Science.gov

Sample records for editorial asesor nuevos

  1. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eberly, J. H.

    1997-10-01

    In the short time that Optics Express has been publishing articles, less than four months, it has become clear to the Editorial Board that it will be helpful to call attention to the guidelines mentioned in the Editorial accompanying the first issue. At the same time, a different kind of guidance, unavailable before, may be provided by some early statistics describing the operation of the journal.

  2. Editorial.

    PubMed

    2015-01-01

    This editorial introduces the Journal of Applied Psychology. More specifically the editor wants to share with you (a) the journal's scope and mission, (b) expectations for different types of articles considered by the journal, and (c) the review process used. The information included is also based on the editorial team's consideration of current trends in the psychological and organizational sciences, as well as emerging changes in peer review processes within the social sciences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  3. Editorial.

    PubMed

    Chen, Peter Y

    2016-01-01

    This editorial discusses the history of the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (JOHP), citing the various editors and the length of their editorships, as well as the support they received from the associate editors, editorial board members, reviewers, and the contributions of the authors' high quality articles. JOHP has become an international flagship journal, which plays an important role in advancing the field of occupational health psychology. The most recent impact factor and ranking reported by the American Psychological Association (2015) further supports the quality of this journal.

  4. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Audoly, Basile; Castañeda, Pedro Ponte; Kuhl, Ellen; Niordson, Christian; Sharma, Pradeep; Gao, Huajian

    2016-02-01

    After 12 years of distinguished service, Kaushik Bhattacharya has decided to step down as co-editor of the Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. A new editorial team, with Huajian Gao as editor and Basile Audoly, Pedro Ponte Castañeda, Ellen Kuhl, Christian Niordson and Pradeep Sharma as Associate Editors, will take over as of January 1, 2016.

  5. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaskill, Jack D.

    1989-09-01

    In the May 15, 1989, issue of The Wall Street Journal, the lead editorial addressed an activity that is taking place in the United States but one that should send chills up the spines of scientists and engineers around the world.

  6. Editorial

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Adrian

    2017-01-01

    Adrian Lim On behalf of the UIO editors It is with great pleasure and honour that I introduce the March 2017 issue of Ultrasound International Open. The journal continues to grow from strength to strength with every issue and is now indexed in PubMed Central. This is a testament to the hardwork of the journal editors, editorial board, reviewers as well as the high quality publications and submissions.

  7. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gianturco, F. A.; Raimond, J. M.

    2005-01-01

    This issue of EPJ D introduces a revised list of sections and subsections, designed in close collaboration with the whole editorial board. The aim of these modifications is to reflect more faithfully the wide diversity of activities covered by our journal. A new section is introduced. Entitled “Atomic and Molecular Collisions”, it covers a large range of activities, from atom/atom or atom/molecules collisions (including the very active field of ultra-cold collisions in laser-cooled atomic or molecular gases), to electron scattering and molecular reactivity. The creation of this section reflects the increased interest of the journal for molecular and collisional physics, already apparent in the recent extension of the editorial board competence in this direction. We very much hope that this community will react positively to this trend and become a major component of the journal's life. For the other sections, we have markedly revised the list of subheadings. We think it important to make it as detailed as possible, both to indicate that EPJ D aims at being a generalist journal for AMO physics and to help our authors to find easily the proper section for their submissions. There is of course no way to describe the whole field's activity in a few subheadings. They are all to be understood with the broadest meaning. This list is by no means an exclusive one. All theoretical or experimental papers connected to atomic, molecular, plasma, quantum or optical physics are welcome. This revised section list appears almost simultaneously with the new WEB portal to all EPJ journals (www.eurphysj.org), which will be online within a few weeks. It unites the material formerly presented on our publisher's WEB sites (EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer). All the journal contents are available there (and all WEB registrations are of course valid for this portal). We offer also a free access to the highlight papers (see our editorial, Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 3 (2004) and below), for at

  8. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gallagher, John S., III

    2009-05-01

    The Astronomical Journal (AJ) has traditionally published papers in planetary science, especially those related to observations that use standard astronomical techniques or involve planetary dynamics. During the past decade, we have seen a great deal of growth in both of these areas, driven largely by renewed interest in the outer solar system as well as the discovery of extrasolar planets. As a result, the AJ has experienced a steady increase in the number of submitted papers that report solar system observations and theoretical studies of planetary dynamics. This component of science in the AJ has reached a point where we feel the need to increase our editorial expertise to maintain the quality of our review processes. Therefore, we are pleased to welcome Dr. Melissa A. McGrath and Professor Daniel J. Scheeres to the AJ editorial team. As Chief Scientist in Science and Mission Systems at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Dr. McGrath has developed a wide perspective on planetary astronomy and related fields. In her role as Associate Scientific Editor for the AJ, she will join Professor Margaret Hanson and me in communicating directly with authors and referees with an emphasis on observational planetary science papers. As an endowed chair in the Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences and the Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research at the University of Colorado at Boulder, Professor Scheeres has a strong research presence in studies involving orbital mechanics of spacecraft as well as natural bodies. As a Consulting Scientific Editor, he will assist us in identifying referees and interpreting anonymous referee reports for papers in theoretical planetary dynamics with a secondary focus in celestial mechanics. With these additions to the AJ editorial board, we will be able to provide better service for planetary science papers, especially those that overlap with other fields of astronomy.

  9. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshida, Toyonobu

    2013-02-01

    As the successor to Professor Teruo Kishi, the former Editor-in-Chief of Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (STAM), I would like to share some of STAM's journal history with our readers. STAM was launched in 2000 with the financial support of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in recognition of a strong need for an international journal that would be distributed and read across the globe. Five years later, the publication of STAM was transferred to the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) under the initiative of Professor Kishi. As a result of his work, STAM is now positioned as a high-impact journal, 3.512 as listed by the ISI 2011 Science Citation Index Journal Citation Report, with a much higher and faster growth than when I was participating as a co-founder in the past. STAM is well known as a successful open-access journal since shifting from the initial subscription model in 2008. As an editor, I would like to emphasize that STAM will continue to publish with a sense of social mission as an academic journal, allowing space for researchers to contribute to the sustainable development of society and health. However, some contribution from authors would assist us in creating a sustainable journal publishing model, and further enhance services to authors and readers of STAM. With this in mind, I would like to state that STAM's editorial board is planning to introduce an article processing charge from July 2013, in addition to NIMS' continuing financial support. One of our new editorial policies is to aim for reader-oriented publishing. I believe that academic journal publishing can take the role of navigator in advancing the development of materials. Among the many other scientific journals, STAM will lead the rapid growth in materials science, inspiring research into new materials for the future and leading the next generation of materials science and technology. It is my honor to work with members of

  10. Editorial:

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2008-02-01

    It is my pleasure to welcome the authors and readership of Plasma Sources Science and Technology (PSST) to volume 17. We have enjoyed a successful 16 years of growth under the guidance of our founding Editor-in-Chief, Professor Noah Hershkowitz, resulting in PSST gaining the confidence and respect of the plasma community. PSST has established itself as the journal of choice for dissemination of research results on the fundamentals of low-temperature plasmas. It has achieved this position through its rigorous reviewing process that improves the quality of our already excellent contributions. This was accomplished with the dedicated efforts of our reviewers and cooperation of our authors, to whom I am grateful. I am hoping we can continue to count on your support. I am confident that we will build upon our past successes by continuing to improve the journal and better serve the low temperature plasma community. I am pleased to introduce Professor William G Graham (Queen's University of Belfast) and Professor M C M (Richard) van der Sanden (Eindhoven University of Technology) who have joined the leadership team as Associate Editors. I am also pleased that Professor Hershkowitz has agreed to continue to serve PSST as an Associate Editor. Bill, Richard and Noah will share the editorial duties with me in selecting referees, assessing their comments and communicating with authors. Ms Caroline Wilkinson will continue to expertly serve as our IOP Publishing contact. The Editorial Board is critically important to the continued success and growth of the journal. Their efforts in providing advice and guidance, and in suggesting (and often guest editing) special issues are greatly appreciated. As we enter our seventeenth year, it is an appropriate time to revisit the guiding principles of the journal. PSST serves a unique mission in addressing fundamental issues in the science and technology of low-temperature plasmas and so distinguishes itself from more applications

  11. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-07-01

    It is both an honour and daunting to be associated with a successful, long-lived journal. An honour because the journal already enjoys a high reputation, not only for the quality of its articles but also for the manner in which it has encouraged areas to grow and develop towards their own specialized publications. Daunting because maintaining the quality of the journal is a challenge needing constant vigilance and innovation. Moreover, I am conscious of all the work which has been done by my predecessors. Jean Zinn-Justin is the most recent and I should like to take this opportunity to thank him for all he has done so generously over the past five years. The journal relies on the partnership between its authors, its referees, the Editorial Board and the publishers. Its principal purpose is to provide, selectively, an archive for the physics community and it is essential that authors are eager to submit their papers in the knowledge that they will be treated fairly and rapidly, that the referees perform their role willingly and constructively, and that the international Editorial Board encourages both in their tasks, and solicits submissions from physicists working in budding areas. Besides co-ordinating the production of the journal, the publishers are developing ways to assist the community to perform its research. For example, the online electronic version of the journal is hugely successful with over 75,000 e-accesses in 1998. HyperCite is an exciting development which is beginning to link papers together in an unprecedented manner. It will take time to perfect this service but its use is growing apace. Moreover, approximately one half of all submissions to the journal are now via electronic means. Of course, many authors place their papers on other, freely available, electronic archives and these are valuable. Nevertheless, the sifting process provided by the referees and editorial board of a journal remains an essential part of the scientific evaluation of a

  12. Editorial.

    PubMed

    Kozlowski, Steve W J

    2009-01-01

    The Journal of Applied Psychology is the oldest and largest top-tier journal publishing theory and research relevant to industrial and organizational psychology, organizational behavior, and human resources management. The primary emphasis of this journal is the publication of original investigations that advance theoretical understanding and create new knowledge for applied psychology within the broad scope of the organizational sciences. We are primarily interested in publishing empirical research and conceptual articles that enhance understanding of psychological phenomena in human and organizational systems. This editorial also covers the expectations and review process that the Journal of Applied Psychology has for manuscripts submitted to the journal. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2007-11-01

    This is my last issue of Plasma Sources Science and Technology in my role as Editor-in-Chief. I would like to take this opportunity to describe the origins of what has been for me a 17-year adventure. Maureen Clarke, then responsible for commissioning new journals at IOP, first conceived of a journal devoted to low-temperature plasmas. She contacted me, and, I imagine, others in the plasma community, with a set of questions about this possible new journal. Although I've lost that letter, I still have a copy of my e-mail response to her from 2 July 1990, from which the following extracts are taken: Dear Ms. Clarke, Thank you for an opportunity to comment on your new journal—Plasma Sources and Plasma Processing. I believe that there is a currently a place for a journal which is concerned with plasma source design and characteristics related to plasma processing and that this need is likely to continue for at least 10 years or more. [ . . . ] Right now there is considerable interest in the plasma processing community on the relative advantages of ECR and other microwave sources versus 13 MHz systems and a variety of different types of both sources have been invented and more seem to be coming along each day. Helicon sources are also starting to be interesting. [ . . . ] My view is that plasma processing includes all aspects of processes which employ charged particle plasmas in manufacturing processes. This runs from ion implantation out of very low pressure (<10-4 torr) plasmas to plasma sprays at atmospheric pressure. A journal which emphasizes the role of the charged particles and which covers the full spectrum of devices would be a welcome addition to other journals now available. I am interested in the subject and I would be willing to serve on the Editorial Board. At that time, the journal was tentatively named Plasma Sources and Plasma Processing. By 6 November 1990 she had offered me the position of Editor-in-Chief. I accepted, and by early 1991, IOP had

  14. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kennicutt, Robert C., Jr.

    1999-07-01

    This issue marks the end of an era for The Astrophysical Journal and for astronomical publishing. Helmut Abt is retiring as Editor-in-Chief after serving for 28 years, a period that saw enormous growth in the Journal and its transformation to the forefront of electronic scientific publishing. In February the ApJ office celebrated the receipt of manuscript number 40,000 under Helmut's tenure, a milestone that testifies to his impact on all of our careers. Although the names at the top of the masthead are changing, the rest of the ApJ team remains nearly unchanged, so the editorial transition should be barely noticeable. Much of the editorial work of the Journal will continue to be performed by our capable staff of Scientific Editors. I am also very fortunate to inherit Helmut's outstanding support staff in Tucson, ably headed by Janice Sexton. Our publications staff in Chicago, led by Julie Steffen, and our electronic publications staff, led by Evan Owens, are unmatched in their dedication and energy, and I have already begun working with them on further improvements to the Journal. And Helmut Abt will continue to serve the Journal over the coming months, overseeing the manuscripts that are still under review and editing the special centennial issue that will appear at the end of this year. In the coming months we will introduce several new features, most of them initiated under Helmut Abt's leadership. These will include an upgraded ApJ homepage, web tools for authors and referees, updated documentation and author instructions, and an attractive new version of the on-line journal itself. Over the longer term we are developing plans for streamlining the publication timescale and for expanding our capabilities for publishing and archiving electronic data. However my overriding priority, always, will be to uphold the Journal's reputation for scientific accuracy, impact, and integrity. I close with a personal note of thanks to Helmut Abt for his patient tutoring over

  15. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaskill, Jack D.

    1989-04-01

    Even as I write this editorial, the Ides of March approach rapidly. This is unnerving and depressing because it signals that, in the United States, April Fool's Day is only a month away. I realize that some of you will quickly seize the opportunity to expose my error and point out that April 1st is only two weeks after March 15th-not a month. While I cannot disagree that April 1st occurs only two weeks after March 15th, I must nevertheless claim that April Fool's Day really falls on April 15,* the day we are called upon to account for our income-producing activities of the previous year. Yes, that is the day we are required by the IRS (Incentive Reduction System) to pay for our financial indiscretions of accum ulating wealth the old-fashioned way-by earning it. At least we can take comfort in knowing that the process of paying our taxes was made much simpler and more equitable when the 1986 Tax Reform Act l" went into effect.

  16. Editorial.

    PubMed

    Dubow, Eric F

    2017-01-01

    Developmental Psychology (DP) has long been in the forefront of shaping the field of life span developmental science by advancing theory, research design, and statistical methodology and applying these to timely topics. My overarching goal as editor is to ensure that DP continues to play a leading role in charting the future of developmental science research by maintaining the highest theoretical and methodological standards and to further extend our reach by continuing to encourage international and multidisciplinary researchers to submit manuscripts. My comments in this editorial are not meant to be viewed as an endorsement of any specific topic, theoretical perspective, or methodological/statistical modeling technique, and we do not propose to change the journal's broad mission, which is to publish "articles that significantly advance knowledge and theory about development across the life span." Rather, my comments reflect my views of the field of life span developmental science and where it is headed, informed by my own research since the early 1980s and, more recently, by my 6 years as an Associate Editor and my year as incoming Editor of DP. Based on these experiences, I want to share a few examples of what I have observed in terms of specific emerging timely content areas, as well as methodological design characteristics, that appear to be on the forefront of developmental science (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  17. Editorial.

    PubMed

    2000-03-01

    This editorial presents an overview of the articles contained in this issue of Gender and Development, addressing the key themes of globalization and diversity. The collection of articles recalls why the project of promoting gender-equitable development continues to be critical in the 21st century, identifies some key challenges confronting those working on gender development, and takes a brief look at some examples of innovative work. This collection begins with a group of articles examining economic, political, and social changes associated with globalization, and analyzing their positive and negative impacts on different men and women. The ways in which specific aspects of globalization affect gender relations and shape the choices and chances of men and women are traced. In particular, writers highlight the failure of governments and development agencies to challenge fully the false assumptions about the nature of the role of men and women in society upon which global activity is based. Drawing on insights from academic research and feedback from practitioners, the second group of articles presents the basic concepts and terminology used in gender and development work. Lastly, the third group of articles offers innovative case studies of current gender-sensitive development work. Emphasis is placed on topical issues, including acknowledgment of sexuality as a development issue, critique on the assumption of entrepreneurship as gender neutral, and the assertion of the need for mainstream institutions, including government and development funders to work with women's organizations.

  18. Editorial:

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hershkowitz, Noah

    2006-02-01

    operation for a few years on other IOP titles, such as Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, and has been very popular with both authors and referees. Although the tools have changed, the ethos of the review process remains the same and my role as Editor-in-Chief still encompasses the referee selection and management of the peer review on individual articles, working closely with the PSST editorial team in Bristol. I continue to see all referee reports and articles and work closely with the PSST Editorial Board, who provide support and advice when called upon - many thanks to all the Board members for their input! We would welcome any feedback you have on the new system and we would like to thank you for your patience as the old system runs down. We look forward to working with you to achieve these aims and I would like to wish you all success in 2006.

  19. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Molenkamp, Laurens; Bedrock, Claire

    2006-12-01

    As we close volume 21 of Semiconductor Science and Technology it is interesting to reflect on the achievements of the year. Notable this year has been the considerable increase in submissions to the journal. As of the end of October we had received a 26% increase in submissions compared to the same time last year. This has naturally had a considerable impact on the number of referees we need in order to maintain the high quality standards of the journal. In the first ten months of this year Semiconductor Science and Technology approached 1468 referees based in 36 different countries. Of the 1468 referees asked to review an article just under half, 723, wrote a report. Excluding members of the Editorial Board, who often review one or more articles a month, our `most hard-working' referee reviewed 6 articles for us in the first ten months of this year. In order to provide a timely publication decision for our authors we ask referees to prepare a review within 21 days. The average time for a referee to report is just under this at 18 days. Our fastest review this year so far was an impressive 2 hours and 5 minutes. Managing the peer review for a growing journal like Semiconductor Science and Technology would be a far more difficult task if it were not for the many conscientious referees who review articles for us. We would like to take this opportunity to express our thanks to all of our referees from this and previous years. We value your careful and well constructed reports which are of great assistance to us in maintaining the rigorous quality standards of Semiconductor Science and Technology.

  20. Editorial.

    PubMed

    Evers, B

    1993-10-01

    This editorial introduces an issue of a journal which contains articles on the themes of 1) macroeconomic policy and gender relations and 2) income generation projects and empowerment. The opening paper dispels the myth that economic policies are gender-neutral. Another article uses the effects of structural adjustment policies in the Caribbean to illustrate how such policies increase women's burdens because of cuts in social services and pressures on women to provide cheap labor to create export goods. A third article depicts the adverse consequences of a macroeconomic policy in India which favors exports over domestic production. This theme is developed in a paper which challenges the notion that export-oriented development strategies provide a "trickle down" benefit to the poor. Specific reversals in development advances in Tanzania are linked to the adjustment experience, and the policy of debt repayment at all costs in the Philippines is shown to have an adverse effect on the poor. Other papers from Albania, India, Tanzania, Chile, and Bangladesh highlight how market-oriented reforms have created conditions which are detrimental to women's health. Further research reveals that the touted "feminization of employment" has actually turned out to be a "feminization of unemployment" as gender discrimination in the labor market continues. Papers on income-generating projects spotlight what has been learned about developing a successful income-generation project which recognizes women's "reproductive labor" time demands. Other articles explore barriers faced by women to access to finance and entrepreneurship. By looking beyond economic jargon and false assumptions, the authors of these papers explore how gender relationships are shaped by economic policies and affect policy outcomes and how women are organizing to improve their lives and the health of their communities.

  1. Editorial.

    PubMed

    1995-06-01

    This editorial introduces a journal devoted to the issues surrounding women and their rights. As the development debate moves from women's need to their rights and to an understanding of the cultural roots of legal systems and the effects of the mass media in presenting alternative life styles as possibilities, the immense implications of using rights-based language in development emerge. This debate moves women from being the recipients of welfare to a state of empowerment. Women must be afforded individual rights which are linked to community rights. In addition, rights must be granted to women in their public and private domains. The dangers of using a rights-based language to assert women's claims to economic, political, and social equality in economic, political, and social life arise from the reality that the social position of men will usually place men at an advantage with the law. Legal processes which stress dichotomies may fail to improve real social situations. Also, the language of human rights may pit one set of rights (a woman's right to choose abortion) against another (the fetuses' right to live) to women's disadvantage. Areas governed by both customary and civil law pose other difficulties, especially since they require women to understand the law in order to use it. Development efforts which stress rights hope to meet immediate needs and to achieve a strategic end. Nongovernmental organizations can play an important role in asserting and enforcing the freedom of individuals and groups within groups. They can also build capacity at all levels of society and explore linkages between women's economic participation, decision-making within the home, and wider political participation.

  2. Editorial.

    PubMed

    Simeonov, Plamen L; Rosen, Steven M; Gare, Arran; Noble, Denis

    2015-12-01

    Preparing this ambitious Special Issue has challenged everyone involved: authors, reviewers, and guest editors. The editors solicited contributions from many leading figures in a broad array of scientific and philosophical disciplines, with emphasis on phenomenological approaches to philosophy (see Section I). The motivating force was the conviction that if we could find a viable bridge for the gap between the "two cultures"(1) of science and philosophy, fundamental problems in each camp could be addressed more fruitfully than ever before and a new kind of science be born. We believe the unprecedented cross-fertilization of ideas from this initiative may furnish seeds from which that new, better integrated, and more effective approach to science may arise. This Special Issue consists of forty papers. For each one, multiple reviewers were solicited, with at least one reviewer from each "culture" (a scientist and a philosopher). In many cases, several rounds of revision were carried out. Needless to say, this required great patience and dedication of all participants. The editors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of our authors, and of our anonymous reviewers, who worked long and hard on the papers we sent them with no compensation for their efforts. We also wish to thank the Elsevier editorial and production team for the support they gave us in bringing this project to fruition. We would now like to offer a synoptic overview of the Special Issue, proceeding section by section and paper by paper. Our hope is that the reader will find this unique effort to marry science and philosophy both meaningful and enjoyable. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  3. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dimitrijevic, M. S.; Popovic, L. C.

    . Orlov Paolo Paolicchi Paul Paquet Genadij I. Pinigin Sylvie Sahal-Brechot Dan Selaru N. D. Simonenko Eduardo Simonneau A. Shul'ga Magdalena Stavinschi Cristina Stoica T. I. Suchkova Emil Tatomir Svetlana A. Tolchelnikova-Muri V. I. Turenkov Margarita Yu. Volyanskaya A. Yu. Yacenko Vincento Zappala G. Zhen-Nian We are grateful to these authors for having chosen our journal, thereby conferring on the Serbian Astronomical Journal an international standing. This is also a suitable opportunity to thank the numerous referees who contributed to our Journal being better. During this period the referees officially registered (a number of them, mainly belonging to the editorial boards, remain unregistered) have been (in Brackets is the number of papers they reviewed): Trajko Angelov (11) Jelisaveta Arsenijevic (4) Olga Atanackovic-Vukmanovic (4) Milutin Blagojevic (1) Markyan S. Chubey (1) B. Ciric (2) Miodrag Dacic (2) Milan S. Dimitrijevic (43) Gojko Djurasevic (1) B. Djuric (1) Dragutin Djurovic (5) Stevica Djurovic (3) Petar Grujic (5) Slobodan Jankov (1) Zoran Knezevic (7) Nikola Konjevic (6) Vladimir Krsljanin (2) Aleksandar Kubicela (12) Mike Kuzmanoski (10) Jaroslav Labat (1) Jovan Lazovic (1) Ilija Lukacevic (5) Jovan Malisic (1) Milan Mijatov (1) Jelena Milogradov-Turin (2) Vladeta Milovanovic (6) Ljubisa Mitic (22) Radovan Mrkic (1) Ranko Muzijevic (4) Slobodan Ninkovic (30) Dragomir Olevic (3) Nada Pejovic (1) Georgije Popovic (18) Luka C. Popovic (12) Sofija Sadzakov (28) Jovan Simovljevic (7) Nicholas Spyrou (1) Bozidar Stanic (1) Miroljub Starcevic (1) S. Starcevic (1) Magdalena Stavinschi (1) Dragoljub Stefanovic (1) Dusan Saletic (9) Stevo Segan (1) Branislav Sevarlic (16) Djordje Teleki (10) Istvan Vince (42) Mirjana Vukicevic-Karabin (1) Vincento Zappala (1) Danilo Zulevic (2) In our register, in which M.S.D. began entering the submitted articles from January 1st, 1984, up to now, 455 of them are inscribed. A part of them has been published in Publications of

  4. EDITORIAL: Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kushner, M. J.

    2008-02-01

    It is my pleasure to welcome the authors and readership of Plasma Sources Science and Technology (PSST) to volume 17. We have enjoyed a successful 16 years of growth under the guidance of our founding Editor-in-Chief, Professor Noah Hershkowitz, resulting in PSST gaining the confidence and respect of the plasma community. PSST has established itself as the journal of choice for dissemination of research results on the fundamentals of low-temperature plasmas. It has achieved this position through its rigorous reviewing process that improves the quality of our already excellent contributions. This was accomplished with the dedicated efforts of our reviewers and cooperation of our authors, to whom I am grateful. I am hoping we can continue to count on your support. I am confident that we will build upon our past successes by continuing to improve the journal and better serve the low temperature plasma community. I am pleased to introduce Professor William G Graham (Queen's University of Belfast) and Professor M C M (Richard) van der Sanden (Eindhoven University of Technology) who have joined the leadership team as Associate Editors. I am also pleased that Professor Hershkowitz has agreed to continue to serve PSST as an Associate Editor. Bill, Richard and Noah will share the editorial duties with me in selecting referees, assessing their comments and communicating with authors. Ms Caroline Wilkinson will continue to expertly serve as our IOP Publishing contact. The Editorial Board is critically important to the continued success and growth of the journal. Their efforts in providing advice and guidance, and in suggesting (and often guest editing) special issues are greatly appreciated. As we enter our seventeenth year, it is an appropriate time to revisit the guiding principles of the journal. PSST serves a unique mission in addressing fundamental issues in the science and technology of low-temperature plasmas and so distinguishes itself from more applications

  5. EDITORIAL: Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-02-01

    To open this first issue of 2009 I would like to update you on the current state of the Journal and to look ahead to our plans and goals for the year ahead. I am delighted to report that Plasma Sources Science and Technology (PSST) is in excellent health and in 2008 enjoyed the highest number of annual submissions in its history. The number of papers downloaded from our online services increased by 25% compared with the previous year, indicating that the Journal is reaching a wider audience than ever before. Our Impact Factor (2.12) remains high and very competitive with other journals in the field. The success of the Journal is of course a reflection of the excellent research which is being conducted by the plasma physics community. I extend my thanks to our authors for continuing to choose PSST as a forum to report on for their outstanding work and to our referees, whose insightful comments and constructive criticism are instrumental in maintaining the quality of our publication. My many thanks also go to Richard van de Sanden, Bill Graham and Noah Hershkowitz and to the team at IOP Publishing who have supported me through my first full year as Editor-in-Chief. I particularly thank Caroline Wilkinson for her mentoring guidance. At the beginning of 2008 we introduced a revised Editorial Policy which emphasized the need for all papers submitted in PSST to focus on fundamental plasma properties (http://www.iop.org/EJ/journal/-page=scope/0963-0252 link to scope page). Our intention was to re-affirm the original guiding principles of the Journal and to strengthen its identity as a unique destination for research into the fundamental science of low temperature plasmas. The task of enforcing this policy---while remaining responsive to new areas of research---has proven to be quite a challenge. On occasion deciding whether a submission falls within or outside of the editorial policy comes down to a 'judgement-call' on the part of the editorial team. It is in cases like

  6. EDITORIAL: Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kushner, M. J.

    2009-02-01

    To open this first issue of 2009 I would like to update you on the current state of the Journal and to look ahead to our plans and goals for the year ahead. I am delighted to report that Plasma Sources Science and Technology (PSST) is in excellent health and in 2008 enjoyed the highest number of annual submissions in its history. The number of papers downloaded from our online services increased by 25% compared with the previous year, indicating that the Journal is reaching a wider audience than ever before. Our Impact Factor (2.12) remains high and very competitive with other journals in the field. The success of the Journal is of course a reflection of the excellent research which is being conducted by the plasma physics community. I extend my thanks to our authors for continuing to choose PSST as a forum to report on for their outstanding work and to our referees, whose insightful comments and constructive criticism are instrumental in maintaining the quality of our publication. My many thanks also go to Richard van de Sanden, Bill Graham and Noah Hershkowitz and to the team at IOP Publishing who have supported me through my first full year as Editor-in-Chief. I particularly thank Caroline Wilkinson for her mentoring guidance. At the beginning of 2008 we introduced a revised Editorial Policy which emphasized the need for all papers submitted in PSST to focus on fundamental plasma properties (http://www.iop.org/EJ/journal/-page=scope/0963-0252 link to scope page). Our intention was to re-affirm the original guiding principles of the Journal and to strengthen its identity as a unique destination for research into the fundamental science of low temperature plasmas. The task of enforcing this policy---while remaining responsive to new areas of research---has proven to be quite a challenge. On occasion deciding whether a submission falls within or outside of the editorial policy comes down to a 'judgement-call' on the part of the editorial team. It is in cases like

  7. EDITORIAL: Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balantekin, A. B.

    2005-03-01

    I am delighted to be assuming the position of Editor-in-Chief for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics for the next five years. J. Phys. G is at an exciting juncture in its history, with 2005 marking the journal's 31st year of publication. In the past few years the journal has truly blossomed under the guidance of its previous Editors, Lee Schroeder and Horst Stöcker, and I look forward to building on their excellent work towards developing the journal to its full potential. Since 2001, article submissions have increased by 55% and the average time from receipt of a paper to a first decision has decreased to only 45 days. Last year J. Phys. G redrafted its scope to strengthen its support for physicists working in the interface areas where nuclear physics, particle physics and astrophysics meet, sharing common goals and language, as well as instrumentation techniques. J. Phys. G has been very successful in attracting papers in these interface areas, especially in quark matter physics by developing close relationships with this community. As Editor, I plan to continue to broaden the spectrum covered and especially to strengthen our coverage in the areas of neutrino physics and fundamental symmetries, whilst keeping the coverage of hadron physics and quark matter strong. I will work closely with our distinguished Editorial Board and excellent editorial team to ensure that we continue raising the quality of accepted papers in the journal and keep processing times to a minimum. With this team in place, I am confident that J. Phys. G will continue to go from strength to strength. Finally, a journal's success depends very much on the efforts of the volunteer referees and I thank them for all their hard work.

  8. Farewell editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jérome, Denis

    2007-05-01

    Since my appointment as the Editor-in-Chief of Europhysics Letters (EPL) is reaching its regular end, I wish to thank all my colleagues who have devoted a lot of their time and energy to the success of the journal. I wish to address my gratitude to the members of the Editorial Office in Mulhouse who have contributed to make EPL the fastest letters journal for evaluated articles with an efficient handling of the manuscripts and a renovated website. These improvements are also due to a large extent to the Production Office and Distribution Department located in Bologna and Orsay-Les Ulis, respectively. In order to reach the present level all our colleagues from the Editorial Board have generously devoted much effort to make the evaluation process of the manuscripts fair and comprehensive including better services such as the highlights procedure offered to the best articles. Consequently, the number of submissions has increased by 37% between 2004 and 2006 together with a concomitant rise of published papers despite the drop of the acceptance rate, now at 46%. What makes EPL and its Editorial Board different from most other letters journal is the active contribution of highly qualified scientists acting as non-professional editors. EPL is on good grounds to become the first partner of the project for an open Physics Publishing Platform (P3) based in Europe and I wish good winds to the flagship of the European Fleet.

  9. Editorial Note

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Meer, F.; Ommen Kloeke, E.

    2015-07-01

    With this editorial note we would like to update you on the performance of the International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation (JAG) and inform you about changes that have been made to the composition of the editorial team. Our Journal publishes original papers that apply earth observation data for the management of natural resources and the environment. Environmental issues include biodiversity, land degradation, industrial pollution and natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods and landslides. As such the scope is broad and ranges from conceptual and more fundamental work on earth observation and geospatial sciences to the more problem-solving type of work. When I took over the role of Editor-in-Chief in 2012, I together with the Publisher set myself the mission to position JAG in the top-3 of the remote sensing and GIS journals. To do so we strived at attracting high quality and high impact papers to the journal and to reduce the review turnover time to make JAG a more attractive medium for publications. What has been achieved? Have we reached our ambitions? We can say that: The submissions have increased over the years with over 23% for the last 12 months. Naturally not all may lead to more papers, but at least a portion of the additional submissions should lead to a growth in journal content and quality.

  10. EDITORIAL: Metrologia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blackburn, D. A.

    1991-01-01

    Visually, this issue of Metrologia differs markedly from those of recent years. The cover is changed and the layout of articles is not quite what it was before. Older readers, however, may notice that the colour of our new cover is that used for the original eleven volumes published in the period 1965-1975. The choice is deliberate: this combination of innovation with a respect for older forms characterizes the way Metrologia will operate under its new publisher the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. In discussion of the new Metrologia, one decision was firm: our underlying editorial policy remains fixed. Metrologia will remain a primary vehicle through which the metrological community communicates progress in fundamental scientific measurements, reports original experiments and techniques, reviews work in specialist fields and disseminates the decisions of the Comité International des Poids et Mesures. This year, we plan six issues. Four will be regular research issues, one, appearing mid-Summer, will record the proceedings of the meeting held in Davos, Switzerland 20-22 September 1990 on "New Developments and Advances in Optical Radiometry III" and another, towards the end of the year, will review progress in Nanometrology. If successful, the pattern will be repeated, the intention being that the research issues continue Metrologia's historical line of interest, the conference issues expose the journal to new authors and the review issues realize a long-standing, but largely inactive, objective of editorial policy, the provision of retrospective evaluations of important topics and the assessment of likely developments in selected aspects of metrology.

  11. Editorial statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-10-01

    We are pleased to present this Second Special Issue on Interdisciplinary Aspects of Piezoelectric Technologies in Integrated Systems. The first issue of this series was published in March 2013 (MSSP, vol. 36(1)) and contained chosen articles presented at the International Conference on Mechatronic Systems and Materials as well as regular papers on this subject. This first issue contained 17 articles presenting the state of the art regarding the control and practical use of piezoelectric materials. It should be noted that the development of science in this area is very rapid, has a multidisciplinary character and encompasses many areas of science. Thus the decision to publish a new issue from the 'Piezoelectricity' series, to sum up recent works in this area. Similarly to the first issue, some the articles were based on presentations at the 8th International Conference 'Mechatronic Systems and Materials' held in July 2014 in Opole, Poland, and others having been submitted as regular articles to the editorial office. For this Special Issue, 12 articles were chosen, being thematically divided according to the following issues: piezoelectric actuators (5 articles), design and control issues regarding piezoelectric transducers (2 articles), detection of damage in the laboratory and technical scale (3 articles), modeling of discrete systems using piezoelectric materials (1 article), and the construction and control of measurement systems based on piezoelectric sensors (1 article). A brief summary about the content of the articles has been presented below.

  12. Indexing Editorial Cartoons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapple-Sokol, Angie

    1996-01-01

    Discusses access to editorial cartoons, including the importance and worth of editorial cartoons; sources, including newspapers, museums, and special cartoon collections; indexing and classification; subject access; indexing by illustrator and subject; technology and access, including digital data; access to special collections; and access to…

  13. Editorial: Progress and prospects

    Treesearch

    Paul H. Gobster; Wei-Ning. Xiang

    2012-01-01

    A year has passed since the new leadership of this journal was officially introduced in an editorial for the Special Issue commemorating our 100th volume of publication. That editorial and several of the contributed essays to the Special Issue offered ideas for strengthening the journal and clarifying its mission for moving forward. These ideas have since been...

  14. Nuevo Observatorio Virtual Argentino

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tissera, P. B.

    We summarized the main events in the creation of the Nuevo Observatorio Virtual Argentino (NOVA) and its objectives. We also discuss the present advances and the goals for the near future. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  15. Editorial Reviewers for 2000

    PubMed Central

    2000-01-01

    The editorial staff of The American Journal of Human Genetics would like to thank the following scientists for their invaluable assistance in reviewing manuscripts from July 1, 1999, through June 30, 2000. We would like to extend special recognition to the following for reviewing five or more papers during this time period.

  16. Editorial: The Skewed Curve.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bausell, R. Barker

    1995-01-01

    This editorial provides an informal review of "The Bell Curve" (Herrnstein and Murray, 1994). The book, packaged as scientific writing, is an attack on affirmative action and on government attempts to foster egalitarianism. It is a political treatise that assumes that racial differences in intelligence are valid and genetic. (SLD)

  17. Editorial Reviewers for 2002

    PubMed Central

    2002-01-01

    The editorial staff of The American Journal of Human Genetics would like to thank the following scientists for their invaluable assistance in reviewing manuscripts from July 1, 2001, through June 30, 2002. We would like to extend special recognition to the following for reviewing five or more papers in this time period.

  18. Editorial Reviewers for 2004

    PubMed Central

    2004-01-01

    The editorial staff of The American Journal of Human Genetics thanks the following scientists for their invaluable assistance in reviewing manuscripts from July 1, 2003, through June 30, 2004. We extend special recognition to the following for reviewing five or more papers in this time period.

  19. Editorial Reviewers for 2003

    PubMed Central

    2003-01-01

    The editorial staff of The American Journal of Human Genetics would like to thank the following scientists for their invaluable assistance in reviewing manuscripts from July 1, 2002, through June 30, 2003. We would like to extend special recognition to the following for reviewing five or more papers in this time period.

  20. Editorial on Norman Borlaug

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    A three paragraph editorial about Norman Borlaug and his work to produce semi-dwarf wheats for improved food production on a world scale. His work in Mexico, since 1944, resulted in many developing countries, especially in the subAsian continent, becoming self sufficient in wheat production. Borla...

  1. Getting it right [Editorial

    Treesearch

    William M. Block

    2007-01-01

    Manuscripts contain a vast amount of information. Some of this information summarizes the state-of-knowledge and sets the stage for the paper. Other information presents data and summarizes analysis. Lastly, results are interpreted in the form of a discussion and management implications. Although a number of checks in the review and editorial processes catch errors...

  2. Writing an editorial.

    PubMed

    Peh, W C; Ng, K H

    2010-08-01

    An editorial may be written by the editor or someone invited by the editor. It serves many other purposes, including critiques of original articles published in the same issue of the journal, concise reviews of topics that do not warrant a full-length invited review, and other topics on very recent developments that are deemed by the editor to be important to readers of the journal and the community. As there is typically a limited space in which to deliver its contents, the message contained in the editorial needs to be well thought out and concisely delivered. It should contain the correct sequence of the elements of critical argument, ideally supported by evidence, and end with a clear conclusion.

  3. Editorial Special Issue: Neuronus

    PubMed Central

    Van der Lubbe, Rob H. J.; Kuniecki, Michał

    2016-01-01

    This special issue of the 12th volume of Advances in Cognitive Psychology is devoted to the Neuronus conference that took place in Kraków in 2015. In this editorial letter, we will focus on a selection of the materials and some follow-up research that was presented during this conference. We will also briefly introduce the conference contributions that successfully passed an external reviewing process. PMID:28154611

  4. Editorial: acceptance criteria and editorial procedures for Optics Letters.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xi-Cheng; Andersen, Peter E; Justus, Brian L; Galtarossa, Andrea

    2014-09-01

    Optics Letters Editors strive to provide timely reviews and decisions for authors while bringing top quality papers to the optics community. The purpose of this editorial is to explain Optics Letters' acceptance criteria and editorial procedures. Our hope is that greater transparency concerning the decision-making process will increase understanding as well as acceptance of our criteria and procedures.

  5. 49 CFR Appendix - Editorial Note:

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Editorial Note: Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES Operating Administrations.... Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting appendix A to part 1, see the List of CFR Sections...

  6. Out with the old [Editorial

    Treesearch

    Michael L. Morrison; William M. Block

    2007-01-01

    In this, our last editorial as Editors-in-Chief (EICs) of the Journal of Wildlife Management (JWM), we want to outline how this journal has changed in the past few years, make a few comments on our editorial philosophy and what we hope we accomplished, and make a recommendation for expanding the publishing opportunities in The Wildlife Society (TWS).

  7. Editorial: Acid precipitation

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    This editorial focuses on acid rain and the history of public and governmental response to acid rain. Comments on a book by Gwineth Howell `Acid Rain and Acid Waters` are included. The editor feels that Howells has provide a service to the environmental scientific community, with a textbook useful to a range of people, as well as a call for decision makers to learn from the acid rain issue and use it as a model for more sweeping global environmental issues. A balance is needed among several parameters such as level of evidence, probability that the evidence will lead to a specific direction and the cost to the global community. 1 tab.

  8. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Editorial developments Editorial developments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-01-01

    I am delighted to inform you that from January 2010 Professor Alfred K Louis of the University of Saarland, Germany, will be the new Editor-in-Chief of Inverse Problems. Alfred joins us with a wealth of experience and a great deal of respect from the community. He has served the journal in a number of ways as an Editorial Board member, outstanding reviewer and author. We very much look forward to working with him to continue to publish the highest quality articles in the field and build on our extremely successful special section and topical review programmes. Whilst welcoming Alfred to the position, we are also keen to thank our outgoing Editor-in-Chief, Professor Bill Symes, for the fabulous job that he has done over the past five years. Under Bill's direction, Inverse Problems has gone from strength to strength. In fact, in the last year we have taken the step of moving from six to 12 issues a year, reflecting the increased number of high-quality papers submitted to the journal. During the last five years we have published a wide range of fantastic special sections and topical reviews, including a celebration of the journal's 25th year (issue 12 2009), in which Bill played a pivotal role. We are very much looking forward to 2010 and will be celebrating our 25th birthday further with a selection of highlighted articles chosen from the past 25 years. We hope that you will continue to enjoy reading the journal. If you have any feedback, comments or questions, please do not hesitate to contact us at ip@iop.org. Zoë Crossman Publisher

  9. EDITORIAL: Editor's Introduction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blackburn, D. A.

    1990-01-01

    Since its first issue in 1965 Metrologia has had just three editors, a history of tenure which suggests that those who hold the post find in it sufficient to interest, occupy, challenge and amuse them. I see no reason to doubt that this happy circumstance will continue and look forward to my own period as editor with the intention of retaining, insofar as I am able to interpret them, the best traditions the journal has established so far. As I take up my editorial duties I have become aware that surrounding Metrologia there is a small community of authors, reviewers and readers on whose support the success of the journal entirely depends. It is a community in which the roles change daily with some of its members engaged, even simultaneously, as reader, reviewer and author. I am well aware that the goodwill extended to me as I enter this community is in no small part due the efforts of the outgoing editor, Dr Ralph Hudson, whose easy, engaging and courteous, yet firm, relationship with authors and reviewers emerges clearly from editorial correspondence. I thank him for that he has done and wish him an active and happy retirement. A short foray into the records of Metrologia shows - in the first editorial - that four main kinds of article were originally envisaged: research articles likely to contribute to progress in fundamental scientific measurements, reports of experiments or techniques of particular importance or originality in the area of secondary measurement, articles concerning the decisions of the Comité International des Poids et Mesures, and review articles. No balance was specified but a priority was assigned to articles dealing with fundamental metrology. Of the four categories, the first two represent the core of Metrologia's activity and largely determine its reputation as a publication. For this reason, editorial implementation of the policy set by the CIPM is mainly exercised through the operation of a reviewing system which is intentionally strict

  10. Editorial behaviors in peer review.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wei; Kong, Xiangjie; Zhang, Jun; Chen, Zhen; Xia, Feng; Wang, Xianwen

    2016-01-01

    Editors play a critical role in the peer review system. How do editorial behaviors affect the performance of peer review? No quantitative model to date allows us to measure the influence of editorial behaviors on different peer review stages such as, manuscript distribution and final decision making. Here, we propose an agent-based model in which the process of peer review is guided mainly by the social interactions among three kinds of agents representing authors, editors and reviewers respectively. We apply this model to analyze a number of editorial behaviors such as decision strategy, number of reviewers and editorial bias on peer review. We find out that peer review outcomes are significantly sensitive to different editorial behaviors. With a small fraction (10 %) of biased editors, the quality of accepted papers declines 11 %, which indicates that effects of editorial biased behavior is worse than that of biased reviewers (7 %). While several peer review models exist, this is the first account for the study of editorial behaviors that is validated on the basis of simulation analysis.

  11. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Editorial developments Editorial developments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gillan, Rebecca

    2009-01-01

    that make outstanding contributions to the field and we look forward to awarding the inaugural prizes in May 2009. With the help of Murray Batchelor and our distinguished Editorial Board, we will be working to further improve the quality of the journal whilst continuing to offer excellent services to our readers, authors and referees. We hope that you benefit from reading the journal. If you have any comments or questions, please do not hesitate to contact us at jphysa@iop.org. Rebecca Gillan Publisher

  12. EDITORIAL: Happy New Year!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Xue-ming

    2006-02-01

    As many of you are aware that Chinese science is at the crucial stage of development. We are now seeing more and more high quality works being produced by Chinese scientists working in China. However, high quality scientific works are rarely published in Chinese scientific journals so far. Therefore, the development of scientific journals publishing in China now becomes a more and more important indication of the science development in China. In the development of the chemical physics research field in China, the Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics (CJCP) has made significant contributions in the past 18 years. Since CJCP is primarily a Journal published in Chinese previously, its impact in the international scientific community has been quite limited. At this moment, we believe CJCP should increase its impact in the international community. We believe that making CJCP an English journal is a crucial step to increase its influence internationally. Therefore, upon the recommendation of senior editorial members, we now change CJCP into an full English journal from this issue on. We have also formed a high quality editorial board to help the editorial matters in CJCP, and a prestigious advisory board to advise us of the future development. I am very honored to be selected as the new Editor-in-Chief for the next four years. I hope by the end of my term, the impact of this journal is significantly improved through the efforts of our editorial team. Building a high quality scientific journal is not an easy task. I hope that every member of our chemical physics community can provide strong support to this journal by sending your high quality research papers in the future. We are also thinking about adding new sections of this journal to attract more readers. With the support of our community, I am confident that we can make this journal a more successful one. Here, I want to take this opportunity to thank the great leadership provided by the Editor-in-Chief since the

  13. Editorial: Approaching 125.

    PubMed

    Goodman, Sherryl

    2012-02-01

    With this issue, beginning Volume 121, the editorial team shifts from the strong leadership of David Watson to a team under my direction. Approaching 125 years of publication, the Journal of Abnormal Psychology has earned its place as the preeminent outlet for research in psychopathology. With gratitude to the newly assembled team of associate editors (AEs), consulting editors, and ad hoc reviewers, I look forward to guiding the journal through this next term. Nine well-respected scholars have agreed to serve as AEs: Timothy Brown, Laurie Chassin, Jeff Epstein, Jutta Joormann, Pamela Keel, Kate Keenan, Scott Lilienfeld, Angus MacDonald, and Michael Young. The new team is dedicated to working tirelessly to maintain and enhance the journal's esteemed tradition of excellence. Given the well-established strengths of the journal, I will not suggest any fundamental changes. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.

  14. What Is Business Communication? (Editorial).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinsch, Lamar

    1991-01-01

    Offers an editorial, in an experimental spirit, that develops a narrow definition for communication, organization, manager, and business and narrow definitions for organizational communication, management communication, and business communication. (MG)

  15. Multimedia Fusion Era Editorial Role

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jinglei, Nie

    With digital technology, the rapid development of new technology, digital media era has arrived, a variety of media have emerged a new trend of convergence. Then, edit the Multimedia Fusion should be the role of? The thesis that edit roles should highlight three areas: one is the more prominent editorial guidance function; the second is more focused on editorial planning function; the third is the more prominent editing creativity.

  16. Editorial bias in scientific publications.

    PubMed

    Matías-Guiu, J; García-Ramos, R

    2011-01-01

    Many authors believe that there are biases in scientific publications. Editorial biases include publication bias; which refers to those situations where the results influence the editor's decision, and editorial bias refers to those situations where factors related with authors or their environment influence the decision. This paper includes an analysis of the situation of editorial biases. One bias is where mainly articles with positive results are accepted, as opposed to those with negative results. Another is latent bias, where positive results are published before those with negative results. In order to examine editorial bias, this paper analyses the influence of where the article originated; the country or continent, academic centre of origin, belonging to cooperative groups, and the maternal language of the authors. The article analyses biases in the editorial process in the publication of funded clinical trials. Editorial biases exists. Authors, when submitting their manuscript, should analyse different journals and decide where their article will receive adequate treatment. Copyright © 2010 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  17. Reflections on our Model Validation editorial

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bredehoeft, John D.; Konikow, Leonard F.

    2012-01-01

    This reprinted editorial from 1993 helps to celebrate the legacy of ideas that have influenced generations of hydrogeologists. Drs. Bredehoeft and Konikow kindly provided the following reflections on their editorial.

  18. Editorial: In Memoriam

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaskill, Jack D.

    1986-03-01

    At 10:30 a.m. EST on January 28, 1986, 73 seconds after liftoff from its Cape Canaveral launch pad, the space shuttle Challenger was destroyed by a catastrophic explosion and the seven crew members aboard were killed. I wish to dedicate this editorial to the memory of her crew: Francis R. Scobee-Shuttle Commander, Michael J. Smith-Shuttle Pilot, Ronald E. McNair-Mission Specialist, Ellison S. Onizuka-Mission Specialist, Judith A. Resnik-Mission Specialist, Gregory B. Jarvis-Payload Specialist, Christa McAuliffe-Space Flight Participant. I believe that I am speaking for all the officers, governors, members, and staff of SPIE in expressing our heartfelt sorrow to the families and friends of these seven dedicated space pioneers. I also trust that I am speaking for all of us in SPIE in encouraging the United States to press ahead with its space program and to ensure that the Challenger's crew did not give their lives in vain.

  19. [Editorial independence and scientific publications].

    PubMed

    Matías-Guiu, J; García-Ramos, R

    2010-01-01

    Various cases of editors of leading journals resigning has led to a debate on the question of editorial independence, understood as the unconditional freedom of editors to approve the contents of their journals. An analysis is made of cases in which editorial independence has been questioned, as well as the position those who resolutely defend it against those who consider that it must be limited by the institutions of which they are their organs of expression. Editors of scientific publications not only have to be judges of the articles they receive, but they must also be judged by their decisions, and editorial independence cannot be a refuge for personal stances. By independence it must be understood as the meticulousness in accepting manuscripts and the application of transparent criteria.

  20. EDITORIAL: Editor's Farewell

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hudson, R. P.

    1989-01-01

    The completion of Volume 26, 1989, marked the end of my tenure as Editor of Metrologia. My association with the journal, its parent body the Comité International des Poids et Mesures, its host organization the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, the publishers Springer-Verlag and last (but by no means least) the Editorial Board, has been a pleasant one and I trust that the subscribers will have found the product to be generally satisfactory. There have been, it is true, some disappointments along the way and I shall mention two of these while expressing the hope that the new Editor will enjoy a greater success in their regard. First is the question of circulation, which has stayed dangerously low, although the shrinkage has tapered off in the most recent years. Because of the narrow public support, the costs of production are relatively high and this, through a consequently high subscription rate, tends to enshrine the unsatisfactory state of affairs. Modest schemes to broaden the journal's appeal and bring in a wider readership have foundered upon the first step, namely, that of procuring from staff members of the national standards laboratories the hoped-for articles which would discuss the state of the art in delivering the highest-quality measurement services to the public. However, some very interesting and bolder schemes are presently under discussion. I had also hoped to leaven the journal's content a little by regularly appearing articles on the latest developments within the great national laboratories. But, as with technical review articles, it has proven very difficult to find the right authors who can also spare the time, and only a few laboratories have found it possible to collaborate. In taking my leave, it remains for me to thank all the contributors, referees and readers for their support, to express the hope of an ever brighter future for Metrologia and to wish to the new Editor, Dr D A Blackburn, a happy and successful tenure.

  1. Big3. Editorial

    PubMed Central

    Lehmann, Christoph U.; Séroussi, Brigitte; Jaulent, Marie-Christine

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objectives To provide an editorial introduction into the 2014 IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics with an overview of the content, the new publishing scheme, and upcoming 25th anniversary. Methods A brief overview of the 2014 special topic, Big Data - Smart Health Strategies, and an outline of the novel publishing model is provided in conjunction with a call for proposals to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Yearbook. Results ‘Big Data’ has become the latest buzzword in informatics and promise new approaches and interventions that can improve health, well-being, and quality of life. This edition of the Yearbook acknowledges the fact that we just started to explore the opportunities that ‘Big Data’ will bring. However, it will become apparent to the reader that its pervasive nature has invaded all aspects of biomedical informatics – some to a higher degree than others. It was our goal to provide a comprehensive view at the state of ‘Big Data’ today, explore its strengths and weaknesses, as well as its risks, discuss emerging trends, tools, and applications, and stimulate the development of the field through the aggregation of excellent survey papers and working group contributions to the topic. Conclusions For the first time in history will the IMIA Yearbook be published in an open access online format allowing a broader readership especially in resource poor countries. For the first time, thanks to the online format, will the IMIA Yearbook be published twice in the year, with two different tracks of papers. We anticipate that the important role of the IMIA yearbook will further increase with these changes just in time for its 25th anniversary in 2016. PMID:24853037

  2. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Editorial developments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-01-01

    that make outstanding contributions to the field and we look forward to awarding the inaugural prizes in May 2009. With the help of Murray Batchelor and our distinguished Editorial Board, we will be working to further improve the quality of the journal whilst continuing to offer excellent services to our readers, authors and referees. We hope that you benefit from reading the journal. If you have any comments or questions, please do not hesitate to contact us at jphysa@iop.org. Rebecca Gillan Publisher

  3. EDITORIAL: Trends in Nanotechnology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Correia, Antonio; Serena, Pedro A.; Saenz, Juan Jose; Welland, Mark; Reifenberger, Ron

    2004-04-01

    With effect from August 2004 the journal Nanotechnology will discontinue the `Letters to the Editor' section. The increase in publication speed achieved for all articles now means that letters have no advantage. Fully electronic publication processes including electronic submission, refereeing and proofing, ensure that all papers are processed with minimum delay and are published as soon as they are ready. The journal will continue to publish high-quality original research papers, reviews and tutorials, as well as papers on the ethical and societal implications of nanotechnology at the discretion of the Editorial Board. All submitted papers will undergo a pre-selection procedure for suitability by the Editors of the journal. If a paper is accepted for consideration by the journal it will be sent to independent experts in the field for peer review. To speed up the publication process, we encourage authors to suggest five independent experts in their field as potential referees and supply their title, name, affiliation and e-mail address. The Editors of the journal may use these names at their discretion. Authors may also request that certain people are not to be used as referees. Papers of special interest will be given the utmost priority and on acceptance will be publicized further through worldwide press releases and reviews on the Institute of Physics website and on nanotechweb.org. As a service to authors and to the international physics community, and as part of our commitment to give authors' work as much visibility as possible, all papers are freely available online for 30 days from their electronic publication date. This means open access for citations to everyone in the world. We will also send an electronic offprint of your published paper to ten colleagues of your choice, giving your article an increased chance of being cited quickly. In the meantime, we are pleased to announce an increase in the Impact Factor of the journal in 2003 to 2.304, which means

  4. Discriminants of Editorial Decision Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warner, W. Keith; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Explores editorial decision processes and outcomes using manuscripts reviewed for "Rural Sociology" from 1978-81. Examines 10 characteristics of successful and unsuccessful manuscripts and finds 5 characteristics constituting a discriminant function model: number of review rounds, author membership in Rural Sociological Society, referee…

  5. EDITORIAL: Quanta and leaps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobson, Ken

    2000-11-01

    oscillating light `waves' had to be quantized as well. Several articles in this issue of Physics Education celebrate the first year of the quantum, 1900. I am grateful and beholden to Board Member and co-editor Gren Ireson for his contacts and nomination of the various contributors. It does seem strange, however, a full century after its discovery full of its amazing success that the essential quantum nature of practically everything is still kept hidden from school students, in the UK at least. Let's see what happens in the coming century. Now for another quantum leap. This is the last issue of Physics Education that I shall have the honour of editing. In fact, I shall leap into historical obscurity as the very last honorary editor. Great efforts by your Editorial Board - over a fair number of years! - have resulted in a radical reorganizing of both the journal and the way it is produced. It's been an interesting five years, a time of falling numbers but quite radical innovations in post-16 physics education. IoPP and the IoP are working together to revitalize what may have been seen by many as a staid if respectable and authoritative publication. We shall keep the authority and even respectability but hope to liven things up a bit. The new editor is Kerry Parker of Sheffield College. She will take on a stronger role than I and my predecessors have had, and will be working at IoPP in Bristol two days a week. There are many obvious advantages in this, and I look forward to seeing the new design and approach that will start with the January 2000 issue. So, it's goodbye from me - and also from the unsung heroine of Physics Education for even longer. Managing Editor Dr Jill Membrey has been doing the really hard work at Bristol for many years, but is now moving on to other things at IoPP. I am extremely grateful for the highly professional care and support she has provided for myself and the Editorial Board over the years. The new Managing Editor is Andrea Pomroy, who arrives at

  6. EDITORIAL: Physical Biology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roscoe, Jane

    2004-06-01

    Physical Biology is a new peer-reviewed publication from Institute of Physics Publishing. Launched in 2004, the journal will foster the integration of biology with the traditionally more quantitative fields of physics, chemistry, computer science and other math-based disciplines. Its primary aim is to further the understanding of biological systems at all levels of complexity, ranging from the role of structure and dynamics of a single molecule to cellular networks and organisms. The journal encourages the development of a new biology-driven physics based on the extraordinary and increasingly rich data arising in biology, and provides research directions for those involved in the creation of novel bio-engineered systems. Physical Biology will publish a stimulating combination of full length research articles, communications, perspectives, reviews and tutorials from a wide range of disciplines covering topics such as: Single-molecule studies and nanobiotechnology Molecular interactions and protein folding Charge transfer and photobiology Ion channels; structure, function and ion regulation Molecular motors and force generation Subcellular processes Biological networks and neural systems Modeling aspects of molecular and cell biology Cell-cell signaling and interaction Biological patterns and development Evolutionary processes Novel tools and methods in physical biology Experts in the areas encompassed by the journal's scope have been appointed to the Editorial Scientific Committee and the composition of the Committee will be updated regularly to reflect the developments in this new and exciting field. Physical Biology is free online to everyone in 2004; you are invited to take advantage of this offer by visiting the journal homepage at http://physbio.iop.org This special print edition of Physical Biology is a combination of issues 1 and 2 of this electronic-only journal and it brings together an impressive range of articles in the fields covered, including a popular

  7. EDITORIAL: Teaching physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allday, Jonathan

    1998-11-01

    King's School, Canterbury, UK I'm working on the Physics joke book. So far I have only one joke.... Ah, sorry. That was the last thing I wrote for this section. It's easy to get confused. Now, let us be clear about one thing for a start. This is not some less than subtle bid to take over the Editorship of this journal (proof by induction: you write editorials, therefore you are the editor). Fear not, readers, there is no revolt in the ranks! Fans of Ken Dobson will be glad to know that he will return to this space soon. My presence on successive occasions is just an unfortunate coincidence of timing. This issue is one of our regular special features where we take a topic and dedicate the journal to its exploration. Colleagues reading this in universities or colleges of higher education will forgive (I hope) the bias of this edition to `From the Classroom'. We intend this issue to launch a column that will be regular, but not necessarily in every issue, in which ideas taken from the classroom experience of our readers are presented. With that in mind, we openly invite contributions for this column. The sort of thing we are looking for is that tip, experiment, way of explaining an idea or nice example of a principle, which may not be of your own invention but may well be new to inexperienced teachers or new recruits to the profession. It is not just limited to those at the chalk face. We will welcome contributions from Heads of Department and Heads of Science who may well have valuable advice and hints to pass on to people taking on departmental responsibilities. There are myriad problems associated with departmental budgets, examinations, management of resources and people etc that the newly promoted have to face from day one. We can all learn from the experience of others. The contributions need not be long; they can be in the form of a paper or a letter or a brief remark. The important thing is that, just because you have known about a trick of the trade for as

  8. EDITORIAL: On plagiarism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Simon; Webb, Steve; Hendee, William R.

    2008-03-01

    Plagiarism Plagiarism is, we are pleased to observe, not a common occurrence in Physics in Medicine & Biology (PMB); however, like those responsible for all scientific journals, we are concerned about plagiarism, and very keen to prevent it. The Publications Committee of the International Organization of Medical Physics (IOMP) has prepared a generic editorial on plagiarism. The editorial is reproduced here (with permission of the IOMP), with slight modifications to enhance its relevance to the audience of PMB, along with our procedures for dealing with any cases of plagiarism should they ever arise. Plagiarism (from the Latin 'plagiare', 'to kidnap') is defined as 'the appropriation or imitation of the language, ideas, and thoughts of another author, and representation of them as one's original work' (the Random House Dictionary of the English Language—unabridged). Plagiarism is a serious breach of research ethics that, if committed intentionally, is considered research misconduct. Plagiarism in its most serious form is the passing off of all, or large sections, of another author's published paper as one's original work. If, following appropriate confidential investigation (see below), such a plagiarism is established, this will result in heavy sanctions including retraction of the article, up to a 5 year publication ban from PMB, and informing of employers and/or professional bodies (even after one offence). This may result in loss of research funding, loss of professional stature, and even termination of employment of the plagiarizing author(s). Plagiarism undermines the authenticity of research manuscripts and the journals in which they are published, and compromises the integrity of the scientific process and the public regard for science. Plagiarism violates the literary rights of the individuals who are plagiarized, and the property rights of copyright holders. Violation of these rights may result in legal action against the individual(s) committing

  9. American Newspaper Editorials on the Vietnam War: An Experimental Approach to Editorial Content Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elias, Stephen N.

