Science.gov

Sample records for einsteinium 254

  1. Einsteinium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haire, Richard G.

    The discovery of einsteinium, element 99, came about during the analyses of nuclear products produced in and then recovered from test debris following a thermonuclear explosion (weapon test device, ‘Mike', November 1952) at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. The uranium present in this device was subjected to a very intense neutron flux (integrated fluence of about 1024neutrons) in an extremely short time frame (few nanoseconds), which allowed a large number of multiple neutron captures with a minimal degree of decay of the products formed. Nuclei were formed with usually high neutron/proton ratios (very ‘heavy' uranium isotopes), which then rapidly beta-decayed into new, transuranium isotopes through element 100. Scientists from several U.S. Government laboratories separated and analyzed extensively the debris samplings in the following weeks. From these investigations came the discovery and identification of einsteinium and fermium. The first element was named in honor of Albert Einstein, and assigned the symbol, E (later changed to the current symbol, Es). Additional details and discussions about the discovery of this element and the scientists involved are given in several references (Thompson et al., 1954; Ghiorso et al., 1955; Fields et al., 1956; Hyde et al., 1964; Seaborg and Loveland, 1990).

  2. Hyperfine field of einsteinium in iron and nuclear magnetic moment of {sup 254}Es

    SciTech Connect

    Severijns, N.; Kraev, I. S.; Phalet, T.; Tandecki, M.; Traykov, E.; Gorp, S. Van; Wauters, F.; Belyaev, A. A.; Lukhanin, A. A.; Noga, V. I.; Erzinkyan, A. L.; Parfenova, V. P.; Eversheim, P.-D.; Herzog, P.; Tramm, C.; Filimonov, V. T.; Toporov, Yu. G.; Zotov, E.; Golovko, V. V.; Gurevich, G. M.

    2009-06-15

    The angular distributions of {gamma} rays and {alpha} particles from oriented {sup 250}Bk, {sup 253,254}Es, and {sup 255}Fm nuclei were investigated to extract hyperfine interaction information for these actinide impurities in an iron host lattice. The hyperfine field of einsteinium in iron was found to be |B{sub hf}(EsFe{sub lowbar|})=396(32) T. With this value the magnetic moment of {sup 254}Es was then determined as |{mu}|=4.35(41) {mu}{sub N}.

  3. Ion-exchange chromatographic separation of einsteinium from irradiated californium targets

    SciTech Connect

    Elesin, A.A.; Nikolaev, V.M.; Shalimov, V.V.; Popov, Yu.S.; Kovantsev, V.N.; Tselishchev, I.V.; Filimonov, V.T.; Mishenev, V.B.; Yadovin, A.A.; Golosovskii, L.S.; Chetverikov, A.P.

    1987-07-01

    Einsteinium was obtained by preparing two experimental californium targets and subjecting them to neutron irradiation in a high-flux reactor. The einsteinium was separated from the bombarded targets on a column packed with KU-2U sulfonated cation-exchange resin (20-50 ..mu..m) and eluted at room temperature with an ammonium ..cap alpha..-hydroxyisobutyrate solution. Three successive separation cycles removed californium to produce einsteinium in 68% yield with a decontamination factor of 5.3 x 10/sup 6/. About 20% of the einsteinium was used up by analysis and 11% remained in intermediate fractions. The method developed yielded pure einsteinium with little fission products present. The contribution of the fission products to the total einsteinium gamma-irradiation dose rate was no greater than 81%, due primarily to the radioisotope terbium-160.

  4. Determining the half-lives of /sup 253/Es, /sup 254/Es, /sup 254m/Es, /sup 255/Es, /sup 257/Es, /sup 256/Fm

    SciTech Connect

    Popov, Yu.S.; Timofeev, G.A.; Mishenev, V.B.; Kovantsev, V.N.; Elesin, A.A.

    1988-03-01

    Semiconductor alpha, gamma, and x-ray spectrometry has been used to identify einsteinium and fermium isotopes having mass numbers 253-257 in californium targets irradiated in the central channel of the high-flux SM-2 reactor. Half-life measurements have been made for /sup 253/Es, /sup 254/Es, /sup 254m/Es, /sup 255/Es, /sup 257/Es, /sup 256/Fm. The measurements are compared with published data.

  5. Chemical Properties of Elements 99 and 100 [Einsteinium and Fermium

    DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

    Seaborg, G. T.; Thompson, S. G.; Harvey, B. G.; Choppin, G. R.

    1954-07-23

    A description of some of the chemical properties and of the methods used in the separations of elements 99 [Einsteinium] and 100 [Fermium] are given. The new elements exhibit the properties expected for the tenth and eleventh actinide elements. Attempts to produce an oxidation state greater than III of element 99 have been unsuccessful. In normal aqueous media only the III state of element 100 appears to exist. The relative spacings of the elution peaks of the new elements in some separations with ion exchange resin columns are the same as the relative spacings of the homologous lanthanide elements. The results of experiments involving cation exchange resins with very concentrated hydrochloric acid eluant show that the new elements, like the earlier actinides, are more strongly complexed than the lanthanides. The new elements also exist partially as anions in concentrated hydrochloric acid, as do earlier actinide elements, and they may be partially separated from each other by means of ion exchange resins. With some eluants interesting reversals of elution positions are observed in the region Bk-Cf-99-100, indicating complex ion formation involving unusual factors.

  6. Electron-capture delayed fission properties of neutron-deficient einsteinium nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Shaughnessy, Dawn A.

    2000-01-01

    Electron-capture delayed fission (ECDF) properties of neutron-deficient einsteinium isotopes were investigated using a combination of chemical separations and on-line radiation detection methods. 242Es was produced via the 233U(14N,5n)242Es reaction at a beam energy of 87 MeV (on target) in the lab system, and was found to decay with a half-life of 11 ± 3 seconds. The ECDF of 242Es showed a highly asymmetric mass distribution with an average pre-neutron emission total kinetic energy (TKE) of 183 ± 18 MeV. The probability of delayed fission (PDF) was measured to be 0.006 ± 0.002. In conjunction with this experiment, the excitation functions of the 233U(14N,xn)247-xEs and 233U(15N,xn)248-xEs reactions were measured for 243Es, 244Es and 245Es at projectile energies between 80 MeV and 100 MeV.

  7. 36 CFR 254.25 - Survey.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Survey. 254.25 Section 254.25... National Forest Townsites § 254.25 Survey. The authorized Forest Service official shall conduct or provide for the necessary tract survey and boundary posting of National Forest System land....

  8. 36 CFR 254.43 - Surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Surveys. 254.43 Section 254.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.43 Surveys. All necessary tract surveys of National Forest...

  9. 36 CFR 254.25 - Survey.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Survey. 254.25 Section 254.25... National Forest Townsites § 254.25 Survey. The authorized Forest Service official shall conduct or provide for the necessary tract survey and boundary posting of National Forest System land....

  10. 36 CFR 254.43 - Surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Surveys. 254.43 Section 254.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.43 Surveys. All necessary tract surveys of National Forest...

  11. 36 CFR 254.25 - Survey.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Survey. 254.25 Section 254.25... National Forest Townsites § 254.25 Survey. The authorized Forest Service official shall conduct or provide for the necessary tract survey and boundary posting of National Forest System land....

  12. 36 CFR 254.43 - Surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Surveys. 254.43 Section 254.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.43 Surveys. All necessary tract surveys of National Forest...

  13. 36 CFR 254.25 - Survey.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Survey. 254.25 Section 254.25... National Forest Townsites § 254.25 Survey. The authorized Forest Service official shall conduct or provide for the necessary tract survey and boundary posting of National Forest System land....

  14. 36 CFR 254.43 - Surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Surveys. 254.43 Section 254.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.43 Surveys. All necessary tract surveys of National Forest...

  15. 36 CFR 254.43 - Surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Surveys. 254.43 Section 254.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.43 Surveys. All necessary tract surveys of National Forest...

  16. 36 CFR 254.25 - Survey.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Survey. 254.25 Section 254.25... National Forest Townsites § 254.25 Survey. The authorized Forest Service official shall conduct or provide for the necessary tract survey and boundary posting of National Forest System land....

  17. 30 CFR 254.40 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Records. 254.40 Section 254.40 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... Requirements for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.40 Records. You must make all records of...

  18. 27 CFR 44.254 - Shipping containers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Shipping containers. 44.254 Section 44.254 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Requirements § 44.254 Shipping containers. Each shipping case, crate, or other container, in which cigars...

  19. 20 CFR 632.254 - Program startup.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program startup. 632.254 Section 632.254 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.254 Program...

  20. 36 CFR 254.15 - Title standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Title standards. 254.15 Section 254.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.15 Title standards. (a) Title evidence. (1) Unless otherwise specified by the USDA Office of the General...

  1. 36 CFR 254.15 - Title standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Title standards. 254.15 Section 254.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.15 Title standards. (a) Title evidence. (1) Unless otherwise specified by the USDA Office of the General...

  2. 36 CFR 254.15 - Title standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Title standards. 254.15 Section 254.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.15 Title standards. (a) Title evidence. (1) Unless otherwise specified by the USDA Office of the General...

  3. 36 CFR 254.15 - Title standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Title standards. 254.15 Section 254.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.15 Title standards. (a) Title evidence. (1) Unless otherwise specified by the USDA Office of the General...

  4. 27 CFR 25.4 - Related regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Related regulations. 25.4 Section 25.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.4 Related regulations. Regulations relating...

  5. 27 CFR 25.4 - Related regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Related regulations. 25.4 Section 25.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.4 Related regulations. Regulations relating...

  6. 27 CFR 25.4 - Related regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Related regulations. 25.4 Section 25.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.4 Related regulations. Regulations relating...

  7. 27 CFR 25.4 - Related regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Related regulations. 25.4 Section 25.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.4 Related regulations. Regulations relating...

  8. 20 CFR 632.254 - Program startup.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program startup. 632.254 Section 632.254 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.254 Program...

  9. 27 CFR 25.4 - Related regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Related regulations. 25.4 Section 25.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.4 Related regulations. Regulations relating...

  10. 7 CFR 3565.254 - Property standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Property standards. 3565.254 Section 3565.254... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Property Requirements § 3565.254 Property standards. (a) Housing quality and site and neighborhood standards. The property must meet the site and...

  11. 36 CFR 254.21 - Applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Applications. 254.21 Section 254.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.21 Applications. (a) An application to purchase National...

  12. 36 CFR 254.24 - Conveyance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Conveyance. 254.24 Section 254.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.24 Conveyance. (a) Conveyance of the approved tract(s) may be...

  13. 36 CFR 254.26 - Appraisal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Appraisal. 254.26 Section 254.26 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.26 Appraisal. Fair market value of townsite tracts shall...

  14. 36 CFR 254.21 - Applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Applications. 254.21 Section 254.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.21 Applications. (a) An application to purchase National...

  15. 36 CFR 254.24 - Conveyance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Conveyance. 254.24 Section 254.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.24 Conveyance. (a) Conveyance of the approved tract(s) may be...

  16. 36 CFR 254.21 - Applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Applications. 254.21 Section 254.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.21 Applications. (a) An application to purchase National...

  17. 36 CFR 254.26 - Appraisal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Appraisal. 254.26 Section 254.26 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.26 Appraisal. Fair market value of townsite tracts shall...

  18. 36 CFR 254.24 - Conveyance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Conveyance. 254.24 Section 254.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.24 Conveyance. (a) Conveyance of the approved tract(s) may be...

  19. 36 CFR 254.26 - Appraisal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Appraisal. 254.26 Section 254.26 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.26 Appraisal. Fair market value of townsite tracts shall...

  20. 36 CFR 254.21 - Applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Applications. 254.21 Section 254.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.21 Applications. (a) An application to purchase National...

  1. 36 CFR 254.26 - Appraisal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appraisal. 254.26 Section 254.26 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.26 Appraisal. Fair market value of townsite tracts shall...

  2. 36 CFR 254.24 - Conveyance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Conveyance. 254.24 Section 254.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.24 Conveyance. (a) Conveyance of the approved tract(s) may be...

  3. 36 CFR 254.26 - Appraisal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Appraisal. 254.26 Section 254.26 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.26 Appraisal. Fair market value of townsite tracts shall...

  4. 36 CFR 254.21 - Applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Applications. 254.21 Section 254.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.21 Applications. (a) An application to purchase National...

  5. 36 CFR 254.24 - Conveyance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Conveyance. 254.24 Section 254.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.24 Conveyance. (a) Conveyance of the approved tract(s) may be...

  6. 36 CFR 254.10 - Bargaining; arbitration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Bargaining; arbitration. 254.10 Section 254.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.10 Bargaining; arbitration. (a) Unless the parties to an...

  7. 36 CFR 254.10 - Bargaining; arbitration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Bargaining; arbitration. 254.10 Section 254.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.10 Bargaining; arbitration. (a) Unless the parties to an...

  8. 36 CFR 254.9 - Appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Appraisals. 254.9 Section 254.9 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.9 Appraisals. The Federal and non-Federal parties to an exchange shall...

  9. 36 CFR 254.9 - Appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Appraisals. 254.9 Section 254.9 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.9 Appraisals. The Federal and non-Federal parties to an exchange shall...

  10. 36 CFR 254.10 - Bargaining; arbitration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bargaining; arbitration. 254.10 Section 254.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.10 Bargaining; arbitration. (a) Unless the parties to an...

  11. 36 CFR 254.10 - Bargaining; arbitration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Bargaining; arbitration. 254.10 Section 254.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.10 Bargaining; arbitration. (a) Unless the parties to an...

  12. 36 CFR 254.9 - Appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Appraisals. 254.9 Section 254.9 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.9 Appraisals. The Federal and non-Federal parties to an exchange shall...

  13. 36 CFR 254.9 - Appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Appraisals. 254.9 Section 254.9 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.9 Appraisals. The Federal and non-Federal parties to an exchange shall...

  14. 36 CFR 254.10 - Bargaining; arbitration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Bargaining; arbitration. 254.10 Section 254.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.10 Bargaining; arbitration. (a) Unless the parties to an...

  15. 15 CFR 25.4 - Investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Investigation. 25.4 Section 25.4... Investigation. (a) If an investigating official concludes that a subpoena pursuant to the authority conferred by... conclusions of such investigation to the reviewing official. (c) Nothing in this section shall preclude...

  16. 15 CFR 25.4 - Investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Investigation. 25.4 Section 25.4... Investigation. (a) If an investigating official concludes that a subpoena pursuant to the authority conferred by... conclusions of such investigation to the reviewing official. (c) Nothing in this section shall preclude...

  17. 15 CFR 25.4 - Investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Investigation. 25.4 Section 25.4... Investigation. (a) If an investigating official concludes that a subpoena pursuant to the authority conferred by... conclusions of such investigation to the reviewing official. (c) Nothing in this section shall preclude...

  18. 15 CFR 25.4 - Investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Investigation. 25.4 Section 25.4... Investigation. (a) If an investigating official concludes that a subpoena pursuant to the authority conferred by... conclusions of such investigation to the reviewing official. (c) Nothing in this section shall preclude...

  19. 36 CFR 254.3 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Requirements. 254.3 Section 254.3 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP... National Forest System, the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System, the National Trails System,...

  20. 36 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... disposal of National Forest System lands administered by the Secretary of Agriculture. Reserved interest... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 254.2 Section 254.2 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  1. 21 CFR 558.254 - Famphur.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Famphur. 558.254 Section 558.254 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS... as an aid in control of sucking lice. (ii) Limitations. For beef cattle and nonlactating dairy...

  2. 21 CFR 558.254 - Famphur.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Famphur. 558.254 Section 558.254 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS... as an aid in control of sucking lice. (ii) Limitations. For beef cattle and nonlactating dairy...

  3. 21 CFR 558.254 - Famphur.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Famphur. 558.254 Section 558.254 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS... as an aid in control of sucking lice. (ii) Limitations. For beef cattle and nonlactating dairy...

  4. 21 CFR 558.254 - Famphur.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Famphur. 558.254 Section 558.254 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS... as an aid in control of sucking lice. (ii) Limitations. For beef cattle and nonlactating dairy...

  5. 21 CFR 558.254 - Famphur.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Famphur. 558.254 Section 558.254 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS... as an aid in control of sucking lice. (ii) Limitations. For beef cattle and nonlactating dairy...

  6. 30 CFR 254.40 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Records. 254.40 Section 254.40 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Related Requirements for...

  7. 30 CFR 254.40 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Records. 254.40 Section 254.40 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Related Requirements for...

  8. 36 CFR 254.6 - Segregative effect.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Segregative effect. 254.6... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.6 Segregative effect. (a) If a proposal is made to exchange Federal lands... segregative effect terminates as follows: (1) Automatically, upon issuance of a patent or other document...

  9. 36 CFR 254.6 - Segregative effect.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Segregative effect. 254.6... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.6 Segregative effect. (a) If a proposal is made to exchange Federal lands... segregative effect terminates as follows: (1) Automatically, upon issuance of a patent or other document...

  10. 36 CFR 254.6 - Segregative effect.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Segregative effect. 254.6... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.6 Segregative effect. (a) If a proposal is made to exchange Federal lands... segregative effect terminates as follows: (1) Automatically, upon issuance of a patent or other document...

  11. 36 CFR 254.6 - Segregative effect.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Segregative effect. 254.6... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.6 Segregative effect. (a) If a proposal is made to exchange Federal lands... segregative effect terminates as follows: (1) Automatically, upon issuance of a patent or other document...

  12. 7 CFR 254.5 - Household eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Household eligibility. 254.5 Section 254.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... 253.7. (b) Urban places. No household living in an urban place in Oklahoma shall be eligible for...

  13. 7 CFR 254.5 - Household eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Household eligibility. 254.5 Section 254.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... 253.7. (b) Urban places. No household living in an urban place in Oklahoma shall be eligible for...

  14. 7 CFR 254.5 - Household eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Household eligibility. 254.5 Section 254.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... 253.7. (b) Urban places. No household living in an urban place in Oklahoma shall be eligible for...

  15. 7 CFR 254.5 - Household eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Household eligibility. 254.5 Section 254.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... 253.7. (b) Urban places. No household living in an urban place in Oklahoma shall be eligible for...

  16. 36 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Definitions. 254.2 Section 254.2 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP... one land exchange transaction. Authorized officer means a Forest Service line or staff officer who...

  17. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 254

    SciTech Connect

    Bhagwat, A.; Thompson, N.J.; Tuli, J.K.

    2005-08-15

    The experimental results for the structure and decay studies for the A = 254 isobaric chain, Z = 93 to 108, have been reviewed. These data are summarized and presented together with the adopted levels, decay schemes and radiation properties. Theoretical studies are given as comments. The following nuclides for A = 254 have not been observed and only their theoretical or systematic studies have been reported: Z = 93 (Np) to Z = 97 (Bk); Z = 105 (Db) to Z = 108 (Hs). New measurements have been reported in {sup 254}No.

  18. 48 CFR 53.303-DD-254 - Department of Defense DD Form 254, Contract Security Classification Specification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Department of Defense DD Form 254, Contract Security Classification Specification. 53.303-DD-254 Section 53.303-DD-254 Federal... Illustrations of Forms 53.303-DD-254 Department of Defense DD Form 254, Contract Security...

  19. 48 CFR 53.303-DD-254 - Department of Defense DD Form 254, Contract Security Classification Specification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Department of Defense DD Form 254, Contract Security Classification Specification. 53.303-DD-254 Section 53.303-DD-254 Federal... Illustrations of Forms 53.303-DD-254 Department of Defense DD Form 254, Contract Security...

  20. 7 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... pursuant to section 4(b) of the Food Stamp Act and 1304(a) of Pub. L. 97-98. (d) Indian tribal household... distribution program in Oklahoma, excluding urban places unless approved by FNS under 254.5(b). (c)...

  1. 7 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... pursuant to section 4(b) of the Food Stamp Act and 1304(a) of Pub. L. 97-98. (d) Indian tribal household... distribution program in Oklahoma, excluding urban places unless approved by FNS under 254.5(b). (c)...

  2. 7 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... pursuant to section 4(b) of the Food Stamp Act and 1304(a) of Pub. L. 97-98. (d) Indian tribal household... distribution program in Oklahoma, excluding urban places unless approved by FNS under 254.5(b). (c)...

  3. 7 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... pursuant to section 4(b) of the Food Stamp Act and 1304(a) of Pub. L. 97-98. (d) Indian tribal household... distribution program in Oklahoma, excluding urban places unless approved by FNS under 254.5(b). (c)...

  4. 30 CFR 254.20 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.20 Purpose. This subpart describes the requirements for preparing...

  5. 30 CFR 254.20 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.20 Purpose. This subpart describes the requirements for preparing...

  6. 30 CFR 254.20 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.20 Purpose. This subpart describes the requirements for preparing spill-response plans...

  7. 30 CFR 254.20 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.20 Purpose. This subpart describes the requirements for preparing...

  8. 36 CFR 254.16 - Case closing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.16 Case closing. (a) Title transfers. Unless otherwise agreed, and... contrary, title to both the non-Federal and Federal lands pass simultaneously and are deemed accepted by... to it, of such lands; (2) The issuance of title evidence as of the date of recordation which...

  9. 38 CFR 21.254 - Supportive services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Employment Services § 21.254 Supportive services. (a) General. Supportive services which may be provided during a period or program of employment services include a broad range of medical treatment, care...

  10. 7 CFR 254.1 - General purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.1 General purpose. This part sets the requirement under...

  11. 7 CFR 254.1 - General purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.1 General purpose. This part sets the requirement under...

  12. 7 CFR 254.1 - General purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.1 General purpose. This part sets the requirement under...

  13. 7 CFR 254.1 - General purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.1 General purpose. This part sets the requirement under...

  14. 7 CFR 254.1 - General purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.1 General purpose. This part sets the requirement under...

  15. 36 CFR 254.6 - Segregative effect.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... segregate the Federal lands by a notation on the public land records. Subject to valid existing rights, the Federal lands shall be segregated from appropriation under the public land laws and mineral laws for a... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.6 Segregative effect. (a) If a proposal is made to exchange Federal...

  16. 36 CFR 254.14 - Exchange agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.14 Exchange agreement. (a) The parties to a proposed exchange may enter into... outstanding interests, stipulation of any necessary cash equalization, and all other terms and conditions necessary to complete an exchange; (2) Inclusion of the terms regarding responsibility for...

  17. 36 CFR 254.14 - Exchange agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.14 Exchange agreement. (a) The parties to a proposed exchange may enter into... outstanding interests, stipulation of any necessary cash equalization, and all other terms and conditions necessary to complete an exchange; (2) Inclusion of the terms regarding responsibility for...

  18. 36 CFR 254.14 - Exchange agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.14 Exchange agreement. (a) The parties to a proposed exchange may enter into... outstanding interests, stipulation of any necessary cash equalization, and all other terms and conditions necessary to complete an exchange; (2) Inclusion of the terms regarding responsibility for...

  19. 36 CFR 254.14 - Exchange agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.14 Exchange agreement. (a) The parties to a proposed exchange may enter into... outstanding interests, stipulation of any necessary cash equalization, and all other terms and conditions necessary to complete an exchange; (2) Inclusion of the terms regarding responsibility for...

  20. 36 CFR 254.14 - Exchange agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.14 Exchange agreement. (a) The parties to a proposed exchange may enter into... outstanding interests, stipulation of any necessary cash equalization, and all other terms and conditions necessary to complete an exchange; (2) Inclusion of the terms regarding responsibility for...

  1. 43 CFR 2.254 - Exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Criminal law enforcement records exempt under 5 U.S.C. 552a(j)(2). Pursuant to 5 U.S.C 552a(j)(2) the... Note: At 79 FR 51917, Sept. 2, 2014, § 2.254 was amended by revising paragraph (a) introductory text, adding paragraph (a)(5), revising paragraph (b) introductory text, and adding paragraph...

  2. 16 CFR 254.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.1 Definitions. (a) Accredited. A school or course has been evaluated and... by the U.S. Department of Education. (b) Approved. A school or course has been recognized by a State... that agency for the school or course to which the term is applied. The term is not and should not...

  3. 36 CFR 254.32 - Encroachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Service officials shall consider the following factors when determining whether to convey lands upon which encroachments exist: (1) The location of the property boundaries based on historical location and continued... 254.32 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  4. 36 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 254.2 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP... party. Appraisal or appraisal report means a written statement independently and impartially prepared by... exchange which have readily apparent and substantially similar elements of value, such as location,...

  5. 40 CFR 265.254 - Design and operating requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....254 Section 265.254 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) INTERIM STATUS STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Waste Piles § 265.254 Design and operating requirements. The owner or operator of...

  6. 49 CFR 195.254 - Above ground components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Above ground components. 195.254 Section 195.254 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... PIPELINE Construction § 195.254 Above ground components. (a) Any component may be installed above ground...

  7. 49 CFR 195.254 - Above ground components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Above ground components. 195.254 Section 195.254 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... PIPELINE Construction § 195.254 Above ground components. (a) Any component may be installed above ground...

  8. 49 CFR 195.254 - Above ground components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Above ground components. 195.254 Section 195.254 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... PIPELINE Construction § 195.254 Above ground components. (a) Any component may be installed above ground...

  9. 49 CFR 195.254 - Above ground components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Above ground components. 195.254 Section 195.254 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... PIPELINE Construction § 195.254 Above ground components. (a) Any component may be installed above ground...

  10. 7 CFR 868.254 - Broken kernels determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Broken kernels determination. 868.254 Section 868.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD... Governing Application of Standards § 868.254 Broken kernels determination. Broken kernels shall...

  11. 16 CFR 254.7 - Deceptive sales practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Deceptive sales practices. 254.7 Section 254... VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.7 Deceptive sales practices. (a) It is deceptive for an... therefore should be avoided. (b) It is deceptive for an industry member to fail to disclose to a...

