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Sample records for energias renovables opcion

  1. 77 FR 74472 - Application to Export Electric Energy; Energia Renovable S.C., LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-14

    ... Application to Export Electric Energy; Energia Renovable S.C., LLC AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, DOE. ACTION: Notice of application. SUMMARY: Energia Renovable S.C., LLC (Energia... 402(f) of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7151(b), 7172(f)) and...

  2. Energia Renovable para Centros de Salud Rurales (Renewable Energy for Rural Health Clinics)

    SciTech Connect

    Jimenez, T.; Olson, K.

    1999-07-28

    Esta es la primera de una serie de guias de aplicaciones que el Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL esta comisionando para acoplar sistemas comerciales renovables con aplicaciones rurales, incluyendo agua, escuelas rurales y micro empresas. La guia esta complementada por las actividades de desarrollo del Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL, proyectos pilotos internacionales y programas de visitas profesionales.

  3. Historical Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 2003

    2003-01-01

    Describes how two colleges are combining historical renovation with state-of-the-art design. The historic Thompson House on the campus of Austin College, Texas, is now a modern building adapted to the computer age with appropriate restoration to the aesthetic grandeur of the late 19th century. Yale University's Lillian Goldman Law Library now…

  4. Facility Focus: Historic Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes the renovation of historic buildings at Rice University (conversion of the Chemistry Building into space for the biophysics and bioengineering departments) and at Princeton University (renovation of the Dial Lodge eating club into a building for the Bendheim Center for Finance). Includes photographs. (EV)

  5. Physics Lab Renovation 101

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramlo, Susan

    2007-01-01

    If you have an older physics laboratory and/or classroom space, you've probably dreamed about how to make the space more adaptable to today's technology and the best teaching and learning practices. Yet, few articles exist in the literature to give us direction for this type of renovation, thus creating the potential of misspending funds that are…

  6. Laboratory Renovation: The Hidden Cost.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manicone, Santo

    2000-01-01

    Provides an overview of the variety of problems that may be incurred, and the series of procedures that can be used, to manage science laboratory renovation activities. The planning, decontamination and moving, construction and renovation, and moving in stages are examined. (GR)

  7. CEBAF Control Room Renovation

    SciTech Connect

    Michael Spata; Thomas Oren

    2005-05-01

    The Machine Control Center at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on workflow processes and ergonomic attributes. This effort also sets the foundation for the redevelopment of the accelerator's control system to deliver high reliability performance with improvements in beam specifications management and information flow. The complete renovation was performed over a three-week period with no interruption to beam operations. We present the results of this effort.

  8. CEBAF Control Room Renovation

    SciTech Connect

    Michael Spata; Anthony Cuffe; Thomas Oren

    2005-03-22

    The Machine Control Center (MCC) at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) was constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on work-flow processes and ergonomic attributes. The renovation was performed in two phases during the summer of 2004, with one phase occurring during machine operations and the latter, more extensive phase, occurring during our semi-annual shutdown period. The new facility takes advantage of advances in display technology, analog and video signal management, server technology, ergonomic workspace design, lighting engineering, acoustic ceilings and raised flooring solutions to provide a marked improvement in the overall environment of machine operations.

  9. CEBAF Control Room Renovation

    SciTech Connect

    Michael Spata; Thomas Oren

    2005-05-01

    The Machine Control Center (MCC) at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facility's 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve workflow processes and ergonomic attributes. This effort also sets the foundation for the redevelopment of the accelerator's control system to deliver high reliability performance with improvements in beam specifications management and information flow. The complete renovation was performed over a three-week maintenance period with no interruption to beam operations. We present the results of this effort.

  10. How to Survive Library Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Linda Stern

    1992-01-01

    Describes the renovation of the library at Walnut Hill School for the Arts (Natick, Massachusetts). Topics discussed include initial planning; packing up the collection for storage; dealing with construction delays while maintaining some library service; moving into the new space; student and teacher reactions; and the effects on library use. (LRW)

  11. How To Renovate for Sustainability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturgeon, Julie

    2003-01-01

    Suggests ways to renovate buildings with sustainability in mind, with specific tips in the areas of: (1) lights; energy management; (3) walls and roofs; (4) water; and (5) aesthetics. No one thing will make a building sustainable; it is the aggregate that makes it effective. (SLD)

  12. School Gymnasiums--When To Renovate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knouse, S. Dwight, II

    2002-01-01

    Discusses considerations when contemplating gym renovation, including examples of illustrative schools: Is the current volume adequate to consider renovation? Does the current structure allow for expansion? How will Americans with disabilities regulations affect the project? Is there an alternate space to hold classes and sporting events during…

  13. Building renovation and IAQ: A case study

    SciTech Connect

    Meckler, M. )

    1994-07-01

    Ventilation requirements originally intended for a given space use may not be adequate if the building is renovated. Therefore, renovation of buildings represents a growing concern for indoor air quality (IAQ) compliance among design professionals and building managers alike and requires careful planning, close supervision, and effective communication with people affected by the project. This article will present the results of an actual renovation project in which CO fumes, emitted from a gas engine-driven concrete saw/cutter operated in an unoccupied, renovated space, entered into an adjacent occupied space, reportedly causing CO-related symptoms. CO is a byproduct of combustion of carbon-containing materials in an oxygen-deficient environment. Since the incident was not anticipated, CO concentrations were not measured within the renovated and adjacent bank spaces during the operation and had to be estimated by subsequent mathematical modeling, which is described in this article. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas.

  14. Funding of Facility Repairs and Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaiser, Harvey H.

    1984-01-01

    Compares the life cycle approach for campus building repair and renovation to the University of California's comprehensive building maintenance formula and advises that formulas be used cautiously as a method of determining appropriate budget levels. (MLF)

  15. Include Passive Solar in Your Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bender, Gerald F.; Probasco, Jack F.

    1981-01-01

    A checklist covers potential energy saving modifications in a building scheduled for renovation, and includes suggestions for room utilization, landscaping, and building envelope, solar control, and active system modifications. (Author)

  16. 76 FR 56136 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre-Renovation Education Activities in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ... listings at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/ . 2. In person: you may read this document, and certain other... teach renovation classes, that individuals performing renovation activities are properly trained and...) regulations governing renovation activities. See 73 FR 21692. These regulations require that in order to...

  17. Eight Budget-Stretching Renovation Ideas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rittner-Heir, Robbin M.

    1997-01-01

    Provides eight tips on how to save money during school district renovation when budgets are tight. Suggestions discussed include the use of volunteers for some basic work, offering summer maintenance positions to existing employees, adding an energy monitoring system, replacing older heating and lighting systems, and renting classroom space during…

  18. Energy-Efficient Renovation of Educational Buildings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erhorn-Kluttig, Heike; Morck, Ove

    2005-01-01

    Case studies demonstrating energy-efficient renovation of educational buildings collected by the International Energy Agency (IEA) provide information on retrofit technologies, energy-saving approaches and ventilation strategies. Some general findings are presented here along with one case study, Egebjerg School in Denmark, which shows how natural…

  19. The Security Factor in School Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    1998-01-01

    Discusses how one Indiana high school used its renovation as an opportunity to reevaluate the school's security design. Security considerations in the building's external and internal environment include lighting, directional signage, parking, access control technology, and issues regarding the use of closed circuit television. (GR)

  20. 76 FR 47917 - Lead; Clearance and Clearance Testing Requirements for the Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ... be easy to teach certified renovators to collect paint chip samples in the renovator course and this... beyond 8 hours. Others noted that renovators are already being taught many of the necessary skills...

  1. Library Renovation Leads to Soul Searching at Cal Poly

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2006-01-01

    This article reports on a library renovation at California State Polytechnic University at Pomona which incurs complaints from professors and librarians about a shift from print to online materials. The $60-million project at Cal Poly is providing a difficult lesson in the challenges of library renovation, and in the changing role of one of the…

  2. Renovation of the hot press in the Plutonium Experimental Facility

    SciTech Connect

    Congdon, J.W.; Nelson, G.H.

    1990-03-05

    The Plutonium Experimental Facility (PEF) will be used to develop a new fuel pellet fabrication process and to evaluate equipment upgrades. The facility was used from 1978 until 1982 to optimize the parameters for fuel pellet production using a process which was developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The PEF was shutdown and essentially abandoned until mid-1987 when the facility renovations were initiated by the Actinide Technology Section (ATS) of SRL. A major portion of the renovation work was related to the restart of the hot press system. This report describes the renovations and modifications which were required to restart the PEF hot press. The primary purpose of documenting this work is to help provide a basis for Separations to determine the best method of renovating the hot press in the Plutonium Fuel Fabrication (PuFF) facility. This report also includes several SRL recommendations concerning the renovation and modification of the PuFF hot press. 4 refs.

  3. Tips for cleanroom construction and renovation.

    PubMed

    Mixon, William; Huffman, Lanny

    2009-01-01

    The installation or renovation of a cleanroom is an increasing priority among compounders who, to offer sterile preparations, must comply with the most recent version of United States Pharmacopeia revised General Chapter 797 guidelines. To upgrade their pharmacy facilites, many compounders have worked successfully with a large-scale mechanical engineering firm or a specialized construction company dedicated to cleanroom installation. However, a qualified local mechanical contractor with design capability is a valuable and often overlooked resource for the construction of customized stae-of-the-art cleanrooms. In this report, we describe the installation of such a facility in a busy pharmacy and suggest ways in which compounding pharmacists can identify competent local contractors and control the cost of construction and upgrades. The addition of a cleanroom has enabled The Compounding Pharmacy in Hickory, North Carolina, to achieve accreditation from the Pharmacy Compounding Accreditation Board. PMID:23970002

  4. Acoustical components of the Orpheum Theatre renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conant, David A.

    2002-05-01

    The before and after acoustically-important listening conditions and measurements are described for a $14.2 million restoration and renovation of this 1,400-seat grand 1929 Movie Palace-at one time the tallest building in Phoenix. Great care was taken to restore all the acoustically good parts of the original design and to subtly modify the acoustically-troublesome parts (including severely focusing dome and sidewalls) so they looked the same but performed properly. A beautiful playhouse was achieved in 1997 with fine, fixed acoustics and conventional audio reinforcement, a surrounding Italian village, plenty of gilt, moving clouds and sunsets overhead. Today, the venue successfully hosts shows from performance art to ballet to jazz. It was not intended (acoustically) to serve classical music but does so on occasion.

  5. Tips for cleanroom construction and renovation.

    PubMed

    Mixon, William; Huffman, Lanny

    2009-01-01

    The installation or renovation of a cleanroom is an increasing priority among compounders who, to offer sterile preparations, must comply with the most recent version of United States Pharmacopeia revised General Chapter 797 guidelines. To upgrade their pharmacy facilites, many compounders have worked successfully with a large-scale mechanical engineering firm or a specialized construction company dedicated to cleanroom installation. However, a qualified local mechanical contractor with design capability is a valuable and often overlooked resource for the construction of customized stae-of-the-art cleanrooms. In this report, we describe the installation of such a facility in a busy pharmacy and suggest ways in which compounding pharmacists can identify competent local contractors and control the cost of construction and upgrades. The addition of a cleanroom has enabled The Compounding Pharmacy in Hickory, North Carolina, to achieve accreditation from the Pharmacy Compounding Accreditation Board.

  6. Photocopy of ground floor plan, ca. 12939. Plans and renovations ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of ground floor plan, ca. 12939. Plans and renovations required for the 1940-1941 addition are overlaid on the original plan - Stamford Post Office, 421 Atlantic Street, Stamford, Fairfield County, CT

  7. Maintaining Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) during Construction and Renovation

    MedlinePlus

    ... and licensed contractors are required to conduct renovation. Biological Materials Chronic dampness from water intrusion leads to ... require special precautions prior to demolition to prevent biological dusts from dispersing in the occupied space. Another ...

  8. Renovation and expansion of an academic health sciences library.

    PubMed Central

    Horres, M M; Hitt, S

    1984-01-01

    Planning is described for the renovation, expansion, and principal design features of the Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The three-and-a-half-year construction project resulted in the addition of three floors over the existing building and a complete renovation of the original floor space. An architectural summary provides statistics on project costs and building capacities. Images PMID:6743879

  9. Construction/renovation influence on indoor air quality

    SciTech Connect

    Kuehn, T.H.

    1996-10-01

    Much of the current construction activity in the US is renovation of existing buildings. So IAQ issues related to renovation are becoming more important. Indoor air contaminants that originate from nearby construction projects are also receiving increased attention. In some critical applications such as hospitals, IAQ control protocols have been developed and are being implemented. Extensive abatement methods for a few activities such as asbestos removal and fire damage cleanup have been developed that provide guidance for more general contamination control efforts. ASHRAE sponsored a research project to review the published literature and document current practice on indoor air quality issues related to construction and renovation activities (804-RP). This article outlines the major results from the study.

  10. The Renovation and Future Capabilities of the Thacher Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Neill, Katie; Osuna, Natalie; Edwards, Nick; Klink, Douglas; Swift, Jonathan; Vyhnal, Chris; Meyer, Kurt

    2016-01-01

    The Thacher School is in the process of renovating the campus observatory with a new meter class telescope and full automation capabilities for the purpose of scientific research and education. New equipment on site has provided a preliminary site characterization including seeing and V-band sky brightness measurements. These data, along with commissioning data from the MINERVA project (which uses comparable hardware) are used to estimate the capabilities of the observatory once renovation is complete. Our V-band limiting magnitude is expected to be better than 21.3 for a one minute integration time, and we estimate that milli-magnitude precision photometry will be possible for a V=14.5 point source over approximately 5 min timescales. The quick response, autonomous operation, and multi-band photometric capabilities of the renovated observatory will make it a powerful follow-up science facility for exoplanets, eclipsing binaries, near-Earth objects, stellar variability, and supernovae.

  11. Bethune-Cookman University STEM Research Lab. DOE Renovation Project

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, Herbert W.

    2012-03-31

    DOE funding was used to renovate 4,500 square feet of aging laboratories and classrooms that support science, engineering, and mathematics disciplines (specifically environmental science, and computer engineering). The expansion of the labs was needed to support robotics and environmental science research, and to better accommodate a wide variety of teaching situations. The renovated space includes a robotics laboratory, two multi-use labs, safe spaces for the storage of instrumentation, modern ventilation equipment, and other “smart” learning venues. The renovated areas feature technologies that are environmentally friendly with reduced energy costs. A campus showcase, the laboratories are a reflection of the University’s commitment to the environment and research as a tool for teaching. As anticipated, the labs facilitate the exploration of emerging technologies that are compatible with local and regional economic plans.

  12. Development of Facilities Master Plan and Laboratory Renovation Project

    SciTech Connect

    Fox, Andrea D

    2011-10-03

    Funding from this grant has allowed Morehouse School of Medicine to complete its first professionally developed, comprehensive campus master plan that is in alignment with the recently completed strategic plan. In addition to master planning activities, funds were used for programming and designing research renovations, and also to supplement other research facility upgrades by providing lighting and equipment. The activities funded by this grant will provide the catalyst for substantial improvement in the School's overall facilities for biomedical education and research, and will also provide much of the information needed to conduct a successful campaign to raise funds for proposed buildings and renovations.

  13. Space planning: a renovation saga involving library users.

    PubMed

    Norton, Hannah F; Butson, Linda C; Tennant, Michele R; Botero, Cecilia E

    2013-01-01

    From 2010 to 2012, librarians at the University of Florida Health Science Center Library (HSCL) used an online survey and focus groups to gather user input on preferences for an ideal library space. User input guided the HSCL's renovation plans and put a clear focus on enhancing technology, improving infrastructure, enabling group collaboration, and creating comfortable spaces. Additional communication with users during renovation was vital in ensuring continued usability of nonconstruction spaces and shared understanding of the construction timeline. While specific user suggestions are particular to the HSCL, overall themes and methods for eliciting input will be useful to other libraries undergoing space planning.

  14. 45 CFR 1309.5 - Eligibility-Major Renovations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eligibility-Major Renovations. 1309.5 Section 1309.5 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES,...

  15. Renovation vs. New Construction: Choosing the Right Path

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cruickshank, Catherine; Statz, Sam

    2013-01-01

    construction, many district administrators face a fork in the road: renovate or opt for new construction? The importance of this decision should not be taken lightly; it can have serious ramifications for years to come. Each situation is unique. Just as no two students are…

  16. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... activity begins (such as site preparation that would break up, dislodge or similarly disturb asbestos... up, dislodge, or similarly disturb asbestos material) in a demolition or renovation; planned... begins that would break up, dislodge, or similarly disturb the material or preclude access to...

  17. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... activity begins (such as site preparation that would break up, dislodge or similarly disturb asbestos... up, dislodge, or similarly disturb asbestos material) in a demolition or renovation; planned... begins that would break up, dislodge, or similarly disturb the material or preclude access to...

  18. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... activity begins (such as site preparation that would break up, dislodge or similarly disturb asbestos... up, dislodge, or similarly disturb asbestos material) in a demolition or renovation; planned... begins that would break up, dislodge, or similarly disturb the material or preclude access to...

  19. Tribal Child Care Facilities: A Guide to Construction and Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Health and Human Services, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 allowed Tribes to use Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) monies for the construction or renovation of child care facilities. As procedures have been implemented over the years, Tribes and Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Regional Offices have identified a…

  20. Maintaining High-Performance Schools after Construction or Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luepke, Gary; Ronsivalli, Louis J., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    With taxpayers' considerable investment in schools, it is critical for school districts to preserve their community's assets with new construction or renovation and effective facility maintenance programs. "High-performance" school buildings are designed to link the physical environment to positive student achievement while providing such benefits…

  1. Renovating Interior Office Space: What a Manager Needs To Consider.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babey, Evelyn R.

    When planning an office renovation, a manager should design an office layout that is efficient and should consider the psychological aspects of office design, including sound level, color harmony, and lighting. The manager must also have a good understanding of all phases of the project plan and the timing involved. There are basically five phases…

  2. Dorm Renovations: To Increase Enrollment or Maintain Status Quo?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stauff, William

    2001-01-01

    Explores South Carolina's Erskine College's planning and decision making process to renovate all seven of its dormitories over three summers. Discusses how the organization built a strong relationship with the contractor, successfully utilized outside architectural and consulting services, applied facilities management techniques in the process,…

  3. Modern offices now occupying the completely renovated "machine shop" area ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Modern offices now occupying the completely renovated "machine shop" area (see drawing copy NV-35-B-5) at the Southeast corner of the building. - Bureau of Mines Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Original Building, Date Street north of U.S. Highway 93, Boulder City, Clark County, NV

  4. Common Day Care Safety Renovations: Descriptions, Explanations and Cost Estimates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spack, Stan

    This booklet explains some of the day care safety features specified by the new Massachusetts State Building Code (January 1, 1975) which must be met before a new day care center can be licensed. The safety features described are those which most often require renovation to meet the building code standards. Best estimates of the costs involved in…

  5. Renovating Early Childhood Education Pedagogy: A Case Study in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thao, Dang Phuong; Boyd, Wendy Anne

    2014-01-01

    Since 2003, the Vietnamese government has prioritised curriculum reform efforts and commitment to improving the quality of the national curriculum. The Vietnamese early childhood education renovation has encountered considerable changes and challenges, particularly in the area of pedagogical approaches. Many early childhood teachers continue to…

  6. 45 CFR 1309.5 - Eligibility-Major Renovations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Eligibility-Major Renovations. 1309.5 Section 1309.5 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START FACILITIES...

  7. 75 FR 6383 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre-Renovation Education Activities in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ... hazard investigator or by a certified renovator using a Wisconsin-recognized test kit. The work is minor... Exposure Reduction. In the Federal Register dated April 22, 2008, (73 FR 21692), EPA promulgated final TSCA... dust sampling technicians. In the Federal Register of June 1, 1998, (63 FR 29908), EPA...

  8. 76 FR 27044 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre-Renovation Education Activities in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... certified lead inspector, risk assessor or by a certified renovator using an EPA-recognized test kit. The... Reduction. In the Federal Register dated April 22, 2008, (73 FR 21692), EPA promulgated final TSCA section... dust sampling technicians. In the Federal Register of June 1, 1998, (63 FR 29908), EPA...

  9. Effects of pasture renovation on hydrology, nutrient runoff, and forage yield.

    PubMed

    de Koff, J P; Moore, P A; Formica, J; Van Eps, M; DeLaune, P B

    2011-01-01

    Proper pasture management is important in promoting optimal forage growth and reducing runoff and nutrient loss. Pasture renovation is a management tool that improves aeration by mechanically creating holes or pockets within the soil. Pasture renovation was performed before manure application (poultry litter or swine slurry) on different pasture soils and rainfall simulations were conducted to identify the effects of pasture renovation on nutrient runoff and forage growth. Renovation of small plots resulted in significant and beneficial hydrological changes. During the first rainfall simulation, runoff volumes were 45 to 74% lower for seven out of eight renovated treatments, and infiltration rates increased by 3 to 87% for all renovated treatments as compared with nonrenovated treatments. Renovation of pasture soils fertilized with poultry litter led to significant reductions in dissolved reactive P (DRP) (74-87%), total P (TP) (76-85%), and total nitrogen (TN) (72-80%) loads in two of the three soils studied during the first rainfall simulation. Renovation did not result in any significant differences in forage yields. Overall, beneficial impacts of renovation lasted up to 3 mo, the most critical period for nutrient runoff following manure application. Therefore, renovation could be an important best management practice in these areas.

  10. Renovating a 65-year-old performing arts center

    SciTech Connect

    Gifford, R.S. )

    1994-03-01

    This article describes the HVAC, electrical and lighting systems that were upgraded in the renovations to the Wang Center for the Performing Arts. The renovations and restorations involved a complete restoration to elaborate interior finishes and a comprehensive upgrade of antiquated core mechanical and electrical systems in a 65-year-old performing arts theater. A new thermal storage cooling system, a new electrical power distribution system, new lighting systems and a new fire protection system were accomplished simultaneously as the theater interior was completely refinished with meticulous detail. The project offered a rare opportunity to integrate current technology with what may at first appear to be obsolete systems to enable the original architectural grandeur to be maintained, yet be fully functional to meet the demanding requirements of a modern performing arts center. It is an example of a successful project that was completed within a very aggressive construction schedule and within a controlled budget.

  11. Renovation and Expansion of the Caspary Research Building. Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Grassia, V. L.

    2004-02-07

    Critical to the Hospital's rebuilding efforts have been its public partners at the federal, state, and local government levels who have made a major financial commitment to renovating the Hospital's research infrastructure. To date, the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) has been awarded a total of nearly $8.5 million to create and equip new, state-of-the-art laboratories for scientific investigations. The modernization of the Hospital's research facilities was jump-started in 1998 with a $950,000 seed grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to renovate laboratories for immunology research in the Caspary Research Building. Coupled with a matching $5.5 million commitment from HSS, this infusion of NIH funding laid the groundwork for an overhaul of all of the Hospital's research space.

  12. Lead poisoning among construction workers renovating a previously deleaded bridge.

    PubMed

    Reynolds, S J; Fuortes, L J; Garrels, R L; Whitten, P; Sprince, N L

    1997-03-01

    This study evaluated lead poisoning among construction workers renovating a previously deleaded bridge. Twelve of 44 tested workers had blood leads exceeding 20 micrograms/dL. One was 50 micrograms/dL and two exceeded 40 micrograms/dL. Following medical intervention, blood leads dropped significantly, while ZPPs did not. Renovation released lead that had been inaccessible during deleading. Workers did not use engineering controls or respirators, change clothes, wash hands, or shower. Intervention included a lead-compliance program with provisions for exposure evaluation, training, hygiene, and engineering controls. Construction contractors and workers need to be aware that deleading of bridges and other structures may not remove lead from inaccessible locations. In particular, owners of these structures should specify provisions for anticipating and controlling this hazard in contracts.

  13. Health Outcomes and Green Renovation of Affordable Housing

    PubMed Central

    Breysse, Jill; Jacobs, David E.; Weber, William; Dixon, Sherry; Kawecki, Carol; Aceti, Susan; Lopez, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    Objective This study sought to determine whether renovating low-income housing using “green” and healthy principles improved resident health and building performance. Methods We investigated resident health and building performance outcomes at baseline and one year after the rehabilitation of low-income housing using Enterprise Green Communities green specifications, which improve ventilation; reduce moisture, mold, pests, and radon; and use sustainable building products and other healthy housing features. We assessed participant health via questionnaire, provided Healthy Homes training to all participants, and measured ventilation, carbon dioxide, and radon. Results Adults reported statistically significant improvements in overall health, asthma, and non-asthma respiratory problems. Adults also reported that their children's overall health improved, with significant improvements in non-asthma respiratory problems. Post-renovation building performance testing indicated that the building envelope was tightened and local exhaust fans performed well. New mechanical ventilation was installed (compared with no ventilation previously), with fresh air being supplied at 70% of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers standard. Radon was <2 picocuries per liter of air following mitigation, and the annual average indoor carbon dioxide level was 982 parts per million. Energy use was reduced by 45% over the one-year post-renovation period. Conclusions We found significant health improvements following low-income housing renovation that complied with green standards. All green building standards should include health requirements. Collaboration of housing, public health, and environmental health professionals through integrated design holds promise for improved health, quality of life, building operation, and energy conservation. PMID:21563714

  14. On the Testing of Renovations Inside Historical Opera Houses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fausti, P.; Prodi, N.

    2002-11-01

    Due to the large number of historical opera houses in Italy, many theatres have been renovated in the past, but still more will undergo major restoration in the near future. Unfortunately in this context, the quality and protection of acoustics is rarely considered as an issue of its own. As a consequence, the renovations are hardly ever accompanied by proper scientific and technical support. In this paper, the acoustical impact of works inside the Teatro Municipale "R.Valli" in Reggio Emilia, including the restoration of the main hall and the construction of a new acoustic shell, will be dealt with. Surveys were held in the theatre before renovation and were repeated with identical procedure and instruments after its completion. By means of a comparative analysis of the architectural project and of acoustical data, the impact of major changes in the theatre can be predicted. It is shown that this approach can help in drafting an operational scheme for safeguarding the acoustics of historical opera houses.

  15. Subjective and objective assessments in classrooms following acoustical renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Astolfi, Arianna

    2005-04-01

    The effectiveness of an expensive acoustical intervention in an old Italian high school building has been assessed in this work. The school building has fifty classrooms, the majority of which were acoustically renovated. A subjective survey and measurements were performed in both the renovated and non renovated classrooms. With the competence of some psychologists from Turin University, a questionnaire was set up for the subjective analysis. The questionnaire, validated after numerous pilot tests, was submitted to all the students and the teachers in two periods of the year. The questions on acoustical features included questions on annoyance from room noise, reverberation, speech comprehension, overall acoustical satisfaction and the consequences of bad acoustical conditions. Apart from the acoustics, other aspects of environmental quality, such as the thermal and visual environmental features and IAQ were investigated. The statistical analysis of the subjective answers allowed aggregated information to be obtained on the users and different data to be correlated. The aim of the statistical correlation was to determine any significant relationships between the objective and subjective data, and between the overall satisfaction scores and the different environmental factors. The effects of bad environmental conditions and their influence on learning capacity were also examined.

  16. Energy-efficient Renovation of a Real Estate in AUSTRIA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Korjenic, Azra; Vašková, Anna

    2015-11-01

    An action have cities worldwide, due to urbanization. More than 70 percent of people in Europe live in cities, where 70 percent of the energy consumed. Without adequate measures, a rapidly growing city is at risk in by overloading the infrastructure, threats to water, energy, pollution, logistical bottlenecks and lack of housing. This paper describes an energy-efficient renovation or expansion planning a real estate in Vorarlberg, Austria. The settlement was analysed in more detail here, it involves the city Dornbirn- part Shor. The study investigated how to extend this settlement energy efficient and what feed for factors in the assessment.

  17. 75 FR 24848 - Lead; Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program for Public and Commercial Buildings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ...EPA is giving advance notice of the Agency's intention to regulate the renovation, repair, and painting of public and commercial buildings under section 402(c)(3) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). This notice announces the commencement of proceedings to propose lead-safe work practices and other requirements for renovations on the exteriors of public and commercial buildings and to......

  18. The Effects of an Education Program on Home Renovation for Fall Prevention of Korean Older People

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jang, Miseon; Lee, Yeunsook

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to verify the effects of an education program on home renovation for fall prevention among older people, more specifically fall efficacy and home renovation intentions. A quasiexperimental study with nonequivalent control and comparative groups was conducted to demonstrate the effects of the education. A total of 51 older people…

  19. 45 CFR 98.84 - Construction and renovation of child care facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian Tribes § 98.84 Construction and renovation of child care... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Construction and renovation of child care... child care facilities (including paying the cost of amortizing the principal and paying interest...

  20. 45 CFR 98.84 - Construction and renovation of child care facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian Tribes § 98.84 Construction and renovation of child care... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Construction and renovation of child care... child care facilities (including paying the cost of amortizing the principal and paying interest...

  1. 45 CFR 98.84 - Construction and renovation of child care facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian Tribes § 98.84 Construction and renovation of child care... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction and renovation of child care... child care facilities (including paying the cost of amortizing the principal and paying interest...

  2. 45 CFR 98.84 - Construction and renovation of child care facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian Tribes § 98.84 Construction and renovation of child care... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction and renovation of child care... child care facilities (including paying the cost of amortizing the principal and paying interest...

  3. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN... renovator. (3) Individuals who have successfully completed an accredited lead-based paint inspector or risk... acceptable test kit to determine whether components to be affected by the renovation contain lead-based...

  4. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN... renovator. (3) Individuals who have successfully completed an accredited lead-based paint inspector or risk... whether components to be affected by the renovation contain lead-based paint. (7) Must have with them...

  5. 45 CFR 1309.10 - Applications for the purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... available for a playground and for parking). If incidental alterations and renovations or major renovations...)(C)) and its implementing regulations (40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508), as well as a report showing the results of tests for environmental hazards present in the facility, ground water, and soil...

  6. Maintaining Acceptable Indoor Air Quality during the Renovation of a School. Technical Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Bruce W.

    Information that school facility personnel can use concerning the potential impacts of renovation projects on indoor air quality (IAQ), along with details of some effective control strategies, are presented. Various kinds of contaminants may be generated by renovations, including volatile and semivolatile organic compounds, dusts and fibers (e.g.,…

  7. Changing Education through Learning Spaces: Impacts of the Portuguese School Buildings' Renovation Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veloso, Luísa; Marques, Joana S.; Duarte, Alexandra

    2014-01-01

    In this article we present findings from the evaluation study of a nation-wide school renovation programme in Portugal. The aim is to analyse policy implementation, taking into account school community participation, discussing how the programme requirement to involve users in the renovation was met, examining perceptions of the programme's…

  8. 78 FR 25062 - Program for Construction, Renovation, Repair or Expansion of Public Schools Located on Military...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Program for Construction, Renovation, Repair or Expansion of Public Schools Located... program to construct, renovate, repair, or expand elementary and ] secondary public schools on military..., as described in the Federal Register notice dated September 9, 2011 (76 FR 55883-55886) and...

  9. 76 FR 55883 - Department of Defense Program for Construction, Renovation, Repair or Expansion of Public Schools...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-09

    ... of the Secretary Department of Defense Program for Construction, Renovation, Repair or Expansion of... by OEA, to distribute $250 million made available by Congress to construct, renovate, repair, or..., repair, or expand elementary and secondary public schools on military installations in order to...

  10. Web 2.0 Tools Ease Renovation Service Disruptions at The Ohio State University Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Elizabeth L.; Kilzer, Rebekah

    2008-01-01

    The Thompson Library, the main library of The Ohio State University (OSU), began a major renovation in fall 2006 that required the library to close for three years. During this time, the bulk of the circulating collection and many of the personnel relocated to an interim facility. The distance imposed by the renovation created special challenges…

  11. 45 CFR 1309.10 - Applications for the purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... major renovation of facilities. 1309.10 Section 1309.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public... ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START FACILITIES PURCHASE, MAJOR... major renovation of facilities. A grantee which proposes to use grant funds to purchase a facility, or...

  12. Paging Materials to Maintain Quality Library Service during a Two-Year Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Melanie J.; Keesee, Susan H.; Mabe, Denise; Chavez, Pedro; Lanning, Kevin E.; Allegri, Francesca

    2006-01-01

    Beginning in July 2002, the Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill underwent an 11 million dollar renovation. During three phases of the renovation, parts of the collection were inaccessible to patrons. In order to continue to make the library's collection available, library staff created a paging system.…

  13. Characteristics of Viewers of a Tennessee Agricultural Extension Educational Television Series on Renovating Furniture. A research Summary of a Graduate Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Lois Claudine; And Others

    A study was conducted to investigate certain characteristics of respondents who renovated furniture during a Washington County educational television 19-program series on chair renovation, who had previously renovated furniture, and who planned to renovate a chair following the series, and to compare them with those respondents who had not. Data…

  14. Passive solar renovation of an existing commercial greenhouse

    SciTech Connect

    McGinnis, J.W.; Whitehead, N.

    1980-01-01

    The renovation of an existing 1800 square foot commercial greenhouse to incorporate passive solar reliant and energy conserving features is detailed. The Aquatic-Agriculture Institute for Research, a non-profit group, sponsored the project to develop efficient production methods to raise vegetables and fish at the community level. The performance of the remodeled greenhouse will be compared to the performance of the same greenhouse as it was originally designed. The restored greenhouse began operation in September 1979. Accurate fuel and temperature records maintained through-out the past winter, show the cost of back-up heating under operating conditions to be approximately $150.00. Old fuel receipts dating back into the 1940's show an average use of 2000 gallons of heating fuel each winter prior to remodeling. This would indicate a yearly fuel savings of better than 90% through the use of passive solar techniques.

  15. Plasmodium species: master renovators of their host cells.

    PubMed

    de Koning-Ward, Tania F; Dixon, Matthew W A; Tilley, Leann; Gilson, Paul R

    2016-08-01

    Plasmodium parasites, the causative agents of malaria, have developed elaborate strategies that they use to survive and thrive within different intracellular environments. During the blood stage of infection, the parasite is a master renovator of its erythrocyte host cell, and the changes in cell morphology and function that are induced by the parasite promote survival and contribute to the pathogenesis of severe malaria. In this Review, we discuss how Plasmodium parasites use the protein trafficking motif Plasmodium export element (PEXEL), protease-mediated polypeptide processing, a novel translocon termed the Plasmodium translocon of exported proteins (PTEX) and exomembranous structures to export hundreds of proteins to discrete subcellular locations in the host erythrocytes, which enables the parasite to gain access to vital nutrients and to evade the immune defence mechanisms of the host.

  16. 77 FR 49789 - Record of Decision for Issuing a Presidential Permit to Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-17

    ... of Decision for Issuing a Presidential Permit to Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission, LLC, for the Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission Line Project AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and... announces its decision to issue a Presidential permit to Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission, LLC...

  17. How To Get What You Want When Working on a Renovation Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roark, Steven

    2002-01-01

    Describes how leaders and instructors in the Art Department of Longview Community College in Kansas City, Missouri, found a solution to incorporating a desired renovation feature (a sink in the ceramics and clay studio) within budget constraints. (EV)

  18. Review of fungal outbreaks and infection prevention in healthcare settings during construction and renovation.

    PubMed

    Kanamori, Hajime; Rutala, William A; Sickbert-Bennett, Emily E; Weber, David J

    2015-08-01

    Hospital construction and renovation activities are an ever-constant phenomenon in healthcare facilities, causing dust contamination and possible dispersal of fungal spores. We reviewed fungal outbreaks that occurred during construction and renovation over the last 4 decades as well as current infection prevention strategies and control measures. Fungal outbreaks still occur in healthcare settings, especially among patients with hematological malignancies and those who are immunocompromised. The causative pathogens of these outbreaks were usually Aspergillus species, but Zygomycetes and other fungi were occasionally reported. Aspergillus most commonly caused pulmonary infection. The overall mortality of construction/renovation-associated fungal infection was approximately 50%. The minimal concentration of fungal spores by air sampling for acquisition of fungal infections remains to be determined. Performing infection control risk assessments and implementing the recommended control measures is essential to prevent healthcare-associated fungal outbreaks during construction and renovation.

