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Sample records for environmental solutions require

  1. Environmental Requirements Management

    SciTech Connect

    Cusack, Laura J.; Bramson, Jeffrey E.; Archuleta, Jose A.; Frey, Jeffrey A.

    2015-01-08

    CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CH2M HILL) is the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) prime contractor responsible for the environmental cleanup of the Hanford Site Central Plateau. As part of this responsibility, the CH2M HILL is faced with the task of complying with thousands of environmental requirements which originate from over 200 federal, state, and local laws and regulations, DOE Orders, waste management and effluent discharge permits, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) response and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) corrective action documents, and official regulatory agency correspondence. The challenge is to manage this vast number of requirements to ensure they are appropriately and effectively integrated into CH2M HILL operations. Ensuring compliance with a large number of environmental requirements relies on an organization’s ability to identify, evaluate, communicate, and verify those requirements. To ensure that compliance is maintained, all changes need to be tracked. The CH2M HILL identified that the existing system used to manage environmental requirements was difficult to maintain and that improvements should be made to increase functionality. CH2M HILL established an environmental requirements management procedure and tools to assure that all environmental requirements are effectively and efficiently managed. Having a complete and accurate set of environmental requirements applicable to CH2M HILL operations will promote a more efficient approach to: • Communicating requirements • Planning work • Maintaining work controls • Maintaining compliance

  2. A Solution Framework for Environmental Characterization Problems

    EPA Science Inventory

    This paper describes experiences developing a grid-enabled framework for solving environmental inverse problems. The solution approach taken here couples environmental simulation models with global search methods and requires readily available computational resources of the grid ...

  3. A Solution Framework for Environmental Characterization Problems

    EPA Science Inventory

    This paper describes experiences developing a grid-enabled framework for solving environmental inverse problems. The solution approach taken here couples environmental simulation models with global search methods and requires readily available computational resources of the grid ...

  4. Federal Environmental Reporting Requirements Handbook

    SciTech Connect

    1990-05-01

    The Environmental Reporting Requirements Handbook has been developed by DOE Headquarters' Environmental Guidance Division (EH-231) in order to assist DOE Field Organizations in the identification of the various reporting the notification requirements mandated by Federal environmental laws, regulations, and Executive Orders. The Handbook makes a distinction between ''routine'' and ''non-routine'' reporting/notification requirements. Routine reporting requirements include the submission of documents that are required either on a regular basis, such as annual or biennial reports, or periodic notifications that result from what would be considered ''normal'' operations, such as Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) updates that are required when new information not contained on previous MSDS submissions is discovered. Non-routine reporting requirements are generally associated with occurrences that represent significant deviations from regulated or planned performance; examples include the unintentional discharge of oil or hazardous substances.

  5. Tilapia: environmental and nutritional requirements

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Tilapia are an important species to global aquaculture production. Their adaptability to a wide range of environmental and nutritional conditions and their ability to grow and reproduce make them a prime species for aquaculture. Nonetheless, to achieve maximum performance in culture, tilapia requir...

  6. 7 CFR 3560.59 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.59 Section 3560.59... Environmental requirements. Under the National Environmental Policy Act, the Agency is required to assess the potential impact of the proposed action on protected environmental resources. Measures to avoid or at least...

  7. 7 CFR 3560.59 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.59 Section 3560.59... Environmental requirements. Under the National Environmental Policy Act, the Agency is required to assess the potential impact of the proposed action on protected environmental resources. Measures to avoid or at least...

  8. 7 CFR 3560.59 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.59 Section 3560.59... Environmental requirements. Under the National Environmental Policy Act, the Agency is required to assess the potential impact of the proposed action on protected environmental resources. Measures to avoid or at least...

  9. 7 CFR 3565.255 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3565.255 Section 3565.255... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Property Requirements § 3565.255 Environmental requirements. Under the National Environmental Policy Act, the Agency is required to assess the potential...

  10. 7 CFR 3565.255 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3565.255 Section 3565.255... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Property Requirements § 3565.255 Environmental requirements. Under the National Environmental Policy Act, the Agency is required to assess the potential...

  11. 7 CFR 3565.255 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3565.255 Section 3565.255... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Property Requirements § 3565.255 Environmental requirements. Under the National Environmental Policy Act, the Agency is required to assess the...

  12. 7 CFR 3560.3 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.3 Section 3560.3... Environmental requirements. RHS will consider environmental impacts of proposed housing as equal with economic... a manner that protects, enhances, and restores environmental quality. Loan and grant processing and...

  13. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 611.106 Section 611.106 Energy... PROGRAM Direct Loan Program § 611.106 Environmental requirements. (a)(1) In general. Environmental review..., regulations, and Executive Orders. (2) The applicant must submit a comprehensive environmental report. The...

  14. 7 CFR 3560.3 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.3 Section 3560.3... Environmental requirements. RHS will consider environmental impacts of proposed housing as equal with economic... a manner that protects, enhances, and restores environmental quality. Loan and grant processing and...

  15. 7 CFR 3560.3 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3560.3 Section 3560.3... Environmental requirements. RHS will consider environmental impacts of proposed housing as equal with economic... a manner that protects, enhances, and restores environmental quality. Loan and grant processing and...

  16. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 611.106 Section 611.106 Energy... PROGRAM Direct Loan Program § 611.106 Environmental requirements. (a)(1) In general. Environmental review..., regulations, and Executive Orders. (2) The applicant must submit a comprehensive environmental report. The...

  17. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 611.106 Section 611.106 Energy... PROGRAM Direct Loan Program § 611.106 Environmental requirements. (a)(1) In general. Environmental review..., regulations, and Executive Orders. (2) The applicant must submit a comprehensive environmental report. The...

  18. 7 CFR 1782.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1782.9 Section 1782.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.9 Environmental requirements. Servicing... 1794 as required in § 1794.3. The appropriate environmental review will be completed prior to approval...

  19. 7 CFR 1944.672 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1944.672 Section 1944.672...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.672 Environmental requirements. Subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter will be followed regarding environmental requirements....

  20. 7 CFR 1782.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1782.9 Section 1782.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.9 Environmental requirements. Servicing... 1794 as required in § 1794.3. The appropriate environmental review will be completed prior to approval...

  1. 7 CFR 1944.672 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1944.672 Section 1944.672...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.672 Environmental requirements. Subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter will be followed regarding environmental requirements. The...

  2. 7 CFR 771.6 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 771.6 Section 771.6... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS BOLL WEEVIL ERADICATION LOAN PROGRAM § 771.6 Environmental requirements. No loan will be made until all Federal and state statutory and regulatory environmental requirements have been...

  3. 7 CFR 1944.672 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1944.672 Section 1944.672...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.672 Environmental requirements. Subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter will be followed regarding environmental requirements. The...

  4. 7 CFR 1944.672 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1944.672 Section 1944.672...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.672 Environmental requirements. Subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter will be followed regarding environmental requirements. The...

  5. 7 CFR 3575.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3575.9 Section 3575.9... AGRICULTURE GENERAL Community Programs Guaranteed Loans § 3575.9 Environmental requirements. Requirements for an environmental review or mitigation actions are contained in part 1940, subpart G, of this title...

  6. 7 CFR 3575.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3575.9 Section 3575.9... AGRICULTURE GENERAL Community Programs Guaranteed Loans § 3575.9 Environmental requirements. Requirements for an environmental review or mitigation actions are contained in part 1940, subpart G, of this title...

  7. 7 CFR 1782.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1782.9 Section 1782.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.9 Environmental requirements. Servicing... 1794 as required in § 1794.3. The appropriate environmental review will be completed prior to approval...

  8. 7 CFR 771.6 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 771.6 Section 771.6... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS BOLL WEEVIL ERADICATION LOAN PROGRAM § 771.6 Environmental requirements. No loan will be made until all Federal and state statutory and regulatory environmental requirements have been...

  9. 7 CFR 1782.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1782.9 Section 1782.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.9 Environmental requirements. Servicing... 1794 as required in § 1794.3. The appropriate environmental review will be completed prior to approval...

  10. 7 CFR 771.6 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 771.6 Section 771.6... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS BOLL WEEVIL ERADICATION LOAN PROGRAM § 771.6 Environmental requirements. No loan will be made until all Federal and state statutory and regulatory environmental requirements have been...

  11. 7 CFR 4284.907 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 4284.907 Section 4284.907... § 4284.907 Environmental requirements. All grants awarded under this subpart are subject to the environmental requirements in subpart G of 7 CFR part 1940 or successor regulations. Applications for planning...

  12. 7 CFR 771.6 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 771.6 Section 771.6... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS BOLL WEEVIL ERADICATION LOAN PROGRAM § 771.6 Environmental requirements. No loan will be made until all Federal and state statutory and regulatory environmental requirements have been...

  13. 7 CFR 1782.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1782.9 Section 1782.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.9 Environmental requirements. Servicing... 1794 as required in § 1794.3. The appropriate environmental review will be completed prior to approval...

  14. 7 CFR 1779.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1779.9 Section 1779.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL PROGRAMS GUARANTEED LOANS § 1779.9 Environmental requirements. Facilities financed must undergo an environmental impact analysis in accordance with the National...

  15. 7 CFR 1951.210 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1951.210 Section 1951.210... Programs Loans and Grants § 1951.210 Environmental requirements. Servicing activities such as transfers... for compliance with subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter. The appropriate environmental review will...

  16. 24 CFR 906.47 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 906.47... DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Submission and Approval § 906.47 Environmental requirements. (a) General. HUD environmental regulations at 24 CFR part 58 apply to this part, unless, under...

  17. 7 CFR 1980.316 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.316 Section 1980.316...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Rural Housing Loans § 1980.316 Environmental requirements. The... completing environmental assessments when necessary. The RHS approval official will utilize adequate...

  18. 24 CFR 1007.40 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 1007.40... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.40 Environmental requirements... any loan, there must be compliance with environmental review procedures to the extent applicable under...

  19. 24 CFR 906.47 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 906.47... DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Submission and Approval § 906.47 Environmental requirements. (a) General. HUD environmental regulations at 24 CFR part 58 apply to this part, unless, under...

  20. 24 CFR 1007.40 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 1007.40... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.40 Environmental requirements... any loan, there must be compliance with environmental review procedures to the extent applicable under...

  1. 24 CFR 1007.40 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 1007.40... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.40 Environmental requirements... any loan, there must be compliance with environmental review procedures to the extent applicable under...

  2. 7 CFR 1951.210 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1951.210 Section 1951.210... Programs Loans and Grants § 1951.210 Environmental requirements. Servicing activities such as transfers... for compliance with subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter. The appropriate environmental review will...

  3. 7 CFR 1980.316 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.316 Section 1980.316...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Rural Housing Loans § 1980.316 Environmental requirements. The... completing environmental assessments when necessary. The RHS approval official will utilize adequate...

  4. 7 CFR 1779.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1779.9 Section 1779.9... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL PROGRAMS GUARANTEED LOANS § 1779.9 Environmental requirements. Facilities financed must undergo an environmental impact analysis in accordance with the National...

  5. 7 CFR 1980.316 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.316 Section 1980.316...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Rural Housing Loans § 1980.316 Environmental requirements. The... completing environmental assessments when necessary. The RHS approval official will utilize adequate...

  6. 24 CFR 906.47 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 906.47... DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Submission and Approval § 906.47 Environmental requirements. (a) General. HUD environmental regulations at 24 CFR part 58 apply to this part, unless, under...

  7. 7 CFR 774.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 774.9 Section 774.9... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS EMERGENCY LOAN FOR SEED PRODUCERS PROGRAM § 774.9 Environmental requirements. The loan actions in this part were reviewed for the purpose of compliance with the National Environmental...

  8. 24 CFR 906.47 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 906.47... DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Submission and Approval § 906.47 Environmental requirements. (a) General. HUD environmental regulations at 24 CFR part 58 apply to this part, unless, under...

  9. 7 CFR 1951.210 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1951.210 Section 1951.210... Programs Loans and Grants § 1951.210 Environmental requirements. Servicing activities such as transfers... for compliance with subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter. The appropriate environmental review will...

  10. 7 CFR 1980.316 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1980.316 Section 1980.316...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Rural Housing Loans § 1980.316 Environmental requirements. The... completing environmental assessments when necessary. The RHS approval official will utilize adequate...

  11. 24 CFR 1007.40 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Environmental requirements. 1007.40... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.40 Environmental requirements... any loan, there must be compliance with environmental review procedures to the extent applicable under...

  12. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 500... EMERGENCY OIL AND GAS GUARANTEED LOAN PROGRAM Oil and Gas Guaranteed Loans § 500.206 Environmental requirements. (a)(1) In General. Environmental assessments of the Board's actions will be conducted in...

  13. 7 CFR 3550.5 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3550.5 Section 3550.5... AGRICULTURE DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.5 Environmental requirements. (a) Policy. RHS will consider environmental quality as equal with economic, social, and other relevant...

  14. 7 CFR 1980.316 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.316 Section 1980.316...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Rural Housing Loans § 1980.316 Environmental requirements. The... completing environmental assessments when necessary. The RHS approval official will utilize adequate...

  15. 7 CFR 3550.5 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3550.5 Section 3550.5... AGRICULTURE DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.5 Environmental requirements. (a) Policy. RHS will consider environmental quality as equal with economic, social, and other relevant...

  16. 7 CFR 1951.210 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1951.210 Section 1951.210... Programs Loans and Grants § 1951.210 Environmental requirements. Servicing activities such as transfers... for compliance with subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter. The appropriate environmental review will...

  17. 7 CFR 1951.210 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1951.210 Section 1951.210... Programs Loans and Grants § 1951.210 Environmental requirements. Servicing activities such as transfers... for compliance with subpart G of part 1940 of this chapter. The appropriate environmental review will...

  18. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 500... EMERGENCY OIL AND GAS GUARANTEED LOAN PROGRAM Oil and Gas Guaranteed Loans § 500.206 Environmental requirements. (a)(1) In General. Environmental assessments of the Board's actions will be conducted in...

  19. 7 CFR 3550.5 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3550.5 Section 3550.5... AGRICULTURE DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.5 Environmental requirements. (a) Policy. RHS will consider environmental quality as equal with economic, social, and other relevant...

  20. 7 CFR 3555.5 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... to cooperate in the resolution of environmental problems. (4) Lenders will become familiar with... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 3555.5 Section 3555.5... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL HOUSING PROGRAM (Eff. 9-1-14) General § 3555.5 Environmental requirements. (a...

  1. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Business and Industrial Loan Program § 1980.432 Environmental... Environmental Information,” submitted by the borrower and the environmental impact assessment prepared by the...

  2. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Business and Industrial Loan Program § 1980.432 Environmental... Environmental Information,” submitted by the borrower and the environmental impact assessment prepared by the...

  3. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Business and Industrial Loan Program § 1980.432 Environmental... Environmental Information,” submitted by the borrower and the environmental impact assessment prepared by the...

  4. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Business and Industrial Loan Program § 1980.432 Environmental... Environmental Information,” submitted by the borrower and the environmental impact assessment prepared by the...

  5. 7 CFR 1779.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL PROGRAMS GUARANTEED LOANS § 1779.9 Environmental requirements... project. Facility design will incorporate and integrate, where practicable, mitigation measures that avoid...

  6. 7 CFR 1980.432 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1980.432 Section 1980.432...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Business and Industrial Loan Program § 1980.432 Environmental... successor agency under Public Law 103-354 1940-20, “Request for Environmental Information,” submitted by the...

  7. 7 CFR 1774.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1774.7 Section 1774.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...) General Provisions § 1774.7 Environmental requirements. The policies and regulations contained in 7 CFR...

  8. 7 CFR 1774.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1774.7 Section 1774.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...) General Provisions § 1774.7 Environmental requirements. The policies and regulations contained in 7 CFR...

  9. 7 CFR 1775.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1775.7 Section 1775.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS General Provisions § 1775.7 Environmental requirements...

  10. 7 CFR 772.4 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 772.4 Section 772.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS SERVICING MINOR PROGRAM LOANS § 772.4 Environmental requirements. Servicing...

  11. 7 CFR 1775.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1775.7 Section 1775.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS General Provisions § 1775.7 Environmental requirements...

  12. 7 CFR 1775.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1775.7 Section 1775.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS General Provisions § 1775.7 Environmental requirements...

  13. 7 CFR 772.4 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 772.4 Section 772.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS SERVICING MINOR PROGRAM LOANS § 772.4 Environmental requirements. Servicing...

  14. 7 CFR 772.4 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 772.4 Section 772.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS SERVICING MINOR PROGRAM LOANS § 772.4 Environmental requirements. Servicing...

  15. 7 CFR 1775.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1775.7 Section 1775.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS General Provisions § 1775.7 Environmental requirements...

  16. 7 CFR 1774.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Environmental requirements. 1774.7 Section 1774.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...) General Provisions § 1774.7 Environmental requirements. The policies and regulations contained in 7 CFR...

  17. 7 CFR 1774.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1774.7 Section 1774.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...) General Provisions § 1774.7 Environmental requirements. The policies and regulations contained in 7 CFR...

  18. 7 CFR 772.4 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 772.4 Section 772.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS SERVICING MINOR PROGRAM LOANS § 772.4 Environmental requirements. Servicing...

  19. 7 CFR 1775.7 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 1775.7 Section 1775.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS General Provisions § 1775.7 Environmental requirements...

  20. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 611.106 Section 611.106 Energy... environmental assessment and findings of no significant impact, pursuant to the procedures set forth in 10 CFR 1021.215. DOE may also make a determination as to whether a categorical exclusion is available with...

  1. Environmental Response Laboratory Network (ERLN) Laboratory Requirements

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The Environmental Response Laboratory Network requires its member labs follow specified quality systems, sample management, data reporting, and general, in order to ensure consistent analytical data of known and documented quality.

  2. Environmental assessment requirements for live biological drugs.

    PubMed

    Sutton, Ann

    2008-02-01

    Marketing approval of biological products by the US Food and Drug Administration must comply with requirements of Code of Federal Regulations title 21 part 25, "Environmental Impact Considerations." An environmental impact statement is usually not required. Environmental assessment is required unless excluded. As naturally occurring substances, biological products qualify for categorical exclusion if manufacture and use do not significantly alter their concentration or distribution in the human environment. The manufacturing process and establishment descriptions in the license application should include enough detail to ensure that waste is controlled and inactivated. During clinical development of a live biotherapeutic product, data should be collected regarding the shedding of live organisms from treated patients. The ability of the live organism to persist in the environment should be assessed, and instructions for safe handling by health care providers and consumers should be incorporated into the package insert.

  3. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ....206 Section 400.206 Business Credit and Assistance EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN BOARD EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM Steel Guarantee Loans § 400.206 Environmental requirements. (a)(1) In... projects can be obtained from the Board by contacting: Executive Director, Emergency Steel Guarantee...

  4. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ....206 Section 400.206 Business Credit and Assistance EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN BOARD EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM Steel Guarantee Loans § 400.206 Environmental requirements. (a)(1) In... projects can be obtained from the Board by contacting: Executive Director, Emergency Steel Guarantee...

  5. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ....206 Section 400.206 Business Credit and Assistance EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN BOARD EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM Steel Guarantee Loans § 400.206 Environmental requirements. (a)(1) In... projects can be obtained from the Board by contacting: Executive Director, Emergency Steel Guarantee...

  6. 7 CFR 4284.907 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 4284.907 Section 4284.907 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GRANTS Value-Added Producer Grant Program...

  7. 7 CFR 4284.907 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements. 4284.907 Section 4284.907 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GRANTS Value-Added Producer Grant Program...

  8. Environmental and customer-driven seal requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hendricks, Robert C.

    1994-01-01

    Public awareness of environmental hazards, well-publicized effects of hazardous leakages (Three Mile Island, Challenger), and a general concern for planet earth have precipitated emission limits that drive the design requirements for seals applications. Types of seals, barrier fluids, and the necessity of thin lubricating films and stable turbomachine operation to minimize leakage and material losses generated by rubbing contact are discussed.

  9. Environmental impact of offshore operation reduced using innovative engineering solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Ritchie, C.J.; Wensel, E.A.; Edelblum, L.S.; Beal, D.

    1994-12-31

    The North Dauphin Island Tract 73 platform is located in eleven feet (3.4 m) of water and one mile (1.6 km) from shore in Mobile Bay, Alabama. The platform is designed to dehydrate and compress up to 70 MMSCFD (1.98 x 10{sup 6} SM{sup 3}) from five remote gas production wells. Located near the city of Mobile, Alabama, the surrounding metropolitan and coastal areas has multiple uses including manufacturing, tourism, commercial and sport fishing, and wetlands and wildlife conservation. The multiple and interdependent economic uses of the area required that the platform be designed to minimize any adverse environmental impact. A cost-effective environmental engineering solution was desired at the design phase of the project. A water catchment, containment and disposal system was designed to meet the zero discharge requirement. Pollution from air emissions was reduced by the installation of lean burning engines. A floatover installation process was used to prevent dredging of the bay, thus protecting the bay water quality. An aesthetically concealing paint and lighting scheme was chosen and applied to the entire structure. These cost-effective engineering solutions during the design phase of the project saved time and money over the life of the project. All regulatory permits were obtained in a timely manner, with little or no opposition. The operator of the North Dauphin Island Development won several environmental awards due to the implementation of innovative solutions and their commitment to conservation of the natural environment.

  10. Integrated computational and conceptual solutions for complex environmental information management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rückemann, Claus-Peter

    2016-06-01

    This paper presents the recent results of the integration of computational and conceptual solutions for the complex case of environmental information management. The solution for the major goal of creating and developing long-term multi-disciplinary knowledge resources and conceptual and computational support was achieved by implementing and integrating key components. The key components are long-term knowledge resources providing required structures for universal knowledge creation, documentation, and preservation, universal multi-disciplinary and multi-lingual conceptual knowledge and classification, especially, references to Universal Decimal Classification (UDC), sustainable workflows for environmental information management, and computational support for dynamical use, processing, and advanced scientific computing with Integrated Information and Computing System (IICS) components and High End Computing (HEC) resources.

  11. General Problem Solving: Navy Requirements and Solutions.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-03-01

    Applied Mathematical Problem Solving, ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics and Environmental Education , Columbus, Ohio, 1979. Bourne, Lyle...Mathematics and Environmental Education , Columbus, Ohio, 1979. Lewis, Clayton and Mack, Robert L. "The Role of Abduction in Learning to Use a

  12. Insights into phytoremediation solutions for environmental recovery.

    PubMed

    Samardjieva, Kalina A; Pissarra, José; Castro, Paula M L; Tavares, Fernando

    2011-04-01

    Our environment is contaminated with organic and inorganic compounds released by anthropogenic activities that cause negative impacts on biological productivity and ecosystem sustainability and place human health at risk. Within the available remediation technologies, phytoremediation has emerged with high potential due to its reduced environmental impacts and economic costs. The research into phytoremediation has developed through a wide array of approaches, which also pertains to its inherent interdisciplinary characteristics, towards enhancing the potential of the technology for application in the field. Numerous patents present molecular solutions through which plants can be engineered to display improvements in key characteristics, such as the tolerance, uptake and accumulation of contaminants. The manipulation of plant growth and of the physico-chemical characteristics of the contaminated environments in order to enhance the remediation potential has also been the focus of several issued patents. This review attempts to highlight the most relevant patented advances in phytoremediation and to emphasise recent research efforts through which this green technology might be expected to develop into a commercially competitive alternative to other remediation methods.

  13. 77 FR 73023 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ... environmental technologies that will outline U.S. ] approaches to a series of environmental problems and... markets to U.S. approaches to solving environmental problems and to U.S. companies that can export related... International Trade Administration U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit AGENCY: International Trade...

  14. Electric airplane environmental control systems energy requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Buss, L.B.

    1984-05-01

    The electric airplane environmental control system (ECS) design drivers is discussed for an electric airplane from two aspects. The first aspect considered is the type of aircraft. The three examples selected are the 150-passenger commercial airline transport, the military on-station electronic-surveillance patrol aircraft, and the air-defense interceptor fighter. These vehicle examples illustrate the effect of both mission and mission profile on the design requirements of the ECS and the differences that the requirements make on the resulting advantages and disadvantages of electrification. For the commercial transport, the selection of the air source for ventilation will be featured. For the patrol aircraft, the cooling unit will be evaluated. For the fighter, emphasis will be placed on the need for systems integration. The second and more important consideration is the definition of the environmental control system requirements for both energy supply and heat sink thermal management integration from the power plant (engine) that make an electric ECS viable for each type of vehicle.

  15. Dealing with Brownout: Environmental, Mechanical, and Training Solutions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-02-08

    3 Continuous sand bombardment can cause serious damage to helicopter dynamic components. The fiberglass rotor blades are subject to erosion as...Dealing With Brownout : Environmental, Mechanical, and Training Solutions EWS 2005 Subject Area Training...CONTEMPORARY ISSUES PAPER Dealing With Brownout : Environmental, Mechanical, and Training Solutions Submitted by Captain JC Luttmann To Major KB

  16. Scientific Solutions to Nuclear Waste Environmental Challenges

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, Bradley R.

    2014-01-30

    The Hidden Cost of Nuclear Weapons The Cold War arms race drove an intense plutonium production program in the U.S. This campaign produced approximately 100 tons of plutonium over 40 years. The epicenter of plutonium production in the United States was the Hanford site, a 586 square mile reservation owned by the Department of Energy and located on the Colombia River in Southeastern Washington. Plutonium synthesis relied on nuclear reactors to convert uranium to plutonium within the reactor fuel rods. After a sufficient amount of conversion occurred, the rods were removed from the reactor and allowed to cool. They were then dissolved in an acid bath and chemically processed to separate and purify plutonium from the rest of the constituents in the used reactor fuel. The acidic waste was then neutralized using sodium hydroxide and the resulting mixture of liquids and precipitates (small insoluble particles) was stored in huge underground waste tanks. The byproducts of the U.S. plutonium production campaign include over 53 million gallons of high-level radioactive waste stored in 177 large underground tanks at Hanford and another 34 million gallons stored at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. This legacy nuclear waste represents one of the largest environmental clean-up challenges facing the world today. The nuclear waste in the Hanford tanks is a mixture of liquids and precipitates that have settled into sludge. Some of these tanks are now over 60 years old and a small number of them are leaking radioactive waste into the ground and contaminating the environment. The solution to this nuclear waste challenge is to convert the mixture of solids and liquids into a durable material that won't disperse into the environment and create hazards to the biosphere. What makes this difficult is the fact that the radioactive half-lives of some of the radionuclides in the waste are thousands to millions of years long. (The half-life of a radioactive substance is the amount

  17. 77 FR 73022 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ... environmental problems and highlight participating U.S. vendors of relevant U.S. technologies. The Toolkit will... users in foreign markets to U.S. approaches to solving environmental problems and to U.S. companies that... International Trade Administration U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit AGENCY: International Trade...

