criminal sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal sanctions. 555.185 Section 555.185 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND... Criminal sanctions. Any person who violates the provisions of 18 U.S.C. 842(l)-(o) shall be fined under...

  19. 27 CFR 555.185 - Criminal sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Criminal sanctions. 555.185 Section 555.185 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND... Criminal sanctions. Any person who violates the provisions of 18 U.S.C. 842(l)-(o) shall be fined under...

  20. Effects of Global Economic Conditions on the Thai Military Functions (1980s to Present)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-03-01

    in the future. 119 Rodrik , Dani , "How Far Will International Economic Integration Go?," Journal of...Washington D.C., December 1991. Rodan, Garry, ed., Political Oppositions in Industrialising Asia, New York: Routledge, 1996. Rodrik , Dani , "How Far

  1. Latin American Regional Cooperative Security: Civil-Military Relations and Economic Interdependence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-09-01

    times as many people, and at nearly 40 times the rate per month at war ( Centeno , 121). 11 How can Latin American countries be viewed as unduly...1998. Cason, Jeffrey, “On the Road to Southern Cone Economic Integration,” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Spring 2000. Centeno

  2. The competitive advantage of sanctioning institutions.

    PubMed

    Gürerk, Ozgür; Irlenbusch, Bernd; Rockenbach, Bettina

    2006-04-07

    Understanding the fundamental patterns and determinants of human cooperation and the maintenance of social order in human societies is a challenge across disciplines. The existing empirical evidence for the higher levels of cooperation when altruistic punishment is present versus when it is absent systematically ignores the institutional competition inherent in human societies. Whether punishment would be deliberately adopted and would similarly enhance cooperation when directly competing with nonpunishment institutions is highly controversial in light of recent findings on the detrimental effects of punishment. We show experimentally that a sanctioning institution is the undisputed winner in a competition with a sanction-free institution. Despite initial aversion, the entire population migrates successively to the sanctioning institution and strongly cooperates, whereas the sanction-free society becomes fully depopulated. The findings demonstrate the competitive advantage of sanctioning institutions and exemplify the emergence and manifestation of social order driven by institutional selection.

  3. U.S./European Economic Cooperation in Military and Civil Technology. An Issues-Oriented Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-08-01

    throughout P«ct countries. In the decade ending in 19//» — the 25th anniversary of AA.TO — the Soviet Union achieved nuclear parit> with the United...wesc of the Urals. Taken together, this is an outstanding economic,technological and industrial achievement by the Soviet Union , and its Warsaw...diversity * Unable logistically to support one another Many Americans see the United States locked in a "technological race" with the Soviet Union

  4. Toward Incentives for Military Transformation: A Review of Economic Models of Compensation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    strategically between periods. For example, Courty and Marschke (1997) studied job-training centers operating under the Job Training Partnership Act, which...discretion to decide when the trainees would graduate from the program. Courty and Marschke (1997) found that the training centers would strategically...Journal of Economics, Vol. 118, No. 2, 2003, pp. 519–548. Courty, Pascal, and Gerald Marschke , “Measuring Government Performance: Lessons from a Federal

  5. Syria: effects of conflict and sanctions on public health.

    PubMed

    Sen, Kasturi; Al-Faisal, Waleed; AlSaleh, Yaser

    2013-06-01

    The past 18 months have witnessed considerable turmoil in countries of the MENA region. The Syrian Arab Republic (SAR) is one such country, currently in the midst of a civil war. This report draws attention to some of the recent achievements of its health services, where, despite a dearth of published materials, the country achieved remarkable declines in maternal mortality and infant mortality rates. Its health sector now faces destruction from on-going violence compounded by economic sanctions that has affected access to health care, to medicines and to basic essentials as well as the destruction of infrastructure. This paper draws attention to the achievements of the country's health services and explores some of the consequences of conflict and of sanctions on population health. Readers need to be mindful that the situation on the ground in a civil war can alter on a daily basis. This is the case for Syria with much destruction of health facilities and increasing numbers of people killed and injured. We retain however our focus on the core theme of this paper which is on conflict and on sanctions.

  6. Sanctions and the struggle for health in South Africa.

    PubMed Central

    Coovadia, H M

    1999-01-01

    This commentary describes the role of a major antiapartheid health organization, the National Medical and Dental Association (NAMDA), in reinforcing and maintaining international pressure on the racist South African government. NAMDA was a constituent of the Mass Democratic Movement (MDM), which was at the forefront in the struggle for freedom in South Africa. NAMDA endorsed the programs of the banned African National Congress (ANC), which included a range of sanctions. Debates within NAMDA on enlarging sanctions into an academic boycott are summarized. The development of a policy of selective academic support, which approved academic exchanges in accord with the aims of the MDM, is explained. Indirect evidence shows that international pressures created by specific types of economic sanctions and the forms of academic boycott decided on by NAMDA achieved their objectives. I have highlighted the tension between these strategies, which resulted in the isolation of the apartheid regime, as well as the responsibility to protect the most vulnerable from the burdens that resulted from these policies. PMID:10511831

  7. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit sanctions...

  8. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit sanctions...

  9. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit sanctions...

  10. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit sanctions...

  11. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit sanctions...

  12. 75 FR 55462 - Iraqi Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-13

    ... Web site ( http://www.treas.gov/ofac ). Certain general information pertaining to OFAC's sanctions... products, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Specially designated nationals, Terrorism, Travel... Treasury. Approved: September 2, 2010. Stuart A. Levey, Under Secretary, Office of Terrorism and...

  13. 13 CFR 134.219 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Rules of Practice for Most Cases § 134.219 Sanctions. A Judge may impose... harassment; (d) Submits false statements knowingly, recklessly, or with deliberate disregard for the truth...

  14. 43 CFR 4.831 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Special Procedural Rules Applicable to Practice and Procedure for Hearings, Decisions, and Administrative... the Interior-Effectuation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Procedures § 4.831 Sanctions....

  15. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  16. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  17. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  18. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  19. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure...

  20. 38 CFR 41.225 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... action using sanctions such as: (a) Withholding a percentage of Federal awards until the audit is... the audit is conducted; or (d) Terminating the Federal award. (Authority: Pub. L. 104-156; 110 Stat...

  1. U.S. Sanctions on Burma

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-16

    messenger, medic, guard, or sex slave.” 13 The list of countries subject to sanction under the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 is required to be...provision of food, including monetization of food, or medicine; and assistance for refugees . Additionally, U.S. assistance subject to sanction under...assistance under Chapter 8 of Part II of the FAA; assistance for refugees ; humanitarian and other development assistance in support of NGO programs under

  2. 75 FR 62916 - Persons and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ... and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 AGENCY... Intertrade Company (NICO) has engaged in a sanctionable investment described in section 5(a)(1) of the Iran... enactment of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010...

  3. 76 FR 18821 - Persons and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-05

    ... and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 AGENCY... engaged in a sanctionable investment described in section 5(a)(1) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (ISA... section 5(a) of the ISA, as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Comprehensive...

  4. 78 FR 35351 - Persons on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Pursuant to the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-12

    ... on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Pursuant to the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended, and...) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note) (``ISA''), as amended, and...(a)(ii) of Executive Order 13622--Authorizing Additional Sanctions With Respect to Iran, and...

  5. Sanctions, War, Occupation and the De-Development of Education in Iraq

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Santisteban, Agustin Velloso

    2005-01-01

    In August 1990, the United Nations Security Council imposed economic sanctions on Iraq. These ended in May 2003. In that same month, in which the war launched by Coalition Forces against Iraq ended, the country has been under occupation. The education system, one of the best in the Arab world 15 years ago, has been seriously affected by both the…

  6. Sanctions, War, Occupation and the De-Development of Education in Iraq

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Santisteban, Agustin Velloso

    2005-01-01

    In August 1990, the United Nations Security Council imposed economic sanctions on Iraq. These ended in May 2003. In that same month, in which the war launched by Coalition Forces against Iraq ended, the country has been under occupation. The education system, one of the best in the Arab world 15 years ago, has been seriously affected by both the…

  7. Reconstructing the Soviet National Economic Balance, 1965 - 1984: An Alternative Approach to Estimating Soviet Military Expenditures. Volume 1. Technical Discussion

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-03-11

    based method of estimating military expenditures differs3 considerably from the method by proposed Western researchers who, like Soviet 1-9 I I academic... researchers , the problem of inflation would still be open to competing interpretations since one can design different, equally valid methods , for...I-1 1.2 Comparison of Soviet Accounting Methods ......................................... 1-4 1.3 The NEB Coverage of Military Expenditures

  8. Secular trend of infant mortality rate during wars and sanctions in Western Iraq.

    PubMed

    Al-Ani, Zaid R; Al-Hiali, Sahar J; Al-Farraji, Hussain H

    2011-12-01

    To study the infant mortality rate (IMR) trend during wars and sanction periods in Western Iraq. Data collected from the birth and death certificates of Haditha Health Vital Statistics Center, Haditha city (80,000 population), Western Iraq, included name, age, gender, residence, and infant's place and date of births and deaths, in 5 different sanction and war stages of the country from 1987 to 2010, in a study period from July to December, 2010. The IMRs were analyzed and compared between these stages and with other studies. The IMR of last 2 years of the Iraq-Iran war (1980-1988) was 35.6/1000 and 33.8/1000, this decreased in the war free period (1989-1990) to 28.6/1000, then increased during the sanction period (1991-2003) to 46/1000 in 2002, decreased to 16/1000 in 2006 during no sanctions but increased violence, then increased to 24.5/1000 in 2010. Approximately two-thirds of deaths occurred during the neonatal period, and one third in the post neonatal periods. Males had higher IMR than females, and rural residence higher than urban. Economic sanctions increased IMR more than wars or violence in Haditha city. When compared with other parts of Iraq, and despite the different conflicts that faced the country during the 24 studied years, Haditha had a lower IMR, however, this was still higher than developed, and many developing countries.

  9. 76 FR 78958 - Bureau of Political Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-20

    ... items having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights, and arms control... items having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights, and arms control... these items having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights, and arms control...

  10. Military Psychology.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    TRANSLATIONS, MILITARY TRAINING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PERCEPTION( PSYCHOLOGY ), PERSONALITY , COMMUNISM, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS....MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , *TEXTBOOKS, USSR, ORGANIZATIONS, COMBAT READINESS, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REASONING, SURVEYS

  11. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the sanctions...

  12. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of permit...

  13. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of permit...

  14. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of permit...

  15. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of permit...

  16. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of permit...

  17. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented in...

  18. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented in...

  19. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented in...

  20. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented in...

  1. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented in...