    The editorials about four Vietnam War news events that appeared in five newspapers were examined for content, tone, page placement, and length to discover what trends in editorial coverage occurred. The 131 editorials that were examined appeared in the "New York Times," the "Los Angeles Times," the "Wall Street…

  10. Editorial: Journal of Comparative Psychology.

    PubMed

    Burghardt, Gordon M

    2006-05-01

    Both continuity and change typically mark the changing of editors at a long-established journal with extended editorial terms. Change is inherent in any dynamic field and is independent of editorship, but editors have an influence that should be wielded in a fair, responsible, judicious, and scientifically rigorous manner, while inevitably reflecting their own perspectives and values. The Journal of Comparative Psychology will continue to publish exciting, fascinating, assessable, controversial, and well-written reports on research, be the topic traditional, interdisciplinary, applied, or one breaking risky new ground. Editorial standards must be high, but appropriate for various subfields, and as editor the author will try to make those judgments carefully. The author would also like to see more submissions of brief reports describing exciting developments as well as submissions on significant theoretical, conceptual, and methodological issues during his tenure as editor.

  11. 47 CFR 76.1613 - Political editorials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Political editorials. 76.1613 Section 76.1613 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1613 Political editorials. Where a cable television system...

  12. Explorando nuevos horizontes en NASA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Villanueva, G. L.

    A pesar de la incesante expansión del Universo iniciada con el Big Bang 14 mil millones de años atrás, nuestro Universo se siente cada día más cercano. La inquebrantable vocación de la humanidad por descubrir nuevos horizontes ha permitido el acercamiento de civilizaciones en nuestro planeta y nos ha permitido conocer nuestro lugar en el Universo como nunca antes. En este artículo presento una breve sinopsis de nuestro trabajo que se relaciona con diversas investigaciones con implicaciones astrobiológicas, desde el origen de los ingredientes de la "sopa de la vida", hasta la evolución y composición de la atmósfera de Marte.

  13. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Unno, Yoshinobu; Fukazawa, Yasushi; Hou, Suen; Ohsugi, Takashi; Sadrozinski, Hartmut

    2014-11-01

    The 9th International "Hiroshima" Symposium on the Development and Application of Semiconductor Tracking Detectors (HSTD9 Hiroshima) was held on September. 2-5, 2013 at the International Conference Center in Peace Memorial Park, Hiroshima, Japan. The primary goal of this symposium is to bring together experts in the design, processing and applications of semiconductor tracking detectors for discussions of past experiences, lessons learned and new ideas which are still in the early stage of development. The symposium was first organized in 1993; this year's is number 9 in the series and it celebrated its 20 year anniversary.

  14. Editorial.

    PubMed

    O'connell, H

    1993-06-01

    Human rights groups have traditionally monitored and publicized human rights abuses suffered mainly by men (e.g., torture, killings, and imprisonment) and have ignored abuses of women. Gender-sensitive research and women's groups have uncovered this oversight. Rape in the former Yugoslavia is now considered a war crime, requiring full investigation and punishment. Conflict and violence affect women in several ways related specifically to the gender division of rights, responsibilities, and roles. Class and ethnic differences conceal this gender related experience, however. Even in countries sympathetic to women's equality, women still are second class citizens. Women are always conscious of the ever-present threat or experience of physical and sexual violence, almost always inflicted by men. Perpetrators use violence to keep women down; to restrict opportunities for them to live, learn, work, and care a full human beings; to impede their potential to organize and demand their rights. Domestic violence against women occurs across all social groups, races, age groups, and religious and political persuasions. Violence against females begins before birth. Forced prostitution violates women's human rights. Patriarchy supports discriminatory treatment and backs violence as a legitimate means to preserve the status quo. Was has had a gender-related effect on women in Afghanistan, Chad, and Cambodia. The psychological and social impact of conflict (e.g., state-sponsored terrorism) on women is also examined. Physical ailments are often manifestations of psychological disorders. Common themes are women's increased vulnerability to rape and sexual abuse during conflict, rapid rise in the numbers of households dependent on women's labor, placing on them an excessive burden, and complete disruption of economic and social life. Further, this disruption provides opportunities for women to overcome some aspects of their traditional roles. More than 80% of the world's refugees are women, their dependent children, and the elderly. Women are becoming leaders in armed conflict.

  15. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eberly, J. H.

    2000-07-01

    Validation-by-competition has arrived. Collaboration and incubation are next. This appears be the breakout year. I've mentioned previously the electronic publishing plans and projects of the Institute of Physics in the U.K., of the American Acoustical Society and of the American Physical Society. As of July 1, 2000, all of them will have in operation free-standing, all-electronic, peer-reviewed journals. The New Journal of Physics, Acoustic Research Letters Online, and Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, respectively, are the names of these competitors of Optics Express. They go by the acronyms NJP, ARLO and STAB.

  16. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bruzzi, Mara; Cartiglia, Nicolo; Pace, Emanuele; Talamonti, Cinzia

    2015-10-01

    The 10th edition of the International Conference on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Materials, Detectors and Devices (RESMDD) was held in Florence, at Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia on October 8-10, 2014. It has been aimed at discussing frontier research activities in several application fields as nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics, medical and solid-state physics. Main topics discussed in this conference concern performance of heavily irradiated silicon detectors, developments required for the luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC), ultra-fast silicon detectors design and manufacturing, high-band gap semiconductor detectors, novel semiconductor-based devices for medical applications, radiation damage issues in semiconductors and related radiation-hardening technologies.

  17. Editorial.

    PubMed

    2001-09-01

    I have never seen an angrier nurse audience in my career. It was at the RCN's Congress this year. The anger was not, as might be imagined, expressed over one of the more contentious motions for debate. It occurred in a side room off the main corridor of the Old Swan Hotel in Harrogate, a setting sufficiently obscure for Agatha Christie to have hidden there for several weeks when there was a national search for her! The event was a meeting of senior nurses all involved with care in nursing homes. These are not happy times for such nurses. The money available for nursing home care is being ever further constrained by central government and many nursing homes are closing down, as their owners can no longer afford to subsidise public sector healthcare provision. But this was not the cause of the angst.

  18. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dinescu, Maria; D'Addato, Sergio; Giapintzakis, Ioannis (John); Wójcik, Marek

    2017-02-01

    The symposium V entitled "Stress, structure and stoichiometry effects on the properties of nanomaterials" was organized for the third time during the European Materials Research Society Fall Meeting 2015 in Warsaw, following the previous two successful symposia held in 2011 and 2013. Four sessions were jointly organized with the symposium W entitled "Nanoscale separations in spintronic materials, superconductors, and other systems". Both symposia (V and W) were co-organized by the EU 7-th Framework Programme under the project REGPOT-CT-2013-316014 (EAgLE). Overall, more than 70 scientists attended the symposium V, as they presented 10 invited talks, 26 oral contributions and 28 posters, covering many different and new subjects in nanostructures, thin films and interfaces. Representative articles are published in this proceedings volume. We would like to thank the participants who submitted high quality articles and the referees who helped us with excellent and timely reports.

  19. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keinonen, Junani

    Samuel Taylor Coleridge, British poet at the end of the 18th century, gave us a characterization of a scientist. “The first man of science was he who looked into a thing, not to learn whether it furnished him food, or shelter, or weapons, or tools, or armaments, or playwiths but who sought to know it for the gratification of knowing.” After those days the new generations of scientists have got different, less idealistic guidelines for their work. According to the Finnish science policy, Finland's economic, social and cultural development is based on knowledge and skills. It is generally accepted in our country that the consistent promotion of a national innovation system during the past ten years, has laid the foundation for the growth of knowledge and skills and their extensive utilization for the benefit of the individual and the community. The importance of benefits will be stated in the current change of the law about universities.

  20. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ueda, Yoshio; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Hoshino, Kazuo; Ito, Atsushi; Kajita, Shin; Kobayashi, Masahiro; Lee, Heun Tae; Nakano, Tomohide; Tokitani, Masayuki

    2015-08-01

    The 21st International Conference on Plasma-Surface Interactions in Controlled Fusion Devices (PSI-21) was held in Kanazawa, Ishikawa prefecture, Japan from the 26th to the 30th of May 2014. This conference was hosted by National Institute for Fusion Science and supported by Nagoya University, Kanazawa University, Osaka University and Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

  1. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amigó, José M.; Keller, Karsten; Kurths, Jürgen

    2013-06-01

    Symbolic dynamics is a powerful tool in the study of dynamical systems. The purpose of symbolic dynamics is to provide a simplified picture of complicated dynamics, that gives some insight into its complexity. To this end, the state space of the system is partitioned in a finite number of pieces, and the exact trajectories of individual points are traded off by the trajectory relative to that partition. These so-called coarse-grained trajectories turn out to be realisations of a stationary random process with a finite alphabet. In particular, the entropy of a dynamical system can be approximated by the Shannon entropy of any of its symbolic dynamics (the finer the partition, the better the approximation). Today, symbolic dynamics is an independent field of theoretical physics and applied mathematics with applications to such important disciplines as cryptology, time series analysis, and data-compression.

  2. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caturla, M. J.; Abril, I.; Denton, C.; Martín-Bragado, I.

    2015-06-01

    The 12th edition of the International Conference on Computer Simulation of Radiation Effects in Solids (COSIRES2014) was held in Alicante (Alacant), Spain on June 8-13, organized by the University of Alacant. This conference series, which started in 1992 in Berlin, Germany, and that is held every two years, is now a well-established meeting where the latest developments in computer modeling of all forms of irradiation of materials are discussed.

  3. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schiwietz, Gregor; Klaumünzer, Siegfried; Mahnke, Heinz-Eberhard

    2007-03-01

    This NIM-B issue contains the Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Atomic Collisions in Solids (ICACS-22) held in the main building of the Technische Universität Berlin (Strasse des 17.Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany) from the 21st until the 26th of July 2006.

  4. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Tianmin; Gao, Fei; Hu, Wangyu; Lai, Wensheng; Lu, Guang-Hong; Zu, Xiaotao

    2009-09-01

    The Ninth International Conference on Computer Simulation of Radiation Effects in Solids (COSIRES 2008) was hosted by Beihang University in Beijing, China from 12 to 17 October 2008. Started in 1992 in Berlin, Germany, this conference series has been held biennially in Santa Barbara, CA, USA (1994); Guildford, UK (1996); Okayama, Japan (1998); State College, PA, USA (2000); Dresden, Germany (2002); Helsinki Finland (2004); and Richland, WA USA (2006). The COSIRES conferences are the foremost international forum on the theory, development and application of advanced computer simulation methods and algorithms to achieve fundamental understanding and predictive modeling of the interaction of energetic particles and clusters with solids. As can be noticed in the proceedings of the COSIRES conferences, these computer simulation methods and algorithms have been proven to be very useful for the study of fundamental radiation effect processes, which are not easily accessible by experimental methods owing to small time and length scales. Moreover, with advance in computing power, they have remarkably been developed in the different scales ranging from meso to atomistic, and even down to electronic levels, as well as coupling of the different scales. They are now becoming increasingly applicable for materials processing and performance prediction in advance engineering and energy-production technologies.

  5. Editorial.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bybee, Rodger W.; Ferrini-Mundy, Joan

    1997-01-01

    Recalls the launch of Sputnik in the history of science and mathematics education. Discusses whether anything has changed or any progress in science and mathematics education has been made. (Author/ASK)

  6. Editorial.

    PubMed

    Brunswic, E

    1993-03-01

    An introduction to population education is made in preparation for the 1994 UN International Congress on Population Education and Development. Currently, more than 100 countries have introduced formal and nonformal population education programs, within a single or mixed subject. 3 basics elements are highlighted: knowledge of both positive and negative aspects of demographic change, the opportunity to use this knowledge to improve the quality of life, and the consideration of the needs of individuals and society. The public has not always received the notion of an ideal family model for the common good of all with acceptance and resolve. Individual values and national objectives may be viewed as discordant; balancing the state's needs to provide education for all young people and parental rights may be difficult. Population education programs vary by region and country. The longterm objective of some countries is the reduction of the population growth rate; others are concerned with controlling spatial distribution of population. Other objectives may be the improvement of family health or the reduction of adolescent pregnancy. Content also varies by target group, the level and type of education, and demographic factors. Possibilities include population growth, migration, urbanization, and/or the relationship between population, resources, environment, and development. Specific issues such as AIDS prevention, family structure, or management of a specific environment may be addressed. The only limitations to scope and content are social and cultural factors, such as people's perceptions of the role of the State and the family and choice of lifestyle. The most difficult aspect of population education is sexuality and the education of girls. Population education is most effective when it deals with the health of mothers and children; family planning; and the promotion of social, cultural, and recreational activities for children. Population education is important because of the links between education and general socioeconomic conditions. This issue provides a discussion of concepts, teaching materials, environmental links, migration, urbanization, women's role, and objectivity in information; also included is a summary of operating programs by 8 specialists representing the Pacific, East Africa, the Arab states, Latin America, Madagascar, India, the US and Romania.

  7. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rudolph, Dirk; Elding, Lars-Ivar; Fahlander, Claes; Åberg, Sven

    2016-12-01

    Science often develops most vigorously through challenging studies of extreme phenomena. Superheavy elements fall into such a category. What is the heaviest element that can exist in Nature? Driven by the continued search for an anticipated "island of stability" of superheavy atomic nuclei and the understanding of their underlying nuclear (in)stability and atomic structure hence chemical properties, the past decades have seen a tremendous progress in experimental ingenuity and theoretical methodology to study and characterize superheavy elements. Therefore, we are very grateful that the Nobel Foundation [1] approved and, jointly with the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation [2], provided the financial resources to organize and conduct the Nobel Symposium NS160, entitled Chemistry and Physics of Heavy and Superheavy Elements. These symposia "are devoted to areas of science where breakthroughs are occurring or deal with other topics of primary cultural or social significance" [1]. About three symposia are held each year, roughly every fourth symposium promotes a topic in physics as primary research area, and from about every third symposium a contemporary Nobel Price is being awarded.

  8. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burton, Mike

    2015-07-01

    Magmatic degassing plays a key role in the dynamics of volcanic activity and also in contributing to the carbon, water and sulphur volatile cycles on Earth. Quantifying the fluxes of magmatic gas emitted from volcanoes is therefore of fundamental importance in Earth Science. This has been recognised since the beginning of modern volcanology, with initial measurements of volcanic SO2 flux being conducted with COrrelation SPECtrometer instruments from the late seventies. While COSPEC measurements continue today, they have been largely superseded by compact grating spectrometers, which were first introduced soon after the start of the 21st Century. Since 2006, a new approach to measuring fluxes has appeared, that of quantitative imaging of the SO2 slant column amount in a volcanic plume. Quantitative imaging of volcanic plumes has created new opportunities and challenges, and in April 2013 an ESF-funded MeMoVolC workshop was held, with the objectives of bringing together the main research groups, create a vibrant, interconnected, community, and examine the current state of the art of this new research frontier. This special issue of sixteen papers within the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research is the direct result of the discussions, intercomparisons and results reported in that workshop. The papers report on the volcanological objectives of the plume imaging community, the state of the art of the technology used, intercomparisons, validations, novel methods and results from field applications. Quantitative plume imaging of volcanic plumes is achieved by using both infrared and ultraviolet wavelengths, with each wavelength offering a different trade-off of strengths and weaknesses, and the papers in this issue reflect this wavelength flexibility. Gas compositions can also be imaged, and this approach offers much promise in the quantification of chemical processing within plumes. One of the key advantages of the plume imaging approach is that we can achieve gas flux measurements at 1-10 Hz frequencies, allowing direct comparisons with geophysical measurements, opening new, interdisciplinary opportunities to deepen our understanding of volcanological processes. Several challenges still can be improved upon, such as dealing with light scattering issues and full automation of data processing. However, it is clear that quantitative plume imaging will have a lasting and profound impact on how volcano observatories operate, our ability to forecast and manage volcanic eruptions, our constraints of global volcanic gas fluxes, and on our understanding of magma dynamics.

  9. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goh, Gregory K. L.

    2014-06-01

    This special issue of the Journal of Solid State Chemistry is a peer-reviewed collection of papers presented at the 7th International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT2013), Symposium Q - Innovative processing of inorganic films and nanostructures of functional materials, organised by the Materials Research Society, Singapore and held at the Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre, Singapore, from 30 June to 5 July 2013. The symposium focused mainly on films, porous networks and nanostructures formed by innovative processing routes that reduce energy consumption, use new mediums, combine techniques or even innovative synthesis approaches. The understanding of film and nanostructure growth mechanisms and crystal shape control were also discussed. We acknowledge the invaluable contributions of all invited, oral and poster presenters. I also take this opportunity to thank reviewers from all over the world who kindly helped in reviewing the manuscripts and provided valuable comments, making the publication of this high quality issue possible.

  10. Editorial.

    PubMed

    Dudek, Dominika; Sobański, Jerzy A; Klasa, Katarzyna

    2015-01-01

    Dear Readers, In no time, we are almost halfway through 2015. Currently many issues concern psychiatrists, and does not fill them with optimism: an uncertain future implementation of the National Mental Health Protection Programme, or the recent amendment of criminal law, entering into force on 01.07.2015, on the significant enlargement of implementation of treatment and precautionary measures in psychiatric institutions. Prof. J.K. Gierowski [1] wrote in Psychiatria Polska about the misunderstanding and even conflict in this matter, between politicians, lawyers and psychiatric community, almost one and a half year ago. Several tragic, dramatic events (German Wings plane crash, the recent murder in Tworki) creates a bad social attitude towards the mentally ill. Our environment does not remain indifferent and is actively involved in the discussion - it is expressed by Letters to Editor, written by Elwira Marszałkowska-Krześ and Andrzej Brodziak, published in the current issue of the magazine. We are all aware of our responsibility - on the one hand for a safe environment for patients while ensuring adequate treatment to the ill, and on the other for creating the image of psychiatry and psychiatrists [2, 3]. (...).

  11. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Skjeltorp, A. T.; Helgesen, G.

    2014-09-01

    Soft condensed matter is characterized by the weak interactions between polyatomic constituents, by important thermal fluctuation effects, by mechanical softness and by a rich range of behavioursDefinition taken from the introduction to "Phase Transitions in Soft Condensed Matter", edited by Tormod Riste and David Sherrington, Plenum Press, 1989 (New York), the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Geilo, Norway in 1989. This may have been the first time the term "soft condensed matter" was used in an official capacity. http://www.softbio.ox.ac.uk/. Examples include complex liquids, colloids, granular materials, foams, polymers, gels and various biological materials. These materials thus share an important common feature in that predominant physical behaviors occur at an energy scale comparable with room temperature thermal energy.

  12. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rigato, Valentino; Giuntini, Lorenzo; Vittone, Ettore

    2015-04-01

    This special issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B is dedicated to the proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Microprobe Technology and Applications (ICNMTA2014) and of the Workshop on Proton Beam Writing. ICNMTA2014, held in Padova (Italy) from 7th to 11th July 2014, follows the conferences in Lisbon (2012, Portugal), Leipzig (Germany, 2010), Debrecen (Hungary, 2008), Singapore (2006), Cavtat-Dubrovnik (Croatia, 2004), Takasaki (Japan, 2002), Bordeaux (2000, France), Spier Estate (1998, South Africa), Santa Fe (1996, NM, USA), Shanghai (1994, PRC), Uppsala (1992, Sweden), Melbourne (1990, Australia), Oxford (1987, UK) and Namur (1981, Belgium). The conference was organized by the INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare), under the patronage of the Universities of Padova, Firenze, Torino and of the Comune di Padova, in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). 135 delegates (∼15% women and ∼20% students) from 27 countries of the 5 continents attended ICNMTA2014: the first day of conference took place in the magnificent Aula Magna of the University of Padova, adjacent to the Galileo's desk, and proceeded in the historical building of the Centro Culturale San Gaetano in Padova.

  13. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knezovich, John; Brown, Tom; Buchholz, Bruce; Finkel, Bob; Guilderson, Tom; Kashgarian, Michaele; Nimz, Greg; Ognibene, Ted; Tumey, Scott; Vogel, John

    2007-06-01

    The Tenth International Conference on Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS-10) was held from 5-10 September 2005 at the University of California, Berkeley campus. The conference attracted 305 attendees from 26 countries who gave 144 platform presentations and presented a total of 170 posters. The conference opened with a special tribute to the late Roy Middleton, which was followed by a companion session on "ion sourcery". A plenary talk by Wally Broecker on his "53 years in the Radiocarbon Trenches" provided thought-provoking challenges to commonly accepted paradigms. A workshop on issues in the estimation of isotopic ratios and evaluations of activities from AMS measurements preceded the conference and a workshop on AMS in low-dose bioscience concluded it.

  14. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mittig, Wolfgang; Naviliat-Cuncic, Oscar; Roussel-Chomaz, Patricia; Villari, Antonio C. C.

    2008-10-01

    The international scientific and technical community working in the domain of "Electro Magnetic Isotope Separators and techniques related to their use", met in Deauville, France, in June 24-29, 2007 for the 15th edition of the EMIS conference. The present volume contains the proceedings of this event.

  15. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dick, Wolfgang R.; Hamel, Jürgen

    2000-01-01

    This issue contains mostly biographical studies ranging from the outstanding Jesuit astronomer Chr. Scheiner to 18th/19th century scholars to the important astronomical writer B. H. Bürgel. Concerning Scheiner a recently found contemporary obituary is reproduced. Hitherto unknown copy-books of university lectures by Scheiner and by the astrophysicist K. Schwarzschild are being discussed. Biographical contributions deal with P.-F. Tonduti in Avignon, J. G. Doppelmayr in Nuremberg, C. F. Scheithauer in Chemnitz, J. W. H. Lehmann in the Brandenburg area as well as L. Weinek in Leipzig und Prag. An additional list of memorial places for astronomers in Berlin, Potsdam and surroundings, short contributions and book reviews conclude this volume. All papers in German. Main papers with English abstracts.

  16. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Araújo, N.; Mendoza Jiménez, M.; Wittel, F.

    2014-10-01

    More than 30 years of scientific endeavor have brought us from programming simple models to impressive simulations of dynamic systems. Lattice models like Potts, percolation, fuse, fiber bundle, and growth models, just to name a few, are the prototypes or godfathers of statistical mechanics. With the availability of more powerful tools it became possible to develop these models and apply them on complex topologies, finding important practical applications in socio-technological systems (e.g., opinion dynamics, traffic, communication networks) and to engineering problems (e.g., fracture phenomena, mass transport). In parallel, particle models evolved from a hand full of interacting discs to three dimensional multibillion particle simulations that successfully describe interesting fracture phenomena, granular flow, and even fluid flow for engineering applications. Prof. Dr. Hans Jürgen Herrmann has dedicated his professional life to this journey.

  17. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tőkési, Károly; Bereczky, Réka Judit; Rajta, István; Valastyán, Iván

    2015-07-01

    The present issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms contains the Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Atomic Collisions in Solids (ICACS) held from 13 to 18 July 2014 in Debrecen, Hungary. Debrecen is the second largest city of Hungary, one of the most important educational, research and cultural hubs in Central Europe. The host institute was the Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

  18. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Unno, Yoshinobu; Ohsugi, Takashi; Hou, Suen; Sadrozinski, Hartmut; Lou, Xinchou; Zhu, Hongbo; Ouyang, Qun

    2016-09-01

    The 10th International ;Hiroshima; Symposium on the Development and Application of Semiconductor Tracking Detectors (HSTD10) was held on Sep. 25-29, 2015 at the International Conference Center (also named as Nanyang Hotel) in Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), Xi'an, China. The primary goal of this symposium is to bring together experts in the design, processing and applications of semiconductor tracking detectors for discussions of past experiences, lessons learned and new ideas which are still in the early stage of development.

  19. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Preis, T.

    2011-03-01

    The two articles in this issue of the European Physical Journal Special Topics cover topics in Econophysics and GPU computing in the last years. In the first article [1], the formation of market prices for financial assets is described which can be understood as superposition of individual actions of market participants, in which they provide cumulative supply and demand. This concept of macroscopic properties emerging from microscopic interactions among the various subcomponents of the overall system is also well-known in statistical physics. The distribution of price changes in financial markets is clearly non-Gaussian leading to distinct features of the price process, such as scaling behavior, non-trivial correlation functions and clustered volatility. This article focuses on the analysis of financial time series and their correlations. A method is used for quantifying pattern based correlations of a time series. With this methodology, evidence is found that typical behavioral patterns of financial market participants manifest over short time scales, i.e., that reactions to given price patterns are not entirely random, but that similar price patterns also cause similar reactions. Based on the investigation of the complex correlations in financial time series, the question arises, which properties change when switching from a positive trend to a negative trend. An empirical quantification by rescaling provides the result that new price extrema coincide with a significant increase in transaction volume and a significant decrease in the length of corresponding time intervals between transactions. These findings are independent of the time scale over 9 orders of magnitude, and they exhibit characteristics which one can also find in other complex systems in nature (and in physical systems in particular). These properties are independent of the markets analyzed. Trends that exist only for a few seconds show the same characteristics as trends on time scales of several months. Thus, it is possible to study financial bubbles and their collapses in more detail, because trend switching processes occur with higher frequency on small time scales. In addition, a Monte Carlo based simulation of financial markets is analyzed and extended in order to reproduce empirical features and to gain insight into their causes. These causes include both financial market microstructure and the risk aversion of market participants.

  20. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2003-06-01

    In December 2002 we announced some changes to Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics: an extended scope to highlight the wide range of articles published in the journal and a new definition of Letters to the Editor. As always, comments and suggestions are welcome and should be sent to jphysb@iop.org. Extended scope of J. Phys. B J. Phys. B covers all aspects of atomic, molecular and optical physics. We publish articles on the study of atoms, ions, molecules, condensates or clusters, from their structure and interactions with particles, photons, fields and surfaces to all aspects of spectroscopy. Quantum optics, non-linear optics, laser physics, astrophysics, plasma physics, chemical physics, optical cooling and trapping and other investigations where the objects of study are the elementary atomic, ionic or molecular properties of processes are also included. With the introduction of the BEC Matters! portal and IOP Select, J. Phys. B, one of the major contributors, offers authors of articles in this research area wider visibility and more flexible publication with the opportunity to display multimedia attachments or web links to key groups and results. The recent papers listed below reflect the wide scope of J. Phys. B: Calculation of cross sections for very low-energy hydrogen-antihydrogen scattering using the Kohn variational method E A G Armour and C W Chamberlain J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 22 (28 November 2002) L489-L494 Imaging the electron transfer reaction of Ne2+ with Ar using position-sensitive coincidence spectroscopy Sarah M Harper, Wan-Ping Hu and Stephen D Price J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 21 (14 November 2002) 4409-4423 Ultraviolet-infrared wavelength scalings for strong field induced L-shell emissions from Kr and Xe clusters Alex B Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Fabrizio Frigeni, Yang Dai, Yevgeniya Koshman, W Andreas Schroeder, Jack Davis, Keith Boyer and Charles K Rhodes J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 21 (14 November 2002) L461-L467 A Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical lattice J Hecker Denschlag, J E Simsarian, H Häffner, C McKenzie, A Browaeys, D Cho, K Helmerson, S L Rolston and W D Phillips J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 14 (28 July 2002) 3095-3110 Locality of a class of entangled states I R Senitzky J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 14 (28 July 2002) 3029-3039 Solitons and vortices in ultracold fermionic gases Tomasz Karpiuk, Miroslaw Brewczyk and Kazimierz Rzazewski J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 14 (28 July 2002) L315-L321 Stable islands in chaotic atom-optics billiards, caused by curved trajectories M F Andersen, A Kaplan, N Friedman and N Davidson J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 9 (14 May 2002) 2183-2190 Emission probability and photon statistics of a coherently driven mazer Jin Xiong and Zhi-Ming Zhang J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 9 (14 May 2002) 2159-2172 The Li+-H2 system in a rigid-rotor approximation: potential energy surface and transport coefficients I Røeggen, H R Skullerud, T H Løvaas and D K Dysthe J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 7 (14 April 2002) 1707-1725 The stochastic Gross-Pitaevskii equation C W Gardiner, J R Anglin and T I A Fudge J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 6 (28 March 2002) 1555-1582 Oxygen ion impurity in the TEXTOR tokamak boundary plasma observed and analysed by Zeeman spectroscopy J D Hey, C C Chu, S Brezinsek, Ph Mertens and B Unterberg J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 6 (28 March 2002) 1525-1553 Electron-hexafluoropropene (C3F6) scattering at intermediate energies Czeslaw Szmytkowski, Pawel Mozejko and Stanislaw Kwitnewski J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 5 (14 March 2002) 1267-1274 High-resolution investigations of C2 and CN optical emissions in laser-induced plasmas during graphite ablation S Acquaviva and M L De Giorgi J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 4 (28 February 2002) 795-806 New definition of a Letter to the Editor A Letter to the Editor should present new results, likely to stimulate further research and be of interest to the wider atomic, molecular and optical physics community. Above all the results should be sufficiently new and important to merit rapid publication as a Letter, which implies accelerated refereeing procedures. This should be made clear either in the body of the Letter, if appropriate, or with a supporting cover letter from the author on submission to the journal. Letters will have an upper limit of eight journal pages and, as an additional quality check, two referees instead of one will be used to review them. The Board will be asked to make a final publication decision in the event of two conflicting reports. With these measures in place it is hoped that the important new results will receive the exposure they deserve as a Letter. If you have any questions or comments on this or anything relating to J. Phys. B please contact Nicola Gulley, Publisher, J. Phys. B (E-mail: jphysb@iop.org).

  1. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neves, Sérgio P.; de Pinho Guimarães, Ignez; de Oliveira, Elson Paiva

    2015-03-01

    The Borborema Province is part of a large orogenic realm that extends from northeastern Brazil to western Africa in reconstructions of the supercontinent Pangea. As such, understanding its tectonic evolution is crucial to place constraints on the history of growth and amalgamation of West Gondwana. In 1995, a special issue of the Journal of South American Earth Sciences was dedicated to the Borborema Province (vol. 8, nos 8/9) and the current issue encompasses several papers that provide a state-of-the-art assessment of several themes pertaining to its geological evolution. These papers highlight the large increase in the geological knowledge of this region attained in the last 20 years. The papers collected in this special issue originate from talks presented at the 3rd Borborema Symposium, held together with the 25th Symposium of Geology of the Northeast at the city of Gravatá in November 2013. The symposia were sponsored by the northeastern branch of the Brazilian Geological Society.

  2. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Musilek, L.; Dunn, W. L.

    2017-08-01

    The selected proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Radiation Physics (ISRP-13) are presented here across a broad range of important topics including: Fundamental processes in radiation physics, Theoretical investigations, New radiation sources, techniques & detectors, Absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy (XAFS, XANES, XRF Spectroscopy, Raman, Infrared …), Applications of radiation in material science, nano-science & nanotechnology, Applications of radiation in biology & medical science, Applications of radiation in space, earth, energy & environmental sciences, Applications of radiation in cultural heritage & art and Applications of radiation in industry. In total, 48 papers have been accepted for these proceedings.

  3. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koschny, Detlef; Borovička, Jiří; Janches, Diego; Willliams, Iwan P.

    2017-09-01

    This Special Issue is the first of two volumes summarizing papers from the Meteoroids 2016 conference, held at ESTEC in the Netherlands from 06 to 10 June 2016. The 'Meteoroids' conference is held every three years and it is the main conference organized by the IAU Commission F1 (Meteors, Meteorites, and Interplanetary Dust). The 2016 conference was the 9th of the series and it brought together over 140 meteor astronomers, both professional and amateurs, who gave a total of 81 presentations and 65 posters of all areas of meteor physics.

  4. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2005-01-01

    COSIRES 2004 was the seventh conference in the series of international conferences on computer simulation of radiation effects in solids. This series started in 1992 in Berlin, Germany, and has since then been held biennially in Santa Barbara, USA; Guildford, UK; Okayama, Japan; State College, USA and Dresden, Germany. In 2004 we were pleased to host 104 persons in Helsinki. The strength of the conference series was reflected in that about half of the attendees were graduate students or young postdocs. The good attendance and success of the meeting was to a large extent made possible by generous financial support from the Academy of Finland, the University of Helsinki, the Vilho, Yrjö and Kalle Väisälä foundation and the Magnus Ehrnrooth foundation. I am very grateful for this support received, as well as the efforts put in for the meeting by the international advisory committee, program committee and most of all the local organizing committee. Without the help of all my 18 local co-organizers the meeting could not have ran as smoothly and pleasantly as it did.

  5. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boerma, Dirk O.; Climent-Font, Aurelio; Respaldiza, Miguel Ángel

    2006-08-01

    The IBA conference has taken place in different countries from all over the world. It started in the United States in 1973, and since then has been held biennially without interruption, becoming the reference meeting on ion beam analysis and related methods and techniques. In its 17th edition, two Spanish laboratories, one from the Universidad de Sevilla and one from the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid had the honour and responsibility of organizing the conference. These two laboratories are, so far, the only ones in the country equipped with accelerators dedicated to ion beam analysis; the Centro Nacional de Aceleradores (CNA) in Seville and the Centro de Micro-Análisis de Materiales (CMAM) in Madrid. We took up this task enthusiastically, conscious that Spain has only very recently been equipped with IBA techniques and that this event would highlight to the scientific community of our country the importance and involvement of IBA techniques in new scientific and technological developments. The conference was held at the Melia Sevilla Hotel in Seville, Spain from 26 June-1 July 2005. This special issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B contains the published proceedings of the conference.

  6. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wehe, David K.

    2016-01-01

    This Special Issue of NIMA is dedicated to the life of a pioneering and legendary figure in radiation detection and measurements, Glenn F. Knoll. Professor Knoll's accomplishments span five decades, and powered many of the significant developments across a wide variety of disciplines during that period (Fig. 1).

  7. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kucera, Paul A.; Levizzani, Vincenzo

    2015-09-01

    The 6th Workshop of the International Precipitation Working Group (IPWG6) was held in São José dos Campos, Brazil, from 15 to 19 October 2012, at the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Centro de Previsão de Tempo e Estudos Climáticos (CPTEC). It was sponsored and organized by CPTEC with the co-sponsoring of the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (CGMS), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT).

  8. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Binzel, Richard P.; Olkin, Catherine B.; Young, Leslie A.

    2017-05-01

    This special issue is the result of efforts that began back in 1989 when the scientific community began organizing for the flyby reconnaissance of Pluto. At the community's request, NASA conducted the first study of such a mission in 1990. More studies took place across the whole of the 1990s, culminating in a flyby mission competition in 2001 that was won by the New Horizons team for a single spacecraft PI-led mission to Pluto.

  9. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jakšić, Milko; Radović, Iva Bogdanović; Medunić, Zvonko

    2005-04-01

    This special issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B contains the Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Nuclear Microprobe Technology and Applications (ICNMTA-2004). The conference was held from 13 to 17 September 2004 at the Croatia Hotel in Cavtat near Dubrovnik at the Adriatic Coast. Organized by the Ruđer Bošković Institute, the largest national research centre, the conference was hosted by Croatia after previously organized meetings of this series in United Kingdom, Australia, Sweden, China, USA, South Africa, France and Japan.

  10. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bruzzi, Mara; Pace, Emanuele; Talamonti, Cinzia

    2013-12-01

    The 9th edition of the International Conference on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Materials, Detectors and Devices (RESMDD), held in Florence, at Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia on October 9-12, 2012, was aimed at discussing frontier research activities in several application fields as in nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics, medical and solid-state physics. Main topics discussed in this conference are tracking performance of heavily irradiated silicon detectors, developments required for the luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC), radiation effects on semiconductor materials for medical (radiotherapy dosimeters, imaging devices), astrophysics (UV, X- and γ-ray detectors) and environmental applications, microscopic defect analysis of irradiated semiconductor materials and related radiation hardening technologies. On the first day the conference hosted a short course intended to introduce fundamentals in the development of semiconductor detectors for medical applications to graduate and PhD students, post-docs and young researchers, both engineers and physicists. Directors of the School were Prof. Marta Bucciolini of the University of Florence and INFN, Italy and Dr. Carlo Civinini, INFN Firenze, Italy. Emphasis was placed on the underlying physical principles, instrument design, factors affecting performance, and applications in both the clinical and preclinical applications. The School was attended by nearly 40 students/ young researchers. We warmly thank the Directors for organizing this interesting event and the professors and researchers who gave lessons, for sharing their experience and knowledge with the students.

  11. Editorial

    SciTech Connect

    Knezovich, J; Brown, T; Buchholz, B; Finkel, B; Guilderson, T; Kashgarian, M; Nimz, G; Ognibene, T; Tumey, S; Vogel, J

    2007-08-13

    The Tenth International Conference on Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS-10) was held from September 5-10 at the University of California, Berkeley campus. The conference attracted 305 attendees from 26 countries who gave 144 platform presentations and presented a total of 170 posters. The conference opened with a special tribute to the late Roy Middleton, which was followed by a companion session on 'ion sourcery'. A plenary talk by Wally Broecker on his '53 years in the Radiocarbon Trenches', provided thought-provoking challenges to commonly accepted paradigms. A workshop on issues in the estimation of isotopic ratios and evaluations of activities from AMS measurements preceded the conference and a workshop on AMS in low-dose bioscience concluded it. Conference attendees had ample opportunity to sample local sights and mid-week excursions to the Napa Valley wine region and the Monterey Bay Aquarium were well attended. The social highlight of the conference was a dinner cruise on San Francisco Bay aboard the San Francisco Belle, which toured the bay on a clear evening and afforded spectacular views of the city front as well as the Bay and Golden Gate bridges. The proceedings of AMS-10 contain 140 peer-reviewed papers that detail recent developments in AMS technology and a broad range of scientific applications. The editors worked to ensure that these contributions represent original research that has not been published elsewhere. We are grateful to the many outside reviewers who provided thoughtful consideration and suggestions in their reviews of these manuscripts. The staff of the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory wishes to thank the many members of the international AMS community in allowing us to organize this conference. We are particularly grateful to the University of California's Toxic Substances Research Program, which provided key assistance with conference administration.

  12. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Willis, Pascal

    2017-01-01

    Issue 59(1), published on January 1st, 2017, is a special volume as all articles will remain online free-of-charge and freely accessible to all readers, without any paid subscription, for a complete year, as a courtesy of Elsevier.

  13. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murray, Jo; Lawden, Mike

    1988-06-01

    This will be a year of metamorphosis for Starlink with major hardware upgrades and the widespread adoption of the ADAM software environment. Most of the original VAXs will be replaced with MicroVAX 3500 based Local Area VAX Clusters (LAVCs); also disappearing from these sites will be the old ARGS as the Digisolve Ikon becomes the principal image display. This comes ten years after the idea of co-ordinating the computing activities of the UK astronomical community was first mooted. Those pre-natal days of Starlink are remembered by Professor Mike Disney in the article which follows. Many Starlink users will be surprised to learn that a centralised computing facility with only remote access or occasional visits for users was considered! (Actually the first machine, the RAL database/communictaiont MicroVAX, began operating a user service only this year.) It is instructive to look at some of the proposals for national data-analysis facilities which were forerunners of Starlink. For example, funding of £40,000 initially with £10,000 annually was requested for computer enhancements at RGO to provide a spectral reduction service. The hardware recommendation was based on a single Interdata 10 computer with a 64KByte memory and a total of 5MByte of disc! Once again, it is a pleasure to thank all the contributors to the Bulletin, and invite our readers to contribute to forthcoming editions.

  14. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wäppling, Roger

    2004-01-01

    Physicists generally and our readers in particular are only too aware that the availability of scientific material on the Internet has both advantages and disadvantages. The ease with which a scientist can retrieve information from his/her office has greatly assisted the publication process since references, for example, can be searched for, checked for relevance or cross references with increasing ease. At the same time, however, it has become much easier to use materials without giving credit to the originators and this form of scientific misconduct is of growing concern to the publication process. With this in mind I would like to mention that the facility for retrieving information via the Internet is further developing so that major search engines like Google will be directly usable for retrieving, for example, a Physica Scripta article. Non-subscribers gaining access only to title and abstract whilst subscribers can access the full text in the same way as previously—through libraries and publishers. Physica Scripta has been in the vanguard of electronic development and has many thousands of accesses per day to its full on-line archive. These developments, together with some recent cases of scientific fraud, has led to an increased demand for guidelines for proper ethical conduct in the process of science publishing and, to this end, the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, IUPAP, is working on a recommendation that I expect to be able to display here once adopted.

  15. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avasthi, D. K.; Bolse, W.

    2006-03-01

    The Indo-German workshop on "Synthesis and modification of nano-structured materials by energetic ion beams" (a joint venture of Nuclear Science Centre, New Delhi (now renamed to Inter University Accelerator Centre, IUAC) and Stuttgart University), which was held at the auditorium of the "International Centre of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology" in New Delhi, India, from 20th until 24th of February 2005, was dedicated to the unique capabilities of energetic ions as a powerful tool in nano-science and -technology, both for generating and processing of nano-structured materials. Ions in different energy regimes play a different role in the field of nano-structure creation. A unique feature of the energetic ion is that it can excite the solid quasi-instantaneously in a nano-scale volume to very high levels and create extreme conditions (high temperature, high pressure), well-localized both in space and time. By the energy dissipation into the cold ambient quenching rates of up to 1014 K/s may be achieved and structures and phases far away from equilibrium may be formed on a nanometer scale. The non-equilibrium conditions may further result in non-linear behavior and instabilities, which may drive self-assembly and nm-pattern formation on large areas. Hence, ion beams appear as an ideal tool for nano-technology. The aim of the Indo-German workshop was to summarize the on-going applications of ion beams in the nano-sciences and -technology in both countries and to explore further the perspectives of energetic ions for the preparation and processing of functional nano-structures, in order to initiate and strengthen common research in this field.

  16. Editorial

    SciTech Connect

    Allwine, K Jerry; Leach, Martin J.

    2007-12-01

    To address the need for additional high-resolution urban dispersion data sets, the U.S. Departments of Defense, Energy and Homeland Security joined together to fund the Joint Urban 2003 (JU03) atmospheric dispersion study. This major urban study was conducted from June 28 through July 31, 2003, in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, with the participation of over 150 scientists and engineers from over 20 U.S. and foreign institutions. Through mid-2006 over 125 papers and presentations have been given on scientific findings and model evaluations based on the field study results. The official JU03 data archive is accessible through the internet by requesting an account at https://ju2003-dpg.dpg.army.mil/. The JU03 study included several integrated scientific components necessary to describe and understand the physical processes governing dispersion within and surrounding an urban area and into and within building environments. These components included characterizing: 1) the urban boundary layer; 2) flows within a street canyon, including the effects of traffic on turbulence; 3) flows within and downwind of the tall-building core; 4) the surface energy balance within an urban area; 5) dispersion of tracer into, out of, and within buildings; and 6) dispersion of tracer throughout the downtown core and out to four kilometers downwind from the release. The scientific elements of the study were accomplished using state-of-the-art meteorological and tracer instruments, including lidars, sodars, radars, sonic anemometers, airplane-based meteorological sensors, fast-response tracer analyzers, and helicopter-based remote tracer detectors. Winds and other meteorological quantities were measured continuously at nearly 100 locations in and around downtown OKC. Tracer was released on 10 days during the experiment period and included both puff and continuous releases. The tracer was sampled using over 200 integrated samplers and 25 fast response analyzers. Vertical measurements of tracer were made by placing samplers on the tops of nearly 20 buildings and by sampling tracer at seven levels on a 90-m crane. The twelve papers in this special issue provide a cross-section of the scientific investigations pursued using JU03 data. Half the papers focus on using observations to characterize winds, turbulence and dispersion in the boundary layer above the city and into a downtown Oklahoma City street canyon (Park Avenue). The remaining papers discuss model evaluations using JU03 data and our improved understanding of processes governing dispersion in urban areas using models and observations. The combination of a dense network of measurements with state-of-the-art instruments allowed for an unparalleled investigation of transport and diffusion in an urban environment. We expect the Joint Urban 2003 data set will be used for many years for model development and validation efforts, and for refining our understanding of flow and dispersion in urban areas including the exchange of contaminants between outdoor and indoor and environments.

  17. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heitzig, J.; Zivin, J. Graff; Abarbanel, H. D. I.; Kocarev, L.; Kurths, J.

    2016-05-01

    This topical issue collects contributions to the interdisciplinary study of the interacting global systems of public health, energy production, and climate change, in order to provide physicists with an opportunity to explore these fields of application of great societal importance.

  18. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caulfield, H. J.

    1982-12-01

    Your editor was fortunate to have an interview with the man who, along with Emmett Leith and Juris Upatnieks at the University of Michigan, was responsible for the rebirth of holography in the early 1960s. Professor Denisyuk is seldom seen in the West so I would like to share parts of the conversation that I had with him at the Volvilov Optical Institute, Leningrad, this October 1982. He is a vigorous and enthusiastic man with a great deal of personal charm. Our conversa-tions were of special interest to me because they supported my suspicion that truly great scientists are not merely smarter and harder working than the rest of us, but also are skilled at formulating both questions and answers in starkly simple ways.

  19. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Betz, Natacha; Moël, Alain Le; Pireaux, Jean-Jacques

    2005-07-01

    This is now a tradition! Every second year, polymer chemists and physicists, chemists, biologists, physicists and engineers working at large accelerators, industry persons from the world do meet at the IRaP conference, with a common interest on "ionising radiations and polymers". With an attendance growing with the years, the IRaP conference is the opportunity for some 150 scientific contributions, an equal number of opportunities of animated and fruitful discussions and exchanges, as the conference has plenty of "free time" slots, being organized "everything under a single roof", far from a distracting city.

  20. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nho, Young-Chang; Kang, Phil-Hyun; Güven, Olgun

    2016-01-01

    The 11th meeting of the 'Ionizing Radiation and Polymers' symposium, IRaP2014 was held in Jeju Island, Korea between October 5 and 9, 2014. The foundations of IRaP symposium were established more than 20 years ago, and over the years it has grown to be a well established and appreciated symposium in the field of ionizing radiation and polymers. The event was organized by the concerted efforts and generous contributions of Korean Ministry of Science ICT and Future Planning, Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute, Korean Society of Radiation Industry, Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation and International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA. Following the traditions of previous IRaP symposia, oral presentations were collected in daily single sessions throughout the week allowing the participants to listen to every talk. Like in previous symposia entire spectrum of the effects of ionizing radiation on polymers were elaborated by oral and poster presentations. The progress and new trends in radiation chemistry, physics and processing of polymers covering nanotechnology, nanocomposites, biopolymers, membranes, natural polymers, surface modification, lithography, medical applications, packaging materials, polymers used in NPP environments were presented and discussed. This list by no means includes all the subjects covered by the symposium and a quick look at the contents of this proceedings will reveal the titles of many interesting subjects. This is another unique aspect of IRaP symposia, one can hardly find a relatively small sized meeting including such a variety of subjects. The participants of the IRaP2014 were also fortunate to learn about the new developments on the hardware of new X-ray and E-beam devices.

  1. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heck, André

    2006-12-01

    The central point of this imaginary discussion around Austrian Emperor Joseph II about hiring W.A. Mozart is not so much about language and strategy than about timely innovation within an established context. Like many of you certainly experienced it already, when one wishes to undertake or launch something new, there are always choruses of people chanting it will never work for a number of reasons and that it is not even worth trying. This happened with this series of Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy (OSA) volumes too.

  2. Editorial.

    PubMed

    1995-05-31

    When the chips are down you find out who your friends are. And nurses certainly found foes and unusual allies among the newspaper leader writers and columnists following the RCN's decision to proceed to ballot on removing its rule which prohibits industrial action. Many ethically-challenged journalists dished up a scandalous misrepresentation of the nurses' case, usually under banner headlines about 'fallen angels'. It's a measure of how worried the government is over the pay dispute that the Tory press went all out to dent the public image of nurses. It's a dangerous tack for newspapers, especially when their biased political opinions may not always find favour with readers. Many nurses are among the Daily Mail's readership for instance. After Lynda Lee Potter's outrageous drivel (see letters, page 41 ) one can only wonder how many nurses will continue to buy that newspaper. And there is also a clear gap between the views of informed media commentators and the opinion writers as our round-up of views shows (see features, page 18-21 ). But if nurses have fallen from their angelic status that's no bad thing. It's not an image nurses ever wanted, the irony is that the sections of the press which created and lived off that stereotype are now realising they may have got it wrong.

  3. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Breschi, Marco; Baudouy, Bertrand

    2016-12-01

    The CHATS on Applied Superconductivity Workshop was organized by the University of Bologna (Bologna, Italy) and held at the Department of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering on 14-16th September 2015.

  4. Editorial.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1995-01-01

    The long-term mean climatology obtained from integrations conducted with different resolutions of the GFDL `SKYHI' finite-difference general circulation model is examined. A number of improvements that have been made recently in the model are also described. The versions considered have 3° × 3.6°, 2° × 2.4°, and 1° × 1.2° latitude-longitude resolution, and in each case the model is run with 40 levels from the ground to 0.0096 mb. The integrations all employ a fixed climatological cycle of sea surface temperature. Over 25 years of integration with the 3° model and shorter integrations with the higher-resolution versions are analyzed. Attention is focused on the December-February and June-August periods.The model does a reasonable job of representing the atmospheric flow in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The simulated tropospheric climatology has an interesting sensitivity to horizontal resolution. In common with several spectral GCMs that have been examined earlier, the surface zonal-mean westerlies in the SKYHI extratropics become stronger with increasing horizontal resolution. However, this `zonalization' of the flow with resolution is not as prominent in the upper troposphere of SKYHI as it is in some spectral models. It is noteworthy that-without parameterized gravity wave drag-the SKYHI model at all three resolutions can simulate a realistic separation of the subtropical and polar night jet streams and a fairly realistic strength of the lower-stratospheric winter polar vortex.The geographical distribution of the annual-mean and seasonal precipitation are reasonably well simulated. When compared against observations in an objective manner, the SKYHI global precipitation simulation is found to be as good or better than that obtained by other state-of-the-art general circulation models. However, some significant shortcomings remain, most notably in the summer extratropical land areas and in the tropical summer monsoon regions. The time-mean precipitation simulation is remarkably insensitive to the horizontal model resolution employed. The other tropospheric feature examined in detail is the tropopause temperature. The whole troposphere suffers from a cold bias of the order of a few degrees Celcius, but in the 3° SKYHI model this grows to about 6°C at 100 mb. Interestingly, the upper-tropospheric bias is reduced with increasing horizontal resolution, despite that the cloud parameters in the radiation code are specified identically in each version.The simulated polar vortex in the Northern Hemisphere winter in the upper stratosphere is unrealistically confined to high latitudes, although the maximum zonal-mean zonal wind is close to observed values. Near the stratopause the June-August mean temperatures at the South Pole are colder than observations by 65°C, 50°C, and 30°C in the 3°, 2°, and 1° simulations, respectively. The corresponding zonal-mean zonal wind patterns display an unrealistically strong polar vortex. The extratropical stratosphere stationary wave field in the Northern Hemisphere winter is examined in some detail using the multiyear averages available from the 3° SKYHI integration. Comparison with comparable long-term mean observations suggests that the model captures the amplitude and phase of the stationary waves rather well.The SKYHI model simulates the reversed equator-pole temperature gradient near the summer mesopause. The simulated summer polar mesopause temperatures decrease with increasing, horizontal resolution, although even at 1° resolution the predicted temperatures are still warmer than observed. The increasing resolution is accompanied by increased westerly driving of the mean flow in the summer mesosphere by dissipating gravity waves. The present results suggest that the SKYHI model does explicitly resolve a significant component of the gravity waves required to produce the observed summer mesopause structure.The semiannual oscillation near the tropical stratopause is reasonably well simulated in the 3° version. The main deficiency is in the westerly phase, which is not as strong as observed. There is also a second peak in the amplitude of the semiannual wind oscillation at the top model level (0.0096 mb) corresponding to the observed mesopause semiannual oscillation. This simulated mesopause oscillation is weaker (by a factor of 3) than that observed. The simulation in the tropical stratopause and mesosphere changes quite significantly with increasing resolution, however. In the tropical lower stratosphere of the 3° model the zonal-mean zonal wind displays a very weak (3 m s1 peak to peak) interannual variation, which-while rather irregular-does display a roughly biennial period and the downward phase propagation that is characteristic of the observed quasi-biennial oscillation.

  5. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gill, Eberhard

    2016-06-01

    This Special Section of Acta Astronautica is a collection of selected peer reviewed papers presented at the eighth International Workshop on Satellite Constellations and Formation Flying (IWSCFF). The event was, as its predecessors, organized by the Astrodynamics Committee of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF) with the objective to bring together specialists in the area of astrodynamics and space mission analysis and design and to promote discussions on lessons from past missions, to present recent results, and to address challenges for future space missions. The Workshop was held at the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering of the Delft University of Technology from June 8-10, 2015. The Workshop was coordinated by its Chairs Eberhard Gill (The Netherlands) and Alfred Ng (Canada) with support from the recently established TU Delft Space Institute, an extended International Program Committee, a Local Organizing Committee and a variety of industrial and institutional sponsors.

  6. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dran, Jean-Claude; Calligaro, Thomas

    2005-10-01

    The eighth European Conference on Accelerators in Applied Research and Technology (ECAART-8) was held at the National Museum for Folk Arts and Traditions in Paris, on September 20-24, 2004. This conference series, initiated in 1989 by Prof. Klaus Bethge from Frankfurt University, Germany, has gained the status of a major international forum which covers all aspects of accelerator developments and applications. The milestones have been the successive ECAART conferences, held in Frankfurt (September 1989 and September 1991), Orléans (September 1993), Zürich (September 1995), Eindhoven (August 1997), Dresden (July 1999), where, for the first time, ECAART was associated with the Ion Beam Analysis conference, and Gildford (August 2001). Among other accelerator-related conference series, such as IBA or IBMM, ECAART is probably the one that has the broader scope, since it encompasses topics on ion beam analysis, ion beam modification of materials and accelerator mass spectrometry as well. However it is quite understandable that the organizing institution emphasises its own research field. This year the conference was organised under the chairmanship of the accelerator group from the Centre for Research and Restoration of the Museums of France, who has been operating for more than 15 years a small tandem accelerator, labelled AGLAE ("Accélérateur Grand Louvre d'Analyse Elémentaire"), fully dedicated to the study of art works and archaeological artefacts. Moreover, two successive European COST actions (G1 and G8) have given birth to a network of about 30 laboratories using accelerator-based techniques for the knowledge and preservation of cultural heritage. Together with the choice of a museum as the conference venue, these facts explain the exceptional importance given to accelerator applications in the field of cultural heritage.

  7. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agosta, Fabrizio; Luetkemeyer, P. Benjamin; Lamarche, Juliette; Crider, Juliet G.; Lacombe, Olivier

    2016-10-01

    The present Volume is after the 2015 EGU General Assembly, held in Vienna (Austria), where we convened a session entitled "The role of fluids in faulting and fracturing in carbonates and other upper crustal rocks". In that occasion, more than forty contributions were illustrated as oral and poster presentations. The invitation to contribute to this Volume was extended not only to the session participants, but also to a wider spectrum of researchers working on related topics. As a result, a group of Earth scientists encompassing geologists, geophysicists, geochemists and petrologists contributed to this Volume, providing a sampling of the state-of-the-science on fluids and faulting in carbonate, crystalline and siliciclastic rocks from studies that combine and integrate different methods, including rock mechanics, petrophysics, structural diagenesis and crustal permeability.

  8. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bisogni, Maria Giuseppina; Grassi, Marco; Incagli, Marco; Paoletti, Riccardo; Signorelli, Giovanni

    2016-07-01

    The 13th edition of Frontier Detectors for Frontier Physics was held in La Biodola, Isola d'Elba, Italy, on May 24-30, 2015. In 36 years of activity, the Pisa Meeting on Advanced Detectors became a traditional gathering event for people involved in the design, construction and operation of particle detectors all over the world. The number of participants has been steadily increasing from about 100 of the first (1980) edition to more than 300. In parallel the Conference topics followed the trends of the field, in fact detectors and techniques originally developed for High Energy Physics experiments are now used in astro-particle physics, medical physics, archeological research and in countless, different fields.

  9. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Träger, F.; Vogel, K.; Leonhardt, U.; Schleich, W.

    1997-12-01

    The Spring Meetings of the German Physical Society have long been an essential forum for physicists in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. These conferences, held at different universities, provide a lively and unique atmosphere for young researchers, in particular, in which to present their most recent results to a broad audience, establish new contacts and discuss future projects.This special issue of Applied Physics B - Lasers and Optics - features selected papers presented at the 1997 Spring Meeting of the Quantum Optics Section, held at the University of Mainz. Clearly, a selection of articles cannot provide exhaustive coverage of the scientific program of a conference. Nevertheless, the reader will hopefully get an impression of the broad range of the discussed topics, maybe even of the international spirit. The board of editors of the journal as well as the guest editors have planned this special issue as the beginning of a trend to highlight top-quality modern research presented at future meetings of the Quantum Optics Section by publication in Applied Physics B - Lasers and Optics.

  10. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1996-07-01

    This issue of Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics sees the launch of a new section dedicated to the applied aspects of interface and surface science. The articles included in the section, in this, and in forthcoming issues reflect the growing practical importance of this field. The development of techniques for controlling growth and investigating characteristics of interfaces and surfaces has led to the creation of a wide range of devices whose performance may be highly dependent on interface and surface properties. With the introduction of the Applied Interfaces and Surfaces section we hope to provide a forum tailored to the needs of scientists concerned with all aspects of this field, thus reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the subject. The section is intended to complement the Surface and Interface Science section of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, which covers the fundamental aspects of this field. The Applied Interfaces and Surfaces section particularly invites papers on the topics listed below. Emphasis will be given to research relating to practical techniques for the growth, analysis and characterization of surfaces and interfaces, and on the effects of surface and interface properties on devices and applications. Practical aspects of the growth of interfaces, surfaces and thin films Nanoscale mechanical properties of interfaces and residual stresses Thermal treatment of surfaces Techniques for the preparation of surfaces Techniques for the analysis and characterization of surfaces and interfaces, such as AES, SIMS, STM, TEM, AFM, etc Surface modification using plasmas and other techniques Given its aims and scope, I am particularly pleased to launch this new section with a collection of papers from the recent International Symposium on Atomic Bonding at Internal Interfaces: Modelling and Spectroscopy. This meeting was held at the conference site of the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft and the conference organizers have kindly provided an introduction to the resulting papers that can be found on the next page. This collection of papers demonstrates that the combination of modern experimental techniques with sophisticated theoretical modelling is providing the understanding of internal interfaces which is a prerequisite for obtaining control of their properties. In addition to a number of regular research articles, also appearing in this first issue is an Invited Article by John McGilp, the scientist who coined the generic term, EPIOPTICS, for the family of optical probe techniques that have considerable potential for the study of interfaces and surfaces. I trust that you will enjoy this first appearance of the Applied Interfaces and Surfaces section. I believe that this is a field of great importance and I am sure that the new section will bring together more high quality research in the forthcoming issues of the journal. Peter Weightman Editor, Applied Interfaces and Surfaces

  11. Editorial.

    PubMed

    Eberly, J

    2000-07-03

    Validation-by-competition has arrived. Collaboration and incubation are next. This appears be the breakout year. I've mentioned previously the electronic publishing plans and projects of the Institute of Physics in the U.K., of the American Acoustical Society and of the American Physical Society. As of July 1, 2000, all of them will have in operation free-standing, all-electronic, peer-reviewed journals. The New Journal of Physics, Acoustic Research Letters Online, and Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, respectively, are the names of these competitors of Optics Express. They go by the acronyms NJP, ARLO and STAB.

