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Sample records for endocardial fibroelastosis employing

  1. Endocardial fibroelastosis in a quarterhorse mare.

    PubMed

    Cushing, T L

    2013-01-01

    A 4-year-old crossbred Quarterhorse mare was submitted to the Clemson Veterinary Diagnostic Center for necropsy examination with a chronic history of inappetence, weight loss and lethargy. Prior to death the horse had developed mild diarrhoea and began showing evidence of colic. Necropsy examination revealed a markedly enlarged heart due predominantly to marked dilation of the right atrium, tortuous congested mesenteric blood vessels, marked ascites, pleural effusion and pulmonary oedema. Further examination of the heart showed the endocardium of the left side of the heart, including the mitral valve leaflets, to be diffusely thickened. Microscopically, the endocardial thickening was due to deposition of fibrous connective tissue and elastin fibres. These findings are consistent with a diagnosis of endocardial fibroelastosis. PMID:23651694

  2. Novel Cutaneous Manifestations of Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis.

    PubMed

    Lowther, Christopher M; Morrison, Annie O; Candelario, Nicole M; Khalafbeigi, Sheva; Cockerell, Clay J

    2016-10-01

    Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare progressive disease that manifests as parenchymal fibrosis of the upper lobe and pleura. Approximately 100 cases have been reported. Cutaneous manifestations of PPFE have not previously been described. Diagnosis is dependent on histologic identification of fibrosis with atypical elastic fibers, necessitating an invasive peripheral lung wedge biopsy.A 68-year-old male with a history of pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis presented with an asymptomatic, telangiectatic erythematous eruption on bilateral lower extremities. Biopsies demonstrated a subtle perivascular infiltrate with marked increase in atypical elastic fibers, similar to the elastosis in the patient's lungs.This is the first documented case of cutaneous manifestations in PPFE. Clinicians need to be aware that cutaneous eruptions clinically simulating telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans but lacking a mast cell infiltrate histologically, may have increased abnormal elastic fibers. Thus, early recognition of these lesions in patients with an undefined restrictive lung disorder, may facilitate the diagnosis of PPFE in some patients.

  3. Novel Cutaneous Manifestations of Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis.

    PubMed

    Lowther, Christopher M; Morrison, Annie O; Candelario, Nicole M; Khalafbeigi, Sheva; Cockerell, Clay J

    2016-10-01

    Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare progressive disease that manifests as parenchymal fibrosis of the upper lobe and pleura. Approximately 100 cases have been reported. Cutaneous manifestations of PPFE have not previously been described. Diagnosis is dependent on histologic identification of fibrosis with atypical elastic fibers, necessitating an invasive peripheral lung wedge biopsy.A 68-year-old male with a history of pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis presented with an asymptomatic, telangiectatic erythematous eruption on bilateral lower extremities. Biopsies demonstrated a subtle perivascular infiltrate with marked increase in atypical elastic fibers, similar to the elastosis in the patient's lungs.This is the first documented case of cutaneous manifestations in PPFE. Clinicians need to be aware that cutaneous eruptions clinically simulating telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans but lacking a mast cell infiltrate histologically, may have increased abnormal elastic fibers. Thus, early recognition of these lesions in patients with an undefined restrictive lung disorder, may facilitate the diagnosis of PPFE in some patients. PMID:27643829

  4. Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis: description of a novel clinicopathologic entity.

    PubMed

    Frankel, Stephen K; Cool, Carlyne D; Lynch, David A; Brown, Kevin K

    2004-12-01

    Between 1996 and 2001, we identified five cases of a unique idiopathic pleuroparenchymal lung disease characterized by a clinical presentation suggestive of a chronic idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, marked pleural and parenchymal radiographic involvement with an upper lobe predominance, and surgical lung biopsy findings that did not fit with any of the currently defined interstitial pneumonias. The pathologic findings included the following: (1) intense fibrosis of the visceral pleura; (2) prominent, homogenous, subpleural fibroelastosis; (3) sparing of the parenchyma distant from the pleura; (4) mild, patchy lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates; and (5) small numbers of fibroblastic foci present at the leading edge of the fibrosis. In this report, we characterize the clinical, radiographic, physiologic, and pathologic findings of this entity, which we term idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis. PMID:15596706

  5. Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis associated with aluminosilicate dust: a case report.

    PubMed

    Huang, Ziling; Li, Shuai; Zhu, Yi; Zhu, Hailong; Yi, Xianghua

    2015-01-01

    Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a recently described rare condition, characterized by pleural and subpleural parenchymal fibrosis, predominantly in the upper lobes. The clinical course of this disease is progressive and prognosis is poor, with little information regarding the etiology of IIPPFE. This report describes an IPPFE patient with convincing evidence of inhalational dust and suggests that dust exposure should be considered as a new causative factor of IPPFE. PMID:26339456

  6. Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis: is it also an idiopathic entity?

    PubMed

    Portillo, Karina; Guasch Arriaga, Ignasi; Ruiz-Manzano, Juan

    2015-10-01

    Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare disease that has been recently included in the updated consensus on idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. It shares some clinical features with other chronic interstitial pneumonias (dyspnea, dry cough), and is radiologically characterized by pleural and subpleural parenchymal fibrosis and elastosis, mainly in the upper lobes. The main histological findings include pleural fibrosis and prominent subpleural and parenchymal fibroelastosis. Its characterization is based on the increasing number of cases reported in the literature, so several aspects of the etiology, pathogenesis and natural history are still unknown. Although some cases have been described as idiopathic, PPFE has been reported as a complication after bone marrow transplantation, lung transplantation and chemotherapy, especially with alkylating agents.Spontaneous or iatrogenic pneumothorax is a frequently reported complication of invasive diagnostic tests for identifying PPFE. The disease course is variable, ranging from slow progression to rapid clinical deterioration. No treatment has shown evidence of efficacy, and lung transplantation remains the only option for patients who fulfill the diagnostic criteria for this option. Recognizing and disseminating the specific features of PPFE is essential to raise the level of clinical suspicion for this entity, and to implement appropriate multidisciplinary diagnostic management.

  7. Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis: is it also an idiopathic entity?

    PubMed

    Portillo, Karina; Guasch Arriaga, Ignasi; Ruiz-Manzano, Juan

    2015-10-01

    Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare disease that has been recently included in the updated consensus on idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. It shares some clinical features with other chronic interstitial pneumonias (dyspnea, dry cough), and is radiologically characterized by pleural and subpleural parenchymal fibrosis and elastosis, mainly in the upper lobes. The main histological findings include pleural fibrosis and prominent subpleural and parenchymal fibroelastosis. Its characterization is based on the increasing number of cases reported in the literature, so several aspects of the etiology, pathogenesis and natural history are still unknown. Although some cases have been described as idiopathic, PPFE has been reported as a complication after bone marrow transplantation, lung transplantation and chemotherapy, especially with alkylating agents.Spontaneous or iatrogenic pneumothorax is a frequently reported complication of invasive diagnostic tests for identifying PPFE. The disease course is variable, ranging from slow progression to rapid clinical deterioration. No treatment has shown evidence of efficacy, and lung transplantation remains the only option for patients who fulfill the diagnostic criteria for this option. Recognizing and disseminating the specific features of PPFE is essential to raise the level of clinical suspicion for this entity, and to implement appropriate multidisciplinary diagnostic management. PMID:26099364

  8. Endocardial pacing: the wave of the future?

    PubMed

    Bordachar, Pierre; Ploux, Sylvain; Lumens, Joost

    2012-10-01

    Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a proven treatment for heart failure and requires the implantation of a left ventricular (LV) lead, usually placed in a tributary of the coronary sinus. Encouraged by the fact that approximately 30 % of the patients receiving CRT do not benefit from this therapy, LV endocardial pacing has been proposed as an alternative to traditional LV transvenous epicardial pacing. Endocardial LV pacing has a number of potential advantages over conventional LV epicardial pacing, including a more physiological endocardial-to-epicardial transmural activation sequence, a faster ventricular activation, a larger choice of stimulation sites and a potential superior hemodynamic performance. On the other hand, cardiologists will have to deal with new implant techniques' (transseptal), higher risk of thromboembolic events, and challenging extraction procedures of infected material. The future of endocardial stimulation will depend on the results of randomized studies adequately powered to assess the feasibility, the safety and the effectiveness of this new pacing strategy.

  9. Myocardium and BMP signaling are required for endocardial differentiation.

    PubMed

    Palencia-Desai, Sharina; Rost, Megan S; Schumacher, Jennifer A; Ton, Quynh V; Craig, Michael P; Baltrunaite, Kristina; Koenig, Andrew L; Wang, Jinhu; Poss, Kenneth D; Chi, Neil C; Stainier, Didier Y R; Sumanas, Saulius

    2015-07-01

    Endocardial and myocardial progenitors originate in distinct regions of the anterior lateral plate mesoderm and migrate to the midline where they coalesce to form the cardiac tube. Endocardial progenitors acquire a molecular identity distinct from other vascular endothelial cells and initiate expression of specific genes such as nfatc1. Yet the molecular pathways and tissue interactions involved in establishing endocardial identity are poorly understood. The endocardium develops in tight association with cardiomyocytes. To test for a potential role of the myocardium in endocardial morphogenesis, we used two different zebrafish models deficient in cardiomyocytes: the hand2 mutant and a myocardial-specific genetic ablation method. We show that in hand2 mutants endocardial progenitors migrate to the midline but fail to assemble into a cardiac cone and do not express markers of differentiated endocardium. Endocardial differentiation defects were rescued by myocardial but not endocardial-specific expression of hand2. In metronidazole-treated myl7:nitroreductase embryos, myocardial cells were targeted for apoptosis, which resulted in the loss of endocardial nfatc1 expression. However, endocardial cells were present and retained expression of general vascular endothelial markers. We further identified bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) as a candidate myocardium-derived signal required for endocardial differentiation. Chemical and genetic inhibition of BMP signaling at the tailbud stage resulted in severe inhibition of endocardial differentiation while there was little effect on myocardial development. Heat-shock-induced bmp2b expression rescued endocardial nfatc1 expression in hand2 mutants and in myocardium-depleted embryos. Our results indicate that the myocardium is crucial for endocardial morphogenesis and differentiation, and identify BMP as a signal involved in endocardial differentiation.

  10. Effects of endocardial microwave energy ablation

    PubMed Central

    Climent, Vicente; Hurlé, Aquilino; Ho, Siew Yen; Sánchez-Quintana, Damián

    2005-01-01

    Until recently the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) consisted primarily of palliation, mostly in the form of pharmacological intervention. However because of recent advances in nonpharmacologic therapies, the current expectation of patients and referring physicians is that AF will be cured, rather than palliated. In recent years there has been a rapid expansion in the availability and variety of energy sources and devices for ablation. One of these energies, microwave, has been applied clinically only in the last few years, and may be a promising technique that is potentially capable of treating a wide range of ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias. The purpose of this study was to review microwave energy ablation in surgical treatment of AF with special interest in histology and ultrastructure of lesions produced by this endocardial ablation procedure. PMID:16943871

  11. Early endocardial morphogenesis requires Scl/Tal1.

    PubMed

    Bussmann, Jeroen; Bakkers, Jeroen; Schulte-Merker, Stefan

    2007-08-01

    The primitive heart tube is composed of an outer myocardial and an inner endocardial layer that will give rise to the cardiac valves and septa. Specification and differentiation of these two cell layers are among the earliest events in heart development, but the embryonic origins and genetic regulation of early endocardial development remain largely undefined. We have analyzed early endocardial development in the zebrafish using time-lapse confocal microscopy and show that the endocardium seems to originate from a region in the lateral plate mesoderm that will give rise to hematopoietic cells of the primitive myeloid lineage. Endocardial precursors appear to rapidly migrate to the site of heart tube formation, where they arrive prior to the bilateral myocardial primordia. Analysis of a newly discovered zebrafish Scl/Tal1 mutant showed an additional and previously undescribed role of this transcription factor during the development of the endocardium. In Scl/Tal1 mutant embryos, endocardial precursors are specified, but migration is severely defective and endocardial cells aggregate at the ventricular pole of the heart. We further show that the initial fusion of the bilateral myocardial precursor populations occurs independently of the endocardium and tal1 function. Our results suggest early separation of the two components of the primitive heart tube and imply Scl/Tal1 as an indispensable component of the molecular hierarchy that controls endocardium morphogenesis.

  12. Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis: the prevalence of secondary forms in hematopoietic stem cell and lung transplantation recipients

    PubMed Central

    Mariani, Francesca; Gatti, Beatrice; Rocca, Alberto; Bonifazi, Francesca; Cavazza, Alberto; Fanti, Stefano; Tomassetti, Sara; Piciucchi, Sara; Poletti, Venerino; Zompatori, Maurizio

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare form of interstitial pneumonia, characterized by elastotic fibrosis involving the pleura and subpleural parenchyma, predominantly in the upper lobes. PPFE can be either idiopathic or secondary and mostly occurs as a late complication of lung or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of secondary forms in transplant recipients. METHODS An expert thoracic radiologist retrospectively reviewed high-resolution computed tomography exams of 700 HSCT recipients and 53 lung transplant recipients from the database of the Radiology Department of S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital dating back from 2007. For each case that radiologically fulfilled PPFE criteria, the following details were retrieved: clinical characteristics, laboratory and functional data, pathologic findings (obtained from one patient) and metabolic data (obtained from three patients). RESULTS Six cases clinically and radiologically consistent with PPFE were identified: two HSCT recipients (0.28%) and four lung transplant recipients (7.54%). CONCLUSION In this study, PPFE was strongly associated with lung transplants as a late complication, with a prevalence of 7.54%. PMID:27460284

  13. The developmental origins and lineage contributions of endocardial endothelium.

    PubMed

    Nakano, Atsushi; Nakano, Haruko; Smith, Kelly A; Palpant, Nathan J

    2016-07-01

    Endocardial development involves a complex orchestration of cell fate decisions that coordinate with endoderm formation and other mesodermal cell lineages. Historically, investigations into the contribution of endocardium in the developing embryo was constrained to the heart where these cells give rise to the inner lining of the myocardium and are a major contributor to valve formation. In recent years, studies have continued to elucidate the complexities of endocardial fate commitment revealing a much broader scope of lineage potential from developing endocardium. These studies cover a wide range of species and model systems and show direct contribution or fate potential of endocardium giving rise to cardiac vasculature, blood, fibroblast, and cardiomyocyte lineages. This review focuses on the marked expansion of knowledge in the area of endocardial fate potential. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Cardiomyocyte Biology: Integration of Developmental and Environmental Cues in the Heart edited by Marcus Schaub and Hughes Abriel.

  14. Knock-out of nexilin in mice leads to dilated cardiomyopathy and endomyocardial fibroelastosis.

    PubMed

    Aherrahrou, Zouhair; Schlossarek, Saskia; Stoelting, Stephanie; Klinger, Matthias; Geertz, Birgit; Weinberger, Florian; Kessler, Thorsten; Aherrahrou, Redouane; Moreth, Kristin; Bekeredjian, Raffi; Hrabě de Angelis, Martin; Just, Steffen; Rottbauer, Wolfgang; Eschenhagen, Thomas; Schunkert, Heribert; Carrier, Lucie; Erdmann, Jeanette

    2016-01-01

    Cardiomyopathy is one of the most common causes of chronic heart failure worldwide. Mutations in the gene encoding nexilin (NEXN) occur in patients with both hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM); however, little is known about the pathophysiological mechanisms and relevance of NEXN to these disorders. Here, we evaluated the functional role of NEXN using a constitutive Nexn knock-out (KO) mouse model. Heterozygous (Het) mice were inter-crossed to produce wild-type (WT), Het, and homozygous KO mice. At birth, 32, 46, and 22 % of the mice were WT, Het, and KO, respectively, which is close to the expected Mendelian ratio. After postnatal day 6, the survival of the Nexn KO mice decreased dramatically and all of the animals died by day 8. Phenotypic characterizations of the WT and KO mice were performed at postnatal days 1, 2, 4, and 6. At birth, the relative heart weights of the WT and KO mice were similar; however, at day 4, the relative heart weight of the KO group was 2.3-fold higher than of the WT group. In addition, the KO mice developed rapidly progressive cardiomyopathy with left ventricular dilation and wall thinning and decreased cardiac function. At day 6, the KO mice developed a fulminant DCM phenotype characterized by dilated ventricular chambers and systolic dysfunction. At this stage, collagen deposits and some elastin deposits were observed within the left ventricle cavity, which resembles the features of endomyocardial fibroelastosis (EFE). Overall, these results further emphasize the role of NEXN in DCM and suggest a novel role in EFE.

  15. Air-leak Syndrome by Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis after Bone Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Ishii, Tomoya; Bandoh, Shuji; Kanaji, Nobuhiro; Tadokoro, Akira; Watanabe, Naoki; Imataki, Osamu; Dobashi, Hiroaki; Kushida, Yoshio; Haba, Reiji; Yokomise, Hiroyasu

    2016-01-01

    Objective Air-leak syndrome (ALS) is a life-threatening pulmonary complication following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) which is thought to be associated with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Recently, it has been reported that pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) also occurs after allo-BMT and often causes ALS. We sought to extract common features of ALS caused by PPFE after allo-BMT. Methods The clinical data of patients who developed ALS caused by PPFE after undergoing allo-BMT (ALS-PPFE) between April 1996 and December 2007 at our institution were collected and reviewed retrospectively. The clinical findings, radiological and pathological features and treatment outcomes of ALS-PPFE were assessed. Results Five patients who developed ALS had histologically proven PPFE (four men, one woman: median age, 37 years). The age of onset of ALS-PPFE was 13 to 109 months (median, 68.8 months) after BMT. Alkylating agents were used as conditioning chemotherapy for BMT in all patients. Only one patient developed chronic GVHD (limited type). The common radiological findings were subpleural thickening and traction bronchiectasis predominantly in the bilateral upper lung fields. The histological pulmonary specimens showed no findings of bronchiolitis obliterans or GVHD. Immunosuppressive therapy was not effective in any of the cases, and all patients died of respiratory failure with or without lung transplantation. Conclusion ALS-PPFE is an extremely late-onset noninfectious pulmonary complication of allo-BMT. This complication is progressive, resistant to immunosuppressive treatment and has a poor prognosis. No association was found between PPFE and GVHD. PMID:26781007

  16. Endocardial Endothelial Dysfunction Progressively Disrupts Initially Anti then Pro-Thrombotic Pathways in Heart Failure Mice

    PubMed Central

    Schoner, Amanda; Tyrrell, Christina; Wu, Melinda; Gelow, Jill M.; Hayes, Alicia A.; Lindner, Jonathan R.; Thornburg, Kent L.; Hasan, Wohaib

    2015-01-01

    Objective An experimental model of endocardial thrombosis has not been developed and endocardial endothelial dysfunction in heart failure (HF) is understudied. We sought to determine whether disruption of the endothelial anti-coagulant activated protein C (APC) pathway in CREBA133 HF mice promotes endocardial thrombosis in the acute decompensated phase of the disease, and whether alterations in von Willebrand factor (vWF) secretion from HF endocardium reduces thrombus formation as HF stabilizes. Approach and results Echocardiography was used to follow HF development and to detect endocardial thrombi in CREBA133 mice. Endocardial thrombi incidence was confirmed with immunohistochemistry and histology. In early and acute decompensated phases of HF, CREBA133 mice had the highest incidence of endocardial thrombi and these mice also had a shorter tail-bleeding index consistent with a pro-thrombotic milieu. Both APC generation, and expression of receptors that promote APC function (thrombomodulin, endothelial protein C receptor, protein S), were suppressed in the endocardium of acute decompensated HF mice. However, in stable compensated HF mice, an attenuation occurred for vWF protein content and secretion from endocardial endothelial cells, vWF-dependent platelet agglutination (by ristocetin), and thrombin generation on the endocardial surface. Conclusions CREBA133 mice develop HF and endocardial endothelial dysfunction. Attenuation of the anti-coagulant APC pathway promotes endocardial thrombosis in early and acute decompensated phases of HF. However, in stable compensated HF mice, disruptions in endothelial vWF expression and extrusion may actually reduce the incidence of endocardial thrombosis. PMID:26565707

  17. Endocardial tip cells in the human embryo - facts and hypotheses.

    PubMed

    Rusu, Mugurel C; Poalelungi, Cristian V; Vrapciu, Alexandra D; Nicolescu, Mihnea I; Hostiuc, Sorin; Mogoanta, Laurentiu; Taranu, Traian

    2015-01-01

    Experimental studies regarding coronary embryogenesis suggest that the endocardium is a source of endothelial cells for the myocardial networks. As this was not previously documented in human embryos, we aimed to study whether or not endothelial tip cells could be correlated with endocardial-dependent mechanisms of sprouting angiogenesis. Six human embryos (43-56 days) were obtained and processed in accordance with ethical regulations; immunohistochemistry was performed for CD105 (endoglin), CD31, CD34, α-smooth muscle actin, desmin and vimentin antibodies. Primitive main vessels were found deriving from both the sinus venosus and aorta, and were sought to be the primordia of the venous and arterial ends of cardiac microcirculation. Subepicardial vessels were found branching into the outer ventricular myocardium, with a pattern of recruiting α-SMA+/desmin+ vascular smooth muscle cells and pericytes. Endothelial sprouts were guided by CD31+/CD34+/CD105+/vimentin+ endothelial tip cells. Within the inner myocardium, we found endothelial networks rooted from endocardium, guided by filopodia-projecting CD31+/CD34+/CD105+/ vimentin+ endocardial tip cells. The myocardial microcirculatory bed in the atria was mostly originated from endocardium, as well. Nevertheless, endocardial tip cells were also found in cardiac cushions, but they were not related to cushion endothelial networks. A general anatomical pattern of cardiac microvascular embryogenesis was thus hypothesized; the arterial and venous ends being linked, respectively, to the aorta and sinus venosus. Further elongation of the vessels may be related to the epicardium and subepicardial stroma and the intramyocardial network, depending on either endothelial and endocardial filopodia-guided tip cells in ventricles, or mostly on endocardium, in atria. PMID:25617624

  18. Employability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

    This workbook contains seven units designed to help secondary-level vocational education students develop the employability skills necessary to find, keep, and advance in a job. Addressed in the individual units of the workbook are the following topics: assessing individual values, abilities, and interests; finding a job; developing basic…

  19. Endocardial fibrosarcoma in a reticulated python (Python reticularis).

    PubMed

    Gumber, Sanjeev; Nevarez, Javier G; Cho, Doo-Youn

    2010-11-01

    A female, reticulated python (Python reticularis) of unknown age was presented with a history of lethargy, weakness, and distended coelom. Physical examination revealed severe dystocia and stomatitis. The reticulated python was euthanized due to a poor clinical prognosis. Postmortem examination revealed marked distention of the reproductive tract with 26 eggs (10-12 cm in diameter), pericardial effusion, and a slightly firm, pale tan mass (3-4 cm in diameter) adhered to the endocardium at the base of aorta. Based on histopathologic and transmission electron microscopic findings, the diagnosis of endocardial fibrosarcoma was made.

  20. Star algorithm: detecting the ultrasonic endocardial boundary automatically.

    PubMed

    Yao, Wei; Tian, Jianming; Zhao, Baozhen; Chen, Ningning; Qian, Guozheng

    2004-07-01

    In clinical practice, interuser variability, high computational cost and low image quality are always big problems that puzzle the clinical application of computer-aided echocardiographic boundary detection. Star algorithm (StaA) is a new endocardial boundary detector that has been designed to overcome these problems. The purpose of the paper is to present the detection details of the algorithm and evaluate its clinical value. The main elements of StaA are radial search technique, cost function-driven system and self-designed edge detector. The algorithm has four main steps: image preprocessing, initial left ventricular chamber detection, left ventricular chamber center detection and left ventricular endocardial boundary detection. StaA was performed on 50 pairs of end-diastolic (ED) and end-systolic (ES) echocardiographic images, which were divided into high image-quality group (HImQ) and low image-quality group (LImQ). The results of the test were analyzed in two ways: 1. Compared with the manually-traced boundary, the mean relative radial error (MRRerr) of the computer-detected boundary was 12.07% and there is no significant difference of MRRerr between HImQ and LImQ. 2. The two-dimensional (2-D) ejection fraction calculated by the computer detected boundary (EFa) can be used interchangeably with that calculated by the manually-traced boundary (EFm). The test proves that simple and effective methods can also make the echocardiographic boundary detector automatic, quick and robust.

  1. Large right atrial thrombosis. Rare complication during permanent transvenous endocardial pacing.

    PubMed Central

    Nicolosi, G L; Charmet, P A; Zanuttini, D

    1980-01-01

    Right atrial thrombosis is a rare complication of permanent endocardial pacing. We report two cases with large right atrial thrombi which occurred during permanent endocardial electrical stimulation. Both patients were women, aged 83 and 89 years, who died suddenly, respectively, one month and 24 days after pacemaker implantation. At the time of death the two patients were in severe persistent refractory congestive heart failure despite appropriate medical treatment. At necropsy large mobile right atrial thrombi were found in both cases. Images PMID:7362712

  2. Probing chromatin landscape reveals roles of endocardial TBX20 in septation

    PubMed Central

    Boogerd, Cornelis J.; Aneas, Ivy; Sakabe, Noboru; Dirschinger, Ralph J.; Cheng, Quen J.; Chen, Ju; Nobrega, Marcelo A.; Evans, Sylvia M.

    2016-01-01

    Mutations in the T-box transcription factor TBX20 are associated with multiple forms of congenital heart defects, including cardiac septal abnormalities, but our understanding of the contributions of endocardial TBX20 to heart development remains incomplete. Here, we investigated how TBX20 interacts with endocardial gene networks to drive the mesenchymal and myocardial movements that are essential for outflow tract and atrioventricular septation. Selective ablation of Tbx20 in murine endocardial lineages reduced the expression of extracellular matrix and cell migration genes that are critical for septation. Using the assay for transposase-accessible chromatin with high-throughput sequencing (ATAC-seq), we identified accessible chromatin within endocardial lineages and intersected these data with TBX20 ChIP-seq and chromatin loop maps to determine that TBX20 binds a conserved long-range enhancer to regulate versican (Vcan) expression. We also observed reduced Vcan expression in Tbx20-deficient mice, supporting a direct role for TBX20 in Vcan regulation. Further, we show that the Vcan enhancer drove reporter gene expression in endocardial lineages in a TBX20–binding site–dependent manner. This work illuminates gene networks that interact with TBX20 to orchestrate cardiac septation and provides insight into the chromatin landscape of endocardial lineages during septation. PMID:27348591

  3. FOG-2 Attenuates Endothelial-to-Mesenchymal Transformation in the Endocardial Cushions of the Developing Heart

    PubMed Central

    Flagg, Alleda E.; Earley, Judy U.; Svensson, Eric C.

