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Sample records for efficient one-pot synthesis

  1. An efficient one-pot four-segment condensation method for protein chemical synthesis.

    PubMed

    Tang, Shan; Si, Yan-Yan; Wang, Zhi-Peng; Mei, Kun-Rong; Chen, Xin; Cheng, Jing-Yuan; Zheng, Ji-Shen; Liu, Lei

    2015-05-04

    Successive peptide ligation using a one-pot method can improve the efficiency of protein chemical synthesis. Although one-pot three-segment ligation has enjoyed widespread application, a robust method for one-pot four-segment ligation had to date remained undeveloped. Herein we report a new one-pot multisegment peptide ligation method that can be used to condense up to four segments with operational simplicity and high efficiency. Its practicality is demonstrated by the one-pot four-segment synthesis of a plant protein, crambin, and a human chemokine, hCCL21. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Pot economy and one-pot synthesis

    PubMed Central

    Hayashi, Yujiro

    2016-01-01

    The one-pot synthesis of a target molecule in the same reaction vessel is widely considered to be an efficient approach in synthetic organic chemistry. In this review, the characteristics and limitations of various one-pot syntheses of biologically active molecules are explained, primarily involving organocatalytic methods as key tactics. Besides catalysis, the pot-economy concepts presented herein are also applicable to organometallic and organic reaction methods in general. PMID:28791118

  3. Pot economy and one-pot synthesis.

    PubMed

    Hayashi, Yujiro

    2016-02-01

    The one-pot synthesis of a target molecule in the same reaction vessel is widely considered to be an efficient approach in synthetic organic chemistry. In this review, the characteristics and limitations of various one-pot syntheses of biologically active molecules are explained, primarily involving organocatalytic methods as key tactics. Besides catalysis, the pot-economy concepts presented herein are also applicable to organometallic and organic reaction methods in general.

  4. An efficient one-pot synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of novel chromeno-pyrimidine derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suresh, Lingala; Kumar, P. Sagar Vijay; Chandramouli, G. V. P.

    2017-04-01

    A simple and efficient one-pot three component, green protocol was established for the synthesis of chromenopyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives starting from 3-amino-pyrano[2,3-c]chromene-2-carbonitrile, N,N-dimethylformamide dimethylacetal and aromatic amines in the presence of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulphate[Bmim]HSO4 ionic liquid. The present procedure offers a domino reaction strategy, cleaner conversion, short reaction times and high yields. Among the screened derivatives, the compounds 4g and 4h were identified as lead molecules which established promising antimicrobial towards Gram-positive bacterial strains such as Staphylococcus aureus MTCC 96, Staphylococcus aureus MLS16 MTCC 2940 and Bacillus subtilis MTCC 121.

  5. An Efficient, Microwave-Assisted, One-Pot Synthesis of Indoles Under Sonogashira Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Yu; Markina, Nataliya A.; Larock, Richard C.

    2009-01-01

    A microwave-assisted, one-pot, three-component coupling reaction for the synthesis of indoles has been developed. The reaction is carried out in two steps under standard Sonogashira coupling conditions from an N-substituted/N,N-disubstituted 2-iodoaniline and a terminal alkyne, followed by the addition of acetonitrile and an aryl iodide. A variety of polysubstituted indoles have been prepared in moderate to excellent yields using the present method. PMID:20160894

  6. Silica: An efficient catalyst for one-pot regioselective synthesis of dithioethers

    PubMed Central

    Kundu, Samir; Roy, Babli

    2014-01-01

    Summary The development of a silica-promoted highly selective synthesis of 1,2 or 1,3-dithioethers via solvent-free one-pot tandem reactions of an allyl bromide with excess thiol at room temperature is described. The choice of silica gel, either pre-calcined or moistened with water, exhibited notable regioselectivity in the formation of dithioethers. Plausible mechanistic routes were explored and postulated. PMID:24454561

  7. Highly efficient one-pot three-component synthesis of naphthopyran derivatives in water catalyzed by hydroxyapatite

    EPA Science Inventory

    An expeditious and efficient protocol for the synthesis of naphthopyrans has been developed that proceeds via one-pot three-component sequential reaction in water catalyzed by hydroxyapatite or sodium-modified-hydroxyapatite. The title compounds have been obtained in high yield a...

  8. Aqueous hydrotrope: an efficient and reusable medium for a green one-pot, diversity-oriented synthesis of quinazolinone derivatives.

    PubMed

    Patil, Amol; Barge, Madhuri; Rashinkar, Gajanan; Salunkhe, Rajashri

    2015-08-01

    A library of quinazolinones was prepared by the one-pot three-component reaction of isatoic anhydride, ammonium salts/amines, and various electrophiles using aqueous hydrotropic solution as an efficient, economical, reusable, and green medium giving good to excellent yields of products in very short time. The method offers a versatile way for the development of diversity-oriented synthesis of quinazolinones.

  9. Efficient one-pot three-component synthesis of N-(4-arylthiazol-2-yl) hydrazones in water under ultrasound irradiation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dong-Nuan; Li, Ji-Tai; Song, Ya-Li; Liu, Hui-Min; Li, Hong-Ya

    2012-05-01

    A highly efficient and facile one-pot three-component synthesis of N-(4-arylthiazol-2-yl) hydrazones was carried out in excellent yield without any catalyst in water under ultrasound irradiation. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Highly efficient one-pot three-component synthesis of naphthopyran derivatives in water catalyzed by hydroxyapatite

    EPA Science Inventory

    An expeditious and efficient protocol for the synthesis of naphthopyrans has been developed that proceeds via one-pot three-component sequential reaction in water catalyzed by hydroxyapatite or sodium-modified-hydroxyapatite. The title compounds have been obtained in high yield a...

  11. Efficient One-Pot Synthesis of Colloidal Zirconium Oxide Nanoparticles for High-Refractive-Index Nanocomposites.

    PubMed

    Liu, Chao; Hajagos, Tibor Jacob; Chen, Dustin; Chen, Yi; Kishpaugh, David; Pei, Qibing

    2016-02-01

    Zirconium oxide nanoparticles are promising candidates for optical engineering, photocatalysis, and high-κ dielectrics. However, reported synthetic methods for the colloidal zirconium oxide nanoparticles use unstable alkoxide precursors and have various other drawbacks, limiting their wide application. Here, we report a facile one-pot method for the synthesis of colloidally stable zirconium oxide nanoparticles. Using a simple solution of zirconium trifluoroacetate in oleylamine, highly stable zirconium oxide nanoparticles have been synthesized with high yield, following a proposed amidization-assisted sol-gel mechanism. The nanoparticles can be readily dispersed in nonpolar solvents, forming a long-term stable transparent solution, which can be further used to fabricate high-refractive-index nanocomposites in both monolith and thin-film forms. In addition, the same method has also been extended to the synthesis of titanium oxide nanoparticles, demonstrating its general applicability to all group IVB metal oxide nanoparticles.

  12. Solvent-Free Green and Efficient One-Pot Synthesis of Dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromene Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Shubha; Rajguru, Deepika; Keshwal, Balwant S.; Acharya, Aman D.

    2013-01-01

    A rapid, clean, and highly efficient method for synthesis of dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromene derivatives by one-pot, three-component condensation of aromatic aldehydes, malononitrile, and 4-hydroxycoumarin using DABCO as catalyst in solvent-free neat conditions is described. The present method has the advantages of mild reaction conditions, short reaction times, easy isolation of products, and excellent yields. PMID:24282643

  13. Direct one-pot synthesis of glutathione capped hydrophilic FePt-CdS nanoprobe for efficient bimodal imaging application.

    PubMed

    Jha, Deepak K; Saikia, Koushik; Chakrabarti, Srijita; Bhattacharya, Kakoli; Varadarajan, Komanduri S; Patel, Anant B; Goyary, Danswrang; Chattopadhyay, P; Deb, P

    2017-03-01

    One-pot synthesis methods for development of hydrophilic imaging nanoprobes have advantages over multi-pot methods due to their simple procedures, less probability for degradation of efficiency, superior control over growth and morphology, cost effectiveness, improved scope for scale-up synthesis etc. Here, we present a novel one-pot facile synthesis of hydrophilic colloidal bimodal nanoprobe (FePt-CdS) prepared through a seed-mediated nucleation and growth technique. In this facile synthesis of complex nanostructure, glutathione (GSH) was used as the capping agent to render biocompatibility and dispersibility. The microstructure, surface, optical, magnetic, biocompatibility, relaxivity and imaging property of the developed nanoprobe have been studied. The microstructural characterizations reveal average size of the particle as ~9-11nm with bleb shaped morphology. Spectroscopic characterization depicts the development of GSH capped CdS QDs on FePt, surface functionalities and their stability. The magnetic measurements confirm the superparamagnetic property in the developed bimodal nanoprobe. In addition, the GSH capping imparts excellent biocompatibility, water dispersibility, and fluorescence property to the probe. In RAW 264.7 macrophage cells, the bimodal nanoprobes exhibit intense green and red fluorescence. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and fluorescence imaging (FI) study depict high transverse relaxivity and visible range fluorescent property in the synthesized FePt-CdS nanoprobe. Hence, the developed bimodal nanoprobe can be used as a potential candidate in simultaneous FI and MR imaging. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Facile and efficient one-pot synthesis of 2-arylbenzoxazoles using hydrogen tetrachloroaurate as catalyst under oxygen atmosphere*

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Yun-kui; Mao, Da-jie; Lou, Shao-jie; Qian, Jian-qiang; Xu, Zhen-yuan

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we presented a novel method for the facile and efficient one-pot synthesis of 2-arylbenzoxazoles, which were directly synthesized from 2-aminophenol and aldehydes catalyzed by hydrogen tetrachloroaurate (HAuCl4·4H2O) under an oxygen atmosphere with anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF) as solvent or in solvent-free condition. The results show that this method could bring excellent yields as high as 96%. THF was proven to be the best choice among several solvents screened and the reaction was tolerated with a variety of aromatic aldehydes possessing electron-donating or withdrawing groups. The advantages of the present method lie in catalytic process using economic and environmentally benign dioxygen as oxidant. PMID:19489113

  15. One pot, rapid and efficient synthesis of water dispersible gold nanoparticles using alpha-amino acids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wangoo, Nishima; Kaur, Sarabjit; Bajaj, Manish; Jain, D. V. S.; Sharma, Rohit K.

    2014-10-01

    A detailed study on the synthesis of spherical and monodispersed gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using all of the 20 naturally occurring α-amino acids has been reported. The synthesized nanoparticles have been further characterized using various techniques such as absorbance spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and nuclear magnetic resonance. Size control of the nanoparticles has been achieved by varying the ratio of the gold ion to the amino acid. These monodispersed water soluble AuNPs synthesized using non-toxic, naturally occurring α-amino acids as reducing and capping/stabilizing agents serve as a remarkable example of green chemistry.

  16. Novel and efficient one-pot tandem synthesis of 2-styryl-substituted 4(3H)-quinazolinones.

    PubMed

    Dabiri, Minoo; Baghbanzadeh, Mostafa; Delbari, Akram Sadat

    2008-01-01

    A novel one-pot tandem synthesis of 2-styryl-4(3 H)-quinazolinones in an acidic ionic liquid is reported. In this procedure isatoic anhydride, a primary aniline or ammonium acetate, and triethylorthoacetate are reacted in the presence of imidazolium trifluoroacetate [Hmim]TFA. Subsequently an aromatic aldehyde is added to the mixture to afford the title compounds in high to excellent yields.

  17. Trypsin-catalyzed multicomponent reaction: A novel and efficient one-pot synthesis of thiazole-2-imine derivatives.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Junbin; Huang, Xingtian; Zhang, Zhuan; Song, Ping; Li, Yiqun

    2017-01-10

    The first Trypsin from porcine pancreas catalyzed a novel one-pot three-component reaction of α-bromoketone, primary alkylamines, and phenylisothiocyanate for the synthesis of thiazole-imine derivatives with high yields (up to 98%) in a short time under mild conditions. The results revealed that Trypsin exhibited excellent catalytic activity and great tolerance for broad substrates. This Trypsin-catalyzed three component convergent method provides a novel strategy for the synthesis of thiazole-2-imine derivatives and expands the promiscuous functions of enzymes in organic synthesis.

  18. Inspired by efficient cellulose-dissolving system: Facile one-pot synthesis of biomass-based hydrothermal magnetic carbonaceous materials.

    PubMed

    Ma, Jian-Feng; Xing, Jian-Xiong; Wang, Kun; Yang, Hai-Yan; Fei, Ben-Hua; Liu, Xing-E

    2017-05-15

    The core-shell structure of carbon encapsulated magnetic nanoparticles (CEMNs) displays unique properties. Enhancing the magnetization of iron core, in parallel, improving the encapsulation of carbon shell are the two major challenges in the synthesis of CEMNs. Inspired by efficient cellulose-dissolving system, carbon encapsulated magnetic nano-Fe3O4 particles (Fe3O4@C) with ∼10.0nm Fe3O4 cores and 1.9-3.3nm carbon shell, were successfully one-pot synthesized via a novel hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process. The dissolving process in ionic liquids ([Emim]Ac and [Amim]Cl) completely cleaved the intra- and intermolecular H-bonds in cellulose, and favored the incorporation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles into the cellulose H-bonds systems during the regeneration process. Some stable linkages were formed in Fe3O4@C, taking Fe3O4 nanoparticles as a structure guiding agent. The morphology and properties of Fe3O4@C depended strongly on the type of carbon precursors and pyrolysis temperature. Well encapsulated nanostructure was obtained at HTC temperature 280°C, when [Emim]Ac-treated holocellulose was used as the carbon source. Meanwhile, the thickness of the amorphous shell and magnetization increased with HTC temperature. More importantly, a novel elements for understanding the growth mechanism for the Fe3O4@C composite under HTC conditions was proposed.

  19. Polyoxometalate-mediated one-pot synthesis of Pd nanocrystals with controlled morphologies for efficient chemical and electrochemical catalysis.

    PubMed

    Kim, Dongheun; Seog, Ji Hyun; Kim, Minjune; Yang, MinHo; Gillette, Eleanor; Lee, Sang Bok; Han, Sang Woo

    2015-03-27

    Polyoxometalates (POMs), as inorganic ligands, can endow metal nanocrystals (NCs) with unique reactivities on account of their characteristic redox properties. In the present work, we present a facile POM-mediated one-pot aqueous synthesis method for the production of single-crystalline Pd NCs with controlled shapes and sizes. The POMs could function as both reducing and stabilizing agents in the formation of NCs, and thus gave a fine control over the nucleation and growth kinetics of NCs. The prepared POM-stabilized Pd NCs exhibited excellent catalytic activity and stability for electrocatalytic (formic acid oxidation) and catalytic (Suzuki coupling) reactions compared to Pd NCs prepared without the POMs. This shows that the POMs play a pivotal role in determining the catalytic performance, as well as the growth, of NCs. We envision that the present approach can offer a convenient way to develop efficient NC-based catalyst systems. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Gold Nanoparticles Supported on a Layered Double Hydroxide as Efficient Catalysts for the One-Pot Synthesis of Flavones.

    PubMed

    Yatabe, Takafumi; Jin, Xiongjie; Yamaguchi, Kazuya; Mizuno, Noritaka

    2015-11-02

    Flavones are a class of natural products with diverse biological activities and have frequently been synthesized by step-by-step procedures using stoichiometric amounts of reagents. Herein, a catalytic one-pot procedure for the synthesis of flavone and its derivatives is developed. In the presence of gold nanoparticles supported on a Mg-Al layered double hydroxide (Au/LDH), various kinds of flavones can be synthesized starting from 2'-hydroxyacetophenones and benzaldehydes (or benzyl alcohols). The present one-pot procedure consists of a sequence of several reactions, and Au/LDH can catalyze all these different types of reactions. The catalysis is shown to be truly heterogeneous, and Au/LDH can be readily recovered and reused. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. One-pot synthesis of (-)-Ambrox

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Shaoxiang; Tian, Hongyu; Sun, Baoguo; Liu, Yongguo; Hao, Yanfeng; Lv, Yanyu

    2016-09-01

    (-)-Ambrox is recognised as the prototype of all ambergris odorants. Widely used in perfumery, (-)-Ambrox is an important ingredient due to its unique scent and excellent fixative function. An environmentally friendly and practical preparation of (-)-Ambrox is still unavailable at present although a lot of attention has been paid to this hot research topic for many years. A one-pot synthesis of (-)-Ambrox was studied starting from (-)-sclareol through oxidation with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of a quaternary ammonium phosphomolybdate catalyst {[C5H5NC16H33] [H2PMo12O40]}, which gave the product a 20% overall yield.

  2. One-pot synthesis of (-)-Ambrox.

    PubMed

    Yang, Shaoxiang; Tian, Hongyu; Sun, Baoguo; Liu, Yongguo; Hao, Yanfeng; Lv, Yanyu

    2016-09-01

    (-)-Ambrox is recognised as the prototype of all ambergris odorants. Widely used in perfumery, (-)-Ambrox is an important ingredient due to its unique scent and excellent fixative function. An environmentally friendly and practical preparation of (-)-Ambrox is still unavailable at present although a lot of attention has been paid to this hot research topic for many years. A one-pot synthesis of (-)-Ambrox was studied starting from (-)-sclareol through oxidation with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of a quaternary ammonium phosphomolybdate catalyst {[C5H5NC16H33] [H2PMo12O40]}, which gave the product a 20% overall yield.

  3. One-pot synthesis of 2,4,5-trisubstituted imidazoles using [BPy]H2PO4, an efficient and recyclable catalyst.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yuliang; Zhou, Zhongqiang

    2013-01-01

    [BPy]H(2)PO(4) was easily prepared and used as an efficient and recyclable catalyst for the one-pot synthesis of 2,4,5-trisubstituted imidazoles under solvent-free conditions in good to excellent yields. Solvent-free conditions, simple experimental and workup procedures, and the use of a nontoxic, recyclable catalyst of an environmentally benign nature are remarkable features of the procedure.

  4. Meglumine: A novel and efficient catalyst for one-pot, three-component combinatorial synthesis of functionalized 2-amino-4H-pyrans.

    PubMed

    Guo, Rui-Yun; An, Zhi-Min; Mo, Li-Ping; Wang, Rui-Zhi; Liu, Hong-Xia; Wang, Shu-Xia; Zhang, Zhan-Hui

    2013-11-11

    An efficient one-pot synthesis of functionalized 2-amino-4H-pyrans by a meglumine-catalyzed three-component reaction has been developed. A broad range of substrates including aromatic and heteroaromatic aldehydes, isatin derivatives, and acenaphthenequinone are condensed with enolizable C-H activated compounds and alkylmalonates to give the desired products in high to excellent yields. This methodology provides an alternative approach for rapid access to construct a diversity-oriented library of 4H-pyrans.

  5. One-Pot Large-Scale Synthesis of Carbon Quantum Dots: Efficient Cathode Interlayers for Polymer Solar Cells.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yuzhao; Lin, Xiaofeng; Li, Wenlang; Ou, Jiemei; Yuan, Zhongke; Xie, Fangyan; Hong, Wei; Yu, Dingshan; Ma, Yuguang; Chi, Zhenguo; Chen, Xudong

    2017-05-03

    Cathode interlayers (CILs) with low-cost, low-toxicity, and excellent cathode modification ability are necessary for the large-scale industrialization of polymer solar cells (PSCs). In this contribution, we demonstrated one-pot synthesized carbon quantum dots (C-dots) with high production to serve as efficient CIL for inverted PSCs. The C-dots were synthesized by a facile, economical microwave pyrolysis in a household microwave oven within 7 min. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) studies showed that the C-dots possessed the ability to form a dipole at the interface, resulting in the decrease of the work function (WF) of cathode. External quantum efficiency (EQE) measurements and 2D excitation-emission topographical maps revealed that the C-dots down-shifted the high energy near-ultraviolet light to low energy visible light to generate more photocurrent. Remarkably improvement of power conversion efficiency (PCE) was attained by incorporation of C-dots as CIL. The PCE was boosted up from 4.14% to 8.13% with C-dots as CIL, which is one of the best efficiency for i-PSCs used carbon based materials as interlayers. These results demonstrated that C-dots can be a potential candidate for future low cost and large area PSCs producing.

  6. One-pot facile synthesis of branched Ag-ZnO heterojunction nanostructure as highly efficient photocatalytic catalyst

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Qingli; Zhang, Qitao; Yuan, Saisai; Zhang, Yongcai; Zhang, Ming

    2015-10-01

    In this paper, the branched Ag-ZnO heterojunction nanostructure and the branched ZnO were synthesized successfully by a facile, green and one-pot hydrothermal method. Such branched heterojunction and the comparing branched pure ZnO were characterized by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL) and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS). The photocatalytic degradation of RhB aqueous solution and acetaldehyde (CH3CHO) gas results both showed that the branched Ag-ZnO heterojunction possessed the enhanced photocatalytic properties in comparison to the branched ZnO and Ag-ZnO counterparts due to its special interface structures and fast separation of its photogenerated charge carriers. This method is simple, feasible and can provide an important clue for synthesis and application of other branched metal/semiconductor heterojunction nanostructures.

  7. Efficient one-pot synthesis of peapod-like hollow carbon nanomaterials for utrahigh drug loading capacity.

    PubMed

    Guo, Jingxin; Zhang, Haijiao; Geng, Hongya; Mi, Xianqiang; Ding, Guoji; Jiao, Zheng

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, peapod-like hollow carbon nanomaterial was fabricated via an efficient one-pot hydrothermal route. The carbon-silica composite was employed as the precursor and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as the morphology-controlled agent. SEM and TEM results indicated that the carbon shell and the silica core in the precursor were not closely linked but rattle-type structure. After removing the silica template, the obtained carbon product had uniform peapod-like morphology, interconnected pores and high specific surface areas (above 800.0 m(2)/g). We found that CTAB played an important role in the formation of the products with peapod-like morphology. The particle sizes of the hollow carbon nanospheres were readily adjusted by varying the dosage of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and the volume ratio of ethanol and water. Based on the experimental results, the formation mechanism of the hollow carbon nanomaterial was also discussed. By virtue of their unique nanostructure and porous properties, the peapod-like hollow carbon nanomaterial exhibited ultrahigh drug loading capacity above 98.4% for doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX).

  8. Copper ferrite nanoparticles: an efficient and reusable nanocatalyst for a green one-pot, three-component synthesis of spirooxindoles in water.

    PubMed

    Bazgir, Ayoob; Hosseini, Ghaffar; Ghahremanzadeh, Ramin

    2013-10-14

    A green reaction of isatins, active cyanomethanes, and cyclic 1,3-dicarbonyl derivatives for the efficient and simple one-pot three-component synthesis of spirooxindole fused heterocycles in refluxing water by use of magnetically recoverable and reusable catalyst is reported. The features of this procedure are, the use of magnetically recoverable and reusable catalyst, mild reaction conditions, high to excellent product yields, operational simplicity, and easy workup procedures. Most importantly of all, easy magnetic separation of the catalyst eliminates the requirement of catalyst filtration after completion of the reaction. Furthermore, the catalyst remained highly active even after 5 repeated uses.

  9. p-Sulfonic Acid Calix[4]arene as an Efficient Catalyst for One-Pot Synthesis of Pharmaceutically Significant Coumarin Derivatives under Solvent-Free Condition

    PubMed Central

    Tashakkorian, Hamed; Lakouraj, Moslem Mansour; Rouhi, Mona

    2015-01-01

    One-pot and efficient protocol for preparation of some potent pharmaceutically valuable coumarin derivatives under solvent-free condition via direct coupling using biologically nontoxic organocatalyst, calix[4]arene tetrasulfonic acid (CSA), was introduced. Calix[4]arene sulfonic acid has been incorporated lately as a magnificent and recyclable organocatalyst for the synthesis of some organic compounds. Nontoxicity, solvent-free conditions, good-to-excellent yields for pharmaceutically significant structures, and especially ease of catalyst recovery make this procedure valuable and environmentally benign. PMID:26798517

  10. Transition metal-free one-pot synthesis of nitrogen-containing heterocycles.

    PubMed

    Kumari, Simpal; Kishore, Dharma; Paliwal, Sarvesh; Chauhan, Rajani; Dwivedi, Jaya; Mishra, Aakanksha

    2016-02-01

    One-pot heterocyclic synthesis is an exciting research area as it can open routes for the development of otherwise complex transformations in organic synthesis. Heterocyclic compounds show wide spectrum of applications in medicinal chemistry, chemical biology, and materials science. These heterocycles can be generated very efficiently through highly economical and viable routes using one-pot synthesis. In particular, the metal-free one-pot synthetic protocols are highly fascinating due to several advantages for the industrial production of heterocyclic frameworks. This comprehensive review is devoted to the transition metal-free one-pot synthesis of nitrogen-containing heterocycles from the period 2010-2013.

  11. An efficient one-pot three-component synthesis of fused 1,4-dihydropyridines using HY-zeolite.

    PubMed

    Nikpassand, Mohammad; Mamaghani, Manouchehr; Tabatabaeian, Khalil

    2009-04-08

    A facile and convenient protocol was developed for the fast (2.5-3.5 h) and high yielding (70-90%) synthesis of fused 1,4-dihydropyridines from dimedone in the presence of HY-zeolite as an efficient recyclable heterogeneous catalyst.

  12. Fe/Cu-Mediated One-Pot Ketone Synthesis.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Vemula Praveen; Babu, Vaddela Sudheer; Yahata, Kenzo; Kishi, Yoshito

    2017-05-19

    An Fe/Cu-mediated one-pot ketone synthesis was reported. Unlike Ni- and Pd-mediated one-pot ketone syntheses, the reported Fe/Cu-mediated method allowed selective activation and coupling of alkyl iodides over vinyl iodides. The newly developed one-pot ketone synthesis was applied to a synthesis of vinyl iodide/ketone 13, the left half of halichondrin B, as well as vinyl iodide/ketone 8a, the C20-C26 building block of halichondrins.

  13. One-pot synthesis of FePt/CNTs nanocomposites for efficient cellular imaging and cancer therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Weihong; Zheng, Xiuwen; Li, Shulian; Zhang, Wei; Wen, Xin; Yue, Ludan; Wang, Jinlong

    2015-11-01

    Here, we developed a facile route to synthesize carbon nanotube-based FePt nanocomposites (FePt/CNTs) as a potential theranostic platform in the cancer treatment. FePt/CNTs were firstly synthesized via one-pot polyol route, and then functionalized with 6-arm-polyethylene glycol-amine polymer. The average size of FePt nanoparticles (NPs) is 3-4 nm, which is dispersed on the CNT surface (ca.50-150 nm). The as-prepared FePt NPs display high cytotoxicity by highly reactive oxygen species in cancer cells. Folic acid and fluorescein isothiocyanate are assembled onto the surface of FePt/CNTs for effective targeting of folate receptor-positive cancer cells and simultaneously for the visualization of cellular uptake. Therefore, the FePt/CNTs NPs capability of simultaneously performing diagnosis, therapy, and targeting is, therefore, promising for future potential widespread application in biomedicine.

  14. ZnO Nanoparticles as an Efficient, Heterogeneous, Reusable, and Ecofriendly Catalyst for Four-Component One-Pot Green Synthesis of Pyranopyrazole Derivatives in Water

    PubMed Central

    Sachdeva, Harshita; Saroj, Rekha

    2013-01-01

    An extremely efficient catalytic protocol for the synthesis of a series of pyranopyrazole derivatives developed in a one-pot four-component approach in the presence of ZnO nanoparticles as heterogeneous catalyst using water as a green solvent is reported. Greenness of the process is well instituted as water is exploited both as reaction media and medium for synthesis of catalyst. The ZnO nanoparticles exhibited excellent catalytic activity, and the proposed methodology is capable of providing the desired products in good yield (85–90%) and short reaction time. After reaction course, ZnO nanoparticles can be recycled and reused without any apparent loss of activity which makes this process cost effective and hence ecofriendly. All the synthesized compounds have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectral studies. PMID:24282386

  15. One-pot synthesis of holey MoS2 nanostructures as efficient electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Lanlan; Li, Xuan; Zhang, Jian; Liu, Hongzhong; Jiang, Weitao; Zhao, Hong

    2017-02-01

    In this work, highly porous MoS2 nanostructures have been synthesized via a one-pot and versatile calcination of cyanamide and (NH4)2MoS4 precursors. At first, the thermal polymerization of cyanamide into carbon nitride suppresses the aggregation of MoS2. Then, the thermal decomposition of the formed carbon nitride brings about plentiful pores with a size of 4-70 nm in MoS2 nanostructures, generating an extremely large specific surface area up to 311 m2 g-1. Due to the high specific surface area and abundant exposed edge sites, the resultant porous MoS2 (p-MoS2) nanostructures exhibited outstanding electrochemical hydrogen evolution (HER) activity in a 0.5 M H2SO4 aqueous solution. The onset overpotential and the overpotential at a current density of 10 mA/cm2 were as low as ∼30 mV and ∼130 mV, respectively, which is superior to the previously-reported MoS2-based HER electrocatalysts.

  16. One-Pot Synthesis of Hydrophobically Modified Iminosugar C-Alkynylglycosides: Facile Synthesis of Polyhydroxy Tetrahydroindolizines.

    PubMed

    Senthilkumar, Soundararasu; Prasad, Sure Siva; Das, Amrita; Baskaran, Sundarababu

    2015-11-02

    A mild and efficient one-pot method has been developed for the stereoselective synthesis of structurally diverse novel iminosugar C-alkynylglycosides. The generality of this methodology has been demonstrated with a wide variety of amines and copper acetylides. This one-pot method has been exploited in the synthesis of new class of DNA cross-linking agents, polyhydroxy 1-vinyl-tetrahydroindolizine derivatives. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  17. One-pot synthesis of a ceria-graphene oxide composite for the efficient removal of arsenic species.

    PubMed

    Sakthivel, Tamil S; Das, Soumen; Pratt, Cameron J; Seal, Sudipta

    2017-03-09

    Arsenic contamination has posed a health risk to millions of people around the world. In this study, we describe a simple and facile one-step hydrothermal synthesis of a ceria-graphene oxide (ceria-GO) composite for the efficient removal of arsenic species. The prepared ceria-GO composite materials exhibited almost complete (over 99.99%) and quick removal of both arsenic species within 0.1 mg L(-1) of the initial concentration. The calculated adsorption capacities were 185 mg g(-1) for As(iii) and 212 mg g(-1) for As(v). It was found that Ce(3+) is an active site and continuously adsorbs arsenic species; there is a concomitant change from Ce(4+) to Ce(3+) due to the solution redox environment. This increase in the Ce(3+) concentration further facilitates the complete removal of arsenic species in solution. Thus our approach offers a promising potential for the treatment of arsenic-contaminated drinking water.

  18. One-pot synthesis of gold-palladium@palladium core-shell nanoflowers as efficient electrocatalyst for ethanol electrooxidation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qiu, Xiaoyu; Dai, Yuxuan; Tang, Yawen; Lu, Tianhong; Wei, Shaohua; Chen, Yu

    2015-03-01

    In this work, a simple polyallylamine-assisted water-based synthesis is successfully used to synthesize high-quality gold-palladium@palladium (Au-Pd@Pd) core-shell nanoflowers. Transmission electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, element mapping, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques are used to characterize the morphology, structure and composition of Au-Pd@Pd core-shell nanoflowers. The as-prepared Au-Pd@Pd core-shell nanoflowers exhibit significantly enhanced electrocatalytic activity for the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) in basic medium compared with commercial Pd black. In addition, Au-Pd@Pd core-shell nanoflowers also show higher durability for the EOR than commercial Pd black.

  19. One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of Zinc ferrite/reduced graphene oxide as an efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction.

    PubMed

    Hong, Wei; Li, Lingzhi; Xue, Ruinan; Xu, Xiaoyang; Wang, Huan; Zhou, Jingkuo; Zhao, Huilin; Song, Yahui; Liu, Yu; Gao, Jianping

    2017-01-01

    Fabrication of low-cost and efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is highly desirable. Herein, Zinc ferrite/reduced graphene oxide (ZnFe2O4/rGO) is prepared by a quite simple and environmentally benign approach and applied as a high performance ORR electrocatalyst for the first time. The surface morphology and chemical composition of ZnFe2O4/rGO are characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Cyclic voltammetry, linear sweep voltammetry and chronoamperometry are used to evaluate the electrochemical activities and stabilities of ZnFe2O4/rGO catalysts in alkaline media. Among ZnFe2O4/rGO with different mass ratios, the catalyst with 69.8wt% ZnFe2O4 (called ZnFe2O4/rGO (3)) has the best catalytic activities and it shows much superior methanol tolerance and better durability than the commercial Pt/C catalyst. Due to the synergistic effect, the ZnFe2O4/rGO (3) nanohybrid exhibits high ORR catalytic performance and durability, which follows a desirable four electron transfer mechanism in alkaline media. Therefore, it may be a highly competitive catalyst for fuel cells and metal-air batteries.

  20. One-Pot Synthesis of Mesoporous TiO₂ Micropheres and Its Application for High-Efficiency Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhao-Qian; Que, Ya-Ping; Mo, Li-E; Chen, Wang-Chao; Ding, Yong; Ma, Yan-Mei; Jiang, Ling; Hu, Lin-Hua; Dai, Song-Yuan

    2015-05-27

    TiO2 microspheres are of great interest for a great deal of applications, especially in the solar cell field. Because of their unique microstructure and light-scattering effect, TiO2 microsphere-based solar cells often exhibit superior photovoltaic performance. Hence, exploring new suitable TiO2 microspheres for high-efficiency solar cells is essential. In this work, we demonstrate a facile one-pot solvothermal approach for synthesis of TiO2 microspheres using acetone as solvent. The as-prepared TiO2 microspheres are composed of densely interconnected nanocrystals and possess a high specific surface area up to 138.47 m(2) g(-1). As the photoanode, the TiO2 microsphere-based DSSC gives higher dye loading and light adsorption ability as well as longer electron lifetime, resulting in higher short-circuit current value and superior power conversion efficiency (PCE) compared with Dyesol 18 nm TiO2 nanoparticle paste. Finally, the TiO2 microsphere-based DSSC were optimized by adding a TiO2 nanocrystal underlayer and TiCl4 post-treatment, giving a high PCE of 10.32%.

  1. Efficient one-pot synthesis of hydrophilic and fluorescent molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles for direct drug quantification in real biological samples.

    PubMed

    Niu, Hui; Yang, Yaqiong; Zhang, Huiqi

    2015-12-15

    Efficient one-pot synthesis of hydrophilic and fluorescent molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) nanoparticles and their application as optical chemosensor for direct drug quantification in real, undiluted biological samples are described. The general principle was demonstrated by preparing tetracycline (Tc, a broad-spectrum antibiotic)-imprinted fluorescent polymer nanoparticles bearing hydrophilic polymer brushes via poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) macromolecular chain transfer agent-mediated reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) precipitation polymerization in the presence of a fluorescent monomer. The introduction of hydrophilic PHEMA brushes and fluorescence labeling onto/into the MIP nanoparticles proved to not only significantly improve their surface hydrophilicity and lead to their obvious specific binding and high selectivity toward Tc in the undiluted bovine serum, but also impart them with strong fluorescent properties. In particular, significant fluorescence quenching was observed upon their binding with Tc in such complex biological milieu, which makes these Tc-MIP nanoparticles useful optical chemosensor with a detection limit of 0.26 μM. Furthermore, such advanced functional MIP nanoparticles-based chemosensor was also successfully utilized for the direct, sensitive, and accurate determination of Tc in another biological medium (i.e., the undiluted pig serum) with average recoveries ranging from 98% to 102%, even in the presence of several interfering drugs.

  2. Facile one-pot surfactant-free synthesis of uniform Pd6Co nanocrystals on 3D graphene as an efficient electrocatalyst toward formic acid oxidation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lian Ying; Zhao, Zhi Liang; Yuan, Weiyong; Li, Chang Ming

    2016-01-28

    Ultrasmall and uniform Pd6Co nanocrystals were deposited on 3D graphene by a facile one-pot surfactant-free route for a catalyst toward formic acid oxidation, showing a much higher electrocatalytic activity, larger peak current density and better stability than Pd/3DG, Pd/C as well as commercial Pd-C, and thus offering great potential for an efficient anode catalyst toward high performance direct formic acid fuel cells.

  3. Designed copper-amine complex as an efficient template for one-pot synthesis of Cu-SSZ-13 zeolite with excellent activity for selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3.

    PubMed

    Ren, Limin; Zhu, Longfeng; Yang, Chengguang; Chen, Yanmei; Sun, Qi; Zhang, Haiyan; Li, Caijin; Nawaz, Faisal; Meng, Xiangju; Xiao, Feng-Shou

    2011-09-21

    Low-cost copper-amine complex was rationally designed to be a novel template for one-pot synthesis of Cu-SSZ-13 zeolites. Proper confirmation and appropriate size make this complex fit well with CHA cages as an efficient template. The products exhibit superior catalytic performance on NH(3)-SCR reaction.

  4. PEG-mediated one-pot multicomponent reactions for the efficient synthesis of functionalized dihydropyridines and their functional group dependent DNA cleavage activity.

    PubMed

    Pal, Suman; Singh, Vandana; Das, Prolay; Choudhury, Lokman H

    2013-06-01

    Polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been found to be an inexpensive, non-toxic and useful medium for the one pot synthesis of highly functionalized dihydropyridines using multicomponent reactions (MCRs) at room temperature under catalyst free conditions. The notable features of this protocol are: mild reaction condition, applicability to wide range of substrates, reusability of the PEG and good yields. The interaction of the synthesized compounds with pUC19 plasmid DNA was also analyzed. Some of the synthesized compounds showed interesting functional group dependent nuclease activity for plasmid DNA cleavage under physiological conditions.

  5. Efficient Catalyst One-Pot Synthesis of 7-(Aryl)-10,10-dimethyl-10,11-dihydrochromeno[4,3-b]chromene-6,8(7H,9H)-dione Derivatives Complemented by Antibacterial Activity

    PubMed Central

    Al-Majedy, Yasameen K.; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Mohamad, Abu Bakar

    2016-01-01

    The problem of bacteria resistance to many known agents has inspired scientists and researchers to discover novel efficient antibacterial drugs. Three rapid, clean, and highly efficient methods were developed for one-pot synthesis of 7-(aryl)-10,10-dimethyl-10,11-dihydrochromeno[4,3-b]chromene-6,8(7H,9H)-dione derivatives. Three components are condensed in the synthesis, 4-hydroxycoumarin, 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione, and aromatic aldehydes, using tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB), diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DAHP), or ferric chloride (FeCl3), respectively. Each method has different reaction mechanisms according to the catalyst. The present methods have advantages, including one-pot synthesis, excellent yields, short reaction times, and easy isolation of product. All catalysts utilized in our study could be reused several times without losing their catalytic efficiency. All synthesized compounds were fully characterized and evaluated for their antibacterial activity. PMID:27563671

  6. Facile one-pot surfactant-free synthesis of uniform Pd6Co nanocrystals on 3D graphene as an efficient electrocatalyst toward formic acid oxidation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Lian Ying; Zhao, Zhi Liang; Yuan, Weiyong; Li, Chang Ming

    2016-01-01

    Ultrasmall and uniform Pd6Co nanocrystals were deposited on 3D graphene by a facile one-pot surfactant-free route for a catalyst toward formic acid oxidation, showing a much higher electrocatalytic activity, larger peak current density and better stability than Pd/3DG, Pd/C as well as commercial Pd-C, and thus offering great potential for an efficient anode catalyst toward high performance direct formic acid fuel cells.Ultrasmall and uniform Pd6Co nanocrystals were deposited on 3D graphene by a facile one-pot surfactant-free route for a catalyst toward formic acid oxidation, showing a much higher electrocatalytic activity, larger peak current density and better stability than Pd/3DG, Pd/C as well as commercial Pd-C, and thus offering great potential for an efficient anode catalyst toward high performance direct formic acid fuel cells. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Experimental section and supplementary figures. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr08512h

  7. An Efficient One-Pot Synthesis of Densely Functionalized Fused-Quinolines via Sequential Ugi4CC and Acid-Mediated Povarov-Type Reaction.

    PubMed

    Ghoshal, Anirban; Yugandhar, Doddapaneni; Nanubolu, Jagadeesh Babu; Srivastava, Ajay Kumar

    2017-09-11

    A divergent synthesis of fused-quinolines has been explored by performing Ugi four-component condensation and sulfuric acid promoted deprotection/Povarov-type reaction in one-pot. The process involves Ugi condensation of propiolic acids, aldehydes/ketones, aminoaldehyde acetals and isocyanides followed by sulfuric acid promoted deprotection and Povarov-type reaction with anilines in ethanol. This method enables straightforward access to the structurally diverse 2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[3,4-b]quinolin-1-ones (DHPQ), 3,4-dihydrobenzo[b][1,6]naphthyridin-1(2H)-ones (DHBN), and 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-azepino[4,3-b]quinolin-1-ones (THAQ), starting from readily available starting materials.

  8. One-pot green synthesis of Prussian blue nanocubes decorated reduced graphene oxide using mushroom extract for efficient 4-nitrophenol reduction.

    PubMed

    Chen, Ruixue; Zhang, Qiuping; Gu, Yue; Tang, Liu; Li, Cong; Zhang, Zhiquan

    2015-01-01

    One-pot green approach to the synthesis of Prussian blue nanocubes/reduced graphene oxide (PBNCs/RGO) nanocomposite had been attempted. It was based on the extract of mushroom with K3[Fe(CN)6] and graphene oxide (GO) as precursors, where the reduction of GO and the deposition of PBNCs occurred simultaneously. The obtained nanocomposite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. With the introduction of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), the β-CD/PBNCs/RGO system showed linear behavior in the range from 0.01 to 700 μM for 4-nitrophenol with a low detection limit of 2.34 nM (S/N=3).

  9. Combinatorial one-pot chemoenzymatic synthesis of heparin.

    PubMed

    Bhaskar, Ujjwal; Li, Guoyun; Fu, Li; Onishi, Akihiro; Suflita, Mathew; Dordick, Jonathan S; Linhardt, Robert J

    2015-05-20

    Contamination in heparin batches during early 2008 has resulted in a significant effort to develop a safer bioengineered heparin using bacterial capsular polysaccharide heparosan and recombinant enzymes derived from the heparin/heparan sulfate biosynthetic pathway. This requires controlled chemical N-deacetylation/N-sulfonation of heparosan followed by epimerization of most of its glucuronic acid residues to iduronic acid and O-sulfation of the C2 position of iduronic acid and the C3 and C6 positions of the glucosamine residues. A combinatorial study of multi-enzyme, one-pot, in vitro biocatalytic synthesis, carried out in tandem with sensitive analytical techniques, reveals controlled structural changes leading to heparin products similar to animal-derived heparin active pharmaceutical ingredients. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis confirms an abundance of heparin's characteristic trisulfated disaccharide, as well as 3-O-sulfo containing residues critical for heparin binding to antithrombin III and its anticoagulant activity. The bioengineered heparins prepared using this simplified one-pot chemoenzymatic synthesis also show in vitro anticoagulant activity. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Scalable, One-Pot, Microwave-Accelerated Tandem Synthesis of Unsymmetrical Urea Derivatives.

    PubMed

    Kulkarni, Abhijit R; Garai, Sumanta; Thakur, Ganesh A

    2017-01-20

    We report a facile, microwave-accelerated, one-pot tandem synthesis of unsymmetrical ureas via a Curtius rearrangement. In this method, one-pot microwave irradiation of commercially available (hetero)aromatic acids and amines in the presence of diphenylphosphoryl azide enabled extremely rapid (1-5 min) construction of an array of unsymmetrical ureas in good to excellent yields. We demonstrate the utility of our method in the efficient, gram-scale synthesis of key biologically active compounds targeting the cannabinoid 1 and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.

  11. Cs2CO3-promoted one-pot synthesis of alkynylphosphonates, -phosphinates, and -phosphine oxides.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yulei; Gan, Jiepeng; Liu, Liu; Yuan, Hang; Gao, Yuxing; Liu, Yan; Zhao, Yufen

    2014-04-18

    A novel and efficient Cs2CO3-promoted phosphorylation or phosphinylation of various 1,1-dibromo-1-alkenes with readily available trialkyl phosphites, ethyl diphenylphosphinite, or diethyl phenylphosphonite has been developed under metal-free conditions, providing a practical and powerful tool for one-pot synthesis of valuable alkynylphosphonates, -phosphinates, and -phosphine oxides in good to excellent yields.

  12. One-pot synthesis of (−)-Ambrox

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Shaoxiang; Tian, Hongyu; Sun, Baoguo; Liu, Yongguo; Hao, Yanfeng; Lv, Yanyu

    2016-01-01

    (−)-Ambrox is recognised as the prototype of all ambergris odorants. Widely used in perfumery, (−)-Ambrox is an important ingredient due to its unique scent and excellent fixative function. An environmentally friendly and practical preparation of (−)-Ambrox is still unavailable at present although a lot of attention has been paid to this hot research topic for many years. A one-pot synthesis of (−)-Ambrox was studied starting from (−)-sclareol through oxidation with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of a quaternary ammonium phosphomolybdate catalyst {[C5H5NC16H33] [H2PMo12O40]}, which gave the product a 20% overall yield. PMID:27581945

  13. One-pot solvothermal synthesis of ordered intermetallic Pt2In3 as stable and efficient electrocatalyst towards direct alcohol fuel cell application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jana, Rajkumar; Peter, Sebastian C.

    2016-10-01

    Ordered intermetallic Pt2In3 nanoparticles have been synthesized by superhydride reduction of K2PtCl4 and InCl3.xH2O precursors using facile, one-pot solvothermal method. We report surfactant free solvothermal synthesis of a novel ordered Pt2In3 intermetallic nanoparticles for the first time. The structure and morphology of the catalyst has been confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectrometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The electrocatalytic properties of the catalysts have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The as prepared Pt2In3 catalyst exhibit far superior electrocatalytic activity and stability towards alcohol oxidation over commercial Pt/C. The specific activity of as synthesized catalyst was found to be ~3.2 and ~2.3 times higher than commercial Pt/C for methanol and ethanol oxidation, respectively. This improved activity and durability of the Pt2In3 nanoparticles can make the catalyst an ideal catalyst candidate for direct alcohol fuel cell.

  14. General and efficient one-pot synthesis of novel sugar/heterocyclic(aryl) 1,2-diketones from sugar terminal alkynes by Sonogashira/tetra-n- butylammonium permanganate oxidation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Fuyi; Wu, Xiaopei; Wang, Liming; Liu, Hong; Zhao, Yufen

    2015-11-19

    A new approach for one-pot synthesis of novel sugar/heterocyclic(aryl) 1,2-diketones has been achieved by the reaction of various sugar terminal alkynes with heterocyclic(aryl) iodides at room temperature. This one-pot protocol includes Sonogashira coupling and mild n-Bu4NMnO4 oxidation reaction. This method is mild, general and efficient. Fifty-six examples have been given and the sugar/heterocyclic(aryl) 1,2-diketones were obtained in 71-94% yields. The sugar terminal alkynes include 9 structurally different sugars in pyranose, furanose, and acyclic form which have various protecting groups, sensitive groups, and sterically bulky substituents. The heterocyclic(aryl) iodides include sterically bulky heterocyclic compounds and iodobenzenes with electron-donating, electron-neutral, and electron-withdrawing substituents.

  15. Synthesis of Polysubstituted Pyridines via a One-Pot Metal-Free Strategy.

    PubMed

    Wei, Hongbo; Li, Yun; Xiao, Ke; Cheng, Bin; Wang, Huifei; Hu, Lin; Zhai, Hongbin

    2015-12-18

    An efficient strategy for the one-pot synthesis of polysubstituted pyridines via a cascade reaction from aldehydes, phosphorus ylides, and propargyl azide is reported. The reaction sequence involves a Wittig reaction, a Staudinger reaction, an aza-Wittig reaction, a 6π-3-azatriene electrocyclization, and a 1,3-H shift. This protocol provides quick access to the polysubstituted pyridines from readily available substrates in good to excellent yields.

  16. Enantioselective one-pot synthesis of 2-amino-4-(indol-3-yl)-4H-chromenes.

    PubMed

    Chen, Weiliang; Cai, Yunfei; Fu, Xuan; Liu, Xiaohua; Lin, Lili; Feng, Xiaoming

    2011-09-16

    An enantioselective one-pot synthesis of 2-amino-4-(indol-3-yl)-4H-chromenes via a Knoevenagel/Pinner/Friedel-Crafts reaction of salicylaldehyde, malononitrile, and indole is presented. Moderate to good yields (up to 89%) and high enantioselectivities (up to 90% ee) were obtained with an N,N'-dioxide-Zn(II) complex as the catalyst. This strategy provides an efficient and convenient method to access enantiomerically enriched 2-amino-4H-chromene derivatives.

  17. One-Pot Synthesis of Polyrotaxanes via Acyclic Diene Metathesis Polymerization of Supramolecular Monomers

    PubMed Central

    Momčilović, Nebojša; Clark, Paul G.; Boydston, Andrew J.; Grubbs, Robert H.

    2011-01-01

    A one-pot synthesis of polyrotaxanes has been developed. The method employs a supramolecular monomer comprising a polymerizable ammonium salt and crown ether, in combination with dynamic ADMet polymerization. Ultimately, highly efficient complexation, polymerization, and end-capping were accomplished in a single operation to yield polyrotaxanes with Mws up to 19.3 kDa and > 80% of the repeat units being complexed. PMID:22023086

  18. Palladium-catalyzed one-pot three- or four-component coupling of aryl iodides, alkynes, and amines through C-N bond cleavage: efficient synthesis of indole derivatives.

    PubMed

    Hao, Wei; Geng, Weizhi; Zhang, Wen-Xiong; Xi, Zhenfeng

    2014-02-24

    An efficient synthesis of N-substituted indole derivatives was realized by combining the Pd-catalyzed one-pot multicomponent coupling approach with cleavage of the C(sp(3))-N bonds. Three or four components of aryl iodides, alkynes, and amines were involved in this coupling process. The cyclopentadiene-phosphine ligand showed high efficiency. A variety of aryl iodides, including cyclic and acyclic tertiary amino aryl iodides, and substituted 1-bromo-2-iodobenzene derivatives could be used. Both symmetric and unsymmetric alkynes substituted with alkyl, aryl, or trimethylsilyl groups could be applied. Cyclic secondary amines such as piperidine, morpholine, 4-methylpiperidine, 1-methylpiperazine, 2-methylpiperidine, and acyclic amines including secondary and primary amines all showed good reactivity. Further application of the resulting indole derivatives was demonstrated by the synthesis of benzosilolo[2,3-b]indole.

  19. One-Pot Multicatalytic Approaches for the Synthesis of Cyclohepta[b]indoles, Indolotropones, and Tetrahydrocarbazoles.

    PubMed

    Mishra, Uttam K; Yadav, Sonu; Ramasastry, S S V

    2017-07-07

    Diversity oriented one-pot synthesis of cyclohepta[b]indoles, indolotropones, and tetrahydrocarbazoles (THCs) have been reported. Readily accessible 3-(2-aminophenyl)-5-hexenyn-3-ols under a one-pot trimetallic orthogonal catalysis furnish tetrahydrocyclohepta[b]indoles, and a one-pot quadruple reaction sequence of the enynols generates dihydrocyclohepta[b]indoles and indolotropones. During this study, formation of THCs was realized to be a reason for the yield loss in certain cases, this observation led to the development of a one-pot bimetallic approach for the synthesis of 1,3-disubstituted THCs.

  20. One-Pot controlled synthesis of spongelike CuInS(2) microspheres for efficient counter electrode with graphene assistance in dye-sensitized solar cells.

    PubMed

    Liu, Mingyang; Li, Guang; Chen, Xiaoshuang

    2014-02-26

    Spongelike CuInS2 3D microspheres were synthesized through a solvothermal method employing CuCl, InCl3, and thiourea as Cu, In, and S sources, respectively, and PVP as surfactant. The as-prepared products have regular spherical shapes with diameters of 0.8-3.7 μm, the spheres consisted of small nanosheets, which are composed of small nanoparticles. As an important solar cell material, its photovoltaic property was also tested and the results showed a solar energy conversion efficiency of 3.31%. With the help of reduced graphene, its conversion efficiency could be further increased to 6.18%. Compared with conventional Pt material used in counter electrodes of solar cells, this new material has an advantages of low-cost, facile synthesis and high efficiency with graphene assistance.

  1. Iodine-mediated oxidative annulation for one-pot synthesis of pyrazines and quinoxalines using a multipathway coupled domino strategy.

    PubMed

    Viswanadham, K K Durga Rao; Prathap Reddy, Muktapuram; Sathyanarayana, Pochampalli; Ravi, Owk; Kant, Ruchir; Bathula, Surendar Reddy

    2014-11-14

    An efficient iodine-mediated oxidative annulation of aryl acetylenes-arylethenes-aromatic ketones with 1,2-diamines for the synthesis of pyrazines and regioselective synthesis of quinoxalines is presented. A multipathway coupled domino approach has been developed for the one-pot synthesis of 1,4-diazines with high functional group compatibility.

  2. One-Pot Green Synthesis of Ag-Decorated SnO2 Microsphere: an Efficient and Reusable Catalyst for Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Min; Zhang, Zhenwei; Luo, Chenkun; Qiao, Xiuqing

    2017-06-01

    In this paper, hierarchical Ag-decorated SnO2 microspheres were synthesized by a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The resulting composites were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, XPS, BET, and FTIR analysis. The catalytic performances of the samples were evaluated with the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol by potassium borohydride (KBH4) as a model reaction. Time-dependent experiments indicated that the hierarchical microspheres assembled from SnO2 and Ag nanoparticles can be formed when the react time is less than 10 h. With the increase of hydrothermal time, SnO2 nanoparticles will self-assemble into SnO2 nanosheets and Ag nanoparticles decorated SnO2 nanosheets were obtained. When evaluated as catalyst, the obtained Ag-decorated SnO2 microsphere prepared for 36 h exhibited excellent catalytic performance with normalized rate constant ( κ nor) of 6.20 min-1g-1L, which is much better than that of some previous reported catalysts. Moreover, this Ag-decorated SnO2 microsphere demonstrates good reusability after the first five cycles. In addition, we speculate the formation mechanism of the hierarchical Ag-decorated SnO2 microsphere and discussed the possible origin of the excellent catalytic activity.

  3. An efficient one-pot approach for the regio- and diastereoselective synthesis of trans-dihydrofuran derivatives: cytotoxicity and DNA-binding studies.

    PubMed

    Tangella, Yellaiah; Manasa, Kesari Lakshmi; Laxma Nayak, V; Sathish, Manda; Sridhar, B; Alarifi, Abdullah; Nagesh, Narayana; Kamal, Ahmed

    2017-08-16

    An operationally facile and high yielding one-pot, three-component protocol has been developed for the preparation of selectively trans-2,3-dihydrofuro[3,2-c]coumarins and trans-1,2-dihydrobenzo[h]furo[3,2-c]quinolinones. This protocol proceeds through a domino Knoevenagel condensation, a Michael addition followed by intramolecular SN2 cyclisation. All the synthesized compounds have been evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic activity against selected human cancer cell lines. Interestingly, most of the compounds have exhibited considerable cytotoxicity with IC50 values <10 μM in all the tested cell lines. Moreover, these compounds showed higher activity against MCF-7 (breast cancer) cell lines compared to other tested cell lines. Compounds 1g and 1r displayed significant cytotoxicity against all four tested cell lines. Cytotoxicity studies indicated that the toxicity of the synthesized compounds was considerably higher in tumor cells compared to normal cells. The structure-activity relationship studies revealed that the activating groups in these compounds preferably improved the activity compared to the deactivating groups. For a better understanding of the mechanism of action of these compounds, we performed the binding studies with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA). Both molecular docking studies as well as biophysical studies indicate that these compounds may possess DNA binding affinity through intercalation. Through photocleavage studies, it is evident that they have the potential to cleave pBR322 plasmid DNA strands in a concentration and time dependent manner. In addition, compounds 1g and 1r showed significant topoisomerase II inhibitory activities. Moreover, an in silico study of these synthesized compounds revealed that they possess drug-like properties.

  4. Extraction with SPME and synthesis of 2-methyl-6-vinylpyrazine by a 'one pot' reaction using microwaves.

    PubMed

    Robledo, Norma; Escalante, Jaime; Arzuffi, René

    2009-06-15

    A synthesis of 2-methyl-6-vinylpyrazine was carried out by way of a 'one pot' reaction. In order to establish the efficiency of this synthesis the extraction of the volatiles released by male papaya fruit flies was performed by SPME (solid phase micro-extraction). The compound was separated and identified using GC/MSD (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry detector).

  5. One-pot synthesis of gradient interface quaternary ZnCdSSe quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeong, Da-Woon; Park, Ji Young; Seo, Han Wook; Myung, Nosang Vincent; Seong, Tae-Yeon; Kim, Bum Sung

    2017-09-01

    Quantum dots (QDs) are capable of controlling the emission and absorption wavelength due to the bandgap widening effect of nanometer-sized particles. Many efforts have been made to increase the efficiency of QDs by using a core/shell structure. However, the conventional method of creating the core followed by shelling has the disadvantage of repeated processing. In this study, we synthesize composition gradient quaternary ZnCdSSe QDs of high efficiency (quantum yield = 88.96%, full width at half maximum = 28.20 nm) through one-pot synthesis. The X-ray diffraction peak for the (111) plane in ZnCdSSe QDs was shifted 2.64° compared to that for pure CdSe. From Cs-corrected STEM-EDS line scan results, it can be seen that the center of the QDs consists for more than 40% of Cd, clearly showing that a CdSe-rich core was formed, while the amount of Zn increases significantly toward the outer area. In addition, by using thermodynamics simulation, we propose a mechanism for formation of the composition gradient in QDs using one-pot synthesis and how this can be achieved with other compositions. Finally, we confirmed the chemical composition gradient inside a single quantum dot and proposed the formation behavior thereof using results of the thermodynamics simulation. The results herein may provide a way to identify the one-pot synthesis mechanism for quantum dots of various other composition gradients. This method greatly simplifies the procedure for synthesizing composition gradient ZnCdSSe QDs.

  6. One-pot facile green synthesis of biocidal silver nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nudrat Hazarika, Shabiha; Gupta, Kuldeep; Shamin, Khan Naseem Ahmed Mohammed; Bhardwaj, Pushpender; Boruah, Ratan; Yadav, Kamlesh K.; Naglot, Ashok; Deb, P.; Mandal, M.; Doley, Robin; Veer, Vijay; Baruah, Indra; Namsa, Nima D.

    2016-07-01

    The plant root extract mediated green synthesis method produces monodispersed spherical shape silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with a size range of 15-30 nm as analyzed by atomic force and transmission electron microscopy. The material showed potent antibacterial and antifungal properties. Synthesized AgNPs display a characteristic surface plasmon resonance peak at 420 nm in UV-Vis spectroscopy. X-ray diffractometer analysis revealed the crystalline and face-centered cubic geometry of in situ prepared AgNPs. Agar well diffusion and a colony forming unit assay demonstrated the potent biocidal activity of AgNPs against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas diminuta and Mycobacterium smegmatis. Intriguingly, the phytosynthesized AgNPs exhibited activity against pathogenic fungi, namely Trichophyton rubrum, Aspergillus versicolor and Candida albicans. Scanning electron microscopy observations indicated morphological changes in the bacterial cells incubated with silver nanoparticles. The genomic DNA isolated from the bacteria was incubated with an increasing concentration of AgNPs and the replication fidelity of 16S rDNA was observed by performing 18 and 35 cycles PCR. The replication efficiency of small (600 bp) and large (1500 bp) DNA fragments in the presence of AgNPs were compromised in a dose-dependent manner. The results suggest that the Thalictrum foliolosum root extract mediated synthesis of AgNPs could be used as a promising antimicrobial agent against clinical pathogens.

  7. Precise Tuning of Facile One-Pot Gelatin Methacryloyl (GelMA) Synthesis

    PubMed Central

    Shirahama, Hitomi; Lee, Bae Hoon; Tan, Lay Poh; Cho, Nam-Joon

    2016-01-01

    Gelatin-methacryloyl (GelMA) is one of the most commonly used photopolymerizable biomaterials in bio-applications. However, GelMA synthesis remains suboptimal, as its reaction parameters have not been fully investigated. The goal of this study is to establish an optimal route for effective and controllable GelMA synthesis by systematically examining reaction parameters including carbonate-bicarbonate (CB) buffer molarity, initial pH adjustment, MAA concentration, gelatin concentration, reaction temperature, and reaction time. We employed several analytical techniques in order to determine the degree of substitution (DS) and conducted detailed structural analysis of the synthesized polymer. The results enabled us to optimize GelMA synthesis, showing the optimal conditions to balance the deprotonation of amino groups with minimizing MAA hydrolysis, which led to nearly complete substitution. The optimized conditions (low feed ratio of MAA to gelatin (0.1 mL/g), 0.25 M CB buffer at pH 9, and a gelatin concentration of 10–20%) enable a simplified reaction scheme that produces GelMA with high substitution with just one-step addition of MAA in one pot. Looking forward, these optimal conditions not only enable facile one-pot GelMA synthesis but can also guide researchers to explore the efficient, high methacrylation of other biomacromolecules. PMID:27503340

  8. Precise Tuning of Facile One-Pot Gelatin Methacryloyl (GelMA) Synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shirahama, Hitomi; Lee, Bae Hoon; Tan, Lay Poh; Cho, Nam-Joon

    2016-08-01

    Gelatin-methacryloyl (GelMA) is one of the most commonly used photopolymerizable biomaterials in bio-applications. However, GelMA synthesis remains suboptimal, as its reaction parameters have not been fully investigated. The goal of this study is to establish an optimal route for effective and controllable GelMA synthesis by systematically examining reaction parameters including carbonate-bicarbonate (CB) buffer molarity, initial pH adjustment, MAA concentration, gelatin concentration, reaction temperature, and reaction time. We employed several analytical techniques in order to determine the degree of substitution (DS) and conducted detailed structural analysis of the synthesized polymer. The results enabled us to optimize GelMA synthesis, showing the optimal conditions to balance the deprotonation of amino groups with minimizing MAA hydrolysis, which led to nearly complete substitution. The optimized conditions (low feed ratio of MAA to gelatin (0.1 mL/g), 0.25 M CB buffer at pH 9, and a gelatin concentration of 10–20%) enable a simplified reaction scheme that produces GelMA with high substitution with just one-step addition of MAA in one pot. Looking forward, these optimal conditions not only enable facile one-pot GelMA synthesis but can also guide researchers to explore the efficient, high methacrylation of other biomacromolecules.

  9. One-Pot Synthesis of Carbon Nanofibers from CO2.

    PubMed

    Ren, Jiawen; Li, Fang-Fang; Lau, Jason; González-Urbina, Luis; Licht, Stuart

    2015-09-09

    Carbon nanofibers, CNFs, due to their superior strength, conductivity, flexibility, and durability have great potential as a material resource but still have limited use due to the cost intensive complexities of their synthesis. Herein, we report the high-yield and scalable electrolytic conversion of atmospheric CO2 dissolved in molten carbonates into CNFs. It is demonstrated that the conversion of CO2 → CCNF + O2 can be driven by efficient solar, as well as conventional, energy at inexpensive steel or nickel electrodes. The structure is tuned by controlling the electrolysis conditions, such as the addition of trace transition metals to act as CNF nucleation sites, the addition of zinc as an initiator and the control of current density. A less expensive source of CNFs will facilitate its adoption as a societal resource, and using carbon dioxide as a reactant to generate a value added product such as CNFs provides impetus to consume this greenhouse gas to mitigate climate change.

  10. Base-Mediated One-Pot Synthesis of Aliphatic Diazirines for Photoaffinity Labeling.

    PubMed

    Wang, Lei; Tachrim, Zetryana Puteri; Kurokawa, Natsumi; Ohashi, Fumina; Sakihama, Yasuko; Hashidoko, Yasuyuki; Hashimoto, Makoto

    2017-08-22

    Aliphatic diazirines have been widely used as prominent photophores for photoaffinity labeling owing to their relatively small size which can reduce the steric effect on the natural interaction between ligands and proteins. Based on our continuous efforts to develop efficient methods for the synthesis of aliphatic diazirines, we present here a comprehensive study about base-mediated one-pot synthesis of aliphatic diazirines. It was found that potassium hydroxide (KOH) can also promote the construction of aliphatic diazirine with good efficiency. Importantly, KOH is cheaper, highly available, and easily handled and stored compared with the previously used base, potassium tert-butoxide (t-BuOK). Gram-scale study showed that it owned great advantages in being used for the large-scale production of aliphatic diazirines. This protocol is highly neat and the desired products can be easily isolated and purified. As the first comprehensive study of the base-mediated one-pot synthesis of aliphatic diazirines, this work provided good insight into the preparation and utilization of diazirine-based photoaffinity labeling probes.