  12. Editorial.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bybee, Rodger W.; Ferrini-Mundy, Joan

    1997-01-01

    Recalls the launch of Sputnik in the history of science and mathematics education. Discusses whether anything has changed or any progress in science and mathematics education has been made. (Author/ASK)

  13. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buitink, S.; Hörandel, J. R.; de Jong, S.; Lahmann, R.; Nahnhauer, R.; Scholten, O.

    2017-03-01

    This proceeding gives a summary of the current status and open questions of the radio technique for cosmic-ray air showers, assuming that the reader is already familiar with the principles. It includes recent results of selected experiments not present at this conference, e.g., LOPES and TREND. Current radio arrays like AERA or Tunka-Rex have demonstrated that areas of several km2 can be instrumented for reasonable costs with antenna spacings of the order of 200m. For the energy of the primary particle such sparse antenna arrays can already compete in absolute accuracy with other precise techniques, like the detection of air-fluorescence or air-Cherenkov light. With further improvements in the antenna calibration, the radio detection might become even more accurate. For the atmospheric depth of the shower maximum, Xmax, currently only the dense array LOFAR features a precision similar to the fluorescence technique, but analysis methods for the radio measurement of Xmax are still under development. Moreover, the combination of radio and muon measurements is expected to increase the accuracy of the mass composition, and this around-the-clock recording is not limited to clear nights as are the light-detection methods. Consequently, radio antennas will be a valuable add-on for any air shower array targeting the energy range above 100 PeV.

  14. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sorger, Volker

    2015-05-01

    The year 2015 will likely have a unique place in the history books for the optics and photonics community, since it is paired with various events that are exciting for this field. For one it is the 125th birthday of the Optical Society (OSA), and in addition, the United Nations declared 2015 to be the Year Of Light. The first special issue of this year is dedicated to the topic of "Emerging Materials on Nanophotonics". While the field of nanophotonics has seen tremendous momentum through the support of plasmonics, opto-mechanics, and quantum photonics, it often are both the breakthroughs and continuing developments of materials that bring enabling opportunities for this field. For instance, the area of 2D materials has grown out of its infancy being focused on Graphene into a crossdisciplinary subject area. Here, both scientific and engineering potential are seen in a) novel physical effects, b) higher functionality, and c) smaller form factors all found in one material option. Coincidentally, theUSNational Science Foundation recently held a path findingworkshop on 2D materials Beyond Graphene, and followed through with a dedicated two-year program to fund engineering innovations of the same. Here, the bandgap tunability of trimetal Dichalcogenides (TMD) has found to bear rich bandgap tunability via composition, alloying, and altering design options such as substrate choices or stress, thus providing a large variety of functions. In this context it is interesting to note, that with the many material choices for TMDs, the importance of targeted approaches towards accelerated material-to-marketwas raised in theMaterial Genome Initiative by the US White House. However, with the fundamental challenge of nanophotonics - weak interactions between light and matter - the choice of materials as both device building block and functionality delivery option needs to be synergistically considered. In this regard metal optics is seen as an emerging field that is able to contribute to this design evolution of devices and systems with ever growing constrains. However, materials with new functionalities and *Corresponding Author: Volker Sorger: E-mail: sorger@email.gwu.edu form factors allow utilizing field enhancement techniques in an unprecedented way. This, for instance, enables subwavelength scale photonic and opto-electronic devices with performance improvements such as utilized by the Purcell effect in light emitters, detectors, or electro-optic switching devices. On the other hand, certain novel materials are able to clearly outperform any existing option; for instance transparent-conductive-oxides (TCO) have been found to be able to alter its refractive index by unity. Lastly, with the maturing of silicon photonics as an on-chip optics platform, higher integration options are considered in this special issue; passive devices such as waveguides made out of the electro-optically active Lithium Niobate aid highfunctionality systems on-chip. However, these novel materials and subsequent devices and systems need to be compared and benchmarked in order to be a guide for the next phase of opto-electronic integration and other technologies as carried out by some contributions of this special issue.As the festivities around this Year Of Light continue, this special issue summarizes some of the interesting work around the emerging materials for nanophotonics. Concluding, I would like to thank for the input and help of the fellow Guest Editors, Jenifer Dionne, Alexandra Boltasseva, and Luke Sweatlock along with the Nanophotonics staff, Dennis Couwenberg and Tara Dorrian. Sincerely

  15. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hei, Tom K.

    2016-06-01

    Ground based radiation research facilities are indispensable for a better understanding of the biological principles governing the responses of living organisms to space radiation and for advancing our knowledge in space radiation dosimetry and protection. 2015 marked the 20th anniversary of the first acquisition of space radiation biology and physics data at the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in Upton, New York. Use of the BNL AGS was the product of a collaborative agreement between NASA and BNL to promote the goals of NASA to "expand human presence in the solar system and to the surface of Mars and to advance exploration, science, innovation and benefits to humanity and international collaboration". This collaborative agreement signed on April 8th, 1994 built on previous work at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Bevalac and paved the way for the approval and construction of a dedicated space radiation laboratory at BNL, the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL). In this volume we present three review articles: on the history of the creation of the NSRL, by Walter Schimmerling; on the physics-related research at the AGS and NSRL, by Jack Miller and Cary Zeitlin; and on the identification and evaluation of biomarkers for modeling cancer risk after exposure to space radiation, by Janice Pluth and her colleagues. It is the hope of the editors that our readers, and especially those relatively new to the field, will find these articles to be informative and interesting and that they will foster an appreciation of the importance of ground based radiation research in protecting the health of crew members as they venture out into the solar system in the coming decades.

  16. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, C. P.; Mainardi, F.

    2011-03-01

    Fractional calculus, in allowing integrals and derivatives of any positive real order (the term "fractional" is kept only for historical reasons), can be considered a branch of mathematical analysis which deals with integro-differential equations where the integrals are of convolution type and exhibit (weakly singular) kernels of power-law type. It has a history of at least three hundred years because it can be dated back to the letter from G.W. Leibniz to G.A. de L'Hôpital and J. Wallis, dated 30 September 1695, in which the meaning of the one-half order derivative was first discussed and were made some remarks about its possibility. Subsequent mention of fractional derivatives was made, in some context or the other by L. Euler (1730), J.L. Lagrange (1772), P.S. Laplace (1812), S.F. Lacroix (1819), J.B.J. Fourier (1822), N.H. Abel (1823), J. Liouville (1832), B. Riemann (1847), H.L. Greer (1859), H. Holmgren (1865), A.K. Grünwald (1867), A.V. Letnikov (1868), N.Ya. Sonin (1869), H. Laurent (1884), P.A. Nekrassov (1888), A. Krug (1890), O. Heaviside (1892), S. Pincherle (1902), H. Weyl (1919), P. Lévy (1923), A. Marchaud (1927), H.T. Davis (1936), A. Zygmund (1945), M. Riesz (1949), W. Feller (1952), just to cite some relevant contributors up the mid of the last century, see e.g. [1,2]. Recently, a poster illustrating the major contributors during the period 1695-1970 has been published [3].

  17. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ródenas, José

    2015-11-01

    The Ninth International Topical Meeting on Industrial Radiation and Radioisotope Measurement Applications (IRRMA-9) was organized by the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (UPV) and held at the Paraninfo of the UPV, on the Vera Campus, Valencia (Spain) from 6 to 11 July 2014. IRRMA is a triennial event organized with the purpose of bringing together scientists and engineers, teachers and students from universities, research centres, industry, hospitals and other institutions from all over the world, who share an interest in radiation and radioisotope measurement applications. The first meeting of this series took place in Pinehurst, North Carolina, USA, in 1988. The following three conferences were organized also in North Carolina in 1992, 1996, and 1999. The fifth meeting was held in Bologna (Italy) in 2002, organized by the Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna. The McMaster University in Hamilton (Canada) organized IRRMA-6, in 2005. The Czech Technical University in Prague organized IRRMA-7, in 2008. Back to America, IRRMA-8 was organized by the Kansas State University and held in Kansas City (Missouri), in 2011.

  18. Editorial

    DOE PAGES

    Whittle, K. R.; Edmondson, P. D.

    2015-07-01

    The development of nuclear materials for the next generation of reactor technology, e.g. GenIV and fusion, is at a critical juncture, with an increasing body of research into the long-term effects of radiation damage on materials being examined. As it is hopefully evident from the papers in this journal issue, there are many pertinent and challenging topics for research in this exciting and challenging area of research, driving forward the development of new materials and the next generation of nuclear reactor technologies.

  19. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Villain, Jacques

    2015-10-01

    This issue of the C. R. Physique is thin, but should attract readers, since it gathers articles written by laureates of the prizes of the French Academy of Sciences in the last three years. In these articles they explain their work to non-specialists, as Nobel laureates do in their Nobel lectures.

  20. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, Guoqing; Shen, Hao; Du, Guanghua

    2017-08-01

    This special issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods B contains the proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Nuclear Microprobe Technology and Applications (ICNMTA2016) and the 6th International Workshop on Proton Beam Writing held in Lanzhou, China, from 31 July to 5 August 2016. The conference was hosted by the Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and was co-organized by Fudan University.

  1. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strivay, David; Terwagne, Guy

    2014-07-01

    We are pleased to present here the volume of the proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Accelerators in Applied Research and Technology, which was jointly organized by the Institut de Physique Nucléaire, Atomique et de Spectroscopie of the Physics Department (University of Liège, Belgium) and the Laboratoire d'Analyses par Réactions Nucléaires of the Physics Department (University of Namur, Belgium). The ECAART-11 conference was held at the University of Namur from September 8-13, 2013.

  2. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avasthi, D. K.; Tripathi, A.; Som, T.; Kanjilal, D.; Trautmann, C.

    2016-07-01

    The Eighteenth International Conference on Radiation Effects in Insulators (REI-18) was held during October 26-31, 2015 in Jaipur, India. The conference was organized jointly by Inter-University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi, Malviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, Vivekanand Global University, Jaipur in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA, Vienna and was supported by the Ion Beam Society of India.

  3. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keller, John W.; Gaddis, Lisa; Petro, Noah E.

    2016-07-01

    The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) mission has forever changed our understanding of the Moon, Earth's nearest neighbor in space. By returning a comprehensive data set focused on supporting the extension of a human presence in the Solar System, LRO helps identify and characterize sites with high scientific and exploration value, favorable terrain, and an environment suitable for supporting future lunar missions. As seen in this special issue, LRO data are invaluable for improving our knowledge of fundamental aspects of the Moon and the Solar System, and paving the way for a safe human and robotic return to the Moon.

  4. Editorial

    PubMed

    Sauder

    1998-04-01

    As clinical dermatologists, we are all striving to achieve the highest possible accuracy in our clinical acumen and diagnostic skills. Over the past decade, one relatively simple advance, epiluminescence microscopy with the use of the dermatoscope, has significantly contributed to our diagnostic skills in the detection of benign versus pigmented lesions. In the paper by Kawabata and Tamaki, these authors delineate distinctive dermatoscopic features of acral lentiginous melanoma in situ, and contrast this with melanocytic nevi. The restructuring of healthcare delivery systems by third party payers and governmental programs is impacting on the pattern of our medical practices. In Canada, this has limited access to widespread use of techniques such as Mohs' micrographic surgery. The article by Arlette and colleagues has further supported the well-established studies indicating that Mohs' micrographic surgery for high-risk skin cancers has a dramatic benefit. Healthcare restructuring has also led to a decreased number of trainees in a number of subspecialties, including dermatology. This decrease in manpower has been an impetus to look at alternative forms of care for underserviced areas. Telemedicine, the use of telecommunications technology to provide healthcare services over a distance, has been examined as one attempt at solving this problem. In the Point-Counterpoint articles, we have two distinct views on the future of telemedicine as it applies to dermatology. Over the past decade, there have been dramatic advances in our understanding at a molecular nature of various disease processes. This rapid development has translated into a large number of therapies. Regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration in the United States, or the Health Protection Branch in Canada, are caught between demands to bring effective therapies to the market in an expedited fashion, and yet establish efficacy and maintain safety of new therapeutic entities. This occurs by a multistaged approval process. During the early phases, exposure is limited in order to accumulate preliminary data on pharmacology and toxicity. In the Critical Appraisal CME series, Muglia and DiGiovanna describe early testing processes in Phase 1 clinical trials. Calciphylaxis is a severe disease associated with calcification of the skin, subcutaneous tissue and potentially, internal organs. While the disease itself is relatively uncommon, the manifestations are quite distinctive. In this issue of the Journal, we have a review of calciphylaxis from Richard Worth, as well as a preamble by Dr. Goodall and a case report by Kalaaji et al. illustrating the consequences of this rare but distinctive entity.

  5. Meet the APJON Editorial Board

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    The following oncology nurses, nurse practitioners, educators, administrators, and other healthcare providers comprise the Editorial Board of the Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing (APJON) for 2016. They are involved in cancer care and support APJON's mission to provide a platform for oncology nurses from Asia-Pacific region to share information in all field of oncology nursing from prevention to palliative care. Since 2015, there has been a special topic in each issue, with the topic editor soliciting articles reading all the submitted articles and serving as guest editor for that issue of the journal. We welcome your comments, ideas, and suggestions for special topics. Contact information can be found at the end of each description.

  6. EDITORIAL: Message from the Editor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Paul

    2008-01-01

    To begin, I would like to wish our readers, authors, referees and Board of Editors a successful and happy 2008 and thank them for their contributions to Nuclear Fusion in 2007. I took over the editorship of Nuclear Fusion in January, and the year has been one in which the community as a whole has been busier than ever with a variety of duties associated with the ITER project. It was with pride that we published the Progress in the ITER Physics Basis in the June issue of the journal (stacks.iop.org/NF/47/i=6). The task undertaken by the coordinators, authors and referees was a daunting one but one which led to an outstandingly successful issue. The response from readers has been phenomenal and there were in the region of 10 000 downloads of papers in the first month following publication. Looking to 2008 and beyond, the journal will endeavour to continue to support the work of the fusion community. Refereeing As we have done since January 2005, we would like to thank our top ten most loyal referees who have helped the journal with its double-referee peer-review procedure in the past year. At the Nuclear Fusion Editorial Office we are fully aware of the load we put on the shoulders of our referees. At the end of 2004 the Editorial Board decided that a gesture of gratitude should be made to our most loyal referees. We offer them a personal subscription to Nuclear Fusion with electronic access for one year, free of charge. To select the top referees we have adopted the criterion that a researcher should have acted as a referee or adjudicator for at least three different manuscripts during the period from summer 2006 to the end of 2007. We have excluded our Board members and those referees who were already listed in the top ten in the last two years. According to our records the following people met this criterion. Congratulations and many, many thanks! H.L. Berk (Texas University, USA) J.S. DeGrassie (GAT, USA) C. Deutsch (Paris University, France) N. Hayashi (JAEA

  7. EDITORIAL: 50th anniversary issue

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beddoe, Alun H.

    2006-07-01

    In July 1956, 50 years ago, the first issue of Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB) was published. It was subtitled The Journal of the Hospital Physicists' Association and published in association with the Philosophical Magazine by Taylor and Francis. Subscriptions were £1 per part or £3 10s for an annual subscription. The Editor, Professor J E Roberts, prefaced the first issue with a cautious editorial noting: The appearance of a new journal is usually greeted with mixed feelings by scientific workers, a common response being that there are far too many journals already. Justification for a new publication is only possible if there is a clearly defined gap in the publishing facilities available to workers in a particular scientific field.... Professor Roberts ended by seeking support from the scientific community for the new venture. He certainly got it! From a tentative few hundred pages in four issues a year for the first few years, the journal is now issued twice monthly with nearly 8000 pages expected in volume 51. In this anniversary issue we have invited some 28 senior authors to submit papers on a range of subjects spanning the discipline. We decided that to be an author one had to be old, but age was not to be the only criterion! Indeed readers will recognize all names as major contributors to both the development of medical physics and the success of PMB. Authors were not asked to write formal topical reviews of the state-of-the-art of the sub-disciplines which make up medical physics, but rather to present short historical reviews, didactic in style, perhaps highlighting the role of PMB in the development of their fields. Nevertheless, other than a page limit (which many subsequently ignored!) no formal format was imposed on authors, so what follows is a range of contributions from the almost conversational, personal statement to the more formal and familiar scientific paper. Whatever the writing style we are confident that readers will gain some

  8. Female representation on emergency medicine editorial teams.

    PubMed

    Miró, Oscar; Burillo-Putze, Guillermo; Plunkett, Patrick K; Brown, Anthony F T

    2010-04-01

    To analyse the presence of women on the editorial teams of emergency medicine journals and the potential relationship between the pre-eminence of the journal and their presence. In this cross-sectional study, we examined 10 journals cited under the heading of 'Emergency Medicine' by Thomson Scientific in the Journal Citation Reports and 14 additional emergency journals not cited but which publish investigations in emergency medicine. We evaluated the editorial board posted on their websites, determining the number of men and women occupying executive tasks, as well as the sex of the editor-in-chief of each journal. We identified 372 people working on the editorial teams (mean: 15.5, SD: 13.5), 49 being women (13.2%). Of these 372 people, 28 were editors-in-chief but only one was female (3.6%). We found no statistical differences between indexed and nonindexed emergency journals regarding female representation on the editorial team or in the position of editor-in-chief. Neither did we find any relationship between female presence and the pre-eminence of the indexed journals using impact factor as a surrogate marker. Very few women are found either on editorial teams or in editor-in-chief positions in the emergency medicine journals, irrespective of the pre-eminence of the journal. It should be investigated whether a negative journal bias underlies these findings.

  9. FROM THE EDITORIAL BOARD: From the Editorial Board

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2008-12-01

    A special session of the Editorial Board of Physics - Uspekhi (its oral issue) celebrating the 90th anniversary of the journal and the 50th anniversary of its English version took place on November 19, 2008 in the conference hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute (FIAN) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The following reports were presented at the session: (1) Ginzburg V L (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow), Aksent'eva M S (Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, RAS, Moscow) "On the history of UFN (introductory talk)"; (2) Dremin I M (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "The physics of the Large Hadron Collider"; (3) Shirkov D V (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region) "Pair correlations and spontaneous symmetry breaking"; (4) Smirnov B M (Institute for High Temperatures, RAS, Moscow) "Modeling of gas-discharge plasma"; (5) Sadovskii M V (Institute of Electrophysics, RAS Ural Branch, Ekaterinburg) "High-temperature superconductivity in iron-based layered compounds"; (6) Aleksandrov E B (All-Russian Research Center 'S I Vavilov State Optical Institute', St.-Petersburg) "Physical limits in the metrology of a magnetic field by atomic spectroscopy techniques"; (7) Maksimov E G (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Microscopic studies of the nature of the ferroelectric transition"; (8) Fortov V E (Institute for High Energy Density, RAS, Moscow) "Extreme states of matter". We plan to publish reports Nos 1 - 4 and 6 - 8 in one of the 2009 issues of Physics - Uspekhi, while report No. 5 is published in the present issue for reasons specified in the Editor-in-Chiefs foreword to this article.

  10. EDITORIAL: Letter from the Editor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hauptmann, Peter

    2006-12-01

    Dear authors and reviewers of articles for Measurement Science and Technology, I would like to thank all those who have published papers with us in 2006, and special thanks go to those of you who have kindly reviewed articles for the journal this year. I would also like to take this opportunity to update you on some of the developments on the journal this year. As many of you are no doubt aware our impact factor (a measure of the average number of times recent papers are referred to by others) has remained above 1 for the second year in a row. This is often taken as an indication of the quality and relevance of recently published research, and although as readers we develop our own instinct for journals of high quality, it is gratifying as an Editor to see the data from an independent organization agreeing with my own assessment. This year we have welcomed several new faces to our Editorial Board and International Advisory Board. We are delighted to welcome Professor Hirofumi Yamada of the University of Kyoto as a representative from Japan. From China we have been joined by Professor Xuzong Chen of Peking University and Professor Zhiyi Wei of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing. Professor Ivan Marusic from University of Minnesota and Dr Paul Williams of the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder have joined as North American representatives. As usual you will be able to submit your articles through them or direct to the Editorial Office in Bristol, UK. As part of our ongoing initiative to give our authors' work the highest visibility, all articles are freely available online for 30 days from the date of publication, allowing all researchers to read and view the latest research as soon as it is published, and this year there have been many interesting articles to read! As regular readers are aware, Measurement Science and Technology publishes special issues and features, which highlight an area of current interest. This year's topics included

  11. A message from the Editorial Desk.

    PubMed

    Lehmann, Christoph U

    2013-01-01

    This foreword provides a welcome to all participants of MedInfo 2013 in Copenhagen. It discusses the challenges of the editorial process including issues related to the complicated format required for the submissions as well as the page limitation challenges. The new process of employing a large number of editors to tackle the enormous task of editing 188 papers and 324 posters is discussed. Gratitude is expressed to the editorial committee members Profs. Ammenwerth and Nøhr as well as the assistant editors who made the process possible.

  12. Curiosity --El nuevo robot explorador de Marte

    NASA Image and Video Library

    El nuevo Laboratorio Científico de Marte llamado Curiosity tiene grandes preguntas que responder una vez que llegue a Marte. Infórmese sobre la misión con el analista de trayectoria de la NASA Fern...

  13. EDITORIAL: Cluster issue on microplasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chao, Chih C.; Liao, Jiunn-Der; Chang, Juu-En

    2008-10-01

    -phase discharges in liquid capillaries (P Bruggeman et al) and biomedical applications by antibacterial treatment (K D Weltmann et al). Industrial applications include on-chip microplasma reactors (A Agiral et al), miniaturized atmospheric pressure plasma jets (J Schäfer et al and A V Pipa et al) and microplasma stamps (N Lucas et al). All of these represent important findings and advances in microplasma research and applications. We would like to thank the Publisher of the journal, Sarah Quin, and the editorial staff for their support and management of the publication. It is sincerely hoped that the contents of this Cluster Issue will promote understanding of microplasmas and microdischarges, and inspire further research towards industrial applications.

  14. EDITORIAL: Physics competitions Physics competitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jordens, H.; Mathelitsch, L.

    2010-07-01

    This editorial opens the second special section on physics competitions in European Journal of Physics. In the first section last year, we asked for feedback on the idea of such a section and on the content of the articles. We received no answer whatsoever, which can be interpreted in two ways: the section is not interesting enough to raise motivation for feedback, or the reader is satisfied. Having no indication which scenario is the correct one, we are optimistic and favour the second. The section at hand contains three articles. Again, as last year, the organizer of the annual Olympiad reports on tasks and outcomes of this competition. The Olympiad took place in Merida, Mexico, and was by far the largest event with 316 contestants from 68 countries. Again, the predominance of Asian/Chinese students was manifest, showing how serious the training is taken by both their authorities and students. Unfortunately, the winners of the last International Young Physicists' Tournament (IYPT), the team from Korea, did not accept the offer to report on their prize-winning contribution. We are thankful that two students from Austria, who achieved second place with their team, took over and reported on the task which they presented in the finals of the competition. It connects the fields of sport and physics and explains a special move in skateboarding. The third contribution introduces a different competition, 'International Conference of Young Scientists'. On one hand, as in the Olympiad, it addresses individuals, not teams. On the other, as in the IYPT, students have several months to prepare and also the quality of the presentation is an important element of the judgment. In fact, this competition comes closer to real scientific research compared to the other events. Finally and again, we hope that this section will serve several purposes: To show the competitions as a very important tool in the support of gifted students. To raise awareness amongst university teachers, and

  15. Editorial: Golden Oldies criteria and procedures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ashtekar, Abhay; Maartens, Roy; MacCallum, Malcolm A. H.

    2017-03-01

    The GRG journal's Golden Oldies series has republished more than 80 important old papers in general relativity and gravitation. This announcement updates and replaces the one made in Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 39 (7), 1043 (2007) as modified by the editorial announcement in Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 44 (10), 2419 (2012).

  16. Editorial Advertising and the First Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meeske, Milan D.

    The fast-growing practice of buying paid "editorial advertisements" in the mass media by individuals and citizens groups wishing to express opinions oncontroversial issues, and the media by individuals and citizens groups wishing to express opinions on controversial issues, and the reluctance and refusal of some licensees and publishers…

  17. The Return of the Sun. Editorial.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogl, Robert; Vogl, Sonia

    1994-01-01

    Editorializes briefly upon general progress in solar energy with a focus on electricity generated by a range of solar technologies. Suggests a major educational effort is essential to increase public's awareness of benefits and limitations of solar electricity. Briefly describes a multidisciplinary solar energy education kit for grade levels from…

  18. On the map: Nature and Science editorials.

    PubMed

    Waaijer, Cathelijn J F; van Bochove, Cornelis A; van Eck, Nees Jan

    2011-01-01

    Bibliometric mapping of scientific articles based on keywords and technical terms in abstracts is now frequently used to chart scientific fields. In contrast, no significant mapping has been applied to the full texts of non-specialist documents. Editorials in Nature and Science are such non-specialist documents, reflecting the views of the two most read scientific journals on science, technology and policy issues. We use the VOSviewer mapping software to chart the topics of these editorials. A term map and a document map are constructed and clusters are distinguished in both of them. The validity of the document clustering is verified by a manual analysis of a sample of the editorials. This analysis confirms the homogeneity of the clusters obtained by mapping and augments the latter with further detail. As a result, the analysis provides reliable information on the distribution of the editorials over topics, and on differences between the journals. The most striking difference is that Nature devotes more attention to internal science policy issues and Science more to the political influence of scientists. ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11192-010-0205-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

  19. Popularizing Features in English Journal Editorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giannoni, Davide Simone

    2008-01-01

    Journal editorials allow readers to select the most deserving contributions in the literature and adopt approaches or procedures endorsed by an authority in the field; they act as gatekeepers to the community of practice and at the same time allow editors to connect directly with their readership. Following a number of studies on the structure and…

  20. On the map: Nature and Science editorials

    PubMed Central

    Waaijer, Cathelijn J. F.; van Eck, Nees Jan

    2010-01-01

    Bibliometric mapping of scientific articles based on keywords and technical terms in abstracts is now frequently used to chart scientific fields. In contrast, no significant mapping has been applied to the full texts of non-specialist documents. Editorials in Nature and Science are such non-specialist documents, reflecting the views of the two most read scientific journals on science, technology and policy issues. We use the VOSviewer mapping software to chart the topics of these editorials. A term map and a document map are constructed and clusters are distinguished in both of them. The validity of the document clustering is verified by a manual analysis of a sample of the editorials. This analysis confirms the homogeneity of the clusters obtained by mapping and augments the latter with further detail. As a result, the analysis provides reliable information on the distribution of the editorials over topics, and on differences between the journals. The most striking difference is that Nature devotes more attention to internal science policy issues and Science more to the political influence of scientists. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11192-010-0205-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:21212822

  1. The Return of the Sun. Editorial.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogl, Robert; Vogl, Sonia

    1994-01-01

    Editorializes briefly upon general progress in solar energy with a focus on electricity generated by a range of solar technologies. Suggests a major educational effort is essential to increase public's awareness of benefits and limitations of solar electricity. Briefly describes a multidisciplinary solar energy education kit for grade levels from…

  2. Considerations for Readers of Qualitative Research. Editorial.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Dianne L.; Halle, James W.

    1995-01-01

    This article distinguishes between "using qualitative methods" and "doing qualitative research." It highlights the qualitative approaches of the authors of five articles in this issue and considers the challenges of this type of qualitative research manuscript for the editorial process. (DB)

  3. Editorial: What do we mean by "landscape"?

    Treesearch

    Paul H. Gobster; Wei-Ning. Xiang

    2012-01-01

    As a prelude to revising the Aims and Scope of Landscape and Urban Planning (LAND), our last editorial discussed the journal’s "intellectual landscape" as revealed by an analysis of conceptual and proximal relationships between articles published in LAND and 50 other research journals. The six conceptual themes we identified--ecology, planning and management...

  4. EDITORIAL: Message from the Editor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Paul

    2009-01-01

    The end of 2008 cannot pass without remarking that the economic news has repeatedly strengthened the case for nuclear fusion; not perhaps to solve the immediate crises but to offer long-term security of energy supply. Although temporary, the passage of the price of oil through 100 per barrel is a portent of things to come and should bolster our collective determination to develop nuclear fusion into a viable energy source. It is with great pride, therefore, that I can highlight the contributions that the Nuclear Fusion journal has made to the research programme and the consolidation of its position as the lead journal in the field. Of course, the journal would be nothing without its authors and referees and I would like to pass on my sincere thanks to them all for their work in 2008 and look forward to a continuing, successful collaboration in 2009. Refereeing The Nuclear Fusion Editorial Office understands how much effort is required of our referees. The Editorial Board decided that an expression of thanks to our most loyal referees is appropriate and so, since January 2005, we have been offering the top ten most loyal referees over the past year a personal subscription to Nuclear Fusion with electronic access for one year, free of charge. To select the top referees we have adopted the criterion that a researcher should have acted as a referee or adjudicator for at least two different manuscripts during the period from November 2007 to November 2008 and provided particularly detailed advice to the authors. We have excluded our Board members and those referees who were already listed in the last four years. According to our records the following people met this criterion. Congratulations and many, many thanks! T. Hino (Hokkaido University, Japan) M. Sugihara (ITER Cadarache, France) M. Dreval (Saskatchewan University, Canada) M. Fenstermacher (General Atomics, USA) V.S. Marchenko (Institute for Nuclear Research, Ukraine) G.V. Pereverzev (Max-Planck-Institut fuer

  5. EDITORIAL: Letter from the Editor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hauptmann, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Marella de Angelis and her colleagues on precision gravimetry using atomic sensors and from Dr Peter Becker on determination of the Avogadro constant via enriched silicon-28. I recommend setting up a free e-mail alert so that you can read them as soon as they are published! As many of you are already aware, our impact factor (a measure of the average number of times recent papers are referred to by others) has risen again to 1.297. This is often taken as an indication of the quality and relevance of recently published research, and although as readers we develop our own instinct for journals of high quality, it is gratifying as an Editor to see the data from an independent organization (Thomson ISI) agreeing with my own assessment. Of course the publication of high quality articles in the journal is dependent both on you the authors who trust us with the publication of your best work and on our referees and Editorial Board Members who we depend on to maintain the high standards you have grown to expect. I must also thank our referees for their rapid response when asked to review papers for Measurement Science and Technology. On average, authors receive a decision on their article in 45 days. Therefore I would like to end this message by saying thank you again to all those who have contributed to our success in the past year, and wish you all the best for a successful 2009!

  6. EDITORIAL: New developments for Nanotechnology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Welland, Mark

    2007-01-01

    In this first issue of Nanotechnology for 2007 the journal has taken another step forward in its extraordinary growth and development of the past 5 years. The reader will notice two important changes that have been introduced primarily in response to the exponential rise in submissions to the journal: the contents have been restructured into sections and publication will now be weekly. These latest changes, however, are not the only ones that have been made to the journal and its service to authors and readers. A modern journal has many tools at its disposal that journals of even 10 years ago simply did not. Electronic submission and refereeing, web-based publication, author services such as free electronic reprints and an email alerting service, to name but a few. Published by a learned society, Nanotechnology has constantly responded to the needs of authors and readers alike drawing upon the extensive experience and tools of IOP Publishing. Nanotechnology is of course an exploding field and it is therefore perhaps unsurprising to see a growth in the number of submissions to the journal. However, an inspection of the data surrounding submissions over the past 4 years reveals a disproportionate growth in the success of the journal itself. In 2002 there were 419 submitted papers of which 208 were accepted and published in 6 issues. In 2005 we received 75% more submissions over 2002, had a reduced acceptance rate of 44% and published 12 issues. 2006 showed, in just one year, a growth over 2005 of greater than 50% in the number of submissions. This growth of course does present challenges. The paper issues of the journal have been increasing in mass, hence a move to weekly publishing, and the sheer number of papers means that finding an article on a specific topic can be difficult for readers and authors, hence the move to sections. Sections will also help the Editorial Board in ensuring that the journal has a balanced portfolio of papers reflecting the broad

  7. EDITORIAL: Nanoscale metrology Nanoscale metrology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klapetek, P.; Koenders, L.

    2011-09-01

    contributions and their valuable comments, and the whole Editorial Board of Measurement Science and Technology for their support.

  8. Editorial on Future Jet Technologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gal-Or, Benjamin

    2014-12-01

    The jet engine is the prime flight controller in post-stall flight domains where conventional flight control fails, or when the engine prevents catastrophes in training, combat, loss of all airframe hydraulics (the engine retains its own hydraulics), loss of one engine, pilot errors, icing on the wings, landing gear and runway issues in takeoff and landing and in bad-whether recoveries. The scientific term for this revolutionary technology is "jet-steering", and in engineering practice - "thrust vectoring", or "TV". Jet-Steering in advanced fighter aircraft designs is integrated with stealth technology. The resulting classified Thrust-Vectoring-Stealth ("TVS") technology has generated a second jet-revolution by which all Air-&-Sea-Propulsion Science and R&D are now being reassessed. Classified F-22, X-47B/C and RQ-180 TVS-vehicles stand at the front of this revolution. But recent transfers of such sensitive technologies to South Korea and Japan [1-5], have raised various fundamental issues that are evaluated by this editorial-review. One, and perhaps a key conclusion presented here, means that both South Korea and Japan may have missed one of their air-&-sea defenses: To develop and field low-cost unmanned fleets of jet-drones, some for use with expensive, TVS-fighter aircraft in highly congested areas. In turn, the U.S., EU, Russia and China, are currently developing such fleets at various TVS levels and sizes. China, for instance, operates at least 15,000 drones ("UAVs") by 2014 in the civilian sector alone. All Chinese drones have been developed by at least 230 developers/manufacturers [1-16]. Mobile telecommunication of safe links between flyers and combat drones ("UCAVs") at increasingly deep penetrations into remote, congested areas, can gradually be purchased-developed-deployed and then operated by extant cader of tens of thousands "National Champion Flyers" who have already mastered the operation of mini-drones in free-to-all sport clubs under national

  9. EDITORIAL: Permanent revolution - or evolution?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobson, Ken

    1998-03-01

    Honorary Editor It was that temporary Bolshevik Leon Trotsky who developed the principle of `permanent revolution', a principle that perhaps characterizes the recent history of education in (south) Britain more than does, say, principles traditionally associated with the Conservative or Labour parties. As this editorial is being written, changes are being made to primary school education, and the long-awaited details of the post-Dearing reorganizing of post-16 education are yet to hit the overful bookshelves and filing cabinets of school heads and examination board officials. But something unique has happened recently which might have surprised even Trotsky. The Secretary of State for Education has set up targets for primary school pupils' attainment and threatened (or promised) to resign if they are not met within the lifetime of our newly elected parliament. Of course, if Mr Blunkett is still in a position to resign at that stage he will have been the longest serving Secretary of State since time immemorial. But we should not carp: this is truly a revolutionary idea. Not the promise to resign - although this idea is not so fashionable now as it once was. The revolutionary idea is that a major change to an educational process is actually being made that carries with it a predicted and testable outcome. By contrast, when school physics was refreshed a generation ago by the introduction of Nuffield courses at both pre- and post-16 stages, no `targets' were set. I and many other physics teachers certainly preferred teaching these to teaching their predecessor syllabuses, and might even dare to assert that the pupils liked them too. But we still don't really know whether or not they learned more - or even better - physics. Very little happened as far as the outside world was concerned: the usual fraction of students gave up physics at the usual ages, and those who were examined didn't really get a better reward for their more up-to-date and more enjoyably learned

  10. EDITORIAL: Crisis management - and creation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobson Honorary Editor, Ken

    1996-11-01

    yet more unknown persons. But we live in a democracy, and the new core will be put out for consultation. This will take place between November 1st and 20th, and so will be over, more or less, by the time you read this Editorial. Ordinary teachers of physics are unlikely to be asked for opinions. However, the Institute's informal rapid response team will do their best to represent the interests not only of its members but of the wider physics community. The question remains, however, as to why such rapid reactions are necessary. Surely now is the time to reflect upon the consequences of the rushed initiatives of the past eight years or so in education, and indeed undertake a professional, independent evaluation of them. But our rulers seem incapable of doing other than create crises, and then managing the crises they create by creating even more. There are of course alternatives to this, as could easily be discovered by looking north of Hadrian's Wall, where change is taking placed in a managed, courteous fashion, and where the numbers of students studying physics post-16 is gently increasing. The Scottish Office Education Department has recently taken part in an OECD study of curriculum innovation in 13 countries. The department reports some key findings in the Scottish initiative which are in fact common to all the successful initiatives reported [1, 2]. The message is clear: curriculum change will fail - either completely or at least in reaching the anticipated outcome fully - if certain requirements are not met. The most significant of these, reported in the OECD study, are: Teachers will respond to challenges to become involved in curriculum innovation and to acquire new skills and competences if they are given encouragement and reassurance that they will be well supported in their efforts. Innovation must be systemic, i.e. showing an awareness that many aspects of education are interrelated (so that a change in one affects others). Teacher involvement is vital

  11. EDITORIAL: The present and future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durand, Dominique M.

    2006-09-01

    Neural engineering has grown substantially in the last few years and it is time to review the progress of the first journal in this field. Journal of Neural Engineering (JNE) is a quarterly publication that started in 2004. The journal is now in its third volume and eleven issues, consisting of 114 articles in total, have been published since its launch. The editorial processing times have been kept to a minimum, the receipt to first decision time is 41 days, on average, and the time from receipt to publication has been maintained below three months. It is also worth noting that it is free to publish in Journal of Neural Engineering—there are no author fees—and once published the articles are free online for the first month. The journal has been listed in Pubmed® since 2005 and has been accepted by ISI® in 2006. Who is reading Journal of Neural Engineering? The number of readers of JNE has increased significantly from 8050 full-text downloads in 2004 to 14 900 in 2005 and the first seven months of 2006 have already seen 12 800 downloads. The top users in 2005 were the Microsoft Corporation, Stanford University and the University of Michigan. The list of top ten users also includes non-US institutions: University of Toronto, University of Tokyo, Hong Kong Polytechnic, National Library of China and University College London, reflecting the international flavor of the journal. What are the hot topics in neural engineering? Based on the number of downloads and citations for 2004-2005, the top three topics are: (1) Brain-computer interfaces (2) Visual prostheses (3) Neural modelling Several other topics such as microelectrode arrays, neural signal processing, neural dynamics and neural circuit engineering are also in the top ten. Where are Journal of Neural Engineering articles cited? JNE articles have reached a wide audience and have been cited in of some of the best journals in physiology and neuroscience such as Nature Neuroscience, Journal of Neuroscience

  12. Innovations in healthcare and medicine editorial.

    PubMed

    Graña, Manuel; Chyzhyk, Darya; Toro, Carlos; Rios, Sebastian

    2016-05-01

    This special issue editorial begins with a brief discussion on the current trends of innovations in healthcare and medicine driven by the evolution of sensing devices as well as the information processing techniques, and the social media revolution. This discussion aims to set the stage for the actual papers accepted for the special issue which are extensions of the papers presented at the InMed 2014 conference held in San Sebastian, Spain, in July 2014.

  13. Editorial: By the time you read this ...

    Treesearch

    Michael L. Morrison; William M. Block

    2006-01-01

    It is mid-December 2006, and we are in the process of completing issue number 4 of Volume 71. That is, we are working on the issue that will appear midway through 2007; yes, there is a long lead time required to pull an issue of The Journal of Wildlife Management (JWM) together. Between now, when we are writing this editorial, and when you read this, The Wildlife...

  14. Measuring the quality of editorial peer review.

    PubMed

    Jefferson, Tom; Wager, Elizabeth; Davidoff, Frank

    2002-06-05

    The quality of a process can only be tested against its agreed objectives. Editorial peer-review is widely used, yet there appears to be little agreement about how to measure its effects or processes. To identify outcome measures used to assess editorial peer review as performed by biomedical journals, we analyzed studies identified from 2 systematic reviews that measured the effects of editorial peer review on the quality of the output (ie, published articles) or of the process itself (eg, reviewers' comments). Ten studies used a variety of instruments to assess the quality of articles that had undergone peer review. Only 1, nonrandomized study compared the quality of articles published in peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed journals. The others measured the effects of variations in the peer-review process or used a before-and-after design to measure the effects of standard peer review on accepted articles. Eighteen studies measured the quality of reviewers' reports under different conditions such as blinding or after training. One study compared the time and cost of different review processes. Until we have properly defined the objectives of peer-review, it will remain almost impossible to assess or improve its effectiveness. The research needed to understand the broader effects of peer review poses many methodologic problems and would require the cooperation of many parts of the scientific community.

  15. Under-Representation of Women on Dental Journal Editorial Boards

    PubMed Central

    Ioannidou, Effie; Rosania, Amy

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Each journal’s editorial and advisory board plays a critical role in resolving gender bias in the peer-review and publication process. Thus, this study aimed to quantify women’s participation in editorial and advisory boards of major dental journals. Gender data on editorial and advisory boards were extracted from major dental journals, which were then categorized by journal specialty focus. The gender of the editor-in-chief and associate editor-in-chief was noted to assess the effect of journal leadership on women’s participation in journal boards. For comparison purposes, data were also obtained regarding the percentage of women faculty for each dental specialty. Results Overall, in the major 69 dental journals, 14.8% of editorial board members were women. An one-way ANOVA analysis revealed statistically significant gender differences between journal specialty categories (p = 0.003) with some dental specialties’ journals demonstrating a relatively high participation of women as editorial board members. There was a significant positive correlation for various dental specialties between women’s representation in editorial and advisory boards and women in similar dental academic specialties (p = 0.02, r2 = 0.55). Furthermore, there was a positive correlation between the presence of women in journal editorial leadership and the percentage of women serving as advisory board members (p = 0.03). Our results confirmed that the under-representation of women on dental journal editorial boards was significantly different between dental science specialties. When there were more women in journal editorial leadership positions, there was a higher participation of women as editorial and advisory board members. Journals should increase the numbers of women on editorial boards in order to secure diversity, improve publication quality and recognize women’s contribution to dental science. PMID:25635691

  16. Under-representation of women on dental journal editorial boards.

    PubMed

    Ioannidou, Effie; Rosania, Amy

    2015-01-01

    Each journal's editorial and advisory board plays a critical role in resolving gender bias in the peer-review and publication process. Thus, this study aimed to quantify women's participation in editorial and advisory boards of major dental journals. Gender data on editorial and advisory boards were extracted from major dental journals, which were then categorized by journal specialty focus. The gender of the editor-in-chief and associate editor-in-chief was noted to assess the effect of journal leadership on women's participation in journal boards. For comparison purposes, data were also obtained regarding the percentage of women faculty for each dental specialty. Overall, in the major 69 dental journals, 14.8% of editorial board members were women. An one-way ANOVA analysis revealed statistically significant gender differences between journal specialty categories (p = 0.003) with some dental specialties' journals demonstrating a relatively high participation of women as editorial board members. There was a significant positive correlation for various dental specialties between women's representation in editorial and advisory boards and women in similar dental academic specialties (p = 0.02, r2 = 0.55). Furthermore, there was a positive correlation between the presence of women in journal editorial leadership and the percentage of women serving as advisory board members (p = 0.03). Our results confirmed that the under-representation of women on dental journal editorial boards was significantly different between dental science specialties. When there were more women in journal editorial leadership positions, there was a higher participation of women as editorial and advisory board members. Journals should increase the numbers of women on editorial boards in order to secure diversity, improve publication quality and recognize women's contribution to dental science.

  17. The Composition of the Editorial Boards of General Marketing Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pan, Yue; Zhang, Jason Q.

    2014-01-01

    Unlike the diversity issues in corporate governance, the diversity in top academic positions (e.g., editorial boards of academic journals in business) is rather underresearched. The editorial boards of academic marketing journals are important gatekeepers and trendsetters in the creation and dissemination of marketing knowledge. Membership on…

  18. The Composition of the Editorial Boards of General Marketing Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pan, Yue; Zhang, Jason Q.

    2014-01-01

    Unlike the diversity issues in corporate governance, the diversity in top academic positions (e.g., editorial boards of academic journals in business) is rather underresearched. The editorial boards of academic marketing journals are important gatekeepers and trendsetters in the creation and dissemination of marketing knowledge. Membership on…

  19. Dogmatism, Intelligence, and the Understanding/Appreciation of Editorial Satire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruner, Charles R.

    In a study of satire as persuasion, two experiments were conducted--one to determine whether dogmatism affected the understanding and appreciation of editorial satire, the second to determine the same about intelligence as measured by the Scholastic Aptitude Test. In the first experiment, 116 college students read three satirical editorials. After…

  20. Dogmatism, Intelligence, and the Understanding/Appreciation of Editorial Satire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruner, Charles R.

    In a study of satire as persuasion, two experiments were conducted--one to determine whether dogmatism affected the understanding and appreciation of editorial satire, the second to determine the same about intelligence as measured by the Scholastic Aptitude Test. In the first experiment, 116 college students read three satirical editorials. After…

  1. Editorializing in L2: The Case of Philippine English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dayag, Danilo T.

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the discourse structure of newspaper editorials in Philippine English in terms of their macrostructure and their lexico-grammatical features. Data were taken from three leading English-language newspapers in the Philippines. Toulmin's framework is used in analyzing the macrostructure of the editorials. The study posits that the…

  2. 76 FR 23872 - Editorial Corrections to the Export Administration Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-29

    ... editorial corrections to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). In particular, this rule corrects the... the EAR. DATES: Effective Date: This rule is effective: April 29, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... implements editorial corrections to four parts of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR),...

  3. Editorial challenges of the Revista de Saúde Pública.

    PubMed

    Antunes, José Leopoldo Ferreira; França Júnior, Ivan; de Andrade, Maria Teresinha Dias; Barata, Rita de Cássia Barradas; Monteiro, Carlos Augusto

    2015-07-01

    The editors of the Revista de Saúde Pública describe the journal's editorial profile and discuss the challenges of scientific publication in the area. A historical overview of almost 50 years of the journal is reported, with the temporal projection of their bibliometric indicators. Qualitative and quantitative parameters of its editorial profile and indexes are also reported. Budget constraints and the actions being taken to address them are discussed. The difficulty in allocating reviewers for manuscripts submitted to the editorial process is also discussed; an issue that affects scientific publication in many areas of knowledge. In particular, we sought to reflect on the proposal of measures to boost the editorial process by alleviating the shortage of reviewers and their possible harmful consequences for the editorial process.

  4. Nuevos Destinos: A CD-ROM for Advanced Beginning Spanish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blake, Robert J.

    1999-01-01

    Provides a description of the Nuevos Destinos CD-ROM, a joint production for students learning Spanish at the advanced-beginning, intermediate-low, or native-speaker level. Nuevos Destinos involves students in meaningful ways by asking them to solve real-world problems encountered in law offices. (Author/VWL)

  5. Editorial "The Interdisciplinary Nature of SOIL"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brevik, E. C.; Cerdá, A.; Mataix-Solera, J.; Pereg, L.; Quinton, J. N.; Six, J.; Van Oost, K.

    2014-09-01

    The holistic study of soils requires an interdisciplinary approach involving biologists, chemists, geologists, and physicists amongst others, something that has been true from the earliest days of the field. This approach has been strengthened and reinforced as current research continues to use experts trained in both soil science and related fields and by the wide array of issues impacting the world's biosphere that require an in-depth understanding of soils. Of fundamental importance amongst these issues are biodiversity, biofuels/energy security, climate change, ecosystem services, food security, human health, land degradation, and water security, each representing a critical challenge for research. In order to establish a benchmark for the type of research we seek to highlight in each issue of SOIL, here in this editorial, we outline the interdisciplinary nature of soil science research that we are seeking for in SOIL, with a focus on the myriad ways soil science can be used to expand investigation into a more holistic and therefore richer approach to soil research. In addition, we provide a selection of invited review papers in the first issue of SOIL that address the study of soils and the ways in which soil investigations are essential to other related fields. We hope that both this editorial and the first issue will serve as examples of the kinds of topics we would like to see published in SOIL and will stimulate excitement among our readers and authors to participate in this new venture.

  6. Biochemia Medica's editorial policy on authorship.

    PubMed

    Supak-Smolcic, Vesna; Simundic, Ana-Maria

    2015-01-01

    Recent findings of authorship criteria violations in the manuscripts submitted to Biochemia Medica show that almost 40% of authors do not meet necessary criteria for authorship and thus indicate the need for better dissemination of editorial policy on authorship in our journal. We believe that such cases are mostly due to the authors' unawareness or the lack of understanding of the authorship criteria. With this article we therefore wish to declare our editorial policy on authorship and authorship criteria. Biochemia Medica endorses the authorship policy provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Information on authorship is assessed by self-reported authorship claims during on-line manuscript submission. Those who meet ICMJE criteria shall be listed as authors, and all listed authors shall fulfill ICMJE criteria. All authors should be responsible for content of the article and have to know other authors' contributions to the study. Biochemia Medica will follow recommendations provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) flowcharts for possible disputes. By adhering to this procedure we hope to raise awareness about the importance of compliance with ICMJE authorship recommendations.

  7. EDITORIAL: Five years of development and growth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arimondo, Ennio

    2004-02-01

    The last issue of Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics under my editorship has recently been published. During the last five years, since its change of title, the journal has significantly modified its targets. Starting from a balanced mix of quantum optics and semiclassical optics, new topics have been brought within the scope of the journal, such as atom optics, degenerate quantum gases, quantum computation and quantum information, representing the growing role played by lasers within our technologically oriented society. Furthermore, the journal has greatly expanded the number of Special Issues and has introduced PhD Tutorials. While many authors do not have time to invest in preparing review articles, we have found the review-style PhD Tutorials to be very popular. Looking back over the evolution of the journal, the most obvious criterion of its development, at least from the point of view of the prospective contributing author, has been the gratifying increase in the impact factor measured by ISI, reflecting the leading position of Journal of Optics B as a European journal devoted exclusively to optics research. It is most rewarding to report that the number of printed pages has increased by 77% since 1999 and by more than 20% in the last year, far above the target planned by the publisher. Furthermore, from an Editorial point of view, the high standing of the journal is demonstrated by the very high quality ratings given by referees to the top fraction of submitted manuscripts and by the large number of full text web downloads reported for those papers. Special Issues also attract high numbers of web downloads, demonstrating the special attention these issues attract within the scientific community. Such results have been achieved only through teamwork, and I wish to express my gratitude to all those who contributed to this result over the years: Françoise Chavel from the European Optical Society secretariat in Paris, John Haynes, Tom Spicer

  8. Guest editorial. Integrated healthcare information systems.

    PubMed

    Li, Ling; Ge, Ri-Li; Zhou, Shang-Ming; Valerdi, Ricardo

    2012-07-01

    The use of integrated information systems for healthcare has been started more than a decade ago. In recent years, rapid advances in information integration methods have spurred tremendous growth in the use of integrated information systems in healthcare delivery. Various techniques have been used for probing such integrated systems. These techniques include service-oriented architecture (SOA), EAI, workflow management, grid computing, and others. Many applications require a combination of these techniques, which gives rise to the emergence of enterprise systems in healthcare. Development of the techniques originated from different disciplines has the potential to significantly improve the performance of enterprise systems in healthcare. This editorial paper briefly introduces the enterprise systems in the perspective of healthcare informatics.

  9. Response to the editorial by Dr Geraghty.

    PubMed

    White, Peter D; Chalder, Trudie; Sharpe, Michael; Angus, Brian J; Baber, Hannah L; Bavinton, Jessica; Burgess, Mary; Clark, Lucy V; Cox, Diane L; DeCesare, Julia C; Goldsmith, Kimberley A; Johnson, Anthony L; McCrone, Paul; Murphy, Gabrielle; Murphy, Maurice; O'Dowd, Hazel; Potts, Laura; Walwyn, Rebacca; Wilks, David

    2017-08-01

    This article is written in response to the linked editorial by Dr Geraghty about the adaptive Pacing, graded Activity and Cognitive behaviour therapy; a randomised Evaluation (PACE) trial, which we led, implemented and published. The PACE trial compared four treatments for people diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome. All participants in the trial received specialist medical care. The trial found that adding cognitive behaviour therapy or graded exercise therapy to specialist medical care was as safe as, and more effective than, adding adaptive pacing therapy or specialist medical care alone. Dr Geraghty has challenged these findings. In this article, we suggest that Dr Geraghty's views are based on misunderstandings and misrepresentations of the PACE trial; these are corrected.

  10. Editorial. Bicycle injuries and injury prevention.

    PubMed

    Pless, I B

    2014-07-01

    In 1989, long before this journal added injuries to its title, it published two papers on childhood injuries and I was asked to write an editorial for this occasion. I chose the title "Challenges for Injury Prevention: Two Neglected Aspects" because I thought the papers neglected to mention the inadequacy of injury statistics (at the time there were no emergency department data) and also failed to emphasize the public health importance of childhood injuries. It is instructive, therefore, to compare this issue's offerings with how matters stood nearly 25 years ago and see what progress we've made. Papers in this and the previous issue of this journal discuss bicycle safety in general and helmet use in particular. Although this is a somewhat narrow focus, it serves as one indicator of how the field has evolved and what remains to be done to improve both the science and policy in this domain.

  11. Editorial: A Note on Good Research Practice

    SciTech Connect

    Dooley, James J.

    2013-07-01

    Good scientific practice and research misconduct have been concerns of mine for more than a decade (Dooley and Kerch, 2000) and in my role as an editor of the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, I feel it is time to speak up and at the very least share my concerns and suggestions as they relate to the integrity of the research published in this journal. Rather than wait to write an editorial on good research practices in response to a major incident, I thought it might be best to be proactive and address some of the trends we see in submissions to this peer reviewed journal and to offer some suggestions for improvement improving the level of scholarship in some – but by no means all – of the papers submitted.

  12. [The editorial process for Radiología].

    PubMed

    Corral de la Calle, M A

    2011-01-01

    Radiología is the official journal of the Spanish Society of Diagnostic Imaging. It aims to contribute to the education of Spanish-speaking radiologists and to disseminate radiological research and knowledge in Spanish. The journal has an Editorial Board organized into areas or sections, and material published in the journal is chosen and improved through peer review. This article discusses the model of the scientific journal Radiología and the characteristics of its Editorial Board, comparing Radiología with official general radiology journals of other scientific societies. Moreover, the details of the journal's editorial process are revealed, including the editorial circuit, the reviewers' work, and the technical aspects of the final edition process. Finally, the article lists qualitative and quantitative data about the material that Radiología receives and publishes.

  13. Journal editorial policies, animal welfare, and the 3Rs.

    PubMed

    Osborne, Nicola J; Payne, Daisy; Newman, Michael L

    2009-12-01

    This study evaluates the editorial policies of a randomized sample of English language peer-reviewed journals that publish original research involving the use of animals. The aim is to identify whether journals have editorial policies relating to the use of animals in the research that they are prepared to publish and whether any policies are likely to promote animal welfare and dissemination of information on the 3Rs (reduction, refinement, replacement) within the scientific community. The results demonstrate that a significant proportion of journals publishing original research involving animals do not have any editorial policy relating to the use of animals. Of those journals that do have policies the majority simply request that the research be carried out in accordance with standard regulatory requirements. This paper aims to provide editors and publishers with the information they need to review their own editorial policies to ensure they are fulfilling their potential to promote animal welfare and dissemination of the 3Rs.

  14. Differences in editorial board reviewer behavior based on gender.

    PubMed

    Wing, Deborah A; Benner, Rebecca S; Petersen, Rita; Newcomb, Robert; Scott, James R

    2010-10-01

    Reports indicate that there are gender-based differences in aspects of the peer-review process. This is an analysis of editorial board members' reviews of original research submissions based on gender using the web-based management program, Editorial Manager, from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2008. We evaluated recommendations of editorial board members for acceptance/rejection using a four-tier system, agreement with editor's final decision, turnaround time from review request to submission, and editors' grades of reviews on a 5-point scale. We evaluated the performance of editorial board members with advancing tenure, seeking trends in recommendations over time. We included 6062 manuscript reviews representing 5958 manuscripts; 67% were assigned to male editorial board members and 33% to females. There were 38 editorial board members (25 men, 13 women) with tenure duration from 2 to 4.9 years, and 3 editors (2 men, 1 woman) serving 7, 7, and 6 years, respectively. Women were less likely to accept or accept with minor revisions than men (p < 0.003). Median turnaround times were 14 (0-55) days for women and 10 (0-33) days for men (p < 0.001). The editors' grades assigned to women were more often than men's grades in the very good to exceptional category (p < 0.0001). There was no difference based on gender, with approximately 73% decision congruence overall with the editors' final decisions. Men rejected more manuscripts than did women with advancing tenure on the editorial board (p < 0.0001). There are differences based on gender of editorial board members' recommendations about manuscript triage, turnaround time, and editors' grades assigned. Overall, however, these differences do not affect editors' ultimate decisions about manuscript publication.

  15. Editorial Independence in the Electronic Age: New Threats, Old Owners?

    PubMed Central

    Hoey, John

    2008-01-01

    Editorial independence is crucial for the intellectual life of a scientific journal. A journal exists only as an idea created by authors and readers, with some editorial orchestration. Editorial independence can be compromised by pressure put on editors by their owners–whether commercial publishers or professional organizations. Both types of owners rely heavily on income from paid advertising in their print journals. Yet, the massive expansion of journal readership that has resulted due to the development of the Web has effected a marked shift in the readership of the journal, both geographically and intellectually, producing a new community of users who see only electronic versions of the journal. Commercial pressures on owners to satisfy the interests of the (mainly national and professional) print readership conflict with the editorial independence needed to respond to the vast Web constituency. This is a major source for compromise of editorial independence. Reduction of commercial pressures by transferring editorial costs to authors and by other cost-reducing models are discussed in this article. PMID:22013360

  16. EDITORIAL: MST Best Paper Award for 2004

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gill, Patrick

    2005-12-01

    For the last 13 years, Measurement Science and Technology has awarded a Best Paper prize. The Editorial Board of the journal believes that such a prize is an opportunity to thank authors for submitting their work, and serves as an integral part of the on-going quality review of the journal. An Editorial Board working party, comprising Patrick Gill (Chairman), David Birch and Ralph Tatam undertook the task of selecting as Best Paper 2004 a single contributed paper describing new and significant work, well aligned with the measurement scope of the journal, and presented in clear and rigorous form. They received a number of recommendations from the Editorial and International Advisory Board Members, and they would like to record their thanks to the Members for these recommendations, as they form an all-important first stage in the assessment process. There were responses from some five Board Members. In total, there were 16 papers nominated, plus another six from the working party. All these papers had quality ratings of 2 or higher from the referees, and note was also taken of the total electronic accesses for those papers subsequently short-listed. Review Articles, and papers that included a Board Member as an author, were automatically excluded. From the submitted nominations and working party deliberations, a short list of two papers was drawn up. The winning paper was then selected on the totality of criteria. Thus the paper recommended by the working party for the MST Best Paper Award for 2004 is: 'Adsorptive pressure-sensitive coatings on porous anodised aluminium' by Masaharu Kameda, Norikazu Tezuka, Tomohiro Hangai, Keisuke Asai, Kazuyuki Nakakita and Yutaka Amao, 15 489-500 (2004) This paper describes a novel pressure sensor based on a luminescent coating applied to a porous anodized aluminium layer, with application to the measurement of fluctuating pressures on short timescales with high spatial resolution. The research has particular application to

  17. EDITORIAL: The end of an era

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, P. W.