  12. 16 CFR 254.7 - Deceptive sales practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Deceptive sales practices. 254.7 Section 254... VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.7 Deceptive sales practices. (a) It is deceptive for an... therefore should be avoided. (b) It is deceptive for an industry member to fail to disclose to a...

  13. 16 CFR 254.7 - Deceptive sales practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Deceptive sales practices. 254.7 Section 254... VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.7 Deceptive sales practices. (a) It is deceptive for an... offered and therefore should be avoided. (b) It is deceptive for an Industry Member to fail to disclose...

  14. 16 CFR 254.7 - Deceptive sales practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Deceptive sales practices. 254.7 Section 254... VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.7 Deceptive sales practices. (a) It is deceptive for an... therefore should be avoided. (b) It is deceptive for an industry member to fail to disclose to a...

  15. 49 CFR 195.254 - Above ground components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Above ground components. 195.254 Section 195.254 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... PIPELINE Construction § 195.254 Above ground components. (a) Any component may be installed above ground...

  16. 36 CFR 254.33 - Road rights-of-way.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Road rights-of-way. 254.33 Section 254.33 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.33 Road rights-of-way. (a) Reserved or acquired road...

  17. 36 CFR 254.33 - Road rights-of-way.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Road rights-of-way. 254.33 Section 254.33 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.33 Road rights-of-way. (a) Reserved or acquired road...

  18. 36 CFR 254.33 - Road rights-of-way.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Road rights-of-way. 254.33 Section 254.33 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.33 Road rights-of-way. (a) Reserved or acquired road...

  19. 36 CFR 254.33 - Road rights-of-way.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Road rights-of-way. 254.33 Section 254.33 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.33 Road rights-of-way. (a) Reserved or acquired road...

  20. 28 CFR 115.254 - Third-party reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Third-party reporting. 115.254 Section 115.254 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Reporting § 115.254 Third-party reporting....

  1. 28 CFR 115.254 - Third-party reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Third-party reporting. 115.254 Section 115.254 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Reporting § 115.254 Third-party reporting....

  2. 28 CFR 115.254 - Third-party reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Third-party reporting. 115.254 Section 115.254 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Reporting § 115.254 Third-party reporting....

  3. 36 CFR 254.22 - Designation and public notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designation and public notice. 254.22 Section 254.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.22 Designation and public notice. (a) A Forest...

  4. 36 CFR 254.20 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 254.20 Section 254.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.20 Purpose and scope. (a) A Forest Service official may,...

  5. 36 CFR 254.22 - Designation and public notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Designation and public notice. 254.22 Section 254.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.22 Designation and public notice. (a) A Forest...

  6. 36 CFR 254.22 - Designation and public notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Designation and public notice. 254.22 Section 254.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.22 Designation and public notice. (a) A Forest...

  7. 36 CFR 254.22 - Designation and public notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Designation and public notice. 254.22 Section 254.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.22 Designation and public notice. (a) A Forest...

  8. 36 CFR 254.23 - Studies, assessments, and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Studies, assessments, and approval. 254.23 Section 254.23 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.23 Studies, assessments, and...

  9. 36 CFR 254.23 - Studies, assessments, and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Studies, assessments, and approval. 254.23 Section 254.23 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.23 Studies, assessments, and...

  10. 36 CFR 254.22 - Designation and public notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Designation and public notice. 254.22 Section 254.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.22 Designation and public notice. (a) A Forest...

  11. 36 CFR 254.23 - Studies, assessments, and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Studies, assessments, and approval. 254.23 Section 254.23 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.23 Studies, assessments, and...

  12. 36 CFR 254.20 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 254.20 Section 254.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.20 Purpose and scope. (a) A Forest Service official may,...

  13. 36 CFR 254.20 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 254.20 Section 254.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.20 Purpose and scope. (a) A Forest Service official may,...

  14. 36 CFR 254.23 - Studies, assessments, and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Studies, assessments, and approval. 254.23 Section 254.23 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.23 Studies, assessments, and...

  15. 36 CFR 254.23 - Studies, assessments, and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Studies, assessments, and approval. 254.23 Section 254.23 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.23 Studies, assessments, and...

  16. 36 CFR 254.20 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 254.20 Section 254.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS National Forest Townsites § 254.20 Purpose and scope. (a) A Forest Service official may,...

  17. 42 CFR 403.254 - Calculation of premiums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Calculation of premiums. 403.254 Section 403.254... Ratio Provisions § 403.254 Calculation of premiums. (a) General provisions. To calculate the amount of “premiums”, calculate the present value on the initial calculation date of expected earned premiums for...

  18. 46 CFR 153.254 - Cargo tank access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cargo tank access. 153.254 Section 153.254 Shipping... BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS, OR COMPRESSED GAS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Design and Equipment Cargo Tanks § 153.254 Cargo tank access. (a) A cargo tank must have at least one covered manhole opening into...

  19. 40 CFR 265.254 - Design and operating requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Design and operating requirements. 265.254 Section 265.254 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES... DISPOSAL FACILITIES Waste Piles § 265.254 Design and operating requirements. The owner or operator of...

  20. 30 CFR 254.9 - Authority for information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.9... 1010-0091. The title of this information collection is “30 CFR part 254, Oil Spill Response... that the owner or operator of an offshore facility is prepared to respond to an oil spill. BSEE...

  1. 30 CFR 254.9 - Authority for information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.9... 1010-0091. The title of this information collection is “30 CFR part 254, Oil Spill Response... that the owner or operator of an offshore facility is prepared to respond to an oil spill. BSEE...

  2. 30 CFR 254.9 - Authority for information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 254.9 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL... this information collection is “30 CFR part 254, Oil Spill Response Requirements for Facilities Located... offshore facility is prepared to respond to an oil spill. MMS uses the information to verify...

  3. 30 CFR 254.9 - Authority for information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.9... 1010-0091. The title of this information collection is “30 CFR part 254, Oil Spill Response... that the owner or operator of an offshore facility is prepared to respond to an oil spill. BSEE...

  4. Sides (west) and rears (north) of building 254. Water tower, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Sides (west) and rears (north) of building 254. Water tower, building 239 (HABS no. CO-172-B) is in the distance. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Building 254, North side of East O'Niell Avenue, between Tenth & Twelfth Streets, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  5. 40 CFR 61.254 - Annual reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Annual reporting requirements. 61.254 Section 61.254 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standards for...

  6. 40 CFR 61.254 - Annual reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Annual reporting requirements. 61.254 Section 61.254 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standards for...

  7. 40 CFR 61.254 - Annual reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Annual reporting requirements. 61.254 Section 61.254 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standards for...

  8. 40 CFR 61.254 - Annual reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Annual reporting requirements. 61.254 Section 61.254 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standards for...

  9. 40 CFR 61.254 - Annual reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Annual reporting requirements. 61.254 Section 61.254 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standards for...

  10. 30 CFR 254.9 - Authority for information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Authority for information collection. 254.9 Section 254.9 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT... spill. MMS uses the information to verify compliance with the mandates of the Oil Pollution Act of...

  11. 36 CFR 25.4 - Schedule of rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 25.4 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL MILITARY PARKS; LICENSED GUIDE SERVICE REGULATIONS § 25.4 Schedule of rates. As the conditions of each park differ with respect to the proper charge for the service rendered to the public, the...

  12. 36 CFR 254.34 - Mineral survey fractions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Mineral survey fractions. 254... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.34 Mineral survey fractions. (a) Mineral survey...) Forest Service officials shall consider the following criteria in determining whether to convey...

  13. 36 CFR 254.34 - Mineral survey fractions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Mineral survey fractions. 254... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.34 Mineral survey fractions. (a) Mineral survey...) Forest Service officials shall consider the following criteria in determining whether to convey...

  14. 36 CFR 254.34 - Mineral survey fractions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Mineral survey fractions. 254... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.34 Mineral survey fractions. (a) Mineral survey...) Forest Service officials shall consider the following criteria in determining whether to convey...

  15. 36 CFR 254.34 - Mineral survey fractions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Mineral survey fractions. 254... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.34 Mineral survey fractions. (a) Mineral survey...) Forest Service officials shall consider the following criteria in determining whether to convey...

  16. 36 CFR 254.34 - Mineral survey fractions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mineral survey fractions. 254... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Conveyance of Small Tracts § 254.34 Mineral survey fractions. (a) Mineral survey...) Forest Service officials shall consider the following criteria in determining whether to convey...

  17. 16 CFR 254.2 - Deceptive trade or business names.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Deceptive trade or business names. 254.2... PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.2 Deceptive trade or business names. (a) It is deceptive for an industry member to use any trade or business name, label, insignia, or designation...

  18. 16 CFR 254.2 - Deceptive trade or business names.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Deceptive trade or business names. 254.2... PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.2 Deceptive trade or business names. (a) It is deceptive for an Industry Member to misrepresent, directly or indirectly, expressly or by implication,...

  19. 16 CFR 254.2 - Deceptive trade or business names.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Deceptive trade or business names. 254.2... PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.2 Deceptive trade or business names. (a) It is deceptive for an industry member to use any trade or business name, label, insignia, or designation...

  20. 16 CFR 254.2 - Deceptive trade or business names.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Deceptive trade or business names. 254.2... PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.2 Deceptive trade or business names. (a) It is deceptive for an industry member to use any trade or business name, label, insignia, or designation...

  1. 7 CFR 868.254 - Broken kernels determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Broken kernels determination. 868.254 Section 868.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND...

  2. 7 CFR 868.254 - Broken kernels determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Broken kernels determination. 868.254 Section 868.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND...

  3. 7 CFR 868.254 - Broken kernels determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Broken kernels determination. 868.254 Section 868.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND...

  4. 7 CFR 868.254 - Broken kernels determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Broken kernels determination. 868.254 Section 868.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND...

  5. 40 CFR 52.254 - Organic solvent usage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Organic solvent usage. 52.254 Section...) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS California § 52.254 Organic solvent usage. (a) This...) No person shall discharge into the atmosphere more than 15 pounds of organic materials in any 1...

  6. 40 CFR 52.254 - Organic solvent usage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Organic solvent usage. 52.254 Section...) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS California § 52.254 Organic solvent usage. (a) This...) No person shall discharge into the atmosphere more than 15 pounds of organic materials in any 1...

  7. 30 CFR 254.41 - Training your response personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Training your response personnel. 254.41 Section 254.41 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE... procedures; (3) Oil-spill trajectory analysis and predicting spill movement; and (4) Any...

  8. 30 CFR 254.41 - Training your response personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Training your response personnel. 254.41 Section 254.41 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE... procedures; (3) Oil-spill trajectory analysis and predicting spill movement; and (4) Any...

  9. 30 CFR 254.41 - Training your response personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Training your response personnel. 254.41 Section 254.41 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE... procedures; (3) Oil-spill trajectory analysis and predicting spill movement; and (4) Any...

  10. 7 CFR 3560.254 - Eligibility for rental assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligibility for rental assistance. 3560.254 Section 3560.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rental Subsidies §...

  11. 7 CFR 3560.254 - Eligibility for rental assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Eligibility for rental assistance. 3560.254 Section 3560.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rental Subsidies §...

  12. 7 CFR 3560.254 - Eligibility for rental assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Eligibility for rental assistance. 3560.254 Section 3560.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rental Subsidies §...

  13. 7 CFR 3560.254 - Eligibility for rental assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Eligibility for rental assistance. 3560.254 Section 3560.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rental Subsidies §...

  14. 7 CFR 3560.254 - Eligibility for rental assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Eligibility for rental assistance. 3560.254 Section 3560.254 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rental Subsidies §...

  15. 36 CFR 254.5 - Assembled land exchanges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Assembled land exchanges. 254... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.5 Assembled land exchanges. (a) Whenever the authorized officer determines it to be practicable, an assembled land exchange arrangement may be used to facilitate...

  16. 36 CFR 254.5 - Assembled land exchanges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assembled land exchanges. 254... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.5 Assembled land exchanges. (a) Whenever the authorized officer determines it to be practicable, an assembled land exchange arrangement may be used to facilitate...

  17. 40 CFR 25.4 - Information, notification, and consultation responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... consultation responsibilities. 25.4 Section 25.4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... responsibilities. (a) General. EPA, State, interstate, and substate agencies shall conduct a continuing program for..., consistent with applicable statutory requirements, the social, economic, and environmental consequences...

  18. 36 CFR 254.7 - Assumption of costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assumption of costs. 254.7 Section 254.7 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP... species habitat; (4) Cash equalization funds are available for compensation of the non-Federal party;...

  19. 36 CFR 254.7 - Assumption of costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Assumption of costs. 254.7 Section 254.7 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP... species habitat; (4) Cash equalization funds are available for compensation of the non-Federal party;...

  20. 36 CFR 254.7 - Assumption of costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Assumption of costs. 254.7 Section 254.7 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LANDOWNERSHIP... species habitat; (4) Cash equalization funds are available for compensation of the non-Federal party;...

  1. 36 CFR 254.11 - Exchanges at approximately equal value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... equal value. 254.11 Section 254.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...; (2) The value of the lands to be conveyed out of Federal ownership is not more than $150,000 as based...) The Federal and non-Federal lands are substantially similar in location, acreage, use, and...

  2. Deep ultraviolet (254 nm) focal plane array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cicek, Erdem; Vashaei, Zahra; McClintock, Ryan; Razeghi, Manijeh

    2011-10-01

    We report the synthesis, fabrication and testing of a 320 × 256 focal plane array (FPA) of back-illuminated, solarblind, p-i-n, AlxGa1-xN-based detectors, fully realized within our research laboratory. We implemented a novel pulsed atomic layer deposition technique for the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) growth of crackfree, thick, and high Al composition AlxGa1-xN layers. Following the growth, the wafer was processed into a 320 × 256 array of 25 μm × 25 μm pixels on a 30 μm pixel-pitch and surrounding mini-arrays. A diagnostic mini-array was hybridized to a silicon fan-out chip to allow the study of electrical and optical characteristics of discrete pixels of the FPA. At a reverse bias of 1 V, an average photodetector exhibited a low dark current density of 1.12×10-8 A/cm2. Solar-blind operation is observed throughout the array with peak detection occurring at wavelengths of 256 nm and lower and falling off three orders of magnitude by 285 nm. After indium bump deposition and dicing, the FPA is hybridized to a matching ISC 9809 readout integrated circuit (ROIC). By developing a novel masking technology, we significantly reduced the visible response of the ROIC and thus the need for external filtering to achieve solar- and visible-blind operation is eliminated. This allowed the FPA to achieve high external quantum efficiency (EQE): at 254 nm, average pixels showed unbiased peak responsivity of 75 mA/W, which corresponds to an EQE of ~37%. Finally, the uniformity of the FPA and imaging properties are investigated.

  3. 254. Photocopy of drawing (1975 structural drawing by the Ralph ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    254. Photocopy of drawing (1975 structural drawing by the Ralph M. Parsons Company) FLAME DEFLECTOR FOR LAUNCHER, SHEET S-17 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 East, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  4. 1. SOUTH AND WEST SIDES OF BUILDING 254. VIEW TO ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. SOUTH AND WEST SIDES OF BUILDING 254. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Caustic Fusion Building, 450 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 900 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  5. 2. EAST AND NORTH SIDES OF BUILDING 254. VIEW TO ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. EAST AND NORTH SIDES OF BUILDING 254. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Caustic Fusion Building, 450 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 900 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  6. 42 CFR 403.254 - Calculation of premiums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Ratio Provisions § 403.254 Calculation of premiums. (a) General provisions. To calculate the amount of... loss ratio calculation period. (b) Specific provisions. (1) Earned premium for a given period means—...

  7. 42 CFR 403.254 - Calculation of premiums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Ratio Provisions § 403.254 Calculation of premiums. (a) General provisions. To calculate the amount of... loss ratio calculation period. (b) Specific provisions. (1) Earned premium for a given period means—...

  8. 42 CFR 403.254 - Calculation of premiums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Ratio Provisions § 403.254 Calculation of premiums. (a) General provisions. To calculate the amount of... loss ratio calculation period. (b) Specific provisions. (1) Earned premium for a given period means—...

  9. 16 CFR 254.7 - Deceptive sales practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.7 Deceptive sales practices. (a) It is deceptive for an... student, prior to enrollment, the total cost of the program and the school's refund policy if the...

  10. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for At-254 (Astatine)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope At-254 (Astatine, atomic number Z = 85, mass number A = 254).

  11. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Bk-254 (Berkelium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Bk-254 (Berkelium, atomic number Z = 97, mass number A = 254).

  12. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Pa-254 (Protactinium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Pa-254 (Protactinium, atomic number Z = 91, mass number A = 254).

  13. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ac-254 (Actinium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ac-254 (Actinium, atomic number Z = 89, mass number A = 254).

  14. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-254 (Mendelevium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-254 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 254).

  15. 30 CFR 254.5 - General response plan requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 254.5 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL... plan requirements. (a) The response plan must provide for response to an oil spill from the facility... remove any spills of oil. (d) In addition to the requirements listed in this part, you must provide...

  16. 30 CFR 254.5 - General response plan requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.5 General response plan requirements. (a) The response plan must provide for response to an oil spill from... spill and remove any spills of oil. (d) In addition to the requirements listed in this part, you...

  17. 30 CFR 254.5 - General response plan requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.5 General response plan requirements. (a) The response plan must provide for response to an oil spill from... spill and remove any spills of oil. (d) In addition to the requirements listed in this part, you...

  18. 30 CFR 254.5 - General response plan requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.5 General response plan requirements. (a) The response plan must provide for response to an oil spill from... spill and remove any spills of oil. (d) In addition to the requirements listed in this part, you...

  19. 36 CFR 254.8 - Notice of exchange proposal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... exchange proposal. In addition, minor corrections of land descriptions and other insignificant changes do... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.8 Notice of exchange proposal. (a) Upon entering into an... lands or interests proposed for exchange are located. The authorized officer shall notify...

  20. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights..., franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit...

  1. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights..., franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit...

  2. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights..., franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit...

  3. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights..., franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit...

  4. 42 CFR 412.254 - Proceedings before MGCRB.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEMS FOR INPATIENT HOSPITAL SERVICES The Medicare Geographic Classification Review Board Composition and Procedures § 412.254 Proceedings before MGCRB. (a) On-the-record...

  5. 24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Project Requirements § 92.254... applicable period specified in the following table, beginning after project completion. The per unit amount... after project completion. (8) Contract to purchase. If HOME funds are used to assist a homebuyer who...

  6. 24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Project Requirements § 92.254... applicable period specified in the following table, beginning after project completion. The per unit amount... after project completion. (8) Contract to purchase. If HOME funds are used to assist a homebuyer who...

  7. 16 CFR 254.0 - Scope and application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... secondary schools or institutions of higher education offering at least a 2-year program of accredited... AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.0 Scope and application. (a) The Guides in this part apply to..., marketing, and sale of, and the recruitment of students for, courses or programs of instruction offered...

  8. 40 CFR 25.4 - Information, notification, and consultation responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... GENERAL PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN PROGRAMS UNDER THE RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT, THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT, AND THE CLEAN WATER ACT § 25.4 Information, notification, and consultation... Freedom of Information Act are set forth in part 2 of this chapter. Consistent with the objectives of §...

  9. 7 CFR 254.3 - Administration by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.3 Administration by an ITO. (a) Applicability of part 253....

  10. 7 CFR 254.4 - Application by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.4 Application by an ITO. (a) Application to FNS Regional Office....

  11. 7 CFR 254.3 - Administration by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.3 Administration by an ITO. (a) Applicability of part 253....

  12. 7 CFR 254.3 - Administration by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.3 Administration by an ITO. (a) Applicability of part 253....

  13. 7 CFR 254.4 - Application by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.4 Application by an ITO. (a) Application to FNS Regional Office....

  14. 7 CFR 254.3 - Administration by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.3 Administration by an ITO. (a) Applicability of part 253....

  15. 7 CFR 254.3 - Administration by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.3 Administration by an ITO. (a) Applicability of part 253....

  16. 7 CFR 254.4 - Application by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.4 Application by an ITO. (a) Application to FNS Regional Office....

  17. 7 CFR 254.4 - Application by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.4 Application by an ITO. (a) Application to FNS Regional Office....

  18. 7 CFR 254.4 - Application by an ITO.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA § 254.4 Application by an ITO. (a) Application to FNS Regional Office....

  19. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications developed through the use of funds remitted to the Board under the provisions...

  20. 36 CFR 254.1 - Scope and applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... LANDOWNERSHIP ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.1 Scope and applicability. (a) These rules set forth the procedures for conducting exchanges of National Forest System lands. The procedures in these rules may be... exchanges of land or interests in land, including but not limited to minerals, water rights, and...

  1. 18 CFR 367.2540 - Account 254, Other regulatory liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Credits § 367.2540 Account 254, Other regulatory... regulatory liabilities. 367.2540 Section 367.2540 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF...

  2. 36 CFR 254.42 - Valuation of tracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Valuation of tracts. 254.42... Forest Service appraisal procedures and the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land Acquisition. The... National Forest System land made by any persons other than the Government may be excluded from the...

  3. 36 CFR 254.42 - Valuation of tracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Valuation of tracts. 254.42... Forest Service appraisal procedures and the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land Acquisition. The... National Forest System land made by any persons other than the Government may be excluded from the...

  4. 36 CFR 254.42 - Valuation of tracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Valuation of tracts. 254.42... Forest Service appraisal procedures and the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land Acquisition. The... National Forest System land made by any persons other than the Government may be excluded from the...

  5. 36 CFR 254.42 - Valuation of tracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Valuation of tracts. 254.42... Forest Service appraisal procedures and the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land Acquisition. The... National Forest System land made by any persons other than the Government may be excluded from the...

  6. 28 CFR 25.4 - Record source categories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ....4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS The National Instant Criminal Background Check System § 25.4 Record source categories. It is anticipated that... to the NICS Index. Information in the NCIC and III systems that will be searched during a...

  7. 28 CFR 25.4 - Record source categories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS The National Instant Criminal Background Check System § 25.4 Record source categories. It is anticipated that... to the NICS Index. Information in the NCIC and III systems that will be searched during a...

  8. 28 CFR 25.4 - Record source categories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS The National Instant Criminal Background Check System § 25.4 Record source categories. It is anticipated that... to the NICS Index. Information in the NCIC and III systems that will be searched during a...

  9. 28 CFR 25.4 - Record source categories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS The National Instant Criminal Background Check System § 25.4 Record source categories. It is anticipated that... to the NICS Index. Information in the NCIC and III systems that will be searched during a...

  10. 28 CFR 25.4 - Record source categories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS The National Instant Criminal Background Check System § 25.4 Record source categories. It is anticipated that... to the NICS Index. Information in the NCIC and III systems that will be searched during a...

  11. 16 CFR 254.2 - Deceptive trade or business names.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.2 Deceptive trade or business names. (a) It is... misleads or deceives prospective students as to the nature of the school, its accreditation, programs of... school. (c) If an industry member conducts its instruction by correspondence, or other form of...

  12. 30 CFR 254.2 - When must I submit a response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When must I submit a response plan? 254.2 Section 254.2 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.2 When must I submit...

  13. 30 CFR 254.8 - May I appeal decisions under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I appeal decisions under this part? 254.8 Section 254.8 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.8 May I...

  14. 30 CFR 254.7 - How do I submit my response plan to the MMS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I submit my response plan to the MMS? 254.7 Section 254.7 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.7...

  15. 47 CFR 1.254 - Nature of the hearing; burden of proof.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. 1.254 Section 1.254 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Hearing Proceedings Hearing and Intermediate Decision § 1.254 Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. Any hearing...

  16. 6 CFR 25.4 - Designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... technologies. 25.4 Section 25.4 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REGULATIONS TO SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.4 Designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies. (a) General. The Under Secretary may Designate as a Qualified...

  17. 47 CFR 1.254 - Nature of the hearing; burden of proof.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. 1.254 Section 1.254 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Hearing Proceedings Hearing and Intermediate Decision § 1.254 Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. Any hearing...

  18. 47 CFR 1.254 - Nature of the hearing; burden of proof.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. 1.254 Section 1.254 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Hearing Proceedings Hearing and Intermediate Decision § 1.254 Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. Any hearing...

  19. 47 CFR 1.254 - Nature of the hearing; burden of proof.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. 1.254 Section 1.254 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Hearing Proceedings Hearing and Intermediate Decision § 1.254 Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. Any hearing...

  20. 47 CFR 1.254 - Nature of the hearing; burden of proof.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. 1.254 Section 1.254 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Hearing Proceedings Hearing and Intermediate Decision § 1.254 Nature of the hearing; burden of proof. Any hearing...

  1. 17 CFR 230.254 - Solicitation of interest document for use prior to an offering statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... document for use prior to an offering statement. 230.254 Section 230.254 Commodity and Securities Exchanges...-Conditional Small Issues Exemption § 230.254 Solicitation of interest document for use prior to an offering... securities offering. Following submission of the written document or script of the broadcast to...

  2. 6 CFR 25.4 - Designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... technologies. 25.4 Section 25.4 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REGULATIONS TO SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.4 Designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies. (a) General. The Under Secretary may Designate as a Qualified...

  3. 30 CFR 254.44 - Calculating response equipment effective daily recovery capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... recovery capacities. 254.44 Section 254.44 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... recovery capacities. (a) You are required by § 254.26(d)(1) to calculate the effective daily recovery capacity of the response equipment identified in your response plan that you would use to contain...

  4. 30 CFR 254.44 - Calculating response equipment effective daily recovery capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... recovery capacities. 254.44 Section 254.44 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT... equipment effective daily recovery capacities. (a) You are required by § 254.26(d)(1) to calculate the effective daily recovery capacity of the response equipment identified in your response plan that you...

