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Sample records for environmental solutions require

  1. Environmental Requirements Management

    SciTech Connect

    Cusack, Laura J.; Bramson, Jeffrey E.; Archuleta, Jose A.; Frey, Jeffrey A.

    2015-01-08

    CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CH2M HILL) is the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) prime contractor responsible for the environmental cleanup of the Hanford Site Central Plateau. As part of this responsibility, the CH2M HILL is faced with the task of complying with thousands of environmental requirements which originate from over 200 federal, state, and local laws and regulations, DOE Orders, waste management and effluent discharge permits, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) response and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) corrective action documents, and official regulatory agency correspondence. The challenge is to manage this vast number of requirements to ensure they are appropriately and effectively integrated into CH2M HILL operations. Ensuring compliance with a large number of environmental requirements relies on an organization’s ability to identify, evaluate, communicate, and verify those requirements. To ensure that compliance is maintained, all changes need to be tracked. The CH2M HILL identified that the existing system used to manage environmental requirements was difficult to maintain and that improvements should be made to increase functionality. CH2M HILL established an environmental requirements management procedure and tools to assure that all environmental requirements are effectively and efficiently managed. Having a complete and accurate set of environmental requirements applicable to CH2M HILL operations will promote a more efficient approach to: • Communicating requirements • Planning work • Maintaining work controls • Maintaining compliance

  2. A Solution Framework for Environmental Characterization Problems

    EPA Science Inventory

    This paper describes experiences developing a grid-enabled framework for solving environmental inverse problems. The solution approach taken here couples environmental simulation models with global search methods and requires readily available computational resources of the grid ...

  3. Federal Environmental Reporting Requirements Handbook

    SciTech Connect

    1990-05-01

    The Environmental Reporting Requirements Handbook has been developed by DOE Headquarters' Environmental Guidance Division (EH-231) in order to assist DOE Field Organizations in the identification of the various reporting the notification requirements mandated by Federal environmental laws, regulations, and Executive Orders. The Handbook makes a distinction between ''routine'' and ''non-routine'' reporting/notification requirements. Routine reporting requirements include the submission of documents that are required either on a regular basis, such as annual or biennial reports, or periodic notifications that result from what would be considered ''normal'' operations, such as Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) updates that are required when new information not contained on previous MSDS submissions is discovered. Non-routine reporting requirements are generally associated with occurrences that represent significant deviations from regulated or planned performance; examples include the unintentional discharge of oil or hazardous substances.

  4. 7 CFR 3560.3 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.3 Section 3560.3... Environmental requirements. RHS will consider environmental impacts of proposed housing as equal with economic... a manner that protects, enhances, and restores environmental quality. Loan and grant processing...

  5. 7 CFR 3575.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3575.9 Section 3575.9... AGRICULTURE GENERAL Community Programs Guaranteed Loans § 3575.9 Environmental requirements. Requirements for an environmental review or mitigation actions are contained in part 1940, subpart G, of this...

  6. 7 CFR 4284.907 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... § 4284.907 Environmental requirements. All grants awarded under this subpart are subject to the environmental requirements in subpart G of 7 CFR part 1940 or successor regulations. Applications for planning... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 4284.907 Section...

  7. 7 CFR 3550.5 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... accordance with the requirements provided in 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G which addresses environmental... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3550.5 Section 3550.5... AGRICULTURE DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.5 Environmental requirements....

  8. 7 CFR 771.6 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 771.6 Section 771.6... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS BOLL WEEVIL ERADICATION LOAN PROGRAM § 771.6 Environmental requirements. No loan will be made until all Federal and state statutory and regulatory environmental requirements have...

  9. 7 CFR 1944.672 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1944.672 Section 1944.672...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.672 Environmental requirements. Subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter will be followed regarding environmental requirements....

  10. 7 CFR 1944.672 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1944.672 Section 1944.672...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.672 Environmental requirements. Subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter will be followed regarding environmental requirements....

  11. 7 CFR 771.6 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 771.6 Section 771.6... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS BOLL WEEVIL ERADICATION LOAN PROGRAM § 771.6 Environmental requirements. No loan will be made until all Federal and state statutory and regulatory environmental requirements have...

  12. 7 CFR 1944.672 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1944.672 Section 1944.672...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.672 Environmental requirements. Subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter will be followed regarding environmental requirements....

  13. 7 CFR 1944.672 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1944.672 Section 1944.672...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.672 Environmental requirements. Subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter will be followed regarding environmental requirements....

  14. 7 CFR 3560.59 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G, or any successor regulation. Likewise, the applicant should be... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.59 Section 3560.59... Environmental requirements. Under the National Environmental Policy Act, the Agency is required to assess...

  15. 7 CFR 3560.59 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G, or any successor regulation. Likewise, the applicant should be... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.59 Section 3560.59... Environmental requirements. Under the National Environmental Policy Act, the Agency is required to assess...

  16. 7 CFR 771.6 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 771.6 Section 771.6... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS BOLL WEEVIL ERADICATION LOAN PROGRAM § 771.6 Environmental requirements. No loan will be made until all Federal and state statutory and regulatory environmental requirements have...

  17. 7 CFR 771.6 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 771.6 Section 771.6... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS BOLL WEEVIL ERADICATION LOAN PROGRAM § 771.6 Environmental requirements. No loan will be made until all Federal and state statutory and regulatory environmental requirements have...

  18. 7 CFR 3575.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3575.9 Section 3575.9... AGRICULTURE GENERAL Community Programs Guaranteed Loans § 3575.9 Environmental requirements. Requirements for an environmental review or mitigation actions are contained in part 1940, subpart G, of this...

  19. 7 CFR 1980.316 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.316 Section 1980.316...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Rural Housing Loans § 1980.316 Environmental requirements. The... completing environmental assessments when necessary. The RHS approval official will utilize...

  20. 7 CFR 1980.316 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.316 Section 1980.316...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Rural Housing Loans § 1980.316 Environmental requirements. The... completing environmental assessments when necessary. The RHS approval official will utilize...

  1. 7 CFR 3555.5 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3555.5 Section 3555.5... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL HOUSING PROGRAM (Eff. 9-1-14) General § 3555.5 Environmental requirements. (a) Policy. Rural Development will consider environmental quality, economic, social, and other...

  2. 7 CFR 1951.210 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1951.210 Section 1951.210... Programs Loans and Grants § 1951.210 Environmental requirements. Servicing activities such as transfers... for compliance with subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter. The appropriate environmental review...

  3. 7 CFR 1779.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1779.9 Section 1779.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL PROGRAMS GUARANTEED LOANS § 1779.9 Environmental requirements. Facilities financed must undergo an environmental impact analysis in accordance with the...

  4. 7 CFR 1951.210 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1951.210 Section 1951.210... Programs Loans and Grants § 1951.210 Environmental requirements. Servicing activities such as transfers... for compliance with subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter. The appropriate environmental review...

  5. 7 CFR 1779.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1779.9 Section 1779.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL PROGRAMS GUARANTEED LOANS § 1779.9 Environmental requirements. Facilities financed must undergo an environmental impact analysis in accordance with the...

  6. 24 CFR 1007.40 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 1007.40... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.40 Environmental requirements... any loan, there must be compliance with environmental review procedures to the extent applicable...

  7. 24 CFR 1007.40 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 1007.40... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.40 Environmental requirements... any loan, there must be compliance with environmental review procedures to the extent applicable...

  8. 24 CFR 1007.40 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 1007.40... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.40 Environmental requirements... any loan, there must be compliance with environmental review procedures to the extent applicable...

  9. 7 CFR 1951.210 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1951.210 Section 1951.210... Programs Loans and Grants § 1951.210 Environmental requirements. Servicing activities such as transfers... for compliance with subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter. The appropriate environmental review...

  10. 7 CFR 3560.3 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... accordance with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G or any successor regulation. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.3 Section 3560.3... Environmental requirements. RHS will consider environmental impacts of proposed housing as equal with...

  11. 7 CFR 1779.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1779.9 Section 1779.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL PROGRAMS GUARANTEED LOANS § 1779.9 Environmental requirements. Facilities financed must undergo an environmental impact analysis in accordance with the...

  12. 24 CFR 1007.40 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 1007.40... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.40 Environmental requirements... any loan, there must be compliance with environmental review procedures to the extent applicable...

  13. 7 CFR 1980.316 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1980.316 Section 1980.316...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Rural Housing Loans § 1980.316 Environmental requirements. The... completing environmental assessments when necessary. The RHS approval official will utilize...

  14. 24 CFR 1007.40 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 1007.40... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.40 Environmental requirements... any loan, there must be compliance with environmental review procedures to the extent applicable...

  15. 7 CFR 1779.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1779.9 Section 1779.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL PROGRAMS GUARANTEED LOANS § 1779.9 Environmental requirements. Facilities financed must undergo an environmental impact analysis in accordance with the...

  16. 7 CFR 3560.3 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... accordance with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G or any successor regulation. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.3 Section 3560.3... Environmental requirements. RHS will consider environmental impacts of proposed housing as equal with...

  17. 7 CFR 1980.316 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.316 Section 1980.316...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Rural Housing Loans § 1980.316 Environmental requirements. The... completing environmental assessments when necessary. The RHS approval official will utilize...

  18. 7 CFR 1951.210 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1951.210 Section 1951.210... Programs Loans and Grants § 1951.210 Environmental requirements. Servicing activities such as transfers... for compliance with subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter. The appropriate environmental review...

  19. 7 CFR 3550.5 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... accordance with the requirements provided in 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G which addresses environmental requirements and 7 CFR part 1924, subpart A, which addresses lead-based paint. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3550.5 Section...

  20. 7 CFR 3550.5 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... accordance with the requirements provided in 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G which addresses environmental requirements and 7 CFR part 1924, subpart A, which addresses lead-based paint. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3550.5 Section...

  1. 7 CFR 1774.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SPECIAL EVALUATION ASSISTANCE FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES AND HOUSEHOLDS PROGRAM (SEARCH) General Provisions § 1774.7 Environmental requirements. The policies and regulations contained in 7...

  2. 7 CFR 1774.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SPECIAL EVALUATION ASSISTANCE FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES AND HOUSEHOLDS PROGRAM (SEARCH) General Provisions § 1774.7 Environmental requirements. The policies and regulations contained in 7...

  3. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PROGRAM Direct Loan Program § 611.106 Environmental requirements. (a)(1) In general. Environmental review... impact, records of decision etc., to the affected public. See 40 CFR 1506.6(b). The comprehensive... environmental assessment and findings of no significant impact, pursuant to the procedures set forth in 10...

  4. 24 CFR 906.47 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... requirements. (a) General. HUD environmental regulations at 24 CFR part 58 apply to this part, unless, under § 58.11 of this title, HUD itself performs the environmental review under 24 CFR part 50. The PHA... performs the environmental review, the PHA shall comply with 24 CFR 50.3(h). (g) Non-exclusivity....

  5. 24 CFR 906.47 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... requirements. (a) General. HUD environmental regulations at 24 CFR part 58 apply to this part, unless, under § 58.11 of this title, HUD itself performs the environmental review under 24 CFR part 50. The PHA... performs the environmental review, the PHA shall comply with 24 CFR 50.3(h). (g) Non-exclusivity....

  6. 7 CFR 1774.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) General Provisions § 1774.7 Environmental requirements. The policies and regulations contained in 7 CFR... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1774.7 Section 1774.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...

  7. 7 CFR 772.4 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 772.4 Section 772.4... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS SERVICING MINOR PROGRAM LOANS § 772.4 Environmental requirements. Servicing... of security will be reviewed for compliance with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G and the exhibits to...

  8. 7 CFR 1782.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1782.9 Section 1782.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.9 Environmental requirements. Servicing actions involving lease or sale of Agency-owned property will be reviewed for compliance with 7 CFR...

  9. 7 CFR 774.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 774.9 Section 774.9... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS EMERGENCY LOAN FOR SEED PRODUCERS PROGRAM § 774.9 Environmental requirements. The loan actions in this part were reviewed for the purpose of compliance with the National...

  10. 7 CFR 1782.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1782.9 Section 1782.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.9 Environmental requirements. Servicing actions involving lease or sale of Agency-owned property will be reviewed for compliance with 7 CFR...

  11. 7 CFR 772.4 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 772.4 Section 772.4... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS SERVICING MINOR PROGRAM LOANS § 772.4 Environmental requirements. Servicing... of security will be reviewed for compliance with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G and the exhibits to...

  12. 7 CFR 774.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 774.9 Section 774.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS EMERGENCY LOAN FOR SEED PRODUCERS PROGRAM § 774.9 Environmental requirements....

  13. 7 CFR 774.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 774.9 Section 774.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS EMERGENCY LOAN FOR SEED PRODUCERS PROGRAM § 774.9 Environmental requirements....

  14. 7 CFR 774.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 774.9 Section 774.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS EMERGENCY LOAN FOR SEED PRODUCERS PROGRAM § 774.9 Environmental requirements....

  15. 7 CFR 1782.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.9 Environmental requirements. Servicing actions involving lease or sale of Agency-owned property will be reviewed for compliance with 7 CFR part... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1782.9 Section...

  16. 7 CFR 1782.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.9 Environmental requirements. Servicing actions involving lease or sale of Agency-owned property will be reviewed for compliance with 7 CFR part... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1782.9 Section...

  17. 7 CFR 3565.255 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... not be approved until the Agency has completed the environmental review in accordance with 7 CFR part... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3565.255 Section 3565.255... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Property Requirements § 3565.255...

  18. 7 CFR 3565.255 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... mitigate adverse impacts to protected resources may require a change in site or project design. A site will not be approved until the Agency has completed the environmental review in accordance with 7 CFR...

  19. 7 CFR 3565.255 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... mitigate adverse impacts to protected resources may require a change in site or project design. A site will not be approved until the Agency has completed the environmental review in accordance with 7 CFR...

  20. 7 CFR 3565.255 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... mitigate adverse impacts to protected resources may require a change in site or project design. A site will not be approved until the Agency has completed the environmental review in accordance with 7 CFR...

  1. 7 CFR 3565.255 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... mitigate adverse impacts to protected resources may require a change in site or project design. A site will not be approved until the Agency has completed the environmental review in accordance with 7 CFR...

  2. 7 CFR 1775.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1775.7 Section 1775.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS General Provisions § 1775.7 Environmental...

  3. 7 CFR 1775.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1775.7 Section 1775.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS General Provisions § 1775.7 Environmental...

  4. 24 CFR 906.47 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Submission and Approval § 906.47 Environmental... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 906.47 Section 906.47 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN...

  5. 24 CFR 906.47 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Submission and Approval § 906.47 Environmental... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 906.47 Section 906.47 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN...

  6. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... actions” subject to NEPA procedures are discussed generally in 40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508. (ii) With... remodeling. (3) Environmental information required from the Lender. (i) Environmental data or documentation... threshold review from qualified data sources, such as a Federal, State or local agency with expertise...

  7. 7 CFR 1775.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1775.7 Section 1775.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS General Provisions § 1775.7 Environmental...

  8. 7 CFR 1775.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1775.7 Section 1775.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS General Provisions § 1775.7 Environmental...

  9. Environmental assessment requirements for live biological drugs.

    PubMed

    Sutton, Ann

    2008-02-01

    Marketing approval of biological products by the US Food and Drug Administration must comply with requirements of Code of Federal Regulations title 21 part 25, "Environmental Impact Considerations." An environmental impact statement is usually not required. Environmental assessment is required unless excluded. As naturally occurring substances, biological products qualify for categorical exclusion if manufacture and use do not significantly alter their concentration or distribution in the human environment. The manufacturing process and establishment descriptions in the license application should include enough detail to ensure that waste is controlled and inactivated. During clinical development of a live biotherapeutic product, data should be collected regarding the shedding of live organisms from treated patients. The ability of the live organism to persist in the environment should be assessed, and instructions for safe handling by health care providers and consumers should be incorporated into the package insert.

  10. Environmental assessment requirements for live biological drugs.

    PubMed

    Sutton, Ann

    2008-02-01

    Marketing approval of biological products by the US Food and Drug Administration must comply with requirements of Code of Federal Regulations title 21 part 25, "Environmental Impact Considerations." An environmental impact statement is usually not required. Environmental assessment is required unless excluded. As naturally occurring substances, biological products qualify for categorical exclusion if manufacture and use do not significantly alter their concentration or distribution in the human environment. The manufacturing process and establishment descriptions in the license application should include enough detail to ensure that waste is controlled and inactivated. During clinical development of a live biotherapeutic product, data should be collected regarding the shedding of live organisms from treated patients. The ability of the live organism to persist in the environment should be assessed, and instructions for safe handling by health care providers and consumers should be incorporated into the package insert. PMID:18181713

  11. Environmental impact of offshore operation reduced using innovative engineering solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Ritchie, C.J.; Wensel, E.A.; Edelblum, L.S.; Beal, D.

    1994-12-31

    The North Dauphin Island Tract 73 platform is located in eleven feet (3.4 m) of water and one mile (1.6 km) from shore in Mobile Bay, Alabama. The platform is designed to dehydrate and compress up to 70 MMSCFD (1.98 x 10{sup 6} SM{sup 3}) from five remote gas production wells. Located near the city of Mobile, Alabama, the surrounding metropolitan and coastal areas has multiple uses including manufacturing, tourism, commercial and sport fishing, and wetlands and wildlife conservation. The multiple and interdependent economic uses of the area required that the platform be designed to minimize any adverse environmental impact. A cost-effective environmental engineering solution was desired at the design phase of the project. A water catchment, containment and disposal system was designed to meet the zero discharge requirement. Pollution from air emissions was reduced by the installation of lean burning engines. A floatover installation process was used to prevent dredging of the bay, thus protecting the bay water quality. An aesthetically concealing paint and lighting scheme was chosen and applied to the entire structure. These cost-effective engineering solutions during the design phase of the project saved time and money over the life of the project. All regulatory permits were obtained in a timely manner, with little or no opposition. The operator of the North Dauphin Island Development won several environmental awards due to the implementation of innovative solutions and their commitment to conservation of the natural environment.

  12. Integrated computational and conceptual solutions for complex environmental information management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rückemann, Claus-Peter

    2016-06-01

    This paper presents the recent results of the integration of computational and conceptual solutions for the complex case of environmental information management. The solution for the major goal of creating and developing long-term multi-disciplinary knowledge resources and conceptual and computational support was achieved by implementing and integrating key components. The key components are long-term knowledge resources providing required structures for universal knowledge creation, documentation, and preservation, universal multi-disciplinary and multi-lingual conceptual knowledge and classification, especially, references to Universal Decimal Classification (UDC), sustainable workflows for environmental information management, and computational support for dynamical use, processing, and advanced scientific computing with Integrated Information and Computing System (IICS) components and High End Computing (HEC) resources.

  13. Environmental and customer-driven seal requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hendricks, Robert C.

    1994-07-01

    Public awareness of environmental hazards, well-publicized effects of hazardous leakages (Three Mile Island, Challenger), and a general concern for planet earth have precipitated emission limits that drive the design requirements for seals applications. Types of seals, barrier fluids, and the necessity of thin lubricating films and stable turbomachine operation to minimize leakage and material losses generated by rubbing contact are discussed.

  14. Environmental and customer-driven seal requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hendricks, Robert C.

    1994-01-01

    Public awareness of environmental hazards, well-publicized effects of hazardous leakages (Three Mile Island, Challenger), and a general concern for planet earth have precipitated emission limits that drive the design requirements for seals applications. Types of seals, barrier fluids, and the necessity of thin lubricating films and stable turbomachine operation to minimize leakage and material losses generated by rubbing contact are discussed.

  15. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  16. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  17. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  18. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  19. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  20. 7 CFR 772.4 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... of security will be reviewed for compliance with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G and the exhibits to that subpart and 7 CFR part 799. ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 772.4 Section...

  1. 7 CFR 772.4 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... of security will be reviewed for compliance with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G and the exhibits to that subpart and 7 CFR part 799. ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 772.4 Section...

  2. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Implementing Section 102(2) Environmental Reports and Information-Requirements Applicable to Applicants and... uses. environmental reports—general requirements ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirement to submit environmental information....

  3. 77 FR 45337 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ... remediation; (b) mercury emissions control from power plants; (c) emissions control from large marine diesel... environmental solution category of interest from the following list: (a) Groundwater remediation (b)...

  4. Electric airplane environmental control systems energy requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Buss, L.B.

    1984-05-01

    The electric airplane environmental control system (ECS) design drivers is discussed for an electric airplane from two aspects. The first aspect considered is the type of aircraft. The three examples selected are the 150-passenger commercial airline transport, the military on-station electronic-surveillance patrol aircraft, and the air-defense interceptor fighter. These vehicle examples illustrate the effect of both mission and mission profile on the design requirements of the ECS and the differences that the requirements make on the resulting advantages and disadvantages of electrification. For the commercial transport, the selection of the air source for ventilation will be featured. For the patrol aircraft, the cooling unit will be evaluated. For the fighter, emphasis will be placed on the need for systems integration. The second and more important consideration is the definition of the environmental control system requirements for both energy supply and heat sink thermal management integration from the power plant (engine) that make an electric ECS viable for each type of vehicle.

  5. Scientific Solutions to Nuclear Waste Environmental Challenges

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, Bradley R.

    2014-01-30

    The Hidden Cost of Nuclear Weapons The Cold War arms race drove an intense plutonium production program in the U.S. This campaign produced approximately 100 tons of plutonium over 40 years. The epicenter of plutonium production in the United States was the Hanford site, a 586 square mile reservation owned by the Department of Energy and located on the Colombia River in Southeastern Washington. Plutonium synthesis relied on nuclear reactors to convert uranium to plutonium within the reactor fuel rods. After a sufficient amount of conversion occurred, the rods were removed from the reactor and allowed to cool. They were then dissolved in an acid bath and chemically processed to separate and purify plutonium from the rest of the constituents in the used reactor fuel. The acidic waste was then neutralized using sodium hydroxide and the resulting mixture of liquids and precipitates (small insoluble particles) was stored in huge underground waste tanks. The byproducts of the U.S. plutonium production campaign include over 53 million gallons of high-level radioactive waste stored in 177 large underground tanks at Hanford and another 34 million gallons stored at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. This legacy nuclear waste represents one of the largest environmental clean-up challenges facing the world today. The nuclear waste in the Hanford tanks is a mixture of liquids and precipitates that have settled into sludge. Some of these tanks are now over 60 years old and a small number of them are leaking radioactive waste into the ground and contaminating the environment. The solution to this nuclear waste challenge is to convert the mixture of solids and liquids into a durable material that won't disperse into the environment and create hazards to the biosphere. What makes this difficult is the fact that the radioactive half-lives of some of the radionuclides in the waste are thousands to millions of years long. (The half-life of a radioactive substance is the amount

  6. Comparison of non-ideal solution theories for multi-solute solutions in cryobiology and tabulation of required coefficients.

    PubMed

    Zielinski, Michal W; McGann, Locksley E; Nychka, John A; Elliott, Janet A W

    2014-10-01

    Thermodynamic solution theories allow the prediction of chemical potentials in solutions of known composition. In cryobiology, such models are a critical component of many mathematical models that are used to simulate the biophysical processes occurring in cells and tissues during cryopreservation. A number of solution theories, both thermodynamically ideal and non-ideal, have been proposed for use with cryobiological solutions. In this work, we have evaluated two non-ideal solution theories for predicting water chemical potential (i.e. osmolality) in multi-solute solutions relevant to cryobiology: the Elliott et al. form of the multi-solute osmotic virial equation, and the Kleinhans and Mazur freezing point summation model. These two solution theories require fitting to only single-solute data, although they can make predictions in multi-solute solutions. The predictions of these non-ideal solution theories were compared to predictions made using ideal dilute assumptions and to available literature multi-solute experimental osmometric data. A single, consistent set of literature single-solute solution data was used to fit for the required solute-specific coefficients for each of the non-ideal models. Our results indicate that the two non-ideal solution theories have similar overall performance, and both give more accurate predictions than ideal models. These results can be used to select between the non-ideal models for a specific multi-solute solution, and the updated coefficients provided in this work can be used to make the desired predictions.

  7. Biological and Environmental Research Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Balaji, V.; Boden, Tom; Cowley, Dave; Dart, Eli; Dattoria, Vince; Desai, Narayan; Egan, Rob; Foster, Ian; Goldstone, Robin; Gregurick, Susan; Houghton, John; Izaurralde, Cesar; Johnston, Bill; Joseph, Renu; Kleese-van Dam, Kerstin; Lipton, Mary; Monga, Inder; Pritchard, Matt; Rotman, Lauren; Strand, Gary; Stuart, Cory; Tatusova, Tatiana; Tierney, Brian; Thomas, Brian; Williams, Dean N.; Zurawski, Jason

    2013-09-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of SC programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 25 years. In November 2012, ESnet and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) of the DOE SC organized a review to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by the BER program office. Several key findings resulted from the review. Among them: 1) The scale of data sets available to science collaborations continues to increase exponentially. This has broad impact, both on the network and on the computational and storage systems connected to the network. 2) Many science collaborations require assistance to cope with the systems and network engineering challenges inherent in managing the rapid growth in data scale. 3) Several science domains operate distributed facilities that rely on high-performance networking for success. Key examples illustrated in this report include the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) and the Systems Biology Knowledgebase (KBase). This report expands on these points, and addresses others as well. The report contains a findings section as well as the text of the case studies discussed at the review.

  8. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... decision etc., to the affected public. See 40 CFR 1506.6(b). Environmental information concerning specific... Environmental Policy Act, 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq., by the Board. This paragraph supplements regulations at 40 CFR... environmental assessment, as described in 40 CFR 1503.1. (iv) If, on the basis of an environmental...

  9. 43 CFR 10010.36 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Environmental Impact Statements § 10010.36 Environmental review and consultation requirements. (a) The Commission will maintain a list of applicable environmental review and... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Environmental review and...

  10. 43 CFR 10010.36 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Environmental Impact Statements § 10010.36 Environmental review and consultation requirements. (a) The Commission will maintain a list of applicable environmental review and... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Environmental review and...

  11. 43 CFR 10010.36 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Environmental Impact Statements § 10010.36 Environmental review and consultation requirements. (a) The Commission will maintain a list of applicable environmental review and... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Environmental review and...

  12. 43 CFR 10010.36 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Environmental Impact Statements § 10010.36 Environmental review and consultation requirements. (a) The Commission will maintain a list of applicable environmental review and... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Environmental review and...

  13. 43 CFR 46.430 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT OF 1969 Environmental Impact Statements § 46.430 Environmental review and consultation requirements. (a) Any environmental impact statement that also addresses.... The environmental impact statement must include these associated analyses, studies, or surveys,......

  14. 43 CFR 46.430 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT OF 1969 Environmental Impact Statements § 46.430 Environmental review and consultation requirements. (a) Any environmental impact statement that also addresses.... The environmental impact statement must include these associated analyses, studies, or surveys,......

  15. 43 CFR 46.430 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT OF 1969 Environmental Impact Statements § 46.430 Environmental review and consultation requirements. (a) Any environmental impact statement that also addresses.... The environmental impact statement must include these associated analyses, studies, or surveys,......

  16. 43 CFR 46.430 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT OF 1969 Environmental Impact Statements § 46.430 Environmental review and consultation requirements. (a) Any environmental impact statement that also addresses.... The environmental impact statement must include these associated analyses, studies, or surveys,......

  17. 78 FR 58520 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-24

    ... from U.S. businesses capable of exporting their goods or services relevant to (a) arsenic removal..., contact information, and environmental solution category of interest from the following list: (1)...

  18. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... significant impact, records of decision etc., to the affected public. See 40 CFR 1506.6(b). Environmental... purposes set forth in 40 CFR 1508.9. EIS means an environmental impact statement prepared pursuant to... environmental impacts of the Borrower's proposed project pursuant to 13 CFR 500.206. The Executive...

  19. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... environmental documents such as environmental impact statements, environmental assessments, findings of no... section 102(2)(C) of NEPA. FONSI means a finding of no significant impact on the quality of the human... the Board issues a record of decision as provided in 40 CFR 1502.2 no action concerning the...

  20. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... environmental documents such as environmental impact statements, environmental assessments, findings of no... section 102(2)(C) of NEPA. FONSI means a finding of no significant impact on the quality of the human... the Board issues a record of decision as provided in 40 CFR 1502.2 no action concerning the...

  1. Environmental Crisis: Root Causes and Opportunities for Solution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Barbara, Ed.

    Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Conservation Education Association, held in Ann Arbor, Michigan, August, 1971, are reported in this booklet. Utilizing the theme - The Environmental Crisis: Root Causes and Opportunities for Solution - the program was aimed at environmental problems where we live; the urban area. It dealt with…

  2. 7 CFR 1948.62 - Environmental impact requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental impact requirements. 1948.62 Section... Development Assistance Program § 1948.62 Environmental impact requirements. (a) The policies and regulations... studied for environmental impacts. (c) Boundaries shall define the area within which the...

  3. 25 CFR 161.201 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... et seq., applicable provisions of the Council on Environmental Quality, 40 CFR part 1500, and... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Is environmental compliance required? 161.201 Section 161... LANDS GRAZING PERMITS General Provisions § 161.201 Is environmental compliance required? Actions...

  4. 25 CFR 161.201 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... et seq., applicable provisions of the Council on Environmental Quality, 40 CFR part 1500, and... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Is environmental compliance required? 161.201 Section 161... LANDS GRAZING PERMITS General Provisions § 161.201 Is environmental compliance required? Actions...

  5. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... impact, records of decision etc., to the affected public. See 40 CFR 1506.6(b). The comprehensive... environmental assessment and findings of no significant impact, pursuant to the procedures set forth in 10 CFR... is filed, the comprehensive environmental report shall explain why it is missing and when...