    2007-01-01

    Development of the heart valves is a complex process that relies on the successful remodeling of endocardial cushions. This process is dependent on a number of transcriptional regulators, including GATA4 and its interacting partner FOG-2. We have previously shown that the endocardial cushions in FOG-2 deficient mice are hyperplastic and fail to remodel appropriately, suggesting a defect late in endocardial cushion development. To elucidate this defect, we examined the later steps in endocardial cushion development including mesenchymal cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. We also measured myocardialization and endothelial-to-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) using previously described in vitro assays. We found no difference in the ability of the endocardial cushions to undergo myocardialization or in the rates of mesenchymal cell proliferation, differentiation, or apoptosis in the FOG-2 deficient cushions when compared to wild-type controls. However, using a collagen gel invasion assay, we found a 75% increase in outflow tract cushion EMT and a 35% increase in atrioventricular cushion EMT in the FOG-2 deficient mice when compared with wild-type mice. Taken together with GATA4’s known role in promoting EMT, these results suggest that FOG-2 functions in cardiac valve formation is as an attenuator of EMT by attenuating GATA4 activity within the developing endocardial cushions. PMID:17274974

  4. Endocardial cushion defect associated with cor triatriatum sinistrum or supravalve mitral ring.

    PubMed

    Thilenius, O G; Vitullo, D; Bharati, S; Luken, J; Lamberti, J J; Tatooles, C; Lev, M; Carr, I; Arcilla, R A

    1979-12-01

    Clinical and angiographic or autopsy data, or both, on three children with a subdivided left atrium (cor triatriatum) and an associated endocardial cushion defect are reviewed. (One child had ostium primum defect, and two had complete atrioventricular [A-V] canal.) A fourth patient demonstrates the difficulties in differentiating subdivided left atrium from supravalve mitral stenosis in the presence of an endocardial cushion defect. The clinical findings are greatly influenced by the endocardial cushion defect. A pressure gradient between the pulmonary wedge and (left or right) ventricular end-diastolic pressures in patients with an endocardial cushion defect indicates pulmonary venous obstruction and should alert one to the possibility of these combined lesions. The exact diagnosis is made with injections of angiographic contrast medium into the proximal and distal left atrial chambers, to documented the respective relations of the pulmonary veins, left atrial appendage and A-V valves to these atrial chambers. All three patients with an endocardial cushion defect and a subdivided left atrium had an associated patent ductus arteriosus. The common association of subdivided left atrium with intracardiac, pulmonary venous and aortic anomalies is again demonstrated.

  5. S1pr2/Gα13 signaling regulates the migration of endocardial precursors by controlling endoderm convergence.

    PubMed

    Xie, Huaping; Ye, Ding; Sepich, Diane; Lin, Fang

    2016-06-15

    Formation of the heart tube requires synchronized migration of endocardial and myocardial precursors. Our previous studies indicated that in S1pr2/Gα13-deficient embryos, impaired endoderm convergence disrupted the medial migration of myocardial precursors, resulting in the formation of two myocardial populations. Here we show that endoderm convergence also regulates endocardial migration. In embryos defective for S1pr2/Gα13 signaling, endocardial precursors failed to migrate towards the midline, and the presumptive endocardium surrounded the bilaterally-located myocardial cells rather than being encompassed by them. In vivo imaging of control embryos revealed that, like their myocardial counterparts, endocardial precursors migrated with the converging endoderm, though from a more anterior point, then moved from the dorsal to the ventral side of the endoderm (subduction), and finally migrated posteriorly towards myocardial precursors, ultimately forming the inner layer of the heart tube. In embryos defective for endoderm convergence due to an S1pr2/Gα13 deficiency, both the medial migration and the subduction of endocardial precursors were impaired, and their posterior migration towards the myocardial precursors was premature. This placed them medial to the myocardial populations, physically blocking the medial migration of the myocardial precursors. Furthermore, contact between the endocardial and myocardial precursor populations disrupted the epithelial architecture of the myocardial precursors, and thus their medial migration; in embryos depleted of endocardial cells, the myocardial migration defect was partially rescued. Our data indicate that endoderm convergence regulates the medial migration of endocardial precursors, and that premature association of the endocardial and myocardial populations contributes to myocardial migration defects observed in S1pr2/Gα13-deficient embryos. The demonstration that endoderm convergence regulates the synchronized

  6. Myocardial contraction and hyaluronic acid mechanotransduction in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transformation of endocardial cells

    PubMed Central

    Sewell-Loftin, Mary Kathryn; DeLaughter, Daniel M.; Peacock, Jon R.; Brown, Christopher B.; Baldwin, H. Scott; Barnett, Joey V.; Merryman, W. David

    2014-01-01

    Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of endocardial cells is a critical initial step in the formation of heart valves. The collagen gel in vitro model has provided significant information on the role of growth factors regulating EMT but has not permitted investigation of mechanical factors. Therefore we sought to develop a system to probe the effects of mechanical inputs on endocardial EMT by incorporating hyaluronic acid (HA), the primary component of endocardial cushions in developing heart valves, into the gel assay. This was achieved using a combination collagen and crosslinkable methacrylated HA hydrogel (Coll-MeHA). Avian atrioventricular canal explants on Coll-MeHA gels showed increased numbers of transformed cells. Analysis of the mechanical properties of Coll-MeHA gels show that stiffness does not directly affect EMT. Hydrogel deformation from the beating myocardium of explants directly led to higher levels of regional gel deformation and larger average strain magnitudes associated with invaded cells on Coll-MeHA gels. Inhibition of this contraction reduced EMT on all gel types, although to a lesser extent on Coll-MeHA gels. Using the system we have developed, which permits the manipulation of mechanical factors, we have demonstrated that active mechanical forces play a role in the regulation of endocardial EMT. PMID:24433835

  7. Evaluation of optical flow algorithms for tracking endocardial surfaces on three-dimensional ultrasound data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duan, Qi; Angelini, Elsa D.; Herz, Susan L.; Ingrassia, Christopher M.; Gerard, Olivier; Costa, Kevin D.; Holmes, Jeffrey W.; Laine, Andrew F.

    2005-04-01

    With relatively high frame rates and the ability to acquire volume data sets with a stationary transducer, 3D ultrasound systems, based on matrix phased array transducers, provide valuable three-dimensional information, from which quantitative measures of cardiac function can be extracted. Such analyses require segmentation and visual tracking of the left ventricular endocardial border. Due to the large size of the volumetric data sets, manual tracing of the endocardial border is tedious and impractical for clinical applications. Therefore the development of automatic methods for tracking three-dimensional endocardial motion is essential. In this study, we evaluate a four-dimensional optical flow motion tracking algorithm to determine its capability to follow the endocardial border in three dimensional ultrasound data through time. The four-dimensional optical flow method was implemented using three-dimensional correlation. We tested the algorithm on an experimental open-chest dog data set and a clinical data set acquired with a Philips' iE33 three-dimensional ultrasound machine. Initialized with left ventricular endocardial data points obtained from manual tracing at end-diastole, the algorithm automatically tracked these points frame by frame through the whole cardiac cycle. A finite element surface was fitted through the data points obtained by both optical flow tracking and manual tracing by an experienced observer for quantitative comparison of the results. Parameterization of the finite element surfaces was performed and maps displaying relative differences between the manual and semi-automatic methods were compared. The results showed good consistency between manual tracing and optical flow estimation on 73% of the entire surface with fewer than 10% difference. In addition, the optical flow motion tracking algorithm greatly reduced processing time (about 94% reduction compared to human involvement per cardiac cycle) for analyzing cardiac function in three

  8. Extracardiac autologous pericardial tunnel Fontan allows implantation of an endocardial atrial lead for sinus node dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Newcombe, Jennifer; Gordon, Brent; Razzouk, Anees; Bailey, Leonard; Mandapati, Ravi

    2014-09-01

    Sinus node dysfunction is common after the Fontan procedure, and pacemaker implantation has been reported in 9.2% of Fontan patients. The two options for pacemaker implantation for sinus node dysfunction after the Fontan operation are epicardial lead placement, which allows for dual-chamber pacing, or transvenous atrial pacing. We report the first successful implantation of an endocardial atrial lead for sinus node dysfunction in a patient with an extracardiac lateral tunnel Fontan.

  9. Endocardial versus epicardial electrical synchrony during LV free-wall pacing

    PubMed Central

    Faris, Owen P.; Evans, Frank J.; Dick, Alexander J.; Raman, Venkatesh K.; Ennis, Daniel B.; Kass, David A.; McVeigh, Elliot R.

    2007-01-01

    Cardiac resynchronization therapy has been most typically achieved by biventricular stimulation. However, left ventricular (LV) free-wall pacing appears equally effective in acute and chronic clinical studies. Recent data suggest electrical synchrony measured epicardially is not required to yield effective mechanical synchronization, whereas endocardial mapping data suggest synchrony (fusion with intrinsic conduction) is important. To better understand this disparity, we simultaneously mapped both endocardial and epicardial electrical activation during LV free-wall pacing at varying atrioventricular delays (AV delay 0–150 ms) in six normal dogs with the use of a 64-electrode LV endocardial basket and a 128-electrode epicardial sock. The transition from dyssynchronous LV-paced activation to synchronous RA-paced activation was studied by constructing activation time maps for both endo- and epicardial surfaces as a function of increasing AV delay. The AV delay at the transition from dyssynchronous to synchronous activation was defined as the transition delay (AVt). AVt was variable among experiments, in the range of 44–93 ms on the epicardium and 47–105 ms on the endocardium. Differences in endo- and epicardial AVt were smaller (−17 to +12 ms) and not significant on average (−5.0 ± 5.2 ms). In no instance was the transition to synchrony complete on one surface without substantial concurrent transition on the other surface. We conclude that both epicardial and endocardial synchrony due to fusion of native with ventricular stimulation occur nearly concurrently. Assessment of electrical epicardial delay, as often used clinically during cardiac resynchronization therapy lead placement, should provide adequate assessment of stimulation delay for inner wall layers as well. PMID:12855422

  10. Role of endocardial septal ablation in the treatment of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.

    PubMed

    Aksu, Tolga; Güler, Tümer Erdem; Yalın, Kıvanç; Gölcük, Şükriye Ebru; Özcan, Kazım Serhan

    2016-09-01

    Septal reduction therapy is accepted as a first therapeutic option for symptomatic drug-resistant hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Although, surgical septal myectomy is the gold standard method, alcohol septal ablation is a well-studied alternative approach in the patients with suitable anatomy. Endocardial septal ablation (ESA) therapy was relatively new defined modality and outcomes of the procedure were not clearly elucidated yet. We aimed to review the clinical aspects of ESA procedure and provide some historical background. PMID:27609434

  11. Conjunction of Endocardial and Coronary Venous System Mapping to Ablate Ventricular Arrhythmias

    PubMed Central

    Wo, Hung-Ta; Yeh, Jih-Kai; Chang, Po-Cheng; Wen, Ming-Shien; Wang, Chun-Chieh; Chou, Chung-Chuan; Yeh, San-Jou

    2016-01-01

    Background Ablation of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) with epicardial or intramural origins is technically challenging. Herein, we have described the successful ablation of left VAs via the coronary venous system (CVS) in conjunction with endocardial map guided by three-dimensional electroanatomical map in six patients. Methods Out of a total consecutive 84 patients with symptomatic idiopathic VAs, radiofrequency ablation via the CVS was performed on six patients (7%). Furthermore, we reviewed patient records and electrophysiologic studies with respect to clinical characteristics. Results Activation map was conducted in 5 patients, and the earliest activation sites were identified within the CVS. The preceding times to the onset of QRS complex were longer than those at the earliest endocardial sites (36.2 ± 5.6 ms vs. 14.2 ± 6.4 ms, p = 0.02, n = 5). Spiky fractionated long-duration potentials were recorded at the successful ablation sites in all 5 patients. The other patient received pacemapping only because of few spontaneous VAs during the procedure, and the best pacemap spot was found within the CVS. Irrigated catheters were required in 4 out of 6 patients because VAs were temporarily suppressed with regular ones. Conclusions Idiopathic VAs can be ablated via the CVS in conjunction with endocardial mapping. Additionally, spiky fractionated long-duration potential can function as a clue to identify the good ablation site. PMID:27274177

  12. Myocardial temperatures during in vivo endocardial Nd:YAG laser irradiation.

    PubMed

    Splinter, R; Svenson, R H; Littmann, L; Brucker, G G; Chuang, C H; Tuntelder, J R; Dezern, K R; Thompson, M; Nanney, G A; Tatsis, G P

    1995-04-01

    To determine safety and efficacy of neodymium:YAG laser irradiation of the endocardium, temperatures at both the epicardium and the endocardium were recorded for thermal damage evaluation. A total of 48 coagulation lesions were created at power settings of 20 and 30 W in 20 open chest dogs by transcatheter endocardial laser irradiation. Tissue temperatures were monitored by epicardial thermography (Tepi), and by endocardial thermocouples at the catheter tip (Tprox) and 4 mm below the endocardial surface (Tdist). In group I the optical fiber extended 1 mm from the catheter and irradiation times ranged from 3 to 60 sec. Tepi reached > or = 57 degrees after a weighted average of 5 sec of laser irradiation (n = 44). In group II the fiber was retracted 1 mm from the catheter tip, and irradiation times were 100 to 150 sec. Tepi reached > or = 57 degrees C after a weighted average of 30 sec (n = 4). Blood vessels were recognized as heat sinks until coagulation occurred. Lesion volume showed a proportional increase with total delivered energy. From the observed timeframes in epicardial temperature rise it is suggested that total direct light absorption at the epicardium was the main contribution to Tepi, and the Nd:YAG laser can efficiently create transmural lesions. The epicardial temperatures remained below 80 degrees C in combination with the constant movement of the epicardial wall suggested safety from thermal damage to the ambient organs. PMID:10172366

  13. Is local myocardial contractility related to endocardial acceleration signals detected by a transvenous pacing lead?

    PubMed

    Bongiorni, M G; Soldati, E; Arena, G; Quirino, G; Vernazza, F; Bernasconi, A; Garberoglio, B

    1996-11-01

    The availability of sensors monitoring cardiac function parameters may offer many interesting new applications in cardiac pacing. A microaccelerometer sensor (BEST, Biomechanical Endocardial Sorin Transducer) located at the tip of a pacing lead (PL) has been developed by Sorin Biomedica. The signal detected by the accelerometer, peak endocardial acceleration (PEA), was shown to reflect cardiac contractility and to be related to the dP/dt signal. Whether the PEA detected by the BEST sensor in different cardiac locations is the expression of local acceleration forces or reflects the whole heart contractility has not yet been demonstrated in humans. Endocardial acceleration and PEA were evaluated in five patients (4 males, 1 female, mean age 68 years) who underwent cardiac catheterization. Sinus rhythm was present in four patients and chronic atrial fibrillation was present in one. The BEST PL was introduced through the left subclavian vein and PEA signals were recorded: (1) at the apex of the right ventricle (RV), (2) within the coronary sinus (CS), (3) at the right atrial appendage (RAA), and (4) floating in the right atrium. The PEA signals were recorded simultaneously with surface ECG, intracardiac electrograms, and RV pressure. At each recording site, PEA signals with significant amplitude were always recorded during the preejection period, during the isovolumic contraction phase, independently of the recording site and cardiac rhythm. The PEA amplitude was higher in the RV (mean value 1.32 g) and it decreased in the RAA and CS (0.75 and 0.45 g, respectively). The same behavior of PEA was observed during sinus rhythm or atrial fibrillation. The amplitude and the timing of the PEA signals detected by the BEST accelerometer were independent of the recording site and atrial rhythm; they appeared to be strictly related to the global ventricular contractility. These results suggest that the BEST could be used either as an effective sensor in closed loop pacing systems

  14. Retinoic Acid Signaling Is Essential for Valvulogenesis by Affecting Endocardial Cushions Formation in Zebrafish Embryos.

    PubMed

    Li, Junbo; Yue, Yunyun; Zhao, Qingshun

    2016-02-01

    Retinoic acid (RA) plays important roles in many stages of heart morphogenesis. Zebrafish embryos treated with exogenous RA display defective atrio-ventricular canal (AVC) specification. However, whether endogenous RA signaling takes part in cardiac valve formation remains unknown. Herein, we investigated the role of RA signaling in cardiac valve development by knocking down aldh1a2, the gene encoding an enzyme that is mainly responsible for RA synthesis during early development, in zebrafish embryos. The results showed that partially knocking down aldh1a2 caused defective formation of primitive cardiac valve leaflets at 108 hpf (hour post-fertilization). Inhibiting endogenous RA signaling by 4-diethylaminobenzal-dehyde revealed that 16-26 hpf was a key time window when RA signaling affects the valvulogenesis. The aldh1a2 morphants had defective formation of endocardial cushion (EC) at 76 hpf though they had almost normal hemodynamics and cardiac chamber specification at early development. Examining the expression patterns of AVC marker genes including bmp4, bmp2b, nppa, notch1b, and has2, we found the morphants displayed abnormal development of endocardial AVC but almost normal development of myocardial AVC at 50 hpf. Being consistent with the reduced expression of notch1b in endocardial AVC, the VE-cadherin gene cdh5, the downstream gene of Notch signaling, was ectopically expressed in AVC of aldh1a2 morphants at 50 hpf, and overexpression of cdh5 greatly affected the formation of EC in the embryos at 76 hpf. Taken together, our results suggest that RA signaling plays essential roles in zebrafish cardiac valvulogenesis.

  15. Association between High Endocardial Unipolar Voltage and Improved Left Ventricular Function in Patients with Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    PubMed Central

    Park, Ki; Lai, Dejian; Handberg, Eileen M.; Perin, Emerson C.; Pepine, Carl J.; Anderson, R. David

    2016-01-01

    We know that endocardial mapping reports left ventricular electrical activity (voltage) and that these data can predict outcomes in patients undergoing traditional revascularization. Because the mapping data from experimental models have also been linked with myocardial viability, we hypothesized an association between increased unipolar voltage in patients undergoing intramyocardial injections and their subsequent improvement in left ventricular performance. For this exploratory analysis, we evaluated 86 patients with left ventricular dysfunction, heart-failure symptoms, possible angina, and no revascularization options, who were undergoing endocardial mapping. Fifty-seven patients received bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMC) injections and 29 patients received cell-free injections of a placebo. The average mapping site voltage was 9.7 ± 2 mV, and sites with voltage of ≥6.9 mV were engaged by needle and injected (with BMC or placebo). For all patients, at 6 months, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) improved, and after covariate adjustment this improvement was best predicted by injection-site voltage. For every 2-mV increase in baseline voltage, we detected a 1.3 increase in absolute LVEF units for all patients (P=0.038). Multiple linear regression analyses confirmed that voltage and the CD34+ count present in bone marrow (but not treatment assignment) were associated with improved LVEF (P=0.03 and P=0.014, respectively). In an exploratory analysis, higher endocardial voltage and bone marrow CD34+ levels were associated with improved left ventricular function among ischemic cardiomyopathy patients. Intramyocardial needle injections, possibly through stimulation of angiogenesis, might serve as a future therapy in patients with reduced left ventricular function and warrants investigation. PMID:27547135

  16. Endocardial Cushion Morphogenesis and Coronary Vessel Development Require Chicken Ovalbumin Upstream Promoter-Transcription Factor II

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Fu-Jung; You, Li-Ru; Yu, Cheng-Tai; Hsu, Wen-Hsin; Tsai, Ming-Jer; Tsai, Sophia Y.

    2013-01-01

    Objective Septal defects and coronary vessel anomalies are common congenital heart defects, yet their ontogeny and the underlying genetic mechanisms are not well understood. Here, we investigated the role of chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II (COUP-TFII, NR2F2) in cardiac organogenesis. Methods and Results We analyzed embryos deficient in COUP-TFII and observed a spectrum of cardiac defects, including atrioventricular septal defect, thin-walled myocardium, and abnormal coronary morphogenesis. We show by expression analysis that COUP-TFII is expressed in the endocardium and the epicardium but not in the myocardium of the ventricle. Using endothelial-specific COUP-TFII mutants and molecular approaches, we show that COUP-TFII deficiency resulted in endocardial cushion hypoplasia. This was attributed to the reduced growth and survival of atrioventricular cushion mesenchymal cells and defective epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) in the underlying endocardium. In addition, the endocardial EMT defect was accompanied by downregulation of Snai1, one of the master regulators of EMT, and upregulation of vascular endothelial-cadherin. Furthermore, we show that although COUP-TFII does not play a major role in the formation of epicardial cell cysts, it is critically important for the formation of epicardium. Ablation of COUP-TFII impairs epicardial EMT and coronary plexus formation. Conclusion Our results reveal that COUP-TFII plays cell-autonomous roles in the endocardium and the epicardium for endocardial and epicardial EMT, which are required for proper valve and coronary vessel formation during heart development. PMID:22962329

  17. Orthogonal electrode catheter array for mapping of endocardial focal site of ventricular activation

    SciTech Connect

    Desai, J.M.; Nyo, H.; Vera, Z.; Seibert, J.A.; Vogelsang, P.J. )

    1991-04-01

    Precise location of the endocardial site of origin of ventricular tachycardia may facilitate surgical and catheter ablation of this arrhythmia. The endocardial catheter mapping technique can locate the site of ventricular tachycardia within 4-8 cm2 of the earliest site recorded by the catheter. This report describes an orthogonal electrode catheter array (OECA) for mapping and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of endocardial focal site of origin of a plunge electrode paced model of ventricular activation in dogs. The OECA is an 8 F five pole catheter with four peripheral electrodes and one central electrode (total surface area 0.8 cm{sup 2}). In eight mongrel dogs, mapping was performed by arbitrarily dividing the left ventricle (LV) into four segments. Each segment was mapped with OECA to find the earliest segment. Bipolar and unipolar electrograms were obtained. The plunge electrode (not visible on fluoroscopy) site was identified by the earliest wave front arrival times of -30 msec or earlier at two or more electrodes (unipolar electrograms) with reference to the earliest recorded surface ECG (I, AVF, and V1). Validation of the proximity of the five electrodes of the OECA to the plunge electrode was performed by digital radiography and RFA. Pathological examination was performed to document the proximity of the OECA to the plunge electrode and also for the width, depth, and microscopic changes of the ablation. To find the segment with the earliest LV activation a total of 10 {plus minus} 3 (mean {plus minus} SD) positions were mapped. Mean arrival times at the two earlier electrodes were -39 {plus minus} 4 msec and -35 {plus minus} 3 msec. Digital radiography showed the plunge electrode to be within the area covered by all five electrodes in all eight dogs. The plunge electrode was within 1 cm2 area of the region of RFA in all eight dogs.

  18. Improvement of Right Ventricular Hemodynamics with Left Ventricular Endocardial Pacing during Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

    PubMed Central

    HYDE, EOIN R.; BEHAR, JONATHAN M.; CROZIER, ANDREW; CLARIDGE, SIMON; JACKSON, TOM; SOHAL, MANAV; GILL, JASWINDER S.; O'NEILL, MARK D.; RAZAVI, REZA; RINALDI, CHRISTOPHER A.

    2016-01-01

    Background Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with biventricular epicardial (BV‐CS) or endocardial left ventricular (LV) stimulation (BV‐EN) improves LV hemodynamics. The effect of CRT on right ventricular function is less clear, particularly for BV‐EN. Our objective was to compare the simultaneous acute hemodynamic response (AHR) of the right and left ventricles (RV and LV) with BV‐CS and BV‐EN in order to determine the optimal mode of CRT delivery. Methods Nine patients with previously implanted CRT devices successfully underwent a temporary pacing study. Pressure wires measured the simultaneous AHR in both ventricles during different pacing protocols. Conventional epicardial CRT was delivered in LV‐only (LV‐CS) and BV‐CS configurations and compared with BV‐EN pacing in multiple locations using a roving decapolar catheter. Results Best BV‐EN (optimal AHR of all LV endocardial pacing sites) produced a significantly greater RV AHR compared with LV‐CS and BV‐CS pacing (P < 0.05). RV AHR had a significantly increased standard deviation compared to LV AHR (P < 0.05) with a weak correlation between RV and LV AHR (Spearman rs = −0.06). Compromised biventricular optimization, whereby RV AHR was increased at the expense of a smaller decrease in LV AHR, was achieved in 56% of cases, all with BV‐EN pacing. Conclusions BV‐EN pacing produces significant increases in both LV and RV AHR, above that achievable with conventional epicardial pacing. RV AHR cannot be used as a surrogate for optimizing LV AHR; however, compromised biventricular optimization is possible. The beneficial effect of endocardial LV pacing on RV function may have important clinical benefits beyond conventional CRT. PMID:27001004

  19. Association between High Endocardial Unipolar Voltage and Improved Left Ventricular Function in Patients with Ischemic Cardiomyopathy.

    PubMed

    Park, Ki; Lai, Dejian; Handberg, Eileen M; Moyé, Lem; Perin, Emerson C; Pepine, Carl J; Anderson, R David

    2016-08-01

    We know that endocardial mapping reports left ventricular electrical activity (voltage) and that these data can predict outcomes in patients undergoing traditional revascularization. Because the mapping data from experimental models have also been linked with myocardial viability, we hypothesized an association between increased unipolar voltage in patients undergoing intramyocardial injections and their subsequent improvement in left ventricular performance. For this exploratory analysis, we evaluated 86 patients with left ventricular dysfunction, heart-failure symptoms, possible angina, and no revascularization options, who were undergoing endocardial mapping. Fifty-seven patients received bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMC) injections and 29 patients received cell-free injections of a placebo. The average mapping site voltage was 9.7 ± 2 mV, and sites with voltage of ≥6.9 mV were engaged by needle and injected (with BMC or placebo). For all patients, at 6 months, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) improved, and after covariate adjustment this improvement was best predicted by injection-site voltage. For every 2-mV increase in baseline voltage, we detected a 1.3 increase in absolute LVEF units for all patients (P=0.038). Multiple linear regression analyses confirmed that voltage and the CD34(+) count present in bone marrow (but not treatment assignment) were associated with improved LVEF (P=0.03 and P=0.014, respectively). In an exploratory analysis, higher endocardial voltage and bone marrow CD34(+) levels were associated with improved left ventricular function among ischemic cardiomyopathy patients. Intramyocardial needle injections, possibly through stimulation of angiogenesis, might serve as a future therapy in patients with reduced left ventricular function and warrants investigation. PMID:27547135

  20. [A case of endocardial elastosis in a 5-week old infant].

    PubMed

    Zinka, E; Czarnecki, L

    1992-09-01

    A case is presented of fulminant endocardial elastosis in a 5-week-old infant. The baby died after four days from the appearance of the first pathological symptoms with evidence of extreme circulatory insufficiency. Of main importance for intravital diagnosis was echocardiographic examination. The autopsy confirmed the diagnosis. The myocardium was hypertrophic without evidence of inflammation. The typical changes for this disease were found in parietal endocardium of both ventricles, both atria, as well as both atrioventricular valves, and aortic valve. PMID:1295263

  1. Correlation between echocardiographic endocardial surface mapping of abnormal wall motion and pathologic infarct size in autopsied hearts.