    2003-12-01

    December 2003 marks the end of an era in the world of metrology with the retirement of Terry Quinn FRS, Director of the BIPM since 1988. Terry's contribution to the field of metrology has been long and distinguished, both as a physicist and administrator; a long list of awards and honours bears testimony to the fact. From the standpoint of physics, his contributions have been numerous and important: in the field of thermometry he pioneered the use of cryogenic radiometers, instruments that are now employed as standards by National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) worldwide; his experiments to measure the Newtonian gravitational constant, G, the least well known of the fundamental constants, are characterized by elegant techniques and novel approaches; and as an example from the field of mass measurement, a definitive experiment at the BIPM ruled out the existence of the so-called 'fifth force'. As Director of the BIPM, Terry Quinn has been the driving force behind many of the initiatives undertaken in metrology in recent years. As any delegate to conferences or meetings at the BIPM will testify, his knowledge and grasp of complex issues are formidable, abilities that are particularly demonstrated at meetings of the Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures (CGPM), where many questions of a technical or diplomatic nature are often raised. The signing of the Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) at the CGPM in Paris in 1999 by the directors of the NMIs of the industrialized states of the world was largely due to his efforts. In paying tribute to Terry, it would be remiss not to mention the part played by his charming wife, Renée. She has graciously hosted innumerable functions at the Quinn home over these years and has always made visitors to the BIPM feel most welcome. On behalf of Metrologia, its readers and Editorial Board, I take this opportunity to wish the Quinns a long and happy retirement. At the same time our best wishes go to Terry's successor, Professor Andrew

  18. EDITORIAL: Computational materials science Computational materials science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kahl, Gerhard; Kresse, Georg

    2011-10-01

    Special issue in honour of Jürgen Hafner On 30 September 2010, Jürgen Hafner, one of the most prominent and influential members within the solid state community, retired. His remarkably broad scientific oeuvre has made him one of the founding fathers of modern computational materials science: more than 600 scientific publications, numerous contributions to books, and a highly cited monograph, which has become a standard reference in the theory of metals, witness not only the remarkable productivity of Jürgen Hafner but also his impact in theoretical solid state physics. In an effort to duly acknowledge Jürgen Hafner's lasting impact in this field, a Festsymposium was held on 27-29 September 2010 at the Universität Wien. The organizers of this symposium (and authors of this editorial) are proud to say that a large number of highly renowned scientists in theoretical condensed matter theory—co-workers, friends and students—accepted the invitation to this celebration of Hafner's jubilee. Some of these speakers also followed our invitation to submit their contribution to this Festschrift, published in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, a journal which Jürgen Hafner served in 2000-2003 and 2003-2006 as a member of the Advisory Editorial Board and member of the Executive Board, respectively. In the subsequent article, Volker Heine, friend and co-worker of Jürgen Hafner over many decades, gives an account of Hafner's impact in the field of theoretical condensed matter physics. Computational materials science contents Theoretical study of structural, mechanical and spectroscopic properties of boehmite (γ-AlOOH) D Tunega, H Pašalić, M H Gerzabek and H Lischka Ethylene epoxidation catalyzed by chlorine-promoted silver oxide M O Ozbek, I Onal and R A Van Santen First-principles study of Cu2ZnSnS4 and the related band offsets for photovoltaic applicationsA Nagoya, R Asahi and G Kresse Renormalization group study of random quantum magnetsIstván A Kovács and

  19. 75 FR 47632 - Thomson Reuters Legal, Legal Editorial Operations, Cleveland Office, Including Workers Whose...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-06

    ... Employment and Training Administration Thomson Reuters Legal, Legal Editorial Operations, Cleveland Office..., applicable to workers of Thomson Reuters Legal, Legal Editorial Operations, Cleveland Office, Independence... that some workers separated from employment at the Independence, Ohio location of Thomson Reuters Legal...

  20. Towards health informatics 3.0. Editorial.

    PubMed

    Kulikowski, Casimir A; Geissbuhler, Antoine

    2011-01-01

    To provide an editorial introduction to the 2011 IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics with an overview of its contents and contributors. A brief overview of the main theme, and an outline of the purposes, contents, format, and acknowledgment of contributions for the 2011 IMIA Yearbook. This 2011 issue of the IMIA Yearbook highlights important developments in the development of Web 3.0 capabilities that are increasing in Health Informatics, impacting the activities in research, education and practice in this interdisciplinary field. There has been steady progress towards introducing semantics into informatics systems through more sophisticated representations of knowledge in their underlying information. Health Informatics 3.0 capabilities are identified from the recent literature, illustrated by selected papers published during the past 12 months, and articles reported by IMIA Working Groups. Surveys of the main research sub-fields in biomedical informatics in the Yearbook provide an overview of progress and current challenges across the spectrum of the discipline, focusing on Web 3.0 challenges and opportunities.

  1. 11 CFR 100.132 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the... DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Expenditures § 100.132 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any...

  2. 11 CFR 100.73 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the... (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Contributions § 100.73 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any broadcasting...

  3. 11 CFR 100.73 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the... (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Contributions § 100.73 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any broadcasting...

  4. 11 CFR 100.132 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the... DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Expenditures § 100.132 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any...

  5. 11 CFR 100.73 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true News story, commentary, or editorial by the... (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Contributions § 100.73 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any broadcasting...

  6. 11 CFR 100.73 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the... (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Contributions § 100.73 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any broadcasting...

  7. 11 CFR 100.132 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true News story, commentary, or editorial by the... DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Expenditures § 100.132 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any...

  8. 11 CFR 100.132 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the... DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Expenditures § 100.132 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any...

  9. Editorial: False Alarm Reduction in Critical Care

    PubMed Central

    Clifford, Gari D; Silva, Ikaro; Moody, Benjamin; Li, Qiao; Kella, Danesh; Chahin, Abdullah; Kooistra, Tristan; Perry, Diane; Mark, Roger G.

    2016-01-01

    High false alarm rates in the ICU decrease quality of care by slowing staff response times while increasing patient delirium through noise pollution. The 2015 Physio-Net/Computing in Cardiology Challenge provides a set of 1,250 multi-parameter ICU data segments associated with critical arrhythmia alarms, and challenges the general research community to address the issue of false alarm suppression using all available signals. Each data segment was 5 minutes long (for real time analysis), ending at the time of the alarm. For retrospective analysis, we provided a further 30 seconds of data after the alarm was triggered. A total of 750 data segments were made available for training and 500 were held back for testing. Each alarm was reviewed by expert annotators, at least two of whom agreed that the alarm was either true or false. Challenge participants were invited to submit a complete, working algorithm to distinguish true from false alarms, and received a score based on their program's performance on the hidden test set. This score was based on the percentage of alarms correct, but with a penalty that weights the suppression of true alarms five times more heavily than acceptance of false alarms. We provided three example entries based on well-known, open source signal processing algorithms, to serve as a basis for comparison and as a starting point for participants to develop their own code. A total of 38 teams submitted a total of 215 entries in this year's Challenge. This editorial reviews the background issues for this Challenge, the design of the Challenge itself, the key achievements, and the follow-up research generated as a result of the Challenge, published in the concurrent special issue of Physiological Measurement. Additionally we make some recommendations for future changes in the field of patient monitoring as a result of the Challenge. PMID:27454172

  10. EDITORIAL: A Message from the Editor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hudson, R. P.

    1981-04-01

    As the new Editor of Metrologia, I welcome this opportunity to greet the readers, to say a few words on hopes and plans, and to make both a plea and promise. The plea arises from a perception that, despite its sixteen years of existence, this journal does not yet enjoy a status of intimate familiarity throughout the world community of physicists. Nevertheless, having been established as a vehicle for disseminating knowledge on all matters metrological, it offers a unique communication and archival resource to those who are active in advancing the science (and the art) of accurate measurement. Therefore I beseech all readers to lose no opportunity to submit their finest metrology research reports and their most penetrating metrological ruminations for publication here and—highly important—to encourage their unaware colleagues to do likewise. And, as a journal cannot flourish which is not fully responsive to the needs of its clientele, my promise is to bend every effort to achieving prompt and careful review of your submissions and rapid publication for those accepted. It is my hope and intention, furthermore, to bring about a measure of increased variety of content through occasional seminal review articles, news of major publications and forthcoming conferences, news of current research and development that should be of major interest to the readership well before the publication of its results; and through the inclusion of short communications on research, letters and topics of wide interest, and comments on articles published. In order to successfully promote these aims, your specific contributions and your suggestions for improvements are enthusiastically solicited. Finally, let me record my gratitude to the distinguished scientists who have agreed to serve for a term on the Editorial Board, to assist me in my task and to labour in the interests of you all. Each member of that Board stands ready to assist the readership on any matter pertaining to

  11. Welcome to Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology: Editorial

    SciTech Connect

    Oldenburg, C.M.; Maroto-Valer, M.M.

    2011-02-01

    This editorial introduces readers and contributors to a new online journal. Through the publication of articles ranging from peer-reviewed research papers and short communications, to editorials and interviews on greenhouse gas emissions science and technology, this journal will disseminate research results and information that address the global crisis of anthropogenic climate change. The scope of the journal includes the full spectrum of research areas from capture and separation of greenhouse gases from flue gases and ambient air, to beneficial utilization, and to sequestration in deep geologic formations and terrestrial (plant and soil) systems, as well as policy and technoeconomic analyses of these approaches.

  12. Editorial commentary revisited and the spin move refined.

    PubMed

    Lubowitz, James H; Provencher, Matthew T; Brand, Jefferson C; Rossi, Michael J

    2015-04-01

    First, editorial commentary: editorial commentary may be educational and may be controversial, but above all else, authors come first. Second, The Spin Move: The Spin Move is effective, cost-effective, and ubiquitous because, while many techniques are specific to a single joint, The Spin Move can be performed as a part of any arthroscopic and related procedure. However, like many advanced procedures, The Spin Move, when poorly executed, entails substantial risk. Preoperative planning is essential, and The Spin Move must be reviewed by inexperienced practitioners, in detailed text, figures tables, and video, at www.arthroscopytechniques.org. Practice makes perfect.

  13. EDITORIAL: Incoming Editor-in-Chief

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Webb, Steve

    2006-01-01

    Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB) is a journal that originated in the UK but is now rightly regarded as one of the pre-eminent international journals for the publication of material coming within its remit. It is 50 years old and its maturity is an outcome of the consistent support of high performing authors, a supportive and professional publishing house, dedicated referees, many vigorous and conscientious editorial boards and the collective input of the 10 previous Editors as listed in his incoming editorial (January 2000 issue) by the retiring Editor, Professor Alun Beddoe. The scientific climate and it associated publication modus operandi in the 1950s was very different from that at the current time and the journal has evolved to reflect this. Hence today the scope of content is somewhat broader, the size of the journal is vastly greater, the whole publication process is slicker and more efficient and a paper in PMB is highly prized by its authors and those who look to quality factors and impact. The quality of the journal still relies on the voluntary labour and expertise of its busy international referees and Board members. For many years I have tried to place my own research material in PMB and encourage my teams to do likewise, not only acknowledging the prestige of the journal but also because of the extraordinarily fast turnaround time of all the processes without any loss of quality. This serves us very well and the publishing team are to be congratulated. Some things seem to change more slowly or not at all, however. The prediction, when I started my research career, that books and journals would be dinosaurs by now has manifestly not come true and, whilst most of us are addicted (and why not?) to the electronic ways of doing things that can be done by more traditional ways, PMB and a packet of reprints from time to time arriving by post still has a reassuring feel despite the fact that the papers have been `on-line' for a while before. An incoming

  14. EDITORIAL: Incoming Editor-in-Chief

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lidström, Suzanne

    2012-04-01

    When Professor Anders Bárány took over as the Executive Editor of Physica Scripta, in 1986, he talked of his trepidation at having to 'dress himself' in his predecessor's 'editorial coveralls'. At that time, they had been worn by Professor Nils Robert Nilsson, a major figure in the physics community, for almost 20 years. Just one year prior to this, Professor Roger Wäppling had been recruited to the position of Subeditor in conjunction with a decision to expand the number of contributions in the field of condensed matter physics, to turn it into one of the dominant subjects in the broad-based journal. Physica Scripta had already gained a reputation for being a high quality journal with wide coverage of both experimental and theoretical physics. Interestingly, in the mid 1980s, the number of papers submitted had been growing and an impressive 250 submissions per year had been attained, with all of the manuscripts being handled in-house. Not many miles away in the town of Uppsala, a group of English students was stepping off a train on a magnificent snowy day in January to embark on their final year projects. A couple of us enjoyed ourselves so much that we stayed on afterwards as PhD students, thereby encountering the mixed pleasure of studying physics in a second language for the first time. I used to copy the notes down meticulously in Swedish, then try to work backwards with a textbook to improve my language skills. One day, returning from a particularly incomprehensible lecture on solid state physics, I showed my roommates my notes and asked if they could please explain what the lecture had been about: 'I don't know', they replied, 'but this bit is about sheep!' Meanwhile, back at Physica Scripta, the journal continued to flourish: 400 submissions were received in 1996, and the march of progress was well underway. Manuscripts could now be sent in on disks and Physica Scripta was available on the World Wide Web. Roger was appointed to manage the journal and

  15. EDITORIAL: Nanostructured solar cells Nanostructured solar cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greenham, Neil C.; Grätzel, Michael

    2008-10-01

    surfaces and interfaces, which are often the limiting factor in device performance. This issue provides concrete examples of how the techniques of nanoscience and nanotechnology can be used to understand, control and optimize the performance of novel photovoltaic devices. We are grateful to the contributors for submitting high-quality papers around a common theme, even though they may not normally consider their work to fall under the banner of 'nanotechnology'. We would also like to thank the editorial and production staff at Nanotechnology for their efficient and speedy work in putting this issue together.

  16. EDITORIAL: Welcome to the 2008 volume

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Puers, R.

    2008-01-01

    It is my pleasure to address these few lines to you all on the occasion of the start of the 2008 volume of Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, the journal's eighteenth year, and my eleventh year of service as Editor-in-Chief. As in previous years, I would like to take the opportunity to reflect on the achievements of the past year. The number of submissions to the journal continues to grow, to almost 800 in 2007. Importantly, the journal's ISI® impact factor remains at a solid 2.321. This is an achievement we can all be proud of. In 2007, an incredible 350 000 papers were downloaded, which clearly reflects the visibility and appreciation of our research work. These excellent results are entirely due to the fact that more of you are choosing to submit your high-quality work to the journal, and because more of you are also choosing to cite recent papers published within the journal. I would like to take this opportunity to thank each one of you: readers, authors and referees alike. To cope with the steadily increasing number of incoming papers, the review process had to be expanded. In 2007, more than 700 experts selected from 35 countries agreed to our requests to referee. In the name of the entire team, I would like to express my thanks to all our referees for their careful and well constructed reports, which are of paramount importance in maintaining the quality standards of Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. The average time to produce an individual report is a mere 19 days, contributing towards a very favourable overall processing time which is an attractive feature of the journal. Of course all this would not be possible without the constant hard work of the publishing, production and marketing staff in Bristol. In the name of the Editorial Board, contributing authors and readers, I wish to thank them for their support. Finally, I believe we have established a clear and distinct profile in the broad spectrum of journals in our field

  17. EDITORIAL: Atomic layer deposition Atomic layer deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Godlewski, Marek

    2012-07-01

    processes. Summarizing, this special issue of Semiconductor Science and Technology reflects the rapidly growing interest in the ALD growth method and demonstrates the wide range of possible practical applications of ALD-grown materials, not only of high-k dielectrics, but also of a range of different materials (e.g. ZnO). Finally, I would like to thank the IOP editorial staff, in particular Alice Malhador, for their support and efforts in making this special issue possible.

  18. Editorial: Letter from the Board of Directors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandqvist, Aage

    2004-10-01

    New policy concerning expanded European and non-European A&A memberships: It is now thirty-five years since the scientific journal Astronomy & Astrophysics (A&A) was founded by the merging of six national journals from four European nations, namely France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden; Belgium and the other Nordic countries, Denmark, Finland and Norway, also participated. They were subsequently joined by five other western European nations, namely Austria, Greece, Italy, Spain and Switzerland (Norway later withdrew). A&A has no international legal status as such but is represented by the European Southern Observatory (ESO), which also manages its financial transactions. In the early nineteen-nineties, A&A with great foresight took an important step - which the European Union would follow more than a decade later - by incorporating eastern European countries into its sponsoring membership: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and the Slovak Republic; Estonia became a full member in 1998. A&A was now truly ``A European Journal", as then stated on the front cover. In the meantime, A&A grew in importance as a vehicle for world-wide dissemination of astronomical research and an ever-increasing number of high-quality papers began streaming into the A&A Editorial offices from non-European countries, as well as from other European non-member countries. It became obvious to us that A&A no longer was merely a European Journal and in 2001 we removed the ``A European Journal'' from the front cover. Eventually, some of these non-European countries began approaching us with queries about potential membership in A&A and in 2002 we admitted the first such country, Argentina, with an observer status. Meanwhile, the Board intensified its study of the financial and administrative consequences of a wider expansion including the admission of member countries beyond Europe - a special subcommittee was appointed. The Board of Directors, at its meeting in Tartu, Estonia on 8 May

  19. 32 CFR Appendix D to Part 246 - Editorial Operations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... shorter market surveys through its bookstore operations to determine changing readership interests. The... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Editorial Operations D Appendix D to Part 246...) MISCELLANEOUS STARS AND STRIPES (S&S) NEWSPAPER AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS Pt. 246, App. D Appendix D to Part...

  20. Editorial: Selling a sugar tax: the sweet smell of success?

    PubMed

    Lloyd-Williams, Ffion; Capewell, Simon

    2016-09-01

    This editorial briefly considers the increasing epidemic of obesity and Type 2 diabetes, the underlying drivers of junk food and sugary drinks, and the recent scientific and campaigning movements culminating in the UK Chancellor's surprise announcement of a Sugary Drinks Levy. Copyright© 2016 Dennis Barber Ltd.

  1. Fractal Modeling and Scaling in Natural Systems - Editorial

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The special issue of Ecological complexity journal on Fractal Modeling and Scaling in Natural Systems contains representative examples of the status and evolution of data-driven research into fractals and scaling in complex natural systems. The editorial discusses contributions to understanding rela...

  2. "The Shadow of Hate": An Exercise in Writing an Editorial.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graff, Pat

    2000-01-01

    Notes an often-ignored important step in opinion writing: gathering facts and data to use in supporting arguments. Presents specific 50-60 minute classroom activities to help create a unit for students. Includes a lesson plan for three days, tips for writing a good editorial, and an article by Cat Kasko entitled "Forgiveness is a beautiful thing."…

  3. Editorial: Mapping the Intellectual Landscape of Landscape and Urban Planning

    Treesearch

    Paul H. Gobster; Wei-Ning. Xiang

    2012-01-01

    Maps are central to our understanding of landscapes. When this Editorship began to revise the journal's Aims and Scope for presentation in a forthcoming editorial, we sought ways in which we could identify the core knowledge base and boundaries, however permeable, of what the journal community considers to be Landscape and Urban Planning (LAND). Strategically, we...

  4. Editorial Involvement in Regional/Split Run Editions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reuss, Carol

    This document is a preliminary study of the listings of a wide variety of regional/split-run editorial practices of major American periodicals. Publications chosen for the study were selected from the tenth edition of "Magazine Regional and Split-Run Advertising," published by the Magazine Advertising Bureau of the Magazine Publishers Association.…

  5. Editorial Bias in Crowd-Sourced Political Information.

    PubMed

    Kalla, Joshua L; Aronow, Peter M

    2015-01-01

    The Internet has dramatically expanded citizens' access to and ability to engage with political information. On many websites, any user can contribute and edit "crowd-sourced" information about important political figures. One of the most prominent examples of crowd-sourced information on the Internet is Wikipedia, a free and open encyclopedia created and edited entirely by users, and one of the world's most accessed websites. While previous studies of crowd-sourced information platforms have found them to be accurate, few have considered biases in what kinds of information are included. We report the results of four randomized field experiments that sought to explore what biases exist in the political articles of this collaborative website. By randomly assigning factually true but either positive or negative and cited or uncited information to the Wikipedia pages of U.S. senators, we uncover substantial evidence of an editorial bias toward positivity on Wikipedia: Negative facts are 36% more likely to be removed by Wikipedia editors than positive facts within 12 hours and 29% more likely within 3 days. Although citations substantially increase an edit's survival time, the editorial bias toward positivity is not eliminated by inclusion of a citation. We replicate this study on the Wikipedia pages of deceased as well as recently retired but living senators and find no evidence of an editorial bias in either. Our results demonstrate that crowd-sourced information is subject to an editorial bias that favors the politically active.

  6. Editorial Bias in Crowd-Sourced Political Information

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The Internet has dramatically expanded citizens’ access to and ability to engage with political information. On many websites, any user can contribute and edit “crowd-sourced” information about important political figures. One of the most prominent examples of crowd-sourced information on the Internet is Wikipedia, a free and open encyclopedia created and edited entirely by users, and one of the world’s most accessed websites. While previous studies of crowd-sourced information platforms have found them to be accurate, few have considered biases in what kinds of information are included. We report the results of four randomized field experiments that sought to explore what biases exist in the political articles of this collaborative website. By randomly assigning factually true but either positive or negative and cited or uncited information to the Wikipedia pages of U.S. senators, we uncover substantial evidence of an editorial bias toward positivity on Wikipedia: Negative facts are 36% more likely to be removed by Wikipedia editors than positive facts within 12 hours and 29% more likely within 3 days. Although citations substantially increase an edit’s survival time, the editorial bias toward positivity is not eliminated by inclusion of a citation. We replicate this study on the Wikipedia pages of deceased as well as recently retired but living senators and find no evidence of an editorial bias in either. Our results demonstrate that crowd-sourced information is subject to an editorial bias that favors the politically active. PMID:26331611

  7. A Contrastive Analysis of the American and Persian Newspaper Editorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Homayounzadeh, Maryam; Mehrpour, Saeed

    2013-01-01

    Based on the principles of critical discourse analysis this contrastive study sought to investigate the effect of culture on the journalistic style and the strategies used to report news in the American and Persian newspaper editorials. To this end, articles were selected from the New York Times, the Washington Post, Kayhan and Ettelaat, taking…

  8. Post-assassination Newspaper Editorial Eulogies: Analysis and Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldzwig, Steven R.; Sullivan, Patricia A.

    1995-01-01

    Analyzes postassassination newspaper editorials eulogizing John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Robert F. Kennedy. Argues that they fulfill four rhetorical functions: providing a public space for symbolic catharsis, celebrating individual virtues and mythic constructions of those virtues, attempting to reknit communal bonds, and calling…

  9. A Contrastive Analysis of the American and Persian Newspaper Editorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Homayounzadeh, Maryam; Mehrpour, Saeed

    2013-01-01

    Based on the principles of critical discourse analysis this contrastive study sought to investigate the effect of culture on the journalistic style and the strategies used to report news in the American and Persian newspaper editorials. To this end, articles were selected from the New York Times, the Washington Post, Kayhan and Ettelaat,…

  10. US editorial writers put Canadian health care under microscope

    PubMed Central

    Gray, C

    1998-01-01

    Editorial writers from the US descended on Ottawa recently for their annual meeting, and CMAJ contributing editor Charlotte Gray was one of the speakers. She said the visitors received widely differing views on the Canadian health care system and may have emerged from the meeting more confused than informed. PMID:9861213

  11. The Description and Indexing of Editorial Cartoons: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landbeck, Christopher Ryan

    2013-01-01

    While access to images in general has improved in the last 20 years, due to both advances in electronic storage and dissemination and to improvements in the intellectual provisions of them, access to editorial cartoons lags behind access to other types of images. While there have been piecemeal or ad hoc efforts to organize large cartoon…

  12. 76 FR 56304 - Hazardous Materials: Minor Editorial Corrections and Clarifications

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 49 CFR Parts 105, 106, 107, 130, 171, 172, 173, 174, 176, and 177 RIN 2137-AE77 Hazardous Materials: Minor Editorial Corrections and Clarifications AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This...

  13. The Mexican Meteorite Nuevo Mercurio (H5): Characteristics of Chondrules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cervantes-de La Cruz, K. E.; Ortega-Gutiérrez, F.

    2006-03-01

    A study of the chondrules of Nuevo Mercurio (H5). There are some primary characteristics that can be observed, such as the relationship between chondrule size and their texture, and presence of opaque minerals (troilite and/or Fe-Ni alloys).

  14. GT-10 - EARTH SKY - COAHUILA & NUEVO LEON, MEXICO

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1966-07-18

    S66-45763 (18-21 July 1966) --- Don Martin Reservoir and Sabinas River Valley area of the States of Coahuila and Nuevo Leon, Mexico, as seen from the Gemini-10 spacecraft. Taken with a J. A. Maurer 70mm camera, using Eastman Kodak, Ektachrome, MS (S.O. 217) color film. Photo credit: NASA

  15. Mycobacterium lepromatosis Infections in Nuevo León, Mexico

    PubMed Central

    Escalante-Fuentes, Wendy; Ocampo-Garza, Sonia S.; Ocampo-Candiani, Jorge; Molina-Torres, Carmen A.; Avanzi, Charlotte; Benjak, Andrej; Busso, Philippe; Singh, Pushpendra; Cole, Stewart T.

    2015-01-01

    The frequency of infection caused by the recently described pathogen Mycobacterium lepromatosis is unknown. Here, we describe the demographics, clinical characteristics, and therapeutic outcomes of five lepromatous leprosy patients suffering from M. lepromatosis infection in Nuevo Léon, Mexico. Diagnosis was facilitated by a new highly specific PCR procedure. PMID:25809978

  16. EDITORIAL: George W Series Memorial Essays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dodd, J. N.

    1997-01-01

    tuneable lasers, generally with the emphasis on understanding the underlying physics rather than accumulating data. He had a highly original mind, which showed both in his choice of research topics and in his method of approach. He did not follow fashion; his instinct for an interesting problem was at odds with the modem policy of direct funding and the identification of "growth areas". His applications for research grants were often unsuccessful, despite his high international standing and integrity. He was never interested in building up a large research team, and had comparatively few research students, but his enthusiasm and commitment to the quality of his science attracted a succession of overseas visitors to his laboratory. Following my own year at the Clarendon, and some subsequent visits both to Oxford and to Reading, there was a continuing strong association between the Clarendon and Otago Physics that continues until today. George Series was the William Evans Visiting Professor to Otago University in 1972. He never lost his interest in the fundamentals of physics inspired by his first researches into the structure of the hydrogen atom; he wrote on the Rydberg constant, the physics of spontaneous emission, and on the fine-structure constant α = e2/hc. He donated a garden seat to St Edmund Hall (Oxford), of which he was a Fellow. On it he placed a plaque* in recognition of the ubiquitous nature of this constant; it almost had magical significance for him. He served physics in many ways outside research. He was for a number of years the Editor of the European Journal of Physics and was also Editor of the Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics, He was also on the Editorial Board of a number of journals. He was elected to Fellowship of a number of physics societies. The Editorial Board of these Memorial Essays dedicate them to George's memory, and to his wife Annette and his family.

  17. EDITORIAL: Welcome to the New Year!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hampshire, D. P.

    2008-01-01

    of all journals specialising in superconductivity. Further improvements, implemented from this January issue onwards, include: The introduction of article numbering which will speed up the publication process. Papers in different issues can be published online as soon as they are ready, without having to wait for a whole issue or section to be allocated page numbers. This will improve submission to publication times. Bringing the journal into line with other IOP journals so that reports from two referees are required for each paper prior to an acceptance/rejection decision. Refreshing the design of SuST's cover, modernising the typography and creating a consistent look and feel across the range of journals. Naturally we have also been asking how SuST and IOP Publishing can help the superconductivity community meet the challenges of the future and maintain the broad international readership that supports SuST. Clearly a specialist journal like SuST has a very different role in our community from general science journals such as Science and Nature. However the superconductivity community would benefit if publication in SuST brought with it the prestige of a yet higher impact factor, comparable to the very best physics, chemistry and engineering journals. In this context, I have identified the following aims for the Editorial Board: To increase the impact factor of SuST; To broaden the scope and size of the journal by increasing its profile and publishing the best papers in superconductivity— both in basic science and in technology; To improve the refereeing process by eliminating the tail of low impact papers submitted to SuST and reducing the time from submission to online availability; To make SuST the natural place to publish invited papers from the best of the community's pure and applied conferences and workshops; To improve the effectiveness of the Editorial Board; To improve the services that IOP Publishing provides for the superconductivity community. I am

  18. EDITORIAL: Tropical deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gibbs, Holly K.; Herold, Martin

    2007-10-01

    's tropical forests that can provide key consistency and prioritization for national-level efforts. Gibbs et al calculate a range of national-level forest carbon stock estimates that can be used immediately, and also review ground-based and remote sensing approaches to estimate national-level tropical carbon stocks with increased accuracy. These papers help illustrate that methodologies and tools are indeed available to estimate emissions from deforestation. Clearly, important technical challenges remain (e.g. quantifying degradation, assessing uncertainty, verification procedures, capacity building, and Landsat data continuity) but we now have a sufficient technical base to support REDD early actions and readiness mechanisms for building national monitoring systems. Thus, we enter the COP 13 in Bali, Indonesia with great hope for a more inclusive climate policy encompassing all countries and emissions sources from both land-use and energy sectors. Our understanding of tropical deforestation and carbon emissions is improving and with that, opportunities to conserve tropical forests and the host of ecosystem services they provide while also increasing revenue streams in developing countries through economic incentives to avoid deforestation and degradation. References Gullison R E et al 2007 Tropical forests and climate policy Science 316 985 6 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2007 Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis: Summary for Policymakers http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg1/ar4-wg1-spm.pdf Santilli M et al 2005 Tropical deforestation and the Kyoto Protocol: an editorial essay Clim. Change 71 267 76 Focus on Tropical Deforestation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Contents The articles below represent the first accepted contributions and further additions will appear in the near future. Pan-tropical monitoring of deforestation F Achard, R DeFries, H Eva, M Hansen, P Mayaux and H-J Stibig Monitoring and estimating tropical forest carbon

  19. EDITORIAL: Negative ion based neutral beam injection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hemsworth, R. S.

    2006-06-01

    meeting were asked if they were interested in rewriting and extending their contributions as a submission to Nuclear Fusion. Technology papers were accepted because of the very nature of the subject. The submissions underwent the regular double-referee peer-review process, and the accepted articles are grouped together in this special issue with a sequence given by the following subjects: Beam line and large source development Small sources and source modelling Source diagnostics development ITER N-NBI design and development I hope that this special issue will document in sufficient detail the present state of the art of negative ion based neutral beam injection systems. Message from the Editor, F.C. Schüller Now that the construction of ITER has become a reality the consequence is that fusion research will gradually shift in its focus from plasma physics alone to more technological issues.The Editorial Board of Nuclear Fusion has recognized this trend and therefore wants to give more prominence in the journal to heating methods and related techniques. Therefore we are happy to bring negative ion based neutral beam injection to the foreground with this special issue. We have found a dedicated Guest Editor in the person of Ron Hemsworth.

  20. Nuevos sistemas de frecuencia intermedia para el IAR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olalde, J. C.; Perilli, D.; Larrarte, J. J.

    Se presenta el diagrama en bloques de los nuevos sistemas de Frecuencia Intermedia para los dos radiómetros instalados en el IAR. Entre las características más importantes del sistema podemos mencionar la posibilidad de conectar cualquiera de las dos antenas a los ``backend" disponibles: analizador espectral de alta resolución (META II) de 0,05 Hz, autocorrelador de 1008 canales y contínuo. Se incorporan al sistema nuevos sintetizadores de frecuencia implementados con PLL y la moderna técnica de síntesis digital directa. Por último, el conjunto del sistema es susceptible de ser configurado por las computadoras de adquisición de datos, supervisadas por otra, que entrega el estado de funcionamiento actual y evita la selección de configuraciones incorrectas por parte del usuario.

  1. Opening editorial 2016: Changes in scope and structure.

    PubMed

    Kazak, Anne E

    2016-01-01

    This issue of American Psychologist (AP) marks historic changes in the editorial structure and leadership of AP and related shifts in the refinement of the mission of AP and the types of papers AP will publish. As the new editor-in-chief (EIC) of AP, I am enthusiastic about psychology and the many ways that psychological knowledge can improve our lives and the societies in which we live. AP will continue to reflect the whole of psychology and welcomes the input and involvement of individuals from all areas of the field. In this editorial, I offer readers a brief overview of current journal activities and procedures for the flagship journal of the American Psychological Association (APA). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  2. Gender Representation on Journal Editorial Boards in the Mathematical Sciences

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    We study gender representation on the editorial boards of 435 journals in the mathematical sciences. Women are known to comprise approximately 15% of tenure-stream faculty positions in doctoral-granting mathematical sciences departments in the United States. Compared to this group, we find that 8.9% of the 13067 editorships in our study are held by women. We describe group variations within the editorships by identifying specific journals, subfields, publishers, and countries that significantly exceed or fall short of this average. To enable our study, we develop a semi-automated method for inferring gender that has an estimated accuracy of 97.5%. Our findings provide the first measure of gender distribution on editorial boards in the mathematical sciences, offer insights that suggest future studies in the mathematical sciences, and introduce new methods that enable large-scale studies of gender distribution in other fields. PMID:27536970

  3. Gender Representation on Journal Editorial Boards in the Mathematical Sciences.

    PubMed

    Topaz, Chad M; Sen, Shilad

    2016-01-01

    We study gender representation on the editorial boards of 435 journals in the mathematical sciences. Women are known to comprise approximately 15% of tenure-stream faculty positions in doctoral-granting mathematical sciences departments in the United States. Compared to this group, we find that 8.9% of the 13067 editorships in our study are held by women. We describe group variations within the editorships by identifying specific journals, subfields, publishers, and countries that significantly exceed or fall short of this average. To enable our study, we develop a semi-automated method for inferring gender that has an estimated accuracy of 97.5%. Our findings provide the first measure of gender distribution on editorial boards in the mathematical sciences, offer insights that suggest future studies in the mathematical sciences, and introduce new methods that enable large-scale studies of gender distribution in other fields.

  4. EDITORIAL: Selected papers from ICO XIX

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Consortini, Anna; Righini, Giancarlo C.

    2003-09-01

    contains a selection (less than one tenth of those presented at the Congress) of papers based on presentations given at ICO XIX or, in one or two cases, related works by congress participants. Despite the rigorous selection criteria necessary to maintain an optimum size of this special issue (for which we express our regret to the authors of those papers which did not rank in the top group), we believe that this issue is well representative of the current work in optics, both on a topical and a geographical basis. We take this occasion to thank the sponsors of the Congress, who contributed to make ICO XIX a successful event, the editorial office of Institute of Physics Publishing, and in particular Claire Bedrock whose hard work made this issue feasible, all the authors for their valuable contributions and, last but not least, the members of the Advisory and Program Committees as well as all the reviewers for their dedicated work.

  5. EDITORIAL: Special Issue on Physical Units

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blackburn, David

    1994-01-01

    the base and derived units of physics still being open to debate. Giving weight and coherence to this issue is the collective experience of the authors. Individually, they have made important contributions to measurement, have taken part in the operations of national standards laboratories and in the work in which such laboratories collaborate. They are members of the committees which negotiate terms for the use and recognition, at national, regional and international level, of the units which industrial laboratories maintain. Just under half of them are members of the Comité Consultatif des Unites (CCU), the committee to which the Comité International des Poids et Mesures (CIPM), itself turns when it looks for advice on issues affecting the use of units. This issue deals with topics which are central to the decisions of the CIPM. This is an appropriate place, therefore, to mention the close interest which two members of the Comité International have taken in Metrologia and the unfailing support they have given it: Professor Dieter Kind and Professor Jan de Boer. As President of the Comité International, Professor Kind greatly influenced the decision that the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures should purchase Metrologia and did much to create the spirit of independent commentary in which the journal operates. Now that his retirement from his principal post as President of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, approaches, I take this opportunity, on behalf of Metrologia, its readers and its Editorial Board, to wish him a happy retirement and hope that in the future he will still find time to take an interest in the affairs of the journal. Professor de Boer's contribution to measurement is long and distinguished. His membership of the CIPM began in 1954 and he was its Secretary from 1962 to 1989. He thus took part in the debate which resulted in the decision to launch Metrologia in 1965. As the sole person to hold office as President of the

  6. EDITORIAL: Special Issue: CAMOP MOLEC XV

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2006-01-01

    upon genetic algorithms and its performance is demonstrated on the example of dense spectra of (complexed) aromatic species. Interaction potential surface calculations of rare gasses with halogens in van der Waals complexes are described by Delgado-Barrio and co-workers, and Tennyson discusses new theoretical techniques based on the use of the variational principle to guide the spectral assignment of complicated water spectra, e.g. at very high temperatures. Finally, Okumura and co-workers present NIR spectra of NO3 and in combination with new calculations these shed light on how to interpret vibronic couplings in this interesting system. The last section of this issue comprises fragmentation and photo-dissociation studies. Rubio-Lago et al discuss methods to produce high-density spin polarized hydrogen following photodissociation experiments. The photodissociation of HCl and Cl2 is taken as an example by Balint-Kurti et al to demonstrate how amplitudes and phases of the photofragmentation matrix elements are derived from experimental measurements. Directional dynamics in photodissociation processes and the derivation of molecular frame properties are discussed in detail by Van den Brom et al using laboratory oriented molecules. And the issue closes with a contribution by Chambreau et al on different reaction mechanisms in the photodissociation of formaldehyde into H2 and CO. Coming to the end of this editorial, we wish to thank all the authors who participated with their contributions in this issue. It shows what is possible nowadays in the field of molecular dynamics and where things are heading in the near future. We thank Physica Scripta for providing us with the platform for this Special Issue, and we wish you, dear reader, many new insights! Steven Solte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands Harold Linnartz, Leiden Observatory, The Netherlands

  7. Rising voices: how editorial writers looked at health care.

    PubMed

    1991-12-20

    With attention turning to the nation's domestic problems and the 1992 presidential election coming up, the last quarter of 1991 saw a marked increase in the number of editorials and opinion pieces devoted to health care topics. Many newspapers and magazines targeted the broader--and thornier--issue of national health care reform, but narrower and no less critical issues also received play, including Medicaid underpayment, emergency department overcrowding and HIV testing for health care workers.

  8. Information Sources as a Persuasive Strategy in Editorials: Le Monde and the New York Times

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le, Elizabeth

    2003-01-01

    The media, which includes editorials, have been shown to play an important role in the definition of priorities in public agenda. In the domain of international matters, the public relies heavily on the media, and editorials play an even greater role. This article examines how explicit mentions of external sources of information function in the…

  9. An Analysis of Eye Movement and Cognitive Load about the Editorial Design in Elementary Science Textbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Seong-un; Lim, Sung-man; Kim, Eun-ae; Yang, Il-ho

    2016-01-01

    This study is for the implication of editorial design in science textbooks which are designed for student-centered instruction, when the elements of the editorial design are different, we focus on how the students' eye movement and cognitive load change. For this, we produced a new book for 5th grade students in elementary school that is modified…

  10. Philosophic Thinking in Social Work: An Analysis of 30 Years of "Social Work" Editorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez-Brawley, Emilia E.; Zorita, Paz M-B

    2016-01-01

    This article looks at 30 years of editorial perspectives and trends in social work as a profession through the analysis of editorials from the journal "Social Work." It identifies the wax and wane of philosophic (intellectual or scholarly) questions in social work thinking in the past three decades. It defines what philosophic thinking…

  11. Editorial. Introduction: Global and Local Dimensions of Reforms in Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, John

    1999-01-01

    This editorial introduces a theme issue on teacher-education reforms in the age of globalization, focusing on globalization and the transference of educational ideas and the economic imperative and teacher-education reforms. The editorial describes case studies that provide accounts of teacher-education reforms in Africa, South America, the Far…

  12. 75 FR 49528 - Thomson Reuters Legal, Legal Editorial Operations Cleveland Office Including Workers Whose...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ... Employment and Training Administration Thomson Reuters Legal, Legal Editorial Operations Cleveland Office... Assistance on June 22, 2010, applicable to workers of Thomson Reuters Legal, Legal Editorial Operations... unemployment insurance (UI) tax account under the name West Publishing Corporation, a Thomson Reuters Business...

  13. 11 CFR 100.73 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. 100.73 Section 100.73 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION GENERAL SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Contributions § 100.73 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media...

  14. 11 CFR 100.132 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. 100.132 Section 100.132 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION GENERAL SCOPE AND... media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any...

  15. Newspaper Editorial Response to California's Post-Proposition 227 Test Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galindo, Rene

    2004-01-01

    The press media has taken an active role in the debates over bilingual education through editorial analysis and policy recommendations. The editorials' policy recommendations are influential because they are directed at the political elite as well as to the general public, both of which have a limited understanding of bilingual education.…

  16. An Analysis of the Editorial Content and Policy of Twenty Selected High School Newspapers in Pennsylvania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hince, Thaddeus Edmund

    Through interviews with student editors, a questionnaire survey, and an analysis of editorials in high school newspapers, this study attempted to (1) discover the relative importance of, or interest in, certain topics through quantification; (2) rank these topics in order of importance; (3) determine the editorial attitude toward each topic; and…

  17. Philosophic Thinking in Social Work: An Analysis of 30 Years of "Social Work" Editorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez-Brawley, Emilia E.; Zorita, Paz M-B

    2016-01-01

    This article looks at 30 years of editorial perspectives and trends in social work as a profession through the analysis of editorials from the journal "Social Work." It identifies the wax and wane of philosophic (intellectual or scholarly) questions in social work thinking in the past three decades. It defines what philosophic thinking…

  18. Arguing in L2: Discourse Structure and Textual Metadiscourse in Philippine Newspaper Editorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarrayo, Veronico N.; Duque, Marie Claire T.

    2011-01-01

    This study described the discourse structure and textual metadiscourse in newspaper editorials in the Philippines where English is used as a second language or L2. Specifically, it sought answers to the following questions: (1) What discourse features characterize the structure of the following parts of Philippine newspaper editorials--orientation…

  19. Agenda Diversity: A Comparison of American and Filipino Editorials on the 1986 Filipino Election and Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culbertson, Hugh M.

    Editorials in four prestigious American papers and two Filipino dailies addressing the 1986 election and revolution in the Philippines were compared for differences. Four hypotheses were tested: (1) that in treatment of the Philippines, editorials in the U.S. national prestige press would place more emphasis than do those in the Filipino…

  20. [North-South relations in scientific publications: editorial racism?].

    PubMed

    Victora, Cesar G; Moreira, Carmen B

    2006-08-01

    The aim of the present study was to comment on the possible existence of editorial prejudice among the editors of scientific journals from Northern countries against Southern authors. We highlight that a study using bibliometric methods documented an important imbalance in terms of the international scientific production of health researchers from high-income countries (the "North") and those from low and middle-income countries (the "South"). In a survey of Brazilian researchers, three in every four blamed this imbalance, at least in part, on prejudice among international editors. This is supported by the fact that a very small percentage of editorial board members of international journals come from the South. Although prejudice can explain part of the imbalance, there are also specific measures that may increase the likelihood of a paper from the South being accepted in international journals. These include the need to invest in the quality of the written text, and to show empathy with editors and readers, emphasizing the contribution of the manuscript to the international literature. Finally, we discuss whether research carried out in the South should be published in national or international journals, and suggest that there are at least six dimensions to this choice. These include language and target audience; type of contribution to knowledge; generalizability; citation index; speed of publication; and open access. The rapid growth in the number of Brazilian contributions to the international health literature shows that editorial prejudice, although often present, can be effectively offset by research with solid methodology and good-quality presentation.

  1. Conceptual Commitments of AGI Systems: Editorial, Commentaries, and Response

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2013-06-01

    Editorial: Conceptual Commitments of AGI Systems Haris Dindo / James Marshall / Giovanni Pezzulo 23 General Problems of Unified Theories of Cognition, and Another Conceptual Commitment of LIDA Benjamin Angerer / Stefan Schneider 26 LIDA, Committed to Consciousness Antonio Chella 28 The Radical Interactionism Conceptual Commitment Olivier L. Georgeon / David W. Aha 31 Commitments of the Soar Cognitive Architecture John E. Laird 36 Conceptual Commitments of AGI Projects Pei Wang 39 Will (dis)Embodied LIDA Agents be Socially Interactive? Travis J. Wiltshire / Emilio J. C. Lobato / Florian G. Jentsch / Stephen M. Fiore 42 Author's Response to Commentaries Steve Strain / Stan Franklin 48

  2. Announcements: New Editorial Board Members and Earlier Publication: ONLINE FIRST™!!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cohen, Karen C.

    2007-04-01

    The following announcement of an Associate Editor, new editorial board members and their prestigious credentials is only pre-empted by our new procedures for earlier publication. Now as papers are accepted and final version approved by the Journal of Science Education and Technology, they are available on-line, at the Journal's website where date of issue or publication (DOI) is the date they appear on-line. Later they are numbered and placed in print issues of the Journal. Other important information about reprints and hard copies appears at the end of the announcements.

  3. EDITORIAL: Editorial from the new Editor-in-Chief for 2014 Editorial from the new Editor-in-Chief for 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graham, W. G.

    2014-02-01

    I am honoured to take on the leadership of Plasma Sources Science and Technology (PSST) as the successor to Professor Mark J Kushner, with whom I have had the pleasure to work on the journal for many years. Under Mark's insightful and energetic leadership over the last six years, PSST has cemented its position as the journal of choice within its subject area and is now one of the most successful journals in the field. In this first issue of 2014, I would like to reflect on some of the events and achievements of 2013. At the start of the year the PSST Editorial Board, recognizing the vital importance of atomic, molecular and optical (AMO) data to low-temperature plasma physics, agreed that PSST would accept papers reporting such new data, generated through both experiment and theory. Jonathan Tennyson joined the Editorial Board to represent this area. In March Anne Bourdon joined the Associate Editor team and has since then played a key part in the journal's review process alongside our other Editors. During the autumn, PSST moved to a new editorial management system. In December Deborah O'Connell was awarded the 2013 Hershkowitz Early Career Award and Review and joins the Editorial Board as of 2014. I would also like to thank Miles Turner for his work in leading the drafting of a guide on the details necessary in the reporting of the results of computer simulations; the main conclusions of this report have been incorporated into the journal policy. Overall 2013 has been another successful year for PSST; paper submissions were up by 8% on the previous year and there was the highest ever number of downloads of PSST papers in one year. Another noteworthy feature of 2013 was the continuing improvement in publication times while maintaining our high standards for acceptance and providing expert feedback coupled with encouragement particularly to younger researchers and groups. Largely as a result of the hard work of our referees and Associate Editors, the average time

  4. [Trypanosoma cruzi in triatomines from Nuevo Leon, Mexico].

    PubMed

    Molina-Garza, Zinnia Judith; Rosales-Encina, José Luis; Galaviz-Silva, Lucio; Molina-Garza, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi in triatomines from Nuevo León using the standardization of an improved enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test. From July to September 2005, 52 triatomines were captured in General Terán, a municipality located in Nuevo León. They were analyzed using optical microscopy (OM) and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR), as standards of reference, to develop a technique for detecting the parasite using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Using OM and PCR, 31 triatomines were found to be positive and 21 negative. Using ELISA, 27 samples were identified as positive and 25 negative (specificity 100%, sensitivity 87%, negative predictive value 84%, and positive predictive value 100%). The prevalence of infected triatomines was 59.61% with OM and PCR, and 51.92% with ELISA. Our data confirm that the ELISA assay in triatomines is a fast, reliable and useful tool. Since it was possible to simultaneously analyze a large number of samples with high sensibility and specificity values, the ELISA test proves to be useful for new epidemiologic studies having a high number of vectors. It is also less expensive than PCR. It is therefore recommended for epidemiological and preventive surveillance programs as a first screening test before conducting a confirmatory test using PCR.

  5. Crossing Borders and Building Bridges: A Video Ethnography of Special Education in Nuevo Progresso, Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowdermilk, John; Pecina, Julie; Fielding, Cheryl; Beccera, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of a video ethnographic study of a special education school on the Texas/Mexico Border. The public school is located in Nuevo Progreso, which is a town in the Río Bravo Municipality in the state of Tamaulipas in Mexico. The town is located on the United States-Mexico border. The Progreso-Nuevo Progreso International…

  6. Crossing Borders and Building Bridges: A Video Ethnography of Special Education in Nuevo Progresso, Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowdermilk, John; Pecina, Julie; Fielding, Cheryl; Beccera, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of a video ethnographic study of a special education school on the Texas/Mexico Border. The public school is located in Nuevo Progreso, which is a town in the Río Bravo Municipality in the state of Tamaulipas in Mexico. The town is located on the United States-Mexico border. The Progreso-Nuevo Progreso International…

  7. EDITORIAL: Greetings from the new Editor-in-Chief

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhattacharya, P.

    2004-04-01

    On 1 January, 2004, I assumed the position of Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. I will start by saying that I will do my best to justify the confidence of the journal management and publishing staff in my abilities. I was fortunate to have been able to work, as an Editorial Board member, with my predecessor, the previous Editor-in-Chief, Professor Allister Ferguson. Allister has provided a high degree of intellectual stewardship for the journal in the last five years. He has made the job appear a worthy challenge for me. I therefore take this opportunity to thank Allister on behalf of the Editorial Board and publishing staff of the journal. Several other factors contributed to my decision to accept this position. The first is the group of people who actually go about the business of publishing. The Senior Publisher, Nicola Gulley (and her predecessor Sophy Le Masurier); the Managing Editor, Jill Membrey; the Publishing Administrators, Nina Blakesley and Sarah Towell; the Production Editor, Katie Gerrard and their office staff form an amazing group and have managed to make the operation of the journal incredibly efficient. An index of this is the speed with which incoming manuscripts are processed. The average time between the receipt of a manuscript and its web publication, if accepted, is 130 days. This is three to five times shorter than for most other journals. A factor that contributes to this success is a responsive pool of referees that the publishing staff have as a valuable resource. Ultimately, the standard bearers of any journal are the referees. Therefore, a grateful `thank you' is due from all of us at J. Phys. D to all our referees, who diligently perform this honourable task. The Associate Editors of the journal, Professors Lawler, Margaritondo and O'Grady, also provide immense scientific leadership. They help in defining new directions for the journal and in the publishing process. Last, but not least, a remarkable asset of

  8. A Longitudinal Social Network Analysis of the Editorial Boards of Medical Informatics and Bioinformatics Journals

    PubMed Central

    Malin, Bradley; Carley, Kathleen

    2007-01-01

    Objective The goal of this research is to learn how the editorial staffs of bioinformatics and medical informatics journals provide support for cross-community exposure. Models such as co-citation and co-author analysis measure the relationships between researchers; but they do not capture how environments that support knowledge transfer across communities are organized. Methods In this paper, we propose a social network analysis model to study how editorial boards integrate researchers from disparate communities. We evaluate our model by building relational networks based on the editorial boards of approximately 40 journals that serve as research outlets in medical informatics and bioinformatics. We track the evolution of editorial relationships through a longitudinal investigation over the years 2000 through 2005. Results Our findings suggest that there are research journals that support the collocation of editorial board members from the bioinformatics and medical informatics communities. Network centrality metrics indicate that editorial board members are located in the intersection of the communities and that the number of individuals in the intersection is growing with time. Conclusions Social network analysis methods provide insight into the relationships between the medical informatics and bioinformatics communities. The number of editorial board members facilitating the publication intersection of the communities has grown, but the intersection remains dependent on a small group of individuals and fragile. PMID:17329730

  9. Editorial independence at medical journals owned by professional associations: a survey of editors.

    PubMed

    Davis, Ronald M; Müllner, Marcus

    2002-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of editorial independence at a sample of medical journals and the relationship between the journals and their owners. We surveyed the editors of 33 medical journals owned by not-for-profit organizations ("associations"), including 10 journals represented on the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (nine of which are general medical journals) and a random sample of 23 specialist journals with high impact factors that are indexed by the Institute for Scientific Information. The main outcome measures were the authority to hire, fire, and oversee the work of the editor; the editor's tenure and financial compensation; control of the journal's budget; publication of material about the association; and the editor's perceptions about editorial independence and pressure over editorial content. Of the 33 editors, 23 (70%) reported having complete editorial freedom, and the remainder reported a high level of freedom (a score of > or = 8, where 10 equals complete editorial freedom and 1 equals no editorial freedom). Nevertheless, a substantial minority of editors reported having received at least some pressure in recent years over editorial content from the association's leadership (42%), senior staff (30%), or rank-and-file members (39%). The association's board of directors has the authority to hire (48%) or fire (55%) the editor for about half of the journals, and the editor reports to the board for 10 journals (30%). Twenty-three editors (70%) are appointed for a specific term (median term = 5 years). Three-fifths of the journals have no control over their profit, and the majority of journals use the association's legal counsel and/or media relations staff. Stronger safeguards are needed to give editors protection against pressure over editorial content, including written guarantees of editorial freedom and governance structures that support those guarantees. Strong safeguards are also needed because editors

  10. A blood pressure survey in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico.

    PubMed Central

    Caamano, A G; Cooper, R; Cedres, L; Barriero, L A; Dominquez, R C

    1982-01-01

    A blood pressure survey was carried out in 1976 in the city of Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, which involved 6,351 persons 30-69 years old. The study sample was recruited so as to represent an approximation of the overall distribution of occupational classes in the urban population. Members of the population sample were relatively young and of low educational attainment. To the extent that comparisons among surveys are feasible, mean blood pressure levels and hypertension rates were roughly comparable to those found in the white population of the United States. Although no firm conclusions can be drawn from the survey, a trend toward somewhat higher hypertension rates within the professional and managerial class was observed in some age groups in Laredo. PMID:7063591

  11. EDITORIAL: Greetings from the new Editor-in-Chief

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia, Ephrahim

    2008-02-01

    I am Professor Ephrahim Garcia, an Associate Professor at Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. I have been at Cornell University since 2002, spent four years as a Program Manager at the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency from 1998-2002, and before that seven years at the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. I have served on the Editorial Advisory Board of Smart Materials and Structures (SMS) for the last six years. It is a humbling thing to be asked to take up the post of Editor-in-Chief in a field with so many talented researchers. I would like to say a heartfelt thanks to the members of the Editorial Board and IOP Publishing for their confidence in me. Most importantly, I would like to thank Professor Vijay Varadan of the University of Arkansas and Professor Richard Claus of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University for their efforts in launching the journal 16 years ago. They have been stewards, promoters and, especially Vijay, key to the operation and function of SMS for all these years, and our research community is indebted to them. Professors Varadan and Claus have dedicated their careers to the area of smart materials and structures and we are very grateful for their leadership, mentoring and contribution. SMS is a thriving journal offering papers on all technical areas concerned with smart materials, systems and structures from the micro- and nanoscale to the macroscale. The journal is undergoing some major changes, including the recent transferal of papers to IOP Publishing's peer-review management system. With this new system authors can expect fast publication times of around 4 or 5 months from submission, and excellent author service. In this world of ever changing technology, the Editorial Board and I aim to reduce the time to publication for researchers in this exciting area of science and engineering. I am in the process of

  12. Guest editorial. Body sensor networks: from theory to emerging applications.

    PubMed

    Jovanov, Emil; Poon, Carmen C Y; Yang, Guang-Zhong; Zhang, Y T

    2009-11-01

    The use of sensor networks for healthcare, well-being, and working in extreme environments has long roots in the engineering sector in medicine and biology community. With the maturity of wireless sensor networks, body area networks (BANs), and wireless BANs (WBANs), recent efforts in promoting the concept of body sensor networks (BSNs) aim to move beyond sensor connectivity to adopt a system-level approach to address issues related to biosensor design, interfacing, and embodiment, as well as ultralow-power processing/communication, power scavenging, autonomic sensing, data mining, inferencing, and integrated wireless sensor microsystems. As a result, the system architecture based on WBAN and BSN is becoming a widely accepted method of organization for ambulatory and ubiquitous monitoring systems. This editorial paper presents a snapshot of the current research and emerging applications and addresses some of the challenges and implementation issues.

  13. Editorial: phys. stat. sol. (b) 243/1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stutzmann, Martin

    2006-01-01

    Dear Colleagues and Friends,on behalf of the Publishers, the Editorial Office, and the Editors of physica status solidi we wish you all the best for the coming year 2006! It is our sincere hope that your personal and professional experience with our journal has been a positive one and that you will continue to choose physica status solidi for the publication of your scientific findings in solid state physics also in the future.In doing so, you will be in increasingly good company! As a matter of fact, 2005 has been a year of exceptional growth in the number of manuscripts submitted to physica status solidi . Thus, the number of Original Papers which have reached our Editorial Office in Berlin has increased by as much as 30% compared to the long term average over the last ten years. For the Rapid Research Letter section, the corresponding increase has been even more impressive: more than +100% just in the last two years. We view this development as a confirmation of our longstanding efforts to ensure a timely publication service of high scientific quality. One relevant indicator for the high scientific standards expected from articles which are submitted for publication in physica status solidi is the average acceptance rate, which currently is less than 40%. This rate has continuously decreased from a value of about 60% ten years ago and bears witness to our efforts to strive for quality rather than quantity.Also, physica status solidi has been able to continue its long tradition as a truly international journal, despite of the strong competition in an established field such as solid state physics. In 2005, submitted papers have originated almost equally from the Americas, Europe, and Asia, with a clearly growing contribution from China, India, and Japan. We are actively working together with our international Editorial Boards and the Regional Editors to maintain a reasonable balance among papers from different parts of the world. The increasing international

  14. Editorial: phys. stat. sol. (c) 3/1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stutzmann, Martin

    2006-01-01

    Dear Colleagues and Friends,on behalf of the Publishers, the Editorial Office, and the Editors of physica status solidi we wish you all the best for the coming year 2006! It is our sincere hope that your personal and professional experience with our journal has been a positive one and that you will continue to choose physica status solidi for the publication of your scientific findings in solid state physics also in the future.In doing so, you will be in increasingly good company! As a matter of fact, 2005 has been a year of exceptional growth in the number of manuscripts submitted to physica status solidi . Thus, the number of Original Papers which have reached our Editorial Office in Berlin has increased by as much as 30% compared to the long term average over the last ten years. For the Rapid Research Letter section, the corresponding increase has been even more impressive: more than +100% just in the last two years. We view this development as a confirmation of our longstanding efforts to ensure a timely publication service of high scientific quality. One relevant indicator for the high scientific standards expected from articles which are submitted for publication in physica status solidi is the average acceptance rate, which currently is less than 40%. This rate has continuously decreased from a value of about 60% ten years ago and bears witness to our efforts to strive for quality rather than quantity.Also, physica status solidi has been able to continue its long tradition as a truly international journal, despite of the strong competition in an established field such as solid state physics. In 2005, submitted papers have originated almost equally from the Americas, Europe, and Asia, with a clearly growing contribution from China, India, and Japan. We are actively working together with our international Editorial Boards and the Regional Editors to maintain a reasonable balance among papers from different parts of the world. The increasing international

  15. Editorial: phys. stat. sol. (a) 203/1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stutzmann, Martin

    2006-01-01

    Dear Colleagues and Friends,on behalf of the Publishers, the Editorial Office, and the Editors of physica status solidi we wish you all the best for the coming year 2006! It is our sincere hope that your personal and professional experience with our journal has been a positive one and that you will continue to choose physica status solidi for the publication of your scientific findings in solid state physics also in the future.In doing so, you will be in increasingly good company! As a matter of fact, 2005 has been a year of exceptional growth in the number of manuscripts submitted to physica status solidi. Thus, the number of Original Papers which have reached our Editorial Office in Berlin has increased by as much as 30% compared to the long term average over the last ten years. For the Rapid Research Letter section, the corresponding increase has been even more impressive: more than +100% just in the last two years. We view this development as a confirmation of our longstanding efforts to ensure a timely publication service of high scientific quality. One relevant indicator for the high scientific standards expected from articles which are submitted for publication in physica status solidi is the average acceptance rate, which currently is less than 40%. This rate has continuously decreased from a value of about 60% ten years ago and bears witness to our efforts to strive for quality rather than quantity.Also, physica status solidi has been able to continue its long tradition as a truly international journal, despite of the strong competition in an established field such as solid state physics. In 2005, submitted papers have originated almost equally from the Americas, Europe, and Asia, with a clearly growing contribution from China, India, and Japan. We are actively working together with our international Editorial Boards and the Regional Editors to maintain a reasonable balance among papers from different parts of the world. The increasing international

  16. Data base development and research and editorial support

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    The Life Sciences Bibliographic Data Base was created in 1981 and subsequently expanded. A systematic, professional system was developed to collect, organize, and disseminate information about scientific publications resulting from research. The data base consists of bibliographic information and hard copies of all research papers published by Life Sciences-supported investigators. Technical improvements were instituted in the database. To minimize costs, take advantage of advances in personal computer technology, and achieve maximum flexibility and control, the data base was transferred from the JSC computer to personal computers at George Washington University (GWU). GWU also performed a range of related activities such as conducting in-depth searches on a variety of subjects, retrieving scientific literature, preparing presentations, summarizing research progress, answering correspondence requiring reference support, and providing writing and editorial support.