  5. 30 CFR 254.44 - Calculating response equipment effective daily recovery capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... recovery capacities. 254.44 Section 254.44 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION... Calculating response equipment effective daily recovery capacities. (a) You are required by § 254.26(d)(1) to calculate the effective daily recovery capacity of the response equipment identified in your response...

  6. 6 CFR 25.4 - Designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... technologies. 25.4 Section 25.4 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REGULATIONS TO SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.4 Designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies. (a) General. The Under Secretary may Designate as a Qualified...

  7. 75 FR 18047 - Amendment of Low Altitude Area Navigation Route T-254; Houston, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... Route T-254; Houston, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends low altitude Area Navigation (RNAV) route T-254 in the Houston, TX, terminal area by... the College Station, TX, VORTAC. The FAA is taking this action to eliminate a portion of T-254 that...

  8. Iodide-mediated photooxidation of arsenite under 254 nm irradiation.

    PubMed

    Yeo, Jiman; Choi, Wonyong

    2009-05-15

    The preoxidation of As(III) to As(V) is a desirable process to increase the removal efficiency of arsenic in water treatment In this work, the photooxidation of As(III) under 254 nm irradiation was investigated in the concentration range of 1-1000 microM in the presence of potassium iodide (typically 100 microM). Although the direct photooxidation of As(III) in water was negligible, the presence of iodide dramatically enhanced the oxidation rate. The quantitative conversion of As(III) to As(V) was achieved. The quantum yields of As(III) photooxidation ranged from 0.08 to 0.6, depending on the concentration of iodide and As(III). The excitation of iodides under 254 nm irradiation led to the generation of iodine atoms and triiodides, which seem to be involved in the oxidation process of As(III). Because the efficiency of iodine atom generation is highly dependent on the presence of suitable electron acceptors,the photooxidation of As(III) was efficient in an air- or N2O-saturated solution but markedly reduced in the N2-saturated solution. The production of H2O2 was also accompanied by the generation of As(V). The addition of excess methanol (OH radical scavenger) did not reduce the photooxidation rate at all, which ruled out the possibility of hydroxyl radical involvement. It was found that the in situ photogenerated triiodides oxidize As(III) with regenerating iodides by completing a cycle. The proposed UV254/KI/As(III) process is essentially an iodide-mediated photocatalysis.

  9. 254. Doughton Park. View of the Martin Brinegar cabin which ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    254. Doughton Park. View of the Martin Brinegar cabin which was restored for interpretative purposed in 1941 with the preparation of measured drawings for the Historic American Buildings Survey. The actual restoration was carried out by WPA forces. The grounds around the cabin were treated as an interpretative landscape rather than a historic restoration. This one of two sites along the parkway where an individual homestead was relatively intact when it was obtained and kept as an interpretative display. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  10. Ozone and UV254 radiation for municipal wastewater disinfection.

    PubMed

    Blatchley, Ernest R; Weng, Shihchi; Afifi, Mehrnaz Zare; Chiu, Hsiao-Han; Reichlin, Douglas B; Jousset, Stéphane; Erhardt, Richard S

    2012-11-01

    Bench-scale experiments were conducted with municipal wastewater effluent samples to examine the feasibility of combined application of ozone and ultraviolet (UV) radiation for disinfection. Effluent samples displayed rapid initial ozone demand, which promotes ozone transfer but diminishes disinfection efficacy. Ozone doses up to 10 mg/L yielded only trace quantities of residual ozone; despite the fact that initial ozone demand was never exceeded, quantifiable (though variable) inactivation of E. coli was observed, along with modest improvements of UV transmittance. Results from collimated beam experiments demonstrated that compliance with effluent discharge permit limitations could be achieved consistently with a UV254 dose of 12.4 mJ/cm2 at a pre-ozonation dose of 2 to 3 mg/L. In the absence of pre-ozonation, consistent compliance was observed at a UV dose of 16.5 mJ/cm2. No evidence of synergism between ozone and UV254 radiation was found in the measured inactivation responses of E. coli.

  11. High-K multi-quasiparticle states in 254No

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clark, R. M.; Gregorich, K. E.; Berryman, J. S.; Ali, M. N.; Allmond, J. M.; Beausang, C. W.; Cromaz, M.; Deleplanque, M. A.; Dragojević, I.; Dvorak, J.; Ellison, P. A.; Fallon, P.; Garcia, M. A.; Gates, J. M.; Gros, S.; Jeppesen, H. B.; Kaji, D.; Lee, I. Y.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Morimoto, K.; Nitsche, H.; Paschalis, S.; Petri, M.; Stavsetra, L.; Stephens, F. S.; Watanabe, H.; Wiedeking, M.

    2010-06-01

    We report results from an experiment on the decay of the high-K isomers in 254No. We have been able to establish the decay from the known high-lying four-quasiparticle isomer, which we assign as a K=16 state at an excitation energy of Ex=2.928(3) MeV. The decay of this state passes through a rotational band based on a previously unobserved state at Ex=2.012(2) MeV, which we suggest is based on a two-quasineutron configuration with K=10. This state in turn decays to a rotational band based on the known K=8 isomer, which we infer must also have a two quasineutron configuration. We are able to assign many new gamma-rays associated with the decay of the K=8 isomer, including the identification of a highly K-forbidden ΔK=8 E1 transition to the ground-state band. These results provide valuable new information on the orbitals close to the Fermi surface, pairing correlations, deformation and rotational response, and K-conservation in nuclei of the deformed trans-fermium region.

  12. 30 CFR 254.7 - How do I submit my response plan to the BSEE?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How do I submit my response plan to the BSEE? 254.7 Section 254.7 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST...

  13. 30 CFR 254.7 - How do I submit my response plan to the BSEE?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How do I submit my response plan to the BSEE? 254.7 Section 254.7 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST...

  14. 30 CFR 254.8 - May I appeal decisions under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false May I appeal decisions under this part? 254.8 Section 254.8 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General §...

  15. 30 CFR 254.1 - Who must submit a spill-response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who must submit a spill-response plan? 254.1 Section 254.1 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL... spill-response plan? (a) If you are the owner or operator of an oil handling, storage, or...

  16. 30 CFR 254.7 - How do I submit my response plan to the BSEE?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How do I submit my response plan to the BSEE? 254.7 Section 254.7 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST...

  17. 30 CFR 254.8 - May I appeal decisions under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false May I appeal decisions under this part? 254.8 Section 254.8 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General §...

  18. 30 CFR 254.2 - When must I submit a response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false When must I submit a response plan? 254.2 Section 254.2 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General §...

  19. 30 CFR 254.2 - When must I submit a response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false When must I submit a response plan? 254.2 Section 254.2 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General §...

  20. 30 CFR 254.8 - May I appeal decisions under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false May I appeal decisions under this part? 254.8 Section 254.8 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General §...

  1. 30 CFR 254.21 - How must I format my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How must I format my response plan? 254.21 Section 254.21 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response...

  2. 30 CFR 254.46 - Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs? 254.46... Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.46 Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs? (a) You must immediately notify the National Response Center (1-800-424-8802) if you observe: (1) An oil spill from...

  3. 30 CFR 254.46 - Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs? 254.46... INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Related Requirements for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.46 Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs? (a)...

  4. 30 CFR 254.51 - Modifying an existing OCS response plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Modifying an existing OCS response plan. 254.51 Section 254.51 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill...

  5. 30 CFR 254.2 - When must I submit a response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When must I submit a response plan? 254.2 Section 254.2 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General §...

  6. 30 CFR 254.46 - Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs? 254.46... INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Related Requirements for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.46 Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs? (a)...

  7. 30 CFR 254.46 - Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs? 254.46... INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Related Requirements for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.46 Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs? (a)...

  8. 30 CFR 254.52 - Following the format for an OCS response plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Following the format for an OCS response plan. 254.52 Section 254.52 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE...

  9. 37 CFR 2.54 - Requirements for drawings submitted on paper.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... submitted on paper. 2.54 Section 2.54 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... drawings submitted on paper. The drawing must meet the requirements of § 2.52. In addition, in a paper submission, the drawing should: (a) Be on non-shiny white paper that is separate from the application; (b)...

  10. 30 CFR 254.7 - How do I submit my response plan to the MMS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., Anchorage, AK 99508-4302. (b) Send plans for facilities in the Gulf of Mexico or Atlantic Ocean to: Minerals...? 254.7 Section 254.7 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT... Boulevard, New Orleans, LA 70123-2394. (c) Send plans for facilities in the Pacific Ocean (except seaward...

  11. 50 CFR 14.254 - What are the requirements contained in these regulations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What are the requirements contained in these regulations? 14.254 Section 14.254 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE... IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS IMPORTATION, EXPORTATION, AND TRANSPORTATION OF WILDLIFE Captive...

  12. 37 CFR 2.54 - Requirements for drawings submitted on paper.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... submitted on paper. 2.54 Section 2.54 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... drawings submitted on paper. The drawing must meet the requirements of § 2.52. In addition, in a paper submission, the drawing should: (a) Be on non-shiny white paper that is separate from the application; (b)...

  13. 6 CFR 25.4 - Designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Technology for purposes of the protections under the system of litigation and risk management set forth in...-terrorism Technology will not be deployed unless protections under the system of risk management provided... technologies. 25.4 Section 25.4 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE...

  14. 75 FR 6319 - Proposed Amendment of Low Altitude Area Navigation Route T-254; Houston, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ... altitude Area Navigation (RNAV) route T-254 in the Houston, TX, terminal area by eliminating the segment... safety and the efficient use of the navigable airspace in the Houston, TX, terminal area. DATES: Comments... amend the low altitude RNAV route T-254 in the Houston, TX, terminal area by eliminating the...

  15. 30 CFR 250.254 - What mitigation measures information must accompany the DPP or DOCD?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What mitigation measures information must accompany the DPP or DOCD? 250.254 Section 250.254 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... Information Contents of Development and Production Plans (dpp) and Development Operations...

  16. Ultraviolet light (254 NM) inactivation of pathogens on foods and stainless steel surfaces

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Ultraviolet Light (254 nm) is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved nonthermal intervention technology that can be used for decontamination of food surfaces. In this study the use of 254 nm. Ultraviolet Light (UV) at doses of 0.5 to 4.0 J/cm2 to inactivate Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytoge...

  17. 30 CFR 254.43 - Maintenance and periodic inspection of response equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Maintenance and periodic inspection of response equipment. 254.43 Section 254.43 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF...

  18. 30 CFR 254.43 - Maintenance and periodic inspection of response equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Maintenance and periodic inspection of response equipment. 254.43 Section 254.43 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF...

  19. 28 CFR 2.54 - Reviews pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 4215(c).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Reviews pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 4215(c). 2.54 Section 2.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND RECOMMITMENT OF PRISONERS, YOUTH OFFENDERS, AND JUVENILE DELINQUENTS United States Code Prisoners and...

  20. 28 CFR 2.54 - Reviews pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 4215(c).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reviews pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 4215(c). 2.54 Section 2.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND RECOMMITMENT OF PRISONERS, YOUTH OFFENDERS, AND JUVENILE DELINQUENTS United States Code Prisoners and...

  1. 30 CFR 254.45 - Verifying the capabilities of your response equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... accordance with MMS-approved test criteria. You may use the document “Test Protocol for the Evaluation of Oil... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Verifying the capabilities of your response equipment. 254.45 Section 254.45 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

  2. Kinetics of UV254 inactivation of selected viral pathogens in a static system

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The objective of this study was to ascertain baseline inactivation constants for Influenza Type A, PRRSV, BVDV, and Reovirus at varying UV254 dosages. Viruses in culture medium were exposed to 9 different dosages of UV254. Following exposure, the viruses were harvested, stored at -80 C and titrated ...

  3. Mechanism of cyanoacetylene photochemistry at 185 and 254 nm

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clarke, D. W.; Ferris, J. P.

    1996-01-01

    The role of cyanoacetylene (HC3N) in the atmospheric photochemistry of Titan and its relevance to polymer formation are discussed. Investigation of the relative light absorption of HC3N, acetylene (C2H2), and diacetylene (C4H2) revealed that HC3N is an important absorber of UV light in the 205- to 225-nanometer wavelength region in Titan's polar regions. Laboratory studies established that photolysis of C2H2 initiates the polymerization of HC3N even though the HC3N is not absorbing the UV light. Quantum yield measurements establish that HC3N is 2-5 times as reactive as C2H2 for polymer formation. Photolysis of HC3N with 185-nanometer light in the presence of N2, H2, Ar, or CF4 results in a decrease in the yield of 1,3,5-tricyanobenzene (1,3,5-tcb), while photolysis in the presence of CH4, C2H6, or n-C4H10 results in an increase in 1,3,5-tcb. The rate of loss of HC3N is increased by all gases except H2, where it is unchanged. It was not possible to detect 1,3,5-tcb as a photoproduct when the partial pressure of HC3N was decreased to 1 torr. Photolysis of HC3N with 254-nanometer light in the presence of H2 or N2 results in the formation of 1,2,4-tcb, while photolysis in the presence of CH4, C2H6, or n-C4H10 results in the formation of increasing amounts of 1,3,5-tcb. Mechanisms for the formation of polymers are presented.

  4. 48 CFR 53.204-1 - Safeguarding classified information within industry (DD Form 254, DD Form 441).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... information within industry (DD Form 254, DD Form 441). 53.204-1 Section 53.204-1 Federal Acquisition....204-1 Safeguarding classified information within industry (DD Form 254, DD Form 441). The following... specified in subpart 4.4 and the clause at 52.204-2: (a) DD Form 254 (Department of Defense (DOD)),...

  5. 48 CFR 53.204-1 - Safeguarding classified information within industry (DD Form 254, DD Form 441).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information within industry (DD Form 254, DD Form 441). 53.204-1 Section 53.204-1 Federal Acquisition....204-1 Safeguarding classified information within industry (DD Form 254, DD Form 441). The following... specified in subpart 4.4 and the clause at 52.204-2: (a) DD Form 254 (Department of Defense (DOD)),...

  6. 30 CFR 254.21 - How must I format my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.21 How must I format my response...

  7. 30 CFR 254.4 - May I reference other documents in my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.4... National Contingency Plan (NCP), Area Contingency Plan (ACP), MMS environmental documents, and Oil...

  8. 30 CFR 254.21 - How must I format my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.21 How must I format...

  9. 30 CFR 254.21 - How must I format my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.21 How must I format my response...

  10. 30 CFR 254.21 - How must I format my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.21 How must I format my response...

  11. 27 CFR 46.254 - Additional reasons for filing a claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Floor Stocks Tax on Certain Tobacco Products, Cigarette Papers, and Cigarette Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009 Claims § 46.254 Additional reasons for...

  12. 27 CFR 46.254 - Additional reasons for filing a claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Floor Stocks Tax on Certain Tobacco Products, Cigarette Papers, and Cigarette Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009 Claims § 46.254 Additional reasons for...

  13. 27 CFR 46.254 - Additional reasons for filing a claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Floor Stocks Tax on Certain Tobacco Products, Cigarette Papers, and Cigarette Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009 Claims § 46.254 Additional reasons for...

  14. 7 CFR 982.254 - Free and restricted percentages-2006-2007 marketing year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Free and Restricted Percentages § 982.254 Free and... hazelnuts for the 2006-2007 marketing year shall be 8.2840 percent and 91.7160 percent, respectively....

  15. 7 CFR 982.254 - Free and restricted percentages-2006-2007 marketing year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Free and Restricted Percentages § 982.254 Free and... hazelnuts for the 2006-2007 marketing year shall be 8.2840 percent and 91.7160 percent, respectively....

  16. 7 CFR 982.254 - Free and restricted percentages-2006-2007 marketing year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Free and Restricted Percentages § 982.254 Free and... hazelnuts for the 2006-2007 marketing year shall be 8.2840 percent and 91.7160 percent, respectively....

  17. 7 CFR 982.254 - Free and restricted percentages-2006-2007 marketing year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Free and Restricted Percentages § 982.254 Free and... hazelnuts for the 2006-2007 marketing year shall be 8.2840 percent and 91.7160 percent, respectively....

  18. 7 CFR 982.254 - Free and restricted percentages-2006-2007 marketing year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Free and Restricted Percentages § 982.254 Free and... hazelnuts for the 2006-2007 marketing year shall be 8.2840 percent and 91.7160 percent, respectively....

  19. 27 CFR 46.254 - Additional reasons for filing a claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Floor Stocks Tax on Certain Tobacco Products, Cigarette Papers, and Cigarette Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009 Claims § 46.254 Additional reasons for...

  20. 27 CFR 46.254 - Additional reasons for filing a claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Floor Stocks Tax on Certain Tobacco Products, Cigarette Papers, and Cigarette Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009 Claims § 46.254 Additional reasons for...

  1. 16 CFR 254.5 - Misrepresentations of enrollment qualifications or limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... instruction. (b) It is deceptive for an industry member to misrepresent that the lack of a high school... PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.5 Misrepresentations...

  2. Structure and formation mechanism of the transfermium isotope {sup 254}No.

    SciTech Connect

    Reiter, P.

    1998-12-17

    The ground-state band of the Z=102 isotope {sup 254}No has been identified up to spin 14, indicating that the nucleus is deformed. The deduced quadruple deformation, {beta} = 0.27, is in agreement with theoretical predictions. These observations confirm that the shell-correction energy responsible for the stability of transfermium nuclei is partly derived from deformation. The survival of {sup 254}No up to spin 14 means that its fission barrier persists at least up to that spin.

  3. cdc-25.4, a Caenorhabditis elegans Ortholog of cdc25, Is Required for Male Mating Behavior.

    PubMed

    Oh, Sangmi; Kawasaki, Ichiro; Park, Jae-Hyung; Shim, Yhong-Hee

    2016-12-07

    Cell division cycle 25 (cdc25) is an evolutionarily conserved phosphatase that promotes cell cycle progression. Among the four cdc25 orthologs in Caenorhabditis elegans, we found that cdc-25.4 mutant males failed to produce outcrossed progeny. This was not caused by defects in sperm development, but by defects in male mating behavior. The cdc-25.4 mutant males showed various defects during male mating, including contact response, backing, turning, and vulva location. Aberrant turning behavior was the most prominent defect in the cdc-25.4 mutant males. We also found that cdc-25.4 is expressed in many neuronal cells throughout development. The turning defect in cdc-25.4 mutant males was recovered by cdc-25.4 transgenic expression in neuronal cells, suggesting that cdc-25.4 functions in neurons for male mating. However, the neuronal morphology of cdc-25.4 mutant males appeared to be normal, as examined with several neuronal markers. Also, RNAi depletion of wee-1.3, a C. elegans ortholog of Wee1/Myt1 kinase, failed to suppress the mating defects of cdc-25.4 mutant males. These findings suggest that, for successful male mating, cdc-25.4 does not target cell cycles that are required for neuronal differentiation and development. Rather, cdc-25.4 likely regulates noncanonical substrates in neuronal cells.

  4. cdc-25.4, a Caenorhabditis elegans Ortholog of cdc25, Is Required for Male Mating Behavior

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Sangmi; Kawasaki, Ichiro; Park, Jae-Hyung; Shim, Yhong-Hee

    2016-01-01

    Cell division cycle 25 (cdc25) is an evolutionarily conserved phosphatase that promotes cell cycle progression. Among the four cdc25 orthologs in Caenorhabditis elegans, we found that cdc-25.4 mutant males failed to produce outcrossed progeny. This was not caused by defects in sperm development, but by defects in male mating behavior. The cdc-25.4 mutant males showed various defects during male mating, including contact response, backing, turning, and vulva location. Aberrant turning behavior was the most prominent defect in the cdc-25.4 mutant males. We also found that cdc-25.4 is expressed in many neuronal cells throughout development. The turning defect in cdc-25.4 mutant males was recovered by cdc-25.4 transgenic expression in neuronal cells, suggesting that cdc-25.4 functions in neurons for male mating. However, the neuronal morphology of cdc-25.4 mutant males appeared to be normal, as examined with several neuronal markers. Also, RNAi depletion of wee-1.3, a C. elegans ortholog of Wee1/Myt1 kinase, failed to suppress the mating defects of cdc-25.4 mutant males. These findings suggest that, for successful male mating, cdc-25.4 does not target cell cycles that are required for neuronal differentiation and development. Rather, cdc-25.4 likely regulates noncanonical substrates in neuronal cells. PMID:27770028

  5. Effect of temperature and relative humidity on ultraviolet (UV 254) inactivation of airborne porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus.

    PubMed

    Cutler, Timothy D; Wang, Chong; Hoff, Steven J; Zimmerman, Jeffrey J

    2012-09-14

    The objective of this research was to estimate the effects of temperature and relative humidity on the inactivation of airborne porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus by ultraviolet light (UV(254)). Aerosols of PRRS virus were exposed to one of four doses of UV(254) under nine combinations of temperature (n=3) and relative humidity (n=3). Inactivation constants (k), defined as the absolute value of the slope of the linear relationship between the survival fraction of the microbial population and the UV(254) exposure dose, were estimated using the random coefficient model. The associated UV(254) half-life dose for each combination of environmental factors was determined as (log(10)2/k) and expressed as UV(254) mJ per unit volume. The effects of UV(254) dose, temperature, and relative humidity were all statistically significant, as were the interactions between UV(254) dose × temperature and UV(254) dose × relative humidity. PRRS virus was more susceptible to ultraviolet as temperature decreased; most susceptible to ultraviolet inactivation at relative humidity between 25% and 79%, less susceptible at relative humidity ≤ 24%, and least susceptible at ≥ 80% relative humidity. The current study allows for calculating the dose of UV(254) required to inactivate airborne PRRS virus under various laboratory and field conditions using the inactivation constants and UV(254) half-life doses reported therein.

  6. G254: USU student payload flown on STS-64 in September, 1994

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Raghuram, Tumkur; Monje, Oscar A.; Evans, Brett; Droter, Matt; Lemon, Mark; Redd, Kristen; Hubble, Tina; Wilkinson, Mark; Wilkinson, Michael; Tebbs, Dan

    1995-01-01

    G254 is the culmination of USU Get Away Special (GAS) students' efforts to get back into space. After a hiatus of a decade, the USU GAS program flew its sixth canister on STS-64 in September 1994. Like its predecessor payloads, this one contained a diverse set of experiments, six in all. Each experiment has its own lessons learned, which hopefully can be passed on to the next generation of GAS students. This presentation will give a balanced view of the successes and failures of G254. Emphasis will be placed on describing the stumbling blocks and the many lessons learned that come from experience rather than academic training. G254 has once again taken a team of about fifteen USU students, plus about one hundred fourth and fifth graders, and given them an immeasurable education.

  7. New Lipase for Biodiesel Production: Partial Purification and Characterization of LipSB 25-4

    PubMed Central

    Ayaz, Berk; Ceylan, Ozgur; Okmen, Gulten

    2014-01-01

    The lipolytic activities of 300 Streptomyces isolates were determined in Tributyrin and Rhodamine-B Agar. Lipase activities were also measured with p-nitrophenyl palmitate (p-NPP) as a substrate. The strain of Streptomyces bambergiensis OC 25-4 used in this study was selected among 300 strains of Streptomyces from MUCC as the best lipase producer. The incubation conditions were optimized and the inoculum amount, incubation period, effect of carbon and nitrogen sources, and rates of MgSO4 and CaCO3 were investigated. LipSB 25-4 (the lipase produced by S. bambergiensis OC 25-4 strain) was partially purified with ammonium sulphate precipitation, dialysis, and gel filtration chromatography 2.73-fold and with 92.12 U/mg specific activity. The optimal pH and temperature for LipSB 25-4 were determined as 8.0 and 50°C, respectively. The lipase has high stability in all pH and temperature values used in this study. While LipSB 25-4 was slightly activated in the presence of β-mercaptoethanol, it was slightly reduced by PMSF. The enzyme conserved approximately 75% of its activity at the end of 60 h, in the presence of methanol and ethanol. Since LipSB 25-4 displays high activity in the thermophilic conditions and stability in the presence of organic solvents, this lipase can catalyse the biodiesel production from olive oil by the transesterification reactions. PMID:25937966

  8. 30 CFR 254.46 - Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Whom do I notify if an oil spill occurs? 254.46..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE... oil spill occurs? (a) You must immediately notify the National Response Center (1-800-424-8802) if...

  9. 30 CFR 254.1 - Who must submit a spill-response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.1 Who must submit a spill-response plan? (a) If you are the owner or operator of an oil handling... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Who must submit a spill-response plan?...

  10. 30 CFR 254.30 - When must I revise my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.30 When must I revise... name(s) or capabilities of the oil spill removal organizations cited in the plan; or (4) There is...

  11. 30 CFR 254.1 - Who must submit a spill-response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.1 Who must submit a spill-response plan? (a) If you are the owner or operator of an oil handling... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Who must submit a spill-response plan?...

  12. 30 CFR 254.30 - When must I revise my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.30 When must I revise my response plan... the oil spill removal organizations cited in the plan; or (4) There is a significant change to...

  13. 30 CFR 254.53 - Submitting a response plan developed under State requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Requirements for Facilities Located in State Waters Seaward of the Coast Line § 254... Federal officials and response personnel if there is a spill. (3) Identify any private personnel...

  14. 30 CFR 254.30 - When must I revise my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.30 When must I revise my response plan... the oil spill removal organizations cited in the plan; or (4) There is a significant change to...

  15. 30 CFR 254.1 - Who must submit a spill-response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.1 Who must submit a spill-response plan? (a) If you are the owner or operator of an oil handling... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Who must submit a spill-response plan?...

  16. 30 CFR 254.30 - When must I revise my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 254.30 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans... transported at the facility; (3) There is a change in the name(s) or capabilities of the oil spill...

  17. 30 CFR 254.30 - When must I revise my response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.30 When must I revise my response plan... the oil spill removal organizations cited in the plan; or (4) There is a significant change to...

  18. 30 CFR 254.42 - Exercises for your response personnel and equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Exercises for your response personnel and... COAST LINE Related Requirements for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.42 Exercises for your response personnel and equipment. (a) You must exercise your entire response plan at least once every...