    PubMed

    Wilkins, G T; Southern, J F; Choong, C Y; Thomas, J D; Fallon, J T; Guyer, D E; Weyman, A E

    1988-05-01

    We previously developed a cross-sectional echocardiographic technique for quantitatively mapping the endocardial surface of the left ventricle and on which regions of abnormal wall motion can be superimposed in their correct spatial distribution. This endocardial mapping technique (EMT) provides a measure of the left ventricular endocardial surface area (ESA in cm2), the area of abnormal wall motion (AWM in cm2), and the overall percent dysfunction (%AWM) as a measure of the functional "infarct size." To test this approach, we compared the EMT measurements with the actual endocardial surface area (in cm2) and pathologic infarct size (both percent infarct by volume and percent endocardial surface overlying infarct) measured at later autopsy in 20 adults (14 men, six women) ranging in age from 47 to 76 years (mean 64 +/- 9.6 years). The median interval from echocardiographic study to death was 19 days (range 1 to 269 days). Patients were divided into two groups based on the age of their infarcts at the time of death: (1) recent (infarct age less than 14 days; mean age 5.3 +/- 4.6 days) and (2) old (infarct age greater than 6 months; mean age 3.6 +/- 3 years). When the left ventricular endocardial surface area at autopsy was compared with the EMT-derived ESA, a close correlation was found (EMT area = 1.17 X autopsy area + 20.4; r = .94, p = .0001), with the systematic difference in the measurements accounted for by systolic arrest, loss of distending pressure, and specimen shrinkage. The echocardiographic measure of infarct size (%AWM) correlated well with the autopsy percent infarction by volume (%AWM = 1.1 X infarct volume + 5.5; r = .82, p = .0001). Similarly, a good correlation was found for the percent abnormal wall motion and the autopsy percent endocardial surface area overlying infarction (%AWM = 0.89 X infarct area - 0.9; r = .89, p = .0001). When the data were examined in relation to the age of the myocardial infarct, the echocardiographic %AWM appeared to

  2. Analysis of endocardial acceleration during intraoperative optimization of cardiac resynchronization therapy

    PubMed Central

    Hernandez, Alfredo I.; Ziglio, Filippo; Amblard, Amel; Senhadji, Lotfi; Leclercq, Christophe

    2013-01-01

    Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is the therapy of choice for selected patients suffering from drug-refractory congestive heart failure and presenting an interventricular desynchronization. CRT is delivered by an implantable biventricular pacemaker, which stimulates the right atrium and both ventricles at specific timings. The optimization and personalization of this therapy requires to quantify both the electrical and the mechanical cardiac functions during the intraoperative and postoperative phases. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the feasibility of the calculation of features extracted from endocardial acceleration (EA) signals and the potential utility of these features for the intraoperative optimization of CRT. Endocardial intraoperative data from one patient are analyzed for 33 different pacing configurations, including changes in the atrio-ventricular and inter-ventricular delays and different ventricular stimulation sites. The main EA features are extracted for each pacing configuration and analyzed so as to estimate the intra-configuration and inter-configuration variability. Results show the feasibility of the proposed approach and suggest the potential utility of EA for intraoperative monitoring of the cardiac function and defining optimal, adaptive pacing configurations. PMID:24111356

  3. Treatment with TNF-α or bacterial lipopolysaccharide attenuates endocardial endothelial cell-mediated stimulation of cardiac fibroblasts

    PubMed Central

    Kuruvilla, Leena; Kartha, Cheranellore Chandrasekharan

    2009-01-01

    Background The endocardial endothelium that lines the inner cavity of the heart is distinct from the microvascular endothelial cells and modulates cardiac muscle performance in a manner similar to the vascular endothelial modulation of vascular structure and vasomotor tone. Although the modulatory effects of endocardial endothelium (EE) on cardiomyocytes are firmly established, the regulatory effects of endocardial endothelium on the cardiac interstitium and its cellular components remain ill defined. Methods and Results We investigated whether the stimulatory effect of EE on cardiac fibroblasts would be altered when EECs are activated by the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) or the endotoxin bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Both TNF-α and LPS were found to independently attenuate the stimulatory effect of EE on cardiac fibroblasts. These agents lowered the synthesis or release of ET-1 and increased the secretion of TGF-β and NO. Conclusion The findings of this study using endocardial endothelial cells (EECs) and neonatal cardiac fibroblasts demonstrate that pro-inflammatory cytokines cause altered secretion of paracrine factors by EECs and inhibit proliferation and lower collagen synthesis in fibroblasts. These changes may influence fibroblast response and extra cellular matrix remodeling in pathological conditions of the heart. PMID:19272191

  4. Electrical storm originating from a left ventricular epicardial scar in a patient with completely normal endocardial voltage.

    PubMed

    Sternick, Eduardo Back; Piorkowski, Christopher; Hindricks, Gerhard; Dagres, Nikolaos; Sommer, Philipp

    2011-11-01

    We report a patient with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy presenting with an electrical storm because of a poorly tolerated monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. Electroanatomical mapping revealed a scar restricted to the epicardium, whereas the endocardial voltage map was completely normal. Epicardial catheter ablation based on substrate mapping and limited pace and entrainment mapping eliminated the tachycardia.

  5. Epicardial and endocardial mapping determine most successful site of ablation for ventricular tachyarrhythmias originating from left ventricular summit.

    PubMed

    Iijima, Kenichi; Chinushi, Masaomi; Furushima, Hiroshi; Aizawa, Yoshifusa

    2012-06-01

    A 34-year-old woman presented with idiopathic premature ventricular complex (PVC) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) originating from the area called the left ventricular summit. Radiofrequency (RF) application both through the coronary sinus and to the epicardial surface transiently suppressed the VT/PVC. Radiofrequency with sufficient energy was only applicable from the endocardial site, and the VT/PVC was successfully eliminated.

  6. Automatic generation of endocardial surface meshes with 1-to-1 correspondence from cine-MR images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Su, Yi; Teo, S.-K.; Lim, C. W.; Zhong, L.; Tan, R. S.

    2015-03-01

    In this work, we develop an automatic method to generate a set of 4D 1-to-1 corresponding surface meshes of the left ventricle (LV) endocardial surface which are motion registered over the whole cardiac cycle. These 4D meshes have 1- to-1 point correspondence over the entire set, and is suitable for advanced computational processing, such as shape analysis, motion analysis and finite element modelling. The inputs to the method are the set of 3D LV endocardial surface meshes of the different frames/phases of the cardiac cycle. Each of these meshes is reconstructed independently from border-delineated MR images and they have no correspondence in terms of number of vertices/points and mesh connectivity. To generate point correspondence, the first frame of the LV mesh model is used as a template to be matched to the shape of the meshes in the subsequent phases. There are two stages in the mesh correspondence process: (1) a coarse matching phase, and (2) a fine matching phase. In the coarse matching phase, an initial rough matching between the template and the target is achieved using a radial basis function (RBF) morphing process. The feature points on the template and target meshes are automatically identified using a 16-segment nomenclature of the LV. In the fine matching phase, a progressive mesh projection process is used to conform the rough estimate to fit the exact shape of the target. In addition, an optimization-based smoothing process is used to achieve superior mesh quality and continuous point motion.

  7. Natural history of left ventricular size and function after acute myocardial infarction. Assessment and prediction by echocardiographic endocardial surface mapping.

    PubMed

    Picard, M H; Wilkins, G T; Ray, P A; Weyman, A E

    1990-08-01

    To investigate the natural history of regional dyssynergy and left ventricular size after myocardial infarction, 57 patients with a first Q wave myocardial infarction (18 anterior, 35 inferior, and four apical by echocardiography) were studied by two-dimensional echocardiography and compared with 30 control patients. Measurements from the echocardiograms were used to construct maps of the left ventricular endocardial surface from which the endocardial surface area index (ESAi) and the percent of the endocardial surface area involved by abnormal wall motion (%AWM) were calculated. The maps from entry and 3-month echocardiograms were used to classify patients based on changes in ESAi and abnormal wall motion. Two subgroups of patients were identified at entry--those with a normal ESAi (group 1, n = 50) and those with an increased ESAi (group 2, n = 7). Group 1 patients was subdivided at 3 months by changes occurring in ESAi (1A, 5% increase [n = 19]; 1B, no change [n = 23]; 1C, 5% decrease [n = 8]). The increase in ESAi (64.9 +/- 5.2 to 75.4 +/- 7.5 cm2/m2, p less than 0.0001) in group 1A was associated with global ventricular dilatation (n = 11) and clinically silent infarct extension (n = 8). Groups 1B and 1C were composed predominantly of patients with inferior infarctions, and all exhibited either no change or a significant decrease in infarct size (infarct regression). Group 2 patients demonstrated a continued increase in ESAi by 3 months (88.2 +/- 10.0 to 101.4 +/- 15.5 cm2/m2, p less than 0.007). This group comprised only patients with anterior infarctions, and all exhibited infarct expansion at the left ventricular apex. The changes in left ventricular size and functional infarct size are heterogeneous after acute myocardial infarction and relate to the initial endocardial surface area, infarct location, and functional infarct size. PMID:2372895

  8. Qualitative and quantitative effects of harmonic echocardiographic imaging on endocardial edge definition and side-lobe artifacts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rubin, D. N.; Yazbek, N.; Garcia, M. J.; Stewart, W. J.; Thomas, J. D.

    2000-01-01

    Harmonic imaging is a new ultrasonographic technique that is designed to improve image quality by exploiting the spontaneous generation of higher frequencies as ultrasound propagates through tissue. We studied 51 difficult-to-image patients with blinded side-by-side cineloop evaluation of endocardial border definition by harmonic versus fundamental imaging. In addition, quantitative intensities from cavity versus wall were compared for harmonic versus fundamental imaging. Harmonic imaging improved left ventricular endocardial border delineation over fundamental imaging (superior: harmonic = 71.1%, fundamental = 18.7%; similar: 10.2%; P <.001). Quantitative analysis of 100 wall/cavity combinations demonstrated brighter wall segments and more strikingly darker cavities during harmonic imaging (cavity intensity on a 0 to 255 scale: fundamental = 15.6 +/- 8.6; harmonic = 6.0 +/- 5.3; P <.0001), which led to enhanced contrast between the wall and cavity (1.89 versus 1.19, P <.0001). Harmonic imaging reduces side-lobe artifacts, resulting in a darker cavity and brighter walls, thereby improving image contrast and endocardial delineation.

  9. Usefulness of ventricular endocardial electric reconstruction from body surface potential maps to noninvasively localize ventricular ectopic activity in patients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lai, Dakun; Sun, Jian; Li, Yigang; He, Bin

    2013-06-01

    As radio frequency (RF) catheter ablation becomes increasingly prevalent in the management of ventricular arrhythmia in patients, an accurate and rapid determination of the arrhythmogenic site is of important clinical interest. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the inversely reconstructed ventricular endocardial current density distribution from body surface potential maps (BSPMs) can localize the regions critical for maintenance of a ventricular ectopic activity. Patients with isolated and monomorphic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) were investigated by noninvasive BSPMs and subsequent invasive catheter mapping and ablation. Equivalent current density (CD) reconstruction (CDR) during symptomatic PVCs was obtained on the endocardial ventricular surface in six patients (four men, two women, years 23-77), and the origin of the spontaneous ectopic activity was localized at the location of the maximum CD value. Compared with the last (successful) ablation site (LAS), the mean and standard deviation of localization error of the CDR approach were 13.8 and 1.3 mm, respectively. In comparison, the distance between the LASs and the estimated locations of an equivalent single moving dipole in the heart was 25.5 ± 5.5 mm. The obtained CD distribution of activated sources extending from the catheter ablation site also showed a high consistency with the invasively recorded electroanatomical maps. The noninvasively reconstructed endocardial CD distribution is suitable to predict a region of interest containing or close to arrhythmia source, which may have the potential to guide RF catheter ablation.

  10. Endocardial border delineation capability of a novel multimodal polymer-shelled contrast agent

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background A novel polymer-shelled contrast agent (CA) with multimodal and target-specific potential was developed recently. To determine its ultrasonic diagnostic features, we evaluated the endocardial border delineation as visualized in a porcine model and the concomitant effect on physiological variables. Methods Three doses of the novel polymer-shelled CA (1.5 ml, 3 ml, and 5 ml [5 × 108 microbubbles (MBs)/ml]) and the commercially available CA SonoVue (1.5 ml [2–5 × 108 MBs/ml]) were used. Visual evaluations of ultrasound images of the left ventricle were independently performed by three observers who graded each segment in a 6-segment model as either 0 = not visible, 1 = weakly visible, or 2 = visible. Moreover, the duration of clinically useful contrast enhancement and the left ventricular opacification were determined. During anesthesia, oxygen saturation, heart rate, and arterial pressure were sampled every minute and the effect of injection of CA on these physiological variables was evaluated. Results The highest dose of the polymer-shelled CA gave results comparable to SonoVue. Thus, no significant difference in the overall segment score distribution (2-47-95 vs. 1-39-104), time for clinically sufficient contrast enhancement (20–40 s for both) and left ventricular overall opacification was found. In contrast, when comparing the endocardial border delineation capacity for different regions SonoVue showed significantly higher segment scores for base and mid, except for the mid region when injecting 1.5 ml of the polymer-shelled CA. Neither high nor low doses of the polymer-shelled CA significantly affected the investigated physiological variables. Conclusions This study demonstrated that the novel polymer-shelled CA can be used in contrast-enhanced diagnostic imaging without influence on major physiological variables. PMID:24993845

  11. Molecular analysis of the nondisjoined chromosome in trisomy 21 with and without endocardial cushion defects

    SciTech Connect

    Zittergruen, M.M.; Murray, J.C.; Lauer, R.M.

    1994-09-01

    Congenital heart disease is found in approximately 40% of patients with Down syndrome (DS), with endocardial cushion defects (ECDs) comprising one-third of the defects. Sixteen highly polymorphic microsatellite markers were typed in two groups (Group 1: DS with ECD, n=43, and Group 2: DS without ECD, n=52) to determine: (1) the parental origin of the extra chromosome, (2) the presence or absence of disomic homozygosity (reduced) or heterozygosity (nonreduced) of the markers along 21q, and (3) the presence or absence of recombination in the nondisjoined chromosome. The association of these three factors with the presence of ECD in DS was then determined. The origin of the nondisjoined chromosome was maternal in 86.3% of the total cases with no significant differences between groups 1 and 2. The most centromeric marker was nonreduced in 77% of the maternally-derived trisomies (indicative of a meiosis II nondisjunction) with no significant differences between groups 1 and 2. The most telomeric markers showed no differences in the number of reduced or nonreduced markers between maternally and paternally derived chromosomes or between groups 1 and 2. Recombination was significantly decreased in group 1 (28%) compared to group 2 (56%) (chi-square 7.45, p < 0.01) with similar values for both paternally and maternally-derived trisomies. Overall, recombination was present in 43.2% of the nondisjoined chromosomes which is similar to the 42.3% recombination reported in nondisjoined chromosomes in trisomy 21.

  12. Correlation of scintigraphic phase maps with intraoperative epicardial/endocardial maps in patients with activation disturbances

    SciTech Connect

    Dae, M.W.; Botvinick, E.H.; Scheinmann, M.H.; Morady, F.J.; Davis, J.A.; Schechtmann, N.; Frais, M.; Faulkner, D.; O'Connell, W.

    1984-01-01

    To assess the true accuracy of scintigraphic findings, 8 patients (PTS), 6 with pre-excitation (PEX) syndrome and 2 with intractable ventricular tachycardia (VT), were studied by phase analysis, prior to corrective surgery. Sites of earliest phase angle were determined in multiple projections during the conduction disturbance, compared to sites of early ventricular activation determined by epicardial mapping during PEX and, when performed, by endocardial mapping during VT, and to maps previously generated at conventional electrophysiologic study (EPS). Among PEX PTS, Rt and Lt lateral, Lt anterolateral, Rt and Lt posterolateral and posteroseptal bypass pathways mapped at surgery correlated with phase localization. While localization from EPS also correlated well with surgical maps in 4 PTS, 1 PT could not be mapped by EPS and another presented ambiguities. Scintigraphic localization also correlated well with surgical mapping in a PT with a RV VT focus while EPS was suggestive but uncertain. A second PT with VT mapped scintigraphically to originate in a Lt lateral focus, demonstrated a similar localization on EPS, and during surgical mapping, an incision made through the scintigraphic focus terminated VT. Incision in regions of earliest activity in the first VT PT and in PTS with PEX resolved the arrhythmia or interrupted the bypass tract. Phase mapping correlated closely with surface mapping at surgery while providing an accurate, independent method for noninvasive assessment of conduction disturbances and a complementary tool to standard EPS.

  13. Implanted endocardial lead characteristics and risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack

    PubMed Central

    Vaidya, Vaibhav R.; DeSimone, Christopher V.; Chandra, Vishnu M.; Noheria, Amit; Hodge, David O.; Slusser, Joshua P.; Rabinstein, Alejandro A.; Friedman, Paul A.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been recently implicated as a strong predictor of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in patients with implanted pacemaker or defibrillation leads. Leads in the right heart can form thrombi that embolize to the pulmonary circulation and raise pulmonary pressure. This increases right-to-left shunting through PFO or intrapulmonary shunts and can result in paradoxical embolism. We sought to determine whether certain lead characteristics confer a higher thrombogenic risk resulting in stroke/ TIAs in patients either with or without a PFO. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 5,646 patients (mean age 67.3±16.3 years, 64 % male) who had endocardial device leads implanted in 2000–2010. We performed univariate and multivariate-adjusted proportional hazards models to determine association of lead characteristics with stroke/TIA during follow-up. Results On univariate analysis, passively fixated tined leads were associated with more stroke/TIAs (HR 1.77, 95 % CI 1.27, 2.47; p<0.001), whereas presence of defibrillation coil was associated with fewer stroke/TIAs (HR 0.59, 95 % CI 0.42–0.84; p=0.003). Number of leads per patient, presence of atrial lead, maximum lead size, tip shape, and type of insulating material were not associated with stoke/TIA. On multivariate analyses adjusting for age, sex, diagnosis of PFO, and prior history of stroke/TIA, the presence of tined leads was associated with stroke/TIA (HR 1.41, 95 % CI 1.00–1.97; p=0.049). Defibrillation coils were no longer associated with lower stroke/TIA on multivariate analysis. Conclusions Most physical characteristics of contemporary leads do not impact rate of stroke/TIA among patients receiving implantable devices. The presence of a PFO is a major risk factor for stroke/TIA in patients with endovascular leads. PMID:24771226

  14. Limitations of digital subtraction contrast echocardiography in enhancing left ventricular endocardial definition.

    PubMed

    Rovai, D; Nissen, S E; Elion, J L; Distante, A; DeMaria, A N

    1987-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the digital subtraction technique, applied to contrast echocardiography of the left ventricle (LV), might improve endocardial edge identification by two-dimensional echocardiography. Injections of the polysaccharide agent SHU-454 were made into the LV of five closed-chest dogs. Data were obtained at different levels of ejection fraction (EF) induced by pharmacologic or mechanical interventions and were documented by left ventriculography (VGRAM) in the right anterior oblique projection. Contrast echocardiography was recorded in the apical four-chamber view. The echocardiographic images were digitized off-line into a 256 X 256 pixel matrix with 256 gray levels/pixel. Two end-diastolic frames prior to contrast appearance were averaged to obtain a mask that was subtracted from end-diastolic contrast frames corresponding to the two beats of peak intensity. The same procedure was repeated for the systolic frames. LV edges from echocardiographic images prior to contrast appearance, from digitally subtracted echo-contrast images, and from VGRAM were traced on two occasions by two different observers. LV volumes were calculated by single-plane Simpson's rule and EF was derived by the classical equation. The intra- and interobserver reproducibility in the measurement of EF was excellent for VGRAM (r = 0.95 and 0.94, respectively), it was good for two-dimensional echocardiography (r = 0.87 and 0.73), and was fair for contrast-echo (r = 0.79 and 0.68).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3296718

  15. Quantification of the Transmural Dynamics of Atrial Fibrillation by Simultaneous Endocardial and Epicardial Optical Mapping in an Acute Sheep Model

    PubMed Central

    Gutbrod, Sarah R.; Walton, Richard; Gilbert, Stephen; Meillet, Valentin; Jaïs, Pierre; Hocini, Mélèze; Haïssaguerre, Michel; Dubois, Rémi; Bernus, Olivier; Efimov, Igor

    2015-01-01

    Background Therapy strategies for atrial fibrillation based on electrical characterization are becoming viable personalized medicine approaches to treat a notoriously difficult disease. In light of these approaches that rely on high-density surface mapping, this study aims to evaluate the presence of three-dimensional electrical substrate variations within the transmural wall during acute episodes of atrial fibrillation Methods and Results Optical signals were simultaneously acquired from the epicardial and endocardial tissue during acute fibrillation in ovine isolated left atria. Dominant frequency, regularity index, propagation angles and phase dynamics were assessed and correlated across imaging planes to gauge the synchrony of the activation patterns compared to paced rhythms. Static frequency parameters were well correlated spatially between the endocardium and the epicardium (dominant frequency, 0.79±0.06 and regularity index, 0.93±0.009). However, dynamic tracking of propagation vectors and phase singularity trajectories revealed discordant activity across the transmural wall. The absolute value of the difference in the number, spatial stability, and temporal stability of phase singularities between the epicardial and endocardial planes was significantly greater than 0 with a median difference of 1.0, 9.27%, and 19.75%, respectively. The number of wavefronts with respect to time was significantly less correlated and the difference in propagation angle was significantly larger in fibrillation compared to paced rhythms. Conclusion Atrial fibrillation substrates are dynamic three-dimensional structures with a range of discordance between the epicardial and endocardial tissue. The results of this study suggest that transmural propagation may play a role in AF maintenance mechanisms. PMID:25713215

  16. [Endocardial Electrophysiological Study in an Asymptomatic Competitive Athlete With Ventricular Preexitation due to Conduction via Fasciculoventricular Accessory Pathway].

    PubMed

    Guseynova, R R; Zhelyakov, E G; Ardashev, A V; Belenkov, Yu N

    2015-01-01

    We present a clinical case of a rare form of the WPW phenomenon due to anterograde conduction over fasciculoventricular accessory pathway in 20-year-old competitive athlete. The patient had no history of palpitations or syncope. ECG revealed shortening of PQ interval (112 ms) and wide QRS complex due to conduction via accessory pathway. To address the question of participation in competitive activity and the need for ablation the patient underwent endocardial electrophysiological study in the course of which we verified conduction via fasciculoventricular accessory pathway. The result of the study was used in determination of strategy of further management.

  17. Encircling endocardial ventriculotomy for refractory ischemic ventricular tachycardia. II. Effects on regional myocardial blood flow.

    PubMed

    Ungerleider, R M; Holman, W L; Stanley, T E; Lofland, G K; Williams, J M; Smith, P K; Quick, G; Cox, J L

    1982-06-01

    Previous experimental studies of the encircling endocardial ventriculotomy (EEV) have shown a significant alteration of normal local electrical activity within the encompassed region. Although this procedure may result in isolation of ventricular arrhythmias, the data are more suggestive of a less specific effect on regional myocardial blood flow. This study examines the effect of EEV on local myocardial blood flow using the radioactive tracer microsphere technique in 10 dogs. Flows were determined before and after an EEV with the animals on cardiopulmonary bypass at controlled perfusion pressures, temperatures, and heart rates. Blood flow was studied at subepicardial and subendocardial levels inside, outside, and bordering the EEV. Prior to performance of the EEV, subepicardial blood flow in the left ventricular myocardium ranged from 0.81 +/- 0.07 to 0.89 +/- 0.08 ml/gm/min. Subendocardial flows ranged from 0.80 +/- 0.07 to 0.91 +/- 0.09 ml/gm/min. There was no significant difference between any of the flows across each respective layer of myocardium. Following the EEV procedure, blood flow to the subendocardium within the EEV fell to 0.33 +/- 0.07 ml/gm/min, while flow to the subendocardium of the normal regions of the same hearts actually increased to 1.21 +/- 0.23 ml/gm/min. Similar changes occurred at subepicardial levels, with flow at the center of the EEV falling to 0.66 +/- 0.10 ml/gm/min despite a tendency for normal subepicardial flow to increase to 1.78 +/- 0.24 ml/gm/min. Superimposed ischemia to the EEV-encompassed myocardium, created by occlusion of the distal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), accentuated this abnormality by demonstrating that the region continues to receive some flow from epicardially based coronary vessels. The data from this study show that the EEV decreased regional blood flow to the encompassed myocardium and suggests that myocardial ischemia may be responsible for ablation of the delicate re-entrant mechanisms

  18. Immediate regional endocardial surface expansion following coronary occlusion in the canine left ventricle: disproportionate effects of anterior versus inferior ischemia.

    PubMed

    Picard, M H; Wilkins, G T; Gillam, L D; Thomas, J D; Weyman, A E

    1991-03-01

    The exact time of onset of functional expansion after acute myocardial infarction/ischemia remains unclear in spite of its potential link to chronic pathologic infarct expansion and its potential implications for therapy. To examine this early change in ventricular morphology, 14 open-chest dogs were studied with two-dimensional echocardiography before and after occlusion (10 minutes) of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD, n = 7) or circumflex artery (CIRC, n = 7). The endocardial surface area (ESA) and the area of abnormal wall motion (AWM) were reconstructed from the echocardiographic data using a previously reported technique for quantitatively mapping the ESA and extent of AWM. For the total group (N = 14), the mean ESA before occlusion was 48.9 +/- 9.8 cm2, increasing to 65.7 +/- 18.9 cm2 at 10 minutes occlusion (p less than 0.001). For the LAD subgroup, the mean ESA before occlusion was 50.7 +/- 9.3 cm2, increasing to 79.1 +/- 14.1 cm2 at 10 minutes following occlusion (p less than 0.001). For the CIRC subgroup, the mean ESA before occlusion was 47.1 +/- 10.8 cm2, increasing to 52.3 +/- 12.6 cm2 at 10 minutes after occlusion (p less than 0.001). The ESA increase for the LAD subgroup was significantly larger than that of the CIRC subgroup (LAD range 14.5 to 49.9 cm2 versus CIRC range 1.5 to 9 cm2, p less than 0.0001). Coronary occlusion resulted in similarly sized regions of AWM for both subgroups (LAD, 31.3 +/- 12.2 cm2 versus CIRC, 25.9 +/- 10.3 cm2, p = n.s.). For the LAD group, the largest increase in endocardial circumference occurred within the zone of AWM at the apex (39.9 +/- 12%). The endocardial surface area therefore expands immediately after coronary occlusion and the magnitude of this process is primarily related to the site (anteroapical) rather than to the extent of AWM. PMID:2000741

  19. Endoscopic fluorescence mapping of the left atrium: A novel experimental approach for high resolution endocardial mapping in the intact heart

    PubMed Central

    Kalifa, Jérôme; Klos, Matthew; Zlochiver, Sharon; Mironov, Sergey; Tanaka, Kazuhiko; Ulahannan, Netha; Yamazaki, Masatoshi; Jalife, José; Berenfeld, Omer

    2007-01-01

    Background Despite availability of several mapping technologies to investigate the electrophysiological mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF), an experimental tool enabling high resolution mapping of electrical impulse on the endocardial surface of the left atrium is still lacking. Objective To present a new optical mapping approach implementing a steerable cardio-endoscope in isolated hearts. Methods The system consists of a direct or side-view endoscope coupled to a 532 nm excitation Laser for illumination, and to a CCD camera for imaging of potentiometric dye fluorescence (DI-4-ANEPPS, 80×80 pixels, 200–800 frames/sec). The cardio-endoscope was aimed successively at diverse posterior left atrial (PLA) locations to obtain high resolution movies of electrical wave propagation, as well as detailed endocardial anatomical features, in the presence and the absence of atrial stretch. Results We present several examples of high resolution endoscopic PLA recordings of wave propagation patterns during both sinus rhythm and AF with signal-to-noise ratio similar to conventional optical mapping systems. We demonstrate the endoscope’s ability to visualize highly organized AF sources (rotors) at specific locations on the PLA and PLA-pulmonary vein junctions, and present video images of waves emanating from such sources as they propagate into pectinate muscles in the LA appendage. In particular, we demonstrate this approach to be ideally suited for studying the effects of atrial stretch on AF dynamics. Conclusions In isolated hearts, cardio-endoscopic optical mapping of electrical activity should enable comprehensive evaluation of atrial fibrillatory activity in the PLA, of the role of the local anatomy on AF dynamics and of the efficacy of pharmacological and ablative interventions. PMID:17599678

  20. Endocardial-to-mesenchymal transformation and mesenchymal cell colonization at the onset of human cardiac valve development.