  6. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... actions” subject to NEPA procedures are discussed generally in 40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508. (ii) With... decision etc., to the affected public. See 40 CFR 1506.6(b). Environmental information concerning specific... Environmental Policy Act, 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq., by the Board. This paragraph supplements regulations at 40...

  7. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... impact, records of decision etc., to the affected public. See 40 CFR 1506.6(b). The comprehensive... environmental assessment and findings of no significant impact, pursuant to the procedures set forth in 10 CFR... of the proposal and its potential for environmental impact. Each topic in each specific report...

  8. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... impact, records of decision etc., to the affected public. See 40 CFR 1506.6(b). The comprehensive... environmental assessment and findings of no significant impact, pursuant to the procedures set forth in 10 CFR... of the proposal and its potential for environmental impact. Each topic in each specific report...

  9. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... environmental impact statements, environmental assessments, findings of no significant impact, records of... finding of no significant impact on the quality of the human environment after the completion of an..., or private industry. (B) Until the Board issues a record of decision as provided in 40 CFR 1502.2...

  10. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... environmental impact statements, environmental assessments, findings of no significant impact, records of... finding of no significant impact on the quality of the human environment after the completion of an..., or private industry. (B) Until the Board issues a record of decision as provided in 40 CFR 1502.2...

  11. Environmentally Responsible Aviation - Real Solutions for Environmental Challenges Facing Aviation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collier, Fayette; Thomas, Russell; Burley, Casey; Nickol, Craig; Lee, Chi-Ming; Tong, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The combined reality of persistently strong growth in air traffic and the vital economic role of the air transport system result in continued demand for the progress of technology for the reduction of aircraft noise, emissions of oxides of nitrogen, and fuel burn. NASA s Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) project has set aggressive goals in these three areas including a noise goal of 42 dB cumulative below the Stage 4 certification level. The goal for the reduction of oxides of nitrogen is 75% below the current standard. The fuel burn reduction goal is 50% below that of a current state-of-the-art aircraft. Furthermore, the overall goal of ERA is to mature technologies that will meet these goals simultaneously and with a timeframe of 2020 for technical readiness. This paper outlines the key technologies and the progress achieved to date toward the goals.

  12. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The... environmental studies, assessments, or environmental impact statements prepared for a water resources project adequately address the environmental effects on resources protected by the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act,...

  13. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The... environmental studies, assessments, or environmental impact statements prepared for a water resources project adequately address the environmental effects on resources protected by the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act,...

  14. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The... environmental studies, assessments, or environmental impact statements prepared for a water resources project adequately address the environmental effects on resources protected by the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act,...

  15. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The... environmental studies, assessments, or environmental impact statements prepared for a water resources project adequately address the environmental effects on resources protected by the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act,...

  16. Health, safety and environmental requirements for composite materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hazer, Kathleen A.

    1994-01-01

    The health, safety and environmental requirements for the production of composite materials are discussed. The areas covered include: (1) chemical identification for each chemical; (2) toxicology; (3) industrial hygiene; (4) fire and safety; (5) environmental aspects; and (6) medical concerns.

  17. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Environmental protection and safety requirements... Requirements § 192.515 Environmental protection and safety requirements. (a) In conducting tests under this... the general public during the testing. Whenever the hoop stress of the segment of the pipeline...

  18. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Environmental protection and safety requirements... Requirements § 192.515 Environmental protection and safety requirements. (a) In conducting tests under this... the general public during the testing. Whenever the hoop stress of the segment of the pipeline...

  19. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Environmental protection and safety requirements... Requirements § 192.515 Environmental protection and safety requirements. (a) In conducting tests under this... the general public during the testing. Whenever the hoop stress of the segment of the pipeline...

  20. Actinide solution processing at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site

    SciTech Connect

    1995-04-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-1039, for radioactive solution removal and processing at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, Golden, Colorado. The proposal for solution removal and processing is in response to independent safety assessments and an agreement with the State of Colorado to remove mixed residues at Rocky Flats and reduce the risk of future accidents. Monthly public meetings were held during the scoping and preparation of the EA. The scope of the EA included evaluations of alternative methods and locations of solution processing. A comment period from February 20, 1995 through March 21, 1995 was provided to the public and the State of Colorado to offer written comment on the EA. Comments were received from the State of Colorado and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. A response to the agency comments is included in the Final EA.

  1. SOLVENT DESIGN UNDER VARYING ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    There is currently a great need to replace many solvents that are commonly used by industry and the public, but whose continued use entails a number of human health and environmental risks. One issue hampering solvent replacement is the general thought that replacement, particul...

  2. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... impact, records of decision etc., to the affected public. See 40 CFR 1506.6(b). The comprehensive... environmental assessment and findings of no significant impact, pursuant to the procedures set forth in 10 CFR...; and (5) Provide a list of publications, reports, and other literature or communications that...

  3. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... as “major Federal actions” subject to NEPA procedures are discussed generally in 40 CFR parts 1500... data or documentation concerning the use of the proceeds of any loan guaranteed under this Program must... environmental threshold review from qualified data sources, such as a Federal, State or local agency...

  4. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... as “major Federal actions” subject to NEPA procedures are discussed generally in 40 CFR parts 1500... significant impact, records of decision etc., to the affected public. See 40 CFR 1506.6(b). Environmental... supplements regulations at 40 CFR Chapter V. (2) Definitions. For purposes of this section, the...

  5. 7 CFR 2201.16 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the natural and social sciences and the environmental design arts.” 42 U.S.C. 4332(A). If such... actions classified as “major Federal actions” subject to NEPA procedures are discussed in 40 CFR parts... assessments, findings of no significant impact, records of decision, etc., to the affected public. See 40...

  6. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... consequences on the existing environment, the future environment, and individual sensitive environmental issues... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Environmental review requirements. 35.3580 Section 35.3580 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER...

  7. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... consequences on the existing environment, the future environment, and individual sensitive environmental issues... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Environmental review requirements. 35.3580 Section 35.3580 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER...

  8. 22 CFR 161.11 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., and environmental impact statements. The principal additional requirements affecting the Department of... in draft environmental impact statements and transmitted to the Advisory Council on Historic... discussed in draft environmental impact statements and transmitted to the U.S. Water Resources Council...

  9. 25 CFR 166.313 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... on Environmental Quality (40 CFR part 1500), and applicable tribal laws and regulations. Conservation... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Is environmental compliance required? 166.313 Section 166... and Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.313 Is...

  10. 25 CFR 166.313 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... on Environmental Quality (40 CFR part 1500), and applicable tribal laws and regulations. Conservation... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Is environmental compliance required? 166.313 Section 166... and Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.313 Is...

  11. 7 CFR 3560.59 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... mitigate adverse impacts to protected resources may require a change in the site or project design... with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G, or any successor regulation. Likewise, the applicant should be... commitment of resources to the project....

  12. 7 CFR 3560.59 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... mitigate adverse impacts to protected resources may require a change in the site or project design... with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G, or any successor regulation. Likewise, the applicant should be... commitment of resources to the project....

  13. 7 CFR 3560.59 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... mitigate adverse impacts to protected resources may require a change in the site or project design... with 7 CFR part 1940, subpart G, or any successor regulation. Likewise, the applicant should be... commitment of resources to the project....

  14. Domestic environmental requirements, new and projected

    SciTech Connect

    McLean, B.J.

    1997-12-31

    The paper outlines and/or gives data on the following: environmental concerns; goal of Title IV; national SO{sub 2} emissions; reductions in wet sulfate deposition; SO{sub 2} allowance program--benefits and costs; utility NO{sub x} emissions; NO{sub x} compliance options; cost effectiveness of NO{sub x} control; electric power regulations timeline; Clean Air power initiative; what a new approach would look like; and an analysis of NO{sub x} and SO{sub 2} cap and trade scenarios.

  15. 7 CFR 2201.16 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... assessment, the Board determines that an EIS is not required, a FONSI, as described in 40 CFR 1508.13 will be... actions classified as “major Federal actions” subject to NEPA procedures are discussed in 40 CFR parts... assessments, findings of no significant impact, records of decision, etc., to the affected public. See 40...

  16. 7 CFR 2201.16 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... assessment, the Board determines that an EIS is not required, a FONSI, as described in 40 CFR 1508.13 will be... actions classified as “major Federal actions” subject to NEPA procedures are discussed in 40 CFR parts... assessments, findings of no significant impact, records of decision, etc., to the affected public. See 40...

  17. Regulatory and technical trends driving environmental information management solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Perrell, S.M.

    1996-12-31

    Four environmental policy trends are dramatically changing the way society protects the environment. They are: risk-based and economic-based decision making; devolution of environmental authority; community participation; and corporate environmental accountability. These trends are reflected in recent legislative and regulatory initiatives, including the Comprehensive Emergency Response and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) amendment bills, EPA`s expanded Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) reporting requirements, Regulatory Reform bills, administrative reform programs such as EPA`s Common Sense Initiative, broadened permit trading programs, and facility-wide permits. Environmental regulation is maturing into a new era of environmental management that is decentralized, market-driven, and performance-based. Moreover, these policy trends expand the accountability of responsible parties beyond government enforcement to a broad group of stakeholders.

  18. Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Quality Assurance Requirements Document

    SciTech Connect

    Cote, R.F.

    1991-09-01

    The Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Quality Assurance Requirements Document defines the quality assurance program requirements for the US Department of Energy-Richland Field Office Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Program at the Hanford Site. This paper describes the objectives outlined in DOE/RL 90-28. The Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Program implements significant commitments made by the US Department of Energy in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order entered into with the Washington State Department of Ecology and the US Environmental Protection Agency. 18 refs.

  19. Systemic solutions for multi-benefit water and environmental management.

    PubMed

    Everard, Mark; McInnes, Robert

    2013-09-01

    The environmental and financial costs of inputs to, and unintended consequences arising from narrow consideration of outputs from, water and environmental management technologies highlight the need for low-input solutions that optimise outcomes across multiple ecosystem services. Case studies examining the inputs and outputs associated with several ecosystem-based water and environmental management technologies reveal a range from those that differ little from conventional electro-mechanical engineering techniques through methods, such as integrated constructed wetlands (ICWs), designed explicitly as low-input systems optimising ecosystem service outcomes. All techniques present opportunities for further optimisation of outputs, and hence for greater cumulative public value. We define 'systemic solutions' as "…low-input technologies using natural processes to optimise benefits across the spectrum of ecosystem services and their beneficiaries". They contribute to sustainable development by averting unintended negative impacts and optimising benefits to all ecosystem service beneficiaries, increasing net economic value. Legacy legislation addressing issues in a fragmented way, associated 'ring-fenced' budgets and established management assumptions represent obstacles to implementing 'systemic solutions'. However, flexible implementation of legacy regulations recognising their primary purpose, rather than slavish adherence to detailed sub-clauses, may achieve greater overall public benefit through optimisation of outcomes across ecosystem services. Systemic solutions are not a panacea if applied merely as 'downstream' fixes, but are part of, and a means to accelerate, broader culture change towards more sustainable practice. This necessarily entails connecting a wider network of interests in the formulation and design of mutually-beneficial systemic solutions, including for example spatial planners, engineers, regulators, managers, farming and other businesses, and

  20. Solutions For Smart Metering Under Harsh Environmental Condicions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kunicina, N.; Zabasta, A.; Kondratjevs, K.; Asmanis, G.

    2015-02-01

    The described case study concerns application of wireless sensor networks to the smart control of power supply substations. The solution proposed for metering is based on the modular principle and has been tested in the intersystem communication paradigm using selectable interface modules (IEEE 802.3, ISM radio interface, GSM/GPRS). The solution modularity gives 7 % savings of maintenance costs. The developed solution can be applied to the control of different critical infrastructure networks using adapted modules. The proposed smart metering is suitable for outdoor installation, indoor industrial installations, operation under electromagnetic pollution, temperature and humidity impact. The results of tests have shown a good electromagnetic compatibility of the prototype meter with other electronic devices. The metering procedure is exemplified by operation of a testing company's workers under harsh environmental conditions.

  1. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES Issuance... protection requirements. (a) Each exploration license must contain such terms, conditions and...

  2. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES Issuance... protection requirements. (a) Each exploration license must contain such terms, conditions and...

  3. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES Issuance... protection requirements. (a) Each exploration license must contain such terms, conditions and...

  4. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES Issuance... protection requirements. (a) Each exploration license must contain such terms, conditions and...

  5. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES Issuance... protection requirements. (a) Each exploration license must contain such terms, conditions and...

  6. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Environmental analysis... WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The... that the Department of Agriculture is apprised of ongoing analyses so as to facilitate coordination...

  7. Examining Teachers' Attitudes toward a Required Environmental Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Judith Chen-Hsuan; Monroe, Martha C.

    2010-01-01

    Requiring teachers to partake in environmental education (EE) may generate negative reactions since elementary teachers can be overloaded with meeting standards and student performance goals. This study explores teachers' attitudes toward a required EE program, Lagoon Quest. We compare attitudes among teachers with and without prior Lagoon Quest,…

  8. Environmental assessment of different harvesting solutions for Short Rotation Coppice plantations.

    PubMed

    Bacenetti, Jacopo; Pessina, Domenico; Fiala, Marco

    2016-01-15

    Although several studies have been carried out on Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) plantations and on their environmental performances, there is a lack of information about the environmental impact of the harvesting operations. In this study, using LCA approach, the environmental performance of two different harvesting solutions for Short Rotation Coppice plantations was evaluated. In more details, for 2-years cutting time poplar plantations, harvesting with a self-propelled forager equipped with a specific header was compared in terms of environmental impact with a tractor-based solution. The LCI was built with experimental data collected during field tests carried out over about 70 ha of SRC plantation in Northern Italy. The following nine impact potentials were evaluated according to the selected method: climate change (CC), ozone depletion (OD), particulate matter (PM), photochemical ozone formation (POF), acidification (TA), freshwater eutrophication (FE), terrestrial eutrophication (TE), marine eutrophication (ME) and mineral, fossil and renewable resource depletion (MFRD). Although harvesting with self-propelled foragers requires higher power and higher diesel consumption, it achieves better environmental performances respect to the harvest with the tractor-based solution. The tractor-based option is characterized by lower operative field capacity (about - 70% for all the evaluated impact categories except for MFRD, which is - 94% compared to the first option). The environmental differences are mainly related to the different machine productivity. From an environmental point of view, respect to the harvesting with self-propelled foragers, the tractor-based solution can achieve a lower environmental impact only in small SRC plantations (<1-2 ha).

  9. Environmental assessment of different harvesting solutions for Short Rotation Coppice plantations.

    PubMed

    Bacenetti, Jacopo; Pessina, Domenico; Fiala, Marco

    2016-01-15

    Although several studies have been carried out on Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) plantations and on their environmental performances, there is a lack of information about the environmental impact of the harvesting operations. In this study, using LCA approach, the environmental performance of two different harvesting solutions for Short Rotation Coppice plantations was evaluated. In more details, for 2-years cutting time poplar plantations, harvesting with a self-propelled forager equipped with a specific header was compared in terms of environmental impact with a tractor-based solution. The LCI was built with experimental data collected during field tests carried out over about 70 ha of SRC plantation in Northern Italy. The following nine impact potentials were evaluated according to the selected method: climate change (CC), ozone depletion (OD), particulate matter (PM), photochemical ozone formation (POF), acidification (TA), freshwater eutrophication (FE), terrestrial eutrophication (TE), marine eutrophication (ME) and mineral, fossil and renewable resource depletion (MFRD). Although harvesting with self-propelled foragers requires higher power and higher diesel consumption, it achieves better environmental performances respect to the harvest with the tractor-based solution. The tractor-based option is characterized by lower operative field capacity (about - 70% for all the evaluated impact categories except for MFRD, which is - 94% compared to the first option). The environmental differences are mainly related to the different machine productivity. From an environmental point of view, respect to the harvesting with self-propelled foragers, the tractor-based solution can achieve a lower environmental impact only in small SRC plantations (<1-2 ha). PMID:26410696

  10. Going Extreme For Small Solutions To Big Environmental Challenges

    SciTech Connect

    Bagwell, Christopher E.

    2011-03-31

    This chapter is devoted to the scale, scope, and specific issues confronting the cleanup and long-term disposal of the U.S. nuclear legacy generated during WWII and the Cold War Era. The research reported is aimed at complex microbiological interactions with legacy waste materials generated by past nuclear production activities in the United States. The intended purpose of this research is to identify cost effective solutions to the specific problems (stability) and environmental challenges (fate, transport, exposure) in managing and detoxifying persistent contaminant species. Specifically addressed are high level waste microbiology and bacteria inhabiting plutonium laden soils in the unsaturated subsurface.

  11. Generation III reactors safety requirements and the design solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Felten, P.

    2009-03-01

    Nuclear energy's public acceptance, and hence its development, depends on its safety. As a reactor designer, we will first briefly remind the basic safety principles of nuclear reactors' design. We will then show how the industry, and in particular Areva with its EPR, made design evolution in the wake of the Three Miles Island accident in 1979. In particular, for this new generation of reactors, severe accidents are taken into account beyond the standard design basis accidents. Today, Areva's EPR meets all so-called "generation III" safety requirements and was licensed by several nuclear safety authorities in the world. Many innovative solutions are integrated in the EPR, some of which will be introduced here.

  12. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Final Environmental Impact Statements-General Requirements § 51.94 Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. The final environmental impact statement... appropriate adjudicatory or rulemaking proceeding. final environmental impact......

  13. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Final Environmental Impact Statements-General Requirements § 51.94 Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. The final environmental impact statement... appropriate adjudicatory or rulemaking proceeding. final environmental impact......

  14. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Final Environmental Impact Statements-General Requirements § 51.94 Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. The final environmental impact statement... appropriate adjudicatory or rulemaking proceeding. final environmental impact......

  15. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Final Environmental Impact Statements-General Requirements § 51.94 Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. The final environmental impact statement... appropriate adjudicatory or rulemaking proceeding. final environmental impact......

  16. Evaluating an Environmental Literacy Requirement Chosen as a Method to Produce Environmentally Literate University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moody, Gwyneth L.; Hartel, Peter G.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: Few US universities choose an environmental literacy requirement (ELR) as a method to increase student environmental literacy. Even fewer universities have evaluated their ELRs. The paper aims to assess the ELR at the University of Georgia (UGA) in Fall 2005 and Spring 2006 semesters. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 7,268 of the…

  17. Identifying environmental safety and health requirements for an Environmental Restoration Management Contractor

    SciTech Connect

    Beckman, W.H.; Cossel, S.C.; Alhadeff, N.; Porco, D.J.; Lindamood, S.B.; Beers, J.A.

    1993-10-01

    The purpose of the Standards/Requirements Identification Program, developed partially in response to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 90-2, was to identify applicable requirements that established the Environmental Restoration Management Contractor`s (ERMC) responsibilities and authorities under the Environmental Restoration Management Contract, determine the adequacy of these requirements, ascertain a baseline level of compliance with them, and implement a maintenance program that would keep the program current as requirements or compliance levels change. The resultant Standards/Requirements Identification Documents (S/RIDs) consolidate the applicable requirements. These documents govern the development of procedures and manuals to ensure compliance with the requirements. Twenty-four such documents, corresponding with each functional area identified at the site, are to be issued. These requirements are included in the contractor`s management plan.

  18. 10 CFR 504.9 - Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... use of natural gas or petroleum, or both, as a primary energy source in any certifying powerplant... fuel as a primary energy source in a certifying powerplant. (a) NEPA compliance. Except as provided in... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants....

  19. 10 CFR 504.9 - Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... use of natural gas or petroleum, or both, as a primary energy source in any certifying powerplant... fuel as a primary energy source in a certifying powerplant. (a) NEPA compliance. Except as provided in... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants....

  20. 14 CFR 1216.305 - Actions requiring environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Actions requiring environmental assessments. 1216.305 Section 1216.305 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION... development and space flight projects/programs (as defined in Appendix A to this subpart). (2)...

  1. 14 CFR 1216.320 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., assessments, and any impact statement preparation concurrently with environmental reviews required by the laws... Executive Order 11990 (Wetlands), as amended, and implemented by 14 CFR subpart 1216.2—Floodplains and... proposed for location in or which may affect a floodplain or wetland. A comparative evaluation of...

  2. 14 CFR 1216.320 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., assessments, and any impact statement preparation concurrently with environmental reviews required by the laws... Executive Order 11990 (Wetlands), as amended, and implemented by 14 CFR subpart 1216.2—Floodplains and... proposed for location in or which may affect a floodplain or wetland. A comparative evaluation of...

  3. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Environmental protection and safety requirements. 192.515 Section 192.515 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL AND OTHER...

  4. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Environmental protection and safety requirements. 192.515 Section 192.515 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL AND OTHER...

  5. 36 CFR 228.8 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AGRICULTURE MINERALS Locatable Minerals § 228.8 Requirements for environmental protection. All operations... as is practicable, its impact on the environment and the forest surface resources. All tailings..., arranged, disposed of or treated so as to minimize adverse impact upon the environment and forest...

  6. 40 CFR 158.1300 - Environmental fate data requirements table.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements table. (a) General. All environmental fate data, as described in paragraph (c) of this section... for the general use patterns of forestry use and residential outdoor use. (c) Key. CR=Conditionally... 835.2120 Hydrolysis R R R CR R R TGAI or PAIRA 1 835.2240 Photodegradation in water R R NR NR R...

  7. Spatial structures in microtubular solutions requiring a sustained energy source

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tabony, J.; Job, D.

    1990-08-01

    MICROTUBULES are believed to be the principal organizers of the cell interior1. Cells respond to a variety of stimuli by modifying the spatial distribution of the microtubules. These effects are central to cell division and morphogenesis2, and embryo development3. During embryo development, macroscopic patterns are frequently observed3. Here we report that microtubular solutions spontaneously form alternating white and dark stripes about 1 mm wide and 1 cm long. Small-angle neutron scattering measurements show that in each segment the microtubules are aligned obliquely to the direction of the stripe, and that the white and dark stripes differ in having mutually orthogonal orientations. The formation of these structures requires an initial reservoir of organic phosphate. Phosphorus NMR measurements show that the process is accompanied by the energy-liberating conversion of organic to inorganic phosphate. These observations, together with similarities to the dissipative spatial structure formed by the Belousov-Zhabotinski reaction4-6, provide strong evidence that the observed structures are energy-dissipative in nature. Dissipative structures are thought to be critical to the appearence of complex living organisms7,8. Our results strongly suggest that microtubules are capable of forming such structures. Microtubular dissipative structures may occur during mitosis and embryo morphogenesis.

  8. System requirements and design description for the environmental requirements management interface (ERMI)

    SciTech Connect

    Biebesheimer, E.

    1997-09-30

    This document describes system requirements and the design description for the Environmental Requirements Management Interface (ERMI). The ERMI database assists Tank Farm personnel with scheduling, planning, and documenting procedure compliance, performance verification, and selected corrective action tracking activities for Tank Farm S/RID requirements. The ERMI database was developed by Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). This document was prepared by SAIC and edited by LMHC.

  9. Towards environmental friendly solution-based ZTO/AlOx TFTs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Branquinho, Rita; Salgueiro, Daniela; Santa, Ana; Kiazadeh, Asal; Barquinha, Pedro; Pereira, Luís; Martins, Rodrigo; Fortunato, Elvira

    2015-02-01

    Solution based deposition has been recently considered as a viable option for low-cost flexible electronics. In this context research efforts have been increasingly centred on the development of suitable solution-processed materials for oxide based transistors. Nevertheless, the majority of synthetic routes reported require the use of toxic organic solvents. In this work we report on a new environmental friendly solution combustion synthesis route, using ethanol as solvent, for the preparation of indium/gallium free amorphous zinc-tin oxide (ZTO) thin film transistors (TFTs) including AlOx gate dielectric. The decomposition of ZTO and AlOx precursor solutions, electrical characterization and stability of solution processed ZTO/AlOx TFTs under gate-bias stress, in both air and vacuum atmosphere, were investigated. The devices demonstrated low hysteresis (ΔV = 0.23 V), close to zero turn on voltage, low threshold voltage (VT = 0.36 V) and a saturation mobility of 0.8 cm2 V-1 s-1 at low operation voltages. Ethanol based ZTO/AlOx TFTs are a promising alternative for applications in disposable, low cost and environmental friendly electronics.

  10. International environmental issues and requirements for new power projects

    SciTech Connect

    Newman, J.R.; Maltby, J.H.

    1997-12-31

    The purpose of this presentation was to discuss the emerging role of financial entities in determining environmental requirements for international power projects. The paper outlines the following: emerging conditions; examples of announced privatization energy projects by country; types of government and international financial entity sources; problems for IPPs; similarity and differences between the World Bank and the USEPA; comparison of the international standards and regulations for power plants; recent trends/issues involving international power project approval; and recommendations for understanding/expediting the financial entities` environmental approval process and how to expedite this process.

  11. Environmental site assessments and audits: Building inspection requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lange, John H.; Kaiser, Genevieve; Thomulka, Kenneth W.

    1994-01-01

    Environmental site assessment criteria were originally developed by organizations that focused, almost exclusively, on surface, subsurface, and pollution source contamination. Many of the hazards associated with indoor environments and building structures were traditionally not considered when evaluating sources and entities of environmental pollution. Since a large number of building materials are potentially hazardous, careful evaluation is necessary. Until recently, little information on building inspection requirements of environmental problems has been published. Traditionally, asbestos has been the main component of concern. The ever-changing environmental standards have dramatically expanded the scope of building surveys. Indoor environmental concerns, for example, currently include formaldehyde, lead-based paint, polychlorinated biphenyls, radon, and indoor air pollution. Environmental regulations are being expanded and developed that specifically include building structures. These regulatory standards are being triggered by an increased awareness of health effects from indoor exposure, fires, spills, and other accidents that have resulted in injury, death, and financial loss. This article discusses various aspects of assessments for building structures.

  12. Meeting environmental requirements for the land application of manure.

    PubMed

    Centner, T J; Newton, G L

    2008-11-01

    In an effort to save regulatory resources, the US Environmental Protection Agency and individual states have interpreted the Clean Water Act in a manner that authorizes discharges from concentrated animal feeding operations without the review of nutrient management plans. Environmental groups have objected to the abbreviated regulatory procedures, and courts have ruled that permitting agencies must review substantive documentation of effluent limitations contained in nutrient management plans. Proposed new federal regulations prescribing the requirement of a meaningful review of appropriate documentation by the permitting agency respond to the judicial mandates. To facilitate regulatory approval, regulators might use a state certification program to achieve the obligatory meaningful review. Independent certifiers would ensure that an operation's land application of manure meets federal water quality requirements. PMID:18539820

  13. Environmental requirements for flat plate photovoltaic modules for terrestrial applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoffman, A. R.; Ross, R. G., Jr.

    1979-01-01

    The environmental test requirements that have been developed for flat plate modules purchased through Department of Energy funding are described. Concurrent with the selection of the initial qualification tests from space program experience - temperature cycling and humidity - surveys of existing photovoltaic systems in the field revealed that arrays were experiencing the following failure modes: interconnect breakage, delamination, and electrical termination corrosion. These coupled with application-dependent considerations led to the development of additional qualification tests, such as cyclic pressure loading, warped mounting surface, and hail. Rationale for the selection of tests, their levels and durations is described. Comparisons between field-observed degradation and test-induced degradation show a positive correlation with some of the observed field effects. Also, the tests are proving useful for detecting design, process, and workmanship deficiencies. The status of study efforts for the development of environmental requirements for field-related problems is reviewed.

  14. Review of orders and regulations requiring environmental protection

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, E.; Cunningham, R.; Michael, D.

    1996-09-01

    With the increased awareness of and interest in potential ecological risks associated with past, current, and future Department of Energy (DOE) activities, DOE`s Defense Programs (DP) Office of Technical and Environmental Support sponsored a study to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of the current compliance-driven environmental protection and assessment efforts relative to ecological concerns; (2) explore the need for a more focused, integrated approach to address ecological impacts; and (3) identify the requirements for an integrated approach. The study explored four questions. (a) Which federal regulations and DOE orders either explicitly require ecological assessments or implicitly require them through environmental protection language? (b) What currently is being done at selected DOE facilities to implement these regulations and orders? (c) What are private sector industries doing in terms of ecological risk assessments and how do industry approaches and issues compare with those of DOE? (d) What, if anything, in addition to current efforts is needed to ensure the protection of ecological resources associated with DOE facilities, to support defensible decision making, and to improve efficiency? The results of this study are presented in a report titled {open_quotes}Integrated, Comprehensive Ecological Impact Assessments In Support of Department of Energy Decision Making{close_quotes}. This report is a companion document to that report. This report provides a more detailed discussion of the document reviews of the relevant environmental protection regulations and current and pending DOE orders. The main goal of the document reviews was to understand existing requirements for ecological data collection and impact assessments.

