Science.gov

Sample records for enn velmre andres

  1. The ENN project. ENN exploitation plan.

    PubMed

    Dekena, R; Rehm-Berbenni, C; Seyfried, K

    2000-01-01

    The objective of the ENN-European Neurologic Network project is to improve knowledge and treatment of sleep disorders, headache and epilepsy. The means to obtain this objective shall be certain software to be distributed to the appropriate users in the medical field and the collection of relevant cases, in order to set up a neurological database. It is intended that the distribution of the above mentioned software and access to the database, will be able to finance research projects in the neurological field. The outcome of the EU funded project have been six prototypes, which need further work in order to establish a system of compatible and linked products. A particular emphasis of this work should be put on making the products as process oriented as possible. At the time being there are already products available in the market, which would be competing with particular ENN prototypes, but there is no set of compatible and linked products, which would be comparable with the intended set of ENN neurological tools. Such set of tools therefore could be a unique selling proposition. Intellectual property rights and legal implications have to be taken into consideration for the marketing of the ENN products. It has to be made sure, that no third party can assert violation of its IPRs and that, a protection of the products can be attained by appropriate application for IPRs. In the legal field in particular the prescriptions of data protection legislation have to be observed e.g. by obtaining the written consent of patients, whose cases are reported. The marketing concept should be set up as a short-term, middle-term, long-term strategy. The short-term strategy should concentrate on carrying out a market validation study at European level and simultaneously the development from prototype to products. The middle-term strategy should be directed towards the market introduction of the ENN products in Europe. The long-term strategy should comprise marketing of the products

  2. Major Andre

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henisch, B. A.; Henisch, H. K.

    1976-01-01

    If most Revolutionary era people seem two-dimensional their lives simpler to understand than ours, it may be only that history, with the benefit of hindsight, clarifies. Examines a profile of Major John Andre, the British liaison officer in Benedict Arnold's plan to surrender West Point, as both hero and villain to show the complexity of early…

  3. Reactivity of San Andres dolomite

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, M.S. )

    1991-05-01

    The San Andres formation is routinely stimulated with acid. Although numerous acidizing simulators are available to aid in treatment optimization, existing reactivity data were generated with quarried rock rather than formation samples. This paper presents reactivity data for five San Andres dolomite samples. These data can be used in most fracture-acidizing-design simulators to allow more accurate simulation of the acidizing process.

  4. André Guinier (1911-2000)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Comes, R.

    2002-07-01

    André Guinier died on 3 July 2000, he was a pioneer of crystallography of crystalline imperfections and their influence on physical properties of materials. He leaves an active research school in a variety of domains. André Guinier, décédé le 3 juillet 2000, a été l'un des pionniers de la cristallographie des imperfections cristallines et de leurs influences sur les propriétés physiques des matériaux. Il laisse derrière lui une école vivante de recherche dans des domaines très variés.

  5. PT symmetric Aubry-Andre model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuce, C.

    2014-06-01

    PT symmetric Aubry-Andre model describes an array of N coupled optical waveguides with position-dependent gain and loss. We show that the reality of the spectrum depends sensitively on the degree of quasi-periodicity for small number of lattice sites. We obtain the Hofstadter butterfly spectrum and discuss the existence of the phase transition from extended to localized states. We show that rapidly changing periodical gain/loss materials almost conserve the total intensity.

  6. Otomi de San Andres Cuexcontitlan, Estado de Mexico (Otomi of San Andres Cuexcontitlan, State of Mexico).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lastra, Yolanda

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken by the Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Otomi, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in San Andres Cuexcontitlan, in the state of Mexico. The objective of collecting such a representative…

  7. [Health levels in San Andres Cholula].

    PubMed

    Alvarez Martinez, A; Corro Fernandez, G; Balmaceda, M

    1991-12-01

    In matters of health and curing, the community of San Andres Cholula in Puebla, Mexico, demonstrates a syncretism similar to religious syncretism. Perspectives on illness and health consistent with the traditional medical practices of curanderos coexist with modern medical practices. Curanderos and physicians often treat the same patients. A curandero's powers are viewed as a special gift transmitted by God or the saints during a dream. The curandero effects a cure not only through knowledge of the medicinal plants, rites, and ceremonies, but by understanding the context of the patient. The Western medical concept of disease emphasizes a biological model and technological control, to the detriment of mental, behavioral, and social factors and determinants. The traditional medical concept stresses the relationship of the individual to the social and ecological environment. Improvements in life expectancy in the developing countries in recent years have been attributed to improved levels of living or to importation of vaccination programs, antibiotics, and similar technologies from the developed countries. The vital register of San Andres Cholula records many deaths whose cause cannot be easily interpreted according to the World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases. It is clear, however, that the root cause of many deaths is malnutrition. The proportion of deaths caused by infectious diseases has declined in Mexico since 1940, but Puebla is still included among the states with the highest incidence. There are great regional and rural-urban mortality differentials in Mexico. In the past 50 years, the infant mortality rate has declined from 250 to 40/1000 live births in San Andres Cholula, more as a result of vaccination campaigns than of improved levels of living. 89% of children have been vaccinated, but the population still lives in about the same state of material comfort as it has for generations except that most households have televisions

  8. Two Versions of the Negative Compatibility Effect: Comment on Lleras and Enns (2004)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klapp, Stuart T.

    2005-01-01

    A. Lleras and J. T. Enns (see record 2004-21166-001) demonstrated a negative influence of a masked arrow that is attributable to the perceptual interaction between the arrow and the mask when these have properties in common (in this case diagonal lines). Although the present analysis is in agreement that this type of perceptual interaction can…

  9. Satellite Movie Shows Andres Weaken to a Tropical Storm

    NASA Video Gallery

    This animation of imagery from NOAA's GOES-West satellite from June 1 to 3 shows Hurricane Andres eye disappear and weaken to a tropical storm in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, south of Baja California...

  10. 78 FR 21344 - In the Matter of: Andro Telemi, a/k/a Andre Telimi, a/k/a Andre Telemi; 8868 Bluffdale Drive, La...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-10

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security In the Matter of: Andro Telemi, a/k/a Andre Telimi, a/k/a Andre Telemi..., in the U.S. District Court, Northern District of Illinois, Andro Telemi, a/k/a Andre Telimi, a/k/a... under home confinement, 500 hours of community service, a fine of $10,000 and a $100 assessment....

  11. André Danjon et l'informatique.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arsac, J.

    There is not any paper by André Danjon about computer science. The only way to know his ideas about it is through his action. At the end of the fifties, several scientists in astronomy and astrophysics had been convinced that a computer would be of great help in their research works. André Danjon immediatly agreed that it was a good idea. He greatly supported them in the process of having a computer bought by the Meudon Observatory. A computing center was started there in 1959. As soon as 1957, André Danjon had initiated a French association for computing, the "association française de calcul". This association provoked a world meeting of associations for information processing in Paris in 1959, where the IFIPS has been created.

  12. Metals in sediments of San Andres lagoon, Tamaulipas, Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Vazquez, F.G.; Aguilera, L.G. ); Sharma, V.K. )

    1994-03-01

    Heavy metal pollution in water is generally associated with industrial and municipal discharges into rivers, estuaries and lagoons. Once metals are in the water column, they may be taken up by organisms, deposited in the sediments or remain for some period in the water itself. The deposition rate in sediments depends on, among other factors, metal concentration in surface sediments. The concentrations of heavy metals in sediments of coastal, estuarine and lagoon environments have been determined by many workers. For the past several years, we have been interested in determining trace and heavy metal concentrations in the lagoons in Mexico to establish the levels of metal pollution. The work reported here is the completion of our ongoing study in San Andres lagoon. San Andres lagoon is located north of two industrial ports, Tampico and Altamira. In this industrial zone, the basins of the Panuco and Tamesi Rivers are localized and have industrial effluent throughout the year. All these activities and the input of the Tigre River, which runs through an agricultural and cattle-raising region, may affect the biogeochemistry of the San Andres lagoon. In the present work, we report concentrations of Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Zn and Pb in sediments of San Andres lagoon. The measurements were made in different seasons; Rain-84 (August-September 1984); North (October-December 1984); Dry (April 1985); and Rain-85 (April-June 1985). 13 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  13. "Octagon Magic": Andre Norton and Revitalizing the Girls' Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dressel, Janice Hartwick; Molson, Francis J.

    1996-01-01

    Argues that Andre Norton's "Octagon Magic" is neither a conventional girls' book, nor a witch tale, nor a time fantasy but rather a unique coming-of-age story best understood within the context of theorists such as Carol Gilligan, Mary Belenk, and Jean Baker Miller. (TB)

  14. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Andre, November 15, 1777, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Andre, November 15, 1777, Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, California, See Catalog of Graphic Material #44, PHOTOCOPY OF 'MUD ISLAND WITH THE OPERATIONS FOR REDUCING IT'. - Fort Mifflin, Mud Island, Marine & Penrose Ferry Roads, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  15. [András Jósa, the physician].

    PubMed

    Jakó, János

    2010-01-01

    András Jósa was the most important and renowned physician in county Szabolcs (Hungary) in the 19th-20th centuries. Author outlines his biography and analyses his medical activity. Present article is based on a memorial lecture given at the meeting of the Hungarian Society for the History of Medicine in Budapest 24th September 2009.

  16. Two versions of the negative compatibility effect: comment on Lleras and Enns (2004).

    PubMed

    Klapp, Stuart T

    2005-08-01

    A. Lleras and J. T. Enns demonstrated a negative influence of a masked arrow that is attributable to the perceptual interaction between the arrow and the mask when these have properties in common (in this case diagonal lines). Although the present analysis is in agreement that this type of perceptual interaction can occur, it also demonstrates that this is not the only way a masked arrow can produce a negative influence. The most critical finding is that a negative influence occurred even when the arrow and mask did not share the common properties that would be needed for this type of perceptual interaction. This illustrates the version of the negative compatibility effect that was studied by S. T. Klapp and L. B. Hinkley (2002) and others.

  17. An explicit André-Oort type result for

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paulin, Roland

    2015-07-01

    Using class field theory we prove an explicit result of Andr\\'e-Oort type for $\\mathbb{P}^1(\\mathbb{C}) \\times \\mathbb{G}_m(\\mathbb{C})$. In this variation the special points of $\\mathbb{P}^1(\\mathbb{C})$ are the singular moduli, while the special points of $\\mathbb{G}_m(\\mathbb{C})$ are defined to be the roots of unity.

  18. Complication inhabituelle de la radiothérapie: la perforation cornéenne: à propos d’un cas

    PubMed Central

    Elghazi, Taha; Omor, Youssef; Hafidi, Zouheir; Eljai, Amine; Elmoize, Zakaria; Afif, Mohammed; Amazouzi, Abdellah; Cherkaoui, Lalla Ouafae; Daoudi, Rajae

    2016-01-01

    Les complications oculaires post radiques sont fréquentes au cours de l'irradiation des tumeurs de la tête et du cou. Certaines sont bénignes et transitoires, d'autres peuvent être très graves pouvant mettre en jeu la fonction visuelle. Nous discuterons à travers ce cas rare et inhabituel, les différentes manifestations et complications oculaires et surtout cornéenne de la radiothérapie ainsi que les modalités diagnostiques et thérapeutiques d'une perforation cornéenne qui représente une complication redoutable de la radiothérapie. PMID:28250888

  19. Dense gaps in the interacting Aubry-André model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mastropietro, Vieri

    2016-06-01

    We consider the interacting Aubry-André model describing fermions on a one-dimensional lattice with an incommensurate potential and a short-range many-body interaction. The single-particle spectrum has infinitely many gaps in the extended phase and at zero temperature is an insulator for almost all the chemical potentials. The many-body interaction has the effect that the gaps are strongly decreased or increased depending on the attractive or repulsive nature of the interaction, but even the smallest gaps remain open. The system is a band insulator for generic chemical potentials even in the presence of interaction, and a quantum phase transition is excluded at weak coupling.

  20. What is Tetramorium semilaeve André, 1883? (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)

    PubMed Central

    Borowiec, Lech; Galkowski, Christophe; Salata, Sebastian

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Tetramorium semilaeve André, 1883 is redescribed based on the type series and new material from terra typica (Pyrénées-Orientales). Lectotype worker is designated. Detailed descriptions of gyne and male are given. A review of material from the Mediterranean area suggests that in the past the name Tetramorium semilaeve has been applied to more than one species and the true Tetramorium semilaeve is common only in the western part of the Mediterranean basin. The structure of the male genitalia is the most reliable set of characters allowing a proper distinction of species in Tetramorium semilaeve species group. All names attributed to the former name “semilaeve” are discussed. PMID:26257559

  1. Neurology and surrealism: André Breton and Joseph Babinski.

    PubMed

    Haan, Joost; Koehler, Peter J; Bogousslavsky, Julien

    2012-12-01

    Before he became the initiator of the surrealist movement, André Breton (1896-1966) studied medicine and worked as a student in several hospitals and as a stretcher bearer at the front during World War I. There he became interested in psychiatric diseases such as hysteria and psychosis, which later served as a source of inspiration for his surrealist writings and thoughts, in particular on automatic writing. Breton worked under Joseph Babinski at La Pitié, nearby La Salpêtrière, and became impressed by the 'sacred fever' of the famous neurologist. In this article, we describe the relationship between Breton and Babinski and try to trace back whether not only Breton's psychiatric, but also his neurological experiences, have influenced surrealism. We hypothesize that Breton left medicine in 1920 partly as a consequence of his stay with Babinski.

  2. ENN-ICS--implementation and evaluation of a multilingual learning management system for sleep medicine in Europe.

    PubMed

    Knobl, Brigitte; Paiva, Teresa; Jungmann, Dieter; Böhme, Rico; Penzel, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    A new web based network aims at the improvement of health care in Europe by integrating advanced e-learning and e-publishing technologies for the training of medical doctors, nurses, and students. The field of application is sleep physiology and sleep medicine. Based on a multilingual, multimedia communication system, ENN-ICS Centre offers direct access to medical information for users, i.e healthcare professionals and citizens, in Europe and worldwide. The use of XML supports the development of media independent contents for multiple target groups. Editorial and distributive processes are supported by customized central editorial, content management and learning management systems (CMS, LMS). ENN-ICS e-health services are evaluated by selected user groups in North, Middle and Southern Europe using reliable and scientifically accepted validation instruments. The compliance with essential quality requirements and criteria is tested and verified by using online questionnaires based on the DISCERN questionnaire for evaluating patient information, the HON principles for health-related websites and the GMDS catalogue of quality criteria for electronic publications in medicine. The system architecture and its exemplary applications can be used as a model for future e-health services dealing with neurological and other medical topics.

  3. Dietary intake, physical activity and nutritional status in adults: the French nutrition and health survey (ENNS, 2006-2007).

    PubMed

    Castetbon, Katia; Vernay, Michel; Malon, Aurélie; Salanave, Benoit; Deschamps, Valérie; Roudier, Candice; Oleko, Amivi; Szego, Emmanuelle; Hercberg, Serge

    2009-09-01

    The French National Programme on Nutrition and Health (Programme national nutrition santé (PNNS)), the aim of which is to reduce nutrition-related chronic diseases, necessitates monitoring of nutritional characteristics. Our objective was to describe dietary intake, physical activity and nutritional status in a national sample of adults, especially according to current French recommendations. The study is based on a cross-sectional population-based survey using a multistage sampling design (Etude nationale nutrition santé (ENNS)). Between February 2006 and March 2007, 3115 18-74-year-old adults were included (participation rate 59.7 %). Energy, macronutrient and food consumption were estimated through three randomly distributed 24 h recalls, and compared to PNNS recommendations; physical activity was described using International Physical Activity Questionnaire guidelines; anthropometry, blood pressure and biochemical measurements were assessed according to national and international references. When compared to current recommendations, intake of carbohydrates (>50 % energy intake without alcohol: 26.4 %), SFA ( < 35 % total lipids: 18.5 %) and total fibre (>25 g/d: 13.7 %) was frequently unsatisfactory. While overall consumption of 'meat, seafood and eggs' was satisfactory, that of fruits and vegetables ( > or = 400 g/d: 43.8 %) and seafood (two or more servings per week: 29.9 %) was frequently too low. The physical activity level was satisfactory at 63.2 %. Overweight was observed in 49.3 % of adults, while 30.9 % were hypertensive and 44.1 % had dyslipidaemia. Vitamin and iron-poor status was found to affect less than 10 % of the population. Based on the ENNS survey, overall nutrition remains a problem in France. Comparison of these data with those of other countries could contribute to a better understanding of variations in nutrition-related diseases.

  4. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - San Andres and Providencia (Fact Sheet); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina (unpopulated), also known as San Andres and Providencia, which is equidistant between Costa Rica and Jamaica and 775 kilometers northwest of Colombia. The archipelago is part of Colombia, though Nicaragua has also laid claim to it.

  5. Evaporite geometries and diagenetic traps, lower San Andres, Northwest shelf, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Keller, D.R. )

    1992-04-01

    An east-west-trending belt of lower San Andres oil fields extends 80 mi across southeastern New Mexico from the Pecos River near Roswell to the Texas-New Mexico border. These fields are along a porosity pinch-out zone where porous carbonates grade laterally into bedded anhydrite and halite. The lower San Andres traps are associated with pre-Tertiary structural or stratigraphic traps. Oil and water production relationships from these fields are not consistent with present-day structure. These fields have been commonly interpreted to be hydrodynamic traps created by the eastern flow of fresh surface water that enters the lower San Andres outcrops west of Pecos River. There is no evidence, however, that surface water has moved through the lower San Andres in this area. This conclusion is supported by the fact that formation-water resistivities are uniform throughout the producing trend, no significant dissolution of carbonates or evaporites has occurred, and there has been no increase in biogradation of oils adjacent to the lower San Andres outcrops. These fields actually are diagenetic traps created by porosity occlusion in the water column beneath the oil accumulations. Hydrocarbons originally were trapped in pre-Tertiary structural and structural-stratigraphic traps. Bedded evaporites were effective barriers to vertical and lateral hydrocarbon migration. Eastward tilting of the Northwest shelf during the Tertiary opened these traps, but the oil remained in these structurally unfavorable positions because of the diagenetic sealing. The gas-solution drive in these reservoirs is a result of this sealing. The sequence of events leading to diagenetic entrapment include (1) Triassic and Jurassic migration of hydrocarbons into broad, low-relief post-San Andres structural and structural-stratigraphic traps; (2) rapid occlusion of porosity in the water column beneath oil reservoirs, and (3) Tertiary tilt-out traps.

  6. Shedding Light on the Sea: André Morel's Legacy to Optical Oceanography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antoine, David; Babin, Marcel; Berthon, Jean-François; Bricaud, Annick; Gentili, Bernard; Loisel, Hubert; Maritorena, Stéphane; Stramski, Dariusz

    2014-01-01

    André Morel (1933-2012) was a prominent pioneer of modern optical oceanography, enabling significant advances in this field. Through his forward thinking and research over more than 40 years, he made key contributions that this field needed to grow and to reach its current status. This article first summarizes his career and then successively covers different aspects of optical oceanography where he made significant contributions, from fundamental work on optical properties of water and particles to global oceanographic applications using satellite ocean color observations. At the end, we share our views on André's legacy to our research field and scientific community.

  7. Creole-based Trilingual Education in the Caribbean Archipelago of San Andres, Providence and Santa Catalina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morren, Ronald C.

    2002-01-01

    Depicts the impetus and drive behind the development of a primary trilingual education curriculum for the Western Caribbean Archipelago of San Andre, Providence, and Santa Catalina. Based on outcomes in other multilingual education projects, hypothesizes positive academic gains in all areas at a cost benefit to the national government. (Author/VWL)

  8. Who Is DeAndre? Tapping the Power of Popular Culture in Literacy Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gainer, Jesse

    2008-01-01

    Gainer talks about the importance of connecting students' background knowledge, experiences, and interests to curricular goals. He highlights the voice of DeAndre, an eighth-grade boy in special education classes, whose participation in an after-school club led to the creation of a video. According to Gainer, "[W]hen given the opportunity to…

  9. André Guinier (1911-2000): a physicist among crystallographers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ravy, Sylvain

    2015-03-01

    This paper briefly retraces the career of André Guinier, awardee of the Gregori Aminoff prize in 1985, from his PhD thesis work on small angle scattering and the Guinier-Preston zone, to the study of disorder crystals and amorphous bodies, including his role in the French research system.

  10. André Latarjet (1877-1947). Anatomist and surgeon specialized in sports medicine.

    PubMed

    Romero-Reverón, Rafael A

    2014-01-01

    André Latarjet (1877-1947), physician and surgeon, outstanding professor of anatomy, made important contributions to the study of human anatomy. He was the disciple and successor of Dr. Leo Testut and continued the diffusion of his work. He was a member of the French Academy of Medicine and President of the International Federation of Sports Medicine.

  11. Andrés Laguna: a great medical humanist (1499-1559).

    PubMed

    Kousoulis, Antonis A; Karamanou, Marianna; Androutsos, George

    2011-01-01

    Andrés Laguna, a Spanish humanist physician of the 16th century, occupies an important position in the history of medicine. An illustrious and brilliant mind, pioneer of anatomy and urology, Laguna proved to be a true pacifist and humanitarian with his knowledge standards and his political eloquence. He deserves to be remembered today as the perfect example of the Renaissance men, a true Homo Universalis.

  12. Fate of topological states in incommensurate generalized Aubry-André models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cestari, J. C. C.; Foerster, A.; Gusmão, M. A.

    2016-05-01

    We study one-dimensional optical lattices described by generalized Aubry-André models that include both commensurate and incommensurate modulations of the hopping amplitude. This brings together two interesting features of this class of systems: Anderson localization and the existence of topological edge states. We follow changes of the single-particle energy spectrum induced by variations of the system parameters, with focus on the survival of topological states in the localized regime.

  13. The comparison of heavy metal accumulation ratios of some fish species in Enne Dame Lake (Kütahya/Turkey).

    PubMed

    Uysal, Kazim; Köse, Esengül; Bülbül, Metin; Dönmez, Muhammet; Erdogan, Yunus; Koyun, Mustafa; Omeroglu, Cigdem; Ozmal, Ferda

    2009-10-01

    The metal accumulation levels for muscle, skin, gill, liver and intestine tissues of some Cyprinidae species (Carassius carassius, Condrostoma nasus, Leuciscus cephalus and Alburnus alburnus) in Enne Dame Lake (Kütahya/Turkey), which is mostly fed by hot spring waters, were investigated. Analyses were performed for copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cobalt (Co), magnesium (Mg), nickel (Ni), chrome (Cr) and boron (B) using inductively coupled plasma-optic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), and cadmium (Cd) using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) utilizing microwave digestion techniques. The concentrations of the heavy metals found in the fish varied in the follow ing ranges: Cu: < DL-7.04, Zn: 6.96-357.25, Mn: < DL-20.70, Ni: < DL-6.21, Fe: 9.62-2500.33, Cr: < DL-1.74, Co: < DL-0.54, Cd: 0.01-0.27 and Mg: 197.44-904.90 mg/kg wet weight. While B had the second highest concentration in the water of the lake, it was not encountered in any tissue of the investigated species. In all tissues and the species, While the bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) of Mn, Zn, Fe and Cu were remarkably high, the BAFs of Mg, Cr, Co, and B were also fairly low or none. Although the heavy metal accumulation levels for the muscle were generally lower than other tissues, there were some exceptions. Cd level in the muscle of C. carassius was higher than the permissible limit stated by Turkish legislation, FAO and WHO. The mean metal amounts for all the investigated tissues and species are statistically compared and discussed in this study.

  14. André B. Muller (25.9.1918-1.4.2006)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    West, R. M.

    2006-06-01

    With great sadness, we have learned about the death of André Muller on 1 April, at the age of 87. Living in retirement in his native Holland since 1983, he was one of ESOs true pioneers, an outstanding representative of the select group of European astronomers who succeeded in steering ESO through the difficult initial phases. André was close-ly associated with the entire process, from the first site monitoring programmes in South Africa to the subsequent search in Chile, the decision in favour of the La Silla site, as well as the management of ESOs early activities in Chile, includ-ing the construction of the headquarters and observatory and the installation of the first generation of ESO telescopes. Few persons, if any, have been so inti-mately connected to the setting-up of ESOs facilities and it would be impossible to list in detail all of the services André performed for the organisation with such great expertise and zeal during his long career.

  15. Depositional model for the San Andres Formation, Roberts unit, Wasson field, Yoakum County, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Ginger, E.P. )

    1992-04-01

    The Permian San Andres reservoir at Roberts unit produces from approximately 250 ft of anhydritic dolostones. The reservoir interval, which is more than 500 ft below the top of the San Andres Formation, consists of fossiliferous and pelletal/peloidal dolowackestones and dolopackstones. They were deposited in a shallow-marine environment with local shoaling conditions. Toward the top of the reservoir, intertidal and supratidal deposits interfinger with the subtidal units and form the lateral and overlying seals. A sponge-bryozoan bank lithofacies is recognized within the subtidal deposits at Roberts unit. The banks consist of dolomitized mud-rich boundstones dominated by bryozoans, sponges, and crinoids. Interbedded fossiliferous dolowackestones, dolopackstones, and dolograinstones are common. The restricted nature of the San Andres in the western part of Roberts unit (i.e., shoreward of the banks) indicates that the banks baffled wave energy and inhibited current circulation on the platform, resulting in a mud-dominated, restricted lagoonal facies with very low faunal diversity. The sponge-bryozoan banks occur within a narrow belt across the central part of Roberts unit and continue into the adjacent Willard unit. Their distribution has a distinct northeast-soutwest trend that parallels the subjacent Abo shelf margin reef trend, suggesting that the Abo reef trend influenced subsequent bank development.

  16. The role of diagenetic studies in flow-unit modeling: San Andres formation, Yoakum County, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Henderson, S. )

    1994-03-01

    The Permian San Andres Formation represents one of the most prolific hydrocarbon-producing intervals of the Permian basin. Dolostone lithofacies intercalated with thin evaporites accommodate highly compartmentalized reservoirs resulting from complex depositional and diagenetic histories. This compartmentalization often facilitates the use of these reservoirs in flow-unit studies. Perhaps more important than the relationship of productive intervals to depositional facies is the degree to which diagenetic processes have influenced reservoir properties. Detailed petrographic evaluation of the reservoir in question, though often overlooked, should be an integral part of flow-unit studies. Once a diagenetic sequence is established, the information may be incorporated in to the facies model to better understand how to subdivide the reservoir. Such an investigation has been conducted on the San Andres Formation in Reeves field of southeastern Yoakum County, Texas. Here, multistage diagenetic overprints are superimposed on depositional facies that vary in degree of lateral extent, thereby complicating the geometries of individual productive zones within the reservoir. Analysis of the reservoir reveals that Reeves San Andres sediments were subjected to dominant diagenetic processes, including dolomitization and sulfate implacement, both of which are major factors in porosity preservation, and a variety of minor processes that have had little effect on reservoir quality. The recognition of diagenetic facies, and understanding of the processes that have created them, and identification of the implications of these processes on reservoir properties is a vital part of any flow-unit study.

  17. Depositional environments, diagenetic history, and porosity development, vacuum San Andres Field, Lea County, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Robertson, J.W. )

    1990-02-01

    The Permian San Andres Formation was deposited in environments ranging from supratidal to subtidal, protected shallow marine to open shallow marine. Pelletoid-skeletal packstone/wackestone and pelletoid-oolite-skeletal packstone/grainstone facies of the composite subtidal, marine environments were concentrated in the southern half of the field where grainstone deposition was linked to a paleotopographic high. Deposition in the northern half of the field was dominated by the pelletoid wackestone/mudstone facies of the supratidal, restricted shallow-marine environment. Porosity is mainly diagenetic in origin. San Andres rocks passed through the marine phreatic, the mixed phreatic, the meteoric phreatic, and the deeper subsurface diagenetic environments. Matrix dolomitization in the marine and mixed-phreatic environment produced intercrystalline porosity in all the facies. Leaching of nondolomitized grains in the mixed phreatic and meteoric-phreatic environments created large moldic pores. Diagenetic patterns follow structural and depositional trends so that suites of characteristic pore types exist for each facies. Individual pore types consist of moldic, intergranular, intragranular, vuggy, and intercrystalline categories. Intercrystalline pores are present nearly everywhere, and predicting the abundance of moldic pores is the largest variable in predicting porosity values for a given stratigraphic interval. Highest porosity exists in the southern half of the study area where grainier facies were deposited on a paleotopographic high, and grains were partly dolomitized and subsequently were removed by leaching, leaving behind a composite intercrystalline-moldic pore network. Total porosity values do not correspond with facies boundaries, so porosity mapping was accomplished by dividing the San Andres into 20-ft-thick slices and computer contouring total porosity greater than 6% in each slice.

  18. San Andres dolomite reservoir, Emma field, Andrews County, Texas: Depositional facies and diagenesis

    SciTech Connect

    Ruppel, S.C. )

    1987-02-01

    Although nearly 100% (19 million bbl of oil) of the estimated recoverable oil in the Emma San Andres reservoir has been produced, indications are that as much as 15 million bbl of recoverable, movable oil remains. Detailed study of facies and diagenesis in the reservoir reveals considerable lateral and vertical variability, which has important implications for recovery and injection efficiencies in the field. The upper San Andres Formation in the Emma field comprises a shallowing-upward sequence of pervasively dolomitized, shallow-water subtidal to supratidal carbonates that accumulated on a gently east-sloping ramp. The lowermost part of the reservoir interval is composed of laterally extensive fusulinid packstone deposited in an open-marine ramp setting. Abruptly overlying this facies is a sequence of interbedded fusulinid/algal grainstone, formed in a migrating sand-shoal complex, and burrowed, skeletal mudstone deposited on a restricted inner ramp. The grainstone is restricted to the western and central parts of the field. These deposits are overlain by pisolitic and cryptalgal mudstones and terrigenous siliciclastics of supratidal origin. Anydrite is abundant throughout the section. Porosity and permeability are facies controlled. Highest permeabilities are developed in shoal complex grainstone (100 md) and in fusulinid packstone (925-50 md). Lateral and vertical facies variations resulted in considerable reservoir heterogeneity. Trace-element and isotope data indicate that most of the San Andres dolomite and associated sulfate (anhydrite) precipitated from downward-moving, seawater-derived brines during shallow burial in the late Guadalupian. Subsequent anhydrite dissolution has locally enhanced original porosity.

  19. Localization and adiabatic pumping in a generalized Aubry-André-Harper model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Fangli; Ghosh, Somnath; Chong, Y. D.

    2015-01-01

    A generalization of the Aubry-André-Harper (AAH) model is developed, containing a tunable phase shift between on-site and off-diagonal modulations. A localization transition can be induced by varying just this phase, keeping all other model parameters constant. The complete localization phase diagram is obtained. Unlike the original AAH model, the generalized model can exhibit a transition between topologically trivial band structures and topologically nontrivial band structures containing protected boundary states. These boundary states can be pumped across the system by adiabatic variations in the phase shift parameter. The model can also be used to demonstrate the phenomenon of adiabatic pumping breakdown due to localization.

  20. Localization of Interacting Fermions in the Aubry-André Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mastropietro, Vieri

    2015-10-01

    We consider interacting electrons in a one-dimensional lattice with an incommensurate Aubry-André potential in the regime when the single-particle eigenstates are localized. We rigorously establish the persistence of ground state localization in the presence of weak many-body interaction, for almost all the chemical potentials. The proof uses a quantum many-body extension of methods adopted for the stability of tori of nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems and relies on number-theoretic properties of the potential incommensurate frequency.

  1. Dynamical signature of the edge state in the 1D Aubry-André model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, H. Z.; Yi, X. X.; Oh, C. H.

    2014-04-01

    Topological features have become an intensively studied subject in many fields of physics. As a witness of topological phase, the edge states are topologically protected and may be helpful in quantum information processing. In this paper, we define a measure to quantify the dynamical localization of the system and simulate the localization in the one-dimensional Aubry-André model. We find an interesting connection between the edge states and the dynamical localization of the system, this connection may be used as a signature of the edge state and topological phase.

  2. AND/R: Advanced neutron diffractometer/reflectometer for investigation of thin films and multilayers for the life sciences

    SciTech Connect

    Dura, Joseph A.; Pierce, Donald J.; Majkrzak, Charles F.; Maliszewskyj, Nicholas C.; McGillivray, Duncan J.; Loesche, Mathias; O'Donovan, Kevin V.; Mihailescu, Mihaela; Perez-Salas, Ursula; Worcester, David L.; White, Stephen H.

    2006-07-15

    An elastic neutron scattering instrument, the advanced neutron diffractometer/reflectometer (AND/R), has recently been commissioned at the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research. The AND/R is the centerpiece of the Cold Neutrons for Biology and Technology partnership, which is dedicated to the structural characterization of thin films and multilayers of biological interest. The instrument is capable of measuring both specular and nonspecular reflectivity, as well as crystalline or semicrystalline diffraction at wave-vector transfers up to approximately 2.20 A{sup -1}. A detailed description of this flexible instrument and its performance characteristics in various operating modes are given.

  3. A taxonomic revision of the genus Oxyopomyrmex André, 1881 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).

    PubMed

    Salata, Sebastian; Borowiec, Lech

    2015-09-30

    Oxyopomyrmex André, 1881 is a small genus of myrmicine ants found in arid grasslands of the Mediterranean region. Here we provide a new taxonomic revision of the genus. Twelve species are recognized, including five new to science: O. laevibus sp. nov. (Greece: Crete), O. magnus sp. nov. (Spain), O. negevensis sp. nov. (Israel) O. polybotesi sp. nov. (Greece: Nisyros, W Turkey) and O. pygmalioni sp. nov. (Cyprus). Oxyopomyrmex santschii var. nigripes Santschi, 1907 and O. santschii var. nitidior Santschi, 1910 are raised to species level. The following new synonymies are proposed: O. krueperi Forel, 1911 = O. lagoi Menozzi, 1936 syn. nov.; O. nigripes Santschi, 1907 = O. sabulonis var. rugocciput Santschi, 1923 syn. nov. = O. emeryi var. brunnescens Santschi, 1929 syn. nov.; O. nitidior Santschi, 1910 = O. emeryi var. laticeps Santschi, 1915 syn. nov. = O. emeryi st. sabulonis Santschi, 1915 syn. nov.; O. saulcyi Emery, 1889 = O. santschii Forel, 1904 syn. nov. = O. santschii var. siciliana Karavaiev, 1912 syn. nov. = O. gaetulus Santschi, 1929 syn. nov. = O. saulcyi var. latinodis Santschi, 1939 syn. nov. A neotype for O. oculatus André, 1881 is designated. An identification key based on the gyne, male and worker caste is provided.

  4. Geologic description of the San Andres reservoir facies in the Mabee field

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, K.D. )

    1992-04-01

    The Mabee field is located in Andrews and Martin counties, Texas, approximately 16 mi northwest of Midland in the Permian basin. Production is from the upper Permian San Andres dolomite at an average depth of 4700 ft. The San Andres/Grayburg formations are the most prolific oil-producing formations in the Permian basin, with total production over 10 billion bbl, and an estimated additional 3.8 billion bbl to be recovered by conventional secondary and tertiary methods. The Mabee field has produced over 90 MMBO by primary and secondary methods since its discovery in 1943. A tertiary CO{sub 2} flood will be implemented in 1992. An essential prerequisite to a successful CO{sub 2} project is a detailed reservoir description and facies analysis. Examination of over 5000 ft of core established six major facies in an overall shallowing-upward sequence. The cap rock consists of dense anhydritic dolomites of the supratidal and oncolite facies. Production primarily is from the underlying dolomitized subtidal and ooid facies. Sandstones interfinger with the ooid facies, but are tightly cemented and act as barriers to fluid migration. The lower-most open-marine facies is below the oil/water contact for the field. Reservoir characterization improves the planning and operation of an enhanced recovery project.

  5. Microfossil evidence for pre-Columbian maize dispersals in the neotropics from San Andres, Tabasco, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Pohl, Mary E D; Piperno, Dolores R; Pope, Kevin O; Jones, John G

    2007-04-17

    The history of maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most debated topics in New World archaeology. Molecular and genetic studies indicate that maize domestication took place in tropical southwest Mexico. Although archaeological evidence for the evolution of maize from its wild ancestor teosinte has yet to be found in that poorly studied region, other research combining paleoecology and archaeology is documenting the nature and timing of maize domestication and dispersals. Here we report a phytolith analysis of sediments from San Andrés, Tabasco, that confirms the spread of maize cultivation to the tropical Mexican Gulf Coast >7,000 years ago ( approximately 7,300 calendar years before present). We review the different methods used in sampling, identifying, and dating fossil maize remains and compare their strengths and weaknesses. Finally, we examine how San Andrés amplifies the present evidence for widespread maize dispersals into Central and South America. Multiple data sets from many sites indicate that maize was brought under cultivation and domesticated and had spread rapidly out of its domestication cradle in tropical southwest Mexico by the eighth millennium before the present.

  6. Spatial prediction of caves in San Andres Dolomite, Yates field, West Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Nosal, E.A.; Carlson, J.L.; Craig, D.H.

    1988-01-01

    Persistent speculations that caves played a key role in the high flow rates of many early wells in the Yates field (203 wells potentialed for more than 10,000 BOPD each, 26 wells for more than 80,000 BOPD each) has raised questions of why the caves exist, how many there are, and how to incorporate them into reservoir management practice. This paper describes the use of probability theory to answer these questions. Among the geologic factors that contributed to the remarkable early productivity of Yates are zones of karst in the upper San Andres Dolomite, the principle reservoir unit. Hundreds of infill wells drilled after unitization of the field in 1976 have provided ample data on cave numbers and patterns. These data indicate that karstification was produced by dynamic lenses of fresh water beneath a cluster of islands formed when lowering of Late Permian sea level exposed San Andres limestone to rainfall and dissolution. The seemingly random occurrences of caves can be fitted into a geologic framework of systematic karst processes to produce mappable petrophysical parameters. The most important of these predicts, in probabilistic terms, where the caves are located. The contribution of cave porosity to total reservoir porosity can also be estimated. This cave component of porosity can be displayed as a petrophysical log and manipulated in the same way as matrix porosity.

  7. The epidemiology and transmissibility of Zika virus in Girardot and San Andres island, Colombia, September 2015 to January 2016

    PubMed Central

    Rojas, DP; Dean, NE; Yang, Y; Kenah, E; Quintero, J; Tomasi, S; Ramirez, EL; Kelly, Y; Castro, C; Carrasquilla, G; Halloran, ME; Longini, IM

    2016-01-01

    Transmission of Zika virus (ZIKV) was first detected in Colombia in September 2015. As of April 2016, Colombia had reported over 65,000 cases of Zika virus disease (ZVD). We analysed daily surveillance data of ZVD cases reported to the health authorities of San Andres and Girardot, Colombia, between September 2015 and January 2016. ZVD was laboratory-confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the serum of acute cases within five days of symptom onset. We use daily incidence data to estimate the basic reproductive number (R0) in each population. We identified 928 and 1,936 reported ZVD cases from San Andres and Girardot, respectively. The overall attack rate for reported ZVD was 12.13 cases per 1,000 residents of San Andres and 18.43 cases per 1,000 residents of Girardot. Attack rates were significantly higher in females in both municipalities (p < 0.001). Cases occurred in all age groups with highest rates in 20 to 49 year-olds. The estimated R0 for the Zika outbreak was 1.41 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15–1.74) in San Andres and 4.61 (95% CI: 4.11–5.16) in Girardot. Transmission of ZIKV is ongoing in the Americas. The estimated R0 from Colombia supports the observed rapid spread. PMID:27452806

  8. The epidemiology and transmissibility of Zika virus in Girardot and San Andres island, Colombia, September 2015 to January 2016.

    PubMed

    Rojas, Diana Patricia; Dean, Natalie E; Yang, Yang; Kenah, Eben; Quintero, Juliana; Tomasi, Simon; Ramirez, Erika Lorena; Kelly, Yendi; Castro, Carolina; Carrasquilla, Gabriel; Halloran, M Elizabeth; Longini, Ira M

    2016-07-14

    Transmission of Zika virus (ZIKV) was first detected in Colombia in September 2015. As of April 2016, Colombia had reported over 65,000 cases of Zika virus disease (ZVD). We analysed daily surveillance data of ZVD cases reported to the health authorities of San Andres and Girardot, Colombia, between September 2015 and January 2016. ZVD was laboratory-confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the serum of acute cases within five days of symptom onset. We use daily incidence data to estimate the basic reproductive number (R0) in each population. We identified 928 and 1,936 reported ZVD cases from San Andres and Girardot, respectively. The overall attack rate for reported ZVD was 12.13 cases per 1,000 residents of San Andres and 18.43 cases per 1,000 residents of Girardot. Attack rates were significantly higher in females in both municipalities (p < 0.001). Cases occurred in all age groups with highest rates in 20 to 49 year-olds. The estimated R0 for the Zika outbreak was 1.41 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15-1.74) in San Andres and 4.61 (95% CI: 4.11-5.16) in Girardot. Transmission of ZIKV is ongoing in the Americas. The estimated R0 from Colombia supports the observed rapid spread.

  9. [André Detoeuf (1884-1931): pharmacist, industrialist and chemist].

    PubMed

    Leclercq, Loïc

    2011-04-01

    During the transition between the 19th and 20th century, Auguste Béhal (1859-1941), a native of Lens (France, Pas-de-Calais), renewed organic chemistry teaching at the Paris School of Pharmacy by the introduction of atomic notation and pre-electronic mechanisms. This revolution primarily affects the future pharmacists. Thus, Béhal becomes the leader of a "School" of thought and directs the work of many students called "Béhaliens": Ernest Fourneau (1872-1949), Marc Tiffeneau (1873-1945), Marcel Sommelet (1877-1952), etc. Among these students, three are also from Lens: Amand Valeur (1870-1927), Raymond Delaby (1891-1958) and André Detoeuf (1884-1931). The latter, initially, will follow the footsteps of his older siblings (pharmacy studies, writing a thesis under the direction of Behal); however, despite having started a career in academia, he left his post for the industry (Etablissements Kuhlmann and Billault).

  10. Resonant extended states in driven quasiperiodic lattices: Aubry-Andre localization by design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morales-Molina, L.; Doerner, E.; Danieli, C.; Flach, S.

    2014-10-01

    We consider a quasiperiodic Aubry-Andre (AA) model and add a weak time-space-periodic perturbation. The undriven AA model is chosen to be well in the localized regime. The driving term controls the effective number of propagation channels. For a spatial resonance which reduces the reciprocal space dynamics to an effective one-dimensional two-leg ladder, the ac perturbation resonantly couples certain groups of localized eigenstates of the undriven AA model and turns them into extended ones. Slight detuning of the spatial and temporal frequencies off resonance returns these states into localized ones. We analyze the details of the resonant extended eigenstates using Floquet representations. In particular, we find that their size grows linearly with the system size. Initial wave packets overlap with resonant extended eigenstates and lead to ballistic spreading.

  11. Phase transition in an Aubry-André system with a rapidly oscillating magnetic field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mishra, Tridev; Shashidhara, Rajath; Guha Sarkar, Tapomoy; Bandyopadhyay, Jayendra N.

    2016-11-01

    We investigate a variant of the Aubry-André-Harper (AAH) model corresponding to a bosonic optical lattice of ultracold atoms under an effective oscillatory magnetic field. In the limit of high-frequency oscillation, the system maybe approximated by an effective time-independent Hamiltonian. We have studied localization-delocalization transition exhibited by the effective Hamiltonian. The effective Hamiltonian is found to retain the tight-binding tridiagonal form in position space. In a striking contrast to the usual AAH model, this non-dual system shows an energy-dependent mobility edge—a feature which is usually reminiscent of Hamiltonians with beyond-nearest-neighbor hoppings in real space. Finally, we discuss possibilities of experimentally realizing this system in optical lattices.

  12. Microseismic monitoring as a tool for mapping fractures in the San Andres dolomite

    SciTech Connect

    Rutledge, J.T.; Fairbanks, T.D.; House, L.S.; Murphy, M.B.

    1991-12-31

    Microseismic monitoring shows promise of being a practical tool for mapping fractures in the San Andres dolomite in terms of rate of microearthquake occurrence and the areal coverage possible from a single downhole seismometer. Microearthquakes were detected during normal waterflood production but monitoring was not complete enough to correlate injection/production activity with microseismic event recurrence. Constant monitoring time capability with at least 3 downhole seismometers is needed to more accurately locate events, and to reliably characterize seismic recurrence in the field. In addition, modeling pressure variations in the reservoir may help explain the mechanisms that produces the microearthquakes. Data useful in modeling the pressure variations could be from tracer experiments, pressure interference tests and individual well production-injection volume. Understanding the mechanism of producing the microearthquakes should, in turn, allow the correlation of the microseismicity with fluid flow within the reservoir. 2 refs., 3 figs.

  13. Microseismic monitoring as a tool for mapping fractures in the San Andres dolomite. [Microearthquakes

    SciTech Connect

    Rutledge, J.T.; Fairbanks, T.D.; House, L.S. ); Murphy, M.B. )

    1991-01-01

    Microseismic monitoring shows promise of being a practical tool for mapping fractures in the San Andres dolomite in terms of rate of microearthquake occurrence and the areal coverage possible from a single downhole seismometer. Microearthquakes were detected during normal waterflood production but monitoring was not complete enough to correlate injection/production activity with microseismic event recurrence. Constant monitoring time capability with at least 3 downhole seismometers is needed to more accurately locate events, and to reliably characterize seismic recurrence in the field. In addition, modeling pressure variations in the reservoir may help explain the mechanisms that produces the microearthquakes. Data useful in modeling the pressure variations could be from tracer experiments, pressure interference tests and individual well production-injection volume. Understanding the mechanism of producing the microearthquakes should, in turn, allow the correlation of the microseismicity with fluid flow within the reservoir. 2 refs., 3 figs.

  14. [Of the pharmacy of Marine to the industrial pharmacy: a precursor of nanomedicines, André Lancien (1885-1938)].

    PubMed

    Devaux, Guy

    2015-09-01

    After a biographic reminder on André Lancien, pharmacist of Marine, we describe her activities of research. The first ones concern the radium and the uranic by-products, but the main part concerns the development of a process of obtaining by electric way of stable colloidal solutions to very fine metallic or metalloïdic particles. These colloids were applied to the therapeutics in diverse domains, prefiguring before the term existed what we call now nanomedicine.

  15. Pheromone chirality of asian palm weevils,Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Oliv.) andR. vulneratus (Panz.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).

    PubMed

    Perez, A L; Hallett, R H; Gries, R; Gries, G; Cameron Oehlschlager, A; Borden, J H

    1996-02-01

    Production of 4-methyl-5-nonanol, and 4-methyl-5-nonanone by two sympatric Asian palm weevils,Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Oliv.) andR. vulneratus (Panz.) suggested that enantiospecificity of either compound could impart species specificity of pheromone communication. Weevil-produced, racemic 4-methyl-5-nonanol and 4-methyl-5-nonanone and their stereoselectively synthesized optical isomers were subjected to gas chromatographic-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) and GC-mass spectrometry (MS) on a chiral Cyclodex-B column. Only theS,S stereoisomer of 4-methyl-5-nonanol was EAD active and was produced by bothR. ferrugineus andR. vulneratus. Production and EAD activity of (S)-4-methyl-5-nonanone exceeded that of its antipode in both weevils. In field experiments in Java. (4S, 5S)-4-methyl-5-nonanol and the stereoisomeric mixture were equally attractive. The 4R,5R stereoisomer was inactive. The corresponding ketone enantiomers neither enhanced nor reduced attraction to (4S,5S)-4-methyl-5-nonanol. Lack of apparent differences betweenR. ferrugineus andR. vulneratus pheromones suggests that synonomy of both weevils should be considered unless other pre- or postzygotic reproductive isolating mechanisms are disclosed in future studies.

  16. Quantum walks in the commensurate off-diagonal Aubry-André-Harper model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Li; Liu, Na; Chen, Shu; Zhang, Yunbo

    2017-01-01

    Due to the topological nature of the Aubry-André-Harper (AAH) model, interesting edge states have been found existing in one-dimensional periodic and quasiperiodic lattices. In this article, we investigate continuous-time quantum walks of identical particles initially located on either edge of commensurate AAH lattices in detail. It is shown that the quantum walker is delocalized among the whole lattice until the strength of periodic modulation is strong enough. The inverse participation ratios (IPRs) for all of the eigenstates are calculated. It is found that the localization properties of the quantum walker is mainly determined by the IPRs of the topologically protected edge states. More interestingly, the edge states are shown to have an evident "repulsion" effect on quantum walkers initiated from the lattice sites inside the bulk. Furthermore, we examine the role of nearest-neighbor interaction on the quantum walks of two identical fermions. Clear enhancement of the repulsion effect by strong interaction has been shown.

  17. André Green on the Theory and Treatment of "Non-Neurotic" Patients.

    PubMed

    Reed, Gail S

    2015-10-01

    A pivotal turning point in contemporary psychoanalytic practice and conceptualization was the presentation by André Green at the 1975 meeting of the International Psychoanalytical Association. In his presentation Green opened new ways of thinking about non-neurotic patients based on a theory of psychosis that accounts for confusion of subject and object and a mode of symbolization derived from a dual organization of patient and analyst. Green proposed that analysts lend themselves to the fusional needs of their patients while the focus is on the force of the negative-destructive mental states where connection is superseded by disconnections that in turn lead to disorganization resulting in blank depression and negative hallucination. Green finds precedent for this viewpoint in his reading of Winnciott's work on transitional space as a developmental movement toward separation. Central to clinical work with non-neurotic patients is the analyst's use of their countertransference as a form of binding the inchoate into form built on interpreting in the transference as opposed to interpreting of the transference while titrating the degree of silence so as not to fuel the terror of too much absence.