  2. 45 CFR 2554.37 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 2554.37... there sanctions for misconduct? (a) The ALJ may sanction a person, including any party or representative... prosecute or defend an action; or (3) Engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy,...

  3. 48 CFR 25.703-2 - Iran Sanctions Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Iran Sanctions Act. 25.703... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.703-2 Iran Sanctions Act. (a) Certification—(1) Certification relating to activities described in section 5 of the Iran Sanctions Act. As required by section 6...

  4. 48 CFR 25.703-2 - Iran Sanctions Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Iran Sanctions Act. 25.703... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.703-2 Iran Sanctions Act. (a) Certification. (1) As required by the Iran Sanctions Act, unless an exception applies or a waiver is granted in...

  5. 48 CFR 25.703-2 - Iran Sanctions Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Iran Sanctions Act. 25.703... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.703-2 Iran Sanctions Act. (a) Certification. (1) As required by the Iran Sanctions Act, unless an exception applies or a waiver is granted in...

  6. 48 CFR 25.703-2 - Iran Sanctions Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Iran Sanctions Act. 25.703... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.703-2 Iran Sanctions Act. (a) Certification—(1) Certification relating to activities described in section 5 of the Iran Sanctions Act. As required by section 6...

  7. 48 CFR 25.703-2 - Iran Sanctions Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Iran Sanctions Act. 25.703... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.703-2 Iran Sanctions Act. (a) Certification. (1) As required by the Iran Sanctions Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 note), unless an exception applies in...

  8. 27 CFR 555.185 - Criminal sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Criminal sanctions. 555.185 Section 555.185 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE EXPLOSIVES COMMERCE IN EXPLOSIVES Marking of Plastic Explosives § 555.185...

  9. 27 CFR 555.185 - Criminal sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Criminal sanctions. 555.185 Section 555.185 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE EXPLOSIVES COMMERCE IN EXPLOSIVES Marking of Plastic Explosives § 555.185...

  10. Immigration Reform: An Analysis of Employer Sanctions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Estevan T.; And Others

    Recent immigration legislation has potential impacts on migrant education and Mexican American education. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 was passed after nine years of intense debate. The heart of so-called immigration reform is employer sanctions, which seek to restrict migration to the United States by prohibiting employers from…

  11. 24 CFR 570.708 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Sanctions. 570.708 Section 570.708 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  12. 24 CFR 200.430 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 200.430 Section 200.430 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  13. 19 CFR 356.18 - Interim sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Interim sanctions. 356.18 Section 356.18 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Violation of a Protective Order or a...

  14. 14 CFR § 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... noncompliance may be caused for termination of funding or support. (b) NASA Field Installations. (1... NASA ACTIVITIES (Eff. until 2-14-14) § 1232.107 Sanctions. (a) Non-NASA Institutions. Principal investigators not employed by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal...

  15. 13 CFR 134.219 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Rules of Practice § 134.219 Sanctions. (a) A Judge may impose appropriate... harassment; (4) Submits false statements knowingly, recklessly, or with deliberate disregard for the truth... prejudice; (3) Suspending counsel from practice before OHA; (4) Filing a complaint with the applicable State...

  16. 24 CFR 941.616 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING DEVELOPMENT Public/Private Partnerships for the Mixed Finance Development of Public Housing Units § 941.616 Sanctions. In the event the public housing units that are proposed to be developed under...

  17. 24 CFR 941.616 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING DEVELOPMENT Public/Private Partnerships for the Mixed Finance Development of Public Housing Units § 941.616 Sanctions. In the event the public housing units that are proposed to be developed under...

  18. 24 CFR 941.616 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 941.616 Section 941.616 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING DEVELOPMENT...

  19. 24 CFR 941.616 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 941.616 Section 941.616 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING DEVELOPMENT...

  20. Can Self-Esteem Sanction Morality?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meriwether, Nicholas K.

    2003-01-01

    Suggests that sanctions based on emotional well-being or self-esteem are insufficient for motivating moral behavior and ultimately are reduced to hedonism. Argues this is also the case in the hypothetical event that all moral action results in heightened self-esteem and all immoral actions results in lower self-esteem. (CAJ)

  1. 39 CFR 955.34 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 955.34 Section 955.34 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE BEFORE THE POSTAL SERVICE BOARD OF CONTRACT... attorney, the standards include the rules of professional conduct and ethics of the jurisdictions in which...

  2. 41 CFR 105-70.029 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 105-70.029 Section 105-70.029 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration...

  3. Immigration Reform: An Analysis of Employer Sanctions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Estevan T.; And Others

    Recent immigration legislation has potential impacts on migrant education and Mexican American education. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 was passed after nine years of intense debate. The heart of so-called immigration reform is employer sanctions, which seek to restrict migration to the United States by prohibiting employers from…

  4. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR...

  5. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR...

  6. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR...

  7. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR...

  8. 19 CFR 207.100 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions. 207.100 Section 207.100 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  9. 19 CFR 207.100 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 207.100 Section 207.100 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  10. 19 CFR 207.100 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 207.100 Section 207.100 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  11. Iranian Sanctions: An Actor-Centric Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    Institution Press, 2003), 205. 33 Ibid., 269. 34 Richard Haass, Meghan L. O’Sullivan, Honey and Vinegar : Incentives, Sanctions, and Foreign Policy...http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2008/RAND_MG771.pdf. Haass, Richard, Meghan L. O’Sullivan, and Brookings Institution. Honey and Vinegar

  12. 29 CFR 99.225 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Secretary of Labor AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 99.225 Sanctions. No audit costs may be charged to Federal awards when audits required by this part have not been... unwillingness to have an audit conducted in accordance with this part, Federal agencies and pass-through...

  13. 7 CFR 3052.225 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 3052.225 Sanctions. No audit costs may be charged to Federal awards when audits required by this part have not been made or... to have an audit conducted in accordance with this part, Federal agencies and pass-through entities...

  14. 76 FR 31470 - Taliban (Afghanistan) Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-01

    ... procedure, Afghanistan, Banks, Banking, Blocking of assets, Foreign investments in the United States... Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Part 545 Taliban (Afghanistan) Sanctions Regulations AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Department of the...

  15. 12 CFR 908.74 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 908.74 Section 908.74 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS RULES OF... verbally immediately after the act or inaction in question is noted by the presiding officer. (3) For...

  16. 12 CFR 1780.74 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 1780.74 Section 1780.74 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT RULES... immediately after the act or inaction in question is noted by the presiding officer. (3) For purposes of...

  17. 39 CFR 501.12 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAGE PROGRAMS AUTHORIZATION TO MANUFACTURE AND DISTRIBUTE POSTAGE EVIDENCING SYSTEMS § 501.12 Administrative sanctions. (a) An authorized Postage Evidencing System... Evidencing System for which the provider failed to comply with any provision in § 501.11. The Postal...

  18. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... for termination of funding or support. (b) NASA Field Installations. (1) Inappropriate procedures on... NASA ACTIVITIES § 1232.107 Sanctions. (a) Non-NASA Institutions. Principal investigators not employed by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  19. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... for termination of funding or support. (b) NASA Field Installations. (1) Inappropriate procedures on... NASA ACTIVITIES § 1232.107 Sanctions. (a) Non-NASA Institutions. Principal investigators not employed by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  20. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... for termination of funding or support. (b) NASA Field Installations. (1) Inappropriate procedures on... NASA ACTIVITIES § 1232.107 Sanctions. (a) Non-NASA Institutions. Principal investigators not employed by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  1. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... for termination of funding or support. (b) NASA Field Installations. (1) Inappropriate procedures on... NASA ACTIVITIES § 1232.107 Sanctions. (a) Non-NASA Institutions. Principal investigators not employed by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  2. 19 CFR 356.18 - Interim sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Interim sanctions. 356.18 Section 356.18 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Violation of a Protective Order or a Disclosure...

  3. 19 CFR 356.18 - Interim sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Interim sanctions. 356.18 Section 356.18 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Violation of a Protective Order or a Disclosure...

  4. 19 CFR 356.18 - Interim sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Interim sanctions. 356.18 Section 356.18 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Violation of a Protective Order or a Disclosure...

  5. 19 CFR 356.18 - Interim sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Interim sanctions. 356.18 Section 356.18 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Violation of a Protective Order or a Disclosure...

  6. Economic analysis of payments required to establish longleaf pine habitat on private lands to facilitate training on military installations

    Treesearch

    J. Viola Glenn; Fred Cubbage; Ron Myers; M. Nils Peterson

    2015-01-01

    Steady population growth, urbanization, increased military presence, and the 2030 completion of two significant “super highway”infrastructure projects stand to fundamentally reshape the landscape in eastern North Carolina and increase pressure on the state’s land-based industries (Marstel-Day 2012). With similar trends occurring throughout rural communities in the...

  7. 76 FR 30505 - Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-25

    ... Order 13574 of May 23, 2011 Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran....C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), the Iran Sanctions... Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-195), and section...

  8. Long-Term Economic and Military Trends 1994-2O15. The United States and Asia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    ESCAP Region, 1960-1990," Journal of Asian Economics , Vol. 5, No. 1,1994. Hildebrandt, Gregory, Joseph Nation, Ku Shin, and Peter Staugaard, RAND...University Press, 1982. Li, Jingwen, "A Comparison of Chinese and U.S. Productivity: Sino- American Economic and Trade Relations," The Journal of Asian Economics , Vol

  9. Military Intervention, Kemalism, and Politics in Turkey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-01

    satisfaction the Sultans derived from military campaign and conquest. The dynasty was at its political and economic apex in periods of military expansion...military defeats at the hands of the Romanov and H~psburp Empires reiniorced the military’s central position. as they were granted special privileges in

  10. Sanctions for research misconduct: a legal perspective.

    PubMed

    Dresser, R

    1993-09-01

    The author discusses the legal principles that could assist in the design and administration of the official response to conduct found to threaten the integrity of the scientific process. The primary emphasis is on the principles that shape decisions about punishment. In the present climate of uncertainty about misconduct, it is difficult to adopt fair and consistent approaches to the selection of sanctions and other remedial actions. Officials have taken a variety of actions in response to unacceptable research behavior. Some federal actions have involved proceedings to recover the offending grant recipients' federal funds, prohibiting them from receiving federal grants or contracts for a set period, terminating or withholding ongoing grant support, and mandating future supervision of the offenders' research conduct; and universities have denied or revoked tenure, required or accepted retirement, and disclosed misconduct findings to potential future employers. Three types of legal remedies seem to have influenced the selection of sanctions in past cases: (1) the quasi-contractual legal remedy of restitution, (2) the philosophy of "just deserts," or retribution, based on the largely intuitive idea that the individual who engages in criminal conduct deserves punishment, and (3) deterrence of misconduct. Each type has a range of considerations and implications, and officials should thoughtfully consider the appropriate role of each, because their selection of sanctions will probably have a significant effect on the research community's perceptions of the system's fairness and efficacy.