  15. Oxidized starch solutions for environmentally friendly aircraft deicers.

    PubMed

    Plahuta, Joseph M; Teel, Amy L; Ahmad, Mushtaque; Beutel, Mark W; Rentz, Jeremy A; Watts, Richard J

    2011-09-01

    Deicers currently used for aircraft deicing, including ethylene glycol and propylene glycol, pose significant threats to surface waters, as a result of high biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and toxicity to aquatic organisms. Oxidized starch may provide a less toxic deicer with lower BOD. The freezing point depression of starch formulations oxidized using hydrogen peroxide and catalysts (i.e., catalyzed hydrogen peroxide [H2O2] propagations-CHP) was 28 degrees C, and viscosities similar to those of commercial deicers were achieved after post-treatment with granular activated carbon. The most effective oxidized starch formulation exerted a 5-day BOD up to 6 times lower than glycol deicers (103 versus 400 to 800 g O2/L). Toxicity to Ceriodaphnia dubia for this formulation (48-hour lethal concentration, 50% [LC50] of 2.73 g/L) was greater than pure propylene glycol (13.1 g/ L), but lower than propylene glycol deicer formulations (1.02 g/L). Organic acids were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry as the primary constituents in the oxidized starch solution. The proposed deicing system would provide effective deicing while exerting minimal environmental effects (e.g., lower toxicity to aquatic organisms and lower BOD). Furthermore, these deicers could be made from waste starch, promoting sustainability. PMID:22073730

  16. Environmental exposure scenarios: development, challenges and possible solutions.

    PubMed

    Ahrens, Andreas; Traas, Theo P

    2007-12-01

    Under the new REACH system, companies importing, producing and marketing chemical substances will be obliged to register the single substances and to carry out a safety assessment for all identified uses during the life cycle of the substance. This duty will apply to about 10,000 existing substances in the EU market exceeding an annual production or import volume of 10 t per company. If the substance is already known to be dangerous or turns out to be dangerous(1) during the hazard assessment, the registrant is obliged to carry out an exposure assessment and a risk characterisation for all identified uses. The goal of the safety assessment is to define the conditions of use that allow for adequate control of risk with regard to health and safety at the work place, consumer safety and protection of the environment. Once the registrant has established and documented these conditions in the Chemicals Safety Report (CSR), that information is to be communicated down the supply chain by means of the Extended Safety Data Sheet (eSDS). The ultimate aim of the new legislation is to establish duties and mechanisms that systematically prevent or limit exposure to dangerous industrial chemicals. The current paper explains this concept with regard to environmental exposure and highlights the challenges and possible solutions. PMID:18000528

  17. Environmental exposure scenarios: development, challenges and possible solutions.

    PubMed

    Ahrens, Andreas; Traas, Theo P

    2007-12-01

    Under the new REACH system, companies importing, producing and marketing chemical substances will be obliged to register the single substances and to carry out a safety assessment for all identified uses during the life cycle of the substance. This duty will apply to about 10,000 existing substances in the EU market exceeding an annual production or import volume of 10 t per company. If the substance is already known to be dangerous or turns out to be dangerous(1) during the hazard assessment, the registrant is obliged to carry out an exposure assessment and a risk characterisation for all identified uses. The goal of the safety assessment is to define the conditions of use that allow for adequate control of risk with regard to health and safety at the work place, consumer safety and protection of the environment. Once the registrant has established and documented these conditions in the Chemicals Safety Report (CSR), that information is to be communicated down the supply chain by means of the Extended Safety Data Sheet (eSDS). The ultimate aim of the new legislation is to establish duties and mechanisms that systematically prevent or limit exposure to dangerous industrial chemicals. The current paper explains this concept with regard to environmental exposure and highlights the challenges and possible solutions.

  18. Oxidized starch solutions for environmentally friendly aircraft deicers.

    PubMed

    Plahuta, Joseph M; Teel, Amy L; Ahmad, Mushtaque; Beutel, Mark W; Rentz, Jeremy A; Watts, Richard J

    2011-09-01

    Deicers currently used for aircraft deicing, including ethylene glycol and propylene glycol, pose significant threats to surface waters, as a result of high biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and toxicity to aquatic organisms. Oxidized starch may provide a less toxic deicer with lower BOD. The freezing point depression of starch formulations oxidized using hydrogen peroxide and catalysts (i.e., catalyzed hydrogen peroxide [H2O2] propagations-CHP) was 28 degrees C, and viscosities similar to those of commercial deicers were achieved after post-treatment with granular activated carbon. The most effective oxidized starch formulation exerted a 5-day BOD up to 6 times lower than glycol deicers (103 versus 400 to 800 g O2/L). Toxicity to Ceriodaphnia dubia for this formulation (48-hour lethal concentration, 50% [LC50] of 2.73 g/L) was greater than pure propylene glycol (13.1 g/ L), but lower than propylene glycol deicer formulations (1.02 g/L). Organic acids were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry as the primary constituents in the oxidized starch solution. The proposed deicing system would provide effective deicing while exerting minimal environmental effects (e.g., lower toxicity to aquatic organisms and lower BOD). Furthermore, these deicers could be made from waste starch, promoting sustainability.

  19. Identifying environmental safety and health requirements for the Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corporation

    SciTech Connect

    Beckman, W.H.; Cossel, S.C.; Alhadeff, N.; Porco, D.J.; Lindamood, S.B.; Beers, J.A.

    1994-01-14

    This presentation will describe the Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corporation`s (FERMCO) Standards/Requirements Identification Documents (S/RlDs) Program, the unique process used to implement it, and the status of the program. We will also discuss the lessons learned as the program was implemented. The Department of Energy (DOE) established the Fernald site to produce uranium metals for the nation`s defense programs in 1953. In 1989, DOE suspended production and, in 1991, the mission of the site was formally changed to one of environmental cleanup and restoration. The site was renamed the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP). FERMCO`s mission is to provide safe, early, and least-cost final clean-up of the site in compliance with all regulations and commitments. DOE has managed nuclear facilities primarily through its oversight of Management and Operating contractors. Comprehensive nuclear industry standards were absent when most DOE sites were first established, Management and Operating contractors had to apply existing non-nuclear industry standards and, in many cases, formulate new technical standards. Because it was satisfied with the operation of its facilities, DOE did not incorporate modern practices and standards as they became available. In March 1990, the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board issued Recommendation 90-2, which called for DOE to identify relevant standards and requirements, conduct adequacy assessments of requirements in protecting environmental, public, and worker health and safety, and determine the extent to which the requirements are being implemented. The Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Office of DOE embraced the recommendation for facilities under its control. Strict accountability requirements made it essential that FERMCO and DOE clearly identify applicable requirements necessary, determine the requirements` adequacy, and assess FERMCO`s level of compliance.

  20. Managing and Integrating Open Environmental Data - Technological Requirements and Challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devaraju, Anusuriya; Kunkel, Ralf; Jirka, Simon

    2014-05-01

    Understanding environment conditions and trends requires information. This information is usually generated from sensor observations. Today, several infrastructures (e.g., GEOSS, EarthScope, NEON, NETLAKE, OOI, TERENO, WASCAL, and PEER-EurAqua) have been deployed to promote full and open exchange of environmental data. Standards for interfaces as well as data models/formats (OGC, CUAHSI, INSPIRE, SEE Grid, ISO) and open source tools have been developed to support seamless data exchange between various domains and organizations. In spite of this growing interest, it remains a challenge to manage and integrate open environmental data on the fly due to the distributed and heterogeneous nature of the data. Intuitive tools and standardized interfaces are vital to hide the technical complexity of underlying data management infrastructures. Meaningful descriptions of raw sensor data are necessary to achieve interoperability among different sources. As raw sensor data sets usually goes through several layers of summarization and aggregation, metadata and quality measures associated with these should be captured. Further processing of sensor data sets requires that they should be made compatible with existing environmental models. We need data policies and management plans on how to handle and publish open sensor data coming from different institutions. Clearly, a better management and usability of open environmental data is crucial, not only to gather large amounts of data, but also to cater various aspects such as data integration, privacy and trust, uncertainty, quality control, visualization, and data management policies. The proposed talk presents several key findings in terms of requirements, ongoing developments and technical challenges concerning these aspects from our recent work. This includes two workshops on open observation data and supporting tools, as well as the long-term environmental monitoring initiatives such as TERENO and TERENO-MED. Workshops Details

  1. Requirements and Solutions for Archiving Scientific Data at CINES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coutin, Stephane

    Historically an high-performance computing datacenter, the “Centre Informatique National de l’Enseignement Supérieur” (CINES) has also a mission of long term digital preservation. By coupling those two areas, it became obvious that CINES had to understand and take into account the requirements of scientific communities regarding their data life cycle, and more specifically their archiving requirements. We will present those requirements and describe the platforms CINES proposes for each service class.

  2. 77 FR 73022 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ... from oil and natural gas production and processing. The Department of Commerce continues to develop the.... environmental industry, as well as advancing global environmental protection. DATES: U.S. companies capable...

  3. International evaluation of current and future requirements for environmental engineering education.

    PubMed

    Morgenroth, E; Daigger, G T; Ledin, A; Keller, J

    2004-01-01

    The field of environmental engineering is developing as a result of changing environmental requirements. In response, environmental engineering education (E3) needs to ensure that it provides students with the necessary tools to address these challenges. In this paper the current status and future development of E3 is evaluated based on a questionnaire sent to universities and potential employers of E3 graduates. With increasing demands on environmental quality, the complexity of environmental engineering problems to be solved can be expected to increase. To find solutions environmental engineers will need to work in interdisciplinary teams. Based on the questionnaire there was a broad agreement that the best way to prepare students for these future challenges is to provide them with a fundamental education in basic sciences and related engineering fields. Many exciting developments in the environmental engineering profession will be located at the interface between engineering, science, and society. Aspects of all three areas need to be included in E3 and the student needs to be exposed to the tensions associated with linking the three.

  4. The environmental virtual observatory pilot (EVOp): a cloud solution demonstrating effective science for efficient decisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gurney, R. J.; Emmett, B.; McDonald, A.

    2012-12-01

    Environmental managers and policy makers face a challenging future trying to accommodate growing expectations of environmental well-being, while subject to maturing regulation, constrained budgets and a public scrutiny that expects easier and more meaningful access to data and decision logic. To support such a challenge requires new tools and new approaches. The EVOp is an initiative from the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) designed to deliver proof of concept for these new tools and approaches. A series of exemplar 'big catchment science questions' are posed and the prospects for their solution are assessed. These are then used to develop cloud solutions for serving data, models, visualisation and analysis tools to scientists, regulators, private companies and the public, all of whom have different expectations of what environmental information is important. Approaches are tested regularly with users using SCRUM. The VO vision encompasses seven key ambitions: i. being driven by the need to contribute to the solution of major environmental issues that impinge on, or link to, catchment science ii. having the flexibility and adaptability to address future problems not yet defined or fully clarified iii. being able to communicate issues and solutions to a range of audiences iv. supporting easy access by a variety of users v. drawing meaningful information from data and models and identifying the constraints on application in terms of errors, uncertainties, etc vi. adding value and cost effectiveness to current investigations by supporting transfer and scale adjustment thus limiting the repetition of expensive field monitoring addressing essentially the same issues in varying locations vii. promoting effective interfacing of robust science with a variety of end users by using terminology or measures familiar to the user (or required by regulation), including financial and carbon accounting, whole life or fixed period costing, risk as probability or as

  5. 30 CFR 580.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Obligations Under This Part Environmental Issues § 580.30 What activities will not require environmental... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental... environmental impact and will normally be categorically excluded from additional environmental analysis....

  6. 30 CFR 280.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Obligations Under This Part Environmental Issues § 280.30 What activities will not require environmental... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental... environmental impact and will normally be categorically excluded from additional environmental analysis....

  7. 30 CFR 580.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Obligations Under This Part Environmental Issues § 580.30 What activities will not require environmental... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental... environmental impact and will normally be categorically excluded from additional environmental analysis....

  8. 30 CFR 580.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Obligations Under This Part Environmental Issues § 580.30 What activities will not require environmental... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental... environmental impact and will normally be categorically excluded from additional environmental analysis....

  9. 36 CFR 907.11 - Actions that normally require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... require an environmental assessment, but not necessarily an environmental impact statement, include: (1) Potential for minor degradation of environmental quality; (2) Potential for cumulative impact on... environmental assessment. If a proposal or action is not one that normally requires an environmental...

  10. Detecting Chemical Weapons: Threats, Requirements, Solutions, and Future Challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boso, Brian

    2011-03-01

    Although chemicals have been reportedly used as weapons for thousands of years, it was not until 1915 at Ypres, France that an industrial chemical, chlorine, was used in World War I as an offensive weapon in significant quantity, causing mass casualties. From that point until today the development, detection, production and protection from chemical weapons has be an organized endeavor of many of the world's armed forces and in more recent times, non-governmental terrorist organizations. The number of Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs) has steadily increased as research into more toxic substances continued for most of the 20 th century. Today there are over 70 substances including harassing agents like tear gas, incapacitating agents, and lethal agents like blister, blood, chocking, and nerve agents. The requirements for detecting chemical weapons vary depending on the context in which they are encountered and the concept of operation of the organization deploying the detection equipment. The US DoD, for example, has as a requirement, that US forces be able to continue their mission, even in the event of a chemical attack. This places stringent requirements on detection equipment. It must be lightweight (<2 lbs), detect a large array of chemical warfare agents and toxic industrial chemicals, detect and warn at concentration levels and time duration to prevent acute health effects, meet military ruggedness specifications and work over a wide range of temperature and humidity, and have a very high probability of detection with a similarly low probability of false positives. The current technology of choice to meet these stringent requirements is Ion Mobility Spectrometry. Many technologies are capable of detecting chemicals at the trace levels required and have been extensively developed for this application, including, but not limited to: mass spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, RAMAN spectroscopy, MEMs micro-cantilever sensors, surface acoustic wave sensors, differential

  11. Trust and Privacy Solutions Based on Holistic Service Requirements.

    PubMed

    Sánchez Alcón, José Antonio; López, Lourdes; Martínez, José-Fernán; Rubio Cifuentes, Gregorio

    2015-01-01

    The products and services designed for Smart Cities provide the necessary tools to improve the management of modern cities in a more efficient way. These tools need to gather citizens' information about their activity, preferences, habits, etc. opening up the possibility of tracking them. Thus, privacy and security policies must be developed in order to satisfy and manage the legislative heterogeneity surrounding the services provided and comply with the laws of the country where they are provided. This paper presents one of the possible solutions to manage this heterogeneity, bearing in mind these types of networks, such as Wireless Sensor Networks, have important resource limitations. A knowledge and ontology management system is proposed to facilitate the collaboration between the business, legal and technological areas. This will ease the implementation of adequate specific security and privacy policies for a given service. All these security and privacy policies are based on the information provided by the deployed platforms and by expert system processing. PMID:26712752

  12. Trust and Privacy Solutions Based on Holistic Service Requirements

    PubMed Central

    Sánchez Alcón, José Antonio; López, Lourdes; Martínez, José-Fernán; Rubio Cifuentes, Gregorio

    2015-01-01

    The products and services designed for Smart Cities provide the necessary tools to improve the management of modern cities in a more efficient way. These tools need to gather citizens’ information about their activity, preferences, habits, etc. opening up the possibility of tracking them. Thus, privacy and security policies must be developed in order to satisfy and manage the legislative heterogeneity surrounding the services provided and comply with the laws of the country where they are provided. This paper presents one of the possible solutions to manage this heterogeneity, bearing in mind these types of networks, such as Wireless Sensor Networks, have important resource limitations. A knowledge and ontology management system is proposed to facilitate the collaboration between the business, legal and technological areas. This will ease the implementation of adequate specific security and privacy policies for a given service. All these security and privacy policies are based on the information provided by the deployed platforms and by expert system processing. PMID:26712752

  13. Trust and Privacy Solutions Based on Holistic Service Requirements.

    PubMed

    Sánchez Alcón, José Antonio; López, Lourdes; Martínez, José-Fernán; Rubio Cifuentes, Gregorio

    2015-12-24

    The products and services designed for Smart Cities provide the necessary tools to improve the management of modern cities in a more efficient way. These tools need to gather citizens' information about their activity, preferences, habits, etc. opening up the possibility of tracking them. Thus, privacy and security policies must be developed in order to satisfy and manage the legislative heterogeneity surrounding the services provided and comply with the laws of the country where they are provided. This paper presents one of the possible solutions to manage this heterogeneity, bearing in mind these types of networks, such as Wireless Sensor Networks, have important resource limitations. A knowledge and ontology management system is proposed to facilitate the collaboration between the business, legal and technological areas. This will ease the implementation of adequate specific security and privacy policies for a given service. All these security and privacy policies are based on the information provided by the deployed platforms and by expert system processing.

  14. Environmental Problems, Causes, and Solutions: An Open Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Negev, Maya; Garb, Yaakov; Biller, Roni; Sagy, Gonen; Tal, Alon

    2010-01-01

    In a national evaluation of environmental literacy in Israel, (Negev, Sagy, Garb, Salzberg, & Tal, 2008), the authors included both multiple choice questions and open questions. In this article the authors describe the qualitative analysis of the answers to an open question regarding a local environmental problem. Most participants specified solid…

  15. Advanced Environmental Monitoring and Control Program: Technology Development Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jan, Darrell (Editor); Seshan, Panchalam (Editor); Ganapathi, Gani (Editor); Schmidt, Gregory (Editor); Doarn, Charles (Editor)

    1996-01-01

    Human missions in space, from the International Space Station on towards potential human exploration of the moon, Mars and beyond into the solar system, will require advanced systems to maintain an environment that supports human life. These systems will have to recycle air and water for many months or years at a time, and avoid harmful chemical or microbial contamination. NASA's Advanced Environmental Monitoring and Control program has the mission of providing future spacecraft with advanced, integrated networks of microminiaturized sensors to accurately determine and control the physical, chemical and biological environment of the crew living areas. This document sets out the current state of knowledge for requirements for monitoring the crew environment, based on (1) crew health, and (2) life support monitoring systems. Both areas are updated continuously through research and space mission experience. The technologies developed must meet the needs of future life support systems and of crew health monitoring. These technologies must be inexpensive and lightweight, and use few resources. Using these requirements to continue to push the state of the art in miniaturized sensor and control systems will produce revolutionary technologies to enable detailed knowledge of the crew environment.

  16. Environmental management requirements/defensible costs project. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1996-02-01

    Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company (LITCO) used a systems engineering approach to develop the first formal requirements baseline for Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Environmental Management (EM) Programs. The recently signed Settlement Agreement with the State of Idaho (Batt Agreement), along with dramatically reduced EM funding targets from Department of Energy (DOE) headquarters, drove the immediacy of this effort. Programs have linked top-level requirements to work scope to cost estimates. All EM work, grouped by decision units, was scrubbed by INEL EM programs and by an independent {open_quotes}Murder Board.{close_quotes} Direct participation of upper level management from LITCO and the DOE-Idaho Operations Office ensured best information and decisions. The result is a scrubbed down, defensible budget tied to top-level requirements for use in the upcoming DOE-Headquarters` budget workout, the Internal Review Board, the FY98 Activity Data Sheets submittal, and preparation of the FY97 control accounts and out-year plans. In addition to the remarkable accomplishments during the past eight weeks, major issues were identified and documented and follow-on tasks are underway which will lead to further improvements in INEL EM program management.

  17. Holographic Storage as a Solution to Space Imaging Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Halem, Milton

    1998-01-01

    The data growth experienced in the recent past has been of staggering proportions. Over the past 10 years, tape data storage density (with the same form factor) has increased according to Moore's law, doubling every 18 months. However, during the same period, data transfer speeds have only increased at a rate of about 1.3 times every 18 months, and thus have fallen behind data density growth rates by a factor of at least 3. Coupled with data media density growth, data storage requirements have gone up significantly. According to a recent Computer Technology Review article (March 1998) the total storage at a typical Fortune 1000 site is projected to escalate from just 10 TB in 1997 to 1 PB by the year 2000. In the next 5 years, a typical large database system for U.S. government agencies is expected to accept 5 TB per day, maintain 300 TB on-line (within 15 seconds to 1 minute access time), and archive from 15 to 100 PB. Additionally, data intensive programs such as NASA's Earth Observation System (EOS) and the intelligence data archival systems at the Rome Air Development Center, and scientific laboratories such as Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility will have enormously large scientific databases with very large storage requirements.

  18. 77 FR 73023 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ... from U.S. businesses capable of exporting their goods or services relevant to emissions control from... by fostering export opportunities for the U.S. environmental industry, as well as advancing...

  19. 77 FR 73023 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ... from U.S. businesses capable of exporting their goods or services relevant to nitrogen oxide (NO X... as advancing global environmental protection. DATES: U.S. companies capable of exporting goods...

  20. Petrophysical corner - a numerical solution for CNL environmental corrections

    SciTech Connect

    Tsay, F.S.; Dindoruk, B. )

    1990-04-01

    This paper suggests numerical methods for converting a complicated Compensated Neutron Log correction nomograph into systems of simple polynomials for computer programming. Basic programs are presented that can provide a base for writing a complete computer-based CNL environmental corrections program, providing that an additional main program is written to include the inputs and outputs for the necessary environmental conditions and computer results as well as proper structural linkage of the subroutines.

  1. Space Station attitude control - An overview of requirements and solutions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buchanan, H. J.

    1985-01-01

    Attitude control and various structural aspects of NASA's permanent manned Space Station are discussed in the framework of design flexibility, obsolescence as a deterent to a long operational life, modularity, and autonomy. Among the variable factors of specific importance, consideration is given to internal factors, such as inertial variations (up to 400 percent), center of mass movements (up to 28 m), and shifts in modal characteristics, as well as to external torque shifts associated with aerodynamic moments and gravity gradients. The compatibility among multiple-user requirements is also considered. As the Station is a low-orbit spacecraft, its attitude will be greatly affected by the inhomogeneity of the atmosphere, placing a priority on the attitude control techniques. A combination of passive (spring-mass-damper suspension systems) and active (sensor/disturbance-canceling device) systems are expected to be used.

  2. Changing requirements and solutions for unattended ground sensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prado, Gervasio; Johnson, Robert

    2007-10-01

    Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) were first used to monitor Viet Cong activity along the Ho Chi Minh Trail in the 1960's. In the 1980's, significant improvement in the capabilities of UGS became possible with the development of digital signal processors; this led to their use as fire control devices for smart munitions (for example: the Wide Area Mine) and later to monitor the movements of mobile missile launchers. In these applications, the targets of interest were large military vehicles with strong acoustic, seismic and magnetic signatures. Currently, the requirements imposed by new terrorist threats and illegal border crossings have changed the emphasis to the monitoring of light vehicles and foot traffic. These new requirements have changed the way UGS are used. To improve performance against targets with lower emissions, sensors are used in multi-modal arrangements. Non-imaging sensors (acoustic, seismic, magnetic and passive infrared) are now being used principally as activity sensors to cue imagers and remote cameras. The availability of better imaging technology has made imagers the preferred source of "actionable intelligence". Infrared cameras are now based on un-cooled detector-arrays that have made their application in UGS possible in terms of their cost and power consumption. Visible light imagers are also more sensitive extending their utility well beyond twilight. The imagers are equipped with sophisticated image processing capabilities (image enhancement, moving target detection and tracking, image compression). Various commercial satellite services now provide relatively inexpensive long-range communications and the Internet provides fast worldwide access to the data.

  3. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring Environmental Consideration § 25.22 Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement....

  4. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring Environmental Consideration § 25.22 Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement....

  5. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring Environmental Consideration § 25.22 Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement....

  6. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring Environmental Consideration § 25.22 Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement....

  7. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring Environmental Consideration § 25.22 Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement....

  8. Environmental sustainability in the intensive care unit: challenges and solutions.

    PubMed

    Huffling, Katie; Schenk, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    In acute care practice sites, the intensive care unit (ICU) is one of the most resource-intense environments. Replete with energy-intensive equipment, significant waste production, and multiple toxic chemicals, ICUs contribute to environmental harm and may inadvertently have a negative impact on the health of patients, staff, and visitors. This article evaluates the ICU on four areas of environmental sustainability: energy, waste, toxic chemicals, and healing environment and provides concrete actions ICU nurses can take to decrease environmental health risks in the ICU. Case studies of nurses making changes within their hospital practice are also highlighted, as well as resources for nurses starting to make changes at their health care institutions. PMID:24896556

  9. Environmental sustainability in the intensive care unit: challenges and solutions.

    PubMed

    Huffling, Katie; Schenk, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    In acute care practice sites, the intensive care unit (ICU) is one of the most resource-intense environments. Replete with energy-intensive equipment, significant waste production, and multiple toxic chemicals, ICUs contribute to environmental harm and may inadvertently have a negative impact on the health of patients, staff, and visitors. This article evaluates the ICU on four areas of environmental sustainability: energy, waste, toxic chemicals, and healing environment and provides concrete actions ICU nurses can take to decrease environmental health risks in the ICU. Case studies of nurses making changes within their hospital practice are also highlighted, as well as resources for nurses starting to make changes at their health care institutions.

  10. Research on environmental health interventions: ethical problems and solutions.

    PubMed

    Resnik, David B; Zeldin, Darryl C; Sharp, Richard R

    2005-01-01

    This article reviews a variety of ethical issues one must consider when conducting research on environmental health interventions on human subjects. The paper uses the Kennedy Krieger Institute lead abatement study as well as a hypothetical asthma study to discuss questions concerning benefits and risks, risk minimization, safety monitoring, the duty to warn, the duty to report, the use of control groups, informed consent, equitable subject selection, privacy, conflicts of interest, and community consultation. Research on environmental health interventions can make an important contribution to our understanding of human health and disease prevention, provided it is conducted in a manner that meets prevailing scientific, ethical, and legal standards for research on human subjects.

  11. Biased Data and Potential Solutions for Health and Environmental Assessments

    EPA Science Inventory

    The utility and credibility of environmental assessments depend on the use of unbiased data. However, it is increasingly clear that, despite peer review, much of the scientific literature is biased. Sources of bias may include publication practices, research design and implemen...

  12. 40 CFR 1502.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other environmental review laws and executive orders. (b) The draft environmental impact statement shall list all Federal permits, licenses,...

  13. 40 CFR 1502.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other environmental review laws and executive orders. (b) The draft environmental impact statement shall list all Federal permits, licenses,...

  14. 40 CFR 1502.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other environmental review laws and executive orders. (b) The draft environmental impact statement shall list all Federal permits, licenses,...

  15. 40 CFR 1502.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other environmental review laws and executive orders. (b) The draft environmental impact statement shall list all Federal permits, licenses,...

  16. 15 CFR 971.419 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR COMMERCIAL RECOVERY PERMITS Issuance/Transfer: Terms, Conditions and Restrictions Terms, Conditions and Restrictions § 971.419 Environmental... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental protection...

  17. RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH INTERVENTIONS: ETHICAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

    PubMed Central

    RESNIK, DAVID B.; ZELDIN, DARRYL C.; SHARP, RICHARD R.

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews a variety of ethical issues one must consider when conducting research on environmental health interventions on human subjects. The paper uses the Kennedy Krieger Institute lead abatement study as well as a hypothetical asthma study to discuss questions concerning benefits and risks, risk minimization, safety monitoring, the duty to warn, the duty to report, the use of control groups, informed consent, equitable subject selection, privacy, conflicts of interest, and community consultation. Research on environmental health interventions can make an important contribution to our understanding of human health and disease prevention, provided it is conducted in a manner that meets prevailing scientific, ethical, and legal standards for research on human subjects. PMID:16220621

  18. Prospects for microbiological solutions to environmental pollution with plastics.

    PubMed

    Krueger, Martin C; Harms, Hauke; Schlosser, Dietmar

    2015-11-01

    Synthetic polymers, commonly named plastics, are among the most widespread anthropogenic pollutants of marine, limnic and terrestrial ecosystems. Disruptive effects of plastics are known to threaten wildlife and exert effects on natural food webs, but signs for and knowledge on plastic biodegradation are limited. Microorganisms are the most promising candidates for an eventual bioremediation of environmental plastics. Laboratory studies have reported various effects of microorganisms on many types of polymers, usually by enzymatic hydrolysis or oxidation. However, most common plastics have proved to be highly recalcitrant even under conditions known to favour microbial degradation. Knowledge on environmental degradation is yet scarcer. With this review, we provide a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge on microbiological degradation of several of the most common plastic types. Furthermore, we illustrate the analytical challenges concerning the evaluation of plastic biodegradation as well as constraints likely standing against the evolution of effective biodegradation pathways.

  19. Environmental safety & health requirements for a federal facility

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, G.; Wong, J.

    1995-09-01

    I would like to take this opportunity to discuss the challenges that face an environmental, safety, and health (ES&H) manager at a federal facility situated in California. The challenges are, in many aspects, similar to those facing ES&H professionals all over this country: dwindling resources and increasing regulatory demands. The Laboratory (LLNL) is under closer scrutiny than other R&D facilities located in California because some of its research activities involve nuclear weapon design. Today I would like to talk about two actions we, the ES&H management at LLNL, have taken to decrease the impact of dwindling resources and increasing regulatory demands: (1) Institution of a performance-based contract, which the University of California negotiated with the Department of Energy (DOE) to reduce the impact of special mandates required of federal facilities. Under this contract, ES&H performance is measured by results rather than by process; (2) Redesign of the LLNL Hazards Control Department to a flat organization that incorporates employee empowerment and Self-Managed Work Teams (SMWTs).

  20. 40 CFR 158.260 - Experimental use permit data requirements for environmental fate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Experimental use permit data requirements for environmental fate. All environmental fate data, as described in... forestry use and residential outdoor use. (b) Key. CR=Conditionally required; NR=Not required; R=Required... R R TGAI or PAIRA 1 Metabolism Studies - Laboratory 835.4100 Aerobic soil R CR NR NR R NR TGAI...

  1. The future of irrigated agriculture under environmental flow requirements restrictions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pastor, Amandine; Palazzo, Amanda; Havlik, Petr; Kabat, Pavel; Obersteiner, Michael; Ludwig, Fulco

    2016-04-01

    Water is not an infinite resource and demand from irrigation, household and industry is constantly increasing. This study focused on including global water availability including environmental flow requirements with water withdrawal from irrigation and other sectors at a monthly time-step in the GLOBIOM model. This model allows re-adjustment of land-use allocation, crop management, consumption and international trade. The GLOBIOM model induces an endogenous change in water price depending on water supply and demand. In this study, the focus was on how the inclusion of water resources affects land-use and, in particular, how global change will influence repartition of irrigated and rainfed lands at global scale. We used the climate change scenario including a radiative forcing of 8.5 W/m2 (RCP8.5), the socio-economic scenario (SSP2: middle-of-road), and the environmental flow method based on monthly flow allocation (the Variable Monthly Flow method) with high and low restrictions. Irrigation withdrawals were adjusted to a monthly time-step to account for biophysical water limitations at finer time resolution. Our results show that irrigated land might decrease up to 40% on average depending on the choice of EFR restrictions. Several areas were identified as future hot-spots of water stress such as the Mediterranean and Middle-East regions. Other countries were identified to be in safe position in terms of water stress such as North-European countries. Re-allocation of rainfed and irrigated land might be useful information for land-use planners and water managers at an international level to decide on appropriate legislations on climate change mitigation/adaptation when exposure and sensitivity to climate change is high and/or on adaptation measures to face increasing water demand. For example, some countries are likely to adopt measures to increase their water use efficiencies (irrigation system, soil and water conservation practices) to face water shortages, while

  2. Collaboration Results - Applying Technical Solutions To Environmental Remediation Problems

    SciTech Connect

    Boyd, G.; Fiore, J.; Walker, J.; DeRemer, C.; Wight, E.