  18. A homosexual militant at the beginning of the century: Marc André Raffalovich.

    PubMed

    Cardon, P

    1993-01-01

    This work is based on my thesis from Aix en Provence on French Civilisation and Letters (1984). The head of the examinations was the writer Raymond Jean. My idea is to show how the decadent writer and poet Marc André Raffalovich fought against the personalities in science concerning homosexuality with a new point of view and with great difficulty, shedding new light on this subject in a review from 1886 to 1914 under the direction of Dr. Alexandre Lacassagne Les Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle de Médecine Légale et de Psychologie Normale et Pathologique published in 1886, edited by the director A. Lacassagne, professor and chairman of legal medicine, Lyon, and author of the article "Pederastie," Dictionnaire Encyclopedique des Sciences Medicales, volume XXII published in 1886. In 1893, he wrote an introduction for l'Inversion Sexuelle of Dr. Julien Chevalier (Paris: Masson-Lyon Storck). This monthly review "d'au moins 80 pages" was called L'Ecole Lyonnaise, and so to say, l'Ecole Francaise d'Anthropologie Criminelle, which defends against l'Ecole Italienne of Lombroso, the culturalist theory of the birth of the criminal; according to this école du milieu social: "La Société a les criminels qu'elle merite" (The society has criminals it deserves). After the first world war, it was to be overridden by the Marxist analysis.

  19. Carbonate shoreline sedimentation in San Andres Formation, Lincoln County, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Hill, K.W.; Pierce, R.W.

    1986-03-01

    The Permian San Andres Formation of late Leonardian-early Guadalupian age is a significant hydrocarbon producer and crops out over a large area in south-central New Mexico. However, since its definition in 1909, the age and depositional environment of this unit have been questioned. In 1971 in Pecos County, Vincent Kelly divided the unit into three members: Rio Bonito, Bonney Canyon, and Fourmile Draw. The lowest member, although named for the Rio Bonito, has a type section designated at Sunset along U.S. Highway 70/380. Two miles east of Sunset, near Riverside, on the Rio Bonito, the Rio Bonito Member is exposed in a long series of roadcuts. Petrographic investigation of these rocks reveals an alternating sequence of high to low-energy intertidal to subtidal facies marked by oolitic and fossiliferous dolocalcarenite interbedded with dolomitic mudstone. The unit has been recrystallized and stylolites are abundant, as is dolomite and nodular mosaic anhydrite. These alternating units contain a faunal assemblage that is marked by red algae, foraminifera, bryozoa, crinoids, pelecypods, brachiopods, and cephalopods. Burrow fillings and fecal pellets are also abundant. The authors suggest that these units mark an extensive carbonate flat containing shoals and lagoons with open-marine and intertidal channels.

  20. Generalized Aubry-André-Harper model with p -wave superconducting pairing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Qi-Bo; Chen, Shu; Lü, Rong

    2016-09-01

    We investigate a generalized Aubry-André-Harper (AAH) model with p -wave superconducting pairing. Both the hopping amplitudes between the nearest-neighboring lattice sites and the on-site potentials in this system are modulated by a cosine function with a periodicity of 1 /α . In the incommensurate case [α =(√{5 }-1 )/2 ] , due to the modulations on the hopping amplitudes, the critical region of this quasiperiodic system is significantly reduced and the system becomes easier to be turned from extended states to localized states. In the commensurate case (α =1 /2 ), we find that this model shows three different phases when we tune the system parameters: Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH)-like trivial, SSH-like topological, and Kitaev-like topological phases. The phase diagrams and the topological quantum numbers for these phases are presented in this work. This generalized AAH model combined with superconducting pairing provides us with a useful test field for studying the phase transitions from extended states to Anderson localized states and the transitions between different topological phases.

  1. Microfacies analysis of the Leonardian-Guadalupian lower member of the San Andres Formation in the southern Sacremento Mountains, Otero County, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Whitman, C.; Clemons, R.E. )

    1992-04-01

    The Rio Bonito Member of the San Andres Formation records a transgression of the northwestern shelf during the late Leonardian. Late Leonardian to Guadalupian marine carbonates exposed in the Sacramento Mountains relate a marked change from equatorial tidal flat rocks of the middle Leonardian Yeso Formation. These rocks were deposited during a worldwide sea level lowstand. The Yeso-San Andres contact, previously thought to be a gradational boundary, is here interpreted as a flooding surface resulting from the eustatic sea level rise after the lowstand. Inundation of the northwestern shelf led to deposition of the thick Andres Formation marine limestone sequence within a shallow-lagoon or shelf setting. Depositional environments are predominantly subtidal and intertidal. Microfacies include packstones of comminuted bioclasts of normal saline affinities redistributed by light currents. These shoal upward at times to Dasycladacean algal grainstones interpreted as tidal bars prograding across the lagoon or shelf. More restricted wackestones and laminated mudstones occur at the base of the section and indicate a transition from tidal flat to submerged shelf. Aggradation of sediment into the intertidal zone may have occurred cyclically during San Andres deposition. One such cycle is present over the interval exposed in the Sacramento Mountains. Intertidal rocks resemble tidal flat deposits of dolostone, carbonate mudstones, and a thin tongue of quartzarenite interpeted to be Glorieta Sandstone. These rocks were previously attributed to interginguing of the Yeso with the San Andres.

  2. Seismic estimation of porosity in the Permian San Andres carbonate reservoir, Welch Field, Dawson, County, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Watts, G.P.; Hinterlong, G.D.

    1996-12-31

    OXY and the DOE Are partners in a advanced technology demonstration project at OXY`s West Welch Unit. Production is from a low permeability San Andres reservoir of Permian age similar to many shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs in the Permian Basin. The project involves the construction of a detailed geological model for numerical simulation to design and then conduct a CO{sub 2} flood of the reservoir. Depositional textures of the reservoir rock are highly variable from diagenesis, mostly anhydritic cementing, creating a highly complex pore system. Identification of the interwell reservoir continuity and flow units present the greatest challenge to the reservoir description. A 1993 vintage 3-D seismic survey with a bin spacing of 110{prime} by 165{prime} has been used to assist with the interwell reservoir description. The structure definition at the top and base of the reservoir have been accurately mapped with respect to the well data. Core and well log measurements of porosity, permeability and water saturation were computed and summed across the seismic reservoir interval. Measurements of amplitude, frequency and phase within the 3-D volume were summed across the reservoir interval. All seismic attributes were sampled to the wells and compared through scatterplots to the well log and core measurements. Excellent correlation between three seismic attributes and porosity has been documented. A deterministic method has been used to estimate porosity values at each seismic bin location. The method uses the seismic measurements to shape the geology between the wells while maintaining agreement with the well data at the well locations.

  3. Seismic estimation of porosity in the Permian San Andres carbonate reservoir, Welch Field, Dawson, County, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Watts, G.P.; Hinterlong, G.D. )

    1996-01-01

    OXY and the DOE Are partners in a advanced technology demonstration project at OXY's West Welch Unit. Production is from a low permeability San Andres reservoir of Permian age similar to many shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs in the Permian Basin. The project involves the construction of a detailed geological model for numerical simulation to design and then conduct a CO[sub 2] flood of the reservoir. Depositional textures of the reservoir rock are highly variable from diagenesis, mostly anhydritic cementing, creating a highly complex pore system. Identification of the interwell reservoir continuity and flow units present the greatest challenge to the reservoir description. A 1993 vintage 3-D seismic survey with a bin spacing of 110[prime] by 165[prime] has been used to assist with the interwell reservoir description. The structure definition at the top and base of the reservoir have been accurately mapped with respect to the well data. Core and well log measurements of porosity, permeability and water saturation were computed and summed across the seismic reservoir interval. Measurements of amplitude, frequency and phase within the 3-D volume were summed across the reservoir interval. All seismic attributes were sampled to the wells and compared through scatterplots to the well log and core measurements. Excellent correlation between three seismic attributes and porosity has been documented. A deterministic method has been used to estimate porosity values at each seismic bin location. The method uses the seismic measurements to shape the geology between the wells while maintaining agreement with the well data at the well locations.

  4. Prevalence and severity of wheezing in the first year of life in the city of Santo André, Brazil☆

    PubMed Central

    Ferreira, Isabel Cristina C.; Wandalsen, Neusa Falbo

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To determine the prevalence and the severity of wheezing in the first year of life for infants who live in Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Cross sectional study with the administration of the Estudio Internacional de Sibilancias en Lactantes (EISL), which is a standardized and validated written questionnaire applied to parents and/or guardians of infants aged 12-24 months treated at primary health units, vaccination centers, day care centers, or kindergartens. The questionnaire consisted of questions regarding demographic characteristics, presence of wheezing, respiratory infections, and risk factors. Results were analyzed using the SPSS for Windows, 20.0 (SPSS Inc. - Chicago, Il, United States). Logistic regression was applied to verify variables associated to recurrent wheezing. Results: Among the 1,028 infants studied, 48.5% had one or more episodes of wheezing during the first 12 months of life (wheezing once), and 23.9% had three or more episodes (recurrent wheezing). Nocturnal symptoms, severe breathing difficulty, and visits to the emergency room were observed in 67.3%, 42.4%, and 60.7% of infants, respectively. Among the studied infants, 19.4% were hospitalized, and 11.0% had a medical diagnosis of asthma in the first year of life. Use of β2-agonists, inhaled corticosteroids, oral corticosteroids, and leukotriene receptor antagonists were observed in 88.8%, 21.0%, 54.9%, and 3.2% of children with wheezing, respectively. Use of oral corticosteroids, perception of breathlessness by parents, diagnosis of asthma, pneumonia, and hospitalization for pneumonia were more frequent among infants with recurrent wheezing (p<0.001). Conclusions: In the city of Santo André, approximately half of infants had at least one episode of wheezing in the first year of life, and almost 25% had recurrent wheezing. Wheezing disorders in Santo André have early onset and high morbidity. PMID:25479844

  5. Microfossil evidence for pre-Columbian maize dispersals in the neotropics from San Andrés, Tabasco, Mexico

    PubMed Central

    Pohl, Mary E. D.; Piperno, Dolores R.; Pope, Kevin O.; Jones, John G.

    2007-01-01

    The history of maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most debated topics in New World archaeology. Molecular and genetic studies indicate that maize domestication took place in tropical southwest Mexico. Although archaeological evidence for the evolution of maize from its wild ancestor teosinte has yet to be found in that poorly studied region, other research combining paleoecology and archaeology is documenting the nature and timing of maize domestication and dispersals. Here we report a phytolith analysis of sediments from San Andrés, Tabasco, that confirms the spread of maize cultivation to the tropical Mexican Gulf Coast >7,000 years ago (≈7,300 calendar years before present). We review the different methods used in sampling, identifying, and dating fossil maize remains and compare their strengths and weaknesses. Finally, we examine how San Andrés amplifies the present evidence for widespread maize dispersals into Central and South America. Multiple data sets from many sites indicate that maize was brought under cultivation and domesticated and had spread rapidly out of its domestication cradle in tropical southwest Mexico by the eighth millennium before the present. PMID:17426147

  6. New thelodont findings from the Lower Devonian Andrée Land Group, Spitsbergen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blom, H.; Žigaitė, Ž.

    2012-04-01

    During the last 50 years, ever since Ørvig (1957) described the first thelodont material from Sörkapp Land, have the amount of scales available from the Lower Devonian of Spitsbergen slowly increased to a body that clearly promotes an extended taxonomical and biostratigraphical revision. More recently, have thelodonts been described from a more stratigraphically controlled sequence of beds from the Red Bay Group (Blom and Goujet 2002). These Lochkovian (lowermost Devonian) taxa show a faunal differentiation which also allowed a detailed comparison between the Red Bay Group of Spitsbergen and sections of similar age from other parts of the Northern Hemisphere (Blom and Goujet 2002), supporting the suggested detailed biozonal subdivision of the Lochkovian deposits as presented by Talimaa (2000) based on distribution data from northern Eurasia. Although the stratigraphical framework of Spitsbergen is complicated, the Red Bay and Andrée Land groups have a well distributed fauna of thelodont scales that have been suggested to be the main reference of thelodont biozonation in the Pragian and Emsian (Talimaa 2000). We have examined a major part of thelodont collections comming from the region, including some newly collected samples. As a result, a biostratigraphic distribution of a number of well known thelodont taxa have been described from the Wood Bay and Grey Hoek formations in NW Spitsbergen. In addition, one new thelodont genus and two new species have been discovered. These data, together with known thelodont assemblages from the Canadian Arctic (Vieth 1980) and Severanya Zemlya (Karatajute-Talimaa 1978) allows us to speak about the usefulness of thelodonts in biostratigraphy and global correlation in the upper parts of the Lower Devonian. Blom, H. and Goujet, D. 2002. Thelodont scales from the Lower Devonian Red Bay Group, Spitsbergen. Palaeontology, 45(4): 795-820. Karatajūtė -Talimaa, V. N., 1978. Silurian and Devonian Thelodonts of the USSR and Spitsbergen

  7. APPLICATION OF WATER-JET HORIZONTAL DRILLING TECHNOLOGY TO DRILL AND ACIDIZE HORIZONTAL DRAIN HOLES, TEDBIT (SAN ANDRES) FIELD, GAINES COUNTY, TEXAS

    SciTech Connect

    Michael W. Rose

    2005-09-22

    The San Andres Formation is one of the major hydrocarbon-producing units in the Permian Basin, with multiple reservoirs contained within the dolomitized subtidal portions of upward shoaling carbonate shelf cycles. The test well is located in Tedbit (San Andres) Field in northeastern Gaines County, Texas, in an area of scattered San Andres production associated with local structural highs. Selected on the basis of geological and historical data, the Oil and Gas Properties Wood No. 1 well is considered to be typical of a large number of San Andres stripper wells in the Permian Basin. Thus, successful completion of horizontal drain holes in this well would demonstrate a widely applicable enhanced recovery technology. Water-jet horizontal drilling is an emerging technology with the potential to provide significant economic benefits in marginal wells. Forecast benefits include lower recompletion costs and improved hydrocarbon recoveries. The technology utilizes water under high pressure, conveyed through small-diameter coiled tubing, to jet horizontal drain holes into producing formations. Testing of this technology was conducted with inconclusive results. Paraffin sludge and mechanical problems were encountered in the wellbore, initially preventing the water-jet tool from reaching the kick-off point. After correcting these problems and attempting to cut a casing window with the water-jet milling assembly, lateral jetting was attempted without success.

  8. Evaluation of a Voluntary Tutoring Program in Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics for First-Year Undergraduates at Universidad Andres Bello, Chile

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jiménez, Verónica A.; Acuña, Fabiola C.; Quiero, Felipe J.; López, Margarita; Zahn, Carmen I.

    2015-01-01

    This work describes the preliminary results of a tutoring program that provides personalized academic assistance to first-year undergraduates enrolled in introductory chemistry, physics and mathematics courses at Universidad Andres Bello (UNAB), in Concepción, Chile. Intervened courses have historically large enrolments, diverse student population…

  9. Depositional cyclicity and scaling petrophysical parameters for characterization of fluid flow in carbonate platform reservoirs: San Andres outcrop, Algerita escarpment, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Lucia, F.J.; Kerans, C.; Senger, R.K. )

    1992-04-01

    San Andres outcrops along the Algerita escarpment in the Guadalupe Mountains of New Mexico are composed of five sequences: a lower to middle San Andres sequence and four upper San Andres sequences. Within a sequence the predictable stacking patterns of cycles in different systems tracts, and of facies and rock-fabric successions within cycles, provide the necessary geologic framework for petrophysical quantification of geologic models. Rock fabric is a fundamental scale controlling the petrophysical properties of porosity, permeability, and capillarity. Four basic rock fabrics are present in the upper San Andres at Lawyer Canyon: dolograinstone, dolograin-dominated packstone, finely crystalline mud-dominated dolostone, and separate-vug dolograinstone. These four rock fabrics have unique average permeability values and porosity-permeability transforms. Permeability distribution was determined in the grainstone facies of cycle 1 at scales ranging from 1 in. to 100 ft. Variogram analysis of spatial permeability distribution indicates short-range correlation with a relatively high nugget, suggesting that permeability heterogeneity is largely random within a rock-fabric facies. A detailed cross section showing the nine cycles and the vertical and lateral distribution of rock fabrics within the cycles was converted to a permeability flow model using geometric mean permeabilities. The resulting rock-fabric flow model is suitable for input into reservoir simulators for performance prediction studies.

  10. [Use and attitudes about drugs among nursing students at the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés].

    PubMed

    Flores, Iblin Elizabeth Enriquez; Luis, Margarita Antonia Villar

    2004-01-01

    This study presents the results of a research that examined the use and attitudes about alcohol, tobacco, coca leaves, tranquilizers and amphetamines among nursing students at the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés who had not used these substances over the last 12 months. Data were collected in August 2002 by means of a self-administered and distributed questionnaire, which guaranteed anonymity. The following results were obtained: Attitudes related to drugs approve of coca leaf and tranquilizer use and disapprove of cocaine. Personal use of drugs during the last 12 months corresponds to: daily use of coca leaves, alcohol less than once per week and tobacco every day. The main reason for using these drugs is related to religious practice; the students' first contact with drugs occurs through family members and (girl or boy) friends.

  11. PT -breaking threshold in spatially asymmetric Aubry-André and Harper models: Hidden symmetry and topological states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harter, Andrew K.; Lee, Tony E.; Joglekar, Yogesh N.

    2016-06-01

    Aubry-André-Harper lattice models, characterized by a reflection-asymmetric sinusoidally varying nearest-neighbor tunneling profile, are well known for their topological properties. We consider the fate of such models in the presence of balanced gain and loss potentials ±i γ located at reflection-symmetric sites. We predict that these models have a finite PT -breaking threshold only for specific locations of the gain-loss potential and uncover a hidden symmetry that is instrumental to the finite threshold strength. We also show that the topological edge states remain robust in the PT -symmetry-broken phase. Our predictions substantially broaden the possible experimental realizations of a PT -symmetric system.

  12. How Two Sides of the Atlantic Contributed to Understanding of the Global Oceans: Charles Yentsch and Andre Morel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Acker, James G.

    2013-01-01

    In a few short days in September of this year, the ocean color/ocean optics community lost two of the founding members of its Hall of FameCharles Yentsch and Andre Morel. Yentsch passed away at the age of 85 on September 19, and Morel passed away on September 23 at the age of 79. It might sound clich to say that someone was instrumental to the advance of science in a particular field, but in the case of Yentsch and Morel and ocean color instrumentation, such an assessment would likely be accurate. Each mans career complimented that of the other Yentsch was one of the first to make measurements of the light field of the ocean from altitude and to advocate an instrument in space that could observe the spectrum of ocean radiance Morels theoretical underpinnings established a firm foundation for the measurements such an instrument could make, allowing their successful interpretation.

  13. Cadmium and lead levels along the estuarine ecosystem of Tigre River-San Andres Lagoon, Tamaulipas, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Vázquez-Sauceda, María de la Luz; Pérez-Castañeda, Roberto; Sánchez-Martínez, Jesús Genaro; Aguirre-Guzmán, Gabriel

    2012-10-01

    Cadmium and lead levels were evaluated in water and sediment along the estuarine ecosystem of Tigre River-San Andres Lagoon (Gulf of Mexico) during September to December 2009. Significant highest metal concentration in water (0.45 mg L(-1) Cd and 3.94 mg L(-1) Pb) and sediment (2.83 mg kg(-1) Cd and 6.61 mg kg(-1) Pb) were found at the mouth of the Tigre River, where the fishing town of El Moron is located. Cadmium levels in sediment were above limits associated with adverse biological effects on aquatic fauna, so negative impacts on natural populations of aquatic organisms would be expected to occur. This in turn could affect the fishery resources inhabiting this ecosystem.

  14. Review of the genus Cystomutilla André, 1896 (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae: Sphaeropthalminae: Sphaeropthalmini), with description of the new genus Hemutilla gen. nov. and four new species from China.

    PubMed

    Tu, Bin-Bin; Lelej, Arkady S; Chen, Xue-Xin

    2014-11-28

    The species of the genus Cystomutilla André, 1896 are reviewed. A new genus Hemutilla Lelej, Tu et Chen, gen. nov. (type species Hemutilla granulata Tu, Lelej et Chen, sp. nov.) and four new species: H. tuberculata Tu, Lelej et Chen, sp. nov. (China: Henan, Shaanxi), H. ferrugineipes Tu, Lelej et Chen, sp. nov. (China: Hunan), H. granulata Tu, Lelej et Chen, sp. nov. (China: Zhejiang), and H. cheni Tu et Lelej, sp. nov. (China: Fujian) are described and illustrated. New combinations are proposed for Hemutilla hoozana (Zavattari, 1913), comb. nov. and H. bifurcata (Chen, 1957), comb. nov. A key to males and females of two species of Cystomutilla André and six species of Hemutilla gen. nov. is given.

  15. An interview with André M. Weitzenhofer, Ph.D., Sc.B., Sc.M., M.A. Interview by Michael D. Yapko.

    PubMed

    Weitzenhofer, André

    2005-07-01

    The hypnosis world recently lost one of its giant figures, André Weitzenhoffer. Dr. Weitzenhoffer devoted almost his entire professional life to the study of hypnosis and hypnotic phenomena. While almost everyone in the field is familiar with his many professional contributions, not as many had the privilege of hearing the man speak candidly about his career and personal views. This is a transcript of an interview with André Weitzenhoffer conducted by Michael Yapko in 1988. In it he describes his personal history and how his interest in hypnosis began, how the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scales came about, why he feels the Scales are irrelevant in clinical practice, his views on Milton Erickson, and a number of other topics of general interest.

  16. Historical analysis (2000-2005) of the coastal water quality in San Andrés Island, SeaFlower Biosphere Reserve, Caribbean Colombia.

    PubMed

    Gavio, Brigitte; Palmer-Cantillo, Shelly; Mancera, J Ernesto

    2010-07-01

    To understand the coastal water quality of San Andrès Island, and provide tools for the management of its marine resources, we present the historical analysis of the island monitoring, which includes ammonia, nitrites, nitrate, phosphates, fecal and total coliforms. The anthropogenic pressure on the coastal system is heavy, with water nutrification, posing at risk seagrass and coral ecosystems. During dry season, biologically available nitrogen is 3-9 times higher than the maximum recommended for coral reefs, while during wet season values are 2-6.4 times the maximum. Biologically available phosphorous is also high, 1-8 times the maximum during dry season, 2-13 times during wet season. In some sites the concentration of pathogenic bacteria is above the limits set by law for primary and secondary contact. It is urgent to improve the management of sewage discharge, the main polluting source of San Andres coastal waters.

  17. Realization of two-dimensional Aubry-André localization of light waves via electromagnetically induced transparency

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Hui-jun; Dou, Jian-peng; Huang, Guoxiang

    2014-03-01

    We propose a scheme to construct a two-dimensional Aubry-André (AA) model and realize two-dimensional AA localization of light waves via electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). The system we suggest is a cold, resonant atomic gas with an N-type level configuration and interacting with probe, control, assisted, and far-detuned laser fields. We show that under EIT conditions the probe-field envelope obeys a modified nonlinear Schrödinger equation with a quasiperiodic potential, which becomes a two-dimensional nonlinear AA model when the system parameters are suitably chosen. The quasiperiodic potential is obtained by the cross-phase modulation of the assisted field and the Stark shift of the far-detuned laser field. In addition, the cubic nonlinearity term appearing in the model is contributed by the self-phase modulation of the probe field. We demonstrate that the system can be used to not only realize various two-dimensional AA localizations of light waves, but also to display nonlinearity and dimensionality effects on the AA localizations.

  18. Phase diagram of a non-Abelian Aubry-André-Harper model with p -wave superfluidity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jun; Liu, Xia-Ji; Xianlong, Gao; Hu, Hui

    2016-03-01

    We study theoretically a one-dimensional quasiperiodic Fermi system with topological p -wave superfluidity, which can be deduced from a topologically nontrivial tight-binding model on the square lattice in a uniform magnetic field and subject to a non-Abelian gauge field. The system may be regarded as a non-Abelian generalization of the well-known Aubry-André-Harper model. We investigate its phase diagram as a function of the strength of the quasidisorder and the amplitude of the p -wave order parameter through a number of numerical investigations, including a multifractal analysis. There are four distinct phases separated by three critical lines, i.e., two phases with all extended wave functions [(I) and (IV)], a topologically trivial phase (II) with all localized wave functions, and a critical phase (III) with all multifractal wave functions. Phase (I) is related to phase (IV) by duality. It also seems to be related to phase (II) by duality. Our proposed phase diagram may be observable in current cold-atom experiments, in view of simulating non-Abelian gauge fields and topological insulators/superfluids with ultracold atoms.

  19. [Reef fishes community structure in 4 atolls of the San Andrés - Providencia Archipelago (Southwestern Caribbean)].

    PubMed

    Mejía, L S; Garzón-Ferreira, J

    2000-12-01

    In 1994 and 1995, 131 visual censuses of reef fishes were made using the stationary sampling method in Courtown, Albuquerque, Serrana and Roncador, four atolls of the Archipelago of San Andrés and Old Providence in the Southwestern Caribbean. Fish species and their abundances were recorded in four geomorphologic zones: lagoon, windward barrier reef, windward terrace and forereef terrace. A total of 98 species were censused; the most abundant were Chromis cyanea (14%), Clepticus parra (14%) and Stegastes partitus (10%). The most abundant families were Pomacentridae (37%), Labridae (28%) and Scaridae (10%). Analysis of similarities showed that differences between zones were greater than differences between atolls, but lagoon and forereef terrace were not significantly different. Cluster and ordination analysis confirmed these results; in addition, the ordination analysis placed the groups according to depth and wave-exposure gradients, suggesting that these two physical variables were responsibles for the clustering. Differences in equitability and species richness appear also due to these variables. Inverse analysis showed in each group few characteristic species, then the differences between zones were due specially to dominance of some species. The dominant trophic categories were planktivorous and herbivorous that were significantly different between zones. In shallow zones (shallow lagoonal patch reefs) and high wave-exposed zones (winward barrier reef) dominated herbivorous fishes, while in deeper zones (terraces and deep lagoonal patch reefs) planktivorous were more abundant.

  20. A "coca-cola" shape: cultural change, body image, and eating disorders in San Andrés, Belize.

    PubMed

    Anderson-Fye, Eileen P

    2004-12-01

    Eating disorders have been associated with developing nations undergoing rapid social transition, including participation in a global market economy and heavy media exposure. San Andrés, Belize, a community with many risk factors associated with the cross-cultural development of eating disorders, has shown remarkable resistance to previously documented patterns, despite a local focus on female beauty. Drawing on longitudinal person-centered ethnography with adolescent girls, this article examines why this community appears exceptional in light of the literature. First, community beauty and body image ideals and practices are explicated. Then, a protective ethnopsychology is proposed as a key mediating factor of the rapid socio-cultural change among young women. Finally, possible nascent cases of eating disordered behavior are discussed in light of their unique phenomenology: that is, having to do more with economic opportunity in the tourism industry and less with personal distress or desire for thinness. Close, meaning-centered examination of eating and body image practices may aid understanding and prevention of eating disorders among adolescents undergoing rapid social change in situations of globalization and immigration.

  1. The André E. Lalonde AMS Laboratory - The new accelerator mass spectrometry facility at the University of Ottawa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kieser, W. E.; Zhao, X.-L.; Clark, I. D.; Cornett, R. J.; Litherland, A. E.; Klein, M.; Mous, D. J. W.; Alary, J.-F.

    2015-10-01

    The University of Ottawa, Canada, has installed a multi-element, 3 MV tandem AMS system as the cornerstone of their new Advanced Research Complex and the principal analytical instrument of the André E. Lalonde Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Laboratory. Manufactured by High Voltage Engineering Europa B.V., the Netherlands, it is equipped with a 200 sample ion source, a high resolution, 120° injection magnet, a 90° high energy analysis magnet (mass-energy product 350 MeV-AMU), a 65°, 1.7 m radius electric analyzer and a 2 channel gas ionization detector. It is designed to analyze isotopes ranging from tritium to the actinides and to accommodate the use of fluoride target materials. This system is being extended with a second injection line, consisting of selected components from the IsoTrace Laboratory, University of Toronto. This line will contain a pre-commercial version of the Isobar Separator for Anions, manufactured by Isobarex Corp., Bolton, Ontario, Canada. This instrument uses selective ion-gas reactions in a radio-frequency quadrupole cell to attenuate both atomic and molecular isobars. This paper discusses the specifications of the new AMS equipment, reports on the acceptance test results for 10Be, 14C, 26Al and 127I and presents typical spectra for 10Be and actinide analyses.

  2. An Integrated Study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Weinbrandt, Richard; Trentham, Robert C; Robinson, William

    1997-10-23

    For a part of the Foster and South Cowden (Grayburg-San Andres) oil fields, improvement in oil production has been accomplished, in part, by using "pipeline fracturing" technology in the most recent completion to improve fluid flow rates, and filtration of waterflood injection water to preserve reservoir permeability. The 3D seismic survey acquired in conjunction with this DOE project has been used to calculate a 3D seismic inversion model, which has been analyzed to provide detailed maps of porosity within the productive upper 250 feet of the Grayburg Formation. Geologic data, particularly from logs and cores, have been combined with the geophysical interpretation and production history information to develop a model of the reservoir that defines estimations of remaining producible oil. The integrated result is greater than the sum of its parts, since no single data form adequately describes the reservoir. Each discipline relies upon computer software that runs on PC-type computers, allowing virtually any size company to affordably access the technology required to achieve similar results.

  3. Geologic model of San Andres reservoir, Roberts Unit CO sub 2 Phase III area, Wasson field, Yoakum County, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Bent, J.V. Jr. )

    1992-04-01

    Roberts unit is a mature San Andres waterflood project located in Wasson field, Yoakum County, Texas. Texaco, as operator, has evaluated the reservoir for CO{sub 2} flooding, and a four-phased CO{sub 2} project has been designed for the unit. A critical aspect of CO{sub 2} flood design is the development of geologic reservoir management, such as flood monitoring and evaluation of infill drilling. The geologic reservoir model established for the southeastern part of the unit (the CO{sub 2} Phase III area) is an example of this design. The reservoir consists of stacked carbonate depositional sequences. The cyclic nature of these depositional sequences is reflected in both core-defined lithofacies and porosity log character. Sequences consist of basal mudstones, restricted-shelf skeletal wackestones, open-shelf skeletal wackestones and packstones, solution and brecciated zones, and peloidal packstone caps. Intertidal mudstones and wackestones occur at the top of the reservoir and in the overlying reservoir seal. Porosity distribution is controlled by diagenetic events, but these events are closely related to depositional facies. Reservoir geometry and reservoir quality are interpreted from study of carbonate lithofacies, porosity and permeability relationships, and injection characteristics. Depositional sequences are subdivided into layers (flow units) for use in reservoir simulation. Log normalization, core description, porosity interpretation, reservoir mapping, three-dimensional modeling, and joint effort between project geologists and engineers contributed to development of the reservoir model.

  4. EURAPS at 20 years. A brief history of European Plastic Surgery from the Société Européenne de Chirurgie Structive to the European Association of Plastic Surgeons (EURAPS).

    PubMed

    Mazzola, Riccardo F; Kon, Moshe

    2010-06-01

    By the end of WWI, plastic surgery had reached unexpected heights. The high quality of the work done for soldiers with facial injuries and burns, either as an emergency or as a delayed procedure, demonstrated that this new discipline was honourable, worthwhile and socially crucial, thus deserving official recognition and independence. The establishment of new plastic surgery centres, scientific societies and specialised journals were the key to success for the achievement of this goal. In 1936, the Belgian Maurice Coelst (1894-1963) founded the Société Européenne de Chirurgie Structive, the first supranational society, with the aim of gathering once a year all those interested in this new branch of surgery and favouring confrontation of ideas by showing innovative clinical procedures. The very successful first Congress with a large international participation was held in Brussels, with Coelst as the president, the second in London, in 1937, organised by Kilner and the third in Milano, in 1938, arranged by Sanvenero Rosselli. Even live surgery was performed during the meetings. The beginning of the WWII stopped the Societé's activities, which were never resumed. In the late 1980s, when plastic surgery reached its zenith, the necessity was felt to create a new supranational society, different in its purpose from the existing European Section of IPRAS, later European Society of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery (ESPRAS), an organisation where all the official European plastic surgery societies merged automatically. The aim was to promote the excellence of plastic surgery in Europe, to furnish an annual forum for the selection of the best scientific works presented at national societies and to stimulate research and education at a European level. Established in 1989, 53 years after the foundation of the Société Européenne de Chirurgie Structive, it was named the European Association of Plastic Surgeons (EURAPS). The first scientific meeting took place

  5. Neurological Impact of World War I on the Artistic Avant-Garde: The Examples of André Breton, Guillaume Apollinaire and Blaise Cendrars.

    PubMed

    Bogousslavsky, Julien; Tatu, Laurent

    2016-01-01

    World War I erupted at a time when artistic avant-gardes were particularly thriving across Europe. Young poets, writers, painters and sculptors were called to arms or voluntary enrolled to fight, and several of them died during the conflict. Among others, it dramatically changed their creative output, either through specific wounds or through personal encounters and experiences. These individual events then significantly modified the course of the literary and artistic avant-garde movements. Three particularly illustrative examples of avant-garde French poets are presented here: André Breton (1896-1966), Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918) and Blaise Cendrars (1887-1961). The deep source of the surrealist movement can indeed be found in André Breton's involvement as an auxiliary physician with critical interest in neuropsychiatry, which caused him to discover automatic writing. Guillaume Apollinaire's right temporal subdural hematoma strongly modified his emotional state and subsequent artistic activities. Alternatively, after losing his right, writing hand, Blaise Cendrars not only substituted it with a phantom but also rapidly switched from poetry to novels after he learnt to write with his left hand.

  6. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres reservoir, Foster and South Cowden fields, Ector County, Texas. Quarterly report, October--December, 1996

    SciTech Connect

    Trentham, R.C.; Weinbrandt, R.; Robertson, W.

    1997-03-17

    Seismic objectives addressed during the fourth quarter concerned seismic recognition of Grayburg carbonate porosity and development of maps of the distribution of seismic properties which can be related to reservoir porosity. Synthetic seismograms representing various porosity combinations for the Grayburg A sequence were interpolated in forward models to demonstrate waveform character, and a seismic inversion model was used as the basis for work with seismic-guided attribute maps which have been instrumental in defining porosity within the upper Grayburg. The geologic objectives addressed during the quarter were the integration of the geologic model into the 3D to accurately portray the lithologic markers, the coring and logging of the Witcher {number_sign}12, and working toward the development of a successful completion technique for the lower Grayburg and San Andres. Considerable effort went into developing a usable seismic velocity/log porosity transform. There were a number of engineering objectives this quarter. The development of a successful completion technique for the lower Grayburg and San Andres which would contact the maximum volume of reservoir, minimize potential water production, and be cost effective was a high priority. The Witcher {number_sign}12 was drilled, and Foster-Pegues {number_sign} 4 re-entered and converted to injection this Quarter. The first steps in the quantitative integration of seismic data into the reservoir simulation were taken this quarter. Work on water quality, buildup and fall off tests and the update of production and injection data in the model was ongoing.

  7. Geologic investigations in support of a proposed carbon dioxide miscible flood in the MCA unit Maljamar-Grayburg/San Andres Pool, Lea County, New Mexico. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Foster, R.W.

    1984-03-01

    Presented are the results of a detailed geologic study of the principal oil-bearing intervals within the Grayburg and San Andres Formations at the MCA Unit of the Maljamar Field. The work includes an interpretation of the depositional environment for selected intervals as determined from core and thinsection studies. The conclusion is that the sediments were deposited along a prograding shore line and represent near shore marine, intertidal, and supratidal deposits. An evaluation of porosity and permeability as related to core interpretations led to the conclusion that conditions favorable for the accumulation of oil were almost entirely restricted to nearshore marine deposits. Intertidal and supratidal rocks were not favorable for the development of effective porosity. Although many types of porosity are present, the most important in both the dolomite and sandstone reservoirs is secondary vuggy porosity. The Grayburg includes at least 14 sandstone reservoirs and the San Andres numerous dolomite zones and one sandstone interval. The distribution and effective porosity of important zones as related to the carbon dioxide flood are shown in maps and cross sections. 14 references, 64 figures, 11 tables.

  8. Precipitation, density, and population dynamics of desert bighorn sheep on San Andres National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bender, L.C.; Weisenberger, M.E.

    2005-01-01

    Understanding the determinants of population size and performance for desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis mexicana) is critical to develop effective recovery and management strategies. In arid environments, plant communities and consequently herbivore populations are strongly dependent upon precipitation, which is highly variable seasonally and annually. We conducted a retrospective exploratory analysis of desert bighorn sheep population dynamics on San Andres National Wildlife Refuge (SANWR), New Mexico, 1941-1976, by modeling sheep population size as a function of previous population sizes and precipitation. Population size and trend of desert bighorn were best and well described (R 2=0.89) by a model that included only total annual precipitation as a covariate. Models incorporating density-dependence, delayed density-dependence, and combinations of density and precipitation were less informative than the model containing precipitation alone (??AlCc=8.5-22.5). Lamb:female ratios were positively related to precipitation (current year: F1,34=7.09, P=0.012; previous year: F1,33=3.37, P=0.075) but were unrelated to population size (current year. F1,34=0.04, P=0.843; previous year: F1,33 =0.14, P=0.715). Instantaneous population rate of increase (r) was related to population size (F1,33=5.55; P=0.025). Precipitation limited populations of desert bighorn sheep on SANWR primarily in a density-independent manner by affecting production or survival of lambs, likely through influences on forage quantity and quality. Habitat evaluations and recovery plans for desert bighorn sheep need to consider fundamental influences on desert bighorn populations such as precipitation and food, rather than focus solely on proximate issues such as security cover, predation, and disease. Moreover, the concept of carrying capacity for desert bighorn sheep may need re-evaluation in respect to highly variable (CV =35.6%) localized precipitation patterns. On SANWR carrying capacity for desert

  9. Development and recent activity of the San Andrés landslide on El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klimeš, Jan; Yepes, Jorge; Becerril, Laura; Kusák, Michal; Galindo, Inés; Blahut, Jan

    2016-05-01

    Extremely voluminous landslides with a long run-out (also known as megalandslides) on oceanic volcanic islands are infrequent denudational processes on such islands. At the same time, they represent a major geological hazard that must be looked into to avoid negative consequences for the inhabitants of these islands. Their occurrence can be related to periods of intense seismo-volcanic activity, similar to that which occurred on El Hierro Island over 2011-2012. Landslides on volcanic islands are studied using onshore and offshore geological, geophysical and geomorphological records, considering their unique triggering conditions (e.g. lava intrusions, eruptive vents, magma chamber collapses). Previous work has pointed out similarities between specific cases of landslides on volcanic islands and deep-seated gravitational slope deformations (DSGSDs) which are typical in high mountain settings. Nevertheless, the methodological approaches and concepts used to investigate DSGSDs are not commonly applied on volcanic islands studies, even though their use may provide new information about the development stage, recent movements and future hazards. Therefore, this approach for studying the San Andrés landslide (SAL) on El Hierro (Canary Islands) has been developed applying a detailed morphological field mapping, an interpretation of digital elevation models, structural measurements, kinematic testing, and a precise movement monitoring system. The acquired information revealed a strong structural influence on the landslide morphology and the presence of sets of weakened planes acting as the sliding surfaces of the SAL or secondary landslides within its body. The presence of secondary landslides, deep erosive gullies, coastal cliffs and high on-shore relative relief also suggests a high susceptibility to future landslide movement. Direct monitoring on the landslide scarps and the slip plane, performed between February 2013 and July 2014, using an automated optical

  10. Andre Can Read.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malmgren, Rene L.

    1985-01-01

    Allowing a fifth grader who caused problems in regular classrooms to exert control over some learning activities led to the student's involvement in the activities, his commitment to their completion, and the development of a situation that made learning to read desirable and acceptable to him. (PGD)

  11. Libro de Melancholía by Andrés Velázquez (1585). Part 2. its context and importance.

    PubMed

    Contreras Mas, Antonio

    2003-06-01

    The second part of this paper examines the views of the hitherto forgotten Spanish physician Andrés Velázquez on the subject of melancholy. The study was made possible by the reissue in 1996 of his books originally published in 1585 - one of the earliest European works to deal exclusively with the subject of melancholy. Velázquez attempted to analyse the illness known as melancholy and, in order to do this, he had to explain some of the functions and structures of the human brain. His explanations about the role that the brain played as the location of thought and the substrate of the soul were based mainly on the ideas of Galen; he was also influenced by the work of other physicians and writers, including Arab writers and some of his own contemporaries.

  12. [Knowledge on drugs phenomenon by students and faculty from the Medical School at Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia].

    PubMed

    Navia-Bueno, Maria del Pilar; Farah-Bravo, Jacqueline; Yaksic-Feraudy, Nina; Philco-Lima, Patrícia; Takayanagui, Angela Maria Magosso

    2011-06-01

    The goal of this study was to identify the degree of knowledge of students and health educators on licit and illicit drugs, related to the type, classification, action, mechanisms damages, consequences and adverse effects, besides use and consumption. A cross-sectional methodological design was used, with a sample of 172 students, professors and residents in medicine and nursing at Universidad Mayor de San Andrés (UMSA), Bolivia. The results reveal weak knowledge on the classification of psychotropic substances according to structure, chemical property and effects for health, highlighting significant difference with knowledge on licit and illicit drugs use, with high percentages. In conclusion, there is lack of knowledge in all groups studied on licit and illicit drugs regarding the consequences and adverse effects. This confirms the need to improve teaching on this content in health schools.

  13. Petrographic report on samples from units 4 and 5 salt, lower San Andres formation, J. Friemel No. 1 well, Deaf Smith County, Palo Duro Basin, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Fukui, L.M.; Hopping, R.B.

    1985-01-01

    This report presents the results of mineralogic and petrographic analyses performed on samples of salt-bearing rock from a potential repository site in the Palo Duro Basin, Texas. The samples are from Permian Units 4 and 5 salt, Lower San Andres Formation, J. Friemel No. 1 well, Deaf Smith County, Texas. The mineralogic and petrographic data were obtained from polished thin sections cut parallel to the axis of the core for each sample. The polished thin sections were examined in order to determine the abundances of soluble (halite) and insoluble components (anhydrite, clay, carbonate, quartz, gypsum, etc.). The information reported here includes mineral associations (detrital, authigenic, cement, alteration, etc.), texture, grain size, and sedimentary fabrics. The report also includes representative photomicrographs with superimposed bar scales. Photomicrographs of polished thin sections have the up-core direction designated. X-ray diffraction was also used for identification of soluble and insoluble minerals. 7 refs., 2 tabs.

  14. Hydrogeology and aquifer test on the San Andres-Glorieta Aquifer on the southwest part of the Zuni Indian Reservation, Cibola County, New Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Crouch, T.M.

    1994-01-01

    A large-yield aquifer test of the confined San Andres-Glorieta aquifer was conducted in 1988 to estimate aquifer properties and evaluate the potential effects of large-scale development on the aquifer by pumping from a cave-fracture system on the southwest part of the Zuni Indian Reservation. The San Andres-Glorieta aquifer underlies the reservation and in much of the area is the only aquifer capable of yielding large volumes of water. Two observation wells were drilled 1.2 and 2.7 miles from the pumped well. Water-level responses were recorded at distances from 179 feet to about 5 miles from the pumped well at these and other wells and at Rainbow Spring. Water levels declined at all observation wells and Rainbow Spring in response to pumping for more than 10 days at about 2,580 gallons per minute. Drawdown after 9 days varied from about 4 feet at the pumped well to about 0.2 foot at the most distant observation well and Rainbow Spring. If pumping continued at the average rate as the first 9 days of the test, 2,540 gallons per minute, and aquifer response remained constant, Rainbow Spring would have nearly 2 feet of drawdown after 30 years, and probably would be accompanied by a reduction in springflow of about 65 percent, to about 210 gallons per minute. Water quality remained generally unchanged throughout the aquifer test and is practically the same as that of samples collected at well ZS-1 in 1984 and Rainbow Spring in 1979.

  15. San Andres Rift, Nicaraguan Shelf: A 346-Km-Long, North-South Rift Zone Actively Extending the Interior of the "Stable" Caribbean Plate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carvajal, L. C.; Mann, P.

    2015-12-01

    The San Andres rift (SAR) is an active, 015°-trending, bathymetric and structural rift basin that extends for 346 km across the Nicaraguan platform and varies in bathymetric width from 11-27 km and in water depth from 1,250 to 2,500 m. We used four 2D regional seismic lines tied to two offshore, industry wells located west of the SAR on the Nicaraguan platform to map normal faults, transfer faults, and possibly volcanic features with the rift. The Colombian islands of San Andres (26 km2) and Providencia (17 km2) are footwall uplifts along west-dipping, normal fault bounding the eastern margin of the rift. Mapping indicates the pre-rift section is Late Cretaceous to Oligocene in age and that the onset of rifting began in the early to middle Miocene as shown by wedging of the Miocene and younger sedimentary fill controlled by north-south-striking normal faults. Structural restorations at two locations across the rift shows that the basin opened mainly by dip-slip fault motions producing a total, east-west extension of 18 km in the north and 15 km in the south. Structural restoration shows the rift formed on a 37-km-wide, elongate basement high - possibly of late Cretaceous, volcanic origin and related to the Caribbean large igneous province. Previous workers have noted that the SAR is associated with province of Pliocene to Quaternary seamounts and volcanoes which range from non-alkaline to mildly alkaline, including volcanic rocks on Providencia described as andesites and rhyolites. The SAR forms one of the few recognizable belts of recorded seismicity within the Caribbean plate. The origin of the SAR is related to Miocene and younger left-lateral displacement along the Pedro Banks fault to the north and the southwestern Hess fault to the south. We propose that the amount of left-lateral displacement that created the rift is equivalent to the amount of extension that formed it: 18-20 km.

  16. New data on two remarkable Antarctic species Amblydorylaimusisokaryon (Loof, 1975) Andrássy, 1998 and Pararhyssocolpusparadoxus (Loof, 1975), gen. n., comb. n. (Nematoda, Dorylaimida).

    PubMed

    Elshishka, Milka; Lazarova, Stela; Radoslavov, Georgi; Hristov, Petar; Peneva, Vlada K

    2015-01-01

    The taxonomic position of two antarctic dorylaimid species Amblydorylaimusisokaryon (Loof, 1975) Andrássy, 1998 and Pararhyssocolpusparadoxus (Loof, 1975), gen. n., comb. n. are discussed on the basis of morphological, including SEM study, morphometric, postembryonic and sequence data of 18S rDNA and the D2-D3 expansion fragments of large subunit rDNA. The evolutionary trees inferred from 18S sequences show insufficient resolution to determine the assignment of the two species to particular families, moreover Pararhyssocolpusparadoxus gen. n., comb. n. (=Rhyssocolpusparadoxus) previously regarded as a member of Nordiidae or Qudsianematidae, showed distant relationship both to Rhyssocolpusvinciguerrae and Eudorylaimus spp. The phylogram inferred from 28S sequences revealed that Amblydorylaimusisokaryon is a member of a well-supported group comprised of several Aporcelaimellus spp., while, no close relationships could be revealed for the Pararhyssocolpusparadoxus gen. n., comb. n. to any nematode genus. On the basis of molecular data and morphological characteristics, some taxonomic changes are proposed. Amblydorylaimusisokaryon is transferred from family Qudsianematidae to family Aporcelaimidae, and a new monotypic genus Pararhyssocolpus gen. n. is proposed, attributed to Pararhyssocolpidaefam. n. The diagnosis of the new family is provided together with emended diagnosis of the genera Amblydorylaimus and Pararhyssocolpus gen. n. Data concerning distribution of these endemic genera in the Antarctic region are also given.

  17. New data on two remarkable Antarctic species Amblydorylaimus isokaryon (Loof, 1975) Andrássy, 1998 and Pararhyssocolpus paradoxus (Loof, 1975), gen. n., comb. n. (Nematoda, Dorylaimida)

    PubMed Central

    Elshishka, Milka; Lazarova, Stela; Radoslavov, Georgi; Hristov, Petar; Peneva, Vlada K.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The taxonomic position of two antarctic dorylaimid species Amblydorylaimus isokaryon (Loof, 1975) Andrássy, 1998 and Pararhyssocolpus paradoxus (Loof, 1975), gen. n., comb. n. are discussed on the basis of morphological, including SEM study, morphometric, postembryonic and sequence data of 18S rDNA and the D2-D3 expansion fragments of large subunit rDNA. The evolutionary trees inferred from 18S sequences show insufficient resolution to determine the assignment of the two species to particular families, moreover Pararhyssocolpus paradoxus gen. n., comb. n. (=Rhyssocolpus paradoxus) previously regarded as a member of Nordiidae or Qudsianematidae, showed distant relationship both to Rhyssocolpus vinciguerrae and Eudorylaimus spp. The phylogram inferred from 28S sequences revealed that Amblydorylaimus isokaryon is a member of a well-supported group comprised of several Aporcelaimellus spp., while, no close relationships could be revealed for the Pararhyssocolpus paradoxus gen. n., comb. n. to any nematode genus. On the basis of molecular data and morphological characteristics, some taxonomic changes are proposed. Amblydorylaimus isokaryon is transferred from family Qudsianematidae to family Aporcelaimidae, and a new monotypic genus Pararhyssocolpus gen. n. is proposed, attributed to Pararhyssocolpidae fam. n. The diagnosis of the new family is provided together with emended diagnosis of the genera Amblydorylaimus and Pararhyssocolpus gen. n. Data concerning distribution of these endemic genera in the Antarctic region are also given. PMID:26257550

  18. Monsters and the case of L. Joseph: André Feil's thesis on the origin of the Klippel-Feil syndrome and a social transformation of medicine.