  17. Diabetes Dictating Policy: An Editorial Commemorating World Health Day 2016.

    PubMed

    Takian, Amirhossein; Kazempour-Ardebili, Sara

    2016-06-18

    The 21st century is an era of great challenge for humankind; we are combating terrorism, climate change, poverty, human rights issues and last but not least non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The burden of the latter has become so large that it is being recognized by world leaders globally as an area that it is in need of much greater attention. In light of this concern, the World Health Organization (WHO) dedicated this year's World Health Day (held on April 7, 2016) to raising international awareness on diabetes, the fastest growing NCD in the world. This editorial is an account of the macro politics in place for fighting diabetes, both internationally and nationally.

  18. Diabetes Dictating Policy: An Editorial Commemorating World Health Day 2016

    PubMed Central

    Takian, Amirhossein; Kazempour-Ardebili, Sara

    2016-01-01

    The 21st century is an era of great challenge for humankind; we are combating terrorism, climate change, poverty, human rights issues and last but not least non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The burden of the latter has become so large that it is being recognized by world leaders globally as an area that it is in need of much greater attention. In light of this concern, the World Health Organization (WHO) dedicated this year’s World Health Day (held on April 7, 2016) to raising international awareness on diabetes, the fastest growing NCD in the world. This editorial is an account of the macro politics in place for fighting diabetes, both internationally and nationally. PMID:27694647

  19. Editorial: Citation of the Serbian Astronomical Journal in the Period 2007-2009

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arbutina, B.

    2010-06-01

    This editorial provides results of research on the Serbian Astronomical Journal citation. We give full information on citation for the last three years, and the impact factors calculated for the period 2003-2009.

  20. Student Press Responds with Barrage of Stories Ranging from Tearjerkers to Editorials about the Gulf Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ricchiardi, Sherry

    1991-01-01

    Describes how the student press across the United States responded to the Gulf war with a barrage of stories ranging from tearjerkers about alumni who died to editorials condemning anti-Arab sentiment. (SR)

  1. EDITORIAL: Greetings from the new Editor-in-Chief

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Curtin, Bill

    2005-07-01

    Modelling and simulation is undergoing a huge expansion with the advent of powerful desktop computers and easily-available software for simulating a wide range of problems. The impact on Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering (MSMSE) is a rapidly increasing number of submissions in a widening arena of topics. Since MSMSE is a journal focusing on materials science and engineering, the Executive Editorial Board recognizes the need to clarify the scope of MSMSE for the benefit of potential authors and our readers, as discussed below. The current published scope of the journal includes `continuum-level modelling pertaining to materials, including continuum elasticity/plasticity, fracture mechanics, fluid flow, diffusion, heat transfer, phase transitions etc' and `macroscopic process models, e.g. welding, forming, casting, CVD'. The application of the finite-element model to the analysis of many macroscopic continuum problems in welding, forming, casting, and heat/fluid/material transport, is a huge advance for related technologies and industries. But the new and exciting science and engineering of such works is more limited. The Executive Editorial Board has thus decided to focus publications in the area of continuum-level modelling of materials processing to those that contain significant new and important materials-science issues, such as, but not limited to, the evolution of microstructure, the prediction of material performance after processing, the influence of material behaviour on processing, phase transformations and reactions, and the influence of coupled phenomena on material behaviour. Work that does not involve important materials science aspects will not be considered. We continue to encourage connections with experiments, but again pertaining to materials-science issues. With this subtle shift in scope, MSMSE will be in a position to focus on the core interests of its constituency. This change makes no judgments as to the importance

  2. Potential Conflicts of Interest of Editorial Board Members from Five Leading Spine Journals

    PubMed Central

    Janssen, Stein J.; Bredenoord, Annelien L.; Dhert, Wouter; de Kleuver, Marinus; Oner, F. Cumhur; Verlaan, Jorrit-Jan

    2015-01-01

    Conflicts of interest arising from ties between pharmaceutical industry and physicians are common and may bias research. The extent to which these ties exist among editorial board members of medical journals is not known. This study aims to determine the prevalence and financial magnitude of potential conflicts of interest among editorial board members of five leading spine journals. The editorial boards of: The Spine Journal; Spine; European Spine Journal; Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine; and Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques were extracted on January 2013 from the journals’ websites. Disclosure statements were retrieved from the 2013 disclosure index of the North American Spine Society; the program of the 20th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques; the program of the 48th Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society; the program of the AOSpine global spine congress; the presentations of the 2013 Annual Eurospine meeting; and the disclosure index of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Names of the editorial board members were compared with the individuals who completed a disclosure for one of these indexes. Disclosures were extracted when full names matched. Two hundred and ten (29%) of the 716 identified editorial board members reported a potential conflict of interest and 154 (22%) reported nothing to disclose. The remaining 352 (49%) editorial board members had no disclosure statement listed for one of the indexes. Eighty-nine (42%) of the 210 editorial board members with a potential conflict of interest reported a financial relationship of more than $10,000 during the prior year. This finding confirms that potential conflicts of interest exist in editorial boards which might influence the peer review process and can result in bias. Academia and medical journals in particular should be aware of this and strive to improve transparency of the review process. We emphasize recommendations that contribute to achieving this goal

  3. Las características más fascinantes del nuevo Robot

    NASA Image and Video Library

    impresionante es la palabra que describe perfectamente al nuevo robot Curiosity por su tamaño, sus instrumentos científicos y la manera en que la NASA planifica hacerlo aterrizar en Marte de forma ...

  4. [Metabolic syndrome prevalence in teenagers of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon].

    PubMed

    Cárdenas-Villareal, Velia Margarita; López Alvarenga, Juan C; Bastarrachea, Raúl A; Rizo-Baeza, María Mercedes; Cortés-Castell, Ernesto

    2010-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (SM) and its components in teenagers from the metropolitan area of Monterrey Nuevo Leon, Mexico (AMM). A transversal research involving 254 teenage students from 10 to 19 years old. To research investigated their personal characteristics, anthropometrics measures, glucose, triglycerides and cholesterol HDL. The SM definition was adapted from the one suggested by the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII). The SM prevalence was 9.4 % (IC95%: 5.8 to 13.0), there was not a difference between the sexes. The prevalence among each SM component was: 24.4% for high triglycerides, 20.1% for abdominal obesity, 19.0% for cholesterol of lipoproteins of a high density (HDL-c) low, 11.4 % for high glucose and for high blood pressure (9.1% diastolic and 5.9% systolic). The prevalent SM phenotypes were corporal mass (IMC) (OR = 4.93, IC95%: 2.26, 10.73) and the IMC interaction of the teenager with a family history of obesity (OR = 1.37, IC95%: 1.0, 1.87). It was observed that those with a family history of diabetes type 2 only experienced a marginal effect. The SM prevalence in teenagers from AMM is high it was an alarming situation if it continues into adulthood. The existence of obesity in relatives of the first and second grade, altogether with teenager IMC are important prediction factors of SM.

  5. Editorial: phys. stat. sol. (a) 201/5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stutzmann, Martin

    2004-04-01

    Physica status solidi was founded in 1961 by a number of eminent solid state physicists as an attempt to overcome the iron curtain, which then separated East and West, at least in the field of science. Since that time our world has changed quite a bit, and so have the boundary conditions of science publishing. However, one thing has not changed: then as now, the general policy and development of a respectable scientific journal should be determined by a board of independent scientists, who volunteer to assume responsibility for the scientific content of the journal, to assure a fair and critical peer review process for all submitted manuscripts, and, in cases of conflict, to finally decide which papers will be published and which will not.As a matter of fact, an international Board of Editors which consists of scientists coming from different countries and continents, with a good reputation in their respective community, and without any conflict of interest with the Publisher of the journal is, in my opinion, these days more important than ever. As our daily scientific work becomes increasingly specialized, but at the same time also increasingly interdisciplinary, we are more and more forced to trust the quality and reliability of published scientific results in the literature, without really having a chance to come to an independent opinion on our own. This is one of the reasons why the many recent cases of plagiarism, scientific misconduct, or outright fraud have caused such a high level of public awareness. It is quite clear that without a serious peer review there would be an even larger number of such cases in the literature, and that without the responsible action taken by concerned Journal Editors, many of the revealed cases probably would have remained under the carpet.It is, therefore, a particular pleasure for me to introduce to you on the following pages the current Editorial Board of physica status solidi (a) in the form of a brief curriculum vitae, a

  6. Editorial: phys. stat. sol. (b) 241/5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stutzmann, Martin

    2004-04-01

    Physica status solidi was founded in 1961 by a number of eminent solid state physicists as an attempt to overcome the iron curtain, which then separated East and West, at least in the field of science. Since that time our world has changed quite a bit, and so have the boundary conditions of science publishing. However, one thing has not changed: then as now, the general policy and development of a respectable scientific journal should be determined by a board of independent scientists, who volunteer to assume responsibility for the scientific content of the journal, to assure a fair and critical peer review process for all submitted manuscripts, and, in cases of conflict, to finally decide which papers will be published and which will not.As a matter of fact, an international Board of Editors which consists of scientists coming from different countries and continents, with a good reputation in their respective community, and without any conflict of interest with the Publisher of the journal is, in my opinion, these days more important than ever. As our daily scientific work becomes increasingly specialized, but at the same time also increasingly interdisciplinary, we are more and more forced to trust the quality and reliability of published scientific results in the literature, without really having a chance to come to an independent opinion on our own. This is one of the reasons why the many recent cases of plagiarism, scientific misconduct, or outright fraud have caused such a high level of public awareness. It is quite clear that without a serious peer review there would be an even larger number of such cases in the literature, and that without the responsible action taken by concerned Journal Editors, many of the revealed cases probably would have remained under the carpet.It is, therefore, a particular pleasure for me to introduce to you on the following pages the current Editorial Board of physica status solidi (b) in the form of a brief curriculum vitae, a

  7. EDITORIAL: Changes to the journal Changes to the journal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheludev, Nikolay I.

    2010-01-01

    It is a privilege to be Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Optics at this exciting time when the use of light spearheads the development of new technologies in telecommunications, green energy, manufacturing, medicine and defence, just to mention a few. These technological advances, seen by many as the next photonic technological revolution, are underpinned by fundamental and applied research in the following key directions: Nanophotonics and plasmonics Metamaterials and structured photonic materials Nonlinear and ultrafast optics Photonics at the life science interface Information and communication optics Integrated optics systems and devices Material processing with light Propagation, diffraction and scattering This is where Journal of Optics focuses its attention. This editorial marks the first issue of the journal published under the abbreviated name (shortened from Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics). The name change is just one of a series of changes introduced in the last year, along with the 8 subject sections listed above and the appointment of Section Editors. With the name change, we will also update the look of the journal by introducing colour cover images which will feature some of the most exciting research in the journal. We have retained many of the journal's original selling points: we are found in thousands of libraries around the world, and will continue our policy of free web access to all papers for 30 days after publication, ensuring broad and unrestricted dissemination of your research results. We will also continue our strong and well respected special issue and topical review programmes and we are always grateful to receive new suggestions for special issues or review articles. Along with the Editorial Board, I would like to thank the authors, referees and readers who have contributed to the success of Journal of Optics. The increasing quality and visibility of the journal, as demonstrated by the dramatic increase in its impact factor

  8. EDITORIAL: 'Key issues' articles in Reports on Progress in Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greene, Laura H.

    2007-03-01

    The Editorial Board of Reports on Progress in Physics has commissioned a series of short articles from world leaders on key physics issues in their field. These essays may raise the key issues, or ask open questions or may even suggest wild ideas. Basically, they give world leading physicists the opportunity to write what they think about the key issues in their field, free from the usual requirement to provide the fair and balanced presentations of the subject normally found in articles in Reports on Progress in Physics. We believe that the readers of the journal will be interested to learn about these exciting ideas. Just as Hilbert's famous paper of 1900 set the agenda for the next century or more in mathematics, so we hope that this series of papers will define the key issues and open questions in physics for the 21st Century and that the articles will be widely cited and downloaded. The first of these articles—'Insights from simulations of star formation' by Richard B Larson (Yale University, USA)—is published in the current issue. We trust that readers will find this article and its successors in the series to appear through 2007 and beyond entertaining and stimulating.

  9. Editorial policy and the assessment of quality among medical journals.

    PubMed Central

    Weller, A C

    1987-01-01

    Many factors are weighed in judging the quality of a journal. Editorial policies in the instructions to authors section offer an important, though often neglected, source of information. In addition to directions on formatting and style, this section often includes financial disclosures and policies on coverage, peer review, confidentiality, human experimentation and duplicate submissions. This study analyzes the contents of instructions sections from several categories of medical journals to determine their usefulness in making collection development decisions. Included are journals currently considered the most prestigious, indexed in Index Medicus and Abridged Index Medicus, and not indexed in Index Medicus or subscribed to by a typical large academic health sciences library. It was found that in a statistically significant number of journals, the instructions to authors section is more likely to be included and substantive in highly regarded journals than in less prestigious journals. It is concluded that the amount of information in the instructions section is related to the quality of the journal and that these sections are a useful collection development tool. PMID:3450342

  10. The Opinion Editorial: teaching physiology outside the box.

    PubMed

    Poronnik, Philip; Moni, Roger W

    2006-06-01

    Improving the public understanding of science is an important challenge for the future professional scientists who are our current undergraduates. In this paper, we present a conceptual model that explores the role of mass media as community gatekeepers of new scientific findings. This model frames the benefits for undergraduate science students to learn about media genres so that they can learn to communicate science more effectively to nonprofessional audiences. Informed by this Media Role model, we then detail a novel writing task for undergraduate physiology students, the Opinion Editorial (Op-Ed), and an accompanying Peer Review. The Op-Ed genre was directly taught to the students by a professional journalist. As an assessment task, students presented a recent, highly technical paper as an Op-Ed. This was assessed by both faculty members and peers using a detailed assessment rubric. Most students were able to replicate the features of Op-Eds and attained high grades on their writing tasks. Survey data from final-year physiology students (n = 230) were collected before and after the implementation of the Op-Ed/Peer Review. These indicated that most students were aware of the importance of scientists to effectively communicate their knowledge to nonprofessional audiences, that the Op-Ed writing task was challenging, and that they believed that their ability to write to nonprofessional audiences was improved after explicit teaching and feedback.

  11. EDITORIAL: Message from the Editor-in-Chief

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dendy, Richard

    2007-01-01

    From January 2007, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion (PPCF) is introducing a new category of paper: Brief Communications. Limited to four published pages, Brief Communications will enable the publication of significant new results for which a full-length article may not be necessary or appropriate. They should be of interest to the journal's specialist readership and meet the usual high scientific standard for Papers in the journal, but do not have to be of general interest. Standard review procedures, involving the use of two referees, will apply. Brief Communications will be free to read online. In a parallel development, the Letters category is being phased out. While some of us retain an attachment to this category (including myself, for example, partly because my first paper in this journal was a Letter published in 1984), its continued existence is becoming problematic. Importantly, the average time to publication of Letters in PPCF is no longer significantly faster than that of standard Papers. Technological advances have played a role in this. Additionally, some of the special criteria for publication as a Letter are sufficiently subjective that challenges on these credentials, as distinct from scientific content, sometimes create undue delay. I hope that the new category will meet a clear need and enhance the standing of the journal. The Editorial Board will review the working of the system as it develops, and we welcome comments and suggestions.

  12. Editorial: Robust Detection of Heart Beats in Multimodal Data

    PubMed Central

    Silva, Ikaro; Moody, Benjamin; Behar, Joachim; Johnson, Alistair; Oster, Julien; Clifford, Gari D.; Moody, George B.

    2015-01-01

    This editorial reviews the background issues, the design, the key achievements, and the follow-up research generated as a result of the PhysioNet/Computing in Cardiology (CinC) 2014 Challenge, published in the concurrent special issue of Physiological Measurement. Our major focus was to accelerate the development and facilitate the comparison of robust methods for locating heart beats in long-term multi-channel recordings. A public (training) database consisting of 151,032 annotated beats was compiled from records that contained ECGs as well as pulsatile signals that directly reflect cardiac activity, and other signals that may have few or no observable markers of heart beats. A separate hidden test data set (consisting of 152,478 beats) is permanently stored at PhysioNet, and a public framework has been developed to provide researchers the ability to continue to automatically score and compare the performance of their algorithms. A scoring criteria based on the averaging of gross sensitivity, gross positive predictivity, average sensitivity, and average positive predictivity is proposed. The top three scores (as of March 2015) on the hidden test data set were 93.64%, 91.50%, and 90.70%. PMID:26217894

  13. Women are underrepresented on the editorial boards of journals in environmental biology and natural resource management.

    PubMed

    Cho, Alyssa H; Johnson, Shelly A; Schuman, Carrie E; Adler, Jennifer M; Gonzalez, Oscar; Graves, Sarah J; Huebner, Jana R; Marchant, D Blaine; Rifai, Sami W; Skinner, Irina; Bruna, Emilio M

    2014-01-01

    Despite women earning similar numbers of graduate degrees as men in STEM disciplines, they are underrepresented in upper level positions in both academia and industry. Editorial board memberships are an important example of such positions; membership is both a professional honor in recognition of achievement and an opportunity for professional advancement. We surveyed 10 highly regarded journals in environmental biology, natural resource management, and plant sciences to quantify the number of women on their editorial boards and in positions of editorial leadership (i.e., Associate Editors and Editors-in-Chief) from 1985 to 2013. We found that during this time period only 16% of subject editors were women, with more pronounced disparities in positions of editorial leadership. Although the trend was towards improvement over time, there was surprising variation between journals, including those with similar disciplinary foci. While demographic changes in academia may reduce these disparities over time, we argue journals should proactively strive for gender parity on their editorial boards. This will both increase the number of women afforded the opportunities and benefits that accompany board membership and increase the number of role models and potential mentors for early-career scientists and students.

  14. "Vogue," 1892-1928: An Historical Look at the Evolution of One Magazine's Editorial-Advertising-Design Mix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prior, Marcia R.

    The careful integration of editorial content, graphic design, and advertising to create a successful magazine package is not a phenomenon of the last half of the twentieth century. As early as the 1890s, the first publishers of "Vogue" magazine had established an editorial-advertising-design mix in the fashion magazine that was…

  15. RETRACTION: Reply to Editorial Comment Regarding "X:Y Sperm Ratio in Boron Exposed Men," by Robbins et al. 2008.

    PubMed

    Robbins, Wendie A; Elashoff, David A; Xun, Lin; Jia, Juan

    2011-06-30

    The Editorial Response listed above, which did not appear in the print journal, was retracted by the Editors of the Journal of Andrology with the consent of the authors because the significant delay in processing the Editorial Response has rendered the information contained in it not currently relevant. The Editors extend their apologies to the authors and to the scientific community.

  16. Genre Variations and the Interpersonal Features: An SFL Study of the Indian and the British Editorials and News-Reports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Charanjit; Singh, Sukhdev

    2013-01-01

    In this article the authors present a discussion on the genre of editorial as distinct from that of news-reports in that its language is more loaded with attitudes and more indeterminate and hedged than that in the genre of news-report. Another distinctiveness the authors point out is that the genre of editorial is not only concerned with the…

  17. "Vogue," 1892-1928: An Historical Look at the Evolution of One Magazine's Editorial-Advertising-Design Mix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prior, Marcia R.

    The careful integration of editorial content, graphic design, and advertising to create a successful magazine package is not a phenomenon of the last half of the twentieth century. As early as the 1890s, the first publishers of "Vogue" magazine had established an editorial-advertising-design mix in the fashion magazine that was…

  18. "Ebony's" Civil Rights Focus: A Study of Editorial Policy before and after the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwater, Tony

    A comprehensive analysis of articles and editorials was performed on "Ebony" magazine editions published two years before and after the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The writings of the publisher were also studied, as were personal interviews with the editors of "Ebony." Editorial content was analyzed with respect to the major…

  19. Amphibians and Reptiles of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Lemos-Espinal, Julio A; Smith, Geoffrey R; Cruz, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    We compiled a check list of the herpetofauna of Nuevo León. We documented 132 species (23 amphibians, 109 reptiles), representing 30 families (11 amphibians, 19 reptiles) and 73 genera (17 amphibians, 56 reptiles). Only two species are endemic to Nuevo León. Nuevo León contains a relatively high richness of lizards in the genus Sceloporus. Overlap in the herpetofauna of Nuevo León and states it borders is fairly extensive. Of 130 native species, 102 are considered species of Least Concern in the IUCN red list, four are listed as Vulnerable, five are listed as Near Threatened, and four are listed as Endangered. According to SEMARNAT, 78 species are not of conservation concern, 25 are subject to Special Protection, 27 are Threatened, and none are listed as in Danger of Extinction. Given current threats to the herpetofauna, additional efforts to understand the ecology and status of populations in Nuevo León are needed.

  20. Amphibians and Reptiles of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico

    PubMed Central

    Lemos-Espinal, Julio A.; Smith, Geoffrey R.; Cruz, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Abstract We compiled a check list of the herpetofauna of Nuevo León. We documented 132 species (23 amphibians, 109 reptiles), representing 30 families (11 amphibians, 19 reptiles) and 73 genera (17 amphibians, 56 reptiles). Only two species are endemic to Nuevo León. Nuevo León contains a relatively high richness of lizards in the genus Sceloporus. Overlap in the herpetofauna of Nuevo León and states it borders is fairly extensive. Of 130 native species, 102 are considered species of Least Concern in the IUCN red list, four are listed as Vulnerable, five are listed as Near Threatened, and four are listed as Endangered. According to SEMARNAT, 78 species are not of conservation concern, 25 are subject to Special Protection, 27 are Threatened, and none are listed as in Danger of Extinction. Given current threats to the herpetofauna, additional efforts to understand the ecology and status of populations in Nuevo León are needed. PMID:27408562

  1. Future Directions in Computer Graphics and Visualization: From CG&A's Editorial Board

    SciTech Connect

    Encarnacao, L. M.; Chuang, Yung-Yu; Stork, Andre; Kasik, David; Rhyne, Theresa-Marie; Avila, Lisa; Kohlhammer, Jorn; LaViola, Joseph; Tory, Melanie; Dill, John; Domik, Gitta; Owen, G. Scott; Wong, Pak C.

    2015-01-01

    With many new members joining the CG&A editorial board over the past year, and with a renewed commitment to not only document the state of the art in computer graphics research and applications but to anticipate and where possible foster future areas of scientific discourse and industrial practice, we asked editorial and advisory council members about where they see their fields of expertise going. The answers compiled here aren’t meant to be all encompassing or deterministic when it comes to the opportunities computer graphics and interactive visualization hold for the future. Instead, we aim to accomplish two things: give a more in-depth introduction of members of the editorial board to the CG&A readership and encourage cross-disciplinary discourse toward approaching, complementing, or disputing the visions laid out in this compilation.

  2. A Multi-Year Study of Tobacco Control in Newspaper Editorials Using Community Characteristic Data and Content Analysis Findings.

    PubMed

    Stanfield, Kellie; Rodgers, Shelly

    2017-05-03

    We content analyzed 1,473 newspaper editorials for topic, tone, and slant, and connected the results to community characteristic data: clean indoor air ordinance status for cities, and official smoking rates for counties. The analysis occurred during a multi-year project aimed at prompting communities to adopt clean indoor air policies. The results showed that most editorials were about tobacco restrictions or ordinances, were neutral in tone, and provided factual information about tobacco control. More editorials were negatively slanted vs. positively slanted toward tobacco control. Most editorials with positive tones were published in newspapers in towns that already had clean indoor air policies. We concluded that editorials might hold increased weight in spurring change, as the percentage of smokers in a city is unrelated to the town enacting a clean indoor air ordinance.

  3. EDITORIAL: Is it a bird? Is it a plane...?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobson, Ken

    1997-11-01

    Honorary Editor Neither. But what exactly is Physics Education? What is its role? Such questions exercised the combined wit and wisdom of the Editorial Board at its recent meeting in October. Some facts. Among the core readership of the journal are teachers of physics in UK secondary schools, nearly all of whom teach A-level physics. Many of these who are not already Institute of Physics members benefit from a reduced subscription via membership of the Institute of Physics Schools and Colleges Affiliation Scheme or the Association for Science Education. But some readers worldwide subscribe at the full annual individual rate. In addition the journal is bought by over a thousand institutions (colleges, universities, schools) - and most of these are abroad, in North America especially. A typical issue shows a broad geographical spread of authors. Less than half of the papers submitted for publication come from the UK, the rest come from our foreign readership, with the USA in the lead. Each issue contains about eleven papers - currently we receive an average of ten articles a month, of which about 60% are ultimately published. This creditable figure hides the fact that 90% of UK submissions are accepted, whilst two thirds of 'foreign' articles are rejected by the referees. Linguistic fluency is significant here, of course. But some are rejected because they are seen as too limited in their appeal to our readers; often there is too much physics and not enough education. These decisions are made by the referees, who are all members of the Editorial Board. The main topic of discussion at the October Board meeting was whether the journal does satisfy the needs of its readership. It was generally agreed that the main question referees and editors should ask themselves is: Will this article/issue help to improve the teaching and learning of physics? We were worried that there is not enough in the journal that teachers can use in their everyday tasks of planning or

  4. Science communication in the field of fundamental biomedical research (editorial).

    PubMed

    Illingworth, Sam; Prokop, Andreas

    2017-10-01

    The aim of this special issue on science communication is to inspire and help scientists who are taking part or want to take part in science communication and engage with the wider public, clinicians, other scientists or policy makers. For this, some articles provide concise and accessible advice to individual scientists, science networks, or learned societies on how to communicate effectively; others share rationales, objectives and aims, experiences, implementation strategies and resources derived from existing long-term science communication initiatives. Although this issue is primarily addressing scientists working in the field of biomedical research, much of it similarly applies to scientists from other disciplines. Furthermore, we hope that this issue will also be used as a helpful resource by academic science communicators and social scientists, as a collection that highlights some of the major communication challenges that the biomedical sciences face, and which provides interesting case studies of initiatives that use a breadth of strategies to address these challenges. In this editorial, we first discuss why we should communicate our science and contemplate some of the different approaches, aspirations and definitions of science communication. We then address the specific challenges that researchers in the biomedical sciences are faced with when engaging with wider audiences. Finally, we explain the rationales and contents of the different articles in this issue and the various science communication initiatives and strategies discussed in each of them, whilst also providing some information on the wide range of further science communication activities in the biomedical sciences that could not all be covered here. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  5. EDITORIAL: Message from the Editor Message from the Editor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Paul

    2010-02-01

    This year Nuclear Fusion celebrates its fiftieth anniversary. This has been marked by the January special edition, containing papers presented at the plenary and celebratory evening session of the 22nd Fusion Energy Conference at Geneva. These papers underline the enormous progress that has been made in the last 50 years both in experiment and theory. Whilst the technical challenges that we face are still formidable, they are largely concerned with engineering a fusion reactor rather than fundamental plasma physics. In my editorial of a year ago, I remarked on the price of oil and the incentive that it gives to develop nuclear fusion into a viable energy source. This last year, attention has shifted somewhat from the markets to the environment and the Copenhagen climate summit in particular. The timescale for action on the environment is much shorter than we can possibly match and so we can only play our part towards developing long term solutions. Our responsibility is to present a programme that has the clear goal in developing a sustainable source of energy and, as the next step, make an unambiguous success of ITER. The Nuclear Fusion journal has continued to make an important contribution to the research programme and has maintained its position as the leading journal in the field. The journal depends entirely on its authors and referees and so I would like to thank them all for their work in 2009 and look forward to a continuing, successful collaboration in 2010. Refereeing The Nuclear Fusion Editorial Office understands how much effort is required of our referees. The Editorial Board decided that an expression of thanks to our most loyal referees is appropriate and so, since January 2005, we have been offering the top ten most active referees over the past year a personal subscription to Nuclear Fusion with electronic access for one year, free of charge. This year, seven of the top referees have reviewed four or more manuscripts in the period November 2008 to

  6. EDITORIAL: The 2nd International Symposium on Functional Materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, L.; Lai, M. O.

    2007-12-01

    Following the success of the 1st International Symposium on Functional Materials held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 5-8 December 2005, the second symposium was held in the beautiful city of Hangzhou, People's Republic of China, 16-19 May 2007. The latter symposium was a gathering of about 200 renowned researchers from 16 countries around the world. The conference consisted of 24 symposia, 5 keynote papers, 21 invited papers, 108 oral presentations and about 160 poster papers covering the frontier areas of materials science and technology of functional materials. They included topics such as energy storage materials, ferroelectric materials, ferromagnetic materials, ferroelectric thin films, applications of functional materials, nanofabrication, computational design, shape memory alloys, application of shape memory materials, ferroelectrics and thermoelectrics, advances in characterizations, magneto-optical materials, Zn and Ti oxides, synthesis of nanopowders and wires, and many other advanced functional materials. With the receipt of more than 396 abstracts, this conference was a gathering of great minds in one place to discuss the research frontiers and discoveries in functional materials. The Organizing Committee would like to express its sincere thanks to the members of the International Advisory Committee for their invaluable contributions to the symposium. The committee is also grateful for the generous support from the many sponsors. A word of sincere thanks needs to go to Professor Roger Wäppling, Editor-in-Chief and the editorial staff of IOP Publishing for the publication of selected papers in this special issue of Physica Scripta. Finally, our deepest gratitude should be directed to the National University of Singapore, Zhejiang University and the General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, People's Republic of China for, without their support, the conference would not have been a success.

  7. EDITORIAL: Bio-dielectrics: theories, mechanisms and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pethig, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    This special cluster in Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics comprises papers submitted by participants at the 2006 conference of the Institute of Physics Dielectrics Group, held at the University of Leicester during 10-12 April 2006. The conference focused on the interaction of non-ionizing electromagnetic (EM) fields with biological materials at all scales (tissues down to molecules) and at all frequencies. The use of dielectric techniques and theories in biological studies and in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries is increasing, and we hope that this conference helped to facilitate this trend and to further an understanding of the value of dielectric studies in biology—both in science and in applications in industry and medicine. An important policy of the Dielectrics Group is to promote the multidisciplinary nature of dielectric studies, and so we welcomed and received papers and posters from biologists, chemists, engineers, industrialists, medical professionals and physicists in the biotechnology and health care fields. The programme comprised 32 oral presentations, including the keynote opening address `Bio-dielectrics and bio-impedance' by Dr Ø G Martinson of the University of Oslo, and 7 papers given by invited speakers. 27 high-quality posters were also exhibited. The Mansel Davies Award, for the best presentation by a young researcher under the age of 30, was bestowed on Mr Sun Tao from the University of Southampton. His work, describing time domain analysis applied to dielectric spectroscopy of single cells, forms the subject matter of the first paper in this cluster. The remaining papers are presented in order of the session themes, namely Dielectric Spectroscopy and Techniques, Theory and Modelling, and Electrokinetics. On behalf of the Dielectrics Group, I thank the authors for their contributions, and the Institute of Physics for excellent administrative and editorial assistance.

  8. EDITORIAL: The 18th European Workshop on Micromechanics (MME 07)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Correia, J. H.

    2008-06-01

    This special issue of Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering is devoted to the 18th European Workshop on Micromechanics (MME 07), which took place at the University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal from 16-18 September 2007. Since the first workshop at the University of Twente in 1989 the field of micromechanics has grown substantially and new fields have been added: optics, RF, biomedical, chemistry, and in recent years the emergence of nanotechnology. This year an extensive programme was scheduled with contributions from new materials research to new manufacturing techniques. In addition, the invited speakers presented a review of the state-of-the-art in several main trends in current research, with the focus on micro/nanosystems in the ICT Work Programme in EC FP7. As ever, the two day workshop was attended by delegates from all over Europe, the USA, Brazil, Egypt, Japan and Canada. A total of 96 papers were accepted for presentation and there were a further five keynote presentations. The workshop provides a forum for young researchers to learn about new experimental methods and to enhance their knowledge of the field. This special issue presents a selection of 17 of the best papers from the workshop. The papers highlight fluidic and optical devices, energy scavenging microsystems, neural probe arrays and microtechnology fabrication techniques. All the papers went through the regular reviewing procedure of IOP Publishing, and I am grateful to all the referees for their excellent work. I would also like to extend my thanks to Professor Robert Puers for advice on the final selection of papers and to Ian Forbes of IOP Publishing for managing the entire process. My thanks also go to the editorial staff of Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. I believe that this special issue will provide a good overview of the topics presented at the workshop and I hope you enjoy reading it.

  9. EDITORIAL: Message from the Editor Message from the Editor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Paul

    2011-01-01

    As usual, being an even year, the 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference took place at Daejeon, Korea. The event was notable not just for the quality of the presentations but also for the spectacular opening ceremony, in the presence of the Prime Minister, Kim Hwang-sik. The Prime Minister affirmed the importance of research into fusion energy research and pledged support for ITER. Such political visibility is good news, of course, but it brings with it the obligation to perform. Fortunately, good performance was much in evidence in the papers presented at the conference, of which a significant proportion contain 'ITER' in the title. Given this importance of ITER and the undertaking by the Nuclear Fusion journal to publish papers associated with Fusion Energy Conference presentations, the Nuclear Fusion Editorial Board has decided to adopt a simplified journal scope that encompasses technology papers more naturally. The scope is available from http://iopscience.iop.org/0029-5515/page/Journal%20information but is reproduced here for clarity: Nuclear Fusion publishes articles making significant advances to the field of controlled thermonuclear fusion. The journal scope includes: the production, heating and confinement of high temperature plasmas; the physical properties of such plasmas; the experimental or theoretical methods of exploring or explaining them; fusion reactor physics; reactor concepts; fusion technologies. The key to scope acceptability is now '....significant advances....' rather than any particular area of controlled thermonuclear fusion research. It is hoped that this will make scope decisions easier for the Nuclear Fusion office, the referees and the Editor.The Nuclear Fusion journal has continued to make an important contribution to the research programme and has maintained its position as the leading journal in the field. This is underlined by the fact that Nuclear Fusion has received an impact factor of 4.270, as listed in ISI's 2009 Science Citation

  10. EDITORIAL: The Nuclear Fusion Award The Nuclear Fusion Award

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kikuchi, M.

    2011-01-01

    The Nuclear Fusion Award ceremony for 2009 and 2010 award winners was held during the 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference in Daejeon. This time, both 2009 and 2010 award winners were celebrated by the IAEA and the participants of the 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference. The Nuclear Fusion Award is a paper prize to acknowledge the best distinguished paper among the published papers in a particular volume of the Nuclear Fusion journal. Among the top-cited and highly-recommended papers chosen by the Editorial Board, excluding overview and review papers, and by analyzing self-citation and non-self-citation with an emphasis on non-self-citation, the Editorial Board confidentially selects ten distinguished papers as nominees for the Nuclear Fusion Award. Certificates are given to the leading authors of the Nuclear Fusion Award nominees. The final winner is selected among the ten nominees by the Nuclear Fusion Editorial Board voting confidentially. 2009 Nuclear Fusion Award nominees For the 2009 award, the papers published in the 2006 volume were assessed and the following papers were nominated, most of which are magnetic confinement experiments, theory and modeling, while one addresses inertial confinement. Sabbagh S.A. et al 2006 Resistive wall stabilized operation in rotating high beta NSTX plasmas Nucl. Fusion 46 635-44 La Haye R.J. et al 2006 Cross-machine benchmarking for ITER of neoclassical tearing mode stabilization by electron cyclotron current drive Nucl. Fusion 46 451-61 Honrubia J.J. et al 2006 Three-dimensional fast electron transport for ignition-scale inertial fusion capsules Nucl. Fusion 46 L25-8 Ido T. et al 2006 Observation of the interaction between the geodesic acoustic mode and ambient fluctuation in the JFT-2M tokamak Nucl. Fusion 46 512-20 Plyusnin V.V. et al 2006 Study of runaway electron generation during major disruptions in JET Nucl. Fusion 46 277-84 Pitts R.A. et al 2006 Far SOL ELM ion energies in JET Nucl. Fusion 46 82-98 Berk H.L. et al 2006

  11. Erratum to: Editorial: Do Orthopaedic Surgeons Belong on the Sidelines at American Football Games?

    PubMed

    Leopold, Seth S; Dobbs, Matthew B; Gebhardt, Mark C; Gioe, Terence J; Rimnac, Clare M; Wongworawat, Montri D

    2017-09-18

    In the November Editorial, "Editorial: Do Orthopaedic Surgeons Belong on the Sidelines at American Football Games?" a statistic was attributed to a JAMA study (Ref. 10) that should have been attributed to an article from the New York Times (Ref. 16). The sentence in question should read: "We accept that critique, provided that the skeptics acknowledge that the best-case estimate in support of the safety of football would result in a CTE prevalence estimate of 9%, since only another 1200 ex-NFL players have died [16] since this research group [10] began studying football players' brains."

  12. Editorial Comments, 1974-1986: The Case For and Against the Use of Computer-Assisted Decision Making

    PubMed Central

    Weaver, Robert R.

    1987-01-01

    Journal editorials are an important medium for communicating information about medical innovations. Evaluative statements contained in editorials pertain to the innovation's technical merits, as well as its probable economic, social and political, and ethical consequences. This information will either promote or impede the subsequent diffusion of innovations. This paper analyzes the evaluative information contained in thirty editorials that pertain to the topic of computer-assisted decision making (CDM). Most editorials agree that CDM technology is effective and economical in performing routine clinical tasks; controversy surrounds the use of more sophisticated CDM systems for complex problem solving. A few editorials argue that the innovation should play an integral role in transforming the established health care system. Most, however, maintain that it can or should be accommodated within the existing health care framework. Finally, while few editorials discuss the ethical ramifications of CDM technology, those that do suggest that it will contribute to more humane health care. The editorial analysis suggests that CDM technology aimed at routine clinical task will experience rapid diffusion. In contrast, the diffusion of more sophisticated CDM systems will, in the foreseeable future, likely be sporadic at best.

  13. EDITORIAL: Thank you and farewell from the Founding Editor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baskes, Mike

    2005-07-01

    I have been involved with Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering (MSMSE) from the very beginning when it was merely an idea, over 14 years ago, to the current journal that is well supported by the community. During my time as Editor there have been many changes in the journal, including the introduction of electronic submissions, web-based services and free printed colour where it is essential to the article, as well as completely free colour online. The journal has seen excellent growth in the number and quality of submissions and the number of articles published continues to rise, enabling us to expand the journal to eight issues in 2005. Web accesses and downloads have greatly surpassed even my wildest dreams. In my opinion, the emergence of MSMSE as a top materials modelling journal has confirmed the vision of Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP) and the Executive Board that this area of science and engineering was ripe for a specialized journal. I feel that, having seen the journal through the early years and watched it grow into a successful arena for multidisciplinary materials research, it is now an appropriate time for me to hand over the reins. The journal has a great foundation for future growth and development and is supported by an excellent Editorial Board, who have given me a great deal of help and advice over the years. I feel sure that they will continue to support the journal when Bill Curtin, Brown University, takes over on 1 July 2005. Bill has the diverse experience in modelling at the atomic, dislocation, and continuum levels to lead the journal to new heights. Finally I would like to thank all of the readers, authors and referees who have greatly contributed to MSMSE over the years. Thank you for your support and help, and I hope you will continue to support the journal. Last, but not least, I would like to thank the staff at IOPP. Without their expert assistance, the journal could not have been as successful as it is

  14. EDITORIAL: Celebrating one year of Environmental Research Letters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    2008-03-01

    The one-year anniversary is a critical milestone for a new journal. At that point there are enough articles published to begin to define the scope and readership, yet generally not enough of a track-record for the full community to regard the new entrant as a fixture and a source of 'must read' material. Environmental Research Letters (ERL) has set itself a particularly large and interesting challenge: to help connect the vast community of environmental researchers, practitioners, activists, and interested informed observers. ERL and its partner online resource base and community website, environmentalresearchweb, fills a major void: a single locus for rapid publication of peer-reviewed and highly interdisciplinary material spanning literally every aspect of environmental research and thought. The wide range of material that falls squarely into the purview of ERL—from restoration ecology to global change science and politics, to toxicology and environmental justice, to environmental and social impacts of energy conversion—illustrate just how diverse a 'community' we hope to serve. Thanks to an exceptional editorial staff and board, and a diverse range of fascinating contributed papers, ERL is off to a particularly fast start. ERL has both a small advisory board and a larger editorial board. The board serves several functions, beginning with the traditional one of taking the lead on reviews of papers in such a dizzying array of areas. This task alone is a challenge because of the commitment ERL has made to exceptionally rapid publication: a goal of 90 days from submission to online publication for accepted papers. This goal, which we have generally met, includes the publication of complementary (but not always complimentary) 500 1000 word commentaries on a number of papers. To accomplish this alone the editorial board, and the reviewers, have been heroic, and deserve a huge round of applause. IOP Publishing too, has been truly wonderful in making this happen

  15. Editorial: Assessment Issues and Long-Term Effects of Childhood Abuse and Neglect.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, David P. H.

    1997-01-01

    This editorial reviews and comments on three recent studies: two on assessment issues or areas of diagnostic difficulty for pediatricians concerned with child abuse and neglect, and one on the long-term effects of childhood abuse and experiences of early attachment. (DB)

  16. Editorial: Social Support and Coping Strategies as Mediators of the Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, David P. H.

    1997-01-01

    This editorial discusses two studies in this journal issue that explore mediating functions of coping strategies and social support in long-term outcomes of child abuse and neglect. It is argued that these studies provide empirical evidence of interest to social workers and mental health practitioners by identifying specific factors and strategies…

  17. Editorial Page Editors and Endorsements: Chain-owned vs. Independent Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. Dizier, Byron

    Questionnaires were sent to 114 of the 228 editorial page editors at newspapers in the United States with daily circulations greater than 50,000 for a study that compared (1) the editor-publisher relationship existing at chains to that found at independent papers, and (2) the 1984 presidential endorsements made by chains to those by independent…

  18. EDITORIAL: World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering (WC2003)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allen, Barry J.

    2004-08-01

    The World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering was held in Sydney on 24--29 August 2003. This special issue contains a selection of papers that serve as a snapshot of the state of the art in medical physics today, as represented in WC2003. The PDF file contains the full text of this editorial.

  19. A Case Study of Editorial Filters in Folktales: A Discussion of the "Allerleirauh" Tales in Grimm.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dollerup, Cay; And Others

    1986-01-01

    This article discusses editorial "filters" in folktales, specifically the changes ("orientations") which editors deliberately impose on a tale because they want to reach a specific audience. A case in point is the tale called "Allerleirauh," in the Grimm collection, which not only is highly illustrative of editorial…

  20. Why Science? Members of PSR Editorial Board Explain What Drew Them to Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Primary Science Review, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Members of "Primary Science Review" Editorial Board explain what drew them to science. Alan Peacock, "PSR" Editor, emphasises the need to preserve children's sense of wonderment about the world. Robert Collins, a science educator in the Faculty of Education, University of Strathclyde, thinks people are "secret science…

  1. A Comparison of Career Attitudes of News-Editorial and Ad-PR Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Ron F.

    1987-01-01

    Assesses the attitudes that news-editorial students have toward careers in public relations and advertising and the attitudes that public relations-advertising students have toward news careers. Finds that news-ed students saw careers in public relations as being less useful to society and having less prestige in the community than their careers.…

  2. The Effect of Changing American Social Values on the Editorial Content, Style and Management of Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downes, Donna Roman

    An examination of the "Los Angeles Times," the "Long Beach Independent Press-Telegram," the "Register," and the "Herald Examiner" as well as personal interviews conducted at the editorial and management levels reveal the effect of changing American social values. Changing values can be marked by such broad…

  3. When Counter Narratives Meet Master Narratives in the Journal Editorial-Review Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley, Christine A.

    2007-01-01

    The author shares her experiences with the editorial-review process while publishing a qualitative research study on the teaching experiences of African American faculty members at two predominantly White research universities. She likens the experiences of African American faculty members to counter narratives, troubles master narratives in the…

  4. The Use (and Misuse) of Statistical Significance Testing: Some Recommendations for Improved Editorial Policy and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Bruce

    This paper evaluates the logic underlying various criticisms of statistical significance testing and makes specific recommendations for scientific and editorial practice that might better increase the knowledge base. Reliance on the traditional hypothesis testing model has led to a major bias against nonsignificant results and to misinterpretation…

  5. The Reliability and Validity of Test Scores: Are Editorial Policy Changes Reflected in Journal Articles?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witta, E. Lea; Daniel, Larry G.

    In 1994, the journal "Educational and Psychological Measurement" (EPM) instituted an editorial policy requiring authors to use technically appropriate language and methodological practices in their discussions of validity and reliability. To determine if this policy has had any effect on current publications, 150 validity and reliability…

  6. Editorial note to: Brandon Carter, Large number coincidences and the anthropic principle in cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ellis, George F. R.

    2011-11-01

    This is an editorial note to accompany reprinting as a Golden Oldie in the Journal of General Relativity and Gravitation of the famous paper by Brandon Carter on the anthropic principle in cosmology \\cite{Car74}. This paper was presented at IAU Symposium No. 63, entitled Confrontation of cosmological theories with observational data, in 1973.

  7. Registration of all rehabilitation clinical trials: an ethical and editorial imperative.

    PubMed

    Wade, Derick

    2016-03-01

    Registration of randomized controlled trials is essential to reduce the risk of biased data being used when judging the effectiveness of an intervention. This journal will in future require that all randomized trials submitted are registered on a recognized register. This editorial explains why. © The Author(s) 2015.

  8. Editorial Page Editors and Endorsements: Chain-owned vs. Independent Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. Dizier, Byron

    Questionnaires were sent to 114 of the 228 editorial page editors at newspapers in the United States with daily circulations greater than 50,000 for a study that compared (1) the editor-publisher relationship existing at chains to that found at independent papers, and (2) the 1984 presidential endorsements made by chains to those by independent…

  9. Why Science? Members of PSR Editorial Board Explain What Drew Them to Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Primary Science Review, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Members of "Primary Science Review" Editorial Board explain what drew them to science. Alan Peacock, "PSR" Editor, emphasises the need to preserve children's sense of wonderment about the world. Robert Collins, a science educator in the Faculty of Education, University of Strathclyde, thinks people are "secret science…

  10. Intelligence: A Factor in the Understanding and Appreciation of Editorial Satire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruner, Charles R.

    A study involving 59 undergraduate speech communication students investigated relationships between intelligence, understanding of editorial satire, and appreciation of satire. The students were asked to read three satirical essays and then to pick one of five statements that best described the thesis as intended by the author. Then each satire…

  11. Effect of Editorial Endorsements on Public Perception of Leanings in Coverage of a Presidential Election Campaign.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culbertson, Hugh M.; And Others

    A study was conducted to explore the influence of newspaper editorial campaign endorsements. The study examined the Louisville (Kentucky) "Courier-Journal," which tends to endorse Democratic candidates, and the Chicago "Tribune," which tends to endorse Republican candidates. It was hypothesized that readers would show higher…

  12. News and Editorial Content and Readership of the Daily Newspaper. New Research Bulletin No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Newspaper Publishers Association, Washington, DC.

    This booklet presents the results of a national survey sponsored by the American Newspaper Publishers Association News Research Center concerning the news and editorial content and readership of the daily newspaper. Since one of the goals of the study was a reliable estimate of the frequency of newspaper reading, interviewing was conducted in two…

  13. Under-representation of women in the editorial boards of medical and dental journals of Pakistan.

    PubMed

    Bakht, Nausheen; Arshad, Samiullah; Nafees Zaidi, Syed Shahid

    2017-05-01

    To explore the representation of females in the field of medical journal editing in Pakistan. This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 3 to 15, 2015 at Combined Military Hospital, Lahore. After exploring the website of Pakistan Medical and Dental Council, we surveyed the website of each journal and from their latest available edition discerned the editorial board's gender composition. Designations of female members were noted. Data was analysed using SPSS 20. A total of 2342 members served on the editorial boards of 79 journals of which 410(17.51%) were females. The maximum strength of women in a single journal was 23/30(76.6%). There were no women in the editorial boards of 11 (13.92%) journals. Among others, there were 188 (45.9%) Members of Editorial Board, 39 (9.5%) Editors, 39 (9.5%) Associate Editors, 34 (8.3 %) Members Advisory Board, 22 (5.4%) Subject Editors, 10 (2.4%) Editors-in-chief, 8 (2.0%) Student Editors, 7 (1.7%) Statisticians, 3 (0.7%) Bibliographers, 2 (0.5%) Deputy Editors-in-chief, 1 (0.2%) Trainee Editor and 1(0.2%) epidemiologist. There was a low representation of women in the field of journal editing. A number of factors may be incriminated for this poor visibility.

  14. Review time in peer review: quantitative analysis and modelling of editorial workflows.

    PubMed

    Mrowinski, Maciej J; Fronczak, Agata; Fronczak, Piotr; Nedic, Olgica; Ausloos, Marcel

    In this paper, we undertake a data-driven theoretical investigation of editorial workflows. We analyse a dataset containing information about 58 papers submitted to the Biochemistry and Biotechnology section of the Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society. We separate the peer review process into stages that each paper has to go through and introduce the notion of completion rate - the probability that an invitation sent to a potential reviewer will result in a finished review. Using empirical transition probabilities and probability distributions of the duration of each stage we create a directed weighted network, the analysis of which allows us to obtain the theoretical probability distributions of review time for different classes of reviewers. These theoretical distributions underlie our numerical simulations of different editorial strategies. Through these simulations, we test the impact of some modifications of the editorial policy on the efficiency of the whole review process. We discover that the distribution of review time is similar for all classes of reviewers, and that the completion rate of reviewers known personally by the editor is very high, which means that they are much more likely to answer the invitation and finish the review than other reviewers. Thus, the completion rate is the key factor that determines the efficiency of each editorial policy. Our results may be of great importance for editors and act as a guide in determining the optimal number of reviewers.

  15. Thoughts concerning the BMJ editorial "Kitemarking the west wind" and the WHO dot-health proposal

    PubMed Central

    Eysenbach, Gunther

    2000-01-01

    Tony Delamothe has recently written a BMJ editorial [1], which was partly inspired by the MedCERTAIN workshop in Heidelberg. As the initiator and co-ordinator of an EU project, which could be misunderstood as a "kitemarking" project, I feel obliged to clarify what we want to achieve and how and why our approach differs from what is being described by Tony.

  16. The Speech-Press Debate, the Law of Libel, and Protection for the Editorial Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stonecipher, Harry W.

    Questions concerning the relative protection afforded by the speech and press clauses of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, the law of libel, and protection for the editorial process are the focus of this paper. The first section summarizes arguments for First Amendment press protection, focusing on the question of whether…

  17. EDITORIAL: Message from the Editor Message from the Editor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Paul

    2012-01-01

    At the time of writing, the construction of ITER is making, quite literally, visible progress; buildings have gone up, the tokamak pit has been equipped with the seismic pads and pylons have been put in place for the high tension input to the power supplies. Most of the main procurement arrangements have been let and we will see an increasing volume of deliveries to the ITER site over the coming years. In addition, the National Ignition Facility has started full operation and will undoubtedly see important results coming from it in 2012. These projects are important reminders of what a monumental endeavour we are all engaged in and the potential of nuclear fusion to improve the long-term condition of the human race. We can be proud, therefore, that the Nuclear Fusion journal makes such an important contribution to controlled fusion programmes and is maintaining its position as the leading journal in the field. More than 350 articles are submitted each year from over 40 countries. Nuclear Fusion continues to be the most highly cited journal in the field, with an impact factor of 3.303, as listed in the ISI 2010 Science Citation Index. The journal depends on its authors and referees for its success and so I would like to thank them all for their hard work in 2011, which should maintain the level of readership and the citation indices for years to come. I sincerely hope that 2012 will be as good. Refereeing The Nuclear Fusion editorial office understands how much effort is required of our referees. The Editorial Board decided that an expression of thanks to our most loyal referees is appropriate and so, since January 2005, we have been offering the top ten most active referees over the past year a personal subscription to Nuclear Fusion with electronic access for one year, free of charge. This year, three of the top referees have reviewed five manuscripts in the period November 2010 to November 2011 and provided excellent advice to the authors. We have excluded our

  18. EDITORIAL: Northern Hemisphere high latitude climate and environmental change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Groisman, Pavel; Soja, Amber

    2007-10-01

    funded projects (always with international participation) in the United States, Russian Federation, China, European Union, Japan, and Canada have been mutually united to explore the scientifically significant Northern Eurasian region. NEESPI scientists have been quite productive during the past two years (2005 2006) publishing more than 200 books, book chapters, and papers in refereed journals. NEESPI sessions at international conferences are open to everyone who works on environmental and climate change problems in Northern Eurasia and the circumpolar boreal zone. This thematic issue brings together articles from the authors who presented their latest results at the Annual Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting in San Francisco (December 2006). The research letters in this issue are preceded by two editorial papers (Leptoukh et al and Sherstyukov et al) devoted to informational support of research in the NEESPI domain that is critical to the success of the Initiative. The following papers are quite diverse and are assembled into five groups devoted to studies of climate and hydrology, land cover and land use, the biogeochemical cycle and its feedbacks, the cryosphere, and human dimensions in the NEESPI domain and the circumpolar boreal zone. Focus on Northern Hemisphere High Latitude Climate and Environmental Change Contents The articles below represent the first accepted contributions and further additions will appear in the near future. Editorials NASA NEESPI Data and Services Center for Satellite Remote Sensing Information Gregory Leptoukh, Ivan Csiszar, Peter Romanov, Suhung Shen, Tatiana Loboda and Irina Gerasimov NEESPI Science and Data Support Center for Hydrometeorological Information in Obninsk, Russia B G Sherstyukov, V N Razuvaev, O N Bulygina and P Ya Groisman Climate and hydrology Changes in the fabric of the Arctic's greenhouse blanket Jennifer A Francis and Elias Hunter Spatial variations of summer precipitation trends in South Korea, 1973 2005 Heejun

  19. Data Sharing: A New Editorial Initiative of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Implications for the Editors’ Network

    PubMed Central

    Alfonso, Fernando; Adamyan, Karlen; Artigou, Jean-Yves; Aschermann, Michael; Boehm, Michael; Buendia, Alfonso; Chu, Pao-Hsien; Cohen, Ariel; Dei Cas, Livio; Dilic, Mirza; Doubell, Anton; Echeverri, Dario; Enç, Nuray; Ferreira-González, Ignacio; J. Filipiak, Krzysztof; Flammer, Andreas; Fleck, Eckart; Gatzov, Plamen; Ginghina, Carmen; Goncalves, Lino; Haouala, Habib; Hassanein, Mahmoud; Heusch, Gerd; Huber, Kurt; Hulín, Ivan; Ivanusa, Mario; Krittayaphong, Rungroj; Lau, Chu-Pak; Marinskis, Germanas; Mach, François; Moreira, Luiz Felipe; Nieminen, Tuomo; Oukerraj, Latifa; Perings, Stefan; Pierard, Luc; Potpara, Tatjana; Reyes-Caorsi, Walter; Rim, Se-Joong; Rødevand, Olaf; Saade, Georges; Sander, Mikael; Shlyakhto, Evgeny; Timuralp, Bilgin; Tousoulis, Dimitris; Ural, Dilek; Piek, J. J.; Varga, Albert; Lüscher, Thomas F.

    2017-01-01

    The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) provides recommendations to improve the editorial standards and scientific quality of biomedical journals. These recommendations range from uniform technical requirements to more complex and elusive editorial issues including ethical aspects of the scientific process. Recently, registration of clinical trials, conflicts of interest disclosure, and new criteria for authorship- emphasizing the importance of responsibility and accountability-, have been proposed. Last year, a new editorial initiative to foster sharing of clinical trial data was launched. This review discusses this novel initiative with the aim of increasing awareness among readers, investigators, authors and editors belonging to the Editors’ Network of the European Society of Cardiology. PMID:28630534

  20. Association of h-index of Editorial Board Members and Impact Factor among Radiology Journals.

    PubMed

    Asnafi, Solmaz; Gunderson, Tina; McDonald, Robert J; Kallmes, David F

    2017-02-01

    h-Index has been proposed as a useful bibliometric measure for quantifying research productivity. In this current study, we analyzed h-indices of editorial board members of Radiology journals and tested the hypothesis that editorial board members of Radiology journals with higher impact factors (IF) have higher h-indices. Sixty-two Radiology journals with IF >1 were included. Editorial board members were identified using the journals' websites. Editors' affiliations and research fields of interest were used to distinguish investigators with similar names. Bibliometric indices including number of publications, total citations, citations per publication, and h-index for each editorial board member were obtained using the Web of Science database. Chi-square or Wilcoxon rank-sum tests were used to test for differences in bibliographic measures or demographics between groups. Among the editorial boards of 62 journals, the median [interquartile range] board h-index was 26 [18, 31] and had 36 [17, 56] members. The median journal IF was 2.27 [1.74, 3.31]. We identified a total of 2204 distinct editors; they had a median [interquartile range] h-index of 23 [13, 35], 120 [58, 215] total publications, 1938 [682, 4634] total citations, and an average of 15.7 [9.96, 24.8] citations per publication. The boards of journals with IF above the median had significantly higher h-indices (P = .002), total publications (P = .01), and total and average citations (both any [P = .003, .009] and nonself-citations [P = .001, .002]) than journals below the median. Our data indicate that board members of Radiology journals with higher IF have greater h-indices compared to lower IF journals. Copyright © 2017 The Association of University Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. James Monroe High School Proyecto Nuevos Horizontes, 1986-1987. OEA Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Ana L.; And Others

    In its second year of Title VII funding, James Monroe High Schools's Proyecto Nuevos Horizontes (Project New Horizons) served 344 limited-English-speaking recent arrivals from Latin America and the Caribbean, in grades 9 through 12. The program has built on the strengths of the high school's extensive computer-assisted instruction (CAI) program,…

  2. James Monroe High School Proyecto Nuevos Horizontes, 1985-1986. OEA Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn. Office of Educational Assessment.

    Proyecto Nuevos Horizontes, a 3-year Title VII-funded bilingual education program, serves 287 Spanish speaking students at James Monroe High School (Bronx, New York). This report evaluates the project's first year of operation, 1985-86. The report contains an introduction describing the school and project goals; information on student…

  3. Nuevos Horizontes, James Monroe High School, 1987-1988. Evaluation Section Report. OREA Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berney, Tomi D.; Lista, Carlos

    Proyecto Nuevos Horizontes (Project New Horizons) at James Monroe High School (New York City) served 328 students of limited English proficiency (LEP) in grades 9-12 during the final year of a 3-year funding cycle. The project's purpose was to build on the strengths of the school's extensive computer-assisted instructional program in order to…

  4. Comprehensive Education Bolivarian-Style: The Alternative School in Barrio Pueblo Nuevo, Venezuela

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Mike

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author traces revolutionary developments in an alternative school in Barrio Pueblo Nuevo, Mérida, in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, a school that caters for students between 4 and 14. He begins by recounting some fieldwork done at the school on his behalf by Edward Ellis in 2010. He goes on to discuss a video made at…

  5. Comprehensive Education Bolivarian-Style: The Alternative School in Barrio Pueblo Nuevo, Venezuela

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Mike

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author traces revolutionary developments in an alternative school in Barrio Pueblo Nuevo, Mérida, in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, a school that caters for students between 4 and 14. He begins by recounting some fieldwork done at the school on his behalf by Edward Ellis in 2010. He goes on to discuss a video made at…

  6. Exploración del Nuevo Laboratorio Científico de Marte

    NASA Image and Video Library

    Únase a Fernando Abilleira, un analista de trayectoria de la NASA para la Oficina de Exploración de Marte, y conozca las nuevas tecnologías que el nuevo robot Curiosity del Laboratorio Científico d...

  7. Un Dia Nuevo for Schools. 2000 & Beyond: The Changing Face of American Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehr, Mary Ann

    2000-01-01

    This issue, the third in a series on the demographic forces shaping public education in the United States, examines the effect of the influx of Hispanic American and Indian immigrants. The first section, "Una Dia Nuevo for Schools," discusses how schools must adjust as Hispanic immigrants fan out to areas beyond those where they have…

  8. EDITORIAL: 15th European Workshop on Micromechanics (MME)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Puers, Bob

    2005-07-01

    so, without doubt, such a selection was not an easy task to perform. A careful choice was made by the Programme Committee of the MME Workshop at first, followed by the regular reviewing procedure at the heart of IOP Publishing. I am proud to be able to present to you this collection of 23 papers. We decided also to include papers dealing with non-lithography based manufacturing techniques in this special issue, in an attempt to widen the scope. With this special issue we hope to give you a good overview of the topics dealt with in this workshop. It goes without saying that all the above was not possible without the individual contributions of all the authors. I owe them much gratitude. Gathered here are contributions of an excellent scientific quality, reflecting a clear up-to-date image of what is going on in Europe in this field. I also wish to extend my thanks to the editorial staff of Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. Collaboration with them turns work into pleasure. I wish you a pleasant reading.