  19. 60 FR 39766 - Supplement to Renovate the Alcohol Detention Center, Page, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1995-08-03

    ... and alcohol treatment activities. The facility is currently being used to serve individuals targeted... treatment and counseling interventions. Alcohol related deaths, accidents, injuries, illness, violence, and... HUMAN SERVICES Supplement to Renovate the Alcohol Detention Center, Page, Arizona AGENCY: Center...

  20. The contribution of housing renovation to children’s blood lead levels: a cohort study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Routine renovation of older housing is a risk factor for childhood lead poisoning, but the contribution to children’s blood lead levels is poorly defined for children with lower exposure levels. Methods We examined a prospective cohort of 276 children followed from 6 to 24 months of age. We conducted surveys of renovation activities and residential lead hazards and obtained blood lead level (B-Pb) every six months. We analyzed B-Pb in a repeated measures design using a mixed effects linear model. Results Parent reported interior renovation ranged from 11 to 25% of housing units at the four, 6-month periods. In multivariable analysis, children whose housing underwent interior renovation had a 12% higher mean B-Pb by two years of age compared with children whose housing units were not renovated (p < 0.01). The time between renovation and the child blood lead sample was associated with higher B-Pb (p-value for trend <0.01); compared to children in non-renovated housing, children whose housing units underwent renovation in the prior month had a 17% higher mean B-Pb at two years of age, whereas children whose housing renovation occurred in the prior 2–6 months had an 8% higher mean B-Pb. We also found an association between higher paint lead loading, measured using an X-ray fluorescence (XRF) based paint lead index, and child B-Pb (p = 0.02); for every 10 mg/cm2 increase in paint lead loading index there was a 7.5% higher mean childhood B-Pb. Conclusions In an analysis of data collected before the recent changes to Environmental Protection Agency’s Lead, Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule, routine interior housing renovation was associated with a modest increase in children’s B-Pb. These results are important for the provision of clinical advice, for housing and public health professionals, and for policymakers. PMID:23981571

  1. Leveraging Limited Scope for Maximum Benefit in Occupied Renovation of Uninsulated Cold Climate Multifamily Housing

    SciTech Connect

    Neuhauser, K.; Bergey, D.; Osser, R.

    2012-03-01

    This project examines a large-scale renovation project within a 500 unit, 1960's era subsidized urban housing community. This research focuses on the airflow control and window replacement measures implemented as part of the renovations to the low-rise apartment buildings. The window replacement reduced the nominal conductive loss of the apartment enclosure by approximately 15%; air sealing measures reduced measured air leakage by approximately 40% on average.

  2. Passive solar renovations to the Common Ground Community Restaurant. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    The passive solar and energy conserving renovations to the Common Ground Community Restaurant were funded primarily as a demonstration project under this program. The majority of work accomplished was (1) design and construction of a passive solar greenhouse on the existing second floor porch of the restaurant, and (2) the design and construction of energy conserving improvements to the interior of the building, consisting largely of renovating the walls and ceiling to provide an insulated space with a substantially reduced heat load.

  3. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Case Study

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, R.; Hayter, S.; Hotchkiss, E.; Pless, S.; Sielcken, J.; Smith-Larney, C.

    2014-10-01

    The federal government is mandated with improving efficiency of buildings, incorporating renewable energy, and achieving net-zero energy operations where possible. These challenges led GSA to consider aligning historic preservation renovations with net-zero energy goals. The Wayne N. Aspinall Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse (Aspinall Courthouse), in Grand Junction, Colorado, is an example of a renovation project that aimed to accomplish both historic preservation and net-zero energy goals.

  4. Impact of Park Renovations on Park Use and Park-based Physical Activity

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Deborah A; Han, Bing; Isacoff, Jennifer; Shulaker, Bianca; Williamson, Stephanie; Marsh, Terry; McKenzie, Thomas L.; Weir, Megan; Bhatia, Rajiv

    2015-01-01

    Background Given the concerns about low rates of physical activity among low-income minority youth, many community based organizations are investing in the creation or renovation of public parks, in order to encourage youth to become more physically active. To what degree park renovations accomplish this goal is not known. Methods We used the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC), to measure park users and their physical activity levels before and after two parks were renovated. We compared findings to 4 parks-- 2 that were unrenovated parks and 2 that were undergoing renovation. We also surveyed parks users and local residents about their use of the parks. Results Compared to parks that had not yet been renovated, the improved parks saw more than a doubling in the number of visitors and a substantial increase in energy expended in the parks. Increased park use was pronounced in adults and children, but was not seen in teens and seniors. Park renovations were associated with a significantly increased perception of park safety. Conclusions Park improvements can have a significant impact on increasing park use and local physical activity. PMID:24956608

  5. Renovation of a pear orchard site with sludge compost

    SciTech Connect

    Korcak, R.F.

    1986-01-01

    A lime-stabilized sewage sludge compost was used as a surface amendment to improve the soil and nutritional status of a number of established pear cultivars grown on an acidic, low fertility soil site. Leaf Ca status was significantly increased while trace metals were not elevated and in most cases decreased by sludge compost over the course of the study. Soil chemical properties were modified in a manner similar to liming. Addition of sludge composts, particularly low metal containing materials, appears to represent an acceptable aid in renovating established pear orchards located on poor soil sites. Leaf, fruit flesh or peel Cd were not significantly effected by the compost addition. The compost added twice the recommended level of available N the first year and sub-optimum N the following two years. Leaf N, although significantly increased in the composted versus non-composted controls, was below sufficiency levels by the third year after addition. This indicates that compost cannot fully supply required N from a one time application even over the short term.

  6. A framework for sustainability science: a renovated IPAT identity.

    PubMed

    Waggoner, P E; Ausubel, J H

    2002-06-11

    Learning actors' leverage for change along the journey to sustainability requires quantifying the component forces of environmental impact and integrating them. Population, income, consumers' behavior, and producers' efficiency jointly force impact. Here, we renovate the "IPAT Identity" to identify actors with the forces. Forcing impact I are P for population, A for income as gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, C for intensity of use as a good per GDP, and T for efficiency ratios as impact per good. In the "ImPACT Identity," parents modify P, workers modify A, consumers modify C, and producers modify T. Because annual percentage changes in component forces add to a change in national impact, actors' leverage is reflected transparently in consistent units of annual percentage changes that can be compared from force to force. Examples from energy and food, farming and manufacturing, and steel and water show that declining C, called dematerialization, can temper the sustainability challenge of growth (P x A), and that innovation or efficient technology that lowers T can counter rising consumption (P x A x C). Income elasticity can accommodate connections between income and other forces. From rates of change of forces, the identity can forecast impacts. Alternatively, by identifying the necessary change in forces to cause a projected impact, ImPACT can assay the likelihood and practicability of environmental targets and timetables. An annual 2-3% progress in consumption and technology over many decades and sectors provides a benchmark for sustainability.

  7. Lowell Observatory's 24-inch Clark Refractor: Its History and Renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schindler, Kevin; Nye, Ralph; Rosenthal, Peter

    2016-01-01

    In 1895, Percival Lowell hired eminent telescope maker Alvan G. Clark to build a 24-inch refractor. Lowell intended the telescope intitally for observing Mars in support of his controversial theories about life on that planet. Clark finished the telescope within a year and at a cost of $20,000. Lowell and his staff of assistants and astronomers began observing through it on July 23, 1896, setting off a long and productive career for the telescope.While Lowell's Mars studies dominated early work with the Clark, V.M. Slipher by the 1910s was using it to observe planetary rotations and atmospheric compositions. He soon revolutionized spectroscopic studies, gathering excruciatingly long spectra - some in excess of 40 hours - of the so-called white nebula and determining startling radial velocities, evidence of an expanding universe. In the 1960s, scientists and artists teamed up on the Clark and created detailed lunar maps in support of the Apollo program.In recent decades, the Clark has played a central role in the education programs at Lowell, with general public audiences, students, and private groups all taking advantage of this unique resource.With this nearly 120 years of contant use, the Clark had been wearing down in recent years. The telescope was becoming more difficult to move, old electrical wiring in the dome was a fire hazard, and many of the telescope's parts needed to be repaired or replaced.In 2013, Lowell Observatory began a fundraising campaign, collecting $291,000 to cover the cost of dome and telescope renovation. Workers removed the entire telescope mount and tube assembly from the dome, examining every part from tube sections to individuals screws. They also stabilized the dome, adding a water vapor barrier and new outer wall while reinforcing the upper dome. The project lasted from January, 2014 through August, 2015. The facility reopened for daytime tours in September, 2015 and evening viewing the following month.

  8. Carbon balance of renovated grasslands: input- or output-driven?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choncubhair, Órlaith Ní; Osborne, Bruce; Lanigan, Gary

    2015-04-01

    Temperate grasslands constitute over 30% of the Earth's naturally-occurring biomes and make an important contribution towards the partial mitigation of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by terrestrial ecosystems. In permanent temperate grasslands, biomass production and sward quality can deteriorate over time and periodic renovation activities, involving soil tillage and reseeding, are commonly carried out to halt this decline. Long-term cultivation of agricultural land has been associated with soil aggregate degradation and reduced soil carbon storage. However, the impact of these single tillage disturbances on C cycling in grasslands is less clear. This study evaluated gaseous and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) losses following a single tillage event by subjecting grassland lysimeters with contrasting soil drainage characteristics to simulated conventional inversion or minimum tillage. Field-scale CO2 emissions after conventional tillage were also quantified and empirically modelled over short- and medium-term timeframes to delineate the ecosystem response to environmental variables. Soil moisture was the limiting determinant of ecosystem carbon release following conventional tillage. Freshly-tilled soils were associated with reduced water retention and increased sensitivity to soil moisture, which was particularly pronounced following rewetting events. Significantly elevated but ephemeral CO2 effluxes were detected in the hours following inversion ploughing, however tillage disturbance did not generate significantly enhanced C emission rates in the medium term. Equally, DOC losses were not significantly amplified by conventional tillage compared with conservative minimum tillage and were predominantly controlled by soil drainage across tillage regimes. Our results suggest that a net ecosystem source of 120 to 210 g C m-2 over an approximately two-month period was most likely a consequence of reduced productivity and C input rather than enhanced soil CO2

  9. Wastewater renovation using constructed soil filter (CSF): a novel approach.

    PubMed

    Nemade, P D; Kadam, A M; Shankar, H S

    2009-10-30

    Constructed soil filter (CSF) also known as Soil Biotechnology (SBT) is a process for water renovation which makes use of formulated media with culture of soil macro- and microorganisms. CSF combines sedimentation, infiltration and biodegradation processes to remove oxidizable organics and inorganics of wastewater in a single facility. Operating experience shows hydraulic loading in the range of 0.05-0.25 m(3)/m(2) h and organic loading up to 200-680 g/m(2) d. The results show increase in dissolved oxygen levels, COD removal (from 352 mg/l to 20 mg/l); BOD removal (from 211 mg/l to 7.0 mg/l); suspended solids removal (from 293 mg/l to 16 mg/l); turbidity reduction (from 145 NTU to 5.3 NTU); iron (from 5 mg/l to 0.3 mg/l); arsenic (from 500 microg/l to 10 microg/l); total coliform and fecal coliform removal (from 145 x 10(5) to 55 CFU/100 mL and 150 x 10(8) to 110 CFU/100 mL respectively), with desired pathogen levels as per WHO standards, i.e. < or =10(3) CFU/100 mL. CSF reveals advantages such as low HRT (0.5-2.0 h), low energy requirement (0.04 kWh/m(3)), no pre-treatment, high dissolved oxygen levels in the effluent, no biosludge production, no mechanical aeration and no odor, fish compatible water quality and evergreen ambience. PMID:19501460

  10. Aalto University Undergraduate Centre. Protected Alvar Aalto Building Awarded for Accessibility After Renovation.

    PubMed

    Raike, Antti; Ahlava, Antti; Tuomi, Teemu; Skyttä, Pauliina; Verma, Ira

    2016-01-01

    The main building of the former Helsinki University of Technology (TKK) designed by Alvar Aalto is part of the cultural heritage in Finland. The building underwent a major renovation in 2011-2015 and has now become an awarded Undergraduate Centre for the modern interdisciplinary education of Aalto University. This paper presents how the architectural masterpiece from the 1960's was renovated and updated into a modern and accessible university building. Particular attention was paid for entering the building by wheelchairs, prams and pushchairs. The successful renovation was awarded in 2015 by the 'Esteetön Suomi -palkinto' (Accessible Finland Award), given every two years as a mark of recognition to activities or locations implementing the principles of accessibility and Universal Design for all on a broad scale and in a nationally significant way. PMID:27534312

  11. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead... 4 years, see 40 CFR 745.225(f)(1) for details) Initial Renovator or Dust Sampling Technician...

  12. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead... 4 years, see 40 CFR 745.225(f)(1) for details) Initial Renovator or Dust Sampling Technician...

  13. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead... 4 years, see 40 CFR 745.225(f)(1) for details) Initial Renovator or Dust Sampling Technician...

  14. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead... 4 years, see 40 CFR 745.225(f)(1) for details) Initial Renovator or Dust Sampling Technician...

  15. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead... 4 years, see 40 CFR 745.225(f)(1) for details) Initial Renovator or Dust Sampling Technician...

  16. 76 FR 12106 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting Activities in Target Housing and Child Occupied...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ... enforcement. The 402(c)(3) program ensures that training providers are accredited to teach renovation classes..., that firms are certified as renovation firms, and that specific work practices are followed during.... In the Federal Register dated April 22, 2008 (73 FR 21692), EPA promulgated final TSCA section...

  17. 75 FR 24802 - Lead; Amendment to the Opt-Out and Recordkeeping Provisions in the Renovation, Repair, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... be used. (In the remaining 1.8 million renovation events, test kits for determining whether a surface contains lead-based paint will indicate that lead-based paint is not present.) EPA expects test kits that... in late 2010. Once the improved test kits are available, the number of renovation, repair,...

  18. Prototype wash water renovation system integration with government-furnished wash fixture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The requirements of a significant quantity of proposed life sciences experiments in Shuttle payloads for available wash water to support cleansing operations has provided the incentive to develop a technique for wash water renovation. A prototype wash water waste renovation system which has the capability to process the waste water and return it to a state adequate for reuse in a typical cleansing fixture designed to support life science experiments was investigated. The resulting technology is to support other developments efforts pertaining to water reclamation by serving as a pretreatment step for subsequent reclamation procedures.

  19. Trusses Of Tensegrity Type In A Concept Of Train Station Renovation In Żary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lechocka, Paulina

    2015-09-01

    The first railway station in Żary was built in 1843 in Germany. After the Second World War and years of socialism in Poland the meaning of railway decreased and its technical condition deteriorated. Now the building needs renovation and change of function. Tensegrity structures may be useful in renovation of platforms shelter. They are strut and tie construction, in which there is self-stabilization between compressed and tensioned elements. Conception of new platform shelter is based on exemplary tensegrity module consist of three struts and nine cables (called "Simplex"). Tensegrity would make railway station more modern, but not cover its original elevation.

  20. Russian RSC Energia employees attach trunnions to DM

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    Employees of the Russian aerospace company RSC Energia attach trunnions to the Russian-built docking module in the Space Station Processing Facility at KSC so that it can be mounted in the payload bay of the Space Shuttle orbiter Atlantis. The module will fly as a primary payload on the second Space Shuttle/Mir space station docking mission, STS-74, which is now scheduled for liftoff in the fall of 1995. During the mission, the module will first be attached with the orbiter's robot arm to the Orbiter Docking System (ODS) in the payload bay of the orbiter Atlantis and then be docked with the Mir. When Atlantis undocks from the Mir, it will leave the new docking module permanently attached to the space station for use during future Shuttle Mir docking missions. The new module will simplify future Shuttle linkups with Mir by improving orbiter clearances when it serves as a bridge between the two space vehicles.

  1. Russian RSC Energia employees inspect DM in SSPF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    Employees of the Russian aerospace company RSC Energia prepare to conduct final inspections of the Russian-built Docking Module in the Space Station Processing Facility at KSC. The module will fly as a primary payload on the second Space Shuttle/Mir space station docking mission, STS-74, which is now scheduled for liftoff in the fall of 1995. During the mission, the module will first be attached with the orbiter's robot arm to the Orbiter Docking System (ODS) in the payload bay of the orbiter Atlantis and then be docked with the Mir. When Atlantis undocks from the Mir, it will leave the new docking module permanently attached to the space station for use during future Shuttle Mir docking missions. The new module will simplify future Shuttle linkups with Mir by improving orbiter clearances when it serves as a bridge between the two space vehicles.

  2. School Renovation and the Importance of Maintenance. [Interview with Charles Boney, Jr.].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butterfield, Eric

    Charles Boney, Jr., Director of Boney Architects, offers his views on school districts that build schools that have to be replaced too soon, general problems concerning renovation of older buildings, and keeping maintenance costs down. He discusses the types of flooring materials school districts should consider using to lower maintenance costs…

  3. Building a New Library or Renovating an Old: Some Things To Consider.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Gerard B.

    This article provides suggestions for librarians who are planning for the construction of new library buildings or the renovation or conversion of older buildings. The recommendations are based on practical experience gained by a Director of University Libraries in the planning and construction of Tompkins-McCaw and James Branch Cabell Libraries…

  4. Maryland Public School Standards for Information and Communications Distribution Systems in New Construction and Renovation Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    Standards established by Maryland public schools for information and communication distribution systems in new construction and renovation projects are detailed. The function of the communications distribution room (CDR) is to house the distribution equipment of the school's communications systems and may contain gateways, tuners, video cassette…

  5. 45 CFR 1309.11 - Cost comparison for purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., renovation costs, moving expenses, additional transportation costs, maintenance, taxes, insurance, and..., insurance premiums, maintenance costs, and property taxes. If the grantee is exempt from the payment of... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost comparison for purchase, construction...

  6. 45 CFR 1309.11 - Cost comparison for purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., renovation costs, moving expenses, additional transportation costs, maintenance, taxes, insurance, and..., insurance premiums, maintenance costs, and property taxes. If the grantee is exempt from the payment of... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost comparison for purchase, construction...

  7. 45 CFR 1309.11 - Cost comparison for purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., renovation costs, moving expenses, additional transportation costs, maintenance, taxes, insurance, and..., insurance premiums, maintenance costs, and property taxes. If the grantee is exempt from the payment of... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost comparison for purchase, construction...

  8. Renovating Alzheimer's: "Constructive" Reflections on the New Clinical and Research Diagnostic Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Daniel R.; Qualls, Sara H.; Camp, Cameron J.; Whitehouse, Peter J.

    2013-01-01

    The development of disease concepts for conditions such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an ongoing social process that evolves over time. The biomedical paradigm about AD that has informed our culture's understanding of brain aging for the past several decades is currently undergoing a major and timely renovation in the early 21st century. This…

  9. A Descriptive Analysis of the Perspectives of Neville High School's Teachers Regarding the School's Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawson, Christella G. B.; Parker, D. Randall

    It has been suggested since the early 80's that America's public schools are not meeting the needs of America's citizenry and that the schools are in need of repair. This paper describes a study conducted at Neville High School (Louisiana) in 1996-1997 and designed to examine the effects of facility renovation on faculty morale. Data collection…

  10. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN... certified renovator. (3) Individuals who have successfully completed an accredited lead-based paint... are currently certified as lead-based paint inspectors or risk assessors may act as certified...

  11. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN... certified renovator. (3) Individuals who have successfully completed an accredited lead-based paint... are currently certified as lead-based paint inspectors or risk assessors may act as certified...

  12. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN... certified renovator. (3) Individuals who have successfully completed an accredited lead-based paint... are currently certified as lead-based paint inspectors or risk assessors may act as certified...

  13. 78 FR 27906 - Lead; Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program for Public and Commercial Buildings; Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-13

    ... and Child-Occupied Facilities; Final Rule. Federal Register (61 FR 45778, August 29, 1996) (FRL-5389-9). 2. EPA. Lead; Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program; Final Rule. Federal Register (73 FR 21692...; Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. Federal Register (75 FR 24848, May 6, 2010) (FRL-8823- 6). 5....

  14. 77 FR 76996 - Lead; Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program for Public and Commercial Buildings; Request for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    .... Federal Register (61 FR 45778, August 29, 1996) (FRL-5389-9). 2. EPA. Lead; Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program; Final Rule. Federal Register (73 FR 21692, April 22, 2008) (FRL-8355-7). 3. EPA. Sierra.... Federal Register (75 FR 24848, May 6, 2010) (FRL-8823-6). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part...

  15. 75 FR 38959 - Lead; Clearance and Clearance Testing Requirements for the Renovation, Repair, and Painting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-07

    ... established in the Federal Register of May 6, 2010 (75 FR 25038) (FRL-8823-5). In that document, EPA proposed... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 745 RIN 2070-AJ57 Lead; Clearance and Clearance Testing Requirements for the... Federal Register of May 6, 2010, concerning several revisions to the 2008 Lead Renovation, Repair,...

  16. FAQs about Facilities: Practical Tips for Planning Renovations and New School Library Media Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenk, Mary Anne

    2002-01-01

    Answers frequently asked questions (FAQs) related to planning for renovating or building school library media centers (SLMCs). Topics include the role of the school library media specialist, advance planning, importance of a written long-range plan, library consultants, courses on planning, design compromises, planning resources, professional…

  17. Construction Know-How: Making the Best Possible Decisions Regarding School Construction and Renovation Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Argon, Joe, Ed.; Spoor, Dana L.; Cox, Susan M.; Brown, Andrew; Ray, Jennifer

    1998-01-01

    Presents a series of articles that examine decision making in school construction and renovation projects. Topics include preparing for a construction project, purchasing windows that provide protection at a reasonable cost, choosing the best flooring and carpeting, and dealing with deregulation. An industry roundtable discussion on project…

  18. How We Renovated Our Library, Physically and Electronically, for Handicapped Patrons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirkpatrick, Cheryl H.; Morgan, Catherine Buck

    2001-01-01

    Describes methods used by the South Carolina State Library to make its library, both the workstations and the Web site, more accessible to visually and physically handicapped patrons. Discusses choosing new hardware and software, renovating the workstations, and becoming more aware of user needs; and lists resources for Web accessibility…

  19. 45 CFR 98.84 - Construction and renovation of child care facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian Tribes § 98.84 Construction and renovation of child care... at 45 CFR 92.31; (2) Transfer and disposition of property requirements at 45 CFR 92.31(c); (3) Title requirements at 45 CFR 92.31(a); (4) Cost principles and allowable cost requirements at 45 CFR 92.22;...

  20. The Effect of School Building Renovation/Construction on School Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesisko, Lee J.; Wright, Robert J.; O'Hern, Brenda

    2010-01-01

    School construction or renovation projects can have a profound affect on students, faculty and administration. The literature revealed that continuous communication is essential for a smooth process. This research identified bureaucratic issues and school climate to be leading factors of concern during construction projects. Analysis of this study…

  1. 45 CFR 1309.10 - Applications for the purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... or major renovations, including any restrictions or conditions imposed by other funding sources. (h...)(C)) and its implementing regulations (40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508), as well as a report showing the results of tests for environmental hazards present in the facility, ground water, and soil...

  2. 45 CFR 1309.10 - Applications for the purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... or major renovations, including any restrictions or conditions imposed by other funding sources. (h...)(C)) and its implementing regulations (40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508), as well as a report showing the results of tests for environmental hazards present in the facility, ground water, and soil...

  3. Assessment of Flooring Renovations on African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Behavior and Glucocorticoid Response.

    PubMed

    Boyle, Sarah A; Roberts, Beth; Pope, Brittany M; Blake, Margaret R; Leavelle, Stephen E; Marshall, Jennifer J; Smith, Andrew; Hadicke, Amanda; Falcone, Josephine F; Knott, Katrina; Kouba, Andrew J

    2015-01-01

    Captive African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants can experience foot pathologies and arthritis. As a preventative measure against these pathologies and to alleviate the potential discomfort due to concrete substrates, some zoological institutions have renovated elephant housing to increase the amount of natural or shock-absorbent substrates. The objective of this study was to compare behavioral (diurnal and nocturnal) and glucorticoid (e.g., serum cortisol) responses of three female African elephants before, during, and after renovation to their indoor housing floor to assess whether renovations had short-term effects on the elephants' behavior and stress physiology. Behavioral data were collected using scan-sampling methods, and activity budgets were constructed for each of the three elephants. In addition, the duration of all lying rest activities were recorded. Weekly serum cortisol concentrations were determined with enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Overall, eating was the most prevalent behavior exhibited outdoors during the day, while resting (either in a lying or standing position) were most common during the indoor, nocturnal periods. Although variation existed among the three elephants, all three females spent significantly more time walking and less time eating during the day after the completion of the renovations. The extent to which the three elephants exhibited nocturnal lying rest behavior varied among the elephants, with the oldest elephant exhibiting the least amount (an average of 13.2 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans) compared to the two younger elephants (an average of 34.5 ± 2.1% and 56.6 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans). There was a significant increase in lying rest behavior for one elephant and standing rest for a second elephant following renovations. Baseline cortisol concentrations prior to renovations were 3.0 ± 0.4 ng/ml, 4.5 ± 0.5 ng/ml, and 4.9 ± 0.5 ng/ml for the three elephants. Cortisol

  4. Assessment of Flooring Renovations on African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Behavior and Glucocorticoid Response

    PubMed Central

    Boyle, Sarah A.; Roberts, Beth; Pope, Brittany M.; Blake, Margaret R.; Leavelle, Stephen E.; Marshall, Jennifer J.; Smith, Andrew; Hadicke, Amanda; Falcone, Josephine F.; Knott, Katrina; Kouba, Andrew J.

    2015-01-01

    Captive African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants can experience foot pathologies and arthritis. As a preventative measure against these pathologies and to alleviate the potential discomfort due to concrete substrates, some zoological institutions have renovated elephant housing to increase the amount of natural or shock-absorbent substrates. The objective of this study was to compare behavioral (diurnal and nocturnal) and glucorticoid (e.g., serum cortisol) responses of three female African elephants before, during, and after renovation to their indoor housing floor to assess whether renovations had short-term effects on the elephants’ behavior and stress physiology. Behavioral data were collected using scan-sampling methods, and activity budgets were constructed for each of the three elephants. In addition, the duration of all lying rest activities were recorded. Weekly serum cortisol concentrations were determined with enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Overall, eating was the most prevalent behavior exhibited outdoors during the day, while resting (either in a lying or standing position) were most common during the indoor, nocturnal periods. Although variation existed among the three elephants, all three females spent significantly more time walking and less time eating during the day after the completion of the renovations. The extent to which the three elephants exhibited nocturnal lying rest behavior varied among the elephants, with the oldest elephant exhibiting the least amount (an average of 13.2 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans) compared to the two younger elephants (an average of 34.5 ± 2.1% and 56.6 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans). There was a significant increase in lying rest behavior for one elephant and standing rest for a second elephant following renovations. Baseline cortisol concentrations prior to renovations were 3.0 ± 0.4 ng/ml, 4.5 ± 0.5 ng/ml, and 4.9 ± 0.5 ng/ml for the three elephants. Cortisol

  5. Assessment of Flooring Renovations on African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Behavior and Glucocorticoid Response.

    PubMed

    Boyle, Sarah A; Roberts, Beth; Pope, Brittany M; Blake, Margaret R; Leavelle, Stephen E; Marshall, Jennifer J; Smith, Andrew; Hadicke, Amanda; Falcone, Josephine F; Knott, Katrina; Kouba, Andrew J

    2015-01-01

    Captive African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants can experience foot pathologies and arthritis. As a preventative measure against these pathologies and to alleviate the potential discomfort due to concrete substrates, some zoological institutions have renovated elephant housing to increase the amount of natural or shock-absorbent substrates. The objective of this study was to compare behavioral (diurnal and nocturnal) and glucorticoid (e.g., serum cortisol) responses of three female African elephants before, during, and after renovation to their indoor housing floor to assess whether renovations had short-term effects on the elephants' behavior and stress physiology. Behavioral data were collected using scan-sampling methods, and activity budgets were constructed for each of the three elephants. In addition, the duration of all lying rest activities were recorded. Weekly serum cortisol concentrations were determined with enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Overall, eating was the most prevalent behavior exhibited outdoors during the day, while resting (either in a lying or standing position) were most common during the indoor, nocturnal periods. Although variation existed among the three elephants, all three females spent significantly more time walking and less time eating during the day after the completion of the renovations. The extent to which the three elephants exhibited nocturnal lying rest behavior varied among the elephants, with the oldest elephant exhibiting the least amount (an average of 13.2 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans) compared to the two younger elephants (an average of 34.5 ± 2.1% and 56.6 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans). There was a significant increase in lying rest behavior for one elephant and standing rest for a second elephant following renovations. Baseline cortisol concentrations prior to renovations were 3.0 ± 0.4 ng/ml, 4.5 ± 0.5 ng/ml, and 4.9 ± 0.5 ng/ml for the three elephants. Cortisol

  6. Technological renovation of thermal power plants as a long-term check factor of electricity price growth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Veselov, F. V.; Novikova, T. V.; Khorshev, A. A.

    2015-12-01

    The paper focuses on economic aspects of the Russian thermal generation sector's renovation in a competitive market environment. Capabilities of the existing competitive electricity and capacity pricing mechanisms, created during the wholesale market reform, to ensure the wide-scale modernization of thermal power plants (TPPs) are estimated. Some additional stimulating measures to focus the investment process on the renovation of the thermal generation sector are formulated, and supplementing and supporting costs are assessed. Finally, the systemic effect of decelerating wholesale electricity prices caused by efficiency improvements at thermal power plants is analyzed depending on the scales of renovation and fuel prices.

  7. 77 FR 23476 - Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market... in the above-referenced proceeding of Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC's application for...

  8. A library for the twenty-first century: the Galter Health Sciences Library's renovation and expansion project.

    PubMed

    Shedlock, J; Ross, F

    1997-04-01

    A renovation and expansion project at the Galter Health Sciences Library of Northwestern University strikes a balance between traditional and future libraries, library ambiance and high technology, old and new. When guided by a vision of future building use, renovation projects can succeed in meeting many institutional goals as a viable alternative to new library buildings. Issues addressed include planning considerations, architectural history, library design, building features, information technology considerations, and ideal library space design when new construction is not possible.

  9. Genotoxicity test of self-renovated ceramics in primary human peripheral lymphocytes.

    PubMed

    Hua, Nan; Zhu, Huifang; Zhuang, Jing; Chen, Liping

    2014-12-01

    Zirconia-based ceramics is widely used in dentistry. Different compositions of ceramics have different features. Our self-renovated ceramics become more machinable without scarifying its dental restoration properties after adjusting ratio of lanthanum phosphate (LaPO4)/yttrium oxide (Y2O3). In order to evaluate its safety, here, we tested its genotoxicity in primary human peripheral lymphocytes. The human lymphocytes cultured on three groups of different ratios of LaPO4/Y2O3 diphase ceramics for 6 days showed little effect of growth inhibition and similar effect of growth trend to the negative control. Furthermore, single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) indicated that there was no significant difference of the value of tail moment between the tested ceramics and negative control, the IPS Empress II (P > 0.05). Our findings implicate that our self-renovated ceramics do not induce DNA damages in human peripheral lymphocytes and support their future clinic application.

  10. Prototype wash water renovation system integration with goverment-furnished wash fixture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    A total renovation concept for removing objectionable materials from spacecraft wash water to make the water reusable was developed. This concept included ferric chloride pretreatment to coagulate suspended solids such as soap and lint, pressure filtration, and carbon adsorption and ion exchange to remove trace dissolved organics and inorganic salts. A breadboard model which was developed to demonstrate the design adequacy of the various system components and the limits on system capacities and efficiencies.

  11. Renovating? Take a look at the new short-term paths to financing.

    PubMed

    Kluger, M

    1984-02-01

    A hospital's renovation project can be financed through a diversity of financing techniques. Although the traditional vehicle for hospital capital financing is long-term, fixed-rate debt, there are a growing number of short-term financing alternatives that can provide greater flexibility and generate debt service savings. The author describes some of the new short-term financing techniques, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of short- versus long-term financing.

  12. [Analysis of the design and renovation of mid-sized hospital's local area network].

    PubMed

    Cao, Yang; Li, Min; Guo, Yifeng

    2011-11-01

    To address several hospital network issues, this paper discusses the overall plan, design and renovation of hospital's Local Area Network, making full use of existing network facilities. The techniques, such as Physical Separation of Internal and External Network, HSRP, OSPF, All-Routers Networking Model, etc., create features of extensibility, manageability, high safety, stability and so on to the overall network, and provide a reliable network platform to the function of the information systems.

  13. Determination of VOCs in the Indoor Air of a New and a Renovated Apartment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meciarova, Ludmila; Vilcekova, Silvia

    2016-06-01

    This study deals with the occurrence of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the indoor environment of a new and a renovated apartment. Qualitative determination of VOCs was carried out with a gas chromatograph with surface acoustic wave detector (GC/SAW). Concentrations of total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) were determined by a photoionization detector with UV lamp. Simultaneously, temperature and relative humidity were monitored with a data logger. The aim of this study was to determine of TVOC concentrations, to use of GC/SAW for determination of individual VOCs in indoor air as well as to predict possible sources of VOCs in these apartments. Measurements were performed after each construction work for better resolution of the contributions of individual materials to the levels of VOC. Mean concentrations of TVOC were 624 μg/m3 in the renovated apartment and 1,686 μg/m3 in the new apartment after completion of all works. The results from the renovated apartment showed that the use of new materials can lead to lower levels of organic compounds in indoor air compared to old materials that were less environmentally friendly. Many types of VOCs were found in both apartments. After reviewing the possible sources, it seems that the main sources of these substances were applied coatings and flooring materials.

  14. Low cost heavy lift launch vehicle for lunar exploration based on the Energia launcher

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lassmann, J.

    1992-08-01

    Different mission strategies for large-scale lunar explorations using a low-cost heavy-lift launch vehicle based on the Energia launcher are examined. Using a parametrical cost model developed at the Berlin University of Technology, total life costs were determined for landing on the moon a cargo of 15 tons for $25,000/kg, showing it to be about half the cost of a comparable Saturn V/Apollo mission. It is noted that this opportunity for international cooperation is limited: the two complete Energia launchers which are presently stored will have to be launched within the next 3 to 5 years.

  15. Composition of heavy metals and airborne fibers in the indoor environment of a building during renovation.

    PubMed

    Latif, Mohd Talib; Baharudin, Nor Hafizah; Velayutham, Puvaneswary; Awang, Normah; Hamdan, Harimah; Mohamad, Ruqyyah; Mokhtar, Mazlin B

    2011-10-01

    The renovation of a building will certainly affect the quality of air in the vicinity of where associated activities were undertaken, this includes the quality of air inside the building. Indoor air pollutants such as particulate matter, heavy metals, and fine fibers are likely to be emitted during renovation work. This study was conducted to determine the concentration of heavy metals, asbestos and suspended particulates in the Biology Building, at the Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia (UKM). Renovation activities were carried out widely in the laboratories which were located in this building. A low-volume sampler was used to collect suspended particulate matter of a diameter size less than 10 μm (PM₁₀) and an air sampling pump, fitted with a cellulose ester membrane filter, were used for asbestos sampling. Dust was collected using a small brush and scope. The concentration of heavy metals was determined through the use of inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy and the fibers were counted through a phase contrast microscope. The concentrations of PM₁₀ recorded in the building during renovation action (ranging from 166 to 542 μg m⁻³) were higher than the value set by the Department of Safety and Health for respirable dust (150 μg m⁻³). Additionally, they were higher than the value of PM₁₀ recorded in indoor environments from other studies. The composition of heavy metals in PM₁₀ and indoor dust were found to be dominated by Zn and results also showed that the concentration of heavy metals in indoor dust and PM₁₀ in this study was higher than levels recorded in other similar studies. The asbestos concentration was 0.0038 ± 0.0011 fibers/cc. This was lower than the value set by the Malaysian Department of Occupational, Safety and Health (DOSH) regulations of 0.1 fibers/cc, but higher than the background value usually recorded in indoor environments. This study strongly suggests that renovation issues need to be considered seriously

  16. La energia geotermica en la actualidad: Geothermal Today (Spanish version - 2003)

    SciTech Connect

    2003-09-01

    Por encargo del Secretario Abraham, la Oficina de Eficiencia Energética y Energía Renovable suministra el liderazgo a nivel nacional para impulsar las tecnologías de eficiencia energética y energía renovables, para saltar por encima de las limitaciones del status quo, y para alcanzar beneficios ambientales notables. El Programa de Tecnologías Geotérmicas, parte crítica de nuestro esfuerzo conjunto, está avanzando a grandes zancadas para aumentar la viabilidad y el despliegue de electricidad ...