  11. Introduction of poly(4-vinylpyridinium) perchlorate as a new, efficient, and versatile solid acid catalyst for one-pot synthesis of substituted coumarins under ultrasonic irradiation.

    PubMed

    Khaligh, Nader Ghaffari; Shirini, Farhad

    2013-01-01

    Poly(4-vinylpyridinium) perchlorate, is a supported, recyclable, eco-benign catalyst for synthesis of substituted coumarins via Pechmann reaction using ultrasound irradiation at room temperature and neat condition in high yields with short reaction times. The catalyst was studied by FT-IR, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, thermo-gravimetric and energy dispersion X-ray analyses. All the products were extensively characterized by (1)H NMR, FT-IR, MS and melting point analyses. This methodology offers momentous improvements over various options for the synthesis of coumarins with regard to yield of products, simplicity in operation and green aspects by avoiding toxic catalysts and solvents. Further, the catalyst can be reused and recovered for several times without loss of activity. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Transition-metal-free cross-coupling of thioethers with aryl(cyano)iodonium triflates: a facile and efficient method for the one-pot synthesis of thiocyanates.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Dan; Chang, Denghu; Shi, Lei

    2015-04-28

    A novel transition-metal-free cross-coupling method for the one-step synthesis of thiocyanates via the C-S bond cleavage of readily available thioethers with aryl(cyano)-iodonium triflates as the cyanating agent is developed. This process features relatively broad substrate scopes, less-toxic hypervalent iodine reagents, mild operating conditions, excellent functional group compatibilities, and affords various thiocyanates in moderate to good yields.

  13. An efficient one pot regioselective synthesis of a 3,3'-spiro-phosphonylpyrazole-oxindole framework via base mediated [1,3]-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of the Bestmann-Ohira reagent with methyleneindolinones.

    PubMed

    Shelke, Anil M; Suryavanshi, Gurunath

    2015-08-28

    A one pot, highly regioselective synthesis of racemic 3,3'-spiro-phosphonylpyrazole-oxindole by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of an in situ generated anion of dialkyl 1-diazomethylphosphonate from the Bestmann-Ohira reagent (BOR) & methyleneindolinones has been developed. The synthesis affords the highly functionalized pyrazole scaffolds in good yields with excellent regioselectivity under mild reaction conditions within a short reaction time.

  14. 2'-Deoxyribosyltransferase from Leishmania mexicana, an efficient biocatalyst for one-pot, one-step synthesis of nucleosides from poorly soluble purine bases.

    PubMed

    Crespo, N; Sánchez-Murcia, P A; Gago, F; Cejudo-Sanches, J; Galmes, M A; Fernández-Lucas, Jesús; Mancheño, José Miguel

    2017-08-07

    Processes catalyzed by enzymes offer numerous advantages over chemical methods although in many occasions the stability of the biocatalysts becomes a serious concern. Traditionally, synthesis of nucleosides using poorly water-soluble purine bases, such as guanine, xanthine, or hypoxanthine, requires alkaline pH and/or high temperatures in order to solubilize the substrate. In this work, we demonstrate that the 2'-deoxyribosyltransferase from Leishmania mexicana (LmPDT) exhibits an unusually high activity and stability under alkaline conditions (pH 8-10) across a broad range of temperatures (30-70 °C) and ionic strengths (0-500 mM NaCl). Conversely, analysis of the crystal structure of LmPDT together with comparisons with hexameric, bacterial homologues revealed the importance of the relationships between the oligomeric state and the active site architecture within this family of enzymes. Moreover, molecular dynamics and docking approaches provided structural insights into the substrate-binding mode. Biochemical characterization of LmPDT identifies the enzyme as a type I NDT (PDT), exhibiting excellent activity, with specific activity values 100- and 4000-fold higher than the ones reported for other PDTs. Interestingly, LmPDT remained stable during 36 h at different pH values at 40 °C. In order to explore the potential of LmPDT as an industrial biocatalyst, enzymatic production of several natural and non-natural therapeutic nucleosides, such as vidarabine (ara A), didanosine (ddI), ddG, or 2'-fluoro-2'-deoxyguanosine, was carried out using poorly water-soluble purines. Noteworthy, this is the first time that the enzymatic synthesis of 2'-fluoro-2'-deoxyguanosine, ara G, and ara H by a 2'-deoxyribosyltransferase is reported.

  15. Successive copper(I)-catalyzed cross-couplings in one pot: a novel and efficient starting point for synthesis of carbapenems.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Biao; Tian, Hua; Huang, Zuo-Gang; Xu, Min

    2008-07-03

    An efficient approach for synthesizing a series of 2-sulfide carbapenems has been developed using two successive Cu(I)-catalyzed cross-couplings in a single pot. The method involves highly selective intramolecular coupling of lactam and dihaloalkene using 2,2'-bipyridine as a ligand, followed by intermolecular C-S formation in the presence of another ligand (1,10-phenanthroline, PPh 3) and mercaptan.

  16. Unexpected, drastic effect of triflic acid on oxidative diacetoxylation of iodoarenes by sodium perborate. A facile and efficient one-pot synthesis of (diacetoxyiodo)arenes.

    PubMed

    Hossain, Md Delwar; Kitamura, Tsugio

    2005-08-19

    An easy, safe, and effective method for preparing (diacetoxyiodo)arenes from iodoarenes is presented. Addition of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (triflic acid) as a promoter causes a drastic increase in the yield of (diacetoxyiodo)arenes in the reaction of iodoarenes with sodium perborate. The reaction of the iodoarenes with sodium perborate in acetic acid in the presence of triflic acid at 40-45 degrees C efficiently generates the corresponding (diacetoxyiodo)arenes in high yields within short time.

  17. Self-assembly of hollow MoS2 microflakes by one-pot hydrothermal synthesis for efficient electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Aishi; Cui, Renjie; He, Yanna; Wang, Qi; Zhang, Jian; Yang, Jianping; Li, Xing'ao

    2017-07-01

    Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has emerged as a promising non-precious metal catalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in recent years. Some strategies including nanotechnology as well as atom doping have been employed in the preparing of electrocatalysts for high-activity and stability. To the best of our knowledge, hollow MoS2 microflakes assembled from ultrathin nanosheets have not been prepared previously. In this work, a simple, facile and environmentally friendly hydrothermal synthesis was utilized for the fabrication of hollow MoS2 microflakes for the first time. The unique hollow structures have fascinating properties, such as the large surface and low density. The morphology and structure of MoS2 microflakes were confirmed by XRD, SEM, TEM and Raman. The composition of these materials was identified by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Notably, the as-prepared hollow MoS2 microflakes showed better electrocatalytic activity than other samples. The hollow flake-like structure can not only increase the active edge sites owing to the large specific surface area, but also enhance the electron transport to improve the electrocatalytic activity. Benefiting from these factors, the hollow MoS2 microflakes exhibited electrocatalytic activity and excellent stability with a low overpotential about 85 mV and a Tafel slope of 59 mV per decade.

  18. One pot aqueous synthesis of nanoporous Au85Pt15 material with surface bound Pt islands: an efficient methanol tolerant ORR catalyst.

    PubMed

    Anandha Ganesh, P; Jeyakumar, D

    2014-11-07

    For the first time, we are reporting the synthesis of Au100-xPtx nanoporous materials in the size range of 7-10 nm through the galvanic replacement of Ag by Pt from Au100-xAg2x spherical nano-alloys (x = 20, 15, 10 and 5) in an aqueous medium. The galvanic replacement reaction follows the 'Volmer-Weber' growth mode, resulting in the formation of surface bound platinum islands on a nanoporous gold surface. The high angle annular dark field image and low angle X-ray diffraction studies confirm the presence of nanoporous Au100-xPtx NPs. The electrochemical studies using the Au85Pt15/C catalyst show excellent methanol tolerance behaviour and better performance towards oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in terms of high mass activity, mass-specific activity and figure of merit (FOM) when compared to HiSPEC Pt/C commercial catalyst. Preliminary studies on a full cell using nanoporous Au85Pt15/C (loading 1.0 mg cm(-2)) as the cathode material and Pt-Ru/C (loading: 0.5 mg cm(-2)) as the anode material performed better (38 mW cm(-2)) than the HiSPEC Pt/C cathode material (16 mW cm(-2)).

  19. One pot aqueous synthesis of nanoporous Au85Pt15 material with surface bound Pt islands: an efficient methanol tolerant ORR catalyst

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anandha Ganesh, P.; Jeyakumar, D.

    2014-10-01

    For the first time, we are reporting the synthesis of Au100-xPtx nanoporous materials in the size range of 7-10 nm through the galvanic replacement of Ag by Pt from Au100-xAg2x spherical nano-alloys (x = 20, 15, 10 and 5) in an aqueous medium. The galvanic replacement reaction follows the `Volmer-Weber' growth mode, resulting in the formation of surface bound platinum islands on a nanoporous gold surface. The high angle annular dark field image and low angle X-ray diffraction studies confirm the presence of nanoporous Au100-xPtx NPs. The electrochemical studies using the Au85Pt15/C catalyst show excellent methanol tolerance behaviour and better performance towards oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in terms of high mass activity, mass-specific activity and figure of merit (FOM) when compared to HiSPEC Pt/C commercial catalyst. Preliminary studies on a full cell using nanoporous Au85Pt15/C (loading 1.0 mg cm-2) as the cathode material and Pt-Ru/C (loading: 0.5 mg cm-2) as the anode material performed better (38 mW cm-2) than the HiSPEC Pt/C cathode material (16 mW cm-2).For the first time, we are reporting the synthesis of Au100-xPtx nanoporous materials in the size range of 7-10 nm through the galvanic replacement of Ag by Pt from Au100-xAg2x spherical nano-alloys (x = 20, 15, 10 and 5) in an aqueous medium. The galvanic replacement reaction follows the `Volmer-Weber' growth mode, resulting in the formation of surface bound platinum islands on a nanoporous gold surface. The high angle annular dark field image and low angle X-ray diffraction studies confirm the presence of nanoporous Au100-xPtx NPs. The electrochemical studies using the Au85Pt15/C catalyst show excellent methanol tolerance behaviour and better performance towards oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in terms of high mass activity, mass-specific activity and figure of merit (FOM) when compared to HiSPEC Pt/C commercial catalyst. Preliminary studies on a full cell using nanoporous Au85Pt15/C (loading 1.0 mg

  20. Eco-friendly and efficient one-pot synthesis of alkyl- or aryl-14H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthenes in water.

    PubMed

    Dabiri, Minoo; Baghbanzadeh, Mostafa; Nikcheh, Maryam Shakouri; Arzroomchilar, Elham

    2008-01-01

    Alkyl- or aryl-14H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthene derivatives are synthesized efficiently by the reaction of beta-naphthol and aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes in the presence of KAl(SO4)2 x 12 H2O (alum) under aqueous condition at 100 degrees C. Different types of aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes are used in the reaction and in all cases the products synthesized successfully. Several solvents were examined for this reaction; however, in terms of reaction yield and time, water was found to be the optimum solvent.

  1. One-pot multienzyme (OPME) systems for chemoenzymatic synthesis of carbohydrates.

    PubMed

    Yu, Hai; Chen, Xi

    2016-03-14

    Glycosyltransferase-catalyzed enzymatic and chemoenzymatic syntheses are powerful approaches for the production of oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, glycoconjugates, and their derivatives. Enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of sugar nucleotide donors can be combined with glycosyltransferases in one pot for efficient production of the target glycans from simple monosaccharides and acceptors. The identification of enzymes involved in the salvage pathway of sugar nucleotide generation has greatly facilitated the development of simplified and efficient one-pot multienzyme (OPME) systems for synthesizing major glycan epitopes in mammalian glycomes. The applications of OPME methods are steadily gaining popularity mainly due to the increasing availability of wild-type and engineered enzymes. Substrate promiscuity of these enzymes and their mutants allows OPME synthesis of carbohydrates with naturally occurring post-glycosylational modifications (PGMs) and their non-natural derivatives using modified monosaccharides as precursors. The OPME systems can be applied in sequence for synthesizing complex carbohydrates. The sequence of the sequential OPME processes, the glycosyltransferase used, and the substrate specificities of the glycosyltransferases define the structures of the products. The OPME and sequential OPME strategies can be extended to diverse glycans in other glycomes when suitable enzymes with substrate promiscuity become available. This Perspective summarizes the work of the authors and collaborators on the development of glycosyltransferase-based OPME systems for carbohydrate synthesis. Future directions are also discussed.

  2. One-pot multienzyme (OPME) systems for chemoenzymatic synthesis of carbohydrates

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Hai; Chen, Xi

    2016-01-01

    Glycosyltransferase-catalyzed enzymatic and chemoenzymatic syntheses are powerful approaches for the production of oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, glycoconjugates, and their derivatives. Enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of sugar nucleotide donors can be combined with the glycosyltransferases in one pot for efficient production of target glycans from simple monosaccharides and accpetors. The identification of enzymes involved in the salvage pathway of sugar nucleotide generation has greatly facilitate the development of simplified and efficient one-pot multienzyme (OPME) systems for synthesizing major glycan epitopes in mammalian glycomes. The applications of OPME methods are steadily gaining popularity mainly due to the increasing availability of wild-type and engineered enzymes. Substrate promiscuity of these enzymes and their mutants allows OPME synthesis of carbohydrates with naturally occurring post-glycosylational modificiation (PGMs) and their non-natural derivatives using modified monosaccharides as precursors. The OPME systems can be applied in sequential for synthesizing complex carbohydrates. The sequence of the sequential OPME processes, the glycosyltransferase used, and the substrate specificities of glycosyltransferasese define the structures of the products. The OPME and sequential OPME strategies can be extended to diverse glycans in other glycomes when suitable enzymes with substrate promiscuity become available. The Perspective summariezes the work of the authors and collaborators on the development of glycosyltransferase-based OPME systems for carbohydrate synthesis. Future directions are also discussed. PMID:26881499

  3. One-Pot Parallel Synthesis of Alkyl Sulfides, Sulfoxides, and Sulfones.

    PubMed

    Bogolubsky, Andrey V; Moroz, Yurii S; Mykhailiuk, Pavel K; Ostapchuk, Eugeniy N; Rudnichenko, Alexander V; Dmytriv, Yurii V; Bondar, Anna N; Zaporozhets, Olga A; Pipko, Sergey E; Doroschuk, Roman A; Babichenko, Liudmyla N; Konovets, Anzhelika I; Tolmachev, Andrey

    2015-06-08

    A simple and cost-effective one-pot parallel synthesis approach to sulfides, sulfoxides, and sulfones from thiourea was elaborated. The method combines two procedures optimized to the parallel synthesis conditions: alkylation of thiourea with alkyl chlorides and mono or full oxidation of in situ generated sulfides with H2O2 or H2O2-(NH4)2MoO4. The experimental set up required commonly used lab equipment: conventional oven and ultrasonic bath; the work up includes filtration or extraction with chloroform. The method was evaluated on an 81 member library of drug-like sulfides, sulfoxides, and sulfones yielding the compounds on a 30-300 mg scale. A small-scale synthesis of 2-(benzhydrylsulfinyl)acetamide (modafinil) utilizing our approach resulted in similar efficiency to the published procedures.

  4. Combined Pd/C and Montmorillonite Catalysis for One-Pot Synthesis of Benzimidazoles

    PubMed Central

    Weires, Nicholas A.; Boster, Jared; Magolan, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    A series of nineteen benzimidazoles are prepared from ortho-nitroanilines via one-pot transfer hydrogenation, condensation, and dehydrogenation enabled by the concurrent use of two heterogeneous catalysts: montmorillonite-K10 and Pd/C. This strategy is further employed to accomplish a five-step, three-component synthesis of an antifungal benzimidazoquinazoline using a simple one-pot procedure. PMID:23525858

  5. Three-component, one-pot sequential synthesis of N-aryl, N'-alkyl barbiturates.

    PubMed

    Volonterio, Alessandro; Zanda, Matteo

    2007-03-01

    [reaction: see text] Condensation between N-alkyl, N'-aryl carbodiimides and malonic acid monoesters leads to a high-yield formation of N-acyl urea derivatives that could be cyclized to C-monosubstituted barbiturates by addition of a suitable base in a one-pot sequential fashion. In the presence of an electrophile, the last step gives rise to a one-pot, three-component sequential synthesis of fully substituted barbiturates.

  6. An efficient one-pot synthesis of 1,4-disubstituted 1,2,3-triazoles at room temperature by green synthesized Cu NPs using Otostegia persica leaf extract.

    PubMed

    Nasrollahzadeh, Mahmoud; Sajadi, S Mohammad; Mirzaei, Yousef

    2016-04-15

    In this study, copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs) were synthesized using a rapid, single step and completely green biosynthetic method by reduction of CuCl2 · 2H2O solution with aqueous extract of leaves of Otostegia persica containing flavonoid and other phenolics as a main factor which acts as reducing agent and efficient stabilizer. UV-vis spectra gave surface plasmon resonance (SPR) at 560 nm. The Cu NPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). A possible synthesis mechanism of Cu NPs was presented. In addition, we investigated the catalytic activity of Cu NPs for the one-pot synthesis of 1,4-disubstituted 1,2,3-triazoles under mild reaction conditions with good to excellent yields. The catalyst could be easily recovered by centrifugation and reused at least five recycles with no significant decreases in the yields. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Total synthesis of aristolactams via a one-pot suzuki-miyaura coupling/aldol condensation cascade reaction.

    PubMed

    Kim, Joa Kyum; Kim, Young Ha; Nam, Ho Tae; Kim, Bum Tae; Heo, Jung-Nyoung

    2008-08-21

    A direct one-pot synthesis of phenanthrene lactams, which employs a Suzuki-Miyaura coupling/aldol condensation cascade reaction of isoindolin-1-one with 2-formylphenylboronic acid, has been developed. The approach is used to efficiently produce a number of natural aristolactams, such as aristolactam BII (cepharanone B), aristolactam BIII, aristolactam FI (piperolactam A), N-methyl piperolactam A, and sauristolactam.

  8. Highly Enantio- and Diastereoselective One-Pot Methods for the Synthesis of Halocyclopropyl Alcohols

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Hun Young; Salvi, Luca; Carroll, Patrick J.; Walsh, Patrick J.

    2009-01-01

    The lack of methods for the stereoselective transfer of functionalized carbenoids is one of the most significant deficiencies of Simmons–Smith cyclopropanation reactions. Outlined herein are one-pot methods for the catalytic asymmetric synthesis of halocyclopropyl alcohols with up to four stereogenic centers from achiral starting materials. The first method involves asymmetric alkyl addition to a conjugated enal to generate an allylic alkoxide followed by tandem diastereoselective iodo-, bromo- or chlorocyclopropanation to furnish halocyclopropyl alcohols. Enantioselectivities in these processes range from 89–99% and dr > 20:1 were achieved with all substrates optimized. The second method consists of an asymmetric vinylation of a saturated or aromatic aldehyde followed by a diastereoselective iodocyclopropanation to produce iodocyclopropyl alcohols with enantioselectivities between 86 and 99% and dr > 20:1. These complementary methods enable the efficient synthesis of a variety of halocyclopropyl alcohols in one-pot procedures. Preliminary efforts to functionalize iodocyclopropanes involve reaction with an excess of LiCu(n-Bu)2 to generate the cyclopropyl cuprate. This intermediate can be quenched with allyl bromides to generate the allylated cyclopropyl alcohols without loss of enantio- or diastereoselectivity. PMID:19154172

  9. D-Fructose-6-phosphate aldolase-catalyzed one-pot synthesis of iminocyclitols.

    PubMed

    Sugiyama, Masakazu; Hong, Zhangyong; Liang, Pi-Hui; Dean, Stephen M; Whalen, Lisa J; Greenberg, William A; Wong, Chi-Huey

    2007-11-28

    A one-pot chemoenzymatic method for the synthesis of a variety of new iminocyclitols from readily available, non-phosphorylated donor substrates has been developed. The method utilizes the recently discovered fructose-6-phosphate aldolase (FSA), which is functionally distinct from known aldolases in its tolerance of different donor substrates as well as acceptor substrates. Kinetic studies were performed with dihydroxyacetone (DHA), the presumed endogenous substrate for FSA, as well as hydroxy acetone (HA) and 1-hydroxy-2-butanone (HB) as donor substrates, in each case using glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate as acceptor substrate. Remarkably, FSA used the three donor substrates with equal efficiency, with kcat/KMvalues of 33, 75, and 20 M-1 s-1, respectively. This level of donor substrate tolerance is unprecedented for an aldolase. Furthermore, DHA, HA, and HB were accepted as donors in FSA-catalyzed aldol reactions with a variety of azido- and Cbz-amino aldehyde acceptors. The broad substrate tolerance of FSA and the ability to circumvent the need for phosphorylated substrates allowed for one-pot synthesis of a number of known and novel iminocyclitols in good yields, and in a very concise fashion. New iminocyclitols were assayed as inhibitors against a panel of glycosidases. Compounds 15 and 16 were specific alpha-mannosidase inhibitors, and 24 and 26 were potent and selective inhibitors of beta-N-acetylglucosaminidases in the submicromolar range. Facile access to these compounds makes them attractive core structures for further inhibitor optimization.

  10. One-Pot Synthesis of (S)-Baclofen via Aldol Condensation of Acetaldehyde with Diphenylprolinol Silyl Ether Mediated Asymmetric Michael Reaction as a Key Step.

    PubMed

    Hayashi, Yujiro; Sakamoto, Daisuke; Okamura, Daichi

    2016-01-04

    An efficient asymmetric total synthesis of (S)-baclofen was accomplished via a one-pot operation from commercially available materials using sequential reactions, such as aldol condensation of acetaldehyde, diphenylprolinol silyl ether mediated asymmetric Michael reaction of nitromethane, Kraus-Pinnick oxidation, and Raney Ni reduction. Highly enantioenriched baclofen was obtained in one pot with a good yield over four reactions.

  11. Propylsulfonic acid-anchored isocyanurate-based periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO-ICS-Pr-SO3H): A new and highly efficient recoverable nanoporous catalyst for the one-pot synthesis of bis(indolyl)methane derivatives.

    PubMed

    Yaghoubi, Amene; Dekamin, Mohammad G; Arefi, Elham; Karimi, Babak

    2017-11-01

    A new propylsulfonic acid-anchored isocyanurate bridging periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO-ICS-Pr-SO3H) was prepared and shown to be a highly efficient recyclable nanoporous catalyst for the one-pot synthesis of bis(indolyl)methane derivatives in good to excellent yields from indole and different aldehydes in EtOH under mild reaction conditions in short reaction times. Moreover, the nanoporous catalyst was recovered and reused at least four times without significant decrease in its catalytic activity. The PMO-ICS-Pr-SO3H catalyst was characterizred by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetry analysis (TGA) and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms techniques as well as field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. Compared to the classical methodologies, this method illustrated significant advantages including low loading of the catalyst, high to excellent yields, short reaction times, avoiding the use of toxic transition metals or reactive reagents for modification of the catalytic activity, easy separation and purification of the products, and reusability of the catalyst. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Efficient microwave-assisted one-pot preparation of angular 2,2-dimethyl-2H-chromone containing compounds

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Ting; Shi, Qian; Lee, Kuo Hsing

    2010-01-01

    A novel and efficient microwave-assisted one-pot reaction was developed to synthesize angular 2,2-dimethyl-2H-chromone containing compounds, which is the first and key step in the synthesis of potent DCK and DCP anti-HIV agents. The newly developed microwave synthesis conditions dramatically shortened the reaction time from 2 days to 4 hours with improved yields. PMID:20936082

  13. Efficient microwave-assisted one-pot preparation of angular 2,2-dimethyl-2H-chromone containing compounds.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Ting; Shi, Qian; Lee, Kuo Hsing

    2010-08-18

    A novel and efficient microwave-assisted one-pot reaction was developed to synthesize angular 2,2-dimethyl-2H-chromone containing compounds, which is the first and key step in the synthesis of potent DCK and DCP anti-HIV agents. The newly developed microwave synthesis conditions dramatically shortened the reaction time from 2 days to 4 hours with improved yields.

  14. One-pot multienzyme synthesis of Lewis x and sialyl Lewis x antigens.

    PubMed

    Yu, Hai; Lau, Kam; Li, Yanhong; Sugiarto, Go; Chen, Xi

    2012-09-01

    L-Fucose has been found abundantly in human milk oligosaccharides, bacterial lipopolysaccharides, glycolipids, and many N- and O-linked glycans produced by mammalian cells. Fucose-containing carbohydrates have important biological functions. Alterations in the expression of fucosylated oligosaccharides have been observed in several pathological processes such as cancer and atherosclerosis. Chemical formation of fucosidic bonds is challenging due to its acid lability. Enzymatic construction of fucosidic bonds by fucosyltransferases is highly efficient and selective but requires the expensive sugar nucleotide donor guanosine 5'- diphosphate-L-fucose (GDP-Fuc). Here, we describe a protocol for applying a one-pot three-enzyme system in synthesizing structurally defined fucose-containing oligosaccharides from free L-fucose. In this system, GDP-Fuc is generated from L-fucose, adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), and guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP) by a bifunctional L-fucokinase/GDP-fucose pyrophosphorylase (FKP). An inorganic pyrophosphatase (PpA) is used to degrade the by-product pyrophosphate (PPi) to drive the reaction towards the formation of GDP-Fuc. In situ generated GDP-Fuc is then used by a suitable fucosyltransferase for the formation of fucosides. The three-enzyme reactions are carried out in one pot without the need for high cost sugar nucleotide or isolation of intermediates. The time for the synthesis is 4-24 hours. Purification and characterization of products can be completed in 2-3 days.

  15. Tuneable light-emitting carbon-dot/polymer flexible films prepared through one-pot synthesis.

    PubMed

    Bhunia, Susanta Kumar; Nandi, Sukhendu; Shikler, Rafi; Jelinek, Raz

    2016-02-14

    Development of efficient, inexpensive, and environmentally-friendly light emitters, particularly devices that produce white light, have drawn intense interest due to diverse applications in the lighting industry, photonics, solar energy, and others. We present a simple strategy for the fabrication of flexible transparent films exhibiting tuneable light emission through one-pot synthesis of polymer matrixes with embedded carbon dots assembled in situ. Importantly, different luminescence colours were produced simply by preparing C-dot/polymer films using carbon precursors that yielded C-dots exhibiting distinct fluorescence emission profiles. Furthermore, mixtures of C-dot precursors could be also employed for fabricating films exhibiting different colours. In particular, we successfully produced films emitting white light with attractive properties (i.e."warm" white light with a high colour rendering index) - a highly sought after goal in optical technologies.

  16. Tuneable light-emitting carbon-dot/polymer flexible films prepared through one-pot synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhunia, Susanta Kumar; Nandi, Sukhendu; Shikler, Rafi; Jelinek, Raz

    2016-02-01

    Development of efficient, inexpensive, and environmentally-friendly light emitters, particularly devices that produce white light, have drawn intense interest due to diverse applications in the lighting industry, photonics, solar energy, and others. We present a simple strategy for the fabrication of flexible transparent films exhibiting tuneable light emission through one-pot synthesis of polymer matrixes with embedded carbon dots assembled in situ. Importantly, different luminescence colours were produced simply by preparing C-dot/polymer films using carbon precursors that yielded C-dots exhibiting distinct fluorescence emission profiles. Furthermore, mixtures of C-dot precursors could be also employed for fabricating films exhibiting different colours. In particular, we successfully produced films emitting white light with attractive properties (i.e. ``warm'' white light with a high colour rendering index) - a highly sought after goal in optical technologies.Development of efficient, inexpensive, and environmentally-friendly light emitters, particularly devices that produce white light, have drawn intense interest due to diverse applications in the lighting industry, photonics, solar energy, and others. We present a simple strategy for the fabrication of flexible transparent films exhibiting tuneable light emission through one-pot synthesis of polymer matrixes with embedded carbon dots assembled in situ. Importantly, different luminescence colours were produced simply by preparing C-dot/polymer films using carbon precursors that yielded C-dots exhibiting distinct fluorescence emission profiles. Furthermore, mixtures of C-dot precursors could be also employed for fabricating films exhibiting different colours. In particular, we successfully produced films emitting white light with attractive properties (i.e. ``warm'' white light with a high colour rendering index) - a highly sought after goal in optical technologies. Electronic supplementary information (ESI

  17. Ultrasound promoted mild and facile one-pot, three component synthesis of 2H-indazoles by consecutive condensation, CN and NN bond formations catalysed by copper-doped silica cuprous sulphate (CDSCS) as an efficient heterogeneous nano-catalyst.

    PubMed

    Soltani Rad, Mohammad Navid

    2017-01-01

    An ultrasonic promoted facile and convenient one-pot three-component procedure for the synthesis of 2H-indazole derivatives using copper-doped silica cuprous sulphate (CDSCS) as a heterogeneous nano-catalyst has been described. In this approach, ultrasonic mediated reaction of different substituted 2-bromobenzaldehydes, structurally diverse primary amines, and tetrabutylammonium azide (TBAA) as an azide source in the presence of CDSCS in DMSO at room temperature furnishes 2H-indazoles in good to excellent yields. Utilizing ultrasonic irradiation techniques provided the dramatic improvements in terms of higher yields and shorter reaction times compared with conventional heating method.

  18. Dienamine and Friedel-Crafts one-pot synthesis, and antitumor evaluation of diheteroarylalkanals.

    PubMed

    Frías, María; Padrón, José M; Alemán, José

    2015-05-26

    An asymmetric synthesis of diheteroarylalkanals through one-pot dienamine and Friedel-Crafts reaction is presented. The reaction tolerates a large variety of substituents at different positions of the starting aldehyde and also in the indole nucleophile, and a range of diheterocyclic alkanals can be achieved. Furthermore, we have studied the antiproliferative activity of these new compounds in representative cancer tumor cell lines.

  19. Diversity oriented one-pot three-component sequential synthesis of annulated benzothiazoloquinazolines

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Annulated benzothiazoloquinazolines have been synthesized by a diversity oriented simple and convenient synthesis involving one-pot three-component reaction of substituted 2-aminobenzothiazoles with α-tetralone and aromatic/heteroaromatic aldehydes in ethanol in the presence of catalytic amount of triethylamine. The synthesized compounds have been characterized by their elemental analyses and spectral data. PMID:22381142

  20. One-pot synthesis of Pd@MOF composites without the addition of stabilizing agents.

    PubMed

    Chen, Liyu; Chen, Huirong; Li, Yingwei

    2014-12-07

    In this work, the first example of a facile one-pot route for the synthesis of Pd@MOF composites without additional stabilizing agents is developed. The as-synthesized MOF composite shows high activity and chemoselectivity in the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde even under atmosphere pressure of H2 and at room temperature.

  1. One-pot synthesis of novel 2,3-dihydro-1H-indazoles.

    PubMed

    Breton, Gary W; Lepore, Antonio J

    2011-11-16

    A copper(I)-mediated one-pot synthesis of 2,3-dihydro-1H-indazole heterocycles has been developed. This synthetic route provides the desired indazoles in moderate to good yields (55%-72%) which are substantially better than those achievable with an alternative two-step reaction sequence. The reaction is tolerant of functionality on the aromatic ring.

  2. Unprecedented one-pot chemocontrolled entry to thioxoimidazolidinones and aminoimidazolones: synthesis of kinase inhibitor leucettamine B.

    PubMed

    Selvaraju, Manikandan; Sun, Chung-Ming

    2015-03-09

    A novel and highly chemoselective protocol for the construction of thioxoimidazolidinone and aminoimidazolone frameworks was explored, and the influence of the reaction conditions on product formation was studied to establish two distinct approaches for their selective formation. In this one-pot reaction, ambient temperature generally resulted in the formation of thioxoimidazolidinones, whereas microwave irradiation provided aminoimidazolones exclusively. An attempt to elucidate the observed chemoselectivity is described, and the products were confirmed by X-ray studies. One-pot synthesis toward Leucettamine B, a marine alkaloid, was achieved on the basis of this protocol.

  3. Manganese-rich MnSAPO-34 molecular sieves as an efficient catalyst for the selective catalytic reduction of NO x with NH3: one-pot synthesis, catalytic performance, and characterization.

    PubMed

    Yu, Chenglong; Chen, Feng; Dong, Lifu; Liu, Xiaoqing; Huang, Bichun; Wang, Xinnan; Zhong, Shengbang

    2017-03-01

    Manganese-rich MnSAPO-34 molecular sieves were prepared by one-pot synthesis method for NO x abatement using the ammonia-selective catalytic reduction (NH3-SCR) technology and characterized using ICP, BET, XRD, FE-SEM, H2-TPR, NH3-TPD, XPS, and DR UV-Vis analyses. The experimental results indicate that the Mn content and chemical state, as well as the surface acidity, of the MnSAPO-34 molecular sieves significantly enhance their DeNO x efficiency at low temperatures (ca. 200-300 °C). The manganese-rich MnSAPO-34 was synthesized using a combination of triethylamine and diisopropylamine as the structural directing agents and high Mn loading (n(MnO)/n(P2O5) = 0.4). The resulting catalyst exhibits the highest activity among all of the samples with a NO x conversion value of nearly 95% and a N2 selectivity that is higher than 90% at 220-400 °C. In addition, this catalyst presents higher NO x conversion than the conventional V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalysts and other SAPO-based catalysts below 300 °C. Furthermore, the analytical results indicate that the manganese species in the catalyst are mainly in the form of a framework Mn(IV), which could play a significant role in the NH3-SCR process as the specific active species. The results suggest that controlling the types and content of the organic amine templates and variations in the surface acidity of the catalysts may significantly enhance the SCR activity at lower temperatures.

  4. Efficient and versatile catalysis of N-alkylation of heterocyclic amines with alcohols and one-pot synthesis of 2-aryl substituted benzazoles with newly designed ruthenium(II) complexes of PNS thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Ramachandran, Rangasamy; Prakash, Govindan; Selvamurugan, Sellappan; Viswanathamurthi, Periasamy; Malecki, Jan Grzegorz; Ramkumar, Venkatachalam

    2014-06-07

    Ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes with phosphine-functionalized PNS type thiosemicarbazone ligands [RuCl(CO)(EPh3)(L)] (1-6) (E = P or As, L = 2-(2-(diphenylphosphino)benzylidene) thiosemicarbazone (PNS-H), 2-(2-(diphenylphosphino)benzylidene)-N-methylthiosemicarbazone (PNS-Me), 2-(2-(diphenylphosphino)benzylidene)-N-phenylthiosemicarbazone (PNS-Ph)) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopy (IR, UV-Vis, (1)H, (13)C, (31)P-NMR) as well as ESI mass spectrometry. The molecular structures of complexes 1, 2 and 6 were identified by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The analysis revealed that all the complexes possess a distorted octahedral geometry with the ligand coordinating in a uni-negative tridentate PNS fashion. All the ruthenium complexes (1-6) were tested as catalyst for N-alkylation of heteroaromatic amines with alcohols. Notably, complex 2 was found to be a very efficient and versatile catalyst towards N-alkylation of a wide range of heterocyclic amines with alcohols. Complex 2 can also catalyze the direct amination of 2-nitropyridine with benzyl alcohol to the corresponding secondary amine. Furthermore, a preliminary examination of performance for N,N-dialkylation of diamine showed promising results, giving good conversion and high selectivity. In addition, N-alkylation of ortho-substituted anilines (-NH2, -OH and -SH) led to the one-pot synthesis of 2-aryl substituted benzimidazoles, benzoxazoles and benzothiazoles, also revealing the catalytic activity of complex 2.

  5. Highly efficient non-precious metal electrocatalysts prepared from one-pot synthesized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Dan; Shui, Jiang-Lan; Grabstanowicz, Lauren R; Chen, Chen; Commet, Sean M; Xu, Tao; Lu, Jun; Liu, Di-Jia

    2014-02-01

    A facile synthesis of non-PGM ORR electrocatalysts through thermolysis of one-pot synthesized ZIF is demonstrated. The electrocatalysts exhibit excellent activity, with a maximum volumetric current density of 88.1 A cm(-3) measured at 0.8 V in PEFC tests. This approach not only makes ZIFs-based electrocatalysts easy to scale up, but also paves the way for the tailored synthesis of electrocatalysts.

  6. One-pot synthesis, optical property and self-assembly of monodisperse silver nanospheres

    SciTech Connect

    Tang Aiwei; Qu Shengchun; Hou Yanbing; Teng Feng; Wang Yongsheng; Wang Zhanguo

    2011-08-15

    High-quality spherical silver (Ag) nanocrystals have been synthesized by using a one-pot approach, in which pre-synthesis of organometallic precursors is not required. This reaction involves the thermolysis of a mixed solution of silver acetate and n-dodecanethiol in a non-coordinating organic solvent. The size of the as-obtained Ag nanospheres can be controlled by adjusting the reaction time, reaction temperature and the amount of silver acetate added. The growth and nucleation process of the resultant Ag nanospheres have been studied by employing UV-vis absorption spectra and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images. Furthermore, these Ag nanospheres have good self-assembly behaviors, and they are easily self-assembled into two- or three-dimensional superlattice structures due to the bundling and interdigitation of thiolate molecules adsorbed on Ag nanospheres. This one-pot synthetic procedure is simple and highly reproducible, which may be extended to prepare other noble-metal nanocrystals. - Graphical abstract: Different sized and monodisperse silver nanospheres were prepared using a one-pot approach with no pre-synthesis of organometallic precursors, and the silver nanospheres can self-assemble into highly ordered superlattices. Highlights: > Monodisperse silver nanospheres have been synthesized by a one-pot approach. > The synthetic method does not need pre-synthesis of organometallic precursors. > The silver nanospheres can self-assemble into highly ordered superlattices. > This synthetic method can be extended to prepare other metal nanocrystals.

  7. Hcp cobalt nanocrystals with high magnetic anisotropy prepared by easy one-pot synthesis.

    PubMed

    Meziane, L; Salzemann, C; Aubert, C; Gérard, H; Petit, C; Petit, M

    2016-11-10

    Herein we describe the first synthesis of pure mono-disperse spherical hcp-nanocrystals ferromagnetic at room temperature. Our strategy, based on the simple combination of oleylamine and ClCo(PPh3)3, allows the one-pot synthesis of size-controlled hcp-nanocrystals. The size and shape of the nanocrystals can be tuned by varying the reaction time or the concentration.

  8. One-Pot Strategy for Thiazoline Synthesis from Alkenes and Thioamides.

    PubMed

    Alom, Nur-E; Wu, Fan; Li, Wei

    2017-02-17

    A convenient synthesis of a privileged pharmaceutical motif, thiazoline is accomplished. This reaction utilizes simple and readily available alkene and thioamide substrates in an intermolecular fashion via a simple one-pot procedure. A wide range of functional groups is tolerated, and the thiazoline product has been further utilized for the synthesis of the corresponding β-aminothiol and thiazole from routine hydrolysis and oxidation protocols.

  9. NBS/DBU mediated one-pot synthesis of α-acyloxyketones from benzylic secondary alcohols and carboxylic acids.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Minghui; Wei, Wei; Yang, Daoshan; Cui, Hong; Cui, Huanhuan; Sun, Xuejun; Wang, Hua

    2016-11-22

    A simple and efficient one-pot NBS/DBU-mediated method has been developed for the synthesis of α-acyloxyketones from various benzylic secondary alcohols and carboxylic acids. Through this methodology, a series of α-acyloxyketones could be obtained in good to excellent yields under mild conditions. Importantly, this new reaction avoids the direct usage of toxic metal catalysts or potentially dangerous peroxide oxidants.

  10. Recent advances in the catalytic one-pot synthesis of flavonoids and chromones.

    PubMed

    Mohadeszadeh, Manijeh; Iranshahi, Mehrdad

    2017-03-15

    Flavonoids and chromones are two important classes of natural products that have various biological properties. During the past 10 years, there has been a significant increase in studies on the one-pot synthesis of flavonoids and chromones as medicinal scaffolds in drug discovery. This review describes the scope, mechanistic properties and regio- and chemo-selectivity features of several recently developed one-pot procedures for the synthesis of substituted chromones and flavonoids that have recently been published. Special importance is placed on the most promising and exciting medicinal applications of flavonoids and chromones. In this review, we discuss the progress on the synthesis of flavonoid and chromone derivatives in the presence of metal catalysts, organocatalysts, solid surfaces, microwave irradiation, acid and base catalysis, etc. For example, flavones can be prepared via the catalytic coordination of palladium complexes in a short time and at a low temperature with a high yield. Additionally, the one-pot synthesis of 2-substituted chromones via metal triflate (Yb(OTf)3) has provided the best result for this type of reaction with a high yield and a high regio and chemo-selectivity. Generally, this review proposes the first specific overview of this developing and rapidly expanding field of flavonoid synthesis. We also discuss the mechanisms and advantages and disadvantages of methods for the synthesis of flavonoids and chromones. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at epub@benthamscience.org.

  11. A One-Pot Synthesis of Dibenzofurans from 6-Diazo-2-cyclohexenones.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Hua; Yang, Ke; Zheng, Hongyan; Ding, Ruichao; Yin, Fangjie; Wang, Ning; Li, Yun; Cheng, Bin; Wang, Huifei; Zhai, Hongbin

    2015-12-04

    A novel and efficient protocol for the rapid construction of dibenzofuran motifs from 6-diazo-2-cyclohexenone and ortho-haloiodobenzene has been developed. The process involves one-pot Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling/aromatization and Cu-catalyzed Ullmann coupling.

  12. One pot direct synthesis of amides or oxazolines from carboxylic acids using Deoxo-Fluor reagent.

    PubMed

    Kangani, Cyrous O; Kelley, David E

    2005-12-19

    A mild and highly efficient one pot-one step condensation and/or condensation-cyclization of various acids to amides and/or oxazolines using Deoxo-Fluor reagents is described. Parallel syntheses of various free fatty acids with 2-amino-2, 2-dimethyl-1-propanol resulted with excellent yields.

  13. Microwave-assisted one-pot synthesis of 1,6-anhydrosugars and orthogonally protected thioglycosides.

    PubMed

    Ko, Yen-Chun; Tsai, Cheng-Fang; Wang, Cheng-Chung; Dhurandhare, Vijay M; Hu, Pu-Ling; Su, Ting-Yang; Lico, Larry S; Zulueta, Medel Manuel L; Hung, Shang-Cheng

    2014-10-15

    Living organisms employ glycans as recognition elements because of their large structural information density. Well-defined sugar structures are needed to fully understand and take advantage of glycan functions, but sufficient quantities of these compounds cannot be readily obtained from natural sources and have to be synthesized. Among the bottlenecks in the chemical synthesis of complex glycans is the preparation of suitably protected monosaccharide building blocks. Thus, easy, rapid, and efficient methods for building-block acquisition are desirable. Herein, we describe routes directly starting from the free sugars toward notable monosaccharide derivatives through microwave-assisted one-pot synthesis. The procedure followed the in situ generation of per-O-trimethylsilylated monosaccharide intermediates, which provided 1,6-anhydrosugars or thioglycosides upon treatment with either trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate or trimethyl(4-methylphenylthio)silane and ZnI2, respectively, under microwave irradiation. We successfully extended the methodology to regioselective protecting group installation and manipulation toward a number of thioglucosides and the glycosylation of persilylated derivatives, all of which were conducted in a single vessel. These developed approaches open the possibility for generating arrays of suitably protected building blocks for oligosaccharide assembly in a short period with minimal number of purification stages.

  14. One-pot synthesis of thermoplastic mixed paramylon esters using trifluoroacetic anhydride.

    PubMed

    Shibakami, Motonari; Tsubouchi, Gen; Sohma, Mitsugu; Hayashi, Masahiro

    2015-03-30

    Mixed paramylon esters prepared from paramylon (a storage polysaccharide of Euglena), acetic acid, and a long-chain fatty acid by one-pot synthesis using trifluoroacetic anhydride as a promoter and solvent were shown to have thermoplasticity. Size exclusion chromatography indicated that the mixed paramylon esters had a weight average molecular weight of approximately 4.9-6.7×10(5). Thermal analysis showed that these esters were stable in terms of the glass transition temperature (>90°C) and 5% weight loss temperature (>320°C). The degree of substitution of the long alkyl chain group, a dominant factor determining thermoplasticity, was controlled by tuning the feed molar ratio of acetic acid and long-chain fatty acid to paramylon. These results implied that the one-pot synthesis is useful for preparing structurally-well defined thermoplastic mixed paramylon esters with high molecular weight. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. One-Pot Synthesis of Densely Substituted Pyrazolo[3,4-b]-4,7-dihydropyridines.

    PubMed

    Rao, H Surya Prakash; Adigopula, Lakshmi Narayana; Ramadas, Krishna

    2017-05-08

    We have achieved a facile synthesis of a combinatorial library of densely substituted pyrazolo[3,4-b]-4,7-dihydropyridines- the mimics of antigenital wart drug podophyllotoxin-from 5-aminopyrazoles and 4-(methylthio) 4H-chromenes. The C(4) pyrazolyl 4H-chromenes, which also possess structural features of podophyllotoxin, were isolable intermediates in the two-step, one-pot condensation. The condensation took place in a one-pot, multicomponent manner when 3-oxo-3-phenylpropanenitriles, hydrazine (precursors for 5-aminopyrazoles) and 4-(methylthio)-4H-chromenes were heated in refluxing ethanol. The condensation, however, stops at 4H-chromene stage when methyl hydrazine or phenylhydrazine were employed. Our findings offer an opportunity for synthesis of a combinatorial library of podophyllotoxin mimics, thus paving the way for discovery of lead candidates for cancer treatment.

  16. Novel isocyanide-based three-component one-pot synthesis of cyanophenylamino-acetamide derivatives.

    PubMed

    Shaabani, Ahmad; Maleki, Ali; Mofakham, Hamid; Khavasi, Hamid Reza

    2008-01-01

    A one-pot multicomponent synthesis of a novel class of cyanophenylamino-acetamides through the conversion of primary amides to the corresponding nitriles, starting from simple and readily available inputs including 2-aminobenzamide, an aldehyde, and an isocyanide in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid as a catalyst, in excellent yields at room temperature in ethanol as a green reaction medium is described.

  17. A Mild and General One-Pot Synthesis of Densely Functionalized Diaryliodonium Salts

    PubMed Central

    Qin, Linlin; Hu, Bao; Neumann, Kiel D.; Linstad, Ethan J.; McCauley, Katelyenn; Veness, Jordan; Kempinger, Jayson J.

    2016-01-01

    Diaryliodonium salts are powerful and widely used arylating agents in organic chemistry. Here we report a scalable, synthesis of densely functionalized diaryliodonium salts from aryl iodides under mild conditions. This two-step, one-pot process has remarkable functional group tolerance, is compatible with commonly employed acid-labile protective group strategies, avoids heavy metal and transition metal reagents, and provides a direct route to stable precursors to PET imaging agents. PMID:27065751

  18. One-Pot Three-Component Condensation Synthesis and Structural Features of Organophosphorus-Sulfur Macrocycles.

    PubMed

    Hua, Guoxiong; Du, Junyi; Cordes, David B; Slawin, Alexandra M Z; Woollins, J Derek

    2016-05-20

    A new preparative route was developed to synthesize new phosphorus-sulfur [SP(═S)S moiety]-containing macrocycles via a one-pot and three-component domino reaction of four-membered ring thionation reagents such as 2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3,2,4-dithiadiphosphetane 2,4-disulfide (LR, Lawesson's reagent) and 2,4-diferrocenyl-1,3,2,4-diathiadiphosphetane 2,4-disulfide (FcLR, a ferrocene analogue of Lawesson's reagent) and alkyldithiols(aryldithols) and dihaloalkanes in the presence of sodium hydride. Therefore, a series of 12- to 18-membered macrocycles incorporating two phosphorus and six sulfur atoms were synthesized. The synthesis features a novel application of the multicomponent reaction, providing an efficient route to the preparation of the new phosphorus-sulfur-containing macrocycles. Seven representative X-ray structures confirm the formation of these macrocycles and show the presence of a number of the intramolecular C-H···S hydrogen bonding, intermolecular C-H···S, C-H···Cl, and Cl···Cl short contacts and π-stacking interactions in their 3D network structures.

  19. One pot synthesis of intriguing fluorescent carbon dots for sensing and live cell imaging.

    PubMed

    Jana, Jayasmita; Ganguly, Mainak; Das, Bodhisatwa; Dhara, Santanu; Negishi, Yuichi; Pal, Tarasankar

    2016-04-01

    We report a simple one-pot synthesis of highly fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) via modified hydrothermal (MHT) treatment of alkaline solution of dopamine and cysteine. These CDs (λex=320 nm, λem=390 nm, and quantum yield ∼ 5.1%) are of ∼ 2-3 nm in diameter. Further attempt of synthesizing CDs in some common water-miscible solvents ends up the fact that the MHT product from acetone medium is nonfluorescent. However, CDs, produced in aqueous medium, are so stable that they can be dried as a deliverable solid (WCD) without any alteration of fluorescing property if reversibly dispersed in water. Fluorescence of WCD is quenched selectively in acetone. Quenching occurs presumably due to the disruption of radiative recombination along with the hindrance in quantum confinement of the emissive energy traps to the particle surface. Successive quenching of fluorescence of WCD in different acetone concentration admixed in water paves the way to selective acetone sensing (LOD=8.75 × 10(-7) M). The synthesized CDs (in aqueous medium) are cytocompatible and are efficient fluorescent probe for cell imaging. Only living cells are recognized exclusively from fluorescence imaging leaving aside dead cells, while cells are treated with CDs. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Rapid synthesis of 3-amino-imidazopyridines by a microwave-assisted four-component coupling in one pot.

    PubMed

    Dimauro, Erin F; Kennedy, Joseph M

    2007-02-02

    The rapid and efficient synthesis of various 2,6-disubstituted-3-amino-imidazopyridines using a microwave-assisted one-pot cyclization/Suzuki coupling approach is described. The utility of a 2-aminopyridine-5-boronic acid pinacol ester as a robust and versatile building block for the synthesis of diverse compound libraries is emphasized. The boronate functional group is remarkably tolerant to the Lewis acid catalyzed cyclizations, and the subsequent Pd(0)-catalyzed Suzuki coupling reactions proceed cleanly in the presence of magnesium salts. This work highlights the vast potential of microwave-assisted, metal-catalyzed, multicomponent reactions.

  1. Titanium-catalyzed multicomponent couplings: efficient one-pot syntheses of nitrogen heterocycles.

    PubMed

    Odom, Aaron L; McDaniel, Tanner J

    2015-11-17

    Nitrogen-based heterocycles are important frameworks for pharmaceuticals, natural products, organic dyes for solar cells, and many other applications. Catalysis for the formation of heterocyclic scaffolds, like many C-C and C-N bond-forming reactions, has focused on the use of rare, late transition metals like palladium and gold. Our group is interested in the use of Earth-abundant catalysts based on titanium to generate heterocycles using multicomponent coupling strategies, often in one-pot reactions. To be of maximal utility, the catalysts need to be easily prepared from inexpensive reagents, and that has been one guiding principle in the research. For this purpose, a series of easily prepared pyrrole-based ligands has been developed. Titanium imido complexes are known to catalyze the hydroamination of alkynes, and this reaction has been used to advantage in the production of α,β-unsaturated imines from 1,3-enynes and pyrroles from 1,4-diynes. Likewise, catalyst design can be used to find complexes applicable to hydrohydrazination, coupling of a hydrazine and alkyne, which is a method for the production of hydrazones. Many of the hydrazones synthesized are converted to indoles through Fischer cyclization by addition of a Lewis acid. However, more complex products are available in a single catalytic cycle through coupling of isonitriles, primary amines, and alkynes to give tautomers of 1,3-diimines, iminoamination (IA). The products of IA are useful intermediates for the one-pot synthesis of pyrazoles, pyrimidines, isoxazoles, quinolines, and 2-amino-3-cyanopyridines. The regioselectivity of the reactions is elucidated in some detail for some of these heterocycles. The 2-amino-3-cyanopyridines are synthesized through isolable intermediates, 1,2-dihydro-2-iminopyridines, which undergo Dimroth rearrangement driven by aromatization of the pyridine ring; the proposed mechanism of the reaction is discussed. The IA-based heterocyclic syntheses can be accomplished

  2. One-pot Unsymmetrical Ketone Synthesis Employing a Pyrrole-Bearing Formal Carbonyl Dication Linchpin Reagent.

    PubMed

    Heller, Stephen T; Newton, James N; Fu, Tingting; Sarpong, Richmond

    2015-08-17

    A one-pot procedure for the synthesis of unsymmetrical ketones utilizing a pyrrole-bearing carbonyl linchpin reagent (carbonyl linchpin N,O-dimethylhydroxylamine pyrrole; CLAmP) is reported. In contrast to other carbonyl dielectrophile equivalents, CLAmP enables the synthesis of ketones from a variety of organolithium and Grignard reagents. The electrophilic nature of CLAmP enables the addition of less reactive as well as thermally unstable nucleophiles. CLAmP was designed to form kinetically stable tetrahedral intermediates upon the addition of organometallic nucleophiles. Evidence for the existence of persistent tetrahedral intermediates was obtained through in situ IR studies.

  3. Facile one-pot synthesis of porphyrin based porous polymer networks (PPNs) as biomimetic catalysts

    SciTech Connect

    Zou, LF; Feng, DW; Liu, TF; Chen, YP; Fordham, S; Yuan, S; Tian, J; Zhou, HC

    2015-01-01

    Stable porphyrin based porous polymer networks, PPN-23 and PPN-24, have been synthesized through a facile one-pot approach by the aromatic substitution reactions of pyrrole and aldehydes. PPN-24(Fe) shows high catalytic efficiency as a biomimetic catalyst in the oxidation reaction of 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) in the presence of H2O2.

  4. Cell compatible arginine containing cationic polymer: one-pot synthesis and preliminary biological assessment.

    PubMed

    Zavradashvili, Nino; Memanishvili, Tamar; Kupatadze, Nino; Baldi, Lucia; Shen, Xiao; Tugushi, David; Wandrey, Christine; Katsarava, Ramaz

    2014-01-01

    Synthetic cationic polymers are of interest as both nonviral vectors for intracellular gene delivery and antimicrobial agents. For both applications synthetic polymers containing guanidine groups are of special interest since such kind of organic compounds/polymers show a high transfection potential along with antibacterial activity. It is important that the delocalization of the positive charge of the cationic group in guanidine significantly decreases the toxicity compared to the ammonium functionality. One of the most convenient ways for incorporating guanidine groups is the synthesis of polymers composed of the amino acid arginine (Arg) via either application of Arg-based monomers or chemical modification of polymers with derivatives of Arg. It is also important to have biodegradable cationic polymers that will be cleared from the body after their function as transfection or antimicrobial agent is fulfilled. This chapter deals with a two-step/one-pot synthesis of a new biodegradable cationic polymer-poly(ethylene malamide) containing L-arginine methyl ester covalently attached to the macrochains in β-position of the malamide residue via the α-amino group. The goal cationic polymer was synthesized by in situ interaction of arginine methyl ester dihydrochloride with intermediary poly(ethylene epoxy succinimide) formed by polycondensation of di-p-nitrophenyl-trans-epoxy succinate with ethylenediamine. The cell compatibility study with Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and insect Schneider 2 cells (S2) within the concentration range of 0.02-500 mg/mL revealed that the new polymer is not cytotoxic. It formed nanocomplexes with pDNA (120-180 nm in size) at low polymer/DNA weight ratios (WR = 5-10). A preliminarily transfection efficiency of the Arg-containing new cationic polymer was assessed using CHO, S2, H5, and Sf9 cells.

  5. 2,2,2-Trifluoroethyl Chlorooxoacetate--Universal Reagent for One-Pot Parallel Synthesis of N(1)-Aryl-N(2)-alkyl-Substituted Oxamides.

    PubMed

    Bogolubsky, Andrey V; Moroz, Yurii S; Mykhailiuk, Pavel K; Pipko, Sergey E; Zhemera, Anton V; Konovets, Anzhelika I; Stepaniuk, Olena O; Myronchuk, Inna S; Dmytriv, Yurii V; Doroschuk, Roman A; Zaporozhets, Olga A; Tolmachev, Andrey

    2015-10-12

    A one-pot parallel synthesis of N(1)-aryl-N(2)-alkyl-substituted oxamides with 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl chlorooxoacetate was developed. The synthesis of a library of 45 oxamides revealed higher efficiency of this reagent over the known ethyl chlorooxoacetate. The reagent was successfully used to prepare the known oxamide-containing HIV entry inhibitors.

  6. One-pot facile synthesis of Bi2S3/SnS2/Bi2O3 ternary heterojunction as advanced double Z-scheme photocatalytic system for efficient dye removal under sunlight irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Chongfei; Wang, Ke; Yang, Pengyan; Yang, Shengnan; Lu, Chen; Song, Yingze; Dong, Shuying; Sun, Jingyu; Sun, Jianhui

    2017-10-01

    The construction of solid-state Z-scheme heterojunction photocatalytic system to efficiently tailor the photoinduced charge separation is of great significance to water purification. In this study, we reported for the first time the controlled preparation of Bi2S3/SnS2/Bi2O3 double Z-scheme heterojunction photocatalyst by a simple one-pot solvothermal route. The experimental results with regard to rhodamine B (RhB) degradation showed that the as-fabricated heterojunctions can significantly enhance photocatalytic activity in comparison with pure Bi2S3. In addition, the optimized BiS-4 sample possessed good simulated-sunlight photocatalytic efficiency towards the degradation of other types of dyes, including methyl orange (MO), methylene blue (MB), orange IV (OG IV) and crystal violet (CV). By further probing the charge separation and migration behaviors, studying the band structure, as well as conducting the active species trapping experiments, a possible double Z-scheme photocatalytic mechanism was proposed, which not only benefited the efficient photogenerated electron-hole pair separation but also demonstrated advanced capacity for the removal of organic dyes. This work would pave the route towards the design of novel Z-scheme photocatalytic systems for energy conversion and environmental remediation.

  7. One-pot aqueous-phase synthesis of ultra-small CdSe/CdS/CdZnS core-shell-shell quantum dots with high-luminescent efficiency and good stability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhan, Hongju; Zhou, Peijiang; Pan, Keliang; He, Ting; He, Xuan; Zhou, Chuanyun; He, Yuning

    2013-06-01

    We describe the preparation and structural characterization of ultra-small water-dispersible CdSe semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots (QDs), which are covered by a double-shell structure from CdS and CdZnS through a one-pot microwave-assisted synthesis technique. Because of the radial increase of the respective valence- and conduction-band offsets, the resulting core-shell-shell CdSe/CdS/CdZnS QDs are well electronically passivated, which endows them with high-fluorescence quantum yield of 90 % and high crystallinity, as was investigated by optical characterization, X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Also, due to the stepwise adjustment of the lattice parameters in the radial direction, the obtained QDs display remarkable photostability, acid stability, and oxidation stability both in the aqueous solutions and the intracellular environment. The cytotoxicity experiment further substantiates the good biocompatibility of the core-shell-shell particles, though the size of the obtained QDs was very small (about 3.2 nm). This implied that the CdSe/CdS/CdZnS core-shell-shell QDs can be used as a promising candidate for fluorescent QDs-based biological applications.

  8. One-pot and two-step synthesis of novel carbonylthioureas and dicarbonyldithioureas derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banaei, Alireza; Shiran, Jafar Abbasi; Saadat, Afshin; Ardabili, Farnaz Fazlalizadeh; McArdle, Patrick

    2015-11-01

    One-pot, two-step synthesis of several 1-cyclopropanecarbonyl-3-(substituted phenyl)-thioureas and 1-(phenylene-1,4-dione)-3,3‧-(substituted phenyl)-dithioureas have been successfully prepared. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy and NMR. Also the crystal structure one of these compounds was determined by X-ray crystallography. All synthesized compounds were evaluated for antibacterial activity using Salmonella enterica (SE), Micrococcus luteus (ML), Bacillus subtilis (BS) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PS).

  9. The immobilization of 3-(chloropropyl)triethoxysilane onto silica by a simple one-pot synthesis.

    PubMed

    Adam, Farook; Osman, Hasnah; Hello, Kasim Mohammed

    2009-03-01

    Sodium silicate from rice husk ash (RHA) was transformed to functionalized silica with 3-(chloropropyl)triethoxysilane (CPTES) via a simple sol-gel technique in a one-pot synthesis. The (29)Si MAS NMR of the organo-silica complex (RHACCl) showed the presence of T(2), T(3), Q(3) and Q(4) silicon centers. The (13)C MAS NMR showed that RHACCl had three chemical shifts at 10.37, 26.70 and 47.69 ppm consistent with the three carbon atoms of the CPTES moiety. The presence of carbon, silicon and chlorine was determined by a combination of elemental analysis and EDX study.

  10. Diastereoselective one-pot tandem synthesis of 3-substituted isoindolinones: a mechanistic investigation.

    PubMed

    Angelin, Marcus; Rahm, Martin; Fischer, Andreas; Brinck, Tore; Ramström, Olof

    2010-09-03

    The mechanism of a base-catalyzed one-pot reaction of 2-cyanobenzaldehyde and primary nitroalkanes, to produce 3-substituted isoindolinones, has been investigated. A route starting with a nitroaldol (Henry) reaction, followed by a subsequent cyclization and rearrangement, was supported by intermediate analogue synthesis and DFT calculations. Direct diastereoselective crystallization from the reaction mixture was also achieved and studied for a number of substrates. Furthermore, the 3-substituted isoindolinones are an interesting group of compounds, both present important natural products, as well as being precursors to other valuable building blocks.

  11. One-pot protection-glycosylation reactions for synthesis of lipid II analogues.

    PubMed

    Mitachi, Katsuhiko; Mohan, Priya; Siricilla, Shajila; Kurosu, Michio

    2014-04-14

    (2,6-Dichloro-4-methoxyphenyl)(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methyl trichloroacetimidate (3) and its polymer-supported reagent 4 can be successfully applied to a one-pot protection-glycosylation reaction to form the disaccharide derivative 7 d for the synthesis of lipid II analogues. The temporary protecting group or linker at the C-6 position and N-Troc protecting group of 7 d can be cleaved simultaneously through a reductive condition. Overall yields of syntheses of lipid II (1) and neryl-lipid II N(ε)-dansylthiourea are significantly improved by using the described methods.

  12. One pot green synthesis of α-aminophosphonates with D-Malic acid as an organocatalyst

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mudila, Harish; Kapoor, Himanshu; Prasher, Parteek

    2017-07-01

    A one pot multi-component reactions using D-Malic acid as a chiral organocatalyst was carried out to synthesize a series of α-aminophosphonates by the reaction of various aldehydes, aniline and diethyl phosphite under solvent free conditions in excellent yield and were compared to parallel reactions under same conditions in absence of catalyst. The compounds thus synthesized were analyzed through NMR. The obtained outcomes represents excellent results with the used catalyst signifying that D-malic acid could be a persuasive catalyst for certain organic synthesis.

  13. One-pot synthesis of 1-iodoalkynes and trisubstituted alkenes from benzylic and allylic bromides.

    PubMed

    Pelletier, Guillaume; Lie, Sharon; Mousseau, James J; Charette, André B

    2012-11-02

    1-Iodoalkynes are formed in moderate to high yields from readily accessible benzylic and allylic alkyl bromides by a one-pot homologation/double elimination procedure with iodoform (CHI(3)). The developed conditions include facile purification and avoid the use of an excess of triphenylphosphine (PPh(3)), as described in classical Corey-Fuchs iodoalkynylation conditions. Replacing CHI(3) with CHI(2)Cl allows the isolation of the corresponding gem-(Z)-chloro-(E)-iodoalkene in good yield and stereoselectivity. Moreover, the use of benzhydryl bromides as nucleophiles enables the synthesis of trisubstituted alkenes under similar reaction conditions.

  14. New One-Pot Methodologies for the Modification or Synthesis of Alkaloid Scaffolds

    PubMed Central

    Wahba, Amir E.; Hamann, Mark T.

