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Sample records for er yt dy

  1. Ternary Dy-Er-Al magnetic refrigerants

    DOEpatents

    Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A.; Takeya, Hiroyuki

    1995-07-25

    A ternary magnetic refrigerant material comprising (Dy.sub.1-x Er.sub.x)Al.sub.2 for a magnetic refrigerator using the Joule-Brayton thermodynamic cycle spanning a temperature range from about 60K to about 10K, which can be adjusted by changing the Dy to Er ratio of the refrigerant.

  2. Ternary Dy-Er-Al magnetic refrigerants

    DOEpatents

    Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Takeya, Hiroyuki

    1995-07-25

    A ternary magnetic refrigerant material comprising (Dy{sub 1{minus}x}Er{sub x})Al{sub 2} for a magnetic refrigerator using the Joule-Brayton thermodynamic cycle spanning a temperature range from about 60K to about 10K, which can be adjusted by changing the Dy to Er ratio of the refrigerant. 29 figs.

  3. Magnetic structure of dysprosium in epitaxial Dy films and in Dy/Er superlattices

    SciTech Connect

    Dumesnil, K.; Dufour, C.; Mangin, P.; Marchal, G.; Hennion, M.

    1996-09-01

    We present a magnetization and neutron-diffraction study of the basal plane magnetic structure of Dy epitaxial films and Dy/Er superlattices. The thermal evolution of the magnetic phases, the stability of the helical phase under a magnetic field, the thermal variation of the dysprosium in-plane and {ital c} parameters, and of the dysprosium turn angle are successively shown. In Dy/Er superlattices, the dysprosium helix propagates coherently through paramagnetic erbium; at low temperature, individual dysprosium layers undergo a ferromagnetic transition and are coupled antiferromagnetically to each other for erbium layers thicknesses larger than 20 A. In dysprosium films, as expected from the epitaxy effect, the Curie temperature of dysprosium is reduced if dysprosium is grown on yttrium and increased if it is grown on erbium, whereas it is unexpectedly close to the bulk value in Dy/Er superlattices. This amazing value of the Curie temperature in superlattices is correlated to two main experimentally observed effects: (i) the magnetoelastic driving force is reduced compared to bulk dysprosium because of the clamped {gamma} distortion; (ii) the difference between the exchange energies in the helical and the ferromagnetic phases is increased compared to the bulk value. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  4. Photoluminescence properties of thermographic phosphors YAG:Dy and YAG:Dy, Er doped with boron and nitrogen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chepyga, Liudmyla M.; Jovicic, Gordana; Vetter, Andreas; Osvet, Andres; Brabec, Christoph J.; Batentschuk, Miroslaw

    2016-08-01

    This paper investigates Dy3+-doped and Dy3+, Er3+-co-doped yttrium aluminum garnets (YAG) with the admixture of boron nitride with the aim of using them as efficient thermographic phosphors at high temperatures. The phosphors were synthesized using a conventional high-temperature solid-state method. The influence of two fluxes, B2O3 and LiF/NH4F, and the effect of activator and coactivator concentrations were investigated. Additionally, the effect of B3+ and N3- substituting for Al3+ and O2- ions, respectively, in the YAG:Dy3+ co-doped with Er3+ was studied for the first time. The changes in the host lattice led to a much stronger photoluminescence compared with the samples without B3+ and N3- substitution. The admixture of BN also improves the thermal sensitivity of the YAG:Dy and YAG:Dy, Er thermographic phosphors.

  5. Emergence of Chaotic Scattering in Ultracold Er and Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maier, T.; Kadau, H.; Schmitt, M.; Wenzel, M.; Ferrier-Barbut, I.; Pfau, T.; Frisch, A.; Baier, S.; Aikawa, K.; Chomaz, L.; Mark, M. J.; Ferlaino, F.; Makrides, C.; Tiesinga, E.; Petrov, A.; Kotochigova, S.

    2015-10-01

    We show that for ultracold magnetic lanthanide atoms chaotic scattering emerges due to a combination of anisotropic interaction potentials and Zeeman coupling under an external magnetic field. This scattering is studied in a collaborative experimental and theoretical effort for both dysprosium and erbium. We present extensive atom-loss measurements of their dense magnetic Feshbach-resonance spectra, analyze their statistical properties, and compare to predictions from a random-matrix-theory-inspired model. Furthermore, theoretical coupled-channels simulations of the anisotropic molecular Hamiltonian at zero magnetic field show that weakly bound, near threshold diatomic levels form overlapping, uncoupled chaotic series that when combined are randomly distributed. The Zeeman interaction shifts and couples these levels, leading to a Feshbach spectrum of zero-energy bound states with nearest-neighbor spacings that changes from randomly to chaotically distributed for increasing magnetic field. Finally, we show that the extreme temperature sensitivity of a small, but sizable fraction of the resonances in the Dy and Er atom-loss spectra is due to resonant nonzero partial-wave collisions. Our threshold analysis for these resonances indicates a large collision-energy dependence of the three-body recombination rate.

  6. Structural and photoluminescence properties of Ce, Dy, Er-doped ZnO nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Jayachandraiah, C.; Kumar, K. Siva; Krishnaiah, G.