  17. Evaluation of Water Quality Renovation by Advanced Soil-Based Wastewater Treatment Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooper, J.; Loomis, G.; Kalen, D.; Boving, T.; Morales, I.; DeLuca, J.; Amador, J.

    2013-12-01

    25% of US households utilize onsite wastewater treatment systems (OWTS) for wastewater management. Advanced technologies were designed to overcome the inadequate wastewater treatment by conventional OWTS in critical shallow water table areas, such as coastal zones, in order to protect ground water quality. In addition to the septic tank and soil drainfield that comprise a conventional OWTS, advanced systems claim improved water renovation with the addition of sand filtration, timed dosing controls, and shallow placement of the infiltrative zone. We determined water quality renovation functions under current water table and temperature conditions, in anticipation of an experiment to measure OWTS response to a climate change scenario of 30-cm increase in water table elevation and 4C temperature increase. Replicate (n=3) intact soil mesocosms were used to evaluate the effectiveness of drainfields with a conventional wastewater delivery (pipe-and-stone) compared to two types of pressurized, shallow narrow drainfield. Results under steady state conditions indicate complete removal of fecal coliform bacteria, phosphorus and BOD by all soil-based systems. By contrast, removal of total nitrogen inputs was 16% in conventional and 11% for both advanced drainfields. Effluent waters maintained a steady state pH between 3.2 - 3.7 for all technologies. Average DO readings were 2.9mg/L for conventional drainfield effluent and 4.6mg/L for advanced, showing the expected oxygen uptake with shallow placement of the infiltrative zone. The conventional OWTS is outperforming the advanced with respect to nitrogen removal, but renovating wastewater equivalently for all other contaminants of concern. The results of this study are expected to facilitate development of future OWTS regulation and planning guidelines, particularly in coastal zones and in the face of a changing climate.

  18. Application Of Steel Bar Bracings In Renovation And Modernization Of Historic Buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuchta, Krzysztof

    2015-12-01

    The use of steel bracings is possible in all four stages of engineering activities in the renovation and modernization of historic buildings, i. e.: protecting, repairing, strengthening and rebuilding. Steel bracings are auxiliary structural systems, which, due to their relatively small cross-section dimensions and low weight, provide an efficient way to achieve the required resistance and stability of the original historic building structural systems. The steel structure in most cases is the tissue that differs in style and material of genuine tissue which is present in a renewed historic building, but is also often a rational solution acceptable to the conservation and structural point of view.

  19. Lead-based paint in dwellings: The potential for contamination of the home environment during renovation.

    PubMed

    Inskip, M J; Hutton, M

    1987-12-01

    The quantity and particle size characteristics of lead in dust released during three different paint removal techniques was determined under controlled conditions and in situ in a dwelling. Air-lead and deposited dust-lead levels were highest after sanding but 'burning-off' and 'hot-air' removal methods also produced significant contamination. The importance of dust particle-size and lead is discussed in relation to the potential hazard to home renovators via inhalation and to children via the 'hand-to-mouth' route.

  20. A BIM-based system for demolition and renovation waste estimation and planning.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Jack C P; Ma, Lauren Y H

    2013-06-01

    Due to the rising worldwide awareness of green environment, both government and contractors have to consider effective construction and demolition (C&D) waste management practices. The last two decades have witnessed the growing importance of demolition and renovation (D&R) works and the growing amount of D&R waste disposed to landfills every day, especially in developed cities like Hong Kong. Quantitative waste prediction is crucial for waste management. It can enable contractors to pinpoint critical waste generation processes and to plan waste control strategies. In addition, waste estimation could also facilitate some government waste management policies, such as the waste disposal charging scheme in Hong Kong. Currently, tools that can accurately and conveniently estimate the amount of waste from construction, renovation, and demolition projects are lacking. In the light of this research gap, this paper presents a building information modeling (BIM) based system that we have developed for estimation and planning of D&R waste. BIM allows multi-disciplinary information to be superimposed within one digital building model. Our system can extract material and volume information through the BIM model and integrate the information for detailed waste estimation and planning. Waste recycling and reuse are also considered in our system. Extracted material information can be provided to recyclers before demolition or renovation to make recycling stage more cooperative and more efficient. Pick-up truck requirements and waste disposal charging fee for different waste facilities will also be predicted through our system. The results could provide alerts to contractors ahead of time at project planning stage. This paper also presents an example scenario with a 47-floor residential building in Hong Kong to demonstrate our D&R waste estimation and planning system. As the BIM technology has been increasingly adopted in the architectural, engineering and construction industry

  1. A BIM-based system for demolition and renovation waste estimation and planning.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Jack C P; Ma, Lauren Y H

    2013-06-01

    Due to the rising worldwide awareness of green environment, both government and contractors have to consider effective construction and demolition (C&D) waste management practices. The last two decades have witnessed the growing importance of demolition and renovation (D&R) works and the growing amount of D&R waste disposed to landfills every day, especially in developed cities like Hong Kong. Quantitative waste prediction is crucial for waste management. It can enable contractors to pinpoint critical waste generation processes and to plan waste control strategies. In addition, waste estimation could also facilitate some government waste management policies, such as the waste disposal charging scheme in Hong Kong. Currently, tools that can accurately and conveniently estimate the amount of waste from construction, renovation, and demolition projects are lacking. In the light of this research gap, this paper presents a building information modeling (BIM) based system that we have developed for estimation and planning of D&R waste. BIM allows multi-disciplinary information to be superimposed within one digital building model. Our system can extract material and volume information through the BIM model and integrate the information for detailed waste estimation and planning. Waste recycling and reuse are also considered in our system. Extracted material information can be provided to recyclers before demolition or renovation to make recycling stage more cooperative and more efficient. Pick-up truck requirements and waste disposal charging fee for different waste facilities will also be predicted through our system. The results could provide alerts to contractors ahead of time at project planning stage. This paper also presents an example scenario with a 47-floor residential building in Hong Kong to demonstrate our D&R waste estimation and planning system. As the BIM technology has been increasingly adopted in the architectural, engineering and construction industry

  2. Prevention by Design: Construction and Renovation of Health Care Facilities for Patient Safety and Infection Prevention.

    PubMed

    Olmsted, Russell N

    2016-09-01

    The built environment supports the safe care of patients in health care facilities. Infection preventionists and health care epidemiologists have expertise in prevention and control of health care-associated infections (HAIs) and assist with designing and constructing facilities to prevent HAIs. However, design elements are often missing from initial concepts. In addition, there is a large body of evidence that implicates construction and renovation as being associated with clusters of HAIs, many of which are life threatening for select patient populations. This article summarizes known risks and prevention strategies within a framework for patient safety. PMID:27515144

  3. A BIM-based system for demolition and renovation waste estimation and planning

    SciTech Connect

    Cheng, Jack C.P.; Ma, Lauren Y.H.

    2013-06-15

    Highlights: ► We developed a waste estimation system leveraging the BIM technology. ► The system can calculate waste disposal charging fee and pick-up truck demand. ► We presented an example scenario demonstrating this system. ► Automatic, time-saving and wide applicability are the features of the system. - Abstract: Due to the rising worldwide awareness of green environment, both government and contractors have to consider effective construction and demolition (C and D) waste management practices. The last two decades have witnessed the growing importance of demolition and renovation (D and R) works and the growing amount of D and R waste disposed to landfills every day, especially in developed cities like Hong Kong. Quantitative waste prediction is crucial for waste management. It can enable contractors to pinpoint critical waste generation processes and to plan waste control strategies. In addition, waste estimation could also facilitate some government waste management policies, such as the waste disposal charging scheme in Hong Kong. Currently, tools that can accurately and conveniently estimate the amount of waste from construction, renovation, and demolition projects are lacking. In the light of this research gap, this paper presents a building information modeling (BIM) based system that we have developed for estimation and planning of D and R waste. BIM allows multi-disciplinary information to be superimposed within one digital building model. Our system can extract material and volume information through the BIM model and integrate the information for detailed waste estimation and planning. Waste recycling and reuse are also considered in our system. Extracted material information can be provided to recyclers before demolition or renovation to make recycling stage more cooperative and more efficient. Pick-up truck requirements and waste disposal charging fee for different waste facilities will also be predicted through our system. The results

  4. Renovation And Adaptation Of The Historic Olsztyn Purification House Bet Tahara Into A Public Utility Building

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deja, Barbara Maria

    2015-09-01

    The historic Jewish Purification House Bet Tahara was erected in Olsztyn in 1913 on the basis of the debut design of Erich Mendelsohn, a world-famous architect born in Olsztyn. The most valuable element of the building is a self-supporting pyramid vault above a mourning hall. The paper presents the interesting structure of the building, its technical condition before renovation, as well as the scope of work involved in adapting it into a public utility building - MENDELSOHN HOUSE Intercultural Dialogue Centre. The undertaking was executed thanks to the commitment of the building's leaseholder - "Borussia" Cultural Community Association, which raised money for this goal from public funds.

  5. The role of interfacial layers in the enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids : a renovated Hamilton-Crosser model.

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, W.; Choi, S. U.-S.; Energy Technology

    2004-08-01

    We previously developed a renovated Maxwell model for the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids and determined that the solid/liquid interfacial layers play an important role in the enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids. However, this renovated Maxwell model is limited to suspensions with spherical particles. Here, we extend the Hamilton--Crosser model for suspensions of nonspherical particles to include the effect of a solid/liquid interface. The solid/liquid interface is described as a confocal ellipsoid with a solid particle. The new model for the three-phase suspensions is mathematically expressed in terms of the equivalent thermal conductivity and equivalent volume fraction of anisotropic complex ellipsoids, as well as an empirical shape factor. With a generalized empirical shape factor, the renovated Hamilton-Crosser model correctly predicts the magnitude of the thermal conductivity of nanotube-in-oil nanofluids. At present, this new model is not able to predict the nonlinear behavior of the nanofluid thermal conductivity.

  6. Indoor air quality in green-renovated vs. non-green low-income homes of children living in a temperate region of US (Ohio).

    PubMed

    Coombs, Kanistha C; Chew, Ginger L; Schaffer, Christopher; Ryan, Patrick H; Brokamp, Cole; Grinshpun, Sergey A; Adamkiewicz, Gary; Chillrud, Steve; Hedman, Curtis; Colton, Meryl; Ross, Jamie; Reponen, Tiina

    2016-06-01

    Green eco-friendly housing includes approaches to reduce indoor air pollutant sources and to increase energy efficiency. Although sealing/tightening buildings can save energy and reduce the penetration of outdoor pollutants, an adverse outcome can be increased buildup of pollutants with indoor sources. The objective of this study was to determine the differences in the indoor air quality (IAQ) between green and non-green homes in low-income housing complexes. In one housing complex, apartments were renovated using green principles (n=28). Home visits were conducted immediately after the renovation, and subsequently at 6 months and at 12 months following the renovation. Of these homes, eight homes had pre-renovation home visits; this allowed pre- and post-renovation comparisons within the same homes. Parallel visits were conducted in non-green (control) apartments (n=14) in a nearby low-income housing complex. The IAQ assessments included PM2.5, black carbon, ultrafine particles, sulfur, total volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde, and air exchange rate. Data were analyzed using linear mixed-effects models. None of the indoor pollutant concentrations were significantly different between green and non-green homes. However, we found differences when comparing the concentrations before and after renovation. Measured immediately after renovation, indoor black carbon concentrations were significantly lower averaging 682 ng/m(3) in post-renovation vs. 2364 ng/m(3) in pre-renovation home visits (p=0.01). In contrast, formaldehyde concentrations were significantly higher in post-renovated (0.03 ppm) than in pre-renovated homes (0.01 ppm) (p=0.004). Questionnaire data showed that opening of windows occurred less frequently in homes immediately post-renovation compared to pre-renovation; this factor likely affected the levels of indoor black carbon (from outdoor sources) and formaldehyde (from indoor sources) more than the renovation status itself. To reduce IAQ

  7. Indoor air quality in green-renovated vs. non-green low-income homes of children living in a temperate region of US (Ohio).

    PubMed

    Coombs, Kanistha C; Chew, Ginger L; Schaffer, Christopher; Ryan, Patrick H; Brokamp, Cole; Grinshpun, Sergey A; Adamkiewicz, Gary; Chillrud, Steve; Hedman, Curtis; Colton, Meryl; Ross, Jamie; Reponen, Tiina

    2016-06-01

    Green eco-friendly housing includes approaches to reduce indoor air pollutant sources and to increase energy efficiency. Although sealing/tightening buildings can save energy and reduce the penetration of outdoor pollutants, an adverse outcome can be increased buildup of pollutants with indoor sources. The objective of this study was to determine the differences in the indoor air quality (IAQ) between green and non-green homes in low-income housing complexes. In one housing complex, apartments were renovated using green principles (n=28). Home visits were conducted immediately after the renovation, and subsequently at 6 months and at 12 months following the renovation. Of these homes, eight homes had pre-renovation home visits; this allowed pre- and post-renovation comparisons within the same homes. Parallel visits were conducted in non-green (control) apartments (n=14) in a nearby low-income housing complex. The IAQ assessments included PM2.5, black carbon, ultrafine particles, sulfur, total volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde, and air exchange rate. Data were analyzed using linear mixed-effects models. None of the indoor pollutant concentrations were significantly different between green and non-green homes. However, we found differences when comparing the concentrations before and after renovation. Measured immediately after renovation, indoor black carbon concentrations were significantly lower averaging 682 ng/m(3) in post-renovation vs. 2364 ng/m(3) in pre-renovation home visits (p=0.01). In contrast, formaldehyde concentrations were significantly higher in post-renovated (0.03 ppm) than in pre-renovated homes (0.01 ppm) (p=0.004). Questionnaire data showed that opening of windows occurred less frequently in homes immediately post-renovation compared to pre-renovation; this factor likely affected the levels of indoor black carbon (from outdoor sources) and formaldehyde (from indoor sources) more than the renovation status itself. To reduce IAQ

  8. A library for the twenty-first century: the Galter Health Sciences Library's renovation and expansion project.

    PubMed Central

    Shedlock, J; Ross, F

    1997-01-01

    A renovation and expansion project at the Galter Health Sciences Library of Northwestern University strikes a balance between traditional and future libraries, library ambiance and high technology, old and new. When guided by a vision of future building use, renovation projects can succeed in meeting many institutional goals as a viable alternative to new library buildings. Issues addressed include planning considerations, architectural history, library design, building features, information technology considerations, and ideal library space design when new construction is not possible. Images PMID:9160155

  9. [Pedagocic and didactic renovation for histology and embryology learning. A 15 years experience].

    PubMed

    D'Ottavio, Alberto E; Bassan, Norberto D

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the pedagogical and didactical renovation carried out between 1986 y 2001 in the Cathedra of Histology and Embryology (Faculty of Medical Sciences, National University of Rosario). This process, initiated with pilot tests during early 70s and a full length paper in late 70s, was centered in differential activities performed by teachers and students, being adapted to the massive and no restricted admission during that period (2000 +/- 500 students). The design included individual and/or group management of self-learning and self-evaluation modules, training laboratories in microscopic diagnosis using protocols similar to clinical records, problem-solving sessions and theoretical sessions of consult and relearning, placed at the end of the aforesaid learning situations. Learning followed a decreasing support trajectory ([see text]) for reaching a systemic self-learning, relevant for incessant medical education. Its permanence and optimal results along 15 years encourage us to present this model as a valid and reliable one for Faculties with histological and embryological contents developed in a traditional formal or as a contribution to the passage from a traditional curriculum with independent subjects to other, renovated or innovative, with varied grades of integration. PMID:17639806

  10. How to renovate a 50-year-old wastewater treating plant: Part 1

    SciTech Connect

    Hunter, M.L.

    1996-01-01

    How does an existing refinery cost-effectively renovate wastewater/stormwater treating systems to meet today`s environmental regulations and standards? Faced with solving this problem, Amoco`s Whiting Refinery developed a project team consisting of plant and operations engineers, corporate project and design engineers, contractors and vendors to map out a strategy to re-engineer the existing wastewater treating plant (WWTP) and auxiliary functions. This case history shows how an old refinery limited by existing equipment, building space, operation`s availability requirements and costs divided the project into several design phases. The design team used a proactive approach with empowerment responsibilities to solve construction, equipment usage and regulatory problems throughout the project`s lifetime. Focusing on front-end planning and customer service (the refinery), team members applied value-based engineering designs to keep costs down, implemented safe work practices during construction, used HAZOP reviews to scrutinize proposed designs for operating and maintenance procedures, etc. The result has been the renovation of a 50-year-old WWTP completed under budget, ontime and in compliance with federal mandates.

  11. Effect of renovating an office building on occupants' comfort and health.

    PubMed

    Pejtersen, J; Brohus, H; Hyldgaard, C E; Nielsen, J B; Valbjørn, O; Hauschildt, P; Kjaergaard, S K; Wolkoff, P

    2001-03-01

    An intervention study was performed in a mechanically ventilated office building in which there were severe indoor climate complaints among the occupants. In one part of the building a new heating and ventilation strategy was implemented by renovating the HVAC system, and a carpet was replaced with a low-emitting vinyl floor material; the other part of the building was kept unchanged, serving as a control. A comprehensive indoor climate investigation was performed before and after the intervention. Over a 2-week period, the occupants completed a daily questionnaire regarding their comfort and health. Physiological examinations of eyes, nose and lungs were performed on each occupant. Physical, chemical and sensory measurements were performed before and after the intervention. The renewal of the flooring material was performed after a sensory test of alternative solutions in the laboratory. Before the floor material was installed in the office building, a full-scale exposure experiment was performed in the laboratory. The new ventilation strategy and renovation of the HVAC system were selected on the basis of laboratory experiments on a full-scale mock-up of a cellular office. The severity of occupants' environmental perceptions and symptoms was significantly reduced by the intervention. PMID:11235227

  12. Health and housing outcomes from green renovation of low-income housing in Washington, DC.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, David E; Breysse, Jill; Dixon, Sherry L; Aceti, Susan; Kawecki, Carol; James, Mark; Wilson, Jay

    2014-03-01

    Green building systems have proliferated recently, but studies are limited of associated health and housing outcomes. The authors measured self-reported resident physical and mental health, allergens, and building conditions at baseline and one-year follow-up in a low-income housing development being renovated in accordance with green healthy housing improvements (Enterprise Green Communities standards and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design [LEED] gold certification). Self-reported general health in adults significantly improved from 59% to 67% (p = .026), with large statistically significant improvements in water/ dampness problems, cockroaches and rodents, and reduced pesticide use. Median cockroach (Bla g1) and mouse (Mus m1) allergen dust loadings showed large and statistically significant reductions from baseline to three months postintervention and were sustained at one year (both p < .05). Energy and water cost savings were 16% and 54%, respectively. Incorporating Enterprise Green Communities and LEED standards in low-income housing renovation improves health and housing conditions and can help to reduce disparities. All green housing standards should include health-related requirements. PMID:24683934

  13. Health and housing outcomes from green renovation of low-income housing in Washington, DC.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, David E; Breysse, Jill; Dixon, Sherry L; Aceti, Susan; Kawecki, Carol; James, Mark; Wilson, Jay

    2014-03-01

    Green building systems have proliferated recently, but studies are limited of associated health and housing outcomes. The authors measured self-reported resident physical and mental health, allergens, and building conditions at baseline and one-year follow-up in a low-income housing development being renovated in accordance with green healthy housing improvements (Enterprise Green Communities standards and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design [LEED] gold certification). Self-reported general health in adults significantly improved from 59% to 67% (p = .026), with large statistically significant improvements in water/ dampness problems, cockroaches and rodents, and reduced pesticide use. Median cockroach (Bla g1) and mouse (Mus m1) allergen dust loadings showed large and statistically significant reductions from baseline to three months postintervention and were sustained at one year (both p < .05). Energy and water cost savings were 16% and 54%, respectively. Incorporating Enterprise Green Communities and LEED standards in low-income housing renovation improves health and housing conditions and can help to reduce disparities. All green housing standards should include health-related requirements.

  14. 76 FR 40912 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment for the Renovation of the Charles F...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-12

    ... replacement of mechanical systems to meet high performance green building standards, and making needed.... Replacing the building's mechanical systems would result in a reduction of energy usage and promote the... (through mechanical systems renovation and replacement) would promote the backfill of the...

  15. The Renovation of Higher Education Governance in Vietnam and Its Impact on the Teaching Quality at Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pham, Thi Lan Phuong

    2012-01-01

    Significant changes in the policies of higher education in Vietnam have changed the structure and governance of the system since the mid-1990s. The most commonly agreed-upon positive outcome of the governance renovation process is that the formation of a nationwide quality assurance scheme, which is stimulated by accreditation, in the higher…

  16. Maintaining Respect for the Past and Flexibility for the Future: Additions and Renovations as an Integrated Sequence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swedberg, Dan

    As an alternative to new construction or consolidation, many rural communities are considering the option of retaining their existing schools, upgrading them through renovations, and providing community-sensitive and effective additions as needed. The feeling of being connected to one's community can be enhanced by the continuity of community…

  17. Program of “Okayama Biomedical Engineering Professional” for Local Renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayashi, Kozaburo

    Okayama University of Science, Department of Biomedical Engineering, is promoting a program of “Okayama Biomedical Engineering Professional” for the development and renovation of biomedical industries in Okayama area. This is one of the programs of the national project on “Formation of the Center for the Production of Capable Persons for Local Renovation” , sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan, and performed by the Japan Science and Technology Agency. The purpose of the program is to develop and educate specialists for the research, development, production, and marketing of biomedical devices and equipment in local industries in Okayama area. A half a year training for approximately 5 students from industries consists of 12 days of lectures and experiments, which is repeatedly provided for 5 years (approximately 45 students in total) .

  18. LMHC/TWRS year 2000 equipment project renovation and contingency plan

    SciTech Connect

    ADAMS, M.R.

    1999-05-12

    A program has been completed to assess, renovate and document tank farm field equipment year 2000 compliance. A communication plan has also been prepared (see section 8.0). The objective of the program was to assure that no adverse effects occur in tank farm operations as a result of equipment malfunction due to the advent of year 2000. The purposes of this document are to: describe the process used to assess field equipment; document items found to be compliant; document items found to be non-compliant including options for making the equipment year 2000 functional and/or tolerant; describe location and management of field equipment year 2000 documentation; assess overall vulnerability of TWRS field equipment with regard to year 2000 problems and describe plans to communicate year 2000 equipment review results and corrective actions.

  19. Tenement House "Under The Golden Crown" In Wrocław - Renovation Of The Peculiar Monument

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirschke, Krystyna

    2015-12-01

    Among the many historic buildings in Wroclaw, there is a property address Rynek 29 - Oławska 2, that in 1970 entered in the register of monuments as "a department store, earlier tenement house called "Under the Golden Crown". In the fact it was built in 1961 and it is neither a historical building nor department store. It is, spectacular example of creative retrospective, in the post-war reconstruction of Wroclaw. It has relict of medieval and Renaissance architecture, but the aboveground parts have a skeleton structure of commercial buildings from the early 20th century. In recent years, there is a problem with renovating such buildings. Recognition of these monuments has become a requirement now. Because only in this way in the future, in the course of modernization works, you will be able to avoid bad decisions and unforeseen situations.

  20. Alternative Energy Saving Technology Analysis Report for Richland High School Renovation Project

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Bing

    2004-08-09

    On July 8, 2004, L&S Engineering, Inc. submitted a technical assistance request to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to help estimate the potential energy savings and cost effectiveness of the solar energy and daylighting design alternatives for Richland High School Renovation Project in Richland, WA. L&S Engineering expected PNNL to evaluate the potential energy savings and energy cost savings, the probable installation costs, incentives or grants to reduce the installed costs and simple payback for the following alternative measures: (1) Daylighting in New Gym; (2) Solar Photovoltaics; (3) Solar Domestic Hot Water Pre-Heat; and (4) Solar Outside Air Pre-Heat Following are the findings of the energy savings and cost-effectiveness analysis of above alternative energy saving technologies.

  1. Renovation of Nmij's 5 MN Hydraulic Amplification Type Force Standard Machine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayashi, Toshiyuki; Maejima, Hiroshi; Ueda, Kazunaga; Aokitsu, Mitsuharu

    The 5 MN hydraulic amplification type force standard machine was renovated by replacing its hydraulic pressure control system, measuring ram and cylinder. For re-evaluation of uncertainty of force amplification factor, diameters of the main and mearsuring rams and cylinders were re-measured. A programmable logic controller with a personal computer is used to control the weight motion and the valve actuation, to monitor various kinds of sensors output, and to record readings of a force transducer under calibration. Fluctuation of calibration force was suppressed by using a quartz-resonance type pressure gauge, and measurement repeatability was improved to some extent. However, there remains room for improvement to further stabilize the calibration force by modifying the measuring ram.

  2. Renovated Korean nuclear safety and security system: A review and suggestions to successful settlement

    SciTech Connect

    Chung, W. S.; Yun, S. W.; Lee, D. S.; Go, D. Y.

    2012-07-01

    Questions of whether past nuclear regulatory body of Korea is not a proper system to monitor and check the country's nuclear energy policy and utilization have been raised. Moreover, a feeling of insecurity regarding nuclear safety after the nuclear accident in Japan has spread across the public. This has stimulated a renovation of the nuclear safety regime in Korea. The Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (NSSC) was launched on October 26, 2011 as a regulatory body directly under the President in charge of strengthening independence and nuclear safety. This was a meaningful event as the NSSC it is a much more independent regulatory system for Korea. However, the NSSC itself does not guarantee an enhanced public acceptance of the nuclear policy and stable use nuclear energy. This study introduces the new NSSC system and its details in terms of organization structure, appropriateness of specialty, budget stability, and management system. (authors)

  3. Energy Efficiency and Universal Design in Home Renovations - A Comparative Review.

    PubMed

    Kapedani, Ermal; Herssens, Jasmien; Verbeeck, Griet

    2016-01-01

    Policy and societal objectives indicate a large need for housing renovations that both accommodate lifelong living and significantly increase energy efficiency. However, these two areas of research are not yet examined in conjunction and this paper hypothesizes this as a missed opportunity to create better renovation concepts. The paper outlines a comparative review on research in Energy Efficiency and Universal Design in order to find the similarities and differences in both depth and breadth of knowledge. Scientific literature in the two fields reveals a disparate depth of knowledge in areas of theory, research approach, and degree of implementation in society. Universal Design and Energy Efficiency are part of a trajectory of expanding scope towards greater sustainability and, although social urgency has been a driver of the research intensity and approach in both fields, in energy efficiency there is an engineering, problem solving approach while Universal Design has a more sociological, user-focused one. These different approaches are reflected in the way home owners in Energy Efficiency research are viewed as consumers and decision makers whose drivers are studied, while Universal Design treats home owners as informants in the design process and studies their needs. There is an inherent difficulty in directly merging Universal Design and Energy Efficiency at a conceptual level because Energy Efficiency is understood as a set of measures, i.e. a product, while Universal Design is part of a (design) process. The conceptual difference is apparent in their implementation as well. Internationally energy efficiency in housing has been largely imposed through legislation, while legislation directly mandating Universal Design is either non-existent or it has an explicit focus on accessibility. However, Energy Efficiency and Universal Design can be complementary concepts and, even though it is more complex than expected, the combination offers possibilities to advance

  4. Energy Efficiency and Universal Design in Home Renovations - A Comparative Review.

    PubMed

    Kapedani, Ermal; Herssens, Jasmien; Verbeeck, Griet

    2016-01-01

    Policy and societal objectives indicate a large need for housing renovations that both accommodate lifelong living and significantly increase energy efficiency. However, these two areas of research are not yet examined in conjunction and this paper hypothesizes this as a missed opportunity to create better renovation concepts. The paper outlines a comparative review on research in Energy Efficiency and Universal Design in order to find the similarities and differences in both depth and breadth of knowledge. Scientific literature in the two fields reveals a disparate depth of knowledge in areas of theory, research approach, and degree of implementation in society. Universal Design and Energy Efficiency are part of a trajectory of expanding scope towards greater sustainability and, although social urgency has been a driver of the research intensity and approach in both fields, in energy efficiency there is an engineering, problem solving approach while Universal Design has a more sociological, user-focused one. These different approaches are reflected in the way home owners in Energy Efficiency research are viewed as consumers and decision makers whose drivers are studied, while Universal Design treats home owners as informants in the design process and studies their needs. There is an inherent difficulty in directly merging Universal Design and Energy Efficiency at a conceptual level because Energy Efficiency is understood as a set of measures, i.e. a product, while Universal Design is part of a (design) process. The conceptual difference is apparent in their implementation as well. Internationally energy efficiency in housing has been largely imposed through legislation, while legislation directly mandating Universal Design is either non-existent or it has an explicit focus on accessibility. However, Energy Efficiency and Universal Design can be complementary concepts and, even though it is more complex than expected, the combination offers possibilities to advance

  5. Approach for Estimating Exposures and Incremental Health Effects from Lead During Renovation, Repair, and Painting Activities in Public and Commercial Buildings

    EPA Science Inventory

    Approach for Estimating Exposures and Incremental Health Effects from Lead During Renovation, Repair, and Painting Activities in Public and Commercial Buildings” (Technical Approach Document). Also available for public review and comment are two supplementary documents: the detai...

  6. The Interaction Between Prenatal Exposure to Home Renovation and Reactive Oxygen Species Genes in Cord Blood IgE Response is Modified by Maternal Atopy

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Jinho; Shin, Youn Ho; Kim, Kyung Won; Suh, Dong In; Yu, Ho-Sung; Kang, Mi-Jin; Lee, Kyung-Shin; Hong, Seo Ah; Choi, Kil Yong; Lee, Eun; Yang, Song-I; Seo, Ju-Hee; Kim, Byoung-Ju; Kim, Hyo-Bin; Lee, So-Yeon; Choi, Suk-Joo; Oh, Soo-Young; Kwon, Ja-Young; Lee, Kyung-Ju; Park, Hee Jin; Lee, Pil Ryang; Won, Hye-Sung

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Although home renovation exposure during childhood has been identified as a risk factor for the development of allergy, there is limited information on the association between prenatal exposure to home renovation and cord blood (CB) IgE response. The aims of this study were to identify the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on CB IgE levels, and to investigate whether this exposure interacts with neonatal genes and whether the effect can be modified by maternal atopy. Methods This study included 1,002 mother-neonate pairs from the COhort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and allergic diseases (COCOA). Prenatal environmental factors were collected using a questionnaire. The levels of CB IgE were measured by the ImmunoCAP system, and DNA was extracted from CB. Results Exposure to home renovation during the prenatal period was associated with significantly higher levels of CB IgE only in neonates from atopic mothers, and the effect of renovation exposure on CB IgE levels persisted from 31 months before birth. Furthermore, prenatal exposure to home renovation increased the risk of CB IgE response interacting with polymorphisms of NRF2 and GSTP1 genes only in neonates from atopic mothers. Conclusions Maternal atopy modified the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on CB serum IgE response as well as the interaction between the exposure and neonatal genes involved in the oxidative stress pathway. These findings suggest that the genetically susceptible offspring of atopic mothers may be more vulnerable to the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on the development of allergy. PMID:26540500

  7. Renovating Charity Hospital or building a new hospital in post-Katrina New Orleans: economic rationale versus political will.

    PubMed

    Leleu, Hervé; Moises, James; Valdmanis, Vivian Grace

    2013-02-01

    Since September 2005, Charity Hospital of New Orleans has been closed due to Hurricane Katrina. A debate following the closing arose about whether this public hospital should be renovated or a new medical center affiliated with the Louisiana State University should be built. Using academic literature, government statistics, and popular press reports, we describe the economic implications that support the view that Charity Hospital should have been renovated. We also address why this policy was not pursued by demonstrating the influence politics and individual stakeholders (specifically, Louisiana State University) had on the eventual policy pursued. In this commentary we also note the political identity movement away from public-sector provision of services to private-sector interests. PMID:23377720

  8. Renovating Charity Hospital or building a new hospital in post-Katrina New Orleans: economic rationale versus political will.

    PubMed

    Leleu, Hervé; Moises, James; Valdmanis, Vivian Grace

    2013-02-01

    Since September 2005, Charity Hospital of New Orleans has been closed due to Hurricane Katrina. A debate following the closing arose about whether this public hospital should be renovated or a new medical center affiliated with the Louisiana State University should be built. Using academic literature, government statistics, and popular press reports, we describe the economic implications that support the view that Charity Hospital should have been renovated. We also address why this policy was not pursued by demonstrating the influence politics and individual stakeholders (specifically, Louisiana State University) had on the eventual policy pursued. In this commentary we also note the political identity movement away from public-sector provision of services to private-sector interests.

  9. Moving to Google Cloud: Renovation of Global Borehole Temperature Database for Climate Research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, Y.; Huang, S.

    2013-12-01

    Borehole temperature comprises an independent archive of information on climate change which is complementary to the instrumental and other proxy climate records. With support from the international geothermal community, a global database of borehole temperatures has been constructed for the specific purpose of the study on climate change. Although this database has become an important data source in climate research, there are certain limitations partially because the framework of the existing borehole temperature database was hand-coded some twenty years ago. A database renovation work is now underway to take the advantages of the contemporary online database technologies. The major intended improvements include 1) dynamically linking a borehole site to Google Earth to allow for inspection of site specific geographical information; 2) dynamically linking an original key reference of a given borehole site to Google Scholar to allow for a complete list of related publications; and 3) enabling site selection and data download based on country, coordinate range, and contributor. There appears to be a good match between the enhancement requirements for this database and the functionalities of the newly released Google Fusion Tables application. Google Fusion Tables is a cloud-based service for data management, integration, and visualization. This experimental application can consolidate related online resources such as Google Earth, Google Scholar, and Google Drive for sharing and enriching an online database. It is user friendly, allowing users to apply filters and to further explore the internet for additional information regarding the selected data. The users also have ways to map, to chart, and to calculate on the selected data, and to download just the subset needed. The figure below is a snapshot of the database currently under Google Fusion Tables renovation. We invite contribution and feedback from the geothermal and climate research community to make the

  10. A feasibility study of a Salix viminalis gravel hydroponic system to renovate primary settled wastewater.

    PubMed

    Mant, Catherine; Peterkin, John; May, Eric; Butler, John

    2003-10-01

    A Salix viminalis/gravel system based on hydroponics was developed for wastewater renovation in order to avoid the problems of soil damage and pollution associated with long-term application of wastewater to soil. For such a system to work the mineral elements applied must match closely the requirements of the tree species. To examine this the growth and nutrient uptake of S. viminalis in wastewater was compared with that in Long Ashton nutrient solution (1/4 strength). S. viminalis grew more slowly in wastewater than in Long Ashton solution, but exhibited no obvious deficiency or toxicity symptoms. Since industrial wastewaters often contain metals, the extent to which copper might inhibit wastewater treatment in this system was also examined. S. viminalis was grown in wastewater amended with 10 and 100 ppm copper. Trees were unaffected by wastewater with 10 ppm copper when compared to trees grown in wastewater alone. Wastewater containing with 100 ppm copper was too toxic for the trees to thrive and wastewater treatment was reduced. Treatment efficiencies for unamended wastewater were 57.7% for nitrogen, 90.6% for phosphorus and 24.9% for potassium. These efficiencies are much greater than those quoted for a Salix/soil system, and thus Salix/gravel systems may have potential for wastewater treatment in environmentally sensitive areas or situations.