    2010-01-01

    There are several avenues by which promising bioactive natural products can be produced in sufficient quantities to enable lead optimization and medicinal chemistry studies. The total synthesis of natural products is an important, but sometimes difficult, approach and requires the development of innovative synthetic methodologies to simplify the synthesis of complex molecules. Various classes of natural product alkaloids are both common and widely distributed in plants, bacteria, fungi, insects and marine organisms. This mini-review will discuss the scope, mechanistic insights and enantioselectivity aspects of selected examples of recently developed one-pot methods that have been published in 2009 for the synthesis of substituted piperidines, quinolizidines, pyrrolidines, hexahydropyrrolizines, octahydroindolizines and γ-lactams. In addition, progress on the synthesis of β-carboline (manzamine) alkaloids will also be discussed. PMID:20948914

  15. Recent developments on ultrasound-assisted one-pot multicomponent synthesis of biologically relevant heterocycles.

    PubMed

    Banerjee, Bubun

    2017-03-01

    Heterocycles are the backbone of organic compounds. Specially, N- &O-containing heterocycles represent privileged structural subunits well distributed in naturally occurring compounds with immense biological activities. Multicomponent reactions (MCRs) are becoming valuable tool for synthesizing structurally diverse molecular entities. On the other hand, the last decade has seen a tremendous outburst in modifying chemical processes to make them sustainable for the betterment of our environment. The application of ultrasound in organic synthesis is fulfilling some of the goals of 'green and sustainable chemistry' as it has some advantages over the traditional thermal methods in terms of reaction rates, yields, purity of the products, product selectivity, etc. Therefore the synthesis of biologically relevant heterocycles using one-pot multi-component technique coupled with the application of ultrasound is one of the thrusting areas in the 21st Century among the organic chemists. The present review deals with the "up to date" developments on ultrasound assisted one-pot multi-component synthesis of biologically relevant heterocycles reported so far.

  16. Brönsted Acid-Catalyzed One-Pot Synthesis of Indoles from o-Aminobenzyl Alcohols and Furans

    PubMed Central

    Kuznetsov, Alexey; Makarov, Anton; Rubtsov, Alexandr E.; Butin, Alexander V.; Gevorgyan, Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    Brönsted acid-catalyzed one-pot synthesis of indoles from o-aminobenzyl alcohols and furans has been developed. This method operates via the in situ formation of aminobenzylfuran, followed by its recyclization into the indole core. The method proved to be efficient for substrates possessing different functional groups, including -OMe, -CO2Cy, and -Br. The resulting indoles can easily be transformed into diverse scaffolds, including 2,3- and 1,2-fused indoles, and indole possessing an α,β-unsaturated ketone moiety at the C-2 position. PMID:24255969

  17. Shape-controlled synthesis of Cu2O nanocrystals by one pot solution-phase reduction process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Meili; Yu, Jinpeng; Zhang, Jianmin; Lan, Qi; Dai, Jia; Huang, Yaohan; Li, Guangli; Fan, Qingfei; Fan, Ximei; Zhou, Zuowan

    2017-03-01

    An interesting evolution to prepare shape-controlled Cu2O nanocrystals was realized by a convenient one pot synthesis. The Cu2O nanocrystals with different shapes can be obtained simply by adjusting the composition of reaction system. And, a plausible mechanism was also proposed to explain the nanostructures formation. The surface of Cu2O spheres with thorn exhibited high photocatalytic activity on the degradation of methyl orange (MO) solution under visible light irradiation. The photodegradation efficiency of MO solution reach up to 99.67% at the first 10 min. It is still as high as 98% even at the end of the fourth cycle.

  18. Regioselective synthesis of 2H-indazoles using a mild, one-pot condensation-Cadogan reductive cyclization.

    PubMed

    Genung, Nathan E; Wei, Liuqing; Aspnes, Gary E

    2014-06-06

    An operationally simple and efficient one-pot synthesis of 2H-indazoles from commercially available reagents is reported. Ortho-imino-nitrobenzene substrates, generated via condensation, undergo reductive cyclization promoted by tri-n-butylphosophine to afford substituted 2H-indazoles under mild reaction conditions. A variety of electronically diverse ortho-nitrobenzaldehydes and anilines were examined. To further extend the scope of the transformation, aliphatic amines were also employed to form N2-alkyl indazoles selectively under the optimized reaction conditions.

  19. A convenient four-component one-pot strategy toward the synthesis of pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Mingxing; Li, Jiarong; Chai, Hongxin; Zhang, Kai; Yang, Deli; Zhang, Qi

    2015-01-01

    Summary An efficient one-pot synthesis of pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives by the four-component condensation of hydrazines, methylenemalononitriles, aldehydes and alcohols has been developed via two different reaction pathways. The structures of target products were characterized by IR spectroscopy, NMR (1H and 13C) spectroscopy and HRMS (ESI) spectrometry. The crystal structure of 4-ethoxy-6-(2-nitrophenyl)-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. PMID:26664633

  20. One-pot synthesis and antifungal activity against plant pathogens of quinazolinone derivatives containing an amide moiety.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jin; Liu, Jia; Ma, Yangmin; Ren, Decheng; Cheng, Pei; Zhao, Jiawen; Zhang, Fan; Yao, Yuan

    2016-05-01

    An efficient one-pot, three-component synthesis of quinazolinone derivatives containing 3-acrylamino motif was carried out using CeO2 nanoparticles as catalyst. Thirty-nine synthesized compounds were obtained with satisfied yield and elucidated by spectroscopic analysis. Four phytopathogenic fungi were chosen to test the antifungal activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. Compounds 4ag, 4bb, 4bc showed broad antifungal activities against at least three fungi, and dramatic effects of substituents on the activities were observed. Docking studies were established to explore the potential antifungal mechanism of quinazolinone derivatives as the chitinase inhibitors, and also verified the importance of the amide moiety.

  1. Facile one-pot synthesis and characterization of nickel supported on hierarchically porous carbon

    SciTech Connect

    Kotbagi, Trupti V.; Hakat, Yasemin; Bakker, Martin G.

    2016-01-15

    Highlights: • Novel, inexpensive, one-pot, synthesis method for Ni on hierarchically porous carbon. • Disappearance of surfactant mesopores seen with incorporation of nickel. • Distribution of Ni nanoparticles on the hierarchically porous carbon support was studied by SEM. • Nickel nanoparticles were dispersed on macropore walls and not within carbon. - Abstract: Described is a novel, facile route for the synthesis of nickel supported on hierarchically porous carbon (Ni/HPC) using a one-pot co-gelation sol–gel method. Ni/HPC with varying nickel loadings (0.5, 1, 2.5 and 5 wt% Ni) were synthesized and the materials characterized by nitrogen physisorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopies. The results show a three-dimensional network of disordered carbon with fine nickel nanoparticles of sizes ranging from 8 nm to 13 nm at 0.5 wt% Ni loading which gradually increased with increase in the Ni loading. The carbon structure was retained at the macropore level, but not at the mesoscale where the ordered mesopores were lost on nickel addition. The nickel nanoparticles were observed to grow on the surface of the ligaments. This may make them particularly suitable for low pressure Ni-catalyzed organic transformations e.g., hydrogenations, C–C coupling, C-heteroatom coupling, etc.

  2. One-Pot Exfoliation of Graphite and Synthesis of Nanographene/Dimesitylporphyrin Hybrids

    PubMed Central

    Bernal, M. Mar; Pérez, Emilio M.

    2015-01-01

    A simple one-pot process to exfoliate graphite and synthesize nanographene-dimesitylporphyrin hybrids has been developed. Despite the bulky mesityl groups, which are expected to hinder the efficient π–π stacking between the porphyrin core and graphene, the liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite is significantly favored by the presence of the porphyrins. Metallation of the porphyrin further enhances this effect. The resulting graphene/porphyrin hybrids were characterized by spectroscopy (UV-visible, fluorescence, and Raman) and microscopy (STEM, scanning transmission electron microscopy). PMID:25984598

  3. One-pot exfoliation of graphite and synthesis of nanographene/dimesitylporphyrin hybrids.

    PubMed

    Bernal, M Mar; Pérez, Emilio M

    2015-05-12

    A simple one-pot process to exfoliate graphite and synthesize nanographene-dimesitylporphyrin hybrids has been developed. Despite the bulky mesityl groups, which are expected to hinder the efficient π-π stacking between the porphyrin core and graphene, the liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite is significantly favored by the presence of the porphyrins. Metallation of the porphyrin further enhances this effect. The resulting graphene/porphyrin hybrids were characterized by spectroscopy (UV-visible, fluorescence, and Raman) and microscopy (STEM, scanning transmission electron microscopy).

  4. Versatile one-pot synthesis of supramolecular plastics and self-healing rubbers.

    PubMed

    Montarnal, Damien; Tournilhac, François; Hidalgo, Manuel; Couturier, Jean-Luc; Leibler, Ludwik

    2009-06-17

    We propose a strategy to obtain through a facile one-pot synthesis a large variety of supramolecular materials that can behave as differently as associating low-viscosity liquids, semicrystalline or amorphous thermoplastics, viscoelastic melts or rubbers. Such versatility is achieved thanks to simultaneous synthesis of branched backbones and grafting of associating units. This contrasts with usual synthetic pathways that rely on grafting functional groups on preprepared backbones. We use oligocondensation of fatty di- and triacids with diethylenetriamine and finely tune the molecular weight and degree of branching by end-capping some acid groups before condensation by reaction with aminoethylimidazolidone. Supramolecular assembly is formed thanks to complementary and self-complementary associations of amide, imidazolidone, and dialkylurea groups, and the stoichiometry directly controls the mesoscopic structure and properties.

  5. One-pot synthesis of Ag@SiO2@Ag sandwich nanostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Chaorong; Mei, Jie; Li, Shuwen; Lu, Nianpeng; Wang, Lina; Chen, Benyong; Dong, Wenjun

    2010-06-01

    Ag@SiO2@Ag sandwich nanostructures were prepared by a facile one-pot synthesis method. The Ag core, SiO2 shell and Ag nanoparticle shell were all synthesized with polyvinylpyrrolidone, catalysed by ammonia, in the one-pot reaction. The polyvinylpyrrolidone, acting as a smart reducing agent, reduced the Ag + to Ag cores and Ag shells separately. Furthermore, the polyvinylpyrrolidone served as a protective agent to prevent the silver cores from aggregating. The SiO2 shell and outer layer Ag nanoparticles were obtained when tetraethyl orthosilicate and ammonia were added to the silver core solution. Ammonia, acting as the catalyst, accelerated the hydrolysis of the tetraethyl orthosilicate to SiO2, which coated the silver cores. Furthermore, Ag(NH3)2 + ions were formed when aqueous ammonia was added to the solution, which increased the reduction capability. Then the polyvinylpyrrolidone reduced the Ag(NH3)2 + ions to small Ag nanoparticles on the surface of the Ag@SiO2 and formed Ag@SiO2@Ag sandwich structures with a standard deviation of less than 4%. This structure effectively prevented the Ag nanoparticles on the silica surface from aggregating. Furthermore, the Ag@SiO2@Ag sandwich structures showed good catalysis properties due to the large surface area/volume value and activity of surface atoms of Ag particles.

  6. One-pot synthesis of CuFeSe{sub 2} cuboid nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Hsu, Yu-Kuei; Lin, Yan-Gu; Chen, Ying-Chu

    2011-11-15

    Graphical abstract: CuFeSe{sub 2} cuboid nanoparticles with a tetragonal phase have been successfully synthesized via chemical route from a nonaqueous solution of octadecylamine solvent and metal chloride of precursor. Highlights: {yields} CuFeSe{sub 2} cuboid nanoparticles were prepared by a cost-effective and simple one-pot chemical route. {yields} Synthesized temperature and octadecylamine solvent play a significant role in the cuboid shape of nanoparticles. {yields} The nanocrystallinity feature and tetragonal phase of the CuFeSe{sub 2} nanoparticles were confirmed by HRTEM. -- Abstract: Ternary semiconducting CuFeSe{sub 2} nanocrystals of a particular shape and size were successfully synthesized using a cost-effective and simple one-pot chemical route. X-ray powder diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopy results indicated that the as-synthesized CuFeSe{sub 2} comprised cuboid nanoparticles with dimensions of 50-150 nm as well as a tetragonal phase. Elemental analysis yielded an atomic ratio of Cu:Fe:Se of 1:1.06:2.17. The synthesis temperature and the solvent octadecylamine were significant in determining the structural phases and morphologies of the final products. The optimal condition for synthesizing the tetragonal CuFeSe{sub 2} phase with cuboid nanoparticles was a reaction temperature of 200 {sup o}C for 1 h in octadecylamine solvent. A possible mechanism of the formation of ternary CuFeSe{sub 2} nanoparticles with controllable shapes is discussed.

  7. One-pot synthesis of class II lanthipeptide bovicin HJ50 via an engineered lanthipeptide synthetase

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jian; Ge, Xiaoxuan; Zhang, Li; Teng, Kunling; Zhong, Jin

    2016-01-01

    Lanthipeptides are a large class of bacteria-produced, ribosomally-synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides. They are recognized as peptide antibiotics because most of them exhibit potent antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive bacteria especially those that are phylogenetically related to producers. Maturation of class II lanthipeptide like bovicin HJ50 undergoes precursor modification by LanM and a subsequent leader peptide cleavage by LanT. Herein, via co-expression of precursor gene bovA, modification gene bovM and transporter gene bovT in Escherichia coli C43 (DE3), bioactive bovicin HJ50 was successfully produced and secreted. To further achieve in vitro one-pot synthesis of bovicin HJ50, an engineered bovicin HJ50 synthetase BovT150M was obtained by fusing the peptidase domain of BovT (BovT150) to the N-terminus of BovM. BovT150M exhibited dual functions of precursor modification and leader peptide cleavage to release mature bovicin HJ50. Under the guidance of BovA leader peptide, BovT150M exhibited substrate tolerance to modify non-native substrates including suicin and lacticin 481. This work exemplifies the feasibility of enzyme chimera of peptidase domain (LanT150) and modification enzyme (LanM) as a one-pot lanthipeptide synthetase. PMID:27924934

  8. One-pot synthesis of class II lanthipeptide bovicin HJ50 via an engineered lanthipeptide synthetase.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jian; Ge, Xiaoxuan; Zhang, Li; Teng, Kunling; Zhong, Jin

    2016-12-07

    Lanthipeptides are a large class of bacteria-produced, ribosomally-synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides. They are recognized as peptide antibiotics because most of them exhibit potent antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive bacteria especially those that are phylogenetically related to producers. Maturation of class II lanthipeptide like bovicin HJ50 undergoes precursor modification by LanM and a subsequent leader peptide cleavage by LanT. Herein, via co-expression of precursor gene bovA, modification gene bovM and transporter gene bovT in Escherichia coli C43 (DE3), bioactive bovicin HJ50 was successfully produced and secreted. To further achieve in vitro one-pot synthesis of bovicin HJ50, an engineered bovicin HJ50 synthetase BovT150M was obtained by fusing the peptidase domain of BovT (BovT150) to the N-terminus of BovM. BovT150M exhibited dual functions of precursor modification and leader peptide cleavage to release mature bovicin HJ50. Under the guidance of BovA leader peptide, BovT150M exhibited substrate tolerance to modify non-native substrates including suicin and lacticin 481. This work exemplifies the feasibility of enzyme chimera of peptidase domain (LanT150) and modification enzyme (LanM) as a one-pot lanthipeptide synthetase.

  9. One-pot synthesis and characterization of subnanometre-size benzotriazolate protected copper clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salorinne, Kirsi; Chen, Xi; Troff, Ralf W.; Nissinen, Maija; Häkkinen, Hannu

    2012-06-01

    A simple one-pot method for the preparation of subnanometre-size benzotriazolate (BTA) protected copper clusters, CunBTAm, is reported. The clusters were analyzed by optical and infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy together with computational methods. We suggest a structural motif where the copper core of the CunBTAm clusters is protected by BTA-Cu(i)-BTA units.A simple one-pot method for the preparation of subnanometre-size benzotriazolate (BTA) protected copper clusters, CunBTAm, is reported. The clusters were analyzed by optical and infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy together with computational methods. We suggest a structural motif where the copper core of the CunBTAm clusters is protected by BTA-Cu(i)-BTA units. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Additional UV-Vis, ESI-MS, Raman and TEM data; synthesis protocol for the alternative procedure to prepare Cu:BTA clusters; and coordinates of the Cu6BTA4 cluster. See DOI: 10.1039/c2nr30444a

  10. One-pot synthesis of ethylenediamine-connected graphene/carbon nanotube composite material for isolation of clenbuterol from pork.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Yanan; Jiao, Xiaoyan; Han, Yehong; Bai, Ligai; Liu, Haiyan; Qiao, Fengxia; Yan, Hongyuan

    2017-09-01

    A fluffy porous ethylenediamine-connected graphene/carbon nanotube composite (EGC), prepared by a simple and time-saving one-pot synthesis, was successfully applied as an adsorbent in pipette-tip solid-phase extraction (PT-SPE) for the rapid extraction and determination of clenbuterol (CLB) from pork. In the one-pot synthesis, carbon nanotubes were inserted into graphene sheets and then connected with ethylenediamine through chemical modification to form a three-dimensional framework structure to prevent agglomeration of the graphene sheets. Under the optimum conditions for extraction and determination, good linearity was achieved for CLB in the range of 15.0-1000.0ngg(-1) (r=0.9998) and the recoveries at three spiked levels were in the range of 92.2-96.2% with relative standard deviation ≤9.2% (n=3). In comparison with other adsorbents, including silica, NH2, C18, and Al2O3, EGC showed higher extraction and purification efficiency for CLB from pork samples. This analytical method combines excellent adsorption performance of EGC and high extraction efficiency of PT-SPE. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Modular Synthesis of Novel Macrocycles Bearing α,β-Unsaturated Chemotypes through a Series of One-Pot, Sequential Protocols.

    PubMed

    Javed, Salim; Bodugam, Mahipal; Torres, Jessica; Ganguly, Arghya; Hanson, Paul R

    2016-05-10

    A series of one-pot, sequential protocols was developed for the synthesis of novel macrocycles bearing α,β-unsaturated chemotypes. The method highlights a phosphate tether-mediated approach to establish asymmetry, and consecutive one-pot, sequential processes to access the macrocycles with minimal purification procedures. This library amenable strategy provided diverse macrocycles containing α,β-unsaturated carbon-, sulfur-, or phosphorus-based warheads. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Greener and rapid access to bio-active heterocycles: one-pot solvent-free synthesis of 1,3,4-oxadiazoles and 1,3,4-thiadiazoles

    EPA Science Inventory

    A novel one-pot solvent free synthesis of 1,3,4-oxadiazoles and 1,3,4-thiadiazoles by condensation of acid hydrazide and triethyl orthoalkanates under microwave irradiations is reported. This green protocol was catalyzed efficiently by solid supported Nafion®NR50 and phosphorus p...

  13. Greener and rapid access to bio-active heterocycles: one-pot solvent-free synthesis of 1,3,4-oxadiazoles and 1,3,4-thiadiazoles

    EPA Science Inventory

    A novel one-pot solvent free synthesis of 1,3,4-oxadiazoles and 1,3,4-thiadiazoles by condensation of acid hydrazide and triethyl orthoalkanates under microwave irradiations is reported. This green protocol was catalyzed efficiently by solid supported Nafion®NR50 and phosphorus p...

  14. One-pot synthesis of thiazino[2,3,4-hi]indole derivatives through a tandem oxidative coupling/heteroannulation process.

    PubMed

    Mao, Xi; Tong, Tao; Fan, Senbao; Fang, Liting; Wu, Jingyi; Wang, Xiaoxia; Kang, Honglan; Lv, Xin

    2017-04-12

    A novel and expedient one-pot synthesis of thiazino[2,3,4-hi]indole derivatives from o-haloaryl enamines and o-bromothiophenols has been developed. The tandem oxidative coupling/heteroannulation reactions exhibit high selectivity and good efficiency. The polycyclic heterocyclic products obtained might be useful in medicinal chemistry and materials science.

  15. One-pot facile synthesis of substituted isoindolinones via an Ugi four-component condensation/Diels-Alder cycloaddition/ deselenization-aromatization sequence.

    PubMed

    Huang, Xian; Xu, Jianfeng

    2009-11-20

    A versatile one-pot synthesis of substituted isoindolinones from 2-furaldehydes, amines, 2-(phenylselanyl)acrylic acids, and isocyanides is described. The tandem process involves the Ugi four-component condensation, intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloaddition, and subsequent deselenization-aromatization promoted by BF(3)-OEt(2). The procedure is general and efficient and the substrates are easily available.

  16. One-pot laser-assisted synthesis of porous carbon with embedded magnetic cobalt nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghimbeu, Camélia Matei; Sopronyi, Mihai; Sima, Felix; Delmotte, Luc; Vaulot, Cyril; Zlotea, Claudia; Paul-Boncour, Valérie; Le Meins, Jean-Marc

    2015-05-01

    A novel one-pot laser-assisted approach is reported herein for the synthesis of ordered carbons with embedded cobalt nanoparticles. The process is based on a UV pulsed laser exposure of an ethanolic solution consisting of green carbon precursors, a structure directing agent and a cobalt salt. Very short irradiation times (5 to 30 min) are only required to polymerize and cross-link carbon precursors (i.e. phloroglucinol and glyoxylic acid) independent of a catalyst presence. The influence of three metallic salts (acetate, nitrate and chloride) on the phenolic resin and carbon characteristics (structure, texture and particle size/distribution) was systematically studied. When exposed to UV laser, the metallic salt exhibited a strong influence on the particle size and distribution in the carbon matrix rather than on the textural carbon properties. Using cobalt acetate, very small (3.5 nm) and uniformly dispersed particles were obtained by this simple, fast and green one-pot synthesis approach. An original combined 13C CP-MAS and DP-DEC solid state NMR spectroscopy analysis allowed to determine the structure of phenolic resins as well as the location of the cobalt salt in the resin. Complementarily, the 1H solid-state and relaxation NMR provided unique insights into the rigidity (cross-linking) of the phenolic resin and dispersion of the cobalt salt. The magnetic properties of cobalt nanoparticles were found to be size-dependent: large Co nanoparticles (~50 nm) behave as bulk Co whereas small Co nanoparticles are superparamagnetic.A novel one-pot laser-assisted approach is reported herein for the synthesis of ordered carbons with embedded cobalt nanoparticles. The process is based on a UV pulsed laser exposure of an ethanolic solution consisting of green carbon precursors, a structure directing agent and a cobalt salt. Very short irradiation times (5 to 30 min) are only required to polymerize and cross-link carbon precursors (i.e. phloroglucinol and glyoxylic acid

  17. A Short, One-Pot Synthesis of Bupropion (Zyban®, Wellbutrin®)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perrine, Daniel M.; Ross, Jason T.; Nervi, Stephen J.; Zimmerman, Richard H.

    2000-11-01

    A one-pot synthesis of (±)-2-(t-butylamino)-3'-chloropropiophenone (bupropion) as its hydrochloride salt (Zyban, Wellbutrin), an important antidepressant drug used in the treatment of nicotine addiction, is described. The procedure, suitable for students in their first year of organic chemistry, can be carried out in less than two hours and provides material of high purity in overall yield of 75-85%. A solution of m-chloropropiophenone in CH2Cl2 is treated with Br2. After removal of the solvent, t-butylamine and N-methylpyrrolidinone are added and the mixture is warmed briefly, quenched with water, and extracted with ether. Concentrated HCl is added to the ether solution to precipitate the product.

  18. One-pot synthesis of PVA-capped silver nanoparticles their characterization and biomedical application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patil, Rupali S.; Kokate, Mangesh R.; Jambhale, Chitra L.; Pawar, Sambhaji M.; Han, Sung H.; Kolekar, Sanjay S.

    2012-03-01

    The rapid one-pot synthesis of silver nanoparticles (SNPs) at room temperature by using hydrazine hydrate as reducing agent and polyvinyl alcohol as stabilizing agent is reported. The SNPs were characterized with UV-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The synthesized silver nanoparticle shows surface plasmon resonance at 410 nm. The XRD reveals face-centered cubic (FCC) structure of SNPs. FE-SEM, AFM and TEM show that nanoparticles have spherical morphology with diameters in the range of 10-60 nm. The antimicrobial activity of synthesized hybrid material against strains of four different bacteria (Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococus aureus, Proteus vulgaris), that are commonly found in hospitals has been studied. The results indicate that such particles have potential applications in biotechnology and biomedical science.

  19. One-pot green synthesis of carbon quantum dot for biological application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asghar, Khushnuma; Qasim, Mohd; Das, D.

    2017-05-01

    A one-pot microwave assisted method for synthesizing carbon quantum dots (CQDs) from honey is presented in this paper. The structural, morphological and optical properties of synthesized CQDs were characterized by XRD, TEM, UV-Vis spectrophotometer, and Raman techniques. The average particle size of CQDs is found to be 2 to 7 nm. The main advantage of this work is the use of inexpensive, less toxic and environmental friendly precursors and synthesis procedure for CQDs. In addition to this, the particle size of prepared CQDs was found to be ultrafine with narrow size distribution. The as-prepared CQDs, with smaller particle size, good stability, good optical properties, water dispersibility and low toxicity, show promising potential for applications in biomedical field.

  20. One-pot laser-assisted synthesis of porous carbon with embedded magnetic cobalt nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Ghimbeu, Camélia Matei; Sopronyi, Mihai; Sima, Felix; Delmotte, Luc; Vaulot, Cyril; Zlotea, Claudia; Paul-Boncour, Valérie; Le Meins, Jean-Marc

    2015-06-14

    A novel one-pot laser-assisted approach is reported herein for the synthesis of ordered carbons with embedded cobalt nanoparticles. The process is based on a UV pulsed laser exposure of an ethanolic solution consisting of green carbon precursors, a structure directing agent and a cobalt salt. Very short irradiation times (5 to 30 min) are only required to polymerize and cross-link carbon precursors (i.e. phloroglucinol and glyoxylic acid) independent of a catalyst presence. The influence of three metallic salts (acetate, nitrate and chloride) on the phenolic resin and carbon characteristics (structure, texture and particle size/distribution) was systematically studied. When exposed to UV laser, the metallic salt exhibited a strong influence on the particle size and distribution in the carbon matrix rather than on the textural carbon properties. Using cobalt acetate, very small (3.5 nm) and uniformly dispersed particles were obtained by this simple, fast and green one-pot synthesis approach. An original combined (13)C CP-MAS and DP-DEC solid state NMR spectroscopy analysis allowed to determine the structure of phenolic resins as well as the location of the cobalt salt in the resin. Complementarily, the (1)H solid-state and relaxation NMR provided unique insights into the rigidity (cross-linking) of the phenolic resin and dispersion of the cobalt salt. The magnetic properties of cobalt nanoparticles were found to be size-dependent: large Co nanoparticles (∼50 nm) behave as bulk Co whereas small Co nanoparticles are superparamagnetic.

  1. Environmentally friendly efficient one-pot esterification of cyclohexane with CuO-promoted sulfated zirconia.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jingjing; Ma, Hongzhu; Wang, Bo

    2008-09-15

    The production of dibutyl phthalate directly from oxidation and esterification of cyclohexane, catalyzed by CuO-modified sulfated zirconia (SZCu) by one-pot under mild condition, was studied. The esterification reaction process was monitored by UV-vis spectra and the distribution of the products was analyzed by gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The result revealed that the SZCu catalyst was efficient in the direct oxidation and esterification of cyclohexane to ester. The selectivity for ester (dibutyl phthalate) can reach up to 72.2 wt.%, and the yield of ester was 29.5 wt.%. The esterification reaction, that offers several advantages such as usage of environmental friendly oxidant, simple work-up procedure, no-solvent conditions, short reaction times, easy recovery and reusability of the catalyst, is necessary for chemosynthesis industry from the environment standpoint. The regeneration property of SZCu was also tested in this work.

  2. One-pot, efficient functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes with diamines by microwave method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amiri, A.; Maghrebi, M.; Baniadam, M.; Zeinali Heris, S.

    2011-09-01

    Diamines are known to act as a medium to bind miscellaneous compounds to carbon nanotubes (CNT). However, they are commonly applied in a tedious manner. Here, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were functionalized by a series of diamine molecules (ethylenediamine, 1,6-hexamethylenediamine and 1,4-diaminobenzen) in a one-pot, rapid microwave-assisted method. Surface functionality groups and morphology of MWCNTs were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The results consistently confirmed the formation of diamines functionalities on MWCNTs, while the structure of MWCNT has remained relatively intact. This simple and efficient process may play an important role for realizing miscellaneous functionalization of CNTs.

  3. Interrupted oligomerization revisited: simple and efficient one-pot multicomponent approach to versatile synthetic intermediates.

    PubMed

    Valiulin, Roman A; Halliburton, Logan M; Kutateladze, Andrei G

    2007-09-27

    A novel multicomponent reaction allowing for a one-pot formation of three carbon-carbon bonds has been developed. It is based on in situ generation and anionic dimerization of methylenedithiane and produces a versatile synthetic equivalent of 4-hydroxy-1,3-alkanediones which, among other things, offers expeditious one-pot access to 3(2H)-furanones.

  4. Copper-catalyzed one-pot synthesis of 1,2,4-triazoles from nitriles and hydroxylamine.

    PubMed

    Xu, Hao; Ma, Shuang; Xu, Yuanqing; Bian, Longxiang; Ding, Tao; Fang, Xiaomin; Zhang, Wenkai; Ren, Yanrong

    2015-02-06

    A simple and efficient copper-catalyzed one-pot synthesis of substituted 1,2,4-triazoles through reactions of two nitriles with hydroxylamine has been developed. The protocol uses simple and readily available nitriles and hydroxylamine hydrochloride as the starting materials and inexpensive Cu(OAc)2 as the catalyst, and the corresponding 1,2,4-triazole derivatives are obtained in moderate to good yields. The reactions include sequential intermolecular addition of hydroxylamine to one nitrile to provide amidoxime, copper-catalyzed treatment of the amidoxime with another nitrile, and intramolecular dehydration/cyclization. This finding provides a new and useful strategy for synthesis of 1,2,4-triazole derivatives.

  5. Carbohydrate-steroid conjugation by Ugi reaction: one-pot synthesis of triple sugar/pseudo-peptide/spirostane hybrids.

    PubMed

    Rivera, Daniel G; Pérez-Labrada, Karell; Lambert, Liudmila; Dörner, Simon; Westermann, Bernhard; Wessjohann, Ludger A

    2012-10-01

    The one-pot synthesis of novel molecular chimeras incorporating sugar, pseudo-peptide, and steroidal moieties is described. For this, a new carbohydrate-steroid conjugation approach based on the Ugi four-component reaction was implemented for the ligation of glucose and chacotriose to spirostanic steroids. The approach proved wide substrate scope, as both mono and oligosaccharides functionalized with amino, carboxy, and isocyano groups were conjugated to steroidal substrates in an efficient, multicomponent manner. Two alternative strategies based on the hydrazoic acid variant of the Ugi reaction were employed for the synthesis of tetrazole-based chacotriose-diosgenin conjugates resembling naturally occurring spirostan saponins. This is the first time that triple sugar/pseudo-peptide/steroid hybrids are produced, thus opening up an avenue of opportunities for applications in drug discovery and biological chemistry.

  6. One-pot synthesis of magnetic nanoclusters enabling atherosclerosis-targeted magnetic resonance imaging.

    PubMed

    Kukreja, Aastha; Lim, Eun-Kyung; Kang, Byunghoon; Choi, Yuna; Lee, Taeksu; Suh, Jin-Suck; Huh, Yong-Min; Haam, Seungjoo

    2014-01-01

    In this study, dextran-encrusted magnetic nanoclusters (DMNCs) were synthesized using a one-pot solution phase method for detection of atherosclerosis by magnetic resonance imaging. Pyrenyl dextran was used as a surfactant because of its electron-stabilizing effect and its amphiphilic nature, rendering the DMNCs stable and water-dispersible. The DMNCs were 65.6±4.3 nm, had a narrow size distribution, and were superparamagnetic with a high magnetization value of 60.1 emu/g. Further, they showed biocompatibility and high cellular uptake efficiency, as indicated by a strong interaction between dextran and macrophages. In vivo magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the ability of DMNCs to act as an efficient magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent capable of targeted detection of atherosclerosis. In view of these findings, it is concluded that DMNCs can be used as magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents to detect inflammatory disease.

  7. One-pot synthesis of magnetic nanoclusters enabling atherosclerosis-targeted magnetic resonance imaging

    PubMed Central

    Kukreja, Aastha; Lim, Eun-Kyung; Kang, Byunghoon; Choi, Yuna; Lee, Taeksu; Suh, Jin-Suck; Huh, Yong-Min; Haam, Seungjoo

    2014-01-01

    In this study, dextran-encrusted magnetic nanoclusters (DMNCs) were synthesized using a one-pot solution phase method for detection of atherosclerosis by magnetic resonance imaging. Pyrenyl dextran was used as a surfactant because of its electron-stabilizing effect and its amphiphilic nature, rendering the DMNCs stable and water-dispersible. The DMNCs were 65.6±4.3 nm, had a narrow size distribution, and were superparamagnetic with a high magnetization value of 60.1 emu/g. Further, they showed biocompatibility and high cellular uptake efficiency, as indicated by a strong interaction between dextran and macrophages. In vivo magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the ability of DMNCs to act as an efficient magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent capable of targeted detection of atherosclerosis. In view of these findings, it is concluded that DMNCs can be used as magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents to detect inflammatory disease. PMID:24904209

  8. Symmetry breaking polymerization: one-pot synthesis of plasmonic hybrid Janus nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yanming; Ding, Tao; Baumberg, Jeremy J.; Smoukov, Stoyan K.

    2015-06-01

    Asymmetric hybrid nanoparticles have many important applications in catalysis, nanomotion, sensing, and diagnosis, however ways to generate the asymmetric hybrid nanoparticles are quite limited and inefficient. Most current methods rely on interfacial adhesion and modification of already formed particles. In this article we report a one-pot, facile and scalable synthesis of anisotropic Au-polymer hybrid nanoparticles via interfacial oxidative dispersion polymerization. The interfacial nucleation and polymerization lead to spontaneous symmetry breaking and formation of the Janus particles. The reaction is initiated by monomer radicals generated by the strong oxidant HAuCl4, which is itself later reduced by the electron-rich monomers to self-nucleate and form Au nanoparticles (NPs). The competition between divinylbenzene adsorption and the PVP capping agent results in effective partial surface wetting, forming asymmetric Au-PDVB hybrid nanoparticles, by confining growth of each material to its own phase. Such spontaneous symmetry breaking, important in morphogenesis, with control over the subsequent growth processes should lead to significant advances in the synthesis of asymmetric nanostructures.Asymmetric hybrid nanoparticles have many important applications in catalysis, nanomotion, sensing, and diagnosis, however ways to generate the asymmetric hybrid nanoparticles are quite limited and inefficient. Most current methods rely on interfacial adhesion and modification of already formed particles. In this article we report a one-pot, facile and scalable synthesis of anisotropic Au-polymer hybrid nanoparticles via interfacial oxidative dispersion polymerization. The interfacial nucleation and polymerization lead to spontaneous symmetry breaking and formation of the Janus particles. The reaction is initiated by monomer radicals generated by the strong oxidant HAuCl4, which is itself later reduced by the electron-rich monomers to self-nucleate and form Au nanoparticles

  9. Highly Photoluminescent Molybdenum Oxide Quantum Dots: One-Pot Synthesis and Application in 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Determination.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Sai Jin; Zhao, Xiao Jing; Hu, Ping Ping; Chu, Zhao Jun; Huang, Cheng Zhi; Zhang, Li

    2016-03-01

    As a well-studied transition-metal semiconductor material, MoOx has a wider band gap than molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), and its property varies dramatically for the existence of several different allotropes and suboxide phases of molybdenum oxides (MoOx, x < 3). In this manuscript, a one-pot method possessing the advantages of one pot, easily prepared, rapid, and environmentally friendly, has been developed for facile synthesis of highly photoluminescent MoOx quantum dots (MoOx QDs), in which commercial molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) powder and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are employed as the precursor and oxidant, respectively. The obtained MoOx QDs can be further utilized as an efficient photoluminescent probe, and a new turn-off sensor is developed for 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) determination based on the fact that the photoluminescence of MoOx QDs can be quenched by the Meisenheimer complexes formed in the strong alkali solution through the inner filter effect (IFE). Under the optimal conditions, the decreased photoluminescence of MoOx QDs shows a good linear relationship to the concentration of TNT ranging from 0.5 to 240.0 μM, and the limit of detection was 0.12 μM (3σ/k). With the present turn-off sensor, TNT in river water samples can be rapidly and selectively detected without tedious sample pretreatment processes.

  10. One pot synthesis of Ag nanoparticle modified ZnO microspheres in ethylene glycol medium and their enhanced photocatalytic performance

    SciTech Connect

    Tian Chungui; Li Wei; Pan Kai; Zhang Qi; Tian Guohui; Zhou Wei; Fu Honggang

    2010-11-15

    Ag nanoparticles (NPs) modified ZnO microspheres (Ag/ZnO microspheres) were prepared by a facile one pot strategy in ethylene glycol (EG) medium. The EG played two important roles in the synthesis: it could act as a reaction media for the formation of ZnO and reduce Ag{sup +} to Ag{sup 0}. A series of the characterizations indicated the successful combination of Ag NPs with ZnO microspheres. It was shown that Ag modification could greatly enhance the photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO microspheres by taking the photodegradation of Rhodamine B as a model reaction. With appropriate ratio of Ag and ZnO, Ag/ZnO microspheres showed the better photocatalytic performance than commercial Degussa P-25 TiO{sub 2}. Photoluminescence and surface photovoltage spectra demonstrated that Ag modification could effectively inhibit the recombination of the photoinduced electron and holes of ZnO. This is responsible for the higher photocatalytic activity of Ag/ZnO composites. -- Graphical abstract: A 'one-pot' strategy was developed for preparing the Ag/ZnO microspheres in ethylene glycol. The composites exhibited superior photocatalytic performance for photodegradation of Rhodamine B dye in water. Display Omitted

  11. One-pot synthesis of optically enriched 2-piperidinones from aliphatic aldehydes and cyanoacrylamides.

    PubMed

    He, Ying; Kang, Tai-Ran; Liu, Quan-Zhong; Chen, Lian-Mei; Tu, Yi-Lian; Liu, Ya-Jun; Chen, Tang-Bin; Wang, Zhi-Qiang; Liu, Jie; Xie, Yong-Mei; Yang, Jin-Liang; He, Long

    2013-08-16

    A highly stereoselective one-pot reaction of aliphatic aldehydes and cyanoacrylamides has been developed. The one-pot reaction includes an organocatalytic Michael addition followed by an intramolecular hemiaminalization. After reduction, optically enriched 2-piperidinones with three contiguous chiral centers were obtained in up to 95% yield and 9:1 dr with 99% ee.

  12. Bifunctional Mesoporous Carbon Nitride: Highly Efficient Enzyme-like Catalyst for One-pot Deacetalization-Knoevenagel Reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhong, Lin; Anand, Chokkalingam; Lakhi, Kripal Singh; Lawrence, Geoffrey; Vinu, Ajayan

    2015-08-01

    Recently, mesoporous carbon nitride (MCN) has aroused extensive interest for its potential applications in organocatalysis, photo- and electrochemistry and CO2 capture. However, further surface functionalization of MCN for advanced nanomaterials and catalysis still remains very challenging. Here we show that acidic carboxyl groups can be smoothly introduced onto the surface of well-ordered MCN without annihilation between the introduced acid groups and MCN’s inherent basic groups through a facile UV light oxidation method. The functionalization generates a novel bifunctional nanocatalyst which offers an enzyme-like catalytic performance in the one-pot deacetalization-Knoevenagel reaction of benzaldehyde dimethylacetal and malononitrile with 100% conversion and more than 99% selectivity due to the cooperative catalysis between the acid and base groups separated on the surface of the catalyst. The results provide a general method to create multifunctional nanomaterials and open new opportunities for the development of high efficient catalyst for green organic synthesis.

  13. Bifunctional Mesoporous Carbon Nitride: Highly Efficient Enzyme-like Catalyst for One-pot Deacetalization-Knoevenagel Reaction.

    PubMed

    Zhong, Lin; Anand, Chokkalingam; Lakhi, Kripal Singh; Lawrence, Geoffrey; Vinu, Ajayan

    2015-08-05

    Recently, mesoporous carbon nitride (MCN) has aroused extensive interest for its potential applications in organocatalysis, photo- and electrochemistry and CO2 capture. However, further surface functionalization of MCN for advanced nanomaterials and catalysis still remains very challenging. Here we show that acidic carboxyl groups can be smoothly introduced onto the surface of well-ordered MCN without annihilation between the introduced acid groups and MCN's inherent basic groups through a facile UV light oxidation method. The functionalization generates a novel bifunctional nanocatalyst which offers an enzyme-like catalytic performance in the one-pot deacetalization-Knoevenagel reaction of benzaldehyde dimethylacetal and malononitrile with 100% conversion and more than 99% selectivity due to the cooperative catalysis between the acid and base groups separated on the surface of the catalyst. The results provide a general method to create multifunctional nanomaterials and open new opportunities for the development of high efficient catalyst for green organic synthesis.

  14. One-pot synthesis of water soluble iron nanoparticles using rationally-designed peptides and ligand release.

    PubMed

    Papst, Stefanie; Cheong, Soshan; Banholzer, Moritz J; Brimble, Margaret A; Williams, David E; Tilley, Richard D

    2013-05-18

    Herein we report the rational design of new phosphopeptides for control of nucleation, growth and aggregation of water-soluble, superparamagnetic iron-iron oxide core-shell nanoparticles. The use of the designed peptides enables a one-pot synthesis that avoids utilizing unstable or toxic iron precursors, organic solvents, and the need for exchange of capping agent after synthesis of the NPs.

  15. One-Pot synthesis of phosphorylated mesoporous carbon heterogeneous catalysts with tailored surface acidity

    SciTech Connect

    Fulvio, Pasquale F; Mahurin, Shannon Mark; Mayes, Richard T; Bauer, Christopher; Wang, Xiqing; Veith, Gabriel M; Dai, Sheng

    2012-01-01

    Soft-templated phosphorylated mesoporous carbons with homogeneous distributions of phosphate groups were prepared by a 'one-pot' synthesis method using mixtures of phosphoric acid with hydrochloric, or nitric acids in the presence of Pluronic F127 triblock copolymer. Adjusting the various ratios of phosphoric acid used in these mixtures resulted in carbons with distinct adsorption, structural and surface acidity properties. The pore size distributions (PSDs) from nitrogen adsorption at -196 C showed that mesoporous carbons exhibit specific surface areas as high as 551 m{sup 2}/g and mesopores as large as 13 nm. Both structural ordering of the mesopores and the final phosphate contents were strongly dependent on the ratios of H{sub 3}PO{sub 4} in the synthesis gels, as shown by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron (XPS) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The number of surface acid sites determined from temperature programmed desorption of ammonia (NH{sub 3}-TPD) were in the range of 0.3-1.5 mmol/g while the active surface areas are estimated to comprise 5-54% of the total surface areas. Finally, the conversion temperatures for the isopropanol dehydration were lowered by as much as 100 C by transitioning from the least acidic to the most acidic catalysts surface.

  16. One-pot synthesis of silanol-free nanosized MFI zeolite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grand, Julien; Talapaneni, Siddulu Naidu; Vicente, Aurélie; Fernandez, Christian; Dib, Eddy; Aleksandrov, Hristiyan A.; Vayssilov, Georgi N.; Retoux, Richard; Boullay, Philippe; Gilson, Jean-Pierre; Valtchev, Valentin; Mintova, Svetlana

    2017-10-01

    The synthesis of nanostructured zeolites enables modification of catalytically relevant properties such as effective surface area and diffusion path length. Nanostructured zeolites may be synthesized either in alkaline media, and so contain significant numbers of hydrophilic silanol groups, or in expensive and harmful fluoride-containing media. Here, we report and characterize, using a combination of experimental and theoretical techniques, the one-pot synthesis of silanol-free nanosized MFI-type zeolites by introducing atomically dispersed tungsten; this prevents silanol group occurrence by forming flexible W-O-Si bridges. These W-O-Si bonds are more stable than Si-O-Si in the all-silica MFI zeolite. Tungsten incorporation in nanosized MFI crystals also modifies other properties such as structural features, hydrophobicity and Lewis acidity. The effect of these is illustrated on the catalytic epoxidation of styrene and separation of CO2 and NO2. Silanol-free nanosized W-MFI zeolites open new perspectives for catalytic and separation applications.

  17. Polyacrylamide-metal nanocomposites: one-pot synthesis, antibacterial properties, and thermal stability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Cuiyan; Cai, Yanling; Zhu, Yihua; Ma, Mingguo; Zheng, Wei; Zhu, Jiefang

    2013-09-01

    The incorporation of inorganic nanoparticles into polymers is a hot research spot, since it endows the nanocomposites with new or improved properties by exploiting synergistic effects. Here we report a facile one-pot synthesis of polyacrylamide (PAM)-metal (M = Au, Ag, or Pd) nanocomposites in ethylene glycol (EG). The simultaneous polymerization of the acylamide (AM) monomer and formation of metal nanoparticles lead to a homogeneous distribution of metal nanoparticles in the PAM matrix. The sizes of Au, Ag, and Pd nanoparticles are 55.50 ± 10.6, 14.15 ± 2.57, and 7.74 ± 1.82 nm, respectively. The reaction system only includes EG, AM monomer, and corresponding metal salt. EG acts as both the solvent and the reducing reagent. Also, no initiator for AM polymerization and no surfactant for stabilization of metal nanoparticles are used. Furthermore, this simple synthetic route does not rely on any special or expensive equipment, thus can be exploited to the synthesis of similar polymer-inorganic nanocomposites. Compared to PAM, the PAM-metal nanocomposites showed enhanced thermal stability and antibacterial properties.

  18. Nano-ZnO Catalyzed Multicomponent One-Pot Synthesis of Novel Spiro(indoline-pyranodioxine) Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Sachdeva, Harshita; Saroj, Rekha; Dwivedi, Diksha

    2014-01-01

    A simple catalytic protocol for the synthesis of novel spiro[indoline-pyranodioxine] derivatives has been developed using ZnO nanoparticle as an efficient, green, and reusable catalyst. The derivatives are obtained in moderate to excellent yield by one-pot three-component reaction of an isatin, malononitrile/ethylcyanoacetate, and 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione in absolute ethanol under conventional heating and microwave irradiation. The catalyst was recovered by filtration from the reaction mixture and reused during five consecutive runs without any apparent loss of activity for the same reaction. The mild reaction conditions and recyclability of the catalyst make it environmentally benign synthetic procedure. PMID:24683341

  19. Highly regioselective synthesis of amino-functionalized dendritic polyglycerols by a one-pot hydroformylation/reductive amination sequence.

    PubMed

    Koç, Fikret; Wyszogrodzka, Monika; Eilbracht, Peter; Haag, Rainer

    2005-03-18

    [reaction: see text] Dendritic architectures with neutral core structures and amines groups in the shell are a synthetic challenge, and there is a need for an efficient access. In this paper, highly selective Rh-catalysts are used for sequential hydroformylation/reductive amination of dendritic perallylated polyglycerols 1 with various amines in a one-pot procedure to give dendritic polyamines 3a-e in high yields (73-99%). In all cases, complete conversion of the allyl ether and aldehyde intermediate has been observed. Furthermore, the use of protected amines provides reactive core-shell-type architectures after deprotection. These soluble but membrane filterable multifunctional dendritic polyamines are of high interest as reagents in synthesis or as supports in homogeneous catalysis as well as nonviral vectors for DNA-transfection.

  20. A high-efficiency strategy for synthesizing cyclic polymers of methacryates in one pot.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Xing; Zhou, Nianchen; Zhu, Jian; Zhang, Zhengbiao; Zhang, Wei; Cheng, Zhenping; Tu, Yingfeng; Zhu, Xiulin

    2013-06-25

    An unprecedented strategy for the high-efficiency preparation of the cyclic polymers is developed. In this strategy, the atom transfer radical polymerization, the substitution of chain-end halide by azide group and Cu-catalyzed alkyne-azide cyclization, i.e., the frequently used three separated steps for the preparation of cyclic polymers, are integrated into a one-pot reaction by the introduction of a "regulator". The kernel of this novel strategy is the utilization of the different rates between the competitive ATRP propagation and SN 2 substitution of a tertiary-carbon halogen and secondary-carbon halogen. 0.55 g (yield = 59%) cyclic poly(methyl methacrylate) is obtained from 3.0 mL reaction solution. This work proposed a high-efficiency and bright promising strategy for the preparation of cyclic polymer, which would evoke more research interests on cyclic polymer. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. Efficient production of biodiesel from waste grease: one-pot esterification and transesterification with tandem lipases.

    PubMed

    Yan, Jinyong; Li, Aitao; Xu, Yi; Ngo, Thao P N; Phua, Szechao; Li, Zhi

    2012-11-01

    A novel concept and efficient method for producing biodiesel (FAME) from grease (15-40wt% free fatty acid, FFA) were developed by using tandem lipases for one-pot esterification of FFA and transesterification of triglyceride with methanol in a solvent-free system. Combining immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) (Novozyme 435) favoring the esterification and immobilized Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase (TLL) (Lipozyme TLIM) preferring the transesterification at 2:8 (wt/wt) gave FAME in 80% yield, being better than that with Novozyme 435 or Lipozyme TLIM. Recombinant Escherichia coli (Calb/Tll) co-expressing CALB and TLL was engineered as a more efficient tandem-lipases system. Using wet or dry cells (4wt%) gave FAME in 87% or 95% yield, which is much better than that with E. coli cells expressing either CALB or TLL alone. Cells of E. coli (Calb/Tll) were recycled for five times and retained 75% productivity, thus being practical for producing biodiesel from grease. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Photothermal cancer therapy using graphitic carbon–coated magnetic particles prepared by one-pot synthesis

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Hyo-Jeong; Sanetuntikul, Jakkid; Choi, Eun-Sook; Lee, Bo Ram; Kim, Jung-Hee; Kim, Eunjoo; Shanmugam, Sangaraju

    2015-01-01

    We describe here a simple synthetic strategy for the fabrication of carbon-coated Fe3O4 (Fe3O4@C) particles using a single-component precursor, iron (III) diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid complex. Physicochemical analyses revealed that the core of the synthesized particles consists of ferromagnetic Fe3O4 material ranging several hundred nanometers, embedded in nitrogen-doped graphitic carbon with a thickness of ~120 nm. Because of their photothermal activity (absorption of near-infrared [NIR] light), the Fe3O4@C particles have been investigated for photothermal therapeutic applications. An example of one such application would be the use of Fe3O4@C particles in human adenocarcinoma A549 cells by means of NIR-triggered cell death. In this system, the Fe3O4@C can rapidly generate heat, causing >98% cell death within 10 minutes under 808 nm NIR laser irradiation (2.3 W cm−2). These Fe3O4@C particles provided a superior photothermal therapeutic effect by intratumoral delivery and NIR irradiation of tumor xenografts. These results demonstrate that one-pot synthesis of carbon-coated magnetic particles could provide promising materials for future clinical applications and encourage further investigation of this simple method. PMID:25565819

  3. One-pot synthesis of bioactive cyclopentenones from α-linolenic acid and docosahexaenoic acid.

    PubMed

    Maynard, Daniel; Müller, Sara Mareike; Hahmeier, Monika; Löwe, Jana; Feussner, Ivo; Gröger, Harald; Viehhauser, Andrea; Dietz, Karl-Josef

    2017-08-01

    Oxidation products of the poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) arachidonic acid, α-linolenic acid and docosahexaenoic acid are bioactive in plants and animals as shown for the cyclopentenones prostaglandin 15d-PGJ2 and PGA2, cis-(+)-12-oxophytodienoic acid (12-OPDA), and 14-A-4 neuroprostane. In this study an inexpensive and simple enzymatic multi-step one-pot synthesis is presented for 12-OPDA, which is derived from α-linolenic acid, and the analogous docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-derived cyclopentenone [(4Z,7Z,10Z)-12-[[-(1S,5S)-4-oxo-5-(2Z)-pent-2-en-1yl]-cyclopent-2-en-1yl] dodeca-4,7,10-trienoic acid, OCPD]. The three enzymes utilized in this multi-step cascade were crude soybean lipoxygenase or a recombinant lipoxygenase, allene oxide synthase and allene oxide cyclase from Arabidopsis thaliana. The DHA-derived 12-OPDA analog OCPD is predicted to have medicinal potential and signaling properties in planta. With OCPD in hand, it is shown that this compound interacts with chloroplast cyclophilin 20-3 and can be metabolized by 12-oxophytodienoic acid reductase (OPR3) which is an enzyme relevant for substrate bioactivity modulation in planta. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. One-pot synthesis and transfer of PMMA/Ag photonic nanocomposites by pulsed laser deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karoutsos, V.; Koutselas, I.; Orfanou, P.; Mpatzaka, Th.; Vasileiadis, M.; Vassilakopoulou, A.; Vainos, N. A.; Perrone, A.

    2015-08-01

    Nanocomposite films comprising metallic nanoparticles in polymer matrices find increasing use in emerging photonic, electronic and microsystem applications owing to their tailored advanced functionalities. The versatile development of such films based on poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA) matrix having embedded Ag nanoparticles is addressed here. Two low-cost one-pot chemical methods for the synthesis of bulk target nanocomposite materials are demonstrated. These nanocomposites are subsequently transferred via pulsed laser deposition using 193 nm ArF excimer laser radiation, producing films maintaining the structural and functional properties. Both target- and laser-deposited materials have been thoroughly characterized using microscopic, spectroscopic and thermal analysis methods. Infrared spectra demonstrated the close molecular PMMA chain similarity for both target and film materials, though structural alterations identified by thermal analysis proved the enhanced characteristics of films grown. High-resolution electron microscopy proved the transfer of Ag nanoparticles sized 10-50 nm. Visible absorption peaked in the spectral range of 430-440 nm and attributed to the Ag nanocomposite plasmonic response verifying the transfer of the functional performance from target to film.

  5. Rapid and Efficient One-Pot Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydroquinoxalin-2-Amine Derivatives Catalyzed by Co3O4@SiO2 Core-Shell Nanoparticles Under Ultrasound Irradiation.

    PubMed

    Ghasemzadeh, Mohammad Ali; Mirhosseini-Eshkevari, Boshra; Abdollahi-Basir, Mohammad Hossein

    2016-01-01

    In this research, a general synthetic method for the synthesis of 3,4- dihydroquinoxalin-2-amine derivatives was developed using Co3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles under ultrasonic irradiation. Firstly by a simple and green process, Co3O4;@SiO2 nanoparticles were prepared via sonication, and then these nanoparticles were used as an efficient catalyst for the synthesis of 3,4- dihydroquinoxalin-2-amines via three-component reactions of ophenylenediamines (OPDA), diverse ketones and various isocyanides in ethanol under ultrasound irradiation. The combinatorial synthesis was attained for this procedure with applying ultrasound irradiation while making use of ethanol as green ambient. The present approach offers several advantages such as high yields, environmentally benign, simple work-up, excellent yield of products and short reaction times. The nanomagnetic catalyst could be readily recovered using a simple external magnet and reused several times without any significant loss in activity. The catalyst was fully characterized by FT-IR, FE-SEM, XRD, EDX, VSM and TEM analysis.

  6. Synthesis of polyhydroxylated piperidine and pyrrolidine peptidomimetics via one-pot sequential lactam reduction/Joullié-Ugi reaction.

    PubMed

    Szcześniak, Piotr; Maziarz, Elżbieta; Stecko, Sebastian; Furman, Bartłomiej

    2015-04-03

    A direct approach to the synthesis of polyhydroxylated piperidine and pyrrolidine peptidomimetics is described. The presented strategy is based on one-pot reduction of sugar-derived lactams with Schwartz's reagent followed by a multicomponent Ugi-Joullié reaction.

  7. A facile one-pot synthesis of ruthenium hydroxide nanoparticles on magnetic silica: Aqueous hydration of nitriles to amides

    EPA Science Inventory

    One-pot synthesis of ruthenium hydroxide nanoparticles on magnetic silica is described which involve the in situ generation of magnetic silica (Fe3O4@ SiO2) and ruthenium hydroxide immobilization; the hydration of nitriles occurs in high yield and excellent selectivity using this...

  8. One-pot synthesis of substituted di-hydrofurans from Lewis base-catalyzed three-component condensation.

    PubMed

    Zhong, Cheng; Liao, Tao; Tuguldur, Odbadrakh; Shi, Xiaodong

    2010-05-07

    A one-pot synthesis of substituted dihydrofurans was developed through a Lewis base-catalyzed three-component cascade condensation between nitroalkenes, aldehydes, and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. The desired cyclization products were prepared with a large substrate scope (22 examples) and excellent diastereoselectivity (only trans isomers) in good to excellent yields (up to 95%).

  9. A facile one-pot synthesis of ruthenium hydroxide nanoparticles on magnetic silica: Aqueous hydration of nitriles to amides

    EPA Science Inventory

    One-pot synthesis of ruthenium hydroxide nanoparticles on magnetic silica is described which involve the in situ generation of magnetic silica (Fe3O4@ SiO2) and ruthenium hydroxide immobilization; the hydration of nitriles occurs in high yield and excellent selectivity using this...

  10. Stereo- and regio-selective one-pot synthesis of triazole-based unnatural amino acids and β- amino triazoles

    EPA Science Inventory

    Synthesis of triazole based unnatural amino acids and β-amino triazole has been described via stereo and regioselective one-pot multi-component reaction of sulfamidates, sodium azide, and alkynes under MW conditions. The developed method is applicable to a broad substrate scope a...

  11. Dynamically controlled one-pot synthesis of heterogeneous core-shell MOF single crystals using guest molecules.

    PubMed

    Wang, Lei; Yang, Weiting; Li, Yangxue; Xie, Zhigang; Zhu, Wei; Sun, Zhong-Ming

    2014-10-11

    A new mixed guest approach for the synthesis of heterogeneous core-shell MOF crystals was exemplified by one-pot assembly of photoactive guests into an anionic host framework. The formation mechanism, photophysical properties and oxygen gas sensing properties of as-synthesized core-shell MOF crystals were also investigated.

  12. One-pot synthesis of antiviral acyclovir and other nucleosides derivatives using doped natural phosphate as lewis acid catalyst.

    PubMed

    Lazrek, Hassan B; Baddi, Laila; Smietana, Michael; Vasseur, Jean-Jacques; Sebti, Said; Zahouily, Mohamed

    2008-10-01

    Natural phosphate doped with iodine or potassium iodide is an active catalyst for the one-pot synthesis of acyclonucleosides. To demonstrate the utility of the new catalyst system, the highly important antiviral drug acyclovir was directly and regioselectively obtained from NAcG with no byproducts.

  13. Stereo- and regio-selective one-pot synthesis of triazole-based unnatural amino acids and β- amino triazoles

    EPA Science Inventory

    Synthesis of triazole based unnatural amino acids and β-amino triazole has been described via stereo and regioselective one-pot multi-component reaction of sulfamidates, sodium azide, and alkynes under MW conditions. The developed method is applicable to a broad substrate scope a...

  14. One-pot synthesis of ZnO nanowires and belts through orientation attachment mechanism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hossain, Mohammad Kamal

    2017-01-01

    Zinc oxide (ZnO) is one of the promising materials for optoelectronics and advanced electronics-based device fabrication. Nanostructured features include further flavor to the applications as well due to inherent and unprecedented properties. With this view, a sol-gel route for the synthesis of nanostructured ZnO, such as nanoparticles, nanowires and nanobelts subsequently obtained in one-pot has been reported. The process includes synthesis of monodispersed nanoparticles that can find potential applications as gas sensing layers and transparent conducting layers. Hexagonal wurtzite crystal structure with cell constants, a = 3.2427 Ǻ and c = 5.1948 Ǻ was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Strong preferential growth along {101} plane indicated the growth of ZnO crystallites along c-axis. Vibrational band for Zn-O stretching and deformation modes was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared absorption spectroscopy. A reasonably well-coverage of ZnO nanoparticles, ca. 1 × 107 nanoparticles/cm2 along with size distribution of (13.5 ± 9.0) nm diameter, was obtained by topographic observation of scanning electron microscopy. A series of scanning electron micrographs revealed that as-synthesized nanoparticles were further processed to obtain nanometric wires and belts under controlled conditions. The nanowires were formed from anisotropic agglomeration of nanometric particles, and the belts were formed by agglomeration of these nanometric wires into bundles. A close observation indicated that ZnO nanowires of diameter 40-50 nm were consisted of one to three constituent colloids. Control of these selective agglomeration processes is a key challenge for application of nanowires and belts into useful devices.

  15. One-Pot Halogen Dance/Negishi Coupling of Dibromothiophenes for Regiocontrolled Synthesis of Multiply Arylated Thiophenes.

    PubMed

    Okano, Kentaro; Sunahara, Kazuhiro; Yamane, Yoshiki; Hayashi, Yuki; Mori, Atsunori

    2016-11-07

    One-pot halogen dance/Negishi cross-coupling of readily available 2,5-dibromothiophenes is described. A lithium diisopropylamide (LDA)-mediated halogen dance reaction resulted in the formation of thermodynamically stable α-lithiodibromothiophenes, which were transmetalated with ZnCl2 and subjected to Negishi cross-coupling to provide the corresponding arylated dibromothiophenes in one pot. The resultant β-bromo group was much less reactive than the remaining α-bromo group, which was used in a one-pot double Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling, enabling facile synthesis of multiply arylated thiophenes. © 2016 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  16. A mild, three-component one-pot synthesis of 2,4,5-trisubstituted imidazoles using Mo(IV) salen complex in homogeneous catalytic system and Mo(IV) salen complex nanoparticles onto silica as a highly active, efficient, and reusable heterogeneous nanocatalyst.

    PubMed

    Sharghi, Hashem; Aberi, Mahdi; Doroodmand, Mohammad Mahdi

    2015-02-01

    Mo(IV) salen complex (2.5 mol%) was found to be a highly efficient catalyst for the one-pot synthesis of 2,4,5-triarylimidazoles via a three-component reaction using benzil or benzoin, aryl aldehydes, and ammonium acetate as a nitrogen source under mild conditions. In order to recover and the reuse of the catalyst, a new Mo(IV) salen-silica nanoparticle as heterogeneous catalyst was prepared by simple and successful immobilization of the catalyst onto silica (3-aminopropyl functionalized silica gel). This procedure can be applied to large-scale conditions with high efficiency. Experimental evidence showed that the catalyst is stable and can be easily recovered and reused for at least five times without significant loss of activity. The nanocatalyst was characterized using FT-IR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction , transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric instrument for analysis of nitrogen adsorption, and inductively coupled plasma spectrometer.

  17. TiO2 Hollow Spheres: One-Pot Synthesis and Enhanced Photocatalysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Changchao; Cao, Yongqiang; Yang, Ping

    2013-04-01

    Hollow TiO2 microspheres were successfully fabricated by metal salts with low solubility in ethanol acting as intelligent templates using a simple one-pot solvothermal method. Hollow spheres with large diameter were obtained using CuSO4ṡ5H2O as templates while small ones were obtained using Sr(NO3)2 as templates. It is found that titanium precursor plays an important role for the morphology of samples. Solid TiO2 microspheres were prepared by using titanium tetrabutoxide (TBT). In contrast, bowl-like hollow microspheres were obtained by using titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4). Furthermore, the amount of H2O can stimulate the hydrolysis rate of TiCl4 to form solid spheres. Compared with solid microspheres, hollow TiO2 microspheres depending on their interior cavity structure exhibited enhanced photocatalysis efficiency for the UV-light photodegradation of methyl orange. Quantificationally, the apparent photocatalytic degradation pseudo-first-rate constant of the hollow microspheres is 1.25 times of that of the solid ones.

