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Sample records for energias renovables opcion

  1. 77 FR 74472 - Application to Export Electric Energy; Energia Renovable S.C., LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-14

    ... Application to Export Electric Energy; Energia Renovable S.C., LLC AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and... Renovable) has applied for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico pursuant... application from Energia Renovable for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico...

  2. Energia Renovable para Centros de Salud Rurales (Renewable Energy for Rural Health Clinics)

    SciTech Connect

    Jimenez, T.; Olson, K.

    1999-07-28

    Esta es la primera de una serie de guias de aplicaciones que el Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL esta comisionando para acoplar sistemas comerciales renovables con aplicaciones rurales, incluyendo agua, escuelas rurales y micro empresas. La guia esta complementada por las actividades de desarrollo del Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL, proyectos pilotos internacionales y programas de visitas profesionales.

  3. Interior Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School & University, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes notable interior renovations of educational facilities, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on architects, suppliers, and cost, as well as photographs. (EV)

  4. Interior Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School & University, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes notable interior renovations of educational facilities, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on architects, suppliers, and cost, as well as photographs. (EV)

  5. Shop Talk about Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    1999-01-01

    Discusses key issues in the success of campus renovation projects as viewed by a project manager and an architect. Their observations are presented on economic aspects of renovation, cost control, and project management. (GR)

  6. Summit Renovations, Inc. Information Sheet

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Summit Renovations, Inc. (the Company) is located in Centennial, Colorado. The settlement involves renovation activities conducted at a property constructed prior to 1978, located in Denver, Colorado.

  7. Facility Focus: Historic Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes the renovation of historic buildings at Rice University (conversion of the Chemistry Building into space for the biophysics and bioengineering departments) and at Princeton University (renovation of the Dial Lodge eating club into a building for the Bendheim Center for Finance). Includes photographs. (EV)

  8. Facility Focus: Historic Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes the renovation of historic buildings at Rice University (conversion of the Chemistry Building into space for the biophysics and bioengineering departments) and at Princeton University (renovation of the Dial Lodge eating club into a building for the Bendheim Center for Finance). Includes photographs. (EV)

  9. Road Map for Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Rodney K.

    1996-01-01

    Over time, Bellevue, Washington, Public Schools will be able to renovate each of its 27 schools every 20 years. Site-based input for modernization worked in the district's most recent project. At Eastgate Elementary School a team was composed of the entire staff of 20 teachers, plus the principal and support personnel. A center room was created by…

  10. Ready to Renovate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    2008-01-01

    Schools and universities should have a thorough plan that sets priorities for the most pressing facility renovations. With remedial programs, enrichment offerings, recreational activities and extended-year schedules, many school facilities are no longer dormant in the summer months. The increased year-round use of education facilities benefits…

  11. Physics Lab Renovation 101

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramlo, Susan

    2007-01-01

    If you have an older physics laboratory and/or classroom space, you've probably dreamed about how to make the space more adaptable to today's technology and the best teaching and learning practices. Yet, few articles exist in the literature to give us direction for this type of renovation, thus creating the potential of misspending funds that are…

  12. Physics Lab Renovation 101

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramlo, Susan

    2007-01-01

    If you have an older physics laboratory and/or classroom space, you've probably dreamed about how to make the space more adaptable to today's technology and the best teaching and learning practices. Yet, few articles exist in the literature to give us direction for this type of renovation, thus creating the potential of misspending funds that are…

  13. Ready to Renovate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    2008-01-01

    Schools and universities should have a thorough plan that sets priorities for the most pressing facility renovations. With remedial programs, enrichment offerings, recreational activities and extended-year schedules, many school facilities are no longer dormant in the summer months. The increased year-round use of education facilities benefits…

  14. CEBAF Control Room Renovation

    SciTech Connect

    Michael Spata; Thomas Oren

    2005-05-01

    The Machine Control Center (MCC) at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facility's 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve workflow processes and ergonomic attributes. This effort also sets the foundation for the redevelopment of the accelerator's control system to deliver high reliability performance with improvements in beam specifications management and information flow. The complete renovation was performed over a three-week maintenance period with no interruption to beam operations. We present the results of this effort.

  15. CEBAF Control Room Renovation

    SciTech Connect

    Michael Spata; Thomas Oren

    2005-05-01

    The Machine Control Center at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on workflow processes and ergonomic attributes. This effort also sets the foundation for the redevelopment of the accelerator's control system to deliver high reliability performance with improvements in beam specifications management and information flow. The complete renovation was performed over a three-week period with no interruption to beam operations. We present the results of this effort.

  16. CEBAF Control Room Renovation

    SciTech Connect

    Michael Spata; Anthony Cuffe; Thomas Oren

    2005-03-22

    The Machine Control Center (MCC) at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) was constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on work-flow processes and ergonomic attributes. The renovation was performed in two phases during the summer of 2004, with one phase occurring during machine operations and the latter, more extensive phase, occurring during our semi-annual shutdown period. The new facility takes advantage of advances in display technology, analog and video signal management, server technology, ergonomic workspace design, lighting engineering, acoustic ceilings and raised flooring solutions to provide a marked improvement in the overall environment of machine operations.

  17. Teaching Laboratory Renovation

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Zuhairi, Ali Jassim; Al-Dahhan, Wedad; Hussein, Falah; Rodda, Kabrena E.; Yousif, Emad

    2016-12-21

    Scientists at universities across Iraq are actively working to report actual incidents and accidents occurring in their laboratories, as well as structural improvements made to improve safety and security, to raise awareness and encourage openness, leading to widespread adoption of robust Chemical Safety and Security (CSS) practices. The improvement of students’ understanding of concepts in science and its applications, practical scientific skills and understanding of how science and scientists work in laboratory experiences have been considered key aspects of education in science for over 100 years. Facility requirements for the necessary level of safety and security combined with specific requirements relevant to the course to be conducted dictate the structural design of a particular laboratory, and the design process must address both. This manuscript is the second in a series of five case studies describing laboratory incidents, accidents, and laboratory improvements. We summarize the process used to guide a major renovation of the chemistry instructional laboratory facilities at Al-Nahrain University and discuss lessons learned from the project.

  18. How To Renovate for Sustainability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturgeon, Julie

    2003-01-01

    Suggests ways to renovate buildings with sustainability in mind, with specific tips in the areas of: (1) lights; energy management; (3) walls and roofs; (4) water; and (5) aesthetics. No one thing will make a building sustainable; it is the aggregate that makes it effective. (SLD)

  19. How to Survive Library Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Linda Stern

    1992-01-01

    Describes the renovation of the library at Walnut Hill School for the Arts (Natick, Massachusetts). Topics discussed include initial planning; packing up the collection for storage; dealing with construction delays while maintaining some library service; moving into the new space; student and teacher reactions; and the effects on library use. (LRW)

  20. Renovating To Meet ADA Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huber, Judy; Jones, Garry

    2003-01-01

    Using the examples of Owen D. Young School in Van Hornesville, New York, and the Tonawanda City school district in Buffalo, New York, describes how school planners should take the accessibility standards mandated by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) into account when renovating. (EV)

  1. How to Survive Library Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Linda Stern

    1992-01-01

    Describes the renovation of the library at Walnut Hill School for the Arts (Natick, Massachusetts). Topics discussed include initial planning; packing up the collection for storage; dealing with construction delays while maintaining some library service; moving into the new space; student and teacher reactions; and the effects on library use. (LRW)

  2. How To Renovate for Sustainability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturgeon, Julie

    2003-01-01

    Suggests ways to renovate buildings with sustainability in mind, with specific tips in the areas of: (1) lights; energy management; (3) walls and roofs; (4) water; and (5) aesthetics. No one thing will make a building sustainable; it is the aggregate that makes it effective. (SLD)

  3. Renovating To Meet ADA Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huber, Judy; Jones, Garry

    2003-01-01

    Using the examples of Owen D. Young School in Van Hornesville, New York, and the Tonawanda City school district in Buffalo, New York, describes how school planners should take the accessibility standards mandated by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) into account when renovating. (EV)

  4. Iranian children inform renovation project.

    PubMed

    Litkouhi, Sanaz

    2012-10-01

    Dr Sanaz Litkouhi, assistant professor and director of the Architecture and Urban Planning Department at the Payame Noor University, in Tehran, the author of a number of previous articles for HEJ on optimal design of healthcare facilities for children and adolescents (HEJ - November 2007, March 2008, and May 2010), describes how service users' views were carefully gauged and taken into consideration in a project involving renovation of part of the Shahid Bahrami Children's Hospital in Tehran.

  5. School Gymnasiums--When To Renovate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knouse, S. Dwight, II

    2002-01-01

    Discusses considerations when contemplating gym renovation, including examples of illustrative schools: Is the current volume adequate to consider renovation? Does the current structure allow for expansion? How will Americans with disabilities regulations affect the project? Is there an alternate space to hold classes and sporting events during…

  6. 75 FR 39524 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre-Renovation Education Activities in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-09

    ... AGENCY Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre- Renovation Education Activities in... TSCA, 15 U.S.C. 2682(c)(3), and a lead-based paint pre-renovation education program in accordance with... renovation and remodeling activities of pre-1978 housing and child-occupied facilities in the State of...

  7. Include Passive Solar in Your Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bender, Gerald F.; Probasco, Jack F.

    1981-01-01

    A checklist covers potential energy saving modifications in a building scheduled for renovation, and includes suggestions for room utilization, landscaping, and building envelope, solar control, and active system modifications. (Author)

  8. Sensible Guide for Healthier School Renovations

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This booklet provides school administrators, facility managers, staff and the school community with an overview of how to avoid key environmental health hazards and ways to minimize children’s exposures as they prepare for and undergo renovations.

  9. Amalaco LLC, d/b/a MJM Renovation Information Sheet

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Amalaco LLC, d/b/a MJM Renovation (the Company) is located in St. Louis, Missouri. The settlement involves renovation activities conducted at a property constructed prior to 1978, located in St. Louis, Missouri.

  10. The renovation of Madison's Oscar Mayer Theater

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Myers, Joseph W. A.; Calamia, Paul T.

    2002-05-01

    Originally opened in 1928 as the Capitol Theatre, the Oscar Mayer Theatre in Madison, WI underwent substantial renovation in 1980 to support its current performance program. The theatre is now home to the Madison Symphony and the Madison Opera, and is used for ballet, touring shows, and popular concerts as well. As part of the ongoing Overture Project which will transform the theatre's home, the Madison Civic Center, into the Overture Center, the Oscar Mayer Theatre will be further improved to support its new role. In this paper we will discuss the reasoning behind the upcoming renovation within the context of the Overture Project, we will describe the pending architectural modifications to the theatre, and we will discuss the intended changes in acoustics. Computer modeling results will also be presented for the existing and renovated conditions.

  11. 76 FR 27044 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre-Renovation Education Activities in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... exposures that cause serious lead poisonings, especially in children under age 6, who are particularly... AGENCY Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre- Renovation Education Activities in...(c)(3) of TSCA, 15 U.S.C. 2682(c)(3), and a lead-based paint pre-renovation education program...

  12. Remodeling, Renovation, & Conversion of Educational Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Physical Plant Administrators of Universities and Colleges, Washington, DC.

    Based on a series of workshops, this collection of papers provides a framework for thought--emphasizing planning within time, flexibility, and maintenance constraints--as well as a practical guide for actual engineering of remodeling/renovation/conversion projects. Is remodeling always less expensive than new construction? Should high initial…

  13. Renovating Older Schools: Reusing Older Schools Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State. Educational Design Inst.

    A slide presentation examines the decisionmaking process behind whether a community should renovate their older school facilities or abandon them for new facilities. Three factors to be considered in this decision are addressed and involve the school's location, the history of the school, and the relationship of the school to the community and the…

  14. The Security Factor in School Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    1998-01-01

    Discusses how one Indiana high school used its renovation as an opportunity to reevaluate the school's security design. Security considerations in the building's external and internal environment include lighting, directional signage, parking, access control technology, and issues regarding the use of closed circuit television. (GR)

  15. Eight Budget-Stretching Renovation Ideas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rittner-Heir, Robbin M.

    1997-01-01

    Provides eight tips on how to save money during school district renovation when budgets are tight. Suggestions discussed include the use of volunteers for some basic work, offering summer maintenance positions to existing employees, adding an energy monitoring system, replacing older heating and lighting systems, and renting classroom space during…

  16. Eight Budget-Stretching Renovation Ideas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rittner-Heir, Robbin M.

    1997-01-01

    Provides eight tips on how to save money during school district renovation when budgets are tight. Suggestions discussed include the use of volunteers for some basic work, offering summer maintenance positions to existing employees, adding an energy monitoring system, replacing older heating and lighting systems, and renting classroom space during…

  17. First Steps in Planning for Facilities Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baule, Steven

    1999-01-01

    Discusses how to plan for a new school library media center or renovate an existing facility. Highlights include the importance of a planning team; the role of the architect; brainstorming, including instructional needs, patron services, library administration, and technology infrastructure; site visits to other media centers; and needs…

  18. Energy-Efficient Renovation of Educational Buildings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erhorn-Kluttig, Heike; Morck, Ove

    2005-01-01

    Case studies demonstrating energy-efficient renovation of educational buildings collected by the International Energy Agency (IEA) provide information on retrofit technologies, energy-saving approaches and ventilation strategies. Some general findings are presented here along with one case study, Egebjerg School in Denmark, which shows how natural…

  19. The Security Factor in School Renovations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    1998-01-01

    Discusses how one Indiana high school used its renovation as an opportunity to reevaluate the school's security design. Security considerations in the building's external and internal environment include lighting, directional signage, parking, access control technology, and issues regarding the use of closed circuit television. (GR)

  20. First Light of the Renovated Thacher Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Neill, Katie; Yin, Yao; Edwards, Nick; Swift, Jonathan

    2017-01-01

    The Thacher Observatory, originally a collaboration between UCLA (P.I. G. Abell), Caltech, Pomona College, and the Thacher School, was built in the early 1960s. The goal of the facility was to serve as a training ground for undergraduate and graduate students in Los Angeles area colleges and also to provide hands-on technical training and experience for Thacher students. It was the birthplace of the Summer Science Program which continues today at other campuses. The observatory has now been fully renovated and modernized with a new, 0.7m telescope and dome that can be controlled remotely and in an automated manner. Science programs involving accurate and precise photometry have been initiated, and we project that we will be presenting the first scientific results of the renovated observatory at this meeting.

  1. Autophagy: renovation of cells and tissues.

    PubMed

    Mizushima, Noboru; Komatsu, Masaaki

    2011-11-11

    Autophagy is the major intracellular degradation system by which cytoplasmic materials are delivered to and degraded in the lysosome. However, the purpose of autophagy is not the simple elimination of materials, but instead, autophagy serves as a dynamic recycling system that produces new building blocks and energy for cellular renovation and homeostasis. Here we provide a multidisciplinary review of our current understanding of autophagy's role in metabolic adaptation, intracellular quality control, and renovation during development and differentiation. We also explore how recent mouse models in combination with advances in human genetics are providing key insights into how the impairment or activation of autophagy contributes to pathogenesis of diverse diseases, from neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson disease to inflammatory disorders such as Crohn disease. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Renovating animal facilities to withstand disasters.

    PubMed

    Cartwright, Jim; Contratto, Jim; Gould, Nathan; Freeman, William

    2013-10-01

    In the aftermath of Superstorm Sandy, new attention has been drawn to planning for and mitigating the effects of disasters on laboratory animal facilities. A number of design approaches and solutions can be easily incorporated into a new vivarium, enhancing its ability to withstand and recover from a disaster. Renovating a vivarium poses special challenges, however. Existing conditions in the project area may dictate which approaches or solutions are feasible, and retrofitting is often more complex and expensive than incorporating the same features into new construction. The authors explain how project design teams can evaluate the types of disasters that a renovated facility will need to address and develop a design strategy that responds to these disasters in the most effective way.

  3. Asbestos exposure during home renovation in New South Wales.

    PubMed

    Park, Eun-Kee; Yates, Deborah H; Hyland, Rebecca A; Johnson, Anthony R

    2013-09-16

    Asbestos exposure is causally associated with the development of malignant mesothelioma (MM), which is increasingly being reported after exposure to asbestos fibro sheeting in Australia. In this study, we investigate self-reported non-occupational asbestos exposure during home renovation in New South Wales. Cross-sectional mailed questionnaire examining renovation activity, tasks undertaken during renovation and self-reported exposure to asbestos among respondents and their family members in NSW between January and June 2008. 10 000 adults aged 18-99 years, randomly selected from the NSW electoral roll. We received 3612 responses, while 365 questionnaires did not reach addressees, giving an overall response rate of 37.5%. Differences in self-reported asbestos exposure between do-it-yourself (DIY) and non-DIY renovators. 1597 participants (44.2%) had renovated their home and among these, 858 participants (53.7%) self-reported as DIY renovators. Of these, 527 (61.4%) reported asbestos exposure during home renovations, 337 (39.3%) reported that their partner had been exposed to asbestos during renovations, and 196 (22.8%) reported that their children had been exposed. More than 20% of renovators planned to further renovate their current homes within the next 5 years. Self-reported asbestos exposure during home renovation is common. This preventable exposure could place adults and children at risk of MM many years into the future. Although such exposure is self-reported and ideally should be verified, this study identifies a potentially important problem in NSW.

  4. Library Renovation Leads to Soul Searching at Cal Poly

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2006-01-01

    This article reports on a library renovation at California State Polytechnic University at Pomona which incurs complaints from professors and librarians about a shift from print to online materials. The $60-million project at Cal Poly is providing a difficult lesson in the challenges of library renovation, and in the changing role of one of the…

  5. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standard for demolition and renovation... for Asbestos § 61.145 Standard for demolition and renovation. (a) Applicability. To determine which requirements of paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this section apply to the owner or operator of a demolition or...

  6. Rural Schools Facilities: Additions & Renovations As an Integrated Sequence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swedberg, Dan

    The community/school relationship is considered vital in helping rural school districts adapt to changing needs through renovation and/or expansion of its school facilities. How these needs are met involves choices that include consolidation with another district, new school construction, or renovation and adding on to an existing school. This…

  7. Indoor Air Quality of Residential Building Before and After Renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sánka, Imrich; Földváry, Veronika

    2017-06-01

    This study investigates the impact of energy renovation on the indoor air quality of an apartment building during the heating season. The study was performed in one residential building before and after its renovation. An evaluation of the indoor air quality was performed using objective measurements and a subjective survey. The concentration of CO2 was measured in the bedrooms, and a sampling of the total volatile compounds (TVOC) was performed in the living rooms of the selected apartments. Higher concentrations of CO2 and TVOC were observed in the residential building after its renovation. The concentrations of CO2, and TVOC in some of the cases exceeded the recommended maximum limits, especially after implementing energy-saving measures on the building. The average air exchange rate was visibly higher before the renovation of the building. The current study indicates that large-scale renovations may reduce the quality of an indoor environment in many apartments, especially in the winter season.

  8. 75 FR 6383 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre-Renovation Education Activities in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ... exposures that cause serious lead poisonings, especially in children under age 6, who are particularly... AGENCY Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre- Renovation Education Activities in... accordance with section 402(c)(3) of TSCA, 15 U.S.C. 2682(c)(3), and a lead-based paint...

  9. 16 CFR 1632.63 - Policy clarification on renovation of mattress.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy clarification on renovation of...) Interpretations and Policies § 1632.63 Policy clarification on renovation of mattress. (a) Section 3 of the... does not exempt renovation; nor does it specifically refer to renovation. (b) The purpose of this...

  10. Window renovation and exposure to lead--an observational study.

    PubMed

    Mason, Howard; Gallagher, Frank; Sen, Dil

    2005-12-01

    Renovation of windows in old houses has recently established itself as an industry. A recognizable occupational lead exposure exists, which has not been studied previously. To compare lead exposure amongst window renovators with other groups of lead-exposed workers. Using blood lead results measured at the Health and Safety Laboratory (HSL), Sheffield, comparisons were made between three cohorts: window renovation workers, all male workers monitored by HSL during the period 1999-2001 and 63 male subjects involved in chemical paint-stripping of wood. Both the window renovation and the wood-stripping cohorts show significantly higher blood lead distributions than the 'all workers' cohort (P < 0.001). A similar pattern was also found for comparison of the prevalence of subjects above the UK suspension level of 60 microg/dl (2.89 microM) (window renovation, P < 0.001; wood-stripping, P < 0.0001). Blood lead results at or above the suspension level in wood-strippers were significantly higher compared to window renovators (P = 0.034). Window renovation is shown to present a potential for significant lead exposure, and suspension from work under The Control of Lead at Work Regulations 2002. Two groups of risk factors predominate: the well-documented potential for release of lead from old paint, and the peripatetic nature of the work.

  11. Tips for cleanroom construction and renovation.

    PubMed

    Mixon, William; Huffman, Lanny

    2009-01-01

    The installation or renovation of a cleanroom is an increasing priority among compounders who, to offer sterile preparations, must comply with the most recent version of United States Pharmacopeia revised General Chapter 797 guidelines. To upgrade their pharmacy facilites, many compounders have worked successfully with a large-scale mechanical engineering firm or a specialized construction company dedicated to cleanroom installation. However, a qualified local mechanical contractor with design capability is a valuable and often overlooked resource for the construction of customized stae-of-the-art cleanrooms. In this report, we describe the installation of such a facility in a busy pharmacy and suggest ways in which compounding pharmacists can identify competent local contractors and control the cost of construction and upgrades. The addition of a cleanroom has enabled The Compounding Pharmacy in Hickory, North Carolina, to achieve accreditation from the Pharmacy Compounding Accreditation Board.

  12. Acoustical components of the Orpheum Theatre renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conant, David A.

    2002-05-01

    The before and after acoustically-important listening conditions and measurements are described for a $14.2 million restoration and renovation of this 1,400-seat grand 1929 Movie Palace-at one time the tallest building in Phoenix. Great care was taken to restore all the acoustically good parts of the original design and to subtly modify the acoustically-troublesome parts (including severely focusing dome and sidewalls) so they looked the same but performed properly. A beautiful playhouse was achieved in 1997 with fine, fixed acoustics and conventional audio reinforcement, a surrounding Italian village, plenty of gilt, moving clouds and sunsets overhead. Today, the venue successfully hosts shows from performance art to ballet to jazz. It was not intended (acoustically) to serve classical music but does so on occasion.

  13. Revised Interim Final Consolidated Enforcement Response and Penalty Policy for the Pre-Renovation Education Rule; Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule; and Lead-Based Paint Activities Rule

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This is the revised version of the Interim Final Consolidated Enforcement Response and Penalty Policy for the Pre-Renovation Education Rule; Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule; and Lead-Based Paint Activities Rule.

  14. Maintaining Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) during Construction and Renovation

    MedlinePlus

    ... and licensed contractors are required to conduct renovation. Biological Materials Chronic dampness from water intrusion leads to ... require special precautions prior to demolition to prevent biological dusts from dispersing in the occupied space. Another ...

  15. Photocopy of ground floor plan, ca. 12939. Plans and renovations ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of ground floor plan, ca. 12939. Plans and renovations required for the 1940-1941 addition are overlaid on the original plan - Stamford Post Office, 421 Atlantic Street, Stamford, Fairfield County, CT

  16. Renovation and expansion of an academic health sciences library.

    PubMed Central

    Horres, M M; Hitt, S

    1984-01-01

    Planning is described for the renovation, expansion, and principal design features of the Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The three-and-a-half-year construction project resulted in the addition of three floors over the existing building and a complete renovation of the original floor space. An architectural summary provides statistics on project costs and building capacities. Images PMID:6743879

  17. Questionnaire study of perceived listening quality in renovated university classrooms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hodgson, Murray; Davies, Hugh

    2005-04-01

    The research reported here investigated the effect of renovations on student perception of the listening environment in university classrooms. It involved four large classrooms at the University of British Columbia which were studied before and after acoustical renovation. Details of the renovations were identified. Measurements of reverberation time, background-noise level and sound propagation were made in each case. Room-average Speech Transmission Indices were calculated as a physically-based summary quality measure, and their changes on renovation were determined. Questionnaires designed to determine student and instructor perception of the listening environment, as well as the personal, academic and environmental factors that might affect it, were administered to a large number of students taking classes in each classroom, and their instructors, before and after renovation. A summary Perceived Listening Ease (PLE) score, measuring student perception of the quality of the listening environment, was calculated for each questionnaire from the responses. Room-average PLE scores, and the changes on renovation, were then calculated. These results were related to the physical measurement results. Physical, personal, academic and environmental factors affecting the changes in PLE score were investigated. The implications of the results for classroom design were considered.

  18. Neural Pathway of Renovative and Innovative Products Appreciation

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Furong; Chiu, Chiyue; Luo, Jing

    2016-01-01

    According to the level of change an invention makes on existing things and how it overrides people’s mental schemas on established categories, new inventions can be classified into two groups: incremental inventions (i.e., renovations), which make minor improvements on existing designs, and radical inventions (i.e., innovations), which make major developments that enable people to do things they have never been able to do before. Although innovation and renovation are two fundamentally different types of creation that feature new changes ranging from those in product development to those in large scale social changes, and people tend to report higher subjective preferences for incremental inventions compared to radical inventions, the cognitive brain mechanisms underlying the mental representation of these two types of inventions remains unknown. Through the use of innovative and renovative designs as materials, we found that relative to non-creative designs, creative (renovative &innovative) designs enhanced memory or association-related activation in the right parahippocampus. In particular, innovations evoked more activation in the conceptual pathway for representing objects than did renovations, whereas renovations evoked more activation in the motor pathway than innovations. These results suggest that operating experiences may provide advantages for understanding and appreciating creative designs. PMID:27941936

  19. Neural Pathway of Renovative and Innovative Products Appreciation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Furong; Chiu, Chiyue; Luo, Jing

    2016-12-01

    According to the level of change an invention makes on existing things and how it overrides people’s mental schemas on established categories, new inventions can be classified into two groups: incremental inventions (i.e., renovations), which make minor improvements on existing designs, and radical inventions (i.e., innovations), which make major developments that enable people to do things they have never been able to do before. Although innovation and renovation are two fundamentally different types of creation that feature new changes ranging from those in product development to those in large scale social changes, and people tend to report higher subjective preferences for incremental inventions compared to radical inventions, the cognitive brain mechanisms underlying the mental representation of these two types of inventions remains unknown. Through the use of innovative and renovative designs as materials, we found that relative to non-creative designs, creative (renovative &innovative) designs enhanced memory or association-related activation in the right parahippocampus. In particular, innovations evoked more activation in the conceptual pathway for representing objects than did renovations, whereas renovations evoked more activation in the motor pathway than innovations. These results suggest that operating experiences may provide advantages for understanding and appreciating creative designs.

  20. Neural Pathway of Renovative and Innovative Products Appreciation.

    PubMed

    Huang, Furong; Chiu, Chiyue; Luo, Jing

    2016-12-12

    According to the level of change an invention makes on existing things and how it overrides people's mental schemas on established categories, new inventions can be classified into two groups: incremental inventions (i.e., renovations), which make minor improvements on existing designs, and radical inventions (i.e., innovations), which make major developments that enable people to do things they have never been able to do before. Although innovation and renovation are two fundamentally different types of creation that feature new changes ranging from those in product development to those in large scale social changes, and people tend to report higher subjective preferences for incremental inventions compared to radical inventions, the cognitive brain mechanisms underlying the mental representation of these two types of inventions remains unknown. Through the use of innovative and renovative designs as materials, we found that relative to non-creative designs, creative (renovative &innovative) designs enhanced memory or association-related activation in the right parahippocampus. In particular, innovations evoked more activation in the conceptual pathway for representing objects than did renovations, whereas renovations evoked more activation in the motor pathway than innovations. These results suggest that operating experiences may provide advantages for understanding and appreciating creative designs.

  1. Reconstructing School Renovation: A Study of the Renovation of Johnson-Williams Middle School, Berryville, Virginia. Building Blocks to Better Learning Series, Volume Six.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuttle, James B., II

    This document provides a case study of the renovation of Johnson-Williams Middle School in Clarke County, Virginia. Chapter 1, "Planning and Designing a School Renovation," describes considerations for measuring the quality of a school renovation project, including its value to users and its imapct on learning. It summarizes the research…

  2. Renovated GOSAT operation beyond the designed lifetime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suto, Hiroshi; Kuze, Akihiko; Shiomi, Kei; Nakajima, Masakatsu

    2016-09-01

    To observe the global column concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) from space, the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) was launched on January 23, 2009, and has started the operational observation. Thermal and Near Infrared Sensor for Carbon Observation - Fourier Transform Spectrometer (TANSO-FTS) has been continuously measuring CO2 and CH4 distributions globally, and supporting the global carbon cycle elucidation. It is important to monitor the greenhouse gases in long-term period with same data quality. During 7.5 years operational periods, GOSAT passed the designed lifetime, which is 5 years, and some components report the change of characteristic in-orbit. The pointing mechanism, which has a capability of change a line of scene both of along track and cross track, is equipped on GOSAT. To keep the quality of spectra from TANSO-FTS and try to ambitious observation plan, the pointing mechanism is switched to the backup one in January 2015. In addition, the spectral resolution is degraded due to the bias of ZPD position science 2014. The compensation algorithm is developed and implemented on the operational system and completed the reprocessing for all passed observation data. The pointing mechanism, observation pattern, and processing algorithm were renovated, and GOSAT can provide the long-term and consistent quality spectra.

  3. [Cell renovation in the intestinal epithelium in aging].

    PubMed

    Gusel'nikova, E A; Konovalov, S S; Poliakova, V O; Kvetnoĭ, I M

    2010-01-01

    The ability to cell renovation of two basic cell types of intestinal mucosa is the important mechanism for the regulation and support of the gut physiological functions in aging and under the influence of the ecological negative factors. The study of the processes of cell renovation of the intestinal epithelial and neuroendocrine cells in physiological and radiological aging has a great interest, because the irradiation in the subletal doses could be considered as the model of artificial aging, and this fact enables studying of the radiological influence as the ecological factor, promoting the aging. In this study, the increase of cell proliferation in intestinal mucosa in physiological as well as artificial aging was observed. It was shown, that the total population of mitotic cells increases two times. These data testify about active participation of the mechanisms of cell renovation in the safety of gut functions during aging.

  4. The Renovation and Future Capabilities of the Thacher Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Neill, Katie; Osuna, Natalie; Edwards, Nick; Klink, Douglas; Swift, Jonathan; Vyhnal, Chris; Meyer, Kurt

    2016-01-01

    The Thacher School is in the process of renovating the campus observatory with a new meter class telescope and full automation capabilities for the purpose of scientific research and education. New equipment on site has provided a preliminary site characterization including seeing and V-band sky brightness measurements. These data, along with commissioning data from the MINERVA project (which uses comparable hardware) are used to estimate the capabilities of the observatory once renovation is complete. Our V-band limiting magnitude is expected to be better than 21.3 for a one minute integration time, and we estimate that milli-magnitude precision photometry will be possible for a V=14.5 point source over approximately 5 min timescales. The quick response, autonomous operation, and multi-band photometric capabilities of the renovated observatory will make it a powerful follow-up science facility for exoplanets, eclipsing binaries, near-Earth objects, stellar variability, and supernovae.

  5. Bethune-Cookman University STEM Research Lab. DOE Renovation Project

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, Herbert W.

    2012-03-31

    DOE funding was used to renovate 4,500 square feet of aging laboratories and classrooms that support science, engineering, and mathematics disciplines (specifically environmental science, and computer engineering). The expansion of the labs was needed to support robotics and environmental science research, and to better accommodate a wide variety of teaching situations. The renovated space includes a robotics laboratory, two multi-use labs, safe spaces for the storage of instrumentation, modern ventilation equipment, and other “smart” learning venues. The renovated areas feature technologies that are environmentally friendly with reduced energy costs. A campus showcase, the laboratories are a reflection of the University’s commitment to the environment and research as a tool for teaching. As anticipated, the labs facilitate the exploration of emerging technologies that are compatible with local and regional economic plans.

  6. Space planning: a renovation saga involving library users.

    PubMed

    Norton, Hannah F; Butson, Linda C; Tennant, Michele R; Botero, Cecilia E

    2013-01-01

    From 2010 to 2012, librarians at the University of Florida Health Science Center Library (HSCL) used an online survey and focus groups to gather user input on preferences for an ideal library space. User input guided the HSCL's renovation plans and put a clear focus on enhancing technology, improving infrastructure, enabling group collaboration, and creating comfortable spaces. Additional communication with users during renovation was vital in ensuring continued usability of nonconstruction spaces and shared understanding of the construction timeline. While specific user suggestions are particular to the HSCL, overall themes and methods for eliciting input will be useful to other libraries undergoing space planning.

  7. Development of Facilities Master Plan and Laboratory Renovation Project

    SciTech Connect

    Fox, Andrea D

    2011-10-03

    Funding from this grant has allowed Morehouse School of Medicine to complete its first professionally developed, comprehensive campus master plan that is in alignment with the recently completed strategic plan. In addition to master planning activities, funds were used for programming and designing research renovations, and also to supplement other research facility upgrades by providing lighting and equipment. The activities funded by this grant will provide the catalyst for substantial improvement in the School's overall facilities for biomedical education and research, and will also provide much of the information needed to conduct a successful campaign to raise funds for proposed buildings and renovations.

  8. 45 CFR 1309.11 - Cost comparison for purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... major renovation of facilities. 1309.11 Section 1309.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public... ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START FACILITIES PURCHASE, MAJOR... major renovation of facilities. (a) A grantee proposing to acquire or undertake a major renovation of a...

  9. Renovating the 1960s School to the 2010 School Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helgesen, Christian E.

    2010-01-01

    Fast-forward fifty years (from the 1960s) to 2010, and the question becomes, why should we consider renovating the 1960s school era buildings, especially if they maybe lacking culturally, economically and technologically from the present? Isn't it easier to create the 2010 school model as a new facility and build what is needed from the ground up?…

  10. Making the Case for Facility Modernization, Renovation, and Repairs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwok, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Like homeowners with limited budgets and a long list of repairs, school districts often must make tough choices when it comes to deciding what building systems to modernize, renovate, or repair--or when to build new facilities. With $44 billion now available for states and schools under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, stimulus…

  11. Renovation and Management Effects on Pasture Productivity Under Rotational Grazing

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Adapted, perennial grasses with improved yield or persistence are available for pasture renovation, but grazers must consider how productive and persistent the new grass will be compared to their existing grasses under their current management. Our objective was to compare the productivity and pers...

  12. Renovation and Management Effects on Pasture Productivity Under Rotational Grazing

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Renovating permanent pasture to replace existing cool-season perennial grasses with improved varieties has potential risk and reward. Improved grasses may increase long-term productivity, but these increases should offset costs associated with replacing an existing stand. We eliminated existing pe...

  13. School Building Renovation and Student Performance: One District's Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Lorraine E.

    A case study explores the importance of the educational setting and its affect on student learning, performance, attitude, and behavior. The study focuses on the facilities planner's perspective and raises important questions needing further study. Among the study's findings are the importance of timing in a school district's renovation projects,…

  14. AFRL Solid Propellant Laboratory Explosive Siting and Renovation Lessons Learned

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-19

    AFRL Solid Propellant Laboratory Explosive Siting and Renovation Lessons Learned Daniel F. Schwartz Air Force Research Laboratory ...9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) Air Force Research Laboratory (AFMC) AFRL /RZS...provide the United States Air Force with advanced rocket propulsion technologies, the Air Force Research

  15. Common Day Care Safety Renovations: Descriptions, Explanations and Cost Estimates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spack, Stan

    This booklet explains some of the day care safety features specified by the new Massachusetts State Building Code (January 1, 1975) which must be met before a new day care center can be licensed. The safety features described are those which most often require renovation to meet the building code standards. Best estimates of the costs involved in…

  16. Tribal Child Care Facilities: A Guide to Construction and Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Health and Human Services, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 allowed Tribes to use Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) monies for the construction or renovation of child care facilities. As procedures have been implemented over the years, Tribes and Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Regional Offices have identified a…

  17. Renovating To Support the Seven Ways Students Are Smart.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bete, Tim, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    Describes one school's approach to school renovation that supported the seven ways in which students are smart as advocated by Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory. It includes a highlighted section on MI that covers its framework, descriptions of each intelligences, and five entry points to the MI framework. (GR)

  18. Modern offices now occupying the completely renovated "machine shop" area ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Modern offices now occupying the completely renovated "machine shop" area (see drawing copy NV-35-B-5) at the Southeast corner of the building. - Bureau of Mines Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Original Building, Date Street north of U.S. Highway 93, Boulder City, Clark County, NV

  19. Renovation vs. New Construction: Choosing the Right Path

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cruickshank, Catherine; Statz, Sam

    2013-01-01

    construction, many district administrators face a fork in the road: renovate or opt for new construction? The importance of this decision should not be taken lightly; it can have serious ramifications for years to come. Each situation is unique. Just as no two students are…

  20. Compliance with 504 regulations need not require costly renovation.

    PubMed

    Rees, F W; Gary, J G

    1978-05-16

    By June 3, 1980, all hospitals receiving federal funds must have completed plans to make facilities accessible to the handicapped. In many instances, doing so will require hospitals to renovate existing facilities. However, through careful interpretation of the law and creative planning, hospitals can avoid making expensive, unnecessary building modifications.

  1. Tribal Child Care Facilities: A Guide to Construction and Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Child Care Information Center, Vienna, VA.

    This document provides technical assistance in addressing major areas of the child care facility construction and renovation process, including conducting a child care community needs assessment, identifying a site, financing costs, developing a business plan, conducting an environmental assessment, building and designing a facility, and hiring…

  2. Common Day Care Safety Renovations: Descriptions, Explanations and Cost Estimates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spack, Stan

    This booklet explains some of the day care safety features specified by the new Massachusetts State Building Code (January 1, 1975) which must be met before a new day care center can be licensed. The safety features described are those which most often require renovation to meet the building code standards. Best estimates of the costs involved in…

  3. Renovations: Take the Time To Do It Right.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Haan, Alan B.

    2000-01-01

    Explains how working with architects, involving the community, and developing a comprehensive program can eliminate many of the problems encountered when planning a school renovation. Steps in program development are highlighted, including discussions on each of the factors in building programs, such as enrollment trends, space needs, technology…

  4. Renovation and Management Effects on Pasture Productivity Under Rotational Grazing

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Adapted, perennial grasses with improved yield or persistence are available for pasture renovation, but grazers must consider how productive and persistent the new grass will be compared to their existing grasses under their current management. Our objective was to compare the productivity and pers...

  5. Maintaining High-Performance Schools after Construction or Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luepke, Gary; Ronsivalli, Louis J., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    With taxpayers' considerable investment in schools, it is critical for school districts to preserve their community's assets with new construction or renovation and effective facility maintenance programs. "High-performance" school buildings are designed to link the physical environment to positive student achievement while providing such benefits…

  6. Resource Book for Furniture Renovation, Refinishing and Reupholstering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barton, Diane; Robinson, Jay

    This resource book for furniture renovation (refinishing and reupholstering) is one of four resource books developed for use in Code 30 or adult vocational programs in the home furnishings service area. Representative, illustrative, and informative materials contained in the resource book are Furniture Woods, Cuts and Matching Veneers, Wood…

  7. Renovating Early Childhood Education Pedagogy: A Case Study in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thao, Dang Phuong; Boyd, Wendy Anne

    2014-01-01

    Since 2003, the Vietnamese government has prioritised curriculum reform efforts and commitment to improving the quality of the national curriculum. The Vietnamese early childhood education renovation has encountered considerable changes and challenges, particularly in the area of pedagogical approaches. Many early childhood teachers continue to…

  8. Renovating the 1960s School to the 2010 School Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helgesen, Christian E.

    2010-01-01

    Fast-forward fifty years (from the 1960s) to 2010, and the question becomes, why should we consider renovating the 1960s school era buildings, especially if they maybe lacking culturally, economically and technologically from the present? Isn't it easier to create the 2010 school model as a new facility and build what is needed from the ground up?…

  9. 45 CFR 1309.5 - Eligibility-Major Renovations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eligibility-Major Renovations. 1309.5 Section 1309.5 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES,...

  10. 45 CFR 1309.5 - Eligibility-Major Renovations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Eligibility-Major Renovations. 1309.5 Section 1309.5 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES,...

  11. 45 CFR 1309.5 - Eligibility-Major Renovations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Eligibility-Major Renovations. 1309.5 Section 1309.5 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES,...

  12. 45 CFR 1309.5 - Eligibility-Major Renovations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Eligibility-Major Renovations. 1309.5 Section 1309.5 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES,...

  13. 45 CFR 1309.5 - Eligibility-Major Renovations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Eligibility-Major Renovations. 1309.5 Section 1309.5 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES,...

  14. Renovating Interior Office Space: What a Manager Needs To Consider.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babey, Evelyn R.

    When planning an office renovation, a manager should design an office layout that is efficient and should consider the psychological aspects of office design, including sound level, color harmony, and lighting. The manager must also have a good understanding of all phases of the project plan and the timing involved. There are basically five phases…

  15. Renovating Early Childhood Education Pedagogy: A Case Study in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thao, Dang Phuong; Boyd, Wendy Anne

    2014-01-01

    Since 2003, the Vietnamese government has prioritised curriculum reform efforts and commitment to improving the quality of the national curriculum. The Vietnamese early childhood education renovation has encountered considerable changes and challenges, particularly in the area of pedagogical approaches. Many early childhood teachers continue to…

  16. Comparison of two control measures of weatherstripping in reducing blowing dust during hospital renovations.

    PubMed

    Yahara, Koji; Miura, Miho; Masunaga, Kenji; Matsumoto, Kazuhiro; Miyao, Toshiyuki; Tanamachi, Chiyoko; Hashimoto, Koji; Sagawa, Kimitaka; Watanabe, Hiroshi

    2010-12-01

    Hospital renovation projects pose risks of invasive infection by fungi from dust that is blown about during the period in question. Control measures to reduce the amount of dust during hospital renovation are thus necessary. Currently, no study has compared different control measures for effectiveness through more than one period of renovation. In this study, we examined the capacities of two control measures of weatherstripping (0.15 mm poly film and adhesive tape) to reduce the amount of blowing dust during two different hospital renovations (in 2008 and 2009). The amount of dust in the air of the hospital before and during the renovation was measured about once a week in both 2008 and 2009, and the between-year and within-year differences were tested. Our study revealed that the weatherstripping used in 2009 (adhesive tape) was significantly more effective than the measures taken in 2008 (0.15 mm poly film) to reduce the amount of dust during the renovations (p < 0.001), while in both years the amount of dust became significantly higher during the renovations than before the renovations. Differences in the effectiveness of weatherstripping during renovations between floors of the hospital were not significant in both 2008 and 2009. The number of Aspergillus-positive samples did not significantly increase compared with the number observed before the start of the hospital renovations (2006-2007) in 2008 and 2009, respectively. The weatherstripping potentially reduced the associated risk of airborne fungal infection.

  17. Effects of pasture renovation on hydrology, nutrient runoff, and forage yield.

    PubMed

    de Koff, J P; Moore, P A; Formica, J; Van Eps, M; DeLaune, P B

    2011-01-01

    Proper pasture management is important in promoting optimal forage growth and reducing runoff and nutrient loss. Pasture renovation is a management tool that improves aeration by mechanically creating holes or pockets within the soil. Pasture renovation was performed before manure application (poultry litter or swine slurry) on different pasture soils and rainfall simulations were conducted to identify the effects of pasture renovation on nutrient runoff and forage growth. Renovation of small plots resulted in significant and beneficial hydrological changes. During the first rainfall simulation, runoff volumes were 45 to 74% lower for seven out of eight renovated treatments, and infiltration rates increased by 3 to 87% for all renovated treatments as compared with nonrenovated treatments. Renovation of pasture soils fertilized with poultry litter led to significant reductions in dissolved reactive P (DRP) (74-87%), total P (TP) (76-85%), and total nitrogen (TN) (72-80%) loads in two of the three soils studied during the first rainfall simulation. Renovation did not result in any significant differences in forage yields. Overall, beneficial impacts of renovation lasted up to 3 mo, the most critical period for nutrient runoff following manure application. Therefore, renovation could be an important best management practice in these areas.

  18. Renovation and Expansion of the Caspary Research Building. Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Grassia, V. L.

    2004-02-07

    Critical to the Hospital's rebuilding efforts have been its public partners at the federal, state, and local government levels who have made a major financial commitment to renovating the Hospital's research infrastructure. To date, the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) has been awarded a total of nearly $8.5 million to create and equip new, state-of-the-art laboratories for scientific investigations. The modernization of the Hospital's research facilities was jump-started in 1998 with a $950,000 seed grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to renovate laboratories for immunology research in the Caspary Research Building. Coupled with a matching $5.5 million commitment from HSS, this infusion of NIH funding laid the groundwork for an overhaul of all of the Hospital's research space.

  19. Health outcomes and green renovation of affordable housing.

    PubMed

    Breysse, Jill; Jacobs, David E; Weber, William; Dixon, Sherry; Kawecki, Carol; Aceti, Susan; Lopez, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    This study sought to determine whether renovating low-income housing using "green" and healthy principles improved resident health and building performance. We investigated resident health and building performance outcomes at baseline and one year after the rehabilitation of low-income housing using Enterprise Green Communities green specifications, which improve ventilation; reduce moisture, mold, pests, and radon; and use sustainable building products and other healthy housing features. We assessed participant health via questionnaire, provided Healthy Homes training to all participants, and measured ventilation, carbon dioxide, and radon. Adults reported statistically significant improvements in overall health, asthma, and non-asthma respiratory problems. Adults also reported that their children's overall health improved, with significant improvements in non-asthma respiratory problems. Post-renovation building performance testing indicated that the building envelope was tightened and local exhaust fans performed well. New mechanical ventilation was installed (compared with no ventilation previously), with fresh air being supplied at 70% of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers standard. Radon was < 2 picocuries per liter of air following mitigation, and the annual average indoor carbon dioxide level was 982 parts per million. Energy use was reduced by 45% over the one-year post-renovation period. We found significant health improvements following low-income housing renovation that complied with green standards. All green building standards should include health requirements. Collaboration of housing, public health, and environmental health professionals through integrated design holds promise for improved health, quality of life, building operation, and energy conservation.

