Science.gov

Sample records for elementary school settings

  1. Fractures in New Zealand Elementary School Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubie-Davies, Christine M.; Townsend, Michael A. R.

    2007-01-01

    Background: There is a need for greater international understanding of student safety in schools. This New Zealand study investigated the causes and school location of fractures sustained by students attending elementary school, with special emphasis on the types of fractures sustained following falls from playground equipment of various heights.…

  2. Shakespeare in an Elementary School Setting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Robin H.

    1997-01-01

    For almost 50 years, the 8th-grade graduating class at a New Jersey private elementary school has presented an expertly produced Shakespeare play, alternating between "The Tempest" and "A Midsummer Night's Dream." The whole school becomes involved, from younger kids reading story versions of the plays, to older kids making props in wood shop.…

  3. Elementary School Assistant Principals' Attitudes toward Inclusion of Special Needs Students in the General Education Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Jerri De'Lane

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the elementary school assistant principals' attitudes and recommended instructional arrangement related to the inclusion of special needs students in the general education setting. The following six questions guided the study: (1) Are the attitudes of the elementary school assistant principals more positive…

  4. Investigating Staff Morale in an Elementary School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pendino, Bethany

    2012-01-01

    The way that employees feel about their workplaces and their jobs has implications not only for each individual but for the success of the workplace as well. In a school setting, investigating how teachers and other staff members feel about their jobs and their workplace and then seeking to improve employee morale may benefit schools. This action…

  5. The Emergence of Student Creativity in Classroom Settings: A Case Study of Elementary Schools in Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Younsoon; Chung, Hye Young; Choi, Kyoulee; Seo, Choyoung; Baek, Eunjoo

    2013-01-01

    This research explores the emergence of student creativity in classroom settings, specifically within two content areas: science and social studies. Fourteen classrooms in three elementary schools in Korea were observed, and the teachers and students were interviewed. The three types of student creativity emerging in the teaching and learning…

  6. Healthy school environment: effectiveness of hand washing instruction in an elementary school setting.

    PubMed

    Celik, Laurel A; Pancoe, Diane L

    2012-07-01

    Hand washing remains the single most important action for preventing the spread of infectious diseases. Although easy and inexpensive, promoting hand hygiene in an elementary school can be a challenge. This study was a collaborativeproject between the co-investigators (a registered nurse at an urban elementary school and a senior high school student working on a senior International Baccalaureate research project), the 5th-grade science teacher, and a physician from the local children's hospital. The study purposes were to (a) determine the effectiveness of a 30-minute hand washing educational intervention at decreasing organisms on the hands of 5th-grade students and (b) introduce the 5th-grade students to the scientific method. Forty-one percent of the 5th-grade students used an effective hand washing technique after receiving instruction on proper hand washing.

  7. Telluride Nongraded Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frick, Paul

    Teachers in a small Colorado elementary school noted that their school program needed changes in (1) promotion and retention, (2) acceleration, (3) individualization, and (4) report cards. A gradual conversion was made to a nongraded school program. The nongraded subjects, reading and arithmetic, were set up for individualized instruction.…

  8. Academic Achievement for Fifth-Grade Students in Elementary and Intermediate School Settings: Grade Span Configurations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combs, Julie P.; Clark, David; Moore, George W.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

    2011-01-01

    Few researchers have addressed student achievement outcomes as a function of grade configurations for older elementary-aged students. Thus, this study was designed to determine differences between students' Grade 5 reading and mathematics achievement in elementary schools (K-5) as compared to intermediate schools (Grade 5, 5-6) for 5 academic…

  9. Cary Woods Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havens, Glenda

    1994-01-01

    Describes the school reading program at Cary Woods Elementary School (in Auburn, Alabama), one of several school reading programs designated by the International Reading Association as exemplary. (SR)

  10. On the Assimilation of the Concept "Set" in the Elementary School Mathematics Texts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinker, Aron

    1981-01-01

    Sixty-two students in an elementary education program for mathematics training as elementary teachers responded to a questionnaire that exhibited incorrect uses of the concept "set." The study revealed that the majority surveyed could not detect incorrect uses of the concept. (SK)

  11. Elementary School Mathematics Priorities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, W. Stephen

    2009-01-01

    This article first describes some of the basic skills and knowledge that a solid elementary school mathematics foundation requires. It then elaborates on several points germane to these practices. These are then followed with a discussion and conclude with final comments and suggestions for future research. The article sets out the five…

  12. Effects of Organizationally-Based and Individually-Based Stress Management Efforts in Elementary School Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milstein, Mike M.; Golaszewski, Thomas J.

    Based on data gathered from June 1982 to June 1983 from four urban elementary schools in the northeastern United States, this paper explores both the potential impact of organizational factors on teachers' felt-stress and the potential of strategies aimed at alleviating such stress. The schools functioned respectively as a control site, an…

  13. Interdependent Learning in an Open Classroom Setting: Dean Rusk Elementary School, 1972-73. Research and Development Report, Volume 7, Number 7, August 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goettee, Margaret

    All special programs at Dean Rusk Elementary School, funded in part under Title I of the 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act, combined to facilitate individualized instruction in the nongraded, open classroom setting of the school. To better meet the needs of the pupils during the 1972-73 school year, the Follow Through Program included, for…

  14. Elementary School Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning By Design, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Highlights elementary school construction projects that have won the Learning By Design Awards for 2001. Projects covered involve new school construction; and renovation, additions, and restoration. (GR)

  15. The Affordance of Speech Recognition Technology for EFL Learning in an Elementary School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liaw, Meei-Ling

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the use of speech recognition (SR) technology to support a group of elementary school children's learning of English as a foreign language (EFL). SR technology has been used in various language learning contexts. Its application to EFL teaching and learning is still relatively recent, but a solid understanding of its…

  16. Chemistry for Kids. Building an Elementary School Chemistry Set from Common Household Items.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlenker, Richard M.

    Most children become excited about science because they can do something and because they can watch the results. These are some of the answers most elementary school students tell you when they are asked about science class. It has been substantiated by decades of research that experiential experiences are exciting and remembered, visual and…

  17. Integrating Effective and Beneficial Interventions to Increase Student Attendance in an Elementary School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peek, Sarah D.

    2009-01-01

    The action research study revealed the effectiveness of recent interventions to the attendance process of a single elementary school located in the Southern United States. The study evaluated the benefits and impact of the interventions, and other possible interventions to increase student attendance. An explanation of each intervention is…

  18. High School Students as Mental Health Aides in the Elementary School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWilliams, Spencer A.; Finkel, Norman J.

    1973-01-01

    The program described in this report involves selected high school students who were trained as mental health aides and worked with primary grade children referred for school maladaptation problems. Data evaluating the program's effectiveness are presented. (Author)

  19. Teaching Elementary School Teachers Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques To Address ADDH Behaviors in the Classroom Setting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogelmann-Peper, Marcella

    This practicum was designed to address attention deficit and hyperactive behaviors (ADDH) in the elementary classroom setting. The primary goal was to provide teachers with an effective intervention technique which requires little time and addresses the ADDH syndrome. A second aim was to increase teachers' understanding of the ADDH syndrome and…

  20. Japanese Elementary School Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Harold W.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the development of Japanese elementary education in the context of three periods of its history. Considers salient characteristics of Japanese elementary schools and teaching procedures; these include curriculum; social and moral education; classroom environment; teachers; afterschool classes; college entrance examinations; the kyoiku…

  1. Lillie Burney Elementary School

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    Mississippi Rep. Percy Watson (left) talks with first-graders Savannah Jones and Levi Meyers, and Astronaut Lee Morin on Sept. 8 during the NASA Explorer School kickoff event at the Lillie Burney Elementary School in Hattiesburg, Miss. NASA Explorer Schools help promote student achievement in mathematics and science through activities using the excitement of NASA research, discoveries and missions.

  2. Elementary Pilot Project. Minford Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

    The Minford Schools received funds under Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act for a pilot program in elementary counseling. In the school area, there was a high concentration of families receiving aid to dependent children (ADC), a high dropout rate, high teacher turnover, and traditional faculty orientation. Student awareness…

  3. Evaluating the Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otto Elementary School, NC.

    A self-study of the Otto Elementary School in Otto, North Carolina, began in 1960 and was completed in 1963. The study was implemented to provide faculty and staff with an opportunity to evaluate school practices, identify areas needing improvement, and project future plans for improvement. One general goal, providing quality education for all…

  4. Play Therapy in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landreth, Garry L.; Ray, Dee C.; Bratton, Sue C.

    2009-01-01

    Because the child's world is a world of action and activity, play therapy provides the psychologist in elementary-school settings with an opportunity to enter the child's world. In the play therapy relationship, toys are like the child's words and play is the child's language. Therefore, children play out their problems, experiences, concerns, and…

  5. Elementary School Finance Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Catholic Educational Association, Washington, DC.

    Developed to assist those responsible for financial matters in Catholic elementary schools, this manual presents each topic briefly and simply, taking into account administrators' minimal formal financial training. It is divided into six sections. Chapter 1, "Daily Financial Operations," describes the specifics of handling receipts, billings, and…

  6. Elementary School Principal Effectiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Ray

    A review of research linking elementary principal "antecedents" (defined as traits), behaviors, school conditions, and student outcomes furnishes few supportable generalizations. The studies relating principal antecedents with behavior and principal antecedents with organizational variables reveals that the trait theory of leadership has fared…

  7. Influences Contributing to the Longevity of Experienced Teachers in the Elementary, Middle, and High School Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beasley, Theresa A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify factors that contribute to teachers' career longevity. The study gives voice to nine experienced teachers to help understand the challenges these teachers faced, the satisfaction they obtained, and the opportunities that allowed them to remain at one school for ten years or more. I use the lenses of…

  8. Facilitating Lasting Changes at an Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Laurie

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine how to minimize waste in a school setting by reducing, reusing, recycling, and composting waste products. Specifically, the desire was to identify what steps could be taken to decrease waste practices at a Title I elementary school. Through the Washington Green Schools certification process, a Waste and…

  9. Obesity Prevention Practices of Elementary School Nurses in Minnesota: Findings from Interviews with Licensed School Nurses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison-Sandberg, Leslie F.; Kubik, Martha Y.; Johnson, Karen E.

    2011-01-01

    Elementary schools are an optimal setting to provide obesity prevention interventions, yet little is known about the obesity prevention practices of elementary school nurses. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into current obesity-related school nursing practice in elementary schools in Minnesota, opinions regarding school nurse-led…

  10. Drugs in the Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lerner, Steven E.; Linder, Ronald L.

    1974-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine at what grade levels and to what extent upper elementary school students used selected psychoactive drugs, reasons for use, and availability of selected drugs within the school. (Author)

  11. Sources of Elementary School Grading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leiter, Jeffrey; Brown, James S.

    The objective and subjective determinants that influence the way elementary school teachers grade students were explored. A longitudinal study was made of 213 students in 6 elementary schools as the students progressed from the first to the third grade. Possible determinants for assigning grades included student acquisition of valuable skills as…

  12. Elementary School Philosophy: A Response

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wartenberg, Thomas E.

    2012-01-01

    This article is a response to criticism of my book "Big Ideas for Little Kids." The main topics addressed are: Who is the audience for the book? Can people without formal philosophical training can be good facilitators of elementary school philosophy discussions? Is it important to assess attempts to teach philosophy in elementary school? Should…

  13. 34 CFR 300.13 - Elementary school.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Elementary school. 300.13 Section 300.13 Education... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.13 Elementary school. Elementary school means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public elementary charter school,...

  14. Thomas Edison Accelerated Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Henry M.; Chasin, Gene

    This paper describes early outcomes of a Sacramento, California, elementary school that participated in the Accelerated Schools Project. The school, which serves many minority and poor students, began training for the project in 1992. Accelerated Schools were designed to advance the learning rate of students through a gifted and talented approach,…

  15. New Building Manual, Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Hoose, Richard

    A guide for planning elementary school facilities designed to aid architects and school staff when interpreting the needs of children and the school program in relation to space, arrangement, and facilities. General information regarding school planning, educational objectives, curriculum, and instruction to architects is contained. Various kinds…

  16. Democracy Education in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samanci, Osman

    2010-01-01

    Elementary schools have a significant role in creating democratic attitudes and attainments in children. During elementary education, children are prepared for life, becoming familiar with rules in social life in addition to gaining academic knowledge and abilities. In this article, the importance of educating children about democracy in…

  17. Marketing School Music: It's Elementary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Jill Kuespert

    1992-01-01

    Explores methods of promoting elementary school music programs. Suggests inviting visitors to the class as a means of increasing awareness of school music. Recommends sending press releases to school newsletters and local newspapers. Reminds teachers to make use of educational access channels on area cable television systems. (SG)

  18. Factor Structure of the Test Anxiety Inventory for Children and Adolescents (TAICA) Scores across Gender among Students in Elementary and Secondary School Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Patricia A.; Lee, Steven W.

    2008-01-01

    The factor structure of the Test Anxiety Inventory for Children and Adolescents, a new multidimensional measure used to assess test anxiety in elementary and secondary school students, is examined across gender. The sample consisted of 696 elementary and secondary school students (391 girls and 305 boys). Coefficient of congruence and salient…

  19. Outdoor Education for Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chase, Craig C.; Rosenstein, Irwin

    As a planning guide for administrators and public school teachers of elementary school children, this document was developed to assist in planning and implementing outdoor education activities. The document contains objectives, an introduction, contributions of outdoor education to the curruculum, suggested instructional laboratory environments,…

  20. Learning Electricity in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Azaiza, Ibtisam; Bar, Varda; Galili, Igal

    2006-01-01

    The study investigated elementary school pupils' ideas concerning the concept of electricity and the effect of school instruction on the pupil's views. Pupils of different cultural backgrounds were assessed to ascertain their knowledge in four areas: Relation of certain natural phenomena to electricity; Mental models (images) of direct current in…

  1. Foreign Language in Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chestnut, David T.

    The success of foreign language in elementary schools (FLES) depends upon the cooperation and effort of administrators, classroom teachers, secondary school language teachers, the community at large, and parents. Having stated this, the author points out five fundamentals for FLES concerning: (1) major objectives, (2) sequential planning, (3)…

  2. Selecting Spanish Books in the Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corona, Elia

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author recommends a certain criteria for selecting Spanish-language books for elementary students such as cultural factors, setting, time, age, language and visuals. She also enumerates some authors and a listing of their many bilingual texts, which can be used to enrich a school or classroom library.

  3. Science Fairs in Elementary School. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balas, Andrea K.

    This digest presents a summary discussion of the value of holding science fairs in the elementary school context. Reasons for conducting science fairs for elementary students are discussed in terms of several learning theories. Developmentally appropriate types of elementary science projects are suggested. Goals for elementary school science fairs…

  4. Best Practices of Award-Winning Elementary School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Sandra

    2005-01-01

    Which practices set award-winning principals apart from their equally hard-working peers? Using survey results and contributions from 35 award-winning elementary school principals nationwide, this essential text examines over 100 field-based practices recognized as the best for the elementary school principalship. Organized around seven themes…

  5. Elementary School Computer Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY.

    This curriculum guide presents lessons for computer literacy instruction in the elementary grades. The first section of the guide includes 22 lessons on hardware, covering such topics as how computers work, keyboarding, word processing, and computer peripherals. The 13 lessons in the second section cover social topics related to the computer,…

  6. Languages in Elementary Schools. International Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Kurt E., Ed.

    Ten essays address aspects of second language instruction at the elementary school level: "Elementary School Foreign Languages: Perspectives, Practices, and Promises" (Carol Ann Pesola, Helena Anderson Curtain); "The Integrated Curriculum: Rethinking the Elementary School Foreign Language Program for the '90s" (Virginia Garibaldi Allen); "The Ages…

  7. Signing in School: It's Elementary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luetke-Stahlman, Barbara; Beaver, Darcy

    1994-01-01

    This article encourages hearing individuals in the elementary school community to learn sign language. Suggestions include having students teach students, having family sign classes, incorporating sign instruction throughout the day, giving everyone a name sign, and having schoolwide events in which signing is featured. (DB)

  8. Cooperative Learning in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slavin, Robert E.

    2015-01-01

    Cooperative learning refers to instructional methods in which students work in small groups to help each other learn. Although cooperative learning methods are used for different age groups, they are particularly popular in elementary (primary) schools. This article discusses methods and theoretical perspectives on cooperative learning for the…

  9. Language at the Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antrim, Nancy Mae

    While numerous studies on bilingual education have looked at student test scores, drop-out rates, and parental responses, this study looks at the attitudes of the students directly affected by bilingual education. Interviews with a representative sample of 132 elementary school students (grades 4-6) in El Paso, Texas were conducted for this study.…

  10. Peer Mediation in Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angaran, Sally; Beckwith, Kathy

    1999-01-01

    Minor disagreements can quickly escalate when a child feels threatened with losing face or fears retaliation. Peer-mediation programs can help students refocus their energies while learning communication skills they can use in other situations. The benefits of an Oregon elementary school's peer-mediation program are discussed. (MLH)

  11. Economics in the Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelton, Dave

    1976-01-01

    Fourth and fifth grade students at Bulman Elementary School, Redford, Michigan, learn economics concepts by selling potato chips: company stocks are sold and part of the profit is invested in a student-run bank which has checking accounts and issues monthly statements. (AV)

  12. Bullying in Elementary School, High School, and College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapell, Mark S.; Hasselman, Stefanie L.; Kitchin, Theresa; Lomon, Safiya N.; MacIver, Kenneth W.; Sarullo, Patrick L.

    2006-01-01

    This study investigated the continuity in being a bully, victim, or bully-victim from elementary school through college in 119 undergraduates. Of 25 who bullied in college, 18 (72%) had been bullied in high school and elementary school. Of 26 bullies in college, 14 (53.8%) had been bullies in high school and elementary school. Of 12 bully-victims…

  13. Bringing Science Public Outreach to Elementary Schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, Lucas; Speck, A.; Tinnin, A.

    2012-01-01

    Many science "museums” already offer fantastic programs for the general public, and even some aimed at elementary school kids. However, these venues are usually located in large cities and are only occasionally used as tools for enriching science education in public schools. Here we present preliminary work to establish exciting educational enrichment environments for public schools that do not easily have access to such facilities. This program is aimed at motivating children's interest in science beyond what they learn in the classroom setting. In this program, we use the experience and experiments/demonstrations developed at a large science museum (in this case, The St. Louis Science Center) and take them into a local elementary school. At the same time, students from the University of Missouri are getting trained on how to present these outreach materials and work with the local elementary schools. Our pilot study has started with implementation of presentations/demonstrations at Benton Elementary School within the Columbia Public School district, Missouri. The school has recently adopted a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) centered learning system throughout all grade levels (K-5), and is therefore receptive to this effort. We have implemented a program in which we have given a series of scientific demonstrations at each grade level's lunch hour. Further enrichment ideas and plans include: addition demonstrations, hands-on experiments, and question and answer sessions. However, the application of these events would be to compliment the curriculum for the appropriate grade level at that time. The focus of this project is to develop public communications which links science museums, college students and local public schools with an emphasis on encouraging college science majors to share their knowledge and to strengthen their ability to work in a public environment.

  14. ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ASSEMBLY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DONAHOE, THOMAS J.; MARTIN, RICHARD G.

    SURVEY OF THE SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS, SCHOOLS AND GOVERNMENT. THESE WILL FORM THE BASIS FOR DISCUSSION IN ALL SIXTH GRADE CLASSES DURING A 2-MONTH PERIOD. THE CLASSES WILL CHOOSE A STUDENT REPRESENTATIVE TO ATTEND A CITY-WIDE ASSEMBLY OF STUDENTS TO PRESENT THE RESULTS OF THE CLASS DISCUSSIONS. THE QUESTIONS ARE IN THREE AREAS--THE SCHOOL'S…

  15. Self-Contained versus Departmentalized Settings in Urban Elementary Schools: An Analysis of Fifth-Grade Student Mathematics Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jack, Diamond Marie

    2014-01-01

    Student achievement in mathematics, particularly in urban areas, is a consistent concern in the United States. Research suggests that teachers either are under qualified or have a negative perception of themselves as mathematics teachers. Departmentalization on the elementary level is an organizational structure that may benefit urban students and…

  16. Effective Hand Washing in an Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hezel, Linda; Bartlett, Connie; Hileman, Judy Willis; Dillon, Lisa; Cessna, Tamara

    2000-01-01

    Elementary school is the perfect place to teach and reinforce the lifelong skill of effective handwashing for students and adults. One collaboration between an elementary school and a nursing education program to augment school health services without taxing the school budget is described. Nursing students spent 260 professional nursing service…

  17. Plastics for Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson, Jack

    1977-01-01

    Describes three plastics projects (which involve making a styrene fishing bobber, an acrylic salad fork and spoon set, and acetate shrink art) designed to provide elementary level students an opportunity to work with plastics and to learn about careers in plastics production and distribution. (TA)

  18. A Demonstration of Training, Implementing, and Using Functional Behavioral Assessment in 10 Elementary and Middle School Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crone, Deanne A.; Hawken, Leanne S.; Bergstrom, Melissa K.

    2007-01-01

    The primary goal of this project was to increase schools' resources and staff skills in providing function-based behavior support to individual students with chronic problem behaviors. Over the course of a 3-year period, 10 school teams received training in and on-site consultation on functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and behavior support…

  19. Health Clinic Environments in Georgia Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Susan Rogers

    2005-01-01

    Schools seem to be the logical place to serve the health needs of students, since children spend a majority of their time there. Design standards were not available for health clinics in Georgia elementary schools; therefore, this study examined key characteristics of an elementary school clinic in order to determine the importance of each design…

  20. Rocky Boy's Elementary School (Rocky Boy, Montana).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, James

    Describing the development of Rocky Boy Reservation's American Indian controlled elementary school, this paper addresses the following: Background (the Bureau of Indian Affairs day school era prior to 1960 and the transition in 1970 to a tribally controlled elementary school); Philosophy (equal emphasis on Chippewa-Cree and U.S. culture; parental,…

  1. The Elementary School Principalship in Israel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Joseph

    1975-01-01

    After a short theoretical discussion of the topic, research findings on the status, role, and authority of the elementary school principalship are presented. The findings are based on an attitudes questionnaire administered to a sample of school system personnel and elementary school inspectors. (Author/IRT)

  2. An Elementary School with Parents and Infants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packer, Athol B.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Describes a model parenting program at Prairie View Elementary School, Gainesville, Florida, aimed at providing preventive, developmental and educational services for new parents and their children. (CM)

  3. Online Software Applications for Learning: Observations from an Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tay, Lee Yong; Lim, Cher Ping; Nair, Shanthi Suraj; Lim, Siew Khiaw

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory case study research describes the integration of Information Communication Technology (ICT) into the teaching and learning of English, mathematics and science in an elementary school in Singapore. The school in this case study research is one of the first primary-level future schools that was set up under the…

  4. Fostering Parental Engagement in a Rural Title I Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDowell, Joyce R.

    2014-01-01

    The major purpose of this study was to find out how to encourage Title I family engagement as the school funds were decreasing in the next school year. I wanted to determine how to continue, as well as increase, parental engagement at a Title I elementary school in a rural setting. The Title I program focuses on assisting students who are…

  5. Why Discuss Sexuality in Elementary School?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bickmore, Kathy

    It is important to discuss sexuality with elementary students. Elementary teachers can help children learn to share public space with people who are similar and different from themselves. This should include discussions of homosexual people. One reason to discuss sexuality in elementary schools is that it is already present in students' lives (via…

  6. Highland Elementary School. Learning by Example Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fager, Jennifer

    As part of a series of stories about real-world schools that have achieved substantial success in school improvement over multiple-year periods, this report provides an in-depth look at one school's efforts to improve student learning. The school profiled is Highland Elementary School, located in Salem, Oregon, serving a student population of…

  7. Elementary School Teachers and Teaching with Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varol, Filiz

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to identify the relationship between elementary school teachers' ICT engagement with their attitudes towards technology. To this end, one hundred elementary school students were asked to fill out questionnaires related to their ICT knowledge, usage, and attitude towards technology. The results show that teachers' ICT…

  8. Stepping into Elementary Schools in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Field, Sherry L.; Labbo, Linda D.

    1998-01-01

    Describes the 1997 Keizai Koho Center Fellowship study tour of Japan in which a group of American, Australian, Canadian, and English educators visited two Japanese elementary schools. Compares the structure, classroom activities, and curriculum of each elementary school in detail and reflects upon the future trends in Japanese education. (CMK)

  9. Physical Education Facilities for Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto. School Planning and Building Research Section.

    This brochure deals with three basic types of elementary schools: K-6, K-8, and senior elementary. Floor plans and sketches illustrate specifications for the school gymnasium, dressing rooms, drying rooms, boys' and girls' shower rooms, washrooms, instructors' offices, storage areas, stage, and playing fields. (Author/MLF)

  10. Occupational Stereotyping in Elementary School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurilich, Kevin Robert

    The present study examined the impact of an experience with adults in sex-role reversed occupations upon elementary school children's sex-stereotyped beliefs. Subjects were 68 children in first, third, and fifth grades from a parochial elementary school in San Leandro, California. The adult occupations test, a paper and pencil assessment…

  11. The Image of Africa in Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Angene H.

    1980-01-01

    To support the hypothesis that much misinformation and many stereotypic attitudes are presented about Africa to elementary school pupils, the article analyzes 10 readers for African content and assesses effects of an African content intervention strategy on elementary school students. (DB)

  12. Science for All: Empowering Elementary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plonczak, Irene

    2008-01-01

    This article addresses issues that are related to the empowerment of elementary teachers through teaching and learning science in socially and culturally meaningful contexts. It is based on the analysis of the attitudes and relationship to science of 10 elementary school teachers from inner city schools in Caracas, Venezuela. In the context of a…

  13. Elementary School Teachers' Perceptions toward ICT: The Case of Using Magic Board for Teaching Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yuan, Yuan; Lee, Chun-Yi

    2012-01-01

    This study aims at investigating elementary school teachers' perceptions toward to the use of ICT. Magic Board, an interactive web-based environment which provides a set of virtual manipulatives for elementary mathematics, is used as the case of ICT. After participating in Magic Board workshops, 250 elementary school teachers in Taiwan responded…

  14. The school nutrition program's role in weight management of 4th grade elementary students

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    We are attempting to uncover the school nutrition program's role in weight management of 4th grade elementary students. Data was collected within a time frame for the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) set at two months at the WT Cheney Elementary School and South Wood Elementary for 4th grade stud...