    2002-02-26

    Within the Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (EM), the Office of Science and Technology (OST) identifies and develops innovative technologies that accelerate cleanup of high-priority environmental contamination problems and enable EM closure sites to meet closure schedules. OST manages an integrated research and development program that is essential to completing timely and cost-effective cleanup and stewardship of DOE sites. While innovative technologies can make significant contributions to the cleanup process, in some cases, EM has encountered unexpected barriers to their implementation. Technical obstacles are expected, but administrative challenges-such as regulatory, organizational, and stakeholder issues-must also be addressed. OST has found that collaborative needs identification and problem solving are essential components in overcoming these barriers. Collaboration helps EM meet its cleanup goals, close sites, and reduce the overall cost of cleanup at DOE sites nationwide. This paper presents examples of OST's collaboration efforts that expedite site closure and solve specific cleanup problems at EM sites.

  3. Piggery: from environmental pollution to a climate change solution.

    PubMed

    Maraseni, Tek N; Maroulis, Jerry

    2008-05-01

    Pig farms are a vital component of rural economies in Australia. However, disposal of effluent leads to many environmental problems. This case study of the Berrybank Farm piggery waste management system in Victoria estimates greenhouse gas (GHG) benefits from three different activities. Analysis reveals that the capturing and combusting of methane from piggery effluent could save between 4859 and 5840 tCO2e yr(-1) of GHG emissions. Similarly, using methane for replacing fuels for electricity generation could save another 800 tCO2e yr(-1)of GHGs. Likewise, by utilizing the biogas wastes to replace inorganic fertilizers there could be a further saving of 1193 to 1375 tCO2e yr(-1) of GHG, depending on the type of fertilizers the waste replaces. Therefore, a well-managed piggery farm with 15,000 pigs could save 6,852 to 8,015 tCO2e yr(-1), which equates to the carbon sequestrated from 6,800 to 8,000 spotted gum trees (age=35 year) in their above plus below-ground biomass. Implementation of similar project in suitable areas in Australia could have significant environmental and financial benefits. PMID:18437624

  4. Technical guidance document for environmental requirements of commercial OTEC licensing regulations (15 CFR Part 981)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-09-01

    This document provides a potential OTEC applicant with the insights believed needed to satisfy the environmental information requirements of the regulations for licensing commercial OTEC facilities and plantships. This information should be used by applicants to define the site-specific details of the needed environmental assessment, and the details should then form a basis for pre-application consultations on the environmental requirements.

  5. 10 CFR 1021.341 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... of other environmental requirements early in the planning process, in consultation with other... environmental review requirements. (a) In accordance with 40 CFR 1500.4(k) and (o), 1502.25, and 1506.4, DOE shall integrate the NEPA process and coordinate NEPA compliance with other environmental...

  6. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 3407.8 Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. 3407.8 Section 3407.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...

  7. 45 CFR 640.3 - Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 640.3 Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions. (a) The types of actions to be classified as... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Actions requiring an environmental assessment...

  8. 45 CFR 640.3 - Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 640.3 Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions. (a) The types of actions to be classified as... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Actions requiring an environmental assessment...

  9. 45 CFR 640.3 - Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 640.3 Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions. (a) The types of actions to be classified as... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Actions requiring an environmental assessment...

  10. 45 CFR 640.3 - Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 640.3 Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions. (a) The types of actions to be classified as... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Actions requiring an environmental assessment...

  11. 45 CFR 640.3 - Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 640.3 Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions. (a) The types of actions to be classified as... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Actions requiring an environmental assessment...

  12. 24 CFR 970.13 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... § 970.27) are subject to HUD environmental regulations in 24 CFR part 58. However, HUD may make a finding in accordance with 24 CFR 58.11(d) of this title and may itself perform the environmental review under the provisions of 24 CFR part 50 if a PHA objects in writing to the responsible entity...

  13. 24 CFR 970.13 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... § 970.27) are subject to HUD environmental regulations in 24 CFR part 58. However, HUD may make a finding in accordance with 24 CFR 58.11(d) of this title and may itself perform the environmental review under the provisions of 24 CFR part 50 if a PHA objects in writing to the responsible entity...

  14. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Drinking Water State Revolving Funds § 35.3580 Environmental review... environmental reviews of source water protection activities under § 35.3535, unless the activities solely... procedures at 40 CFR part 6 and related subparts or apply its own “NEPA-like” SERP for...

  15. 40 CFR 6.403 - Environmental review and assessment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... parties consulted. (b) Ocean dumping activities. (1) The Assistant Administrator for Water shall ensure... of water quality agreements with Canada or Mexico, nothing in these regulations shall impose on the... FOR IMPLEMENTING THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT AND ASSESSING THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS...

  16. 40 CFR 6.403 - Environmental review and assessment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... parties consulted. (b) Ocean dumping activities. (1) The Assistant Administrator for Water shall ensure... of water quality agreements with Canada or Mexico, nothing in these regulations shall impose on the... FOR IMPLEMENTING THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT AND ASSESSING THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS...

  17. 40 CFR 6.403 - Environmental review and assessment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... parties consulted. (b) Ocean dumping activities. (1) The Assistant Administrator for Water shall ensure... of water quality agreements with Canada or Mexico, nothing in these regulations shall impose on the... FOR IMPLEMENTING THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT AND ASSESSING THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS...

  18. 40 CFR 6.403 - Environmental review and assessment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... parties consulted. (b) Ocean dumping activities. (1) The Assistant Administrator for Water shall ensure... of water quality agreements with Canada or Mexico, nothing in these regulations shall impose on the... FOR IMPLEMENTING THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT AND ASSESSING THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS...

  19. 40 CFR 6.403 - Environmental review and assessment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... parties consulted. (b) Ocean dumping activities. (1) The Assistant Administrator for Water shall ensure... of water quality agreements with Canada or Mexico, nothing in these regulations shall impose on the... FOR IMPLEMENTING THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT AND ASSESSING THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS...

  20. 30 CFR 250.1910 - What safety and environmental information is required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) § 250.1910 What safety and environmental information is... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What safety and environmental information is required? 250.1910 Section 250.1910 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL...

  1. 30 CFR 250.1910 - What safety and environmental information is required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) § 250.1910 What safety and environmental information is... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What safety and environmental information is required? 250.1910 Section 250.1910 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL...

  2. 30 CFR 250.1910 - What safety and environmental information is required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) § 250.1910 What safety and environmental information is... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What safety and environmental information is required? 250.1910 Section 250.1910 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL...

  3. 40 CFR 1502.4 - Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... preparation of environmental impact statements. 1502.4 Section 1502.4 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT § 1502.4 Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements. (a) Agencies shall make sure the proposal which is the subject of...

  4. 40 CFR 1502.4 - Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... preparation of environmental impact statements. 1502.4 Section 1502.4 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT § 1502.4 Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements. (a) Agencies shall make sure the proposal which is the subject of...

  5. Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research

    SciTech Connect

    DOE Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Program Office ,

    2009-09-30

    In May 2009, NERSC, DOE's Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR), and DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) held a workshop to characterize HPC requirements for BER-funded research over the subsequent three to five years. The workshop revealed several key points, in addition to achieving its goal of collecting and characterizing computing requirements. Chief among them: scientific progress in BER-funded research is limited by current allocations of computational resources. Additionally, growth in mission-critical computing -- combined with new requirements for collaborative data manipulation and analysis -- will demand ever increasing computing, storage, network, visualization, reliability and service richness from NERSC. This report expands upon these key points and adds others. It also presents a number of"case studies" as significant representative samples of the needs of science teams within BER. Workshop participants were asked to codify their requirements in this"case study" format, summarizing their science goals, methods of solution, current and 3-5 year computing requirements, and special software and support needs. Participants were also asked to describe their strategy for computing in the highly parallel,"multi-core" environment that is expected to dominate HPC architectures over the next few years.

  6. Predicting environmental mitigation requirements for hydropower projects through the integration of biophysical and socio-political geographies.

    PubMed

    DeRolph, Christopher R; Schramm, Michael P; Bevelhimer, Mark S

    2016-10-01

    Uncertainty about environmental mitigation needs at existing and proposed hydropower projects makes it difficult for stakeholders to minimize environmental impacts. Hydropower developers and operators desire tools to better anticipate mitigation requirements, while natural resource managers and regulators need tools to evaluate different mitigation scenarios and order effective mitigation. Here we sought to examine the feasibility of using a suite of multi-faceted explanatory variables within a spatially explicit modeling framework to fit predictive models for future environmental mitigation requirements at hydropower projects across the conterminous U.S. Using a database comprised of mitigation requirements from more than 300 hydropower project licenses, we were able to successfully fit models for nearly 50 types of environmental mitigation and to apply the predictive models to a set of more than 500 non-powered dams identified as having hydropower potential. The results demonstrate that mitigation requirements are functions of a range of factors, from biophysical to socio-political. Project developers can use these models to inform cost projections and design considerations, while regulators can use the models to more quickly identify likely environmental issues and potential solutions, hopefully resulting in more timely and more effective decisions on environmental mitigation. PMID:27280379

  7. Predicting environmental mitigation requirements for hydropower projects through the integration of biophysical and socio-political geographies

    DOE PAGES

    Bevelhimer, Mark S.; DeRolph, Christopher R.; Schramm, Michael P.

    2016-06-06

    Uncertainty about environmental mitigation needs at existing and proposed hydropower projects makes it difficult for stakeholders to minimize environmental impacts. Hydropower developers and operators desire tools to better anticipate mitigation requirements, while natural resource managers and regulators need tools to evaluate different mitigation scenarios and order effective mitigation. Here we sought to examine the feasibility of using a suite of multidisciplinary explanatory variables within a spatially explicit modeling framework to fit predictive models for future environmental mitigation requirements at hydropower projects across the conterminous U.S. Using a database comprised of mitigation requirements from more than 300 hydropower project licenses, wemore » were able to successfully fit models for nearly 50 types of environmental mitigation and to apply the predictive models to a set of more than 500 non-powered dams identified as having hydropower potential. The results demonstrate that mitigation requirements have been a result of a range of factors, from biological and hydrological to political and cultural. Furthermore, project developers can use these models to inform cost projections and design considerations, while regulators can use the models to more quickly identify likely environmental issues and potential solutions, hopefully resulting in more timely and more effective decisions on environmental mitigation.« less

  8. Predicting environmental mitigation requirements for hydropower projects through the integration of biophysical and socio-political geographies.

    PubMed

    DeRolph, Christopher R; Schramm, Michael P; Bevelhimer, Mark S

    2016-10-01

    Uncertainty about environmental mitigation needs at existing and proposed hydropower projects makes it difficult for stakeholders to minimize environmental impacts. Hydropower developers and operators desire tools to better anticipate mitigation requirements, while natural resource managers and regulators need tools to evaluate different mitigation scenarios and order effective mitigation. Here we sought to examine the feasibility of using a suite of multi-faceted explanatory variables within a spatially explicit modeling framework to fit predictive models for future environmental mitigation requirements at hydropower projects across the conterminous U.S. Using a database comprised of mitigation requirements from more than 300 hydropower project licenses, we were able to successfully fit models for nearly 50 types of environmental mitigation and to apply the predictive models to a set of more than 500 non-powered dams identified as having hydropower potential. The results demonstrate that mitigation requirements are functions of a range of factors, from biophysical to socio-political. Project developers can use these models to inform cost projections and design considerations, while regulators can use the models to more quickly identify likely environmental issues and potential solutions, hopefully resulting in more timely and more effective decisions on environmental mitigation.

  9. Environmental management for dredging sediments - the requirement of developing nations.

    PubMed

    Manap, Norpadzlihatun; Voulvoulis, Nikolaos

    2015-01-01

    Scientific research has characterized the effects of dredging, an underwater excavation process for navigational purposes or material extraction, and has shown its association with a number of chemical, physical and biological impacts. Due to this, much environmental management has been applied in the dredging industry in order to manage its detrimental effects. However, developing nations may have different approaches towards their dredging environmental management to compare to their companions with higher economic strength. Moreover, scientific evidence to make an informed decision is often lacking, hence affecting the number of research executed at these nations, limiting their efforts to preserve the environment. This paper reviews the dredging environmental impacts and its two important factors, dredging technology and sediment characteristic, that determine the magnitude of impacts through literature review, and discusses the need for a more integrated dredging environmental management to be developed for developing nations. PMID:25304520

  10. Environmental management for dredging sediments - the requirement of developing nations.

    PubMed

    Manap, Norpadzlihatun; Voulvoulis, Nikolaos

    2015-01-01

    Scientific research has characterized the effects of dredging, an underwater excavation process for navigational purposes or material extraction, and has shown its association with a number of chemical, physical and biological impacts. Due to this, much environmental management has been applied in the dredging industry in order to manage its detrimental effects. However, developing nations may have different approaches towards their dredging environmental management to compare to their companions with higher economic strength. Moreover, scientific evidence to make an informed decision is often lacking, hence affecting the number of research executed at these nations, limiting their efforts to preserve the environment. This paper reviews the dredging environmental impacts and its two important factors, dredging technology and sediment characteristic, that determine the magnitude of impacts through literature review, and discusses the need for a more integrated dredging environmental management to be developed for developing nations.

  11. 40 CFR 158.260 - Experimental use permit data requirements for environmental fate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... The following table shows the experimental use data requirements for environmental fate. The test notes are shown in paragraph (d) of this section. Table—Experimental Use Permit Environmental Fate Data... apply to the data requirements in the table to paragraph (c) of this section. 1. Study is required...

  12. 40 CFR 158.260 - Experimental use permit data requirements for environmental fate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... The following table shows the experimental use data requirements for environmental fate. The test notes are shown in paragraph (d) of this section. Table—Experimental Use Permit Environmental Fate Data... apply to the data requirements in the table to paragraph (c) of this section. 1. Study is required...

  13. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An EIS normally will be required for major... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. 3407.8 Section 3407.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...

  14. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An EIS normally will be required for major... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. 3407.8 Section 3407.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...

  15. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An EIS normally will be required for major... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. 3407.8 Section 3407.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...

  16. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An EIS normally will be required for major... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. 3407.8 Section 3407.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...

  17. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... an applicant for a permit, license, or other form of permission, or amendment to or renewal of a permit, license or other form of permission, or a petitioner for rulemaking to submit such information to... Section 51.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS...

  18. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... an applicant for a permit, license, or other form of permission, or amendment to or renewal of a permit, license or other form of permission, or a petitioner for rulemaking to submit such information to... Section 51.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS...

  19. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... an applicant for a permit, license, or other form of permission, or amendment to or renewal of a permit, license or other form of permission, or a petitioner for rulemaking to submit such information to... Section 51.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS...

  20. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... an applicant for a permit, license, or other form of permission, or amendment to or renewal of a permit, license or other form of permission, or a petitioner for rulemaking to submit such information to... Section 51.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS...

  1. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also... Policy Act (NEPA). The State may elect to apply the procedures at 40 CFR part 6, subpart E and...

  2. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also... Policy Act (NEPA). The State may elect to apply the procedures at 40 CFR part 6, subpart E and...

  3. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also... Policy Act (NEPA). The State may elect to apply the procedures at 40 CFR part 6, subpart E and...

  4. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also... Policy Act (NEPA). The State may elect to apply the procedures at 40 CFR part 6, subpart E and...

  5. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also... Policy Act (NEPA). The State may elect to apply the procedures at 40 CFR part 6, subpart E and...

  6. 22 CFR 161.11 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... States which may be eligible for the National Register within the area of the potential impact of a... discussed in draft environmental impact statements and transmitted to the U.S. Water Resources Council for... Act of 1955, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 7609. (f) Clean Water Act of 1977, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq....

  7. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... procedures at 40 CFR part 6 and related subparts or apply its own “NEPA-like” SERP for conducting... measures to ensure that a project or activity is environmentally sound; (ii) The legal remedies available... hearing or meeting must be held for all projects and activities except for those having little or...

  8. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... procedures at 40 CFR part 6 and related subparts or apply its own “NEPA-like” SERP for conducting... measures to ensure that a project or activity is environmentally sound; (ii) The legal remedies available... hearing or meeting must be held for all projects and activities except for those having little or...

  9. 33 CFR 230.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... consultation requirements. See 40 CFR 1502.25. (a) For Federal projects, NEPA documents shall be prepared..., 1979, 32 CFR part 197. Procedural requirements for Civil Works studies and projects are discussed below. (1) The district commander through the division commander will notify CECW-PE, PN, PS or PW...

  10. 33 CFR 230.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... consultation requirements. See 40 CFR 1502.25. (a) For Federal projects, NEPA documents shall be prepared... Principles and Guidelines for Water and Related Land Resources Implementation Studies. Reviews and..., 1979, 32 CFR part 197. Procedural requirements for Civil Works studies and projects are discussed...

  11. 33 CFR 230.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... consultation requirements. See 40 CFR 1502.25. (a) For Federal projects, NEPA documents shall be prepared... Principles and Guidelines for Water and Related Land Resources Implementation Studies. Reviews and..., 1979, 32 CFR part 197. Procedural requirements for Civil Works studies and projects are discussed...

  12. Low Cost Environmental Sensors for Spaceflight: NMP Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrett, Henry B.; Buehler, Martin G.; Brinza, D.; Patel, J. U.

    2005-01-01

    An outstanding problem in spaceflight is the lack of adequate sensors for monitoring the space environment and its effects on engineering systems. By adequate, we mean low cost in terms of mission impact (e.g., low price, low mass/size, low power, low data rate, and low design impact). The New Millennium Program (NMP) is investigating the development of such a low-cost Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) package for inclusion on its technology validation flights. This effort follows from the need by NMP to characterize the space environment during testing so that potential users can extrapolate the test results to end-use conditions. The immediate objective of this effort is to develop a small diagnostic sensor package that could be obtained from commercial sources. Environments being considered are: contamination, atomic oxygen, ionizing radiation, cosmic radiation, EMI, and temperature. This talk describes the requirements and rational for selecting these environments and reviews a preliminary design that includes a micro-controller data logger with data storage and interfaces to the sensors and spacecraft. If successful, such a sensor package could be the basis of a unique, long term program for monitoring the effects of the space environment on spacecraft systems.

  13. Low cost environmental sensors for Spaceflight : NMP Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrett, Henry B.; Buelher, Martin G.; Brinza, D.; Patel, J. U.

    2005-01-01

    An outstanding problem in spaceflight is the lack of adequate sensors for monitoring the space environment and its effects on engineering systems. By adequate, we mean low cost in terms of mission impact (e.g., low price, low mass/size, low power, low data rate, and low design impact). The New Millennium Program (NMP) is investigating the development of such a low-cost Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) package for inclusion on its technology validation flights. This effort follows from the need by NMP to characterize the space environment during testing so that potential users can extrapolate the test results to end-use conditions. The immediate objective of this effort is to develop a small diagnostic sensor package that could be obtained from commercial sources. Environments being considered are: contamination, atomic oxygen, ionizing radiation, cosmic radiation, EMI, and temperature. This talk describes the requirements and rational for selecting these environments and reviews a preliminary design that includes a micro-controller data logger with data storage and interfaces to the sensors and spacecraft. If successful, such a sensor package could be the basis of a unique, long term program for monitoring the effects of the space environment on spacecraft systems.

  14. 36 CFR 907.11 - Actions that normally require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) Potential for minor degradation of environmental quality; (2) Potential for cumulative impact on... an environmental assessment. 907.11 Section 907.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY § 907.11 Actions that normally require...

  15. 14 CFR 325.13 - Environmental evaluations and energy information not required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental evaluations and energy... Environmental evaluations and energy information not required. Notwithstanding any provision of part 312 or part... environmental evaluation or energy information with the application....

  16. 30 CFR 250.1910 - What safety and environmental information is required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... SHELF Safety and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) § 250.1910 What safety and environmental... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What safety and environmental information is required? 250.1910 Section 250.1910 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION,...

  17. 14 CFR 325.13 - Environmental evaluations and energy information not required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental evaluations and energy... Environmental evaluations and energy information not required. Notwithstanding any provision of part 312 or part... environmental evaluation or energy information with the application....

  18. 14 CFR 325.13 - Environmental evaluations and energy information not required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental evaluations and energy... Environmental evaluations and energy information not required. Notwithstanding any provision of part 312 or part... environmental evaluation or energy information with the application....

  19. 14 CFR 325.13 - Environmental evaluations and energy information not required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental evaluations and energy... Environmental evaluations and energy information not required. Notwithstanding any provision of part 312 or part... environmental evaluation or energy information with the application....

  20. 40 CFR 1505.2 - Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... environmental impact statements. 1505.2 Section 1505.2 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY NEPA AND AGENCY DECISIONMAKING § 1505.2 Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements. At the time of its decision (§ 1506.10) or, if appropriate, its recommendation to Congress,...

  1. 40 CFR 1505.2 - Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... environmental impact statements. 1505.2 Section 1505.2 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY NEPA AND AGENCY DECISIONMAKING § 1505.2 Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements. At the time of its decision (§ 1506.10) or, if appropriate, its recommendation to Congress,...

  2. 40 CFR 1505.2 - Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... environmental impact statements. 1505.2 Section 1505.2 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY NEPA AND AGENCY DECISIONMAKING § 1505.2 Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements. At the time of its decision (§ 1506.10) or, if appropriate, its recommendation to Congress,...

  3. 40 CFR 1505.2 - Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... environmental impact statements. 1505.2 Section 1505.2 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY NEPA AND AGENCY DECISIONMAKING § 1505.2 Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements. At the time of its decision (§ 1506.10) or, if appropriate, its recommendation to Congress,...

  4. 38 CFR Appendix C to Part 200 - Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement C Appendix C to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Pt. 200, App. C Appendix C to Part 200—Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement The following actions are considered to be major...

  5. 38 CFR Appendix C to Part 200 - Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement C Appendix C to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Pt. 200, App. C Appendix C to Part 200—Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement The following actions are considered to be major...

  6. 38 CFR Appendix C to Part 200 - Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement C Appendix C to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Pt. 200, App. C Appendix C to Part 200—Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement The following actions are considered to be major...

  7. 40 CFR 1505.2 - Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... environmental impact statements. 1505.2 Section 1505.2 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY NEPA AND AGENCY DECISIONMAKING § 1505.2 Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements. At the time of its decision (§ 1506.10) or, if appropriate, its recommendation to Congress,...

  8. 40 CFR 161.290 - Environmental fate data requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) CR CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-3 In air (2) CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-4 Metabolism... pattern and other pertinent factors. AAA(3) Not required if anaerobic aquatic metabolism study has...

  9. 40 CFR 161.290 - Environmental fate data requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) CR CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-3 In air (2) CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-4 Metabolism... pattern and other pertinent factors. AAA(3) Not required if anaerobic aquatic metabolism study has...

  10. 40 CFR 161.290 - Environmental fate data requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) CR CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-3 In air (2) CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-4 Metabolism... pattern and other pertinent factors. AAA(3) Not required if anaerobic aquatic metabolism study has...

  11. 40 CFR 161.290 - Environmental fate data requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) CR CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-3 In air (2) CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-4 Metabolism... pattern and other pertinent factors. AAA(3) Not required if anaerobic aquatic metabolism study has...

  12. 40 CFR 158.260 - Experimental use permit data requirements for environmental fate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Experimental use permit data requirements for environmental fate. 158.260 Section 158.260 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES Experimental Use Permits §...

  13. 36 CFR 223.30 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.30 Section 223.30 Parks, Forests, and Public... Timber Sale Contracts Contract Conditions and Provisions § 223.30 Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. The approving officer will insure that each timber...

  14. ENVRI Cluster - a community-driven platform of European environmental research infrastructures for providing common solution for science and society

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sorvari, Sanna; Kutsch, Werner; Laj, Paolo; Asmi, Ari; Brus, Magdalena

    2016-04-01

    European long-term environmental research infrastructures (often referred as ESFRI RIs) are the core facilities for providing services for scientists in their quest for understanding and predicting the complex Earth system and its functioning that requires long-term efforts to identify environmental changes (trends, thresholds and resilience, interactions and feedbacks). Many of the research infrastructures originally have been developed to respond to the needs of their specific research communities, however, it is clear that strong collaboration among research infrastructures is needed to serve the trans-boundary research requires exploring scientific questions at the intersection of different scientific fields, conducting joint research projects and developing concepts, devices, and methods that can be used to integrate knowledge. European Environmental research infrastructures have already been successfully worked together for many years and have established a cluster - ENVRI cluster - for their collaborative work. ENVRI cluster act as a collaborative platform where the RIs can jointly agree on the common solutions for their operations, draft strategies and policies and share best practices and knowledge. Supporting project for the ENVRI cluster, ENVRIplus project, brings together 21 European research infrastructures and infrastructure networks to work on joint technical solutions, data interoperability, access management, training, strategies and dissemination efforts. ENVRI cluster act as one stop shop for multidisciplinary RI users, other collaborative initiatives, projects and programmes and coordinates and implement jointly agreed RI strategies.

  15. Environmental biotechnology: biotechnology solutions for a global environmental problem, hazardous chemical wastes.

    PubMed

    Omenn, G S

    Biotechnology has a growing place in the remediation of hazardous waste sites throughout the world, and especially in Asia where population density is high and land and fresh water are scarce. In-situ bioremediation has been demonstrated already to be highly effective for petroleum hydrocarbons (alkanes, aromatics, polychlorophenols) and organophosphate pesticides in soils and for gasoline by-products (benzene, toluene, xylene) and chlorinated solvents (trichloroethylene) in groundwater. Heavy metals and PCBs are not suitable for bioremediation. Environmental biotechnology includes solid-phase and slurry-phase bioremediation for contaminated soils and site-specific bioreactors for contaminated groundwater. Specific examples are presented. From a policy point of view, accumulated wastes must be detoxified, preferably at sites where they already exist. We cannot continue to rely on their removal and disposal "elsewhere". For current waste streams, we must minimize the volumes and toxicity. Environmental biotechnology will play a key role.

  16. The Teach-in on Global Warming Solutions and Vygotsky: Fostering Ecological Action and Environmental Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lysack, Mishka

    2009-01-01

    The Teach-in on Global Warming Solutions is part of a larger socio-environmental movement concerned with combating climate change. Highlighting the history and elements of the teach-in as a model of learning, the article examines the teach-in movement, using a local event at the University of Calgary as an illustration. Conceptual resources from…

  17. 43 CFR 3802.3-2 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... quality standards, including the requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 1857 et seq.). (b) Water quality. The operator shall comply with applicable Federal and State water quality standards, including regulations issued pursuant to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1151 et seq.). (c)...

  18. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... to prepare an EA. As required by 40 CFR 1501.4(b), DOE shall prepare an EA for a proposed DOE action.... A DOE EA shall serve the purposes identified in 40 CFR 1508.9(a), which include providing sufficient... EA shall also include any floodplain/wetlands assessment prepared under 10 CFR part 1022 and...

  19. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... to prepare an EA. As required by 40 CFR 1501.4(b), DOE shall prepare an EA for a proposed DOE action.... A DOE EA shall serve the purposes identified in 40 CFR 1508.9(a), which include providing sufficient... EA shall also include any floodplain/wetlands assessment prepared under 10 CFR part 1022 and...

  20. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... to prepare an EA. As required by 40 CFR 1501.4(b), DOE shall prepare an EA for a proposed DOE action.... A DOE EA shall serve the purposes identified in 40 CFR 1508.9(a), which include providing sufficient... EA shall also include any floodplain/wetlands assessment prepared under 10 CFR part 1022 and...

  1. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... to prepare an EA. As required by 40 CFR 1501.4(b), DOE shall prepare an EA for a proposed DOE action.... A DOE EA shall serve the purposes identified in 40 CFR 1508.9(a), which include providing sufficient... EA shall also include any floodplain/wetlands assessment prepared under 10 CFR part 1022 and...

  2. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... to prepare an EA. As required by 40 CFR 1501.4(b), DOE shall prepare an EA for a proposed DOE action.... A DOE EA shall serve the purposes identified in 40 CFR 1508.9(a), which include providing sufficient... EA shall also include any floodplain/wetlands assessment prepared under 10 CFR part 1022 and...

  3. Bridging the gap: A cooperative solution environmental load program for commercial banks

    SciTech Connect

    Buckles, R.J.

    1994-12-31

    A Cooperative Solution Environmental Loan Program is currently being designed for implementation, on an annual membership basis, to California Banks. Its purpose is to provide comprehensive guidance to lenders covering all facets of due diligence associated with existing and/or new lending relationships on properties that are environmentally impacted and/or sensitive. This program will provide an interdependent process to clean-up, finance, reach regulatory sign-off, scientifically validate and commercialize new alternative technologies, followed by property development and/or revitalization. The program structure is unique in its ability to provide a regionalized network, linking banks to the regulatory agencies that review the clean-up process as well as to the comprehensive resources that represent solutions to environmental loan problems.

  4. 28 CFR 91.56 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant Program Application to Voi/tis Grant Program § 91.56 Actions that normally require the preparation of...

  5. 28 CFR 91.57 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant Program Application to Voi/tis Grant Program § 91.57 Actions that normally require the...

  6. 10 CFR 205.328 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Facilities for Transmission of Electric Energy at International Boundaries § 205.328 Environmental... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1. 205.328 Section 205.328 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND...