    PubMed

    Monaghan, Michael G; Linneweh, Miriam; Liebscher, Simone; Van Handel, Ben; Layland, Shannon L; Schenke-Layland, Katja

    2016-02-01

    The elucidation of mechanisms in semilunar valve development might enable the development of new therapies for congenital heart disorders. Here, we found differences in proliferation-associated genes and genes repressed by VEGF between human semilunar valve leaflets from first and second trimester hearts. The proliferation of valve interstitial cells and ventricular valve endothelial cells (VECs) and cellular density declined from the first to the second trimester. Cytoplasmic expression of NFATC1 was detected in VECs (4 weeks) and, later, cells in the leaflet/annulus junction mesenchyme expressing inactive NFATC1 (5.5-9 weeks) were detected, indicative of endocardial-to-mesenchymal transformation (EndMT) in valvulogenesis. At this leaflet/annulus junction, CD44(+) cells clustered during elongation (11 weeks), extending toward the tip along the fibrosal layer in second trimester leaflets. Differing patterns of maturation in the fibrosa and ventricularis were detected via increased fibrosal periostin content, which tracked the presence of the CD44(+) cells in the second trimester. We revealed that spatiotemporal NFATC1 expression actively regulates EndMT during human valvulogenesis, as early as 4 weeks. Additionally, CD44(+) cells play a role in leaflet maturation toward the trilaminar structure, possibly via migration of VECs undergoing EndMT, which subsequently ascend from the leaflet/annulus junction.

  1. Mmp15 is a direct target of Snai1 during endothelial to mesenchymal transformation and endocardial cushion development.

    PubMed

    Tao, Ge; Levay, Agata K; Gridley, Thomas; Lincoln, Joy

    2011-11-15

    Cardiac valves originate from endocardial cushions (EC) formed by endothelial-to-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) during embryogenesis. The zinc-finger transcription factor Snai1 has previously been reported to be important for EMT during organogenesis, yet its role in early valve development has not been directly examined. In this study we show that Snai1 is highly expressed in endothelial, and newly transformed mesenchyme cells during EC development. Mice with targeted snai1 knockdown display hypocellular ECs at E10.5 associated with decreased expression of mesenchyme cell markers and downregulation of the matrix metalloproteinase (mmp) family member, mmp15. Snai1 overexpression studies in atrioventricular canal collagen I gel explants indicate that Snai1 is sufficient to promote mmp15 expression, cell transformation, and mesenchymal cell migration and invasion. However, treatment with the catalytically active form of MMP15 promotes cell motility, and not transformation. Further, we show that Snai1-mediated cell migration requires MMP activity, and caMMP15 treatment rescues attenuated migration defects observed in murine ECs following snai1 knockdown. Together, findings from this study reveal previously unappreciated mechanisms of Snai1 for the direct regulation of MMPs during EC development.

  2. Mmp15 is a direct target of Snai1 during endothelial to mesenchymal transformation and endocardial cushion development

    PubMed Central

    Tao, Ge; Levay, Agata K.; Gridley, Thomas; Lincoln, Joy

    2011-01-01

    Cardiac valves originate from endocardial cushions (EC) formed by endothelial-to-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) during embryogenesis. The zinc-finger transcription factor Snai1 has previously been reported to be important for EMT during organogenesis, yet its role in early valve development has not been directly examined. In this study we show that Snai1 is highly expressed in endothelial, and newly transformed mesenchyme cells during EC development. Mice with targeted snai1 knockdown display hypocellular ECs at E10.5 associated with decreased expression of mesenchyme cell markers and downregulation of the matrix metalloproteinase (mmp) family member, mmp15. Snai1 overexpression studies in atrioventricular canal collagen I gel explants indicate that Snai1 is sufficient to promote mmp15 expression, cell transformation, and mesenchymal cell migration and invasion. However, treatment with the catalytically active form of MMP15 promotes cell motility, and not transformation. Further, we show that Snai1-mediated cell migration requires MMP activity, and caMMP15 treatment rescues attenuated migration defects observed in murine ECs following snai1 knockdown. Together, findings from this study reveal previously unappreciated mechanisms of Snai1 for the direct regulation of MMPs during EC development. PMID:21920357

  3. Endocardial Remodeling in Heart Failure Patients with Impaired and Preserved Left Ventricular Systolic Function--A Magnetic Resonance Image Study.

    PubMed

    Lin, Lian-Yu; Su, Mao-Yuan M; Pham, Van-Truong; Tran, Thi-Thao; Wang, Yung-Hung; Tseng, Wen-Yih I; Lo, Men-Tzung; Lin, Jiunn-Lee

    2016-01-01

    Left ventricular (LV) trabeculation has been studied in certain forms of cardiomyopathy. However, the changes of LV endocardial trabeculation during the remodeling process leading to heart failure (HF) are unclear. Seventy-four patients with systolic heart failure (SHF), 65 with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and 61 without HF were prospectively enrolled. All subjects received magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study including cine, T1 and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images. Trabecular-papillary muscle (TPM) mass, fractal dimension (FD) and extracellular volume (ECV) were derived. The results showed that TPM mass index was higher in patients with SHF than that in patients with HFpEF and non-HF. The TPM mass-LV mass ratio (TPMm/LVM) was higher in SHF group than that in HFpEF and non-HF. FD was not different among groups. The presence of LGE was inversely associated with TPM mass index and TPMm/LVM while the ECV were positively associated with TPMm/LVM. The FD was positively associated with LV chamber size. In conclusion, TPM increases in patients with SHF and are probably related to myocardial cell hypertrophy and fibrotic repair during remodeling. The FD increases with the dilatation of LV chamber but remain unchanged with the deterioration of LV function. PMID:26876005

  4. Id4 functions downstream of Bmp signaling to restrict TCF function in endocardial cells during atrioventricular valve development.

    PubMed

    Ahuja, Suchit; Dogra, Deepika; Stainier, Didier Y R; Reischauer, Sven

    2016-04-01

    The atrioventricular canal (AVC) connects the atrial and ventricular chambers of the heart and its formation is critical for the development of the cardiac valves, chamber septation and formation of the cardiac conduction system. Consequently, problems in AVC formation can lead to congenital defects ranging from cardiac arrhythmia to incomplete cardiac septation. While our knowledge about early heart tube formation is relatively comprehensive, much remains to be investigated about the genes that regulate AVC formation. Here we identify a new role for the basic helix-loop-helix factor Id4 in zebrafish AVC valve development and function. id4 is first expressed in the AVC endocardium and later becomes more highly expressed in the atrial chamber. TALEN induced inactivation of id4 causes retrograde blood flow at the AV canal under heat induced stress conditions, indicating defects in AV valve function. At the molecular level, we found that id4 inactivation causes misexpression of several genes important for AVC and AV valve formation including bmp4 and spp1. We further show that id4 appears to control the number of endocardial cells that contribute to the AV valves by regulating Wnt signaling in the developing AVC endocardium. PMID:26892463

  5. Endocardial Remodeling in Heart Failure Patients with Impaired and Preserved Left Ventricular Systolic Function-A Magnetic Resonance Image Study

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Lian-Yu; Su, Mao-Yuan M.; Pham, Van-Truong; Tran, Thi-Thao; Wang, Yung-Hung; Tseng, Wen-Yih I.; Lo, Men-Tzung; Lin, Jiunn-Lee

    2016-01-01

    Left ventricular (LV) trabeculation has been studied in certain forms of cardiomyopathy. However, the changes of LV endocardial trabeculation during the remodeling process leading to heart failure (HF) are unclear. Seventy-four patients with systolic heart failure (SHF), 65 with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and 61 without HF were prospectively enrolled. All subjects received magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study including cine, T1 and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images. Trabecular-papillary muscle (TPM) mass, fractal dimension (FD) and extracellular volume (ECV) were derived. The results showed that TPM mass index was higher in patients with SHF than that in patients with HFpEF and non-HF. The TPM mass-LV mass ratio (TPMm/LVM) was higher in SHF group than that in HFpEF and non-HF. FD was not different among groups. The presence of LGE was inversely associated with TPM mass index and TPMm/LVM while the ECV were positively associated with TPMm/LVM. The FD was positively associated with LV chamber size. In conclusion, TPM increases in patients with SHF and are probably related to myocardial cell hypertrophy and fibrotic repair during remodeling. The FD increases with the dilatation of LV chamber but remain unchanged with the deterioration of LV function. PMID:26876005

  6. Nuclear Membranes ETB Receptors Mediate ET-1-induced Increase of Nuclear Calcium in Human Left Ventricular Endocardial Endothelial Cells.

    PubMed

    Jules, Farah; Avedanian, Levon; Al-Khoury, Johny; Keita, Ramatoulaye; Normand, Alexandre; Bkaily, Ghassan; Jacques, Danielle

    2015-07-01

    In fetal human left ventricular endocardial endothelial cells (EECLs), both plasma membrane (PM) ET(A)R and ET(B)R were reported to mediate ET-1-induced increase of intracellular calcium [Ca](i); however, this effect was mediated by ET(A)R in right EECs (EECRs). In this study, we verified whether, as for the PM, nuclear membranes (NMs) ET-1 receptors activation in EECLs and EECRs induce an increase of nuclear calcium ([Ca](n)) and if this effect is mediated through the same receptor type as in PM. Using a plasmalemma-perforated technique and 3D confocal microscopy, our results showed that, as in PM intact cells, superfusion of nuclei of both cell types with cytosolic ET-1 induced a concentration-dependent sustained increase of [Ca](n). In EECRs, the ET(A)R antagonist prevented the effect of ET-1 on [Ca](n) without affecting EECLs. However, in both cell types, the effect of cytosolic ET-1 on [Ca](n) was prevented by the ETBR antagonist. In conclusion, both NMs' ET(A)R and ET(B)R mediated the effect of cytosolic ET-1 on [Ca](n) in EECRs. In contrast, only NMs' ET(B)R activation mediated the effect of cytosolic ET-1 in EECLs. Hence, the type of NMs' receptors mediating the effect of ET-1 on [Ca](n) are different from those of PM mediating the increase in [Ca](i).

  7. PITX2 Loss-of-Function Mutation Contributes to Congenital Endocardial Cushion Defect and Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Cui-Mei; Peng, Lu-Ying; Li, Li; Liu, Xing-Yuan; Wang, Juan; Zhang, Xian-Ling; Yuan, Fang; Li, Ruo-Gu; Qiu, Xing-Biao; Yang, Yi-Qing

    2015-01-01

    Congenital heart disease (CHD), the most common type of birth defect, is still the leading non-infectious cause of infant morbidity and mortality in humans. Aggregating evidence demonstrates that genetic defects are involved in the pathogenesis of CHD. However, CHD is genetically heterogeneous and the genetic components underpinning CHD in an overwhelming majority of patients remain unclear. In the present study, the coding exons and flanking introns of the PITX2 gene, which encodes a paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 2essential for cardiovascular morphogenesis as well as maxillary facial development, was sequenced in 196 unrelated patients with CHD and subsequently in the mutation carrier’s family members available. As a result, a novel heterozygous PITX2 mutation, p.Q102X for PITX2a, or p.Q148X for PITX2b, or p.Q155X for PITX2c, was identified in a family with endocardial cushion defect (ECD) and Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS). Genetic analysis of the pedigree showed that the nonsense mutation co-segregated with ECD and ARS transmitted in an autosomal dominant pattern with complete penetrance. The mutation was absent in 800 control chromosomes from an ethnically matched population. Functional analysis by using a dual-luciferase reporter assay system revealed that the mutant PITX2 had no transcriptional activity and that the mutation eliminated synergistic transcriptional activation between PITX2 and NKX2.5, another transcription factor pivotal for cardiogenesis. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the association of PITX2 loss-of-function mutation with increased susceptibility to ECD and ARS. The findings provide novel insight into the molecular mechanisms underpinning ECD and ARS, suggesting the potential implications for the antenatal prophylaxis and personalized treatment of CHD and ARS. PMID:25893250

  8. Hybrid epicardial and endocardial ablation of a persistent atrial tachycardia arising from the marshall bundle: the importance of a detailed analysis of the local potentials.

    PubMed

    Kuroki, Kenji; Tada, Hiroshi; Kunugida, Fusanori; Sekiguchi, Yukio; Machino, Takeshi; Yamasaki, Hiro; Igarashi, Miyako; Aonuma, Kazutaka

    2015-05-01

    Radiofrequency catheter ablation of an atrial tachycardia (AT) and atrial fibrillation (AF) was performed in a patient with a history of pulmonary vein isolation for paroxysmal AF. The AT exhibited a centrifugal pattern with the posterolateral LA as the earliest activation site. The AT was not terminated by ablation at the endocardial earliest site, but its cycle length was prolonged by ablation at an opposite site within the Vein of Marshall. Finally, the AT was terminated by an energy application at a site 7 mm posteroinferior to the initial earliest activation site. We analyzed the local potentials of each energy delivery site in detail.

  9. Loss of endothelial KATP channel-dependent, NO-mediated dilation of endocardial resistance coronary arteries in pigs with left ventricular hypertrophy.

    PubMed

    Gendron, Marie-Eve; Thorin, Eric; Perrault, Louis P

    2004-09-01

    The influence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on the endothelial function of resistance endocardial arteries is not well established. The aim of this study was to characterise the mechanisms responsible for UK-14,304 (alpha(2)-adrenoreceptor agonist)-induced endothelium-dependent dilation in pig endocardial arteries isolated from hearts with or without LVH. LVH was induced by aortic banding 2 months before determining endothelial function. Following euthanasia, hearts were harvested and endocardial resistance arteries were isolated and pressurised to 100 mmHg in no-flow conditions. Vessels were preconstricted with acetylcholine (ACh) or high external K(+) (40 mmol l(-1) KCl). Results are expressed as mean+/-s.e.m. UK-14,304 induced a maximal dilation representing 79+/-6% (n=8) of the maximal diameter. NO synthase (l-NNA, 10 micromol l(-1), n=7) or guanylate cyclase (ODQ, 10 micromol l(-1), n=4) inhibition reduced (P<0.05) UK-14,304-dependent dilation to 35+/-6 and 18+/-7%, respectively. Apamin and charybdotoxin reduced (P<0.05) to 39+/-8% (n=4) the dilation induced by UK-14,304. In depolarised conditions, however, this dilation was prevented (P<0.05). UK-14,304-induced dilation was reduced (P<0.05) by glibenclamide (Glib, 1 micromol l(-1)), a K(ATP) channel blocker, either alone (35+/-10%, n=5) or in combination with l-NNA (34+/-9%, n=4). In LVH, UK-14,304-induced maximal dilation was markedly reduced (25+/-4%, P<0.05) compared to control; it was insensitive to l-NNA (21+/-5%) but prevented either by the combination of l-NNA, apamin and charybdotoxin, or by 40 mmol l(-1) KCl. Activation of endothelial alpha(2)-adrenoreceptor induces an endothelium-dependent dilation of pig endocardial resistance arteries. This dilation is in part dependent on NO, the release of which appears to be dependent on the activation of endothelial K(ATP) channels. This mechanism is blunted in LVH, leading to a profound reduction in UK-14,304-dependent dilation. PMID:15326036

  10. Engaging Employers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillier, Yvonne

    2008-01-01

    A key factor in the successful development of workplace learning is employer engagement (Leitch, 2006; DfES, 2007). However, despite numerous approaches by government in the United Kingdom to bring together employers, providers and learners so that economic success is generated by a skilled and flexible workforce, there continue to be challenges…

  11. Maternal Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Sam

    1975-01-01

    The overwhelming evidence from years of research is that maternal employment, by itself, has little influence on the behaviors of children. More relevant issues are: mother's reasons for working, family's acceptance of mother's employment, quality of substitute child care, family's social and emotional health, and economic conditions. (Author/AJ)

  12. Industry Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This article illustrates projected employment change from an industry perspective over the 2008-2018 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment in which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

  13. Industry Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article illustrates projected employment change by industry and industry sector over 2010-20 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment for which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

  14. Endocardial cushion defect

    MedlinePlus

    Signs of ECD may include: An abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) An enlarged heart Heart murmur Children with partial ... heart (echocardiogram) to see blood flow An electrocardiogram (ECG), which measures the electrical activity in the heart ...

  15. Occupational Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

    2010-01-01

    When choosing a career, jobseekers often want to know which occupations offer the best prospects. Generally, occupations that have rapid job growth, many new jobs, or many job openings--and good wages--promise better opportunities. This article shows how employment in particular occupations is projected to change over the 2008-2018 decade. The…

  16. Occupational Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    When choosing a career, jobseekers often want to know which occupations offer the best prospects. Generally, occupations that have rapid job growth, many new jobs, or many job openings--and good wages--promise better opportunities. This paper shows how employment in particular occupations is projected to change from 2010 to 2020. It presents…

  17. Overview of Barth Syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... and/or endocardial fibroelastosis). (Follow link to download Heart Failure Fact Sheet ) Neutropenia (Chronic, Cyclic, or Intermittent) A reduction ... Neutropenia Fact Sheet and Determining Absolute Neutrophil Count Fact ... muscles, including the heart, have a cellular deficiency which limits their ability ...

  18. Evaluating Employability Skills: Employer and Student Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Venetia; Zuzel, Katherine

    2010-01-01

    Graduate employability is a key issue for Higher Education. In this two-part study student employability skills have been evaluated from the perspective of sandwich students and graduates in biomolecular science, and their employers. A strong correlation was found between employer and sandwich student/graduate perceptions of the relative…

  19. Comparison of endocardial electromechanical mapping with radionuclide perfusion imaging to assess myocardial viability and severity of myocardial ischemia in angina pectoris.

    PubMed

    Fuchs, S; Hendel, R C; Baim, D S; Moses, J W; Pierre, A; Laham, R J; Hong, M K; Kuntz, R E; Pietrusewicz, M; Bonow, R O; Mintz, G S; Leon, M B; Kornowski, R

    2001-04-01

    The assessment of left ventricular electromechanical activity using a novel, nonfluoroscopic 3-dimensional mapping system demonstrates considerable differences in electrical and mechanical activities within regions of myocardial infarction or ischemia. We sought to determine whether these changes correlate with indexes of myocardial perfusion, viability, or ischemia. A 12-segment comparative analysis was performed in 61 patients (45 men, 61 +/- 12 years old) with class III to IV angina, having reversible and/or fixed myocardial perfusion defects on single-photon emission computed tomographic perfusion imaging. A dual-isotope protocol was used, consisting of rest and 4-hour redistribution thallium images followed by adenosine technetium-99m sestamibi imaging. Average rest endocardial unipolar voltage (UpV) and local shortening (LS) mapping values were compared with visually derived perfusion scores. There was gradual and proportional reduction in regional UpV and LS in relation to thallium-201 uptake score at rest (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0002, respectively) and redistribution studies (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.003, respectively). UpV > or = 7.4 mV and LS > or = 5.0% had a sensitivity of 78% and 65%, respectively, with a specificity of 68% and 67% for detecting viable myocardium. UpV values of 12.3 and 5.4 mV had 90% specificity and sensitivity, respectively, to predict viable tissue. UpV, but not LS, values differentiated between normal segments and those with adenosine-induced severe perfusion defects (11.8 +/- 5.3 vs 8.8 +/- 4.1 mV, p = 0.005). Catheter-based left ventricular assessment of electromechanical activity correlates with the degree of single-photon emission computed tomographic perfusion abnormality and can identify myocardial viability with a greater accuracy than myocardial ischemia.

  20. Safety, long-term results, and predictors of recurrence after complete endocardial ventricular tachycardia substrate ablation in patients with previous myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Arenal, Ángel; Hernández, Jesús; Calvo, David; Ceballos, Cecilia; Atéa, Leonardo; Datino, Tomás; Atienza, Felipe; González-Torrecilla, Esteban; Eídelman, Gabriél; Miracle, Ángel; Avila, Pablo; Bermejo, Javier; Fernández-Avilés, Francisco

    2013-02-15

    Conduction channels and electrograms with isolated component/late potentials are sensitive markers of the substrate of post-myocardial infarction sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT). Ablation of all conduction channels and isolated component/late potentials (complete endocardial VT substrate ablation [CEVTSA]) during sinus rhythm could simplify and facilitate the ablation procedure, mainly in patients without references for clinical VT substrate identification. The aim of this study was to assess the safety, efficacy, and predictors of VT recurrence after CEVTSA. Electroanatomic mapping and CEVTSA were performed in 59 post-myocardial infarction patients (mean age 67 ± 9 years, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 30 ± 11%), 24 of whom did not have clinical VT substrate references. The mean areas of scar (≤1.5 mV) and dense scar (≤0.5 mV) were 76 ± 42 and 34 ± 24 cm(2), respectively; isolated component/late potentials and conduction channels were identified and ablated in 97% and 83% of patients (mean ablation area 14 ± 10 cm(2)). No life-threatening complications occurred during the procedure. After 1 year and at the end of follow-up (mean 39 ± 21 months), 81% and 58% of patients were free of VT. No differences were observed between patients with and without specific clinical VT substrate identification. Univariate analysis identified the left ventricular ejection fraction, VT cycle length (VTCL), infarct location (inferior vs anterior), and dense scar area as predictors of VT recurrence, and Cox analysis identified VTCL (hazard ratio 0.42, p <0.001) and dense scar area (hazard ratio 2.65, p <0.0006) as independent predictors. No patients with dense scar area ≤25 cm(2) and VTCL >350 ms had recurrences. In conclusion, CEVTSA is safe and effective, even in patients without clinical VT substrate identification. Scar area and VTCL are valuable predictors of VT recurrence.

  1. ETA and ETB receptors contribute to neuropeptide Y-induced secretion of endothelin-1 in right but not left human ventricular endocardial endothelial cells.

    PubMed

    Abdel-Samad, Dima; Bkaily, Ghassan; Magder, Sheldon; Jacques, Danielle

    2016-02-01

    Our recent work showed that neuropeptide Y-induced secretion of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in left and right human ventricular endocardial endothelial cells (hLEECs or hREECs respectively) via the activation of neuropeptide Y2 or Y5 receptors depending on the cell type. The aim of this study was to verify whether hLEECs or hREECs secretion of ET-1 induced by NPY is due, in part, to the activation of ETA and/or ETB receptors by the secreted ET-1. Using the technique of indirect immunofluorescence coupled to real 3-D confocal microscopy, as well as ELISA, our results show that in hREECs, the NPY-induced release of ET-1 seems to be due, in part, to the activation of both ETA and ETB receptors. On the other hand, in hLEECs, ETA and ETB receptors do not contribute to the ET-1 released by NPY. Therefore, our results suggest that the NPY-induced release of ET-1 in EECRs is due to NPY receptor activation and the subsequent activation of the ETA and ETB receptors by the released ET-1. However, the release of ET-1 by NPY in hLEECs is mainly due to NPY receptor activation. Furthermore, this secretory process of ET-1 is different between the right and left ventricular cells and highlights the important tuning roles that right and left ventricular EECs possess as well as their contribution to the physiological and pathophysiological states of the underlying heart muscle.

  2. A Programmable Implantable Microstimulator SoC With Wireless Telemetry: Application in Closed-Loop Endocardial Stimulation for Cardiac Pacemaker.

    PubMed

    Shuenn-Yuh Lee; Su, M Y; Ming-Chun Liang; You-Yin Chen; Cheng-Han Hsieh; Chung-Min Yang; Hsin-Yi Lai; Jou-Wei Lin; Qiang Fang

    2011-12-01

    A low-power, wireless, and implantable microstimulator system on chip with smart powering management, immediate neural signal acquisition, and wireless rechargeable system is proposed. A system controller with parity checking handles the adjustable stimulus parameters for the stimulated objective. In the current paper, the rat's intra-cardiac electrogram is employed as the stimulated model in the animal study, and it is sensed by a low-voltage and low-power monitoring analog front end. The power management unit, which includes a rectifier, battery charging and detection, and a regulator, is used for the power control of the internal circuits. The stimulation data and required clock are extracted by a phase-locked-loop-based phase shift keying demodulator from an inductive AC signal. The full chip, which consumes 48 μW only, is fabricated in a TSMC 0.35 μm 2P4M standard CMOS process to perform the monitoring and pacing functions with inductively powered communication in the in vivo study.

  3. Epilepsy and employment--employers' attitudes.

    PubMed

    Cooper, M

    1995-09-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the possible causes of employment difficulties amongst people with epilepsy by interviewing employers. It was hoped that the outcome of the study would complement the research already carried out in this field by concentrating on the attitudes and policies of employers. Due to the time limit it was decided that a small number (five) of local employers should be approached requesting an interview. The employers were randomly selected but were all large companies within varying industries. All employers approached agreed to participate in the study and interviews were arranged with welfare recruitment staff. The interviews were limited to 45 minutes and concentrated on three main issues for discussion: disclosure, unemployment and improved relationship between employers and people with epilepsy. The outcome of the interviews was that the employers appeared to be rather unaware of the employment problems faced by people with epilepsy. As epilepsy is generally not a registered disability employers are unable to monitor their company's recruitment and promotion methods. It seems that line managers are left to decide on the employment of people with epilepsy often without even general awareness training on equal opportunities. Consequently their need to meet targets and their personal attitude to epilepsy determine the employment chances for people with epilepsy. Only with legislations protecting the interests of people with epilepsy can the unemployment figures be brought in line with the general population.

  4. Preparing Youth for Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, John

    A four-year study examined the nature and policy implications of school and employer practices to help youth prepare for employment. Data for the study were compiled from a telephone survey of 3,500 employers; a mail survey of 750 employers from across the country; 493 employers, 71 teachers, and 1,565 students from 5 major U.S. cities who…

  5. Employing Discourse: Universities and Graduate "Employability"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boden, Rebecca; Nedeva, Maria

    2010-01-01

    What constitutes graduate employability is discursively framed. In this paper we argue that whilst universities in the UK have long had an involvement in producing useful and productive citizens, the ongoing neoliberalisation of higher education has engendered a discursive shift in definitions of employability. Traditionally, universities regarded…

  6. Employers' Views on Youth Literacy and Employability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macey, Emma

    2013-01-01

    This report looks at whether employers think schools are equipping young people with the literacy skills required for the workplace. It is primarily based on secondary literature sources and introductory conversations with a small sample of key employers and agencies. A complementary report presents evidence on young people's views on literacy and…

  7. Employer's Manual on Affirmative Action in Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kentucky State Commission on Human Rights, Frankfort.