  15. Variables Affecting Stuttering Therapy in School Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallard, A. R.; Westbrook, J. B.

    1988-01-01

    The paper reports on a two-year project to describe factors related to conducting stuttering therapy with 20 elementary school children (mostly Mexican-American) in public school settings. Both the "stutter fluently" and the "speak fluently" approaches were used. Therapy results, scheduling difficulties, and cultural considerations are presented.…

  16. Assessing Elementary School Support for Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Deur, Penny

    2010-01-01

    Increasingly in elementary schools, there has been a focus on the influence of school-level factors on students' learning. The way in which the learning environment is organised in schools and classrooms is likely to influence students' opportunities to carry out inquiry. Most studies have focused on the effects of the amount of schooling, rather…

  17. School Wellness Policy Implementation: Attitudes of School Professionals and Parents in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molaison, Elaine Fontenot; Carr, Deborah H.; Federico, Holly A.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to explore the attitudes and barriers related to the implementation of the local wellness policy (LWP) in the elementary school setting. Methods: Researchers used a two-phase approach. Phase I included focus group interviews with school nutrition directors, principals, teachers, parents, and…

  18. Science for the Elementary School. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Victor, Edward

    This book has been revised to reflect changes that have taken place in elementary science and to present the latest thinking and philosophy for teaching science in the elementary school. The book is intended to be useful for both prospective and experienced teachers to organize and conduct meaningful science learning experiences in the elementary…

  19. Career Awareness Program; Fruth Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Julia; Gaujot, Carol

    This is a report of a career education program, first conceived through a school assembly and initiated at Fruth Elementary School in grades K-6. The format used by the teachers correlates a phase of the world of work with regular school work. Some students and teachers from the Career Education Tech. Center participate in this program as do…

  20. Job Satisfaction among Elementary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Sandy Kay Bass

    2010-01-01

    This study examined teacher job satisfaction as influenced by school factors. One hundred and twenty-four elementary teachers, from one large urban school district in North Carolina, rated their level of job satisfaction. The independent variables were schools factors of (a) academic achievement, (b) student racial composition, and (c) social…

  1. Enhancing Outcomes in School Science for Pupils during Transition from Elementary School Using Cooperative Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thurston, Allen; Christie, Donald; Karagiannidou, Eleni; Murray, Pauline; Tolmie, Andrew; Topping, Keith

    2010-01-01

    This article reports data from a 2-year longitudinal study on cooperative learning in school science. The study reported the effects of cooperative learning in science on science attainment, effective development and social connectedness, and interactions during transition from elementary to high school in rural and urban school settings. The…

  2. Basic Financial Data on Catholic Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bredeweg, Frank H.

    Using the expenses reported for 1976-77 in a government survey, and the revenues reported by Catholic diocesan offices, this document presents an analysis of financial data for Catholic elementary schools in the country. Data are reflected for about 80 percent of the 8,281 Catholic schools in 1976-77. Twelve tables supply figures for the…

  3. An Elementary School Violence Prevention Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheckner, Stacey B.; Rollin, Stephen A.

    2003-01-01

    This article details the implementation and empirical evaluation of an elementary school violence program. The problem of school violence and the significance and focus of the study are discussed. The general research question in this study was to examine the potential for a computer-mediated anger management program to enhance or improve the…

  4. Elementary School Nurses' Perceptions of Student Bullying

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendershot, Candace; Dake, Joseph A.; Price, James H.; Lartey, Grace K.

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess elementary school nurses' perceptions of student bullying, actions when they encounter bullies or victims, and perceived level of preparation for dealing with this problem. School nurses identified the most common barriers to dealing with bullying, which included bullying taking place where the nurse is not…

  5. Variables Affecting Change at Laguna Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockart, Barbetta L.

    After nearly 14 years of non-Indian administration, Laguna Elementary School (LES) has acquired a principal and a teacher supervisor who are not merely Indian, but of the Laguna Tribe itself, making LES the only school in the Southern Pueblos Agency with Tribal members as administrators. At first glance the situation is ideal, but there are…

  6. Contested Spaces of a "Failing" Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kawai, Roi; Serriere, Stephanie; Mitra, Dana

    2014-01-01

    Amid the recent proliferation of teacher-led movements resisting high-stakes testing across the United States, the authors identify how a "failing" elementary school reclaimed local discourse by taking political action against top-down measures. Framed as competing modes of school reform, the authors offer the sociocultural framework of…

  7. Transformational Leadership Behaviors in Elementary School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ergle, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    School leaders face high expectations from society for leadership effectiveness. While it is commonly accepted that leadership practices contribute to school excellence, specific behaviors of effective elementary principals in the local context were not well understood. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to investigate self-reported…

  8. Bullying in Elementary School: An American Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conn, Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    Bullying in elementary schools is a recognized and widespread occurrence that threatens to rob children of their childhood. Part I of this commentary describes existing scientifically-based research on the nature, extent and effects of the phenomenon on children in United States schools. Part II analyzes the effectiveness of bullying prevention…

  9. Latino Parent Perspectives on Parental Involvement in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niven, Christine

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to provide insight into immigrant Latino parents' perspectives on parental involvement in elementary school settings as influenced by the Title I Family Literacy Program (TFLP). A comparison is made of Latino parents who have been participating in the TFLP for more than one year, participants new to the program…

  10. Efficacy of the Adlerian Model in Elementary School Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Platt, John M.

    1971-01-01

    The Adlerian viewpoint maintains that behavior changes in children can be effected by working with significant adults in their lives. This study evaluates the effectiveness of this model of counseling in elementary school. The results on both individual and group bases indicate that it was effective in the described setting. (Author)

  11. Reducing Harassment in Elementary School Classrooms Using High School Mentors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frieman, Maury; Frieman, Barry B.

    A peer mentor program was created and implemented to reduce harassment and bullying at a Massachusetts elementary school. With the help of an adjoining district high school, the school counselors selected, trained, and supervised high school students to teach the younger children how to deal with harassment. The mentors were trained to understand…

  12. The Accelerated Schools Project: Pope Elementary School, 1993-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Windward Oahu School District, Kailu, HI.

    This report describes the first year of implementation of the 5-year Accelerated Schools Project (ASP) at Blanche Pope Elementary School in rural Oahu (Hawaii). ASP trains school staff and community members to transform governance, curriculum, and instruction in schools serving predominantly at-risk and minority, low-achieving students. In…

  13. Job satisfaction of Jamaican elementary school teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodgers-Jenkinson, Fay; Chapman, David W.

    1990-09-01

    This study investigated correlates of job satisfaction among public (N=190) and private (N=100) Jamaican elementary school teachers. Emphasis was on the identification of factors that could be affected through administrative intervention. Results indicated that the quality of school working conditions and respondents' relationships with other teachers were significantly related to satisfaction for both public and private school teachers. School prestige and parental encouragement were also significant predictors for public school teachers; leadership style, organizational structure, and teacher-parent relationships predicted job satisfaction for private school teachers. Implications of these findings for Jamaican education are discussed.

  14. The Elementary Private School Recognition Program: Mike Mulligan's View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lodish, Richard

    1986-01-01

    Describes the goals, the selection criteria, and the selection process of the Elementary Private School Recognition Program. Includes a listing, by states, of the 60 private elementary schools selected for 1985-86 recognition. (IW)

  15. A Phenomenological Examination of Antisocial Behaviors in the Elementary School Workplace

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morton, Cynthia

    2010-01-01

    Antisocial behavior has a direct impact on the public elementary school setting. While considerable research has been conducted on collegiality in postsecondary schools, this study addressed the gap in practice concerning the lack of attention in regard to the impact of antisocial behavior on collegial relationships in the elementary school…

  16. An Observational Assessment of Physical Activity Levels and Social Behaviour during Elementary School Recess

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Simon J.; Fairclough, Stuart J.; Ridgers, Nicola D.; Porteous, Conor

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of the present study was to assess children's physical activity, social play behaviour, activity type and social interactions during elementary school recess using a pre-validated systematic observation system. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Two elementary schools located in Merseyside, England. Method: Fifty-six…

  17. Effective Group Work for Elementary School-Age Children Whose Parents Are Divorcing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeLucia-Waack, Janice; Gerrity, Deborah

    2001-01-01

    Parental divorce is the issue of most concern for elementary school children. This article describes interventions for children-of-divorce groups for elementary school children. Suggests guidelines related to goal setting; securing agency and parental consent; leadership planning; recruitment, screening, and selection of members; group member…

  18. Kissing Brides and Loving Hot Vampires: Children's Construction and Perpetuation of Heteronormativity in Elementary School Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Caitlin L.

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores notions of (hetero)sexuality circulating in elementary school classrooms through an analysis of students' own talk and interactions. Data collected during a multi-site ethnography in a diverse set of elementary schools demonstrate that while curricular silences and teachers contribute to heteronormative classroom environments,…

  19. A School for Parents: An Innovation in an Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nash, Edna M.

    1979-01-01

    This paper describes the preparation, planning, and operation of a parent education project in an elementary school in British Columbia, based on Adlerian theory and practice. Reported benefits to the school and families support the appropriateness of school-based parent education, and the need for trained counselors to facilitate it. (Author)

  20. Refining Learned Repertoire for Percussion Instruments in an Elementary Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Donald M.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine teaching effectiveness in an elementary music setting using student achievement as a dependent measure. Because Orff Schulwerk instruction is one of the most prevalent pedagogies in elementary music education, this study examined the rehearsal strategies of recognized Orff Schulwerk teachers as they worked…

  1. Modeling Social Network Topologies in Elementary Schools

    PubMed Central

    Huerta-Quintanilla, Rodrigo; Canto-Lugo, Efrain; Viga-de Alva, Dolores

    2013-01-01

    Complex networks are used to describe interactions in many real world systems, including economic, biological and social systems. An analysis was done of inter-student friendship, enmity and kinship relationships at three elementary schools by building social networks of these relationships and studying their properties. Friendship network measurements were similar between schools and produced a Poisson topology with a high clustering index. Enmity network measurements were also similar between schools and produced a power law topology. Spatial confinement and the sense of belonging to a social group played vital roles in shaping these networks. Two models were developed which generate complex friendship and enmity networks that reproduce the properties observed at the three studied elementary schools. PMID:23408976

  2. Developmental Bouldering for Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Ray; Fader, Tim

    2004-01-01

    Physical educators have an opportunity to promote outdoor activities to students. In elementary school, physical educators can introduce non-mechanized activities that students can then enjoy in outdoor environments. One of these activities is bouldering, which is climbing or traversing across a climbing wall a few feet off the ground. Bouldering…

  3. Hispanic Cultural Theme Studies for Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arata, Luis O.

    These materials provide narratives about selected topics of cultural importance in the Hispanic world from the pre-Columbian past until after the Spanish conquest. The materials are designed for enrichment of current programs, and can be used in a variety of areas by elementary school teachers. The topics are treated in a story format so that…

  4. Musical Creativity in Slovenian Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rozman, Janja Crcinovic

    2009-01-01

    Background: The Slovenian music education curriculum for the first years of elementary school emphasises the following musical activities in the classroom: singing, playing instruments, listening to music, movement to music and musical creativity. In the field of musical creativity, there are two activities where students can be original and…

  5. Addressing Priorities for Elementary School Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Venenciano, Linda; Dougherty, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    Findings from international assessments present an opportunity to reconsider mathematics education across the grades. If concepts taught in elementary grades lay the foundation for continued study, then children's introduction to school mathematics deserves particular attention. We consider Davydov's theory (1966), which sequences…

  6. RATIONALE FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL GUIDANCE. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    COTTINGHAM, HAROLD F.

    AN IDENTIFICATION OF THE CONCEPTUAL ELEMENTS LEADING TO A RATIONALE FOR THE GUIDANCE FUNCTION IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL WAS INVESTIGATED, UTILIZING THE RESULTS OF RESEARCH AND GUIDANCE EXPERIENCE, AND PHILOSOPHICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND EDUCATIONAL CONCEPTS. THE SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES INCLUDED THE PREPARATION OF A TENTATIVE POSITION STATEMENT OR WORKING…

  7. Elementary School Student Councils: A Statewide Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heath, Jay A.; Vik, Phil

    1994-01-01

    A recent survey of South Dakota elementary principals confirms the value of student councils to children, their schools, and their communities. The principals surveyed noted that councils provide students with opportunities to exercise leadership in resolving problems, sharing ideas, and managing projects. One common community-service project is…

  8. Nathaniel Hawthorne Elementary School: San Antonio, Texas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Educator, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the successful use of Core Knowledge Curriculum in one inner-city elementary school in San Antonio (Texas) that had previously reflected low student achievement, inconsistent attendance, and student behavioral problems. Improvements in these conditions as revealed through teacher observations are highlighted. (GR)

  9. Learning Leadership Skills in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Richard F.

    2014-01-01

    Leadership is everyone's responsibility-even first graders. The most important contribution that any educator can make in an era of unrelenting change is identifying and developing aspiring leaders. Elementary school teachers can embed leadership development opportunities into the classroom to foster leadership dispositions and skills…

  10. Keep Social Studies in the Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brewer, Ernest Andrew

    2006-01-01

    Social studies is essential in elementary curriculum. It is the integrated study of the social sciences and humanities to promote civic competence. Within the school program, social studies provides coordinated, systematic study drawing upon such disciplines as anthropology, archaeology, economics, geography, history, law, psychology, religion,…

  11. Art Teaching: Elementary through Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szekely, George; Bucknam, Julie Alsip

    2011-01-01

    "Art Teaching" speaks to a new generation of art teachers in a changing society and fresh art world. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it presents fundamental theories, principles, creative approaches, and resources for art teaching in elementary through middle-school. Key sections focus on how children make art, why they make art, the unique…

  12. Methods in Elementary School Foreign Language Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtain, Helena

    1991-01-01

    A brief overview of the importance of the use of appropriate methodologies for elementary school foreign language instruction precedes a description of several strategies involving total physical response, story telling, games and songs, props, small-group work, role-play, content-based instruction, cultural and global awareness, language…

  13. Elementary School Teachers' Comprehension of Data Displays

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobbe, Timothy; Horton, Robert M.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated elementary school teachers' comprehension of data displays. Assessment, interview, and observation data were analyzed to determine their level of comprehension. Results revealed that the teachers were proficient at "reading the data" and computation types of "reading between the data" questions, but were unsuccessful with…

  14. Career Education and the Elementary School Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoyt, Kenneth B.; And Others

    The book is designed to help elementary school teachers and administrators understand precepts underlying career education and to give concrete guides for including career education concepts in the daily classroom experience. The first chapter provides background information on career education, its basic premise, promises, and problems; the…

  15. Outdoor Education Activities for Elementary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Connie L.

    Outdoor education is an informal method of teaching and learning which offers opportunities for elementary school students, regardless of intellectual abilities, to learn about and appreciate their environment and acquire skills with which to enjoy a lifetime of creative, productive, and healthful living. Outdoor education can enrich, vitalize,…

  16. Newport Coast Elementary School, Newport Beach, California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Design Cost Data, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes the building of the elementary school named in the title--winner of an energy efficiency design award--including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a case study of construction costs and specifications. Also…

  17. Christmas Program for Elementary School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taggart, Doris

    THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: In 1974 Doris Taggart, Public Relations Vice President of Zions First National Bank in Salt Lake City, was serving on the Free Enterprise Committee of the Salt Lake Chamber of Commerce. She developed a plan to involve elementary school children with a large bank by asking the children to make…

  18. Tackling World Hunger in an Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnan, Caroline S.

    1986-01-01

    Describes a program, developed in a small Vermont elementary school, that centered on world hunger and global awareness by involving students in helping stop food waste during lunch. Community members and businesses pledged money as an incentive for stopping waste, and the money raised went to UNICEF. (MD)

  19. George A. Towns Elementary School. Atlanta, Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burt, Ralph H.

    1976-01-01

    A project testing solar heating and cooling in an existing building, the George A. Towns Elementary School, is intended to provide information on system design and performance, allow the identification and correction of problems encountered in installing large units, and gauge community/user reaction to solar equipment. (Author/MLF)

  20. Designing Effective Visualizations for Elementary School Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kali, Yael; Linn, Marcia C.

    2008-01-01

    Research has shown that technology-enhanced visualizations can improve inquiry learning in science when they are designed to support knowledge integration. Visualizations play an especially important role in supporting science learning at elementary and middle school levels because they can make unseen and complex processes visible. We identify 4…

  1. Video Projects for Elementary and Middle Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyker, Keith; Curchy, Christopher

    With step-by-step plans for 25 creative curriculum-based video projects, this project guide for elementary and middle school educators facilitates video production. Activities that span the curriculum increase student knowledge in a variety of subjects while building video production skills and putting students in an active role with television.…

  2. Geotechnical Engineering in US Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suescun-Florez, Eduardo; Iskander, Magued; Kapila, Vikram; Cain, Ryan

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on the results of several geotechnical engineering-related science activities conducted with elementary-school students. Activities presented include soil permeability, contact stress, soil stratigraphy, shallow and deep foundations, and erosion in rivers. The permeability activity employed the LEGO NXT platform for data…

  3. Landsat Maps in the Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirman, J. M.

    1977-01-01

    Describes a Canadian experimental project in which elementary school children (grades 3, 4 and 5) worked with Landsat maps to determine the feasibility of incorporating their use in the curriculum. Use of these maps was found to be successful in all three grades. (CS)

  4. Educational Specifications: Milton J. Brecht Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manheim Township School District, Lancaster, PA.

    This document presents recommended facility specifications for the Milton J. Brecht Elementary School (Lancaster, Pennsylvania) designed to contribute to children's learning through the application of multiple intelligence theory and more recently emerging brain based learning knowledge and theory. The report examines the grade levels to be…

  5. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in an Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comfort, Robert J.; Daveler, Jay

    1977-01-01

    Described is an investigation conducted by municipal inspection and code enforcement personnel following an episode of carbon monoxide poisoning among elementary school children in a small eastern Pennsylvania community in 1975. The need for a reevaluation of existing building code standards is emphasized. (BT)

  6. Teaching about Japan in the Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cogan, John J.

    1981-01-01

    Focuses on ideas for teaching about Japan which elementary school classroom teachers can use to supplement a textbook unit on Japan. Suggestions are intended to allow for reflection by students on their own culture, as well as the culture of Japan. Topics are children's perceptions of Japan and the Japanese, developing a geographical perspective,…

  7. Comprehending Elementary School Teachers' Classroom Management Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahin, Ali E.

    2015-01-01

    This study intends to determine elementary school teachers' degree of classroom control, which constitutes the consistency in their classroom management and discipline-related behaviour. The major research question was as follows: Is the control approach adopted by teachers related to certain variables (gender, age, subject area, experience)? The…

  8. Solar Heating in an Elementary School

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    Solar-heating and hot-water system installed in elementary school in Virginia is described in 154 page report. Report contains discussion of design philosophy and acceptance-test report. Provides instructions for installation, maintenance, and operation. Also furnishes mechanical drawings and manufacturers' data on pumps, valves, controllers, and other components.

  9. Staying Alive: Social Studies in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pascopella, Angela

    2005-01-01

    Social studies, particularly in the elementary grades, has been pushed to the back burner in schools. Time is the biggest nemesis. Increased attention to math and language arts under the federal No Child Left Behind law is squeezing out social studies. Many states have standards in social studies so teachers are expected to cover the topic, but…

  10. Language Arts Concepts for Elementary School Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Paul C., Ed.; And Others

    An anthology of literature on elementary school language arts concepts is presented. Its purpose is to provide specific content that may help prospective and practicing teachers to recognize the role of language content in teaching. The anthology is divided into seven parts. Part One presents a general picture of the language arts curriculum that…

  11. The Landscape of Elementary School Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graber, Kim C.; Locke, Lawrence F.; Lambdin, Dolly; Solmon, Melinda A.

    2008-01-01

    Elementary school physical education has repeatedly been shaped by the forces of history. Presently, concerns about the obesity epidemic and the low levels of physical activity in children are exerting a major influence on curriculum. Whereas building physical fitness has been a dominant influence during wartime, the focus today is on (a)…

  12. Applied Linguistics and Language Acquisition in the Elementary Education Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Napier Boyer, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to ascertain if the reading comprehension skills of English-speaking fifth grade students improve when they study a second language. The research was done in an inner-city elementary school in Rochester, New York. The researcher provided a weekly after-school workshop in foreign languages for a group of children…

  13. Improving the Education of the Disadvantaged in an Elementary Setting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liddle, Gordon P.; And Others

    Described is an action research program in four elementary schools in disadvantaged areas of Quincy, Illinois. This educational improvement effort focused on parent involvement and enrichment during and after school as well as in the summer. Curricular modifications and enrichment included field trips, development of listening skills, puppetry,…

  14. Elementary school children's science learning from school field trips

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glick, Marilyn Petty

    This research examines the impact of classroom anchoring activities on elementary school students' science learning from a school field trip. Although there is prior research demonstrating that students can learn science from school field trips, most of this research is descriptive in nature and does not examine the conditions that enhance or facilitate such learning. The current study draws upon research in psychology and education to create an intervention that is designed to enhance what students learn from school science field trips. The intervention comprises of a set of "anchoring" activities that include: (1) Orientation to context, (2) Discussion to activate prior knowledge and generate questions, (3) Use of field notebooks during the field trip to record observations and answer questions generated prior to field trip, (4) Post-visit discussion of what was learned. The effects of the intervention are examined by comparing two groups of students: an intervention group which receives anchoring classroom activities related to their field trip and an equivalent control group which visits the same field trip site for the same duration but does not receive any anchoring classroom activities. Learning of target concepts in both groups was compared using objective pre and posttests. Additionally, a subset of students in each group were interviewed to obtain more detailed descriptive data on what children learned through their field trip.

  15. Introducing Ergonomics in Two US Elementary Schools

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, C L; Tien, D

    2003-06-25

    The increasing presence of computers and other forms of information and communications technology (ICT) in schools has raised concerns in the United States (US) and elsewhere. Children are using computers more than any other age group in the US. It is not known whether early intensive use of ICT predisposes children to future injury. Ergonomics is not included in state curriculum standards or requirements but can be supported by some of the existing standards. Some who believe that children are better off being educated early about ergonomics are taking action to bring ergonomics into elementary and secondary schools. This paper describes the process used to introduce ergonomics into two elementary schools in two different states by initiators with two different roles.

  16. Stress Management for Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humphrey, James H.

    Stress management for school children has had various degrees of success. School officials need information about stress and how to deal with it. The purpose of this book is to provide information useful in inauguration of such programs where they do not exist. While stress management should begin in the home and include nutrition, physical…

  17. Burnout among Elementary School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combs, Julie; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Jackson, Sherion H.

    2009-01-01

    As the understanding of burnout continues to be refined, studies that examine school principals and burnout will be helpful to those who provide support to school leaders and are concerned about principal attrition and pending shortages. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between burnout and gender, age, and years experience…

  18. Reorganization of Elementary Educational System and Commutation of Children to Collective Commune Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palonka, Krystyna Maria

    Between 1973-1979, the elementary educational system in rural areas of Poland has been reorganized into a system of collective commune schools; students commute or are bused to the schools. Since September 1973, 944 new collective commune schools have been set up. A study of the data indicates that the process of setting up collective commune…

  19. Principals and School Factors that Impact Elementary School Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gieselmann, Sharon

    2009-01-01

    This study examined principals and school factors associated with elementary school student achievement. Nine predictor variables were analyzed to determine their impact on student state assessment scores: (a) years of principal experience, (b) years of teaching experience by the principal, (c) years of principal experience at present site, (d)…

  20. The Role of Elementary School Counselors in Reducing School Bullying

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bauman, Sheri

    2008-01-01

    In this article, I review the literature on school bullying with an emphasis on elementary schools. Bullying is defined and described, 3 types of bullying are discussed, and the importance of relational bullying is emphasized. I review existing programs to reduce bullying with attention to empirical studies. Barriers to implementation of effective…

  1. Stimulant Treatment of Elementary School Children: Implications for School Counselors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bramlett, Ronald K.; Nelson, Patricia; Reeves, Betty

    1997-01-01

    Determines the percentage of elementary children in the United States who are currently receiving stimulant medication at school. Forty-six states and 246,707 children were represented in the survey. Approximately 3% of children were receiving stimulant medication at school with Ritalin the stimulant most widely used. Explores assessment issues…

  2. School Size and Instructional Leadership of Elementary School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packard, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Elementary school principals face a balancing act between managerial responsibilities and instructional leadership. With increasing accountability and responsibility, many principals find themselves overwhelmed, lacking the time, resources and support to be instructional leaders. In relation to school size, little has been written regarding the…

  3. Teaching Healthy Eating to Elementary School Students: A Scoping Review of Nutrition Education Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peralta, Louisa R.; Dudley, Dean A.; Cotton, Wayne G.