  18. 77 FR 73023 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ... that will outline U.S. approaches to a series of environmental problems and highlight participating U.S.... approaches to solving environmental problems and to U.S. companies that can export related technologies. The... International Trade Administration U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit AGENCY: International Trade...

  19. Biological and Environmental Research Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Balaji, V.; Boden, Tom; Cowley, Dave; Dart, Eli; Dattoria, Vince; Desai, Narayan; Egan, Rob; Foster, Ian; Goldstone, Robin; Gregurick, Susan; Houghton, John; Izaurralde, Cesar; Johnston, Bill; Joseph, Renu; Kleese-van Dam, Kerstin; Lipton, Mary; Monga, Inder; Pritchard, Matt; Rotman, Lauren; Strand, Gary; Stuart, Cory; Tatusova, Tatiana; Tierney, Brian; Thomas, Brian; Williams, Dean N.; Zurawski, Jason

    2013-09-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of SC programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 25 years. In November 2012, ESnet and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) of the DOE SC organized a review to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by the BER program office. Several key findings resulted from the review. Among them: 1) The scale of data sets available to science collaborations continues to increase exponentially. This has broad impact, both on the network and on the computational and storage systems connected to the network. 2) Many science collaborations require assistance to cope with the systems and network engineering challenges inherent in managing the rapid growth in data scale. 3) Several science domains operate distributed facilities that rely on high-performance networking for success. Key examples illustrated in this report include the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) and the Systems Biology Knowledgebase (KBase). This report expands on these points, and addresses others as well. The report contains a findings section as well as the text of the case studies discussed at the review.

  20. A Technology Solution Strengthens Comprehensive Environmental Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-23

    further action NEPA Workflow – IMO Planner Prepare for Environmental Impact Review Board ( EIRB )  The IMO NEPA Planner plans for additional...information for EIRB  The NEPA Coordinator has determined that the project may have environmental effects  The Planner must provide any...additional information needed for the EIRB  Prepare the information needed by the EIRB , including a demarcation of the site area NEPA Workflow – NEPA

  1. 10 CFR 611.106 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... paragraphs (d) through (f) of this section. (3) The regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality... documents such as environmental impact statements, environmental assessments, findings of no significant... environmental assessment and findings of no significant impact, pursuant to the procedures set forth in 10 CFR...

  2. Availability of health data: requirements and solutions.

    PubMed

    Espinosa, A L

    1998-03-01

    There is an increasing recognition of the importance of the health data available for the corporate healthcare system model with the electronic patient record as the central unit of the healthcare information systems. There is also increasing recognition of the importance of developing simple international standards for record components, including clinical and administrative requirements. Aspects of security and confidentiality have to be reviewed in detail. The advantages of having health data available when and where it is required will modify healthcare delivery and support cost control with economies of scale and sharing of resources. The infrastructure necessary to make this model a reality is being developed through different international initiatives, which have to be integrated and co-ordinated to have common disaster planning strategies and better funding alternatives.

  3. 7 CFR 1948.62 - Environmental impact requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental impact requirements. 1948.62 Section... Development Assistance Program § 1948.62 Environmental impact requirements. (a) The policies and regulations... studied for environmental impacts. (c) Boundaries shall define the area within which the environmental...

  4. Requirements and Solutions for Personalized Health Systems.

    PubMed

    Blobel, Bernd; Ruotsalainen, Pekka; Lopez, Diego M; Oemig, Frank

    2017-01-01

    Organizational, methodological and technological paradigm changes enable a precise, personalized, predictive, preventive and participative approach to health and social services supported by multiple actors from different domains at diverse level of knowledge and skills. Interoperability has to advance beyond Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) concerns, including the real world business domains and their processes, but also the individual context of all actors involved. The paper introduces and compares personalized health definitions, summarizes requirements and principles for pHealth systems, and considers intelligent interoperability. It addresses knowledge representation and harmonization, decision intelligence, and usability as crucial issues in pHealth. On this basis, a system-theoretical, ontology-based, policy-driven reference architecture model for open and intelligent pHealth ecosystems and its transformation into an appropriate ICT design and implementation is proposed.

  5. Comparison of non-ideal solution theories for multi-solute solutions in cryobiology and tabulation of required coefficients.

    PubMed

    Zielinski, Michal W; McGann, Locksley E; Nychka, John A; Elliott, Janet A W

    2014-10-01

    Thermodynamic solution theories allow the prediction of chemical potentials in solutions of known composition. In cryobiology, such models are a critical component of many mathematical models that are used to simulate the biophysical processes occurring in cells and tissues during cryopreservation. A number of solution theories, both thermodynamically ideal and non-ideal, have been proposed for use with cryobiological solutions. In this work, we have evaluated two non-ideal solution theories for predicting water chemical potential (i.e. osmolality) in multi-solute solutions relevant to cryobiology: the Elliott et al. form of the multi-solute osmotic virial equation, and the Kleinhans and Mazur freezing point summation model. These two solution theories require fitting to only single-solute data, although they can make predictions in multi-solute solutions. The predictions of these non-ideal solution theories were compared to predictions made using ideal dilute assumptions and to available literature multi-solute experimental osmometric data. A single, consistent set of literature single-solute solution data was used to fit for the required solute-specific coefficients for each of the non-ideal models. Our results indicate that the two non-ideal solution theories have similar overall performance, and both give more accurate predictions than ideal models. These results can be used to select between the non-ideal models for a specific multi-solute solution, and the updated coefficients provided in this work can be used to make the desired predictions.

  6. 15 CFR 971.601 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR COMMERCIAL RECOVERY PERMITS Environmental Effects... Act, or the presence of those species critical to the structure or function of the ecosystem such...

  7. 15 CFR 971.601 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR COMMERCIAL RECOVERY PERMITS Environmental Effects... Act, or the presence of those species critical to the structure or function of the ecosystem such...

  8. 15 CFR 971.601 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR COMMERCIAL RECOVERY PERMITS Environmental Effects... Act, or the presence of those species critical to the structure or function of the ecosystem such...

  9. 77 FR 45337 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ... input from U.S. businesses capable of exporting their goods or services relevant to (a) groundwater... environmental solution category of interest from the following list: (a) Groundwater remediation (b) Mercury...

  10. Environmental Crisis: Root Causes and Opportunities for Solution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Barbara, Ed.

    Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Conservation Education Association, held in Ann Arbor, Michigan, August, 1971, are reported in this booklet. Utilizing the theme - The Environmental Crisis: Root Causes and Opportunities for Solution - the program was aimed at environmental problems where we live; the urban area. It dealt with…

  11. 78 FR 58520 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-24

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit AGENCY: International Trade... from U.S. businesses capable of exporting their goods or services relevant to (a) arsenic removal... wastewater treatment. The Department of Commerce continues to develop the web-based U.S. Environmental...

  12. 7 CFR 1779.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... shall be performed by the applicant simultaneously and concurrently with the project's engineering... development methods to mitigate any adverse environmental effects. Facility planning and design must not only...

  13. 7 CFR 1779.9 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... shall be performed by the applicant simultaneously and concurrently with the project's engineering... development methods to mitigate any adverse environmental effects. Facility planning and design must not only...

  14. 7 CFR 1948.62 - Environmental impact requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Environmental impact requirements. 1948.62 Section... Development Assistance Program § 1948.62 Environmental impact requirements. (a) The policies and regulations... studied for environmental impacts. (c) Boundaries shall define the area within which the...

  15. 7 CFR 1948.62 - Environmental impact requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental impact requirements. 1948.62 Section... Development Assistance Program § 1948.62 Environmental impact requirements. (a) The policies and regulations... studied for environmental impacts. (c) Boundaries shall define the area within which the...

  16. 7 CFR 1948.62 - Environmental impact requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental impact requirements. 1948.62 Section... Development Assistance Program § 1948.62 Environmental impact requirements. (a) The policies and regulations... studied for environmental impacts. (c) Boundaries shall define the area within which the...

  17. 7 CFR 1948.62 - Environmental impact requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Environmental impact requirements. 1948.62 Section... Development Assistance Program § 1948.62 Environmental impact requirements. (a) The policies and regulations... studied for environmental impacts. (c) Boundaries shall define the area within which the...

  18. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requirements for environmental assessments. 1021.321 Section 1021.321 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES Implementing Procedures § 1021.321 Requirements for environmental assessments. (a) When...

  19. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Requirements for environmental assessments. 1021.321 Section 1021.321 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES Implementing Procedures § 1021.321 Requirements for environmental assessments. (a) When...

  20. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requirements for environmental assessments. 1021.321 Section 1021.321 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES Implementing Procedures § 1021.321 Requirements for environmental assessments. (a) When...

  1. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Requirements for environmental assessments. 1021.321 Section 1021.321 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES Implementing Procedures § 1021.321 Requirements for environmental assessments. (a) When...

  2. 33 CFR 230.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... concurrently with and utilize data from analyses required by other environmental laws and executive orders. A listing of environmental laws and orders is contained in table 3.4.3 of Economic and Environmental... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Environmental review...

  3. 33 CFR 230.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... concurrently with and utilize data from analyses required by other environmental laws and executive orders. A listing of environmental laws and orders is contained in table 3.4.3 of Economic and Environmental... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Environmental review...

  4. 33 CFR 230.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... concurrently with and utilize data from analyses required by other environmental laws and executive orders. A listing of environmental laws and orders is contained in table 3.4.3 of Economic and Environmental... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Environmental review...

  5. 33 CFR 230.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... concurrently with and utilize data from analyses required by other environmental laws and executive orders. A listing of environmental laws and orders is contained in table 3.4.3 of Economic and Environmental... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Environmental review...

  6. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... subject to verification by the Board. (b) The regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality... section 102(2)(C) of NEPA. FONSI means a finding of no significant impact on the quality of the human... from Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and other agencies concerning matters related to NEPA...

  7. Environmentally Responsible Aviation - Real Solutions for Environmental Challenges Facing Aviation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collier, Fayette; Thomas, Russell; Burley, Casey; Nickol, Craig; Lee, Chi-Ming; Tong, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The combined reality of persistently strong growth in air traffic and the vital economic role of the air transport system result in continued demand for the progress of technology for the reduction of aircraft noise, emissions of oxides of nitrogen, and fuel burn. NASA s Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) project has set aggressive goals in these three areas including a noise goal of 42 dB cumulative below the Stage 4 certification level. The goal for the reduction of oxides of nitrogen is 75% below the current standard. The fuel burn reduction goal is 50% below that of a current state-of-the-art aircraft. Furthermore, the overall goal of ERA is to mature technologies that will meet these goals simultaneously and with a timeframe of 2020 for technical readiness. This paper outlines the key technologies and the progress achieved to date toward the goals.

  8. Health, safety and environmental requirements for composite materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hazer, Kathleen A.

    1994-01-01

    The health, safety and environmental requirements for the production of composite materials are discussed. The areas covered include: (1) chemical identification for each chemical; (2) toxicology; (3) industrial hygiene; (4) fire and safety; (5) environmental aspects; and (6) medical concerns.

  9. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... EISs. (4) Categorical exclusions. (1) This paragraph describes various classes of Board actions that... approach that will ensure the integrated use of the natural and social sciences and the environmental...

  10. 13 CFR 400.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... EISs. (4) Categorical exclusions. (1) This paragraph describes various classes of Board actions that... approach that will ensure the integrated use of the natural and social sciences and the environmental...

  11. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Environmental protection and safety requirements... Requirements § 192.515 Environmental protection and safety requirements. (a) In conducting tests under this...) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED)...

  12. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Environmental protection and safety requirements... Requirements § 192.515 Environmental protection and safety requirements. (a) In conducting tests under this...) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED)...

  13. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Environmental protection and safety requirements... Requirements § 192.515 Environmental protection and safety requirements. (a) In conducting tests under this...) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED)...

  14. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Environmental protection and safety requirements... Requirements § 192.515 Environmental protection and safety requirements. (a) In conducting tests under this...) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED)...

  15. Actinide solution processing at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site

    SciTech Connect

    1995-04-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-1039, for radioactive solution removal and processing at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, Golden, Colorado. The proposal for solution removal and processing is in response to independent safety assessments and an agreement with the State of Colorado to remove mixed residues at Rocky Flats and reduce the risk of future accidents. Monthly public meetings were held during the scoping and preparation of the EA. The scope of the EA included evaluations of alternative methods and locations of solution processing. A comment period from February 20, 1995 through March 21, 1995 was provided to the public and the State of Colorado to offer written comment on the EA. Comments were received from the State of Colorado and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. A response to the agency comments is included in the Final EA.

  16. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... classes of Board actions that normally do not have a significant impact on the human environment and are... integrated use of the natural and social sciences and the environmental design arts.” 42 U.S.C. 4332(A). If...

  17. 13 CFR 500.206 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... classes of Board actions that normally do not have a significant impact on the human environment and are... integrated use of the natural and social sciences and the environmental design arts.” 42 U.S.C. 4332(A). If...

  18. SOLVENT DESIGN UNDER VARYING ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    There is currently a great need to replace many solvents that are commonly used by industry and the public, but whose continued use entails a number of human health and environmental risks. One issue hampering solvent replacement is the general thought that replacement, particul...

  19. 7 CFR 2201.16 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE BOARD LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM-PROGRAM REGULATIONS Loan Guarantees § 2201.16 Environmental... contacting: Secretary, LOCAL Television Loan Guarantee Board, 1400 Independence Ave., SW., Room 2919-S, Stop...

  20. 7 CFR 2201.16 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE BOARD LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM-PROGRAM REGULATIONS Loan Guarantees § 2201.16 Environmental... contacting: Secretary, LOCAL Television Loan Guarantee Board, 1400 Independence Ave., SW., Room 2919-S, Stop...

  1. 7 CFR 2201.16 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE BOARD LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM-PROGRAM REGULATIONS Loan Guarantees § 2201.16 Environmental... contacting: Secretary, LOCAL Television Loan Guarantee Board, 1400 Independence Ave., SW., Room 2919-S, Stop...

  2. SOLVENT DESIGN UNDER VARYING ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    There is currently a great need to replace many solvents that are commonly used by industry and the public, but whose continued use entails a number of human health and environmental risks. One issue hampering solvent replacement is the general thought that replacement, particul...

  3. 7 CFR 2201.16 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... 4321 et seq., by the Board. This paragraph supplements regulations at 40 CFR Chapter V. (2) Definitions. For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply: Categorical exclusion means a category... 1575; Washington, DC 20250-1575. (c) National Environmental Policy Act—(1) Purpose. The purpose of this...

  4. 25 CFR 166.313 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Is environmental compliance required? 166.313 Section 166.313 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.313 Is environmental...

  5. 25 CFR 166.313 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Is environmental compliance required? 166.313 Section 166.313 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.313 Is environmental...

  6. 25 CFR 166.313 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Is environmental compliance required? 166.313 Section 166.313 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.313 Is environmental...

  7. 25 CFR 166.313 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Is environmental compliance required? 166.313 Section 166.313 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.313 Is environmental...

  8. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the... THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES...

  9. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the... THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES...

  10. 15 CFR 971.419 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... establishing the TCRs pertaining to environmental protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the...

  11. 15 CFR 971.419 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... establishing the TCRs pertaining to environmental protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the...

  12. 15 CFR 971.419 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... establishing the TCRs pertaining to environmental protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the...

  13. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the... THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES...

  14. 15 CFR 971.419 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... establishing the TCRs pertaining to environmental protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the...

  15. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the... THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES...

  16. 15 CFR 971.419 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... establishing the TCRs pertaining to environmental protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the...

  17. 15 CFR 970.518 - Environmental protection requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental protection requirements... protection, the Administrator will consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the... THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR EXPLORATION LICENSES...

  18. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The determination of the effects of a proposed water resources project shall be made in compliance with the National... environmental studies, assessments, or environmental impact statements prepared for a water resources...

  19. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... consequences on the existing environment, the future environment, and individual sensitive environmental issues... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Environmental review requirements. 35.3580 Section 35.3580 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL...

  20. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... consequences on the existing environment, the future environment, and individual sensitive environmental issues... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Environmental review requirements. 35.3580 Section 35.3580 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL...

  1. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Requirement to submit environmental information. 51.41 Section 51.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING AND RELATED REGULATORY FUNCTIONS National Environmental Policy...

  2. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Requirement to submit environmental information. 51.41 Section 51.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING AND RELATED REGULATORY FUNCTIONS National Environmental Policy...

  3. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requirement to submit environmental information. 51.41 Section 51.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING AND RELATED REGULATORY FUNCTIONS National Environmental Policy...

  4. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requirement to submit environmental information. 51.41 Section 51.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING AND RELATED REGULATORY FUNCTIONS National Environmental Policy...

  5. 10 CFR 51.41 - Requirement to submit environmental information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirement to submit environmental information. 51.41 Section 51.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING AND RELATED REGULATORY FUNCTIONS National Environmental Policy...

  6. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The determination of the effects of a proposed water resources project shall be made in compliance with the National... environmental studies, assessments, or environmental impact statements prepared for a water resources...

  7. 40 CFR 6.403 - Environmental review and assessment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OF EPA ACTIONS Assessing the Environmental Effects Abroad of EPA Actions § 6.403 Environmental review and assessment requirements. (a) Research and demonstration projects. The appropriate Assistant Administrator is responsible for performing the necessary degree of environmental review on research...

  8. 36 CFR 228.8 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... environmental protection. 228.8 Section 228.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MINERALS Locatable Minerals § 228.8 Requirements for environmental protection. All operations shall be conducted so as, where feasible, to minimize adverse environmental impacts on National Forest...

  9. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... consequences on the existing environment, the future environment, and individual sensitive environmental issues... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Environmental review requirements. 35.3580 Section 35.3580 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER...

  10. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... consequences on the existing environment, the future environment, and individual sensitive environmental issues... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Environmental review requirements. 35.3580 Section 35.3580 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER...

  11. 40 CFR 35.3580 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... consequences on the existing environment, the future environment, and individual sensitive environmental issues... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Environmental review requirements. 35.3580 Section 35.3580 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER...

  12. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Environmental analysis requirements. 297.6 Section 297.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The...

  13. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Environmental analysis requirements. 297.6 Section 297.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS Water Resources Projects § 297.6 Environmental analysis requirements. (a) The...

  14. Domestic environmental requirements, new and projected

    SciTech Connect

    McLean, B.J.

    1997-12-31

    The paper outlines and/or gives data on the following: environmental concerns; goal of Title IV; national SO{sub 2} emissions; reductions in wet sulfate deposition; SO{sub 2} allowance program--benefits and costs; utility NO{sub x} emissions; NO{sub x} compliance options; cost effectiveness of NO{sub x} control; electric power regulations timeline; Clean Air power initiative; what a new approach would look like; and an analysis of NO{sub x} and SO{sub 2} cap and trade scenarios.

  15. 7 CFR 1944.672 - Environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... dwellings are located in a floodplain, wetland, or the proposed work is not concurred in by the Advisory... required. Dwellings within the Coastal Barrier Resources System are not eligible for HPG assistance... not located in a floodplain, wetland, or the proposed work is concurred in by the Advisory Council on...

  16. Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Quality Assurance Requirements Document

    SciTech Connect

    Cote, R.F.

    1991-09-01

    The Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Quality Assurance Requirements Document defines the quality assurance program requirements for the US Department of Energy-Richland Field Office Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Program at the Hanford Site. This paper describes the objectives outlined in DOE/RL 90-28. The Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Program implements significant commitments made by the US Department of Energy in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order entered into with the Washington State Department of Ecology and the US Environmental Protection Agency. 18 refs.

  17. 36 CFR 297.6 - Environmental analysis requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Environmental analysis requirements. 297.6 Section 297.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... adequately address the environmental effects on resources protected by the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act,...

  18. 36 CFR 228.8 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Federal and State standards for the disposal and treatment of solid wastes. All garbage, refuse, or waste... environmental protection. 228.8 Section 228.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MINERALS Locatable Minerals § 228.8 Requirements for environmental protection. All operations...

  19. 36 CFR 228.8 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Federal and State standards for the disposal and treatment of solid wastes. All garbage, refuse, or waste... environmental protection. 228.8 Section 228.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MINERALS Locatable Minerals § 228.8 Requirements for environmental protection. All operations...

  20. 43 CFR 3802.3-2 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... treatment of solid wastes. All garbage, refuse, or waste shall either be removed from the affected lands or... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Requirements for environmental protection... environmental protection. (a) Air quality. The operator shall comply with applicable Federal and State air...

  1. 43 CFR 3802.3-2 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... treatment of solid wastes. All garbage, refuse, or waste shall either be removed from the affected lands or... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Requirements for environmental protection... environmental protection. (a) Air quality. The operator shall comply with applicable Federal and State air...

  2. 25 CFR 166.313 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Is environmental compliance required? 166.313 Section 166.313 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.313 Is...

  3. Infrastructure Task Force National Environmental Policy Act Requirements - February 2011

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This document summarizes in a matrix format the federal regulations requirements and guidance for complying with the National Environmental Policy Act for the Infrastructure Task Force federal partner agencies.

  4. Infrastructure Task Force National Environmental Policy Act Requirements

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This document summarizes in a matrix format the federal regulations requirements and guidance for complying with the National Environmental Policy Act for the Infrastructure Task Force federal partner agencies.

  5. Glymphatic solute transport does not require bulk flow

    PubMed Central

    Asgari, Mahdi; de Zélicourt, Diane; Kurtcuoglu, Vartan

    2016-01-01

    Observations of fast transport of fluorescent tracers in mouse brains have led to the hypothesis of bulk water flow directed from arterial to venous paravascular spaces (PVS) through the cortical interstitium. At the same time, there is evidence for interstitial solute transport by diffusion rather than by directed bulk fluid motion. It has been shown that the two views may be consolidated by intracellular water flow through astrocyte networks combined with mainly diffusive extracellular transport of solutes. This requires the presence of a driving force that has not been determined to date, but for which arterial pulsation has been suggested as the origin. Here we show that arterial pulsation caused by pulse wave propagation is an unlikely origin of this hypothetical driving force. However, we further show that such pulsation may still lead to fast para-arterial solute transport through dispersion, that is, through the combined effect of local mixing and diffusion in the para-arterial space. PMID:27929105

  6. Glymphatic solute transport does not require bulk flow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asgari, Mahdi; de Zélicourt, Diane; Kurtcuoglu, Vartan

    2016-12-01

    Observations of fast transport of fluorescent tracers in mouse brains have led to the hypothesis of bulk water flow directed from arterial to venous paravascular spaces (PVS) through the cortical interstitium. At the same time, there is evidence for interstitial solute transport by diffusion rather than by directed bulk fluid motion. It has been shown that the two views may be consolidated by intracellular water flow through astrocyte networks combined with mainly diffusive extracellular transport of solutes. This requires the presence of a driving force that has not been determined to date, but for which arterial pulsation has been suggested as the origin. Here we show that arterial pulsation caused by pulse wave propagation is an unlikely origin of this hypothetical driving force. However, we further show that such pulsation may still lead to fast para-arterial solute transport through dispersion, that is, through the combined effect of local mixing and diffusion in the para-arterial space.

  7. Systemic solutions for multi-benefit water and environmental management.

    PubMed

    Everard, Mark; McInnes, Robert

    2013-09-01

    The environmental and financial costs of inputs to, and unintended consequences arising from narrow consideration of outputs from, water and environmental management technologies highlight the need for low-input solutions that optimise outcomes across multiple ecosystem services. Case studies examining the inputs and outputs associated with several ecosystem-based water and environmental management technologies reveal a range from those that differ little from conventional electro-mechanical engineering techniques through methods, such as integrated constructed wetlands (ICWs), designed explicitly as low-input systems optimising ecosystem service outcomes. All techniques present opportunities for further optimisation of outputs, and hence for greater cumulative public value. We define 'systemic solutions' as "…low-input technologies using natural processes to optimise benefits across the spectrum of ecosystem services and their beneficiaries". They contribute to sustainable development by averting unintended negative impacts and optimising benefits to all ecosystem service beneficiaries, increasing net economic value. Legacy legislation addressing issues in a fragmented way, associated 'ring-fenced' budgets and established management assumptions represent obstacles to implementing 'systemic solutions'. However, flexible implementation of legacy regulations recognising their primary purpose, rather than slavish adherence to detailed sub-clauses, may achieve greater overall public benefit through optimisation of outcomes across ecosystem services. Systemic solutions are not a panacea if applied merely as 'downstream' fixes, but are part of, and a means to accelerate, broader culture change towards more sustainable practice. This necessarily entails connecting a wider network of interests in the formulation and design of mutually-beneficial systemic solutions, including for example spatial planners, engineers, regulators, managers, farming and other businesses, and

  8. Solutions For Smart Metering Under Harsh Environmental Condicions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kunicina, N.; Zabasta, A.; Kondratjevs, K.; Asmanis, G.

    2015-02-01

    The described case study concerns application of wireless sensor networks to the smart control of power supply substations. The solution proposed for metering is based on the modular principle and has been tested in the intersystem communication paradigm using selectable interface modules (IEEE 802.3, ISM radio interface, GSM/GPRS). The solution modularity gives 7 % savings of maintenance costs. The developed solution can be applied to the control of different critical infrastructure networks using adapted modules. The proposed smart metering is suitable for outdoor installation, indoor industrial installations, operation under electromagnetic pollution, temperature and humidity impact. The results of tests have shown a good electromagnetic compatibility of the prototype meter with other electronic devices. The metering procedure is exemplified by operation of a testing company's workers under harsh environmental conditions.