  7. 10 CFR 205.328 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Facilities for Transmission of Electric Energy at International Boundaries § 205.328 Environmental... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1. 205.328 Section 205.328 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND...

  8. 10 CFR 205.329 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 2.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Facilities for Transmission of Electric Energy at International Boundaries § 205.329 Environmental... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 2. 205.329 Section 205.329 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND...

  9. 10 CFR 205.329 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 2.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Facilities for Transmission of Electric Energy at International Boundaries § 205.329 Environmental... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 2. 205.329 Section 205.329 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND...

  10. 7 CFR 3407.7 - Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment. 3407.7 Section 3407.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 3407.7...

  11. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. 51.94 Section 51.94 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION..., together with any comments and any supplement, will accompany the application or petition for...

  12. 44 CFR 10.8 - Determination of requirement for environmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Determination of requirement for environmental review. 10.8 Section 10.8 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS Agency...

  13. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public... Special Forest Products § 223.218 Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other...

  14. 40 CFR 158.260 - Experimental use permit data requirements for environmental fate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Experimental use permit data requirements for environmental fate. 158.260 Section 158.260 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... Residential Outdoors Test substance Test Note No. Degradation Study - Laboratory 835.2120 Hydrolysis R R R...

  15. Environmental Research Infrastructures providing shared solutions for science and society (ENVRIplus)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kutsch, Werner Leo; Asmi, Ari; Laj, Paolo; Brus, Magdalena; Sorvari, Sanna

    2016-04-01

    ENVRIplus is a Horizon 2020 project bringing together Environmental and Earth System Research Infrastructures, projects and networks together with technical specialist partners to create a more coherent, interdisciplinary and interoperable cluster of Environmental Research Infrastructures (RIs) across Europe. The objective of ENVRIplus is to provide common solutions to shared challenges for these RIs in their efforts to deliver new services for science and society. To reach this overall goal, ENVRIplus brings together the current ESFRI roadmap environmental and associate fields RIs, leading I3 projects, key developing RI networks and specific technical specialist partners to build common synergic solutions for pressing issues in RI construction and implementation. ENVRIplus will be organized along 6 main objectives, further on called "Themes": 1) Improve the RI's abilities to observe the Earth System, particularly in developing and testing new sensor technologies, harmonizing observation methodologies and developing methods to overcome common problems associated with distributed remote observation networks; 2) Generate common solutions for shared information technology and data related challenges of the environmental RIs in data and service discovery and use, workflow documentation, data citations methodologies, service virtualization, and user characterization and interaction; 3) Develop harmonized policies for access (physical and virtual) for the environmental RIs, including access services for the multidisciplinary users; 4) Investigate the interactions between RIs and society: Find common approaches and methodologies how to assess the RIs' ability to answer the economical and societal challenges, develop ethics guidelines for RIs and investigate the possibility to enhance the use Citizen Science approaches in RI products and services; 5) Ensure the cross-fertilisation and knowledge transfer of new technologies, best practices, approaches and policies of the

  16. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest): Pismo clam

    SciTech Connect

    Shaw, W.N.; Hassler, T.J.

    1989-02-01

    Species profile are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessment. The Pismo clam (Tivela stultorum) supports an important sport fishery in the Pacific Southwest region, but has no present commercial importance. This review describes the life history (spawning, eggs, and larval stages, postlarvae and juveniles, maturity, and life-span), growth characteristics, former commercial and sport fisheries, ecological role, and environmental requirements. 30 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Soft-robotic arm inspired by the octopus: II. From artificial requirements to innovative technological solutions.

    PubMed

    Mazzolai, B; Margheri, L; Cianchetti, M; Dario, P; Laschi, C

    2012-06-01

    Soft robotics is a current focus in robotics research because of the expected capability of soft robots to better interact with real-world environments. As a point of inspiration in the development of innovative technologies in soft robotics, octopuses are particularly interesting 'animal models'. Octopus arms have unique biomechanical capabilities that combine significant pliability with the ability to exert a great deal of force, because they lack rigid structures but can change and control their degree of stiffness. The octopus arm motor capability is a result of the peculiar arrangement of its muscles and the properties of its tissues. These special abilities have been investigated by the authors in a specific study dedicated to identifying the key principles underlying these biological functions and deriving engineering requirements for robotics solutions. This paper, which is the second in a two-part series, presents how the identified requirements can be used to create innovative technological solutions, such as soft materials, mechanisms and actuators. Experiments indicate the ability of these proposed solutions to ensure the same performance as in the biological model in terms of compliance, elongation and force. These results represent useful and relevant components of innovative soft-robotic systems and suggest their potential use to create a new generation of highly dexterous, soft-bodied robots.

  18. Use of the Oslo-Potsdam Solution to test the effect of an environmental education model on tangible measures of environmental protection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Short, Philip Craig

    The fundamental goals of environmental education include the creation of an environmentally literate citizenry possessing the knowledge, skills, and motivation to objectively analyze environmental issues and engage in responsible behaviors leading to issue resolution and improved or maintained environmental quality. No existing research, however, has linked educational practices and environmental protection. In an original attempt to quantify the pedagogy - environmental protection relationship, both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to investigate local environmental records and environmental quality indices that reflected the results of student actions. The data were analyzed using an educational adaptation of the "Oslo-Potsdam Solution for International Environmental Regime Effectiveness." The new model, termed the Environmental Education Performance Indicator (EEPI), was developed and evaluated as a quantitative tool for testing and fairly comparing the efficacy of student-initiated environmental projects in terms of environmental quality measures. Five case studies were developed from descriptions of student actions and environmental impacts as revealed by surveys and interviews with environmental education teachers using the IEEIA (Investigating and Evaluating Environmental Issues and Actions) curriculum, former students, community members, and agency officials. Archival information was also used to triangulate the data. In addition to evaluating case study data on the basis of the EEPI model, an expert panel of evaluators consisting of professionals from environmental education, natural sciences, environmental policy, and environmental advocacy provided subjective assessments on the effectiveness of each case study. The results from this study suggest that environmental education interventions can equip and empower students to act on their own conclusions in a manner that leads to improved or maintained environmental conditions. The EEPI model

  19. Temporal dissolution of potentially toxic elements from silver smelting slag by synthetic environmental solutions.

    PubMed

    Ash, Christopher; Borůvka, Luboš; Tejnecký, Václav; Šebek, Ondřej; Nikodem, Antonín; Drábek, Ondřej

    2013-11-15

    Waste slag which is created during precious metal smelting contains high levels of potentially toxic elements (PTE) which can be mobilised from unconfined deposits into the local environment. This paper examines the extractability of selected PTE (Pb, Zn, Cd, Mn) from slag samples by synthetic solutions designed to replicate those in the environment. Extracting agents were used to replicate potential leaching scenarios which are analogous to natural chemical weathering. Slag was submersed in a rainwater simulation solution (RSS), weak citric acid solution (representing rhizosphere secretions) and control solutions (deionised water) for a one month period with solution analyses made at intervals of 1, 24, 168 and 720 h. In 1 mM citric acid, dissolution of Cd and Zn showed little change with time, although for Zn the initial dissolution was considerable. Lead in citric acid was characterized by overall poor extractability. Mn solubility increased until an equilibrium state occurred within 24 h. The solubility of studied metals in citric acid can be characterized by a short time to equilibrium. RSS proved to be an effective solvent that, unlike citric acid solution, extracted increasing concentrations of Cd, Mn and Zn with time. Solubility of Pb in RSS was again very low. When taken as a proportion of a single 2 M HNO3 extraction which was applied to slag samples, Cd was the element most readily leached into RSS and control samples. In both studied solvents, slag heterogeneity is prominent in the case of Cd and Zn solubility. Contact time with solvent appears to be an important variable for the release of PTE from slag into solution. The purpose of this study was to provide insight into the environmental chemical dissolution of PTE from slag, which causes their enrichment in surrounding soils and surface waters. PMID:23920416

  20. Temporal dissolution of potentially toxic elements from silver smelting slag by synthetic environmental solutions.

    PubMed

    Ash, Christopher; Borůvka, Luboš; Tejnecký, Václav; Šebek, Ondřej; Nikodem, Antonín; Drábek, Ondřej

    2013-11-15

    Waste slag which is created during precious metal smelting contains high levels of potentially toxic elements (PTE) which can be mobilised from unconfined deposits into the local environment. This paper examines the extractability of selected PTE (Pb, Zn, Cd, Mn) from slag samples by synthetic solutions designed to replicate those in the environment. Extracting agents were used to replicate potential leaching scenarios which are analogous to natural chemical weathering. Slag was submersed in a rainwater simulation solution (RSS), weak citric acid solution (representing rhizosphere secretions) and control solutions (deionised water) for a one month period with solution analyses made at intervals of 1, 24, 168 and 720 h. In 1 mM citric acid, dissolution of Cd and Zn showed little change with time, although for Zn the initial dissolution was considerable. Lead in citric acid was characterized by overall poor extractability. Mn solubility increased until an equilibrium state occurred within 24 h. The solubility of studied metals in citric acid can be characterized by a short time to equilibrium. RSS proved to be an effective solvent that, unlike citric acid solution, extracted increasing concentrations of Cd, Mn and Zn with time. Solubility of Pb in RSS was again very low. When taken as a proportion of a single 2 M HNO3 extraction which was applied to slag samples, Cd was the element most readily leached into RSS and control samples. In both studied solvents, slag heterogeneity is prominent in the case of Cd and Zn solubility. Contact time with solvent appears to be an important variable for the release of PTE from slag into solution. The purpose of this study was to provide insight into the environmental chemical dissolution of PTE from slag, which causes their enrichment in surrounding soils and surface waters.

  1. Analysis of Data in Accordance with Space Flight Mission Environmental Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shei, Monica

    2011-01-01

    The Environmental Assurance Program sets forth standards to ensure that all flight hardware is compatible with the environments that will be encountered during a spacecraft mission. It outlines the design, test and analysis, and risk control standards for the mission and certifies that it will survive in any external or self-induced environments that the spacecraft may experience. The Environmental Requirements Document (ERD) is the most important document in the Environmental Assurance Program, providing the design and test requirements for the project's flight system, subsystems, assemblies, and instruments. This summer's project was to assist Environmental Requirements Engineers (ERE's) in completing the Environmental Assurance Program Summary Report for both the Juno Project and Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Project. The Summary Report is a document summarizing the environmental tests and analyses of each spacecraft at both the assembly and system level. It compiles a source of all relevant information such as waivers and Problem/Failure Reports (PFRs) into a single report for easy reference of how well the spacecraft met the requirements of the project.

  2. Environmental health impacts of concentrated animal feeding operations: anticipating hazards--searching for solutions.

    PubMed

    Thorne, Peter S

    2007-02-01

    A scientific conference and workshop was held March 2004 in Iowa City, Iowa, that brought together environmental scientists from North America and Europe to address major environmental health issues associated with concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) in large, industrialized livestock production facilities. After one and a half days of plenary sessions, five expert workgroups convened to consider the most relevant research areas, including respiratory health effects, modeling and monitoring of air toxics, water quality issues, influenza pandemics and antibiotic resistance, and community health and socioeconomic issues. The workgroup reports that follow outline the state of the science and public health concerns relating to livestock production as they apply to each workgroup topic. The reports also identify areas in which further research is needed and suggest opportunities to translate science to policy initiatives that would effect improvements in public and environmental health. Viable solutions to some of the current environmental health problems associated with CAFOs are outlined. In addition, these reports bring to light several major concerns, including air and water contamination, the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in livestock, and the specter of influenza outbreaks arising from siting industrialized poultry and swine production in proximity to each other and to humans.

  3. Environmental health impacts of concentrated animal feeding operations: anticipating hazards--searching for solutions.

    PubMed

    Thorne, Peter S

    2007-02-01

    A scientific conference and workshop was held March 2004 in Iowa City, Iowa, that brought together environmental scientists from North America and Europe to address major environmental health issues associated with concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) in large, industrialized livestock production facilities. After one and a half days of plenary sessions, five expert workgroups convened to consider the most relevant research areas, including respiratory health effects, modeling and monitoring of air toxics, water quality issues, influenza pandemics and antibiotic resistance, and community health and socioeconomic issues. The workgroup reports that follow outline the state of the science and public health concerns relating to livestock production as they apply to each workgroup topic. The reports also identify areas in which further research is needed and suggest opportunities to translate science to policy initiatives that would effect improvements in public and environmental health. Viable solutions to some of the current environmental health problems associated with CAFOs are outlined. In addition, these reports bring to light several major concerns, including air and water contamination, the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in livestock, and the specter of influenza outbreaks arising from siting industrialized poultry and swine production in proximity to each other and to humans. PMID:17384781

  4. Environmental Health Impacts of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations: Anticipating Hazards—Searching for Solutions

    PubMed Central

    Thorne, Peter S.

    2007-01-01

    A scientific conference and workshop was held March 2004 in Iowa City, Iowa, that brought together environmental scientists from North America and Europe to address major environmental health issues associated with concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) in large, industrialized livestock production facilities. After one and a half days of plenary sessions, five expert workgroups convened to consider the most relevant research areas, including respiratory health effects, modeling and monitoring of air toxics, water quality issues, influenza pandemics and antibiotic resistance, and community health and socioeconomic issues. The workgroup reports that follow outline the state of the science and public health concerns relating to livestock production as they apply to each workgroup topic. The reports also identify areas in which further research is needed and suggest opportunities to translate science to policy initiatives that would effect improvements in public and environmental health. Viable solutions to some of the current environmental health problems associated with CAFOs are outlined. In addition, these reports bring to light several major concerns, including air and water contamination, the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in livestock, and the specter of influenza outbreaks arising from siting industrialized poultry and swine production in proximity to each other and to humans. PMID:17384781

  5. Rubisco Activity in Guard Cells Compared with the Solute Requirement for Stomatal Opening 1

    PubMed Central

    Reckmann, Udo; Scheibe, Renate; Raschke, Klaus

    1990-01-01

    We investigated whether the reductive pentose phosphate path in guard cells of Pisum sativum had the capacity to contribute significantly to the production of osmotica during stomatal opening in the light. Amounts of ribulose 1,5-bisphophate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) were determined by the [14C]carboxyarabinitol bisphosphate assay. A guard cell contained about 1.2 and a mesophyll cell about 324 picograms of the enzyme; the ratio was 1:270. The specific activities of Rubisco in guard cells and in mesophyll cells were equal; there was no indication of a specific inhibitor of Rubisco in guard cells. Rubisco activity was 115 femtomol per guard-cell protoplast and hour. This value was different from zero with a probability of 0.99. After exposure of guard-cell protoplasts to 14CO2 for 2 seconds in the light, about one-half of the radioactivity was in phosphorylated compounds and <10% in malate. Guard cells in epidermal strips produced a different labelling pattern; in the light, <10% of the label was in phosphorylated compounds and about 60% in malate. The rate of solute accumulation in intact guard cells was estimated to have been 900 femto-osmol per cell and hour. If Rubisco operated at full capacity in guard cells, and hexoses were produced as osmotica, solutes could be supplied at a rate of 19 femto-osmol per cell and hour, which would constitute 2% of the estimated requirement. The capacity of guard-cell Rubisco to meet the solute requirement for stomatal opening in leaves of Pisum sativum is insignificant. Images Figure 1 PMID:16667255

  6. Rubisco activity in guard cells compared with the solute requirement for stomatal opening. [Pisum sativum

    SciTech Connect

    Reckmann, U.; Scheibe, R.; Raschke, K. )

    1990-01-01

    We investigated whether the reductive pentose phosphate path in guard cells of Pisum sativum had the capacity to contribute significantly to the production of osmotica during stomatal opening in the light. Amounts of ribulose 1,5-bisphophate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) were determined by the ({sup 14}C) carboxyarabinitol bisphosphate assay. A guard cell contained about 1.2 and a mesophyll cell about 324 picograms of the enzyme; the ratio was 1:270. The specific activities of Rubisco in guard cells and in mesophyll cells were equal; there was no indication of a specific inhibitor of Rubisco in guard cells. Rubisco activity was 115 femtomol per guard-cell protoplast and hour. This value was different from zero with a probability of 0.99. After exposure of guard-cell protoplasts to {sup 14}CO{sub 2} for 2 seconds in the light, about one-half of the radioactivity was in phosphorylated compounds and <10% in malate. Guard cells in epidermal strips produced a different labelling pattern; in the light, <10% of the label was in phosphorylated compounds and about 60% in malate. The rate of solute accumulation in intact guard cells was estimated to have been 900 femto-osmol per cell and hour. If Rubisco operated at full capacity in guard cells, and hexoses were produced as osmotica, solutes could be supplied at a rate of 19femto-osmol per cell and hour, which would constitute 2% of the estimated requirement. The capacity of guard-cell Rubisco to meet the solute requirement for stomatal opening in leaves of Pisum sativum is insignificant.

  7. The Relationship between Environmental Turbulence, Management Support, Organizational Collaboration, Information Technology Solution Realization, and Process Performance, in Healthcare Provider Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muglia, Victor O.

    2010-01-01

    The Problem: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between environmental turbulence, management support, organizational collaboration, information technology solution realization, and process performance in healthcare provider organizations. Method: A descriptive/correlational study of Hospital medical services process…

  8. SPAN: A Network Providing Integrated, End-to-End, Sensor-to-Database Solutions for Environmental Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benzel, T.; Cho, Y. H.; Deschon, A.; Gullapalli, S.; Silva, F.

    2009-12-01

    In recent years, advances in sensor network technology have shown great promise to revolutionize environmental data collection. Still, wide spread adoption of these systems by domain experts has been lacking, and these have remained the purview of the engineers who design them. While there are many data logging options for basic data collection in the field currently, scientists are often required to visit the deployment sites to retrieve their data and manually import it into spreadsheets. Some advanced commercial software systems do allow scientists to collect data remotely, but most of these systems only allow point-to-point access, and require proprietary hardware. Furthermore, these commercial solutions preclude the use of sensors from other manufacturers or integration with internet based database repositories and compute engines. Therefore, scientists often must download and manually reformat their data before uploading it to the repositories if they wish to share their data. We present an open-source, low-cost, extensible, turnkey solution called Sensor Processing and Acquisition Network (SPAN) which provides a robust and flexible sensor network service. At the deployment site, SPAN leverages low-power generic embedded processors to integrate variety of commercially available sensor hardware to the network of environmental observation systems. By bringing intelligence close to the sensed phenomena, we can remotely control configuration and re-use, establish rules to trigger sensor activity, manage power requirements, and control the two-way flow of sensed data as well as control information to the sensors. Key features of our design include (1) adoption of a hardware agnostic architecture: our solutions are compatible with several programmable platforms, sensor systems, communication devices and protocols. (2) information standardization: our system supports several popular communication protocols and data formats, and (3) extensible data support: our

  9. Types, Problems and Their Causes, and Solutions to the Offences against the Environmental Laws by Probationers in Maha Sarakham Province

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanlu, Somchai; Singseewo, Adisak; Suksringarm, Paitool

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to explore types, problems and their causes, and solutions to the offences against the environmental laws of probationers in Maha Sarakham Province. The study comprised 2 phases: Phase 1 was a study of types of the offences against the environmental laws: and phase 2 was an interview with 25 people directly dealing with the…

  10. The inbuilt long-term unfeasibility of environmental flows when disregarding riparian vegetation requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rivaes, R.; Boavida, I.; Santos, J. M.; Pinheiro, A. N.; Ferreira, M. T.

    2015-10-01

    Environmental flows remain biased towards the traditional fish biological group and ignore the inter-annual flow variability that rules longer species life cycles, thus disregarding the long-term perspective of the riverine ecosystem. Incorporating riparian vegetation requirements into environmental flows could bring an important contribute to fill in this gap. The long-term after-effects of this shortcoming on the biological communities downstream of dams were never estimated before. We address this concern by evaluating the effects of environmental flow regimes disregarding riparian vegetation in the long-term perspective of the fluvial ecosystem. To achieve that purpose, the riparian vegetation evolution was modeled considering its structural response to a decade of different environmental flows, and the fish habitat availability was assessed for each of the resulting riparian habitat scenarios. We demonstrate that fish habitat availability changes accordingly to the long-term structural adjustments that riparian habitat endure following river regulation. Environmental flow regimes considering only aquatic biota become obsolete in few years due to the change of the habitat premises in which they were based on and, therefore, are unsustainable in the long run. Therefore, considering riparian vegetation requirements on environmental flows is mandatory to assure the effectiveness of those in the long-term perspective of the fluvial ecosystem.

  11. 18 CFR Appendix A to Part 380 - Minimum Filing Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act A Appendix A to Part 380 Conservation of Power... Filing Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act. Resource Report 1—General Project Description 1. Provide a detailed description...

  12. 18 CFR Appendix A to Part 380 - Minimum Filing Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act A Appendix A to Part 380 Conservation of Power... Filing Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act. Resource Report 1—General Project Description 1. Provide a detailed description...

  13. 7 CFR 1940.313 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). 1940.313 Section 1940.313 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Environmental Program § 1940.313 Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The environmental assessment process will be used, as defined in this subpart, to...

  14. 7 CFR 1940.313 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). 1940.313 Section 1940.313 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Environmental Program § 1940.313 Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The environmental assessment process will be used, as defined in this subpart, to...

  15. 7 CFR 1940.313 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). 1940.313 Section 1940.313 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Environmental Program § 1940.313 Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The environmental assessment process will be used, as defined in this subpart, to...

  16. 36 CFR 907.11 - Actions that normally require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) Street closures and other rearrangements of public space which were not covered in the Plan or the Final... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Actions that normally require an environmental assessment. 907.11 Section 907.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property...

  17. 10 CFR 503.23 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements. 503.23 Section 503.23 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS NEW FACILITIES... consumed, as defined in part C of the Clean Air Act; the use of an alternate fuel will cause or...

  18. 10 CFR 503.34 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements. 503.34 Section 503.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS NEW FACILITIES... in part C of the Clean Air Act; the use of an alternate fuel will cause or contribute...

  19. 30 CFR 933.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE...—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter,...

  20. 30 CFR 921.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE...—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter,...

  1. 30 CFR 933.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE...—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter,...

  2. 30 CFR 933.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE...—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter,...

  3. 30 CFR 933.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE...—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter,...

  4. 30 CFR 921.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE...—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter,...

  5. 30 CFR 921.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE...—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter,...

  6. 40 CFR 86.161-00 - Air conditioning environmental test facility ambient requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... to simulate the impact of an ambient heat load on the power requirements of the vehicle's air conditioning compressor while operating on a specific driving cycle. The environmental facility control... heat load are: (A) Metal halide; (B) Quartz halogen with dichroic mirrors; and (C) Sodium iodide....

  7. 32 CFR Enclosure 1 - Requirements for Environmental Considerations-Global Commons

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the responsible decision-making official to be informed of pertinent environmental considerations. The... making an appropriate record with respect to this requirement is for the decision-maker to sign and date...-making process. Other means of making an appropriate record are also acceptable. 9. Timing. No...

  8. 30 CFR 280.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental analysis? 280.30 Section 280.30 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE PROSPECTING FOR MINERALS OTHER THAN OIL, GAS, AND SULPHUR...

  9. 10 CFR 503.23 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., variances, and State Implementation Plan revisions); (7) Any other documentation which demonstrates an inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements; (8) No alternate power supply exists, as... consumed, as defined in part C of the Clean Air Act; the use of an alternate fuel will cause or...

  10. 10 CFR 503.23 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., variances, and State Implementation Plan revisions); (7) Any other documentation which demonstrates an inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements; (8) No alternate power supply exists, as... consumed, as defined in part C of the Clean Air Act; the use of an alternate fuel will cause or...

  11. 10 CFR 503.34 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions); and (7) Any other documentation which demonstrates an inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements; (8) No alternate power supply exists as... in part C of the Clean Air Act; the use of an alternate fuel will cause or contribute...

  12. 10 CFR 503.23 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., variances, and State Implementation Plan revisions); (7) Any other documentation which demonstrates an inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements; (8) No alternate power supply exists, as... consumed, as defined in part C of the Clean Air Act; the use of an alternate fuel will cause or...

  13. 10 CFR 503.34 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions); and (7) Any other documentation which demonstrates an inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements; (8) No alternate power supply exists as... in part C of the Clean Air Act; the use of an alternate fuel will cause or contribute...

  14. 10 CFR 503.34 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions); and (7) Any other documentation which demonstrates an inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements; (8) No alternate power supply exists as... in part C of the Clean Air Act; the use of an alternate fuel will cause or contribute...

  15. 36 CFR 1234.14 - What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities? 1234.14 Section 1234.14 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT FACILITY STANDARDS FOR...

  16. 36 CFR 1234.14 - What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities? 1234.14 Section 1234.14 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT FACILITY STANDARDS FOR...

  17. 36 CFR 1234.14 - What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities? 1234.14 Section 1234.14 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT FACILITY STANDARDS FOR...

  18. 36 CFR 1234.14 - What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities? 1234.14 Section 1234.14 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT FACILITY STANDARDS FOR...

  19. 43 CFR 3262.11 - What environmental requirements must I meet when drilling a well?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... quality of surface and subsurface water, air, natural resources, wildlife, soil, vegetation, and natural... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What environmental requirements must I meet when drilling a well? 3262.11 Section 3262.11 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating...

  20. 21 CFR 25.20 - Actions requiring preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Actions requiring preparation of an environmental assessment. 25.20 Section 25.20 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... request, unless categorically excluded in §§ 25.30(d) or 25.32(h). (d) Disposition of FDA laboratory...

  1. 21 CFR 25.20 - Actions requiring preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Actions requiring preparation of an environmental assessment. 25.20 Section 25.20 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... request, unless categorically excluded in §§ 25.30(d) or 25.32(h). (d) Disposition of FDA laboratory...

  2. 10 CFR 503.34 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... exemption. All such analysis must be based on accepted analytical techniques, such as air quality modeling... of a pollutant for which any national ambient air quality standard is or would be exceeded; (ii) No... environmental requirements. The cost of compliance is not relevant, but cost-related considerations may...

  3. 10 CFR 205.329 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 2.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 2. 205.329 Section 205.329 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS... Facilities for Transmission of Electric Energy at International Boundaries § 205.329...

  4. 10 CFR 205.328 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1. 205.328 Section 205.328 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS... to 10 CFR 205.322 (c) and (d). ERA will use these and other sources of information as the basis...

  5. 32 CFR Enclosure 2 - Requirements for Environmental Considerations-Foreign Nations and Protected Global Resources

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... to the direction of the President or a cabinet officer when the national security or national... Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, the offices for the collection of specialized... 32 National Defense 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Requirements for Environmental...

  6. 21 CFR 25.20 - Actions requiring preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Actions requiring preparation of an environmental assessment. 25.20 Section 25.20 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... request, unless categorically excluded in §§ 25.30(d) or 25.32(h). (d) Disposition of FDA laboratory...

  7. 36 CFR 223.30 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.30 Section 223.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM...

  8. 36 CFR 223.30 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.30 Section 223.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM...

  9. 36 CFR 223.30 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.30 Section 223.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM...

  10. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM...

  11. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM...

  12. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM...

  13. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM...

  14. 25 CFR 170.450 - What archeological and environmental requirements must the IRR Program meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian Reservation Roads Program Facilities Environmental and Archeological Requirements § 170.450 What archeological...-governance agreements for the IRR Program are in 25 CFR 900.125 and 1000.243....

  15. 30 CFR 903.783 - Underground mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 903.783 Section 903.783 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN...

  16. 30 CFR 921.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 921.783 Section 921.783 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN...

  17. 30 CFR 905.783 - Underground mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 905.783 Section 905.783 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN...

  18. 30 CFR 910.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 910.783 Section 910.783 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN...

  19. 30 CFR 912.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 912.783 Section 912.783 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN...

  20. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  1. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  2. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  3. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  4. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  5. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  6. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  7. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  8. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  9. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  10. A decision-making framework to model environmental flow requirements in oasis areas using Bayesian networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xue, Jie; Gui, Dongwei; Zhao, Ying; Lei, Jiaqiang; Zeng, Fanjiang; Feng, Xinlong; Mao, Donglei; Shareef, Muhammad

    2016-09-01

    The competition for water resources between agricultural and natural oasis ecosystems has become an increasingly serious problem in oasis areas worldwide. Recently, the intensive extension of oasis farmland has led to excessive exploitation of water discharge, and consequently has resulted in a lack of water supply in natural oasis. To coordinate the conflicts, this paper provides a decision-making framework for modeling environmental flows in oasis areas using Bayesian networks (BNs). Three components are included in the framework: (1) assessment of agricultural economic loss due to meeting environmental flow requirements; (2) decision-making analysis using BNs; and (3) environmental flow decision-making under different water management scenarios. The decision-making criterion is determined based on intersection point analysis between the probability of large-level total agro-economic loss and the ratio of total to maximum agro-economic output by satisfying environmental flows. An application in the Qira oasis area of the Tarim Basin, Northwest China indicates that BNs can model environmental flow decision-making associated with agricultural economic loss effectively, as a powerful tool to coordinate water-use conflicts. In the case study, the environmental flow requirement is determined as 50.24%, 49.71% and 48.73% of the natural river flow in wet, normal and dry years, respectively. Without further agricultural economic loss, 1.93%, 0.66% and 0.43% of more river discharge can be allocated to eco-environmental water demands under the combined strategy in wet, normal and dry years, respectively. This work provides a valuable reference for environmental flow decision-making in any oasis area worldwide.