    2016-01-01

    Background: School-based programs represent an ideal setting to enhance healthy eating, as most children attend school regularly and consume at least one meal and a number of snacks at school each day. However, current research reports that elementary school teachers often display low levels of nutritional knowledge, self-efficacy, and skills to…

  4. Portability of Teacher Effectiveness across School Settings. Working Paper 77

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Zeyu; Ozek, Umut; Corritore, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    Redistributing highly effective teachers from low- to high-need schools is an education policy tool that is at the center of several major current policy initiatives. The underlying assumption is that teacher productivity is portable across different schools settings. Using elementary and secondary school data from North Carolina and Florida, this…

  5. A Workshop for High School Students on Naive Set Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wegner, Sven-Ake

    2014-01-01

    In this article we present the prototype of a workshop on naive set theory designed for high school students in or around the seventh year of primary education. Our concept is based on two events which the author organized in 2006 and 2010 for students of elementary school and high school, respectively. The article also includes a practice report…

  6. Academic Optimism and Student Achievement in Urban Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Page A.; Hoy, Wayne K.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was two-fold: to demonstrate a general construct of schools called academic optimism and to show it was related to student achievement in urban elementary schools, even controlling for socioeconomic factors, and school size. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from 99 urban elementary schools in Texas…

  7. Perceptions of Elementary School Children's Parents Regarding Sexuality Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Christine M.; Telljohann, Susan K.; Price, James H.; Dake, Joseph A.; Glassman, Tavis

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the preferences of parents of elementary school-aged children regarding when sexuality topics should be discussed in school and at home. The survey was mailed to a national random sample of parents of elementary school age children. Overall, 92% of parents believed that sexuality education should be taught in schools.…

  8. Dry Creek Joint Elementary School District. Educational Specifications: Dry Creek Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dry Creek Joint Elementary School District, Roseville, CA.

    An Educational Specification Committee was convened to determine the design specifications required for a new K-5 (and temporarily 6-8 grade) elementary school in Roseville, California's Dry Creek District. This report, the result of the committee's efforts, examines school room specifications for each grade level and administrative area.…

  9. Elementary and middle school science improvement project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcguire, Saundra Y.

    1989-01-01

    The Alabama A and M University Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project (Project SIP) was instituted to improve the science knowledge of elementary and middle school teachers using the experimental or hands-on approach. Summer workshops were conducted during the summers of 1986, 1987, and 1988 in the areas of biology, chemistry, physics, and electricity, and magnetism. Additionally, a manual containing 43 lessons which included background information, experiments and activities for classroom and home use was provided to each teacher. During the course of the project activities, the teachers interacted with various university faculty members, scientists, and NASA staff. The administrative aspects of the program, the delivery of the services to participating teachers, and the project outcome are addressed.

  10. Effecting change in elementary school science education

    SciTech Connect

    Parravano, C.

    1994-12-31

    The mission of the Merck Institute for Science Education is to improve the quality of science education during the formative years of kindergarten through eighth grade. To accomplish this mission, the Institute has three primary goals: Transform the teaching of science to communicate the excitement and relevance of science; Reform the education of teachers to instill in tomorrow`s teachers an understanding and appreciation of science; and Create a consensus on the importance of elementary science education among leaders in education, business, and science. Merck has made a minimum ten year commitment of funding and resources to the Institute. The Institute will work very closely with faculty, administration, and community leaders in target school districts to enhance science education in the elementary grades of their schools. Once the Institute`s goals have been achieved in these initial partner districts, the Institute will replicate its programs in other districts.

  11. Voices from the Vineyard: Gifts of Diversity from Catholic Elementary School Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Litton, Edmundo F.

    1998-01-01

    Studies elementary Catholic-school educators, with a focus on cultural diversity. Discusses key experiences in diverse settings, transforming the curriculum, staffing and hiring practices, and the role of parents in student education. (32 references.) (VWC)

  12. ELEMENTARY SCIENCE OUTLINE, A GUIDE TO SUGGESTED CURRICULUM PRACTICES IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KARTSOTIS, A. THOMAS; MESSERSCHMIDT, RALPH M.

    THE COMMITTEE ON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE OF THE LEHIGH VALLEY SCHOOL STUDY COUNCIL REPORTS THEIR WORK ON SUGGESTED CURRICULUM FOR GRADES 1-6. THE BELIEF IS THAT SCIENCE IS A MAJOR STUDY AREA IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, AND SHOULD BE TAUGHT TO ALL PUPILS IN A PLANNED LEARNING SEQUENCE, WITH DUE CONSIDERATION BEING GIVEN TO THE MATURITY OF THE CHILD.…

  13. Political Socialization in Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palonsky, Stuart B.

    1987-01-01

    Argues that (1) understanding of the ways in which children think about the political aspects of their lives has been limited by functionalist views of schooling and positivist research paradigms; and (2) research should focus on ways children appropriate information from their experiences and use it to construct personal political realities.…

  14. Determinants of Elementary School Grading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leiter, Jeffrey; Brown, James S.

    1985-01-01

    Grades given by primary school teachers were found to reflect classroom-specific achievement more than widely valued achievement measured by standardized test scores. The strongest determinant of grading, however, was found to be the effect that a grade in one subject has on the grade in a second subject. (Author/RM)

  15. The Impact of Parental Participation Strategies on Reading Achievement in Elementary Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Regina

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was used to determine the impact of parental participation strategies on reading achievement of students in an elementary setting. The problem is that the identified school fails to implement strategies to increase parental participation, in preparing students for the 21st century. One hundred…

  16. "Superheroes Social Skills": An Initial Study Examining an Evidence-Based Program for Elementary-Aged Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders in a School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Block, Heidi Marie

    2012-01-01

    The current study evaluated the effectiveness of a multimedia social skills program, Superheroes Social Skills for Children with Autism, in increasing the social engagement skills of 4 elementary-aged students with an autism spectrum disorder. This program incorporates several evidence-based practices into one comprehensive curriculum, namely…

  17. Why Men Become Elementary School Teachers: Insights from an Elementary Teacher Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanatullova-Allison, Elvira

    2009-01-01

    Male teachers are in demand in U.S. elementary schools and elementary teacher education programs. The 2002 National Education Association's Representative Assembly approved a measure to "identify, recognize, recruit, and retain" more male teachers, with an emphasis on elementary and minority teachers. The present article reports on a qualitative…

  18. Active Ways to Teach Health Concepts in the Elementary Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gregory, Julie

    2015-01-01

    This article provides three movement-based activities for teaching health concepts to elementary school students. Two activities focus on nutrition concepts and the other focuses on teaching body systems. Diagrams are provided to show the setup of activities, as well as links for accessing materials to help implement the activities.

  19. Utilization of a Microcomputer in an Elementary School Learning Resource Centre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmonton Public Schools (Alberta).

    A microcomputer and hard disk were used to set up an automated card catalog in an Edmonton (Alberta) elementary school learning resource center to determine if a computerized card catalog would help elementary students to access learning resource materials, thereby enhancing their learning. Instead of using a traditional card catalog, students…

  20. Effective Leadership Practices Exercised by Elementary Principals in Turnaround Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tietjen, Jill Deanne

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify effective leadership practices, processes, and strategies utilized by elementary school principals in low-achieving schools as well as to discuss and identify leadership practices as they emerged in the literature. Qualitative methods in the form of case studies of three elementary school principals…

  1. System Thinking Skills at the Elementary School Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Assaraf, Orit Ben-Zvi; Orion, Nir

    2010-01-01

    This study deals with the development of system thinking skills at the elementary school level. It addresses the question of whether elementary school students can deal with complex systems. The sample included 40 4th grade students from one school in a small town in Israel. The students studied an inquiry-based earth systems curriculum that…

  2. Advancing Entrepreneurship in an Elementary School: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heilbrunn, Sibylle

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to introduce an experimental entrepreneurial elementary school in Israel. In addition to describing the organizational process of transformation from a conventional elementary school to an entrepreneurial school, the paper attempts to assess the impact of the process on teachers and pupils. The study investigates…

  3. Small Catholic Elementary Schools: An Endangered Species? ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reck, Carleen

    Although the existence of small Catholic elementary schools (enrollment: 300 or less) is precarious, these institutions enable students to succeed academically beyond national norms, due to the special learning environment that they provide. The recent Small Schools Survey of Catholic elementary schools indicated that classes in small Catholic…

  4. Metacognitive Knowledge in Children at Early Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haberkorn, Kerstin; Lockl, Kathrin; Pohl, Steffi; Ebert, Susanne; Weinert, Sabine

    2014-01-01

    In metacognition research, many studies focused on metacognitive knowledge of preschoolers or children at the end of elementary school or secondary school, but investigations of children starting elementary school are quite limited. The present study, thus, took a closer look at children's knowledge about mental processes and strategies in…

  5. Science in Elementary School: Generalist Genes and School Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haworth, Claire M. A.; Kovas, Yulia; Dale, Philip S.; Plomin, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Using a genetically sensitive design, we investigated the etiology of academic performance in Science in elementary school, and its etiological links with other academic abilities and general cognitive ability ("g"). The sample consisted of over 2000 pairs of twins at 10 years of age from the Twins Early Development Study. Science performance, as…

  6. PLANNING THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PLANT. SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING SERIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utah State Board of Education, Salt Lake City.

    CAREFUL PLANNING FOR THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL MAXIMIZES THE USE OF SPACE TO PROVIDE CHILDREN WITH FREQUENT CHANGES IN ACTIVITY AND A WIDE VARIETY OF EXPERIENCES. IN THE PLANNING PROCESS, SPECIAL CONSIDERATION IS GIVEN TO LONG RANGE DEVELOPMENT THUS PREVENTING OVERBUILDING AND UNDERBUILDING. THE PLANT SHOULD FIT, THROUGH INCREASING UTILITY BY…

  7. Sustaining School Achievement in California's Elementary Schools after State Monitoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Molly

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the Academic Performance Index (API) and Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) achievement trends between 2004 and 2006 of 58 California public elementary schools after exiting state monitoring and investigated practices for sustaining consistent achievement growth. Statistical methods were used to analyze statewide achievement trends…

  8. A Comparison of Parental Involvement in a High Performing Elementary School and a Low Performing Elementary School in Rural Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Angelica Rivers

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a significant difference in parental involvement in a high performing elementary school and a low performing elementary school based on Epstein's Six Types of Involvement. The extent of parental involvement was identified by using The School and Family Partnership Survey Questionnaire…

  9. Republication of "Linking an Apartment School with an Elementary School"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovitt, Thomas C.; Perry, Leslie; Hughes, Stanley

    2015-01-01

    Why not set up a school in an apartment complex? After all, that is where children reside before and after they attend an actual school, and that is where they are during the summers when their actual school is closed. It is also where their parents are after work. And why not unite this school at an apartment complex with the school attended by…

  10. Instructional Utilization of the Internet in Public School Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milheim, William D.

    1997-01-01

    Discussion of use of the Internet in educational settings focuses on providing specific information for elementary and secondary school personnel to increase their awareness and utilization of the Internet. Topics include accessing the Internet; school access; origins of the Internet; electronic mail; discussion groups, or listservs; newsgroups;…

  11. Elementary and middle school science improvement project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcguire, Saundra Yancy

    1987-01-01

    The Alabama A & M University Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project (Project SIP) was instituted in response to a need to improve the ability of North Alabama teachers to teach science effectively using the experimental or hands-on approach. The major component of the project was a two-week workshop. Follow-up visits were made to the classrooms of many of the participating teachers to obtain information on how the program was being implemented in the classroom. The administrative aspects of the program, the delivery of the services to participating teachers, and the project outcomes are addressed.

  12. Computerized reduction of elementary reaction sets for combustion modeling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wikstrom, Carl V.

    1991-01-01

    If the entire set of elementary reactions is to be solved in the modeling of chemistry in computational fluid dynamics, a set of stiff ordinary differential equations must be integrated. Some of the reactions take place at very high rates, requiring short time steps, while others take place more slowly and make little progress in the short time step integration. The goal is to develop a procedure to automatically obtain sets of finite rate equations, consistent with a partial equilibrium assumptions, from an elementary set appropriate to local conditions. The possibility of computerized reaction reduction was demonstrated. However, the ability to use the reduced reaction set depends on the ability of the CFD approach in incorporate partial equilibrium calculations into the computer code. Therefore, the results should be tested on a code with partial equilibrium capability.

  13. Can Eco-Schools Improve Elementary School Students' Environmental Literacy Levels?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozsoy, Sibel; Ertepinar, Hamide; Saglam, Necdet

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the effects of eco-schools on elementary school students' environmental literacy levels. Data of the study were gathered from 316 students enrolled to two elementary schools. One of the schools was determined as experimental group (n = 156) and students attending this school received eco-school application.…

  14. Educational Intervention/Case Study: Implementing an Elementary-Level, Classroom-Based Media Literacy Education Program for Academically At-Risk Middle-School Students in the Non-Classroom Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Draper, Michele; Appregilio, Seymour; Kramer, Alaina; Ketcherside, Miranda; Campbell, Summer; Stewart, Brandon; Rhodes, Darson; Cox, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Media literacy education teaches youth to critically examine the influence of media messages on health and substance use behavior. A small group of low-achieving middle school students at high risk for substance abuse attending an afterschool academic remediation program received a media literacy intervention intended for elementary students in a…

  15. Teaching Astronomy from Elementary School to University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amorim, V.; Pereira, M. G.; Liberato, M. L. R.; Caramelo, L.; Amraoui, M.; Alencoão, A. M.; Reis, A.

    2009-04-01

    Earth sciences are included in both elementary and secondary education school curricula in Portugal because it increases students' skills concerning living in planet Earth. Astronomy concepts and laws are learned to provide a global understanding of the constitution and characterization of the universe, the solar system and the position of Earth in these systems. The Earth in Space theme comprises: the universe (scale measurements and characterization); the solar system (origin, constitution, orientation, dimension and characterization); the Earth in the solar system (movements and forces); and the Earth (shape and constitution). Interaction processes between the Sun, the Earth and the Moon, (e.g. earth position, explanation of day and night, reason for the seasons, phases of the moon) are also studied. It is aimed that the students learn to monitor and to register the observations. In this sense, besides the use of planetarium and field observations using telescopes we also propose the use of internet and simulation software. Our experience reveals that software dynamics studies and online exploitation techniques improve student outcomes since they provide the opportunity for students to develop their own mental models. All these resources collectively seem to provide an appropriate creative environment for students. For these reasons, we are working with elementary and secondary school teachers. We firmly believe that it is more likely to result in a gradual progress in their practices, in the curricula and in long-term improvements in students' outcomes.

  16. Elementary School Reorganization: Looking Back One Year Later.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vann, Allan S.

    1993-01-01

    Evaluates a small New York school district's efforts to reorganize its two K-5 elementary schools into one K-2 primary grade school and one 3-5 intermediate school, focusing on student, staff, and parent reactions. Although the new arrangement created more focused schools, the intermediate principal misses the energy deriving from the Kindergarten…

  17. 44 CFR 7.8 - Elementary and secondary schools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Elementary and secondary schools. 7.8 Section 7.8 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY...) Nondiscrimination in FEMA-Assisted Programs-General § 7.8 Elementary and secondary schools. The requirements...

  18. Investigating Elementary School Students' Perceptions about Environment through Their Drawings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozsoy, Sibel

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine elementary school students' perceptions about environment through their drawings. The study was carried out during the spring semester of 2010-2011 academic year. A total of 429 elementary school students, including 68 fourth grade, 78 fifth grade, 97 sixth grade, 85 seventh grade, 101 eighth grade,…

  19. Juxtaposition of Architecture and Mathematics for Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soygenis, Sema; Erktin, Emine

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses the Archimath programme, which was designed to develop awareness of the built environment in elementary school students, and to initiate an effort to improve it. Acknowledging the relationship between education and awareness of the environment, the programme was constructed for use with elementary school students selected from…

  20. Obesity status trajectory groups among elementary school children

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Little is known about patterns in the transition from healthy weight to overweight or obesity during the elementary school years. This study examined whether there were distinct body mass index (BMI) trajectory groups among elementary school children, and predictors of trajectory group membership. T...

  1. Elementary School Principals' Level of Practicing Democratic Values

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kincal, Remzi Y.; Isik, Halil

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to find out the elementary school principals' level of practicing democratic values while managing their schools, according to teachers' perceptions. The results show that Turkish elementary principals are doing well in having democratic values in general. However, some values were more well practiced or reflected…

  2. Pioneers of Elementary School Science: 1. Wilbur Samuel Jackman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champagne, Audrey B.; Klopfer, Leopold E.

    1979-01-01

    This essay is the first of a series of papers about historically important innovators in elementary school science. It presents a brief survey of Wilbur Samuel Jackman's life and describes his ideas about elementary school science and how he put them into practice. (HM)

  3. Patterns in Student Assignment to Elementary School Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosworth, Ryan; Li, Hao

    2013-01-01

    In an effort to better understand aggregate patterns in the way elementary school students are assigned to classes, we conduct a careful analysis of observed classroom assignment outcomes in the 5th grade in North Carolina elementary schools. First, we model the probability that a pair of students are classmates as a function of the…

  4. Elementary School Math. What Works Clearinghouse Topic Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) looked at elementary school math curricula designed to promote math knowledge and skills among elementary school students (average ages 5 to 10 years). Curricula included in this review are replicable, materials-based instructional programs that cover one or more of the following content areas: numbers,…

  5. Elementary School Counseling: A Blueprint for Today and Tomorrow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worzbyt, John C.; O'Rourke, Kathleen

    This book was written for elementary school counselors, teachers, and administrators to assist them with the development and management of new elementary school counseling programs and with the renewal and revitalization of existing programs. It may also be useful for counselor educators in preparing counselors in training for their role as future…

  6. Balance Sheet for Catholic Elementary Schools: 2001 Income and Expenses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kealey, Robert J.

    This financial report was designed to provide a basis for informed discussion regarding potential forms of federal and state assistance to students attending Catholic elementary schools, and to encourage improved local management. The information presented in this study is based upon a random sample of Catholic elementary schools across the United…

  7. A Phenomenological Narrative Study: Elementary Charter School Principals' Managerial Roles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cetinkaya, Ahmet

    2016-01-01

    This study was a phenomenological narrative research investigating the managerial roles of elementary charter school principals. Managerial leadership practices were investigated under three categories personnel management, student management, and finance management. Elementary charter school principals provided positive feedback for having small…

  8. "Books" Annotated by American Council for Elementary School Industrial Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stunard, E. Arthur, Ed.

    Prepared by the American Council for Elementary School Industrial Arts, (ACESIA), this annotated bibliography of books is a result of their commitment to publish materials that might be useful to the profession. For use in elementary school industrial arts activities, this list was compiled over a period of years with the help of many colleagues.…

  9. A Hot Breakfast Program in an Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neeland, Sheryl

    To determine the effects of a hot breakfast program on elementary school students' academic achievement, absenteeism, and lateness behaviors, a study was undertaken of standardized achievement test scores for 23 second-, fourth-, fifth- and sixth-graders at an elementary school participating in a district-wide breakfast program. Specifically, the…

  10. Saxon Elementary School Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) reviewed seven studies of the "Saxon Elementary School Math program." A distinguishing feature of "Saxon Elementary School Math" is its use of a distributed approach, as opposed to a chapter-based approach, for instruction and assessment. One of these studies met WWC standards with reservations and the remaining…

  11. Saxon Elementary School Math. Revised. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2007

    2007-01-01

    "Saxon Elementary School Math," published by Harcourt Achieve, is a core curriculum for students in kindergarten through grade 5. A distinguishing feature of "Saxon Elementary School Math" is its use of a distributed approach, as opposed to a chapter-based approach, for instruction and assessment. The program is built on the premise that students…

  12. Elementary and High School Teachers: Birds of a Feather?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marston, Susan H.; Brunetti, Gerald J.; Courtney, Victoria B.

    2005-01-01

    How similar to and different from each other are public elementary and high school teachers with respect to selected issues and values that define their practice? The present study attempted to shed light on this question by examining the motivations of three groups of teachers, two elementary and one high school, for remaining in teaching. The…

  13. Physical Activity Opportunity in United States Public Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beaulieu, Lisa; Butterfield, Stephen A.; Pratt, Phillip

    2009-01-01

    Recent evidence indicates that many elementary schools have curtailed recess and Physical Education (Morrow, Jackson & Payne 1999). These finding are at a variance with the goal of Healthy People 2010 to increase physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine physical activity opportunities (PAO) in U. S. public elementary schools.…

  14. Future Elementary School Teachers' Conceptual Change Concerning Photosynthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahopelto, Ilona; Mikkila-Erdmann, Mirjamaija; Anto, Erkki; Penttinen, Marjaana

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine conceptual change among future elementary school teachers while studying a scientific text concerning photosynthesis. Students' learning goals in relation to their learning outcomes were also examined. The participants were future elementary school teachers. The design consisted of pre- and post-tests. The…

  15. A Reexamination of the Psychometric Properties of the "School-Wide Evaluation Tool" (SET)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vincent, Claudia; Spaulding, Scott; Tobin, Tary Jeanne

    2010-01-01

    As a follow-up to Horner et al., this study focuses on the internal consistency and validity of the School-wide Evaluation Tool (SET) at all school levels. Analyzing SET data from 833 elementary, 264 middle, and 93 high schools, the authors focused on (a) describing commonalities and differences in SET data across the school levels, (b) assessing…

  16. Schools-within-a-School: The Kapa'a Elementary School Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piper, Paul S.

    1994-01-01

    This document describes the successful schools-within-a-school (SWS) program implemented at Kapa'a Elementary School in Hawaii. The SWS model addresses the issue of school size and its ramifications. In 1989, the school sought the help of a leading educational researcher, Dr. Mary Anne Raywid, to develop a change model that gave the teachers…

  17. Best Practices of Successful Elementary School Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crum, Karen S.; Sherman, Whitney H.; Myran, Steve

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This study is one in a series which aims to examine the theories of actions developed and internalized by school principals that help them serve as successful leaders in the tumultuous accountability climate. The dearth of recent empirical research focusing on best practices of successful school principals in a post-NCLB nation sets the…

  18. Understanding the Principal's Contribution to Instruction: Seven Principals, Seven Stories. Case #5: Jonathan Rolf, Principal of a Suburban Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, David C.; And Others

    This case study presents findings from a year-long ethnographic study of a suburban elementary school principal. It concludes one of seven studies conducted in elementary and intermediate schools in urban, suburban, and rural settings to investigate the instructional management role of principals. Although previous research offers disparate…

  19. Sociotechnical Narratives in Rural, High-Poverty Elementary Schools: Comparative Findings from East Texas and South India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byker, Erik J.

    2014-01-01

    The article's purpose is to compare case studies of computer technology use at two rural elementary schools across two international settings. This study uses the Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) theory to guide this comparative investigation of how elementary school teachers and students in East Texas and South India construct meaning for…

  20. Measuring Students' Emotions in the Early Years: The Achievement Emotions Questionnaire-Elementary School (AEQ-ES)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtenfeld, Stephanie; Pekrun, Reinhard; Stupnisky, Robert H.; Reiss, Kristina; Murayama, Kou

    2012-01-01

    This article reports about the development and validation of a measurement instrument assessing elementary school students' achievement emotions (Achievement Emotions Questionnaire-Elementary School, AEQ-ES). Specifically, the instrument assesses students' enjoyment, anxiety, and boredom pertaining to three types of academic settings (i.e.,…

  1. Commentary on "Lessons Learned from Leading an Anger Management Group Using the "Seeing Red" Curriculum in an Elementary School"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Sally

    2010-01-01

    This commentary responds to "Lessons Learned From Leading an Anger Management Group Using the "Seeing Red" Curriculum in an Elementary School," E. L. Sportsman, J. S. Carlson, and K. M. Guthrie's (2010/this issue) account of an anger control intervention's implementation and effectiveness in an elementary school setting. The accompanying article…

  2. Achievement emotions in elementary, middle, and high school: how do students feel about specific contexts in terms of settings and subject-domains?

    PubMed

    Raccanello, Daniela; Brondino, Margherita; De Bernardi, Bianca

    2013-12-01

    The present work investigates students' representation of achievement emotions, focusing in context-specific situations in terms of settings and subject-domains, as a function of grade level. We involved 527 fourth-, seventh-, and eleventh-graders, who evaluated ten discrete emotions through questionnaires, with reference to verbal language and mathematics, and different settings (class, homework, tests). Confirmatory multitrait-multimethod analyses indicated higher salience of subject-domains rather than settings for all the emotions; however, complexity of reality was best explained when also settings were accounted for. Analyses of variance revealed higher intensity of positive emotions for younger students, and the opposite pattern for older students; significant differences for most of the emotions based on the evaluative nature of settings, moderated by class levels; more intense positive emotions for mathematics and more intense negative emotions for Italian. Results are discussed considering their theoretical and applied relevance, corroborating previous literature on domain-specificity.

  3. CSRQ Center Report on Elementary School Comprehensive School Reform Models: Educator's Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (NJ3), 2008

    2008-01-01

    Which comprehensive school reform programs have evidence of positive effects on elementary school achievement? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on comprehensive school reform (CSR) models in elementary schools, grades K-6. Comprehensive school reform models are programs used schoolwide to improve student achievement. They typically…

  4. Yoga in school settings: a research review.

    PubMed

    Khalsa, Sat Bir S; Butzer, Bethany

    2016-06-01

    Research on the efficacy of yoga for improving mental, emotional, physical, and behavioral health characteristics in school settings is a recent but growing field of inquiry. This systematic review of research on school-based yoga interventions published in peer-reviewed journals offers a bibliometric analysis that identified 47 publications. The studies from these publications have been conducted primarily in the United States (n = 30) and India (n = 15) since 2005, with the majority of studies (n = 41) conducted from 2010 onward. About half of the publications were of studies at elementary schools; most (85%) were conducted within the school curriculum, and most (62%) also implemented a formal school-based yoga program. There was a high degree of variability in yoga intervention characteristics, including overall duration, and the number and duration of sessions. Most of these published research trials are preliminary in nature, with numerous study design limitations, including limited sample sizes (median = 74; range = 20-660) and relatively weak research designs (57% randomized controlled trials, 19% uncontrolled trials), as would be expected in an infant research field. Nevertheless, these publications suggest that yoga in the school setting is a viable and potentially efficacious strategy for improving child and adolescent health and therefore worthy of continued research. PMID:26919395

  5. Imagication = Imagination + Education: What Fifth Graders Think of Arts Integration in Public Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edsall Giglio, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    During the 2011-12 school year, a fifth grade class in a diverse San Francisco public elementary school collaborated with the Arts Resources In Action (ARIA) program of the San Francisco Opera's Education Department to create a teacher-guided opera. The students wrote the story, music and lyrics as well as designed and built the sets, props…

  6. Chicago's Private Elementary and Secondary Schools: Enrollment Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute of Urban Life, Chicago, IL.