    2015-06-24

    Undoped ZnO and rare earth elements (Ce, Dy and Er with 2 at. %) doped nanoparticles were synthesized by wet chemical co-precipitation method at 90°C with Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as capping agent. The structural, morphological, compositional and photoluminescence studies were performed with X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), FTIR spectroscopy and Photoluminescence (PL) respectively. XRD results revealed hexagonal wurtzite structure with average particle size around 18 nm - 14 nm and are compatible with TEM results. EDS confirm the incorporation of Ce, Dy and Er elements into the host ZnO matrix and is validated by FTIR analysis. PL studies showed a broad intensive emission peak at 558 nm in all the samples. The intensity for Er- doped ZnO found maximum with additional Er shoulder peaks at 516nm and 538 nm. No Ce, Dy emission centers were found in spectra.

  7. Exchange spring switching in Er-doped DyFe2/YFe2 magnetic thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stenning, G. B. G.; Bowden, G. J.; de Groot, P. A. J.; van der Laan, G.; Figueroa, A. I.; Bencok, P.; Steadman, P.; Hesjedal, T.

    2015-09-01

    Reversible magnetic exchange springs can be formed in multilayer films, grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Here we demonstrate that small amounts of anisotropic ErFe2, placed in the middle of the YFe2 magnetic exchange springs, can bring about substantial changes. Results are presented for an Er-doped (110)-oriented multilayer film, at 100 K in fields of up to ±14 T. Using both Er and Dy-specific soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism and micromagnetic modeling, it is demonstrated that Er doping gives rise to (i) noncollinear exchange spring states in zero field, (ii) magnetic exchange spring collapse, (iii) a marked increase in the number of different exchange spring states available to the system, and (iv) strikingly different Er and Dy magnetization loops. Full and partial loops are presented for both the in-plane hard and easy axes. The magnetization loops for Dy sublattice show that at least ten different exchange spring states are accessed during magnetic reversal. Magnetic switching scenarios, involving mixtures of Néel-like and Bloch-like domain walls, are presented and discussed.

  8. The normal and inverse magnetocaloric effect in RCu2 (R=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, X. Q.; Xu, Z. Y.; Zhang, B.; Hu, F. X.; Shen, B. G.

    2017-01-01

    Orthorhombic polycrystalline RCu2 (R=Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) compounds were synthesized and the magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) were investigated in detail. All of the RCu2 compounds are antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordered. As temperature increases, RCu2 compounds undergo an AFM to AFM transition at Tt and an AFM to paramagnetic (PM) transition at TN. Besides of the normal MCE around TN, large inverse MCE around Tt was found in TbCu2 compound. Under a field change of 0-7 T, the maximal value of inverse MCE is even larger than the value of normal MCE around TN for TbCu2 compound. Considering of the normal and inverse MCE, TbCu2 shows the largest refrigerant capacity among the RCu2 (R=Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) compounds indicating its potential applications in low temperature multistage refrigeration.

  9. Bandwidth enhancement of MIR emission in Yb3+/Er3+/Dy3+ triply doped fluoro-tellurite glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balaji, Sathravada; Allu, Amarnath R.; Biswas, Kaushik; Gupta, Gaurav; Ghosh, Debarati; Annapurna, Kalyandurg

    2017-03-01

    Enhanced bandwidth of MIR emission from Yb3+/Er3+/Dy3+ triply doped low phonon oxide glass system has been reported in this work. With considerable gain cross-section, the MIR emission bandwidth can be stretched from ~2600 to 3100 nm (~500 nm) which is practically not possible to obtain from Er3+ or Dy3+ ions singly doped systems. Co-doping of Dy3+ ions not only quenches the unfavourable visible up-converted emissions from Er3+ ions but also mitigates the prominent ~1.5 µm emission. A broad MIR emission on superimposition of Er3+ ~2.76 µm and Dy3+ ~2.95 µm emissions was obtained owing to the efficient energy transfer (ET) Yb3+  →  Er3+  →  Dy3+ upon ~980 nm excitation. The present glasses can be fiberized to develop compact and tunable MIR solid state fiber laser sources.

  10. Characterization of YAG:Dy,Er for thermographic particle image velocimetry in a calibration cell

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hertle, Ellen; Will, Stefan; Zigan, Lars

    2017-02-01

    Phosphor thermometry is a promising approach for remote and non-intrusive two-dimensional temperature sensing. However, the characteristics of each phosphor material have to be carefully evaluated to avoid measurement inaccuracies. We characterized the luminescent properties of the thermographic phosphor particles YAG:Dy,Er seeded to the gas flow in a flow cell. The particles were excited by a laser sheet of a 355 nm Nd:YAG laser, and two intensified cameras were used for two-color detection of the phosphorescence spectrum. The calibration cell enables homogeneous and repeatable measurement conditions. A newly designed seeder allowed to adjust the number of particles in the cell, achieving sufficient seeding densities even at low flow rates in a wide temperature range. Additionally, the influence of the seeding density and the laser fluence on the intensity ratio were studied, both having negligible effects on the estimated temperature.

  11. Luminescent LuVO4:Ln3+ (Ln = Eu, Sm, Dy, Er) hollow porous spheres for encapsulation of biomolecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Dan; Liu, Chunlei; Jiang, Lianzhou

    2015-10-01

    In this study, LuVO4:Ln3+ (Ln = Eu, Sm, Dy, Er) hollow porous spheres, synthesized via self-sacrificing templated route, are developed for enzyme immobilization and protein adsorption. The four LuVO4 hollow spheres with diameter of 180 nm, 280 nm, 370 nm and 480 nm were obtained. The size of LuVO4 hollow sphere is dependent on Lu(OH)CO3 template. Upon excitation by UV light, hollow LuVO4:Ln3+ (Ln = Eu, Sm, Dy, Er) spheres exhibit red (Eu3+), orange (Sm3+), yellow-green (Dy3+), and green (Er3+) emissions. The good biocompatibility of sample is validated by MTT assay. Due to structure feature and size of obtained sample, the rapid encapsulation of biomolecules within samples has been achieved. Furthermore, the hollow spheres show different biomolecules adsorption capacities at different buffer solution pH values. The release behaviors of two kinds of biomolecules (lysozyme and bovine serum albumin) are also investigated. LuVO4 hollow spheres are suitable carriers for biomolecules. The emission intensity of Eu3+ in the LuVO4:Eu3+ varies with the released amount of LYZ. This enables the monitoring of release process by the change in the luminescence intensity.