  20. Health Outcomes and Green Renovation of Affordable Housing

    PubMed Central

    Breysse, Jill; Jacobs, David E.; Weber, William; Dixon, Sherry; Kawecki, Carol; Aceti, Susan; Lopez, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    Objective This study sought to determine whether renovating low-income housing using “green” and healthy principles improved resident health and building performance. Methods We investigated resident health and building performance outcomes at baseline and one year after the rehabilitation of low-income housing using Enterprise Green Communities green specifications, which improve ventilation; reduce moisture, mold, pests, and radon; and use sustainable building products and other healthy housing features. We assessed participant health via questionnaire, provided Healthy Homes training to all participants, and measured ventilation, carbon dioxide, and radon. Results Adults reported statistically significant improvements in overall health, asthma, and non-asthma respiratory problems. Adults also reported that their children's overall health improved, with significant improvements in non-asthma respiratory problems. Post-renovation building performance testing indicated that the building envelope was tightened and local exhaust fans performed well. New mechanical ventilation was installed (compared with no ventilation previously), with fresh air being supplied at 70% of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers standard. Radon was <2 picocuries per liter of air following mitigation, and the annual average indoor carbon dioxide level was 982 parts per million. Energy use was reduced by 45% over the one-year post-renovation period. Conclusions We found significant health improvements following low-income housing renovation that complied with green standards. All green building standards should include health requirements. Collaboration of housing, public health, and environmental health professionals through integrated design holds promise for improved health, quality of life, building operation, and energy conservation. PMID:21563714

  1. An integrated urban drainage system model for assessing renovation scheme.

    PubMed

    Dong, X; Zeng, S; Chen, J; Zhao, D

    2012-01-01

    Due to sustained economic growth in China over the last three decades, urbanization has been on a rapidly expanding track. In recent years, regional industrial relocations were also accelerated across the country from the east coast to the west inland. These changes have led to a large-scale redesign of urban infrastructures, including the drainage system. To help the reconstructed infrastructures towards a better sustainability, a tool is required for assessing the efficiency and environmental performance of different renovation schemes. This paper developed an integrated dynamic modeling tool, which consisted of three models for describing the sewer, the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) and the receiving water body respectively. Three auxiliary modules were also incorporated to conceptualize the model, calibrate the simulations, and analyze the results. The developed integrated modeling tool was applied to a case study in Shenzhen City, which is one of the most dynamic cities and facing considerable challenges for environmental degradation. The renovation scheme proposed to improve the environmental performance of Shenzhen City's urban drainage system was modeled and evaluated. The simulation results supplied some suggestions for the further improvement of the renovation scheme.

  2. SAR11 lipid renovation in response to phosphate starvation.

    PubMed

    Carini, Paul; Van Mooy, Benjamin A S; Thrash, J Cameron; White, Angelicque; Zhao, Yanlin; Campbell, Emily O; Fredricks, Helen F; Giovannoni, Stephen J

    2015-06-23

    Phytoplankton inhabiting oligotrophic ocean gyres actively reduce their phosphorus demand by replacing polar membrane phospholipids with those lacking phosphorus. Although the synthesis of nonphosphorus lipids is well documented in some heterotrophic bacterial lineages, phosphorus-free lipid synthesis in oligotrophic marine chemoheterotrophs has not been directly demonstrated, implying they are disadvantaged in phosphate-deplete ecosystems, relative to phytoplankton. Here, we show the SAR11 clade chemoheterotroph Pelagibacter sp. str. HTCC7211 renovates membrane lipids when phosphate starved by replacing a portion of its phospholipids with monoglucosyl- and glucuronosyl-diacylglycerols and by synthesizing new ornithine lipids. Lipid profiles of cells grown with excess phosphate consisted entirely of phospholipids. Conversely, up to 40% of the total lipids were converted to nonphosphorus lipids when cells were starved for phosphate, or when growing on methylphosphonate. Cells sequentially limited by phosphate and methylphosphonate transformed >75% of their lipids to phosphorus-free analogs. During phosphate starvation, a four-gene cluster was significantly up-regulated that likely encodes the enzymes responsible for lipid renovation. These genes were found in Pelagibacterales strains isolated from a phosphate-deficient ocean gyre, but not in other strains from coastal environments, suggesting alternate lipid synthesis is a specific adaptation to phosphate scarcity. Similar gene clusters are found in the genomes of other marine α-proteobacteria, implying lipid renovation is a common strategy used by heterotrophic cells to reduce their requirement for phosphorus in oligotrophic habitats.

  3. SAR11 lipid renovation in response to phosphate starvation

    PubMed Central

    Carini, Paul; Van Mooy, Benjamin A. S.; Thrash, J. Cameron; White, Angelicque; Zhao, Yanlin; Campbell, Emily O.; Fredricks, Helen F.; Giovannoni, Stephen J.

    2015-01-01

    Phytoplankton inhabiting oligotrophic ocean gyres actively reduce their phosphorus demand by replacing polar membrane phospholipids with those lacking phosphorus. Although the synthesis of nonphosphorus lipids is well documented in some heterotrophic bacterial lineages, phosphorus-free lipid synthesis in oligotrophic marine chemoheterotrophs has not been directly demonstrated, implying they are disadvantaged in phosphate-deplete ecosystems, relative to phytoplankton. Here, we show the SAR11 clade chemoheterotroph Pelagibacter sp. str. HTCC7211 renovates membrane lipids when phosphate starved by replacing a portion of its phospholipids with monoglucosyl- and glucuronosyl-diacylglycerols and by synthesizing new ornithine lipids. Lipid profiles of cells grown with excess phosphate consisted entirely of phospholipids. Conversely, up to 40% of the total lipids were converted to nonphosphorus lipids when cells were starved for phosphate, or when growing on methylphosphonate. Cells sequentially limited by phosphate and methylphosphonate transformed >75% of their lipids to phosphorus-free analogs. During phosphate starvation, a four-gene cluster was significantly up-regulated that likely encodes the enzymes responsible for lipid renovation. These genes were found in Pelagibacterales strains isolated from a phosphate-deficient ocean gyre, but not in other strains from coastal environments, suggesting alternate lipid synthesis is a specific adaptation to phosphate scarcity. Similar gene clusters are found in the genomes of other marine α-proteobacteria, implying lipid renovation is a common strategy used by heterotrophic cells to reduce their requirement for phosphorus in oligotrophic habitats. PMID:26056292

  4. Mean-field dynamo action in renovating shearing flows.

    PubMed

    Kolekar, Sanved; Subramanian, Kandaswamy; Sridhar, S

    2012-08-01

    We study mean-field dynamo action in renovating flows with finite and nonzero correlation time (τ) in the presence of shear. Previous results obtained when shear was absent are generalized to the case with shear. The question of whether the mean magnetic field can grow in the presence of shear and nonhelical turbulence, as seen in numerical simulations, is examined. We show in a general manner that, if the motions are strictly nonhelical, then such mean-field dynamo action is not possible. This result is not limited to low (fluid or magnetic) Reynolds numbers nor does it use any closure approximation; it only assumes that the flow renovates itself after each time interval τ. Specifying to a particular form of the renovating flow with helicity, we recover the standard dispersion relation of the α(2)Ω dynamo, in the small τ or large wavelength limit. Thus mean fields grow even in the presence of rapidly growing fluctuations, surprisingly, in a manner predicted by the standard quasilinear closure, even though such a closure is not strictly justified. Our work also suggests the possibility of obtaining mean-field dynamo growth in the presence of helicity fluctuations, although having a coherent helicity will be more efficient.

  5. On the Testing of Renovations Inside Historical Opera Houses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fausti, P.; Prodi, N.

    2002-11-01

    Due to the large number of historical opera houses in Italy, many theatres have been renovated in the past, but still more will undergo major restoration in the near future. Unfortunately in this context, the quality and protection of acoustics is rarely considered as an issue of its own. As a consequence, the renovations are hardly ever accompanied by proper scientific and technical support. In this paper, the acoustical impact of works inside the Teatro Municipale "R.Valli" in Reggio Emilia, including the restoration of the main hall and the construction of a new acoustic shell, will be dealt with. Surveys were held in the theatre before renovation and were repeated with identical procedure and instruments after its completion. By means of a comparative analysis of the architectural project and of acoustical data, the impact of major changes in the theatre can be predicted. It is shown that this approach can help in drafting an operational scheme for safeguarding the acoustics of historical opera houses.

  6. Experience of Hot Cell Renovation Work in CPF (Chemical Processing Facility)

    SciTech Connect

    Toyonobu Nabemoto; Fujio Katahira; Tadatsugu Sakaya; Shinichi Aose; Takafumi Kitajima; Kouji Ogasawara; Kazunori Nomura; Shigehiko Miyachi; Yoshiaki Ichige; Tadahiro Shinozaki; Shinichi Ohuchi

    2008-01-15

    Renovation work for operation room A of the Chemical Processing Facility (CPF) was carried out. Cell renovation work involved disassembly, removal and installation of new equipment for the CA-3 cell of operation room A and the crane renovation work involved the repair of the in-cell crane for the CA-5 cell of operation room A. There were not many examples of renovation work performed on cells under high radiation environment and alpha contamination in Japan. Lessons learnt: With respect to the cell renovation work and crane repair work, a method that gave full consideration to safety was employed and the work was performed without accidents or disaster. Moreover, through improvement of the method, reduction of radioactive exposure of the workers was achieved and a melt reduction device was designed to deal with the radioactive waste material that was generated in the renovation work to achieve significant melt reduction of waste material.

  7. Occupational exposure to asbestos during renovation of oil-shale fuelled power plants in Estonia.

    PubMed

    Kangur, Maie

    2007-01-01

    Many thousands of tonnes of asbestos were used in buildings in the past, especially for thermal insulation of pipes and boilers in power plants. Occupational exposure to asbestos dust now mainly occurs during demolition, renovation and routine maintenance activities. The objective of this study was to evaluate occupational exposure to airborne asbestos during renovation of solid oil-shale fuelled power plants carried out in 2001-2003. Air monitoring inside and outside of the renovation area was performed. The concentration of airborne fibres in the working environment increased during renovation but the valid limit value (0.1 fibres/cm(3)) was not exceeded.

  8. The contribution of housing renovation to children's blood lead levels: a cohort study.

    PubMed

    Spanier, Adam J; Wilson, Stephen; Ho, Mona; Hornung, Richard; Lanphear, Bruce P

    2013-08-27

    Routine renovation of older housing is a risk factor for childhood lead poisoning, but the contribution to children's blood lead levels is poorly defined for children with lower exposure levels. We examined a prospective cohort of 276 children followed from 6 to 24 months of age. We conducted surveys of renovation activities and residential lead hazards and obtained blood lead level (B-Pb) every six months. We analyzed B-Pb in a repeated measures design using a mixed effects linear model. Parent reported interior renovation ranged from 11 to 25% of housing units at the four, 6-month periods. In multivariable analysis, children whose housing underwent interior renovation had a 12% higher mean B-Pb by two years of age compared with children whose housing units were not renovated (p < 0.01). The time between renovation and the child blood lead sample was associated with higher B-Pb (p-value for trend <0.01); compared to children in non-renovated housing, children whose housing units underwent renovation in the prior month had a 17% higher mean B-Pb at two years of age, whereas children whose housing renovation occurred in the prior 2-6 months had an 8% higher mean B-Pb. We also found an association between higher paint lead loading, measured using an X-ray fluorescence (XRF) based paint lead index, and child B-Pb (p = 0.02); for every 10 mg/cm2 increase in paint lead loading index there was a 7.5% higher mean childhood B-Pb. In an analysis of data collected before the recent changes to Environmental Protection Agency's Lead, Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule, routine interior housing renovation was associated with a modest increase in children's B-Pb. These results are important for the provision of clinical advice, for housing and public health professionals, and for policymakers.

  9. Indoor air quality during renovation actions: a case study.

    PubMed

    Abdel Hameed, A A; Yasser, I H; Khoder, I M

    2004-09-01

    A temporary renovation activity releases considerably high concentrations of particulate matter, viable and non-viable, into air. These pollutants are a potential contributor to unacceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Particulate matter and its constituents lead, sulfate, nitrate, chloride, ammonium and fungi as well as fungal spores in air were evaluated in a building during renovation action. Suspended dust was recorded at a mean value of 6.1 mg m(-3) which exceeded the Egyptian limit values for indoor air (0.15 mg m(-3)) and occupational environments (5 mg m(-3)). The highest particle frequency (23%) of aerodynamic diameter (dae) was 1.7 microm. Particulate sulfate (SO(4)(2-)), nitrate (NO(3)(-)), chloride (Cl(-)), ammonium (NH(4)(+)) and lead components of suspended dust averaged 2960, 28, 1350, 100 and 13.3 microg m(-3), respectively. Viable fungi associated with suspended dust and that in air averaged 1.11 x 10(6) colony forming unit per gram (cfu g(-1)) and 92 colony forming unit per plate per hour (cfu p(-1) h(-1)), respectively. Cladosporium(33%), Aspergillus(25.6%), Alternaria(11.2%) and Penicillium(6.6%) were the most frequent fungal genera in air, whereas Aspergillus(56.8%), Penicillium(10.3%) and Eurotium(10.3%) were the most common fungal genera associated with suspended dust. The detection of Aureobasidium, Epicoccum, Exophiala, Paecilomyces, Scopulariopsis, Ulocladium and Trichoderma is an indication of moisture-damaged building materials. Alternaria, Aureobasidium, Cladosporium, Scopulariopsis and Nigrospora have dae > 5 microm whereas Aspergillus, Penicillium and Verticillium have dae < 5 microm which are suited to penetrate deeply into lungs. Particulate matter from the working area infiltrates the occupied zones if precautionary measures are inadequate. This may cause deterioration of IAQ, discomfort and acute health problems. Renovation should be carefully designed and managed, in order to minimize degradation of the indoor and outdoor air

  10. [Renovation of acupuncture teaching based on opposite points].

    PubMed

    Wang, Ying-Han; Yang, Zhi-Xin; Guo, Yu-Cheng; Yu, Shu-Hua

    2013-06-01

    The definition and content of opposite points is updated, and renovation of acupuncture teaching is explored in this article. Opposite points interconnect meridians and acupoints. Location of one point reminds that of the other in pairs. When manipulating, point-to-point puncture from two opposite sides or penetrating method from one side are both applicable. It has the advantages of less point selection and regulating yin and yang. Its application in teaching of meridians, acupoints, acupuncture technique and treatment may bring enthusiasm into the study as well as improve the level of teaching.

  11. Energy-efficient Renovation of a Real Estate in AUSTRIA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Korjenic, Azra; Vašková, Anna

    2015-11-01

    An action have cities worldwide, due to urbanization. More than 70 percent of people in Europe live in cities, where 70 percent of the energy consumed. Without adequate measures, a rapidly growing city is at risk in by overloading the infrastructure, threats to water, energy, pollution, logistical bottlenecks and lack of housing. This paper describes an energy-efficient renovation or expansion planning a real estate in Vorarlberg, Austria. The settlement was analysed in more detail here, it involves the city Dornbirn- part Shor. The study investigated how to extend this settlement energy efficient and what feed for factors in the assessment.

  12. Mobile medical clinics offer alternative to renovation and construction.

    PubMed

    Ayres, D

    1997-01-01

    Mobile Health Care Programs have many attributes. Every organization genuinely concerned with client access to their services should consider having one. When the need to service outlying areas arises, a mobile clinic offers more flexibility and is the most economically feasible alternative. Granted, there is no shortage of vacant structures for rent or purchase in rural America. That, of course, is just the start; you also have the expense of renovating the interior to accommodate the patients and staff. And do not forget the four P's: Planners, Permits, Politics and Payola (taxes and fees).

  13. Changing Education through Learning Spaces: Impacts of the Portuguese School Buildings' Renovation Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veloso, Luísa; Marques, Joana S.; Duarte, Alexandra

    2014-01-01

    In this article we present findings from the evaluation study of a nation-wide school renovation programme in Portugal. The aim is to analyse policy implementation, taking into account school community participation, discussing how the programme requirement to involve users in the renovation was met, examining perceptions of the programme's…

  14. New Construction, Renovation and Remodeling: What School Nurses Have Learned from Planning New Health Office Facilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Leslie

    2005-01-01

    Many school nurses across the nation have had the opportunity to be involved with school renovation and new construction projects in their districts. Renovation and new construction projects allow school nurses the opportunity to work with facilities planners, school officials, and architects to design school health office facilities that enhance…

  15. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN... renovator. (3) Individuals who have successfully completed an accredited lead-based paint inspector or risk... acceptable test kit to determine whether components to be affected by the renovation contain lead-based...

  16. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... section in any State or Indian Tribal area that does not have a renovation program that is authorized... to perform dust clearance sampling under § 745.85(c) in any State or Indian Tribal area that does not have a renovation program that is authorized under subpart Q of this part. (2) Individuals who have...

  17. Acinetobacter baumannii infection was decreased by the structural renovation of a medical intensive care unit.

    PubMed

    Nah, Seong-Su; Park, Yun-Hee; Chung, Joo Won; Yoo, Sunmi; Hong, Sang Bum; Lim, Chae-Man; Koh, Younsuck

    2013-08-01

    The study aimed to determine whether improvements in intensive care unit (ICU) structural environment affect the incidence of ICU-acquired infections (IAIs), particularly those caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens. The incidence of IAI and the number of infections caused by organisms during the 6 months immediately before ICU renovation and during the 6 months immediately after ICU renovation were compared. The observational duration was prolonged for an additional 1 year after recruiting the after-renovation data to observe if the found effect of ICU structural renovation is maintained. The relevant data were prospectively gathered. The overall IAI incidence and distribution of infection site showed no difference in both periods. In IAI-causing pathogens, no considerable difference was found between before and after renovation, except for Acinetobacter baumannii. In comparison of the major pathogens' identification rate between the entire hospital and the renovated ICU during the study periods, only A baumannii cases in the renovated ICU significantly decreased. However, the reduction of the IAI cases by A baumannii was not sustained for more than 1 year. These results suggest that structural ICU renovations only may not improve overall IAI incidence, except for transient decrease in IAI by A baumannii. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Paging Materials to Maintain Quality Library Service during a Two-Year Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Melanie J.; Keesee, Susan H.; Mabe, Denise; Chavez, Pedro; Lanning, Kevin E.; Allegri, Francesca

    2006-01-01

    Beginning in July 2002, the Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill underwent an 11 million dollar renovation. During three phases of the renovation, parts of the collection were inaccessible to patrons. In order to continue to make the library's collection available, library staff created a paging system.…

  19. Web 2.0 Tools Ease Renovation Service Disruptions at The Ohio State University Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Elizabeth L.; Kilzer, Rebekah

    2008-01-01

    The Thompson Library, the main library of The Ohio State University (OSU), began a major renovation in fall 2006 that required the library to close for three years. During this time, the bulk of the circulating collection and many of the personnel relocated to an interim facility. The distance imposed by the renovation created special challenges…

  20. The Effects of an Education Program on Home Renovation for Fall Prevention of Korean Older People

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jang, Miseon; Lee, Yeunsook

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to verify the effects of an education program on home renovation for fall prevention among older people, more specifically fall efficacy and home renovation intentions. A quasiexperimental study with nonequivalent control and comparative groups was conducted to demonstrate the effects of the education. A total of 51 older people…

  1. 45 CFR 1309.10 - Applications for the purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... major renovation of facilities. 1309.10 Section 1309.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public... ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START FACILITIES PURCHASE, MAJOR... major renovation of facilities. A grantee which proposes to use grant funds to purchase a facility, or a...

  2. 45 CFR 98.84 - Construction and renovation of child care facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian Tribes § 98.84 Construction and renovation of child care... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Construction and renovation of child care... child care facilities (including paying the cost of amortizing the principal and paying interest...

  3. 45 CFR 98.84 - Construction and renovation of child care facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian Tribes § 98.84 Construction and renovation of child care... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Construction and renovation of child care... child care facilities (including paying the cost of amortizing the principal and paying interest...

  4. Maintaining Acceptable Indoor Air Quality during the Renovation of a School. Technical Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Bruce W.

    Information that school facility personnel can use concerning the potential impacts of renovation projects on indoor air quality (IAQ), along with details of some effective control strategies, are presented. Various kinds of contaminants may be generated by renovations, including volatile and semivolatile organic compounds, dusts and fibers (e.g.,…

  5. Changing Education through Learning Spaces: Impacts of the Portuguese School Buildings' Renovation Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veloso, Luísa; Marques, Joana S.; Duarte, Alexandra

    2014-01-01

    In this article we present findings from the evaluation study of a nation-wide school renovation programme in Portugal. The aim is to analyse policy implementation, taking into account school community participation, discussing how the programme requirement to involve users in the renovation was met, examining perceptions of the programme's…

  6. 45 CFR 98.84 - Construction and renovation of child care facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian Tribes § 98.84 Construction and renovation of child care... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction and renovation of child care... child care facilities (including paying the cost of amortizing the principal and paying interest on...

  7. 75 FR 38959 - Lead; Clearance and Clearance Testing Requirements for the Renovation, Repair, and Painting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-07

    ... Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program; Reopening of Comment Period AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency... Painting Program (RRP) rule. This document reopens the comment period for an additional 30 days. DATES... several revisions to the 2008 Lead Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program (RRP) rule. The...

  8. Historic Schools: Renovation vs. Replacement & the Role of a Feasibility Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington, DC.

    Weighing the pros and cons of renovating a historic neighborhood school or building a new one takes preservation "know-how," experience, and creativity. The potential for renovation is routinely dismissed without full consideration of the facts and long-term implications. Central to this decision-making process is the feasibility study,…

  9. New Construction, Renovation and Remodeling: What School Nurses Have Learned from Planning New Health Office Facilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Leslie

    2005-01-01

    Many school nurses across the nation have had the opportunity to be involved with school renovation and new construction projects in their districts. Renovation and new construction projects allow school nurses the opportunity to work with facilities planners, school officials, and architects to design school health office facilities that enhance…

  10. Maintaining Acceptable Indoor Air Quality during the Renovation of a School. Technical Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Bruce W.

    Information that school facility personnel can use concerning the potential impacts of renovation projects on indoor air quality (IAQ), along with details of some effective control strategies, are presented. Various kinds of contaminants may be generated by renovations, including volatile and semivolatile organic compounds, dusts and fibers (e.g.,…

  11. A Trial Virtual Library: Renovation and Innovation at Great Basin College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karr, Juanita

    2000-01-01

    Describes how librarians coped in temporary quarters in a warehouse and with a drastically reduced circulating and reference collection when Great Basin College's library closed temporarily due to renovation. Discusses how the experience led to innovations in the integration of electronic databases into the renovated library. (VWC)

  12. The Effects of an Education Program on Home Renovation for Fall Prevention of Korean Older People

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jang, Miseon; Lee, Yeunsook

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to verify the effects of an education program on home renovation for fall prevention among older people, more specifically fall efficacy and home renovation intentions. A quasiexperimental study with nonequivalent control and comparative groups was conducted to demonstrate the effects of the education. A total of 51 older people…

  13. Characteristics of Viewers of a Tennessee Agricultural Extension Educational Television Series on Renovating Furniture. A research Summary of a Graduate Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Lois Claudine; And Others

    A study was conducted to investigate certain characteristics of respondents who renovated furniture during a Washington County educational television 19-program series on chair renovation, who had previously renovated furniture, and who planned to renovate a chair following the series, and to compare them with those respondents who had not. Data…

  14. Home renovation, family history of atopy, and respiratory symptoms and asthma among children living in China.

    PubMed

    Dong, Guang-Hui; Qian, Zhengmin Min; Wang, Jing; Trevathan, Edwin; Liu, Miao-Miao; Wang, Da; Ren, Wan-Hui; Chen, Weiqing; Simckes, Maayan; Zelicoff, Alan

    2014-10-01

    To investigate the association of indoor air pollution with the respiratory health of children, we evaluated the associations of children's respiratory symptoms with asthma and recent home renovation. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in a school recruitment sample of 31,049 children aged 2 to 14 years in 25 districts of 7 cities of northeast China in 2008-2009. The children's parents completed standardized questionnaires characterizing the children's histories of respiratory symptoms and illness, recent home renovation information, and other associated risk factors. The effects of home renovation in the past 2 years were significantly associated with cough, phlegm, current wheeze, doctor-diagnosed asthma, and current asthma. The associations we computed when combining the status of home renovation and family history of atopy were higher than were those predicted from the combination of the separate effects. However, the interactions between home renovation and family history of atopy on a multiplicative scale were not statistically significant (P>.05). Home renovation is associated with increases in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and asthma in children. The effects of different renovation materials on child respiratory health should be studied further.

  15. Home Renovation, Family History of Atopy, and Respiratory Symptoms and Asthma Among Children Living in China

    PubMed Central

    Dong, Guang-Hui; Wang, Jing; Trevathan, Edwin; Liu, Miao-Miao; Wang, Da; Ren, Wan-Hui; Chen, Weiqing; Simckes, Maayan; Zelicoff, Alan

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. To investigate the association of indoor air pollution with the respiratory health of children, we evaluated the associations of children’s respiratory symptoms with asthma and recent home renovation. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in a school recruitment sample of 31 049 children aged 2 to 14 years in 25 districts of 7 cities of northeast China in 2008–2009. The children’s parents completed standardized questionnaires characterizing the children’s histories of respiratory symptoms and illness, recent home renovation information, and other associated risk factors. Results. The effects of home renovation in the past 2 years were significantly associated with cough, phlegm, current wheeze, doctor-diagnosed asthma, and current asthma. The associations we computed when combining the status of home renovation and family history of atopy were higher than were those predicted from the combination of the separate effects. However, the interactions between home renovation and family history of atopy on a multiplicative scale were not statistically significant (P > .05). Conclusions. Home renovation is associated with increases in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and asthma in children. The effects of different renovation materials on child respiratory health should be studied further. PMID:24228648

  16. Increase of inflammatory markers after indoor renovation activities: the LISA birth cohort study.

    PubMed

    Herberth, Gunda; Gubelt, Reinhild; Röder, Stefan; Krämer, Ursula; Schins, Roel P F; Diez, Ulrike; Borte, Michael; Heinrich, Joachim; Wichmann, H-Erich; Herbarth, Olf; Lehmann, Irina

    2009-09-01

    There is concern about indoor air quality as a possible cause for health impairment. Exposure to indoor renovation activities has been shown to be associated with airway symptoms and allergic manifestations in children. The aim of this study is to analyse immune markers responsible for disease development in relation to renovation activities. Within the LISAplus (Life style Immune System Allergy) birth cohort study, blood samples of 6-yr-old children were analysed for concentration of the inflammatory markers interleukin (IL)-8, IL-6, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, MCP-1 and IL-10. Data on indoor renovation activities (painting, flooring, new furniture) were assessed with a questionnaire filled in by the parents. Data on cytokine blood concentrations and exposure variables were available for 250 children. Increased levels of IL-8 and MCP-1 in children's blood were related to renovation activities. In particular, new floor covering was associated with increased inflammatory markers. Among floor covering materials only wall-to-wall carpets were associated with elevated IL-8 and Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1) levels. No association between the single renovation activities painting and furnishing and blood concentration of inflammatory markers has been found. Our data shows that IL-8 and MCP-1 may be suitable markers for monitoring inflammatory reactions in relation with renovation activities. Among renovation activities floor covering seems to induce the strongest inflammatory reactions.

  17. Playground renovations and quality at public parks in Boston,Massachusetts, 1996-2007.

    PubMed

    Barrett, Jessica L; Hannon, Cynthia; Keefe, Linda; Gortmaker, Steven L; Cradock, Angie L

    2011-07-01

    Recreational and transportation infrastructure can promote physical activity among children and adolescents. The Play Across Boston community-based research project sought to estimate and compare playground renovation rates across Boston areas before and after a playground quality assessment, to describe changes in playground quality among a subset of parks, and to document features of local transportation infrastructure around parks. We used an observational pretest-posttest design to estimate playground renovation rates among 103 city-operated parks. Renovation rates were calculated on the basis of annual city Parks Department capital budgets from fiscal years 1996 through 2007. We used the same design to describe changes between a 2000 to 2001 baseline assessment of playground quality and a 2007 follow-up measured via observation of a subsample of 18 low-scoring parks in disadvantaged areas. We used χ(2 ) analysis to compare percentages of playgrounds renovated across city areas before and after baseline assessment, logistic regression analysis to calculate odds ratios comparing renovation rates after baseline by city area, and paired t tests to compare playground quality at baseline and follow-up. Overall playground renovation rates before (29%) and after (34%) baseline assessment were similar. Parks scoring low on playground quality at baseline were renovated after baseline at a higher rate than high-scoring playgrounds. After accounting for baseline playground quality, parks in disadvantaged areas were renovated at a rate similar to those in other areas. Playground quality scores improved between baseline (mean, 38.3; 95% confidence interval, 35.3-41.3) and 2007 in a subsample of previously low-scoring parks in disadvantaged areas. The findings of the 2007 follow-up assessment indicate an equitable rate of playground renovation across city areas according to need.

  18. Leading the next renovation: redesigning a pharmacy structural workspace.

    PubMed

    Carnes, Paul; Koons, Kevin

    2010-01-01

    To stimulate people to start researching how to take advantage of a pharmacy redesign opportunity before they are put in the situation of carrying out the redesign. Medium-sized Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Lebanon, PA, from 2007 to 2009. The pharmacy service at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Lebanon, PA, encompasses all aspects of inpatient, outpatient, clinical, and managerial services. Medications are provided to more than 40,000 outpatients each year, and inpatient services covered nearly 62,000 bed-days of care in fiscal year 2008. We maintain direct clinical pharmacy input on all medical care areas, as well as in behavioral health and primary care. Our site also employs three postgraduate year 1 and two postgraduate year 2 pharmacy residents each year. Successful pharmacy renovation is predicated upon proactive and effective leadership that starts long before the project begins.

  19. Passive solar renovation of an existing commercial greenhouse

    SciTech Connect

    McGinnis, J.W.; Whitehead, N.

    1980-01-01

    The renovation of an existing 1800 square foot commercial greenhouse to incorporate passive solar reliant and energy conserving features is detailed. The Aquatic-Agriculture Institute for Research, a non-profit group, sponsored the project to develop efficient production methods to raise vegetables and fish at the community level. The performance of the remodeled greenhouse will be compared to the performance of the same greenhouse as it was originally designed. The restored greenhouse began operation in September 1979. Accurate fuel and temperature records maintained through-out the past winter, show the cost of back-up heating under operating conditions to be approximately $150.00. Old fuel receipts dating back into the 1940's show an average use of 2000 gallons of heating fuel each winter prior to remodeling. This would indicate a yearly fuel savings of better than 90% through the use of passive solar techniques.

  20. Worker exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls in elastic polysulphide sealant renovation.

    PubMed

    Kontsas, Helena; Pekari, Kaija; Riala, Riitta; Bäck, Beatrice; Rantio, Tiina; Priha, Eero

    2004-01-01

    Worker exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in renovation of prefabricated houses was assessed by biological monitoring of 24 PCB congeners including the 10 most abundant PCBs in elastic polysulphide sealants. Serum samples from 22 exposed and 21 non-exposed men were analysed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with negative chemical ionization. Total PCB concentration of 24 PCB congeners in workers' serum varied between 0.6 and 17.8 microg/l (mean 3.9 microg/l, median 1.9 microg/l). The Finnish upper reference limit for occupationally non-exposed persons (3 microg/l) was exceeded in the serum samples of 10 workers. Concentrations for non-exposed persons were 0.3-3.0 microg/l (mean 1.7 microg/l, median 1.5 microg/l). The concentration for the sum of the 10 most abundant PCB congeners in elastic polysulphide sealants in serum samples taken in autumn after the renovation season was 2-10 times higher than in samples from the same workers (n=5) taken in the previous spring. The concentrations of PCB congeners PCB 28, 52, 77, 101, 138, 153 and 180 in hygienic samples taken from the breathing zone of the workers were low, ranging from not detected to 3.1 microg/m3. The concentrations of PCB 28 and 52 in sera were positively correlated with the concentrations in air samples taken from the breathing zone of six workers (r=0.70 and 0.80).

  1. The applicability of existing renovation methods in technology of screw compressors repairing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kosenko, P. V.

    2017-08-01

    The article deals with the basic methods of machine parts recovery. Advantages and disadvantages of these methods had been widely spoken. The effect of these methods on the surface properties had been analysed. The main reasons of the wear of screw compressor parts are described in short. The authors paid attention to the evaluation of the applicability of existing renovation methods in technology of screw compressors repairing. In choosing the optimal method of renovation the surfaces of screw compressor parts are guided by the criteria of RAMS: reliability, availability, maintainability and safety. Also, it is specially noted about the evaluation of the effect of renovation methods on the screw surface layer by the following criteria: adhesion, ecological safety, cost, wear resistance, hardness, roughness, layer thickness, capacity, hogging, porousness, surface preparation, changes in the structure and physical properties of the base metal and ease of use. The most appropriate method for the renovation of parts of screw compressors had been proposed.

  2. 45 CFR 1309.10 - Applications for the purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... facility to be acquired, including information on the size and type of structure, the number and a... to acquisition or major renovation of facility and the repayment plans (detailing balloon payments...

  3. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) For all renovation programs, development of the appropriate infrastructure or government capacity to..., but not limited to: (A) Training curriculum requirements. (B) Training hour requirements. (C) Hands-on...

  4. Treatment of CHP in LEED® for Building Design and Construction: New Construction and Major Renovations

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This factsheet introduces CHP and its benefits to architects and engineers, and summarizes how CHP is treated under the LEED® for Building Design and Construction: New Construction and Major Renovations (LEED BD+C: New Construction) rating system.

  5. Exploration on factors of old industrial building renovation and design practice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Shao-Qiao

    2017-08-01

    The value and necessity of the current renovation and reuse of old industrial buildings are obtained by introducing the status quo of China’s old industrial buildings and citing the protection methods in the world in each period. Through the field investigation and observation analysis in Guangzhou, China, taking the number of users as the evaluation standard, the influence of the building material, color, number of floor, lighting and greening on the renovation and utilization of old industrial buildings is expounded. Combined with the relevant theory and case analysis, the favorable factors of affecting the old industrial building renovation are obtained to be some of the inspiration and recommendations of the old industrial building renovation and utilization. Finally, according to research conclusion, it is applied to the actual project. Through the project design, the previous research conclusion is further comprehensively used, and the final result is explained with the help of the three-dimensional model.

  6. 45 CFR 1309.11 - Cost comparison for purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... be supported, whenever possible, by a written statement from a licensed real estate professional in... receive major renovation, made by a professional appraiser, must be included. (c)(1) Grantees proposing...

  7. How To Get What You Want When Working on a Renovation Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roark, Steven

    2002-01-01

    Describes how leaders and instructors in the Art Department of Longview Community College in Kansas City, Missouri, found a solution to incorporating a desired renovation feature (a sink in the ceramics and clay studio) within budget constraints. (EV)

  8. How To Get What You Want When Working on a Renovation Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roark, Steven

    2002-01-01

    Describes how leaders and instructors in the Art Department of Longview Community College in Kansas City, Missouri, found a solution to incorporating a desired renovation feature (a sink in the ceramics and clay studio) within budget constraints. (EV)

  9. Jicarilla Apache Tribe: greenhouse renovation and demonstration project. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Martinez, L. Jr.

    1980-09-30

    This report describes briefly the construction phase, instructional phase, bedding plant phase, and tomato production phase of a passive solar greenhouse renovation and demonstration project. Some data on the performance and heat savings are included.

  10. The contribution of housing renovation to children’s blood lead levels: a cohort study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Routine renovation of older housing is a risk factor for childhood lead poisoning, but the contribution to children’s blood lead levels is poorly defined for children with lower exposure levels. Methods We examined a prospective cohort of 276 children followed from 6 to 24 months of age. We conducted surveys of renovation activities and residential lead hazards and obtained blood lead level (B-Pb) every six months. We analyzed B-Pb in a repeated measures design using a mixed effects linear model. Results Parent reported interior renovation ranged from 11 to 25% of housing units at the four, 6-month periods. In multivariable analysis, children whose housing underwent interior renovation had a 12% higher mean B-Pb by two years of age compared with children whose housing units were not renovated (p < 0.01). The time between renovation and the child blood lead sample was associated with higher B-Pb (p-value for trend <0.01); compared to children in non-renovated housing, children whose housing units underwent renovation in the prior month had a 17% higher mean B-Pb at two years of age, whereas children whose housing renovation occurred in the prior 2–6 months had an 8% higher mean B-Pb. We also found an association between higher paint lead loading, measured using an X-ray fluorescence (XRF) based paint lead index, and child B-Pb (p = 0.02); for every 10 mg/cm2 increase in paint lead loading index there was a 7.5% higher mean childhood B-Pb. Conclusions In an analysis of data collected before the recent changes to Environmental Protection Agency’s Lead, Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule, routine interior housing renovation was associated with a modest increase in children’s B-Pb. These results are important for the provision of clinical advice, for housing and public health professionals, and for policymakers. PMID:23981571

  11. Leveraging Limited Scope for Maximum Benefit in Occupied Renovation of Uninsulated Cold Climate Multifamily Housing

    SciTech Connect

    Neuhauser, K.; Bergey, D.; Osser, R.

    2012-03-01

    This project examines a large-scale renovation project within a 500 unit, 1960's era subsidized urban housing community. This research focuses on the airflow control and window replacement measures implemented as part of the renovations to the low-rise apartment buildings. The window replacement reduced the nominal conductive loss of the apartment enclosure by approximately 15%; air sealing measures reduced measured air leakage by approximately 40% on average.

  12. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Case Study

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, R.; Hayter, S.; Hotchkiss, E.; Pless, S.; Sielcken, J.; Smith-Larney, C.

    2014-10-01

    The federal government is mandated with improving efficiency of buildings, incorporating renewable energy, and achieving net-zero energy operations where possible. These challenges led GSA to consider aligning historic preservation renovations with net-zero energy goals. The Wayne N. Aspinall Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse (Aspinall Courthouse), in Grand Junction, Colorado, is an example of a renovation project that aimed to accomplish both historic preservation and net-zero energy goals.

  13. Leveraging Limited Scope for Maximum Benefit in Occupied Renovation of Uninsulated Cold Climate Multifamily Housing

    SciTech Connect

    Neuhauser, K.; Bergey, D.; Osser, R.

    2012-03-01

    This project examines a large-scale renovation project within a 500 unit, 1960's era subsidized urban housing community. This research focuses on the airflow control and window replacement measures implemented as part of the renovations to the low-rise apartment buildings. The window replacement reduced the nominal conductive loss of the apartment enclosure by approximately 15%; air sealing measures reduced measured air leakage by approximately 40% on average.

  14. Impact of park renovations on park use and park-based physical activity.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Deborah A; Han, Bing; Isacoff, Jennifer; Shulaker, Bianca; Williamson, Stephanie; Marsh, Terry; McKenzie, Thomas L; Weir, Megan; Bhatia, Rajiv

    2015-02-01

    Given the concerns about low rates of physical activity among low-income minority youth, many community-based organizations are investing in the creation or renovation of public parks to encourage youth to become more physically active. To what degree park renovations accomplish this goal is not known. We used the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) to measure park users and their physical activity levels before and after 2 parks were renovated. We compared findings with 4 parks: 2 that were unrenovated parks and 2 that were undergoing renovation. We also surveyed park users and local residents about their use of the parks. Compared with parks that had not yet been renovated, the improved parks saw more than a doubling in the number of visitors and a substantial increase in energy expended in the parks. Increased park use was pronounced in adults and children, but was not seen in teens and seniors. Park renovations were associated with a significantly increased perception of park safety. Park improvements can have a significant impact on increasing park use and local physical activity.

  15. A framework for sustainability science: A renovated IPAT identity

    PubMed Central

    Waggoner, P. E.; Ausubel, J. H.

    2002-01-01

    Learning actors' leverage for change along the journey to sustainability requires quantifying the component forces of environmental impact and integrating them. Population, income, consumers' behavior, and producers' efficiency jointly force impact. Here, we renovate the “IPAT Identity” to identify actors with the forces. Forcing impact I are P for population, A for income as gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, C for intensity of use as a good per GDP, and T for efficiency ratios as impact per good. In the “ImPACT Identity,” parents modify P, workers modify A, consumers modify C, and producers modify T. Because annual percentage changes in component forces add to a change in national impact, actors' leverage is reflected transparently in consistent units of annual percentage changes that can be compared from force to force. Examples from energy and food, farming and manufacturing, and steel and water show that declining C, called dematerialization, can temper the sustainability challenge of growth (P × A), and that innovation or efficient technology that lowers T can counter rising consumption (P × A × C). Income elasticity can accommodate connections between income and other forces. From rates of change of forces, the identity can forecast impacts. Alternatively, by identifying the necessary change in forces to cause a projected impact, ImPACT can assay the likelihood and practicability of environmental targets and timetables. An annual 2–3% progress in consumption and technology over many decades and sectors provides a benchmark for sustainability. PMID:12060732

  16. A framework for sustainability science: a renovated IPAT identity.

    PubMed

    Waggoner, P E; Ausubel, J H

    2002-06-11

    Learning actors' leverage for change along the journey to sustainability requires quantifying the component forces of environmental impact and integrating them. Population, income, consumers' behavior, and producers' efficiency jointly force impact. Here, we renovate the "IPAT Identity" to identify actors with the forces. Forcing impact I are P for population, A for income as gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, C for intensity of use as a good per GDP, and T for efficiency ratios as impact per good. In the "ImPACT Identity," parents modify P, workers modify A, consumers modify C, and producers modify T. Because annual percentage changes in component forces add to a change in national impact, actors' leverage is reflected transparently in consistent units of annual percentage changes that can be compared from force to force. Examples from energy and food, farming and manufacturing, and steel and water show that declining C, called dematerialization, can temper the sustainability challenge of growth (P x A), and that innovation or efficient technology that lowers T can counter rising consumption (P x A x C). Income elasticity can accommodate connections between income and other forces. From rates of change of forces, the identity can forecast impacts. Alternatively, by identifying the necessary change in forces to cause a projected impact, ImPACT can assay the likelihood and practicability of environmental targets and timetables. An annual 2-3% progress in consumption and technology over many decades and sectors provides a benchmark for sustainability.

  17. [Acute inorganic lead poisoning in workers employed on building renovation].

    PubMed

    Liberatori, Roberta; Romeo, R; Restieri, Rosetta; Sarrini, Daniela; Parducci, A D; Puccetti, Monica; Loi, F; Sartorelli, P

    2010-01-01

    Occupationally, there are a number of work processes that constitute a long-term risk as sources of exposure to lead. In these processes the presence of lead is not evident but represents a hidden risk of poisoning. Study of two cases of hidden exposure to lead that were discovered during renovation work on a historical building. Acute lead poisoning symptoms appeared in the 2 workers. The current protocol for treatment of lead poisoning was applied, which consisted in administration of a chelating agent (EDTA), with subsequent monitoring of indicators of dose (PbB. blood lead level, PbU: urinary lead level) and indicators of effect (erythrocyte Protoporphyrin IX, urinary delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA-U), urinary coproporphyrins). The lead colic and anaemia appeared at PbB values (102 microg/dl e 104 microg/dl) that were higher than the PbB action value (40 microg/dl) and higher than the limit value (60 microg/dl). The gravity of the symptoms, the high number of persons potentially involved, the difficulty of reclamation and probable urban contamination, with relative consequences concerning particularly infants and women infertile age, are sufficient grounds to require effective legislative action and improvement in the services available at the hospitals involved.

  18. A comparison of leadership vs. renovation in changing staff values.

    PubMed

    Bond, G E; Fiedler, F E

    1999-01-01

    The authors compared the effects of the staff's perceptions of the culture in a LTC facility pre and post-intervention(s). One unit had significant architectural modification (physical intervention). On the second unit, efforts were directed toward culture change through management modification (social intervention through goal setting and role modeling). Lastly, both were compared to a third control unit where there was no planned change. On the unit with the social intervention model there was an attempt to support a "neighborhood" sense for residents and staff that would encourage residents to become more self-directed and self-sufficient rather than remain in the passive "good patient" role. Significant staff training resources and time were devoted to this effort. On the second unit, the architectural renovation sought to provide a distinctly home-like open, and relaxed atmosphere with a large, well-equipped day room. This encouraged closer resident and staff interactions and included a staff workstation that was part of the day room. On a third control unit, no changes were made.

  19. Renovation of a pear orchard site with sludge compost

    SciTech Connect

    Korcak, R.F.

    1986-01-01

    A lime-stabilized sewage sludge compost was used as a surface amendment to improve the soil and nutritional status of a number of established pear cultivars grown on an acidic, low fertility soil site. Leaf Ca status was significantly increased while trace metals were not elevated and in most cases decreased by sludge compost over the course of the study. Soil chemical properties were modified in a manner similar to liming. Addition of sludge composts, particularly low metal containing materials, appears to represent an acceptable aid in renovating established pear orchards located on poor soil sites. Leaf, fruit flesh or peel Cd were not significantly effected by the compost addition. The compost added twice the recommended level of available N the first year and sub-optimum N the following two years. Leaf N, although significantly increased in the composted versus non-composted controls, was below sufficiency levels by the third year after addition. This indicates that compost cannot fully supply required N from a one time application even over the short term.

  20. Renovation of food-processing wastewater by a Riparian wetland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baillie, Priscilla W.