  11. Revision of testing criteria for air cleaning unit of renovated APR-1000 and APR-1400 NPPS.

    PubMed

    Jeong, Seung-Young

    2011-07-01

    Designing Air Cleaning Units (ACU) of an Engineered Safety Feature and normal atmosphere clean-up system at the renovated APR-1000 and APR-1400 NPP, and fuel cycle facilities in Korea, is required to meet the standards of ASME AG-1 (1997), ASME N509/N510 (1989) and KEPIC-MH (2001) to enhance the removal efficiency of aerosols and particulates from the effluents. The revised ACU testing criteria are allowed to use alternative challenge agents of the dioctyl phthalate and Refrigerant-11 for in situ testing of high efficiency particulate air filters and adsorption banks. The operability testing time of engineered safety feature (ESF) trains was changed from 10 h to 15 min. The activated carbon in adsorption banks should undergo laboratory tests at a temperature of 30 °C and relative humidity 95 %. The removal criteria of methyl iodide should be over 99.5 % for ESF and 99 % for normal systems. This paper provides the background of the changed criteria for designing and testing of the ACU system in nuclear facilities.

  12. Lead exposure among workers renovating a previously deleaded bridge: comparison of trades, work tasks.

    PubMed

    Johnson, J C; Reynolds, S J; Fuortes, L J; Clarke, W R

    2000-01-01

    Airborne and surface lead exposures were evaluated for construction trade groups at a previously deleaded bridge renovation site in the midwestern United States. Although all lead-based paint should have been removed, old layers of leaded paint were still present on some sections of the bridge. Ironworkers performing metal torch cutting had the highest exposures (188 microg/m3), followed by workers engaged in clean-up operations and paint removal (p < 0.001). Respirators were most frequently worn by workers with the greatest lead exposures; however, laborers performing clean-up operations had exposures to lead dust of 43 microg/m3 and often wore no respiratory protection. Wipe samples revealed that almost all contractor vehicles were contaminated with lead. Heavy equipment operators with low airborne lead exposure had the highest levels of surface contamination in personal vehicles (3,600 microg/m2). Laborers cleaning structural steel with compressed air and ironworkers exposed to lead fumes from cutting had the highest concentrations of lead dust on clothing (mean 4,766 microg/m2). Handwashing facilities were provided, but were infrequently used. No separate clothes changing facility was available at the site. The potential for "take-home" contamination was high, even though this site was thought to be relatively free of lead. Construction contractors and their workers need to be aware that previous deleading of a site may not preclude exposure to significant amounts of lead.

  13. The Datacon Master -- Renovation of a Datacon field bus communications system for accelerator control

    SciTech Connect

    Kerner, T.M.

    1995-05-01

    The Datacon system is a serial coaxial transformer isolated communication field bus system used to control and monitor accelerator remote devices. The Datacon field bus has been a BNL accelerator standard since its initial use in 1965. A single Datacon field bus supports up to 256 devices on a multidrop RG62A/U coaxial cable with up to 33 devices or 2,000 feet between repeaters or buffered branches. The forcing factor to renovate was the inability to repair the aging PDP-8E and PDP10 computers. The maintenance on this aging system was costly and the large number of accelerator devices dependent on the Datacon system could not be converted in a reasonable period of time to a new modern field bus. A commercial VMEbus host CPU mated with a custom designed VMEbus SBC event driven serial communications engine featuring a superscaler RISC 32-bit Intel i960 CPU met the design challenge. The commercial VMEbus host runs the VxWorks real-time operating system and connects to UNIX workstations over a Ethernet LAN. The V110 Datacon Master is the custom designed front end computer that integrates an accelerator event time line system with accelerator devices for up to 8 ppm users adding new capabilities.

  14. Renovating the Pyramid of Needs: Contemporary Extensions Built Upon Ancient Foundations

    PubMed Central

    Kenrick, Douglas T.; Griskevicius, Vladas; Neuberg, Steven L.; Schaller, Mark

    2011-01-01

    Maslow’s pyramid of human needs, proposed in 1943, has been one of the most cognitively contagious ideas in the behavioral sciences. Anticipating later evolutionary views of human motivation and cognition, Maslow viewed human motives as based in innate and universal predispositions. We revisit the idea of a motivational hierarchy in light of theoretical developments at the interface of evolutionary biology, anthropology, and psychology. After considering motives at three different levels of analysis, we argue that the basic foundational structure of the pyramid is worth preserving, but that it should be buttressed with a few architectural extensions. By adding a contemporary design feature, connections between fundamental motives and immediate situational threats and opportunities should be highlighted. By incorporating a classical element, these connections can be strengthened by anchoring the hierarchy of human motives more firmly in the bedrock of modern evolutionary theory. We propose a renovated hierarchy of fundamental motives that serves as both an integrative framework and a generative foundation for future empirical research. PMID:21874133

  15. [Dynamic morbidity of children as a evaluation criterion for renovation of aluminum manufacturing industries].

    PubMed

    Gurvich, V B; Plotko, E G; Seliankina, K P; Nadeenko, V G; Ryzhov, V V; Saĭchenko, S P; Veprintsev, V V

    2004-01-01

    Negative pollution effects from atmospheric discharges by aluminium facilities exerted on population health can be traced by the parameters of the reproductive function in women, physical development of newborns, general and differential morbidity of children aged below one year as well as by anthropometric signs in birth, morbidity of children and adults, mortality, including due to oncology. The introduction of modern technologies including the preliminarily fire anode treatment and the use of highly effective methods of purification of industrial wastes cut the concentration (in atmospheric air) of anhydrous hydrogen fluoride and of solid fluorides as well as of aluminium to maximum permissible concentration; it also essentially reduced the content of benzapilene. A better atmospheric air observed yet in the course of renovation contributed to a lower morbidity of children, aged below one year, as well as to the prevalence of diseases affecting the eyes, respiratory and digestive organs, skin and subcutaneous cellular tissue; it also cuts the number of congenital anomalies versus the data obtained in a neighboring district.

  16. Renovating the Pyramid of Needs: Contemporary Extensions Built Upon Ancient Foundations.

    PubMed

    Kenrick, Douglas T; Griskevicius, Vladas; Neuberg, Steven L; Schaller, Mark

    2010-05-01

    Maslow's pyramid of human needs, proposed in 1943, has been one of the most cognitively contagious ideas in the behavioral sciences. Anticipating later evolutionary views of human motivation and cognition, Maslow viewed human motives as based in innate and universal predispositions. We revisit the idea of a motivational hierarchy in light of theoretical developments at the interface of evolutionary biology, anthropology, and psychology. After considering motives at three different levels of analysis, we argue that the basic foundational structure of the pyramid is worth preserving, but that it should be buttressed with a few architectural extensions. By adding a contemporary design feature, connections between fundamental motives and immediate situational threats and opportunities should be highlighted. By incorporating a classical element, these connections can be strengthened by anchoring the hierarchy of human motives more firmly in the bedrock of modern evolutionary theory. We propose a renovated hierarchy of fundamental motives that serves as both an integrative framework and a generative foundation for future empirical research. PMID:21874133

  17. Renovating the Pyramid of Needs: Contemporary Extensions Built Upon Ancient Foundations.

    PubMed

    Kenrick, Douglas T; Griskevicius, Vladas; Neuberg, Steven L; Schaller, Mark

    2010-05-01

    Maslow's pyramid of human needs, proposed in 1943, has been one of the most cognitively contagious ideas in the behavioral sciences. Anticipating later evolutionary views of human motivation and cognition, Maslow viewed human motives as based in innate and universal predispositions. We revisit the idea of a motivational hierarchy in light of theoretical developments at the interface of evolutionary biology, anthropology, and psychology. After considering motives at three different levels of analysis, we argue that the basic foundational structure of the pyramid is worth preserving, but that it should be buttressed with a few architectural extensions. By adding a contemporary design feature, connections between fundamental motives and immediate situational threats and opportunities should be highlighted. By incorporating a classical element, these connections can be strengthened by anchoring the hierarchy of human motives more firmly in the bedrock of modern evolutionary theory. We propose a renovated hierarchy of fundamental motives that serves as both an integrative framework and a generative foundation for future empirical research.

  18. Thermal and flow analyses of the Nuclear Materials Storage Facility Renovation Title I 60% design

    SciTech Connect

    Knight, T.D.; Steinke, R.G.; Mueller, C.

    1998-08-01

    The authors are continuing to use the computational fluid dynamics code CFX-4.2 to evaluate the steady-state thermal-hydraulic conditions in the Nuclear Material Storage Facility Renovation Title 1 60% Design. The analyses build on those performed for the 30% design. They have run an additional 9 cases to investigate both the performance of the passive vault and of an individual drywell. These cases investigated the effect of wind on the inlet tower, the importance of resolving boundary layers in the analyses, and modifications to the porous-medium approach used in the earlier analyses to represent better the temperature fields resulting from the detailed modeling of the boundary layers. The difference between maximum temperatures of the bulk air inside the vault for the two approaches is small. They continued the analyses of the wind effects around the inflector fixture, a canopy and cruciform device, on the inlet tower by running a case with the wind blowing diagonally across the inflector. The earlier analyses had investigated a wind that was blowing parallel to one set of vanes on the inflector. Several subcases for these analyses investigated coupling the analysis to the facility analysis and design changes for the inflector.

  19. Shipboard Analytical Capabilities on the Renovated JOIDES Resolution, IODP Riserless Drilling Vessel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blum, P.; Foster, P.; Houpt, D.; Bennight, C.; Brandt, L.; Cobine, T.; Crawford, W.; Fackler, D.; Fujine, K.; Hastedt, M.; Hornbacher, D.; Mateo, Z.; Moortgat, E.; Vasilyev, M.; Vasilyeva, Y.; Zeliadt, S.; Zhao, J.

    2008-12-01

    The JOIDES Resolution (JR) has conducted 121 scientific drilling expeditions during the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) and the first phase of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) (1983-2006). The vessel and scientific systems have just completed an NSF-sponsored renovation (2005-2008). Shipboard analytical systems have been upgraded, within funding constraints imposed by market driven vessel conversion cost increases, to include: (1) enhanced shipboard analytical services including instruments and software for sampling and the capture of chemistry, physical properties, and geological data; (2) new data management capabilities built around a laboratory information management system (LIMS), digital asset management system, and web services; (3) operations data services with enhanced access to navigation and rig instrumentation data; and (4) a combination of commercial and home-made user applications for workflow- specific data extractions, generic and customized data reporting, and data visualization within a shipboard production environment. The instrumented data capture systems include a new set of core loggers for rapid and non-destructive acquisition of images and other physical properties data from drill cores. Line-scan imaging and natural gamma ray loggers capture data at unprecedented quality due to new and innovative designs. Many instruments used to characterize chemical compounds of rocks, sediments, and interstitial fluids were upgraded with the latest technology. The shipboard analytical environment features a new and innovative framework (DESCinfo) and application (DESClogik) for capturing descriptive and interpretive data from geological sub-domains such as sedimentology, petrology, paleontology, structural geology, stratigraphy, etc. This system fills a long-standing gap by providing a global database, controlled vocabularies and taxa name lists with version control, a highly configurable spreadsheet environment for data capture, and

  20. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 7, Estimate data

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. This report is organized according to the sections and subsections outlined by Attachment III-2 of DOE Document AL 4700.1, Project Management System. It is organized into seven parts. This document, Part VII - Estimate Data, contains the project cost estimate information.

  1. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 1, Design concept. Part 2, Project management

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. This document provides Part I - Design Concept which describes the selected solution, and Part II - Project Management which describes the management system organization, the elements that make up the system, and the control and reporting system.

  2. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 3, Supplemental information

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. It is organized into seven parts. Part I - Design Concept describes the selected solution. Part III - Supplemental Information contains calculations for the various disciplines as well as other supporting information and analyses.

  3. WITS-HEX: A renovated code for analysis of PIXE X-ray spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lipworth, A. D.; Annegarn, H. J.; Bauman, S.; Molokomme, T.; Walker, A. J.

    1990-04-01

    The code REX [H.C. Kaufmann and K.R. Akselsson, Adv. X-ray Anal. 18 (1975) 353] and its successor, HEX were developed at Florida State University and University of Lund in the early seventies for quantitative reduction of PIXE spectra. HEX modelled many of the physical processes, including target self-absorption. Lack of adequate documentation and several inherent software related problems hampered widespread adoption and further development. HEX was designed using a hierarchical functional design approach, coded in FORTRAN IV. Its element library and request list are tightly constrained. ANSI standard FORTRAN provides few structured constructs, nor does it support dynamic data structures. HEX has a batch mode of interaction which affords minimal (interim) user interactions. To overcome these limitations we have modernised the program to run on IBM PC compatible computers by using object-oriented design techniques, documented in Program Description Language (pseudo-code) and implemented in a modern programming language, Pascal. Turbo Pascal 5.5 provides an integrated program development environment, a high resolution graphics library, an operating system interface and many software development tools to improve programmer productivity. A menu-based highly interactive screen management library is used for the user interface. A demonstration version is available for user evaluation. Further rigorous testing and the development of user acquired spectra interfacing code will be developed before the first release. The renovated code, WITS-HEX, has extracted the intellectual value embodied in HEX. It will be inherently more stable, reliable, versatile, maintainable and easy to use to facilitate future process modifications.

  4. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 6, Alternatives study

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for material and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. This report is organized according to the sections and subsections outlined by Attachment 111-2 of DOE Document AL 4700.1, Project Management System. It is organized into seven parts. This document, Part VI - Alternatives Study, presents a study of the different storage/containment options considered for NMSF.

  5. Design Problems With Renovating And Adapting An Old Mill On The Example Of The Execution Of An Original Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grzonka, Aleksandra

    2015-12-01

    Nowadays, postindustrial areas and buildings are becoming more and more valuable. Very popular are those with special historical and architectural values, which are additionally located in large cities. The situation of those possessing fewer attributes encouraging their adaptation is worse. Sometimes, however, there are reasons why a decision is made to invest in such buildings despite the many difficulties connected with the implementation of these investments. This situation was presented on the example of the renovation and adaptation of an old electric mill in Łaziec into a restaurant.

  6. Addressing Lead-Based Paint Hazards During Renovation, Remodeling, and Rehabilitation in Federally Owned and Assisted Housing. Student Manual for Use in HUD-Sponsored Lead-Safe Work Practices Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC.

    This student manual comprises the United States Environmental Protection Agency's model renovation training course designed for renovation, remodeling, and painting contractors. It provides information regarding the containment, minimization, and cleanup of lead hazards during activities that disturb lead painted surfaces. Introductory material…

  7. The Boston Schoolyard Initiative: A Study of Its Schoolyard Renovations--Disseminating Lessons Learned from a Case Study Analysis of a Successful Active Space Redevelopment Program. Program Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakashian, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Researchers in the Boston University Department of Environmental Health conducted a case study of the Boston Schoolyard Initiative, a project that provides funds and technical support to community groups dedicated to renovating schoolyards in Boston. Researchers described the process by which the Boston Schoolyard Initiative came into being and…

  8. Challenges of Current Social, Economical and Technological Developments and Need for Reforms/Renovations in Training of Teachers in Technical-Vocational Education. A Discussion Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basu, C. K.

    Recent social/economic changes and technological developments are demanding reforms/renovations in the training of technical-vocational teachers in Asia-Pacific countries. Among the changes that have necessitated reform of training for technical-vocational teachers in the Asia-Pacific region are the following: population growth and rapid…

  9. Breadboard wash water renovation system. [using ferric chloride and ion exchange resins to remove soap and dissolved salts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1978-01-01

    A total wash water renovation system concept was developed for removing objectionable materials from spacecraft wash water in order to make the water reusable. The breadboard model system described provides for pretreatment with ferric chloride to remove soap by chemical precipitation, carbon adsorption to remove trace dissolved organics, and ion exchange for removal of dissolved salts. The entire system was put into continuous operation and carefully monitored to assess overall efficiency and equipment maintenance problems that could be expected in actual use. In addition, the capacity of the carbon adsorbers and the ion-exchange resin was calculated and taken into consideration in the final evaluation of the system adequacy. The product water produced was well within the Tentative Wash Water Standards with regard to total organic carbon, conductivity, urea content, sodium chloride content, color, odor, and clarity.

  10. A modified operational sequence methodology for zoo exhibit design and renovation: conceptualizing animals, staff, and visitors as interdependent coworkers.

    PubMed

    Kelling, Nicholas J; Gaalema, Diann E; Kelling, Angela S

    2014-01-01

    Human factors analyses have been used to improve efficiency and safety in various work environments. Although generally limited to humans, the universality of these analyses allows for their formal application to a much broader domain. This paper outlines a model for the use of human factors to enhance zoo exhibits and optimize spaces for all user groups; zoo animals, zoo visitors, and zoo staff members. Zoo exhibits are multi-faceted and each user group has a distinct set of requirements that can clash or complement each other. Careful analysis and a reframing of the three groups as interdependent coworkers can enhance safety, efficiency, and experience for all user groups. This paper details a general creation and specific examples of the use of the modified human factors tools of function allocation, operational sequence diagram and needs assessment. These tools allow for adaptability and ease of understanding in the design or renovation of exhibits.

  11. A modified operational sequence methodology for zoo exhibit design and renovation: conceptualizing animals, staff, and visitors as interdependent coworkers.

    PubMed

    Kelling, Nicholas J; Gaalema, Diann E; Kelling, Angela S

    2014-01-01

    Human factors analyses have been used to improve efficiency and safety in various work environments. Although generally limited to humans, the universality of these analyses allows for their formal application to a much broader domain. This paper outlines a model for the use of human factors to enhance zoo exhibits and optimize spaces for all user groups; zoo animals, zoo visitors, and zoo staff members. Zoo exhibits are multi-faceted and each user group has a distinct set of requirements that can clash or complement each other. Careful analysis and a reframing of the three groups as interdependent coworkers can enhance safety, efficiency, and experience for all user groups. This paper details a general creation and specific examples of the use of the modified human factors tools of function allocation, operational sequence diagram and needs assessment. These tools allow for adaptability and ease of understanding in the design or renovation of exhibits. PMID:24838689

  12. Petropower energia project under way in Chile promises refiner better economics at lower cost

    SciTech Connect

    1996-12-31

    Construction of the Republic of Chile`s first public/private industrial partnership project is well under way. Ground was broken for the $232-million Petropower Energia Limitada project early this year, shortly after the final contract between the parties - Foster Wheeler Power Systems, Inc. (FWPS); Petrox S.A. Refineria de Petroleo and Empresa Nacional del Petroleo (ENAP) - was signed. The Petropower project, located adjacent to Petrox`s 84,000-b/d refinery in Talcahuano, represents the first project ever to combine petroleum coking technology with cogeneration technology in a single project financing. Petropower is 85% owned by FWPS, 7.5% by ENAP, the Chilean national oil company and parent of Petrox S.A. When completed in mid-1998, the Petropower project will enable Petrox to refine heavier crudes and enhance the refinery`s flexibility and economics. The project will consist of a delayed coking facility (a 12,000-b/d delayed coking unit and a 7,000-b/d hydrotreating plant) and a 67-MW (59 MW net) cogeneration plant. The coke produced will fuel a Foster Wheeler proprietary-design circulating fluidized-bed (CFB) boiler which will generate all the high-pressure steam and electric power needs of the Petrox refinery. This unit will be the first circulating fluidized-bed boiler to be built in Latin America. The cogeneration facility, using limestone as a reagent and equipped with a baghouse, will control SO{sub x} emissions from combustion of the green coke fuel and easily meet all Chilean environmental standards. Moreover, by constructing the cogeneration facility, Petrox will not have to proceed with capital improvements to existing facilities to ensure a reliable source of steam and electricity, resulting in substantial savings for Petrox. The cogeneration plant provides a permanent {open_quotes}disposal{close_quotes} for all coke produced by the delayed coker, thereby solving any future problems of unwanted or excess coke.

  13. Optimal Decision Model for Sustainable Hospital Building Renovation-A Case Study of a Vacant School Building Converting into a Community Public Hospital.

    PubMed

    Juan, Yi-Kai; Cheng, Yu-Ching; Perng, Yeng-Horng; Castro-Lacouture, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Much attention has been paid to hospitals environments since modern pandemics have emerged. The building sector is considered to be the largest world energy consumer, so many global organizations are attempting to create a sustainable environment in building construction by reducing energy consumption. Therefore, maintaining high standards of hygiene while reducing energy consumption has become a major task for hospitals. This study develops a decision model based on genetic algorithms and A* graph search algorithms to evaluate existing hospital environmental conditions and to recommend an optimal scheme of sustainable renovation strategies, considering trade-offs among minimal renovation cost, maximum quality improvement, and low environmental impact. Reusing vacant buildings is a global and sustainable trend. In Taiwan, for example, more and more school space will be unoccupied due to a rapidly declining birth rate. Integrating medical care with local community elder-care efforts becomes important because of the aging population. This research introduces a model that converts a simulated vacant school building into a community public hospital renovation project in order to validate the solutions made by hospital managers and suggested by the system. The result reveals that the system performs well and its solutions are more successful than the actions undertaken by decision-makers. This system can improve traditional hospital building condition assessment while making it more effective and efficient. PMID:27347986

  14. Optimal Decision Model for Sustainable Hospital Building Renovation-A Case Study of a Vacant School Building Converting into a Community Public Hospital.

    PubMed

    Juan, Yi-Kai; Cheng, Yu-Ching; Perng, Yeng-Horng; Castro-Lacouture, Daniel

    2016-06-24

    Much attention has been paid to hospitals environments since modern pandemics have emerged. The building sector is considered to be the largest world energy consumer, so many global organizations are attempting to create a sustainable environment in building construction by reducing energy consumption. Therefore, maintaining high standards of hygiene while reducing energy consumption has become a major task for hospitals. This study develops a decision model based on genetic algorithms and A* graph search algorithms to evaluate existing hospital environmental conditions and to recommend an optimal scheme of sustainable renovation strategies, considering trade-offs among minimal renovation cost, maximum quality improvement, and low environmental impact. Reusing vacant buildings is a global and sustainable trend. In Taiwan, for example, more and more school space will be unoccupied due to a rapidly declining birth rate. Integrating medical care with local community elder-care efforts becomes important because of the aging population. This research introduces a model that converts a simulated vacant school building into a community public hospital renovation project in order to validate the solutions made by hospital managers and suggested by the system. The result reveals that the system performs well and its solutions are more successful than the actions undertaken by decision-makers. This system can improve traditional hospital building condition assessment while making it more effective and efficient.

  15. Evolutionary renovation of L/M opsin polymorphism confers a fruit discrimination advantage to ateline New World monkeys.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Yoshifumi; Hiramatsu, Chihiro; Matsushita, Yuka; Ozawa, Norihiro; Ashino, Ryuichi; Nakata, Makiko; Kasagi, Satoshi; Di Fiore, Anthony; Schaffner, Colleen M; Aureli, Filippo; Melin, Amanda D; Kawamura, Shoji

    2014-04-01

    New World monkeys exhibit prominent colour vision variation due to allelic polymorphism of the long-to-middle wavelength (L/M) opsin gene. The known spectral variation of L/M opsins in primates is broadly determined by amino acid composition at three sites: 180, 277 and 285 (the 'three-sites' rule). However, two L/M opsin alleles found in the black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) are known exceptions, presumably due to novel mutations. The spectral separation of the two L/M photopigments is 1.5 times greater than expected based on the 'three-sites' rule. Yet the consequence of this for the visual ecology of the species is unknown, as is the evolutionary mechanism by which spectral shift was achieved. In this study, we first examine L/M opsins of two other Atelinae species, the long-haired spider monkeys (A. belzebuth) and the common woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha). By a series of site-directed mutagenesis, we show that a mutation Y213D (tyrosine to aspartic acid at site 213) in the ancestral opsin of the two alleles enabled N294K, which occurred in one allele of the ateline ancestor and increased the spectral separation between the two alleles. Second, by modelling the chromaticity of dietary fruits and background leaves in a natural habitat of spider monkeys, we demonstrate that chromatic discrimination of fruit from leaves is significantly enhanced by these mutations. This evolutionary renovation of L/M opsin polymorphism in atelines illustrates a previously unappreciated dynamism of opsin genes in shaping primate colour vision.

  16. Implementation of China`s three synchronizations policy: Case studies of wastewater treatment measures at new and renovated factories

    SciTech Connect

    Sinkule, B.J.

    1994-03-01

    The Three Synchronizations Policy requires that the design, construction, and operation of a new factory, or an existing factory that expands or changes production processes, be synchronized with the design, construction and operation of appropriate waste treatment facilities. Under this policy, when a new factory is designed, wastewater treatment facilities must be included as part of the overall factory design: when the factory is constructed, the wastewater treatment facilities must be constructed along with construction of the production facilities; and finally, when the factory begins to operate, the waste treatment facilities must begin operation as well. This research includes case studies of wastewater treatment measures at sixteen factories in the Pearl River Delta Region of China. Implementation of the Three Synchronizations Policy is examined in detail for two of the factories: Fengfu Weaving and Dyeing Plant and Zhongguan Printing and Dyeing Plant. The results of this research suggest that the Three Synchronizations Policy has been an effective means of forcing new and renovated factories to comply with wastewater discharge standards, mainly because the Three Synchronizations Policy gives environmental protection bureaus authority to regulate at each step of a new industrial facility`s development. In practice, this authority has been exercised through formalizing the {open_quotes}synchronizations{close_quotes} into a management system with specific regulatory requirements, each of which requires EPB approval. EPBs ran stall operation by withholding its approval of certification of a factory`s wastewater treatment facilities; EPBs also use fines and limited time treatment orders to enforce the Three Synchronizations Policy. The research results demonstrate that the Three Synchronizations Policy was more important than the Pollutant Discharge Fee Program in motivating existing factories to build wastewater treatment facilities.

  17. Evolutionary renovation of L/M opsin polymorphism confers a fruit discrimination advantage to ateline New World monkeys

    PubMed Central

    Matsumoto, Yoshifumi; Hiramatsu, Chihiro; Matsushita, Yuka; Ozawa, Norihiro; Ashino, Ryuichi; Nakata, Makiko; Kasagi, Satoshi; Di Fiore, Anthony; Schaffner, Colleen M; Aureli, Filippo; Melin, Amanda D; Kawamura, Shoji

    2014-01-01

    New World monkeys exhibit prominent colour vision variation due to allelic polymorphism of the long-to-middle wavelength (L/M) opsin gene. The known spectral variation of L/M opsins in primates is broadly determined by amino acid composition at three sites: 180, 277 and 285 (the ‘three-sites’ rule). However, two L/M opsin alleles found in the black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) are known exceptions, presumably due to novel mutations. The spectral separation of the two L/M photopigments is 1.5 times greater than expected based on the ‘three-sites’ rule. Yet the consequence of this for the visual ecology of the species is unknown, as is the evolutionary mechanism by which spectral shift was achieved. In this study, we first examine L/M opsins of two other Atelinae species, the long-haired spider monkeys (A. belzebuth) and the common woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha). By a series of site-directed mutagenesis, we show that a mutation Y213D (tyrosine to aspartic acid at site 213) in the ancestral opsin of the two alleles enabled N294K, which occurred in one allele of the ateline ancestor and increased the spectral separation between the two alleles. Second, by modelling the chromaticity of dietary fruits and background leaves in a natural habitat of spider monkeys, we demonstrate that chromatic discrimination of fruit from leaves is significantly enhanced by these mutations. This evolutionary renovation of L/M opsin polymorphism in atelines illustrates a previously unappreciated dynamism of opsin genes in shaping primate colour vision. PMID:24612406

  18. The effect of renovation of long-term temperate grassland on N2O emissions and N leaching from contrasting soils.

    PubMed

    Krol, D J; Jones, M B; Williams, M; Richards, K G; Bourdin, F; Lanigan, G J

    2016-08-01

    Renovation of long-term grassland is associated with a peak in soil organic N mineralisation which, coupled with diminished plant N uptake can lead to large gaseous and leaching N losses. This study reports on the effect of ploughing and subsequent N fertilisation on the N2O emissions and DON/NO3(-) leaching, and evaluates the impact of ploughing technique on the magnitude and profile of N losses. This study was carried out on isolated grassland lysimeters of three Irish soils representing contrasting drainage properties (well-drained Clonakilty, moderately-drained Elton and poorly-drained Rathangan). Lysimeters were manually ploughed simulating conventional (CT) and minimum tillage (MT) as two treatments. Renovation of grassland increased N2O flux to a maximum of 0.9kgN2O-Nha(-1) from poorly-drained soil over four days after treatment. Although there was no difference between CT and MT in the post-ploughing period, the treatment influenced subsequent N2O after fertiliser applications. Fertilisation remained the major driver of N losses therefore reducing fertilisation rate post-planting to account for N mineralised through grassland renovation could reduce the losses in medium to longer term. Leaching was a significant loss pathway, with the cumulative drainage volume and N leached highly influenced by soil type. Overall, the total N losses (N2O+N leached) were lowest from poorly and moderately draining soil and highest for the well draining soil, reflecting the dominance of leaching on total N losses and the paramount importance of soil properties. PMID:27101460

  19. The effect of renovation of long-term temperate grassland on N2O emissions and N leaching from contrasting soils.

    PubMed

    Krol, D J; Jones, M B; Williams, M; Richards, K G; Bourdin, F; Lanigan, G J

    2016-08-01

    Renovation of long-term grassland is associated with a peak in soil organic N mineralisation which, coupled with diminished plant N uptake can lead to large gaseous and leaching N losses. This study reports on the effect of ploughing and subsequent N fertilisation on the N2O emissions and DON/NO3(-) leaching, and evaluates the impact of ploughing technique on the magnitude and profile of N losses. This study was carried out on isolated grassland lysimeters of three Irish soils representing contrasting drainage properties (well-drained Clonakilty, moderately-drained Elton and poorly-drained Rathangan). Lysimeters were manually ploughed simulating conventional (CT) and minimum tillage (MT) as two treatments. Renovation of grassland increased N2O flux to a maximum of 0.9kgN2O-Nha(-1) from poorly-drained soil over four days after treatment. Although there was no difference between CT and MT in the post-ploughing period, the treatment influenced subsequent N2O after fertiliser applications. Fertilisation remained the major driver of N losses therefore reducing fertilisation rate post-planting to account for N mineralised through grassland renovation could reduce the losses in medium to longer term. Leaching was a significant loss pathway, with the cumulative drainage volume and N leached highly influenced by soil type. Overall, the total N losses (N2O+N leached) were lowest from poorly and moderately draining soil and highest for the well draining soil, reflecting the dominance of leaching on total N losses and the paramount importance of soil properties.

  20. Renovated, repurposed, and still “one sweet library”: a case study on loss of space from the Health Sciences and Human Services Library, University of Maryland, Baltimore

    PubMed Central

    Tooey, Mary Joan (M.J.)

    2010-01-01

    Setting: The Health Sciences and Human Services Library (HS/HSL), University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), is located in an urban environment on the west side of downtown Baltimore. Founded in 1813, the library opened its current building in 1998 and is one of the largest health sciences libraries in the United States, with 6 floors and over 180,000 gross square and 118,000 net assignable square feet (NASF). Project: The initial discussions in late 2005 involved moving campus offices into the library. Almost immediately, it was recognized that a much larger renovation was needed due to the scope of the work. The vice president for academic affairs, the library executive director, and campus planners agreed that if the renovation was done thoughtfully, multiple needs could be met, including new office spaces, better user spaces, and synergy with the new campus center being built next door. Planning: The planning, design, and construction process was multifaceted and on a fast track. Although the final piece of the renovation was completed in June 2009, the majority of the planning, design, and construction took place between March 2006 and June 2008. All tenants were involved with office design. Library staff were involved in designing the public spaces and planning the strategy for weeding and shifting. Outcomes: Approximately 8,000 NASF was reallocated to new office space from shelving space, amounting to approximately 6.7% of the building NASF and approximately 10.6% of the public space in the building. The majority of new offices in the building report to the same vice president and are student focused and service oriented, with similar missions to that of the library resulting in a very harmonious cohabitation. Additional units with these missions and reporting structure are located in the new campus center, creating a synergy between the two buildings. PMID:20098653

  1. Thermal and flow analysis of the Fluor Daniel, Inc., Nuclear Material Storage Facility renovation design (initial 30% effort of Title 1)

    SciTech Connect

    Steinke, R.G.; Mueller, C.; Knight, T.D.

    1998-03-01

    The computational fluid dynamics code CFX4.2 was used to evaluate steady-state thermal-hydraulic conditions in the Fluor Daniel, Inc., Nuclear Material Storage Facility renovation design (initial 30% of Title 1). Thirteen facility cases were evaluated with varying temperature dependence, drywell-array heat-source magnitude and distribution, location of the inlet tower, and no-flow curtains in the drywell-array vault. Four cases of a detailed model of the inlet-tower top fixture were evaluated to show the effect of the canopy-cruciform fixture design on the air pressure and flow distributions.

  2. Education Renovation in Vietnam.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Allan; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Discusses Vietnam's educational reform efforts from 1945 to the present, focusing on current goals to restructure the national system, develop semiprivate and private schools, create closer linkages between secondary and vocational education, increase minorities' education opportunities, and improve educational quality. Reforms are comprehensive…

  3. jcpenney retail renovation

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, Michael C.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Zhang, Jian; Ruiz, Kathleen A.; Wilburn, Matthew S.

    2011-06-30

    JC Penney is a partner with the DOE's Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) program, working with PNNL to explore energy design measures (EDMs) that may be applied to their building portfolio. A site in Colonial Heights, VA was chosen for a retrofit project; computer modeling predicts 45% improved energy performance compared to baseline operations. This case study reviews EDMs that were selected and their performance as of June 2011.

  4. Renovation of Large-Panel Buildings in Context of Urban Renewal/ Remonty Budynków Wielkopłytowych, Jako Element Rewitalizacji Miast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ligęza, Wiesław

    2015-06-01

    The article presents issues connected with renovating multi-storey precast concrete buildings, resulting from the consequences of construction defects occurring over the course of the building process and use of the buildings, as well as design flaws and construction defects when insulating external partitions. Analyses and conclusions which stem from them cover issues of renovation in the light of: damage in the vertical and horizontal joints, damage to the connection of layers in three-layer load-bearing and curtain walls, the effect of the damage on the possibilities of carrying out functional modernization of residential units, the effect of the damage on the effectiveness of thermo-modernization - new problems related to faulty insulation W artykule przedstawiono zagadnienia remontowe w budynkach wielkopłytowych wynikające ze skutków wad budowlanych powstałych w czasie budowy i eksploatacji oraz wad projektowych i wykonawczych przy realizacji docieplenia przegród zewnętrznych. Analizy i wynikające z nich wnioski obejmują zagadnienia remontowe w świetle: uszkodzeń w złączach pionowych i poziomych, uszkodzeń połączenia warstw w ścianach trójwarstwowych nośnych i osłonowych, wpływu uszkodzeń na możliwości modernizacji funkcjonalnej lokali mieszkalnych, wpływu uszkodzeń na skuteczność termomodernizacji - nowe problemy w aspekcie źle wykonanego ocieplenia.

  5. One method is not enough to determine denitrification in a Histic Gleysol following different grassland renovation techniques in Northwest Germany

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Well, Reinhard; Buchen, Caroline; Eschenbach, Wolfram; Lewicka-Szczebak, Dominika; Helfrich, Mirjam; Gensior, Andreas; Flessa, Heinz

    2014-05-01

    Grassland renovation by reseeding is a common practices to improve productivity, but knowledge on enhanced nitrate leaching and N2O emission due to disturbance during associated soil tillage is scarce. Denitrification in hydromorphic soils under agricultural management is potentially extremely high due to the coincidence of high nitrate concentrations, labile organic carbon and oxygen depletion during extended periods of water saturation close to the soil surface (Well et al. 2003; Well et al. 2005). We investigated the impact of grassland renewal or conversion to arable land on greenhouse gas fluxes and N losses in field plot experiments. One of the two sites is a hydromorphic soil (Histic Gleysol) rich in organic C, with groundwater level always within the rooting zone and close to the surface during winter. Assessment of the N budget to estimate enhanced N mineralization following grassland renewal as well as associated N leaching is complicated by potentially complete NO3- consumption via denitrification. Robust estimation on denitrification losses at this site is crucial to assess the impact of grassland renewal on its N dynamics and budget. One aim of this study is to determine denitrification in the surface and subsoil in order to close the N budget. We apply five approaches to investigate spatial and temporal dynamics of denitrification and will report first results. (1) N balance approach: The N budget is obtained by weekly measurement of N2O fluxes and mineral N in the top soil, mineral N twice a year at 0 to 90 cm depth, N uptake, N fertilization and modeling N leaching based on mineral N and hydrological model data. Unaccounted N is attributed to possible denitrification. (2) Isotopologue approach: δ18O, average δ15N and 15N site preference of N2O as well as δ15N and δ18O of NO3- are measured at times to estimate N2O reduction to N2 in the topsoil during periods of unsaturated conditions using the N2O isotope fractionation approach (Lewicka

  6. The Non-finished, Non-well Compacted Soil of the Crest of Zayzoun Dam, the Technical and Administrative Errors, and the Correct Ways of its Reinforcement and Renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamze, Youssef; Stanivska, Anna

    Zayzoun dam is one of the irrigation elements of the valley of (Alkhab) in northern Syria; its exploitation started in 1996 and breached on June 4th, 2002. There were many experts searching for the causes of its failure and the correct ways of its renovation. There were many reports written about the failure with different opinions, and we have been one of these experts with an objective opinion. The principal aim was to study all the technical and administrative components of the dam, and to analyze the existing and the new laboratory testing. The soil of the unfinished summit of the dam, in the end, was found to be the real cause that led to its failure. These causes will be analyzed in order to avoid them in the future and to find the suitable ways of its renovation and reinforcement.