    The express purpose of this manual is for its use by business and industry in Kentucky as an aid to eliminate discrimination. Affirmative action is defined here as a comprehensive effort by an employer designed to: employ women and minority persons where they are under-utilized; include minority persons and women in all facets of the company's…

  8. Illegal Aliens: Their Employment and Employers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiswick, Barry R.

    A study examined various characteristics of the employment of illegal aliens, including wages, job training, job mobility, workplace conditions, and employer characteristics. The study was largely based on data transcribed from a sample of Immigration and Naturalization Service apprehension reports on illegal aliens in the Chicago (Illinois)…

  9. Learning, Labour and Employability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Malcolm J.

    2009-01-01

    Public policy in the UK has adopted employability to define the relationship of globalisation, work and learning. This article claims that employability serves the interests of capital. It helps capital to exercise its domination/hegemony over labour and employs a redefined vision of learning as its principal vehicle. Employability is a term that…

  10. Graduate Identity and Employability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinchliffe, Geoffrey William; Jolly, Adrienne

    2011-01-01

    This paper develops the concept of graduate identity as a way of deepening the understanding of graduate employability. It does this through presenting research in which over 100 employers in East Anglia were asked to record their perceptions of graduates in respect of their employability. The findings suggest a composite and complex graduate…

  11. Recognition for Employed Inventors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, Howard J.

    1980-01-01

    Presents arguments for monetary rewards and other forms of recognition by employers for inventions of employed inventors, particularly as the concept applies to stimulating innovativeness in America. Discusses the controversy of federally mandated compensation for employed inventors. The efforts of the American Chemical Society along these lines…

  12. The New Employment Contract?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, David I.

    2002-01-01

    In the classic employment contract, especially at large companies, wages were not strongly responsive to the labor market. Instead, individual companies had distinctive company wage levels and patterns. An exhaustive study of employers and employees in the United States and Japan examined whether the "old employment contract" has been replaced.…

  13. Employer-employee relations.

    PubMed

    Copeland, J D

    1993-09-01

    As an employer, a veterinarian must be vigilant to protect the rights of both job applicants and employees. Federal and state statutes guarantee that applicants and employees will not be subjected to discrimination in any aspect of employment, including recruitment, hiring, promotion, compensation, and termination of employment. An employer may not discriminate on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, religion, age, or physical disability. In addition, common law tort actions give employees powerful causes of action be against those employers who injure employees. More than ever, employers must be diligent in obeying the law. Employers must also take measures to protect themselves from employee claims by instituting risk management plans and purchasing adequate insurance coverage.

  14. Listening to Employers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machalski, Jan; Riley, Alison; Aubrey, Karl

    2009-01-01

    Various government initiatives have highlighted the importance of employer engagement in schools, further education and higher education. However, speaking as a team of lecturers in HE the authors have found that there is a tension between the perceptions of government and those of employers. Clearly, it would be a good thing if, particularly in…

  15. Discrimination in Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kovarsky, Irving

    Intended as a guide on discrimination problems and issues for students and practitioners in the area of employment relations, this book interrelates historical, religious, economic, medical, and sociological factors surrounding racial, religious, national, sex, age, and physical and mental discrimination to explain discrimination in employment.…

  16. Employment of Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowser, Robert A., Comp.

    This document presents Pennsylvania guidelines for interpreting child labor legislation. In Section I employment certification of minors under the child labor law, the school laws of Pennsylvania, and the federal law are discussed. In Section II the issuing officers responsible for issuing employment certificates are identified, procedures for…

  17. Part-Time Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guichard, Gus; And Others

    The employment of community college instructors on a part-time basis provides the opportunity for students to study under outstanding instructors whose primary employment may be in industry or in other postsecondary institutions and permits colleges to respond better to community needs with the financial resources available to them. Along with…

  18. Does Supported Employment Work?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan McInnes, Melayne; Ozturk, Orgul Demet; McDermott, Suzanne; Mann, Joshua R.

    2010-01-01

    Providing employment-related services, including supported employment through job coaches, has been a priority in federal policy since the enactment of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act in 1984. We take advantage of a unique panel data set of all clients served by the South Carolina Department of Disabilities and…

  19. Employment Discrimination: A Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caplan, Gerald A.

    Chapter 4 in a book on school law provides a general overview of the various federal statutes directed toward discrimination in employment and considers some of the recent developments under these statutes. The first section is a survey of the employment discrimination laws and their interrelationships. The second section analyzes more closely…

  20. Employment Policy and Territories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berthet, Thierry; Cuntigh, Philippe; Guitton, Christophe

    2002-01-01

    France's employment policy has historically been governed by a strategy of interventions aimed at specific categories of individuals, including victims of industrial restructuring, entry workers, the long-term unemployed, and the disabled. Since the 1980s, France has had the following main lines of employment policy: (1) assistance to victims of…

  1. Supported Employment in Spain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verdugo, Miguel Angel; Borja, F.; de Urries, Jordan; Bellver, Fernando; Martinez, Salvador

    1998-01-01

    Supported employment is growing in Spain, assisted by models from other countries and national legislation. The Spanish Association of Supported Employment is providing a framework for program development. The field must deal with the lack of systematic evaluation and with funding problems. (SK)

  2. Numeracy and Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Samantha; Bynner, John

    1997-01-01

    Employment experiences were compared for British adults with good/average literacy and numeracy skills and those with good/average literacy and very low numeracy. Even with good literacy skills, poor numeracy reduced employment and training opportunities and promotion prospects. (SK)

  3. Employment Tax Credit Utilization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parkinson, Jan

    Utilizing data collected through a national survey of employers, the impact of federal tax credit programs for employers of Work Incentive Program (WIN) participants and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients was assessed. Six major questions were addressed: (1) What differences there were in the use of the WIN and welfare tax…

  4. Addressing Employer Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perspective: Essays and Reviews of Issues in Employment Security and Employment and Training Programs, 1986

    1986-01-01

    This volume of an annual journal contains 21 articles focusing on the many services that state Employment Security (ES) agencies are providing to improve outreach to employers who pay for the programs through the dedicated revenues of the Federal Unemployment Tax Act and state benefit taxes and to improve their own staff ability to deliver…

  5. Placement: The Employer's View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teff, Donald R.

    1979-01-01

    A bank vice president reviews three barriers to the employment of handicapped persons: misunderstanding and lack of knowledge concerning the handicapped, the traditional lag between recognition of a problem and its solution, and apathy and disinterest. (CL)

  6. 29 CFR 1607.10 - Employment agencies and employment services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment agencies and employment services. 1607.10... agencies and employment services. A. Where selection procedures are devised by agency. An employment agency... employment agency or service is requested to administer a selection procedure which has been...

  7. 29 CFR 1607.10 - Employment agencies and employment services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment agencies and employment services. 1607.10... agencies and employment services. A. Where selection procedures are devised by agency. An employment agency... employment agency or service is requested to administer a selection procedure which has been...

  8. Integration without employment.

    PubMed

    Fink, John N; Libby, Darin E

    2012-08-01

    Three models for hospital-physician alignment may offer hospitals for which large-scale physician employment is not practical the best means to prepare for payment changes under accountable care: Comanagement arrangements Clinical joint ventures Professional services agreements with performance incentives. PMID:22931027

  9. Employer Engagement in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mann, Anthony; Dawkins, James

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this paper is employer engagement in education as it supports the learning and progression of young people through activities including work experience, job shadowing, workplace visits, career talks, mock interviews, CV workshops, business mentoring, enterprise competitions and the provision of learning resources. Interest has grown…

  10. Engaging Employers in Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Gary; DesRosier, Theron; Peterson, Nils; Chida, Meriem; Lagier, Randy

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the authors describe a pilot project in which formative feedback from industry professionals creates a genuine learning experience for students. Industry is giving feedback to higher education that many graduates are not employable or that they need substantial postcollegiate on-the-job training. Higher education is struggling to…

  11. Employer Needs Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaffer, Richard A.

    In 1990, Cuesta College (CC) conducted a needs assessment of local employers to determine the type of work done by their employees, number of employees, hiring plans, the current level of employee training, and training needs. The mailed survey had 266 usable responses for a 40.9% return rate. Study findings included the following: (1) 31% of the…

  12. Industrialisation, Exports and Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabolo, Yves

    1980-01-01

    After reviewing trends in industrial production, exports, and employment in the Third World since 1960, the author discusses industrialization strategies based on the local processing of raw materials for export. Such processing has proved to be a major factor in job creation. (Author/SK)

  13. The Employment Mismatch

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Karin

    2013-01-01

    Employers value a four-year college degree, many of them more than ever. Yet half of those surveyed recently by "The Chronicle" and American Public Media's "Marketplace" said they had trouble finding recent graduates qualified to fill positions at their company or organization. Nearly a third gave colleges just fair to poor marks for producing…

  14. Equal Opportunity in Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bullock, Paul

    This book focuses on discrimination in employment, defined as the denial of equal opportunity in the labor market to qualified persons on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, age, sex, or any other factor not related to their individual qualifications for work. The average nonwhite college graduate can expect to earn less during…

  15. Disability Employment 101

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. Employers can make sound business decisions and gain a competitive advantage by using this guide to increase the…

  16. Gerontology Graduates' Employment Opportunities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rueb, Suzanne M.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Of the 66 (of 94) graduates of a Master of Education in Gerontology program, 74% were female and most were white; 63% considered their degree beneficial. Of the 83% employed, 48.5% thought their jobs were highly relevant to the aging field. (SK)

  17. Employer Recruitment & Orientation Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jobs for the Future, Boston, MA.

    Work-based learning is a competency-based experience that integrates classroom instruction with structured work site experiences. Its purpose is to allow students to gain occupational and employable skills while applying and advancing their academic abilities. This guide contains strategies and resources to help educators involve the business…

  18. Technology and employment

    SciTech Connect

    Cooper, M.H.

    1983-07-22

    The influence of technology on today's high unemployment picture is discussed. Employment in the high-technology sector is seen by some to be a panacea for workers who have lost their jobs due to irreversible structural causes. Some federal, regional, state, and local efforts being made to ease structural adjustment are included. 28 references, 2 figures, 3 tables.

  19. Employment of College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    High, Robert V.

    A survey was conducted to determine the effect on academic performance, if any, of employment on undergraduate college students. A questionnaire was sent to professors at 3 four-year colleges on Long Island (New York); various day classes were randomly selected. The final sample of n=257 represented approximately a 30 percent response. The…

  20. A Stochastic Employment Problem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Teng

    2013-01-01

    The Stochastic Employment Problem(SEP) is a variation of the Stochastic Assignment Problem which analyzes the scenario that one assigns balls into boxes. Balls arrive sequentially with each one having a binary vector X = (X[subscript 1], X[subscript 2],...,X[subscript n]) attached, with the interpretation being that if X[subscript i] = 1 the ball…

  1. Employment. Feature Issue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Teri, Ed.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    This theme issue addresses current trends and new developments in ensuring that individuals with disabilities have meaningful employment opportunities, especially in the context of recent federal legislation. Stressed throughout is the importance of collaboration among professionals, individuals with disabilities, and family members in achieving…

  2. Vietnamese Students Employability Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuan, Nguyen Minh

    2011-01-01

    This paper attempts to investigate if the International University (IU) students' core competencies can meet the requirements set by employers, what are the differences in core competencies in final year students (or undergraduates), and how they view themselves compared with ex-students after one or two years in working environment, how…

  3. Should Universities Promote Employability?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCowan, Tristan

    2015-01-01

    Employability is becoming increasingly central to the mission and functioning of universities, spurred on by national and supranational agencies, and the demands of marketisation. This article provides a response to the normative dimensions of the question, progressing through four stages: first, there is a brief consideration of the meaning and…

  4. Overseas Employment: How to Develop Your Own International Employment Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Frank

    1985-01-01

    Presents a procedure for developing an International Employment Service for students wanting overseas employment as well as foreign students wanting to work in the United States. Includes information on visas, employment opportunities, and job search methods. (JAC)

  5. Rebirth through supported employment.

    PubMed

    Strickler, David C

    2014-06-01

    In this column, the author describes how supported employment was a conduit for employment for him, and allowed for a remarkable journey of recovery, involving discovery and empowerment, incorporation, purpose, and belonging. After two decades of unemployment or underemployment, he began to see that work was possible through supported education at college, where he excelled. Federal and state grants paid for two thirds of his college education. He periodically met with a vocational rehabilitation counselor, who was very encouraging. He also had a case manager through a private psychiatric organization who provided support. The author concludes that the root of his problems was the lack of supports to help him become incorporated into society-a lack that ushered in a host of problems, probably similar to what others experience. When supports were given, many of those symptoms disappeared.

  6. Graduate Employability: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Employers' Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cai, Yuzhuo

    2013-01-01

    This study provides a conceptual framework for understanding what employers think about the value of graduates with similar educational credentials in the workplace (their employability), using insights from the new institutionalism. In this framework, the development of employers' beliefs about graduates' employability is broken into a number of…

  7. Activity of daptomycin or linezolid in combination with rifampin or gentamicin against biofilm-forming Enterococcus faecalis or E. faecium in an in vitro pharmacodynamic model using simulated endocardial vegetations and an in vivo survival assay using Galleria mellonella larvae.

    PubMed

    Luther, Megan K; Arvanitis, Marios; Mylonakis, Eleftherios; LaPlante, Kerry L

    2014-08-01

    Enterococci are the third most frequent cause of infective endocarditis. A high-inoculum stationary-phase in vitro pharmacodynamic model with simulated endocardial vegetations was used to simulate the human pharmacokinetics of daptomycin at 6 or 10 mg/kg of body weight/day or linezolid at 600 mg every 12 h (q12h), alone or in combination with gentamicin at 1.3 mg/kg q12h or rifampin at 300 mg q8h or 900 mg q24h. Biofilm-forming, vancomycin-susceptible Enterococcus faecalis and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (vancomycin-resistant enterococcus [VRE]) strains were tested. At 24, 48, and 72 h, all daptomycin-containing regimens demonstrated significantly more activity (decline in CFU/g) than any linezolid-containing regimen against biofilm-forming E. faecalis. The addition of gentamicin to daptomycin (at 6 or 10 mg/kg) in the first 24 h significantly improved bactericidal activity. In contrast, the addition of rifampin delayed the bactericidal activity of daptomycin against E. faecalis, and the addition of rifampin antagonized the activities of all regimens against VRE at 24 h. Also, against VRE, the addition of gentamicin to linezolid at 72 h improved activity and was bactericidal. Rifampin significantly antagonized the activity of linezolid against VRE at 72 h. In in vivo Galleria mellonella survival assays, linezolid and daptomycin improved survival. Daptomycin at 10 mg/kg improved survival significantly over that with linezolid against E. faecalis. The addition of gentamicin improved the efficacy of daptomycin against E. faecalis and those of linezolid and daptomycin against VRE. We conclude that in enterococcal infection models, daptomycin has more activity than linezolid alone. Against biofilm-forming E. faecalis, the addition of gentamicin in the first 24 h causes the most rapid decline in CFU/g. Of interest, the addition of rifampin decreased the activity of daptomycin against both E. faecalis and VRE.

  8. Employment in the Public Sector.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

    This report synthesizes the findings from several areas of work undertaken to assess what impact public sector employment has had on both the level and structure of employment. It also examines the impact of the public sector as employer on the labor market from two viewpoints: the level and share of public sector employment and the structure of…

  9. Employability Skills Assessment Tool Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasul, Mohamad Sattar; Rauf, Rose Amnah Abd; Mansor, Azlin Norhaini; Puvanasvaran, A. P.

    2012-01-01

    Research nationally and internationally found that technical graduates are lacking in employability skills. As employability skills are crucial in outcome-based education, the main goal of this research is to develop an Employability Skill Assessment Tool to help students and lecturers produce competent graduates in employability skills needed by…

  10. Employability. NIACE Briefing Sheet 88

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Institute of Adult Continuing Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Employability skills are central to gaining and keeping employment (e.g. whether paid or unpaid, as an employee or self employed) as well as career progression. The lack of such skills is regularly referred to as one reason for the United Kingdom's often cited long tail of underachievement. Employability skills are at the forefront of government…

  11. Employment outcomes in Massachusetts Clubhouses.

    PubMed

    McKay, Colleen; Johnsen, Mathew; Stein, Reva

    2005-01-01

    Employment outcomes of individuals participating in 17 Massachusetts Clubhouses certified by the International Center for Clubhouse Development were examined through an annual survey. Major components of employment programs in contemporary clubhouses are identified and individual employment outcomes are described. Within contemporary practice in ICCD clubhouses in this sample, clubhouses provided a three-pronged approach to employment. Between 1998-2001, 1702 individuals worked in 2714 separate job placements, employed in Transitional (TE), Supported (SE), and Independent Employment (IE). Forty percent of members with more than one job (N = 385) participated in at least one TE. Individuals with longer memberships tended to work longer and had higher job earnings.

  12. Barriers to Employment: Personality and Cognitive Predictors of Employment Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McTurk, Carolyn; Shakespeare-Finch, Jane

    2006-01-01

    Barriers to employment are linked to individual factors such as thinking styles and personality traits. Personality and cognitive differences between employed (n = 55) and unemployed (n = 57) cohorts were analysed to quantify the association between these variables and employment status. Using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and the…

  13. Consumer and Employer Strategies for Overcoming Employment Barriers. Technical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crudden, Adele; Williams, Wendy; McBroom, Lynn W.; Moore, J. Elton

    This report on strategies for overcoming employment barriers for persons with visual impairments summarizes comments and suggestions of 7 focus groups comprised of either consumers (n=49) or employers (n=19). The report first reviews the literature concerning employment barriers and how consumers in previous studies suggested these barriers be…

  14. A Conceptual Understanding of Employability: The Employers' View in Rwanda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bamwesiga, Penelope Mbabazi

    2013-01-01

    Many governments believe that investing in human capital should increase citizens' employability, which is why it is often presented as a solution to the problems of knowledge-based economies and societies, rising unemployment rates and economic competiveness. The aim of this study is to understand employers' views regarding the employability of…

  15. Disability and Supported Employment: Impact on Employment, Income, and Allowances

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Germundsson, Per; Gustafsson, Johanna; Lind, Martin; Danermark, Berth

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we examine supported employment and its impact on the level of employment, disposable income, and sum of allowances, targeting a group of individuals with disabilities. We have particularly focused on individuals with psychiatric disabilities. Supported employment is a vocational rehabilitation service with an empowerment approach…

  16. Temporary Employment and Perceived Employability: Mediation by Impression Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Cuyper, Nele; De Witte, Hans

    2010-01-01

    Perceived employability (PE) has been advanced as the upcoming resource for career development, particularly for temporary workers. The question is how temporary workers become employable. Our hypothesis is that temporary workers more than permanent workers use impression management to become employable, both on the internal and the external labor…

  17. Employment Impact of Electronic Business.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hecker, Daniel E.

    2001-01-01

    Electronic business is stimulating employment in some sectors across industries, such as computer-related and customer service occupations, and diminishing employment in others, such as administrative support and marketing/sales. Similarly, employment impacts will vary by industry. (Contains 56 notes and references.) (SK)

  18. Employment Initiatives. Second Year Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Human Resources, Baltimore.

    During its second year, Maryland's Employment Initiatives (EI) program continued to help Aid for Dependent Children applicants and recipients obtain unsubsidized employment. It provided employment and training opportunities to Work Incentive Demonstration Program participants at two sites: Baltimore City (OPTIONS) and Wicomico County (Basic…

  19. Employment Discrimination in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Barbara A.

    1999-01-01

    Reviewed academic employment discrimination cases decided in 1998. Concludes that such cases added little to civil rights jurisprudence, but demonstrated the frustration felt by many over the fact that federal employment discrimination statures were not designed with universities in mind. The complexity of academic employment decisions ensures…

  20. Evaluation of ceftaroline, vancomycin, daptomycin, or ceftaroline plus daptomycin against daptomycin-nonsusceptible methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an in vitro pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model of simulated endocardial vegetations.

    PubMed

    Werth, Brian J; Barber, Katie E; Ireland, Cortney E; Rybak, Michael J

    2014-06-01

    Infective endocarditis (IE) caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin and daptomycin has few adequate therapeutic options. Ceftaroline (CPT) is bactericidal against daptomycin (DAP)-nonsusceptible (DNS) and vancomycin-intermediate MRSA, but supporting data are limited for IE. This study evaluated the activities of ceftaroline, vancomycin, daptomycin, and the combination of ceftaroline plus daptomycin against DNS MRSA in a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model of simulated endocardial vegetations (SEVs). Simulations of ceftaroline-fosamil (600 mg) every 8 h (q8h) (maximum concentration of drug in serum [Cmax], 21.3 mg/liter; half-life [t1/2], 2.66 h), daptomycin (10 mg/kg of body weight/day) (Cmax, 129.7 mg/liter; t1/2, 8 h), vancomycin (1 g) q8h (minimum concentration of drug in serum [Cmin], 20 mg/liter; t1/2, 5 h), and ceftaroline plus daptomycin were evaluated against 3 clinical DNS, vancomycin-intermediate MRSA in a two-compartment, in vitro, PK/PD SEV model over 96 h with a starting inoculum of ∼8 log10 CFU/g. Bactericidal activity was defined as a ≥ 3-log10 CFU/g reduction from the starting inoculum. Therapeutic enhancement of combinations was defined as ≥ 2-log10 CFU/g reduction over the most active agent alone. MIC values for daptomycin, vancomycin, and ceftaroline were 4 mg/liter, 4 to 8 mg/liter, and 0.5 to 1 mg/liter, respectively, for all strains. At simulated exposures, vancomycin was bacteriostatic, but daptomycin and ceftaroline were bactericidal. By 96 h, ceftaroline monotherapy offered significantly improved killing compared to other agents against one strain. The combination of DAP plus CPT demonstrated therapeutic enhancement, resulting in significantly improved killing versus either agent alone against 2/3 (67%) strains. CPT demonstrated bactericidal activity against DNS, vancomycin-intermediate MRSA at high bacterial densities. Ceftaroline plus daptomycin may offer more

  1. 29 CFR 779.19 - Employer, employee, and employ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... of oppressive child labor. The Act provides its own definitions of “employer,” “employee”, and... relation to an employee but shall not include the United States or any State or political subdivision of a State (except with respect to employees of a State or a political subdivision thereof, employed (a) in...

  2. 29 CFR 779.19 - Employer, employee, and employ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... of oppressive child labor. The Act provides its own definitions of “employer,” “employee”, and... relation to an employee but shall not include the United States or any State or political subdivision of a State (except with respect to employees of a State or a political subdivision thereof, employed (a) in...

  3. 29 CFR 779.19 - Employer, employee, and employ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... of oppressive child labor. The Act provides its own definitions of “employer,” “employee”, and... relation to an employee but shall not include the United States or any State or political subdivision of a State (except with respect to employees of a State or a political subdivision thereof, employed (a) in...

  4. Graduates', University Lecturers' and Employers' Perceptions towards Employability Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wickramasinghe, Vathsala; Perera, Lasantha

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore employability skills that employers, university lecturers and graduates value to bring to the workplace, when graduates are applying for entry-level graduate jobs in the field of computer science in Sri Lanka. Design/methodology/approach: A total of three samples were selected for this exploratory…

  5. Conceptualizing Learning and Employability "Learning and Employability Framework"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sumanasiri, Erabaddage Gishan Tharanga; Yajid, Mohd Shukri Ab; Khatibi, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Extensive studies have been done on employability and the factors that lead to employability. Previous studies have focused on career development programs, internships, work experience programs, soft-skill development programs, and even university admission criteria which can be considered external factors to university student learning…

  6. Graduates' Employment and the Discourse of Employability: A Critical Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moreau, Marie-Pierre; Leathwood, Carole

    2006-01-01

    In a context of considerable changes in the labour market and higher education sector in the UK, a discourse of employability has become increasingly dominant. Universities are urged to ensure that they produce "employable" graduates, and graduates themselves are exhorted to continually develop their personal skills, qualities and experiences in…

  7. 20 CFR 404.1003 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment. 404.1003 Section 404.1003...- ) Employment, Wages, Self-Employment, and Self-Employment Income Employment § 404.1003 Employment. Employment....1010. Section 404.1004 states the general rule on the kinds of work covered as employment....

  8. Breastfeeding and employment: an assessment of employer attitudes.

    PubMed

    Libbus, M Kay; Bullock, Linda F C

    2002-08-01

    Both research and anecdotal reports suggest that maternal employment is associated with failure to initiate breastfeeding and early breastfeeding attrition. The objective of this study was to describe the experience with and attitudes toward breastfeeding of a sample of employers in a small Midwestern city in the United States. Based on an analysis of 85 mail-out questionnaires, we found that less than half of the employers had personal experience with breastfeeding. A large percentage of the sample, however, indicated that they would be willing to facilitate women who wished to breastfeed or express milk in the workplace. However, these employers also stated that they saw little value to their business of supporting breastfeeding in the work environment. Thus, enhancement of breastfeeding opportunity in the work environment may come as a result of public and employer education but, more likely, will require some type of directive from official sources.

  9. Employer Evaluation of Occupational Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willett, Lynn H.; Piland, William E.

    In an effort to meet the need for a more comprehensive program evaluation, staff at Moraine Valley Community College developed a questionnaire and interview schedule to obtain feedback from employers concerning career programs. Questionnaires were sent to all employers who hired graduates of occupational programs between 1969-71; over 80% returned…

  10. Employment Obtaining and Business Starting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lan, Jian

    2009-01-01

    The implementation of business starting education in higher vocational colleges is of important and realistic meanings for cultivating advanced technology application-type talents and for releasing the employment obtaining pressure of higher vocational students. Based on the analysis on the employment situation of higher vocational graduates, this…

  11. Employability Skills. At a Glance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wibrow, Bridget

    2011-01-01

    In a competitive workforce it is not just having the right qualification or technical skills that will land an individual a job; it could very well be their interpersonal skills. How someone communicates is often the first impression an employer has of a possible worker. Yet, it is precisely communication skills that employers feel applicants are…

  12. Employment and People with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This newsletter issue offers six articles on employment of people with disabilities. "Employment and People with Disabilities: Challenges for the Nineties" (Frank Bowe) discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act, issues in unemployment and under-education, earnings, and implications for the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative…

  13. Employment Discrimination in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hustoles, Thomas P.; Griffin, Oren R.

    2000-01-01

    Reviews court decisions related to employment discrimination in higher education. The most significant development was a series of cases affirming that Eleventh Amendment immunity from private money damage claims brought pursuant to various federal employment discrimination statutes applied to state colleges and universities. (SLD)

  14. Special Issue on Casual Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Australian Bulletin of Labour, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Includes "Editor's Introduction" (Cully); "A New Estimate of Casual Employment?" (Campbell, Burgess); "A New Estimate of Casual Employment?: Reply" (Murtough, Waite); "The 'Long-term or Permanent Casual'--An Oxymoron or 'A Well Enough Understood Australianism' in the Law?" (Owens); and "The ACTU's [Australian Council of Trade Unions] Response to…

  15. Tracking Success in Youth Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rieder, Corinne H.

    1979-01-01

    Youthwork, Incorporated, was created by the Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act of 1977 (YEDPA) to keep track of youth employment and training programs. Privately-owned Youthwork administers federal demonstration grants across the country to help provide job guidance, work experience credit, private sector involvement, and…

  16. MEETING TODAY'S CHALLENGE FOR EMPLOYMENT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HELER, EDWARD; MCNULTY, EMMETT T.