    1995-01-01

    Treated wastewater from a food-processing plant, together with intermittent outflow from a hypereutrophic pond, were discharged over a 20-year period to a cattail-dominated wetland and hence to a small stream. Organics and nutriet levels in the effluent were comparable to levels in domestic wastewater. Fifteen variables were monitored upstream and downstream from the plant over 18 months. Means for most variables were slightly higher downstream, but differences between stations were not statistically significant. Wetland processing of nitrogen was markedly affected by a change from drought to flood conditions. After accounting for dilution, the overall effect of the wetland on the effluent was to reduce biological oxygen demand 43.7%, ammonia N 46.3%, nitrate/nitrite N 17.4%, and conductivity 15.6%. However, total suspended solids were increased 41.4%, total organic nitrogen 28.8%, and total phosphorus 24.7%. It was concluded that the wetland effectively renovated the effluent but the removal efficiency would be improved if the effluent were pretreated to reduce phosphorus and dispersed to increase residence time in the wetland.

  1. Increasing incidence of malignant mesothelioma after exposure to asbestos during home maintenance and renovation.

    PubMed

    Olsen, Nola J; Franklin, Peter J; Reid, Alison; de Klerk, Nicholas H; Threlfall, Timothy J; Shilkin, Keith; Musk, Bill

    2011-09-05

    To determine trends in incidence of malignant mesothelioma (MM) caused by exposure to asbestos during home maintenance and renovation. Using the Western Australian Mesothelioma Register, we reviewed all cases of MM diagnosed in WA from 1960 to the end of 2008, and determined the primary source of exposure to asbestos. Categories of exposure were collapsed into seven groups: asbestos miners and millers from Wittenoom; all other asbestos workers; residents from Wittenoom; home maintenance/renovators; other people exposed but not through their occupation; and people with unknown asbestos exposure; or no known asbestos exposure. Latency periods and age at diagnosis for each group were calculated and compared. In WA, 1631 people (1408 men, 223 women) were diagnosed with MM between 1960 and 2008. Since 1981, there have been 87 cases (55 in men) of MM attributed to asbestos exposure during home maintenance and renovation, and an increasing trend in such cases, in both men and women. In the last 4 years of the study (2005-2008), home renovators accounted for 8.4% of all men and 35.7% of all women diagnosed with MM. After controlling for sex and both year and age at diagnosis, the latency period for people exposed to asbestos during home renovation was significantly shorter than that for all other exposure groups, but the shorter follow-up and difficulty recalling when exposure first occurred in this group may partly explain this. MM after exposure to asbestos during home renovation is an increasing problem in WA, and these cases seem to have a shorter latency period than other types of exposure. MM cases related to renovation will probably continue to increase because of the many homes that have contained, and still contain, asbestos building products.

  2. Russian RSC Energia employees inspect DM in SSPF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    Employees of the Russian aerospace company RSC Energia prepare to conduct final inspections of the Russian-built Docking Module in the Space Station Processing Facility at KSC. The module will fly as a primary payload on the second Space Shuttle/Mir space station docking mission, STS-74, which is now scheduled for liftoff in the fall of 1995. During the mission, the module will first be attached with the orbiter's robot arm to the Orbiter Docking System (ODS) in the payload bay of the orbiter Atlantis and then be docked with the Mir. When Atlantis undocks from the Mir, it will leave the new docking module permanently attached to the space station for use during future Shuttle Mir docking missions. The new module will simplify future Shuttle linkups with Mir by improving orbiter clearances when it serves as a bridge between the two space vehicles.

  3. Russian RSC Energia employees attach trunnions to DM

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    Employees of the Russian aerospace company RSC Energia attach trunnions to the Russian-built docking module in the Space Station Processing Facility at KSC so that it can be mounted in the payload bay of the Space Shuttle orbiter Atlantis. The module will fly as a primary payload on the second Space Shuttle/Mir space station docking mission, STS-74, which is now scheduled for liftoff in the fall of 1995. During the mission, the module will first be attached with the orbiter's robot arm to the Orbiter Docking System (ODS) in the payload bay of the orbiter Atlantis and then be docked with the Mir. When Atlantis undocks from the Mir, it will leave the new docking module permanently attached to the space station for use during future Shuttle Mir docking missions. The new module will simplify future Shuttle linkups with Mir by improving orbiter clearances when it serves as a bridge between the two space vehicles.

  4. Russian RSC Energia employees inspect DM in SSPF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    Employees of the Russian aerospace company RSC Energia prepare to conduct final inspections of the Russian-built Docking Module in the Space Station Processing Facility at KSC. The module will fly as a primary payload on the second Space Shuttle/Mir space station docking mission, STS-74, which is now scheduled for liftoff in the fall of 1995. During the mission, the module will first be attached with the orbiter's robot arm to the Orbiter Docking System (ODS) in the payload bay of the orbiter Atlantis and then be docked with the Mir. When Atlantis undocks from the Mir, it will leave the new docking module permanently attached to the space station for use during future Shuttle Mir docking missions. The new module will simplify future Shuttle linkups with Mir by improving orbiter clearances when it serves as a bridge between the two space vehicles.

  5. Effects of full-scale beach renovation on fecal indicator levels in shoreline sand and water.

    PubMed

    Hernandez, Rafael J; Hernandez, Yasiel; Jimenez, Nasly H; Piggot, Alan M; Klaus, James S; Feng, Zhixuan; Reniers, Ad; Solo-Gabriele, Helena M

    2014-01-01

    Recolonization of enterococci, at a non-point source beach known to contain high background levels of bacteria, was studied after a full-scale beach renovation project. The renovation involved importation of new exogenous sand, in addition to infrastructure improvements. The study's objectives were to document changes in sand and water quality and to evaluate the relative contribution of different renovation activities towards these changes. These objectives were addressed: by measuring enterococci levels in the sand and fecal indicator bacteria levels (enterococci and fecal coliform) in the water, by documenting sediment characteristics (mineralogy and biofilm levels), and by estimating changes in observable enterococci loads. Analysis of enterococci levels on surface sand and within sediment depth cores were significantly higher prior to beach renovation (6.3-72 CFU/g for each sampling day) when compared to levels during and after beach renovation (0.8-12 CFU/g) (P < 0.01). During the renovation process, sand enterococci levels were frequently below detection limits (<0.1 CFU/g). For water, exceedances in the regulatory thresholds that would trigger a beach advisory decreased by 40% for enterococci and by 90% for fecal coliform. Factors that did not change significantly between pre- and post- renovation included the enterococci loads from animals (approx. 3 × 10(11) CFU per month). Factors that were observed to change between pre- and post- renovation activities included: the composition of the beach sand (64% versus 98% quartz, and a significant decrease in biofilm levels) and loads from direct stormwater inputs (reduction of 3 × 10(11) CFU per month). Overall, this study supports that beach renovation activities contributed to improved sand and water quality resulting in a 50% decrease of observable enterococci loads due to upgrades to the stormwater infrastructure. Of interest was that the change in the sand mineralogy also coincided with changes in biofilm

  6. Effects of Full-Scale Beach Renovation on Fecal Indicator Levels in Shoreline Sand and Water

    PubMed Central

    Hernandez, Rafael J.; Hernandez, Yasiel; Jimenez, Nasly H.; Piggot, Alan M.; Klaus, James S.; Feng, Zhixuan; Reniers, Ad; Solo-Gabriele, Helena M.

    2013-01-01

    Recolonization of enterococci, at a non-point source beach known to contain high background levels of bacteria, was studied after a full-scale beach renovation project. The renovation involved importation of new exogenous sand, in addition to infrastructure improvements. The study's objectives were to document changes in sand and water quality and to evaluate the relative contribution of different renovation activities towards these changes. These objectives were addressed: by measuring enterococci levels in the sand and fecal indicator bacteria levels (enterococci and fecal coliform) in the water, by documenting sediment characteristics (mineralogy and biofilm levels), and by estimating changes in observable enterococci loads. Analysis of enterococci levels on surface sand and within sediment depth cores were significantly higher prior to beach renovation (6.3 to 72 CFU/g for each sampling day) when compared to levels during and after beach renovation (0.8 CFU/g to 12 CFU/g) (p<0.01). During the renovation process, sand enterococci levels were frequently below detection limits (<0.1 CFU/g). For water, exceedances in the regulatory thresholds that would trigger a beach advisory decreased by 40% for enterococci and by 90% for fecal coliform. Factors that did not change significantly between pre- and post- renovation included the enterococci loads from animals (approx. 3 × 1011 CFU per month). Factors that were observed to change between pre- and post- renovation activities included: the composition of the beach sand (64% versus 98% quartz, and a significant decrease in biofilm levels) and loads from direct stormwater inputs (reduction of 3 × 1011 CFU per month). Overall, this study supports that beach renovation activities contributed to improved sand and water quality resulting in a 50% decrease of observable enterococci loads due to upgrades to the stormwater infrastructure. Of interest was that the change in the sand mineralogy also coincided with changes in

  7. Renovation of a "sick building": the challenge of attaining the confidence of occupants.

    PubMed

    Lahtinen, Marjaana; Salonen, Heidi; Lappalainen, Sanna; Huttunen, Jukka; Reijula, Kari

    2009-05-01

    This case study focused on the renovation of a building with severe mold and HVAC problems. The users did not trust the success of the planned remedies, and the situation became conflict-prone. The aims of the study were to improve communication and cooperation between experts participating in the renovation process and the future users of the building and monitor the success of the remedies. An intervention was implemented with the aim of making the renovation easily understood by the future users of the building and preventing the escalation of unnecessary concern among them. The follow-up methods comprised a questionnaire study, technical inspections, quality measurements of the indoor air, structural follow-up measurements, and interviews of key persons. The renovation itself seems to have been successful, and the model to improve communication and cooperation appears to be a promising one. The confidence of the future users was attained, and the relocation took place as planned. In order to succeed in the renovation of a "sick building," both technical expertise and investment in information and communication are needed. Copyright 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  8. Renovation of epithermal neutron beam for BNCT at THOR.

    PubMed

    Liu, Y-W H; Huang, T T; Jiang, S H; Liu, H M

    2004-11-01

    Heading for possible use for clinical trial, THOR (Tsing Hua Open-pool Reactor) at Taiwan was shutdown for renovation of a new epithermal neutron beam in January 2003. In November 2003, concrete cutting was finished for closer distance from core and larger treatment room. This article presents the design base that the construction of the new beam is based on. The filter/moderator design along the beam is Cd(0.1cm)+Al(10 cm)+FLUENTAL (16 cm)+Al(10 cm)+FLUENTAL(24 cm)+Void(18 cm)+Cd(0.1cm)+Bi(10 cm) with 6 cm Pb as reflector. Following the filter/moderator is an 88 cm long, 6 cm thick Bi-lined collimator with Li(2)CO(3)-PE at the end. The collimator is surrounded by Li(2)CO(3)-PE and Pb. The calculated beam parameters under 2 MW at the beam exit is phi(epi) = 3.4 x 10(9) n/cm(2)/s, Df/phi(epi) = 2.8 x 10(-11) cGy cm(2)/n, Dgamma/phi(epi) = 1.3 x 10(-11) cGy cm(2)/n, and J+/phi = 0.8. For a phantom placed 10 cm from beam exit, MCNP calculation shows that the advantage depth is 8.9 cm, and advantage ratio is 5.6 if boron concentration in tumor and normal tissue are assumed to be 65 and 18 ppm. The maximum dose rate for normal tissue is 50 cGy/min. The maximum therapeutic ratio is 6. The construction of the beam is scheduled to be finished by the end of April 2004.

  9. Lowell Observatory's 24-inch Clark Refractor: Its History and Renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schindler, Kevin; Nye, Ralph; Rosenthal, Peter

    2016-01-01

    In 1895, Percival Lowell hired eminent telescope maker Alvan G. Clark to build a 24-inch refractor. Lowell intended the telescope intitally for observing Mars in support of his controversial theories about life on that planet. Clark finished the telescope within a year and at a cost of $20,000. Lowell and his staff of assistants and astronomers began observing through it on July 23, 1896, setting off a long and productive career for the telescope.While Lowell's Mars studies dominated early work with the Clark, V.M. Slipher by the 1910s was using it to observe planetary rotations and atmospheric compositions. He soon revolutionized spectroscopic studies, gathering excruciatingly long spectra - some in excess of 40 hours - of the so-called white nebula and determining startling radial velocities, evidence of an expanding universe. In the 1960s, scientists and artists teamed up on the Clark and created detailed lunar maps in support of the Apollo program.In recent decades, the Clark has played a central role in the education programs at Lowell, with general public audiences, students, and private groups all taking advantage of this unique resource.With this nearly 120 years of contant use, the Clark had been wearing down in recent years. The telescope was becoming more difficult to move, old electrical wiring in the dome was a fire hazard, and many of the telescope's parts needed to be repaired or replaced.In 2013, Lowell Observatory began a fundraising campaign, collecting $291,000 to cover the cost of dome and telescope renovation. Workers removed the entire telescope mount and tube assembly from the dome, examining every part from tube sections to individuals screws. They also stabilized the dome, adding a water vapor barrier and new outer wall while reinforcing the upper dome. The project lasted from January, 2014 through August, 2015. The facility reopened for daytime tours in September, 2015 and evening viewing the following month.

  10. Monitoring steel bridge renovation using lead isotopic tracing.

    PubMed

    Salome, Fred; Gulson, Brian; Chiaradia, Massimo; Davis, Jeffrey; Morris, Howard

    2017-05-01

    Monitoring removal of lead (Pb) paint from steel structures usually involves analysis of environmental samples for total lead and determination of blood Pb levels of employees involved in the Pb paint removal. We used high precision Pb isotopic tracing for a bridge undergoing Pb paint removal to determine if Pb in the environmental and blood samples originated from the bridge paint. The paint system on the bridge consisted of an anti-corrosive red Pb primer top-coated with a Micaceous Iron Oxide (MIO) alkyd. Analysis of the red Pb primer gave uniform isotopic ratios indicative of Pb from the geologically-ancient Broken Hill mines in western New South Wales, Australia. Likewise waste abrasive material, as anticipated, had the same isotopic composition as the paint. The isotopic ratios for other samples lay on 2 separate linear arrays on a(207)Pb/(204)Pb versus (206)Pb/(204)Pb diagram, one largely defined by gasoline and the majority of the ambient air data, and the other by data for one sample each of gasoline and ambient air and underwater sediments. Isotopic ratios in background ambient air samples for the project were characteristic of leaded gasoline. Air sampling during paint removal showed a contribution of paint Pb ranging from about 20 to 40%. Isotopic ratios in the blood of 8 employees prior to the commencement of work showed that 6 of these had been previously exposed to the Broken Hill Pb possibly from earlier bridge paint removal projects. One subject appeared to have increased exposure to Pb probably from the paint renovations. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Wastewater renovation using constructed soil filter (CSF): a novel approach.

    PubMed

    Nemade, P D; Kadam, A M; Shankar, H S

    2009-10-30

    Constructed soil filter (CSF) also known as Soil Biotechnology (SBT) is a process for water renovation which makes use of formulated media with culture of soil macro- and microorganisms. CSF combines sedimentation, infiltration and biodegradation processes to remove oxidizable organics and inorganics of wastewater in a single facility. Operating experience shows hydraulic loading in the range of 0.05-0.25 m(3)/m(2) h and organic loading up to 200-680 g/m(2) d. The results show increase in dissolved oxygen levels, COD removal (from 352 mg/l to 20 mg/l); BOD removal (from 211 mg/l to 7.0 mg/l); suspended solids removal (from 293 mg/l to 16 mg/l); turbidity reduction (from 145 NTU to 5.3 NTU); iron (from 5 mg/l to 0.3 mg/l); arsenic (from 500 microg/l to 10 microg/l); total coliform and fecal coliform removal (from 145 x 10(5) to 55 CFU/100 mL and 150 x 10(8) to 110 CFU/100 mL respectively), with desired pathogen levels as per WHO standards, i.e. < or =10(3) CFU/100 mL. CSF reveals advantages such as low HRT (0.5-2.0 h), low energy requirement (0.04 kWh/m(3)), no pre-treatment, high dissolved oxygen levels in the effluent, no biosludge production, no mechanical aeration and no odor, fish compatible water quality and evergreen ambience.

  12. Carbon balance of renovated grasslands: input- or output-driven?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choncubhair, Órlaith Ní; Osborne, Bruce; Lanigan, Gary

    2015-04-01

    Temperate grasslands constitute over 30% of the Earth's naturally-occurring biomes and make an important contribution towards the partial mitigation of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by terrestrial ecosystems. In permanent temperate grasslands, biomass production and sward quality can deteriorate over time and periodic renovation activities, involving soil tillage and reseeding, are commonly carried out to halt this decline. Long-term cultivation of agricultural land has been associated with soil aggregate degradation and reduced soil carbon storage. However, the impact of these single tillage disturbances on C cycling in grasslands is less clear. This study evaluated gaseous and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) losses following a single tillage event by subjecting grassland lysimeters with contrasting soil drainage characteristics to simulated conventional inversion or minimum tillage. Field-scale CO2 emissions after conventional tillage were also quantified and empirically modelled over short- and medium-term timeframes to delineate the ecosystem response to environmental variables. Soil moisture was the limiting determinant of ecosystem carbon release following conventional tillage. Freshly-tilled soils were associated with reduced water retention and increased sensitivity to soil moisture, which was particularly pronounced following rewetting events. Significantly elevated but ephemeral CO2 effluxes were detected in the hours following inversion ploughing, however tillage disturbance did not generate significantly enhanced C emission rates in the medium term. Equally, DOC losses were not significantly amplified by conventional tillage compared with conservative minimum tillage and were predominantly controlled by soil drainage across tillage regimes. Our results suggest that a net ecosystem source of 120 to 210 g C m-2 over an approximately two-month period was most likely a consequence of reduced productivity and C input rather than enhanced soil CO2

  13. Aalto University Undergraduate Centre. Protected Alvar Aalto Building Awarded for Accessibility After Renovation.

    PubMed

    Raike, Antti; Ahlava, Antti; Tuomi, Teemu; Skyttä, Pauliina; Verma, Ira

    2016-01-01

    The main building of the former Helsinki University of Technology (TKK) designed by Alvar Aalto is part of the cultural heritage in Finland. The building underwent a major renovation in 2011-2015 and has now become an awarded Undergraduate Centre for the modern interdisciplinary education of Aalto University. This paper presents how the architectural masterpiece from the 1960's was renovated and updated into a modern and accessible university building. Particular attention was paid for entering the building by wheelchairs, prams and pushchairs. The successful renovation was awarded in 2015 by the 'Esteetön Suomi -palkinto' (Accessible Finland Award), given every two years as a mark of recognition to activities or locations implementing the principles of accessibility and Universal Design for all on a broad scale and in a nationally significant way.

  14. Six meter coke battery renovation at Great Lakes Division, National Steel Corporation

    SciTech Connect

    Sperner, F.A.; Kalinowsky, R.P. )

    1993-01-01

    In 1990, National Steel Corporation initiated the renovation of its No. 5 Battery Facility to reduce Great Lakes Division dependency on outside coke sources by producing enough coke to meet 60% of Great Lakes Division needs. The renovation of the No. 5 Coke Battery and associated By-Product Plant required work in the Battery, Oven Machinery, Coal Handling, Coke Handling and By-Product Plants No. 3 and No. 2. The paper briefly describes the scope of the renovations, then describes the equipment, modifications made, and results of modifications for the following: coal handling system, oven battery (heating, structural design, and process control), oven machinery (U-tube car, pusher machine, on spot door machine, hood car, and quench car), coke handling, and by-products plant (tar and liquor system, primary cooling, exhausters and tar precipitators, secondary gas cooling/ammonia scrubbing, light oil system, waste water treatment and benzene emission controls, and computerized control system).

  15. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint Activities Firm Application $550 $550 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint...

  16. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint Activities Firm Application $550 $550 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint...

  17. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint Activities Firm Application $550 $550 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint...

  18. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint Activities Firm Application $550 $550 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint...

  19. 40 CFR 745.92 - Fees for the accreditation of renovation and dust sampling technician training and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Residential Property... Certification Re-certification (every 5 years see 40 CFR 745.89(b)) Firm $300 $300 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint Activities Firm Application $550 $550 Combined Renovation and Lead-based Paint...

  20. 25 CFR 256.15 - How long will I have to wait for repair, renovation, or replacement of my dwelling?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How long will I have to wait for repair, renovation, or replacement of my dwelling? 256.15 Section 256.15 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.15 How long will I have to wait for repair, renovation, or...

  1. 75 FR 24802 - Lead; Amendment to the Opt-Out and Recordkeeping Provisions in the Renovation, Repair, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ...EPA is finalizing several revisions to the Lead Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program (RRP) rule that published in the Federal Register on April 22, 2008. The RRP rule established accreditation, training, certification, and recordkeeping requirements as well as work practice standards on persons performing renovations for compensation in most pre-1978 housing and child-occupied facilities.......

  2. Perceived effects of home renovation on independence of physically disabled Koreans living at home.

    PubMed

    Lee, Yeunsook; Park, Jiyoung; Jang, Miseon

    2017-06-06

    This study aims to identify the potential effects of home renovation on independence promotion of physically disabled Koreans living at home. The method of the study is a survey with a questionnaire; subjects are physically disabled people living at home in rural and urban areas in Korea. The Functional Independence Measure was used to measure changes in subjects' levels of independence. It was expected that if homes were renovated according to individual needs, disabled people's independence level would be increased by one or more level compared to their current daily independence level in their existing homes. In particular, independence levels concerning bathing and locomotion, which are low in existing conditions, were expected to increase significantly with renovation. Such effects on independence level were conspicuous for disabled people in rural area. The results prove the positive effects of home renovations of disabled people's independence, thus providing meaningful academic evidence on home renovations for disabled people. Implication for rehabilitation Korea had a culture where support measures to aid the life independence of disabled persons relied heavily on human services, leading to a lack of diversity in support measures. By closing the gap between the resident's disability and the inadequacy in their prevailing environment, house remodeling can be a crucial intervention for improving the independence of disabled persons in their daily lives. Depending on the nature of their disabilities and their residential arrangements, disabled persons have diverse needs regarding home remodeling. Implementing home remodeling in such a manner that suits the resident's needs is crucial to boosting their independence. Because of this, remodeling personnel must interact with residents prior to the renovation while also strengthening their expertise.

  3. Recommendations for renovating an operating theater at an emergency obstetric care facility.

    PubMed

    Abreu, E; Potter, D

    2001-12-01

    The importance of emergency obstetric care (EmOC) in reducing maternal mortality has focused attention on both the skills of the clinicians to provide high quality care and on the health facilities in which the care is provided. Essential elements of EmOC include the capacity to perform cesarean sections for which an operating theater is needed. This article focuses on renovation of existing operating theaters to meet the necessary standards. While building, adding to, or renovating operating theaters can be expensive, this article emphasizes appropriate materials that are likely to be locally available and relatively inexpensive. The importance of proper maintenance is discussed.

  4. Proposal for Determing the Scale of Renovation Needs of Residential Buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nowogońska, Beata

    2016-09-01

    The scope of renovation works depends, above all. on the state in which a historical site has been preserved. All actions ought to be preceded by an assessment of the technical condition of the buildings. The article presents a method for determining the scale of needs for renovating existing buildings constructed in traditional technology. The established planning decision criteria, determined by measures of decision criteria and the weights of these criteria comprise output data for establishing a matrix of indicators for the order in which works ought to be carried out. Results of using it on inhabited residential buildings located in Gorzów Wielkopolski have also been presented.

  5. Prototype wash water renovation system integration with government-furnished wash fixture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The requirements of a significant quantity of proposed life sciences experiments in Shuttle payloads for available wash water to support cleansing operations has provided the incentive to develop a technique for wash water renovation. A prototype wash water waste renovation system which has the capability to process the waste water and return it to a state adequate for reuse in a typical cleansing fixture designed to support life science experiments was investigated. The resulting technology is to support other developments efforts pertaining to water reclamation by serving as a pretreatment step for subsequent reclamation procedures.

  6. Trusses Of Tensegrity Type In A Concept Of Train Station Renovation In Żary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lechocka, Paulina

    2015-09-01

    The first railway station in Żary was built in 1843 in Germany. After the Second World War and years of socialism in Poland the meaning of railway decreased and its technical condition deteriorated. Now the building needs renovation and change of function. Tensegrity structures may be useful in renovation of platforms shelter. They are strut and tie construction, in which there is self-stabilization between compressed and tensioned elements. Conception of new platform shelter is based on exemplary tensegrity module consist of three struts and nine cables (called "Simplex"). Tensegrity would make railway station more modern, but not cover its original elevation.

  7. Utilizing field medical equipment to support fixed facilities during major renovation projects.

    PubMed

    Call, C A; Maloney, J P

    1993-05-01

    When a fixed facility plans for renovation, the ultimate goal is to provide continuous, cost-effective medical operations. One alternative is to utilize field medical equipment. The Deployable Medical Systems (DEPMEDS), even though designed for battlefield medicine, has been successfully used for six fixed facility renovation projects. As a direct result of various studies, several improvements have been implemented and recommended for the DEPMEDS equipment when used to support fixed facilities. These projects have provided a rich learning experience and have significantly improved the readiness posture of the AMEDD.

  8. Technique renovation of the Grad-Shafranov (GS) reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Huijun; Feng, Xueshang

    Grad-Shafranov (GS) reconstruction is now a novel tool in observational study on the flux rope events in solar winds and in magnetospheric plasmas. Meanwhile, mathematic flaws constraint its further application in structure recovery with the spacecraft data. In this talk, we report some new results in an ambition of the technique renovation of the GS reconstructions. (1) A pair of Hilbert transforms is proofed existing there on the boundary of any 2-dimensional potential field, and the essential technique of GS reconstruction is reformulated into the inverse boundary value problems (IBVPs) for Laplace’s equation. (2) The famous problem, i.e. the ill-posedness of the IBVPs, is also solved with the help of the introduced Hilbert transforms: It’s proofed that the specified IBVPs have unique solution, given the known Dirichlet and Neumann conditions on the partial boundary. Even when the known boundary is reduced to only one point, it can be inferred logically that the unique solution still exists there on the remaining boundary. (3) According to linearity of the elliptic operator in GS equation, its solution can be divided into two parts. One is solved from a semi-linear elliptic equation with an homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition. The other is solved from the IBVP of Laplace’s equation. It is concluded that there exists a unique solution for the so-called elliptic Cauchy problem for the essential technique of GS reconstruction. (4) The new solution approach is also developed with the introduced Hilbert transforms, and an iterated Tikhonov regularization scheme is applied to deal with the ill-posed linear operators appearing in the discretization of the new approach. The special case on the circular boundary is benchmarked with the analytic solutions. Numerical experiments highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method. (5) After a conformal mapping procedure, the new solution approach has also been extended from the circle boundary to any

  9. 77 FR 23476 - Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market... in the above-referenced proceeding of Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC's application for market-based...

  10. Maryland Public School Standards for Information and Communications Distribution Systems in New Construction and Renovation Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    Standards established by Maryland public schools for information and communication distribution systems in new construction and renovation projects are detailed. The function of the communications distribution room (CDR) is to house the distribution equipment of the school's communications systems and may contain gateways, tuners, video cassette…

  11. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN... certified renovator. (3) Individuals who have successfully completed an accredited lead-based paint... are currently certified as lead-based paint inspectors or risk assessors may act as certified...

  12. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN... certified renovator. (3) Individuals who have successfully completed an accredited lead-based paint... are currently certified as lead-based paint inspectors or risk assessors may act as certified...

  13. Digital Renovation of the Geologic Map of the Near Side of the Moon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fortezzo, C. M.; Hare, T. M.

    2011-03-01

    We have digitally renovated the 1971 Wilhelms and MacCauley lunar near side geologic map. The digital version is in simple cylindrical with the geology and contact locations updated based on the Lunar Orbiter mosaic and a preliminary Kaguya DEM.

  14. The health effects of odor emission from domestic renovation on household residents in Tianjin, China.

    PubMed

    Liu, Hong-Liang; Lam, Lawrence T; Wang, Ting; Hou, Chang-Chun; Zeng, Qiang; Feng, Li-Hong; Chen, Xue-Min

    2007-03-01

    The health effects of odors emitted from the human environment have received some discussion in the literature. Little has been written, however, about the health effects of odor emissions from renovation. The authors therefore conducted a cross-sectional study with a simple randomized sampling design. The sample was selected from a building-and-construction registry that registered all building and domestic renovation applications in Tianjin, China. Information on demographics, physical symptoms, and health status was collected via personal interviews. Air samples were also collected from each household for chemical analysis. Data were analyzed with weighted logistic-regression models. A significant association was found between exposure to odor emission and unspecific physical symptoms. After potential confounders were adjusted for, it was found that people who had been exposed to moderate-to-strong odor emissions from renovations were about four times more likely to report experiencing unspecific discomfort than were people who had been exposed to weak odor emissions (odds ratio = 4.05; 95 percent confidence interval = 1.49-11.03). The results indicate that odor emissions from domestic renovation have a detrimental effect on human physical health. This effect seemed to be independent from that generated by chemicals. Implications and prevention strategies are discussed.

  15. Review of fungal outbreaks and infection prevention in healthcare settings during construction and renovation.

    PubMed

    Kanamori, Hajime; Rutala, William A; Sickbert-Bennett, Emily E; Weber, David J

    2015-08-01

    Hospital construction and renovation activities are an ever-constant phenomenon in healthcare facilities, causing dust contamination and possible dispersal of fungal spores. We reviewed fungal outbreaks that occurred during construction and renovation over the last 4 decades as well as current infection prevention strategies and control measures. Fungal outbreaks still occur in healthcare settings, especially among patients with hematological malignancies and those who are immunocompromised. The causative pathogens of these outbreaks were usually Aspergillus species, but Zygomycetes and other fungi were occasionally reported. Aspergillus most commonly caused pulmonary infection. The overall mortality of construction/renovation-associated fungal infection was approximately 50%. The minimal concentration of fungal spores by air sampling for acquisition of fungal infections remains to be determined. Performing infection control risk assessments and implementing the recommended control measures is essential to prevent healthcare-associated fungal outbreaks during construction and renovation. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. Pulmonary infiltration after exposure to home renovation dust: histopathology and microanalysis.

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, K; McSharry, C P; Morris, G P; Cameron, C H; McLellan, D; Vernon, D R

    1996-01-01

    A subacute self-resolving illness associated with bilateral pulmonary infiltration developed in a patient following renovation in her home. This may have been related to exposure to silicaceous plaster dust which was found in an environmental sample as well as on microanalysis of a transbronchial lung biopsy specimen and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Images PMID:8693454

  17. Effects of pasture renovation on hydrology, nutrient runoff, and forage yield

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Proper pasture management is important in promoting optimal forage growth and reducing runoff and nutrient loss. Pasture renovation was performed prior to manure application (poultry litter or swine slurry) on different pasture soils and rainfall simulations were conducted to identify the effects o...

  18. Social Ecology and Environmental Psychology as Applied to the Design and Renovation of American University Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krumwiede, Robert William

    This paper focuses on making specific connections between basic social and psychological needs of campus residents and the principles of architectural design that can be applied to the design and renovation of educational facilities. Various research was used to select six "principles of social ecology" that were cross-referenced with…

  19. Strategy for controlling noise and vibration during renovation of an animal facility.

    PubMed

    Sobotka, Thomas J; Harper, Susan; Hanig, Joseph; Robl, Martin

    2003-01-01

    The noise level in an animal facility is an important environmental variable that can adversely affect animal welfare, as well as experimental data. The authors describe the strategy they used to record, evaluate, and control excess noise and vibration during a period of renovation, while maintaining the operation of a research facility.

  20. 40 CFR 745.90 - Renovator certification and dust sampling technician certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... to perform dust clearance sampling under § 745.85(c) in any State or Indian Tribal area that does not... requested by the party contracting for renovation services, must use an acceptable test kit to determine... course completion certificate. (8) Must prepare the records required by § 745.86(b)(1) and (b)(6)....

  1. Some Effects of School Building Renovation on Pupil Attitudes and Behavior in Selected Junior High Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cramer, Robert Joseph

    A study of 2,300 junior high school students from three schools determined the effect of a newly renovated school, a new school environment, and an old dilapidated school environment on their attitudes and behavior. Points were assigned to their answers; high scores indicated a positive attitude. Results show attitudes were lowest in the old…

  2. Maryland Public School Standards for Information and Communications Distribution Systems in New Construction and Renovation Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    Standards established by Maryland public schools for information and communication distribution systems in new construction and renovation projects are detailed. The function of the communications distribution room (CDR) is to house the distribution equipment of the school's communications systems and may contain gateways, tuners, video cassette…

  3. [History of the renovation of the hôtel-Dieu of Bourges].

    PubMed

    Gitton, Philippe

    2006-01-01

    From the 16th to the 20th century "hôtel-Dieu" was the main hospital in the Berry capital. In the 30's the mayor decided to renovate the building but in 1994 the construction of a new hospital--"Centre Hospitalier Jacques-Coeur"--freed the ancient building which became a historical centre for culture et tourism in the region.

  4. Building a New Library or Renovating an Old: Some Things To Consider.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Gerard B.

    This article provides suggestions for librarians who are planning for the construction of new library buildings or the renovation or conversion of older buildings. The recommendations are based on practical experience gained by a Director of University Libraries in the planning and construction of Tompkins-McCaw and James Branch Cabell Libraries…

  5. Construction Know-How: Making the Best Possible Decisions Regarding School Construction and Renovation Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Argon, Joe, Ed.; Spoor, Dana L.; Cox, Susan M.; Brown, Andrew; Ray, Jennifer

    1998-01-01

    Presents a series of articles that examine decision making in school construction and renovation projects. Topics include preparing for a construction project, purchasing windows that provide protection at a reasonable cost, choosing the best flooring and carpeting, and dealing with deregulation. An industry roundtable discussion on project…

  6. Construction Know-How: Making the Best Possible Decisions Regarding School Construction and Renovation Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Argon, Joe, Ed.; Spoor, Dana L.; Cox, Susan M.; Brown, Andrew; Ray, Jennifer

    1998-01-01

    Presents a series of articles that examine decision making in school construction and renovation projects. Topics include preparing for a construction project, purchasing windows that provide protection at a reasonable cost, choosing the best flooring and carpeting, and dealing with deregulation. An industry roundtable discussion on project…

  7. School Renovation and the Importance of Maintenance. [Interview with Charles Boney, Jr.].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butterfield, Eric

    Charles Boney, Jr., Director of Boney Architects, offers his views on school districts that build schools that have to be replaced too soon, general problems concerning renovation of older buildings, and keeping maintenance costs down. He discusses the types of flooring materials school districts should consider using to lower maintenance costs…

  8. 45 CFR 1309.10 - Applications for the purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Applications for the purchase, construction and... RENOVATION AND CONSTRUCTION Application Procedures § 1309.10 Applications for the purchase, construction and... grantee's ability to collaborate with other child care, early education programs, social services...

  9. Renovating Alzheimer's: "Constructive" Reflections on the New Clinical and Research Diagnostic Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Daniel R.; Qualls, Sara H.; Camp, Cameron J.; Whitehouse, Peter J.

    2013-01-01

    The development of disease concepts for conditions such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an ongoing social process that evolves over time. The biomedical paradigm about AD that has informed our culture's understanding of brain aging for the past several decades is currently undergoing a major and timely renovation in the early 21st century. This…

  10. Earthworm populations in septic system filter fields and potential effects on wastewater renovation

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Wastewater renovation in septic-system filter fields can be affected by preferential flow through soil macropores. Earthworm burrows may contribute to this concern by penetrating the infiltrative surface of soil-treatment trenches. Additionally, the moist, nutrient-rich environment surrounding tre...

  11. Renovating Alzheimer's: "Constructive" Reflections on the New Clinical and Research Diagnostic Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Daniel R.; Qualls, Sara H.; Camp, Cameron J.; Whitehouse, Peter J.

    2013-01-01

    The development of disease concepts for conditions such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an ongoing social process that evolves over time. The biomedical paradigm about AD that has informed our culture's understanding of brain aging for the past several decades is currently undergoing a major and timely renovation in the early 21st century. This…

  12. The Effect of School Building Renovation/Construction on School Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesisko, Lee J.; Wright, Robert J.; O'Hern, Brenda

    2010-01-01

    School construction or renovation projects can have a profound affect on students, faculty and administration. The literature revealed that continuous communication is essential for a smooth process. This research identified bureaucratic issues and school climate to be leading factors of concern during construction projects. Analysis of this study…

  13. 76 FR 8395 - Issuance of a Presidential Permit Authorizing the Expansion, Renovation, Operation, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-14

    ... Commercial and Pedestrian Border Crossing Called ``Nogales-Mariposa'' in the Vicinity of Nogales, AZ, at the... expand, renovate, operate, and maintain the commercial and pedestrian border crossing called ``Nogales... Executive Order 11423, as amended. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stewart Tuttle, U.S.-Mexico...

  14. 45 CFR 1309.11 - Cost comparison for purchase, construction and major renovation of facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... facility must submit a detailed estimate of the costs of the proposed activity and compare the costs of the... purchase a facility, without requesting funds for major renovations to the facility, must compare costs of... continue purchase of a facility, the cost of the present facility must be compared to the cost of...

  15. HELP! for Library Media Center Design, Construction and Renovation: A Guide for Consulting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauser, Judy

    Schools that are planning to renovate, redesign, or construct a media center face many challenges. To help in these efforts, this booklet offers suggestions for planning and executing a media center project. It includes tools and resources that school personnel will need before mounting such a major project. Guidelines provided by the Library…

  16. Alternate Project Delivery Methods: New Ways to Build and Renovate School Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aller, Gary

    2002-01-01

    Describes potential benefits of four alternative project-delivery methods for school construction, renovation, and maintenance: construction manager-at-risk (CMAR), design-build (DB), design-bid-build (DBB), and job-order contracting (JOC). Compares CMAR, DBB, and DB for construction cost, schedule, and quality. (PKP)

  17. 78 FR 25062 - Program for Construction, Renovation, Repair or Expansion of Public Schools Located on Military...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-29

    ... on Military Installations AGENCY: Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA), Department of Defense (DoD... program to construct, renovate, repair, or expand elementary and ] secondary public schools on military... Schools Located on Military Installations. Announcement Type: Federal Funding Opportunity. Catalog of...

  18. Assessment of Flooring Renovations on African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Behavior and Glucocorticoid Response

    PubMed Central

    Boyle, Sarah A.; Roberts, Beth; Pope, Brittany M.; Blake, Margaret R.; Leavelle, Stephen E.; Marshall, Jennifer J.; Smith, Andrew; Hadicke, Amanda; Falcone, Josephine F.; Knott, Katrina; Kouba, Andrew J.

    2015-01-01

    Captive African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants can experience foot pathologies and arthritis. As a preventative measure against these pathologies and to alleviate the potential discomfort due to concrete substrates, some zoological institutions have renovated elephant housing to increase the amount of natural or shock-absorbent substrates. The objective of this study was to compare behavioral (diurnal and nocturnal) and glucorticoid (e.g., serum cortisol) responses of three female African elephants before, during, and after renovation to their indoor housing floor to assess whether renovations had short-term effects on the elephants’ behavior and stress physiology. Behavioral data were collected using scan-sampling methods, and activity budgets were constructed for each of the three elephants. In addition, the duration of all lying rest activities were recorded. Weekly serum cortisol concentrations were determined with enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Overall, eating was the most prevalent behavior exhibited outdoors during the day, while resting (either in a lying or standing position) were most common during the indoor, nocturnal periods. Although variation existed among the three elephants, all three females spent significantly more time walking and less time eating during the day after the completion of the renovations. The extent to which the three elephants exhibited nocturnal lying rest behavior varied among the elephants, with the oldest elephant exhibiting the least amount (an average of 13.2 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans) compared to the two younger elephants (an average of 34.5 ± 2.1% and 56.6 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans). There was a significant increase in lying rest behavior for one elephant and standing rest for a second elephant following renovations. Baseline cortisol concentrations prior to renovations were 3.0 ± 0.4 ng/ml, 4.5 ± 0.5 ng/ml, and 4.9 ± 0.5 ng/ml for the three elephants. Cortisol

  19. Assessment of Flooring Renovations on African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Behavior and Glucocorticoid Response.

    PubMed

    Boyle, Sarah A; Roberts, Beth; Pope, Brittany M; Blake, Margaret R; Leavelle, Stephen E; Marshall, Jennifer J; Smith, Andrew; Hadicke, Amanda; Falcone, Josephine F; Knott, Katrina; Kouba, Andrew J

    2015-01-01

    Captive African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants can experience foot pathologies and arthritis. As a preventative measure against these pathologies and to alleviate the potential discomfort due to concrete substrates, some zoological institutions have renovated elephant housing to increase the amount of natural or shock-absorbent substrates. The objective of this study was to compare behavioral (diurnal and nocturnal) and glucorticoid (e.g., serum cortisol) responses of three female African elephants before, during, and after renovation to their indoor housing floor to assess whether renovations had short-term effects on the elephants' behavior and stress physiology. Behavioral data were collected using scan-sampling methods, and activity budgets were constructed for each of the three elephants. In addition, the duration of all lying rest activities were recorded. Weekly serum cortisol concentrations were determined with enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Overall, eating was the most prevalent behavior exhibited outdoors during the day, while resting (either in a lying or standing position) were most common during the indoor, nocturnal periods. Although variation existed among the three elephants, all three females spent significantly more time walking and less time eating during the day after the completion of the renovations. The extent to which the three elephants exhibited nocturnal lying rest behavior varied among the elephants, with the oldest elephant exhibiting the least amount (an average of 13.2 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans) compared to the two younger elephants (an average of 34.5 ± 2.1% and 56.6 ± 2.8% of the nightly behavioral scans). There was a significant increase in lying rest behavior for one elephant and standing rest for a second elephant following renovations. Baseline cortisol concentrations prior to renovations were 3.0 ± 0.4 ng/ml, 4.5 ± 0.5 ng/ml, and 4.9 ± 0.5 ng/ml for the three elephants. Cortisol

  20. [Performance evaluation of rural latrine renovation in key schistosomiasis control areas, Jiangsu Province].

    PubMed

    Jin, Xiao-Lin; Xu, Xiang-Zhen; Chen, Xiao-Jin; Cao, Han-Jun; Shen, Ming-Xue; Jiang, Wen-Cai; Jiang, Gang

    2011-08-01

    To evaluate the hygienic, environmental, social and economic benefits achieved by rural latrine renovation in key schistosomiasis control areas, Jiangsu Province. Eights villages (evaluation villages) that finished and the three villages (control villages) that did not finish the latrine renovation work were sampled and investigated through field visits, questionnaire, referring to information and so on, to collect relevant data, and human waste samples were detected for laboratory indicators in hygiene and environment, in key schistosomiasis control areas in three counties (cities, districts), Jiangsu Province. A total of 11 villages and 220 households were investigated. In the evaluation villages, the owning rate and quality conformity rate of three-format sanitary latrines were 98.6% and 98.8%, respectively. The human schistosome infection rate, intestinal parasite infection rate, the incidence of intestinal infectious diseases, and related medical costs decreased by 100%, 44.5%, 34.2% and 82.8%, respectively, compared with those before latrine renovation. In laboratory testing, the removal rates of fecal coliform values, CODcr, BOD5 and ammonia nitrogen in the third cell of household latrine were 99.99%, 68.50%, 63.17% and 52.30%, respectively, compared to those in the first cell. The village appearance had changed fundamentally, the villagers were satisfied with the latrine renovation, and their health knowledge and health behavior improved significantly. Rural latrine renovation in key schistosomiasis control areas has got great achievements in hygienic, environmental, social and economic benefits. It plays an important role in the promotion of schistosomiasis control, economic development and social harmony.

  1. Technological renovation of thermal power plants as a long-term check factor of electricity price growth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Veselov, F. V.; Novikova, T. V.; Khorshev, A. A.

    2015-12-01

    The paper focuses on economic aspects of the Russian thermal generation sector's renovation in a competitive market environment. Capabilities of the existing competitive electricity and capacity pricing mechanisms, created during the wholesale market reform, to ensure the wide-scale modernization of thermal power plants (TPPs) are estimated. Some additional stimulating measures to focus the investment process on the renovation of the thermal generation sector are formulated, and supplementing and supporting costs are assessed. Finally, the systemic effect of decelerating wholesale electricity prices caused by efficiency improvements at thermal power plants is analyzed depending on the scales of renovation and fuel prices.

  2. An assessment of schoolyard renovation strategies to encourage children's physical activity

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Children in poor and minority neighborhoods often lack adequate environmental support for healthy physical development and community interventions designed to improve physical activity resources serve as an important approach to addressing obesity. In Denver, the Learning Landscapes (LL) program has constructed over 98 culturally-tailored schoolyard play spaces at elementary schools with the goal to encourage utilization of play spaces and physical activity. In spite of enthusiasm about such projects to improve urban environments, little work has evaluated their impact or success in achieving their stated objectives. This study evaluates the impacts of LL construction and recency of renovation on schoolyard utilization and the physical activity rates of children, both during and outside of school, using an observational study design. Methods This study employs a quantitative method for evaluating levels of physical activity of individuals and associated environmental characteristics in play and leisure environments. Schools were selected on the basis of their participation in the LL program, the recency of schoolyard renovation, the size of the school, and the social and demographic characteristics of the school population. Activity in the schoolyards was measured using the System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity (SOPLAY), a validated quantitative method for evaluating levels of physical activity of individuals in play and leisure environments. Trained observers collected measurements before school, during school recess, after school, and on weekends. Overall utilization (the total number of children observed on the grounds) and the rate of activity (the percentage of children observed who were physically active) were analyzed. Observations were compared using t-tests and the data were stratified by gender for further analysis. In order to assess the impacts of LL renovation, recently-constructed LL schoolyards were compared to LL schoolyards with

  3. An assessment of schoolyard renovation strategies to encourage children's physical activity.

    PubMed

    Anthamatten, Peter; Brink, Lois; Lampe, Sarah; Greenwood, Emily; Kingston, Beverly; Nigg, Claudio

    2011-04-09

    Children in poor and minority neighborhoods often lack adequate environmental support for healthy physical development and community interventions designed to improve physical activity resources serve as an important approach to addressing obesity. In Denver, the Learning Landscapes (LL) program has constructed over 98 culturally-tailored schoolyard play spaces at elementary schools with the goal to encourage utilization of play spaces and physical activity. In spite of enthusiasm about such projects to improve urban environments, little work has evaluated their impact or success in achieving their stated objectives. This study evaluates the impacts of LL construction and recency of renovation on schoolyard utilization and the physical activity rates of children, both during and outside of school, using an observational study design. This study employs a quantitative method for evaluating levels of physical activity of individuals and associated environmental characteristics in play and leisure environments. Schools were selected on the basis of their participation in the LL program, the recency of schoolyard renovation, the size of the school, and the social and demographic characteristics of the school population. Activity in the schoolyards was measured using the System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity (SOPLAY), a validated quantitative method for evaluating levels of physical activity of individuals in play and leisure environments. Trained observers collected measurements before school, during school recess, after school, and on weekends. Overall utilization (the total number of children observed on the grounds) and the rate of activity (the percentage of children observed who were physically active) were analyzed. Observations were compared using t-tests and the data were stratified by gender for further analysis. In order to assess the impacts of LL renovation, recently-constructed LL schoolyards were compared to LL schoolyards with older construction

  4. Is renovation riskier than new construction?: an observational comparison of risk factors for stepladder-related falls.