  9. Environmental issues and solutions for exploratory drilling in sensitive areas

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, R.M.

    1995-12-31

    Chevron USA Production Company (CPDN), the National Forest Service (FS) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) successfully utilized a multi-disciplinary team approach to design and implement innovative environmental solutions to drill the 8,000 foot deep, Hunter Creek exploratory well. The project was located in the Bridger-Teton National Forest, less than 20 miles from Grand Teton National Park. Acquiring permission from the FS, the BLM, and ultimately, the public to drill the Hunter Creek well involved substantial teamwork in identifying many potential, environmental pitfalls. Creative, workable and cost-effective mitigation measures employed at Hunter Creek included: utilizing a helicopter and limiting vehicle use of an existing road, conducting environmental and safety training, an erosion control and reclamation plan, designing an environmentally friendly, near-zero-discharge drilling location, initiating a water quality monitoring program to establish baseline data and to ensure protection of surface and ground water, designing a waste minimization plan, identifying threatened and endangered and special status species possibly affected by project activities, and ensuring compliance with all mitigation measures and Federal and State regulations. The Hunter Creek project successfully demonstrates that oil and gas exploration can be conducted with a soft footprint in environmentally sensitive areas if mitigation measures are front-end loaded in the project and honored by all personnel involved. Teamwork, training and communication were found to be indispensable components of achieving success at Hunter Creek.

  10. 49 CFR 192.515 - Environmental protection and safety requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SAFETY TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Test Requirements § 192.515 Environmental protection and safety requirements. (a) In conducting tests under this... the general public during the testing. Whenever the hoop stress of the segment of the pipeline...

  11. 14 CFR 1216.305 - Actions requiring environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... result in impacts that require analysis in an EIS. The Responsible Official will consider the scope of the action and the context and intensity of any environmental impacts when determining whether to prepare an EA. (b) Typical NASA actions normally requiring an EA include: (1) Specific...

  12. Examining Teachers' Attitudes toward a Required Environmental Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Judith Chen-Hsuan; Monroe, Martha C.

    2010-01-01

    Requiring teachers to partake in environmental education (EE) may generate negative reactions since elementary teachers can be overloaded with meeting standards and student performance goals. This study explores teachers' attitudes toward a required EE program, Lagoon Quest. We compare attitudes among teachers with and without prior Lagoon Quest,…

  13. Examining Teachers' Attitudes toward a Required Environmental Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Judith Chen-Hsuan; Monroe, Martha C.

    2010-01-01

    Requiring teachers to partake in environmental education (EE) may generate negative reactions since elementary teachers can be overloaded with meeting standards and student performance goals. This study explores teachers' attitudes toward a required EE program, Lagoon Quest. We compare attitudes among teachers with and without prior Lagoon Quest,…

  14. Environmental assessment of different harvesting solutions for Short Rotation Coppice plantations.

    PubMed

    Bacenetti, Jacopo; Pessina, Domenico; Fiala, Marco

    2016-01-15

    Although several studies have been carried out on Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) plantations and on their environmental performances, there is a lack of information about the environmental impact of the harvesting operations. In this study, using LCA approach, the environmental performance of two different harvesting solutions for Short Rotation Coppice plantations was evaluated. In more details, for 2-years cutting time poplar plantations, harvesting with a self-propelled forager equipped with a specific header was compared in terms of environmental impact with a tractor-based solution. The LCI was built with experimental data collected during field tests carried out over about 70 ha of SRC plantation in Northern Italy. The following nine impact potentials were evaluated according to the selected method: climate change (CC), ozone depletion (OD), particulate matter (PM), photochemical ozone formation (POF), acidification (TA), freshwater eutrophication (FE), terrestrial eutrophication (TE), marine eutrophication (ME) and mineral, fossil and renewable resource depletion (MFRD). Although harvesting with self-propelled foragers requires higher power and higher diesel consumption, it achieves better environmental performances respect to the harvest with the tractor-based solution. The tractor-based option is characterized by lower operative field capacity (about - 70% for all the evaluated impact categories except for MFRD, which is - 94% compared to the first option). The environmental differences are mainly related to the different machine productivity. From an environmental point of view, respect to the harvesting with self-propelled foragers, the tractor-based solution can achieve a lower environmental impact only in small SRC plantations (<1-2 ha). Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Process for the preparation of solutions from environmentally noxious substances

    SciTech Connect

    Frenken, H.; Friedsam, J.; Voss, K.

    1984-01-24

    The invention relates to a process for the automatic preparation of solutions from environmentally noxious substances in solvents whereby the noxious substance is brought on a receiver and by means of an airtight adapter and a feed connection into a hermetical sealed, storage bin, an exact quantity of the substance is dosed into a measuring and mixing vessel by means of a dosing screw after the solvent is dosed into this vessel, the substance is mixed and dissolved maintained at a certain temperature filtered and delivered to a storage vessel in an automatic sequence.

  16. Going Extreme For Small Solutions To Big Environmental Challenges

    SciTech Connect

    Bagwell, Christopher E.

    2011-03-31

    This chapter is devoted to the scale, scope, and specific issues confronting the cleanup and long-term disposal of the U.S. nuclear legacy generated during WWII and the Cold War Era. The research reported is aimed at complex microbiological interactions with legacy waste materials generated by past nuclear production activities in the United States. The intended purpose of this research is to identify cost effective solutions to the specific problems (stability) and environmental challenges (fate, transport, exposure) in managing and detoxifying persistent contaminant species. Specifically addressed are high level waste microbiology and bacteria inhabiting plutonium laden soils in the unsaturated subsurface.

  17. Identifying environmental safety and health requirements for an Environmental Restoration Management Contractor

    SciTech Connect

    Beckman, W.H.; Cossel, S.C.; Alhadeff, N.; Porco, D.J.; Lindamood, S.B.; Beers, J.A.

    1993-10-01

    The purpose of the Standards/Requirements Identification Program, developed partially in response to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 90-2, was to identify applicable requirements that established the Environmental Restoration Management Contractor`s (ERMC) responsibilities and authorities under the Environmental Restoration Management Contract, determine the adequacy of these requirements, ascertain a baseline level of compliance with them, and implement a maintenance program that would keep the program current as requirements or compliance levels change. The resultant Standards/Requirements Identification Documents (S/RIDs) consolidate the applicable requirements. These documents govern the development of procedures and manuals to ensure compliance with the requirements. Twenty-four such documents, corresponding with each functional area identified at the site, are to be issued. These requirements are included in the contractor`s management plan.

  18. 22 CFR 161.11 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... amended, 33 U.S.C. 1501 et seq. (j) Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, 16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq. ...) Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended, 16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq. (h) Marine Protection, Research... requirements. 161.11 Section 161.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS...

  19. 22 CFR 161.11 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... amended, 33 U.S.C. 1501 et seq. (j) Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, 16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq. ...) Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended, 16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq. (h) Marine Protection, Research... requirements. 161.11 Section 161.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS...

  20. 22 CFR 161.11 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... amended, 33 U.S.C. 1501 et seq. (j) Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, 16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq. ...) Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended, 16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq. (h) Marine Protection, Research... requirements. 161.11 Section 161.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS...

  1. 22 CFR 161.11 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... amended, 33 U.S.C. 1501 et seq. (j) Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, 16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq. ...) Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended, 16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq. (h) Marine Protection, Research... requirements. 161.11 Section 161.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS...

  2. 22 CFR 161.11 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... amended, 33 U.S.C. 1501 et seq. (j) Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, 16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq. ...) Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended, 16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq. (h) Marine Protection, Research... requirements. 161.11 Section 161.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS...

  3. 10 CFR 504.9 - Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... use of natural gas or petroleum, or both, as a primary energy source in any certifying powerplant... fuel as a primary energy source in a certifying powerplant. (a) NEPA compliance. Except as provided in... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants....

  4. 10 CFR 504.9 - Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants. 504.9 Section 504.9 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS EXISTING POWERPLANTS § 504.9... use of natural gas or petroleum, or both, as a primary energy source in any certifying powerplant...

  5. 10 CFR 504.9 - Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants. 504.9 Section 504.9 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS EXISTING POWERPLANTS § 504.9... use of natural gas or petroleum, or both, as a primary energy source in any certifying powerplant...

  6. 10 CFR 504.9 - Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants. 504.9 Section 504.9 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS EXISTING POWERPLANTS § 504.9... fuel as a primary energy source in a certifying powerplant. (a) NEPA compliance. Except as provided...

  7. 43 CFR 3802.3-2 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Requirements for environmental protection. 3802.3-2 Section 3802.3-2 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINING CLAIMS UNDER THE...

  8. A wearable artificial kidney: technical requirements and potential solutions.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jeong Chul; Garzotto, Francesco; Nalesso, Federico; Cruz, Dinna; Kim, Ji Hyun; Kang, Eungtaek; Kim, Hee Chan; Ronco, Claudio

    2011-09-01

    Recently, new approaches for miniaturization and transportability of medical devices have been developed, paving the way for wearability and the possibility of implantation, for renal replacement therapies. A wearable artificial kidney (WAK) is a medical device that supports renal function during ambulation or social activities out of hospital. With the aim of improving dialysis patients' quality of life, WAK systems have been developed for several decades. However, at present there are a lot of technical issues confronting the attempt to apply WAK systems in clinical practice. This article focuses on technical requirements and potential solutions for WAKs and reviews up-to-date approaches related to dialysis membrane, dialysate regeneration, vascular access, patient-monitoring systems and power sources for WAKs.

  9. Requirements for innate immune pathways in environmentally induced autoimmunity

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    There is substantial evidence that environmental triggers in combination with genetic and stochastic factors play an important role in spontaneous autoimmune disease. Although the specific environmental agents and how they promote autoimmunity remain largely unknown, in part because of diverse etiologies, environmentally induced autoimmune models can provide insights into potential mechanisms. Studies of idiopathic and environmentally induced systemic autoimmunity show that they are mediated by common adaptive immune response genes. By contrast, although the innate immune system is indispensable for autoimmunity, there are clear differences in the molecular and cellular innate components that mediate specific systemic autoimmune diseases, suggesting distinct autoimmune-promoting pathways. Some of these differences may be related to the bifurcation of toll-like receptor signaling that distinguishes interferon regulatory factor 7-mediated type I interferon production from nuclear factor-κB-driven proinflammatory cytokine expression. Accordingly, idiopathic and pristane-induced systemic autoimmunity require both type I interferon and proinflammatory cytokines whereas the less aggressive mercury-induced autoimmunity, although dependent on nucleic acid-binding toll-like receptors, does not require type I interferon but needs proinflammatory cytokines. Scavenger receptors and the inflammasome may contribute to silica-induced autoimmunity. Greater understanding of the innate mechanisms responsible for idiopathic and environmentally induced autoimmunity should yield new information into the processes that instigate and drive systemic autoimmunity. PMID:23557436

  10. Environmental site assessments and audits: Building inspection requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lange, John H.; Kaiser, Genevieve; Thomulka, Kenneth W.

    1994-01-01

    Environmental site assessment criteria were originally developed by organizations that focused, almost exclusively, on surface, subsurface, and pollution source contamination. Many of the hazards associated with indoor environments and building structures were traditionally not considered when evaluating sources and entities of environmental pollution. Since a large number of building materials are potentially hazardous, careful evaluation is necessary. Until recently, little information on building inspection requirements of environmental problems has been published. Traditionally, asbestos has been the main component of concern. The ever-changing environmental standards have dramatically expanded the scope of building surveys. Indoor environmental concerns, for example, currently include formaldehyde, lead-based paint, polychlorinated biphenyls, radon, and indoor air pollution. Environmental regulations are being expanded and developed that specifically include building structures. These regulatory standards are being triggered by an increased awareness of health effects from indoor exposure, fires, spills, and other accidents that have resulted in injury, death, and financial loss. This article discusses various aspects of assessments for building structures.

  11. Environmental protection requirements for scout/shuttle auxiliary stages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Qualls, G. L.; Kress, S. S.; Storey, W. W.; Ransdell, P. N.

    1980-01-01

    The requirements for enabling the Scout upper stages to endure the expected temperature, mechanical shock, acoustical and mechanical vibration environments during a specified shuttle mission were determined. The study consisted of: determining a shuttle mission trajectory for a 545 kilogram (1200 pound) Scout payload; compilation of shuttle environmental conditions; determining of Scout upper stages environments in shuttle missions; compilation of Scout upper stages environmental qualification criteria and comparison to shuttle mission expected environments; and recommendations for enabling Scout upper stages to endure the exptected shuttle mission environments.

  12. International environmental issues and requirements for new power projects

    SciTech Connect

    Newman, J.R.; Maltby, J.H.

    1997-12-31

    The purpose of this presentation was to discuss the emerging role of financial entities in determining environmental requirements for international power projects. The paper outlines the following: emerging conditions; examples of announced privatization energy projects by country; types of government and international financial entity sources; problems for IPPs; similarity and differences between the World Bank and the USEPA; comparison of the international standards and regulations for power plants; recent trends/issues involving international power project approval; and recommendations for understanding/expediting the financial entities` environmental approval process and how to expedite this process.

  13. Mobile health requires mobile security: challenges, solutions, and standardization.

    PubMed

    Pharow, Peter; Blobel, Bernd

    2008-01-01

    Extended communication and advanced cooperation in a permanently growing healthcare and welfare domain require a well-defined set of security services provided by an interoperable security infrastructure based on international and European standards. Any communication and collaboration procedure requires a purpose. But such legal purpose-binding is definitely not the only aspect to carefully be observed and investigated. More and more, aspects of security, safety, privacy, ethics, and quality reach importance while discussing about future-proof health information systems and health networks - regardless whether local, regional or even pan-European networks. During the course of the current paradigm change from an organization-centered to a process-related and to a person-centered health system, different new technologies including mobile solutions need to be applied in order to meet challenges arising from both legal and technical circumstances. Beside the typical Information and Communication Technology systems and applications, the extended use of modern technologies includes large medical devices like, e.g., MRI and CT but also small devices like sensors worn by a person or included in clothing. Security and safety are on top of the priority list. The paper addresses the identification of some specific aspects like mobile technology and safety when moving both IT and people towards mobile health aiming at increasing citizens and patients awareness, confidence, and acceptance in future mobile care - a world often still beyond the horizon.

  14. Towards environmental friendly solution-based ZTO/AlOx TFTs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Branquinho, Rita; Salgueiro, Daniela; Santa, Ana; Kiazadeh, Asal; Barquinha, Pedro; Pereira, Luís; Martins, Rodrigo; Fortunato, Elvira

    2015-02-01

    Solution based deposition has been recently considered as a viable option for low-cost flexible electronics. In this context research efforts have been increasingly centred on the development of suitable solution-processed materials for oxide based transistors. Nevertheless, the majority of synthetic routes reported require the use of toxic organic solvents. In this work we report on a new environmental friendly solution combustion synthesis route, using ethanol as solvent, for the preparation of indium/gallium free amorphous zinc-tin oxide (ZTO) thin film transistors (TFTs) including AlOx gate dielectric. The decomposition of ZTO and AlOx precursor solutions, electrical characterization and stability of solution processed ZTO/AlOx TFTs under gate-bias stress, in both air and vacuum atmosphere, were investigated. The devices demonstrated low hysteresis (ΔV = 0.23 V), close to zero turn on voltage, low threshold voltage (VT = 0.36 V) and a saturation mobility of 0.8 cm2 V-1 s-1 at low operation voltages. Ethanol based ZTO/AlOx TFTs are a promising alternative for applications in disposable, low cost and environmental friendly electronics.

  15. Pollution prevention requirements in United States environmental laws

    SciTech Connect

    Thurber, J.; Sherman, P.

    1995-09-01

    This section discusses federal legal authority to require pollution prevention. It presents an overview of the authority to implement pollution prevention that exists in the following major environmental statutes: the Pollution Prevent Act (PPA); the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA); the Clean Air Act (CAA); the Clean Water Act (CWA); the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA); the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).

  16. Review of orders and regulations requiring environmental protection

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, E.; Cunningham, R.; Michael, D.

    1996-09-01

    With the increased awareness of and interest in potential ecological risks associated with past, current, and future Department of Energy (DOE) activities, DOE`s Defense Programs (DP) Office of Technical and Environmental Support sponsored a study to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of the current compliance-driven environmental protection and assessment efforts relative to ecological concerns; (2) explore the need for a more focused, integrated approach to address ecological impacts; and (3) identify the requirements for an integrated approach. The study explored four questions. (a) Which federal regulations and DOE orders either explicitly require ecological assessments or implicitly require them through environmental protection language? (b) What currently is being done at selected DOE facilities to implement these regulations and orders? (c) What are private sector industries doing in terms of ecological risk assessments and how do industry approaches and issues compare with those of DOE? (d) What, if anything, in addition to current efforts is needed to ensure the protection of ecological resources associated with DOE facilities, to support defensible decision making, and to improve efficiency? The results of this study are presented in a report titled {open_quotes}Integrated, Comprehensive Ecological Impact Assessments In Support of Department of Energy Decision Making{close_quotes}. This report is a companion document to that report. This report provides a more detailed discussion of the document reviews of the relevant environmental protection regulations and current and pending DOE orders. The main goal of the document reviews was to understand existing requirements for ecological data collection and impact assessments.

  17. Spatial structures in microtubular solutions requiring a sustained energy source

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tabony, J.; Job, D.

    1990-08-01

    MICROTUBULES are believed to be the principal organizers of the cell interior1. Cells respond to a variety of stimuli by modifying the spatial distribution of the microtubules. These effects are central to cell division and morphogenesis2, and embryo development3. During embryo development, macroscopic patterns are frequently observed3. Here we report that microtubular solutions spontaneously form alternating white and dark stripes about 1 mm wide and 1 cm long. Small-angle neutron scattering measurements show that in each segment the microtubules are aligned obliquely to the direction of the stripe, and that the white and dark stripes differ in having mutually orthogonal orientations. The formation of these structures requires an initial reservoir of organic phosphate. Phosphorus NMR measurements show that the process is accompanied by the energy-liberating conversion of organic to inorganic phosphate. These observations, together with similarities to the dissipative spatial structure formed by the Belousov-Zhabotinski reaction4-6, provide strong evidence that the observed structures are energy-dissipative in nature. Dissipative structures are thought to be critical to the appearence of complex living organisms7,8. Our results strongly suggest that microtubules are capable of forming such structures. Microtubular dissipative structures may occur during mitosis and embryo morphogenesis.

  18. Accounting for environmental flow requirements in global water assessments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pastor, A. V.; Ludwig, F.; Biemans, H.; Hoff, H.; Kabat, P.

    2014-12-01

    As the water requirement for food production and other human needs grows, quantification of environmental flow requirements (EFRs) is necessary to assess the amount of water needed to sustain freshwater ecosystems. EFRs are the result of the quantification of water necessary to sustain the riverine ecosystem, which is calculated from the mean of an environmental flow (EF) method. In this study, five EF methods for calculating EFRs were compared with 11 case studies of locally assessed EFRs. We used three existing methods (Smakhtin, Tennant, and Tessmann) and two newly developed methods (the variable monthly flow method (VMF) and the Q90_Q50 method). All methods were compared globally and validated at local scales while mimicking the natural flow regime. The VMF and the Tessmann methods use algorithms to classify the flow regime into high, intermediate, and low-flow months and they take into account intra-annual variability by allocating EFRs with a percentage of mean monthly flow (MMF). The Q90_Q50 method allocates annual flow quantiles (Q90 and Q50) depending on the flow season. The results showed that, on average, 37% of annual discharge was required to sustain environmental flow requirement. More water is needed for environmental flows during low-flow periods (46-71% of average low-flows) compared to high-flow periods (17-45% of average high-flows). Environmental flow requirements estimates from the Tennant, Q90_Q50, and Smakhtin methods were higher than the locally calculated EFRs for river systems with relatively stable flows and were lower than the locally calculated EFRs for rivers with variable flows. The VMF and Tessmann methods showed the highest correlation with the locally calculated EFRs (R2=0.91). The main difference between the Tessmann and VMF methods is that the Tessmann method allocates all water to EFRs in low-flow periods while the VMF method allocates 60% of the flow in low-flow periods. Thus, other water sectors such as irrigation can withdraw

  19. 10 CFR 51.21 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... regulatory actions requiring environmental assessments. 51.21 Section 51.21 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... assessments. All licensing and regulatory actions subject to this subpart require an environmental assessment... environmental assessment on an action covered by a categorical exclusion. ...

  20. 10 CFR 51.21 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... regulatory actions requiring environmental assessments. 51.21 Section 51.21 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... assessments. All licensing and regulatory actions subject to this subpart require an environmental assessment... environmental assessment on an action covered by a categorical exclusion. ...

  1. 10 CFR 51.21 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... regulatory actions requiring environmental assessments. 51.21 Section 51.21 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... assessments. All licensing and regulatory actions subject to this subpart require an environmental assessment... environmental assessment on an action covered by a categorical exclusion. ...

  2. 10 CFR 51.21 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... regulatory actions requiring environmental assessments. 51.21 Section 51.21 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... assessments. All licensing and regulatory actions subject to this subpart require an environmental assessment... environmental assessment on an action covered by a categorical exclusion. ...

  3. 10 CFR 51.21 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... regulatory actions requiring environmental assessments. 51.21 Section 51.21 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... assessments. All licensing and regulatory actions subject to this subpart require an environmental assessment... environmental assessment on an action covered by a categorical exclusion. ...

  4. Identifying environmental safety and health requirements for the Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corporation

    SciTech Connect

    Beckman, W.H.; Cossel, S.C.; Alhadeff, N.; Porco, D.J.; Lindamood, S.B.; Beers, J.A.

    1994-01-14

    This presentation will describe the Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corporation`s (FERMCO) Standards/Requirements Identification Documents (S/RlDs) Program, the unique process used to implement it, and the status of the program. We will also discuss the lessons learned as the program was implemented. The Department of Energy (DOE) established the Fernald site to produce uranium metals for the nation`s defense programs in 1953. In 1989, DOE suspended production and, in 1991, the mission of the site was formally changed to one of environmental cleanup and restoration. The site was renamed the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP). FERMCO`s mission is to provide safe, early, and least-cost final clean-up of the site in compliance with all regulations and commitments. DOE has managed nuclear facilities primarily through its oversight of Management and Operating contractors. Comprehensive nuclear industry standards were absent when most DOE sites were first established, Management and Operating contractors had to apply existing non-nuclear industry standards and, in many cases, formulate new technical standards. Because it was satisfied with the operation of its facilities, DOE did not incorporate modern practices and standards as they became available. In March 1990, the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board issued Recommendation 90-2, which called for DOE to identify relevant standards and requirements, conduct adequacy assessments of requirements in protecting environmental, public, and worker health and safety, and determine the extent to which the requirements are being implemented. The Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Office of DOE embraced the recommendation for facilities under its control. Strict accountability requirements made it essential that FERMCO and DOE clearly identify applicable requirements necessary, determine the requirements` adequacy, and assess FERMCO`s level of compliance.

  5. Managing and Integrating Open Environmental Data - Technological Requirements and Challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devaraju, Anusuriya; Kunkel, Ralf; Jirka, Simon

    2014-05-01

    Understanding environment conditions and trends requires information. This information is usually generated from sensor observations. Today, several infrastructures (e.g., GEOSS, EarthScope, NEON, NETLAKE, OOI, TERENO, WASCAL, and PEER-EurAqua) have been deployed to promote full and open exchange of environmental data. Standards for interfaces as well as data models/formats (OGC, CUAHSI, INSPIRE, SEE Grid, ISO) and open source tools have been developed to support seamless data exchange between various domains and organizations. In spite of this growing interest, it remains a challenge to manage and integrate open environmental data on the fly due to the distributed and heterogeneous nature of the data. Intuitive tools and standardized interfaces are vital to hide the technical complexity of underlying data management infrastructures. Meaningful descriptions of raw sensor data are necessary to achieve interoperability among different sources. As raw sensor data sets usually goes through several layers of summarization and aggregation, metadata and quality measures associated with these should be captured. Further processing of sensor data sets requires that they should be made compatible with existing environmental models. We need data policies and management plans on how to handle and publish open sensor data coming from different institutions. Clearly, a better management and usability of open environmental data is crucial, not only to gather large amounts of data, but also to cater various aspects such as data integration, privacy and trust, uncertainty, quality control, visualization, and data management policies. The proposed talk presents several key findings in terms of requirements, ongoing developments and technical challenges concerning these aspects from our recent work. This includes two workshops on open observation data and supporting tools, as well as the long-term environmental monitoring initiatives such as TERENO and TERENO-MED. Workshops Details

  6. Oxidized starch solutions for environmentally friendly aircraft deicers.

    PubMed

    Plahuta, Joseph M; Teel, Amy L; Ahmad, Mushtaque; Beutel, Mark W; Rentz, Jeremy A; Watts, Richard J

    2011-09-01

    Deicers currently used for aircraft deicing, including ethylene glycol and propylene glycol, pose significant threats to surface waters, as a result of high biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and toxicity to aquatic organisms. Oxidized starch may provide a less toxic deicer with lower BOD. The freezing point depression of starch formulations oxidized using hydrogen peroxide and catalysts (i.e., catalyzed hydrogen peroxide [H2O2] propagations-CHP) was 28 degrees C, and viscosities similar to those of commercial deicers were achieved after post-treatment with granular activated carbon. The most effective oxidized starch formulation exerted a 5-day BOD up to 6 times lower than glycol deicers (103 versus 400 to 800 g O2/L). Toxicity to Ceriodaphnia dubia for this formulation (48-hour lethal concentration, 50% [LC50] of 2.73 g/L) was greater than pure propylene glycol (13.1 g/ L), but lower than propylene glycol deicer formulations (1.02 g/L). Organic acids were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry as the primary constituents in the oxidized starch solution. The proposed deicing system would provide effective deicing while exerting minimal environmental effects (e.g., lower toxicity to aquatic organisms and lower BOD). Furthermore, these deicers could be made from waste starch, promoting sustainability.