  18. One-Pot Synthesis of Penta-twinned Palladium Nanowires and Their Enhanced Electrocatalytic Properties.

    PubMed

    Huang, Hongwen; Ruditskiy, Aleksey; Choi, Sang-Il; Zhang, Lei; Liu, Jingyue; Ye, Zhizhen; Xia, Younan

    2017-09-13

    This article reports the design and successful implementation of a one-pot, polyol method for the synthesis of penta-twinned Pd nanowires with diameters below 8 nm and aspect ratios up to 100. The key to the success of this protocol is the controlled reduction of Na2PdCl4 by diethylene glycol and ascorbic acid through the introduction of NaI and HCl. The I(-) and H(+) ions can slow the reduction kinetics by forming PdI4(2-) and inhibiting the dissociation of ascorbic acid, respectively. When the initial reduction rate is tuned into the proper regime, Pd decahedral seeds with a penta-twinned structure appear during nucleation. In the presence of I(-) ions as a selective capping agent toward the Pd(100) surface, the decahedral seeds can be directed to grow axially into penta-twinned nanorods and then nanowires. The Pd nanowires are found to evolve into multiply twinned particles if the reaction time is extended beyond 1.5 h, owing to the involvement of oxidative etching. When supported on carbon, the Pd nanowires show greatly enhanced specific electrocatalytic activities, more than five times the value for commercial Pd/C toward formic acid oxidation and three times the value for Pt/C toward oxygen reduction under an alkaline condition. In addition, the carbon-supported Pd nanowires exhibit greatly enhanced electrocatalytic durability toward both reactions. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the Pd nanowires can serve as sacrificial templates for the conformal deposition of Pt atoms to generate Pd@Pt core-sheath nanowires and then Pd-Pt nanotubes with a well-defined surface structure.

  19. One-pot approach for synthesis of N-doped TiO2/ZnFe2O4 hybrid as an efficient photocatalyst for degradation of aqueous organic pollutants.

    PubMed

    Yao, Yunjin; Qin, Jiacheng; Chen, Hao; Wei, Fengyu; Liu, Xueting; Wang, Jianlong; Wang, Shaobin

    2015-06-30

    N-doped TiO2/ZnFe2O4 catalysts were successfully prepared by coupling nitrogen modified TiO2 with ZnFe2O4 via a one-pot vapor-thermal method. The physicochemical properties of the as-prepared catalysts have been characterized using various spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. The UV-vis-light-driven photocatalytic activities of the hybrids were evaluated and the effects of the amount of photocatalyst, different types of dyes, catalyst stability on photodegradation of organic dyes were investigated. Moreover, degradation kinetics and mechanism as well as the roles of N doping, ZnFe2O4 and TiO2 have been analyzed. It was revealed that N-doped TiO2/ZnFe2O4 exhibited an improved performance compared with TiO2/ZnFe2O4 or ZnFe2O4 because of the formation of a heterostructure at the interface as well as the introduction of N species. Active species such as holes, electrons, hydroxyl radicals, and superoxide radicals involved in the photodegradation process were detected by using different types of scavengers. Because of ZnFe2O4 in the hybrid, the catalyst shows ferromagnetism, and thus, the hybrid catalyst is easily isolated from the reaction mixture after the photocatalytic experiments. This work not only offers a simple method for the fabrication of N doped TiO2/ZnFe2O4 hybrids, but also provides an effective and conveniently recyclable photocatalyst for the purification of water.

  20. One-Pot Synthesis of MoS2 Nanoflakes with Desirable Degradability for Photothermal Cancer Therapy.

    PubMed

    Chen, Liang; Feng, Yihan; Zhou, Xiaojun; Zhang, Qianqian; Nie, Wei; Wang, Weizhong; Zhang, Yanzhong; He, Chuanglong

    2017-05-24

    Developing biodegradable photothermal agent holds great significance for potential clinical translation of photothermal therapy. In the current study, one-pot hydrothermal synthesis of MoS2 nanoflakes with desirable degradation capability was presented. The participation of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) in hydrothermal process could not only facilitate the modification of polyethylene glycol (PEG), but also bestow degradability to the prepared MoS2 nanoflakes. Moreover, the PEGylated hybrid nanoflakes (MoS2-PPEG) also exhibited excellent stability in various medium and outstanding photothermal properties. Interestingly, MoS2-PPEG behaved distinctly different degradation rate in diverse condition. The rapid degradation of MoS2-PPEG was observed in neutral pH solution, whereas much slower degradation occurred in an acidic tumor microenvironment. Furthermore, data indicated that the major degradation product of MoS2-PPEG was water-soluble Mo-based ion. Meanwhile, the good in vitro biocompatibility of MoS2-PPEG was also confirmed in terms of cytotoxicity and hemolysis. With favorable photothermal performance, MoS2-PPEG can efficiently killing cancer cells in vitro and suppress the tumor growth in vivo. More importantly, the gradual decreasing content of MoS2-PPEG in organs and detectable Mo element in urine of mice suggested that the degradability of MoS2-PPEG might facilitate its excretion to some degree. Hence, the degradable MoS2 nanoflakes prepared by one-pot hydrothermal routine may provide insight for further biomedical applications of inorganic photothermal agent.

  1. Ultrasound-assisted one-pot, three-component synthesis of 1H-pyrazolo[1,2-b]phthalazine-5,10-diones.

    PubMed

    Nabid, Mohammad Reza; Rezaei, Seyed Jamal Tabatabaei; Ghahremanzadeh, Ramin; Bazgir, Ayoob

    2010-01-01

    Triethylamine was found to be an efficient catalyst for the synthesis of 1H-pyrazolo[1,2-b]phthalazine-5,10-diones by one-pot reaction of phthalhydrazide, aromatic aldehydes, and malononitrile or ethyl cyanoacetate in ethanol under ultrasonic irradiation. The advantages of this method are the use of an inexpensive and readily available catalyst, easy workup, improved yields, and the use of ethanol as a solvent that is considered to be relatively environmentally benign.

  2. One-pot stereoselective synthesis of α,β-differentiated diamino esters via the sequence of aminochlorination, aziridination and intermolecular SN2 reaction.

    PubMed

    Xiong, Yiwen; Qian, Ping; Cao, Chenhui; Mei, Haibo; Han, Jianlin; Li, Guigen; Pan, Yi

    2014-01-01

    We report here an efficient one-pot method for the synthesis of α,β-differentiated diamino esters directly from cinnamate esters using N,N-dichloro-p-toluenesulfonamide and benzylamine as nitrogen sources. The key transformations include a Cu-catalyzed aminohalogenation and aziridination, followed by an intermolecular SN2 nucleophilic ring opening by benzylamine. The reactions feature a wide scope of substrates and proceed with excellent stereo- and regioselectivity (anti:syn >99:1) .

  3. One-pot synthesis of 2-amino-4(3H)-quinazolinones via ring-opening of isatoic anhydride and palladium-catalyzed oxidative isocyanide-insertion.

    PubMed

    Ji, Fei; Lv, Mei-Fang; Yi, Wen-Bin; Cai, Chun

    2014-08-14

    An efficient and practical two-step process has been developed for the synthesis of 2-amino-4(3H)-quinazolinones via ring-opening of isatoic anhydride and palladium-catalyzed oxidative isocyanide-insertion in one pot. This regioselective procedure could construct a wide range of 2-amino-4(3H)-quinazolinones in moderate to excellent yields. Furthermore, the methodology also had distinct advantages of easily accessible starting materials and operational simplicity.

  4. Enantio- and diastereoselective synthesis of piperidines by coupling of four components in a "one-pot" sequence involving diphenylprolinol silyl ether mediated Michael reaction.

    PubMed

    Urushima, Tatsuya; Sakamoto, Daisuke; Ishikawa, Hayato; Hayashi, Yujiro

    2010-10-15

    An efficient, asymmetric, four-component, one-pot synthesis of highly substituted piperidines with excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivity was established through the diphenylprolinol silyl ether mediated Michael reaction of aldehyde and nitroalkene, followed by the domino aza-Henry reaction/hemiaminalization reaction and a Lewis acid mediated allylation or cyanation reaction. All carbons of the piperidine ring are substituted with different groups, and its five contiguous stereocenters are completely controlled in both relative and absolute senses.

  5. One-pot synthesis of nitrogen and sulfur co-doped onion-like mesoporous carbon vesicle as an efficient metal-free catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Ce; Bo, Xiangjie; Zhang, Yufan; Li, Mian; Guo, Liping

    2014-12-01

    Nitrogen and sulfur co-doped onion-like mesoporous carbon vesicle (NS-MCV) with multilayer lamellar structure is synthesized as a metal-free catalyst through a convenient and economical procedure. The synthesized materials are systematically characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman spectra, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The characterization results demonstrate that N and S atoms can be successfully doped into the framework of MCV with little impact on the morphology and structure. The NS-MCV manifests a remarkably high electrocatalytic activity as a metal-free electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) with mainly a four-electron transfer pathway. Moreover, in contrast to the commercially available Pt/C catalyst, the NS-MCV shows much better long-term stability and tolerance toward methanol crossover in an alkaline medium. Such excellent performances can be mainly attributed to the synergistic effect arising from the addition of N and S heteroatom, optimized S content and high surface area. The NS-MCV with a simple synthesis method may further exploited as potentially efficient and inexpensive metal-free ORR catalyst materials.

  6. One-pot synthesis of responsive catalytic Au@PVP hybrid nanogels.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Chuanfu; Chen, Shoumin; Zhang, Laiying; Zhou, Shuiqin; Wu, Weitai

    2012-12-14

    Responsive catalytic hybrid nanogels with Au nanoparticle cores and a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) based gel shell are prepared through a novel one-pot approach. The embedded Au nanoparticles demonstrate both a pH-modulated catalytic activity and anti-aggregation properties upon recycling.

  7. One-Pot Synthesis of 7-Hydroxy-3-Carboxycoumarin in Water

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fringuelli, Francesco; Piermatti, Oriana; Pizzo, Ferdinando

    2004-01-01

    The preparation of 7-hydroxy-3-carboxycoumarin starting from 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, and malonitrile, by one-pot consecutive reactions, carried out in water under heterogenous conditions is presented. The experiment encourages students to think in terms of reaction mechanisms.

  8. One pot synthesis of cyclohexanone oxime from nitrobenzene using a bifunctional catalyst.

    PubMed

    Rubio-Marqués, Paula; Hernández-Garrido, Juan Carlos; Leyva-Pérez, Antonio; Corma, Avelino

    2014-02-18

    Cyclohexanone oxime is formed from nitrobenzene with 97% yield in a one-pot reaction catalysed by palladium and gold nanoparticles on carbon. The reaction is carried out under hydrogen at 60 °C and the overall transformation involves a multi-step catalysed mechanism from which intermediates and catalytically active species have been identified.

  9. Praseodymium methanesulfonate catalyzed one-pot synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-ones.

    PubMed

    Wang, Min; Song, Zhiguo; Gong, Hong; Jiang, Heng

    2008-01-01

    A series of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-ones compounds was synthesized efficiently by a one-pot cyclocondensation of an aldehyde, 1,3-dicarbonyl compound, and urea in absolute ethanol under refluxing temperature using praseodymium methanesulfonate as catalyst. After the reaction, the catalyst can be easily recovered and reused several times without distinct decrease in reaction yields.

  10. One-pot synthesis of quinazoline derivatives via [2+2+2] cascade annulation of diaryliodonium salts and two nitriles.

    PubMed

    Su, Xiang; Chen, Chao; Wang, Yong; Chen, Junjie; Lou, Zhenbang; Li, Ming

    2013-08-04

    An efficient one-pot approach to multiple substituted quinazolines with diaryliodonium salt , and two nitriles has been presented. The reaction enables great flexibility of the substitution patterns on quinazolines and is applicable to two different nitriles to give a regio-selective product.

  11. One-pot, green synthesis of gold nanoparticles by gelatin and investigation of their biological effects on Osteoblast cells.

    PubMed

    Suarasan, Sorina; Focsan, Monica; Soritau, Olga; Maniu, Dana; Astilean, Simion

    2015-08-01

    It is useful to find new methods to synthesize and, more importantly, to control the size and shape of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) without using relatively toxic-reducing agents and surfactants. In this work, we present a one-pot, green synthesis of AuNPs taking the advantage of gelatin biopolymer to operate as unique reducing, growth controlling and stabilizing agent in aqueous solution of tetrachloroauric acid (HAuCl4) at temperatures above its melting point (∼35°C). The shape and size of AuNPs were found to be strongly influenced by the gelatin concentration (0.5-5%), while the growth rate of AuNPs is controlled by temperature of synthesis (40-80°C) and viscosity of the biopolymer. A specific class of gelatin-coated AuNPs was selected to investigate its stability in simulated physiological conditions and cellular media and subsequently to evaluate the in vitro biocompatibility and capacity to sustain proliferation and differentiation of Osteoblast cells. Dark-field microscopy and Rayleigh scattering spectra prove a more efficient internalization of gelatin-coated AuNPs as compared with citrate-coated AuNPs, while methylthiazoltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay demonstrates enhanced cell proliferation. Interestingly, in the presence of gelatin-coated AuNPs, we find out a first sign of Osteoblast cells differentiation with bone nodules formation, as confirmed by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. One-Pot Ketone Synthesis with Alkylzinc Halides Prepared from Alkyl Halides via a Single Electron Transfer (SET) Process: New Extension of Fukuyama Ketone Synthesis.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jung Hwa; Kishi, Yoshito

    2016-06-08

    One-pot ketone synthesis has been developed with in situ activation of alkyl halides to alkylzinc halides in the presence of thioesters and Pd-catalyst. The new method provides us with a reliable option for a coupling at a late stage in a convergent synthesis of complex molecules, with use of a near 1:1 molar ratio of coupling partners. First, two facile, orthogonal methods have been developed for preparation of alkylzinc halides: (1) direct insertion of zinc dust to 1°- and 2°-alkyl halides in the presence of LiI in DMI and (2) early transition-metal assisted activation of alkyl halides via a single electron transfer (SET) process. CrCl2 has been found as an unprecedented, inevitable mediator for preparation of alkylzinc halides from alkyl halides, where CrCl2 likely functions to trap R·, generated via a SET process, and transfer it to Zn(II) to form RZnX. In addition to a commonly used CoPc, a new radical initiator NbCpCl4 has been discovered through the study. Second, with use of the two orthogonal methods, three sets of coupling conditions have been developed to complete one-pot ketone synthesis, with Condition A (Pd2dba3, PR3, Zn, LiI, TESCl, DMI), Condition B (A + CrCl2), and Condition C (B + NbCpCl4 or CoPc) being useful for simple linear and α-substituted substrates, simple linear and β-substituted substrates, and complex substrates, respectively. Condition C is applicable to the broadest range of substrates. Overall, one-pot ketone synthesis gives excellent yields, with good functional group tolerance. Controlled formation of alkylzinc halides by a combination of CrCl2 and NbCpCl4 or CoPc is crucial for its application to complex substrates. Interestingly, one-pot ketone synthesis does not suffer from the chemical instability due to the inevitable radical pathway(s), for example a 1,5-H shift. Notably, even with the increase in molecular size, no significant decrease in coupling efficiency has been noticed. To illustrate the synthetic value at a late

  13. One-pot and efficient synthesis of triazolo[1,2-a]indazole-triones via reaction of arylaldehydes with urazole and dimedone catalyzed by silica nanoparticles prepared from rice husk.

    PubMed

    Hamidian, Hooshang; Fozooni, Samieh; Hassankhani, Asadollah; Mohammadi, Sayed Zia

    2011-10-26

    A novel synthesis of triazolo[1,2-a]indazole-1,3,8-trione derivatives by reaction of urazole, dimedone and aromatic aldehydes under conventional heating and microwave irradiation and solvent-free conditions using silica nanoparticles prepared from rice husk ash as catalyst is described. The new method features high yields, multicomponent reactions and environmental friendliness.

  14. Novel multicomponent one-pot synthesis of tetrahydro-1H-1,5-benzodiazepine-2-carboxamide derivatives.

    PubMed

    Shaabani, Ahmad; Maleki, Ali; Mofakham, Hamid

    2008-01-01

    A new approach to the design of multicomponent reactions is introduced. As a result, the novel one-pot synthesis of 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1 H-1,5-benzodiazepine-2-carboxamide derivatives using an aromatic diamine, a linear or cyclic ketone, an isocyanide, and water in the presence of a catalytic amount of p-toluenesulfonic acid at ambient temperature in high yields is described.

  15. One-pot synthesis of acyclic nucleosides from carbohydrate derivatives, by combination of tandem and sequential reactions.

    PubMed

    Boto, Alicia; Hernández, Dácil; Hernández, Rosendo; Alvarez, Eleuterio

    2007-12-07

    The design of processes which combine tandem and sequential reactions allows the transformation of readily available precursors into high-profit products. This strategy is illustrated by the one-pot synthesis of acyclic nucleosides, which are potential antiviral compounds, from readily available carbohydrates. The reaction conditions are mild, compatible with most functional groups. Depending on the starting sugar, both common and uncommon acyclic chains can be prepared. These polyhydroxylated chains can be combined with different bases to generate diversity.

  16. One-pot polyol synthesis of highly monodisperse short green silver nanorods.

    PubMed

    Patarroyo, Javier; Genç, Aziz; Arbiol, Jordi; Bastús, Neus G; Puntes, Victor

    2016-09-21

    Green silver nanorods (Ag NRs) of a low aspect ratio (2.8) have been produced in high yields via an optimized, simple, and robust one-pot polyol method in the presence of tannic acid, which favors the nucleation of decahedral seeds needed for the production of monodisperse Ag NRs. These Ag NRs were further used as sacrificial templates to produce Au hollow nanostructures via galvanic replacement reaction with HAuCl4 at room temperature.

  17. One-pot synthesis of hypervalent iodine reagents for electrophilic trifluoromethylation.

    PubMed

    Matoušek, Václav; Pietrasiak, Ewa; Schwenk, Rino; Togni, Antonio

    2013-07-05

    Simplified syntheses suited for large scale preparations of the two hypervalent iodine reagents 1 and 2 for electrophilic trifluoromethylation are reported. In both cases, the stoichiometric oxidants sodium metaperiodate and tert-butyl hypochlorite have been replaced by trichloroisocyanuric acid. Reagent 1 is accessible in a one-pot procedure from 2-iodobenzoic acid in 72% yield. Reagent 2 was prepared via fluoroiodane 11 in a considerably shorter reaction time and with no need of an accurate temperature control.

  18. Regioselective One-Pot Synthesis of Triptycenes via Triple-Cycloadditions of Arynes to Ynolates.

    PubMed

    Umezu, Satoshi; Dos Passos Gomes, Gabriel; Yoshinaga, Tatsuro; Sakae, Mikei; Matsumoto, Kenji; Iwata, Takayuki; Alabugin, Igor; Shindo, Mitsuru

    2017-01-24

    We developed the novel one-pot synthetic method of substituted triptycenes by the reaction of ynolates and arynes. This four-step process involves three cycloadditions and electrocyclic ring opening of the strained Dewar anthracene. Each of the three related but structurally distinct classes of nucleophiles (ynolate, enolate, and anthracenolate) reacts with o-benzyne in the same predictable manner controlled by chelation and negative hyperconjugation. The resulting functionalized C3 -symmetrical triptycenes hold promise in the design of functional materials.

  19. One-pot synthesis and characterization of subnanometre-size benzotriazolate protected copper clusters.

    PubMed

    Salorinne, Kirsi; Chen, Xi; Troff, Ralf W; Nissinen, Maija; Häkkinen, Hannu

    2012-07-21

    A simple one-pot method for the preparation of subnanometre-size benzotriazolate (BTA) protected copper clusters, Cu(n)BTA(m), is reported. The clusters were analyzed by optical and infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy together with computational methods. We suggest a structural motif where the copper core of the Cu(n)BTA(m) clusters is protected by BTA-Cu(i)-BTA units.

  20. One-pot synthesis of gold nanostars using plant polyphenols for cancer photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiao-Long; Zheng, Cheng; Zhang, Yun; Yang, Huang-Hao; Liu, Xiaolong; Liu, Jingfeng

    2016-07-01

    Branched plasmonic nanostructures have been found to exhibit strong enhancement of the electromagnetic field surrounding their multi-branched petals. This feature endows them with improved performance in catalysis, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, photoacoustic imaging, and photothermal therapy. Albeit several synthesis techniques have been developed, the precisely controlled growth of highly branched nanostructures with a one-pot surfactant-free procedure is still challenging. Herein, we present a simple seedless route to synthesize gold nanostars (AuNSs) using a natural plant polyphenol, gallic acid (GA), as a reducing and stabilizing agent. The size and shape of AuNSs can be tuned by simply adjusting the amount of added GA. Under the optimum condition, the as-prepared AuNSs with diameters about 100 nm exhibit strong near-infrared absorption, good photothermal efficiency, and high biocompatibility. We demonstrate that AuNSs can be utilized for simultaneous photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy in living cancer cells. This study highlights facile synthesized AuNSs could serve as a promising platform for cancer diagnosis and therapy.

  1. Three-component, one-pot synthesis of anthranilamide Schiff bases bearing 4-aminoquinoline moiety as Mycobacterium tuberculosis gyrase inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Salve, Preeti S; Alegaon, Shankar G; Sriram, Dharmarajan

    2017-02-17

    An efficient three-component, one-pot protocol is described for the synthesis of biologically interesting 2-(benzylideneamino)-N-(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)benzohydrazide derivatives from isatoic anhydride, 7-chloro-4-hydrazinylquinoline and aromatic and/or hetero aromatic aldehydes under catalyst free condensation by using water as reaction media. All synthesized compounds were evaluated for their antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and cytotoxicity activity against normal VERO cell lines. The synthesized compounds exhibited minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranging from 0.78 to 25μM. Among the tested compounds 4c, 4o, 4r, and 4u exhibited promising inhibitory activity (MIC=3.12μM). Compounds 4h and 4i stand out, showing MIC values of 0.78 and 1.56μM respectively. Both compounds were further screened for their Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA gyrase inhibitory assay which suggested that these compounds have a great potential for further optimization and development as antitubercular agents.

  2. One-Pot Synthesis of Fe3O4@PS@P(AEMH-FITC) Magnetic Fluorescent Nanocomposites for Bimodal Imaging.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xuandong; Liu, Huiyu; Jun, Ren; Fu, Changhui; Li, Linlin; Li, Tianlong; Tang, Fangqiong; Meng, Xianwei

    2016-03-01

    Magnetic fluorescent nanocomposites have attracted much attention because of their merging magnetic and fluorescent properties for biomedical application. However, the procedure of synthesis of magnetic fluorescent nanocomposites is always complicated. In addition, the properties of fluorescent component could be easily influenced by magnetic component, retaining both of the magnetic and fluorescent properties into one single nanoparticle considered to be a significant challenge. Herein, we report one-pot method to synthesize multifunctional magnetic fluorescent Fe3O4@PS@P(AEMH-FITC) nanocomposites for bimodal imaging. The asprepared Fe3O4@PS@P(AEMH-FITC) nanocomposites with well-define spherical core/shell structure were stable properties. Moreover, the Fe3O4@PS@P(AEMH-FITC) nanocomposites displayed efficient fluorescent and magnetic properties, respectively. Meanwhile, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and HePG2 cancer cell fluorescent images experiment results suggested that Fe3O4@PS@P(AEMH-FITC) nanocomposites could be used as MRI contrast agents and Fluorescence Imaging (FLI) agents for bioimaging application. Our investigation paves a facile avenue for synthesized magnetic fluorescent nanostructures with well biocompatibility for potential bioimaging application in MRI and FLI.

  3. Electrolyte-added one-pot synthesis for producing monodisperse, micrometer-sized silica particles up to 7 microm.

    PubMed

    Nakabayashi, Hiroyuki; Yamada, Akira; Noba, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yoshio; Konno, Mikio; Nagao, Daisuke

    2010-05-18

    A facile one-pot synthesis to produce micrometer-sized silica particles with low polydispersity was examined in a semibatch process where an ethanol solution of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) was continuously supplied to another ethanol solution of water and ammonia containing an electrolyte of LiCl, NaCl, or KCl. Supply rates of the TEOS solution was ranged with the water and electrolyte concentrations, which indicated that the addition of KCl at a low water concentration was effective to increase size of silica particles in a micrometer range. Highly monodisperse silica particles with an average size of 6.6 microm were successfully produced at 3 mol/m(3) KCl and 5 kmol/m(3) water. The efficiency of KCl addition for producing the large particles is interpreted by the previously proposed nucleation and growth mechanism that expects rapid particle coagulation in early reaction stage for particles which have reduced surface potential by the adsorption of cations with a large ionic radius. It is confirmed from competitive growth reactions that the silica particle growth follows the reaction-limited mechanism even in the semibatch process.

  4. One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of zeolite/sodium tantalate composite and its photodegradation of methyl orange

    SciTech Connect

    Gu, Xiaoli; Lu, Haiqiang; Kan, Chun; Yao, Jianfeng

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • Sodalite/NaTaO{sub 3} composite is prepared by a one-pot hydrothermal synthesis. • Enhanced photodegradation is achieved due to the heterogeneous doping effect. • Structure distortion is found for NaTaO{sub 3} after removing sodalite by acid washing. - Abstract: Sodalite/NaTaO{sub 3} composite was prepared by a one-pot hydrothermal synthesis method. Sodalite and NaTaO{sub 3} grow interpenetrated, and the resulting composites have similar morphology as the pure sodalite. The sodalite/NaTaO{sub 3} composite has a lower band gap of 3.35 eV due to the heterogeneous doping effect, and exhibits an enhanced photodegradation of methyl orange under UV irradiation as compared to the pure NaTaO{sub 3}. A slight structure distortion is found for NaTaO{sub 3} after removing sodalite by acid washing the sodalite/NaTaO{sub 3} composite, and such result further confirms the co-growth of the two crystals. This one-pot hydrothermal method opens up new avenues for the preparation of photocatalytic composites.

  5. Multi-catalysis reactions: direct organocatalytic sequential one-pot synthesis of highly functionalized cyclopenta[b]chromen-1-ones.

    PubMed

    Ramachary, Dhevalapally B; Reddy, Y Vijayendar; Kishor, Mamillapalli

    2008-11-21

    We have developed a new technology called multi-catalysis for the sequential one-pot synthesis of highly functionalized heterocycles. A practical and novel multi-component aniline-, self- and Brønsted acid-catalyzed selective process for the sequential one-pot synthesis of highly substituted 2-(2-hydroxy-aryl)-cyclopentane-1,3-diones, 3,9-dihydro-2H-cyclopenta[b]chromen-1-ones and 3,3-dimethyl-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-xanthen-1-ones is reported. Direct combination of aniline- and self-catalyzed cascade olefination-hydrogenation (O-H) and Brønsted acid-catalyzed cascade oxy-Michael-dehydration (OM-DH) of 1,3-diones, salicylic aldehydes and organic-hydrides is developed in one-pot to furnish the highly functionalized 3,9-dihydro-2H-cyclopenta[b]chromen-1-ones and 3,3-dimethyl-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-xanthen-1-ones with high yields.

  6. One-pot synthesis of enantiomerically pure N-protected allylic amines from N-protected α-amino esters

    PubMed Central

    Silveira-Dorta, Gastón; Álvarez-Méndez, Sergio J; Martín, Víctor S

    2016-01-01

    Summary An improved protocol for the synthesis of enantiomerically pure allylic amines is reported. N-Protected α-amino esters derived from natural amino acids were submitted to a one-pot tandem reduction–olefination process. The sequential reduction with DIBAL-H at −78 °C and subsequent in situ addition of organophosphorus reagents yielded the corresponding allylic amines without the need to isolate the intermediate aldehyde. This circumvents the problem of instability of the aldehydes. The method tolerates well both Wittig and Horner–Wadsworth–Emmons organophosphorus reagents. A better Z-(dia)stereoselectivity was observed when compared to the previous one-pot method. The (dia)stereoselectivity of the process was affected neither by the reaction solvent nor by the amount of DIBAL-H employed. The method is compatible with the presence of free hydroxy groups as shown with serine and threonine derivatives. PMID:27340486

  7. Organic-soluble antimicrobial silver nanoparticle-polymer composites in gram scale by one-pot synthesis.

    PubMed

    Nair, A Sreekumaran; Binoy, Nadappuram P; Ramakrishna, Seeram; Kurup, T R R; Chan, Lai Wah; Goh, Cheong Hian; Islam, Md Rafiqul; Utschig, Thomas; Pradeep, T

    2009-11-01

    We report a one-pot synthesis of silver nanoparticle-polymer composites (Ag-PNCs) in water by a novel finding involving the polycondensation of methoxybenzyl chlorides (MeO-BzCl) directly on Ag nanoparticle surfaces at room temperature, leading to highly soluble antimicrobial nanocomposites. The composites, which are soluble in a range of organic solvents, precipitate in the reaction vessel, making their separation simple. Solutions of the composites can be casted directly on substrates or made into freestanding films. The material was found to be stable for nearly 2 years. A range of substrates have been shown to become antibacterial by direct application of this material. The experiments were conducted with Ag-PNC-loaded filter paper strips and glass substrates. The samples were found to be antimicrobial (against Escerichia coli and Aspergillus niger). The simple one-pot approach of this kind to make organic-soluble antibacterial coatings could have wide implications.

  8. One-pot three-component synthesis of pyrano [3,2-b]pyrazolo[4,3-e]pyridin-8(1H)-ones.

    PubMed

    Safaei, Shirin; Mohammadpoor-Baltork, Iraj; Khosropour, Ahmad Reza; Moghadam, Majid; Tangestaninejad, Shahram; Mirkhani, Valiollah; Khavasi, Hamid Reza

    2013-03-11

    An efficient one-pot synthesis of novel pyrano[3,2-b]pyrazolo[4,3-e]pyridin-8(1H)-ones via three-component condensation of kojic acid, 1-H-pyrazol-5-amines and aldehydes in the presence of a catalytic amount of Zn(OTf)(2) followed by H(2)O(2)-mediated oxidation is reported. Furthermore, the synthesis of 1'H-spiro[indoline-3,4'-pyrano[2,3-b]pyrazolo[3,4-e]pyridine]-2,8'(9'H)-diones were chosen for the library validation.

  9. Pseudo five-component synthesis of 2,5-di(hetero)arylthiophenes via a one-pot Sonogashira-Glaser cyclization sequence.

    PubMed

    Urselmann, Dominik; Antovic, Dragutin; Müller, Thomas J J

    2011-01-01

    Based upon a consecutive one-pot Sonogashira-Glaser coupling-cyclization sequence a variety of 2,5-di(hetero)arylthiophenes were synthesized in moderate to good yields. A single Pd/Cu-catalyst system, without further catalyst addition, and easily available, stable starting materials were used, resulting in a concise and highly efficient route for the synthesis of the title compounds. This novel pseudo five-component synthesis starting from iodo(hetero)arenes is particularly suitable as a direct access to well-defined thiophene oligomers, which are of peculiar interest in materials science.

  10. Pseudo five-component synthesis of 2,5-di(hetero)arylthiophenes via a one-pot Sonogashira–Glaser cyclization sequence

    PubMed Central

    Urselmann, Dominik; Antovic, Dragutin

    2011-01-01

    Summary Based upon a consecutive one-pot Sonogashira–Glaser coupling–cyclization sequence a variety of 2,5-di(hetero)arylthiophenes were synthesized in moderate to good yields. A single Pd/Cu-catalyst system, without further catalyst addition, and easily available, stable starting materials were used, resulting in a concise and highly efficient route for the synthesis of the title compounds. This novel pseudo five-component synthesis starting from iodo(hetero)arenes is particularly suitable as a direct access to well-defined thiophene oligomers, which are of peculiar interest in materials science. PMID:22238523

  11. Synthesis and biological evaluation of the Forssman antigen pentasaccharide and derivatives by a one-pot glycosylation procedure.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Hiroshi; Takeuchi, Ryota; Jimbo, Mitsuru; Kuniya, Nami; Takahashi, Takashi

    2013-02-25

    The synthesis and biological evaluation of the Forssman antigen pentasaccharide and derivatives thereof by using a one-pot glycosylation and polymer-assisted deprotection is described. The Forssman antigen pentasaccharide, composed of GalNAcα(1,3)GalNAcβ(1,3)Galα(1,4)Galβ(1,4)Glc, was recently identified as a ligand of the lectin SLL-2 isolated from an octocoral Sinularia lochmodes. The chemo- and α-selective glycosylation of a thiogalactoside with a hemiacetal donor by using a mixture of Tf(2)O, TTBP and Ph(2)SO, followed by activation of the remaining thioglycoside, provided the trisaccharide at the reducing end in a one-pot procedure. The pentasaccharide was prepared by the α-selective glycosylation of the N-Troc-protected (Troc=2,2,2-trichloroethoxycarbonyl) thioglycoside with a 2-azide-1-hydroxyl glycosyl donor, followed by glycosidation of the resulting disaccharide at the C3 hydroxyl group of the trisaccharide acceptor in a one-pot process. We next applied the one-pot glycosylation method to the synthesis of pentasaccharides in which the galactosamine units were partially and fully replaced by galactose units. Among the three possible pentasaccharides, Galα(1,3)GalNAc and Galα(1,3)Gal derivatives were successfully prepared by the established method. An assay of the binding of the synthetic oligosaccharides to a fluorescent-labeled SLL-2 revealed that the NHAc substituents and the length of the oligosaccharide chain were both important for the binding of the oligosaccharide to SLL-2. The inhibition effect of the oligosaccharide relative to the morphological changes of Symbiodinium by SLL-2, was comparable to their binding affinity to SLL-2. In addition, we fortuitously found that the synthetic Forssman antigen pentasaccharide directly promotes a morphological change in Symbiodinium. These results strongly indicate that the Forssman antigen also functions as a chemical mediator of Symbiodinium.

  12. A simplified one-pot automated synthesis of [18F]FHBG for imaging reporter gene expression.

    PubMed

    Tang, Ganghua; Tang, Xiaolan; Li, Hongsheng; Wang, Mingfang; Li, Baoyuan; Liang, Mingquan; Wu, Hubing; Wang, Quanshi

    2010-03-01

    9-(4-[F]fluoro-3-hydroxymethylbutyl) guanine ([F]FHBG) has been used as a reporter probe to image the expression of the herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (TK) reporter gene in living organisms with positron emission tomography (PET). However, the routine production of [F]FHBG presents many challenging laboratory requirements. To develop a simple one-pot fully-automated synthesis procedure of [F]FHBG amenable for its routine use in reporter gene expression PET imaging studies. A TRACERlab FXF-N synthesizer was substantially modified and adapted to the synthesis of [F]FHBG through the two-step one-pot procedure. After the fluorination reaction of the tosylate precursor and the hydrolysis of the intermediate product in the same reaction vessel, the final product was purified by Sep-Pak cartridges instead of the high performance liquid chromatography system. The fully automated synthesis of [F]FHBG with Sep-Pak purification was performed within a short synthesis time. The decay-uncorrected radiochemical yield of [F]FHBG was 8-14% (n=10), the radiochemical purity was more than 99%, and the entire synthesis time was less than 40 min. In addition, the PET image of theTK-transfected nude mice model indicated a much higher uptake of [F]FHBG in the TK-transfected tumor region than in the control tumor region. The automated synthesis of [F]FHBG is very easy to carry out using one-pot reactions combined with Sep-Pak purification. The synthetic [F]FHBG can be used for PET imaging and monitoring of in vivo herpes simplex virus type 1 TK gene expression.

  13. One-pot palladium-catalyzed borrowing hydrogen synthesis of thioethers.

    PubMed

    Corma, Avelino; Navas, Javier; Ródenas, Tania; Sabater, María J

    2013-12-16

    Palladium on magnesium oxide is able to allow a one-pot reaction to synthesize thioethers from thiols and aldehydes formed in situ from the respective alcohol by means of a borrowing hydrogen method. The reaction is initiated by dehydrogenation of the alcohol to give a palladium hydride intermediate and an aldehyde. The latter reacts with a thiol involving most probably the intermediacy of a thionium ion RCH=S(+)R, which can be reduced in situ by the metal hydride to afford thioethers.

  14. Design and one-pot synthesis of new 7-acyl camptothecin derivatives as potent cytotoxic agents.

    PubMed

    Liu, Ying-Qian; Dai, Wei; Wang, Chih-Ya; Morris-Natschke, Susan L; Zhou, Xing-Wen; Yang, Liu; Yang, Xiao-Ming; Li, Wen-Qun; Lee, Kuo-Hsiung

    2012-12-15

    New 7-acyl camptothecin derivatives were designed and synthesized from camptothecin in a one-pot reaction through a Minisci type-reaction and were evaluated for cytotoxicity against four tumor cell lines, A-549, DU-145, KB, and KB-vin. All of the new compounds showed significant inhibition of human tumor cell growth, with IC(50) values ranging from 0.01538 to 13.342 μM. Most of the derivatives were more cytotoxic than irinotecan, and the (7a) and 7-propionyl (7b) analogs exhibited the highest cytotoxic activity against the tumor cell lines tested. This compound class merits further development as anticancer clinical trial candidates.

  15. One-Pot Reaction and Subsequent Annealing to Synthesis Hollow Spherical Magnetite and Maghemite Nanocages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Wei; Xiao, Xiangheng; Zhang, Shaofeng; Li, Hang; Zhou, Xiaodong; Jiang, Changzhong

    2009-08-01

    Water-soluble hollow spherical magnetite (Fe3O4) nanocages ( ca. 100 nm) with high saturation magnetization are prepared in a one-pot reaction by sol-gel method and subsequent annealing to synthesise the maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanocages with similar nanostructures. The nanocages have been investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The results indicated that glutamic acid played an important role in the formation of the cage-like nanostructures.

  16. One-Pot Synthesis of β-Acetamido Ketones Using Boric Acid at Room Temperature

    PubMed Central

    Karimi-Jaberi, Zahed; Mohammadi, Korosh

    2012-01-01

    β-acetamido ketones were synthesized in excellent yields through one-pot condensation reaction of aldehydes, acetophenones, acetyl chloride, and acetonitrile in the presence of boric acid as a solid heterogeneous catalyst at room temperature. It is the first successful report of boric acid that has been used as solid acid catalyst for the preparation of β-acetamido ketones. The remarkable advantages offered by this method are green catalyst, mild reaction conditions, simple procedure, short reaction times, and good-to-excellent yields of products. PMID:22666168

  17. One-pot synthesis of β-acetamido ketones using boric acid at room temperature.

    PubMed

    Karimi-Jaberi, Zahed; Mohammadi, Korosh

    2012-01-01

    β-acetamido ketones were synthesized in excellent yields through one-pot condensation reaction of aldehydes, acetophenones, acetyl chloride, and acetonitrile in the presence of boric acid as a solid heterogeneous catalyst at room temperature. It is the first successful report of boric acid that has been used as solid acid catalyst for the preparation of β-acetamido ketones. The remarkable advantages offered by this method are green catalyst, mild reaction conditions, simple procedure, short reaction times, and good-to-excellent yields of products.

  18. Mussel-inspired one-pot synthesis of transition metal and nitrogen co-doped carbon (M/N-C) as efficient oxygen catalysts for Zn-air batteries.

    PubMed

    Li, Bing; Chen, Ye; Ge, Xiaoming; Chai, Jianwei; Zhang, Xiao; Hor, T S Andy; Du, Guojun; Liu, Zhaolin; Zhang, Hua; Zong, Yun

    2016-03-07

    Transition metal and nitrogen co-doping into carbon is an effective approach to promote the catalytic activities towards the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and/or oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in the resultant electrocatalysts, M/N-C. The preparation of such catalysts, however, is often complicated and in low yield. Herein we report a robust approach for easy synthesis of M/N-C hybrids in high yield, which includes a mussel-inspired polymerization reaction at room temperature and a subsequent carbonization process. With the introduction of selected transition metal salts into an aqueous solution of dopamine (DA), the obtained mixture self-polymerizes to form metal-containing polydopamine (M-PDA) composites, e.g. Co-PDA, Ni-PDA and Fe-PDA. Upon carbonization at elevated temperatures, these metal-containing composites were converted into M/N-C, i.e. Co-PDA-C, Ni-PDA-C and Fe-PDA-C, respectively, whose morphologies, chemical compositions, and electrochemical performances were fully studied. Enhanced ORR activities were found in all the obtained hybrids, with Co-PDA-C standing out as the most promising catalyst with excellent stability and catalytic activities towards both ORR and OER. This was further proven in Zn-air batteries (ZnABs) in terms of discharge voltage stability and cycling performance. At a discharge-charge current density of 2 mA cm(-2) and 1 h per cycle, the Co-PDA-C based ZnABs were able to steadily cycle up to 500 cycles with only a small increase in the discharge-charge voltage gap which notably outperformed Pt/C; at a discharge current density of 5 mA cm(-2), the battery continuously discharged for more than 540 h with the discharge voltage above 1 V and a voltage drop rate of merely 0.37 mV h(-1). With the simplicity and scalability of the synthetic approach and remarkable battery performances, the Co-PDA-C hybrid catalyst is anticipated to play an important role in practical ZnABs.

  19. Mussel-inspired one-pot synthesis of transition metal and nitrogen co-doped carbon (M/N-C) as efficient oxygen catalysts for Zn-air batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Bing; Chen, Ye; Ge, Xiaoming; Chai, Jianwei; Zhang, Xiao; Hor, T. S. Andy; Du, Guojun; Liu, Zhaolin; Zhang, Hua; Zong, Yun

    2016-02-01

    Transition metal and nitrogen co-doping into carbon is an effective approach to promote the catalytic activities towards the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and/or oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in the resultant electrocatalysts, M/N-C. The preparation of such catalysts, however, is often complicated and in low yield. Herein we report a robust approach for easy synthesis of M/N-C hybrids in high yield, which includes a mussel-inspired polymerization reaction at room temperature and a subsequent carbonization process. With the introduction of selected transition metal salts into an aqueous solution of dopamine (DA), the obtained mixture self-polymerizes to form metal-containing polydopamine (M-PDA) composites, e.g. Co-PDA, Ni-PDA and Fe-PDA. Upon carbonization at elevated temperatures, these metal-containing composites were converted into M/N-C, i.e. Co-PDA-C, Ni-PDA-C and Fe-PDA-C, respectively, whose morphologies, chemical compositions, and electrochemical performances were fully studied. Enhanced ORR activities were found in all the obtained hybrids, with Co-PDA-C standing out as the most promising catalyst with excellent stability and catalytic activities towards both ORR and OER. This was further proven in Zn-air batteries (ZnABs) in terms of discharge voltage stability and cycling performance. At a discharge-charge current density of 2 mA cm-2 and 1 h per cycle, the Co-PDA-C based ZnABs were able to steadily cycle up to 500 cycles with only a small increase in the discharge-charge voltage gap which notably outperformed Pt/C; at a discharge current density of 5 mA cm-2, the battery continuously discharged for more than 540 h with the discharge voltage above 1 V and a voltage drop rate of merely 0.37 mV h-1. With the simplicity and scalability of the synthetic approach and remarkable battery performances, the Co-PDA-C hybrid catalyst is anticipated to play an important role in practical ZnABs.Transition metal and nitrogen co-doping into carbon is an effective

  20. Flowerlike WSe2 and WS2 microspheres: one-pot synthesis, formation mechanism and application in heavy metal ion sequestration.

    PubMed

    Li, Wei; Chen, Dehong; Xia, Fang; Tan, Jeannie Z Y; Song, Jingchao; Song, Wei-Guo; Caruso, Rachel A

    2016-03-25

    Flowerlike WSe2 and WS2 microspheres were synthesized by a facile and scalable one-pot solvothermal method. Their formation mechanism followed the reaction between dissolved W(CO)6 and dissolved S or melted Se without complete decomposition of W(CO)6 into tungsten. As novel efficient sorbents, WSe2 and WS2 demonstrated outstanding uptake capacities for Pb(2+) and Hg(2+).

  1. One-pot synthesis and electrocatalytic properties of Pd@Pt core-shell nanocrystals with tailored morphologies.

    PubMed

    Kim, Yena; Lee, Young Wook; Kim, Minjune; Han, Sang Woo

    2014-06-23

    Pd@Pt core-shell nanocrystals consisting of well-defined Pd nanocube cores and dendritic Pt shells were prepared by a new facile aqueous one-pot synthetic method. The prepared Pd@Pt nanocrystals exhibited efficient catalytic activity and stability toward methanol electrooxidation, and their catalytic function was highly dependent on their Pt shell thickness due to the different synergism between Pt and Pd. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. One-pot synthesis of hematite@graphene core@shell nanostructures for superior lithium storage.

    PubMed

    Chen, Dezhi; Quan, Hongying; Liang, Junfei; Guo, Lin

    2013-10-21

    Novel hematite@graphene composites have been successfully synthesized by a one-pot surfactant governed approach under mild wet-chemical conditions. A series of characterizations including X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectrum, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that the hematite nanoparticles with relatively uniform size were encapsulated by graphene layers and were able to form core-shell nanostructures. The electrochemical properties of hematite@graphene core-shell nanostructures as anodes for lithium-ion batteries were evaluated by galvanostatic charge-discharge and AC impedance spectroscopy techniques. The as-prepared hematite@graphene core-shell nanostructures exhibited a high reversible specific capacity of 1040 mA h g(-1) at a current density of 200 mA g(-1) (0.2 C) after 180 cycles and excellent rate capability and long cycle life. Furthermore, a reversible capacity as high as 500 mA h g(-1) was still achieved after 200 cycles even at a high rate of 6 C. The electrochemical test results show that the hematite@graphene composites prepared by the one-pot wet chemical method are promising anode materials for lithium-ion batteries.

  3. Au-ZnO hybrid nanoflowers, nanomultipods and nanopyramids: one-pot reaction synthesis and photocatalytic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Yuanzhi; Zeng, Deqian; Zhang, Kun; Lu, Aolin; Wang, Laisen; Peng, Dong-Liang

    2013-12-01

    The preparation of noble metal-semiconductor hybrid nanocrystals with controlled morphologies has received intensive interest in recent years. In this study, facile one-pot reactions have been developed for the synthesis of Au-ZnO hybrid nanocrystals with different interesting morphologies, including petal-like and urchin-like nanoflowers, nanomultipods and nanopyramids. In the synthesis strategy, oleylamine-containing solution serves as the reaction medium, and the in situ generated Au seeds play an important role in the subsequently induced growth of ZnO nanocrystals. With the aid of several surfactants, hybrid nanocrystals with different morphologies that have considerable influences on their optical and photocatalytic activities are readily achieved. Through high-resolution transmission electron microscopy measurements, an observed common orientation relationship between ZnO and Au is that ZnO nanocrystals prefer to grow with their polar {001} facets on the {111} facets of Au nanocrystals, and well-defined interfaces are evident. Surface plasmon resonance bands of Au with different positions are observed in the UV-vis spectra, and the UV and visible emissions of ZnO are found to be dramatically reduced. Finally, the as-prepared Au-ZnO nanocrystals exhibit excellent photocatalytic activity for the photodegradation of rhodamine B compared with pure ZnO nanocrystals. The Au-ZnO hybrid nanopyramids show the highest catalytic efficiency, which is correlated with the exposed crystal facets, crystallinity and the formation of hybrid nanostructures. The as-prepared Au-ZnO hybrid nanocrystals are expected to find diverse potential applications in the fields such as photocatalysis, solar energy conversion, sensing and biological detection.The preparation of noble metal-semiconductor hybrid nanocrystals with controlled morphologies has received intensive interest in recent years. In this study, facile one-pot reactions have been developed for the synthesis of Au

  4. Environmentally friendly, one-pot synthesis of folic acid-decorated graphene oxide-based drug delivery system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Quankui; Huang, Xiaojie; Tang, Junmei; Han, Yuemei; Chen, Hao

    2013-12-01

    A targeted drug delivery system based on graphene oxide (GO) was produced via one-pot synthesis method, taking advantages of the self-polymerization of the dopamine (DA). The polymerization of dopamine resulted in polydopamine capped GO nanocomposite. Meanwhile, the anti-tumor drug doxorubicin (DOX) can be loaded in the nanocomposite and the tumor cell targeting molecule folic acid (FA) can also been immobilized on the nanocomposite surface simultaneously. The size of the obtained FA-decorated GO-based drug delivery system (DA/GO(DOX)-FA) is about 600 nm. It renders a sustained drug release manner. The cell culture results reveal that the FA-decorated GO-based drug delivery system (DA/GO(DOX)-FA) via one-pot method shows property of targeted killing of cancer cells in vitro. This one-pot method just needs the pH adjusting to induce the self-polymerization of DA, but excludes the fussy chemical grafting process and the organic solvents, which make it an environmentally friendly method to synthesize FA-decorated GO-based drug delivery system.

  5. Facile one-pot synthesis of polytypic CuGaS2 nanoplates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zhongping; Hao, Qiaoyan; Tang, Rui; Wang, Linlin; Tang, Kaibin

    2013-12-01

    CuGaS2 (CGS) nanoplates were successfully synthesized by one-pot thermolysis of a mixture solution of CuCl, GaCl3, and 1-dodecanethiol in noncoordinating solvent 1-octadecene. Their morphology, crystalline phase, and composition were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. Crystalline structure analysis showed that the as-prepared CGS nanoplates were polytypic, in which the wurtzite phase was interfaced with zincblende domains. The growth process of CGS nanoplates was investigated. It was found that copper sulfide nanoplates were firstly formed and then the as-formed copper sulfide nanoplates gradually transformed to CGS nanoplates with proceeding of the reaction. The optical absorption of the as-synthesized CGS nanoplates was also measured and the direct optical bandgap was determined to be 2.24 eV.

  6. One-Pot Automated Synthesis of Quasi Triblock Copolymers for Self-Healing Physically Crosslinked Hydrogels.

    PubMed

    Voorhaar, Lenny; De Meyer, Bernhard; Du Prez, Filip; Hoogenboom, Richard

    2016-10-01

    The preparation of physically crosslinked hydrogels from quasi ABA-triblock copolymers with a water-soluble middle block and hydrophobic end groups is reported. The hydrophilic monomer N-acryloylmorpholine is copolymerized with hydrophobic isobornyl acrylate via a one-pot sequential monomer addition through reversible addition fragmentation chain-transfer (RAFT) polymerization in an automated parallel synthesizer, allowing systematic variation of polymer chain length and hydrophobic-hydrophilic ratio. Hydrophobic interactions between the outer blocks cause them to phase-separate into larger hydrophobic domains in water, forming physical crosslinks between the polymers. The resulting hydrogels are studied using rheology and their self-healing ability after large strain damage is shown. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  7. Synthesis and Evaluation of Cu/SAPO-34 Catalysts for NH3-SCR 2: Solid-state Ion Exchange and One-pot Synthesis

    SciTech Connect

    Gao, Feng; Walter, Eric D.; Washton, Nancy M.; Szanyi, Janos; Peden, Charles HF

    2015-01-01

    Cu-SAPO-34 catalysts are synthesized using two methods: solid-state ion exchange (SSIE) and one-pot synthesis. SSIE is conducted by calcining SAPO-34/CuO mixtures at elevated temperatures. For the one-pot synthesis method, Cu-containing chemicals (CuO and CuSO4) are added during gel preparation. A high-temperature calcination step is also needed for this method. Catalysts are characterized with surface area/pore volume measurements, temperature programmed reduction (TPR), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Catalytic properties are examined using standard ammonia selective catalytic reduction (NH3-SCR) and ammonia oxidation reactions. In Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE, Cu presents both as isolated Cu2+ ions and unreacted CuO. The former is highly active and selective in NH3-SCR, while the latter catalyzes a side reaction; notably, the non-selective oxidation of NH3 above 350 ºC. Using the one-pot method followed by a high-temperature aging treatment, it is possible to form Cu SAPO-34 samples with predominately isolated Cu2+ ions at low Cu loadings. However at much higher Cu loadings, isolated Cu2+ ions that bind weakly with the CHA framework and CuO clusters also form. These Cu moieties are very active in catalyzing non-selective NH3 oxidation above 350 ºC. Low-temperature reaction kinetics indicate that Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE have core-shell structures where Cu is enriched in the shell layers; while Cu is more evenly distributed within the one-pot samples. Reaction kinetics also suggest that at low temperatures, the local environment next to Cu2+ ion centers plays little role on the overall catalytic properties. The authors gratefully acknowledge the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office for the support of this work. The research described in this paper was performed at the Environmental

  8. One-pot green synthesis of zinc oxide nano rice and its application as sonocatalyst for degradation of organic dye and synthesis of 2-benzimidazole derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paul, Bappi; Vadivel, Sethumathavan; Dhar, Siddhartha Sankar; Debbarma, Shyama; Kumaravel, M.

    2017-05-01

    In this paper, we report novel and green approach for one-pot biosynthesis of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs). Highly stable and hexagonal phase ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized using seeds extract from the tender pods of Parkia roxburghii and characterized by XRD, FT-IR, EDX, TEM, and N2 adsorption-desorption (BET) studies. The present method of synthesis of ZnO NPs is very efficient and cost effective. The powder XRD pattern furnished evidence for the formation of hexagonal close packing structure of ZnO NPs having average crystallite size 25.6 nm. The TEM image reveals rice shapes ZnO NPs are with an average diameter of 40-60 nm. The as-synthesized ZnO NPs has proved to be an excellent sonocatalysts for degradation of organic dye and synthesis of 2-benzimidazole derivatives.

  9. One-pot synthesis of stable colloidal solutions of MFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles using oleylamine as solvent and stabilizer

    SciTech Connect

    Pérez-Mirabet, Leonardo; Solano, Eduardo; Martínez-Julián, Fernando; Guzmán, Roger; Arbiol, Jordi; Puig, Teresa; Obradors, Xavier; Pomar, Alberto; Yáñez, Ramón; Ros, Josep; Ricart, Susagna

    2013-03-15

    Highlights: ► One-pot synthesis of ferrite magnetic nanoparticles (<10 nm) in non-polar media. ► Nanoparticles present high monocrystal quality and monodispersion. ► Superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature. ► Nanoparticles transfer to polar media via ligand exchange. - Abstract: An easy, efficient, reproducible and scalable one-pot synthetic methodology to obtain magnetic spinel ferrite nanoparticles has been developed. This approach is based on one-pot thermal decomposition of Fe(acac){sub 3} and M(acac){sub 2} (M = Co, Mn, Cu and Zn) in oleylamine, which also acts as a capping ligand, by producing stable colloidal dispersions of nanoparticles in non-polar solvents. The properties of the nanoparticles have been studied via different techniques, such as transmission electron microscopy, which shows that nanoparticles are monocrystallines and a narrow dispersion in size; magnetic analyses have demonstrated that the resulting ferrite nanoparticles show high saturation values and superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature; X-ray diffraction has also been performed, and it confirms that the synthesized nanoparticles have a spinel structure. Complementarily, ligand exchange has been also carried out in order to produce dispersions of the synthesized nanoparticles in polar media.

  10. Synchronous One-Pot (SOP) synthesis of hybrid structures: metal nanoparticles in self-assemblies of amphiphilic calix[6]biscrowns.

    PubMed

    Liang, Qing; Li, Changxi; Chen, Guosong; Jiang, Ming

    2012-10-01

    In this paper, we present a novel strategy, named Synchronous One-Pot (SOP) synthesis, to prepare gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with a diameter of 2nm incorporated in self-assembled organic spheres with a diameter around 60nm (denoted as NPAs). Merits of this method include: (1) self-assembly of the organic component (calix[6]biscrown TAC) into spheres and the reduction of chloroauric acid (HAuCl(4)) take place simultaneously; (2) preparation combining UV irradiation and formaldehyde addition reduces the size and homogenizes the distribution of the resultant AuNPs within the TAC spheres. (3) Obtained material NPA gives attractive catalytic property to hydrogenation reaction.

  11. Facile rhenium-peptide conjugate synthesis using a one-pot derived Re(CO)3 reagent.

    PubMed

    Chanawanno, Kullapa; Kondeti, Vinay; Caporoso, Joel; Paruchuri, Sailaja; Leeper, Thomas C; Herrick, Richard S; Ziegler, Christopher J

    2016-03-21

    We have synthesized two Re(CO)3-modified lysine complexes (1 and 2), where the metal is attached to the amino acid at the Nε position, via a one-pot Schiff base formation reaction. These compounds can be used in the solid phase synthesis of peptides, and to date we have produced four conjugate systems incorporating neurotensin, bombesin, leutenizing hormone releasing hormone, and a nuclear localization sequence. We observed uptake into human umbilical vascular endothelial cells as well as differential uptake depending on peptide sequence identity, as characterized by fluorescence and rhenium elemental analysis.

  12. New one-pot synthesis of Au and Ag nanoparticles using green rust reactive particle as a micro-reactor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ayadi, Sondra; Perca, Cristian; Legrand, Ludovic

    2013-02-01

    A new, simple, and fast one-pot synthesis of supported Au or Ag nanoparticles is implemented, for which a reactive Fe(II)-bearing green rust inorganic particle is used as an individual micro-reactor acting as both the reducing agent and support for the resulting metal nanoparticles. The mechanism involves both the solid-state oxidation of the green rust support (sulfate or carbonate) and the reduction-precipitation of soluble metal precursor. The resulting nanohybrids have a platy inorganic part supporting about one to ten nanoparticles with sizes in the 20 to 120 nm range.

  13. Visible-light-promoted and one-pot synthesis of phenanthridines and quinolines from aldehydes and O-acyl hydroxylamine.

    PubMed

    An, Xiao-De; Yu, Shouyun

    2015-06-05

    A one-pot synthesis of phenanthridines and quinolines from commercially available or easily prepared aldehydes has been reported. O-(4-Cyanobenzoyl)hydroxylamine was utilized as the nitrogen source to generate O-acyl oximes in situ with aldehydes catalyzed by Brønsted acid. O-Acyl oximes were then subjected to visible light photoredox catalyzed cyclization via iminyl radicals to furnish aza-arenes. A variety of phenanthridines and quinolines have been prepared assisted by Brønsted acid and photocatalyst under visible light at room temperature with satisfactory yields.

  14. Use of a novel 5'-regioselective phosphitylating reagent for one-pot synthesis of nucleoside 5'-triphosphates from unprotected nucleosides.

    PubMed

    Caton-Williams, Julianne; Hoxhaj, Rudiona; Fiaz, Bilal; Huang, Zhen

    2013-03-01

    5'-Triphosphates are building blocks for enzymatic synthesis of DNA and RNA. This unit presents a protocol for convenient synthesis of 2'-deoxyribo- and ribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates (dNTPs and NTPs) from any natural or modified base. This one-pot synthesis can also be employed to prepare triphosphate analogs with a sulfur or selenium atom in place of a non-bridging oxygen atom of the α-phosphate. These S- or Se-modified dNTPs and NTPs can be used to prepare diastereomerically pure phosphorothioate or phosphoroselenoate nucleic acids. Even without extensive purification, the dNTPs or NTPs synthesized by this method are of high quality and can be used directly in DNA polymerization or RNA transcription. Synthesis and purification of the 5'-triphosphates, as well as analysis and confirmation of natural and sulfur- or selenium-modified nucleic acids, are described in this protocol unit. © 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  15. Tandem one-pot synthesis of flavans by recyclable silica-HClO4 catalyzed Knoevenagel condensation and [4 + 2]-Diels-Alder cycloaddition.

    PubMed

    Bharate, Sandip B; Mudududdla, Ramesh; Bharate, Jaideep B; Battini, Narsaiah; Battula, Satyanarayana; Yadav, Rammohan R; Singh, Baldev; Vishwakarma, Ram A

    2012-07-14

    An efficient one-pot multi-component synthesis of flavans using perchloric acid supported on silica as a recyclable heterogeneous catalyst has been described. This is the first report of direct one-step construction of a flavan skeleton from a phenolic precursor. The method involves a Knoevenagel-type condensation leading to in situ formation of transient O-quinone methide which further undergoes [4 + 2]-Diels-Alder cycloaddition with styrene to yield a flavan skeleton. The method provides easy access to a wide range of bio-active natural products viz. flavonoids, anthocyanins and catechins.

  16. Sustainable synthesis of 3-substituted phthalides via a catalytic one-pot cascade strategy from 2-formylbenzoic acid with β-keto acids in glycerol.

    PubMed

    Jia, Lina; Han, Fuzhong

    2017-01-01

    Background: Phthalides are privileged constituents of numerous pharmaceuticals, natural products and agrochemicals and exhibit several biological and therapeutic activities. Therefore, the development of new, facile, and sustainable strategies for the construction of these moieties is highly desired. Results: A broad substrate scope for β-keto acids was found to be strongly compatible with this catalytic process, affording a wide variety of 3-substituted phthalides in good to excellent yields. Conclusion: A concise and efficient synthesis strategy of 3-substituted phthalides from 2-formylbenzoic acid and β-keto acids via a catalytic one-pot cascade reaction in glycerol has been accomplished.

  17. One-Pot Cascade Synthesis of Quinazolin-4(3H)-ones via Nickel-Catalyzed Dehydrogenative Coupling of o-Aminobenzamides with Alcohols.

    PubMed

    Parua, Seuli; Das, Siuli; Sikari, Rina; Sinha, Suman; Paul, Nanda D

    2017-07-21

    In this paper, we report a general, efficient, and environmentally benign method for the one-pot cascade synthesis of quinazolin-4(3H)-ones via acceptorless dehydrogenative coupling of o-aminobenzamide with alcohols catalyzed by a simple Ni(II) catalyst, [Ni(MeTAA)], featuring a tetraaza macrocyclic ligand (tetramethyltetraaza[14]annulene (MeTAA)). A wide variety of substituted quinazolin-4(3H)-ones were synthesized in high yields starting from readily available benzyl alcohols and o-aminobenzamides. Several controlled reactions along with deuterium labeling studies were carried out to establish the acceptorless dehydrogenative nature of the reactions.

  18. Iodine catalyzed one-pot diamination of glycals with chloramine-T: a new approach to 2-amino-beta-glycosylamines for applications in N-glycopeptide synthesis.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Vipin; Ramesh, Namakkal G

    2006-12-21

    Iodine catalyzes a facile one-pot direct diamination of glycals with chloramine-T to afford stereoselectively 2-amino-beta-glycosylamine derivatives that serve as convenient precursors for the synthesis of N-linked glycopeptides.

  19. One-pot synthesis of active copper-containing carbon dots with laccase-like activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ren, Xiangling; Liu, Jing; Ren, Jun; Tang, Fangqiong; Meng, Xianwei

    2015-11-01

    Herein, an effective strategy for designing a new type of nanozyme, blue fluorescent laccase mimics, is reported. Active copper-containing carbon dots (Cu-CDs) were synthesized through a simple, nontoxic and one-pot hydrothermal method, which showed favorable photoluminescence properties and good photostability under high-salt conditions or in a broad pH range (3.0-13.5). The Cu-CDs possessed intrinsic laccase-like activities and could catalyze the oxidation of the laccase substrate p-phenylenediamine (PPD) to produce a typical color change from colorless to brown. Poly(methacrylic acid sodium salt) (PMAA) not only was used as the carbon source and reducing agent, but also provided carboxyl groups to assist flocculation between Cu-CDs and polyacrylamide, which facilitated the removal of PPD. Importantly, the intrinsic fluorescence of the as-prepared Cu-CDs could indicate the presence of hydroquinone, one of the substrates of laccases, based on laccase mimics and fluorescence quenching.Herein, an effective strategy for designing a new type of nanozyme, blue fluorescent laccase mimics, is reported. Active copper-containing carbon dots (Cu-CDs) were synthesized through a simple, nontoxic and one-pot hydrothermal method, which showed favorable photoluminescence properties and good photostability under high-salt conditions or in a broad pH range (3.0-13.5). The Cu-CDs possessed intrinsic laccase-like activities and could catalyze the oxidation of the laccase substrate p-phenylenediamine (PPD) to produce a typical color change from colorless to brown. Poly(methacrylic acid sodium salt) (PMAA) not only was used as the carbon source and reducing agent, but also provided carboxyl groups to assist flocculation between Cu-CDs and polyacrylamide, which facilitated the removal of PPD. Importantly, the intrinsic fluorescence of the as-prepared Cu-CDs could indicate the presence of hydroquinone, one of the substrates of laccases, based on laccase mimics and fluorescence quenching

  20. One-pot synthesis of hollow superparamagnetic CoPt nanospheres.

    PubMed

    Vasquez, Yolanda; Sra, Amandeep K; Schaak, Raymond E

    2005-09-14

    Hollow metal nanospheres are of interest for a variety of academic and technological applications, including drug delivery, catalysis, plasmonics, and lightweight structural composites. Despite recent advances in synthesizing metal nanostructures with controlled morphologies, there are very few reports of hollow bimetallic nanospheres, although such systems promise to offer advantages over single-metal systems. Here, were report a one-pot synthetic strategy for accessing hollow CoPt nanospheres with a Co-Pt alloy structure. The approach utilizes an in situ Co template and exploits galvanic displacement reactions to selectively dissolve the Co core while depositing a Pt shell. The combination of reducing conditions and a polymer stabilizer appears to allow the Co and Pt to co-reduce and form a Co-Pt fcc alloy phase with a morphology that is templated by the sacrificial Co core. The hollow CoPt nanospheres, which show magnetic hysteresis at low temperatures, are thermally stable up to 300 degrees C. The approach, which adds to a growing toolbox of reactions that yield morphologically controlled magnetic CoPt and FePt nanomaterials, is likely to be general for a variety of alloy systems.