    PubMed

    Belykh, Evgenii; Malik, Kashif; Simoneau, Isabelle; Yagmurlu, Kaan; Lei, Ting; Cavalcanti, Daniel D; Byvaltsev, Vadim A; Theodore, Nicholas; Preul, Mark C

    2016-07-01

    André Feil (1884-1955) was a French physician best recognized for his description, coauthored with Maurice Klippel, of patients with congenital fusion of cervical vertebrae, a condition currently known as Klippel-Feil syndrome. However, little is known about his background aside from the fact that he was a student of Klippel and a physician who took a keen interest in describing congenital anomalies. Despite the relative lack of information on Feil, his contributions to the fields of spinal disease and teratology extended far beyond science to play an integral role in changing the misguided perception shrouding patients with disfigurements, defects, deformities, and so-called monstrous births. In particular, Feil's 1919 medical school thesis on cervical abnormalities was a critical publication in defying long-held theory and opinion that human "monstrosities," anomalies, developmental abnormalities, and altered congenital physicality were a consequence of sinful behavior or a reversion to a primitive state. Indeed, his thesis on a spinal deformity centering on his patient, L. Joseph, was at the vanguard for a new view of a patient as nothing less than fully human, no matter his or her physicality or appearance.

  19. Description of new species of Pterygorhabditis Timm, and Aspidonema (Sachs, ) Andrássy, (Nematoda: Bunonematoidea) in aquatic habitats from India.

    PubMed

    Tahseen, Q; Khan, R; Ahlawat, S

    2016-07-01

    The paper contains descriptions of two new species of the genera Pterygorhabditis Timm, 1957 and Aspidonema (Sachs, 1949) Andrássy, 1958 belonging to the families Pterygorhabditidae Goodey 1963 and Bunonematidae Micoletzky 1922, respectively. Species were procured from fixed samples, collected earlier from aquatic habitats. Pterygorhabditis punctata n. sp. is characterized by a cuticle with flattened hexagonal blocks arranged in eight longitudinal rows in both sexes; each metastegostomal plate with a minute denticle, and males with long, slender, fused spicules and nine pairs of post-cloacal, prominently setose genital papillae. Aspidonema formosa n. sp. is the first report of the genus from India. The species is characterized by the right side provided with 35-48 pairs of warts flanking a row of smooth membranous shields and surrounded by a well-developed network and an anisomorphic metastegostom without discernible armature. Species are compared with other congeners, together with the diagnoses of amended genera, and keys to the identification of species are provided.

  20. Scientific research at the Laboratoire Arago (Banyuls, France) in the twentieth century: Edouard Chatton, the "master", and André Lwoff, the "pupil".

    PubMed

    Soyer-Gobillard, Marie-Odile

    2002-03-01

    Edouard Chatton (1883-1947) began his scientific career in the Pasteur Institute, where he made several important discoveries regarding pathogenic protists (trypanosomids, Plasmodium, toxoplasms, Leishmania). In 1908 he married a "Banyulencque", Marie Herre; from 1920, he focused his research on marine protists. He finished his career as Professor at the Sorbonne (Paris) and director of the Laboratoire Arago in Banyuls-sur-mer, where he died in 1947. André Lwoff (1902-1994) lived several scientific lives in addition to his artistic and family life. But it is the study of protists that filled his first life after he encountered the exceptional Master who was Chatton. Lwoff's father was a psychiatrist and his mother an artist sculptor. He became a Doctor of Medicine in 1927 and then a Doctor of Sciences in 1932, his thesis dealing with biochemical aspects of protozoa nutrition. He met Chatton in 1921 and until Chatton's death--their meetings, first in Roscoff and then in Banyuls-sur-mer, were numerous and their collaboration very close. Their monograph on apostome ciliates was one of the peaks of this collaboration. In 1938, Lwoff was made director of the Microbial Physiology Department at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, where he began a new life devoted to bacteria, and then to viruses, before pursuing his career as director of the Cancer Research Institute in Villejuif (France). Lwoff was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965. He died in Banyuls in 1994. "Master" and "pupil" had in common perseverance in their scientific work, conception and observation, a critical sense and rigor but also a great artistic sensibility that painting and drawing in the exceptional surroundings of Banyuls-sur-mer had fulfilled.

  1. Cytotoxic and Antimicrobial Activity of Pseudopterosins and seco-Pseudopterosins Isolated from the Octocoral Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae of San Andrés and Providencia Islands (Southwest Caribbean Sea)

    PubMed Central

    Correa, Hebelin; Aristizabal, Fabio; Duque, Carmenza; Kerr, Russell

    2011-01-01

    To expand the potential of pseudopterosins and seco-pseudopterosins isolated from the octocoral Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae of San Andrés and Providencia islands (southwest Caribbean Sea), we report the anti-microbial profile against four pathogenic microorganisms (Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans) and report a more complete cytotoxic profile against five human cells lines (HeLa, PC-3, HCT116, MCF-7 and BJ) for the compounds PsG, PsP, PsQ, PsS, PsT, PsU, 3-O-acetyl-PsU, seco-PsJ, seco-PsK and IMNGD. For the cytotoxic profiles, all compounds evaluated showed moderate and non-selective activity against both tumor and normal cell lines, where PsQ and PsG were the most active compounds (GI50 values between 5.8 μM to 12.0 μM). With respect to their anti-microbial activity the compounds showed good and selective activity against the Gram-positive bacteria, while they did not show activity against the Gram-negative bacterium or yeast. PsU, PsQ, PsS, seco-PsK and PsG were the most active compounds (IC50 2.9–4.5 μM) against S. aureus and PsG, PsU and seco-PsK showed good activity (IC50 3.1–3.8 μM) against E. faecalis, comparable to the reference drug vancomycin (4.2 μM). PMID:21556163

  2. Systematic revision and phylogeny of the genera Blakeius Ashmead, 1903 and Liomutilla André, 1907, with description of two new genera (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae, Myrmillinae).

    PubMed

    Turrisi, Giuseppe Fabrizio; Palmerini, Maurizio Matteini; Brothers, Denis J

    2015-09-01

    Nine species of Palaearctic Myrmillinae with females bearing two round spots on the second metasomal tergite, currently assigned to two genera, Blakeius Ashmead, 1903 and Liomutilla André, 1907, are revised and their phylogenetic relationships are investigated. The cladistic analyses demonstrate that Blakeius is not strictly monophyletic but includes three distinct lineages: Blakeius s. str., containing three species, an additional two genera proposed as new (Bidecoloratilla Turrisi & Matteini Palmerini, gen. nov., with four species, type species Mutilla chiesi Spinola, 1839, and Bimaculatilla Turrisi & Matteini Palmerini, gen. nov., including only type species Myrmilla invreai Suárez, 1958), and the monotypic genus Liomutilla is nested within the former Blakeius. A new status is proposed for Bla. cobosi (Suárez, 1958), stat. nov., and the specific status of Bid. iberica (Suárez, 1958), is confirmed. New combinations are proposed for Bim. invreai (Suárez, 1958), comb. nov. (from Myrmilla), Bid. chiesi (Spinola, 1839), comb. nov., Bid. iberica (Suárez, 1958), comb. nov., Bid. leopoldina (Invrea, 1955), comb. nov. Bid. negrei (Suárez, 1958), comb. nov. (all from Blakeius). Lectotypes are designated for Myr. otini Giner Marí, 1959 (♀) and Myr. leopoldina Invrea, 1955 (♂). Redescriptions of all treated taxa, based also on material belonging to the type series, are provided, along with illustrations of both sexes. Based on extensive material of relevant museum collections and personal collections, the distributions of all treated taxa are revised and illustrated through distributional maps. A revised key to genera of the subfamily Myrmillinae of the Palaearctic Region is given.

  3. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas. Annual report, August 1, 1996--July 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Trentham, R.C.; Weinbrandt, R.; Robinson, W.

    1997-12-01

    The objective of this two-phase study is to demonstrate an integrated methodology for reservoir characterization of shallow shelf carbonate reservoir that is feasible, and cost effective for the independent operator. Furthermore, it will provide one of the first public demonstrations of the enhancement of reservoir characterization using high-resolution three dimensional (3D) seismic data. This particular project is evaluating the Grayburg and San Andres reservoirs in the Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas. This 68 year old field was approaching its economic limit and the leases evaluated would have been abandoned in 10 years. A multidisciplinary approach to waterflood design and implementation, along with the addition of reserves by selective infill drilling and deepening, is being applied to this field. This approach in reservoir development will be applicable to a wide range of shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs throughout the US. The first phase of the project included the design, acquisition, and interpretation of the 3D seismic survey, the collection and evaluation of geologic (core and log) data, and engineering (historical production, well test, injection) data from a variety of sources. From this work, a geologically based production history model was simulated. Based on the recommendations made at the end of Phase One, three new wells were drilled, one existing well was deepened, two wells were worked over, one TA`d well was re-entered, and one well was converted to injection. In addition, the quality of the injection water was greatly improved, a step necessary prior to increasing injection in the project area. The realignment of the waterflood and all additional well work await the completion of the seismic based history match and engineering simulation.

  4. Cytotoxic and antimicrobial activity of pseudopterosins and seco-pseudopterosins isolated from the octocoral Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae of San Andrés and Providencia Islands (Southwest Caribbean Sea).

    PubMed

    Correa, Hebelin; Aristizabal, Fabio; Duque, Carmenza; Kerr, Russell

    2011-03-04

    To expand the potential of pseudopterosins and seco-pseudopterosins isolated from the octocoral Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae of San Andrés and Providencia islands (southwest Caribbean Sea), we report the anti-microbial profile against four pathogenic microorganisms (Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans) and report a more complete cytotoxic profile against five human cells lines (HeLa, PC-3, HCT116, MCF-7 and BJ) for the compounds PsG, PsP, PsQ, PsS, PsT, PsU, 3-O-acetyl-PsU, seco-PsJ, seco-PsK and IMNGD. For the cytotoxic profiles, all compounds evaluated showed moderate and non-selective activity against both tumor and normal cell lines, where PsQ and PsG were the most active compounds (GI₅₀ values between 5.8 μM to 12.0 μM). With respect to their anti-microbial activity the compounds showed good and selective activity against the Gram-positive bacteria, while they did not show activity against the Gram-negative bacterium or yeast. PsU, PsQ, PsS, seco-PsK and PsG were the most active compounds (IC₅₀ 2.9-4.5 μM) against S. aureus and PsG, PsU and seco-PsK showed good activity (IC₅₀ 3.1-3.8 μM) against E. faecalis, comparable to the reference drug vancomycin (4.2 μM).

  5. Application of reservoir characterization and advanced technology to improve recovery and economics in a lower quality shallow shelf San Andres reservoir. Quarterly progress report, October 1--December 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, A.R.; Hickman, T.S.; Justice, J.J.

    1998-01-31

    West Welch Unit is one of four large waterflood units in the Welch Field in the northwestern portion of Dawson County, Texas. The Welch Field produces oil under a solution gas drive mechanism from the San Andres formation at approximately 4,800 ft. The field has been under waterflood for 30 years and a significant portion has been infill-drilled on 20-ac density. A 1982--86 pilot CO{sub 2} injection project in the offsetting South Welch Unit yielded positive results. Recent installation of a CO{sub 2} pipeline near the field allowed the phased development of a miscible CO{sub 2} injection project at the South Welch Unit. The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: advanced petrophysics; three-dimensional seismic; cross-well bore tomography; advanced reservoir simulation; CO{sub 2} stimulation treatments; hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and mobility control agents. During the quarter, development of the project`s south expansion area was undertaken, work was continued on interpreting the crosswell seismic data and CO{sub 2} injection into 11 wells was initiated.

  6. [Chemical constituents of Begonia evansiana Andr].

    PubMed

    Zhang, J; Chen, Y; Li, B; Wang, M

    1997-05-01

    Six compounds were isolated from Begonia evansiana. By means of TLC, mp, 1H and 13CNMR, they were idenified as beta-sitosterol, beta-amyrin, daucosterol, stigmasterol, stigmasterol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside and 4', 5', 7-trihydroxy-flavone-6-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside. All the compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time.

  7. L'ÉDUCATION Musicale pour la Formation D'une IDENTITÉ EUROPÉENNE Pluraliste

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albarea, Roberto

    1997-01-01

    This paper presents some of the elements which have been typical of music in different contexts and cultures, and describes an approach to musical phenomena which relates them to the intercultural and interdisciplinary dimension of lifelong education (music considered as a cultural good, an expression form, a field of creativity, an artistic production and an aesthetic experience). From the educational point of view, the aim is to form "multi-musical" individuals. In this framework are set the problem of musical identity and the need to spell out that identity in relation to stereotypes (popular music, classical music, folk music, etc.) and the differing shades of diversity. Particular attention needs to be given to the question of the universals seen in the psychology of music and the configuration of musical phenomena as structures which are organized hierarchically in several dimensions. In short, music in all its forms can help to form a dynamic, pluralist identity in the European context.

  8. Phenylpropanoid metabolism in suspension cultures of Vanilla planifolia Andr

    SciTech Connect

    Funk, C.; Brodelius, P.E. )

    1990-09-01

    Feeding of cinnamic acid and ferulic acid to non-treated and chitosan-treated cell suspension cultures of Vanilla planifolia resulted in the formation of trace amounts of p-hydroxybenzoic acid (5.2 micrograms per gram fresh weight of cells) and vanillic acid (6.4 micrograms per gram fresh weight of cells), respectively. Addition of a 4-hydroxycinnamate: CoA-ligase inhibitor, 3,4-(methylenedioxy)-cinnamic acid (MDCA), resulted in a reduced biosynthesis of ligneous material with a simultaneous significant increased vanillic acid formation (around 75 micrograms per gram fresh weight of cells). A K{sub i} of 100 micromolar for 4-hydroxycinnamate: CoA-ligase in a crude preparation was estimated for this inhibitor. It is suggested that the conversion of cinnamic acids into benzoic acids does not involve cinnamoyl CoA esters as intermediates. Feeding of {sup 14}C-cinnamic acid and {sup 14}C-ferulic acid to cells treated with MDCA indicate that cinnamic acid, but not ferulic acid, is a precursor of vanillic acid in these cultivated cells of V. planifolia.

  9. Final Environmental Assessment for San Andres Water Line, Holloman Air Force Base, Otero County, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-16

    and Low-Income Populations, mandates Federal agencies to address disproportionately high and adverse human health and/or environmental effects of...gaseous or semisolid waste, or any combination of wastes that could or do pose a substantial hazard to human health or the 40 04/16/2007 Draft...to address the potential for disproportionately high or adverse human health or environmental effects on these communities. 4.5.2 Potential

  10. Human factors in aircraft incidents - Results of a 7-year study (Andre Allard Memorial Lecture)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Billings, C. E.; Reynard, W. D.

    1984-01-01

    It is pointed out that nearly all fatal aircraft accidents are preventable, and that most such accidents are due to human error. The present discussion is concerned with the results of a seven-year study of the data collected by the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS). The Aviation Safety Reporting System was designed to stimulate as large a flow as possible of information regarding errors and operational problems in the conduct of air operations. It was implemented in April, 1976. In the following 7.5 years, 35,000 reports have been received from pilots, controllers, and the armed forces. Human errors are found in more than 80 percent of these reports. Attention is given to the types of events reported, possible causal factors in incidents, the relationship of incidents and accidents, and sources of error in the data. ASRS reports include sufficient detail to permit authorities to institute changes in the national aviation system designed to minimize the likelihood of human error, and to insulate the system against the effects of errors.

  11. 1998 Andre Allard Lecture. Aerospace medicine in the 21st century--reaching for the stars.

    PubMed

    Lim, M K

    1999-09-01

    The 21st century will be an era of unprecedented scientific achievements, one in which man will continue to overcome limits rather than be overcome by them. Aerospace medicine will continue to make significant contributions as aviation and space activities intensify, and as new technologies pose new aeromedical challenges. More than that, aerospace medicine's role will prove decisive in man's quest for his ultimate destiny in the universe.

  12. Contributions to cytogenetics of Plectranthus barbatus Andr. (Lamiaceae): a medicinal plant

    PubMed Central

    Reis, Aryane Campos; Viccini, Lyderson Facio; de Sousa, Saulo Marçal

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Accessions of Plectranthus barbatus (Lamiaceae), a medicinal plant, were investigated using a cytogenetic approach and flow cytometry (FCM). Here, we describe for the first time details of the karyotype including chromosome morphology, physical mapping of GC rich bands (CMA3 banding), as well as the mapping of 45S and 5S rDNA sites. All accessions studied showed karyotypes with 2n = 30 small metacentric and submetacentric chromosomes. The CMA3 banding and fluorescent in situ hybridization techniques revealed coincidence between CMA3 bands and 45S rDNA sites (6 terminal marks) while for the 5S rDNA were observed 4 subterminal marks no coincident with CMA3 marks. For nuclear genome size measurement, the FCM procedure provided histograms with G0/G1 peaks exhibiting CV between 2.0–4.9 and the mean values obtained for the species was 2C = 2.78 pg, with AT% = 61.08 and GC% = 38.92. The cytogenetic data obtained here present new and important information which enables the characterization of Plectranthus barbatus. PMID:26312133

  13. [Doctors Nicasio Etchepareborda and Andres F. Llobet: casuistry shared in maxillo facial surgery].

    PubMed

    Zarranz, A

    1999-01-01

    There is a reference to the professional collaboration performed by Drs. Etchepareborda and Llobet. Physician dentist, first professor at the School of Dentistry of Buenos Aires, the first one; and medical surgeon who stood out among the precursors in using asepsis in this country, the other one. Among the years 1886 and 1896 they treated together patients who had to undergo jaw-facial surgery. They anticipated in almost three decades this way of collaboration that has spread since World War I.

  14. Phytotherapy of experimental depression: Kalanchoe integra Var. Crenata (Andr.) Cuf Leaf Extract

    PubMed Central

    Kukuia, Kennedy K. E.; Asiedu-Gyekye, Isaac J.; Woode, Eric; Biney, Robert P.; Addae, Emmanuel

    2015-01-01

    Context: Kalanchoe sp. have been used since 1921 for central nervous system (CNS) disorders such as psychosis and depression. It is known to possess CNS depressant effects. Aims: To investigate the antidepressant properties of the aqueous leaf extract of Kalanchoe integra. Settings and Design: The study was carried out at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology between 6 a.m. and 3 p.m. Materials and Methods: ICR mice were subjected to the forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST) after they had received extract (30-300 mg/kg), fluoxetine (3-30 mg/kg), desipramine (3-30 mg/kg) orally, or water (as vehicle). In a separate experiment, mice were pre-treated with reserpine (1 mg/kg), α-methyl paratyrosine (AMPT; 400 mg/kg), both reserpine (1 mg/kg) and AMPT (200 mg/kg) concomitantly, or p-chlorophenylalanine (pCPA; 200 mg/kg) to ascertain the role of the noradrenergic and serotoninergic systems in the mode of action of the extract. Statistical analysis used: Means were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Newman-Keuls’ post hoc test. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: In both FST and TST, the extract induced a decline in immobility, indicative of antidepressant-like effect. This diminution in immobility was reversed by pCPA, but not by reserpine and/or AMPT. The extract increased the swimming and climbing scores in the FST, suggestive of possible interaction with serotoninergic and noradrenergic systems. In the TST, the extract produced increases in both curling and swinging scores, suggestive of opioidergic monoaminergic activity, respectively. Conclusions: The present study has demonstrated the antidepressant potential of the aqueous leaf extract of K. integra is mediated possibly by a complex interplay between serotoninergic, opioidergic, and noradrenergic systems. PMID:25709333

  15. RECOGNITION OF INTERSTITIAL ANHYDRITE DISSOLUTION: A CAUSE OF SECONDARY POROSITY, SAN ANDRES LIMESTONE, NEW MEXICO, AND UPPER MINNELUSA FORMATION, WYOMING.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Richardson, Randall W.

    1985-01-01

    Direct evidence for subsurface dissolution of interstitial anhydrite in both dolomite grainstones and quartz sandstones includes: cleavage-related dissolution fringe on anhydrite crystal surfaces, and isolated remnants of optically continuous (formerly poikilotopic) anhydrite. Experimentally etched anhydrite surfaces exhibit features that directly compare to the dissolution fringe, whereas experimentally grown anhydrite does not. A deduced sequence of anhydrite dissolution within dolomite grainstones and quartz sandstones is presented. Refs.

  16. An Integrated Study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas, Class II

    SciTech Connect

    Trentham, Robert C.; Weinbrandt, Richard; Robinson, William C.; Widner, Kevin

    2001-05-03

    The objectives of the project were to: (1) Thoroughly understand the 60-year history of the field. (2) Develop a reservoir description using geology and 3D seismic. (3) Isolate the upper Grayburg in wells producing from multiple intervals to stop cross flow. (4) Re-align and optimize the upper Grayburg waterflood. (5) Determine well condition, identify re-frac candidates, evaluate the effectiveness of well work and obtain bottom hole pressure data for simulation utilizing pressure transient testing field wide. (6) Quantitatively integrate all the data to guide the field operations, including identification of new well locations utilizing reservoir simulation.

  17. Spreading of correlations and Loschmidt echo after quantum quenches of a Bose gas in the Aubry-André potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lo Gullo, Nicola; Dell'Anna, Luca

    2015-12-01

    We study the spreading of density-density correlations and the Loschmidt echo, after different sudden quenches in an interacting one-dimensional Bose gas on a lattice, also in the presence of a superimposed aperiodic potential. We use a time dependent Bogoliubov approach to calculate the evolution of the correlation functions and employ the linked cluster expansion to derive the Loschmidt echo.

  18. PT restoration via increased loss and gain in the PT-symmetric Aubry-André model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liang, Charles H.; Scott, Derek D.; Joglekar, Yogesh N.

    2014-03-01

    In systems with "balanced loss and gain," the PT symmetry is broken by increasing the non-Hermiticity or the loss-gain strength. We show that finite lattices with oscillatory, PT-symmetric potentials exhibit unexpected PT-symmetry breaking and restoration. We obtain the PT phase diagram as a function of potential periodicity, which also controls the location complex eigenvalues in the lattice spectrum. We show that the sum of PT potentials with nearby periodicities leads to PT-symmetry restoration, where the system goes from a PT-broken state to a PT-symmetric state as the average loss-gain strength is increased. We discuss the implications of this transition for the propagation of a light in an array of coupled waveguides.

  19. Two new species of the genus Aporcelinus Andrássy, 2009 (Nematoda, Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae) from Vietnam.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Thi Anh Duong; Abolafia, Joaquín; Bonkowski, Michael; Peña-Santiago, Reyes

    2016-04-18

    Two new species of Aporcelinus from Vietnamese natural habitats are studied, described and illustrated, including line drawings and light microscope (LM) pictures. Aporcelinus paramamillatus sp. n. is characterized by its 1.71-2.14 mm long body, lip region 21-22 μm broad, odontostyle 22-24 μm long at its ventral side, neck 451-503 μm long, uterus tripartite and 71-94 µm long, V = 53-54, tail conical with finely rounded tip, ending in a short peg-like terminus, occasionally slightly re-curved dorsad (24-34 μm, c = 50-77, c' = 0.6-0.9) and unknown male. Aporcelinus paraseychellensis sp. n. is distinguished by its 1.20-1.46 mm long body, lip region 16-18 μm broad, odontostyle 20 μm long at its ventral side, neck 354-368 μm long, uterus tripartite and 176-241 µm long, V = 52-54, tail conical with acute tip and hardly re-curved dorsad, spicules 62 μm long, and 12 regularly spaced ventromedian supplements lacking hiatus.

  20. Selection of Reference Genes for Quantitative Real-Time PCR during Flower Development in Tree Peony (Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.)

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jian; Han, Jigang; Hu, Yonghong; Yang, Ji

    2016-01-01

    Tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa) is a perennial plant indigenous to China known for its elegant and vibrantly colorful flowers. A few genes involved in petal pigmentation have been cloned in tree peony. However, to date, there have been few studies on the comparison and selection of stable reference genes for gene expression analysis by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) in this species. In this study, 10 candidate reference genes were evaluated for the normalization of qRT-PCR in three tree peony cultivars. GAPDH and UBC were identified as the top two most stable reference genes in ‘Feng Dan’ and ‘Xi Shi,’ and EF-1α/UBC was recommended to be the best combination for ‘Que Hao.’ The expression stability of various reference genes differed across cultivars, suggesting that selection and validation of reliable reference genes for quantitative gene expression analysis was necessary not only for different species but also for different cultivars. The results provided a list of reference genes for further study on gene expression in P. suffruticosa. However, in any case, a preliminary check on the accuracy of the best performing reference genes is requested for each qRT-PCR experiment. PMID:27148337

  1. Agency in the Reconstruction of Language Identity: A Narrative Case Study from the Island of San Andrés

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arias, Carlos Augusto

    2014-01-01

    The adoption of the English language paradigm and the subsequent implementation of bilingual policies worldwide are generating new linguistic hierarchies. These have an effect on the linguistic diversity at the sub-national level and on individuals' linguistic human rights. This article reports the results of a case study on an individual's…

  2. An effective negative pressure cavitation-microwave assisted extraction for determination of phenolic compounds in P. calliantha H. Andr.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dong-Yang; Yao, Xiao-Hui; Duan, Ming-Hui; Luo, Meng; Wang, Wei; Fu, Yu-Jie; Zu, Yuan-Gang; Efferth, Thomas

    2013-08-21

    A novel negative pressure and microwave assisted extraction technique (NMAE) was first proposed and applied for extraction of phenolic compounds from pyrola. [C₄MIM]BF₄ aqueous solution was selected as extraction solvent. Optimal extraction conditions were microwave power 700 W, negative pressure -0.07 MPa, temperature 40 °C, liquid-solid ratio 20 : 1, ionic liquid (IL) concentration 0.5 M, extraction time 15 min. The predominance of NMAE was investigated by comparing with microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and negative pressure cavitation extraction (NPCE) using a first-order kinetics equation. The C∞ values of the target compounds by NMAE were from 0.406 to 5.977 mg g⁻¹ higher than these by MAE and NPCE, which indicated that NMAE had higher extraction yields. The K values of NMAE were also the highest; it was testified that the target compounds could be transferred from matrix into solvent much more effectively by NMAE than by MAE and NPCE. In addition, the NMAE method was validated in terms of repeatability and reproducibility, the relative standard deviation for relative recovery was lower than 5.43 and 8.78%, respectively. Therefore, NMAE was a developed extraction technique for analytical sample preparation. The RP-HPLC-UV method was also successfully applied for the quantification of six target compounds in pyrola.

  3. Andes Virus M Genome Segment is Not Sufficient to Confer the Virulence Associated With Andres Virus in Syrian Hamsters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    isolation of viruses from cell cultures infected with both parental viruses yielded only one type of stable reassortant virus : large (L) and small (S... virus was obtained from co-infections of AND various viruses . The restriction patterns are shown for the parental genotypes (ANResults and discussion...Therefore, the recovery of M segment reassortant viruses , but not S or L segment reassortant viruses , suggestsVand SNV, an SAS virus . RT-PCR followed by

  4. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres reservoir, Foster and South Cowden fields, Ector County, Texas, Class II

    SciTech Connect

    Trentham, DGS, Robert C.; Robinson, M.S., William C.; Wider, Kevin; Weinbrandt, Ph.D.,PE, Richard

    2000-04-14

    A project to recover economic amounts of oil from a very mature oil field is being conducted by Laguna Petroleum Corporation of Midland, Texas, with partial funding from a U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) grant to study shallow carbonate rock reservoirs. The objectives of the project are to use modern engineering methods to optimize oil field management and to use geological and geophysical data to recover untapped potential within the petroleum reservoirs. The integration of data and techniques from these disciplines has yielded results greater than those achievable without their cooperation. The cost of successfully accomplishing these goals is to be low enough for even small independent operators to afford. This article is a report describing accomplishments for the fiscal year 1998-1999.

  5. The Third Decade of Feminist Therapy and the Personal Is Still Political.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Lucia Albino; Rossman, Karen M.

    1993-01-01

    Responds to earlier article by Carolyn Zerbe Enns on feminist counseling and psychotherapy. Asserts that Enns presents concise summary and overview but offers little beyond her examination of "themes of change, agreement, and disagreement." Focuses comments on two topics addressed by Enns: the importance of context and interrelationships…

  6. La limite Crétacé-Tertiaire en domaine marin dans les Pyrénées centrales (zone sous-pyrénéenne, France)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peybernès, Bernard; Fondecave-Wallez, Marie-José; Eichène, Paule; Robin, Eric; Rocchia, Robert

    1998-05-01

    The discovery of Paleocene planktonic Foraminifera (subzones P1c to P3b) in the western sub-Pyrenean zone (Haute-Garonne) made it possible to locate an anomalously high abundance of iridium at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary underlining the interface between the 'calcaires à Bryozoaires/calcaires à Algues, of Larcan-Nizan', newly assigned to Danian-Selandian and the underlying 'marnes bleues de Saint-Loup', the top of them being Uppermost Maastrichtian in age (Hariaensis zone and grade-datation of 65.47 Ma). A short gap (subzones P0 to P1b, Lowermost Danian) probably marks, as in Béarn, the base of the Paleocene Larcan-Nizan Bryalgal limestones.

  7. Libro de la Melancholía by Andrés Velázquez (1585). Part 1. The intellectual origins of the book.

    PubMed

    Contreras Mas, Antonio

    2003-03-01

    Part 1 of this paper examines views on melancholy from the Hellenic era (especially Hippocrates), the Roman era (especially Galen), Arab physicians (Ishaq Ibn Imran, Rhazes and Avicenna) and the views of physicians from the Renaissance period. The medical orthodoxy followed Galenic theory as late as the sixteenth century, regarding melancholy as a disease of the body.

  8. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    SciTech Connect

    Raj Kumar; Keith Brown; T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

    2000-04-27

    The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

  9. An unusual psychiatric presentation of polycythaemia 'Difficulties lie in our habits of thought rather than in the nature of things' Andre Tardieu.

    PubMed

    Rai, Rahul; Pieters, Thirza

    2013-04-09

    Psychiatric symptoms are not always best explained in the context of psychological stress. The same mental, emotional and behavioural changes also arise from various medical conditions. For a clinician this dual origin of psychiatric symptoms creates an ongoing diagnostic challenge. Our patient is a 50-year-old gentleman who had been working in a company for around 33 years and always had good appraisals. He presented to mental health services with a 5-year history of persecutory beliefs, convinced that his employers were out to damage his reputation. Apart from a diagnosis of polycythaemia, a few months before the onset of abnormal beliefs, there is no personal or family history of psychiatric disorder or medical illness. His delusions did not respond to conventional treatment with psychotropic medication possibly due to non-adherence because of side effects. However, a series of venesections lead to an improvement in mental state.

  10. Isla del Coco, on Cocos Plate, Converges with Isla de San Andrés, on the Caribbean Plate, at 78 mm/yr

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Protti, M.; Gonzalez, V. M.; Freymueller, J. T.; Doelger, S.

    2013-05-01

    Isla del Coco is the only land mass of the Cocos Plate that emerges above sea level. This makes it the only place where Cocos Plate motion can be measured using Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) monitoring. Global Positioning System (GPS) observations have been carried out sporadically over more than two decades on Isla del Coco, allowing precise measurement of the motion of the Cocos Plate. Recently, in May 2011, a continuous GPS station was built and instrumented at Isla del Coco, in Wafer Bay, by OVSICORI UNA and UNAVCO, as part of the COCONet regional GNSS network. Position time series from this CGPS station (ISCO: Isla del Coco) show a steady motion of Isla del Coco at a speed of 90.9±1.5mm/yr in the N35oE direction in ITRF2008 and convergence with the Caribbean Plate at 78±1mm/yr. This result is consistent with the findings of the earliest GPS studies, and agrees within uncertainty with the estimated convergence rate of 76.4±2.6 mm/yr of the MORVEL plate motion model. MORVEL is based on an average over the last 780,000 years, and our result suggests that Cocos Caribbean plate motions have been constant over that time interval.

  11. A Third New Species of Aporcelinus Andrássy, 2009 (Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae) from Vietnam, with the First SEM Study of a Representative of the Genus

    PubMed Central

    Duong Nguyen, Thi Anh; Abolafia, Joaquín; Bonkowski, Michael; Peña–Santiago, Reyes

    2016-01-01

    A new species, the third one from Vietnam, of the genus Aporcelinus is described from natural areas. Aporcelinus falcicaudatus sp. n. is characterized by its 1.28 to 1.63 mm long body, lip region offset by weak constriction and 16 to 18 µm broad, odontostyle 18 to 21 µm at its ventral side, neck 354 to 406 µm long, uterus tripartite and 61 to 95 µm long, V = 50 to 55, tail strongly recurved dorsad and conical (23–31 µm, c = 43–58, c′ = 0.7–0.9) with finely rounded tip, and male absent. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) study, the first of a representative of the genus, shows a lip region pattern significantly different from that observed in the typical aporcelaimid taxa. PMID:27418703

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Combined ArTeMiS+SPIRE 350um image of NGC6334 (Andre+, 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andre, P.; Reveret, V.; Konyves, V.; Arzoumanian, D.; Tige, J.; Gallais, P.; Roussel, H.; Le Pennec, J.; Rodriguez, L.; Doumayrou, E.; Dubreuil, D.; Lortholary, M.; Martignac, J.; Talvard, M.; Delisle, C.; Visticot, F.; Dumaye, L.; De Breuck, C.; Shimajiri, Y.; Motte, F.; Bontemps, S.; Hennemann, M.; Zavagno, A.; Russeil, D.; Schneider, N.; Palmeirim, P.; Peretto, N.; Hill, T.; Minier, V.; Roy, A.; Rygl, K. L. J.

    2016-05-01

    High dynamic range dust continuum map of the NGC 6334 star-forming complex at 350 microns obtained by combining high-resolution ground-based observations taken with the ArTeMiS camera on the APEX telescope and Herschel Space Observatory data from the HOBYS key project (Motte et al., 2010A&A...518L..77M; Russeil et al. 2013A&A...554A..42R). The effective angular resolution is ~ 8" (HPBW). (2 data files).

  13. Gibberellin-induced inhibition and promotion of sprouting in aerial tubers of Begonia evansiana Andr. in relation to photoperiodic treatment and tuber stage.

    PubMed

    Okagami, N; Esashi, Y; Nagao, M

    1977-01-01

    Gibberellic-acid (GA3) treatment, when applied within a period ranging from the start of short-day (SD) treatment until about 10 SD, GA3 strongly inhibited formation of aerial tubers in response to SD and brought about sprouting of developing aerial tubers. In contrast, when applied after about 10 SD or more, GA3 hastened the completion of the dormant state in the tubers and prolonged their dormancy. The dormancy-promoting effect of GA3 on detached tubers increased with their degree of maturation. Application of growth retardants N-dimethylaminosuccinamic acid (B-9), 2-isopropyl-4-dimethylamino-5-methylphenyl-1-piperidine carboxylate methyl chloride (AMO-1618) and 2-chloroethyltrimethylammonium chloride (CCC) to the cuttings delayed the onset of dormancy in the aerial tuber. When the retardants were applied to detached aerial tubers, however, such a delay of dormancy was not observed, and GA3 application did not inhibit sprouting in aerial tubers detached from CCC-treated cuttings.

  14. Le rôle d'André Danjon dans la création des grands observatoires d'astrophysique.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fehrenbach, C.

    The origin of the Haute-Provence Observatory and the history of its creation has been given in the book "Des hommes, des télescopes, des étoiles" (Ch. Fehrenbach, Presses du CNRS Editeur), published at the same time as the Danjon colloquium was held at the Paris Observatory on the occasion of the centenary of his birth. This paper reviews Danjon's role in the creation of the Haute-Provence and ESO observatories.

  15. Modeling dolomitized carbonate-ramp reservoirs: A case study of the Seminole San Andres unit. Part 2 -- Seismic modeling, reservoir geostatistics, and reservoir simulation

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, F.P.; Dai, J.; Kerans, C.

    1998-11-01

    In part 1 of this paper, the authors discussed the rock-fabric/petrophysical classes for dolomitized carbonate-ramp rocks, the effects of rock fabric and pore type on petrophysical properties, petrophysical models for analyzing wireline logs, the critical scales for defining geologic framework, and 3-D geologic modeling. Part 2 focuses on geophysical and engineering characterizations, including seismic modeling, reservoir geostatistics, stochastic modeling, and reservoir simulation. Synthetic seismograms of 30 to 200 Hz were generated to study the level of seismic resolution required to capture the high-frequency geologic features in dolomitized carbonate-ramp reservoirs. Outcrop data were collected to investigate effects of sampling interval and scale-up of block size on geostatistical parameters. Semivariogram analysis of outcrop data showed that the sill of log permeability decreases and the correlation length increases with an increase of horizontal block size. Permeability models were generated using conventional linear interpolation, stochastic realizations without stratigraphic constraints, and stochastic realizations with stratigraphic constraints. Simulations of a fine-scale Lawyer Canyon outcrop model were used to study the factors affecting waterflooding performance. Simulation results show that waterflooding performance depends strongly on the geometry and stacking pattern of the rock-fabric units and on the location of production and injection wells.

  16. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres reservoir, Foster and South Cowden fields, Ector County, Texas. Quarterly report, April 1--June 31, 1996. Revision

    SciTech Connect

    Trentham, R.C.; Weinbrandt, R.; Robertson, W.

    1996-10-17

    The principal objective of this research is to demonstrate in the field that 3D seismic data can be used to aid in identifying porosity zones, permeability barriers and thief zones and thereby improve waterflood design. Geologic and engineering data will be integrated with the geophysical data to result in a detailed reservoir characterization. Reservoir simulation will then be used to determine infill drilling potential and the optimum waterflood design for the project area. This design will be implemented and the success of the waterflood evaluated.

  17. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden fields, Ector County, Texas. Quarterly report, April 1--June 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect

    Trentham, R.C.; Weinbrandt, R.; Robertson, W.

    1996-10-17

    The principal objective of this research is to demonstrate in the field that 3D seismic data can be used to aid in identifying porosity zones, permeability barriers and thief zones and thereby improve waterflood design. Geologic and engineering data will be integrated with the geophysical data to result in a detailed reservoir characterization. Reservoir simulation will then be used to determine infill drilling potential and the optimum waterflood design for the project area. This design will be implemented and the success of the waterflood evaluated.

  18. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    SciTech Connect

    T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

    2002-01-09

    The OXY-operated Class 2 Project at West Welch is designed to demonstrate how the use of advanced technology can improve the economics of miscible CO{sub 2} injection projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate reservoirs. The research and design phase (Budget Period 1) primarily involved advanced reservoir characterization. The current demonstration phase (Budget Period 2) is the implementation of the reservoir management plan for an optimum miscible CO{sub 2} flood design based on the reservoir characterization. Although Budget Period 1 for the Project officially ended 12/31/96, reservoir characterization and simulation work continued during the Budget Period 2. During the fifth and sixth annual reporting periods (8/3/98-8/2/00) covered by this report, work continued on interpretation of the cross well seismic data to create porosity and permeability profiles which were distributed into the reservoir geostatistically. The initial interwell seismic CO{sub 2} monitor survey was conducted, the acquired data processed and interpretation started. Only limited well work and facility construction was conducted in the project area. The CO{sub 2} injection initiated in October 1997 was continued, although the operator had to modify the operating plan in response to low injection rates, well performance and changes in CO{sub 2} supply. CO{sub 2} injection was focused in a smaller area to increase the reservoir processing rate. By the end of the reporting period three producers had shown sustained oil rate increases and ten wells had experienced gas (CO{sub 2}) breakthrough.

  19. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    SciTech Connect

    T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

    2001-12-11

    The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

  20. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    SciTech Connect

    T. Scott Hickman

    2003-01-17

    The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

  1. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    SciTech Connect

    T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

    2001-08-10

    The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

  2. Application of Reservoir Characterization and Advanced Technology to Improve Recovery and Economics in a Lower Quality Shallow Shelf San Andres Reservoir.

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, A.R.; Hickman, T.S.; Justice, J.J.

    1997-07-30

    The Oxy West Welch Project is designed to demonstrate how the use of advanced technology can improve the economics of miscible CO{sub 2} injection projects in lower quality shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs. The research and development phase (Budget Period 1) primarily involved advance and reservoir characterization. The current demonstration phase (Budget Period 2) will implement the reservoir management plan for an optimum miscible CO{sub 2} flood design based on the reservoir characterization. Although Budget Period I officially ended 12/31/96, reservoir characterization and optimum flood design has continued into the first part of Budget Period 2. Specifically, the geologic model was enhanced by integration of the 3-D seismic interpretations. This resulted in improved history match by the simulator and more accurate predictions of flood performance on which to base the project design. The majority of the project design work has been completed, material specifications provided and bids solicited. Preparation of the demonstration area is well underway.

  3. An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas. Quarterly progress report, April 1995--June 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Reeves, J.J.; Rowland, D.A.; Trentham, R.C.

    1995-10-01

    The principal objective of this research is to demonstrate in the field that 3D seismic data can be used to aid in identifying porosity zones, permeability barriers and thief zones and thereby improve waterflood design. Geologic and engineering data will be integrated with the geophysical data to result in a detailed reservoir characterization. Reservoir simulation will then be used to determine infill drilling potential and the optimum waterflood design for the project area. This design will be implemented and the success of the waterflood evaluated.

  4. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    SciTech Connect

    T. Scott Hickman; James J. Justice

    2001-06-16

    The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: (1) Advanced petrophysics; (2) Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic; (3) Crosswell bore tomography; (4) Advanced reservoir simulation; (5) Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stimulation treatments; (6) Hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and (7) Mobility control agents.

  5. APPLICATION OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS IN A LOWER QUALITY SHALLOW SHELF SAN ANDRES RESERVOIR

    SciTech Connect

    Tom Beebe

    2003-05-05

    The OXY-operated Class 2 Project at West Welch is designed to demonstrate how the use of advanced technology can improve the economics of miscible CO{sub 2} injection projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate reservoirs. The research and design phase (Budget Period 1) primarily involved advanced reservoir characterization. The current demonstration phase (Budget Period 2) is the implementation of the reservoir management plan for an optimum miscible CO{sub 2} flood design based on the reservoir characterization. Although Budget Period 1 for the Project officially ended 12/31/96, reservoir characterization and simulation work continued during the Budget Period 2. During the seventh annual reporting period (8/3/00-8/2/01) covered by this report, work continued on interpretation of the interwell seismic data to create porosity and permeability profiles which were distributed into the reservoir geostatistically. The initial interwell seismic CO{sub 2} monitor survey was conducted and the acquired data processed and interpretation started. Only limited well work and facility construction were conducted in the project area. The CO{sub 2} injection initiated in October 1997 was continued, although the operator had to modify the operating plan in response to low injection rates, well performance and changes in CO{sub 2} supply. CO{sub 2} injection was focused in a smaller area to increase the reservoir processing rate. By the end of the reporting period three producers had shown sustained oil rate increases and six wells had experienced gas (CO{sub 2}) breakthrough.

  6. Feminist Therapy: Not for or by White Women Only.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Espin, Olivia M.

    1993-01-01

    Responds to earlier article by Carolyn Zerbe Enns on feminist counseling and psychotherapy, noting that Enns could have elaborated on what the challenge of multiculturalism meant for the future of feminist therapy and counseling. Asserts that tendency to overgeneralize from data and information gathered from experience of white women continues for…

  7. The Clerical Establishment in Iran

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-01

    Political Action and Legitimate Domi- nation in Shi’ite Iran: Fourteenth to Eighteenth Centuries, A.D.," Archives Europ~ennes de Sociologie , Vol. 20, No...139 Archives Europ6ennes de Sociologie Bours, (moderate centrist) weekly in Persian, Tehran Conflict Studies, quarterly in English, London Enghelab

  8. Black Americans Still Undertreated for HIV

    MedlinePlus

    ... status and are receiving treatment," said lead researcher Andre Dailey. He's an epidemiologist in the CDC's division ... the CDC's division of HIV/AIDS prevention. SOURCES: Andre Dailey, M.S.P.H., epidemiologist, division of HIV/ ...

  9. 77 FR 16022 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-19

    ..., 735 17th Street NW., Washington, DC 20503; and to Andre de Fontaine, EE-2F/Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue SW., 20585 or by fax at (202) 586- 5234 or by email at andre.defontaine@EE.doe.gov . FOR... instrument and instructions should be directed to Andre de Fontaine, EE-2F/Forrestal Building,...

  10. 77 FR 2712 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-19

    ... sent to Andre de Fontaine, EE-2F/ Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue SW., 20585 or by fax at (202) 586-5234 or by email at andre.defontaine@EE.doe.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests... be directed to Andre de Fontaine, EE-2F/Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue SW., 20585 or...

  11. Enniatin B-induced cell death and inflammatory responses in RAW 267.4 murine macrophages

    SciTech Connect

    Gammelsrud, A.; Solhaug, A.; Dendelé, B.; Sandberg, W.J.; Ivanova, L.; Kocbach Bølling, A.; Lagadic-Gossmann, D.; Refsnes, M.; Becher, R.; Eriksen, G.; Holme, J.A.

    2012-05-15

    The mycotoxin enniatin B (EnnB) is predominantly produced by species of the Fusarium genera, and often found in grain. The cytotoxic effect of EnnB has been suggested to be related to its ability to form ionophores in cell membranes. The present study examines the effects of EnnB on cell death, differentiation, proliferation and pro-inflammatory responses in the murine monocyte–macrophage cell line RAW 264.7. Exposure to EnnB for 24 h caused an accumulation of cells in the G0/G1-phase with a corresponding decrease in cyclin D1. This cell cycle-arrest was possibly also linked to the reduced cellular ability to capture and internalize receptors as illustrated by the lipid marker ganglioside GM1. EnnB also increased the number of apoptotic, early apoptotic and necrotic cells, as well as cells with elongated spindle-like morphology. The Neutral Red assay indicated that EnnB induced lysosomal damage; supported by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showing accumulation of lipids inside the lysosomes forming lamellar structures/myelin bodies. Enhanced levels of activated caspase-1 were observed after EnnB exposure and the caspase-1 specific inhibitor ZYVAD-FMK reduced EnnB-induced apoptosis. Moreover, EnnB increased the release of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) in cells primed with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and this response was reduced by both ZYVAD-FMK and the cathepsin B inhibitor CA-074Me. In conclusion, EnnB was found to induce cell cycle arrest, cell death and inflammation. Caspase-1 appeared to be involved in the apoptosis and release of IL-1β and possibly activation of the inflammasome through lysosomal damage and leakage of cathepsin B. -- Highlights: ► The mycotoxin EnnB induced cell cycle arrest, cell death and inflammation. ► The G0/G1-arrest was linked to a reduced ability to internalize receptors. ► EnnB caused lysosomal damage, leakage of cathepsin B and caspase-1 cleavage. ► Caspase-1 was partly involved in both apoptosis and release of IL-1

  12. La marge européenne de la Téthys jurassique en Corse : datation de trondhjémites de Balagne et indices de croûte continentale sous le domaine Balano-LigureThe European margin of the Jurassic Tethys in Corsica: dating of Balagne trondhjemites and evidence to support a continental crust beneath the Balagne-Ligurian domain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossi, Philippe; Cocherie, Alain; Lahondère, Didier; Fanning, C. Mark

    Vein trondhjemite in gabbro of the Carnispola Bridge has been dated to 169±3 Ma (UPb on zircon). This date indicates that E-MORB-type ophiolites were emplaced in the marginal Balagne part of the Ligurian Jurassic basin about some 10 Ma before the emplacement of N-MORB ophiolites in the most central part of the ocean. In addition, the presence of inherited zircons with Ordovician (431±8 Ma) and Archean (2693±12 Ma) ages reveals that the Balagne ophiolites were emplaced on a thinned continental crust. Finally, the 298±4 Ma age of zircons from eclogitised meta-arkose in the eclogitic Morteda-Farinole unit ('Schistes lustrés' zone) confirms the attribution of these rocks to a palaeogeographic area that laid between continent and ocean, along the edge of the Hercynian granite batholith in Corsica. To cite this article: P. Rossi et al., C. R. Geoscience 334 (2002) 313-322.

  13. Les politiques éducatives dans l'Union européenne - d'une approche intergouvernementaliste vers une démarche d'intégration ? Enquête auprès de fonctionnaires européens

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruşitoru, Mihaela-Viorica

    2015-10-01

    Educational policies in the European Union: from intergovernmentalism to integration? A survey conducted among European officials - Officially, education remains a national competence of the Member States of the European Union. However, in the context of Europeanisation, policy changes are taking place in education. In this article, the author argues that, at the dawn of the third millennium, educational policies in the European Union are shifting from intergovernmentalism to integration. The European Qualifications Framework, the key competencies for lifelong education and training, and the benchmark criteria set out in two European strategies - Lisbon and Europe 2020 - attest to a real change in the field of educational policies. The author conducted interviews with officials from various European institutions, including the Commission, the Parliament and the Council, in order to compare their testimonies to the official discourse on education policies. The qualitative analysis of the interviews reveals that the principles of subsidiarity and neutrality have been called into question since the introduction of the open method of coordination. In contradiction with the legal framework and the official discourse, it would appear that, due to the growing influence of the European Union in education policy, the objective of reaching a common education policy in the Member States could become a reality in the coming decades.

  14. Field project to obtain pressure core, wireline log, and production test data for evaluation of CO/sub 2/ flooding potential. Texas Pacific Bennett Ranch Unit well No. 310, Wasson (San Andres) Field, Yoakum County, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Swift, T.E.; Goodrich, J.H.; Kumar, R.M.; McCoy, R.L.; Wilhelm, M.H.; Glascock, M.R.

    1982-01-01

    The coring, logging and testing of Bennett Ranch Unit well No. 310 was a cooperative effort between Texas Pacific, owner of the well, and Gruy Federal, Inc. The requirements of the contract, which are summarized in Enclosure 1, Appendix A, include drilling and coring activities. The pressure-coring and associated logging and testing programs in selected wells are intended to provide data on in-situ oil saturation, porosity and permeability distribution, and other data needed for resource characterization of fields and reservoirs in which CO/sub 2/ injection might have a high probability of success. This report presents detailed information on the first such project. This project demonstrates the usefulness of integrating pressure core, log and production data to realistically evaluate a reservoir for carbon dioxide flood. The engineering of tests and analysis of such experimental data requires original thinking, but the reliability of the results is higher than data derived from conventional tests.