  12. Structural and magnetic phase transitions of the orthovanadates RVO3 (R= Dy, Ho, Er) as seen via neutron diffraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reehuis, M.; Ulrich, C.; Prokeš, K.; Mat'aš, S.; Fujioka, J.; Miyasaka, S.; Tokura, Y.; Keimer, B.

    2011-02-01

    The structural and magnetic phase behavior of RVO3 with R=v Dy, Ho, and Er was studied by single-crystal neutron diffraction. Upon cooling, all three compounds show structural transitions from orthorhombic (space group Pbnm) to monoclinic (p21/b) symmetry due to the onset of orbital order at T= 188-200 K, followed by Néel transitions at T= 110-113 K due to the onset of antiferromagnetic (C-type) order of the vanadium moments. Upon further cooling, additional structural phase transitions occur for DyVO3 and ErVO3 at 60 and 56 K, respectively, where the monoclinic structure changes to an orthorhombic structure with the space group Pbnm, and the magnetic order of the V sublattice changes to a G-type structure. These transition temperatures are reduced compared to the ones previously observed for nonmagnetic R3+ ions due to exchange interactions between the V3+ and R3+ ions. For ErVO3, R-R exchange interactions drive a transition to collinear magnetic order at T= 2.5 K. For HoVO3, the onset of noncollinear, weakly ferromagnetic order of the Ho moments nearly coincides with the structural phase transition from the monoclinic to the low-temperature orthorhombic structure. This transition is characterized by an extended hysteresis between 24 and 36 K. The Dy moments in DyVO3 also exhibit noncollinear, weakly ferromagnetic order upon cooling below 13 K. With increasing temperature, the monoclinic structure of DyVO3 reappears in the temperature range between 13 and 23 K. This reentrant structural transition is associated with a rearrangement of the Dy moments. A group theoretical analysis showed that the observed magnetic states of the R3+ ions are compatible with the lattice structure. The results are discussed in the light of recent data on the magnetic field dependence of the lattice structure and magnetization of DyVO3 and HoVO3.

  13. Structural and Dielectric Study of (Dy,Er,Ho) CrO 3 Biferroic Compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meza, Cesar; Siqueiros, Jesus; Duran, Alejandro

    2011-03-01

    Technological progress, especially in electronic applications, demands increasingly advanced substances, capable of performing a variety of tasks while simultaneously occupying less space than their predecessors. An answer to this demand lies within the realm of multiferroics. Multiferroic materials are defined as those single phase compounds where more than one ferroic order coexists; they generally belong to the perovskite group. One manifestation of multiferroicity, magnetoelectricity, requires the coexistence of spontaneous electric polarization and magnetic ordering. It is for this reason that rare-earth chromites have been selected as suitable candidates. This work is concerned with synthesis, characterization and dielectric response of the DyCr O3 , ErCr O3 and HoCr O3 ceramic compounds. The samples were synthesized by both the traditional solid state ceramic method, and the self-propagating combustion method. The resultant chromites were characterized by TG, DTA and XRD, which confirms the Pbnm space group. Additionally, conductivity analysis was performed and the associated activation energy determined for each system using experimental values and Arrhenius law. Thanks are due to DGAPA-UNAM for financial support through projects no. IN112909 and IN105711.

  14. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Ln3+ (Ln3+=Tb3+, Dy3+, Sm3+, Er3+)-doped Ca2Nb2O7 phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xian, Jieqiang; Yi, Shuangping; Deng, Yaomin; Zhang, Lu; Hu, Xiaoxue; Wang, Yinhai

    2016-02-01

    A series of Ln3+ (Ln3+=Tb3+/Dy3+/Sm3+/Er3+) ions doped Ca2Nb2O7 phosphors have been synthesized by high-temperature solid-state reaction. The Ln3+-doped samples are well indexed to the pure Ca2Nb2O7 phase which revealed for the X-ray diffraction (XRD) result. Under the ultraviolet light, the prepared Ca2-xNb2O7:xLn3+ (Ln3+=Tb3+/Dy3+/Sm3+/Er3+) phosphors show the characteristic cyan (Tb3+), green-white (Sm3+), yellowish (Dy3+) and green (Er3+) emissions. The energy transfer mechanisms in Ca2Nb2O7: Tb3+/Dy3+/Sm3+/Er3+ phosphors have been investigated and it deduced to be a resonant type via an electric dipole-dipole interaction. In addition, their critical distances have been calculated by concentration quenching methods. The luminescence properties of Ca2Nb2O7:Tb3+/Dy3+/Sm3+/Er3+ phosphors indicated that the Ca2Nb2O7 is a suitable host for rare earth doped laser crystal and optical materials.

  15. Structures and magnetocaloric effects of Gd65-xRExFe20Al15 (x = 0-20; RE=Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) ribbons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang, Y. K.; Chen, H. C.; Hsieh, C. C.; Chang, H. W.; Zhao, X. G.; Chang, W. C.; Li, W.