  11. Integration of Environmental Restoration and Decontamination and Dismantlement Requirements at the INEEL

    SciTech Connect

    C. L. Reese; D. J. Kuhns

    1999-02-01

    In 1997, the Environmental Restoration Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) determined that it was necessary to remediate a Comprehensive Environmental Response and Liability Act (CERCLA) site to address the risk of subsurface petroleum contamination to human health and the environment. This cleanup project was conducted utilizing the Non-time Critical Removal Action process. Due to the close proximity (above the contaminated soil) of a number of above ground storage tanks and a building, the CERCLA project team worked closely with the D&D group to ensure all requirements for each program were met. Lessons learned and regulatory requirements are discussed in the paper, including the factors unknown to many ER personnel regarding the steps required to be completed prior to the dismantlement of structures. The paper summarizes the background associated with the site, why the removal action was conducted, the scope of the removal action, and the results. The emphasis of the paper is to discuss the integration between ER and D&D requirements and processes. In the current environment where ER and D&D activities are commingled, it is imperative that ER and D&D personnel are aware of the requirements imposed upon each program. By working together and building upon the strengths of each program, the INEEL�s 1997 removal action was a tremendous success.

  12. Integration of Environmental Restoration and Decontamination and Dismantlement Requirements at the INEEL

    SciTech Connect

    Kuhns, Douglass Jack; Reese, Craig Lyle

    1999-03-01

    In 1997, the Environmental Restoration Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) determined that it was necessary to remediate a Comprehensive Environmental Response and Liability Act (CERCLA) site to address the risk of subsurface petroleum contamination to human health and the environment. This cleanup project was conducted utilizing the Non-time Critical Removal Action process. Due to the close proximity (above the contaminated soil) of a number of above ground storage tanks and a building, the CERCLA project team worked closely with the D&D group to ensure all requirements for each program were met. Lessons learned and regulatory requirements will be discussed in the paper, including the factors unknown to many ER personnel regarding the steps required to be completed prior to the dismantlement of structures. The paper will summarize the background associated with the site, why the removal action was conducted, the scope of the removal action, and the results. The emphasis of the paper will discuss the integration between ER and D&D requirements and processes. In the current environment where ER and D&D activities are commingled, it is imperative that ER and D&D personnel are aware of the requirements imposed upon each program. By working together and building upon the strengths of each program, the INEEL’s 1997 removal action was a tremendous success.

  13. Design requirements, challenges, and solutions for high-temperature falling particle receivers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Christian, Joshua; Ho, Clifford

    2016-05-01

    Falling particle receivers (FPR) utilize small particles as a heat collecting medium within a cavity receiver structure. Previous analysis for FPR systems include computational fluid dynamics (CFD), analytical evaluations, and experiments to determine the feasibility and achievability of this CSP technology. Sandia National Laboratories has fabricated and tested a 1 MWth FPR that consists of a cavity receiver, top hopper, bottom hopper, support structure, particle elevator, flux target, and instrumentation. Design requirements and inherent challenges were addressed to enable continuous operation of flowing particles under high-flux conditions and particle temperatures over 700 °C. Challenges include being able to withstand extremely high temperatures (up to 1200°C on the walls of the cavity), maintaining particle flow and conveyance, measuring temperatures and mass flow rates, filtering out debris, protecting components from direct flux spillage, and measuring irradiance in the cavity. Each of the major components of the system is separated into design requirements, associated challenges and corresponding solutions. The intent is to provide industry and researchers with lessons learned to avoid pitfalls and technical problems encountered during the development of Sandia's prototype particle receiver system at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility (NSTTF).

  14. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Florida)

    SciTech Connect

    Zale, A.V.; Merrifield, S.G. )

    1989-07-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, habitats, and environmental requirements of coastal species of fishes and aquatic invertebrates. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessment. The tarpon and ladyfish are popular gamefishes. Adults spawn offshore. Larval and juvenile stages inhabit coastal marshes and mangroves. Both species are thermophilic (preferring warm water), euryhaline (tolerant of a wide range of salinity), and are capable of surviving at low oxygen concentrations. Wetlands destruction and degradation negatively affect these species by reducing nursery areas. 3 figs.

  15. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Northwest): Olympia oyster

    SciTech Connect

    Couch, D. . Coll. of Natural Resources); Hassler, T.J. . California Cooperative Fishery Research Unit)

    1989-12-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessments. Olympia oysters initially spawn as males then alternate their functional genders. Spawning begins at 13-16 {degree}C and occurs from spring to fall. After a short planktonic stage, larvae attach to the substrate. Olympia oysters thrive at salinities of 25 ppt or above; they are killed by freezing temperatures. Olympia oysters once supported large sustenance and commercial fisheries. Olympia oysters have not returned to pre-exploitation population levels which declined because of pollution and loss of habitat. 32 refs., 2 figs.

  16. A synthesis of environmental and recreational mitigation requirements at hydropower projects in the United States

    DOE PAGES

    Schramm, Michael P.; Bevelhimer, Mark S.; DeRolph, Chris R.

    2016-04-11

    Environmental mitigation plays an important role in the environmentally sustainable development of hydropower resources. However, comprehensive data on mitigation required by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) at United States (US) hydropower projects is lacking. Therefore, our objective was to create a comprehensive database of mitigation required at non-federal hydropower projects and provide a synthesis of available mitigation data. Mitigation data was collated for over 300 plants licensed or relicensed from 1998 through 2013. We observed that the majority of FERC mitigation requirements deal with either hydrologic flows or recreation and that hydropower plants in the Pacific Northwest had themore » highest number of requirements. Our data indicate opportunities exist to further explore hydropower mitigation in the areas of environmental flows, fish passage, and water quality. Lastly, connecting these data with ecological outcomes, actual flow data, and larger landscape level information will be necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of mitigation and ultimately inform regulators, managers, and planners.« less

  17. Requirements, guidance and logic in planning environmental investigations: Approval versus implementation

    SciTech Connect

    Brice, D.A.

    1993-09-09

    In today`s litigious society, it is important for both private parties and government to plan and conduct environmental investigations in a scientifically sound manner, documenting the purpose, methods, and results in a consistent fashion throughout the exercise. Planning documents are prepared during the initial phases of environmental investigations. Project objectives, including data quality requirements, specific work to be conducted to fulfill data needs, and operating procedures are specified. Regulatory agency approval of these documents is often required prior to plan implementation. These approvals are necessary and appropriate to fulfilling the agency`s mandated role. Many guidance documents prepared by regulatory agencies suggest the content and format of various scoping documents. These guidances help standardize thought processes and considerations in planning, and provide a template to ensure that both the plan and the proposed work will fulfill regulatory requirements. This work describes the preparation and use of guidance documents for planning environmental studies. The goals and some of the pitfalls of such documents are discussed. Guidance should include the following elements: the purpose of the guidance and a description of where it applies; the type of items to be addressed in planning; identification of requirements are applicable to all projects for which the guidance is intended; identification of requirements only applicable in certain situations; a description of items to facilitate planning; a suggested format for fulfilling requirements; example applications of the guidance. Disagreements arise between planners and reviewers/approvers when elements of guidance are used as leverage to require work not directly related to project objectives. Guidance may be inappropriately used as a milestone by which site-specific plans are judged. Regulatory agency review and approval may be regarded as a primary objective of the plan.

  18. Solution-processed solar cells based on environmentally friendly AgBiS2 nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernechea, María; Miller, Nichole Cates; Xercavins, Guillem; So, David; Stavrinadis, Alexandros; Konstantatos, Gerasimos

    2016-08-01

    Solution-processed inorganic solar cells are a promising low-cost alternative to first-generation solar cells. Solution processing at low temperatures combined with the use of non-toxic and abundant elements can help minimize fabrication costs and facilitate regulatory acceptance. However, at present, there is no material that exhibits all these features while demonstrating promising efficiencies. Many of the candidates being explored contain toxic elements such as lead or cadmium (perovskites, PbS, CdTe and CdS(Se)) or scarce elements such as tellurium or indium (CdTe and CIGS(Se)/CIS). Others require high-temperature processes such as selenization or sintering, or rely on vacuum deposition techniques (Sb2S(Se)3, SnS and CZTS(Se)). Here, we present AgBiS2 nanocrystals as a non-toxic, earth-abundant material for high-performance, solution-processed solar cells fabricated under ambient conditions at low temperatures (≤100 °C). We demonstrate devices with a certified power conversion efficiency of 6.3%, with no hysteresis and a short-circuit current density of ˜22 mA cm-2 for an active layer thickness of only ˜35 nm.

  19. Solution-processed solar cells based on environmentally friendly AgBiS2 nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernechea, María; Miller, Nichole Cates; Xercavins, Guillem; So, David; Stavrinadis, Alexandros; Konstantatos, Gerasimos

    2016-08-01

    Solution-processed inorganic solar cells are a promising low-cost alternative to first-generation solar cells. Solution processing at low temperatures combined with the use of non-toxic and abundant elements can help minimize fabrication costs and facilitate regulatory acceptance. However, at present, there is no material that exhibits all these features while demonstrating promising efficiencies. Many of the candidates being explored contain toxic elements such as lead or cadmium (perovskites, PbS, CdTe and CdS(Se)) or scarce elements such as tellurium or indium (CdTe and CIGS(Se)/CIS). Others require high-temperature processes such as selenization or sintering, or rely on vacuum deposition techniques (Sb2S(Se)3, SnS and CZTS(Se)). Here, we present AgBiS2 nanocrystals as a non-toxic, earth-abundant material for high-performance, solution-processed solar cells fabricated under ambient conditions at low temperatures (≤100 °C). We demonstrate devices with a certified power conversion efficiency of 6.3%, with no hysteresis and a short-circuit current density of ∼22 mA cm‑2 for an active layer thickness of only ∼35 nm.

  20. Environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs)-2. Are free hydroxyl radicals generated in aqueous solutions?

    PubMed

    Khachatryan, Lavrent; Dellinger, Barry

    2011-11-01

    A chemical spin trap, 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO), in conjunction with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was employed to measure the production of hydroxyl radical (·OH) in aqueous suspensions of 5% Cu(II)O/silica (3.9% Cu) particles containing environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) of 2-monochlorophenol (2-MCP). The results indicate: (1) a significant differences in accumulated DMPO-OH adducts between EPFR containing particles and non-EPFR control samples, (2) a strong correlation between the concentration of DMPO-OH adducts and EPFRs per gram of particles, and (3) a slow, constant growth of DMPO-OH concentration over a period of days in solution containing 50 μg/mL EPFRs particles + DMPO (150 mM) + reagent balanced by 200 μL phosphate buffered (pH = 7.4) saline. However, failure to form secondary radicals using standard scavengers, such as ethanol, dimethylsulfoxide, sodium formate, and sodium azide, suggests free hydroxyl radicals may not have been generated in solution. This suggests surface-bound, rather than free, hydroxyl radicals were generated by a surface catalyzed-redox cycle involving both the EPFRs and Cu(II)O. Toxicological studies clearly indicate these bound free radicals promote various types of cardiovascular and pulmonary disease normally attributed to unbound free radicals; however, the exact chemical mechanism deserves further study in light of the implication of formation of bound, rather than free, hydroxyl radicals.

  1. Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs). 3. Free versus Bound Hydroxyl Radicals in EPFR Aqueous Solutions

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Additional experimental evidence is presented for in vitro generation of hydroxyl radicals because of redox cycling of environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) produced after adsorption of 2-monochlorophenol at 230 °C (2-MCP-230) on copper oxide supported by silica, 5% Cu(II)O/silica (3.9% Cu). A chemical spin trapping agent, 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO), in conjunction with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was employed. Experiments in spiked O17 water have shown that ∼15% of hydroxyl radicals formed as a result of redox cycling. This amount of hydroxyl radicals arises from an exogenous Fenton reaction and may stay either partially trapped on the surface of particulate matter (physisorbed or chemisorbed) or transferred into solution as free OH. Computational work confirms the highly stable nature of the DMPO–OH adduct, as an intermediate produced by interaction of DMPO with physisorbed/chemisorbed OH (at the interface of solid catalyst/solution). All reaction pathways have been supported by ab initio calculations. PMID:25036238

  2. Association and Diffusion of Li(+) in Carboxymethylcellulose Solutions for Environmentally Friendly Li-ion Batteries.

    PubMed

    Casalegno, Mosè; Castiglione, Franca; Passarello, Marco; Mele, Andrea; Passerini, Stefano; Raos, Guido

    2016-07-21

    Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) has been proposed as a polymeric binder for electrodes in environmentally friendly Li-ion batteries. Its physical properties and interaction with Li(+) ions in water are interesting not only from the point of view of electrode preparation-processability in water is one of the main reasons for its environmental friendliness-but also for its possible application in aqueous Li-ion batteries. We combine molecular dynamics simulations and variable-time pulsed field gradient spin-echo (PFGSE) NMR spectroscopy to investigate Li(+) transport in CMC-based solutions. Both the simulations and experimental results show that, at concentrations at which Li-CMC has a gel-like consistency, the Li(+) diffusion coefficient is still very close to that in water. These Li(+) ions interact preferentially with the carboxylate groups of CMC, giving rise to a rich variety of coordination patterns. However, the diffusion of Li(+) in these systems is essentially unrestricted, with a fast, nanosecond-scale exchange of the ions between CMC and the aqueous environment. PMID:27253620

  3. Association and Diffusion of Li(+) in Carboxymethylcellulose Solutions for Environmentally Friendly Li-ion Batteries.

    PubMed

    Casalegno, Mosè; Castiglione, Franca; Passarello, Marco; Mele, Andrea; Passerini, Stefano; Raos, Guido

    2016-07-21

    Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) has been proposed as a polymeric binder for electrodes in environmentally friendly Li-ion batteries. Its physical properties and interaction with Li(+) ions in water are interesting not only from the point of view of electrode preparation-processability in water is one of the main reasons for its environmental friendliness-but also for its possible application in aqueous Li-ion batteries. We combine molecular dynamics simulations and variable-time pulsed field gradient spin-echo (PFGSE) NMR spectroscopy to investigate Li(+) transport in CMC-based solutions. Both the simulations and experimental results show that, at concentrations at which Li-CMC has a gel-like consistency, the Li(+) diffusion coefficient is still very close to that in water. These Li(+) ions interact preferentially with the carboxylate groups of CMC, giving rise to a rich variety of coordination patterns. However, the diffusion of Li(+) in these systems is essentially unrestricted, with a fast, nanosecond-scale exchange of the ions between CMC and the aqueous environment.

  4. Barriers and potential solutions for Critical Zone data integration between environmental genomics and the geosciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aronson, E. L.; Meyer, F.; Packman, A. I.; Mayorga, E.

    2015-12-01

    The Earth's permeable near-surface layer from bedrock to canopy is referred to as the Critical Zone (CZ). Integration of bio- and geoscience data is critical for understanding physical, biological and chemical interactions in the CZ. Genomic and meta-genomic scientists study organisms both in laboratory settings and in the environment, in order to understand the interactions of organisms with the environment. Geoscientists are using environmental data to describe and model dynamics of physical and chemical properties. Yet, there is no agreed upon method for integrating genomic and environmental data to address interactions of living and non-living components of the CZ. There are standards for data interchange being developed in the geosciences and genomics sciences, via standards organization such as the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), as well as by research communities in biogeochemistry, hydrology, climatology, and other fields. These are in parallel to, but typically not in coordination with the standards the Genomics Standards Consortium (GSC) is developing for genomics. In addition, efforts are being made to allow for intercompatability of these CZ data with data generated by NEON, Inc. The interoperability of these types of data is limited with current software and cyberinfrastructure. A group of CZ geoscientists, environmental genomic scientists and cyberinfrastructure scientists are coming together to develop a set of common data collection and integration methods and sets of common standards. The data generated by this effort across multiple CZ sites (including the US CZ Observatories, or CZOs) around the world, along with NEON facility data, will be used to test EarthCube (an NSF initiative to develop cyberinfrastructure for the geosciences) cyberinfrastructure, with the goal of bridging this gap in standards and interoperability. Potential solutions to these issues of interoperability will be presented, and a way forward will be described.

  5. Environmental solutions for the sustainable production of bioactive natural products from the marine sponge Crambe crambe.

    PubMed

    Pérez-López, Paula; Ternon, Eva; González-García, Sara; Genta-Jouve, Grégory; Feijoo, Gumersindo; Thomas, Olivier P; Moreira, Ma Teresa

    2014-03-15

    Crambe crambe is a Mediterranean marine sponge known to produce original natural substances belonging to two families of guanidine alkaloids, namely crambescins and crambescidins, which exhibit cytotoxic and antiviral activities. These compounds are therefore considered as potential anticancer drugs. The present study focuses on the environmental assessment of a novel in vivo process for the production of pure crambescin and crambescidin using sponge specimens cultured in aquarium. The assessment was performed following the ISO 14040 standard and extended from the production of the different mass and energy flows to the system to the growth of the sponge in indoor aquarium and further periodic extraction and purification of the bioactive compounds. According to the results, the two stages that have a remarkable contribution to all impact categories are the purification of the bioactive molecules followed by the maintenance of the sponge culture in the aquarium. Among the involved activities, the production of the chemicals (particularly methanol) together with the electricity requirements (especially due to the aquarium lighting) are responsible for up to 90% of the impact in most of the assessed categories. However, the contributions of other stages to the environmental burdens, such as the collection of sponges, considerably depend on the assumptions made during the inventory stage. The simulation of alternative scenarios has led to propose improvement alternatives that may allow significant reductions ranging from 20% to 70%, mainly thanks to the reduction of electricity requirements as well as the partial reuse of methanol.

  6. Determining if a change to a proposal requires additional NEPA documentation: the Smithsonian Solution

    SciTech Connect

    ECCLESTON, C.H.

    1999-02-23

    Proposed actions tend to evolve over time. Once National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) documentation is completed, agencies are at risk that subsequent changes may not be adequately covered or that existing NEPA documentation maybe completely invalidated. Neither NEPA nor its subsequent regulations provide sufficient direction for determining the degree to which a proposed action may change before preparation of new or supplemental documentation is necessary. Yet, decisionmakers are routinely involved in determining if a change to a proposed action departs, to such an extent, from the description presented in the NEPA document that additional documentation is necessary. Experience demonstrates that no two decisionmakers will completely agree, one decisionmaker might believe that a particular change would not require additional documentation, while the other concludes the exact opposite. Lacking definitive direction, decisionmakers and critics alike may point to a universe of potential considerations as the basis for defending their claim that a change in an action does or does not require new or additional NEPA documentation. Assertions are often based on equivocal opinions that can be neither proved nor disproved. Moreover, decisionmakers are frequently placed in an arduous dilemma of justifying a decision, for which there is no generally accepted methodology on which to base the decision. Lack of definitive direction can prolong the decisionmaking process, resulting in project delays. This can also lead to inappropriate levels of NEPA documentation, inconsistencies in decisionmaking, and increased risk of a legal challenge because of insufficient documentation. Clearly, a more systematic and less subjective approach is needed, A tool for streamlining the NEPA process, by reducing this degree of subjectivity, is presented in this paper.

  7. Requirements for quality control of analytical data for the Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect

    Engels, J.

    1992-12-01

    The Environmental Restoration (ER) Program was established for the investigation and remediation of inactive US Department of Energy (DOE) sites and facilities that have been declared surplus in terms of their previous uses. The purpose of this document is to Specify ER requirements for quality control (QC) of analytical data. Activities throughout all phases of the investigation may affect the quality of the final data product, thus are subject to control specifications. Laboratory control is emphasized in this document, and field concerns will be addressed in a companion document Energy Systems, in its role of technical coordinator and at the request of DOE-OR, extends the application of these requirements to all participants in ER activities. Because every instance and concern may not be addressed in this document, participants are encouraged to discuss any questions with the ER Quality Assurance (QA) Office, the Analytical Environmental Support Group (AESG), or the Analytical Project Office (APO).

  8. Proposed solutions to environmental regulations trade imbalances and unstable prices in the US petroleum industry

    SciTech Connect

    Jackson, R.D.

    1995-12-31

    The United States petroleum industry is facing several critical problems as it struggles to meet the nation`s energy demands. Environmental demands place a burden on the domestic industry that is not shared by foreign countries. Environmental laws are, in effect, an assignment by society of the benefit-to-cost ratio of the pollutant(s) being regulated. Lawmakers and regulators seldom consider that the promulgated regulations require industry to invest part of their resources (and, thus, part of our GNP) to produce this result. This is an important consideration in determining if the mandated result is worth the resource investment. All regulations are not bad, but they do require an investment of finite resources to gain a desired result. It is important to determine if accomplishing the mandated goal justifies the allocation of the required resources. Another critical and frightening problem faced by the United States is the massive importation of foreign energy, which further erodes our national productivity and balance of payments. This continued growth or deficit energy financing results in the selling of ourselves to other countries. They own our energy deficit dollars and we pay an ever increasing amount of interest on our {open_quotes}energy loan{close_quotes}. The energy deficit problem is further compounded by market instability and variability primarily caused by the trading of crude oil and product futures on the Mercantile Exchange. This price {open_quotes}roller coaster{close_quotes} began in early 1986 and continues to create financial chaos in the U.S. refining industry.

  9. Environmental Restoration Program quality system requirements for the Hanford Site. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect

    Cote, R.F.

    1993-11-01

    This document defines the quality system requirements for the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office, Environmental Restoration Program at the Hanford Site. The Quality System Requirements (OSR) for the Hanford Site integrates quality assurance requirements from the US Department of Energy Orders, the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), and applicable industry standards into a single source document for the development of quality systems applicable to the Environmental Restoration Program activities. This document, based on fifteen criteria and divided intro three parts, provides user organizations with the flexibility to incorporate only those criteria and parts applicable to their specific scopes of work. The requirements of this document shall be applied to activities that affect quality based on a graded approach that takes into consideration the risk inherent in, as well as the importance of, specific items, services, and activities in terms of meeting ER Program objectives and customer expectations. The individual quality systems developed in accordance with this document are intended to provide an integrated management control system that assures the conduct of ER Program activities in a manner that protects human health and the environment.

  10. 7 CFR 1940.313 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... variability of the types and locations of actions taken by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103... 7 Agriculture 13 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Actions that normally require the preparation of an... Environmental Program § 1940.313 Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental...

  11. 7 CFR 1940.313 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... variability of the types and locations of actions taken by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103... 7 Agriculture 13 2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Actions that normally require the preparation of an... Environmental Program § 1940.313 Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental...

  12. Transient water age distributions in environmental flow systems: The time-marching Laplace transform solution technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cornaton, F. J.

    2012-03-01

    Environmental fluid circulations are very often characterized by analyzing the fate and behavior of natural and anthropogenic tracers. Among these tracers, age is taken as an ideal tracer which can yield interesting diagnoses, as for example the characterization of the mixing and renewal of water masses, of the fate and mixing of contaminants, or the calibration of hydrodispersive parameters used by numerical models. Such diagnoses are of great interest in atmospheric and ocean circulation sciences, as well in surface and subsurface hydrology. The temporal evolution of groundwater age and its frequency distributions can display important changes as flow regimes vary due to natural change in climate and hydrologic conditions and/or human induced pressures on the resource to satisfy the water demand. Groundwater age being nowadays frequently used to investigate reservoir properties and recharge conditions, special attention needs to be put on the way this property is characterized, would it be using isotopic methods or mathematical modeling. Steady state age frequency distributions can be modeled using standard numerical techniques since the general balance equation describing age transport under steady state flow conditions is exactly equivalent to a standard advection-dispersion equation. The time-dependent problem is however described by an extended transport operator that incorporates an additional coordinate for water age. The consequence is that numerical solutions can hardly be achieved, especially for real 3-D applications over large time periods of interest. A novel algorithm for solving the age distribution problem under time-varying flow regimes is presented and, for some specific configurations, extended to the problem of generalized component exposure time. The algorithm combines the Laplace transform technique applied to the age (or exposure time) coordinate with standard time-marching schemes. The method is validated and illustrated using analytical

  13. Space construction base support requirements for environmental control and life support systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thiele, R. J.; Secord, T. C.; Murphy, G. L.

    1977-01-01

    A Space Station analysis study is being performed for NASA which identifies cost-effective Space Station options that can provide a space facility capable of performing space construction, space manufacturing, cosmological research, earth services, and other functions. A space construction base concept for the construction of large structures, such as those needed to implement satellite solar power for earth usage, will be used as a basis for discussing requirements that impact the design selection, level of integration, and operation of environmental control and life support systems (ECLSS). The space construction base configuration also provides a basic Space Station facility that can accommodate biological manufacturing modules, ultrapure glasses manufacturing modules, and modules for other services in a building-block fashion. Examples of special problems that could dictate hardware required to augment the basic ECLSS for autonomous modules will be highlighted. Additionally, overall intravehicular (IVA) and extravehicular (EVA) activities and requirements that could impact the basic station ECLSS degree of closure are discussed.

  14. Results of the user survey of functional requirements for the Oak Ridge Environmental Information System

    SciTech Connect

    1995-03-01

    The Oak Ridge Environmental Information System (OREIS) user survey of functional requirements was conducted in the spring and summer of 1994 to allow representatives of the OREIS user community to review and confirm the functionality of the OREIS system and to provide a method to document user acceptance of the system. The results of the survey confirm that the OREIS system meets data and functional requirements of the users. It further emphasizes that the user community is quite diverse, with many different needs for and perspectives about OREIS, and with varying needs for access and use of software tools. To meet the needs of a diverse and potentially changing user community, OREIS staff will survey the user community periodically to obtain input on changes to user requirements for future versions of the system.

  15. Evaluation of environmental flow requirements using eco-hydrologic-hydraulic methods in perennial rivers.

    PubMed

    Abdi, Reza; Yasi, Mehdi

    2015-01-01

    The assessment of environmental flows in rivers is of vital importance for preserving riverine ecosystem processes. This paper addresses the evaluation of environmental flow requirements in three reaches along a typical perennial river (the Zab transboundary river, in north-west Iran), using different hydraulic, hydrological and ecological methods. The main objective of this study came from the construction of three dams and inter-basin transfer of water from the Zab River to the Urmia Lake. Eight hydrological methods (i.e. Tennant, Tessman, flow duration curve analysis, range of variability approach, Smakhtin, flow duration curve shifting, desktop reserve and 7Q2&10 (7-day low flow with a 2- and 10-year return period)); two hydraulic methods (slope value and maximum curvature); and two habitat simulation methods (hydraulic-ecologic, and Q Equation based on water quality indices) were used. Ecological needs of the riverine key species (mainly Barbus capito fish), river geometries, natural flow regime and the environmental status of river management were the main indices for determining the minimum flow requirements. The results indicate that the order of 35%, 17% and 18% of the mean annual flow are to be maintained for the upper, middle and downstream river reaches, respectively. The allocated monthly flow rates in the three Dams steering program are not sufficient to preserve the Zab River life.

  16. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic)

    SciTech Connect

    Hill, J. . School of Forest Resources); Evans, J.W.; Van Den Avyle, M.J. . Georgia Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit)

    1989-12-01

    This species profile is one of a series on coastal aquatic organisms, principally fish, of sport, commercial, or ecological importance. The profiles are designed to provide coastal managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental requirements of the species and to describe how populations of the species may be expected to react to environmental changes caused by coastal development. Each profile has sections on taxonomy, life history, ecological role, environmental requirements, and economic importance, if applicable. Striped bass are native to coastal rivers and nearshore areas. Populations along the South Atlantic coast are primarily riverine. Spawning begins as early as February and peaks at temperatures of 18--21{degrees}C. Spawning usually occurs in downstream portions of river systems having appropriate waterflow, salinity, temperature, and other water quality characteristics. Striped bass populations have declined since the early 1900's, but enough fish have survived or been restored to support commercial fishing in Albemarle Sound and recreational fishing in most major rivers along the South Atlantic coastline. Striped bass are predators and prey on many sympatric invertebrates and fishes. Larval striped bass feed on aquatic invertebrates and switch to feed on small fish as juveniles and adults. 200 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest): Striped bass

    SciTech Connect

    Hassler, T.J.

    1988-03-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessment. The striped bass supports one of the most important sport fisheries in the Pacific Southwest. The only population of striped bass of consequence in the Pacific Southwest is in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Estuary and Pacific Ocean within 40 km of San Francisco Bay. Males mature at age 2 or 3 and females at ages 4 to 7. Striped bass are anadromous and spawn in fresh- or nearly fresh-water from April to June in the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers and the Delta area formed by the rivers. The semibuoyant eggs require a minimum current of 30.5 cm/s during development to keep them from settling to the bottom and dying. Year-class size of striped bass in the estuary has been correlated with survival during early life. The abundance of young bass, mean FL 38 mm, has been associated with river outflow from the Delta and the percentage of the river inflow diverted. The abundance of striped bass in the estuary has steadily declined since the 1960's; the decline is believed to be related to a combination of toxic substances and entrainment of young bass. Temperature, salinity, and river discharge are also important environmental factors affecting the survival of striped bass. 109 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

  18. An environmental management industrial solution for the treatment and reuse of mussel wastewaters.

    PubMed

    Prieto, M A; Prieto, I; Vázquez, J A; Ferreira, Isabel C F R

    2015-12-15

    In the North-West of Spain, the annual production of mussel is 2×10(6)t (35% of the world). The industrial thermal treatment of mussels generates between 300 and 400L/t wastewaters that are continuously disposed into the sea without previous treatment and or further reuse. These effluents, relatively rich in organic matter (7g glycogen/L and 25g COD/L), contribute to the progressive deterioration of the marine ecosystem. We wish to suggest a biotechnological process, based on a laboratory optimization and industrial pre-scale trials, to transform these industrial effluents into a growth culture medium to produce microbial biomass. Furthermore, this biomass is isolated and treated by different optimized separation and purification processes to produce several bioproducts: 1) single cell protein; 2) cell wall material with a high content in glucans and glycoproteins 3) fractions of 1,3-β-glucans and mannoproteins from yeast cell walls hydrolysis; and 4) a potential antioxidant extract. Finally, the authors propose a scaled process for its industrial application. In consequence, we believe that this work provides an environmentally friendly, eco-designed and profitable solution that allows integrating the mussel industry into the ecosystem in a sustainable way.

  19. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest): Amphipods

    SciTech Connect

    Grosse, D.J.; Pauley, G.B.