    Nearly one out of every four students enrolled in Chicago's elementary and secondary schools during the 1987-88 school year attended one of the city's 450 private schools. Although frequently overlooked by city-wide educational reform programs, the private schools contribute to the urbanization of newcomers to the city, to the stability of…

  7. Trailwoods Environmental Science Magnet Elementary School. Formative Evaulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seever, Margaret

    This report presents a formative evaluation of the first year's program of Trailwoods Environmental Science School, a magnet elementary school in the Kansas City School District in Missouri. The school serves students in grades kindergarten through grade 5 and began operation in the fall of 1990. The report focuses on the implementation of the…

  8. Libraries in Online Elementary Schools: A Mixed-Methods Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hibbard, Laura; Franklin, Teresa

    2015-01-01

    School libraries serve an important role; however, elementary students who attend schools online typically do not have a school library. This study followed an online school's inaugural year in instituting a library. A mixed methods approach examined data from focus groups, interviews, surveys, library-use records and oral reading fluency scores.…

  9. Participatory Decisionmaking: Working Models in Virginia Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appalachia Educational Lab., Charleston, WV.

    Described are six elementary schools in Virginia that were judged as meeting nine criteria for programs facilitating participatory decision-making by teachers. The term "participatory decision-making" refers to the sharing of decisions on school policies and practices between teachers and school administrators. Information on the schools' programs…

  10. Withholding Recess from Elementary School Students: Policies Matter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Lindsey; Chriqui, Jamie F.; Chaloupka, Frank J.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Recess is a key aspect of a healthy elementary school environment and helps to keep students physically active during the school day. Although national organizations recommend that students not be withheld from recess, this practice occurs in schools. This study examined whether district policies were associated with school practices…

  11. Elementary School Consolidation and Reconfiguration: An Autoethnographic Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winer, Ellen J.

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative study was designed to examine the processes and practices that occurred before, during and after consolidation of the four elementary schools in the Great Local School district with the goal of developing a conceptual framework to be utilized by school districts that plan on implementing a school consolidation or reconfiguration.…

  12. Geotechnical engineering in US elementary schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suescun-Florez, Eduardo; Iskander, Magued; Kapila, Vikram; Cain, Ryan

    2013-06-01

    This paper reports on the results of several geotechnical engineering-related science activities conducted with elementary-school students. Activities presented include soil permeability, contact stress, soil stratigraphy, shallow and deep foundations, and erosion in rivers. The permeability activity employed the LEGO NXT platform for data acquisition, the soil profile and foundations activity employed natural and transparent soils as well as LEGO-based foundation models, and the erosion activity utilised a 3D printer to assist with construction of building models. The activities seek to enhance students' academic achievement, excite them about geotechnical engineering, and motivate them to study science and math. Pre- and post-activity evaluations were conducted to assess both the suitability of the activities and the students' learning. Initial results show that students gain a reasonable understanding of engineering principles. Moreover, the geotechnical engineering activities provided students an opportunity to apply their math skills and science knowledge.

  13. Sexuality education in the elementary school.

    PubMed

    Brick, P

    1985-01-01

    The widespread movement to educate children about child abuse may not be teaching children about other human sexuality dimensions. This article discusses 1) the need for a more balanced approach to sex education than this prevention model allowd, and 2) programs to implement sex education within elementary schools. Kindergarden through 3rd grade children ask simple and direct questions; by 5th and 6th grade, questions are more urgent and indicate the need for a comprehensive family life education program. The author mentions a Chicago, Illinois program for 1st, 2nd and 3rd graders, and the New Jersey Board of Education mandate for K-12 family life education. Among program benefits parents mention when they are included in planning meetings are that children will 1) respect themselves and others, 2) have more accurate information, 3) be free to make their own choices regardless of peer and media pressures, 4) be able to make informed decisions, 5) be better able to handle sexual advances, and 6) that parents will be better able to teach their children about sex. Lack of models, resources, and guidelines has hampered program development for the lower grades. The teacher is the single most important factor in any family life education program. Experienced elementary teachers already have the personal and teaching skills necessary for good sexuality educators, and often after brief training in the subject matter, can integrate family life units into their lesson plans. At a training workshop, teachers ideally will 1) learn the solid rationale for adding the gprogram to the curriculum, 2) recognize, at a personal level, the importance of sex education, and 3) understand their own role and how to prepare for it. Training should give the teachers time to reflect on their own sex education and feelings, and to help them examine their own biases, assumptions and areas of discomfort. The author emphasizes that the elementary school is a natural environment for sex education

  14. An Examination of School Violence and Safety in South Florida Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Jamie S.; Shannon, David M.; Murphy, Cindy

    2005-01-01

    This study examined conditions of safety and violence in South Florida elementary schools. Although conditions were generally considered safe in these schools, approximately one-half of the elementary school students in the study did express some concerns about their safety, especially in school bathrooms and the area outside of their school…

  15. The stability of elementary school contexts from kindergarten to third grade.

    PubMed

    Lowenstein, Amy E; Wolf, Sharon; Gershoff, Elizabeth T; Sexton, Holly R; Raver, C Cybele; Aber, J Lawrence

    2015-08-01

    The nature and measurement of school contexts have been the foci of interest in community, developmental, and school psychology for decades. In this paper, we tested the stability of six elementary school-context factors over time, using a nationally representative and longitudinal sample of schools from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), and systems theories as a conceptual framework. Confirmatory factor analyses and tests of measurement equivalence revealed that six latent factors fit the data equally well across kindergarten, first grade, and third grade: school strain, school safety practices, school academic performance, school instructional resources, positive school climate, and school violence and crime. The factors were highly stable across the early elementary school years, with standardized stability coefficients ranging from .87 to .99 between kindergarten and first grade and from .71 to .98 between the first and third grades. Equivalence in the two sets of stability coefficients was also found across time. Both the magnitude and equivalence of the stability coefficients were robust to the inclusion of five key exogenous school characteristics as covariates in the model. Results suggest that elementary school contexts are remarkably stable over time and shed light on methodological considerations regarding the treatment of school-level measures in analyses that examine links between school context and children's academic and developmental trajectories.

  16. Elementary school quality, the mathematics curriculum and the role of local knowledge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balfanz, Robert

    1990-03-01

    This article uses data from several elementary school classrooms in Chicago on how students learn to calculate, and reviews similar data from a number of developing countries to examine the strengths and limitations of using the mathematical knowledge which students develop on their own outside of formal schooling to increase the amount, range and power of mathematical knowledge which is acquired through formal schooling. In so doing it attempts to reconcile the views of those who believe that the key to improving elementary school quality lies in improving the technology of instruction and those who believe that it lies in a deeper understanding of the mental life of children. It concludes by arguing that the quality of elementary schooling can be improved through skilled management of the environmentally acquired knowledge which students bring to instruction, if this knowledge is transformed through pedagogic and curricular interventions into a set of portable intellectual skills.

  17. Innovation in two alternative elementary school programs: why it works.

    PubMed

    Dyson, B; O'Sullivan, M

    1998-09-01

    The purpose of this paper was to describe and interpret the factors that supported and maintained curricular innovation at two alternative elementary schools. The two schools have Project Adventure as their curriculum focus and use the concepts of risk, challenge, trust, cooperation, and problem solving; briefing and debriefing; and personal goal-setting contracts as part of their schoolwide curriculum (Project Adventure, 1991). Data were collected through formal interviews with the physical education teachers, the principals, and four classroom teachers at each school. Nonparticipant observation, field notes, informal interviews, and document analysis were also conducted. Inductive analysis and constant comparison were used to analyze and organize the data throughout the research process. Five factors emerged that supported the implementation of this innovative physical education program: a shared vision, external support for the schools' programs, curricula integration, centrality of physical education, and shared decision making. Project Adventure at these schools provides an example of substantive curricular reform where physical education was a critical element in the school programs.

  18. The Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational School-Based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training Program on Turkish Elementary Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cecen-Erogul, Ayse Rezan; Kaf Hasirci, Ozlem

    2013-01-01

    In Turkey, there is neither systematic nor structured child sexual abuse prevention programs for school-aged children in school settings. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a school-based child sexual abuse prevention program on elementary school (4th grade) students. Quasi-experimental design with pretest,…

  19. Does Disciplinary Literacy Have a Place in Elementary School?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shanahan, Cynthia; Shanahan, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    This commentary discusses what disciplinary literacy is and why it is important. It then discusses the ways in which elementary school teachers can infuse aspects of disciplinary literacy into elementary instruction. It argues that the Common Core Standards, even those at the K-6 level, are providing avenues for preparation for disciplinary…

  20. Principal Directed Collaborative Planning in the Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hay, Sydney Martin

    2011-01-01

    This study explores the principal driven collaborative planning (PDCP) phenomenon occurring at SUN Elementary School. SUN Elementary is located near the border of Washington, DC. Exploring this new phenomenon requires a close look at the relationships among teachers, and the relationship between the teachers and the principal. This study…

  1. Elementary School Teachers Learning Science Content through Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinghorn, Brian Edward

    2014-01-01

    SMK and PCK are crucial for effective science teaching, yet the amount of subject matter covered in elementary teacher education programs is limited. This exploratory study of ten elementary school teachers focuses on how teachers learned science content from their teaching practice (including preparing to teach, classroom instruction, and…

  2. Two Points of View on Elementary School Keyboarding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waner, Karen; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the pros and cons of teaching touch keyboarding in elementary schools. Indicates that business teachers favor it to prevent development of inefficient keyboarding habits, and elementary teachers argue that it conflicts with whole-language theory and developmental appropriateness. (JOW)

  3. Humanities in the Elementary School: A Handbook for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Lucy

    The humanities, an area of study often left out of the elementary curriculum, is essential as society becomes more global in nature. Because of the time restrictions in elementary teaching schedules, the humanities must be incorporated into the school program, not as an extra class, but as an enrichment of what is already taught. The purpose of…

  4. Applying NAEP to Improve Mathematics Content and Methods Courses for Preservice Elementary and Middle School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodson-Espy, Tracy; Cifarelli, Victor V.; Pugalee, David; Lynch-Davis, Kathleen; Morge, Shelby; Salinas, Tracie

    2014-01-01

    This study explored how mathematics content and methods courses for preservice elementary and middle school teachers could be improved through the integration of a set of instructional materials based on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). A set of eight instructional modules was developed and tested. The study involved 7…

  5. Helping Children of Alcoholic Parents: An Elementary School Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Ruth B.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Describes a program in the Somerville, Massachusetts, elementary schools, designed to help children cope with the emotional distress of family alcoholism and to prevent them from abusing alcohol in adolescence or adulthood. Program structure and results are discussed. (JAC)

  6. Viewpoint 1. Superbaby Syndrome Can Lead to Elementary School Burnout.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkind, David

    1987-01-01

    Maintains that there is a danger that prekindergarten and kindergarten children may experience learning problems (stress and "educational burnout") in elementary school if they are exposed to developmentally inappropriate teaching methods in early childhood programs. (BB)

  7. Validation of Distance Run Tests for Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Andrew S.; Coleman, A. Eugene

    1976-01-01

    The author reports that 9- and 12-minute distance runs proved to be significantly correlated with maximum oxygen uptake and that the runs were suitable tests of the distance running ability of elementary school boys and girls. (GW)

  8. All-Electric School Profile: Washington Elementary Educational Park

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modern Schools, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Existing elementary schools in Washington, Pennsylvania, were replaced by an educational park with two two-story buildings. A heat recovery system and an additional thickness of insulation conserve energy. (MLF)

  9. Elementary School Basal Readers and Work Mode Bias

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luker, William A.; And Others

    1974-01-01

    This study attempts to determine if quantitative and qualitative bias regarding work modes, specifically professional and paraprofesional vs. technical-vocational, exists in selected elementary school text materials. (Author/JH)

  10. Celebrating the Constitution's 200th Birthday in Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burger, Warren E.

    1987-01-01

    The former Chief Justice of the United States, Warren Burger, discusses his elementary school experience with a substitute teacher who taught the elements of government in her classroom. Includes discussion of programing on the bicentennial celebration of the Constitution. (MD)

  11. Behavior Modification in an Elementary School: Problems and Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elardo, Richard

    1978-01-01

    Describes the implementation of a token economy as a method of controlling student behavior in an elementary school. Emphasizes student participation and discusses board issues such as teacher resistance to the program and the question of evaluation. (IRT)

  12. Psychological Disengagement in Elementary School among Ethnic Minority Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strambler, Michael J.; Weinstein, Rhona S.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined dimensions of psychological disengagement as predictors of achievement and teacher-rated behavioral engagement over the course of a school year among a sample of 111 African American and Latino children in 1st-5th grades at an urban elementary school. In addition, classroom and school contextual factors were investigated as…

  13. A Strategy for Evaluation in the Small Rural Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, James R.

    Following inquiry into small elementary school evaluation processes, a system of evaluation was developed which proposes to standardize and make more efficient already existing forms of evaluation, improve communication among school staff on matters of education and evaluation, and insure that all critical matters of schooling are openly reviewed…

  14. Elementary School Summer Program. Title 1 Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollock, John S.

    This study examined the effectiveness of the Title 1 Elementary School Summer program that provided intervention to underachieving kindergarten through grade 5 pupils who were below average in reading ability at 7 schools located throughout the Columbus, Ohio public school district. The program featured group instruction (with many of the…

  15. Impacts and Alternatives: Evidence from an Elementary Charter School Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grigg, Jeffrey; Borman, Geoffrey D.

    2014-01-01

    Despite the prevalence of charter schools in the United States, few experimental studies evaluate the impact of charter school attendance on students in the early elementary grades. Using data from a randomized lottery in which kindergarten students and their parents applied to two oversubscribed and well-established charter schools in Denver,…

  16. Mexican Parents' and Teachers' Views of Effective Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slate, John R.; Jones, Craig H.

    2007-01-01

    We surveyed 374 parents and 82 teachers in the Juarez, Mexico schools regarding their views of what makes an effective elementary school. The survey was a Spanish translation of an instrument used by Johnson (1998). Although both parents and teachers supported most of the factors associated with effective schools, they emphasized different aspects…

  17. Building Type Basics for Elementary and Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perkins, Bradford

    This book provides the essential information architects need to fast-start a school design process and shares what leading architects have learned about elementary and secondary school design. It provides critical information on the process, potential problems, design concerns, and recent trends in school design, along with complete coverage of…

  18. Mandala Mornings: A Creative Approach for Elementary School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Katrina; Mayorga, Mary G.; Ball, Veronica

    2016-01-01

    The American School Counselor Association (ASCA, 2012) has identified one of the ways elementary school counselors can assist students to become successful in school is to offer small group counseling through the responsive services delivery system. Expressive arts, such as creating mandalas, provide a non-threatening approach for school…

  19. Reducing Levels of Elementary School Violence with Peer Mediation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schellenberg, Rita Cantrell; Parks-Savage, Agatha; Rehfuss, Mark

    2007-01-01

    The effectiveness of an existing peer mediation program in a diverse, suburban elementary school was examined. Peer mediation was available to all students (N = 825). Three-year longitudinal data showed significant reductions in the school's out-of-school suspensions after implementation of the peer mediation program. Mediation training also…

  20. One Elementary School's Implementation of Response to Intervention (RTI)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lembke, Erica S.; Garman, Carol; Deno, Stanley L.; Stecker, Pamela M.

    2010-01-01

    We provide a description of how a culturally and linguistically diverse elementary school in the Midwest implemented core features of a response-to-intervention (RTI) framework for improving school-wide reading instruction and decision making. A multi-year timeline illustrates how this school implemented additional elements of the RTI framework…

  1. Physicists and the Elementary Schools--Seven Years Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jakhelln, Judity; Paldy, Lester G.

    1977-01-01

    Analyzes an NSF-funded program in which the State University of New York provided training and curriculum assistance to school systems in the Long Island region seeking to improve their elementary school science programs. Reveals that, although initial program objectives were achieved, pilot projects did not lead to school-wide adoption. (MLH)

  2. Roy Lee Walker Elementary School, McKinney ISD. [Videotape].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SHW Group, Inc., Dallas, TX.

    This 7:50-minute videotape describes the architectural design and structure of the Roy Lee Walker Elementary School, illustrating why the school is considered the most energy efficient and environmentally sound school ever built. The videotape highlights the sustainable, award-winning design features such as the innovative use of daylight to…

  3. Global Education in Canadian Elementary Schools: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundy, Karen; Manion, Caroline

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on the implementation of global education in Canadian elementary schools. Curriculum analysis and 76 interviews at school, ministry, and district levels revealed limited coordination among ministry, district and NGO efforts and little support for curriculum development and teacher training. In schools, fund-raising for…

  4. Implementing Technology at Springdale Elementary School: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Curtis R.

    In 1995, the Lexington County, South Carolina School District 2 began implementing their "Technology Task Force Position Statement" for effectively incorporating technology into the curriculum. This transformed Springdale Elementary School's computer ownership from a few Apple II-E computers for the entire school to one with as many as four…

  5. United States Catholic Elementary Schools & Their Finances, 1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kealey, Robert J.

    Findings from a national survey of Catholic elementary schools' finances are presented in this report. Included are extensive data based on the 1990-91 school year on financing the schools (tuition; parish subsidy; salaries of principals, teachers, and other support personnel; benefits; and finances related to preschool programs). The information…

  6. Arab and Jewish Elementary School Students' Perceptions of Fear and School Violence: Understanding the Influence of School Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Astor, Ron Avi; Benbenishty, Rami; Vinokur, Amiram D.; Zeira, Anat

    2006-01-01

    This inquiry explores variables that predict elementary school students' fear of attending school due to school violence and their overall judgments of school violence as a problem. Using a nationally representative sample (Israel) of 5,472 elementary-school-aged children, this study tested the hypotheses that: (a) young students' personal fear…

  7. Developing Schools of Choice To Increase Learning Opportunities for Elementary School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosado, Robert J.

    A program implemented in a school district in central New Jersey was designed to: (1) create at least four magnet school options for elementary school children; (2) reduce the suspension rate at the elementary level; (3) reduce the student referral rate for special education; (4) decrease the number of students requiring basic skills services; and…

  8. Parental Perceptions of Elementary School Counselors in a Suburban Atlanta School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillilan, Dana C.

    2006-01-01

    This action research study revealed common parental perceptions regarding the role of elementary school counselors. The paper discusses their perceptions and ways in which counselors can better communicate their role to parents. The research was conducted in an elementary school of approximately 1,136 students. The school opened in 2003, and is…

  9. Integration of School Features into Taiwanese Elementary School New English Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chien, Chin-Wen

    2014-01-01

    Elementary school English activation curriculum, an additional two culture classes, has been implemented only in New Taipei City in Taiwan starting from 2010, so only a few studies focus on it. This is a case study of an English teacher's integration of a school's features into the activation curriculum in a rural elementary school. This…

  10. A Qualitative Analysis of Mexican-Immigrant Mothers' Involvement in a High-Performing Low-Income Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Isela

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study explores how low-income first- and second-generation Mexican-immigrant mothers, the largest sub-group of the Latino population, support the academic success of their children who are in a low-income successful elementary school. The specific setting was Roosevelt Elementary located in North Texas. Participants were selected…

  11. Teaching Quality across School Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Julie; Brown, Michelle

    2016-01-01

    Districts are increasingly making personnel decisions based on teachers' impact on student-achievement gains and classroom observations. In some schools, however, a teacher's practices and their students' achievement may reflect not just individual but collaborative efforts. In other settings, teachers' instruction benefits less from the insights…

  12. Families & School. Best of "set."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Podmore, Valerie N., Ed.; Richards, Llyn, Ed.

    Published to celebrate the United Nations' International Year of the Family, this special issue presents selected articles from "set," a twice yearly journal of research information for teachers. These articles look at the contribution of educational research on the relationships between schools and families, and families and learning in Australia…

  13. Instructional Leadership: Profile of an Elementary School Principal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazzarella, Jo Ann

    1982-01-01

    Identifying an instructional leader as a principal who engages in activities that significantly affect the learning that goes on in the school, this article profiles an elementary school principal recognized by the Oregon Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development as one of the state's most effective instructional leaders. The author…

  14. September 11: An Elementary School at Ground Zero.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehmuller, Pierre; Switzer, Anna

    2002-01-01

    Describes what happened at New York City's Public School 234 after the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center on September 11. The prekindergarten through grade 5 elementary school of 655 students was located near ground zero. Emphasizes efforts to ensure students' immediate safety and security, provide rapid evacuation, and move to another…

  15. Ergonomic Based Design and Survey of Elementary School Furniture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maheshwar; Jawalkar, Chandrashekhar S.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the ergonomic aspects in designing and prototyping of desks cum chairs used in elementary schools. The procedures adopted for the assessment included: the study of existing school furniture, design analysis and development of prototypes. The design approach proposed a series of adjustable desks and chairs developed in terms of…

  16. Elementary and Secondary Schools Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

    This pamphlet provides general information and guidelines concerning the application of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act to employees of elementary and secondary schools, as of January 1974. Separate short sections of the pamphlet examine various provisions of the act, emphasizing their impact on employer-employee relations in the schools.…

  17. Authentic Learning with At Risk Elementary School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Emilie P.

    Children who are "at risk" are differentiated by their difficulty meeting standards for school success. This paper describes a model for a field-based component of an elementary education children's literature course involving in-school tutoring of at risk children. The program provided preservice teachers the opportunity to: (1) develop…

  18. Research on Social Issues in Elementary School Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solmon, Melinda A.; Lee, Amelia M.

    2008-01-01

    The social and cultural norms children learn in schools can have a powerful effect on a variety of lifestyle decisions that will affect their physical and mental health. In this article we examine research on social issues in elementary school physical education. We provide an overview of how teachers' actions and behaviors affect what children…

  19. Social Skills Intervention during Elementary School Recess: A Visual Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Newsome, W. Sean; Nay, Stephanie

    2003-01-01

    This study builds on two studies that explored the effect of a social skills intervention on problem behaviors displayed by elementary school children during recess. Findings conclude that social skills intervention significantly decreased problem behaviors among school children at recess. Implications for behavioral management and healthy school…

  20. Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Programs in Texas Public Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lanning, Beth; Robinson, James III; Ballard, Danny J.

    1999-01-01

    Assessed the elementary-school child-sexual-abuse-prevention programs in 89 large Texas public school districts. Surveys examined types of programs, training available, evaluation used, involvement of local agencies, and funding. Results indicated that 58 districts addressed the issue formally, and most districts trained their presenters.…

  1. An Analysis of Elementary Schools Teachers' Classroom Control Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, Z. Nalan; Sahin, Ali E.

    2016-01-01

    The data of this study, that aims to develop an effective and reliable measuring instrument and to determine the relation between various variables and teachers practicing their profession at elementary schools, are obtained through the contribution of class and subject area teachers who worked during the school year of 2011-2012 in elementary…

  2. The Campus Plan: Quality Education for Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Syracuse City School District, NY.

    The concept of educational parks composed of elementary schools was introduced to the Syracuse community in 1966. The first campus was planned for 4,320 children who were to be housed in eight 540-pupil schools. A review of the size, cost, and location of the first campus has led to some modifications in the original plan. This summary describes…

  3. Modeling Elementary and Secondary School Closures through MAM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wholeben, Brent Edward

    Decreasing fiscal budgets and declining student enrollments have forced many school districts to evaluate the alternative strategies in closing certain elementary or secondary schools, either temporarily or permanently, for purposes of consolidation. For rural and other small districts, the strategy of multiple district consolidation (merger) has…

  4. Building Resiliency: Supporting Elementary School Students through Parental Bereavement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Sandra Kerr

    2013-01-01

    This study employed qualitative methods to learn what understandings, practices, and interventions were used by educators from one elementary school to support bereaved children in the classroom and as members of a school community. Educators reported uncertainty about how children grieve, how to talk with children about a deceased parent, how to…

  5. Strategies to Increase Student Attendance at an Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzpatrick-Doria, Geraldine Ann

    2013-01-01

    This action research study addressed the need to increase student attendance at an elementary school. Previously, this school's Average Daily Attendance (ADA) has been 92%. With having nearly 900 students, there are approximately 70 daily absences, 1,400 monthly absences, and 13,000 yearly absences. To address the challenge, the researcher…

  6. Job Satisfaction of Teachers and Organizational Effectiveness of Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knopp, Robert; O'Reilly, Robert R.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between job satisfaction of teachers and perceived school effectiveness. Questionnaires were distributed to teachers in 75 elementary schools in Ontario, Canada. A job description index and the concept of organizational effectiveness were used to measure job satisfaction variables of work,…

  7. Homelessness in the Elementary School Classroom: Social and Emotional Consequences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chow, Kirby A.; Mistry, Rashmita S.; Melchor, Vanessa L.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined elementary school teachers' experiences working with homeless students. Specifically, we focused on the psychosocial impacts of homelessness on students and their teachers. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 28 teachers who worked at designated public schools for family homeless shelters. A prominent…

  8. Creating Inclusive Communities through Pedagogy at Three Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hazel, Cynthia E.; Allen, Wendy B.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study investigated how pedagogy-driven schools create inclusive communities. From the analysis of open-ended interviews with members of 3 pedagogically driven public elementary schools (Core Knowledge, Experiential, and Montessori) in the United States of America, 3 themes emerged: (1) "community and culture," (2)…

  9. Study of Job Satisfaction among Elementary School Teachers in Shanghai

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhongshan, Zhang

    2007-01-01

    Teacher job satisfaction, as an important index of school efficacy, has drawn the attention of education administrators and researchers. In recent years, Chen Yunying and Sun Shaobang (1994), Feng Bolin (1996), and Chen Weiqi (1998) have conducted studies of job satisfaction among secondary and elementary school teachers in such places as Beijing,…

  10. The Career Development Needs of Rural Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Chris; Kaszubowski, Yvonne

    2008-01-01

    This exploratory study investigated the career development needs of 150 fourth-grade students from 2 rural school districts in the Midwestern United States. The Childhood Career Development Scale (CCDS) was administered in 6 classrooms at 2 elementary schools to assess Donald Super's 9 dimensions (information, curiosity, exploration, interests,…

  11. An Estimation of Technical Efficiency for Florida Public Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conroy, Stephen J.; Arguea, Nestor M.