  15. Systèmes de référence spatio-temporels. Colloque André Danjon "L'astronomie, la recherche et le temps présent".

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capitaine, N.; Débarbat, S.

    Contents: 1. Séance commémorative. 2. Méchanique céleste, informatique et relativité. 3. L'astrolabe de Danjon et ses développements. 4. Echelles de temps et astrométrie. 5. Techniques performantes en astrométrie moderne. 6. Des techniques spatiales aux systèmes de reference. 7. Radioastronomie et astronomie.

  16. Rapid Adult Nursing le May Andrée Rapid Adult Nursing 136pp £20.99 Wiley Blackwell 9781119117117 B01MA3PLIP [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2017-03-01

    This text has a clear focus on the clinical practice of nursing. The knowledge and skills included are well linked to an acute environment and can be applied in many other areas. Part one explores the fundamentals of nursing care that underpins our profession.

  17. Application of reservoir characterization and advanced technology to improve recovery and economics in a lower quality shallow shelf San Andres reservoir. Quarterly progress report, April 1--June 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, A.R.; Hickman, T.S.; Justice, J.J.

    1997-07-30

    The Class 2 Project at West Welch was designed to demonstrate the use of advanced technologies to enhance the economics of improved oil recovery (IOR) projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate (SSC) reservoirs, resulting in recovery of additional oil that would otherwise be left in the reservoir at project abandonment. Accurate reservoir description is critical to the effective evaluation and efficient design of IOR projects in the heterogeneous SSC reservoirs. Therefore, the majority of Budget Period 1 was devoted to reservoir characterization. Technologies being demonstrated include: advanced petrophysics; three-dimensional seismic; cross-well bore tomography; advanced reservoir simulation; CO{sub 2} stimulation treatments; hydraulic fracturing design and monitoring; and mobility control agents. During the quarter, cross well seismic work continued, using the revised processing software. The validity of the seismic-guided mapping was confirmed by the drilling of a well. Revised CO{sub 2} performance projects were run using the enhanced geologic model in which the seismic data had been incorporated. Facilities for supplying and distributing CO{sub 2} to the area were designed and bids solicited for the materials and construction.

  18. Application of reservoir characterization and advanced technology to improve recovery and economics in a lower quality shallow shelf San Andres Reservoir. Annual report, August 4, 1996--August 3, 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, A.R.; Hickman, T.S.; Justice, J.J.

    1997-07-30

    The Oxy West Welch Project is designed to demonstrate how the use of advanced technology can improve the economics of miscible CO{sub 2} injection projects in lower quality shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs. The research and development phase (Budget Period 1) primarily involved advanced reservoir characterization. The current demonstration phase (Budget Period 2) will implement the reservoir management plan for an optimum miscible CO{sub 2} flood design based on the reservoir characterization. Although Budget Period 1 officially ended 12/31/96, reservoir characterization and optimum flood design has continued into the first part of Budget Period 2. Specifically, the geologic model was enhanced by integration of the 3-D seismic interpretations. This resulted in improved history match by the simulator and more accurate predictions of flood performance on which to base the project design. The majority of the project design work has been completed, material specifications provided and bids solicited. Preparation of the demonstration area is well underway.

  19. Immune Centroids Oversampling Method for Binary Classification

    PubMed Central

    Ai, Xusheng; Wu, Jian; Cui, Zhiming

    2015-01-01

    To improve the classification performance of imbalanced learning, a novel oversampling method, immune centroids oversampling technique (ICOTE) based on an immune network, is proposed. ICOTE generates a set of immune centroids to broaden the decision regions of the minority class space. The representative immune centroids are regarded as synthetic examples in order to resolve the imbalance problem. We utilize an artificial immune network to generate synthetic examples on clusters with high data densities, which can address the problem of synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE), which lacks reflection on groups of training examples. Meanwhile, we further improve the performance of ICOTE via integrating ENN with ICOTE, that is, ICOTE + ENN. ENN disposes the majority class examples that invade the minority class space, so ICOTE + ENN favors the separation of both classes. Our comprehensive experimental results show that two proposed oversampling methods can achieve better performance than the renowned resampling methods. PMID:25834570

  20. Enniatin and Beauvericin Biosynthesis in Fusarium Species: Production Profiles and Structural Determinant Prediction

    PubMed Central

    Liuzzi, Vania C.; Mirabelli, Valentina; Cimmarusti, Maria Teresa; Haidukowski, Miriam; Leslie, John F.; Logrieco, Antonio F.; Caliandro, Rocco; Fanelli, Francesca; Mulè, Giuseppina

    2017-01-01

    Members of the fungal genus Fusarium can produce numerous secondary metabolites, including the nonribosomal mycotoxins beauvericin (BEA) and enniatins (ENNs). Both mycotoxins are synthesized by the multifunctional enzyme enniatin synthetase (ESYN1) that contains both peptide synthetase and S-adenosyl-l-methionine-dependent N-methyltransferase activities. Several Fusarium species can produce ENNs, BEA or both, but the mechanism(s) enabling these differential metabolic profiles is unknown. In this study, we analyzed the primary structure of ESYN1 by sequencing esyn1 transcripts from different Fusarium species. We measured ENNs and BEA production by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array and Acquity QDa mass detector (UPLC-PDA-QDa) analyses. We predicted protein structures, compared the predictions by multivariate analysis methods and found a striking correlation between BEA/ENN-producing profiles and ESYN1 three-dimensional structures. Structural differences in the β strand’s Asn789-Ala793 and His797-Asp802 portions of the amino acid adenylation domain can be used to distinguish BEA/ENN-producing Fusarium isolates from those that produce only ENN. PMID:28125067

  1. MSR 2.0: Language Definition and Programming Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    15, pages 175–190, Cape Breton , NS, Canada, 2002. IEEE Computer Society Press. [3] Frederic Butler, Iliano Cervesato, Aaron D. Jaggard, and Andre ...Bibliography [1] Michael Backes, Iliano Cervesato, Aaron D. Jaggard, Andre Scedrov, and Joe-Kai Tsay. Cryptographi- cally Sound Security Proofs for...Jaggard, and Andre Scedrov. A Formal Analysis of Some Properties of Kerberos 5 Using MSR. In Fifteenth Computer Security Foundations Workshop — CSFW

  2. Infrared-Laser Excitation of the Internal Vibrational Mode of a Diatomic Molecule Adsorbed on a Metal Surface.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-11-01

    Excitation of the Internal Vibrational Mode of a Diatomic Molecule Adsorbed on a Metal Surface m by ’ Andre Peremans, Jacques Darville , Jean-Marie...Andre Peremans, Jacques Darville , Jean-Marie Gilles and Thomas F. George 13. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED 14. DATE OF REPORT (Yr. Mo.. Dayl As...ON A METAL SURFACE h Andr& Peremans , Jacques Darville and Jean-Marie Gilles _ _ _ _ Laboratoire de Spectroscopie Mol6culaire de Surface Accesnion

  3. Expedition 30 Departs for Launch Site

    NASA Video Gallery

    Three Expedition 30 flight engineers -- NASA astronaut Don Pettit, Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko and European Space Agency astronaut Andre Kuipers -- departed Star City, Russia on Thursday for t...

  4. 77 FR 50545 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-21

    ...) Carl T. Froehlich, Associate CIO, End User and Equipment Services (IT) Julieta Garcia, Director... (RAS) C. Andre Martin, Director, Investigative and Enforcement Services (CI) Rajive K. Mathur,...

  5. 78 FR 51275 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-20

    ..., Office of the Commissioner Carl T. Froehlich, Associate CIO, Strategy and Planning (IT) Julieta Garcia... (RAS) C. Andre Martin, Executive Director, Investigative and Enforcement Services (CI) Rajive K....

  6. Occurrence of enniatins and beauvericin in 60 Chinese medicinal herbs.

    PubMed

    Hu, Ling; Rychlik, Michael

    2014-01-01

    A total of 60 Chinese medicinal herbs were examined for contamination of the emerging Fusarium mycotoxins enniatins (ENNs) A, A1, B, B1 and beauvericin (BEA). The herbs under study are commonly used in China as both medicines and food. The dried samples of herbs were randomly collected from traditional Chinese medicine stores in Zhejiang province, China. Sample preparation was achieved by methanol extraction, followed by a simple membrane filtration step; no tedious clean-ups were involved. ENNs A, A1, B, B1 and BEA were analysed by the recently developed stable isotope dilution assays, using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). With limits of detection ranging between 0.8 and 1.2 µg kg(-1) for the analytes under study, 25% of all analysed samples were contaminated with at least one of the ENNs and BEA. BEA was the most frequently detected toxin with a 20% incidence in all samples. The percentages of ENN-positive samples were lower: each single ENN was detected in 6.7-11.7% of all samples. Considering the total amounts of the five mycotoxins in single samples, values between 2.5 and 751 µg kg(-1) were found. The mean total amount in positive samples was 126 µg kg(-1). Regarding ginger, the frequent occurrence of ENNs and BEA in dried ginger could be confirmed in samples from Germany. However, in fresh ginger root the toxins were not detectable. This is the first report on the presence of ENNs and BEA in Chinese medicinal herbs.

  7. Datation U_Pb sur zircons des dolérites tholéiitiques pyrénéennes (ophites) à la limite Trias Jurassique et relations avec les tufs volcaniques dits « infra-liasiques » nord-pyrénéensU_Pb zircon SHRIMP dating of Pyrenean tholeiitic dolerites (ophites): evidence for an age encompassing the Trias Jurassic limit and relationships with earliest North Pyrenean 'Infraliassic' tuffs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossi, Philippe; Cocherie, Alain; Fanning, C. Mark; Ternet, Yves

    2003-12-01

    The tholeiitic doleritic magmatism (ophites) in the Aspe valley of the Pyrenees has been dated on the Triassic-Jurassic boundary (199±2 Ma) by the UPb method on zircon (SHRIMP). Emplacement of the ophites was probably synchronous with that of the earliest 'Infraliassic' Ségalas tuffs. The ophites are thus related to the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) whose emplacement linked with the fracturing of Pangea, preceded the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. To cite this article: P. Rossi et al., C. R. Geoscience 335 (2003).

  8. Long Period Seismic Waves

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-08-01

    in 1976) ESTPirmiRA DE LOS ANDES CENTRALES A TRAVES DE REST DUOS Y ATENUACTON DE ONDAS P y S. Tesis de Grado , Universidad »«avor de San Andres...ES- PESOR DE LA CORTEZA TERPESTRE MEDTANTE DTSPERRTON DE ONDAS PAYLETQf. Tests de Grado , Universidad Mayor de San Andres, Rodrfquez, Ren^ and Vega

  9. Simplified Daylight Spectrum Approximation by Blending Two Light Emitting Diode Sources

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    Office Buildings. 2004. [2] J. Hernández-Andrés, J. Romero, J. L. Nieves and R. L. Lee Jr. Color and spectral analysis of daylight in southern...performance and sleepiness. Lighting Res. Technol. 2011 43: 349- 369. [6] Hernandez-Andres J, Romero J, Nieves JL, Lee Jr, R.L. Color and spectral

  10. Kuroshio Transport East of Taiwan and the Effect of Mesoscale Eddies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-30

    Mesoscale Eddies Magdalena Andres Wood Hole Oceanographic Institution 266 Woods Hole Road Woods Hole, MA 02543 phone: (508) 289-2660 fax: (508...situ measurements were collected with moorings deployed for 2 years. This work was carried out as a collaboration between M. Andres at the Woods Hole

  11. Optimal Orbit Maneuvers with Electrodynamic Tethers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    usage with librating tethers under perturbing forces. Pelaez and Andres26 and Somenzi, et al27, also address tether stability in specific...as the most current developments became motivators for this thesis. Cited in earlier chapters, Hoy 26 J. Pelaez and Y. N. Andres, “Dynamic...

  12. Préface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cornet, Alain

    2004-11-01

    Le premier colloque Rayons X et Matière (Rx 95) s'est tenu à Strasbourg en 1995. Il était destiné à célébrer le centenaire de la découverte des rayons X par ROENTGEN et a alors réuni plus de cent trente chercheurs et industriels concernés par les rayons X et les matériaux. Parmi eux se trouvaient les Professeurs André GUINIER et Hans NEFF ainsi que Monsieur Michel BRUNEL qui hélas ne sont plus parmi nous à ce jour. La qualité et la convivialité des échanges entre les participants lors de cette première réunion ne pouvaient que nous inciter à la reconduire et nous avons pris rendez vous pour 1997, puis 1999, puis 2001 et enfin pour 2003, soient cinq colloques, un tous les deux ans pendant dix ans. Au cours des années, nous avons essayé d'adapter les thèmes abordés à l'évolution de la recherche et des techniques. Ces thèmes se sont naturellement ajoutés aux thèmes classiques comme la diffraction et la fluorescence. Les nanomatériaux, les microfaisceaux en sont des exemples. A de très rares exceptions les communications présentées étaient de très bon niveau et nous avons toujours eu beaucoup de plaisir à les publier. Ces colloques ont bien fonctionné en raison de la participation des industriels qui, dans leur grande majorité, nous ont accompagnés régulièrement. Ces colloques présentent l'avantage, par rapport à des colloques spécialisés, de couvrir (presque) tout le champ des applications des rayons X et seulement ce domaine. Toutefois il est clair que les données économiques évoluent et que la situation est chaque aimée plus difficile pour tout le monde, chercheurs et industriels. Temps et moyens sont comptés et maintenant chacun doit faire de plus en plus de choix, rentabilité oblige ! Le maintien du colloque Rayons X et Matière passera obligatoirement par une réflexion globale : redéfinition des objectifs, augmentation de l'ouverture européenne, recherche d'autres formes de participation associant mieux les

  13. Discrimination of neutrons and γ-rays in liquid scintillator based on Elman neural network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Cai-Xun; Lin, Shin-Ted; Zhao, Jian-Ling; Yu, Xun-Zhen; Wang, Li; Zhu, Jing-Jun; Xing, Hao-Yang

    2016-08-01

    In this work, a new neutron and γ (n/γ) discrimination method based on an Elman Neural Network (ENN) is proposed to improve the discrimination performance of liquid scintillator (LS) detectors. Neutron and γ data were acquired from an EJ-335 LS detector, which was exposed in a 241Am-9Be radiation field. Neutron and γ events were discriminated using two methods of artificial neural network including the ENN and a typical Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN) as a control. The results show that the two methods have different n/γ discrimination performances. Compared to the BPNN, the ENN provides an improved of Figure of Merit (FOM) in n/γ discrimination. The FOM increases from 0.907 ± 0.034 to 0.953 ± 0.037 by using the new method of the ENN. The proposed n/γ discrimination method based on ENN provides a new choice of pulse shape discrimination in neutron detection. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11275134,11475117)

  14. A Sustainable NATO/EU Partnership for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-03

    addition the tendency of many European states to primarily deal with security problems with nonmilitary means, the request for a ‘peace dividend ’, the... Politique de Sécurité et de Défense Européenne, Bilan d’Etape, published by Yves Boyer is only one example showing a strong French tendency to...organizations, both essential for the country. 22 12 Yves Boyer, La Politique de Sécurité et de Défense Européenne, Bilan d’Etape

  15. Reply to Comment on "The Jurassic-Cretaceous basaltic magmatism of the Oued El-Abid syncline (High Atlas, Morocco): Physical volcanology, geochemistry and geodynamic implications" by André Michard et al. (2013) [J. Afr. Earth Sci. 88 (December) (2013) 101-105

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bensalah, Mohamed Khalil; Youbi, Nasrrddine; Mata, João; Madeira, José; Martins, Línia; Font, Eric; Medina, Fida; Marzoli, Andrea; Hachimi, Hind El; Bertrand, Hervé; Bellieni, Giuliano; Doblas, Miguel; Mahmoudi, Abdelkader; Beraâouz, El Hassane; Miranda, Rui; Verati, Chrystèle; Min, Angelo De; Abbou, Mohamed Ben; Zayane, Rachid

    2016-06-01

    We welcome the comment by Michard et al. (2013) as it gives us the opportunity to better discuss the Jurassic-Cretaceous magmatism of the High Atlas (Morocco). In their comment, Michard et al. (2013) focus on three main points which are: (i) the age of the basalts from Naour, (ii) the structural history of the Central High Atlas and (iii) the geodynamic significance of the related Jurassic-Cretaceous magmatism. We will address these questions in the following sections.

  16. Comment on “Recent advances on solving the three-parameter infiltration equation” by Prabhata K. Swamee, Pushpa N. Rathie, Luan Carlos de S.M. Ozelim and André L.B. Cavalcante, Journal of Hydrology 509 (2014) 188-192

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barry, D. A.; Sander, G. C.; Parlange, J.-Y.; Li, L.; Haverkamp, R.

    2014-09-01

    A recent approximation to the three-parameter infiltration was compared with an existing approximation. The new approximation has a minimum relative error that is two orders of magnitude greater than the maximum relative error of the existing approximation.

  17. Application of a genetic algorithm Elman network in temperature drift modeling for a fiber-optic gyroscope.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xiyuan; Song, Rui; Shen, Chong; Zhang, Hong

    2014-09-10

    The fiber-optic gyroscope (FOG) has been widely used as a satellite and automobile attitude sensor in many industrial and defense fields such as navigation and positioning. Based on the fact that the FOG is sensitive to temperature variation, a novel (to our knowledge) error-processing technique for the FOG through a set of temperature experiment results and error analysis is presented. The method contains two parts: one is denoising, and the other is modeling and compensating. After the denoising part, a novel modeling method which is based on the dynamic modified Elman neural network (ENN) is proposed. In order to get the optimum parameters of the ENN, the genetic algorithm (GA) is applied and the optimization objective function was set as the difference between the predicted data and real data. The modeling and compensating results indicate that the drift caused by the varying temperature can be reduced and compensated effectively by the proposed model; the prediction accuracy of the GA-ENN is improved 20% over the ENN.

  18. Complexity, Contextualism, and Multiculturalism: Responses to the Critiques and Future Directions for the Gender Role Conflict Research Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neil, James M.

    2008-01-01

    The author reacts to three reviews by Carolyn Enns, Stephen Wester, and P. Paul and Mary Heppner on "The Counseling Psychologist" Major Contribution "Summarizing 25 Years of Research on Men's Gender Role Conflict Using the Gender Role Conflict Scale: New Research Paradigms and Clinical Implications." The reviews provide support for assessing the…

  19. Search Codes for a Bibliography for the Study of African International Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-01-01

    in «i K^fiM PAGE 13 0CiA ORGAN I SAT IOU COMMUNE AFRICAiNE, MALGACHE ET MAüRtCiENNE (OCAf;) 0AU ORGANIZATION OF...OAU) 0C ORGANISATION COMMUNE AFRICANINE, MALGACHE ET MAURACIENNE (OCAi) OMA UllAN ÜPE ORGANIZATION UF PETROLEU,, EXPORTING COUNTRIES

  20. Updating a Cautionary Tale of Masked Priming: Reply to Klapp (2005)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lleras, Alejandro; Enns, James T.

    2005-01-01

    The commentary by S. T. Klapp (see record 2005-09704-010) on our recent article (A. Lleras & J. T. Enns, [see record 2004-21166-001]) proposes that the empirical finding of negative compatibility in masked priming be attributed to 2 distinct theoretical constructs: (a) perceptual priming through object updating, as described in our article, and…

  1. Robust Kalman filtering cooperated Elman neural network learning for vision-sensing-based robotic manipulation with global stability.

    PubMed

    Zhong, Xungao; Zhong, Xunyu; Peng, Xiafu

    2013-10-08

    In this paper, a global-state-space visual servoing scheme is proposed for uncalibrated model-independent robotic manipulation. The scheme is based on robust Kalman filtering (KF), in conjunction with Elman neural network (ENN) learning techniques. The global map relationship between the vision space and the robotic workspace is learned using an ENN. This learned mapping is shown to be an approximate estimate of the Jacobian in global space. In the testing phase, the desired Jacobian is arrived at using a robust KF to improve the ENN learning result so as to achieve robotic precise convergence of the desired pose. Meanwhile, the ENN weights are updated (re-trained) using a new input-output data pair vector (obtained from the KF cycle) to ensure robot global stability manipulation. Thus, our method, without requiring either camera or model parameters, avoids the corrupted performances caused by camera calibration and modeling errors. To demonstrate the proposed scheme's performance, various simulation and experimental results have been presented using a six-degree-of-freedom robotic manipulator with eye-in-hand configurations.

  2. Conformal Sheets of Thin Film Sensors, Electronics and Energy Harvesters for Structural Monitoring

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    Science and Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Bioengineering Mechanical Science and Engineering, and Chemistry Beckman Institute for...neurology D D C ll (P ) di lr. . a ans enn – car o ogy Dr. M. Slepian (Sarver) – cardiology Dr. J. McDonald (JHU) – rehabilitation Dr. I. Efimov (Wash Univ) -- cardiology

  3. [Consumption of carbonated beverages with nonnutritive sweeteners in Latin American university students].

    PubMed

    Durán Agüero, Samuel; Record Cornwall, Jiniva; Encina Vega, Claudia; Salazar de Ariza, Julieta; Cordón Arrivillaga, Karla; Cereceda Bujaico, María del Pilar; Antezana Alzamora, Sonia; Espinoza Bernardo, Sissy

    2014-09-12

    Introducción: El consumo de bebidas carbonatadas con edulcorantes no nutritivos (ENN) es cada vez más común con el objetivo de mantener un peso saludable, sin embargo el efecto de los ENN sobre el peso corporal es controversial. Materiales y métodos: Estudiantes universitarios (n=1.229) de ambos sexos de 18 a 26 años, de los cuales 472 de Chile, 300 de Panamá, 253 de Guatemala y 204 de Perú. A cada estudiante se le aplicó una encuesta de frecuencia de consumo semanal de alimentos apoyada con fotografías de bebidas con ENN para cada país para determinar la ingesta de ellos. Asimismo y se les realizó una evaluación antropométrica. Resultados: El 80% de los estudiantes consumían bebidas carbonatadas con ENN, ninguno de ellos superó la ingesta diaria admitida para sucralosa, acesulfame de potasio y aspartame. El mayor consumo tanto en hombres como mujeres se observó en estudiantes universitarios chilenos (p.

  4. Effects of Pharmacologic Intervention on Oxygenation, Lung Water and Protein Leak in the Pseudomonas Ards Porcine Model.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-01

    597, 1983. 3. Staub , N.C. : Clinical use of lung water measurements. Report of a work- shop. Chest 90:588-594, 1986. 4. Chinard, F.P., and Enns, T...Neutrophils and the adult respiratory distress syndrome. Am. Rev. Resp. Dis. 125:552-559, 1983. 13. Staub , N.C., Schultz, E.L., and Albertine, K.H

  5. Attentional Distractor Interference May Be Diminished by Concurrent Working Memory Load in Normal Participants and Traumatic Brain Injury Patients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Liano, Beatriz Gil-Gomez; Umilta, Carlo; Stablum, Franca; Tebaldi, Francesca; Cantagallo, Anna

    2010-01-01

    A reduction in congruency effects under working memory (WM) load has been previously described using different attentional paradigms (e.g., Kim, Kim, & Chun, 2005; Smilek, Enns, Eastwood, & Merikle, 2006). One hypothesis is that different types of WM load have different effects on attentional selection, depending on whether a specific memory load…

  6. 21 CFR 582.20 - Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ....) J. W. Moore. Bergamot (bergamot orange) Citrus aurantium L. subsp. bergamia Wright et Arn. Bitter.... Turmeric Curcuma longa L. Vanilla Vanilla planifolia Andr. or Vanilla tahitensis J. W. Moore....

  7. 21 CFR 582.20 - Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ....) J. W. Moore. Bergamot (bergamot orange) Citrus aurantium L. subsp. bergamia Wright et Arn. Bitter.... Turmeric Curcuma longa L. Vanilla Vanilla planifolia Andr. or Vanilla tahitensis J. W. Moore....

  8. Back at the ISS

    NASA Video Gallery

    Back at the ISS is a rocking musical greeting to ESA Astronaut André Kuipers, Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko and the entire crew of the International Space Station on the occasion of the docking...

  9. A blow to curiosity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moriarty, Philip

    2011-01-01

    Andre Geim is correct to highlight the fact that the UK's Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) has long been an excellent model of how a funding body should operate with a minimum of bureaucracy (November 2010 p7).

  10. "Vases communicants": Twentieth-Century Franco-American Dialogue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morot-Sir, Edouard

    1976-01-01

    This article examines the cultural exchange between such personalities as William James and Henri Bergson, Henry James and Marcel Proust, and William Faulkner and Andre Malraux, and its impact on the world view shared by certain Americans and Frenchmen. (DB)

  11. The Author and His Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spain Today, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Critical evaluation and biographical comments on contemporary Spanish authors Arcadio de Larrea Palacin, Leopoldo de Luis, Andres Bosch, Condesa de Campo Alange, Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, and Juan Rof Carballo. (DS)

  12. A Great Teacher-Maurois Remembered Alain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baslaw, Annette S.

    1972-01-01

    This article deals with the fame and philosophies of a great" teacher, Emile-Auguste Chartier, better known as Alain. The author includes quotes from Andre Maurois which reflect the regard that is felt for Alain. (MS)

  13. Expedition 30 Prepares for Dec. 21 Launch

    NASA Video Gallery

    NASA astronaut Don Pettit, Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko and European Space Agency astronaut Andre Kuipers arrive at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to begin the final phase of preparation...

  14. 40 CFR 260.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Direcorate, 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France. (1) OECD Green List of Wastes (revised May 1994... of Transfrontier Movements of Wastes Destined for Recovery Operations), IBR approved for 262.89...

  15. 40 CFR 260.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Direcorate, 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France. (1) OECD Green List of Wastes (revised May 1994... of Transfrontier Movements of Wastes Destined for Recovery Operations), IBR approved for 262.89...

  16. New Expedition 30 Crew Members Launch to Station

    NASA Video Gallery

    Expedition 30 Flight Engineers Don Pettit, Oleg Kononenko and Andre Kuipers launched at 8:16 a.m. EST on Wednesday (7:16 p.m. local time) from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The three new I...

  17. Perspectives on the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics for graphene.

    PubMed

    Dresselhaus, Mildred S; Araujo, Paulo T

    2010-11-23

    The 2010 Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov for their groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene. Some personal perspectives about this award are presented.

  18. Space Station Crew Welcomes World's First Commercial Cargo Craft

    NASA Video Gallery

    Aboard the International Space Station, Expedition 31 Flight Engineer Don Pettit of NASA, Flight Engineer Andre Kuipers of the European Space Agency and Flight Engineer Joe Acaba of NASA grappled a...

  19. Orbital Path of the International Space Station

    NASA Video Gallery

    Astronauts Don Pettit, Andre Kuipers and Dan Burbank explain the orbital path of the International Space Station. Earth video credit: Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA's Johnson Space Cen...

  20. Don't wait for Paris summit to improve health.

    PubMed

    Soares, Andréia Azevedo; Figueres, Christiana

    2015-11-01

    How developing countries will make the transition to sustainable clean-energy economies is a major challenge for the United Nations summit that opens in Paris this month. Christiana Figueres talks to Andréia Azevedo Soares.

  1. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Photographed by Henry F. Withey December 1936 WEST REAR FROM GARDEN SHOWING SOUTH WALL OF PATIO. - Andres Pico House, 10940 Sepulveda Boulevard, San Fernando, Los Angeles County, CA

  2. Automated Psychological Categorization via Linguistic Processing System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-09-01

    categorizing large amounts of documents. 36 Brucher, Heide, Knolmayer, Gerhard, Mittermayer and...Washington 6, D.C. December 1962. Brucher, Heide, Gerhard Knolmayer and Marc-Andre Mittermayer . “Document Classification Methods for Organizing

  3. Press Room

    Science.gov Websites

    Anna Stefanopoulou Gives Engine Control Keynote at PMC Conference (Sep. 7-9, 2016, PMC) ARC Researchers at ASME IDETC 2016 (Aug. 21-24, 2016, IDETC) Dr. Andr Boehman appointed ...

  4. 76 FR 49481 - Granting of Request for Early Termination of the Waiting Period Under the Premerger Notification...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    .... 20111055 G Forum Energy Technologies, Inc.; Carl A. Davis; Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. 20111058 G... Union; Watermark Credit Union; Sound Credit Union. 20111120 G Andre Delachaux; Sodelho S.A.S.;...

  5. 76 FR 52735 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-23

    ...); Carl T. Froehlich, Associate CIO, End User and Equipment Services (MITS); Julieta Garcia, Director...; C. Andre Martin, Director of Field Operations, Midstates (CI); Gretchen R. McCoy, Associate...

  6. Back to Essentials: Virtues and Character for Strategic Leaders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-20

    religious perspective, this study also includes the set of virtues identified by French philosopher André Comte -Sponville.34 Finally, the model takes... Comte - Sponville Havard PROPOSAL Prudence Wisdom; Prudence Prudence Prudence Prudence Prudence Justice Justice Justice Justice Justice Justice...accessed 20 Jan 2012. 34 Andre Comte -Sponville. A Small Treatrise on the Great Virtues (New York, NY, Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt and Company, LLC

  7. Regional Security in Latin America: U.S. Economic and Military Options

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-03-10

    the danger of regression increases. President Salinas de Gortari of Mexico said "We know that any economic reform takes time and demands sacrifices...attempt, a poll indicated that 81 percent had little or no confidence in President Carlos Andr~s Perez. They were reacting to rising prices, falling...single party system. Without effective political opposition, President Salinas has been able to continue the policies initiated by his predecessor

  8. Final Environmental Assessment of the Joint Air-to-Surface Stand-Off Missile (JASSM) Development and Evaluation Testing, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-12-01

    Walk, Haydel, and Assoc. 1989). 3.2.3 San Andres Mountain Geology The San Andres Mountains form a portion of a geologic feature known as the Rio ...which are located east of the Rio Grande River. The Jornada del Muerto Basin is considered part of the Rio Grande Rift (WSMR, 1998). The basin’s...carried into the basin during flooding of the Rio Grande River, lake deposits, and alluvial sands. A few Cretaceous outcrops and small lava flows are

  9. 76 FR 48946 - Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to Executive Order 12978

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-09

    ... Alzate S.C.S., Cali, Colombia; c/o Outsourcing De Operaciones S.A., Bogota, Colombia; c/o Turismo Hansa S... Social, Cali, Colombia; c/o Turismo Hansa S.A., San Andres, Colombia; Calle 5E No. 47-57 apto. 302, Cali..., Colombia; c/o Turismo Hansa S.A., San Andres, Colombia; DOB 28 Mar 1961; POB Colombia; Cedula No....

  10. Translations on Latin America, No. 1909.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-11-14

    Sep 78) 68 Andres Pascal Allende Interview, Andres Pascal Allende Interview Hortensia Allende Interview, Hortensia Bussi de Allende Interview...Jose Montes, Oscar Bartolome Galino, Luciano Adolfo Jauregui and Antonio Domingo Bussi will be promoted to major generals at the end of this year...who have more seniority than those promoted to go into retirement. In this case, the one with least seniority of those promoted is General Bussi

  11. Systematic and Scalable Testing of Concurrent Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-16

    University 5000 Forbes Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Thesis Committee: Randal E. Bryant, Co-chair Garth A. Gibson, Co-chair David G. Andersen Andre Platzer...professors David Andresen, Andre Platzer, and Junfeng Yang for not hesitating to serve on the committee and for providing me with constructive feedback. The...Garth Gibson, Gary Grider, Andree Jacobson, and Wyatt Lloyd. PRObE: A Thousand-Node Experimental Cluster for Computer Systems Research. ;login:, 38(3):37

  12. Proxy Forces, the Future of the Land Component in Coalition Operations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-23

    long history. Academic study of the subject however has been limited. The great theorists of strategy, Niccolo Machiavelli and Carl von Clausewitz...relationship. Andres , Wills, and Griffith argue in their study of Operation ENDURING FREEDOM that the “Afghan Model” is a new and valid type of warfare...tension. Afghanistan is an example of the challenges that face a state when its campaign aims have been met and conflict 86Richard, B. Andres , Craig

  13. The Impact of Resource Wealth On Economic Growth, Governance, and Conflict in Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    theory proposed by Catherine Andre and Jean-Philippe Platteau in 1998.32 While much has been written on the systemic corruption and patronage...and Bulte, “Fractionalization,” 1. 32 Catherine Andre and Jean-Philippe Platteau, “Land Relations Under Unbearable Stress: Rwanda Caught in a...quarterlyreports/2013-01-30qr.pdf. 81 Carl -Johan Dalgaard and Ola Olsson, “Windfall Gains, Political Economy, and Economic Development,” Working Paper

  14. Identifying and Eliminating Barriers Faced by Nontraditional Department of Defense Suppliers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    grateful to our sponsor, the Office of Small Business Programs at the Department of Defense, for supporting this research. In particular, Andre Gudger...Representative Bill, “Small Business Critical to Defense Innovation,” The Hill, January 24, 2012. Templin, Carl R., and Michael E. Heberling, “Commercial...House of Representatives, “Testimony Submitted by Andre J. Gudger for the Defense Industrial Base: Hearing Before the House Armed Services Committee

  15. Human skin permeation of emerging mycotoxins (beauvericin and enniatins).

    PubMed

    Taevernier, Lien; Veryser, Lieselotte; Roche, Nathalie; Peremans, Kathelijne; Burvenich, Christian; Delesalle, Catherine; De Spiegeleer, Bart

    2016-01-01

    Currently, dermal exposure data of cyclic depsipeptide mycotoxins are completely absent. There is a lack of understanding about the local skin and systemic kinetics and effects, despite their widespread skin contact and intrinsic hazard. Therefore, we provide a quantitative characterisation of their dermal kinetics. The emerging mycotoxins enniatins (ENNs) and beauvericin (BEA) were used as model compounds and their transdermal kinetics were quantitatively evaluated, using intact and damaged human skin in an in vitro Franz diffusion cell set-up and ultra high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC)-MS analytics. We demonstrated that all investigated mycotoxins are able to penetrate through the skin. ENN B showed the highest permeation (kp,v=9.44 × 10(-6) cm/h), whereas BEA showed the lowest (kp,v=2.35 × 10(-6) cm/h) and the other ENNs ranging in between. Combining these values with experimentally determined solubility data, Jmax values ranging from 0.02 to 0.35 μg/(cm(2) h) for intact skin and from 0.07 to 1.11 μg/(cm(2) h) for damaged skin were obtained. These were used to determine the daily dermal exposure (DDE) in a worst-case scenario. On the other hand, DDE's for a typical occupational scenario were calculated based on real-life mycotoxin concentrations for the industrial exposure of food-related workers. In the latter case, for contact with intact human skin, DDE's up to 0.0870 ng/(kg BW × day) for ENN A were calculated, whereas for impaired skin barrier this can even rise up to 0.3209 ng/(kg BW × day) for ENN B1. This knowledge is needed for the risk assessment after skin exposure of contaminated food, feed, indoor surfaces and airborne particles with mycotoxins.

  16. The Influence of Menstrual Cycle and Androstadienone on Female Stress Reactions: An fMRI Study

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Ka Chun; Peisen, Felix; Kogler, Lydia; Radke, Sina; Turetsky, Bruce; Freiherr, Jessica; Derntl, Birgit

    2016-01-01

    Communicating threats and stress via biological signaling is common in animals. In humans, androstadienone (ANDR), a synthetic male steroid, is a socially relevant chemosignal exhibited to increase positive mood and cortisol levels specifically in (periovulatory) females in positively arousing contexts. In a negative context, we expected that such effects of ANDR could amplify social evaluative threat depending on the stress sensitivity, which differs between menstrual cycle phases. Therefore, this fMRI study aimed to examine psychosocial stress reactions on behavioral, hormonal and neural levels in 31 naturally cycling females, between 15 early follicular (EF) and 16 mid-luteal (ML) females tested with ANDR and placebo treatment in a repeated-measures design. Regardless of odor stimulation, psychosocial stress (i.e., mental arithmetic task with social evaluative threat) led to elevated negative mood and anxiety in all females. A negative association of social threat related amygdala activation and competence ratings appeared in ML-females, indicating enhanced threat processing by ANDR, particularly in ML-females who felt less competent early in the stress experience. Further, ML-females showed reduced performance and stronger stress-related hippocampus activation compared to EF-females under ANDR. Hippocampal activation in ML-females also correlated positively with post-stress subjective stress. Contrarily, such patterns were not observed in EF-females or under placebo in either group. Strikingly, unlike passive emotional processing, ANDR in a stressful context decreased cortisol concentration in all females. This points to a more complex interaction of ovarian/gonadal hormones in social threat processing and stress reactivity. Our findings suggest that ANDR enhanced initial evaluation of self-related social threat in ML-females. Female stress reactions are related to stress sensitivity through enhanced awareness and processing of social cues in a stressful

  17. Toward a Computational Theory of Early Visual Processing in Reading.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    nia) be supposed to be de efficient extraction of nicaning from iniaged text. Gi~cn the nature of written language, particularly English , a presunably...ricrslanding: Siwdies in cogniive sciencecds. iBobrow I). and Collins A.. Academic Press, 1975. Nelson The Nelson l)enn) Ieading tesi , I oughton...Inference on English ," Proc. lw. J. Conf Arlificial Intelligence 3 (1973), 255-261. Smilh F. "Familiarity or configuration vs. discriminability of

  18. Vénus version Express

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nazé, Yaël

    2010-04-01

    En avril 2006, Vénus a "capturé" un objet d'un genre particulier: une sonde robotique européenne, baptisée Venus Express et destinée à scruter cette planète sous tous les angles. Bilan de cette mission 5 ans après le lancement de la sonde, dont 4 d'observations vénusiennes.

  19. A Prototype Decision Support System for Marine Corps Officer Allocation Policy Analysis.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    SINCE THE TOTAL NUMBER OF ARCS SOUGHT, REDUCE IARC BY I IND = M + 1 lAD = :ARC -I D = M N A M ISA = H A=M+ 1 IHS = 0 MAXC = 0 ISUP = -1 IBIG 10000c...8217FINISHED GENERATING ARCS FOR THE NETWORK’ GOTO 77-. *6666 CALL GNETX (IND,IAD, IQD,M,H,T,C,CP,X,CPX,P,D,IT,U,NSA,ISA,A,IHS, * CIBIG,MAXC, ISUP ,MBIG, E,NNS

  20. Sciences and society

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    J.Luns des Pays-Bas, ancien sécétaire général de NATO (OTAN=Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord) parle du passé, présent et future de la défense européenne et des relations est et ouest

  1. Delay Differential Equation-Based Modeling of Passively Mode-Locked Quantum Dot Lasers Using Measured Gain and Loss Spectra (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    Européenne de Bretagne JANUARY 2013 Interim Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. See additional restrictions described on... Bretagne ) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 2305 5e. TASK NUMBER DP 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER Y05T 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8...University of Mexico Université Européene de Bretagne 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Air Force Research Laboratory

  2. History of Cern

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Cérémonie à l'occasion de l'apparition du premier volume du livre sur l'histoire du Cern, avec plusieurs personnes présentes qui jouaient un rôle important dans cette organisation européenne couronnée de succès grâce à l'esprit des membres fondateurs qui est et restera essentiel

  3. Detecting Susceptibility to Breast Cancer with SNP-SNP Interaction Using BPSOHS and Emotional Neural Networks

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Xiao; Fan, Yue

    2016-01-01

    Studies for the association between diseases and informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have received great attention. However, most of them just use the whole set of useful SNPs and fail to consider the SNP-SNP interactions, while these interactions have already been proven in biology experiments. In this paper, we use a binary particle swarm optimization with hierarchical structure (BPSOHS) algorithm to improve the effective of PSO for the identification of the SNP-SNP interactions. Furthermore, in order to use these SNP interactions in the susceptibility analysis, we propose an emotional neural network (ENN) to treat SNP interactions as emotional tendency. Different from the normal architecture, just as the emotional brain, this architecture provides a specific path to treat the emotional value, by which the SNP interactions can be considered more quickly and directly. The ENN helps us use the prior knowledge about the SNP interactions and other influence factors together. Finally, the experimental results prove that the proposed BPSOHS_ENN algorithm can detect the informative SNP-SNP interaction and predict the breast cancer risk with a much higher accuracy than existing methods. PMID:27294121

  4. Role of microbial iron reduction in the dissolution of iron hydroxysulfate minerals - article no. G01012

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, E.J.P.; Nadeau, T.L.; Voytek, M.A.; Landa, E.R.

    2006-03-28

    Reduction of structural sulfate in the iron-hydroxysulfate mineral jarosite by sulfate-reducing bacteria has previously been demonstrated. The primary objective of this work was to evaluate the potential for anaerobic dissolution of the iron-hydroxysulfate minerals jarosite and schwertmannite at neutral pH by iron-reducing bacteria. Mineral dissolution was tested using a long-term cultivar, Geobacter metallireducens strain GS-15, and a fresh isolate Geobacter sp. strain ENN1, previously undescribed. ENN1 was isolated from the discharge site of Shadle Mine, in the southern anthracite coalfield of Pennsylvania, where schwertmannite was the predominant iron-hydroxysulfate mineral. When jarosite from Elizabeth Mine (Vermont) was provided as the sole terminal electron acceptor, resting cells of both G. metallireducens and ENN1 were able to reduce structural Fe(III), releasing Fe{sup +2}, SO{sub 4}{sup -2}, and K{sup +} ions. A lithified jarosite sample from Utah was more resistant to microbial attack, but slow release of Fe{sup +2} was observed. Neither bacterium released Fe{sup +2} from poorly crystalline synthetic schwertmannite. Our results indicate that exposure of jarosite to iron-reducing conditions at neutral pH is likely to promote the mobility of hazardous constituents and should therefore be considered in evaluating waste disposal and/or reclamation options involving jarosite-bearing materials.

  5. Effects of partitioned enthalpy of mixing on glass-forming ability.

    PubMed

    Song, Wen-Xiong; Zhao, Shi-Jin

    2015-04-14

    We explore the inherent reason at atomic level for the glass-forming ability of alloys by molecular simulation, in which the effect of partitioned enthalpy of mixing is studied. Based on Morse potential, we divide the enthalpy of mixing into three parts: the chemical part (ΔEnn), strain part (ΔEstrain), and non-bond part (ΔEnnn). We find that a large negative ΔEnn value represents strong AB chemical bonding in AB alloy and is the driving force to form a local ordered structure, meanwhile the transformed local ordered structure needs to satisfy the condition (ΔEnn/2 + ΔEstrain) < 0 to be stabilized. Understanding the chemical and strain parts of enthalpy of mixing is helpful to design a new metallic glass with a good glass forming ability. Moreover, two types of metallic glasses (i.e., "strain dominant" and "chemical dominant") are classified according to the relative importance between chemical effect and strain effect, which enriches our knowledge of the forming mechanism of metallic glass. Finally, a soft sphere model is established, different from the common hard sphere model.

  6. Novel approach to evolutionary neural network based descriptor selection and QSAR model development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Debeljak, Željko; Marohnić, Viktor; Srečnik, Goran; Medić-Šarić, Marica

    2005-12-01

    Capability of evolutionary neural network (ENN) based QSAR approach to direct the descriptor selection process towards stable descriptor subset (DS) composition characterized by acceptable generalization, as well as the influence of description stability on QSAR model interpretation have been examined. In order to analyze the DS stability and QSAR model generalization properties multiple random dataset partitions into training and test set were made. Acceptability criteria proposed by Golbraikh et al. [J. Comput.-Aided Mol. Des., 17 (2003) 241] have been chosen for selection of highly predictive QSAR models from a set of all models produced by ENN for each dataset splitting. All QSAR models that pass Golbraikh's filter generated by ENN for each dataset partition were collected. Two final DS forming principles were compared. Standard principle is based on selection of descriptors characterized by highest frequencies among all descriptors that appear in the pool [J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 43 (2003) 949]. Search across the model pool for DS that are stable against multiple dataset subsampling i.e. universal DS solutions is the basis of novel approach. Based on described principles benzodiazepine QSAR has been proposed and evaluated against results reported by others in terms of final DS composition and model predictive performance.

  7. Effects of partitioned enthalpy of mixing on glass-forming ability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Wen-Xiong; Zhao, Shi-Jin

    2015-04-01

    We explore the inherent reason at atomic level for the glass-forming ability of alloys by molecular simulation, in which the effect of partitioned enthalpy of mixing is studied. Based on Morse potential, we divide the enthalpy of mixing into three parts: the chemical part (Δ Enn), strain part (Δ Estrain), and non-bond part (Δ Ennn). We find that a large negative Δ Enn value represents strong AB chemical bonding in AB alloy and is the driving force to form a local ordered structure, meanwhile the transformed local ordered structure needs to satisfy the condition (Δ Enn/2 + Δ Estrain) < 0 to be stabilized. Understanding the chemical and strain parts of enthalpy of mixing is helpful to design a new metallic glass with a good glass forming ability. Moreover, two types of metallic glasses (i.e., "strain dominant" and "chemical dominant") are classified according to the relative importance between chemical effect and strain effect, which enriches our knowledge of the forming mechanism of metallic glass. Finally, a soft sphere model is established, different from the common hard sphere model.

  8. Evolutionary neural networks for anomaly detection based on the behavior of a program.

    PubMed

    Han, Sang-Jun; Cho, Sung-Bae

    2006-06-01

    The process of learning the behavior of a given program by using machine-learning techniques (based on system-call audit data) is effective to detect intrusions. Rule learning, neural networks, statistics, and hidden Markov models (HMMs) are some of the kinds of representative methods for intrusion detection. Among them, neural networks are known for good performance in learning system-call sequences. In order to apply this knowledge to real-world problems successfully, it is important to determine the structures and weights of these call sequences. However, finding the appropriate structures requires very long time periods because there are no suitable analytical solutions. In this paper, a novel intrusion-detection technique based on evolutionary neural networks (ENNs) is proposed. One advantage of using ENNs is that it takes less time to obtain superior neural networks than when using conventional approaches. This is because they discover the structures and weights of the neural networks simultaneously. Experimental results with the 1999 Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Intrusion Detection Evaluation (IDEVAL) data confirm that ENNs are promising tools for intrusion detection.

  9. Semiconducting Lead-Sulfur-Organic Network Solids

    SciTech Connect

    Turner,D.; Vaid, T.; Stephens, P.; Stone, K.; DiPasquale, A.; Rheingold, A.

    2008-01-01

    The reactions of Pb(OAc)2 with 1, 2,4, 5-benzenetetrathiol, 1, 4-benzenedithiol, and benzenehexathiol in ethylenediamine yield bright yellow [Pb2(S2C6H2S2)(en)]n, orange-red [Pb3(SC6H4S)3(en)2]n, and brown [Pb3C6S6]n, respectively. The structures of [Pb2(S2C6H2S2)(en)]n and [Pb3C6S6]n were solved by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, while the structure of [Pb3(SC6H4S)3(en)2]n was solved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The bonding in [Pb2(S2C6H2S2)(en)]n indicates the presence of 'molecular' units, while in [Pb3C6S6]n, the bonding most resembles that in an inorganic solid such as PbS. The differences in bonding are reflected in the optical and electrical properties of the materials; [Pb3C6S6]n is a semiconductor.

  10. Semiconducting lead-sulfur-organic network solids.

    PubMed

    Turner, Dayna L; Vaid, Thomas P; Stephens, Peter W; Stone, Kevin H; DiPasquale, Antonio G; Rheingold, Arnold L

    2008-01-09

    The reactions of Pb(OAc)2 with 1,2,4,5-benzenetetrathiol, 1,4-benzenedithiol, and benzenehexathiol in ethylenediamine yield bright yellow [Pb2(S2C6H2S2)(en)]n, orange-red [Pb3(SC6H4S)3(en)2]n, and brown [Pb3C6S6]n, respectively. The structures of [Pb2(S2C6H2S2)(en)]n and [Pb3C6S6]n were solved by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, while the structure of [Pb3(SC6H4S)3(en)2]n was solved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The bonding in [Pb2(S2C6H2S2)(en)]n indicates the presence of "molecular" units, while in [Pb3C6S6]n, the bonding most resembles that in an inorganic solid such as PbS. The differences in bonding are reflected in the optical and electrical properties of the materials; [Pb3C6S6]n is a semiconductor.

  11. The Turc-Budyko adimensional graphs as a tool for consistency assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andréassian, Vazken; Perrin, Charles; Coron, Laurent; Le Moine, Nicolas

    2015-04-01

    This poster discusses the Turc-Budyko nondimensional graph, a widely used nondimensional representation relating long-term actual evaporation to precipitation and potential evaporation as a tool for assessing the consistency of catchment water balance. We present examples showing both the classical use of the graph (based on long-term averages, see Andréassian and Perrin, 2012) but also a newer use involving dated annual values, which allows to check the consistency of individual years (see Coron et al., 2015). References Andréassian, V., and C. Perrin (2012), On the ambiguous interpretation of the Turc-Budyko nondimensional graph, Water Resour. Res., 48, W10601, doi:10.1029/2012WR012532. Coron, L., V. Andréassian, C. Perrin & N. Le Moine. 2015. Graphical tools based on Turc-Budyko plots to detect changes in catchment behaviour. Hydrological Sciences Journal, doi: 10.1080/02626667.2014.964245

  12. Major salt beds of the Palo Duro and Dalhart Basins, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-12-01

    Major salt beds are defined as salt intervals at least 75 feet thick that contain no interbeds greater than 10 feet thick and include no more than 15 percent non-salt interbeds. Maps based on the interpretation of geophysical logs from hundreds of oil and gas exploration wells reveal seven major salt beds in the Palo Duro Basin and one major salt bed in the Dalhart Basin. The most extensive major salt beds are in the central and northern Palo Duro Basin, in the Upper San Andres Formation and the Lower San Andres Formation Units 4 and 5. Of these, the major salt bed within the Lower San Andres Formation Unit 4 is the most widespread and generally the thickest. 7 references, 15 figures, 2 tables.