  1. Design and one-pot synthesis of 2-thiazolylhydrazone derivatives as influenza neuraminidase inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Keyang; Xiao, Mengwu; Tan, Ying; Ye, Jiao; Xie, Yongle; Sun, Xiaoxiao; Hu, Aixi; Lian, Wenwen; Liu, Ailin

    2017-05-23

    Two series of novel 2-thiazolylhydrazone derivatives were designed and synthesized via one-pot reaction of benzaldehyde derivatives, [Formula: see text]-haloketones and thiosemicarbazide. The structures of compounds 1 and 2 were characterized by [Formula: see text] NMR and [Formula: see text] NMR, and compound 1g was further confirmed by X-ray crystallography. All of the target compounds were evaluated for their NA inhibitory activity against influenza viral neuraminidase (H1N1) in vitro, and the results showed that many compounds exhibited moderate to strong inhibitory activities against influenza viral neuraminidase (H1N1). Among them, compounds 1p, 1q and 2c showed the most potent inhibitory activities with [Formula: see text] values ranging from 10.50 to [Formula: see text]. Our structure-activity relationship analysis indicated that 2-thiazolylhydrazone is an effective scaffold for NA inhibitors and that introducing an ethoxycarbonyl group to the 5-position of thiazole ring could enhance inhibitory potency. Molecular docking was performed on the most active compounds 1p and 2c to provide more insight into their mechanism of interaction.

  2. One-pot green synthesis of silver/iron oxide composite nanoparticles for 4-nitrophenol reduction.

    PubMed

    Chiou, Jau-Rung; Lai, Bo-Hung; Hsu, Kai-Chih; Chen, Dong-Hwang

    2013-03-15

    Silver/iron oxide composite nanoparticles have been synthesized successfully via a facile one-pot green route by the use of l-arginine, which created an aqueous solution of about pH 10 and acted as a reducing agent for the successive formation of iron oxide and Ag nanoparticles. The product was characterized to be silver-coated iron oxide and iron oxide hydroxide composite nanoparticles with a mean diameter of about 13.8 ± 3.0 nm and 8.53% of Ag in weight. It exhibited good catalytic activity for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol with sodium borohydride. The reduction reaction followed the pseudo-first-order kinetics. The corresponding rate constants increased with the increases of temperature and catalyst amount but decreased with the increase of initial 4-NP concentration, revealing an activation energy of 28.2 kJ/mol and a diffusion controlled mechanism. In addition, this product had quite good stability. No significant activity loss was observed after reuse for 5 cycles. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Facile one-pot synthesis of polytypic CuGaS2 nanoplates

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    CuGaS2 (CGS) nanoplates were successfully synthesized by one-pot thermolysis of a mixture solution of CuCl, GaCl3, and 1-dodecanethiol in noncoordinating solvent 1-octadecene. Their morphology, crystalline phase, and composition were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. Crystalline structure analysis showed that the as-prepared CGS nanoplates were polytypic, in which the wurtzite phase was interfaced with zincblende domains. The growth process of CGS nanoplates was investigated. It was found that copper sulfide nanoplates were firstly formed and then the as-formed copper sulfide nanoplates gradually transformed to CGS nanoplates with proceeding of the reaction. The optical absorption of the as-synthesized CGS nanoplates was also measured and the direct optical bandgap was determined to be 2.24 eV. PMID:24330546

  4. One-pot facile synthesis of PEGylated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for MRI contrast enhancement.

    PubMed

    Dai, Lingling; Liu, Yongkang; Wang, Zhongqiu; Guo, Fangfang; Shi, Donglu; Zhang, Bingbo

    2014-08-01

    Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (PEG·SPIONs) were prepared by a facile one-pot approach. The synthesized PEG·SPIONs were found to be uniform in size with an average hydrodynamic diameter of 11.7 nm. PEG·SPIONs exhibited excellent dispersibility in water, colloidal stability, and biocompatibility. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) properties of PEG·SPIONs were characterized both in vitro and in vivo. The dual contrast both in T1 and T2-weighted imaging was well enhanced with longitudinal and transverse relaxivity (r1, r2) of 35.92 s(-1) per mM of Fe(3+) and 206.91 s(-1) per mM of Fe(3+) respectively. In vivo T2-weighted MRI shows pronounced enhancement in the liver and spleen but not in T1-weighted MRI. Accumulations of nanoparticles were found primarily in the liver, spleen, and intestine, while much lower uptake in the kidney, heart, and lungs. A gradual excretion of PEG·SPIONs was observed via hepatobiliary (HB) processing over a period of 14 days. The toxicity of PEG·SPIONs was also evaluated in vitro and in vivo. PEG·SPIONs were found to be biocompatible by investigating organ tissues after hematoxylin-eosin staining. The conclusion of the study indicates a high potential of PEG·SPIONs in medical MRI.

  5. 'One-pot' synthesis of multifunctional GSH-CdTe quantum dots for targeted drug delivery.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xiaoqin; Tang, Yajun; Cai, Bing; Fan, Hongsong

    2014-06-13

    A novel quantum dots-based multifunctional nanovehicle (DOX-QD-PEG-FA) was designed for targeted drug delivery, fluorescent imaging, tracking, and cancer therapy, in which the GSH-CdTe quantum dots play a key role in imaging and drug delivery. To exert curative effects, the antineoplastic drug doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) was loaded on the GSH-CdTe quantum dots through a condensation reaction. Meanwhile, a polyethylene glycol (PEG) shell was introduced to wrap the DOX-QD, thus stabilizing the structure and preventing clearance and drug release during systemic circulation. To actively target cancer cells and prevent the nanovehicles from being absorbed by normal cells, the nanoparticles were further decorated with folic acid (FA), allowing them to target HeLa cells that express the FA receptor. The multifunctional DOX-QD-PEG-FA conjugates were simply prepared using the 'one pot' method. In vitro study demonstrated that this simple, multifunctional nanovehicle can deliver DOX to the targeted cancer cells and localize the nanoparticles. After reaching the tumor cells, the FA on the DOX-QD-PEG surface allowed folate receptor recognition and increased the drug concentration to realize a higher curative effect. This novel, multifunctional DOX-QD-PEG-FA system shows great potential for tumor imaging, targeting, and therapy.

  6. One-pot synthesis of hierarchical MnO2-modified diatomites for electrochemical capacitor electrodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yu Xin; Huang, Ming; Li, Fei; Wang, Xue Li; Wen, Zhong Quan

    2014-01-01

    The hierarchical and porous MnO2-modified diatomite structures are prepared for the first time by a one-pot hydrothermal method. The morphology and structure of MnO2-modified diatomite hierarchical structures are examined by focus ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIB/SEM) and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD). The results show that Birnessite-type MnO2 nanosheets are observed to grow vertically on the purified diatomite, thus building hierarchical architecture. Furthermore, the electrochemical properties of the MnO2-modified diatomite electrodes are elucidated by cyclic voltammograms, galvanostatic charge/discharge tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in 1 M Na2SO4 electrolyte. The electrochemical results demonstrate that the MnO2-modified diatomite electrode exhibits highly reversible features and good rate abilities, respectively. Significantly, it exhibits the specific capacitance of 202.6 F g-1 for the MnO2-modified diatomite and 297.8 F g-1 for the MnO2 nanostructures after etching the diatomite. The capacitance retention of 95.92% over 5000 cycles further indicates the suitability of the low-cost MnO2-modified diatomite structure as a potential electrode material for supercapacitors.

  7. One-pot synthesis and antimicrobial evaluation of novel 3-cyanopyridine derivatives of (-)-β-pinene.

    PubMed

    Liao, Shengliang; Shang, Shibin; Shen, Minggui; Rao, Xiaoping; Si, Hongyan; Song, Jie; Song, Zhanqian

    2016-03-15

    A series of novel 3-cyanopyridine derivatives of (-)-β-pinene were designed and synthesized by one-pot four-component domino reactions. The targeted compounds were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against four bacteria (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis) and a fungus (Candida albicans). The results showed that most of the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of these 3-cyanopyridine derivatives against the tested strains was in the range of 15.6-125 mg/L. Among these 3-cyanopyridine derivatives, the MICs of compound 5h against S. epidermidis and C. albicans were 15.6 mg/L, which revealed that compound 5h featured double fluoro substituents at meta- and para-position was the most active compound. In addition, the preliminary structure-activity relationship analysis indicated that the change of substituents on the pyridine ring and benzene ring of 3-cyanopyridine derivatives was an important factor for inducing antimicrobial activity. This research would promote the development of heterocyclic derivatives of β-pinene with antimicrobial activity.

  8. The first one-pot synthesis of metal-organic frameworks functionalised with two transition-metal complexes.

    PubMed

    Platero-Prats, Ana E; Bermejo Gómez, Antonio; Samain, Louise; Zou, Xiaodong; Martín-Matute, Belén

    2015-01-07

    The synthesis of a metal-organic framework (UiO-67) functionalised simultaneously with two different transition metal complexes (Ir and Pd or Rh) through a one-pot procedure is reported for the first time. This has been achieved by an iterative modification of the synthesis parameters combined with characterisation of the resulting materials using different techniques, including X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The method also allows the first synthesis of UiO-67 with a very wide range of loadings (from 4 to 43 mol %) of an iridium complex ([IrCp*(bpydc)(Cl)Cl](2-) ; bpydc=2,2'-bipyridine-5,5'-dicarboxylate, Cp*=pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) through a pre-functionalisation methodology.

  9. Multicomponent, one-pot sequential synthesis of 1,3,5- and 1,3,5,5-substituted barbiturates.

    PubMed

    Volonterio, Alessandro; Zanda, Matteo

    2008-10-03

    Carbodiimides and malonic acid monoethylesters readily react to afford N-acylurea derivatives that could be cyclized in situ by addition of a suitable base. This process represents a general and straightforward one-pot sequential synthesis of 1,3,5-trisubstituted barbiturates in very mild conditions (organic solvent/2 N NaOH aqueous solution, 20 degrees C). Performing the reaction in the presence of an electrophile resulted in the formation of fully substituted (namely, 1,3,5,5-tetrasubstituted) barbiturates through a three-component one-pot sequential process. The latter, however, occurred only with highly reactive electrophiles, such as benzyl and, in some instances, allyl halides. In order to expand the scope of the process, we sought to develop a general method for the C-alkylation of 1,3,5-trisubstituted barbiturates. We found that C-alkylation occurred upon treatment of 1,3,5-trisubstituted barbiturates with an alkyl halide in CH3CN at 120 degrees C in the presence of anhydrous K2CO3 affording the target 1,3,5,5-tetrasubstituted barbiturates in good yields. The multicomponent process was accomplished by combining the three steps in a one-pot sequential fashion, i.e., the condensation of carbodiimides with malonic acid monoethylesters, the cyclization of the resulting N-acylureas, and the C-alkylation of the resulting 1,3,5-substituted barbiturates. A detailed study of the influence of the structure of the reactants on the reaction outcome and mechanism is presented. By selective N'-deprotection of 1,3,5,5-tetrasubstituted barbiturates, the corresponding 1,5,5-trisubstituted barbiturates were also prepared.

  10. Facile one-pot synthesis of gold nanoparticles using tannic acid and its application in catalysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aswathy Aromal, S.; Philip, Daizy

    2012-04-01

    The paper reports a simple and efficient method for the synthesis of stable, nearly spherical gold nanoparticles using tannic acid as both the reducing and stabilizing agent. The nanoparticles are characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), EDX and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The influence of tannic acid on the control of size and shape of gold nanoparticles is reported. Upon an increase in the concentration of tannic acid, there is a shift in the shape of nanoparticles as evidenced by the change in bandwidth and peak position of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band. Also, it is found that tannic acid ceases to act as a reducing agent beyond the limit of 10 mL (6×10-3 M) for 30 mL of HAuCl4 (1.3×10-3 M). On increasing the quantity of tannic acid, nucleation is favored in the initial stages and thereafter growth supersedes nucleation. The stable colloids obtained by this method are found to consist of nanoparticles with average size 8 and 12 nm. The crystallinity of the sample with fcc phase is observed from TEM, SAED and XRD pattern. Involvement of carboxylic acid group in capping of gold nanoparticles is evident from the FTIR spectrum. The application of the synthesized nanoparticles as catalyst in the reduction of 4-Nitrophenol to 4-Aminophenol is also reported.

  11. Facile One-Pot Synthesis of Diaryliodonium Salts from Arenes and Aryl Iodides with Oxone.

    PubMed

    Soldatova, Natalia; Postnikov, Pavel; Kukurina, Olga; Zhdankin, Viktor V; Yoshimura, Akira; Wirth, Thomas; Yusubov, Mekhman S

    2017-02-01

    A straightforward synthesis of diaryliodonium salts is achieved by using Oxone as the stoichiometric oxidant. Slow addition is the key to obtaining good yields and purities of the reaction products, which are highly useful reagents in many different areas of organic synthesis.

  12. Combining Organocatalysis and Lanthanide Catalysis: A Sequential One-Pot Quadruple Reaction Sequence/Hetero-Diels-Alder Asymmetric Synthesis of Functionalized Tricycles.

    PubMed

    Dochain, Simon; Vetica, Fabrizio; Puttreddy, Rakesh; Rissanen, Kari; Enders, Dieter

    2016-12-23

    A stereoselective one-pot synthesis of functionalized complex tricyclic polyethers has been achieved using the combination of secondary amine and lanthanide catalysis. This one-pot quadruple reaction/Hetero-Diels-Alder sequence gave good yields (per step) as well as excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivities. Furthermore, the particular combination of lanthanide complexes with organocatalysis is one of the first examples described for sequential catalysis. © 2016 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Synthesis of dibenzoxepine lactams via a Cu-catalyzed one-pot etherification/aldol condensation cascade reaction: application toward the total synthesis of aristoyagonine.

    PubMed

    Lim, Hye Sun; Choi, Young Lok; Heo, Jung-Nyoung

    2013-09-20

    A general synthesis of dibenzoxepine lactams has been developed using a one-pot Cu-catalyzed etherification/aldol condensation cascade reaction. The reaction of 4-hydroxyisoindolin-1-one with a wide range of 2-bromobenzaldehydes in the presence of a copper catalyst provided various aristoyagonine derivatives in good yields.

  14. Rhodium catalyzed oxidative coupling of salicylaldehydes with diazabicyclic olefins: a one pot strategy involving aldehyde C-H cleavage and π-allyl chemistry towards the synthesis of fused ring chromanones.

    PubMed

    Jijy, E; Prakash, Praveen; Shimi, M; Pihko, Petri M; Joseph, Nayana; Radhakrishnan, K V

    2013-08-25

    An efficient one pot strategy for the synthesis of cyclopentene fused chromanone derivatives through the direct oxidative coupling of salicylaldehydes with bicyclic olefins in the presence of a rhodium-copper catalyst system is described. This is the first report on the ring opening-ring closing of bicyclic hydrazines via metal catalyzed oxidative coupling reaction.

  15. A one-pot, three-step process for the diastereoselective synthesis of aminobicyclo[4.3.0]nonanes using consecutive palladium(II)- and ruthenium(II)-catalysis.

    PubMed

    Mostafa, Mohamed A B; Grafton, Mark W; Wilson, Claire; Sutherland, Andrew

    2016-03-28

    A diastereoselective synthesis of highly substituted aminobicyclo[4.3.0]nonanes has been attained using a one-pot multi-bond forming process. A four-step synthetic route was developed for the efficient synthesis of a series of C-7 substituted hept-2-en-6-yn-1-ols. These compounds were then investigated as substrates for a one-pot, three-step tandem process involving a palladium(ii)-catalysed Overman rearrangement, a ruthenium(ii)-catalysed ring closing enyne metathesis reaction followed by a hydrogen bond directed Diels-Alder reaction. The optimisation of the one-pot process has allowed the rapid preparation of a library of aminobicyclo[4.3.0]nonanes with significant molecular complexity and up to four stereogenic centres.

  16. One-pot SSA-catalyzed β-elimination: an efficient and inexpensive protocol for easy access to the glycal of sialic acid.

    PubMed

    Paragas, Erickson M; Monreal, I Abrrey; Vasil, Chris M; Saludes, Jonel P

    2015-01-30

    Neu5Ac2en1Me per-OAc, the fully protected glycal of sialic acid, is a key intermediate in the discovery of therapeutics and diagnostics, including anti-influenza drugs and proteolysis resistant peptidomimetic foldamers. The synthesis of this sialic acid derivative, however, still relies on standard sugar chemistry that utilizes multi-step methodologies. Herein we report a facile and highly efficient microwave-assisted preparation of Neu5Ac1Me using silica sulfuric acid (SSA) as solid-supported acid catalyst that is one- to two-orders of magnitude faster than standard procedures. We also describe the microwave-assisted and SSA-catalyzed one-pot, rapid, solvent free reaction that combines both peracetylation and β-elimination reactions in one step to generate the glycal from Neu5Ac1Me. We coined the term One-pot SSA-catalyzed Technology for β-Elimination Protocol (OneSTEP) to describe this least laborious, most efficient, and practical preparation to date of Neu5Ac2en1Me per-OAc in terms of yield, time, reagent cost, and waste generation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. One-pot SSA-catalyzed β-elimination: An efficient and inexpensive protocol for easy access to the glycal of sialic acid

    PubMed Central

    Paragas, Erickson M.; Monreal, I. Abrrey; Vasil, Chris M.; Saludes, Jonel P.

    2014-01-01

    Neu5Ac2en1Me per-OAc, the fully protected glycal of sialic acid, is a key intermediate in the discovery of therapeutics and diagnostics, including anti-influenza drugs and proteolysis resistant peptidomimetic foldamers. The synthesis of this sialic acid derivative, however, still relies on standard sugar chemistry that utilizes multi-step methodologies. Herein we report a facile and highly efficient microwave-assisted preparation of Neu5Ac1Me using silica sulfuric acid (SSA) as solid-supported acid catalyst that is one- to two-orders of magnitude faster than standard procedures. We also describe the microwave-assisted and SSA-catalyzed one-pot, rapid, solvent free reaction that combines both peracetylation and β-elimination reactions in one step to generate the glycal from Neu5Ac1Me. We coined the term One-pot SSA-catalyzed Technology for β-Elimination Protocol (OneSTEP) to describe this least laborious, most efficient, and practical preparation to date of Neu5Ac2en1Me per-OAc in terms of yield, time, reagent cost, and waste generation. PMID:25497336

  18. Cyanogel-derived N-doped C nanosheets immobilizing Pd-P nanoparticles: One-pot synthesis and enhanced hydrogenation catalytic performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Hao; Yan, Xiaohong; Huang, Yundi; Zhang, Mengru; Tang, Yawen; Sun, Dongmei; Xu, Lin; Wei, Shaohua

    2017-02-01

    For Pd-based nanocatalysts, stabilization of Pd nanoparticles on carbon support could not only effectively avoid particle aggregation and maintain catalytic stability during catalytic processes, but also facilitate enhancing the catalytic activity due to the synergy between Pd nanoparticles and carbon support. Furthermore, the incorporation of non-metal of phosphorus (P) into Pd could effectively modulate the electronic structure of Pd and thus help to boost the catalytic properties. However, one-pot synthesis of such nanohybrids remains a great challenge due to the distinct physiochemical properties of Pd, P and C components. Herein, we demonstrate a one-pot and scalable synthesis of highly dispersed PdP alloy nanoparticle-immobilized on N-doped graphitic carbon nanosheets (abbreviated as Pd-P@N-C nanosheets) by using inorganic-organic hybrid cyanogel as a reaction precursor. In virtue of both compositional and structural advantages, the as-synthesized Pd-P@N-C nanosheets manifest a superior catalytic activity and stability toward the hydrogenation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP). We believe that the present work will provide a feasible and versatile strategy for the development of efficient catalysts for environmental remediation and can also be extendable to other carbon-based nanohybrids with desirable functionalities.

  19. One-pot synthesis of MWW zeolite nanosheets using a rationally designed organic structure-directing agent

    SciTech Connect

    Luo, Helen Y.; Michaelis, Vladimir K.; Hodges, Sydney; Griffin, Robert G.; Roman-Leshkov, Yuriy

    2015-07-22

    A new material MIT-1 comprised of delaminated MWW zeolite nanosheets is synthesized in one-pot using a rationally designed organic structure-directing agent (OSDA). The OSDA is comprised of a hydrophilic head segment that resembles the OSDA used to synthesize the zeolite precursor MCM22(P), a hydrophobic tail segment that resembles the swelling agent used to swell MCM22(P), and a di-quaternary ammonium linker that connects both segments. MIT-1 features high crystallinity and surface areas exceeding 500 m2g-1, and can be synthesized over a wide synthesis window that includes Si/Al ratios ranging from 13 to 67. Characterization data reveal high mesoporosity and acid strength with no detectable amorphous silica phases. In conclusion, compared to MCM-22 and MCM-56, MIT-1 shows a three-fold increase in catalytic activity for the Friedel-Crafts alkylation of benzene with benzyl alcohol.

  20. One-pot synthesis of MWW zeolite nanosheets using a rationally designed organic structure-directing agent

    DOE PAGES

    Luo, Helen Y.; Michaelis, Vladimir K.; Hodges, Sydney; ...

    2015-07-22

    A new material MIT-1 comprised of delaminated MWW zeolite nanosheets is synthesized in one-pot using a rationally designed organic structure-directing agent (OSDA). The OSDA is comprised of a hydrophilic head segment that resembles the OSDA used to synthesize the zeolite precursor MCM22(P), a hydrophobic tail segment that resembles the swelling agent used to swell MCM22(P), and a di-quaternary ammonium linker that connects both segments. MIT-1 features high crystallinity and surface areas exceeding 500 m2g-1, and can be synthesized over a wide synthesis window that includes Si/Al ratios ranging from 13 to 67. Characterization data reveal high mesoporosity and acid strengthmore » with no detectable amorphous silica phases. In conclusion, compared to MCM-22 and MCM-56, MIT-1 shows a three-fold increase in catalytic activity for the Friedel-Crafts alkylation of benzene with benzyl alcohol.« less

  1. One-pot synthesis of biocompatible superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles/hydrogel based on salep: characterization and drug delivery.

    PubMed

    Bardajee, Ghasem Rezanejade; Hooshyar, Zari

    2014-01-30

    This work describes synthesis of biocompatible magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles/hydrogel based on salep (MION-salep hydrogel) by a facile one-pot strategy. The prepared sample was characterized by techniques like scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDAX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The obtained MION had an 8 nm diameter with a narrow size distribution and was superparamagnetic with large saturation magnetization at room temperature. The most attractive feature of the obtained sample was its swelling properties under external magnetic field (EMF), different temperatures, and pHs. Moreover, MION-salep hydrogel showed ability to deferasirox release at pH=7 with non-Fickian diffusion mechanism. An in vitro cytotoxicity study implied that the as-synthesized sample is nontoxic. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. One-pot aqueous synthesis of gadolinium doped CdTe quantum dots with dual imaging modalities.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Chunli; Shen, Zhitao; Luo, Chunhua; Lin, Hechun; Huang, Rong; Wang, Yiting; Peng, Hui

    2016-08-01

    A facile one-pot strategy has been developed for the aqueous synthesis of Gd doped CdTe (Gd:CdTe) QDs as fluorescence and magnetic resonance imaging dual-modal agent. The prepared Gd:CdTe QDs showed narrow size distribution and the average size was less than 5nm. The amount of Gd(3+) dopant in Gd:CdTe QDs significantly affected the optical properties of obtained QDs. The highest PL QY for the prepared Gd:CdTe QDs was up to 42.5%. The QDs showed the weak toxicity and significant enhancement in MRI signal. The specific relaxivity value (r1) was determined to be 4.22mM(-1)s(-1). These properties make the prepared Gd:CdTe QDs be an effective dual-modal imaging agent and have great potential applications in biomedical field.

  3. Amide-controlled, one-pot synthesis of tri-substituted purines generates structural diversity and analogues with trypanocidal activity.

    PubMed

    Pineda de las Infantas y Villatoro, Maria J; Unciti-Broceta, Juan D; Contreras-Montoya, Rafael; Garcia-Salcedo, Jose A; Gallo Mezo, Miguel A; Unciti-Broceta, Asier; Diaz-Mochon, Juan J

    2015-03-16

    A novel one-pot synthesis of tri-substituted purines and the discovery of purine analogues with trypanocidal activity are reported. The reaction is initiated by a metal-free oxidative coupling of primary alkoxides and diaminopyrimidines with Schiff base formation and subsequent annulation in the presence of large N,N-dimethylamides (e.g. N,N-dimethylpropanamide or larger). This synthetic route is in competition with a reaction previously-reported by our group, allowing the generation of a combinatorial library of tri-substituted purines by the simple modification of the amide and the alkoxide employed. Among the variety of structures generated, two purine analogues displayed trypanocidal activity against the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei with IC50 < 5 μM, being each of those compounds obtained through each of the synthetic pathways.

  4. One-Pot Synthesis of Hierarchical Flower-Like Pd-Cu Alloy Support on Graphene Towards Ethanol Oxidation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jingyi; Feng, Anni; Bai, Jie; Tan, Zhibing; Shao, Wenyao; Yang, Yang; Hong, Wenjing; Xiao, Zongyuan

    2017-09-02

    The synergetic effect of alloy and morphology of nanocatalysts play critical roles towards ethanol electrooxidation. In this work, we developed a novel electrocatalyst fabricated by one-pot synthesis of hierarchical flower-like palladium (Pd)-copper (Cu) alloy nanocatalysts supported on reduced graphene oxide (Pd-Cu(F)/RGO) for direct ethanol fuel cells. The structures of the catalysts were characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS). The as-synthesized Pd-Cu(F)/RGO nanocatalyst was found to exhibit higher electrocatalytic performances towards ethanol electrooxidation reaction in alkaline medium in contrast with RGO-supported Pd nanocatalyst and commercial Pd black catalyst in alkaline electrolyte, which could be attributed to the formation of alloy and the morphology of nanoparticles. The high performance of nanocatalyst reveals the great potential of the structure design of the supporting materials for the future fabrication of nanocatalysts.

  5. One-Pot Synthesis of Hierarchical Flower-Like Pd-Cu Alloy Support on Graphene Towards Ethanol Oxidation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jingyi; Feng, Anni; Bai, Jie; Tan, Zhibing; Shao, Wenyao; Yang, Yang; Hong, Wenjing; Xiao, Zongyuan

    2017-09-01

    The synergetic effect of alloy and morphology of nanocatalysts play critical roles towards ethanol electrooxidation. In this work, we developed a novel electrocatalyst fabricated by one-pot synthesis of hierarchical flower-like palladium (Pd)-copper (Cu) alloy nanocatalysts supported on reduced graphene oxide (Pd-Cu(F)/RGO) for direct ethanol fuel cells. The structures of the catalysts were characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS). The as-synthesized Pd-Cu(F)/RGO nanocatalyst was found to exhibit higher electrocatalytic performances towards ethanol electrooxidation reaction in alkaline medium in contrast with RGO-supported Pd nanocatalyst and commercial Pd black catalyst in alkaline electrolyte, which could be attributed to the formation of alloy and the morphology of nanoparticles. The high performance of nanocatalyst reveals the great potential of the structure design of the supporting materials for the future fabrication of nanocatalysts.

  6. Eco-friendly one-pot synthesis of highly dispersible functionalized graphene nanosheets with free amino groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zhiting; Duan, Xuezhi; Qian, Gang; Zhou, Xinggui; Yuan, Weikang

    2013-02-01

    An eco-friendly, facile and scalable hydrothermal approach, in which the reduction and functionalization of graphite oxide (GO) are completed in one pot, is proposed for the synthesis of monolayer 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES)-functionalized graphenes (A-FGs). Atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction analyses indicate that the as-synthesized A-FGs consist of only one or a few layered graphenes, while x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis reveal that APTES is bonded to graphene by the dehydration reaction between the Si-OH (produced by APTES hydration) and the -OH on the GO surface. As a result, free amino groups are left on the A-FGs. Moreover, A-FGs are highly dispersible in dimethylsulfoxide, APTES and ethylene glycol, and their solubilities are up to 0.89, 4.03 and 0.90 mg ml-1, respectively.

  7. Thiophene-forming one-pot synthesis of three thienyl-bridged oligophenothiazines and their electronic properties.

    PubMed

    Urselmann, Dominik; Deilhof, Konstantin; Mayer, Bernhard; Müller, Thomas J J

    2016-01-01

    The pseudo five-component Sonogashira-Glaser cyclization synthesis of symmetrically 2,5-diaryl-substituted thiophenes is excellently suited to access thienyl-bridged oligophenothiazines in a one-pot fashion. Three thienyl-bridged systems were intensively studied by UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy as well as by cyclic voltammetry. The oxidation proceeds with lower oxidation potentials and consistently reversible oxidations can be identified. The Stokes shifts are large and substantial fluorescence quantum yields can be measured. Computational chemistry indicates lowest energy conformers with sigmoidal and helical structure, similar to oligophenothiazines. TD-DFT and even semiempirical ZINDO calculations reproduce the trends of longest wavelengths absorption bands and allow the assignment of these transitions to possess largely charge-transfer character from the adjacent phenothiazinyl moieties to the central thienyl unit.

  8. Thiophene-forming one-pot synthesis of three thienyl-bridged oligophenothiazines and their electronic properties

    PubMed Central

    Urselmann, Dominik; Deilhof, Konstantin; Mayer, Bernhard

    2016-01-01

    Summary The pseudo five-component Sonogashira–Glaser cyclization synthesis of symmetrically 2,5-diaryl-substituted thiophenes is excellently suited to access thienyl-bridged oligophenothiazines in a one-pot fashion. Three thienyl-bridged systems were intensively studied by UV–vis and fluorescence spectroscopy as well as by cyclic voltammetry. The oxidation proceeds with lower oxidation potentials and consistently reversible oxidations can be identified. The Stokes shifts are large and substantial fluorescence quantum yields can be measured. Computational chemistry indicates lowest energy conformers with sigmoidal and helical structure, similar to oligophenothiazines. TD-DFT and even semiempirical ZINDO calculations reproduce the trends of longest wavelengths absorption bands and allow the assignment of these transitions to possess largely charge-transfer character from the adjacent phenothiazinyl moieties to the central thienyl unit. PMID:27829911

  9. One-Pot Aqueous Synthesis of Nucleoside-Templated Fluorescent Copper Nanoclusters and Their Application for Discrimination of Nucleosides.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yong; Chen, Tianxia; Zhuang, Qianfen; Ni, Yongnian

    2017-09-05

    A facile, one-pot synthetic method has been proposed to prepare water-soluble fluorescent copper nanoclusters (CuNCs) templated by nucleosides. The nucleoside-templated fluorescent CuNCs were further characterized by using various analytical techniques, such as transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and fluorescence spectroscopy. The role of various reactants such as ascorbic acid, nucleoside, and citrate buffer in the synthesis process of fluorescent CuNCs was explored. The results showed that nucleoside and ascorbic acid were very likey to respectively act as a stabilizer and a reductant to form nanoclusters, and citrate buffer acted as both pH regulator solution and a reducing agent. The fluorescence spectra of various nucleoside-templated CuNCs were finally combined with multivariate chemometrics analysis for discrimination of different nucleosides.

  10. One-pot green synthesis of N-doped carbon quantum dots for cell nucleus labelling and copper (Ⅱ) detection.

    PubMed

    Ci, Jiliang; Tian, Ye; Kuga, Shigenori; Niu, Zhongwei; Wu, Min; Huang, Yong

    2017-09-21

    The doping of nitrogen into carbon quantum dots was vitally important for improvement of fluorescence performance. However, the synthesis of nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (N-CQDs) was usually conducted under strong acid and high temperature, which would result in the environmental pollution and energy consumption. Herein, the N-CQDs were prepared by a mild one-pot hydrothermal process. The hydrothermal reaction temperature was adjusted to control the particle size, N/C atomic ratio and quantum yield. The products were water-soluble with narrow particle size distribution and good dispersion stability in wide pH range. The N-CQDs could penetrate into HeLa cell nucleus without any further functionalization. Moreover, the fluorescence of N-CQDs could be selectively quenched by Cu2+, suggesting application of detecting Cu2+ in human plasma. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  11. One-pot synthesis of MWW zeolite nanosheets using a rationally designed organic structure-directing agent

    PubMed Central

    Luo, Helen Y.; Michaelis, Vladimir K.; Hodges, Sydney; Griffin, Robert G.

    2015-01-01

    A new material MIT-1 comprised of delaminated MWW zeolite nanosheets is synthesized in one-pot using a rationally designed organic structure-directing agent (OSDA). The OSDA is comprised of a hydrophilic head segment that resembles the OSDA used to synthesize the zeolite precursor MCM22(P), a hydrophobic tail segment that resembles the swelling agent used to swell MCM22(P), and a di-quaternary ammonium linker that connects both segments. MIT-1 features high crystallinity and surface areas exceeding 500 m2g−1, and can be synthesized over a wide synthesis window that includes Si/Al ratios ranging from 13 to 67. Characterization data reveal high mesoporosity and acid strength with no detectable amorphous silica phases. Compared to MCM-22 and MCM-56, MIT-1 shows a three-fold increase in catalytic activity for the Friedel-Crafts alkylation of benzene with benzyl alcohol. PMID:26478803

  12. One-pot synthesis of MnO2-chitin hybrids for effective removal of methylene blue.

    PubMed

    Dassanayake, Rohan S; Rajakaruna, Erandathi; Moussa, Hanna; Abidi, Noureddine

    2016-12-01

    Manganese dioxide (MnO2)-chitin-hybrid material was prepared by a facile "one-pot" synthesis method. MnO2-chitin hybrid was used for the effective removal of methylene blue (MB) from liquid solution as model for wastewater treatment. The hybrid obtained was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis. The effect of pH and temperature were studied. MnO2-chitin hybrid showed high performance for oxidative decolorization and removal of MB. Typically, 25mL of MB (20mg/L) can be completely decolorized in 2.5min with 8.5mg of the MnO2-chitin hybrid. The hybrid material exhibited excellent recyclability and durability with the degradation value of 99% for MB after ten consecutive cycles.

  13. Solventless and One-Pot Synthesis of Cu(II) Phthalocyanine Complex: A Green Chemistry Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharma, R. K.; Sharma, Chetna; Sidhwani, Indu Tucker

    2011-01-01

    With the growing awareness of green chemistry, it is increasingly important for students to understand this concept in the context of laboratory experiments. Although microwave-assisted organic synthesis has become a common and invaluable technique in recent years, there have been few procedures published for microwave-assisted inorganic synthesis…

  14. Solventless and One-Pot Synthesis of Cu(II) Phthalocyanine Complex: A Green Chemistry Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharma, R. K.; Sharma, Chetna; Sidhwani, Indu Tucker

    2011-01-01

    With the growing awareness of green chemistry, it is increasingly important for students to understand this concept in the context of laboratory experiments. Although microwave-assisted organic synthesis has become a common and invaluable technique in recent years, there have been few procedures published for microwave-assisted inorganic synthesis…

  15. Novel ultrasound-promoted parallel synthesis of trifluoroatrolactamide library via a one-pot Passerini/hydrolysis reaction sequence and their fungicidal activities.

    PubMed

    Yu, Shu-Jing; Zhu, Cong; Bian, Qiang; Cui, Can; Du, Xiu-Jiang; Li, Zheng-Ming; Zhao, Wei-Guang

    2014-01-13

    An ultrasound-promoted one-pot Passerini/hydrolysis reaction sequence has been developed for the synthesis of trifluoroatrolactamide derivatives using a diverse range of trifluoroacetophenones and isonitriles in acetic acid. Parallel synthesis in a centrifuge tube using a noncontact ultrasonic cell crusher was used in this study as an efficient method for the rapid generation of combinatorial trifluoroatrolactamide libraries, and subsequent biochemical evaluation of the resulting compounds indicated that they possessed excellent broad-spectrum fungicidal activities. N-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-(4-ethylphenyl)-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-hydroxypropanamide and N-(4-chlorophenyl)-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)propanamide, in particular, showed significant fungicidal activities against all of the fungal species tested in the current study.

  16. Novel one-pot synthesis of magnetite latex nanoparticles by ultrasound irradiation.

    PubMed

    Teo, Boon M; Chen, Fei; Hatton, T Alan; Grieser, Franz; Ashokkumar, Muthupandian

    2009-03-03

    A simple and efficacious procedure for the synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles has been achieved via a sonochemical miniemulsion polymerization process. The sonochemically synthesized magnetite encapsulated polymer latex particles exhibit excellent colloidal stability and strong magnetic properties, and are of a size that makes them technologically relevant. This novel method may be readily extended to the preparation of multiple combinations of different polymers and encapsulated materials.

  17. One Pot Synthesis of a Polyisoprene Polyrotaxane and Conversion to a Slide-Ring Gel.

    PubMed

    Kali, Gergely; Eisenbarth, Harley; Wenz, Gerhard

    2015-10-20

    Synthesis of a cyclodextrin (CD) polyrotaxane is achieved for the first time by simultaneous free radical polymerization of isoprene, threading by CD, and stoppering by copolymerization of styrene. This reaction is performed in an eco-friendly manner in an aqueous medium similar to classical emulsion polymerization. Threaded CD rings of the polyrotaxane are cross-linked by hexamethylene diisocyanate, leading to highly elastic slide-ring gels.

  18. Simplified one-pot synthesis of [.sup.18F]SFB for radiolabeling

    SciTech Connect

    Olma, Sebastian; Shen, Clifton Kwang-Fu

    2013-07-16

    A non-aqueous single pot synthesis of [.sup.18F]SFB is set forth. The [.sup.18F]SFB produced with this method is then used, for example, to label a peptide or an engineered antibody fragment (diabody) targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) as representative examples of labeled compounds for use as an injectable composition to locate abnormal tissue, specifically tumors within an animal or human using a PET scan.

  19. Simplified one-pot synthesis of [.sup.18F]SFB for radiolabeling

    SciTech Connect

    Olma, Sebastian; Shen, Clifton Kwang-Fu

    2015-08-04

    A non-aqueous single pot synthesis of [.sup.18F]SFB is set forth. The [.sup.18F]SFB produced with this method is then used, for example, to label a peptide or an engineered antibody fragment (diabody) targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) as representative examples of labeled compounds for use as an injectable composition to locate abnormal tissue, specifically tumors within an animal or human using a PET scan.

  20. One-pot green synthesis of biocompatible arginine-stabilized magnetic nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Zhongjun; Zhu, Hui; Wang, Xiaolei; Yang, Fan; Yang, Xiurong

    2009-11-01

    A green one-step approach has been developed for the synthesis of amino-functionalized magnetite nanoparticles. The synthesis was accomplished by simply mixing FeCl2 with arginine under ambient conditions. It was found that the Fe2+/arginine molar ratio, reaction duration and temperature greatly influence the size, morphology and composition of magnetic nanoparticles. The arginine-stabilized magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy techniques. The results show that the prepared nanoparticles are spherically shaped with a nearly uniform size distribution and pure magnetite phase. The presence of arginine on the magnetic nanoparticle surface has been confirmed and the amount of surface arginine varies with the Fe2+/arginine molar ratio. The surface amine densities are calculated to be 5.60 and 7.84 µmol mg-1 for magnetic nanoparticles prepared at 1:1 and 1:2 Fe2+/arginine molar ratio, respectively. The as-synthesized nanoparticles show superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature and good solubility in water. In addition, using a similar synthesis procedure, we have been able to synthesize superparamagnetic manganese and cobalt ferrite nanoparticles.

  1. One-pot synthesis of silicon based nanoparticles with incorporated phthalocyanine for long-term bioimaging and photo-dynamic therapy of tumors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jiaojiao; Wang, Rui; Wu, Sicong; Yuan, Bing; Bao, Meimei; Li, Jingliang; Dou, Yujiang; He, Yao; Yang, Kai

    2017-03-01

    Combining the merits of delivery vectors with drug molecules is one of the key directions for development of efficient cancer monitoring and treatment techniques. In this work, a novel type of silicon based composite nanoparticles (NPs) with incorporated hydrophobic phthalocyanine molecules (Pc) was synthesized via a facile one-pot method. The as-synthesized Pc@Si NPs, with a small size of 4.2 ± 0.8 nm, have excellent dispersibility in water and good biocompatibility with cells, in addition to favorable photoluminescence and robust photostability even in cells. Moreover, the Pc@Si NPs show significant in vitro cancer cell killing and in vivo tumor inhibiting abilities upon near-infrared light exposure, due to the photodynamic therapy (PDT) effect of Pc. This work develops an efficient fluorescent PDT drug carrier; moreover, the facile one-pot synthesis strategy may be used generally to prepare silicon-based composite NPs incorporated with diverse hydrophobic drugs/diagnostic molecules for a wide range of biomedical applications.

  2. One-pot synthesis of silicon based nanoparticles with incorporated phthalocyanine for long-term bioimaging and photo-dynamic therapy of tumors.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jiaojiao; Wang, Rui; Wu, Sicong; Yuan, Bing; Bao, Meimei; Li, Jingliang; Dou, Yujiang; He, Yao; Yang, Kai

    2017-03-01

    Combining the merits of delivery vectors with drug molecules is one of the key directions for development of efficient cancer monitoring and treatment techniques. In this work, a novel type of silicon based composite nanoparticles (NPs) with incorporated hydrophobic phthalocyanine molecules (Pc) was synthesized via a facile one-pot method. The as-synthesized Pc@Si NPs, with a small size of 4.2 ± 0.8 nm, have excellent dispersibility in water and good biocompatibility with cells, in addition to favorable photoluminescence and robust photostability even in cells. Moreover, the Pc@Si NPs show significant in vitro cancer cell killing and in vivo tumor inhibiting abilities upon near-infrared light exposure, due to the photodynamic therapy (PDT) effect of Pc. This work develops an efficient fluorescent PDT drug carrier; moreover, the facile one-pot synthesis strategy may be used generally to prepare silicon-based composite NPs incorporated with diverse hydrophobic drugs/diagnostic molecules for a wide range of biomedical applications.

  3. One-Pot Trimetallic Relay Catalysis: A Unified Approach for the Synthesis of β-Carbolines and Other [c]-Fused Pyridines.

    PubMed

    Dhiman, Seema; Mishra, Uttam K; Ramasastry, S S V

    2016-06-27

    A divergent strategy is presented for the synthesis of 1,3-di- and 1,3,4-trisubstituted β-carbolines through an unprecedented one-pot triple-orthogonal-metal relay catalysis, and 1,3-disubstituted 4-hydroxy-β-carbolines through a one-pot bimetallic relay catalysis from readily accessible 3-(2-aminophenyl)-5-hexenyn-3-ols. These strategies were elaborated to enable the synthesis of benzofuro[2,3-c]pyridines, benzothieno[2,3-c]pyridines, and isoquinolines, which otherwise require multistep synthesis.

  4. Designation of highly efficient catalysts for one pot conversion of glycerol to lactic acid

    PubMed Central

    Tao, Meilin; Dan Zhang; Guan, Hongyu; Huang, Guohui; Wang, Xiaohong

    2016-01-01

    Production of lactic acid from glycerol is a cascade catalytic procedure using multifunctional catalysts combined with oxidative and acidic catalytic sites. Therefore, a series of silver-exchanged phosphomolybdic acid catalysts (AgxH3−xPMo12O40, x = 1 ~ 3, abbreviated as AgxPMo) was designed and applied in glycerol oxidation with O2 as an oxidant to produce lactic acid (LA) without adding any base. Among all, total silver exchanged phosphomolybdic acid (Ag3PMo) was found to be the most active one with LA selectivity of 93% at 99% conversion under mild conditions of 5 h at 60 °C. The exceptionally high efficiency was contributed to the generation of strong Lewis acid sites, enhanced redox potentials and water-tolerance. More importantly, Ag3PMo was tolerant in crude glycerol from biodiesel production. And the reaction mechanism was also discussed. Meanwhile, Ag3PMo acted as a heterogeneous catalyst for 12 recycles without loss of activity. PMID:27431610

  5. Designation of highly efficient catalysts for one pot conversion of glycerol to lactic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Meilin; Dan Zhang; Guan, Hongyu; Huang, Guohui; Wang, Xiaohong

    2016-07-01

    Production of lactic acid from glycerol is a cascade catalytic procedure using multifunctional catalysts combined with oxidative and acidic catalytic sites. Therefore, a series of silver-exchanged phosphomolybdic acid catalysts (AgxH3‑xPMo12O40, x = 1 ~ 3, abbreviated as AgxPMo) was designed and applied in glycerol oxidation with O2 as an oxidant to produce lactic acid (LA) without adding any base. Among all, total silver exchanged phosphomolybdic acid (Ag3PMo) was found to be the most active one with LA selectivity of 93% at 99% conversion under mild conditions of 5 h at 60 °C. The exceptionally high efficiency was contributed to the generation of strong Lewis acid sites, enhanced redox potentials and water-tolerance. More importantly, Ag3PMo was tolerant in crude glycerol from biodiesel production. And the reaction mechanism was also discussed. Meanwhile, Ag3PMo acted as a heterogeneous catalyst for 12 recycles without loss of activity.

  6. Facile one-pot synthesis of gold and silver nanocatalysts using edible coconut oil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meena Kumari, M.; Philip, Daizy

    2013-07-01

    The use of edible oil for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles by wet chemical method is reported for the first time. The paper presents an environmentally benign bottom up approach for the synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using edible coconut oil at 373 K. The formation of silver nanoparticles is signaled by the brownish yellow color and that of gold nanoparticles by the purple color. Fine control over the nanoparticle size and shape from triangular to nearly spherical is achieved by varying the quantity of coconut oil. The nanoparticles have been characterized by UV-Visible, Transmission Electron Microscopy and X-ray Diffraction. The chemical interaction of capping agents with metal nanoparticles is manifested using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. The stable and crystalline nanoparticles obtained using this simple method show remarkable size-dependent catalytic activity in the reduction of the cationic dye methylene blue (MB) to leuco methylene blue (LMB). The first order rate constants calculated uphold the size dependent catalytic activity of the synthesized nanoparticles.

  7. Robust one pot synthesis of colloidal silver nanoparticles by simple redox method and absorbance recovered sensing.

    PubMed

    Salman, Muhammad; Iqbal, Mahwish; El Ashry, El Sayed H; Kanwal, Shamsa

    2012-01-01

    Conventional synthesis of silver nanoparticles employs a reducing agent and a capping agent. In this report water-soluble silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were prepared facilely by chemical reduction of Ag(I) ions. 4-Amino-3-(d-gluco-pentitol-1-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1,2,4-triazole-5-thione (AGTT) was used both as reducing and stabilizing agent. Direct heating methodology was found to be more suitable for achieving particles with a hydrodynamic diameter of ~20 nm. AGTT exists as tautomer in solution form and our studies indicate that -NH(2) group is involved in the reduction and stabilization of Ag(+) and thione (Δ=S) group of AGTT is possibly involved in stabilizing the nanoparticles via coordinate covalent linkage. Characterization of synthesized silver nanoparticles was performed by UV-vis, FT-IR and by FESEM. Based on the absorption properties of synthesized AgNPs, we used AgNPs to detect bovine serum albumin (BSA) and AgNPs-BSA composite nanoprobe was further applied to detect Cu(2+) based on absorbance recovery. The proposed method has advantages over existing methods in terms of rapid synthesis and stability of AgNPs and their applications. Analysis is reproducible, cost effective and highly sensitive. The lowest detectable concentration of BSA in this approach is 3 nM, and for Cu(2+) it can detect upto 200 pM.

  8. Facile one-pot synthesis of gold and silver nanocatalysts using edible coconut oil.

    PubMed

    Meena Kumari, M; Philip, Daizy

    2013-07-01

    The use of edible oil for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles by wet chemical method is reported for the first time. The paper presents an environmentally benign bottom up approach for the synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using edible coconut oil at 373 K. The formation of silver nanoparticles is signaled by the brownish yellow color and that of gold nanoparticles by the purple color. Fine control over the nanoparticle size and shape from triangular to nearly spherical is achieved by varying the quantity of coconut oil. The nanoparticles have been characterized by UV-Visible, Transmission Electron Microscopy and X-ray Diffraction. The chemical interaction of capping agents with metal nanoparticles is manifested using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. The stable and crystalline nanoparticles obtained using this simple method show remarkable size-dependent catalytic activity in the reduction of the cationic dye methylene blue (MB) to leuco methylene blue (LMB). The first order rate constants calculated uphold the size dependent catalytic activity of the synthesized nanoparticles.

  9. Low toxicity superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles: One-pot facile green synthesis for biological applications.

    PubMed

    Jalil, W B F; Pentón-Madrigal, A; Mello, A; Carneiro, F A; Soares, R M; Baptista, L S; Sinnecker, J P; de Oliveira, L A S

    2017-09-01

    Superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles have been synthesized by a highly reproducible polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-based modified sol-gel process using water as the only solvent. The synthesis method has proven to be effective, time and cost saving and environmental friendly, resulting in PVA-coated magnetite nanoparticles as direct product from the synthesis, without any special atmosphere or further thermal treatment. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy revealed that the biocompatible PVA-coating prevents the nanoparticle agglomeration, giving rise to spherical crystals with sizes of 6.8nm (as-cast) and 9.5nm (heat treated) with great control over size and shape with narrow size distribution. Complementary compositional and magnetic characterizations were employed in order to study the surface chemistry and magnetic behavior of the samples, respectively. Cytotoxicity endpoints including no observed adverse effect concentration (NOAEC), 50% lethal concentration (LC50) and total lethal concentration (TLC) of the tested materials on cell viability were determined after 3, 24 and 48h of exposure. The PVA coating improved the biocompatibility of the synthesized magnetite nanoparticles showing good cell viability and low cytotoxicity effects on the MTT assay performed on BHK cells. Preliminary assessment of nanoparticles in vivo effects, performed after 48h on Balb/c mice, exposed to a range of different sub-lethal doses, showed their capacity to penetrate in liver and kidneys with no significant morphological alterations in both organs. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Synthesis of Quaternary Ammonium Salts of Tricyclic Cationic Drugs: A One-Pot Synthesis for the Bioorganic Chemistry Laboratory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunauer, Linda S.; Mogannam, Abid C.; Hwee, Won B.; Chen, James Y.

    2007-01-01

    A one-pot conversion of tricyclic cationic drugs to their quaternary ammonium forms is described for a widely used bioactive drug: chlorpromazine, a phenothiazine-based antipsychotic. After conversion to its free base, the parent drug was methylated using substoichiometric amounts of methyl iodide dissolved in ether; the charged quaternary…

  11. Synthesis of Quaternary Ammonium Salts of Tricyclic Cationic Drugs: A One-Pot Synthesis for the Bioorganic Chemistry Laboratory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunauer, Linda S.; Mogannam, Abid C.; Hwee, Won B.; Chen, James Y.

    2007-01-01

    A one-pot conversion of tricyclic cationic drugs to their quaternary ammonium forms is described for a widely used bioactive drug: chlorpromazine, a phenothiazine-based antipsychotic. After conversion to its free base, the parent drug was methylated using substoichiometric amounts of methyl iodide dissolved in ether; the charged quaternary…

  12. One-pot synthesis of a gold nanoparticle-Vmh2 hydrophobin nanobiocomplex for glucose monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Politi, Jane; De Stefano, Luca; Rea, Ilaria; Gravagnuolo, Alfredo Maria; Giardina, Paola; Methivier, Christophe; Casale, Sandra; Spadavecchia, Jolanda

    2016-05-01

    HydrophobinVmh2 is a small amphiphilic protein, which self-assembles on different surfaces and naturally interacts with glucose. Here, we report on the synthesis of a nanobiocomplex made of polyethylene glycol, Vmh2 and gold nanoparticles by a one-step process and on its ability to recognise glucose in an aqueous solution at 0.3-0.6-1.2 mg ml-1 concentrations. Even though the Vmh2 proteins are intrinsically bonded to the gold core, effective glucose interaction monitoring was demonstrated by using dynamic light scattering, ultraviolet-visible, polarization-modulated infrared reflection-absorption and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopies. Experimental results highlighted an affinity constant of 7.3 ± 0.3 mg ml-1 between the nanobiosystem and the sugar, and a detection sensitivity of 0.13 ± 0.06 a.u./mg ml-1.

  13. Sonoelectrochemical one-pot synthesis of Pt - Carbon black nanocomposite PEMFC electrocatalyst.

    PubMed

    Karousos, Dionysios S; Desdenakis, Kostantinos I; Sakkas, Petros M; Sourkouni, Georgia; Pollet, Bruno G; Argirusis, Christos

    2017-03-01

    Simultaneous electrocatalytic Pt-nanoparticle synthesis and decoration of Vulcan XC-72 carbon black substrate was achieved in a novel one-step-process, combining galvanostatic pulsed electrodeposition and pulsed ultrasonication with high power, low-frequency (20kHz) ultrasound. Aqueous chloroplatinic acid precursor baths, as well as carbon black suspensions in the former, were examined and decoration was proven by a combination of characterization methods, namely: dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy with EDX-analysis and cyclic voltammetry. In particular, PVP was shown to have a beneficial stabilizing effect against free nanoparticle aggregation, ensuring narrow size distributions of the nanoparticles synthesized, but is also postulated to prevent the establishment of a strong metal-substrate interaction. Current pulse amplitude was identified as the most critical nanoparticle size-determining parameters, while only small size particles, under 10nm, appeared to be attached to carbon black. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Microwave irradiation assisted, one pot synthesis of simple and complex metal oxide nanoparticles: a general approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brahma, Sanjaya; Liu, Chuan-Pu; Shivashankar, S. A.

    2017-10-01

    We demonstrate a standard approach for the growth of binary/ternary metal oxide nanostructures within 5 min at a low temperature (<100 °C) by using metal acetylacetonates as the starting precursor material and microwave as the source of energy in the presence/absence of a surfactant. Nanoparticles of some functionally advanced binary/ternary metal oxides (MnO2, Fe2O3, NiO, CdO, Ga2O3, Gd2O3, ZnFe2O4, ZnMn2O4) are synthesized and the structure/microstructure is analyzed to ensure the phase and crystallinity. This synthesis procedure can be extended to the large scale production of many other simple and complex metal oxides.

  15. One pot sono-chemical synthesis of 2D layered MoS{sub 2} nanosheets

    SciTech Connect

    Kapatel, Sanni; Sumesh, C. K.

    2016-05-06

    Two-dimensional nanocrystals and monolayer of transition metal dichalcogenides show fascinating changes in its properties such as transition from direct to the indirect bandgap material. Due to light interaction with these monolayers optical absorption is enhanced in visible range a lot. Here, we report the synthesis of molybdenum disulphide (MoS{sub 2}) nanocrystals through a time dependent sono-chemical liquid exfoliation method and its structural and optical analysis. The prepared nanocrystals of MoS{sub 2} have exhibited high crystalline quality with strong diffraction to the (002) plane at 14.44° in the X-ray diffractrogram. It was observed that the concentration of nanocrystals in the dispersion inclined by increasing the sonication time. The optical absorption study revealed an optical band gap of 1.84 eV.

  16. One-pot synthesis of doxorubicin-loaded multiresponsive nanogels based on hyperbranched polyglycerol.

    PubMed

    Sousa-Herves, Ana; Wedepohl, Stefanie; Calderón, Marcelo

    2015-03-28

    Doxorubicin-loaded nanogels with multiresponsive properties are prepared using hyperbranched polyglycerol as a biocompatible scaffold. The nanogels are synthesized in a single step combining free-radical polymerization and a mild nanoprecipitation technique. The nanogels respond to different biological stimuli such as low pH and reductive environments, resulting in a more efficient cell proliferation inhibition in A549 cells.

  17. Zinc-oxide-silica-silver nanocomposite: Unique one-pot synthesis and enhanced catalytic and anti-bacterial performance.

    PubMed

    Kokate, Mangesh; Garadkar, Kalyanrao; Gole, Anand

    2016-12-01

    We describe herein a unique approach to synthesize zinc oxide-silica-silver (ZnO-SiO2-Ag) nanocomposite, in a simple, one-pot process. The typical process for ZnO synthesis by alkaline precipitation of zinc salts has been tweaked to replace alkali by alkaline sodium silicate. The free acid from zinc salts helps in the synthesis of silica nanoparticles, whereas the alkalinity of sodium silicate precipitates the zinc salts. Addition of silver ions into the reaction pot prior to addition of sodium silicate, and subsequent reduction by borohydride, gives additional functionality of metallic centres for catalytic applications. The synthesis strategy is based on our recent work typically involving acid-base type of cross-reactions and demonstrates a novel strategy to synthesize nanocomposites in a one-pot approach. Each component in the composite offers a unique feature. ZnO besides displaying mild catalytic and anti-bacterial behaviour is an excellent and a cheap 3-D support for heterogeneous catalysis. Silver nanoparticles enhance the catalytic & anti-bacterial properties of ZnO. Silica is an important part of the composite; which not only "glues" the two nanoparticles thereby stabilizing the nanocomposite, but also significantly enhances the surface area of the composite; which is an attractive feature of any catalyst composite. The nanocomposite is found to show excellent catalytic performance with very high turnover frequencies (TOFs) when studied for catalytic reduction of Rhodamine B (RhB) and 4-Nitrophenol (4-NP). Additionally, the composite has been tested for its anti-bacterial properties on three different bacterial strains i.e. E. coli, B. Cereus and Bacillus firmus. The mechanism for enhancement of catalytic performance has been probed by understanding the role of silica in offering accessibility to the catalyst via its porous high surface area network. The nanocomposite has been characterized by a host of different analytical techniques. The uniqueness of

  18. One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of magnetically recoverable palladium/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites and its catalytic applications in cross-coupling reactions.

    PubMed

    Fu, Wenzhi; Zhang, Zhuqing; Zhuang, Peiyuan; Shen, Jianfeng; Ye, Mingxin

    2017-07-01

    A facile, green, economical approach was designed to deposit palladium nanoparticles on magnetic reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Pd-Fe3O4/rGO) via a one-pot hydrothermal synthesis method. The prepared Pd-Fe3O4/rGO nanocomposites were thoroughly characterized by Transmission electron microscopy, Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. Importantly, the highly efficient catalytic property of the as-obtained Pd-Fe3O4/rGO catalyst was demonstrated for the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction and Mizoroki-Heck coupling reaction. Significantly, the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions could be efficiently performed in an environmentally friendly aqueous solution with no need for further additives. Besides, the nanocomposites could be conveniently separated from reaction system with an external permanent magnet for recycling and the inherent catalytic activity of the nanocomposites did not exacerbate after six repeated applications.

  19. Synthesis of trimethoxy- or triethoxysilane-endcapped polylactones via a bismuth(III)hexanoate-catalyzed one-pot-procedure.

    PubMed

    Kricheldorf, Hans R; Hachmann-Thiessen, Heiko; Schwarz, Gert

    2006-01-01

    It was shown that bismuth(III)hexanoate (Bi(OHex)3) efficiently and selectively catalyzes the addition of tetra(ethylene glycol) (TEG) onto the isocyanate group of 3-isocyanatopropyl triethoxysilane, IPTES. delta-Valerolactone (deltaVL), epsilon-caprolactone (epsilonCL) and D,L-lactide were polymerized by initiation with TEG/Bi(OHex)3. The resulting telechelic polyesters were in situ functionalized with IPTES or with 3-isocyanatopropyl trimethoxysilane, IPTMS. Using pentaerythritol as co-initiator of Bi(OHex)3 and epsilonCL as monomer, star-shaped polylactones having triethylsilyl end-groups were synthesized in a one-pot-procedure. All functionalized polyesters were characterized by 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectroscopy and by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Bi(OHex)3 is a remarkable initiator and catalyst, because of its extraordinary low toxicity.

  20. Facile, one-pot synthesis, and antibacterial activity of mesoporous silica nanoparticles decorated with well-dispersed silver nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Tian, Yue; Qi, Juanjuan; Zhang, Wei; Cai, Qiang; Jiang, Xingyu

    2014-08-13

    In this study, we exploit a facile, one-pot method to prepare MCM-41 type mesoporous silica nanoparticles decorated with silver nanoparticles (Ag-MSNs). Silver nanoparticles with diameter of 2-10 nm are highly dispersed in the framework of mesoporous silica nanoparticles. These Ag-MSNs possess an enhanced antibacterial effect against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria by preventing the aggregation of silver nanoparticles and continuously releasing silver ions for one month. The cytotoxicity assay indicates that the effective antibacterial concentration of Ag-MSNs shows little effect on human cells. This report describes an efficient and economical route to synthesize mesoporous silica nanoparticles with uniform silver nanoparticles, and these nanoparticles show promising applications as antibiotics.

  1. Continuous, One-pot Synthesis and Post-Synthetic Modification of NanoMOFs Using Droplet Nanoreactors

    SciTech Connect

    Jambovane, Sachin R.; Nune, Satish K.; Kelly, Ryan T.; McGrail, B. Peter; Wang, Zheming; Nandasiri, Manjula I.; Katipamula, Shanta; Trader, Cameron; Schaef, Herbert T.

    2016-11-08

    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs); also known as porous coordination polymers (PCP) are a class of porous crystalline materials constructed by connecting metal clusters via organic linkers. The possibility of functionalization leads to virtually infinite MOF designs using generic modular methods. Functionalized MOFs can exhibit interesting physical and chemical properties including accelerated adsorption kinetics and catalysis. Although there are discrete methods to synthesize well-defined nanoscale MOFs, rapid and flexible methods are not available for continuous, one-pot synthesis and post synthesis modification (functionalization) of MOFs. Here, we show a continuous, scalable nanodroplet-based microfluidic route that not only facilitates the synthesis of MOFs at nanoscale, but also offers flexibility for direct functionalization with desired functional groups (e.g., -NH2, -COCH3, fluorescein isothiocyanate; FITC). In addition, the presented route of continuous manufacturing of functionalized MOFs takes significantly less time compared to state-of-the-art batch methods currently available (1 hr vs. several days). We envisage our approach to be a breakthrough method for synthesizing complex functionalized nanomaterials (metal, metal oxides, quantum dots and MOFs) that are not accessible by direct batch processing, and expand the range of a new class of functionalized MOF-based functional nanomaterials.

  2. Facile one pot synthesis of PbS nanosheets and their characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shkir, Mohd.; AlFaify, S.; Ganesh, V.; Yahia, I. S.

    2017-08-01

    Metal-sulfides semiconductor nanosheets are talented entrant to be applied in electro-optic devices. Hence, the synthesis of PbS nanosheets is achieved in the current work using a simple route. The synthesized nanosheets were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), FT-Raman, scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-Visible, Photoluminescence (PL) and impedance spectroscopy techniques. XRD pattern and Raman spectrum confirms the formation of crystalline structure of PbS nanosheets. SEM study shows that the synthesized PbS is well defined nanosheets of <5 nm thicknesses. The absorption band edge is found to be remarkably blue shifted in nanosheets compare to bulk. The energy gap is calculated to be 1.16 eV which is about 3 times superior than the bulk value (0.41 eV). The enhancement of band gap indicates the occurrence of quantum confinement effect in PbS nanosheets. A strong violet emission band at ∼405 nm is observed in PL spectrum which is assigned to electrons transition from conduction-band edge to holes, ensnared at interstitial Pb2+ sites.