    POVERTY IS LINKED TO THE OPPORTUNITY FOR AND THE AVAILABILITY OF EMPLOYMENT. THE IMPOVERISHED LACK THE SKILLS, EDUCATION, FLEXIBILITY, AND MOBILITY REQUIRED FOR EMPLOYMENT. THIS IS ESPECIALLY TRUE OF ARIZONA'S MINORITY GROUPS--INDIANS, NEGROES, AND MEXICAN-AMERICANS. COMPETITION FOR JOBS NOT REQUIRING EXTENSIVE EDUCATION, AND THE FLOOD OF THE…

  17. Employment Outlook, Life Science Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

    The nature of the work performed by biologists and biochemists is described in general terms, and for the subcategories such as agronomists, pharmacologists and entomologists. The types of employment opportunities, the necessary training the employment outlook and typical salaries and working conditions are described. Addresses for requesting…

  18. Employer Demands from Business Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMurray, Stephen; Dutton, Matthew; McQuaid, Ronald; Richard, Alec

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on research carried out with employers to determine demand for business and management skills in the Scottish workforce. Design/methodology/approach: The research used a questionnaire in which employers were interviewed (either telephone or face to face), completed themselves and returned by e-mail,…

  19. Employability: Review and Research Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guilbert, Laure; Bernaud, Jean-Luc; Gouvernet, Brice; Rossier, Jérôme

    2016-01-01

    Professional transition, employment, and reemployment are major concerns for nations facing adverse economic situations. The employability construct represents a scientific challenge in order to better understand the relationship between the job seekers' issues and the expectations of the world of work. This paper presents a review of the concept…

  20. Primer of Equal Employment Opportunity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Howard J.

    This booklet presents laws and court cases concerning discrimination in hiring. It begins with a presentation of the laws and orders regulating equal employment opportunity and the remedies available. It lists those employees and employers to whom the laws apply and exemptions. Sections deal with discrimination on the basis of race, sex, sexual…

  1. Supported Employment. Missouri LINC Module.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Coll. of Education.

    This module provides information on supported employment as outlined in the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1986, P.L. 99-506. It discusses models of supported employment; the roles of vocational rehabilitation counselors, school district personnel, and job coaches; and what school district personnel can do to prepare students for supported…

  2. Employment Survey 1982. AIP Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Susanne D.

    The employment status of 1981-1982 degree recipients in physics and astronomy was surveyed. Information is presented on changes in occupational status of physics and astronomy degree recipients which occurred between the summer of 1982 and the following winter. The characteristics of graduates of both fields who were employed full-time or…

  3. Consumer Leadership in Supported Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inge, Katherine J., Ed.

    1992-01-01

    This newsletter issue provides rehabilitation professionals with various information pieces concerning consumer leadership in supported employment of people with disabilities. First, a chart lists five questions concerning self advocacy and supported employment, and provides consumer responses to the questions. A second item describes…

  4. Preferential Remedies for Employment Discrimination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Harry T.; Zaretsky, Barry L.

    1975-01-01

    An overview of the problem of preferential remedies to achieve equal employment opportunities for women and minority groups. Contends that "color blindness" will not end discrimination but that some form of "color conscious" affirmative action program must be employed. Temporary preferential treatment is justified, according to the author, by the…

  5. Equal Employment Law and the Employer--An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levins, Will

    1979-01-01

    Sets forth in simple terms some of the requirements of the Equal Employment Opportunities Act of 1972. Available from the New York State Bar Association, One Elk Street, Albany, N.Y. 12207; sc $2.00. (Author/IRT)

  6. Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witter, William D.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Beginning with a conceptual introduction which covers the topics of work in the United States, why people work, the labor force, labor markets, unemployment, and work and the young, this document goes on to offer four instructional units for preschool through sixth grade students. The preschool and kindergarten unit called "Earning More than…

  7. Veterans' Employment and Training Service

    MedlinePlus

    ... Twitter Instagram RSS Email Share Veterans' Employment and Training Service (VETS) Menu About VETS Who We Are & ... of the U.S. Armed Forces. About USERRA Online Training USERRA 101 USERRA 102 USERRA Advisor Veterans' Preference ...

  8. Genetic Screening for Employment Purposes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olian, Judy D.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses genetic screening in the employment context, which involves identification of individuals hypersusceptible to toxins in the work environment. Examines the status of genetic screening devices against standard testing and legal criteria. (LLL)

  9. Youth employment and substance use.

    PubMed

    Kaestner, Robert; Sasso, Anthony Lo; Callison, Kevin; Yarnoff, Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    A significant portion of teens work while in school and the consequences of that work are of potential concern to society. While there is widespread support for combining work and school, and some evidence that employment has positive effects on youth development, previous research has revealed some potentially harmful consequences of employment among teens. In this paper, we investigate the relationship between teen employment and substance use. We extended this literature by studying two different cohorts of youth, and by exploiting arguably exogenous variation in youth employment and earnings caused by changes in minimum wages and the business cycle (unemployment). Estimates suggest that hours of work are positively associated with alcohol and cigarette use. However, if selection on unobserved variables were equal to selection on observed variables, these associations would be close to zero. With respect to the association between earnings and substance use, the evidence is less clear.

  10. Racial Differences in Youth Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardecki, Rosella M.

    2001-01-01

    Work experience at an early age has a positive impact on labor force attachment of different racial groups. However, racial gaps in employment that are present in the early teen years seem to continue into adulthood. (Author/SK)

  11. Employment discrimination and wrongful discharge.

    PubMed

    Yates, D F

    1993-01-01

    The law and concepts applicable to the employment relationships between and within medical group practices have been evolving over a period of time in response to a number of factors. According to author David Yates, Esq., this evolution has been impacted by a revolution in the law applicable to employment relationships in general. His article is intended to help the administrator steer through this revolution.

  12. Loss of employment and mortality.

    PubMed Central

    Morris, J. K.; Cook, D. G.; Shaper, A. G.

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To assess effect of unemployment and early retirement on mortality in a group of middle aged British men. DESIGN--Prospective cohort study (British Regional Heart Study). Five years after initial screening, information on employment experience was obtained with a postal questionnaire. SETTING--One general practice in each of 24 towns in Britain. SUBJECTS--6191 men aged 40-59 who had been continuously employed for at least five years before initial screening in 1978-80: 1779 experienced some unemployment or retired during the five years after screening, and 4412 remained continuously employed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--Mortality during 5.5 years after postal questionnaire. RESULTS--Men who experienced unemployment in the five years after initial screening were twice as likely to die during the following 5.5 years as men who remained continuously employed (relative risk 2.13 (95% confidence interval 1.71 to 2.65). After adjustment for socioeconomic variables (town and social class), health related behaviour (smoking, alcohol consumption, and body weight), and health indicators (recall of doctor diagnoses) that had been assessed at initial screening the relative risk was slightly reduced, to 1.95 (1.57 to 2.43). Even men who retired early for reasons other than illness and who appeared to be relatively advantaged and healthy had a significantly increased risk of mortality compared with men who remained continuously employed (relative risk 1.87 (1.35 to 2.60)). The increased risk of mortality from cancer was similar to that of mortality from cardiovascular disease (adjusted relative risk 2.07 and 2.13 respectively). CONCLUSIONS--In this group of stably employed middle aged men loss of employment was associated with an increased risk of mortality even after adjustment for background variables, suggesting a causal effect. The effect was non-specific, however, with the increased mortality involving both cancer and cardiovascular disease. PMID:8173455

  13. An expanded phenotype of maternal SSA/SSB antibody-associated fetal cardiac disease

    PubMed Central

    CUNEO, BETTINA F.; STRASBURGER, JANETTE F.; NIKSCH, ALISA; OVADIA, MARC; WAKAI, RONALD T.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives Conventional manifestations of fetal Sjögren’s antibodies (SSA/SSB) associated cardiac disease include atrio-ventricular block (AVB), transient sinus bradycardia, endocardial fibroelastosis (EFE) and dilated cardiomyopathy. We describe other manifestations of cardiac disease. Methods We describe three fetuses with unique myocardial and conduction system disease. Results One had isolated EFE with subsequent mitral and tricuspid valve chordal avulsion, the second had sinoatrial and infrahissian conduction system disease, and in both, neonatal progression to life threatening disease occurred. The third had sinus node dysfunction and atrial flutter. Conclusion These findings expand the clinical phenotype of maternal SSA/SSB antibody associated fetal cardiac disease. PMID:19330707

  14. Refractory dilated cardiomyopathy associated with metastatic neuroblastoma.

    PubMed

    Carlson, Peter; Jefferies, John L; Kearney, Debra; Russell, Heidi

    2010-10-01

    A 2-year-old African American male presented with heart failure and an abdominal mass. Computerized tomography (CT) scan revealed a 7 cm adrenal lesion, confirmed as poorly differentiated neuroblastoma (NB). CT and meta-iodobenzoguanidine (MIBG) scans identified multiple metastases, but cardiac MIBG imaging was absent. Cardiac ejection fraction (EF) was 8% with 7% shortening fraction. The patient underwent six cycles of chemotherapy and investigational immunotherapy. Cardiac function improved to 26% EF. However, the tumor proved unresponsive to treatment. The patient died from stage IV congestive heart failure (CHF) and progressive NB. Autopsy confirmed dilated cardiomyopathy with endocardial fibroelastosis.

  15. Nonimmunologic hydrops fetalis. A study of ten cases.

    PubMed

    Moerman, P; Fryns, J P; Goddeeris, P; Lauweryns, J M

    1982-11-01

    Ten cases of hydrops fetalis not associated with serologic incompatibility between mother and infant were studied by autopsy. Classic trisomy 21 was present in two, and in six others the postmortem examination revealed major congenital abnormalities (hydrometrocolpos-polydactyly syndrome, achondrogenesis type 2, congenital adenomatoid malformation of the lung, and aortic valvular dysplasia with left ventricular endocardial fibroelastosis). In two instances, anasarca was associated with a congenital tumor: a sacrococcygeal teratoma and an adrenal neuroblastoma. In six fetuses, prenatal diagnosis of hydrops fetalis or severe congenital malformations was established by ultrasonography. PMID:6897172

  16. Employment in Borderline Personality Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Sansone, Lori A.

    2012-01-01

    A number of studies in the literature have explored employment outcomes in patients with borderline personality disorder. However, after imposing our exclusion criteria, we located only 11 viable studies, published between the years 1983 and 2010. Individual studies examined employment outcomes in 8 to 249 individuals, but eight studies consisted of 33 participants or less. At baseline, participants were recruited from various locales, including hospital settings (7 studies), outpatient settings (2 studies), day treatment (1 study), and a college campus (1 study). The follow-up periods in these studies ranged from 1 to 27 years. Three studies compared participants with borderline personality disorder to a cohort of individuals with other types of psychopathology whereas only two studies used a normative comparison group. Given a host of potential limitations, findings cautiously suggest that nearly half of individuals with borderline personality disorder remain unemployed at follow-up, and of these, only a portion are self-supporting; 20 to 45 percent subsist on disability. However, several studies found modest employment gains among some individuals with borderline personality disorder, and one study developed a work/school acclimatization program, which meaningfully improved employment outcomes. This general area warrants further research to clarify the explicit employment outcomes of patients with borderline personality disorder. PMID:23074700

  17. Employability and Employment Outcomes of No-Fee Preservice Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jin, Yule; Li, Ling; Ding, Shujing; Li, Zhichao

    2013-01-01

    This study used interviews and questionnaires to survey 770 no-fee preservice students. Its findings were as follows: (1) Their employability encompasses five dimensions: teaching skills, ability to learn specialized knowledge, ability to grasp elementary and secondary teaching materials and methods, communication skills, and ability to apply for…

  18. Employer's Pocket Guide on Youth Employment. Youth Rules!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Labor, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Through the YouthRules! initiative, the U.S. Department of Labor and its strategic partners seek to promote positive and safe work experiences for young workers. YouthRules! strives to educate teens, parents, educators, employers and the public on Federal and State rules regarding young workers. Components of the initiative include a website…

  19. Teenage Employment and Career Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Kaylin M.; Staff, Jeremy

    2012-01-01

    Most American youth hold a job at some point during adolescence, but should they work? This article presents a broad overview of teenage employment in the United States. It begins by describing which teenagers work and for how long and then focuses attention on the consequences (both good and bad) of paid work in adolescence. It then presents…

  20. The Husband is the Employer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmed, Wajihuddin

    1975-01-01

    Peasant women are chained to their homes as child bearers and unpaid laborers working for their husbands. Employing women in rural industry would increase female status and decrease male dominance in the family. Also family size would shrink as women spend less time at home. (MR)

  1. Employment Support as Knowledge Creation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, John; Callahan, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Traditional practice in employment of persons with disabilities has been to assess the skills and interests of the job seeker in relation to normative standards or to others. That comparative approach often results in job seekers with significant developmental disabilities being viewed as having few skills and lacking requisite work readiness,…

  2. Employment Expansion and Metropolitan Trade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Richard Victor

    Through empirical investigations of the 1940-50 and 1950-60 decades, the author has developed a framework for analyzing metropolitan trade and determining the employment-related consequences of changes in trade activity. One major trend of this period, especially the second decade, has been the increasing self-sufficiency of all metropolitan…

  3. Employing Civilians for Police Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Alfred I.; And Others

    The study describes the experiences of 13 police departments where civilians were used in jobs normally performed by police officers. The findings are based on interviews with 158 people including police managers, officers in charge of civilian employees, and the civilians themselves. Two types of activities were surveyed: (1) the employment of…

  4. Employment Effects of Trade Expansion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lydall, H. F.

    1975-01-01

    The study to estimate the employment effects of an increase of manufactured and semi-manufactured products exported from developing to developed countries concluded that the lower the degree of development, the greater the number of jobs generated. Available from: ILO Publications, International Labour Office, CH-1211, Geneva 22, Switzerland.…

  5. A Perspective on Student Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barton, Paul E.

    The time has come to start to improve students' job experiences and to improve the relationship between the work and school experiences. In rural and agricultural economies, student work was so important to the family that the school year was fashioned to accommodate it. As the nation became more urban, student employment for pay and student…

  6. Transnational Education and Employability Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mellors-Bourne, Robin; Jones, Elspeth; Woodfield, Steve

    2015-01-01

    Internationalisation and employability development are important themes for UK higher education (HE) and the Higher Education Academy (HEA). One aspect of many UK HE institutions' internationalisation strategies has been to increase the number and range of UK programmes delivered "offshore" as transnational education (TNE)--through…

  7. Employment Trends in Energy Extraction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Richard

    1981-01-01

    Between 1973 and 1980, employment in the basic energy extraction industries--coal, oil, and natural gas--has risen by more than 91 percent. The Arab oil embargo and subsequent emphasis on development of domestic energy sources are responsible for this trend. (Author/SK)

  8. Employer Child Care Consultant Directory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child Care Information Exchange, 1998

    1998-01-01

    Lists 16 firms that offer child care consulting services to employers and communities. Each entry includes a brief description of the firm and its services, contact person, address, and phone and fax numbers. Some include e-mail and Web site addresses. (TJQ)

  9. Endpoint: Changing Patterns in Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batty, W. R. H.

    1973-01-01

    Analyzes statistical results obtained from a survey of employment of chemists from 1968 to 1972. Indicates that a combined or interdisciplinary scientific program is preferred to a single subject course to provide graduates with opportunities to turn to miscellaneous appointments. (CC)

  10. Employers' Perspectives of Online Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linardopoulos, Nikolaos

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the strengths and weaknesses of seven representative studies pertaining to the employers' perceptions of online education. Design/methodology/approach: The paper retrieved and analysed representative studies on the subject from two scholarly databases and Google. Findings: The results indicate that…

  11. Youth Employment and Job Creation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connors, Tad

    A policy that addresses youth unemployment with monetary expansion for similar fiscal policies is criticized as compounding the problem, and alternative solutions are offered. Accordingly, a brief look at youth labor market characteristics, pertinent labor market theory, and the present industrial distribution of employed youth is offered. A…

  12. Higher Education, Employability and Competitiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavlin, Samo; Svetlicic, Marjan

    2012-01-01

    This paper studies the relationship between competitiveness and higher education systems in Europe. It explores whether more competitive countries have developed more labour-market-oriented systems of higher education (HE) that thereby give their graduates greater short term employability potential. Based on and a large-scale survey among 45.000…

  13. Trends in Technology and Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conrath, Nancy L.

    Drawing from literature on technological advances, economic trends, and employment and labor market projections, this paper provides an overview of trends and their implications for California. After briefly analyzing the characteristics and effects of the information age, the paper examines the growth and development of high technology…

  14. Training Partnerships. Linking Employers & Providers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; And Others

    This document summarizes research on partnerships in training. Part I describes forming linkages between employers and providers as a common business transaction and identifies services available from providers, locating a provider, criteria for selecting a provider, and how to evaluate linkage relationships. Part II describes the providers of…

  15. Somerset County Employer Needs Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rephann, Terance J.

    Allegany Community College in Cumberland, Maryland, conducted an employer assessment survey of Somerset County businesses during the winter of 1995 in order to provide evaluation data for planning and curriculum development for the secondary and postsecondary educational institutions. The survey was mailed to 760 establishments, with a 29 percent…

  16. Supported Employment Staff Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inge, Katherine; And Others

    This training manual provides practical guidelines for staff development in supported employment programs for individuals with severe disabilities. It provides information on designing and developing training programs using adult learning principles, for program managers or trainers responsible for implementing inservice training and technical…

  17. Teaching Soft Skills Employers Need

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Maureen; Kisling, Eric; Hackworth, Robbie G.

    2014-01-01

    This study identifies the soft skills community colleges teach in an office technology course and determines whether the skills taught are congruent with the soft skills employers require in today's entry-level office work. A qualitative content analysis of a community college office technology soft skills course was performed using 23 soft…

  18. Employment Services Needs of Veterans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perspective: Essays and Reviews of Issues in Employment Security and Employment and Training Programs, 1989

    1989-01-01

    This issue of an annual journal contains 20 papers reflecting on the efforts of U.S. employment security and training programs to meet the needs of veterans. Part I, "National Perspective," contains five essays: "Policy Issues for Veteran Job Training Programs" (Martin F. Smith); "Cognizant Ramblings: Superfluous Lags the Veteran on the Stage…

  19. Employer Resource Manual. Project Path.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kane, Karen R.; Del George, Eve

    Project Path at Illinois' College of DuPage was established to provide pre-employment training and career counseling for disabled students. To encourage the integration of qualified individuals with disabilities into the workplace, the project compiled this resource manual for area businesses, providing tips for interacting with disabled people…

  20. Admission Conditions and Graduates' Employability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexandre, Fernando; Portela, Miguel; Sa, Carla

    2009-01-01

    In a context of increasing competition for students, admission conditions have been used as an instrument in a strategy of differentiation. Such a strategy is guided by short-run concerns, that is, the immediate need to attract more students. This article takes a longer term view, by examining graduates' employability. The authors find that…

  1. Youth Employability Training: Two Experiments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Travor; Hillier, Tara-Lynn; Warren, Amy M.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to assess the effectiveness of verbal self-guidance (VSG) and self-management on youth employability. It seeks to access the joint effectiveness of these interventions, grounded in social cognitive and goal setting theories, for youth job seekers. Design/methodology/approach: The studies used experimental designs involving…

  2. Employment, Social Networks and Undocumented Migrants: The Employer Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Bloch, Alice; McKay, Sonia

    2015-01-01

    This article draws on data from qualitative interviews with ethnic enclave and ethnic economy business entrepreneurs from Chinese, Bangladeshi and Turkish-speaking communities in London. Routes into business and worker recruitment practices are explored, demonstrating the centrality of social capital in the form of family and other social networks within these processes. The article investigates what employers consider the desirable characteristics of workers: trust, kinship, gender, social networks, language compatibility and the needs of the business intersect with racialised notions of workers’ strengths and characteristics. Finally, we consider changing practices in relation to the employment of undocumented migrants, in the context of an increasingly punitive legislative regime. The complex and variable impact of policy alongside the ways in which other obligations and positions outweigh the fear and risks of sanctions associated with non-compliance is revealed. PMID:25866421

  3. 20 CFR 655.510 - Employer attestations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... particular port to be performed by alien crewmembers. For each port, a prevailing practice can exist for any... EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Attestations by Employers Using Alien Crewmembers for... attestations? An employer (or the employer's designated U.S. agent or representative) seeking to employ...

  4. 20 CFR 655.940 - Employer attestations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employer attestations. 655.940 Section 655.940 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Attestations by Employers Using F-1 Students in Off-Campus Work § 655.940 Employer attestations. (a)...

  5. Diamond Synthesis Employing Nanoparticle Seeds

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Uppireddi, Kishore (Inventor); Morell, Gerardo (Inventor); Weiner, Brad R. (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    Iron nanoparticles were employed to induce the synthesis of diamond on molybdenum, silicon, and quartz substrates. Diamond films were grown using conventional conditions for diamond synthesis by hot filament chemical vapor deposition, except that dispersed iron oxide nanoparticles replaced the seeding. This approach to diamond induction can be combined with dip pen nanolithography for the selective deposition of diamond and diamond patterning while avoiding surface damage associated to diamond-seeding methods.

  6. Achieving and sustaining full employment.

    PubMed

    Rosen, S M

    1995-01-01

    Human rights and public health considerations provide strong support for policies that maximize employment. Ample historical and conceptual evidence supports the feasibility of full employment policies. New factors affecting the labor force, the rate of technological change, and the globalization of economic activity require appropriate policies--international as well as national--but do not invalidate the ability of modern states to apply the measures needed. Among these the most important include: (I) systematic reduction in working time with no loss of income, (2) active labor market policies, (3) use of fiscal and monetary measures to sustain the needed level of aggregate demand, (4) restoration of equal bargaining power between labor and capital, (5) social investment in neglected and outmoded infrastructure, (6) accountability of corporations for decisions to shift or reduce capital investment, (7) major reductions in military spending, to be replaced by socially needed and economically productive expenditures, (8) direct public sector job creation, (9) reform of monetary policy to restore emphasis on minimizing unemployment and promoting full employment. None are without precedent in modern economies. The obstacles are ideological and political. To overcome them will require intellectual clarity and effective advocacy. PMID:7499512

  7. 78 FR 32470 - Employment and Training Administration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-30

    ... Employment and Training Administration Investigations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment..., the Director of the Office of Trade Adjustment Assistance, Employment and Training Administration, has... Trade Adjustment Assistance, Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, Room...

  8. 76 FR 5212 - Employment and Training Administration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ... Employment and Training Administration Comment Request for Information Collection for Internal Fraud and...: Employment and Training Administration (ETA), Department of Labor. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of.... Currently, the Employment and Training Administration is soliciting comments concerning the Office...

  9. 76 FR 45621 - Employment and Training Administration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ... Employment and Training Administration Comment Request for Extension of Information Collection (Without... Temporary Employment Certification AGENCY: Employment and Training Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... Training Administration (ETA) is soliciting comments concerning the extension of the approval for...

  10. 32 CFR 1656.5 - Eligible employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.5 Eligible employment. (a) The Director will determine in accordance with the Selective.... (c) Selective Service shall negotiate employment agreements with prospective employers with...

  11. 32 CFR 1656.5 - Eligible employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.5 Eligible employment. (a) The Director will determine in accordance with the Selective.... (c) Selective Service shall negotiate employment agreements with prospective employers with...

  12. 32 CFR 1656.5 - Eligible employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.5 Eligible employment. (a) The Director will determine in accordance with the Selective.... (c) Selective Service shall negotiate employment agreements with prospective employers with...

  13. 32 CFR 1656.5 - Eligible employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.5 Eligible employment. (a) The Director will determine in accordance with the Selective.... (c) Selective Service shall negotiate employment agreements with prospective employers with...

  14. 32 CFR 1656.5 - Eligible employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.5 Eligible employment. (a) The Director will determine in accordance with the Selective.... (c) Selective Service shall negotiate employment agreements with prospective employers with...

  15. 75 FR 55392 - Employment Network Report Card

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Employment Network Report Card AGENCY: Social Security Administration (SSA). ACTION: Notice of... public comments on Employment Network quality assurance, including a ticket consumer Employment...

  16. Employer`s contributions to the training of professional statisticians

    SciTech Connect

    Rustagi, J.S.; Wright, T. |

    1995-07-01

    Statistical science provides important techniques for decision making in a large variety of fields of human endeavor mainly through statistical practice. According to Deming (1965), ``Statistical practice is mostly a collaborative venture between (professional) statisticians and experts in subject-matter (area).`` The professional statistician must be properly trained in areas of statistical science most suited to the discipline in which the applications are made. Due to a large variety of applications. The education of a professional statistician by universities can only be very general. Higher education provides the theoretical basis of statistical science whereas the specific expertise needed by the professional statistician is given by the application areas. In this paper, the authors review the approach of academic programs which are geared towards applications and discuss some of the innovative strategies for preparing statisticians as consultants in industry and business. A survey (census) of statisticians at the national laboratories of the US Department of Energy was made to assess their training by universities and to get a broad view of additional training which has brought them to their present professional status. A particular interest is the extent to which employers have contributed to the training of statisticians. A few recommendations are made which may serve to improve the future training of statisticians for applied collaborative work by universities and employers.

  17. 20 CFR 632.79 - Employment activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Program Design and Management § 632.79 Employment activities. (a) Community... quality, child care, health care, education, crime prevention and control, prisoner...

  18. Employability Skills, Personal Qualities, and Early Employment Problems of Entry-Level Auditors: Perspectives from Employers, Lecturers, Auditors, and Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Yet-Mee; Lee, Teck Heang; Yap, Ching Seng; Ling, Chui Ching

    2016-01-01

    The authors examine the issue of employability of university accounting students from the perspectives of accounting firm employers, junior auditors, accounting lecturers, and accounting students. Areas of investigation include perceived importance of employability skills and desirable personal qualities; and early employment problems encountered…

  19. Contrasting views on STEM employment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, Matthew; Huber, Michael

    2015-07-01

    In reply to “Unemployed and STEM” (Careers, May pp46-47), in which Penny Jackson described how her efforts to find a job in science, technology, engineering or mathematics (STEM) met with little success at first, even though she has a BSc in physics and a Master's in accelerator science. And in reply to “STEM paradox revisited” (Editorial, June p15), on why employers are expressing concerns about STEM shortages at a time when many recent STEM graduates are struggling to find jobs.

  20. 29 CFR 1625.5 - Employment applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the following effect: The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibits discrimination on the... “employment applications,” refers to all written inquiries about employment or applications for employment or... relates not only to written preemployment inquiries, but to inquiries by employees concerning...

  1. 26 CFR 601.401 - Employment taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 20 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment taxes. 601.401 Section 601.401... STATEMENT OF PROCEDURAL RULES Provisions Special to Certain Employment Taxes § 601.401 Employment taxes. (a) General—(1) Description of taxes. Federal employment taxes are imposed by Subtitle C of the...

  2. 26 CFR 601.401 - Employment taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 20 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Employment taxes. 601.401 Section 601.401... STATEMENT OF PROCEDURAL RULES Provisions Special to Certain Employment Taxes § 601.401 Employment taxes. (a) General—(1) Description of taxes. Federal employment taxes are imposed by Subtitle C of the...

  3. 26 CFR 601.401 - Employment taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 20 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Employment taxes. 601.401 Section 601.401... STATEMENT OF PROCEDURAL RULES Provisions Special to Certain Employment Taxes § 601.401 Employment taxes. (a) General—(1) Description of taxes. Federal employment taxes are imposed by Subtitle C of the...

  4. 26 CFR 601.401 - Employment taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 20 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Employment taxes. 601.401 Section 601.401... STATEMENT OF PROCEDURAL RULES Provisions Special to Certain Employment Taxes § 601.401 Employment taxes. (a) General—(1) Description of taxes. Federal employment taxes are imposed by Subtitle C of the...