    2008-01-01

    We use a frontier production function estimation technique to analyze whether elementary schools in Florida are operating at an efficient level and to explain any inefficiencies. A motivation for this analysis comes from recent state and federal level educational initiatives designed to improve school accountability and reduce class sizes. Results…

  12. Successful Leadership in Three High-Poverty Urban Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Stephen L.; Brooks, Sharon; Giles, Corrie; Johnson, Lauri; Ylimaki, Rose

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the beliefs and practices of three principals during whose tenure their high-poverty urban elementary schools experienced improved student achievement. A two-stage, multiple case-study methodology was employed. First, New York State Education Department (NYSED) school report card data were analyzed to identify case-study sites.…

  13. Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, C. Richard

    This handbook is the basic accounting document for Wisconsin's public school systems; it presents the means to achieve uniformity in reporting on the efficacy of the Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System (WESSAS). Its purpose is to provide financial information that will promote reporting, auditing, interdistrict comparison,…

  14. Statistics of Nonpublic Elementary and Secondary Schools, 1970-71.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gertler, Diane B.; Barker, Linda A.

    This publication presents the results obtained from the most recent Survey of Nonpublic Elementary and Secondary Education (1970-71). The data included present a measurement of the scope and describe some of the characteristics of the schools comprising the nonpublic sector, and reflect the status of these schools in the 50 States and the District…

  15. Education in Disguise: Sanctioning Sexuality in Elementary School Halloween Celebrations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boas, Erica Misako

    2016-01-01

    Halloween as celebrated in US elementary schools provides a rare opportunity to explore the more tangible manifestations of sexuality. A time of celebration, Halloween is perceived as a festive event for children, being both "innocent" and fun. Yet, because it is the one school day where sexuality is on display, sexuality becomes a…

  16. The Just Community at Birch Meadow Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Dennis F.

    1988-01-01

    Six years ago, students at Birch Meadow Elementary School (Reading, Massachusetts) were polite to adults, but callous and uncaring toward each other. Today, thanks to a "Just Community" approach modeled on Lawrence Kohlberg's philosophy, students feel a sense of school ownership and responsibility for their classmates. (MLH)

  17. Procedures Handbook for Elementary School IMC Clerks. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Christine

    This training manual describes and explains the variety of tasks performed by library clerks in the Riverside (California) Unified School District's elementary school instructional media centers (IMCs). It is noted that the job responsibilities of these clerks fall into four areas with specific duties relating to each: maintenance of the…

  18. Shock, Chaos, and Change: An Elementary School Turned Upside Down

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cantú, Yvette; Rocha, Patricia; Martinez, Melissa A.

    2016-01-01

    The following case is inspired by real-life events that the authors experienced while working in the K-12 public school system. This case describes the experiences of Mrs. Hodge, a seasoned assistant principal who was unexpectedly assigned to be principal of her elementary school. The case follows Mrs. Hodge through her first 3 years as the…

  19. Prevalence of Speech Disorders in Elementary School Students in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Jazi, Aya Bassam; Al-Khamra, Rana

    2015-01-01

    Goal: The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of speech (articulation, voice, and fluency) disorders among elementary school students from first grade to fourth grade. This research was based on the screening implemented as part of the Madrasati Project, which is designed to serve the school system in Jordan. Method: A sample of 1,231…

  20. Children of Divorce in the Elementary School Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strom, Mary E.

    In this document, literature is reviewed concerning (1) effects of divorce on the academic achievement, behavior, and self-concept of elementary school students; and (2) ways the adjustment of children whose parents have divorced can be facilitated in schools by teachers and counselors. Annotations of 40 articles are provided. Also included are a…

  1. Mathematics for the Elementary School, Unit 16, Squareville.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luce, Marjory; Muckey, Roy

    The Minnesota School Mathematics and Science Teaching (MINNEMAST) Project is characterized by its emphasis on the coordination of mathematics and science in the elementary school curriculum. Units are planned to provide children with activities in which they learn various concepts from both subject areas. Each subject is used to support and…

  2. Stakeholders' Perceptions of Physical Education at a Selected Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzales, Monica

    2013-01-01

    The motivation for this study stemmed from a lack of understanding of why members of an elementary school community did not support the physical education program. The purpose of this study was to understand teachers', administrators', and parents' perceptions about the value and importance of physical education at the school. Guided by the…

  3. Consultation in Bullying Prevention: An Elementary School Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrow, Michael T.; Hooker, Steven D.; Cate, Rebecca Lynne

    2015-01-01

    This manuscript outlines a consultation with a public elementary school that was aimed at assessing and strengthening the school's antibullying programs. We gathered consultation data through interviews and observations and also reviewed existing program evaluation data. We evaluated these data in light of current research on bullying prevention…

  4. An Overview of the Environmental Knowledge System for Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xuehua, Zhang

    2004-01-01

    Environmental education should set different objectives for different learning subjects. At the elementary school level, the primary goal is to establish environmental awareness so that students can perceptually appreciate and comprehend how rich and colorful the environment is. In this article, the author discusses a systematic approach that can…

  5. Computer Assisted English Language Learning in Costa Rican Elementary Schools: An Experimental Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez-Marinelli, Horacio; Blanco, Marta; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.; Tong, Fuhui; Stanley, Katherine; Fan, Yinan

    2016-01-01

    This study presents first-year findings of a 25-week longitudinal project derived from a two-year longitudinal randomized trial study at the elementary school level in Costa Rica on effective computer-assisted language learning (CALL) approaches in an English as a foreign language (EFL) setting. A pre-test-post-test experimental group design was…

  6. Truancy Assessment and Service Centers (TASC): Engaging Elementary School Children and Their Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhodes, Judith L. F.; Thomas, Johanna M.; Lemieux, Catherine M.; Cain, Daphne S.; Guin, Cecile C.

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews literature describing truancy and its correlates, and it analyzes the current research on truancy prevention programs. Few truancy prevention programs exist in elementary school settings. This article describes Truancy Assessment and Service Centers, a theory-driven program providing case management services to children in 85…

  7. Report of Television Multi-Channel System in Lincoln Heights Elementary School Progress Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WCET-TV, Cincinnati, OH.

    A comprehensive television (TV) and videotape system was installed in the elementary school in Lincoln Heights, Ohio, the nation's largest all-black city. With the support of industry and local educational television, every classroom was equipped with a six-channel closed circuit TV set and six headphones, at a cost of $42,250. The purpose of the…

  8. Professional Development School Triads Inquiring about Student Work in Elementary Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coon-Kitt, Mary Jayne; Nolan, James F.; Lloyd, Gwendolyn M.; Romig, Gail

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on a case of cross-role triads (mentor, intern, and supervisor) in a professional development school (PDS) setting engaged in the process of looking at student work in elementary mathematics over time. The study represents a significant effort to understand what inquiry-oriented behavior looks like in this context. By…

  9. Educational Leadership and Common Discipline Issues of Elementary School Children and How to Deal with Them

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alsubaie, Merfat Ayesh

    2015-01-01

    Discipline issues are obstacles towards childhood learning in elementary school settings. There are a number of factors which positively and negatively affect a student's behavior in the classroom, and past literature was explored and an analysis of that literature performed in order to obtain a clear idea about the techniques, relationships, and…

  10. "I Never Hear It Talked About": Exploring Discourses of Whiteness in a Predominantly White Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heuschkel, Kimberly A.

    2013-01-01

    Much is known about the practices, beliefs, assumptions, and discourses of teachers as they look at issues of racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity but little has been done to understand how racial injustice is sustained in these school settings and how whiteness operates in predominantly white educational contexts. White elementary school…

  11. The Effects of Social Capital Levels in Elementary Schools on Organizational Information Sharing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ekinci, Abdurrahman

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to assess the effects of social capital levels at elementary schools on organizational information sharing as reported by teachers. Participants were 267 teachers selected randomly from 16 elementary schools; schools also selected randomly among 42 elementary schools located in the city center of Batman. The data were analyzed by…

  12. Technical Knowledge in a Technical Society: Elementary School Technology Education in Sweden, 1919-1928

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallstrom, Jonas

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this article is to identify a technical domain of knowledge in the curriculum of the Swedish elementary school and views on elementary school technology of two interest groups--school teachers and engineers. Gradually during the early to mid-1920s there was increased technical content in the Swedish elementary school, if we look at the…

  13. Bright Lights: Stories of Success and Excellence from BC Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Columbia Dept. of Education, Victoria.

    This document profiles 16 elementary schools in British Columbia that are creating excitement about learning through innovative and creative practices. The schools and their activities are: Westwood Elementary School (Port Coquitlam)--a 1-day "mini-conference" to show students how math is relevant in daily life; Henderson Elementary School (Powell…

  14. The Public Elementary-School Pupil Within the Secondary-School System of the 1890s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macdonald, K. I.

    1974-01-01

    Cites evidence supporting the inference that the secondary school careers of those boys who started in British Public Elementary Schools in the 1890's were limited by selection according to social criteria. (WM)

  15. Elementary School Teachers' Familiarity, Conceptual Knowledge, and Interest in Light

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mumba, Frackson; Mbewe, Simon; Chabalengula, Vivien M.

    2015-01-01

    This study explored elementary school teachers' familiarity, conceptual knowledge, and interest in learning more about light and its related concepts. This study also sought to establish the relationship between elementary school teachers' familiarity, conceptual knowledge, and interest in learning light concepts. Sixty-six lower and upper elementary school teachers in Midwest of the USA participated in this study. Data were collected using 3 instruments namely Familiarity with Light Concepts Questionnaire, Conceptual Knowledge of Light Test, and Interest in Learning about Light Concepts Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using statistical tests. Most teachers expressed high levels of familiarity with light concepts surveyed. The upper elementary grade teachers expressed more familiarity with advanced light concepts than lower elementary grade teachers. However, most teachers exhibited low conceptual knowledge of light concepts. There was no significant difference in conceptual knowledge of light concepts between lower and upper elementary grade teachers, and between more experienced and less experienced teachers. As such, teachers' self-reported familiarity with light concepts was not consistent with their actual knowledge of the concepts. However, most teachers expressed high interest in learning more about the light concepts. Thus, teachers showed willingness to learn more about light concepts they did not understand. These findings have implications on teacher education, and science teaching and learning.

  16. Examination of Principals' Perceptions on School Climate in Metropolitan Nashville Public Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Constance L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the school climate of the Metropolitan Nashville Public Elementary Schools through the lenses of the principals. Principals' perceptions of their school climates was studied using independent variables of principal gender, years of experience as principal, tenure at present school, enrollment size of school,…

  17. The Fusion of School Improvement and Leadership Capacity in an Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigurðardóttir, Sigríður Margrét; Sigþórsson, Rúnar

    2016-01-01

    The article reports the findings of a qualitative case study in one elementary school in Iceland. The aim was to investigate the level of leadership capacity within the school, and how this had evolved through the school's improvement. Information was gathered over one school year about planned improvements that had taken place in the school over…

  18. School/Parent Partnership, Post-Katrina: Lake Forest Elementary Charter School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohler, Maxie; Early, Mardele; Christensen, Lois; Aldridge, Jerry

    2013-01-01

    Throughout the United States, the "charter school" movement is being discussed and implemented in numerous venues and configurations, and researchers have considered the pros and cons of these schools. One example of an exemplary charter school is Lake Forest Elementary Charter School in New Orleans, Louisiana. This charter school (www.…

  19. School Disorder and Student Achievement: A Study of New York City Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Greg

    2007-01-01

    The study develops a school safety and student achievement model, incorporating the concepts of student background, school structure, school culture, school disorder, and student academic achievement, and fits it to 613 elementary schools in New York City, using Structural Equations Modeling technique. The model fits the data well based on both…

  20. The One Laptop School: Equipping Rural Elementary Schools in South India through Public Private Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byker, Erik Jon

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on a Public Private Partnership (PPP) program in South India that provided information and communication technology (ICT) to rural elementary schools. The article examined the current status of rural, government-run elementary schools in India by reviewing reports like the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) in India.…

  1. Eating Issues and Body Image in Elementary School: Detection and Prevention Strategies for School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Springer, Sarah I.; Levitt, Dana Heller

    2016-01-01

    Body image disturbance continues to be recognized in increasingly younger populations. Eating issues among elementary school children have become more overt and statistically prevalent in recent years. Elementary school counselors are in important positions to provide their communities with early detection information and prevention strategies.…

  2. Linking student performance in Massachusetts elementary schools with the "greenness" of school surroundings using remote sensing.

    PubMed

    Wu, Chih-Da; McNeely, Eileen; Cedeño-Laurent, J G; Pan, Wen-Chi; Adamkiewicz, Gary; Dominici, Francesca; Lung, Shih-Chun Candice; Su, Huey-Jen; Spengler, John D

    2014-01-01

    Various studies have reported the physical and mental health benefits from exposure to "green" neighborhoods, such as proximity to neighborhoods with trees and vegetation. However, no studies have explicitly assessed the association between exposure to "green" surroundings and cognitive function in terms of student academic performance. This study investigated the association between the "greenness" of the area surrounding a Massachusetts public elementary school and the academic achievement of the school's student body based on standardized tests with an ecological setting. Researchers used the composite school-based performance scores generated by the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) to measure the percentage of 3rd-grade students (the first year of standardized testing for 8-9 years-old children in public school), who scored "Above Proficient" (AP) in English and Mathematics tests (Note: Individual student scores are not publically available). The MCAS results are comparable year to year thanks to an equating process. Researchers included test results from 2006 through 2012 in 905 public schools and adjusted for differences between schools in the final analysis according to race, gender, English as a second language (proxy for ethnicity and language facility), parent income, student-teacher ratio, and school attendance. Surrounding greenness of each school was measured using satellite images converted into the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in March, July and October of each year according to a 250-meter, 500-meter, 1,000-meter, and 2000-meter circular buffer around each school. Spatial Generalized Linear Mixed Models (GLMMs) estimated the impacts of surrounding greenness on school-based performance. Overall the study results supported a relationship between the "greenness" of the school area and the school-wide academic performance. Interestingly, the results showed a consistently positive significant association between the

  3. Linking student performance in Massachusetts elementary schools with the "greenness" of school surroundings using remote sensing.

    PubMed

    Wu, Chih-Da; McNeely, Eileen; Cedeño-Laurent, J G; Pan, Wen-Chi; Adamkiewicz, Gary; Dominici, Francesca; Lung, Shih-Chun Candice; Su, Huey-Jen; Spengler, John D

    2014-01-01

    Various studies have reported the physical and mental health benefits from exposure to "green" neighborhoods, such as proximity to neighborhoods with trees and vegetation. However, no studies have explicitly assessed the association between exposure to "green" surroundings and cognitive function in terms of student academic performance. This study investigated the association between the "greenness" of the area surrounding a Massachusetts public elementary school and the academic achievement of the school's student body based on standardized tests with an ecological setting. Researchers used the composite school-based performance scores generated by the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) to measure the percentage of 3rd-grade students (the first year of standardized testing for 8-9 years-old children in public school), who scored "Above Proficient" (AP) in English and Mathematics tests (Note: Individual student scores are not publically available). The MCAS results are comparable year to year thanks to an equating process. Researchers included test results from 2006 through 2012 in 905 public schools and adjusted for differences between schools in the final analysis according to race, gender, English as a second language (proxy for ethnicity and language facility), parent income, student-teacher ratio, and school attendance. Surrounding greenness of each school was measured using satellite images converted into the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in March, July and October of each year according to a 250-meter, 500-meter, 1,000-meter, and 2000-meter circular buffer around each school. Spatial Generalized Linear Mixed Models (GLMMs) estimated the impacts of surrounding greenness on school-based performance. Overall the study results supported a relationship between the "greenness" of the school area and the school-wide academic performance. Interestingly, the results showed a consistently positive significant association between the

  4. Korean Elementary School Students' Perceptions of Earth Scientists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, E.; Lee, H.; Oh, P.

    2010-12-01

    In this study, we investigated the elementary school students' perceptions of earth-scientists while a number of previous studies focused on elementary school students’ perceptions of general scientists. A modified DAST and DAST-C were administered to 138 fourth graders (68 boys and 70 girls) from an elementary school in Northern Gyeonggi province, Korea. Four students were selected for each of four categories of the DAST-C items, and semi-structured interviews were conducted with a total of 16 students. Significant differences in the students’ perceptions of earth-scientists and general scientists were found concerning lab coats (.254), study symbols (.116), secret marks (.007), and indoor studies (.333). Moreover, while in previous studies only 9% of students indicated that scientists worked together, 29.7% of elementary school students believed that earth scientists worked in groups. The interviews with four students revealed details of their perceptions. First, the students thought that the objects of earth scientific research developed for a long time period and that the research was usually carried out outdoors because earth scientists studied strata and fossils. Second, the students considered ‘observing’ and ‘reporting’ (meaning describing) the main skills in earth science. Their perceptions of research questions in earth science were also limited to, for example, the formation and the types of fossils and strata. Third, the students believed that earth scientists were mostly young because they had to travel around the world to find something. Fourth and lastly, although the students viewed earth science as dangerous, they described earth scientists with incomplete safety equipment. It is concluded that Korean elementary school students have perceptions of earth scientists which reflect some aspects of the nature of earth science and that it is necessary in elementary school science to consider these perceptions.

  5. 'Thoroughly Good Football': Teachers and the Origins of Elementary School Football.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerrigan, Colm

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the origins of elementary school soccer (football), addressing topics such as: the role of public schools in organized soccer, soccer in elementary schools, the first schoolboy soccer association, South London Schools' Football Association, the London Schools' Football Association, and the English Schools' Football Association. (CMK)

  6. Principal Evaluation in Catholic Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vincent, Kathleen B.

    2013-01-01

    Research on school leadership speaks to the importance of evaluating school administrators. Evidence suggests that involving school leaders in the design of the evaluation process as well as including feedback from stakeholders in the school community as part of the evaluation process can positively impact administrators' professional…

  7. Freedom of Expression in Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2003-01-01

    Uses question and answer format to discuss scope of elementary students' First Amendment freedom of expression rights. For example, does the First Amendment prevent the disciplining of a sixth grader for writing a sexually inappropriate remark in another student's notebook? Answer: No. (Contains 13 references.) (PKP)

  8. Dynamic Physical Education for Elementary School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dauer, Victor P.; Pangrazi, Robert P.

    This guide offers a functional, child-tested physical education program for elementary students. Chapters in the book discuss the following topics: (a) current educational and sociological trends; (b) rationale for the program; (c) guidelines for program planning; (d) organization for effective teaching; (e) basis of movement learning and…

  9. Elementary School Counseling in the New Millennium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandhu, Daya Singh, Ed.

    Counselors must consider social change as they design programs to maximize student potential, personal growth, self-determination, and self-responsibility. There is also a need for counselors to develop, implement, and evaluate counseling programs for culturally diverse students. The book is intended as a textbook for courses in elementary school…

  10. SCIENCE EQUIPMENT IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado Univ., Boulder. Elementary Science Advisory Center.

    PROCEDURES FOR IMPROVISING LABORATORY EQUIPMENT FOR AN ACTIVE ELEMENTARY SCIENCE PROGRAM AND SOME SUGGESTED APPLICATIONS ARE PRESENTED. NEW COURSES OFTEN REQUIRE APPARATUS KITS AS WELL AS TEACHER'S GUIDES IN ORDER FOR THE PROGRAM TO BE CARRIED OUT AS DESIGNED. AS SCIENCE PROGRAMS EXPAND, MORE VERSATILITY, FLEXIBILITY, AND BROADER APPLICATION ARE…

  11. Social Studies Education: The Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jarolimek, John, Ed.

    A collection of reprinted articles, this document examines concepts, values, skills, and individualizing instruction in elementary social studies education. The subjects of the articles and their authors are as follows: (1) conceptual approaches, John Jarolimek, (2) introducing social studies concepts, Melvin Arnoff, (3) problems in developing…

  12. Modifying Preservice Elementary School Teachers' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bluhm, William J.; Hungerford, Harold R.

    1976-01-01

    This study analyzed the effectiveness of an instructional model in environmental education and ecological foundations. Preservice elementary science methods students were tested for their ability to define environmental education and to acquire ecological concepts. Results indicate a significant gain in these areas by the experimental group. (MR)

  13. Suicide among Elementary School-Aged Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Richard E; Crawford, Beth

    1990-01-01

    Questionnaires completed by approximately 125 counselors revealed contact with 187 students considering suicide during 1 academic year, 26 of whom had attempted suicide, and 1 of whom committed suicide. Critical concerns of elementary students identified by counselors included parent divorce, appearance/self-esteem, peer pressure, remarriage,…

  14. Running an Elementary School Astronomy Club: Engaging Children in the Wonders of Space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayo, L.; Odenwald, S.; Lundberg, C.; Dimarco, A.

    2000-10-01

    ``At the elementary school level, children are motivated by two things, dinosaurs and space" (Dr. Harold Williams, Montgomery College Planetarium Director). Yet, many elementary school science objectives include only the most basic astronomical concepts. Some ignore the subject all together in favor of more traditional courses (e.g. math and reading) or Earth science based curricula such as weather and local ecosystems. In addition, most elementary school teachers are unfamiliar with astronomical concepts and are poorly equipped to teach the subject. With teacher requirements increasing due to increasing class sizes, state competency exams, and a back to basics political climate, there is often little room to capitalize on the natural sense of curiosity children have about the universe during the normal school day. An after school astronomy club can provide a solution. In this paper, we present a model for setting up and running an after school astronomy club for students in grades 3-6. Our model was developed at two Maryland schools, Sligo Creek Elementary and Holy Redeemer Elementary/Middle School and incorporates national education standards as well as NASA OSS guidelines for effective education outreach programs. We propose here, a Community Based Learning (CBL) approach with the goal of engaging multiple elements of the community in the learning process including local amateur astronomy clubs, industry, community colleges, parents, and teachers. Methods for using astronomy as a basis for teaching reading, writing, math, and presentation skills are introduced. Resources, teaching methods, preparation guidelines, discipline, and safety are discussed and a list of grade appropriate, hands-on astronomy activities is presented along with procedures and expected outcomes.

  15. Selective Mutism: A Team Approach to Assessment and Treatment in the School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponzurick, Joan M.

    2012-01-01

    The school nurse plays a pivotal role in the assessment and treatment of selective mutism (SM), a rare disorder found in elementary school children. Due to anxiety, children with SM do not speak in uncomfortable situations, primarily the school setting. Diagnosis of SM is often missed in the formative years because the child does speak at home.…

  16. Assessing Student Perceptions of Positive and Negative Social Interactions in Specific School Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zumbrunn, Sharon; Doll, Beth; Dooley, Kadie; LeClair, Courtney; Wimmer, Courtney

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the use of student-marked school maps, a practitioner-friendly method for assessing student perceptions of positive and negative peer interactions in specific school settings. Two hundred eighty-two third- through fifth-grade students from a Midwestern U.S. elementary school participated. Descriptive analyses were used to…

  17. Elementary School Nurses' Perceptions and Practices regarding Body Mass Index Measurement in School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendershot, Candace; Telljohann, Susan K.; Price, James H.; Dake, Joseph A.; Mosca, Nancy W.

    2008-01-01

    This study examines elementary school nurses' perceived efficacy expectations, perceived barriers, and perceived benefits to measuring body mass index (BMI) in students in schools with mandated BMI policies versus schools without mandated policies. Of the 2,629 school nurses participating in the study, 67% believe nurses should measure BMI in…

  18. Santa Fe Public Schools Facilities Master Plan. Elementary School Planning Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santa Fe Public Schools, NM.

    This document contains policies and standards to guide the design and evaluation of elementary schools in the Santa Fe Public School District. These policies and standards can be used for a variety of purposes: to serve as a checklist to evaluate existing schools, to identify capital outlay needs to bring all schools to minimum standards, and to…

  19. Culturally Responsive School Improvement Planning for the Elementary School: A Framework for Justifying Culturally Responsive Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Crissy L.

    2014-01-01

    Silver Run Elementary School in the Millville Public School District is facing a major challenge. Last year's New Jersey State standardize test scores suggested a considerable gap in achievement in special education and African American populations. As a result, Silver Run School has been labeled a Focus School by the State of New Jersey. To meet…

  20. Elementary School Teachers' Reasons for Staying in Their Current Schools: A Comparison Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adrianzen, Luzmila B.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines elementary school teachers' reasons for staying in their current schools, specifically, comparing two schools, one from a low-income district and one from a high-income district. The researcher assesses similarities and differences among teacher's perceptions of these factors in these two schools. The researcher…

  1. Fremdsprachenlernen in der Grundschule (Foreign Language Learning in the Elementary School).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Informationsschrift zur Lehrerbildung, Lehrerfortbildung und Padagogischen Weiterbildung, 1995

    1995-01-01

    This journal issue offers six articles all on the theme of French and English foreign language learning in German elementary Schools: "Foreign Language Learning in the Elementary School: A Beginning" (Hartmut Breitkreuz); "Thoughts on the Commencement of Foreign Language Learning in the Elementary School" (Gundi Gompf); "Foreign Language…

  2. An Exploration of Elementary School Counselors' Perceptions of Students' Exposure to Violent Video Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woody, Tammy Lynn

    2010-01-01

    This study explored elementary school counselors' perceptions of working with students exposed to violent video games. Certified elementary school counselors participated in both an online survey and individual interviews, revealing their observations regarding elementary school children and the phenomenon of gaming. An emphasis was placed on…

  3. Toward the Mark of Empowering Policies in Elementary School Science Programs and Teacher Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mensah, Felicia Moore

    2010-01-01

    In this commentary, I discuss how policy initiatives play out in two different contexts for elementary school teachers yet produce very similar outcomes regarding teachers' professional development and school science learning for elementary students. Ironically, the outcomes that we want see in elementary school science learning and professional…

  4. A Study of Health Education and Its Needs for Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hussain, Irshad; Alamgir, Muhammad Ahmad; Shahzad, Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    Health Education, particularly in elementary schools, appears to be a neglected area in Pakistan. This study investigated the health education needs of elementary school students. The purpose of the present study is to assess health education needs of elementary school students. The study adopted mix approach of (qualitative and quantitative)…

  5. On Everyday Stress and Coping Strategies among Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sotardi, Valerie A.