  13. Rand Project Air Force Annual Report 2011

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    Tel +32.2.791.7500 RePReSeNTATIVe OFFICe Mexico City Office Andrés Bello No. 10 Piso 6 Col. Polanco C.P. 11560 México, D.F. Tel +52.55.3601.0700...OFFICe Mexico City Office Andrés Bello No. 10 Piso 6 Col. Polanco C.P. 11560 México, D.F. Tel +52.55.3601.0700 www.rand.org www.rand.org/paf/ R A N D P

  14. Ethnic Conflict in Central Europe and the Balkans: A Framework and U.S. Policy Options

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    760,000 7,000,000 Ukrainians 60,000 350,000 600,000 Bulgarians 12,000 30,000 130,000 Upovans 12,000 100,000 SOURCE: Andre Uebich, "Minorities in Eastern...the obstacles to an accurate count, see Andre Liebich, "Minorities in Eastern Europe: Obstacles to a Reliable Count," RFEIRL Research Report Vol. 1, No...13For one example of the change in the type of nationalism, see Raymond Breton , "From Ethnic to Civic NaionalIsm: English Canada and Quebec,- Ethnic

  15. PRI and the Beyond Merida Initiative

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-28

    candidate, Andres Manuel Lopez , called for the de- militarization of our bilateral agenda while speaking to a U.S. think tank.9 Santiago Creel Miranda, a... manuel -l%C3%B3pez- obrador (accessed October 16, 2011) 10 Elimparcial. “Anti-narco fight will change if president: Creel,” http...Wilson Institute for Scholars: Mexico Institute. http://www.wilsoncenter.org/event/dialogues-mexicodi%C3%A1logos-con-m%C3%A9xico- featuring- andr %C3%A9s

  16. An Enhanced Role of the Economics Element of National Power in Military Operations: The Mexican Economy as a Case Study for U.S. Northern Command Theater Security Cooperation (TSC) Planning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-26

    October 8, 2011).p. 26. 36 Anna Wellenstein, Angelica Nunez, and Luis Andres, Social Infrastructure; Fondo de Aportaciones para la Infrastructura...Sidney. Unequal Partners: The United States and Mexico. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010. Wellenstein, Anna, Angelica Nunez

  17. A new nematode genus Rugoster (Leptolaimina: Chronogastridae), with descriptions of six new species

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A new genus, Rugoster, is proposed in the family Chronogastridae. It is characterized by having longitudinal cuticular grooves on the body cuticle and a tail having a stem-like mucro bearing 2 lateral, strongly hooked spines and two finer terminal hooked spines. Rugoster magnifica (Andrássy, 1956) c...

  18. An Absence of Hypochondria: Memoirs of the Physically Ill, the Handicapped, and Their Caretakers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wunsch, Karen

    1995-01-01

    Discusses how the best of autobiographies about the sick enrich the genre, with references to John Hull's "Touching the Rock," Andre Dubus's "Broken Vessels," Jacquie Gordon's "Give Me One Wish," and Robert Murphy's "The Body Silent," among others. Suggests that the reader's attempt to understand his or her own wounds motivates the reading of…

  19. The Decisiveness of the Battle of Midway

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE Military History by ANDRES J...treatment. To challenge the basic assumptions made about the strategic effects of this battle might not only provide a more accurate view of history , but...

  20. Vector Potential, Electromagnetic Induction and "Physical Meaning"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giuliani, G.

    2010-01-01

    A forgotten experiment by Andre Blondel (1914) proves, as held on the basis of theoretical arguments in a previous paper, that the time variation of the magnetic flux is not the cause of the induced emf; the physical agent is instead the vector potential through the term [equation omitted] (when the induced circuit is at rest). The "good…

  1. The Search for Electromagnetic Induction (1820-1831). Experiment No. 20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devons, Samuel

    This paper focuses on the search for electromagnetic induction from 1820 to 1831 and the efforts by Augustin Fresnel's colleague, Andre Marie Ampere, in electric and magnetic induction. Faraday's work is discussed with excerpts from his diary on electromagnetism. A variety of different experiments by researchers including Francoise Jean Arago,…

  2. United States Air Force Graduate Student Summer Support Program 1986. Program Technical Report. Volume 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-12-01

    enlightening thoughts. Here at Penn State, I would like to thank Steve Andre for his help in retrieving the data collected during the summer program. I would...considerable work has been focussed on the phenomenon. In recent years neurophysiological techniques have supplemented the traditional psychophysical

  3. Science. [SITE 2001 Section].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roach, Linda E., Ed.

    This document contains the following papers on science from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2001 conference: (1) "Using a Computer Simulation before Dissection To Help Students Learn Anatomy" (Joseph Paul Akpan and Thomas Andre); (2) "EARTH2CLASS: A Unique Workshop/On-Line/Distance-Learning…

  4. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. Volume 87, Number 5, September-October 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-10-01

    are other authors who use other classifications. For example, see andrés Fontana, Seguridad Cooperativa : tendencias globales y el continente Ameri...of War in the other. Apparently, Winfield Scott’s 1847-1848 campaign against Mexico mattered little to Robert E. Lee or others. Aimed at a general

  5. Identity Management Task Force Report 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Lisa Swan, DOD Angelika Sweitzer, IRS Rick Therrien , IRS Richard Thompson, DOT Jacy Thurmond, SSA Owen Unangst, USDA C-1 Annex C...Agriculture Department of Defense Andre van Tilborg Department of Commerce Joel Harris Department of Energy Ray Orbach Department of Education

  6. Moliere: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guicharnaud, Jacques, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Jacques Guicharnaud, Rene Bray, Gustave Lanson, Alfred Simon, Will G. Moore, Ramon Fernandez, Paul Benichou, Lionel Gossman, Andre Villiers, James Doolittle, H. Gaston Hall, Robert J. Nelson, Jacques Copeau, Charles…

  7. "Angie Was Our Sister:" Witnessing the Trans-Formation of Disgust in the Citizenry of Photography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cram, Emily Dianne

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Andre Andrade was convicted for the murder of Angie Zapata, an 18-year-old Latina transgender woman living in rural Colorado. This essay traces the way Angie's friends, family, and community countered the assertion of transphobia in the courtroom and larger public discussion by circulating self-portraits of Angie on t-shirts at community…

  8. Smallpox Vaccination is Not Associated with Infertility in a Healthy Young Adult Population

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-01

    Rev 2002; 24:91-101. 46. Speroff L. The effect of aging on fertility. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 1994; 6:115-20. 47. Fisch H, Golden RJ, Libersen GL, et...Andre KA. Race, age, and cesarean delivery in a military population. Obstet Gynecol 1996; 88:530-3. 51. Magann EF, Winchester MI, Carter DP, Martin JN

  9. The Fritz Roethlisberger Memorial Award Goes to "Using Leadered Groups in Organizational Behavior and Management Survey Courses"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amoroso, Lisa M.; Loyd, Denise Lewin; Hoobler, Jenny M.

    2012-01-01

    The Fritz J. Roethlisberger Memorial Award for the best article in the 2011 "Journal of Management Education" goes to Rae Andre for her article, Using Leadered Groups in Organizational Behavior and Management Survey Courses ("Journal of Management Education," Volume 35, Number 5, pp. 596-619). In keeping with Roethlisberger's legacy, this year's…

  10. Threats and Opportunities of Science at a For-Profit University in Chile

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barandiaran, Javiera

    2012-01-01

    Thirty years after pro-market policies were first adopted, how best to organize Chile's scientific enterprise remains as elusive as when universities were state-run and funded. This paper explores scientific research at a for-profit university, University Andres Bello, to ask if a new mode of knowledge production is in the making and with what…

  11. Dimensions of Evaluation. Report of the IMHE Study Group on Evaluation in Higher Education. Higher Education Policy Series 13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dahllof, Urban; And Others

    This book presents seven essays on evaluation in higher education. In "Threats and Opportunities of Evaluation in Higher Education" Roeland in't Veld sets the policy frameworks for increased emphasis on evaluation. In "Institutional Evaluation: The Role of the Main Actors in Higher Education" Andre Staropoli describes the roles of the forces which…

  12. The Product Is the Message

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flannery, Jim

    1976-01-01

    A veteran educator, Sister Mary Andre Chipko, who serves as educational consultant to Lorain County Catholic Schools in the Cleveland Diocese, took a hard look at the Madison Avenue approach toward selling a product. She thought that nothing sells a product like the product itself and the result was a textbook produced by students on their…

  13. A Portrait of Two Writing Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberg, Mark F.

    1990-01-01

    Profiles Andre Allison and Florence Mondry, English teachers at Shoreham-Wading River High School (New York), who have placed composition at the center of their curricula, giving students more responsibility and fostering cooperative learning. Both use reading logs to help students interpret literature intelligently and extract meaning from their…

  14. Organizational Processes in the Free Recall of Sentences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andre, Thomas

    Investigations designed to eliminate ambiguities in the Andre and Kulhavy procedure and to investigate the effects of noun modifications and sentence voice in the category clustering of sentences were conducted. Two experiments were carried out; both employed a mixed factorial design and were prepared in dittoed booklets. The Ss were run in…

  15. Paradoxes in French-Language Instruction: Recent Social and Historical Research on Literacy in France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rockwell, Elsie; Galvao, Ana Maria

    2012-01-01

    This essay on three recent books by outstanding scholars--"La raison scolaire" by Bernard Lahire, "Histoire de l'enseignement du francais du XVII[superscript e] au XX[superscript e] siecle" by Andre Chervel, and "L'ecole et la lecture obligatoire" by Anne-Marie Chartier--offers the opportunity to acquaint readers with…

  16. Free, Classless, and Urbane?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kessel, Barbara Bailey

    1970-01-01

    A proponent of the New Left describes a classroom experience in which she considers her "working-class students as literary critics, and compares their comments to Murray Krieger's analysis of Andre Malraux's "Man's Fate. Reprinted from "The Radical Teacher, volume 2, December 30, 1969. (DS)

  17. Deux Physiologistes et un Linguiste Resume d'un Entretien (Two Physiologists and a Linguist. A Resume of an Interview)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez de la Lastra, Carlos; Gracia Vives, Miguel

    1977-01-01

    A resume of an interview between the authors and Andre Martinet on the book "Les reflexes linguistiques." The topics discussed are: rambling discourse, the necessity of unifying efforts of specialists in human sciences, and consideration of human communication processes from the physiological point of view. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  18. Fair Student Funding and Other Reforms: Baltimore's Plan for Equity, Empowerment, Accountability and Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frank, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Superintendent Andres A. Alonso arrived in Baltimore in 2007 with a vision for improving the city's struggling schools. His vision included empowering school leaders and creating accountability for student learning through a series of reforms that center around a new system for giving resources to schools, called Fair Student Funding (FSF). FSF…

  19. Baltimore School District on Upward Swing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Lesli A.

    2009-01-01

    Two years ago, only 150 students attended Holabird Elementary, then a K-5 school in the southeastern corner of this city. Competition from charters and from regular public schools in nearby Baltimore County had drained families from Holabird, a chronic underperformer. So when Andres A. Alonso, the chief executive officer of the Baltimore city…

  20. Working with Photography in the Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanzenbacher, Richard

    1997-01-01

    Describes an activity where students discover the similarities and differences between things. The activity advocates the fine art of observing, which is the basis for all critical thinking. Discusses how students explore selected photographs of Henri Cartier-Bresson and Andre Kertesz. (RS)

  1. Introduction to the Symposium on the Integration of the Arts into the Curriculum: Part 2. Experiences in Other Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bresler, Liora

    1995-01-01

    Introduces the symposium on arts integration in other countries. Provides brief summaries of the papers included and biographical information on the authors. Authors include Andre Karpati and Emil Gaul on Hungary, Shifra Schonman writing from Israel, Gary E. McPherson discussing Australia, and David Best on England. (MJP)

  2. Henri Matisse: Color and Light. Teacher's Guide. School Arts: Looking/Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brenner, Carla

    Henri Matisse painted "Open Window, Collioure" in the summer of 1905, when he and Andre Derain worked together in Collioure (France), a small Mediterranean fishing port near the Spanish border. This teaching guide discusses the painting "Open Window, Collioure" and Matisse's use of light and vibrant color. The guide provides…

  3. Entrer en litterature autrement (Entering Literature Another Way).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldenstein, Jean-Pierre

    1990-01-01

    It is suggested that in the study of literature it may be as instructive to look carefully at what is excluded from the conventional syllabus as to study what is in the textbooks. A poem by Andre Breton is used as an illustration. (MSE)

  4. Languages in Contact: Findings and Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinreich, Uriel

    A preface by Andre Martinet and a brief discussion of the author's approach to research introduce this descriptive study of bilingualism. Various aspects of interference--lexical, grammatical, and phonic are examined. Major emphasis is focused on the role and influence of socio-cultural setting and psychological factors inherent in bilingualism.…

  5. "La Symphonie pastorale" pour des etudiants moyennement avances ("La Symphonie pastorale" for Moderately Advanced Students).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. Ours, Kathryn

    2002-01-01

    Recommends the study of "La Symphonie pastorale," a novel by Andre Gide, for moderately advanced students of French as a second language. Presents various activities to be performed before, during and after reading the story, a pastor's journal, to help students understand the ironic aspects and ambiguities of the book. (AS)

  6. Surrealism and Film.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, J. H.

    This book is a critical, genre study of surrealist films including a general discussion of the backgrounds, influences, and overall traits of surrealism as a mode of artistic response to an absurdist world. Citing the impetus of Jacques Vache and Andre Breton as the originators of surrealism, the work expands upon the themes of fractured realism…

  7. Topological phase in a non-Hermitian PT symmetric system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuce, C.

    2015-06-01

    In this work, we consider a tight binding lattice with two non-Hermitian impurities. The system is described by a non-Hermitian generalization of the Aubry-Andre model. We show that there exists topologically nontrivial edge states for the system in the PT symmetric region.

  8. The West Point Treason in American Drama, 1798-1891.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shillingsburg, Miriam J.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses several plays concerning the treason of Benedict Arnold to demonstrate the changing taste in nineteenth century American drama. The plays move from neoclassic--with the depiction of the tragic stature of Andre--through the more melodramatic and gothic emphasis on Arnold's vengeful treachery to the unqualified romantic heroism of…

  9. Diagnostic Classification Models: Are They Necessary? Commentary on Rupp and Templin (2008)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorin, Joanna S.

    2009-01-01

    In their paper "Unique Characteristics of Diagnostic Classification Models: A Comprehensive Review of the Current State-of-the-Art," Andre Rupp and Jonathan Templin (2008) provide a comparative analysis of selected psychometric models useful for the analysis of multidimensional data for purposes of diagnostic score reporting. Recent assessment…

  10. A World of Drug Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horan, John J.; And Others

    This third chapter in "Elementary School Counseling in a Changing World" contains five journal articles which focus on substance abuse prevention. "Perspectives on Substance Abuse Prevention" by John Horan, Andres Kerns, and Christine Olson emphasizes how important it is for children to be able to say "no" to drugs and provides a review of…

  11. SIGNIFICANCE OF EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES FOR ASSESSING ADVERSE EFFECTS OF ENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING CHEMICALS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) is developing an endocrine disruptor screening and testing program to detect chemicals that alter hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) function, estrogen, androgen, and thyroid (EAT) hormone synthesis or metabolism and induce andr...

  12. Design of a Scalable Event Notification Service: Interface and Architecture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-08-01

    betta Di Nitto , Alfonso Fuggetta, Richard Hall, Den- nis Heimbigner, and André van der Hoek for their considerable contributions in discussing and...Engineering Task Force, June 1994. [2] G. Cugola, E. Di Nitto , and A. Fuggetta. The JEDI event-based infrastructure and its appli- cation to the development

  13. Dynamics and Stabilization of Materials Possessing High Energy Content

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-11-13

    Mesmaeker, Service de Chimie Organique , Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium Advanced Degree Awarded Zhenyu Zhang, Ph.D. Columbia Univeristy...Northvale, NJ 07647 8. Dr. Andre M. Braun, Institute de Chimie Physique, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, SWITZERLAND 9. Dr. J

  14. Presence of Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Gallinarum in commercial laying hens diagnosed with Fowl Typhoid Disease in Colombia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    : A severe outbreak of salmonellosis in commercial brown table egg layers first occurred in Colombia in 2006. From 2008 to 2012, 35 samples collected from commercial layers farms in the states of Cundinamarca, Santander, Bolivar and San Andres, were positive to Salmonella enterica. Salmonella (S) wa...

  15. Fielding: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulson, Ronald, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Ronald Paulson, A. R. Humphreys, Winfield H. Rogers, Ian Watt, Maynard Mack, Mark Spilka, Aurelien Digeon, Andre Gide, Arnold Kettle, John Middleton Murry, William Empson, George Sherburn, and John S. Coolidge--all…

  16. Allosteric Learning Model in English Lesson: Teachers' Views, the Instructions of Curriculum and Course Book, a Sample of Daily Lesson Plan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkant, Hasan Güner; Baysal, Seda

    2017-01-01

    The changes which occur during the learning process have been explained by many teaching-learning models and theories. One of these models is allosteric learning model (ALM) which was developed by André Giordan in 1989. This model was derived from a biological metaphor related to proteins. The interaction between individual and environment in a…

  17. Guidelines for Coding and Entering Ground-Water Data into the Ground-Water Site Inventory Data Base, Version 4.6, U.S. Geological Survey, Washington Water Science Center

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    OF COLUMBIA RIVER BASALT GROUP 122HMBF HAMMER BLUFF FORMATION 122HOH HOH FORMATION 122HWRD HOWARD ARKOSE 122IMNH IMNAHA BASALT OF COLUMBIA RIVER...Washington Code Rock Term Code Rock Term ALVM Alluvium LGNT Lignite ANDR Anhydrite LMSN Limestone ANRS Anorthosite LMDM Limestone and dolomite ARKS Arkose

  18. Sea-Shore Interface Robotic Design

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    Government. IRB Protocol Number: N/A. An exoskeleton platform was developed, prototyped and tested for mobility performance in a beachfront environment. New...for various beachfront terrains. Robotics, Robot, Amphibious Vehicles, Mobility, Surf-Zone, Autonomous, Wheg, exoskeleton Unclassified Unclassified...Advisor Andres Larraza Chair, Department of Physics iii THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK iv ABSTRACT An exoskeleton platform was developed, prototyped

  19. Phase Diversity Wavefront Sensing for Control of Space Based Adaptive Optics Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    WAVEFRONT SENSING FOR CONTROL OF SPACE BASED ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS by Richard J Schgallis December 2007 Thesis Advisor: Brij Agrawal...J Schgallis Approved by: Dr. Brij Agrawal Thesis Advisor Dr. Andres Larraza Co-Advisor Dr. Jae-Jun Kim Second Reader Dr...Control ..................................................................................... 35 B. EXPERIMENTS AND RESULTS

  20. Improved Transformation of Anthurium

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Methods to increase transformation efficiency and yields of transgenic Anthurium andraeanum Linden ex. André hybrids were sought while effecting gene transfer for resistance to the two most important pests, bacterial blight (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae) and nematodes (Radopholus simili...

  1. Flood Emergency Plan, Mount Morris Dam Genesee River Watershed, New York.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-10-01

    Ambrose Andre Ext. 2238 716-688-7506 NCBED-DM George Brooks Ext. 2231 716-694-2621 NCRED-D Joseph Foley Ext. 2225 716-834-6488 NCBCO James Brade Ext...1465 Home: 716-343-3196 D-3 Livingston County Office of Disaster Preparedness - Geneseo: David Harter Office: 716-243-0510 Home: 716-335-6873 Monroe

  2. Thermophysical Modeling of Novel Machinable Ceramic Materials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-01

    ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER Gonzalo Gutierrez. Departamento de Fisica , Facultad de Ciencias . L’niversidad de Chile. Casilla 653, Santiago, Chile...Walter Orellana, Departamento de Fisica , Universidad Andres Belio, Chile www.gnm.cl 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES

  3. The rise of the quantum machines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Millen, James; Xuereb, André

    2016-01-01

    Technological devices are getting ever smaller, but as they approach the scale at which quantum physics matters, our understanding of how they interact with their environment evaporates. James Millen and André Xuereb explain how a better understanding of quantum thermodynamics could kick-start a new industrial revolution on the tiniest scale.

  4. High Endoatmospheric Defense Interceptor (HEDI) Technology Testing Program Environmental Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-31

    Andres Mountains herd is the indigenous population of desert bighorn in New Mexico and represents a unique genetic stock. Intensive efforts have been...SCOMBRIDAE (TUNAS) Unident. small tunas x----- ZANCLIDAE (MOORISH IDOLS) Zanclu comnau x x x - - - SCARIDAE ( PARROTFISHES ) Scarus sordidus x x x

  5. Formal Schooling and the Aspirations of Stratified Rural Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dobson-Ingram, John R. A.

    The relationship between social and economic classification, mobility, and continuance in school was examined in the municipalities of San Andres Cholula, San Gregorio Atzompa, and San Felipe Teotlalcingo (Mexico). The premise was that the school was not a mobilizing agent within the community, but rather served to stabilize existing social and…

  6. A Numerical Modeling Framework for Cohesive Sediment Transport Driven by Waves and Tidal Currents

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-30

    are directly relevant to RIVET I & II where the seabed is mainly sandy or mixed sand-mud environments. 5 (a1) (a2) (b1...Direct simulation of a turbulent oscillating boundary layer. In Turbulent Shear Flows 6 (ed. J. C. Andre), pp. 417–440, Springer . Traykovski, P

  7. Low-frequency oscillations of a cylinder in a viscous fluid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amin, Norsarahaida

    1988-05-01

    The flow induced by a circular cylinder oscillating in a viscous fluid when the amplitude of the oscillation is small and the frequecy is low is considered. This solution, obtained by the method of matched asymptotic expansions, is compared with the solution obtained from an Oseen approximation to the governing equations by Andres and Ingard (1953).

  8. A Sense of Story: Essays on Contemporary Writers for Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, John Rowe

    This is an introduction to the work of 19 contemporary English-language writers for children. It consists of critical essays on the works of Joan Aiken, L. M. Boston, H. F. Brinsmead, John Christopher, Helen Cresswell, Meindert DeJong, Eleanor Estes, Paula Fox, Leon Garfield, Alan Garner, Madeleine L'Engle, William Mayne, Andre Norton, Scott…

  9. Proteomic Expression Patterns in Fathead Minnows Exposed to Trenbolone and Flutamide

    EPA Science Inventory

    Insights into androgen signaling in the liver of fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) was obtained using non-gel based proteomics analysis. We exposed female fathead minnows for 48 hr through the water to a prototypical androgen (17b-trenbolone, 5 ?g/L), a prototypical anti-andr...

  10. Langues et education en Afrique noire (Language and Education in Black Africa).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bearth, Thomas, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    Papers on language and education in Black Africa include: "L'enseignement des et en langues nationales au Zaire. Bilan d'une experience" ("The Teaching of and in National Languages in Zaire. Results of an Experiment") (Andre Mbula Paluku); "Langues et education au Rwanda" ("Languages and Education in…

  11. The Scattering of Partially Coherent Electromagnetic Beam Illumination from Statistically Rough Surfaces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-19

    L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, 1995). 27. A. Ishimaru, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation, and...Res. B 4, 223-235 (2008). 69. A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 3rd ed. (Artech

  12. Studies in Theatre and Drama; Essays in Honor of Hubert C. Heffner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brockett, Oscar G., Ed.

    The twelve essays (each by a different author) in this volume cover drama in a liberal education, comment on the tragic hero, remarks on "Hamlet" and "Hedda Gabler," notes on music and drama, comment on didactic drama, an examination of "Andre," studies of the Haymarket Theatre, London productions of American plays,…

  13. Defense AT and L. Volume 37, Number 5

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    Program Executive Officer, Tactical Aircraft Programs, U.S. Navy Photos by SSG Andre Reynolds , USA of production rates, sustaining the nation’s...to work with us as we continuously strive to be better. Most important, though, we thank you for being such great partners.” Army Brig. Gen. Jessie

  14. The Use of the Nominal Group Technique.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mortensen, Mark A.; Holmes, Dallas L.

    The Nominal Group Technique (NGT), developed by Andre Delbecq and Andrew Van de Ven at the University of Wisconsin in the 1960s, is used to enhance the generation, exploration, and communication of ideas relevant to problem-solving situations. The NGT is unlike other typical interacting group techniques in that individuals work in the presence of…

  15. The Lord’s Resistance Army: The U.S. Response

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-11

    August 4, 2011. 6 U.N. document S/PRST/2011/21 [Presidential Statement], November 14, 2011. 7 Kenneth Roth /Human Rights Watch (HRW), “A Plan B for...Allen. Zed Books: 2006. 24 Andre Le Sage, “Countering the Lord’s Resistance Army in Central Africa,” Strategic Forum, July 2011. Sudan and the LRA

  16. Neurotransmitter Amines in Hemorrhagic Shock.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-02

    a " " " " L ...T.L * * . .’-) . > - L -’ -.- -... Proctor/8 well with metabolic events in the brain. These preliminary investigations were purformed in a very...niroscopy). Surg. Forum 34:523-525, 1983. 3. Hamilton, W. F., Riley, R. L ., Attyah, A . M., Cournand, Andre, Fowell, D. M., Himmelstein, A ., Noble, R.

  17. 75 FR 59327 - Seventh Meeting-RTCA Special Committee 217: Joint With EUROCAE WG-44 Terrain and Airport Mapping...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-27

    ... RTCA SC-217/EUROCAE WG-44. Friday, October 29th. D-Taxi Coordination Report (Tiger Team). Andre Bourdais to report on the Tiger Team activities with Eurocae WG-78 (assisted by his co-chair). This will be an opportunity for SC-217/WG-44 to meet with the Tiger Team for detailed discussions and...

  18. Investigation Into the Role of C17orf79/COPR5 in E2F/DP Target Gene Overexpression in NF1 Microdeletion Syndrome

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    Gene Overexpression in NF1 Microdeletion Syndrome   PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: André Bernards Ph.D. CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION......Public Release; Distribution Unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT The5-10% of NF1 patients who harbor so-called microdeletions (µΔ

  19. 78 FR 42819 - Supplemental Identification Information for One Individual Designated Pursuant to Executive Order...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... Executive Order 13573 of May 18, 2011, ``Blocking Property of Senior Officials of the Government of Syria... Executive Order 13573 of May 18, 2011, ``Blocking Property of Senior Officials of the Government of Syria..., Adib (a.k.a. MIYAL, Andre; a.k.a. MAYALA, Adib); DOB 1955; POB Daraa, Syria; Governor of Central...

  20. Short-term Influences on Suspended Particulate Matter Distribution in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: Satellite and Model Observations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-15

    also observed all along the nearshore coastal waters. East of the birdsfoot delta within the island chain ( Breton and Chandeleur Sounds), higher SPM...Proceedings, 12’h Conference on 10AS-AOLS 2008, P2.9. 7. Forget, P.; Andre , G. Can satellite-derived chlorophyll imagery be used to trace surface

  1. Women in Higher Education Administration: A Book of Readings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Margaret C., Ed.

    The status and satisfaction of women in higher education administration are addressed in 29 articles. Contents include the following: Why Don't Women Aspire to Leadership Positions in Education (Sylvia-Lee Tibbets); Training Women for Administration (Rae Andre and Mary I. Edwards); Kindergarten: The Training Ground for Women in Administration…

  2. A New Classification System for the Actions of IRS Chemicals Traditionally Used for Malaria Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-08-08

    homes with wood walls and corrugated tin roof and were positioned 100 m from each other. The dimensions of the huts were 4 m wide65 m long63.5 m high...darlingi to DDT-sprayed house walls in Amazonia . Bull Panam Health Org 25: 210–217. 14. Chareonviriyaphap T, Roberts DR, Andre RG, Harlan HH, Manguin S, et

  3. "The Struggle for Welcome": Valuing Difference through Refugee Stories in the English Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Deborah; Fitzgerald, Dominique

    2014-01-01

    This paper is concerned with how refugee stories can be used as the means of exploring values and developing intercultural understanding in the English classroom. To illustrate this possibility, André Dao's (2005) "Vuot Bien--The Search for Freedom: Huong Thi Nguen's Story," about the impact of war and oppression on people's lives,…

  4. Integrating UAS Flocking Operations with Formation Drag Reduction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    S., and Carl A. Shollenberger. "Formation Flight of Birds." Science, 1970: 1003-1005. Marks, Paul. "Aviation - The Shape of Wings to Come." New...34Autonomous Flight Control and Software Literatire Review." Presentation, 2005. Nathan, Andre , and Valmir C. Barbosa. "V-like Formations in Flocks of

  5. Nine Years of Cooperation: The US-German Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Helicopter Aeromechanics 2003-2012

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    Pilot Assistance Systems, 36th European Ro- torcraft Forum, Paris, France, 2010 [71] Lusardi, Jeff A., Blanken, Chris L., Ott, Carl L., Malpica...2012 [93] Bauknecht, Andre , Sa, J.H., van der Wall, Berend G.: Expansion of the pre- scribed wake code of the rotor simulation program S4 with a CFD

  6. Characterization of Heavy Oxide Inorganic Scintillator Crystals for Direct Detection of Fast Neutrons Based on Inelastic Scattering

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    Approved by: Craig F. Smith Thesis Advisor Gamani Karunasiri Thesis Co-Advisor Andres Larraza Chair, Department of Physics iv...listen to my concerns. I am also grateful to Dr. Fabio Alves and Mr. Carl Oros for making their equipment and laboratories available for my use. The

  7. Mems-Based Waste Vibration and Acoustic Energy Harvesters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    Timothy J. Householder Approved by: Dragoslav Grbovic Thesis Advisor Bruce Denardo Co-Advisor Andres Larraza Chair, Department...MotionPro X3 high-speed camera with a Carl Zeiss MAKRO-PLANAR T*, 2-100 mm, ZF.2 macro-lens was used to observe the vibrational mode at 3910 frames

  8. 76 FR 27175 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... BLANCPAIN PHILIPPE PIERRE BLUM MARTHA BOEHM MICHAEL SCOTT BOMPAS GEORGE G. BONDOUX JAMES ANDRE BONELLI... KAY WADE COWDY KATHARINE JANE CRAIG GRENVILLE VERNON CRAMER JOSEPH CARL CRISSEY CHARLES ANDREW CUIC... LOUGHRIN TAMARA ZIMMERMAN LOUGHRIN TIMOTHY JOSEPH LOVETT LINDA BARNES LUNDBERG THOMAS CARL LUSH...

  9. 78 FR 52946 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ....... 170123 (13-05-3224P). Andre B. Ashmore, Village Commons, team.com/starr/LOMR/ President, Matteson, IL..., 46014. Westfield, IN 46014. Kansas: Johnson City of Overland The Honorable Carl City Hall, 8500 http..., Overland Park, KS 66212. Johnson City of Overland The Honorable Carl City Hall, 8500...

  10. Crossing the Aisle: Conversations about Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Mark

    2011-01-01

    This article presents edited transcripts of separate Skype conversations with Richard Ungerer, AMS executive director, in his office at AMS headquarters in New York and Andre Roberfroid, president of AMI, at his home in Vetraz-Monthoux, France. It also presents a discussion of the ways the two organizations can join forces to strengthen the…

  11. Hesse: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziolkowski, Theodore, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection contains essays by Thomas Mann, Andre Gide, Martin Buber, Ernst Robert Curtius, Oskar Seidlin, Hans Mayer, G. W. Field, Jeffrey Sammons, and the editor, Theodore Ziolkowski--all dealing with the biography and literary work of Hermann Hesse.…

  12. Case study for the identification and evaluation of rainfall-runoff models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaleris, Vassilios; Langousis, Andreas

    2014-05-01

    We investigate the modeling assumptions used in two rainfall-runoff models, namely the model ENNS (Nachtnebel et al., 1993) and the model MIKE SHE (http://www.dhigroup.com/), and study how those assumptions affect the effectiveness and quality of model fitting and runoff simulation. To avoid artificial effects caused by simplifications in the equations used in ENNS for the calculation of the outflow from two-outlet linear reservoirs, a new version of the ENNS code is developed that is fully compatible with the corresponding equations used in MIKE SHE. The two models are applied in a real-word case study, using 19-year long historical time-series of daily precipitation, temperature and runoff from Glafkos river basin. The latter is located near the city of Patras, in Peloponnese, Greece. Both models are manually calibrated using five years of the available data, whereas the remaining part of the data is used for model validation. The effectiveness of the models to simulate the runoff process is evaluated using (a) the relative model bias, (b) the criterion of Nash and Sutcliffe (N-S) and (c) the modified N-S-criterion calculated using the logarithmically or square root transformed observed and simulated flows. While both models describe the base- and inter-flow hydrological processes using the same conceptual model of linear reservoirs, they use different modeling assumptions to describe surface runoff and infiltration through the unsaturated zone. To that extent, the presented comparison sheds light to (a) the effectiveness of each modeling assumption to describe surface runoff and infiltration through the unsaturated zone, (b) the quality of model calibration, and (c) the optimality and robustness of the estimated parameters, common to the two models (thickness of the unsaturated zone, water content, field capacity, wilting point etc.). Differences in the simulated surface runoff, the infiltration and other runoff components, are not caused solely by the different

  13. Role of microbial iron reduction in the dissolution of iron hydroxysulfate minerals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, Elizabeth J. P.; Nadeau, Tracie-Lynn; Voytek, Mary A.; Landa, Edward R.

    2006-03-01

    Iron-hydroxysulfate minerals can be important hosts for metals such as lead, mercury, copper, zinc, silver, chromium, arsenic, and selenium and for radionuclides such as 226Ra. These mineral-bound contaminants are considered immobilized under oxic conditions. However, when anoxic conditions develop, the activities of sulfate- or iron-reducing bacteria could result in mineral dissolution, releasing these bound contaminants. Reduction of structural sulfate in the iron-hydroxysulfate mineral jarosite by sulfate-reducing bacteria has previously been demonstrated. The primary objective of this work was to evaluate the potential for anaerobic dissolution of the iron-hydroxysulfate minerals jarosite and schwertmannite at neutral pH by iron-reducing bacteria. Mineral dissolution was tested using a long-term cultivar, Geobacter metallireducens strain GS-15, and a fresh isolate Geobacter sp. strain ENN1, previously undescribed. ENN1 was isolated from the discharge site of Shadle Mine, in the southern anthracite coalfield of Pennsylvania, where schwertmannite was the predominant iron-hydroxysulfate mineral. When jarosite from Elizabeth Mine (Vermont) was provided as the sole terminal electron acceptor, resting cells of both G. metallireducens and ENN1 were able to reduce structural Fe(III), releasing Fe+2, SO4-2, and K+ ions. A lithified jarosite sample from Utah was more resistant to microbial attack, but slow release of Fe+2 was observed. Neither bacterium released Fe+2 from poorly crystalline synthetic schwertmannite. Our results indicate that exposure of jarosite to iron-reducing conditions at neutral pH is likely to promote the mobility of hazardous constituents and should therefore be considered in evaluating waste disposal and/or reclamation options involving jarosite-bearing materials.

  14. Role of microbial iron reduction in the dissolution of iron hydroxysulfate minerals

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Jones, E.J.P.; Nadeau, T.-L.; Voytek, M.A.; Landa, E.R.

    2006-01-01

    Iron-hydroxysulfate minerals can be important hosts for metals such as lead, mercury, copper, zinc, silver, chromium, arsenic, and selenium and for radionuclides such as 226Ra. These mineral-bound contaminants are considered immobilized under oxic conditions. However, when anoxic conditions develop, the activities of sulfate- or iron-reducing bacteria could result in mineral dissolution, releasing these bound contaminants. Reduction of structural sulfate in the iron-hydroxysulfate mineral jarosite by sulfate-reducing bacteria has previously been demonstrated. The primary objective of this work was to evaluate the potential for anaerobic dissolution of the iron-hydroxysulfate minerals jarosite and schwertmannite at neutral PH by iron-reducing bacteria. Mineral dissolution was tested using a long-term cultivar, Geobacter metallireducens strain GS-15, and a fresh isolate Geobacter sp. strain ENN1, previously undescribed. ENN1 was isolated from the discharge site of Shadle Mine, in the southern anthracite coalfield of Pennsylvania, where schwertmannite was the predominant iron-hydroxysulfate mineral. When jarosite from Elizabeth Mine (Vermont) was provided as the sole terminal electron acceptor, resting cells of both G. metallireducens and ENN1 were able to reduce structural Fe(III), releasing Fe+2, SO4-2, and K+ ions. A lithified jarosite sample from Utah was more resistant to microbial attack, but slow release of Fe+2 was observed. Neither bacterium released Fe+2 from poorly crystalline synthetic schwertmannite. Our results indicate that exposure of jarosite to iron-reducing conditions at neutral pH is likely to promote the mobility of hazardous constituents and should therefore be considered in evaluating waste disposal and/or reclamation options involving jarosite-bearing materials.

  15. Estimating the Organizational Cost of Sexual Assault in the U.S. Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    DoD under the DoD’s homosexual - conduct policy (United States Government Accountability Office, 2011). In an NPS thesis by Freddy A. Morales entitled...5,300 in 2008 (Dertouzosn & Garber, 2008). In the GAO’s report on costs associated with implementing the DoD’s homosexual conduct policy, the agency...Cost of Attrition: Army and Navy Results for FY2008” (2012) and the GAO’s report on implementing the DoD’s homosexual -conduct policy. Enns reported

  16. Analysis of Energy-Absorbing Foundations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-12-15

    1ENN51YVAN&A 5TATL UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK DEPT OF ENGI-CYTC F/S 13/h ANALYSIS OF ENERGY -ABSORBING POUNDATIONS.(U) ECC 78 V H NEUBERT, S Ji YIN DNA01-78...C-0036 UNCLASSIFIED DNA-48OFP NL "M~ENOMOEE MIflfl END ______ 1 32 112.2 MICROCOPY RILSOLUTION TEST CHIART LELL ,NA 480 MIL ANALYSIS OF ENERGY ...8217 REPORT & PERIOD COVERED Final Report for Period ANALYSIS OF ENERGY -ABSORBING FOUNDATIONS I Dee 77-1S Dee 78 6. PERFORMING ORG, REPORT NUMBER 7AUTHOR

  17. Conclusions of ESA 1st Optical Wireless Onboard Communications Workshop: Current Status and the Road Forward

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-07-13

    article est basé sur les contributions fournies par les industries de communications optiques sans fil, les industries spatiales et les universités ou...présenté à l’échelle Européenne l’état de l’art des techniques et des technologies ’communications optiques sans fil’ et de leur applicabilité dans le...emerges as a very interesting technology for coupling onto detectors or even into optical fibres , allowing on the other hand the modification of

  18. Engineer’s Refractive Effects Prediction System (EREPS). Revision 2.0

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-02-01

    summary for Marsden square 142 ..................... 142 1 30. PROPR display for X band frequency and geometries in the Greek Island experiment within...contains water vapor is given as N (n I) 106 77.6 p 3.73 x 10 eN-n- 0 ___ + _ ____ , ( 2) T T 2 I where e is the partial pressure of water vapor in...millibars or 3 e = x 6.105 exp( x ) 3) 100 where x - 25.22 x (T - 273.2) 5.31 x log e T T e 273. 2I p - atmosphere’s barometric pressure in millibars I T

  19. Fisheries Handbook of Engineering Requirements and Biological Criteria

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    ganlons/24 hrs - 694 gallons/minute 1 acre 43.560 square feet I knot = 1.1508 miles per hr 1 calorie = 0.0003968 BTU 1 calorie = 4.19 joules 1 joule ...Kerr, James E., "Studies on fish preservation at the smolt stages in relation to salinity and temperature." Contra Costa steam plant of the Pacific Gas...Kotkas, Enn, "Studies of the swimming speeds of 30. Gray, James , "How fishes swim." Scientific Ameri- some anadromous fishes found below Conowingo can

  20. Evidence-based Mobile Medical Applications in Diabetes.

    PubMed

    Drincic, Andjela; Prahalad, Priya; Greenwood, Deborah; Klonoff, David C

    2016-12-01

    This article reviews mobile medical applications that are commercially available in the United States or European Union (EU) and are (1) associated with published data of clinical outcomes in the peer-reviewed literature during the past 5 years, (2) cleared by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States, or (3) a recipient of a CE (Conformité Européenne) mark by the EU. Many of these applications have been shown to positively affect outcomes in the short term, but long-term studies are needed. Until more data are available, consumers and professionals can consider guidance based on FDA/CE status.

  1. Analysis of ground-water data for selected wells near Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, 1950-95

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Huff, G.F.

    1996-01-01

    Ground-water-level, ground-water-withdrawal, and ground- water-quality data were evaluated for trends. Holloman Air Force Base is located in the west-central part of Otero County, New Mexico. Ground-water-data analyses include assembly and inspection of U.S. Geological Survey and Holloman Air Force Base data, including ground-water-level data for public-supply and observation wells and withdrawal and water-quality data for public-supply wells in the area. Well Douglas 4 shows a statistically significant decreasing trend in water levels for 1972-86 and a statistically significant increasing trend in water levels for 1986-90. Water levels in wells San Andres 5 and San Andres 6 show statistically significant decreasing trends for 1972-93 and 1981-89, respectively. A mixture of statistically significant increasing trends, statistically significant decreasing trends, and lack of statistically significant trends over periods ranging from the early 1970's to the early 1990's are indicated for the Boles wells and wells near the Boles wells. Well Boles 5 shows a statistically significant increasing trend in water levels for 1981-90. Well Boles 5 and well 17S.09E.25.343 show no statistically significant trends in water levels for 1990-93 and 1988-93, respectively. For 1986-93, well Frenchy 1 shows a statistically significant decreasing trend in water levels. Ground-water withdrawal from the San Andres and Douglas wells regularly exceeded estimated ground-water recharge from San Andres Canyon for 1963-87. For 1951-57 and 1960-86, ground-water withdrawal from the Boles wells regularly exceeded total estimated ground-water recharge from Mule, Arrow, and Lead Canyons. Ground-water withdrawal from the San Andres and Douglas wells and from the Boles wells nearly equaled estimated ground- water recharge for 1989-93 and 1986-93, respectively. For 1987- 93, ground-water withdrawal from the Escondido well regularly exceeded estimated ground-water recharge from Escondido Canyon, and

  2. Interaction between complement regulators and Streptococcus pyogenes: binding of C4b-binding protein and factor H/factor H-like protein 1 to M18 strains involves two different cell surface molecules.

    PubMed

    Pérez-Caballero, David; García-Laorden, Isabel; Cortés, Guadalupe; Wessels, Michael R; de Córdoba, Santiago Rodríguez; Albertí, Sebastián

    2004-12-01

    Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A Streptococcus, is one of the most frequent causes of pharyngitis and skin infections in humans. Many virulence mechanisms have been suggested to be involved in the infectious process. Among them is the binding to the bacterial cell surface of the complement regulatory proteins factor H, factor H-like protein 1 (FHL-1), and C4b-binding protein. Previous studies indicate that binding of these three regulators to the streptococcal cell involves the M protein encoded by the emm gene. M-type 18 strains are prevalent among clinical isolates and have been shown to interact with all three complement regulators simultaneously. Using isogenic strains lacking expression of the Emm18 or the Enn18 proteins, we demonstrate in this study that, in contradistinction to previously described S. pyogenes strains, M18 strains bind the complement regulators factor H, FHL-1, and C4b-binding protein through two distinct cell surface proteins. Factor H and FHL-1 bind to the Emm18 protein, while C4BP binds to the Enn18 protein. We propose that expression of two distinct surface structures that bind complement regulatory proteins represents a unique adaptation of M18 strains that enhances their resistance to opsonization by human plasma and increases survival of this particular S. pyogenes strain in the human host. These new findings illustrate that S. pyogenes has evolved diverse mechanisms for recruitment of complement regulatory proteins to the bacterial surface to evade immune clearance in the human host.

  3. Computer-aided diagnosis system for classifying benign and malignant thyroid nodules in multi-stained FNAB cytological images.

    PubMed

    Gopinath, Balasubramanian; Shanthi, Natesan

    2013-06-01

    An automated computer-aided diagnosis system is developed to classify benign and malignant thyroid nodules using multi-stained fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) cytological images. In the first phase, the image segmentation is performed to remove the background staining information and retain the appropriate foreground cell objects in cytological images using mathematical morphology and watershed transform segmentation methods. Subsequently, statistical features are extracted using two-level discrete wavelet transform (DWT) decomposition, gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) and Gabor filter based methods. The classifiers k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), Elman neural network (ENN) and support vector machine (SVM) are tested for classifying benign and malignant thyroid nodules. The combination of watershed segmentation, GLCM features and k-NN classifier results a lowest diagnostic accuracy of 60 %. The highest diagnostic accuracy of 93.33 % is achieved by ENN classifier trained with the statistical features extracted by Gabor filter bank from the images segmented by morphology and watershed transform segmentation methods. It is also observed that SVM classifier results its highest diagnostic accuracy of 90 % for DWT and Gabor filter based features along with morphology and watershed transform segmentation methods. The experimental results suggest that the developed system with multi-stained thyroid FNAB images would be useful for identifying thyroid cancer irrespective of staining protocol used.

  4. Highlights of recent studies and future plans for the French human biomonitoring (HBM) programme.

    PubMed

    Fréry, Nadine; Vandentorren, Stéphanie; Etchevers, Anne; Fillol, Clémence

    2012-02-01

    This manuscript presents highlights of recent studies and perspectives from the French human biomonitoring (HBM) programme. Until recently, HBM studies focused on specific populations or pollutants to gain a better understanding of exposure to environmental chemicals, to help regulators reduce environmental exposure and to monitor existing policies on specific concerns. Highlights of recent multicentre biomonitoring studies with specific population or pollutant focus are given. These French HBM studies have been implemented to know: (1) the influence of living near an incinerator on serum dioxin and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels, (2) the influence of consuming river fish contaminated by PCBs on serum PCBs of fishermen, and (3) the evolution of blood lead levels in children from 1 to 6 years old since 1995. Special emphasis is placed on the use of an integrated (HBM coupled with nutrition and health studies), multipollutant approach. This approach has been initiated in France with a recent national population-based biomonitoring survey, the Etude Nationale Nutrition Santé (ENNS; French Nutrition and Health Survey). This survey will provide the first reference distribution for 42 biomarkers in the French population. The current national HBM strategy will build upon the ENNS and include a national survey of people aged between 6 and 74 years complemented for the neonatal period and childhood by the Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l'Enfance (ELFE; French longitudinal study of children). France also contributes to the harmonization of HBM activities in Europe through participation in European HBM projects.

  5. PBPK and population modelling to interpret urine cadmium concentrations of the French population.

    PubMed

    Béchaux, Camille; Bodin, Laurent; Clémençon, Stéphan; Crépet, Amélie

    2014-09-15

    As cadmium accumulates mainly in kidney, urinary concentrations are considered as relevant data to assess the risk related to cadmium. The French Nutrition and Health Survey (ENNS) recorded the concentration of cadmium in the urine of the French population. However, as with all biomonitoring data, it needs to be linked to external exposure for it to be interpreted in term of sources of exposure and for risk management purposes. The objective of this work is thus to interpret the cadmium biomonitoring data of the French population in terms of dietary and cigarette smoke exposures. Dietary and smoking habits recorded in the ENNS study were combined with contamination levels in food and cigarettes to assess individual exposures. A PBPK model was used in a Bayesian population model to link this external exposure with the measured urinary concentrations. In this model, the level of the past exposure was corrected thanks to a scaling function which account for a trend in the French dietary exposure. It resulted in a modelling which was able to explain the current urinary concentrations measured in the French population through current and past exposure levels. Risk related to cadmium exposure in the general French population was then assessed from external and internal critical values corresponding to kidney effects. The model was also applied to predict the possible urinary concentrations of the French population in 2030 assuming there will be no more changes in the exposures levels. This scenario leads to significantly lower concentrations and consequently lower related risk.

  6. Autosomic STR population data in two Caribbean samples from Colombia.

    PubMed

    Martínez, Beatriz; Caraballo, Luis; Gusmão, Leonor; Amorim, Antonio; Carracedo, Angel

    2005-08-11

    In this work, a sample of 124 unrelated individuals from San Andres Island and Santa Marta City (Colombia) was studied for the nine STRs included in the AmpFlSTR Profiler kit (CSF1PO, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D13S317, FGA, TH01, TPOX and vWA). Although these two populations are geographically apart, San Andres is an Island in the middle of Caribbean Sea (about 480 miles northwest the Colombian mainland) and Santa Marta City located in the coast, exact test showed no differentiation between both population samples (P=0.39445+/-0.0805). Therefore, allele frequencies and parameters of forensic interest were estimated for the global sample.

  7. [Electronic and structural properties of individual nanometer-size supported metallic clusters]. Final performance report

    SciTech Connect

    Reifenberger, R.

    1993-09-01

    This report summarizes the work performed under contract DOE-FCO2-84ER45162. During the past ten years, our study of electron emission from laser-illuminated field emission tips has taken on a broader scope by addressing problems of direct interest to those concerned with the unique physical and chemical properties of nanometer-size clusters. The work performed has demonstrated that much needed data can be obtained on individual nanometer-size clusters supported on a wide-variety of different substrates. The work was performed in collaboration with R.P. Andres in the School of Chemical Engineering at Purdue University. The Multiple Expansion Cluster Source developed by Andres and his students was essential for producing the nanometer-size clusters studied. The following report features a discussion of these results. This report provides a motivation for studying the properties of nanometer-size clusters and summarizes the results obtained.

  8. The experiments of Biot and Savart concerning the force exerted by a current on a magnetic needle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erlichson, Herman

    1998-05-01

    Francois Arago brought the news of Oersted's discovery of the effect of a current-carrying wire on a magnet to Paris on September 4, 1820. André-Marie Ampère and the team of Jean-Baptiste Biot and Félix Savart quickly set to work to establish a quantitative law for this effect. Their approaches were quite different. This paper describes the experiments of Biot and Savart and their results. It also briefly discusses the approach of André-Marie Ampère, who coined the name "electrodynamics" and whose fundamental formula gave the force between two infinitesimal current elements. Ampere's formula fell into disuse after the advent of Maxwell's field approach. Biot and Savart's experimental law, in the modern form of the differential magnetic field due to a current element, became the standard starting point for calculating the magnetic field due to steady currents.