  7. Environmental exposure scenarios: development, challenges and possible solutions.

    PubMed

    Ahrens, Andreas; Traas, Theo P

    2007-12-01

    Under the new REACH system, companies importing, producing and marketing chemical substances will be obliged to register the single substances and to carry out a safety assessment for all identified uses during the life cycle of the substance. This duty will apply to about 10,000 existing substances in the EU market exceeding an annual production or import volume of 10 t per company. If the substance is already known to be dangerous or turns out to be dangerous(1) during the hazard assessment, the registrant is obliged to carry out an exposure assessment and a risk characterisation for all identified uses. The goal of the safety assessment is to define the conditions of use that allow for adequate control of risk with regard to health and safety at the work place, consumer safety and protection of the environment. Once the registrant has established and documented these conditions in the Chemicals Safety Report (CSR), that information is to be communicated down the supply chain by means of the Extended Safety Data Sheet (eSDS). The ultimate aim of the new legislation is to establish duties and mechanisms that systematically prevent or limit exposure to dangerous industrial chemicals. The current paper explains this concept with regard to environmental exposure and highlights the challenges and possible solutions.

  8. 78 FR 14773 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit-Landfill Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... environmental technologies that will outline U.S. approaches to a series of environmental problems and highlight... Toolkit will refer users in foreign markets to U.S. approaches to solving environmental problems and to U... International Trade Administration U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit--Landfill Standards AGENCY...

  9. International evaluation of current and future requirements for environmental engineering education.

    PubMed

    Morgenroth, E; Daigger, G T; Ledin, A; Keller, J

    2004-01-01

    The field of environmental engineering is developing as a result of changing environmental requirements. In response, environmental engineering education (E3) needs to ensure that it provides students with the necessary tools to address these challenges. In this paper the current status and future development of E3 is evaluated based on a questionnaire sent to universities and potential employers of E3 graduates. With increasing demands on environmental quality, the complexity of environmental engineering problems to be solved can be expected to increase. To find solutions environmental engineers will need to work in interdisciplinary teams. Based on the questionnaire there was a broad agreement that the best way to prepare students for these future challenges is to provide them with a fundamental education in basic sciences and related engineering fields. Many exciting developments in the environmental engineering profession will be located at the interface between engineering, science, and society. Aspects of all three areas need to be included in E3 and the student needs to be exposed to the tensions associated with linking the three.

  10. 30 CFR 280.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Obligations Under This Part Environmental Issues § 280.30 What activities will not require environmental... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental... environmental impact and will normally be categorically excluded from additional environmental analysis. The...

  11. 36 CFR 907.11 - Actions that normally require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... environmental assessment. If a proposal or action is not one that normally requires an environmental impact... require an environmental assessment, but not necessarily an environmental impact statement, include: (1) Potential for minor degradation of environmental quality; (2) Potential for cumulative impact...

  12. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirement to consider final environmental impact...-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Final Environmental Impact Statements-General Requirements § 51.94 Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. The final environmental impact statement...

  13. The environmental virtual observatory pilot (EVOp): a cloud solution demonstrating effective science for efficient decisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gurney, R. J.; Emmett, B.; McDonald, A.

    2012-12-01

    Environmental managers and policy makers face a challenging future trying to accommodate growing expectations of environmental well-being, while subject to maturing regulation, constrained budgets and a public scrutiny that expects easier and more meaningful access to data and decision logic. To support such a challenge requires new tools and new approaches. The EVOp is an initiative from the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) designed to deliver proof of concept for these new tools and approaches. A series of exemplar 'big catchment science questions' are posed and the prospects for their solution are assessed. These are then used to develop cloud solutions for serving data, models, visualisation and analysis tools to scientists, regulators, private companies and the public, all of whom have different expectations of what environmental information is important. Approaches are tested regularly with users using SCRUM. The VO vision encompasses seven key ambitions: i. being driven by the need to contribute to the solution of major environmental issues that impinge on, or link to, catchment science ii. having the flexibility and adaptability to address future problems not yet defined or fully clarified iii. being able to communicate issues and solutions to a range of audiences iv. supporting easy access by a variety of users v. drawing meaningful information from data and models and identifying the constraints on application in terms of errors, uncertainties, etc vi. adding value and cost effectiveness to current investigations by supporting transfer and scale adjustment thus limiting the repetition of expensive field monitoring addressing essentially the same issues in varying locations vii. promoting effective interfacing of robust science with a variety of end users by using terminology or measures familiar to the user (or required by regulation), including financial and carbon accounting, whole life or fixed period costing, risk as probability or as

  14. Requirements and Solutions for Archiving Scientific Data at CINES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coutin, Stephane

    Historically an high-performance computing datacenter, the “Centre Informatique National de l’Enseignement Supérieur” (CINES) has also a mission of long term digital preservation. By coupling those two areas, it became obvious that CINES had to understand and take into account the requirements of scientific communities regarding their data life cycle, and more specifically their archiving requirements. We will present those requirements and describe the platforms CINES proposes for each service class.

  15. Drilling site on a national seashore required extra environmental precautions

    SciTech Connect

    Hunt, M.

    1995-11-06

    The comprehensive planning required for a well drilled on a national seashore resulted in a trouble-free operation that minimized effects on a very sensitive environmental area. The procedure for obtaining approval from the National Park Service for this exploration well was very detailed and time consuming. Bright and Co., San Antonio, drilled the Dunn-McCampbell No. 1 on the Padre Island National Seashore in Kleberg County in South Texas earlier this year. Although the federal government owns all surface lands in the National Seashore, the majority of the subsurface oil and gas rights are owned by the Dunn-McCampbell heirs. Development of the private oil and gas rights may occur in the National Seashore area as long as operators comply with National Park Service regulations of Title 36, Code of federal Regulations Part 9, Subpart B. Precautions to contain and collect any discharge of liquids were required because Padre Island has a shallow freshwater aquifer approximately 4 ft below the ground surface. The water from the aquifer collects in shallow ponds on the island and is the main source of drinking water for wildlife there. Therefore, the National Park Service requires groundwater monitoring wells at the production facility site to determine if any contaminants enter the groundwater.

  16. Advanced Environmental Monitoring and Control Program: Technology Development Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jan, Darrell (Editor); Seshan, Panchalam (Editor); Ganapathi, Gani (Editor); Schmidt, Gregory (Editor); Doarn, Charles (Editor)

    1996-01-01

    Human missions in space, from the International Space Station on towards potential human exploration of the moon, Mars and beyond into the solar system, will require advanced systems to maintain an environment that supports human life. These systems will have to recycle air and water for many months or years at a time, and avoid harmful chemical or microbial contamination. NASA's Advanced Environmental Monitoring and Control program has the mission of providing future spacecraft with advanced, integrated networks of microminiaturized sensors to accurately determine and control the physical, chemical and biological environment of the crew living areas. This document sets out the current state of knowledge for requirements for monitoring the crew environment, based on (1) crew health, and (2) life support monitoring systems. Both areas are updated continuously through research and space mission experience. The technologies developed must meet the needs of future life support systems and of crew health monitoring. These technologies must be inexpensive and lightweight, and use few resources. Using these requirements to continue to push the state of the art in miniaturized sensor and control systems will produce revolutionary technologies to enable detailed knowledge of the crew environment.

  17. Environmental management requirements/defensible costs project. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1996-02-01

    Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company (LITCO) used a systems engineering approach to develop the first formal requirements baseline for Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Environmental Management (EM) Programs. The recently signed Settlement Agreement with the State of Idaho (Batt Agreement), along with dramatically reduced EM funding targets from Department of Energy (DOE) headquarters, drove the immediacy of this effort. Programs have linked top-level requirements to work scope to cost estimates. All EM work, grouped by decision units, was scrubbed by INEL EM programs and by an independent {open_quotes}Murder Board.{close_quotes} Direct participation of upper level management from LITCO and the DOE-Idaho Operations Office ensured best information and decisions. The result is a scrubbed down, defensible budget tied to top-level requirements for use in the upcoming DOE-Headquarters` budget workout, the Internal Review Board, the FY98 Activity Data Sheets submittal, and preparation of the FY97 control accounts and out-year plans. In addition to the remarkable accomplishments during the past eight weeks, major issues were identified and documented and follow-on tasks are underway which will lead to further improvements in INEL EM program management.

  18. CADDIS Volume 4. Data Analysis: Biological and Environmental Data Requirements

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Overview of PECBO Module, using scripts to infer environmental conditions from biological observations, statistically estimating species-environment relationships, methods for inferring environmental conditions, statistical scripts in module.

  19. Environmental Problems, Causes, and Solutions: An Open Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Negev, Maya; Garb, Yaakov; Biller, Roni; Sagy, Gonen; Tal, Alon

    2010-01-01

    In a national evaluation of environmental literacy in Israel, (Negev, Sagy, Garb, Salzberg, & Tal, 2008), the authors included both multiple choice questions and open questions. In this article the authors describe the qualitative analysis of the answers to an open question regarding a local environmental problem. Most participants specified…

  20. Environmental Problems, Causes, and Solutions: An Open Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Negev, Maya; Garb, Yaakov; Biller, Roni; Sagy, Gonen; Tal, Alon

    2010-01-01

    In a national evaluation of environmental literacy in Israel, (Negev, Sagy, Garb, Salzberg, & Tal, 2008), the authors included both multiple choice questions and open questions. In this article the authors describe the qualitative analysis of the answers to an open question regarding a local environmental problem. Most participants specified…

  1. 78 FR 14774 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit-Universal Waste

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... technologies that will outline U.S. approaches to a series of environmental problems and highlight... Toolkit will refer users in foreign markets to U.S. approaches to solving environmental problems and to U... International Trade Administration U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit--Universal Waste AGENCY: International...

  2. 78 FR 14773 - U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit-Medical Waste

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... technologies that will outline U.S. approaches to a series of environmental problems and highlight... Toolkit will refer users in foreign markets to U.S. approaches to solving environmental problems and to U... International Trade Administration U.S. Environmental Solutions Toolkit--Medical Waste AGENCY: International...

  3. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring Environmental Consideration § 25.22 Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement....

  4. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring Environmental Consideration § 25.22 Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement. (a...

  5. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Final Environmental Impact Statements-General Requirements § 51.94 Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. The final environmental impact statement... appropriate adjudicatory or rulemaking proceeding. final environmental impact statements—production and...

  6. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Final Environmental Impact Statements-General Requirements § 51.94 Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. The final environmental impact statement... appropriate adjudicatory or rulemaking proceeding. final environmental impact statements—production and...

  7. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Final Environmental Impact Statements-General Requirements § 51.94 Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. The final environmental impact statement... appropriate adjudicatory or rulemaking proceeding. final environmental impact statements—production and...

  8. 10 CFR 51.94 - Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Final Environmental Impact Statements-General Requirements § 51.94 Requirement to consider final environmental impact statement. The final environmental impact statement... appropriate adjudicatory or rulemaking proceeding. final environmental impact statements—production and...

  9. 12 CFR 1815.111 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY § 1815.111 Actions that require an environmental assessment... exclusion, the Fund shall prepare, or have prepared, an environmental assessment. ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Actions that require an environmental...

  10. 12 CFR 1815.111 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY § 1815.111 Actions that require an environmental assessment... exclusion, the Fund shall prepare, or have prepared, an environmental assessment. ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Actions that require an environmental...

  11. 12 CFR 1815.111 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY § 1815.111 Actions that require an environmental assessment... exclusion, the Fund shall prepare, or have prepared, an environmental assessment. ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Actions that require an environmental...

  12. 12 CFR 1815.111 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY § 1815.111 Actions that require an environmental assessment... exclusion, the Fund shall prepare, or have prepared, an environmental assessment. ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Actions that require an environmental...

  13. 12 CFR 1815.111 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY § 1815.111 Actions that require an environmental assessment... exclusion, the Fund shall prepare, or have prepared, an environmental assessment. ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Actions that require an environmental...

  14. Accounting for environmental flow requirements in global water assessments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pastor, A. V.; Ludwig, F.; Biemans, H.; Hoff, H.; Kabat, P.

    2013-12-01

    With growing water needs for food production, it is necessary to improve the quantification of "Environmental Flow Requirements (EFRs)" to secure enough water for the freshwater ecosystems. In this study, five methods for calculating EFRs were compared to 11 case studies of locally-calculated EFRs. Three of the methods already existed (Smakhtin, Tennant and Tessmann) and two were developed in this study (the Variable Monthly Flow method and the Q90_Q50 method). The Variable Monthly Flow (VFM) method mimics for the first time the natural flow regimes while being "validated" at global and local scales. The VFM uses algorithms to classify flow regime into high, intermediate and low-flow months to take into account intra-annual variability by allocating EFRs with a percentage of mean monthly flow (MMF). The Q90_Q50 method allocates annual flow quantiles (Q50 and Q90) depending on the flow season. The results showed that, over all methods, 37% of annual discharge was allocated to "Nature" with a higher pressure on low flow requirements (LFR = 46% to 71% of average low flows) than on high flow requirements (HFR = 17% to 45% of average high flows). Environmental flow methods using fixed annual thresholds such as Tennant, Q90_Q50 and Smakhtin seemed to overestimate EFRs of stable flow regimes and underestimate EFRs of variable flow regimes. VFM and Tessmann methods showed the highest correlation with the locally-calculated EFRs (R2 = 0.91). The main difference between the Tessmann and VFM methods is that Tessmann method does not allow any water withdrawals during the low-flow season. Those five methods were tested within the global vegetation and hydrological model LPJml. The calculated global annual EFRs for "fair" ecological conditions represent between 25 to 46% of mean annual flow (MAF). Variable flow regimes such as the Nile have lower EFRs (ranging from 12 to 48% of MAF) than stable tropical regimes such as the Amazon (EFRs ranging from 30 to 67% of MAF).

  15. Detecting Chemical Weapons: Threats, Requirements, Solutions, and Future Challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boso, Brian

    2011-03-01

    Although chemicals have been reportedly used as weapons for thousands of years, it was not until 1915 at Ypres, France that an industrial chemical, chlorine, was used in World War I as an offensive weapon in significant quantity, causing mass casualties. From that point until today the development, detection, production and protection from chemical weapons has be an organized endeavor of many of the world's armed forces and in more recent times, non-governmental terrorist organizations. The number of Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs) has steadily increased as research into more toxic substances continued for most of the 20 th century. Today there are over 70 substances including harassing agents like tear gas, incapacitating agents, and lethal agents like blister, blood, chocking, and nerve agents. The requirements for detecting chemical weapons vary depending on the context in which they are encountered and the concept of operation of the organization deploying the detection equipment. The US DoD, for example, has as a requirement, that US forces be able to continue their mission, even in the event of a chemical attack. This places stringent requirements on detection equipment. It must be lightweight (<2 lbs), detect a large array of chemical warfare agents and toxic industrial chemicals, detect and warn at concentration levels and time duration to prevent acute health effects, meet military ruggedness specifications and work over a wide range of temperature and humidity, and have a very high probability of detection with a similarly low probability of false positives. The current technology of choice to meet these stringent requirements is Ion Mobility Spectrometry. Many technologies are capable of detecting chemicals at the trace levels required and have been extensively developed for this application, including, but not limited to: mass spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, RAMAN spectroscopy, MEMs micro-cantilever sensors, surface acoustic wave sensors, differential

  16. 32 CFR Enclosure 1 - Requirements for Environmental Considerations-Global Commons

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirements for Environmental Considerations... ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ABROAD OF MAJOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACTIONS Information requirements. Pt. 187, Encl. 1 Enclosure 1—Requirements for Environmental Considerations—Global Commons A. General. This...

  17. Trust and Privacy Solutions Based on Holistic Service Requirements.

    PubMed

    Sánchez Alcón, José Antonio; López, Lourdes; Martínez, José-Fernán; Rubio Cifuentes, Gregorio

    2015-12-24

    The products and services designed for Smart Cities provide the necessary tools to improve the management of modern cities in a more efficient way. These tools need to gather citizens' information about their activity, preferences, habits, etc. opening up the possibility of tracking them. Thus, privacy and security policies must be developed in order to satisfy and manage the legislative heterogeneity surrounding the services provided and comply with the laws of the country where they are provided. This paper presents one of the possible solutions to manage this heterogeneity, bearing in mind these types of networks, such as Wireless Sensor Networks, have important resource limitations. A knowledge and ontology management system is proposed to facilitate the collaboration between the business, legal and technological areas. This will ease the implementation of adequate specific security and privacy policies for a given service. All these security and privacy policies are based on the information provided by the deployed platforms and by expert system processing.

  18. Trust and Privacy Solutions Based on Holistic Service Requirements

    PubMed Central

    Sánchez Alcón, José Antonio; López, Lourdes; Martínez, José-Fernán; Rubio Cifuentes, Gregorio

    2015-01-01

    The products and services designed for Smart Cities provide the necessary tools to improve the management of modern cities in a more efficient way. These tools need to gather citizens’ information about their activity, preferences, habits, etc. opening up the possibility of tracking them. Thus, privacy and security policies must be developed in order to satisfy and manage the legislative heterogeneity surrounding the services provided and comply with the laws of the country where they are provided. This paper presents one of the possible solutions to manage this heterogeneity, bearing in mind these types of networks, such as Wireless Sensor Networks, have important resource limitations. A knowledge and ontology management system is proposed to facilitate the collaboration between the business, legal and technological areas. This will ease the implementation of adequate specific security and privacy policies for a given service. All these security and privacy policies are based on the information provided by the deployed platforms and by expert system processing. PMID:26712752

  19. Environmental sustainability in the intensive care unit: challenges and solutions.

    PubMed

    Huffling, Katie; Schenk, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    In acute care practice sites, the intensive care unit (ICU) is one of the most resource-intense environments. Replete with energy-intensive equipment, significant waste production, and multiple toxic chemicals, ICUs contribute to environmental harm and may inadvertently have a negative impact on the health of patients, staff, and visitors. This article evaluates the ICU on four areas of environmental sustainability: energy, waste, toxic chemicals, and healing environment and provides concrete actions ICU nurses can take to decrease environmental health risks in the ICU. Case studies of nurses making changes within their hospital practice are also highlighted, as well as resources for nurses starting to make changes at their health care institutions.

  20. 40 CFR 6.403 - Environmental review and assessment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... study. EPA shall afford the affected foreign nation or international body or organization an opportunity... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Environmental review and assessment... OF EPA ACTIONS Assessing the Environmental Effects Abroad of EPA Actions § 6.403 Environmental...

  1. Holographic Storage as a Solution to Space Imaging Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Halem, Milton

    1998-01-01

    The data growth experienced in the recent past has been of staggering proportions. Over the past 10 years, tape data storage density (with the same form factor) has increased according to Moore's law, doubling every 18 months. However, during the same period, data transfer speeds have only increased at a rate of about 1.3 times every 18 months, and thus have fallen behind data density growth rates by a factor of at least 3. Coupled with data media density growth, data storage requirements have gone up significantly. According to a recent Computer Technology Review article (March 1998) the total storage at a typical Fortune 1000 site is projected to escalate from just 10 TB in 1997 to 1 PB by the year 2000. In the next 5 years, a typical large database system for U.S. government agencies is expected to accept 5 TB per day, maintain 300 TB on-line (within 15 seconds to 1 minute access time), and archive from 15 to 100 PB. Additionally, data intensive programs such as NASA's Earth Observation System (EOS) and the intelligence data archival systems at the Rome Air Development Center, and scientific laboratories such as Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility will have enormously large scientific databases with very large storage requirements.

  2. Changing requirements and solutions for unattended ground sensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prado, Gervasio; Johnson, Robert

    2007-10-01

    Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) were first used to monitor Viet Cong activity along the Ho Chi Minh Trail in the 1960's. In the 1980's, significant improvement in the capabilities of UGS became possible with the development of digital signal processors; this led to their use as fire control devices for smart munitions (for example: the Wide Area Mine) and later to monitor the movements of mobile missile launchers. In these applications, the targets of interest were large military vehicles with strong acoustic, seismic and magnetic signatures. Currently, the requirements imposed by new terrorist threats and illegal border crossings have changed the emphasis to the monitoring of light vehicles and foot traffic. These new requirements have changed the way UGS are used. To improve performance against targets with lower emissions, sensors are used in multi-modal arrangements. Non-imaging sensors (acoustic, seismic, magnetic and passive infrared) are now being used principally as activity sensors to cue imagers and remote cameras. The availability of better imaging technology has made imagers the preferred source of "actionable intelligence". Infrared cameras are now based on un-cooled detector-arrays that have made their application in UGS possible in terms of their cost and power consumption. Visible light imagers are also more sensitive extending their utility well beyond twilight. The imagers are equipped with sophisticated image processing capabilities (image enhancement, moving target detection and tracking, image compression). Various commercial satellite services now provide relatively inexpensive long-range communications and the Internet provides fast worldwide access to the data.

  3. Community-driven Environmental Solutions in EPA’s Pacific Southwest Region

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This fact sheet describes accomplishments in community-driven environmental Solutions in EPA’s Pacific Southwest Region, including Imperial Valley (CA), American Samoa, Las Vegas Valley (NV), Gila River Indian Community (AZ) and Gilroy (CA).

  4. The future of irrigated agriculture under environmental flow requirements restrictions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pastor, Amandine; Palazzo, Amanda; Havlik, Petr; Kabat, Pavel; Obersteiner, Michael; Ludwig, Fulco

    2016-04-01

    Water is not an infinite resource and demand from irrigation, household and industry is constantly increasing. This study focused on including global water availability including environmental flow requirements with water withdrawal from irrigation and other sectors at a monthly time-step in the GLOBIOM model. This model allows re-adjustment of land-use allocation, crop management, consumption and international trade. The GLOBIOM model induces an endogenous change in water price depending on water supply and demand. In this study, the focus was on how the inclusion of water resources affects land-use and, in particular, how global change will influence repartition of irrigated and rainfed lands at global scale. We used the climate change scenario including a radiative forcing of 8.5 W/m2 (RCP8.5), the socio-economic scenario (SSP2: middle-of-road), and the environmental flow method based on monthly flow allocation (the Variable Monthly Flow method) with high and low restrictions. Irrigation withdrawals were adjusted to a monthly time-step to account for biophysical water limitations at finer time resolution. Our results show that irrigated land might decrease up to 40% on average depending on the choice of EFR restrictions. Several areas were identified as future hot-spots of water stress such as the Mediterranean and Middle-East regions. Other countries were identified to be in safe position in terms of water stress such as North-European countries. Re-allocation of rainfed and irrigated land might be useful information for land-use planners and water managers at an international level to decide on appropriate legislations on climate change mitigation/adaptation when exposure and sensitivity to climate change is high and/or on adaptation measures to face increasing water demand. For example, some countries are likely to adopt measures to increase their water use efficiencies (irrigation system, soil and water conservation practices) to face water shortages, while

  5. Prospects for microbiological solutions to environmental pollution with plastics.

    PubMed

    Krueger, Martin C; Harms, Hauke; Schlosser, Dietmar

    2015-11-01

    Synthetic polymers, commonly named plastics, are among the most widespread anthropogenic pollutants of marine, limnic and terrestrial ecosystems. Disruptive effects of plastics are known to threaten wildlife and exert effects on natural food webs, but signs for and knowledge on plastic biodegradation are limited. Microorganisms are the most promising candidates for an eventual bioremediation of environmental plastics. Laboratory studies have reported various effects of microorganisms on many types of polymers, usually by enzymatic hydrolysis or oxidation. However, most common plastics have proved to be highly recalcitrant even under conditions known to favour microbial degradation. Knowledge on environmental degradation is yet scarcer. With this review, we provide a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge on microbiological degradation of several of the most common plastic types. Furthermore, we illustrate the analytical challenges concerning the evaluation of plastic biodegradation as well as constraints likely standing against the evolution of effective biodegradation pathways.

  6. RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH INTERVENTIONS: ETHICAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

    PubMed Central

    RESNIK, DAVID B.; ZELDIN, DARRYL C.; SHARP, RICHARD R.

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews a variety of ethical issues one must consider when conducting research on environmental health interventions on human subjects. The paper uses the Kennedy Krieger Institute lead abatement study as well as a hypothetical asthma study to discuss questions concerning benefits and risks, risk minimization, safety monitoring, the duty to warn, the duty to report, the use of control groups, informed consent, equitable subject selection, privacy, conflicts of interest, and community consultation. Research on environmental health interventions can make an important contribution to our understanding of human health and disease prevention, provided it is conducted in a manner that meets prevailing scientific, ethical, and legal standards for research on human subjects. PMID:16220621

  7. An environmental and economical solution to sound absorption using straw

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McGinnes, Courtney; Kleiner, Mendel; Xiang, Ning

    2005-09-01

    The growing attentiveness to using environmentally friendly materials in the building construction industry as a whole has led many architects to research the use of natural materials. Natural fibers, such as straw, are advantageous due to their accessibility, ease of processing, and their ability to be discarded with a lesser environmental impact through biodegradability. While the material focus may have shifted, the need for quality acoustic environments has remained the same. In a set of preliminary studies, the absorption coefficients of sound absorbers using natural fibers have been proven to have comparable values relative to other highly absorptive, nonenvironmentally friendly materials such as mineral wool and fiberglass. The absorption coefficients were evaluated for octave and third-octave frequencies (125 to 4000 Hz) using the impedance tube method with one microphone. While these absorbers may be acoustically effective as well as environmentally friendly, there may be potential concerns in using natural fibers such as their life span, fire rating, and potential health risks, i.e., disposal techniques, allergenic reactions, and insect and fungus infestation.

  8. Nursing shortage requires lasting solution, not a quick fix.

    PubMed

    Beyers, M; Damore, J F

    1987-05-01

    The current nursing shortage is different from previous ones because downsizing of acute care hospitals, decentralization through service or product line organizational structures, and development of alternative delivery modes have changed both organizations' and health professionals' roles and functions. In today's changing, tightly controlled health care environment, a nursing shortage would be far more serious than previously. Nursing resource planning must take into account the future health care delivery system and concomitant needs for specific numbers and types of nurses. Long-range planning for the nursing shortage must incorporate short-term activities to solve immediate staffing problems within the broader context of strategic change. In the future, attenuated growth of acute care facilities and continued development of care delivery in noninstitutional settings will affect nursing care and change both its clinical and management elements. Planning to meet future requirements for patient care services is focused on four target areas: Ensuring that the nursing staff is qualified for current practice and new services. Developing the nurse's role as patient case manager in the managed health care system. Establishing rewarding careers for nurses in clinical roles, management roles, and other specialized functions. Collaborating with nursing schools in clinical practice, research, and joint ventures. Planning to promote nurses' satisfaction in a variety of organizational settings includes the following: Developing ways to use nursing staff more effectively. Evaluating organizational factors that promote high-quality care. Developing efficient and effective health care teams. Establishing forums for promoting change.