    2011-04-01

    Gd-based Gd65-xRExFe20Al15 (x = 0-20, RE = Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) alloys in ribbon form have been prepared by rapid quenching technology. It is found that the Gd65-xTbxFe20Al15 ribbons are in amorphous state. However, for the Gd65-xRExFe20Al15(RE = Dy, Ho, and Er) ribbons, in addition to a diffuse diffraction band, peaks from hexagonal rare-earth-rich phases are present indicating a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. This indicates that the heavier rare-earth elements (Dy, Ho, and Er) will decrease glass formability in the Gd-based Gd65-xRExFe20Al15 (RE = Dy, Ho, and Er) ribbons. The magnetic entropy changes of these ribbons increase with increasing the contents of the heavier rare-earth elements. The maximal magnetic entropy changes of the Gd45RE20Fe20Al15 (RE = Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) ribbons are located in the range of 4.46-5.57 J/kg K under 50 kOe. Refrigerant capacity values are obtained to be about 580-720 J/kg under 50 kOe. These values are comparable to or even higher than those of Gd-based bulk metallic glass alloys.

  16. Anisotropy in the paramagnetic phase of RAl/sub 2/ cubic intermetallic compounds (R = Tb, Dy, and Er)

    SciTech Connect

    del Moral, A.; Ibarra, M.R.; Abell, J.S.; Montenegro, J.F.D.

    1987-05-01

    In this paper it is shown that the anisotropy in the paramagnetic phase is a useful characteristic when used to single out high-rank susceptibility tensor components in the paramagnetic regime of cubic crystals. Application of this technique to RAl/sub 2/ compounds (R = Tb,Dy,Er) allows the determination of longitudinal and transverse (in the form of linear combinations) fourth- and sixth-rank paramagnetic susceptibilities. The use of the fourth-rank longitudinal susceptibility allows quadrupolar pair interactions in these compounds to be probed.

  17. Magnetic-luminescent YbPO4:Er,Dy microspheres designed for tumor theranostics with synergistic effect of photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wei; Xu, Dong; Wei, Xiaojun; Chen, Kezheng

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, magnetic and fluorescent bifunctional YbPO4:Er,Dy microspheres were synthesized via a simple solvothermal method. The prepared microspheres exposed to 980 nm near-infrared (NIR) laser light emitted bright upconversion fluorescence (450-570 nm) after calcination at high temperatures (>800°C). Results of magnetic resonance studies demonstrated that the YbPO4:Er,Dy microspheres are more suitable to be used as a transverse relaxation time (negative) contrast magnetic resonance imaging agent. The microspheres successfully entered the human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and presented low toxicity. A well-selected photodynamic therapy (PDT) drug, merocyanine 540 (MC540) with an ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy absorption maximum of 540 nm, was loaded onto the microspheres to obtain YbPO4:Er,Dy-MC540. Since the upconversion fluorescence emitting from the microspheres could be absorbed by MC540 with a small absorption/emission disparity, YbPO4:Er,Dy-MC540 could kill the hepatocellular carcinoma cells via PDT mechanism effectively. In other words, being upconverting particles, the prepared microspheres acted as light transducers in the NIR light-triggered PDT process. A chemotherapy drug, doxorubicin, was further loaded onto YbPO4:Er,Dy-MC540 to achieve enhanced antitumor effect based on synergistic therapeutic efficacy of PDT and chemotherapy. It is expected that the prepared YbPO4:Er,Dy microspheres have applications in tumor theranostics including magnetic-fluorescent bimodal imaging and NIR light-triggered PDT.

  18. Magnetic-luminescent YbPO4:Er,Dy microspheres designed for tumor theranostics with synergistic effect of photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Wei; Xu, Dong; Wei, Xiaojun; Chen, Kezheng

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, magnetic and fluorescent bifunctional YbPO4:Er,Dy microspheres were synthesized via a simple solvothermal method. The prepared microspheres exposed to 980 nm near-infrared (NIR) laser light emitted bright upconversion fluorescence (450–570 nm) after calcination at high temperatures (>800°C). Results of magnetic resonance studies demonstrated that the YbPO4:Er,Dy microspheres are more suitable to be used as a transverse relaxation time (negative) contrast magnetic resonance imaging agent. The microspheres successfully entered the human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and presented low toxicity. A well-selected photodynamic therapy (PDT) drug, merocyanine 540 (MC540) with an ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy absorption maximum of 540 nm, was loaded onto the microspheres to obtain YbPO4:Er,Dy-MC540. Since the upconversion fluorescence emitting from the microspheres could be absorbed by MC540 with a small absorption/emission disparity, YbPO4:Er,Dy-MC540 could kill the hepatocellular carcinoma cells via PDT mechanism effectively. In other words, being upconverting particles, the prepared microspheres acted as light transducers in the NIR light-triggered PDT process. A chemotherapy drug, doxorubicin, was further loaded onto YbPO4:Er,Dy-MC540 to achieve enhanced antitumor effect based on synergistic therapeutic efficacy of PDT and chemotherapy. It is expected that the prepared YbPO4:Er,Dy microspheres have applications in tumor theranostics including magnetic-fluorescent bimodal imaging and NIR light-triggered PDT. PMID:25364246

  19. yt graphics interface for MOCASSIN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gesicki, K.; Kowalik, K.

    2014-04-01

    The YT PROJECT, written by working astrophysicists, designed for pragmatic and detailed data analysis and visualizations, already applied for hydrodynamical and cosmological simulations, has been adopted for models obtained from the "Mocassin" code. The poster advertises this Python package for 3D analysis of PNe.