  19. 30 CFR 254.42 - Exercises for your response personnel and equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Exercises for your response personnel and... COAST LINE Related Requirements for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.42 Exercises for your response personnel and equipment. (a) You must exercise your entire response plan at least once every...

  20. 30 CFR 254.42 - Exercises for your response personnel and equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Exercises for your response personnel and... COAST LINE Related Requirements for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.42 Exercises for your response personnel and equipment. (a) You must exercise your entire response plan at least once every...

  1. 48 CFR 53.303-254-53.303-347 - Illustration of agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Illustration of agency... FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.303-254—53.303-347 Illustration of agency forms. Editorial Note: The forms appearing in sections...

  2. 48 CFR 53.303-254-53.303-347 - Illustration of agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Illustration of agency... FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.303-254—53.303-347 Illustration of agency forms. Editorial Note: The forms appearing in sections...

  3. 48 CFR 53.303-254-53.303-347 - Illustration of agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Illustration of agency... FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.303-254—53.303-347 Illustration of agency forms. Editorial Note: The forms appearing in sections...

  4. 48 CFR 53.303-254-53.303-347 - Illustration of agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Illustration of agency... FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.303-254—53.303-347 Illustration of agency forms. Editorial Note: The forms appearing in sections...

  5. 48 CFR 53.303-254-53.303-347 - Illustration of agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Illustration of agency... FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.303-254—53.303-347 Illustration of agency forms. Editorial Note: The forms appearing in sections...

  6. 30 CFR 254.1 - Who must submit a spill-response plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE General § 254.1 Who must submit a spill-response plan? (a) If you are the owner or operator of an... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Who must submit a spill-response plan?...

  7. 30 CFR 254.42 - Exercises for your response personnel and equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Exercises for your response personnel and... SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Related Requirements for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.42 Exercises for your response personnel and equipment. (a) You must exercise your entire response plan at...

  8. 6 CFR 25.4 - Designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Designation of qualified anti-terrorism... REGULATIONS TO SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.4 Designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies. (a) General. The Under Secretary may Designate as a Qualified...

  9. 30 CFR 254.42 - Exercises for your response personnel and equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exercises for your response personnel and... Requirements for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.42 Exercises for your response personnel and equipment. (a) You must exercise your entire response plan at least once every 3 years (triennial...

  10. Ultraviolet light (254 NM) inactivation of pathogens on foods and stainless steel surfaces

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Ultraviolet Light (254 nm) is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved nonthermal intervention technology that can be used for decontamination of food surfaces. In this study the use of Ultraviolet Light (UVC) at doses of 0.5 - 4.0 J/cm2 to inactivate a cocktail of Salmonella spp., Listeria mon...

  11. 16 CFR 254.3 - Misrepresentation of extent or nature of accreditation or approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... member to misrepresent that its courses are recommended by vocational counselors, high schools, colleges... PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.3 Misrepresentation of... qualification, that its school is accredited unless all programs of instruction have been accredited by...

  12. 16 CFR 254.3 - Misrepresentation of extent or nature of accreditation or approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... courses or programs of instruction are recommended by vocational counselors, high schools, colleges... PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.3 Misrepresentation of... Industry Member should not: (1) Represent, without qualification, that its school is Accredited unless...

  13. 16 CFR 254.6 - Deceptive use of diplomas, degrees, or certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... high school diploma unless the program of instruction to which it pertains is substantially equivalent to that offered by a resident secondary school, and unless the student is informed, by a clear and... GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.6 Deceptive use of diplomas,...

  14. 16 CFR 254.6 - Deceptive use of diplomas, degrees, or certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... high school diploma unless the program of instruction to which it pertains is substantially equivalent to that offered by a resident secondary school, and unless the student is informed, by a clear and... GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.6 Deceptive use of diplomas,...

  15. 16 CFR 254.6 - Deceptive use of diplomas, degrees, or certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    .... (c) It is deceptive for an Industry Member to offer or confer a high school diploma unless the... secondary school, and unless the student is informed, by a clear and conspicuous disclosure in writing prior... GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.6 Deceptive use of diplomas,...

  16. 16 CFR 254.5 - Misrepresentations of enrollment qualifications or limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... to misrepresent, directly or indirectly, expressly or by implication, that the lack of a high school... student's likelihood of success in a school or program of instruction, including, but not limited to... PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.5 Misrepresentations...

  17. 16 CFR 254.3 - Misrepresentation of extent or nature of accreditation or approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... member to misrepresent that its courses are recommended by vocational counselors, high schools, colleges... PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.3 Misrepresentation of... qualification, that its school is accredited unless all programs of instruction have been accredited by...

  18. 16 CFR 254.6 - Deceptive use of diplomas, degrees, or certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... high school diploma unless the program of instruction to which it pertains is substantially equivalent to that offered by a resident secondary school, and unless the student is informed, by a clear and... GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.6 Deceptive use of diplomas,...

  19. 16 CFR 254.3 - Misrepresentation of extent or nature of accreditation or approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... member to misrepresent that its courses are recommended by vocational counselors, high schools, colleges... PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.3 Misrepresentation of... qualification, that its school is accredited unless all programs of instruction have been accredited by...

  20. 16 CFR 254.6 - Deceptive use of diplomas, degrees, or certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.6 Deceptive use of diplomas, degrees... high school diploma unless the program of instruction to which it pertains is substantially equivalent to that offered by a resident secondary school, and unless the student is informed, by a clear...

  1. 16 CFR 254.5 - Misrepresentations of enrollment qualifications or limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.5 Misrepresentations of... instruction. (b) It is deceptive for an industry member to misrepresent that the lack of a high school education or prior training or experience is not an impediment to successful completion of a course...

  2. 24 CFR 232.254 - Withdrawal of project funds, including for repayments of advances from the borrower, operator, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Withdrawal of project funds, including for repayments of advances from the borrower, operator, or management agent. 232.254 Section 232... FACILITIES Contract Rights and Obligations § 232.254 Withdrawal of project funds, including for repayments...

  3. 24 CFR 232.254 - Withdrawal of project funds, including for repayments of advances from the borrower, operator, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Withdrawal of project funds, including for repayments of advances from the borrower, operator, or management agent. 232.254 Section 232... FACILITIES Contract Rights and Obligations § 232.254 Withdrawal of project funds, including for repayments...

  4. Sumoylation of the P protein at K254 plays an important role in growth of parainfluenza virus 5.

    PubMed

    Sun, Dengyun; Xu, Pei; He, Biao

    2011-10-01

    The P protein of parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV5) is an essential cofactor of the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Phosphorylation of the P protein can positively or negatively regulate viral gene expression, depending on the precise phosphorylation sites. Sumoylation, a process of adding small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) to proteins posttranslationally, plays an important role in regulating protein function. In this study, we have found that the P protein of PIV5 was sumoylated with SUMO1 in both transfected and infected cells. The K254 residue of the P protein is within a consensus sumoylation motif. Mutation of the P protein at K254 to arginine (P-K254R) reduced PIV5 minigenome activity, as well as the sumoylation level of the P protein. Incorporation of K254R into a recombinant PIV5 (rPIV5-P-K254R) resulted in a virus that grew to a lower titer and had lower levels of viral RNA synthesis and protein expression than wild-type PIV5, suggesting that sumoylation of the P protein at K254 is important for PIV5 growth. Biochemical studies did not reveal any defect of P-K254R in its interactions with viral proteins NP and L or formation of homotetramers. We propose that sumoylation of the P protein at K254 regulates PIV5 gene expression through a host protein.

  5. 40 CFR 60.254 - Standards for coal processing and conveying equipment, coal storage systems, transfer and loading...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... conveying equipment, coal storage systems, transfer and loading systems, and open storage piles. 60.254... and Processing Plants § 60.254 Standards for coal processing and conveying equipment, coal storage systems, transfer and loading systems, and open storage piles. (a) On and after the date on which...

  6. Actinide cross sections from the reaction of sup 13 C with sup 254 Es sup g

    SciTech Connect

    Moody, K.J.; Lougheed, R.W.; Dougan, R.J.; Hulet, E.K.; Wild, J.F.; Summerer, K.; Hahn, R.L.; Aarle, J.v.; Bethune, G.R. )

    1990-01-01

    We have measured cross sections for the formation of actinide transfer products in the reaction of 72-MeV {sup 13}C projectiles with {sup 254}Es{sup {ital g}} targets. The pattern of nuclide yields is similar to those observed in the reactions of heavier ions with {sup 254}Es{sup {ital g}}. We have constructed the primary element yields from these results and show that the total cross section for transfer reactions is 58 mb. The total reaction cross section is about 300 mb. Lawrencium isotopes are formed with larger cross sections than are consistent with the trends of the transfer-product distributions; we explain this in terms of massive transfer, and model the lawrencium yields with an evaporation code.

  7. Stability and synthesis of superheavy elements: Fighting the battle against fission - example of 254No

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez-Martens, A.; Henning, G.; Khoo, T. L.; Seweryniak, D.; Alcorta, M.; Asai, M.; Back, B. B.; Bertone, P.; Boilley, D.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Chowdhury, P.; Gall, B.; Greenlees, P. T.; Gurdal, G.; Hauschild, K.; Heinz, A.; Hoffman, C. R.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Karpov, A. V.; Kay, B. P.; Kondev, F. G.; Lakshmi, S.; Lauristen, T.; Lister, C. J.; McCutchan, E. A.; Nair, C.; Piot, J.; Potterveld, D.; Reiter, P.; Rowley, N.; Rogers, A. M.; Zhu, S.

    2016-12-01

    Superheavy nuclei exist solely due to quantum shell effects, which create a pocket in the potential-energy surface of the nucleus, thus providing a barrier against spontaneous fission. Determining the height of the fission barrier and its angular-momentum dependence is important to quantify the role that microscopic shell corrections play in enhancing and extending the limits of nuclear stability. In this talk, the first measurement of a fission barrier in the very heavy nucleus 254No will be presented.

  8. 40 CFR 421.254 - Standards of performance for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Metals and Mercury Subcategory § 421.254 Standards of performance for new sources. Any new source subject... pollution control. NSPS for the Primary Precious Metals and Mercury Subcategory Pollutant or pollutant....364 0.169 Mercury 0.195 0.078 Silver 0.377 0.156 Zinc 1.326 0.546 Gold 0.130 Oil and Grease 13.000...

  9. 40 CFR 421.254 - Standards of performance for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Metals and Mercury Subcategory § 421.254 Standards of performance for new sources. Any new source subject... pollution control. NSPS for the Primary Precious Metals and Mercury Subcategory Pollutant or pollutant....364 0.169 Mercury 0.195 0.078 Silver 0.377 0.156 Zinc 1.326 0.546 Gold 0.130 Oil and Grease 13.000...

  10. Nuclear Structure Measurements of Fermium-254 and Advances in Target Production Methodologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gothe, Oliver Ralf

    The Berkeley Gas-filled Separator (BGS) has been upgraded with a new gas control system. It allows for accurate control of hydrogen and helium gas mixtures. This greatly increases the capabilities of the separator by reducing background signals in the focal plane detector for asymmetric nuclear reactions. It has also been shown that gas mixtures can be used to focus the desired reaction products into a smaller area, thereby increasing the experimental efficiency. A new electrodeposition cell has been developed to produce metal oxide targets for experiments at the BGS. The new cell has been characterized and was used to produce americium targets for the production of element 115 in the reaction 243Am(48Ca.3n) 288115. Additionally, a new method of producing targets for nuclear reactions was explored. A procedure for producing targets via Polymer Assisted Deposition (PAD) was developed and targets produced via this method were tested using the nuclear reaction 208Pb(40Ar.4 n)244Fm to determine their in-beam performance. It was determined that the silicon nitride backings used in this procedure are not feasible due to their crystal structures, and alternative backing materials have been tested and proposed. A previously unknown level in 254Fm has been identified at 985.7 keV utilizing a newly developed low background coincident apparatus. 254m was produced in the reaction 208Pb(48Ca. n)254No. Reaction products were guided to the two-clover low background detector setup via a recoil transfer chamber. The new level has been assigned a spin of 2- and has tentatively been identified as the octupole vibration in 254Fm. Transporting evaporation residues to a two-clover, low background detector setup can effectively be used to perform gamma-spectroscopy measurements of nuclei that are not accessible by current common methodologies. This technique provides an excellent addition to previously available tools such as in-beam spectroscopy and gamma-ray tracking arrays.

  11. Study of the decay of /sup 254/Es and /sup 250/Bk

    SciTech Connect

    Popov, Yu.S.; Kovantsev, V.N.; Elesin, A.A.; Timofeev, G.A.

    1988-09-01

    The emission spectra of /sup 254/Es and /sup 250/Bk have been studied by the methods of semiconductor alpha, gamma, and x-ray spectrometry. The results of the determination of the intensities of the gamma rays of /sup 254/Es at 63, 85, 290, and 385 keV have been presented: 1.6 /plus minus/ 0.4, 0.16 /plus minus/ 0.7, 0.3 /plus minus/ 0.1, and 0.4 /plus minus/ 0.1%, respectively. The ratio of the intensities of the gamma rays of /sup 250/Bk at 988.96 keV and at 1028.58 and 1031.76 keV has been calculated and found to be equal to 1.113 /plus minus/ 0.0037. The intensities of the x-rays of /sup 250/Bk of the L/sub 3/, L/sub /alpha//, L/sub /beta//, and L/sub /gamma// series form a 6:87:100:21 ratio. The half periods have been determined: /sup 254/Es, 266 /plus minus/ 4 days; /sup 250/Bk, 186.2 /plus minus/ 1.1 min.

  12. Overview of the inactivation by 254 nm ultraviolet radiation of bacteria with particular relevance to biodefense.

    PubMed

    Coohill, Thomas P; Sagripanti, Jose-Luis

    2008-01-01

    Our goal was to ultimately predict the sensitivity of untested bacteria (including those of biodefense interest) to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. In this study, we present an overview and analysis of the relevant 254 nm data previously reported and available in the literature. The amount of variability in this data prevented us from determining an "average" response for any bacterium. Therefore, we developed particular selection criteria to include the data in our analysis and suggested future guidelines for reporting UV sensitivity results. We then compiled a table of the sensitivity to 254 nm UV for 38 bacteria and three bacterial spores. The UV sensitivity was quite similar (within 10%) among the spores of Bacillus anthracis (strains Vollum 1B and Sterne), Bacillus subtilis, and Bacillus megaterium. These data indicate that spores of B. subtilis and B. megaterium could be adequate simulants of B. anthracis spores in UVC experiments. Spores of B. anthracis, B. subtilis and B. megaterium were 5-10 times more resistant to UV than were their corresponding vegetative cells. The vegetative cells of B. anthracis showed similar UV sensitivity to those of Burkholderia pseudomallei, Shigella sonnei, and a wild-type strain of Escherichia coli. Yersinia enterocolitica and Vibrio cholerae appeared more sensitive to UV and Salmonella typhi slightly more resistant to UV than E. coli. The sensitivity (at 254 nm) of all vegetative bacteria ranged from 11 to 80 Jm(2) for a 1 Log(10) kill and from 25-200 Jm(2) for 4 Log(10) kill.

  13. CHARACTERIZING THE COOL KOIs. II. THE M DWARF KOI-254 AND ITS HOT JUPITER

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, John Asher; Muirhead, Philip S.; Crepp, Justin R.; Morton, Timothy D.; Gazak, J. Zachary; Apps, Kevin; Crossfield, Ian J. M.; Tabetha Boyajian; Von Braun, Kaspar; Rojas-Ayala, Barbara; Howard, Andrew W.; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Covey, Kevin R.; Schlawin, Everett; Lloyd, James P.; Hamren, Katherine

    2012-05-15

    We report the confirmation and characterization of a transiting gas giant planet orbiting the M dwarf KOI-254 every 2.455239 days, which was originally discovered by the Kepler mission. We use radial velocity measurements, adaptive optics imaging, and near-infrared spectroscopy to confirm the planetary nature of the transit events. KOI-254 b is the first hot Jupiter discovered around an M-type dwarf star. We also present a new model-independent method of using broadband photometry to estimate the mass and metallicity of an M dwarf without relying on a direct distance measurement. Included in this methodology is a new photometric metallicity calibration based on J - K colors. We use this technique to measure the physical properties of KOI-254 and its planet. We measure a planet mass of M{sub P} = 0.505 M{sub Jup}, radius R{sub P} = 0.96 R{sub Jup}, and semimajor axis a = 0.030 AU, based on our measured stellar mass M{sub *} = 0.59 M{sub Sun} and radius R{sub *} = 0.55 R{sub Sun }. We also find that the host star is metal-rich, which is consistent with the sample of M-type stars known to harbor giant planets.

  14. 25 CFR 1000.254 - May a Tribe/Consortium reallocate funds from a construction program to a non-construction program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... construction program to a non-construction program? 1000.254 Section 1000.254 Indians OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY, INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Construction § 1000.254 May...

  15. 30 CFR 254.22 - What information must I include in the “Introduction and plan contents” section?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.22 What...

  16. Decay and Fission Hindrance of Two- and Four-Quasiparticle K Isomers in 254Rf

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    David, H. M.; Chen, J.; Seweryniak, D.; Kondev, F. G.; Gates, J. M.; Gregorich, K. E.; Ahmad, I.; Albers, M.; Alcorta, M.; Back, B. B.; Baartman, B.; Bertone, P. F.; Bernstein, L. A.; Campbell, C. M.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Clark, R. M.; Cromaz, M.; Doherty, D. T.; Dracoulis, G. D.; Esker, N. E.; Fallon, P.; Gothe, O. R.; Greene, J. P.; Greenlees, P. T.; Hartley, D. J.; Hauschild, K.; Hoffman, C. R.; Hota, S. S.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Konki, J.; Kwarsick, J. T.; Lauritsen, T.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Mudder, P. R.; Nair, C.; Qiu, Y.; Rissanen, J.; Rogers, A. M.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Savard, G.; Stolze, S.; Wiens, A.; Zhu, S.

    2015-09-01

    Two isomers decaying by electromagnetic transitions with half-lives of 4.7(1.1) and 247 (73 ) μ s have been discovered in the heavy 254Rf nucleus. The observation of the shorter-lived isomer was made possible by a novel application of a digital data acquisition system. The isomers were interpreted as the Kπ=8- , ν2(7 /2+[624 ],9 /2-[734 ]) two-quasineutron and the Kπ=1 6+, 8-ν2(7 /2+[624 ],9 /2-[734 ])⊗8-π2(7 /2-[514 ],9 /2+[624 ]) four-quasiparticle configurations, respectively. Surprisingly, the lifetime of the two-quasiparticle isomer is more than 4 orders of magnitude shorter than what has been observed for analogous isomers in the lighter N =150 isotones. The four-quasiparticle isomer is longer lived than the 254Rf ground state that decays exclusively by spontaneous fission with a half-life of 23.2 (1.1 ) μ s . The absence of sizable fission branches from either of the isomers implies unprecedented fission hindrance relative to the ground state.

  17. Bacterial inactivation by solar ultraviolet radiation compared with sensitivity to 254 nm radiation.

    PubMed

    Coohill, Thomas P; Sagripanti, Jose-Luis

    2009-01-01

    Our goal was to derive a quantitative factor that would allow us to predict the solar sensitivity of vegetative bacterial cells to natural solar radiation from the wealth of data collected for cells exposed to UVC (254 nm) radiation. We constructed a solar effectiveness spectrum for inactivation of vegetative bacterial cells by combining the available action spectra for vegetative cell killing in the solar range with the natural sunlight spectrum that reaches the ground. We then analyzed previous studies reporting the effects of solar radiation on vegetative bacterial cells and on bacterial spores. Although UVC-sensitive cells were also more sensitive to solar radiation, we found no absolute numerical correlation between the relative solar sensitivity of vegetative cells and their sensitivity to 254 nm radiation. The sensitivity of bacterial spores to solar exposure during both summer and winter correlated closely to their UVC sensitivity. The estimates presented here should make it possible to reasonably predict the time it would take for natural solar UV to kill bacterial spores or with a lesser degree of accuracy, vegetative bacterial cells after dispersion from an infected host or after an accidental or intentional release.

  18. Melting experiments on Fe-Fe3S system to 254 GPa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mori, Yuko; Ozawa, Haruka; Hirose, Kei; Sinmyo, Ryosuke; Tateno, Shigehiko; Morard, Guillaume; Ohishi, Yasuo

    2017-04-01

    Melting experiments were performed on the Fe-Fe3S system at high pressures between 34 and 254 GPa in a laser-heated diamond-anvil cell (DAC), using starting materials of fine-grained homogeneous mixtures of Fe and FeS (<500 nm) prepared by induction melting and rapid quenching techniques. Melting phase relations including the liquid/solid partitioning of sulfur were examined on the basis of textural and chemical characterizations of recovered samples using a focused ion beam (FIB) and electron microprobes. The results demonstrate that the sulfur content in eutectic liquid decreases substantially with increasing pressure. The eutectic liquid Fe with 5.7 (± 0.3) wt.% S coexisted with both solid Fe3S and Fe containing 3.9 (± 0.4) wt.% S at 254 GPa and 3550 K. The eutectic liquid at inner core boundary (ICB) pressure includes less sulfur than is required to account for the density deficit of the outer core (≥10 wt.% S). Furthermore, the difference in sulfur concentration between coexisting liquid and solid is not sufficient to account for the observed density jump across the ICB. These indicate that sulfur cannot be a predominant light element in the core.

  19. Kinetics and mechanism investigation on the destruction of oxytetracycline by UV-254nm activation of persulfate.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yiqing; He, Xuexiang; Fu, Yongsheng; Dionysiou, Dionysios D

    2016-03-15

    Oxytetracycline (OTC), an important broad-spectrum antibiotic, has been detected extensively in various environmental systems, which may have a detrimental impact on ecosystem and human health through the development of drug resistant bacteria and pathogens. In this study, the degradation of OTC was evaluated by UV-254nm activated persulfate (PS). The observed UV fluence based pseudo first-order rate constant (kobs) was found to be the highest at near neutral pH conditions (pH 5.5-8.5). Presence of various natural water constituents had different effects on OTC degradation, with a significant enhancement in the presence of bicarbonate or Cu(2+). Limited elimination of total organic carbon (TOC) and PS was observed during the mineralization of OTC. Transformation byproducts in the presence and absence of hydroxyl radical scavenging agent tert-butanol (t-BuOH) were identified using ultra-high definition accurate-mass quadrupole time-of-flight liquid chromatography/mass spectrometer (LC-QTOF/MS). Potential OTC degradation mechanism was subsequently proposed revealing four different reaction pathways by SO4(-) reaction including hydroxylation (+16Da), demethylation (-14Da), decarbonylation (-28Da) and dehydration (-18Da). This study suggests that UV-254nm/PS is a promising treatment technology for the control of water pollution caused by emerging contaminants such as OTC.

  20. Substitution of Tyr254 with Phe at the active site of flavocytochrome b2: consequences on catalysis of lactate dehydrogenation

    SciTech Connect

    Dubois, J.; Chapman, S.K.; Mathews, F.S.; Reid, G.A.; Lederer, F. )

    1990-07-10

    A role for Tyr254 in L-lactate dehydrogenation catalyzed by flavocytochrome b2 has recently been proposed on the basis of the known active-site structure and of studies that had suggested a mechanism involving the initial formation of a lactate carbanion. This role is now examined after replacement of Tyr254 with phenylalanine. The kcat is decreased about 40-fold, Km for lactate appears unchanged, and the mainly rate-limiting step is still alpha-hydrogen abstraction, as judged from the steady-state deuterium isotope effect. Modeling studies with lactate introduced into the active site indicate two possible substrate conformations with different hydrogen-bonding partners for the substrate hydroxyl. If the hydrogen bond is formed with Tyr254, as was initially postulated, the mechanism must involve removal by His373 of the C2 hydrogen, with carbanion formation. If, in the absence of the Tyr254 phenol group, the hydrogen bond is formed with His373 N3, the substrate is positioned in such a way that the reaction must proceed by hydride transfer. Therefore the mechanism of the Y254F enzyme was investigated so as to distinguish between the two mechanistic possibilities. 2-Hydroxy-3-butynoate behaves with the mutant as a suicide reagent, as with the wild-type enzyme. Similarly, the mutant protein also catalyzes the reduction and the dehydrohalogenation of bromopyruvate under transhydrogenation conditions.

  1. Rotation Period Determination for 254 Augusta, 465 Alekto 477 Italia, 515 Athalia, and 1061 Paeonia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pilcher, Frederick

    2015-04-01

    Synodic rotation periods and amplitudes have been found for 254 Augusta 5.8949 ± 0.0001 hours, 0.75 to 0.58 magnitudes; 465 Alekto, 10.936 ± 0.001 hours, 0.14 ± 0.02 magnitudes with 3 maxima and minima per cycle; 477 Italia 19.413 ± 0.001 hours, 0.20 to 0.15 magnitudes with 3 very unequal maxima and minima per cycle; 515 Athalia 10.636 ± 0.001 hours, 0.21 ± 0.02 magnitudes; and 1061 Paeonia, 7.9971 ± 0.0001 hours, 1.00 ± 0.05 magnitudes.

  2. Alimentation impact of treatments of 254 oropharyngeal cancers (1998-2003).

    PubMed

    Buiret, Guillaume; Daveau, Clémentine; Landry, Guillaume; Colin, Carole; Pignat, Jean-Christian; Poupart, Marc

    2011-01-01

    Objective. To analyze the functional impact of the various possible treatments of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas to find the main prognostic factors of dysphagia induced by these treatments. Patients. Clinical data from 254 patients treated for squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx between 1998 and 2003 were retrospectively analyzed. A multivariate model enabled us to evaluate the role of each potentially harmful factor on swallowing. Main Outcome Measures. The significant factors influencing the consumption of liquid, pasty, and normal food were the same: the initial T stage and the type of treatment. Conclusion. Whatever the possible and selected treatment was, the impact on the functional capacities, and thus, the quality of life of the patients was considerable. Even though we could not significantly demonstrate exclusive radiotherapy caused more long-term undesirable effects than surgery followed by radiotherapy, our daily practice has shown that we should favour the latter.