  9. Environmental Response Laboratory Network (ERLN) Data Submission Requirements

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    These Environmental Response Laboratory Network specifications are essential to the mission of providing consistent analytical data of know and documented quality for each Analytical Service Request (ASR).

  10. 7 CFR 3407.7 - Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental...) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 3407.7 Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment. The...

  11. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. 3407.8 Section 3407.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 3407.8 Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An...

  12. 40 CFR 1505.2 - Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements. 1505.2 Section 1505.2 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY NEPA AND AGENCY DECISIONMAKING § 1505.2 Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact...

  13. 30 CFR 280.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Obligations Under This Part Environmental Issues § 280.30 What activities will not require environmental analysis? We anticipate that activities of the type listed below... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental...

  14. Technical guidance document for environmental requirements of commercial OTEC licensing regulations (15 CFR Part 981)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-09-01

    This document provides a potential OTEC applicant with the insights believed needed to satisfy the environmental information requirements of the regulations for licensing commercial OTEC facilities and plantships. This information should be used by applicants to define the site-specific details of the needed environmental assessment, and the details should then form a basis for pre-application consultations on the environmental requirements.

  15. 36 CFR 907.11 - Actions that normally require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... assessment or an environmental assessment and an EIS is required to be prepared. (8) Proposed construction of... an environmental assessment. 907.11 Section 907.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY § 907.11 Actions that normally require an...

  16. 36 CFR 223.30 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.30 Section 223.30 Parks, Forests, and Public... Provisions § 223.30 Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. The... Forest timber disposal is consistent with applicable land and resource management plans and environmental...

  17. 36 CFR 223.30 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.30 Section 223.30 Parks, Forests, and Public... Provisions § 223.30 Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. The... Forest timber disposal is consistent with applicable land and resource management plans and environmental...

  18. 38 CFR Appendix B to Part 200 - The Action Requiring an Environmental Assessment

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Environmental Assessment B Appendix B to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES...—The Action Requiring an Environmental Assessment The following actions are not considered to be major... and would require the preparation of an Environmental Assessment (EA): B.1Construction on previously...

  19. 40 CFR 1505.2 - Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... environmental impact statements. 1505.2 Section 1505.2 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY NEPA AND AGENCY DECISIONMAKING § 1505.2 Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact... entered into its decision. (c) State whether all practicable means to avoid or minimize environmental...

  20. Collaboration Results - Applying Technical Solutions To Environmental Remediation Problems

    SciTech Connect

    Boyd, G.; Fiore, J.; Walker, J.; DeRemer, C.; Wight, E.

    2002-02-26

    Within the Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (EM), the Office of Science and Technology (OST) identifies and develops innovative technologies that accelerate cleanup of high-priority environmental contamination problems and enable EM closure sites to meet closure schedules. OST manages an integrated research and development program that is essential to completing timely and cost-effective cleanup and stewardship of DOE sites. While innovative technologies can make significant contributions to the cleanup process, in some cases, EM has encountered unexpected barriers to their implementation. Technical obstacles are expected, but administrative challenges-such as regulatory, organizational, and stakeholder issues-must also be addressed. OST has found that collaborative needs identification and problem solving are essential components in overcoming these barriers. Collaboration helps EM meet its cleanup goals, close sites, and reduce the overall cost of cleanup at DOE sites nationwide. This paper presents examples of OST's collaboration efforts that expedite site closure and solve specific cleanup problems at EM sites.

  1. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring... the human environment. ...

  2. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring... the human environment. ...

  3. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring... the human environment. ...

  4. Predicting environmental mitigation requirements for hydropower projects through the integration of biophysical and socio-political geographies

    DOE PAGES

    Bevelhimer, Mark S.; DeRolph, Christopher R.; Schramm, Michael P.

    2016-06-06

    Uncertainty about environmental mitigation needs at existing and proposed hydropower projects makes it difficult for stakeholders to minimize environmental impacts. Hydropower developers and operators desire tools to better anticipate mitigation requirements, while natural resource managers and regulators need tools to evaluate different mitigation scenarios and order effective mitigation. Here we sought to examine the feasibility of using a suite of multidisciplinary explanatory variables within a spatially explicit modeling framework to fit predictive models for future environmental mitigation requirements at hydropower projects across the conterminous U.S. Using a database comprised of mitigation requirements from more than 300 hydropower project licenses, wemore » were able to successfully fit models for nearly 50 types of environmental mitigation and to apply the predictive models to a set of more than 500 non-powered dams identified as having hydropower potential. The results demonstrate that mitigation requirements have been a result of a range of factors, from biological and hydrological to political and cultural. Furthermore, project developers can use these models to inform cost projections and design considerations, while regulators can use the models to more quickly identify likely environmental issues and potential solutions, hopefully resulting in more timely and more effective decisions on environmental mitigation.« less

  5. Predicting environmental mitigation requirements for hydropower projects through the integration of biophysical and socio-political geographies

    SciTech Connect

    Bevelhimer, Mark S.; DeRolph, Christopher R.; Schramm, Michael P.

    2016-06-06

    Uncertainty about environmental mitigation needs at existing and proposed hydropower projects makes it difficult for stakeholders to minimize environmental impacts. Hydropower developers and operators desire tools to better anticipate mitigation requirements, while natural resource managers and regulators need tools to evaluate different mitigation scenarios and order effective mitigation. Here we sought to examine the feasibility of using a suite of multidisciplinary explanatory variables within a spatially explicit modeling framework to fit predictive models for future environmental mitigation requirements at hydropower projects across the conterminous U.S. Using a database comprised of mitigation requirements from more than 300 hydropower project licenses, we were able to successfully fit models for nearly 50 types of environmental mitigation and to apply the predictive models to a set of more than 500 non-powered dams identified as having hydropower potential. The results demonstrate that mitigation requirements have been a result of a range of factors, from biological and hydrological to political and cultural. Furthermore, project developers can use these models to inform cost projections and design considerations, while regulators can use the models to more quickly identify likely environmental issues and potential solutions, hopefully resulting in more timely and more effective decisions on environmental mitigation.

  6. Predicting environmental mitigation requirements for hydropower projects through the integration of biophysical and socio-political geographies.

    PubMed

    DeRolph, Christopher R; Schramm, Michael P; Bevelhimer, Mark S

    2016-10-01

    Uncertainty about environmental mitigation needs at existing and proposed hydropower projects makes it difficult for stakeholders to minimize environmental impacts. Hydropower developers and operators desire tools to better anticipate mitigation requirements, while natural resource managers and regulators need tools to evaluate different mitigation scenarios and order effective mitigation. Here we sought to examine the feasibility of using a suite of multi-faceted explanatory variables within a spatially explicit modeling framework to fit predictive models for future environmental mitigation requirements at hydropower projects across the conterminous U.S. Using a database comprised of mitigation requirements from more than 300 hydropower project licenses, we were able to successfully fit models for nearly 50 types of environmental mitigation and to apply the predictive models to a set of more than 500 non-powered dams identified as having hydropower potential. The results demonstrate that mitigation requirements are functions of a range of factors, from biophysical to socio-political. Project developers can use these models to inform cost projections and design considerations, while regulators can use the models to more quickly identify likely environmental issues and potential solutions, hopefully resulting in more timely and more effective decisions on environmental mitigation.

  7. Predicting environmental mitigation requirements for hydropower projects through the integration of biophysical and socio-political geographies

    SciTech Connect

    Bevelhimer, Mark S.; DeRolph, Christopher R.; Schramm, Michael P.

    2016-06-06

    Uncertainty about environmental mitigation needs at existing and proposed hydropower projects makes it difficult for stakeholders to minimize environmental impacts. Hydropower developers and operators desire tools to better anticipate mitigation requirements, while natural resource managers and regulators need tools to evaluate different mitigation scenarios and order effective mitigation. Here we sought to examine the feasibility of using a suite of multidisciplinary explanatory variables within a spatially explicit modeling framework to fit predictive models for future environmental mitigation requirements at hydropower projects across the conterminous U.S. Using a database comprised of mitigation requirements from more than 300 hydropower project licenses, we were able to successfully fit models for nearly 50 types of environmental mitigation and to apply the predictive models to a set of more than 500 non-powered dams identified as having hydropower potential. The results demonstrate that mitigation requirements have been a result of a range of factors, from biological and hydrological to political and cultural. Furthermore, project developers can use these models to inform cost projections and design considerations, while regulators can use the models to more quickly identify likely environmental issues and potential solutions, hopefully resulting in more timely and more effective decisions on environmental mitigation.

  8. Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research

    SciTech Connect

    DOE Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Program Office ,

    2009-09-30

    In May 2009, NERSC, DOE's Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR), and DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) held a workshop to characterize HPC requirements for BER-funded research over the subsequent three to five years. The workshop revealed several key points, in addition to achieving its goal of collecting and characterizing computing requirements. Chief among them: scientific progress in BER-funded research is limited by current allocations of computational resources. Additionally, growth in mission-critical computing -- combined with new requirements for collaborative data manipulation and analysis -- will demand ever increasing computing, storage, network, visualization, reliability and service richness from NERSC. This report expands upon these key points and adds others. It also presents a number of"case studies" as significant representative samples of the needs of science teams within BER. Workshop participants were asked to codify their requirements in this"case study" format, summarizing their science goals, methods of solution, current and 3-5 year computing requirements, and special software and support needs. Participants were also asked to describe their strategy for computing in the highly parallel,"multi-core" environment that is expected to dominate HPC architectures over the next few years.

  9. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also...

  10. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also...

  11. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also...

  12. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also...

  13. 40 CFR 35.3140 - Environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3140 Environmental... nonpoint source pollution control (section 319) and estuary protection (section 320) projects that are also...

  14. Environmental management for dredging sediments - the requirement of developing nations.

    PubMed

    Manap, Norpadzlihatun; Voulvoulis, Nikolaos

    2015-01-01

    Scientific research has characterized the effects of dredging, an underwater excavation process for navigational purposes or material extraction, and has shown its association with a number of chemical, physical and biological impacts. Due to this, much environmental management has been applied in the dredging industry in order to manage its detrimental effects. However, developing nations may have different approaches towards their dredging environmental management to compare to their companions with higher economic strength. Moreover, scientific evidence to make an informed decision is often lacking, hence affecting the number of research executed at these nations, limiting their efforts to preserve the environment. This paper reviews the dredging environmental impacts and its two important factors, dredging technology and sediment characteristic, that determine the magnitude of impacts through literature review, and discusses the need for a more integrated dredging environmental management to be developed for developing nations.

  15. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... human environment, including those specified in § 3407.6(b). ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact... Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An EIS normally will be required for major...

  16. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... human environment, including those specified in § 3407.6(b). ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact... Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An EIS normally will be required for major...

  17. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An EIS normally will be required for major... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. 3407.8 Section 3407.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued...

  18. 7 CFR 3407.8 - Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. An EIS normally will be required for major... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental impact statement. 3407.8 Section 3407.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued...

  19. 7 CFR 3407.7 - Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment. The following actions normally will require an EA... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment. 3407.7 Section 3407.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued...

  20. 7 CFR 3407.7 - Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment. The following actions normally will require an EA... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Actions normally requiring an environmental assessment. 3407.7 Section 3407.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued...

  1. Solution-derived photocatalytic films for environmental cleaning applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lavrenčič Štangar, U.; Kete, M.; Šuligoj, A.; Tasbihi, M.

    2012-02-01

    When photocatalytic water treatment is concerned, suspended catalyst in the aqueous phase is usually more efficient than immobilized on an inert support, but in the former case an undesirable separation/recycling step is needed. We have therefore concentrated on the preparation of immobilized catalysts in the form of films on glass and aluminium supports. The low-temperature sol-gel processing route to obtain transparent thin TiO2/SiO2 films for self-cleaning purposes and thicker TiO2/SiO2 coatings for efficient removal of pollutants in water and air are presented. The synthesis is based on a production of a nanocrystalline titania sol with a silica binder that after deposition does not require thermal treatment at high temperatures. Depending on the target application, some specific synthesis parameters and photocatalytic activity testing conditions are illustrated. For water-cleaning coatings fast kinetics is required, which was achieved by addition of a highly active titania powder into the sol. The same preparation procedure was used to prepare efficient air-cleaning coatings. On the other hand, self-cleaning films were thinner and transparent to keep the original appearance of the substrate and they solidified at ambient conditions. Advanced methodologies to evaluate photocatalytic activity of the films were applied.

  2. 10 CFR 504.9 - Environmental requirements for certifying powerplants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... review and prepare an EA or EIS, as appropriate, and who does not have a financial or other interest in... any conflict of interest, financial or otherwise, in the outcome of either the environmental process... approve the information to be developed and supervise the gathering, analysis and presentation of...

  3. 14 CFR 1216.320 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... properties which may be eligible for the National Register within the area of the potential impact of a NASA proposed action. Evaluation of the impact of the NASA action on such properties shall be discussed in draft... peculiar to NASA, if any, may be identified in the NASA environmental impact implementation handbook....

  4. 40 CFR 1502.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661 et seq.), the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other environmental review laws...

  5. 40 CFR 1502.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661 et seq.), the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other environmental review laws...

  6. 40 CFR 1502.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661 et seq.), the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other environmental review laws...

  7. 40 CFR 1502.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661 et seq.), the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other environmental review laws...

  8. 40 CFR 1502.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661 et seq.), the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other environmental review laws...

  9. 36 CFR 228.8 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... runoff; (3) Isolation, removal or control of toxic materials; (4) Reshaping and revegetation of disturbed... surface resources, including the following requirements: (a) Air Quality. Operator shall comply with applicable Federal and State air quality standards, including the requirements of the Clean Air Act,...

  10. 36 CFR 228.8 - Requirements for environmental protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... runoff; (3) Isolation, removal or control of toxic materials; (4) Reshaping and revegetation of disturbed... surface resources, including the following requirements: (a) Air Quality. Operator shall comply with applicable Federal and State air quality standards, including the requirements of the Clean Air Act,...

  11. 43 CFR 10010.36 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) UTAH RECLAMATION MITIGATION AND CONSERVATION COMMISSION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR IMPLEMENTING THE... consultation requirements pursuant to other federal or state laws and regulations and will make this available... comply with the requirements of other federal or state laws and regulations, the associated...

  12. 10 CFR 1021.321 - Requirements for environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... to prepare an EA. As required by 40 CFR 1501.4(b), DOE shall prepare an EA for a proposed DOE action... to subpart D, except that an EA is not required if DOE has decided to prepare an EIS. DOE may prepare an EA on any action at any time in order to assist agency planning and decisionmaking. (b)...

  13. Low cost environmental sensors for Spaceflight : NMP Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrett, Henry B.; Buelher, Martin G.; Brinza, D.; Patel, J. U.

    2005-01-01

    An outstanding problem in spaceflight is the lack of adequate sensors for monitoring the space environment and its effects on engineering systems. By adequate, we mean low cost in terms of mission impact (e.g., low price, low mass/size, low power, low data rate, and low design impact). The New Millennium Program (NMP) is investigating the development of such a low-cost Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) package for inclusion on its technology validation flights. This effort follows from the need by NMP to characterize the space environment during testing so that potential users can extrapolate the test results to end-use conditions. The immediate objective of this effort is to develop a small diagnostic sensor package that could be obtained from commercial sources. Environments being considered are: contamination, atomic oxygen, ionizing radiation, cosmic radiation, EMI, and temperature. This talk describes the requirements and rational for selecting these environments and reviews a preliminary design that includes a micro-controller data logger with data storage and interfaces to the sensors and spacecraft. If successful, such a sensor package could be the basis of a unique, long term program for monitoring the effects of the space environment on spacecraft systems.

  14. Low Cost Environmental Sensors for Spaceflight: NMP Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrett, Henry B.; Buehler, Martin G.; Brinza, D.; Patel, J. U.

    2005-01-01

    An outstanding problem in spaceflight is the lack of adequate sensors for monitoring the space environment and its effects on engineering systems. By adequate, we mean low cost in terms of mission impact (e.g., low price, low mass/size, low power, low data rate, and low design impact). The New Millennium Program (NMP) is investigating the development of such a low-cost Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) package for inclusion on its technology validation flights. This effort follows from the need by NMP to characterize the space environment during testing so that potential users can extrapolate the test results to end-use conditions. The immediate objective of this effort is to develop a small diagnostic sensor package that could be obtained from commercial sources. Environments being considered are: contamination, atomic oxygen, ionizing radiation, cosmic radiation, EMI, and temperature. This talk describes the requirements and rational for selecting these environments and reviews a preliminary design that includes a micro-controller data logger with data storage and interfaces to the sensors and spacecraft. If successful, such a sensor package could be the basis of a unique, long term program for monitoring the effects of the space environment on spacecraft systems.

  15. Low Cost Environmental Sensors for Spaceflight: NMP Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrett, Henry B.; Buehler, Martin G.; Brinza, D.; Patel, J. U.

    2005-01-01

    An outstanding problem in spaceflight is the lack of adequate sensors for monitoring the space environment and its effects on engineering systems. By adequate, we mean low cost in terms of mission impact (e.g., low price, low mass/size, low power, low data rate, and low design impact). The New Millennium Program (NMP) is investigating the development of such a low-cost Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) package for inclusion on its technology validation flights. This effort follows from the need by NMP to characterize the space environment during testing so that potential users can extrapolate the test results to end-use conditions. The immediate objective of this effort is to develop a small diagnostic sensor package that could be obtained from commercial sources. Environments being considered are: contamination, atomic oxygen, ionizing radiation, cosmic radiation, EMI, and temperature. This talk describes the requirements and rational for selecting these environments and reviews a preliminary design that includes a micro-controller data logger with data storage and interfaces to the sensors and spacecraft. If successful, such a sensor package could be the basis of a unique, long term program for monitoring the effects of the space environment on spacecraft systems.

  16. Low cost environmental sensors for Spaceflight : NMP Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrett, Henry B.; Buelher, Martin G.; Brinza, D.; Patel, J. U.

    2005-01-01

    An outstanding problem in spaceflight is the lack of adequate sensors for monitoring the space environment and its effects on engineering systems. By adequate, we mean low cost in terms of mission impact (e.g., low price, low mass/size, low power, low data rate, and low design impact). The New Millennium Program (NMP) is investigating the development of such a low-cost Space Environmental Monitor (SEM) package for inclusion on its technology validation flights. This effort follows from the need by NMP to characterize the space environment during testing so that potential users can extrapolate the test results to end-use conditions. The immediate objective of this effort is to develop a small diagnostic sensor package that could be obtained from commercial sources. Environments being considered are: contamination, atomic oxygen, ionizing radiation, cosmic radiation, EMI, and temperature. This talk describes the requirements and rational for selecting these environments and reviews a preliminary design that includes a micro-controller data logger with data storage and interfaces to the sensors and spacecraft. If successful, such a sensor package could be the basis of a unique, long term program for monitoring the effects of the space environment on spacecraft systems.

  17. 14 CFR 325.13 - Environmental evaluations and energy information not required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental evaluations and energy... Environmental evaluations and energy information not required. Notwithstanding any provision of part 312 or part... environmental evaluation or energy information with the application....

  18. 14 CFR 325.13 - Environmental evaluations and energy information not required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental evaluations and energy... Environmental evaluations and energy information not required. Notwithstanding any provision of part 312 or part... environmental evaluation or energy information with the application....

  19. 14 CFR 325.13 - Environmental evaluations and energy information not required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental evaluations and energy... Environmental evaluations and energy information not required. Notwithstanding any provision of part 312 or part... environmental evaluation or energy information with the application....

  20. 43 CFR 46.415 - Environmental impact statement content, alternatives, circulation and filing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Environmental impact statement content... Impact Statements § 46.415 Environmental impact statement content, alternatives, circulation and filing requirements. The Responsible Official may use any environmental impact statement format and design as long as...

  1. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA in... assume environmental review responsibilities? 1000.20 Section 1000.20 Housing and Urban Development... § 1000.20 Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities? (a) No. It is...

  2. 36 CFR 907.11 - Actions that normally require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY § 907.11 Actions that normally require an...) Potential for minor degradation of environmental quality; (2) Potential for cumulative impact on environmental quality; and (3) Potential for impact on protected resources. (b) Categories of action. The...

  3. 36 CFR § 907.11 - Actions that normally require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY § 907.11 Actions that normally require an...) Potential for minor degradation of environmental quality; (2) Potential for cumulative impact on environmental quality; and (3) Potential for impact on protected resources. (b) Categories of action. The...

  4. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA in... assume environmental review responsibilities? 1000.20 Section 1000.20 Housing and Urban Development... § 1000.20 Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities? (a) No. It is an...

  5. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA in... assume environmental review responsibilities? 1000.20 Section 1000.20 Housing and Urban Development... § 1000.20 Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities? (a) No. It is an...

  6. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA in... assume environmental review responsibilities? 1000.20 Section 1000.20 Housing and Urban Development... § 1000.20 Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities? (a) No. It is an...

  7. 24 CFR 1000.20 - Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... evaluation of the environmental issues and take responsibility for the scope and content of the EA in... assume environmental review responsibilities? 1000.20 Section 1000.20 Housing and Urban Development... § 1000.20 Is an Indian tribe required to assume environmental review responsibilities? (a) No. It is an...

  8. 40 CFR 6.201 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... determine the applicability of other environmental laws and executive orders, to the fullest extent possible... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 6.201 Section 6.201 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

  9. 40 CFR 6.201 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... determine the applicability of other environmental laws and executive orders, to the fullest extent possible... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 6.201 Section 6.201 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

  10. 40 CFR 6.201 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... determine the applicability of other environmental laws and executive orders, to the fullest extent possible... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 6.201 Section 6.201 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

  11. 40 CFR 6.201 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... determine the applicability of other environmental laws and executive orders, to the fullest extent possible... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 6.201 Section 6.201 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

  12. 40 CFR 6.201 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... determine the applicability of other environmental laws and executive orders, to the fullest extent possible... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 6.201 Section 6.201 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

  13. 43 CFR 46.415 - Environmental impact statement content, alternatives, circulation and filing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Environmental impact statement content... Impact Statements § 46.415 Environmental impact statement content, alternatives, circulation and filing requirements. The Responsible Official may use any environmental impact statement format and design as long as...

  14. 38 CFR Appendix C to Part 200 - Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement C Appendix C to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Pt. 200, App. C Appendix C to Part 200—Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement The following actions are considered to be major Federal...

  15. 14 CFR 325.13 - Environmental evaluations and energy information not required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental evaluations and energy... Environmental evaluations and energy information not required. Notwithstanding any provision of part 312 or part... environmental evaluation or energy information with the application. ...

  16. DEPLOYMENT OF THE GUBKA TECHNOLOGY TO STABILIZE RADIOACTIVE STANDARD SOLUTIONS AT THE FERNALD ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROJECT

    SciTech Connect

    Chipman, N.A.; Knecht, D.A.; Meyer, A.; Aloy, A.; Anshits, A.G.; Tretyakov, A.A.

    2003-02-27

    This paper describes the deployment of the Gubka technology to stabilize liquid technical standards at the Fernald Environmental Management Project. Gubka, an open-cell glass crystalline porous material, was developed by a joint research program of Russian Institutes at St. Petersburg, Krasnoyarsk, and Zheleznogorsk and the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Gubka technology can be applied in an active or a passive method to stabilize a solution. In both methods the result is the same, and the dried components of the solution are sorbed in the pores of the Gubka block while the liquid phase is evaporated. In this deployment Gubka blocks were passively floated in the solutions at ambient conditions. As the solutions evaporated, the non-volatile components were sorbed in the pores of the Gubka blocks. The waste-loaded Gubka blocks have been packaged for transportation and disposal at the Nevada Test site within an existing waste category.

  17. 40 CFR 158.1300 - Environmental fate data requirements table.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... buildings, barnyards, and beehives. 2. Not required when the electronic absorption spectra, measured at pHs 5, 7, and 9, of the chemical and its hydrolytic products, if any, show no absorption or...

  18. 40 CFR 158.1300 - Environmental fate data requirements table.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... buildings, barnyards, and beehives. 2. Not required when the electronic absorption spectra, measured at pHs 5, 7, and 9, of the chemical and its hydrolytic products, if any, show no absorption or...

  19. 40 CFR 158.1300 - Environmental fate data requirements table.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... buildings, barnyards, and beehives. 2. Not required when the electronic absorption spectra, measured at pHs 5, 7, and 9, of the chemical and its hydrolytic products, if any, show no absorption or...

  20. 40 CFR 161.290 - Environmental fate data requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) CR CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-3 In air (2) CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-4 Metabolism... pattern and other pertinent factors. AAA(3) Not required if anaerobic aquatic metabolism study has...

  1. 40 CFR 161.290 - Environmental fate data requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) CR CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-3 In air (2) CR TGAI or PAIRA TGAI or PAIRA 161-4 Metabolism... pattern and other pertinent factors. AAA(3) Not required if anaerobic aquatic metabolism study has...

  2. 43 CFR 3275.12 - What environmental and safety requirements apply to facility operations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What environmental and safety requirements...) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING Conducting Utilization Operations § 3275.12 What environmental and safety requirements apply to facility operations? (a) You must perform all utilization facility operations in a...

  3. 43 CFR 3275.12 - What environmental and safety requirements apply to facility operations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What environmental and safety requirements...) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING Conducting Utilization Operations § 3275.12 What environmental and safety requirements apply to facility operations? (a) You must perform all utilization facility operations in a...

  4. 43 CFR 3275.12 - What environmental and safety requirements apply to facility operations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What environmental and safety requirements...) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING Conducting Utilization Operations § 3275.12 What environmental and safety requirements apply to facility operations? (a) You must perform all utilization facility operations in a...

  5. 43 CFR 3275.12 - What environmental and safety requirements apply to facility operations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What environmental and safety requirements...) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING Conducting Utilization Operations § 3275.12 What environmental and safety requirements apply to facility operations? (a) You must perform all utilization facility operations in a...

  6. 15 CFR 930.37 - Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. 930.37 Section 930.37 Commerce and Foreign Trade... National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. A Federal agency may use its NEPA documents as...