  3. Zirconia-based catalyst for the one-pot synthesis of coumarin through Pechmann reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khan, Shahid Ali; Khan, Sher Bahadar; Asiri, Abdullah M.; Ahmad, Ikram

    2016-07-01

    Coumarins play an important role in drug development with diverse biological applications. Herein, we present the synthesis of coumarin through Pechmann reaction by using zirconia-based heterogeneous catalysts (ZrO2-TiO2, ZrO2-ZnO, and ZrO2/cellulose) in a solvent-free condition at room temperature. ZrO2-TiO2, ZrO2-ZnO, and ZrO2/cellulose were identified through spectroscopic techniques such as FESEM, X-ray, EDS, XPS, and FT-IR. ZrO2-TiO2 showed the best catalytic performance while ZrO2/cellulose was inactive. The kinetic parameters were observed in a solvent-free condition as well as in toluene and ethanol. The temperature effect was extensively studied which revealed that increasing the temperature will increase the rate of reaction. The rate of reaction in a solvent-free condition, ethanol, and toluene were 1.7 × 10-3, 1.7 × 10-2, and 5.6 × 10-3 g mol-1 min-1, respectively.

  4. One-pot synthesis of fluorescent polysaccharides: adenine grafted agarose and carrageenan.

    PubMed

    Oza, Mihir D; Prasad, Kamalesh; Siddhanta, A K

    2012-08-01

    New fluorescent polysaccharides were synthesized by grafting the nucleobase adenine on to the backbones of agarose and κ-carrageenan, which were characterized by FT-IR, (13)C NMR, TGA, XRD, UV, and fluorescence properties. The synthesis involved a rapid water based potassium persulfate (KPS) initiated method under microwave irradiation. The emission spectra of adenine grafted agarose and κ-carrageenan were recorded in aqueous (5×10(-5) M) solution, exhibiting λ(em,max) 347 nm by excitation at 261 nm, affording ca. 30% and 40% enhanced emission intensities, respectively compared to that of pure adenine solution in the same concentration. Similar emission intensity was recorded in the pure adenine solution at its molar equivalent concentrations present in the 5×10(-5) M solution of the agarose and carrageenan grafted products, that is, 3.28×10(-5) M and 4.5×10(-5) M respectively. These fluorescent adenine grafted products may have potential utility in various sensor applications.

  5. One pot synthesis and characterization of gold nanocatalyst using Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis) oil: Green approach.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Brajesh; Smita, Kumari; Cumbal, Luis; Debut, Alexis

    2016-05-01

    In this report, a simple and cost-effective methodology has been developed to obtain gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis) oil in the presence of sunlight. The spectroscopic and morphological properties of AuNPs were characterized by using UV-vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), particle size analyzer, and X-ray diffraction (XRD). UV-vis and TEM reveal that the nanostructure of the gold particles has surfaced plasmon resonance at 515-520nm and is almost spherical in shape with an average size of 5-15nm. XRD studies confirmed the face cubic center (fcc) unit cell structure of AuNPs. The as-synthesized AuNPs showed remarkable photocatalytic decomposition of the methylene blue (>75%) without using any reducing agent and weak antioxidant activity (21-16%) against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl at the different sunlight exposure times. The experimental approach is promising and suggested that the sunlight is a good source of energy for enhancement of AuNP synthesis via Sacha inchi oil and its photocatalytic activity.

  6. Rapid Synthesis of Thiophene-Based, Organic Dyes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) by a One-Pot, Four-Component Coupling Approach.

    PubMed

    Matsumura, Keisuke; Yoshizaki, Soichi; Maitani, Masato M; Wada, Yuji; Ogomi, Yuhei; Hayase, Shuzi; Kaiho, Tatsuo; Fuse, Shinichiro; Tanaka, Hiroshi; Takahashi, Takashi

    2015-06-26

    This one-pot, four-component coupling approach (Suzuki-Miyaura coupling/C-H direct arylation/Knoevenagel condensation) was developed for the rapid synthesis of thiophene-based organic dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Seven thiophene-based, organic dyes of various donor structures with/without the use of a 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) moiety were successfully synthesized in good yields based on a readily available thiophene boronic acid pinacol ester scaffold (one-pot, 3-step, 35-61%). Evaluation of the photovoltaic properties of the solar cells that were prepared using the synthesized dyes revealed that the introduction of an EDOT structure beside a cyanoacrylic acid moiety improved the short-circuit current (Jsc) while decreasing the fill factor (FF). The donor structure significantly influenced the open-circuit voltage (Voc), the FF, and the power conversion efficiency (PCE). The use of a n-hexyloxyphenyl amine donor, and our originally developed, rigid, and nonplanar donor, both promoted good cell performance (η=5.2-5.6%). © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  7. A facile one-pot synthesis of colloidal stable, monodisperse, highly PEGylated CuS@mSiO2 nanocomposites for the combination of photothermal therapy and chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Lu, Feng; Wang, Jinfeng; Yang, Lin; Zhu, Jun-Jie

    2015-06-11

    A facile one-pot approach was developed for the synthesis of colloidal stable, monodisperse, highly PEGylated mesoporous silica coated copper sulfide nanocomposites for the combination of photothermal therapy and chemotherapy. The proposed method can also be extended to the synthesis of other metal sulfide nanocomposites.

  8. Inorganic-organic hybrid silica based tin complex as a novel, highly efficient and recyclable heterogeneous catalyst for the one-pot preparation of spirooxindoles in water.

    PubMed

    Ghahremanzadeh, Ramin; Rashid, Zahra; Zarnani, Amir-Hassan; Naeimi, Hossein

    2014-11-14

    In the present study, a tin complex immobilized on silica gel as a novel, green, highly efficient and heterogeneous reusable catalyst was synthesized by grafting 2-amino benzamide onto the silica gel surface as a result of the reaction between isatoic anhydride and 3-aminopropyl-functionalized silica gel, followed by complexing with tin chloride. The resulting organic-inorganic hybrid material was evaluated in the one-pot three-component synthesis of spiro[indoline-pyrazolo[4',3':5,6]pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine]trione derivatives in water via the condensation reaction of isatins, barbituric acids, and 1H-pyrazol-5-amines. All the reactions were completed in short reaction times and all the products were obtained in high to excellent yields with high purity. In addition, the synthesized novel catalyst could be separated from the reaction mixture by simple filtration and can be reused up to seven runs without significant loss in activity.

  9. Superparamagnetic Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles: one-pot synthesis, biofunctionalization and toxicity evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pariti, A.; Desai, P.; Maddirala, S. K. Y.; Ercal, N.; Katti, K. V.; Liang, X.; Nath, M.

    2014-09-01

    Superparamagnetic Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles have been synthesized using a single step hot-injection precipitation method. The synthesis involved using Fe(CO)5 as iron precursor and HAuCl4 as gold precursor in the presence of oleylamine and oleic acid. Oleylamine helps in reducing Au3+ to Au0 seeds which simultaneously oxidizes Fe(0) to form Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles. Triton® X-100 was employed as a highly viscous solvent to prevent agglomeration of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Detailed characterization of these nanoparticles was performed by using x-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning tunneling electron microscopy, UV-visible spectroscopy, Mössbauer and magnetometry studies. To evaluate these nanoparticles’ applicability in biomedical applications, L-cysteine was attached to the Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles and cytotoxicity of Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles was tested using CHO cells by employing MTS assay. L-cysteine modified Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles were qualitatively characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy; and quantitatively using acid ninhydrin assay. Investigations reveal that that this approach yields Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles with an average particle size of 80 nm. Mössbauer studies indicated the presence of Fe in Fe3+ in A and B sites (tetrahedral and octahedral, respectively) and Fe2+ in B sites (octahedral). Magnetic measurements also indicated that these nanoparticles were superparamagnetic in nature due to Fe3O4 region. The saturation magnetization for the bifunctional nanoparticles was observed to be ˜74 emu g-1, which is significantly higher than the previously reported Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Mössbauer studies indicated that there was no significant Fe(0) impurity that could be responsible for the superparamagnetic nature of these nanoparticles. None of the investigations showed any presence of other impurities such as Fe2O3 and FeOOH. These Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional

  10. One-pot, one-step, catalytic synthesis of 2,5-diformylfuran from fructose

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Furong; Cui, Yuezhi; Yang, Pengfei; Gong, Yinghua

    2014-07-01

    MIL-101, a chromium-based metal-organic framework, is known for its very large pore size, large surface area and good stability. However, application of this material in catalysis is still limited. In this paper, a simple and practical catalytic method for the preparation 2,5-diformylfuran (DFF) directly from fructose was investigated. 5% Pd-V(3: 2)@MIL-101 was evaluated as a potential and effective catalyst for the direct oxidation of fructose. The amount of the catalyst, reaction time and temperature had a large effect on the reaction. At the optimized reaction conditions, when the reaction was conducted at 140°C for 600 min, 1 atm oxygen pressure, the yield of DFF reached 34%, fructose conversion was up to 100%. In our system, the main side products were 5-formyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (FFCA) and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA), which are the products of deep oxidation of DFF. This simple and effective catalytic system may be valuable to facilitate energy-efficient conversion of fructose into biofuels and platform chemicals.

  11. One-pot solvothermal synthesis of dual-phase titanate/titania Nanoparticles and their adsorption and photocatalytic Performances

    SciTech Connect

    Cheng, Yu Hua; Gong, Dangguo; Tang, Yuxin; Ho, Jeffery Weng Chye; Tay, Yee Yan; Lau, Wei Siew; Wijaya, Olivia; Lim, Jiexiang; Chen, Zhong

    2014-06-01

    Dual phase titanate/titania nanoparticles undergo phase transformation gradually with the increase of solvothermal synthesis temperature from 100 °C to 200 °C, and eventually are fully transformed into anatase TiO{sub 2}. The crystal structure change results in the changes of optical absorption, sensitizer/dopant formation and surface area of the materials which finally affect the overall dye removal ability. Reactions under dark and light have been conducted to distinguish the contributions of surface adsorption from photocatalytic degradation. The sample synthesized at 160 °C (S160) shows the best performances for both adsorption under dark and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. The adsorption mechanism for S160 is determined as monolayer adsorption based on the adsorption isotherm test under dark condition, and an impressive adsorption capacity of 162.19 mg/g is achieved. For the photocatalytic application, this sample at 0.1 g/L loading is also able to degrade 20 ppm MB within 6 hours under the visible light (>420 nm) condition. - Graphical abstract: The effect of solvothermal synthesis temperature on the formation and dye removal performance of dual phase titanate/titania nanoparticles was unveiled and optimized. - Highlights: • Low temperature one-pot solvothermal synthesis of dual-phase photocatalysts. • Correlation of the synthesis temperature is made with the phase composition. • Adsorption isotherm, kinetics, photocatalytic degradation were studied. • Synthesis at 160 °C yields the best material for adsorption of MB in dark. • The same sample also shows the best visible light degradation of MB.

  12. N-Bromosuccinimide promoted and base switchable one pot synthesis of α-imido and α-amino ketones from styrenes.

    PubMed

    Shinde, Mahesh H; Kshirsagar, Umesh A

    2016-01-21

    An N-Bromosuccinimide (NBS) promoted one pot strategy for the synthesis of α-amino functionalized aryl ketones starting from commercially available styrenes has been developed. NBS participates in multiple tasks, such as bromonium ion formation, oxidation of bromohydrin and providing a nucleophilic nitrogen source. The reaction can easily be switched between α-imido and α-amino ketones by the choice of base. This one pot strategy was successfully applied for the synthesis of psychoactive drug candidates, amfepramone, mephedrone and 4-MEC.

  13. Continuous, One-pot Synthesis and Post-Synthetic Modification of NanoMOFs Using Droplet Nanoreactors

    PubMed Central

    Jambovane, Sachin R.; Nune, Satish K.; Kelly, Ryan T.; McGrail, B. Peter; Wang, Zheming; Nandasiri, Manjula I.; Katipamula, Shanta; Trader, Cameron; Schaef, Herbert T.

    2016-01-01

    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs); also known as porous coordination polymers (PCP) are a class of porous crystalline materials constructed by connecting metal clusters via organic linkers. The possibility of functionalization leads to virtually infinite MOF designs using generic modular methods. Functionalized MOFs can exhibit interesting physical and chemical properties including accelerated adsorption kinetics and catalysis. Although there are discrete methods to synthesize well-defined nanoscale MOFs, rapid and flexible methods are not available for continuous, one-pot synthesis and post-synthetic modification (functionalization) of MOFs. Here, we show a continuous, scalable nanodroplet-based microfluidic route that not only facilitates the synthesis of MOFs at a nanoscale, but also offers flexibility for direct functionalization with desired functional groups (e.g., -COCH3, fluorescein isothiocyanate; FITC). In addition, the presented route of continuous manufacturing of functionalized nanosized MOFs takes significantly less time compared to state-of-the-art batch methods currently available (1 hr vs. several days). We envisage our approach to be a breakthrough method for synthesizing complex functionalized nanomaterials (metal, metal oxides, quantum dots and MOFs) that are not accessible by direct batch processing and expand the range of a new class of functionalized MOF-based functional nanomaterials. PMID:27821866

  14. Continuous, One-pot Synthesis and Post-Synthetic Modification of NanoMOFs Using Droplet Nanoreactors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jambovane, Sachin R.; Nune, Satish K.; Kelly, Ryan T.; McGrail, B. Peter; Wang, Zheming; Nandasiri, Manjula I.; Katipamula, Shanta; Trader, Cameron; Schaef, Herbert T.

    2016-11-01

    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs); also known as porous coordination polymers (PCP) are a class of porous crystalline materials constructed by connecting metal clusters via organic linkers. The possibility of functionalization leads to virtually infinite MOF designs using generic modular methods. Functionalized MOFs can exhibit interesting physical and chemical properties including accelerated adsorption kinetics and catalysis. Although there are discrete methods to synthesize well-defined nanoscale MOFs, rapid and flexible methods are not available for continuous, one-pot synthesis and post-synthetic modification (functionalization) of MOFs. Here, we show a continuous, scalable nanodroplet-based microfluidic route that not only facilitates the synthesis of MOFs at a nanoscale, but also offers flexibility for direct functionalization with desired functional groups (e.g., -COCH3, fluorescein isothiocyanate; FITC). In addition, the presented route of continuous manufacturing of functionalized nanosized MOFs takes significantly less time compared to state-of-the-art batch methods currently available (1 hr vs. several days). We envisage our approach to be a breakthrough method for synthesizing complex functionalized nanomaterials (metal, metal oxides, quantum dots and MOFs) that are not accessible by direct batch processing and expand the range of a new class of functionalized MOF-based functional nanomaterials.

  15. One pot electrochemical synthesis of poly(melamine) entrapped gold nanoparticles composite for sensitive and low level detection of catechol.

    PubMed

    Palanisamy, Selvakumar; Ramaraj, Sayee Kannan; Chen, Shen-Ming; Chiu, Te-Wei; Velusamy, Vijayalakshmi; Yang, Thomas C K; Chen, Tse-Wei; Selvam, Sonadevi

    2016-12-29

    A simple and cost effective synthesis of nanomaterials with advanced physical and chemical properties have received much attention to the researchers, and is of interest to the researchers from different disciplines. In the present work, we report a simple and one pot electrochemical synthesis of poly(melamine) entrapped gold nanoparticles (PM-AuNPs) composite. The PM-AuNPs composite was prepared by a single step electrochemical method, wherein the AuNPs and PM were simultaneously fabricated on the electrode surface. The as-prepared materials were characterized by various physicochemical methods. The PM-AuNPs composite modified electrode was used as an electrocatalyst for oxidation of catechol (CC) due to its well-defined redox behavior and enhanced electro-oxidation ability towards CC than other modified electrodes. Under optimized conditions, the differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was used for the determination of CC. The DPV response of CC was linear over the concentration ranging from 0.5 to 175.5μM with a detection limit of 0.011μM. The PM-AuNPs composite modified electrode exhibits the high selectivity in the presence of range of potentially interfering compounds including dihydroxybenzene isomers. The sensor shows excellent practicality in CC containing water samples, which reveals the potential ability of PM-AuNPs composite modified electrode towards the determination of CC in real samples.

  16. PdCo/Pd-Hexacyanocobaltate Hybrid Nanoflowers: Cyanogel-Bridged One-Pot Synthesis and Their Enhanced Catalytic Performance

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Zhen-Yuan; Fu, Geng-Tao; Zhang, Lu; Yang, Xiao-Yu; Liu, Zhen-Qi; Sun, Dong-Mei; Xu, Lin; Tang, Ya-Wen

    2016-01-01

    Elaborate architectural manipulation of nanohybrids with multi-components into controllable 3D hierarchical structures is of great significance for both fundamental scientific interest and realization of various functionalities, yet remains a great challenge because different materials with distinct physical/chemical properties could hardly be incorporated simultaneously into the synthesis process. Here, we develop a novel one-pot cyanogel-bridged synthetic approach for the generation of 3D flower-like metal/Prussian blue analogue nanohybrids, namely PdCo/Pd-hexacyanocobaltate for the first time. The judicious introduction of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and the formation of cyanogel are prerequisite for the successful fabrication of such fascinating hierarchical nanostructures. Due to the unique 3D hierarchical structure and the synergistic effect between hybrid components, the as-prepared hybrid nanoflowers exhibit a remarkable catalytic activity and durability toward the reduction of Rhodamine B (RhB) by NaBH4. We expect that the obtained hybrid nanoflowers may hold great promises in water remediation field and beyond. Furthermore, the facile synthetic strategy presented here for synthesizing functional hybrid materials can be extendable for the synthesis of various functional hybrid nanomaterials owing to its versatility and feasibility. PMID:27573057

  17. PdCo/Pd-Hexacyanocobaltate Hybrid Nanoflowers: Cyanogel-Bridged One-Pot Synthesis and Their Enhanced Catalytic Performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zhen-Yuan; Fu, Geng-Tao; Zhang, Lu; Yang, Xiao-Yu; Liu, Zhen-Qi; Sun, Dong-Mei; Xu, Lin; Tang, Ya-Wen

    2016-08-01

    Elaborate architectural manipulation of nanohybrids with multi-components into controllable 3D hierarchical structures is of great significance for both fundamental scientific interest and realization of various functionalities, yet remains a great challenge because different materials with distinct physical/chemical properties could hardly be incorporated simultaneously into the synthesis process. Here, we develop a novel one-pot cyanogel-bridged synthetic approach for the generation of 3D flower-like metal/Prussian blue analogue nanohybrids, namely PdCo/Pd-hexacyanocobaltate for the first time. The judicious introduction of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and the formation of cyanogel are prerequisite for the successful fabrication of such fascinating hierarchical nanostructures. Due to the unique 3D hierarchical structure and the synergistic effect between hybrid components, the as-prepared hybrid nanoflowers exhibit a remarkable catalytic activity and durability toward the reduction of Rhodamine B (RhB) by NaBH4. We expect that the obtained hybrid nanoflowers may hold great promises in water remediation field and beyond. Furthermore, the facile synthetic strategy presented here for synthesizing functional hybrid materials can be extendable for the synthesis of various functional hybrid nanomaterials owing to its versatility and feasibility.

  18. One-pot synthesis of iniferter-bound polystyrene core nanoparticles for the controlled grafting of multilayer shells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marchyk, Nataliya; Maximilien, Jacqueline; Beyazit, Selim; Haupt, Karsten; Sum Bui, Bernadette Tse

    2014-02-01

    A novel approach using one-pot synthesis for the production of uniform, iniferter-bound polystyrene core nanoparticles of size 30-40 nm is described. Conventional oil-in-water emulsion polymerisation of styrene and divinylbenzene, combining a hybrid initiation system (thermal and UV), triggered sequentially, was employed to form the surface-bound thiocarbamate iniferters in situ. The iniferter cores were then used as seeds for re-initiating further polymerisation by UV irradiation to produce water-compatible core-shell nanoparticles. Grafting of various shell-types is demonstrated: linear polymers of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) brushes, crosslinked polymers bearing different surface charges and molecularly imprinted polymers. The shell thickness was readily tuned by varying the monomers' concentration and polymerisation time. Our method is straightforward and in addition, gives access to the preparation of fluorescent seeds and the possibility of grafting nanosized multiple shells. The core-shell nanoparticles were fully characterised by dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and microelemental analysis.A novel approach using one-pot synthesis for the production of uniform, iniferter-bound polystyrene core nanoparticles of size 30-40 nm is described. Conventional oil-in-water emulsion polymerisation of styrene and divinylbenzene, combining a hybrid initiation system (thermal and UV), triggered sequentially, was employed to form the surface-bound thiocarbamate iniferters in situ. The iniferter cores were then used as seeds for re-initiating further polymerisation by UV irradiation to produce water-compatible core-shell nanoparticles. Grafting of various shell-types is demonstrated: linear polymers of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) brushes, crosslinked polymers bearing different surface charges and molecularly imprinted polymers. The shell thickness was readily tuned by varying the monomers' concentration and

  19. β-Cyclodextrin-Propyl Sulfonic Acid Catalysed One-Pot Synthesis of 1,2,4,5-Tetrasubstituted Imidazoles as Local Anesthetic Agents.

    PubMed

    Ran, Yan; Li, Ming; Zhang, Zong-Ze

    2015-11-12

    Some functionalized 1,2,4,5-tetrasubstituted imidazole derivatives were synthesized using a one-pot, four component reaction involving 1,2-diketones, aryl aldehydes, ammonium acetate and substituted aromatic amines. The synthesis has been efficiently carried out in a solvent free medium using β-cyclodextrin-propyl sulfonic acid as a catalyst to afford the target compounds in excellent yields. The local anesthetic effect of these derivatives was assessed in comparison to lidocaine as a standard using a rabbit corneal and mouse tail anesthesia model. The three most potent promising compounds were subjected to a rat sciatic nerve block assay where they showed considerable local anesthetic activity, along with minimal toxicity. Among the tested analogues, 4-(1-benzyl-4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-N,N-dimethylaniline (5g) was identified as most potent analogue with minimal toxicity. It was further characterized by a more favourable therapeutic index than the standard.

  20. Chitosan supported Zn(II) mixed ligand complexes as heterogeneous catalysts for one-pot synthesis of amides from ketones via Beckmann rearrangement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anuradha; Kumari, Shweta; Layek, Samaresh; Pathak, Devendra D.

    2017-02-01

    Chitosan supported Zn(II) mixed ligand complexes have been synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, UV-Vis, TGA, XRD, FESEM, EDX, AAS and Elemental Analysis. These complexes have been found to be efficient and recyclable heterogeneous catalysts for the one-pot synthesis of amides via Beckmann rearrangement. All three complexes can be easily filtered out from the reaction medium and reused up to five times without significant loss of catalytic activity. The reported protocol is economical and novel in the sense that amides can be easily synthesized in only one-step. All products were obtained as white to off-white crystalline solids and fully characterized by 1H NMR, FT-IR and Mass Spectra.

  1. An efficient route for annulation of pyrimidines to steroids and non-steroids via a base catalyzed one-pot three component reaction.

    PubMed

    Saikia, Pallabi; Gogoi, Shyamalee; Gogoi, Sanjib; Boruah, Romesh C

    2014-10-01

    A facile strategy for the synthesis of steroidal A- and D-ring fused pyrimidines has been accomplished in high yields via a one-pot reaction of steroidal ketones, aromatic aldehydes and amidine derivatives in presence of potassium tert-butoxide in refluxing ethanol. The generality of the reaction was also extended to non-steroidal ketones.

  2. Exfoliated Pd/HNb3O8 nanosheet as highly efficient bifunctional catalyst for one-pot cascade reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Nahaeng; Chung, Young-Min

    2016-05-01

    Ultrathin two-dimensional metal oxide nanosheets have drawn attention as potential solid acid catalysts owing to their strong acidity, attributed to the bridged OH groups formed on the nanosheets. In this study, a new class of bifunctional acid-metal catalyst was realized by the deposition of Pd on layered niobium oxide (KNb3O8 and HNb3O8) or its exfoliated nanosheet (Pd/HNb3O8-NS) and applied to one-pot cascade deacetalization and hydrogenation. It was found that the acid strength of the support exerted a large influence not only on the promotion of the first deacetalization step, but also on the acceleration of the subsequent hydrogenation step. Comparative experiments using a series of Pd/HZSM-5 catalysts with different acidities reconfirmed the crucial role of acid strength on hydrogenation. However, the superior catalytic activity of Pd/HNb3O8-NS for hydrogenation compared to that of Pd/HZSM-5 of similar acidity suggests a more efficient ensemble effect of the strong acid sites with the nearby metal sites on the nanosheet surface. Among the catalysts used, Pd/HNb3O8-NS showed the best catalytic performance for one-pot cascade reaction affording the desired product (benzyl alcohol) in approximately 92% yield, which was 7.1 and 1.2 times higher than that of layered Pd/KNb3O8 or Pd/HNb3O8, respectively. The excellent catalytic performance of Pd/HNb3O8-NS may result from the characteristic features of nanosheets: (i) the synergistic cooperation between the bifunctional active sites and (ii) the two-dimensional open surface offering easier access of the reactants to the active sites. Although the use of NaBH4 as hydrogen source was effective in improving the initial reaction performance, the basic nature of NaBH4 adversely resulted in weakening the acid strength of the catalyst, and consequently led to a reduction in catalytic activity.

  3. AgPd Nanoparticles Deposited on WO2.72 Nanorods as an Efficient Catalyst for One-Pot Conversion of Nitrophenol/Nitroacetophenone into Benzoxazole/Quinazoline.

    PubMed

    Yu, Chao; Guo, Xuefeng; Xi, Zheng; Muzzio, Michelle; Yin, Zhouyang; Shen, Bo; Li, Junrui; Seto, Christopher T; Sun, Shouheng

    2017-04-26

    We report a seed-mediated growth of 2.3 nm AgPd nanoparticles (NPs) in the presence of 40 × 5 nm WO2.72 nanorods (NRs) for the synthesis of AgPd/WO2.72 composites. The strong interactions between AgPd NPs and WO2.72 NRs make the composites, especially the Ag48Pd52/WO2.72, catalytically active for dehydrogenation of formic acid (TOF = 1718 h(-1) and Ea = 31 kJ/mol) and one-pot reactions of formic acid, 2-nitrophenol, and aldehydes into benzoxazoles in near quantitative yields under mild conditions. The catalysis can also be extended to the one-pot reactions of ammonium formate, 2-nitroacetophenone, and aldehyde for high yield syntheses of quinazolines. Our studies demonstrate a new catalyst design to achieve a green chemistry approach to one-pot reactions for the syntheses of benzoxazoles and quinazolines.

  4. Single-step One-pot Synthesis of Graphene Foam/TiO2 Nanosheet Hybrids for Effective Water Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Weilin; Wang, Zhaofeng; Liu, Jingjing; Zhang, Zhengguo; Sun, Luyi

    2017-01-01

    Millions of tons of wastewater containing both inorganic and organic pollutants are generated every day, leading to significant social, environmental, and economic issues. Herein, we designed a graphene foam/TiO2 nanosheet hybrid, which is able to effectively remove both chromium (VI) cations and organic pollutants simultaneously. This graphene foam/TiO2 nanosheet hybrid was synthesized via a facile single-step one-pot hydrothermal method. The structure of the hybrid was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The hybrid was evaluated for both chromium (VI) and organic pollutants (using methyl blue (MB) as an example) removal, and the removal mechanism was also investigated. During water treatment, graphene and TiO2 nanosheets function complimentarily, leading to a significant synergy. The hybrid exhibited outstanding chromium (VI) and MB removal capacity, much superior to the performance of the individual pure TiO2 sheets or pure graphene foam. The hybrid could also be easily separated after water treatment, and exhibited excellent recycle stability. Considering the very facile synthesis of this graphene foam/TiO2 nanosheet hybrid, and its excellent water treatment performance and recycle stability, such a hybrid is promising for large scale production for practical applications where both chromium (VI) cations and organic dyes are the main pollutants. PMID:28251998

  5. One-pot synthesis of magnetite nanorods/graphene composites and its catalytic activity toward electrochemical detection of dopamine.

    PubMed

    Salamon, J; Sathishkumar, Y; Ramachandran, K; Lee, Yang Soo; Yoo, Dong Jin; Kim, Ae Rhan; Gnana Kumar, G

    2015-02-15

    Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanorods anchored over reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were synthesized through a one-pot synthesis method, where the reduction of GO and in-situ generation of Fe3O4 nanorods occurred concurrently. The average head and tail diameter of Fe3O4 nanorods anchored over the rGO matrix are found to be 32 and 11 nm, respectively, and morphology, structure and diameter of bare Fe3O4 nanorods were not altered even after the composite formation with rGO. The increased structural disorders and decrement in the sp(2) domains stimulated the high electrical conductivity and extended catalytic active sites for the prepared rGO/Fe3O4 nanocomposite. The constructed rGO/Fe3O4/GCE sensor exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity toward the electrooxidation of dopamine (DA) with a quick response time of 6s, a wide linear range between 0.01 and 100.55 µM, high sensitivity of 3.15 µA µM(-1) cm(-2) and a lower detection limit of 7 nM. Furthermore, the fabricated sensor exhibited a practical applicability in the quantification of DA in urine samples with an excellent recovery rate. The excellent electroanalytical performances and straight-forward, surfactant and template free preparation method construct the rGO/Fe3O4 composite as an extremely promising material for the diagnosis of DA related diseases in biomedical applications.

  6. Single-step One-pot Synthesis of Graphene Foam/TiO2 Nanosheet Hybrids for Effective Water Treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Weilin; Wang, Zhaofeng; Liu, Jingjing; Zhang, Zhengguo; Sun, Luyi

    2017-03-01

    Millions of tons of wastewater containing both inorganic and organic pollutants are generated every day, leading to significant social, environmental, and economic issues. Herein, we designed a graphene foam/TiO2 nanosheet hybrid, which is able to effectively remove both chromium (VI) cations and organic pollutants simultaneously. This graphene foam/TiO2 nanosheet hybrid was synthesized via a facile single-step one-pot hydrothermal method. The structure of the hybrid was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The hybrid was evaluated for both chromium (VI) and organic pollutants (using methyl blue (MB) as an example) removal, and the removal mechanism was also investigated. During water treatment, graphene and TiO2 nanosheets function complimentarily, leading to a significant synergy. The hybrid exhibited outstanding chromium (VI) and MB removal capacity, much superior to the performance of the individual pure TiO2 sheets or pure graphene foam. The hybrid could also be easily separated after water treatment, and exhibited excellent recycle stability. Considering the very facile synthesis of this graphene foam/TiO2 nanosheet hybrid, and its excellent water treatment performance and recycle stability, such a hybrid is promising for large scale production for practical applications where both chromium (VI) cations and organic dyes are the main pollutants.

  7. One-pot template-free synthesis of porous CdMoO4 microspheres and their enhanced photocatalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Madhusudan, Puttaswamy; Zhang, Jinfeng; Yu, Jiaguo; Cheng, Bei; Xu, Difa; Zhang, Jun

    2016-11-01

    The optical and catalytic performances of materials strongly depend on their size, morphology, dimensionality and structure. Herein, we demonstrate a facile one-pot template free synthesis of hierarchical CdMoO4 porous microspheres via a simple low temperature oil bath method. The photoactivity of the as-prepared samples was evaluated by photocatalytic decolorization of Methyl Orange (MO) and Methylene Blue (MB) mixed dye aqueous solutions at ambient temperature under full solar spectrum. The results indicated that the concentration of ammonium molybdate and reaction time greatly influence the diameter, average crystallite size, specific surface area, pore structure and photocatalytic activity of the prepared samples. Especially, under the suitable conditions the prepared hierarchical CdMoO porous microspheres exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity and high stability. Furthermore, it is found that the photocatalytic activity and formation rate of hydroxyl radicals greatly depend on the particle sizes and morphology of as-prepared samples. This work not only demonstrates a simple way to fabricate the hierarchical CdMoO4 porous microspheres but also shows a possibility for utilization of CdMoO4 porous microspheres for the photocatalytic treatment of waste water pollutants.

  8. One-Pot Synthesis of Hyperoside by a Three-Enzyme Cascade Using a UDP-Galactose Regeneration System.

    PubMed

    Pei, Jianjun; Chen, Anna; Zhao, Linguo; Cao, Fuliang; Ding, Gang; Xiao, Wei

    2017-07-26

    Hyperoside exhibits many biological properties and is more soluble in water than quercetin. A uridine 5'-diphosphate (UDP) galactose regeneration system and one-pot synthesis of hyperoside was described herein. Glycine max sucrose synthase (GmSUS) was coupled with Escherichia coli UDP-galactose 4-epimerase (GalE) to regenerate UDP-galactose from sucrose and UDP. Petunia hybrida glycosyltransferase (PhUGT) with high activity toward quercetin was used to synthesize hyperoside via the UDP-galactose regeneration system. The important factors for optimal synergistic catalysis were determined. Through the use of a fed-batch operation, the final titer of hyperoside increased to 2134 mg/L, with a corresponding molar conversion of 92% and maximum number of UDP-galactose regeneration cycles (RCmax) of 18.4 under optimal conditions. Therefore, the method described herein for the regeneration of UDP-galactose from UDP and sucrose can be widely used for the glycosylation of flavonoids and other bioactive substances.

  9. One-Pot Multicomponent Coupling Methods for the Synthesis of Diastereo- and Enantioenriched (Z)-Trisubstituted Allylic Alcohols

    PubMed Central

    Kerrigan, Michael H.; Jeon, Sang-Jin; Chen, Young K.; Salvi, Luca; Carroll, Patrick J.; Walsh, Patrick J.

    2009-01-01

    (Z)-Trisubstituted allylic alcohols are widespread structural motifs in natural products and biologically active compounds but are difficult to directly prepare. Introduced herein is a general one-pot multicomponent coupling method for the synthesis of (Z)-α,α,β-trisubstituted allylic alcohols. (Z)-Trisubstituted vinylzinc reagents are formed in situ by initial hydroboration of 1-bromo-1-alkynes. Addition of dialkylzinc reagents induces a 1,2-metallate rearrangement that is followed by a boron-to-zinc transmetallation. The resulting vinylzinc reagents add to a variety of prochiral aldehydes to produce racemic (Z)-trisubstituted allylic alcohols. When enantioenriched aldehyde substrates are employed (Z)-trisubstituted allylic alcohols are isolated with high dr (>20:1 in many cases). For example, vinylation of enantioenriched benzyl protected α- and β-hydroxy propanal derivatives furnished the expected anti-Felkin addition products via chelation control. Surprisingly, silyl protected α-hydroxy aldehydes also afford anti-Felkin addition products. A protocol for the catalytic asymmetric addition of (Z)-trisubstituted vinylzinc reagents to prochiral aldehydes with a (−)-MIB-based catalyst has also been developed. Several additives were investigated as inhibitors of the Lewis acidic alkylzinc halide byproducts, which promote the background reaction to form the racemate. α-Ethyl and α-cyclohexyl (Z)-trisubstituted allylic alcohols can now be synthesized with excellent levels of enantioselectivity in the presence of diamine inhibitors. PMID:19476375

  10. One-pot synthesis of intermetallic electrocatalysts in ordered, large-pore mesoporous carbon/silica toward formic acid oxidation.

    PubMed

    Shim, Jongmin; Lee, Jaehyuk; Ye, Youngjin; Hwang, Jongkook; Kim, Soo-Kil; Lim, Tae-Hoon; Wiesner, Ulrich; Lee, Jinwoo

    2012-08-28

    This study describes the one-pot synthesis and single-cell characterization of ordered, large-pore (>30 nm) mesoporous carbon/silica (OMCS) composites with well-dispersed intermetallic PtPb nanoparticles on pore wall surfaces as anode catalysts for direct formic acid fuel cells (DFAFCs). Lab-synthesized amphiphilic diblock copolymers coassemble hydrophobic metal precursors as well as hydrophilic carbon and silica precursors. The final materials have a two-dimensional hexagonal-type structure. Uniform and large pores, in which intermetallic PtPb nanocrystals are significantly smaller than the pore size and highly dispersed, enable pore backfilling with ionomers and formation of the desired triple-phase boundary in single cells. The materials show more than 10 times higher mass activity and significantly lower onset potential for formic acid oxidation as compared with commercial Pt/C, as well as high stability due to better resistivity toward CO poisoning. In single cells, the maximum power density was higher than that of commercial Pt/C, and the stability highly improved, compared with commercial Pd/C. The results suggest that PtPb-based catalysts on large-pore OMCSs may be practically applied as real fuel cell catalysts for DFAFC.

  11. Single-step One-pot Synthesis of Graphene Foam/TiO2 Nanosheet Hybrids for Effective Water Treatment.

    PubMed

    Wang, Weilin; Wang, Zhaofeng; Liu, Jingjing; Zhang, Zhengguo; Sun, Luyi

    2017-03-02

    Millions of tons of wastewater containing both inorganic and organic pollutants are generated every day, leading to significant social, environmental, and economic issues. Herein, we designed a graphene foam/TiO2 nanosheet hybrid, which is able to effectively remove both chromium (VI) cations and organic pollutants simultaneously. This graphene foam/TiO2 nanosheet hybrid was synthesized via a facile single-step one-pot hydrothermal method. The structure of the hybrid was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The hybrid was evaluated for both chromium (VI) and organic pollutants (using methyl blue (MB) as an example) removal, and the removal mechanism was also investigated. During water treatment, graphene and TiO2 nanosheets function complimentarily, leading to a significant synergy. The hybrid exhibited outstanding chromium (VI) and MB removal capacity, much superior to the performance of the individual pure TiO2 sheets or pure graphene foam. The hybrid could also be easily separated after water treatment, and exhibited excellent recycle stability. Considering the very facile synthesis of this graphene foam/TiO2 nanosheet hybrid, and its excellent water treatment performance and recycle stability, such a hybrid is promising for large scale production for practical applications where both chromium (VI) cations and organic dyes are the main pollutants.

  12. One-pot synthesis of linear-hyperbranched amphiphilic block copolymers based on polyglycerol derivatives and their micelles.

    PubMed

    Oikawa, Yurie; Lee, Sueun; Kim, Do Hyung; Kang, Dae Hwan; Kim, Byeong-Su; Saito, Kyohei; Sasaki, Shigeko; Oishi, Yoshiyuki; Shibasaki, Yuji

    2013-07-08

    This paper describes the one-pot synthesis of a polyglycidol (PG)-based polymer, poly(ethoxyethyl glycidyl ether) (PEEGE)-b-[hyperbranched polyglycerol (hbPG)-co-PEEGE]x/y, its micelle formulation, and the ability to encapsulate a model therapeutic molecule. Amphiphilic block copolymers were prepared by the sequential addition of ethoxyethyl glycidyl ether (EEGE) to glycidol. The composition of the block copolymers varied from 62:38 to 92:8. Block copolymers with composition x:y≥66:34 were soluble only in organic solvents. Micelles were formulated by injection of deionized water into a tetrahydrofuran block copolymer solution with or without pyrene as a model hydrophobic molecule. The critical micelle concentration was 18.2-30.9 mg/L, and the micelle size was 100-250 nm. The pyrene-containing micelle rapidly collapsed on acidic exposure, allowing conversion of hydrophobic PEEGE to hydrophilic PG, thus, facilitating the release of the encapsulated pyrene. Cytotoxicity data showed high biocompatibility of PG-based block copolymers, suggesting their potential as a drug delivery carrier.

  13. One-Pot Synthesis of Biocompatible CdSe/CdS Quantum Dots and Their Applications as Fluorescent Biological Labels.

    PubMed

    Zhai, Chuanxin; Zhang, Hui; Du, Ning; Chen, Bingdi; Huang, Hai; Wu, Yulian; Yang, Deren

    2011-12-01

    We developed a novel one-pot polyol approach for the synthesis of biocompatible CdSe quantum dots (QDs) using poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) as a capping ligand at 240°C. The morphological and structural characterization confirmed the formation of biocompatible and monodisperse CdSe QDs with several nanometers in size. The encapsulation of CdS thin layers on the surface of CdSe QDs (CdSe/CdS core-shell QDs) was used for passivating the defect emission (650 nm) and enhancing the fluorescent quantum yields up to 30% of band-to-band emission (530-600 nm). Moreover, the PL emission peak of CdSe/CdS core-shell QDs could be tuned from 530 to 600 nm by the size of CdSe core. The as-prepared CdSe/CdS core-shell QDs with small size, well water solubility, good monodispersity, and bright PL emission showed high performance as fluorescent cell labels in vitro. The viability of QDs-labeled 293T cells was evaluated using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2-diphenyltertrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The results showed the satisfactory (>80%) biocompatibility of as-synthesized PAA-capped QDs at the Cd concentration of 15 μg/ml.

  14. Novel Strategy for One-Pot Synthesis of Gold Nanoplates on Carbon Nanotube Sheet As an Effective Flexible SERS Substrate.

    PubMed

    Xin, Wenbo; Yang, Jenn-Ming; Li, Chao; Goorsky, Mark S; Carlson, Larry; De Rosa, Igor M

    2017-02-22

    In this work, we demonstrate a novel route for one-pot synthesis of two-dimensional gold nanoplates (2-D AuNPLs) on carbon nanotube (CNT) sheet. Well-defined AuNPLs are grafted onto CNT sheet via a facile hydrothermal reduction process, during which bromine ions are employed as the surfactant for gold anisotropic growth. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows large-scale AuNPLs with micrometer-scaled length and sub-100 nm thickness are deposited uniformly on the CNT sheet. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) results confirm the synthesized AuNPLs are single-crystalline with preferential {111} orientation. Based on the CNT sheet/AuNPLs hybrid, we have fabricated a flexible surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate, which can effectively detect the analyte Rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) at the concentration as low as 1 × 10(-7) M. The excellent SERS performance of this novel flexible substrate is mainly attributed to nanoscaled gaps between the neighbors, large surface area with roughness, and their sharp edges and corners.

  15. One-pot, water-based and high-yield synthesis of tetrahedral palladium nanocrystal decorated graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fu, Gengtao; Tao, Lin; Zhang, Min; Chen, Yu; Tang, Yawen; Lin, Jun; Lu, Tianhong

    2013-08-01

    This paper reports a facile, water-based and one-pot synthesis of tetrahedral Pd nanocrystals (Pd-TNPs) with high yield and good size monodispersity supported on reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanosheets via a co-chemical reduction method. The key synthetic strategy employed a positively charged polyallylamine-PdII complex (PAH-PdII) with un-coordinated amine groups as a linker molecule to immobilize PdII species on the negatively charged graphene oxide (GO) surface through electrostatic interaction. As characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques, well-defined Pd-TNPs with an average size of 9 nm were uniformly distributed on the RGO surface. The as-prepared Pd-TNPs/RGO nanohybrid with excellent colloidal stability in aqueous solution exhibits superior catalytic activity towards the degradation of methylene blue (MB) compared to both unsupported Pd-TNPs and Pd black. Thus, the resultant Pd-TNPs/RGO nanohybrid, as a promising heterogeneous catalyst, might have wide potential applications in water-based catalysis systems for the future.

  16. Low cost, surfactant-less, one pot synthesis of Cu{sub 2}O nano-octahedra at room temperature

    SciTech Connect

    Ahmed, Asar; Gajbhiye, Namdeo S.; Joshi, Amish G.

    2011-08-15

    Cu{sub 2}O octahedra were successfully synthesized via a novel wet-chemical method using D-glucose and hydrazine as reducing agent at room temperature without the presence of any other surfactant. Presence of D-glucose was important for the stabilization of the evolved copper octahedra and also for facilitating the reduction of the Cu(II) ions. The existence of glucose moieties on the surface as capping agent was confirmed by the FT-IR spectra while there was presence of excess oxygen atoms on the surface leading to the formation of a thin CuO layer at the octahedra surface, as confirmed by the XPS study, probably promoted by the capping glucose. Effect of NaOH concentration on the reaction and the formation of octahedra was also studied. The formation mechanism of obtained Cu{sub 2}O octahedra has been discussed. These octahedra were then studied for their photocatalytic properties in degradation of organic dyes, rhodamine B and methyl orange. - Graphical abstract: Cu{sub 2}O octahedra were found to have thin layer of CuO, due to oxidation of surface Cu{sup +} atoms by the surfactant O atoms. Highlights: > Simple and inexpensive one pot synthesis of various Cu{sub 2}O nanostructures. > Surface properties studied by XPS. > Used as photocatalysis for degradation of rhodamine B.

  17. One-Pot Synthesis of Polysubstituted Spirofluorene-Indene via Ru(II)-Catalyzed [3 + 2] Annulation and Intramolecular Friedel-Crafts Cyclization.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Yu-Qin; Dong, Lin

    2015-10-16

    Ru(II)-catalyzed one-pot synthesis of polysubstituted spirofluorene-indenes via [3 + 2] annulation and then intramolecular Friedel-Crafts alkylation has been achieved. The simple method provides a broad scope of aryl ketones and internal alkynes, achieving PAHs skeletons in moderate to good yields.

  18. Synthesis of unnatural amino acids via microwave-assisted regio-selective one-pot multi-component reactions of sulfamidates

    EPA Science Inventory

    Synthesis of triazole-based unnatural amino acids, triazole bisaminoacids and β-amino triazole has been described via stereo and regioselective one-pot multi-component reaction of sulfamidates, sodium azide, and alkynes under MW irradiation conditions. The developed method is app...

  19. A new one-pot three-component synthesis of 2,4-diamino-5H-chromeno[2,3-b]pyridine-3-carbonitrile derivatives.

    PubMed

    Shaabani, Ahmad; Hajishaabanha, Fatemeh; Mofakham, Hamid; Maleki, Ali

    2010-02-01

    In this study, a three-component one-pot synthesis of new 2,4-diamino-5H-chromeno[2,3-b]pyridine-3-carbonitriles derived from 2-amino-1,1,3-tricyanopropene, salicylic aldehydes and secondary cyclic amines is reported. The reaction is conducted in ethanol at ambient temperature in good-to-excellent yields.

  20. Synthesis of unnatural amino acids via microwave-assisted regio-selective one-pot multi-component reactions of sulfamidates

    EPA Science Inventory

    Synthesis of triazole-based unnatural amino acids, triazole bisaminoacids and β-amino triazole has been described via stereo and regioselective one-pot multi-component reaction of sulfamidates, sodium azide, and alkynes under MW irradiation conditions. The developed method is app...

  1. Successively recycle waste as catalyst: a one-pot Wittig/1,4-reduction/Paal-Knorr sequence for modular synthesis of substituted furans.

    PubMed

    Chen, Long; Du, Yi; Zeng, Xing-Ping; Shi, Tao-Da; Zhou, Feng; Zhou, Jian

    2015-03-20

    A one-pot tandem Wittig/conjugate reduction/Paal-Knorr reaction is reported for the synthesis of di- or trisubstituted furans. This novel sequence first demonstrates the possibility of successively recycling waste from upstream steps to catalyze downstream reactions.

  2. A general three-step one-pot synthesis of novel (E)-6-chloro-2-(aryl/hetarylvinyl)quinoline-3-carboxylic acids.

    PubMed

    Li, Yang; Wang, Yang; Zou, Hongtao

    2017-05-01

    In this work, a facile and general three-step one-pot synthesis of structurally new (E)-6-chloro-2-(aryl/hetarylvinyl)quinoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives has been achieved from easily available ethyl 6-chloro-2-(chloromethyl) quinoline-3-carboxylate and aromatic or heteroaromatic aldehydes. This strategy features simple one-pot operation, tolerance of a wide range of substituents, and good yields. Moreover, these newly synthesized compounds belong to a new class of quinoline derivatives and could be good candidates for the development of more complex quinoline compounds for use in medicinal chemistry.

  3. One-pot one-cluster synthesis of fluorescent and bio-compatible Ag14 nanoclusters for cancer cell imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Jie; Xia, Nan; Wang, Xinan; Liu, Xianhu; Xu, An; Wu, Zhikun; Luo, Zhixun

    2015-11-01

    Small-molecule-protected silver nanoclusters have smaller hydrodynamic diameter, and thus may hold greater potential in biomedicine application compared with the same core-sized, macromolecule (i.e. DNA)-protected silver nanoclusters. However, the live cell imaging labeled by small-molecule-protected silver nanoclusters has not been reported until now, and the synthesis and atom-precise characterization of silver nanoclusters have been challenging for a long time. We develop a one-pot one-cluster synthesis method to prepare silver nanoclusters capped with GSH which is bio-compatible. The as-prepared silver nanoclusters are identified to be Ag14(SG)11 (abbreviated as Ag14, SG: glutathione) by isotope-resolvable ESI-MS. The structure is probed by 1D NMR spectroscopy together with 2D COSY and HSQC. This cluster species is fluorescent and the fluorescence quantum yield is solvent-dependent. Very importantly, Ag14 was successfully applied to label lung cancer cells (A549) for imaging, and this work represents the first attempt to image live cells with small-molecule-protected silver nanoclusters. Furthermore, it is revealed that the Ag14 nanoclusters exhibit lower cytotoxicity compared with some other silver species (including silver salt, silver complex and large silver nanoparticles), and the explanation is also provided. The comparison of silver nanoclusters to state-of-the-art labeling materials in terms of cytotoxicity and photobleaching lifetime is also conducted.Small-molecule-protected silver nanoclusters have smaller hydrodynamic diameter, and thus may hold greater potential in biomedicine application compared with the same core-sized, macromolecule (i.e. DNA)-protected silver nanoclusters. However, the live cell imaging labeled by small-molecule-protected silver nanoclusters has not been reported until now, and the synthesis and atom-precise characterization of silver nanoclusters have been challenging for a long time. We develop a one-pot one

  4. One-pot green synthesis of graphene oxide/gold nanocomposites as SERS substrates for malachite green detection.

    PubMed

    Fu, Wen Liang; Zhen, Shu Jun; Huang, Cheng Zhi

    2013-05-21

    In this contribution, graphene oxide/gold nanoparticle (GO/AuNPs) hybrids were in situ fabricated through a green one-pot procedure by using tyrosine as an environment friendly and biocompatible reducing agent, which can be used as highly efficient surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates with the enhancement factor at 3.8 × 10(3). The as-prepared GO/AuNPs hybrids have good biocompatibility, providing the prospect of applications for biomedicine determinations. In addition, taking the advantages of the electromagnetic and chemical enhancement mechanism and the high affinity of GO and AuNPs towards positive dyes, a sensitive, selective and label-free malachite green (MG) detection method was demonstrated. The SERS measurement showed that the minimum detection concentration of MG in water was as low as 2.5 μmol L(-1) with a linear response range from 2.5 to 100 μmol L(-1) (R(2) = 0.996). Moreover, this method can be applied to detect MG in a fishery water sample with satisfactory results.

  5. One-pot synthesis of carbon dots-embedded molecularly imprinted polymer for specific recognition of sterigmatocystin in grains.

    PubMed

    Xu, Longhua; Fang, Guozhen; Pan, Mingfei; Wang, Xuefeng; Wang, Shuo

    2016-03-15

    A novel sensitive fluorescent sensor for determination of sterigmatocystin (ST), which was based on carbon dots-embedded molecularly imprinted polymer (CDs@MIP), was prepared by an efficient one-pot reaction. First, highly blue luminescent CDs were synthesized via a one-step reaction. Then, through a non-hydrolytic sol-gel process, MIP was formed on the CDs surface in the presence of 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone as an alternative template molecule to obtain CDs@MIP. The CDs acted as antennas for signal amplification and optical readout, and the MIP coated on the CDs surface provided specific binding sites for ST. The performance of CDs@MIP was compared with that of CDs embedded in non-imprinted polymer (CDs@NIP). CDs@MIP exhibited high selectivity and sensitivity toward ST. Under optimized conditions, the relative fluorescence intensity of CDs@MIP decreased linearly with the concentration of ST from 0.05 to 2.0 mgL(-1) with a detection limit of 0.019 mgL(-1) (S/N=3) and the precision for five replicate detections of 0.10 mgL(-1) ST was 2.31%. The sensor was also used to determine the content of ST in grains with satisfactory results.

  6. One-pot synthesis of hierarchical Cu2O/Cu hollow microspheres with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, Tianjie; Tao, Feifei; Lin, Jiudong; Ding, Wei; Lan, Mingxuan

    2015-08-01

    The hierarchical Cu2O/Cu hollow microspheres have been fabricated by the one-pot solvothermal redox method, which is one-step approach without any surfactant and template. By using the HRTEM, XRD, XPS and UV-vis spectroscopy, the as-prepared product is composed of Cu2O and Cu with energy band gap of 1.72 eV. Based on the time-dependent experiments, the content of Cu2O and Cu compositions can be effectively controlled by adjusting the reaction time and a possible mechanism is proposed. In addition, using various dye molecules to stimulate pollutants, the hierarchical Cu2O/Cu hollow microspheres reacted for 8 h exhibit excellent visible-light photocatalytic activities, which is much higher than those of the Cu2O/Cu catalysts formed at the shorter reaction time, commercial Cu2O powder and the mixture of alone Cu2O and Cu. This enhanced photocatalytic performance makes these hierarchical Cu2O/Cu hollow microspheres a kind of efficient visible-light photocatalyst in removing some organic compounds in wastewater.

  7. One-pot template-free synthesis of NaYF4 upconversion hollow nanospheres for bioimaging and drug delivery.

    PubMed

    Tian, Gan; Duan, Longsheng; Zhang, Xiao; Yin, Wenyan; Yan, Liang; Zhou, Liangjun; Liu, Xiaodong; Zheng, Xiaopeng; Li, Jinxia; Gu, Zhanjun; Zhao, Yuliang

    2014-06-01

    Hollow-structured nanomaterials with fluorescent properties are extremely attractive for image-guided cancer therapy. In this paper, sub-100 nm and hydrophilic NaYF4 upconversion (UC) hollow nanospheres (HNSs) with multicolor UC luminescence and drug-delivery properties were successfully prepared by a facile one-pot template-free hydrothermal route using polyetherimide (PEI) polymer as the stabilizing agent. XRD, SEM, TEM, and N2-adsorption/desorption were used to characterize the as-obtained products. The growth mechanism of the HNSs has been systematically investigated on the basis of the Ostwald ripening. Under 980 nm excitation, UC emissions of HNSs can be tuned by a simple change of the concentration or combination of various upconverters. As a result, the PEI-coated HNSs could be used as efficient probes for in vitro upconversion luminescence (UCL) cell imaging. Furthermore, a doxorubicin storage/release behavior and cancer-cell-killing ability investigation reveal that the product has the potential to be a drug carrier for cancer therapy. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. One-pot synthesis of pH-responsive hybrid nanogel particles for the intracellular delivery of small interfering RNA

    PubMed Central

    Parodi, Alessandro; Evangelopoulos, Michael; Corbo, Claudia; Scaria, Shilpa; Hu, Ye; Haddix, Seth G.; Corradetti, Bruna; Salvatore, Francesco; Tasciotti, Ennio

    2016-01-01

    This report describes a novel, one-pot synthesis of hybrid nanoparticles formed by a nanostructured inorganic silica core and an organic pH-responsive hydrogel shell. This easy-to-perform, oil-in-water emulsion process synthesizes fluorescently-doped silica nanoparticles wrapped within a tunable coating of cationic poly(2-diethylaminoethyl methacrylate) hydrogel in one step. Transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering analysis demonstrated that the hydrogel-coated nanoparticles are uniformly dispersed in the aqueous phase. The formation of covalent chemical bonds between the silica and the polymer increases the stability of the organic phase around the inorganic core as demonstrated by thermogravimetric analysis. The cationic nature of the hydrogel is responsible for the pH buffering properties of the nanostructured system and was evaluated by titration experiments. Zeta-potential analysis demonstrated that the charge of the system was reversed when transitioned from acidic to basic pH and vice versa. Consequently, small interfering RNA (siRNA) can be loaded and released in an acidic pH environment thereby enabling the hybrid particles and their payload to avoid endosomal sequestration and enzymatic degradation. These nanoparticles, loaded with specific siRNA molecules directed towards the transcript of the membrane receptor CXCR4, significantly decreased the expression of this protein in a human breast cancer cell line (i.e., MDA-MB-231). Moreover, intravenous administration of siRNA-loaded nanoparticles demonstrated a preferential accumulation at the tumor site that resulted in a reduction of CXCR4 expression. PMID:26901429

  9. Synthesis of polyhydroxylated quinolizidine and indolizidine scaffolds from sugar-derived lactams via a one-pot reduction/Mannich/Michael sequence.

    PubMed

    Szcześniak, Piotr; Stecko, Sebastian; Maziarz, Elżbieta; Staszewska-Krajewska, Olga; Furman, Bartłomiej

    2014-11-07

    A direct approach to the synthesis of indolizidine and quinolizidine scaffolds of iminosugars is described. The presented strategy is based on a one-pot sugar lactam reduction with Schwartz's reagent followed by a diastereoselective Mannich/Michael tandem reaction of the resulting sugar imine with Danishefsky's diene. The stereochemical course of the investigated reaction has been explained in detail. The obtained bicyclic products are attractive building blocks for the synthesis of various naturally occurring polyhydroxylated alkaloids and their derivatives.

  10. Catalyst-free synthesis of skipped dienes from phosphorus ylides, allylic carbonates, and aldehydes via a one-pot SN2' allylation-Wittig strategy.

    PubMed

    Xu, Silong; Zhu, Shaoying; Shang, Jian; Zhang, Junjie; Tang, Yuhai; Dou, Jianwei

    2014-04-18

    A catalyst-free allylic alkylation of stabilized phosphorus ylides with allylic carbonates via a regioselective SN2' process is presented. Subsequent one-pot Wittig reaction with both aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes as well as ketenes provides structurally diverse skipped dienes (1,4-dienes) in generally high yields and moderate to excellent stereoselectivity with flexible substituent patterns. This one-pot SN2' allylation-Wittig strategy constitutes a convenient and efficient synthetic method for highly functionalized skipped dienes from readily available starting materials.

  11. Sequential and one-pot reactions of phenols with bromoalkynes for the synthesis of (Z)-2-bromovinyl phenyl ethers and benzo[b]furans.

    PubMed

    Wang, Shihua; Li, Pinhua; Yu, Lin; Wang, Lei

    2011-11-18

    Benzo[b]furans were prepared in one pot based on the addition/palladium-catalyzed C-H bond functionalization of phenols with bromoalkynes. The addition reactions of phenols to bromoalkynes generated (Z)-2-bromovinyl phenyl ethers in high yields with excellent regio- and stereoselectivity. The obtained (Z)-2-bromovinyl phenyl ethers subsequently proceeded by intramolecular cyclization to afford 2-substituted benzo[b]furans in good yields through palladium-catalyzed direct C-H bond functionalizations. It is important to note that the transformation of phenols with bromoalkynes into benzo[b]furans could be carried out in one pot with a simple and efficient tandem procedure.

  12. A Green One-Pot Synthesis of 4-Hydroxychromenylarylmethyl- 6-Hydroxypyrimidine-2,4-Diones Using Titanium Dioxide Nanowires as an Effective and Recyclable Catalyst.

    PubMed

    Eskandari, Khalil; Karami, Bahador

    2016-01-01

    Since a wide range of biological and pharmaceutical activities of barbituric acid, 4-hydroxycoumarin and their derivatives have been disclosed until now, in the domain of our interest to find newly catalytic routes for highly efficient synthesis of potentially interesting biologically active organic compounds, and extension of their areas, herein we introduce a three component combinatorial reaction based on (N,N-dimethyl)barbituric acid and 4- hydroxycoumarin scaffolds. All starting materials were purchased from Merck chemical company and were applied without further purifications. Catalytic reaction between barbituric acid (or N,N-dimethyl barbituric acid), 4-hydroxycoumarin, and a wide range of aryl aldehydes by employing titanium dioxide nanowires (TiO2 NWs) is successfully performed under solvent-free conditions at 100 °C, and led efficiently to obtain target products. From loading above mentioned three component reaction, starting materials in the presence of catalytic amounts of TiO2 NWs as a key factor were condensed together via three C-C bond formation to obtain 12 newly prepared compounds. This procedure profits some advantages such as an efficiency, environmental safety and high recyclability of nano-catalyst. In this work, by the use of a green adapted method in a condensation three component reaction catalyzed by TiO2 NWs as an efficient nano-catalyst, some newly prepared products were prepared in a one pot, and the scope of potentially interesting biologically active organic compounds which can be duly considered by biologists and pharmacologists was developed.

  13. One-Pot Catalyst-Free Synthesis of β- and γ-Hydroxy Sulfides using Diaryliodonium Salts and Microwave Irradiation

    EPA Science Inventory

    A facile one-pot high-yield protocol is described for the preparation of β- and γ-hydroxy sulfides directly from diaryliodonium salts, potassium thiocyanate, and ethane-1,2-diol (ethylene glycol)/propane-1,3-diol (β-propylene glycol) without the need for any additional catalyst o...

  14. One-pot Catalyst-free Synthesis of β- and γ-Hydroxy Sulfides Using Diaryliodonium Salts and Microwaves

    EPA Science Inventory

    A facile one-pot high-yield protocol is described for the preparation of β- and γ-hydroxy sulfides directly from diaryliodonium salts, potassium thiocyanate, and ethane-1,2-diol (ethylene glycol)/propane-1,3-diol (β-propylene glycol) without the need for any addit...

  15. One-pot synthesis of single-crystalline PtPb nanodendrites with enhanced activity for electrooxidation of formic acid.

    PubMed

    Qu, Ximing; Cao, Zhenming; Zhang, Binwei; Tian, XiaoChun; Zhu, Fuchun; Zhang, Zongcheng; Jiang, Yanxia; Sun, Shigang

    2016-03-25

    Bimetallic PtPb nanodendrites with a single-crystalline structure were obtained by a facile one-pot strategy. The as-synthesized dendritic structure was well characterized and the growth mechanism was investigated. PtPb nanodendrites exhibited superior activity (5.1 times higher than commercial Pd black) and strong anti-poisoning ability for electrooxidation of formic acid.

  16. One-pot synthesis of substituted tetrahydrocyclobuta[a]naphthalenes by domino aldol condensation/olefin migration/electrocyclization.

    PubMed

    Chang, Meng-Yang; Wu, Ming-Hao; Chen, Yeh-Long

    2013-06-07

    A facile one-pot synthetic route for preparing the novel benzofused tricyclic skeleton of 1,2,2a,8b-tetrahydrocyclobuta[a]naphthalenes 5 is developed. The route was realized by a NaH-mediated tandem aldol condensation/olefin migration/electrocyclization of o-allylbenzaldehydes 1 with cinnamyl sulfones 3 in good yields.

  17. One-pot synthesis of 1-alkyl-1H-indazoles from 1,1-dialkylhydrazones via aryne annulation.

    PubMed

    Markina, Nataliya A; Dubrovskiy, Anton V; Larock, Richard C

    2012-03-28

    The reaction of readily accessible 1,1-dialkylhydrazones with commercially available o-(trimethylsilyl)aryl triflates provides a direct one-step route to pharmaceutically important 1-alkylindazoles. The products are obtained in high yields by one-pot NCS-chlorination/aryne annulation or Ac(2)O-acylation/deprotection/aromatization protocols.

  18. One-Pot Catalyst-Free Synthesis of β- and γ-Hydroxy Sulfides using Diaryliodonium Salts and Microwave Irradiation

    EPA Science Inventory

    A facile one-pot high-yield protocol is described for the preparation of β- and γ-hydroxy sulfides directly from diaryliodonium salts, potassium thiocyanate, and ethane-1,2-diol (ethylene glycol)/propane-1,3-diol (β-propylene glycol) without the need for any additional catalyst o...

  19. One-pot Catalyst-free Synthesis of β- and γ-Hydroxy Sulfides Using Diaryliodonium Salts and Microwaves

    EPA Science Inventory

    A facile one-pot high-yield protocol is described for the preparation of β- and γ-hydroxy sulfides directly from diaryliodonium salts, potassium thiocyanate, and ethane-1,2-diol (ethylene glycol)/propane-1,3-diol (β-propylene glycol) without the need for any addit...

  20. TANDEM BIS-ALDOL REACTION OF KETONES: A FACILE ONE-POT SYNTHESIS OF 1,3-DIOXANES IN AQUEOUS MEDIUM

    EPA Science Inventory

    A novel tandem bis-aldol reaction of ketone with paraformaldehyde catalyzed by polystyrenesulfonic acid in aqueous medium delivers 1,3-dioxanes in high yield. This one pot, operationally simple microwave-assisted synthetic protocol proceeds efficiently in water in the absence of ...

  1. TANDEM BIS-ALDOL REACTION OF KETONES: A FACILE ONE-POT SYNTHESIS OF 1,3-DIOXANES IN AQUEOUS MEDIUM

    EPA Science Inventory

    A novel tandem bis-aldol reaction of ketone with paraformaldehyde catalyzed by polystyrenesulfonic acid in aqueous medium delivers 1,3-dioxanes in high yield. This one pot, operationally simple microwave-assisted synthetic protocol proceeds efficiently in water in the absence of ...