  11. U.S. FMS (Foreign Military Sales) and ROK (Republic of Korea) Economic Acquisition of Weapon Systems.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-06-01

    30 2.6 Channels of Request--All Other Foreign Military Sales.6 ................. 31 2.7 Flow of Funds. 9...Tok. COP f ]VO CfOu SeaP ’Govt. Ushum,’ * SOM4ty Ibm-wŜ ka O&Met Ihawn Tw A K I I wat GeV "e Cal PcAW A ’NII Der."a J Gala.. DSAA, Dfn. U SOuatW LA...qualitative increases in flows into these areas. [Ref. 13: pp.2-3] Lastly, in the mid-1980s commercial arms sales began to rival the long- dominant security

  12. 75 FR 62173 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-07

    ..., military, economic, human rights, and arms control considerations. More detailed information is contained... the export of these items having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights, and... account political, military, economic, human rights, and arms control considerations. More detailed...

  13. Economics.

    PubMed

    Palley, Paul D; Parcero, Miriam E

    2016-10-01

    A review of literature in the calendar year 2015 dedicated to environmental policies and sustainable development, and economic policies. This review is divided into these sections: sustainable development, irrigation, ecosystems and water management, climate change and disaster risk management, economic growth, water supply policies, water consumption, water price regulation, and water price valuation.

  14. Learning Networks: Iran and the Effects of Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-27

    sanction effects. Dr. Reza Aslan , of the Islamic Studies Department of the University of California, Riverside, believes that sanctions could prove...enables the Supreme Leader and the IRGC to consolidate power and influence. Aslan contends that if Iran wants nuclear weapons, it will have them. He...reforms ( Aslan , 2010). Similar to Aslan , Dr. Hassan Hakimian, of the London Middle East Institute, also believes that sanctions have not been

  15. Impact of tax sanctions on physician practice acquisitions and employment.

    PubMed

    Hardy, C T; Lyden, S M; Kasmarcak, S J

    1997-07-01

    The intermediate tax sanctions create significant concerns for tax-exempt healthcare organizations that seek to integrate practicing physicians through practice acquisition or employment. The sanctions will force not-for-profit healthcare organizations to examine both the strategic and business implications of the dollars they have committed to practice acquisition and physician employment. The sanctions also should motivate organizations to reexamine their existing physician compensation arrangements, which may be creating negative incentives for practice productivity.

  16. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... privileges, if known; skilled nursing facilities, home health agencies, and health maintenance organizations... QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ORGANIZATION OIG Responsibilities § 1004.110 Notice of sanction. (a) The OIG...

  17. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... privileges, if known; skilled nursing facilities, home health agencies, and health maintenance organizations... QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ORGANIZATION OIG Responsibilities § 1004.110 Notice of sanction. (a) The OIG...

  18. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... privileges, if known; skilled nursing facilities, home health agencies, and health maintenance organizations... QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ORGANIZATION OIG Responsibilities § 1004.110 Notice of sanction. (a) The OIG...

  19. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... privileges, if known; skilled nursing facilities, home health agencies, and health maintenance organizations... QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ORGANIZATION OIG Responsibilities § 1004.110 Notice of sanction. (a) The OIG...

  20. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... privileges, if known; skilled nursing facilities, home health agencies, and health maintenance organizations... QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ORGANIZATION OIG Responsibilities § 1004.110 Notice of sanction. (a) The OIG...

  1. Economics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, L. D.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a literature review of the economic aspects of water pollution control covering publications of 1976-77. This review also includes the policy issues of water management. A list of 77 references is presented. (HM)

  2. Economics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, L. D.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a literature review of the economic aspects of water pollution control covering publications of 1976-77. This review also includes the policy issues of water management. A list of 77 references is presented. (HM)

  3. Making it Work: U.S. Economic Sanctions in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    September 2001. 29 110 Alterman. 111 Alterman. 112 Ingrid Defter De Lupis , The Law of War, LSE Monographs in International Studies (Cambridge: Cambridge...Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, Inc., 1999. 31 De Lupis , Ingrid Defter. The Law of War. LSE Monographs in International Studies. Cambridge

  4. Economic Sanctions: A Failing Instrument of United States Foreign Policy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    Iraq freezes paym•nt of the U.S. portion of its foroign dobt-- sme $2.24 billion. The U.K. and France freeze billions of dollars in Kuwaiti assets...ships will block•rd the Jordanian port of Aqaba to prevent transshipmnt of Iraqi cioeorce. Italy sends ships to the eastern Mediterranean, Moroccan

  5. How Has Saddam Hussein Survived? Economic Sanctions, 1990-1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-08-01

    wheat/barely mix), rice, cooking oil, sugar, tea and some- times other goods, such as chickpeas . These rations haveI provided between 1,200 and 1,750...dinars) or chickpeas (.65 dinars to 2.92 dinars). Prices in late summer 1991 for domestically grown foods were not much higher than April 1989 prices...tellingly, to their hopes and dreams during that brief moment of peace between August 1989 and August 1990. Tough times have undoubtedly aroused rage in

  6. Sanctions, War, Occupation and the De-Development of Education in Iraq

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santisteban, Agustín Velloso De

    2005-01-01

    In August 1990, the United Nations Security Council imposed economic sanctions on Iraq. These ended in May 2003. Ever since that same month, in which the war launched by Coalition Forces against Iraq ended, the country has been under occupation. The education system, one of the best in the Arab world 15 years ago, has been seriously affected by both the sanctions and the war. The present study explores how these factors have reversed previous educational achievements and rendered the education system unable to fulfil its missions. It also shows how continued instability and widespread violence gravely impede the reconstruction of the education system. In sum, while the Iraqis themselves are now responsible, under international law, for deciding on and implementing reconstruction policies, this has still not been taking place under occupation.

  7. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  8. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  9. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  10. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  11. 50 CFR 300.144 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 300.144 Section 300.144 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS United States-Canada Fisheries Enforcement § 300.144 Penalties and sanctions. Any person, any...

  12. 50 CFR 300.144 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 300.144 Section 300.144 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS United States-Canada Fisheries Enforcement § 300.144 Penalties and sanctions. Any person, any...

  13. 50 CFR 300.144 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 300.144 Section 300.144 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS United States-Canada Fisheries Enforcement § 300.144 Penalties and sanctions. Any person, any...

  14. 50 CFR 300.144 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 300.144 Section 300.144 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS United States-Canada Fisheries Enforcement § 300.144 Penalties and sanctions. Any person, any...

  15. 50 CFR 300.144 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 300.144 Section 300.144 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS United States-Canada Fisheries Enforcement § 300.144 Penalties and sanctions. Any person, any...

  16. 24 CFR 902.83 - Sanctions for troubled performer PHAs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions for troubled performer PHAs. 902.83 Section 902.83 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING ASSESSMENT SYSTEM PHAS Incentives and Remedies § 902.83 Sanctions...

  17. 28 CFR 115.176 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in sexual abuse) shall be...

  18. 28 CFR 115.176 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in sexual abuse) shall be...

  19. 28 CFR 115.276 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... for violating agency sexual abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in...

  20. 28 CFR 115.376 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... agency sexual abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in sexual abuse) shall...

  1. 28 CFR 115.376 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... agency sexual abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in sexual abuse) shall...

  2. 28 CFR 115.76 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... violating agency sexual abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in sexual...

  3. 28 CFR 115.76 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... violating agency sexual abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in sexual...

  4. 28 CFR 115.376 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... agency sexual abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in sexual abuse) shall...

  5. 28 CFR 115.76 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... violating agency sexual abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in sexual...

  6. 28 CFR 115.176 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in sexual abuse) shall be...

  7. 28 CFR 115.276 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... for violating agency sexual abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in...

  8. 28 CFR 115.276 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... for violating agency sexual abuse or sexual harassment policies. (b) Termination shall be the presumptive disciplinary sanction for staff who have engaged in sexual abuse. (c) Disciplinary sanctions for violations of agency policies relating to sexual abuse or sexual harassment (other than actually engaging in...

  9. 19 CFR 210.4 - Written submissions; representations; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Written submissions; representations; sanctions... Written submissions; representations; sanctions. (a) Caption; names of parties. The front page of every written submission filed by a party or a proposed party to an investigation or a related proceeding under...

  10. Sanctions for Sex Offenders: Fear and Public Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comartin, Erin B.; Kernsmith, Poco D.; Kernsmith, Roger M.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated public attitudes regarding sex offender sanctions through telephone surveys (n = 703). The greatest support was for residency and work restrictions. There was less support for publication of names in a newspaper, curfews, life in prison, and castration. Support for nonsevere sanctions correlated with socioeconomic status,…

  11. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions. 266... Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.125 Scope and nature of sanctions. (a) Actions by Designated Office. Depending on the nature and extent of the noncompliance with the requirements of this part, the...

  12. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions. 266... Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.125 Scope and nature of sanctions. (a) Actions by Designated Office. Depending on the nature and extent of the noncompliance with the requirements of this part, the...

  13. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions. 266... Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.125 Scope and nature of sanctions. (a) Actions by Designated Office. Depending on the nature and extent of the noncompliance with the requirements of this part, the...

  14. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions. 266... Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.125 Scope and nature of sanctions. (a) Actions by Designated Office. Depending on the nature and extent of the noncompliance with the requirements of this part, the...

  15. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions. 266... Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.125 Scope and nature of sanctions. (a) Actions by Designated Office. Depending on the nature and extent of the noncompliance with the requirements of this part, the...

  16. 42 CFR 403.820 - Sanctions, penalties, and termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... intermediate sanctions continue in effect until CMS is satisfied that the deficiency on which the determination... contracted retail pharmacy network meeting the requirements of § 403.806(f); (ii) Substantial failure to...) The sanction remains in effect until CMS notifies the endorsed sponsor that CMS is satisfied that...

  17. 45 CFR 98.92 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 98.92 Section 98.92 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Monitoring, Non-compliance and Complaints § 98.92 Penalties and sanctions. (a) Upon a...

  18. 45 CFR 98.92 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 98.92 Section 98.92 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Monitoring, Non-compliance and Complaints § 98.92 Penalties and sanctions. (a) Upon a...

  19. 10 CFR 221.37 - Violations and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Violations and sanctions. 221.37 Section 221.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL PRIORITY SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNDER THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT Administrative Procedures and Sanctions § 221.37 Violations...

  20. 10 CFR 221.37 - Violations and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Violations and sanctions. 221.37 Section 221.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL PRIORITY SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNDER THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT Administrative Procedures and Sanctions § 221.37 Violations...