  3. Spitzer Observations of the Massive Star-forming Complex S254-S258: Structure and Evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chavarría, Luis A.; Allen, Lori E.; Hora, Joseph L.; Brunt, Christopher M.; Fazio, Giovanni G.

    2008-07-01

    We present Spitzer IRAC, NOAO 2.1 m Flamingos, Keck NIRC, and FCRAO SEQUOIA observations of the massive star-forming complex S254-S258, covering an area of 25' × 20'. Using a combination of the IRAC and NIR data, we identify and classify the young stellar objects (YSOs) in the complex. We detect 510 sources with near- or mid-IR excess, and we classify 87 Class I and 165 Class II sources. The YSOs are found in clusters surrounded by isolated YSOs in a low-density distributed population. The ratio of clustered to total YSOs is 0.8. We identify six new clusters in the complex. One of them, G192.63-00, is located around the ionizing star of the H II region S255. We hypothesize that the ionizing star of S255 was formed in this cluster. We also detect a southern component of the cluster in H II region S256. The cluster G192.54-0.15, located inside H II region S254 has a VLSR of 17 km s-1 with respect to the main cloud, and we conclude that it is located in the background of the complex. The structure of the molecular cloud is examined using 12CO and 13CO , as well as a near-IR extinction map. The main body of the molecular cloud has VLSR between 5 and 9 km s-1. The arc-shaped structure of the molecular cloud following the border of the H II regions and the high column density in the border of the H II regions support the idea that the material has been swept up by the expansion of the H II regions.

  4. Photodegradation of sulphamethoxazole under UV-light irradiation at 254 nm.

    PubMed

    Mouamfon, Mamadou Valéry Ngouyap; Li, Wenzhen; Lu, Shuguang; Qiu, Zhaofu; Chen, Nuo; Lin, Kuangfei

    2010-04-14

    The photolysis of the antibiotic sulphamethoxazole (SMX) using a low pressure ultraviolet (UV) lamp with emission of monochromatic wavelength at 254 nm was evaluated in Milli-Q water and the effluent from a real sewage treatment plant (STP). The effects of various parameters including initial SMX concentration, solution pH, a variety of inorganic anions (Cl(-1), SO4(2-), NO3- and HCO3-) and humic acid (HA) have been assessed. The results showed that 10 mg L(-1) of SMX was removed within 30 min of irradiation in Milli-Q water. The removal of SMX fitted the pseudo-first-order kinetic model with the rate constants in the range of 0.170 to 0.932 min(-1) for initial SMX concentrations of 1.0 to 10 mg L(-1). Solution pHs of 2.0-5.5 were more favourable for SMX degradation, compared with caustic conditions. On the other hand, slight improvements in SMX degradation in water matrixes with Cl-, SO4(2-) and NO3- anions at 1.0 mM concentration and HA (when used at 5 mg L(-1)) were observed. However, HCO3-(used at 1.0 mM) and HA (when used at concentrations of 20, 50 and 100 mg L(-1)) slowed down the degradation rate. The complete degradation of SMX was almost achieved in STP effluent spiked with 10 mg L(-1) of SMX after 60 min of irradiation, and the rate constants showed that the turbidity in STP effluent had no significant adverse effect on SMX removal. Total organic carbon was hardly changed even after 8 h of irradiation, showing negligible mineralization of its intermediates under UV254 irradiation.

  5. 30 CFR 254.26 - What information must I include in the “Worst case discharge scenario” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.26... the facility that oil could move in a time period that it reasonably could be expected to persist...

  6. 30 CFR 254.28 - What information must I include in the “In situ burning plan” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.28 What information must I... for ignition of an oil spill; (c) A discussion of environmental effects of an in situ burn; (d)...

  7. 30 CFR 254.27 - What information must I include in the “Dispersant use plan” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.27 What... location of the dispersants and other chemical or biological products which you might use on the...

  8. 30 CFR 254.28 - What information must I include in the “In situ burning plan” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.28 What..., including provisions for ignition of an oil spill; (c) A discussion of environmental effects of an in...

  9. 30 CFR 254.27 - What information must I include in the “Dispersant use plan” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.27 What information... of the dispersants and other chemical or biological products which you might use on the oils...

  10. 30 CFR 254.24 - What information must I include in the “Equipment inventory” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.24 What information...: (a) An inventory of spill-response materials and supplies, services, equipment, and response...

  11. 30 CFR 254.23 - What information must I include in the “Emergency response action plan” section?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.23...: (1) Your procedures for spill notification. The plan must provide for the use of the oil...

  12. 30 CFR 254.26 - What information must I include in the “Worst case discharge scenario” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.26... the facility that oil could move in a time period that it reasonably could be expected to persist...

  13. 30 CFR 254.27 - What information must I include in the “Dispersant use plan” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.27 What... location of the dispersants and other chemical or biological products which you might use on the...

  14. 30 CFR 254.24 - What information must I include in the “Equipment inventory” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.24 What... include: (a) An inventory of spill-response materials and supplies, services, equipment, and...

  15. 30 CFR 254.25 - What information must I include in the “Contractual agreements” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.25 What... must furnish proof of any contracts or membership agreements with OSRO's, cooperatives,...

  16. 30 CFR 254.28 - What information must I include in the “In situ burning plan” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.28 What..., including provisions for ignition of an oil spill; (c) A discussion of environmental effects of an in...

  17. 30 CFR 254.25 - What information must I include in the “Contractual agreements” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.25 What... must furnish proof of any contracts or membership agreements with OSRO's, cooperatives,...

  18. 30 CFR 254.24 - What information must I include in the “Equipment inventory” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.24 What... include: (a) An inventory of spill-response materials and supplies, services, equipment, and...

  19. 30 CFR 254.29 - What information must I include in the “Training and drills” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.29 What...) Identify and include the dates of the training provided to members of the spill-response management...

  20. 30 CFR 254.24 - What information must I include in the “Equipment inventory” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.24 What... include: (a) An inventory of spill-response materials and supplies, services, equipment, and...

  1. 30 CFR 254.29 - What information must I include in the “Training and drills” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.29 What...) Identify and include the dates of the training provided to members of the spill-response management...

  2. 30 CFR 254.25 - What information must I include in the “Contractual agreements” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.25 What... must furnish proof of any contracts or membership agreements with OSRO's, cooperatives,...

  3. 30 CFR 254.25 - What information must I include in the “Contractual agreements” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.25 What information... furnish proof of any contracts or membership agreements with OSRO's, cooperatives, spill-response...

  4. 30 CFR 254.29 - What information must I include in the “Training and drills” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.29 What information...) Identify and include the dates of the training provided to members of the spill-response management...

  5. 30 CFR 254.27 - What information must I include in the “Dispersant use plan” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.27 What... location of the dispersants and other chemical or biological products which you might use on the...

  6. 30 CFR 254.23 - What information must I include in the “Emergency response action plan” section?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.23...: (1) Your procedures for spill notification. The plan must provide for the use of the oil...

  7. 30 CFR 254.26 - What information must I include in the “Worst case discharge scenario” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.26 What information... that oil could move in a time period that it reasonably could be expected to persist in the...

  8. 30 CFR 254.28 - What information must I include in the “In situ burning plan” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.28 What..., including provisions for ignition of an oil spill; (c) A discussion of environmental effects of an in...

  9. 30 CFR 254.29 - What information must I include in the “Training and drills” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.29 What...) Identify and include the dates of the training provided to members of the spill-response management...

  10. 30 CFR 254.23 - What information must I include in the “Emergency response action plan” section?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.23...: (1) Your procedures for spill notification. The plan must provide for the use of the oil...

  11. 30 CFR 254.26 - What information must I include in the “Worst case discharge scenario” appendix?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.26... the facility that oil could move in a time period that it reasonably could be expected to persist...

  12. 30 CFR 254.23 - What information must I include in the “Emergency response action plan” section?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES LOCATED SEAWARD OF THE COAST LINE Oil-Spill Response Plans for Outer Continental Shelf Facilities § 254.23 What information... for spill notification. The plan must provide for the use of the oil spill reporting forms included...

  13. 40 CFR 60.254 - Standards for coal processing and conveying equipment, coal storage systems, transfer and loading...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standards for coal processing and conveying equipment, coal storage systems, transfer and loading systems, and open storage piles. 60.254... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Coal...

  14. 24 CFR 213.254 - Premiums where first principal payment more than one year after initial endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES COOPERATIVE HOUSING MORTGAGE INSURANCE Contract Rights and Obligations-Projects § 213.254 Premiums where first principal payment more... mortgage was paid in full. (b) Purchasing cooperatives. The provisions of paragraph (a) of this section...

  15. 75 FR 21299 - Determination of Regulatory Review Period for Purposes of Patent Extension; VIMPAT-NDA 22-254

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Determination of Regulatory Review Period for Purposes of Patent Extension; VIMPAT--NDA 22-254 AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice....

  16. Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 254: Area 25 R-MAD Decontamination Facility Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect

    C. M. Obi

    2000-12-01

    The Area 25 Reactor Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Decontamination Facility is identified in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) as Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 254. CAU 254 is located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site and consists of a single Corrective Action Site CAS 25-23-06. CAU 254 will be closed, in accordance with the FFACO of 1996. CAU 254 was used primarily to perform radiological decontamination and consists of Building 3126, two outdoor decontamination pads, and surrounding soil within an existing perimeter fence. The site was used to decontaminate nuclear rocket test-car hardware and tooling from the early 1960s through the early 1970s, and to decontaminate a military tank in the early 1980s. The site characterization results indicate that, in places, the surficial soil and building materials exceed clean-up criteria for organic compounds, metals, and radionuclides. Closure activities are expected to generate waste streams consisting of nonhazardous construction waste. petroleum hydrocarbon waste, hazardous waste, low-level radioactive waste, and mixed waste. Some of the wastes exceed land disposal restriction limits and will require off-site treatment before disposal. The recommended corrective action was revised to Alternative 3- ''Unrestricted Release Decontamination, Verification Survey, and Dismantle Building 3126,'' in an addendum to the Correction Action Decision Document.

  17. A continuous wave 10 W cryogenic fiber amplifier at 1015 nm and frequency quadrupling to 254 nm.

    PubMed

    Steinborn, R; Koglbauer, A; Bachor, P; Diehl, T; Kolbe, D; Stappel, M; Walz, J

    2013-09-23

    A stable, continuous wave, single frequency fiber amplifier system at 1015 nm with 10 W output power is presented. It is based on a large mode double clad fiber cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature. The amplified light is frequency quadrupled to 254 nm and used for spectroscopy of the 6¹S → 6³P transition in mercury.

  18. Characterization of long-lived isomers in the odd-odd heavy actinide 254Md

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sood, P. C.; Gowrishankar, R.

    2017-02-01

    Bandhead energies of all the physically admissible low-lying two-quasiparticle configuration states in the doubly-odd heavy actinide Md 153 101 254 are evaluated using the well-tested two-quasiparticle rotor model with explicit inclusion of the residual proton-neutron interaction. A critical examination of these results, aimed at characterization of the long-lived (t1 /2=10 min and 28 min; %ɛ ≤100 ) isomer pair, conclusively rules out a high-spin (J ≥5 ) assignment for either of the isomers. Our analysis leads to JπK =1-0 {p :1 /2-[521 ] ⊗n :1 /2+) [620 ] } and 3-3 {p :7 /2-[514 ] ⊗n :1 /2+[620 ] } assignments, respectively, to these isomers and designates the 10-min isomer as its ground state. Our study reveals a "landmark" position for 254Md in the decay path of super heavy elements. The as-yet unobserved electron capture decay branches from each of the two 254Md isomers to 254Fm levels are specified.

  19. Angular distribution of {alpha} particles from oriented {sup 253,254}Es and {sup 255}Fm nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Severijns, N.; Golovko, V.V.; Kraev, I.S.; Phalet, T.; Belyaev, A.A.; Lukhanin, A.A.; Noga, V.I.; Erzinkyan, A.L.; Parfenova, V.P.; Eversheim, P.-D.; Herzog, P.; Tramm, C.; Filimonov, V.T.; Toporov, Yu.G.; Zotov, E.; Gurevich, G.M.; Rusakov, A.V.; Vyachin, V.N.; Zakoucky, D.

    2005-04-01

    The anisotropy in the angular distribution of {alpha} particles from oriented {sup 253,254}Es and {sup 255}Fm nuclei, which are among the strongest deformed {alpha} emitters, was measured. Large {alpha} anisotropies have been observed for all three nuclei. The results are compared with calculations based on {alpha}-particle tunneling through a deformed Coulomb barrier.

  20. 40 CFR 60.254 - Standards for coal processing and conveying equipment, coal storage systems, transfer and loading...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards for coal processing and conveying equipment, coal storage systems, transfer and loading systems, and open storage piles. 60.254... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Coal...

  1. Decomposition of Iodinated Pharmaceuticals by UV-254 nm-assisted Advanced Oxidation Processes.

    PubMed

    Duan, Xiaodi; He, Xuexiang; Wang, Dong; Mezyk, Stephen P; Otto, Shauna C; Marfil-Vega, Ruth; Mills, Marc A; Dionysiou, Dionysios D

    2017-02-05

    Iodinated pharmaceuticals, thyroxine (a thyroid hormone) and diatrizoate (an iodinated X-ray contrast medium), are among the most prescribed active pharmaceutical ingredients. Both of them have been reported to potentially disrupt thyroid homeostasis even at very low concentrations. In this study, UV-254 nm-based photolysis and photochemical processes, i.e., UV only, UV/H2O2, and UV/S2O8(2-), were evaluated for the destruction of these two pharmaceuticals. Approximately 40% of 0.5μM thyroxine or diatrizoate was degraded through direct photolysis at UV fluence of 160mJcm(-2), probably resulting from the photosensitive cleavage of C-I bonds. While the addition of H2O2 only accelerated the degradation efficiency to a low degree, the destruction rates of both chemicals were significantly enhanced in the UV/S2O8(2-) system, suggesting the potential vulnerability of the iodinated chemicals toward UV/S2O8(2-) treatment. Such efficient destruction also occurred in the presence of radical scavengers when biologically treated wastewater samples were used as reaction matrices. The effects of initial oxidant concentrations, solution pH, as well as the presence of natural organic matter (humic acid or fulvic acid) and alkalinity were also investigated in this study. These results provide insights for the removal of iodinated pharmaceuticals in water and/or wastewater using UV-based photochemical processes.

  2. A CO and far-infrared study of the S254-S258 region

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heyer, Mark H.; Snell, Ronald L.; Morgan, James; Schloerb, F. Peter

    1989-01-01

    The molecular cloud associated with compact radio and bright optical H II regions is studied from observations of (C-12)O, (C-13)O, HCN J = 1-0 emission. The far-infrared and millimeter molecular line emission from the S254-S258 molecular cloud is analyzed, using co-added survey data from IRAS, to investigate the coupling between the dust and gas components and the internal energetics associated with molecular clouds. The dust component is analyzed by fitting model intensities, derived from a dust mass column density temperature relation, to the observed far-infrared emission. Such modeling is shown to provide a more complete description of the cold dust component which comprises most of the dust mass than can be determined from the standard single temperature analysis. Local heating of the dust component by newborn massive stars associated with the H II regions of the cloud is inferred from the spatial distribution of temperatures of grains which make the largest contributions to the observed 60 and 100 micron emission.

  3. A Prospective Study on Time to Recovery in 254 Injured Novice Runners

    PubMed Central

    Nielsen, Rasmus Oestergaard; Rønnow, Lotte; Rasmussen, Sten; Lind, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Describe the diagnoses and the time to recovery of running-related injuries in novice runners. Design Prospective cohort study on injured runners. Method This paper is a secondary data analysis of a 933-person cohort study (DANO-RUN) aimed at characterizing risk factors for injury in novice runners. Among those sustaining running-related injuries, the types of injuries and time to recovery is described in the present paper. All injured runners were diagnosed after a thorough clinical examination and then followed prospectively during their recovery. If they recovered completely from injury, time to recovery of each injury was registered. Results A total of 254 runners were injured. The proportion of runners diagnosed with medial tibial stress syndrome was 15%, 10% for patellofemoral pain, 9% for medial meniscal injury, 7% for Achilles tendinopathy and 5% for plantar fasciitis. Among the 220 runners (87%) recovering from their injury, the median time to recovery was 71 days (minimum  = 9 days, maximum  = 617 days). Conclusions Medial tibial stress syndrome was the most common injury followed by patellofemoral pain, medial meniscal injury and Achilles tendinopathy. Half of the injured runners were unable to run 2×500 meters without pain after 10 weeks. Almost 5% of the injured runners received surgical treatment. PMID:24923269

  4. 25 CFR 900.254 - May the contractor be reimbursed for actual and reasonable “wind up costs” incurred after the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May the contractor be reimbursed for actual and reasonable âwind up costsâ incurred after the effective date of rescission? 900.254 Section 900.254 Indians... up costs” incurred after the effective date of rescission? Yes....

  5. UV254 absorbance as real-time monitoring and control parameter for micropollutant removal in advanced wastewater treatment with powdered activated carbon.

    PubMed

    Altmann, Johannes; Massa, Lukas; Sperlich, Alexander; Gnirss, Regina; Jekel, Martin

    2016-05-01

    This study investigates the applicability of UV absorbance measurements at 254 nm (UVA254) to serve as a simple and reliable surrogate parameter to monitor and control the removal of organic micropollutants (OMPs) in advanced wastewater treatment applying powdered activated carbon (PAC). Correlations between OMP removal and corresponding UVA254 reduction were determined in lab-scale adsorption batch tests and successfully applied to a pilot-scale PAC treatment stage to predict OMP removals in aggregate samples with good accuracy. Real-time UVA254 measurements were utilized to evaluate adapted PAC dosing strategies and proved to be effective for online monitoring of OMP removal. Furthermore, active PAC dosing control according to differential UVA254 measurements was implemented and tested. While precise removal predictions based on real-time measurements were not accurate for all OMPs, UVA254-controlled dynamic PAC dosing was capable of achieving stable OMP removals. UVA254 can serve as an effective surrogate parameter for OMP removal in technical PAC applications. Even though the applicability as control parameter to adjust PAC dosing to water quality changes might be limited to applications with fast response between PAC adjustment and adsorptive removal (e.g. direct filtration), UVA254 measurements can also be used to monitor the adsorption efficiency in more complex PAC applications.

  6. An analysis of the AM Her-type variables CW 1103+254 and E 1405-451

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wickramasinghe, D. T.; Meggitt, S. M. A.

    1985-10-01

    The authors present an analysis of flux and circular polarization observations of CW 1103+254 and E 1405-451 extending from the visual to the near-infrared spectral regions. The electron temperature of the emission region which gives rise to the polarized radiation in CW 1103+254 is estimated to be in the range 15 - 30 keV linking it closely with the accretion shock. Strong arguments are presented which indicate that the geometry of the polarized emission region in E 1405-451 is more likely to be penny shaped rather than pill box shaped. The ratio of height to diameter of the emission region is estimated to be of the order of 0.1.

  7. Inactivation and tailing during UV254 disinfection of viruses: contributions of viral aggregation, light shielding within viral aggregates, and recombination.

    PubMed

    Mattle, Michael J; Kohn, Tamar

    2012-09-18

    UV disinfection of viruses frequently leads to tailing after an initial exponential decay. Aggregation, light shielding, recombination, or resistant virus subpopulations have been proposed as explanations; however, none of these options has been conclusively demonstrated. This study investigates how aggregation affects virus inactivation by UV(254) in general, and the tailing phenomenon in particular. Bacteriophage MS2 was aggregated by lowering the solution pH before UV(254) disinfection. Aggregates were redispersed prior to enumeration to obtain the remaining fraction of individual infectious viruses. Results showed that initial inactivation kinetics were similar for viruses incorporated in aggregates (up to 1000 nm in radius) and dispersed viruses; however, aggregated viruses started to tail more readily than dispersed ones. Neither light shielding, nor the presence of resistant subpopulations could account for the tailing. Instead, tailing was consistent with recombination arising from the simultaneous infection of the host by several impaired viruses. We argue that UV(254) treatment of aggregates permanently fused a fraction of viruses, which increased the likelihood of multiple infection of a host cell and ultimately enabled the production of infective viruses via recombination.

  8. Comparative mutagenesis and interaction between near-ultraviolet (313- to 405-nm) and far-ultraviolet (254-nm) radiation in Escherichia coli strains with differing repair capabilities.

    PubMed Central

    Turner, M A; Webb, R B

    1981-01-01

    Comparative mutagenesis and possible synergistic interaction between broad-spectrum (313- to 405-nm) near-ultraviolet (black light bulb [BLB]) radiation and 254-nm radiation were studied in Escherichia coli strains WP2 (wild type), WP2s (uvrA), WP10 (recA), WP6 (polA), WP6s (polA uvrA), WP100 (uvrA recA), and WP5 (lexA). With BLB radiation, strains WP2s and WP6s demonstrated a high level of mutagenesis, whereas strains WP2, WP5, WP6, WP10, and WP100 did not demonstrate significant mutagenesis. In contrast, 254-nm radiation was mutagenic in strains WP2, WP2s, WP6, and WP6s, but strains WP5, WP10, and WP100 were not significantly mutated. The absence of mutagenesis by BLB radiation in lexA and recA strains WP10, WP5, and WP100 suggests that lex+ rec+ repair may play a major role in mutagenesis by both BLB and 254-nm radiation. The hypothesis that BLB radiation selectively inhibits rec+ lex+ repair was tested by sequential BLB-254-nm radiation. With strain WP2, a fluence of 30 J/m2 at 254 nm induced trp+ revertants at a frequency of 15 X 10(-6). However, when 10(5) J/m2 or more of BLB radiation preceded the 254-nm exposure, no trp+ revertants could be detected. A similar inhibition of 254-nm mutagenesis was observed with strain WP6 (polA). However, strains WP2s (uvrA) and wP6s (polA uvrA) showed enhanced 254-nm mutagenesis when a prior exposure to BLB radiation was given. PMID:7021529

  9. 48 CFR 15.403-4 - Requiring certified cost or pricing data (10 U.S.C. 2306a and 41 U.S.C. 254b).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... or pricing data (10 U.S.C. 2306a and 41 U.S.C. 254b). 15.403-4 Section 15.403-4 Federal Acquisition... NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 15.403-4 Requiring certified cost or pricing data (10 U.S.C. 2306a and 41 U.S.C. 254b). (a)(1) The contracting officer shall obtain certified cost or pricing data only if...

  10. 48 CFR 15.403-4 - Requiring certified cost or pricing data (10 U.S.C. 2306a and 41 U.S.C. 254b).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... or pricing data (10 U.S.C. 2306a and 41 U.S.C. 254b). 15.403-4 Section 15.403-4 Federal Acquisition... NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 15.403-4 Requiring certified cost or pricing data (10 U.S.C. 2306a and 41 U.S.C. 254b). (a)(1) The contracting officer shall obtain certified cost or pricing data only if...

  11. Measurements of absolute absorption cross sections of ozone in the 185- to 254-nm wavelength region and the temperature dependence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yoshino, K.; Esmond, J. R.; Freeman, D. E.; Parkinson, W. H.

    1993-01-01

    Laboratory measurements of the relative absorption cross sections of ozone at temperatures 195, 228, and 295 K have been made throughout the 185 to 254 nm wavelength region. The absolute absorption cross sections at the same temperatures have been measured at several discrete wavelengths in the 185 to 250 nm region. The absolute cross sections of ozone have been used to put the relative cross sections on a firm absolute basis throughout the 185 to 255 nm region. These recalibrated cross sections are slightly lower than those of Molina and Molina (1986), but the differences are within a few percent and would not be significant in atmospheric applications.

  12. Photoinitiated oxidation of geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol by irradiation with 254 nm and 185 nm UV light.

    PubMed

    Kutschera, Kristin; Börnick, Hilmar; Worch, Eckhard

    2009-05-01

    The degradation of geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB) by UV irradiation at different wavelengths was investigated under varying boundary conditions. The results showed that conventional UV radiation (254 nm) is ineffective in removing these compounds from water. In contrast to the usual UV radiation UV/VUV radiation (254+185 nm) was more effective in the removal of the taste and odour compounds. The degradation could be described by a simple pseudo first-order rate law with rate constants of about 1.2 x 10(-3) m(2)J(-1) for geosmin and 2-MIB in ultrapure water. In natural water used for drinking water abstraction the rate constants decreased to 2.7 x 10(-4) m(2)J(-1) for geosmin and 2.5 x 10(-4) m(2)J(-1) for 2-MIB due to the presence of NOM. Additionally, the formation of the by-product nitrite was studied. In the UV/VUV irradiation process up to 0.6 mg L(-1) nitrite was formed during the complete photoinitiated oxidation of the odour compounds. However, the addition of low ozone doses could prevent the formation of nitrite in the UV/VUV irradiation experiments.

  13. Ozonation and UV254nm radiation for the removal of microorganisms and antibiotic resistance genes from urban wastewater.