  20. Spin exchange interactions in hexagonal manganites RMnO3 (R = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) epitaxial thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xiang-Bai; Thi Minh Hien, Nguyen; Lee, D.; Jang, S.-Y.; Noh, T. W.; Yang, In-Sang

    2011-08-01

    We present the results of an optical method of quantitatively estimating the spin exchange interactions in hexagonal manganites RMnO3 (R = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) epitaxial thin films. The two in-plane (a-b plane) spin exchange integrals J1 (intratrimer Mn-Mn interaction) and J2 (intertrimer Mn-Mn interaction) are deduced from the magnon scattering peak wavenumbers. We found that J2 decreases systematically when the R ionic radius increases, while J1 is nearly independent of R ionic radius, contrary to the expectation in single crystals. We show that the R dependence of J1 could be understood in terms of the stress in the thin films. Our result indicates that the stress has stronger effect on the atomic displacement of the intratrimer Mn-Mn distance than the intertrimer Mn-Mn distance.

  1. Effect of rare-earth (Er and Gd) substitution on the magnetic and multiferroic properties of DyFe0.5Cr0.5O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Mohit K.; Basu, Tathamay; Mukherjee, K.; Sampathkumaran, E. V.

    2016-10-01

    We report the results of our investigations on the influence of partial substitution of Er and Gd for Dy on the magnetic and magnetoelectric properties of DyFe0.5Cr0.5O3, which is known to be a multiferroic system. Magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity data, apart from confirming the occurrence of magnetic transitions at ~121 and 13 K in DyFe0.5Cr0.5O3, bring out that the lower transition temperature only is suppressed by rare-earth substitution. Multiferroic behavior is found to persist in Dy0.4Ln0.6Fe0.5Cr0.5O3 (Ln  =  Er and Gd). There is an evidence for magnetoelectric coupling in all these materials with qualitative differences in its behavior as the temperature is changed across these two transitions. Remnant electric polarization is observed for all the compounds. The most notable observation is that electric polarization is seen to get enhanced as a result of rare-earth substitution with respect to that in DyFe0.5Cr0.5O3. Interestingly, a similar trend is seen in the magnetocaloric effect, consistent with the existence of magnetoelectric coupling. The results thus provide evidence for the tuning of magnetoelectric coupling by rare-earth substitution in this family of oxides.

  2. Crystal structure, electronic and physical properties of monoclinic RECuTe2 in contrast to RECuSe2 (RE = Pr, Sm, Gd, Dy and Er)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esmaeili, Mehdi; Forbes, Scott; Tseng, Yu-Chih; Mozharivskyj, Yurij

    2014-10-01

    The ternary tellurides RECuTe2 (RE = Gd, Dy and Er) have been synthesized, their crystal structure and charge transport properties have been investigated. The tellurides adopt a monoclinicly distorted variant (C2/m, z = 2) of the trigonal structure (P 3 bar m1, Z = 1) observed for RECuSe2 with RE = Dy, Er. The charge transport properties of RECuSe2 with RE = Pr and Sm have been also explored. While RECuTe2 display a metallic type resistivity, RECuSe2 show semiconducting properties. The room-temperature resistivities are between 0.22 and 10.5 Ω cm, with larger values observed for the selenides. Electronic structure calculations support metallic and semiconducting conductivities for the tellurides and selenides, respectively. The Seebeck coefficient indicates that the dominant charge carries are holes for all phases.

  3. Rare-earth transition-metal chalcogenides Ln{sub 3}MGaS{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Dy, Er; M=Co, Ni) and Ln{sub 3}MGaSe{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, M=Co; Ln=Nd, Gd, Dy, M=Ni)

    SciTech Connect

    Yin, Wenlong; Shi, Youguo; Kang, Bin; Deng, Jianguo; Yao, Jiyong; Wu, Yicheng

    2014-05-01

    Fifteen new rare-earth transition-metal chalcogenides, Ln{sub 3}MGaS{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Dy, Er; M=Co, Ni) and Ln{sub 3}MGaSe{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, M=Co; Ln=Nd, Gd, Dy, M=Ni), have been synthesized by solid state reactions. They are isostructural, adopt Ce{sub 3}Al{sub 1.67}S{sub 7}—related structure type, and crystallize in the non-centrosymmetric hexagonal space group P6{sub 3}. They adopt a three-dimensional framework composed of LnQ{sub 7} monocapped trigonal prisms with the interesting [MQ{sub 3}]{sup 4−} chains and isolated GaQ{sub 4} tetrahedra lying in two sets of channels in the framework. The magnetic susceptibility measurements on Ln{sub 3}CoGaQ{sub 7} (Ln=Dy, Er, Q=S; Ln=Dy, Q=Se) indicate that they are paramagnetic and obey the Curie–Weiss law over the entire experimental temperature, while the magnetic susceptibility of Sm{sub 3}CoGaSe{sub 7} deviates from the Curie–Weiss law as a result of the crystal field splitting. - Graphical abstract: Ln{sub 3}MGaS{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Dy, Er; M=Co, Ni) and Ln{sub 3}MGaSe{sub 7} (Ln=Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, M=Co; Ln=Nd, Gd, Dy, M=Ni) adopt a three-dimensional framework composed of LnQ{sub 7} monocapped trigonal prisms with interesting [MQ{sub 3}]{sup 4−} chains and isolated GaQ{sub 4} tetrahedra lying in two sets of channels in the framework. - Highlights: • New compounds, Ln{sub 3}MGaQ{sub 7} (Ln=rare-earth; M=Co, Ni; Q=S, Se), were synthesized. • They are isostructural and crystallize in the noncentrosymmetric space group P6{sub 3}. • They adopt a three-dimensional framework built by LnQ{sub 7} monocapped trigonal prisms. • Ln{sub 3}CoGaQ{sub 7} (Ln=Dy, Er; Q=S, Se) are paramagnetic and obey the Curie–Weiss law. • The magnetic susceptibility of Sm{sub 3}CoGaSe{sub 7} deviates from the Curie–Weiss law.