  7. 30 CFR 250.1910 - What safety and environmental information is required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What safety and environmental information is required? 250.1910 Section 250.1910 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT..., including the requirements of hazard analysis (§ 250.1911); (2) process design information including,...

  8. 30 CFR 250.1910 - What safety and environmental information is required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What safety and environmental information is required? 250.1910 Section 250.1910 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT..., including the requirements of hazard analysis (§ 250.1911); (2) process design information including,...

  9. 30 CFR 250.1910 - What safety and environmental information is required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What safety and environmental information is required? 250.1910 Section 250.1910 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT..., including the requirements of hazard analysis (§ 250.1911); (2) process design information including,...

  10. 15 CFR 930.37 - Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. 930.37 Section 930.37 Commerce and Foreign Trade... National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. A Federal agency may use its NEPA documents as a...

  11. 15 CFR 930.37 - Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. 930.37 Section 930.37 Commerce and Foreign Trade... National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. A Federal agency may use its NEPA documents as a...

  12. 15 CFR 930.37 - Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. 930.37 Section 930.37 Commerce and Foreign Trade... National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. A Federal agency may use its NEPA documents as a...

  13. 15 CFR 930.37 - Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Consistency determinations and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. 930.37 Section 930.37 Commerce and Foreign Trade... National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. A Federal agency may use its NEPA documents as a...

  14. 36 CFR 1234.14 - What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true What are the requirements for environmental controls for records storage facilities? 1234.14 Section 1234.14 Parks, Forests, and Public... STORAGE FACILITIES Facility Standards § 1234.14 What are the requirements for environmental controls...

  15. 25 CFR 170.450 - What archeological and environmental requirements must the IRR Program meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the IRR Program meet? 170.450 Section 170.450 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE... and environmental requirements must the IRR Program meet? (a) The archeological and environmental requirements with which BIA must comply on the IRR Program are contained in Appendix A to this subpart. (b)...

  16. Species Profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    Species Profiles are summaries of the life histories and environmental requirements of selected coastal fishes and invertebrates of commercial, recreational, or ecological significance. The Profiles will be used to relate life history and environmental requirements of species to coastal numerical water quality models and to assist in evaluating the environmental impacts of altering estuarine habitats. For this program the marine coastline of the continental United States was divided into the following seven biogeographic regions.

  17. ENVRI Cluster - a community-driven platform of European environmental research infrastructures for providing common solution for science and society

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sorvari, Sanna; Kutsch, Werner; Laj, Paolo; Asmi, Ari; Brus, Magdalena

    2016-04-01

    European long-term environmental research infrastructures (often referred as ESFRI RIs) are the core facilities for providing services for scientists in their quest for understanding and predicting the complex Earth system and its functioning that requires long-term efforts to identify environmental changes (trends, thresholds and resilience, interactions and feedbacks). Many of the research infrastructures originally have been developed to respond to the needs of their specific research communities, however, it is clear that strong collaboration among research infrastructures is needed to serve the trans-boundary research requires exploring scientific questions at the intersection of different scientific fields, conducting joint research projects and developing concepts, devices, and methods that can be used to integrate knowledge. European Environmental research infrastructures have already been successfully worked together for many years and have established a cluster - ENVRI cluster - for their collaborative work. ENVRI cluster act as a collaborative platform where the RIs can jointly agree on the common solutions for their operations, draft strategies and policies and share best practices and knowledge. Supporting project for the ENVRI cluster, ENVRIplus project, brings together 21 European research infrastructures and infrastructure networks to work on joint technical solutions, data interoperability, access management, training, strategies and dissemination efforts. ENVRI cluster act as one stop shop for multidisciplinary RI users, other collaborative initiatives, projects and programmes and coordinates and implement jointly agreed RI strategies.

  18. 40 CFR 161.290 - Environmental fate data requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... tested. Kind of data required (b) Notes General use patterns Terrestrial Food crop Nonfood Aquatic Food crop Nonfood Greenhouse Food crop Nonfood Forestry Domestic outdoor Indoor Test substance Data to... (4) CR CR TEP TEP 164-5 Accumulation studies Rotational crops: (Confined) (5) PAIRA PAIRA 165-1...

  19. 40 CFR 158.1300 - Environmental fate data requirements table.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 5, 7, and 9, of the chemical and its hydrolytic products, if any, show no absorption or tailing between 290 and 800 nm. 3. Not required when the chemical is to be applied only by soil injection or is... limited to, the Henry's Law Constant of the chemical. In view of methodological difficulties with...

  20. 40 CFR 158.1300 - Environmental fate data requirements table.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 5, 7, and 9, of the chemical and its hydrolytic products, if any, show no absorption or tailing between 290 and 800 nm. 3. Not required when the chemical is to be applied only by soil injection or is... limited to, the Henry's Law Constant of the chemical. In view of methodological difficulties with...

  1. 33 CFR 230.25 - Environmental review and consultation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., 1979, 32 CFR part 197. Procedural requirements for Civil Works studies and projects are discussed below... Principles and Guidelines for Water and Related Land Resources Implementation Studies. Reviews and... of the ongoing studies are not expected to materially affect the decision on the proposed action,...

  2. Environmental biotechnology: biotechnology solutions for a global environmental problem, hazardous chemical wastes.

    PubMed

    Omenn, G S

    Biotechnology has a growing place in the remediation of hazardous waste sites throughout the world, and especially in Asia where population density is high and land and fresh water are scarce. In-situ bioremediation has been demonstrated already to be highly effective for petroleum hydrocarbons (alkanes, aromatics, polychlorophenols) and organophosphate pesticides in soils and for gasoline by-products (benzene, toluene, xylene) and chlorinated solvents (trichloroethylene) in groundwater. Heavy metals and PCBs are not suitable for bioremediation. Environmental biotechnology includes solid-phase and slurry-phase bioremediation for contaminated soils and site-specific bioreactors for contaminated groundwater. Specific examples are presented. From a policy point of view, accumulated wastes must be detoxified, preferably at sites where they already exist. We cannot continue to rely on their removal and disposal "elsewhere". For current waste streams, we must minimize the volumes and toxicity. Environmental biotechnology will play a key role.

  3. The Teach-in on Global Warming Solutions and Vygotsky: Fostering Ecological Action and Environmental Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lysack, Mishka

    2009-01-01

    The Teach-in on Global Warming Solutions is part of a larger socio-environmental movement concerned with combating climate change. Highlighting the history and elements of the teach-in as a model of learning, the article examines the teach-in movement, using a local event at the University of Calgary as an illustration. Conceptual resources from…

  4. The Teach-in on Global Warming Solutions and Vygotsky: Fostering Ecological Action and Environmental Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lysack, Mishka

    2009-01-01

    The Teach-in on Global Warming Solutions is part of a larger socio-environmental movement concerned with combating climate change. Highlighting the history and elements of the teach-in as a model of learning, the article examines the teach-in movement, using a local event at the University of Calgary as an illustration. Conceptual resources from…

  5. Mobile Electric Power and Environmental Control Requirements Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-18

    tripping circuit breakers ). The Study assumed 100% duty cycle. The Study Team mitigated some of these data issues by estimating the electrical power...requirements. The three phases can be connected at the generator in either a delta or “Y” (Wye) configuration5. Most circuits are configured as delta. Equipment...load due to overheating . They are also not run for extended periods at less than 50% of rated load due to maintenance issues6

  6. Electrospinning biopolymers from ionic liquids requires control of different solution properties than volatile organic solvents

    DOE PAGES

    Zavgorodnya, Oleksandra; Shamshina, Julia L.; Bonner, Jonathan R.; ...

    2017-04-27

    Here, we report the correlation between key solution properties and spinability of chitin from the ionic liquid (IL) 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([C2mim][OAc]), and the similarities and differences to electrospinning solutions of non-ionic polymers in volatile organic compounds (VOCs). We found that when electrospinning is conducted from ILs, conductivity and surface tension are not the key parameters regulating spinability, while solution viscosity and polymer concentration are. Contrarily, for electrospinning of polymers from VOCs, solution conductivity and viscosity have been reported to be among some of the most important factors controlling fiber formation. For chitin electrospun from [C2mim][OAc], we found both a criticalmore » chitin concentration required for continuous fiber formation (> 0.20 wt%) and a required viscosity for the spinning solution (between ca. 450 – 1500 cP). The high viscosities of the biopolymer-IL solutions made it possible to electrospin solutions with low, less than 1 wt% of polymer concentration and produce thin fibers without the need to adjust the electrospinning parameters. These results suggest new prospects for the control of fiber architecture in non-woven mats, which is crucial for materials performance.« less

  7. 78 FR 18562 - Economic and Environmental Principles and Requirements for Water and Related Land Resources...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ... Guidelines consist of three key components: (1) The Principles and Requirements (formerly called Principles... agency missions and programs. This notice is to inform you that the Principles and Requirements, one key... QUALITY Economic and Environmental Principles and Requirements for Water and Related Land...

  8. 10 CFR 1021.341 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 1021.341 Section 1021.341 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES Implementing Procedures § 1021.341 Coordination with...

  9. 36 CFR 907.11 - Actions that normally require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Actions that normally require an environmental assessment. 907.11 Section 907.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA... environmental quality; and (3) Potential for impact on protected resources. (b) Categories of action....

  10. 10 CFR 51.20 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... regulatory actions requiring environmental impact statements. 51.20 Section 51.20 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... FUNCTIONS National Environmental Policy Act-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Preliminary Procedures... permit to construct a nuclear power reactor, testing facility, or fuel reprocessing plant under part...

  11. 10 CFR 51.20 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... regulatory actions requiring environmental impact statements. 51.20 Section 51.20 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... FUNCTIONS National Environmental Policy Act-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Preliminary Procedures... permit to construct a nuclear power reactor, testing facility, or fuel reprocessing plant under part...

  12. 10 CFR 1021.341 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 1021.341 Section 1021.341 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES Implementing Procedures § 1021.341 Coordination with other...

  13. 10 CFR 1021.341 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 1021.341 Section 1021.341 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES Implementing Procedures § 1021.341 Coordination with other...

  14. 10 CFR 1021.341 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 1021.341 Section 1021.341 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES Implementing Procedures § 1021.341 Coordination with other...

  15. 10 CFR 1021.341 - Coordination with other environmental review requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Coordination with other environmental review requirements. 1021.341 Section 1021.341 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES Implementing Procedures § 1021.341 Coordination with other...

  16. 38 CFR Appendix C to Part 200 - Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement C Appendix C to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Pt. 200, App. C Appendix C to Part...

  17. 38 CFR Appendix B to Part 200 - The Action Requiring an Environmental Assessment

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false The Action Requiring an Environmental Assessment B Appendix B to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Pt. 200, App. B Appendix B to Part...

  18. 38 CFR Appendix C to Part 200 - Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement C Appendix C to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Pt. 200, App. C Appendix C to Part...

  19. 38 CFR Appendix C to Part 200 - Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Actions Requiring Environmental Impact Statement C Appendix C to Part 200 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Pt. 200, App. C Appendix C to Part...

  20. 45 CFR 640.3 - Actions requiring an environmental assessment and categorical exclusions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 640.3 Actions requiring.... (3) Cases where field work affecting the natural environment will be conducted. (4) Any project that...

  1. Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Northwest). Lingcod

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-01

    Res. Board Can. Kabata, F. 1973. The species of 20(2):257-264. Lepeophiheirus ( Copepoda : Caligidae) from fishes in British Columbia. J. Fish. Res...AD-A224 839 Biological Report 82(11.119) TR EL-82-4 December 1989 OTC FiLE COPY Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of...1989 Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Northwest) LINGCOD by William N

  2. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest): Pismo clam

    SciTech Connect

    Shaw, W.N.; Hassler, T.J.

    1989-02-01

    Species profile are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessment. The Pismo clam (Tivela stultorum) supports an important sport fishery in the Pacific Southwest region, but has no present commercial importance. This review describes the life history (spawning, eggs, and larval stages, postlarvae and juveniles, maturity, and life-span), growth characteristics, former commercial and sport fisheries, ecological role, and environmental requirements. 30 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. Environmental Research Infrastructures providing shared solutions for science and society (ENVRIplus)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kutsch, Werner Leo; Asmi, Ari; Laj, Paolo; Brus, Magdalena; Sorvari, Sanna

    2016-04-01

    ENVRIplus is a Horizon 2020 project bringing together Environmental and Earth System Research Infrastructures, projects and networks together with technical specialist partners to create a more coherent, interdisciplinary and interoperable cluster of Environmental Research Infrastructures (RIs) across Europe. The objective of ENVRIplus is to provide common solutions to shared challenges for these RIs in their efforts to deliver new services for science and society. To reach this overall goal, ENVRIplus brings together the current ESFRI roadmap environmental and associate fields RIs, leading I3 projects, key developing RI networks and specific technical specialist partners to build common synergic solutions for pressing issues in RI construction and implementation. ENVRIplus will be organized along 6 main objectives, further on called "Themes": 1) Improve the RI's abilities to observe the Earth System, particularly in developing and testing new sensor technologies, harmonizing observation methodologies and developing methods to overcome common problems associated with distributed remote observation networks; 2) Generate common solutions for shared information technology and data related challenges of the environmental RIs in data and service discovery and use, workflow documentation, data citations methodologies, service virtualization, and user characterization and interaction; 3) Develop harmonized policies for access (physical and virtual) for the environmental RIs, including access services for the multidisciplinary users; 4) Investigate the interactions between RIs and society: Find common approaches and methodologies how to assess the RIs' ability to answer the economical and societal challenges, develop ethics guidelines for RIs and investigate the possibility to enhance the use Citizen Science approaches in RI products and services; 5) Ensure the cross-fertilisation and knowledge transfer of new technologies, best practices, approaches and policies of the

  4. Use of the Oslo-Potsdam Solution to test the effect of an environmental education model on tangible measures of environmental protection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Short, Philip Craig

    The fundamental goals of environmental education include the creation of an environmentally literate citizenry possessing the knowledge, skills, and motivation to objectively analyze environmental issues and engage in responsible behaviors leading to issue resolution and improved or maintained environmental quality. No existing research, however, has linked educational practices and environmental protection. In an original attempt to quantify the pedagogy - environmental protection relationship, both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to investigate local environmental records and environmental quality indices that reflected the results of student actions. The data were analyzed using an educational adaptation of the "Oslo-Potsdam Solution for International Environmental Regime Effectiveness." The new model, termed the Environmental Education Performance Indicator (EEPI), was developed and evaluated as a quantitative tool for testing and fairly comparing the efficacy of student-initiated environmental projects in terms of environmental quality measures. Five case studies were developed from descriptions of student actions and environmental impacts as revealed by surveys and interviews with environmental education teachers using the IEEIA (Investigating and Evaluating Environmental Issues and Actions) curriculum, former students, community members, and agency officials. Archival information was also used to triangulate the data. In addition to evaluating case study data on the basis of the EEPI model, an expert panel of evaluators consisting of professionals from environmental education, natural sciences, environmental policy, and environmental advocacy provided subjective assessments on the effectiveness of each case study. The results from this study suggest that environmental education interventions can equip and empower students to act on their own conclusions in a manner that leads to improved or maintained environmental conditions. The EEPI model

  5. 75 FR 52591 - New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Requirements on Gasoline Transport Vehicles

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-26

    ... hazardous material transportation law preempts the requirements in 6 NYCRR 230.6(b) and (c) for maintaining... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Requirements on Gasoline Transport Vehicles AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials...

  6. A synthesis of environmental and recreational mitigation requirements at hydropower projects in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Schramm, Michael P.; Bevelhimer, Mark S.; DeRolph, Chris R.

    2016-04-11

    Environmental mitigation plays an important role in the environmentally sustainable development of hydropower resources. However, comprehensive data on mitigation required by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) at United States (US) hydropower projects is lacking. Therefore, our objective was to create a comprehensive database of mitigation required at non-federal hydropower projects and provide a synthesis of available mitigation data. Mitigation data was collated for over 300 plants licensed or relicensed from 1998 through 2013. We observed that the majority of FERC mitigation requirements deal with either hydrologic flows or recreation and that hydropower plants in the Pacific Northwest had the highest number of requirements. Our data indicate opportunities exist to further explore hydropower mitigation in the areas of environmental flows, fish passage, and water quality. Lastly, connecting these data with ecological outcomes, actual flow data, and larger landscape level information will be necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of mitigation and ultimately inform regulators, managers, and planners.

  7. Analysis of Data in Accordance with Space Flight Mission Environmental Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shei, Monica

    2011-01-01

    The Environmental Assurance Program sets forth standards to ensure that all flight hardware is compatible with the environments that will be encountered during a spacecraft mission. It outlines the design, test and analysis, and risk control standards for the mission and certifies that it will survive in any external or self-induced environments that the spacecraft may experience. The Environmental Requirements Document (ERD) is the most important document in the Environmental Assurance Program, providing the design and test requirements for the project's flight system, subsystems, assemblies, and instruments. This summer's project was to assist Environmental Requirements Engineers (ERE's) in completing the Environmental Assurance Program Summary Report for both the Juno Project and Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Project. The Summary Report is a document summarizing the environmental tests and analyses of each spacecraft at both the assembly and system level. It compiles a source of all relevant information such as waivers and Problem/Failure Reports (PFRs) into a single report for easy reference of how well the spacecraft met the requirements of the project.

  8. Analysis of Data in Accordance with Space Flight Mission Environmental Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shei, Monica

    2011-01-01

    The Environmental Assurance Program sets forth standards to ensure that all flight hardware is compatible with the environments that will be encountered during a spacecraft mission. It outlines the design, test and analysis, and risk control standards for the mission and certifies that it will survive in any external or self-induced environments that the spacecraft may experience. The Environmental Requirements Document (ERD) is the most important document in the Environmental Assurance Program, providing the design and test requirements for the project's flight system, subsystems, assemblies, and instruments. This summer's project was to assist Environmental Requirements Engineers (ERE's) in completing the Environmental Assurance Program Summary Report for both the Juno Project and Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Project. The Summary Report is a document summarizing the environmental tests and analyses of each spacecraft at both the assembly and system level. It compiles a source of all relevant information such as waivers and Problem/Failure Reports (PFRs) into a single report for easy reference of how well the spacecraft met the requirements of the project.

  9. Temporal dissolution of potentially toxic elements from silver smelting slag by synthetic environmental solutions.

    PubMed

    Ash, Christopher; Borůvka, Luboš; Tejnecký, Václav; Šebek, Ondřej; Nikodem, Antonín; Drábek, Ondřej

    2013-11-15

    Waste slag which is created during precious metal smelting contains high levels of potentially toxic elements (PTE) which can be mobilised from unconfined deposits into the local environment. This paper examines the extractability of selected PTE (Pb, Zn, Cd, Mn) from slag samples by synthetic solutions designed to replicate those in the environment. Extracting agents were used to replicate potential leaching scenarios which are analogous to natural chemical weathering. Slag was submersed in a rainwater simulation solution (RSS), weak citric acid solution (representing rhizosphere secretions) and control solutions (deionised water) for a one month period with solution analyses made at intervals of 1, 24, 168 and 720 h. In 1 mM citric acid, dissolution of Cd and Zn showed little change with time, although for Zn the initial dissolution was considerable. Lead in citric acid was characterized by overall poor extractability. Mn solubility increased until an equilibrium state occurred within 24 h. The solubility of studied metals in citric acid can be characterized by a short time to equilibrium. RSS proved to be an effective solvent that, unlike citric acid solution, extracted increasing concentrations of Cd, Mn and Zn with time. Solubility of Pb in RSS was again very low. When taken as a proportion of a single 2 M HNO3 extraction which was applied to slag samples, Cd was the element most readily leached into RSS and control samples. In both studied solvents, slag heterogeneity is prominent in the case of Cd and Zn solubility. Contact time with solvent appears to be an important variable for the release of PTE from slag into solution. The purpose of this study was to provide insight into the environmental chemical dissolution of PTE from slag, which causes their enrichment in surrounding soils and surface waters. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (mid-Atlantic). Weakfish

    SciTech Connect

    Mercer, L.P.

    1989-08-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental-impact assessment. Weakfish are one of the most abundant fishes in the estuarine and nearshore waters of the Atlantic coast. Weakfish mature at age I throughout their range and spawning takes place in coastal and estuarine waters from March to September. Juveniles utilize the deeper areas within estuaries.

  11. Software for quantitative analysis of radiotherapy: overview, requirement analysis and design solutions.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lanlan; Hub, Martina; Mang, Sarah; Thieke, Christian; Nix, Oliver; Karger, Christian P; Floca, Ralf O

    2013-06-01

    Radiotherapy is a fast-developing discipline which plays a major role in cancer care. Quantitative analysis of radiotherapy data can improve the success of the treatment and support the prediction of outcome. In this paper, we first identify functional, conceptional and general requirements on a software system for quantitative analysis of radiotherapy. Further we present an overview of existing radiotherapy analysis software tools and check them against the stated requirements. As none of them could meet all of the demands presented herein, we analyzed possible conceptional problems and present software design solutions and recommendations to meet the stated requirements (e.g. algorithmic decoupling via dose iterator pattern; analysis database design). As a proof of concept we developed a software library "RTToolbox" following the presented design principles. The RTToolbox is available as open source library and has already been tested in a larger-scale software system for different use cases. These examples demonstrate the benefit of the presented design principles.

  12. Investigation of the required length for fully developed pipe flow with drag-reducing polymer solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farsiani, Yasaman; Elbing, Brian

    2015-11-01

    Adding trace amounts of long chain polymers into a liquid flow is known to reduce skin friction drag by up to 80%. While polymer drag reduction (PDR) has been successfully implemented in internal flows, diffusion and degradation have limited its external flow applications. A weakness in many previous PDR studies is that there was no characterization of the polymer being injected into the turbulent boundary layer, which can be accomplished by testing a sample in a pressure-drop tube. An implicit assumption in polymer characterization is that the flow is fully developed at the differential pressure measurement. While available data in the literature shows that the entry length to achieve fully developed flow increases with polymeric solutions, it is unclear how long is required to achieve fully developed flow for non-Newtonian turbulent flows. In the present study, the pressure-drop is measured across a 1.05 meter length section of a 1.04 cm inner diameter pipe. Differential pressure is measured with a pressure transducer for different entry lengths, flow and polymer solution properties. This presentation will present preliminary data on the required entrance length as well as characterization of polymer solution an estimate of the mean molecular weight.

  13. Soft-robotic arm inspired by the octopus: II. From artificial requirements to innovative technological solutions.

    PubMed

    Mazzolai, B; Margheri, L; Cianchetti, M; Dario, P; Laschi, C

    2012-06-01

    Soft robotics is a current focus in robotics research because of the expected capability of soft robots to better interact with real-world environments. As a point of inspiration in the development of innovative technologies in soft robotics, octopuses are particularly interesting 'animal models'. Octopus arms have unique biomechanical capabilities that combine significant pliability with the ability to exert a great deal of force, because they lack rigid structures but can change and control their degree of stiffness. The octopus arm motor capability is a result of the peculiar arrangement of its muscles and the properties of its tissues. These special abilities have been investigated by the authors in a specific study dedicated to identifying the key principles underlying these biological functions and deriving engineering requirements for robotics solutions. This paper, which is the second in a two-part series, presents how the identified requirements can be used to create innovative technological solutions, such as soft materials, mechanisms and actuators. Experiments indicate the ability of these proposed solutions to ensure the same performance as in the biological model in terms of compliance, elongation and force. These results represent useful and relevant components of innovative soft-robotic systems and suggest their potential use to create a new generation of highly dexterous, soft-bodied robots.

  14. Enabling Enhanced Company Operations (ECO): An Analysis of Tactical Communication Requirements and Solutions for a Marine Corps Company and Below

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    OPTIMAL COMMUNICATION SOLUTION The optimal communication solution for enabling ECO is one that is designed to ensure interoperability. Current and...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS ENABLING ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS ( ECO ): AN ANALYSIS OF TACTICAL...AND SUBTITLE: Enabling Enhanced Company Operations ( ECO ): An Analysis of Tactical Communication Requirements and Solutions for a Marine Corps Company

  15. Sample Size Requirements for Structural Equation Models: An Evaluation of Power, Bias, and Solution Propriety.

    PubMed

    Wolf, Erika J; Harrington, Kelly M; Clark, Shaunna L; Miller, Mark W

    2013-12-01

    Determining sample size requirements for structural equation modeling (SEM) is a challenge often faced by investigators, peer reviewers, and grant writers. Recent years have seen a large increase in SEMs in the behavioral science literature, but consideration of sample size requirements for applied SEMs often relies on outdated rules-of-thumb. This study used Monte Carlo data simulation techniques to evaluate sample size requirements for common applied SEMs. Across a series of simulations, we systematically varied key model properties, including number of indicators and factors, magnitude of factor loadings and path coefficients, and amount of missing data. We investigated how changes in these parameters affected sample size requirements with respect to statistical power, bias in the parameter estimates, and overall solution propriety. Results revealed a range of sample size requirements (i.e., from 30 to 460 cases), meaningful patterns of association between parameters and sample size, and highlight the limitations of commonly cited rules-of-thumb. The broad "lessons learned" for determining SEM sample size requirements are discussed.

  16. The Geographic Information System component of the Hanford Environmental Information System. Requirements analysis for HEISGIS

    SciTech Connect

    Tzemos, S.; Overton, E.S.

    1992-01-01

    The Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS) has been developed to manage the data from the characterization and environmental monitoring of the Hanford Site. HEISGIS is the Geographic Information Systems component of HEIS. This report analyzes the HEISGIS functional requirements as articulated by the members of a GIS subcommittee established by the HEIS Technical Advisory Committee (HTAC) in a series of meetings. These functionalities are identified throughout this report, but no implementation commitment is made. This requirements analysis document will be followed by a brief list of the functionalities that will be implemented in FY91 and a description of the requisite acceptance test criteria.

  17. Environmental Health Impacts of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations: Anticipating Hazards—Searching for Solutions

    PubMed Central

    Thorne, Peter S.