  7. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 5, Structural/seismic investigation. Section A report, existing conditions calculations/supporting information

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. Based upon US Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque Operations (DOE/Al) Office and LANL projections, storage space limitations/restrictions will begin to affect LANL`s ability to meet its missions between 1998 and 2002.

  8. Goode Gym Energy Renovation Project

    SciTech Connect

    Coleman, Andrena

    2014-12-11

    The Ida H. Goode Gymnasium was constructed in 1964 to serve as a focal point for academics, student recreation, and health and wellness activities. This 38,000 SF building contains a gymnasium with a stage, swimming pool, eight classrooms, a weight room, six offices and auxiliary spaces for the athletic programs. The gym is located on a 4-acre greenfield, which is slated for improvement and enhancement to future athletics program at Bennett College. The available funding for this project was used to weatherize the envelope of the gymnasium, installation of a new energy-efficient mechanical system, and a retrofit of the existing lighting systems in the building’s interior. The envelope weatherization was completed without disturbing the building’s historic preservation eligibility. The existing heating system was replaced with a new high efficiency condensing system. The new heating system also includes a new Building Automation System which provides additional monitoring. Proper usage of this system will provide additional energy savings. Most of the existing interior lighting fixtures and bulbs were replaced with new LED and high efficiency T-8 bulbs and fixtures. Occupancy sensors were installed in applicable areas. The Ida Goode Gymnasium should experience high electricity and natural gas savings as well as operational/maintenance efficiency increases. The aesthetics of the building was maintained and the overall safety was improved.

  9. Fort Benning Indianhead Townhome Renovations

    SciTech Connect

    Stephenson, R.; Roberts, S.; Butler, T.; Kim, E.

    2012-12-01

    The NAHB Research Center partnered with production builder Winchester/Camberley Homes to build a DOE Building America New Construction Test House (NCTH). This single family, detached house, located in the mixed-humid climate zone of Silver Spring, MD, was completed in June 2011. The primary goal for this house was to improve energy efficiency by 30% over the Building America B10 benchmark by developing and implementing an optimized energy solutions package design that could be cost effectively and reliably constructed on a production basis using quality management practices. The intent of this report is to outline the features of this house, discuss the implementation of the energy efficient design, and report on short-term testing results. During the interactive design process of this project, numerous iterations of the framing, air sealing, insulation, and space conditioning systems were evaluated for energy performance, cost, and practical implementation. The final design featured numerous advanced framing techniques, high levels of insulation, and the HVAC system entirely within conditioned space. Short-term testing confirmed a very tight thermal envelope and efficient and effective heating and cooling. In addition, relevant heating, cooling, humidity, energy, and wall cavity moisture data will be collected and presented in a future long-term report.

  10. Green Construction in Building Renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ksit, Barbara; Majcherek, Michał

    2016-06-01

    Modern materials and construction solutions draw more and more attention to ecology and building certification. Among the criteria appearing in revitalization, an important element is bringing plants back into heavily urbanized areas. In its natural form, this is not possible to carry out everywhere, often requiring large amounts of space. Nowadays, however, there are a number of green roofs and green wall systems, allowing "greener" construction without making significant changes in the urban environment. The article includes a presentation and analysis of selected solutions of biological surfaces known as green roofs and green walls, specifying various solutions and their most important features. The case study focuses primarily on material and design solutions, as well as the potential benefits, risks and limitations in their use. Plants structures on the surfaces of vertical and horizontal partitions continue to be a very interesting alternative to take into account when applying for grants, such as LEED or BREEAM certificates.

  11. Renovation of Shaft Mining Building No. 2 in Kłodawa Salt Mine/ Renowacja Budynku Nadszybia Nr 2 Na Terenie Kopalni Soli "Kłodawa" S.A.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Błaszczyński, Tomasz; Wielentejczyk, Przemysław

    2015-06-01

    The paper presents the renovation process of the shaft mining building No. 2 situated in the Kłodawa Salt Mine. A technical state of the facility required immediate reinforcement of structural elements, which was confirmed by expertise carried out by the authors. A lack of repairs could be the cause of building damage. The progress of corrosion in some steel profiles of columns or floors was very advanced. The state of the building was rapidly worsening due to the very high salinity of the indoor environment, moisture (building not insulated) and vibrating engines of machinery operating on different floors felt throughout the facility. After carrying out the technical expertise, working plans and specifications, and relevant numerical analysis, the modernization process was realized by the reinforcement or rebuilding of structural elements. Referat przedstawia sposób remontu i naprawy konstrukcji nośnej i obudowy budynku nadszybia nr 2 na terenie Kopalni Soli "Kłodawa". Elementy konstrukcyjne budynku wymagały natychmiastowego wzmocnienia, co potwierdziła ekspertyza wykonana przez autorów. Zaniechanie prac remontowych groziło awarią budowlaną pomimo przeprowadzonej wcześniej w 2002 r. naprawy. Postęp korozji w niektórych profilach stalowych słupów czy stropów był bardzo zaawansowany. Stan obiektu pogarszał się szybko ze względu na bardzo duże zasolenie środowiska, wilgoć (budynek nieocieplony) oraz pracujące na poszczególnych poziomach maszyny wytwarzające duże drgania wyczuwalne w każdym miejscu obiektu. Wykonano ekspertyzę i projekt wykonawczy przed przystąpieniem do prac renowacyjnych. Przeprowadzono stosowną analizę numeryczną budynku uwzględniając w obliczeniach osłabione korozją elementy pomniejszając odpowiednio w modelu ich parametry wytrzymałościowe. Na tej podstawie zaproponowano stosowne wzmocnienia. Zastosowano technologie wzmocnień stosując wymianę profili stalowych, wspawywanie dodatkowych profili lub blach

  12. A estabilidade dos PAHS em função da energia da radiação interestelar nas faixas UV e raios-X

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pinotti, R.; Costa, R. K.; Boechat-Roberty, H. M.; Lago, A.; Souza, G. B.

    2003-08-01

    A nebulosa CRL 618, uma proto-nebulosa planetária cuja nuvem molecular espessa envolve uma estrela B0, contém uma grande quantidade de C2H2 e CH4. Estas moléculas são consideradas os tijolos da criação de grandes moléculas carbonadas como os Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos (PAHs). Esta nebulosa, por estar exposta a intensos campos de UV e Raios-X, é uma região de fotodissociação molecular que propicia a formação de novas moléculas, confirmada pela presença de C4H2 e C6H6 (Benzeno), que é a unidade básica dos PAHs. Atribui-se a esta família de moléculas orgânicas duas propriedades fundamentais, a resistência para sobreviver ao campo de radiação UV interestelar e a geração das bandas de emissão não identificadas (UIR) observadas no infravermelho. No entanto, alguns autores questionam a resistência dos PAHs ao campo de radiação UV interestelar. Empregando a técnica de Espectrometria de Massas por Tempo de Vôo, no modo de coincidência fotoelétron-fotoíon, estudamos a ionização e fragmentação das seguintes moléculas: Benzeno, Benzeno deuterado, Naftaleno, Antraceno e Fenantreno. Utilizamos uma fonte de Hélio monocromática em 21,21 eV (584,5 Å) e a radiação Síncroton do Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncroton (LNLS) em diferentes energias nas proximidades da borda do C 1s ( 290 eV). Comprovamos a estabilidade dos PAHs sob ação de UV (21,21 eV), onde eles apresentam um baixo nível de fotodissociação, produzindo fragmentos ionizados com rendimento total na ordem de 5 por cento em relação ao íon molecular pai. Entretanto, em altas energias, na faixa de Raios-X, a quebra destas moléculas torna-se mais intensa, com a produção de muitos fragmentos. Como uma das rotas de fragmentação do Naftaleno é [(C10H8) = > (C6H6+) + (C4H2) + (e-)], e como temos as evidências observacionais da existência do C4H2 e C6H6 na nebulosa CRL 618, sugerimos que este ambiente também possui o Naftaleno.

  13. Considerations When Upgrading and Renovating Window Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gille, Steve

    2010-01-01

    Today's educational facilities managers face many challenges. As stewards of their campus' physical assets, these professionals are charged with improving students' learning environments, saving money, and maintaining the historical and aesthetic integrity of their buildings. For schools and universities that have not replaced their windows in…

  14. Renovation and Reform in Dominican Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pimentel, Josefina

    2002-01-01

    Explores the role of higher education in the Dominican Republic and the need to mesh the mission of the university; the specific needs of its social, economic, and cultural environment; and the characteristics of a rapidly changing world. (EV)

  15. Arizona Takes on School Construction and Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geiger, Philip E.

    2001-01-01

    Spurred by a state superior court deadline for developing a constitutional school capital finance system, Arizona Governor Jane Hull signed legislation (Students FIRST) that dramatically reformed school construction. This legislation created a School Facilities Board and established three funds for improving school conditions and meeting building…

  16. Crowne Plaza Renovation Retrofit Case Study

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2013-03-01

    InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG) and its franchise partner B.F. Saul Company Hospitality Group (B.F. Saul Co.) partnered with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to retrofit existing buildings to reduce energy consumption by at least 30% versus requirements set by Standard 90.1-2004 of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) as part of DOE’s Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) Program.

  17. Renovating the Curriculum from the Ground Up

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clark, J. J.; Bjornerud, M.

    2003-12-01

    The geology department at Lawrence University has entirely recreated itself in the past seven years, with three new faculty members, a new curriculum, and new facilities. Although the magnitude and rapidity of these changes have posed challenges, the opportunity to build the department almost entirely from scratch has allowed us to design a program that acknowledges the profound changes that have occurred within the geosciences in the past few decades. The major challenge that we(and many other programs) faced was how to offer a curriculum that reflects the diversity of the geosciences with a relatively small faculty. We addressed this issue by identifying our priorities, strengths, potentials, and limitations, and building the strongest possible curriculum given these resources and constraints. As new faculty members were hired, we deliberately sought out versatile, flexible candidates whose training embraced several subdisciplines. The primary interests of the three current faculty members are 1) mid- to deep crustal `hard rock' geology, 2) physical surficial processes, and 3) the geochemistry of near-surface rocks and waters. This combination allows us to span a large intellectual space, but it would be difficult to offer all of the traditional courses in the geology canon. As we discussed the skills and concepts we considered for geology students and assessed the expertise of our faculty, we concluded that for us the most efficient curricular framework would emphasize 1) Earth processes (rather than entities) and 2) connections with cognate sciences(especially chemistry and physics). This shift in focus has also allowed us to serve the interdisciplinary Environmental studies curriculum in an integral way, without undercutting the department's own mission. Anecdotal evidence has shown that this approach is successful. Not only do more physics and chemistry students take our courses, but a number of them go on to minor or double major in geology. We've found also that a number of environmental studies students are taking our upper-level courses which not only helps bolster enrollment, but also exposes more students to the geosciences. Moreover, many of our majors that move on to graduate programs do so in interdisciplinary programs (e.g., geochemistry, geophysics, biogeochemistry, environmental sciences, science writing, science education). While our wholesale personnel changes allowed us unusual flexibility in redesigning our program, we feel that departments at other institutions - large and small - could benefit from a similar self-assessment. As the scope of the geosciences grows and the boundaries between disciplines become less sharp, there is no longer any possibility of `comprehensive coverage' in the undergraduate curriculum (if indeed this ever was possible). We do not consider our curriculum a universally applicable template. But we do believe that the strongest geoscience programs will emerge in departments that know their strengths and build curricula from these intellectual centers of gravity.

  18. Does environmental stability stimulate species renovation?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Casellato, C.; Erba, E.

    2009-04-01

    The Tithonian-Berriasian time interval is characterized by a major calcareous nannoplankton speciation episode: several coccolith and nannolith genera and species first appear and rapidly evolve, reaching a high diversity, abundance, and calcification degree. The history of calcareous nannoplankton indicates that times of accelerated rates of radiations (or extinctions) generally correlate with global changes in the geosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere suggesting that evolutionary patterns are intimately linked to environmental modifications (Roth, 1989; Bown et al., 2004; Erba, 2006). Nevertheless, the Tithonian-Berriasian interval provides examples of intra- and intergeneric accelerated evolutionary rates (an origination event) during a time period of general environmental stability, in absence of coeval environmental change evidence. The Tithonian - Early Berriasian can be regarded as a "quiet" interval as far as the C cycle is concerned; the _13C curve shows a gradual minor decline after the Oxfordian anomalies and prior to the Valanginian event. The Tithonian-Berriasian speciation episode provides an excellent opportunity to study modo and tempo of calcareous nannoplankton evolution relative to absent environmental change, which is believed to be instrumental for driving biological evolution. Nannofossils have been investigated in sections from the Tethys and Atlantic oceans in order to discriminate among local, regional or global causes, and to verify possible diachroneity in calcareous phytoplankton evolution and/or in response to global changes. Calcareous nannofossil species richness, first and last occurrences and relative abundance were achieved. Different evolution modes have been proposed since Darwin's Evolutionary Theory: Phyletic Gradualism (Darwin, 1859), Punctuated Equilibrium (Gould & Eldredge, 1977) and Punctuated Gradualism (Malmgren et al., 1984). Phyletic gradualism holds that new species arise from slow, steady transformation of populations providing gradational fossil series linking separate phylogenetic species. Punctuated gradualism implies long-lasting evolutionary stasis interrupted by rapid, but gradual phyletic transformation without lineage splitting. Punctuated equilibrium explains the appearance of new species by rapid speciation occurring in small peripheral isolated populations, followed by migration to other areas where fossil sequence usually shows a series of sharp morphological breaks. The Tithonian-Berriasian nannoplankton speciation episode is characterized by the first occurrence of several new nannolith genera (Conusphaera, Polycostella, Pseudolithraphidites and Lithraphidites, Nannoconus, Assipetra, Braarudoaphaera and Micrantolithus), few new coccoliths genera (Umbria, Rhagodiscus, Cruciellipsis) and several coccoliths and nannolith new species. Most new species rapidly evolved generating related new species or subspecies, often in a time interval shorter than two millions of years, providing examples of all speciation modes. The appearance of highly calcified nannoplankton and its evolution in the Tithonian-Berriasian interval were possibly controlled by abiotic factors, such as seawater chemistry (Mg/Ca ratio and pCO2) and temperature (cool climatic episode). On the other hand this speciation episode corresponds to an interval of environmental stability, probably favoring diversification and expansion of calcareous nannoplankton, adapted to oligotrophic oceans. Nannoliths seem to have experienced all three evolutionary modes, while coccoliths provide examples for only two of them. Evolutionary patterns in the studied interval permit the following considerations: at specific level both nannoliths and coccoliths gradually evolve in time intervals of more that 1 Ma, while at generic level a rapid speciation is most common. Bown, P.R., Lees, J.A., Young, J.R. (2004). Calcareous nannoplankton evolution and diversity through time. In: Thierstein, H.R., Young, J.R. (Eds.), Coccolithophores. From Molecular Processes to Global Impact. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 481 - 508. Darwin, C. (1859). L'Origine delle specie. In: L'Evoluzione. Newton, 1994 Erba, E. (2006). The first 150 million years history of calcareous nannoplankton: Biosphere - Geosphere interaction. Paleogeogr. Paleoclimatol.Paleoecol. 232, 237-250. Gould, S.J. & Eldredge, N. (1977). Punctuated equilibria: the tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered. Paleobiology 3:115-151. Malmgren, B.A., Berggren, W.A. & Lohmann, G.P. (1984). Species formation through Punctuated Gradualism in Planktonic Foraminifera. Science 225, 317-319. Roth, P.H. (1989). Ocean circulation and calcareous nannoplankton evolution during the Jurassic and Cretaceous. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 74, 111 - 126. Stenseth, N.C. & Maynard Smith, J. (1984). Coevolution in ecosystems: rred queen evolution or stasis? Evolution 38, 870-880. Van Valen, L. (1973). A new evolutionary law. Evolutionary Theory 1:1-30.

  19. Renovating the Pentagon's heating and refrigeration plant

    SciTech Connect

    Snyder, G.C. Jr. )

    1992-07-01

    This paper reports that the Pentagon heating plant originally burned coal, but has since been converted to natural gas and oil. Fifty years of service have caught up with the facility and now none of the five original boilers remains operational. Much of the old coal and ash handling equipment remain in the plant but have not been used since the conversion from coal. The inoperative conveyors and bins stand in silent testimony to a time of simpler environmental and licensing concerns. Rented, temporary, trailer-mounted boilers now supply most of the heating needs. The existing plant is on a small site about 1,500 ft (460 m) southeast of the Pentagon. Chilled water and steam are supplied to the Pentagon through steel piping in an underground concrete tunnel. Chilled water and steam are also supplied to Federal Office Building 2 (FOB-2) and Henderson Hall. FOB-2 is a 1,028,000 ft{sup 2} (95,500 m{sup 2}) office building now used by the U.S. Navy. Henderson Hall (steam only) is a 22 acre (8.9 hectares) complex of buildings that serves elements of the headquarters of the U.S. Marine Corps. FOB-2 and Henderson Hall are situated on the far west side of the Pentagon from the central plant. This necessitates piping runs of over 7,000 ft (2,100 m) one way. Distribution of chilled water is now made using a radial arrangement of progressively smaller lines that branch from the single 36 in. (91 cm) supply and return mains from the plant. A single 24 in. (61 cm) branch conveys chilled water to FOB-2 using the central plant pumps. The existing heating distribution also is a radial arrangement that conveys saturated steam at 125 psig (860 kPa). The system's age and inefficiency are exhibited by the need to have a makeup water rate that is, at times, 50% of the total steam delivery rate.

  20. Energia geotermica at the present time: Geothermal Today (Spanish version); La energia geotermica en la actualidad

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2003-09-01

    This outreach publication highlights federal program milestones and accomplishments of the DOE Geothermal Technologies Program for 2003. This is a special 8-page Spanish supplement for the audience at the Geothermal Resources Council/Geothermal Energy Association Annual Meeting and Industry Exhibit, Morelia, Mexico.

  1. Ahorre Energia: Consejos sobre el ahorro de dinero y energia en el hogar (Book)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    Learn how to save money with Energy Saver: Tips on Saving Money & Energy at Home, from the U.S. Department of Energy. The Energy Saver guide will help you reduce your monthly energy costs and live more efficiently. This guide takes you through the systems and appliances that consume the most energy in your home, and provides solutions to cut costs for you while saving the environment. The Energy Saver guide also includes transportation tips to help you save money at the pump.

  2. State and local retirement plans: innovation and renovation.

    PubMed

    Rajnes, D

    2001-07-01

    This Special Report/Issue Brief examines the universe of state and local retirement plans. It describes how these plans have developed and continue to evolve in a number of areas, including plan features, regulatory framework, governance, and asset management. While these retirement programs differ in many respects from private-sector plans, the disparity in some areas has narrowed. This report also includes a discussion of trends and the underlying forces for change. Public-sector retirement programs provide an important source of pension coverage in the United States, and are a significant part of the total retirement market: Combined public-sector retirement assets (state, local, and federal governments) comprised 29 percent of the $11.2 trillion U.S. retirement market in 1998. State and local plans are dominant in the public-sector retirement market, holding $2.7 trillion in assets, compared with $696 billion held by federal plans (both military and civilian). More than 16 million individuals are employed by state and local jurisdictions in the United States. State and local retirement plans share certain common features because of the environment in which they operate. Legal statutes, governance, and tradition all play a role in defining what is sometimes referred to as a "public-sector culture." Despite common features, there is considerable diversity among public-sector retirement plans. To attract and retain a skilled work force, public-sector employers have increased their use of defined contribution (DC) plans to supplement defined benefit (DB) plans (or, to a lesser extent, replace or serve as an alternative to them) and improve cost-of-living adjustments. At the same time, a combined federal-state regulatory framework has encouraged certain plan design features, unavailable in the private sector, which include multiple tiers for successive generations of employees in a single plan and different strategies to increase portability. State and local retirement plans reflect an increasing role by the federal government in pension system design and operation, which has led to greater complexity in such areas as Social Security participation and deferred compensation arrangements. Complexity can be expected to increase with the recent passage of P.L. 107-16, the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001. The latest full-year data included in this report are for 1999 and in some cases 2000. After this report went to press, the Federal Reserve issued significantly revised quarterly data for state, local, and federal retirement plan assets, which were not incorporated in this Issue Brief.

  3. Energy Conservation and Passive Solar Techniques in Campus Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Probasco, Jack; And Others

    1981-01-01

    The analysis of a building from an energy conservation and passive solar potential has three aspects: building envelope, landscaping, and room utilization. Typical conservation and solar control modifications are listed. (Author/MLF)

  4. Replacement vs. Renovation: The Reincarnation of Hubble Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogurek, Douglas J.

    2010-01-01

    At the original Hubble Middle School, neither the views (a congested Roosevelt Road and glimpses of downtown Wheaton) nor the century-old facility that offered them was very inspiring. Built at the start of the 20th century, the 250,000-square-foot building was converted from Wheaton Central High School to Hubble Middle School in the early 1980s.…

  5. The Lead-Safe Certified Guide to Renovate Right

    MedlinePlus

    ... if you or a family member already has lead poisoning. Call your doctor or local health department to ... or tribal programs or get general information about lead poisoning prevention. • State and tribal lead poisoning prevention or ...

  6. Renovating Literacy Centers for Middle Grades: Differentiating, Reteaching, and Motivating

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodges, Tracey S.; McTigue, Erin M.

    2014-01-01

    Remixing traditional and new teaching techniques via literacy centers can restructure middle grades language arts classrooms to promote student movement, autonomy, and creativity. Literacy centers provide a set of individual, developmentally appropriate learning activities that can be updated daily to match current objectives, but do not need to…

  7. Regency Centers Develops Leadership in Energy-Efficient Renovations

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2013-03-01

    Regency Centers (Regency) partnered with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to retrofit existing buildings to reduce energy consumption by at least 30% versus requirements set by Standard 90.1-2004 of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) as part of DOE’s Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) Program.

  8. Budget-Minded Renovation Lights Up Students' Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDaniel, Craig

    1998-01-01

    Provides considerations for educational facility lighting designs that support student learning while controlling costs. Lighting design decision factors include the types of classroom activities involved, the importance of properly using artificial and indirect lighting, the importance of color rendering, the positioning of windows and skylights,…

  9. Renovation And Modernization Of Hotel Buildings - Case Studies In Silesia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bradecki, Tomasz; Uherek-Bradecka, Barbara

    2015-12-01

    The cultural heritage of Silesia has different backgrounds and is often characterized by difficult to assess values. There is doubt as to whether some of the existing buildings should be modernized. Since 2000, an increase in the amount of investments in hotel buildings and conference venues in Poland has been observed. The functions and roles of hotels within a city have also changed. The paper presents examples of original projects and realizations of hotel buildings in Silesia. A discussion was also held regarding the issue of adapting and modernizing hotel buildings.

  10. READ THIS: Before You Design, Build or Renovate

    SciTech Connect

    Joseph Lstiburek

    2006-12-07

    This pamphlet is designed for members of the residential construction and remodeling industries, as well as owners and managers who work in affordable housing, and presents building guidance for both new construction and rehabilitation, as well as practices that can be used by property maintenance personnel.

  11. Advisory on Relocatable and Renovated Classrooms. IAQ Info Sheet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Health Services, Berkeley.

    Many California school districts, in complying with the Class Size Reduction Program, will obtain relocatable classrooms directly from manufacturers who are under no specific guidelines or codes relative to indoor air quality (IAQ). This document, designed to aid school facility managers in minimizing potential IAQ problems, summarizes the indoor…

  12. Renovating Educational Identities: Policy, Space and Urban Renewal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulson, Kalervo N.

    2005-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the relationship between policy and space in the sociology of education. This paper analyses the relationships between educational policy change, in the form of the "Excellence in cities" policy initiative, and urban change in inner London. I propose, and apply, a framework for a spatialised policy analysis…

  13. "Doi Moi" (Renovation) and Higher Education Reform in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thanh, Pham Thi Hong

    2011-01-01

    Vietnam has experienced significant social, economic, political, and educational changes during the last two decades since the "Doi Moi" policy was implemented. To respond to new requirements required by the global economy, Vietnamese education has undergone remarkable reforms. This article critically examines these reforms in three areas:…

  14. Get the Lead Out (Prevention, Intervention and Renovation).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Dept. of Public Health, Springfield.

    Three brochures offer guidelines on preventing lead poisoning in children, lowering lead blood levels in children, and safely removing leaded paint from homes. The brochure on prevention of lead poisoning explains sources of lead, how lead affects a child, the importance of screening a child for lead poisoning, and ways to protect a child from…

  15. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the facility including the size (square meters and number of floors), age, and present and prior use... facility components at the beginning, middle, and end of each workday and keep daily temperature...

  16. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the facility including the size (square meters and number of floors), age, and present and prior use... facility components at the beginning, middle, and end of each workday and keep daily temperature...

  17. Moving Sustainability Forward: Energy Efficient Renovations and Solar Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Bill

    2011-01-01

    For any goal to be a "smart goal" it needs to be specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time sensitive. This is equally true for sustainability goals for educational facilities. Evidence abounds that "green strategies" greatly impact both the academic and operational performance of a school. Agencies from the U.S. Environmental Protection…

  18. Renovating Home Furnishings, Home and Family Education: 2781.01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linden, Janice

    The course examines the tools, materials, and basic principles used in reupholstering furniture. Techniques involved in using equipment, dismantling furniture, constructing the foundation, making the muslin cover, planning and preparing the platform and covering, and attaching loose wood panels are some of the operations dealt with in the course.…

  19. Renovating and Reconstructing in Phases--Specifying Phased Construction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunzick, John

    2002-01-01

    Discusses planning for phased school construction projects, including effects on occupancy (for example, construction adjacent to occupied space, construction procedure safety zones near occupied areas, and code-complying means of egress), effects on building systems (such as heating and cooling equipment and power distribution), and contract…

  20. Renovation of HEPnet-J for near-future experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, Soh Y.; Yuasa, Fukuko; Nakamura, Tomoaki; Hara, Takanori

    2015-12-01

    Originally HEPnet-J had only one instance that is connected to Internet as the network connectivity by campus network of institutes in Japan was very limited, so the main purpose of HEPnet-J was providing enough connectivity for interactive use on domestic and international links funded by KEK. In last 10 years, the domestic and international connectivity provided by NRENs have been dramatically improved and they are enough for manual transfer of typical skimmed data files. Therefore, HEPnet-J has many closed networks that connect domestic sites related to specific projects, in order to access them on computer farms in private networks in their home institutes. The rapid growth of data volume makes it unable to apply same model to new generation experiments. As the tier structure for LHC computing sites has proved that the distributed computing model over collaboration sites is really applicable to the huge scale experiment, the external connectivity for international collaboration sites should be faster and secure. For example, the Belle II experiment in KEK will have many repositories in U.S. and EU. The expected throughput from KEK to U.S. is about 20 Gbps, thus it need the bypass of slow security devices like a firewall. Now bypass lines for Belle II are prepared and under tasting. This article reports the brief history of HEPnet- J and recent changes for project-specific networks.

  1. Small Schools and Savings: Affordable New Construction, Renovation and Remodeling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Public Education Association, New York, NY.

    "Small Schools and Savings" rebuts the presumption that capital costs of school planning and construction render small schools uncompetitively expensive. Specific options are outlined that can help small schools be cost effective. The false logic of borrowing economies-of-scale arguments from the factory model and applying them to building schools…

  2. 75 FR 39524 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre-Renovation Education Activities in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-09

    ... Target Housing and Child Occupied Facilities; State of Oregon. Notice of Self-Certification Program... means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your...) of TSCA, and submitted a self-certification that these programs are at least as protective as...

  3. Apoyando La Energia Sostenible Para Todos (Spanish Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2012-06-01

    The Clean Energy Solutions Center, an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial and UN-Energy, helps governments design and adopt policies and programs that support the deployment of transformational low-carbon technologies. The Solutions Center serves as a first-stop clearinghouse of clean energy policy reports, data, and tools and provides expert assistance and peer-to-peer learning forums. This factsheet highlights key Solutions Center offerings, including 'ask an expert' assistance on clean energy policy matters, training and peer learning, and technical resources for policy makers worldwide.

  4. Servicos Do Centro De Solucoes De Energia Limpa (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-06-01

    This is the Portuguese translation of the Clean Energy Solutions Center Services fact sheet. The Solutions Center helps governments, advisors and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. The Solutions Center partners with international organizations to provide online training, expert assistance, and technical resources on clean energy policy.

  5. Opciones de cirugía para mujeres con CDIS o con cáncer de seno- página de publicaciones

    Cancer.gov

    Contiene información sobre los tipos de cirugía de seno, como la operación para conservar el seno y la mastectomía, y ayuda a las mujeres diagnosticadas con CDIS o con cáncer de seno a decidir cuál cirugía es la más conveniente para ellas.

  6. 40 CFR 61.150 - Standard for waste disposal for manufacturing, fabricating, demolition, renovation, and spraying...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... using warning labels specified by Occupational Safety and Health Standards of the Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) under 29 CFR 1910.1001(j)(4) or 1926.1101(k)(8). The... Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION...

  7. 16 CFR 1632.63 - Policy clarification on renovation of mattress.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF MATTRESSES AND MATTRESS PADS (FF 4-72, AMENDED... Flammability of Mattresses, as amended (FF 4-72) (subpart A of this part), issued pursuant to the act,...

  8. 16 CFR 1632.63 - Policy clarification on renovation of mattress.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF MATTRESSES AND MATTRESS PADS (FF 4-72, AMENDED... Flammability of Mattresses, as amended (FF 4-72) (subpart A of this part), issued pursuant to the act,...

  9. 16 CFR 1632.63 - Policy clarification on renovation of mattress.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF MATTRESSES AND MATTRESS PADS (FF 4-72, AMENDED... Flammability of Mattresses, as amended (FF 4-72) (subpart A of this part), issued pursuant to the act,...

  10. Building, Expanding and Renovating Public Schools in Massachusetts: A Brief Owner's Guide to the Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finney, David

    This paper describes general educational facility improvement planing principles and how factors peculiar to Massachusetts affect the planning process, including a description of the roles of the owner, architect, and other building professionals. Chapters examine the first steps in school planning, the role of the architect in preliminary…

  11. A Major E-Learning Project to Renovate Science Learning Environment in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Chun-Yen; Lee, Greg

    2010-01-01

    This article summarizes a major e-Learning project recently funded by the National Science Council of Taiwan and envisions some of the future research directions in this area. This project intends to initiate the "Center for excellence in e-Learning Sciences (CeeLS): i[superscript 4] future learning environment" at the National Taiwan Normal…

  12. Substance use disorders and HIV in Vietnam since Doi Moi (Renovation): an overview.

    PubMed

    Giang, Le Minh; Ngoc, Lung Bich; Hoang, Vu Huy; Mulvey, Kevin; Rawson, Richard A

    2013-12-01

    Drawing from published and gray literature, this manuscript focuses on the following topics: (1) changing patterns of substance use and abuse in Vietnam since the early 1990s; (2) the roles of substance use in the HIV epidemic; (3) the responses of the Vietnamese government and other entities (both domestic and international) to substance use disorders (SUDs) and HIV; and (4) the current research capacity in Vietnam and ways in which furthering research in Vietnam could enrich our knowledge of the linkages between SUDs and HIV and of effective measures to reduce their public health consequences. A growing number of studies during the past two decades show dynamic and still evolving twin epidemics of SUDs and HIV in Vietnam, including a shift from consumption of opium to heroin and amphetamine-type stimulants, the concurrent use of drugs, and the increasing embrace by the government of internationally recognized effective responses (including harm reduction and methadone substitution therapy). And yet, remaining issues, such as the rapid ascendance of amphetamine-type stimulant use among the country's most vulnerable populations, the lack of effective integration of SUD and HIV services for HIV-infected drug users, and the reliance on international resources for maintaining quality services, among others, are posing challenges for building sustainable Vietnamese responses. Therefore, building local research and training capacity is a crucial foundation to meet these challenges.

  13. Health Impact Assessment(HIA)of Building Renovations at Gerena Community School, Springfield, Massachusetts

    EPA Science Inventory

    The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has conducted an HIA at the German Gerena Community School in Springfield, MA. HIA is a six-step systematic process that uses an array of data sources, analytic methods and stakeholder input to determine the potential health effects of...

  14. Public Relations Education in a Time of Change: Suggestions for Academic Relocation and Curriculum Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Dirk C.

    Public relations education is frequently criticized as being misdirected and incapable of imparting necessary job skills. This essay argues that contemporary public relations training overemphasizes print journalism at the expense of managerial skills and social science theory. Further, traditional justifications for journalism-based public…

  15. Assessment of Airborne Exposures and Health in Flooded Homes Undergoing Renovation

    PubMed Central

    Hoppe, Kimberly A.; Metwali, Nervana; Perry, Sarah Spencer; Hart, Tom; Kostle, Pamela A.; Thorne, Peter S.

    2012-01-01

    In June 2008, the Cedar River crested flooding more than 5,000 Cedar Rapids homes. Residents whose homes were flooded were invited to participate in this study. Household assessments and resident interviews were conducted between November 2008 and April 2009. We characterized exposures and symptoms experienced by individuals inhabiting 73 flood-damaged homes. Active air sampling and passive electrostatic dust collectors were used to assess exposures to: culturable mold, culturable bacteria, fungal spores, inhalable particulate matter (iPM), endotoxin, glucans, allergens, lead, asbestos, radon, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. Wall moisture levels and relative humidity were also measured. Exposures and questionnaire-based health assessments were compared at two levels of remediation, in-progress and completed. Homes with remediation in-progress (n=24), as compared to the completed homes (n=49), had significantly higher airborne concentrations of mold, bacteria, iPM, endotoxin and glucan. Residents of in-progress homes had a significantly higher prevalence of doctor diagnosed allergies (adjusted OR=3.08; 95%CI: 1.05–9.02) and all residents had elevated prevalence of self-reported wheeze (adjusted OR=3.77; 95%CI: 2.06–6.92) and prescription medication use for breathing problems (adjusted OR=1.38; 95%CI: 1.01–1.88) after the flood as compared to before. Proper post-flood remediation led to improved air quality and lower exposures among residents living in flooded homes. PMID:22519834

  16. Repairing and Renovating Aging School Facilities. ERIC Digest Series Number EA28.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klauke, Amy

    Recent influxes of baby boomers coupled with state reforms reducing student-teacher ratios are stretching the limits on available school facilities across the country. Several aspects of the school facilities issue are covered in question-and-answer format; (1) What is the current status of aging school buildings? (2) What are the financial…

  17. 76 FR 8395 - Issuance of a Presidential Permit Authorizing the Expansion, Renovation, Operation, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-14

    ... 11423, 33 FR 11741 (1963), as amended by Executive Order 12847 of May 17, 1993, 58 FR 29511 (1993), Executive Order 13284 of January 23, 2003, 68 FR 4075 (2003), and Executive Order 13337 of April 30, 2004, 69 FR 25299 (2004) and Department of State Delegation of Authority number 118-2 of January 26,...