  9. EDITORIAL: Imaging Systems and Techniques Imaging Systems and Techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giakos, George; Yang, Wuqiang; Petrou, M.; Nikita, K. S.; Pastorino, M.; Amanatiadis, A.; Zentai, G.

    2011-10-01

    wide spectrum of technological areas, such as medical imaging, pharmaceutical industry, analytical instrumentation, aerospace, remote sensing, lidars and ladars, surveillance, national defense, corrosion imaging and monitoring, sub-terrestrial and marine imaging. The complexity of the involved imaging scenarios, and demanding design parameters such as speed, signal-to-noise ratio, high specificity, high contrast and spatial resolution, high-scatter rejection, complex background and harsh environment, necessitate the development of a multifunctional, scalable and efficient imaging suite of sensors, solutions driven by innovation, operating on diverse detection and imaging principles. Finally, pattern recognition and image processing algorithms can significantly contribute to enhanced detection and imaging, including object classification, clustering, feature selection, texture analysis, segmentation, image compression and color representation under complex imaging scenarios, with applications in medical imaging, remote sensing, aerospace, radars, defense and homeland security. We feel confident that the exciting new contributions of this special feature on Imaging Systems and Techniques will appeal to the technical community. We would like to thank all authors as well as all anonymous reviewers and the MST Editorial Board, Publisher and staff for their tremendous efforts and invaluable support to enhance the quality of this significant endeavor.

  10. Effect of channelization of Rio Puerto Nuevo on ground-water levels in the San Juan metropolitan area, Puerto Rico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Padilla, Ingrid

    1991-01-01

    Channelization and concrete lining of the Rio Puerto Nuevo and its tributaries in the San Juan Metropolitan area has been proposed to control flooding in low lying areas adjacent to the stream. Concern about the effect of these channel modifications on the ground-water system prompted the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to conduct an investigation of surface-water and ground-water interactions in the Rio Puerto Nuevo basin in 1988. A principal objective of this investigation was to determine the potential effect of channelization of the Rio Puerto Nuevo on ground-water levels.

  11. Un nuevo estudio del cúmulo abierto Tr 14 en la región de Carina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    García, B.; Malaroda, S.; Levato, H.; Morrell, N.

    Presentamos nuevos datos espectroscópicos de 9 objetos entre los miembros más brillantes de Tr 14. Hemos medido un total de 80 nuevos espectrogramas para contribuir a la determinación de la real naturaleza de estos objetos desde el punto de vista de la duplicidad. Del nuevo material debemos concluir que la mayoría de las estrellas en la muestra son simples. Sin embargo existen algunos objetos cuyo seguimiento debe continuar ya que no nos es posible efectuar conclusiones definitivas con el presente material.

  12. EDITORIAL: Modelling and simulation in polymer and composites processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro, Josè M.

    2004-05-01

    compromises. The exergy approach used by Srinivasagupta and Kardos to evaluate the ecological impact has shown great potential for measuring the effect of processes in the environment. The process they discuss is an environmentally friendly alternative to the standard pultrusion process. The sixth paper, by Chensong Dong and collaborators, focuses on modelling and optimizing dimensional variation in composites, and offers a good complement to Advani's papers. Papers seven by Lilly et al, and eight by Lyytikainen et al, focus on thermoplastic moulding. The last paper, by Chen et al, discusses the modelling of a technology that has the potential to be the environmentally friendly alternative to painting. I would like to thank Dr Mauricio Cabrera Rios, who obtained his PhD under my supervision and is now a professor at the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Mexico, for his help in coordinating the paper reviews. Also, the willingness of the authors to go through several review iterations where needed is greatly appreciated. Finally I would like to thank Ms Judith Adams (editor), without whose help this issue would not have been possible. She was instrumental in securing some papers and in obtaining the proper evaluations of others.

  13. Does small equal predatory? Analysis of publication charges and transparency of editorial policies in Croatian open access journals

    PubMed Central

    Stojanovski, Jadranka; Marušić, Ana

    2017-01-01

    Introduction We approach the problem of "predatory" journals and publishers from the perspective of small scientific communities and small journals that may sometimes be perceived as "predatory". Among other characteristics of "predatory" journals two most relevant are their business model and the quality of the editorial work. Materials and methods We analysed 444 Croatian open access (OA) journals in the Hrčak (portal of Croatian scientific journals) digital journal repository for the presence of article processing charges as a business model and the transparency of editorial policies. Results The majority of journals do not charge authors or require submission or article processing charges, which clearly distinguishes them from “predatory” journals. Almost all Hrčak OA journals have publicly available information on editorial boards, including full names and affiliations, and detailed contact information for the editorial office at the Hrčak website. The journal names are unique and cannot be easily confused with another journal or intend to mislead about the journal’s origin. While most journals provide information on peer review process, many do not provide guidelines for reviewers or other editorial and publication ethics standards. Conclusion In order to clearly differentiate themselves from predatory journals, it is not enough for journals from small research communities to operate on non-commercial bases, but also to have transparent editorial policies. PMID:28694721

  14. Does small equal predatory? Analysis of publication charges and transparency of editorial policies in Croatian open access journals.

    PubMed

    Stojanovski, Jadranka; Marušić, Ana

    2017-06-15

    We approach the problem of "predatory" journals and publishers from the perspective of small scientific communities and small journals that may sometimes be perceived as "predatory". Among other characteristics of "predatory" journals two most relevant are their business model and the quality of the editorial work. We analysed 444 Croatian open access (OA) journals in the Hrčak (portal of Croatian scientific journals) digital journal repository for the presence of article processing charges as a business model and the transparency of editorial policies. The majority of journals do not charge authors or require submission or article processing charges, which clearly distinguishes them from "predatory" journals. Almost all Hrčak OA journals have publicly available information on editorial boards, including full names and affiliations, and detailed contact information for the editorial office at the Hrčak website. The journal names are unique and cannot be easily confused with another journal or intend to mislead about the journal's origin. While most journals provide information on peer review process, many do not provide guidelines for reviewers or other editorial and publication ethics standards. In order to clearly differentiate themselves from predatory journals, it is not enough for journals from small research communities to operate on non-commercial bases, but also to have transparent editorial policies.

  15. A journal for our challenging, changing times: an editorial vision for the next five years of the Journal of Clinical Psychology.

    PubMed

    Elliott, Timothy R

    2011-09-01

    The Journal of Clinical Psychology now features articles accepted by the new editorial team that will direct the journal over the next 5 years. Timothy R. Elliott serves as editor-in-chief and James Overholser is the senior associate editor. Associate editors are Linda Castillo, Kathleen Chwalisz, Stephanie Felgoise, and Bruce Rybarczyk. This editorial presents the editorial vision for the journal over the next 5 years, and presents changes in journal content.

  16. Editorial - A Matter of Continuity, of People, of Ethics, of Vision

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heck, Andre

    2012-08-01

    This editorial presents the book as a continuation, with more emphasis on people, of the earlier prize-winning series "Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy (OSA)", the seven volumes of which described how astronomy research lives: how it is planned, funded and organized, how it interacts with other disciplines and the rest of the world, how it communicates, etc. All those books are a unique medium for scientists and non-scientists (sometimes from outside astronomy) to describe their experience, often for the first time at such a level, on non-purely scientific matters, many of them of fundamental importance for the efficient conduct astronomy-related activities. The editorial tackles also issues regarding ethics and management of people, stressing the need for managers with ad hoc training and a long-term vision of the role of astronomers towards the society at large.

  17. Images of cloning and stem cell research in editorial cartoons in the United States.

    PubMed

    Giarelli, Ellen

    2006-01-01

    Through semiotic analysis of manifest and latent meanings in editorial cartoons, the author uncovers how cloning and stem cell research are represented in a popular mass medium. She identified 86 editorial cartoons published in the United States between 2001 and 2004 that referred to cloning and 20 that referred to stem cell research. Cartoonists portrayed people individually 224 times and 4 times in groups of more than 10. Men were portrayed in 64% of cartoons. Stem cell research was depicted as having a potential positive value, and cloning was depicted negatively. Some major messages are that cloning will lead to the mass production of evil, cloning creates monsters, and politics will influence who or what will be cloned. Analyzing popular images can allow access to public understanding about genetic technology and evaluation of public beliefs, preconceptions, and expectations as the public is educated on the use and value of services.

  18. EDITORIAL: Why we need a new journal in neural engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durand, Dominique M.

    2004-03-01

    laboratory but also in the publication of scientific papers. We do, therefore, need a new journal that provides a platform for this emerging interdisciplinary field of neural engineering where neuroscientists, neurobiologists and engineers can publish their work in one periodical that spans the disciplines. Journal of Neural Engineering will provide this platform. The new journal will publish full-length articles of the highest quality and importance in the field of neural engineering at the molecular, cellular and systems levels. The scope of Journal of Neural Engineering encompasses experimental, computational and theoretical aspects of neural interfacing, neuroelectronics, neuromechanical systems, neuroinformatics, neuroimaging, neural prostheses, artificial and biological neural circuits, neural control, neural tissue regeneration, neural signal processing, neural modeling and neuro-computation. The scope of the journal has both depth and breadth in areas relevant to the interface between neuroscience and engineering. There will be two Editors-in-Chief, with expertise covering both engineering and neuroscience. Experts in the areas encompassed by the journal's scope have been identified for the Editorial Board and the composition of the board will be continually updated to address the developments in this new and exciting field. The first issue of this new journal covers a variety of topics that combine neuroscience and engineering: mental state recognition from EEG signals, analysis of body motion in Parkinson's patients, non-linear dynamics of the respiratory system, automatic identification of saccade-related visual evoked potentials, multiple electrode stimulators, algorithms to estimate the causal relationship between brain sources, diffusion tensor imaging in the brain and phase synchronization of neural activity in vitro. This broad array of manuscripts focusing on neural imaging, neurophysiology, neural signal processing, neuroelectronics and neuro-dynamics can

  19. Editorial: New Publishing Information for The Astrophysical Journal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vishniac, Ethan; Sneden, Christopher

    2008-10-01

    reader requests rather than in bulk. As part of this transformation, Letters will be posted as they become ready, rather than waiting for an entire issue to ready. This allows us to shorten the lag between acceptance and publication. Both of these changes are meant to point the way for the main journal, which will adopt these measures in the near future if they prove successful and if the different nature of the main journal does not pose a problem for these changes. This has ramifications for ApJ Letters in regard to the ways that submitted content is measured. Criteria for Letters will continue to be scientific immediacy and brevity. However, with the emphasis on electronic ApJ Letters delivery, the traditional 4.00 printed page limit has become obsolete. We will instead impose a content-counting system that is intended to follow the spirit of the 4 page limit, while being more transparent to authors. A similar system will be implemented for page charges in the main journal if we move to a print-on-demand publishing model there as well. In the midst of such rapid evolution we must rely heavily on our readers and authors to let us know which changes are welcome and where problems have arisen. We hope that everyone feels free to write to us with their concerns. SPECIFIC ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS The new length limits for ApJ Letters manuscripts will be as follows; these criteria will apply to all submissions beginning 2008 October 15. Manuscript SectionMaximum Abstract length250 words Manuscript length3500 words References50 Figures and tables5 total Machine-readable tables1 These length metrics have been designed to try to mimic as closely as possible the spirit of the 4 page limit. The specific new limits have been set up with AASTeX-using authors in mind (thus covering about 95% of ApJ Letters submissions). Editorial judgment will be exercised in individual cases that do not easily match the criteria given here. Additionally, the

  20. Editorial: Focus on X-ray Beams with High Coherence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robinson, Ian; Gruebel, Gerhard; Mochrie, Simon

    2010-03-01

    This editorial serves as the preface to a special issue of New Journal of Physics, which collects together solicited papers on a common subject, x-ray beams with high coherence. We summarize the issue's content, and explain why there is so much current interest both in the sources themselves and in the applications to the study of the structure of matter and its fluctuations (both spontaneous and driven). As this collection demonstrates, the field brings together accelerator physics in the design of new sources, particle physics in the design of detectors, and chemical and materials scientists who make use of the coherent beams produced. Focus on X-ray Beams with High Coherence Contents Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view B Pfau, C M Günther, S Schaffert, R Mitzner, B Siemer, S Roling, H Zacharias, O Kutz, I Rudolph, R Treusch and S Eisebitt The FERMI@Elettra free-electron-laser source for coherent x-ray physics: photon properties, beam transport system and applications E Allaria, C Callegari, D Cocco, W M Fawley, M Kiskinova, C Masciovecchio and F Parmigiani Beyond simple exponential correlation functions and equilibrium dynamics in x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy Anders Madsen, Robert L Leheny, Hongyu Guo, Michael Sprung and Orsolya Czakkel The Coherent X-ray Imaging (CXI) instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) Sébastien Boutet and Garth J Williams Dynamics and rheology under continuous shear flow studied by x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy Andrei Fluerasu, Pawel Kwasniewski, Chiara Caronna, Fanny Destremaut, Jean-Baptiste Salmon and Anders Madsen Exploration of crystal strains using coherent x-ray diffraction Wonsuk Cha, Sanghoon Song, Nak Cheon Jeong, Ross Harder, Kyung Byung Yoon, Ian K Robinson and Hyunjung Kim Coherence properties of the European XFEL G Geloni, E Saldin, L Samoylova, E Schneidmiller, H Sinn, Th Tschentscher and M Yurkov Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging: treatment and analysis of data G J

  1. Potential Financial Conflict of Interest Among Physician Editorial Board Members of Orthopaedic Surgery Journals.

    PubMed

    Mehlman, Charles T; Okike, Kanu; Bhandari, Mohit; Kocher, Mininder S

    2017-03-01

    The practice of medicine is based on evidence from peer-reviewed literature. As can occur with author-related funding, the integrity of the process by which manuscripts are reviewed, edited, and approved for publication may be at risk due to financial conflict of interest. The purpose of our study was to assess potential financial conflict of interest among physician editorial board members of orthopaedic surgery journals. We identified the physician editorial board members of 15 orthopaedic surgery journals and searched the 2014 payments that were archived in the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Open Payments system (mandated by the Physician Payments Sunshine Act). Total dollar values were calculated and tabulated in a multilevel fashion: nothing reported, >$0 and ≤$10,000, >$10,000, >$250,000, and >$950,000. We identified 908 physician editors of 15 orthopaedic surgery journals. Something of financial value was received by 78% (712 of 908) of these individuals. Rates of editorial board potential financial conflict of interest for individual journals ranged from 4% to 73% in the >$10,000 category. At the >$250,000 mark, rates ranged from 0% (2 journals) to 31%. When applying the >$950,000 criterion, physician potential conflict of interest ranged from 0% (5 journals) to 13%. Editor-related potential financial conflicts of interest exist in the orthopaedic surgery journals that we analyzed. These potential financial conflicts could possibly impact reviews.

  2. The orthopedic gender gap: trends in authorship and editorial board representation over the past 4 decades.

    PubMed

    Okike, Kanu; Liu, Bella; Lin, Yijie Brittany; Torpey, Jennifer L; Kocher, Mininder S; Mehlman, Charles T; Bhandari, Mohit; Biermann, J Sybil

    2012-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to quantify the representation of women among the authors and editorial board members of prominent general orthopedics journals and to determine how these proportions have changed over time. Gender was determined for the authors of all original research studies, case reports, and review articles published in 2 prominent general orthopedics journals in 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2007. Gender was also determined for each individual serving on the editorial boards of these journals during these years. Between 1970 and 2007, the representation of women increased from 0.8% to 6.5% among first authors (P<.001), from 0.0% to 4.3% among last authors (P = .015), and from 1.6% to 5.4% among editorial board members (P = .16). However, the rates of increase observed in orthopedics were lower than those observed in other fields (P<.05). Between 1970 and 2007, female representation increased significantly among physicians publishing in 2 prominent general orthopedics journals, but these rates of increase were lower than those observed in other fields of medicine.

  3. [Duration of the editorial process of the Atención Primaria journal].

    PubMed

    Jiménez Villa, J

    1999-05-01

    To quantify how long the different steps in the process of editing the manuscripts received by the journal Atención Primaria took. Retrospective, descriptive study. The journal Atención Primaria. Manuscripts submitted for publication in the sections Original articles, Short articles and Letters to the Editor between January 1 and June 30 1997 (6 months). Retrospectively, information was collected on the dates of receipt, of sending out to referees, receipt of their views and comments, sending back to the authors, receipt of their modified text or reply, of final decision on acceptance or rejection, and of publication if accepted. Of the 132 original and short articles received, 22 (16.7%) were awaiting a final decision. Of the remaining 110, 53 (48.2%) had been rejected and 57 (51.8%) accepted. The length of each step in the editorial process was less than 30 days for half the manuscripts. The time elapsed from receipt to editorial decision was less than 45 days in half the cases and 60 days on average. The time from acceptance to publication was 137 days on average. How long each step in the editorial process took can be considered acceptable, although the wide variability in the times taken by authors to modify their manuscripts is striking. Mechanisms must be sought to avoid the excessive delay in the publication of research, by increasing the speed of the referees' reviews and of authors' modifications.

  4. Results from the organ and tissue transplant program in Nuevo Leon, Mexico, 1996 to 2001.

    PubMed

    Carbajal, H; Cabriales, H

    2003-12-01

    Before 1996, solid organs from cadaveric donors (CD) did not account for more than 2% of all transplants. The need for more transplants led the state to undergo several legislative, societal, organizational, and infrastructure changes. A descriptive analysis of the evolution of the transplant program in the State of Nuevo León, Mexico, from 1996 to 2001. Trimester reports have been routinely performed since 1996 from the 14 institutions that are licensed to perform organ and tissue transplants in the State of Nuevo León, Mexico. All reports were concentrated and a descriptive analysis is presented herein. From 1996 until 2001, a total of 1457 organ and tissue (OT) transplants have been performed. At the end of this period, there was a 214% increase in the total number of transplants. By 2001, 73% of the program's total of 1457 OT transplants came from cadaveric donors. The state transplant program of Nuevo León has experienced a dramatic growth since 1996. The percent of organs transplanted from cadaveric donors is one of the highest in Mexico. There is still much work to be done at the state and national levels; better epidemiological studies and dialysis registries are needed as well as investment in transplant research.

  5. EDITORIAL: The need and challenge for Environmental Research Letters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    2006-11-01

    will make it a truly unique resource for scholars in developed and developing nations, as well as for environmental non-governmental groups, public servants, businesses and industry groups, and anyone who would not normally find their way, or have the financial means, to access an academic journal. Our goal to remain open-access will require that ERL secure a commitment of financial support—ideally from a foundation, individual, or a national or international research agency—so that the journal can publish in this fashion without the support of significant article publication charges. In this area we call on you to consider supporting, or to direct our editorial staff to groups who want to support, this venture. Exceptionally fast publication. As it gears up for regular publication, ERL is committed to a 90 day turn-around from article submission through to online publication for accepted Letters. Outstandingly high article visibility. ERL's open-access publishing model will guarantee its authors high article visibility, capturing a wide audience that includes both specialists and the wider community. The journal will serve its broad readership by publishing Perspectives that put disciplinary papers in a wider context, and explore the intellectual and policy impacts of broader, cross-disciplinary papers. A significant fraction of the research articles published in ERL will appear with 500 1000 word commentary pieces—solicited from not only leading scholars, but also leading political, business, legal, and community leaders—that extend and expand the dialog of the papers. Several articles published in the inaugural issue of the journal will be accompanied by such Perspectives. ERL will also link academic to professional development. In addition to primary research, the journal and its forthcoming accompanying community website will include: Special issues, focusing on fast-changing environmental issues. For 2007, we already have issues planned on 'Environmental

  6. Editorial: The publication of geoscientific model developments v1.1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Executive Editors, GMD

    2015-10-01

    Version 1.0 of the editorial of the EGU (European Geosciences Union) journal, Geoscientific Model Development (GMD), was published in 2013. In that editorial an assessment was made of the progress the journal had made since it started, and some revisions to the editorial policy were introduced. After 2 years of experience with this revised editorial policy there are a few required updates, refinements and clarifications, so here we present version 1.1 of the editorial. The most significant amendments relate to the peer-review criteria as presented in the Framework for GMD manuscript types, which is published as an appendix to this paper and also available on the GMD manuscript types webpage. We also slightly refine and update the Publication guide and introduce a self-contained code and data policy. The changes are summarised as follows: - All manuscript types are now required to include code or data availability paragraphs, and model code must always be made available (in the case of copyright or other legal issues, to the editor at a minimum). - The role of evaluation in GMD papers is clarified, and a separate evaluation paper type is introduced. Model descriptions must already be published or in peer review when separate evaluation papers are submitted. - Observationally derived data should normally be published in a data journal rather than in GMD. Syntheses of data which were specifically designed for tasks such as model boundary conditions or direct evaluation of model output may, however, be published in GMD. - GMD publishes a broad range of different kinds of models, and this fact is now more explicitly acknowledged. - The main changes to the Publication guide are the addition of guidelines for editors when assessing papers at the initial review stage. Before sending papers for peer review, editors are required to make sure that papers comply with the Framework for GMD paper types and to carefully consider the topic of plagiarism. - A new appendix, the GMD

  7. EDITORIAL: 80 Years of Plasma 80 Years of Plasma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Franklin, R. N.; Braithwaite, N. St J.

    2009-02-01

    of all 12 volumes in a library so that they may be accessible to future scholars on request. As Appendix II shows, those of interest to modern day plasma physicists are contained in volumes 3, 4 and 5. Postscript (added December 2008) Following the October 2008 online publication of our Editorial, we are grateful to Professor Manfred Hellberg of the University of KwaZulu-Natal (Durban, South Africa) for drawing our attention to a letter by H M Mott-Smith, one of Langmuir's co-workers, published in 1971 (Nature 233 219). In this letter Mott-Smith makes clear his recollection that Langmuir was struck by the analogy between 'the way blood plasma carries around red and white corpuscles and germs' and the way that the ' . . . "equilibrium" part of the discharge acted as a sort of sub-stratum carrying particles of special kinds, like high-velocity electrons from thermionic filaments, molecules and ions of gas impurities'. We thus conclude that this now settles the origin of the term.

  8. The h-Index of Editorial Board Members Correlates Positively With the Impact Factor of Sports Medicine Journals

    PubMed Central

    Kay, Jeffrey; Memon, Muzammil; de SA, Darren; Simunovic, Nicole; Duong, Andrew; Karlsson, Jon; Ayeni, Olufemi Rolland

    2017-01-01

    Background: The h-index is a metric widely used to present both the productivity and impact of an author’s previous publications. Purpose: To evaluate and observe any correlations among the h-indices of 2015 editorial board members from 8 top sports medicine journals. Study Design: Systematic review. Methods: The sex, country of residence, degree, and faculty position of the editorial board members were identified using their respective scientific publication profiles. The h-index and other bibliometric indicators of these editorial board members were obtained using both the Web of Science (WoS) and Google Scholar (GS) databases. Nonparametric statistics were used to analyze differences in h-index values, and regression models were used to assess the ability of the editorial board member’s h-index to predict their journal’s impact factor (IF). Results: A total of 422 editorial board members were evaluated. The median h-index of all editors was 20 (interquartile range [IQR], 19) using GS and 15 (IQR, 15) using WoS. GS h-index values were 1.19 times higher than WoS, with significant correlation between these values (r 2 = 0.88, P = .0001). Editorial board members with a PhD had significantly higher h-indices than those without (GS, P = .0007; WoS, P = .0002), and full professors had higher h-indices than associate and assistant professors (GS, P = .0001; WoS, P = .0001). Overall, there were significant differences in the distribution of the GS (P < .0001) and WoS (P < .0001) h-indices of the editorial board members by 2014 IF of the journals. Both the GS h-index (β coefficient, 0.01228; 95% CI, 0.01035-0.01423; P < .0001) as well as the WoS h-index (β coefficient, 0.01507; 95% CI, 0.01265-0.01749; P < .0001) of editorial board members were significant predictors of the 2014 IF of their journal. Conclusion: The h-indices of editorial board members of top sports medicine journals are significant predictors of the IF of their respective journals.

  9. I Publish in I Edit? - Do Editorial Board Members of Urologic Journals Preferentially Publish Their Own Scientific Work?

    PubMed Central

    Mani, Jens; Makarević, Jasmina; Juengel, Eva; Ackermann, Hanns; Nelson, Karen; Bartsch, Georg

    2013-01-01

    Scientists who are members of an editorial board have been accused of preferentially publishing their scientific work in the journal where they serve as editor. Reputation and academic standing do depend on an uninterrupted flow of published scientific work and the question does arise as to whether publication mainly occurs in the self-edited journal. This investigation was designed to determine whether editorial board members of five urological journals were more likely to publish their research reports in their own rather than in other journals. A retrospective analysis was conducted for all original reports published from 2001–2010 by 65 editorial board members nominated to the boards of five impact leading urologic journals in 2006. Publications before editorial board membership, 2001–2005, and publications within the period of time as an editorial board member, 2006–2010, were identified. The impact factors of the journals were also recorded over the time period 2001–2010 to see whether a change in impact factor correlated with publication locality. In the five journals as a whole, scientific work was not preferentially published in the journal in which the scientists served as editor. However, significant heterogeneity among the journals was evident. One journal showed a significant increase in the amount of published papers in the ‘own’ journal after assumption of editorship, three journals showed no change and one journal showed a highly significant decrease in publishing in the ‘own’ journal after assumption of editorship. PMID:24386258

  10. I publish in I edit?--Do editorial board members of urologic journals preferentially publish their own scientific work?

    PubMed

    Mani, Jens; Makarević, Jasmina; Juengel, Eva; Ackermann, Hanns; Nelson, Karen; Bartsch, Georg; Haferkamp, Axel; Blaheta, Roman A

    2013-01-01

    Scientists who are members of an editorial board have been accused of preferentially publishing their scientific work in the journal where they serve as editor. Reputation and academic standing do depend on an uninterrupted flow of published scientific work and the question does arise as to whether publication mainly occurs in the self-edited journal. This investigation was designed to determine whether editorial board members of five urological journals were more likely to publish their research reports in their own rather than in other journals. A retrospective analysis was conducted for all original reports published from 2001-2010 by 65 editorial board members nominated to the boards of five impact leading urologic journals in 2006. Publications before editorial board membership, 2001-2005, and publications within the period of time as an editorial board member, 2006-2010, were identified. The impact factors of the journals were also recorded over the time period 2001-2010 to see whether a change in impact factor correlated with publication locality. In the five journals as a whole, scientific work was not preferentially published in the journal in which the scientists served as editor. However, significant heterogeneity among the journals was evident. One journal showed a significant increase in the amount of published papers in the 'own' journal after assumption of editorship, three journals showed no change and one journal showed a highly significant decrease in publishing in the 'own' journal after assumption of editorship.

  11. Editorial . Quantum fluctuations and coherence in optical and atomic structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eschner, Jürgen; Gatti, Alessandra; Maître, Agnès; Morigi, Giovanna

    2003-03-01

    contributions and the referees for their time and their thoroughness. Our sincerest thanks go to Solange Guéhot in the EPJ D editorial office for very efficiently taking care of all administrative matters. Jürgen Eschner, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria Alessandra Gatti, Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia, Unitá di Como, Via Valleggio 11, 22100 Como, Italy Agnàs Maītre, Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France Giovanna Morigi, Abteilung Quantenphysik, Universitát Ulm, Albert-Einstein Allee 11, 89069 Ulm, Germany

  12. What's Wrong with News-Editorial (Print) Journalism? Students Reject It as a Curriculum or Career Path and State Their Reasons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mann, Raleigh C.; And Others

    The ratio of journalism students choosing advertising to those choosing a news-editorial emphasis has risen dramatically in the 1980s. To determine whether students are rejecting the news-editorial curriculum based on their beliefs that occupations in this field offer low salaries, poor working conditions, and less creative opportunity than…

  13. In response to the editorial: "Will societies of anesthesiologists partake in the take-off of non-anesthesiologist administration of propofol?"

    PubMed

    Cabadas, Rafael; Álvarez-Escudero, Julián

    2017-08-01

    The editorial of Dr. Dumonceau comments on the discrepancies with the declarations done in regard to the article sent by titled Alvarez J. et al "Safety of the patient in deep sedation for endoscopico digestive procedures". We do not agree in the analysis of the mortality, with comparative studies between anesthesiologists and not anesthesiologists and with the conclusion of the editorial.

  14. PSYCHOLOGY IN FRENCH ACADEMIC PUBLISHING IN THE LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY: ALFRED BINET, EDITORIAL DIRECTOR AT THE SCHLEICHER PUBLISHING HOUSE.

    PubMed

    Nicolas, Serge

    2015-01-01

    To date, historians of psychology have largely ignored the role of academic publishing and the editorial policies of the late nineteenth century. This paper analyzes the role played by academic publishing in the history of psychology in the specific case of France, a country that provides a very interesting and unique model. Up until the middle of the 1890s, there was no collection specifically dedicated to psychology. Alfred Binet was the first to found, in 1897, a collection of works specifically dedicated to scientific psychology. He chose to work with Reinwald-Schleicher. However, Binet was soon confronted with (1) competition from other French publishing houses, and (2) Schleicher's management and editorial problems that were to sound the death knell for Binet's emerging editorial ambitions. The intention of this paper is to encourage the efforts of the pioneers of modern psychology to have their work published and disseminated.

  15. Data Sharing: A New Editorial Initiative of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Implications for the Editors' Network.

    PubMed

    Alfonso, Fernando; Adamyan, Karlen; Artigou, Jean-Yves; Aschermann, Michael; Boehm, Michael; Buendia, Alfonso; Chu, Pao-Hsien; Cohen, Ariel; Cas, Livio Dei; Dilic, Mirza; Doubell, Anton; Echeverri, Dario; Enç, Nuray; Ferreira-González, Ignacio; Filipiak, Krzysztof J; Flammer, Andreas; Fleck, Eckart; Gatzov, Plamen; Ginghina, Carmen; Goncalves, Lino; Haouala, Habib; Hassanein, Mahmoud; Heusch, Gerd; Huber, Kurt; Hulín, Ivan; Ivanusa, Mario; Krittayaphong, Rungroj; Lau, Chu-Pak; Marinskis, Germanas; Mach, François; Moreira, Luiz Felipe; Nieminen, Tuomo; Oukerraj, Latifa; Perings, Stefan; Pierard, Luc; Potpara, Tatjana; Reyes-Caorsi, Walter; Rim, Se-Joong; Rødevand, Olaf; Saade, Georges; Sander, Mikael; Shlyakhto, Evgeny; Timuralp, Bilgin; Tousoulis, Dimitris; Ural, Dilek; Piek, J J; Varga, Albert; Lüscher, Thomas F

    The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) provides recommendations to improve the editorial standards and scientific quality of biomedical journals. These recommendations range from uniform technical requirements to more complex and elusive editorial issues including ethical aspects of the scientific process. Recently, registration of clinical trials, conflicts of interest disclosure, and new criteria for authorship - emphasizing the importance of responsibility and accountability -, have been proposed. Last year, a new editorial initiative to foster sharing of clinical trial data was launched. This review discusses this novel initiative with the aim of increasing awareness among readers, investigators, authors and editors belonging to the Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology. Copyright © 2017. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A.

  16. Do Editorial Policies Support Ethical Research? A Thematic Text Analysis of Author Instructions in Psychiatry Journals

    PubMed Central

    Strech, Daniel; Metz, Courtney; Knüppel, Hannes

    2014-01-01

    Introduction According to the Declaration of Helsinki and other guidelines, clinical studies should be approved by a research ethics committee and seek valid informed consent from the participants. Editors of medical journals are encouraged by the ICMJE and COPE to include requirements for these principles in the journal’s instructions for authors. This study assessed the editorial policies of psychiatry journals regarding ethics review and informed consent. Methods and Findings The information given on ethics review and informed consent and the mentioning of the ICMJE and COPE recommendations were assessed within author’s instructions and online submission procedures of all 123 eligible psychiatry journals. While 54% and 58% of editorial policies required ethics review and informed consent, only 14% and 19% demanded the reporting of these issues in the manuscript. The TOP-10 psychiatry journals (ranked by impact factor) performed similarly in this regard. Conclusions Only every second psychiatry journal adheres to the ICMJE’s recommendation to inform authors about requirements for informed consent and ethics review. Furthermore, we argue that even the ICMJE’s recommendations in this regard are insufficient, at least for ethically challenging clinical trials. At the same time, ideal scientific design sometimes even needs to be compromised for ethical reasons. We suggest that features of clinical studies that make them morally controversial, but not necessarily unethical, are analogous to methodological limitations and should thus be reported explicitly. Editorial policies as well as reporting guidelines such as CONSORT should be extended to support a meaningful reporting of ethical research. PMID:24901366

  17. A peek behind the curtain: peer review and editorial decision making at Stroke.

    PubMed

    Sposato, Luciano A; Ovbiagele, Bruce; Johnston, S Claiborne; Fisher, Marc; Saposnik, Gustavo

    2014-08-01

    A better understanding of the manuscript peer-review process could improve the likelihood that research of the highest quality is funded and published. To this end, we aimed to assess consistency across reviewers' recommendations, agreement between reviewers' recommendations and editors' final decisions, and reviewer- and editor-level factors influencing editorial decisions at the journal Stroke. We analyzed all initial original contributions submitted to Stroke from January 2004 through December 2011. All submissions were linked to the final editorial decision (accept vs reject). We assessed the level of agreement between reviewers (intraclass correlation coefficient). We compared the initial editorial decision (accept, minor revision, major revision, and reject) across reviewers' recommendations. We performed a logistic regression analysis to identify reviewer- and editor-related factors associated with acceptance as the final decision. Of 12,902 original submissions to Stroke during the 8-year study period, the level of agreement between reviewers was between fair and moderate (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.09-0.75). Likelihood of acceptance was <5% if at least 1 reviewer recommended a rejection. In the multivariate analysis, higher reviewer-assigned priority scores were related to greater odds of acceptance (odds ratio [OR] = 26.3, 95% CI = 23.2-29.8), whereas higher number of reviewers (OR = 0.54 per additional reviewer, 95% CI = 0.50-0.59) and suggestions for reviewers by authors versus no suggestions (OR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.73-0.94) had lesser odds of acceptance. This analysis of the peer-review process at Stroke identified several factors that might be targeted to improve the consistency and fairness of the overall process. © 2014 American Neurological Association.

  18. EDITORIAL: Changes to Fluid Dynamics Research in 2009 Changes to Fluid Dynamics Research in 2009

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Funakoshi, Mitsuaki

    2009-02-01

    Welcome to the first issue of the modified Fluid Dynamics Research (FDR) journal, which is now being published by IOP Publishing on behalf of the Japan Society of Fluid Mechanics. Since its launch in 1986, FDR has become a well-established international journal that publishes theoretical, numerical and experimental studies contributing to the fundamental understanding and application of fluid phenomena. It has also been an invaluable resource for physicists and researchers in engineering interested in problems relevant to the motion of fluids. From 2009, FDR will be edited by a new international Editorial Board, with the strong intention of establishing the journal further and bringing it to a wider audience. In this new-look FDR, which will be published six times per year, readers will find several special sections containing high quality invited reviews and papers written by leading researchers who have been selected by the international Editorial Board. This is in addition to the regular papers on a variety of topical subjects by active researchers in the field. As before, there are no publication charges for standard articles, and now article numbering has been adopted, enabling accepted papers to be published online more quickly, ahead of print publication. In order to maintain a balanced and up-to-date perspective, we welcome feedback from our readers regarding the content of the journal, as well as suggestions for topics to cover and areas to highlight. Finally, I would like to thank our authors, members of the international Editorial Board, and the staff at IOP Publishing for producing this first issue. We hope you will enjoy reading this renewed and exciting journal for the international fluid dynamics community.

  19. Assessing biodiversity in Nuevo Leon, Mexico: Are nature reserves the answer?

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cantu, C.; Wright, R.G.; Scott, J.M.; Strand, Espen

    2004-01-01

    The Mexican state of Nuevo Leon, located in the northeastern portion of the country, currently has 26 state and three federal nature reserves covering approximately 4.5% of its land area. These reserves were established for a variety of reasons not necessarily related to conservation purposes. In 2000 in response to a growing concern about the lack of organized conservation reserve planning to protect the important biological and physical features of Mexico, the Mexican Commission for Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity proposed 12 new terrestrial reserves for Nuevo Leon. The new reserves, if established, would increase the proportion of protected lands in the state to almost 24% of the state's land area. We compiled a Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis using digital thematic maps of physical and ecological features to examine how well the existing and proposed reserves incorporated the major biological and physical features of the state. The existing reserves are located primarily in regions with elevations > 1,000-1,500 m, on less productive soils, and are dominated by pine and oak forest cover types. As a result, the state's dominant biotic region - low elevation coastal plain with xeric scrub vegetation - is disproportionately under represented in the current reserve system. The new reserves would expand the protection of biophysical resources throughout the state. However, the inclusion of important resources in the low elevation coastal lands would still be limited.

  20. Analysis of the interaction of deuterium plasmas with tungsten in the Fuego-Nuevo II device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramos, Gonzalo; Castillo, Fermín; Nieto, Martín; Martínez, Marco; Rangel, José; Herrera-Velázquez, Julio

    2012-10-01

    Tungsten is one of the main candidate materials for plasma-facing components in future fusion power plants. The Fuego-Nuevo II, a plasma focus device, which can produce dense magnetized helium and deuterium plasmas, has been adapted to address plasma-facing materials questions. In this paper we present results of tungsten targets exposed to deuterium plasmas in the Fuego Nuevo II device, using different experimental conditions. The plasma generated and accelerated in the coaxial gun is expected to have, before the pinch, energies of the order of hundreds eV and velocities of the order of 40,000 m s-1. At the pinch, the ions are reported to have energies of the order of 1.5 keV at most. The samples, analysed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) in cross section show a damage profile to depths of the order of 580 nm, which are larger than those expected for ions with 1.5 keV, and may be evidence of ion acceleration. An analysis with the SRIM (Stopping Range of Ions in Matter) package calculations is shown.

  1. [Effects of reforestation on tree pollen sensitization in inhabitants of Nuevo Leon, Mexico].

    PubMed

    Palma-Gómez, Samuel; González-Díaz, Sandra Nora; Arias-Cruz, Alfredo; Macías-Weinmann, Alejandra; Amaro-Vivian, Laura Elizabeth; Pérez-Vanzzini, Rafael; Gutiérrez-Mujica, José Julio; Yong-Rodríguez, Adrián

    2014-01-01

    Climate change has implications for health, ecology and society. Urban green areas are a key element in the planning of cities, promoting citizen interaction with the environment, as well as health. Lack of planning and design of these areas as well as the selection of ornamental trees can be a trigger of pollen allergy in the surrounding population. Reforestation is among the programs implemented by the government that have an impact on allergy. Environmental reforestation programs do not take into account the allergenic potential of some species. In the last 4 years, the government of Nuevo Leon, Mexico, has planted nearly 18,000 Quercus species trees, in addition to an unknown number of Fraxinus species trees that are listed as tree species with high pollen production. To identify changes in tree pollen sensitization, based on environmental reforestation programs. A retrospective and descriptive study was done in which positive skin prick tests to pollen from trees in the interval of 2010-2014 were analyzed, correlating between tree species used for reforestation and increased sensitivity to the former. A statistically significant increase in pollen sensitization to species with which Nuevo Leon was reforested was found, along with a decrease in sensitization to the species that were not reforested. Reforestation contributes to some extent to the change in the pattern of positive skin tests and may result in more frequent exacerbations of respiratory diseases. It is an activity that should always be regulated and assisted by experts in the according field.

  2. Rainfall thresholds for the initiation of shallow landslides in Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchez Castillo, L. R. M.; Kubota, T.; Cantu Silva, I.; Hasnawir, H.

    2014-12-01

    The influence of rainfall on the occurrence of landslides depends on many factors such as landslide dimensions, kinematics or material involved. It is widely recognized that shallow landslides are usually triggered by short intense storms. Nuevo Leon state located in northeast Mexico is highly prone to the occurrence of this kind of slope failures due to its geologic, geomorphologic, climatic attributes and location, being targeted by tropical cyclones during the Atlantic hurricane season. A database of rainfall events that have resulted in shallow landslides on the region was compiled; the data indicated that there is a coincidence between the occurrence of shallow landslides and extreme rainfall events. A threshold curve in the form of I= αD-β was established to describe the threshold in where I is the rainfall intensity by rainfall event in mm/day and D is the duration of rainfall event in days. Duration of the rainfall events that triggered shallow landslides ranged from 2 to 5 days, with maximum intensity of 236 mm/day and a minimum intensity of 57.7 mm/day. From the data analyzed we could obtain a regression value of I = 109.77D-1.76 and established a new minimum rainfall intensity-duration threshold for the initiation of rainfall-induced shallow landslides that can be used for the development of a early warning system in Nuevo Leon, Mexico

  3. Accessibility to editorial information in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery journals: The authors' point of view.

    PubMed

    Castelo-Baz, Pablo; Leira-Feijoo, Yago; Seoane-Romero, Juan Manuel; Varela-Centelles, Pablo; Seoane, Juan

    2015-09-01

    To evaluate the accessibility to editorial information in Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery journals. A cross-sectional study using the WOS-Web of Science database in three categories: "Surgery," "Otorhinolaryngology," and "Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine" was designed. Journals were filtered by title and classified under three headings: OMFS specialty; OMFS subspecialty and related sciences; and multidisciplinary journals. Specialty scope (OMFS vs. other); impact factor; path for the manuscript; blinding policy; accessibility to reviewers' criteria; and percentage of acceptance. Only 46 of 330 journals met the inclusion criteria. All OMFS journals provided comprehensive information about the review process, compared to 5 of 27 (18.5%) of Oral Surgery and related sciences periodicals. Most specialty journals do not inform about the blind review mode used (20 of 33; 60.6%). Generally, information about the reviewers' assessment criteria is scarce, but is available from all OMFS journals, which also state the percentage of manuscript acceptance (100% vs. 14.8%). OMFS JCR journals provide adequate information about their editorial process in terms of path for the manuscript, accessibility to reviewers' criteria, and percentage of acceptance. Additional efforts are needed to increase accessibility to information about blinding policy and average time from submission to acceptance. Copyright © 2015 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. [The editorial handling of manuscripts submitted to Revista Médica de Chile].

    PubMed

    Reyes, Humberto; Palma, Joaquín; Andresen, Max

    2004-01-01

    This Editorial describes the steps followed by a manuscript when it is submitted to Revista Médica de Chile: its reception, format checking as requested in Instructions to Authors, and the editors' decision whether it is considered suitable for the purposes of this journal or not; the selection of peer reviewers, a direct contact with them to ask for their willingness to review this particular manuscript; an analysis by the editors of the reviewers' criticisms leading them to the decision of whether to accept it in the current version, or to return it to the authors with a request to prepare a new corrected version, or a definitive rejection; the editors' review of a corrected version (that may require again the opinion of the external reviewers) and the final decision to accept it or not; printing of the manuscript, two successive galley proofs reviewed by authors and editors; and the final printing of the journal with its simultaneous reproduction in the web page www.scielo.cl. Roughly 70% of the manuscripts are returned to the authors offering them the opportunity to resubmit a corrected version, 12% are definitively rejected and 20% are accepted in their first version. The mean time taken for an accepted manuscript since its first submission until it appears printed is currently 7.6 months. Having only part time editors and a time-limited secretarial staff efforts to shorten this time are difficult to implement, although electronic mail and fax are increasingly being used in this editorial process.

  5. [The growing challenge of the editorial process in Revista Médica de Chile].

    PubMed

    Reyes B, Humberto; Andresen H, Max; Palma H, Joaquín

    2006-01-01

    During the recent 6 years, a growing number of manuscripts have been submitted annually to Revista Médica de Chile. In 2005 this number was 60% greater than in the year 2000. This determined an increased workload in the editorial handling of manuscripts and in the number of external peer reviewers, who were over 400 participants during 2004, each one reviewing from one to five manuscripts in that year. An increasing use of the electronic mail helps to communicate editors with reviewers and authors. However, there is yet no availability of a software in Spanish to handle all communications in the editorial process in this language. The number of pages per issue has been increased and authors have been requested to limit the extension of their manuscripts, in order to allow more accepted manuscripts to appear in a shorter period of time. At the present, an average of 8.9 months separates the date of submission to the date of publication, in those manuscripts that were accepted in revised version after external peer review. The increasing number of submissions and the fact that this journal ranks high among Chilean journals, in the number of visits to full-text articles in the web page www.scielo.cl, testify that in spite of the aforementioned limitations Revista Médica de Chile is well considered among authors and readers in Chile and other Spanish-speaking countries.

  6. [Editorial analysis of manuscripts sent for publication in the Revista Médica de Chile].

    PubMed

    Kauffmann, R; Reyes, H; Goic A

    1991-03-01

    We analyzed 121 articles published in this Journal in 1989. Papers were classified as "clinical experiences" (55%), "research articles" (31%), "public health" (10%) and "clinical laboratory" (4%). 79% of papers were elaborated in University institutions and 77% came from the area of Santiago. 23% of articles were published in the original version and 77% required rewriting by authors to comply with editorial board review. In each case, time between reception of the manuscript and acceptation for publication was 69 +/- 36 (SD) and 141 +/- 78 days, respectively. Reviewers used 35 +/- 19 days. Main observations from reviewers were: lengthy introduction (17%), unprecise statement of objective (16%), inadequate description of methods (17%) or of patient selection criteria (9%), inadequate discussion of results (19%) or unsupported conclusions (18%) and inappropriate statistical analysis (17%). The title was changed in order to make it more informative and shorter in 23%, tables were standardized in 17% and references in 24% of papers. Awareness of these findings may help authors improve their manuscripts and reduce editorial time.

  7. How international are the leading orthopedic journals: a look at the composition of the editorial board members of the top orthopedic journals.

    PubMed

    Meena, Sanjay; Chowdhury, Buddhadev

    2014-05-01

    Researches from the developing world contribute only a limited proportion to the total research output published in leading orthopedics journals. Some of them believe that there is substantial editorial bias against their work. We assessed the composition of the editorial boards of leading orthopedic journals. The editorial boards of 18 leading orthopedic journals according to their impact factor were retrieved from their website. We evaluated in which countries the editorial board members were based and classified these countries using the World Bank income criteria. Individuals from number of countries can be found on the editorial boards of the investigated journals, but most of them are based in high-income countries. While 1,302 of the 1,401 editorial board members are based in countries with a high income according to the World Bank criteria, 37 are based in an upper middle income, 2 in lower middle income and none in a low-income economy. The percentage of editorial board members in leading orthopedic journals is dominated by high-income countries with serious underrepresentation from low-income countries.

  8. Exploring the APA Fifth Edition "Publication Manual"'s Impact on the Analytic Preferences of Journal Editorial Board Members.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capraro, Mary Margaret; Capraro, Robert M.

    2003-01-01

    Studied the reporting preferences of editorial board members of four scholarly journals in education and psychology with regard to analytic practices in the fifth edition of the American Psychological Association "Publication Manual." Responses of 106 board members show the movement toward reform in research reporting practices. (SLD)

  9. Exploring the APA Fifth Edition "Publication Manual"'s Impact on the Analytic Preferences of Journal Editorial Board Members.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capraro, Mary Margaret; Capraro, Robert M.

    2003-01-01

    Studied the reporting preferences of editorial board members of four scholarly journals in education and psychology with regard to analytic practices in the fifth edition of the American Psychological Association "Publication Manual." Responses of 106 board members show the movement toward reform in research reporting practices. (SLD)

  10. Trends in Female Authorships, Editorial Board Memberships, and Editorships in Educational Psychology Journals from 2003 to 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fong, Carlton J.; Yoo, Julia H.; Jones, Sara J.; Torres, Laura G.; Decker, Mark Lowry

    2009-01-01

    Robinson, McKay, Katayama, and Fan ("Contemporary Educational Psychology," 23, 331-343, 1998) reported that women were underrepresented in terms of authorships, editorial board memberships, and editorships in the field of educational psychology based on membership trends. More recently, Evans, Hsieh, and Robinson ("Educational Psychology Review,"…

  11. The Editorial Policy as a Mirror of Petrine Reforms: Textbooks and Their Translators in Early 18th Century Russia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gouzevitch, Irina

    2006-01-01

    Peter I's editorial policy appears as a starting point in the birth of secular Russian textbooks. Since the printing production was then organized on a massive scale as a response to the needs of European-like modernization, it should be safely suggested that nearly "all" books produced during this pioneering period focused teaching…

  12. A Cross-Cultural Approach to the Negotiation of Individual and Group Identities: Parliamentary Debates and Editorial Meetings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Miranda

    2012-01-01

    This article draws on interactional pragmatics and a cross-cultural approach (UK, France, Spain) to investigate the negotiation of individual and group identities in two different speech events, parliamentary debates and editorial meetings. The cross-cultural examination of the use of linguistic resources for signalling "social role,…

  13. A Cross-Cultural Approach to the Negotiation of Individual and Group Identities: Parliamentary Debates and Editorial Meetings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Miranda

    2012-01-01

    This article draws on interactional pragmatics and a cross-cultural approach (UK, France, Spain) to investigate the negotiation of individual and group identities in two different speech events, parliamentary debates and editorial meetings. The cross-cultural examination of the use of linguistic resources for signalling "social role,…

  14. "I Wouldn't Have Said It that Way": Mediating Professional Editorial Comments in a Secondary School Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohnen, Angela M.

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of a videotaped lecture from a secondary school science classroom. The students in this class had drafted science journalism articles and submitted them for professional editorial review and possible publication in a science newsmagazine for a teenage audience. Before allowing her students to see the editorial…

  15. Editorial research and the publication process in biomedicine and health: Report from the Esteve Foundation Discussion Group, December 2012

    PubMed Central

    Marušić, Ana; Malički, Mario; von Elm, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Despite the fact that there are more than twenty thousand biomedical journals in the world, research into the work of editors and publication process in biomedical and health care journals is rare. In December 2012, the Esteve Foundation, a non-profit scientific institution that fosters progress in pharmacotherapy by means of scientific communication and discussion organized a discussion group of 7 editors and/or experts in peer review biomedical publishing. They presented findings of past editorial research, discussed the lack of competitive funding schemes and specialized journals for dissemination of editorial research, and reported on the great diversity of misconduct and conflict of interest policies, as well as adherence to reporting guidelines. Furthermore, they reported on the reluctance of editors to investigate allegations of misconduct or increase the level of data sharing in health research. In the end, they concluded that if editors are to remain gatekeepers of scientific knowledge they should reaffirm their focus on the integrity of the scientific record and completeness of the data they publish. Additionally, more research should be undertaken to understand why many journals are not adhering to editorial standards, and what obstacles editors face when engaging in editorial research. PMID:24969914

  16. Trends in Female Authorships, Editorial Board Memberships, and Editorships in Educational Psychology Journals from 2003 to 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fong, Carlton J.; Yoo, Julia H.; Jones, Sara J.; Torres, Laura G.; Decker, Mark Lowry

    2009-01-01

    Robinson, McKay, Katayama, and Fan ("Contemporary Educational Psychology," 23, 331-343, 1998) reported that women were underrepresented in terms of authorships, editorial board memberships, and editorships in the field of educational psychology based on membership trends. More recently, Evans, Hsieh, and Robinson ("Educational Psychology Review,"…

  17. Editorial independence and the editor-owner relationship: good editors never die, they just cross the line.

    PubMed

    Lapeña, J F

    2009-12-01

    The concept of editorial freedom or independence is examined in the light of the editor-owner relationship. Like individual and national freedom or independence, it is a rhetorical concept whose realisation flows from internal achievement as much as it depends on external validation. This freedom entails roles and responsibilities embodied in specific codes of practice for editors, such as the guidelines espoused by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Association of Medical Editors. The calling to embody these guidelines makes editing a vocation that demands isolation and distancing, separation and solitude. It involves bracketing one's biases, prejudgments and preconceptions. With such detachment comes real freedom; one that requires a moral fibre and trustworthiness that uphold truth and right, whether in full view of public scrutiny, or in the aloneness of private secrecy. The stereotypical tension between academic and commercial concerns highlights the editor-owner relationship, and bears directly on editorial independence. In practice, journal owners overstep their prerogatives. The absence of clear contracts defining editorial independence and the lack of established mechanisms governing the editor-owner relationship affect many small- to medium-sized journals in developing countries. Even large journals in developed and democratic nations or totalitarian states and societies are not spared. At the end of the day, editorial freedom exists only insofar as it is tolerated, or until editors cross the line.

  18. "I Wouldn't Have Said It that Way": Mediating Professional Editorial Comments in a Secondary School Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohnen, Angela M.

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of a videotaped lecture from a secondary school science classroom. The students in this class had drafted science journalism articles and submitted them for professional editorial review and possible publication in a science newsmagazine for a teenage audience. Before allowing her students to see the editorial…

  19. Relationship between Quality and Editorial Leadership of Biomedical Research Journals: A Comparative Study of Italian and UK Journals

    PubMed Central

    Matarese, Valerie

    2008-01-01

    Background The quality of biomedical reporting is guided by statements of several organizations. Although not all journals adhere to these guidelines, those that do demonstrate “editorial leadership” in their author community. To investigate a possible relationship between editorial leadership and journal quality, research journals from two European countries, one Anglophone and one non-Anglophone, were studied and compared. Quality was measured on a panel of bibliometric parameters while editorial leadership was evaluated from journals' instructions to authors. Methodology/Principal Findings The study considered all 76 Italian journals indexed in Medline and 76 randomly chosen UK journals; only journals both edited and published in these countries were studied. Compared to UK journals, Italian journals published fewer papers (median, 60 vs. 93; p = 0.006), less often had online archives (43 vs. 74; p<0.001) and had lower median values of impact factor (1.2 vs. 2.7, p<0.001) and SCImago journal rank (0.09 vs. 0.25, p<0.001). Regarding editorial leadership, Italian journals less frequently required manuscripts to specify competing interests (p<0.001), authors' contributions (p = 0.005), funding (p<0.001), informed consent (p<0.001), ethics committee review (p<0.001). No Italian journal adhered to COPE or the CONSORT and QUOROM statements nor required clinical trial registration, while these characteristics were observed in 15%–43% of UK journals (p<0.001). At multiple regression, editorial leadership predicted 37.1%–49.9% of the variance in journal quality defined by citation statistics (p<0.0001); confounding variables inherent to a cross-cultural comparison had a relatively small contribution, explaining an additional 6.2%–13.8% of the variance. Conclusions/Significance Journals from Italy scored worse for quality and editorial leadership than did their UK counterparts. Editorial leadership predicted quality for the entire set of journals

  20. Medical Hypotheses 2006 impact factor rises to 1.3--a vindication of the 'editorial review' system for revolutionary science.

    PubMed

    Charlton, Bruce G

    2007-01-01

    The Thomson Scientific Impact Factor (IF) for Medical Hypotheses has risen to 1.299 for 2006. This means that the IF has more than doubled since 2004, when it stood at 0.607. Using Elsevier's Scopus database; in 2004 there were 437 citations to Medical Hypotheses papers published in the previous two years--by 2006 this had trebled to 1216 citations. Monthly internet usage of Medical Hypotheses run at an average of about 26000 papers downloaded per month. An IF of 1.3 means that Medical Hypotheses has now entered the mainstream level of 'respectable' medical journals, in terms of its usage by other scientists. This is particularly pleasing given the aim of the journal is to publish radical and speculative ideas. A healthy IF is important to Medical Hypotheses because the journal deploys a system of editorial review, rather than peer review, for evaluation and selection of papers. Editorial review involves selection of a journal's content primarily by an editor who has broad experience and competence in the field, assisted by a relatively small editorial advisory board. The great advantage of editorial review is that it is able, by policy, to favour the publication of revolutionary science. But since editorial review relies on hard-to-quantify and non-transparent individual judgments, it is important for its outcomes to be open to objective evaluations. Scientometric measures of usage such as citations, impact factors and downloads constitute objective evidence concerning a journal's usefulness. Since Medical Hypotheses is performing adequately by such criteria, this provides a powerful answer to those who fetishize peer review and regard any other system of evaluation as suspect. Journal review procedures are merely a means to the end, and the end is a journal that serves a useful function in the dynamic process of science. Medical Hypotheses can now claim to perform such a role.

  1. Learning Styles and Attitudes toward Online Education in Four Universities in the State of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez de Monarrez, Patricia; Korniejczuk, Victor

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to find the relation-ship between the predominant learning styles among university online students and their attitude toward online education. Data were collected from 385 students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs from four universities in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Significant effects of…

  2. Learning Styles and Attitudes toward Online Education in Four Universities in the State of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez de Monarrez, Patricia; Korniejczuk, Victor

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to find the relation-ship between the predominant learning styles among university online students and their attitude toward online education. Data were collected from 385 students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs from four universities in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Significant effects of…

  3. Editorial policies and background in editing Macedonian Medical Review and BANTAO journal.

    PubMed

    Spasovski, Goce

    2014-01-01

    Even in as small a country as R. Macedonia with limited resources allocated for science, there are many journals trying to establish good editorial practices and policies in publishing the scientific work achieved. Among the currently existing medical journals Macedonian Medical Review (MMR), ISSN 0025-1097, deserves to be elaborated as the oldest journal with continuous publication since its first appearance as the journal of the Macedonian Medical Association (MMA). Since its first issue, published in 1946, there has been an opus of some 4500 peer-reviewed published papers in more than 210 issues and some 80 supplements from various congresses and meetings. In this regard, great respect should be paid not only to the editorial boards, but also to the collaborators who have contributed to its successful continuity in all previous years. In line with the needs for further development of the journal and possibilities for access to world databases, the Editorial Board of MMR has made every effort to improve and modernize its work as well as the technical quality of the journal. Hence, MMA has signed a contract with De Gruyter Open as leading publisher of Open Access academic content for further improvement and promotion of the journal and facilitation of the Medline application, so we do hope for the further success of the journal. BANTAO Journal is published on behalf of the Balkan Cities Association of Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation and Artificial Organs (BANTAO), ISSN 1312-2517. The first issue was published in 2003, ten years after BANTAO was born. Its appearance was an extremely important event in the existence of BANTAO. The first official editor of the journal was Dimitar Nenov, Varna (2003-2005), followed by Ali Basci (Izmir, Turkey) and Goce Spasovski (Skopje, Macedonia) as editor-in-chief since 2009. Over the years, the Journal has been included in the EBSCO, DOAJ and SCOPUS/SCIMAGO databases. The journal is published biannually. Until now, 345

  4. Pesticide residues in orange fruit from citrus orchards in Nuevo Leon State, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Suárez-Jacobo, A; Alcantar-Rosales, V M; Alonso, D; Heras-Ramírez, M E; Elizarragaz-De La Rosa, D; Lugo-Melchor, O Y; Gaspar-Ramirez, O

    2017-04-04

    Some international organizations established Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) in food to protect human health. Mexico lacks regulations in this matter, affecting national and international trade from agroindustry. The aim of this study was to diagnose pesticide residues in oranges from Nuevo Leon, México, in citrus orchards. In May 2014, 100 orange fruit samples were taken randomly from orchards and subjected to analysis for 93 pesticides at residual level by GC/QQQ-MS and LCQ-TOF-MS. Results showed presence of 15 pesticide residues in the samples. The comparison of the residual levels of pesticides found in orange samples among the MRLs allowed by USA, EU and Japanese regulations demonstrated that all samples were below MRLs issued by USA and Japan. Some orange samples were above MRLs issued by the EU. This provides a basis to establish strategies in order to satisfy International Standards to protect human health and encourage Food Safety in Mexico.

  5. An analysis of nonpayment of water services in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aguilar-Benitez, Ismael; Saphores, Jean-Daniel

    2008-08-01

    In many developing and developed cities, nonpayment for water services undermines the financial health of water utilities; in poorer areas, it also hinders the water utilities' ability to serve poor households. However, nonpayment has not received much attention in the literature so far. In this paper, we analyze nonpayment for a unique data set of households from Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. Our fieldwork and basic statistics indicate that nonpayment is very common and affects both poor and affluent households, so ability to pay may only partly explain nonpayment. Using panel data models to control for unobserved household characteristics (to avoid omitted variable bias) and after accounting for monthly effects, we find that long-term delinquent households consume ˜3% more water than do other families; this number is larger for households who are retired and affluent, which further compounds the adverse consequences of nonpayment.