    PubMed

    Sousa, José M; Macedo, Gonçalo; Pedrosa, Marta; Becerra-Castro, Cristina; Castro-Silva, Sérgio; Pereira, M Fernando R; Silva, Adrián M T; Nunes, Olga C; Manaia, Célia M

    2017-02-05

    Conventional wastewater treatment has a limited capacity to reduce antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes (ARB&ARG). Tertiary treatment processes are promising solutions, although the transitory inactivation of bacteria may select ARB&ARG. This study aimed at assessing the potential of ozonation and UV254nm radiation to inactivate cultivable fungal and bacterial populations, and the selected genes 16S rRNA (common to all bacteria), intI1 (common in Gram-negative bacteria) and the ARG vanA, blaTEM, sul1 and qnrS. The abundance of the different microbiological parameters per volume of wastewater was reduced by ∼2 log units for cultivable fungi and 16S rRNA and intI1 genes, by∼3-4 log units, for total heterotrophs, enterobacteria and enterococci, and to values close or below the limits of quantification for ARG, for both processes, after a contact time of 30min. Yet, most of the cultivable populations, the 16S rRNA and intI1 genes as well as the ARG, except qnrS after ozonation, reached pre-treatment levels after 3days storage, suggesting a transitory rather than permanent microbial inactivation. Noticeably, normalization per 16S rRNA gene evidenced an increase of the ARG and intI1 prevalence, mainly after UV254nm treatment. The results suggest that these tertiary treatments may be selecting for ARB&ARG populations.

  14. Cross section limits for the Cm248(Mg25,4n-5n)Hs268,269 reactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dvorak, J.; Brüchle, W.; Düllmann, Ch. E.; Dvorakova, Z.; Eberhardt, K.; Eichler, R.; Jäger, E.; Nagame, Y.; Qin, Z.; Schädel, M.; Schausten, B.; Schimpf, E.; Schuber, R.; Semchenkov, A.; Thörle, P.; Türler, A.; Wegrzecki, M.; Yakushev, A.

    2009-03-01

    We report on an attempt to produce and detect Hs268 and Hs269 in the nuclear fusion reaction Mg25+Cm248 using the gas phase chemistry apparatus COMPACT. No decay chains attributable to the decay of hassium isotopes were observed during the course of this experiment. From the nonobservation of Hs269 we derive a cross section limit of 0.4 pb (63% confidence limit) for the reaction Cm248(Mg25,4n)Hs269 at a center-of-target beam energy of 140 MeV. The evaluated cross section limit for the Cm248(Mg25,5n)Hs268 reaction depends on the assumed half-life of unknown Hs268. Current systematics of the half-lives for even-even Hs isotopes suggests a value of 0.5 s, resulting in a cross section limit of 1.3 pb.

  15. Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 254: Area 25, R-MAD Decontamination Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect

    G. N. Doyle

    2002-02-01

    Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 254 is located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS), approximately 100 kilometers (km) (62 miles) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The site is located within the Reactor Maintenance, Assembly and Disassembly (R-MAD) compound and consists of Building 3126, two outdoor decontamination pads, and surrounding areas within an existing fenced area measuring approximately 50 x 37 meters (160 x 120 feet). The site was used from the early 1960s to the early 1970s as part of the Nuclear Rocket Development Station program to decontaminate test-car hardware and tooling. The site was reactivated in the early 1980s to decontaminate a radiologically contaminated military tank. This Closure Report (CR) describes the closure activities performed to allow un-restricted release of the R-MAD Decontamination Facility.

  16. Pharmacokinetic correlation between experimental and clinical effects on human non-small cell lung cancers of cis-diammineglycolatoplatinum (254-S) and cis-diamminedichloroplatinum.

    PubMed

    Koenuma, M; Kasai, H; Uchida, N; Wada, T; Hattori, M; Oguma, T; Totani, T; Inaba, M

    1995-01-01

    We attempted to correlate the in vitro and in vivo antitumor activities of cis-diammineglycolatoplatinum (254-S), a novel platinum complex, and cis-diamminedichloro-platinum (CDDP) against the established culture cell lines and xenografts of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with their clinical effects, based on the previous finding that the cytotoxicity of CDDP depends on the area under the curve (AUC). The concentration of 254-S and CDDP inhibiting the in vitro growth of 4 cultured NSCLC lines by 50% (IC50) was 0.82-7.8 and 0.53-4.2 micrograms/ml, respectively, showing a similar level. Of the 4 cell lines, only the most sensitive line, RERF-LC-AI, showed an IC50 close to a specific concentration (0.50 for 254-S and 0.32 micrograms/ml for CDDP) that reproduces in vitro the clinical AUCfree (24.8 and 5.34 micrograms-hr/ml) of the respective drugs. We treated 6 lines of human NSCLC xenografts implanted in nude mice with 254-S and CDDP at a particular dose (13.2 and 3.7 mg/kg) that is equivalent to the clinical doses with respect to the plasma AUCfree. 254-S and CDDP exhibited significant antitumor effects on 2 and 1 of the 6 lines, respectively. These in vitro and in vivo findings were considered to be relatively well correlated with the reported clinical response rates of 15-19% for 254-S and 14-15% for CDDP.

  17. Reduction of dissolved organic matter in terms of DOC, UV-254, SUVA and THMFP in industrial estate wastewater treated by stabilization ponds.

    PubMed

    Musikavong, Charongpun; Wattanachira, Suraphong

    2007-11-01

    The aim of this research was to monitor the influent and effluent water quality of the aeration, facultative and oxidation water treatment ponds of an industrial estate. This industrial estate, the largest in northern Thailand, has proposed to utilization of reclaimed treated wastewater in their raw water supply so as to cope with the yearly water shortage during the dry season. Water samples were collected four times from four sampling points and evaluated for their dissolved organic matter (DOM) content in terms of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), ultraviolet light absorbance at 254 nm (UV-254), specific ultraviolet absorption (SUVA), trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) and trihalomethane (THM) species. Average values of DOC, UV-254, SUVA and THMFP in the influent wastewater of 12.9 mg L(-1), 0.165 cm(-1), 1.29 L mg(-1) m(-1) and 1.24 mg L(-1), respectively, were observed. The aeration ponds produced the best results: a 54% reduction of DOC, a 33% reduction of UV-254, and a 57% reduction of THMFP. However, SUVA in the aeration pond effluent showed a moderate increase. The facultative ponds and oxidation ponds did not take part in the reduction of DOC, UV-254, SUVA and THMFP. Average DOC, UV-254, SUVA and THMFP value of the treated wastewater were 5.8 mg L(-1), 0.107 cm(-1), 1.85 L mg(-1) m(-1) and 468 microg L(-1), respectively. Chloroform, at 72.6% of total THMFP, was found to be the predominant THM species.

  18. Method 415.3, Rev. 1.2: Determination of Total Organic Carbon and Specific UV Absorbance at 254 nm in Source Water and Drinking Water

    EPA Science Inventory

    This method provides procedures for the determination of total organic carbon (TOC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and UV absorption at 254 nm (UVA) in source waters and drinking waters. The DOC and UVA determinations are used in the calculation of the Specific UV Absorbance (S...

  19. Critical Rural Considerations Regarding Joint Board Recommendations to the FCC Concerning Section 254 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, P97-4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Rural Policy Research Inst.

    The Rural Policy Research Institute's Rural Telecommunications Task Force assessed the rural impacts and unintended or adverse rural consequences of the Federal-State Joint Board's recommendations to the FCC regarding Section 254 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. Ten critical rural components of the Joint Board recommendations are listed: (1)…

  20. Destruction of cyanobacterial toxin cylindrospermopsin by hydroxyl radicals and sulfate radicals using UV-254 nm activation of hydrogen peroxide, persulfate and peroxymonosulfate

    EPA Science Inventory

    Abstract: With increasing worldwide incidence of toxic cyanobacterial blooms in bodies of water, cylindrospermopsin (CYN) has become a significant concern to public health and water management officials. In this study, the removal of CYN by UV-254 nm-mediated advanced oxidation ...

  1. Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 254: Area 25 R-MAD Decontamination Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect

    U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office

    2000-06-01

    This Corrective Action Decision Document identifies and rationalizes the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office's selection of a recommended corrective action alternative (CAA) appropriate to facilitate the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 254, R-MAD Decontamination Facility, under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Located in Area 25 at the Nevada Test Site in Nevada, CAU 254 is comprised of Corrective Action Site (CAS) 25-23-06, Decontamination Facility. A corrective action investigation for this CAS as conducted in January 2000 as set forth in the related Corrective Action Investigation Plan. Samples were collected from various media throughout the CAS and sent to an off-site laboratory for analysis. The laboratory results indicated the following: radiation dose rates inside the Decontamination Facility, Building 3126, and in the storage yard exceeded the average general dose rate; scanning and static total surface contamination surveys indicated that portions of the locker and shower room floor, decontamination bay floor, loft floor, east and west decon pads, north and south decontamination bay interior walls, exterior west and south walls, and loft walls were above preliminary action levels (PALs). The investigation-derived contaminants of concern (COCs) included: polychlorinated biphenyls, radionuclides (strontium-90, niobium-94, cesium-137, uranium-234 and -235), total volatile and semivolatile organic compounds, total petroleum hydrocarbons, and total Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (Metals). During the investigation, two corrective action objectives (CAOs) were identified to prevent or mitigate human exposure to COCs. Based on these CAOs, a review of existing data, future use, and current operations at the Nevada Test Site, three CAAs were developed for consideration: Alternative 1 - No Further Action; Alternative 2 - Unrestricted Release Decontamination and Verification Survey; and Alternative 3 - Unrestricted

  2. An evaluation of ultraviolet light (UV254) as a means to inactivate porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus on common farm surfaces and materials.

    PubMed

    Dee, Scott; Otake, Satoshi; Deen, John

    2011-05-12

    A study was conducted to assess the effect of UV(254) on the concentration and viability of PRRSV on surfaces and materials commonly encountered on swine farms. A standard quantity (5 × 10(6)TCID(50), total dose) of a PRRSV modified live vaccine virus was inoculated onto 2 matched sets of surfaces/materials including wood, plastic, latex, rubber, styrofoam, metal, leather, cloth, concrete, cardboard, glass and paper. One set was exposed to UV(254) radiation (treatments) and the other to incandescent light (controls) for a 24h period. During this time, treatments and controls were swabbed at 10 min intervals from 0 to 60 min post-inoculation (PI) and again at 24h PI. The quantity of PRRSV RNA on each item at each sampling time was calculated by RT-PCR and the presence of viable PRRSV in each sample was determined by swine bioassay. A significant reduction (p<0.0001) in the quantity of PRRSV RNA was demonstrated at 24h PI independent of treatment. In addition, a significant reduction (p=0.012) in the number of UV(254)-treated surfaces which harbored viable virus was observed at 60 min (0/12 positive) when compared to control surfaces (5/12 positive). In addition, all UV(254) treated samples collected between 10 and 50 min PI were bioassay negative. These results suggest that UV(254) is an effective means to inactivate PRRSV on commonly encountered farm surfaces and materials and inactivation can be accomplished following 10 min of exposure.

  3. Added value of interpreter experience in occult and suspect hip fractures: a retrospective analysis of 254 patients.

    PubMed

    Collin, David; Göthlin, Jan H; Nilsson, Martin; Hellström, Mikael; Geijer, Mats

    2016-06-01

    The influence of experience in categorizing suspect and occult fractures on radiography compared to MRI and clinical outcome has not been studied. The aim of this study is to evaluate the importance of experience in diagnosing normal or suspect hip radiographs compared to MRI. Primarily reported normal or suspect radiography in 254 patients with low-energy hip trauma and subsequent MRI was re-evaluated by two experienced reviewers. Primary readings and review were compared. The prevalence of fractures among normal and suspect radiographic studies was assessed. Clinical outcome was used as reference. At review of radiography, 44 fractures (17 %) were found. Significantly more fractures were found among suspect cases than among normal cases. At MRI, all 44 fractures were confirmed, and further 64 fractures were detected (25 %). MRI detected all fractures with no missed fractures revealed at follow-up. There were a significantly higher proportion of fractures at MRI among the suspect radiographic diagnoses for both the primary report and at review than among occult cases. The more experienced reviewers classified radiography examinations with higher accuracy than primary reporting general radiologists. There was almost complete agreement on MRI diagnoses.

  4. Photodegradation of the azole fungicide fluconazole in aqueous solution under UV-254: kinetics, mechanistic investigations and toxicity evaluation.

    PubMed

    Chen, Zhi-Feng; Ying, Guang-Guo; Jiang, Yu-Xia; Yang, Bin; Lai, Hua-Jie; Liu, You-Sheng; Pan, Chang-Gui; Peng, Fu-Qiang

    2014-04-01

    The azole fungicide fluconazole has been reported to be persistent in conventional wastewater treatment plants. This study investigated the photodegradation of fluconazole under UV-254 in aqueous solutions. The results revealed that the photodegradation of fluconazole was pH-dependent (2.0-12.0) following the pseudo-first-order kinetics with quantum yield values ranging from 0.023 to 0.090 mol einstein(-1), and it underwent a direct and self-sensitized mechanism involving (1)O2. The main photodegradation by-products were identified and semi-quantitated. The proposed photodegradation pathway included hydroxylative defluorination reaction. The 72 h-NOEC and 72 h-LOEC values for fluconazole using a freshwater unicellular green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata were 10 μM and 15 μM. Overall, the photodegradation of fluconazole produced a significant decrease in algal toxicity. It also proved that the photodegradation by-products will not present extra toxicity to this alga than fluconazole itself.

  5. Biodegradation, ecotoxicity and UV254/H2O2 treatment of imidazole, 1-methyl-imidazole and N,N'-alkyl-imidazolium chlorides in water.

    PubMed

    Spasiano, D; Siciliano, A; Race, M; Marotta, R; Guida, M; Andreozzi, R; Pirozzi, F

    2016-12-01

    Imidazole-based compounds are used as reagents for the manufacturing of other compounds including imidazolium-based ionic liquids, which have been recently proposed as a green alternative to conventional solvents. Since some imidazole-based compounds have been demonstrated to be harmful to aquatic organisms, the removal of imidazole, 1-methylimidazole, 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride and 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride from aqueous solutions was attempted by biological oxidation, direct UV254 photolysis, and UV254/H2O2 process at pH 5.5 and 8.5. Results showed that UV254/H2O2 treatment is an effective tool for the removal of the selected compounds at both pHs. In fact, the kinetic constants of the reaction between the photogenerated HO radicals and the four target compounds, estimated by means of both numerical and competition kinetic method, range between 2.32·10(9) M(-1) s(-1) and 5.52 ·10(9) M(-1) s(-1). Moreover, an ecotoxicity assessment of the contaminated water before and after initial treatment without further processing was assessed by using two living aquatic organisms: Raphidocelis subcapitata and Daphnia magna. The results of this assessment not only corresponded closely to previous findings (in terms of EC50 values) reported in the literature, but also indicated that, in some cases, UV254/H2O2 oxidation by-products could be even more toxic than parent compounds.

  6. Effects of deformations and orientations in the fission of the actinide nuclear system 254Fm* formed in the 11B + 243Am reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaur, Manpreet; Sharma, Manoj K.; Gupta, Raj K.

    2012-12-01

    We have studied the decay of actinide nuclear system 254Fm* formed in 11B + 243Am reaction using the dynamical cluster decay model (DCM), with choices of spherical, quadrupole deformation β2 alone and higher multipole deformations β2-β4. For β2 deformations, the optimum orientations θiopt are used whereas for higher multipole deformations the compact orientations θic of decaying fragments are taken in to account. Besides static-β2 deformations, the effects of dynamical-β2 deformations are also explored. The calculated cross sections find excellent agreement with the available experimental data with spherical as well as deformed choices of fragmentations, enabling us to account for the role of important nuclear deformation effects in the 11B-induced nuclear reaction. Spontaneous decay of 254Fm with cold elongated configuration and optimum orientation is also worked out. The mass distributions of excited fermium isotopes in the neighborhood of 254Fm* are also explored. In addition, the roles of temperature, angular momentum, and fission fragment anisotropies are investigated in the context of the chosen reaction.

  7. Effects of UV 254 irradiation on residual chlorine and DBPs in chlorination of model organic-N precursors in swimming pools.

    PubMed

    Weng, ShihChi; Li, Jing; Blatchley, Ernest R

    2012-05-15

    Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is commonly applied as a secondary disinfection process in chlorinated pools. UV-based systems have been reported to yield improvements in swimming pool water and air chemistry, but to date these observations have been largely anecdotal. The objectives of this investigation were to evaluate the effects of UV irradiation on chlorination of important organic-N precursors in swimming pools. Creatinine, L-arginine, L-histidine, glycine, and urea, which comprise the majority of the organic-N in human sweat and urine, were selected as precursors for use in conducting batch experiments to examine the time-course behavior of several DBPs and residual chlorine, with and without UV(254) irradiation. In addition, water samples from two natatoria were subjected to monochromatic UV irradiation at wavelengths of 222 nm and 254 nm to evaluate changes of liquid-phase chemistry. UV(254) irradiation promoted formation and/or decay of several chlorinated N-DBPs and also increased the rate of free chlorine consumption. UV exposure resulted in loss of inorganic chloramines (e.g., NCl(3)) from solution. Dichloromethylamine (CH(3)NCl(2)) formation from creatinine was promoted by UV exposure, when free chlorine was present in solution; however, when free chlorine was depleted, CH(3)NCl(2) photodecay was observed. Dichloroacetonitrile (CNCHCl(2)) formation (from L-histidine and L-arginine) was promoted by UV(254) irradiation, as long as free chlorine was present in solution. Likewise, UV exposure was observed to amplify cyanogen chloride (CNCl) formation from chlorination of L-histidine, L-arginine, and glycine, up to the point of free chlorine depletion. The results from experiments involving UV irradiation of chlorinated swimming pool water were qualitatively consistent with the results of model experiments involving UV/chlorination of precursors in terms of the behavior of residual chlorine and DBPs measured in this study. The results indicate that UV(254

  8. Case study: Nutrition and hydration status during 4,254 km of running over 78 consecutive days.

    PubMed

    Dempster, Sarah; Britton, Rhiannon; Murray, Andrew; Costa, Ricardo J S

    2013-10-01

    The aims of this study were to assess the dietary intake and monitor self-reported recovery quality and clinical symptomology of a male ultra-endurance runner who completed a multiday ultra-endurance running challenge covering 4,254 km from North Scotland to the Moroccan Sahara desert over 78 consecutive days. Food and fluid intakes were recorded and analyzed through dietary analysis software. Body mass (BM) was determined before and after running each day, and before sleep. Clinical symptomology and perceived recovery quality were recorded each day. Whole blood hemoglobin and serum ferritin were determined before and after the challenge. Total daily energy (mean ± SD: 23.2 ± 3.2 MJ · day(-1)) and macronutrient intake (182 ± 31 g · day(-1) protein, 842 ± 115 g · day(-1) carbohydrate, 159 ± 55 g · day(-1) fat) met consensus nutritional guidelines for endurance performance. Total daily water intake through foods and fluids was 4.8 ± 2.0 L · day(-1). Water and carbohydrate intake rates during running were 239 ± 143 ml · h(-1) and 56 ± 19 g · h(-1), respectively. Immediately after running, carbohydrate and protein intakes were 1.3 ± 1.0 g · kg BM(-1) and 0.4 ± 0.2 g · kg BM(-1), respectively. Daily micronutrient intakes ranged from 109 to 662% of UK RNIs. Prerunning BM was generally maintained throughout. Overall exercise-induced BM loss averaged 0.8 ± 1.0%; although BM losses of ≥ 2% occurred in the latter stages, a reflection of the warmer climate. Varying degrees of self-reported perceived recovery quality and clinical symptomology occurred throughout the challenge. This case study highlights oscillations in dietary habits along 78 consecutive days of ultra-endurance running, dependent on changes in ambient conditions and course topography. Nevertheless, nutrition and hydration status were maintained throughout the challenge. Despite dietary iron intake above RNI and iron supplementation, this alone did not prevent deficiency symptoms.

  9. Transuranium isotopes

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, D.C.

    1985-12-01

    The needs of the research community for the production of transuranium isotopes, the quantities required, the continuity of production desired, and what a new steady state neutron source would have to provide to satisfy these needs are discussed. Examples of past frontier research which need these isotopes as well as an outline of the proposed Large Einsteinium Activation Program, LEAP, which requires roughly ten times the current production of /sup 254/Es are given. 15 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  10. Aerodynamic characteristics of a vane flow angularity sensor system capable of measuring flight path accelerations for the Mach number range from 0.40 to 2.54

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sakamoto, G. M.

    1976-01-01

    The aerodynamic characteristics of the angle of attack vane and the angle of sideslip vane are summarized. The test conditions ranged in free stream Mach number from 0.40 to 2.54, in angle of attack from -2 deg to 22 deg, in angle of sideslip from -2 deg to 12 deg, and in Reynolds number from 590,000 per meter to 1.8 million per meter. The results of the wind tunnel investigation are compared with results obtained with similar vane configurations. Comparisons with a NACA vane configuration are also made. In addition, wind tunnel-derived upwash for the test installation is compared with analytical predictions.

  11. Prospects of heavy and superheavy element production via inelastic nucleus-nucleus collisions - from 238U+238U to18O+254Es

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schädel, Matthias

    2016-12-01

    Multi-nucleon transfer reactions, frequently termed deep-inelastic, between heavy-ion projectiles and actinide targets provide prospects to synthesize unknown isotopes of heavy actinides and superheavy elements with neutron numbers beyond present limits. The 238U on 238U reaction, which revealed essential aspects of those nuclear reactions leading to surviving heavy nuclides, mainly produced in 3n and 4n evaporation channels, is discussed in detail. Positions and widths of isotope distributions are compared. It is shown, as a general rule, that cross sections peak at irradiation energies about 10% above the Coulomb barrier. Heavy target nuclei are essential for maximizing cross sections. Experimental results from the 238U on 248Cm reaction, including empirical extrapolations, are compared with theoretical model calculations predicting relatively high cross sections for neutron-rich nuclei. Experiments to test the validity of such predictions are proposed. Comparisons between rather symmetric heavy-ion reactions like 238U on 248Cm (or heavier targets up to 254Es) with very asymmetric ones like 18O on 254Es reveal that the ones with 238U as a projectile have the highest potential in the superheavy element region while the latter ones can be advantageous for the synthesis of heavy actinide isotopes. Concepts for highly efficient recoil separators designed for transfer products are presented.

  12. Removal of benzoylecgonine from water matrices through UV254/H2O2 process: Reaction kinetic modeling, ecotoxicity and genotoxicity assessment.

    PubMed

    Spasiano, D; Russo, D; Vaccaro, M; Siciliano, A; Marotta, R; Guida, M; Reis, N M; Li Puma, G; Andreozzi, R

    2016-11-15

    Benzoylecgonine (BE), the main cocaine metabolite, has been detected in numerous surface water and treatment plants effluents in Europe and there is urgent need for effective treatment methods. In this study, the removal of BE by the UV254/H2O2 process from different water matrices was investigated. By means of competition kinetics method, the kinetic constant of reaction between BE and the photogenerated hydroxyl radicals (OH) was estimated resulting in kOH/BE=5.13×10(9)M(-1)s(-1). By-products and water matrices scavengers effects were estimated by numerical modeling of the reaction kinetics for the UV254/H2O2 process and validated in an innovative microcapillary film (MCF) array photoreactor and in a conventional batch photoreactor. The ecotoxicity of the water before and after treatment was evaluated with four organisms Raphidocelis subcapitata, Daphnia magna, Caenorhabditis elegans, and Vicia faba. The results provided evidence that BE and its transformation by-products do not have significant adverse effects on R. subcapitata, while D. magna underwent an increase of lipid droplets. C. elegans was the most sensitive to BE and its by-products. Furthermore, a genotoxicity assay, using V. faba, showed cytogenic damages during the cell mitosis of primary roots.

  13. Periodic cation segregation in Cs0.44[Nb2.54W2.46O14] quantified by high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy.

    PubMed

    Heidelmann, Markus; Barthel, Juri; Cox, Gerhard; Weirich, Thomas E

    2014-10-01

    The atomic structure of Cs0.44[Nb2.54W2.46O14] closely resembles the structure of the most active catalyst for the synthesis of acrylic acid, the M1 phase of Mo10V2(4+)Nb2TeO42-x. Consistently with observations made for the latter compound, the high-angle electron scattering signal recorded by scanning transmission electron microscopy shows a significant intensity variation, which repeats periodically with the projected crystallographic unit cell. The occupation factors for the individual mixed Nb/W atomic columns are extracted from the observed intensity variations. For this purpose, experimental images and simulated images are compared on an identical intensity scale, which enables a quantification of the cation distribution. According to our analysis specific sites possess low tungsten concentrations of 25%, whereas other sites have tungsten concentrations above 70%. These findings allow us to refine the existing structure model of the target compound, which has until now described a uniform distribution of the niobium and tungsten atoms in the unit cell, showing that the similarity between Cs0.44[Nb2.54W2.46O14] and the related catalytic compounds also extends to the level of the cation segregation.

  14. Induction of pyrimidine dimers and unscheduled DNA synthesis in cultured mouse epithelial cells exposed to 254-nm- and u. v. -B radiation

    SciTech Connect

    Yotti, L.P.; Ley, R.D.

    1983-01-01

    The induction and fate of pyrimidine dimers and unscheduled DNA synthesis were measured in u.v.-irradiated primary, newborn SENCAR mouse epithelial cells. Unscheduled DNA synthesis was induced in a dose responsive manner by two u.v. sources, a germicidal lamp (254 nm) and an FS40 sunlamp (280--400 nm). Using the endonuclease-sensitive site assay to detect pyrimidine dimer production and excision, we examined the response of the newborn mouse cells to both u.v. sources. We were unable to detect the removal of pyrimidine dimers with either of the two sources of u.v. The speculation is made that primary, newborn mouse epidermal cells excise u.v.-induced pyrimidine dimers to an extent below the level of detection of the endonuclease-sensitive site assay but to an extent sufficient to induce unscheduled DNA synthesis.

  15. Abundancias químicas de la compañera visible del agujero negro binario V4641 Sgr (XTE J1819-254)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cúneo, V. A.; Jofré, E.; Pintado, O. I.; Gómez, M. N.