  9. A Novel Field Deployable Point of Care Diagnostic Test for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    evaluate our RPA-LF diagnostic tool. Maxy de Los Santos, PhD from NAMRU-6 received training in RPA-LF diagnosis upon the technical visit of Alejandro...PhD1, Alejandro Castellanos, PhD1, Gerald C. Baldeviano, PhD2, Maxy B. De los Santos, PhD2, Peter C. Melby, MD1, Andrés G. Lescano, PhD2 1University...PhD1, Gerald C. Baldeviano, PhD2, Maxy B. De los Santos, PhD2, Peter C. Melby, MD1, Andrés G. Lescano, PhD2. 1University of Texas Medical Branch

  10. Taxonomic and floristic novelties for Echeveria (Crassulaceae) in Central Michoacan, Mexico

    PubMed Central

    García-Ruiz, Ignacio; Valentín-Martínez, Dagoberto; Carrillo-Reyes, Pablo; Costea, Mihai

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A new species, Echeveria coruana, is described and illustrated from the malpaís near San Andrés Corú, Michoacan, Mexico. The species belongs to series Gibbiflorae and the new taxon was compared with Echeveria purhepecha and Echeveria patriotica, with whom it shares the closest morphological affinities. Additionally, Echeveria yalmanantlaensis an endangered species from Sierra of Manantlán Biosphere Reserve, State of Colima, was also discovered near San Andrés Corú and is reported for the first time from the State of Michoacan. The conservation status of both species was (re)evaluated according to the criteria of the International Union for Conservation of Nature. PMID:28127240

  11. Taxonomic and floristic novelties for Echeveria (Crassulaceae) in Central Michoacan, Mexico.

    PubMed

    García-Ruiz, Ignacio; Valentín-Martínez, Dagoberto; Carrillo-Reyes, Pablo; Costea, Mihai

    2016-01-01

    A new species, Echeveria coruana, is described and illustrated from the malpaís near San Andrés Corú, Michoacan, Mexico. The species belongs to series Gibbiflorae and the new taxon was compared with Echeveria purhepecha and Echeveria patriotica, with whom it shares the closest morphological affinities. Additionally, Echeveria yalmanantlaensis an endangered species from Sierra of Manantlán Biosphere Reserve, State of Colima, was also discovered near San Andrés Corú and is reported for the first time from the State of Michoacan. The conservation status of both species was (re)evaluated according to the criteria of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

  12. Numerical Techniques and Cloud-Scale Processes for High-Resolution Models

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-30

    equations. In COAMPS and WRF , presently this is done using the finite difference method. The advantage of SE and DG methods is that they offer high...made famous by Andre Robert and the linear hydro - static mountain wave used by Durran, Klemp, Skamarock, and analyzed in detail by Ron Smith. We used...linear hydro - static mountain with a height of one meter and half width of 10 kilometers. The numerical solution is shown on the left panel and the

  13. Invariance of Conjunctions of Polynomial Equalities for Algebraic Differential Equations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-01

    non- linear hybrid systems by linear algebraic methods. In Radhia Cousot and Matthieu Martel, editors, SAS, volume 6337 of LNCS, pages 373–389. Springer...Tarski. A decision method for elementary algebra and geometry. Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 59, 1951. [36] Wolfgang Walter. Ordinary...Invariance of Conjunctions of Polynomial Equalities for Algebraic Differential Equations Khalil Ghorbal1 Andrew Sogokon2 André Platzer1 July 2014

  14. Evaluation of the propellant residues emitted during 105-mm Leopard tank live firing at CFB Valcartier, Canada

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    layer 2.5-cm below the surface. The muzzle blast from the Leopard tank’s 105-mm rifled gun was ferocious, churning up and moving the snow in the first...Evaluation of the propellant residues emitted during 105-mm Leopard tank live firing at CFB Valcartier, Canada Guy Ampleman, Sonia Thiboutot, André...420 December 2009 Evaluation of the propellant residues emitted during 105-mm Leopard tank live firing at CFB Valcartier, Canada Guy Ampleman, Sonia

  15. Is Back to Basics Logistics Where We Need to Go?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-22

    logistics community placed emphasis on developing standard operating procedures, introduced common supply stockage levels for units and support activities...everyone‘s focus. RML was rarely heard of again, although the ―transformation‖ buzzword still echoed halls. However, most of the energy was placed...on www.brainyquote.com (accessed on March 3, 2012). 8 L . Andre ed., Le Testament Politique du Cardinal de Richelieu (Paris, 1947) p. 480, as

  16. Modern Scientific Metaphors of Warfare: Updating the Doctrinal Paradigm

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-27

    and Peter Paret. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976) 87. 10. George Gamow , Biography of Physics (New York: Harper & Row, 1961) 93-97...and Tolstoy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978. Gamow , George . Biography of Physics. New York: Harper and Row, 1961. Gat, Azar. The Origins...of Alessandro Volta, Hans Oerstad, Andre Ampere, George Ohm, and Michael Faraday. Collectively, the work of these scientists would eventually redefine

  17. Physiological and Biochemical Measures of Stress Compared to Voice Stress Analysis Using the Computer Voice Stress Analyzer (CVSA)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-05-01

    Wynar, B. (1970). Tachycardia in house officers presenting cases at grand rounds. Annals of Internal Medicine, 72(2), 255-256. Motley, M. T. (1974...q.ANDR.EW EL, JI., PH.1) DOI) Poymph Iztituo (803) 751-5867 chict Research Dlyluion CA A A-0 ~ P~ 4 0 7. RECOMMUNVATION lVF lUIMfftTG OPFFIUI AGARI L~ A AC

  18. Why Ampère did not discover electromagnetic induction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, L. Pearce

    1986-04-01

    In 1832, after Michael Faraday had announced his discovery of electromagnetic induction, Andre-Marie Ampère claimed that he had actually discovered the induction of one current by another in 1822. In fact, he had, but did not really publish the fact at that time. This article explores the reasons for Ampère's failure to lay claim to a discovery that would have guaranteed him scientific immortality.

  19. Introduction to Pump Rotordynamics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-11-01

    RTO-EN-AVT-143 9 - 1 Introduction to Pump Rotordynamics Luis San Andrés Mast-Childs Tribology Professor Turbomachinery Laboratory Texas A... rotordynamics of turbomachinery, excessive vibration and instability. The acceptable performance of a turbomachine depends on the adequate design and operation...on rotordynamics . The basic equations for the modeling of linear rotor-bearing systems are given along with an example for the rotordynamics of a

  20. The World Factbook 2000

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    Andres Van Der increase electric generating capacity, a key to Fiscal year: calendar year HORST]; National Progressive Force or FNP continued economic...and Kuini SPEED]; Fijian Nationalist Party or FNP GDP - real growth rate: 7.8% (1999 est.) special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter...allowed to Inmarsat mobile earth stations; linked to Centr .al vlnerfrmltr evc American Microwave System of trunk connections; vlnerfrmltr evc 328

  1. The Effect of Resolution on Detecting Visually Salient Preattentive Features

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    of images of each scene at 100%, 75%, 50%, 25%, and 18.75% of the original image resolution. The Harrison and Etienne-Cummings ideal observer model...work. We would also like to thank Andre Harrison and Ralph Etienne-Cummings for their research on the ideal observer model (IOM). vi...information theoretic approach. Journal of Vision. 2009;9(3):1–24. 4. Harrison A, Etienne-Cummings R. A Entropy based Saliency model using Natural

  2. Corrigendum to "The impact of astronomical forcing on the Late Devonian greenhouse climate" [J. Glob. Planet. Chang. 120 C 2014 65-80

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Vleeschouwer, David; Crucifix, Michel; Bounceur, Nabila; Claeys, Philippe

    2014-11-01

    The authors regret that on p. 67 and p. 74, the word "heliocentric" should read as "geocentric". Thanks are due to Prof. Dr. André Berger for pointing to this semantic mistake. This clarification does not have any impact on the results and interpretation in any way, and the convention sin(ω˜) = 0 in March is well used consistently throughout the article.

  3. Analytic study on a state observer synchronizing a class of linear fractional differential systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Xian-Feng; Huang, Qun; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Song

    2014-10-01

    This paper is concerned with Theorem 2 in Matignon and d’André-Novel (1997) [1], which was sufficient and necessary criterion on a state observer for a class of linear fractional differential systems. Based on the stability theory, the dual principle and the pole assignment theory of the fractional differential system, we have proved the validity of sufficiency of Theorem 2 in details. A counterexample is provided to show that the condition of Theorem 2 is not necessary.

  4. Propagation and Attenuation of Lg Waves in South America

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    Alc6cer, I., 1989, Estudio de las ondas Lg en la estaci6n de LPA, a trav6s de la Cordillera de los Andes. Tesis de Grado , Universidad Mayor de San Andr6s...La Paz, Bolivia. 34 Ayala, R., 1989, Estudio de las ondas Lg registradas en la estaci6n de LPB, a trav~s del Escudo, Tesis de Grado , Universidad Mayor

  5. Venezuela’s Changing Foreign Policy Towards the United States: A Holistic Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-12-01

    few successful democracies in Latin America. It supports U.S. policy in El Salvador ; it is an important donor in the new Caribbean basin initiative...policy. Government spending increased while oil prices declined. The result was when Carlos Andres Perez took office in 1989 he inherited a...bankrupt state; total external debt was just over $29 billion.50 Upon assuming office Perez immediately implemented a textbook case of the Washington

  6. [A surgeon's fees in court (Vila Boa de Goiás, 1801)].

    PubMed

    Freitas, Lena Castello Branco Ferreira de

    2012-12-01

    The article explores the lawsuit brought by Surgeon-Major André Villela da Cunha Roza against Joanna da Fonseca Coutinha in Vila Boa de Goiás in 1801 to recover fees for his services. It examines the health care rendered to slaves, the scarcity and rising prices of these captives, the precarious training received by doctores and surgeons, and the ethical issues entailed in charging the fees in question.

  7. Review of Knowledge on the Occurrence, Chemical Composition, and Potential Use for Desalination of Saline Ground Water in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas with a Discussion of Potential Future Study Needs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    Basin and Range Province in Arizona. Information on the distribution of saline to moderately saline ground water in southern Arizona is contained in...Formation of Permian age in the eastern Basin and Range Province, • The San Andres Limestone of Permian age in the Pecos Valley and near the Zuni Uplift...The Capitan Limestone of Permian age near Carlsbad, • The Ogallala Formation of Tertiary age in the southern High Plains Province, • The Santa

  8. Fast Electrical and Optical Diagnostic Principles and Techniques: A NATO Advanced Study Institute.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-11-21

    ments and applications of X-ray micro- Flash radiography has always been scopy at Sandia National Laboratories, used and was primarily developed for...State University of New York- Buffalo France Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engr. 4232 Ridge Lea Road Dr. Christos Capellos Amherst, NY 14226 Energetic...80303 Dr. Javaid R. Laghari Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engr. State University of New York- Buffalo Andre Nicholas 4232 Ridge Lea Road Comissariat

  9. Biomechanical Factors in the Etiology of Tibial Stress Fractures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-08-01

    I, Laughton, C and Hughes, M. Can a dual function orthosis control rearfoot motion and attenuate shock? (in review) Foot and Ankle 31 Wills, J...McCrory, JL, Quick, NE, Ballantyne, BT & McClay, IS. Effect of a Resistive Dynamic Knee Orthosis on Muscle Activations During the Lateral Step Up...Morin, G., Clarkson, P. M., Andres, R. O. Exercise moderation of foot function during walking with a re-usable semirigid ankle orthosis . Clinical

  10. Leftist Terrorist Motivation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-08-01

    their way out of their own sheer boredom. Born and reared in comfort and even luxury these young men and women renounce their privileges as they join the...beginnings of significant activism among females. According to a 1978 article by Andres Kopkind in New Times the participation of women in terrorist movements...is indicative of the striving of women to break out of the narrowly structured roles society has pushed them into over the years. As is common among

  11. Review and Evaluation of Security Threats on the Communication Networks in the Smart Grid

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-01

    Review and Evaluation of Security Threats on the Communication Networks in the Smart Grid Zhuo Lu Xiang Lu Wenye Wang Department of Electrical and...relies on robust communication networks to provide efficient, secure , and reliable information delivery. Thus, the network security is of critical...importance in the smart grid. In this paper, we aim at classifying and evaluating the security threats on the communication networks in the smart grid. Based

  12. Defense Acquisition Research Journal (ARJ). Volume 22, Number 3, Issue 74, July 2015

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-05

    Fitzgerald Defense Contract Audit Agency Mr. Richard T. Ginman Office of Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy Mr. Andre J. Gudger Office of...results reveal excessively optimistic overrun projections throughout the life of the examined contracts despite project type and the military... monetary returns falls short. The featured book in this issue’s Defense Acquisition Professional Reading List is Richard Whittle’s The Dream Machine

  13. A Method for the Analysis of Tabun in Multisol Using Gas Chromatographic Flame Photometric Detection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-01

    ethoxy-phosphoryl cyanide (Tabun), Acta Chim.Scand. 1953; 7: 306-314. 12. Holmstedt B. Synthesis and pharmacology of dimethylamido-ethoxy-phosphoryl... cyanide (Tabun). Acta Chim. Scand. 1951, Suppl. No. 90, Stockholm, half-lives taken from figure 2, p 35. 13. Desire B, Saint-Andre, S...Anticonvulsant treatment of nerve agent seizures: anticholinergics vs diazepam in soman- intoxicated guinea pigs. Epilepsy Research 2000; 38: 1-14. 19

  14. Combat Development Study. Close Support Study Group 2 (CSSG 2). Volume 3. Main Report. Chapters 8-14 and Appendices A-G

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    etc. Additional problems are encountered while training and exercising in the specialized areas of night (unaided), night vision goggle, CBR, and...r’ently under development Is scheduled to be equipped with a target acqulsitlo’ designation system (TADS) and pilot night vision system (PNVS). The TADS...Caliber .50 1 M10936 Mask, Protective Tank *. M11895 Mask, Protective Field 3 M52650 DMD 1 M75577 Mount Tripod: M6 1 N04456 Night Vision Goggles: AN/PVS

  15. Nearshore Birds in Puget Sound

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-01

    T.R., B. Tweit, and S.G. Mlodinow (eds). Birds of Washington: status and distribution. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Or- egon...634. Andres, B.A. and G.A. Falxa. 1995. Black Oystercatcher (Haematopus bachmani). The Birds of North America 155:1- 20. Barjaktarovic, L., J.E...sachusetts. Buchanan, J.B. 2005a. Dunlin (Calidris alpina). Pages 161- 162 in Wahl, T.R., B. Tweit, and S.G. Mlodinow (eds). Birds of Washington: status

  16. Effect of Adipose Tissue-Derived Osteogenic and Endothelial Cells on Bone Allograft Osteogenesis and Vascularization in Critical-Sized Calvarial Defects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-10

    primary passage. The dif- ferentiating cells established specific morphologies; cells in OM displayed an osteoblast-like spindle morphology (Fig. 1A), and...that completed the study. FIG. 1. Morphology and characterization of differenti- ated OBs and ECs. The OBs ex- hibited a spindle cell morphology (A), and...R. En gineering vascularized skeletal muscle tissue. Nat Biotechnol 23, 879, 2005. 21. Rouwkema, J., de Boer, J., and Van Blitterswijk, C.A. En

  17. Indicators of Suicide Found on Social Networks: Phase 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-07

    Andrée E. Rose 5d. PROJECT NUMBER: 5e. TASK NUMBER: 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER: 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Defense...Personnel and Security Research Center Defense Manpower Data Center 400 Gigling Road Seaside, CA 93955 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER PERSEREC...staff and graduate students at the University of Utah’s National Center for Veteran’s Studies (NCVS) for clinical indicators of suicide and then

  18. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Saturation Characteristics of Pristine and Doped Polyacetylenes.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-11-11

    Polym. Sci., Polym. Lett. Ed. .17, 263 (1979). 34. B. Francois, M. Bernard and J.J. Andre, J. Chem. Phys., in press. 35. J.M. Pochan , H.W. Gibson and F.C...Bailey, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Lett. Ed. 18, 447 (1980). 36. J.M. Pochan , D.F. Pochan , H. Rommelmann and H.W. Gibson, Macromolecules 14, 110 (1981

  19. Worldwide Report, Arms Control.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    California another component of the planned system for ABM defense with space-based elements—an "electromagnetic cannon"—has been tested. ABC TV reports...Kulbitskiy ° FRG Trade Union Declaration Moscow: U.S. ’Subverting’ ABM Treaty With Amendments (Boris Andr’ianov; Moscow Domestic Service, 9 Dec 85) 7...Soviet General Details U.S. ABM Treaty Violations (V. Obinyakov; Moscow KRASNAYA ZVEZDA, 1 Jan 86) 9 TASS: Congressman Criticizes U.S

  20. 2009 Munitions Executive Summit

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-02-05

    Ordnance Safety (SEA 00V) and NAVSEA Deputy Commander for Surface Warfare (SEA 21) · BGen Michael M. Brogan, Commander, Marine Corps Systems ...Maneuver Ammunition Systems · COL Ole Knudson, Project Manager Conventional Ammunition Systems · COL Andre Kirnes, Project Director...Joint Services · COL Ray Nulk, Project Manager-Close Combat Systems · Mr. William (Bill) Sanville, Project Director For Non-Standard

  1. Swelling-Induced Folding in Confined Nanoscale Responsive Polymer Gels

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-16

    is a weak cat- ionic polymer that exhibits dramatic globulecoil transformation due to the protonation of the pyridine group below pH 4.0.5456 As a...on the pyridine ring.57 In the protonated state (below pH 4.0), the electrostatic in- teraction between the positively charged pyridine units and...re- moves hydrogen bonding and introduces Coulombic repulsion between protonated pyridine groups and the substrate. For this control system with

  2. The Revolutionary Left and Terrorist Violence in Chile.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-06-01

    Fraude Electoral Designada por la Facultad de Derecho de la Pontifica Universidad de Chile," in Libro Blanco del Cambio de Gobierno de Chile, Editorial...armed forces. Argentine police arrested Edgardo Enriquez, whom they deported to Chile. Humberto Sotomayor apparently left the movement, leaving Andres...often either deport them or sentence them to jail or internal -14- exile. The government seems able to capture the miristas who infiltrate into Chile

  3. Ocean Surface Wave Optical Roughness - Innovative Measurement and Modeling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    microsacle breaking waves from infrared imagery using a PIV algorithm. Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1961-1969. Phillips, O. M., Posner, F. L ., and Hansen , J...small as a millimeter. This characterization includes microscale and whitecap breaking waves. * Prof. Michael L . Banner, School of Mathematics...The University of NSW, Sydney, Australia Dr. Bertrand Chapron, Oceanography, IFREMER, Brest, France Dr. Andres Corrada-Emmanuel, Physics Dept

  4. Ocean Surface Wave Optical Roughness - Innovative Measurement and Modeling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-09-30

    F. L ., and Hansen , J. P. 2001 High resolution radar measurements of the speed distribution of breaking events in wind-generated ocean waves...small as a millimeter. This characterization includes microscale and whitecap breaking waves. * Prof. Michael L . Banner, School of Mathematics...The University of NSW, Sydney, Australia Dr. Bertrand Chapron, Oceanography, IFREMER, Brest, France Dr. Andres Corrada-Emmanuel, Physics Dept

  5. Counter-Insurgency in Cuba: Why Did Batista Fail

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-03

    influence on society.9 Cuba lacked a strong democratic tradition. The political traditions, transplanted by Spain to the New World, were feudal in nature...following causative factors: 1. Colonial history that emphasized a Spanish feudal model. 2. The respect for stronJ centralized authority embodied in the...by Andres Valdespino in the mid 1950s as a political organization dedicated to solving Cuba’s political instability. - Sociedad de Amigos de la

  6. The Absent Presence of the Parental Generation: Incest and the Ordering of Experience in The Sound and The Fury

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-25

    ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER United States Army Student Detachment Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana 46216-58201 9. SPONSORING/ MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND...160) Recognizing the interactive role of the reader in bridging the fragmented and disparate individual perspec- tives, Andre Bleikasten states : Reading...But then, what does Faulkner really tell his readers? He states no facts, rendering a series of raw impressions and experiences in a language that

  7. Computer Program for Vibration Prediction of Fighter Aircraft Equipments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-11-01

    scribing a useful variety of flight vibration phases . Notice that identical variations can be reflected into the high frequency rolloff curve (equation 13...flight attitudes ranging from straight and level states to a variety of significant flight maneuvers and phases . Pro- gram outputs, digital and...R (f) adjusted value of R(f) due to c (g 2/Hz) SBT (f) special function for the buffet turn flight phase PBT (f) pressure spectral density speqtrum

  8. Smallpox Antiviral Drug

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    various pox viruses ready for preclinical development. References 1. Andres G., A. Alejo, C. Simon-Mateo, and M. L. Salas. 2001. African Swine Fever Virus... African swine fever virus proteinases which cleave after the second glycine in a Gly-Gly-Xaa motif [11,12]. Comparative sequence analysis has...to the adenovirus pro- tease, the African swine fever virus protease, and an ubiq- uitin-degrading enzyme in yeast, as well as the identity of a

  9. A Hierarchy of Proof Rules for Checking Differential Invariance of Algebraic Sets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-01

    A Hierarchy of Proof Rules for Checking Differential Invariance of Algebraic Sets Khalil Ghorbal1 Andrew Sogokon2 André Platzer1 November 2014 CMU...COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A Hierarchy of Proof Rules for Checking Differential Invariance of Algebraic Sets 5a...of polynomial ordinary differential equations. Problems of this nature arise in formal verification of continuous and hybrid dynamical systems, where

  10. Trial by Science: A Forensic Extravaganza

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Vanessa

    2004-01-01

    "His handwriting checks out and his prints look pretty good. Move him to the top of the list," orders the 13-year-old captain. His co-detective makes appropriate procedural notes. "Bring the next one up. Get a foot measurement and let Andre print him before we talk." In another corner of the room, two girls administer a solemn oath to one of six…

  11. Development of an Adaptive Framework for Management of Military Operations in Arid/Semi-Arid Regions to Minimize Watershed and Instream Impacts from Non-Point Pollution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    Leonard Lane1 Andre Coleman Jerry Tagestad Damon Roberts2 1 L.J. Lane Consulting, Inc. 2 Yakima Training Center, Washington . December 2007... Yakima Training Center (YTC) in south-central Washington State. Results This report presents a Geographic Information System (GIS)-based decision...listed streams, including the Yakima River. Elevated water temperatures and increased sediment loads have contributed to a significant loss of

  12. Sympatric cattle grazing and desert bighorn sheep foraging

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Garrison, Kyle R.; Cain, James W.; Rominger, Eric M.; Goldstein, Elise J.

    2015-01-01

    Foraging behavior affects animal fitness and is largely dictated by the resources available to an animal. Understanding factors that affect forage resources is important for conservation and management of wildlife. Cattle sympatry is proposed to limit desert bighorn population performance, but few studies have quantified the effect of cattle foraging on bighorn forage resources or foraging behavior by desert bighorn. We estimated forage biomass for desert bighorn sheep in 2 mountain ranges: the cattle-grazed Caballo Mountains and the ungrazed San Andres Mountains, New Mexico. We recorded foraging bout efficiency of adult females by recording feeding time/step while foraging, and activity budgets of 3 age-sex classes (i.e., adult males, adult females, yearlings). We also estimated forage biomass at sites where bighorn were observed foraging. We expected lower forage biomass in the cattle-grazed Caballo range than in the ungrazed San Andres range and lower biomass at cattle-accessible versus inaccessible areas within the Caballo range. We predicted bighorn would be less efficient foragers in the Caballo range. Groundcover forage biomass was low in both ranges throughout the study (Jun 2012–Nov 2013). Browse biomass, however, was 4.7 times lower in the Caballo range versus the San Andres range. Bighorn in the Caballo range exhibited greater overall daily travel time, presumably to locate areas of higher forage abundance. By selecting areas with greater forage abundance, adult females in the Caballo range exhibited foraging bout efficiency similar to their San Andres counterparts but lower overall daily browsing time. We did not find a significant reduction in forage biomass at cattle-accessible areas in the Caballo range. Only the most rugged areas in the Caballo range had abundant forage, potentially a result of intensive historical livestock use in less rugged areas. Forage conditions in the Caballo range apparently force bighorn to increase foraging effort by

  13. Automated Coastal Engineering System: Technical Reference

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-09-01

    m··’· I .·. l ’j, :II . ,II fTJ11 ~ AUTOMATED COASTAL ENGINEERING SYSTEM TECHNICAL REFERENCE by David A. Leenknecht, Andre Szuwalski and Ann...Vicksburg, Mississippi 39180-6199 Version 1.07 September 1992 HECSA TECHNICAL LIBRARY Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public...1992 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Automated Coastal Engineering System: Technical Reference 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT

  14. Intensive Survey of Two Rivers Dam and Reservoir Project, Chaves County, New Mexico.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-11-01

    County, New Mexico (EIS 1973). There are actually two earthfill structures to control the floodpool, one astride the Rio Hondo and a second across a...River valley (Figure 1). The local hills are carved from Permian limestones and dolomites of the San Andres formation. The Rio Rondo drains parts of the...Pleistocene or earlier) when the local valleys were not as deeply cut -- as they are today. These materials were also used for chipped stone. The Rio

  15. On Equilibria of Bid-Ask Markets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-11-01

    impetus by Arrow, Gerard Debreu , and their colleagues. The demonstration that ’per- fectly* competitive complete markets, characterized by universal...192. "Noncooperative Equilibrium Concepts for Oligopoly Theory," by L. A. Gerard -Varet, 193. "Infiation and Costs of Price Adjustment," by Eytan...Andre Gerard -Varet. 338. "Qualitative Response Models: A Survey," by Takeshi Amemiya. 339. "The Social Costs of Monopoly and Regulation: A Game

  16. Tail Bounds for All Eigenvalues of a Sum of Random Matrices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-21

    purpose tools for study- ing the full spectrum of a finite-dimensional random matrix. The literature on random matrix theory ( RMT ) contains some...complementary results, but they do not seem to apply with the same generality. Methods from RMT fall into two rough categories: asymptotic methods and...R. Vershynin, Introduction to the non-asymptotic analysis of random matrices, http://www-personal. umich.edu/~romanv/papers/non-asymptotic- rmt

  17. Developing a Partnership with Brazil - An Emerging Power

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    Cultura e Opulência do Brasil ” (1711) was one of those who set the path of national pride, emphasizing the nation’s natural majesty and greatness. After...December 2003. See also Andres Cisneros, “ Un paso adelante con la relacion con Brasil ,” La Nacion, 29 December 2003; available from <http...and actually produced some arbitration contrary to its interests. 56 Ibid., 91. 57 “ Comercio I: Miami Produce un ALCA “Flexible,” Informe

  18. Why Efforts to Centralize the US Intelligence Community Fail

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    ARGUMENTATION, AND EXPRESSION. DR. EVERETT CARL DOLMAN (DATE) DR. RICHARD B. ANDRES (DATE) Disclaimer THE VIEWS EXPRESSED IN THIS ACADEMIC RESEARCH...248 Ibid. 249 David S. C. Chu and Nurith Berstein , “Decision Making For Defense” in New Challenges, New Tools for Defense Decision Making, Stuart...1995 BURROWS, WILLIAM E. DEEP BLACK. NEW YORK: BERKLEY BOOKS, 1986. CHU DAVID S. C. AND NURITH BERSTEIN , “DECISION MAKING FOR DEFENSE” IN NEW

  19. ["Anxiety glistens on our brows". Dream reports in literary works on the horrors of ghettos and concentration camps].

    PubMed

    Klein, J

    1991-06-01

    Dream reports occupy a special place in literature about confinement in concentration camps and ghettos (Robert Antelme, Charlotte Delbo, Anna Langfus, André Schwarz-Bart). They are central elements in the narrative that relate the anxiety of those threatened with destruction more faithfully than any realistic account could. They disrupt the chronological linearity and rationality and represent in images horror beyond memory or description.

  20. The Potential Scope for Use of Private Military Companies in Military Operations: An Historical and Economical Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    Anthony Mockler, The New Mercenaries, (New York: Paragon House, 1987), p. 15. 6 Andre Corvisier, A Dictionary of Military History and the Art of War...final foreign free company on the Italian peninsula was that of the Bretons . Hereafter, the Italian states only employed Italian mercenaries, which...War.80 F. CONDOTTIERI After the defeat of the Bretons in 1380, foreign-born free companies ceased to exist in Italy.81 Hereafter, in an attempt to

  1. Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: The Pattern of Russian Liberal Reforms and its Implications for Russia and the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    1991, Robert Gates, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, admitted before Congress that little progress was made in discerning the revolution’s...survival. Another was the largely artificial , centuries- old isolation from Europe, and the resulting ignorance and fear of the outside worle: a feeling...impressions of the Soviet Union, see: Andre Gide, Return from the USSR, trans. Dorothy Bussy (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964). 21 descriptions of Russia

  2. Calculating Path-Dependent Travel Time Prediction Variance and Covariance for a Global Tomographic P-Velocity Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    LLNL-3D global P-wave velocity model and its performance in seismic event location, presentation at the 2011 Seismological Society of America Meeting...CALCULATING PATH-DEPENDENT TRAVEL TIME PREDICTION VARIANCE AND COVARIANCE FOR A GLOBAL TOMOGRAPHIC P-VELOCITY MODEL Jim R. Hipp1, Andre V...06NA25396/LA09-IRP-NDD022 ABSTRACT Several studies have shown that global 3D models of the compression wave speed in the Earth’s mantle can

  3. The Role of Simultaneous Counternarcotics and Counterterrorism Operations in the Afghan Coin Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-22

    ABBREVIATIONS ANA Afghan National Army ANP Afghan National Police ANSF Afghan National Security Forces BSF British Special Forces CARL Combined Arms Research...gravity analysis of Carl von Clausewitz, the center of gravity of an enemy force can be effected through its critical requirements and capabilities... Andres Pastrana assumed the Colombian presidency. According to estimates, in early 1997-98 FARC’s revenue from the drug- industry amounted to $500

  4. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 58, Number 3 (Unclassified Articles from September 2014)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    bers are not listed for cover reasons. EDITOR Andres Vaart CENTER for the STUDY of INTELLIGENCE Washington, DC 20505 Studies in Intelligence C o n t e n...transcript of the proceedings. The 12 contrib- utors were Tennent Bagley (CIA retired); Barry Royden (CIA retired); Carl Colby (Producer/Director and William...Intelligence 51 No. 1 (March 2007). 6. See, for example, Carl Van Doren, Secret History of the American Revolution (Viking, 1941). 7. The best source for

  5. Tanker Fuel Efficiency: Saving Through Receiver Fuel Planning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-13

    Six years later, on January 1 through January 7, 1929, the U.S Army Air Corps accomplished a record-breaking air-to-air refueling. Maj Carl Spaatz...burner for another 12 years (Air Refueling Archive, 2009). Of note, three of the five crewmembers, Carl Spaatz, Ira Eaker and Elwood Quesada went on...implement the 2009 congressionally mandated office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense – Operational Energy Plans and Programs ( Andres , 2011). This

  6. Joining Forces: Preparing to Fight Coalition Air War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    on matters of this nature, it is worth remembering the prophetic words of Carl von Clausewitz “Everything in war is very simple but the simplest...alliances and re-weigh other 17 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. and trans. Michael Howard and...that hopes that the plan would succeed at Tora Bora were overly optimistic. Andres , Wills, and Griffith This chapter examines three historical

  7. The Underrepresentation of African Americans in Army Combat Arms Branches

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-04

    Economic and Manpower Analysis, USMA, for providing the required data for my research. I give thanks to Andre Thomas, my brother and friend, whose...correlation between the potential 61 Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, The Final Days (New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 1976), 194. 31...United States and partner nations.70 The US Army concept of Regionally 69 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, Edited and Translated by Michael Howard and

  8. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 58, Number 1, March 2014

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    EDITOR Andres Vaart C O N T E N T S Vol. 58, No. 1 (Extracts, March 2014) iii CENTER for the STUDY of INTELLIGENCE Washington, DC 20505...Representatives, particularly in the aftermath of 9/11. c By the end of 2001, Rumsfeld had formally asked SASC Chairman Carl Levin (D-MI) and its ranking...4. d Danforth, 4; Donald Rumsfeld to Sen. Carl Levin, 26 November 2001. Cambone would exercise authority, direction, and control over all

  9. Trust-Threshold Based Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Delay Tolerant Networks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-02-15

    indirect. X(£ + A£) I e-A"flt x rj(t), ifm*jand\\Ri\\=0 (4) if m * j and\\R{\\ > 0 The indirect trust evaluation toward nodej is given in Equation 4 above...node i knows that nodej is malicious when it is detected and a message is announced to the system, i.e.. when node/s place DCN (in Fig.l) is not zero

  10. Advanced Usability Evaluation Methods

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-01

    tracking in usability evaluation : A practitioner’s guide. In J. Hyönä, R. Radach, & H. Deubel. (Eds.), The mind’s eye: Cognitive and applied...Advanced Usability Evaluation Methods Terence S. Andre, Lt Col, USAF Margaret Schurig, Human Factors Design Specialist, The Boeing Co...TITLE AND SUBTITLE Advanced Usability Evaluation Methods 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT

  11. Kuroshio Variability on the Shelf of the East China Sea

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-07

    Il Chang School of Earth and Environmental Sciences Seoul National University Seoul 151-742, Korea Phone: +82-2-880-6747 Fax: +82-2-872-0311 E...in this work: Byung-Ho Lim (Graduate Student) at Seoul National University, and Dr. Jae-Hun Park (Marine Research Scientist) and Magdalena Andres...each of the four cruises. The field operations were conducted using R/V Onnuri of the Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (KORDI), T/V

  12. Localization-delocalization transition in self-dual quasi-periodic lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, M. L.; Wang, G.; Li, N. B.; Nakayama, T.

    2015-06-01

    Within the framework of the Aubry-André model, one kind of self-dual quasi-periodic lattice, it is known that a sharp transition occurs from all eigenstates being extended to all being localized. The common perception for this type of quasi-periodic lattice is that the self-duality excludes the appearance of a finite critical energy separating localized from extended states. In this work, we propose a multi-chromatic quasi-periodic lattice model retaining the self-duality identical to the Aubry-André model. In this model we find numerically a well-defined localization-delocalization transition at the mobility edges in contrast with the Aubry-André model. As a result, the diffusion of wave packet exhibits a transition from ballistic to diffusive motion, and back to ballistic motion. We point out that experimental realizations of the predicted transition can be accessed with light waves in photonic lattices and matter waves in optical lattices.

  13. Data Validation Package, December 2015, Groundwater Sampling at the Bluewater, New Mexico, Disposal Site, September 2016

    SciTech Connect

    Tsosie, Bernadette; Johnson, Richard

    2016-09-01

    Groundwater samples were collected from monitoring wells at the Bluewater, New Mexico, Disposal Site to monitor groundwater contaminants as specified in the 1997 Long-Term Surveillance Plan for the DOE Bluewater (UMTRCA Title II) Disposal Site Near Grants, New Mexico (LTSP). Sampling and analyses were conducted as specified in the Sampling and Analysis Plan for U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management Sites (LMS/PRO/S04351, continually updated). A duplicate sample was collected from location HMC-951. Alluvium wells are completed in the alluvial sediments in the former channel of the Rio San Jose, which was covered by basalt lava flows known as the El Malpais, and are identified by the suffix (M). Bedrock wells are completed in the San Andres Limestone/Glorieta Sandstone hydrologic unit (San Andres aquifer) and are identified by the suffix (SG). Wells HMC-951 and OBS-3 are also completed in the San Andres aquifer. The LTSP requires monitoring for molybdenum, selenium, uranium, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); PCB monitoring occurs only during November sampling events. This event included sampling for an expanded list of analytes to characterize the site aquifers and to support a regional groundwater investigation being conducted by the New Mexico Environment Department.

  14. Trans-Amazonian U-Th-Pb monazite ages and P-T-d exhumation paths of garnet-bearing leucogranite and migmatitic country rock of the southeastern Tandilia belt, Rio de la Plata craton in Argentina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martínez, Juan Cruz; Massonne, Hans-Joachim; Frisicale, María Cristina; Dristas, Jorge A.

    2017-03-01

    A garnet-bearing leucogranite and two country rocks from the Transamazonian Tandilia belt of the Rio de la Plata craton were studied in detail. The leucogranite contains garnet with homogeneous composition of pyr6(gros + andr)2spes5alm87. In a garnet-biotite migmatite, the core and rim compositions of garnet are pyr1.7(gros + andr)5spes5.6alm87.7 and pyr1.2(gros + andr)5.5spes6.7alm86.6, respectively. These compositions in a sillimanite-garnet-muscovite migmatite are pyr4(gros + andr)2.7spes2.7alm90.6 and pyr2.7(gros + andr)4spes3.2alm90.1, respectively. We used this information to decipher the P-T evolution of the rocks applying P-T and T-H2O pseudosections with the PERPLE_X computer software package taking into consideration deformational microstructures. The leucogranite records an isothermal decompression from 5.3 to 3.8 kbar at 665 °C. The garnet-biotite migmatite was exhumed from 5.5 kbar at 630 °C to 4.3 kbar at 615 °C and the sillimanite-garnet-muscovite migmatite from supersolidus conditions of 670 °C and 3.6 kbar to 625 °C at 2.4 kbar. Late andalusite formed in this rock. Seventy four analyses of 28 monazite grains of the country rocks yielded three groups of U-Th-Pb ages which were related to a collisional event (I: ca. 2.13-2.14 Ga.), a postcollisional thermal overprint (II: ca. 2.01 Ga) and slow cooling of the orogen (III: 1.80-1.90 Ga). Inherited ages of 2.28 and 2.25 Ga could refer to an early accretionary stage of the orogen. An age of 2.41 Ga indicates the presence of recycled Siderian continental crust. Synkinematic crystallization of melts and the subsolidus development of an S2-foliation, demonstrated by deformational microstructures, occurred during the exhumation of the studied area from depths of 18 km to 8 km in the time interval 2.01-1.90 Ga.

  15. Availability of ground water in the Gallup area, New Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    West, Samuel Wilson

    1961-01-01

    A thick succession of sedimentary rocks (about 6,000 feet) underlies the town of Gallup and crops out nearby. Although all the sedimentary rocks are capable of yielding some water, only a few units of sandstone and limestone yield water in sufficient quantity and of acceptable quality to be considered as sources of large supplies. The five stratigraphic units that are most productive of ground water form three aquifers, as follows: (a) the Glorieta sandstone and San Andres limestone, (b) the Westwater Canyon member of the Morrison formation and the Dakota sandstone, and (e) the Gallup sandstone. The Glorieta sandstone yields only small amounts of water to wells, except where it is intensely fractured. It probably contributes large amounts of water to the overlying, more permeable San Andres limestone by slow vertical leakage over large areas, as water is withdrawn from the San Andres. The San Andres limestone is discontinuous in the eastern part of the area, wedging out entirely a few miles east of Gallup. Its permeability varies widely because locally the permeability has been greatly increased by fractures and solution channels. On the north flank of the Zuni Mountains, near its outcrop, the San Andres yields as much as 1,100 gpm (gallons per minute) of water to wells. The specific capacity of wells that tap the aquifer formed by this Glorieta sandstone and San Andres limestone ranges from 0.1 to 29 gpm per foot of drawdown. In general, the water in the Glorieta sandstone and San Andres limestone is hard, because it contains much calcium. Both bicarbonate and sulfate anions are abundant. The chemical quality of the water deteriorates with increasing distance from the outcrop. The Westwater Canyon member of the Morrison formation and the Dakota sandstone form a single hydrologic unit extending from about 5 miles east of Gallup westward into Arizona. To the east they are separated by shale of the Brushy Basin member of the Morrison formation. The water

  16. Deoxynivalenol and other selected Fusarium toxins in Swedish oats--occurrence and correlation to specific Fusarium species.

    PubMed

    Fredlund, Elisabeth; Gidlund, Ann; Sulyok, Michael; Börjesson, Thomas; Krska, Rudolf; Olsen, Monica; Lindblad, Mats

    2013-10-15

    Fusarium moulds frequently contaminate oats and other cereals world-wide, including those grown in Northern Europe. To investigate the presence of toxigenic Fusarium species and their toxins in oats, samples were taken during 2010 and 2011 in three geographical regions of Sweden (east, west, south). The samples were analysed by real-time PCR for the specific infection level of seven Fusarium species associated with oats and other cereals (Fusarium poae, Fusarium graminearum, Fusarium langsethiae, Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium tricinctum, Fusarium sporotrichioides and Fusarium avenaceum) and with a multi-mycotoxin method based on liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-MS/MS) for the detection of many fungal metabolites, including deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZEA), nivalenol (NIV), T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxins, moniliformin (MON), beauvericin (BEA) and enniatins (ENNs). Most samples contained at least four of the seven Fusarium species analysed and F. poae, F. langsethiae and F. avenaceum were present in approximately 90-100% of all samples. The most common toxins detected were DON, NIV, BEA and ENNs, which were present in more than 90% of samples. Most Fusarium species and their toxins occurred in higher concentrations in 2010 than in 2011, with the exception of DON and its main producer F. graminearum. Significant regional differences were detected for some moulds and mycotoxins, with higher levels of F. graminearum, DON and ZEA in western Sweden than in the east (P<0.05) and higher levels of F. tricinctum and MON in the south (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed significant correlations between many Fusarium species and toxin levels. For example, F. tricinctum was significantly correlated to F. avenaceum (r = 0.72, P<0.001), DON to ZEA (r = 0.52, P<0.001), DON to F. graminearum (r = 0.77, P<0.001) and the sum of T-2 and HT-2 to F. langsethiae (r = 0.77, P<0.001). The multi-toxin approach employed allowed simultaneous

  17. 20. 'Erection Plan, Renewal of Bridge 210 C over Sacramento ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. 'Erection Plan, Renewal of Bridge 210 C over Sacramento River near Tehama, Calif., 3 140'-0' S. T. Riveted Thru Truss Spans, 17'-9' C. to C. Trusses, 31'-0' C. To C. Chords. U.S.S. P. Co. Pacific Coast Dept., Order No. SF 604, Southern Pacific Co., Order No. 51168-P-38428, 1925 Specifications, Scale in. ft., American Bridge Co., Ambridge Plant, Dwgs. made at Ambridge No. 5 in charge of Reehl, Detailed by W.F.R., Date, Checked by L.A.E., Date 1/5/29, Fld. conn. chk. by ENN, Date 3/9/29, Order No. F5659, Sheet No. E3.' - Southern Pacific Railroad Shasta Route, Bridge No. 210.52, Milepost 210.52, Tehama, Tehama County, CA

  18. Bernard Zappoli's contribution to the French scientific life

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prud'homme, Roger

    2017-01-01

    In November 2014, at the annual meeting of the research group "Fundamental and Applied Microgravity" held in Carqueiranne, France, I was asked to speak on Bernard Zappoli and his accomplishments. The following is an edited transcription of the speech delivered in his honor following his recent retirement as the Head of The Physical Science Programme at the French Space Agency (CNES). After an introduction outlining his human qualities and retirement as engineer emeritus, his career is summarized. It then details the scientific activities he has undertaken during different periods of his career at several universities, the European Society of Propulsion ("Société européenne de propulsion", SEP), and the CNES. Special attention is devoted to the research groups at the CNES/CNRS that we initiated and the management of which I had been sharing with him for several years. Allusion is made to his recent and new retiree activities.

  19. Italian Exposition

    SciTech Connect

    2006-10-11

    Le DG parle dans son allocution à l'occasion de l'exposition (suivi d'une visite)de la contribution du Cern à la création d'une espace de la technologie européenne. Il parle de la manière comment organiser des formes fructueuses de coopération et coordination internationales dans ce domaine. "Afin de renforcer encore notre relation avec l'industrie et intensifier le transfert de la technologie nous proposerons au ministre de recherche de poursuivre dans le cadre du programme EUREKA ensemble avec les industries des programmes concrètes." Le ministre italien prend ensuite la parole.

  20. Peer Ratings: Scoring Strategy Development and Reliability Demonstration on Air Force Basic Trainees

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    IIfl.tN.G’l P CtP e eIeec see gItg deee Seoe atV LLr Igg4 ~?eeoe ae eeee esseaeeeee x : 4o em eN..N w C g, IIge ee e, e g v iee eew ee ea satee (A 0...lAum o 0 C ILd IA 02 1 0C w W Li -t 0 It.4 ~N NNSmf* .tAoL 10 a .- 0m e .4 N " 0) S in to% to to It . o401 aaP a C j% 4CtC 4CI . j-S$ 4 UN*** to

  1. About SEFI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruprecht, Robert

    SEFI stands for Société Européenne pour la Formation des Ingénieurs (European Society of Engineering Education). This society, founded in 1973, is presented on the background of European educational tradition. SEFI is one of two European societies dedicated to the question of engineering education. For a long time, SEFI represented rather the western and northern part of Europe, while its sister organization IGIP (Internationale Gesellschaft für Ingenieurpädagogik - International Society for Engineering Pedagogy) concentrated on Middle and Eastern Europe. Nowadays, the two societies are working together and cover more or less all of Europe. SEFI’s activities, outreach, links, projects, and prospects are described and characterized. SEFI is not just involved with didactical questions. The society also takes an active role in the shaping of the European landscape of engineering education being member or partner of in a number of societies and contributing actively to EU projects.

  2. Paralysie flasque en début de grossesse: penser à l'hypokaliémie due aux vomissements gravidiques, à propos de deux observations dans un pays en voie de développement

    PubMed Central

    Fall, Maouly

    2015-01-01

    Les vomissements gravidiques peuvent être responsables de rares complications neuromusculaires mais graves notamment la paralysie hypokaliémique. Nous rapportons des observations de deux jeunes femmes d'origine guinéenne, sans histoires familiales ni antécédents particuliers, admises pour paralysie flasque des quatre membres dans un contexte de vomissements incoercibles en début de grossesse. Le bilan retrouvait une hypokaliémie majeure associée à quelques troubles électro-cardiographiques. L'apport de potassium par voie parentérale avait permis une récupération motrice totale. La paralysie hypokaliémique est une complication rare des vomissements gravidiques. Une supplémentation potassique prudente avec une surveillance électro-cardiographique et biologique permet une disparition spectaculaire des troubles neuromusculaires. PMID:26327956

  3. Italian Exposition

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Le DG parle dans son allocution à l'occasion de l'exposition (suivi d'une visite)de la contribution du Cern à la création d'une espace de la technologie européenne. Il parle de la manière comment organiser des formes fructueuses de coopération et coordination internationales dans ce domaine. "Afin de renforcer encore notre relation avec l'industrie et intensifier le transfert de la technologie nous proposerons au ministre de recherche de poursuivre dans le cadre du programme EUREKA ensemble avec les industries des programmes concrètes." Le ministre italien prend ensuite la parole.

  4. The Ultimaster Biodegradable-Polymer Sirolimus-Eluting Stent: An Updated Review of Clinical Evidence.

    PubMed

    Chisari, Alberto; Pistritto, Anna Maria; Piccolo, Raffaele; La Manna, Alessio; Danzi, Gian Battista

    2016-09-06

    The Ultimaster coronary stent system (Terumo Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) represents a new iteration in drug-eluting stent (DES) technology that has recently received the Conformité Européenne (CE) mark approval for clinical use. The Ultimaster is a thin-strut, cobalt chromium, biodegradable-polymer, sirolimus-eluting coronary stent. The high elasticity of the biodegradable-polymer (PDLLA-PCL) and the abluminal gradient coating technology are additional novel features of this coronary device. The Ultimaster DES has undergone extensive clinical evaluation in two studies: The CENTURY I and II trials. Results from these two landmark studies suggested an excellent efficacy and safety profile of the Ultimaster DES across several lesion and patient subsets, with similar clinical outcomes to contemporary, new-generation DES. The aim of this review is to summarize the rationale behind this novel DES technology and to provide an update of available evidence about the clinical performance of the Ultimaster DES.

  5. The Ultimaster Biodegradable-Polymer Sirolimus-Eluting Stent: An Updated Review of Clinical Evidence

    PubMed Central

    Chisari, Alberto; Pistritto, Anna Maria; Piccolo, Raffaele; La Manna, Alessio; Danzi, Gian Battista

    2016-01-01

    The Ultimaster coronary stent system (Terumo Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) represents a new iteration in drug-eluting stent (DES) technology that has recently received the Conformité Européenne (CE) mark approval for clinical use. The Ultimaster is a thin-strut, cobalt chromium, biodegradable-polymer, sirolimus-eluting coronary stent. The high elasticity of the biodegradable-polymer (PDLLA-PCL) and the abluminal gradient coating technology are additional novel features of this coronary device. The Ultimaster DES has undergone extensive clinical evaluation in two studies: The CENTURY I and II trials. Results from these two landmark studies suggested an excellent efficacy and safety profile of the Ultimaster DES across several lesion and patient subsets, with similar clinical outcomes to contemporary, new-generation DES. The aim of this review is to summarize the rationale behind this novel DES technology and to provide an update of available evidence about the clinical performance of the Ultimaster DES. PMID:27608017

  6. Les Brulures Chimiques Par Le Laurier Rose

    PubMed Central

    Bakkali, H.; Ababou, M.; Nassim Sabah, T.; Moussaoui, A.; Ennouhi, A.; Fouadi, F.Z.; Siah, S.; Ihrai, H.