    PubMed

    Ronk, Christopher J; Dennerlein, Jack T; Hoffman, Elaine; Perry, Melissa J

    2011-08-01

    Stepladder-related injuries at construction sites have increased in recent years. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of stepladder-related fall hazards in general construction and to compare the risks on renovation worksites to new construction build sites. Eighteen worksites were visited, resulting in the observation of 771 stepladders. Eight of the sites were new builds and ten were renovation projects. High compliance with best practices was not observed for several factors, including having hands free while climbing (46%) and using minimum forces (72%). There was a notable trend toward more hazards on renovation build projects than on new construction sites; however, these differences were not statistically significant. There was not sufficient evidence to show that stepladder fall hazards are more prevalent on renovation projects than on new build projects. Having hands free while climbing and using minimum forces were two practices needing more wide-scale adoption regardless of construction job type. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  5. La energia geotermica en la actualidad: Geothermal Today (Spanish version - 2003)

    SciTech Connect

    2003-09-01

    Por encargo del Secretario Abraham, la Oficina de Eficiencia Energética y Energía Renovable suministra el liderazgo a nivel nacional para impulsar las tecnologías de eficiencia energética y energía renovables, para saltar por encima de las limitaciones del status quo, y para alcanzar beneficios ambientales notables. El Programa de Tecnologías Geotérmicas, parte crítica de nuestro esfuerzo conjunto, está avanzando a grandes zancadas para aumentar la viabilidad y el despliegue de electricidad ...

  6. A library for the twenty-first century: the Galter Health Sciences Library's renovation and expansion project.

    PubMed

    Shedlock, J; Ross, F

    1997-04-01

    A renovation and expansion project at the Galter Health Sciences Library of Northwestern University strikes a balance between traditional and future libraries, library ambiance and high technology, old and new. When guided by a vision of future building use, renovation projects can succeed in meeting many institutional goals as a viable alternative to new library buildings. Issues addressed include planning considerations, architectural history, library design, building features, information technology considerations, and ideal library space design when new construction is not possible.

  7. Successfully Demonstrating an Integrated Roofing and BIPV Solution for an Historic Building Renovation at the United States Air Force Academy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    Successfully Demonstrating an Integrated Roofing and BIPV Solution for an Historic Building Renovation at the United States Air Force Academy...COVERED 00-00-2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Successfully Demonstrating an Integrated Roofing and BIPV Solution for an Historic...ANSI Std Z39-18 Successfully Demonstrating an Integrated Roofing and BIPV Solution for an Historic Building Renovation at the United States Air Force

  8. Childcare outdoor renovation as a built environment health promotion strategy: evaluating the preventing obesity by design intervention.

    PubMed

    Cosco, Nilda G; Moore, Robin C; Smith, William R

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of Preventing Obesity by Design (POD), a childcare center outdoor renovation intervention. Pre-post intervention evaluation. North Carolina licensed childcare centers (N = 27). Preschool children. Outdoor renovation, teacher training. Behavior mapping, Preschool Outdoor Environment Measurement Scale (POEMS), center director interview. Descriptive statistics, ordinary least squares and logistic regressions calculated to assess levels of association between environmental change, children's physical activity (PA), social behaviors, and environmental quality. Qualitative interview data analyzed to help understand intervention impact. Behavior mapping showed that site layout attributes, such as the form (i.e., "single loop" and "double loop") of pathways (functioning as circulation routes and wheeled toy settings), are associated with higher levels of PA. Teacher interaction was associated with decreased children's PA. Absence of teacher or lack of child/child interaction was associated with increased PA. POEMS assessment of environmental quality was higher after renovation. POEMS domains (Physical Space and Teacher/Caregiver Roles) were positively associated with PA. After renovation, 68% of center directors reported positive changes in children's behavior and 40% mentioned edible plant installations as greatest success. Built environment renovation of childcare center outdoors, including looped pathways installation, coupled with teacher training, may support increased PA. Renovation, including food gardens, may be a key to success for preschool health promotion and support change in childcare policy.

  9. Evaluation of Real-World Implementation of Partitioning and Negative Pressurization for Preventing the Dispersion of Dust From Renovation Sites.

    PubMed

    Kokkonen, Anna; Linnainmaa, Markku; Säämänen, Arto; Lappalainen, Vuokko; Kolehmainen, Mikko; Pasanen, Pertti

    2017-07-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the implementation of partitioning and the negative pressure method in limiting the dispersion of dust to areas adjacent to renovation sites. The pressure difference between the worksites and adjacent areas and PM10 concentrations in the both zones were measured in 12 renovation sites, and the factors affecting the prevention of dispersion of dust were assessed. Poor implementation of partitioning and negative pressurization found in half of the renovation sites lead difficulties in achieving a proper negative pressure, causing dispersion of dust into adjacent areas. Main problems related to flimsy partitioning walls and poor air tightness of the enclosure. Dust concentrations in adjacent areas were substantially lower when natural ventilation in the renovation site was rejected and partitioning walls and their junctions to existing structures were sealed. In case of leaky enclosures, despite the high air exchange rates, a definite negative pressure could not be maintained. Instead, negative pressure minimum of -5 Pa was found to be sufficient for limiting the dispersion of dust from renovation sites. Improvement on implementation of dust controls is required through revising the guidance documents, education, and efficient supervision. This study revealed that the current Finnish practice to implement the negative pressurization based on the air exchange rate achieved with the portable exhaust fans alone is not reasonable to assure adequate dust containment. Continuous negative pressure minimum of -5 Pa is suggested, and it should be monitored with alarm devices throughout the renovation processes.

  10. Health impact assessment: a case study on renovation of a slaughterhouse.

    PubMed

    Hengpraprom, Sarunya; Sithisarankul, Pornchai

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to conduct a health impact assessment (HIA) in a community where an old slaughterhouse was to be renovated. The authors conducted a cross-sectional study in March, 2011. Questionnaires were used to collect data and focus group discussions were conducted to solicit the community concerns and recommendations regarding the project. The results reveal positive impacts in 4 aspects of health: physical, mental, social, and spiritual. The current substandard slaughterhouse was perceived negatively by the surrounding community. They were happy the slaughterhouse would be renovated, and some preferred it moved elsewhere. This HIA had 2 positive results: first, we tested our HIA tool in a real situation and found it practical on a small scale; second, the municipality obtained the community's opinions and concerns and the community knew their opinions reached the municipality, so they were more positive about the municipality.

  11. Genotoxicity test of self-renovated ceramics in primary human peripheral lymphocytes.

    PubMed

    Hua, Nan; Zhu, Huifang; Zhuang, Jing; Chen, Liping

    2014-12-01

    Zirconia-based ceramics is widely used in dentistry. Different compositions of ceramics have different features. Our self-renovated ceramics become more machinable without scarifying its dental restoration properties after adjusting ratio of lanthanum phosphate (LaPO4)/yttrium oxide (Y2O3). In order to evaluate its safety, here, we tested its genotoxicity in primary human peripheral lymphocytes. The human lymphocytes cultured on three groups of different ratios of LaPO4/Y2O3 diphase ceramics for 6 days showed little effect of growth inhibition and similar effect of growth trend to the negative control. Furthermore, single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) indicated that there was no significant difference of the value of tail moment between the tested ceramics and negative control, the IPS Empress II (P > 0.05). Our findings implicate that our self-renovated ceramics do not induce DNA damages in human peripheral lymphocytes and support their future clinic application.

  12. Defense Infrastructure: In-Kind Construction and Renovation Projects Initiated by DOD during Fiscal Year 2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-01

    burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA...the receipt of fair- market value. The Act also provided for a listing of facilities constructed or renovated with the use of in-kind payments, and...of in-kind projects reflect the fair- market value of the real-property interest in real-estate transactions. Each of the Services reported similar

  13. Prototype wash water renovation system integration with goverment-furnished wash fixture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    A total renovation concept for removing objectionable materials from spacecraft wash water to make the water reusable was developed. This concept included ferric chloride pretreatment to coagulate suspended solids such as soap and lint, pressure filtration, and carbon adsorption and ion exchange to remove trace dissolved organics and inorganic salts. A breadboard model which was developed to demonstrate the design adequacy of the various system components and the limits on system capacities and efficiencies.

  14. [Analysis of the design and renovation of mid-sized hospital's local area network].

    PubMed

    Cao, Yang; Li, Min; Guo, Yifeng

    2011-11-01

    To address several hospital network issues, this paper discusses the overall plan, design and renovation of hospital's Local Area Network, making full use of existing network facilities. The techniques, such as Physical Separation of Internal and External Network, HSRP, OSPF, All-Routers Networking Model, etc., create features of extensibility, manageability, high safety, stability and so on to the overall network, and provide a reliable network platform to the function of the information systems.

  15. Fungal infections after haematology unit renovation: evidence of clinical, environmental and economical impact.

    PubMed

    Araujo, Ricardo; Carneiro, Ana; Costa-Oliveira, Sofia; Pina-Vaz, Cidalia; Rodrigues, Acacio Gonçalves; Guimaraes, Jose Eduardo

    2008-05-01

    The Haemato-Oncology Unit, Hospital S. Joao, suffered extensive refurbishing intervention in order to adapt for autotransplant patients. Eight new individual rooms with central HEPA filtration system were built. All patients admitted in the department during 14 months prior to and 14 months after renovation works were enrolled. A total of 403 admissions were considered and a detailed analysis of all patients with fungal infections, air quality and antifungal consumption were evaluated in order to study clinical, environmental and economical impact after unit renovation. Patients with acute myeloid leukaemia submitted to induction treatment were the most susceptible to acquisition of fungal infections. Fungal infections were reduced after installation of HEPA filters in individual rooms, particularly proven and probable fungal infections. No patients were diagnosed with proven or probable mould infection in the period after the unit renovation and no deaths were registered among patients with the diagnosis of possible fungal infection. Considering the group of patients diagnosed with fungal infection, the average of hospitalization was reduced 3 d in the latter period. The new high-protected rooms showed a reduction of 50% and 95% of airborne fungi, respectively in the first week and after the second week. The consumption of voriconazole and caspofungin was reduced, respectively, 66% and 59% and the final cost with antifungal therapy was reduced by 17.4%. Autotransplant patients may be under higher risk of infection, however, the installation of high-protective measures may efficiently prevent fungal infections in these patients. Renovation of haematology unit resulted in major clinical, environmental and economical improvements. The definition of reference values for airborne agents in hospital facilities remains urgent.

  16. Self-reported health outcomes associated with green-renovated public housing among primarily elderly residents.

    PubMed

    Breysse, Jill; Dixon, Sherry L; Jacobs, David E; Lopez, Jorge; Weber, William

    2015-01-01

    Assess the benefits of green renovation on self-reported health of primarily elderly residents of a low-income public housing apartment building. Using questions from the Medicare Health Outcomes Survey, we interviewed residents at baseline and 1 year after green renovation of their 101-unit building in Mankato, Minnesota, comparing self-reported mental and physical health outcomes of 2 sets of residents (all-ages: median, 66 years, n = 40; elder: median, 72 years, n = 22) with outcomes for 2 same-aged low-income Minnesota comparison groups taken from Medicare Health Outcomes Survey participants (n = 40 and 572, respectively). Mankato apartment building residents. Green renovation including building envelope restoration; new heating, electrical, and ventilation systems; air sealing; new insulation and exterior cladding; window replacement; Energy-Star fixtures and appliances; asbestos and mold abatement; apartment gut retrofits; low volatile organic chemical and moisture-resistant materials; exercise enhancements; and indoor no-smoking policy. Self-reported health status including Activities of Daily Living and Veteran's Rand 12 (VR-12) survey results; housing condition visual assessment; indoor environmental sampling; and building performance testing. The all-ages study group's mental health improved significantly more than the comparison group's mental health on the basis of mean number of good mental health days in the past month (P = .026) and mean VR-12 mental component score (P = .023). Sixteen percent fewer all-ages study group people versus 8% more comparison group people reported falls (P = .055). The elder study group's 9% improvement in general physical health was not statistically significantly better than the elder comparison group's decline (6%) (P = 0.094). Significantly fewer people in the all-ages group reported smoke in their apartments because of tobacco products (20% vs 0%, P = .005), likely reflecting the new no-smoking policy. Green healthy

  17. New potentional of high-speed water jet technology for renovating concrete structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bodnárová, L.; Sitek, L.; Hela, R.; Foldyna, J.

    2011-06-01

    The paper discusses the background and results of research focused on the action of a high-speed water jet on concrete with different qualities. The sufficient and careful removal of degraded concrete layers is very important for the renovation of concrete structures. High-speed water jet technology is one of the most common methods used for removing degraded concrete layers. Different types of high-speed water jets were tested in the experimental part. The classical technology of a single continuous water jet generated with one nozzle was tested as well as the technology of revolving water jets generated by multiple nozzles (used mainly for the renovation of larger areas). A continuous flat water jet and pulsating flat water jet were tested the first time, because the connection of a water jet with the acoustic generator of a pulsating jet offers new possibilities for the use of a water jet (see [1] and [2]). A water jet with such a modification is capable of efficient action and can even be used for cutting solid concrete with a relatively low consumption of energy. A flat pulsating water jet which can be newly used for renovation seems to be a promising technology.

  18. Determination of VOCs in the Indoor Air of a New and a Renovated Apartment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meciarova, Ludmila; Vilcekova, Silvia

    2016-06-01

    This study deals with the occurrence of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the indoor environment of a new and a renovated apartment. Qualitative determination of VOCs was carried out with a gas chromatograph with surface acoustic wave detector (GC/SAW). Concentrations of total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) were determined by a photoionization detector with UV lamp. Simultaneously, temperature and relative humidity were monitored with a data logger. The aim of this study was to determine of TVOC concentrations, to use of GC/SAW for determination of individual VOCs in indoor air as well as to predict possible sources of VOCs in these apartments. Measurements were performed after each construction work for better resolution of the contributions of individual materials to the levels of VOC. Mean concentrations of TVOC were 624 μg/m3 in the renovated apartment and 1,686 μg/m3 in the new apartment after completion of all works. The results from the renovated apartment showed that the use of new materials can lead to lower levels of organic compounds in indoor air compared to old materials that were less environmentally friendly. Many types of VOCs were found in both apartments. After reviewing the possible sources, it seems that the main sources of these substances were applied coatings and flooring materials.

  19. [Renovation stem revision femoral head arthroplasty for unstable intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Peng; Chen, Jing-yong; Li, Zhong; Bi, Meng-na; Zhang, Shang-shang; Zhu, Jiang-wei; Lu, Li-sha

    2013-12-01

    To observe clinical efficacy of renovation stem revision femoral head arthroplasty for the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly. Totally 32 elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fracture were treated with renovation stem revision femoral head arthroplasty from September 2007 to January 2011. There were 11 males and 21 females with an average age of 83.8 (ranged, 80 to 98) years old,the time from injury to hospital ranged from 4 h to 14 days. According to Evans-Jensen classification, 6 cases were type II a, 20 cases were type II b, and 6 cases were type III. Postoperative mortality, complication rates and Harris hip function score were compared and analyzed to evaluate curative effect. All patients were followed up and no dislocation occurred. Six patients were died during 15 months and 4.5 years; 24 cases recoved to independent wakling at 6 months after operation, and 8 cases walked with stick and walker. The average Harris hip joint function score were (91.56 +/- 2.96), 28 cases got excellent results and 4 cases good. Nine cases occurred complications and healed after treatment. Renovation stem revision femoral head arthroplasty is a active and reliable method in treating unstable intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly.

  20. Influence of Schoolyard Renovations on Children's Physical Activity: The Learning Landscapes Program

    PubMed Central

    Nigg, Claudio R.; M. R. Lampe, Sarah; Kingston, Beverly A.; Mootz, Andrew L.; van Vliet, Willem

    2010-01-01

    Objectives. We examined whether schoolyard improvements led to increased physical activity levels among both boys and girls and assessed the aspects of schoolyard design that have an impact on physical activity. Methods. In a quasi-experimental research design, 6 schools with renovated schoolyards and 3 control schools were divided into activity areas. We calculated measures of children's physical activity by area during school hours as well as after-school hours. Results. The volume of schoolyard use was significantly higher at schools with renovated schoolyards than at control schools, and students were significantly more active at these schools. Also, activity levels were significantly higher among both boys and girls in certain schoolyard areas, such as those with soft surfaces. Conclusions. Because few public elementary schools in the United States provide daily physical education or its equivalent for all students throughout the school year, noncurriculum approaches to increasing children's physical activity are important. Renovated schoolyards increase the number of children who are physically active, as well as their overall activity levels, and reduce sedentary behaviors. PMID:20634465

  1. Application of trenchless methods for pipelines renovation on mining areas / Zastosowanie metod bezwykopowych do renowacji rurociągów na terenach górniczych

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalisz, Piotr; Pacześniowski, Krzysztof

    2012-10-01

    Several trenchless methods are currently applied to repair damaged pipelines of territorial development networks. There exist many technologies of pipelines renovation no always useful to repair pipelines on mining and post-mining areas. In the paper influence of mining exploitation onto pipelines was presented with special regard of pipelines after accomplished renovation with use of trenchless methods. An evaluation of these methods application possibilities to the renovation of pipelines on mining areas was also carried out.

  2. Composition of heavy metals and airborne fibers in the indoor environment of a building during renovation.

    PubMed

    Latif, Mohd Talib; Baharudin, Nor Hafizah; Velayutham, Puvaneswary; Awang, Normah; Hamdan, Harimah; Mohamad, Ruqyyah; Mokhtar, Mazlin B

    2011-10-01

    The renovation of a building will certainly affect the quality of air in the vicinity of where associated activities were undertaken, this includes the quality of air inside the building. Indoor air pollutants such as particulate matter, heavy metals, and fine fibers are likely to be emitted during renovation work. This study was conducted to determine the concentration of heavy metals, asbestos and suspended particulates in the Biology Building, at the Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia (UKM). Renovation activities were carried out widely in the laboratories which were located in this building. A low-volume sampler was used to collect suspended particulate matter of a diameter size less than 10 μm (PM₁₀) and an air sampling pump, fitted with a cellulose ester membrane filter, were used for asbestos sampling. Dust was collected using a small brush and scope. The concentration of heavy metals was determined through the use of inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy and the fibers were counted through a phase contrast microscope. The concentrations of PM₁₀ recorded in the building during renovation action (ranging from 166 to 542 μg m⁻³) were higher than the value set by the Department of Safety and Health for respirable dust (150 μg m⁻³). Additionally, they were higher than the value of PM₁₀ recorded in indoor environments from other studies. The composition of heavy metals in PM₁₀ and indoor dust were found to be dominated by Zn and results also showed that the concentration of heavy metals in indoor dust and PM₁₀ in this study was higher than levels recorded in other similar studies. The asbestos concentration was 0.0038 ± 0.0011 fibers/cc. This was lower than the value set by the Malaysian Department of Occupational, Safety and Health (DOSH) regulations of 0.1 fibers/cc, but higher than the background value usually recorded in indoor environments. This study strongly suggests that renovation issues need to be considered seriously

  3. Association of outdoor air pollution and indoor renovation with early childhood ear infection in China.

    PubMed

    Deng, Qihong; Lu, Chan; Jiang, Wei; Zhao, Jinping; Deng, Linjing; Xiang, Yuguang

    2017-02-01

    Otitis media (OM) is a common infection in early childhood with repeated attacks that lead to long-term complications and sequelae, but its risk factors still remain unclear. To examine the risk of childhood OM for different indoor and outdoor air pollutants during different timing windows, with a purpose to identify critical windows of exposure and key components of air pollution in the development of OM. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1617 children aged 3-4 years in Changsha, China (2011-2012). Children's life-time prevalence of OM and exposure to indoor air pollution related to home renovation activities were surveyed by a questionnaire administered by the parents. Children's exposure to outdoor air pollution, including nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm (PM10), was estimated using the measured concentrations at municipal monitoring stations. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of childhood OM for prenatal and postnatal exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollution were examined by using logistic regression model. Life-time prevalence of OM in preschool children (7.3%) was associated not only with prenatal exposure to industrial air pollutant with adjusted OR (95% CI) = 1.44 (1.09-1.88) for a 27 μg/m(3) increase in SO2 but also with postnatal exposure to indoor renovations with OR (95% CI) = 1.62 (1.05-2.49) for new furniture and 1.81 (1.12-2.91) for redecoration, particularly in girls. Combined exposure to outdoor SO2 and indoor renovation significantly increased OM risk. Furthermore, we found that exposure to outdoor SO2 and indoor renovation were significantly associated with the onset but not repeated attacks of OM. Prenatal exposure to outdoor industrial air pollution and postnatal exposure to indoor renovation are independently associated with early childhood OM in China and may cause the OM onset. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights

  4. Sound levels, staff perceptions, and patient outcomes during renovation near the neonatal intensive care unit.

    PubMed

    Trickey, Amber W; Arnold, Cody C; Parmar, Ankit; Lasky, Robert E

    2012-01-01

    Sound levels, staff perceptions, and patient outcomes were evaluated during a year-long hospital renovation project on the floor above a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Construction noise may be detrimental to NICU patients and healthcare professionals. There are no comprehensive studies evaluating the impact of hospital construction on sound levels, staff, and patients. Prospective observational study comparing sound measures and patient outcomes before, during, and after construction. Staff were surveyed about the construction noise, and hospital employee satisfaction scores are reported. Equivalent sound levels were not significantly higher during construction. Most staff members (89%) perceived the renovation period as louder, and 83% reported interruptions of their work. Patient outcomes were the same or more positive during construction. Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants were less likely to require 24+ hours' mechanical ventilation during construction: 54% vs. 59% before (OR = 1.6, p = 0.018) and 62% after (OR = 1.48, p = 0.065); and they required a shorter total period of mechanical ventilation: 3.6 days vs. 8.0 before (p = 0.011) and 9.5 after (p = 0.001). VLBW newborns' differences in ventilation days were mostly in the upper extremes; medians were similar in all periods: 0.6 days vs. 1 day preconstruction and 2 days postconstruction. Construction above the NICU did not cause substantially louder sound levels, but staff perceived important changes in noise and work routines. No evidence suggested that patients were negatively affected by the renovation period. Meticulous construction planning remains necessary to avoid interference with patient care and caregiver work environments.

  5. Evaluation of Water Quality Renovation by Advanced Soil-Based Wastewater Treatment Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooper, J.; Loomis, G.; Kalen, D.; Boving, T.; Morales, I.; DeLuca, J.; Amador, J.

    2013-12-01

    25% of US households utilize onsite wastewater treatment systems (OWTS) for wastewater management. Advanced technologies were designed to overcome the inadequate wastewater treatment by conventional OWTS in critical shallow water table areas, such as coastal zones, in order to protect ground water quality. In addition to the septic tank and soil drainfield that comprise a conventional OWTS, advanced systems claim improved water renovation with the addition of sand filtration, timed dosing controls, and shallow placement of the infiltrative zone. We determined water quality renovation functions under current water table and temperature conditions, in anticipation of an experiment to measure OWTS response to a climate change scenario of 30-cm increase in water table elevation and 4C temperature increase. Replicate (n=3) intact soil mesocosms were used to evaluate the effectiveness of drainfields with a conventional wastewater delivery (pipe-and-stone) compared to two types of pressurized, shallow narrow drainfield. Results under steady state conditions indicate complete removal of fecal coliform bacteria, phosphorus and BOD by all soil-based systems. By contrast, removal of total nitrogen inputs was 16% in conventional and 11% for both advanced drainfields. Effluent waters maintained a steady state pH between 3.2 - 3.7 for all technologies. Average DO readings were 2.9mg/L for conventional drainfield effluent and 4.6mg/L for advanced, showing the expected oxygen uptake with shallow placement of the infiltrative zone. The conventional OWTS is outperforming the advanced with respect to nitrogen removal, but renovating wastewater equivalently for all other contaminants of concern. The results of this study are expected to facilitate development of future OWTS regulation and planning guidelines, particularly in coastal zones and in the face of a changing climate.

  6. Renovation And Adaptation Of The Historic Olsztyn Purification House Bet Tahara Into A Public Utility Building

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deja, Barbara Maria

    2015-09-01

    The historic Jewish Purification House Bet Tahara was erected in Olsztyn in 1913 on the basis of the debut design of Erich Mendelsohn, a world-famous architect born in Olsztyn. The most valuable element of the building is a self-supporting pyramid vault above a mourning hall. The paper presents the interesting structure of the building, its technical condition before renovation, as well as the scope of work involved in adapting it into a public utility building - MENDELSOHN HOUSE Intercultural Dialogue Centre. The undertaking was executed thanks to the commitment of the building's leaseholder - "Borussia" Cultural Community Association, which raised money for this goal from public funds.

  7. Prevention by Design: Construction and Renovation of Health Care Facilities for Patient Safety and Infection Prevention.

    PubMed

    Olmsted, Russell N

    2016-09-01

    The built environment supports the safe care of patients in health care facilities. Infection preventionists and health care epidemiologists have expertise in prevention and control of health care-associated infections (HAIs) and assist with designing and constructing facilities to prevent HAIs. However, design elements are often missing from initial concepts. In addition, there is a large body of evidence that implicates construction and renovation as being associated with clusters of HAIs, many of which are life threatening for select patient populations. This article summarizes known risks and prevention strategies within a framework for patient safety.

  8. Renovation status of neutron radiography facility at TRR-1/M1 reactor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Picha, R.; Channuie, J.; Liamsuwan, T.; Promping, J.; Ratanatongchai, W.; Wonglee, S.

    2017-06-01

    Thai Research Reactor-1/Modification 1 (TRR-1/M1) at Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT) has a beamline facility dedicated for neutron radiography (NR) research. The renovation has been ongoing to enhance the radiation safety and to facilitate research operations of the only reactor NR station in the country. The design of beam shutter and shielding walls has been conducted using Monte Carlo simulations along with attenuation measurements in the lab to ensure the shielding capability of the components and efficient operation. The progress and future plans TINT NR will be presented.

  9. A case report of lead paint poisoning during renovation of a Victorian farmhouse.

    PubMed Central

    Marino, P E; Landrigan, P J; Graef, J; Nussbaum, A; Bayan, G; Boch, K; Boch, S

    1990-01-01

    We describe a series of four cases of childhood lead poisoning and two cases of adult lead toxicity in a professional family exposed to lead dust and fume during renovation of a rural farmhouse. Initial blood lead levels in the children ranged from 2.70 to 4.20 microM/L (56 to 87 microns/dl) and all four required chelation therapy. Lead-based paint poisoning, a well recognized entity among young children in poor, urban neighborhoods, is not confined exclusively to such areas. PMID:2119148

  10. A BIM-based system for demolition and renovation waste estimation and planning

    SciTech Connect

    Cheng, Jack C.P.; Ma, Lauren Y.H.

    2013-06-15

    Highlights: ► We developed a waste estimation system leveraging the BIM technology. ► The system can calculate waste disposal charging fee and pick-up truck demand. ► We presented an example scenario demonstrating this system. ► Automatic, time-saving and wide applicability are the features of the system. - Abstract: Due to the rising worldwide awareness of green environment, both government and contractors have to consider effective construction and demolition (C and D) waste management practices. The last two decades have witnessed the growing importance of demolition and renovation (D and R) works and the growing amount of D and R waste disposed to landfills every day, especially in developed cities like Hong Kong. Quantitative waste prediction is crucial for waste management. It can enable contractors to pinpoint critical waste generation processes and to plan waste control strategies. In addition, waste estimation could also facilitate some government waste management policies, such as the waste disposal charging scheme in Hong Kong. Currently, tools that can accurately and conveniently estimate the amount of waste from construction, renovation, and demolition projects are lacking. In the light of this research gap, this paper presents a building information modeling (BIM) based system that we have developed for estimation and planning of D and R waste. BIM allows multi-disciplinary information to be superimposed within one digital building model. Our system can extract material and volume information through the BIM model and integrate the information for detailed waste estimation and planning. Waste recycling and reuse are also considered in our system. Extracted material information can be provided to recyclers before demolition or renovation to make recycling stage more cooperative and more efficient. Pick-up truck requirements and waste disposal charging fee for different waste facilities will also be predicted through our system. The results

  11. A case report of lead paint poisoning during renovation of a Victorian farmhouse

    SciTech Connect

    Marino, P.E.; Landrigan, P.J.; Graef, J.; Nussbaum, A.; Bayan, G.; Boch, K.; Boch, S. )

    1990-10-01

    We describe a series of four cases of childhood lead poisoning and two cases of adult lead toxicity in a professional family exposed to lead dust and fume during renovation of a rural farmhouse. Initial blood lead levels in the children ranged from 2.70 to 4.20 microM/L (56 to 87 microns/dl) and all four required chelation therapy. Lead-based paint poisoning, a well recognized entity among young children in poor, urban neighborhoods, is not confined exclusively to such areas.

  12. A BIM-based system for demolition and renovation waste estimation and planning.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Jack C P; Ma, Lauren Y H

    2013-06-01

    Due to the rising worldwide awareness of green environment, both government and contractors have to consider effective construction and demolition (C&D) waste management practices. The last two decades have witnessed the growing importance of demolition and renovation (D&R) works and the growing amount of D&R waste disposed to landfills every day, especially in developed cities like Hong Kong. Quantitative waste prediction is crucial for waste management. It can enable contractors to pinpoint critical waste generation processes and to plan waste control strategies. In addition, waste estimation could also facilitate some government waste management policies, such as the waste disposal charging scheme in Hong Kong. Currently, tools that can accurately and conveniently estimate the amount of waste from construction, renovation, and demolition projects are lacking. In the light of this research gap, this paper presents a building information modeling (BIM) based system that we have developed for estimation and planning of D&R waste. BIM allows multi-disciplinary information to be superimposed within one digital building model. Our system can extract material and volume information through the BIM model and integrate the information for detailed waste estimation and planning. Waste recycling and reuse are also considered in our system. Extracted material information can be provided to recyclers before demolition or renovation to make recycling stage more cooperative and more efficient. Pick-up truck requirements and waste disposal charging fee for different waste facilities will also be predicted through our system. The results could provide alerts to contractors ahead of time at project planning stage. This paper also presents an example scenario with a 47-floor residential building in Hong Kong to demonstrate our D&R waste estimation and planning system. As the BIM technology has been increasingly adopted in the architectural, engineering and construction industry

  13. Application Of Steel Bar Bracings In Renovation And Modernization Of Historic Buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuchta, Krzysztof

    2015-12-01

    The use of steel bracings is possible in all four stages of engineering activities in the renovation and modernization of historic buildings, i. e.: protecting, repairing, strengthening and rebuilding. Steel bracings are auxiliary structural systems, which, due to their relatively small cross-section dimensions and low weight, provide an efficient way to achieve the required resistance and stability of the original historic building structural systems. The steel structure in most cases is the tissue that differs in style and material of genuine tissue which is present in a renewed historic building, but is also often a rational solution acceptable to the conservation and structural point of view.

  14. The role of interfacial layers in the enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids : a renovated Hamilton-Crosser model.

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, W.; Choi, S. U.-S.; Energy Technology

    2004-08-01

    We previously developed a renovated Maxwell model for the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids and determined that the solid/liquid interfacial layers play an important role in the enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids. However, this renovated Maxwell model is limited to suspensions with spherical particles. Here, we extend the Hamilton--Crosser model for suspensions of nonspherical particles to include the effect of a solid/liquid interface. The solid/liquid interface is described as a confocal ellipsoid with a solid particle. The new model for the three-phase suspensions is mathematically expressed in terms of the equivalent thermal conductivity and equivalent volume fraction of anisotropic complex ellipsoids, as well as an empirical shape factor. With a generalized empirical shape factor, the renovated Hamilton-Crosser model correctly predicts the magnitude of the thermal conductivity of nanotube-in-oil nanofluids. At present, this new model is not able to predict the nonlinear behavior of the nanofluid thermal conductivity.

  15. 25 CFR 256.23 - How will I be advised that the repair, renovation or replacement of my dwelling has been completed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How will I be advised that the repair, renovation or replacement of my dwelling has been completed? 256.23 Section 256.23 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS..., renovation or replacement of my dwelling has been completed? The servicing housing office will advise you, in...

  16. Patient satisfaction is biased by renovations to the interior of a primary care office: a pretest-posttest assessment.

    PubMed

    Tièche, Raphaël; da Costa, Bruno R; Streit, Sven

    2016-08-11

    Measuring quality of care is essential to improve primary care. Quality of primary care for patients is usually assessed by patient satisfaction questionnaires. However, patients may not be able to judge quality of care without also reflecting their perception of the environment. We determined the effect that redesigning a primary care office had on patient satisfaction. We hypothesized that renovating the interior would make patients more satisfied with the quality of medical care. We performed a Pretest-Posttest analysis in a recently renovated single-practice primary care office in Grenchen, Switzerland. Before and after renovation, we distributed a questionnaire to assess patient satisfaction in four domains. We chose a Likert scale (1 = very poor to 6 = very good), and 12 quality indicators, and included two consecutive samples of patients presenting at the primary care office before (n = 153) and after (n = 153) interior design renovation. Response rate was high (overall 85 %). The sample was similar to the enlisted patient collective, but the sample population was older (60 years) than the collective (52 years). Patient satisfaction was higher for all domains after the office was renovated (p < 0.01-0.001). Results did not change when we included potential confounders in the multivariable model (p < 0.01). Renovating the interior of a primary care office was associated with improved patient satisfaction, including satisfaction in domains otherwise unchanged. Physician skills and patient satisfaction sometimes depend on surrounding factors that may bias the ability of patients to assess the quality of medical care. These biases should be taken into account when quality assessment instruments are designed for patients.

  17. Indoor air quality in green-renovated vs. non-green low-income homes of children living in a temperate region of US (Ohio).

    PubMed

    Coombs, Kanistha C; Chew, Ginger L; Schaffer, Christopher; Ryan, Patrick H; Brokamp, Cole; Grinshpun, Sergey A; Adamkiewicz, Gary; Chillrud, Steve; Hedman, Curtis; Colton, Meryl; Ross, Jamie; Reponen, Tiina

    2016-06-01

    Green eco-friendly housing includes approaches to reduce indoor air pollutant sources and to increase energy efficiency. Although sealing/tightening buildings can save energy and reduce the penetration of outdoor pollutants, an adverse outcome can be increased buildup of pollutants with indoor sources. The objective of this study was to determine the differences in the indoor air quality (IAQ) between green and non-green homes in low-income housing complexes. In one housing complex, apartments were renovated using green principles (n=28). Home visits were conducted immediately after the renovation, and subsequently at 6 months and at 12 months following the renovation. Of these homes, eight homes had pre-renovation home visits; this allowed pre- and post-renovation comparisons within the same homes. Parallel visits were conducted in non-green (control) apartments (n=14) in a nearby low-income housing complex. The IAQ assessments included PM2.5, black carbon, ultrafine particles, sulfur, total volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde, and air exchange rate. Data were analyzed using linear mixed-effects models. None of the indoor pollutant concentrations were significantly different between green and non-green homes. However, we found differences when comparing the concentrations before and after renovation. Measured immediately after renovation, indoor black carbon concentrations were significantly lower averaging 682 ng/m(3) in post-renovation vs. 2364 ng/m(3) in pre-renovation home visits (p=0.01). In contrast, formaldehyde concentrations were significantly higher in post-renovated (0.03 ppm) than in pre-renovated homes (0.01 ppm) (p=0.004). Questionnaire data showed that opening of windows occurred less frequently in homes immediately post-renovation compared to pre-renovation; this factor likely affected the levels of indoor black carbon (from outdoor sources) and formaldehyde (from indoor sources) more than the renovation status itself. To reduce IAQ

  18. A library for the twenty-first century: the Galter Health Sciences Library's renovation and expansion project.

    PubMed Central

    Shedlock, J; Ross, F

    1997-01-01

    A renovation and expansion project at the Galter Health Sciences Library of Northwestern University strikes a balance between traditional and future libraries, library ambiance and high technology, old and new. When guided by a vision of future building use, renovation projects can succeed in meeting many institutional goals as a viable alternative to new library buildings. Issues addressed include planning considerations, architectural history, library design, building features, information technology considerations, and ideal library space design when new construction is not possible. Images PMID:9160155

  19. RENOVATE AND MODERNIZE OR ABANDON AND BUILD. A SUMMARY OF AN ILLUSTRATED TALK GIVEN BY WILLIAM L. ENSIGN OF MCLEOD, FERRARA AND ENSIGN, ARCHITECTS, AT THE AASA CONVENTION IN ATLANTIC CITY, 1968.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Great Cities Research Council, Chicago, IL.

    THIS NEWSLETTER COMPARES THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SCHOOL RENOVATION AND NEW SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION WITH RESPECT TO EVOLVING EDUCATIONAL NEEDS AND METHODS. THE NEED TO UTILIZE EXISTING STRUCTURES THROUGH RENOVATION AND MODERNIZATION IS EMPHASIZED AND A FORMULA IS PROVIDED FOR COMPARING RENOVATION AND NEW SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION COSTS. PROBLEMS…

  20. Health and housing outcomes from green renovation of low-income housing in Washington, DC.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, David E; Breysse, Jill; Dixon, Sherry L; Aceti, Susan; Kawecki, Carol; James, Mark; Wilson, Jay

    2014-03-01

    Green building systems have proliferated recently, but studies are limited of associated health and housing outcomes. The authors measured self-reported resident physical and mental health, allergens, and building conditions at baseline and one-year follow-up in a low-income housing development being renovated in accordance with green healthy housing improvements (Enterprise Green Communities standards and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design [LEED] gold certification). Self-reported general health in adults significantly improved from 59% to 67% (p = .026), with large statistically significant improvements in water/ dampness problems, cockroaches and rodents, and reduced pesticide use. Median cockroach (Bla g1) and mouse (Mus m1) allergen dust loadings showed large and statistically significant reductions from baseline to three months postintervention and were sustained at one year (both p < .05). Energy and water cost savings were 16% and 54%, respectively. Incorporating Enterprise Green Communities and LEED standards in low-income housing renovation improves health and housing conditions and can help to reduce disparities. All green housing standards should include health-related requirements.

  1. Lead-based paint awareness, work practices, and compliance during residential construction and renovation.

    PubMed

    Blando, James D; Antoine, Nickita; Lefkowitz, Daniel

    2013-05-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently implemented the Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) rule that applies to pre-1978 residences because of the potential presence of lead-based paint. Enforcement of this rule may be difficult and therefore it is crucial to understand the awareness and beliefs of contractors and the general public because these will likely be major determinants of exposures resulting from residential renovation work. The study described in this article utilized two mailed surveys: one directed to the general public and the other directed to contractors. The surveys were conducted in New Jersey and Virginia. Field observations were also recorded for work sites in New Jersey. Results indicated a high awareness among the general public about the hazards of lead, a low level of screening by children's doctors for lead exposure, frequent use of work practices that generate lots of dust, poor hygiene among contractors, and the potential for low compliance of contractors with the RRP rule. In particular, contractors who do not believe lead is a serious health hazard are expected to have the lowest compliance with the RRP rule. These findings serve as targets for effective public health interventions through education and outreach.

  2. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in neutropenic patients and the influence of hospital renovation.

    PubMed

    Pini, Gabriella; Faggi, Elisabetta; Donato, Rosa; Sacco, Cristiana; Fanci, Rosa

    2008-03-01

    To evaluate the effects of airborne Aspergillus contamination during and after the renovation work of a Florentine haematology unit, we conducted (November 2003-January 2005) a strict programme of environmental fungal surveillance. Air samples were taken from patients' rooms, along the corridors inside the wards, along the corridor between wards and outside the building. The concentration of Aspergillus fumigatus was high along the corridor between the two haematology wards (2.98 CFU m(-3)), lower in the non-neutropenic patients' rooms and outside the hospital building (1.53 and 1.42 CFU m(-3), respectively), very low in the neutropenic patients' rooms (0.09 CFU m(-3)). During this period, three proven cases (A. fumigatus), two probable ones and two possible cases of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis were documented in 97 patients with acute leukaemia (7%). The three cases of proven aspergillosis coincided with the period of renovation work and with the period in which we have found the maximum concentration of A. fumigatus along the corridor. These data suggest a possible relationship between environmental fungal contamination and the incidence of invasive aspergillosis, and underline the importance of environmental surveillance.

  3. Impact of a lead-safe training program on workers conducting renovation, painting, and maintenance activities.

    PubMed Central

    Buzzetti, Alan J.; Greene, Frank; Needham, Dottie

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: An important source of lead exposure is lead-based paint that is disturbed when unsafe work practices are used during renovation, remodeling, and maintenance activities. This study explores the success of a pilot lead-safe skills training program for home improvement contractors and their employees (including renovators, remodelers, and painters) and small property owners. METHODS: The study evaluates whether attendees at eight-hour lead-safe work practices training courses learned and retained information about lead exposure; developed and retained positive attitudes toward lead-safe work practices; and developed lasting, positive behavioral intentions to use lead-safe work practice skills and techniques. A questionnaire was administered immediately before, immediately following, and several months following the training program. Coded data from the questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS software. RESULTS: Respondents showed statistically significant changes from before to after the training program, and the changes were maintained over time. Knowledge improved, and attitudes and behavioral intentions changed in a favorable direction. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that lead-safe training can be successful and can create lasting changes in lead-safe knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. PMID:15736328

  4. Polymicrobial outbreak of intermittent peritoneal dialysis peritonitis during external wall renovation at a dialysis center.

    PubMed

    Cheng, V C; Lo, W K; Woo, P C; Chan, S B; Cheng, S W; Ho, M; Yuen, K Y

    2001-01-01

    To investigate an outbreak of peritonitis in intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) patients. An outbreak investigation was performed to identify the etiology of the polymicrobial outbreak, and a retrospective case-control study was conducted to assess the risk factors for development of peritonitis. Renal dialysis center. Ten episodes of peritonitis occurred in 8 of 61 patients over a 6-month period in which 669 IPD procedures were analyzed. Field visit to renal dialysis center to examine the entire IPD procedure, inspect the hospital environment, and perform air bacterial count. The environmental factors and risk factors contributing to the polymicrobial peritonitis outbreak in IPD patients. The incidence of IPD peritonitis was determined before and after interventions. The causative organisms included Acinetobacter baumanii (6), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (2), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (1), Candida albicans (1), C. tropicalis (1), Enterococcus (3), and Enterobacteriaceae (2). Four episodes of peritonitis involved infection by more than one organism. Air sampling of the environment detected a median of 110 colony forming units of bacteria per cubic meter of air, 10% of which were found to be Acinetobacter baumanii. The source of this polymicrobial outbreak was attributed to the bamboo scaffolding structure covering the external wall of the hospital during renovation. A retrospective case-control study indicated that the absence of the flush-before-fill step was a risk factor for development of peritonitis. In addition to invasive aspergillosis in transplant or oncology patients, Acinetobacter peritonitis in dialysis patients should be considered another microbial cause of outbreak associated with hospital renovation.

  5. Respiratory morbidity among children following renovation of a water-damaged school.

    PubMed

    Savilahti, R; Uitti, J; Laippala, P; Husman, T; Roto, P

    2000-01-01

    The authors sought to determine whether exposure to molds, resulting from moisture damage in a school, was associated with increased respiratory symptoms and morbidity among schoolchildren and whether the renovation of this building resulted in a decrease in prevalence of respiratory symptoms and morbidity. The study was a follow-up (1-y interval) of children between the ages of 7 and 12 y from two elementary schools in a Finnish suburb. In addition to a questionnaire completed by the parents, the authors assessed the respiratory health of children by examining the health records of a local health center. In the cross-sectional study, the prevalence of symptoms and infections were higher in the exposed group, as were visits to a physician and use of antibiotics. The school was renovated, after which all prevalence decreased and no significant differences remained, except for visits to a physician (according to questionnaire responses). Therefore, moisture damage and exposure to molds increased the indoor air problems of schools and affected the respiratory health of children.

  6. Impact of a lead-safe training program on workers conducting renovation, painting, and maintenance activities.

    PubMed

    Buzzetti, Alan J; Greene, Frank; Needham, Dottie

    2005-01-01

    An important source of lead exposure is lead-based paint that is disturbed when unsafe work practices are used during renovation, remodeling, and maintenance activities. This study explores the success of a pilot lead-safe skills training program for home improvement contractors and their employees (including renovators, remodelers, and painters) and small property owners. The study evaluates whether attendees at eight-hour lead-safe work practices training courses learned and retained information about lead exposure; developed and retained positive attitudes toward lead-safe work practices; and developed lasting, positive behavioral intentions to use lead-safe work practice skills and techniques. A questionnaire was administered immediately before, immediately following, and several months following the training program. Coded data from the questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS software. Respondents showed statistically significant changes from before to after the training program, and the changes were maintained over time. Knowledge improved, and attitudes and behavioral intentions changed in a favorable direction. These results suggest that lead-safe training can be successful and can create lasting changes in lead-safe knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors.