  1. 10 CFR 221.37 - Violations and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Violations and sanctions. 221.37 Section 221.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL PRIORITY SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNDER THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT Administrative Procedures and Sanctions § 221.37 Violations...

  2. 10 CFR 221.37 - Violations and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Violations and sanctions. 221.37 Section 221.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL PRIORITY SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNDER THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT Administrative Procedures and Sanctions § 221.37 Violations...

  3. 10 CFR 221.37 - Violations and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Violations and sanctions. 221.37 Section 221.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL PRIORITY SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNDER THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT Administrative Procedures and Sanctions § 221.37 Violations...

  4. Sanctions for Sex Offenders: Fear and Public Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comartin, Erin B.; Kernsmith, Poco D.; Kernsmith, Roger M.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated public attitudes regarding sex offender sanctions through telephone surveys (n = 703). The greatest support was for residency and work restrictions. There was less support for publication of names in a newspaper, curfews, life in prison, and castration. Support for nonsevere sanctions correlated with socioeconomic status,…

  5. Sanctions Connected to Dress Code Violations in Secondary School Handbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Workman, Jane E.; Freeburg, Elizabeth W.; Lentz-Hees, Elizabeth S.

    2004-01-01

    This study identifies and evaluates sanctions for dress code violations in secondary school handbooks. Sanctions, or consequences for breaking rules, vary along seven interrelated dimensions: source, formality, retribution, obtrusiveness, magnitude, severity, and pervasiveness. A content analysis of handbooks from 155 public secondary schools…

  6. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  7. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards shall...

  8. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards shall...

  9. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards shall...

  10. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards shall...

  11. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards shall...

  12. 33 CFR 160.320 - Sanctions and vessel control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sanctions and vessel control. 160... Sanctions and vessel control. Failure to comply with this subpart will subject the crewmember and operator to a civil penalty under 46 U.S.C. 70119 and the vessel to control under 33 U.S.C. 1223(b)....

  13. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.31 Sanctions: Civil and criminal. (a...

  14. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.31 Sanctions: Civil and criminal. (a...

  15. Sanctions Connected to Dress Code Violations in Secondary School Handbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Workman, Jane E.; Freeburg, Elizabeth W.; Lentz-Hees, Elizabeth S.

    2004-01-01

    This study identifies and evaluates sanctions for dress code violations in secondary school handbooks. Sanctions, or consequences for breaking rules, vary along seven interrelated dimensions: source, formality, retribution, obtrusiveness, magnitude, severity, and pervasiveness. A content analysis of handbooks from 155 public secondary schools…

  16. 40 CFR 1610.2 - Repeated attorney misconduct, sanctions, hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Repeated attorney misconduct, sanctions, hearings. 1610.2 Section 1610.2 Protection of Environment CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE INVESTIGATIONS § 1610.2 Repeated attorney misconduct, sanctions, hearings....

  17. 13 CFR 142.27 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 142.27 Section 142.27 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Provisions § 142.27 Are there sanctions for misconduct? The ALJ...

  18. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section... misconduct? (a) The ALJ may sanction a person, including any party or representative, for failing to comply with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  19. 42 CFR 488.320 - Sanctions for inadequate survey performance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions for inadequate survey performance. 488... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Survey and Certification of Long-Term Care Facilities § 488.320 Sanctions for inadequate...

  20. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a jurisdiction...

  1. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE...

  2. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE...

  3. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE...

  4. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE...

  5. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE...

  6. 45 CFR 98.92 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 98.92 Section 98.92 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Monitoring, Non-compliance and Complaints § 98.92 Penalties and sanctions. (a) Upon a...

  7. 24 CFR 200.1500 - Sanctions against a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions against a MAP lender. 200... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1500 Sanctions against a MAP lender. (a) In addition to...

  8. 24 CFR 200.1500 - Sanctions against a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions against a MAP lender. 200... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1500 Sanctions against a MAP lender. (a) In addition to...

  9. 24 CFR 200.1500 - Sanctions against a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions against a MAP lender. 200... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1500 Sanctions against a MAP lender. (a) In addition to...

  10. 24 CFR 200.1500 - Sanctions against a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions against a MAP lender. 200... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1500 Sanctions against a MAP lender. (a) In addition to...

  11. 24 CFR 200.1500 - Sanctions against a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions against a MAP lender. 200... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1500 Sanctions against a MAP lender. (a) In addition to...

  12. 19 CFR 210.4 - Written submissions; representations; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Written submissions; representations; sanctions... Written submissions; representations; sanctions. (a) Caption; names of parties. The front page of every written submission filed by a party or a proposed party to an investigation or a related proceeding under...

  13. 42 CFR 438.702 - Types of intermediate sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions. 438.702 Section 438.702 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.702 Types of intermediate...

  14. Impact of Military Coups d’etat on West Africa’s Socio-Economic and Political Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-16

    exports: oil is the principle revenue-earner for Nigeria; cocoa and gold are the major exporting commodities of Ghana; several countries have...example, the United Nations’ presence in the Mano River Basin has provided much needed security and has benefited the region in many ways. For...Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), West African countries benefited from the high oil prices in 2010 and revenues from non- oil

  15. Military Intervention in Intrastate Conflicts in West Africa: Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group as a Case Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group as a Case Study Approved by: , Thesis Committee Chair Bruce W. Menning...also goes to my committee chairman, Dr. Bruce W. Menning, who gave me the needed encouragement from the very start and continued to the end. Despite...Mutual Assistance on Defence MODEL Movement for Democracy in Liberia MPCI Patriotic Movement of Côte d’ Iviore NATO North Atlantic Treaty

  16. Economics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kemp, Rodger

    This course presents basic economic concepts and explores issues such as how goods and services are produced and distributed, what affects costs and profits, and how wealth is spread around or concentrated. The course is designed to be used with students enrolled in an adult high school diploma program; course content is appropriate to meet social…

  17. Sanctioned State: The Effects of International Sanctions on Iran’s Internal Politics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    137David E. Thaler et al., Mullahs, Guards, and Bonyads: An Exploration of Iranian Leadership Dynamics (RAND National Defense Research Institute, 2010...Watch—Iran: A Reference Handbook. Westport, CT: Praeger Security Int’l, 2008. McKnight II, Richard L. “Sanctioning Success? Assessing the Role of...Third World Quarterly 27, no. 4 (2006): 645–664. Thaler , David E., and Alireza Nader, Shahram Chubin, Jerrold D. Green, Charlotte Lynch, and

  18. Towards an Integrated Campaign Plan: The Use of Political, Economic, and Military Elements of National Power at the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-13

    200 words) SEE ATTACHED. 14. SUBJECT TERMS 15. NUMBER OF PAGES OPERATIONAL ART OPERATION JUST CAUSE 50 CAMPAIGN PLANNING OPERATION DESERT STORM 16...Through analysis of military theory and subsequent discussion and analysis of the recent operations, JUST CAUSE and DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM...analyzing the works of Clausewitz and later military theorists. By evaluating current U.S. military doctrine and the recent American campaigns, JUST CAUSE

  19. Chile Informed Question Paper - Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-01

    superior military strength and regional economic integration. Internally, Chile also faces little threat; however, militants from the Mapuche ...considered a significant threat.11 The most significant internal security concern is the ongoing campaign by Mapuche indigenous community militants to

  20. The Timing and Accumulation of Judicial Sanctions among Drug Court Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McRee, Nick; Drapela, Laurie A.

    2012-01-01

    Judicial sanctions are used by drug courts to encourage clients to comply with program requirements. However, few studies have explored the application of sanctions in drug courts or the relationship between sanctions and drug court graduation. This article reports the results of a study of sanctions as applied in a drug court in southwest…

  1. The Timing and Accumulation of Judicial Sanctions among Drug Court Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McRee, Nick; Drapela, Laurie A.

    2012-01-01

    Judicial sanctions are used by drug courts to encourage clients to comply with program requirements. However, few studies have explored the application of sanctions in drug courts or the relationship between sanctions and drug court graduation. This article reports the results of a study of sanctions as applied in a drug court in southwest…

  2. 42 CFR 438.730 - Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs 438.730... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.730 Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs (a) Basis for sanction. (1) A State agency may recommend that CMS impose the denial...

  3. 42 CFR 438.730 - Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs 438.730... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.730 Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs (a) Basis for sanction. (1) A State agency may recommend that CMS impose the denial...

  4. 42 CFR 438.730 - Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs 438.730... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.730 Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs (a) Basis for sanction. (1) A State agency may recommend that CMS impose the denial...

  5. 42 CFR 438.730 - Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs 438.730... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.730 Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs (a) Basis for sanction. (1) A State agency may recommend that CMS impose the denial...

  6. Impacts of international sanctions on Iranian pharmaceutical market.

    PubMed

    Cheraghali, Abdol Majid

    2013-07-31

    Iran in recent decade faced several regional and international sanctions in foreign trade, financial and banking services. Iran national pharmaceutical industry has always played a major role in providing medicines to the Iranian patients. However, following the sanctions it has faced profound difficulties for importing of both finished products and pharmaceutical raw materials. Although medicines are exempted from sanctions, due to restriction on money transaction and proper insurance Iranian pharmaceutical companies have to pay cash in advance for imports of medicines and raw materials or to secure offshore funds at very high risks. Current situation in Iran pharmaceutical market confirms that the sanctions against Iran are affecting ordinary citizens and national health sector which resulted to reduction of availability of lifesaving medicines in the local market and has caused increasing pain and suffering for Iranian patients.

  7. 28 CFR 115.278 - Disciplinary sanctions for residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... histories. (c) The disciplinary process shall consider whether a resident's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to his or her behavior when determining what type of sanction, if any, should be... coerced. Medical and Mental Care ...

  8. 28 CFR 115.278 - Disciplinary sanctions for residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... histories. (c) The disciplinary process shall consider whether a resident's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to his or her behavior when determining what type of sanction, if any, should be... coerced. Medical and Mental Care ...

  9. 28 CFR 115.278 - Disciplinary sanctions for residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... histories. (c) The disciplinary process shall consider whether a resident's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to his or her behavior when determining what type of sanction, if any, should be... coerced. Medical and Mental Care ...

  10. 40 CFR 1610.2 - Repeated attorney misconduct, sanctions, hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... contumacious conduct, or contemptuous language in the course of a deposition under § 1610.1(a)(5) is sanctioned... practice before the Board for such period of time as the Board deems advisable. (b) A reprimand or a...

  11. 40 CFR 1610.2 - Repeated attorney misconduct, sanctions, hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... contumacious conduct, or contemptuous language in the course of a deposition under § 1610.1(a)(5) is sanctioned... practice before the Board for such period of time as the Board deems advisable. (b) A reprimand or a...