    2010-01-01

    Summary Le laurier rose ou Nerium oleander est un arbuste qui pousse naturellement dans les régions méditerranéennes. Au Maroc on le trouve dans les lieux humides. Il est réputé par ses risques de toxicité systémique en cas d'empoisonnement à cause de la présence de deux alcaloïdes, surtout l'oléandrine. La littérature illustre des cas d'utilisation locale des feuilles de cette plante contre la gale, les hémorroïdes et les furoncles. Nous rapportons deux cas de brûlures chimiques par le laurier rose de gravité différente. Cela doit aboutir à une information élargie de la population, ainsi qu'une réglementation stricte de sa commercialisation. PMID:21991211

  7. Surface EMG-based Sketching Recognition Using Two Analysis Windows and Gene Expression Programming

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Zhongliang; Chen, Yumiao

    2016-01-01

    Sketching is one of the most important processes in the conceptual stage of design. Previous studies have relied largely on the analyses of sketching process and outcomes; whereas surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals associated with sketching have received little attention. In this study, we propose a method in which 11 basic one-stroke sketching shapes are identified from the sEMG signals generated by the forearm and upper arm muscles from 4 subjects. Time domain features such as integrated electromyography, root mean square and mean absolute value were extracted with analysis windows of two length conditions for pattern recognition. After reducing data dimensionality using principal component analysis, the shapes were classified using Gene Expression Programming (GEP). The performance of the GEP classifier was compared to the Back Propagation neural network (BPNN) and the Elman neural network (ENN). Feature extraction with the short analysis window (250 ms with a 250 ms increment) improved the recognition rate by around 6.4% averagely compared with the long analysis window (2500 ms with a 2500 ms increment). The average recognition rate for the eleven basic one-stroke sketching patterns achieved by the GEP classifier was 96.26% in the training set and 95.62% in the test set, which was superior to the performance of the BPNN and ENN classifiers. The results show that the GEP classifier is able to perform well with either length of the analysis window. Thus, the proposed GEP model show promise for recognizing sketching based on sEMG signals. PMID:27790083

  8. Relationship between Fusarium spp. diversity and mycotoxin contents of mature grains in southern Belgium.

    PubMed

    Hellin, Pierre; Dedeurwaerder, Géraldine; Duvivier, Maxime; Scauflaire, Jonathan; Huybrechts, Bart; Callebaut, Alfons; Munaut, Françoise; Legrève, Anne

    2016-07-01

    Over a 4-year period (2010-13), a survey aiming at determining the occurrence of Fusarium spp. and their relations to mycotoxins in mature grains took place in southern Belgium. The most prevalent species were F. graminearum, F. avenaceum, F. poae and F. culmorum, with large variations between years and locations. An even proportion of mating type found for F. avenaceum, F. culmorum, F. cerealis and F. tricinctum is usually a sign of ongoing sexual recombination. In contrast, an unbalanced proportion of mating type was found for F. poae and no MAT1-2 allele was present in the F. langsethiae population. Genetic chemotyping indicates a majority of deoxynivalenol (DON)-producing strains in F. culmorum (78%, all 3-ADON producers) and F. graminearum (95%, mostly 15-ADON producers), while all F. cerealis strains belong to the nivalenol (NIV) chemotype. Between 2011 and 2013, DON, NIV, enniatins (ENNs) and moniliformin (MON) were found in each field in various concentrations. By comparison, beauvericin (BEA) was scarcely detected and T-2 toxin, zearalenone and α- and β-zearalenols were never detected. Principal component analysis revealed correlations of DON with F. graminearum, ENNs and MON with F. avenaceum and NIV with F. culmorum, F. cerealis and F. poae. BEA was associated with the presence of F. tricinctum and, to a lesser extent, with the presence of F. poae. The use of genetic chemotype data revealed that DON concentrations were mostly influenced by DON-producing strains of F. graminearum and F. culmorum, whereas the concentrations of NIV were influenced by the number of NIV-producing strains of both species added to the number of F. cerealis and F. poae strains. This study emphasises the need to pay attention to less-studied Fusarium spp. for future Fusarium head blight management strategies, as they commonly co-occur in the field and are associated with a broad spectrum of mycotoxins.

  9. PBPK and population modelling to interpret urine cadmium concentrations of the French population

    SciTech Connect

    Béchaux, Camille; Bodin, Laurent; Clémençon, Stéphan; Crépet, Amélie

    2014-09-15

    As cadmium accumulates mainly in kidney, urinary concentrations are considered as relevant data to assess the risk related to cadmium. The French Nutrition and Health Survey (ENNS) recorded the concentration of cadmium in the urine of the French population. However, as with all biomonitoring data, it needs to be linked to external exposure for it to be interpreted in term of sources of exposure and for risk management purposes. The objective of this work is thus to interpret the cadmium biomonitoring data of the French population in terms of dietary and cigarette smoke exposures. Dietary and smoking habits recorded in the ENNS study were combined with contamination levels in food and cigarettes to assess individual exposures. A PBPK model was used in a Bayesian population model to link this external exposure with the measured urinary concentrations. In this model, the level of the past exposure was corrected thanks to a scaling function which account for a trend in the French dietary exposure. It resulted in a modelling which was able to explain the current urinary concentrations measured in the French population through current and past exposure levels. Risk related to cadmium exposure in the general French population was then assessed from external and internal critical values corresponding to kidney effects. The model was also applied to predict the possible urinary concentrations of the French population in 2030 assuming there will be no more changes in the exposures levels. This scenario leads to significantly lower concentrations and consequently lower related risk. - Highlights: • Interpretation of urine cadmium concentrations in France • PBPK and Bayesian population modelling of cadmium exposure • Assessment of the historic time-trend of the cadmium exposure in France • Risk assessment from current and future external and internal exposure.

  10. Surface EMG-based Sketching Recognition Using Two Analysis Windows and Gene Expression Programming.

    PubMed

    Yang, Zhongliang; Chen, Yumiao

    2016-01-01

    Sketching is one of the most important processes in the conceptual stage of design. Previous studies have relied largely on the analyses of sketching process and outcomes; whereas surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals associated with sketching have received little attention. In this study, we propose a method in which 11 basic one-stroke sketching shapes are identified from the sEMG signals generated by the forearm and upper arm muscles from 4 subjects. Time domain features such as integrated electromyography, root mean square and mean absolute value were extracted with analysis windows of two length conditions for pattern recognition. After reducing data dimensionality using principal component analysis, the shapes were classified using Gene Expression Programming (GEP). The performance of the GEP classifier was compared to the Back Propagation neural network (BPNN) and the Elman neural network (ENN). Feature extraction with the short analysis window (250 ms with a 250 ms increment) improved the recognition rate by around 6.4% averagely compared with the long analysis window (2500 ms with a 2500 ms increment). The average recognition rate for the eleven basic one-stroke sketching patterns achieved by the GEP classifier was 96.26% in the training set and 95.62% in the test set, which was superior to the performance of the BPNN and ENN classifiers. The results show that the GEP classifier is able to perform well with either length of the analysis window. Thus, the proposed GEP model show promise for recognizing sketching based on sEMG signals.

  11. Putative implication of alpha-amylase loop 7 in the mechanism of substrate binding and reaction products release.

    PubMed

    André, G; Tran, V

    2004-10-05

    Alpha-amylases are widespread endo-enzymes involved in the hydrolysis of internal alpha-(1,4) glycosidic linkages of starch polymers. Molecular modeling of amylose-amylase interactions is a step toward enzymatic mechanism understanding and rational design of new enzymes. From the crystallographic complex of barley alpha-amylase AMY2-acarbose, the static aspects of amylose-amylase docking have been characterized with a model of maltododecaose (DP12) (G. André, A. Buléon, R. Haser, and V. Tran, Biopolymers 1999, Vol. 50, pp. 751-762; G. André and V. Tran, Special Publication no. 246 1999, The Royal Society of Chemistry, H. J. Gilbert, G. J. Davies, B. Henrissat, and B. Svensson, Eds., Cambridge, pp. 165-174). These studies, consistent with the experimental subsite mapping (K. Bak-Jensen, G. André, V. Tran, and B. Svensson, Journal of Biological Chemistry, to be published), propose a propagation scheme for an amylose chain in the active cleft of AMY2. The topographical overview of alpha-amylases identified loop 7 as a conserved segment flanking the active site. Since some crystallographic experiments suspected its high flexibility, its putative motion was explored through a robotic scheme, an alternate route to dynamics simulations that consume CPU time. The present article describes the characteristics of the flexibility of loop 7: location and motion in AMY2. A back-and-forth motion with a large amplitude of more than 0.6 nm was evaluated. This movement could be triggered by two hinge residues. It results in the loop flipping over the active site to enhance the docking of the native helical substrate through specific interactions, it positions the catalytic residues, it distorts the substrate towards its transition state geometry, and finally monitors the release of the products after hydrolysis. The residues involved in the process are now rational mutation points in the hands of molecular biologists.

  12. Shallow seismic imaging of flank collapse structures in oceanic island volcanoes: Application to the Western Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchez, L.; González, P.; Tiampo, K. F.

    2013-12-01

    Volcanic flank collapse counts among the many hazards associated with volcanic activity. This type of event involves the mobilization of large volumes, producing debris avalanches. It affects mostly oceanic island volcanoes, involving the potential for tsunami occurrence. Geophysical imaging can illuminate subvolcanic features such as volcano-tectonic structures, magmatic plumbing systems or differences in rock type. The most commonly used geophysical methods are gravity, electromagnetics and seismics. In particular, seismic measurements quantify anomalies in seismic waves propagation velocities and can be used to obtain information on the subsurface arrangement of different materials. In the Western Canary Islands, the Cumbre Vieja volcano in La Palma (Canary Islands) has been proposed to be near the collapse stage. Previous geophysical studies that have been carried out on the flank of the volcano comprise gravity and electromagnetic methods. These types of surveys gather information on the deep structures of the volcano (1-2 km). In this project, we complement previous studies by using seismic methods to investigate the near-surface seismic structure of the Cumbre Vieja fault system (La Palma Island) and the structure of the well-developed San Andres fault system (El Hierro Island). We aim to compare the Cumbre Vieja and San Andres fault systems to infer the degree of maturity of collapse structures. We carried out reflection and refraction seismic surveys in order to image approximately the first 10 meters of the subsurface. We used 24 low frequency (4,5 Hz) geophones as receivers and a sledge hammer as the seismic source. The survey lines were located across visible parts of the fault systems at the Cumbre Vieja volcano and the San Andres fault in El Hierro. Here, we present the survey setup and results from the preliminary analysis of the data.

  13. Comparison between the 6-minute walk tests performed in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at different altitudes

    PubMed Central

    Squassoni, Selma Denis; Machado, Nadine Cristina; Lapa, Mônica Silveira; Cordoni, Priscila Kessar; Bortolassi, Luciene Costa; de Oliveira, Juliana Nascimento; Tavares, Cecilia Melo Rosa; Fiss, Elie

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the influence of the altitude on the 6-minute walking test in patients with moderate to severe pulmonary disease. Methods Twenty-nine patients performed the 6-minute walk test at a pulmonary rehabilitation clinic in Santo André (above sea level), in São Paulo State, and at the Enseada Beach, in Guarujá (at sea level), also in São Paulo State. Of these 29 patients, 8 did the test both on hard sand and on asphalt to analyze if there were differences in performance during the tests. Data such as heart rate, oxygen saturation, test distance, and Borg scale were compared. Results We found no statistical difference in relation to oxygen saturation at rest before the beginning of the walking test in Santo André 94.67±2.26% and at sea level 95.56±2% (p=0.71). The minimum saturation measured during the test was 87.27±6.54% in Santo André and 89.10±5.41% in Guarujá (p=0.098). There were no differences in the performed distance between the different kinds of terrains; the distance on sand was 387.75±5.02m and on asphalt it was 375.00±6.54m (p=0.654). Regarding oxygen saturation during walking, the pulse oximetry on sand was 95.12±1.80% and on asphalt it was 96.87±1.64% (p=1.05). Conclusion Altitude did not affect the performance of the walking test in patients with moderate to severe pulmonary disease and the results were similar in both cases, on sand and on asphalt. PMID:25628195

  14. Characterization of facies and permeability patterns in carbonate reservoirs based on outcrop analogs. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Kerans, C.; Lucia, F.J.; Senger, R.K.; Fogg, G.E.; Nance, H.S.; Hovorka, S.D.

    1993-07-01

    The primary objective of this research is to develop methods for better describing the three-dimensional geometry of carbonate reservoir flow units as related to conventional or enhanced recovery of oil. San Andres and Grayburg reservoirs were selected for study because of the 13 Bbbl of remaining mobile oil and 17 Bbbl of residual oil in these reservoirs. The key data base is provided by detailed characterization of geologic facies and rock permeability in reservior-scale outcrops of the Permian San Andres Formation in the Guadalupe Mountains of New Mexico. Emphasis is placed on developing an outcrop analog for San Andres strata that can be used as (1) a guide to interpreting the regional and local geologic framework of the subsurface reservoirs (2) a data source illustrating the scales and patterns of variability of rock-fabric facies and petrophysical properties, particularly in lateral dimension, and on scales that cannot be studied during subsurface reservoir characterization. The research approach taken to achieve these objectives utilizes the integration of geologic description, geostatistical techniques, and reservoir flow simulation experiments. Results from this research show that the spatial distribution of facies relative to the waterflood direction can significantly affect how the reservoir produces. Bypassing of unswept oil occurs due to cross flow of injected water from high permeability zones into lower permeability zones were high permeability zones terminate. An area of unswept oil develops because of the slower advance of the water-injection front in the lower permeability zones. When the injection pattern is reversed, the cross-flow effect changes due to the different arrangements of rock-fabric flow units relative to the flow of injected water, and the sweep efficiency is significantly different. Flow across low-permeability mudstones occurs showing that these layers do not necessarily represent flow barriers.

  15. Socio-Environmental and Hematological Profile of Landfill Residents (São Jorge Landfill–Sao Paulo, Brazil)

    PubMed Central

    Palmeira Wanderley, Vivianni; Affonso Fonseca, Fernando Luiz; Vala Quiaios, André; Nuno Domingues, José; Paixão, Susana; Figueiredo, João; Ferreira, Ana; de Almeida Pinto, Cleonice; da Silva, Odair Ramos; Alvarenga, Rogério; Machi Junior, Amaury; Luiz Savóia, Eriane Justo; Daminello Raimundo, Rodrigo

    2017-01-01

    We are experiencing an unprecedented urbanization process that, alongside physical, social and economic developments, has been having a significant impact on a population’s health. Due to the increase in pollution, violence and poverty, our modern cities no longer ensure a good quality of life so they become unhealthy environments. This study aims to assess the effect of social, environmental and economic factors on the hematologic profile of residents of Santo André’s landfill. In particular, we will assess the effect of social, economic, and environmental factors on current and potential disease markers obtained from hematological tests. The research method is the observational type, from a retrospective cohort, and by convenience sampling in Santo André in the Greater ABC (municipalities of Santo André, São Bernardo do Campo and São Caetano do Sul, southeast part of the Greater São Paulo Metropolitan Area, Brazil). The study determined a socio-environmental profile and the hematologic diseases screening related to a close location to the landfill. The disease manifests itself within a broad spectrum of symptoms that causes changes in blood count parameters. The objective of this work is to show that there is an association between social, environmental and economic factors and a variety of serious disease outcomes that may be detected from blood screening. A causal study of the effect of living near the landfill on these disease outcomes would be a very expensive and time-consuming study. This work we believe is sufficient for public health officials to consider policy and attempt remediation of the effects of living near a landfill. PMID:28085053

  16. Teenage Smoking: Higher Excise Tax Should Significantly Reduce the Number of Smokers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-30

    O tt It I ing k)llII CCGAO - Report to the Hoi 61’ableMichael A. Andr vvs, House of Represe itatives " T989 TEENAG E SMOKING Higher Excise Tax...respondsto your request that we (1) describe the extent and consequences of smoking by teenagers and (2) assess the potential impact of an increase in the...federal cigarette excise tax on the number of teenage smokers. We briefed your staff on this issue on February 28, 1989, and agreed to present our

  17. Deregulation of Adenosine Receptors in Psoriatic Epidermis: An Option for Therapeutic Treatment.

    PubMed

    Merighi, Stefania; Borea, Pier Andrea; Varani, Katia; Gessi, Stefania

    2017-01-01

    Purinergic signaling is involved in psoriasis, a chronic skin disease characterized by increased epidermis cell growth. In particular, Andrés et al. focus on the keratinocyte biology modulated by adenosine receptors providing evidence that the A2B subtype plays a prominent role in the reduction of keratinocyte proliferation whereas A2A and A2B agonists have antiinflammatory effects independent of adenosine receptors. The authors report that psoriatic epidermis presents a deregulated adenosine receptor expression profile with reduced A2B and increased A2A.

  18. Designing a Practical System for Spectral Imaging of Skylight

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-20

    Commission Interna- tionale de l’Éclairage), include CIELUV , CIELAB , CIE94, and CIEDE2000.21,22 These metrics quantify distances in their respective...thresholds for RMSE and CIEDE2000 metrics when searching for optimum sensors; Hernández-Andrés et al.1 used GFC, CIELUV , and IIE(%) in a similar way. As...once. We use GFC as a spectral metric, CIELAB as a col- orimetric cost function (denoted by E*ab, the dis- tance between two colors in the CIE’s uniform

  19. Metals in some lagoons of Mexico.

    PubMed Central

    Vazquez, F G; Sharma, V K; Alexander, V H; Frausto, C A

    1995-01-01

    The concentrations of metals, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn were determined in some lagoons to establish the level of metal pollution. The lagoons studied were Alvarado lagoon, Veracruz; San Andres lagoon, Tamaulipas; and Terminos lagoon, Campeche. The concentrations were determined in water, oyster (Crassostrea virginica), and sediments. Metals were accumulated in either oysters or sediments. Cu and Zn were higher in oysters and Fe and Mn were higher in sediments. The results in water samples were compared with the limit established by the Secretaria de Ecologia and Desarrollo Urbano Report and briefly discussed. PMID:7621796

  20. Melitid amphipods from the Gulf of Thailand, with a description of Dulichiella pattaniensis, a new species

    PubMed Central

    Wongkamhaeng, Koraon; Pattaratumrong, Manasawan Saengsakda; Puttapreecha, Ratchanee

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Two species of melitid amphipod were collected from the Gulf of Thailand. Dulichiella pattaniensis is new to science, and Melitalati latiflagella Ren & Andres, 2012 has not been previously reported from Thai Waters. Dulichiella pattaniensis is characterized by male gnathopod 2 distolateral crown with 4 spines; pleonite/urosomite formula 7-7-7-5-6-2; pereopod 5-7 dactylus with 2 accessory spines. This combination of characters has not been recorded previously in the Dulichiella. The characters of the specimens are described and illustrated. All specimens are deposited in the Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand. PMID:24899833

  1. Myths and Prehispanic Astronomy: A Look from the Colonial Perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruiz Gallut, María Elena

    2016-11-01

    The information from the documents written during colonial times by Spanish friars attempted to provide an overview of the thought of Mesoamerican indigenous societies. These ideas are permanently imprinted religious concepts that ordered the culture, and that signal the efforts of men to find its role in the world and give sense to the astronomical and natural phenomena that are integrated into their religion, particularly in the creation of myths. The generation of the gods, their tasks and areas of action are explored here through the texts of Fray Andres del Olmo.

  2. Evaluation of pollutant source strengths and control strategies in an innovative residential high-rise building

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-31

    Describes a study undertaken to assess the indoor air quality in the Clos St-Andre, a 78-unit residential complex in downtown Montreal, through the implementation of a monitoring protocol in three of the building`s suites; and to examine the relationships between mechanical ventilation, material emissions, occupant lifestyle, and indoor air pollutant concentrations. The monitoring protocol consisted of tracer gas, air exchange testing, material emission testing, airtightness testing, and the monitoring of air temperature, relative humidity, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and total volatile organic carbon in the suites. Trends in pollutant concentrations over time in the post-construction period are noted.

  3. Finite-size effects in Anderson localization of one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates

    SciTech Connect

    Cestari, J. C. C.; Foerster, A.; Gusmao, M. A.

    2010-12-15

    We investigate the disorder-induced localization transition in Bose-Einstein condensates for the Anderson and Aubry-Andre models in the noninteracting limit using exact diagonalization. We show that, in addition to the standard superfluid fraction, other tools such as the entanglement and fidelity can provide clear signatures of the transition. Interestingly, the fidelity exhibits good sensitivity even for small lattices. Effects of the system size on these quantities are analyzed in detail, including the determination of a finite-size-scaling law for the critical disorder strength in the case of the Anderson model.

  4. Geophysical Fiber Interferometer Gyroscope.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-12-31

    gravitational antenna. Basically, their device was a Twyman -Green laser interferometer that was allegedly well-isolated from its thermal and...r ~AD-AO92 913 UTAH UNIV RESEARCH INST SALT LAKE CITY GEOSPACE SCIE-EYC F/B 20/6 GEOPHYSICAL FIBER INTERFEROMETER GYROSCOPE(U) .S DEC 79 L 0 WEAVER...ACCESSION no: S, 111CIPIENT’S CATALOG NUMBER AF6ii M_ __ _ __I_ _ 4. TItLIL (eovm4jk"IU .TYEo nPaTawn.ocoet GEOPHYSICAL FIBER INTERFEROMETER GYROSCOPE. / 9

  5. Preparing for space - EVA training at the European Astronaut Centre

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolender, Hans; Stevenin, Hervé; Bessone, Loredana; Torres, Antonio

    2006-11-01

    The European Astronaut Centre has developed an Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) training course for ESA astronauts to bridge the gap between their scuba diving certification and the spacesuit qualification provided by NASA. ESA astronauts André Kuipers and Frank De Winne have already completed this "EVA Pre-Familiarisation Training Programme" before their training at NASA. In June 2006, an international crew of experienced EVA astronauts approved the course as good preparation for suited EVA training; they recommended that portions of it be used to help maintain EVA proficiency for astronauts.

  6. Metals in some lagoons of Mexico.

    PubMed

    Vazquez, F G; Sharma, V K; Alexander, V H; Frausto, C A

    1995-02-01

    The concentrations of metals, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn were determined in some lagoons to establish the level of metal pollution. The lagoons studied were Alvarado lagoon, Veracruz; San Andres lagoon, Tamaulipas; and Terminos lagoon, Campeche. The concentrations were determined in water, oyster (Crassostrea virginica), and sediments. Metals were accumulated in either oysters or sediments. Cu and Zn were higher in oysters and Fe and Mn were higher in sediments. The results in water samples were compared with the limit established by the Secretaria de Ecologia and Desarrollo Urbano Report and briefly discussed.

  7. An Algorithm to Find a K5 Minor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-02-01

    February 1991 UILU-ENG-91-2212 ACT-117 Applied Computagion Theory AD-A232 901 AN ALGORITHM TO FIND A K5 MINOR P. J. McGuinness A. E. KezdyI DTIC...algorithm to find a K 5 minor Patrick J. McGuinness and Andr6 E. Kdzdy Abstract We present an 0(n 2) algorithm that, given a graph, either returns a K, minor...describe parallel algorithms to find Kuratowski homeomorphs and K3,3 homeomorphs, when such homeomorphs are present. Extending Kuratowski’s result, Wagner

  8. Archival Evaluation of Floodwall Alignments: New Orleans, Louisiana.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-11-15

    AUT.OR.) S. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUME1;94) Sally K. and William D. Reeves DACW29-82- M -1980 S. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM...1925 ~ Samuel McC. Young, f Chief Engineer Drawn by M . Peter Villere Scale ao~e ONE MILE From Collection of Sally K. Reeves 1815 easr s3 tseSt jacq% o1...1779. 9. See M . de Armas, 5/27/1818. 10. Joseph Verloin DeGruy to Santiago Livaudais, Andres Almonaster, 10/26/1776. 11. Madame Panis to John N

  9. Nonlinear lattice waves in heterogeneous media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laptyeva, T. V.; Ivanchenko, M. V.; Flach, S.

    2014-12-01

    We discuss recent advances in the understanding of the dynamics of nonlinear lattice waves in heterogeneous media, which enforce complete wave localization in the linear wave equation limit, especially Anderson localization for random potentials, and Aubry-André localization for quasiperiodic potentials. Additional nonlinear terms in the wave equations can either preserve the phase-coherent localization of waves, or destroy it through nonintegrability and deterministic chaos. Spreading wave packets are observed to show universal features in their dynamics which are related to properties of nonlinear diffusion equations.

  10. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Catalog of dense cores in Aquila from Herschel (Konyves+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Konyves, V.; Andre, P.; Men'shchikov, A.; Palmeirim, P.; Arzoumanian, D.; Schneider, N.; Roy, A.; Didelon, P.; Maury, A.; Shimajiri, Y.; Di, Francesco J.; Bontemps, S.; Peretto, N.; Benedettini, M.; Bernard, J.-P.; Elia, D.; Griffin, M. J.; Hill, T.; Kirk, J.; Ladjelate, B.; Marsh, K.; Martin, P. G.; Motte, F.; Nguyen Luong, Q.; Pezzuto, S.; Roussel, H.; Rygl, K. L. J.; Sadavoy, S. I.; Schisano, E.; Spinoglio, L.; Ward-Thompson, D.; White, G. J.

    2015-07-01

    Based on Herschel Gould Belt survey (Andre et al., 2010A&A...518L.102A) observations of the Aquila cloud complex, and using the multi-scale, multi-wavelength source extraction algorithm getsources (Men'shchikov et al., 2012A&A...542A..81M), we identified a total of 749 dense cores, including 685 starless cores and 64 protostellar cores. The observed properties of all dense cores are given in tablea1.dat, and their derived properties are listed in tablea2.dat. (4 data files).

  11. Time-dependent Bragg diffraction by multilayer gratings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    André, Jean-Michel; Jonnard, Philippe

    2016-01-01

    Time-dependent Bragg diffraction by multilayer gratings working by reflection or by transmission is investigated. The study is performed by generalizing the time-dependent coupled-wave theory previously developed for one-dimensional photonic crystals (André J-M and Jonnard P 2015 J. Opt. 17 085609) and also by extending the Takagi-Taupin approach of the dynamical theory of diffraction. The indicial response is calculated. It presents a time delay with a transient time that is a function of the extinction length for reflection geometry and of the extinction length combined with the thickness of the grating for transmission geometry.

  12. Hispanics in Army ROTC: Problems with Recruiting and Commissioning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-06-09

    female ROTC enrollment climbed to 14,296 (23,9% of the POTO total) at the beginning of the present aoademio year, 3 RM has become so popular among...for the dismissal of Chanoellor Dfas, As the pro-commonwealth administration of the Popular Dezjoratio Party (ZaAt4ae hyd ,~ ~~~ 41 I I I 50 Democr...Andres. El Dilema Puertorriquefos Lenguaje do Libertad o LengaJe de Dominacion. San Juan, Ediciones Bayoan, 1973. . Nuevo Enfoaue Sobre el Desarrollo

  13. Numerical Modeling of Inverse Problems under Uncertainty for Damage Detection in Aircraft Structures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    Silva Lopes and André Garcia Chiarello, and also a couple of graduate students. Some of the previous research (2006 to 2009) in this area has been...UNIFEI in this topic. iii. With Prof. Donizeti de Andrade , from Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica - ITA, São José dos Campos, Brazil, on detection of...de Aeronáutica, São José dos Campos, Brazil. The collaborative work with Prof. Donizeti de Andrade , on detection of failures of a helicopter main

  14. Memorial V.J.Glaser

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Plusieurs orateurs rendent hommage au grand physicien et scientifique Vladimir Jurko Glaser (1924 - 1984) qui travaillait au Ruder Boscovic Institut à Zagreb avant de venir au Cern en 1957 où il trouvait un poste permanent au département de physique théorique. Walter Tearing, Harry Lehmann,Henry Epstein, Jacques Bros et André Martin font des résumés biographiques de leurs collègue et ami en honorant ses grands qualités d'homme et ses remarquables conquêtes de la science et leurs accomplissement.

  15. U.S. Army Doctrine Far-Sighted Vision or Transient Fad?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-04

    capstore manual for doctrine. However, since 1939 there have beer 16 editions of FM I1’-5, changing a, average of every three years. The 6 relatively...policies, applicable to a subject, which have beer developed through experience or by theory, that represent the best available thought, and irdicate and...r charge cockroaches into butterflies. 5 q -ook Cof dot-,ztri, e s like a oir or: when a rnrkey los in, no apostle Cor PattonJ can ok cut. 5 The

  16. Interview: Nanomedicine and the fight against HIV/AIDS.

    PubMed

    Nel, André; Swindells, Susan; Bronich, Tatiana; Gendelman, Howard E

    2014-02-01

    Ahead of the 4th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Nanomedicine, this collection of interviews brings together experts from the fields of nanomedicine and HIV/AIDS treatment. Professor André Nel gives us a general introduction and update on the nanomedicine field and how he hopes it will progress. Professor Susan Swindells describes the current challenges faced in the clinic for HIV/AIDS treatment. Professor Tatiana Bronich explains the research efforts being undertaken by the nanomedicine community for the treatment of microbial infections and HIV/AIDS specifically. Finally, Professor Howard Gendelman looks to the future and assesses the potential and challenges of nanomedicine approaches for HIV eradication.

  17. Prolactin, Androstenedione and IGF1 Serum Concentrations During Induced Follicular Growth by eCG Administration in the Bitch.

    PubMed

    Stornelli, M C; García Mitacek, M C; Praderio, R G; Nuñez Favre, R; de la Sota, R L; Stornelli, M A

    2016-02-01

    The oestrus cycle in the domestic bitch, a monoestrous species, differs considerably from that of other veterinary domestic animals species. In the bitch the combined use of eCG and hCG is effective to induce oestrus predictably and safely (Stornelli et al., Theriogenology, 78, 2012 and 1056). Although several studies were done to describe the hormonal changes during the canine oestrus cycle, to our knowledge none was done to describe the hormonal changes during induced follicular growth after the administration of eCG. The aim of this work was to study prolactin (PRL), insulin-like growth factor (IGF1) and androstenedione (ANDR) serum concentrations during follicular growth induced by a single dose of eCG administered to late anoestrous bitches. PRL and ANDR concentrations were lower before than after eCG TRT (before eCG vs pro-oestrus, oestrus and dioestrus; 4.3 ± 1.8 ng/ml vs 6.5 ± 1.6 ng/ml, p < 0.05; 0.08 ± 0.2 ng/ml vs 0.42 ± 0.16 ng/ml, p < 0.05). Conversely, IGF1 concentrations were similar before and after eCG TRT (286.0 ng/ml ±32.2, p > 0.53). Additionally, PRL concentrations were similar before oestrus compared to during oestrus and dioestrus (6.9 ± 1.7 ng/ml, p > 0.19). Furthermore, IGF1 concentrations were higher before and during oestrus compared to first day of dioestrus (286.1 ± 29.8vs 200.4 ± 29.2 ng/ml, p < 0.01). On the contrary, ANDR concentrations were lower before and during oestrus compared to first day of diestrum (0.35 ± 0.17 ng/ml and 0.38 ± 0.15 vs 0.68 ± 0.17 ng/ml, p < 0.05). These results show that treatment with a single injection of 50 IU/kg of eCG in late anoestrous bitches successfully induced changes in follicular growth which were paralleled with changes in PRL, IGF1 and ANDR serum concentration similar to those occurring during a normally occurring oestrous cycle. In addition, our results suggest that IGF1 in the bitch could play an important role in ovarian folliculogenesis.

  18. Aircraft Trajectories Computation-Prediction-Control (La Trajectoire de l’Avion Calcul-Prediction-Controle). Volume 3

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-05-01

    Operation 32E A-26 by Andre Benoit, Sip Swierstra and Ren6 de Wispelaere LE CONTROLEUR DE LA CIRCULATION AERIENNE ET L’AUTOMATISATION: 32F A-27 Conflit ...contrite 6tendiue ainsi constitu6e, l’ensemble de l’espace a rien concern6 relevant d’un centre de gestion d~terminu. A-12 PART IV-B - PROSPECT : A FUTURE...6conomique optimales d’une part, et Ia n6cessitd de faire face bk un trafic croissant d’autre part, imposent aux responsables de Ia Gestion du Trafic A~rien

  19. Paleoproterozoic migmatitic gneisses from the Tandilia belt (Argentina), Río de la Plata craton, record cooling at deep crustal levels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martínez, Juan Cruz; Massonne, Hans-Joachim; Dristas, Jorge Anastasio; Theye, Thomas; Graff, Ailín Ayelén

    2016-04-01

    We studied high-grade metamorphic rocks of the El Cristo hill area of the Tandilia belt. Mineral analyses and thermodynamic calculations were carried out for two adjacent rock samples: an amphibole-biotite gneiss and a garnet-biotite-bearing migmatite. Peritectic garnets in the migmatite show core compositions of pyr4.5(gro + andr)10spes6alm79.5 changing to pyr3.5(gro + andr)17spes6alm73.5 at their thin rims. Garnet compositions in the gneiss are pyr6.5(gro + andr)26spes12alm55.5 and pyr4.5(gro + andr)34spes12alm49.5 for core and rim, respectively. A P-T path was constructed by calculating pseudosections in the 11-component system Si-Ti-Al-Fe-Mn-Mg-Ca-Na-K-O-H and contouring them by isopleths for garnet components using the PERPLE_X software package. Supra-solidus crystallization of garnet cores in the migmatite began at 5.8 kbar and 660 °C. Garnet rims equilibrated at 7.0 kbar and 640 °C compatible with garnet cores in the amphibole-biotite gneiss (7.6 kbar and 660 °C). The further chemical development of garnet in this rock points to P-T conditions of 11.6 kbar and 620 °C and 12.2 kbar and 595 °C (outermost garnet rim). At this high-pressure stage Ca-amphibole was not stable. Most biotite formed during exhumation whereas the high-pressure accessory minerals, titanite and epidote, persisted. According to the obtained anti-clockwise P-T path the originally partly melted material was tectonically transported from ∼22 km (middle crust) to ∼40 km (lower crust) depths reaching a geothermal gradient as low as 15 °C km-1. This transport probably occurred along a major suture zone, which was active during the Paleoproterozoic (2.25-2.10 Ga), before a terminating collision of terranes near the SW boundary of the Rio de la Plata craton.

  20. Effects of Stress on the Electrical Resistance of Ytterbium and Calibration of Ytterbium Stress Transducers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1973-08-01

    National Technical Information Service U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ■ i.,-—. -. .-^, ■-.-:„■ IpillLi.l .. .iiimii jn. im «i.— ■ ^—■ mrnmmf...TECHNICAL INFORMATION SERVICE US Department of Commarco Springfield, VA. 22151 „■.^..-^-^.....-.^ -^ .■.-.;-....; .^.^. rBtmrmmsmiiW1...K. Andres, J. P. Malta , K. Nassau, and P. I). Oernier, 1970, Physical Review B, Vol. 2, No. 10, pp. ,�- U917. I. Burke, 19fi5, The Kinetics of

  1. North Atlantic Regional Water Resources Study. Appendix O. Fish and Wildlife.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-05-01

    free—flowing streams and na tural lakes, (2) adequate control of polut ion a t its sources , (3) construction of upstream water—storage facilities , (4...based upon existing environmental and resource conditions , e.g., existing extent and degrl’CCC of water polution , present species composition and...r I M Ian 0 1 , 0 ) Ob I I i , 13 .64 ‘. 74 It,. , r a il , aIr , and water . 71 2 . 18 0,~aI h azy equlpe.nt I IUa t , nnd t ,,o,l t l I lO r a

  2. Violence in Brazil and Its Connection with Transnational Crime

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    revistaepoca.globo.com/epoca/0,6993,EPT397991-1664,00.html>. Accessed 23 September 2002. 13 André Geraldo de M. Simões, As Mortes por Causas Violentas no Rio...ISER in 2002 and published by the own Institute, entitled: Epidemiologia de Causas Externas – Dados para a Tomada de Decisões. Indicadores de Violência...Americas Security. Washington, DC: National Defense University, 2001. Instituto de Ensino da Religião – ISER. Epidemiologia das Causas Externas – Dados

  3. Jorge A. Swieca's contributions to quantum field theory in the 60s and 70s and their relevance in present research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schroer, B.

    2010-07-01

    After revisiting some high points of particle physics and QFT of the two decades from 1960 to 1980, I comment on the work by Jorge André Swieca. I explain how it fits into the quantum field theory during these two decades and draw attention to its relevance to the ongoing particle physics research. A particular aim of this article is to direct the readers mindfulness to the relevance of what at the time of Swieca was called “the Schwinger Higgs screening mechanism” which, together with recent ideas which generalize the concept of gauge theories, has all the ingredients to revolutionize the issue of gauge theories and the standard model.

  4. Computation of the Roll Characteristics of the M829 Kinetic Energy Projectile and Comparison With Range Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-01

    or If there is no responso, D7AItC will proceso too rqort by asmsigzing the D~istribution sLawpo~nt "C’s *istribution linited to O.S. Goverane~t... natural frequency of vibration. The yawing frequency is avoided to preclude the pos- sibility of spin/yaw lock-in. Typically, the natural frequency and...r = J(XCe,,)) J = 1/ (xf (0,,rC - OCr,~)) The pressure, p, can be related to the dependent variables by applying the ideal gas law. law P= (-1) [e

  5. Spanish experience with German psychology prior to World War I.

    PubMed

    Mülberger, Annette

    2008-01-01

    An increase in interest for German scientific psychology followed the rise of liberalism in late nineteenth-century Spain. This paper deals with Spanish scholars' endeavors to participate in German psychology: It outlines the intellectual and institutional background of Spanish preoccupation with German philosophy and psychology, and deals with the personal experience and testimony of two Spanish philosophers, Eloy Luis André and Juan Vicente Viqueira López, who traveled to Leipzig, Berlin, and Göttingen between 1909 and 1914 to gain firsthand experience in the nascent science of psychology in Germany at that time.

  6. Efficacy of Nutritional Ergogenic Aids in Hot Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    B.S., Neison,AG., Prevost, M.C., Thompson, G.D., Marx, B.D. and Morris, G.S. (1996) Effects of caffeine ingestion on endurJ.nce racing in heat and...R404. Del Coso,]. Estt.’Ve-/~ E. and Mora-Rodriguez, R (2008) Caffeine effects on short-term performance during prolonged exercise in the heat...the hear. Mrdicinr & Scimu in Sporn 0-Extrcisr22, 621-628. Motl, R W., O’Connor, Pl. and Dishman, R.K. (2003) Effect of caffeine on perceptions of

  7. Multi-scale remote sensing of coral reefs

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Andréfouët, Serge; Hochberg, E.J.; Chevillon, Christophe; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Brock, John C.; Hu, Chuanmin

    2005-01-01

    In this chapter we present how both direct and indirect remote sensing can be integrated to address two major coral reef applications - coral bleaching and assessment of biodiversity. This approach reflects the current non-linear integration of remote sensing for environmental assessment of coral reefs, resulting from a rapid increase in available sensors, processing methods and interdisciplinary collaborations (Andréfouët and Riegl, 2004). Moreover, this approach has greatly benefited from recent collaborations of once independent investigations (e.g., benthic ecology, remote sensing, and numerical modeling).

  8. Rand Corporation National Security Research Division. Annual Report 2010-2011

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    RePReSeNTATIVe OFFICe Mexico City Office Andrés Bello No. 10 Piso 6 Col. Polanco C.P. 11560 México, D.F Tel +52.55.3601.0700 www.rand.org www.rand.org...6 Col. Polanco C.P. 11560 México, D.F TEL +52.55.3601.0700 www.rand.org www.rand.org/nsrd/ R A N D N A T I O N A L S E C U R I T Y R E S E A R C

  9. Status of the lidar station at La Paz - Bolivia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaratti, Francesco; Forno, Ricardo N.; Calderon, Fernando

    2010-05-01

    The current status of the LIDAR station at La Paz is discussed, including the technical difficulties of operating an Alexandrite system at this high altitude location. Advances related to the reconditioning of this system, especially those related to the new laser system, are also discussed. In addition, the goals and perspectives of the Atmospheric Physics Laboratory, part of the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, are described in the context of the new instrument and the new initiatives recently undertaken with the help of the international scientific community.

  10. First Record of the Myrmicine Ant Genus Meranoplus Smith, 1853 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Arabian Peninsula with Description of a New Species and Notes on the Zoogeography of Southwestern Kingdom Saudi Arabia

    PubMed Central

    Sharaf, Mostafa R.; Al Dhafer, Hathal M.; Aldawood, Abdulrahman S.

    2014-01-01

    The ant genus Meranoplus is reported for the first time from the Arabian Peninsula (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) by the new species M. pulcher sp. n., based on the worker caste. Specimens were collected from Al Sarawat and Asir Mountains of southwestern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia using pitfall traps. Meranoplus pulcher sp. n. is included in the Afrotropical M. magretii-group, with greatest similarity to M. magrettii André from Sudan. A key to the Afrotropical species of the M. magretii-group is presented. A brief review of the ant taxa with Afrotropical affinities in southwestern region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is given. PMID:25375104

  11. Large Sample Hydrology : Building an international sample of watersheds to improve consistency and robustness of model evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mathevet, Thibault; Kumar, Rohini; Gupta, Hoshin; Vaze, Jai; Andréassian, Vazken

    2015-04-01

    This poster introduces the aims of the Large Sample Hydrology working group (LSH-WG) of the new IAHS Panta Rhei decade (2013-2022). The aim of the LSH-WG is to promote large sample hydrology, as discussed by Gupta et al. (2014) and to invite the community to collaborate on building and sharing a comprehensive and representative world-wide sample of watershed datasets. By doing so, LSH will allow the community to work towards 'hydrological consistency' (Martinez and Gupta, 2011) as a basis for hydrologic model development and evaluation, thereby increasing robustness of the model evaluation process. Classical model evaluation metrics based on 'robust statistics' are needed, but clearly not sufficient: multi-criteria assessments based on multiple hydrological signatures can help to better characterize hydrological functioning. Further, large-sample data sets can greatly facilitate: (i) improved understanding through rigorous testing and comparison of competing model hypothesis and structures, (ii) improved robustness of generalizations through statistical analyses that minimize the influence of outliers and case-specific studies, (iii) classification, regionalization and model transfer across a broad diversity of hydrometeorological contexts, and (iv) estimation of predictive uncertainties at a location and across locations (Mathevet et al., 2006; Andréassian et al., 2009; Gupta et al., 2014) References Andréassian, V., Perrin, C., Berthet, L., Le Moine, N., Lerat, J., Loumagne, C., Oudin, L., Mathevet, T., Ramos, M. H., and Valéry, A.: Crash tests for a standardized evaluation of hydrological models, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 1757-1764, 2009. Gupta, H. V., Perrin, C., Blöschl, G., Montanari, A., Kumar, R., Clark, M., and Andréassian, V.: Large-sample hydrology: a need to balance depth with breadth, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 463-477, doi:10.5194/hess-18-463-2014, 2014. Martinez, G. F., and H. V.Gupta (2011), Hydrologic consistency as a basis for

  12. Targeting Androgen Receptor in Breast Cancer: Enzalutamide as a Novel Breast Cancer Therapeutic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    Andre F, O’Regan R, Ozguroglu M, Toi M, Xu B, Jerusalem G, Masuda N, Wilks S, Arena F, Isaacs C, Yap YS, Papai Z, Lang I, Armstrong A, Lerzo G, White M...the ovariectomized rabbit. Endocrinology 1970, 86:939–941. 31. McDonald P, Beyer C, Newton F, Brien B, Baker R, Tan HS, Sampson C, Kitching P...research and treatment. 2011;130:569-77. 23. Sedelaar JP, Isaacs JT. Tissue culture media supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum contains a castrate

  13. The Kitchen as a Lab

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adria, Ferran; Andres, Jose; Brenner, Michael P.

    2012-02-01

    Provocative world-famous Chef Ferran Adria, often associated with originating the modernist cuisine movement, and Washington DC chef Jose Andres, credited with bring the ``small plates" movement to North America, will discuss their views on the creative preparation of food with unexpected contrasts of flavor, temperature, and texture. Their discussion will be followed by a talk by Michael P. Brenner, a professor of applied mathematics, who (along with physics professor David A. Weitz) teaches a course at Harvard University on science and cooking. Come learn about the science and the art of food preparation!

  14. AFRRI Reports, Second Quarter 1994

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-08-01

    specific heat (C¥) at constant volume. T0 is determined by the relationship: oo E = / pCv T0 4n r 2 exp^/r^dr where E denotes the average energy...cylindrical track. Figures 6A and 6B illustrate the time dependence of local heating for several r values assuming 6 = laW/sec, r0 = 20A. E = 30eV and S...Hellcobacter pylori in Monkeys: A Model for Spiral Bacteria Infection in Humans ANDRE DUBOIS,*^ NANCY FIALA,*+ LILLIE M. HEMAN-ACKAH,S E . SUSAN DRAZEK

  15. Water resources of the Zuni tribal lands, McKinley and Cibola Counties, New Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Orr, Brennon R.

    1987-01-01

    An evaluation of the water resources of the Zuni tribal lands in west-central New Mexico was made to determine the yield, variability, and quality of water available to the Pueblo of Zuni. This study is needed to aid in orderly development of these resources. Rocks of Permian to Quaternary age supply stock, irrigation, and domestic water to the Zuni Indians. The Glorieta Sandstone and San Andres Limestone (Glorieta-San Andres aquifer) of Permian age and sandstones in the Chinle Formation of Triassic age provide most of this water supply. Water in the Glorieta-San Andres aquifer is confined by minimal-permeability shales and is transmitted through the aquifer along interconnected solution channels and fractures. Water-level and water-quality information indicate greater hydraulic conductivities along the southern boundaries of Zuni tribal lands. Well yields from the Glorieta-San Andres aquifer are as much as 150 gallons per minute, and aquifer transmissivity ranges from 30 to 1,400 feet squared per day. Longterm, water-level declines of as much as 29 feet have been measured near pumping centers at Black Rock. Multiple-well aquifer tests are needed to further define aquifer properties (storage, transmissivity, and leakage from confining units) and the effects of well design on well yields. Dissolved-solids concentrations in water from the aquifer range from 331 to 1,068 milligrams per liter. Calcium and sulfate are the predominant ions. Water in sandstones of the Chinle Formation is confined by adjacent shales and is transmitted along interconnected fractures. Well yields range from 5 to 125 gallons per minute, and aquifer transmissivity ranges from 40 to 1,400 feet squared per day. Water-level declines of as much as 27 feet have been measured near Zuni Village. Dissolved-solids concentrations in water from the aquifer range from 215 to 1,980 milligrams per liter. Sodium and bicarbonate are the predominant ions. Other sources of ground water are used primarily for

  16. [Joseph Babinski's contribution to neurological symptomatology].

    PubMed

    Furukawa, Tetsuo

    2014-11-01

    Joseph Babinski (1857-1932) was an excellent clinician. André Breton, a French poet, described Babinski's way of clinical examination in his Manifeste du surréalisme (1924), which vividly revealed Babinski's meticulous character. Babinski is well known by his eponymous Babinski reflex. Although some predecessors had described this phenomenon briefly, its meaning was interpreted by Babinski. His contribution to neurological symptomatology was not restricted to his plantar skin reflex, but also to other wide area. In this article, symptoms described by Babinski, i.e. plantar skin reflex, cerebellar symptoms including cerebellar asynergy, adiadochokinesis, dysmetria, cerebellar catalepsy, and rising sign, platysma sign, anosognosia are explained and are critically discussed.

  17. Channel Modeling and Threshold Signal Processing in Underwater Acoustics: An Analytical Overview

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-12-19

    Introduction to Statistical Communication Theory, McGraw-Hill (New York), 1960, (Part IV). [21]. J. R. Breton and D. Middleton, "General Theory of Acoustic Prop...5), pp. 1245-1260, May 1981. See also, Breton , J. R., A General Theory of Acoustic Propaation and Applications to Strong Acoustic Scattering in the...IV, ibid., Vol. IT-18, 35-67; 68-90 (1972). [32]. , Invited lectures, at Acoustics Institute N.N. Andr ~ev, Acad. Sci. USSR (Moscow), 1973, 1976, 1979

  18. [Supporting local communities in their actions for children living in a situation of poverty].

    PubMed

    Brunet, Lyse

    2014-03-01

    Avenir d’Enfants [Future of Children] emerged from a partnership between the government of Quebec and the Lucie and André Chagnon Foundation. The organization aims to provide local communities with resources, in order to support synergy between the principal early childhood organizations: childcare services, healthcare services, schools, family community organizations and municipalities. This article presents the context in which Avenir d’Enfants came into being, explains how the organization helps create the right conditions for local and regional initiatives to have an impact on the development of children living in a situation of poverty, and presents the challenges and success factors of this approach.