    2013-01-01

    Elementary school students are confronted with a variety of everyday challenges ranging from comprehension obstacles to interpersonal conflict. Learning to cope effectively with moments of tension is an important part of a child's education because adaptation to stress is likely to influence academic and developmental success. However,…

  6. Developmentally Appropriate Soccer Activities for Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinn, Ronald; Carr, David

    2006-01-01

    The sport of soccer has seen significant growth across multiple levels for the past two decades. Nowhere has this growth been more dramatic than at the youth level. It is estimated that well over 20 million children have some involvement with the game each year. As a result of this growth in community youth soccer, elementary school students are…

  7. EXPERIMENTAL TEACHING OF MATHEMATICAL LOGIC IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BINFORD, FREDERICK; SUPPES, PATRICK

    STUDY OBJECTIVES WERE DEVELOPED AROUND THE IDEA THAT DELIBERATE AND PLANNED TEACHING OF FORMAL SYMBOLIC LOGIC WILL BENEFIT THE STUDENT AT ANY AGE BY ENLARGING HIS SCOPE AND PROVIDING FOR A DEEPER AND MORE PENETRATING STUDY OF MATHEMATICS AND OTHER DEDUCTIVELY FORMULATED DISCIPLINES. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT THE ABLE STUDENT IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IS…

  8. Reach for Reference: Elementary-Middle School Science Reference Collections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Safford, Barbara Ripp

    2005-01-01

    This article presents a brief review of some new school science reference works. Two of the sources are traditional, while one is considered experimental. The two traditional reference works reviewed are "The American Heritage Children's Science Dictionary" for upper elementary grades, and "The American Heritage Student Science Dictionary" for…

  9. The Ability of Elementary School Teachers to Assess Moral Thought.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Napier, John D.

    A published rater manual used by sixty elementary school teachers to assess moral thought statements was found ineffective. The study also examined what factors were related to their assessing ability. The subjects took a pretest using only descriptions of the six moral stages originally researched by Lawrence Kohlberg. Next the teachers were…

  10. Dillard Drive Middle & Elementary School, Raleigh, North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Design Cost Data, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Presents design features of the Dillard Drive Middle & Elementary School (North Carolina) that incorporates daylighting in the majority of the classrooms, the gymnasium, dining room, and media center. The design also uses advanced lighting controls, fiber optic networking, automatic environmental controls, and an energy management system that…

  11. Swiss Elementary School Teachers' Attitudes toward Forest Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindemann-Matthies, Petra; Knecht, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    This article investigates benefits and challenges of forest education in view of 257 Swiss elementary school teachers (1st-3rd grade), by means of a written questionnaire and 15 in-depth interviews. Two thirds of the teachers carried out forest education during normal lesson hours (mean visits = eight per year). Forests were clearly considered as…

  12. Lesson Study as Practice: An Indonesian Elementary School Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suratno, Tatang

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the "practice architectures"; and "ecologies of practice" of LS (lesson study) in an Indonesian private elementary school. It aims at drawing on LS as a form of professional learning from the perspective of contemporary practice theory (Kemmis, Wilkinson, Hardy, & Edwards-Groves, 2009; Kemmis, 2009a, 2009b). This case study…

  13. Current and Future Directions in Elementary School Drug Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, William B.

    2010-01-01

    Drug prevention efforts in elementary schools are widespread. Nonetheless, there are clear challenges that both researchers and practitioners face. Because there may be occasional unintended negative outcomes--statistically these are guaranteed--does not mean all prevention efforts should grind to a halt. It is far better that any observed…

  14. Fractions in Adult's Elementary School: The Case of Lucina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Marta Elena Valdemoros

    2004-01-01

    The case of Lucina must be placed at a level of a partial advance achieved in the development of an exhaustive qualitative research recently conclude in a night elementary school of Mexico City, an institution that provides young people and adults with academic formation. The research problem herein discussed is the enrichment of semantic and…

  15. Revisiting the Trust Effect in Urban Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Curt M.; Forsyth, Patrick B.

    2013-01-01

    More than a decade after Goddard, Tschannen-Moran, and Hoy (2001) found that collective faculty trust in clients predicts student achievement in urban elementary schools, we sought to identify a plausible link for this relationship. Our purpose in revisiting the trust effect was twofold: (1) to test the main effect of collective faculty trust on…

  16. A Multi-Media Approach to Teaching Elementary School Gymnastics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annarino, Anthony A.; And Others

    The introduction of the open classroom concept, individualized instruction, independent study, use of technology, and other innovations provide supportive evidence that there may be new ways to minimize the limitations imposed on elementary school physical education programs by teachers, students' ability, or facilities. In view of this, a…

  17. Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions of Departmentalization of Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Fuchang

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of departmentalization of elementary schools, with an emphasis on teaching mathematics, as perceived by preservice teachers who shared their opinions through online discussion. Advantages include teachers' enthusiasm about and focused attention on the specialized area and students' easier…

  18. Space Station Freedom. An Activity Book for Elementary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

    This booklet was prepared by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for use by teachers in the classroom or by parents at home. The descriptions, classroom activities and illustrations are designed for elementary-level school children. On each right-hand page is a simple line drawing that illustrates the narrative and the…

  19. The Working Situation of Elementary School Teachers Explored through Diaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elklit, Ask; Friis, Tove

    1979-01-01

    Daily work flows of Danish elementary school teachers were examined through self-report diaries. Data are presented on percentage of time per week spent on different tasks, types and numbers of personal contacts, and location of work activities. The relative isolation of each teacher and other findings are discussed. (SJL)

  20. Dutch Elementary School Children's Attribution of Meaning to Written Pseudowords

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tellings, Agnes; Bouts, Lex

    2011-01-01

    Grade two through six elementary school Dutch children were asked to perform a lexical decision task including 90 pseudowords constructed by changing one or two letters in a Dutch word. Subsequently, the children were asked about the meaning of pseudowords they had not crossed out and that they, apparently, had considered to be words. Multiple…

  1. Differentiated Instruction in an Elementary School EFL Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chien, Chin-Wen

    2012-01-01

    Elementary school English teachers in Taiwan face classes of students with differing levels of English proficiency, to the point where about one-third of the students may have never learned English before, and another third may already have read Harry Potter in English. A successful teacher recognizes that diversity may affect learning and works…

  2. School Science Constrained: Print Experiences in Two Elementary Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowell, Patricia M.; Ebbers, Margaretha

    2004-01-01

    Little is known about the ways in which teachers in elementary classrooms scaffold opportunities for students to engage with print resources during science inquiry lessons. Case studies have been conducted in two Grade 6 classrooms in a school jurisdiction which does not mandate use of a textbook. Inquiry-oriented instructional materials for…

  3. The Impact of Interactive Storybook on Elementary School Students' Recall

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seyit, Ertem Ihsan

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of animated interactive storybook on elementary school students' recall. This experiment utilized 77 fourth grade students in three groups. Each student was randomly assigned with one of the three conditions: (1) computer presentation of interactive storybooks with animation; (2) computer presentation of…

  4. The Occurrence of Analogies in Elementary School Science Books.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Lynn D.

    2003-01-01

    Investigates the extent to which analogies in instructional science books are provided by authors. Eighty texts available from commercial publishers and intended for use in the elementary school classroom were analyzed. It was found that most of the books did not offer many analogies and fewer than those for older students. (Contains 49…

  5. Inquire Learning Effects to Elementary School Students' Nanotechnology Instructions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Yueh-Yun; Lu, Chow-Chin; Sung, Chia-Chi

    2012-01-01

    Nanotechnology is an emerging science that involved in different fields. This research inquired elementary school students' learning effect by using quasi-experiment, expositive-teaching and experiential-teaching methods for nanotechnology in the microcosmic world. By utilized the pretest "Nanotechnology Situational Questionnaire (NSQ)", we have…

  6. Basic Calculation Proficiency and Mathematics Achievement in Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Richard; Donlan, Chris; Shepherd, Donna-Lynn; Cole-Fletcher, Rachel; Saxton, Matthew; Hurry, Jane

    2011-01-01

    The relation between skill in simple addition and subtraction and more general math achievement in elementary school is well established but not understood. Both the intrinsic importance of skill in simple calculation for math and the influence of conceptual knowledge and cognitive factors (working memory, processing speed, oral language) on…

  7. Perceptions of Elementary School Teachers Concerning the Concept of Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yurdakul, Bunyamin

    2015-01-01

    As the meaning that teachers attribute to curriculum includes important data concerning curriculum development as well as affects their teaching process, this study investigated the perceptions of elementary school teachers regarding the concept of curriculum. The participants of the study, which was carried out using the phenomenological design,…

  8. The Human-Animal Bond and the Elementary School Counselor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebbe, Linda Lloyd

    1991-01-01

    Discusses research on the significance of the human-animal relationship among various populations (elderly, children, business executives, displaced children, institutionalized children, juvenile offenders, and emotionally disturbed children). Describes experiences of incorporating the human-animal bond into an elementary school guidance and…

  9. Consulting for Improved Self Perceptions of Elementary School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Jeannette A.; MacDougall, Mary Ann

    This paper investigated the consulting role of the elementary school counselor. A six-week training program was instituted which allows teachers to examine their own classroom behaviors through observing and analyzing video-tapes. An evaluation of the program impact on the pupil population indicated significant and positive mean gains in self…

  10. Speech Activities in the Elementary School, MSA Curriculum Guide 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, Deldee M., Ed.; Ratliffe, Sharon A., Ed.

    A revised edition of the 1968 Michigan Speech Association (MSA) curriculum guide (ED 026 392), this volume is intended to provide the elementary school student with instruction in listening and speaking. Units on listening, conversation, nonverbal communication, discussion, informal drama, reading aloud, story telling, giving talks, and speech…

  11. Elementary School Children's Perception of Helpers and Their Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bachman, Randall W.

    1975-01-01

    Data suggest that family members, especially mothers, are primary sources of help for elementary school children who want to discuss problems. This is more true with younger children than with older ones. Moreover, children consider warmth, trust and understanding as the main characteristics of helping persons. (Author/SE)

  12. The Development of Health-Education Curricula in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Linda Eva

    2013-01-01

    This project study addressed the problem of teachers at a local elementary school site attempting to implement a standards-based health initiative with a minimal amount of instructional strategies designed to support the new curriculum. The purpose of the study was to examine current health instruction by gathering teachers' perceptions and lived…

  13. Development of Heuristic Bias Detection in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Neys, Wim; Feremans, Vicky

    2013-01-01

    Although human reasoning is often biased by intuitive heuristics, recent studies have shown that adults and adolescents detect the biased nature of their judgments. The present study focused on the development of this critical bias sensitivity by examining the detection skills of young children in elementary school. Third and 6th graders were…

  14. Public School Choice. Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    To achieve President Obama's stated goal of making increased expectations for students and schools a national priority, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA"). The new "ESEA" will support effective public school…

  15. Exploring Categorical Body Mass Index Trajectories in Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moreno-Black, Geraldine; Boles, Shawn; Johnson-Shelton, Deb; Evers, Cody

    2016-01-01

    Background: Studies of body mass index (BMI) change have focused on understanding growth trajectories from childhood to adolescence and adolescence to adulthood, but few have explored BMI trajectories solely in elementary (grades K-5) school children. This report complements these studies by exploring changes in obesity status using analytic…

  16. Seasonal variability in weight change during elementary school

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Seasonal variation in weight gain across elementary school (kindergarten-5th grade) was examined among children who were healthy weight, overweight, or obese and from different racial and ethnic groups. The sample included 7,599 ethnically diverse students ages 5-7 years at baseline (Caucasian: 21.1...

  17. Exploring the Use of Online Space in an Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lye, Sze Yee; Abas, Suriati; Tay, Lee Yong; Saban, Fadilah

    2012-01-01

    This paper analysed how three teacher-researchers of Singapore's elementary school used online space extensively in Grade 2-Grade 4 classrooms. Such online space, made possible by free and readily available web 2.0 and open source applications, was meant to complement the physical learning space as such space can allow learning activities, which…

  18. I Compagni: Understanding Children's Transition from Preschool to Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corsaro, William A.; Molinari, Luisa

    2006-01-01

    What happens when children in creative, Reggio-like preschools go to a more traditional elementary school? In this book, William Corsaro and his Italian coauthor, Luisa Molinari, tell a complete and important story about the lives of children as they grow from young preschoolers to preadolescents in Modena, Italy. The authors both explore and…

  19. Preschool Predictors of Narrative Writing Skills in Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hooper, Stephen R.; Roberts, Joanne E.; Nelson, Lauren; Zeisel, Susan; Kasambira Fannin, Danai

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the preschool predictors of elementary school narrative writing skills. The sample included 65 typically developing African American children, ranging in age from 5.0 to 5.5 years, and was 44.6% male. Targeted preschool predictors included measures of phonological processing, core language abilities, prereading skills, and…

  20. Formative Evaluation of Elementary School Pre-Service Science Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horak, Willis J.; Blecha, Milo K.

    Evaluations of the preservice science education program for elementary school teachers at the University of Arizona, Tucson, are discussed. The evaluations of the program are in the areas of course structure and organization, and students' attitudes and overall knowledge of the science processes. (CP)

  1. Discovering Animal Ways, Elementary School Science, Level Three, Teaching Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, Helen E.

    This pilot teaching unit is one of a series developed for use in elementary school science programs. This unit is designed to promote children's natural curiosity and to help those who show a reluctance to work with animals to overcome some of their fears. The student activities employ important scientific processes, such as observation,…

  2. Elementary School Garden Programs Enhance Science Education for All Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rye, James A.; Selmer, Sarah J.; Pennington, Sara; Vanhorn, Laura; Fox, Sarah; Kane, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    A national movement is underway to establish elementary school gardens, which can serve both academic and social purposes. These gardens can positively impact students' science achievement and provide the thematic and hands-on approach especially conducive to learning for students with disabilities. Garden-based learning (GBL) broadens the scope…

  3. Nutritional Supplementation of Disadvantaged Elementary-School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paige, David M.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    Examined with 177 disadvantaged elementary school students (5-9 years old, 99 percent Blacks) were the effects of the provision of a nutritionally fortified low-lactose food supplement on hematocrit values (volume percentage of erythrocytes in whole blood), growth, absenteeism, and lunch consumption. (IM)

  4. Research on the Outcomes of Elementary School Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shephard, Roy J.; Trudeau, Francois

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of objective assessments of the short- and long-term outcomes of elementary school physical education programs. Evaluations have used a variety of designs, including longitudinal and tracking studies as well as correlational analyses. The short-term effect of physical education on health and…

  5. Using Stories in Elementary School Counseling: Brief, Narrative Techniques

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eppler, Christie; Olsen, Jacob A.; Hidano, Lory

    2009-01-01

    This article describes using stories and story-telling techniques so that elementary professional school counselors can facilitate brief, narrative counseling. These approaches help counselors and students build rapport while assisting in understanding and externalizing the problem. Additionally, these interventions may help generate ideas for…

  6. Elementary School Technology Education. 46th Yearbook, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirkwood, James J., Ed.; Foster, Patrick N., Ed.

    This yearbook explores the relationship between elementary school technology education (ESTE) and the traditional subjects of the curriculum, reports on methods of ESTE implementation, and describes roles of teacher preparation and inservice professional development activities for promoting ESTE. Contents include an introductory chapter; 11…

  7. An Outline for Teaching Conservation in Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

    Outlined in this guide is an approach to the teaching of environmental conservation as an integral part of all subjects in the elementary school curriculum. It stresses the relationship between man and his physical-biological environment in a social-cultural context. Field study is encouraged while emphasis is given to providing opportunities for…

  8. Intercultural Awareness in Rural Title 1 Elementary School Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leventhal, Mary Wilson

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine cultural dissonance between teachers and students with its implications for student achievement in a rural Title 1 elementary school. Most U.S. teachers share a White, monolingual, middle-class, female teaching culture that is a mismatch with their increasingly multicultural student population. That problem…

  9. The Hispanic-Asian Achievement Gap in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Lina Maria

    2012-01-01

    There is little research of Hispanic and Asian children's educational outcomes; in particular, the achievement gap between these two racial/ethnic groups has not been fully explored. The objective of this investigation is to analyze the Hispanic-Asian achievement gap in elementary school using the ECLS-K, a longitudinal nationally…

  10. References on Foreign Languages in the Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keesee, Elizabeth, Comp.

    A list of materials for use in foreign language instruction in the elementary school groups these materials by language with subgroupings under such headings as: (1) teacher materials; (2) student texts and readers; (3) children's books for native speakers; (4) disc and tape recordings; (5) film materials; and (6) songs, games and charts. The…

  11. Energy Management System Successful in Indiana Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Business Affairs, 1984

    1984-01-01

    The new Oregon-Davis Elementary School in rural Indiana embodies state-of-the-art energy management. Its environmental systems include thorough insulation, dual heating and cooling equipment for flexible loads, and decentralized computer controls. A heat recovery unit and variable-air-volume discharge ducts also contribute to conservation. (MCG)

  12. Christmas and Easter Art Programs in Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncum, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Describes art programs that were given at several elementary Australian schools focusing on Christmas and Easter. Explains that the programs are based on the accounts of the birth and death of Jesus given in the Bible. States that the programs integrate studio art, art criticism, and art history. (CMK)

  13. Children and Writing in the Elementary School: Theories and Techniques.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Richard L.

    The essays in this volume have been collected to provide classroom teachers with materials from leading theorists in the United States and Great Britian which deals with the teaching of written composition in the elementary school (grades 1-8). These essays are presented in one of five categories: theories of written discourse and theories on the…

  14. Conflict Resolution Using Mediation Skills in the Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuart, Lora Alexa

    While conflict resolution programs in the elementary schools have been in existence for the last decade, few studies have provided quantitative data concerning the effectiveness of such programs. A study was conducted which used interviews and surveys to focus on the development, implementation, and results of a Conflict Manager program at one…

  15. Models for Curriculum and Pedagogy in Elementary School Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kulinna, Pamela Hodges

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to review current models for curriculum and pedagogy used in elementary school physical education programs. Historically, physical educators have developed and used a multiactivity curriculum in order to educate students through physical movement. More recently, a variety of alternative curricular models have been…

  16. Cognitive Structures of Elementary School Students: What Is Science?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armagan, Fulya Öner

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine the change in the cognitive structures of elementary school students in respect to the concept of science through word association test in a constructivist approach based project. The study was conducted with 50 students attending to 6th and 7th grades. Students were applied a 90-minute activity in scope of the…

  17. Pathways to Aggression in Urban Elementary School Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozkol, Hivren; Zucker, Marla; Spinazzola, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the pathways from violence exposure to aggressive behaviors in urban, elementary school youth. We utilized structural equation modeling to examine putative causal pathways between children's exposure to violence, development of posttraumatic stress symptoms, permissive attitudes towards violence, and engagement in aggressive…

  18. Literacy Development in Elementary School Second-Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    August, Diane; Snow, Catherine; Carlo, Maria; Proctor, C. Patrick; Rolla de San Francisco, Andrea; Duursma, Elisabeth; Szuber, Anna

    2006-01-01

    This article describes a series of studies that examine the development of literacy in elementary school Spanish-speaking second-language learners. Findings from the research that addresses our first question-regarding cross-language relationships-indicate that first-language reading skills are related to second-language reading skills, but that…

  19. A Suggested Approach to the Elementary School Science Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipson, Joseph I.

    The author describes a comprehensive science program for the elementary school. The program should include six components: (1) The story of the great generalizing constructs of science, such as the atom, the universe, the layers of the earth, and evolution--even though the students do not have the observational evidence to support the constructs;…

  20. Off-Task Behavior in Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Godwin, Karrie E; Almeda, Ma V.; Seltman, Howard; Kai, Shimin; Skerbetz, Mandi D.; Baker, Ryan S.; Fisher, Anna V.

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports results from a large-scale observational study investigating attention allocation during instructional activities in elementary school students (kindergarten through fourth-grade). In Study 1, 22 classrooms participated while a more diverse sample of 30 classrooms participated in Study 2. This work investigated temporal patterns…

  1. Health Behaviors of Elementary School Children in Rural Southern Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarvela, Paul D.; Monge, Eduardo A.

    1999-01-01

    A study of patterns of health behavior among rural and small-town children surveyed 1,950 K-6 students from seven southern Illinois elementary schools. Findings indicate that less than half of the students ate the recommended amounts of fruits, vegetables, and grain each day. Males and females smoked at about the same rates, but sixth-grade boys…

  2. SOCIAL STUDIES IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS (THIRTY-SECOND YEARBOOK).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MICHAELIS, JOHN U., ED.

    THIS YEARBOOK IS INTENDED TO PRESENT AN OVERVIEW OF RECENT TRENDS, ISSUES, AND PROBLEMS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SOCIAL STUDIES. CHAPTER I EXAMINES THE CURRENT CHALLENGE TO SOCIAL STUDIES, DISCUSSES THE CHARACTERISTICS AND PURPOSES OF AN EFFECTIVE SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAM, AND PROVIDES A SUMMARY OF THE YEARBOOK'S CONTENTS. CHAPTER II EXAMINES ISSUES…

  3. Sample Energy Conservation Education Activities for Elementary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Rodney F., Ed.; LaHart, David E., Ed.

    The booklet contains learning activities for introducing energy and conservation concepts into the existing elementary school curriculum. The activities were developed by Palm Beach County teachers during a one-week workshop. A framework of ideas is divided into three functional categories: universe of energy, living systems and energy, and social…

  4. Lewis Terman: Genetic Study of Genius--Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jolly, Jennifer L.

    2008-01-01

    Although the field of gifted education generally recognizes the foundational work of Lewis Terman, rarely does one stop to examine the details of his longitudinal study and their connection to present-day gifted education. This article reexamines the beginnings of Terman's longitudinal study with a focus on elementary-school-aged children.…

  5. Prospective Elementary and Secondary School Mathematics Teachers' Statistical Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karatoprak, Rabia; Karagöz Akar, Gülseren; Börkan, Bengü

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated prospective elementary (PEMTs) and secondary (PSMTs) school mathematics teachers' statistical reasoning. The study began with the adaptation of the Statistical Reasoning Assessment (Garfield, 2003) test. Then, the test was administered to 82 PEMTs and 91 PSMTs in a metropolitan city of Turkey. Results showed that both…

  6. Elementary School Teachers' Involvement in Firearm Safety Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, James H.; Murnan, Judy; Thompson, Amy J.; Dake, Joseph A.; Telljohann, Susan K.

    2005-01-01

    This national study assessed elementary, school teachers' (n = 352)firearm safety education activities and perceptions using a 3-wave mailing survey. One percent of the teachers reported receiving undergraduate training regarding firearm safety. Yet, 12% claimed to be well prepared or very well prepared to teach firearm safety. Most teachers had…

  7. The Case of Rivera Elementary School: The Politics of Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxcy, Brendan D.; Nguyen, Thu Suong T.

    2013-01-01

    This case involves a struggle for control among differently situated leaders--district- and building-level administrators, teachers, parents and community members, and university partners--seeking to influence the reform agenda of a high-poverty urban elementary school serving Latina/Latino students. The various stakeholders encounter a variety of…

  8. Gender Differences in Attributions about Microcomputer Learning in Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Amico, Miranda; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Investigated whether elementary school girls' attributions about computer use follow a pattern of learned helplessness. Results from drill-and-practice and tutorial tasks involving 220 children show girls benefited from increased exposure time and that attributions to ease of task and ability predicted performance for both boys and girls.…

  9. Industrial Arts for the Elementary School: 23rd Yearbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thrower, Robert G., Ed.; Weber, Robert D., Ed.

    Fourth in a series of yearbooks presenting an overview of industrial arts at the various levels of education, the yearbook clarifies the contribution of industrial arts at the elementary school level. Fifteen educators from industrial arts and related field have authored the 12 chapters of the yearbook. Chapter 1 (Mary-Margaret Scobey and Grace…

  10. Japanese Elementary School Teachers and English Language Anxiety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machida, Tomohisa

    2016-01-01

    "Foreign language activities" (English) officially began in Japanese elementary schools in April 2011. Since that starting date, and despite insufficient knowledge and preparation, classroom teachers have been required to instruct in English. They also have been required to team-teach with native-English-speaking assistant language…

  11. Conflicts in Developing an Elementary STEM Magnet School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sikma, Lynn; Osborne, Margery

    2014-01-01

    Elementary schools in the United States have been the terrain of a highly politicized push for improved reading and mathematics attainment, as well as calls for increased importance to be given to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). With priorities placed on basic skills, however, instructional time in subjects such as…

  12. Elementary School Children Reading Scientific Texts: Effects of Metacognitive Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michalsky, Tova; Mevarech, Zemira R.; Haibi, Liora

    2009-01-01

    The authors investigated effects of metacognitive instruction at different phases of reading scientific texts on elementary school students' scientific literacy and metacognitive awareness. In all, 108 Israeli 4th-grade students in 4 science classrooms read the same scientific texts and completed the same scientific tasks. From them, 3 treatment…

  13. Improving Elementary and Middle School Students' Abilities To Manage Conflict.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karneboge, Lynn; Smith, Stacia B.; VandeSchraaf, Cary; Wiegardt, Craig G.; Wormer, Gail

    This action research project evaluated the effectiveness of a program to enhance students' social skills with peers. The targeted population was comprised of elementary and junior high school students in an economically diverse, predominantly blue collar community in central Illinois. The problem of inability to problem solve, listen actively,…

  14. Criteria for New Approaches to Citizenship Education in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Remy, Richard C.

    1976-01-01

    This issue presents criteria for new approaches to citizenship education in elementary schools. New approaches are illustrated with examples from Citizenship Decision-Making: Instructional Materials for Grades 4,5,6 developed at the Mershon Center of Ohio State University. This newsletter is published by the Division of Educational Affairs,…

  15. School Media Centers: A Handbook for Elementary Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baer, Eleanora A.