  6. Ethnobotany in Rayones, Nuevo León, México.

    PubMed

    Estrada-Castillón, Eduardo; Garza-López, Miriam; Villarreal-Quintanilla, José Ángel; Salinas-Rodríguez, María Magdalena; Soto-Mata, Brianda Elizabeth; González-Rodríguez, Humberto; González-Uribe, Dino Ulises; Cantú-Silva, Israel; Carrillo-Parra, Artemio; Cantú-Ayala, César

    2014-09-01

    Trough collections of plants and interviews with 110 individuals, an ethnobotanical study was conducted in order to determine the knowledge and use plant species in Rayones, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. The aim of this study was to record all useful plants and their uses, to know whether differences exist in the knowledge about the number of species and uses between women and men, and to know if there is a correlation between the age of individuals and knowledge of species and their uses. A total of 110 persons were interviewed (56 men, 56 women). Semistructured interviews were carried out. The data were analyzed by means of Student t test and the Pearson Correlation Coeficient. A total of 252 species, 228 genera and 91 families of vascular plants were recorded. Astraceae, Fabaceae and are the most important families with useful species and Agave and Opuntia are the genera with the highest number of useful species. One hundred and thirty six species are considered as medicinal. Agave, Acacia and Citrus are the genera with the highest number of medicinal species. Other uses includes edible, spiritual rituals, construction and ornamentals. There was a non-significant correlation between the person's age and number of species, but a significant very low negative correlation between the person's age and number of uses was found. Knowing their medicinal uses is an important issue for the people of Rayones. Boiling and preparing infusions are the main ways of using plants by residents. The leaves, the branches, and the fruits are the most commonly used parts. Almost 18% of the flora is used for wood and construction purposes. Several uses such as cosmetic, shampoo, firming skin tonics and health hair products recorded in Rayones has not been reported for other areas in the state of Nuevo León. In Rayones, women have a greater knowledge about plants and their uses than men, particularly, medicinal plants, but, men have a greater knowledge about wood and construction species.

  7. Ethnobotany in the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park, Nuevo León, México

    PubMed Central

    Estrada, Eduardo; Villarreal, José A; Cantú, César; Cabral, Ismael; Scott, Laura; Yen, Carmen

    2007-01-01

    An ethnobotanical study in the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park (CMNP), Nuevo Leon, Mexico was conducted. In spite of the large area (1,773.7 km2), heterogeneous physiography, contrasting plant communities and high species diversity of the CMNP, very little was previously known about its useful plants. Based on 95 interviews with inhabitants of the region who were 35 years or older, we recorded ethnobotanical data of 240 species (comprising 170 genera and 69 botanical families), and 146 different uses. Most of the cited uses (98) were found to be medicinal ones. Background An ethnobotanical study in the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park (CMNP), Nuevo Leon, Mexico was conducted. In spite of the large area (1,773.7 km2), heterogeneous physiography, contrasting plant communities and high species diversity of the CMNP, very little was previously known about its useful plants. Based on 95 interviews with inhabitants of the region who were 35 years old or older, we recorded ethnobotanical data of 240 species (comprising 170 genera and 69 botanical families), and 146 different uses. Most of the cited uses (98) were found to be medicinal ones. Methods Ninety five inhabitants 35 years old and oldest were interviewed to know what are the main plant uses in the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park. Results and discussion Two hundred and forty species, 170 genera, and 69 families of useful plants and 146 different uses were recorded. We found most of the uses to be medicinal (98), while the rest (48) represent various purposes. Herbaceous plants are the most used, followed by shrubs and trees. PMID:17263889

  8. [Digestive tract malignant neoplasms in patients of No. 11 area IMSS in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas.].

    PubMed

    Neri-Jiménez, U

    2008-01-01

    In the last years, mortality due to malignant neoplasms has shown a reduction in its growing tendencies in developed countries. However,the profile of cancer mortality in developing countries still presents a clear upward pattern, and Mexico is not the exception, for the mortality rate due to malignant tumors has shown an increase recently, which constitutes a great challenge for health institutions. To determine the frequency of malignant neoplasms in the digestive tract in patients treated in the General Hospital Area No. 11 of Mexican Institute of Social Security in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas,Mexico. From 11,386 histopathologic reports carried out in the Department of Pathology of the General Hospital Area No. 11 IMSS in the year 2000-2006, 165 patients were reported,diagnosed with malignant neoplasms of the digestive tract (NMTD); patients age and gender were analyzed as well as affected areas and histological stock. Benign neoplasms and metastasis were excluded. From the study of 165 cases of patients with malignant neoplasms of digestive tract (NMTD),the most affected age was patients between 60-75 years old, predilection for male (63.78%) and female(36.21%) subjects. According to the Pathology report, 24.4% were diagnosed with hepatic cancer,23.03% were colon and rectum cancer, 20.00%were stomach cancer, 13.33% with pancreatic cancer,and 7.27% were cancer of esophagus. The rest was located in other levels. Malignant neoplasms of digestive tract in patients of General Hospital Area No. 11IMSS in Nuevo Laredo are relevant in relation with other Medial Centers may be regional factors contribute to this behavior.

  9. Editorial introduction.

    PubMed

    Gelso, Charles J

    2007-09-01

    Introduces the special section in the current issue of Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training. This section contains a reprint of Carl R. Rogers' (1957) seminal paper on the necessary and sufficient conditions for constructive personality change, as well as 11 reaction papers from some of the best psychotherapy theoreticians and researchers of our time. The reaction papers address the impact of Rogers' paper on the field of psychotherapy in general and therapy of the commenter's persuasion in particular, limitations of Rogers' viewpoints, the most important and enduring aspects of Rogers' theoretical statement, and how Rogers' ideas may exhibit themselves directly and indirectly in the current psychotherapy scene. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  10. Guest Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saravanan, Padmanapan; Babu, Dhanakotti Rajan; Chelvane, Jeyaramane Arout; Vizhi, Rajasekaran Ezhil

    2016-11-01

    This special issue of Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (JMMM) is a collection of selected papers presented at the International Conference on Magnetic Materials and Applications (ICMAGMA-2015), held at VIT University, Vellore, India during December 2 - 4, 2015. The papers were screened and selected for publication after an intensive peer review, with a minimum of two reviewers for every paper. The editors would like to place on record the unstinted support received from over 100 reviewers which culminated in the selection of 49 manuscripts for publication. We take this opportunity to thank everyone for participating in the ICMAGMA-2015.

  11. Inaugural editorial.

    PubMed

    Maisto, Stephen A

    2009-03-01

    Gives a brief history of the Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, noting its current premier status among addictions journals. The editor discusses the types of manuscripts that the journal publishes, covering a wide range of topics and substantive areas. The plan is to keep the journal as an outlet for publication of manuscripts concerning all of the addictive behaviors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).

  12. PREFACE: Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strikhanov, Mikhail N.; Pivovarov, Yury L.

    2010-04-01

    This volume contains the papers presented at 8th International Symposium on Radiation from Relativistic Electrons in Periodic Structures (RREPS'09), which was held in Zvenigorod, Moscow Region, Russia, from 7 to 11 September 2009, organized jointly by National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow) and Tomsk Polytechnic University (Tomsk), Russia. University MEPhI (Moscow) and Tomsk Polytechnic University (Tomsk), Russia. RREPS was founded in September 1993 by an initiative of the Nuclear Physics Institute at Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia, with the intention of strengthening basic and applied research focused on radiation from relativistic particles in natural and artificial periodic structures. Since then, the symposium has developed into a forum attracting scientists from different fields and from many countries all over the world. RREPS'09 followed previous successful series of biennial RREPS symposia at Tomsk (1993, 1995, 1997, 2003), Baikal Lake (1999), Aya Lake (Altai, Russia, 2001) and Czech Technical University in Prague (Czech Republic, 2007). Five NIMB topical issues (V 145 No 1-2, October 1998; V 173 No 1-2, January 2001; V 201(1) January 2003; V 227, Issues 1-2, January 2005; V 266, Issue 17, September 2008) have been published as outgrowth of these symposia. Traditionally, the RREPS program includes following topics: General Properties of Electromagnetic Radiation from Relativistic Particles Transition Radiation Parametric X- Radiation Diffraction Radiation and Smith-Purcell Effect Coherent Bremsstrahlung and Channeling Radiation Crystal- Assisted Processes Applications of Monochromatic X- and Gamma- Beams Produced at Electron Accelerators The present RREPS'09 Symposium was dedicated to the modern problems in radiation from relativistic electrons in crystals and other periodic structures, as well as to new applications of photon and electron beams. During the last few decades, electromagnetic radiation from relativistic particles, both in external fields and in matter, has always been an interesting field for investigation. Every kind of radiation reflects specific processes of fundamental atomic physics, classical or quantum electrodynamics and might have specific applications in accelerator physics (beam diagnostics), nuclear physics (hard photon sources), material science and medicine (X-Ray sources). Nowadays, electromagnetic radiation studies cover electron energies from a few MeV up to hundreds of GeV in many laboratories throughout the world. The goal is to study the physics of generation of various kinds of radiation and their interplay or combined effects and to find successful applications for them. New photon sources, which use new types of radiation at new accelerators (e.g. tabletop synchrotrons), may be considered complementary to conventional photon sources based on synchrotron radiation, undulator radiation and free electron lasers. We express our thanks to the members of the International Program Committee for their suggestions during the preparation of the scientific program of the workshop. We warmly thank the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow) and the Tomsk Polytechnic University (Tomsk) for the financial and administrative support. We also acknowledge the valuable financial contributions by Russian Fund for Basic Research and "Dynasty" Foundation. Editors Mikhail N. Strikhanov National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Moscow, Russia Yury L. Pivovarov Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russia

  13. Editorial Note

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Degueldre, Claude; Poinssot, Christophe; Ewing, Rodney; Zhou, Lian

    2007-05-01

    Nuclear materials are studied for their specific applications under extreme temperature, pressure and irradiation conditions. These materials act as barriers or as structural materials and their properties are investigated with an emphasis on their mechanical performance, durability, plasticity and stability. Symposium N included sessions dealing with materials ranging from structural components of fusion systems, advanced spallation or fission units, structural parts of thermal or fast reactors, fuels and waste forms. Macroscopic properties such as thermodynamical, thermophysical and mechanical as well as microstructural analysis of these materials were discussed for example, comparing properties before and after irradiation.

  14. Editorial Note

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-02-01

    As from January 2016, Dr. Andrew Barry and Dr. Andrea Rinaldo have retired as Editors of Advances in Water Resources. Dr Barry has been a long serving Editor for 14 years, beginning this role on January 1, 2002. During this time he has served the science community with dedication, commitment, and diligence while bringing to the journal a strong vision and a wealth of knowledge that has tremendously improved the visibility and impact of Advances in Water Resources. Throughout this period he has also broadened the scope of the journal by adapting to the new emerging needs of the field through proactively seeking and promoting numerous special issues, which have now become a hallmark of the journal. The importance of obtaining high quality reviews and timeliness in decision-making, have always been a priority under Dr Barry's Editorship. It is clear that Advances in Water Resources and the community which it serves, has benefited enormously under Andrew's tenure and we will miss his energy, enthusiasm and passion for hydrologic science.

  15. Editorial note

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meko, David M.; Piovano, Eduardo L.

    2015-10-01

    Paleohydrological data, sometimes called "proxy records," reveal features of hydrologic variability not amenable to study with short instrumental hydrologic time series. Included are low-frequency features at wavelengths longer than the instrumental record, as well as high-frequency features that might differ in statistical properties from those that happen to be sampled by the instrumental record. Advances in paleohydrological methods and the expanded field collections of paleohydrologic proxies worldwide enable the reconstruction of different components of the hydrologic cycle on various scales of time and space. Reducing uncertainty about the variability of hydrologic processes is a major goal of paleohydrologic studies. New methods and datasets will help achieve this goal. At the same time, it is important to assess and appreciate the strengths and weaknesses of the expanding network of available proxy records.

  16. Editorial Note

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-02-01

    As from January 2016, Dr. Andrew Barry and Dr. Andrea Rinaldo have retired as Editors of Advances in Water Resources. Dr Barry has been a long serving Editor for 14 years, beginning this role on January 1, 2002. During this time he has served the science community with dedication, commitment, and diligence while bringing to the journal a strong vision and a wealth of knowledge that has tremendously improved the visibility and impact of Advances in Water Resources. Throughout this period he has also broadened the scope of the journal by adapting to the new emerging needs of the field through proactively seeking and promoting numerous special issues, which have now become a hallmark of the journal. The importance of obtaining high quality reviews and timeliness in decision-making, have always been a priority under Dr Barry's Editorship. It is clear that Advances in Water Resources and the community which it serves, has benefited enormously under Andrew's tenure and we will miss his energy, enthusiasm and passion for hydrologic science.

  17. Guest Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alagarsamy, Perumal; Srinivasan, Ananthakrishnan; Pandian, Subramanian

    2014-09-01

    Magnetic materials play a vital role in technologies ranging from those concerning the day-to-day life of man to special applications in nuclear, space, defense and health sectors. Despite several notable developments in theoretical and experimental fronts in the area of magnetism and magnetic materials and the ever increasing number of researchers and engineers actively engaged in these topics, only a few international conferences are being organized in these topics in Asia. To address this lacuna, the second edition of International Conference on Magnetic Materials and Applications - 2013 (MagMA-2013) was jointly hosted and organized by Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG) under the auspicious of Magnetics Society of India (MSI). MagMA-2013 devoted special sessions for (A) Soft and Hard Magnetic Materials and their Applications, (B) Magnetic Thin Films, Particles and Nanostructures, (C) Magnetic Recording, Memories, and Spintronics, (D) Strongly Correlated Electron System, (E) Fundamental Magnetic Properties and Cooperative Phenomena, (F) Novel Magnetic Materials and Device Applications, (G) Magnet Industry - Product and Marketing and (H) Interdisciplinary Topics in Magnetism. These sessions included plenary and invited talks by speakers drawn from the international arena who shared their expertise and experiences on recent developments in various topics such as (1) conventional (bulk and powder metallurgy processed) soft and hard magnetic materials, (2) novel forms (nanostructured, particulate/granular, composite, thin film and multilayered films) of soft and hard magnetic materials and their hybrids, (3) sensors and actuators based on magnetoresistive, magnetostrictive, magnetoelastic and magnetoimpedance materials, (4) magnetic storage and its trends, (5) multi-disciplinary area of bio-magnetism and applications of magnetic materials in medicine, (6) newly emerging interdisciplinary topics in magnetism and (7) recent progress in theoretical and computational techniques in magnetism.

  18. Joint editorial: Fostering innovation and improving impact assessment for journal publications in hydrology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koutsoyiannis, Demetris; Blöschl, Günter; Bárdossy, András.; Cudennec, Christophe; Hughes, Denis; Montanari, Alberto; Neuweiler, Insa; Savenije, Hubert

    2016-04-01

    Editors of several journals in the field of hydrology met during the Assembly of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences—IAHS (within the Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics—IUGG) in Prague in June 2015. This event was a follow-up of a similar meeting held in July 2013 in Gothenburg (as reported by Blöschl et al. [2014]). These meetings enable the group of editors to review the current status of the journals and the publication process, and share thoughts on future strategies. Journals were represented in the 2015 meeting through their editors, as shown in the list of authors. The main points on fostering innovation and improving impact assessment in journal publications in hydrology are communicated in this joint editorial published in the above journals.

  19. Commentary on the new sex and gender editorial policy of the Canadian Journal of Public Health.

    PubMed

    Gahagan, Jacqueline

    2016-08-15

    While the concepts of both "sex" and "gender" are widely recognized as important considerations in health research, the presence of these and other key determinants of health in research findings remains quite variable in the published literature. In an effort to close this knowledge gap in relation to the implications of both sex and gender in the public health research evidence base, the Canadian Journal of Public Health (CJPH) has recently adopted an editorial policy requiring authors to ensure that their manuscripts speak to these concepts, where applicable. In keeping with the international trend in sex and gender reporting in health research, the aim of this policy shift is for CJPH to continue to advance excellence in the field of public health research, policy and practice in Canada and internationally.

  20. Editorial: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a continuing challenge to researchers, practitioners and carers.

    PubMed

    Lesch, Klaus-Peter

    2015-06-01

    This editorial introduces a collection of research papers and a review on ADHD, highlighting the continuing challenge that ADHD poses in research and practice. The articles include a Practitioner Review providing a comprehensive review focusing on current knowledge about barriers and facilitators operating at the individual, organisational and societal level; a study reporting a randomised controlled trial of parent training for ADHD pre-schoolers; an empirical paper on sex differences in ADHD symptom severity; a study of the co-development of ADHD and externalizing behaviour across the lifespan; a study of the genetic architecture of neurocognitive abilities in the general population; and finally a study examining the differential association among three behavioural dimensions leading to early-onset conduct problems.

  1. Joint editorial - Fostering innovation and improving impact assessment for journal publications in hydrology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koutsoyiannis, Demetris; Blöschl, Günter; Bárdossy, András; Cudennec, Christophe; Hughes, Denis; Montanari, Alberto; Neuweiler, Insa; Savenije, Hubert

    2016-06-01

    Editors from several journals in the field of hydrology met during the Assembly of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences-IAHS (within the Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics-IUGG) in Prague in June 2015. This event was a follow-up of a similar meeting in July 2013 in Gothenburg (as reported by Blöschl et al. (2014)). In these meetings the group of editors reviewed the current status of the journals and the publication process, and shared thoughts on future strategies. Journals were represented in the meeting through their editors, as shown in the list of authors. The main points on fostering innovation and improving impact assessment in journal publications in hydrology are communicated in this joint editorial published in journals that participated in the meeting.

  2. Are Psychology Journals Anti-replication? A Snapshot of Editorial Practices

    PubMed Central

    Martin, G. N.; Clarke, Richard M.

    2017-01-01

    Recent research in psychology has highlighted a number of replication problems in the discipline, with publication bias – the preference for publishing original and positive results, and a resistance to publishing negative results and replications- identified as one reason for replication failure. However, little empirical research exists to demonstrate that journals explicitly refuse to publish replications. We reviewed the instructions to authors and the published aims of 1151 psychology journals and examined whether they indicated that replications were permitted and accepted. We also examined whether journal practices differed across branches of the discipline, and whether editorial practices differed between low and high impact journals. Thirty three journals (3%) stated in their aims or instructions to authors that they accepted replications. There was no difference between high and low impact journals. The implications of these findings for psychology are discussed. PMID:28443044

  3. Editorial and Introduction of the Special Issue for the Ninth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies in the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

    SciTech Connect

    Dooley, James J.; Benson, Sally M.; Karimjee, Anhar; Rubin, Edward S.

    2010-03-01

    Short one page editorial to introduce the +30 peer reviewed papers contained within the Special Issue for the Ninth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies in the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

  4. Psychology's public image in "Topics of the Times": commentary from the editorial page of the New York Times between 1904 and 1947.

    PubMed

    Dennis, Paul M

    2002-01-01

    Between 1904 and 1947, the New York Times published in a section of its editorial page, "Topics of the Times," 196 commentaries on psychology. Prior to World War I, the majority of editorials centered on Hugo Münsterberg; psychological topics most frequently examined after the war were the mental test, child rearing advice, and psychoanalysis. Although the Times was enthusiastic in its support for psychology in the years immediately before and after World War I, editorial opinion soon turned negative. Critical of psychology for promising more than it could deliver, being inconsistent in its assertions over time, and not rising above the level of common sense, Times editorials weighed heavily on the side of undermining, rather than promoting, psychology's credibility from the late 1920s to 1940s.

  5. Misconduct, Marginality and Editorial Practices in Management, Business and Economics Journals.

    PubMed

    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz; Berggren, Christian

    2016-01-01

    The paper presents data on the two problems of misconduct and marginality in management, business and economics (MBE) journals and their practices to combat these problems. Data was collected in three phases. First, all publicly retracted papers in MBE journals were identified through keywords searches in 7 major databases (n = 1329 journals). Second, a focused survey was distributed to editors involved in such retractions (n = 64; response rate = 28%). Finally, a survey was administered to all active journals in the seven databases to collect data on editors' perceptions and practices related to the two problems (n = 937, response rate = 31.8%). Frequency analyses, cross tabulations, and qualitative analyses of open answers were used to examine the data. 184 retracted papers in MBE journals were identified in 2005-2015 (no retraction was found before 2005). From 2005-2007 to 2012-2015, the number of retractions increased by a factor ten with an all-time high in 2015. The survey to journals with reported retractions illustrates how already a few cases of suspected misconduct put a strain on the editorial workload. The survey to all active journals revealed that 42% of the respondents had started to use software to screen all submitted papers, and that a majority recognized the problem of marginality, as indicated by salami-style submissions. According to some editors, reviewers easily spot such submissions whereas others argued that authors may submit thinly sliced papers in parallel to several journals, which means that this practice is only discovered post-publication. The survey question on ways to support creative contributions stimulated a rich response of ideas regarding editorial vision, engaged boards and developmental approaches. The study uses data from three specialized fields, but its findings may be highly relevant to many journals in the social sciences.

  6. Misconduct, Marginality and Editorial Practices in Management, Business and Economics Journals

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The paper presents data on the two problems of misconduct and marginality in management, business and economics (MBE) journals and their practices to combat these problems. Design Data was collected in three phases. First, all publicly retracted papers in MBE journals were identified through keywords searches in 7 major databases (n = 1329 journals). Second, a focused survey was distributed to editors involved in such retractions (n = 64; response rate = 28%). Finally, a survey was administered to all active journals in the seven databases to collect data on editors’ perceptions and practices related to the two problems (n = 937, response rate = 31.8%). Frequency analyses, cross tabulations, and qualitative analyses of open answers were used to examine the data. Results 184 retracted papers in MBE journals were identified in 2005–2015 (no retraction was found before 2005). From 2005–2007 to 2012–2015, the number of retractions increased by a factor ten with an all-time high in 2015. The survey to journals with reported retractions illustrates how already a few cases of suspected misconduct put a strain on the editorial workload. The survey to all active journals revealed that 42% of the respondents had started to use software to screen all submitted papers, and that a majority recognized the problem of marginality, as indicated by salami-style submissions. According to some editors, reviewers easily spot such submissions whereas others argued that authors may submit thinly sliced papers in parallel to several journals, which means that this practice is only discovered post-publication. The survey question on ways to support creative contributions stimulated a rich response of ideas regarding editorial vision, engaged boards and developmental approaches. The study uses data from three specialized fields, but its findings may be highly relevant to many journals in the social sciences. PMID:27454761

  7. Editorial - A Matter of Quality of Life, of DOBEs and MEEPs, of Appropriate Recognition, of Targeted Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heck, Andre

    2013-01-01

    This editorial presents the book as a continuation of the first volume, both OPSA volumes being themselves in the line, with more emphasis on people, of the earlier prize-winning series "Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy (OSA)", the seven volumes of which described how astronomy research lives: how it is planned, funded and organized, how it interacts with other disciplines and the rest of the world, how it communicates, etc. All those books are a unique medium for scientists and non-scientists (sometimes from outside astronomy) to describe their experience, often for the first time at such a level, on non-purely scientific matters, many of them of fundamental importance for the efficient conduct astronomy-related activities. The editorial tackles also issues regarding ethics and management of people, stressing the need for managers with ad hoc training and a long-term vision of the role of astronomers towards the society at large.

  8. [American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2011 essential data: the editorial board of the Bulletin du Cancer point of view].

    PubMed

    Vignot, Stéphane; Bay, Jacques-Olivier; Blay, Jean-Yves; Gonçalves, Anthony; Massard, Christophe; Thariat, Juliette; Wislez, Marie; André, Thierry

    2011-12-01

    Many data are presented each year during the American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting, redrawing the state of knowledge in oncology and hematology. This article proposed by the editorial board of the Bulletin du Cancer proposes to discuss new information with a drop of a few months with the aim of trying to identify the results that can have an immediate or future impact on clinical practice.

  9. Ethnobotany in Rayones, Nuevo León, México

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Trough collections of plants and interviews with 110 individuals, an ethnobotanical study was conducted in order to determine the knowledge and use plant species in Rayones, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. The aim of this study was to record all useful plants and their uses, to know whether differences exist in the knowledge about the number of species and uses between women and men, and to know if there is a correlation between the age of individuals and knowledge of species and their uses. Methods A total of 110 persons were interviewed (56 men, 56 women). Semistructured interviews were carried out. The data were analyzed by means of Student t test and the Pearson Correlation Coeficient. Results A total of 252 species, 228 genera and 91 families of vascular plants were recorded. Astraceae, Fabaceae and are the most important families with useful species and Agave and Opuntia are the genera with the highest number of useful species. One hundred and thirty six species are considered as medicinal. Agave, Acacia and Citrus are the genera with the highest number of medicinal species. Other uses includes edible, spiritual rituals, construction and ornamentals. There was a non-significant correlation between the person’s age and number of species, but a significant very low negative correlation between the person’s age and number of uses was found. Conclusions Knowing their medicinal uses is an important issue for the people of Rayones. Boiling and preparing infusions are the main ways of using plants by residents. The leaves, the branches, and the fruits are the most commonly used parts. Almost 18% of the flora is used for wood and construction purposes. Several uses such as cosmetic, shampoo, firming skin tonics and health hair products recorded in Rayones has not been reported for other areas in the state of Nuevo León. In Rayones, women have a greater knowledge about plants and their uses than men, particularly, medicinal plants, but, men have a greater

  10. Representations of people with HIV and hepatitis C in editorials of medical journals: discourses and interdiscursive relations.

    PubMed

    Körner, Henrike; Treloar, Carla

    2006-01-01

    HIV and hepatitis C are blood-borne viruses that cause chronic diseases and affect (in parts of the developed world) predominantly groups that are marginalized and discriminated against: gay men and injecting drug users, respectively. This paper compares the representation of people with HIV and hepatitis C in editorials of medical journals between 1989 and 2001. Analysis is informed by critical discourse analysis and systemic functional linguistics. Hepatitis C editorials draw almost exclusively on the discourse of biomedicine, and patients are either absent or objects in medical procedures. In HIV editorials, a variety of other discourses are integrated into the discourse of biomedicine, thereby creating multidimensional representations of people with HIV as patients and agents in medical procedures, involved in decision making, affected by economic factors, social and cultural issues. The paper discusses the role of the gay community in discursive change and argues that discursive diversity in the representation of people infected with HIV and hepatitis C in medical journals is necessary for health policy, the professional development of healthcare providers, and media reporting to the general public.

  11. El bosque estatal del nuevo milenio antes y después del huracán Georges

    Treesearch

    A.E. Lugo; E. Román Nunci; M. Quinones; H. Marcano Vega; I. Vicéns

    2005-01-01

    We studied changes that occurred between 1997 and 2005 on a secondary wet subtropical urban forest in the University of Puerto Rico’s Botanical Garden (Bosque Estatal del Nuevo Milenio). Hurricane Georges passed south of the forest on November 21, 1998 with 127 km/h winds. The study consisted of identifying species in 40 plots of 254 m2 each, measuring the diameter at...

  12. Prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in dogs and small mammals in Nuevo León, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Galaviz-Silva, Lucio; Mercado-Hernández, Roberto; Zárate-Ramos, José J; Molina-Garza, Zinnia J

    Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is an important public health concern in areas extending from South America northward into the southern United States of America. Although this hemoflagellate has many wild and domestic mammalians reported as reservoir hosts, studies on this subject are scarce in Nuevo León state, a region located in northeastern Mexico. This cross-sectional study showed that the general prevalence of T. cruzi infection in Nuevo León state was 14.5% (35/241), this percentage matching the ones determined by PCR and traditional diagnostics. Localities and infected mammals did not significantly differ (χ(2)=6.098, p=0.192); however the number of infected animals was highly correlated with mammalian species (p=0.009). Striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis) were found to be the most infected overall (11/34, 32.3%), while dogs (Canis familiaris) had the lowest prevalence. In conclusion, although the prevalence of T. cruzi infection in small mammals was lower in Nuevo León than in other states of Mexico, our results provide new locality records, including striped skunks, opossums (Didelphis marsupialis) and dogs, and extend the recorded area to woodrats (Neotoma micropus). Copyright © 2017 Asociación Argentina de Microbiología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  13. EDITORIAL: STAM celebrates its 10th anniversary STAM celebrates its 10th anniversary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ushioda, Sukekatsu

    2010-02-01

    I would like to extend my warmest greetings to the readers and staff of Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (STAM), on the occasion of its 10th anniversary. Launched in 2000, STAM marks this year an important milestone in its history. This is a great occasion to celebrate. STAM was founded by Tsuyoshi Masumoto in collaboration with Teruo Kishi and Toyonobu Yoshida as a world-class resource for the materials science community. It was initially supported by several materials research societies and was published as a regular peer-reviewed journal. Significant changes occurred in 2008, when the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) became solely responsible for all the costs of maintaining the journal. STAM was transformed into an open-access journal published by NIMS in partnership with IOP Publishing. As a result, the publication charges were waived and the entire STAM content, including all back issues, became freely accessible through the IOP Publishing website. The transition has made STAM more competitive and successful in global publication communities, with innovative ideas and approaches. The journal has also changed its publication strategy, aiming to publish a limited number of high-quality articles covering the frontiers of materials science. Special emphasis has been placed on reviews and focus issues, providing recent summaries of hot materials science topics. Publication has become electronic only; however, selected issues are printed and freely distributed at major international scientific events. The Editorial Board has been expanded to include leading experts from all over the world and, together with the Editorial Office, the board members are doing their best to transform STAM into a leading materials science journal. These efforts are paying off, as shown by the rapidly increasing number of article downloads and citations in 2009. I believe that the STAM audience can not only deepen their knowledge in their own specialties but

  14. EDITORIAL: Thermophysical Properties of High Temperature Melts—The Use of Microgravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hibiya, Taketoshi; Egry, Ivan

    2005-02-01

    of thermophysical property measurements in microgravity. All the authors are internationally accepted experts in the improvement and application of these methods. We are indebted to them for their careful and authoritative contributions. It is also a pleasure to thank the editorial staff of the journal for their competent and effective support throughout the editorial process. Of course, we cannot claim completeness, and we apologise to those who feel that their important contributions have not been included. However, we have tried to provide the reader with an indication of present trends in this field and its potential for future applications.

  15. EDITORIAL: New Editor-in-Chief for Nanotechnology New Editor-in-Chief for Nanotechnology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Couzin, Nina

    2009-01-01

    Nanotechnology is proud to announce the appointment of Professor Mark Reed, Yale University, as the new Editor-in-Chief from January 2009. Mark Reed holds the Harold Hodgkinson Chair of Engineering and Applied Science at Yale University. He has made significant contributions in the areas of quantum dots, electronic transport in nanoscale and mesoscopic systems, artificially structured materials and devices, and molecular electronics. Professor Reed has been associated with the journal as an Editorial Board member for a number of years and we are delighted that he has agreed to take on the scientific leadership of the journal in its 20th year. We also take the opportunity to thank Professor Mark Welland, Cambridge University, for his work as Editor-in-Chief since 2001, and for presiding over the re-launch and remarkable growth of the journal since then. Nanotechnology is unique in that it was the first peer-reviewed journal in the area of nanoscience, the first issue appearing in 1990. Since then it has established a distinguished publication record and has become a leading journal covering all aspects of nanoscale science and technology, as well as specializing in in-depth, comprehensive articles not seen in letter format journals. Published weekly and featuring subject sections, the journal is truly multidisciplinary in nature and is an excellent medium to quickly deliver your research results to readers worldwide. Nanotechnology is proud to be offering some of the fastest publication times around (less than three months on average from receipt to online publication). We offer free online access to all published papers for 30 days, ensuring that anyone with access to the internet will be able to read your paper. We were also the first journal to give our authors the opportunity to communicate their research to a wider audience through nanotechweb.org and other IOP websites. See the journal's homepage at www.iop.org/Journals/nano for more details. We are looking

  16. Ethnobotany in the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park, Nuevo León, México.

    PubMed

    Estrada, Eduardo; Villarreal, José A; Cantú, César; Cabral, Ismael; Scott, Laura; Yen, Carmen

    2007-01-30

    An ethnobotanical study in the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park (CMNP), Nuevo Leon, Mexico was conducted. In spite of the large area (1,773.7 km2), heterogeneous physiography, contrasting plant communities and high species diversity of the CMNP, very little was previously known about its useful plants. Based on 95 interviews with inhabitants of the region who were 35 years old or older, we recorded ethnobotanical data of 240 species (comprising 170 genera and 69 botanical families), and 146 different uses. Most of the cited uses (98) were found to be medicinal ones. Ninety five inhabitants 35 years old and oldest were interviewed to know what are the main plant uses in the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park. Two hundred and forty species, 170 genera, and 69 families of useful plants and 146 different uses were recorded. We found most of the uses to be medicinal (98), while the rest (48) represent various purposes. Herbaceous plants are the most used, followed by shrubs and trees.

  17. [Prevalence of hymenoptera sting allergy in veterinary medicine students from Monterey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico].

    PubMed

    Arias Cruz, Alfredo; Monsiváis Toscano, Gina; Gallardo Martínez, Gabriela; González Díaz, Sandra Nora; Galindo Rodríguez, Gabriela

    2007-01-01

    The reported prevalence of allergic systemic reactions to hymenoptera venom occur in up to 3.3% and large local reactions occur in 17% in the general population. To investigate the prevalence of hymenoptera sting allergy in a group of veterinary medicine students from Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. A transverse and observational study was done with 64 students of veterinary medicine. We conducted a questionnaire about the students' history of insect allergy and atopy. Skin test with allergenic extracts of bee and ant were practiced to all subjects. We performed aeroallergen skin prick test to the subjets with suspected atopy. Students age ranged from 17 to 25 years (mean 20.2) and 37 were males. Twenty students (31.3%) had clinical history of atopy and positive skin tests to aeroallergens. On the other hand, 5 students (7.8%), including 2 atopic, had suffered large local reactions, but none of them had suffered systemic reactions. Bee and ant skin tests were positive in 15.6% and 31.3% of the students respectively. There was no difference in the prevalence of hymenoptera allergy between atopic and non atopic subjects (p < 0.05). Further, the frequency of atopy in subjects with positive skin tests for bee and ant was 50%. The prevalence of large local reactions and hymenoptera sensitization found in this group was similar to that found in other epidemiologic studies.

  18. Analysis of the dispersion of air pollutants from a factory Asphalt in Nuevo Vallarta, Nay., Mex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carrillo-Gonzalez, F. M.; Gaitán-Rodríguez, M.; Cornejo-López, V. M.; Morales-Hernández, J. C.

    2013-12-01

    An asphalt factory has operated intermittently near the urban area of Nuevo Vallarta on Banderas Bay, Nayarit, Mex. This factory has emissions that can affect the health of people living in the colonies nearest are Valle Dorado and San Vicente. The dispersion of emissions depends on the wind (sea breeze-land breeze) and the roof of the inversion, these phenomena determined by the density and temperature of the lower layers of the atmosphere. Asphalts are dark colored binder materials, formed by a complex non-volatile hydrocarbon chains and high molecular weight. Asphalts are produced from petroleum, but by a process of evaporation of the volatiles, leaving the asphalt alone. Therefore, the material emitted by the fireplace are mainly low molecular weight hydrocarbons known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The Emergency Response Guide 2008 developed by various agencies in Canada, U.S. and Mexico mentions that the hydrocarbon gas can have health effects. Animal studies have shown that PAHs can cause harmful effects to the skin, body fluids and some PAHs are carcinogenic. An analysis of the wind field, monthly and seasonal averages for the years 2010 and 2011, recorded in AWS administered by the CEMCO and other stations located near the study area.

  19. [Diagnosis of health needs of the elderly population of a community of Puerto Nuevo].

    PubMed

    Ramírez Cordero, B M; Figueroa Negrón, C; Pérez Vigo, M C; Anadón Vázquez, D; Oliver Vázquez, M

    2000-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the health needs of the non-institutionalized population, 65 years and over, residing in a sector of the community of Puerto Nuevo. This was the first urbanization established in Puerto Rico in the early 50's. The "snowball" technique was use to identify all the residents 65 year and over of the mentioned sector. Eighty five elderly persons were interviewed to gather data of the following variables: demographics, health conditions, preventive measures, activities of daily living (ADLs, IADLs), health services utilization, psychosocial aspects and use of programs and services available for the elderly population. Statistical analysis included descriptive measures and chi-square. Results revealed a population with a higher education and economic level than the average for this age group in Puerto Rico. People over 75 years over reported more functional limitations than the 65-74 years interviewees did. In comparison with men, women were less educated and presented a higher percent of widows, persons living alone and functional limitations. In almost all the interviewees, help was available in case of need. The majority expressed satisfaction with their family and social lives. Very few utilized programs and services available for elderly persons. It is concluded that in order to improve their quality of life, this population needs to be managed in an holistic mode to address their biopsychosocial needs and to be educated in health promotion issues to prevent further functional limitations. They also need education about the available services for elderly persons.

  20. Peer-review and editorial process of the Ethiopian Medical Journal: ten years assessment of the status of submitted manuscripts.

    PubMed

    Enquselassie, Fikre

    2013-04-01

    The Ethiopian Medical Journal (EMJ) is a peer-reviewed journal, now 50 years old. Many medical journals, including EMJ, follow a peer review system that has evolved from the 18th century process for reviewing submitted manuscripts. However, not much is known about peer review and editorial processes by many authors who submit manuscripts to the EMJ. To describe procedures related to EMJ peer-review and editorial decision making and asses the status of manuscripts submitted to the journal in the ten year period between 2001 and 2010. All the minutes of the editorial board meetings of the ten years period 2001-2010 and relevant documents were reviewed. The minutes have details including date of submission, dates to and from reviewers, date of decision, number of assigned peer reviewers and comments given by reviewers for each submitted manuscript. The length of time took in the processes and the decision made (accepted or rejected) for each submitted manuscript was calculated from the dates. All submitted manuscripts passed through three stages: internal per-review by an editorial board member, external peer review by selected reviewers and final editing stage by an assigned editorial member. A total of 615 manuscripts were submitted to EMJ in the ten years period 2001-2010. Five hundred and one (82.7%) manuscripts were accepted for publication by peer reviewers, while 74 (12.2%) were rejected and 31 (5.1%) were withdrawn. Acceptance was lowest among original articles (81.3%) followed by teaching or review articles (84.3%) and case reports (89.3%). Thirty-two (8.4%) manuscripts were accepted within 6 months following submission and 50% were accepted within in one year of submission. About 6% of manuscripts were delayed for more than two years with a maximum delay of 43 months. Even though, there is a decline trend on the delay of processing manuscripts, EMJ has long to go in order to improve the quality of the journal and shorten the slow peer review process

  1. Modular thinking can merge editorial and manufacturing cultures in magazine production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koulouvari, Panagiota; Rosenqvist, Christopher

    1999-08-01

    The rapid development of the magazine industry in Sweden has stressed the importance of modular thinking. However, using modular thinking in the magazine architecture is not yet established in the magazine industry despite the need for shorter lead-time and improved content quality. A magazine production can be divided into two phases; the editorial phase and the manufacturing phase. Surprisingly the two different phases are seldom synchronized even if they co- operate on the same product. The aim of this research was to evaluate the use of modular thinking in the product and focus on its manufacturability as well as its influence on relationships between the corporate cultures of the two phases. The company culture is often mirrored in the product and in the manufacturing process. In this research we further develop the results from two previous projects where it was concluded that the magazine's product architecture regulates the work flow speed and that the company's culture is a dynamic factor which both affects and is affected by the product. The theoretical analysis shows that a magazine can successfully be re-designed, integrating both manufacturability and layout in the product architecture. The degree of modularity in the product architecture determines the performance of three parameters: lead-time, quality of the content and the level of relationships between the two corporate cultures.

  2. EDITORIAL: Outgoing Editor-in-Chief Outgoing Editor-in-Chief

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hauptmann, Peter

    2012-01-01

    I started in 2002 as Editor-in-Chief of a well established journal—MST (Measurement Science and Technology). It was a time when modern means of communication offered new opportunities for the scientific community—for all scientists and engineers whether at universities, in industry or at other institutions—to access better quality information in a shorter time. This development helped us to be more efficient in our daily scientific work and to anticipate new trends faster than before. A flood of information was created by different search engines. A few online journals or journals published in emerging countries with a similar profile to MST appeared on the market. MST had to provide new answers in response to these developments. In 2002 I postulated two requirements to the journal. Firstly, the publisher has to be up to date. My impression over the years has been that IOPP is excellently organized. That has made it easier for the board members and all our reviewers to concentrate on the scientific aspects of our input to the journal. During all my visits to Bristol or my contacts with the IOPP staff I always met very professional and enthusiastic staff members. They have not only supported and encouraged the ideas and initiatives of the Editorial Board members, but they have also worked hard on establishing one of the most effective journal operations in the field of measurement science and technology. Many authors are well aware of this. Thus I am able to declare that the first requirement for a successful journal has been met. Secondly, the scientific level has to be high and the journal should attract readers from all over the world. This task was the responsibility of the Editorial Board members and of myself. Our strategy was on the one hand to ensure continuity in MST but on the other hand to be open to new trends and developments. Examples of these new aspects of the journal are fields like micro- and nanometrology, measurement techniques for

  3. Mathematical Psychology: Prospects For The 21st Century1: A Guest Editorial

    PubMed Central

    Townsend, James T.

    2008-01-01

    The twenty-first century is certainly in progress by now, but hardly well underway. Therefore, I will take that modest elasticity in concept as a frame for this essay. This frame will serve as background for some of my hopes and gripes about contemporary psychology and mathematical psychology’s place therein. It will also act as platform for earnest, if wistful thoughts about what might have (and perhaps can still) aid us in forwarding our agenda and what I see as some of the promising avenues for the future. I loosely structure the essay into a section about mathematical psychology in the context of psychology at large and then a section devoted to prospects within mathematical psychology proper. The essay can perhaps be considered as in a similar spirit, although differing in content, to previous editorial-like reviews of general or specific aspects of mathematical psychology such as Estes (1975), Falmagne (2005), Luce (1997) that have appeared in this journal. PMID:19802342

  4. Editors’ Perspectives on Enhancing Manuscript Quality and Editorial Decisions Through Peer Review and Reviewer Development

    PubMed Central

    Janke, Kristin K.; Traynor, Andrew P.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives. To identify peer reviewer and peer review characteristics that enhance manuscript quality and editorial decisions, and to identify valuable elements of peer reviewer training programs. Methods. A three-school, 15-year review of pharmacy practice and pharmacy administration faculty’s publications was conducted to identify high-publication volume journals for inclusion. Editors-in-chief identified all editors managing manuscripts for participation. A three-round modified Delphi process was used. Rounds advanced from open-ended questions regarding actions and attributes of good reviewers to consensus-seeking and clarifying questions related to quality, importance, value, and priority. Results. Nineteen editors representing eight pharmacy journals participated. Three characteristics of reviews were rated required or helpful in enhancing manuscript quality by all respondents: includes a critical analysis of the manuscript (88% required, 12% helpful), includes feedback that contains both strengths and areas of improvement (53% required, 47% helpful), and speaks to the manuscript’s utility in the literature (41% required, 59% helpful). Hands-on experience with review activities (88%) and exposure to good and bad reviews (88%) were identified as very valuable to peer reviewer development. Conclusion. Reviewers, individuals involved in faculty development, and journals should work to assist new reviewers in defining focused areas of expertise, building knowledge in these areas, and developing critical analysis skills. PMID:28630514

  5. Editorial political cartoons in Australia: social representations & and the visual depiction of essentialism.

    PubMed

    Moloney, Gail; Holtz, Peter; Wagner, Wolfgang

    2013-06-01

    Six million migrants from over 170 countries have resettled in Australia since 1945 ensuring religious diversity is now a hallmark of Australia's population. However, not all religious groups are perceived in the same way. In this paper, we explore how representational processes differentially essentialise religious groups, in particular how some groups are ascribed an underlying nature that irrevocably defines who they are and how they will behave, whilst other groups are conveyed merely as coherent entities with similarity in goals and structure. We elucidate this through an analysis of the depiction of religious markers in Australian Editorial political cartoons. We mirror the near-exclusive focus on the Muslim and Christian religions, in the religious cartoons we sampled, to present an analysis of 6 exemplar cartoons. Drawing from visual analysis techniques (van Leeuwen 2001) and social representations theory (Moscovici 1984) we highlight how essentialist perceptions of religious groups are unwittingly fostered in everyday media communications. We discuss the implications of our analysis for the transnationalisation of religion.

  6. NCI's Physician Data Query (PDQ®) cancer information summaries: history, editorial processes, influence, and reach.

    PubMed

    Manrow, Richard E; Beckwith, Margaret; Johnson, Lenora E

    2014-03-01

    In the National Cancer Act of 1971, the Director of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) was given a mandate to "Collect, analyze, and disseminate all data useful in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer, including the establishment of an International Cancer Research Data Bank (ICRDB) to collect, catalog, store, and disseminate insofar as feasible the results of cancer research undertaken in any country for the use of any person involved in cancer research in any country" (National Cancer Act of 1971, S 1828, 92nd Congress, 1st Sess (1971)). In subsequent legislation, the audience for NCI's information dissemination activities was expanded to include physicians and other healthcare professionals, patients and their families, and the general public, in addition to cancer researchers. The Institute's response to these legislative requirements was to create what is now known as the Physician Data Query (PDQ®) cancer information database. From its beginnings in 1977 as a database of NCI-sponsored cancer clinical trials, PDQ has grown to include extensive information about cancer treatment, screening, prevention, supportive and palliative care, genetics, drugs, and more. Herein, we describe the history, editorial processes, influence, and global reach of one component of the PDQ database, namely its evidence-based cancer information summaries for health professionals. These summaries are widely recognized as important cancer information and education resources, and they further serve as foundational documents for the development of other cancer information products by NCI and other organizations.

  7. Bayesian hypothesis testing: Editorial to the Special Issue on Bayesian data analysis.

    PubMed

    Hoijtink, Herbert; Chow, Sy-Miin

    2017-06-01

    In the past 20 years, there has been a steadily increasing attention and demand for Bayesian data analysis across multiple scientific disciplines, including psychology. Bayesian methods and the related Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling techniques offered renewed ways of handling old and challenging new problems that may be difficult or impossible to handle using classical approaches. Yet, such opportunities and potential improvements have not been sufficiently explored and investigated. This is 1 of 2 special issues in Psychological Methods dedicated to the topic of Bayesian data analysis, with an emphasis on Bayesian hypothesis testing, model comparison, and general guidelines for applications in psychology. In this editorial, we provide an overview of the use of Bayesian methods in psychological research and a brief history of the Bayes factor and the posterior predictive p value. Translational abstracts that summarize the articles in this issue in very clear and understandable terms are included in the Appendix. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  8. Electronic submission of academic works: a survey of current editorial practices of radiologic journals.

    PubMed

    Jackson, G W; Davidson, H C; Wiggins, R H; Harnsberger, H R

    2001-06-01

    Computers are nearly ubiquitous in academic medicine, and authors create and compile much of their work in the electronic environment, yet the process of manuscript submission often fails to utilize the advantages of electronic communication. The purpose of this report is to review the submission policies of major academic journals in the field of radiology and assess current editorial practices relating to electronic submission of academic works. The authors surveyed 16 radiologic journals that are indexed in the Index Medicus and available in our medical center library. They compared the manuscript submission policies of these journals as outlined in recent issues of the journals and the corresponding worldwide web sites. The authors compared the journals on the following criteria: web site access to instructions; electronic submission of text, both with regard to initial submission and final submission of the approved document; text hardcopy requirements; word processing software restrictions; electronic submission of figures, figure hardcopy requirements; figure file format restrictions; and electronic submission media. Although the trend seems to be toward electronic submission, there currently is no clear-cut standard of practice. Because all of the journals that accept electronic documents also require a hardcopy, many of the advantages gained through electronic submission are nullified. In addition, many publishers only utilize electronic documents after a manuscript has been accepted, thus utilizing the benefits of digital information in the printing process but not in the actual submission and peer-review process.

  9. Peer review versus editorial review and their role in innovative science.

    PubMed

    Steinhauser, Georg; Adlassnig, Wolfram; Risch, Jesaka Ahau; Anderlini, Serena; Arguriou, Petros; Armendariz, Aaron Zolen; Bains, William; Baker, Clark; Barnes, Martin; Barnett, Jonathan; Baumgartner, Michael; Baumgartner, Thomas; Bendall, Charles A; Bender, Yvonne S; Bichler, Max; Biermann, Teresa; Bini, Ronaldo; Blanco, Eduardo; Bleau, John; Brink, Anthony; Brown, Darin; Burghuber, Christopher; Calne, Roy; Carter, Brian; Castaño, Cesar; Celec, Peter; Celis, Maria Eugenia; Clarke, Nicky; Cockrell, David; Collins, David; Coogan, Brian; Craig, Jennifer; Crilly, Cal; Crowe, David; Csoka, Antonei B; Darwich, Chaza; Del Kebos, Topiciprin; Derinaldi, Michele; Dlamini, Bongani; Drewa, Tomasz; Dwyer, Michael; Eder, Fabienne; de Palma, Raúl Ehrichs; Esmay, Dean; Rött, Catherine Evans; Exley, Christopher; Falkov, Robin; Farber, Celia Ingrid; Fearn, William; Felsmann, Sophie; Flensmark, Jarl; Fletcher, Andrew K; Foster, Michaela; Fountoulakis, Kostas N; Fouratt, Jim; Blanca, Jesus Garcia; Sotelo, Manuel Garrido; Gittler, Florian; Gittler, Georg; Gomez, Juan; Gomez, Juan F; Polar, Maria Grazia Gonzales; Gonzalez, Jossina; Gösselsberger, Christoph; Habermacher, Lynn; Hajek, Michael; Hakala, Faith; Haliburton, Mary-Sue; Hankins, John Robert; Hart, Jason; Hasslberger, Sepp; Hennessey, Donalyn; Herrmann, Andrea; Hersee, Mike; Howard, Connie; Humphries, Suzanne; Isharc, Laeeth; Ivanovski, Petar; Jenuth, Stephen; Jerndal, Jens; Johnson, Christine; Keleta, Yonas; Kenny, Anna; Kidd, Billie; Kohle, Fritz; Kolahi, Jafar; Koller-Peroutka, Marianne; Kostova, Lyubov; Kumar, Arunachalam; Kurosawa, Alejandro; Lance, Tony; Lechermann, Michael; Lendl, Bernhard; Leuchters, Michael; Lewis, Evan; Lieb, Edward; Lloyd, Gloria; Losek, Angelika; Lu, Yao; Maestracci, Saadia; Mangan, Dennis; Mares, Alberto W; Barnett, Juan Mazar; McClain, Valerie; McNair, John Sydney; Michael, Terry; Miller, Lloyd; Monzani, Partizia; Moran, Belen; Morris, Mike; Mößmer, Georg; Mountain, Johny; Phuthe, Onnie Mary Moyo; Muñoz, Marcos; Nakken, Sheri; Wambui, Anne Nduta; Neunteufl, Bettina; Nikolić, Dimitrije; Oberoi, Devesh V; Obmode, Gregory; Ogar, Laura; Ohara, Jo; Rybine, Naion Olej; Owen, Bryan; Owen, Kim Wilson; Parikh, Rakesh; Pearce, Nicholas J G; Pemmer, Bernhard; Piper, Chris; Prince, Ian; Reid, Terence; Rindermann, Heiner; Risch, Stefan; Robbins, Josh; Roberts, Seth; Romero, Ajeandro; Rothe, Michael Thaddäus; Ruiz, Sergio; Sacher, Juliane; Sackl, Wolfgang; Salletmaier, Markus; Sanand, Jairaj; Sauerzopf, Clemens; Schwarzgruber, Thomas; Scott, David; Seegers, Laura; Seppi, David; Shields, Kyle; Siller-Matula, Jolanta; Singh, Beldeu; Sithole, Sibusio; Six, Florian; Skoyles, John R; Slofstra, Jildou; Sole, Daphne Anne; Sommer, Werner F; Sonko, Mels; Starr-Casanova, Chrislie J; Steakley, Marjorie Elizabeth; Steinhauser, Wolfgang; Steinhoff, Konstantin; Sterba, Johannes H; Steppan, Martin; Stindl, Reinhard; Stokely, Joe; Stokely, Karri; St-Pierre, Gilles; Stratford, James; Streli, Christina; Stryg, Carl; Sullivan, Mike; Summhammer, Johann; Tadesse, Amhayes; Tavares, David; Thompson, Laura; Tomlinson, Alison; Tozer, Jack; Trevisanato, Siro I; Trimmel, Michaela; Turner, Nicole; Vahur, Paul; van der Byl, Jennie; van der Maas, Tine; Varela, Leo; Vega, Carlos A; Vermaak, Shiloh; Villasenor, Alex; Vogel, Matt; von Wintzigerode, Georg; Wagner, Christoph; Weinberger, Manuel; Weinberger, Peter; Wilson, Nick; Wolfe, Jennifer Finocchio; Woodley, Michael A; Young, Ian; Zuraw, Glenn; Zwiren, Nicole

    2012-10-01

    Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that the process of peer review can be prone to bias towards ideas that affirm the prior convictions of reviewers and against innovation and radical new ideas. Innovative hypotheses are thus highly vulnerable to being "filtered out" or made to accord with conventional wisdom by the peer review process. Consequently, having introduced peer review, the Elsevier journal Medical Hypotheses may be unable to continue its tradition as a radical journal allowing discussion of improbable or unconventional ideas. Hence we conclude by asking the publisher to consider re-introducing the system of editorial review to Medical Hypotheses.

  10. Assessing the quality of the peer review process: author and editorial board member perspectives.

    PubMed

    Bunner, Christina; Larson, Elaine L

    2012-10-01

    Because peer review is central to the publication of rigorous research, periodic assessment of the process's effectiveness is clearly warranted. Two online surveys, one for authors (n = 102) and the other for Editorial Board members (n = 20), were conducted to assess their perspectives on the quality and timeliness of peer review. The χ(2) or Fisher exact test was used to analyze differences between authors and Board member responses. Authors of accepted manuscripts were significantly more likely to rate the review as the same or better than other peer reviews they had received when compared with authors of rejected manuscripts (93.3% vs 47.4%, respectively, P = .001). In general, perceptions of review quality among Board members and authors were similar, but Board members were significantly more likely to rate reviewers as fair and unbiased (91.4% and 70%, respectively, P = .04). Approximately one-fourth (23.5%) of authors reported that length of time between manuscript submission and receipt of decision was 0 to 4 weeks, 38.2% indicated 5 to 7 weeks, 18.6% took 8 to 10 weeks, and 19.6% of authors reported that the decision required more than 10 weeks. This survey of authors and Board members provided important insights into perceptions of the peer review process and identified areas for improvement. Copyright © 2012 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. EDITORIAL: Welcome to the 2013 volume Welcome to the 2013 volume

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia, Ephrahim

    2013-01-01

    Welcome to 2013; another great year for technology in our journal, Smart Materials and Structures (SMS). Last year, SMS grew by some 11% while maintaining a high Impact Factor above 2 and a rejection rate of 60%. The Editorial Board and I are pleased with this outcome, as it's indicative of the relevance and vibrancy of SMS to our research community. SMS continues to have a leading role within our community of researchers in the field of smart materials and smart systems technology. As always the quality of SMS is something that the Editorial Board takes very seriously. I have instructed the Editorial Board and our reviewers to scrutinize manuscripts, not only for originality and contributions to the field of smart materials and structures, but to consider the potential impact on the technology. In addition, we are doing more to architect the content of our issues, creating a conduit for exciting developments, developing review topics, and publishing focus issues that cover current technological trends. We would like to promote SMS as a medium to accelerate the promotion of the latest technology. Toward this end, SMS has instituted the Fast Track Communication (FTC). FTCs are short, urgent announcements reporting new and timely developments in the field. They benefit from extra post-publication promotion and accelerated peer review. SMS also has a strong program of topical review articles. Many of us are professors, involved with the training of new researchers to our field, and the value of review articles to education and training cannot be overstated. Such articles allow a reader to 'get up to speed' quickly in a new area, whether they be new graduate students or seasoned technologists deciphering what smart materials has to offer a particular application. Review topics are considered by me and the Editorial Board for content. If approved, SMS will commission a writer to prepare the article for which they will receive a fee in appreciation for the service they

  12. Biomarkers of environmental stress in gills of ribbed mussel Aulacomya atra atra (Nuevo Gulf, Northern Patagonia).

    PubMed

    Giarratano, Erica; Gil, Mónica N; Malanga, Gabriela

    2014-09-01

    In this study, we assessed in gills of native ribbed mussels Aulacomya atra atra from three sites within Nuevo Gulf (Northern Patagonia) several biomarkers such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid radicals (LR), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and metallothionein (MT). Furthermore, concentrations of main trace metals (Fe, Al, Zn, Cu, Cd and Pb) were quantified in mussel tissue. Results showed significant induction of SOD, GST, MT and MDA, as well as, higher concentration of Fe, Al and Cd in winter than in summer. The high MDA content measured in mussels from Folías Wreck seemed to be caused by the very high levels of Fe that would come from the corrosion of the vessel. Mussels from the control site Punta Cuevas presented the lowest levels of Cd and the highest of Al in winter. Despite positive correlations were found between Al and GST and MT, no spatial differentiation was detected in those biomarkers. On the other hand, MT was only related to Al been most likely influenced by environmental variables than by the trace metals. It has to be highlighted that the relationship detected among water temperature, nutrients and antioxidant responses in gills is probably related to the fact that this tissue is in direct contact with water and it is sensitive to its fluctuations. Taking into account that mussel gill is a tissue actively proliferating and the first target of contaminants present in water, so that changes in its antioxidant system can provide an earlier warning signal than in other tissues.

  13. Estudio del comportamiento tribologico y de las interacciones de superficie de nuevos nanofluidos ionicos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Espinosa Rodriguez, Tulia

    tribocorrosion processes. The formation of a coating layer on magnesium alloys from phosphonate imidazolium ionic liquids by immersion and by chronoamperometry has been described. The new coatings reduce the abrasive wear in the magnesium-aluminium alloy but they are not effective in the magnesium-zinc alloy, which prevent the formation of continuous coatings. Los liquidos ionicos son sales liquidas a temperatura ambiente o bajas temperaturas que presentan excelentes propiedades fisico-quimicas. En el presente trabajo se estudian como lubricantes en problemas tribologicos complejos como la lubricacion de metales contra si mismos, el desarrollo de lubricantes base agua y de nuevas superficies autolubricadas. Cuando no es posible reducir la friccion y desgaste mediante lubricacion, como en las aleaciones de magnesio, los liquidos ionicos se han estudiado como precursores de recubrimientos protectores. Se han determinado las interacciones superficiales y los procesos de corrosion sobre cobre y sobre acero con diferentes liquidos ionicos proticos y aproticos para desarrollar nuevos lubricantes y aditivos. En el contacto cobre/cobre, excepto el liquido ionico protico derivado del oleato, todos los liquidos ionicos estudiados presentan mejor comportamiento tribologico que el lubricante comercial Polialfaolefina 6. En el contacto acero/zafiro, los nuevos liquidos ionicos proticos son buenos lubricantes cuando se utilizan en estado puro, y, como aditivos en agua, generan peliculas adsorbidas sobre la superficie del metal reduciendo la friccion y el desgaste tras la evaporacion del agua. Para evitar el periodo de alta friccion inicial en presencia de agua, se han generado peliculas superficiales de liquido ionico sobre el acero en condiciones estaticas. El mejor comportamiento lubricante tanto en el contacto cobre/cobre como en el contacto acero/zafiro se obtiene para el liquido ionico protico derivado del anion adipato, con dos grupos carboxilicos. Las interacciones de los grupos

  14. Data Sharing: A New Editorial Initiative of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Implications for the Editors´ Network

    PubMed Central

    Alfonso, Fernando; Adamyan, Karlen; Artigou, Jean-Yves; Aschermann, Michael; Boehm, Michael; Buendia, Alfonso; Chu, Pao-Hsien; Cohen, Ariel; Cas, Livio Dei; Dilic, Mirza; Doubell, Anton; Echeverri, Dario; Enç, Nuray; Ferreira-González, Ignacio; Filipiak, Krzysztof J.; Flammer, Andreas; Fleck, Eckart; Gatzov, Plamen; Ginghina, Carmen; Goncalves, Lino; Haouala, Habib; Hassanein, Mahmoud; Heusch, Gerd; Huber, Kurt; Hulín, Ivan; Ivanusa, Mario; Krittayaphong, Rungroj; Lau, Chu-Pak; Marinskis, Germanas; Mach, François; Moreira, Luiz Felipe; Nieminen, Tuomo; Oukerraj, Latifa; Perings, Stefan; Pierard, Luc; Potpara, Tatjana; Reyes-Caorsi, Walter; Rim, Se-Joong; Rødevand, Olaf; Saade, Georges; Sander, Mikael; Shlyakhto, Evgeny; Timuralp, Bilgin; Tousoulis, Dimitris; Ural, Dilek; Piek, J. J.; Varga, Albert; Lüscher, Thomas F.