  12. Sanctioning Behavior in Negro and In White Populations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Frank W.; Shaw, Marvin E.

    1970-01-01

    The present study extended the analysis of the role of cultural determinants" of the assignment of sanctions as a function of levels of causality, outcome quality and intensity, and cultural background in several age groups. (DB)

  13. 50 CFR 216.40 - Penalties and permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Special Exceptions § 216.40 Penalties and permit sanctions. (a) Any person who violates any...

  14. 50 CFR 216.40 - Penalties and permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Special Exceptions § 216.40 Penalties and permit sanctions. (a) Any person who violates any...

  15. Impacts of international sanctions on Iranian pharmaceutical market

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Iran in recent decade faced several regional and international sanctions in foreign trade, financial and banking services. Iran national pharmaceutical industry has always played a major role in providing medicines to the Iranian patients. However, following the sanctions it has faced profound difficulties for importing of both finished products and pharmaceutical raw materials. Although medicines are exempted from sanctions, due to restriction on money transaction and proper insurance Iranian pharmaceutical companies have to pay cash in advance for imports of medicines and raw materials or to secure offshore funds at very high risks. Current situation in Iran pharmaceutical market confirms that the sanctions against Iran are affecting ordinary citizens and national health sector which resulted to reduction of availability of lifesaving medicines in the local market and has caused increasing pain and suffering for Iranian patients. PMID:23902642

  16. Military Government

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1949-07-01

    CGSC MG MILITARY GOVERNMENT LIBHARY ARI\\’IY WAR COLLEGE CJ\\RLISLE BARRACKS, PAa This text is approved for resident and extension-course...and functions · of ’ military government . It conforms ·substantially to the subject matter , of Field Manual 27-5, Civil Affairs/ Military Government ...Teaching experience at the Command and General Staff College has ···--·demonstrated the need for a military government text which brings to- gether

  17. Culturally sanctioned suicide: Euthanasia, seppuku, and terrorist martyrdom.

    PubMed

    Pierre, Joseph M

    2015-03-22

    Suicide is one of the greatest concerns in psychiatric practice, with considerable efforts devoted to prevention. The psychiatric view of suicide tends to equate it with depression or other forms of mental illness. However, some forms of suicide occur independently of mental illness and within a framework of cultural sanctioning such that they aren't regarded as suicide at all. Despite persistent taboos against suicide, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the context of terminal illness is increasingly accepted as a way to preserve autonomy and dignity in the West. Seppuku, the ancient samurai ritual of suicide by self-stabbing, was long considered an honorable act of self-resolve such that despite the removal of cultural sanctioning, the rate of suicide in Japan remains high with suicide masquerading as seppuku still carried out both there and abroad. Suicide as an act of murder and terrorism is a practice currently popular with Islamic militants who regard it as martyrdom in the context of war. The absence of mental illness and the presence of cultural sanctioning do not mean that suicide should not be prevented. Culturally sanctioned suicide must be understood in terms of the specific motivations that underlie the choice of death over life. Efforts to prevent culturally sanctioned suicide must focus on alternatives to achieve similar ends and must ultimately be implemented within cultures to remove the sanctioning of self-destructive acts.

  18. Culturally sanctioned suicide: Euthanasia, seppuku, and terrorist martyrdom

    PubMed Central

    Pierre, Joseph M

    2015-01-01

    Suicide is one of the greatest concerns in psychiatric practice, with considerable efforts devoted to prevention. The psychiatric view of suicide tends to equate it with depression or other forms of mental illness. However, some forms of suicide occur independently of mental illness and within a framework of cultural sanctioning such that they aren’t regarded as suicide at all. Despite persistent taboos against suicide, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the context of terminal illness is increasingly accepted as a way to preserve autonomy and dignity in the West. Seppuku, the ancient samurai ritual of suicide by self-stabbing, was long considered an honorable act of self-resolve such that despite the removal of cultural sanctioning, the rate of suicide in Japan remains high with suicide masquerading as seppuku still carried out both there and abroad. Suicide as an act of murder and terrorism is a practice currently popular with Islamic militants who regard it as martyrdom in the context of war. The absence of mental illness and the presence of cultural sanctioning do not mean that suicide should not be prevented. Culturally sanctioned suicide must be understood in terms of the specific motivations that underlie the choice of death over life. Efforts to prevent culturally sanctioned suicide must focus on alternatives to achieve similar ends and must ultimately be implemented within cultures to remove the sanctioning of self-destructive acts. PMID:25815251

  19. Centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority promote cooperation in humans

    PubMed Central

    Baldassarri, Delia; Grossman, Guy

    2011-01-01

    Social sanctioning is widely considered a successful strategy to promote cooperation among humans. In situations in which individual and collective interests are at odds, incentives to free-ride induce individuals to refrain from contributing to public goods provision. Experimental evidence from public goods games shows that when endowed with sanctioning powers, conditional cooperators can discipline defectors, thus leading to greater levels of cooperation. However, extant evidence is based on peer punishment institutions, whereas in complex societies, systems of control are often centralized: for instance, we do not sanction our neighbors for driving too fast, the police do. Here we show the effect of centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority on cooperation. We designed an adaptation of the public goods game in which sanctioning power is given to a single monitor, and we experimentally manipulated the process by which the monitor is chosen. To increase the external validity of the study, we conducted lab-in-the-field experiments involving 1,543 Ugandan farmers from 50 producer cooperatives. This research provides evidence of the effectiveness of centralized sanctioning and demonstrates the causal effect of legitimacy on cooperation: participants are more responsive to the authority of an elected monitor than a randomly chosen monitor. Our essay contributes to the literature on the evolution of cooperation by introducing the idea of role differentiation. In complex societies, cooperative behavior is not only sustained by mechanisms of selection and reciprocity among peers, but also by the legitimacy that certain actors derive from their position in the social hierarchy. PMID:21690401

  20. Selection for protection in an ant–plant mutualism: host sanctions, host modularity, and the principal–agent game

    PubMed Central

    Edwards, David P; Hassall, Mark; Sutherland, William J; Yu, Douglas W

    2005-01-01

    Retaliation against cheaters can prevent the breakdown of cooperation. Here we ask whether the ant–plant Cordia nodosa is able to apply retaliatory sanctions against its ant symbiont Allomerus octoarticulatus, which patrols new shoots to prevent herbivory. We test the hypothesis that the modular design of C. nodosa physiologically ties the growth of housing (stem swellings known as domatia) to the successful development of the attached leaves. We experimentally simulated herbivory by cutting leaves from patrolled shoots and found that the domatia on such ‘cheated’ shoots suffered higher mortality and lower growth than did controls, evidence for a host sanction. On the other hand, patrolling is costly to the ant, and experiment shows that non-patrollers run a low risk of being sanctioned because most leaves (and the attached domatia) escape heavy herbivory even when patrollers are absent. This suggests that cheaters might enjoy a higher fitness than do mutualists, despite sanctions, but we find that patrolling provides a net fecundity benefit when the colony and plant exceed a minimum size, which requires sustained ant investment in patrolling. These results map directly onto the principal–agent (P–A) game from economics, which we suggest can be used as a framework for studying stability in mutualisms, where high sampling costs and cheating do not allow market effects to select for mutual benefits. PMID:16537131

  1. 40 CFR 52.31 - Selection of sequence of mandatory sanctions for findings made pursuant to section 179 of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... sanctions clock. (2)(i) Notwithstanding paragraph (d)(1) of this section, to further implement 42 U.S.C... started the sanctions clock. The highway sanction under paragraph (e)(2) of this section shall apply in... following the finding that started the sanctions clock. The highway sanction under paragraph (e)(2) of...

  2. 40 CFR 52.31 - Selection of sequence of mandatory sanctions for findings made pursuant to section 179 of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... sanctions clock. (2)(i) Notwithstanding paragraph (d)(1) of this section, to further implement 42 U.S.C... started the sanctions clock. The highway sanction under paragraph (e)(2) of this section shall apply in... following the finding that started the sanctions clock. The highway sanction under paragraph (e)(2) of...

  3. 40 CFR 52.31 - Selection of sequence of mandatory sanctions for findings made pursuant to section 179 of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... sanctions clock. (2)(i) Notwithstanding paragraph (d)(1) of this section, to further implement 42 U.S.C... started the sanctions clock. The highway sanction under paragraph (e)(2) of this section shall apply in... following the finding that started the sanctions clock. The highway sanction under paragraph (e)(2) of...

  4. 3 CFR 13574 - Executive Order 13574 of May 23, 2011. Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended 13574... Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended By... National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172) (50...

  5. When god sanctions killing: effect of scriptural violence on aggression.

    PubMed

    Bushman, Brad J; Ridge, Robert D; Das, Enny; Key, Colin W; Busath, Gregory L

    2007-03-01

    Violent people often claim that God sanctions their actions. In two studies, participants read a violent passage said to come from either the Bible or an ancient scroll. For half the participants, the passage said that God sanctioned the violence. Next, participants competed with an ostensible partner on a task in which the winner could blast the loser with loud noise through headphones (the aggression measure). Study 1 involved Brigham Young University students; 99% believed in God and in the Bible. Study 2 involved Vrije Universiteit-Amsterdam students; 50% believed in God, and 27% believed in the Bible. In Study 1, aggression increased when the passage was from the Bible or mentioned God. In Study 2, aggression increased when the passage mentioned God, especially among participants who believed in God and in the Bible. These results suggest that scriptural violence sanctioned by God can increase aggression, especially in believers.

  6. UN Sanctions Against Iraq: Their Effects and Their Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-04-01

    November 1996, available from http://www.int-review.ch/ang/articles/n40/irq16a.html. 19 Khadim Anwar , Saddam Hussein, The Unrepentant,” International...minister and crown prince, Shaikh Saad al- Abdullah al-Sabah, is adamant that the Kuwaiti POWs must be returned to Kuwaiti. He said: “The prisoners issue is...resolutions and the US resolve in maintaining the sanctions, “Saddam has little hope of getting the full sanctions lifted soon.”13 Notes 1 Khadin Anwar

  7. Military Review: Airland Battle Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-02-01

    the forward support Certainl: we like our current organizations battalions and will also support uncommitted and our ways of doing business today...became. As a president envisages in describing the Desert result, decades of major Soviet military invest - Shield theater campaign at the strategic...doctrine must word political, military and economic elicit both the confidence of these forces and power, alies are even more important for that of the

  8. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    and leading seaman and honor student. The brothers Giya and Guliver Nikolaishvili of Sukhumi, Dato Metreveli of Kutaisi, who is at the Kiev higher...policy is closely related to its domestic and foreign policy and the strategy of accelerating social and economic development based on scientific...and special informational publications and become acquainted with patent materials. There is yet one more important concept in our military lexicon

  9. 78 FR 38574 - Technical Amendments to Counter-Terrorism Sanctions Regulations Implemented by OFAC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-27

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Parts 594, 595, and 597 Technical Amendments to Counter-Terrorism... is amending the Global Terrorism Sanctions Regulations and the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations (the.... The Terrorism Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 595 (the ``TSR''), implement Executive Order 12947...