  7. Undetected Bacillus pseudo-outbreak after renovation work in a teaching hospital.

    PubMed

    Ohsaki, Yoshinobu; Koyano, Shin; Tachibana, Mineji; Shibukawa, Kiyoko; Kuroki, Masako; Yoshida, Itsuro; Ito, Yoshihisa

    2007-06-01

    A 602-bed capacity hospital underwent complete renovation from 1999 to 2004. In April 2005, the Infection Control Team was informed of the occurrence of three consecutive cases of Bacillus cereus bacteremia in a ward for patients with hematologic malignancies. A retrospective analysis of patients with Bacillus isolates was initiated. We found more Bacillus cereus isolates from blood samples in 2004 compare to the preceding years. Swab samples were collected in the particular ward from the surface of a working desk, filter unit of the air-conditioners, entrance of air inlet ducts, exit of the air outlet ducts and three-way valves of the particular ward under the consideration of iatrogenic contamination. Towels and gowns used in the ward were examined. Dens dust was noted in the filter of the air-conditioner and inlets/outlets of the air-ventilation system of the ward. Bacillus cereus was isolated from the dust, and from cleaned towels and gowns. PFGE fingerprinting differed among four patients' sample. We considered the present case as an undetected Bacillus cereus pseudo-outbreak that lasted for about one year after the renovation work of the hospital. We also considered that filters of the HVAC-system and towels and gowns were probable sources of the outbreak.

  8. Effect of renovating an office building on occupants' comfort and health.

    PubMed

    Pejtersen, J; Brohus, H; Hyldgaard, C E; Nielsen, J B; Valbjørn, O; Hauschildt, P; Kjaergaard, S K; Wolkoff, P

    2001-03-01

    An intervention study was performed in a mechanically ventilated office building in which there were severe indoor climate complaints among the occupants. In one part of the building a new heating and ventilation strategy was implemented by renovating the HVAC system, and a carpet was replaced with a low-emitting vinyl floor material; the other part of the building was kept unchanged, serving as a control. A comprehensive indoor climate investigation was performed before and after the intervention. Over a 2-week period, the occupants completed a daily questionnaire regarding their comfort and health. Physiological examinations of eyes, nose and lungs were performed on each occupant. Physical, chemical and sensory measurements were performed before and after the intervention. The renewal of the flooring material was performed after a sensory test of alternative solutions in the laboratory. Before the floor material was installed in the office building, a full-scale exposure experiment was performed in the laboratory. The new ventilation strategy and renovation of the HVAC system were selected on the basis of laboratory experiments on a full-scale mock-up of a cellular office. The severity of occupants' environmental perceptions and symptoms was significantly reduced by the intervention.

  9. Renovation of CPF (Chemical Processing Facility) for Development of Advanced Fast Reactor Fuel Cycle System

    SciTech Connect

    Shinichi Aose; Takafumi Kitajima; Kouji Ogasawara; Kazunori Nomura; Shigehiko Miyachi; Yoshiaki Ichige; Tadahiro Shinozaki; Shinichi Ohuchi

    2008-01-15

    CPF (Chemical Processing Facility) was constructed at Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of JAEA (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) in 1980 as a basic research field where spent fuel pins from fast reactor (FR) and high level liquid waste can be dealt with. The renovation consists of remodeling of the CA-3 cell and the laboratory A, installation of globe boxes, hoods and analytical equipments to the laboratory C and the analytical laboratory. Also maintenance equipments in the CA-5 cell which had been out of order were repaired. The CA-3 cell is the main cell in which important equipments such as a dissolver, a clarifier and extractors are installed for carrying out the hot test using the irradiated FR fuel. Since the CPF had specialized originally in the research function for the Purex process, it was desired to execute the research and development of such new, various reprocessing processes. Formerly, equipments were arranged in wide space and connected with not only each other but also with utility supply system mainly by fixed stainless steel pipes. It caused shortage of operation space in flexibility for basic experimental study. Old equipments in the CA-3 cell including vessels and pipes were removed after successful decontamination, and new equipments were installed conformably to the new design. For the purpose of easy installation and rearranging the experimental equipments, equipments are basically connected by flexible pipes. Since dissolver is able to be easily replaced, various dissolution experiments is conducted. Insoluble residue generated by dissolution of spent fuel is clarified by centrifugal. This small apparatus is effective to space-saving. Mini mixer settlers or centrifugal contactors are put on to the prescribed limited space in front of the backside wall. Fresh reagents such as solvent, scrubbing and stripping solution are continuously fed from the laboratory A to the extractor by the reagent supply system with semi-automatic observation

  10. 75 FR 13127 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting Activities in Target Housing and Child Occupied...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... the exposures that cause serious lead poisonings, especially in children under age 6, who are... AGENCY Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting Activities in Target Housing and Child Occupied... Action Apply to Me? This action is directed to the public in general, to entities offering Lead...

  11. 75 FR 51808 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting Activities in Target Housing and Child Occupied...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ... poisonings, especially in children under age 6, who are particularly susceptible to the hazards of lead... Program are found in R23-24.6-PB-Section 14.0 of the Rhode Island Rules and Regulations For Lead Poisoning...-9] Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting Activities in Target Housing and Child...

  12. Invasive aspergillosis in neutropenic patients during hospital renovation: effectiveness of mechanical preventive measures in a prospective cohort of 438 patients.

    PubMed

    Loschi, Michael; Thill, Caroline; Gray, Christian; David, Marion; Bagatha, Marie-France; Chamseddine, Ali; Contentin, Nathalie; Jardin, Fabrice; Lanic, Helene; Lemasle, Emilie; Lenain, Pascal; Stamatoullas, Aspasia; Tilly, Hervé; Lepretre, Stephane

    2015-06-01

    Aspergillus species are the main cause of invasive fungal disease for patients with severe and prolonged neutropenia. Building or renovation works have been shown as one of the major causes of outbreaks of aspergillosis. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of introduction and adaptation by air sampling of mechanical preventive measures on the incidence of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in neutropenic patients during hospital renovation. All of the patients admitted for prolonged and severe neutropenia during a renovation period from 2003 to 2008 were prospectively enrolled. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) cases were classified as possible, probable, and proven, according to the 2008 European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Invasive Fungal Infections Cooperative Group and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSG) Consensus Group criteria. The effectiveness of preventive measures was determined by air sampling. We recorded 705 hospitalizations for neutropenia concerning 438 patients. The majority of hospitalized neutropenic patients was treated for acute leukemia (38.3 %), followed by patients suffering from non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphomas (33 %). The total cumulative incidence of probable and proven IPA was 4.1 %. Risk factors for developing IPA were underlying disease, treatment course at the time of hospitalization, and the mean duration of hospitalization and of neutropenia. In this prospective study, the incidence of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis did not increase in neutropenic patients during a renovation period because of efficient mechanical preventive measures systematically adjusted using the results of air sampling.

  13. Study of the cellular retention time and the partial biomass renovation in a fungal decolourisation continuous process.

    PubMed

    Blánquez, P; Sarrà, M; Vicent, M T

    2006-05-01

    The long-term continuous decolourisation treatment of the textile dye Grey Lanaset G (150 mg/l) was carried out in an air-pulsed bed bioreactor with retained pellets of the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor. Maximum cellular retention time (CRT) was established at 40 days. During this time period, colour reduction remained at 90% and laccase activity was over 400 AU/l. Higher CRTs involved operational problems related to biomass conglomerates formed at the top of the bioreactor, which made individual movement of the pellets difficult. In order to carry out the long-term continuous treatment, a strategy of purge and biomass renovation that had to allow fungal stable activity levels to be maintained was planned. The purge and biomass renovation strategy consists of partial biomass renovations: 1/3 of the total biomass of the system is renewed every 1/3 of the CRT. Different CRTs were tested; with a CRT of 21 days carrying out partial biomass renovations every 7 days and with a hydraulic retention time of 2 days, decolourisation percentages higher than 80% were obtained, maintaining a young culture in the bioreactor and guaranteeing microbial activity. In accordance with the strategy observed, different simulations of the age of the biomass in the bioreactor were carried out, obtaining suitable age distributions for CRT of 20-21 days.

  14. Making the Most of What You've Got: Renovation of the Office of the Registrar, University of California, Davis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babey, Evelyn R.

    An account of the renovation of the Office of the Registrar at the University of California, Davis, is presented. The task was to redesign existing space to utilize it more effectively; the ultimate goal was to better serve the university community. Placing units that were functionally interdependent in closer proximity and arranging high volume…

  15. Planning Barrier Free Libraries. A Guide for Renovation and Construction of Libraries Serving Blind and Physically Handicapped Readers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Charles A., Jr.

    Guidelines and sample designs for the construction or renovation of libraries providing services to blind and handicapped individuals are introduced by brief discussions of the responsibilities of members of the planning team, planning prerequisites, funding, and architect and site selection. Barrier-free designs are then suggested for the entry…

  16. The Renovation of Higher Education Governance in Vietnam and Its Impact on the Teaching Quality at Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pham, Thi Lan Phuong

    2012-01-01

    Significant changes in the policies of higher education in Vietnam have changed the structure and governance of the system since the mid-1990s. The most commonly agreed-upon positive outcome of the governance renovation process is that the formation of a nationwide quality assurance scheme, which is stimulated by accreditation, in the higher…

  17. Maintaining Respect for the Past and Flexibility for the Future: Additions and Renovations as an Integrated Sequence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swedberg, Dan

    As an alternative to new construction or consolidation, many rural communities are considering the option of retaining their existing schools, upgrading them through renovations, and providing community-sensitive and effective additions as needed. The feeling of being connected to one's community can be enhanced by the continuity of community…

  18. The Renovation of Higher Education Governance in Vietnam and Its Impact on the Teaching Quality at Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pham, Thi Lan Phuong

    2012-01-01

    Significant changes in the policies of higher education in Vietnam have changed the structure and governance of the system since the mid-1990s. The most commonly agreed-upon positive outcome of the governance renovation process is that the formation of a nationwide quality assurance scheme, which is stimulated by accreditation, in the higher…

  19. 76 FR 40912 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment for the Renovation of the Charles F...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-12

    ... replacement of mechanical systems to meet high performance green building standards, and making needed.... Replacing the building's mechanical systems would result in a reduction of energy usage and promote the... (through mechanical systems renovation and replacement) would promote the backfill of the remaining...

  20. Renovation activities during pregnancy induce a Th2 shift in fetal but not in maternal immune system.

    PubMed

    Herberth, Gunda; Herzog, Thomas; Hinz, Denise; Röder, Stefan; Schilde, Maik; Sack, Ulrich; Diez, Ulrike; Borte, Michael; Lehmann, Irina

    2013-06-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate to which extent environmental influences like indoor renovation activities affect the immune system of mother and child during the gestation period. Within the LINA (Lifestyle and Environmental Factors and their Influence on Newborn Allergy risk) birth cohort study blood samples of mothers during pregnancy and cord blood samples were analyzed for concentrations of the Th1/Th2 cytokines IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IFN-γ and IgE. Data on indoor renovation activities (painting, flooring and new furniture) were assessed with questionnaires. Data on cytokine blood concentrations and exposure variables were available for 422 mother/child pairs. Neonates, who were strongly affected by renovation activities (especially floor covering and new furniture) during pregnancy, had significantly higher concentrations of IL-4 and IL-5 in cord blood. Among the single activities, new furniture, particularly flake board, were associated with increased IL-4 levels. Elevated IL-4 levels were also observed in the cord blood of children whose mothers reported wall-to-wall carpeting. Among flooring, polyvinylchloride (PVC) showed the strongest effect with increased IL-5 concentrations. The Th1/Th2 imbalance towards Th2 at birth was related to allergic sensitization in children at the age of one. There were only few and negative associations between renovation activities and Th1/Th2 cytokine concentration in maternal blood. Our study shows that under similar exposure situations the fetal immune system is more susceptible to the influence of environmental factors, in particular renovation products (flake board, wall-to-wall carpets and PVC) compared to the maternal. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  1. LMHC/TWRS year 2000 equipment project renovation and contingency plan

    SciTech Connect

    ADAMS, M.R.

    1999-05-12

    A program has been completed to assess, renovate and document tank farm field equipment year 2000 compliance. A communication plan has also been prepared (see section 8.0). The objective of the program was to assure that no adverse effects occur in tank farm operations as a result of equipment malfunction due to the advent of year 2000. The purposes of this document are to: describe the process used to assess field equipment; document items found to be compliant; document items found to be non-compliant including options for making the equipment year 2000 functional and/or tolerant; describe location and management of field equipment year 2000 documentation; assess overall vulnerability of TWRS field equipment with regard to year 2000 problems and describe plans to communicate year 2000 equipment review results and corrective actions.

  2. Thermal Renovation of Buildings with the Use of Straw - European Experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golański, Michał

    2016-12-01

    The selection of building materials to a huge extent shapes building impact on the environment. In the era of widespread awareness of health problems arising from toxicity of chemical substances, healthy and safe materials of organic origin are even more important. The work discusses examples of the use of straw-bales in thermal retrofitting of buildings located in Austria, Czech Republic and Hungary. The experience of the practical applications of this material in renovations of buildings located in similar climatic conditions indicate that these solutions can be used successfully in Poland. The prevalence of this technology can make a significant contribution to reduction of gaseous emissions, waste, as well as the emission of noise, vibration radiation.

  3. Program of “Okayama Biomedical Engineering Professional” for Local Renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayashi, Kozaburo

    Okayama University of Science, Department of Biomedical Engineering, is promoting a program of “Okayama Biomedical Engineering Professional” for the development and renovation of biomedical industries in Okayama area. This is one of the programs of the national project on “Formation of the Center for the Production of Capable Persons for Local Renovation” , sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan, and performed by the Japan Science and Technology Agency. The purpose of the program is to develop and educate specialists for the research, development, production, and marketing of biomedical devices and equipment in local industries in Okayama area. A half a year training for approximately 5 students from industries consists of 12 days of lectures and experiments, which is repeatedly provided for 5 years (approximately 45 students in total) .

  4. Tenement House "Under The Golden Crown" In Wrocław - Renovation Of The Peculiar Monument

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirschke, Krystyna

    2015-12-01

    Among the many historic buildings in Wroclaw, there is a property address Rynek 29 - Oławska 2, that in 1970 entered in the register of monuments as "a department store, earlier tenement house called "Under the Golden Crown". In the fact it was built in 1961 and it is neither a historical building nor department store. It is, spectacular example of creative retrospective, in the post-war reconstruction of Wroclaw. It has relict of medieval and Renaissance architecture, but the aboveground parts have a skeleton structure of commercial buildings from the early 20th century. In recent years, there is a problem with renovating such buildings. Recognition of these monuments has become a requirement now. Because only in this way in the future, in the course of modernization works, you will be able to avoid bad decisions and unforeseen situations.

  5. Delamination and renovation of a molecular surfactant-polymer boundary lubricant film.

    PubMed

    Lagleize, J-M; Richetti, P; Drummond, C

    2009-10-06

    We have studied the behavior under compression and shear of two molecularly smooth mica surfaces immersed in aqueous solutions of a dimeric cationic surfactant and an oppositely charged polyelectrolyte-neutral diblock copolymer by using a surface force apparatus-nanotribometer, SFA-N. The surfactant and copolymer coadsorb as a mix molecular boundary lubricant film on the negatively charged mica surfaces leading to low friction in a sliding mechanical contact. However, under fritting conditions, shearing can induce different dynamic transitions of the confined films. Transitions from the initial low friction steady state to new steady states of low or high friction can be induced when the sliding velocity is increased above certain values. These dynamical transitions occur together with thickness reduction of the confined film. A reverse transition to the low friction steady state accompanied by the renovation of the film can be triggered by reintroducing some matter in the contact, via increasing the amplitude of the fritting cycles.

  6. Worker lead exposures during renovation of homes with lead-based paint

    SciTech Connect

    Sussell, A.; Gittleman, J.; Singal, M.

    1998-11-01

    The authors evaluated lead exposures among full-time home renovators and part-time volunteers working primarily in pre-1960 homes with lead-based paint. Potentially hazardous lead exposures were measured during two tasks: exterior dry scraping and wet scraping. Maximum exposures were 120 and 63 {micro}g/m{sup 3}, respectively. Exposures during other tasks, including general repair, weatherization, exterior scraping/painting, window replacement, demolition, and plumbing, were low, as were all 13 full-shift personal exposures. Blood lead levels for full-time workers ranged up to 17.5 {micro}g/dl, with a GM of 5.2 {micro}g/dl; the GM for volunteers was 3.2 {micro}g/dl. All of the paint samples collected from work surfaces had detectable amounts of lead, with 65% of the work surfaces tested having an average lead concentration of >0.5%.

  7. Alternative Energy Saving Technology Analysis Report for Richland High School Renovation Project

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Bing

    2004-08-09

    On July 8, 2004, L&S Engineering, Inc. submitted a technical assistance request to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to help estimate the potential energy savings and cost effectiveness of the solar energy and daylighting design alternatives for Richland High School Renovation Project in Richland, WA. L&S Engineering expected PNNL to evaluate the potential energy savings and energy cost savings, the probable installation costs, incentives or grants to reduce the installed costs and simple payback for the following alternative measures: (1) Daylighting in New Gym; (2) Solar Photovoltaics; (3) Solar Domestic Hot Water Pre-Heat; and (4) Solar Outside Air Pre-Heat Following are the findings of the energy savings and cost-effectiveness analysis of above alternative energy saving technologies.

  8. Report on renovation of "Shinagawa City Samezu Exercise Park " taking in the idea of Children

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ogawa, Susumu; Amma, Yoko

    When constructing and renovating parks in Shinagawa city, we collect various needs from local citizens by briefing, workshop and public comment. However, only adult people usually come to workshop. And there are few expression by children who are main users of parks. Then we made plan of a new park with children who play major roles in their future as part of town development. This plan is shown in Shinagawa city basics design which instituted in April 2008. And during construction of it we held observation tour with children to get more familiar to their parks. After finishing construction, we are going to maintain together with them by planting flowers etc. In this way, we cultivate mind that adults and children conduct town development together by system in which children can continuously take part in each step of making parks.

  9. Renovating the chromoionophores and detection modes in carrier-based ion-selective optical sensors.

    PubMed

    Xie, Xiaojiang

    2016-04-01

    Ion-selective optical sensing is an important branch of analytical and bioanalytical chemistry. Conventional ion-selective optodes are based on H(+) chromoionophores. These sensors are known to be pH dependent and usually operated in a passive mode. In view of the applications in complex real samples, the sensors must exhibit not only excellent chemical selectivity but also the ability to eliminate the optical background interference such as autofluorescence and light scattering. In this article, recent advances to renovate the chromoionophores and detection modes to overcome the pH cross-response and to eliminate the background optical interference are summarized. Topics include sensors based on solvatochromic dyes, alternative chromoionophores, photoswitchable sensors, upconverting nanoparticles, luminescence decay time, and others.

  10. Renovation of Nmij's 5 MN Hydraulic Amplification Type Force Standard Machine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayashi, Toshiyuki; Maejima, Hiroshi; Ueda, Kazunaga; Aokitsu, Mitsuharu

    The 5 MN hydraulic amplification type force standard machine was renovated by replacing its hydraulic pressure control system, measuring ram and cylinder. For re-evaluation of uncertainty of force amplification factor, diameters of the main and mearsuring rams and cylinders were re-measured. A programmable logic controller with a personal computer is used to control the weight motion and the valve actuation, to monitor various kinds of sensors output, and to record readings of a force transducer under calibration. Fluctuation of calibration force was suppressed by using a quartz-resonance type pressure gauge, and measurement repeatability was improved to some extent. However, there remains room for improvement to further stabilize the calibration force by modifying the measuring ram.

  11. Renovated Korean nuclear safety and security system: A review and suggestions to successful settlement

    SciTech Connect

    Chung, W. S.; Yun, S. W.; Lee, D. S.; Go, D. Y.

    2012-07-01

    Questions of whether past nuclear regulatory body of Korea is not a proper system to monitor and check the country's nuclear energy policy and utilization have been raised. Moreover, a feeling of insecurity regarding nuclear safety after the nuclear accident in Japan has spread across the public. This has stimulated a renovation of the nuclear safety regime in Korea. The Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (NSSC) was launched on October 26, 2011 as a regulatory body directly under the President in charge of strengthening independence and nuclear safety. This was a meaningful event as the NSSC it is a much more independent regulatory system for Korea. However, the NSSC itself does not guarantee an enhanced public acceptance of the nuclear policy and stable use nuclear energy. This study introduces the new NSSC system and its details in terms of organization structure, appropriateness of specialty, budget stability, and management system. (authors)

  12. Energy Efficiency and Universal Design in Home Renovations - A Comparative Review.

    PubMed

    Kapedani, Ermal; Herssens, Jasmien; Verbeeck, Griet

    2016-01-01

    Policy and societal objectives indicate a large need for housing renovations that both accommodate lifelong living and significantly increase energy efficiency. However, these two areas of research are not yet examined in conjunction and this paper hypothesizes this as a missed opportunity to create better renovation concepts. The paper outlines a comparative review on research in Energy Efficiency and Universal Design in order to find the similarities and differences in both depth and breadth of knowledge. Scientific literature in the two fields reveals a disparate depth of knowledge in areas of theory, research approach, and degree of implementation in society. Universal Design and Energy Efficiency are part of a trajectory of expanding scope towards greater sustainability and, although social urgency has been a driver of the research intensity and approach in both fields, in energy efficiency there is an engineering, problem solving approach while Universal Design has a more sociological, user-focused one. These different approaches are reflected in the way home owners in Energy Efficiency research are viewed as consumers and decision makers whose drivers are studied, while Universal Design treats home owners as informants in the design process and studies their needs. There is an inherent difficulty in directly merging Universal Design and Energy Efficiency at a conceptual level because Energy Efficiency is understood as a set of measures, i.e. a product, while Universal Design is part of a (design) process. The conceptual difference is apparent in their implementation as well. Internationally energy efficiency in housing has been largely imposed through legislation, while legislation directly mandating Universal Design is either non-existent or it has an explicit focus on accessibility. However, Energy Efficiency and Universal Design can be complementary concepts and, even though it is more complex than expected, the combination offers possibilities to advance

  13. Chemical exposures in recently renovated low-income housing: Influence of building materials and occupant activities.

    PubMed

    Dodson, Robin E; Udesky, Julia O; Colton, Meryl D; McCauley, Martha; Camann, David E; Yau, Alice Y; Adamkiewicz, Gary; Rudel, Ruthann A

    2017-08-14

    Health disparities in low-income communities may be linked to residential exposures to chemicals infiltrating from the outdoors and characteristics of and sources in the home. Indoor sources comprise those introduced by the occupant as well as releases from building materials. To examine the impact of renovation on indoor pollutants levels and to classify chemicals by predominant indoor sources, we collected indoor air and surface wipes from newly renovated "green" low-income housing units in Boston before and after occupancy. We targeted nearly 100 semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including phthalates, flame retardants, fragrance chemicals, pesticides, antimicrobials, petroleum chemicals, chlorinated solvents, and formaldehyde, as well as particulate matter. All homes had indoor air concentrations that exceeded available risk-based screening levels for at least one chemical. We categorized chemicals as primarily influenced by the occupant or as having building-related sources. While building-related chemicals observed in this study may be specific to the particular housing development, occupant-related findings might be generalizable to similar communities. Among 58 detected chemicals, we distinguished 25 as primarily occupant-related, including fragrance chemicals 6-acetyl-1,1,2,4,4,7-hexamethyltetralin (AHTN) and 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylcyclopenta[g]-2-benzopyran (HHCB). The pre- to post-occupancy patterns of the remaining chemicals suggested important contributions from building materials for some, including dibutyl phthalate and xylene, whereas others, such as diethyl phthalate and formaldehyde, appeared to have both building and occupant sources. Chemical classification by source informs multi-level exposure reduction strategies in low-income housing. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  14. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 5, Structural/seismic investigation. Section B, Renovation calculations/supporting data

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. This report is organized according to the sections and subsections. It is organized into seven parts. This document, Part V, Section B - Structural/Seismic Information provides a description of the seismic and structural analyses performed on the NMSF and their results.

  15. Approach for Estimating Exposures and Incremental Health Effects from Lead During Renovation, Repair, and Painting Activities in Public and Commercial Buildings

    EPA Science Inventory

    Approach for Estimating Exposures and Incremental Health Effects from Lead During Renovation, Repair, and Painting Activities in Public and Commercial Buildings” (Technical Approach Document). Also available for public review and comment are two supplementary documents: the detai...

  16. Approach for Estimating Exposures and Incremental Health Effects from Lead Due to Renovation Repair and Painting Activities in Public and Commercial Buildings

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Approach for Estimating Exposures and Incremental Health Effects from Lead Due to Renovation Repair and Painting Activities in Public and Commercial Buildings: links to documents at www.regulations.gov, links to PDFs related to Approach document

  17. Approach for Estimating Exposures and Incremental Health Effects from Lead During Renovation, Repair, and Painting Activities in Public and Commercial Buildings

    EPA Science Inventory

    Approach for Estimating Exposures and Incremental Health Effects from Lead During Renovation, Repair, and Painting Activities in Public and Commercial Buildings” (Technical Approach Document). Also available for public review and comment are two supplementary documents: the detai...

  18. The Interaction Between Prenatal Exposure to Home Renovation and Reactive Oxygen Species Genes in Cord Blood IgE Response is Modified by Maternal Atopy.

    PubMed

    Yu, Jinho; Ahn, Kangmo; Shin, Youn Ho; Kim, Kyung Won; Suh, Dong In; Yu, Ho Sung; Kang, Mi Jin; Lee, Kyung Shin; Hong, Seo Ah; Choi, Kil Yong; Lee, Eun; Yang, Song I; Seo, Ju Hee; Kim, Byoung Ju; Kim, Hyo Bin; Lee, So Yeon; Choi, Suk Joo; Oh, Soo Young; Kwon, Ja Young; Lee, Kyung Ju; Park, Hee Jin; Lee, Pil Ryang; Won, Hye Sung; Hong, Soo Jong

    2016-01-01

    Although home renovation exposure during childhood has been identified as a risk factor for the development of allergy, there is limited information on the association between prenatal exposure to home renovation and cord blood (CB) IgE response. The aims of this study were to identify the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on CB IgE levels, and to investigate whether this exposure interacts with neonatal genes and whether the effect can be modified by maternal atopy. This study included 1,002 mother-neonate pairs from the COhort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and allergic diseases (COCOA). Prenatal environmental factors were collected using a questionnaire. The levels of CB IgE were measured by the ImmunoCAP system, and DNA was extracted from CB. Exposure to home renovation during the prenatal period was associated with significantly higher levels of CB IgE only in neonates from atopic mothers, and the effect of renovation exposure on CB IgE levels persisted from 31 months before birth. Furthermore, prenatal exposure to home renovation increased the risk of CB IgE response interacting with polymorphisms of NRF2 and GSTP1 genes only in neonates from atopic mothers. Maternal atopy modified the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on CB serum IgE response as well as the interaction between the exposure and neonatal genes involved in the oxidative stress pathway. These findings suggest that the genetically susceptible offspring of atopic mothers may be more vulnerable to the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on the development of allergy.

  19. The Interaction Between Prenatal Exposure to Home Renovation and Reactive Oxygen Species Genes in Cord Blood IgE Response is Modified by Maternal Atopy

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Jinho; Shin, Youn Ho; Kim, Kyung Won; Suh, Dong In; Yu, Ho-Sung; Kang, Mi-Jin; Lee, Kyung-Shin; Hong, Seo Ah; Choi, Kil Yong; Lee, Eun; Yang, Song-I; Seo, Ju-Hee; Kim, Byoung-Ju; Kim, Hyo-Bin; Lee, So-Yeon; Choi, Suk-Joo; Oh, Soo-Young; Kwon, Ja-Young; Lee, Kyung-Ju; Park, Hee Jin; Lee, Pil Ryang; Won, Hye-Sung

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Although home renovation exposure during childhood has been identified as a risk factor for the development of allergy, there is limited information on the association between prenatal exposure to home renovation and cord blood (CB) IgE response. The aims of this study were to identify the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on CB IgE levels, and to investigate whether this exposure interacts with neonatal genes and whether the effect can be modified by maternal atopy. Methods This study included 1,002 mother-neonate pairs from the COhort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and allergic diseases (COCOA). Prenatal environmental factors were collected using a questionnaire. The levels of CB IgE were measured by the ImmunoCAP system, and DNA was extracted from CB. Results Exposure to home renovation during the prenatal period was associated with significantly higher levels of CB IgE only in neonates from atopic mothers, and the effect of renovation exposure on CB IgE levels persisted from 31 months before birth. Furthermore, prenatal exposure to home renovation increased the risk of CB IgE response interacting with polymorphisms of NRF2 and GSTP1 genes only in neonates from atopic mothers. Conclusions Maternal atopy modified the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on CB serum IgE response as well as the interaction between the exposure and neonatal genes involved in the oxidative stress pathway. These findings suggest that the genetically susceptible offspring of atopic mothers may be more vulnerable to the effect of prenatal exposure to home renovation on the development of allergy. PMID:26540500

  20. Association between maternal exposure to housing renovation and offspring with congenital heart disease: a multi-hospital case-control study.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhen; Li, Xiaohong; Li, Nana; Li, Shengli; Deng, Kui; Lin, Yuan; Chen, Xinlin; You, Fengzhi; Li, Jun; Mu, Dezhi; Wang, Yanping; Zhu, Jun

    2013-03-25

    Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most prevalent birth defects. Housing renovations are a newly recognized source of indoor environmental pollution that is detrimental to health. A growing body of research suggests that maternal occupational exposure to renovation materials may be associated with an increased risk of giving birth to fetuses with CHD. However, the effect of indoor housing renovation exposure on CHD occurrence has not been reported. A multi-hospital case-control study was designed to investigate the association between maternal periconceptional housing renovation exposure and the risk of CHD for offspring. In total, 346 cases and 408 controls were enrolled in this study from four hospitals in China. Exposure information was based on a questionnaire given to women during pregnancy. The association between housing renovation exposure and CHD occurrence was assessed by estimating odds ratios (OR) with logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders. The risk for CHD in offspring was significantly associated with maternal exposure to housing renovations (AOR: 1.89, 95% CI: 1.29-2.77). There were similar risks for cardiac defects with or without extra-cardiac malformation (AOR of 2.65 and 1.76, respectively). Maternal housing renovation exposure may increase the fetus' risk of suffering from conotruncal defect or anomalous venous return. There were significant risks for cardiac defects if the pregnant woman moved into a new house within one month after decoration at either 3 months before pregnancy (AOR: 2.38, 95% CI: 1.03 to 5.48) or during first trimester (AOR: 4.00, 95% CI: 1.62 to 9.86). Maternal exposure to housing renovations may have an increased risk of giving birth to fetuses with some selected types of CHD. This relationship was stronger for women who moved into a newly decorated house. However, considering the limited number of subjects and the problem of multiple exposures, more research is needed to clarify the

  1. Renovating Charity Hospital or building a new hospital in post-Katrina New Orleans: economic rationale versus political will.

    PubMed

    Leleu, Hervé; Moises, James; Valdmanis, Vivian Grace

    2013-02-01

    Since September 2005, Charity Hospital of New Orleans has been closed due to Hurricane Katrina. A debate following the closing arose about whether this public hospital should be renovated or a new medical center affiliated with the Louisiana State University should be built. Using academic literature, government statistics, and popular press reports, we describe the economic implications that support the view that Charity Hospital should have been renovated. We also address why this policy was not pursued by demonstrating the influence politics and individual stakeholders (specifically, Louisiana State University) had on the eventual policy pursued. In this commentary we also note the political identity movement away from public-sector provision of services to private-sector interests.

  2. Environmental Assessment for the Renovation of the Former Steam Plant St Clair County Scott Air Force Base, Illinois

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    measures to prevent erosion during construction would be implemented and could include the installation of staked straw bales , sedimentation basins, and...Final Environmental Assessment for Renovation of the Former Steam Plant 3-3 FINAL combustion services, stationary internal combustion engines...Monoxide Nitrogen Oxides Particulate Matter Sulfur Oxides Volatile Organic Compounds External Combustion Sources 2.24 2.82 0.216 0.017 0.156

  3. Moving to Google Cloud: Renovation of Global Borehole Temperature Database for Climate Research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, Y.; Huang, S.

    2013-12-01

    Borehole temperature comprises an independent archive of information on climate change which is complementary to the instrumental and other proxy climate records. With support from the international geothermal community, a global database of borehole temperatures has been constructed for the specific purpose of the study on climate change. Although this database has become an important data source in climate research, there are certain limitations partially because the framework of the existing borehole temperature database was hand-coded some twenty years ago. A database renovation work is now underway to take the advantages of the contemporary online database technologies. The major intended improvements include 1) dynamically linking a borehole site to Google Earth to allow for inspection of site specific geographical information; 2) dynamically linking an original key reference of a given borehole site to Google Scholar to allow for a complete list of related publications; and 3) enabling site selection and data download based on country, coordinate range, and contributor. There appears to be a good match between the enhancement requirements for this database and the functionalities of the newly released Google Fusion Tables application. Google Fusion Tables is a cloud-based service for data management, integration, and visualization. This experimental application can consolidate related online resources such as Google Earth, Google Scholar, and Google Drive for sharing and enriching an online database. It is user friendly, allowing users to apply filters and to further explore the internet for additional information regarding the selected data. The users also have ways to map, to chart, and to calculate on the selected data, and to download just the subset needed. The figure below is a snapshot of the database currently under Google Fusion Tables renovation. We invite contribution and feedback from the geothermal and climate research community to make the

  4. In vitro isolation and cultivation of human chondrocytes for osteoarthritis renovation.

    PubMed

    Xu, Jiaming; Zhang, Changqing

    2014-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the repair effects of chondrocytes that were cultured in vitro on osteoarthritis (OA). Chondrocytes were isolated from fetal rabbits and cultured in Biosilon microcarriers. Sixty rabbits were randomly divided into three groups equally (blank group, model group, treatment group). The rabbit knee OA model was established by inducing papain. Rabbits in the treatment group were injected with the chondrocytes that were cultured in vitro. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and gross morphologic observation were conducted. Expression level of cytokines such as IL-1bβ, IL-6, and TNF-α in cartilage synovial cells was also analyzed by an ELISA assay. The cultured chondrocyte was validated by a positive stain of type II collagen and vimentin by immunofluorescence. Compared to the model group, the articular cartilage of the rabbit knee in the treatment group showed a normal color, smooth surface, and none of malacia and coloboma. HE staining indicated that the articular surface of the treatment group tended to be smooth and flat; the matrix stained tinge and the cartilage destruction and fiber hyperplasia of the synovia were lightened. The expression levels of IL-1bβ, IL-6, and TNF-α also declined in the treatment group. OA symptoms were improved by treating with chondrocytes. In summary, the animal experiment in the present study indicated that chondrocyte injection played an active effect on renovation of OA.

  5. Extensive structural renovation of retrogenes in the evolution of the Populus genome.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Zhenglin; Zhang, Yong; Long, Manyuan

    2009-12-01

    Retroposition, as an important copy mechanism for generating new genes, was believed to play a negligible role in plants. As a representative dicot, the genomic sequences of Populus (poplar; Populus trichocarpa) provide an opportunity to investigate this issue. We identified 106 retrogenes and found the majority (89%) of them are associated with functional signatures in sequence evolution, transcription, and (or) translation. Remarkably, examination of gene structures revealed extensive structural renovation of these retrogenes: we identified 18 (17%) of them undergoing either chimerization to form new chimerical genes and (or) intronization (transformation into intron sequences of previously exonic sequences) to generate new intron-containing genes. Such a change might occur at a high speed, considering eight out of 18 such cases occurred recently after divergence between Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and Populus. This pattern also exists in Arabidopsis, with 15 intronized retrogenes occurring after the divergence between Arabidopsis and papaya (Carica papaya). Thus, the frequency of intronization in dicots revealed its importance as a mechanism in the evolution of exon-intron structure. In addition, we also examined the potential impact of the Populus nascent sex determination system on the chromosomal distribution of retrogenes and did not observe any significant effects of the extremely young sex chromosomes.

  6. Extensive Structural Renovation of Retrogenes in the Evolution of the Populus Genome1[W][OA

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Zhenglin; Zhang, Yong; Long, Manyuan

    2009-01-01

    Retroposition, as an important copy mechanism for generating new genes, was believed to play a negligible role in plants. As a representative dicot, the genomic sequences of Populus (poplar; Populus trichocarpa) provide an opportunity to investigate this issue. We identified 106 retrogenes and found the majority (89%) of them are associated with functional signatures in sequence evolution, transcription, and (or) translation. Remarkably, examination of gene structures revealed extensive structural renovation of these retrogenes: we identified 18 (17%) of them undergoing either chimerization to form new chimerical genes and (or) intronization (transformation into intron sequences of previously exonic sequences) to generate new intron-containing genes. Such a change might occur at a high speed, considering eight out of 18 such cases occurred recently after divergence between Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and Populus. This pattern also exists in Arabidopsis, with 15 intronized retrogenes occurring after the divergence between Arabidopsis and papaya (Carica papaya). Thus, the frequency of intronization in dicots revealed its importance as a mechanism in the evolution of exon-intron structure. In addition, we also examined the potential impact of the Populus nascent sex determination system on the chromosomal distribution of retrogenes and did not observe any significant effects of the extremely young sex chromosomes. PMID:19789289

  7. The Coxiella burnetii Dot/Icm system creates a comfortable home through lysosomal renovation.

    PubMed

    Newton, Hayley J; Roy, Craig R

    2011-01-01

    Understanding the molecular pathogenesis of Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of human Q fever, has historically been hindered by the technical difficulties of genetically manipulating obligate intracellular bacteria. The recent development of culture conditions suitable for axenic propagation of C. burnetii has paved the way for the application of a range of genetic techniques to address key questions within the field. Recent studies using mutational analysis have revealed that the C. burnetii Dot/Icm type 4 secretion system (T4SS) is an important virulence determinant that is essential for renovation of a lysosome into a mature Coxiella-containing vacuole (CCV) permissive of intracellular replication. Interestingly, a mutant of C. burnetii deficient in Dot/Icm function was found to be capable of replicating within the parasitophorous vacuole created by Leishmania amazonensis, which indicates that C. burnetii replication is not dependent on the cohort of Dot/Icm effector proteins per se but rather that the collective actions of effectors are required to create the specialized niche supportive of replication. Thus, a role for the Dot/Icm T4SS during the intracellular life cycle of C. burnetii has been more clearly defined by these studies, which demonstrate that advances in genetic analysis should allow future studies to focus on the intricacies of Dot/Icm effector functions that facilitate development of the unique CCV.

  8. The Coxiella burnetii Dot/Icm System Creates a Comfortable Home through Lysosomal Renovation

    PubMed Central

    Newton, Hayley J.; Roy, Craig R.

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT Understanding the molecular pathogenesis of Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of human Q fever, has historically been hindered by the technical difficulties of genetically manipulating obligate intracellular bacteria. The recent development of culture conditions suitable for axenic propagation of C. burnetii has paved the way for the application of a range of genetic techniques to address key questions within the field. Recent studies using mutational analysis have revealed that the C. burnetii Dot/Icm type 4 secretion system (T4SS) is an important virulence determinant that is essential for renovation of a lysosome into a mature Coxiella-containing vacuole (CCV) permissive of intracellular replication. Interestingly, a mutant of C. burnetii deficient in Dot/Icm function was found to be capable of replicating within the parasitophorous vacuole created by Leishmania amazonensis, which indicates that C. burnetii replication is not dependent on the cohort of Dot/Icm effector proteins per se but rather that the collective actions of effectors are required to create the specialized niche supportive of replication. Thus, a role for the Dot/Icm T4SS during the intracellular life cycle of C. burnetii has been more clearly defined by these studies, which demonstrate that advances in genetic analysis should allow future studies to focus on the intricacies of Dot/Icm effector functions that facilitate development of the unique CCV. PMID:22010216

  9. [Renovation of medical specialty education system in Japan (current status and future perspectives)].

    PubMed

    Muraoka, Akira

    2013-01-01

    In order to further improve competences of specialized physicians and to correct uneven distribution of young physicians in Japan, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare has compiled a report on April 22, proposing major renovation of training system for specialized medical doctors. In the proposed system, there will be 19 fundamental training areas for specialties, including general internal medicine, just after the completion of two-years of mandatory postgraduate clinical training defined by law. Japanese Board of Medical Specialties (tentative name), which is similar to ACGME in US, will be established as an independent organization in the late 2013 and play a pivotal role in renewal of the system. The new organization will possess two major functions, one is to assess and accredit training programs for medical specialties, and the other is to manage board examination systems for medical specialties. Specialty training based on the new system will commence in April 2017 at the earliest. In such circumstances, Japanese Society of Neurology will be requested not only to clarify competency profiles of capable neurologists but also to present effective training programs to produce such competent neurologists.

  10. [Effects of different nutritional support routes on the intestinal mucosa mucosainjury and renovation in burned rats].

    PubMed

    Peng, X; Wang, S; Tao, L

    2000-08-01

    To compare the effects of different nutritional support routes on the intestinal mucosa in burned rats. Wistar rats inflicted with 30% TBSA full thickness burns were employed as the model and randomly divided into three groups: burn with enteral nutrition (EN), burn with parenteral nutrition (PN), and normal control (C). Solutions for intravenous and oral application with same volume, calorie, nitrogen and other nutrients were administered to rats in PN and EN groups, respectively. The plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) activity, the intestinal mucosa change of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), of transmembrane electric potential difference (PD), of intestinal trefoil factor and their correlation analysis (ITF) were observed. Plasma DAO activity increased obviously and PD, PCNA values, ITF content were much lower in EN, PN groups than those in C group. The ITF content, the values of PD and PCNA in EN were much higher than those in PN group, while DAO activity in EN group was obviously lower than that in PN group. In addition, ITF content was significantly negatively correlated to plasma DAO activity, and obviously positively correlated to PCNA and PD values. It is suggested that intestinal mucosa injury was much more severe in PN group than that in EN group. Postburn intestine mucosa mucosal structural injury was related to the evident decrease of synthesis and secretion of ITF. Enteral nutrition might slow down the decrement of ITF, which could explain why EN was superior to PN in terms of decreasing intestinal mucosal injury and enhancing intestinal renovation.

  11. Renovating the Pyramid of Needs: Contemporary Extensions Built Upon Ancient Foundations

    PubMed Central

    Kenrick, Douglas T.; Griskevicius, Vladas; Neuberg, Steven L.; Schaller, Mark

    2011-01-01

    Maslow’s pyramid of human needs, proposed in 1943, has been one of the most cognitively contagious ideas in the behavioral sciences. Anticipating later evolutionary views of human motivation and cognition, Maslow viewed human motives as based in innate and universal predispositions. We revisit the idea of a motivational hierarchy in light of theoretical developments at the interface of evolutionary biology, anthropology, and psychology. After considering motives at three different levels of analysis, we argue that the basic foundational structure of the pyramid is worth preserving, but that it should be buttressed with a few architectural extensions. By adding a contemporary design feature, connections between fundamental motives and immediate situational threats and opportunities should be highlighted. By incorporating a classical element, these connections can be strengthened by anchoring the hierarchy of human motives more firmly in the bedrock of modern evolutionary theory. We propose a renovated hierarchy of fundamental motives that serves as both an integrative framework and a generative foundation for future empirical research. PMID:21874133

  12. Tenant guidelines for energy-efficient renovation of buildings at the Presidio of San Francisco

    SciTech Connect

    Warner, J.L.; Sartor, D.; Diamond, R.

    1997-06-01

    These Guidelines are intended to help current and future tenants of the Presidio work with designers and contractors to incorporate energy efficiency and sustainable practices into the renovations of the buildings. This guide is designed to complement the detailed Guidelines for Rehabilitating Buildings at the Presidio of San Francisco, available from the National Park Service. Energy efficiency yields benefits far beyond energy savings. Daylighting and efficient electric lighting, natural ventilation and cooling, and other conservation strategies improve tenant health, comfort, and productivity, while preserving the historical heritage of Presidio buildings. This guide examines the use of energy and resources and opportunities for efficiency in Presidio buildings on the basis of individual components and systems. The authors begin with recommended and discouraged practices for roofs, walls, and foundations, then move to windows and other opening. Next they address efficiency issues in building interiors--lighting, office equipment, and spacing planning. The authors follow with recommendations for mechanical and plumbing systems and conclude with insights on miscellaneous outdoor energy and resource concerns. A concise listing of sources of more detailed information is provided at the end of the document. The authors expect this guide to help tenants begin the process of using energy-efficient and sustainable practices throughout the Presidio of San Francisco.

  13. Rehabilitation centers in change: participatory methods for managing redesign and renovation.

    PubMed

    Lahtinen, Marjaana; Nenonen, Suvi; Rasila, Heidi; Lehtelä, Jouni; Ruohomäki, Virpi; Reijula, Kari

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to describe a set of participatory methods that we have either developed or modified for developing future work and service environments to better suit renewable rehabilitation processes. We discuss the methods in a larger framework of change process model and participatory design. Rehabilitation organizations are currently in transition; customer groups, financing, services, and the processes of rehabilitation centers are changing. The pressure for change challenges the centers to develop both their processes and facilities. There is a need for methods that support change management. Four participatory methods were developed: future workshop, change survey, multi-method assessment tool, and participatory design generator cards. They were tested and evaluated in three rehabilitation centers at the different phases of their change process. The developed methods were considered useful in creating a mutual understanding of the change goals between different stakeholders, providing a good picture of the work community's attitudes toward the change, forming an integrated overview of the built and perceived environment, inspiring new solutions, and supporting the management in steering the change process. The change process model described in this article serves as a practical framework that combined the viewpoints of organizational and facility development. However, participatory design continues to face challenges concerning communication between different stakeholders, and further development of the methods and processes is still needed. Intervention studies could provide data on the success factors that enhance the transformations in the rehabilitation sector. Design process, methodology, organizational transformation, planning, renovation.