    2007-01-01

    A scientific conference and workshop was held March 2004 in Iowa City, Iowa, that brought together environmental scientists from North America and Europe to address major environmental health issues associated with concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) in large, industrialized livestock production facilities. After one and a half days of plenary sessions, five expert workgroups convened to consider the most relevant research areas, including respiratory health effects, modeling and monitoring of air toxics, water quality issues, influenza pandemics and antibiotic resistance, and community health and socioeconomic issues. The workgroup reports that follow outline the state of the science and public health concerns relating to livestock production as they apply to each workgroup topic. The reports also identify areas in which further research is needed and suggest opportunities to translate science to policy initiatives that would effect improvements in public and environmental health. Viable solutions to some of the current environmental health problems associated with CAFOs are outlined. In addition, these reports bring to light several major concerns, including air and water contamination, the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in livestock, and the specter of influenza outbreaks arising from siting industrialized poultry and swine production in proximity to each other and to humans. PMID:17384781

  18. Solution combustion synthesis of oxide semiconductors for solar energy conversion and environmental remediation.

    PubMed

    Rajeshwar, Krishnan; de Tacconi, Norma R

    2009-07-01

    In this tutorial review, we summarize recent research on the solution combustion synthesis of oxide semiconductors for applications related to photovoltaic solar energy conversion, photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation, and heterogeneous photocatalytic remediation of environmental pollutants. First, the advantages of combustion synthesis relative to other strategies for preparing oxide semiconductors are discussed followed by a summary of process variants in combustion synthesis. The possibility of in situ chemical modification of the oxide during its formation in the combustion environment is addressed. Morphological and crystal structure aspects of the combustion-synthesized products are discussed followed by a summary of trends in their photocatalytic activity relative to benchmark samples prepared by other methods.

  19. The Relationship between Environmental Turbulence, Management Support, Organizational Collaboration, Information Technology Solution Realization, and Process Performance, in Healthcare Provider Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muglia, Victor O.

    2010-01-01

    The Problem: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between environmental turbulence, management support, organizational collaboration, information technology solution realization, and process performance in healthcare provider organizations. Method: A descriptive/correlational study of Hospital medical services process…

  20. The Relationship between Environmental Turbulence, Management Support, Organizational Collaboration, Information Technology Solution Realization, and Process Performance, in Healthcare Provider Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muglia, Victor O.

    2010-01-01

    The Problem: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between environmental turbulence, management support, organizational collaboration, information technology solution realization, and process performance in healthcare provider organizations. Method: A descriptive/correlational study of Hospital medical services process…

  1. The inbuilt long-term unfeasibility of environmental flows when disregarding riparian vegetation requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rivaes, R.; Boavida, I.; Santos, J. M.; Pinheiro, A. N.; Ferreira, M. T.

    2015-10-01

    Environmental flows remain biased towards the traditional fish biological group and ignore the inter-annual flow variability that rules longer species life cycles, thus disregarding the long-term perspective of the riverine ecosystem. Incorporating riparian vegetation requirements into environmental flows could bring an important contribute to fill in this gap. The long-term after-effects of this shortcoming on the biological communities downstream of dams were never estimated before. We address this concern by evaluating the effects of environmental flow regimes disregarding riparian vegetation in the long-term perspective of the fluvial ecosystem. To achieve that purpose, the riparian vegetation evolution was modeled considering its structural response to a decade of different environmental flows, and the fish habitat availability was assessed for each of the resulting riparian habitat scenarios. We demonstrate that fish habitat availability changes accordingly to the long-term structural adjustments that riparian habitat endure following river regulation. Environmental flow regimes considering only aquatic biota become obsolete in few years due to the change of the habitat premises in which they were based on and, therefore, are unsustainable in the long run. Therefore, considering riparian vegetation requirements on environmental flows is mandatory to assure the effectiveness of those in the long-term perspective of the fluvial ecosystem.

  2. 7 CFR 1940.313 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). 1940.313 Section 1940.313 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Environmental Program § 1940.313 Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The environmental assessment process will be used, as defined in this subpart, to identify...

  3. 7 CFR 1940.313 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). 1940.313 Section 1940.313 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Environmental Program § 1940.313 Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The environmental assessment process will be used, as defined in this subpart, to identify...

  4. 7 CFR 1940.313 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). 1940.313 Section 1940.313 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Environmental Program § 1940.313 Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The environmental assessment process will be used, as defined in this subpart, to identify...

  5. 7 CFR 1940.313 - Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). 1940.313 Section 1940.313 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Environmental Program § 1940.313 Actions that normally require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The environmental assessment process will be used, as defined in this subpart, to identify...

  6. Encapsulated islets for diabetes therapy: history, current progress, and critical issues requiring solution.

    PubMed

    Scharp, David W; Marchetti, Piero

    2014-04-01

    Insulin therapy became a reality in 1921 dramatically saving lives of people with diabetes, but not protecting them from long-term complications. Clinically successful free islet implants began in 1989 but require life long immunosuppression. Several encapsulated islet approaches have been ongoing for over 30 years without defining a clinically relevant product. Macro-devices encapsulating islet mass in a single device have shown long-term success in large animals but human trials have been limited by critical challenges. Micro-capsules using alginate or similar hydrogels encapsulate individual islets with many hundreds of promising rodent results published, but a low incidence of successful translation to large animal and human results. Reduction of encapsulated islet mass for clinical transplantation is in progress. This review covers the status of both early and current studies including the presentation of corporate efforts involved. It concludes by defining the critical items requiring solution to enable a successful clinical diabetes therapy.

  7. 40 CFR 1505.2 - Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... QUALITY NEPA AND AGENCY DECISIONMAKING § 1505.2 Record of decision in cases requiring environmental impact... alternatives based on relevant factors including economic and technical considerations and agency statutory missions. An agency shall identify and discuss all such factors including any essential considerations of...

  8. 10 CFR 205.328 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1. 205.328 Section 205.328 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and Reports; Applications; Administrative Procedures and Sanctions...

  9. 10 CFR 205.328 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1. 205.328 Section 205.328 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and Reports; Applications; Administrative Procedures and Sanctions...

  10. 10 CFR 205.328 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1. 205.328 Section 205.328 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and Reports; Applications; Administrative Procedures and Sanctions...

  11. 10 CFR 205.328 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1. 205.328 Section 205.328 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and Reports; Applications; Administrative Procedures and Sanctions...

  12. 10 CFR 205.328 - Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental requirements for Presidential Permits-Alternative 1. 205.328 Section 205.328 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and Reports; Applications; Administrative Procedures and Sanctions...

  13. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  14. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  15. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  16. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  17. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  18. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  19. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  20. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  1. 18 CFR 380.5 - Actions that require an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental assessment. 380.5 Section 380.5 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...) Licenses under Part I of the Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any...

  2. 18 CFR 380.6 - Actions that require an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Actions that require an environmental impact statement. 380.6 Section 380.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Federal Power Act and part 4 of this chapter for construction of any unconstructed water power...

  3. 30 CFR 921.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 921.783 Section 921.783 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN...

  4. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER...

  5. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER...

  6. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER...

  7. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER...

  8. 36 CFR 223.218 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.218 Section 223.218 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER...

  9. Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (South Florida). SNOOK,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    FISHES, *MARINE BIOLOGY , ADULTS, RECREATION, SEASONS, COMMERCIAL FISHING, ECOLOGY , ENVIRONMENTS, REQUIREMENTS, PRESSURE, BRACKISH WATER, INSHORE...AREAS, STREAMS, TIDES, COASTAL REGIONS, DEGRADATION, HABITATS, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, ESTUARIES, FRESH WATER, OCEANS, INVERTEBRATES, HISTORY, LIFE( BIOLOGY ...LIMITATIONS, LOW LEVEL, LOW TEMPERATURE, POPULATION, SALTS, SWAMPS, PROFILES, YOUTH, DOCUMENTS, WATER, FISHERIES, FLORIDA, SOUTH(DIRECTION), TAXONOMY , LIFE CYCLES, REPRODUCTION(PHYSIOLOGY)

  10. 40 CFR 86.161-00 - Air conditioning environmental test facility ambient requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... based on “blower in box” technology as an acceptable simulation of environmental air flow cooling for... of cell air circulation or if fan operational mechanics make the 0 mph air flow requirement impractical, air flow of 2 mph or less will be allowed at 0 mph vehicle speed. (3) The fan air flow...

  11. 10 CFR 51.20 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental impact statements. 51.20 Section 51.20 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the Commission, in the exercise of its discretion, has determined should be covered by an...

  12. 10 CFR 51.20 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental impact statements. 51.20 Section 51.20 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the Commission, in the exercise of its discretion, has determined should be covered by an...

  13. 10 CFR 51.20 - Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criteria for and identification of licensing and regulatory actions requiring environmental impact statements. 51.20 Section 51.20 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the Commission, in the exercise of its discretion, has determined should be covered by an...

  14. U.S. EPA requires Cupertino cement company to report toxic chemicals, commit to environmental projects

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    SAN FRANCISCO - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced a settlement with Lehigh Southwest Cement Company for failing to properly report releases of toxic chemicals at its Cupertino, Calif. plant. The company is required to pay a $47,600

  15. 30 CFR 250.1910 - What safety and environmental information is required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... fire protection features and systems and emergency evacuation procedures. ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What safety and environmental information is required? 250.1910 Section 250.1910 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION,...

  16. 10 CFR 503.34 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements. 503.34 Section 503.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS NEW FACILITIES... denial was based, including a performance comparison between the proposed technology and that technology...

  17. 10 CFR 503.23 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements. 503.23 Section 503.23 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS NEW FACILITIES..., including a performance comparison between the proposed technology and that technology which would provide...

  18. 10 CFR 503.23 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements. 503.23 Section 503.23 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS NEW FACILITIES..., including a performance comparison between the proposed technology and that technology which would provide...

  19. 10 CFR 503.34 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements. 503.34 Section 503.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS NEW FACILITIES... denial was based, including a performance comparison between the proposed technology and that technology...

  20. 10 CFR 503.34 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements. 503.34 Section 503.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS NEW FACILITIES... denial was based, including a performance comparison between the proposed technology and that technology...

  1. 10 CFR 503.23 - Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inability to comply with applicable environmental requirements. 503.23 Section 503.23 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS NEW FACILITIES..., including a performance comparison between the proposed technology and that technology which would provide...

  2. 36 CFR 223.30 - Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Consistency with plans, environmental standards, and other management requirements. 223.30 Section 223.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER...

  3. 21 CFR 25.20 - Actions requiring preparation of an environmental assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Actions requiring preparation of an environmental assessment. 25.20 Section 25.20 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... request, unless categorically excluded in §§ 25.30(d) or 25.32(h). (d) Disposition of FDA laboratory waste...

  4. 30 CFR 580.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental analysis? 580.30 Section 580.30 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE... limited nature such as shallow test drilling; (d) Water and biotic sampling, if the sampling does not...

  5. 30 CFR 580.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental analysis? 580.30 Section 580.30 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE... limited nature such as shallow test drilling; (d) Water and biotic sampling, if the sampling does not...

  6. 30 CFR 580.30 - What activities will not require environmental analysis?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What activities will not require environmental analysis? 580.30 Section 580.30 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE... limited nature such as shallow test drilling; (d) Water and biotic sampling, if the sampling does not...

  7. 43 CFR 3252.11 - What environmental requirements must I meet when conducting exploration operations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... meet when conducting exploration operations? 3252.11 Section 3252.11 Public Lands: Interior Regulations... MANAGEMENT (3000) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING Conducting Exploration Operations § 3252.11 What environmental requirements must I meet when conducting exploration operations? (a) You must conduct your exploration...

  8. 25 CFR Appendix A to Subpart D - Cultural Resource and Environmental Requirements for the IRR Program

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Cultural Resource and Environmental Requirements for the IRR Program A Appendix A to Subpart D Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian...

  9. 25 CFR 170.450 - What archeological and environmental requirements must the IRR Program meet?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What archeological and environmental requirements must the IRR Program meet? 170.450 Section 170.450 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian...

  10. 30 CFR 912.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE IDAHO § 912.783 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter, Underground Mining Permit...

  11. 30 CFR 922.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MICHIGAN § 922.783 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter, Underground Mining Permit...

  12. 30 CFR 937.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE OREGON § 937.783 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter, Underground Mining Permit...

  13. 30 CFR 910.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE GEORGIA § 910.783 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter, Underground Mining Permit...

  14. 30 CFR 939.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE RHODE ISLAND § 939.783 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter, Underground Mining Permit...

  15. 30 CFR 905.783 - Underground mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-Minimum... MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE CALIFORNIA § 905.783 Underground mining permit applications—Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. (a) Part 783 of this chapter, Underground Mining...

  16. 30 CFR 933.783 - Underground mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-minimum... MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA § 933.783 Underground mining permit applications—minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. Part 783 of this chapter, Underground...

  17. 30 CFR 903.783 - Underground mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground mining permit applications-Minimum... MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE ARIZONA § 903.783 Underground mining permit applications—Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. (a) Part 783 of this chapter, Underground Mining...

  18. 40 CFR 1502.4 - Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements. 1502.4 Section 1502.4 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON..., could significantly affect the quality of the human environment. Statements shall be prepared on such...

  19. 40 CFR 1502.4 - Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements. 1502.4 Section 1502.4 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON..., could significantly affect the quality of the human environment. Statements shall be prepared on such...

  20. 75 FR 80287 - Environmental Protection Agency Implementation of OMB Guidance on Drug-Free Workplace Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-22

    ... 40 CFR Part 36 Environmental Protection Agency Implementation of OMB Guidance on Drug-Free Workplace... workplace requirements for financial assistance. This regulatory action implements the OMB's initiative to streamline and consolidate into one title of the CFR all federal regulations on drug-free workplace...

  1. 14 CFR 1216.305 - Criteria for actions requiring environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Criteria for actions requiring environmental assessments. 1216.305 Section 1216.305 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION... assessment are: (1) Specific spacecraft development and flight projects in space science. (2)...

  2. 14 CFR 1216.305 - Criteria for actions requiring environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criteria for actions requiring environmental assessments. 1216.305 Section 1216.305 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... assessment are: (1) Specific spacecraft development and flight projects in space science. (2)...

  3. 14 CFR 1216.305 - Criteria for actions requiring environmental assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criteria for actions requiring environmental assessments. 1216.305 Section 1216.305 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... assessment are: (1) Specific spacecraft development and flight projects in space science. (2)...

  4. A decision-making framework to model environmental flow requirements in oasis areas using Bayesian networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xue, Jie; Gui, Dongwei; Zhao, Ying; Lei, Jiaqiang; Zeng, Fanjiang; Feng, Xinlong; Mao, Donglei; Shareef, Muhammad

    2016-09-01

    The competition for water resources between agricultural and natural oasis ecosystems has become an increasingly serious problem in oasis areas worldwide. Recently, the intensive extension of oasis farmland has led to excessive exploitation of water discharge, and consequently has resulted in a lack of water supply in natural oasis. To coordinate the conflicts, this paper provides a decision-making framework for modeling environmental flows in oasis areas using Bayesian networks (BNs). Three components are included in the framework: (1) assessment of agricultural economic loss due to meeting environmental flow requirements; (2) decision-making analysis using BNs; and (3) environmental flow decision-making under different water management scenarios. The decision-making criterion is determined based on intersection point analysis between the probability of large-level total agro-economic loss and the ratio of total to maximum agro-economic output by satisfying environmental flows. An application in the Qira oasis area of the Tarim Basin, Northwest China indicates that BNs can model environmental flow decision-making associated with agricultural economic loss effectively, as a powerful tool to coordinate water-use conflicts. In the case study, the environmental flow requirement is determined as 50.24%, 49.71% and 48.73% of the natural river flow in wet, normal and dry years, respectively. Without further agricultural economic loss, 1.93%, 0.66% and 0.43% of more river discharge can be allocated to eco-environmental water demands under the combined strategy in wet, normal and dry years, respectively. This work provides a valuable reference for environmental flow decision-making in any oasis area worldwide.

  5. Types, Problems and Their Causes, and Solutions to the Offences against the Environmental Laws by Probationers in Maha Sarakham Province

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanlu, Somchai; Singseewo, Adisak; Suksringarm, Paitool

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to explore types, problems and their causes, and solutions to the offences against the environmental laws of probationers in Maha Sarakham Province. The study comprised 2 phases: Phase 1 was a study of types of the offences against the environmental laws: and phase 2 was an interview with 25 people directly dealing with the…

  6. SPAN: A Network Providing Integrated, End-to-End, Sensor-to-Database Solutions for Environmental Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benzel, T.; Cho, Y. H.; Deschon, A.; Gullapalli, S.; Silva, F.

    2009-12-01

    In recent years, advances in sensor network technology have shown great promise to revolutionize environmental data collection. Still, wide spread adoption of these systems by domain experts has been lacking, and these have remained the purview of the engineers who design them. While there are many data logging options for basic data collection in the field currently, scientists are often required to visit the deployment sites to retrieve their data and manually import it into spreadsheets. Some advanced commercial software systems do allow scientists to collect data remotely, but most of these systems only allow point-to-point access, and require proprietary hardware. Furthermore, these commercial solutions preclude the use of sensors from other manufacturers or integration with internet based database repositories and compute engines. Therefore, scientists often must download and manually reformat their data before uploading it to the repositories if they wish to share their data. We present an open-source, low-cost, extensible, turnkey solution called Sensor Processing and Acquisition Network (SPAN) which provides a robust and flexible sensor network service. At the deployment site, SPAN leverages low-power generic embedded processors to integrate variety of commercially available sensor hardware to the network of environmental observation systems. By bringing intelligence close to the sensed phenomena, we can remotely control configuration and re-use, establish rules to trigger sensor activity, manage power requirements, and control the two-way flow of sensed data as well as control information to the sensors. Key features of our design include (1) adoption of a hardware agnostic architecture: our solutions are compatible with several programmable platforms, sensor systems, communication devices and protocols. (2) information standardization: our system supports several popular communication protocols and data formats, and (3) extensible data support: our

  7. Rubisco activity in guard cells compared with the solute requirement for stomatal opening. [Pisum sativum

    SciTech Connect

    Reckmann, U.; Scheibe, R.; Raschke, K. )

    1990-01-01

    We investigated whether the reductive pentose phosphate path in guard cells of Pisum sativum had the capacity to contribute significantly to the production of osmotica during stomatal opening in the light. Amounts of ribulose 1,5-bisphophate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) were determined by the ({sup 14}C) carboxyarabinitol bisphosphate assay. A guard cell contained about 1.2 and a mesophyll cell about 324 picograms of the enzyme; the ratio was 1:270. The specific activities of Rubisco in guard cells and in mesophyll cells were equal; there was no indication of a specific inhibitor of Rubisco in guard cells. Rubisco activity was 115 femtomol per guard-cell protoplast and hour. This value was different from zero with a probability of 0.99. After exposure of guard-cell protoplasts to {sup 14}CO{sub 2} for 2 seconds in the light, about one-half of the radioactivity was in phosphorylated compounds and <10% in malate. Guard cells in epidermal strips produced a different labelling pattern; in the light, <10% of the label was in phosphorylated compounds and about 60% in malate. The rate of solute accumulation in intact guard cells was estimated to have been 900 femto-osmol per cell and hour. If Rubisco operated at full capacity in guard cells, and hexoses were produced as osmotica, solutes could be supplied at a rate of 19femto-osmol per cell and hour, which would constitute 2% of the estimated requirement. The capacity of guard-cell Rubisco to meet the solute requirement for stomatal opening in leaves of Pisum sativum is insignificant.

  8. Rubisco Activity in Guard Cells Compared with the Solute Requirement for Stomatal Opening 1

    PubMed Central

    Reckmann, Udo; Scheibe, Renate; Raschke, Klaus

    1990-01-01

    We investigated whether the reductive pentose phosphate path in guard cells of Pisum sativum had the capacity to contribute significantly to the production of osmotica during stomatal opening in the light. Amounts of ribulose 1,5-bisphophate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) were determined by the [14C]carboxyarabinitol bisphosphate assay. A guard cell contained about 1.2 and a mesophyll cell about 324 picograms of the enzyme; the ratio was 1:270. The specific activities of Rubisco in guard cells and in mesophyll cells were equal; there was no indication of a specific inhibitor of Rubisco in guard cells. Rubisco activity was 115 femtomol per guard-cell protoplast and hour. This value was different from zero with a probability of 0.99. After exposure of guard-cell protoplasts to 14CO2 for 2 seconds in the light, about one-half of the radioactivity was in phosphorylated compounds and <10% in malate. Guard cells in epidermal strips produced a different labelling pattern; in the light, <10% of the label was in phosphorylated compounds and about 60% in malate. The rate of solute accumulation in intact guard cells was estimated to have been 900 femto-osmol per cell and hour. If Rubisco operated at full capacity in guard cells, and hexoses were produced as osmotica, solutes could be supplied at a rate of 19 femto-osmol per cell and hour, which would constitute 2% of the estimated requirement. The capacity of guard-cell Rubisco to meet the solute requirement for stomatal opening in leaves of Pisum sativum is insignificant. Images Figure 1 PMID:16667255

  9. Integration of Environmental Restoration and Decontamination and Dismantlement Requirements at the INEEL

    SciTech Connect

    C. L. Reese; D. J. Kuhns

    1999-02-01

    In 1997, the Environmental Restoration Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) determined that it was necessary to remediate a Comprehensive Environmental Response and Liability Act (CERCLA) site to address the risk of subsurface petroleum contamination to human health and the environment. This cleanup project was conducted utilizing the Non-time Critical Removal Action process. Due to the close proximity (above the contaminated soil) of a number of above ground storage tanks and a building, the CERCLA project team worked closely with the D&D group to ensure all requirements for each program were met. Lessons learned and regulatory requirements are discussed in the paper, including the factors unknown to many ER personnel regarding the steps required to be completed prior to the dismantlement of structures. The paper summarizes the background associated with the site, why the removal action was conducted, the scope of the removal action, and the results. The emphasis of the paper is to discuss the integration between ER and D&D requirements and processes. In the current environment where ER and D&D activities are commingled, it is imperative that ER and D&D personnel are aware of the requirements imposed upon each program. By working together and building upon the strengths of each program, the INEEL�s 1997 removal action was a tremendous success.

  10. Integration of Environmental Restoration and Decontamination and Dismantlement Requirements at the INEEL

    SciTech Connect

    Kuhns, Douglass Jack; Reese, Craig Lyle

    1999-03-01

    In 1997, the Environmental Restoration Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) determined that it was necessary to remediate a Comprehensive Environmental Response and Liability Act (CERCLA) site to address the risk of subsurface petroleum contamination to human health and the environment. This cleanup project was conducted utilizing the Non-time Critical Removal Action process. Due to the close proximity (above the contaminated soil) of a number of above ground storage tanks and a building, the CERCLA project team worked closely with the D&D group to ensure all requirements for each program were met. Lessons learned and regulatory requirements will be discussed in the paper, including the factors unknown to many ER personnel regarding the steps required to be completed prior to the dismantlement of structures. The paper will summarize the background associated with the site, why the removal action was conducted, the scope of the removal action, and the results. The emphasis of the paper will discuss the integration between ER and D&D requirements and processes. In the current environment where ER and D&D activities are commingled, it is imperative that ER and D&D personnel are aware of the requirements imposed upon each program. By working together and building upon the strengths of each program, the INEEL’s 1997 removal action was a tremendous success.

  11. Assessing data quality for a federal environmental restoration project: Rationalizing the requirements of multiple clients

    SciTech Connect

    Kiszka, V.R.; Carlsen, T.M.

    1994-07-01

    Most environmental restoration projects at federal facilities face the difficult task of melding the quality assurance (QA) requirements of multiple clients, as well as dealing with historical data that are often of unknown quality. At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), we have successfully integrated the requirements of our multiple clients by carefully developing a QA program that efficiently meets our clients` needs. The Site 300 Experimental Test Site is operated by LLNL in support of its national defense program. The responsibility for conducting environmental contaminant investigations and restoration at Site 300 is vested in the Site 300 Environmental Restoration Project (Site 300 ERP) of LLNL`s Environmental Restoration Division. LLNL Site 300 ERP must comply with the QA requirements of several clients, which include: the LLNL Environmental Protection Department, the DOE, the US Environmental Protection Agency-Region IX (EPA), the California Regional Water Quality Control Board -- Central Valley Region, and the California Department of Toxic Substances Control. This comprehensive QA program was used to determine the acceptability of historical data. The Site 300 ERP began soil and ground water investigations in 1982. However, we did not begin receiving analytical quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) data until 1989; therefore, the pre-1989 data that were collected are of unknown quality. The US EPA QAMS-005/80 defines data quality as the totality of features and characteristics of data that bears on its ability to satisfy a given purpose. In the current context, the characteristics of major importance are accuracy, precision, completeness, representativeness, and comparability. Using our established QA program, we determined the quality of this historical data based on its comparability to the post-1989 data. By accepting this historical data, we were able to save a considerable amount of money in recharacterization costs.

  12. Security requirements and solutions in electronic health records: lessons learned from a comparative study.

    PubMed

    Farzandipour, Mehrdad; Sadoughi, Farahnaz; Ahmadi, Maryam; Karimi, Iraj

    2010-08-01

    A growing capacity of information technologies in collection, storage and transmission of information in unprecedented amounts has produced significant problems about the availability of wide limit of the consumers of Electronic Health Records of Patients. With regard to the existence of many approaches to developing Electronic Health Records, the basic question is what kind of Model is suitable for the guarantee of the security of Electronic Health Records? The present study is a descriptive-comparative investigation conducted in Iran in 2007, along with comparisons made Electronic health records information security requirements of Australia, Canada, England and U.S.A with. The research was based on the study of texts such as articles, library's books and journals and reliable websites from 1992 to 2006. Based on the collected data, a primary Model was designed. The Delphi Technique was offered to evaluate the questionnaire and final Model was designed and proposed. Australia, Canada, England and U.S.A have requirements related to organizing information security, classifying and controlling information asset, security of human resources, environmental and physical security, Operational and communication management security, information access control security and development and Maintenance security of Electronic Health Records information systems. In the U.S.A, the above security requirements are presented in administrative, Physical and Technical safeguards. Based on the research findings, a comprehensive model of electronic health record security requirements in seven pivots is presented for Iran. This model is a collection of EHR security requirements from studied countries. The studied countries are solely subject to part of elements of this model. The suggested model is different from the ones used in other countries in some respects and is recommended for application in Iran.