  2. Tandem halogenation/Michael-initiated ring-closing reaction of α,β-unsaturated nitriles and activated methylene compounds: one-pot diastereoselective synthesis of functionalized cyclopropanes.

    PubMed

    Xin, Xiaoqing; Zhang, Qian; Liang, Yongjiu; Zhang, Rui; Dong, Dewen

    2014-04-21

    An efficient one-pot synthetic route to highly substituted cyclopropanes has been developed from readily available α,β-unsaturated nitriles and doubly activated methylene compounds under very mild conditions in a highly diastereoselective manner, which involves halogenation, Michael addition and intramolecular ring-closing reaction sequences.

  3. One-pot Solvothermal Synthesis of Well-ordered Layered Sodium Aluminoalcoholate Complex: A Useful Precursor for the Preparation of Porous Al2O3 Particles†

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xiansen; Michaelis, Vladimir K.; Ong, Ta-Chung; Smith, Stacey J.; McKay, Ian; Müller, Peter; Griffin, Robert G.; Wang, Evelyn N.

    2014-01-01

    One-pot solvothermal synthesis of a robust tetranuclear sodium hexakis(glycolato)tris(methanolato)aluminate complex Na3[Al4(OCH3)3(OCH2CH2O)6] via a modified yet rigorous base-catalyzed transesterification mechanism is presented here. Single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) studies indicate that this unique Al complex contains three penta-coordinate Al3+ ions, each bound to two bidentate ethylene glycolate chelators and one monodentate methanolate ligand. The remaining fourth Al3+ ion is octahedrally coordinated to one oxygen atom from each of the six surrounding glycolate chelators, effectively stitching the three penta-coordinate Al moieties together into a novel tetranuclear Al complex. This aluminate complex is periodically self-assembled into well-ordered layers normal to the [110] axis with the intra-/inter-layer bindings involving extensive ionic bonds from the three charge-counterbalancing Na+ cations rather than the more typical hydrogen bonding interactions as a result of the fewer free hydroxyl groups present in its structure. It can also serve as a valuable precursor toward the facile synthesis of high-surface-area alumina powders using a very efficient rapid pyrolysis technique. PMID:24817826

  4. Simultaneous Synthesis of WO3-x Quantum Dots and Bundle-Like Nanowires Using a One-Pot Template-Free Solvothermal Strategy and Their Versatile Applications.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yao; Wang, Xiaoxia; Xu, Yuanhong; Chen, Tao; Liu, Mengli; Niu, Fushuang; Wei, Shuang; Liu, Jingquan

    2017-04-01

    Tungsten oxide (WO3-x ), a new alternative to conventional semiconductor material, has attracted numerous attentions owning to its widespread potential applications. Various methods have been reported for the synthesis of WO3-x nanostructures such as nanowires or nanodots. However, templates or surfactants are often required for the synthesis, which significantly complicate the process and hinder the broad applications. Herein, one-pot template/surfactant-free solvothermal method is proposed to synthesize the WO3-x nanostructures including fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) and bundle-like nanowires simultaneously. The as-prepared WO3-x QDs can be well dispersed in aqueous medium, exhibit excellent photoluminescent properties, and show an average size of 3.25 ± 0.25 nm as evidenced by transmission electron microscopy. Meanwhile, the diameter of the WO3-x nanowires is found to be about 27.5 nm as manifested by the scanning electron microscope images. The generation mechanism for these two WO3-x nanostructures are systematically studied and proposed. The WO3-x QDs have been successfully applied in efficient fluorescent staining and specific ferric ion detection. Moreover, the WO3-x nanowires can be utilized as effective dielectric materials for electromagnetic wave absorption.

  5. One-pot solvothermal synthesis of a well-ordered layered sodium aluminoalcoholate complex: a useful precursor for the preparation of porous Al2O3 particles

    SciTech Connect

    Li, XS; Michaelis, VK; Ong, TC; Smith, SJ; McKay, I; Muller, P; Griffin, RG; Wang, EN

    2014-01-01

    One-pot solvothermal synthesis of a robust tetranuclear sodium hexakis(glycolato)tris(methanolato)aluminate complex Na-3[Al-4(OCH3)(3)(OCH2CH2O)(6)] via a modified yet rigorous base-catalyzed transesterification mechanism is presented here. Single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) studies indicate that this unique Al complex contains three pentacoordinate Al3+ ions, each bound to two bidentate ethylene glycolate chelators and one monodentate methanolate ligand. The remaining fourth Al3+ ion is octahedrally coordinated to one oxygen atom from each of the six surrounding glycolate chelators, effectively stitching the three pentacoordinate Al moieties together into a novel tetranuclear Al complex. This aluminate complex is periodically self-assembled into well-ordered layers normal to the [110] axis with the intra-/inter-layer bonding involving extensive ionic bonds from the three charge-counterbalancing Na+ cations rather than the more typical hydrogen bonding interactions as a result of fewer free hydroxyl groups present in its structure. It can also serve as a valuable precursor toward the facile synthesis of high-surface-area alumina powders using a very efficient rapid pyrolysis technique.

  6. One-pot Solvothermal Synthesis of Well-ordered Layered Sodium Aluminoalcoholate Complex: A Useful Precursor for the Preparation of Porous Al2O3 Particles.

    PubMed

    Li, Xiansen; Michaelis, Vladimir K; Ong, Ta-Chung; Smith, Stacey J; McKay, Ian; Müller, Peter; Griffin, Robert G; Wang, Evelyn N

    2014-04-14

    One-pot solvothermal synthesis of a robust tetranuclear sodium hexakis(glycolato)tris(methanolato)aluminate complex Na3[Al4(OCH3)3(OCH2CH2O)6] via a modified yet rigorous base-catalyzed transesterification mechanism is presented here. Single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) studies indicate that this unique Al complex contains three penta-coordinate Al(3+) ions, each bound to two bidentate ethylene glycolate chelators and one monodentate methanolate ligand. The remaining fourth Al(3+) ion is octahedrally coordinated to one oxygen atom from each of the six surrounding glycolate chelators, effectively stitching the three penta-coordinate Al moieties together into a novel tetranuclear Al complex. This aluminate complex is periodically self-assembled into well-ordered layers normal to the [110] axis with the intra-/inter-layer bindings involving extensive ionic bonds from the three charge-counterbalancing Na(+) cations rather than the more typical hydrogen bonding interactions as a result of the fewer free hydroxyl groups present in its structure. It can also serve as a valuable precursor toward the facile synthesis of high-surface-area alumina powders using a very efficient rapid pyrolysis technique.

  7. Synthesis of fluorescent dendrimers with aggregation-induced emission features through a one-pot multi-component reaction and their utilization for biological imaging.

    PubMed

    Luo, Weihua; Jiang, Ruming; Liu, Meiying; Wan, Qing; Tian, Jianwen; Wen, Yuanqing; Cao, Qian-Yong; Hui, Junfeng; Zhang, Xiaoyong; Wei, Yen

    2017-09-09

    Hyperbranched polymers have attracted wide research attention owing to their unique topological structure, physicochemical properties and great potential for applications such asadditives, drug delivery, catalysts and nanotechnology. Among these, the polyamidoamine(PAMAM) dendrimers are some of the most important dendrimers. However, the synthesis and biomedical applications of fluorescent PAMAM dendrimers have received only limited attention. In this work, we present a rather effective and convenient approach for synthesis of fluorescent PAMAM dendrimers with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties through a one-pot catalyst-free Mannich reaction under rather mild experimental conditions (e.g., low reaction temperature, air atmosphere in the presence of water). The obtained AIE-active amphiphiles (PhE-PAD) could self-assemble into fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONs). The obtained AIE-active FONs (PhE-PAD FONs) were fully characterized, and their successful construction was confirmed by (1)H NMR spectroscopy, FT-IR spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Fluorescence and UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy results demonstrated that the final PhE-PAD FONs showed strong yellow fluorescence, desirable photostability and good water dispersity. The cell viability evaluation and confocal laser scanning microscope imaging results suggested that PhE-PAD FONs possessed low cytotoxicity and excellent biocompatibility. Taken together, these results demonstrate that we have developed a facile and efficient strategy for the fabrication of AIE-active FONs, which possess many desirable features for biomedical applications. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Scalable One-pot Bacteria-templating Synthesis Route toward Hierarchical, Porous-Co3O4 Superstructures for Supercapacitor Electrodes

    PubMed Central

    Shim, Hyun-Woo; Lim, Ah-Hyeon; Kim, Jae-Chan; Jang, Eunjin; Seo, Seung-Deok; Lee, Gwang-Hee; Kim, T. Doohun; Kim, Dong-Wan

    2013-01-01

    Template-driven strategy has been widely used to synthesize inorganic nano/micro materials. Here, we used a bottom-up controlled synthesis route to develop a powerful solution-based method of fabricating three-dimensional (3D), hierarchical, porous-Co3O4 superstructures that exhibit the morphology of flower-like microspheres (hereafter, RT-Co3O4). The gram-scale RT-Co3O4 was facilely prepared using one-pot synthesis with bacterial templating at room temperature. Large-surface-area RT-Co3O4 also has a noticeable pseudocapacitive performance because of its high mass loading per area (~10 mg cm−2), indicating a high capacitance of 214 F g−1 (2.04 F cm−2) at 2 A g−1 (19.02 mA cm−2), a Coulombic efficiency averaging over 95%, and an excellent cycling stability that shows a capacitance retention of about 95% after 4,000 cycles. PMID:23900049

  9. One-Pot Microwave Synthesis of Water-Dispersible, High Fluorescence Silicon Nanoparticles and Their Imaging Applications in Vitro and in Vivo.

    PubMed

    Ye, Hong-Li; Cai, Shi-Jiao; Li, Si; He, Xi-Wen; Li, Wen-You; Li, Yu-Hao; Zhang, Yu-Kui

    2016-12-06

    Silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) have been reported to be synthesized by microwave-assisted methods under high pressure. However, there is still a lack of knowledge about the synthesis of SiNPs via microwave-assisted methods under normal pressure. Here we developed a new, facile, one-pot microwave-assisted method for the synthesis SiNPs (∼4.2 nm) with excellent water solubility under normal pressure by employing glycerol as the solvent. Furthermore, glycerol might be responsible for the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) value up to 47% for the resultant SiNPs. The use of organic solvent could afford less nanoparticle surface defects compared with those prepared in aqueous solution, thus improving the fluorescent efficiency. The as-prepared SiNPs simultaneously featured bright blue-green fluorescence, long lifetime (∼12.8 ns), obvious up-conversion luminescence originating from two-photon absorption, superbly strong photostability, and favorable low toxicity. As a satisfactory probe, the as-synthesized SiNPs were successfully applied in fluorescence imaging of human cervical carcinoma cell lines (HeLa) and zebrafish.

  10. One pot synthesis of magnetic graphene/carbon nanotube composites as magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction adsorbent for rapid determination of oxytetracycline in sewage water.

    PubMed

    Sun, Yunyun; Tian, Jing; Wang, Lu; Yan, Hongyuan; Qiao, Fengxia; Qiao, Xiaoqiang

    2015-11-27

    A simple and time-saving one pot synthesis of magnetic graphene/carbon nanotube composites (M-G/CNTs) was developed that could avoid the tedious drying process of graphite oxide, and G/CNTs were modified by Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the reduction procedure. It contributed to a shorten duration of the synthesis process of M-G/CNTs. The obtained M-G/CNTs were characterized and the results indicated that CNTs and Fe3O4 nanoparticles were served as spacer distributing to the layers of graphene, which was beneficial for enlarging surface area and improving extraction efficiency. Moreover, M-G/CNTs showed good magnetic property and outstanding thermal stability. Then M-G/CNTs were applied as adsorbent of magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction for rapid extraction and determination of oxytetracycline in sewage water. Under the optimum conditions, good linearity was obtained in the range of 20-800ngmL(-1) and the recoveries were ranged from 95.5% to 112.5% with relative standard deviations less than 5.8%. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. New pyridinium-based ionic liquid as an excellent solvent-catalyst system for the one-pot three-component synthesis of 2,3-disubstituted quinolines.

    PubMed

    Anvar, Salma; Mohammadpoor-Baltork, Iraj; Tangestaninejad, Shahram; Moghadam, Majid; Mirkhani, Valiollah; Khosropour, Ahmad Reza; Landarani Isfahani, Amir; Kia, Reza

    2014-03-10

    The synthesis of a variety of 2,3-disubstituted quinolines has been achieved successfully via a one-pot three-component reaction of arylamines, arylaldehydes and aliphatic aldehydes in the presence of butylpyridinium tetrachloroindate(III), [bpy][InCl4], ionic liquid as a green catalyst and solvent. Mild conditions with excellent conversions, and simple product isolation procedure are noteworthy advantages of this method. The recyclability of the ionic liquid makes this protocol environmentally benign.

  12. Synthesis of polyhydroxylated decalins via two consecutive one-pot reactions: 1,4-addition/aldol reaction followed by RCM/syn-dihydroxylation.

    PubMed

    Malik, Michał; Jarosz, Sławomir

    2016-01-01

    Synthesis of novel polyhydroxylated derivatives of decalin is described. The presented methodology consists in a one-pot copper-catalyzed 1,4-addition of vinylmagnesium bromide to sugar-derived cyclohexenone, followed by an aldol reaction with a derivative of but-3-enal. The obtained diene is then subjected to an assisted tandem catalytic sequence: ring-closing metathesis with the subsequent reuse of the Ru-catalyst in the syn-dihydroxylation. The stereochemical outcome of these reactions is discussed.

  13. Zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) as a sacrificial template: one-pot synthesis of hollow poly(dopamine) nanocapsules and yolk-structured poly(dopamine) nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ran, Jingyu; Xiao, Lihua; Wu, Weidang; Liu, Yike; Qiu, Wei; Wu, Jianming

    2017-02-01

    Hollow poly(dopamine) (PDA) nanocapsules and yolk-structured PDA nanocomposites were prepared by an aqueous one-pot synthesis method utilizing zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) nanocrystals as a sacrificial template without any special etchant. The resulting PDA nanocapsules show negligible cytotoxicity in HeLa cells after incubation for 48 h at various doses, which implies their potential as candidates for practical applications in drug transport and targeting.

  14. A novel one-pot pseudo-five-component synthesis of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-1,4-diazepine-5-carboxamide derivatives.

    PubMed

    Shaabani, Ahmad; Maleki, Ali; Mofakham, Hamid; Moghimi-Rad, Jafar

    2008-05-16

    A novel one-pot pseudo-five-component synthesis of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1 H-1,4-diazepine-5-carboxamide derivatives starting from simple and readily available inputs including 2,3-diaminomaleonitrile, a cyclic or acyclic ketone, an isocyanide, and water in the presence of a catalytic amount of p-toluenesulfonic acid in aqueous medium at ambient temperature in high yields is described.

  15. Zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) as a sacrificial template: one-pot synthesis of hollow poly(dopamine) nanocapsules and yolk-structured poly(dopamine) nanocomposites.

    PubMed

    Ran, Jingyu; Xiao, Lihua; Wu, Weidang; Liu, Yike; Qiu, Wei; Wu, Jianming

    2017-02-03

    Hollow poly(dopamine) (PDA) nanocapsules and yolk-structured PDA nanocomposites were prepared by an aqueous one-pot synthesis method utilizing zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) nanocrystals as a sacrificial template without any special etchant. The resulting PDA nanocapsules show negligible cytotoxicity in HeLa cells after incubation for 48 h at various doses, which implies their potential as candidates for practical applications in drug transport and targeting.

  16. Novel amalgamation of phthalazine-quinolines as biofilm inhibitors: One-pot synthesis, biological evaluation and in silico ADME prediction with favorable metabolic fate.

    PubMed

    Zaheer, Zahid; Khan, Firoz A Kalam; Sangshetti, Jaiprakash N; Patil, Rajendra H; Lohar, K S

    2016-04-01

    A facile and highly efficient one-pot synthesis of phthalazine-quinoline derivatives is reported via four component reaction of phthalic anhydride, hydrazine hydrate, 5,5-dimethyl 1,3 cyclohexanedione and various quinoline aldehydes using PrxCoFe2-xO4 (x=0.1) nanoparticles as a catalyst. The synthesized compounds have been evaluated for anti-biofilm activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans. The compounds 12a (IC50=30.0μM) and 12f (IC50=34.5μM) had shown promising anti-biofilm activity against P. aeruginosa and C. albicans, respectively, when compared with standards without affecting the growth of cells (and thus behave as anti-quorum sensing agents). Compounds 12a (MIC=45.0μg/mL) and 12f (MIC=57.5μg/mL) showed significant potent antimicrobial activity against P. aeruginosa and C. albicans, respectively. Thus, the active derivatives were not only potent biofilm inhibitors but also efficient antimicrobial agents. In silico ADME and metabolic site prediction studies were also held out to set an effective lead candidate for the future antimicrobial drug discovery initiatives.

  17. One-pot green synthesis of reduced graphene oxide (RGO)/Fe3O4 nanocomposites and its catalytic activity toward methylene blue dye degradation.

    PubMed

    Vinothkannan, M; Karthikeyan, C; Gnana kumar, G; Kim, Ae Rhan; Yoo, Dong Jin

    2015-02-05

    The reduced graphene oxide (RGO)/Fe3O4 nanocomposites were synthesized through a facile one-pot green synthesis by using solanum trilobatum extract as a reducing agent. Spherical shaped Fe3O4 nanoparticles with the diameter of 18 nm were uniformly anchored over the RGO matrix and the existence of fcc structured Fe3O4 nanoparticles over the RGO matrix was ensured from X-ray diffraction patterns. The amide functional groups exist in the solanum trilobatum extract is directly responsible for the reduction of Fe(3+) ions and GO. The thermal stability of GO was increased by the removal of hydrophilic functional groups via solanum trilobatum extract and was further promoted by the ceramic Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The ID/IG ratio of RGO/Fe3O4 was increased over GO, indicating the extended number of structural defects and disorders in the RGO/Fe3O4 composite. The catalytic efficiency of prepared nanostructures toward methylene blue (MB) dye degradation mediated through the electron transfer process of BH4(-) ions was studied in detail. The π-π stacking, hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interaction exerted between the RGO/Fe3O4 composite and methylene blue, increased the adsorption efficiency of dye molecules and the large surface area and extended number of active sites completely degraded the MB dye within 12 min. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. One-pot green synthesis of reduced graphene oxide (RGO)/Fe3O4 nanocomposites and its catalytic activity toward methylene blue dye degradation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vinothkannan, M.; Karthikeyan, C.; Gnana kumar, G.; Kim, Ae Rhan; Yoo, Dong Jin

    2015-02-01

    The reduced graphene oxide (RGO)/Fe3O4 nanocomposites were synthesized through a facile one-pot green synthesis by using solanum trilobatum extract as a reducing agent. Spherical shaped Fe3O4 nanoparticles with the diameter of 18 nm were uniformly anchored over the RGO matrix and the existence of fcc structured Fe3O4 nanoparticles over the RGO matrix was ensured from X-ray diffraction patterns. The amide functional groups exist in the solanum trilobatum extract is directly responsible for the reduction of Fe3+ ions and GO. The thermal stability of GO was increased by the removal of hydrophilic functional groups via solanum trilobatum extract and was further promoted by the ceramic Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The ID/IG ratio of RGO/Fe3O4 was increased over GO, indicating the extended number of structural defects and disorders in the RGO/Fe3O4 composite. The catalytic efficiency of prepared nanostructures toward methylene blue (MB) dye degradation mediated through the electron transfer process of BH4- ions was studied in detail. The π-π stacking, hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interaction exerted between the RGO/Fe3O4 composite and methylene blue, increased the adsorption efficiency of dye molecules and the large surface area and extended number of active sites completely degraded the MB dye within 12 min.

  19. A Synthesis of "Dual Warhead" β-Aryl Ethenesulfonyl Fluorides and One-Pot Reaction to β-Sultams.

    PubMed

    Chinthakindi, Praveen K; Govender, Kimberleigh B; Kumar, A Sanjeeva; Kruger, Hendrik G; Govender, Thavendran; Naicker, Tricia; Arvidsson, Per I

    2017-02-03

    Herein, we report an operationally simple, ligand- and additive-free oxidative boron-Heck coupling that is compatible with the ethenesulfonyl fluoride functional group. The protocol proceeds at room temperature with chemoselectivity and E-isomer selectivity and offers facile access to a wide range of β-aryl/heteroaryl ethenesulfonyl fluorides from commercial boronic acids. Furthermore, we demonstrate a "one-pot click" reaction to directly transform the products to aryl-substituted β-sultams.

  20. One-pot synthesis of tetracyclic fused imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines via a three-component reaction.

    PubMed

    Yang, Bo; Tao, Chuanye; Shao, Taofeng; Gong, Jianxian; Che, Chao

    2016-01-01

    A novel three-component reaction has been developed to assemble biologically and pharmaceutically important tetracyclic fused imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines in a one-pot fashion utilizing readily available 2-aminopyridines, isatins and isocyanides. The three-component coupling proceeds through the Groebke-Blackburn-Bienaymé reaction followed by a retro-aza-ene reaction and subsequent nucleophilic reaction of the in-situ generated imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines bearing an isocyanate functional group.

  1. Chemoenzymatic one-pot synthesis in an aqueous medium: combination of metal-catalysed allylic alcohol isomerisation-asymmetric bioamination.

    PubMed

    Ríos-Lombardía, Nicolás; Vidal, Cristian; Cocina, María; Morís, Francisco; García-Álvarez, Joaquín; González-Sabín, Javier

    2015-07-11

    The ruthenium-catalysed isomerisation of allylic alcohols was coupled, for the first time, with asymmetric bioamination in a one-pot process in an aqueous medium. In the cases involving prochiral ketones, the ω-TA exhibited excellent enantioselectivity, identical to that observed in the single step. As a result, amines were obtained from allylic alcohols with high overall yields and excellent enantiomeric excesses.

  2. New insights on nucleoside 2'-deoxyribosyltransferases: a versatile biocatalyst for one-pot one-step synthesis of nucleoside analogs.

    PubMed

    Fresco-Taboada, A; de la Mata, I; Arroyo, M; Fernández-Lucas, J

    2013-05-01

    In recent years, glycosiltransferases have arisen as standard biocatalysts for the enzymatic synthesis of a wide variety of natural and non-natural nucleosides. Such enzymatic synthesis of nucleoside analogs catalyzed by nucleoside phosphorylases and 2'-deoxyribosyltransferases (NDTs) has demonstrated to be an efficient alternative to the traditional multistep chemical methods, since chemical glycosylation reactions include several protection-deprotection steps. This minireview exhaustively covers literature reports on this topic with the final aim of presenting NDTs as an efficient option to nucleoside phosphorylases for the synthesis of natural and non-natural nucleosides. Detailed comments about structure and catalytic mechanism of described NDTs, as well as their possible biological role, substrate specificity, and advances in detection of new enzyme specificities towards different non-natural nucleoside synthesis are included. In addition, optimization of enzymatic transglycosylation reactions and their application in the synthesis of natural and non-natural nucleosides have been described. Finally, immobilization of NDTs is shown as a practical procedure which leads to the preparation of very interesting biocatalysts applicable to industrial nucleoside synthesis.

  3. One-pot synthesis of PEGylated plasmonic MoO(3-x) hollow nanospheres for photoacoustic imaging guided chemo-photothermal combinational therapy of cancer.

    PubMed

    Bao, Tao; Yin, Wenyan; Zheng, Xiaopeng; Zhang, Xiao; Yu, Jie; Dong, Xinghua; Yong, Yuan; Gao, Fuping; Yan, Liang; Gu, Zhanjun; Zhao, Yuliang

    2016-01-01

    Engineering design of plasmonic nanomaterials as on-demand theranostic nanoagents with imaging, drug carrier, and photothermal therapy (PTT) functions have profound impact on treatment of cancer. Here, a facile 'one-pot' template-free hydrothermal route was firstly developed for synthesis of plasmonic oxygen deficiency molybdenum oxide hollow nanospheres functionalized by poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-MoO(3-x) HNSs). The as-prepared PEG-MoO(3-x) HNSs not only have good biocompatibility but also exhibit obvious localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorption in the near-infrared (NIR) region. Especially, due to its intrinsic mesoporous properties and effective photothermal conversion efficiency upon 808-nm NIR laser irradiation, the PEG-MoO(3-x) HNSs can be applied as a pH/NIR laser dual-responsive camptothecin (CPT) drug delivery nanoplatform for chemotherapy as well as PTT to cancer cells. A remarkably improved synergistic therapeutic effect to pancreatic (PANC-1) tumor-bearing mice was obtained compared to the result of chemotherapy or PTT alone. Apart from its application for drug delivery, the PEG-MoO(3-x) HNSs can also be employed as an effective contrast nanoagent for photoacoustic (PAT) imaging because of its high NIR absorption, making it promising as a theranostic nanoagent for PAT imaging-guided chemo-photothermal combinational cancer therapy in the nanomedicine field. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. One-pot synthesis of mesoporous structured ratiometric fluorescence molecularly imprinted sensor for highly sensitive detection of melamine from milk samples.

    PubMed

    Xu, Shoufang; Lu, Hongzhi

    2015-11-15

    A facile strategy was developed to prepare mesoporous structured ratiometric fluorescence molecularly imprinted sensor for highly sensitive and selective determination of melamine using CdTe QDs as target sensitive dye and hematoporphyrin as reference dyes. One-pot synthesis method was employed because it could simplify the imprinting process and shorten the experimental period. The as-prepared fluorescence MIPs sensor, which combined ratiometric fluorescence technique with mesoporous silica materials into one system, exhibited excellent selectivity and sensitivity. Under optimum conditions, these mesoporous structured ratiometric fluorescence MIP@QDs sensors showed detection limit as low as 38 nM, which was much lower than those non-mesoporous one. The recycling process was sustainable at least 10 times without obvious efficiency decrease. The feasibility of the developed method in real samples was successfully evaluated through the analysis of melamine in raw milk and milk powder samples with satisfactory recoveries of 92-101%. The developed method proposed in this work proved to be a convenient, rapid, reliable and practical way to prepared high sensitive and selective fluorescence sensors with potentially applicable for trace pollutants analysis in complicated samples.

  5. Functionalization of cubic mesoporous silica SBA-16 with carboxylic acid via one-pot synthesis route for effective removal of cationic dyes.

    PubMed

    Tsai, Cheng-Hsun; Chang, Wei-Chieh; Saikia, Diganta; Wu, Cheng-En; Kao, Hsien-Ming

    2016-05-15

    In this work, we demonstrate that a high density of −COOH groups loading, up to 60 mol% based on silica, is successfully incorporated into SBA-16 via a one-pot synthesis route, which involves co-condensation of carboxyethylsilanetriol sodium salt (CES) and tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) templated by Pluronic F127 and P123 in an acidic medium. A variety of characterization techniques are performed to confirm quantitative incorporation of carboxylic groups into ordered cubic mesostructures. These functionalized materials are used to effectively remove two cationic dyes methylene blue (MB) and phenosafranine (PF) with the maximum adsorption capacities of 561 and 519 mg g(-1), respectively, at pH 9. The zeta potential results reveal that the electrostatic interactions between cationic dye molecule and negatively charged surface of the adsorbent play a crucial role in their high adsorption capacities. For a binary component system consisting of MB and PF, competitive adsorption of these two dyes is observed with adsorption capacity values slightly lower than those of the corresponding single dye systems. The dye adsorbed material can be easily regenerated by simple acid washing and be reused for five times with MB removal efficiency still up to 98.6%, showing its great potentials in environmental remediation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. One-pot synthesis of quantum dot-labeled hydrophilic molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles for direct optosensing of folic acid in real, undiluted biological samples.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yaqiong; Wang, Zhengzheng; Niu, Hui; Zhang, Huiqi

    2016-12-15

    A facile and efficient one-pot approach for the synthesis of quantum dot (QD)-labeled hydrophilic molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) nanoparticles for direct optosensing of folic acid (FA) in the undiluted bovine and porcine serums is described. Hydrophilic macromolecular chain transfer agent-mediated reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) precipitation polymerization was used to implement the molecular imprinting of FA in the presence of CdTe quantum dots (QDs). The resulting FA-imprinted polymer nanoparticles with surface-grafted hydrophilic poly(glyceryl monomethacrylate) brushes and QDs labeling not only showed outstanding specific molecular recognition toward FA in biological samples, but also exhibited good photostability, rapid binding kinetics, and obvious template binding-induced fluorescence quenching. These characteristics make them a useful fluorescent chemosensor for directly and selectively optosensing FA in the undiluted bovine and porcine serums, with its limit of detection being 0.025μM and average recoveries ranging from 98% to 102%, even in the presence of several interfering compounds. This advanced fluorescent MIP chemosensor is highly promising for rapid quantification of FA in such applications as clinical diagnostics and food analysis.

  7. One-pot photoassisted synthesis, in situ photocatalytic testing for hydrogen generation and the mechanism of binary nitrogen and copper promoted titanium dioxide.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Sean; Mehta, Mihir; Barbash, Dmitri; Samokhvalov, Alexander

    2017-06-14

    For the sustainable production of hydrogen by photocatalysis, the use of renewable resources such as water, organic compounds from plant biomass and earth abundant metal promoters is desired. We herein describe the previously not reported "one-pot" photoassisted synthesis of a binary metal-nitrogen promoted Cu(0)-N-TiO2 photocatalyst from a N-TiO2 precursor by photodeposition of copper directly in the photocatalytic suspension. The N-TiO2 contains nanocrystalline anatase as found by XRD and Raman spectroscopy. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopy indicate that a nitrogen promoter is present as a substitutional site. The scheme of relaxation of a photoexcited charge through a substitutional nitrogen induced midgap states in N-TiO2 is proposed. The binary promoted Cu(0)-N-TiO2 photocatalyst prepared from N-TiO2 by "one-pot" photodeposition of copper in the suspension showed a high activity in the in situ hydrogen generation under near-UV/visible light with glycerol in water, up to 675 μmol g(-1) h(-1). The "one-pot" photoassisted synthesis and mechanism of operation of the Cu(0)-N-TiO2 photocatalyst are studied by the complementary in situ spectroscopic methods.

  8. Transamination at the Crossroad of the One-Pot Synthesis of N-Substituted Quinonediimines and C-Substituted Benzobisimidazoles.

    PubMed

    Andeme Edzang, Judicaelle; Chen, Zhongrui; Audi, Hassib; Canard, Gabriel; Siri, Olivier

    2016-10-10

    A green and very efficient synthesis of N-substituted benzoquinonediimines or C-substituted benzo-bis(imidazole) derivatives is described under similar conditions. The different reaction pathway is only controlled by the nature of the primary amines, which tunes the reactivity of the intermediates.

  9. Microwave-assisted copper(II)-catalyzed one-pot four-component synthesis of multifunctionalized dihydropyridines.

    PubMed

    Pasunooti, Kalyan Kumar; Nixon Jensen, Chantel; Chai, Hua; Leow, Min Li; Zhang, Da-Wei; Liu, Xue-Wei

    2010-07-12

    A fast and highly efficient copper-catalyzed multicomponent synthesis of 1,4-dihydropyridines under microwave irradiation is described. The protocol utilizes mild reaction conditions with low catalytic loading, leading to high yields. This methodology provides us with biologically active 1,4-dihydropyridine library for medicinal chemistry applications.

  10. Solvent-Selective Reactions of Alkyl Iodide with Sodium Azide for Radical Generation and Azide Substitution and Their Application to One-Pot Synthesis of Chain-End-Functionalized Polymers.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chen-Gang; Goto, Atsushi

    2017-08-02

    Herein, a new reaction of an alkyl iodide (R-I) with an azide anion (N3(-)) to reversibly generate the corresponding alkyl radical (R(•)) is reported. Via this new reaction, N3(-) was used as an efficient catalyst in living radical polymerization, yielding a well-defined polymer-iodide. A particularly interesting finding was the solvent selectivity of this reaction; namely, R-I and N3(-) generated R(•) in nonpolar solvents, while the substitution product R-N3 was generated in polar solvents. Exploiting this unique solvent selectivity, a one-pot synthesis of polymer-N3 was attained. N3(-) was first used as a catalyst for living radical polymerization in a nonpolar solvent to produce a polymer-iodide and was subsequently used as a substitution agent in a polar solvent by simply adding the polar solvent, thereby transforming the polymer-iodide to polymer-N3 in one pot. This one-pot synthesis was further applied to obtain N3-chain-end-functionalized polymer brushes on the surface, uniquely controlling the N3 coverage (number density). Using the chain-end N3, the obtained linear and brush polymers were connected to functional molecules via an azide-alkyne click reaction. The attractive features of this system include facile operation, access to unique polymer designs, and no requirement for using excess NaN3. In addition to N3(-), thiocyanate ((-)SCN) and cyanate ((-)OCN) anions were also studied.

  11. One-Pot Synthesis of Imidazole-4-Carboxylates by Microwave-Assisted 1,5-Electrocyclization of Azavinyl Azomethine Ylides

    PubMed Central

    Preti, Lisa; Attanasi, Orazio A.; Caselli, Emilia; Favi, Gianfranco; Ori, Claudia; Davoli, Paolo; Felluga, Fulvia

    2013-01-01

    Diversely functionalized imidazole-4-carboxylates were synthesized by microwave-assisted 1,5-eletrocyclization of 1,2-diaza-1,3-diene-derived azavinyl azomethine ylides. 1,2-Diaza-1,3-dienes were treated with primary aliphatic or aromatic amines and subjected to microwave irradiation in the presence of aldehydes. 3-Alkyl- and 3-arylimidazole-4-carboxylates were prepared in good yields through a one-pot multicomponent procedure. Modulation of the substituents at C-2, N-3 and C-5 was possible, and 2-unsubstituted imidazoles were obtained when paraformaldehyde was used. PMID:24273445

  12. One-pot, template-free synthesis of Pd-Pt single-crystalline hollow cubes with enhanced catalytic activity.

    PubMed

    Sun, Long; Zhang, Zhicheng; Xu, Biao; Wang, Xun

    2013-07-01

    Hollow structures have attracted ever-growing interest owing to their various excellent properties. However, a facile strategy for their fabrication is still desired. Herein, Pd-Pt alloy with three different morphologies, that is, cubes, hollow cubes, and truncated octahedrons, is synthesized by using a one-pot, template-free method. The mechanism and dynamics of this system is also studied in detail. In particular, the hollow cubic structure represents enhanced catalytic activity in both coupling reactions and in the electrochemical oxidation of formic acid. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Synthesis of Alkylidene(gem-Difluorocyclopropanes) from Propargyl Glycolates by a One-Pot Difluorocyclopropenation/Ireland-Claisen Rearrangement Sequence.

    PubMed

    Ernouf, Guillaume; Brayer, Jean-Louis; Folléas, Benoît; Demoute, Jean-Pierre; Meyer, Christophe; Cossy, Janine

    2017-04-07

    A one-pot difluorocyclopropenation/Ireland-Claisen rearrangement sequence applied to readily available propargyl glycolates was developed as a route toward functionalized alkylidene(gem-difluorocyclopropanes). This strategy conveniently avoids the isolation of the unstable 3,3-difluorocyclopropenylcarbinyl glycolates arising from the difluorocyclopropenation. The Ireland-Claisen rearrangement proceeds with high diastereoselectivity and chirality transfer to afford alkylidene(gem-difluorocyclopropanes) incorporating a quaternary stereocenter and a protected glycolic acid moiety, which are useful building blocks for the preparation of functionalized gem-difluorocyclopropanes.

  14. Controlled silver delivery by silver-cellulose nanocomposites prepared by a one-pot green synthesis assisted by microwaves.

    PubMed

    Silva, Ana Rosa; Unali, Gianfranco

    2011-08-05

    Controlled silver release from cellulosic nanocomposites was achieved by synthesizing silver nanoparticles, under microwave heating for 1-15 min, in a one-pot, versatile and sustainable process in which microcrystalline cellulose simultaneously functions as reducing, stabilizing and supporting agent in water; chitin, starch and other cellulose derivatives could also be used as reducing, stabilizing and supporting agents for silver nanoparticles and the method was also found to be extensible to the preparation of noble metal (Au, Pt) and metal oxide nanoparticle (ZnO, Cu, CuO and Cu(2)O) nanocomposites.

  15. Controlled silver delivery by silver-cellulose nanocomposites prepared by a one-pot green synthesis assisted by microwaves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosa Silva, Ana; Unali, Gianfranco

    2011-08-01

    Controlled silver release from cellulosic nanocomposites was achieved by synthesizing silver nanoparticles, under microwave heating for 1-15 min, in a one-pot, versatile and sustainable process in which microcrystalline cellulose simultaneously functions as reducing, stabilizing and supporting agent in water; chitin, starch and other cellulose derivatives could also be used as reducing, stabilizing and supporting agents for silver nanoparticles and the method was also found to be extensible to the preparation of noble metal (Au, Pt) and metal oxide nanoparticle (ZnO, Cu, CuO and Cu2O) nanocomposites.

  16. A general and expeditious one-pot synthesis of sulfoxides in high optical purity from norephedrine-derived sulfamidites.

    PubMed

    García Ruano, José L; Alemparte, Carlos; Aranda, M Teresa; Zarzuelo, María M

    2003-01-09

    A general and simple procedure for preparing any kind of enantiomerically enriched sulfoxide starting from norephedrine-derived N-benzyloxycarbonylsulfamidite 3a is reported. After one-pot reaction of 3a with RMgX, HBF(4), and R'MgX, a variety of sulfoxides 6 are obtained in ee usually higher than 93% and isolated yields ranging between 50 and 78%. The obtained configuration is tunable by simply electing the order of the addition of the reagents. [reaction--see text

  17. Direct One-Pot Synthesis of Nucleosides from Unprotected or 5-O-Monoprotected D-Ribose.

    PubMed

    Downey, A Michael; Richter, Celin; Pohl, Radek; Mahrwald, Rainer; Hocek, Michal

    2015-09-18

    New, improved methods to access nucleosides are of general interest not only to organic chemists but to the greater scientific community as a whole due their key implications in life and disease. Current synthetic methods involve multistep procedures employing protected sugars in the glycosylation of nucleobases. Using modified Mitsunobu conditions, we report on the first direct glycosylation of purine and pyrimidine nucleobases with unprotected D-ribose to provide β-pyranosyl nucleosides and a one-pot strategy to yield β-furanosides from the heterocycle and 5-O-monoprotected D-ribose.

  18. Catalytic regioselective introduction of allyl alcohol into the nonpolar polyolefins: development of one-pot synthesis of hydroxyl-capped polyolefins mediated by a new metallocene IF catalyst.

    PubMed

    Imuta, Jun-ichi; Kashiwa, Norio; Toda, Yoshihisa

    2002-02-20

    A new catalytic regioselective one-pot synthesis of hydroxyl-capped polyolefins is reported. This synthesis employs a new stereorigid bridged metallocene having an indenyl and a fluorenyl ligand named IF catalyst 1, exhibiting high catalytic performances. Here, we report on (1) the first example of allyl alcohol incorporation into the nonpolar polymer backbone using IF catalyst 1 and methylaluminoxane with high activity, high molecular weight, and high polar monomer uptake at high temperature, and (2) the first example of predominant end-site-selective introduction of an alcohol group into the polyolefins. Moreover, we observed the mixed regioselectivity by the type of alkylaluminum.

  19. Tetraethylene glycol promoted two-step, one-pot rapid synthesis of indole-3-[1-11C]acetic acid

    DOE PAGES

    Lee, Sojeong; Qu, Wenchao; Alexoff, David L.; ...

    2014-12-12

    An operationally friendly, two-step, one-pot process has been developed for the rapid synthesis of carbon-11 labeled indole-3-acetic acid ([11]IAA or [11]auxin). By replacing an aprotic polar solvent with tetraethylene glycol, nucleophilic [11]cyanation and alkaline hydrolysis reactions were performed consecutively in a single pot without a time-consuming intermediate purification step. The entire production time for this updated procedure is 55 min, which dramatically simplifies the entire synthesis and reduces the starting radioactivity required for a whole plant imaging study.

  20. Tetraethylene glycol promoted two-step, one-pot rapid synthesis of indole-3-[1-11C]acetic acid

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Sojeong; Qu, Wenchao; Alexoff, David L.; Shea, Colleen; Kim, Dohyun; Schueller, Michael; Fowler, Joanna S.

    2014-12-12

    An operationally friendly, two-step, one-pot process has been developed for the rapid synthesis of carbon-11 labeled indole-3-acetic acid ([11]IAA or [11]auxin). By replacing an aprotic polar solvent with tetraethylene glycol, nucleophilic [11]cyanation and alkaline hydrolysis reactions were performed consecutively in a single pot without a time-consuming intermediate purification step. The entire production time for this updated procedure is 55 min, which dramatically simplifies the entire synthesis and reduces the starting radioactivity required for a whole plant imaging study.

  1. Combining click-multicomponent reaction: one-pot synthesis of triazolyl methoxy-phenyl indazolo[2,1-b]phthalazine-trione derivatives.

    PubMed

    Salehi, Peyman; MaGee, David I; Dabiri, Minoo; Torkian, Laleh; Donahue, Jordan

    2012-05-01

    [(1,2,3-Triazol-4-yl)methoxy-phenyl]-2H-indazolo[2,1-b]phthalazine-trione derivatives were synthesized in a simple and efficient method from the one-pot four-component condensation reaction of phthalhydrazide, aromatic propargyloxy aldehydes, active methylene compounds (dimedone and 1,3-cyclohexanedione), and azides in the presence of Cu(OAc)(2)/sodium ascorbate and p-toluenesulfonic acid as catalysts in good to excellent yields.

  2. Asymmetric synthesis of functionalized cyclohexanes bearing five stereocenters via a one-pot organocatalytic Michael-Michael-1,2-addition sequence.

    PubMed

    Chauhan, Pankaj; Urbanietz, Gregor; Raabe, Gerhard; Enders, Dieter

    2014-07-04

    A highly stereoselective one-pot procedure involving an enantioselective Michael addition promoted by low loading of an amino-squaramide catalyst followed by an achiral base catalyzed domino Michael-Knoevenagel-type 1,2-addition sequence provides efficient access to fully substituted cyclohexanes bearing five contiguous stereogenic centers in good yields (68-86%) and excellent stereoselectivities (>30 : 1 dr and 96-99% ee).

  3. One-pot synthesis of co-substituted manganese oxide nanosheets and physical properties of lamellar aggregates

    SciTech Connect

    Kai, Kazuya; Cuisinier, Marine; Yoshida, Yukihiro; Saito, Gunzi; Kobayashi, Yoji; Kageyama, Hiroshi

    2012-11-15

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ► Solid solution nanosheets, (Mn{sub 1−x}Co{sub x})O{sub 2}, synthesized via facile one-pot process. ► The structural characterization of nanosheets revealing a single (Mn,Co)O{sub 2} layer and the solubility limit as x ∼ 0.20. ► The invariant charge density of the layer upon Co substitution. ► Systematic dependence of magnetic and optical properties of the lamellar aggregates. -- Abstract: Co-substituted manganese oxide nanosheets, (Mn{sub 1−x}Co{sub x})O{sub 2} have been synthesized in the form of a colloidal suspension via a simple one-pot method. Substitution effects on the structural, optical absorption, and magnetic properties are investigated for the nanosheets and their lamellar aggregates. The composition of the (Mn{sub 1−x}Co{sub x})O{sub 2} nanosheets can be controlled continuously by adjusting the molar ratio of the starting materials. The solubility limit is x ∼ 0.20 based on the cell volume. In the 0.00 ≤ x ≤ 0.20 range, the band gap energy, magnetic moment, and Weiss temperature change systematically with x. The charge density of the (Mn,Co)O{sub 2} layer is independent of x (i.e., [(Mn,Co)O{sub 2}]{sup 0.2−}) and the cobalt ions are trivalent in low-spin state.

  4. Iodine-catalyzed Csp3-H functionalization of methylhetarenes: One-pot synthesis and cytotoxic evaluation of heteroarenyl-benzimidazoles and benzothiazole.

    PubMed

    Baig, Mirza Feroz; Shaik, Siddiq Pasha; Nayak, V Lakshma; Alarifi, Abdullah; Kamal, Ahmed

    2017-09-01

    An efficient one-pot synthetic procedure has been developed for the preparation of heteroarenyl-benzimidazoles via oxidative Csp3-H functionalization with o-phenylenediamine using I2-DMSO in open air from easily available starting materials. Based on a logical plan a spectrum of multi fundamental reactions like iodination, Kornblum oxidation and amination were brought into one-pot. By using this simple method a library of heteroarenyl-benzimidazoles derivatives (3a-t and 5a-g) and heteroarenyl-benzothiazole (3u) have been synthesized in good to excellent yield and screened for their cytotoxicity against a group of four human cancer cell lines. Among them 3h, 3q and 5b showed significant cytotoxic activities with an IC50 of 1.69, 1.62 and 2.81µM respectively against lung cancer (A549) cell line. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. One-pot synthesis of Fe, Co and Ni-doped carbon xerogels and their magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zhi; Lv, Cong; Tan, Xiuli

    2013-09-01

    Transition metal (Fe, Co and Ni)-doped carbon xerogels were synthesized by a facile one-pot pyrolysis of the sol-gel polymer of resorcinol and formaldehyde in the presence of the corresponding metal nitrates. N2 adsorption-desorption, scanning and transmission electron microscopy proved that addition of different metals could exert a remarkable influence on the textural properties. From X-ray diffraction the phases of the metallic species were identified. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the surface morphologies of resultant metal-carbon xerogels were composed of carbon microspheres with diameters from 5 to 15 µm. Transmission electron microscopy observations illustrated that Ni-carbon xerogel was made of uniform carbon nanotubes which differed from the approximative core/shell structures of Fe- and Co-carbon xerogels. Measurements on magnetic properties indicated that the Fe-, Co-, and Ni-carbon xerogels exhibited typical ferromagnetic characteristics at room temperature.

  6. One-pot synthesis of amino acid precursors with insoluble organic matter in planetesimals with aqueous activity

    PubMed Central

    Kebukawa, Yoko; Chan, Queenie H. S.; Tachibana, Shogo; Kobayashi, Kensei; Zolensky, Michael E.

    2017-01-01

    The exogenous delivery of organic molecules could have played an important role in the emergence of life on the early Earth. Carbonaceous chondrites are known to contain indigenous amino acids as well as various organic compounds and complex macromolecular materials, such as the so-called insoluble organic matter (IOM), but the origins of the organic matter are still subject to debate. We report that the water-soluble amino acid precursors are synthesized from formaldehyde, glycolaldehyde, and ammonia with the presence of liquid water, simultaneously with macromolecular organic solids similar to the chondritic IOM. Amino acid products from hydrothermal experiments after acid hydrolysis include α-, β-, and γ-amino acids up to five carbons, for which relative abundances are similar to those extracted from carbonaceous chondrites. One-pot aqueous processing from simple ubiquitous molecules can thus produce a wide variety of meteoritic organic matter from amino acid precursors to macromolecular IOM in chondrite parent bodies. PMID:28345041

  7. One-pot electrochemical synthesis of functionalized fluorescent carbon dots and their selective sensing for mercury ion.

    PubMed

    Hou, Yuxin; Lu, Qiujun; Deng, Jianhui; Li, Haitao; Zhang, Youyu

    2015-03-25

    We propose a simple, economical, and one-pot method to synthesize water-soluble functionalized fluorescent carbon dots (C-Dots) through electrochemical carbonization of sodium citrate and urea. The as-prepared C-Dots have good photostability and exhibit a high quantum yield of 11.9%. The sizes of the C-Dots are mainly distributed in the range of 1.0-3.5 nm with an average size of 2.4 nm. It has been further used as a novel label-free sensing probe for selective detection of Hg(2+) ions with detection limit as low as 3.3 nM. The detection linear range is 0.01-10 μM. The as-prepared C-Dots are also successfully applied for the determination of Hg(2+) in real water samples.

  8. Synthesis and one-pot tethering of hydroxyl-capped phosphorylcholine onto cellulose membrane for improving hemocompatibility and antibiofouling property.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Jiang; Tong, Ling; Yi, Huaixiang; Wang, Bingxiang; Shen, Jian; Lin, Sicong

    2013-11-01

    Tethering of biomimetic phosphorylcholine derivative onto the surface of biomedical devices is an effective method for improving hemocompatibility and antibiofouling property. Herein, series of novel hydroxyl-capped phosphorylcholines (HOPC) with different carbon spacer lengths were first synthesized and characterized with element analysis (EA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR), and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). Then, HOPC (n=5, 2a) was one-pot tethered onto cellulose membrane with hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) as a coupling agent. The existence of phosphorylcholine was demonstrated by water contact angle measurement, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The hemocompatibility and antibiofouling property were evaluated by hemolytic test, platelet adhesion, protein adsorption, and Escherichia coli adhesion test. The results showed that cellulose membranes tethered with HOPC exhibited excellent hemocompatibility featured by low platelet adhesion and fibrinogen adsorption as well as antibiofouling property with bacterial adhesion resistance.

  9. One-pot facile synthesis of CuS/graphene composite as anode materials for lithium ion batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Hua-Chao; Yang, Xue-Lin; Zhang, Lu-Lu; Ni, Shi-Bing

    2014-11-01

    CuS/graphene composite has been synthesized by the one-pot hydrothermal method using thiourea as the sulfur source and reducing agent. The formation of CuS nanoparticles and the reduction of graphene oxide occur simultaneously during the hydrothermal process, which enables a uniform dispersion of CuS nanoparticles on the graphene nanosheets. The electrochemical performance of CuS/graphene composite was studied as anode materials for lithium ion batteries. The obtained CuS/graphene composite exhibits a relative high reversible capacity and good cycling stability. The good electrochemical performance of CuS/graphene composite can be attributed to graphene, which improves the electronic conductivity of composite and enhances the interfacial stability of electrode and electrolyte.

  10. One-Pot Green Synthesis and Bioapplication of l-Arginine-Capped Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 Nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lai, Yongchao; Yin, Weiwei; Liu, Jinting; Xi, Rimo; Zhan, Jinhua

    2010-02-01

    Water-soluble l-arginine-capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized using a one-pot and green method. Nontoxic, renewable and inexpensive reagents including FeCl3, l-arginine, glycerol and water were chosen as raw materials. Fe3O4 nanoparticles show different dispersive states in acidic and alkaline solutions for the two distinct forms of surface binding l-arginine. Powder X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to identify the structure of Fe3O4 nanocrystals. The products behave like superparamagnetism at room temperature with saturation magnetization of 49.9 emu g-1 and negligible remanence or coercivity. In the presence of 1-ethyl-3-(dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride, the anti-chloramphenicol monoclonal antibodies were connected to the l-arginine-capped magnetite nanoparticles. The as-prepared conjugates could be used in immunomagnetic assay.

  11. One-Pot Solvothermal Synthesis of Bi4V2O11 as A New Solar Water Oxidation Photocatalyst

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Zaiyong; Liu, Yuanyuan; Li, Mengmeng; Jing, Tao; Huang, Baibiao; Zhang, Xiaoyang; Qin, Xiaoyan; Dai, Ying

    2016-01-01

    Bi4V2O11 was prepared via a one-pot solvothermal method and characterized via XRD, Raman, XPS, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The as-prepared Bi4V2O11 sample displays excellent photocatalytic activity towards oxygen evolution under light irradiation. The hierarchical structure is in favour of the spatial separation of photogenerated electrons and holes. Furthermore, the internal polar field also plays a role in improving the charge separation. Both of the two results are responsible for excellent activity of O2 evolution. The resulting hierarchical Bi4V2O11 sample should be very promising photocatalyst for the application of photocatalytic O2 evolution in the future. PMID:26947126

  12. One-Pot Solvothermal Synthesis of Bi4V2O11 as A New Solar Water Oxidation Photocatalyst.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Zaiyong; Liu, Yuanyuan; Li, Mengmeng; Jing, Tao; Huang, Baibiao; Zhang, Xiaoyang; Qin, Xiaoyan; Dai, Ying

    2016-03-07

    Bi4V2O11 was prepared via a one-pot solvothermal method and characterized via XRD, Raman, XPS, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The as-prepared Bi4V2O11 sample displays excellent photocatalytic activity towards oxygen evolution under light irradiation. The hierarchical structure is in favour of the spatial separation of photogenerated electrons and holes. Furthermore, the internal polar field also plays a role in improving the charge separation. Both of the two results are responsible for excellent activity of O2 evolution. The resulting hierarchical Bi4V2O11 sample should be very promising photocatalyst for the application of photocatalytic O2 evolution in the future.

  13. Mussel-inspired one-pot synthesis of a fluorescent and water-soluble polydopamine-polyethyleneimine copolymer.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Chenxu; Zuo, Fang; Liao, Zhijian; Qin, Zhenli; Du, Sinan; Zhao, Zhigang

    2015-05-01

    Inspired by the molecular mechanics of mussel adhesive formation, a novel water-soluble fluorescent macromolecule (polydopamine-polyethyleneimine (PDA-PEI)) is prepared by one-pot copolymerization of dopamine (DA) and PEI. In this method, DA is polymerized to form PDA, which is then coupled with PEI mainly through Michael addition. The fluorescence property of PDA-PEI is mainly attributed to the Michael addition of PEI on the 5,6-dihydroxyindole (DHI) units of PDA, where PEI can form hydrogen bonds with oxidative products such as DHI and force the DHI units to twist out of plane, resulting in a decrease in the intra- and intermolecular coupling of PDA. In addition, the influence of various metal cations on the fluorescence of the PDA-PEI copolymer is investigated. This work may facilitate the development of new strategies for controlling the emission characteristics of PDA. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. One-pot synthesis of amino acid precursors with insoluble organic matter in planetesimals with aqueous activity.

    PubMed

    Kebukawa, Yoko; Chan, Queenie H S; Tachibana, Shogo; Kobayashi, Kensei; Zolensky, Michael E

    2017-03-01

    The exogenous delivery of organic molecules could have played an important role in the emergence of life on the early Earth. Carbonaceous chondrites are known to contain indigenous amino acids as well as various organic compounds and complex macromolecular materials, such as the so-called insoluble organic matter (IOM), but the origins of the organic matter are still subject to debate. We report that the water-soluble amino acid precursors are synthesized from formaldehyde, glycolaldehyde, and ammonia with the presence of liquid water, simultaneously with macromolecular organic solids similar to the chondritic IOM. Amino acid products from hydrothermal experiments after acid hydrolysis include α-, β-, and γ-amino acids up to five carbons, for which relative abundances are similar to those extracted from carbonaceous chondrites. One-pot aqueous processing from simple ubiquitous molecules can thus produce a wide variety of meteoritic organic matter from amino acid precursors to macromolecular IOM in chondrite parent bodies.

  15. One-Pot Synthesis of Mesoporous Ni-Ti-Al Ternary Oxides: Highly Active and Selective Catalysts for Steam Reforming of Ethanol.

    PubMed

    Gonçalves, Alexandre A S; Faustino, Patrícia B; Assaf, José M; Jaroniec, Mietek

    2017-02-22

    One-pot synthesis of nanostructured ternary oxides of Ni, Al, and Ti was designed and performed via evaporation induced self-assembly (EISA). For the purpose of comparison, analogous oxides were also prepared by the impregnation method. The resulting materials were applied in two catalytic reactions: steam reforming of ethanol (SRE) for H2 production (subjected to prior activation with H2) and ethanol dehydration (ED; used without prior activation), to in situ analyze carbon accumulation by ethylene depletion when ethanol interacts with acidic sites present on the support. Modification of Ni-Al mixed oxides with titania was shown to have several benefits. CO2, NH3, and propylamine sorption data indicate a decrease in the strength of acidic and basic sites after addition of titania, which in turn slowed down the carbon accumulation during the ED reaction. These changes in interactions between ethanol and byproducts with the support led to different reaction pathways in SRE, indicating that the catalysts obtained by EISA with titania addition showed higher ethylene selectivity and CO2/CO ratios. The opposite was observed for the impregnated catalysts, which were less coke-stable during ED reactions and showed no ethylene selectivity in SRE. Carbon formed during ED reactions was shown to be thermodynamically less favorable and easier to decompose in the presence of titania. All catalysts studied displayed similar and high selectivities (∼80%) and yields (∼5.3 molH2/molethanol) toward H2, which place them among the most active and selective catalysts for SRE. These results indicate the importance of tailoring the support surface acidity to achieve high reforming performance and higher selectivity toward SRE, one of the key processes to produce cleaner and efficient fuels. For an efficient reforming process, the yield of byproducts is low but still they affect the catalyst stability in the long-run, thus this work may impact future studies toward development of near

  16. Fully automated one-pot two-step synthesis of 4-[(18)F]-ADAM, a potent serotonin transporter imaging agent.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Cheng-Yi; Chou, Ta-Kai; Shiue, Chyng-Yann

    2016-04-01

    N,N-dimethyl-2-(2-amino-4-[(18)F]fluorophenylthio)benzylamine (4-[(18)F]-ADAM, 2) is a potent serotonin transporter (SERT) imaging agent. In order to fulfill the demand of clinical studies, we have developed a fully automated one-pot two-step synthesis of this potent SERT imaging agent. The 4-[(18)F]-ADAM (2) was synthesized using a commercially available GE TRACERlab FN module. Briefly, the precursor, N,N-dimethyl-2-(2,4-dinitrophenylthio) benzylamine (1) in DMSO was reacted with K[(18)F]/K2.2.2 in a glassy carbon reaction vessel at 120°C for 7.5min followed by reduction of the intermediate with NaBH4/Cu(OAc)2 in EtOH in the same vessel at 80°C for 20min. The reaction mixture was then purified with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and solid phase extraction (SPE) to give (2). The quality of (2) synthesized by this method was verified by HPLC and TLC as compared to its authentic sample synthesized by two-pot two-step method. Using this automated one-pot two-step method, the radiochemical yield (RCY) of (2) was 2.5±0.8% (n=12, EOS) in a synthesis time of 100±6min from EOB with a specific activity of 4.4±1.9Ci/μmol (n=12, EOS). Radioligand (2) was stable over 4h at room temperature. This fully automated one-pot two-step synthetic method using a commercially available GE TRACERlab FN module could simplify the synthesis of 4-[(18)F]-ADAM (2) and fulfill its demand for both animal and human studies, especially for study sites without a cyclotron. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. One-Pot Synthesis of 1,2-Disubstituted 4-, 5-, 6-, and 7-Azaindoles from Amino-o-halopyridines via N-Arylation/Sonogashira/Cyclization Reaction.

    PubMed

    Purificação, Sara I; Pires, Marina J D; Rippel, Rafael; Santos, A Sofia; Marques, M Manuel B

    2017-10-06

    A direct synthesis of several 1,2-disubstituted 4-, 5-, 6-, and 7-azaindoles from available amino-o-halopyridines is described. This procedure involves a palladium-catalyzed N-arylation followed by a Sonogashira reaction and subsequent cyclization in a one-pot manner, exhibiting a wide scope and compatibility with electron-withdrawing and electron-donating groups. The strategy represents an advancement in azaindole chemistry with a straightforward approach toward 1,2-disubstituted azaindoles, while avoiding complex N-arylations of hindered 2-substituted azaindoles and difficult purification steps of intermediates.

  18. One-pot wet-chemical co-reduction synthesis of bimetallic gold-platinum nanochains supported on reduced graphene oxide with enhanced electrocatalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, De-Jun; Zhang, Qian-Li; Feng, Jin-Xia; Ju, Ke-Jian; Wang, Ai-Jun; Wei, Jie; Feng, Jiu-Ju

    2015-08-01

    In this work, a simple, rapid and facile one-pot wet-chemical co-reduction method is developed for synthesis of bimetallic Au-Pt alloyed nanochains supported on reduced graphene oxide (Au-Pt NCs/RGO), in which caffeine is acted as a capping agent and a structure-directing agent, while no any seed, template, surfactant or polymer involved. The as-prepared nanocomposites display enlarged electrochemical active surface area, significantly enhanced catalytic activity and better stability for methanol and ethylene glycol oxidation, compared with commercial Pt-C (Pt 50 wt%), PtRu-C (Pt 30 wt% and Ru 15 wt%) and Pt black.

  19. One-Pot Benzo[b]phosphole Synthesis through Sequential Alkyne Arylmagnesiation, Electrophilic Trapping, and Intramolecular Phospha-Friedel-Crafts Cyclization.

    PubMed

    Wu, Bin; Chopra, Rena; Yoshikai, Naohiko

    2015-11-20

    A one-pot multicomponent synthesis of a benzo[b]phosphole derivative has been achieved by a sequence of transition-metal-catalyzed arylmagnesiation of an internal alkyne, electrophilic trapping of the resulting alkenylmagnesium species with a dichloroorganophosphine, and an intramolecular phospha-Friedel-Crafts reaction. With appropriate arylmagnesiation and P-C bond formation conditions, the present method allows for the modular and expedient preparation of benzophospholes bearing a variety of substituents on the phosphorus atom, the C2 and C3 atoms, and the "benzo" moiety.

  20. Asymmetric, Three-Component, One-Pot Synthesis of Spiropyrazolones and 2,5-Chromenediones from Aldol Condensation/NHC-Catalyzed Annulation Reactions.

    PubMed

    Wang, Lei; Li, Sun; Chauhan, Pankaj; Hack, Daniel; Philipps, Arne R; Puttreddy, Rakesh; Rissanen, Kari; Raabe, Gerhard; Enders, Dieter

    2016-04-04

    A novel one-pot, three-component diastereo- and enantioselective synthesis of spiropyrazolones has been developed involving the aldol condensation of an enal to generate α,β-unsaturated pyrazolones, which react with a second equivalent of enal through an N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-catalyzed [3+2] annulation. The desired spirocyclopentane pyrazolones are obtained in moderate to good yields and good to excellent stereoselectivities. Alternatively, starting from cyclic 1,3-diketones, 2,5-chromenediones are available through [2+4] annulation. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. A facile one-pot preparation of alkyl aminoaryl sulfides for the synthesis of GW7647 as an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha.

    PubMed

    Ham, Jungyeob; Cho, Sung Jin; Ko, Jaeyoung; Chin, Jungwook; Kang, Heonjoong

    2006-07-21

    We have developed two simple and high yielding one-pot syntheses of alkyl aminoaryl sulfides containing a series of four-steps: in situ protection of the free amine by reaction with a Grignard reagent, halogen-lithium exchange, sulfur insertion, and a substitution reaction with various electrophiles. Through this protocol, we have successfully synthesized tert-butyl-2-[4-(2-aminoethyl)phenylsulfanyl]-2-methylpropanoate, a key intermediate for the synthesis of GW7647 and GW9578 (ureido-TiBAs), in 92% yield. Furthermore, we were able to improve the overall yield of GW7647 to 66%, 3 times the yield previously reported.

  2. DABCO-catalyzed one-pot three component synthesis of dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromene substituted quinazolines and their evaluation towards anticancer activity.

    PubMed

    Vodnala, Sumathi; Bhavani, A K D; Kamutam, Ramakrishna; Naidu, V G M; Promila; Prabhakar, Ch

    2016-08-15

    A facile DABCO promoted one-pot three component synthesis of a new series of C-C linked bis-heterocycle containing dihydropyrano[c]chromene as highly fused oxa-heteryl group at C-2 position of quinazoline was developed. Quinazoline-2-carbaldehyde, substituted 4-hydroxycoumarin and ethyl cyanoacetate were used as key components in the Knoevenagel-Michael addition reaction to get the titled compounds. These compounds were screened for anti-cancer activity against the breast cancer cell lines of MDA-MB 231, and MDA-MB 453. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. One-Pot Synthesis of N-(α-Peroxy)Indole/Carbazole via Chemoselective Three-Component Condensation Reaction in Open Atmosphere.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xinbo; Pan, Yupeng; Huang, Kuo-Wei; Lai, Zhiping

    2015-11-20

    A facile one-pot synthesis of N-(α-peroxy)indole and N-(α-peroxy)carbazole has been developed using metal-free, organo-acid-catalyzed three-component condensation reactions of indole/carbazole, aldehyde, and peroxide. Based on the reaction discovered, a new synthetic proposal for Fumitremorgin A and Verruculogen is introduced. Such a protocol could be easily handled and scaled up in an open atmosphere with a wide substrate scope, enabling the construction of a new molecule library.