  10. What Deters Crime? Comparing the Effectiveness of Legal, Social, and Internal Sanctions Across Countries.

    PubMed

    Mann, Heather; Garcia-Rada, Ximena; Hornuf, Lars; Tafurt, Juan

    2016-01-01

    The question of what deters crime is of both theoretical and practical interest. The present paper focuses on what factors deter minor, non-violent crimes, i.e., dishonest actions that violate the law. Much research has been devoted to testing the effectiveness of legal sanctions on crime, while newer models also include social sanctions (judgment of friends or family) and internal sanctions (feelings of guilt). Existing research suggests that both internal sanctions and, to a lesser extent, legal sanctions deter crime, but it is unclear whether this pattern is unique to Western countries or robust across cultures. We administered a survey study to participants in China, Colombia, Germany, Portugal, and USA, five countries from distinct cultural regions of the world. Participants were asked to report the likelihood of engaging in seven dishonest and illegal actions, and were asked to indicate the probability and severity of consequences for legal, friend, family, and internal sanctions. Results indicated that across countries, internal sanctions had the strongest deterrent effects on crime. The deterrent effects of legal sanctions were weaker and varied across countries. Furthermore, the deterrent effects of legal sanctions were strongest when internal sanctions were lax. Unexpectedly, social sanctions were positively related to likelihood of engaging in crime. Taken together, these results suggest that the relative strengths of legal and internal sanctions are robust across cultures and dishonest actions.

  11. What Deters Crime? Comparing the Effectiveness of Legal, Social, and Internal Sanctions Across Countries

    PubMed Central

    Mann, Heather; Garcia-Rada, Ximena; Hornuf, Lars; Tafurt, Juan

    2016-01-01

    The question of what deters crime is of both theoretical and practical interest. The present paper focuses on what factors deter minor, non-violent crimes, i.e., dishonest actions that violate the law. Much research has been devoted to testing the effectiveness of legal sanctions on crime, while newer models also include social sanctions (judgment of friends or family) and internal sanctions (feelings of guilt). Existing research suggests that both internal sanctions and, to a lesser extent, legal sanctions deter crime, but it is unclear whether this pattern is unique to Western countries or robust across cultures. We administered a survey study to participants in China, Colombia, Germany, Portugal, and USA, five countries from distinct cultural regions of the world. Participants were asked to report the likelihood of engaging in seven dishonest and illegal actions, and were asked to indicate the probability and severity of consequences for legal, friend, family, and internal sanctions. Results indicated that across countries, internal sanctions had the strongest deterrent effects on crime. The deterrent effects of legal sanctions were weaker and varied across countries. Furthermore, the deterrent effects of legal sanctions were strongest when internal sanctions were lax. Unexpectedly, social sanctions were positively related to likelihood of engaging in crime. Taken together, these results suggest that the relative strengths of legal and internal sanctions are robust across cultures and dishonest actions. PMID:26903898

  12. 42 CFR 423.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following...

  13. 42 CFR 423.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a... Medicare beneficiaries by a Part D plan sponsor. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified...

  14. 42 CFR 422.752 - Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... money penalties. 422.752 Section 422.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.752 Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) All... Money Penalties. (1) CMS. In addition to, or in place of, any intermediate sanctions, CMS may...

  15. 42 CFR 422.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following... organization. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 422.760....

  16. 42 CFR 438.730 - Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... payment sanction specified in paragraph (e) of this section on an MCO with a contract under this part if.... (2) When the agency decides to recommend imposing the sanction described in paragraph (e) of this...) Gives the MCO written notice of the nature and basis of the proposed sanction; (2) Allows the MCO 15...

  17. 12 CFR 208.32 - Notice of disciplinary sanctions imposed by registered clearing agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of disciplinary sanctions imposed by... (REGULATION H) Bank Securities and Securities-Related Activities § 208.32 Notice of disciplinary sanctions... (the Act), and that: (1) Imposes any final disciplinary sanction on any participant therein; (2) Denies...

  18. 42 CFR 460.40 - Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions. 460... for which CMS may impose sanctions. In addition to other remedies authorized by law, CMS may impose any of the sanctions specified in §§ 460.42 and 460.46 if CMS determines that a PACE...

  19. 42 CFR 460.40 - Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions. 460... for which CMS may impose sanctions. In addition to other remedies authorized by law, CMS may impose any of the sanctions specified in §§ 460.42 and 460.46 if CMS determines that a PACE...

  20. 42 CFR 460.40 - Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions. 460... for which CMS may impose sanctions. In addition to other remedies authorized by law, CMS may impose any of the sanctions specified in §§ 460.42 and 460.46 if CMS determines that a PACE...

  1. 42 CFR 460.40 - Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions. 460... for which CMS may impose sanctions. In addition to other remedies authorized by law, CMS may impose any of the sanctions specified in §§ 460.42 and 460.46 if CMS determines that a PACE...

  2. 31 CFR 561.204 - Additional petroleum-related sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Additional petroleum-related sanctions... TREASURY IRANIAN FINANCIAL SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 561.204 Additional petroleum-related... Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note), as amended, are refined...

  3. 31 CFR 561.204 - Additional petroleum-related sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Additional petroleum-related sanctions... TREASURY IRANIAN FINANCIAL SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 561.204 Additional petroleum-related... Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note), as amended, are refined...

  4. 75 FR 67025 - Delegation of Certain Functions and Authorities Under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ... Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 Memorandum for the Secretary of State... sections 4(c), 5(a), 5(b), 5(c), 5(f), 6(a)(1), 6(a)(2), 6(b)(5), and 9(c) of the Iran Sanctions Act of... Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (CISADA) (Public Law 111-195))...

  5. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  6. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  7. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  8. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  9. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  10. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION... the Commission may, in his discretion, request the appropriate law enforcement officers of...

  11. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION... the Commission may, in his discretion, request the appropriate law enforcement officers of...

  12. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION... the Commission may, in his discretion, request the appropriate law enforcement officers of...

  13. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  14. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  15. 76 FR 7695 - Iranian Human Rights Abuses Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Part 562 Iranian Human Rights Abuses Sanctions Regulations AGENCY.... The Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control is issuing the Iranian Human Rights... Foreign Assets Control adds part 562 to 31 CFR Chapter V to read as follows: PART 562--IRANIAN...

  16. 5 CFR 950.603 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Director will determine the appropriate sanction and/or penalty, up to and including expulsion from the CFC... violations, harm to Federal employee confidence in the CFC, and any other relevant factors. The Director may... being allowed to participate in subsequent CFCs and/or serving as a PCFO for a campaign. (b) At the...

  17. 5 CFR 950.603 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Director will determine the appropriate sanction and/or penalty, up to and including expulsion from the CFC... violations, harm to Federal employee confidence in the CFC, and any other relevant factors. The Director may... being allowed to participate in subsequent CFCs and/or serving as a PCFO for a campaign. (b) At the...

  18. 5 CFR 950.603 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Director will determine the appropriate sanction and/or penalty, up to and including expulsion from the CFC... violations, harm to Federal employee confidence in the CFC, and any other relevant factors. The Director may... being allowed to participate in subsequent CFCs and/or serving as a PCFO for a campaign. (b) At the...

  19. 5 CFR 950.603 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Director will determine the appropriate sanction and/or penalty, up to and including expulsion from the CFC... violations, harm to Federal employee confidence in the CFC, and any other relevant factors. The Director may... being allowed to participate in subsequent CFCs and/or serving as a PCFO for a campaign. (b) At the...

  20. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Discovery Procedures for Matters Set...

  1. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Discovery Procedures for Matters Set...

  2. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Discovery Procedures for Matters Set...

  3. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Discovery Procedures for Matters Set...

  4. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Discovery Procedures for Matters Set...

  5. Cohort Default Rates: Predicting the Probability of Federal Sanctions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Nicholas W.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the institutional factors associated with student loan default. When a college has more than 30% of its students default on their loans, then the institution faces federal sanctions that could make them ineligible from participating in the federal student loan program. Using Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System…

  6. Disciplinary versus Academic Sanctions in Higher Education: A Doomed Dichotomy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dutile, Fernand N.

    2003-01-01

    Explains that courts have generally subjected disciplinary action to procedural due process under the Fourteenth Amendment, while academic sanctions have garnered greater deference. Examines the judicial history of this dual track, establishes the difficulty of characterizing as either disciplinary or academic the countless situations reflecting…

  7. 7 CFR 281.6 - Liabilities and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD STAMP PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS § 281.6 Liabilities and sanctions. An ITO administering the Food Stamp Program on a reservation...

  8. 7 CFR 281.6 - Liabilities and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD STAMP PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS § 281.6 Liabilities and sanctions. An ITO administering the Food Stamp Program on a reservation...

  9. 7 CFR 281.6 - Liabilities and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD STAMP PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS § 281.6 Liabilities and sanctions. An ITO administering the Food Stamp Program on a reservation...

  10. 7 CFR 281.6 - Liabilities and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD STAMP PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS § 281.6 Liabilities and sanctions. An ITO administering the Food Stamp Program on a reservation...

  11. 7 CFR 281.6 - Liabilities and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Liabilities and sanctions. 281.6 Section 281.6 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION OF SNAP ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS §...

  12. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in an...

  13. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in an...

  14. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in an...

  15. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in an...

  16. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in an...

  17. 29 CFR 0.737-10 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Administrative sanctions. 0.737-10 Section 0.737-10 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor ETHICS AND CONDUCT OF DEPARTMENT OF LABOR EMPLOYEES Post Employment... any matter of business for a period not to exceed five years, which may be accomplished by directing...

  18. 29 CFR 0.737-10 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Administrative sanctions. 0.737-10 Section 0.737-10 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor ETHICS AND CONDUCT OF DEPARTMENT OF LABOR EMPLOYEES Post Employment... any matter of business for a period not to exceed five years, which may be accomplished by directing...

  19. Disciplinary versus Academic Sanctions in Higher Education: A Doomed Dichotomy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dutile, Fernand N.