  4. Millimeter wave surface resistance of RBa2Cu3O(7-delta) (R=Y,Eu,Dy,Sm,Er) superconductors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miranda, F. A.; Gordon, W. L.; Eck, T. G.; Bhasin, K. B.; Warner, J. D.; Jenkins, K. A.

    1990-01-01

    The measurements are reported of the millimeter wave surface resistance R(sub s) at 58.6 GHz of bulk samples of RBa2Cu3O(7-delta) (R = Y,Eu,Dy,Sm,Er) and of YBa2Cu3O(7-delta) superconducting films, in the temperature range from 20 to 300 K. The bulk samples were prepared by cold pressing the powders of RBa2Cu3O(7-delta) into one in. disks. The powders were prepared by several sinterings in one atmosphere of oxygen at 925 C, with grindings between sinterings, to obtain the superconducting phase. The thin films were deposited on SrTiO3 and LaGaO3 substrates by pulsed laser ablation. Each sample was measured by replacing the end wall of a gold-plated Te sub 013 circular mode copper cavity with the sample and determining the cavity quality factor . From the difference in the Q-factor of the cavity, with and without the sample, the R(sub s) of the sample was determined.

  5. Low-temperature synthesis, luminescence and phonon properties of Er and/or Dy doped LaAlO{sub 3} nanopowders

    SciTech Connect

    Maczka, MirosLaw; Mendoza-Mendoza, Esmeralda; Fuentes, Antonio F.; Lemanski, Karol; Deren, PrzemysLaw

    2012-03-15

    LaAlO{sub 3}, La{sub 0.9}Dy{sub 0.1}AlO{sub 3}, La{sub 0.9}Er{sub 0.1}AlO{sub 3} and La{sub 0.8}Dy{sub 0.1}Er{sub 0.1}AlO{sub 3} nanocrystalline powders were synthesized in a two-step process by combining a mechanically induced metathesis reaction and molten salt synthesis. The proposed two-step methodology easily allows obtaining pure and/or doped perovskite-type LaAlO{sub 3} nanopowders at remarkably low temperatures, i.e., already at 350 Degree-Sign C although firing at 500 Degree-Sign C is needed in order to get pure phases. The obtained samples were characterized by XRD, TEM, Raman, IR and luminescence methods. These methods showed that the mean crystallite size is near 50-60 nm and the LaAlO{sub 3} nanocrystallites have R3{sup Macron }c structure, the same as bulk LaAlO{sub 3}. Raman spectrum of nanocrystalline LaAlO{sub 3} is very similar to that of bulk. In contrast to this behavior, IR spectra of the synthesized compounds are significantly different from the IR spectrum of bulk LaAlO{sub 3}. Origin of this behavior is discussed. Luminescence study showed that the cross-relaxation processes quench emission intensity of the samples doped with Dy{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+}. - Graphical abstract: TEM image of La{sub 0.9}Er{sub 0.1}AlO{sub 3} (left panel) and histogram showing the particle size distribution (right panel). Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pure and Er or Dy doped LaAlO3 samples were synthesized at remarkably low temperatures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The mean crystallite size of the obtained samples is 40-60 nm. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nanocrystallites have R3{sup Macron }c structure, the same as bulk LaAlO3. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer IR spectra are significantly different from the IR spectrum of bulk. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We discuss origin of this behavior.

  6. Synthesis and photoluminescence characteristics of Ln3+ (Ln = Sm, Er and Dy)-doped BaGd2(MoO4)4 phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, Yaomin; Yi, Shuangping; Wang, Yinhai; Xian, Jieqiang

    2014-06-01

    BaGd2(MoO4)4 phosphor powders activated with the trivalent rare-earth Ln3+ (Ln = Sm, Er and Dy) were synthesized by a traditional high temperature solid-state reaction. The resulted phosphors were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. XRD results demonstrate that Ln3+-doped samples can be well indexed to the pure monoclinic scheelite-type structure BaGd2(MoO4)4. The photoluminescence investigations revealed that the phosphors exhibit apparent characteristic emissions from the 4G5/2 to 6H5/2, 7/2, 9/2 state for Sm3+, 2H11/2 and 4S3/2 state to the 4I15/2 ground state for Er3+, 4I15/2, 4F9/2 to 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 to 6H13/2 for Dy3+ under near ultraviolet excitation. BaGd1.95(MoO4)4:0.05Sm3+, BaGd1.93(MoO4)4:0.07Er3+ and BaGd1.90(MoO4)4:0.10Dy3+ emit bright orange-red, green and white light with the CIE coordinates of (0.5381, 0.4544), (0.2307, 0.6096) and (0.3314, 0.3853) respectively. The sharp emission peaks and excellent luminescence properties show that BaGd2(MoO4)4 is a suitable host for rare earth doped phosphors, which may be potentially applied in the applications of the optical materials.