    Standard procedures for organizing and operating elementary school media centers are presented in simplified form in this handbook for librarians. Topics covered include media selection, supplies, acquisition procedure, accessioning, classification, cataloging (both books and non-book printed materials), printed catalog cards, filing rules,…

  16. Are U.S. Elementary School Reading Textbooks Sex Stereotyped?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez-Suarez, Mirta; Ekstrom, Ruth B.

    Seven representative elementary school textbooks used in the United States were examined, as part of an international study of sex-stereotyping in textbooks, to determine whether the depiction of males and females was qualitatively and quantitatively sex-equitable. The analysis used a gender models checklist developed by M. Gonzalez-Suarez (1986)…

  17. Industrial Arts: Elementary School. A Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

    This handbook suggests ways elementary school teachers might use industrial arts (IA) activities as an alternative to traditional textbook assignments to teach or to reinforce some skills included in the state list of essential learning skills. An overview provides background information: a definition, content, scope and sequence for IA, and the…

  18. The Making of a World-Class Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haynes, Richard M.; Chalker, Donald M.

    1998-01-01

    After spending six years studying elementary schools of 10 countries noted for educational excellence (Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Taiwan, and the United States), the authors reveal world-class standards they have identified for time-on-task, curriculum, assessment, parenting, and student behavior.…

  19. Stimulating Originality of Paintings in Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dulama, Maria Eliza; Iovu, Mihai-Bogdan; Sbînca, Lucretia

    2013-01-01

    Te aim of this paper is studying ways in which originality of elementary school students can be stimulated through the use of artistic activities. The paper is theoretically grounded in considering originality as the capacity to deliver new ideas, ingenious, unconventional, unusual and shocking solutions (Mihaela Roco, 2004; H. Jaoui, 1975; Al.…

  20. Targeted Courses in Inquiry Science for Future Elementary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinberg, Richard; Wyner, Yael; Borman, Greg; Salame, Issa I.

    2015-01-01

    This study reports on targeted science courses for undergraduate childhood education majors. We describe an inquiry-oriented, three-course sequence spanning physical, life, and environmental science. All three courses are hands-on and are designed to reflect the content and pedagogy most important to future elementary school teachers.

  1. Preventing Child Suicide: The Elementary School Death Education Puppet Show.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernhardt, G. R.; Praeger, Susan G.

    1985-01-01

    Looks at a program for death education at the elementary school level in the belief that children's mistaken conceptualizations about and around death can be a contributing cause of childhood suicide. Suggests the use of puppets as a strategy for the introduction of death education. (LLL)

  2. Dynamic Assessment, Potential Giftedness and Mathematics Achievement in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popa, Nicoleta Laura; Pauc, Ramona Loredana

    2015-01-01

    Dynamic assessment is currently discussed in educational literature as one of the most promising practices in stimulating learning among various groups of students, including gifted and potentially gifted students. The present study investigates effects of dynamic assessment on mathematics achievement among elementary school students, with…

  3. Elementary School Interventions: Experimental Evidence on Postsecondary Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemelt, Steven W.; Roth, Kimberly B.; Eaton, William W.

    2013-01-01

    This study exploits a randomized trial of two light-touch elementary school interventions to estimate long-run impacts on postsecondary attendance and attainment. The first is a classroom management technique for developing behavioral skills in children. The second is a curricular intervention aimed at improving students' core reading skills.…

  4. Metacognitive Strategies and Reading Comprehension in Elementary-School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolic-Vehovec, Svjetlana; Bajsanski, Igor

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore comprehension monitoring and perceived use of reading strategies as factors of reading comprehension. Participants were elementary school students from the fifth to the eighth grade. Error correction and text sensitivity tasks from the Metacomprehension test (Pazzaglia, De Beni, & Cristante, 1994), and the…

  5. An Exploratory Look at Alienation in Elementary School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jean M.

    The ongoing work life of four classes of elementary school children from relatively affluent families was examined for approximately 2 years by a participant observer/classroom teacher in an attempt to identify possible causes of student alienation, i.e., negative, unproductive or disruptive behaviors. Examples of such behaviors include hostility,…

  6. Teaching Scientific Measurement and Uncertainty in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munier, Valérie; Merle, Hélène; Brehelin, Danie

    2013-01-01

    The concept of measurement is fundamental in science. In order to be meaningful, the value of a measurement must be given with a certain level of uncertainty. In this paper we try to identify and develop the reasoning of young French pupils about measurement variability. In France, official instructions for elementary school thus argue for having…

  7. Elementary School Aerospace Activities: A Resource for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopp, O. W.; And Others

    This publication is designed for use by elementary school teachers when introducing aerospace developments into classroom programs. Its materials, prepared at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, are grouped into ten sections: (1) earth characteristics that affect flight; (2) flight in the atmosphere; (3) rockets; (4) technological advances; (5)…

  8. Pedagogical Use of Two Languages in a Chinese Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rui, Tao; Chew, Phyllis Ghim-Lian

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides a snapshot of the manner in which English as a foreign language is taught in an elementary school in Helan County, China, in the nation's first decade of sweeping nation-wide educational reforms where English was first introduced as an official subject in 2001 and then as a compulsory subject in 2004. To cope with large…

  9. SPEAKING, WRITING, AND LISTENING IN THE ST. PAUL ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    AMBROSE, HELEN; AND OTHERS

    DESIGNED AS A RESOURCE FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TO USE IN HELPING CHILDREN THINK CLEARLY AND COMMUNICATE EFFECTIVELY, THE ST. PAUL CURRICULUM GUIDE IS DIVIDED INTO THREE SECTIONS--SPEAKING, LISTENING, AND WRITING. AN OVERVIEW OF EACH SECTION DESCRIBES CURRENT THINKING IN THE FIELD AND GENERAL SKILLS WHICH NEED TO BE ACQUIRED BY STUDENTS.…

  10. Holocaust Studies in Austrian Elementary and Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mittnik, Philipp

    2016-01-01

    This article presents arguments in support of teaching about the Holocaust and Nazism in Austria at an early age. To accomplish this, Austrian and German elementary school textbooks were analyzed for the amount of content dealing with the Holocaust and Jews; the results showed that since 1980 the amount of content on the Holocaust increased in…

  11. Key Competencies: Drug and Alcohol Education. Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philadelphia School District, PA.

    This guide, designed for use with elementary school students, attempts to prevent drug and alcohol abuse among students. The Key Competencies program identifies areas in which addicted children differ from non-addicted: poor self image, an improper sense of values, and a lack of identity. For kindergarten through third grade, strategies are…

  12. Elementary School Counselors' Collaboration with Community Mental Health Providers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Kristen; Bodenhorn, Nancy

    2015-01-01

    Perceptions and experiences of elementary school counselors' collaborative efforts with community mental health providers are examined through this exploratory phenomenological study. Ten participants engaged in two in-depth interviews. Collaboration was considered an effective way to increase services to students and their families. Six themes…

  13. A Manual for Elementary School Libraries in Arkansas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Elementary School Council, Little Rock.

    This document is a statement of organization for planning and administering the elementary school library. The report includes recommendations for space requirements, equipment, costs, and location of the library. Also included in the report are operational recommendations--(1) book selection, (2) acquiring books, (3) the organization of the books…

  14. Assessing Potential Predisposition of Elementary School Children to Heart Disease.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crow, Thomas A.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    A health assessment battery was developed to screen elementary school children in Clovis (California) for factors that might lead to heart disease. Students' height, blood pressure, flexibility, weight, and body fatness (by skin-fold tests) were measured. Plans call for future development of longitudinal student profiles. (Authors/PP)

  15. Microcomputer Technology: Its impact on Teachers in an Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hope, Warren C.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the initiation and implementation of microcomputer technology in the educational environment of N.H. Jones Elementary School (Ocala, Florida) and to assess its impact on teachers. Microcomputer technology was configured as a teacher workstation. A conceptual framework was developed to promote microcomputer…

  16. Using Storybooks to Promote Multicultural Sensitivity in Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Bryan S. K.; Green, Jennifer L. Greif; Klein, Eileen F.

    2006-01-01

    The authors discuss the use of storybooks to promote multicultural sensitivity among elementary school children. The increasing diversity in the United States dictates that children are sensitive to cultural differences of individuals from varied backgrounds. Because they are in a formative stage of life, children are an ideal population with…

  17. Misconceptions of Physical Science Concepts Among Elementary School Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrenz, Frances

    1986-01-01

    Presents baseline data about the existing state of elementary school teachers knowledge of physical science. A teacher questionnaire and physical science test were administered to participants (N=333) of a physical science inservice training program in Arizona. Results revealed inadequacies in teachers' knowledge of physical science and the…

  18. Foreign Language Experience in the Elementary School: Spanish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Annapolis, MD.

    Guidelines for teaching Spanish in the elementary school are presented. The program is designed to develop the skills of careful listening and accurate pronunciation and to provide pleasurable learning experiences through dialogues, songs, and games. Spanish is contrasted with English to relate the language experience to other aspects of the…

  19. Foreign Language Experience in the Elementary School: German.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Annapolis, MD.

    Guidelines for teaching German in the elementary school are presented. The program is designed to develop the skills of careful listening and accurate pronunciation and to provide pleasurable learning experiences through dialogues, songs, and games. German is contrasted with English to relate the language experience to other aspects of the…

  20. Foreign Language Experience in the Elementary School: French.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Annapolis, MD.

    Guidelines for teaching French in the elementary school are presented. The program is designed to develop the skills of careful listening and accurate pronunciation and to provide pleasurable learning experiences through dialogues, songs, and games. French is contrasted with English to relate the language experience to other aspects of the…

  1. The Perceptions of Elementary STEM Schools in Missouri

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alumbaugh, Kelli Michelle

    2015-01-01

    Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education, or STEM, is an area that is currently growing in popularity with educators (Becker & Park, 2011). A qualitative study consisting of interviews was conducted and data were gathered from three leaders in professional STEM organizations, four principals from elementary STEM schools, and…

  2. A Case Study of Violence Prevention in an Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Diane Lynn

    2013-01-01

    This case study was initiated to explore how 6 fourth-grade student mediators implemented an inner-city elementary school's violence prevention program based on peer mediation in the context of psychosocial theory. The participants were trained in conflict resolution to intervene with disputants who experienced unresolved disagreements. To…

  3. Peer Acceptance of Highly Gifted Children in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, James J.

    2015-01-01

    The variables associated with peer acceptance and rejection have been the subject of considerable investigation over the past few years, therefore, the present study was designed to answer three questions: (1) How socially accepted are highly gifted children in the elementary-school classroom? (2) What is the intellectual level of the children…

  4. Gender Orientation and Career Maturation among Rural Elementary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guss, Thomas O.; Adams, Lyndel

    The attitudes and beliefs regarding gender, achievement and self-concept of sixth-grade students from a rural Kansas elementary school were assessed. Research consistently demonstrates females' superior verbal ability over males and males' stronger quantitative skills when compared to females. Explores the development of these differences in rural…

  5. Chinese Elementary School Teachers' Perceptions of Students' Classroom Behaviour Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shen, Jiliang; Zhang, Na; Zhang, Caiyun; Caldarella, Paul; Richardson, Michael J.; Shatzer, Ryan H.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined teachers' perceptions of classroom behaviour problems in five provinces of the People's Republic of China. Researchers surveyed 527 Chinese teachers from 27 elementary schools. Consistent with previous studies in China, teachers perceived non-attention to be the most frequent and troublesome behaviour problem. Teachers'…

  6. Changes in Sociometric Choices Forced Integration of an Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Marvin E.

    1973-01-01

    Sociometric questionnaires were administered to all pupils in the fourth, fifth, and sixth grades in an elementary school in February 1970, again in June 1970, and again to fifth and sixth grade pupils in February 1971. Results indicate that a relatively low proportion of minority members (black or white) to be most effective in improving…

  7. Environmental Education in Albanian Elementary and High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sokoli, Nevila; Doka, Dhimiter

    2004-01-01

    Environmental education in Albania has been given a boost recently, with increasing emphasis being placed on it by the country's educational system. At pre-school and elementary education levels, the "Head Start project" is significant, while the introduction of a separate subject entitled "Knowledge of the environment" intended for the 9th and…

  8. Preservice Primary School Teachers' Elementary Geometry Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchis, Iuliana

    2012-01-01

    Geometrical notions and properties occur in real-world problems, thus Geometry has an important place in school Mathematics curricula. Primary school curricula lays the foundation of Geometry knowledge, pupils learn Geometry notions and properties by exploring their environment. Thus it is very important that primary school teachers have a good…

  9. Exploring the impact of an out-of-school science program on the science learning of upper elementary school children

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marshall, Karen Benn

    This study sought to explore qualitatively how participation in an informal science program might affect the following aspects of upper elementary school children's scientific thinking: conceptual understanding, epistemology of science, and the formation of their identity as science learners. A purposefully selected, maximum variation sample of five upper elementary school children who had participated in an out-of-school (OST) science program was compared with five similarly selected upper elementary school children who had not participated in an OST science program. Semi-structured interviewing was the method of data collection. Findings reveal that upper elementary children exhibit some qualitative differences with respect to their conceptual understanding, epistemology of science, and formation of identity as science learners. In general, OST participants had more advanced (sophisticated) epistemologies of science than non-OST participants; OST participants also appeared to form stronger identities as science learners than non-OST participants. With respect to conceptual understanding, OST participants demonstrated greater understanding than non-OST participants of the conservation of matter, the physical properties of matter, and the composition of matter. Neither group had a clear understanding of the concepts of the density of various liquids and density as it relates to how objects made of different materials float. The findings from this study also indicate that there are qualitative differences in the in-school science experiences of upper elementary children exposed to OST settings and those not so exposed. OST participants were more able to rapidly recall their in-school science experiences than non-OST participants. OST participants were also able to transfer their OST science knowledge to their in-school science experiences. The theoretical perspectives employed in this study shed new light on the ways in which OST science experiences might impact

  10. Exploring Marine Ecosystems with Elementary School Portuguese Children: Inquiry-Based Project Activities Focused on "Real-Life" Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guilherme, Elsa; Faria, Cláudia; Boaventura, Diana

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how young students engage in an inquiry-based project driven by real-life contexts. Elementary school children were engaged in a small inquiry project centred on marine biodiversity and species adaptations. All activities included the exploration of an out-of-school setting as a learning context. A total…

  11. Increasing In-School Food Consumption of an Elementary Student with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Brenna K.; Flanagan, Timothy F.

    2013-01-01

    Researchers conducted the present case study to address the immediate need of a student who consumed food at home and refused all food and liquids in her elementary school setting. In order to increase in-school food consumption, researchers developed a multicomponent treatment package that included antecedent adjustments (time and place food was…

  12. The Gendered Experience of Professional Practice: A Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Male Elementary School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Charles C.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study explored the gendered professional experiences of male elementary school counselors. The participants or co-researchers were twelve men of varied ethnic and racial backgrounds between 25 and 60 years old. They lived and worked in five US states in urban, suburban and rural settings. They provided school counseling program…

  13. Teaching planetary sciences to elementary school teachers: Programs that work

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lebofsky, Larry A.; Lebofsky, Nancy R.

    1993-01-01

    Planetary sciences can be used to introduce students to the natural world which is a part of their lives. Even children in an urban environment are aware of such phenomena as day and night, shadows, and the seasons. It is a science that transcends cultures, has been prominent in the news in recent years, and can generate excitement in young minds as no other science can. Planetary sciences also provides a useful tool for understanding other sciences and mathematics, and for developing problem solving skills which are important in our technological world. However, only 15 percent of elementary school teachers feel very well qualified to teach earth/space science, while better than 80 percent feel well qualified to teach reading; many teachers avoid teaching science; very little time is actually spent teaching science in the elementary school: 19 minutes per day in K-3 and 38 minutes per day in 4-6. While very little science is taught in elementary and middle school, earth/space science is taught at the elementary level in less than half of the states. It was pointed out that science is not generally given high priority by either teachers or school districts, and is certainly not considered on a par with language arts and mathematics. Therefore, in order to teach science to our youth, we must empower our teachers, making them familiar and comfortable with existing materials. In our earlier workshops, several of our teachers taught in classrooms where the majority of the students were Hispanic (over 90 percent). However, few space sciences materials existed in Spanish. Therefore, most of our materials could not be used effectively in the classroom. To address this issue, NASA materials were translated into Spanish and a series of workshops for bilingual classroom teachers from Tucson and surrounding cities was conducted. Our space sciences workshops and our bilingual classroom workshops and how they address the needs of elementary school teachers in Arizona are

  14. Students' Personal Traits, Violence Exposure, Family Factors, School Dynamics and the Perpetration of Violence in Taiwanese Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Ji-Kang; Astor, Ron Avi

    2011-01-01

    School violence has become an international problem affecting the well-being of students. To date, few studies have examined how school variables mediate between personal and family factors and school violence in the context of elementary schools in Asian cultures. Using a nationally representative sample of 3122 elementary school students in…

  15. An Investigation of the Attitudes, Beliefs, and Values of Elementary School Teachers toward Race and Schooling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shay, Mary

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which elementary teachers reported their receptivity to cultural responsiveness and race-related topics in teaching and learning. Elementary teachers in a suburban school district in a Rocky Mountain state were surveyed to learn about their attitudes, beliefs, and values regarding race and…

  16. Suburban School Opens Elementary Campus in the Heart of Memphis: St. George's Independent School, Memphis, Tennessee

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    St. George's has nearly 1,150 students on three campuses: an elementary campus in Germantown and a middle/upper school campus in Collierville, both suburbs of Memphis, and a second elementary campus in Memphis. The Memphis campus serves 140 students in pre-K-5th grade. All Memphis campus students receive financial aid based on need, and…

  17. Preparing Elementary School Counselors to Promote Career Development: Recommendations for School Counselor Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Jasmine L.

    2015-01-01

    Career development at the elementary level is an important developmental function to ensure all students graduate college and career ready. However, the training and continuing education needs of elementary school counselors have been largely ignored in the professional literature and in training programs. This article explores the theoretical and…

  18. Teacher Perceptions of Gender-Based Differences among Elementary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Tracy D.

    2009-01-01

    Far fewer males than females work in elementary education today. This deficit may represent an unacceptable balance in elementary teacher gender demographics. The purpose of this study was to examine teacher perceptions of gender-based differences among elementary school teachers. In this mixed-methods study, 217 elementary teachers in four public…

  19. Elementary school drinking: the role of temperament and learning.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Kristen G; Smith, Gregory T; McCarthy, Denis M; Fischer, Sarah F; Fister, Suzannah; Grodin, Dae; Boerner, Laura M; Hill, Kelly Kearfott

    2005-03-01

    Drinking in elementary school, despite its low base rate, has been shown to predict alcohol use in middle school (Wilson, Battistich, Syme, & Boyce, 2002), which in turn predicts alcohol abuse or dependence in young adults (Guo, Collins, Hill, & Hawkins, 2000). The authors report 1 of the 1st examinations of the relationship between personality and psychosocial learning risk factors and drinking behavior among elementary school students. Fifth-grade students completed measures of disinhibition, positive and negative alcohol expectancies, and drinking. MIMIC modeling, tests of mediation, and tests of moderation were completed to test these relations. It was found that disinhibition and positive alcohol expectancies were each related to drinking in 5th graders. Disinhibition moderated the relation between positive alcohol expectancies and drinking in some cases. Mediation was not supported.

  20. Administering the Open-Area Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Small, J. M.

    1975-01-01

    Examines the outcome of a study of the operation of open area schools in the Separate School System of Edmonton. (Available from C. A. Business Manager, Department of Educational Administration, The University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G5; $0.50, single copy.) (Author/IRT)

  1. Analysis of Elementary School Web Sites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartshorne, Richard; Friedman, Adam; Algozzine, Bob; Kaur, Daljit

    2008-01-01

    While researchers have studied the use and value of educational software for many years, study of school Web sites and/or their effectiveness is limited. In this investigation, we identified goals and functions of school Web sites and used the foundations of effective Web site design to develop an evaluation checklist. We then applied these…

  2. Arbor Hill Elementary School, City School District of Albany, New York

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Consulting Engineer, 1974

    1974-01-01

    The mechanical devices used to heat and cool a totally air conditioned elementary school are exposed to the students' view so that the teachers can explain to their pupils the basic mechanicss of heating and cooling. (Author)

  3. An Examination of School Attitude and Self-Esteem among African-American Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Esau, II

    2009-01-01

    The focus of this research investigation was to examine school attitudes and self-esteem among 48 African-American elementary school children. Based on achievement data on standardized testing, administered by a school district located within the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, African-American children were stratified in order to…

  4. Public Schools Energy Conservation Measures, Report Number 1: Scott Elementary School, Warwick, Rhode Island.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of School Administrators, Washington, DC.

    This study is the first of a five phase program of the American Association of School Administrators directed toward reducing energy consumption in existing schools. This report summarizes the results of the field investigations, computer simulation and evaluations of the energy conserving opportunities available in the Scott Elementary School in…

  5. The Impact of School Community Partnerships on the Success of Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grady, Kevin Richard

    2010-01-01

    This study employed multiple regression modeling to examine the success of 63 California elementary schools in terms of (a) school-community social capital, (b) student academic performance, (c) student behavioral incident rate, and (d) teacher turnover rate with respect to the extent of school-community partnership programs. Also of interest to…

  6. Comprehensive School Reform and Standardized Test Scores in Illinois Elementary and Middle Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEnroe, James D.

    2010-01-01

    The study examined the effects of the federally funded Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) program on student performance on mandated standardized tests. The study focused on the mathematics and reading scores of Illinois public elementary and middle and junior high school students. The federal CSR program provided Illinois schools with an annual…

  7. Before School Starts: A Handbook for the Inexperienced Elementary School Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schell, Leo M.; Burden, Paul R.

    This handbook offers pre-planning (before school opens) guidelines for elementary school teachers. Outlines contain suggestions for considerations in the areas of: (1) facilities, personnel, and services; (2) district and school rules, procedures, and policies; (3) individual students; (4) instructional resources; (5) community resources; (6) room…

  8. Asthma Prevalence, Management, and Education in New York State Elementary Schools: A Survey of School Nurses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kielb, Christine; Lin, Shao; Hwang, Syni-an

    2007-01-01

    A survey of school nurses was conducted in New York State elementary schools to assess asthma and asthma management in students. The survey contained questions about asthma morbidity, management and education, obstacles to management, and school indoor air quality. The reported prevalence of asthma among students was 8.5%. Of the students with…

  9. Evaluation of the School-Wide Positive Behavioral Support Program in Eight North Carolina Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasilewski, Yvonne; Gifford, Beth; Bonneau, Kara

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) with information about teachers' responses to School-wide Positive Behavioral Support (PBS) and key educational outcomes on students in North Carolina elementary schools implementing School-wide (PBS). A web-based survey of teachers at eight…

  10. An Analysis of Differences in Costs Among Three School Year Schedules for Lanes Mill Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volk, William A.

    This report is a detailed budget analysis of projected costs of three school calendars, including a 45-15 extended year operation, for an elementary school in Brick Town, New Jersey. The purpose of the report is to estimate the fiscal effects of the 45-15 extended school year operation to determine whether such a method of operation is more cost…

  11. The Interrelationship of School District Expenditures and Student Academic Achievement in Oklahoma Public Elementary School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Glenn M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose and Method of Study. The primary purpose of this quantitative study was to analyze the relationship between school district expenditures and student academic achievement in 102 public elementary school districts in the state of Oklahoma. The secondary purpose was to investigate the relationship between school district expenditures and…

  12. [Prevalence of mouth breathing in children from an elementary school].

    PubMed

    Felcar, Josiane Marques; Bueno, Izabele Rafael; Massan, Ana Carolina Silva; Torezan, Roberta Pereira; Cardoso, Jefferson Rosa

    2010-03-01

    The objective of this article is to identify the prevalence of mouth breathing in children from an elementary school. 496 questionnaires were answered by 1st and 4th grade children's parents or sponsors in order to identify mouth-breathing. There were questions about habits, sleeping, behavior, eating, personal care and breathing. Mann-Whitney and the Chi-square tests were used to compare the variables between mouth-breathing and nose-breathing among the groups. To measure the exposure effect of the explanatory variables on mouth breathing, the test of logistic regression was used and its magnitude was calculated through Odds Ratio. The statistical significance was set at 5%, and the rate of returned questionnaires was 84.5%. The prevalence of the mouthbreathing over this population was 56.8%. The average age was 7 years old (6-9). There was no significant statistical difference between genders, considering 49.1% male and 50.9% female. The final model of logistic regression identified the variables dribble, sleeps well (negative association) and snores as factors that predict the occurrence of the mouth-breathing. The prevalence of mouthbreathing was similar to related in the literature. The variables dribble, sleeps well (negative association) and snores may be factors that predict the occurrence of mouth-breathing.

  13. Formative Assessment as Educational and Administrative Adhesive: Establishing an Elementary School Writing Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Brad; Black, Sharon; Anstead, Marcia Howell

    1997-01-01

    Describes the collaboration between a university and an elementary school to establish a writing center at the elementary school, staffed by university students (preservice teachers). Describes the crucial role of ongoing formative assessment activity for both elementary students and the university preservice teachers. (SR)

  14. Examining Behavioral Risk and Academic Performance for Students Transitioning from Elementary to Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Oakes, Wendy Peia; Carter, Erik W.; Messenger, Mallory

    2015-01-01

    We studied the transition from elementary to middle school for 74 fifth-grade students. Specifically, we examined how behavioral risk evident in the elementary years, as measured by the "Student Risk Screening Scale" (SRSS), impacts students transitioning from elementary to middle school. First, we examined how student risk status shifts…

  15. Changing Organizational Culture and Instructional Methods in Elementary Schools: Perceptions of Teachers and Professional Educational Consultants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shachar, Hanna; Gavin, Suss; Shlomo, Sharan

    2010-01-01

    The present study examines teachers' perceptions of organizational changes in their elementary schools. These changes occurred following the implementation of a long-term comprehensive school improvement project (CSIP). One hundred and seventy one teachers who taught in six elementary schools located in two different school districts in Israel…

  16. The Development and Implementation of Successful School-Community Partnerships in Public Elementary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Record, Vincent N.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The study aimed to define common characteristics of successful school-community partnerships supporting the improvement of academic achievement in public elementary schools. Based on the perceptions of elementary school administrators, this study identified important factors of, barriers to, and benefits of successful school-community…

  17. A Comparative Study of the Self-Perceptions of Disadvantaged Children in Elementary and Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soares, Anthony T.; Soares, Louise M.