  18. Laboratory Development and Lecture Renovation for a Science of Food and Cooking Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miles, Deon T.; Borchardt, Adrienne C.

    2014-01-01

    Several years ago, a new nonscience majors course, The Science of Food and Cooking, was developed at our institution. The course covered basic scientific concepts that would normally be discussed in a typical introductory chemistry course, in the context of food and food preparation. Recently, the course has been revamped in three major ways: (1)…

  19. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES... distribution of lead hazard information to owners and occupants of target housing and child-occupied facilities... sampling to be performed by a certified lead-based paint inspector or risk assessor. (ii) Procedures...

  20. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES... distribution of lead hazard information to owners and occupants of target housing and child-occupied facilities... distributing the lead hazard information to owners and occupants of housing and child-occupied facilities...

  1. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES... distribution of lead hazard information to owners and occupants of target housing and child-occupied facilities... sampling to be performed by a certified lead-based paint inspector or risk assessor. (ii) Procedures...

  2. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES... distribution of lead hazard information to owners and occupants of target housing and child-occupied facilities... distributing the lead hazard information to owners and occupants of housing and child-occupied facilities...

  3. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES... distribution of lead hazard information to owners and occupants of target housing and child-occupied facilities... sampling to be performed by a certified lead-based paint inspector or risk assessor. (ii) Procedures...

  4. 16 CFR 1632.63 - Policy clarification on renovation of mattress.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF MATTRESSES AND MATTRESS PADS (FF 4-72, AMENDED... Flammability of Mattresses, as amended (FF 4-72) (subpart A of this part), issued pursuant to the act,...

  5. Using gas chromatography for indoor-air quality control in conservation and renovation studios.

    PubMed

    Ligor, Tomasz; Gorczyca, Piotr; Buszewski, Bogusław

    2005-01-01

    Investigations were carried out in the Department of Conservation of Painting and Polychrome Sculpture and in the Screen Printing Studio of the Faculty of Art at Nicolaus Copernicus University. Concentration of the vapours of organic solvents was measured in 2 workshops: the Art Conservation Studio and the Screen Printing Studio. This study attempts to evaluate the work environment in both studios by analysing the concentration of vapour solvents over 5 to 7 years of measurements. Volatile solvents--aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, esters and ketones--were detected in investigated workplaces. These compounds have a wide range of applications in cleaning and removing old varnishes, lacquers and paints; inhalation is the main route of exposure. Vapour was collected using an active sampling method.

  6. Policy Rhetoric and the Renovation of English Schooling: The Case of Creative Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ken; Thomson, Pat

    2008-01-01

    Facing difficulties in the implementation of its "standards" agenda, the English government has recently introduced a set of policy strategies and initiatives which seek to promote enjoyment, innovation and creativity in education. One such initiative is Creative Partnerships (CP). Funded predominantly from the Arts portfolio, CP brings creative…

  7. Possibilities of Heat Pump Integration for the Renovation of Dwelling Houses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinaitis, Vytautas; Siupsinskas, Giedrius

    2011-01-01

    The technical solutions for the installation of heat pumps in individual houses are well known, but its integration in the existing systems in dwelling houses is not common. Heat pump technology is referred to as renewable but would have technical, economic and environmental impact on the whole existing heat supply system in a dwelling house. The aim of this article is to investigate the possibility of using heat pumps for supplying heat to the existing residential buildings. This article examines the possibilities to supplement the engineering systems with additional heat pumps. The smallest heat pump end-user group is the dwelling stairwell. The possibility to use heat pumps in a separate apartment has not been analysed. This article analyses the integration of heat pumps for residential heat supply in the building. The primary heat source is the exhaust air or wastewater. All calculations have been made for several real existing dwelling houses in Birštonas town (Lithuania) within the framework of the CONCERTO Eco-Life project. The analysis also provides economic and environmental assessment of the alternatives. This research was supported by EC FP7 CONCERTO program ("Sustainable Zero Carbon ECO-Town Developments Improving Quality of Life across EU - ECO-Life" (ECO-Life Project) Contract No. TREN/FP7EN/239497/"ECOLIFE").

  8. Energy Renovations: Volume 14: HVAC - A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners

    SciTech Connect

    Gilbride, Theresa L.; Baechler, Michael C.; Hefty, Marye G.; Hand, James R.; Love, Pat M.

    2011-08-29

    This report was prepared by PNNL for DOE's Building America program and is intended as a guide that energy performance contractors can share with homeowners to describe various energy-efficient options for heating, cooling, and ventilating existing homes. The report provides descriptions of many common and not-so-common HVAC systems, including their advantages and disadvantages, efficiency ranges and characteristics of high-performance models, typical costs, and climate considerations. The report also provides decision trees and tables of useful information for homeowners who are making decisions about adding, replacing, or upgrading existing HVAC equipment in their homes. Information regarding home energy performance assessments (audits) and combustion safety issues when replacing HVAC equipment are also provided.

  9. Historic Buildings of the Warsaw University of Technology - Selected Issues of Renovation, Modernisation and Adaptation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagner, Anna Agata

    2016-06-01

    The historic buildings of the Warsaw University of Technology display not only outstanding architectural values, but are also representative of the trends in preservation, restoration, and adaptation that were prevalent at the time of their modernization. The post-war rebuilding of the WUT was more akin to modernization than reconstruction. But the freedom to shape modern architectural forms in the 1960s and '70s brought with it a lack of respect for their historic environment. A change in the approach to historic buildings and their integration with modern architecture came in the late 1970s. The most recent modernization of the WUT's historic buildings, especially after Poland's accession to the EU, resulted in many good examples of proper, harmonious integration between the `modern' and the `traditional'.

  10. Indoor Multi-Sensor Acquisition System for Projects on Energy Renovation of Buildings.

    PubMed

    Armesto, Julia; Sánchez-Villanueva, Claudio; Patiño-Cambeiro, Faustino; Patiño-Barbeito, Faustino

    2016-05-28

    Energy rehabilitation actions in buildings have become a great economic opportunity for the construction sector. They also constitute a strategic goal in the European Union (EU), given the energy dependence and the compromises with climate change of its member states. About 75% of existing buildings in the EU were built when energy efficiency codes had not been developed. Approximately 75% to 90% of those standing buildings are expected to remain in use in 2050. Significant advances have been achieved in energy analysis, simulation tools, and computer fluid dynamics for building energy evaluation. However, the gap between predictions and real savings might still be improved. Geomatics and computer science disciplines can really help in modelling, inspection, and diagnosis procedures. This paper presents a multi-sensor acquisition system capable of automatically and simultaneously capturing the three-dimensional geometric information, thermographic, optical, and panoramic images, ambient temperature map, relative humidity map, and light level map. The system integrates a navigation system based on a Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) approach that allows georeferencing every data to its position in the building. The described equipment optimizes the energy inspection and diagnosis steps and facilitates the energy modelling of the building.

  11. Energy Renovations: Volume 17: Insulation - A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, Michael C.; Adams, Karen; Hefty, Marye G.; Gilbride, Theresa L.; Love, Pat M.

    2012-05-15

    This report was prepared by PNNL for DOE's Building America program and is intended as a guide that energy performance contractors can share with homeowners to describe various insulation options for improving the energy performance and comfort of existing homes. The report provides descriptions of many common insulation types, including their advantages and disadvantages, R-values, characteristics, and typical uses. The report also describes potentially hazardous products such as asbestos and formaldehyde and safety issues when conducting energy-efficient upgrades including radon. The guide is available for download at the DOE Building America website, www.buildingamerica.gov.

  12. La main à la pate: the French endeavour to renovate science education in primary schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    di Folco, E.; Léna, P.

    2005-11-01

    Since almost 10 years, the French operation "La main à la pate" has developed a broad network of teachers, trainers and scientists not only in France but through world-wide collaborations to reconcile children and teachers with science. Inquiry-based science teaching has proven to be highly efficient in revitalizing science education in primary schools. Focussing on interdisciplinary activities -including physics and astronomy, several exciting projects have been developed, which involve hundreds of schools at international scale and propose simple scientific activities for young pupils. Two ongoing projects, "Europe of discoveries" and "In the footsteps of Eratosthenes" will be presented as well as the renewed teaching method based on the process of investigation and the fundamental questioning attitude.

  13. The Emergence of Speech Organizers in Renovated Language: The Case of Hebrew Void Pragmatic Connectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Even-Zohar, Itamar

    The idea that "natural speech" as well as written discourse can be organized is now commonly accepted. There is also evidence that natural speech contains more coherence indicators than written texts do. This article proposes that one type of organizer, pragmatic connectives such as "therefore, then, thus, while, however, but" that have become…

  14. Privilege in Parentheses: A Reader's Renovated Place in Ricardo Piglia's "Plata quemada"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schulenburg, Chris T.

    2012-01-01

    As the newspaper continues to lose ground to a multitude of internet discourses, the role of intellectuals as a voice of opposition to hegemonic sources receives ever more intense scrutiny. In particular, the novel "Plata quemada" (1997) by the Argentine novelist Ricardo Piglia presents this intellectual dilemma and its newfound opportunities in…

  15. `Old-New' Mining Towns - Examples of the Renovation and Adaptation of Post-Industrial Objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Langer, Piotr

    2016-06-01

    Poland's economic transformation has proved to be a critical phase in the contemporary development of its industrial cities, initiating profound spatial and functional changes. In researching the basics of the development of `post-industrial' cities, it can be seen that the work undertaken is focused on reusing post-industrial buildings and objects. This results not only in functional changes in the appearance and condition of the transformed structures, but also preserves or destroys their authenticity and historical identity. This problem is linked with several phenomena, including `aware inactivity', `destructive adaptation', and `false revitalization'.

  16. Building America Energy Renovations. A Business Case for Home Performance Contracting

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, Michael C.; Antonopoulos, C. A.; Sevigny, M.; Gilbride, T. L.; Hefty, M. G.

    2012-10-01

    This research report gives an overview of the needs and opportunities that exist in the U.S. home performance contracting industry. The report discusses industry trends, market drivers, different business models, and points of entry for existing and new businesses hoping to enter the home performance contracting industry. Case studies of eight companies who successfully entered the industry are provided, including business metrics, start-up costs, and marketing approaches.

  17. 75 FR 25037 - Lead; Clearance and Clearance Testing Requirements for the Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... paint through high-speed operation, such as power sanders or abrasive blasters, this proposal would also... material, such as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket materials are available electronically at http://www.regulations.gov , or, if only available...

  18. 76 FR 47155 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile-Driving and Renovation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ... attenuation rate assumes a low level of environmental damping due to non-forest vegetation, structures... on July 23, 2010. On May 18, 2011, NMFS published a notice in the Federal Register (76 FR 28733... on Trinidad Bay, is an antiquated structure that requires reconstruction in order to maintain...

  19. 76 FR 28733 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile-Driving and Renovation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-18

    ... environmental damping due to non-forest vegetation, structures, topography, etc. and corresponds to the rate... Activities The Trinidad Pier, located on Trinidad Bay, is an antiquated structure that requires... existing structure. The 165 m (540 ft) long pier is located on tidelands granted by the State of...

  20. Renovate Right: Important Lead Hazard Information for Families, Child Care Providers and Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Environmental Protection Agency, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Lead can affect children's brains and developing nervous systems, causing reduced IQ, learning disabilities, and behavioral problems. Lead is also harmful to adults. Lead in dust is the most common way people are exposed to lead. People can also get lead in their bodies from lead in soil or paint chips. Lead dust is often invisible. Lead-based…

  1. Indoor Multi-Sensor Acquisition System for Projects on Energy Renovation of Buildings.

    PubMed

    Armesto, Julia; Sánchez-Villanueva, Claudio; Patiño-Cambeiro, Faustino; Patiño-Barbeito, Faustino

    2016-01-01

    Energy rehabilitation actions in buildings have become a great economic opportunity for the construction sector. They also constitute a strategic goal in the European Union (EU), given the energy dependence and the compromises with climate change of its member states. About 75% of existing buildings in the EU were built when energy efficiency codes had not been developed. Approximately 75% to 90% of those standing buildings are expected to remain in use in 2050. Significant advances have been achieved in energy analysis, simulation tools, and computer fluid dynamics for building energy evaluation. However, the gap between predictions and real savings might still be improved. Geomatics and computer science disciplines can really help in modelling, inspection, and diagnosis procedures. This paper presents a multi-sensor acquisition system capable of automatically and simultaneously capturing the three-dimensional geometric information, thermographic, optical, and panoramic images, ambient temperature map, relative humidity map, and light level map. The system integrates a navigation system based on a Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) approach that allows georeferencing every data to its position in the building. The described equipment optimizes the energy inspection and diagnosis steps and facilitates the energy modelling of the building. PMID:27240379

  2. Indoor Multi-Sensor Acquisition System for Projects on Energy Renovation of Buildings

    PubMed Central

    Armesto, Julia; Sánchez-Villanueva, Claudio; Patiño-Cambeiro, Faustino; Patiño-Barbeito, Faustino

    2016-01-01

    Energy rehabilitation actions in buildings have become a great economic opportunity for the construction sector. They also constitute a strategic goal in the European Union (EU), given the energy dependence and the compromises with climate change of its member states. About 75% of existing buildings in the EU were built when energy efficiency codes had not been developed. Approximately 75% to 90% of those standing buildings are expected to remain in use in 2050. Significant advances have been achieved in energy analysis, simulation tools, and computer fluid dynamics for building energy evaluation. However, the gap between predictions and real savings might still be improved. Geomatics and computer science disciplines can really help in modelling, inspection, and diagnosis procedures. This paper presents a multi-sensor acquisition system capable of automatically and simultaneously capturing the three-dimensional geometric information, thermographic, optical, and panoramic images, ambient temperature map, relative humidity map, and light level map. The system integrates a navigation system based on a Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) approach that allows georeferencing every data to its position in the building. The described equipment optimizes the energy inspection and diagnosis steps and facilitates the energy modelling of the building. PMID:27240379

  3. Substance use disorders and HIV in Vietnam since Doi Moi (Renovation): an overview.

    PubMed

    Giang, Le Minh; Ngoc, Lung Bich; Hoang, Vu Huy; Mulvey, Kevin; Rawson, Richard A

    2013-12-01

    Drawing from published and gray literature, this manuscript focuses on the following topics: (1) changing patterns of substance use and abuse in Vietnam since the early 1990s; (2) the roles of substance use in the HIV epidemic; (3) the responses of the Vietnamese government and other entities (both domestic and international) to substance use disorders (SUDs) and HIV; and (4) the current research capacity in Vietnam and ways in which furthering research in Vietnam could enrich our knowledge of the linkages between SUDs and HIV and of effective measures to reduce their public health consequences. A growing number of studies during the past two decades show dynamic and still evolving twin epidemics of SUDs and HIV in Vietnam, including a shift from consumption of opium to heroin and amphetamine-type stimulants, the concurrent use of drugs, and the increasing embrace by the government of internationally recognized effective responses (including harm reduction and methadone substitution therapy). And yet, remaining issues, such as the rapid ascendance of amphetamine-type stimulant use among the country's most vulnerable populations, the lack of effective integration of SUD and HIV services for HIV-infected drug users, and the reliance on international resources for maintaining quality services, among others, are posing challenges for building sustainable Vietnamese responses. Therefore, building local research and training capacity is a crucial foundation to meet these challenges. PMID:25278736

  4. On house renovation and coauthoring: tricks of the trade to boost your h-index

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Piazza, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    Suppose that your house needs some restoration, and that you call a master mason asking for an estimate. If the mason replies at once that he will quote 1000 € for himself, plus 500 € for each helper apprentice, you will likely be puzzled, if not annoyed. Surely you have good reasons to complain, reasoning that the job you ask for should be remunerated with a fixed amount, irrespective of the number of labourers involved. Yet, this is not a criterion that we usually apply when evaluating the CV of an applicant for an academic position or for a grant.

  5. 16 CFR 1632.63 - Policy clarification on renovation of mattress.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF MATTRESSES AND MATTRESS PADS (FF 4-72, AMENDED... Flammability of Mattresses, as amended (FF 4-72) (subpart A of this part), issued pursuant to the act,...

  6. Allocation of State Funds for Construction and Renovation of Schools in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Mary Beth; Sjoquist, David L.

    1996-01-01

    Examines Georgia's model capital outlay program for public schools. Despite the current program's many positive aspects, incentives provided to local school districts can lead to inefficiencies, contradictions, and inequities for districts with older physical plants. The program also contains an incentive to use debt financing, rather than…

  7. Analisis de las distribuciones espectrales de energia de nucleos pre-estelares

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saldano, H. P.; Gómez, M. N.

    In this contribution we present the Spectral Energy Distributions (SEDs) modeling of 4 massive stellar objects; in their initial evolutionary stages; obtained from the 1.2 mm catalogue of Beltran_2006 Beltran_2006. The Herschel images at 70 - 500 m; combined with those obtained by WISE; allow us to build the SEDs. We use the code of Whitney_2003a Whitney_2003a to model them. For the youngest objects; instead; we apply a simple modified black body model. We estimate the envelope circumstellar parameters which characterize these massive stars and identify the evolutionary stage of each object according to the sequence proposed by Chambers_2009 Chambers_2009. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  8. Renewable Energy for Rural Health Clinics (Energia Removable para Centros de Salud Rurales)

    SciTech Connect

    Jimenez, A. C.; Olson, K.

    1998-09-01

    This guide provides a broad understanding of the technical, social, and organizational aspects of health clinic electrification, especially through the use of renewable energy sources. It is intended to be used primarily by decision makers within governments or private agencies to accurately assess their health clinic's needs, select appropriate and cost-effective technologies to meet those needs, and to put into place effective infrastructure to install and maintain the hardware. This is the first in a series of rural applications guidebooks that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Village Power Program is commissioning to couple commercial renewable systems with rural applications. The guidebooks are complemented by NREL's Village Power Program's development activities, international pilot projects, and visiting professionals program. For more information on the NREL Village Power Program, visit the Renewables for Sustainable Village Power web site at http://www.rsvp.nrel .gov/rsvp/.

  9. Servicios del Centro de Soluciones Para la Energia Limpia (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    This is the Spanish translation of the Clean Energy Solutions Center Services fact sheet. The Clean Energy Solutions Center (Solutions Center) helps governments, advisors and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. The Solutions Center partners with international organizations to provide online training, expert assistance, and technical resources on clean energy policy.

  10. Book of Renovations. A Compilation of Drawings Depicting the Most Common Problems and Solutions to Renovating Existing Buildings and Facilities to Make Them Accessible to and Usable by People with Physical Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Bruce H., Ed.

    This booklet presents a compilation of ideas and illustrations intended to solve many accessibility problems of physically handicapped persons using older buildings and facilities which were built before legislation and regulations mandating accessibility for disabled persons were passed. The solutions pictured in the booklet are intended to meet…

  11. Comparison of Limulus assay, standard plate count, and total coliform count for microbiological assessment of renovated wastewater.

    PubMed

    Jorgensen, J H; Lee, J C; Alexander, G A; Wolf, H W

    1979-05-01

    The Limulus endotoxin assay was compared to the standard plate count and total coliform count for assessment of the bacteriological quality of reclaimed wastewater. A total of 48 water samples from an advanced waste treatment plant in Dallas, Tex. were examined by the three techniques. Limulus assays were technically simpler to perform and provided results much sooner than conventional culture methods. However, the endotoxin values did not correlate extremely well with determinations of viable bacterial numbers. This lack of correlation may have been due to alterations in the normal ratio of viable gram-negative cells to endotoxin caused by water reclamation procedures.

  12. Compressed Air System Renovation Project Improves Production at a Food Processing Facility (Mead-Johnson Nutritionals, Bristol-Myers Squib)

    SciTech Connect

    2001-06-01

    This case study is one in a series on industrial firms who are implementing energy efficient technologies and system improvements into their manufacturing processes. This case study documents the activities, savings, and lessons learned on the food processing facility project.

  13. The Maintenance Gap: Deferred Repair and Renovation in the Nation's Elementary and Secondary Schools. A Joint Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of the Great City Schools, Washington, DC.

    Data from 100 school systems in 34 states show that public schools are in a state of critical disrepair. The physical deterioration of the schools is the result of a variety of factors--including the rapid increase in energy prices, state tax and expenditure limitation measures, and health and safety requirements--that have reduced spending for…

  14. “Hike up yer Skirt, and Quit.” What Motivates and Supports Smoking Cessation in Builders and Renovators

    PubMed Central

    Bondy, Susan J.; Bercovitz, Kim L.

    2013-01-01

    Construction-related occupations have very high smoking prevalence rates and are an identified priority population for efforts to promote cessation. This study sought to identify the smoking cessation supports and services which best suited this workforce group, and to identify gaps in reach of preventive health services. We performed qualitative text analysis on pre-existing conversations about smoking cessation among workers in this sector. The material appeared on a discussion forum about residential construction from 1998 and 2011. Roughly 250 unique user names appeared in these discussions. The qualitative analysis addressed knowledge, motivation, environmental influences, and positive and negative experiences with supports for cessation. Self-identified smokers tended to want to quit and described little social value in smoking. Actual quit attempts were attributed to aging and tangible changes in health and fitness. Peer-to-peer social support for cessation was evident. Advice given was to avoid cigarettes and smokers, to focus on personal skills, personal commitment, and the benefits of cessation (beyond the harms from smoking). Many discussants had received medical support for cessation, but behavioural counselling services appeared underutilized. Our findings support efforts toward more complete bans on workplace smoking and increased promotion of available behavioural support services among dispersed blue-collar workers. PMID:23380914

  15. 75 FR 78336 - Finding of No Significant Impact From the Expansion, Renovation, Operation and Maintenance of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-15

    ...-Mexico border. See 75 FR 14487 (March 25, 2010). The Nogales Land Port of Entry (LPOE) was constructed in... General Services Administration has previously published in the Federal Register (74 FR 30090FR 74, No... (diesel with 15 parts per million or less) in engines where alternative fuels such as biodiesel...

  16. Renovation of the fixing and loading factors of the beam by the spectral data of free flexural vibrations

    SciTech Connect

    Akhymbek, Meiram Erkanatuly; Yessirkegenov, Nurgissa Amankeldiuly; Sadybekov, Makhmud Abdysametovich

    2015-09-18

    In the current paper, the problem of bending vibrations of a beam in which the binding on the right end is unknown and not available for visual inspection is studied. The main objective is to study an inverse problem: find additional unknown boundary conditions by additional spectral data, i.e., the conditions of fixing the right end of the rod. In this work, unlike many other works, as such additional conditions we choose the first natural frequencies (eigenvalues) of two new problems corresponding to the problem of bending vibrations of a beam with loads of different weights at the central point.

  17. From Corporate Social Responsibility, through Entrepreneurial Orientation, to Knowledge Sharing: A Study in Cai Luong (Renovated Theatre) Theatre Companies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuan, Luu Trong

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to examine the role of antecedents such as corporate social responsibility (CSR) and entrepreneurial orientation in the chain effect to knowledge sharing among members of Cai Luong theatre companies in the Vietnamese context. Knowledge sharing contributes to the depth of the knowledge pool of both the individuals and the…

  18. 75 FR 51808 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting Activities in Target Housing and Child Occupied...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ... Facilities; State of Rhode Island and State of Massachusetts. Notice of Self-Certification Program... Control Act (TSCA), 15 U.S.C. 2684(a), and 40 CFR 745.324(d)(2), to administer and enforce requirements..., identified by docket control number, EPA-R01-OPPT- 2010-0470 must be received on or before October 7,...

  19. 75 FR 13127 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting Activities in Target Housing and Child Occupied...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... Facilities; State of Iowa. Notice of Self-Certification Program Authorization, Request for Public Comment... Control Act (TSCA), 15 U.S.C. 2684(a), and 40 CFR 745.324(d)(2), to administer and enforce requirements... control number EPA-R07-OPPT-2010- 0155, must be received on or before May 3, 2010. In addition, a...

  20. Mold and Endotoxin Levels in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina: A Pilot Project of Homes in New Orleans Undergoing Renovation

    PubMed Central

    Chew, Ginger L.; Wilson, Jonathan; Rabito, Felicia A.; Grimsley, Faye; Iqbal, Shahed; Reponen, Tiina; Muilenberg, Michael L.; Thorne, Peter S.; Dearborn, Dorr G.; Morley, Rebecca L.

    2006-01-01

    Background After Hurricane Katrina, many New Orleans homes remained flooded for weeks, promoting heavy microbial growth. Objectives A small demonstration project was conducted November 2005–January 2006 aiming to recommend safe remediation techniques and safe levels of worker protection, and to characterize airborne mold and endotoxin throughout cleanup. Methods Three houses with floodwater lines between 0.3 and 2 m underwent intervention, including disposal of damaged furnishings and drywall, cleaning surfaces, drying remaining structure, and treatment with a biostatic agent. We measured indoor and outdoor bioaerosols before, during, and after intervention. Samples were analyzed for fungi [culture, spore analysis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)] and endotoxin. In one house, real-time particle counts were also assessed, and respirator-efficiency testing was performed to establish workplace protection factors (WPF). Results At baseline, culturable mold ranged from 22,000 to 515,000 colony-forming units/m3, spore counts ranged from 82,000 to 630,000 spores/m3, and endotoxin ranged from 17 to 139 endotoxin units/m3. Culture, spore analysis, and PCR indicated that Penicillium, Aspergillus, and Paecilomyces predominated. After intervention, levels of mold and endotoxin were generally lower (sometimes, orders of magnitude). The average WPF against fungal spores for elastomeric respirators was higher than for the N-95 respirators. Conclusions During baseline and intervention, mold and endotoxin levels were similar to those found in agricultural environments. We strongly recommend that those entering, cleaning, and repairing flood-damaged homes wear respirators at least as protective as elastomeric respirators. Recommendations based on this demonstration will benefit those involved in the current cleanup activities and will inform efforts to respond to future disasters. PMID:17185280

  1. Sugarcane field renovation: influence of tillage and no-tillage in the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Packer, Ana Paula; Degaspari, Iracema A. M.; Ramos, Nilza Patricia; Vilela, Viviane A. A.; do Carmo, Janaina B.; Cabral, Osvaldo M. R.; Rossi, Paulo; de Andrade, Cristiano A.

    2015-04-01

    The management of agricultural soils can play an important role in the greenhouse gases (GHG) balance, depending on the adopted practices. In the agricultural system, current GHG emissions generated by anthropogenic activities include land use, land use change and management practices, which have contributed to disrupt the C and N cycles in terrestrial ecosystems. The GHG (CO2, N2O and CH4) emissions from agricultural soils depend on the biophysical processes, and the incorporation/decomposition of organic residues. Agricultural soils preparation requires a combination of several implements, which can produce great soil disturbance as is the case of conventional tillage or minimum soil mobilization in the reduced tillage or no-tillage. Tillage breaks soil aggregates leading to enhanced organic matter decomposition and reduced C and N concentrations and no-tillage increases the stability of soil macroaggregates, reducing the emissions of CO2. In this study, we evaluated the CO2 emissions from different management practices widely used in the renewal of sugarcane fields previously planted with soybean, in an Acric Oxisol plantation in the southeast region of Brazil. The conventional tillage (CT) operation consisted of an offset disk harrowing using a tool with 36 disks x 26" and a subsoiling with an implement reaching nearly 50 cm depth. The reduced tillage (RT) was carried out with subsoiling operation in the row planting and in the no-tillage (NT), the soybean trash from the last harvest was left on the soil. The soil preparation and the establishment of four experimental plots (30 m x 30 m each) occurred within two days. During the studied period, two CO2 and N2O emission peaks were observed after the soil preparation, the first one on day 4 and the second on day 35 after a 55 mm rain. The cumulative emissions were measured during 40 days after soil preparation. We observed higher emissions in the conventional tillage (CT), and lower values in the reduced tillage (approximately 10%) and non-tillage (approximately 20%) areas. Considering the expansion of sugarcane area in 320,000 hectares during the next sugarcane season (2014/2015), the NT management practice compared to the CT could reduce the emissions of CO2 and N2O in approximately 0.2 - 0.6 T g of CO2 eq.

  2. Building America Best Practices Series. Volume 17 - Energy Renovations-Insulation: A Guide for Contractors to Share With Homeowners

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, Michael C.; Adams, K. T.; Hefty, M. G.; Gilbride, T. L.; Love, Pat M.

    2012-05-01

    This guide will help contractors and homeowners identify ways to make their homes more comfortable, more energy efficient, and healthier to live in. It also identifies the steps to take, with the help of a qualified home performance contractor, to increase their home’s insulation, ensure healthy levels of ventilation, and prevent moisture problems. Contractors can use this document to explain the value of these insulation measures to their customers. The references in this document provide further explanation of insulation techniques and technologies.

  3. Innovation with Change: Developing a Community of Practice to Help Teachers Move beyond the '"Honeymoon" of Pedagogical Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodyear, Victoria A.; Casey, Ashley

    2015-01-01

    Background: Physical education has long been caught in a time of "innovation without change". Yet, despite a wealth of pedagogical innovations and policies, which encourage a reconsideration of the "traditional pedagogy", teachers rarely move beyond the honeymoon period of implementation. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is…

  4. How CLIL Can Provide a Pragmatic Means to Renovate Science Education--Even in a Sub-Optimally Bilingual Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grandinetti, Maria; Langellotti, Margherita; Ting, Y. L. Teresa

    2013-01-01

    This study responds to the Italian Ministry of Education mandate that, starting the 2013-2014 academic year, CLIL be implemented in the "final" year of high school, during content time, by content teachers with C1-level competence in English. This decision raises numerous concerns, at least in Calabria: most content teachers have, at best,…

  5. Proposed renovation of a district cooling plant to optimize the existing distribution system and increase production capacity

    SciTech Connect

    Tredinnick, S.M.

    1998-12-31

    The phaseout of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) production in January 1996 is making district cooling (DC) an increasingly popular alternative to chiller retrofits and replacements. By connecting to a DC system, building owners and managers can focus on issues other than chilled-water production, thus liberating personnel, space, and financial resources for other important functions. A San Diego company has been serving the downtown business district of San Diego with reliable DC service since 1971. The existing system presently serves nine customers and, based on the current system plant pumping configuration, requires modifications in order to handle additional capacity. They are interested in signing on additional customers in the near future but cannot due to the limitations of the existing distribution system. This paper addresses modifications recommended to the company based on a hydraulic analysis and conceptual design completed in June 1995. The results of the analysis increased system distribution capacity from 5,245 tons (19.9 MW{sub th}) to almost 18,000 tons (62.9 MW{sub th}), while maintaining the present pipe system sizes. Investigations to increase plant capacity was not part of the scope of this paper since the focus was on the distribution system.

  6. Outlet works energy dissipators - best practices for design, construction, problem identification and evaluation, inspection, maintenance, renovation, and repair

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    An outlet works is a combination of structures and equipment required for the safe operation and control of water released from a reservoir to serve various purposes like regulating stream flow and water quality; releasing floodwater; and/or providing irrigation, municipal, or industrial water. Out...

  7. Space Unseen: A Case Study of Renovations to a Shared Living Space by Four People with Visual Impairments in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shih, Chih-Ming; Huang, Kuang-Hsu

    2009-01-01

    This case study investigated a shared living space used by four participants with severe visual impairments and their four sighted children. In this case study, the authors discovered that the participants with visual impairments focused on two aspects of design features: tactile and visual. At the same time, they revealed a unique aesthetic…

  8. Estudio de generacion de energia con celdas de combustible con membrana poly diallydimethylammonium chloride (PDADMAC) como polimero de intercambio protonico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nino Galeano, Miguel Angel

    Fuel cells were built with poly diallydimethylammonium chloride or PDADMAC (by its initials in English) as proton exchange membrane and were compared with earlier studies of fuel cells constructed by other methods and / or materials. Also copper, aluminum and nickel were used as electrodes in the electrode membrane ensamble in search of the best performance operational cell. The results of the current were used to justify the use of PDADMAC membranes in 40% volume-volume ratio in different combinations of metals Cu-Al, Ni-Al as electrodes. For the study of conduction performance of membrane electrode ensambles (MEA), copper and aluminum were as cathode and anode for their active behavior as functional electrodes in the experimental cell, walling individually membrane types PDADMAC, PDADMAC + Buffer, PDADMAC + deionized water and PDADMAC + tap water.

  9. 76 FR 67022 - Enhanced-Use Lease (EUL) of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Real Property for the Development...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-28

    ... Pineville, Louisiana. The selected lessee will finance, design, develop, construct, renovate, manage... construct, renovate, operate, and maintain a transitional housing facility; provide preference and...

  10. 76 FR 71440 - Enhanced-Use Lease (EUL) of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Real Property for the Development...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... in Brockton, Massachusetts. The selected lessee will finance, design, develop, construct, renovate... required to construct, renovate, operate, and maintain a permanent housing facility, provide preference...

  11. Alliance for Sustainable Colorado Renovation Raises Its Energy Performance to New Heights, Commercial Building Energy Efficiency (Fact Sheet); Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    SciTech Connect

    2015-03-01

    The Alliance for Sustainable Colorado (The Alliance) is a nonprofit organization aiming to transform sustainability from vision to reality. Part of its mission is to change the operating paradigms of commercial building design to make them more sustainable. Toward that end The Alliance uses its headquarters, The Alliance Center at 1536 Wynkoop Street in Denver, as a living laboratory, conductingpilot studies of innovative commercial-building-design solutions for using and generating energy.

  12. Human umbilical cord blood-mesenchymal stem cells transplantation renovates the ovarian surface epithelium in a rat model of premature ovarian failure: Possible direct and indirect effects.

    PubMed

    Elfayomy, Amr K; Almasry, Shaima M; El-Tarhouny, Shereen A; Eldomiaty, Magda A

    2016-08-01

    This study aimed to isolate mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from human umbilical cord blood (HCB) and to explore their influence on the ovarian epithelium after paclitaxel-induced ovarian failure. Ninety-five rats were divided into 6 groups: control, paclitaxel, paclitaxel and saline, HCB-MSC-treated for 2 weeks, HCB-MSC-treated for 4 weeks, and HCB-MSC-treated for 6 weeks. HCB cells were studied for CD34, CD44, and Oct ¾ using flow cytometry. Serum levels of FSH and E2 were measured using ELISA, RT-PCR analysis for human gene; beta-actin (ACTB), immunohistochemical analysis for CK 8/18, TGF-ß, PCNA and CASP-3 were performed. We found that ACTB gene was expressed in all rats' ovaries received HCB-MSC. After 4 weeks of transplantation, there was significant reduction in FSH, elevation in E2 levels, stabilization of the surface epithelium morphostasis, an increase in the antral follicle count and increase in integrated densities (ID) of CK 8/18, TGF-ß, and PCNA expressions and decrease in ID of CASP-3 expression. We concluded that HCB-MSC can restore the ovarian function after paclitaxel injection through a direct triggering effect on the ovarian epithelium and/or indirect enrichment of ovarian niche through regulating tissue expression of CK 8/18, TGF-ß and PCNA. These molecules are crucial in regulating folliculogenesis and suppressing CASP-3-induced apoptosis.

  13. Soil-phase photodegradation of toxic organics at contaminated disposal sites for soil renovation and ground-water quality protection. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, W.M.; Dupont, R.R.; McLean, J.E.

    1989-08-28

    Accurate assessment of the potential for contaminated soil remediation requires detailed knowledge of the fate of waste constituents within the soil environment. For many non-biodegradable organic compounds, photochemical degradation may provide a potential pathway for the removal of such compounds from soil surfaces. A study was conducted to evaluate the rate of photodegradation of ten hazardous organic compounds from three soils, silica gel, and four soil minerals (kaolinite, montmorillonite, illite, and calcite) under conditions of controlled irradiation. In addition, the effect of six amendment treatments (methylene blue, riboflavin, hydrogen peroxide, diethylamine, peat moss, and silica gel) on the rates of compound loss was also investigated. Under the conditions of the study, soil and mineral type, as well as surface renewal via mixing, were found to have more effect on degradation rates than any of the amendments that were tested.

  14. [Institutional renovation and scientific modernization: the creation of the Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas during the mid-1950s].