    2015-08-01

    In this work we expose an analysis of the chemical abundances of the optical companion of the confirmed black hole binary V4641 Sgr (XTE J1819-254) from GMOS spectra obtained with the Gemini North telescope. This analysis allowed to observe an enhancement of N, O, Mg and Si, attributed to the contamination of heavy elements generated during the supernova explosion that gave birth to the black hole. It was also observed that Cr and Fe were subabundant. The aim of this study is to test the formation scenario of a binary system containing a black hole as remnant of the supernova explosion of a massive star, and to provide information to better understand the final stages in the evolution of massive stars and black hole progenitors.

  16. Leap to explore the region of neutron-rich heavy element isotopes

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, D.C.

    1985-10-01

    The research aims of the Large Einsteinium Activation Program (LEAP) are described. This program is a major initiative to exploit currently existing expertise in heavy element research and the potential for producing very heavy actinide target materials such as 285-day /sup 254/Es at the High Flux Isotope Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The stated aims of the program are to produce heavy element isotopes, to conduct chemical studies of these isotopes, to study the nuclear properties of such isotopes, and to produce a superheavy element (183 neutrons) by the using a /sup 254/Es target and /sup 48/Ca projectiles. 13 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs. (DWL)

  17. A multiwavelength study of embedded clusters in W5-east, NGC 7538, S235, S252 and S254-S258

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chavarría, L.; Allen, L.; Brunt, C.; Hora, J. L.; Muench, A.; Fazio, G.

    2014-04-01

    We present Spitzer, near-IR (NIR) and millimetre observations of the massive star-forming regions W5-east, S235, S252, S254-S258 and NGC 7538. Spitzer data is combined with NIR observations to identify and classify the young population while 12CO and 13CO observations are used to examine the parental molecular cloud. We detect in total 3021 young stellar objects (YSOs). Of those, 539 are classified as Class I, and 1186 as Class II sources. YSOs are distributed in groups surrounded by a more scattered population. Class I sources are more hierarchically organized than Class II and associated with the most dense molecular material. We identify in total 41 embedded clusters containing between 52 and 73 per cent of the YSOs. Clusters are in general non-virialized, turbulent and have star formation efficiencies between 5 and 50 per cent. We compare the physical properties of embedded clusters harbouring massive stars (MEC) and low-mass embedded clusters (LEC) and find that both groups follow similar correlations where the MEC are an extrapolation of the LEC. The mean separation between MEC members is smaller compared to the cluster Jeans length than for LEC members. These results are in agreement with a scenario where stars are formed in hierarchically distributed dusty filaments where fragmentation is mainly driven by turbulence for the more massive clusters. We find several young OB-type stars having IR-excess emission which may be due to the presence of an accretion disc.

  18. Diversity of antibiotic-resistance genes in Canadian isolates of Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida: dominance of pSN254b and discovery of pAsa8

    PubMed Central

    Trudel, Mélanie V.; Vincent, Antony T.; Attéré, Sabrina A.; Labbé, Myriam; Derome, Nicolas; Culley, Alexander I.; Charette, Steve J.

    2016-01-01

    The bacterium Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida is a common pathogen in fish farms worldwide. Since the antibiotic resistance of this bacterial species is on the increase, it is important to have a broader view on this issue. In the present study, we tested the presence of known plasmids conferring multi-drug resistance as well as antibiotic resistance genes by a PCR approach in 100 Canadian A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida isolates. Our study highlighted the dominance of the conjugative pSN254b plasmid, which confers multi-drug resistance. We also identified a new multi-drug plasmid named pAsa8, which has been characterized by a combination of sequencing technologies (Illumina and Oxford nanopore). This new plasmid harbors a complex class 1 integron similar to the one of the Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1) found in Salmonella enterica and Proteus mirabilis. Consequently, in addition to providing an update on the A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida isolates that are resistant to antibiotics, our data suggest that this bacterium is potentially an important reservoir of drug resistance genes and should consequently be monitored more extensively. In addition, we describe a screening method that has the potential to become a diagnostic tool that is complementary to other methods currently in use. PMID:27752114

  19. Exposure of nondividing populations of primary human fibroblasts to UV (254 nm) radiation induces a transient enhancement in capacity to repair potentially lethal cellular damage

    SciTech Connect

    Tyrrell, R.M.

    1984-02-01

    Nondividing (arrested) populations of primary human fibroblasts from normal individuals exposed to an intial dose (1.5 or 3 Jm/sup -2/) of far-UV (254 nm) radiation and then incubated in medium containing low (0.5%) serum develop enhanced resistance to inactivation of cloning efficiency by a second (challenge) dose of UV. The resistance develops within 2-4 days, after which there is a decline. Resistance develops to a higher degree and more rapidly (1-2 days) in cells derived from patients with the variant form of xeroderma pigmentosum. Excision-deficient cells from xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A individuals also develop UV resistance after a lower (0.2 Jm/sup -2/) exposure to UV. Enhanced UV resistance does not develop in UV-irradiated cell populations incubated with the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (5 ..mu..M). These observations are consistent with the interpretation that exposure of human fibroblasts to low doses of UV induces synthesis of a protein involved in a metabolic pathway that transiently enhances the capacity of cells to repair potentially lethal damage resulting from a subsequent dose of UV.

  20. Use of mussel casts from archaeological sites as paleoecological indicators: An example from CA-MRN-254, Marin County, Alta California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    McGann, Mary; Starratt, Scott W.; Powell, Charles L.; Bieling, David G

    2016-01-01

    Archaeological investigations at prehistoric site CA-MRN-254 at the Dominican University of California in Marin County, California, revealed evidence of Native American occupation spanning the past 1,800 years. A dominant source of food for the inhabitants in the San Francisco Bay area was the intertidal, quiet-water dwelling blue mussel (Mytilus trossulus), although rare occurrences of the open coast-dwelling California mussel (Mytilus californianus) suggest that this species was also utilized sporadically. On rare occasions, cultural horizons at this site contain abundant sediment-filled casts of the smaller mussel Modiolus sp. These casts were formed soon after death when the shells filled with sediment and were roasted along with living bivalve shellfish for consumption. Thin sections of these mussel casts display sedimentological and microbiological constituents that shed light on the paleoenvironmental conditions when they were alive. Fine-grained sediment and pelletal muds comprising these casts suggest that the mussels were collected in a low energy, inner bay environment. The rare presence of the diatoms Triceratium dubium and Thalassionema nitzschioides indicate more normal marine (35 psu) and possibly warmer conditions than presently exist in San Francisco Bay. Radiocarbon dating of charcoal associated with the mussel casts containing these diatoms correlates with a 600-year period of warming from ca. A.D. 700–1300, known as the Medieval Climatic Anomaly. Results of this mussel cast study demonstrate that they have great potential for providing paleoenvironmental information at this and other archaeological sites.

  1. Exposure of Escherichia coli to intestinal myoelectrical activity-related electric field induces resistance against subsequent UV(254 nm) (UVC) irradiation.

    PubMed

    Wójcik-Sikora, A; Laubitz, D; Pierzynowski, S G; Grzesiuk, E

    2001-09-20

    Survival of Escherichia coli K-12 AB1157 irradiated with UVC (UV(254 nm)) was enhanced after pre-treatment with a low-tension electric field (EF). The EF used was identical to the electrical field generated by the small intestine (myoelectrical migrating complex--MMC), registered in a healthy calf and transmitted into the memory of an EF generator. The EF emitted by the generator was transmitted via electrodes placed in shaken bacterial cultures. The protective effects of the EF on the E. coli survival after exposure to UV were: (i) observed only for the dnaJ(+)dnaK(+) strain, and not for the DeltadnaJdnaK heat shock mutant; (ii) strictly dependent on the temperature at which the bacteria were grown; (iii) most obvious when the bacteria were incubated at 37 degrees C. Moreover, the MMC-related EF and a higher temperature (40 degrees C) show a similar protective effect against UV-irradiation. The results point to the involvement of the heat shock response in the low-tension EF-induced protection of bacterial cells against UVC-irradiation. Additionally, treatment with the MMC-related EF affects total protein contents and their pattern in E. coli cells. The EF-treatment did not show any influence on the level of the argE3(ochre) --> Arg(+) reversions.

  2. Desiccation and low temperature attenuate the effect of UVC254 nm in the photobiont of the astrobiologically relevant lichens Circinaria gyrosa and Buellia frigida

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Backhaus, T.; de la Torre, R.; Lyhme, K.; de Vera, J.-P.; Meeßen, J.

    2015-07-01

    Several investigations on lichen photobionts (PBs) after exposure to simulated or real-space parameters consistently reported high viability and recovery of photosynthetic activity. These studies focused on PBs within lichen thalli, mostly exposed in a metabolically inactive state. In contrast, a recent study exposed isolated and metabolically active PBs to the non-terrestrial stressor UVC254 nm and found strong impairment of photosynthetic activity and photo-protective mechanisms (Meeßen et al. in 2014b). Under space and Mars conditions, UVC is accompanied by other stressors as extreme desiccation and low temperatures. The present study exposed the PBs of Buellia frigida and Circinaria gyrosa, to UVC in combination with desiccation and subzero temperatures to gain better insight into the combined stressors' effect and the PBs' inherent potential of resistance. These effects were examined by chlorophyll a fluorescence which is a good indicator of photosynthetic activity (Lüttge & Büdel in 2010) and widely used to test the viability of PBs after (simulated) space exposure. The present results reveal fast recovery of photosynthetic activity after desiccation and subzero temperatures. Moreover, they demonstrate that desiccation and cold confer an additional protective effect on the investigated PBs and attenuate the PBs' reaction to another stressor - even if it is a non-terrestrial one such as UVC. Besides other protective mechanisms (anhydrobiosis, morphological-anatomical traits and secondary lichen compounds), these findings may help to explain the high resistance of lichens observed in astrobiological studies.

  3. Effects of UVC254 nm on the photosynthetic activity of photobionts from the astrobiologically relevant lichens Buellia frigida and Circinaria gyrosa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meeßen, J.; Backhaus, T.; Sadowsky, A.; Mrkalj, M.; Sánchez, F. J.; de la Torre, R.; Ott, S.

    2014-10-01

    In the past decade, various astrobiological studies on different lichen species investigated the impairment of viability and photosynthetic activity by exposure to simulated or real space parameters (as vacuum, polychromatic ultraviolet (UV)-radiation and monochromatic UVC) and consistently found high post-exposure viability as well as low rates of photosynthetic impairment (de Vera et al. 2003, 2004a; 2004b; de la Torre et al. 2010; Onofri et al. 2012; Sánchez et al. 2012, 2014; Brandt et al. 2014). To achieve a better understanding of the basic mechanisms of resistance, the present study subdued isolated and metabolically active photobionts of two astrobiologically relevant lichens to UVC254 nm, examined its effect on photosynthetic activity by chlorophyll a fluorescence and characterized the UVC-induced damages by quantum yield reduction and measurements of non-photochemical quenching. The results indicate a strong impairment of photosynthetic activity, photoprotective mechanisms and overall photobiont vitality when being irradiated in the isolated and metabolically active state. In conclusion, the present study stresses the higher susceptibility of photobionts towards extreme environmental conditions as UVC-exposure, a stressor that does not occur on the Earth. By comparison with previous studies, the present results highlight the importance of protective mechanisms in lichens, such as morphological-anatomical traits (Meeßen et al. 2013), secondary lichen compounds (Meeßen et al. 2014) and the symbiont's pivotal ability to pass into anhydrobiosis when desiccating.

  4. Sampling procedure and a radio-indicator study of mercury determination in whole blood by using an AMA 254 atomic absorption spectrometer.

    PubMed

    Spevácková, Vera; Korunová, Vlasta; Cejchanová, Mája; Vobecký, Miloslav

    2004-09-01

    A sampling procedure appropriate for the determination of mercury in whole blood was tested by using both inactive controls and a 197Hg mercury radio-indicator. To exclude the influence of the instrumental device (an AMA 254 single-purpose mercury atomic absorption spectrometer) on the determination of mercury in whole blood, the function of the instrument was checked by using rat blood with metabolised 197Hg. The measurement procedure was found to be free of errors. However, the study showed that the material used for the sampling vessels is a crucial parameter for obtaining accurate analytical results. The stability of solutions and samples was tested towards polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) vessels. PE displayed a time-dependent increase in the mercury content both in the samples and in the blood control material. The probable cause of this increase was direct contamination from the material of the vessel and/or diffusion of mercury from the environment through the vessel walls related to a strong complexing affinity of the sample matrix. This assumption was confirmed by supplying the vessels with the complexing agent Na2EDTA (0.05 mol L(-1)). Commercial PP vessels for blood sampling (Sarstedt S-Monovette Metall Analytik) did not give rise to statistically significant variations in mercury content in the samples and blood control material over a 30-day period.

  5. Discovery of 2-[5-(4-Fluorophenylcarbamoyl)pyridin-2-ylsulfanylmethyl]phenylboronic Acid (SX-517): Noncompetitive Boronic Acid Antagonist of CXCR1 and CXCR2

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The G protein-coupled chemokine receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2 play key roles in inflammatory diseases and carcinogenesis. In inflammation, they activate and recruit polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) through binding of the chemokines CXCL1 (CXCR1) and CXCL8 (CXCR1 and CXCR2). Structure–activity studies that examined the effect of a novel series of S-substituted 6-mercapto-N-phenyl-nicotinamides on CXCL1-stimulated Ca2+ flux in whole human PMNs led to the discovery of 2-[5-(4-fluorophenylcarbamoyl)pyridin-2-ylsulfanylmethyl]phenylboronic acid (SX-517), a potent noncompetitive boronic acid CXCR1/2 antagonist. SX-517 inhibited CXCL1-induced Ca2+ flux (IC50 = 38 nM) in human PMNs but had no effect on the Ca2+ flux induced by C5a, fMLF, or PAF. In recombinant HEK293 cells that stably expressed CXCR2, SX-517 antagonized CXCL8-induced [35S]GTPγS binding (IC50 = 60 nM) and ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Inhibition was noncompetitive, with SX-517 unable to compete the binding of [125I]-CXCL8 to CXCR2 membranes. SX-517 (0.2 mg/kg iv) significantly inhibited inflammation in an in vivo murine model. SX-517 is the first reported boronic acid chemokine antagonist and represents a novel pharmacophore for CXCR1/2 antagonism. PMID:25254640

  6. Degradation and mineralization of organic UV absorber compound 2-phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid (PBSA) using UV-254nm/H2O2.

    PubMed

    Abdelraheem, Wael H M; He, Xuexiang; Duan, Xiaodi; Dionysiou, Dionysios D

    2015-01-23

    Various studies have revealed the non-biodegradable and endocrine disrupting properties of sulfonated organic UV absorbers, directing people's attention toward their risks on ecological and human health and hence their removal from water. In this study, UV-254nm/H2O2 advanced oxidation process (AOP) was investigated for degrading a model UV absorber compound 2-phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid (PBSA) and a structurally similar compound 1H-benzimidazole-2-sulfonic acid (BSA), with a specific focus on their mineralization. At 4.0mM [H2O2]0, a complete removal of 40.0μM parent PBSA and 25% decrease in TOC were achieved with 190min of UV irradiation; SO4(2-) was formed and reached its maximum level while the release of nitrogen as NH4(+) was much lower (around 50%) at 190min. Sulfate removal was strongly enhanced by increasing [H2O2]0 in the range of 0-4.0mM, with slight inhibition in 4.0-12.0mM. Faster and earlier ammonia formation was observed at higher [H2O2]0. The presence of Br(-) slowed down the degradation and mineralization of both compounds while a negligible effect on the degradation was observed in the presence of Cl(-). Our study provides important technical and fundamental results on the HO based degradation and mineralization of SO3H and N-containing UV absorber compounds.

  7. Validation of an RPHPTLC-Densitometric Method Using Silica Gel 60 RP18WF254 for Simultaneous Determination of Nicotinamide in Selected Pharmaceutical Formulations

    PubMed Central

    Dołowy, Małgorzata; Pyka, Alina

    2015-01-01

    This research study describes the applicability of silica gel 60 RPW18F254 plates for the development and validation of new, simple, economic, accurate, and precise RPHPTLC-densitometric method suitable for the quantification of nicotinamide (as Vitamin PP) in three marketed preparations. The mobile phase used was methanol-water in volume composition 3 : 7. Detection wavelength was 200 nm. The proposed method was validated according to ICH guidelines and also based on Ferenczi-Fodor and Konieczka reports. Results were found to be linear over a range of 1.00 to 2.00 μg/spot. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were 0.15 μg/spot and 0.45 μg/spot, respectively. The percent content of nicotinamide in the investigated preparations was found to be 99.2% (Product 1), 99.3% (Product 2), and 99.4% (Product 3). Developed method is accurate and precise (CV < 3%) and may be successfully applied for the quality control of pharmaceutical formulations containing nicotinamide in the presence of its derivatives, such as N,N-diethylnicotinamide, N-methylnicotinamide, and nicotinic acid. PMID:25834751

  8. Degradation of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) by UV-254 nm/H2O2 photochemical oxidation: kinetics and influence of various process parameters.

    PubMed

    Wang, Dong; Duan, Xiaodi; He, Xuexiang; Dionysiou, Dionysios D

    2016-12-01

    Degradation of dibuytl phthalate (DBP), a plasticizer and also a widely distributed endocrine disruptor, by UV-254 nm/H2O2 advanced oxidation process (AOP) was investigated in this study. A significant DBP removal of 77.1 % at an initial concentration of 1.0 μM was achieved at UV fluence of 160 mJ/cm(2), initial H2O2 dosage of 1.0 mM, and pH of 7.6 ± 0.1. The DBP degradation exhibited a pseudo-first-order reaction kinetic pattern, with the rate constants linearly increasing with increasing H2O2 dosage while decreasing with increasing initial DBP concentration and pH value in a specific range. DBP destruction was significantly inhibited in the presence of alkalinity and natural organic matter (NOM), two known factors that should be taken a serious consideration of in the research and design of UV/H2O2-based AOPs. Presence of common inorganic anions (i.e., Cl(-), SO4(2-), and NO3(-)) and metal cations (i.e., Fe(3+) and Zn(2+)) had a slight impact on the degradation of DBP, although Cu(2+) could improve the degradation efficiency even at a concentration as low as 0.01 mg/L, suggesting a strong potential of applying UV/H2O2 for the removal of DBP with an environmental relevant level of copper.

  9. Heavy isotope production by multinucleon transfer reactions with /sup 254/Es. [101 MeV /sup 16/O, 98 MeV /sup 18/O, 127 MeV /sup 22/Ne

    SciTech Connect

    Schaedel, M.; Bruechle, W.; Bruegger, M.; Gaeggeler, H.; Moody, K.J.; Schardt, D.; Suemmerer, K.; Hulet, E.K.; Douran, A.D.; Dougan, R.J.

    1985-01-01

    Fast automated on-line and quasi-on-line radiochemical techniques were applied to search for new isotopes, to measure their decay characteristics, and to study the cross sections of the heaviest, most neutron-rich actinide isotopes in reactions of /sup 16,18/O and /sup 22/Ne projectiles with /sup 254/Es as a target. The measured yields for isotopes up to Lr-260 are three or more orders of magnitude higher than in any other reaction used so far. A comparison with data for similar transfers from /sup 248/Cm targets is made. Transfer cross sections are extrapolated for the production of unknown, neutron-rich isotopes of elements 101 through 105, and the unique potential of /sup 254/Es as a target to make these exoctic nuclei accessible is demonstrated. 18 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  10. MAXI/GSC detection of a new outburst from GRS 1716-249/GRO J1719-24 or a new X-ray transient MAXI J1719-254

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Negoro, H.; Masumitsu, T.; Kawase, T.; Tanaka, K.; Serino, M.; Tanimoto, A.; Ueno, S.; Tomida, H.; Nakahira, S.; Ishikawa, M.; Sugawara, Y.; Mihara, T.; Sugizaki, M.; Iwakiri, W.; Shidatsu, M.; Sugimoto, J.; Takagi, T.; Matsuoka, M.; Kawai, N.; Isobe, N.; Sugita, S.; Yoshii, T.; Tachibana, Y.; Ono, Y.; Fujiwara, T.; Harita, S.; Muraki, Y.; Yoshida, A.; Sakamoto, T.; Kawakubo, Y.; Kitaoka, Y.; Tsunemi, H.; Shomura, R.; Nakajima, M.; Ueda, Y.; Kawamuro, T.; Hori, T.; Oda, S.; Tsuboi, Y.; Nakamura, Y.; Sasaki, R.; Yamauchi, M.; Furuya, K.; Yamaoka, K.

    2016-12-01

    At 13:37 UT on 2016 December 18, the MAXI/GSC nova-alert system triggered on X-ray enhancement at the position (R.A., Dec) = (259.9, -25.4). The source position could not be determined by the automatic fitting procedure due to the detection at the edge of the FOV. Instead, we obtained the position from a smoothed 4-10 keV X-ray image.

  11. Mafic-Felsic Interactions in the 25.4 ka Oruanui Supereruption (Taupo Volcano): Insights From Quenched Juvenile Mafic Clasts and Their Groundmass Textures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rooyakkers, S. M.; Wilson, C. J. N.; Schipper, C. I.; Allan, A.; Barker, S. J.

    2015-12-01

    Groundmass textures in juvenile mafic clasts from the 25.4 ka1 Oruanui supereruption (Taupo volcano, New Zealand, ~530 km3 magma2) show features indicative of rapid crystallisation due to chilling against the host rhyolite. There is marked textural diversity in these clasts, with contrasts between the two compositional groups (tholeiitic and calc-alkaline3) overshadowed by more significant variations within each group. The observation that textures vary more within than between the compositional groups suggests that bulk composition exerted only a second-order control on textural development, which was instead dominated by the cooling history of each clast. Clustering of groundmass mineral compositions in accordance with textural groupings implies a fundamental link between mineral compositions and textural development. This link is inferred to reflect a complex combination of factors including the degree of undercooling, water content, cooling rate, bulk composition and, possibly, intensive variables. Many macro-crystal compositions in the mafic clasts overlap with those of the corresponding crystals in the Oruanui high- and low-silica rhyolites4, indicating that they are ingested xenocrysts. However, residual glass compositions in the mafic clasts are distinct from those of Oruanui rhyolite glasses, and a mixing trend between them is not observed. The dominance of crystals derived from the low-silica rhyolite and a scarcity of ingested rhyolite melt suggests that interaction of the mafic and felsic magmas occurred predominantly within a transition zone between the crystal mush and the overlying crystal-poor high-silica rhyolite. It is envisaged that mafic dikes encountering a transition zone between the effectively rigid crystal mush and the melt-dominant body disaggregated into discrete blebs of various sizes that quenched against the rhyolite. Each bleb experienced its own unique cooling history, resulting in diversity in their groundmass textures and

  12. Effect of Key Parameters on the Photocatalytic Oxidation of Toluene at Low Concentrations in Air under 254 + 185 nm UV Irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Quici, Natalia; Vera, Maria L.; Choi, Hyeok; Puma, Gianluca Li; Dionysiou, Dionysios D.; Litter, Marta I.; Destaillats, Hugo

    2009-07-01

    The effect of key experimental parameters on the removal of toluene under 254 + 185 nm irradiation was investigated using a benchtop photocatalytic flow reactor. Toluenewas introduced at low concentrations between 10 and 500 ppbv, typical of indoorenvironments, and reacted on TiO2-coated Raschig rings. Two different TiO2-coated rings were prepared: in one case, by dip-coating using a P25 aqueous suspension and, on the other, using an organic/inorganic sol-gel method that produced thin films of mesoporous anatase. Flow rates in the photoreactor varied between 4 L min-1 and 125 mL min-1, leading to residence times in the range 100 ms< tau< 2 s. For these conditions, toluene removal efficiencies were between 30 and 90percent, indicating that the system did not achieve total conversion in any case. For each air flow rate, the conversion oftoluene was significantly higher when the reactor length was 10 cm, as compared with 5 cm; however, only marginal increases in conversions were achieved in the two reactor lengths at equal residence time and different concentration of toluene, suggesting that that the reactor is effectively behaving as an ideal reactor and that the reaction is first-order in the concentration of toluene. Experiments were carried out between 0 and 66percent relative humidity (RH), the fastest reaction rate being observed at moderately low humidity conditions (10percent RH), with respect to both dry air and higher humidity levels. Formaldehyde was formed as a partial oxidation byproduct at low and at high residence times (240 and 960 ms), although higher formaldehyde molar yields (up to 20percent) were observed at low tau (240 ms) and moderate humidity conditions (10 and 33percent), suggesting that both tau and RH can be optimized toreduce the formation of harmful intermediates. Toluene removal efficiency increased with the TiO2 thickness (i.e., mass) until a maximum value of 500 nm, beyond which the removal efficiency decreased. This should be

  13. Evaporation residue cross-section in the decay of 254No* formed in 206Pb + 48Ca and its isotopic dependence using other Pb targets within the dynamical cluster-decay model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niyti; Gupta, Raj K.; Hess, Peter Otto

    2015-06-01

    The dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM), with deformation and orientation effects included, is used to calculate the fusion evaporation residue cross-sections σxn for x = 1, 2, 3 and 4 neutrons emission in a fusion reaction 206Pb + 48Ca → 254No* at various 48Ca-beam energies Elab = 212.7- 242.5 MeV (equivalently, E* = 19.8- 43.9 MeV). Considering the higher multipole deformations up to hexadecapole deformation β4i and the sticking moment-of-inertia IS, the DCM with pocket formula for nuclear proximity potential is shown to give a good description of the measured individual light-particle (here neutrons) decay channels for configurations of "hot, compact" orientations θci, within one parameter fitting of the neck-length ΔR. A check on some of the variables involved in DCM shows that (i) spherical configurations give nearly the same result as above for deformed and oriented ones; (ii) the non-sticking moment-of-inertia INS gives unphysical results; and (iii) configurations of "cold, elongated" orientations do not fit the data at all. Furthermore, for the four different isotopes of 204,206,207,208Pb-based reactions, the dependence of, say, the 2n-emission yield σ2n on the isotopic composition of the compound nucleus is also studied within the DCM for "hot" fusion process. Of all the four Pb-isotopes and three excitation energies E* considered, at each E*, the ΔR is largest for compound system 256No*, followed by 255No*, 254No* and smallest for 252No*, which means to suggest that the neutrons emission occur earliest for 256No*, then for 255No*, 254No* and finally by 252No*, in complete agreement with experimental data according to which compound system 256No* has the highest cross-section and 252No* the lowest with 255No* and 254No* lying in between. This result is related to the double magicity of both the target (208Pb) and projectile (48Ca) nuclei, as well as to the experimentally known result of projectile with a larger number of neutrons (here the target

  14. Investigation on the removal of the major cocaine metabolite (benzoylecgonine) in water matrices by UV254/H2O2 process by using a flow microcapillary film array photoreactor as an efficient experimental tool.