    1989-01-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessment. Amphipods are ubiquitous in distribution, but are most abundant in estuarine areas and other high nutrient areas. Hyperiidea are the third most abundant coastal marine crustacean zooplankton, following copepods and euphausiids. Benthic Gammaridea are an invaluable food source for many economically important fish and invertebrate species. Habitat preference and behavior of the major amphipod groups is highly variable. Intertidal California amphipods overlap the distribution of common genera of other regions around the world. Amphipoda are reported to be indicators of heavily polluted areas. They are considered the most efficient of all scavengers on the sea bottom and in shoreline areas. 66 refs., 5 figs.

  20. Pacific herring: Species profiles, life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest)

    SciTech Connect

    Barnhart, R.A.

    1988-02-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessment. The Pacific herring, Clupea harengus pallasi, spawns in intertidal and subtidal waters of the Pacific coast during the winter-spring season. In California, female herring average about 220 eggs per gram body weight. Herring are fished commercially primarily during the spawning season to obtain herring roe for export to Japan. Herring have a significant ecological role; herring spawn deposits attract many predators, and the abundant herring larvae and juveniles found in estuaries and nearshore waters serve as food for larger sea life. Herring embryos and larvae are fairly plastic regarding temperature and salinity, and survival probably depends largely on extent of predation and food supply. Excessive turbidity hinders the spawning and incubation of herring. Herring embryos, larvae, and juveniles are subject to various pollutants introduced into the estuarine environment. 60 refs., 4 figs.

  1. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest): Dungeness crab

    SciTech Connect

    Pauley, G.B.; Armstrong, D.A.; Van Citter, R.; Thomas, G.L. )

    1989-12-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessments. The Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) is found in California estuaries and off the coast of California. It is a shellfish highly prized and sought after by both commercial and sport fishermen. Commercial landings in California have fluctuated widely, almost cyclically, over the past 30 years. In the California sport fishery, a minimum size of 6.25 inches carapace width has been established. Dungeness crab have a life cycle that involves several metamorphic stages: zoea, megalops, postlarval crab, and adult crab. Normal temperatures for Dungeness crabs are 3 to 19{degree}C. Optimum salinity for egg hatching is about 15 ppT, but the survival rate of larvae is highest at salinities of 25 to 30 ppT. 92 refs., 8 figs.

  2. Species profiles - life histories and environmental requirements (Gulf of Mexico): spotted seatrout

    SciTech Connect

    Lassuy, D.R.

    1983-02-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessment. The spotted seatrout, Cynoscion nebulosus, lives in estuaries or nearshore areas its entire life. Larvae and juveniles primarily live in vegetated parts of estuaries; adults school and occupy both estuaries and nearshore areas. Spawning occurs from February to October. Few spotted seatrout live over 5 years and females live longer than males. Commercial catches (1950 to 1977) in the Gulf of Mexico ranged from 1572 to 3374 mt; sport catch usually exceeds commercial harvest. Population dynamics data on the species are weak. Adults are opportunistic carnivores; primary foods are fish and shrimp. They have been collected in a temperature range of 5 to 35/sup 0/C and a salinity range of 0.2 to 77 ppt.

  3. Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory Operations System: Version 4.0 - system requirements specification

    SciTech Connect

    Kashporenko, D.

    1996-07-01

    This document is intended to provide an operations standard for the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory OPerations System (EMSL OPS). It is directed toward three primary audiences: (1) Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) facility and operations personnel; (2) laboratory line managers and staff; and (3) researchers, equipment operators, and laboratory users. It is also a statement of system requirements for software developers of EMSL OPS. The need for a finely tuned, superior research environment as provided by the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory has never been greater. The abrupt end of the Cold War and the realignment of national priorities caused major US and competing overseas laboratories to reposition themselves in a highly competitive research marketplace. For a new laboratory such as the EMSL, this means coming into existence in a rapidly changing external environment. For any major laboratory, these changes create funding uncertainties and increasing global competition along with concomitant demands for higher standards of research product quality and innovation. While more laboratories are chasing fewer funding dollars, research ideas and proposals, especially for molecular-level research in the materials and biological sciences, are burgeoning. In such an economically constrained atmosphere, reduced costs, improved productivity, and strategic research project portfolio building become essential to establish and maintain any distinct competitive advantage. For EMSL, this environment and these demands require clear operational objectives, specific goals, and a well-crafted strategy. Specific goals will evolve and change with the evolution of the nature and definition of DOE`s environmental research needs. Hence, EMSL OPS is designed to facilitate migration of these changes with ease into every pertinent job function, creating a facile {open_quotes}learning organization.{close_quotes}

  4. Alternative transportation fuels: Infrastructure requirements and environmental impacts for ethanol and hydrogen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wakeley, Heather L.

    Alternative fuels could replace a significant portion of the 140 billion gallons of annual US gasoline use. Considerable attention is being paid to processes and technologies for producing alternative fuels, but an enormous investment in new infrastructure will be needed to have substantial impact on the demand for petroleum. The economics of production, distribution, and use, along with environmental impacts of these fuels, will determine the success or failure of a transition away from US petroleum dependence. This dissertation evaluates infrastructure requirements for ethanol and hydrogen as alternative fuels. It begins with an economic case study for ethanol and hydrogen in Iowa. A large-scale linear optimization model is developed to estimate average transportation distances and costs for nationwide ethanol production and distribution systems. Environmental impacts of transportation in the ethanol life cycle are calculated using the Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) model. An EIO-LCA Hybrid method is developed to evaluate impacts of future fuel production technologies. This method is used to estimate emissions for hydrogen production and distribution pathways. Results from the ethanol analyses indicate that the ethanol transportation cost component is significant and is the most variable. Costs for ethanol sold in the Midwest, near primary production centers, are estimated to be comparable to or lower than gasoline costs. Along with a wide range of transportation costs, environmental impacts for ethanol range over three orders of magnitude, depending on the transport required. As a result, intensive ethanol use should be encouraged near ethanol production areas. Fossil fuels are likely to remain the primary feedstock sources for hydrogen production in the near- and mid-term. Costs and environmental impacts of hydrogen produced from natural gas and transported by pipeline are comparable to gasoline. However, capital costs are prohibitive and

  5. Department of Energy Environmental Management cost infrastructure development program: Cost analysis requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Custer, W.R. Jr.; Messick, C.D.

    1996-03-31

    This report was prepared to support development of the Department of Energy Environmental Management cost infrastructure -- a new capability to independently estimate and analyze costs. Currently, the cost data are reported according to a structure that blends level of effort tasks with product and process oriented tasks. Also. the budgetary inputs are developed from prior year funding authorizations and from contractor-developed parametric estimates that have been adjusted to planned funding levels or appropriations. Consequently, it is difficult for headquarters and field-level activities to use actual cost data and technical requirements to independently assess the costs generated and identify trends, potential cost savings from process improvements, and cost reduction strategies.

  6. Hydro-engineering and environmental problems in Poti Black Sea region and ways of their solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saghinadze, Ivane; Pkhakadze, Manana; Kodua, Manoni; Gagoshidze, Shalva

    2016-04-01

    (The article was published with support of the Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation) Work is dedicated to the development of hydro-engineering and environmental protection measures in the Black Sea regions, the main Georgian port of Poti at the mouth of the Rioni, which will minimize the region geomorphological changes caused by the influence of natural and anthropogenic factors, and will over a long period protect coastal areas of these regions from washouts and large scale silting processes. The research objects are: 1. Poti seashore, which has retreated for hundreds of meters, promoted with the existence of underwater canyon along the southern pier of the port; 2. The Rioni river watershed dam, the tail race of which in time was subjected to destruction and substantial washout. Currently the stability of the dam is endangered; 3. "City Canal" - the Rioni river old bed, which is greatly silted up and is virtually unable to perform its function - to feed Poti seashore with solid matter. The work for the hydrodynamics solutions using high-precision mathematical methods. In particular, for the establishment of coastal longshore migrations of sediment and deformations of the coastal zone is used finite element method, Crank-Nicolson scheme and method of upper relaxation in the calculation of wave propagation in the estuarine areas of the Rioni River uses direct and asymptotic (particularly WKB) Methods of mathematical analysis. The results obtained using these models will be put as a base of development of such engineering measures and design proposals which: a) will provide sustained increase of Poti coastal line on the basis of working out of exploitation regimes of the Rioni watershed hydro complex and as a result of performing additional engineering measures in "City Canal"; b) will thoroughly protect the Rioni watershed hydro complex dam tail-water from destruction and washouts. The packets of mathematical programs and analytical methods of calculation

  7. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Northwest): Pacific oyster

    SciTech Connect

    Pauley, G.B.; Van Der Raay, B.; Troutt, D.

    1988-09-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessments. The Pacific oyster is found in the estuarine waters of California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. It is sought both commercially and recreationally. Washington leads all other areas combined with a commercial production of 5.5 million pounds valued at $3.8 million. This is 26% of Washington State's total shellfish production value. These are very prolific animals, releasing up to 70 million eggs per year. Larvae are sensitive to a variety of environmental conditions, primarily temperature and salinity, and to pollutants including sulphite waste liquor. Growth is rapid and most noticeable in the third and fourth years. Along with other shellfish, Pacific oysters may accumulate toxin from /ital Gonyaulax cantenella/ (responsible for paralytic shellfish poisoning), but they lose the toxin more rapidly than other shellfish. Optimum water temperature for adults is 20/degree/C and optimum salinities are above 20 ppt for adults. Ambient temperature is the single most critical item to breeding success in the Pacific Northwest.

  8. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic): Bluefish

    SciTech Connect

    Oliver, J.D.; Van Den Avyle, M.J.; Bozeman, E.L. Jr.

    1989-04-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the life history, distribution, and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates. Profiles are prepared to assist with environmental impact assessment. The bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) is a valuable recreational and commercial fish on the Atlantic coast. In the South Atlantic Region the recreational catch exceeds the commercial catch. The bluefish is a migratory pelagic fish that generally travels northward in spring and summer and southward in fall and winter along the Atlantic seaboard. In the South Atlantic Region, spawning occurs primarily during spring waters just shoreward of the Gulf Stream form southern North Carolina to Florida. Most larvae are carried northward by the Gulf Stream and are dispersed over the continental slope of the Middle Atlantic Region. Adult bluefish inhabit nearshore areas in the South Atlantic Region during their southerly migration in fall and winter. Larval bluefish eat mostly copepods, cladocerans, and invertebrate eggs; juveniles eat larger invertebrates and fishes. Adult bluefish eat fishes and seem to prefer schooling coastal species. Bluefish have been reported to avoid areas of low dissolved oxygen. Water turbidity may affect feeding because bluefish rely on vision to locate prey. Environmental disturbances which affect the dissolved oxygen concentration or turbidity of estuarine and nearshore waters may, therefore, affect bluefish distribution and feeding. 40 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. Guidelines for Developing Spacecraft Structural Requirements: A Thermal and Environmental Perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holladay, Jon; Day, Greg; Gill, Larry

    2004-01-01

    Spacecraft are typically designed with a primary focus on weight in order to meet launch vehicle performance parameters. However, for pressurized and/or man-rated spacecraft, it is also necessary to have an understanding of the vehicle operating environments to properly size the pressure vessel. Proper sizing of the pressure vessel requires an understanding of the space vehicle's life cycle and compares the physical design optimization (weight and launch "cost") to downstream operational complexity and total life cycle cost. This paper will provide an overview of some major environmental design drivers and provide examples for calculating the optimal design pressure versus a selected set of design parameters related to thermal and environmental perspectives. In addition, this paper will provide a generic set of cracking pressures for both positive and negative pressure relief valves that encompasses worst case environmental effects for a variety of launch / landing sites. Finally, several examples are included to highlight pressure relief set points and vehicle weight impacts for a selected set of orbital missions.

  10. 78 FR 14773 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit-Landfill Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... landfill environmental standards. The Department of Commerce continues to develop the web-based U.S... address, contact information, and landfill environmental standards category of interest from the...

  11. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest)

    SciTech Connect

    Siegfried, C.A. )

    1989-12-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessments. Crangonid shrimp once were important in an export fishery but are now the basis of a bait fishery in San Francisco Bay. The shrimp are important components of the estuarine system, serving as an important food of almost all sport and commercial fishes of west coast estuaries. Spawning occurs in waters of >15 ppT salinity. Ovigerous females are found year-round; abundance peaks in spring and summer in embayments and in winter offshore. Eggs hatch directly into planktonic zoea which require 30--40 days to develop into postlarvae. Larvae prefer surface waters, while postlarvae prefer bottom waters. Larvae are exposed to predominantly seaward currents and postlarvae to landward moving bottom currents. Juvenile crangonids are generally found in brackish to nearly fresh water but move to more saline waters as they mature. Crangonids are opportunistic predators of epibenthic and benthic forms. Annual abundance of crangonids in San Francisco Bay has been linked to the volume of freshwater flow to the estuary. Maintaining adequate freshwater flows to the estuary to ensure successful recruitment is vital to maintaining populations of this important component of the estuarine system. 56 refs., 4 figs.

  12. Incorporating land-use requirements and environmental constraints in low-carbon electricity planning for California.

    PubMed

    Wu, Grace C; Torn, Margaret S; Williams, James H

    2015-02-17

    The land-use implications of deep decarbonization of the electricity sector (e.g., 80% below 1990 emissions) have not been well-characterized quantitatively or spatially. We assessed the operational-phase land-use requirements of different low-carbon scenarios for California in 2050 and found that most scenarios have comparable direct land footprints. While the per MWh footprint of renewable energy (RE) generation is initially higher, that of fossil and nuclear generation increases over time with continued fuel use. We built a spatially explicit model to understand the interactions between resource quality and environmental constraints in a high RE scenario (>70% of total generation). We found that there is sufficient land within California to meet the solar and geothermal targets, but areas with the highest quality wind and solar resources also tend to be those with high conservation value. Development of some land with lower conservation value results in lower average capacity factors, but also provides opportunity for colocation of different generation technologies, which could significantly improve land-use efficiency and reduce permitting, leasing, and transmission infrastructure costs. Basing siting decisions on environmentally-constrained long-term RE build-out requirements produces significantly different results, including better conservation outcomes, than implied by the current piecemeal approach to planning.

  13. Incorporating land-use requirements and environmental constraints in low-carbon electricity planning for California.

    PubMed

    Wu, Grace C; Torn, Margaret S; Williams, James H

    2015-02-17

    The land-use implications of deep decarbonization of the electricity sector (e.g., 80% below 1990 emissions) have not been well-characterized quantitatively or spatially. We assessed the operational-phase land-use requirements of different low-carbon scenarios for California in 2050 and found that most scenarios have comparable direct land footprints. While the per MWh footprint of renewable energy (RE) generation is initially higher, that of fossil and nuclear generation increases over time with continued fuel use. We built a spatially explicit model to understand the interactions between resource quality and environmental constraints in a high RE scenario (>70% of total generation). We found that there is sufficient land within California to meet the solar and geothermal targets, but areas with the highest quality wind and solar resources also tend to be those with high conservation value. Development of some land with lower conservation value results in lower average capacity factors, but also provides opportunity for colocation of different generation technologies, which could significantly improve land-use efficiency and reduce permitting, leasing, and transmission infrastructure costs. Basing siting decisions on environmentally-constrained long-term RE build-out requirements produces significantly different results, including better conservation outcomes, than implied by the current piecemeal approach to planning. PMID:25541644

  14. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Mid-Atlantic)

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, S.G.; Van Den Avyle, M.J.

    1989-08-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the life history, distribution and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates. Profiles are prepared to assist with environmental impact assessment. The Atlantic menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus) is an important commercial fish along the Atlantic coast. In the South Atlantic Region, Atlantic menhaden spawn during winter in continental shelf waters. Adults then move inshore and northward in spring; some move into estuaries as far as the brackish-freshwater boundary. Atlantic menhaden larvae in the South Atlantic Region enter estuaries after 1 to 3 months at sea. Young fish move into the shallow regions of estuaries and seem to prefer vegetated marsh habitats. Atlantic menhaden are size-selective plankton feeders as larvae, and filter feeders as juveniles and adults. Due to their large population size, individual growth rates, and seasonal movements, Atlantic menhaden annually consume and redistribute large amounts of energy and materials. They are also important prey for large game fishes such as bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix), striped bass (Morone saxatilis), and bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). The Atlantic menhaden is associated with estuarine and nearshore systems during all phases of its life cycle. Young menhaden require these food-rich habitats to survive and grown. Destruction of estuarine wetlands has decreased nursery habitat available to Atlantic menhaden and other estuarine wetlands has decreased nursery habitat available to Atlantic menhaden and other estuarine-dependent species. 115 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. 78 FR 14774 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit-Universal Waste

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... Toolkit will refer users in foreign markets to U.S. approaches to solving environmental problems and to U... technologies that will outline U.S. approaches to a series of environmental problems and highlight...-482-5665; email: todd.delelle@trade.gov ). Catherine Vial, Team Leader, Environmental and...

  16. 78 FR 14773 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit-Medical Waste

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... Toolkit will refer users in foreign markets to U.S. approaches to solving environmental problems and to U... technologies that will outline U.S. approaches to a series of environmental problems and highlight...-482-5665; email: todd.delelle@trade.gov ). Catherine Vial, Team Leader, Environmental and...

  17. SensorKit: An End-to-End Solution for Environmental Sensor Networking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silva, F.; Graham, E.; Deschon, A.; Lam, Y.; Goldman, J.; Wroclawski, J.; Kaiser, W.; Benzel, T.

    2008-12-01

    Modern day sensor network technology has shown great promise to transform environmental data collection. However, despite the promise, these systems have remained the purview of the engineers and computer scientists who design them rather than a useful tool for the environmental scientists who need them. SensorKit is conceived of as a way to make wireless sensor networks accessible to The People: it is an advanced, powerful tool for sensor data collection that does not require advanced technological know-how. We are aiming to make wireless sensor networks for environmental science as simple as setting up a standard home computer network by providing simple, tested configurations of commercially-available hardware, free and easy-to-use software, and step-by-step tutorials. We designed and built SensorKit using a simplicity-through-sophistication approach, supplying users a powerful sensor to database end-to-end system with a simple and intuitive user interface. Our objective in building SensorKit was to make the prospect of using environmental sensor networks as simple as possible. We built SensorKit from off the shelf hardware components, using the Compact RIO platform from National Instruments for data acquisition due to its modular architecture and flexibility to support a large number of sensor types. In SensorKit, we support various types of analog, digital and networked sensors. Our modular software architecture allows us to abstract sensor details and provide users a common way to acquire data and to command different types of sensors. SensorKit is built on top of the Sensor Processing and Acquisition Network (SPAN), a modular framework for acquiring data in the field, moving it reliably to the scientist institution, and storing it in an easily-accessible database. SPAN allows real-time access to the data in the field by providing various options for long haul communication, such as cellular and satellite links. Our system also features reliable data storage

  18. AWIPS II+: An Open-Source SOA Solution Enabling Environmental Remote Sensing Integration, Analysis, and Decision Support

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ardanuy, P. E.; Hood, C. A.; Moran, S. G.; Ritchie, A. A.; Tarro, A. M.; Nappi, A. J.

    2008-12-01

    Our shared future demands a renewed focus on sound environment stewardship-on the GEOSS socioeconomic imperatives, as well as the interdisciplinary relationships interconnecting our environment, climate, ecosystems, energy, carbon, water-and national security. Data volumes are now measured in the many petabytes. An increasingly urgent and accelerated tempo of changing requirements and responsive solutions demands data exploitation, and transparent, seamless, effortless, bidirectional, and interdisciplinary interoperability across models and observations. There is today a robust working paradigm established with the Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS)-NOAA/NWS's information integration and fusion capability. This process model extends vertically, and seamlessly, from environmental sensing through the direct delivery of societal benefit. NWS, via AWIPS, is the primary source of weather forecast and warning information in the nation. AWIPS is the tested and proven "the nerve center of operations" at all 122 NWS Weather Forecast Offices and 13 River Forecast Centers. Raytheon, in partnership with NOAA, has now evolved AWIPS into an open-source 2nd generation capability to satisfy climate, ecosystems, weather, and water mission goals. Just as AWIPS II supports NOAA decision- making, it is at the same time a platform funded by Raytheon IRAD and Government investment that can be cost-effectively leveraged across all of the GEOSS and IEOS societal benefit areas. The core principles in the AWIPS II evolution to a service-oriented architecture (SOA) were to minimize coupling, increase cohesion, minimize size of code base, maximize simplicity, and incorporate a pull-style data flow. We focused on "ilities" to drive the new AWIPS architecture-our shared architecture framework vision included six elements: - Create a new, low-cost framework for hosting a full range of environmental services, including thick-client visualization via virtual Earth's and GIS

  19. Sample Size Requirements for Structural Equation Models: An Evaluation of Power, Bias, and Solution Propriety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Erika J.; Harrington, Kelly M.; Clark, Shaunna L.; Miller, Mark W.

    2013-01-01

    Determining sample size requirements for structural equation modeling (SEM) is a challenge often faced by investigators, peer reviewers, and grant writers. Recent years have seen a large increase in SEMs in the behavioral science literature, but consideration of sample size requirements for applied SEMs often relies on outdated rules-of-thumb.…

  20. 42 CFR 137.285 - Are Self-Governance Tribes required to accept Federal environmental responsibilities to enter...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Federal environmental responsibilities to enter into a construction project agreement? 137.285 Section 137...-Governance Tribes required to accept Federal environmental responsibilities to enter into a construction project agreement? Yes, under section 509 of the Act , Self-Governance Tribes must assume all...

  1. 42 CFR 137.285 - Are Self-Governance Tribes required to accept Federal environmental responsibilities to enter...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Federal environmental responsibilities to enter into a construction project agreement? 137.285 Section 137...-Governance Tribes required to accept Federal environmental responsibilities to enter into a construction project agreement? Yes, under section 509 of the Act , Self-Governance Tribes must assume all...

  2. Examining the Extent of Environmental Compliance Requirements on Mechatronic Products and Their Implementation through Product Lifecycle Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jovanovic, Vukica

    2010-01-01

    The present mixed-methods study examined the opinions of industry practitioners related to the implementation of environmental compliance requirements into design and manufacturing processes of mechatronic and electromechanical products. It focused on the environmental standards for mechatronic and electromechanical products and how Product…

  3. Digestible Lysine Requirements of Male Broilers From 14 to 28 Days of Age Subjected to Different Environmental Conditions

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Dietary amino acid requirements are influenced by environmental conditions. Two experiments examined growth responses of Ross × Ross TP 16 male broilers fed diets varying in digestible (dig) Lys concentrations from 14 to 28 d of age under different environmental conditions. Experiment 1 was conduc...

  4. In-country and lending institution environmental requirements for thermal power plants in the Philippines and India

    SciTech Connect

    Lehman, A.T.; Khanna, R.

    1996-11-01

    Diverse environmental reviews and approvals are required by both Government and non-government organizations (NGOs) for licensing or permitting of major thermal power plants in Asia; specifically, India and Philippines. The number and type of approvals required for a specific project vary depending on site characteristics, fuel source, project-specific design and operating parameters as well as type of project financing. A model 400 MW coal-fired project located in Asia is presented to illustrate the various lender and host country environmental guidelines. A case study of the environmental reviews and approvals for Ogden Quezon Power, Inc. Project (Quezon Province, Republic of the Philippines) is also included. A list of acronyms is provided at the paper`s end. As independent power project (IPP) developers seek financing for these capital-intensive infrastructure projects, a number of international finance/lending institutions are likely to become involved. Each lender considers different environmental aspects of a project. This paper compares relevant environmental requirements of various lenders which finance IPPs and their interest in a project`s environmental review. Finally, the authors of this paper believe that the environmental review process can bring together many parties involved with IPP development, including local and central governments, non government organizations, various lenders (such as multilateral and export credit agencies) as well as project proponents. Environmental review provides input opportunity for interested and affected parties. Airing environmental issues in open forums such as public hearings or meetings helps ensure projects are not evaluated without public input.

  5. Solution NMR characterization of Sgf73(1-104) indicates that Zn ion is required to stabilize zinc finger motif

    SciTech Connect

    Lai, Chaohua; Wu, Minhao; Li, Pan; Shi, Chaowei; Tian, Changlin; Zang, Jianye

    2010-07-02

    Zinc finger motif contains a zinc ion coordinated by several conserved amino acid residues. Yeast Sgf73 protein was identified as a component of SAGA (Spt/Ada/Gcn5 acetyltransferase) multi-subunit complex and Sgf73 protein was known to contain two zinc finger motifs. Sgf73(1-104), containing the first zinc finger motif, was necessary to modulate the deubiquitinase activity of SAGA complex. Here, Sgf73(1-104) was over-expressed using bacterial expression system and purified for solution NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) structural studies. Secondary structure and site-specific relaxation analysis of Sgf73(1-104) were achieved after solution NMR backbone assignment. Solution NMR and circular dichroism analysis of Sgf73(1-104) after zinc ion removal using chelation reagent EDTA (ethylene-diamine-tetraacetic acid) demonstrated that zinc ion was required to maintain stable conformation of the zinc finger motif.

  6. COROT-high-precision stellar photometry on a low Earth orbit: solutions to minimize environmental perturbations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Auvergne, Michel; Boisnard, Laurent; Buey, Jean-Tristan M.; Epstein, Gerard; Hustaix, Herve; Jouret, Martine; Levacher, Patrick; Berrivin, Stephane; Baglin, Annie

    2003-02-01

    The COROT small satellite project is a space mission dedicated to stellar seismology and search for telluric extra-solar planets. For the two programs a very high photometric precision is needed. The COROT seismology program will measure periodic variations with amplitude of 2.10-6 of the photon flux emitted by bright stars. COROT will also be able to detect the presence of exoplanets when they pass between the satellite and their parent star. Modifying both the integration time and the focus conditions, it allows to detect photons flux variations about 7.10-4 in one hour integration, compatible with an occultation detection on a very large number of stars (magnitude between 12 and 15.5). Between 10 and 40 telluric planets in the "habitable zone" and several hundreds of hot Jupiters should be detected depending on hypotheses about planets existence. To reach the required performances a stringent instrument stability is necessary. The satellite Preliminary Design Review will be held in November 2002 while the instrument is already in development phase for a delivery of the flight model in 2004. The launch is scheduled late 2005, by the first SOYUZ launcher to fly from the Guyana Space Center. The project activities are currently focused on the instrument and system engineering. Straylight rejection, pointing, thermal stability are the main critical points of the mission, on a LEO at 826 kms, for which cost-effective compromises have been found to 1mit their effects. This paper recalls the scientific program s, the main characteristics of the mission, describes the impact of the three main perturbators on the photometric precision and the technical solutions which reduce their contribution at an acceptable level.

  7. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic): Brown shrimp

    SciTech Connect

    Larson, S.C.; Van Den Avyle, M.J.; Bozeman, E.L. Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the life history, distribution, and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates. Profiles are prepared to assist with environmental impact assessment. Brown shrimp (Penaeus aztecus) account for about one-third of the commercial shrimp harvest in the South Atlantic Region; the landing were worth $20 million in 1982. In the South Atlantic Region, commercially importance brown shrimp fishing grounds extend from Fort Pierce, Florida, to Pamlico Sound and Ocracoke Inlet, North Carolina. Most of the commercial harvest is taken inside the 10-fathom contour. Brown shrimp are omnivorous and eat food items ranging from detritus to small invertebrates and fishes. Many predators, including fishes and crustaceans, feed on brown shrimp. Brown shrimp survival is reduced by adverse temperature or salinities. Intertidal vegetation is an important characteristic of brown shrimp nursery areas. The suitability of some estuaries as nursery areas may be reduced by bulkheading, ditching, disposal of dredged materials, and drainage from agricultural and silvicultural areas. Existing estuarine areas must be preserved to ensure the continued production of brown shrimp. 57 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Species profiles - life histories and environmental requirements (Gulf of Mexico): brown shrimp

    SciTech Connect

    Lassuy, D.R.

    1983-02-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries on the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessment. The brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, is the major species in the Gulf of Mexico shrimp fishery, the most valuable ($302 million in 1980) commercial fishery in the United States. It is heavily preyed on by many fishes. Spawning occurs offshore from about September to May and most postlarvae move into estuaries from February through April. Within the estuary they occupy shallow water near marshes with soft substrate. Juveniles emigrate from estuaries to offshore areas from May through August. They grow as fast as 3.3 mm per day in estuaries. Adults concentrate around the 55-m contour offshore. Postlarval and juvenile shrimp are normally taken in water temperatures above 10/sup 0/C and rapid growth occurs above 18/sup 0/C. Few shrimp are collected below 5 ppt salinity. Brown shrimp are benthic feeders and prefer soft substrates. High populations are associated with coastal marshes.

  9. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic): Winter flounder

    SciTech Connect

    Buckley, J.

    1989-01-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and aquatic invertebrates. They are designed to assist with environmental impact assessments. From 1935 to 1980, the annual commercial landings of winter flounder in New England ranged from 6000 to 15000 t; the sport catch exceeded the commercial catch in some years. Winter flounder are found in waters with temperatures of 0 to 25 /degree/C and they usually spawn at 0 to 3 /degree/C. Reported fecundities are 0.5 to 1.5 million eggs per female. Metamorphosis from larva to juvenile is complete in 49-80 days, depending on temperature. Juveniles remain in or near shallow natal waters for much of their first 2 years. Adults of some populations move more than 3 miles offshore to cooler waters in summer. These adults live in shallow inshore waters in winter and early spring. Adult winter flounder feed largely on annelids, cnidariids, and mollusks. 58 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Northwest): Pink salmon

    SciTech Connect

    Bonar, S.A.; Pauley, G.B.; Thomas, G.L.