  4. Simultaneous introduction of various palladium active sites into MOF via one-pot synthesis: Pd@[Cu3-xPdx(BTC)2]n.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wenhua; Chen, Zhihao; Al-Naji, Majd; Guo, Penghu; Cwik, Stefan; Halbherr, Olesia; Wang, Yuemin; Muhler, Martin; Wilde, Nicole; Gläser, Roger; Fischer, Roland A

    2016-10-14

    Simultaneous incorporation of palladium within Pd-Pd and/or Pd-Cu paddlewheels as framework-nodes and Pd nanoparticle (NP) dispersion into MOF have been achieved for the first time via one-pot synthesis. In particular, the framework substitution of Cu(2+) by Pd(2+) as well as the pore loading with PdNPs have been confirmed and characterized by XPS. The obtained solids featuring such multiple Pd-sites show enhanced catalytic activity in the aqueous-phase hydrogenation of p-nitrophenol (PNP) with NaBH4 to p-aminophenol (PAP).

  5. Tandem Blaise/Palladium-Catalyzed Ullmann Coupling for the One-Pot Synthesis of Enamino Ester-Functionalized Biaryls from Nitriles.

    PubMed

    Xuan, Zi; Kim, Ju Hyun; Lee, Sang-gi

    2015-08-07

    A novel Pd-catalyzed Ullmann-type homocoupling reaction of the Blaise reaction intermediate generated by the reaction of 2-bromo arylnitriles and a Reformatsky reagent has been developed for one-pot synthesis of enamino ester-functionalized biaryls 2 in good yields. The 2,2'-substituted enamine moieties of the coupling products could be cyclized under acidic conditions through the conjugate addition/deamination cascade to afford the seven-membered N-heterocyclics 3 with biaryl backbone in excellent yields.

  6. Synthesis of ring-fused oxazolo- and pyrazoloisoquinolinones by a one-pot Pd-catalyzed carboxamidation and aldol-type condensation cascade process.

    PubMed

    Chouhan, Gagan; Alper, Howard

    2009-08-21

    A three-component cascade process is described for the synthesis of ring-fused oxazolo- and pyrazoloisoquinolinones by a one-pot carboxamidation/aldol-type condensation reaction. The cascade process involves Pd-catalyzed carboxamidation of an aryl halide/active methylene compound with oxazolidinone or pyrazolidinone, and subsequent intramolecular base-catalyzed cyclization/dehydration through an aldol-type condensation process, to give ring-fused oxazolo- and pyrazoloisoquinolinones. This methodology provides an easy one-step approach to these important classes of nitrogen-containing heterocycles and can tolerate a wide array of functional groups, including ester, nitrile, methoxy, and halide.

  7. Synthesis of polyhydroxylated decalins via two consecutive one-pot reactions: 1,4-addition/aldol reaction followed by RCM/syn-dihydroxylation

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Synthesis of novel polyhydroxylated derivatives of decalin is described. The presented methodology consists in a one-pot copper-catalyzed 1,4-addition of vinylmagnesium bromide to sugar-derived cyclohexenone, followed by an aldol reaction with a derivative of but-3-enal. The obtained diene is then subjected to an assisted tandem catalytic sequence: ring-closing metathesis with the subsequent reuse of the Ru-catalyst in the syn-dihydroxylation. The stereochemical outcome of these reactions is discussed. PMID:28144329

  8. Tandem one-pot palladium-catalyzed coupling of hydrazones, haloindoles, and amines: synthesis of amino-N-vinylindoles and their effect on human colon carcinoma cells.

    PubMed

    Roche, Maxime; Bignon, Jérôme; Brion, Jean-Daniel; Hamze, Abdallah; Alami, Mouad

    2014-08-15

    The synthesis of amino-substituted N-vinylazoles was achieved by a new palladium-assisted tandem catalytic reaction involving N-tosylhydrazones, halo-substituted azoles, and amines. Accordingly, two Csp(2)-N bonds were formed through two mechanistically distinct reactions using a single Pd(II)/Pd(0) catalyst system in a one-pot fashion. This work paves the way for the design of biological relevant compounds in an amino-substituted N-vinylindole series. Among several polyoxygenated derivatives evaluated, compounds 5e and 5u were found to exhibit good antiproliferative activity.

  9. Improved and optimized one-pot method for N-succinimidyl-4-[(18)F]fluorobenzoate ([(18)F]SFB) synthesis using microwaves.

    PubMed

    Li, Kang-Po; Hu, Ming-Kuan; Kwang-Fu Shen, Clifton; Lin, Wei-Yu; Hou, Shuang; Zhao, Li-Bo; Cheng, Cheng-Yi; Shen, Daniel H

    2014-12-01

    N-Succinimidyl-4-[(18)F]fluorobenzoate ([(18)F]SFB) is a potential prosthetic agent for novel tracer development in positron emission tomography (PET). Previously, we reported a microwave-assisted one-pot synthesis of [(18)F]SFB with high efficacy. Herein, we reveal an improved and optimized approach based on this former model for producing [(18)F]SFB. With optimized approaches, the entire protocol can be completed within 25min, and [(18)F]SFB is generated in satisfactory quality for direct use without further purification via high-performance liquid chromatography.

  10. Macrocyclic bis(phenanthroline-pyrrole): a convenient one-pot synthesis, structure(s), spectroscopic, and redox properties, and the binding of amine guests, protons, and lanthanide ions.

    PubMed

    McSkimming, Alex; Shrestha, Sumi; Bhadbhade, Mohan M; Thordarson, Pall; Colbran, Stephen B

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports a convenient, one-pot, easily scalable and readily modifiable synthesis of a novel large-ring bis(1,10-phenanthrolinyl-2,5-pyrrole) macrocycle, H2LMC, and describes its spectroscopic and electrochemical properties, protonation, cooperative amine binding, electrocatalysis of the oxidation of primary amines, photosensitization of the decomposition of dichloromethane, and the first lanthanide complexes of the hexaaza-dianion LMC(2-) including the novel dimer, [(NO3)(LMC)Eu(μ-OH)Eu(LMC )(H2 O)2]·2py.

  11. Facile one-pot four component synthesis of pyrido[2,3-d:6,5-d‧]dipyrimidines catalyzed by CuFe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles in water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naeimi, Hossein; Didar, Asieh

    2017-06-01

    A simple, efficient and green method for the synthesis of pyrido[2,3-d:6,5-d‧]dipyrimidine derivatives via one-pot four-component reaction of aromatic aldehyde, 2-thiobarbituric acid, ammonium acetate in the presence of catalytic amount of a magnetically heterogeneous catalyst has been developed. This protocol includes some important advantages such as; high to excellent product yields, high atom economy, usage of water as a green reaction medium, reusability of catalyst, and simple work-up procedure.

  12. The one-pot multienzyme (OPME) synthesis of human blood group H antigens and a human milk oligosaccharide (HMOS) with highly active Thermosynechococcus elongates α1-2-fucosyltransferase.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Chao; Wu, Yijing; Yu, Hai; Shah, Ishita M; Li, Yanhong; Zeng, Jie; Liu, Bin; Mills, David A; Chen, Xi

    2016-03-11

    A novel α1-2-fucosyltransferase from Thermosynechococcus elongatus BP-1 (Te2FT) with high fucosyltransferase activity and low donor hydrolysis activity was discovered and characterized. It was used in an efficient one-pot multienzyme (OPME) fucosylation system for the high-yield synthesis of human blood group H antigens containing β1-3-linked galactosides and an important human milk oligosaccharide (HMOS) lacto-N-fucopentaose I (LNFP I) on preparative and gram scales. LNFP I was shown to be selectively consumed by Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis but not Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis and is a potential prebiotic.

  13. One-Pot Green Synthesis of Graphene Nanosheets Encapsulated Gold Nanoparticles for Sensitive and Selective Detection of Dopamine

    PubMed Central

    Thirumalraj, Balamurugan; Rajkumar, Chellakannu; Chen, Shen-Ming; Palanisamy, Selvakumar

    2017-01-01

    We report a simple new approach for green preparation of gallic acid supported reduced graphene oxide encapsulated gold nanoparticles (GA-RGO/AuNPs) via one-pot hydrothermal method. The as-prepared composites were successfully characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction techniques (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and elemental analysis. The GA-RGO/AuNPs modified electrode behaves as a hybrid electrode material for sensitive and selective detection of dopamine (DA) in presence of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). The GA-RGO/AuNPs modified electrode displays an excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of DA and exhibits a wide linear response range over the DA concentrations from 0.01–100.3 μM with a detection limit (LOD) of 2.6 nM based on S/N = 3. In addition, the proposed sensor could be applied for the determination of DA in human serum and urine samples for practical analysis. PMID:28128225

  14. Synthesis and magnetic properties of flower-like FeCo particles through a one pot polyol process.

    PubMed

    Karipoth, Prakash; Thirumurugan, Arun; Justin Joseyphus, R

    2013-08-15

    FeCo alloys of various compositions with flower-like morphology were synthesized using a unique one pot polyol process. The morphology of Fe particles was cubic, whereas the FeCo particles showed flower-like morphology, with more petals for the Co rich FeCo. The average particle size varied from 120 to 155 nm depending on the composition of the alloy. The Curie temperature as determined by thermomagnetic analysis was 985°C for Fe67Co33 and 939°C for the Fe36Co64 samples. Their corresponding bcc to fcc phase transformation temperatures were 985 and 825°C, respectively. Coercivity up to 511Oe was observed due to the shape anisotropy arising out of the flower-like morphology compared to the usual cubic or spherical morphologies. Post-annealing studies showed that Fe67Co33 is more stable compared to other compositions. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. One-Pot Hydrothermal Synthesis of Magnetite Prussian Blue Nano-Composites and Their Application to Fabricate Glucose Biosensor

    PubMed Central

    Jomma, Ezzaldeen Younes; Ding, Shou-Nian

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we presented a simple method to synthesize magnetite Prussian blue nano-composites (Fe3O4-PB) through one-pot hydrothermal process. Subsequently, the obtained nano-composites were used to fabricate a facile and effective glucose biosensor. The obtained nanoparticles were characterized using transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, UV-vis absorbance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The resultant Fe3O4-PB nanocomposites have magnetic properties which could easily controlled by an external magnetic field and the electro-catalysis of hydrogen peroxide. Thus, a glucose biosensor based on Fe3O4-PB was successfully fabricated. The biosensor showed super-electrochemical properties toward glucose detection exhibiting fast response time within 3 to 4 s, low detection limit of 0.5 µM and wide linear range from 5 µM to 1.2 mM with sensitivity of 32 µA∙mM−1∙cm−2 and good long-term stability. PMID:26901204

  16. Safer one-pot synthesis of the ‘SHAPE’ reagent 1-methyl-7-nitroisatoic anhydride (1m7)

    PubMed Central

    Turner, Rushia; Shefer, Kinneret; Ares, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    Estimating the reactivity of 2′-hydroxyl groups along an RNA chain of interest aids in the modeling of the folded RNA structure; flexible loops tend to be reactive, whereas duplex regions are generally not. Among the most useful reagents for probing 2′-hydroxyl reactivity is 1-methyl-7-nitroisatoic anhydride (1m7), but the absence of a reliable, inexpensive source has prevented widespread adoption. An existing protocol for the conversion of an inexpensive precursor 4-nitroisatoic anhydride (4NIA) recommends the use of NaH in dimethylformamide (DMF), a reagent combination that most molecular biology labs are not equipped to handle, and that does not scale safely in any case. Here we describe a safer, one-pot method for bulk conversion of 4NIA to 1m7 that reduces costs and bypasses the use of NaH. We show that 1m7 produced by this method is free of side products and can be used to probe RNA structure in vitro. PMID:24141619

  17. One-Pot Synthesis of Noble Metal/Zinc Oxide Composites with Controllable Morphology and High Catalytic Performance.

    PubMed

    Bao, Zhihong; Yuan, Yue; Leng, Chunbo; Li, Li; Zhao, Kun; Sun, Zhenhua

    2017-05-17

    The combination of noble metal and oxide support is a good approach to reduce the cost of noble metal catalyst and improve the stability of nanocatalyst in chemical reactions. Here, noble metal/zinc oxide composites, including Pd/ZnO and Pt/ZnO, have been facilely prepared through the general one-pot hydrothermal method. Importantly, the morphology of composites can be tuned from tube, flower, and star to skin needling-like shapes by easily adjusting the alkalinity of the reaction solution. By investigating the growth mechanism and influencing factors of the morphology of noble metal/zinc oxide composites, the differences of the morphology of composites can be ascribed to various growing units and directions of ZnO crystal under different alkalinities. Among them, Pd/ZnO composites exhibited both higher catalytic activity and excellent stability in the Suzuki coupling reaction between iodobenzene and phenylboronic acid and the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol by sodium borohydride. Such supported composites will potentially be used as green and sustainable catalysts for many chemical reactions.

  18. Facile one-pot synthesis of uniform TiO2-Ag hybrid hollow spheres with enhanced photocatalytic activity.

    PubMed

    Wang, Sunli; Qian, Huanhuan; Hu, Yong; Dai, Wei; Zhong, Yijun; Chen, Jiafu; Hu, Xiao

    2013-01-28

    TiO(2)-Ag hybrid hollow spheres (about 700 nm in diameter) with a highly uniform morphology and good structural stability were facilely prepared via a one-pot hydrothermal method, using carbon spheres as templates followed by an annealing treatment. Through this route, the as-prepared hybrid hollow spheres preserved the uniformity of the initial carbon sphere templates and the loading amount of the Ag nanocrystals can be conveniently varied or controlled by the concentration of the Ag precursor. The investigation of the photocatalytic ability demonstrated that the as-prepared TiO(2)-Ag hybrid hollow spheres possess excellent photocatalytic activity, superior to commercial TiO(2) nanoparticles (Degussa P25), for the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) and methyl orange (MO) dyes under visible-light illumination. Furthermore, the ˙OH radicals formed during photocatalysis with different Ag content hybrids were revealed by means of a terephthalic acid fluorescence probe method, which uncovers that the Ag content in the TiO(2)-Ag hybrids was crucial to obtain an optimal synergistic effect between the Ag and TiO(2) for the degradation of organic pollutants. Accordingly, the optimum matching for the best photocatalytic activity was investigated thoroughly and a reasonable mechanism was also proposed.

  19. One-Pot Green Synthesis of Graphene Nanosheets Encapsulated Gold Nanoparticles for Sensitive and Selective Detection of Dopamine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thirumalraj, Balamurugan; Rajkumar, Chellakannu; Chen, Shen-Ming; Palanisamy, Selvakumar

    2017-01-01

    We report a simple new approach for green preparation of gallic acid supported reduced graphene oxide encapsulated gold nanoparticles (GA-RGO/AuNPs) via one-pot hydrothermal method. The as-prepared composites were successfully characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction techniques (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and elemental analysis. The GA-RGO/AuNPs modified electrode behaves as a hybrid electrode material for sensitive and selective detection of dopamine (DA) in presence of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). The GA-RGO/AuNPs modified electrode displays an excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of DA and exhibits a wide linear response range over the DA concentrations from 0.01–100.3 μM with a detection limit (LOD) of 2.6 nM based on S/N = 3. In addition, the proposed sensor could be applied for the determination of DA in human serum and urine samples for practical analysis.

  20. Novel hierarchical tantalum oxide-PDMS hybrid coating for medical implants: One pot synthesis, characterization and modulation of fibroblast proliferation.

    PubMed

    Tran, Phong A; Fox, Kate; Tran, Nhiem

    2017-01-01

    Surface properties such as morphology, roughness and charge density have a strong influence on the interaction of biomaterials and cells. Hierarchical materials with a combination of micron/submicron and nanoscale features for coating of medical implants could therefore have significant potential to modulate cellular responses and eventually improve the performance of the implants. In this study, we report a simple, one pot wet chemistry preparation of a hybrid coating system with hierarchical surface structures consisting of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and tantalum oxide. Medical grade, amine functional PDMS was mixed with tantalum ethoxide which subsequently formed Ta2O5in situ through hydrolysis and condensation during coating process. The coatings were characterized by SEM, EDS, XPS, confocal scanning microscopy, contact angle measurement and in vitro cell culture. Varying PDMS and tantalum ethoxide ratios resulted in coatings of different surface textures ranging from smooth to submicro- and nano-structured. Strikingly, hierarchical surfaces containing both microscale (1-1.5μm) and nanoscale (86-163nm) particles were found on coatings synthesized with 20% and 40% (v/v) tantalum ethoxide. The coatings were similar in term of hydrophobicity but showed different surface roughness and chemical composition. Importantly, higher cell proliferation was observed on hybrid surface with hierarchical structures compared to pure PDMS or pure tantalum oxide. The coating process is simple, versatile, carried out under ambient condition and requires no special equipment. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. One-pot synthesis of hollow NiSe-CoSe nanoparticles with improved performance for hybrid supercapacitors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Haichao; Fan, Meiqiang; Li, Chao; Tian, Guanglei; Lv, Chunju; Chen, Da; Shu, Kangying; Jiang, Jianjun

    2016-10-01

    Hollow NiSe-CoSe samples have been synthesized for the first time via a one-pot solvothermal approach. The strategy is robust enough to synthesize NiSe-CoSe nanoparticles with different NiSe to CoSe ratios but with a similar hollow structure. Co ions in the NiSe-CoSe nanoparticles play decisive role for formation of the hollow structure; otherwise, the nanoparticles become solid for the NiSe sample. When used as the positive electroactive materials for energy storage, the NiSe-CoSe samples show excellent electrochemical activity in alkaline electrolyte. Using the synergistic effect between NiSe and CoSe, the electrochemical performance of NiSe-CoSe can be tuned by varying the NiSe to CoSe ratios. The NiSe-CoSe sample with a NiSe to CoSe ratio of 4:2 shows the best electrochemical performance in terms of superior specific capacity, improved rate capability and excellent cycling stability. In addition, the electrochemical performance of NiSe-CoSe sample with a NiSe to CoSe ratio of 4:2 is also evaluated via assembling hybrid supercapacitors with RGO, and the hybrid supercapacitor delivers both high power and energy densities (41.8 Wh kg-1 at 750 W kg-1 and 20.3 Wh kg-1 at 30 kW kg-1).

  2. Facile one-pot synthesis of Pt/graphene-TiO2 hybrid catalyst with enhanced methanol electrooxidation performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Lei; Wang, Zhen-Bo; Liu, Jing; Zhang, Jing-Jia; Sui, Xu-Lei; Zhang, Li-Mei; Gu, Da-Ming

    2015-04-01

    Pt/graphene-TiO2 hybrid catalysts have been synthesized by a facile one-pot solvothermal method. The Structural properties of obtained Pt/graphene-TiO2 catalysts are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).Interesting, TEM presents Pt nanoparticles seem preferentially to locate between TiO2 and graphene, forming the unique triple junctions structure. The electrochemical experimental results indicate that Pt/graphene-TiO2 catalyst exhibits 1.46 times higher activity for methanol electrooxidation than that of Pt/graphene and its stability is improved by 15% as compared with Pt/graphene. Moreover, performance of Pt/graphene-TiO2 hybrid catalyst is evaluated by the Single Fuel Cell Tests for the first time. Single fuel cell tests show the maximum power density of the direct methanol fuel cell using Pt/graphene-TiO2 as the anode catalyst is increased by 55% compared with that using Pt/graphene catalyst at the same operating conditions. The significantly enhanced electrochemical performance can be ascribed to (1) the synergetic effect between Pt, graphene and TiO2; (2) strong metal-support interaction (SMSI) between Pt nanoparticles and TiO2. These findings suggest their great potential applications in fuel cells.

  3. One-pot inimer promoted ROCP synthesis of branched copolyesters using α-hydroxy-γ-butyrolactone as the branching reagent.

    PubMed

    Hua, Geng; Franzén, Johan; Odelius, Karin

    2016-07-01

    An array of branched poly(ɛ-caprolactone)s was successfully synthesized using an one-pot inimer promoted ring-opening multibranching copolymerization (ROCP) reaction. The biorenewable, commercially available yet unexploited comonomer and initiator 2-hydroxy-γ-butyrolactone was chosen as the inimer to extend the use of 5-membered lactones to branched structures and simultaneously avoiding the typical tedious work involved in the inimer preparation. Reactions were carried out both in bulk and in solution using stannous octoate (Sn(Oct)2) as the catalyst. Polymerizations with inimer equivalents varying from 0.01 to 0.2 were conducted which resulted in polymers with a degree of branching ranging from 0.049 to 0.124. Detailed ROCP kinetics of different inimer systems were compared to illustrate the branch formation mechanism. The resulting polymer structures were confirmed by (1)H, (13)C, and 1H-13C HSQC NMR and SEC (RI detector and triple detectors). The thermal properties of polymers with different degree of branching were investigated by DSC, confirming the branch formation. Through this work, we have extended the current use of the non-homopolymerizable γ-butyrolactone to the branched polymers and thoroughly examined its behaviors in ROCP. © 2016 The Authors. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2016, 54, 1908-1918.

  4. One-Pot Green Synthesis of Graphene Nanosheets Encapsulated Gold Nanoparticles for Sensitive and Selective Detection of Dopamine.

    PubMed

    Thirumalraj, Balamurugan; Rajkumar, Chellakannu; Chen, Shen-Ming; Palanisamy, Selvakumar

    2017-01-27

    We report a simple new approach for green preparation of gallic acid supported reduced graphene oxide encapsulated gold nanoparticles (GA-RGO/AuNPs) via one-pot hydrothermal method. The as-prepared composites were successfully characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction techniques (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and elemental analysis. The GA-RGO/AuNPs modified electrode behaves as a hybrid electrode material for sensitive and selective detection of dopamine (DA) in presence of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). The GA-RGO/AuNPs modified electrode displays an excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of DA and exhibits a wide linear response range over the DA concentrations from 0.01-100.3 μM with a detection limit (LOD) of 2.6 nM based on S/N = 3. In addition, the proposed sensor could be applied for the determination of DA in human serum and urine samples for practical analysis.

  5. A Facile One-Pot Synthesis of Au/Cu2O Nanocomposites for Nonenzymatic Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Ting; Tian, Liangliang; Chen, Yuan; Liu, Bitao; Zhang, Jin

    2015-06-01

    Au/Cu2O nanocomposites were successfully synthesized by a facile one-pot redox reaction without additional reducing agent under room temperature. The morphologies and structures of the as-prepared products were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The electrocatalytic performance of Au/Cu2O nanocomposites towards hydrogen peroxide was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA). The prepared Au/Cu2O nanocomposite electrode showed a wide linear range from 25 to 11.2 mM ( R = 0.9989) with a low detection limit of 1.05 μM ( S/ N = 3) and high sensitivity of 292.89 mA mM-1 cm-2. The enhanced performance for H2O2 detection can be attributed to the introduction of Au and the synergistic effect between Au and Cu2O. It is demonstrated that the Au/Cu2O nanocomposites material could be a promising candidate for H2O2 detection.

  6. One-pot synthesis of γ-MnS/reduced graphene oxide with enhanced performance for aqueous asymmetric supercapacitors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Guanggao; Kong, Menglai; Yao, Yadong; Long, Lu; Yan, Minglei; Liao, Xiaoming; Yin, Guangfu; Huang, Zhongbing; Asiri, Abdullah M.; Sun, Xuping

    2017-02-01

    In this work, γ-MnS/reduced graphene oxide composites (γ-MnS/rGO) were prepared using a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. As an electrode material for supercapacitors, the γ-MnS/rGO-60 composite obtained under dosages of graphene oxide was 60 mg and exhibited an enhanced specific capacitance of 547.6 F g-1 at a current density of 1 A g-1, and outstanding rate capability (65% capacitance retention at 20 A g-1), with superior cycling stability and electrochemical reversibility. An asymmetric supercapacitor assembled from γ-MnS/rGO-60 composite and rGO (γ-MnS/rGO-60//rGO) showed a voltage window of 0-1.6 V and delivered a high energy density of 23.1 W h kg-1 at a power density of 798.8 W kg-1, and 15.9 W h kg-1 at 4.5 kW kg-1. Moreover, two such 1.0 × 1.0 cm2 devices connected together in series easily light up a group of LED lights, showing its potential practical application as an attractive energy storage device.

  7. 2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperydinyl-1-oxyl (TEMPO) Functionalized Benzoxazines Prepared with a One-Pot Synthesis for Reactive/Crosslinkable Initiators of Nitroxide Mediated Polymerization.

    PubMed

    Han, Yi-Jen; Liu, Ying-Ling

    2017-08-01

    In this work, the incorporation of a 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperydinyl-1-oxyl (TEMPO) group to a benzoxazine ring is performed using a one-pot synthesis for the preparation of TEMPO-functionalized benzoxazine compounds and polymers as reactive and crosslinkable initiators for nitroxide-mediated polymerization (NMP). The TEMPO-functionalization reaction of benzoxazine, traced with (1) H NMR, is conducted with sequential radical transfer and coupling reactions. Moreover, polystyrene-grafted polybenzoxazine copolymers are prepared with the TEMPO-benzoxazine initiator and NMP of styrene. The polymerization system exhibits the characteristics of controlled radical polymerization, including controlled molecular weights of products and ability for sequential polymerization. Moreover, based on the chemical reactivity and crosslinking ability of benzoxazine groups, the synthesis route developed in this work will widen the scope of the design and synthesis of functional and high-performance polymers. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. One-pot chemical synthesis of small ubiquitin-like modifier protein-peptide conjugates using bis(2-sulfanylethyl)amido peptide latent thioester surrogates.

    PubMed

    Boll, Emmanuelle; Drobecq, Hervé; Ollivier, Nathalie; Blanpain, Annick; Raibaut, Laurent; Desmet, Rémi; Vicogne, Jérôme; Melnyk, Oleg

    2015-02-01

    Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) post-translational modification (PTM) of proteins has a crucial role in the regulation of important cellular processes. This protocol describes the chemical synthesis of functional SUMO-peptide conjugates. The two crucial stages of this protocol are the solid-phase synthesis of peptide segments derivatized by thioester or bis(2-sulfanylethyl)amido (SEA) latent thioester functionalities and the one-pot assembly of the SUMO-peptide conjugate by a sequential native chemical ligation (NCL)/SEA native peptide ligation reaction sequence. This protocol also enables the isolation of a SUMO SEA latent thioester, which can be attached to a target peptide or protein in a subsequent step. It is compatible with 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) chemistry, and it gives access to homogeneous, reversible and functional SUMO conjugates that are not easily produced using living systems. The synthesis of SUMO-peptide conjugates on a milligram scale takes 20 working days.

  9. One-Pot Synthesis of GeAs Ultrafine Particles from Coal Fly Ash by Vacuum Dynamic Flash Reduction and Inert Gas Condensation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lingen; Xu, Zhenming

    2017-06-16

    Ge-monopnictides (GeAs) plays critical role in high-tech industry, especially in the field of advanced optical devices and infrared. As a secondary material, coal fly ash could be further recycled to retrieve germanium and prepare GeAs material with high added values. Hence, the aim of this paper is to propose a one-pot synthesis that uses vacuum flash reduction and inert-gas consolidation method to prepare GeAs ultrafine particles. Germanium in coal fly ash can be successfully recycled; simultaneously, GeAs ultrafine particles were prepared. Separation principle and feasibility of this process was discussed. Temperature, carrier gas flow rate and system pressure were the major factors on formation, morphology and distribution of particle size of GeAs ultrafine particles. A three steps synthetic mechanism was clarified, namely, thermal rupture of coal fly ash and release of GeO2 and As2O3, the gas-solid phase reaction of GeO2, As2O3 and coke to generate metallic Ge and As in vacuum flash reduction. Meantime, GeAs were produced in the gas phase reaction. Finally, GeAs ultrafine particles were obtained by carrier gas condensation. In short, this research developed a practical and environment-friendly one-pot synthesis to recycle germanium in coal fly ash and prepare GeAs ultrafine particles with high added values.

  10. One pot synthesis of chitosan grafted quaternized resin for the removal of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Banu, H Thagira; Meenakshi, Sankaran

    2017-03-10

    The present study deals with the synthesis of chitosan quaternized resin for efficient removal of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous solution. The resin was characterized with FTIR, SEM with EDX and XRD. Batch method was carried out to optimize various parameters such as contact time, initial concentration of nitrate and phosphate, dosage, pH, co-anions and temperature on the adsorption capacity of the adsorbent. The adsorption process illustrated that the Freundlich isotherm and the pseudo-second order are the best fitted models for the sorption of both anions. The respective negative values of ΔH° and ΔG° revealed that the adsorption of both the anions were exothermic and spontaneous. The removal efficiency of nitrate and phosphate on chitosan quaternized resin were 78% and 90% respectively with 0.1g of adsorbent and the initial concentration as 100mg/L. Nitrate and phosphate anions adsorbed effectively on chitosan quaternized resin by replacing Cl(-) ions from quaternary site through electrostatic attraction as well as ion-exchange mechanism. Hydrogen bonding also played important role in adsorption process. Even after 7th regeneration cycle the adsorbent retained its adsorption capacity as 23.7mg/g and 30.4mg/g for both nitrate and phosphate respectively.

  11. One-pot synthesis of silicon nanoparticles trapped in ordered mesoporous carbon for use as an anode material in lithium-ion batteries.

    PubMed

    Park, Junsu; Kim, Gil-Pyo; Nam, Inho; Park, Soomin; Yi, Jongheop

    2013-01-18

    Silicon nanoparticles trapped in an ordered mesoporous carbon composite were prepared by a one-step self-assembly with solvent evaporation using the triblock copolymer Pluronic F127 and a resorcinol-formaldehyde polymer as the templating agent and carbon precursor respectively. Such a one-pot synthesis of Si/ordered mesoporous carbon nanocomposite is suitable for large-scale synthesis. Characterization confirmed that the Si nanoparticles were trapped in the ordered mesoporous carbon, as evidenced by transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction analysis and nitrogen sorption isotherms. The composite showed a high reversible capacity above 700 mA h g(-1) during 50 cycles at 2 A g(-1). The improved electrochemical performance of the composite can be ascribed to the buffering effect of spaces formed in the ordered pore channels during the volume expansion of silicon and the rapid movement of lithium ions through the uniform cylindrical pore structure of the mesopores.

  12. One-pot synthesis of a new high vinyl content hybrid silica monolith dedicated to nanoliquid chromatography.

    PubMed

    Racha, El-Debs; Gay, Pauline; Dugas, Vincent; Demesmay, Claire

    2016-03-01

    A new vinyltrimethoxysilane-based hybrid silica monolith was developed and used as a reversed-phase capillary column. The synthesis of this rich vinyl hybrid macroporous monolith, by cocondensation of vinyltrimethoxysilane with tetramethoxysilane, was investigated using an unconventional (formamide, nitric acid) porogen/catalyst system. A macroporous hybrid silica monolith with 80% in mass of vinyltrimethoxysilane in the feeding silane solution was obtained and compared to a more conventional low vinyl content hybrid monolith with only of 20% vinyltrimethoxysilane. Monoliths were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, (29) Si nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and N2 adsorption-desorption. About 80% of the vinyl precursor was incorporated in the final materials, leading to 15.9 and 61.5% of Si atoms bonded to vinyl groups for 20% vinyltrimethoxysilane and 80% vinyltrimethoxysilane, respectively. The 80% vinyltrimethoxysilane monolith presents a lower surface area than 20% vinyltrimethoxysilane (159 versus 551 m(2) /g), which is nevertheless compensated by a higher vinyl surface density. Chromatographic properties were evaluated in reversed-phase mode. Plots of ln(k) versus percentage of organic modifier were used to assess the reversed-phase mechanism. Its high content of organic groups leads to high retention properties. Column efficiencies of 170 000 plates/m were measured for this 80% vinyltrimethoxysilane hybrid silica monolith. Long capillary monolithic columns (90 cm) were successfully synthesized (N = 120 000).

  13. One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of Nitrogen-doped graphene as high-performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries

    PubMed Central

    Xing, Zheng; Ju, Zhicheng; Zhao, Yulong; Wan, Jialu; Zhu, Yabo; Qiang, Yinghuai; Qian, Yitai

    2016-01-01

    Nitrogen-doped (N-doped) graphene has been prepared by a simple one-step hydrothermal approach using hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) as single carbon and nitrogen source. In this hydrothermal process, HMTA pyrolyzes at high temperature and the N-doped graphene subsequently self-assembles on the surface of MgO particles (formed by the Mg powder reacting with H2O) during which graphene synthesis and nitrogen doping are simultaneously achieved. The as-synthesized graphene with incorporation of nitrogen groups possesses unique structure including thin layer thickness, high surface area, mesopores and vacancies. These structural features and their synergistic effects could not only improve ions and electrons transportation with nanometer-scale diffusion distances but also promote the penetration of electrolyte. The N-doped graphene exhibits high reversible capacity, superior rate capability as well as long-term cycling stability, which demonstrate that the N-doped graphene with great potential to be an efficient electrode material. The experimental results provide a new hydrothermal route to synthesize N-doped graphene with potential application for advanced energy storage, as well as useful information to design new graphene materials. PMID:27184859

  14. One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of Nitrogen-doped graphene as high-performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xing, Zheng; Ju, Zhicheng; Zhao, Yulong; Wan, Jialu; Zhu, Yabo; Qiang, Yinghuai; Qian, Yitai

    2016-05-01

    Nitrogen-doped (N-doped) graphene has been prepared by a simple one-step hydrothermal approach using hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) as single carbon and nitrogen source. In this hydrothermal process, HMTA pyrolyzes at high temperature and the N-doped graphene subsequently self-assembles on the surface of MgO particles (formed by the Mg powder reacting with H2O) during which graphene synthesis and nitrogen doping are simultaneously achieved. The as-synthesized graphene with incorporation of nitrogen groups possesses unique structure including thin layer thickness, high surface area, mesopores and vacancies. These structural features and their synergistic effects could not only improve ions and electrons transportation with nanometer-scale diffusion distances but also promote the penetration of electrolyte. The N-doped graphene exhibits high reversible capacity, superior rate capability as well as long-term cycling stability, which demonstrate that the N-doped graphene with great potential to be an efficient electrode material. The experimental results provide a new hydrothermal route to synthesize N-doped graphene with potential application for advanced energy storage, as well as useful information to design new graphene materials.

  15. Ag2Te quantum dots with compact surface coatings of multivalent polymers: ambient one-pot aqueous synthesis and the second near-infrared bioimaging.

    PubMed

    Yang, Min; Gui, Rijun; Jin, Hui; Wang, Zonghua; Zhang, Feifei; Xia, Jianfei; Bi, Sai; Xia, Yanzhi

    2015-02-01

    In this study, we described a facile ambient one-pot aqueous synthesis of fluorescent Ag2Te quantum dots (QDs) adopting multivalent polymers (poly(maleic anhydride) homopolymers) as stabilizers. In experiments, Ag2Te QDs were synthesized via a stepwise addition of the stabilizers, precursors (AgNO3/Na2TeO3) and promoters (NaBH4/N2H4 · H2O) in ambient one-pot aqueous solution. By regulating the compositions of raw materials, water-dispersed Ag2Te QDs (3.8-4.7 nm) were achieved and exhibited tunable photoluminescence (PL) emission (995-1068 nm) in the second near-infrared (NIR-II) region, accompanying with the minimized surface coating thickness (1.5-1.9 nm). Such compact coating of multivalent polymers promoted PL emission of Ag2Te QDs, so showing high PL quantum yields (PLQYs: 13.1-15.2%). In addition to compact sizes and high PLQYs, experimental results testified that the Ag2Te QDs demonstrated high photo-/colloidal stability and ultralow cytotoxicity, which implied their promising applications, especially serving as an effective nanoprobe for bioimaging in the NIR-II biological window. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Microwave-assisted one-pot synthesis of ring-fused aminals under catalyst- and solvent-free conditions

    EPA Science Inventory

    Heterocyclic compounds hold a special place in drug discovery and variety of techniques such as combinatorial synthesis, parallel synthesis, and automated library production to increase the output of these entities has been developed. Although most of these techniques are rapid a...

  17. Ultrasonic-assisted one-pot preparation of ZnO/Ag3VO4 nanocomposites for efficiently degradation of organic pollutants under visible-light irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kiantazh, Fariba; Habibi-Yangjeh, Aziz

    2015-11-01

    We report a facile ultrasonic-assisted one-pot method for preparation of ZnO/Ag3VO4 nanocomposites with different mole fractions of silver vanadate. The preparation method has considerable merits such as short preparation time, large-scale, and one-pot strategy. The resultant samples were fairly characterized by means of XRD, EDX, SEM, TEM, UV-vis DRS, FT-IR, and PL techniques. Visible-light activity of the resultant samples was investigated by degradation of rhodamine B (RhB), methylene blue (MB), and methyl orange (MO). Among the prepared nanocomposites, the ZnO/Ag3VO4 nanocomposite with 0.073 mole fraction of Ag3VO4 exhibited the best activity and excessive amount of Ag3VO4 resulted in decrease of the activity. Photocatalytic activity of this nanocomposite under visible-light irradiation is about 21, 56, and 2.8-fold higher than that of the ZnO sample in degradation of RhB, MB, and MO, respectively. The highly enhanced activity of the nanocomposite was attributed to greater generation of electron-hole pairs, due to photosensitizing role of Ag3VO4 under visible-light irradiation, and efficiently separation of the photogenerated electron-hole pairs, due to formation of n-n heterojunction between the counterparts. Furthermore, it was revealed that the photocatalytic activity largely depends on ultrasonic irradiation time, calcination temperature, and scavengers of the reactive species.

  18. A Fully-automated One-pot Synthesis of [18F]Fluoromethylcholine with Reduced Dimethylaminoethanol Contamination via [18F]Fluoromethyl Tosylate

    PubMed Central

    Rodnick, Melissa E.; Brooks, Allen F.; Hockley, Brian G.; Henderson, Bradford D.; Scott, Peter J. H.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction A novel one-pot method for preparing [18F]fluoromethylcholine ([18F]FCH) via in situ generation of [18F]fluoromethyl tosylate ([18F]FCH2OTs), and subsequent [18F]fluoromethylation of dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE), has been developed. Methods [18F]FCH was prepared using a GE TRACERlab FXFN, although the method should be readily adaptable to any other fluorine-18 synthesis module. Initially ditosylmethane was fluorinated to generate [18F]FCH2OTs. DMAE was then added and the reaction was heated at 120°C for 10 min to generate [18F]FCH. After this time, reaction solvent was evaporated, and the crude reaction mixture was purified by solid-phase extraction using C18-Plus and CM-Light Sep-Pak cartridges to provide [18F]FCH formulated in USP saline. The formulated product was passed through a 0.22 μm filter into a sterile dose vial, and submitted for quality control testing. Total synthesis time was 1.25 hours from end-of-bombardment. Results Typical non-decay-corrected yields of [18F]FCH prepared using this method were 91 mCi (7% non-decay corrected based upon ~1.3 Ci [18F]fluoride), and doses passed all other quality control (QC) tests. Conclusion A one-pot liquid-phase synthesis of [18F]FCH has been developed. Doses contain extremely low levels of residual DMAE (31.6 μg / 10 mL dose or ~3 ppm) and passed all other requisite QC testing, confirming their suitability for use in clinical imaging studies. PMID:23665261

  19. Size-controlled one-pot synthesis of fluorescent cadmium sulfide semiconductor nanoparticles in an apoferritin cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iwahori, K.; Yamashita, I.

    2008-12-01

    A simple size-controlled synthesis of cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticle (NP) cores in the cavity of apoferritin from horse spleen (HsAFr) was performed by a slow chemical reaction synthesis and a two-step synthesis protocol. We found that the CdS NP core synthesis was slow and that premature CdS NP cores were formed in the apoferritin cavity when the concentration of ammonia water was low. It was proven that the control of the ammonia water concentration can govern the CdS NP core synthesis and successfully produce size-controlled CdS NP cores with diameters from 4.7 to 7.1 nm with narrow size dispersion. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) observation characterized the CdS NP cores obtained as cubic polycrystalline NPs, which showed photoluminescence with red shifts depending on their diameters. From the research of CdS NP core synthesis in the recombinant apoferritins, the zeta potential of apoferritin is important for the biomineralization of CdS NP cores in the apoferritin cavity. These synthesized CdS NPs with different photoluminescence properties will be applicable in a wide variety of nano-applications.

  20. An efficient one pot syntheses of aryl-3,3'-bis(indolyl)methanes and studies on their spectral characteristics, DPPH radical scavenging-, antimicrobial-, cytotoxicity-, and antituberculosis activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suresh Kumar, G. S.; Kumaresan, S.; Antony Muthu Prabhu, A.; Bhuvanesh, N.; Seethalakshmi, P. G.

    2013-01-01

    An efficient one-pot syntheses of aryl-3,3'-bis(indolyl)methanes (BIMs) from indole/2-methylindole and formylphenoxyaliphatic acid(s) is described. Esterification of carboxylic acid and aromatic electrophilic substitution reactions are achieved simultaneous in the presence of potash alum as a catalyst. This catalyst could be recovered and reused without substantial loss in its catalytic activity and the methodology could be applied on a range of closely related substrates. The solvation characteristics in ground and excited states of the compounds by monitoring the absorbance and fluorescence band maxima have been studied. The fluorescence studies in protic and aprotic solvents were rationalized on the basis of solute-solvent interaction and substituents effect on these photophysical processes analyzed. The compounds prepared showed efficient antimicrobial effect against human pathogens, cytotoxicity against A431 cell line, and DPPH radical scavenging effect. Single crystal XRD studies have been carried out for a few compounds synthesized in this work.

  1. One pot synthesis of GDP-mannose by a multi-enzyme cascade for enzymatic assembly of lipid-linked oligosaccharides.

    PubMed

    Rexer, Thomas F T; Schildbach, Anna; Klapproth, Jan; Schierhorn, Angelika; Mahour, Reza; Pietzsch, Markus; Rapp, Erdmann; Reichl, Udo

    2017-09-18

    Glycosylation of proteins is a key function of the biosynthetic-secretory pathway in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus. Glycosylated proteins play a crucial role in cell trafficking and signaling, cell-cell adhesion, blood-group antigenicity, and immune response. In addition, the glycosylation of proteins is an important parameter in the optimization of many glycoprotein-based drugs such as monoclonal antibodies. In vitro glycoengineering of proteins requires glycosyltransferases as well as expensive nucleotide sugars. Here, we present a designed pathway consisting of five enzymes, glucokinase (Glk), phosphomannomutase (ManB), mannose-1-phosphate-guanyltransferase (ManC), inorganic pyrophosphatase (PmPpA) and 1-domain polyphosphate kinase 2 (1D-Ppk2) expressed in E. coli for the cell-free production and regeneration of GDP-mannose from mannose and polyphosphate with catalytic amounts of GDP and ADP. It was shown that GDP-mannose is produced at various conditions, i.e. pH 7-8, temperature 25-35°C and co-factor concentrations of 5-20 mM MgCl2 . The maximum reaction rate of GDP-mannose achieved was 2.7 µM/min at 30°C and 10 mM MgCl2 producing 566 nmol GDP-mannose after a reaction time of 240 min. With respect to the initial GDP concentration (0.8 mM) this is equivalent to a yield of 71%. Additionally, the cascade was coupled to purified, transmembrane-deleted Alg1 (ALG1▵TM), the first mannosyltransferase in the ER-associated lipid-linked oligosaccharide (LLO) assembly. Thereby, in a one-pot reaction, phytanyl-PP-(GlcNAc)2 -Man1 was produced with efficient nucleotide sugar regeneration for the first time. Phytanyl-PP-(GlcNAc)2 -Man1 can serve as a substrate for the synthesis of LLO for the cell-free in vitro glycosylation of proteins. A high-performance anion exchange chromatography method with UV and conductivity detection (HPAEC-UV/CD) assay was optimized and validated to determine the enzyme kinetics. The established kinetic model

  2. Ultrasonic irradiation-promoted one-pot synthesis of CH3NH3PbBr3 quantum dots without using flammable CH3NH2 precursor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Han; Wang, Chunlei; Lv, Changgui; Xu, Shuhong; Zhu, Li; Zhang, Ruohu; Cui, Yiping

    2017-02-01

    At present, the CH3NH3PbBr3 quantum dots (QDs) reported in the literature usually contain two synthesis steps: the initial preparation of CH3NH3Br via the reaction of flammable CH3NH2 and HBr, together with the subsequent formation of CH3NH3PbBr3 QDs. To avoid the use of dangerous CH3NH2, this work develops a novel one-pot method for synthesizing CH3NH3PbBr3 QDs using safe and commercially available reactants (CH3NH3Cl, KBr and PbCl2). It is found that ultrasonic treatment plays a key role during the synthesis of CH3NH3PbBr3 QDs. Without ultrasonic irradiation, it is not possible to synthesize CH3NH3PbBr3 QDs under heating or vigorous stirring. Aliquots of samples taken at different ultrasonic irradiation time intervals show a time-dependent redshift in the emission wavelength. This suggests the formation of CH3NH3PbCl3 QDs first, followed by the formation of CH3NH3PbBr3 QDs through ultrasonically promoted halide exchange. Moreover, mixed CH3NH3PbCl x Br3‑x QDs with a tunable emission wavelength can also be prepared through this one-pot method by controlling the ultrasonic irradiation time. In comparison to the previous two-step method, the current one-pot method is simpler, less time-consuming and does not use flammable CH3NH2. The as-prepared CH3NH3PbBr3 QDs show a comparable photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield (QY) to that of the literature. What is more, the ultrasonic time-controlled emission wavelength of CH3NH3PbCl x Br3‑x QDs also provides an alternative way of tuning QD emission to the traditional way of controlling the halide ratios.

  3. One-pot synthesis of gold nanorods via autocatalytic growth of sonochemically formed gold seeds: the effect of irradiation time on the formation of seeds and nanorods.

    PubMed

    Okitsu, Kenji; Nunota, Yuho

    2014-11-01

    A one-pot synthesis for gold nanorods was developed using sonochemical reduction of gold ions in an aqueous solution in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, silver nitrate, and ascorbic acid, where we focused on the autocatalytic growth of gold seeds formed by ultrasonic irradiation for short times. In growth experiments with these sonochemically formed gold seeds, sigmoidal shape growth curves were observed, and the induction period before growth began was longer for shorter irradiation times. This result indicated that the number of sonochemically formed gold seeds increased with increasing irradiation time. The average aspect ratio of the gold nanorods produced changed from 2.0 at an irradiation time of 0.5min to 3.6 at 15min. The gold nanorods produced were longer and wider when the irradiation time was shorter.

  4. One-pot synthesis of gold nanorods by ultrasonic irradiation: the effect of pH on the shape of the gold nanorods and nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Okitsu, Kenji; Sharyo, Kohei; Nishimura, Rokuro

    2009-07-21

    A novel one-pot synthesis method to prepare gold nanorods was developed by using sonochemical reduction of gold ions in aqueous solution. The size of the sonochemically formed gold nanorods was less than 50 nm, and their average aspect ratio decreased with increasing pH of the solution. The aspect ratio measured was 3.0 at pH 3.5, 2.2 at pH 5.0, and 2.1 at pH 6.5. At pH 7.7, irregular shaped gold nanoparticles were formed. At pH 9.8, most of the particles formed had a spherical shape with a smaller particle size than those formed in the lower pH solutions. Based on the obtained results, it was clear that the size and shape of the sonochemically formed gold nanoparticles are dramatically dependent on the pH value of the solution.

  5. Type II Anion Relay Chemistry: Exploiting Bifunctional Weinreb Amide Linchpins for the One-Pot Synthesis of Differentiated 1,3-Diketones, Pyrans, and Spiroketals

    PubMed Central

    Farrell, Mark; Melillo, Bruno

    2016-01-01

    The design, synthesis, and validation of new highly effective bifunctional linchpins for type II anion relay chemistry (ARC) has been achieved. The mechanistically novel negative-charge migration that comprises the Brook rearrangement is now initiated by a stabilized tetrahedral intermediate, which is generated by nucleophilic addition to a Weinreb amide, rather than by a simple oxyanion that is generated from an epoxide. As a result, the linchpin preserves the carbonyl functionality in the ARC adducts, thus permitting access to functionally complex systems in a single flask without the need for further chemical manipulations. This tactic was validated with the one-pot preparation of monoprotected 1,3-diketones as well as pyran and spiroketal scaffolds, depending on the choice of nucleophile, electrophile, and work-up conditions. PMID:26586577

  6. Facile and one-pot synthesis of uniform PtRu nanoparticles on polydopamine-modified multiwalled carbon nanotubes for direct methanol fuel cell application.

    PubMed

    Chen, Fengxia; Ren, Junkai; He, Qian; Liu, Jun; Song, Rui

    2017-07-01

    A facile, environment-friendly and one-pot synthesis method for the preparation of high performance PtRu electrocatalysts on the multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is reported. Herein, bimetallic PtRu electrocatalysts are deposited onto polydopamine (Pdop) - functionalized MWCNTs by mildly stirring at room temperature. Without the use of expensive chemicals or corrosive acids, this noncovalent functionalization of MWCNTs by Pdop is simple, facile and eco-friendly, and thus preserving the integrity and electronic structure of MWCNTs. Due to the well improved dispersion and the decreased size of alloy nanoparticles, the PtRu electrocatalysts on Pdop-functionalized MWCNTs show much better dispersion, higher electrochemically active surface area, and higher electrocatalytic activity for the electrooxidation of methanol in direct methanol fuel cells, compared with the conventional acid-treated MWCNTs. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Dual Heterogeneous Catalyst Pd-Au@Mn(II)-MOF for One-Pot Tandem Synthesis of Imines from Alcohols and Amines.

    PubMed

    Chen, Gong-Jun; Ma, Hui-Chao; Xin, Wen-Ling; Li, Xiao-Bo; Jin, Fa-Zheng; Wang, Jing-Si; Liu, Ming-Yang; Dong, Yu-Bin

    2017-01-03

    A new Mn(II) metal-organic framework (MOF) 1 was synthesized by the combination of 4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(4-(pyridin-4-yl)phenyl)butane-1,3-dione (L) and Mn(OAc)2 in solution. 1 features a threefold-interpenetrating NbO net containing honeycomb-like channels, in which the opposite Mn(II)···Mn(II) distance is 23.5075(10) Å. Furthermore, 1 can be an ideal platform to support Pd-Au bimetallic alloy nanoparticles to generate a composite catalytic system of Pd-Au@Mn(II)-MOF (2). 2 can be a highly active bifunctional heterogeneous catalyst for the one-pot tandem synthesis of imines from benzyl alcohols and anilines and from benzyl alcohols and benzylamines.

  8. Ultrafine PEG-coated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles formulated by hydrophobic surfactant-assisted one-pot synthesis for biomedical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chu, Chih-Hang; Wang, Yu-Chao; Huang, Hsin-Ying; Wu, Li-Chen; Yang, Chung-Shi

    2011-05-01

    A novel method was developed for the one-pot synthesis of ultrafine poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs), using an emulsion solvent evaporation formulation method. Using either cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) or poly(ethylene glycol)-distearyl phosphoethanolamine (PEGPE) as an oily emulsifier during the emulsion process, produced PLGA particle sizes of less than 50 nm, constituting a breakthrough in emulsion formulation methods. The yield of ultrafine PLGA NPs increased with PEGPE/PLGA ratio, reaching a plateau at around 85%, when the PEGPE/PLGA ratio reached 3:1. The PEGPE-PLGA NPs exhibited high drug loading content, reduced burst release, good serum stability, and enhanced cell uptake rate compared with traditional PLGA NPs. Sub-50 nm diameter PEG-coated ultrafine PLGA NPs show great potential for in vivo drug delivery systems.

  9. One pot three components microwave assisted and conventional synthesis of new 3-(4-chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(substituted) thiazolidin-4-one as antimicrobial agents.

    PubMed

    Pansare, Dattatraya N; Mulla, Nayeem A; Pawar, Chandrakant D; Shende, Vikas R; Shinde, Devanand B

    2014-08-01

    A one-pot, three-component, microwave assisted and conventional synthesis of new 3-(4-chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(substituted) thiazolidin-4-one (4a-n) was carried out by using N,N-dimethylformamide as a solvent with high product yield. Among these synthesized compounds (4f, 4g, 4l and 4m) were found to be a broad spectrum molecule active against all bacterial and fungus strains tested, except fungus Aspergillus niger. Amongst the compounds (4g, 4l and 4m) were found to be more potent than respective standard drugs used in the experiment against Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus flavus, respectively. All synthesized compounds were also tested for their cytotoxic activity against HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines by the sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay. This study shows that all compounds were non-cytotoxic in nature, and confirmed their antimicrobial specificity apart from any general cytotoxicity.

  10. Type II Anion Relay Chemistry: Exploiting Bifunctional Weinreb Amide Linchpins for the One-Pot Synthesis of Differentiated 1,3-Diketones, Pyrans, and Spiroketals.

    PubMed

    Farrell, Mark; Melillo, Bruno; Smith, Amos B

    2016-01-04

    The design, synthesis, and validation of new highly effective bifunctional linchpins for type II anion relay chemistry (ARC) has been achieved. The mechanistically novel negative-charge migration that comprises the Brook rearrangement is now initiated by a stabilized tetrahedral intermediate, which is generated by nucleophilic addition to a Weinreb amide, rather than by a simple oxyanion that is generated from an epoxide. As a result, the linchpin preserves the carbonyl functionality in the ARC adducts, thus permitting access to functionally complex systems in a single flask without the need for further chemical manipulations. This tactic was validated with the one-pot preparation of monoprotected 1,3-diketones as well as pyran and spiroketal scaffolds, depending on the choice of nucleophile, electrophile, and work-up conditions.

  11. One-pot synthesis and visible light photocatalytic activity of monodispersed AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} microspheres

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Xiangqing; Wang, Lei; Wei, Dailong; Kang, Shizhao; Mu, Jin

    2013-02-15

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ► Monodispersed AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} microspheres were prepared in a one-pot process. ► The process is environmental friendly. ► The AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} microspheres display high photocatalytic activity. -- Abstract: Monodispersed AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} microspheres were synthesized using a one-pot solution method and characterized with X-ray diffraction, UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and N{sub 2} adsorption–desorption isotherm. The results indicated that the AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} microspheres were of cubic spinel structure and the mean diameter of about 0.5 μm. In addition, the visible light photocatalytic activity of AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} microspheres was also investigated at room temperature. The AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} microspheres showed very high photocatalytic activity for the degradation of methyl orange with a degradation efficiency of about 98% under visible light irradiation for 20 min.

  12. One pot synthesis of diarylfurans from aryl esters and PhI(OAc)2 via palladium-associated iodonium ylides.

    PubMed

    Bao, Yong-Sheng; Agula, Bao; Zhaorigetu, Bao; Jia, Meilin; Baiyin, Menghe

    2015-04-14

    The example of palladium-catalyzed intermolecular cyclization for the synthesis of various diarylfurans in which one of the aromatic rings originates from the phenolic part of the starting ester and the other one from PhI(OAc)2 has been reported. The reaction is carried out through two steps: the rearrangement of palladium-associated iodonium ylides to form o-iodo diaryl ether and then palladium catalyzed intramolecular direct arylation. This reaction can tolerate a variety of functional groups and is alternative or complementary to the previous methods for the synthesis of diarylfurans.

  13. One-Pot Synthesis of Fe(III)-Polydopamine Complex Nanospheres: Morphological Evolution, Mechanism, and Application of the Carbonized Hybrid Nanospheres in Catalysis and Zn-Air Battery.

    PubMed

    Ang, Jia Ming; Du, Yonghua; Tay, Boon Ying; Zhao, Chenyang; Kong, Junhua; Stubbs, Ludger Paul; Lu, Xuehong

    2016-09-13

    We report one-pot synthesis of Fe(III)-polydopamine (PDA) complex nanospheres, their structures, morphology evolution, and underlying mechanism. The complex nanospheres were synthesized by introducing ferric ions into the reaction mixture used for polymerization of dopamine. It is verified that both the oxidative polymerization of dopamine and Fe(III)-PDA complexation contribute to the "polymerization" process, in which the ferric ions form coordination bonds with both oxygen and nitrogen, as indicated by X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy. In the "polymerization" process, the morphology of the complex nanostructures is gradually transformed from sheetlike to spherical at the feed Fe(III)/dopamine molar ratio of 1/3. The final size of the complex spheres is much smaller than its neat PDA counterpart. At higher feed Fe(III)/dopamine molar ratios, the final morphology of the "polymerization" products is sheetlike. The results suggest that the formation of spherical morphology is likely to be driven by covalent polymerization-induced decrease of hydrophilic functional groups, which causes reself-assembly of the PDA oligomers to reduce surface area. We also demonstrate that this one-pot synthesis route for hybrid nanospheres enables the facile construction of carbonized PDA (C-PDA) nanospheres uniformly embedded with Fe3O4 nanoparticles of only 3-5 nm in size. The C-PDA/Fe3O4 nanospheres exhibit catalytic activity toward oxygen reduction reaction and deliver a stable discharge voltage for over 200 h when utilized as the cathode in a primary Zn-air battery and are also good recyclable catalyst supports.

  14. One-pot synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones using chloroacetic acid as catalyst.

    PubMed

    Yu, Yang; Liu, Di; Liu, Chunsheng; Luo, Genxiang

    2007-06-15

    A simple and effective synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one derivatives from aldehydes, 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds and urea or thiourea using chloroacetic acid as catalyst under solvent-free conditions is described. Compared with the classical Biginelli reaction conditions, this new method has the advantage of good to excellent yields and short reaction time.

  15. One-pot synthesis of oxazolidine-2-thione and thiozolidine-2-thione from sugar azido-alcohols.

    PubMed

    Mishra, Kunj B; Agrahari, Anand K; Tiwari, Vinod K

    2017-10-10

    A controlled and facile synthesis of various glycosyl 1,3-oxazolidine-2-thiones and 1,3- thiozolidine-2-thiones has been accomplished from corresponding sugar azido alcohols utilizing Staudinger reaction (PPh3 and CS2) via isothiocynate route. A series of reactions were performed to investigate the effects of CS2 and PPh3 on the selectivity of product formed. The excessive addition of CS2 with PPh3(1.2 equiv) afforded oxazolidine-2-thione alone, while the solitary addition of PPh3 for 30 min followed by addition of CS2 to the reaction mixture resulted both the products in different ratios, which were successfully isolated using column chromatography (SiO2). Furthermore, synthesis of 1,3-oxathiolan-2-imine from glycosyl epoxide has also been attempted. Structures of all the developed compounds have been elucidated using extensive spectroscopic techniques including IR, NMR and MS analysis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. One-Pot Route towards Active TiO₂ Doped Hierarchically Porous Cellulose: Highly Efficient Photocatalysts for Methylene Blue Degradation.

    PubMed

    Sun, Xiaoxia; Wang, Kunpeng; Shu, Yu; Zou, Fangdong; Zhang, Boxing; Sun, Guangwu; Uyama, Hiroshi; Wang, Xinhou

    2017-03-31

    In this study, novel photocatalyst monolith materials were successfully fabricated by a non-solvent induced phase separation (NIPS) technique. By adding a certain amount of ethyl acetate (as non-solvent) into a cellulose/LiCl/N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) solution, and successively adding titanium dioxide (TiO₂) nanoparticles (NPs), cellulose/TiO₂ composite monoliths with hierarchically porous structures were easily formed. The obtained composite monoliths possessed mesopores, and two kinds of macropores. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and Ultraviolet-visible Spectroscopy (UV-Vis) measurements were adopted to characterize the cellulose/TiO₂ composite monolith. The cellulose/TiO₂ composite monoliths showed high efficiency of photocatalytic activity in the decomposition of methylene blue dye, which was decomposed up to 99% within 60 min under UV light. Moreover, the composite monoliths could retain 90% of the photodegradation efficiency after 10 cycles. The novel NIPS technique has great potential for fabricating recyclable photocatalysts with highly efficiency.

  17. A metal-free one-pot synthesis of benzo[c]chromen-6-ones from 3,4-dichlorocoumarins and butadienes using tandem photo-thermal-photo reactions.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yan; Tian, Yan; Xiang, Pei; Huang, Ning; Wang, Jianyi; Xu, Jian-Hua; Zhang, Min

    2016-10-18

    An efficient, simple and versatile synthesis of biologically valuable benzo[c]chromen-6-ones is achieved using a tandem photo-thermal-photo reaction sequence starting from 3,4-dichlorocoumarins and a 1,3-butadiene. In this concise one-pot protocol, neither metal catalyst nor peroxide promoter is needed and the products can be purified through simple recrystallization in most cases. The synthesis consists of a reaction sequence of photo-induced [4 + 2] and [2 + 2] cycloadditions, silica gel promoted elimination of HCl and electrocyclic cyclobutene ring opening followed by a photo-induced 6π electrocyclization. The reactions proceed well with a range of dichlorocoumarins and some typical butadienes to provide the corresponding annulated products in 70-80% yield.

  18. A novel one-pot green synthesis of selenium nanoparticles and evaluation of its toxicity in zebrafish embryos.

    PubMed

    Kalishwaralal, Kalimuthu; Jeyabharathi, Subhaschandrabose; Sundar, Krishnan; Muthukumaran, Azhaguchamy

    2016-01-01

    Over the last 50 years, compelling evidence has accumulated on the beneficial role of selenium in human health. In the present study, different proteins were evaluated as reducing agents for the eco-friendly synthesis of selenium nanoparticles from an aqueous solution of sodium selenite. This method is a simple, low cost green synthesis alternative to chemical synthesis. The high conversion of selenium ions to selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) was achieved by a reaction mixture of 0.1 g bovine serum albumin and 0.1 g sodium selenite at a reaction temperature of 121°C for 20 min duration. The selenium nanoparticles were characterized by fourier transform infrared (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The FTIR spectral bands were sharp with strong absorption peaks at 1649 and 1551 cm(-1). SEM analysis of the synthesized selenium nanoparticles clearly showed the spherical shape with an average size ranging from 500 to 600 nm. The toxicity of SeNPs was evaluated using zebrafish embryos as a model system. SeNPs induced malformations in zebrafish embryos in a concentration-dependent manner. Selenium nanoparticles at 15-25 μg/ml concentration caused pericardial edema, tail malformation and decrease in heart rate in zebrafish embryos. Treatments with lower concentrations did not alter the heart rate or display any heart abnormalities. This study underlines the importance of identifying optimal SeNP concentration that could have potential therapeutic applications.

  19. Use of a Novel 5′-Regioselective Phosphitylating Reagent for One-Pot Synthesis of Nucleoside 5′-Triphosphates from Unprotected Nucleosides

    PubMed Central

    Caton-Williams, Julianne; Hoxhaj, Rudiona; Fiaz, Bilal

    2013-01-01

    The 5′-triphosphates are the building blocks for the enzymatic synthesis of DNAs and RNAs. This unit presents a protocol for the convenient synthesis of 2′-deoxyribo- and ribo-nucleoside 5′-triphosphates (dNTPs and NTPs) containing all the natural bases and the modified bases. This one-pot synthesis can also be applied to prepare the triphosphate analogs that contain sulfur or selenium atoms replacing the non-bridging oxygen atoms of the alpha phosphates of the triphosphates. These S- or Se-modified dNTPs and NTPs can be used to prepare diastereomerically-pure phosphorothioate nucleic acids (PS-NAs) or phosphoroselenoate nucleic acids (PSe-NAs, i.e., one type of selenium-derivatized nucleic acids: SeNA). Even without extensive purification, the synthesized dNTPs or NTPs are of high quality and can be directly used in DNA polymerization or RNA transcription. Synthesis and purification of the 5′-triphosphates, analysis and confirmation of natural and sulfur-or selenium-modified nucleic acids are described in this protocol unit. PMID:23512692

  20. Coumarin to Isocoumarin: One-Pot Synthesis of 3-Substituted Isocoumarins from 4-Hydroxycoumarins and Benzyne Precursors.

    PubMed

    Neog, Kashmiri; Dutta, Dhiraj; Das, Babulal; Gogoi, Pranjal

    2017-02-03

    A novel transition-metal-free direct synthesis of 3-substituted isocoumarin from 4-hydroxycoumarin and a benzyne precursor is developed. This synthetic strategy proceeds via C-O and C-C bond cleavage as well as C-O and C-C bond formations in a single reaction vessel by simple treatment with CsF in the absence of catalyst. This methodology affords moderate to good yields of 3-substituted isocoumarins and is tolerant of a variety of functional groups including halide.