    The study tested hypotheses predicting significant differences between the self-perception scores of: (1) disadvantaged children in an urban neighborhood elementary school and disadvantaged high school students; (2) disadvantaged girls and boys; and, (3), within each sex, disadvantaged elementary school and high school students. All the students…

  18. An Analysis of Academic Achievement in Public Elementary Open-Enrollment Charter and Traditional Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Tammy

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine two types of school organizational structures: elementary open-enrollment charter schools and elementary traditional public schools. The study examined the degree to which attendance rates (based upon the prior school year's data), class size and average number of years of teaching experience were…

  19. An Evaluation of Changes in the Curriculum in Elementary School Level in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helvaci, M. Akif

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes in the curriculum of 1-5 grades in Elementary Schools and the efficiency of school administrator in managing change in the change process. The questionnaire was applied to the school administrators for the elementary schools of Usak province of Turkiye. The questionnaire comprises 3 open-ended…

  20. Successful Implementation of a Federally Funded Violence Prevention Elementary School Counseling Program: Results Bring Sustainability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duarte, Danielle; Hatch, Trish

    2015-01-01

    Sixty-four federal Elementary and Secondary School Counseling (ESSC) program grants were awarded in 2009. One awarded school district implemented a comprehensive school counseling program based on the ASCA National Model at three high-needs elementary schools. This case study describes a district initiative that provided prevention education for…

  1. A Comparison of Elementary/K-8 and Middle Schools' Suspension Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arcia, Emily

    2007-01-01

    This study was undertaken to examine the suspension percentages among three sixth-grade transition groups: (a) students who attended elementary or K-8 schools in sixth grade and K-8 schools in seventh grade, (b) students who attended elementary or K-8 schools in sixth grade and middle schools in seventh grade, and (c) students who attended middle…

  2. Playing Fair: The Contribution of High-Functioning Recess to Overall School Climate in Low-Income Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    London, Rebecca A.; Westrich, Lisa; Stokes-Guinan, Katie; McLaughlin, Milbrey

    2015-01-01

    Background: Recess is a part of the elementary school day with strong implications for school climate. Positive school climate has been linked to a host of favorable student outcomes, from attendance to achievement. We examine 6 low-income elementary schools' experiences implementing a recess-based program designed to provide safe, healthy,…

  3. The Student-to-Student Chemistry Initiative: Training High School Students to Perform Chemistry Demonstration Programs for Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voegel, Phillip D.; Quashnock, Kathryn A.; Heil, Katrina M.

    2004-01-01

    A Student-to-Student Chemistry Initiative (SSCI) focuses on both elementary and high school students where high school students visit Midwestern State University (MSU) for training and later visit elementary schools to perform chemistry demonstration programs. SSCI's impact on high school students is evaluated.

  4. Demographic, Environmental, Access, and Attitude Factors that Influence Walking to School by Elementary School-Aged Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez, Ariel; Vogt, Christine A.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Walking to school has been identified as an activity that contributes to children's daily exercise requirements. The purpose of this study was to better understand factors that influence walking to school by elementary school-aged children. Methods: A sample of 1,897 elementary school-aged children (84% response rate; 3rd-5th graders)…

  5. The Impact of School-Wide Discipline on Student Academic Achievement and Behavior in Elementary Schools in South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jamison, Alfreda

    2010-01-01

    This study reviews the impact of School-Wide Discipline on academic achievement and student behavior in elementary schools. In this study, Title One elementary schools in South Carolina were identified that have fully implemented the Positive Behavior Intervention Support and those Title One schools not implementing PBIS. This study…

  6. Urban school leadership for elementary science education: Meeting the needs of English Language Learners

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alarcon, Maricela H.

    Science education reform and state testing accountability call upon principals to become instructional leaders in science. Specifically, elementary school principals must take an active role in science instruction to effectively improve science education for all students including English Language Learners. As such, the research questioned posed in this study centered on How are elementary school principals addressing the academic needs of Latino Spanish-speaking English language learners within science education? This study employed a qualitative research design to identify the factors contributing to the exemplary performance in science, as measured by the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS), for English Language Learner students in three high poverty bilingual elementary schools based on a multiple case study. As part of the data collection process, interviews were conducted with three school principals, three science academic support teachers, and two 5th grade bilingual teachers. Additionally, observations were acquired through school principal shadowing. The findings revealed four attributes necessary for effective instructional leadership in science education. First, Positive School Culture was defined as the core that linked the other three instructional leadership attributes and thus increased their effectiveness. Second, Clear Goals and Expectations were set by making science a priority and ensuring that English language learners were transitioning from Spanish to English instruction by the fifth grade. Third, Critical Resourcing involved hiring a science academic support teacher, securing a science classroom on campus, and purchasing bilingual instructional materials. Fourth, principal led and supported Collaboration in which teachers met to discuss student performance based data in addition to curriculum and instruction. These research findings are vital because by implementing these best practices of elementary school principals, educators

  7. Burnout in Prospective Elementary School Teachers: Is It Related to Reasons for Choosing the Elementary School Teaching Major, Beliefs about the Teaching Career and Satisfaction with the Choice?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dundar, Sahin

    2014-01-01

    The present study was carried out to examine the relationships between elementary school teacher candidates' motivations for choosing the teaching profession, beliefs about the teaching profession, satisfaction with the choice, and burnout. The study was carried out with 171 senior elementary school teacher candidates at one public university…

  8. Strategies for Supporting Recess in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Recess provides students with a needed break from their structured school day. It can improve children's physical, social, and emotional well-being, and enhance learning. Recess helps children meet the goal of 60 minutes of physical activity (PA) each day, as recommended by the US Department of Health and Human Services. National…

  9. Parent Involvement in Elementary School Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copeland, Michele Rzewski

    2012-01-01

    In the 21st century, school libraries are under pressure to innovate. Library budgets are frequently slashed as districts struggle with limited fiscal resources, while library personnel are increasingly expected to provide students with resources they need to help them pass high stakes tests. In an effort to meet student needs with limited…

  10. Key Competencies: Art Education, Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Curriculum and Instruction.

    This booklet outlines key competencies for art education in kindergarten through grade six in the Philadelphia school system. The goal of art education is to provide an understanding of elements and principles of composition and design such as color, line, shape, mass, and texture. Art education should involve students in creating, analyzing, and…

  11. Auxiliary Personnel in the Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The National Elementary Principal, 1967

    1967-01-01

    The first article in this collection of 12 is reprinted from "Auxiliary School Personnel," a booklet published by the National Commission on Teacher Education and Professional Standards. A series on "S.721: Teacher Aide Program Support Act of 1967" includes a copy of the bill, remarks made by U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson when he introduced it, and…

  12. Jungian Play Therapy in Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allan, John; Brown, Keith

    1993-01-01

    Presents Jungian approach to school counseling which places emphasis on importance of positive therapeutic alliance in activating self-healing archetype embedded within children's psyches. Explains Jungian theory and counseling methods, then presents case study of 8-year-old third-grade boy and his 15 sessions of therapy. (NB)

  13. Physical Activity, Public Health, and Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Thomas L.; Kahan, David

    2008-01-01

    Physical inactivity is a serious public health problem that is associated with numerous preventable diseases. Public health concerns, particularly those related to the increased prevalence of overweight, obesity, and diabetes, call for schools to become proactive in the promotion of healthy, physically active lifestyles. This article begins by…

  14. Strengthening Elementary School Bully Prevention with Bibliotherapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heath, Melissa Allen; Moulton, Emily; Dyches, Tina Taylor; Prater, Mary Anne; Brown, Alec

    2011-01-01

    The consequences of bullying are both widespread and severe. It disrupts learning, threatens school safety, and poses long-term emotional repercussions for bullies, victims, and bystanders. Although multiple strategies have targeted bullying, bullying must be understood within a social contextual framework beyond the bully-victim dyad. Davis and…

  15. How Elementary School Children Think about Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melancon, Janet G.; And Others

    The attitudes toward mathematics of a large cross-sectional sample of students in grades 6 through 12 were explored. Most previous studies have not used samples as large as the 623 urban public school students in the southern United States, included in this study. The sample included 55.1 percent females, 58.3 percent Whites, 27.6 percent African…

  16. CREATIVITY OF PRESCHOOL AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS AND THEIR STUDENTS.

    PubMed

    Sali, Güneş; Akyol, Aysel Köksal

    2015-12-01

    Although creativity provides a considerable number of advantages, many teachers have direct and indirect prejudices against creative students since they may display distracting and disruptive behaviors toward teachers and classmates. To determine how teachers' creativity affects their students' creative development, 90 preschool and elementary school teachers and 90 pupils were assessed for creative thinking. The children's sex was not correlated with creativity scores. There were small, significant relationships between various measures of preschool teachers' and students' creativity.

  17. Escape-to-Attention as a Potential Variable for Maintaining Problem Behavior in the School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarno, Jana M.; Sterling, Heather E.; Mueller, Michael M.; Dufrene, Brad; Tingstrom, Daniel H.; Olmi, D. Joe

    2011-01-01

    Mueller, Sterling-Turner, and Moore (2005) reported a novel escape-to-attention (ETA) functional analysis condition in a school setting with one child. The current study replicates Mueller et al.'s functional analysis procedures with three elementary school-age boys referred for problem behavior. Functional analysis verified the participant's…

  18. The Application of Functional Analysis of Behavior by Teachers in a Natural School Setting. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Univ., Seattle.

    The initial purpose of this project was to demonstrate in four Washington state elementary schools the application of functional analysis of behavior to children who have learning disabilities and social behavior disturbances in the natural school setting. During the development of the project this purpose was broadened to include the prevention…

  19. Amity Elementary School, Boise, Idaho. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    The design, predicted system performance, operation and maintenance instructions, and wiring and piping schematic diagrams for the recently installed active/passive solar space and hot water system for the Amity Elementary School in Boise, Idaho, are presented. 370 sq. ft. of single-glazed Solecor collectors supply the domestic hot water system and 1830 sq. ft. of collectors are utilized in the space heating system. Tanks provide hot water storage. The earth-covered school building contains 51,400 gross sq. ft. Component specifications are included. (WHK)

  20. The Impact of Competition on Raising Mathematics Competency at Camelot Elementary School in Chesapeake, Virginia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayden, L. B.; Johnson, D.

    2012-12-01

    In 1995, the Virginia Department of Education approved a federal mandate for No Child Left Behind 2001 Education Act implementing the Standards of Learning (SOL) in four content areas: Mathematics, Science, English, and History and Social Sciences. These new guidelines set forth learning and achievement expectations for content areas for grades K-12 in Virginia's Public Schools. Given the SOL mandates, Virginia's elementary teachers and school leaders utilized research for specific teaching methods intended to encourage score improvements on end of year mathematics tests. In 2001, the concept of the Math Sprint Competition was introduced to Camelot Elementary School in Chesapeake Virginia, by researchers at Elizabeth City State University of Elizabeth City, North Carolina. Camelot Elementary, a K-5 school, is a Title I school nestled in a lower middle class neighborhood and houses a high number of minority students. On average, these students achieve lower test score gains than students in higher socioeconomic status district schools. Defined as a test-review based in relay format that utilizes released SOL test items, Math Sprint promotes mathematical skills outlined in Virginia SOL's and encourages competition among students that motivated them to quickly pick up on new material and retain the old material in order to out-do the others. Research identified was based on specific relationships between student competition and statewide testing results in mathematics for grades three, four, and five at Camelot Elementary. Data was compiled from results of the Math Sprint Competition and research focused on methods for motivating students encouraged by the use of a math sprint competition. Individual Pearson Product Moment Correlations were conducted to determine which variables possess strong and statistically significant relationships. Significantly, positive results came from 2005 to 2010 math sprints data from which students participated.

  1. Elementary school teachers' beliefs about and perceptions of elementary school science, science reading, science textbooks, and supportive instructional factors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shymansky, James A.; Yore, Larry D.; Good, Ronald

    This article is a report of elementary school teachers' beliefs about and uses of text material in science. Survey results from 522 K-8 teachers from 299 schools in the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands were analyzed along three dimensions: teacher attitudes toward teaching of reading in science; teacher beliefs and understanding about models of reading, factors influencing science reading and reading skills; and teacher use of various teaching strategies. Results suggest that teachers do not see reading science as different from any other narrative material. And though most agreed to the importance of having students do activities to support and enhance the use of text material, responses suggest that covering topics is still a concern for most elementary teachers.

  2. Exploratory study of air quality in elementary schools, Coimbra, Portugal

    PubMed Central

    Ferreira, Ana Maria Conceição; Cardoso, Salvador Massano

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the air quality in elementary schools and their structural and functional conditions. METHODS Air quality in 51 elementary schools (81 classrooms) in the city of Coimbra, Portugal, both inside and outside of the rooms was evaluated during the four seasons, from 2010 to 2011. Temperature (T°), relative humidity (Hr), concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), compounds were evaluated, as were volatile organics (VOC), formaldehyde and particulate matter (PM10), from November 2010 to February 2011 (autumn/winter) and March 2011 to June 2011 (spring/summer). A grid characterizing the structural and functional conditions of the schools was created. The statistical Student t test for paired samples and the Wilcoxon t test were applied. RESULTS In 47 schools, the average CO2concentrations were above the maximum reference concentration (984 ppm) mentioned in Portuguese legislation. The maximum concentration values found inside the rooms were critical, especially in the fall/winter (5,320 ppm). In some schools the average concentrations of VOC and PM10within the maximum concentration exceeded the reference legislated. The values (risk) of CO, formaldehyde, NO2, SO2and O3detected were not relevant. CONCLUSIONS There was a higher concentration of pollutants inside the rooms compared with outside. Inadequate ventilation is associated with high CO2concentration in the classroom. PMID:24626544

  3. Sleep Habits of Elementary and Middle School Children in South Texas.

    PubMed

    Surani, Salim; Hesselbacher, Sean; Surani, Saherish; Sadasiva, Sreevidya; Surani, Zoya; Surani, Sara S; Khimani, Amina; Subramanian, Shyam

    2015-01-01

    Background. Sleep difficulties, including insufficient sleep and inadequate sleep hygiene, have been prevalent among children. Sleep deprivation can lead to poor grades, sleepiness, and moodiness. We undertook this study to assess the prevalence of sleep abnormalities among elementary and middle school students in South Texas and how the groups compare with one another. Method. After approval from the appropriate school district for a sleep education program, a baseline survey was taken of elementary and middle school students, using the Children's Sleep Habit Questionnaire-Sleep Self-Report Form, which assessed the domains of bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, sleep anxiety, sleep duration, night awakening, and daytime sleepiness. Results. The survey was completed by 499 elementary and 1008 middle school children. Trouble sleeping was reported by 43% in elementary school, compared with 29% of middle school children. Fifty percent of middle school children did not like sleeping, compared with 26% in elementary school. Bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, and nighttime awakening were more common among elementary school students. Daytime sleepiness was more common among the middle school children when compared to elementary school children. Conclusions. Sleep abnormalities are present in elementary school children with changes in sleep habits into middle school.

  4. Sleep Habits of Elementary and Middle School Children in South Texas.

    PubMed

    Surani, Salim; Hesselbacher, Sean; Surani, Saherish; Sadasiva, Sreevidya; Surani, Zoya; Surani, Sara S; Khimani, Amina; Subramanian, Shyam

    2015-01-01

    Background. Sleep difficulties, including insufficient sleep and inadequate sleep hygiene, have been prevalent among children. Sleep deprivation can lead to poor grades, sleepiness, and moodiness. We undertook this study to assess the prevalence of sleep abnormalities among elementary and middle school students in South Texas and how the groups compare with one another. Method. After approval from the appropriate school district for a sleep education program, a baseline survey was taken of elementary and middle school students, using the Children's Sleep Habit Questionnaire-Sleep Self-Report Form, which assessed the domains of bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, sleep anxiety, sleep duration, night awakening, and daytime sleepiness. Results. The survey was completed by 499 elementary and 1008 middle school children. Trouble sleeping was reported by 43% in elementary school, compared with 29% of middle school children. Fifty percent of middle school children did not like sleeping, compared with 26% in elementary school. Bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, and nighttime awakening were more common among elementary school students. Daytime sleepiness was more common among the middle school children when compared to elementary school children. Conclusions. Sleep abnormalities are present in elementary school children with changes in sleep habits into middle school. PMID:26770835

  5. Sleep Habits of Elementary and Middle School Children in South Texas

    PubMed Central

    Surani, Salim; Hesselbacher, Sean; Surani, Saherish; Sadasiva, Sreevidya; Surani, Zoya; Surani, Sara S.; Khimani, Amina; Subramanian, Shyam

    2015-01-01

    Background. Sleep difficulties, including insufficient sleep and inadequate sleep hygiene, have been prevalent among children. Sleep deprivation can lead to poor grades, sleepiness, and moodiness. We undertook this study to assess the prevalence of sleep abnormalities among elementary and middle school students in South Texas and how the groups compare with one another. Method. After approval from the appropriate school district for a sleep education program, a baseline survey was taken of elementary and middle school students, using the Children's Sleep Habit Questionnaire-Sleep Self-Report Form, which assessed the domains of bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, sleep anxiety, sleep duration, night awakening, and daytime sleepiness. Results. The survey was completed by 499 elementary and 1008 middle school children. Trouble sleeping was reported by 43% in elementary school, compared with 29% of middle school children. Fifty percent of middle school children did not like sleeping, compared with 26% in elementary school. Bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, and nighttime awakening were more common among elementary school students. Daytime sleepiness was more common among the middle school children when compared to elementary school children. Conclusions. Sleep abnormalities are present in elementary school children with changes in sleep habits into middle school. PMID:26770835

  6. Effects of sustained teacher professional development on the classroom science instruction of elementary school teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hauck, Nancy

    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which sustained teacher professional development in science education affects the classroom instruction of elementary school teachers in third through sixth grade over a 3-year period. The teachers in the study were all elementary endorsed and prepared to be generalists in the content areas. Science reform has led to more content-specific science standards that are difficult for most elementary teachers to address without professional development. Recent studies on improving elementary science instruction suggest the need for professional development to be long term, embedded in teaching practice in the classroom, and rooted in research on how children learn science. The researcher examined changes in classroom instruction over a 3-year period of teachers who participated in a professional development program designed to meet the elementary science education reform based on recommendations from the National Research Council's report, Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8. The data that were analyzed to determine the effects of the professional development came from classroom observations of two sets of teachers, one of which was the control set (n = 20). The other was the experimental set (n =22). Classroom observations were administered one time each year over 3 years of treatment to determine whether sustained professional development in science impacted teacher practices in the classroom. This study suggested that classroom science instruction did significantly change through sustained professional development intervention. It also suggested that teaching practices improved in the areas of talk and argument, investigation and inquiry, modeling and representations, alignment with science core concepts, and addressing science misconceptions. Furthermore, findings indicated that teachers who received sustained professional development were more likely to have higher overall

  7. Violence in the School Setting: A School Nurse Perspective.

    PubMed

    King, Kate K

    2014-01-01

    Violence in schools has become a significant public health risk and is not limited to violent acts committed in the school setting. Violence in homes, neighborhoods, and communities also affects the learning and behaviors of children while at school. School violence, such as shootings, weapons in schools, assaults, fights, bullying; other witnessed violence in non-school settings; and violence as a cultural norm of problem solving can all impact the ability of children to function in school. School nurses serve on the front-line of problem identification and intervene to diminish the effects of violence on both school children as individuals and on populations in schools and the community. This article describes ways in which school nurses deal with violence and concludes with discussion of potential responses to violence, including the school nurse response to violence and implications for other healthcare professionals. PMID:26812201

  8. Executive functions in elementary school children with and without problems in written expression.

    PubMed

    Hooper, Stephen R; Swartz, Carl W; Wakely, Melissa B; de Kruif, Renée E L; Montgomery, James W

    2002-01-01

    This study examined the executive functioning of 55 elementary school children with and without problems in written expression. Two groups reflecting children with and without significant writing problems were defined by an average primary trait rating across two separate narratives. The groups did not differ in terms of chronological age, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, special education status, or presence of attention problems or receptive vocabulary capabilities; however, they did differ in reading decoding ability, and this variable was controlled for in all analyses. Dependent measures included tasks tapping an array of executive functions grouped conceptually in accordance with a model of executive functioning reflecting the following domains: initiate, sustain, set shifting, and inhibition/stopping. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) procedures revealed statistically significant group differences on the initiation and set shift domains, with the sustaining domain approaching significance. Children with writing problems performed more poorly in each of these domains, although the effect sizes were small. A multiple regression that employed these four factors and the reading decoding variable to predict the primary trait score from the written narratives revealed a statistically significant regression function; however, reading decoding contributed most of the unique variance to the writing outcome. These findings point out the importance of executive functions in the written language process for elementary school students, but highlight the need to examine other variables when studying elementary school-age children with written expression problems. PMID:15490900

  9. Perceived School Climate across the Transition from Elementary to Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madjar, Nir; Cohen-Malayev, Maya

    2016-01-01

    The implications of the transition from elementary to middle school are of major concern for educators and researchers worldwide. Previous studies have yielded ambiguous findings; some have indicated negative outcomes of school transition, whereas others have demonstrated null or even positive effects. The aim of the current research was to…

  10. Public Schools Energy Conservation Measures, Report Number 2: Central Elementary School, Glen Rock, New Jersey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of School Administrators, Arlington, VA.

    The engineering study presented is a component of the first phase of the five-part Saving Schoolhouse Energy Project initiated by the American Association of School Administrators and funded in part by the Federal Energy Administration. Reported in this document is an investigation of energy conservation opportunities at Central Elementary School,…

  11. Public Schools Energy Conservation Measures, Report Number 10: Washington Elementary School, Kennewick, Washington.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of School Administrators, Arlington, VA.

    Reported is an engineering study of energy conservation opportunities at Washington Elementary School, Kennewick, Washington. The investigation is a component of the first phase of a five-part Saving Schoolhouse Energy Project initiated by the American Association of School Administrators and funded in part by the Federal Energy Administration.…

  12. Home and School Factors Impacting Parental Involvement in a Title I Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartel, Virginia B.

    2010-01-01

    Before and after the interventions of summer classes for parents and an interactive homework program, parents of children in an inner-city southeastern U.S. elementary school were interviewed and teachers surveyed to determine home and school factors that impacted parental involvement in their children's education. Beliefs about roles and…

  13. Students and School Characteristics Related to Elementary School Students' Views of the Nature of Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hacieminoglu, Esme; Ertepinar, Hamide; Yilmaz-Tüzün, Özgul; Çakir, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate student- and school-level factors that help to explain the difference in the nature of science (NOS) views. Overall, the design of this study is correlational. The sample consisted of 3062 students enrolled in the sixth, seventh, and eighth grades of elementary schools in Turkey. A hierarchical linear…

  14. Authentic Science Research in Elementary School After-School Science Clubs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Allan; Pirog, Kelly

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we report on teachers' and students' participation in authentic science research in out of school time science clubs at elementary schools. In the program four to five teachers worked alongside practicing scientists as part of their research groups. Each teacher facilitated a club with 10-15 students who, by extension, were members…

  15. Public Schools Energy Conservation Measures, Report Number 9: Plover Whiting Elementary School, Stevens Point, Wisconsin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of School Administrators, Arlington, VA.

    This report is part of the first phase of the five-part Saving Schoolhouse Energy Project initiated by the American Association of School Administrators and funded partially by the Federal Energy Administration. Presented is an investigation of energy conservation opportunities at Plover Whiting Elementary School, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. This…

  16. Transitioning from Elementary School to Middle School: The Ecology of Black Males' Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundy, Alma Christienne

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed method study is to explain the ecology Black males experience as they transition from elementary school to middle school in terms of behavior. The Black male graduation rate is well below 50% nationally (Orfield, Losen, Wald, & Swanson, 2004; Schott Foundation for Public Education, 2010). Graduating from high school…

  17. Effects of School Counselors' Cognitive Behavioral Consultation on Irrational and Efficacy Beliefs of Elementary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Jeffrey M.; Gerler, Edwin R., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Consultation is an indirect service frequently offered as part of comprehensive school counseling programs. This study explored the efficacy of a specific model of consultation, rational emotive-social behavior consultation (RE-SBC). Elementary school teachers participated in face-to-face and online consultation groups aimed at influencing…

  18. Program Evaluation of a School Leadership Program in an Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stella, Robyn R.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this program was to analyze the effects of The Leader in Me/seven habits philosophy on the selected elementary school in western North Carolina. The perceived problem was that in this particular school there was a need for methods to encourage student participation and student motivation and to increase homework completion and…

  19. Impact of a School-based Health Center on Emergency Department Use by Elementary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Thomas L.; D'angelo, Sandra L.; Davis, James

    2001-01-01

    Evaluated the impact of two elementary level school based health centers (SBHCs), located in schools within high-poverty, inner city neighborhoods, on emergency department visits by children enrolled in the SBHC. Overall, SBHCs resulted in significant decreases in non-urgent emergency department visits, but not in urgent visits. Medicaid-insured…

  20. Perceived Norms and Social Values to Capture School Culture in Elementary and Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galvan, Adriana; Spatzier, Agnieszka; Juvonen, Jaana

    2011-01-01

    The current study was designed to gain insights into shifting school culture by examining perceived peer group norms and social values across elementary and middle school grades. Perceived norms were assessed by asking participants (N = 605) to estimate how many grade mates were academically engaged, disengaged, and antisocial. To capture social…