    1989-01-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessment. The pink salmon, often called humpback salmon or humpy, is easily identified by its extremely small scales (150 to 205) on the lateral line. They are the most abundant of the Pacific salmon species and spawn in North American and Asian streams bordering the Pacific and Arctic Oceans. They have a very simple two-year life cycle, which is so invariable that fish running in odd-numbered years are isolated from fish running in even-numbered years so that no gene flow occurs between them. Adults spawn in the fall and the young fry emerge in the spring. The pink salmon is less desirable in commercial and sport catches than most other salmon because of its small size and its soft pale flesh. The Puget Sound region of Washington State is the southern geographic limit of streams supporting major pink salmon runs in the eastern North Pacific. Pink salmon runs are presently only in odd-numbered years in this region. Optimum water temperatures for spawning range from 7.2 to 12.8/degree/C. Productive pink salmon streams have less than 5.0% by volume of fine sediments (less than or equal to0.8 mm). 87 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic) - Atlantic sturgeon

    SciTech Connect

    Van Den Avyle, M.J.

    1984-07-01

    The Atlantic sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrhynchus oxyrhynchus, is an anadromous species that occupies rivers, estuaries, and nearshore waters along the entire Atlantic coast of the United States. The species once supported significant commercial fisheries throughout its range, but stocks have declined because of overfishing, deterioration of water quality, and damming of rivers. Atlantic sturgeon spawn in rivers and the young remain in freshwater for several years prior to emigration to the ocean. Little is known about spawning areas and associated environmental factors. Females typically do not mature until age X and the age at first spawning ranges from 5 to 13 years for males and 7 to 19 years for females. Longevity may frequently exceed 25 years. Immature and adult sturgeons are bottom feeders and consume a variety of mollusks, crustaceans, worms, and other small bottom-dwelling invertebrates and fishes. Little is know about competitors, predators, or effects of environmental factors on recruitment. The long period required to reach maturity, possibly irregular spawning thereafter, and prolonged reliance on river systems make juvenile and adult Atlantic sturgeon highly susceptible to habitat alterations, pollution, and over exploitation. 49 references, 2 figures, 4 tables.

  12. Species profiles - life histories and environmental requirements (Gulf of Mexico): Atlantic croaker

    SciTech Connect

    Lassuy, D.R.

    1983-02-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries on the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessment. The Atlantic croaker, Micropogonias undulatus, is one of the most abundant Gulf of Mexico species and is caught by commercial and sport fishermen. It is the main species of an industrial groundfish fishery and is estuarine dependent. Spawning occurs from October to March in the nearshore Gulf of Mexico and larvae move into and use shallow estuarine areas, usually near marshes, for nurseries. Postlarvae and juveniles remain in estuaries until fall when they migrate to the Gulf of Mexico. Adults inhabit estuaries, inshore, and offshore waters. Croakers have high mortality rates and few live beyond 5 years. Adults are primarily benthic carnivores. Adults have been collected in a temperature range of 5/sup 0/ to 35.5/sup 0/C and a salinity range of 0.2 to 75 ppt. Early life stages tolerate lower temperatures and salinites better than the adults.

  13. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Northwest): Lingcod

    SciTech Connect

    Shaw, W.N. . Fred Telonicher Marine Lab.); Hassler, T.J. . California Cooperative Fishery Research Unit)

    1989-12-01

    Species Profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessments. Lingcod, especially during the spawning season, could suffer from oil spills. The lingcod, Ophiodon elongatus, spawns during winter in rocky areas where currents are strong. Lingcod spawn over rocky substrates and the eggs are benthic. Fecundity increases with body weight, e.g., one lingcod weighing 4.5 kg had about 60,000 eggs and one weighing 14.5 kg had about 518,000 eggs. Larvae are extremely active: at first, they feed on small copepods and copepod eggs; later they shift to larger invertebrates and fish larvae. Juvenile lingcod feed on crustaceans and small fish whereas adult lingcod apparently are generalist carnivores (feeding principally on fish). Females become larger and live longer than males. Lingcod contribute to large sport and commercial fisheries. Commercial fisherman use trolling gear, handling jigs, set nets, and set lines, and otter trawls. Sport fishermen use spears or hook and line. Mariculture of lingcod is unlikely in the near future, since no one has succeeded on rearing them from egg to market size. 40 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  14. Environmental Cost Analysis System (ECAS) Status and Compliance Requirements for EM Consolidated Business Center Contracts - 13204

    SciTech Connect

    Sanford, P.C.; Moe, M.A.; Hombach, W.G.; Urdangaray, R.

    2013-07-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) has developed a web-accessible database to collect actual cost data from completed EM projects to support cost estimating and analysis. This Environmental Cost Analysis System (ECAS) database was initially deployed in early 2009 containing the cost and parametric data from 77 decommissioning, restoration, and waste management projects completed under the Rocky Flats Closure Project. In subsequent years we have added many more projects to ECAS and now have a total of 280 projects from 8 major DOE sites. This data is now accessible to DOE users through a web-based reporting tool that allows users to tailor report outputs to meet their specific needs. We are using it as a principal resource supporting the EM Consolidated Business Center (EMCBC) and the EM Applied Cost Engineering (ACE) team cost estimating and analysis efforts across the country. The database has received Government Accountability Office review as supporting its recommended improvements in DOE's cost estimating process, as well as review from the DOE Office of Acquisition and Project Management (APM). Moving forward, the EMCBC has developed a Special Contract Requirement clause or 'H-Clause' to be included in all current and future EMCBC procurements identifying the process that contractors will follow to provide DOE their historical project data in a format compatible with ECAS. Changes to DOE O 413.3B implementation are also in progress to capture historical costs as part of the Critical Decision project closeout process. (authors)

  15. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic)

    SciTech Connect

    Buckley, J.

    1989-08-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and aquatic invertebrates. They are designed to assist with environmental impact assessments. The rainbow smelt is an abundant forage fish for commercially and recreationally valuable fishes such as striped bass and bluefish on the East Coast and several species of salmon and trout in the Great Lakes. The rainbow smelt also supports an important sportfishery throughout most of its range. In 1976, the total smelt harvest in the coastal waters of New England was 105,000 lb. Coastal rainbow smelt are anadromous, spawning in freshwater and maturing in saline water. Spawning peaks in spring. Salinities above 12 ppt were fatal to eggs. Reported fecundities are 7,000 to 44,000 eggs per female. Smelt are always found in shallow water (<6 m deep) and within 2 km of the shore. Larval and juvenile smelt along the coast feed on planktonic crustaceans. Larger juveniles and adults feed on euphausiids, amphipods, on planktonic crustaceans. Larger juveniles and adults feed on euphausiids, amphipods, polychaetes, and fish. Smelt move locally to search for optimum water temperatures. 46 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fish and invertebrates (Pacific Northwest): Pacific geoduck clam

    SciTech Connect

    Goodwin, C.L.; Pease, B. . Point Whitney Shellfish Lab.)

    1989-12-01

    This species profile is one of a series on coastal aquatic organisms, principally fish, of sport, commercial, or ecological importance. The profiles are designed to provide coastal managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental requirements of the species and to describe how populations of the species may be expected to react to environmental changes caused by coastal development. Each profile has sections on taxonomy, life history, ecological role, environmental requirements, and economic importance, if applicable. This profile discusses the Pacific geoduck clam. 29 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  17. 14 CFR 1216.305 - Criteria for actions requiring environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... environmental impact statements are: (1) R&D (or SFCDC) activities in space science (e.g., Physics and Astronomy... environmental assessments. 1216.305 Section 1216.305 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY Procedures for Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act...

  18. 14 CFR 1216.305 - Criteria for actions requiring environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... environmental impact statements are: (1) R&D (or SFCDC) activities in space science (e.g., Physics and Astronomy... environmental assessments. 1216.305 Section 1216.305 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY Procedures for Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act...

  19. Water-related environmental control requirements at municipal solid waste-to-energy conversion facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Young, J C; Johnson, L D

    1980-09-01

    Water use and waste water production, water pollution control technology requirements, and water-related limitations to their design and commercialization are identified at municipal solid waste-to-energy conversion systems. In Part I, a summary of conclusions and recommendations provides concise statements of findings relative to water management and waste water treatment of each of four municipal solid waste-to-energy conversion categories investigated. These include: mass burning, with direct production of steam for use as a supplemental energy source; mechanical processing to produce a refuse-derived fuel (RDF) for co-firing in gas, coal or oil-fired power plants; pyrolysis for production of a burnable oil or gas; and biological conversion of organic wastes to methane. Part II contains a brief description of each waste-to-energy facility visited during the subject survey showing points of water use and wastewater production. One or more facilities of each type were selected for sampling of waste waters and follow-up tests to determine requirements for water-related environmental controls. A comprehensive summary of the results are presented. (MCW)

  20. Electronic Nose Testing Procedure for the Definition of Minimum Performance Requirements for Environmental Odor Monitoring

    PubMed Central

    Eusebio, Lidia; Capelli, Laura; Sironi, Selena

    2016-01-01

    Despite initial enthusiasm towards electronic noses and their possible application in different fields, and quite a lot of promising results, several criticalities emerge from most published research studies, and, as a matter of fact, the diffusion of electronic noses in real-life applications is still very limited. In general, a first step towards large-scale-diffusion of an analysis method, is standardization. The aim of this paper is describing the experimental procedure adopted in order to evaluate electronic nose performances, with the final purpose of establishing minimum performance requirements, which is considered to be a first crucial step towards standardization of the specific case of electronic nose application for environmental odor monitoring at receptors. Based on the experimental results of the performance testing of a commercialized electronic nose type with respect to three criteria (i.e., response invariability to variable atmospheric conditions, instrumental detection limit, and odor classification accuracy), it was possible to hypothesize a logic that could be adopted for the definition of minimum performance requirements, according to the idea that these are technologically achievable. PMID:27657086

  1. The Dismal State of Required Developmental Reading Programs: Roots, Causes and Solutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Martha

    The traditional college required remedial reading course has many shortcomings: students are stigmatized by forced placement and resent the course; dropout rates are higher; and high-risk students who take the course take longer to complete degrees and take longer to shed the high-risk label. The skills taught tend to be speed, vocabulary, and…

  2. PEGASUS - A Flexible Launch Solution for Small Satellites with Unique Requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richards, B. R.; Ferguson, M.; Fenn, P. D.

    The financial advantages inherent in building small satellites are negligible if an equally low cost launch service is not available to deliver them to the orbit they require. The weight range of small satellites puts them within the capability of virtually all launch vehicles. Initially, this would appear to help drive down costs through competition since, by one estimate, there are roughly 75 active space launch vehicles around the world that either have an established flight record or are planning to make an inaugural launch within the year. When reliability, budget constraints, and other issues such as inclination access are factored in, this list of available launch vehicles is often times reduced to a very limited few, if any at all. This is especially true for small satellites with unusual or low inclination launch requirements where the cost of launching on the heavy-lift launchers that have the capacity to execute the necessary plane changes or meet the mission requirements can be prohibitive. For any small satellite, reducing launch costs by flying as a secondary or even tertiary payload is only advantageous in the event that a primary payload can be found that either requires or is passing through the same final orbit and has a launch date that is compatible. If the satellite is able to find a ride on a larger vehicle that is only passing through the correct orbit, the budget and technical capability must exist to incorporate a propulsive system on the satellite to modify the orbit to that required for the mission. For these customers a launch vehicle such as Pegasus provides a viable alternative due to its proven flight record, relatively low cost, self- contained launch infrastructure, and mobility. Pegasus supplements the existing world-wide launch capability by providing additional services to a targeted niche of payloads that benefit greatly from Pegasus' mobility and flexibility. Pegasus can provide standard services to satellites that do not

  3. A sodium requirement for growth, solute transport, and pH homeostasis in Bacillus firmus RAB.

    PubMed

    Krulwich, T A; Guffanti, A A; Bornstein, R F; Hoffstein, J

    1982-02-25

    Activity of a Na+/H+ antiporter has been suggested to be critically involved in pH homeostasis in obligately alkalophilic bacteria (Krulwich, K. A., Mandel, K. G., Bornstein, R. F., and Guffanti, A. A. (1979) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 91, 58-62) and in Escherichia coli (Zilberstein, D., Padan, E., and Schuldiner, S. (1980) FEBS Lett. 116, 177-180). A concern with respect to these proposals has been the failure of either Bacillus alcalophilus or E. coli to exhibit a requirement for added Na+ for growth. Thus, it became of interest to examine Na+-coupled porter functions in obligately alkalophilic Bacillus firmus RAB, a species that exhibits an absolute requirement for added Na+ for growth at pH 10.5. In a comparative study using membrane vesicles from B. alcalophilus and B. firmus RAB it was found that both the Na+/H+ antiporter and the Na+/alpha-aminoisobutyric acid symporter from the "Na+-requiring" species had much lower apparent affinities for Na+ than corresponding porters from B. alcalophilus. At high concentrations of Na+, the porters from the two species were functionally similar. These findings support the argument that the absence of a growth requirement for added Na+ may reflect an ability of at least some bacteria to effectively utilize and recycle the available levels of Na+ that contaminate all media, rather than reflect true Na+ independence. Studies with a nonalkalophilic derivative of B. firmus RAB confirmed earlier findings with B. alcalophilus of a pleiotropic loss of Na+ coupling to porters in nonalkalophilic mutants. PMID:7056750

  4. Physical environment. [environmental impact statement required for general aviation airport construction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    Environmental legislation affecting airports and the more common environmental effects resulting from airport construction are discussed with special emphasis on general aviation airports. The discussion is focused on the regulation of noise, pollution, and water quality.

  5. Meeting Environmental Workforce Needs. Determining Education and Training Requirements. Proceedings of the National Conference on Meeting Environmental Workforce Needs (Washington, D.C., February 1981).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Information Dynamics, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

    Will the nation have the trained workforce required to deal with environmental problems in the 1980s and beyond? With the growing public concern about hazardous wastes, impure drinking water, polluted air, use and care of natural resources, and new legislation and funding targeted at these concerns, the need for examining workforce requirements…

  6. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... responsibilities, HUD will perform the environmental review in accordance with 24 CFR part 50. The timing of HUD.... (c) Where an environmental assessment (EA) is appropriate under 24 CFR part 50, instead of an Indian... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA...

  7. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... responsibilities, HUD will perform the environmental review in accordance with 24 CFR part 50. The timing of HUD.... (c) Where an environmental assessment (EA) is appropriate under 24 CFR part 50, instead of an Indian... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA...

  8. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... responsibilities, HUD will perform the environmental review in accordance with 24 CFR part 50. The timing of HUD.... (c) Where an environmental assessment (EA) is appropriate under 24 CFR part 50, instead of an Indian... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA...

  9. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... responsibilities, HUD will perform the environmental review in accordance with 24 CFR part 50. The timing of HUD.... (c) Where an environmental assessment (EA) is appropriate under 24 CFR part 50, instead of an Indian... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA...

  10. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... responsibilities, HUD will perform the environmental review in accordance with 24 CFR part 50. The timing of HUD.... (c) Where an environmental assessment (EA) is appropriate under 24 CFR part 50, instead of an Indian... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA...

  11. 38 CFR Appendix C to Part 200 - Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement C Appendix C to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Pt. 200, App. C Appendix C to Part 200... of EIS, as indicates may have significant environmental effects: C.1Acquisition of space by...

  12. 43 CFR 46.415 - Environmental impact statement content, alternatives, circulation and filing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... the statement is in accordance with 40 CFR 1502.10. (a) Contents. The environmental impact statement... supplemental statements,” and 40 CFR 1502.19 “Circulation of the environmental impact statement” shall only... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Environmental impact statement......

  13. 43 CFR 46.415 - Environmental impact statement content, alternatives, circulation and filing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... the statement is in accordance with 40 CFR 1502.10. (a) Contents. The environmental impact statement... supplemental statements,” and 40 CFR 1502.19 “Circulation of the environmental impact statement” shall only... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Environmental impact statement......

  14. 43 CFR 46.415 - Environmental impact statement content, alternatives, circulation and filing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the statement is in accordance with 40 CFR 1502.10. (a) Contents. The environmental impact statement... supplemental statements,” and 40 CFR 1502.19 “Circulation of the environmental impact statement” shall only... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Environmental impact statement......

  15. 43 CFR 46.415 - Environmental impact statement content, alternatives, circulation and filing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... the statement is in accordance with 40 CFR 1502.10. (a) Contents. The environmental impact statement... supplemental statements,” and 40 CFR 1502.19 “Circulation of the environmental impact statement” shall only... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Environmental impact statement......

  16. 43 CFR 46.415 - Environmental impact statement content, alternatives, circulation and filing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... the statement is in accordance with 40 CFR 1502.10. (a) Contents. The environmental impact statement... supplemental statements,” and 40 CFR 1502.19 “Circulation of the environmental impact statement” shall only... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Environmental impact statement......

  17. 28 CFR 91.57 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental impact statement. 91.57 Section 91.57 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS... of an environmental impact statement. Significant impact. For the proposed construction of a...

  18. 28 CFR 91.56 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental assessment. 91.56 Section 91.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant... environmental assessment. (a) Renovation or expansion of existing correctional facility. Renovation or...

  19. 28 CFR 91.57 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental impact statement. 91.57 Section 91.57 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS... of an environmental impact statement. Significant impact. For the proposed construction of a...

  20. 28 CFR 91.56 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental assessment. 91.56 Section 91.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant... environmental assessment. (a) Renovation or expansion of existing correctional facility. Renovation or...

  1. 28 CFR 91.56 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental assessment. 91.56 Section 91.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant... environmental assessment. (a) Renovation or expansion of existing correctional facility. Renovation or...

  2. 28 CFR 91.56 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental assessment. 91.56 Section 91.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS Grant... environmental assessment. (a) Renovation or expansion of existing correctional facility. Renovation or...

  3. 28 CFR 91.57 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental impact statement. 91.57 Section 91.57 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS... of an environmental impact statement. Significant impact. For the proposed construction of a...

  4. 28 CFR 91.57 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... preparation of an environmental impact statement. 91.57 Section 91.57 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Environmental Impact Review Procedures for VOI/TIS... of an environmental impact statement. Significant impact. For the proposed construction of a...

  5. Estimation of environmental flow requirements for the river ecosystem in the Haihe River Basin, China.

    PubMed

    Yang, Tao; Liu, Jingling; Chen, Qiuying; Zhang, Jing; Yang, Yi

    2013-01-01

    The temporal and spatial environmental flow requirements (EFRs) for the river ecosystem of the Haihe River Basin were analyzed based mainly on the eco-functional regionalization of available water resources. The annual EFRs for the river ecosystem of the Haihe River Basin were 47.71 × 10(8) m(3), which accounted for 18% of the average annual flow (263.9 × 10(8) m(3)). The EFRs for river reaches, wetlands, and estuaries were 22.67, 15.32 and 9.72 × 10(8) m(3), respectively. Moreover, the EFRs for the river ecosystem during the wet (June to October), normal (April, May, November), and dry (December to March) periods were 29.99, 9.51 and 8.21 × 10(8) m(3), respectively. Thus, toward a more integrated water resource allocation in the Haihe River Basin, the primary effort should focus on meeting the EFRs for river systems located in protected areas during the dry period.

  6. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic). American eel

    SciTech Connect

    Van Den Avyle, M.J.

    1984-07-01

    The American eel, Anguilla rostrata, is an ecologically and economically important catadromous species that occupies freshwater streams, rivers, brackish estuaries, and the open ocean during various phases of its life cycle. Adult eels apparently spawn in the Sargasso Sea, and ocean currents transport the developing larvae northward until the young metamorphose into juveniles capable of swimming shoreward and moving upstream into coastal areas, estuaries, and rivers. Developing eels commonly remain in freshwater or brackish area for 10 to 12 years before migrating to spawn. American eels tend to be bottom-dwellers and feed on a variety of fauna that occupy the same habitats. Eels occupy areas having wide ranges of temperature, salinity, and other environmental factors, suggesting broad tolerance limits, but few studies of requirements have been reported. Salinity patterns and water currents created by river discharges into coastal areas apparently provide the gradient that cues shoreward migration of juvenile eels. Alteration of patterns of freshwater inflows to estuaries and bays could affect upstream migrations. 73 references, 3 figures, 1 table.

  7. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic). Atlantic Menhaden

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, S.G.; Van Den Avyle, M.J.

    1983-10-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, range, life history, environmental requirements, and significance of coastal aquatic species. The Atlantic menhaden, Brevoortia tyrannus, contributes 25% to 40% of the landings of the largest commercial fishery (by weight) in the United States. Landings for 1979 to 1981 averaged about 400,000 mt (440,920 t) and $38 million annually. All ages are important prey for many fishes and birds; the species is a seasonally important and migratory component of estuarine and shelf fish assemblages. In the South Atlantic, major spawning occurs from December through February near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, in shelf waters that are 100 to 200 m (328 to 655 ft) deep. Larval Atlantic menhaden feed on zooplankton and move shoreward to estuaries after 1 to 3 months at sea. With growth, the juveniles gradually change to a less-selective, filter-feeding mode and generally migrate from estuaries to open shelf areas during late fall. Fish that exit estuaries everywhere along the Atlantic seaboard eventually disperse throughout the species' range. Atlantic menhaden occur in a broad range of temperatures and salinities. Larvae move toward low-salinity areas upon entering estuaries, and prejuveniles are dependent on low-salinity marsh habitats and river shoals for nurseries. 88 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

  8. Integrating NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act) and CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act) requirements during remedial responses at DOE facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, M.B.; Smith, E.D.; Sharples, F.E.; Eddlemon, G.K.

    1990-07-01

    US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.4, issued October 6, 1989, calls for integrating the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) with those of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) for DOE remedial actions under CERCLA. CERCLA requires that decisions on site remediation be made through a formal process called a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS). According to the DOE order, integration is to be accomplished by conducting the NEPA and CERCLA environmental planning and review procedures concurrently. The primary instrument for integrating the processes is to be the RI/FS process, which will be supplemented as needed to meet the procedural and documentational requirements of NEPA. The final product of the integrated process will be a single, integrated set of documents; namely, an RI report and an FS-EIS that satisfy the requirements of both NEPA and CERCLA. The contents of the report include (1) an overview and comparison of the requirements of the two processes; (2) descriptions of the major tasks included in the integrated RI/FS-EIS process; (3) recommended contents for integrated RI/FS-EIS documents; and (4)a discussion of some potential problems in integrating NEPA and CERCLA that fall outisde the scope of the RI/FS-EIS process, with suggestions for resolving some of these problems. 15 refs.

  9. My School Makes Me Sick: Cheap Solutions to Environmental Problems in Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Robert

    This paper presents 19 solutions to problems within the school environment: (1) ventilation (e.g., keep the thermostat fan on whenever the room is occupied); (2) filters (e.g., get rid of 20 percent cheap filters); (3) clean the ductwork; (4) avoid car and bus fumes by keeping vehicles 50 feet from the building; (5) sewer vents (vents must…

  10. Extraction of Pentachlorophenol from Soils using Environmentally Benign Lactic Acid Solutions

    EPA Science Inventory

    Soil contamination with pentachlorophenol (PCP) is widespread across the globe. Soil washing/extraction is a common technique to remove this compound. Several soil washing/extraction solutions have been used but a majority of them have the problem of persistence in the environmen...

  11. EXTRACTION OF PENTACHLOROPHENOL (PCP) FROM SOILS USING ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN ACID SOLUTIONS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The presence of organic contaminants like PCP in soil is a major environmental concern. Various remediation methods have been used of which soil washing is a common procedure. Many different solvents like surfactants, ionic liquids and cyclodextrins have been studied. the pres...

  12. Solutions to Environmental-Educational Problems through the Integration of Competences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soós, Lenke; Kovacs, Margit

    2008-01-01

    The importance and significance of the environmental education, as one of today's accentuated assignments, is unquestionable. The reasons for these are approached from different perspectives, both by specialists and by educators/pedagogues, but also by the entire society. In this article --selecting from various possibilities--we shall…

  13. The Problem of Biased Data and Potential Solutions for Environmental Assessments

    EPA Science Inventory

    The utility and credibility of environmental assessments depend on the use of unbiased data. However, it is increasingly clear that, despite peer review, much of the scientific literature is biased. Sources of bias include fraud, publication bias, research designs, funding bias...

  14. Integrating ICTs into the Environmental Science Primary School Classroom in Chegutu District, Zimbabwe: Problems and Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shadreck, Mandina

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated primary school teachers' perceptions of the barriers and challenges preventing them from integrating ICTs in the environmental science classroom. The study adopted a qualitative research approach that is in line with the phenomenological perspective as it sought to acquire knowledge through understanding the direct…

  15. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic). American lobster. [Homarus americanus

    SciTech Connect

    MacKenzie, C.; Moring, J.R.

    1985-04-01

    This species profile is a literature summary of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of the American lobster (Homarus americanus). These species profiles are designed to assist in the preparation of environmental impact assessments. The American lobster is a valuable commercial shellfish. After spawning, lobsters undergo a series of molts; as adults they live in coastal and offshore waters. Lobsters are captured in baited traps and incidentally in trawls. About 5 to 6 million pounds were captured commercially in 1983, a downward trend from 1971. Major environmental factors affecting reproduction, growth, and survival are water temperature, oxygen concentration, salinity, and substrate. 82 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  16. Requirements in screening cDNA libraries for new genes and solutions offered by SBH technology

    SciTech Connect

    Drmanac, R.; Drmanac, S.; Labat, I.; Stavropoulos, N.

    1993-12-31

    Under different assumptions about the total number of genes, the number of housekeeping and tissue-specific genes, and the difference in the number of mRNAs per cell for functional and nonfunctional genes, significantly different results can be expected from screening random cDNA clones. We have developed gene expression models as a guide for interpretation of experimental results. For statistical, biological, and technical reasons, the search for 100,000 plus genes and discrimination between nonfunctional, housekeeping, and tissue-specific genes requires the analysis of up to 10 million clones from 20 to 50 tissues. Oligonucleotide hybridization of dense clone blots is an inexpensive and fast way to screen such large clone sets. Our preliminary results on control clones and thousands of cDNA clones from an infant brain library demonstrate the feasibility of the method. We present several models of gene expression and analyze the main factors which can influence the hunt for new genes via the screening of random cDNA libraries. The basic steps in the preparation and use of dense DNA dot arrays are described, and some results that demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of gene inventorying by oligonucleotide hybridization are presented. Furthermore, partial SBH and single-pass gel sequencing are compared and a gene analysis scheme that combines the two approaches is discussed.

  17. Environmental stability of solution processed Al-doped ZnO naoparticulate thin films using surface modification technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vunnam, Swathi; Ankireddy, Krishnamraju; Kellar, Jon; Cross, William

    2014-12-01

    The environmental stability of solution processed Al-doped ZnO (AZO) thin films was enhanced by functionalizing the film surface with a thin self-assembled molecular layer. Functionalization of AZO films was performed using two types of molecules having identical 12-carbon alkyl chain termination but different functional groups: dodecanethiol (DDT) and dodecanoic acid (DDA). Surface modified AZO films were examined using electrical resistivity measurements, contact angle measurements and quantitative nanomechanical property mapping atomic force microscopy. The hydrophobic layer inhibits the penetration of oxygen and water into the AZO's grain boundaries thus significantly increasing the environmental stability over unmodified AZO. Surface modified AZO films using DDT exhibited lower electrical resistivity compared to DDA functionalized AZO films. Our study demonstrates a new approach for improving the physical properties of oxide based nanoparticulate films for device applications.

  18. Adsorption and chemical precipitation of lead and zinc from contaminated solutions in porous rocks: Possible application in environmental protection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Németh, Gabriella; Mlinárik, Lilla; Török, Ákos

    2016-10-01

    Natural porous rocks, like limestone and rhyolite tuff are able to reduce heavy metal pollution by adsorbing or precipitating them from heavy metal containing solutions due to the favourable physical and chemical properties of these rocks. In our experiment, two porous rocks, a porous limestone and rhyolite tuff were used. Petrophysical parameters namely apparent density, real density, capillary water absorption, ultrasonic pulse velocity, total porosity and open porosity of the two porous rocks were determined in water-saturated and dried conditions. Powdered rock samples and cylindrical specimens were placed in lead-nitrate and zinc-sulphate solutions (initial concentration: 1000 ppm) and the amount of lead (II) and zinc (II) ions were identified by titration (chelatometry) of the residual solution. According to the experiments, powdered rocks and rock specimens of limestone and rhyolite tuff reduced the lead (II) and zinc (II) ion concentrations in aqueous solution. The results were cross-checked by ICP-MS. Heavy metal removal capacity was relatively high, 92-99% in each case. The treated powdered rocks and rock specimens were also studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM-EDS) and new heavy metal precipitates were identified. According to the tests result, it could be confirmed that these types of lithologies are capable of removing heavy metals and can be used in environmental protection technologies in a form of permeable reactive barrier.

  19. Fragment-based configuration interaction wave function to calculate environmental effect on excited states in proteins and solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hasegawa, Jun-ya

    2013-05-01

    Solvatochromic effect in proteins and solutions was described by a configuration interaction singles (CIS) wave function with fragment-localized molecular orbitals. Coarse-grained analysis indicated that the CI wave function can be described by local excitations and charge-transfer (CT) excitations between the chromophore and the environment. We developed an atomic-orbital direct runcated CIS code and applied the excited states of retinal chromophore in bacteriorhodopsin and MeOH environments, and those of s-trans-acrolein in water. Number of excitation operators was significantly reduced by eliminating the CT excitations between the environmental fragments. The truncated CIS wave functions reproduced the original excitation energies very well.

  20. 75 FR 9455 - U.S. Biomedical Corp., (f/k/a United Textiles & Toys, Inc.), U.S. Environmental Solutions, Inc...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-02

    .../k/a EnviroResolutions, Inc.), USA Bridge Construction of N.Y., Inc., USA Broadband, Inc., USA... securities of U.S. Environmental Solutions, Inc. (n/k/a EnviroResolutions, Inc.) because it has not filed...