  13. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Northwest): Olympia oyster

    SciTech Connect

    Couch, D. . Coll. of Natural Resources); Hassler, T.J. . California Cooperative Fishery Research Unit)

    1989-12-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessments. Olympia oysters initially spawn as males then alternate their functional genders. Spawning begins at 13-16 {degree}C and occurs from spring to fall. After a short planktonic stage, larvae attach to the substrate. Olympia oysters thrive at salinities of 25 ppt or above; they are killed by freezing temperatures. Olympia oysters once supported large sustenance and commercial fisheries. Olympia oysters have not returned to pre-exploitation population levels which declined because of pollution and loss of habitat. 32 refs., 2 figs.

  14. A synthesis of environmental and recreational mitigation requirements at hydropower projects in the United States

    DOE PAGES

    Schramm, Michael P.; Bevelhimer, Mark S.; DeRolph, Chris R.

    2016-04-11

    Environmental mitigation plays an important role in the environmentally sustainable development of hydropower resources. However, comprehensive data on mitigation required by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) at United States (US) hydropower projects is lacking. Therefore, our objective was to create a comprehensive database of mitigation required at non-federal hydropower projects and provide a synthesis of available mitigation data. Mitigation data was collated for over 300 plants licensed or relicensed from 1998 through 2013. We observed that the majority of FERC mitigation requirements deal with either hydrologic flows or recreation and that hydropower plants in the Pacific Northwest had themore » highest number of requirements. Our data indicate opportunities exist to further explore hydropower mitigation in the areas of environmental flows, fish passage, and water quality. Lastly, connecting these data with ecological outcomes, actual flow data, and larger landscape level information will be necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of mitigation and ultimately inform regulators, managers, and planners.« less

  15. 33 CFR Appendix C to Part 273 - Information Requirements for Aquatic Plant Control Program Environmental Impact Statements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... Relationship to environmental situation. Non-target organisms and integrated pest management programs. 2... areas. Discuss areas of potential contamination. i. Container disposal. Discuss disposal requirements. j...

  16. 33 CFR Appendix C to Part 273 - Information Requirements for Aquatic Plant Control Program Environmental Impact Statements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... Relationship to environmental situation. Non-target organisms and integrated pest management programs. 2... areas. Discuss areas of potential contamination. i. Container disposal. Discuss disposal requirements. j...

  17. New results gained with the GSP process for the gasification of pulverized coal, description of the feeding system and solution of environmental problems

    SciTech Connect

    Berger, F.; Brandt, H.; Kretschmer, H.; Richter, H.; Schingnitz, M.

    1988-01-01

    Both economic analyses and analyses concerning the solution of problems of environmental protection have shown that gasification of coal and the conversion of the produced gas into electrical energy, SNG or syntheses gas is getting more and more attractive. Since 1983 a gasification complex working according to the GSP process has been in operation at Gaskombinat Schwarze Pumpe in the GDR. It produces more than 50 000 m/sup 3/ raw gas per hour from these coals. The present paper describes technical and technological solutions, practical results and experience gained during operation as a precondition for the construction of large-scale gas works with an annual output of two to four billions m/sup 3/ raw gas. When discussing these problems it is demonstrated that the environmental compatibility of this coal gasification process meets the highest requirements even if coal that is rich in ash and sulphur and contains salt is used.

  18. Requirements for quality control of analytical data for the Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect

    Engels, J.

    1992-12-01

    The Environmental Restoration (ER) Program was established for the investigation and remediation of inactive US Department of Energy (DOE) sites and facilities that have been declared surplus in terms of their previous uses. The purpose of this document is to Specify ER requirements for quality control (QC) of analytical data. Activities throughout all phases of the investigation may affect the quality of the final data product, thus are subject to control specifications. Laboratory control is emphasized in this document, and field concerns will be addressed in a companion document Energy Systems, in its role of technical coordinator and at the request of DOE-OR, extends the application of these requirements to all participants in ER activities. Because every instance and concern may not be addressed in this document, participants are encouraged to discuss any questions with the ER Quality Assurance (QA) Office, the Analytical Environmental Support Group (AESG), or the Analytical Project Office (APO).

  19. Concentration distribution of environmental dispersion in a wetland flow: Extended solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Wei-Quan; Wang, Ping; Chen, G. Q.

    2017-06-01

    Hydrological processes of contaminant transport in wetland flows are characterized by environmental dispersion. For concentration distribution of scalar dispersion, the preliminary estimate of vertical distribution (Wu et al., 2015) on small time scale is rigorously extended to account for high order effects as skewness and kurtosis. Based on a combination of Aris' method of concentration moments and Gill's generalized dispersion model, up to fourth order terms of vertical distribution functions and full-time two-dimensional concentration distribution are derived. The increments of damping factor, mainly representing the density of vegetation in wetlands, is shown to strengthen the mean distribution asymmetry and reduce the longitudinal dispersivity (with respect to skewness and kurtosis), and to increase the non-uniformity of vertical distribution. Therefore, dense vegetation corresponding to a large damping factor will postpone the time when Taylor's dispersion model holds, and the first order approximation becomes rough on small time scale, demanding higher order modifications. The results provide more detailed and more accurate analytical solution for the typical environmental dispersion in wetland flows.

  20. Association and Diffusion of Li(+) in Carboxymethylcellulose Solutions for Environmentally Friendly Li-ion Batteries.

    PubMed

    Casalegno, Mosè; Castiglione, Franca; Passarello, Marco; Mele, Andrea; Passerini, Stefano; Raos, Guido

    2016-07-21

    Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) has been proposed as a polymeric binder for electrodes in environmentally friendly Li-ion batteries. Its physical properties and interaction with Li(+) ions in water are interesting not only from the point of view of electrode preparation-processability in water is one of the main reasons for its environmental friendliness-but also for its possible application in aqueous Li-ion batteries. We combine molecular dynamics simulations and variable-time pulsed field gradient spin-echo (PFGSE) NMR spectroscopy to investigate Li(+) transport in CMC-based solutions. Both the simulations and experimental results show that, at concentrations at which Li-CMC has a gel-like consistency, the Li(+) diffusion coefficient is still very close to that in water. These Li(+) ions interact preferentially with the carboxylate groups of CMC, giving rise to a rich variety of coordination patterns. However, the diffusion of Li(+) in these systems is essentially unrestricted, with a fast, nanosecond-scale exchange of the ions between CMC and the aqueous environment. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. Environmentally friendly aqueous solution synthesis of hierarchical CaWO4 microspheres at room temperature.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wenshou; Zhen, Liang; Xu, Chengyan; Zhang, Baoyou; Shao, Wenzhu

    2008-03-01

    An environmentally friendly route for the synthesis of hierarchical CaWO4 microspheres with novel morphology at room temperature has been successfully developed. CaCl2 and Na2WO4 were used as reaction regents, and distilled water was used as an environmentally friendly solvent. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and photoluminescence spectroscopy. This green wet-chemical route provides a simple, one-step, low-cost approach for the large-scale synthesis of hierarchical CaWO4 microspheres with relatively uniform diameters of 3-6 microm. The hierarchical microspheres are built up with numerous nanorods with an average diameter of 50 nm, which are radially oriented to the microsphere center. SEM observations of different intermediates indicate the possible growth process, in which the hierarchical structure growth is from nuclei through kayak-like, rod-like, peanut-like, dumbbell-like, and peach-like structures to final microspheres, via "self-assembled preferential end growth" of kayak-like particles in aqueous solution. The hierarchical CaWO4 microspheres exhibit a strong, broad blue emission peak of 412 nm.

  2. Environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs)-2. Are free hydroxyl radicals generated in aqueous solutions?

    PubMed

    Khachatryan, Lavrent; Dellinger, Barry

    2011-11-01

    A chemical spin trap, 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO), in conjunction with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was employed to measure the production of hydroxyl radical (·OH) in aqueous suspensions of 5% Cu(II)O/silica (3.9% Cu) particles containing environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) of 2-monochlorophenol (2-MCP). The results indicate: (1) a significant differences in accumulated DMPO-OH adducts between EPFR containing particles and non-EPFR control samples, (2) a strong correlation between the concentration of DMPO-OH adducts and EPFRs per gram of particles, and (3) a slow, constant growth of DMPO-OH concentration over a period of days in solution containing 50 μg/mL EPFRs particles + DMPO (150 mM) + reagent balanced by 200 μL phosphate buffered (pH = 7.4) saline. However, failure to form secondary radicals using standard scavengers, such as ethanol, dimethylsulfoxide, sodium formate, and sodium azide, suggests free hydroxyl radicals may not have been generated in solution. This suggests surface-bound, rather than free, hydroxyl radicals were generated by a surface catalyzed-redox cycle involving both the EPFRs and Cu(II)O. Toxicological studies clearly indicate these bound free radicals promote various types of cardiovascular and pulmonary disease normally attributed to unbound free radicals; however, the exact chemical mechanism deserves further study in light of the implication of formation of bound, rather than free, hydroxyl radicals.

  3. Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs). 3. Free versus Bound Hydroxyl Radicals in EPFR Aqueous Solutions

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Additional experimental evidence is presented for in vitro generation of hydroxyl radicals because of redox cycling of environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) produced after adsorption of 2-monochlorophenol at 230 °C (2-MCP-230) on copper oxide supported by silica, 5% Cu(II)O/silica (3.9% Cu). A chemical spin trapping agent, 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO), in conjunction with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was employed. Experiments in spiked O17 water have shown that ∼15% of hydroxyl radicals formed as a result of redox cycling. This amount of hydroxyl radicals arises from an exogenous Fenton reaction and may stay either partially trapped on the surface of particulate matter (physisorbed or chemisorbed) or transferred into solution as free OH. Computational work confirms the highly stable nature of the DMPO–OH adduct, as an intermediate produced by interaction of DMPO with physisorbed/chemisorbed OH (at the interface of solid catalyst/solution). All reaction pathways have been supported by ab initio calculations. PMID:25036238

  4. Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Northwest). Dungeness Crab.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-08-01

    Department of the Interior U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Biological Report 82(11.63) TR EL-82-4 August 1986 Species Profiles: Life Histories and...biologists with a brief comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental requirements of the species and to describe how populations of...depth increased fouling. Egg predation by a (Reilly 1983a, 1985). Distribution is nemertean worm, Carcinonemertes er- dependent upon the larval stage

  5. Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Southwest). Dungeness Crab

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-01

    AD-A224 837 Biological Report 82(11.121) TR EL-82-4 December 1989 13W i~L COPXYO C hE PYDTIC Species Profiles: Life Histories and ELECTE... Biological Report 82 (11.121) TR EL-82-4 December 1989 Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates...importance. The profiles are designed to provide coastal managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief comprehensive sketch of the biological

  6. Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (South Atlantic). BLUE CRAB,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-01

    Team Division of Biological Services Research and Development Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Department of the Interior Washington, DC 20240 0 0 This...managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental require- ments of the species...egg cases on swim- are bright orange; but they become merets or the occurrence of large, yellow, brown, and then dark brown briqht-red adult nemertean

  7. Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Southwest). Chinook Salmon.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    N Environmental Requirements of Coastal FishesN and Invertebrates (Pacific Southwest) N4 Coastal Ecology Group A, Fish and Wildlife Service Waterways...For Coastal Ecology Group Waterways Experiment Station U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Vicksburg, MS 39180 and Accesion For National Coastal Ecosystems...pI~i~ PREFACE This species profile is one of a series on coastal aquatic organisms, principally fish, of sport, commercial, or ecological importance

  8. Barriers and potential solutions for Critical Zone data integration between environmental genomics and the geosciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aronson, E. L.; Meyer, F.; Packman, A. I.; Mayorga, E.

    2015-12-01

    The Earth's permeable near-surface layer from bedrock to canopy is referred to as the Critical Zone (CZ). Integration of bio- and geoscience data is critical for understanding physical, biological and chemical interactions in the CZ. Genomic and meta-genomic scientists study organisms both in laboratory settings and in the environment, in order to understand the interactions of organisms with the environment. Geoscientists are using environmental data to describe and model dynamics of physical and chemical properties. Yet, there is no agreed upon method for integrating genomic and environmental data to address interactions of living and non-living components of the CZ. There are standards for data interchange being developed in the geosciences and genomics sciences, via standards organization such as the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), as well as by research communities in biogeochemistry, hydrology, climatology, and other fields. These are in parallel to, but typically not in coordination with the standards the Genomics Standards Consortium (GSC) is developing for genomics. In addition, efforts are being made to allow for intercompatability of these CZ data with data generated by NEON, Inc. The interoperability of these types of data is limited with current software and cyberinfrastructure. A group of CZ geoscientists, environmental genomic scientists and cyberinfrastructure scientists are coming together to develop a set of common data collection and integration methods and sets of common standards. The data generated by this effort across multiple CZ sites (including the US CZ Observatories, or CZOs) around the world, along with NEON facility data, will be used to test EarthCube (an NSF initiative to develop cyberinfrastructure for the geosciences) cyberinfrastructure, with the goal of bridging this gap in standards and interoperability. Potential solutions to these issues of interoperability will be presented, and a way forward will be described.

  9. Laboratory emissivity measurements of the plagioclase solid solution series under varying environmental conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donaldson Hanna, K. L.; Thomas, I. R.; Bowles, N. E.; Greenhagen, B. T.; Pieters, C. M.; Mustard, J. F.; Jackson, C. R. M.; Wyatt, M. B.

    2012-11-01

    New laboratory thermal infrared emissivity measurements of the plagioclase solid solution series over the 1700 ˜ 400 cm-1 (6-25 μm) spectral range are presented. Thermal infrared (TIR) spectral changes for fine-particulate samples (0-25 μm) are characterized for the first time under different laboratory environmental conditions: ambient (terrestrial-like), half-vacuum (Mars-like), vacuum, and vacuum with cooled chamber (lunar-like). Under all environmental conditions the Christiansen Feature (CF) is observed to vary in a systematic way with Na-rich end-member (albite) having a CF position at the highest wave number (shortest wavelength) and the Ca-rich end-member (anorthite) having a CF position with the lowest wave number (longest wavelength). As pressure decreases to <10-3 mbar four observations are made: (1) the CF position shifts to higher wave numbers, (2) the spectral contrast of the CF increases relative to the RB, (3) the spectral contrast of the RB in the ˜1200-900 spectral range decreases while the spectral contrast of the RB in the ˜800-400 spectral range either increases or remains the same and (4) the TF disappears. A relationship between the wavelength position of the CF measured under simulated lunar conditions and plagioclase composition (An#) is developed. Although its exact form may evolve with additional data, this linear relationship should be applied to current and future TIR data sets of the Moon. Our new spectral measurements demonstrate how sensitive thermal infrared emissivity spectra of plagioclase feldspars are to the environmental conditions under which they are measured and provide important constraints for interpreting current and future thermal infrared data sets.

  10. Environmental solutions for the sustainable production of bioactive natural products from the marine sponge Crambe crambe.

    PubMed

    Pérez-López, Paula; Ternon, Eva; González-García, Sara; Genta-Jouve, Grégory; Feijoo, Gumersindo; Thomas, Olivier P; Moreira, Ma Teresa

    2014-03-15

    Crambe crambe is a Mediterranean marine sponge known to produce original natural substances belonging to two families of guanidine alkaloids, namely crambescins and crambescidins, which exhibit cytotoxic and antiviral activities. These compounds are therefore considered as potential anticancer drugs. The present study focuses on the environmental assessment of a novel in vivo process for the production of pure crambescin and crambescidin using sponge specimens cultured in aquarium. The assessment was performed following the ISO 14040 standard and extended from the production of the different mass and energy flows to the system to the growth of the sponge in indoor aquarium and further periodic extraction and purification of the bioactive compounds. According to the results, the two stages that have a remarkable contribution to all impact categories are the purification of the bioactive molecules followed by the maintenance of the sponge culture in the aquarium. Among the involved activities, the production of the chemicals (particularly methanol) together with the electricity requirements (especially due to the aquarium lighting) are responsible for up to 90% of the impact in most of the assessed categories. However, the contributions of other stages to the environmental burdens, such as the collection of sponges, considerably depend on the assumptions made during the inventory stage. The simulation of alternative scenarios has led to propose improvement alternatives that may allow significant reductions ranging from 20% to 70%, mainly thanks to the reduction of electricity requirements as well as the partial reuse of methanol. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Solution-processed solar cells based on environmentally friendly AgBiS2 nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernechea, María; Miller, Nichole Cates; Xercavins, Guillem; So, David; Stavrinadis, Alexandros; Konstantatos, Gerasimos

    2016-08-01

    Solution-processed inorganic solar cells are a promising low-cost alternative to first-generation solar cells. Solution processing at low temperatures combined with the use of non-toxic and abundant elements can help minimize fabrication costs and facilitate regulatory acceptance. However, at present, there is no material that exhibits all these features while demonstrating promising efficiencies. Many of the candidates being explored contain toxic elements such as lead or cadmium (perovskites, PbS, CdTe and CdS(Se)) or scarce elements such as tellurium or indium (CdTe and CIGS(Se)/CIS). Others require high-temperature processes such as selenization or sintering, or rely on vacuum deposition techniques (Sb2S(Se)3, SnS and CZTS(Se)). Here, we present AgBiS2 nanocrystals as a non-toxic, earth-abundant material for high-performance, solution-processed solar cells fabricated under ambient conditions at low temperatures (≤100 °C). We demonstrate devices with a certified power conversion efficiency of 6.3%, with no hysteresis and a short-circuit current density of ˜22 mA cm-2 for an active layer thickness of only ˜35 nm.

  12. Design requirements, challenges, and solutions for high-temperature falling particle receivers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Christian, Joshua; Ho, Clifford

    2016-05-01

    Falling particle receivers (FPR) utilize small particles as a heat collecting medium within a cavity receiver structure. Previous analysis for FPR systems include computational fluid dynamics (CFD), analytical evaluations, and experiments to determine the feasibility and achievability of this CSP technology. Sandia National Laboratories has fabricated and tested a 1 MWth FPR that consists of a cavity receiver, top hopper, bottom hopper, support structure, particle elevator, flux target, and instrumentation. Design requirements and inherent challenges were addressed to enable continuous operation of flowing particles under high-flux conditions and particle temperatures over 700 °C. Challenges include being able to withstand extremely high temperatures (up to 1200°C on the walls of the cavity), maintaining particle flow and conveyance, measuring temperatures and mass flow rates, filtering out debris, protecting components from direct flux spillage, and measuring irradiance in the cavity. Each of the major components of the system is separated into design requirements, associated challenges and corresponding solutions. The intent is to provide industry and researchers with lessons learned to avoid pitfalls and technical problems encountered during the development of Sandia's prototype particle receiver system at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility (NSTTF).

  13. Proposed solutions to environmental regulations trade imbalances and unstable prices in the US petroleum industry

    SciTech Connect

    Jackson, R.D.

    1995-12-31

    The United States petroleum industry is facing several critical problems as it struggles to meet the nation`s energy demands. Environmental demands place a burden on the domestic industry that is not shared by foreign countries. Environmental laws are, in effect, an assignment by society of the benefit-to-cost ratio of the pollutant(s) being regulated. Lawmakers and regulators seldom consider that the promulgated regulations require industry to invest part of their resources (and, thus, part of our GNP) to produce this result. This is an important consideration in determining if the mandated result is worth the resource investment. All regulations are not bad, but they do require an investment of finite resources to gain a desired result. It is important to determine if accomplishing the mandated goal justifies the allocation of the required resources. Another critical and frightening problem faced by the United States is the massive importation of foreign energy, which further erodes our national productivity and balance of payments. This continued growth or deficit energy financing results in the selling of ourselves to other countries. They own our energy deficit dollars and we pay an ever increasing amount of interest on our {open_quotes}energy loan{close_quotes}. The energy deficit problem is further compounded by market instability and variability primarily caused by the trading of crude oil and product futures on the Mercantile Exchange. This price {open_quotes}roller coaster{close_quotes} began in early 1986 and continues to create financial chaos in the U.S. refining industry.

  14. 42 CFR 137.285 - Are Self-Governance Tribes required to accept Federal environmental responsibilities to enter...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-Governance Tribes required to accept Federal environmental responsibilities to enter into a construction... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Are Self-Governance Tribes required to accept Federal environmental responsibilities to enter into a construction project agreement? 137.285 Section...

  15. Environmental Restoration Program quality system requirements for the Hanford Site. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect

    Cote, R.F.

    1993-11-01

    This document defines the quality system requirements for the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office, Environmental Restoration Program at the Hanford Site. The Quality System Requirements (OSR) for the Hanford Site integrates quality assurance requirements from the US Department of Energy Orders, the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), and applicable industry standards into a single source document for the development of quality systems applicable to the Environmental Restoration Program activities. This document, based on fifteen criteria and divided intro three parts, provides user organizations with the flexibility to incorporate only those criteria and parts applicable to their specific scopes of work. The requirements of this document shall be applied to activities that affect quality based on a graded approach that takes into consideration the risk inherent in, as well as the importance of, specific items, services, and activities in terms of meeting ER Program objectives and customer expectations. The individual quality systems developed in accordance with this document are intended to provide an integrated management control system that assures the conduct of ER Program activities in a manner that protects human health and the environment.

  16. Space construction base support requirements for environmental control and life support systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thiele, R. J.; Secord, T. C.; Murphy, G. L.

    1977-01-01

    A Space Station analysis study is being performed for NASA which identifies cost-effective Space Station options that can provide a space facility capable of performing space construction, space manufacturing, cosmological research, earth services, and other functions. A space construction base concept for the construction of large structures, such as those needed to implement satellite solar power for earth usage, will be used as a basis for discussing requirements that impact the design selection, level of integration, and operation of environmental control and life support systems (ECLSS). The space construction base configuration also provides a basic Space Station facility that can accommodate biological manufacturing modules, ultrapure glasses manufacturing modules, and modules for other services in a building-block fashion. Examples of special problems that could dictate hardware required to augment the basic ECLSS for autonomous modules will be highlighted. Additionally, overall intravehicular (IVA) and extravehicular (EVA) activities and requirements that could impact the basic station ECLSS degree of closure are discussed.

  17. Space construction base support requirements for environmental control and life support systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thiele, R. J.; Secord, T. C.; Murphy, G. L.

    1977-01-01

    A Space Station analysis study is being performed for NASA which identifies cost-effective Space Station options that can provide a space facility capable of performing space construction, space manufacturing, cosmological research, earth services, and other functions. A space construction base concept for the construction of large structures, such as those needed to implement satellite solar power for earth usage, will be used as a basis for discussing requirements that impact the design selection, level of integration, and operation of environmental control and life support systems (ECLSS). The space construction base configuration also provides a basic Space Station facility that can accommodate biological manufacturing modules, ultrapure glasses manufacturing modules, and modules for other services in a building-block fashion. Examples of special problems that could dictate hardware required to augment the basic ECLSS for autonomous modules will be highlighted. Additionally, overall intravehicular (IVA) and extravehicular (EVA) activities and requirements that could impact the basic station ECLSS degree of closure are discussed.

  18. Results of the user survey of functional requirements for the Oak Ridge Environmental Information System

    SciTech Connect

    1995-03-01

    The Oak Ridge Environmental Information System (OREIS) user survey of functional requirements was conducted in the spring and summer of 1994 to allow representatives of the OREIS user community to review and confirm the functionality of the OREIS system and to provide a method to document user acceptance of the system. The results of the survey confirm that the OREIS system meets data and functional requirements of the users. It further emphasizes that the user community is quite diverse, with many different needs for and perspectives about OREIS, and with varying needs for access and use of software tools. To meet the needs of a diverse and potentially changing user community, OREIS staff will survey the user community periodically to obtain input on changes to user requirements for future versions of the system.

  19. Evaluation of environmental flow requirements using eco-hydrologic-hydraulic methods in perennial rivers.

    PubMed

    Abdi, Reza; Yasi, Mehdi

    2015-01-01

    The assessment of environmental flows in rivers is of vital importance for preserving riverine ecosystem processes. This paper addresses the evaluation of environmental flow requirements in three reaches along a typical perennial river (the Zab transboundary river, in north-west Iran), using different hydraulic, hydrological and ecological methods. The main objective of this study came from the construction of three dams and inter-basin transfer of water from the Zab River to the Urmia Lake. Eight hydrological methods (i.e. Tennant, Tessman, flow duration curve analysis, range of variability approach, Smakhtin, flow duration curve shifting, desktop reserve and 7Q2&10 (7-day low flow with a 2- and 10-year return period)); two hydraulic methods (slope value and maximum curvature); and two habitat simulation methods (hydraulic-ecologic, and Q Equation based on water quality indices) were used. Ecological needs of the riverine key species (mainly Barbus capito fish), river geometries, natural flow regime and the environmental status of river management were the main indices for determining the minimum flow requirements. The results indicate that the order of 35%, 17% and 18% of the mean annual flow are to be maintained for the upper, middle and downstream river reaches, respectively. The allocated monthly flow rates in the three Dams steering program are not sufficient to preserve the Zab River life.

  20. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic)

    SciTech Connect

    Hill, J. . School of Forest Resources); Evans, J.W.; Van Den Avyle, M.J. . Georgia Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit)

    1989-12-01

    This species profile is one of a series on coastal aquatic organisms, principally fish, of sport, commercial, or ecological importance. The profiles are designed to provide coastal managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental requirements of the species and to describe how populations of the species may be expected to react to environmental changes caused by coastal development. Each profile has sections on taxonomy, life history, ecological role, environmental requirements, and economic importance, if applicable. Striped bass are native to coastal rivers and nearshore areas. Populations along the South Atlantic coast are primarily riverine. Spawning begins as early as February and peaks at temperatures of 18--21{degrees}C. Spawning usually occurs in downstream portions of river systems having appropriate waterflow, salinity, temperature, and other water quality characteristics. Striped bass populations have declined since the early 1900's, but enough fish have survived or been restored to support commercial fishing in Albemarle Sound and recreational fishing in most major rivers along the South Atlantic coastline. Striped bass are predators and prey on many sympatric invertebrates and fishes. Larval striped bass feed on aquatic invertebrates and switch to feed on small fish as juveniles and adults. 200 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.