    2003-01-01

    Explains that courts have generally subjected disciplinary action to procedural due process under the Fourteenth Amendment, while academic sanctions have garnered greater deference. Examines the judicial history of this dual track, establishes the difficulty of characterizing as either disciplinary or academic the countless situations reflecting…

  20. 42 CFR 480.142 - Disclosure of sanction reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disclosure of sanction reports. 480.142 Section 480.142 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... responsible for the identification, investigation or prosecution of cases of fraud or abuse in accordance with...

  1. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative § 92...

  2. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative § 92...

  3. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative § 92...

  4. 45 CFR 98.92 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Monitoring, Non-compliance and Complaints § 98.92 Penalties and sanctions. (a) Upon a final... nevertheless be applied, even though the issue is resolved informally. (e) It is at the Secretary's sole...

  5. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... item or service furnished, ordered, or prescribed under a separate child health program to any provider... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions and related penalties. 457.935 Section...

  6. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... item or service furnished, ordered, or prescribed under a separate child health program to any provider... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions and related penalties. 457.935 Section...

  7. Cohort Default Rates: Predicting the Probability of Federal Sanctions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Nicholas W.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the institutional factors associated with student loan default. When a college has more than 30% of its students default on their loans, then the institution faces federal sanctions that could make them ineligible from participating in the federal student loan program. Using Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System…

  8. 19 CFR 207.120 - Public notice of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Public notice of sanctions. 207.120 Section 207.120 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR...

  9. 19 CFR 207.120 - Public notice of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Public notice of sanctions. 207.120 Section 207.120 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR...

  10. 19 CFR 207.120 - Public notice of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Public notice of sanctions. 207.120 Section 207.120 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR...

  11. 19 CFR 207.120 - Public notice of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Public notice of sanctions. 207.120 Section 207.120 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR...

  12. 40 CFR 70.10 - Federal oversight and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STATE OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAMS § 70.10 Federal oversight and sanctions. (a) Failure to submit an...) State failure to administer or enforce. Any State program approved by the Administrator shall at all... failed to submit or implement an approvable program. (c) Criteria for withdrawal of State programs....

  13. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and fair...

  14. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and fair...

  15. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and fair...

  16. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  17. The E.P.I.C. Journey Sanctioning Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fueglein, Jennifer S.; Price, Kevin S.; Alicea-Rodriguez, Adriana; McKinney, Jan Wilson; Jimenez, Anne L.

    2012-01-01

    As universities look for more effective ways to address violations of behavioral standards, a proposed solution is to infuse intentional development into well-established conduct processes inherently focused on legal mandates and due process. The E.P.I.C. Journey Sanctioning Model was designed to refocus the outcomes of the conduct process to…

  18. 50 CFR 660.341 - Limited entry permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Limited entry permit sanctions. 660.341 Section 660.341 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES OFF WEST COAST STATES West Coast...

  19. 19 CFR 207.120 - Public notice of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public notice of sanctions. 207.120 Section 207.120 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  20. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  1. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  2. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  3. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  4. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  5. 19 CFR 354.18 - Public notice of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for International Trade also will provide such information to the ethics panel or other disciplinary... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public notice of sanctions. 354.18 Section 354.18 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES FOR...

  6. 42 CFR 438.700 - Basis for imposition of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 438.700 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.700 Basis for imposition of... medically necessary services that the MCO is required to provide, under law or under its contract with the...

  7. Discriminative host sanctions in a fig-wasp mutualism.

    PubMed

    Wang, Rui-Wu; Dunn, Derek W; Sun, Bao Fa

    2014-05-01

    In some mutualisms, cooperation in symbionts is promoted by hosts sanctioning "cheats," who obtain benefits but fail to reciprocate. In fig-wasp mutualisms, agaonid wasps pollinate the trees (Ficus spp.), but are also exploitative by using some flowers as larval food. Ficus can sanction cheats that fail to pollinate by aborting some un-pollinated figs. However, in those un-pollinated figs retained by trees, cheats successfully reproduce. When this occurs, wasp broods are reduced, suggesting sanctions increase offspring mortality within un-pollinated figs. We investigated sanction mechanisms of abortion and larval mortality against wasp cheats in the monoecious Ficus racemosa by introducing into figs 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9 female wasps (foundresses) that were either all pollen-laden (P+) or all pollen-free (P-). The abortion rates of P- figs were highest (-60%) when single foundresses were present. Abortion declined with increased foundresses and ceased with seven or more wasps present, irrespective of pollination. In un-aborted figs, wasp fitness (mean offspring per foundress) declined as foundress number increased, especially in P- figs. Reduced broods in P- figs resulted from increased larval mortality of female offspring as foundress number increased, resulting in more male-biased sex ratios. Overall sanctions estimated from both abortion rates and reduced offspring production strengthened as the number of cheats increased. In a second experiment, we decoupled pollination from wasp oviposition by introducing one pollen-free foundress, followed 24 h later by seven pollen-laden ovipositor-excised wasps. Compared with P+ and P- single-foundress figs, delayed pollination resulted in intermediate larval mortality and wasp fitness, which concurred with patterns of female offspring production. We conclude that fig abortion reflects both pollinator numbers and pollen presence. Sanctions within P- figs initiate soon after oviposition and discriminate against female offspring

  8. Sanctioning Success? Assessing the Role of Sanctions in the Militarization of Iran

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    a grassroots opposition movement, and the ongoing nuclear crisis have all thrust the Islamic Republic back into the international spotlight. Hence...a foil to potentially volatile remnants of the Shah’s professional armed forces; those that had not already been purged, imprisoned, or simply...overthrow instead of military invasion, so the Guard must also transform accordingly.”149 The allegations of vote- rigging by the IRGC and Basij during the

  9. The Soviet Economic Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chabe, Alexander M.

    1974-01-01

    The nature of the Soviet economic challenge to the world and to the United States is described in relation to standard of living, political influence, hegemony of Eastern Europe, and military power (Author/KM)

  10. Sociological Research in a Military School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ignat'ev, V. V.

    2008-01-01

    What is the content of a system of sociological support for the administration of a higher military educational institution, and what problems are involved? From October 2006 to February 2007, instructors in the department of the humanities and the social-economic disciplines at Eisk F. M. Komarov Higher Military Aviation School (EVVAU) carried…

  11. Sociological Research in a Military School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ignat'ev, V. V.

    2008-01-01

    What is the content of a system of sociological support for the administration of a higher military educational institution, and what problems are involved? From October 2006 to February 2007, instructors in the department of the humanities and the social-economic disciplines at Eisk F. M. Komarov Higher Military Aviation School (EVVAU) carried…

  12. 3 CFR 13628 - Executive Order 13628 of October 9, 2012. Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    .... Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 and Additional Sanctions With Respect to Iran 13628 Order 13628 Presidential Documents... Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 and Additional Sanctions...

  13. Regulatory Organizations for Physicians’ Status and Administrative Sanctions on Physicians

    PubMed Central

    MORIOKA, Yasuhiko; HIGUCHI, Norio; KUROYANAGI, Tatsuo; NUDESHIMA, Jiro

    2014-01-01

    Society bestows professional privilege on physicians. At the same time, it expects physicians to strive constantly to improve their ethics and quality in medical expertise. In every nation, some level of government is responsible for certifying or licensing physicians and imposes strict management, including revoking licenses from inappropriate physicians or providing severe sanctions for misconduct or conduct unbecoming of a physician. In reality, however, it is difficult to reduce the number of inappropriate or indiscreet physicians, and each nation faces its own challenges. We conducted a questionnaire survey of 13 national medical associations, including some major Western countries, regarding the licensing of physicians, the organizations managing their medical practice status, and the data and grounds for administrative sanctioning of physicians. We then examined the circumstances in Japan based on the survey results and pointed out the domestic issues. PMID:25784827

  14. Case Study of a California High School under Academic Sanctions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beam, Eric Adam

    2008-01-01

    This study is a mixed-methods case study of Antelope Valley High School (AVHS). AVHS was one of the first six schools in California to receive academic sanctions since the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. It was also the first high school to receive a State Trustee who was embedded at the school every day for two school years. AVHS…

  15. 24 CFR 902.83 - Sanctions for troubled performer PHAs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING ASSESSMENT SYSTEM PHAS Incentives and Remedies § 902.83 Sanctions for... appointment of a receiver pursuant to section 6(j)(3)(A)(ii) of the Act (42 U.S.C. 1437d(j)(3)(A)(ii)); or (2... accordance with § 907.3(b)(3) of this chapter and either petition for the appointment of a receiver pursuant...

  16. Radiation exposure of U.S. military individuals.

    PubMed

    Blake, Paul K; Komp, Gregory R

    2014-02-01

    The U.S. military consists of five armed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. It directly employs 1.4 million active duty military, 1.3 million National Guard and reserve military, and 700,000 civilian individuals. This paper describes the military guidance used to preserve and maintain the health of military personnel while they accomplish necessary and purposeful work in areas where they are exposed to radiation. It also discusses military exposure cohorts and associated radiogenic disease compensation programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Labor. With a few exceptions, the U.S. military has effectively employed ionizing radiation since it was first introduced during the Spanish-American War in 1898. The U.S military annually monitors 70,000 individuals for occupational radiation exposure: ~2% of its workforce. In recent years, the Departments of the Navy (including the Marine Corps), the Army, and the Air Force all have a low collective dose that remains close to 1 person-Sv annually. Only a few Coast Guard individuals are now routinely monitored for radiation exposure. As with the nuclear industry as a whole, the Naval Reactors program has a higher collective dose than the remainder of the U.S. military. The U.S. military maintains occupational radiation exposure records on over two million individuals from 1945 through the present. These records are controlled in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 but are available to affected individuals or their designees and other groups performing sanctioned epidemiology studies.Introduction of Radiation Exposure of U.S. Military Individuals (Video 2:19, http://links.lww.com/HP/A30).

  17. World military expenditures and global cardiovascular mortality.

    PubMed

    Brenner, M Harvey

    2016-02-01

    Can we estimate the consequences of world military expenditures for the physical and mental health of nations that produce and purchase armaments? If anxiety and fear are promoting military expenditures, then those sentiments may well reflect poorer mental health and war-related stress as it influences cardiovascular illness rates. Further, extensive military expenditure by a society implies that other societal needs are allocated fewer resources, including nutrition, water and sanitation, health care, and economic development. We use a model focused on military expenditures to predict cardiovascular mortality in world samples of industrialized and developing countries over 2000-2011. The cardiovascular mortality model controls for economic development, smoking, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, and carbon dioxide emissions. Military expenditures as proportion of gross domestic product show significant positive relations to cardiovascular disease mortality in linear multiple regression analyses, using both cross-sectional and pooled cross-sectional time-series approaches.