    PubMed

    Buschini, José

    2013-12-01

    Using documentary sources, this work analyzes the creation and initial functioning of the Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas (Institute of Hematological Research) of the National Academy of Medicine (Buenos Aires, Argentina) in the context of the scientific modernization initiated within the country during the mid-1950s. Particular attention is paid to the generation of material bases and institutional and cultural mechanisms for the development of scientific research and of clinical practices guided by procedures and techniques rooted in the basic sciences. The formation and development of a research school in the Experimental Leukemia Section of the institute is explored as a case illustrative of the effective consolidation of initiatives oriented towards the organization of a scientific center.

  15. Space transportation propulsion USSR launcher technology, 1990

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    Space transportation propulsion U.S.S.R. launcher technology is discussed. The following subject areas are covered: Energia background (launch vehicle summary, Soviet launcher family) and Energia propulsion characteristics (booster propulsion, core propulsion, and growth capability).

  16. An economic prefeasibility study of geothermal energy development at Platanares, Honduras. Estudio economico de prefactibilidad del desarrollo de energia geotermica en Platanares, Honduras

    SciTech Connect

    Trocki, L.K.

    1989-09-01

    The expected economic benefits from development of a geothermal power plant at Platanares in the Department of Copan, Honduras are evaluated in this report. The economic benefits of geothermal plants ranging in size from a 10-MW plant in the shallow reservoir to a 20-, 30-, 55-, or 110-MW plant in the assumed deeper reservoir were measured by computing optimal expansion plans for each size of geothermal plant. Savings are computed as the difference in present value cost between a plan that contains no geothermal plant and one that does. Present value savings in millions of 1987 dollars range from $25 million for the 10-MW plant to $110 million for the 110-MW plant -- savings of 6% to 25% over the time period 1988 through 2008. 8 refs., 9 figs., 6 tabs.

  17. Enhancement of professional skills to address gender differences at Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, l'energia e l'ambiente (ENEA).

    PubMed

    De Carli, A; Carra, E

    1997-01-01

    ENEA, Italy's national agency charged with research and development in the areas of technology, energy, and the environment, has 3800 employees. Of these, 25% are women, and nearly 50% are researchers (15% women). However, only 2 of 43 top management positions are filled by women, and only 1 of 100 high-level managers is a woman. In addition, women reach the top level of their career an average of 3 years later than men. Studies conducted to uncover the reasons for this sex discrimination and to discern the influence of gender on careers revealed that many changes were required that depended upon matching changes in ENEA's organization and management systems, which could be brought about by communication, diffused leadership, empowerment, and mainstreaming women into the decision-making process. The research has resulted in creation of a prototype management project that will be tested on a sample of approximately 250 employees and will seek to balance the number of women and men at all levels. After this experiment has been conducted, educational efforts will be made to restructure the basic ways ENEA functions. PMID:12294037

  18. Enhancement of professional skills to address gender differences at Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, l'energia e l'ambiente (ENEA).

    PubMed

    De Carli, A; Carra, E

    1997-01-01

    ENEA, Italy's national agency charged with research and development in the areas of technology, energy, and the environment, has 3800 employees. Of these, 25% are women, and nearly 50% are researchers (15% women). However, only 2 of 43 top management positions are filled by women, and only 1 of 100 high-level managers is a woman. In addition, women reach the top level of their career an average of 3 years later than men. Studies conducted to uncover the reasons for this sex discrimination and to discern the influence of gender on careers revealed that many changes were required that depended upon matching changes in ENEA's organization and management systems, which could be brought about by communication, diffused leadership, empowerment, and mainstreaming women into the decision-making process. The research has resulted in creation of a prototype management project that will be tested on a sample of approximately 250 employees and will seek to balance the number of women and men at all levels. After this experiment has been conducted, educational efforts will be made to restructure the basic ways ENEA functions.

  19. 77 FR 6549 - Notice of Availability for Public Comment of Interconnection Facilities Studies Prepared for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-08

    ... transmission line across the U.S. border with Mexico, currently referred to as the Energia Sierra Juarez... Energia Sierra Juarez Transmission Project AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability...: Sempra Generation applied to the Department of Energy (DOE), on behalf of Energia Sierra Juarez...

  20. Alternative Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pritchett, Stanley; Kimsey, Steve

    2002-01-01

    Describes the design of the DeKalb Alternative School in Atlanta, Georgia, located in a renovated shopping center. Purchasing commercial land and renovating the existing building saved the school system time and money. (EV)

  1. Facility Focus: Food Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Examines three renovated college facilities that offer student-friendly dining space. Renovation problems in the areas of food and entertainment, service and choice, and image versus architectural history preservation are addressed. (GR)

  2. Manual for ERLE (Energy-Related Laboratory Equipment). Instructions and information for institutions of higher learning concerning used energy-related laboratory equipment grants; Manual para ERLE [Equipo de Laboratorio Relacionado con la Energia]. Instrucciones e informacion para instituciones de educacion superior sobre subvenciones de equipo de laboratorio usado relacionado con la energia

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-10-01

    This is a listing of energy related equipment available through the Energy-Related Laboratory Equipment Grant Program which grants used equipment to institutions of higher education for energy-related research. Information included is an overview of the program, how to apply for a grant of equipment, eligibility requirements, types of equipment available, and the costs for the institution.

  3. Program Demand Cost Model for Alaskan Schools. Eighth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Michael; Mearig, Tim; Coffee, Nathan

    The State of Alaska Department of Education has created a handbook for establishing budgets for the following three types of construction projects: new schools or additions; renovations; and combined new work and renovations. The handbook supports a demand cost model computer program that includes detailed renovation cost data, itemized by…

  4. Addressing Lead-Based Paint Hazards During Renovation, Remodeling, and Rehabilitation in Federally Owned and Assisted Housing. Instructor Manual for Use in HUD-Sponsored Lead-Safe Work Practices Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics.

    This document is the instructor's manual for a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) training course that reflects the requirements of HUD's Lead Safe Housing Rule and is designed to provide training contractors with information regarding containment, minimization, and cleanup of lead hazards during activities that disturb…

  5. [The occurrence of Biomphalaria straminea (Pulmonata: Planorbidae) on an aquaculture farm of IBAMA in Uberlândia, MG. Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente a dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis].

    PubMed

    Silveira, E de P; Marçal Júnior, O; Machado, M I

    1997-01-01

    This work evaluates the occurrence of freshwater snails in the IBAMA's fish breeding station in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais State. We verified the presence of Biomphalaria straminea in 39.5% of all breeding tanks. None of the snails were infected by Schistosoma mansoni, but further investigation should be done in the area.

  6. Estudo da utilizacao da biomassa florestal como fonte de produtos quimicos e energia atraves de processos quimicos e biotechnologicos (Utilization of forest biomass for chemicals and energy by chemical and biotechnological processes). Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect

    de Miranda, I.M.S.S.

    1989-04-01

    The chemical composition and the non-structural carbohydrate composition were determined for 1-year-old Eucalyptus globulus Labill trees, grown in an experimental plantation with different nutrient and water supplies (C-trees, where no treatment was made and IL-trees, which received a nutrient supply and irrigation). Leaf carbohydrates were determined for the same conditions. Pulping experiments were made using kraft cooks of eucalyptus wood. The results of the pretreatments are complemented with scanning electron microscopy observations. Average wood composition was: ash 1.6%, total extractives 5.2%, Klason lignin 21.0%, soluble lignin 3.1% (% of o.d. weight). The results did not show statistical significant differences between the two growth conditions. The average wood carbohydrate composition was: glucose 2.7%, frutose 4.1% sucrose 1.3% and starch 0.5%. The average carbohydrate composition of leaves was: glucose 1.0%, frutose 1.7%, sucrose 0.1% and starch 4.1%. The average yield for the kraft wood delinification was 49%. The saccharification of pretreated eucalyptus chips with a steam-explosion pretreatment was: For H2SO4 impregnation 26.6% and for H2O impregnation 44.2%.

  7. Tdp studies and tests for C. A. Energia Electrica de Venezuela (enelven) at planta ramon laguna, units RL-17 and RL-10. Volume 2. Unit RL-10 boiler condition assessment report. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-03-28

    The study, conducted by Babcock and Wilcox, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development agency on behalf of Enelven. In order to maximize generated power output and minimize operating costs at Planta Ramon Laguna, tests were done to evaluate the condition of equipment at the plant. In order to identify any damage and determine the operating output of each unit, assessments were done of the furnaces, boilers, generators and boiler feed pumps being used in the plant. The report presents the results of these tests. This is the second of three volumes and it includes the following section: (1) Condition Assessment of Unit RL-10 Boiler.

  8. Tdp studies and tests for C. A. Energia Electrica de Venezuela (enelven) at planta ramon laguna, units RL-17 and RL-10. Volume 1. Executive summary, RL-17 test report, and gas conversion proposals. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-03-28

    The study, conducted by Babcock and Wilcox, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development agency on behalf of Enelven. In order to maximize generated power output and minimize operating costs at Planta Ramon Laguna, tests were done to evaluate the condition of equipment at the plant. In order to identify any damage and determine the operating output of each unit, assessments were done of the furnaces, boilers, generators and boiler feed pumps being used in the plant. The report presents the results of these tests. This is the first of three volumes and it is divided into the following sections: (1) Executive Summary; (2) Hydrogen Damage Assessment; (3) RL-17 Gas Conversion Proposal; (4) RL-10 and RL-11 Gas Conversion Proposals.

  9. Elementary School Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning By Design, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Highlights elementary school construction projects that have won the Learning By Design Awards for 2001. Projects covered involve new school construction; and renovation, additions, and restoration. (GR)

  10. All Washed Up?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Lisa

    1999-01-01

    Presents advice for avoiding problems when renovating wetrooms to include either bathrooms or laundry rooms. Tips include timely use of inspectors and incorporating delivery penalties into contracts. (GR)

  11. 26 CFR 6a.103A-3 - Qualified veterans' mortgage bonds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... renovation of plumbing or electric systems, the installation of improved heating or air conditioning systems..., tennis courts, saunas, or other recreational or entertainment facilities. (g) Volume limitation—(1)...

  12. 76 FR 71441 - Enhanced-Use Lease (EUL) of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Real Property for the Development...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ..., maintain and operate the EUL development. As consideration for the lease, the lessee will be required to construct, renovate, operate, and maintain permanent housing facilities; provide preference and...

  13. 76 FR 67021 - Enhanced-Use Lease (EUL) of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Real Property for the Development...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-28

    ..., Newington campus in Newington, Connecticut. The selected lessee will finance, design, develop, construct... required to construct, renovate, operate and maintain an assisted living facility; provide preference...

  14. 76 FR 67023 - Enhanced-Use Lease (EUL) of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Real Property for the Development...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-28

    ...--Kerrville campus in Kerrville, Texas. The selected lessee will finance, design, develop, construct, manage... construct, renovate, operate and maintain a senior housing facility; provide preference and...

  15. 76 FR 71440 - Enhanced-Use Lease (EUL) of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Real Property for the Development...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... Health Care System in Minnesota. The selected lessee will finance, design, develop, construct, manage... construct, renovate, operate and maintain a permanent supportive housing facility with priority...

  16. 76 FR 30934 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-27

    ... Energy, LLC, Synergics Roth Rock North Wind Energy, L, Gestamp Eolica S.L. Description: Amendment to...: Montgomery L'Energia Power Partners LP, Tanner Street Generation, LLC. Description: Joint Application for Authorization Under Section203 of the FPA of Montgomery L'Energia Power Partners LP, et. al. Filed Date:...

  17. 75 FR 57005 - Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Public Hearings for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-17

    ... Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission Project (ESJ-U.S.) AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of... ``Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission Line Project'' (DOE... a Presidential permit to Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission, LLC (ESJ-U.S.), for...

  18. 77 FR 53883 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-04

    ... filings: Docket Numbers: ER12-1470-001. Applicants: Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC. Description: Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. LLC Revised MBR Tariff to be effective 10/1/2012. Filed Date: 8/13/12. Accession... Service Company of New Mexico. Description: OATT Attachment R Compliance Filing to be effective 7/...

  19. Lo que usted necesita saber sobre™ el cáncer de cérvix

    Cancer.gov

    Contiene información sobre las opciones de tratamiento, la obtención de una segunda opinión, los cuidados de seguimiento y las fuentes de apoyo para alguien que ha sido diagnosticado recientemente con cáncer de cérvix o cuello uterino.

  20. Lo que usted necesita saber sobre™ el cáncer de seno

    Cancer.gov

    Contiene información sobre las opciones de tratamiento, los diferentes médicos que tratan el cáncer de seno, la obtención de una segunda opinión, los cuidados de seguimiento y las fuentes de apoyo para alguien que ha sido diagnosticado recientemente con c

  1. Neuropatía periférica inducida por quimioterapia

    Cancer.gov

    Artículo sobre un efecto secundario de la quimioterapia que causa dolor y malestar en las manos y los pies. También incluye información sobre los esfuerzos para mejorar las opciones de detección, tratamiento y prevención.

  2. School Science Labs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schachter, Ron

    2008-01-01

    This article talks about the declining state of many school science laboratories. The author describes how school districts are renovating their science labs to improve student learning. The author also offers tips from those who have already renovated their school science labs.

  3. Fitness Facilities: The New Trend in Athletic Equipment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rittner-Heir, Robbin M.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the requirements and costs associated with building a high school weight room in terms of space renovation and new construction. Observations from high schools that have experienced these types of renovations are explored, and advice on space design and equipment purchasing is presented. (GR)

  4. Middle-Aged Thinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nixon, Charles W.

    1998-01-01

    Examines renovation issues involving 30- and 40-year-old school facilities. Explores ways a school district can renovate old buildings to first-class cost-effective facilities while avoiding excessive transition costs. Discussions include installation of new technology and the resulting wiring demands, and developing more energy-efficient heating…

  5. 78 FR 52909 - Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Assessment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ... Assessment (FINAL EA) and a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for Renovation and Modernization of the... Impact (FONSI) for Renovation and Modernization of the organization headquarters building located at 1700... of No Significant Impact (FONSI) based on the Final Environmental Assessment (FINAL EA) for...

  6. ESTE Project Brief: Environmental and Sustainable Technology Evaluations (ESTE): Verification of Qualitative Spot Test Kits for Lead in Paint

    EPA Science Inventory

    On April 22, 2008, EPA issued the final Lead; Renovation, Repair, and Painting (RRP) Program Rule. The rule addresses lead-based paint hazards created by renovation, repair, and painting activities that disturb lead-based paint in target housing and child-occupied facilities. Und...

  7. 40 CFR 745.81 - Effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property Renovation § 745.81... during the renovation will not necessarily include all of the lead-safe work practices contained in...

  8. 40 CFR 745.81 - Effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property Renovation § 745.81... during the renovation will not necessarily include all of the lead-safe work practices contained in...

  9. 40 CFR 745.81 - Effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property Renovation § 745.81... during the renovation will not necessarily include all of the lead-safe work practices contained in...

  10. 40 CFR 745.82 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property Renovation § 745.82... components affected by the renovation are free of paint or other surface coatings that contain lead equal...

  11. 40 CFR 745.81 - Effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property Renovation § 745.81... during the renovation will not necessarily include all of the lead-safe work practices contained in...

  12. 76 FR 20659 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ... action to protect their children from lead poisonings. Section 406(b) of the Toxic Substances Control Act... (OMB). This ICR, entitled: ``Lead-Based Paint Pre-Renovation Information Dissemination-- TSCA Section... persons who perform renovations for compensation on housing constructed prior to 1978. Title:...

  13. Cost Control

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    2009-01-01

    When Fayette County (Kentucky) school officials began putting together estimates for upcoming renovation projects at two elementary schools, they based their projections on their district construction projects from 2007. But by February, when construction bids were opened for the renovations of Cassidy and Russell Cave elementary schools, the…

  14. A Magnificent Library in the Pacific.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Chih

    The Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Library is the focal point of the University of Guam. The brand new library building was completed in March, 1992, and formally dedicated on October 7, 1993. The additional wing and renovation area cost a total of $7,302,880. When the renovation was underway, most collections, services, offices, and personnel were…

  15. Revolting Campuses: Novel Impressions of Australian Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Symes, Colin

    2004-01-01

    Australian higher education has undergone a process of policy renovation during the post-war period. Much has been written about the impact of this renovation, much of it written from a sociological point of view. There is also a body of more imaginative literature, campus fiction, which variously recounts, often in uproarious and light-hearted…

  16. 45 CFR 1309.52 - Procurement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Renovation § 1309.52 Procurement procedures. (a) All facility construction and major renovation transactions must comply with the procurement procedure in 45 CFR parts 74 or 92, and must be conducted in a manner... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement procedures. 1309.52 Section...

  17. 45 CFR 1309.52 - Procurement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Renovation § 1309.52 Procurement procedures. (a) All facility construction and major renovation transactions must comply with the procurement procedure in 45 CFR parts 74 or 92, and must be conducted in a manner... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Procurement procedures. 1309.52 Section...

  18. A Clean Bill of Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School & University, 1998

    1998-01-01

    Explores the steps to take to reduce the likelihood that indoor-air-quality (IAQ) problems will develop in educational facilities. Highlights sources and hazards of IAQ when renovating buildings; control strategies and the establishment of IAQ close-out criteria for all renovation projects; heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning system…

  19. OECD Review of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme in Portugal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blyth, Alastair

    2010-01-01

    On 26 February in Lisbon a team from the OECD's Centre for Effective Learning Environments (CELE) presented its first review of a national school building programme. The school building renovation programme in Portugal, which began in March 2007, involves the renovation of 332 schools by 2015. However, Portugal plans to complete 205 by the end of…

  20. Great Expectations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jana J.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses how some universities are proactively looking to improve, enhance, and increase student housing on-campus through new and renovated residence halls that meet and exceed the expectations of today's students. Renovation improvements related to maximizing security, enhancing a homelike environment; developing a sense of community, and…

  1. Transforming Space in the Curriculum Materials Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teel, Linda

    2013-01-01

    Transforming space to facilitate and compliment learning has become an integral component in the redesign and renovation of academic libraries. This article offers a framework of discussion based on the redesign and renovation of the existing curriculum materials center at East Carolina University Joyner Library. The curriculum materials center,…

  2. 32 CFR 231.7 - Procedures-domestic credit unions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... criterion uses its own funds to expand, modify, or renovate government-owned space, it may be provided a no... own funds to expand, modify, or renovate government-owned space, may be provided a lease at fair...., electricity, natural gas or fuel oil, water, and sewage), fixtures, and maintenance shall be furnished...

  3. 76 FR 71442 - Enhanced-Use Lease (EUL) of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Real Property for the Development...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... of a Transitional and Permanent Housing Facility in Bath, NY AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs..., renovate, manage, operate and maintain the EUL development. As consideration for the lease, the lessee will be required to construct, renovate, operate, and maintain a transitional and permanent...

  4. At Yale, an Unlikely Champion for "The Building that Won't Go Away"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    2008-01-01

    It is most surprising that Yale University is spending $126-million to renovate and add to a 1963 Modernist building that almost everyone has hated for decades. Aside from that, the project's champion is a high-society architect whose own career refutes pretty much the whole Modernist design theology. This article talks about the renovation of…

  5. 28 CFR 91.56 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental assessment. 91.56 Section 91.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant... environmental assessment. (a) Renovation or expansion of existing correctional facility. Renovation or...

  6. 28 CFR 91.56 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental assessment. 91.56 Section 91.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant... environmental assessment. (a) Renovation or expansion of existing correctional facility. Renovation or...

  7. 28 CFR 91.56 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental assessment. 91.56 Section 91.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant... environmental assessment. (a) Renovation or expansion of existing correctional facility. Renovation or...

  8. 28 CFR 91.56 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental assessment. 91.56 Section 91.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant... environmental assessment. (a) Renovation or expansion of existing correctional facility. Renovation or...

  9. 76 FR 58268 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Comment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... prescribed in 5 CFR 1320.12. On January 26, 2011 (76 FR 4657), EPA sought comments on this renewal pursuant...-Based Paint Activities and Renovation, Repair, and Painting AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... Certification, Accreditation and Standards for Lead- Based Paint Activities and Renovation, Repair, and...

  10. 45 CFR 1309.21 - Recording of Federal interest and other protection of Federal interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START FACILITIES PURCHASE, MAJOR RENOVATION... acquired or upon which major renovations have been undertaken with grant funds for use as a Head Start... long enough to allow the Head Start program to receive the full value of those permanent...

  11. 45 CFR 1309.21 - Recording of Federal interest and other protection of Federal interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START FACILITIES PURCHASE, MAJOR RENOVATION... acquired or upon which major renovations have been undertaken with grant funds for use as a Head Start... long enough to allow the Head Start program to receive the full value of those permanent...

  12. 45 CFR 1309.21 - Recording of Federal interest and other protection of Federal interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START FACILITIES PURCHASE, MAJOR RENOVATION... acquired or upon which major renovations have been undertaken with grant funds for use as a Head Start... long enough to allow the Head Start program to receive the full value of those permanent...

  13. 45 CFR 1309.21 - Recording of Federal interest and other protection of Federal interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START FACILITIES PURCHASE, MAJOR RENOVATION... acquired or upon which major renovations have been undertaken with grant funds for use as a Head Start... long enough to allow the Head Start program to receive the full value of those permanent...

  14. 45 CFR 1309.21 - Recording of Federal interest and other protection of Federal interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START FACILITIES PURCHASE, MAJOR RENOVATION... acquired or upon which major renovations have been undertaken with grant funds for use as a Head Start... long enough to allow the Head Start program to receive the full value of those permanent...

  15. A Whole-School "Read" Creates a Reading Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Jennifer; Jewett, Pamela; Vanderburg, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    Students and teachers at Hand Middle School in Columbia, South Carolina, were in the midst of a two-year, comprehensive renovation and construction project in which some sections of their 75-year-old, historic building were being renovated and new sections added. When parts of the school were boarded up and oversized machinery first moved onto…

  16. The Mandate Mystery: How Mandates Impact School Districts Physically and Financially

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorris, Denae

    2010-01-01

    Renovation and construction of Texas public schools is occurring at a rapid pace and at high prices. Business continues to blossom in the area of school construction. Several factors influence the need to renovate or construct schools, but the impact curriculum mandates have on school construction is seldom explored. This study investigated the…

  17. Renovation and Modernization of Residential Structures in Gliwice Based on Survey of the Environment Built from the Years 1848-2014 / Renowacja I Modernizacja Struktury Mieszkaniowej W Gliwicach Na Podstawie Badań Ankietowych Środowiska Zbudowanego Z Lat 1848-2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibis, Jerzy; Serdyńska, Joanna

    2015-03-01

    The subject of the survey carried out in 2013-2014 are changes in Gliwice residential substance in relation to the two fundamental issues:how proceeded transformation of the existing housing stock, which changes has it undergone during operation. The range of changes within the housing illustrates all the positive and negative solutions characteristic for each of the periods. In the selection of research technique decision was made to form the survey. The quantitative data collected during the survey are the basis for building applications and also from grouped and developed characteristics for the surveyed collections. The test results help to identify regularities concerning the scope of the changes made in each period and - indirectly - give evidence to evaluate the built environment in terms of meeting the expectations and needs of the residents. Analysis of the assumptions also draws attention to the life cycles of the apartment, as the original part undergoing transformation during the adaptation, modernization and reconstruction of housing environment to changing needs during operational requirements. The scope of the changes introduced by them within the housing allows to evaluate the accuracy of functional and spatial, technical and technological solutions characteristic of the period in which they developed. Przedmiotem badania przeprowadzonego w latach 2013-2014 są zmiany zachodzące w substancji mieszkaniowej Gliwic w odniesieniu do dwu zasadniczych kwestii: jak przebiegała transformacja istniejących zasobów mieszkaniowych, jakim zmianom została ona poddana w czasie eksploatacji. Zakres zmian w obrębie mieszkania ilustruje wszelkie pozytywne i negatywne rozwiązania charakterystyczne dla każdego z badanych okresów. W doborze techniki badawczej zdecydowano się na formę badania ankietowego. Dane ilościowe zebrane podczas badań ankietowych są podstawą do budowania wniosków i tez z pogrupowanych i opracowanych cech charakterystycznych dla badanych zbiorów. Wyniki badań pozwalają wskazać prawidłowości dotyczące zakresu dokonywanych zmian w poszczególnych okresach i - pośrednio - dają przesłanki do oceny środowiska zbudowanego pod kątem spełnienia oczekiwań i potrzeb mieszkańców. Analiza przedstawionych założeń zwraca również uwagę na cykle życia mieszkania, jako elementu pierwotnego ulegającego transformacji podczas adaptacji, modernizacji i przebudowy środowiska mieszkaniowego do zmieniających się w czasie potrzeb użytkowych. Zakres wprowadzonych przez nich zmian w obrębie mieszkania pozwala ocenić trafność rozwiązań funkcjonalno-przestrzennych, technicznych i technologicznych, charakterystycznych dla okresu, w którym powstały.

  18. 77 FR 48135 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ... Mountain Solar 2, LLC, Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC, Flat Ridge 2 Wind Energy LLC, Fowler Ridge II Wind..., New Covert Generating Company, LLC, New Mexico Electric Marketing, LLC, Rolling Hills Generating,...

  19. Building Blueprints: From Physics Lab to Campus Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes the renovation and expansion of Palmer Hall, New Jersey-based Princeton University's original physics laboratory, to house the Frist Campus Center. Includes before and after photographs. (EV)

  20. Energy Design Guidelines for High Performance Schools: Tropical Island Climates

    SciTech Connect

    2004-11-01

    Design guidelines outline high performance principles for the new or retrofit design of K-12 schools in tropical island climates. By incorporating energy improvements into construction or renovation plans, schools can reduce energy consumption and costs.

  1. Removal of Legacy Hardware Leads to Modernization

    NASA Video Gallery

    The Commercial Crew and Cargo Processing Facility at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida is going through major renovations to support the manufacturing of The Boeing Company's CST-100 spacecraf...

  2. Building Blueprints: Making Music.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Depicts how Cornell University renovated its civil engineering and architecture building to include space for musical performances, teaching, and rehearsals. The article highlights the facility's contemporary design, which also compliments the form and massing of the original building. (GR)

  3. Technology Solutions Case Study: Retrofit Measures for Embedded Wood Members in Insulated Mass Masonry Walls

    SciTech Connect

    K. Ueno

    2015-10-01

    In this project, the Building Science Corporation team studied a historic brick building in Lawrence, Massachusetts, which is being renovated into 10 condominium units and adding insulation to the interior side of walls of such masonry buildings.

  4. 48 CFR 36.104 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... shall implement high-performance sustainable building design, construction, renovation, repair... Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings (available at http... reflective and vegetated roofs, to minimize consumption of energy, water, and materials; (3)...

  5. 34 CFR 225.21 - What are some examples of impermissible uses of reserve account funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... pay for a charter school's construction, renovation, repair, or acquisition; or (2) Provide a down... guarantee a loan for the portion of the loan that would otherwise have to be funded with a down payment....

  6. Infrastructure Standardization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yow, Donna

    2002-01-01

    Describes the development of technological design standards for a 35-school construction/renovation effort by Guilford County Schools in North Carolina. The standards encompassed the physical infrastructure, telephone systems, and paging systems. (EV)

  7. 36. Photocopy of photograph (Buffalo CourierExpress article file #Z733B9268, print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    36. Photocopy of photograph (Buffalo Courier-Express article file #Z733-B9268, print in possession of Ciminilli Construction, Buffalo, N.Y.), photographer unknown, 1938 GENERAL RENOVATIONS - Cyclorama Building, 369 Franklin Street, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

  8. New Thinking Meets Old School Tradition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Terry K.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses how Master Plan renovations can be used instead of facility replacement to help update college stadiums, accommodate more fans, and generate additional revenue. Several examples of stadium amenities to encourage fan use are highlighted. (GR)

  9. 12 CFR 723.21 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... of the property. Example 3. A loan to expand the parking lot of a small strip shopping center would not be a construction or development loan, but a loan to renovate the small strip shopping center...

  10. 12 CFR 723.21 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... of the property. Example 3. A loan to expand the parking lot of a small strip shopping center would not be a construction or development loan, but a loan to renovate the small strip shopping center...

  11. 12 CFR 723.21 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... of the property. Example 3. A loan to expand the parking lot of a small strip shopping center would not be a construction or development loan, but a loan to renovate the small strip shopping center...

  12. 12 CFR 723.21 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... of the property. Example 3. A loan to expand the parking lot of a small strip shopping center would not be a construction or development loan, but a loan to renovate the small strip shopping center...

  13. When the Students Are Away...

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frei, Emil

    1999-01-01

    Comments on how schools can take advantage of summer vacations to tackle construction and renovation projects. Issues such as keeping the community informed about the summer construction schedule, guaranteeing student safety, creating teamwork, and anticipating potential surprises are discussed. (GR)

  14. Analysis Of Potentiometric Methods Used For Crack Detection In Forging Tools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pilc, Jozef; Drbúl, Mário; Stančeková, Dana; Varga, Daniel; Martinček, Juraj; Kuždák, Viktor

    2015-12-01

    Increased use of forging tools in mass production causes their increased wear and creates pressure to design more efficient renovation process. Renovation is complicated because of the identification of cracks expanding from the surface to the core material. Given that the production of forging tools is expensive, caused by the cost of tool steels and the thermo-chemical treatment, it is important to design forging tool with its easy renovation in mind. It is important to choose the right renovation technology, which will be able to restore the instrument to its original state while maintaining financial rentability. Choosing the right technology is difficult because of nitrided and heat-treated surface for high hardness and wear resistance. Article discusses the use of non-destructive method of detecting cracks taking into account the size of the cracks formed during working process.

  15. Histoplasmosis Statistics

    MedlinePlus

    ... of activities include: construction, 5 renovation, 6 exploring caves, 7 tilling soil, 8 and cleaning up bird ... al. Histoplasmosis associated with exploring a bat-inhabited cave in Costa Rica, 1998-1999. Am J Trop ...

  16. Middle/High School Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning By Design, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Highlights middle school/high school construction projects that have won the Learning By Design Awards for 2001. Projects covered involve new school construction; and renovation, additions, and restoration. (GR)

  17. Managing Progressive MS

    MedlinePlus

    ... MS Society | 8 builders about renovations and home adaptations to support independence. OTs may also evaluate and ... Staying at home will mean making changes. Home adaptations do more than fight fatigue. They offer safety, ...

  18. At Home with MS: Adapting Your Environment

    MedlinePlus

    ... of things you almost never need. Your storage adaptations may include hanging baskets, rolling storage carts, peg ... living at home with a disability. n Any adaptation or renovation to help you cope with MS ...

  19. Earth-Systems Science. A Planetary Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Victor J.

    1991-01-01

    Presented are the reasons why the earth sciences must play a major role in curriculum renovation. Philosophical, methodological, and conceptual contributions to K-12 curriculum content are discussed. (KR)

  20. The Energy Crisis: A Continuing Disaster

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savage, David

    1976-01-01

    To school business managers, the energy crisis is a continuing economic disaster as energy costs continue to climb and schools are without money to make necessary renovations to reduce energy consumption. (Author/IRT)

  1. Ribbon cutting opens new ELV offices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Center Director Roy Bridges welcomes the audience to a ribbon- cutting ceremony at the E&O Building at KSC. Home for NASA's unmanned missions since 1964, the building has been renovated to house the Expendable Launch Vehicle Program.

  2. Photocopy of first floor plan dated July 31, 1939. Plans ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of first floor plan dated July 31, 1939. Plans and renovations required for the 1940-1941 addition are overlaid on the original plan - Stamford Post Office, 421 Atlantic Street, Stamford, Fairfield County, CT

  3. Building Facade Documentation Using Laser Scanning and Photogrammetry and Data Implementation Into Bim

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faltýnová, M.; Matoušková, E.; Šedina, J.; Pavelka, K.

    2016-06-01

    A project started last year called MORE-CONNECT, which focuses on the renovation of buildings (especially building facades) using prefabricated elements. The aim of this project is to create a competitive solution consisting of a technology and processes which enable fast, cost-effective renovation with minimal difficulties to inhabitants. Significant cost savings in renovation costs lies in the usage of prefabricated elements and the reduction of construction works on site. The precision of the prefabricated element depends on the precision of the construction, project and building documentation. This article offers an overview of the possible methods for building documentation and spatial data transfer into BIM (Building Information Modelling) software. The description of methods focuses on laser scanning and photogrammetry (including RPAS based), its advantages, disadvantages and limitations according to the documented building, level of renovation, situation on site etc. The next part involves spatial data transfer into BIM software. A proposed solution is tested in a case study.

  4. 36 CFR Appendix A to Part 1234 - Minimum Security Standards for Level III Federal Facilities

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Required. Review/establish uniform standards for construction Required. Review/establish new design... critical systems (alarm systems, radio communications, computer facilities, etc.) Required. Occupant... control procedures for service contract personnel Required. Construction/Renovation: Install mylar film...

  5. 36 CFR Appendix A to Part 1234 - Minimum Security Standards for Level III Federal Facilities

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Required. Review/establish uniform standards for construction Required. Review/establish new design... critical systems (alarm systems, radio communications, computer facilities, etc.) Required. Occupant... control procedures for service contract personnel Required. Construction/Renovation: Install mylar film...

  6. Building Blueprints: Meet You at the Pub!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 1999

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the renovation of a gardner's cottage that provided students of Sarah Lawrence College with a place to meet and socialize. The building's history, features, and interior design features are highlighted. (GR)

  7. 76 FR 11193 - Notice of a Project Waiver of Section 1605 (Buy American Requirements) of the American Recovery...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-01

    ... Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning (HVAC) equipment for a hospital renovation and expansion project... County- proposed HVAC improvements were selected to address the unique conditions presented by the... that the HVAC equipment that will meet the County's design and performance specifications...

  8. 75 FR 14612 - Buy American Exceptions Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-26

    ... section 1605(c) of the Recovery Act and OMB's implementing guidance published on April 23, 2009 (74 FR..., and Air Conditioning (HVAC) renovations at the Mainview Apartments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  9. Science Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biehle, James T.

    2002-01-01

    Describes how schools in Carroll County, Maryland; Toronto, Ontario; Durham, North Carolina; Englewood, Colorado; and Troy, New York, are renovating their vocational areas for inquiry-based, hands-on science learning. Includes sample floor plans and photographs. (EV)

  10. Modifying the VAB

    NASA Video Gallery

    The iconic Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida is undergoing renovations to handle more rockets and spacecraft for the next generation of space explorers. The refurb...

  11. 34 CFR 608.10 - What activities may be carried out under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) Construction, maintenance, renovation, and improvement in classroom, library, laboratory, and other instructional facilities, including purchase or rental of telecommunications technology equipment or services... telecommunications technology equipment, facilities or services, if such equipment, facilities or services...

  12. 34 CFR 608.10 - What activities may be carried out under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) Construction, maintenance, renovation, and improvement in classroom, library, laboratory, and other instructional facilities, including purchase or rental of telecommunications technology equipment or services... telecommunications technology equipment, facilities or services, if such equipment, facilities or services...

  13. 34 CFR 609.10 - What activities may be carried out under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) Construction, maintenance, renovation, and improvement in classroom, library, laboratory, and other instructional facilities, including purchase or rental of telecommunications technology equipment or services... endowment under 34 CFR part 628 to facilitate financial independence. (b) Unallowable activities. A...

  14. 34 CFR 608.10 - What activities may be carried out under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) Construction, maintenance, renovation, and improvement in classroom, library, laboratory, and other instructional facilities, including purchase or rental of telecommunications technology equipment or services... telecommunications technology equipment, facilities or services, if such equipment, facilities or services...

  15. 20 CFR 631.84 - Allowable projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., repair, renovation, and reconstruction of damaged and destroyed structures, facilities, and lands located within the disaster area; and (b) May be expended through public and private non-profit agencies...