  14. Revision of testing criteria for air cleaning unit of renovated APR-1000 and APR-1400 NPPS.

    PubMed

    Jeong, Seung-Young

    2011-07-01

    Designing Air Cleaning Units (ACU) of an Engineered Safety Feature and normal atmosphere clean-up system at the renovated APR-1000 and APR-1400 NPP, and fuel cycle facilities in Korea, is required to meet the standards of ASME AG-1 (1997), ASME N509/N510 (1989) and KEPIC-MH (2001) to enhance the removal efficiency of aerosols and particulates from the effluents. The revised ACU testing criteria are allowed to use alternative challenge agents of the dioctyl phthalate and Refrigerant-11 for in situ testing of high efficiency particulate air filters and adsorption banks. The operability testing time of engineered safety feature (ESF) trains was changed from 10 h to 15 min. The activated carbon in adsorption banks should undergo laboratory tests at a temperature of 30 °C and relative humidity 95 %. The removal criteria of methyl iodide should be over 99.5 % for ESF and 99 % for normal systems. This paper provides the background of the changed criteria for designing and testing of the ACU system in nuclear facilities.

  15. [Dynamic morbidity of children as a evaluation criterion for renovation of aluminum manufacturing industries].

    PubMed

    Gurvich, V B; Plotko, E G; Seliankina, K P; Nadeenko, V G; Ryzhov, V V; Saĭchenko, S P; Veprintsev, V V

    2004-01-01

    Negative pollution effects from atmospheric discharges by aluminium facilities exerted on population health can be traced by the parameters of the reproductive function in women, physical development of newborns, general and differential morbidity of children aged below one year as well as by anthropometric signs in birth, morbidity of children and adults, mortality, including due to oncology. The introduction of modern technologies including the preliminarily fire anode treatment and the use of highly effective methods of purification of industrial wastes cut the concentration (in atmospheric air) of anhydrous hydrogen fluoride and of solid fluorides as well as of aluminium to maximum permissible concentration; it also essentially reduced the content of benzapilene. A better atmospheric air observed yet in the course of renovation contributed to a lower morbidity of children, aged below one year, as well as to the prevalence of diseases affecting the eyes, respiratory and digestive organs, skin and subcutaneous cellular tissue; it also cuts the number of congenital anomalies versus the data obtained in a neighboring district.

  16. Thermal and flow analyses of the Nuclear Materials Storage Facility Renovation Title I 60% design

    SciTech Connect

    Knight, T.D.; Steinke, R.G.; Mueller, C.

    1998-08-01

    The authors are continuing to use the computational fluid dynamics code CFX-4.2 to evaluate the steady-state thermal-hydraulic conditions in the Nuclear Material Storage Facility Renovation Title 1 60% Design. The analyses build on those performed for the 30% design. They have run an additional 9 cases to investigate both the performance of the passive vault and of an individual drywell. These cases investigated the effect of wind on the inlet tower, the importance of resolving boundary layers in the analyses, and modifications to the porous-medium approach used in the earlier analyses to represent better the temperature fields resulting from the detailed modeling of the boundary layers. The difference between maximum temperatures of the bulk air inside the vault for the two approaches is small. They continued the analyses of the wind effects around the inflector fixture, a canopy and cruciform device, on the inlet tower by running a case with the wind blowing diagonally across the inflector. The earlier analyses had investigated a wind that was blowing parallel to one set of vanes on the inflector. Several subcases for these analyses investigated coupling the analysis to the facility analysis and design changes for the inflector.

  17. Renovating the Pyramid of Needs: Contemporary Extensions Built Upon Ancient Foundations.

    PubMed

    Kenrick, Douglas T; Griskevicius, Vladas; Neuberg, Steven L; Schaller, Mark

    2010-05-01

    Maslow's pyramid of human needs, proposed in 1943, has been one of the most cognitively contagious ideas in the behavioral sciences. Anticipating later evolutionary views of human motivation and cognition, Maslow viewed human motives as based in innate and universal predispositions. We revisit the idea of a motivational hierarchy in light of theoretical developments at the interface of evolutionary biology, anthropology, and psychology. After considering motives at three different levels of analysis, we argue that the basic foundational structure of the pyramid is worth preserving, but that it should be buttressed with a few architectural extensions. By adding a contemporary design feature, connections between fundamental motives and immediate situational threats and opportunities should be highlighted. By incorporating a classical element, these connections can be strengthened by anchoring the hierarchy of human motives more firmly in the bedrock of modern evolutionary theory. We propose a renovated hierarchy of fundamental motives that serves as both an integrative framework and a generative foundation for future empirical research. © The Author(s) 2010.

  18. Effects of moisture damage and renovation on microbial conditions and pupils' health in two schools--a longitudinal analysis of five years.

    PubMed

    Lignell, Ulla; Meklin, Teija; Putus, Tuula; Rintala, Helena; Vepsäläinen, Asko; Kalliokoski, Pentti; Nevalainen, Aino

    2007-03-01

    Airborne microbes and pupils' symptoms were monitored in a moisture-damaged (index) school and a reference school for five consecutive years. These surveys were carried out in two separate years before the renovation of the index school, during the renovation, and one and two years after the renovation. Microbial concentrations were higher in the index school than those in the reference school before and during renovation, but afterwards, the levels decreased to the level of the reference school. The effect of remediation was seen as an altered mycobiota in the index school. Year-to-year variation of microbial concentrations, probably due to climatic factors, caused a peak in both schools but their difference remained. Several symptoms were more prevalent in the moisture-damaged school than in the reference school, but the differences disappeared during the renovations. These results emphasize the importance of using a reference building in assessing the microbial conditions of a moisture damaged building. Furthermore, microbial concentrations reflected well the technical condition of the construction, but the reported symptoms of the occupants did not strictly follow the timely fluctuation in microbial conditions.

  19. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 7, Estimate data

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. This report is organized according to the sections and subsections outlined by Attachment III-2 of DOE Document AL 4700.1, Project Management System. It is organized into seven parts. This document, Part VII - Estimate Data, contains the project cost estimate information.

  20. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 1, Design concept. Part 2, Project management

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. This document provides Part I - Design Concept which describes the selected solution, and Part II - Project Management which describes the management system organization, the elements that make up the system, and the control and reporting system.

  1. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 6, Alternatives study

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for material and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. This report is organized according to the sections and subsections outlined by Attachment 111-2 of DOE Document AL 4700.1, Project Management System. It is organized into seven parts. This document, Part VI - Alternatives Study, presents a study of the different storage/containment options considered for NMSF.

  2. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 3, Supplemental information

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. It is organized into seven parts. Part I - Design Concept describes the selected solution. Part III - Supplemental Information contains calculations for the various disciplines as well as other supporting information and analyses.

  3. Shipboard Analytical Capabilities on the Renovated JOIDES Resolution, IODP Riserless Drilling Vessel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blum, P.; Foster, P.; Houpt, D.; Bennight, C.; Brandt, L.; Cobine, T.; Crawford, W.; Fackler, D.; Fujine, K.; Hastedt, M.; Hornbacher, D.; Mateo, Z.; Moortgat, E.; Vasilyev, M.; Vasilyeva, Y.; Zeliadt, S.; Zhao, J.

    2008-12-01

    The JOIDES Resolution (JR) has conducted 121 scientific drilling expeditions during the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) and the first phase of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) (1983-2006). The vessel and scientific systems have just completed an NSF-sponsored renovation (2005-2008). Shipboard analytical systems have been upgraded, within funding constraints imposed by market driven vessel conversion cost increases, to include: (1) enhanced shipboard analytical services including instruments and software for sampling and the capture of chemistry, physical properties, and geological data; (2) new data management capabilities built around a laboratory information management system (LIMS), digital asset management system, and web services; (3) operations data services with enhanced access to navigation and rig instrumentation data; and (4) a combination of commercial and home-made user applications for workflow- specific data extractions, generic and customized data reporting, and data visualization within a shipboard production environment. The instrumented data capture systems include a new set of core loggers for rapid and non-destructive acquisition of images and other physical properties data from drill cores. Line-scan imaging and natural gamma ray loggers capture data at unprecedented quality due to new and innovative designs. Many instruments used to characterize chemical compounds of rocks, sediments, and interstitial fluids were upgraded with the latest technology. The shipboard analytical environment features a new and innovative framework (DESCinfo) and application (DESClogik) for capturing descriptive and interpretive data from geological sub-domains such as sedimentology, petrology, paleontology, structural geology, stratigraphy, etc. This system fills a long-standing gap by providing a global database, controlled vocabularies and taxa name lists with version control, a highly configurable spreadsheet environment for data capture, and

  4. WITS-HEX: A renovated code for analysis of PIXE X-ray spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lipworth, A. D.; Annegarn, H. J.; Bauman, S.; Molokomme, T.; Walker, A. J.

    1990-04-01

    The code REX [H.C. Kaufmann and K.R. Akselsson, Adv. X-ray Anal. 18 (1975) 353] and its successor, HEX were developed at Florida State University and University of Lund in the early seventies for quantitative reduction of PIXE spectra. HEX modelled many of the physical processes, including target self-absorption. Lack of adequate documentation and several inherent software related problems hampered widespread adoption and further development. HEX was designed using a hierarchical functional design approach, coded in FORTRAN IV. Its element library and request list are tightly constrained. ANSI standard FORTRAN provides few structured constructs, nor does it support dynamic data structures. HEX has a batch mode of interaction which affords minimal (interim) user interactions. To overcome these limitations we have modernised the program to run on IBM PC compatible computers by using object-oriented design techniques, documented in Program Description Language (pseudo-code) and implemented in a modern programming language, Pascal. Turbo Pascal 5.5 provides an integrated program development environment, a high resolution graphics library, an operating system interface and many software development tools to improve programmer productivity. A menu-based highly interactive screen management library is used for the user interface. A demonstration version is available for user evaluation. Further rigorous testing and the development of user acquired spectra interfacing code will be developed before the first release. The renovated code, WITS-HEX, has extracted the intellectual value embodied in HEX. It will be inherently more stable, reliable, versatile, maintainable and easy to use to facilitate future process modifications.

  5. Design Problems With Renovating And Adapting An Old Mill On The Example Of The Execution Of An Original Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grzonka, Aleksandra

    2015-12-01

    Nowadays, postindustrial areas and buildings are becoming more and more valuable. Very popular are those with special historical and architectural values, which are additionally located in large cities. The situation of those possessing fewer attributes encouraging their adaptation is worse. Sometimes, however, there are reasons why a decision is made to invest in such buildings despite the many difficulties connected with the implementation of these investments. This situation was presented on the example of the renovation and adaptation of an old electric mill in Łaziec into a restaurant.

  6. Renovating the built environment for dementia care: lessons learned at the Lodge at Broadmead in Victoria, British Columbia.

    PubMed

    Gnaedinger, Nancy; Robinson, Janice; Sudbury, Fiona; Dutchak, Merv

    2007-01-01

    Major renovations were carried out in occupied dementia care units at the Lodge at Broadmead, Victoria, British Columbia. A 32-bed lodge was divided into two, requiring the relocation of three sets of doors. Home-like kitchens and living and dining rooms were built and furnished in each unit. A silent resident call system was installed. Nursing stations were moved off the unit. Murals added atmosphere and camouflaged exit doors. The process, while challenging, was successful due to comprehensive planning, careful phasing, the contractor's daily presence, the education of construction workers about residents, constant communication among key people and cooperation of lodge staff. Preliminary results are positive.

  7. Addressing Lead-Based Paint Hazards During Renovation, Remodeling, and Rehabilitation in Federally Owned and Assisted Housing. Student Manual for Use in HUD-Sponsored Lead-Safe Work Practices Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC.

    This student manual comprises the United States Environmental Protection Agency's model renovation training course designed for renovation, remodeling, and painting contractors. It provides information regarding the containment, minimization, and cleanup of lead hazards during activities that disturb lead painted surfaces. Introductory material…

  8. Association between maternal exposure to housing renovation and offspring with congenital heart disease: a multi-hospital case–control study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most prevalent birth defects. Housing renovations are a newly recognized source of indoor environmental pollution that is detrimental to health. A growing body of research suggests that maternal occupational exposure to renovation materials may be associated with an increased risk of giving birth to fetuses with CHD. However, the effect of indoor housing renovation exposure on CHD occurrence has not been reported. Methods A multi-hospital case–control study was designed to investigate the association between maternal periconceptional housing renovation exposure and the risk of CHD for offspring. In total, 346 cases and 408 controls were enrolled in this study from four hospitals in China. Exposure information was based on a questionnaire given to women during pregnancy. The association between housing renovation exposure and CHD occurrence was assessed by estimating odds ratios (OR) with logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders. Results The risk for CHD in offspring was significantly associated with maternal exposure to housing renovations (AOR: 1.89, 95% CI: 1.29-2.77). There were similar risks for cardiac defects with or without extra-cardiac malformation (AOR of 2.65 and 1.76, respectively). Maternal housing renovation exposure may increase the fetus’ risk of suffering from conotruncal defect or anomalous venous return. There were significant risks for cardiac defects if the pregnant woman moved into a new house within one month after decoration at either 3 months before pregnancy (AOR: 2.38, 95% CI: 1.03 to 5.48) or during first trimester (AOR: 4.00, 95% CI: 1.62 to 9.86). Conclusions Maternal exposure to housing renovations may have an increased risk of giving birth to fetuses with some selected types of CHD. This relationship was stronger for women who moved into a newly decorated house. However, considering the limited number of subjects and the problem of multiple exposures

  9. Airborne (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan and airway disease in a day-care center before and after renovation.

    PubMed

    Rylander, R

    1997-01-01

    Changes in symptoms and airway responsiveness among persons who worked in a day-care center that had microbial growth problems were assessed before and after renovation. Before and after the building renovation, the investigators used the Limulus assay with (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan-specific lysate to measure airborne levels of (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan, a cell-wall component of molds. Airway responsiveness and subjective symptoms were measured among 14 female employees with a methacholine test and a standardized questionnaire. After the renovation, (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan-glucan levels decreased from 11.4 to 1.4 ng/m3. The number of persons who had increased airway responsiveness decreased after the renovation. Two employees developed a classical allergy to cat and pollen during the observation period. Although the study included only a few subjects and was based on only one day-care center, the data suggest that (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan may be related to airways inflammation caused by indoor air pollution.

  10. The Boston Schoolyard Initiative: A Study of Its Schoolyard Renovations--Disseminating Lessons Learned from a Case Study Analysis of a Successful Active Space Redevelopment Program. Program Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakashian, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Researchers in the Boston University Department of Environmental Health conducted a case study of the Boston Schoolyard Initiative, a project that provides funds and technical support to community groups dedicated to renovating schoolyards in Boston. Researchers described the process by which the Boston Schoolyard Initiative came into being and…

  11. Petropower energia project under way in Chile promises refiner better economics at lower cost

    SciTech Connect

    1996-12-31

    Construction of the Republic of Chile`s first public/private industrial partnership project is well under way. Ground was broken for the $232-million Petropower Energia Limitada project early this year, shortly after the final contract between the parties - Foster Wheeler Power Systems, Inc. (FWPS); Petrox S.A. Refineria de Petroleo and Empresa Nacional del Petroleo (ENAP) - was signed. The Petropower project, located adjacent to Petrox`s 84,000-b/d refinery in Talcahuano, represents the first project ever to combine petroleum coking technology with cogeneration technology in a single project financing. Petropower is 85% owned by FWPS, 7.5% by ENAP, the Chilean national oil company and parent of Petrox S.A. When completed in mid-1998, the Petropower project will enable Petrox to refine heavier crudes and enhance the refinery`s flexibility and economics. The project will consist of a delayed coking facility (a 12,000-b/d delayed coking unit and a 7,000-b/d hydrotreating plant) and a 67-MW (59 MW net) cogeneration plant. The coke produced will fuel a Foster Wheeler proprietary-design circulating fluidized-bed (CFB) boiler which will generate all the high-pressure steam and electric power needs of the Petrox refinery. This unit will be the first circulating fluidized-bed boiler to be built in Latin America. The cogeneration facility, using limestone as a reagent and equipped with a baghouse, will control SO{sub x} emissions from combustion of the green coke fuel and easily meet all Chilean environmental standards. Moreover, by constructing the cogeneration facility, Petrox will not have to proceed with capital improvements to existing facilities to ensure a reliable source of steam and electricity, resulting in substantial savings for Petrox. The cogeneration plant provides a permanent {open_quotes}disposal{close_quotes} for all coke produced by the delayed coker, thereby solving any future problems of unwanted or excess coke.

  12. Breadboard wash water renovation system. [using ferric chloride and ion exchange resins to remove soap and dissolved salts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1978-01-01

    A total wash water renovation system concept was developed for removing objectionable materials from spacecraft wash water in order to make the water reusable. The breadboard model system described provides for pretreatment with ferric chloride to remove soap by chemical precipitation, carbon adsorption to remove trace dissolved organics, and ion exchange for removal of dissolved salts. The entire system was put into continuous operation and carefully monitored to assess overall efficiency and equipment maintenance problems that could be expected in actual use. In addition, the capacity of the carbon adsorbers and the ion-exchange resin was calculated and taken into consideration in the final evaluation of the system adequacy. The product water produced was well within the Tentative Wash Water Standards with regard to total organic carbon, conductivity, urea content, sodium chloride content, color, odor, and clarity.

  13. Volatile organic compounds and some very volatile organic compounds in new and recently renovated buildings in Switzerland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rothweiler, Heinz; Wäger, Patrick A.; Schlatter, Christian

    Indoor air in new of recently renovated buildings was analysed by using different sorbents and analytical methods. Increased values of total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) were found on Tenax TA (1.6-31.7 mg m -3). Compared to older buildings, the amount of oxygen-containing compounds (aldehydes, ketones, alcohols) especially was elevated. High hexanal concentrations were measured in a significant amount of the houses. Differences of compound patterns were found from building to building. Complaints about discomfort and negative health effects are expected due to volatile organic compounds (VOC) and very volatile organic compounds (VVOC), as well as from low natural ventilation rates in some newly occupied buildings. Odorous compounds (naphthalene, higher aldehydes and alcohols, capronic acid, etc.) were found mainly, but some irritants and suspected sensitizing agents were also found. At the present state of our investigation chemicals causing other known toxic effects do not seem to increase the toxic risk substantially.

  14. A modified operational sequence methodology for zoo exhibit design and renovation: conceptualizing animals, staff, and visitors as interdependent coworkers.

    PubMed

    Kelling, Nicholas J; Gaalema, Diann E; Kelling, Angela S

    2014-01-01

    Human factors analyses have been used to improve efficiency and safety in various work environments. Although generally limited to humans, the universality of these analyses allows for their formal application to a much broader domain. This paper outlines a model for the use of human factors to enhance zoo exhibits and optimize spaces for all user groups; zoo animals, zoo visitors, and zoo staff members. Zoo exhibits are multi-faceted and each user group has a distinct set of requirements that can clash or complement each other. Careful analysis and a reframing of the three groups as interdependent coworkers can enhance safety, efficiency, and experience for all user groups. This paper details a general creation and specific examples of the use of the modified human factors tools of function allocation, operational sequence diagram and needs assessment. These tools allow for adaptability and ease of understanding in the design or renovation of exhibits. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Office of Inspector General report on audit of renovation and new construction projects at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    1997-06-05

    The Oakland Operations Office (Oakland) is responsible for acquiring facilities needed to satisfy mission needs and to do so at the least cost to the Department of Energy (Department). The objective of the audit was to determine if proposed renovation and new construction projects at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore) met mission needs while minimizing cost to the Government. In pursuing three projects, estimated to cost over $78 million, Livermore had not demonstrated that it had selected the best alternatives for meeting the Department`s needs while minimizing cost. Livermore was able to pursue these projects because Oakland did not ensure that the laboratory had performed cost and benefit analyses of all alternatives. Further, Oakland did not establish benchmarks to assess the reasonableness of the total costs of designing, constructing, and managing these projects. As a result, it was likely that the Department was spending more than necessary on renovation and new construction projects at Livermore. Although the projects met mission needs, it was recommended that the Manager, Oakland: (1) require Livermore to perform analyses of expected costs and benefits for alternatives; (2) evaluate the adequacy of Livermore`s cost and benefit analyses of alternatives; (3) establish benchmarks based on industry and other government agency cost data to assess the reasonableness of Livermore`s total design, construction, and project management costs; and (4) select the alternative that meets established needs at the least cost to the Government. Oakland agreed with the recommendations and will implement them starting with the Fiscal Year 1999 project submission and validation.

  16. Decrease in Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus Colonization After Extensive Renovation of a Unit Dedicated to the Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies and Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Ford, Clyde D; Gazdik Stofer, Michaela A; Coombs, Jana; Lopansri, Bert K; Webb, Brandon J; Motyckova, Gabriela; Petersen, Finn Bo

    2017-09-01

    OBJECTIVE While a direct relation between hospital construction and concomitant infection rates has been clearly established, few data are available regarding the environmental decontamination effects of renovation in which surfaces are replaced and regarding subsequent infection incidence. DESIGN Retrospective clinical study with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) molecular strain typing and environmental cultures. SETTING A regional referral center for acute leukemia and hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation. PATIENTS Overall, 536 consecutive hospital admissions for newly diagnosed acute leukemia or a first autologous or allogeneic stem-cell transplantation were reviewed. INTERVENTION During 2009-2010, our unit underwent complete remodeling including replacement of all surfaces. We assessed the effects of this construction on the incidence of hospital-acquired VRE colonization before, during, and after the renovation. RESULTS We observed a sharp decrease in VRE colonization rates (hazard ratio, <0.23; 95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.44; P<.0001) during the first year after the renovation, with a return to near baseline rates thereafter. The known risk factors for VRE colonization appeared to be stable over the study interval. Environmental cultures outside of patient rooms revealed several contaminated areas that are commonly touched by unit personnel. Multilocus sequence typing of VRE isolates that were cryopreserved over the study interval showed that dominant strains prior to construction disappeared and were replaced by other strains after the renovation. CONCLUSIONS Unit reconstruction interrupted endemic transmission of VRE, which resumed with novel strains upon reopening. Contamination of environmental surfaces and shared equipment may play an important role in endemic transmission of VRE. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;38:1055-1061.

  17. Characterization of the variation of carbonyl compounds concentrations before, during, and after the renovation of an apartment at Niterói, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Ochs, Soraya de Mendonça; Furtado, Leonardo de Almeida; Cerqueira, Wildson Vieira; Pereira Netto, Annibal Duarte

    2016-08-01

    The present work reports the variation of 31 carbonyl compounds (CC) in an apartment located at Niterói City, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Eight sampling campaigns were conducted through a 1-year period, and three areas (living room, kitchen, and bedroom) were evaluated before, during, and after the renovation activities and reoccupation of the apartment. Samples were collected using SEP-PAK cartridges impregnated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine, and the hydrazones were analyzed using rapid resolution liquid chromatography with UV detection. The lowest total concentration of CC (19.0 ± 1.5 μg m(-3)) was found before the renovation when the apartment was empty, but door varnishing resulted in highest contamination of the apartment (1386 ± 384 μg m(-3)); however, an important dispersion of CC was observed in the subsequent sampling (148 ± 1.8 μg m(-3)). After apartment reoccupation, the indoor contamination seemed to depend on the routine activities taken there, such as household product use and cooking activities, but apparently, local temperature increase favored the vaporization of the volatile CC from the building materials in the apartment. As far as we are concerned, this is the first study comparing the concentrations of 31 CC in residential areas before, during, and after renovation activities taken in Brazil.

  18. Optimal Decision Model for Sustainable Hospital Building Renovation-A Case Study of a Vacant School Building Converting into a Community Public Hospital.

    PubMed

    Juan, Yi-Kai; Cheng, Yu-Ching; Perng, Yeng-Horng; Castro-Lacouture, Daniel

    2016-06-24

    Much attention has been paid to hospitals environments since modern pandemics have emerged. The building sector is considered to be the largest world energy consumer, so many global organizations are attempting to create a sustainable environment in building construction by reducing energy consumption. Therefore, maintaining high standards of hygiene while reducing energy consumption has become a major task for hospitals. This study develops a decision model based on genetic algorithms and A* graph search algorithms to evaluate existing hospital environmental conditions and to recommend an optimal scheme of sustainable renovation strategies, considering trade-offs among minimal renovation cost, maximum quality improvement, and low environmental impact. Reusing vacant buildings is a global and sustainable trend. In Taiwan, for example, more and more school space will be unoccupied due to a rapidly declining birth rate. Integrating medical care with local community elder-care efforts becomes important because of the aging population. This research introduces a model that converts a simulated vacant school building into a community public hospital renovation project in order to validate the solutions made by hospital managers and suggested by the system. The result reveals that the system performs well and its solutions are more successful than the actions undertaken by decision-makers. This system can improve traditional hospital building condition assessment while making it more effective and efficient.

  19. Unas opciones para muestras de la naturaleza

    Treesearch

    Frank H. Wadsworth

    2009-01-01

    La ciencia, incluso la de Puerto Rico, aprende de muestras, su interpretación y extrapolación a situaciones más extensas. Las muestras de la naturaleza de Puerto Rico: las del suelo, la hojarasca, la sombra, la biomasa, los árboles, las aves, los reptiles y anfibios, o los insectos caracterizan los ecosistemas. [article in Spanish

  20. Emissions concerns during renovation in the healthcare setting: asbestos abatement of floor tile and mastic in medical facilities.

    PubMed

    Racine, William P

    2010-07-01

    Healthcare facilities undergoing renovation have specific concerns that are exacerbated when the restoration requires asbestos abatement of aged floor tile and mastic. The current state of the art for removal of these materials involves manual removal of floor tile and chemical stripping of mastic. Utilization of these stripping chemicals is a concern for facilities whose perception is based on a safe, caring, and healthy environment. In this study, wet grinding is evaluated as an alternative to chemical stripping of asbestos-containing floor tile mastic. This study endeavors to answer the question; what is the difference between these two methodologies in terms of their operational efficacy and suitability in the healthcare setting. Wet grinding and chemical stripping are evaluated in a side-by-side comparison using a mixed methods approach. The data shows that the methodologies are statistically similar in terms of their cost and emissions data. The data indicates that the benefits associated with the wet grinding method offer advantages that are not present using the chemical stripping method. This study also demonstrates that wet grinding is a viable alternative to chemical stripping especially in healthcare facilities. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Renovation and Reconstruction of a Neoclassical Building on the Example of a Public City Library in Nowa Sól

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kucharczyk, Anna

    2016-09-01

    The building of the Nowa Sól public library is located on Bankowa Street, in the Lubuskie Voivodeship. The new seat of the library has been here since 2011; it had previously been located in the building on Parafialna and Szkolna Streets, which did not comply with the requirements of a comfortable library and reading room. Renovations and reconstructions of this neoclassical building began in 2007 and took four years to finish. Over the years, the century- old building had changed, its function - from a residential villa, to a children's hospital, and finally, a clinic for children. During construction works, rib and slab (Ackerman) floors were changed to concrete slabs with higher load-bearing strength and roof truss system replaced to accordingly to the original design. A new lift was built, and the library reading rooms and archives were expanded. The building also gained a new facade as well as new wooden windows and doors. The entire building is surrounded by a park.

  2. Evolutionary renovation of L/M opsin polymorphism confers a fruit discrimination advantage to ateline New World monkeys

    PubMed Central

    Matsumoto, Yoshifumi; Hiramatsu, Chihiro; Matsushita, Yuka; Ozawa, Norihiro; Ashino, Ryuichi; Nakata, Makiko; Kasagi, Satoshi; Di Fiore, Anthony; Schaffner, Colleen M; Aureli, Filippo; Melin, Amanda D; Kawamura, Shoji

    2014-01-01

    New World monkeys exhibit prominent colour vision variation due to allelic polymorphism of the long-to-middle wavelength (L/M) opsin gene. The known spectral variation of L/M opsins in primates is broadly determined by amino acid composition at three sites: 180, 277 and 285 (the ‘three-sites’ rule). However, two L/M opsin alleles found in the black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) are known exceptions, presumably due to novel mutations. The spectral separation of the two L/M photopigments is 1.5 times greater than expected based on the ‘three-sites’ rule. Yet the consequence of this for the visual ecology of the species is unknown, as is the evolutionary mechanism by which spectral shift was achieved. In this study, we first examine L/M opsins of two other Atelinae species, the long-haired spider monkeys (A. belzebuth) and the common woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha). By a series of site-directed mutagenesis, we show that a mutation Y213D (tyrosine to aspartic acid at site 213) in the ancestral opsin of the two alleles enabled N294K, which occurred in one allele of the ateline ancestor and increased the spectral separation between the two alleles. Second, by modelling the chromaticity of dietary fruits and background leaves in a natural habitat of spider monkeys, we demonstrate that chromatic discrimination of fruit from leaves is significantly enhanced by these mutations. This evolutionary renovation of L/M opsin polymorphism in atelines illustrates a previously unappreciated dynamism of opsin genes in shaping primate colour vision. PMID:24612406

  3. Evolutionary renovation of L/M opsin polymorphism confers a fruit discrimination advantage to ateline New World monkeys.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Yoshifumi; Hiramatsu, Chihiro; Matsushita, Yuka; Ozawa, Norihiro; Ashino, Ryuichi; Nakata, Makiko; Kasagi, Satoshi; Di Fiore, Anthony; Schaffner, Colleen M; Aureli, Filippo; Melin, Amanda D; Kawamura, Shoji

    2014-04-01

    New World monkeys exhibit prominent colour vision variation due to allelic polymorphism of the long-to-middle wavelength (L/M) opsin gene. The known spectral variation of L/M opsins in primates is broadly determined by amino acid composition at three sites: 180, 277 and 285 (the 'three-sites' rule). However, two L/M opsin alleles found in the black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) are known exceptions, presumably due to novel mutations. The spectral separation of the two L/M photopigments is 1.5 times greater than expected based on the 'three-sites' rule. Yet the consequence of this for the visual ecology of the species is unknown, as is the evolutionary mechanism by which spectral shift was achieved. In this study, we first examine L/M opsins of two other Atelinae species, the long-haired spider monkeys (A. belzebuth) and the common woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha). By a series of site-directed mutagenesis, we show that a mutation Y213D (tyrosine to aspartic acid at site 213) in the ancestral opsin of the two alleles enabled N294K, which occurred in one allele of the ateline ancestor and increased the spectral separation between the two alleles. Second, by modelling the chromaticity of dietary fruits and background leaves in a natural habitat of spider monkeys, we demonstrate that chromatic discrimination of fruit from leaves is significantly enhanced by these mutations. This evolutionary renovation of L/M opsin polymorphism in atelines illustrates a previously unappreciated dynamism of opsin genes in shaping primate colour vision. © 2014 The Authors. Molecular Ecology Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Implementation of China`s three synchronizations policy: Case studies of wastewater treatment measures at new and renovated factories

    SciTech Connect

    Sinkule, B.J.

    1994-03-01

    The Three Synchronizations Policy requires that the design, construction, and operation of a new factory, or an existing factory that expands or changes production processes, be synchronized with the design, construction and operation of appropriate waste treatment facilities. Under this policy, when a new factory is designed, wastewater treatment facilities must be included as part of the overall factory design: when the factory is constructed, the wastewater treatment facilities must be constructed along with construction of the production facilities; and finally, when the factory begins to operate, the waste treatment facilities must begin operation as well. This research includes case studies of wastewater treatment measures at sixteen factories in the Pearl River Delta Region of China. Implementation of the Three Synchronizations Policy is examined in detail for two of the factories: Fengfu Weaving and Dyeing Plant and Zhongguan Printing and Dyeing Plant. The results of this research suggest that the Three Synchronizations Policy has been an effective means of forcing new and renovated factories to comply with wastewater discharge standards, mainly because the Three Synchronizations Policy gives environmental protection bureaus authority to regulate at each step of a new industrial facility`s development. In practice, this authority has been exercised through formalizing the {open_quotes}synchronizations{close_quotes} into a management system with specific regulatory requirements, each of which requires EPB approval. EPBs ran stall operation by withholding its approval of certification of a factory`s wastewater treatment facilities; EPBs also use fines and limited time treatment orders to enforce the Three Synchronizations Policy. The research results demonstrate that the Three Synchronizations Policy was more important than the Pollutant Discharge Fee Program in motivating existing factories to build wastewater treatment facilities.

  5. Renovated, repurposed, and still “one sweet library”: a case study on loss of space from the Health Sciences and Human Services Library, University of Maryland, Baltimore

    PubMed Central

    Tooey, Mary Joan (M.J.)

    2010-01-01

    Setting: The Health Sciences and Human Services Library (HS/HSL), University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), is located in an urban environment on the west side of downtown Baltimore. Founded in 1813, the library opened its current building in 1998 and is one of the largest health sciences libraries in the United States, with 6 floors and over 180,000 gross square and 118,000 net assignable square feet (NASF). Project: The initial discussions in late 2005 involved moving campus offices into the library. Almost immediately, it was recognized that a much larger renovation was needed due to the scope of the work. The vice president for academic affairs, the library executive director, and campus planners agreed that if the renovation was done thoughtfully, multiple needs could be met, including new office spaces, better user spaces, and synergy with the new campus center being built next door. Planning: The planning, design, and construction process was multifaceted and on a fast track. Although the final piece of the renovation was completed in June 2009, the majority of the planning, design, and construction took place between March 2006 and June 2008. All tenants were involved with office design. Library staff were involved in designing the public spaces and planning the strategy for weeding and shifting. Outcomes: Approximately 8,000 NASF was reallocated to new office space from shelving space, amounting to approximately 6.7% of the building NASF and approximately 10.6% of the public space in the building. The majority of new offices in the building report to the same vice president and are student focused and service oriented, with similar missions to that of the library resulting in a very harmonious cohabitation. Additional units with these missions and reporting structure are located in the new campus center, creating a synergy between the two buildings. PMID:20098653

  6. Indoor air particles and bioaerosols before and after renovation of moisture-damaged buildings: the effect on biological activity and microbial flora.

    PubMed

    Huttunen, Kati; Rintala, Helena; Hirvonen, Maija-Riitta; Vepsäläinen, Asko; Hyvärinen, Anne; Meklin, Teija; Toivola, Mika; Nevalainen, Aino

    2008-07-01

    Many building-related health problems coincide with moisture damage and mold growth within a building. Their elimination is assumed to improve indoor air quality. The aim of this study was to follow the success of remediation in two individual buildings by analyzing the microbial flora and immunotoxicological activity of filter samples. We compare results from samples collected from indoor air in the moisture-damaged buildings before and after renovation and results from matched reference buildings and outdoor air. The microbial characteristics of the samples were studied by analyzing ergosterol content and determining the composition of fungal flora with quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR). In addition, the concentrations of particles were monitored with optical particle counter (OPC). The immunotoxicological activity of collected particle samples was tested by exposing mouse macrophages (RAW264.7) for 24 h to particle suspension extracted from the filters, and measuring the viability of the exposed cells (MTT-test) and production of inflammatory mediators (nitric oxide, IL-6 and TNF*) in cell culture medium by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA). The results show that for Location 1 the renovation decreased the immunotoxicological activity of the particles collected from damaged building, whereas no difference was detected in the corresponding samples collected from the reference building. Interestingly, only slight differences were seen in the concentration of fungi. In the Location 2, a decrease was seen in the concentration of fungi after the renovation, whereas no effect on the immunotoxicological responses was detected. In this case, the immunotoxicological responses to the indoor air samples were almost identical to those caused by the samples from outdoor air. This indicates that the effects of remediation on the indoor air quality may not necessarily be readily measurable either with microbial or toxicological parameters. This may be associated

  7. The effect of renovation of long-term temperate grassland on N2O emissions and N leaching from contrasting soils.

    PubMed

    Krol, D J; Jones, M B; Williams, M; Richards, K G; Bourdin, F; Lanigan, G J

    2016-08-01

    Renovation of long-term grassland is associated with a peak in soil organic N mineralisation which, coupled with diminished plant N uptake can lead to large gaseous and leaching N losses. This study reports on the effect of ploughing and subsequent N fertilisation on the N2O emissions and DON/NO3(-) leaching, and evaluates the impact of ploughing technique on the magnitude and profile of N losses. This study was carried out on isolated grassland lysimeters of three Irish soils representing contrasting drainage properties (well-drained Clonakilty, moderately-drained Elton and poorly-drained Rathangan). Lysimeters were manually ploughed simulating conventional (CT) and minimum tillage (MT) as two treatments. Renovation of grassland increased N2O flux to a maximum of 0.9kgN2O-Nha(-1) from poorly-drained soil over four days after treatment. Although there was no difference between CT and MT in the post-ploughing period, the treatment influenced subsequent N2O after fertiliser applications. Fertilisation remained the major driver of N losses therefore reducing fertilisation rate post-planting to account for N mineralised through grassland renovation could reduce the losses in medium to longer term. Leaching was a significant loss pathway, with the cumulative drainage volume and N leached highly influenced by soil type. Overall, the total N losses (N2O+N leached) were lowest from poorly and moderately draining soil and highest for the well draining soil, reflecting the dominance of leaching on total N losses and the paramount importance of soil properties. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Scaffoldings Used During The Renovation Of The Metropolitan Cathedral Of St. John The Baptist And St. John The Evangelist In Lublin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pieńko, Michał; Robak, Aleksander; Błazik-Borowa, Ewa

    2015-12-01

    This article describes three cases of scaffolding use as a structure for carrying out a renovation work at the Cathedral in Lublin. In order to achieve optimum access to the object, one used modular scaffolding. This type of scaffold is able to expand in any direction. In addition to the typical use, the scaffold was used as temporary roofing which allowed conducting the work during the winter. Monuments require a detailed approach to the problem of scaffolding. Despite the short period of use we should pay particular attention to the possibility of anchoring scaffoldings. Performing static calculation allows minimizing the number of anchors and used elements.

  9. Data of cost-optimal solutions and retrofit design methods for school renovation in a warm climate.

    PubMed

    Zacà, Ilaria; Tornese, Giuliano; Baglivo, Cristina; Congedo, Paolo Maria; D'Agostino, Delia

    2016-12-01

    "Efficient Solutions and Cost-Optimal Analysis for Existing School Buildings" (Paolo Maria Congedo, Delia D'Agostino, Cristina Baglivo, Giuliano Tornese, Ilaria Zacà) [1] is the paper that refers to this article. It reports the data related to the establishment of several variants of energy efficient retrofit measures selected for two existing school buildings located in the Mediterranean area. In compliance with the cost-optimal analysis described in the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and its guidelines (EU, Directive, EU 244,) [2], [3], these data are useful for the integration of renewable energy sources and high performance technical systems for school renovation. The data of cost-efficient high performance solutions are provided in tables that are explained within the following sections. The data focus on the describe school refurbishment sector to which European policies and investments are directed. A methodological approach already used in previous studies about new buildings is followed (Baglivo Cristina, Congedo Paolo Maria, D׳Agostino Delia, Zacà Ilaria, 2015; IlariaZacà, Delia D'Agostino, Paolo Maria Congedo, Cristina Baglivo; Baglivo Cristina, Congedo Paolo Maria, D'Agostino Delia, Zacà Ilaria, 2015; Ilaria Zacà, Delia D'Agostino, Paolo Maria Congedo, Cristina Baglivo, 2015; Paolo Maria Congedo, Cristina Baglivo, IlariaZacà, Delia D'Agostino,2015) [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]. The files give the cost-optimal solutions for a kindergarten (REF1) and a nursery (REF2) school located in Sanarica and Squinzano (province of Lecce Southern Italy). The two reference buildings differ for construction period, materials and systems. The eleven tables provided contain data about the localization of the buildings, geometrical features and thermal properties of the envelope, as well as the energy efficiency measures related to walls, windows, heating, cooling, dhw and renewables. Output values of energy consumption, gas emission and costs are given for a

  10. The Physical Activity and Redesigned Community Spaces (PARCS) Study: Protocol of a natural experiment to investigate the impact of citywide park redesign and renovation.

    PubMed

    Huang, Terry T K; Wyka, Katarzyna E; Ferris, Emily B; Gardner, Jennifer; Evenson, Kelly R; Tripathi, Devanshi; Soto, Gabriel Martinez; Cato, Matthew S; Moon, Jon; Wagner, Julia; Dorn, Joan M; Catellier, Diane J; Thorpe, Lorna E

    2016-11-14

    The built environment plays a critical role in promoting physical activity and health. The association between parks, as a key attribute of the built environment, and physical activity, however, remains inconclusive. This project leverages a natural experiment opportunity to assess the impact of the Community Parks Initiative (CPI), a citywide park redesign and renovation effort in New York City, on physical activity, park usage, psychosocial and mental health, and community wellbeing. The project will use a longitudinal design with matched controls. Thirty intervention park neighborhoods are socio-demographically matched to 20 control park neighborhoods. The study will investigate whether improvements in physical activity, park usage, psychosocial and mental health, and community wellbeing are observed from baseline to 3 years post-renovation among residents in intervention vs. control neighborhoods. This study represents a rare opportunity to provide robust evidence to further our understanding of the complex relationship between parks and health. Findings will inform future investments in health-oriented urban design policies and offer evidence for addressing health disparities through built environment strategies.

  11. La teoria economica y el enfoque Box-Jenkins en la modelizacion de la demanda de productos energeticos: el fuel-oil y la energia electrica en Espana

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia-Pardo, Maria Jimena

    Esta tesis trata de integrar la teoria economica el enfoque box-jenkins del analisis de series temporales y un conjunto de datos de la economia espanola en un intento de elaborar modelos empiricos de demanda de productos energeticos con especial atencion a la deteccion y medicion de los efectos precio. Se analizan para ello las demandas de tres productos: la energia electrica el fuel - oil utilizado en las centrales termicas para la generacion de electricidad y el fuel - oil no termico. El periodo muestral es el comprendido entre enero de 1970 y diciembre de 1977.

  12. jcpenney retail renovation

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, Michael C.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Zhang, Jian; Ruiz, Kathleen A.; Wilburn, Matthew S.

    2011-06-30

    JC Penney is a partner with the DOE's Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) program, working with PNNL to explore energy design measures (EDMs) that may be applied to their building portfolio. A site in Colonial Heights, VA was chosen for a retrofit project; computer modeling predicts 45% improved energy performance compared to baseline operations. This case study reviews EDMs that were selected and their performance as of June 2011.

  13. District of Columbia: D.C. Public Schools Inappropriately Used Gas Utility Contract for Renovations. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on the District of Columbia, Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, David E.

    This report assesses the pace and quality of the District of Columbia's $1.3 billion multiyear effort to renovate and modernize its public schools. Findings reveal that the District of Columbia school system had mismanaged an area-wide utility contract for gas and energy management services between the General Services Administration and the…

  14. A Cautionary Analysis of a Billion Dollar Athletic Expenditure: The History of the Renovation of California Memorial Stadium and the Construction of the Barclay Simpson Student Athlete High Performance Center. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.3.17

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummins, John

    2017-01-01

    This paper is a description and analysis of the history of the renovation of Memorial Stadium and the building of the Barclay Simpson Student Athlete High Performance Center (SAHPC) on the Berkeley campus, showing how incremental changes over time result in a much riskier and financially less viable project than originally anticipated. It…

  15. If It's Not on the Web, It Doesn't Exist at All: An Update or A Post-renovation Library Collection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lagerstrom, J.

    2010-10-01

    Ten years ago, Sarah Stevens-Rayburn and Ellen Bouton presented a paper entitled "If it's not on the Web, it doesn't exist at all: Electronic Information Resources — Myth and Reality." How much has changed since this paper was presented? The STScI Library is in a unique position to explore this question. In 2008, we underwent a massive renovation during which time our print collection was sequestered in a storage area for nine months. Our newly refurbished library had 30% less shelf space than the original. This prompted us to ask the questions "How much of it is online?" "Do we need to keep the print?" "How can we tie our print collection to online research tools?" and "How do different parts of our collection behave?"

  16. Renovation of Large-Panel Buildings in Context of Urban Renewal/ Remonty Budynków Wielkopłytowych, Jako Element Rewitalizacji Miast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ligęza, Wiesław

    2015-06-01

    The article presents issues connected with renovating multi-storey precast concrete buildings, resulting from the consequences of construction defects occurring over the course of the building process and use of the buildings, as well as design flaws and construction defects when insulating external partitions. Analyses and conclusions which stem from them cover issues of renovation in the light of: damage in the vertical and horizontal joints, damage to the connection of layers in three-layer load-bearing and curtain walls, the effect of the damage on the possibilities of carrying out functional modernization of residential units, the effect of the damage on the effectiveness of thermo-modernization - new problems related to faulty insulation W artykule przedstawiono zagadnienia remontowe w budynkach wielkopłytowych wynikające ze skutków wad budowlanych powstałych w czasie budowy i eksploatacji oraz wad projektowych i wykonawczych przy realizacji docieplenia przegród zewnętrznych. Analizy i wynikające z nich wnioski obejmują zagadnienia remontowe w świetle: uszkodzeń w złączach pionowych i poziomych, uszkodzeń połączenia warstw w ścianach trójwarstwowych nośnych i osłonowych, wpływu uszkodzeń na możliwości modernizacji funkcjonalnej lokali mieszkalnych, wpływu uszkodzeń na skuteczność termomodernizacji - nowe problemy w aspekcie źle wykonanego ocieplenia.