  18. Economics and Markets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graham, Alan K.

    Economic matters are often entangled with interventions. Aid agencies need to understand where they can have the highest leverage, and where aid may cause harmful economic distortions. Humanitarian interventions in crises will be more effective if the economic and social root causes of the crisis are addressed as well. The root causes of insurgencies often include economic issues, particularly economic discrimination. Planners for military operations in a country need to know the economic side effects of military activities, including the effects of withdrawal. Government agencies trying to bring developed-nation investors into a developing country must understand, along with the potential investors, what the economic prospects of the economy are, and how safe an investment is (or is not). Economic modeling and analysis can assist in each of these cases.

  19. Future Approaches to the Economic Instrument of Power

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    economics, we can create better national security options and results. Policy Schizophrenia In the past, economics and national security shared...opportunity for military planners and economists to collaborate. Promoting economic growth and spreading awareness of economic empowerment

  20. Military Authority.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

    2001-01-01

    This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article…

  1. 76 FR 40768 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-11

    ... export of these items having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights and arms... export of these items having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights and arms... taken into account political, military, economic, human rights and arms control considerations. More...

  2. [Economic crime].

    PubMed

    Dinitz, S

    1976-01-01

    Economic crime, often also referred to as white collar crime, is one of the most incidious and predatory of offenses. Unlike street crime, for which there may well be some protection, the average citizen is completely at the mercy of the perpetrators of economic crimes. The concept of white collar crime was first identified by Edwin H. Sutherland. He dealt with the problem as a violation of trust involving either or both misrepresentation and duplicity. He argued for the use of criminal sanctions rather than civil remedies as a means of dealing with white collar offenses. Sutherland's views were attacked by the legal profession, by sociologists and criminologists and by public opinion specialists. They contended that an act treated in civil court is not a crime; that criminals are those persons who are defined as such and white collar criminals are neither so defined nor do they define themselves as criminals and, finally, that economic crime is universal. Can anyone be criminal, then, ask the critics? A number of studies by Clinard, Quinney, Black, Ball, Cressey, Newman and others have translated the interest in white collar crime into empirical terms. The last thirty-five years have also witnessed the elaboration and alteration of the theory itself. Geis' work has been particularly important in this respect. His "street" versus "suite" crime is a useful dichotomy. Most important, however, have been the monograph and papers by Herbert Edelhertz who has conceptualized the issues on various levels - from consumer fraud to the illegal activities of the multinational corporation. This article is concerned with the exposition of the theory and research in the field. Most significant, the paper raises serious doubts whether the problem of economic crime can be researched and studied; it raises even more difficult issues concerning the legal and sociological implications of economic crime and of its prevention, management and control.

  3. Assessing the Net Effects of Sanctions on the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    EFFECTS OF SANCTIONS ON THE PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION by Kristopher S. Alexander December 2012 Thesis Advisor: Clay...December 2012 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE ASSESSING THE NET EFFECTS OF SANCTIONS ON THE PROLIFERATION...PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK iii Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited ASSESSING THE NET EFFECTS OF SANCTIONS ON THE

  4. [Sanctions against fraudsters and the situation of whistleblowers with respect to the law].

    PubMed

    Moret-Bailly, Joël

    2012-09-01

    Those who commit fraud should compensate their victims for the damage. Plagiarism and dissemination of faked products could lead to criminal sanctions. Intellectual fraud does not systematically lead to criminal sanctions. Those who commit fraud can be sanctioned by disciplinary committees. When an employee discover a violation of the research standards, he is not obliged to call the prosecutor. Whistleblowers, in the public health field, are not protected by labour law.

  5. 33 CFR 135.403 - Sanctions for failure to produce vessel Certificates of Financial Responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OFFSHORE OIL POLLUTION COMPENSATION FUND Access, Denial, and Detention § 135.403 Sanctions for...

  6. 33 CFR 135.403 - Sanctions for failure to produce vessel Certificates of Financial Responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OFFSHORE OIL POLLUTION COMPENSATION FUND Access, Denial, and Detention § 135.403 Sanctions for...

  7. 33 CFR 135.403 - Sanctions for failure to produce vessel Certificates of Financial Responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OFFSHORE OIL POLLUTION COMPENSATION FUND Access, Denial, and Detention § 135.403 Sanctions for...

  8. 33 CFR 135.403 - Sanctions for failure to produce vessel Certificates of Financial Responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OFFSHORE OIL POLLUTION COMPENSATION FUND Access, Denial, and Detention § 135.403 Sanctions for...

  9. 33 CFR 135.403 - Sanctions for failure to produce vessel Certificates of Financial Responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OFFSHORE OIL POLLUTION COMPENSATION FUND Access, Denial, and Detention § 135.403 Sanctions for...

  10. The impact of defensiveness and incident reactions on post-sanction drinking behaviors among mandated students

    PubMed Central

    Logan, Diane E.; Lewis, Melissa A.; Mastroleo, Nadine R.; Kilmer, Jason R.; Larimer, Mary E.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Prior studies with mandated students (students referred for an intervention following violation of a campus alcohol policy) have suggested that decreases in drinking behaviors may occur before clinical intervention. Others studies have suggested that greater reductions were associated with lower defensiveness and stronger incident reactions, such as responsibility and aversiveness. The current study sought to integrate these findings and examine the influence of pre-sanction drinking and perceptions on mandated students’ post-sanction drinking levels prior to attending a brief intervention. Methods Data were collected as part of a longitudinal study of brief interventions in a mandated student sample (N = 61, 43% female, 97% White). Participants completed demographic measures, scales measuring incident reactions and defensiveness, and a Time Line Follow Back assessing drinking quantity and frequency both pre-and post-sanction. Results Analyses revealed significant post-sanction decreases in quantity (average total drinks per month) and frequency (number of monthly drinking days). Pre-sanction drinking quantity and frequency significantly predicted post-sanction quantity and frequency, respectively. Interaction effects suggest higher post-sanction quantities among moderate and heavier drinkers with higher defensiveness and lower aversiveness perceptions, while perceptions did not influence outcomes among light drinkers. None of the interactions involving blame or responsibility, or predicting post-sanction frequency, were significant. Conclusions These findings suggest a complex relationship between pre-sanction drinking and student reactions. Implications for mandated student interactions and future research directions are discussed. PMID:25935718

  11. The impact of defensiveness and incident reactions on post-sanction drinking behaviors among mandated students.

    PubMed

    Logan, Diane E; Lewis, Melissa A; Mastroleo, Nadine R; Kilmer, Jason R; Larimer, Mary E

    2015-09-01

    Prior studies with mandated students (students referred for an intervention following violation of a campus alcohol policy) have suggested that decreases in drinking behaviors may occur before clinical intervention. Others studies have suggested that greater reductions were associated with lower defensiveness and stronger incident reactions, such as responsibility and aversiveness. The current study sought to integrate these findings and examine the influence of pre-sanction drinking and perceptions on mandated students' post-sanction drinking levels prior to attending a brief intervention. Data were collected as part of a longitudinal study of brief interventions in a mandated student sample (N=61, 43% female, 97% White). Participants completed demographic measures, scales measuring incident reactions and defensiveness, and a Time Line Follow Back assessing drinking quantity and frequency both pre- and post-sanction. Analyses revealed significant post-sanction decreases in quantity (average total drinks per month) and frequency (number of monthly drinking days). Pre-sanction drinking quantity and frequency significantly predicted post-sanction quantity and frequency, respectively. Interaction effects suggest higher post-sanction quantities among moderate and heavier drinkers with higher defensiveness and lower aversiveness perceptions, while perceptions did not influence outcomes among light drinkers. None of the interactions involving blame or responsibility, or predicting post-sanction frequency, were significant. These findings suggest a complex relationship between pre-sanction drinking and student reactions. Implications for mandated student interactions and future research directions are discussed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Military Strategy,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1968-01-01

    with a grass surface. This aircraft has the following cal- culated characteristics: maximum «peed 2500-2700 km/hour, service cell - ing up to...mobi- lisation of all the national resources to repel the enemy, and the systematic growth of the technical equipment of our Armed Forces. For...bombers. Cannon- machlnegun aircraft weapons have been replaced by rocket weapons. In recent years the speed and celling of military planes has

  13. National Military Family Association

    MedlinePlus

    ... have good news and bad news for military families. MORE Military Families Brace for What’s Next In Syria President Trump ordered an airstrike in Syria leaving military families wondering what's next. More April is the Month ...

  14. Economic Recovery vs. Defense Spending.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Grasse, Robert; Murphy, Paul

    1981-01-01

    Evaluates President Reagan's proposed military buildup in light of the cuts such expenditures would necessitate in approximately 300 domestic programs. Suggests that the dramatic proposed increase in military spending risks higher inflation and slower economic growth. Concludes with a plea for rethinking of Reagan's dramatic shift in national…

  15. 42 CFR 488.815 - Factors to be considered in selecting sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Factors to be considered in selecting sanctions... PROCEDURES Alternative Sanctions for Home Health Agencies With Deficiencies § 488.815 Factors to be... more factors that include, but are not limited to, the following: (a) The extent to which the...

  16. 42 CFR 488.815 - Factors to be considered in selecting sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Factors to be considered in selecting sanctions... PROCEDURES Alternative Sanctions for Home Health Agencies With Deficiencies § 488.815 Factors to be... more factors that include, but are not limited to, the following: (a) The extent to which the...

  17. Age, Crime, and Sanctions: The Transition from Juvenile to Adult Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenwood, Peter W.; And Others

    This document, the final report resulting from a two-year study of the use of juvenile records in adult court proceedings and the relationship between age and sanction severity, is of interest to researchers and policymakers concerned with sanction policies for youthful offenders. The introductory chapter provides an overview of the controversy…

  18. 42 CFR 423.756 - Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... penalties. (a) Notice of intermediate sanction and opportunity to respond—(1) Notice of intent. Before...) Opportunity to respond. CMS allows the Part D plan sponsor 10 calendar days from receipt of the notice to... sponsor's conduct poses a serious threat to an enrollee's health and safety, CMS may make the sanction...

  19. Disciplinary Sanctioning of Students with Intellectual Disabilities: Revisiting the Status Liability Hypothesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kellow, J. Thomas; Dukes, Lyman, III

    2008-01-01

    We examined the impact of disability status on disciplinary sanctioning of a student committing a minor versus severe behavioral infraction. We used the status liability hypothesis as a framework. This hypothesis suggests that individuals with a higher personal status receive sanctioning differentially based on the severity of offense.…

  20. 78 FR 38782 - Lifting of Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Proliferation Sanctions Against Chinese Entities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-27

    ... of Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Proliferation Sanctions Against Chinese Entities AGENCY... determined and certified to Congress that lifting sanctions on the following Chinese entities, their sub-units and successors is important to the national security interests of the United States: 1. China...