  5. 18 CFR 1313.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 1313.140... § 1313.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected...

  6. 17 CFR 200.640 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment. 200.640 Section... Programs or Activities Conducted by the Securities and Exchange Commission § 200.640 Employment....

  7. 3 CFR 102.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted... 3 The President 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 102.140 Section 102.140 Presidential... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT § 102.140 Employment....

  8. 45 CFR 2104.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 2104.140 Section 2104.140 Public....140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected...

  9. 17 CFR 200.640 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 200.640 Section... Programs or Activities Conducted by the Securities and Exchange Commission § 200.640 Employment....

  10. 45 CFR 1181.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 1181.140 Section 1181.140 Public... Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected to...

  11. 45 CFR 1214.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 1214.140 Section 1214.140 Public....140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be...

  12. 36 CFR 812.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 812.140 Section... PRESERVATION § 812.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  13. 19 CFR 201.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 201.140 Section 201.140 Customs Duties... Commission § 201.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  14. 36 CFR 812.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 812.140 Section... PRESERVATION § 812.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  15. 45 CFR 2104.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 2104.140 Section 2104.140 Public....140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected...

  16. 20 CFR 365.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment. 365.140 Section 365.140 Employees... § 365.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  17. 22 CFR 711.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Employment. 711.140 Section 711.140 Foreign... CORPORATION § 711.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  18. 6 CFR 15.40 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment of... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 15.40 Section 15.40 Domestic... Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of that disability, be subjected...

  19. 1 CFR 500.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 500.140 Section 500.140 General... ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR EMPLOYMENT POLICY § 500.140 Employment. No...

  20. 3 CFR 102.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted... 3 The President 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 102.140 Section 102.140 Presidential... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT § 102.140 Employment....

  1. 17 CFR 149.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment. 149.140 Section... COMMISSION § 149.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  2. 16 CFR 6.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 6.140 Section 6.140 Commercial....140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be...

  3. 17 CFR 149.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 149.140 Section... COMMISSION § 149.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  4. 20 CFR 365.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 365.140 Section 365.140 Employees... § 365.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  5. 45 CFR 2301.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment in... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 2301.140 Section 2301.140 Public... COMMISSION § 2301.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  6. 22 CFR 1701.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment in federally conducted... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Employment. 1701.140 Section 1701.140 Foreign... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE § 1701.140 Employment....

  7. 45 CFR 2301.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment in... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 2301.140 Section 2301.140 Public... COMMISSION § 2301.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  8. 5 CFR 2416.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment in... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 2416.140 Section 2416.140....140 Employment. No qualified individual with disabilities shall, on the basis of disability,...

  9. 22 CFR 711.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Employment. 711.140 Section 711.140 Foreign... CORPORATION § 711.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  10. 19 CFR 201.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment. 201.140 Section 201.140 Customs Duties... Commission § 201.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  11. 49 CFR 28.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 28.140 Section 28.140 Transportation... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION § 28.140 Employment. (a) No...

  12. 5 CFR 1636.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment in... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 1636.140 Section 1636.140... § 1636.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  13. 22 CFR 219.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 219.140 Section 219.140 Foreign... DEVELOPMENT § 219.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  14. 31 CFR 17.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment of... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 17.140 Section 17.140... Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected...

  15. 5 CFR 1636.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment in... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 1636.140 Section 1636.140... § 1636.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  16. 38 CFR 15.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 15.140... § 15.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be...

  17. 22 CFR 1701.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment in federally conducted... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Employment. 1701.140 Section 1701.140 Foreign... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE § 1701.140 Employment....

  18. 29 CFR 100.540 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 100.540 Section 100.540 Labor Regulations... § 100.540 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be...

  19. 6 CFR 15.40 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment of... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 15.40 Section 15.40 Domestic... Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of that disability, be subjected...

  20. 1 CFR 500.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 500.140 Section 500.140 General... ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR EMPLOYMENT POLICY § 500.140 Employment. No...

  1. 31 CFR 17.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment of... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 17.140 Section 17.140... Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected...

  2. 18 CFR 1313.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment. 1313.140... § 1313.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected...

  3. 40 CFR 12.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 12.140 Section 12.140... IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY § 12.140 Employment....

  4. 45 CFR 85.31 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 9 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 85.31 Section 85.31 Public Welfare....31 Employment. No qualified individuals with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be...

  5. 5 CFR 2416.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment in... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 2416.140 Section 2416.140....140 Employment. No qualified individual with disabilities shall, on the basis of disability,...

  6. 12 CFR 606.640 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in the agency. ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 606.640 Section 606.640 Banks and... Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected...

  7. 38 CFR 15.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 15.140... § 15.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be...

  8. 45 CFR 1214.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 1214.140 Section 1214.140 Public....140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap, be...

  9. Legal Consequences of Employer Discharge Procedures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Stephanie

    2008-01-01

    The employment contract is sometimes misunderstood by both employees and employers. Drafters of employee manuals, policies, and procedures should be aware that the nature of the at-will employment relationship can be transformed into a binding employment contract by the words and phrases chosen. In this article, the author uses the case of Eric,…

  10. 20 CFR 702.111 - Employer's records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employer's records. 702.111 Section 702.111 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR... § 702.111 Employer's records. Every employer shall maintain adequate records of injury sustained...

  11. 45 CFR 1151.33 - Employment criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... skills, aptitude, or other factors relevant to adequate performance of the job in question. ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment criteria. 1151.33 Section 1151.33... Prohibited Employment § 1151.33 Employment criteria. (a) A recipient may not make use of any employment...

  12. 26 CFR 601.401 - Employment taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 20 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment taxes. 601.401 Section 601.401... STATEMENT OF PROCEDURAL RULES Provisions Special to Certain Employment Taxes § 601.401 Employment taxes. (a) General—(1) Description of taxes. Federal employment taxes are imposed by Subtitle C of the...

  13. Employability Skills Valued by Employers as Important for Entry-Level Employees with and without Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ju, Song; Zhang, Dalun; Pacha, Jacqueline

    2012-01-01

    Individuals with disabilities face persistent challenges in gaining meaningful employment. One of the barriers to successful employment is a lack of employability skills. The purpose of this study was to identify employability skills that employers value as being important and to examine whether employers have different expectations for…

  14. Maternal Employment and Adolescent Development

    PubMed Central

    Ruhm, Christopher J.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates how maternal employment is related to the cognitive development and body weight of 10 and 11 year olds, controlling for a wide variety of child, mother and family characteristics. The results suggest that limited market work benefits youths who are relatively “disadvantaged” and even long hours, which occur infrequently, are unlikely to leave them much worse off. By contrast, maternal labor supply is estimated to have more uniformly harmful consequences for “advantaged” adolescents. The negative cognitive effects for these youths probably partly occur because maternal labor supply reduces the time spent in enriching home environments. Some of the growth in obesity may be related to determinants of excess weight common to the child and mother. PMID:19830269

  15. Employing helicity amplitudes for resummation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moult, Ian; Stewart, Iain W.; Tackmann, Frank J.; Waalewijn, Wouter J.

    2016-05-01

    Many state-of-the-art QCD calculations for multileg processes use helicity amplitudes as their fundamental ingredients. We construct a simple and easy-to-use helicity operator basis in soft-collinear effective theory (SCET), for which the hard Wilson coefficients from matching QCD onto SCET are directly given in terms of color-ordered helicity amplitudes. Using this basis allows one to seamlessly combine fixed-order helicity amplitudes at any order they are known with a resummation of higher-order logarithmic corrections. In particular, the virtual loop amplitudes can be employed in factorization theorems to make predictions for exclusive jet cross sections without the use of numerical subtraction schemes to handle real-virtual infrared cancellations. We also discuss matching onto SCET in renormalization schemes with helicities in 4- and d -dimensions. To demonstrate that our helicity operator basis is easy to use, we provide an explicit construction of the operator basis, as well as results for the hard matching coefficients, for p p →H +0 , 1, 2 jets, p p →W /Z /γ +0 , 1, 2 jets, and p p →2 , 3 jets. These operator bases are completely crossing symmetric, so the results can easily be applied to processes with e+e- and e-p collisions.

  16. 5 CFR 315.704 - Conversion to career employment from indefinite or temporary employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Conversion to career employment from... MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CAREER AND CAREER-CONDITIONAL EMPLOYMENT Conversion to Career or Career-Conditional Employment From Other Types of Employment § 315.704 Conversion to career employment...

  17. 5 CFR 315.704 - Conversion to career employment from indefinite or temporary employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Conversion to career employment from... MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CAREER AND CAREER-CONDITIONAL EMPLOYMENT Conversion to Career or Career-Conditional Employment From Other Types of Employment § 315.704 Conversion to career employment...

  18. 5 CFR 315.704 - Conversion to career employment from indefinite or temporary employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Conversion to career employment from... MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CAREER AND CAREER-CONDITIONAL EMPLOYMENT Conversion to Career or Career-Conditional Employment From Other Types of Employment § 315.704 Conversion to career employment...

  19. Employability and Employers: The Missing Piece of the Jigsaw. IES Report 361.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tamkin, P.; Hillage, J.

    The approaches to employability being taken by United Kingdom employers were examined in a study that included three components: a literature review to develop a definition of employability and isolate its key elements; case studies of six organizations to identify employers' approaches to employability; and examination of related literature on…

  20. Rural and Urban Employment Patterns: Self-Employment As a Metaphor for Rural Vocational Rehabilitation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seekins, Tom

    This report examines the use of self-employment as a vocational rehabilitation option in rural areas. Self-employment is one of the fastest growing employment opportunities, as evidenced by the approximately 15.6 million people who reported being self-employed in 1990. Data from the 1980s comparing employment patterns in rural and urban areas…

  1. 75 FR 72841 - The Advisory Committee on Veterans' Employment, Training and Employer Outreach (ACVETEO); Notice...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-26

    ...' Employment and Training Service The Advisory Committee on Veterans' Employment, Training and Employer... November 2010. John M. McWilliam, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Veterans' Employment and Training Service.... SUMMARY: The business meeting of the Advisory Committee on Veterans' Employment, Training and...

  2. 5 CFR 315.704 - Conversion to career employment from indefinite or temporary employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Conversion to career employment from... MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CAREER AND CAREER-CONDITIONAL EMPLOYMENT Conversion to Career or Career-Conditional Employment From Other Types of Employment § 315.704 Conversion to career employment...

  3. 5 CFR 315.704 - Conversion to career employment from indefinite or temporary employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conversion to career employment from... MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CAREER AND CAREER-CONDITIONAL EMPLOYMENT Conversion to Career or Career-Conditional Employment From Other Types of Employment § 315.704 Conversion to career employment...

  4. The Future of Employment and Unemployment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradshaw, Patricia; Burke, Ronald J.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses the impact of microprocessor technology on employment. Examines the changing nature of work and questions whether full employment is natural or necessary. Outlines physical, psychological, social, and material aspects of work. Notes implications for teachers, counselors, and students. (RC)

  5. SEEMP: A Networked Marketplace for Employment Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Celino, Irene; Cerizza, Dario; Cesarini, Mirko; Valle, Emanuele Della; de Paoli, Flavio; Estublier, Jacky; Fugini, Mariagrazia; Pérez, Asuncion Gómez; Kerrigan, Mick; Guarrera, Pascal; Mezzanzanica, Mario; Ramìrez, Jaime; Villazon, Boris; Zhao, Gang

    Human capital is more and more the key factor of economic growth and competitiveness in the information age and knowledge economy. But due to a still fragmented employment market compounded by the enlargement of the EU, the human resources are not effectively exchanged and deployed. The business innovation of SEEMP1 develops a vision of an Employment Mediation Marketplace (EMM) for market transparency and effic ient mediation. Its technological innovation provides a federated marketplace of employment agencies through a peer-to-peer network of employment data and mediation services. In other words, the solution under development is a de-fragmentation of the employment market by a web-based collaborative network. The SEEMP-enabled employment marketplace will strengthen the social organization of public employment administration, maximize the business turnover of private employment agencies, improve citizens' productivity and welfare, and increase the competitiveness and performance of business.

  6. 45 CFR 2555.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Employment. (a) General. (1) No person shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be... pursue training; (9) Employer-sponsored activities, including social or recreational programs; and...

  7. 32 CFR 1656.8 - Employment agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE..., Selective Service and the employer shall enter into an employment agreement that specifies their respective duties and responsibilities under the Alternative Service Program. (b) Restrictions on Selective...

  8. 32 CFR 1656.8 - Employment agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE..., Selective Service and the employer shall enter into an employment agreement that specifies their respective duties and responsibilities under the Alternative Service Program. (b) Restrictions on Selective...

  9. 32 CFR 1656.8 - Employment agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE..., Selective Service and the employer shall enter into an employment agreement that specifies their respective duties and responsibilities under the Alternative Service Program. (b) Restrictions on Selective...

  10. 32 CFR 1656.8 - Employment agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE..., Selective Service and the employer shall enter into an employment agreement that specifies their respective duties and responsibilities under the Alternative Service Program. (b) Restrictions on Selective...

  11. 32 CFR 1656.8 - Employment agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE..., Selective Service and the employer shall enter into an employment agreement that specifies their respective duties and responsibilities under the Alternative Service Program. (b) Restrictions on Selective...

  12. 45 CFR 85.31 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... definitions, requirements, and procedures of section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (9 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 9 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment...

  13. 22 CFR 219.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... definitions, requirements, and procedures of section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment...

  14. Employment Characteristics of Indochinese Refugees: January 1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bach, Robert L.

    1980-01-01

    Summarizes Immigration and Naturalization Service data on demographic characteristics and employment of Indochinese refugees. Reports that employment increases with time in the United States, and that refugee dependence on public assistance will be reduced. (ST)

  15. Employer's Perceptions of Agribusiness Placement SOE Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Gregory W.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Research was conducted to determine the benefits derived from agribusiness supervised occupational experience programs and to identify factors important in planning and/or conducting students' agribusiness employment experiences as perceived by employers of vocational agriculture students. (CT)

  16. 5 CFR 340.402 - Seasonal employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....402 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS OTHER THAN FULL-TIME CAREER EMPLOYMENT (PART-TIME, SEASONAL, ON-CALL, AND INTERMITTENT) Seasonal and intermittent.... Seasonal employment may not be used as a substitute for full-time employment or as a buffer for the...

  17. 5 CFR 340.402 - Seasonal employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ....402 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS OTHER THAN FULL-TIME CAREER EMPLOYMENT (PART-TIME, SEASONAL, ON-CALL, AND INTERMITTENT) Seasonal and intermittent.... Seasonal employment may not be used as a substitute for full-time employment or as a buffer for the...

  18. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  19. 21 CFR 1314.50 - Employment measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment measures. 1314.50 Section 1314.50 Food... CHEMICAL PRODUCTS Sales by Regulated Sellers § 1314.50 Employment measures. A regulated seller may take reasonable measures to guard against employing individuals who may present a risk with respect to the...

  20. 21 CFR 1314.50 - Employment measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment measures. 1314.50 Section 1314.50 Food... CHEMICAL PRODUCTS Sales by Regulated Sellers § 1314.50 Employment measures. A regulated seller may take reasonable measures to guard against employing individuals who may present a risk with respect to the...

  1. 29 CFR 2205.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 2205.140 Section 2205.140 Labor Regulations... REVIEW COMMISSION § 2205.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of...

  2. Legislation and Part-Time Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Allan L.; And Others

    This document presents an analysis of part-time employment issues in California community colleges, including a review of historical developments of the law covering the employment of certificated personnel, a review of some benefits and problems associated with part-time teaching, and consideration of part-time faculty employment as a major issue…

  3. 45 CFR 86.51 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 86.51 Section 86.51 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN... in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.51 Employment. (a) General. (1)...

  4. 5 CFR 340.402 - Seasonal employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ....402 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS OTHER THAN FULL-TIME CAREER EMPLOYMENT (PART-TIME, SEASONAL, ON-CALL, AND INTERMITTENT) Seasonal and intermittent.... Seasonal employment may not be used as a substitute for full-time employment or as a buffer for the...

  5. 5 CFR 340.402 - Seasonal employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ....402 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS OTHER THAN FULL-TIME CAREER EMPLOYMENT (PART-TIME, SEASONAL, ON-CALL, AND INTERMITTENT) Seasonal and intermittent.... Seasonal employment may not be used as a substitute for full-time employment or as a buffer for the...

  6. 5 CFR 340.402 - Seasonal employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ....402 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS OTHER THAN FULL-TIME CAREER EMPLOYMENT (PART-TIME, SEASONAL, ON-CALL, AND INTERMITTENT) Seasonal and intermittent.... Seasonal employment may not be used as a substitute for full-time employment or as a buffer for the...

  7. Hispanic Self-Employment: Does Gender Matter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuiker, Virginia Solis; Katras, Mary Jo; Montalto, Catherine P.; Olson, Patricia D.

    2003-01-01

    Drawing on human capital, social capital, and acculturation theories, gender differences in income were examined among 7,760 self-employed Hispanic Americans in California, using 1990 census data. Hispanic self-employed women earned less than Hispanic self-employed men and were more likely to be in service occupations. Having less than a high…

  8. Employment Considerations of AIDS in Dental Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crumpler, Diane C.; Carey, Moses

    1987-01-01

    Policies governing the employment of health care workers with AIDS, and the AIDS employment issue facing dental practitioners, administrators, and educators are discussed. Legal considerations of AIDS in the workplace are addressed as to HIV testing, employee rights to gain and/or retain employment, economic considerations, and confidentiality…

  9. 32 CFR 1656.7 - Employer responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.7 Employer responsibilities. Employers participating in the Alternative Service Program are responsible for: (a) Complying with the employment agreement with Selective Service; (b) Providing a...

  10. 32 CFR 1656.7 - Employer responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.7 Employer responsibilities. Employers participating in the Alternative Service Program are responsible for: (a) Complying with the employment agreement with Selective Service; (b) Providing a...

  11. 32 CFR 1656.7 - Employer responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.7 Employer responsibilities. Employers participating in the Alternative Service Program are responsible for: (a) Complying with the employment agreement with Selective Service; (b) Providing a...

  12. 32 CFR 1656.7 - Employer responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.7 Employer responsibilities. Employers participating in the Alternative Service Program are responsible for: (a) Complying with the employment agreement with Selective Service; (b) Providing a...

  13. 32 CFR 1656.7 - Employer responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.7 Employer responsibilities. Employers participating in the Alternative Service Program are responsible for: (a) Complying with the employment agreement with Selective Service; (b) Providing a...

  14. Employment Policy in the Global Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Eddy; And Others

    1995-01-01

    This special issue on employment policy in the global economy looks at macroeconomic policies and employment, institutional requirements for full employment, the world trade system, foreign investment, the marginalism of Africa, productivity enhancing policies, influence of information and communication technology, industrialized countries, and…

  15. High School Employment and Youths' Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothstein, Donna S.

    2007-01-01

    This paper asks whether employment during high school impacts youths' grade point average. Unlike much of the prior literature, it allows for the endogeneity of the hours and dropout decisions, uses ASVAB test scores, and tests whether youth employment is dynamic. The results indicate that high school employment and its lag have small, negative…

  16. Employer Preferences for Resumes and Cover Letters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schullery, Nancy M.; Ickes, Linda; Schullery, Stephen E.

    2009-01-01

    This article reports the results of a survey of employers' preferences for resume style, resume delivery method, and cover letters. Employers still widely prefer the standard chronological resume, with only 3% desiring a scannable resume. The vast majority of employers prefer electronic delivery, either by email (46%) or at the company's Web site…

  17. Employer Engagement in Education: Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mann, Anthony; Dawkins, James

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this paper is employer engagement in education. In this, the authors consider the range of different ways that employers can support the learning and progression of young people in British schools. The paper draws on a wide range of source material to ask: What are the typical benefits of different types of employer engagement? Do…

  18. Developing Employability in Higher Education Music

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Dawn

    2016-01-01

    The development of employability in higher music education concerns students, musicians, educators, administrators and funding bodies, and yet employability is both impossible to measure and poorly defined. This paper sets the context for a set of short papers that explore employability from the perspective of music. Because many of the issues…

  19. TANF Education and Training: Nebraska's Employment First

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohan, Lavanya

    2014-01-01

    Nebraska's Employment First (EF) program allows parents who receive TANF cash assistance to pursue education and training that improves their ability to secure employment and long-term economic success. A parent must negotiate and sign an Employment First contract, facilitated by a case worker, between the participating parent and the state of…

  20. 1970 Inter-Agency Employment Meeting (Navajo).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs, Phoenix.

    The document provides names of participants, a meeting agenda, and a record of proceedings of the Inter-Agency Employment Meeting held in Window Rock, Arizona, on April 15, 1970. Representatives of various agencies concerned with the problem of Navajo Indian employment (e.g., the Arizona State Employment Commission, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and…

  1. 47 CFR 1.1840 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... U.S.C. 791, as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR parts 1614 and... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 1.1840 Section 1.1840... Commission § 1.1840 Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of...

  2. 24 CFR 9.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... CFR part 1613 (subpart G), shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 9.140 Section 9.140... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT § 9.140 Employment. No qualified individual with...

  3. 5 CFR 1850.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 1850.140 Section 1850.140... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE OFFICE OF SPECIAL COUNSEL § 1850.140 Employment. No...

  4. 34 CFR 105.30 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 105.30 Section 105.30 Education Regulations... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION § 105.30 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis...

  5. 5 CFR 1207.130 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 1207.130 Section 1207.130... BOARD § 1207.130 Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of...

  6. 45 CFR 1803.9 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 1803.9 Section 1803.9 Public Welfare... THE BASIS OF HANDICAP § 1803.9 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the...

  7. 45 CFR 1175.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR Part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 1175.140 Section 1175.140 Public... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES § 1175.140 Employment....

  8. 49 CFR 1014.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 1014.140 Section 1014.140... HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD § 1014.140 Employment....

  9. 43 CFR 3861.5-2 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 3861.5-2 Section 3861.5-2 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT...-2 Employment. A mineral claimant may employ any United States mineral surveyor qualified...

  10. 39 CFR 255.5 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... in 29 CFR part 1614 shall apply to employment within the Postal Service. ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 255.5 Section 255.5 Postal Service... Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of disability, be subjected...

  11. 34 CFR 1200.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614... 34 Education 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 1200.140 Section 1200.140 Education... COUNCIL ON DISABILITY § 1200.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis...

  12. 32 CFR 1699.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 1699.140 Section 1699.140 National....140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected...

  13. 1 CFR 457.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 457.140 Section 457.140 General... ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION § 457.140 Employment. No...

  14. 49 CFR 1014.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 49 Transportation 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 1014.140 Section 1014.140... HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD § 1014.140 Employment....

  15. 22 CFR 1510.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Employment. 1510.140 Section 1510.140 Foreign... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION § 1510.140 Employment. No...

  16. 14 CFR 1251.540 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 1251.540 Section 1251.540... Aeronautics and Space Administration § 1251.540 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall,...

  17. 12 CFR 268.705 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 268.705 Section 268.705 Banks and... Physical or Mental Disability § 268.705 Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of a disability, be subjected to discrimination in employment under any program or...

  18. 24 CFR 9.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... CFR part 1613 (subpart G), shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment. 9.140 Section 9.140... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT § 9.140 Employment. No qualified individual with...

  19. 43 CFR 17.540 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 17.540 Section 17.540 Public... Programs or Activities Conducted by the Department of the Interior § 17.540 Employment. No...

  20. 22 CFR 1103.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Employment. 1103.140 Section 1103.140 Foreign... BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION § 1103.140 Employment....

  1. 45 CFR 1153.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 1153.140 Section 1153.140 Public... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS § 1153.140 Employment. No...

  2. 28 CFR 39.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 39.140 Section 39.140... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE § 39.140 Employment. No qualified...

  3. 5 CFR 1207.130 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ....C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 1207.130 Section 1207.130... BOARD § 1207.130 Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of...

  4. 10 CFR 1041.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 1041.140 Section 1041.140 Energy DEPARTMENT OF... ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY § 1041.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person...

  5. 46 CFR 507.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 46 Shipping 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 507.140 Section 507.140 Shipping FEDERAL... HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION § 507.140 Employment....

  6. 44 CFR 16.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 16.140 Section 16... CONDUCTED BY THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY § 16.140 Employment. No qualified individual...

  7. 15 CFR 8c.40 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR Part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 8c.40 Section 8c.40... BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE § 8c.40...

  8. 36 CFR 1208.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 1208.140 Section... ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION § 1208.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall,...

  9. 41 CFR 105-8.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 105-8.140... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION § 105-8.140 Employment. No...

  10. 36 CFR 909.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 909.140 Section... DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION § 909.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of...

  11. 12 CFR 794.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 794.140 Section 794.140 Banks and... CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION § 794.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped...

  12. 36 CFR 1154.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally-conducted programs or activities. ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 1154.140 Section... ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD § 1154.140 Employment. No qualified...

  13. 25 CFR 720.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment. 720.140 Section 720.140 Indians THE OFFICE OF... OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION § 720.140 Employment....

  14. 45 CFR 2490.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 2490.140 Section 2490.140 Public... MADISON MEMORIAL FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION § 2490.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps...

  15. 22 CFR 1005.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Employment. 1005.140 Section 1005.140 Foreign... ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION § 1005.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped...

  16. 47 CFR 1.1840 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... U.S.C. 791, as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR parts 1614 and... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 1.1840 Section 1.1840... Commission § 1.1840 Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of...

  17. 1 CFR 457.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 457.140 Section 457.140 General... ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION § 457.140 Employment. No...

  18. 12 CFR 268.705 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 268.705 Section 268.705 Banks and... Physical or Mental Disability § 268.705 Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of a disability, be subjected to discrimination in employment under any program or...

  19. 45 CFR 2490.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 2490.140 Section 2490.140 Public... MADISON MEMORIAL FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION § 2490.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps...

  20. 29 CFR 4907.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 4907.140 Section 4907.140 Labor Regulations... THE PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION § 4907.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person...

  1. 36 CFR 1154.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally-conducted programs or activities. ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 1154.140 Section... ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD § 1154.140 Employment. No qualified...

  2. 12 CFR 410.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 410.140 Section 410.140 Banks and... IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES § 410.140...

  3. 34 CFR 105.30 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 105.30 Section 105.30 Education Regulations... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION § 105.30 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis...

  4. 45 CFR 1153.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 1153.140 Section 1153.140 Public... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS § 1153.140 Employment. No...

  5. 10 CFR 4.540 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 4.540 Section 4.540 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... Activities Conducted by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission § 4.540 Employment. No qualified...

  6. 12 CFR 352.6 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CFR parts 1614 and 1630, shall apply to employment in the FDIC. ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 352.6 Section 352.6 Banks and... NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY § 352.6 Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall,...

  7. 43 CFR 17.540 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 17.540 Section 17.540 Public... Programs or Activities Conducted by the Department of the Interior § 17.540 Employment. No...

  8. 10 CFR 1041.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 1041.140 Section 1041.140 Energy DEPARTMENT OF... ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY § 1041.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person...

  9. 39 CFR 255.5 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... in 29 CFR part 1614 shall apply to employment within the Postal Service. ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 255.5 Section 255.5 Postal Service... Employment. No qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of disability, be subjected...