  17. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-04

    to increase the use of the new powerful launcher, " Energia ". He said Soviet launchers, predecessors to " Energia ", were available for service, but... renovated in 1971 and resumed activities with a capacity of 15,000 barrels a day. "Once the Iraqi-imposed war was launched, the flow of crude oil...manufacturing. He said that the refinery was once renovated in 1980, following the disruption of crude oil from the Naft Shahr region. He further

  18. Defense Energy Support Center Fact Book FY 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-21

    3 M 21 years Fort Monmouth, NJ Lighting Upgrade, HVAC Renovation , UESC Implementation, GHP, Cogeneration System Site Preparation/Feasibility Ameresco...behalf of Navy Installations in the Sicily, Sardinia and Campania regions of Italy . Awards were made to two companies, ENEL Energia and Energia y...funded $333 million for SRM projects to maintain and renovate military Services owned fuels facilities worldwide . This amount was nearly double the

  19. Evaluating the impact of physical renovation, computerization, and use of an inquiry approach in an undergraduate, allied health human anatomy and physiology lab.

    PubMed

    Harrison, J F; Nichols, J S; Whitmer, A C

    2001-12-01

    This paper describes and evaluates a major renovation of a human anatomy and physiology lab for allied health students. A Howard Hughes Medical Institute award funded an extensive collaboration between faculty involved in teaching the course and faculty with expertise in industrial and furniture design. The resulting physical lab has unique features designed to improve work in groups, student movement, and integration of computers with wet laboratories. The anatomy curriculum was switched from fetal pig dissections to the use of human cadavers, computer animations, and plastic models. An inquiry approach was integrated into the physiology curriculum. Student attitude surveys suggest that the physical and curricular changes resulted in a significant increase in student learning. An experiment designed to specifically test the effect of new vs. old equipment did not support a benefit to new equipment independent of changes in the lab physical environment and curriculum. Because the improvements in student attitude surveys occurred in the physiology but not the anatomy labs, we suggest that at least a portion of the increase is due to the institution of the inquiry approach.

  20. New approach for the inverse boundary value problem of Laplace's equation on a rectangle: technique renovation for the Grad-Shafranov (GS) reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, H.; Feng, X. S.; Xiang, J.; Zuo, P.

    2014-12-01

    In Li et al. [2013, New approach for solving the inverse boundary value problem of Laplace's equation on a circle: Technique renovation of the Grad-Shafranov (GS) reconstruction, J. Geophys. Res. Space., 118, 2876-2881], a couple of Hilbert transform relations were applied to the study of the ill-posedness for the essential GS reconstructions. In this further study, a detailed derivation for these reciprocal relations are presented in case of the plane circular region, and then the reciprocal relations are extended to apply to the plane rectangular region after a conformal mapping procedure. While for the case of plane rectangular region, it is confronted by a traditional problem of the so-called corner singularities, which divided the extended reciprocal relations into four integrals with end-point singularities. With the help of the extended Euler-Maclaurin expansion, new quadrature schemes are developed for these singular integrals. Benchmark testing with the analytic solutions on a rectangle boundary has also show the efficiency and robustness of these extensions. The new solution approach is also developed with the introduced reciprocal relations, and an iterated Tikhonov regularization scheme is applied to deal with the ill-posed linear operators appearing in the discretization of the new approach. The special case on the rectangular boundary is benchmarked with the analytic solutions. Numerical experiments highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method. A robust solution approach is expected to be developed based on these new results for the GS equation on any 2D region with partial-known boundary conditions.

  1. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 5, Structural/seismic investigation. Section A report, existing conditions calculations/supporting information

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. Based upon US Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque Operations (DOE/Al) Office and LANL projections, storage space limitations/restrictions will begin to affect LANL`s ability to meet its missions between 1998 and 2002.

  2. Alphabetic List of All DoD Prime Contractors (No Dollars), FY83.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    RENOVATIONS COMMUNICATIONS APPLIED TECHNOLOGY COMPANIA TELEFONICA NACIONAL DE ES COMMERCIAL RENOVATIONS OF VA INC COMMUNICATIONS CORP OF AMERICA...CONSTRUCTION CO INC M F P ENTERPRISES INC M L ENERGIA INC M B R ASSOCIATES INC M F SERVICES INC M M L COMPUTERS INC M B T B ARCHITECTS & ENGINEERS INC M F...PIZZAGALLI CONSTRUCTION CO INC PINSON A-SOCIATES INC PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE INC PIZZOLI SPA PINTURAS ABREGO S A PIPELINE UTILITY CONSTRUCTION CO PLACE

  3. A estabilidade dos PAHS em função da energia da radiação interestelar nas faixas UV e raios-X

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pinotti, R.; Costa, R. K.; Boechat-Roberty, H. M.; Lago, A.; Souza, G. B.

    2003-08-01

    A nebulosa CRL 618, uma proto-nebulosa planetária cuja nuvem molecular espessa envolve uma estrela B0, contém uma grande quantidade de C2H2 e CH4. Estas moléculas são consideradas os tijolos da criação de grandes moléculas carbonadas como os Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos (PAHs). Esta nebulosa, por estar exposta a intensos campos de UV e Raios-X, é uma região de fotodissociação molecular que propicia a formação de novas moléculas, confirmada pela presença de C4H2 e C6H6 (Benzeno), que é a unidade básica dos PAHs. Atribui-se a esta família de moléculas orgânicas duas propriedades fundamentais, a resistência para sobreviver ao campo de radiação UV interestelar e a geração das bandas de emissão não identificadas (UIR) observadas no infravermelho. No entanto, alguns autores questionam a resistência dos PAHs ao campo de radiação UV interestelar. Empregando a técnica de Espectrometria de Massas por Tempo de Vôo, no modo de coincidência fotoelétron-fotoíon, estudamos a ionização e fragmentação das seguintes moléculas: Benzeno, Benzeno deuterado, Naftaleno, Antraceno e Fenantreno. Utilizamos uma fonte de Hélio monocromática em 21,21 eV (584,5 Å) e a radiação Síncroton do Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncroton (LNLS) em diferentes energias nas proximidades da borda do C 1s ( 290 eV). Comprovamos a estabilidade dos PAHs sob ação de UV (21,21 eV), onde eles apresentam um baixo nível de fotodissociação, produzindo fragmentos ionizados com rendimento total na ordem de 5 por cento em relação ao íon molecular pai. Entretanto, em altas energias, na faixa de Raios-X, a quebra destas moléculas torna-se mais intensa, com a produção de muitos fragmentos. Como uma das rotas de fragmentação do Naftaleno é [(C10H8) = > (C6H6+) + (C4H2) + (e-)], e como temos as evidências observacionais da existência do C4H2 e C6H6 na nebulosa CRL 618, sugerimos que este ambiente também possui o Naftaleno.

  4. Green Construction in Building Renovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ksit, Barbara; Majcherek, Michał

    2016-06-01

    Modern materials and construction solutions draw more and more attention to ecology and building certification. Among the criteria appearing in revitalization, an important element is bringing plants back into heavily urbanized areas. In its natural form, this is not possible to carry out everywhere, often requiring large amounts of space. Nowadays, however, there are a number of green roofs and green wall systems, allowing "greener" construction without making significant changes in the urban environment. The article includes a presentation and analysis of selected solutions of biological surfaces known as green roofs and green walls, specifying various solutions and their most important features. The case study focuses primarily on material and design solutions, as well as the potential benefits, risks and limitations in their use. Plants structures on the surfaces of vertical and horizontal partitions continue to be a very interesting alternative to take into account when applying for grants, such as LEED or BREEAM certificates.

  5. Fort Benning Indianhead Townhome Renovations

    SciTech Connect

    Stephenson, R.; Roberts, S.; Butler, T.; Kim, E.

    2012-12-01

    The NAHB Research Center partnered with production builder Winchester/Camberley Homes to build a DOE Building America New Construction Test House (NCTH). This single family, detached house, located in the mixed-humid climate zone of Silver Spring, MD, was completed in June 2011. The primary goal for this house was to improve energy efficiency by 30% over the Building America B10 benchmark by developing and implementing an optimized energy solutions package design that could be cost effectively and reliably constructed on a production basis using quality management practices. The intent of this report is to outline the features of this house, discuss the implementation of the energy efficient design, and report on short-term testing results. During the interactive design process of this project, numerous iterations of the framing, air sealing, insulation, and space conditioning systems were evaluated for energy performance, cost, and practical implementation. The final design featured numerous advanced framing techniques, high levels of insulation, and the HVAC system entirely within conditioned space. Short-term testing confirmed a very tight thermal envelope and efficient and effective heating and cooling. In addition, relevant heating, cooling, humidity, energy, and wall cavity moisture data will be collected and presented in a future long-term report.

  6. Curricular Renovation through Population Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de la Cruz, Leonardo

    The document is intended to assist educators in Nepal in implementing curriculum reform or improvement by using population education as a means. Procedural designs that can be followed are described. First, the goals of population education must be defined. Second, a decision has to be made as to which body of knowledge or population concepts are…

  7. Goode Gym Energy Renovation Project

    SciTech Connect

    Coleman, Andrena

    2014-12-11

    The Ida H. Goode Gymnasium was constructed in 1964 to serve as a focal point for academics, student recreation, and health and wellness activities. This 38,000 SF building contains a gymnasium with a stage, swimming pool, eight classrooms, a weight room, six offices and auxiliary spaces for the athletic programs. The gym is located on a 4-acre greenfield, which is slated for improvement and enhancement to future athletics program at Bennett College. The available funding for this project was used to weatherize the envelope of the gymnasium, installation of a new energy-efficient mechanical system, and a retrofit of the existing lighting systems in the building’s interior. The envelope weatherization was completed without disturbing the building’s historic preservation eligibility. The existing heating system was replaced with a new high efficiency condensing system. The new heating system also includes a new Building Automation System which provides additional monitoring. Proper usage of this system will provide additional energy savings. Most of the existing interior lighting fixtures and bulbs were replaced with new LED and high efficiency T-8 bulbs and fixtures. Occupancy sensors were installed in applicable areas. The Ida Goode Gymnasium should experience high electricity and natural gas savings as well as operational/maintenance efficiency increases. The aesthetics of the building was maintained and the overall safety was improved.

  8. Fort Benning Indianhead Townhome Renovations

    SciTech Connect

    Stephenson, R.; Roberts, S.; Butler, T.; Kim, E.

    2012-12-01

    The NAHB Research Center partnered with production builder Winchester/Camberley Homes to build a DOE Building America New Construction Test House (NCTH). This single family, detached house, located in the mixed-humid climate zone of Silver Spring, MD, was completed in June 2011. The primary goal for this house was to improve energy efficiency by 30% over the Building America B10 benchmark by developing and implementing an optimized energy solutions package design that could be cost effectively and reliably constructed on a production basis using quality management practices. The intent of this report is to outline the features of this house, discuss the implementation of the energy efficient design, and report on short-term testing results. During the interactive design process of this project, numerous iterations of the framing, air sealing, insulation, and space conditioning systems were evaluated for energy performance, cost, and practical implementation. The final design featured numerous advanced framing techniques, high levels of insulation, and the HVAC system entirely within conditioned space. Short-term testing confirmed a very tight thermal envelope and efficient and effective heating and cooling. In addition, relevant heating, cooling, humidity, energy, and wall cavity moisture data will be collected and presented in a future long-term report.

  9. Renovation of Shaft Mining Building No. 2 in Kłodawa Salt Mine/ Renowacja Budynku Nadszybia Nr 2 Na Terenie Kopalni Soli "Kłodawa" S.A.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Błaszczyński, Tomasz; Wielentejczyk, Przemysław

    2015-06-01

    The paper presents the renovation process of the shaft mining building No. 2 situated in the Kłodawa Salt Mine. A technical state of the facility required immediate reinforcement of structural elements, which was confirmed by expertise carried out by the authors. A lack of repairs could be the cause of building damage. The progress of corrosion in some steel profiles of columns or floors was very advanced. The state of the building was rapidly worsening due to the very high salinity of the indoor environment, moisture (building not insulated) and vibrating engines of machinery operating on different floors felt throughout the facility. After carrying out the technical expertise, working plans and specifications, and relevant numerical analysis, the modernization process was realized by the reinforcement or rebuilding of structural elements. Referat przedstawia sposób remontu i naprawy konstrukcji nośnej i obudowy budynku nadszybia nr 2 na terenie Kopalni Soli "Kłodawa". Elementy konstrukcyjne budynku wymagały natychmiastowego wzmocnienia, co potwierdziła ekspertyza wykonana przez autorów. Zaniechanie prac remontowych groziło awarią budowlaną pomimo przeprowadzonej wcześniej w 2002 r. naprawy. Postęp korozji w niektórych profilach stalowych słupów czy stropów był bardzo zaawansowany. Stan obiektu pogarszał się szybko ze względu na bardzo duże zasolenie środowiska, wilgoć (budynek nieocieplony) oraz pracujące na poszczególnych poziomach maszyny wytwarzające duże drgania wyczuwalne w każdym miejscu obiektu. Wykonano ekspertyzę i projekt wykonawczy przed przystąpieniem do prac renowacyjnych. Przeprowadzono stosowną analizę numeryczną budynku uwzględniając w obliczeniach osłabione korozją elementy pomniejszając odpowiednio w modelu ich parametry wytrzymałościowe. Na tej podstawie zaproponowano stosowne wzmocnienia. Zastosowano technologie wzmocnień stosując wymianę profili stalowych, wspawywanie dodatkowych profili lub blach

  10. Decontamination and renovation of the Master/Slave Manipulator Repair Shop and the Chemical Crane Room at the West Valley Demonstration Project. Final topical report, June 1982-June 1983

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, E.C.; Golden, M.P.

    1986-01-01

    This report describes the decontamination and renovation of the Master/Slave Manipulator Repair Shop (MSMRS) and the Chemical Crane Room (CCR) at the WVDP from radioactively contaminated conditions to essentially shirt sleeve environments. In both cases, subsequent use recontaminated the rooms. Before decontamination, general exposure rates as high as 20 mrad/hr and surface contamination as high as 10/sup 5/ dpm/100 cm/sup 2/ were measured in the MSMRS, while general exposure rates in the CCR were 50 to 100 mrad/hr with hot spots as high as 2000 mrad/hr. Smearable levels on the floor in each room were in the range of 10/sup 5/ to 10/sup 6/ dpm per 100/cm/sup 2/. Respiratory protection was mandatory for entry into the CCR. The MSMRS, located at the north end of the Process Building on ground elevation, is needed for the refurbishment of plant manipulators and other equipment. The MSMRS has been decontaminated and renovated as follows: all tools, equipment and furnishings were removed, the walls were stripped and repainted, and the contaminated concrete floor was removed and disposal of as low-level waste. A new concrete floor was poured and a stainless steel liner covering the entire floor and extending 45.7 cm up the walls was added to provide the WVDP with a shop facility that can be easily decontaminated. Decontamination of the MSMRS has been completed and the facility is available for service. The CCR, located at the north end of the Chemical Process Cell (CPC) is for the storage and servicing of two bridge cranes used in the CPC. Decontamination and exposure reduction in the CCR has been completed using vacuum cleaning, damp wipe down, and surface grinding followed by shielding and painting.

  11. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, Place, and Contractor, FY84, Part 4, (Allenville, Missouri-Wyoming, Pennsylvania).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    CLOSED CIRCUIT TV CORP 26 26INGERSOLL-RAND COMPANY INC 67 67INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED STUDY 75 75 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MCHS 28 28M L ENERGIA INC 30...I 28 PRINCETON E 0 & 0 PARC 28 IBM CORP 25 25 M L ENERGIA INC 107 107 SAN LUIS CAMERA 41 41...SANDERS ASSOCIATES INC 848 848 SATELLITE SERVICES INC 237 237 SCHICKEL H GEN CONTR INC 132 132 SHERLOT HOME RENOVATION CORP 317 317 TRACY TROMBLEY CONT

  12. Existing Resources, Standards, and Procedures for Precise Monitoring and Analysis of Structural Deformations. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-09-01

    commonplace, particularly in the monitoring of dams and hydro-electric power generating stations. Italy’s ENEL (Ente Nazionale per 1’ Energia Elettrica...State Commissions to enforce supervision and monitoring of dams by the new owners. Currently, dams owned by state organizations such as Agua y Energia ...Large Dams, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil May. Millmore, J.P. and J.A. Charles (1988). "A -survey of UK embankment dams." Proceedings of Reservoir Renovation 88

  13. Europe and Asia in Space, 1993-1994.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    For Privatization", Aviation Week and Space Technology, 27 June 1994, pp. 22-23. 96. "RKK Energia Issues Stock Due to Privatization Order", Space News...multi-year renovation project was undertaken in Kourou to support not only the forthcoming Ariane 5 but also the con- tinuing Ariane 4 missions. By...via the newly formed Lockheed- Khrunichev- Energia joint venture. By the end of 1994 no commercial Proton launches had been undertaken, and the first

  14. ENERGY AND SCIENCE: Five-Year Bibliography 1990-1994

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-12-01

    reviews the U.S. government’s efforts to support Venezuela’s energy sector. Sector de Energia en Venezuela: La Prodnccion Petrolera y las Condiciones... renovate existing laboratories or build new ones is often minimal. Four of the eight agencies recently started up task forces to reexamine their research...laboratory repairs. Moreover, funding to renovate existing laboratories or build new ones is often minimal. Four of the eight agencies recently started up

  15. In Touch With Industry: ICAF Industry Studies, 1997

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    nation’s largest manufacturing sector and its second largest economic activity (CERF, 1993). In 1994, new construction and renovation made up 13 percent...primarily engaged in the construction and renovation of residential, farm, industrial, commercial, and other buildings. Heavy construction...with Russia’s RSC Energia , Ukraine’s NPO Yuzhnoye, and Norway’s Kvaerner. Sea Launch will use Ukraine’s Zenit rocket to launch payloads weighing up

  16. China Report, Science and Technology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-29

    remote sensing technologies have been used in territorial renovation , urban planning, railway track selection, catastrophic weather monitoring...GAONENG WULI YU HE WULI [PHYSICA ENERGIAE FORTIS ET PHYSICA NUCLEARIS] in Chinese Vol 10, No 4, Jul 86 pp 385-392 [Article by Wang Taijie [3769 3141 2638...systems, which the state has made part of the plan and for which special funds are disbursed. Second is new construction, renovation and expansion

  17. Translations on People’s Republic of China, No. 467.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-11-15

    his trade with us. 52 The newly established export plants are also instrumental in renovating old plants and in raising our level of production...import new technology and equipment from abroad to renovate the old plants through using subsidy grants, PRC foreign exchange reserves and loans...China. The results in physics are published in Chinese (with English summary) in the periodicals in Acta Physica Sinica and Physica Energiae Fortis

  18. West Europe Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-05-15

    an old, abandoned industrial complex that had belonged to AEG was renovated . By 30 November 1983, the first 14 novice entrepreneurs had moved in, with...be anticipated this year due to modernization and renovation programs in the public sector. The cost of various rehabilitation programs should...by the just published INFORMACAO ENERGIA bulletin of the Energy Directorate General. The production of electricity increased 17.8 percent from 1982

  19. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY83, Part 2 (Gillespie Delorenzo Asla & Assocs-Planning Analysis Corp).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    BURLINGTON MASS 85 85 85 85 N L AVIATION LTD UN KINGDOM 2,558 273 2,285 2,556 273 2,285 M L ENERGIA INC PRINCETON NEW JERSEY 28 28 28 28 M M L...155 155 PIPE INC PORTSMOUTH VIRGINIA 588 588 743 743 PIPE INSTALLATION CORP ATCO ILw jE6EY 42 42 42 42 PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE INC FORT BRAGG NCAR...107 107 PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE INC LANGLEY AFB VIRGINIA 205 161 44 PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE INC NORFOLK VIRGINIA 248 248 560 268 248 44

  20. Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-03

    signed an oil shale exploration agreement with the Jordanian government. Estonia’s Enefit Eesti Energia AS also has signed agreements on oil shale...democracy assistance, water preservation, and education (particularly building and renovating public schools). In the democracy sector, U.S. assistance

  1. Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-08

    an oil shale exploration agreement with the Jordanian government. Estonia’s Enefit Eesti Energia AS also has signed agreements on oil shale...of sectors including democracy assistance, water preservation, and education (particularly building and renovating public schools). In the democracy

  2. CoCom and the Future of Conventional Arms Exports in the Former Communist Bloc

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    structure and background of each of these firms. The first example is the Godollo Machine Factory which was primarily involved in repair and renovation of...regularizedŚ Such an attitude is noteworthy because the potential for growth in the space industry is so great. Not only does Russia produce the " Energia

  3. Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Japan and Australia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-10-01

    However, only with the develop- Aerospace Planes ment of better test facility instruments and more trained personnel, together with the renovation and...necessary. Such a rocket booster (the H-IID) would be one of the largest launchers in the world after the Soviet Energia booster and U.S. Titan IV launch

  4. Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-03

    exploration agreement with the Jordanian government. Estonia’s Eesti Energia AS also has signed agreements on oil shale projects. See, “Amman Unlocks...Jordan focus on a variety of sectors including democracy assistance, water preservation, and education (particularly building and renovating public

  5. Proceedings of the Meeting of the Coastal Engineering Research Board (43rd) Held at Vicksburg, Mississippi on 22-24 May 1985.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-08-01

    extensive renovation , as shown in Fig- ure 3. Total rehabilitation usually costs one-tenth to one-fourth as much as replacement with a new structure. 29...presented by Dr. Manuel da Silva, Ministerior Da Industria E Energia , Portugal. Dr. da Silva discussed the Sines breakwater failures of 1978 and 1979

  6. Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-27

    Estonia’s Enefit Eesti Energia AS also has signed agreements on oil shale projects. In 2012, the Canadian company, Global Oil Shale Holdings (GOSH...variety of sectors including democracy assistance, water preservation, and education (particularly building and renovating public schools). In the

  7. The Research Laboratory of Electronics Progress Report Number 133, January 1-December 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-31

    form of a working Beam Epitaxy (MOMBE) of research facility in 1990. The substantial labora- ZnSe tory renovation was completed in February; the CBE...colleagues at Bernstein Waves in Toroidal Plasmas." Pro- the Italian laboratories of E.N.E.A. ( Energia ceedings of the International Sherwood Theory

  8. Pulsed Power Bibliography. Volume 2. Annotated Bibliography.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-08-01

    ENEAG? POEV SOJECES with varatle resonant frequencies is transprred to a load renovator .5 Cir.d, D.J. Fricksn. W.B. Gaps a-n CM. PowLer who the... energiaed transformer h.h frequency response in conparison to conventional from a do source end contain ontrolled suitches. Advantages of pulse

  9. Industrial Development of Siberia and the Soviet Far East.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-09-01

    21 (This argument is perhaps unintentionally fed by the central leadership’s emphasis on investing in renovation and technical reequipment of...Malov, "Po programme ’ energia ’," Pravda, May 12, 1982, p. 2. " M. Matafonov, "Open up Siberia’s Treasure Houses," Sotsialisticheskaia industriia

  10. Parameters, Journal of the US Army War College, Volume 14, Number 4, Winter 1984.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    Pa.: US Army War College, Strategic Studies In- 31. A Energia Nuclear no Brasil (Rio de Janeiro: stitute, 1979), p. 17. Biblioteca do Exercito Editors...security factors exist. These would be Monetary Fund officials. "Balance of Payments," in Annual US-Mexican relationships, moral renovation , demographic

  11. JPRS Report. Science & Technology: China.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-16

    development capacity of enterprises. They are playing a major role in leading S&T toward a new system and in renovation . 2. Management of S&T Research...HE WULI [PHYSICA ENERGIAE FORTIS ET PHYSICA NUCLEARIS] in Chinese Vol 12 No 3, May 88 pp 365-371 ™YSICA [Article by the Electron LINAC Department

  12. Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-02

    Estonia’s Enefit Eesti Energia AS also has signed agreements on oil shale projects. In 2012, the Canadian company, Global Oil Shale Holdings (GOSH...variety of sectors including democracy assistance, water preservation, and education (particularly building and renovating public schools). In the

  13. Considerations When Upgrading and Renovating Window Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gille, Steve

    2010-01-01

    Today's educational facilities managers face many challenges. As stewards of their campus' physical assets, these professionals are charged with improving students' learning environments, saving money, and maintaining the historical and aesthetic integrity of their buildings. For schools and universities that have not replaced their windows in…

  14. Renovating the Curriculum from the Ground Up

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clark, J. J.; Bjornerud, M.

    2003-12-01

    The geology department at Lawrence University has entirely recreated itself in the past seven years, with three new faculty members, a new curriculum, and new facilities. Although the magnitude and rapidity of these changes have posed challenges, the opportunity to build the department almost entirely from scratch has allowed us to design a program that acknowledges the profound changes that have occurred within the geosciences in the past few decades. The major challenge that we(and many other programs) faced was how to offer a curriculum that reflects the diversity of the geosciences with a relatively small faculty. We addressed this issue by identifying our priorities, strengths, potentials, and limitations, and building the strongest possible curriculum given these resources and constraints. As new faculty members were hired, we deliberately sought out versatile, flexible candidates whose training embraced several subdisciplines. The primary interests of the three current faculty members are 1) mid- to deep crustal `hard rock' geology, 2) physical surficial processes, and 3) the geochemistry of near-surface rocks and waters. This combination allows us to span a large intellectual space, but it would be difficult to offer all of the traditional courses in the geology canon. As we discussed the skills and concepts we considered for geology students and assessed the expertise of our faculty, we concluded that for us the most efficient curricular framework would emphasize 1) Earth processes (rather than entities) and 2) connections with cognate sciences(especially chemistry and physics). This shift in focus has also allowed us to serve the interdisciplinary Environmental studies curriculum in an integral way, without undercutting the department's own mission. Anecdotal evidence has shown that this approach is successful. Not only do more physics and chemistry students take our courses, but a number of them go on to minor or double major in geology. We've found also that a number of environmental studies students are taking our upper-level courses which not only helps bolster enrollment, but also exposes more students to the geosciences. Moreover, many of our majors that move on to graduate programs do so in interdisciplinary programs (e.g., geochemistry, geophysics, biogeochemistry, environmental sciences, science writing, science education). While our wholesale personnel changes allowed us unusual flexibility in redesigning our program, we feel that departments at other institutions - large and small - could benefit from a similar self-assessment. As the scope of the geosciences grows and the boundaries between disciplines become less sharp, there is no longer any possibility of `comprehensive coverage' in the undergraduate curriculum (if indeed this ever was possible). We do not consider our curriculum a universally applicable template. But we do believe that the strongest geoscience programs will emerge in departments that know their strengths and build curricula from these intellectual centers of gravity.

  15. EPA Releases Guide for Healthier School Renovations

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The Children's Environmental Health Symposium was held on January 27 and 28 in San Diego, Calif., and focused on environmental health issues in the border region, how prenatal and childhood exposures can impact children's health and development, and what p

  16. Environmental Assessment for Renovation of Building 442

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-04-01

    of Hampton. Invertebrates Northeastern beach tiger beetle Cicindela dorsalis dorsalis FT Broad beaches with well-developed sand dunes...Amphibians Barking treefrog Hyla gratiosa ST Breeds in coastal seasonal freshwater ponds. Needs fish-free breeding habitat. Base at northern edge of...listed threatened species, the northeastern beach tiger beetle , has no record of occurrence on base; it typically inhabits broad sandy beaches and

  17. Ammana Market Renovation Majjasim, Iraq. Sustainment Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-30

    U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS DIRECTOR, IRAQ TRANSITION ASSISTANCE OFFICE SUBJECT: Report on Sustainment Assessment of the Ammana Market ...compaction, and placement of 65 meter (m) x 45m x 15 centimeter (cm) concrete pads construction of four steel market stall roofs construction of a 1,771...performed only an expedited assessment of the areas available; a complete review of all work completed was not possible. Concrete Pad The SOW required

  18. Does environmental stability stimulate species renovation?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Casellato, C.; Erba, E.

    2009-04-01

    The Tithonian-Berriasian time interval is characterized by a major calcareous nannoplankton speciation episode: several coccolith and nannolith genera and species first appear and rapidly evolve, reaching a high diversity, abundance, and calcification degree. The history of calcareous nannoplankton indicates that times of accelerated rates of radiations (or extinctions) generally correlate with global changes in the geosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere suggesting that evolutionary patterns are intimately linked to environmental modifications (Roth, 1989; Bown et al., 2004; Erba, 2006). Nevertheless, the Tithonian-Berriasian interval provides examples of intra- and intergeneric accelerated evolutionary rates (an origination event) during a time period of general environmental stability, in absence of coeval environmental change evidence. The Tithonian - Early Berriasian can be regarded as a "quiet" interval as far as the C cycle is concerned; the _13C curve shows a gradual minor decline after the Oxfordian anomalies and prior to the Valanginian event. The Tithonian-Berriasian speciation episode provides an excellent opportunity to study modo and tempo of calcareous nannoplankton evolution relative to absent environmental change, which is believed to be instrumental for driving biological evolution. Nannofossils have been investigated in sections from the Tethys and Atlantic oceans in order to discriminate among local, regional or global causes, and to verify possible diachroneity in calcareous phytoplankton evolution and/or in response to global changes. Calcareous nannofossil species richness, first and last occurrences and relative abundance were achieved. Different evolution modes have been proposed since Darwin's Evolutionary Theory: Phyletic Gradualism (Darwin, 1859), Punctuated Equilibrium (Gould & Eldredge, 1977) and Punctuated Gradualism (Malmgren et al., 1984). Phyletic gradualism holds that new species arise from slow, steady transformation of populations providing gradational fossil series linking separate phylogenetic species. Punctuated gradualism implies long-lasting evolutionary stasis interrupted by rapid, but gradual phyletic transformation without lineage splitting. Punctuated equilibrium explains the appearance of new species by rapid speciation occurring in small peripheral isolated populations, followed by migration to other areas where fossil sequence usually shows a series of sharp morphological breaks. The Tithonian-Berriasian nannoplankton speciation episode is characterized by the first occurrence of several new nannolith genera (Conusphaera, Polycostella, Pseudolithraphidites and Lithraphidites, Nannoconus, Assipetra, Braarudoaphaera and Micrantolithus), few new coccoliths genera (Umbria, Rhagodiscus, Cruciellipsis) and several coccoliths and nannolith new species. Most new species rapidly evolved generating related new species or subspecies, often in a time interval shorter than two millions of years, providing examples of all speciation modes. The appearance of highly calcified nannoplankton and its evolution in the Tithonian-Berriasian interval were possibly controlled by abiotic factors, such as seawater chemistry (Mg/Ca ratio and pCO2) and temperature (cool climatic episode). On the other hand this speciation episode corresponds to an interval of environmental stability, probably favoring diversification and expansion of calcareous nannoplankton, adapted to oligotrophic oceans. Nannoliths seem to have experienced all three evolutionary modes, while coccoliths provide examples for only two of them. Evolutionary patterns in the studied interval permit the following considerations: at specific level both nannoliths and coccoliths gradually evolve in time intervals of more that 1 Ma, while at generic level a rapid speciation is most common. Bown, P.R., Lees, J.A., Young, J.R. (2004). Calcareous nannoplankton evolution and diversity through time. In: Thierstein, H.R., Young, J.R. (Eds.), Coccolithophores. From Molecular Processes to Global Impact. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 481 - 508. Darwin, C. (1859). L'Origine delle specie. In: L'Evoluzione. Newton, 1994 Erba, E. (2006). The first 150 million years history of calcareous nannoplankton: Biosphere - Geosphere interaction. Paleogeogr. Paleoclimatol.Paleoecol. 232, 237-250. Gould, S.J. & Eldredge, N. (1977). Punctuated equilibria: the tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered. Paleobiology 3:115-151. Malmgren, B.A., Berggren, W.A. & Lohmann, G.P. (1984). Species formation through Punctuated Gradualism in Planktonic Foraminifera. Science 225, 317-319. Roth, P.H. (1989). Ocean circulation and calcareous nannoplankton evolution during the Jurassic and Cretaceous. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 74, 111 - 126. Stenseth, N.C. & Maynard Smith, J. (1984). Coevolution in ecosystems: rred queen evolution or stasis? Evolution 38, 870-880. Van Valen, L. (1973). A new evolutionary law. Evolutionary Theory 1:1-30.

  19. Recovery Through Building Renovation Act of 2010

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Shaheen, Jeanne [D-NH

    2010-09-14

    09/14/2010 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. (text of measure as introduced: CR S7091-7093) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  20. Crowne Plaza Renovation Retrofit Case Study

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2013-03-01

    InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG) and its franchise partner B.F. Saul Company Hospitality Group (B.F. Saul Co.) partnered with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to retrofit existing buildings to reduce energy consumption by at least 30% versus requirements set by Standard 90.1-2004 of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) as part of DOE’s Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) Program.

  1. Architectural Renovations of Body-As-Temple.

    PubMed

    Carroll, Timothy

    2016-07-01

    This paper addresses the Christian religious tradition of understanding the human body as the 'temple of the Holy Spirit' within the context of body modification in Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Drawing on ethnographic research in Jerusalem and Kansas City, interviews with artists and Orthodox Christians, and theological discourses on the body and art, this paper seeks to understand how the body is treated by Orthodox Christians and evaluates the ethical commitments and contestations around the human body and religious practice. The paper focuses specifically on tattooing practices, which, though typically prohibited in conservative forms of Christianity, are nonetheless practiced as a means of devotion in specific Eastern Orthodox Christian settings. These modifications to the body are taken in dialogue with ritual and practical concerns exhibited in Eastern Orthodox burial practice. The paper argues that while there are commonalities across Eastern Orthodox practice, the ethical implications of specific actions are highly contextualized and must be interpreted within local regimes of aesthetic behaviour.

  2. Brookhaven College, Expansion & Renovation, Farmers Branch, Texas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Design Cost Data, 2003

    2003-01-01

    Describes the title building, including educational context and design goals. Includes a general description; information on the architect, construction team, and manufacturers and suppliers; and a case study of costs and specifications. (EV)

  3. Managing successful construction and renovation projects.

    PubMed

    Harris, R D

    1997-03-01

    If you are the lead person during a project, it is your responsibility to follow-up on every detail and task involved to guarantee overall success. Team members look to you as the example and as the communicator. Although other people may fail to accomplish their tasks, you must have the ability and energy to push the issue to completion without losing your cool or throwing your hands up. Projects usually require the coordination of multiple issues, tasks, and personnel. The process can be rewarding, or it can be your worst nightmare. Make it fun, but keep it organized. Communicate properly, and design each project process to fit the project needs.

  4. Arizona Takes on School Construction and Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geiger, Philip E.

    2001-01-01

    Spurred by a state superior court deadline for developing a constitutional school capital finance system, Arizona Governor Jane Hull signed legislation (Students FIRST) that dramatically reformed school construction. This legislation created a School Facilities Board and established three funds for improving school conditions and meeting building…

  5. Renovation of the Watergate 600 Building

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, Hsing Chung; Harmon, J.J.; Galway, J.M. )

    1993-10-01

    This article describes a unique HVAC system which includes thermal storage, cold air distribution and parallel fan powered boxes to meet Standard 62-89 recommendations, and meet building restrictions imposed by the Washington, DC building code. The Watergate Hotel-Apartment-Office Complex is a prominent facade along the banks of the Potomac River in Washington, DC. Nestled between the Kennedy Center and Washington Harbor, the complex is positioned to provide Class A office space while commanding top Washington, DC rental rates. Unfortunately, the original HVAC system will not provide the quality environment demanded by tenants searching for Class A office space in the 1990s.

  6. Renovations to a plasma teaching laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Brake, M.L.; Lee, M.; Ventzek, P.; Passow, M. )

    1991-01-01

    With the aid of a National Science Foundation teaching equipment grant, replacement of dated equipment and the implementation of new experiments have upgraded the University of Michigan Department of Nuclear Engineering's 25-yr-old plasma laboratory course. The course teaches seniors and first-year graduate students methods of plasma production as well as plasma diagnostics. This paper describes four new experiments as well as the highlights of some of the equipment upgrades. The plasma lab course has introduced three new diagnostic techniques and one new plasma generation experiment in the past two years. They are (a) probe measurements of the electron energy distribution function, (b) laser/Schlieren photos of shock waves produced by a pulsed plasma, (c) a laser deflection technique for determining hot gas densities, and (d) capacitively coupled radio-frequency plasma generation.

  7. Renovation and Reform in Dominican Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pimentel, Josefina

    2002-01-01

    Explores the role of higher education in the Dominican Republic and the need to mesh the mission of the university; the specific needs of its social, economic, and cultural environment; and the characteristics of a rapidly changing world. (EV)

  8. Implementation and uptake of the Conexiones y Opciones en la Argentina (COPA) intervention: Feasibility and acceptability

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Deborah L; Lucas, Mar; Arístegui, Inés; Bordato, Alejandra; Fernandez-Cabanillas, Graciela; Zalazar, Virginia; Sued, Omar; Cecchini, Diego; Cassetti, Isabel; Cahn, Pedro; Bofill, Lina; Weiss, Stephen M

    2016-01-01

    Challenging HIV-infected patients, those neither adherent nor actively engaged in care, represent an important opportunity for intervention if the HIV epidemic is to be contained. This pilot study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of an adapted patient adherence intervention and a motivational interviewing-based provider intervention in urban Buenos Aires, Argentina, in order to optimize health benefits in challenging HIV-infected patients. To maximize implementation and uptake of both strategies, interventions were adapted to the local setting. Qualitative data and a short quantitative assessment from patients, staff, fellows, residents and physicians (n = 84) were examined to establish the feasibility and acceptability of offering patient and provider evidence-based interventions in both public and private healthcare settings. Results identified key themes on provision of information, use of specialized communication techniques, and group support in the utilization of the interventions. Both providers (n = 12) and patients (n = 120) endorsed the acceptability and value of the interventions, and the feasibility of their delivery. Findings support the use of both intervention modalities with challenging patients in diverse urban healthcare settings. PMID:27120502

  9. Implementation and uptake of the Conexiones y Opciones en la Argentina intervention: feasibility and acceptability.

    PubMed

    Jones, Deborah L; Lucas, Mar; Arístegui, Inés; Bordato, Alejandra; Fernandez-Cabanillas, Graciela; Zalazar, Virginia; Sued, Omar; Cecchini, Diego; Cassetti, Isabel; Cahn, Pedro; Bofill, Lina; Weiss, Stephen M

    2016-10-01

    Challenging HIV-infected patients, those neither adherent nor actively engaged in care, represent an important opportunity for intervention if the HIV epidemic is to be contained. This pilot study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of an adapted patient adherence intervention and a motivational interview-based provider intervention in urban Buenos Aires, Argentina, in order to optimize health benefits in challenging HIV-infected patients. To maximize implementation and uptake of both strategies, interventions were adapted to the local setting. Qualitative data and a short quantitative assessment from patients, staff, fellows, residents and physicians (n = 84) were examined to establish the feasibility and acceptability of offering patient and provider evidence-based interventions in both public and private health-care settings. Results identified key themes on provision of information, use of specialized communication techniques and group support in the utilization of the interventions. Both providers (n = 12) and patients (n = 120) endorsed the acceptability and value of the interventions, and the feasibility of their delivery. Findings support the use of both intervention modalities with challenging patients in diverse urban health-care settings.

  10. Final Environmental Assessment, Outgrant for Construction and Operation of a Solar Photovoltaic System in Area I, Nellis Air Force Base, Clark County, Nevada

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    metro de d•sltlbuoloo de energfa. El sistema perm itirla a los 1Q a 15 megavallos de conionte alltma de enefgla renovables I Ia base aer&a de NeUls...oparacl6ra de un sistema solar fotovojtaico compuesto por paneles solares y una nueva linea de metro de dstrib,UCi6n de energia . El sistema P.Srtnitirfa a...los tO a 15 megavatios de eonieflte alterna de energfa renovables a Ia base aerea de Nel!js. La locallzaci6n propuesta para el sistema fotovoltaico

  11. East Europe Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-23

    Mezögazdasäg, erdögazdäl- kodäs, vizgazdälkodäs 2,5% LfKözlekedes, tävközles 0,9% Lakossag 8,1% LEgyeb 9,6% -Ipar78,9% (2)VILLAM0S- ENERGIA ...1970’s centered around renovation of the completely used up infrastructure and the obsolete, dangerous buildings. It turned out, however, that the... renovation . [Question] But reconstruction began in 1976.... [Answer] Right. But this did not prove successful. The reason partly was that it began

  12. Ahorre Energia: Consejos sobre el ahorro de dinero y energia en el hogar (Book)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    Learn how to save money with Energy Saver: Tips on Saving Money & Energy at Home, from the U.S. Department of Energy. The Energy Saver guide will help you reduce your monthly energy costs and live more efficiently. This guide takes you through the systems and appliances that consume the most energy in your home, and provides solutions to cut costs for you while saving the environment. The Energy Saver guide also includes transportation tips to help you save money at the pump.

  13. Energia geotermica at the present time: Geothermal Today (Spanish version); La energia geotermica en la actualidad

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2003-09-01

    This outreach publication highlights federal program milestones and accomplishments of the DOE Geothermal Technologies Program for 2003. This is a special 8-page Spanish supplement for the audience at the Geothermal Resources Council/Geothermal Energy Association Annual Meeting and Industry Exhibit, Morelia, Mexico.

  14. Renovation of Waste Shower Water by Membrane Filtration.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-11-01

    Formulation of Synthetic Shower Wastewater Item Quantity mg/I g/ 180 gal g/7000 gal Soap 33 22.5 875 NaCl 40 27.1 1054 U ret! 0.5 0.33 12.8 Kaolin 9.1...6.21 242 Talc 9.4 6.42 250 Shower Cleaner 48 32.6 1268 Hair 4.8 3.3 128 Hair Oil 75 51 1983 Hair Gel 18 12.1 471 Shampoo 2.4 1.64 64 Toothpaste 18

  15. Moving Sustainability Forward: Energy Efficient Renovations and Solar Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Bill

    2011-01-01

    For any goal to be a "smart goal" it needs to be specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time sensitive. This is equally true for sustainability goals for educational facilities. Evidence abounds that "green strategies" greatly impact both the academic and operational performance of a school. Agencies from the U.S. Environmental Protection…

  16. Get the Lead Out (Prevention, Intervention and Renovation).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Dept. of Public Health, Springfield.

    Three brochures offer guidelines on preventing lead poisoning in children, lowering lead blood levels in children, and safely removing leaded paint from homes. The brochure on prevention of lead poisoning explains sources of lead, how lead affects a child, the importance of screening a child for lead poisoning, and ways to protect a child from…

  17. Renovating Literacy Centers for Middle Grades: Differentiating, Reteaching, and Motivating

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodges, Tracey S.; McTigue, Erin M.

    2014-01-01

    Remixing traditional and new teaching techniques via literacy centers can restructure middle grades language arts classrooms to promote student movement, autonomy, and creativity. Literacy centers provide a set of individual, developmentally appropriate learning activities that can be updated daily to match current objectives, but do not need to…

  18. Depositionary Margins: The Destruction and Renovation of Subduction Forearcs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vannucchi, P.; Morgan, J. P.; Silver, E. A.; Kluesner, J.

    2016-12-01

    A depositionary margin is a new framework for forearc evolution that focuses on the potential feedbacks between subduction tectonics, sedimentation, and geomorphology that take place during an extreme event of subduction erosion. These feedbacks can lead to the creation of a forearc structure that extends the traditional division of forearcs into accretionary or erosive subduction margins by demonstrating a mode of rapid basin accretion during an erosive event at a subduction margin. A depositionary mode of forearc evolution occurs when terrigenous sediments are deposited directly on the forearc while it is being removed from below by subduction erosion. In the most extreme case, an entire forearc can be removed by a single subduction erosion event followed by depositionary replacement without involving transfer of sediments from the incoming plate. We need to further recognize that subduction forearcs are often shaped by interactions between slow, long-term processes and sudden extreme events reflecting the sudden influences of large-scale morphological variations in the incoming plate. Both types of processes contribute to the large-scale architecture of the forearc, with extreme events associated with a replacive depositionary mode that rapidly creates sections of a typical forearc margin. The persistent upward diversion of the megathrust is likely to affect its geometry, frictional nature, and hydrogeology. Therefore, the stresses along the fault and individual earthquake rupture characteristics are also expected to be more variable in these erosive systems than in systems with long-lived megathrust surfaces.

  19. Renovation of the injured heart with myocardial tissue engineering.

    PubMed

    Leor, Jonathan; Landa, Natali; Cohen, Smadar

    2006-03-01

    Tissue engineering aims to create, repair and/or replace tissues and organs by using cells, scaffolds, biologically active molecules and physiologic signals. It is an interdisciplinary field that integrates aspects of engineering, chemistry, biology and medicine. One of the most challenging goals in the field of cardiovascular tissue engineering is the creation of a heart muscle patch. This review describes the principles, achievements and challenges of achieving this ambitious goal of creating contractile heart muscle. In addition, the new strategy of in situ and injectable tissue engineering for myocardial repair and regeneration is presented.

  20. Association between indoor renovation activities and eczema in early childhood.

    PubMed

    Herbarth, Olf; Fritz, Gisela J; Rehwagen, Martina; Richter, Matthias; Röder, Stefan; Schlink, Uwe

    2006-05-01

    Other factors besides a genetic disposition seem to play a role in the development of allergic disorders. Exposure to risk factors such as indoor air pollution is becoming increasingly interesting, especially during early childhood. Within an epidemiological study (LISS: Leipzig infection, allergy and airway diseases study among school starters, involving 2536 children, birth cohort 1991/92, carried out in 1997/98) the effect of indoor exposure on physician-confirmed eczema and allergic symptoms has been investigated. The exposure situation has been characterized on hand of the redecoration activities (painting, floor covering and new furniture) before birth and in the first years of life. Highly exposed children showed a significant effect on allergic disorders. The lifetime prevalences without any vs. all three redecoration activities were for allergic symptoms 9.3% vs. 17.2% and for eczema 11.5% vs. 20.4%. Adjusted for confounders, the redecoration associated burden led to odds ratios of 1.8 (95% CI: 1.3-2.6) for allergic symptoms and 1.9 (95% CI: 1.4-2.7) for eczema. Exposure emissions due to redecoration activities seem to be associated with the risk of eczema and allergic symptoms. Thus, prevention of allergic disorders should include the avoidance of such activities around birth and in the first year of life.