  7. Local magnetic moment formation at 119Sn Mössbauer impurity in RCo2 (R=Gd,Tb,Dy,Ho,Er) Laves phase compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Oliveira, A. L.; de Oliveira, N. A.; Troper, A.

    2008-04-01

    In this work, we theoretically study the local magnetic moment formation and the systematics of the magnetic hyperfine fields at a Mösbauer Sn119 impurity diluted at the R site (R=Gd,Tb,Dy,Ho,Er) of the cubic Laves phase intermetallic compounds RCo2. One considers that the magnetic hyperfine fields have two contributions, (i) the contribution from R ions, calculated via an extended Daniel-Friedel [J. Phys. Chem. Solids 24, 1601 (1963)] model, and (ii) the contribution from the induced magnetic moments arising from the Co neighboring sites. Our calculated self-consistent total magnetic hyperfine fields are in a good agreement with recent experimental data.

  8. Synthesis of a New Cubic Conductive Cu6O8-yMX (M=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, X=NO3, Cl) Family

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sugise, Ryoji; Ohdan, Kyoji; Hamamoto, Toshikazu; Kashiwagi, Kouichi; Shirai, Masashi; Yazawa, Ichiro; Ihara, Hideo

    1993-07-01

    A new cubic Cu6O8-yMX family (M=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, X=NO3, Cl) was prepared. These compounds showed metallic resistivity and paramagnetism. The Cu6O8-yMX compounds could be easily synthesized when a trivalent metal element (M) whose oxide (M2O3) has a cubic Tl2O3-type structure was used. These compounds were prepared in the thermal decomposition process of a mixed copper nitrate, copper chloride and metal element oxide solution. The lattice constants of the Cu6O8-yMX compounds were related to those of M2O3.

  9. Electron-magnon interaction in RNiBC (R=Er, Ho, Dy, Tb, and Gd) series of compounds based on magnetoresistance measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fontes, M. B.; Trochez, J. C.; Giordanengo, B.; Bud'ko, S. L.; Sanchez, D. R.; Baggio-Saitovitch, E. M.; Continentino, M. A.

    1999-09-01

    We present a study of the transport and magnetic properties of a series of RNiBC compounds (R=Er, Ho, Dy, Tb, and Gd). All the materials investigated have long range magnetic order at sufficiently low temperatures. Magnetoresistance measurements are presented for a large range of temperatures (T) and magnetic fields (H). We show that below the critical temperature, the temperature dependence of the resistivity is determined by electron scattering due to the elementary excitations (spin waves) of the ordered magnetic phase and the values of the gap in the magnon spectra were derived. Finally we discuss the H×T phase diagram of these materials.

  10. Effect of Electronic and Magnetic Valences on Phase Transition and Magnetic Properties in Co-Ni-Al-RE (RE = Gd, Dy and Er) Alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ju, Jia; Lou, Shuting; Yang, Liu; Li, Tao; Hao, Shuai; Yan, Chen

    2017-02-01

    The effect of the electronic and magnetic valence state on the phase transition and magnetic properties of several Co-Ni-Al-RE (RE = Gd, Dy and Er) ferromagnetic shape memory alloys were investigated. The martensitic transformation temperature showed a distinct increase with increasing the valence electron concentration, but no obvious change in the magnetic properties of the alloys was observed with increasing the valence electron concentration. On the other hand, the magnetic properties of the sample increased with the magnetic valence number of the alloy, while no change was observed in the phase transformation temperature with the magnetic valence number.

  11. Metamagnetism and giant magnetoresistance of the rare-earth intermetallic compounds R2Ni2Pb (R=Er,Ho,Dy)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chinchure, Aravind D.; Muñoz Sandoval, E.; Mydosh, J. A.

    2002-07-01

    We have measured the magnetization and magnetoresistance for a series of rare-earth (R=Er,Ho,Dy) plumbide intermetallic compounds, R2Ni2Pb. These materials form in an unusual orthorhombic structure with space group Cmmm. After multiple magnetic transitions, the ground state exhibits a steplike series of large-moment metamagnetic transitions in low fields (1-2 T) concomitant with switchinglike properties of the magnetoresistance where sharp changes of up to 30% are found. We relate these properties to the layered magnetic structure of the compound.

  12. Triple-layered perovskite niobates CaRNb3O10 (R = La, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er, Yb, or Y): new self-activated oxides.

    PubMed

    Qin, Lin; Wei, Donglei; Huang, Yanlin; Kim, Sun Il; Yu, Young Moon; Seo, Hyo Jin

    2013-09-16

    Niobates CaRNb3O10 (R = La, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er, Yb, or Y) were prepared by conventional high-temperature solid-state reaction. The formation of a single-phase compound with triple-layered perovskite-type structure was verified through X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. The luminescence characteristics such as photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra, X-ray-excited luminescence (XEL), Stokes shift, decay curves, and color coordinates were investigated. The niobates can be efficiently excited by UV light and present luminescence behaviors with rich luminescence colors. Under excitation by ultraviolet radiation, CaRNb3O10 (R = La, Gd, Yb, or Y) exhibits strong blue luminescence due to the self-activation center of the octahedral NbO6 groups, even at room temperature. For the materials of composition CaRNb3O10 (R = Sm, Eu, Dy, or Er), the excitation at the host band produces a characteristic luminescence of rare earth ions, indicating a host-guest energy transfer process. CaRNb3O10 (R = Eu) has the strongest luminescence intensity, which can be efficiently excitated by near UV wavelength. It could be suggested to be a potential candidate for the application on near-UV excited white LEDs.