  19. Bid Responsiveness and the Acceptable Nonconforming Bid.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-09-30

    COTOL IN OFIC NAME ANDr ADiRES 5 YP REPOR T ATRODEIER Bid ~ ~ ~ ~1 30pnivns Sepd Th Acetal 9 MONIFORING ORAGNCYAI NAME A N DDRESSifrn rmCrrl~ fie 15 ...ver the ’tor, ey General did indicate that literal coinplianL, with ,n ivititior, was not required to render a hid acceptabli. 15 Finding the...hand, the Su ,reme Court of Michigan took a different approach. It found that the offer of a delivery date 15 days beyond that. required in the

  20. Hydrodynamics and Eutrophication Model Study of Indian River and Rehoboth Bay, Delaware

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-01

    Millsboro Townsend’s 1 21.8 6 0.1 0 18 Inc. Vlmssic 0.06 3.1 1.36 0.064 0.066 18 Food Colonial 9.7 6.85 9.7 2.2 OA 18 East Moble Home Pk. Rehoboth 0.95...Delaware," Proceedings of the Third Annual National Beach Preservation Technology Conference, St. Petersburg, FL pp 280-294. Andres, A. S. (1992...Wen, C., Kao, J., Wang, L., and Liaw, C. (1984). "Effect of salinity on reaeration coefficient of receiving waters," Water Science and Technology , 16

  1. Non-Equilibrium Green’s Function Study of Transport in Disordered Double-Layer Graphene Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    eWmexc ~Lc . (6.11) Therefore, for a system of width W = 10 nm with a coherence length of Lc ≈ 5 nm and order parameter magnitude of ρs ≈ 0.04 eV...Rev., vol. 106, pp. 162–164, Apr 1957. [Online]. Available: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRev.106.162 [3] C. W . Chu, L. Gao, F. Chen, Z. J...Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymanska, R. Andre, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood , B. Deveaud

  2. Wood Anatomy of the Neotropical Sapotaceae. XXXIV. Franchetella-Eremoluma.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-10-01

    based on a collection from French Guiana and designated as E. sagotiana Baill. Subsequent students of the Sapotaceae did not accept these genera and...Combinaisons Nouvelles 3(1):21. 3. Aubr~ville, Andre. 1972. Sapotaceae in Botany of the Guyana Highland . IX. Memoirs of the New York Bot. Gard. 23:224-225...Candollea 18:175-176. 6. Eyma, P. J. 1936. Notes on Guiana Sapotaceae. Rec. Tray. Bot. Neerl. 33:183-185. 7. Rodrigues, William A. 1974. Subsidios para o

  3. Advances in Navigation Sensors and Integration Technology (Les avancees en matiere de capteurs de navigation et de technologies d’integration)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-02-01

    also referred to as a Foucault pendulum gyroscope. Rate about the z-axis (i.e., about the vertical post) is detected by the Coriolis acceleration...paper, DGA/STTC/DTGN: Eric PLESKA MBDA F: Jacky GROSSET SAGEM SA: Jean Michel CARON THALES Avionics; Charles DUSSURGEY CEA-LETI...Gilles DELAPIERRE CEM2/Montpellier: André BOYER IEF: Alain BOSSEBOEUF LPMO: Michel de la BACHELERIE ONERA: Pierre TOUBOUL ²²²²²²²²²²²² RTO

  4. Hydrogeologic testing plan for Deep Hydronest Test Wells, Deaf Smith County site, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-12-01

    This report discusses methods of hydraulic testing which are recommended for use in the Deep Hydronest Test Wells at the proposed high level nuclear waste repository site in Deaf Smith County, Texas. The deep hydronest wells are intended to provide geologic, geophysical and hydrologic information on the interval from the Upper San Andres Formation to the base of the Pennsylvanian system at the site. Following the period of drilling and testing, the wells will be converted into permanent monitoring installations through which fluid pressures and water quality can be monitored at various depths in the section. 19 refs., 17 figs., 2 tabs.

  5. Fighting in Thin Air: Operational Wilderness Medicine in High Asia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 4 . TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...code) 2011 Journal Article-Wilderness & Env. Medicine Fighting in Thin Air: Wilderness Medicine in High Asia G.W. Rodway, S.R. Muza Thermal and...R. Muza 508-233-4894 Reset This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non

  6. 23RD International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases, Volume 3

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    P.Andre’, Yu.A.Barinov 2 G.Faure1, V.B.Kaplan 2 , A.Lefort1, S.M. Shkol’nik2 . 1. LAEPT. CNRS URA 828, University. Blaise Pascal , 24, Avenue des...Lorthioir S., Blaise G., Fiala A., Pitchford L.C. CHARACTERISTICS OF LOW POWER HF 10-CM TECHNOLOGICAL ION SOURCE 111-88 Kondranin S.G., Kralkina E.A...spectrometric analysis. S. Baude*, S Lorthioir*, G. Blaise **, A. Fiala*** and L.C. Pitchford*** *CEA, Centre d’Etudes de Bruyhres-le-Chatel BP12

  7. East China Sea Kuroshio 2002-2004 Data Report. Part 1. The URI/JAMSTEC Measurements. Part 2. The SNU/KORDI Measurements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    KORDI Measurements Magdalena Andres1† Chang-Su Hong3* Jae-Hak Lee3* Byung -Ho Lim2* Jae-Hun Park1† Karen Tracey1† Mark Wimbush1† Kyung-Il Chang2...acknowledge the help of Mr. Sang- Chul Hwang and Young-Suk Jang from KORDI with the instrumentation and, especially, their dedication and support during the...mooring operations on all these cruises. We would also like to acknowledge the help of Professors Jae- Chul Lee and Mi-Ok Park, and their students at

  8. Geoscience/engineering characterization of the interwell environment in carbonate reservoirs based on outcrop analogs, Permian Basin, West Texas and New Mexico - petrophysical characterization of the South Cowden Grayburg Reservoir, Ector County, Texas. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Lucia, F.J.

    1997-06-01

    Reservoir performance of the South Cowden Grayburg field suggests that only 21 percent of the original oil in place has been recovered. The purpose of this study is to construct a realistic reservoir model to be used to predict the location of the remaining mobile oil. Construction of reservoir models for fluid-flow simulation of carbonate reservoirs is difficult because they typically have complicated and unpredictable permeability patterns. Much of the difficulty results from the degree to which diagenetic overprinting masks depositional textures and patterns. For example, the task of constructing a reservoir model of a limestone reservoir that has undergone only cementation and compaction is easier than constructing a model of a karsted reservoir that has undergone cavern formation and collapse as well as cementation and compaction. The Permian-age carbonate-ramp reservoirs in the Permian Basin, West Texas and New Mexico, are typically anhydritic dolomitized limestone. Because the dolomitization occurred soon after deposition, depositional fabrics and patterns are often retained, and a reservoir model can be constructed using depositional concepts. Recent studies of the San Andres outcrop in the Guadalupe Mountains and the Seminole San Andres reservoir in the Permian Basin illustrate how depositional fabrics and patterns can be used to construct a reservoir model when depositional features are retained.

  9. The Preston of the Guinier-Preston Zones. Guinier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hardouin Duparc, O. B. M.

    2010-10-01

    Almost all materials scientists know about the Guinier-Preston (GP) zones, which were discovered in age-hardened aluminum-copper alloys in 1938. One of the discoverers, the French André Guinier, is rightly well known. The other discoverer, the British G.D. Preston, is totally ignored, even in English scientific biographies. I wish here to partly make up for this “oblivion” by giving elements about George Preston’s life (August 8, 1896 to June 22, 1972) and scientific work. Born in Ireland to the physicist Thomas Preston and deceased in Scotland, G. Preston carried out his scientific achievements in England, mainly studying the crystallographic structure of metals, metallic alloys, and thin films of metal oxides in a pioneering way. He also discussed the atomistic structure of twins in 1927. He mastered many kinds of X-ray and electron diffraction techniques up to diffuse scattering, which allowed him to detect the GP zones. Although he was involved in several controversies, including one about diamonds, he always remained a forthright person until his final professorship in Dundee. André Guinier’s career is briefly recalled in a parallel way.

  10. The Preston of the Guinier-Preston Zones. Guinier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hardouin Duparc, O. B. M.

    2010-08-01

    Almost all materials scientists know about the Guinier-Preston (GP) zones, which were discovered in age-hardened aluminum-copper alloys in 1938. One of the discoverers, the French André Guinier, is rightly well known. The other discoverer, the British G.D. Preston, is totally ignored, even in English scientific biographies. I wish here to partly make up for this “oblivion” by giving elements about George Preston’s life (August 8, 1896 to June 22, 1972) and scientific work. Born in Ireland to the physicist Thomas Preston and deceased in Scotland, G. Preston carried out his scientific achievements in England, mainly studying the crystallographic structure of metals, metallic alloys, and thin films of metal oxides in a pioneering way. He also discussed the atomistic structure of twins in 1927. He mastered many kinds of X-ray and electron diffraction techniques up to diffuse scattering, which allowed him to detect the GP zones. Although he was involved in several controversies, including one about diamonds, he always remained a forthright person until his final professorship in Dundee. André Guinier’s career is briefly recalled in a parallel way.

  11. Critical integer quantum Hall topology in the integrable Maryland model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganeshan, Sriram; Kechedzhi, Kostyantyn

    2014-03-01

    One-dimensional tight binding models such as Aubry-Andre-Harper (AAH) model (with onsite cosine potential) and the integrable Maryland model (with onsite tangent potential) have been the subjects of extensive theoretical research in localization studies. AAH can be directly mapped onto the two-dimensional Hofstadter model that manifests the integer quantum Hall topology on a lattice. However, no such connection has been made for the Maryland model (MM). In this talk, we present a generalized model that contains AAH and MM as the limiting cases with the MM lying precisely at a topological quantum phase transition (TQPT) point. A remarkable feature of this critical point is that the 1D MM retains well-defined energy gaps whereas the equivalent 2D model becomes gapless, signifying the 2D nature of the TQPT. The criticality allows us to associate topological invariants with the Maryland model in a restricted mathematical sense at the special filling factors that are adiabatically connected to the spectral gaps in the 1D Aubry-Andre-Harper model. Our theory presented in this work establishes deep and unexpected mathematical connections between 2D topological models and a family of 1D incommensurate localization models. This work is supported by JQI-NSF-PFC, Microsoft Q and JQI-ARO-MU.

  12. Water resources of the Zuni Tribal Lands, McKinley and Cibola counties, New Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Orr, Brennon R.

    1983-01-01

    The sandstones and limestones of the Glorieta-San Andres aquifer and sandstones within the Chinle Formation provide most of the municipal, stock, and domestic water supply to the Zuni Indian Tribe in west-central New Mexico. Both aquifers are recharged at outcrops in the Zuni Mountains, and their hydraulic conductivity is significantly enhanced by fractures in the sandstones and by fracture-solution openings in the carbonate rocks. The range of well yields, from 5 to 150 gallons per minute, is attributed to fracture frequency, continuity, and distribution controlled by regional uplift and folding. Water in the Glorieta-San Andres aquifer is enriched in calcium and sulfate, and dissolved-solids concentrations range from 389 to 994 milligrams per liter. Water in the sandstones of the Chinle Formation is enriched in sodium and bicarbonate, and dissolved-solids concentrations range from 215 to 1,980 milligrams per liter. The Bidahochi Formation, a loosely consolidated sand and gravel unit mantling western parts of the reservation, could provide an additional source of water chemically suitable for most uses. Preliminary seismic-reflection studies showed a buried drainage system eroded in Triassic bedrock underlying the Bidahochi. Filled channels may contain sufficient saturated material to supplement existing water supplies. (USGS)

  13. Ground-water resources of the Holloman Air Force Base well field area, 1967, New Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ballance, W.C.; Mattick, Robert E.

    1976-01-01

    Water consumption at Holloman Air Force Base (HAFB), N. Mex., reached an all time high in 1964 and 1965. Further increases in withdrawal without expansion of pumping facilities will hasten the chemical deterioration of the ground water pumped from the well fields. Saline water in the well-field area is present on the north and west sides of the potable-water area and in a thin shallow zone that overlies the potable-water sands in part of the potable-water area. The latter source is affecting quality of the water produced from most wells. The saturated thickness of material underlying the Boles well field ranges from about 3 ,500 feet in the western part of the field to about 1,200 feet in the eastern part of the field. In the Douglass and San Andres well fields, the saturated thickness ranges from 3,500 feet to about 300 feet. Expansion of the Boles and San Andres well fields to the east and southeast would move the center of pumping away from the highly saline water to the north and west. This would eliminate overpumping of the present wells that has resulted from the expanded facilities at Holloman Air Force Base. (Woodard-USGS)

  14. Elemental sulfur in Eddy County, New Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hinds, Jim S.; Cunningham, Richard R.

    1970-01-01

    Sulfur has been reported in Eddy County, N. Mex., in rocks ranging from Silurian to Holocene in age at depths of 0-15,020 feet. Targets of present exploration are Permian formations in the Delaware Basin and northwest shelf areas at depths of less than 4,000 feet. Most of the reported sulfur occurrences in the shelf area are in the 'Abo' (as used by some subsurface geologists), Yeso, and San Andres Formations and the Artesia Group. Sulfur deposition in the dense dolomites of the 'Abo,' Yeso, and San Andres Formations is attributed to the reduction of ionic sulfate by hydrogen sulfide in formation waters in zones of preexisting porosity and permeability. A similar origin accounts for most of the sulfur deposits in the formations of the Artesia Group, but some of the sulfur in these formations may have originated in place through the alteration of anhydrite to carbonate and sulfur by the metabolic processes of bacteria in the presence of hydrocarbons. Exploration in the Delaware Basin area is directed primarily toward the Castile Formation. Sulfur deposits in the Castile Formation are found in irregular masses of cavernous brecciated secondary carbonate rock enveloped by impermeable anhydrite. The carbonate masses, or 'castiles,' probably originated as collapse features resulting from subsurface solution and upward stopping. Formation of carbonate rock and sulfur in the castiles is attributed to the reduction of brecciated anhydrite by bacteria and hydrocarbons in the same process ascribed to the formation of carbonate and sulfur in the caprocks of salt domes.

  15. Kohn's localization in disordered fermionic systems with and without interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kerala Varma, Vipin; Pilati, Sebastiano

    2015-10-01

    Understanding the metal-insulator transition in disordered many-fermion systems, both with and without interactions, is one of the most challenging and consequential problems in condensed matter physics. In this paper, we address this issue from the perspective of the modern theory of the insulating state (MTIS), which has already proven to be effective for band and Mott insulators in clean systems. First, we consider noninteracting systems with different types of aperiodic external potentials: uncorrelated disorder (one-dimensional Anderson model), deterministic disorder (Aubry-André Hamiltonian and its modification including next-nearest-neighbor hopping), and disorder with long-range correlations (self-affine potential). We show how the many-body localization tensor defined within the MTIS may be used as a powerful probe to discriminate the insulating and the metallic phases, and to locate the transition point. Then, we investigate the effect of weak repulsive interactions in the Aubry-André Hamiltonian, a model which describes a recent cold-atoms experiment. By treating the weak interactions within a mean-field approximation we obtain a linear shift of the transition point towards stronger disorder, providing evidence for delocalization induced by interactions.

  16. Integrals of motion for one-dimensional Anderson localized systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Modak, Ranjan; Mukerjee, Subroto; Yuzbashyan, Emil A.; Shastry, B. Sriram

    2016-03-01

    Anderson localization is known to be inevitable in one-dimension for generic disordered models. Since localization leads to Poissonian energy level statistics, we ask if localized systems possess ‘additional’ integrals of motion as well, so as to enhance the analogy with quantum integrable systems. We answer this in the affirmative in the present work. We construct a set of nontrivial integrals of motion for Anderson localized models, in terms of the original creation and annihilation operators. These are found as a power series in the hopping parameter. The recently found Type-1 Hamiltonians, which are known to be quantum integrable in a precise sense, motivate our construction. We note that these models can be viewed as disordered electron models with infinite-range hopping, where a similar series truncates at the linear order. We show that despite the infinite range hopping, all states but one are localized. We also study the conservation laws for the disorder free Aubry-Andre model, where the states are either localized or extended, depending on the strength of a coupling constant. We formulate a specific procedure for averaging over disorder, in order to examine the convergence of the power series. Using this procedure in the Aubry-Andre model, we show that integrals of motion given by our construction are well-defined in localized phase, but not so in the extended phase. Finally, we also obtain the integrals of motion for a model with interactions to lowest order in the interaction.

  17. Integrals of motion for one-dimensional Anderson localized systems

    SciTech Connect

    Modak, Ranjan; Mukerjee, Subroto; Yuzbashyan, Emil A.; Shastry, B. Sriram

    2016-03-02

    Anderson localization is known to be inevitable in one-dimension for generic disordered models. Since localization leads to Poissonian energy level statistics, we ask if localized systems possess ‘additional’ integrals of motion as well, so as to enhance the analogy with quantum integrable systems. Weanswer this in the affirmative in the present work. We construct a set of nontrivial integrals of motion for Anderson localized models, in terms of the original creation and annihilation operators. These are found as a power series in the hopping parameter. The recently found Type-1 Hamiltonians, which are known to be quantum integrable in a precise sense, motivate our construction.Wenote that these models can be viewed as disordered electron models with infinite-range hopping, where a similar series truncates at the linear order.Weshow that despite the infinite range hopping, all states but one are localized.Wealso study the conservation laws for the disorder free Aubry–Andre model, where the states are either localized or extended, depending on the strength of a coupling constant.Weformulate a specific procedure for averaging over disorder, in order to examine the convergence of the power series. Using this procedure in the Aubry–Andre model, we show that integrals of motion given by our construction are well-defined in localized phase, but not so in the extended phase. Lastly, we also obtain the integrals of motion for a model with interactions to lowest order in the interaction.

  18. Morphology of Labronemella major n. sp. (Nematoda: Dorylaimida), a soil-dwelling nematode from China, including a revised key to species of the genus.

    PubMed

    Wu, W J; Yan, L; Xie, H; Xu, C L; Wang, K; Jin, S Y

    2017-01-01

    One new species from Qinghai Province, China, Labronemella major n. sp., is described. The new species is characterized by a body length of 3.03-3.34 mm; lip region wide, offset by a distinct depression, disc-like with six separated inner liplets; amphid fovea funnel-shaped, distinctly bulged on body surface in scanning electron micrographs; odontostyle long (35-39 μm) with distinct lumen, aperture about 39-47% of its length; odontophore rod-like and long; guiding ring double; pharyngeal basal expansion about half of the total neck length; uterus relatively long and tripartite; vulva transverse and sclerotized; spicules 81-90 μm long; ventromedial supplements 19-23; tail short, rounded to conoid. It can be differentiated from all other species of the genus by its relatively longer body, odontostyle and spicules, and wider lip region. Due to the lip region being offset by a deep constriction, and the long (three or more times the body diameter at mid-body) tripartite uterus, the new species is close to Labronemella czernowitzensis (Micoletzky, 1922) Andrássy, 2002 and Labronemella labiata Andrássy, 1985. An improved key to the genus including the new species is provided.

  19. Lower and middle Guadalupian shelf carbonates, eastern margin of Central Basin platform, Permian basin, west Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Ward, R.F.; Chalcraft, R.G.

    1988-01-01

    Lower and middle Guadalupian shelf carbonates serve as the reservoir for a nearly continuous band of oil fields extending 100 mi along the eastern margin of the Central Basin platform of west Texas. Approximately 5 billion bbl of oil have been produced from stratigraphic-structural traps within the Upper Permian (Gaudalupian Series) dolomites of the San Andrea and Grayburg Formations in Upton, Crane, Ector, Pecos, and Andrews Counties, Texas. The San Andrea and Grayburg Formations are cyclical shallowing-upward carbonate sequences of open shelf through sabkha facies whose depositional strike parallels the eastern margin of the Central Basin platform. Porosity and permeability of reservoir rock are governed by diagenetic processes such as dolomitization, anhydrite porosity occlusion, leaching, silicification, and authigenic clay formation. Self sediments are primarily burrowed wackestones and packstones that locally contain pelletal, skeletal, and ooid grainstones. Typical subtidal shelf sediments are capped by algal-laminated dolomite, nodular anhydritic dolomite, and bedded anhydrite. The fauna is normally sparse and dominated by foraminifera and algae. Less common faunal components include pelecypods, crinoids, sponges, Bryozoa, brachiopods, gastropods, and coral that are associated with the development of small scattered patch reefs. Lowering the sea level during the early Guadalpian initiated basinward progradation of San Andres carbonate facies with hydrocarbon reservoirs best developed in shallow self fusulinid wackestones to packstone and oolitic grainstone. Reservoir dolomites of the Grayburg formation are present east of San Andres fields with optimal reservoir properties occurring near the San Andreas outer shelf margin.

  20. Estimating exploration potential in mature producing area, northwest shelf of Delaware Basin, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Kumar, N.

    1985-11-01

    The case history presented here describes an investigation of the Northwest shelf of the Delaware basin carried out in 1979 for estimating the potential of finding new reserves and a follow-up study to measure predictions against results. A total of 191 new-field wildcats had been drilled during 1974-1979 in the study area. An analysis of target zones and success ratios showed that the best chances of drilling a successful test were in the San Andres (Permian) and Silurian-Devonian. However, cumulative frequency plots of existing fields in these two intervals showed that the chance of finding a field larger than 1 million bbl (159,000 m/sup 3/) in either of these zones was relatively low. As a result of the 1979 analysis, three prospective areas representing 8% of the total study area were high graded, or rated as having a higher potential than other parts of the study area. The 1980-1983 drilling results show that the original high-graded areas contain 52% of the 21 successful San Andres tests and the only discovery in the Silurian-Devonian. However, as predicted by the analysis, all of these discoveries appear to be small. 12 figures, 2 tables.

  1. Aquifer composition and the tendency toward scale-deposit formation during reverse osmosis desalination - Examples from saline ground water in New Mexico, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Huff, G.F.

    2006-01-01

    Desalination is expected to make a substantial contribution to water supply in the United States by 2020. Currently, reverse osmosis is one of the most cost effective and widely used desalination technologies. The tendency to form scale deposits during reverse osmosis is an important factor in determining the suitability of input waters for use in desalination. The tendency toward scale formation of samples of saline ground water from selected geologic units in New Mexico was assessed using simulated evaporation. All saline water samples showed a strong tendency to form CaCO3 scale deposits. Saline ground water samples from the Yeso Formation and the San Andres Limestone showed relatively stronger tendencies to form CaSO4 2H2O scale deposits and relatively weaker tendencies to form SiO2(a) scale deposits than saline ground water samples from the Rio Grande alluvium. Tendencies toward scale formation in saline ground water samples from the Dockum Group were highly variable. The tendencies toward scale formation of saline waters from the Yeso Formation, San Andres Limestone, and Rio Grande alluvium appear to correlate with the mineralogical composition of the geologic units, suggesting that scale-forming tendencies are governed by aquifer composition and water-rock interaction. ?? 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Control of reservoir porosity and permeability by original depositional fabric

    SciTech Connect

    Ruppel, S.C.

    1988-01-01

    The Emma San Andres field exhibits many of the classic signs of a depleted reservoir including declining annual production rates and high water cuts. By the end of 1986, oil production from the Emma reservoir, more than 19 million bbl, totaled nearly 100% of the estimated ultimate recovery. Recent studies, however, indicate that as much as 25 million bbl of recoverable mobile oil still remain in the reservoir. These studies also indicate that the observed poor recovery efficiency (32%, typical for San Andres/Grayburg reservoirs) is due to reservoir heterogeneity caused primarily by variations in original depositional fabric. Two distinct porosity intervals are recognized in the Emma reservoir. The lower interval is composed of fusulinid packstone/wackestone that contains moldic and intercrystalline porosity and low (average 2 md) permeabilities. These deposits are continuous and relatively uniform throughout the area; net pay in this zone is controlled primarily by the field structure, a low-relief northwest-trending anticline. Comparison of production data with faces mapping suggests that most oil production has been controlled by the distribution of skeletal grainstone and not by structure. Effective exploitation of this remaining mobile oil must include selective completion and injection programs based on variations in the distribution of skeletal grainstone. The absence of significant production from local grainstone thicks, for example, points to inefficient drainage in several parts of the field.

  3. Early enteral nutrition after total gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

    PubMed

    Chen, Wei; Zhang, Zheng; Xiong, Maoming; Meng, Xiangling; Dai, Fen; Fang, Jun; Wan, Hong; Wang, Miaofeng

    2014-01-01

    目的:评价胃癌患者全胃切除术后,早期肠内营养(EEN)与全肠外营养 (TPN)的差异。方法:收集2011 年5 月至2013 年5 月我科收治的胃癌全胃 切除患者,术后随机选择EEN 或TPN,对EEN 组和TPN 组患者术前及术后 的营养指标、肝功能、癌症患者营养评估标准(PG-SGA)、术后并发症、住 院时间以及住院费用进行对照研究。结果:符合入选标准的胃癌全胃切除患 者共72 例,其中EEN 组37 例,TPN 组35 例。EEN 组在术后3~5 天低白蛋 白血症逐渐改善,而TPN 组术后21 天才逐渐恢复。EEN 组术后14 天体重较 术前减轻,术后21 天逐渐恢复,而TPN 组在术后21 天内体重无明显恢复 (p<0.05)。两组营养指标有明显统计学差异(p<0.05)。ENN 组和TPN 组 并发症发生率分别为8.1%和25.7%,两组间无明显统计学差异(p>0.05)。 ENN 组住院时间为12.2±2.5 天,TPN 组为14.9±2.9 天(p<0.05),ENN 组和 TPN 组住院费用分别为36472±4833 元人民币和40140±3927 元人民币 (p<0.05)。结论:与TPN 相比,胃癌全胃切除术后选择EEN 安全、患者耐 受性好,并且可以缩短住院时间,减少住院总费用。

  4. Towards the development of innovative multi-mycotoxin reference materials as promising metrological tool for emerging and regulated mycotoxin analyses.

    PubMed

    Tangni, E K; Debongnie, P; Huybrechts, B; Van Hove, F; Callebaut, A

    2017-02-01

    The interest in LC-MS/MS multi-mycotoxin methods unveiled an urgent need for multi-mycotoxin reference material. A multi-fusariotoxin, including deoxynivalenol (DON); zearalenone (ZEN); T-2 toxin (T-2); HT-2 toxin (HT-2); enniatin A, A1, B, and B1 (ENNs); and beauvericin (BEA), contaminated wheat flour was obtained by inoculation Fusarium spp. strains. The candidate material has successfully passed the homogeneity test and submitted to an international interlaboratory study achieved by 19 laboratories from 11 countries using their routine analytical method. The dispersion of the results for ZEN and BEA did not allow the derivation of reliable consensus values, while the assignment was only possible for DON, HT-2, T-2, and ENN A. No link was found between the methods used by the participants and the results. Significant changes in dry matter contents (≥±1.4 % of the initial dry matter) and significant changes in ergosterol contents (≥±10 %) did not occur. Using the mycotoxin contents in wheat flour stored at -80 °C as reference values, statistically significant decreases were observed only for T-2 contents at +24 °C, in contrast to the storage at -20 and +4 °C. For the other involved toxins, the candidate material was found to be stable at -20, +4, or +24 °C. Based on the T-2 decreases, a shelf life of 6 years was derived from isochronous study when the material is kept at -20 °C. At room temperature (e.g., +24 °C) or higher, this time validity drastically decreases down to 6 months. The development of this metrological tool is an important step towards food and feed quality control using multi-mycotoxin analyses. In vivo animal experiments using multi-mycotoxin-contaminated feeds dealing with the carryover or mitigation could further benefit from the methodology of this work.

  5. Fluvial terrace gravels of the "Hochterrasse" (N-Alpine Foreland, Austria): luminescence characteristics of quartz and feldspar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bickel, L.; Lomax, J.; Fiebig, M.

    2012-04-01

    The Northern Alpine Foreland has played a major role in the investigation of glacial and furthermore paleo-climatic events. It was at the beginning of the 20th century, when Albrecht Penck developed the idea of four big alpine glaciations which extended into the alpine foreland. He developed the model of the glacial series in which he correlated terminal moraines with distinguishable terrace bodies. In the case of the fluvial sediments of the Hochterrasse (correlated with marine isotope stage (MIS) 6 in Austrian geological maps) the existence of numerical ages in the Austrian Alpine Foreland is sparse. This study is aimed at shedding light on the luminescence properties of quartz and feldspar derived from Hochterrasse systems in foreland valleys (Traun, Enns and Ybbs valley) so far attributed to the penultimate glaciation. Coarse grain (100-200 µm) K-feldspar and quartz are analyzed by Infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL), post-Infrared Infrared stimulated luminescence (pIRIR) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) methods. One of the issues that arise when dating glaciofluvial quartz from this area is the apparent underestimation of the quartz ages which can vary up to 50% from the calculated IRSL ages. Linearly modulated OSL shows a big contribution of thermally unstable components to the overall equivalent dose (De) which can add to the general underestimation of quartz. Also the measurement of feldspar aliquots is anything but trivial. Luminescence signal intensities are very viable for the samples from the Enns and Traun valley. The samples derived from the Ybbs valley in contrast show very low feldspar signal intensities on most aliquots. Thermal transfer has shown to have negligible impact on the overall paleodose for the feldspar samples (maximum 1% of the paleodose attributed to thermal transfer). In contrast anomalous fading seems to be affecting all feldspar samples. However an assessment of the amount of signal loss in time is difficult to

  6. White plague-like coral disease in remote reefs of the Western Caribbean.

    PubMed

    Sánchez, Juan A; Herrera, Santiago; Navas-Camacho, Raúl; Rodríguez-Ramírez, Alberto; Herron, Pilar; Pizarro, Valeria; Acosta, Alison R; Castillo, Paula A; Montoya, Phanor; Orozco, Carlos

    2010-05-01

    The health of coral reef communities has been decreasing over the last 50 years, due the negative effects of human activities combined with other natural processes. We present documentation of a White Plague Disease (WPD) outbreak in the Serrana Bank, an isolated Western Caribbean atoll with presumably inexistent pollutant inputs from local human settlements. In addition, this study summarizes seven years of observations on diseased corals in the nearby island of San Andrés, which in contrast is one of the most populated islands of the Caribbean. There was a massive coral mortality in the atoll lagoon (14 degrees 27'53.24", 80 degrees 14'22.27" W, and 12m depth) due to WPD on May 4 of 2003. Seventeen species were found dead or largely affected by the disease. The information resulting from GPS and manta-tow transects revealed that approximately 5.8 ha of reticulate Montastraea spp. patch reefs were lethally affected by the disease in the atoll. On May 8 of the same year we observed and calculated a mean coral cover of 7.03% (SD +/- 2.44), a mean diseased coral tissue cover of 5.5% (SD +/- 1.1) and a 13.4% (SD +/- 8.05) of recently dead coral covered with a thin filamentous algae layer; approximately 73% of mortalities caused by the disease occurred before the end of the outbreak. A rough estimate of 18.9% in recent coral cover reduction can be attributed to WPD. This represents about 82% of the total coral cover decline since 1995. Semi-enclosed environments such as atoll lagoons and the reticulate patch-reefs of Montastraea spp. seem to be particularly vulnerable to this kind of coral disease, which constitute an alert to increase the monitoring of the same kind of atoll environments. The WPD has been present in the area of the nearby island of San Andrés at a low prevalence level, with sporadic increasing peaks of disease proliferation. The peaks observed during 1999 and 2004 comprised increases of 266% and 355% respectively, suggesting an alarming progression

  7. High penetrance of a pan-canina type rDNA family in intersection Rosa hybrids suggests strong selection of bivalent chromosomes in the section Caninae.

    PubMed

    Crhak Khaitova, Lucie; Werlemark, Gun; Kovarikova, Alena; Nybom, Hilde; Kovarik, Ales

    2014-01-01

    All dogroses (Rosa sect. Caninae) are characterized by the peculiar canina meiosis in which genetic material is unevenly distributed between female and male gametes. The pan-canina rDNA family (termed beta) appears to be conserved in all dogroses analyzed so far. Here, we have studied rDNAs in experimental hybrids obtained from open pollination of F1 plants derived from 2 independent intersectional crosses between the pentaploid dogrose species (2n = 5x = 35) Rosa rubiginosa as female parent (producing 4x egg cells due to the unique asymmetrical canina meiosis) and the tetraploid (2n = 4x = 28) garden rose R. hybrida 'André Brichet' as male parent (producing 2x pollen after normal meiosis). We analyzed the structure of rDNA units by molecular methods [CAPS and extensive sequencing of internal transcribed spacers (ITS)] and determined the number of loci on chromosomes by FISH. FISH showed that R. rubiginosa and 'André Brichet' harbored 5 and 4 highly heteromorphic rDNA loci, respectively. In the second generation of hybrid lines, we observed a reduced number of loci (4 and 5 instead of the expected 6). In R. rubiginosa and 'André Brichet', 2-3 major ITS types were found which is consistent with a weak homogenization pressure maintaining high diversity of ITS types in this genus. In contrast to expectation (the null hypothesis of Mendelian inheritance of ITS families), we observed reduced ITS diversity in some individuals of the second generation which might derive from self-fertilization or from a backcross to R. rubiginosa. In these individuals, the pan-canina beta family appeared to be markedly enriched, while the paternal families were lost or diminished in copies. Although the mechanism of biased meiotic transmission of certain rDNA types is currently unknown, we speculate that the bivalent-forming chromosomes carrying the beta rDNA family exhibit extraordinary pairing efficiency and/or are subjected to strong selection in Caninae polyploids.

  8. ``Planetário e Teatro Digital Johannes Kepler'' and its Institutional Pedagogical Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faria, R. Z.; Calil, M. R.; Perez, E. R.; Kanashiro, M.; Silva, L. C. P.; Calipo, F.

    2014-10-01

    This work relates the reception of schools, started on August 2012, in the astronomic laboratory of the "Planetário e Teatro Digital Johannes Kepler", located in the "Sabina - Escola Parque do Conhecimento" in Santo André, São Paulo. The idealization of this project, authorship of Marcos Calil, PhD, consists in four apprenticeship environments disposed around the planetary dome. They make reference to the System Sun - Earth - Moon (Tellurium), Solar System, Astronautic and Stars. On Tuesdays and Wednesdays the astronomic laboratory is used by Santo André municipal schools for focused lessons, being possible on Thursdays scheduling for private and public schools. On weekends and holidays is opened for the visitors. Since the inauguration to the beginning of activities with students, the monitor team was guided and trained on contents of Astronomy and Aeronautic to execute the schools service. This is done in four stages, which are: reception, course trough the astronomic laboratory, dome session and activities closure. During the reception the acquaintance rules are passed on for a better visit. Before starting the course the monitors do a survey about the previous knowledge of the students. On the astronomic laboratory resources of the environment are used to explain the contents of Astronomy and Astronautic, always considering the age group and the curriculum developed in classroom. After the course the students watch a planetary session supporting the contents seen on the astronomic laboratory. At the end a feedback is done with the students about the subject discussed. During the visit the teachers fulfill an evaluation about the place and the service. From August 2012 to November 2012 were attended between municipal, public and private schools. From the 4932 students attended, 92% belonged to the municipal network, 5% to the private network and 3% to the public network. From the 189 evaluations done by the teachers, 97.8% were satisfied, 2.1% partially

  9. Altering Reservoir Wettability to Improve Production from Single Wells

    SciTech Connect

    W. W. Weiss

    2006-09-30

    Many carbonate reservoirs are naturally fractured and typically produce less than 10% original oil in place during primary recovery. Spontaneous imbibition has proven an important mechanism for oil recovery from fractured reservoirs, which are usually weak waterflood candidates. In some situations, chemical stimulation can promote imbibition of water to alter the reservoir wettability toward water-wetness such that oil is produced at an economic rate from the rock matrix into fractures. In this project, cores and fluids from five reservoirs were used in laboratory tests: the San Andres formation (Fuhrman Masho and Eagle Creek fields) in the Permian Basin of Texas and New Mexico; and the Interlake, Stony Mountain, and Red River formations from the Cedar Creek Anticline in Montana and South Dakota. Solutions of nonionic, anionic, and amphoteric surfactants with formation water were used to promote waterwetness. Some Fuhrman Masho cores soaked in surfactant solution had improved oil recovery up to 38%. Most Eagle Creek cores did not respond to any of the tested surfactants. Some Cedar Creek anticline cores had good response to two anionic surfactants (CD 128 and A246L). The results indicate that cores with higher permeability responded better to the surfactants. The increased recovery is mainly ascribed to increased water-wetness. It is suspected that rock mineralogy is also an important factor. The laboratory work generated three field tests of the surfactant soak process in the West Fuhrman Masho San Andres Unit. The flawlessly designed tests included mechanical well clean out, installation of new pumps, and daily well tests before and after the treatments. Treatments were designed using artificial intelligence (AI) correlations developed from 23 previous surfactant soak treatments. The treatments were conducted during the last quarter of 2006. One of the wells produced a marginal volume of incremental oil through October. It is interesting to note that the field

  10. Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and Hepatitis Delta (HDV) Viruses in the Colombian Population—How Is the Epidemiological Situation?

    PubMed Central

    Alvarado-Mora, Mónica Viviana; Gutierrez Fernandez, María Fernanda; Gomes-Gouvêa, Michele Soares; de Azevedo Neto, Raymundo Soares; Carrilho, Flair José; Pinho, João Renato Rebello

    2011-01-01

    Background Viral hepatitis B, C and delta still remain a serious problem worldwide. In Colombia, data from 1980s described that HBV and HDV infection are important causes of hepatitis, but little is known about HCV infection. The aim of this study was to determine the currently frequency of HBV, HCV and HDV in four different Colombian regions. Methodology/Principal Findings This study was conducted in 697 habitants from 4 Colombian departments: Amazonas, Chocó, Magdalena and San Andres Islands. Epidemiological data were obtained from an interview applied to each individual aiming to evaluate risk factors related to HBV, HCV or HDV infections. All samples were tested for HBsAg, anti-HBc, anti-HBs and anti-HCV markers. Samples that were positive to HBsAg and/or anti-HBc were tested to anti-HDV. Concerning the geographical origin of the samples, the three HBV markers showed a statistically significant difference: HBsAg (p = 0.033) and anti-HBc (p<0.001) were more frequent in Amazonas and Magdalena departments. Isolated anti-HBs (a marker of previous vaccination) frequencies were: Chocó (53.26%), Amazonas (32.88%), Magdalena (17.0%) and San Andrés (15.33%) - p<0.001. Prevalence of anti-HBc increased with age; HBsAg varied from 1.97 to 8.39% (p = 0.033). Amazonas department showed the highest frequency for anti-HCV marker (5.68%), while the lowest frequency was found in San Andrés Island (0.66%). Anti-HDV was found in 9 (5.20%) out of 173 anti-HBc and/or HBsAg positive samples, 8 of them from the Amazonas region and 1 from them Magdalena department. Conclusions/Significance In conclusion, HBV, HCV and HDV infections are detected throughout Colombia in frequency levels that would place some areas as hyperendemic for HBV, especially those found in Amazonas and Magdalena departments. Novel strategies to increase HBV immunization in the rural population and to strengthen HCV surveillance are reinforced by these results. PMID:21559488

  11. An Intelligent Ensemble Neural Network Model for Wind Speed Prediction in Renewable Energy Systems.

    PubMed

    Ranganayaki, V; Deepa, S N

    2016-01-01

    Various criteria are proposed to select the number of hidden neurons in artificial neural network (ANN) models and based on the criterion evolved an intelligent ensemble neural network model is proposed to predict wind speed in renewable energy applications. The intelligent ensemble neural model based wind speed forecasting is designed by averaging the forecasted values from multiple neural network models which includes multilayer perceptron (MLP), multilayer adaptive linear neuron (Madaline), back propagation neural network (BPN), and probabilistic neural network (PNN) so as to obtain better accuracy in wind speed prediction with minimum error. The random selection of hidden neurons numbers in artificial neural network results in overfitting or underfitting problem. This paper aims to avoid the occurrence of overfitting and underfitting problems. The selection of number of hidden neurons is done in this paper employing 102 criteria; these evolved criteria are verified by the computed various error values. The proposed criteria for fixing hidden neurons are validated employing the convergence theorem. The proposed intelligent ensemble neural model is applied for wind speed prediction application considering the real time wind data collected from the nearby locations. The obtained simulation results substantiate that the proposed ensemble model reduces the error value to minimum and enhances the accuracy. The computed results prove the effectiveness of the proposed ensemble neural network (ENN) model with respect to the considered error factors in comparison with that of the earlier models available in the literature.

  12. Measuring unconscious cognition: Beyond the zero-awareness criterion

    PubMed Central

    Schmidt, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Visual masking can be employed to manipulate observers’ awareness of critical stimuli in studies of masked priming. This paper discusses two different lines of attack for establishing unconscious cognition in such experiments. Firstly, simple dissociations between direct measures (D) of visual awareness and indirect measures (I) of processing per se occur when I has some nonzero value while D is at chance level; the traditional requirement of zero awareness is necessary for this criterion only. In contrast, double dissociations occur when some experimental manipulation has opposite effects on I and D, for instance, increasing priming effects despite decreasing prime identification performance (Schmidt & Vorberg, 2006). Double dissociations require much weaker measurement assumptions than other criteria. An attractive alternative to this dissociation approach would be to use tasks that are known to violate necessary conditions of visual awareness altogether. In particular, it is argued here that priming effects in speeded pointing movements (Schmidt, Niehaus, & Nagel, 2006) occur in the absence of the recurrent processing that is often assumed to be a necessary condition for awareness (for instance, DiLollo, Enns, & Rensink, 2000; Lamme & Roelfsema, 2000). Feedforward tasks such as this might thus be used to measure the time-course of unconscious processing directly, before intracortical feedback and awareness come into play. PMID:20517514

  13. LPI Radar Waveform Recognition Based on Time-Frequency Distribution.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ming; Liu, Lutao; Diao, Ming

    2016-10-12

    In this paper, an automatic radar waveform recognition system in a high noise environment is proposed. Signal waveform recognition techniques are widely applied in the field of cognitive radio, spectrum management and radar applications, etc. We devise a system to classify the modulating signals widely used in low probability of intercept (LPI) radar detection systems. The radar signals are divided into eight types of classifications, including linear frequency modulation (LFM), BPSK (Barker code modulation), Costas codes and polyphase codes (comprising Frank, P1, P2, P3 and P4). The classifier is Elman neural network (ENN), and it is a supervised classification based on features extracted from the system. Through the techniques of image filtering, image opening operation, skeleton extraction, principal component analysis (PCA), image binarization algorithm and Pseudo-Zernike moments, etc., the features are extracted from the Choi-Williams time-frequency distribution (CWD) image of the received data. In order to reduce the redundant features and simplify calculation, the features selection algorithm based on mutual information between classes and features vectors are applied. The superiority of the proposed classification system is demonstrated by the simulations and analysis. Simulation results show that the overall ratio of successful recognition (RSR) is 94.7% at signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of -2 dB.

  14. Sources et impacts potentiels des micropolluants chimiques sur un écosystème littoral exploité: l'exemple des côtes des Charente-Maritime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miramand, P.; Guyot, T.; Pigeot, J.

    2003-06-01

    Le littoral picto-charentais est une zone à fortes activités économiques liées à l'aquaculture, à la pêche et au tourisme. Toutes ces activités demandent une très bonne qualité des eaux et de l'environnement en général. Or, cette zone littorale est soumise à de nombreux apports de micropolluants: métaux lourds, phytosanitaires, hydrocarbures, organochlorés.... Les sources en sont nombreuses: apports fluviatiles et atmosphériques, rejets diffus et rejets directs. Les risques dus à cette pollution sont multiples que ce soit au niveau dcs organismes, au niveau des écosystèmes ou des consommateurs. De ce fait, les contaminants majeurs (métaux lourds, organochlorés. hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques) et leurs impacts éventuels sur les écosystèmes font l'objet de veille environnementale (réseaux de surveillance ou d'observatoires de l'environnement) et de mesures de prévention se traduisant par la définition de normes de rejets ou de contamination décidées à l'échelle européenne.

  15. Success Stories in Control: Nonlinear Dynamic Inversion Control

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bosworth, John T.

    2010-01-01

    NASA plays an important role in advancing the state of the art in flight control systems. In the case of Nonlinear Dynamic Inversion (NDI) NASA supported initial implementation of the theory in an aircraft and demonstration in a space vehicle. Dr. Dale Enns of Honeywell Aerospace Advanced Technology performed this work in cooperation with NASA and under NASA contract. Honeywell and Lockheed Martin were subsequently contracted by AFRL to create "Design Guidelines for Multivariable Control Theory". This foundational work directly contributed to the advancement of the technology and the credibility of the control law as a design option. As a result Honeywell collaborated with Lockheed Martin to produce a Nonlinear Dynamic Inversion controller for the X-35 and subsequently Lockheed Martin did the same for the production Lockheed Martin F-35 vehicle. The theory behind NDI is to use a systematic generalized approach to controlling a vehicle. Using general aircraft nonlinear equations of motion and onboard aerodynamic, mass properties, and engine models specific to the vehicle, a relationship between control effectors and desired aircraft motion can be formulated. Using this formulation a control combination is used that provides a predictable response to commanded motion. Control loops around this formulation shape the response as desired and provide robustness to modeling errors. Once the control law is designed it can be used on a similar class of vehicle with only an update to the vehicle specific onboard models.

  16. An Intelligent Ensemble Neural Network Model for Wind Speed Prediction in Renewable Energy Systems

    PubMed Central

    Ranganayaki, V.; Deepa, S. N.

    2016-01-01

    Various criteria are proposed to select the number of hidden neurons in artificial neural network (ANN) models and based on the criterion evolved an intelligent ensemble neural network model is proposed to predict wind speed in renewable energy applications. The intelligent ensemble neural model based wind speed forecasting is designed by averaging the forecasted values from multiple neural network models which includes multilayer perceptron (MLP), multilayer adaptive linear neuron (Madaline), back propagation neural network (BPN), and probabilistic neural network (PNN) so as to obtain better accuracy in wind speed prediction with minimum error. The random selection of hidden neurons numbers in artificial neural network results in overfitting or underfitting problem. This paper aims to avoid the occurrence of overfitting and underfitting problems. The selection of number of hidden neurons is done in this paper employing 102 criteria; these evolved criteria are verified by the computed various error values. The proposed criteria for fixing hidden neurons are validated employing the convergence theorem. The proposed intelligent ensemble neural model is applied for wind speed prediction application considering the real time wind data collected from the nearby locations. The obtained simulation results substantiate that the proposed ensemble model reduces the error value to minimum and enhances the accuracy. The computed results prove the effectiveness of the proposed ensemble neural network (ENN) model with respect to the considered error factors in comparison with that of the earlier models available in the literature. PMID:27034973

  17. Astronomical Books and Charts in the Book of Bibliographie Coreenne

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Ki-Won; Yang, Hong-Jin; Park, Myeong-Gu

    2008-06-01

    We investigate astronomical materials listed in the book of Bibliographie Coréenne written by Maurice Courant. He classified ancient Korean books into nine Divisions (?) and thirty six Classes (?), and published them as three volumes (ranging from 1894 to 1896) and one supplement (in 1901). In total, 3,821 books including astronomical ones are listed together with information on physical size, possessional place, bibliographical note, and so forth. Although this book is an essential one in the field of Korea bibliography and contains many astronomical materials such as Cheon-Mun-Ryu-Cho ????, Si-Heon-Seo ??????, and Cheon-Sang-Yeol-Cha-Bun-Ya-Ji-Do ????????, it has not been well known to the public nor to astronomical society. Of 3,821 catalogues, we found that about 50 Items (?) are related to astronomy or astrology, and verified that most ! of them are located in the Kyujanggak Royal Library ???. We also found an unknown astronomical chart, Hon-Cheon-Chong-Seong-Yeol-Cha-Bun-Ya-Ji-Do ??????????. Because those astronomical materials are not well known to international astronomical community and there have been few studies on the materials in Korea, we here introduce and review them, particularly with the astronomical viewpoint.

  18. Maladie de kaposi classique avec atteinte surrénalienne: un nouveau cas

    PubMed Central

    Bouzidi, Hanae; Gallouj, Salim; Krich, Sanae; Mernissi, Fatima Zahra

    2014-01-01

    La maladie de kaposi est une pathologie connue généralement dans sa forme épidémique associée au sida ou celle endémique présente dans l'Afrique subsaharienne. La forme classique de cette maladie ou dite également méditerranéenne n'est pas bien connue étant assez rare. Elle touche les hommes âgés HIV séronégatifs originaires de l'Europe centrale, l'Europe de l'Est et les méditerranéens. Elle se manifeste essentiellement par une atteinte cutanée, éventuellement muqueuse mais l'atteinte viscérale reste moins fréquente, dominée par l'atteinte osseuse, pulmonaire et gastrique. La localisation surrénalienne est inhabituelle et très rare. Nous rapportons ce nouveau cas pour mettre le point sur cette pathologie rare et signaler cette localisation atypique. PMID:25170378

  19. Two Invaders Instead of One: The True Identity of Species under the Name Ceracis cucullatus (Coleoptera: Ciidae)

    PubMed Central

    Antunes-Carvalho, Caio; Lopes-Andrade, Cristiano

    2013-01-01

    The Neotropical obligate fungivorous beetle Ceracis cucullatus (Mellié) has attracted attention of coleopterists due to the increasing number of records of populations in Africa. Although its disjunct populations have been interpreted as a cohesive taxonomic unity, previous comparisons between African and Neotropical specimens revealed differences in their external morphology, causing uncertainty about the true unity of the species. Here, we compare the external morphology of specimens named Cer. cucullatus from several localities of the Neotropical, Palearctic, Afrotropical, Afrotemperate and Oriental regions. As results, we reverse three previous junior synonymies of Cer. cucullatus, proposing Cer. lamellatus (Pic) and Cer. tabellifer (Mellié), both reinstated status and new combinations, as separate species. We also propose Enn. bilamellatum Pic as a new synonym of Cer. tabellifer. In face of these taxonomic changes, we identify Cer. tabellifer as the actual invasive species on African lands, instead of Cer. cucullatus as was previously accepted. Then, through historical records gathered from scientific collections and literature, and through examination of recently collected specimens from South Africa and Brazil, we provide data on host fungi and geographic distribution of Cer. tabellifer. Based on these data, we discuss possible explanations to the successful invasion of Cer. tabellifer in Africa and elsewhere and its potential threat to native faunas of ciids. This study helps to fulfil an old gap in the literature on biological invasions, with considerably more studies on predatory species, disease vectors or potential pests of agricultural crops, than on non-pest fungivorous organisms. PMID:24015233

  20. Limited Awareness of the Essences of Certification or Compliance Markings on Medical Devices.

    PubMed

    Foo, Jong Yong Abdiel; Tan, Xin Ji Alan

    2016-11-28

    Medical devices have been long used for odiagnostic, therapeutic or rehabilitation purposes. Currently, they can range from a low-cost portable device that is often used for personal health monitoring to high-end sophisticated equipment that can only be operated by trained professionals. Depending on the functional purposes, there are different certification or compliance markings on the device when it is sold. One common certification marking is the Conformité Européenne affixation but this has a range of certification mark numbering for a variety of functional purposes. While the regulators and medical device manufacturers understand the associated significance and clinical implications, these may not be apparent to the professionals (using or maintaining the device) and the general public. With portable healthcare devices and mobile applications gaining popularity, better awareness of certification marking will be needed. Particularly, there are differences in the allowed functional purposes and the associated cost derivations of devices with a seemingly similar nature. A preferred approach such as an easy-to-understand notation next to any certification marking on a device can aid in differentiation without the need to digest mountainous regulatory details.