  1. Reconstruction is not renovation - the role of remodeling in asthma.

    PubMed

    Weckmann, Markus; Trian, Thomas; Oliver, Brian Gg

    2009-03-16

    The chronicity of asthma results not only in persistent lung inflammation but also in changes in structure and composition of this vital organ. These changes are most commonly referred to as remodeling, and include epithelial dysplasia, angiogenesis, changes in the extracellular matrix and increased smooth muscle mass. In this review we summarize recent findings on the contribution of remodeling to the pathological phenotype of asthma. We discuss how and why current treatment (such as corticosteroids) options fail to adequately treat remodeling.

  2. Replacement vs. Renovation: The Reincarnation of Hubble Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogurek, Douglas J.

    2010-01-01

    At the original Hubble Middle School, neither the views (a congested Roosevelt Road and glimpses of downtown Wheaton) nor the century-old facility that offered them was very inspiring. Built at the start of the 20th century, the 250,000-square-foot building was converted from Wheaton Central High School to Hubble Middle School in the early 1980s.…

  3. Renovating Organizational Culture: Influencing Your Unit’s Destiny

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    priorities and styles contributes to the 17 John P. Kotter, Leading Change (Boston: Harvard Bussiness Press, 1996), 155-156. 18 Ibid., 156. 33...tend to emplace artificial or self-induced limiting factors when conducting planning or problem solving. As long as something is not prohibited, and...Ready-for-Sea (San Diego, Naval Reserve Intelligence Program, U.S. Department of Defense, 1999); U.S. Department of the Navy, Systems Approach to

  4. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... presence of asbestos, including Category I and Category II nonfriable ACM. The requirements of paragraphs... and Category I and Category II nonfriable ACM. (vi) Estimate of the approximate amount of RACM to be... nonfriable ACM in the affected part of the facility that will not be removed before demolition....

  5. AFRL Solid Propellant Laboratory Explosive Siting and Renovation Lessons Learned

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    resistant windows and remote manipulators (Cells: 1-4, 8, 9 and 11). The basic operations consisted of: mixing, casting and curing of high energy solid...explosion resistant window, eyewash station, safety shower and an AMF remote mechanical manipulator arm. Cell 2. Solid propellant mixing and casting. The...resistant windows, an electronic scale for weighing propellant ingredients and an AMF remote mechanical manipulator arm. Cell 3. Low humidity solid

  6. Computerizing the Classroom: Issues in Architectural Design and Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chase, William M., Jr.; Biancavilla, Dean

    1991-01-01

    The process of computerizing the classroom includes the following: (1) selection of the architect and engineer; (2) survey of existing premises; (3) solidifying program of usage and design; (4) school board approval and bond vote; and (5) final design and construction. Also discusses electrical system engineering, spatial design, illumination,…

  7. Flexible Spaces that Work: Renovating Today for Tomorrow's Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pantano, Phil

    1999-01-01

    Discusses one architectural design firm's answer to designing educational facilities that can grow and change with the times using technology and space planning. Design ideas for libraries/media centers and mini-labs are discussed. The concept emphasizes flexibility in giving teachers a wide range of options in conducting their classes and…

  8. Determining School District Renovation/Remodeling/Repair Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacKenzie, Donald G.; Phillips, Paul

    1991-01-01

    Bond issue funds were earmarked for remodeling 10 schools in a Florida school district. Describes a physical plant survey instrument used to examine each district school building to determine the district needs and the method that prioritizes those needs. (MLF)

  9. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... combined amount of RACM is (i) At least 80 linear meters (260 linear feet) on pipes or at least 15 square meters (160 square feet) on other facility components, or (ii) At least 1 cubic meter (35 cubic feet) off... linear meters (260 linear feet) on pipes and less than 15 square meters (160 square feet) on other...

  10. Renovate and Expand Chamchamal Correctional Facility, Chamchamal, Iraq: Sustainment Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-22

    tanks suitable to provide the required amount of 6 water throughout the entire facility. Underground water ( artesian well , depth of 120 meters...tanks, potable water well and pump unit, firewater pump unit, supply warehouse, wastewater handling septic tanks system, and associated treatment...consumption rate of 100 liters per person per day. Consequently, the contractor needed to design for the installation of multiple new water wells and water

  11. Renovation of HEPnet-J for near-future experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, Soh Y.; Yuasa, Fukuko; Nakamura, Tomoaki; Hara, Takanori

    2015-12-01

    Originally HEPnet-J had only one instance that is connected to Internet as the network connectivity by campus network of institutes in Japan was very limited, so the main purpose of HEPnet-J was providing enough connectivity for interactive use on domestic and international links funded by KEK. In last 10 years, the domestic and international connectivity provided by NRENs have been dramatically improved and they are enough for manual transfer of typical skimmed data files. Therefore, HEPnet-J has many closed networks that connect domestic sites related to specific projects, in order to access them on computer farms in private networks in their home institutes. The rapid growth of data volume makes it unable to apply same model to new generation experiments. As the tier structure for LHC computing sites has proved that the distributed computing model over collaboration sites is really applicable to the huge scale experiment, the external connectivity for international collaboration sites should be faster and secure. For example, the Belle II experiment in KEK will have many repositories in U.S. and EU. The expected throughput from KEK to U.S. is about 20 Gbps, thus it need the bypass of slow security devices like a firewall. Now bypass lines for Belle II are prepared and under tasting. This article reports the brief history of HEPnet- J and recent changes for project-specific networks.

  12. Renovating and refurbishing the field experience structures for novice teachers.

    PubMed

    Little, M E; Robinson, S M

    1997-01-01

    Teacher education at both the preservice and the inservice level has been criticized for not adequately preparing teachers for the demands and challenges in the classrooms of today, or for the future. This article describes a federally funded project awarded through the Office of Special Education Programs. The intended outcome was to improve the knowledge and application of professional skills and competencies for both preservice teachers (student teachers) and inservice teachers (supervising master teachers) through continuous, focused staff development, reflection, discussion, and coaching. The project focused attention on three related issues: (a) the role and training of the supervising and/or master teacher, (b) better partnerships between teacher preparation programs and the public schools, and (c) the effects of school structure on teachers' continued professional growth. This article describes the program planning, goals, activities, components, and impact of this personnel preparation project.

  13. Military Family Housing Demolition, Construction, Renovation, and Leasing Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-10-01

    Squadron/Environmental Flight/Compliance section (27 CES/CEVC) for identification of Areas of Concern and for asbestos and lead-based paint will be...under the Proposed or Alternative Actions. Coordination with local utility suppliers for line identification will be required prior to ground...significant impacts. Coordination with 27 CES/CEVC for identification of Areas of Concern and for asbestos and lead-based paint environmental health

  14. Computerizing the Classroom: Issues in Architectural Design and Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chase, William M., Jr.; Biancavilla, Dean

    1991-01-01

    The process of computerizing the classroom includes the following: (1) selection of the architect and engineer; (2) survey of existing premises; (3) solidifying program of usage and design; (4) school board approval and bond vote; and (5) final design and construction. Also discusses electrical system engineering, spatial design, illumination,…

  15. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... encased in concrete or other similarly hard material and is adequately wet whenever exposed during... temperature at the point of wetting is below 0 °C (32 °F): (i) The owner or operator need not comply with... freezing temperatures, the owner or operator must record the temperature in the area containing the...

  16. Renovating the house of being: genomes, souls, and selves.

    PubMed

    Mauron, Alex

    2003-10-01

    In recent years, the views of the German philosopher Peter Sloterdijk about humanism and the biological self-engineering of mankind caused much turmoil in European intellectual circles. However, this is just one episode in a more general current controversy about the ethics of self-manipulation, a debate that often centers around the recent progress in genomics and the possibility of shaping human genetic structure. The complete sequencing of the human genome has reinforced this focus. Making the human genome the object of a highly visible world-wide research effort has reinforced popular notions stressing the centrality of the genome in defining individuality and humanity. As a result, proponents and opponents of the self-engineering of human nature have often concentrated on technologies related to the genome. However, if one compares "genome-based" and "brain-based" explanations of Self and behavior, it turns out that neural aspects of human nature are more directly relevant. Many philosophical and ethical questions traditionally raised about genetics and genomics acquire more relevance and urgency when re-examined in the context of neuroscience.

  17. Advisory on Relocatable and Renovated Classrooms. IAQ Info Sheet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Health Services, Berkeley.

    Many California school districts, in complying with the Class Size Reduction Program, will obtain relocatable classrooms directly from manufacturers who are under no specific guidelines or codes relative to indoor air quality (IAQ). This document, designed to aid school facility managers in minimizing potential IAQ problems, summarizes the indoor…

  18. Budget-Minded Renovation Lights Up Students' Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDaniel, Craig

    1998-01-01

    Provides considerations for educational facility lighting designs that support student learning while controlling costs. Lighting design decision factors include the types of classroom activities involved, the importance of properly using artificial and indirect lighting, the importance of color rendering, the positioning of windows and skylights,…

  19. State and local retirement plans: innovation and renovation.

    PubMed

    Rajnes, D

    2001-07-01

    This Special Report/Issue Brief examines the universe of state and local retirement plans. It describes how these plans have developed and continue to evolve in a number of areas, including plan features, regulatory framework, governance, and asset management. While these retirement programs differ in many respects from private-sector plans, the disparity in some areas has narrowed. This report also includes a discussion of trends and the underlying forces for change. Public-sector retirement programs provide an important source of pension coverage in the United States, and are a significant part of the total retirement market: Combined public-sector retirement assets (state, local, and federal governments) comprised 29 percent of the $11.2 trillion U.S. retirement market in 1998. State and local plans are dominant in the public-sector retirement market, holding $2.7 trillion in assets, compared with $696 billion held by federal plans (both military and civilian). More than 16 million individuals are employed by state and local jurisdictions in the United States. State and local retirement plans share certain common features because of the environment in which they operate. Legal statutes, governance, and tradition all play a role in defining what is sometimes referred to as a "public-sector culture." Despite common features, there is considerable diversity among public-sector retirement plans. To attract and retain a skilled work force, public-sector employers have increased their use of defined contribution (DC) plans to supplement defined benefit (DB) plans (or, to a lesser extent, replace or serve as an alternative to them) and improve cost-of-living adjustments. At the same time, a combined federal-state regulatory framework has encouraged certain plan design features, unavailable in the private sector, which include multiple tiers for successive generations of employees in a single plan and different strategies to increase portability. State and local retirement plans reflect an increasing role by the federal government in pension system design and operation, which has led to greater complexity in such areas as Social Security participation and deferred compensation arrangements. Complexity can be expected to increase with the recent passage of P.L. 107-16, the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001. The latest full-year data included in this report are for 1999 and in some cases 2000. After this report went to press, the Federal Reserve issued significantly revised quarterly data for state, local, and federal retirement plan assets, which were not incorporated in this Issue Brief.

  20. Basrah International Airport- Terminal and Tower Renovation. Basrah, Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-24

    that it should be directed to (IRMO). IRMO agreed that a properly operating water treatment plant is required to support equipment repairs and make... Water Treatment Plant was completed, although funding is currently not available. Additionally, water plant repairs are an IRMO Transportation...visual check of the passenger terminal, ATC tower, fire station, and plant facility. In addition, the assessment team visited the water treatment plant because

  1. Regency Centers Develops Leadership in Energy-Efficient Renovations

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2013-03-01

    Regency Centers (Regency) partnered with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to retrofit existing buildings to reduce energy consumption by at least 30% versus requirements set by Standard 90.1-2004 of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) as part of DOE’s Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) Program.

  2. Renovating Educational Identities: Policy, Space and Urban Renewal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulson, Kalervo N.

    2005-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the relationship between policy and space in the sociology of education. This paper analyses the relationships between educational policy change, in the form of the "Excellence in cities" policy initiative, and urban change in inner London. I propose, and apply, a framework for a spatialised policy…

  3. Moving Sustainability Forward: Energy Efficient Renovations and Solar Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Bill

    2011-01-01

    For any goal to be a "smart goal" it needs to be specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time sensitive. This is equally true for sustainability goals for educational facilities. Evidence abounds that "green strategies" greatly impact both the academic and operational performance of a school. Agencies from the U.S. Environmental Protection…

  4. The Lead-Safe Certified Guide to Renovate Right

    MedlinePlus

    ... also come from outside soil, your water, or household items (such as lead-glazed pottery and lead ... are addressed in decisions about housing and the environment. Contact CDC Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program for ...

  5. Renovation And Modernization Of Hotel Buildings - Case Studies In Silesia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bradecki, Tomasz; Uherek-Bradecka, Barbara

    2015-12-01

    The cultural heritage of Silesia has different backgrounds and is often characterized by difficult to assess values. There is doubt as to whether some of the existing buildings should be modernized. Since 2000, an increase in the amount of investments in hotel buildings and conference venues in Poland has been observed. The functions and roles of hotels within a city have also changed. The paper presents examples of original projects and realizations of hotel buildings in Silesia. A discussion was also held regarding the issue of adapting and modernizing hotel buildings.

  6. It's We, the Researchers, Who Are in Need of Renovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bekerman, Zvi

    2006-01-01

    The author has been teaching qualitative research in education at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem for some years now. He has a sense that dealing with the issues of research methodology is of importance if researchers do indeed consider anthropology and qualitative methods to have something to contribute to improve the world in which they live.…

  7. 40 CFR 61.145 - Standard for demolition and renovation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... removed as units or in sections. (iv) RACM contained in leak-tight wrapping that has been removed in.... 61.145 Section 61.145 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission...

  8. READ THIS: Before You Design, Build or Renovate

    SciTech Connect

    Joseph Lstiburek

    2006-12-07

    This pamphlet is designed for members of the residential construction and remodeling industries, as well as owners and managers who work in affordable housing, and presents building guidance for both new construction and rehabilitation, as well as practices that can be used by property maintenance personnel.

  9. Osseointegrated silicone finger prosthesis using dental implants: a renovated technique.

    PubMed

    Vinnakota, Dileep Nag; Sankar, V Vijay; Chirumamilla, Naveen; Reddy, V Vamsikrishna

    2014-11-01

    In clinical practice, we come across patients with traumatically amputated or congenitally missing partial or complete fingers that can be restored using microsurgical replantation or transplantation procedures. However, in some cases this might not be possible due to systemic or local factors and the lost or missing part has to be replaced prosthetically to offer psychological and functional wellbeing. These prostheses can be constructed with various materials like acrylics or silicone retained with the help of auxiliary aids. However, these prostheses cause some hindrance in performing functions like writing, typing, etc. The aim of the present trial was to ameliorate the existing design of implant supported finger prosthesis. Distal phalange of middle finger replaced with implant supported silicone finger prosthesis is modified by utilizing a metal framework to support silicone material to improve rigidity while working. We could achieve a good function, esthetics and tactile sensibility with this modified design. Whenever, feasible this design can improve the performance and patients feel a deep sense of satisfaction and improved self-esteem with this modified prosthesis.

  10. Wind Tunnel Renovation, Flow Verification and Flapping Wing Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    26 E. PITOT TUBE FLOW REFERENCE ..........................................................28...RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER IMPROVEMENT ................47 APPENDIX A. PITOT TUBE CALIBRATION...intake and test section mounted horizontally. After the test section, the flow is turned upward through guide vanes and driven by an axial fan powered

  11. Renovating Educational Identities: Policy, Space and Urban Renewal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulson, Kalervo N.

    2005-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the relationship between policy and space in the sociology of education. This paper analyses the relationships between educational policy change, in the form of the "Excellence in cities" policy initiative, and urban change in inner London. I propose, and apply, a framework for a spatialised policy…

  12. Renovation and Repair of the Tanquisson Power Plant (Guam)

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This document may be of assistance in applying the New Source Review (NSR) air permitting regulations including the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements. This document is part of the NSR Policy and Guidance Database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  13. Renovation of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Baghdad, Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-13

    irrigation/ water network improvements electrical grid upgrades maintenance and service plan Civil Work For civil works, the SOW required the...size and date palm trees at least three meters in height in garden sections of the monument site Irrigation/ water network improvements For...irrigation/ water network improvements, the SOW required the contractor to supply and install the following: 4” 75-horsepower pumps main irrigation 4

  14. A Disturbance Scheduling Technique for Managing Renovation Work.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-08

    performance. ..... Thesis Supervisor: Dr. Henry G. Irwig Title: Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering Di~t j dor 2 D~ BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE Wayne E...gratitude to Dr. Henry G. Irwig for his interest, encouragement, and invaluable guidance throughout the preparation of this thesis. I have enjoyed...Building Team," Building Design and Construction, Vol. 27, No. 5, (May 1986), pg 67. 13. Fayol , H. "General and Industrial Management." Pitman Paperbacks

  15. Renovating Home Furnishings, Home and Family Education: 2781.01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linden, Janice

    The course examines the tools, materials, and basic principles used in reupholstering furniture. Techniques involved in using equipment, dismantling furniture, constructing the foundation, making the muslin cover, planning and preparing the platform and covering, and attaching loose wood panels are some of the operations dealt with in the course.…

  16. "Doi Moi" (Renovation) and Higher Education Reform in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thanh, Pham Thi Hong

    2011-01-01

    Vietnam has experienced significant social, economic, political, and educational changes during the last two decades since the "Doi Moi" policy was implemented. To respond to new requirements required by the global economy, Vietnamese education has undergone remarkable reforms. This article critically examines these reforms in three…

  17. 76 FR 56136 - Lead-Based Paint Renovation, Repair and Painting, and Pre-Renovation Education Activities in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ... establishing reciprocity agreements with other states, Tribes, or territories with authorized programs which... courses and providers. The Federal regulations encourage states to establish reciprocity procedures. North... provides for establishing reciprocity arrangements with other states and/or Indian Tribes with...

  18. No High School Diploma? You've Got Options! = No tienes un diploma de la escuela preparatoria? Tienes opciones!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EdSource, 2006

    2006-01-01

    If a student completes high school but is unable to graduate, there are still options. The student can still get a high school diploma whether he or she dropped out, failed the California High School Exit Exam, or did not have enough course credits. As many know, a high school diploma is a passport to a more interesting and better paying job.…

  19. Energia di un sisma e oscillazioni di un pendolo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sigismondi, Costantino; Petracca, Francesco Luigi

    2016-11-01

    The energy released from an earthquake is related to the amplitude of the oscillations of the ground at a given distance from the epicenter. The measurements of chandelier's oscillations in Rome, for the L'Aquila 2009 and Amatrice and Norcia 2016 quakes, are used to obtain their magnitudes.

  20. Apoyando La Energia Sostenible Para Todos (Spanish Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2012-06-01

    The Clean Energy Solutions Center, an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial and UN-Energy, helps governments design and adopt policies and programs that support the deployment of transformational low-carbon technologies. The Solutions Center serves as a first-stop clearinghouse of clean energy policy reports, data, and tools and provides expert assistance and peer-to-peer learning forums. This factsheet highlights key Solutions Center offerings, including 'ask an expert' assistance on clean energy policy matters, training and peer learning, and technical resources for policy makers worldwide.

  1. Servicos Do Centro De Solucoes De Energia Limpa (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-06-01

    This is the Portuguese translation of the Clean Energy Solutions Center Services fact sheet. The Solutions Center helps governments, advisors and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. The Solutions Center partners with international organizations to provide online training, expert assistance, and technical resources on clean energy policy.

  2. Dengue: Vector Biology, Transmission and Control Options in Mexico (El Dengue: Binomia Del Vector, Transmision y Opciones Para su Control en Mexico)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    plaguicidas ", "Resistance of disease vectors and carriers to pesticides" "Resistencia de los vectores de las enfermedades a los plagui- cidas...Organuzac6a Mundial de la S&lud, "Reastmencia de vectores y- reservorios de enfertnedades a "o plaguicidas ", OHS, Scen de Infomna T&zticce (1976...585. Orprizaci6n Mundial de ta Salud, "Resistencia de los. vectorts de Ias enfermedades a los plaguicidas ", OMS5 Sa’ic de Infor- mrer T&scAsk (19Ml 655

  3. Laboratory Development and Lecture Renovation for a Science of Food and Cooking Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miles, Deon T.; Borchardt, Adrienne C.

    2014-01-01

    Several years ago, a new nonscience majors course, The Science of Food and Cooking, was developed at our institution. The course covered basic scientific concepts that would normally be discussed in a typical introductory chemistry course, in the context of food and food preparation. Recently, the course has been revamped in three major ways: (1)…

  4. Assessment of Airborne Exposures and Health in Flooded Homes Undergoing Renovation

    PubMed Central

    Hoppe, Kimberly A.; Metwali, Nervana; Perry, Sarah Spencer; Hart, Tom; Kostle, Pamela A.; Thorne, Peter S.

    2012-01-01

    In June 2008, the Cedar River crested flooding more than 5,000 Cedar Rapids homes. Residents whose homes were flooded were invited to participate in this study. Household assessments and resident interviews were conducted between November 2008 and April 2009. We characterized exposures and symptoms experienced by individuals inhabiting 73 flood-damaged homes. Active air sampling and passive electrostatic dust collectors were used to assess exposures to: culturable mold, culturable bacteria, fungal spores, inhalable particulate matter (iPM), endotoxin, glucans, allergens, lead, asbestos, radon, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. Wall moisture levels and relative humidity were also measured. Exposures and questionnaire-based health assessments were compared at two levels of remediation, in-progress and completed. Homes with remediation in-progress (n=24), as compared to the completed homes (n=49), had significantly higher airborne concentrations of mold, bacteria, iPM, endotoxin and glucan. Residents of in-progress homes had a significantly higher prevalence of doctor diagnosed allergies (adjusted OR=3.08; 95%CI: 1.05–9.02) and all residents had elevated prevalence of self-reported wheeze (adjusted OR=3.77; 95%CI: 2.06–6.92) and prescription medication use for breathing problems (adjusted OR=1.38; 95%CI: 1.01–1.88) after the flood as compared to before. Proper post-flood remediation led to improved air quality and lower exposures among residents living in flooded homes. PMID:22519834

  5. Renovate Right: Important Lead Hazard Information for Families, Child Care Providers and Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Environmental Protection Agency, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Lead can affect children's brains and developing nervous systems, causing reduced IQ, learning disabilities, and behavioral problems. Lead is also harmful to adults. Lead in dust is the most common way people are exposed to lead. People can also get lead in their bodies from lead in soil or paint chips. Lead dust is often invisible. Lead-based…

  6. Energy Renovations: Volume 17: Insulation - A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, Michael C.; Adams, Karen; Hefty, Marye G.; Gilbride, Theresa L.; Love, Pat M.

    2012-05-15

    This report was prepared by PNNL for DOE's Building America program and is intended as a guide that energy performance contractors can share with homeowners to describe various insulation options for improving the energy performance and comfort of existing homes. The report provides descriptions of many common insulation types, including their advantages and disadvantages, R-values, characteristics, and typical uses. The report also describes potentially hazardous products such as asbestos and formaldehyde and safety issues when conducting energy-efficient upgrades including radon. The guide is available for download at the DOE Building America website, www.buildingamerica.gov.

  7. 75 FR 25037 - Lead; Clearance and Clearance Testing Requirements for the Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... evidence of lead carcinogenicity, primarily from animal studies, together with limited human evidence of... laboratory animal evidence has been generated that (a) substantiates well the plausibility of the... experimental animal findings (Ref. 2, section 8.4.2.1; p. 8-31), which provide strong biological plausibility...

  8. Campus Housing Construction and Renovation: An Analysis of Cost and Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimm, James C.; Dunkel, Norbert W.

    This monograph provides ideas and information to those professionals involved in planning and developing student living environments. The information is a compilation of data received from 42 institutions throughout the United States and Canada. The institutions provided information on 25 new construction projects (12 relating to apartment-type…

  9. Energy Renovations: Volume 14: HVAC - A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners

    SciTech Connect

    Gilbride, Theresa L.; Baechler, Michael C.; Hefty, Marye G.; Hand, James R.; Love, Pat M.

    2011-08-29

    This report was prepared by PNNL for DOE's Building America program and is intended as a guide that energy performance contractors can share with homeowners to describe various energy-efficient options for heating, cooling, and ventilating existing homes. The report provides descriptions of many common and not-so-common HVAC systems, including their advantages and disadvantages, efficiency ranges and characteristics of high-performance models, typical costs, and climate considerations. The report also provides decision trees and tables of useful information for homeowners who are making decisions about adding, replacing, or upgrading existing HVAC equipment in their homes. Information regarding home energy performance assessments (audits) and combustion safety issues when replacing HVAC equipment are also provided.

  10. Building America Energy Renovations. A Business Case for Home Performance Contracting

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, Michael C.; Antonopoulos, C. A.; Sevigny, M.; Gilbride, T. L.; Hefty, M. G.

    2012-10-01

    This research report gives an overview of the needs and opportunities that exist in the U.S. home performance contracting industry. The report discusses industry trends, market drivers, different business models, and points of entry for existing and new businesses hoping to enter the home performance contracting industry. Case studies of eight companies who successfully entered the industry are provided, including business metrics, start-up costs, and marketing approaches.

  11. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES... distribution of lead hazard information to owners and occupants of target housing and child-occupied facilities... sampling to be performed by a certified lead-based paint inspector or risk assessor. (ii) Procedures...

  12. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES... distribution of lead hazard information to owners and occupants of target housing and child-occupied facilities... sampling to be performed by a certified lead-based paint inspector or risk assessor. (ii) Procedures...

  13. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES... distribution of lead hazard information to owners and occupants of target housing and child-occupied facilities... distributing the lead hazard information to owners and occupants of housing and child-occupied facilities...

  14. How to renovate a 50-year-old wastewater treating plant: Part 2

    SciTech Connect

    Hunter, M.L.

    1996-02-01

    Updating an existing wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) to meet current federal regulations such as Benzene NESHAP is a challenge for design, construction and scheduling. In this case history, the project team developed and implemented equipment improvements and revised operating procedures for a refinery`s 50-year-old WWTP without interrupting operations. Because it was cost-prohibitive to force downtime or a slow down in refining production, Amoco`s design team had to cover the API sump with as little disruption to operations as possible. Sealing WWPT involved installing vapor-control methods. The project team used value-based engineering and creative thinking to ``seal`` the equalization and storm-surge tanks, DAF flocculation and flotation zones, etc. Modifications and results from these modifications are described.

  15. 40 CFR 61.150 - Standard for waste disposal for manufacturing, fabricating, demolition, renovation, and spraying...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., wetting, and handling operations, or use the methods specified by § 61.152 to clean emissions containing...; and (iv) Label the containers or wrapped materials specified in paragraph (a)(1)(iii) of this section using warning labels specified by Occupational Safety and Health Standards of the Department of Labor...

  16. 40 CFR 61.150 - Standard for waste disposal for manufacturing, fabricating, demolition, renovation, and spraying...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., wetting, and handling operations, or use the methods specified by § 61.152 to clean emissions containing...; and (iv) Label the containers or wrapped materials specified in paragraph (a)(1)(iii) of this section using warning labels specified by Occupational Safety and Health Standards of the Department of Labor...

  17. Historic Buildings of the Warsaw University of Technology - Selected Issues of Renovation, Modernisation and Adaptation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagner, Anna Agata

    2016-06-01

    The historic buildings of the Warsaw University of Technology display not only outstanding architectural values, but are also representative of the trends in preservation, restoration, and adaptation that were prevalent at the time of their modernization. The post-war rebuilding of the WUT was more akin to modernization than reconstruction. But the freedom to shape modern architectural forms in the 1960s and '70s brought with it a lack of respect for their historic environment. A change in the approach to historic buildings and their integration with modern architecture came in the late 1970s. The most recent modernization of the WUT's historic buildings, especially after Poland's accession to the EU, resulted in many good examples of proper, harmonious integration between the `modern' and the `traditional'.

  18. Assessment of airborne exposures and health in flooded homes undergoing renovation.

    PubMed

    Hoppe, K A; Metwali, N; Perry, S S; Hart, T; Kostle, P A; Thorne, P S

    2012-12-01

    In June 2008, the Cedar River crested flooding more than 5000 Cedar Rapids homes. Residents whose homes were flooded were invited to participate in this study. Household assessments and resident interviews were conducted between November 2008 and April 2009. We characterized exposures and symptoms experienced by individuals inhabiting 73 flood-damaged homes. Active air sampling and passive electrostatic dust collectors were used to assess exposures to culturable mold, culturable bacteria, fungal spores, inhalable particulate matter (iPM), endotoxin, glucans, allergens, lead, asbestos, radon, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. Wall moisture levels and relative humidity were also measured. Exposures and questionnaire-based health assessments were compared at two levels of remediation, in-progress and completed. Homes with remediation in-progress (N = 24), as compared to the completed homes (N = 49), had significantly higher airborne concentrations of mold, bacteria, iPM, endotoxin, and glucan. Residents of in-progress homes had a significantly higher prevalence of doctor-diagnosed allergies (adjusted OR = 3.08; 95% CI: 1.05, 9.02) and all residents had elevated prevalence of self-reported wheeze (adjusted OR = 3.77; 95% CI: 2.06, 6.92) and prescription medication use for breathing problems (adjusted OR = 1.38; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.88) after the flood as compared to before. Proper post-flood remediation led to improved air quality and lower exposures among residents living in flooded homes. The number and severity of floods is on the rise, and health departments need evidence-based information to advise homeowners on recovery after such disasters. Our study suggests that proper remediation of flood-damaged homes can reduce bioaerosols to acceptable levels but exposures are significantly increased while remediation is in-progress leading to an increased burden of allergy and allergic rhinitis. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  19. Data completion with Hilbert transform over plane rectangle: Technique renovation for the Grad-Shafranov reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, H. J.; Li, C. Y.; Feng, X. S.; Xiang, J.; Huang, Y. Y.; Zhou, S. D.

    2017-04-01

    Hilbert transforms (HT) have first been used to build the essential technique of Grad-Shafranov (GS) reconstruction by Li et al. (2013), where the problem of ill posedness in GS reconstruction has been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we present an extended Hilbert transform (EHT) over the plane rectangle. In contrast to previous one (HT over the unit circular region), corner singularities are introduced into these new formulae. It is confronted by problems like the integral with both endpoint singularities, and the semiinfinite integral with one endpoint singularity, as these EHT formulae are used to rebuild the essential technique of GS reconstruction. Two additional mathematic tools are adopted in this study. First, high-accuracy quadrature schemes are constructed for those improper integrals based on the double exponential (DE) transformations. Benchmark testing with the analytic solutions on a rectangular boundary has shown the efficiency and robustness of the EHT formulae. Second, the data completion or the inverse boundary value problem is solved with the help of a truncated Chebyshev series, which approximates the unknown boundary gradients in very high efficiency under the only assumption that they are Lipschitz continuous on each side of the rectangle. Combining the introduced EHT formulae and the two needed mathematic tools, the essential technique of GS reconstruction is formulated into a linear system of Fredholm equations of the first kind. Then a three-parameter Tikhonov regularization scheme is developed to deal with the ill-posed linear operators appearing in the discretized linear system. This new approach for data completion over the plane rectangle is benchmarked with the analytic solutions. Numerical experiments highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method.

  20. Renovation of Optically Active Phenanthrolines as Powerful Chiral Ligands for Versatile Asymmetric Metal Catalysis.

    PubMed

    Naganawa, Yuki; Nishiyama, Hisao

    2016-12-01

    In the field of asymmetric synthesis, the development of new chiral ligands has been regarded as an attractive challenge for decades. Novel chiral ligands can often have a great impact on synthetic protocols. In this context, we are currently interested in the application of 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) as an entirely new class of chiral ligand. To handle this issue, we designed a chiral phen ligand that provides the N,N,O-tridentate coordination of the phen moiety and an additional phenolic hydroxyl group. As phen possesses greater coordination ability with various ions, our chiral phen ligand would be valuable as one of the "privileged" chiral ligands applied to a broad range of metal catalysts and new reactions. This account summarizes the results of the application of the chiral phen ligand to various kinds of metal catalysis. © 2016 The Chemical Society of Japan & Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. Substance use disorders and HIV in Vietnam since Doi Moi (Renovation): an overview.

    PubMed

    Giang, Le Minh; Ngoc, Lung Bich; Hoang, Vu Huy; Mulvey, Kevin; Rawson, Richard A

    2013-12-01

    Drawing from published and gray literature, this manuscript focuses on the following topics: (1) changing patterns of substance use and abuse in Vietnam since the early 1990s; (2) the roles of substance use in the HIV epidemic; (3) the responses of the Vietnamese government and other entities (both domestic and international) to substance use disorders (SUDs) and HIV; and (4) the current research capacity in Vietnam and ways in which furthering research in Vietnam could enrich our knowledge of the linkages between SUDs and HIV and of effective measures to reduce their public health consequences. A growing number of studies during the past two decades show dynamic and still evolving twin epidemics of SUDs and HIV in Vietnam, including a shift from consumption of opium to heroin and amphetamine-type stimulants, the concurrent use of drugs, and the increasing embrace by the government of internationally recognized effective responses (including harm reduction and methadone substitution therapy). And yet, remaining issues, such as the rapid ascendance of amphetamine-type stimulant use among the country's most vulnerable populations, the lack of effective integration of SUD and HIV services for HIV-infected drug users, and the reliance on international resources for maintaining quality services, among others, are posing challenges for building sustainable Vietnamese responses. Therefore, building local research and training capacity is a crucial foundation to meet these challenges.

  2. [SGTB orthopedic regime to correct protrusive skeletal anomalies: a developmental path through evolution, renovation and innovation].

    PubMed

    Shen, Gang

    2015-10-01

    Sagittal-guidance Twin-block appliance (SGTB), an orthopedic therapy that has been widely implemented in orthodontic practice since it was introduced by the author a decade ago. This overview was aimed to clarify the fundamental mechanism of SGTB in correction of skeletal malocclusions, i.e., retraction of the maxilla triggered by the muscular force generated from mandibular forward positioning. This overview was also designed to summarize the evolutionary pathway through which SGTB regime originated and developed from removable, bonded and to the latest form of clear aligner SGTB. It was concluded that SGTB promised to be an efficient orthopedic approach to manage complicated and severe dentofacial anomalies with skeletal element.

  3. `Old-New' Mining Towns - Examples of the Renovation and Adaptation of Post-Industrial Objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Langer, Piotr

    2016-06-01

    Poland's economic transformation has proved to be a critical phase in the contemporary development of its industrial cities, initiating profound spatial and functional changes. In researching the basics of the development of `post-industrial' cities, it can be seen that the work undertaken is focused on reusing post-industrial buildings and objects. This results not only in functional changes in the appearance and condition of the transformed structures, but also preserves or destroys their authenticity and historical identity. This problem is linked with several phenomena, including `aware inactivity', `destructive adaptation', and `false revitalization'.

  4. Histoplasmosis outbreak associated with the renovation of an old house - Quebec, Canada, 2013.

    PubMed

    2014-01-03

    On May 19, 2013, a consulting physician contacted the Laurentian Regional Department of Public Health (Direction de santé publique des Laurentides [DSP]) in Quebec, Canada, to report that two masons employed by the same company to do demolition work were experiencing cough and dyspnea accompanied by fever. Other workers also were said to be ill. DSP initiated a joint infectious disease, environmental health, and occupational health investigation to determine the extent and cause of the outbreak. The investigation identified 14 persons with respiratory symptoms among 30 potentially exposed persons. A strong correlation was found between exposure to demolition dust containing bat or bird droppings and a diagnosis of histoplasmosis. Temporary suspension of construction work at the demolition site in Saint-Eustache, Quebec, northwest from Montreal, and transport of the old masonry elements to a secure site for burial were ordered, and information about the disease was provided to workers and residents. To prevent future outbreaks, recommendations included disinfection of any contaminated material, disposal of waste material with proper control of aerosolized dust, and mandatory use of personal protective equipment such as gloves, protective clothing, and adequate respirators.

  5. Kinetic studies on phosphorus sorption by selected soil amendments for septic tank effluent renovation.

    PubMed

    Cheung, K C; Venkitachalam, T H

    2006-01-01

    A systematic kinetic study of phosphorus (P) sorption by various materials in the soil infiltration system of septic tanks was undertaken by following the time course of P sorption by sorbents in contact with various P solutions over periods up to 360 days. Uptake of P seemed to consist of two distinct stages. Initial uptake was very rapid and this phase was completed in 4 days or less. A slower removal stage followed for some materials over many months. Phosphorus sorption during the fast reaction stage appeared to be associated with the soluble Ca content of the materials. The fast reaction of calcareous materials accounted for the bulk (>70%) of the total P removed. Merribrook loamy sand exhibited the highest proportion of P sorption during the slow phase. It should be noted, however, that for solution P concentrations in the range found in typical effluents (approximately 20 mg L(-1)) the fast reaction phase seemed to be responsible for virtually all P removed. None of the six kinetic formulae examined possessed the sophistication and detail needed to portray accurately the time course of P sorption for all the sorbents investigated. The Elovich equation and the kinetic modification of the Freundlich isotherm expression appeared to provide a reasonable fit of the experimental data.

  6. Possibilities of Heat Pump Integration for the Renovation of Dwelling Houses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinaitis, Vytautas; Siupsinskas, Giedrius

    2011-01-01

    The technical solutions for the installation of heat pumps in individual houses are well known, but its integration in the existing systems in dwelling houses is not common. Heat pump technology is referred to as renewable but would have technical, economic and environmental impact on the whole existing heat supply system in a dwelling house. The aim of this article is to investigate the possibility of using heat pumps for supplying heat to the existing residential buildings. This article examines the possibilities to supplement the engineering systems with additional heat pumps. The smallest heat pump end-user group is the dwelling stairwell. The possibility to use heat pumps in a separate apartment has not been analysed. This article analyses the integration of heat pumps for residential heat supply in the building. The primary heat source is the exhaust air or wastewater. All calculations have been made for several real existing dwelling houses in Birštonas town (Lithuania) within the framework of the CONCERTO Eco-Life project. The analysis also provides economic and environmental assessment of the alternatives. This research was supported by EC FP7 CONCERTO program ("Sustainable Zero Carbon ECO-Town Developments Improving Quality of Life across EU - ECO-Life" (ECO-Life Project) Contract No. TREN/FP7EN/239497/"ECOLIFE").

  7. The impact of managed care on women's health research: innovation versus renovation.

    PubMed

    Moore, D L; Bernard, S

    1997-01-01

    The success of managed care organizations (MCOs) is correlated to its ability to reduce health care costs. Increasingly, however, MCOs' success in providing quality care has been questioned. Of particular interest to the American Medical Women's Association will be MCOs' impact on women's health research, women's health researchers, and women's health. The authors conclude that MCOs will influence both the type and extent of clinical research performed. MCOs will increase the clinical research focus on prevention and medical effectiveness studies which will have a particular benefit for women. At the same time, MCOs will decrease the traditional focus on clinical trials designed to evaluate medical efficacy. If current trends continue, the ultimate impact of MCOs on women's health research will yield improved processes for providing care without improved technologies for providing cure.

  8. [Exposure to crystalline silica in the air during renovation of residential buildings].

    PubMed

    Cavariani, F; Bedini, L; De Rossi, M; Papandrea, F; Carai, A; Cacchioli, G

    2006-01-01

    Exposure to respirable cristalline silica dust during construction activities can cause silicosis and, in accordance with International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), even lung cancer. Among the different facets of construction, residential buildings are of particular interest because the lack of exposure data for workers employed. In this sector a dry sand-blasting of brick ceiling and renewal activities has been investigated. The survey has been carried out in a civil dwelling and 58 samples have been collected using the SKC aluminium cyclone and Door-Oliver plastic cyclone at flow-rate 2.2-1.7 l/min. The respirable dust samples were analysed by x-ray diffraction using NIOSH Method 7500. Even if the results of this study should be considered preliminary, they showed SLC respirable concentrations even many time above TLV-TWA during a sand-blasting activities and some times also during the other activities. Awaiting the correct classification from European Community, it would be desiderable that the workers would had appropriate information and prevention on the specific risks associated to the dust in the construction activities.

  9. The Impact of School Facility Construction and Renovation on Academic Achievement in Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, Shannon J.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the possible relationship between school facility conditions and student academic achievement. Participating schools designated as having new facilities were determined by the campus earning an Educational Appropriateness Award from the Texas Association of School Boards between 2005 and 2009. Older…

  10. Privilege in Parentheses: A Reader's Renovated Place in Ricardo Piglia's "Plata quemada"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schulenburg, Chris T.

    2012-01-01

    As the newspaper continues to lose ground to a multitude of internet discourses, the role of intellectuals as a voice of opposition to hegemonic sources receives ever more intense scrutiny. In particular, the novel "Plata quemada" (1997) by the Argentine novelist Ricardo Piglia presents this intellectual dilemma and its newfound…

  11. 76 FR 55883 - Department of Defense Program for Construction, Renovation, Repair or Expansion of Public Schools...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-09

    ... Federal evaluation team will review the request and conduct a site visit to the respective school and community/installation prior to making a recommendation to the decision official, who is the OEA Director. A... capacity or facility condition deficiencies at such schools: Provided further, that in making such funds...

  12. A Renovation Decision-Support Model for Evaluating the Functional Condition of Army Facilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-04-01

    for conditional use, and is therefore completely unacceptable for the facility’s intended mission. "OSHA: Ocupational Safety and Health Administration...applies to the 20 Exterior Interior Electrical HVAC Physical Conditio SBuilding Layout Suitability Health & Safety Sound & Visual Environment 1...Floors - Floor load ratings - Floor finishes 7. Health and safety - Fim safety - Health hazards (asbestos, radon, indoor air pollution, etc

  13. 76 FR 47917 - Lead; Clearance and Clearance Testing Requirements for the Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ... changes to the training program accreditation application process, standards for e-learning in accredited... accreditation application process, standards for e-learning in accredited training programs, minimum enforcement... accreditation application process, standards for e-learning in accredited training programs, minimum enforcement...

  14. Final Environmental Assessment to Renovate Fourth Cliff Recreational Area at Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-17

    Section 6 includes copies of consultation. Mr. Jim Peters- Director of the Massachusetts Commission on Indian Affairs Mr. Cedric Cromwell ...CELE 120 Grenier Street Hanscom A FB MA 0 1731-1910 Mr. Cedric Cromwell Tribal Council- Chairm<lJ) Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe 483 G•·eat Neck Road

  15. 40 CFR 61.150 - Standard for waste disposal for manufacturing, fabricating, demolition, renovation, and spraying...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... apply to Category I nonfriable ACM waste and Category II nonfriable ACM waste that did not become...) The requirements of paragraph (b) of this section do not apply to Category I nonfriable ACM that...

  16. 40 CFR 745.326 - Renovation: State and Tribal program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... programs, development of the appropriate infrastructure or government capacity to effectively carry out a...) Training curriculum requirements. (B) Training hour requirements. (C) Hands-on training requirements. (D...

  17. Final Environmental Assessment: Proposed Renovation of Building 225, Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-07-22

    reduction for Hill AFB. The proposed action would eliminate potential worker exposures to asbestos fibers and lead-based paint particles. During...reduction in air emissions would be achieved. Eliminates potential worker exposures to asbestos fibers . Current conditions would continue...Potential for worker exposures to asbestos fibers . Solid and Hazardous Wastes Potential hazardous wastes would be tested and disposed as required by law

  18. Laboratory Development and Lecture Renovation for a Science of Food and Cooking Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miles, Deon T.; Borchardt, Adrienne C.

    2014-01-01

    Several years ago, a new nonscience majors course, The Science of Food and Cooking, was developed at our institution. The course covered basic scientific concepts that would normally be discussed in a typical introductory chemistry course, in the context of food and food preparation. Recently, the course has been revamped in three major ways: (1)…

  19. Indoor Multi-Sensor Acquisition System for Projects on Energy Renovation of Buildings

    PubMed Central

    Armesto, Julia; Sánchez-Villanueva, Claudio; Patiño-Cambeiro, Faustino; Patiño-Barbeito, Faustino

    2016-01-01

    Energy rehabilitation actions in buildings have become a great economic opportunity for the construction sector. They also constitute a strategic goal in the European Union (EU), given the energy dependence and the compromises with climate change of its member states. About 75% of existing buildings in the EU were built when energy efficiency codes had not been developed. Approximately 75% to 90% of those standing buildings are expected to remain in use in 2050. Significant advances have been achieved in energy analysis, simulation tools, and computer fluid dynamics for building energy evaluation. However, the gap between predictions and real savings might still be improved. Geomatics and computer science disciplines can really help in modelling, inspection, and diagnosis procedures. This paper presents a multi-sensor acquisition system capable of automatically and simultaneously capturing the three-dimensional geometric information, thermographic, optical, and panoramic images, ambient temperature map, relative humidity map, and light level map. The system integrates a navigation system based on a Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) approach that allows georeferencing every data to its position in the building. The described equipment optimizes the energy inspection and diagnosis steps and facilitates the energy modelling of the building. PMID:27240379

  20. Renovation of unknown coefficients of fixing and loading by the spectral data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akhymbek, Meiram; Yessirkegenov, Nurgisa

    2016-12-01

    In the current paper there is studied a problem of bending vibrations of a beam in which the binding on the right-hand end is unknown and not available for visual inspection. The main objective is to study an inverse problem: find additional unknown boundary conditions by additional spectral data, i.e. the conditions of fixing the right-hand end of the rod. In this work, unlike many other works, as such additional conditions we choose the first natural frequencies (eigenvalues) of two new problems corresponding to the problem of bending vibrations of a beam with loads of different weights at the central point.