    2017-01-01

    The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) provides recommendations to improve the editorial standards and scientific quality of biomedical journals. These recommendations range from uniform technical requirements to more complex and elusive editorial issues including ethical aspects of the scientific process. Recently, registration of clinical trials, conflicts of interest disclosure, and new criteria for authorship - emphasizing the importance of responsibility and accountability-, have been proposed. Last year, a new editorial initiative to foster sharing of clinical trial data was launched. This review discusses this novel initiative with the aim of increasing awareness among readers, investigators, authors and editors belonging to the Editors´ Network of the European Society of Cardiology. PMID:28591318

  15. The relationship between manuscript title structure and success: editorial decisions and citation performance for an ecological journal.

    PubMed

    Fox, Charles W; Burns, C Sean

    2015-05-01

    A poorly chosen article title may make a paper difficult to discover or discourage readership when discovered, reducing an article's impact. Yet, it is unclear how the structure of a manuscript's title influences readership and impact. We used manuscript tracking data for all manuscripts submitted to the journal Functional Ecology from 2004 to 2013 and citation data for papers published in this journal from 1987 to 2011 to examine how title features changed and whether a manuscript's title structure was predictive of success during the manuscript review process and/or impact (citation) after publication. Titles of manuscripts submitted to Functional Ecology became marginally longer (after controlling for other variables), broader in focus (less frequent inclusion of genus and species names), and included more humor and subtitles over the period of the study. Papers with subtitles were less likely to be rejected by editors both pre- and post-peer review, although both effects were small and the presence of subtitles in published papers was not predictive of citations. Papers with specific names of study organisms in their titles fared poorly during editorial (but not peer) review and, if published, were less well cited than papers whose titles did not include specific names. Papers with intermediate length titles were more successful during editorial review, although the effect was small and title word count was not predictive of citations. No features of titles were predictive of reviewer willingness to review papers or the length of time a paper was in peer review. We conclude that titles have changed in structure over time, but features of title structure have only small or no relationship with success during editorial review and post-publication impact. The title feature that was most predictive of manuscript success: papers whose titles emphasize broader conceptual or comparative issues fare better both pre- and post-publication than do papers with organism

  16. The relationship between manuscript title structure and success: editorial decisions and citation performance for an ecological journal

    PubMed Central

    Fox, Charles W; Burns, C Sean

    2015-01-01

    A poorly chosen article title may make a paper difficult to discover or discourage readership when discovered, reducing an article's impact. Yet, it is unclear how the structure of a manuscript's title influences readership and impact. We used manuscript tracking data for all manuscripts submitted to the journal Functional Ecology from 2004 to 2013 and citation data for papers published in this journal from 1987 to 2011 to examine how title features changed and whether a manuscript's title structure was predictive of success during the manuscript review process and/or impact (citation) after publication. Titles of manuscripts submitted to Functional Ecology became marginally longer (after controlling for other variables), broader in focus (less frequent inclusion of genus and species names), and included more humor and subtitles over the period of the study. Papers with subtitles were less likely to be rejected by editors both pre- and post-peer review, although both effects were small and the presence of subtitles in published papers was not predictive of citations. Papers with specific names of study organisms in their titles fared poorly during editorial (but not peer) review and, if published, were less well cited than papers whose titles did not include specific names. Papers with intermediate length titles were more successful during editorial review, although the effect was small and title word count was not predictive of citations. No features of titles were predictive of reviewer willingness to review papers or the length of time a paper was in peer review. We conclude that titles have changed in structure over time, but features of title structure have only small or no relationship with success during editorial review and post-publication impact. The title feature that was most predictive of manuscript success: papers whose titles emphasize broader conceptual or comparative issues fare better both pre- and post-publication than do papers with organism

  17. The h-index in medical education: an analysis of medical education journal editorial boards.

    PubMed

    Doja, Asif; Eady, Kaylee; Horsley, Tanya; Bould, M Dylan; Victor, J Charles; Sampson, Margaret

    2014-11-28

    Disciplines differ in their authorship and citation practices, thus discipline-specific h-index norms are desirable. Thus the goal of this study was to examine the relationship between the h-index and academic rank in the field of medical education, and the differences in the h-index between MD's and PhD's in this field. Due to the absence of a formalized registry of medical educators, we sampled available editorial board membership (considered a proxy for identifying 'career' medical educators) to establish h-index values. These were determined using Web of Science (WoS) and Google Scholar (GS), and internet searching was used to determine their academic rank. The correlation between authors' h-indices derived from WoS and GS was also determined. 130 editors were identified (95 full professors, 21 associate professors, 14 assistant professors). A significant difference was noted between the h-indices of full professors and associate/assistant professors (p < .001). Median h-indices equaled 14 for full professors (Interquartile range [IQR] =11); 7 for associate professors (IQR =7) and 6.5 for assistant professors (IQR = 8). h-indices of MD's and PhD's did not differ significantly. Moderate correlation between GS and WOS h-indices was noted R = 0.46, p < .001. The results provide some guidance as to the expected h-indices of a select group of medical educators. No differences appear to exist between assistant professor and associate professor ranks or between MD's and PhD's.

  18. EDITORIAL: Groundwater resources, climate and vulnerability Groundwater resources, climate and vulnerability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bovolo, C. Isabella; Parkin, Geoff; Sophocleous, Marios

    2009-09-01

    Groundwater is an important component of the freshwater system and its role is becoming even more prominent as the more accessible surface water resources become increasingly exploited to support increasing populations and development. Yet despite its significance, there has been comparatively little research conducted on groundwater relative to surface water resources, particularly in the context of climate change impact assessment. This focus issue has therefore been assembled to expand upon the currently limited knowledge of groundwater systems and their links with climate. Many of the papers included here explore the interrelated issues of groundwater resources, climate-related changes and vulnerabilities at a regional scale in different continents and globally. See the PDF for the full text of the editorial. Focus on Groundwater Resources, Climate and Vulnerability Contents Groundwater: from mystery to management T N Narasimhan Simulated response of groundwater to predicted recharge in a semi-arid region using a scenario of modelled climate change M W Toews and D M Allen Long-term climatic change and sustainable ground water resources management Hugo A Loáiciga Climate change and groundwater: India's opportunities for mitigation and adaptation Tushaar Shah Vulnerability to the impact of climate change on renewable groundwater resources: a global-scale assessment Petra Döll Influence of soil heterogeneity on evapotranspiration under shallow water table conditions: transient, stochastic simulations Stefan J Kollet Nutrient cycling and N2O emissions in a changing climate: the subsurface water system role Georgia Destouni and Amélie Darracq Rainfall intensity and groundwater recharge: empirical evidence from the Upper Nile Basin M Owor, R G Taylor, C Tindimugaya and D Mwesigwa

  19. EDITORIAL: Groundwater resources, climate and vulnerability Groundwater resources, climate and vulnerability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bovolo, C. Isabella; Parkin, Geoff; Sophocleous, Marios

    2009-09-01

    Groundwater is an important component of the freshwater system and its role is becoming even more prominent as the more accessible surface water resources become increasingly exploited to support increasing populations and development. Yet despite its significance, there has been comparatively little research conducted on groundwater relative to surface water resources, particularly in the context of climate change impact assessment. This focus issue has therefore been assembled to expand upon the currently limited knowledge of groundwater systems and their links with climate. Many of the papers included here explore the interrelated issues of groundwater resources, climate-related changes and vulnerabilities at a regional scale in different continents and globally. See the PDF for the full text of the editorial. Focus on Groundwater Resources, Climate and Vulnerability Contents Groundwater: from mystery to management T N Narasimhan Simulated response of groundwater to predicted recharge in a semi-arid region using a scenario of modelled climate change M W Toews and D M Allen Long-term climatic change and sustainable ground water resources management Hugo A Loáiciga Climate change and groundwater: India's opportunities for mitigation and adaptation Tushaar Shah Vulnerability to the impact of climate change on renewable groundwater resources: a global-scale assessment Petra Döll Influence of soil heterogeneity on evapotranspiration under shallow water table conditions: transient, stochastic simulations Stefan J Kollet Nutrient cycling and N2O emissions in a changing climate: the subsurface water system role Georgia Destouni and Amélie Darracq Rainfall intensity and groundwater recharge: empirical evidence from the Upper Nile Basin M Owor, R G Taylor, C Tindimugaya and D Mwesigwa This focus issue is not yet complete, there are still letters at press and in review.

  20. Editorial explaining the change in name of this journal to Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition.

    PubMed

    Miller, Ralph R

    2014-01-01

    This editorial explains the reasoning behind The Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes name change. This Journal started publication in 1975 as a result of a major reorganization of the American Psychological Association's basic science journals. To signal that expansion of interest, the name of the journal has been changed to Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition. This change is not meant to discourage submission of the types of manuscripts that have most frequently appeared in the journal in recent years but to encourage submission of papers across a broader range of topics.

  1. [Major advances in oncology in 2014: the editorial board of the Bulletin du Cancer point of view].

    PubMed

    Massard, Christophe; Bay, Jacques-Olivier; André, Thierry; Blay, Jean-Yves; Goncalves, Anthony; Orbach, Daniel; Wislez, Marie; Thariat, Juliette; Magné, Nicolas; Vignot, Stéphane

    2015-01-01

    Results of many clinical trials are presented each year during the American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting, ESMO meeting and other international major meetings. This article is proposed by the editorial board of the Bulletin du Cancer as a synthesis of new important results in clinical trials concerning cancer patients treated for hematology cancer or solid tumors. The goal of this review is to highlight the main results that may have an immediate impact on our clinical practices for physicians and patients. Copyright © 2014 Société Française du Cancer. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. EDITORIAL: Announcing the 2006 Measurement Science and Technology Outstanding Paper Awards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foss, John; Dewhurst, Richard; Fujii, Kenichi; Regtien, Paul

    2007-07-01

    Since 1991, Measurement Science and Technology has awarded a Best Paper prize. The Editorial Board of this journal believes that such a prize is an opportunity to thank authors for submitting their work, and serves as an integral part of the on-going quality review of the journal. The current breadth of topical areas that are covered by MST has made it advisable to expand the recognition of excellent publications. Hence, since 2005 the Editorial Board have presented 'Outstanding Paper Awards' in four subject categories: Fluid Mechanics; Measurement Science; Precision Measurements; and Sensors and Sensing Systems. 2006 Award Winners—Fluid Mechanics The article 'Molecular tagging velocimetry and thermometry and its application to the wake of a heated circular cylinder' by Hui Hu and Manoochehr Koochesfahani, published in volume 17, issue 6, pp 1269-1281, was selected by the cognizant Editorial Board Members as the Outstanding Paper in Fluid Mechanics for 2006. This consensus selection was accompanied by the collective judgment that a number of other very strong contributions were published in 2006. These other papers have been added to the 2006 Highlights in the electronic version of the journal. The paper by Hu and Koochesfahani is recognized for its contribution to the use of molecular tagging techniques in the service of velocity and temperature measurements. The paper clearly articulates the prior state-of-the-art in this area and it communicates the required equipment and procedures to utilize this experimental tool. The capabilities of their technique are made apparent by the simultaneous (u,v,T) observations in the wake of a circular cylinder. The normalized heat flux vectors, (\\overline{u_j'T'})/U\\Delta T, demonstrate one of the beneficial results of obtaining a whole-field view of the velocity and temperature distributions. The authors also have carefully noted the intrinsic limitations of their technique. 2006 Award Winners—Measurement Science The

  3. IJBNPA in 2016: Strategy for advancing the science of behavior change in nutrition and physical activity, and associated editorial priorities.

    PubMed

    Jago, Russell; Wood, Lesley

    2016-07-11

    The goal of the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (IJBNPA) is to be the leading diet and physical activity journal. To achieve this aim we embrace and publish a number of different research designs from small, but in depth, qualitative studies to large scale cohort studies. IJBNPA prioritises research based on randomised controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews (with or without meta-analyses, as appropriate), and well conducted observational studies that expand knowledge and understanding of the area. IJBNPA will also consider and publish other study designs that are of sufficient quality such as strong or ground-breaking methodological papers, rigorous qualitative studies, debate papers and commentaries. However, due to the demands on the journal, we publish pilot studies only in exceptional circumstances and we do not publish protocol papers or letters to the editors. The goal of this editorial is to highlight to our readers and authors the process by which we identify which papers to review and publish along with our editorial priorities.

  4. Weighing women down: messages on weight loss and body shaping in editorial content in popular women's health and fitness magazines.

    PubMed

    Willis, Laura E; Knobloch-Westerwick, Silvia

    2014-01-01

    Exposure to idealized body images has been shown to lower women's body satisfaction. Yet some studies found the opposite, possibly because real-life media (as opposed to image-only stimuli) often embed such imagery in messages that suggest thinness is attainable. Drawing on social cognitive theory, the current content analysis investigated editorial body-shaping and weight-loss messages in popular women's health and fitness magazines. About five thousand magazine pages published in top-selling U.S. women's health and fitness magazines in 2010 were examined. The findings suggest that body shaping and weight loss are a major topic in these magazines, contributing to roughly one-fifth of all editorial content. Assessing standards of motivation and conduct, as well as behaviors promoted by the messages, the findings reflect overemphasis on appearance over health and on exercise-related behaviors over caloric reduction behaviors and the combination of both behaviors. These accentuations are at odds with public health recommendations.

  5. "Optics 4 every1", the hands-on optics outreach program of the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Viera-González, Perla M.; Sánchez-Guerrero, Guillermo E.

    2016-09-01

    The Fisica Pato2 (Physics 4 every1) outreach group started as a need of hands-on activities and active Science demonstrations in the education for kids, teenagers and basic education teachers in Nuevo Leffon maintaining a main objective of spread the word about the importance of Optics and Photonics; for accomplish this objective, since November 2013 several outreach events are organized every year by the group. The program Optics 4 every1 is supported by the Facultad de Ciencias Fisico Matematicas of the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon and the International Society for Optics and Photonics and consist in quick hands-on activities and Optics demonstrations designed for teach basic optical phenomena related with light and its application in everyday life. During 2015, with the purpose of celebrate the International Year of Light 2015, the outreach group was involved in 13 different events and reached more than 8,000 people. The present work explains the activities done and the outcome obtained with this program.

  6. EDITORIAL: Ongoing climatic change in Northern Eurasia: justification for expedient research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Groisman, Pavel; Soja, Amber J.

    2009-12-01

    A brief overview of the ongoing climatic and environmental changes in Northern Eurasia serves as an editorial introduction to this, the second, special Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative (NEESPI) focus issue of Environmental Research Letters. Climatic changes in Northern Eurasia over the last hundred years are reflected in numerous atmospheric and terrestrial variables. Many of these are noticeably significant above the confidence level for 'weather' or other (fire regime, ecosystem change) noise and thus should be further investigated in order to adapt to their impacts. In this focus issue, we introduce assorted studies of different aspects of contemporary change in Northern Eurasia. Most of these have been presented at one of the NEESPI workshops (for more information see neespi.org) and/or American Geophysical Union and European Geosciences Union NEESPI open sessions during the past year. These studies are diverse, representing the diversity of climates and ecosystems across Northern Eurasia. Some of these are focused on smaller spatial scales and/or address only specific aspects of the global change implications across the subcontinent. But the feeling (and observational evidence) that these changes have already been quite rapid and can have global implications inspires us to bring this suite of papers to the readers' attention. See the PDF for the full text of the editorial. Focus on Climatic and Environmental Change in Northern Eurasia Contents Preface Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative Pavel Groisman and Amber J Soja Editorial Siberia integrated regional study: Multidisciplinary investigations of interrelation between Siberia environment dynamics and global climate change E P Gordov and E A Vaganov Studies of the energy and water cycles in Northern Eurasia Comparison and evaluation of gridded radiation products across northern Eurasia T J Troy and E F Wood Reanalysis data underestimate significant changes in growing

  7. EDITORIAL: Announcing the 2005 Measurement Science and Technology Outstanding Paper Awards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foss, John; Dewhurst, Richard; Fujii, Kenichi; Regtien, Paul

    2006-06-01

    Since 1991, Measurement Science and Technology has awarded a Best Paper prize. The Editorial Board of this journal believes that such a prize is an opportunity to thank authors for submitting their work, and serves as an integral part of the on-going quality review of the journal. The current breadth of topical areas that are covered by MST has made it advisable to expand the recognition of excellent publications. Hence, in 2005 the Editorial Board decided to present 'Outstanding Paper Awards' in four subject categories: Fluid Mechanics; Measurement Science; Precision Measurements; and Sensors and Sensing Systems. 2005 Award Winners—Fluid Mechanics The Fluid Mechanics working group, chaired by Professor John Foss, was unanimous in its recommendation for the paper authored by J Chen and J Katz (Johns Hopkins University, USA) 'Elimination of peak-locking error in PIV analysis using the correlation mapping method', published in volume 16, issue 8, pp 1605 1618. The essence of the following citation was provided by Board Member Dr Mark Wernet: The paper of Chen and Katz describes a technique for eliminating the 'peak locking' bias error endemic to estimating the PIV correlation peak location. Particle image velocimetry (PIV) is used widely in both fundamental and applied fluid mechanics. In essence, a two-dimensional velocity map is extracted from two successive high-resolution images of light scattered by minute tracer particles. The incident light is derived from two laser beams which have been expanded into sheets. A precise time delay is imposed between the two laser light sheets. The cross-correlation of the scattered light intensity within corresponding small interrogation regions in the two images gives the displacement of the particles and hence the local velocity. Typically, in PIV processing, the correlation peak location is determined by fitting a curve through the correlation peak. This process is known to suffer from a bias error where the estimated

  8. EDITORIAL: Announcing the 2007 Measurement Science and Technology Outstanding Paper Awards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foss, John; Dewhurst, Richard; Fujii, Kenichi; Regtien, Paul

    2008-05-01

    Since 1991, Measurement Science and Technology has awarded a Best Paper prize. The Editorial Board of this journal believes that such a prize is an opportunity to thank authors for submitting their work, and serves as an integral part of the on-going quality review of the journal. The current breadth of topical areas that are covered by MST has made it advisable to expand the recognition of excellent publications. Hence, since 2005 the Editorial Board have presented 'Outstanding Paper Awards' in four subject categories: Fluid Mechanics; Measurement Science; Precision Measurements; and Sensors and Sensing Systems. 2007 Award Winners—Fluid Mechanics An adaptive sampling and windowing interrogation method in PIV R Theunissen, F Scarano and M L Riethmuller von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Chaussée de Waterloo 72, 1640 Sint-Genesius Rode, Belgium and Department of Aerospace Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, PO Box 5058, 2600 GB Delft, The Netherlands The co-authored paper [1] has been selected as the Outstanding Paper in Fluid Mechanics for 2007. This paper provides a strategy whereby the placement and the size of the interrogation regions are adapted to the image signal strength (seeding density) and the spatial variations of the velocity magnitudes. Two, quite distinct, test cases demonstrate the efficacy of their method: a shockwave- boundary layer interaction and an aircraft vortex wake. The Selection Committee—Drs T Fansler, J Foss, I Marusic, S Morris, K Okamoto and M Wernet—selected this paper from a strongly competitive shortlist of four candidates. Their selection process was influenced by the perceived utility of the contribution to the numerous investigators who utilize PIV methods. 2007 Award Winners—Measurement Science Broadband single cell impedance spectroscopy using maximum length sequences: theoretical analysis and practical considerations Tao Sun, Shady Gawad, Catia Bernabini, Nicolas G Green and Hywel Morgan

  9. EDITORIAL: Inverse Problems' 25th year of publication Inverse Problems' 25th year of publication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2008-01-01

    2009 is Inverse Problems' 25th year of publication. In this quarter-century, the journal has established itself as the premier publication venue for inverse problems research. It has matured from its beginnings as a niche journal serving the emerging field of inverse and ill-posed problems to a monthly publication in 2009 covering all aspects of a well-established, vibrant and still-expanding subject. Along with its core readership of pure and applied mathematicians and physicists, Inverse Problems has become widely known across a broad range of researchers in areas such as geophysics, optics, radar, acoustics, communication theory, signal processing and medical imaging, amongst others. The journal's appeal to the inverse problems community and those researchers from the varied fields that encounter such problems can be attributed to our commitment to publishing only the very best papers, and to offering unique services to the community. Besides our regular research papers, which average a remarkably short five months from submission to electronic publication, we regularly publish heavily cited topical review papers and topic-specific special sections, which first appeared in 2004. These highly-downloaded invited articles focus on the latest developments and hot topics in all areas of inverse problems. No other journal in the field offers these features. I am very pleased to take Inverse Problems into its 25th year as Editor-in-Chief. The journal has an impressive tradition of scholarship, established at its inception by the founder and first Editor-in-Chief, Professor Pierre Sabatier. Professor Sabatier envisioned the journal in 1985 as providing a medium for publication of exemplary research in our intrinsically interdisciplinary field. I am glad to say that the support of our authors, readers, referees, Editors-in-Chief, Editorial Boards and Advisory Panels over the years, has resulted in Inverse Problems becoming the top publication in this field, publishing

  10. EDITORIAL: New criteria for Letters in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stoneham, A. M.

    2003-12-01

    Today, the median time from receipt to publication for regular articles in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter is about four months. Letters can be reviewed, possibly revised, and on the Web in little more than a week in favourable circumstances, and the median time is six weeks. When the Journal of Physics series was started, over thirty years ago, Letters took typically three months from receipt to print, and articles took substantially longer. Now that publication times for regular papers are of a similar order to those of Letters in the past, it makes sense to review the types of submission we accept as Letters and put a higher premium on urgency. In the past, Letters have been of several different types. There have been Letters giving a first announcement of some important new result, and these have a justifiable urgency and need for priority. In addition, there have been what one might call short papers, self-contained pieces of work, but with no requirement for rapid publication. The Editorial Board of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter has decided that in future all Letters published will have to satisfy criteria of significant importance and urgency. To achieve this, all manuscripts submitted as Letters will be processed as follows. First, the Letter will be looked at by a Board Member, who will decide whether or not the proposed Letter has the right level of importance, urgency, and interest to appear as a Letter. The Board Member will not usually act as referee, unless the Letter is in a field in which they normally referee. If their decision is yes, then the manuscript will go to a regular referee. Special efforts will be made to ensure rapid treatment, both by the referee and in processing at Bristol. The ideal Letter would address a significant topic in condensed matter physics. It would be recognized as important by a large number of condensed matter physicists, including those whose research area is a different one. So it is crucial that the

  11. Editorial: subjective perceptions of memory functioning in old age - nature, correlates, and developmental trajectories.

    PubMed

    Hülür, Gizem; Gerstorf, Denis

    2015-01-01

    Subjective memory complaints are often used as diagnostic criteria for several neurocognitive disorders. Although a number of studies have examined subjective memory and its associations with memory functioning in adulthood and old age, it is still an open question whether subjective perceptions of one's memory indicate actual memory functioning or whether they are rather derived from factors other than memory, such as depressive symptoms. The studies in this special section examine subjective perceptions of memory functioning and their associations with objectively measured memory performance in general and in clinical populations. The four articles adopt cross-sectional and longitudinal methodologies and offer key insights into the nature, correlates, and developmental trajectories of subjective memory. To begin with, the studies compiled in this special section demonstrate that changes in subjective memory perceptions are indeed associated with changes in memory performance [Zimprich and Kurtz, this issue, pp. 223-231], but the size of associations between levels of and changes in subjective memory and memory performance is in part modulated by personality characteristics and depressive symptoms [Hülür et al., this issue, pp. 232-240]. Second, the studies compiled here show that factors other than memory are also closely associated with memory perceptions, including functional health as well as domain-general and health-specific control beliefs [Luszcz et al., this issue, pp. 241-250]. Third, the study by Thompson et al. [this issue, pp. 251-257] shows that self- and informant-reports of retrospective and prospective memory difficulties are not associated with performance-based measures and does not sufficiently differentiate between healthy controls and patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment or dementia. In our editorial, we put these findings in perspective and discuss implications for research and practice. To extend our knowledge, we conclude by

  12. EDITORIAL: A Survey of Facilities for High-Temperature, High-Pressure Fluids Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Argrow, Brian M.

    2005-09-01

    facilities developed for aero/fluid dynamic systems that range from high-Reynolds number facilities that employ high-pressure water and dense gases, to shock tubes for chemical kinetics and high-enthalpy flows, to a low-pressure shock tube for instrument calibration. The authors in this issue were asked to present new results that highlight some of the unique features of their test facilities that both explore and exploit the physical and thermodynamic properties of fluids. I thank the authors for their response to this call, and on their behalf I offer my sincere thanks to the editorial staff of Measurement Science and Technology for their extremely efficient and professional support in assembling this special feature. I also extend a personal thanks to Professor John Foss for first suggesting this special feature and for his support while it was assembled.

  13. You've Come a Long Way, Baby--Or Have You? Women's Magazines, Cigarette Advertisements, Health Articles and Editorial Autonomy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hesterman, Vicki

    A study examined how three major women's magazines handled cigarette advertisements and editorial copy about smoking-related health problems. Examined were issues of "Ms.,""Good Housekeeping," and "Seventeen" magazines from 1972, one year after the ban on television advertisements and the year "Ms." began…

  14. You've Come a Long Way, Baby--Or Have You? Women's Magazines, Cigarette Advertisements, Health Articles and Editorial Autonomy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hesterman, Vicki

    A study examined how three major women's magazines handled cigarette advertisements and editorial copy about smoking-related health problems. Examined were issues of "Ms.,""Good Housekeeping," and "Seventeen" magazines from 1972, one year after the ban on television advertisements and the year "Ms." began…

  15. Data Sharing: A New Editorial Initiative of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Implications for the Editors´ Network.

    PubMed

    Alfonso, Fernando; Adamyan, Karlen; Artigou, Jean-Yves; Aschermann, Michael; Boehm, Michael; Buendia, Alfonso; Chu, Pao-Hsien; Cohen, Ariel; Cas, Livio Dei; Dilic, Mirza; Doubell, Anton; Echeverri, Dario; Enç, Nuray; Ferreira-González, Ignacio; Filipiak, Krzysztof J; Flammer, Andreas; Fleck, Eckart; Gatzov, Plamen; Ginghina, Carmen; Goncalves, Lino; Haouala, Habib; Hassanein, Mahmoud; Heusch, Gerd; Huber, Kurt; Hulín, Ivan; Ivanusa, Mario; Krittayaphong, Rungroj; Lau, Chu-Pak; Marinskis, Germanas; Mach, François; Moreira, Luiz Felipe; Nieminen, Tuomo; Oukerraj, Latifa; Perings, Stefan; Pierard, Luc; Potpara, Tatjana; Reyes-Caorsi, Walter; Rim, Se-Joong; Rødevand, Olaf; Saade, Georges; Sander, Mikael; Shlyakhto, Evgeny; Timuralp, Bilgin; Tousoulis, Dimitris; Ural, Dilek; Piek, J J; Varga, Albert; Lüscher, Thomas F

    2017-05-01

    The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) provides recommendations to improve the editorial standards and scientific quality of biomedical journals. These recommendations range from uniform technical requirements to more complex and elusive editorial issues including ethical aspects of the scientific process. Recently, registration of clinical trials, conflicts of interest disclosure, and new criteria for authorship - emphasizing the importance of responsibility and accountability-, have been proposed. Last year, a new editorial initiative to foster sharing of clinical trial data was launched. This review discusses this novel initiative with the aim of increasing awareness among readers, investigators, authors and editors belonging to the Editors´ Network of the European Society of Cardiology. Resumo O Comitê Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas (ICMJE) fornece recomendações para aprimorar o padrão editorial e a qualidade científica das revistas biomédicas. Tais recomendações variam desde requisitos técnicos de uniformização até assuntos editoriais mais complexos e elusivos, como os aspectos éticos do processo científico. Recentemente, foram propostos registro de ensaios clínicos, divulgação de conflitos de interesse e novos critérios de autoria, enfatizando a importância da responsabilidade e da responsabilização. No último ano, lançou-se uma nova iniciativa editorial para fomentar o compartilhamento dos dados de ensaios clínicos. Esta revisão discute essa nova iniciativa visando a aumentar a conscientização de leitores, investigadores, autores e editores filiados à Rede de Editores da Sociedade Europeia de Cardiologia.

  16. EDITORIAL: Greetings from the new Editor-in-Chief Greetings from the new Editor-in-Chief

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corkum, Paul

    2011-01-01

    As a journal that reports advances in atomic, molecular and optical science (AMO), Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics (J. Phys. B) provides the AMO research community with three unique fora: topical reviews, tutorials and special issues. Developed under the leadership of editor Jan Michael Rost and his Editorial Board, these sections have cemented J. Phys. B's reputation as a major journal showcasing the AMO community's advances. For me, an AMO scientist, it is therefore a special pleasure to be entrusted with continuing the tradition of excellence established by Jan Michael and the Editorial Board. I intend to build on this foundation by ensuring that the journal makes full use of these tools. Topical reviews: a unique focus When J. Phys. B becomes the first journal you turn to for initial reviews about important emerging areas in your field, we as an Editorial Board will have succeeded. To us, a topical review is different from a traditional review—a topical review focuses on emerging sub-fields of AMO physics. Its function is to alert and educate our readers about emerging opportunities. Topical reviews can also serve a closely related function for readers: keeping us up-to-date with critical technologies that lie slightly outside our own fields, such as advances in free-electron lasers science, (which will surely affect our field). Our overall goal is to make your research more productive because of the topical reviews you read within the journal. Tutorials J. Phys. B tutorials are aimed at graduate students or researchers venturing into a new field. Just as in my own research group I encourage all graduate students to write their theses in a way that will be useful to both future graduate students and the larger community beyond my group, J. Phys. B has designed tutorials to fill this function on the journal scale. Thus, tutorial authors are able to write in greater depth than can be included in a paper in nature, science or in the

  17. Viviendo Con Incendios: Una guia para los duenos de casas en Nuevo Mexico [Living with Fire: A Guide for the Homeowner-New Mexico

    Treesearch

    U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management

    2008-01-01

    La posibilidad de perdidas humanas y de propiedad en Nuevo Mexico debido a un incendio forestal ha ido incrementando. Para responder a este peligro, entidades locales, estatales, federales, particulares y sin fines de lucro se han unido para crear Como Reducir la Amenaza de Incendios Forestales, un programa dirigido a los propietarios de casas. Este no es un programa...

  18. Medicinal plants in the southern region of the State of Nuevo León, México.

    PubMed

    Estrada-Castillón, Eduardo; Soto-Mata, Brianda Elizabeth; Garza-López, Miriam; Villarreal-Quintanilla, José Ángel; Jiménez-Pérez, Javier; Pando-Moreno, Marisela; Sánchez-Salas, Jaime; Scott-Morales, Laura; Cotera-Correa, Mauricio

    2012-12-11

    Although the flora of the State of Nuevo León is well known, there are few records of ethnobotancial information. An ethnobotanical study was undertaken in order to know the medicinal plants used by people living at the scrublands and oak-pine forest areas in the southern Nuevo León. Collection of plants specimens and interviews were carried out among the people of the municipalities of Aramberri, Galeana, and Zaragoza. Since former studies in the region are scarce, the aim of this work was to record the medicinal species and their uses in the scrublands and oak-pine forest areas, of southern Nuevo León, Mexico, and also to know if there are differences in the number of species and number of uses knowledge by people. Field work was carried out over a 2 years period; useful plants were collected and a total of 105 people from 46 different villages were interviewed. A database was compiled using data collected by means of semi structured interviews. The data were analyzed by means of non-parametric statistics, using goodness-of-fit test (Chi-squared) (number of species known by people of each municipality, number of uses known by people of each municipality), Chi-squared modified to incorporate the Yates Correction (number of species known by people living at scrublands and oak-pine forest); the Kruskall-Wallis test (number of species known by women and men of the three municipalities), and the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (age and number of species known, and age and number of uses). A total of 163 medicinal plant species were recorded in the study area, comprising 108 wild and 55 cultivated plants. A total of 117 species were recorded in the oak-pine forest, and 111 in the scrublands area, a total of 68 were recorded in both areas; 68 medicinal species are used in all three municipalities, 40 wild and 28 cultivated. We documented 235 different medicinal uses. The most common plant parts used for medicinal purposes were found to be leaves (123 species

  19. Assessment of polychlorinated biphenyls and mercury levels in soil and biological samples from San Felipe, Nuevo Mercurio, Zacatecas, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Costilla-Salazar, Rogelio; Trejo-Acevedo, Antonio; Rocha-Amador, Diana; Gaspar-Ramírez, Octavio; Díaz-Barriga, Fernando; Pérez-Maldonado, Iván Nelinho

    2011-02-01

    The aim of this work was to evaluate contamination by polychlorinated biphenyls and mercury in soil, and to assess exposure level to both contaminants in children living in San Felipe, Nuevo Mercurio, Zacatecas, Mexico. We found soil levels of total polychlorinated biphenyls ranging from non detectable (nd) to 190 μg/kg. Mercury soil levels ranged from 8.9 to 10215.0 mg/kg. Exposure levels of total polychlorinated biphenyls assessed in blood and urinary mercury in children living in the studied community were 1,600 ± 8,800 ng/g lipid and 4.2 ± 7.1 μg/g creatinine, respectively.

  20. Medicinal plants in the southern region of the State of Nuevo León, México

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Although the flora of the State of Nuevo León is well known, there are few records of ethnobotancial information. An ethnobotanical study was undertaken in order to know the medicinal plants used by people living at the scrublands and oak-pine forest areas in the southern Nuevo León. Collection of plants specimens and interviews were carried out among the people of the municipalities of Aramberri, Galeana, and Zaragoza. Since former studies in the region are scarce, the aim of this work was to record the medicinal species and their uses in the scrublands and oak-pine forest areas, of southern Nuevo León, Mexico, and also to know if there are differences in the number of species and number of uses knowledge by people. Methods Field work was carried out over a 2 years period; useful plants were collected and a total of 105 people from 46 different villages were interviewed. A database was compiled using data collected by means of semi structured interviews. The data were analyzed by means of non-parametric statistics, using goodness-of-fit test (Chi-squared) (number of species known by people of each municipality, number of uses known by people of each municipality), Chi-squared modified to incorporate the Yates Correction (number of species known by people living at scrublands and oak-pine forest); the Kruskall-Wallis test (number of species known by women and men of the three municipalities), and the Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient (age and number of species known, and age and number of uses). Results A total of 163 medicinal plant species were recorded in the study area, comprising 108 wild and 55 cultivated plants. A total of 117 species were recorded in the oak-pine forest, and 111 in the scrublands area, a total of 68 were recorded in both areas; 68 medicinal species are used in all three municipalities, 40 wild and 28 cultivated. We documented 235 different medicinal uses. The most common plant parts used for medicinal purposes were

  1. EDITORIAL: The 28th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simek, Milan; Sunka, Pavel

    2008-05-01

    -equilibrium Plasmas and Micro-plasmas at High Pressures', reflecting new trends in the field. Important parts of the conference were two workshops focused on specific themes. The workshop 'Pulsed electrical discharges in water: fundamentals and applications', organized by Professor Pavel Sunka, reviewed the scientific challenges related to fundamentals of pulsed discharges initiated in slightly conductive liquid water solutions. The workshop 'Physics and applications of pulsed high-current capillary discharges', organized by Dr Karel Kolácek, addressed scientific challenges and technological applications of high-current capillary discharges pinching into a nearly uni-dimensional dense plasma column composed of a quasi-neutral mixture of very hot electrons and multiply charged ions. All ICPIG speakers were invited to prepare peer-reviewed articles based on their conference lectures for the journal Plasma Sources Sciences and Technology (PSST) in the form of either reviews or original works. A selection of invited papers is published in this special issue. We would like to thank all authors for their effort in preparing interesting articles for the readers of PSST. We would like to thank once more all members of the International Scientific Committee chaired by Professor Jerzy Mizeraczyk as well as the members of the Local Organizing Committee and the National Advisory Board for their considerable contributions to the success of the conference. We are particularly grateful to the Editorial Board of Plasma Sources Science and Technology for the opportunity to bring the 28th ICPIG to a wider audience.

  2. EDITORIAL: Incoming Editor-in-Chief Incoming Editor-in-Chief

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Birch, David

    2012-01-01

    It is a pleasure and an honour for me to be taking over as Editor-in-Chief of Measurement Science and Technology. MST is well known across research communities worldwide as a leading journal in which to publish new techniques and instrumentation. It has gained this enviable position largely because of the excellent guidance of its Editorial Board and dedicated staff at Institute of Physics Publishing over many years. I want to highlight in particular the contribution of the outgoing Editor Peter Hauptmann, and other Editors before him, in making the journal truly international. We thank Peter immensely for all his hard work in leading the journal, having exceptionally served two terms, each of five years. I come into the post of Editor at a very interesting and challenging time for research. The global recession is leading to cuts in research funding in many countries, researchers and their outputs are coming under closer scrutiny than ever before, and more is being expected of them. Journals play a critical role in monitoring and maintaining research standards, but we should be careful not to assume that journal Impact Factor is the sole measure of research quality. Although expediency may sometimes demand it, Impact Factor, as practitioners know, is subject dependent. One of the great things about science and technology for me is its level playing field. The key point is still innovation no matter where the work is done or where it is published. MST has a long pedigree of being the natural home of the highest quality papers from leading researchers wishing to report novel instrumentation and techniques. 2013 will mark the 90th anniversary of MST and we look forward to celebrating in style its sustained success. I recall with pride the first paper I published in Journal of Physics E: Scientific Instruments (as MST was previously titled) back in 1977. The paper reported the design and application of an early fluorescence lifetime spectrometer that I had constructed

  3. EDITORIAL: Are higher quality papers cited more often? Are higher quality papers cited more often?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patterson, Michael S.; Harris, Simon

    2009-09-01

    retrospectively by dividing the papers published in each year into five citation quintiles. A paper of the highest quality (Q1) was about ten times more likely to be found in the most-cited quintile than in the least-cited. While it is reassuring to find that the best papers in PMB are, indeed, cited more often on average, we cannot discount the hypothesis that both measures might be influenced by an extrinsic factor, such as the reputation of the authors. We suggest that a study similar to ours be performed for a journal that utilizes a system of double-blind peer review. Michael S Patterson Editorial Board Member Simon Harris Publisher References West R and McIlwaine A 2002 What do citation counts count for in the field of addiction? An empirical evaluation of citation counts and their link with peer ratings of quality Addiction 97 501-4 Patterson M S and Harris S 2009 The relationship between reviewers' quality-scores and number of citations for papers published in the journal Physics in Medicine and Biology from 2003-2005 Scientometrics 80 343-9

  4. EDITORIAL: Nanoscale phenomena in hydrogen storage Nanoscale phenomena in hydrogen storage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vajo, John; Pinkerton, Fred; Stetson, Ned

    2009-05-01

    structures and catalyst systems that enhance diffusion. These and other issues concerning both molecularly and chemically bound hydrogen storage materials have begun to be addressed through an understanding of their behavior and their manipulation on the nanoscale. This special issue of Nanotechnology provides a current survey of this endeavor. The themes covered in this issue include the thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen storage materials at the nanoscale; the structure of nanoporous adsorbents; the structure of hydrogen adsorbed in nanosized pores, and the behavior of nanoparticulate, nanocrystalline and nanoconfined metal and complex hydrides, including the form and effects of catalysts. These themes are addressed through theoretical, computational and experimental approaches. Although an ideal hydrogen storage material has not yet been identified, the papers in this issue indicate that the ideal material will likely be highly structured on the nanometer scale. To optimize the capacity and interaction energy of adsorbents, the pore size, shape and volume will need to be carefully controlled. Similarly, the diffusion lengths in hydride materials will need to be matched to crystallite and particle size. Furthermore, the diffusion lengths themselves will need to be tailored through the use of dopants, placement of catalysts and control of interface energies. We are grateful to the contributors for the high quality of their submissions. We also thank the editorial and production staff for their efficient and professional work and their guidance in the production of this issue.

  5. Coverage of breast cancer in the Australian print media--does advertising and editorial coverage reflect correct social marketing messages?

    PubMed

    Jones, Sandra C

    2004-01-01

    Early detection of breast cancer by mammographic screening has the potential to dramatically reduce mortality rates, but many women do not comply with screening recommendations. The media are an important source of health information for many women--through both direct social marketing advertisements and indirect dissemination of information via editorial content. This study investigated the accuracy of breast cancer detection messages in the top-selling Australian women's magazines and three weekend newspapers in the six-month period from December 2000 to May 2001 that included any reference to breast cancer and found that current coverage of breast cancer in the Australian print media conveys messages that are unlikely to encourage appropriate screening.

  6. EDITORIAL: Non-volatile memory based on nanostructures Non-volatile memory based on nanostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalinin, Sergei; Yang, J. Joshua; Demming, Anna

    2011-06-01

    Nature Mat. 8 229 [9] Tsuruoka T, Terabe K, Hasegawa T, and Aono M 2010 Nanotechnology 21 425205 [10] Waser R and Aono M 2007 Nature Mat. 6 833 [11] Sawa A 2008 Materials Today 11 28 [12] Strukov D B, Snider G S, Stewart D R and Williams R S 2008 Nature 453 80 Changes were made to this Editorial on 16 May 2011. An author was added to the Editorial.

  7. Persistent Organic Pollutants and Heavy Metal Concentrations in Soil from the Metropolitan Area of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Orta-García, Sandra Teresa; Ochoa-Martinez, Angeles Catalina; Carrizalez-Yáñez, Leticia; Varela-Silva, José Antonio; Pérez-Vázquez, Francisco Javier; Pruneda-Álvarez, Lucia Guadalupe; Torres-Dosal, Arturo; Guzmán-Mar, Jorge Luis; Pérez-Maldonado, Iván N

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (DDE), and four heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, and lead) in outdoor surface soils (50 samples) collected from the metropolitan area of Monterrey in Mexico. Total PBDEs levels ranged from 1.80 to 127 µg/kg, with mean total PBDEs level of 14.2 ± 21.5 µg/kg (geometric mean ± standard deviation). For PCBs, the mean total level in the studied soils was 23.5 ± 20.2 µg/kg (range 4.0-65.5 µg/kg). An important finding in our study was that all soil samples (100%) had detectable levels of the metabolite p,p'-DDE. Moreover, the mean total DDT level (∑p'p-DDT and p'p-DDE) was approximately 132 ± 175 µg/kg. The mean levels for arsenic, cadmium, and lead in soil were 5.30 ± 1.35 (range 1.55-7.85) mg/kg, 2.20 ± 1.20 (range 0.65-6.40) mg/kg, and 455 ± 204 (range 224-1230) mg/kg, respectively. Our study has several limitations, the most notable of which is the small sample of soils evaluated. However, this screening study provided concentration data for the occurrence of POPs and four heavy metals in soil from the metropolitan area of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, and taking into consideration that soil is an important pathway of exposure for people, a biomonitoring program for the surveillance of the general population in the metropolitan area of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon is deemed necessary.

  8. EDITORIAL: (Nano)characterization of semiconductor materials and structures (Nano)characterization of semiconductor materials and structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonanni, Alberta

    2011-06-01

    The latest impressive advancements in the epitaxial fabrication of semiconductors and in the refinement of characterization techniques have the potential to allow insight into the deep relation between materials' structural properties and their physical and chemical functionalities. Furthermore, while the comprehensive (nano)characterization of semiconductor materials and structures is becoming more and more necessary, a compendium of the currently available techniques is lacking. We are positive that an overview of the hurdles related to the specific methods, often leading to deceptive interpretations, will be most informative for the broad community working on semiconductors, and will help in shining some light onto a plethora of controversial reports found in the literature. From this perspective, with this special issue we address and highlight the challenges and misinterpretations related to complementary local (nanoscale) and more global experimental methods for the characterization of semiconductors. The six topical reviews and the three invited papers by leading experts in the specific fields collected in here are intended to provide the required broad overview on the possibilities of actual (nano)characterization methods, from the microscopy of single quantum structures, over the synchrotron-based absorption and diffraction of nano-objects, to the contentious detection of tiny magnetic signals by quantum interference and resonance techniques. We are grateful to all the authors for their valuable contributions. Moreover, I would like to thank the Editorial Board of the journal for supporting the realization of this special issue and for inviting me to serve as Guest Editor. We greatly appreciate the work of the reviewers, of the editorial staff of Semiconductor Science and Technology and of IOP Publishing. In particular, the efforts of Alice Malhador in coordinating this special issue are acknowledged.

  9. Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal 50th anniversary editorial board commentary: anatomy, basic sciences, and genetics--then and now.

    PubMed

    Mooney, Mark P; Cooper, Gregory M; Marazita, Mary L

    2014-05-01

    To celebrate the 50th year of the Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal we look back to where we started in 1964 and where we are now, and we speculate about directions for the future in a "Then and Now" editorial series. This editorial examines changing trends and perspectives in anatomical, basic science, and genetic studies published in this 50-year interval. In volume 1 there were 45 total papers, seven (16%) of which were peer-reviewed basic science and genetic articles published: four in anatomy, three in craniofacial biology, and none in genetics. In contrast, in volume 50, of 113 articles there were 47 (42%) peer-reviewed basic science and genetic articles published: 30 in anatomy, five in craniofacial biology, and 12 in genetics. Topical analysis of published manuscripts then and now reveal that similar topics in anatomy and craniofacial biology are still being researched today (e.g., phenotypic variability, optimal timing of surgery, presurgical orthopedics, bone grafting); whereas, most of the more recent papers use advanced technology to address old questions. In contrast, genetic publications have clearly increased in frequency during the last 50 years, which parallels advances in the field during this time. However, all of us have noticed that the more "cutting-edge" papers in these areas are not being submitted for publication to the journal, but instead to discipline-specific journals. Concerted efforts are therefore indicated to attract and publish these cutting-edge papers in order to keep the Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal in the forefront of orofacial cleft and craniofacial anomaly research and to provide a valuable service to American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association members.

  10. Do celebrity endorsements matter? Observational study of BRCA gene testing and mastectomy rates after Angelina Jolie’s New York Times editorial

    PubMed Central

    Desai, Sunita

    2016-01-01

    Objective To examine the effect on BRCA testing and mastectomy rates of a widely viewed 2013 New York Times editorial by public figure Angelina Jolie that endorsed BRCA testing and announced Jolie’s decision to undergo preventive mastectomy. Design Observational study with difference-in-difference analysis. Setting Commercially insured US population. Participants Women aged 18-64 years with claims in the Truven MarketScan commercial claims database (n=9 532 836). Main outcome measures Changes in BRCA testing rates in the 15 business days before versus after 14 May 2013 (editorial date) compared with the change in the same period in 2012; mastectomy rates in the months before and after publication, both overall and within 60 days of BRCA testing among women who were tested; national estimates of incremental tests and expenditures associated with Jolie’s article in the 15 days after publication. Results Daily BRCA test rates increased immediately after the 2013 editorial, from 0.71 tests/100 000 women in the 15 business days before to 1.13 tests/100 000 women in the 15 business days after publication. In comparison, daily test rates were similar in the same period in 2012 (0.58/100 000 women in the 15 business days before 14 May versus 0.55/100 000 women in the 15 business days after), implying a difference-in-difference absolute daily increase of 0.45 tests/100 000 women or a 64% relative increase (P<0.001). The editorial was associated with an estimated increase of 4500 BRCA tests and $13.5m (£10.8m; €12.8) expenditure nationally among commercially insured adult women in those 15 days. Increased BRCA testing rates were sustained throughout 2013. Overall mastectomy rates remained unchanged in the months after publication, but 60 day mastectomy rates among women who had a BRCA test fell from 10% in the months before publication to 7% in the months after publication, suggesting that women who underwent tests as a result of to the editorial

  11. [The processes of manuscript evaluation and publication in Medicina Clínica. The editorial committee of Medicina Clínica].

    PubMed

    Ribera, Josep M; Cardellach, Francesc; Selva, Albert

    2005-12-01

    The decision-making process includes a series of activities undertaken in biomedical journals from the moment a manuscript is received until it is accepted or rejected. Firstly, the manuscript is evaluated by the members of the Editorial Board, who analyze both its suitability for the journal and its scientific quality. After this initial evaluation, the article is evaluated by peer reviewers, an essential process to guarantee its scientific validity. Both the Editorial Board and the peer reviewers usually use checklists which are of enormous help in this task. Once the biomedical article has been accepted, the publication process is started, which in turn includes a series of steps, beginning with technical and medical review of the article's contents and ending with the article's publication in the journal. The present article provides a detailed description of the main technical and ethical issues involved in the processes of decision-making and publication of biomedical articles.

  12. EDITORIAL: Non-polar and semipolar nitride semiconductors Non-polar and semipolar nitride semiconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Jung; Kneissl, Michael

    2012-02-01

    -nitride-based laser diodes is compared. Leung et al discuss the optical emission characteristics of semipolar (1122) GaN light-emitting diodes on m-sapphire and stripe-etched r-sapphire, and Jung et al present results on high brightness non-polar a-plane GaN light-emitting diodes. Finally, in a review Konar et al discuss the charge transport in non- and semipolar III-V nitride heterostructures, and Ishida et al present the latest results on non-polar AlGaN/GaN HFETs with a normally-off operation. Overall, we think that this special issue of Semiconductor Science and Technology provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in the field on non-polar and semipolar nitride materials and devices. In view of the rapidly growing interest in this field, the demonstrated enhanced device performance and the wide range of applications, this special issue can be considered a very timely contribution. Finally, we would like to thank the IOP editorial staff, in particular Jarlath McKenna, for their support, and we would also like to thank all contributors for their efforts in making this special issue possible.

  13. EDITORIAL: Focus on High Energy Cosmic Rays FOCUS ON HIGH ENERGY COSMIC RAYS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teshima, Masahiro; Watson, Alan A.

    2009-06-01

    regard to the energy spectrum of the highest energy cosmic rays. The remaining contributions are of a more theoretical nature and discuss propagation (T Stanev), the time structure of multi-messenger signals (G H W Sigl), ultra-high energy cosmic ray production near black holes (A Yu Neronov, D V Semikoz and I I Tkachev), production in jets associated with black holes (C D Dermer, S Razzaque, J Finke and A Atoyan) and emission from a specific object, Cen A (M Kachelriess, S S Ostapchenko and R Tomas). Additionally the potential of high energy cosmic rays to give information about features of hadronic interactions, specifically the cross-section for p-air collisions, is discussed in the paper by R Ulrich et al. We thank all our authors most sincerely for their efforts and Tim Smith and his editorial team for their hard work. We believe that this collection of articles will be of great value to workers in the field: further contributions to this focus issue will be published during the course of 2009. Focus on High Energy Cosmic Rays Contents The cosmic ray energy spectrum as measured using the Pierre Auger Observatory Giorgio Matthiae The northern site of the Pierre Auger Observatory Johannes Blümer and the Pierre Auger Collaboration Searching for new physics with ultrahigh energy cosmic rays Floyd W Stecker and Sean T Scully On the measurement of the proton-air cross section using air shower data R Ulrich, J Blümer, R Engel, F Schüssler and M Unger High energy radiation from Centaurus A M Kachelrieß, S Ostapchenko and R Tomàs Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays from black hole jets of radio galaxies C D Dermer, S Razzaque, J D Finke and A Atoyan Ultra-high energy cosmic ray production in the polar cap regions of black hole magnetospheres A Yu Neronov, D V Semikoz and I I Tkachev Time structure and multi-messenger signatures of ultra-high energy cosmic ray sources Günter Sigl Propagation of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays Todor Stanev Search for the end of the energy

  14. [Which recent results in Oncology and Hematology will have an impact on our practices? The point of vue of Bulletin du Cancer editorial board].

    PubMed

    Vignot, Stéphane; André, Thierry; Gonçalves, Anthony; Guièze, Romain; Magné, Nicolas; Orbach, Daniel; Penel, Nicolas; Thariat, Juliette; Wislez, Marie; Bay, Jacques-Olivier

    2017-01-01

    Among the results presented at international congresses or published in scientific journals, which are those that have a real impact on daily practice? Every year, the editorial board of the Bulletin du Cancer proposes a selection of key data in oncology and hematology. The objective is to discuss results that change or reinforce the strategies in 2016 but also identify key information for our reflections in 2017.

  15. Editorial for the Special Issue 100 Years of Chronogeometrodynamics: The Status of the Einstein's Theory of Gravitation in Its Centennial Year

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iorio, Lorenzo

    2015-04-01

    The present Editorial introduces the Special Issue dedicated by the journal Universe to the General Theory of Relativity, the beautiful theory of gravitation of Einstein, a century after its birth. It reviews some of its key features in a historical perspective, and, in welcoming distinguished researchers from all over the world to contribute it, some of the main topics at the forefront of the current research are outlined.

  16. Self-reported conflicts of interest of authors, trial sponsorship, and the interpretation of editorials and related phase III trials in oncology.

    PubMed

    Bariani, Giovanni M; de Celis Ferrari, Anezka C R; Hoff, Paulo M; Krzyzanowska, Monika K; Riechelmann, Rachel P

    2013-06-20

    Growing participation by industry in cancer research has resulted in increased reporting of conflicts of interest (COI). We aimed to test any association between authors' conclusions and self-reported COI or trial sponsorship in cancer studies. Editorials and related phase III trials published in six clinical oncology journals in the last 3.5 years were analyzed independently by two investigators who classified study conclusions according to authors' endorsement of the experimental therapy. Logistic regression multivariable models were used to assess predictors of favorable conclusions of editorialists and of phase III authors. From January 2008 to October 2011, 1,485 articles were retrieved: 150 phase III trials and 150 editorials were eligible. Among the phase III trials, 82 (54.7%) had positive results, and 78 (52.0%) were entirely or partially funded by industry. Any COI were disclosed in 103 phase III trials (68.7%) and in 71 editorials (47.3%). Multivariable analysis showed that phase III trial results were the only significant predictor for a positive conclusion by trial authors (odds ratio [OR], 92.2; 95% CI, 19.7 to 431.6; P < .001). Sponsorship did not predict for positive conclusion by phase III authors (OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.3 to 2.5; P = .788). The only factor associated with positive conclusions by editorial authors was a positive conclusion by phase III trial authors (OR, 36.3; 95% CI, 6.8 to 194.2; P < .001). The interpretation of recently published phase III cancer trials by their authors or by editorialists was not influenced by financial relationships or industry sponsorship. Increased awareness of COI policies may have led to more integrity in cancer research reporting.

  17. What do the JAMA editors say when they discuss manuscripts that they are considering for publication? Developing a schema for classifying the content of editorial discussion

    PubMed Central

    Dickersin, Kay; Ssemanda, Elizabeth; Mansell, Catherine; Rennie, Drummond

    2007-01-01

    Background In an effort to identify previously unrecognized aspects of editorial decision-making, we explored the words and phrases that one group of editors used during their meetings. Methods We performed an observational study of discussions at manuscript meetings at JAMA, a major US general medical journal. One of us (KD) attended 12 editorial meetings in 2003 as a visitor and took notes recording phrases from discussion surrounding 102 manuscripts. In addition, editors attending the meetings completed a form for each manuscript considered, listing the reasons they were inclined to proceed to the next step in publication and reasons they were not (DR attended 4/12 meetings). We entered the spoken and written phrases into NVivo 2.0. We then developed a schema for classifying the editors' phrases, using an iterative approach. Results Our classification schema has three main themes: science, journalism, and writing. We considered 2,463 phrases, of which 87 related mainly to the manuscript topic and were not classified (total 2,376 classified). Phrases related to science predominated (1,274 or 54%). The editors, most of whom were physicians, also placed major weight on goals important to JAMA's mission (journalism goals) such as importance to medicine, strategic emphasis for the journal, interest to the readership, and results (729 or 31% of phrases). About 16% (n = 373) of the phrases used related to writing issues, such as clarity and responses to the referees' comments. Conclusion Classification of editorial discourse provides insight into editorial decision making and concepts that need exploration in future studies. PMID:17894854

  18. What do the JAMA editors say when they discuss manuscripts that they are considering for publication? Developing a schema for classifying the content of editorial discussion.

    PubMed

    Dickersin, Kay; Ssemanda, Elizabeth; Mansell, Catherine; Rennie, Drummond

    2007-09-25

    In an effort to identify previously unrecognized aspects of editorial decision-making, we explored the words and phrases that one group of editors used during their meetings. We performed an observational study of discussions at manuscript meetings at JAMA, a major US general medical journal. One of us (KD) attended 12 editorial meetings in 2003 as a visitor and took notes recording phrases from discussion surrounding 102 manuscripts. In addition, editors attending the meetings completed a form for each manuscript considered, listing the reasons they were inclined to proceed to the next step in publication and reasons they were not (DR attended 4/12 meetings). We entered the spoken and written phrases into NVivo 2.0. We then developed a schema for classifying the editors' phrases, using an iterative approach. Our classification schema has three main themes: science, journalism, and writing. We considered 2,463 phrases, of which 87 related mainly to the manuscript topic and were not classified (total 2,376 classified). Phrases related to science predominated (1,274 or 54%). The editors, most of whom were physicians, also placed major weight on goals important to JAMA's mission (journalism goals) such as importance to medicine, strategic emphasis for the journal, interest to the readership, and results (729 or 31% of phrases). About 16% (n = 373) of the phrases used related to writing issues, such as clarity and responses to the referees' comments. Classification of editorial discourse provides insight into editorial decision making and concepts that need exploration in future studies.

  19. Editorial EPJ: AP at the turn of the century the right moment for a new take-off?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colliex, Christian; Huignard, Jean-Pierre

    2001-01-01

    Applied Physics is now turning into its fourth year of existence. It has survived in spite of a hard childhood. Michel Sauzade, our co-editor in chief, passed away suddenly at the end of the first year. As he had been very positive into our common task of launching this new Journal, resulting from the merging of Journal de Physique III with Microscopy, Microanalysis, Microstructures , the situation became quite critical. Furthermore this sad event was superposed to all the problems which a new title has to face within the present context of strong competition between journals and with the electronic press. We could continue, mostly thanks to the efforts of all members of the Editorial Board, and in particular of the most ancient ones, whom I want to warmly thank for their permanent support all along these past years. It seems now reasonable to strike a first balance after three years of publication. All indicators, relative to the numbers of manuscript submissions, to the rate of acceptance, to the widening of the geographic origin, to the distribution between the major topics, suggest that we are heading into the right direction. However, the changes have not yet been sufficiently established. We definitely need more manuscripts of high quality from all around the world, and in particular from European countries, in order to improve the fit of the content of the journal with its title. The situation is now ready for building a more stable organisation of the Editorial Board. Two Editors-in-Chief have therefore been appointed, one of them covering the Materials Science topics and the second one being in charge of the other subjects with a strong emphasis on the Optics, Photonics and Electronics sections. The Editorial Committee is being renewed by half, in order to adapt more consistently the extent of the competence which they represent to a field of research and development in rapid evolution. This will also show through the changes introduced into the definition

  20. EDITORIAL: New scope for Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics New scope for Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roche, Olivia; Margaritondo, Giorgio

    2011-10-01

    After five years of significant growth and development, and with the Impact Factor (IF) now firmly placed over 2.0, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics (JPhysD) has seen a double change at the helm in the last 12 months. Giorgio Margaritondo from École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland took over as Editor-in-Chief from Pallab Bhattacharya, while Olivia Roche took over as Publisher from Sarah Quin. We inherited a strong, successful journal. With its IF of 2.105, excellent publication times and flexible, responsive management, JPhysD has established itself as the place to publish high-quality research papers in applied physics. Having introduced Fast Track Communications (FTCs) in 2008, we also became an outlet for short, high-impact letter-like articles. FTCs, with their particularly strict refereeing, add an extra mark of quality to the content. We are keen to continue developing and strengthening the journal to make it the first choice for authors and readers. We are lucky to be working in the exciting, rapidly-changing field of applied physics. The pace of development can sometimes be breathtaking. One of our first actions on taking over the journal was to look again at its scope. We felt it was time to respond to all the recent developments, to ensure that our scope encompasses the latest, cutting-edge research topics—so that it matches the reality of applied physics today. The first issue of the journal that will see this new scope implemented will be issue 41 of this volume. We would like to thank the entire Editorial Board for their hard work during this scope review. The greatest change during this review has been the merging of two sections, 'Functional surfaces and interfaces' and 'Structure and properties of matter', into a new section entitled 'Condensed matter, interfaces and related nanostructures'. This change reflects the significant developments in these connected fields in recent years, particularly the natural evolution of