    PubMed

    Russo, Danilo; Spasiano, Danilo; Vaccaro, Marianna; Cochran, Kristin H; Richardson, Susan D; Andreozzi, Roberto; Li Puma, Gianluca; Reis, Nuno M; Marotta, Raffaele

    2016-02-01

    A microcapillary film reactor (MCF) was adopted to evaluate and compare the removal efficiency of benzoylecgonine (BE), an emerging micropollutant deriving from illicit drug abuse (cocaine), in different aqueous matrices: milliQ water, synthetic and real wastewater and surface water. The removal processes investigated were the direct photolysis with UV radiation at 254 nm, and the advanced oxidation process (AOP) with the same UV radiation and hydrogen peroxide. As a result of the microfluidics approach developed through an innovative experimental apparatus, full conversion of BE was reached within a few seconds or minutes of residence time in the MCF depending on the process conditions adopted. The radiation dose was estimated to be approximately 5.5 J cm(-2). The innovative MCF reactor was found to be an effective tool for photochemical studies, especially when using highly priced, uncommon, or regulated substances. The removal efficiency was affected by the nature of the aqueous matrix, due to the presence of different xenobiotics and natural compounds that act primarily as HO(•) radical scavengers and secondly as inner UV254 filters. Moreover, nano-liquid chromatography (LC)-high resolution-mass spectrometry analysis was utilized to identify the main reaction transformation products, showing the formation of hydroxylated aromatics during the photochemical treatment.

  15. Cross-species analysis of Fc engineered anti-Lewis-Y human IgG1 variants in human neonatal receptor transgenic mice reveal importance of S254 and Y436 in binding human neonatal Fc receptor

    PubMed Central

    Burvenich, Ingrid J. G.; Farrugia, William; Lee, Fook T.; Catimel, Bruno; Liu, Zhanqi; Makris, Dahna; Cao, Diana; O'Keefe, Graeme J.; Brechbiel, Martin W.; King, Dylan; Spirkoska, Violeta; Allan, Laura C.; Ramsland, Paul A.; Scott, Andrew M.

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT IgG has a long half-life through engagement of its Fc region with the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn). The FcRn binding site on IgG1 has been shown to contain I253 and H310 in the CH2 domain and H435 in the CH3 domain. Altering the half-life of IgG has been pursued with the aim to prolong or reduce the half-life of therapeutic IgGs. More recent studies have shown that IgGs bind differently to mouse and human FcRn. In this study we characterize a set of hu3S193 IgG1 variants with mutations in the FcRn binding site. A double mutation in the binding site is necessary to abrogate binding to murine FcRn, whereas a single mutation in the FcRn binding site is sufficient to no longer detect binding to human FcRn and create hu3S193 IgG1 variants with a half-life similar to previously studied hu3S193 F(ab')2 (t1/2β, I253A, 12.23 h; H310A, 12.94; H435A, 12.57; F(ab')2, 12.6 h). Alanine substitutions in S254 in the CH2 domain and Y436 in the CH3 domain showed reduced binding in vitro to human FcRn and reduced elimination half-lives in huFcRn transgenic mice (t1/2β, S254A, 37.43 h; Y436A, 39.53 h; wild-type, 83.15 h). These variants had minimal effect on half-life in BALB/c nu/nu mice (t1/2β, S254A, 119.9 h; Y436A, 162.1 h; wild-type, 163.1 h). These results provide insight into the interaction of human Fc by human FcRn, and are important for antibody-based therapeutics with optimal pharmacokinetics for payload strategies used in the clinic. PMID:27030023

  16. Quantum mechanical and spectroscopic (FT-IR, 13C, 1H NMR and UV) investigations of 2-(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl)benzo[d]thiazole by DFT method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diwaker

    2014-07-01

    The electronic, NMR, vibrational, structural properties of a new pyrazoline derivative: 2-(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3-(pyridine-2-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl)benzo[d]thiazole has been studied using Gaussian 09 software package. Using VEDA 4 program we have reported the PED potential energy distribution of normal mode of vibrations of the title compound. We have also reported the 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts of the title compound using B3LYP level of theory with 6-311++G(2d,2p) basis set. Using time dependent (TD-DFT) approach electronic properties such as HOMO and LUMO energies, electronic spectrum of the title compound has been studied and reported. NBO analysis and MEP surface mapping has also been calculated and reported using ab initio methods.

  17. Quantum mechanical and spectroscopic (FT-IR, 13C, 1H NMR and UV) investigations of 2-(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl)benzo[d]thiazole by DFT method.

    PubMed

    Diwaker

    2014-07-15

    The electronic, NMR, vibrational, structural properties of a new pyrazoline derivative: 2-(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3-(pyridine-2-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl)benzo[d]thiazole has been studied using Gaussian 09 software package. Using VEDA 4 program we have reported the PED potential energy distribution of normal mode of vibrations of the title compound. We have also reported the (1)H and (13)C NMR chemical shifts of the title compound using B3LYP level of theory with 6-311++G(2d,2p) basis set. Using time dependent (TD-DFT) approach electronic properties such as HOMO and LUMO energies, electronic spectrum of the title compound has been studied and reported. NBO analysis and MEP surface mapping has also been calculated and reported using ab initio methods.

  18. Peroxisomal proliferation in heart and liver of mice receiving chlorpromazine, ethyl 2(5(4-chlorophenyl)pentyl) oxiran-2-carboxylic acid or high fat diet: a biochemical and morphometrical comparative study.

    PubMed

    Vamecq, J; Roels, F; Van den Branden, C; Draye, J P

    1987-12-01

    Chlorpromazine and related drugs including trifluoperazine, clopenthixol, and fluphenazine are in vitro inhibitors of mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase and cytochrome c oxidase and of peroxisomal carnitine octanoyltransferase from mouse heart and liver. By contrast with 0.1% ethyl 2(5(4-chlorophenyl)pentyl) oxiran-2-carboxylic acid or 0.1% clofibrate-containing diets, the treatment of mice with 0.1% chlorpromazine-containing diet fails to induce peroxisomal proliferation in liver and heart. An 0.5% chlorpromazine-containing diet did induce peroxisomal proliferation. Inhibition of peroxisomal beta-oxidation presumably via the reduction of carnitine octanoyltransferase by chlorpromazine elicits the appearance in liver of lamellar structures resembling those seen in human peroxisomal disorders and induces accumulation of very long-chain fatty acids in plasma. The peroxisomal proliferation induced by administration of high dose chlorpromazine is ascribed to its ability to depress mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation by impairing cytochrome c oxidase and carnitine palmitoyltransferase activities.

  19. Structural and Kinetic Insights Reveal That the Amino Acid Pair Gln-228/Asn-254 Modulates the Transfructosylating Specificity of Schwanniomyces occidentalis β-Fructofuranosidase, an Enzyme That Produces Prebiotics*

    PubMed Central

    Álvaro-Benito, Miguel; Sainz-Polo, M. Angela; González-Pérez, David; González, Beatriz; Plou, Francisco J.; Fernández-Lobato, María; Sanz-Aparicio, Julia

    2012-01-01

    Schwanniomyces occidentalis β-fructofuranosidase (Ffase) is a GH32 dimeric enzyme that releases fructose from the nonreducing end of various oligosaccharides and essential storage fructans such as inulin. It also catalyzes the transfer of a fructosyl unit to an acceptor producing 6-kestose and 1-kestose, prebiotics that stimulate the growth of bacteria beneficial for human health. We report here the crystal structure of inactivated Ffase complexed with fructosylnystose and inulin, which shows the intricate net of interactions keeping the substrate tightly bound at the active site. Up to five subsites were observed, the sugar unit located at subsite +3 being recognized by interaction with the β-sandwich domain of the adjacent subunit within the dimer. This explains the high activity observed against long substrates, giving the first experimental evidence of the direct role of a GH32 β-sandwich domain in substrate binding. Crucial residues were mutated and their hydrolase/transferase (H/T) activities were fully characterized, showing the involvement of the Gln-228/Asn-254 pair in modulating the H/T ratio and the type β(2–1)/β(2–6) linkage formation. We generated Ffase mutants with new transferase activity; among them, Q228V gives almost specifically 6-kestose, whereas N254T produces a broader spectrum product including also neokestose. A model for the mechanism of the Ffase transfructosylation reaction is proposed. The results contribute to an understanding of the molecular basis regulating specificity among GH-J clan members, which represent an interesting target for rational design of enzymes, showing redesigned activities to produce tailor-made fructooligosaccharides. PMID:22511773

  20. Structural and kinetic insights reveal that the amino acid pair Gln-228/Asn-254 modulates the transfructosylating specificity of Schwanniomyces occidentalis β-fructofuranosidase, an enzyme that produces prebiotics.

    PubMed

    Álvaro-Benito, Miguel; Sainz-Polo, M Angela; González-Pérez, David; González, Beatriz; Plou, Francisco J; Fernández-Lobato, María; Sanz-Aparicio, Julia

    2012-06-01

    Schwanniomyces occidentalis β-fructofuranosidase (Ffase) is a GH32 dimeric enzyme that releases fructose from the nonreducing end of various oligosaccharides and essential storage fructans such as inulin. It also catalyzes the transfer of a fructosyl unit to an acceptor producing 6-kestose and 1-kestose, prebiotics that stimulate the growth of bacteria beneficial for human health. We report here the crystal structure of inactivated Ffase complexed with fructosylnystose and inulin, which shows the intricate net of interactions keeping the substrate tightly bound at the active site. Up to five subsites were observed, the sugar unit located at subsite +3 being recognized by interaction with the β-sandwich domain of the adjacent subunit within the dimer. This explains the high activity observed against long substrates, giving the first experimental evidence of the direct role of a GH32 β-sandwich domain in substrate binding. Crucial residues were mutated and their hydrolase/transferase (H/T) activities were fully characterized, showing the involvement of the Gln-228/Asn-254 pair in modulating the H/T ratio and the type β(2-1)/β(2-6) linkage formation. We generated Ffase mutants with new transferase activity; among them, Q228V gives almost specifically 6-kestose, whereas N254T produces a broader spectrum product including also neokestose. A model for the mechanism of the Ffase transfructosylation reaction is proposed. The results contribute to an understanding of the molecular basis regulating specificity among GH-J clan members, which represent an interesting target for rational design of enzymes, showing redesigned activities to produce tailor-made fructooligosaccharides.

  1. A study of the formation, purification and application as a SWNT growth catalyst of the nanocluster [HxPMo12O40[subset]H4Mo72Fe30(O2CMe)15O254(H2O)98].

    PubMed

    Anderson, Robin E; Colorado, Ramon; Crouse, Christopher; Ogrin, Douglas; Maruyama, Benji; Pender, Mark J; Edwards, Christopher L; Whitsitt, Elizabeth; Moore, Valerie C; Koveal, Dorothy; Lupu, Corina; Stewart, Michael P; Smalley, Richard E; Tour, James M; Barron, Andrew R

    2006-07-07

    The synthetic conditions for the isolation of the iron-molybdenum nanocluster FeMoC [HxPMo12O40 [subset]H4Mo72Fe30(O2CMe)15O254(H2O)98], along with its application as a catalyst precursor for VLS growth of SWNTs have been studied. As-prepared FeMoC is contaminated with the Keplerate cage [H4Mo72Fe30(O2CMe)15O254(H2O)98] without the Keggin [HxPMo12O40]n- template, however, isolation of pure FeMoC may be accomplished by Soxhlet extraction with EtOH. The resulting EtOH solvate is consistent with the replacement of the water ligands coordinated to Fe being substituted by EtOH. FeMoC-EtOH has been characterized by IR, UV-vis spectroscopy, MS, XPS and 31P NMR. The solid-state 31P NMR spectrum for FeMoC-EtOH (delta-5.3 ppm) suggests little effect of the paramagnetic Fe3+ centers in the Keplerate cage on the Keggin ion's phosphorous. The high chemical shift anisotropy, and calculated T1 (35 ms) and T2 (8 ms) values are consistent with a weak magnetic interaction between the Keggin ion's phosphorus symmetrically located within the Keplerate cage. Increasing the FeCl2 concentration and decreasing the pH of the reaction mixture optimizes the yield of FeMoC. The solubility and stability of FeMoC in H2O and MeOH-H2O is investigated. The TGA of FeMoC-EtOH under air, Ar and H2 (in combination with XPS) shows that upon thermolysis the resulting Fe : Mo ratio is highly dependent on the reaction atmosphere: thermolysis in air results in significant loss of volatile molybdenum components. Pure FeMoC-EtOH is found to be essentially inactive as a pre-catalyst for the VLS growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) irrespective of the substrate or reaction conditions. However, reaction of FeMoC with pyrazine (pyz) results in the formation of aggregates that are found to be active catalysts for the growth of SWNTs. Activation of FeMoC may also be accomplished by the addition of excess iron. The observation of prior work's reported growth of SWNTs from FeMoC is discussed with respect

  2. Degradation kinetics and mechanism of β-lactam antibiotics by the activation of H2O2 and Na2S2O8 under UV-254nm irradiation.

    PubMed

    He, Xuexiang; Mezyk, Stephen P; Michael, Irene; Fatta-Kassinos, Despo; Dionysiou, Dionysios D

    2014-08-30

    The extensive production and usage of antibiotics have led to an increasing occurrence of antibiotic residuals in various aquatic compartments, presenting a significant threat to both ecosystem and human health. This study investigated the degradation of selected β-lactam antibiotics (penicillins: ampicillin, penicillin V, and piperacillin; cephalosporin: cephalothin) by UV-254nm activated H2O2 and S2O8(2-) photochemical processes. The UV irradiation alone resulted in various degrees of direct photolysis of the antibiotics; while the addition of the oxidants improved significantly the removal efficiency. The steady-state radical concentrations were estimated, revealing a non-negligible contribution of hydroxyl radicals in the UV/S2O8(2-) system. Mineralization of the β-lactams could be achieved at high UV fluence, with a slow formation of SO4(2-) and a much lower elimination of total organic carbon (TOC). The transformation mechanisms were also investigated showing the main reaction pathways of hydroxylation (+16Da) at the aromatic ring and/or the sulfur atom, hydrolysis (+18Da) at the β-lactam ring and decarboxylation (-44Da) for the three penicillins. Oxidation of amine group was also observed for ampicillin. This study suggests that UV/H2O2 and UV/S2O8(2-) advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are capable of degrading β-lactam antibiotics decreasing consequently the antibiotic activity of treated waters.

  3. Chemical consequences of radioactive decay. 2. Spectrophotometric study of the ingrowth of berkelium-249 and californium-249 into halides of einsteinium-253

    SciTech Connect

    Young, J.P.; Haire, R.G.; Peterson, J.R.; Ensor, D.D.; Fellows, R.L.

    1981-11-01

    The ingrowth of /sup 249/Bk daughter and /sup 249/Cf granddaughter into fluorides, chlorides, bromides, and iodides of parent /sup 253/Es was followed by spectrophotometric methods. In the case of trivalent Es halides, the oxidation state of the parent is maintained by its progeny. In the case of divalent Es halides, the oxidation state of the parent is retained by the granddaughter species. No other oxidation states or chemical species of the progeny ions are observed even though experimental conditions of storage such as physical state, temperature, or cover-gas composition were varied. These results are considered in terms of mechanisms that would allow such chemical stability.

  4. 30 CFR 254.6 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL RESPONSE REQUIREMENTS... kernels referred to in paragraph (1)(A) of that section. Oil spill removal organization (OSRO) means an... event of an oil or hazardous substance spill. Outer Continental Shelf means all submerged lands...

  5. 30 CFR 254.6 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL..., nuts, and kernels referred to in paragraph (1)(A) of that section. Oil spill removal organization (OSRO... in the event of an oil or hazardous substance spill. Outer Continental Shelf means all...

  6. 30 CFR 254.6 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL..., nuts, and kernels referred to in paragraph (1)(A) of that section. Oil spill removal organization (OSRO... in the event of an oil or hazardous substance spill. Outer Continental Shelf means all...

  7. 30 CFR 254.6 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL-SPILL..., nuts, and kernels referred to in paragraph (1)(A) of that section. Oil spill removal organization (OSRO... in the event of an oil or hazardous substance spill. Outer Continental Shelf means all...

  8. 30 CFR 254.6 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... temperatures, wind, sea ice, current, and sea states. It does not refer to conditions such as a hurricane... is in direct contact with the open sea and the line marking the seaward limit of inland waters... seaward of the coast line means the belt of the seas measured from the coast line and extending seaward...

  9. 36 CFR 254.3 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... opportunity to achieve better management of Federal lands and resources, to meet the needs of State and local..., such as mineral and timber interests, for more logical and efficient management and development... Resource Management Plans; and fulfillment of public needs. (2) Findings. To determine that an...

  10. 16 CFR 254.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... corporate charter to operate or license to do business as a school and should not be used unless the represented “approval” has been affirmatively required or authorized by State or Federal law. (c)...

  11. 7 CFR 1944.254 - Program costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... supplies (including food) necessary to provide services; (iv) Operational costs of a transportation service... the total budget for the activities approved); and (vii) States, Indian tribes and units of...

  12. 7 CFR 254.5 - Household eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations. However, an ITO can request the Department to grant... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM...

  13. 7 CFR 1944.254 - Program costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... supplies (including food) necessary to provide services; (iv) Operational costs of a transportation service... the total budget for the activities approved); and (vii) States, Indian tribes and units of...

  14. 7 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Distribution Program means a food distribution program for households on Indian reservations administered pursuant to section 4(b) of the Food Stamp Act and 1304(a) of Pub. L. 97-98. (d) Indian tribal household... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  15. 50 CFR 216.254 - Mitigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... establish and monitor a safety zone for marine mammals with a radius of 2.0 nm (3.7 km) from the center of the detonation and a buffer zone with a radius of 1.0 nm (1.85 km) radius from the outer edge of the... safety for marine mammals with a radius of no less than 5 nm (9.3 km) for single bombs and 10 nm (18.5...

  16. 50 CFR 216.254 - Mitigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Conducting Precision Strike Weapon Missions in the Gulf of Mexico §...

  17. 38 CFR 17.254 - Applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., assurances, and supporting documents: (a) To specify amount. Each application shall show the amount of the..., and amounts or expenses which will be borne by the applicant, and (e) To include assurance records will be kept. Each application shall include sufficient assurances that the applicant shall...

  18. 38 CFR 21.254 - Supportive services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... services, supplies, license and other fees, special services, including services to the blind and deaf... employment services: (1) Subsistence allowance, or payment of an allowance at the educational assistance...

  19. 38 CFR 21.254 - Supportive services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... services, supplies, license and other fees, special services, including services to the blind and deaf... employment services: (1) Subsistence allowance, or payment of an allowance at the educational assistance...

  20. 38 CFR 21.254 - Supportive services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... services, supplies, license and other fees, special services, including services to the blind and deaf... employment services: (1) Subsistence allowance, or payment of an allowance at the educational assistance...

  1. 38 CFR 21.254 - Supportive services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... services, supplies, license and other fees, special services, including services to the blind and deaf... employment services: (1) Subsistence allowance, or payment of an allowance at the educational assistance...

  2. 36 CFR 254.31 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... a person who occupies or has improvements on National Forest System land under claim of title or color of title, or who owns land abutting or underlying a road right-of-way, or who owns land... of value of lands involved in an interchange where elements of value, such as...

  3. 36 CFR 254.3 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... amended (16 U.S.C. 516), must be submitted to Congress for oversight review, pursuant to the Act of... same State. (e) Congressional designations. Upon acceptance of title by the United States, lands... Policy and Management Act of 1976, as amended, which are within the boundaries of any unit of...

  4. 7 CFR 1944.254 - Program costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., related facilities or land and certain major kitchen items such as stoves, refrigerators, freezers..., renovation or new construction of a building or facility, including kitchens; (v) Any costs related to...

  5. 36 CFR 254.9 - Appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Acquisition Conference 1992 (Washington, DC, 1992), ISBN 0-16-038050-2 when appraising the values of the... appraiser(s) shall provide to the authorized officer appraisals estimating the market value of Federal and... meeting the requirements of FIRREA. (b) Market value. (1) In estimating market value, the appraiser...

  6. 36 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... a qualified appraiser setting forth an opinion as to the market value of the lands or interests in... supported opinion of the most probable and legal use of a property, based on market evidence, as of the date... the mining and mineral leasing laws applicable to Federally owned lands and minerals reserved from...

  7. 36 CFR 254.3 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... use of the conveyed Federal land will not substantially conflict with established management..., generation, or transportation of the hazardous substances found on the Federal land, the conveyance...

  8. 40 CFR 254.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... brought where there is alleged to be a violation by any person (including (a) the United States, and (b... the Constitution) of any permit, standard, regulation, condition, requirement, or order which...

  9. 40 CFR 254.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... brought where there is alleged to be a violation by any person (including (a) the United States, and (b... the Constitution) of any permit, standard, regulation, condition, requirement, or order which...

  10. 40 CFR 254.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... brought where there is alleged to be a violation by any person (including (a) the United States, and (b... the Constitution) of any permit, standard, regulation, condition, requirement, or order which...

  11. 7 CFR 1901.254 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Procedures for the Protection of Historical and Archeological Properties...) Undertakings requiring a historical and archeological assessment. Although the following undertakings are... and, therefore, will require a historical and archeological assessment: (1) Loans and grants for...

  12. 7 CFR 1901.254 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Procedures for the Protection of Historical and Archeological Properties...) Undertakings requiring a historical and archeological assessment. Although the following undertakings are... and, therefore, will require a historical and archeological assessment: (1) Loans and grants for...

  13. 7 CFR 1901.254 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Procedures for the Protection of Historical and Archeological Properties...) Undertakings requiring a historical and archeological assessment. Although the following undertakings are... and, therefore, will require a historical and archeological assessment: (1) Loans and grants for...

  14. 7 CFR 1901.254 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Procedures for the Protection of Historical and Archeological Properties...) Undertakings requiring a historical and archeological assessment. Although the following undertakings are... and, therefore, will require a historical and archeological assessment: (1) Loans and grants for...

  15. 7 CFR 1901.254 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Procedures for the Protection of Historical and Archeological Properties...) Undertakings requiring a historical and archeological assessment. Although the following undertakings are... and, therefore, will require a historical and archeological assessment: (1) Loans and grants for...

  16. 36 CFR 254.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... one land exchange transaction. Authorized officer means a Forest Service line or staff officer who has... of valuation. Lands means any land and/or interests in land. Market value means the most probable... disposal of National Forest System lands administered by the Secretary of Agriculture. Reserved...

  17. 7 CFR 1944.254 - Program costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) Emergency medical services and ongoing and regular care from doctors and nurses, including but not limited... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED)...

  18. 7 CFR 1944.254 - Program costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) Emergency medical services and ongoing and regular care from doctors and nurses, including but not limited... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED)...

  19. 36 CFR 254.15 - Title standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... USDA Office of the General Counsel, evidence of title for the non-Federal lands being conveyed to the... encumbrances—(1) Non-Federal lands. (i) Title to the non-Federal lands must be acceptable to the United States... interests of the non-Federal landowner are subject to the appropriate rules and regulations of the...

  20. Destruction of microcystins (cyanotoxins) by UV-254 nm-based direct photolysis and advanced oxidation processes (AOPs): influence of variable amino acids on the degradation kinetics and reaction mechanisms.

    PubMed

    He, Xuexiang; de la Cruz, Armah A; Hiskia, Anastasia; Kaloudis, Triantafyllos; O'Shea, Kevin; Dionysiou, Dionysios D

    2015-05-01

    Hepatotoxic microcystins (MCs) are the most frequently detected group of cyanobacterial toxins. This study investigated the degradation of common MC variants in water, MC-LR, MC-RR, MC-YR and MC-LA, by UV-254 nm-based processes, UV only, UV/H2O2, UV/S2O8(2-) and UV/HSO5(-). Limited direct photolysis of MCs was observed, while the addition of an oxidant significantly improved the degradation efficiency with an order of UV/S2O8(2-) > UV/HSO5(-) > UV/H2O2 at the same initial molar concentration of the oxidant. The removal of MC-LR by UV/H2O2 appeared to be faster than another cyanotoxin, cylindrospermopsin, at either the same initial molar concentration or the same initial organic carbon concentration of the toxin. It suggested a faster reaction of MC-LR with hydroxyl radical, which was further supported by the determined second-order rate constant of MCs with hydroxyl radical. Both isomerization and photohydration byproducts were observed in UV only process for all four MCs; while in UV/H2O2, hydroxylation and diene-Adda double bond cleavage byproducts were detected. The presence of a tyrosine in the structure of MC-YR significantly promoted the formation of monohydroxylation byproduct m/z 1061; while the presence of a second arginine in MC-RR led to the elimination of a guanidine group and the absence of double bond cleavage byproducts. It was therefore demonstrated in this study that the variable amino acids in the structure of MCs influenced not only the degradation kinetics but also the preferable reaction mechanisms.