  10. 44 CFR 16.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 16.140 Section 16... CONDUCTED BY THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY § 16.140 Employment. No qualified individual...

  11. 22 CFR 1005.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Employment. 1005.140 Section 1005.140 Foreign... ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION § 1005.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped...

  12. 25 CFR 720.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 720.140 Section 720.140 Indians THE OFFICE OF... OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION § 720.140 Employment....

  13. 14 CFR 1251.540 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Employment. 1251.540 Section 1251.540... Aeronautics and Space Administration § 1251.540 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall,...

  14. 36 CFR 909.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 909.140 Section... DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION § 909.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of...

  15. 36 CFR 1208.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment. 1208.140 Section... ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION § 1208.140 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall,...

  16. 32 CFR 1807.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 1807.140 Section 1807.140 National... CENTER § 1807.140 Employment. No qualified individual with disabilities shall, solely on the basis...

  17. 22 CFR 1510.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Employment. 1510.140 Section 1510.140 Foreign... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION § 1510.140 Employment. No...

  18. 13 CFR 136.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... established by the EEOC in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 136.140 Section 136....140 Employment. (a) No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handicap,...

  19. 46 CFR 507.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 507.140 Section 507.140 Shipping FEDERAL... HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION § 507.140 Employment....

  20. 22 CFR 144.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 144.140 Section 144.140 Foreign... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF STATE § 144.140 Employment....

  1. 22 CFR 1103.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Employment. 1103.140 Section 1103.140 Foreign... BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION § 1103.140 Employment....

  2. 45 CFR 1175.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR Part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 1175.140 Section 1175.140 Public... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES § 1175.140 Employment....

  3. 15 CFR 8c.40 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... discrimination in employment under any program or activity conducted by the agency. The definitions, requirements, and procedures of section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR Part 1613, shall apply to employment in...

  4. 7 CFR 15e.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... employment under any program or activity conducted by the agency. The definitions, requirements, and procedures of section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1614, shall apply to employment in federally...

  5. 12 CFR 410.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... employment under any program or activity conducted by the agency. The definitions, requirements, and procedures of section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally...

  6. 40 CFR 12.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... employment under any program or activity conducted by the agency. The definitions, requirements, and procedures of section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally...

  7. 10 CFR 4.124 - Employment criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Employment criteria. 4.124 Section 4.124 Energy NUCLEAR... 1973, as Amended Discriminatory Practices § 4.124 Employment criteria. (a) A recipient may not make use... available. (b) A recipient shall select and administer tests concerning employment so as best to ensure...

  8. Workplace Basics: The Skills Employers Want.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; And Others

    A two-year research project was conducted to determine the skills employers consider necessary for the workplace. Recent changes in the economy have made employers begin to realize that they must assist their current and future workers in achieving competency in workplace basics if they are to be competitive. Employers have come to realize the…

  9. 45 CFR 1170.23 - Employment criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... applicant's or employee's job skills, aptitude, or other factors relevant to adequate performance of the job... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment criteria. 1170.23 Section 1170.23... ASSISTED PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES Employment Practices § 1170.23 Employment criteria. (a) A recipient may...

  10. 16 CFR 1034.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment. 1034.140 Section 1034.140 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...

  11. 16 CFR 1034.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employment. 1034.140 Section 1034.140 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...

  12. 49 CFR 807.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall... TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD § 807.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 807.140 Section 807.140...

  13. 49 CFR 807.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ....C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall... TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD § 807.140 Employment. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment. 807.140 Section 807.140...

  14. 46 CFR 12.805 - Employer requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... an employer-conducted background check. The report must contain— (i) A statement that the applicant has successfully undergone an employer-conducted background check; (ii) A description of the employer-conducted background check, including all databases and records searched. The background check must, at...

  15. Specialized ADR To Settle Faculty Employment Disputes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiNardo, Lawrence C.; Sherrill, John A.; Palmer, Anna R.

    2001-01-01

    Presents an innovative approach to resolution of faculty employment disputes at institutions of higher education. Discusses the framework in which faculty employment issues arise, the current state of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) as it is relevant to employment disputes, and the substantial benefits which could be achieved by developing a…

  16. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  17. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  18. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  19. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  20. Discourses on Employability: Constituting the Responsible Citizen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fejes, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    In the last couple of decades, there has been a shift from speaking about employment to speaking about employability. The interest in this article is directed at how discourses on employability are mobilised in the wider discursive terrain of governance. How does governance operate, what subject is produced and, more specifically, who is…

  1. Employment Patterns of Methadone Maintenance Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloch, Harriet I.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Analysis of employment patterns of methadone maintenance clients had indicated that the majority were not employed at time of program admission. At time of evaluation, 70 percent of the sample were employed; 88 percent of these clients had previous work histories and brought marketable skills with them. (Author)

  2. 20 CFR 655.940 - Employer attestations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... positions unrelated to their field of study, is that the employer provides the educational institution and...) Having jobs requiring a substantially similar level of skills within the area of intended employment; or... employer for the duration of the F-1 student's course of study or until September 30, 1996,...

  3. Psychological Factors Associated with Obtaining Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hensel, Elizabeth; Kroese, Biza Stenfert; Rose, John

    2007-01-01

    Background: Less than 10% of people with intellectual disabilities are employed. The aim of the present study was to investigate what psychological factors might predict employment outcome for people with intellectual disability who had received a placement in a supported employment service. Method: Sixty people were interviewed whilst they were…

  4. 20 CFR 702.111 - Employer's records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employer's records. 702.111 Section 702.111 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR... § 702.111 Employer's records. Every employer shall maintain adequate records of injury sustained...

  5. Teenagers: Employment and Contributions to Family Spending.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, David S.; Lino, Mark

    2000-01-01

    One-third of all teenagers were employed during 1997 98. Adolescents were more likely to be employed if one or both parents worked. The average family income of employed teens was greater than that of unemployed teens. Most working adolescents' earnings do not go toward family necessities. (Contains 24 notes and references.) (SK)

  6. Physician-hospital alignment: "employment lite".

    PubMed

    Hunter, Craig; Baum, Neil

    2013-01-01

    The American healthcare delivery system is undergoing a major change that involves independent solo and small groups of doctors becoming employed by hospitals. Some describe this as a paradigm shift; we view it as a tsunami that is engulfing physicians across the nation. This phenomenon is unfamiliar to most physicians and represents huge risks with the shift from private, fee-for-service practices to practicing as an employee of a hospital. This article discusses the pitfalls associated with the transfer to a hospital employee using a concept called "employment lite." It presents the advantages and disadvantages of employment lite and why this might serve as an alternative to a fully employed hospital physician. The employment lite option is similar to employment in that it allows the physician to enjoy most of the nuances of employment, yet maintain a desirable level of independence. PMID:23547505

  7. 45 CFR 400.75 - Registration for employment services, participation in employability service programs and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., participation in employability service programs and targeted assistance programs, going to job interviews, and... Employment General Requirements § 400.75 Registration for employment services, participation in employability... which is arranged through such agency or service; and (iii) Participate in a social service or...

  8. 45 CFR 400.75 - Registration for employment services, participation in employability service programs and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., participation in employability service programs and targeted assistance programs, going to job interviews, and... Employment General Requirements § 400.75 Registration for employment services, participation in employability... which is arranged through such agency or service; and (iii) Participate in a social service or...

  9. The ICD Survey II: Employing Disabled Americans. A Nationwide Survey of 920 Employers. Study No. 864009.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on the Handicapped, Washington, DC.

    A survey explored what 921 managers nationwide are doing to employ disabled people and return disabled employees to work. It identified barriers that prevent employers from hiring disabled people and steps public and private sectors could take to increase their employment. Employers gave their disabled employees high marks as hard working,…

  10. 41 CFR 60-3.10 - Employment agencies and employment services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... employment services. 60-3.10 Section 60-3.10 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions... Employment agencies and employment services. A. Where selection procedures are devised by agency. An... elsewhere. Where an employment agency or service is requested to administer a selection procedure which...

  11. 41 CFR 60-3.10 - Employment agencies and employment services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... employment services. 60-3.10 Section 60-3.10 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions... Employment agencies and employment services. A. Where selection procedures are devised by agency. An... elsewhere. Where an employment agency or service is requested to administer a selection procedure which...

  12. 29 CFR 33.7 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established in 29 CFR part 1613 (subpart G), shall apply to employment... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Employment. 33.7 Section 33.7 Labor Office of the Secretary... CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR § 33.7 Employment. No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on...

  13. 20 CFR 404.1009 - Who is an employer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who is an employer. 404.1009 Section 404.1009...- ) Employment, Wages, Self-Employment, and Self-Employment Income Employment § 404.1009 Who is an employer. A person is an employer if he or she employs at least one employee. Sometimes it is not clear who a...

  14. 20 CFR 404.1009 - Who is an employer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Who is an employer. 404.1009 Section 404.1009...- ) Employment, Wages, Self-Employment, and Self-Employment Income Employment § 404.1009 Who is an employer. A person is an employer if he or she employs at least one employee. Sometimes it is not clear who a...

  15. 29 CFR 530.103 - Employer assurances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... made available for inspection and transcription by the Administrator or a duly authorized and designated representative, or transcription by the employer upon written request. (g) Piece rates paid...

  16. Full employment maintenance in the private sector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Young, G. A.

    1976-01-01

    Operationally, full employment can be accomplished by applying modern computer capabilities, game and decision concepts, and communication feedback possibilities, rather than accepted economic tools, to the problem of assuring invariant full employment. The government must provide positive direction to individual firms concerning the net number of employees that each firm must hire or refrain from hiring to assure national full employment. To preserve free enterprise and the decision making power of the individual manager, this direction must be based on each private firm's own numerical employment projections.

  17. 45 CFR 86.51 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... recipient; (8) Selection and financial support for training, including apprenticeship, professional meetings... leaves of absence to pursue training; (9) Employer-sponsored activities, including those that are...

  18. Employer attitudes toward persons with visible tattoos.

    PubMed

    Bekhor, P S; Bekhor, L; Gandrabur, M

    1995-05-01

    A total of 242 employers were surveyed over the telephone to assess their attitudes toward prospective employees with visible tattooing. Employers were divided into eight categories according to type of industry. Responses to the survey were tabulated and confidence intervals produced. It would appear that significant bias exists against the employment of persons with visible tattoos in the hospitality, beauty, retail and office sectors where less than 30% of those surveyed would employ a person with a tattoo. All industries except building and the public service admitted that they would be influenced by a visible tattoo in over 40% of cases. PMID:7646392

  19. Predictors of employment after liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Sahota, Amandeep; Zaghla, Hassan; Adkins, Rodney; Ramji, Alnoor; Lewis, Susan; Moser, Jennifer; Sher, Linda S; Fong, Tse-Ling

    2006-01-01

    Employment after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) indicates recipients' physical/psychosocial adjustment. Our aim was to determine clinical, socioeconomic and health-related quality of life parameters influencing employment after OLT. Questionnaire on demographics, medical conditions, alcohol and drug use before/after OLT, and a validated 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) were mailed to 126 adult OLT patients. Stepwise logistic regression was conducted to identify best predictors of post-OLT employment. Among non-retirees, 49% were employed after OLT. The predictors of employment were: employment status, income, disability status before OLT and Model of End Stage Liver Disease score. These variables had prediction rate of 82%. Individuals working during the five yr prior to OLT were likely to return to work (p<0.0001), particularly those who held a job for >6 months prior to OLT (p<0.0001), income>$80 000 before OLT compared with <$30 000 (p=0.036). Patients receiving Social Security Insurance (SSI) payment for >or=6 months prior to OLT, were less likely to work (p=0.0005). Severity/duration of liver dysfunction prior to OLT did not correlate with employment. Sense of physical health was poorer in those employed after OLT than in unemployed (p=0.0003). Socioeconomic factors were the most important predictors of post-OLT employment. PMID:16842527

  20. Employer Practices in Improving Employment Outcomes for People with Disabilities: A Transdisciplinary and Employer-Inclusive Research Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrington, Linda; Bruyère, M.; Waelder, Margaret

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Share new knowledge about workplace practices related to employer success in hiring, retaining, and promoting people with disabilities, and promote use of findings to employers and service providers. Design: A transdisciplinary and multifaceted data gathering approach. Results: Provides an overview of the research approach taken and the…

  1. An analysis of the procedural components of supported employment programs associated with employment outcomes.

    PubMed Central

    McDonnell, J; Nofs, D; Hardman, M; Chambless, C

    1989-01-01

    This study examined the relation between the procedural components of supported employment programs and employment outcomes for 120 individuals with disabilities. These individuals were involved in supported employment programs established through the Utah Supported Employment Project. The results suggest that successful implementation of supported employment services led to ongoing employment of study participants in community work sites, increased wages, and ongoing opportunities for workers to interact with nondisabled peers. In addition, several procedural components were found to be strongly associated with successful employment outcomes for workers. Results of the study are discussed in terms of the training needs of supported employment program staff and future research for the dissemination of a cohesive technology of supported employment. PMID:2613600

  2. Considerations and Outcomes in Transitional Supported Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaylord-Ross, Robert; And Others

    1988-01-01

    The Employment Retention Program is a supported employment program involved in job placement and intensive worksite training of graduating handicapped youth, emphasizing retention strategies that transfer supervision to nonhandicapped co-workers and that promote social interactions between handicapped employees and co-workers. At followup, 60…

  3. 50 CFR 550.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... Wildlife and Fisheries MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION § 550.140 Employment. No...

  4. 50 CFR 550.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... Wildlife and Fisheries MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION § 550.140 Employment. No...

  5. 50 CFR 550.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... Wildlife and Fisheries MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION § 550.140 Employment. No...

  6. 45 CFR 1706.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... INFORMATION SCIENCE ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE § 1706.140 Employment. No...

  7. 50 CFR 550.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... Wildlife and Fisheries MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION § 550.140 Employment. No...

  8. 50 CFR 550.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted programs or activities. ... Wildlife and Fisheries MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION § 550.140 Employment. No...

  9. Alternative Youth Employment Strategies Project: Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadd, Susan; And Others

    The Alternative Youth Employment Strategies (AYES) Project began as one of the demonstration projects funded under the Youth Employment and Demonstration Project Act in 1980. The program, which features three training models, is targeted toward high-risk, disadvantaged youth, especially minority youths from urban areas who had prior involvement…

  10. 20 CFR 632.79 - Employment activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Program Design and Management § 632.79 Employment activities. (a) Community... entities. (b) Work experience. (1) Work experience is a short-term or part-time work assignment with an... private-for-profit sector. (2) Participation in work experience shall be for a reasonable length of...

  11. Benefits & Incentives for Students Entering Supported Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Thomas H.; Moore, Stephen C.

    1992-01-01

    This article describes available benefits and work incentives affecting supported employment placement for students with severe disabilities, including payment for necessary supports (state programs and the Department of Labor), protection of benefits (Social Security programs), and incentives to employers (the Targeted Job Tax Credits program and…

  12. Musician and Teacher: Employability and Identity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garnett, James

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on a study into factors that contribute to the employability of music graduates as teachers. By considering the results of a survey that covered a range of contexts, as well as interviews with secondary school head teachers, it considers the relationship between self-identity and employability. It finds that, in developing…

  13. The Employment of Rural Farm Wives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sweet, James A.

    For the most part an analysis of data from the 1960 Census of Population and Housing, this paper compared the employment rates of married farm women with those of married nonfarm women, the employment rates of rural farm women in different kinds of geographic areas, and the effects of a variety of individual characteristics on the employment…

  14. 29 CFR 36.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Secretary of Labor NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 36.500 Employment. (a) General. (1) No person shall, on the basis of sex, be...

  15. 14 CFR 1253.505 - Employment criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 1253.505 Employment... opportunity that has a disproportionately adverse effect on persons on the basis of sex unless: (a) Use...

  16. 29 CFR 36.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Secretary of Labor NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 36.500 Employment. (a) General. (1) No person shall, on the basis of sex, be...

  17. 29 CFR 36.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Secretary of Labor NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 36.500 Employment. (a) General. (1) No person shall, on the basis of sex, be...

  18. Employer Duties to Accommodate Handicapped Employees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehr, Richard I.

    1980-01-01

    Examines proposed legislation that would add handicapped individuals to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discusses the appropriateness of this proposal, the coverage of the act, the accomodation requirements to be imposed on employers, and the advisability of having the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission administer the legislation.…

  19. Employment Prospects for College Graduates. Policy Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Cathy; Ottinger, Cecilia

    Recent and projected trends in the economy and implications for college graduates are considered. Projected changes during 1982-1995 in the employment of college-educated workers are indicated for about 85 occupations, using percentages indicating fast to slow increases/decreases in opportunity. Employment forecasts for the following types of…

  20. An Employer Needs Assessment for Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muraski, Ed J.; Whiteman, Dick

    An employer needs assessment study was performed at Porterville College (PC), in California in 1991 as part of a comprehensive educational planning process for PC and the surrounding area. A validated survey instrument was sent to a stratified random sampling of 593 employers in the community, asking them to provide general information about their…

  1. Continuing Controversy in Equal Employment Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogt, Carl W.; Robles, Martin J.

    1980-01-01

    Some current controversies in the growing body of equal employment law are examined: wage comparability in the context of sex discrimination; procedural sections of the laws and related litigation; class actions by the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission; the scope of litigation; and the criteria for conferring standing on the plaintiff.…

  2. 22 CFR 62.16 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employment. 62.16 Section 62.16 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM General Provisions § 62.16 Employment. (a) An exchange visitor may receive compensation from the sponsor or the...

  3. 22 CFR 62.16 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Employment. 62.16 Section 62.16 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM General Provisions § 62.16 Employment. (a) An exchange visitor may receive compensation from the sponsor or the...

  4. 22 CFR 62.16 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Employment. 62.16 Section 62.16 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM General Provisions § 62.16 Employment. (a) An exchange visitor may receive compensation from the sponsor or the...

  5. 22 CFR 62.16 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employment. 62.16 Section 62.16 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM General Provisions § 62.16 Employment. (a) An exchange visitor may receive compensation from the sponsor or the...

  6. 22 CFR 62.16 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Employment. 62.16 Section 62.16 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM General Provisions § 62.16 Employment. (a) An exchange visitor may receive compensation from the sponsor or the...

  7. 22 CFR 62.74 - Student employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Student employment. 62.74 Section 62.74 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.74 Student employment. (a) Students meeting the definition...

  8. 22 CFR 62.74 - Student employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Student employment. 62.74 Section 62.74 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.74 Student employment. (a) Students meeting the definition...

  9. 22 CFR 62.74 - Student employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Student employment. 62.74 Section 62.74 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.74 Student employment. (a) Students meeting the definition...

  10. 22 CFR 62.74 - Student employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Student employment. 62.74 Section 62.74 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.74 Student employment. (a) Students meeting the definition...

  11. 7 CFR 15a.51 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs and Activities Prohibited § 15a.51 Employment. (a) General. (1) No person shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded... status because of sex. (3) A recipient shall not enter into any contractual or other relationship...

  12. 38 CFR 23.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 23.500 Employment. (a) General. (1) No person shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in,...

  13. 10 CFR 5.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... COMMISSION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.500 Employment. (a) General. (1) No person shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded...

  14. 45 CFR 618.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Employment. 618.500 Section 618.500 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment...

  15. 22 CFR 146.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Employment. 146.500 Section 146.500 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited...

  16. 34 CFR 106.51 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 106.51 Employment. (a) General. (1) No person shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in,...

  17. 31 CFR 28.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Employment. 28.500 Section 28.500 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education...

  18. 15 CFR 8a.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Employment. 8a.500 Section 8a.500 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs...

  19. 22 CFR 146.500 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Employment. 146.500 Section 146.500 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited...

  20. Does Parental Employment Affect Children's Educational Attainment?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schildberg-Hoerisch, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes whether there exists a causal relationship between parental employment and children's educational attainment. We address potential endogeneity problems due to (i) selection of parents in the labor market by estimating a model on sibling differences and (ii) reverse causality by focusing on parents' employment when children are…

  1. 45 CFR 1803.9 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment. 1803.9 Section 1803.9 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) HARRY S. TRUMAN SCHOLARSHIP FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...

  2. 45 CFR 400.154 - Employability services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Refugee Social Services Scope of Refugee Social Services § 400.154 Employability services. A State may provide the...) Day care for children, when necessary for participation in an employability service or for...

  3. 45 CFR 400.154 - Employability services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Refugee Social Services Scope of Refugee Social Services § 400.154 Employability services. A State may provide the...) Day care for children, when necessary for participation in an employability service or for...

  4. 36 CFR 406.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 406.140 Parks, Forests, and Public Property AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY AMERICAN BATTLE...

  5. 36 CFR 406.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 406.140 Parks, Forests, and Public Property AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY AMERICAN BATTLE...

  6. 36 CFR 406.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 406.140 Parks, Forests, and Public Property AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY AMERICAN BATTLE...

  7. 36 CFR 406.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 406.140 Parks, Forests, and Public Property AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY AMERICAN BATTLE...

  8. 36 CFR 406.140 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... 406.140 Parks, Forests, and Public Property AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY AMERICAN BATTLE...

  9. Crisis and Employment: The Case of Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Dongchul; Shin, Sukha

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines Korea's employment dynamics and analyzes how adverse impacts could be mitigated during the recent economic crisis in comparison with the 1997 to 1998 Asian crisis. A clear lesson is that policies to mitigate adverse impacts of financial crisis on the macroeconomic level should be given priority for preserving employment. In…

  10. Employment and Training Evaluation Report--1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

    This document is responsive to requirements in the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) to report on findings from research and evaluation activities conducted in fiscal 1979 and plans for fiscal 1980 by the Employment and Training Administration (ETA) and the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, Evaluation, and Research…

  11. Maine's Employability Skills Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMahon, John M.; Wolffe, Karen E.; Wolfe, Judy; Brooker, Carrie

    2013-01-01

    This Practice Report describes the development and implementation of the "Maine Employability Skills Program," a model employment program developed by the Maine Division for the Blind and Visually Impaired (DBVI). The program was designed to support the efforts of the chronically unemployed or underemployed. These consumers were either…

  12. 10 CFR 1040.14 - Covered employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., color, national origin, or sex (when covered by section 16 and section 401) in its employment practices... provide work experience which contributes to the education or training of the individuals involved; (iii... origin, or sex (when covered by section 16 or section 401) in such employment practices tends to...

  13. The Employment Imperative and Labour Market Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    OECD Observer, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Discusses policies which, combined with sound macro-economic policies, can contribute to reducing structural and cyclical unemployment without compounding inflation. Topic areas considered include: structural employment policies; temporary measures to promote employment during recovery; restructuring of working time; and role of collective…

  14. 18 CFR 1307.5 - Employment discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... discrimination. 1307.5 Section 1307.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO HANDICAP § 1307.5 Employment discrimination. (a) General. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected to discrimination in employment under any program...

  15. 18 CFR 1307.5 - Employment discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... discrimination. 1307.5 Section 1307.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO HANDICAP § 1307.5 Employment discrimination. (a) General. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected to discrimination in employment under any program...

  16. 18 CFR 1307.5 - Employment discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... discrimination. 1307.5 Section 1307.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO HANDICAP § 1307.5 Employment discrimination. (a) General. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected to discrimination in employment under any program...

  17. 18 CFR 1307.5 - Employment discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... discrimination. 1307.5 Section 1307.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO HANDICAP § 1307.5 Employment discrimination. (a) General. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected to discrimination in employment under any program...

  18. 18 CFR 1307.5 - Employment discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... discrimination. 1307.5 Section 1307.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO HANDICAP § 1307.5 Employment discrimination. (a) General. No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected to discrimination in employment under any program...

  19. Employability Deconstructed: Perceptions of Bologna Stakeholders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sin, Cristina; Neave, Guy

    2016-01-01

    The paper analyses employability as a floating signifier--a construct that accommodates different and often contending meanings. A preliminary analysis of scholarly literature identifies two opposed interpretations of employability--an individual responsibility versus a comprehensive context-aware construct. These are subsequently applied to the…

  20. 29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... two or more employers at the same time under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, since there is... Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR......

  1. 29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... two or more employers at the same time under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, since there is... Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR......

  2. 29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... two or more employers at the same time under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, since there is... Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR......

  3. 29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... two or more employers at the same time under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, since there is... Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR......

  4. 29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... two or more employers at the same time under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, since there is... Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR......

  5. 22 CFR 62.74 - Student employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Student employment. 62.74 Section 62.74 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.74 Student employment. (a) Students meeting the definition...

  6. Employer Attitudes toward Hiring the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minskoff, Esther H.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Employers (N=326) from six states were surveyed about their attitudes toward hiring the handicapped in general and the learning disabled in particular. While employers were conditionally willing to make special allowances for handicapped workers, only about one-half stated they would hire learning disabled workers. (Author/JW)

  7. 45 CFR 400.154 - Employability services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Refugee Social Services Scope of Refugee Social Services § 400.154 Employability services. A State may provide the... 45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Employability services. 400.154 Section...

  8. 45 CFR 400.154 - Employability services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Refugee Social Services Scope of Refugee Social Services § 400.154 Employability services. A State may provide the... 45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Employability services. 400.154 Section...

  9. 45 CFR 400.154 - Employability services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Refugee Social Services Scope of Refugee Social Services § 400.154 Employability services. A State may provide the... 45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true Employability services. 400.154 Section...

  10. Employment Opportunities for University Graduates in Slovenia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trbanc, Martina

    1995-01-01

    This article describes recent changes in Slovenia including its economic situation, employment possibilities, and trends in higher education. It discusses economic restructuring and its impact on the labor market, opportunities for graduates in the labor market, changes in employment opportunities, the effect of state intervention, and legislative…

  11. 12 CFR 563.39 - Employment contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... enter into an employment contract with its officers and other employees only in accordance with the... by an association's board of directors. An association shall not enter into an employment contract with any of its officers or other employees if such contract would constitute an unsafe or...

  12. Employer Sanctions in Europe. CIS Paper 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Mark J.; Lovell, Malcolm R., Jr.

    This booklet contains two papers on Western European countries' attempt to deal with illegal immigration through employer sanctions. In "Deterrence without Discrimination," Mark J. Miller discusses the sanctions employed by France and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). Evidence from the early years of enforcement reveals that due to poor…

  13. Immigrant Groups, Vocational Training, and Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kvist, Ann Valentin

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to assess the effect of vocational training on employability for immigrant groups. Design/methodology/approach: Cognitive test results were computed as factor scores on broad ability variables, and group means were calculated. The effects of cognitive factors and training on employment were investigated in a series of…

  14. 45 CFR 86.52 - Employment criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.52 Employment criteria....

  15. 45 CFR 86.52 - Employment criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.52 Employment criteria....

  16. 45 CFR 86.52 - Employment criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.52 Employment criteria....

  17. 45 CFR 86.52 - Employment criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.52 Employment criteria....

  18. 45 CFR 86.52 - Employment criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.52 Employment criteria....

  19. 45 CFR 606.40 - Employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL SCIENCE...

  20. Education and Public Sector Employment. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnoy, Martin; And Others

    A study examined the patterns of employment in the public sector as compared to the private, possible changes in that pattern in the last decade, and implications for educational policy. By using the human capital concept (employment patterns depend on productivity differences in individuals) and labor market segmentation analysis, the following…