  16. Energy Design Guidelines for High Performance Schools: Temperate and Mixed Climates

    SciTech Connect

    2002-06-01

    School districts around the country are finding that the smart energy choices can help them save money and provide healthier, more effective learning environments. By incorporating energy improvements into their construction or renovation plans,

  17. Energy Design Guidelines for High Performance Schools: Hot and Humid Climates

    SciTech Connect

    2002-06-01

    School districts around the country are finding that the smart energy choices can help them save money and provide healthier, more effective learning environments. By incorporating energy improvements into their construction or renovation plans,

  18. Energy Design Guidelines for High Performance Schools: Hot and Dry Climates

    SciTech Connect

    2002-06-01

    School districts around the country are finding that the smart energy choices can help them save money and provide healthier, more effective learning environments. By incorporating energy improvements into their construction or renovation plans,

  19. Energy Design Guidelines for High Performance Schools: Cold and Humid Climates

    SciTech Connect

    2002-06-01

    School districts around the country are finding that the smart energy choices can help them save money and provide healthier, more effective learning environments. By incorporating energy improvements into their construction or renovation plans,

  20. Energy Design Guidelines for High Performance Schools: Cool and Dry Climates

    SciTech Connect

    2002-06-01

    School districts around the country are finding that the smart energy choices can help them save money and provide healthier, more effective learning environments. By incorporating energy improvements into their construction or renovation plans,

  1. Energy Design Guidelines for High Performance Schools: Temperate and Humid Climates

    SciTech Connect

    2002-06-01

    School districts around the country are finding that the smart energy choices can help them save money and provide healthier, more effective learning environments. By incorporating energy improvements into their construction or renovation plans,

  2. Energy Design Guidelines for High Performance Schools: Cool and Humid Climates

    SciTech Connect

    2002-06-01

    School districts around the country are finding that the smart energy choices can help them save money and provide healthier, more effective learning environments. By incorporating energy improvements into their construction or renovation plans,

  3. Hyperfiltration/reverse osmosis: a handbook on membrane filtration for the food industry

    SciTech Connect

    Merlo, C.A.; Pedersen, L.D.; Rose, W.W.

    1985-07-01

    The four chapters are titled: hyperfiltration/reverse osmosis technology, membranes and systems, energy recovery through renovation and recycle of hot water, and other applications of membrane technology in the food industry. (DLC)

  4. Capital access.

    PubMed

    Towne, Jennifer

    2004-06-01

    To maintain their viability, hospitals are being compelled to invest in big capital projects such as information technology and renovation and construction. This gatefold examines the trends in credit and capital, and how they affect hospitals' access to money.

  5. Solar Water Heating with Low-Cost Plastic Systems (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2012-01-01

    Newly developed solar water heating technology can help Federal agencies cost effectively meet the EISA requirements for solar water heating in new construction and major renovations. This document provides design considerations, application, economics, and maintenance information and resources.

  6. 34 CFR 609.10 - What activities may be carried out under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) Construction, maintenance, renovation, and improvement in classroom, library, laboratory, and other... members in attaining advanced degrees in their fields of instruction; (4) Academic instruction in disciplines in which Black Americans are underrepresented; (5) Purchase of library books,...

  7. 34 CFR 608.10 - What activities may be carried out under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) Construction, maintenance, renovation, and improvement in classroom, library, laboratory, and other... members in attaining advanced degrees in their fields of instruction; (4) Academic instruction in disciplines in which Black Americans are underrepresented; (5) Purchase of library books,...

  8. How to Bring a Building Back From Ruins / Jak Wyprowadzić Budynek z Ruiny?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Błaszczyński, Tomasz; Sokołowski, Wojciech

    2016-03-01

    This paper is about the renovation of the baroque palace in Żagań. The journey starts at what was once a Medieval castle and finishes in the XIX century at the villa of Żagań Princes. Now the building is a XIX century villa maintained in a baroque style. The castle was built in the Middle Ages by Silesian Piasts and rebuilt three times, first by prince Wallenstein, then by prince Lobkovic, and finally, in the XVIII century, by princess Talleyrand. It remained the property of a French citizen until the 1960s, with its condition slowly decaying. In 1965, it was almost totally destroyed. Then the first renovation and revitalization works were initiated, lasting almost twenty years. The second renovation took place in the years 2007-2013, co-funded by the European Union. However, as a result of some cost cutting, the palace now requires a further, third approach to renovation.

  9. 13 CFR 120.1704 - Pool Loans eligible for Pooling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., construction or renovation of an aquarium, zoo, golf course, or swimming pool; or (iv) To a business covered by... zoos—712130 (“Zoos and Botanical Gardens”). (b) SBA review of a Pool Loan prior to pool formation....

  10. 13 CFR 120.1704 - Pool Loans eligible for Pooling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., construction or renovation of an aquarium, zoo, golf course, or swimming pool; or (iv) To a business covered by... zoos—712130 (“Zoos and Botanical Gardens”). (b) SBA review of a Pool Loan prior to pool formation....

  11. 13 CFR 120.1704 - Pool Loans eligible for Pooling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., construction or renovation of an aquarium, zoo, golf course, or swimming pool; or (iv) To a business covered by... zoos—712130 (“Zoos and Botanical Gardens”). (b) SBA review of a Pool Loan prior to pool formation....

  12. 13 CFR 120.1704 - Pool Loans eligible for Pooling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., construction or renovation of an aquarium, zoo, golf course, or swimming pool; or (iv) To a business covered by... zoos—712130 (“Zoos and Botanical Gardens”). (b) SBA review of a Pool Loan prior to pool formation....

  13. 13 CFR 120.1704 - Pool Loans eligible for Pooling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., construction or renovation of an aquarium, zoo, golf course, or swimming pool; or (iv) To a business covered by... zoos—712130 (“Zoos and Botanical Gardens”). (b) SBA review of a Pool Loan prior to pool formation....

  14. James Stewart Polshek & Partners: Glenfield Middle School, Montclair, NJ, Citation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Progressive Architecture, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Recipient of an architectural design citation from the 28th Progressive Architecture Awards is the fifth renovation and addition to a New Jersey school that has grown in increments from eight rooms. (Author/MLF)

  15. 38 CFR 59.50 - Priority list.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... that replaces an existing facility; (B) Nursing home renovation (e.g., patient privacy) and...) All other projects (e.g., nurse call systems, patient lifts). (ii) Priority group 1—subpriority 2....

  16. 38 CFR 59.50 - Priority list.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... that replaces an existing facility; (B) Nursing home renovation (e.g., patient privacy) and...) All other projects (e.g., nurse call systems, patient lifts). (ii) Priority group 1—subpriority 2....

  17. 12. SOUTH END OF ORIGINAL CROSSCUT DIESEL PLANT BUILDING BEFORE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. SOUTH END OF ORIGINAL CROSSCUT DIESEL PLANT BUILDING BEFORE RENOVATIONS TO HOUSE STEAM UNITS. December 6, 1940 - Crosscut Steam Plant, North side Salt River near Mill Avenue & Washington Street, Tempe, Maricopa County, AZ

  18. Progressive Designs for New Curricula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, William A.; Belida, Loren; Johnson, William C.

    2000-01-01

    Explores how school building design influences the success of children in preparing for the future. Considerations when renovating and upgrading school design to enhance learning are discussed, including issues of sustainability, collaboration, lighting, and ventilation. (GR)

  19. Standing Up to Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Heather

    2002-01-01

    Describes how barracks renovations at West Point have included the replacement of privacy partitions and screens in restrooms and locker rooms with items of high-density polyethylene (HDPE), which is more durable than metal. (EV)

  20. Hospitalized Patients and Fungal Infections

    MedlinePlus

    ... but can also be caused by fungi. Hospital construction. Hospital staff do everything they can to prevent ... patients staying at hospitals where there is ongoing construction or renovation. 5 This is thought to be ...

  1. Turfgrass varieties and when to use them

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Turfgrass fulfills essential functions for athletics, cooling of urban heat zones, aesthetics, ground cover, weed suppression, and water filtration. As parks managers, landscapers, engineers, and municipalties select turfgrasses for building or renovation projects, they must consider needs such as ...

  2. 76 FR 4657 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; TSCA Section 402...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-26

    ... Training and Certification, Accreditation and Standards for Lead-Based Paint Activities and Renovation, Repair, and Painting AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In... Training and Certification, Accreditation and Standards for Lead-Based Paint Activities and...

  3. 76 FR 71555 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-18

    ..., Associated Form, and OMB Number: Application Information-- Public Schools on Military Installations; OMB... public schools on military installations in order to address capacity or facility condition deficiencies... Federal funds to construct, renovate, repair, or expand elementary and secondary public schools...

  4. 20 CFR 671.140 - What are the allowable activities and what dislocated workers may be served under national...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the needs of the target population covered by the grant. The scope of services may be changed through..., cleaning, repair, renovation and reconstruction of damaged and destroyed structures, facilities and...

  5. Tdp studies and tests for C. A. Energia Electrica de Venezuela (enelven) at planta ramon laguna, units RL-17 and RL-10. Volume 3. Unit RL-10 turbine generator condition assessment report and units RL-10 and RL-11 boiler feed pump conditon assessment report. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-03-28

    The study, conducted by Babcock and Wilcox, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development agency on behalf of Enelven. In order to maximize generated power output and minimize operating costs at Planta Ramon Laguna, tests were done to evaluate the condition of equipment at the plant. In order to identify any damage and determine the operating output of each unit, assessments were done of the furnaces, boilers, generators and boiler feed pumps being used in the plant. The report presents the results of these tests. This is the last of three volumes and it is divided into the following sections: (1) Condition Assessment of Unit RL-10 Turbine-Generator; (2) Condition Assessment of Unit RL-10 and RL-11 Boiler Feed Pumps.

  6. La reconstrucción del seno después de una mastectomía

    Cancer.gov

    Hoja informativa que describe la reconstrucción del seno (mama) después de una mastectomía. Contiene información sobre las opciones quirúrgicas, los cuidados de seguimiento y los exámenes de detección del cáncer de seno después de la reconstrucción.

  7. A simple analogy for nervous system plasticity after injury.

    PubMed

    Fouad, Karim; Forero, Juan; Hurd, Caitlin

    2015-04-01

    When considering plasticity, the central nervous system can be viewed as a building block house. After damage, building components might be lost or loosened and may be rearranged by renovation, analogous to neuroplasticity that occurs after central nervous system injury. In both scenarios, the location and severity of damage will determine the efficacy of renovation/rehabilitation and thus the quality of the adapted structure.

  8. Turnaround for the Denver Clinic.

    PubMed

    Norris, M J

    1981-01-01

    By renovating its facility, the Denver Clinic was able to meet the needs of its present patient population and attract new patients. Marketing techniques were employed to redesign the facility and to capitalize on the clinic's competitive edge in the Denver market. Useful information is offered to other clinics who are considering facility renovation and on the advantages group practices have in the medical market plan. PMID:10252836

  9. Applying Best Practices to Florida Local Government Retrofit Programs

    SciTech Connect

    McIlvaine, J.; Sutherland, K.

    2013-12-01

    In some communities, local government and non-profit entities have funds to purchase and renovate distressed, foreclosed homes for resale in the affordable housing market. Numerous opportunities to improve whole house energy efficiency are inherent in these comprehensive renovations. BA-PIRC worked together in a multi-year field study making recommendations in individual homes, meanwhile compiling improvement costs, projected energy savings, practical challenges, and labor force factors surrounding common energy-related renovation measures. The field study, Phase 1 of this research, resulted in a set of best practices appropriate to the current labor pool and market conditions in central Florida to achieve projected annual energy savings of 15-30% and higher. This report describes Phase 2 of the work where researchers worked with a local government partner to implement and refine the 'current best practices.' A simulation study was conducted to characterize savings potential under three sets of conditions representing varying replacement needs for energy-related equipment and envelope components. The three scenarios apply readily to the general remodeling industry as for renovation of foreclosed homes for the affordable housing market. Our new local government partner, the City of Melbourne, implemented the best practices in a community-scale renovation program that included ten homes in 2012.

  10. Applying Best Practices to Florida Local Government Retrofit Programs

    SciTech Connect

    McIlvaine, J.; Sutherland, K.

    2013-12-01

    In some communities, local government and non-profit entities have funds to purchase and renovate distressed, foreclosed homes for resale in the affordable housing market. Numerous opportunities to improve whole house energy efficiency are inherent in these comprehensive renovations. BA-PIRC worked together in a multiyear field study making recommendations in individual homes, meanwhile compiling improvement costs, projected energy savings, practical challenges, and labor force factors surrounding common energy-related renovation measures. The field study, Phase 1 of this research, resulted in a set of best practices appropriate to the current labor pool and market conditions in central Florida to achieve projected annual energy savings of 15%-30% and higher. This report describes Phase 2 of the work where researchers worked with a local government partner to implement and refine the "current best practices". A simulation study was conducted to characterize savings potential under three sets of conditions representing varying replacement needs for energy-related equipment and envelope components. The three scenarios apply readily to the general remodeling industry as for renovation of foreclosed homes for the affordable housing market. The new local government partner, the City of Melbourne, implemented the best practices in a community-scale renovation program that included ten homes in 2012.

  11. Climate Change and Buildings Energy Efficiency - the Key Role of Residents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miezis, Martins; Zvaigznitis, Kristaps; Stancioff, Nicholas; Soeftestad, Lars

    2016-05-01

    Eastern Europe today is confronted with an unavoidable problem - the multifamily apartment building stock is deteriorating but apartment owners do not have sufficient access to resources be they organizational, financial, technical or legal. In addition, destructive myths have grown about the Soviet era buildings despite their continued resilience or the ex- GDR experience in the 90s with the same buildings. Further, without resources, decision making in residential apartments is seen as a major obstacle and used as an explanation why renovation has not taken place in Latvia. This is important not only in the context of a potential housing crisis but also because the renovation of the apartment buildings is an effective solution to significantly reduce the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. It has a proven potential to effectively finance the long term renovation of these buildings. This paper summarizes the first findings of a comprehensive and in-depth study of apartment buildings, their owners and the processes relating to renovation, combining social and environmental engineering research methods. It seeks to understand how owners of multi-family buildings in Eastern Europe understand their buildings and then to answer two questions - how to motivate owners to renovate their homes and increase energy efficiency and what business models should be used to implement economically viable and high quality projects.

  12. Applying Best Practices to Florida Local Government Retrofit Programs, Central Florida (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-03-01

    In some communities, local government and non-profit entities have funds to purchase and renovate distressed, foreclosed homes for resale in the affordable housing market. Numerous opportunities to improve whole house energy efficiency are inherent in these comprehensive renovations. BA-PIRC worked together in a multi-year field study making recommendations in individual homes, meanwhile compiling improvement costs, projected energy savings, practical challenges, and labor force factors surrounding common energy-related renovation measures. The field study, Phase 1 of this research, resulted in a set of best practices appropriate to the current labor pool and market conditions in central Florida to achieve projected annual energy savings of 15-30% and higher. This report describes Phase 2 of the work where researchers worked with a local government partner to implement and refine the "current best practices". A simulation study was conducted to characterize savings potential under three sets of conditions representing varying replacement needs for energy-related equipment and envelope components. The three scenarios apply readily to the general remodeling industry as for renovation of foreclosed homes for the affordable housing market. Our new local government partner, the City of Melbourne, implemented the best practices in a community-scale renovation program that included ten homes in 2012. ​

  13. Existing Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Applying Best Practices to Florida Local Government Retrofit Programs - Central Florida

    SciTech Connect

    2014-03-01

    In some communities, local government and non-profit entities have funds to purchase and renovate distressed, foreclosed homes for resale in the affordable housing market. Numerous opportunities to improve whole house energy efficiency are inherent in these comprehensive renovations. BA-PIRC worked together in a multiyear field study making recommendations in individual homes, meanwhile compiling improvement costs, projected energy savings, practical challenges, and labor force factors surrounding common energy-related renovation measures. The field study, Phase 1 of this research, resulted in a set of best practices appropriate to the current labor pool and market conditions in central Florida to achieve projected annual energy savings of 15%-30% and higher. This case study describes Phase 2 of the work where researchers worked with a local government partner to implement and refine the "current best practices". A simulation study was conducted to characterize savings potential under three sets of conditions representing varying replacement needs for energy-related equipment and envelope components. The three scenarios apply readily to the general remodeling industry as for renovation of foreclosed homes for the affordable housing market. The new local government partner, the City of Melbourne, implemented the best practices in a community-scale renovation program that included ten homes in 2012.

  14. Planning library spaces to encourage collaboration.

    PubMed

    Adamson, Martha C; Bunnett, Brian P

    2002-10-01

    Most librarians can give examples from their own experience in which a library's physical space was either ill suited to the work to be performed or, in some unfortunate cases, a genuine barrier to productivity. In an effort to correct or avoid these situations, planners of library renovations or new construction make pre-design studies of individual workers' tasks and workflow at the work-unit level. In this article, the authors discuss how a pre-design review of library and institutional values influenced the course of a library renovation. The identification of collaboration as the major theme of the library and the institution's strategic directions drove renovation decisions and resulted in a facility that supports and promotes this concept.

  15. Planning library spaces to encourage collaboration

    PubMed Central

    Adamson, Martha C.; Bunnett, Brian P.

    2002-01-01

    Most librarians can give examples from their own experience in which a library's physical space was either ill suited to the work to be performed or, in some unfortunate cases, a genuine barrier to productivity. In an effort to correct or avoid these situations, planners of library renovations or new construction make pre-design studies of individual workers' tasks and workflow at the work-unit level. In this article, the authors discuss how a pre-design review of library and institutional values influenced the course of a library renovation. The identification of collaboration as the major theme of the library and the institution's strategic directions drove renovation decisions and resulted in a facility that supports and promotes this concept. PMID:12398250

  16. Construction Solutions For Historical Object Foundations In The Context Of Changing Their Functional Use

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gwizdała, Kazimierz; Florkowska, Sylwia

    2015-12-01

    Properly executed renovation and adaptation of a grade listed property not only ensures its constructional safety, but may also highlight the object's historical value. Taking into consideration various factors, such as divergence of interests, or technical and legal determinants, it is safe to say that the renovation and adaptation of grade listed properties for new purposes is a complex process. The authors of the paper wish to discuss the problem of renovation based on selected properties, with special regard to constructional solutions for foundations. The presented examples will illustrate the issue of foundation enhancements resulting from the adaptation of buildings for new purposes. Through individual constructional solutions, such as jet grouting, it was possible to ensure the stability of degraded properties and safe transfer of increased values of usage load.

  17. [Drooling therapy in children with neurological disorders].

    PubMed

    Táboas-Pereira, M Andrea; Paredes-Mercado, Cecilia; Alonso-Curcó, Xènia; Badosa-Pagès, Joaquim; Muchart, Jordi; Póo, Pilar

    2015-07-16

    Introduccion. La sialorrea es la incapacidad para retener la saliva dentro de la boca y su progresion al tracto digestivo, y es un problema frecuente en pacientes pediatricos con patologia neurologica, por lo que se estan utilizando diferentes medidas para su tratamiento. Objetivo. Evaluar la eficacia y seguridad del trihexifenidilo, la escopolamina y la infiltracion de toxina botulinica en el tratamiento del babeo en niños con patologia neurologica. Pacientes y metodos. Es un estudio de tipo abierto y prospectivo. Incluye pacientes atendidos en el servicio de neurologia que presentaban babeo excesivo, con repercusion en su calidad de vida, entre 2009 y 2013. Resultados. En 46 pacientes se indico tratamiento con trihexifenidilo oral, y se obtuvo buena respuesta en 15 (32,6%), tres con efecto transitorio y el resto mantenido. Presentaron efectos secundarios tres pacientes (6,5%). De los 11 pacientes a los que se indicaron parches de escopolamina, se hallo efecto beneficioso en cuatro (36,36%), uno fue retirado por falta de eficacia y seis por efectos secundarios. Veinticinco pacientes fueron infiltrados con toxina botulinica, con disminucion significativa del babeo en 16 (64%) tras la primera infiltracion. No observamos cambios significativos en nueve casos. Solo uno presento efectos secundarios (disfagia leve). Conclusiones. Por no haber una opcion terapeutica totalmente eficaz para los pacientes con sialorrea, recomendamos iniciar el tratamiento con trihexifenidilo; como segunda opcion, los parches de escopolamina, y como tercera opcion, la toxina botulinica. La infiltracion de toxina botulinica en glandulas salivales se muestra como una alternativa eficaz y segura segun nuestra serie.

  18. Building Energy-Efficient Schools in New Orleans: Lessons Learned (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-12-01

    This case study presents the lessons learned from incorporating energy efficiency in the rebuilding and renovating of New Orleans K-12 schools after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Hurricane Katrina was the largest natural disaster in the United States, striking the Gulf Coast on August 29, 2005, and flooding 80% of New Orleans; to make matters worse, the city was flooded again only three weeks later by the effects of Hurricane Rita. Many of the buildings, including schools, were heavily damaged. The devastation of schools in New Orleans from the hurricanes was exacerbated by many years of deferred school maintenance. This case study presents the lessons learned from incorporating energy efficiency in the rebuilding and renovating of New Orleans K-12 schools after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. The experiences of four new schools-Langston Hughes Elementary School, Andrew H. Wilson Elementary School (which was 50% new construction and 50% major renovation), L.B. Landry High School, and Lake Area High School-and one major renovation, Joseph A. Craig Elementary School-are described to help other school districts and design teams with their in-progress and future school building projects in hot-humid climates. Before Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans had 128 public schools. As part of the recovery planning, New Orleans Public Schools underwent an assessment and planning process to determine how many schools were needed and in what locations. Following a series of public town hall meetings and a district-wide comprehensive facility assessment, a Master Plan was developed, which outlined the renovation or construction of 85 schools throughout the city, which are expected to be completed by 2017. New Orleans Public Schools expects to build or renovate approximately eight schools each year over a 10-year period to achieve 21st century schools district-wide. Reconstruction costs are estimated at nearly $2 billion.

  19. EVALUATIONS BY QUESTIONNAIRES ABOUT SIMPLE METHODS OF SEISMIC STRENGTHENING AND SETBACK OF HOUSES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mizuno, Norio; Miyajima, Masakatsu

    Law on promotion of renovation for earthquake-resistant structures was revised in 2006. Since then administrative agencies have been promoting seismic diagnosis and retrofit of houses. But citizens living in densely built-up areas cannot rebuild their houses because of their economic reasons and Building Standards Act regulations. Therefore, we conducted questionnaire surveys of construction companies located in Ishikawa Prefecture and citizens living in Kanazawa City. The results of surveys show that many construction companies are not in favor of simple method of seismic retrofit, and that width of roads hardly influence the citizens' consciousness to renovation for earthquake-resistant structures.

  20. Alleanza Contro il Cancro: the accreditation system of the Excellence Network of Italian Cancer Centers in the precision medicine era.

    PubMed

    Palombo, Fabio; De Paoli, Paolo; De Maria, Ruggero

    2015-01-01

    Alleanza Contro il Cancro (Alliance Against Cancer (ACC)) is a network of excellence comprising cancer centers with high standard patient care and research supervised by the Italian Ministry of Health. Founded in 2002, ACC has recently entered a renovation process in order to further increase quality procedures and international standing of the network. The Organization of European Cancer Institutes (OECI) accreditation system contributes significantly to this renovation process, which is generally directed towards all the main activities of cancer care and research, but has a particular attention to the treatment of advanced cancers that cannot be cured by standard procedures in conventional hospitals. PMID:27096277

  1. Energy Retrofit Field Study and Best Practices in a Hot-Humid Climate

    SciTech Connect

    McIlvaine, K.; Sutherland, K.; Martin, E.

    2013-03-01

    Energy efficiency improvement as a component of comprehensive renovation was investigated under U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funding of the Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC). Researchers at the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) worked with affordable housing partners renovating foreclosed homes built from the 1950's through the 2000's in the hot-humid climate (within the Southern census region), primarily in Florida. Researchers targeted a 30% improvement in whole-house energy efficiency along with the health and safety, durability, and comfort guidelines outlined in DOE's Builders Challenge Program (Version 1) Quality Criteria.

  2. Asbestos/NESHAP adequately wet guidance

    SciTech Connect

    Shafer, R.; Throwe, S.; Salgado, O.; Garlow, C.; Hoerath, E.

    1990-12-01

    The Asbestos NESHAP requires facility owners and/or operators involved in demolition and renovation activities to control emissions of particulate asbestos to the outside air because no safe concentration of airborne asbestos has ever been established. The primary method used to control asbestos emissions is to adequately wet the Asbestos Containing Material (ACM) with a wetting agent prior to, during and after demolition/renovation activities. The purpose of the document is to provide guidance to asbestos inspectors and the regulated community on how to determine if friable ACM is adequately wet as required by the Asbestos NESHAP.

  3. 75 FR 80807 - Environmental Impact Statements; Notice of Availability

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    .... EIS No. 20100474, Draft EIS, BLM, CA, East County Substation/Tule Wind/ Energia Sierra Juarez Gen-Tie... EIS, USA, 00, Gulf of Mexico Range Complex (GOMEX), Proposed Action is to Support and Conduct Current..., Comment Period Ends: 04/15/2011, Contact: John Robles, 916-414-6731. Revision to FR Notice Published...

  4. 78 FR 2389 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-11

    ...-002. Applicants: Copper Mountain Solar 1, LLC, Copper Mountain Solar 2, LLC, Energia Sierra Juarez U.S...-685-000. Applicants: Public Service Company of New Mexico. Description: PNM Notice of Transmission... Service Company of New Mexico. Description: PNM Notice of Transmission Rate Change--Part 3 of 3 to...

  5. New pipeline policy

    SciTech Connect

    Schaefgen, J.R. Jr.; Colucci, D.M.

    1996-04-01

    This article outlines regulations addressing the sale, transportation, storage, and distribution of natural gas in Mexico. The regulations were issued in November 1995 by the Comision Reguladora de Energia. The major policy decisions of the regulations are summarized. The current role of Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), the state owned oil and gas entity, which formerly monopolized the Mexican industry, is discussed.

  6. Private vs. Public Investment in the Mexican Utility Company: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dieck-Assad, Flory Anette

    2016-01-01

    How should the strategies and regulations of the Mexican laws be designed in order to trigger a country to go from a non-sustainable energy economy towards a sustainable energy economy? This paper proposes a classroom debate of the reformed Law of Public Electricity Service in Mexico (LSPEE, 1992: Ley del Servicio Publico de Energia Electrica),…

  7. Liquid Nitrogen Dewar Loading at KSC for STS-71 Flight

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    Liquid nitrogen dewar loading at Kennedy Space Center for STS-71 flight with Stan Koszelak (right), University of California at Riverside, adn Tamara Chinareva (left), Russian Spacecraft Coporation-Energia. The picture shows Koszelak removing the insert from the transportation dewar.

  8. 78 FR 67138 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ... Agreements in SPP's Integrated Marketplace of Southwest Power Pool, Inc. Filed Date: 10/30/13. Accession..., KCP&L GMO Novation to be effective 10/30/2013. ] Filed Date: 10/30/13. Accession Number: 20131030-5062... Solar 1, LLC, Copper Mountain Solar 2, LLC, Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC, Flat Ridge 2 Wind...

  9. Medical real estate in an age of reform.

    PubMed

    Hammond, Laca Wong; Camp, Philip J

    2011-04-01

    The following are four ways healthcare organizations are fulfilling their medical real estate needs in an era of change: Real estate monetization. Renovation of existing facilities. A careful focus on containing materials costs. Joint ventures with real estate organizations. PMID:21548432

  10. 42 CFR 23.32 - What conditions are imposed on the use of the loan funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... funds? 23.32 Section 23.32 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PERSONNEL NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS Private Practice Special Loans for Former Corps Members § 23.32 What... providing health services and/or to renovate facilities for use in providing health services in......

  11. Building Blueprints: Open Wide and Say "Ahhh".

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 1999

    1999-01-01

    Discusses a multiphase renovation project at the University of Medicine and Dentistry (New Jersey) that created new administrative offices and instructional spaces along with a state-of-the-art multi use laboratory from its former hospital building. The design establishes a sense of collegiality and interaction for students and faculty. Photos and…

  12. The Long Haul

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Paul W.

    2009-01-01

    Most educational institutions have faced the decision whether to demolish, abandon or sell a facility. This article discusses how institutions can decide whether to renovate or build new. The author suggests to develop a campus- or districtwide master plan. A long-range master plan includes assessments of deferred maintenance, educational…

  13. The Urban Complex in Cattolica, Italy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PEB Exchange, 2003

    2003-01-01

    The Italian city of Cattolica has developed an urban complex, the Piazza della Repubblica, that offers a wide range of public services. In renovated facilities it provides a modern architectural setting based on the idea of a traditional town square. It houses a primary school, cultural center (including a library), and theater, and it is an…

  14. A Bookless Library, Part II: Managing Access Services with No In-House Collections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sewell, Bethany B.

    2013-01-01

    In the spring of 2011, the Penrose Library at the University of Denver began the process of storing all materials, services, and staff to temporary locations in preparation for a building renovation project. The library was faced with the challenge of delivering all materials from an off-site storage facility within two hours of request. A new…

  15. Japan's Eco-School Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mori, Masayuki

    2007-01-01

    Since 1997, several ministries in Japan have collaborated on an eco-school programme, which applies to both newly constructed and renovated school buildings, in an effort to make its schools more environmentally friendly. The programme equips school buildings with ecological features such as photovoltaic cells, solar thermal collectors, other new…

  16. School Buildings: Remodeling; Rehabilitation; Modernization; Repair. Bulletin, 1950, No. 17

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yiles, Nelson E.

    1950-01-01

    Adequate school plants are essential to a modern educational program. The school plant that is not properly maintained soon fails to provide the service for which it was intended. The total program of maintenance, including repairs, renovation, remodeling, rehabilitation, and modernization should be carefully planned. Some tasks will recur at…

  17. Redesigning Space for Interdisciplinary Connections: The Puget Sound Science Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeMarais, Alyce; Narum, Jeanne L.; Wolfson, Adele J.

    2013-01-01

    Mindful design of learning spaces can provide an avenue for supporting student engagement in STEM subjects. Thoughtful planning and wide participation in the design process were key in shaping new and renovated spaces for the STEM community at the University of Puget Sound. The finished project incorporated Puget Sound's mission and goals as…

  18. Estate Agent Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadfield, Jill; Hadfield, Charles

    2006-01-01

    At a time when the term "property porn" makes its way onto the pages of the newest dictionaries ("a genre of escapist TV programmes, magazine features etc, showing desirable properties for sale, especially those in idyllic locations, or in need of renovation, or both"; Collins Dictionary 2005 edition), we thought it would be fun to look at some of…

  19. "Green" School Programs. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, J. Howard

    2009-01-01

    What are "Green School" programs and how do they benefit students, teachers and the community? Green School programs seek to weave concepts of sustainability and environmental awareness into the social and academic culture of the school community. Green schools are high performance facilities that have been designed, built, renovated operated or…

  20. One with the Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    2005-01-01

    As energy costs rise and resources dwindle, schools and universities can benefit greatly by taking an environmentally sensitive approach to construction, renovation and maintenance of facilities. Administrators free up needed budget resources by operating facilities more efficiently. Using sustainable-design strategies can set a good example for…

  1. Pride of the Buckeyes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albanese, Andrew Richard

    2007-01-01

    Late last year, Ohio State University (OSU) library director Joseph Branin graciously invited this author to visit for an up-close look at the William Oxley Thompson library renovation and construction project underway on his campus. He eagerly accepted. Since 2001, when he first began reporting on the project, he has been amazed by the plan, its…

  2. When Money Matters: School Infrastructure Funding and Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crampton, Faith E.; Thompson, David C.

    2011-01-01

    Today's school business officials are more aware than ever of the importance of making every dollar count. As they scour their budgets for possible savings, they may be tempted to reduce investment in school infrastructure, perhaps by deferring maintenance, renovations, and replacement of outdated facilities. However, school business officials…

  3. Designing an Academic Building for 21st-Century Learning: A Dean's Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leather, Deborah J.; Marinho, Rita Duarte

    2009-01-01

    For the last few decades, improving learning space has generally meant renovations to existing space, because raising new buildings has simply not been within most public or private institutions' budgetary capacity. But sometimes, the opportunity to oversee the development of a new building occurs. The dean who is given such an important project…

  4. Today's Schools, Tomorrow's Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nixon, Charles W.

    1998-01-01

    Examines ways to extend the life of middle-aged school buildings when new construction budgets are lacking and renovation funds are scarce. Explains the importance of and provides guidance for making an objective school facility assessment, including assessing the building's purpose, technology requirements, and heating and air conditioning…

  5. Developing a Big-Picture View for Parking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luz, Chris; Burgan, John

    2000-01-01

    Explores how universities and colleges can provide efficient parking and related transportation through careful analysis of current and future parking requirements in light of other institutional building plans, including the institution's master plan. Discussions include new construction versus facility renovations, an alternative to building…

  6. Kentucky School Facilities Planning Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boysen, Thomas C.

    The Kentucky State Board for Elementary and Secondary Education has published this manual containing criteria school districts should use for planning new school construction and renovation projects. The criteria is used for determining the following activities: (1) the selection of the Local Planning Committee (LPC) responsible for the…

  7. 12 CFR 723.21 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS MEMBER BUSINESS LOANS... existing farming operation, this is a member business loan but is not a construction or development loan. A... business or a loan to enhance or expand a borrower's existing business unless those renovations convert...

  8. The Right to Own Quality Head Start Facilities. Facilities Focus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinckney, Shawna

    1995-01-01

    Notes that previously, Head Start programs were restricted to leasing space, which created renovation and rent difficulties. Examines critical issues confronted by programs since 1992 as they searched for suitable facilities to purchase, and efforts of NHSA to foster collaboration between local programs and community organizations that would…

  9. Varsity Hall: The Infirmary at the University of Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christmas, William A.; Turner, James C.

    2008-01-01

    In the past 5 years, an important treasure for the field of college health was rediscovered and has been completely renovated. It is the original student infirmary, now called Varsity Hall, at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. Varsity Hall is a significant rediscovery for those who are interested in the history of college health. This…

  10. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1989 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Interior renovation, Navy recruiting orientation unit, Building No. 45, Architectural second floor plan, Sheet 4 of 29 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  11. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1989 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Interior renovation, Navy recruiting orientation unit, Building No. 45, Architectural floor plan and window details, Sheet 3 of 29 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  12. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1989 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Interior renovation, Navy recruiting orientation unit, Building No. 45, Architectural floor plan and general notes, Sheet 2 of 29 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  13. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1989 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Interior renovation, Navy recruiting orientation unit, Building No. 45, Architectural third floor plan, Sheet 5 of 29 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  14. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1987 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) RENOVATED STORAGE AREA, MEZZANINE LEVEL, BUILDING NO. 1, ARCHITECTURAL FLOOR PLAN AND DETAILS, SHEET 1 OF 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  15. 40 CFR 745.83 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... vacuum cleaner must be designed so that all the air drawn into the machine is expelled through the HEPA... pursuant to 40 CFR 745.326 that is developed for the same purpose. This includes reproductions of the... part (40 CFR 745.223). The term renovation includes (but is not limited to): The removal,...

  16. 40 CFR 745.83 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... vacuum cleaner must be designed so that all the air drawn into the machine is expelled through the HEPA... pursuant to 40 CFR 745.326 that is developed for the same purpose. This includes reproductions of the... part (40 CFR 745.223). The term renovation includes (but is not limited to): The removal,...

  17. 40 CFR 745.83 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... vacuum cleaner must be designed so that all the air drawn into the machine is expelled through the HEPA... pursuant to 40 CFR 745.326 that is developed for the same purpose. This includes reproductions of the... part (40 CFR 745.223). The term renovation includes (but is not limited to): The removal,...

  18. 40 CFR 745.83 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... cleaner must be designed so that all the air drawn into the machine is expelled through the HEPA filter... complying with section 406(b) of TSCA, or any State or Tribal pamphlet approved by EPA pursuant to 40 CFR... CFR 745.223). The term renovation includes (but is not limited to): The removal, modification...

  19. SIRIUS : An Advanced Concept For Photo-Interpretation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petit, Jean L.

    1984-01-01

    With the renovation of its fleet of reconnaissance aircraft, typified by the adoption of a special version of the MIRAGE Fl tactical support aircraft, the French Air Force wanted to rethink all the received reconnaissance concepts by completely renewing its: - sensors, - interpretation equipment, and by adopting advanced systems for : - mission preparation and planning, - stand-off reconnaissance, and - accelerated data access.

  20. 42 CFR 52b.1 - To what programs do these regulations apply?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .... Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, this part applies to all grants awarded by NIH and... obtained from the component of NIH that administers the program. (c) Specific programs excluded. The... project grant (see part 52 of this chapter) or alterations or renovations funded under an NIH center...