  13. Magnetic Ground States of the Rare-Earth Tripod Kagome Lattice Mg_{2}RE_{3}Sb_{3}O_{14} (RE=Gd,Dy,Er).

    PubMed

    Dun, Z L; Trinh, J; Li, K; Lee, M; Chen, K W; Baumbach, R; Hu, Y F; Wang, Y X; Choi, E S; Shastry, B S; Ramirez, A P; Zhou, H D

    2016-04-15

    We present the structural and magnetic properties of a new compound family, Mg_{2}RE_{3}Sb_{3}O_{14} (RE=Gd,Dy,Er), with a hitherto unstudied frustrating lattice, the "tripod kagome" structure. Susceptibility (ac, dc) and specific heat exhibit features that are understood within a simple Luttinger-Tisza-type theory. For RE=Gd, we found long-ranged order (LRO) at 1.65 K, which is consistent with a 120° structure, demonstrating the importance of diople interactions for this 2D Heisenberg system. For RE=Dy, LRO at 0.37 K is related to the "kagome spin ice" physics for a 2D system. This result shows that the tripod kagome structure accelerates the transition to LRO predicted for the related pyrochlore systems. For RE=Er, two transitions, at 80 mK and 2.1 K are observed, suggesting the importance of quantum fluctuations for this putative XY system.

  14. Magnetic properties of R2Co15Al2 compounds with R=Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Bao-gen; Cheng, Zhao-hua; Zhang, Shao-ying; Wang, Jing-yun; Liang, Bing; Zhang, Hong-wei; Zhan, Wen-shan

    1999-03-01

    An investigation of the structure and the magnetic anisotropy of R2Co15Al2 (R=Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm) compounds has been performed by means of x-ray diffraction and magnetization measurements. X-ray diffraction shows the prepared compounds to be single phase, having the hexagonal Th2Ni17-type structure for R=Y, Ho, Er, and Tm and the rhombohedral Th2Zn17-type structure for R=Ce, Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, and Dy. Except for the Ce compound, the unit-cell volumes of R2Co15Al2 compounds decrease in accordance with the lanthanide contraction. Substitution of Al for Co in R2Co17 leads to a decrease of the saturation magnetization at 1.5 K and Curie temperature. The exchange-coupling constants JCo-Co and JR-Co have been calculated by using the method based on magnetic ordering temperature. It is found that the JR-Co has a small dependence on the R elements and is almost not affected by the Al substitution. The Ce compound is found to exhibit an anomalous lattice parameter and magnetic characteristic, which are relative to the mixed-valence behavior of the Ce ion. X-ray diffraction measurements on magnetically aligned R2Co15Al2 powders show that the compounds with R=Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho have an easy-plane type of magnetic anisotropy, whereas the compounds with R=Y, Ce, Sm, Er, and Tm exhibit an easy-axis type of magnetic anisotropy at room temperature. The compounds R2Co15Al2 with R=Pr and Ho exhibit a spin-reorientation transition and the spin-reorientation temperature is found to be 531 and 431 K, respectively. A strong uniaxial anisotropy is observed in Sm2Co15Al2 compound with a magnetocrystalline anisotropy field of 84 kOe at room temperature.

  15. On the absence of rotational levels for J{sup π}K = 0{sup +}0{sub 2} and 2{sup +}2{sub 2} nonrotational states in {sup 164}Dy and {sup 166}Er

    SciTech Connect

    Govor, L. I. Demidov, A. M.; Kurkin, V. A.; Mikhailov, I. V.

    2015-03-15

    Various reasons for the absence of rotational levels for J{sup π}K = 0{sup +}0{sub 2} and 2{sup +}2{sub 2} nonrotational states in {sup 164}Dy and {sup 166}Er are considered. Preference is given to the effect of the excitation of an anharmonic two-phonon state in pair vibrations of the superconducting type.

  16. Structural and thermoelectric properties of BaRCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} (R = Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu)

    SciTech Connect

    Wong-Ng, W.; Yan, Y.; Liu, G.; Xie, W.; Tritt, T.; Kaduk, J.; Thomas, E.

    2011-12-01

    The structure and thermoelectric properties of a series of barium lanthanide cobaltites, BaRCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} (R = Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu), which were prepared using the spark plasma synthesis technique, have been investigated. The space group of these compounds was re-determined and confirmed to be P31c instead of the reported P6{sub 3}mc. The lattice parameters a and c range from 6.26279(2) Angst to 6.31181(6) Angst , and from 10.22468(6) Angst to 10.24446(15) Angst for R = Lu to Dy, respectively. The crystal structure of BaRCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} is built up from Kagome sheets of CoO{sub 4} tetrahedra, linked by triangular layers of CoO{sub 4} tetrahedra. The values of figure of merit (ZT) of the BaRCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} samples were determined to be around 0.02 at 800 K. X-ray diffraction patterns of these samples have been determined and submitted to the Powder Diffraction File.

  17. New Materials Derived from Ybco: CrSr2RECu2O8 (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Y, Ho, Er, Lu).

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Bustos, Rocío; Aguirre, Myriam H; Alario-Franco, Miguel A

    2005-05-02

    Eleven new oxides, derived from yttrium barium copper oxide by replacing the square-planar copper [Cu-O4] of the basal plane of the triple perovskite-based structure with octahedral Cr(IV), have been prepared at high pressure and temperature. Their crystal structures have been determined, and their complex microstructure has been established by means of high-resolution electron microscopy and electron diffraction. The materials have a general formula of CrSr2RECu2O8 (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Y, Ho, Er, and Lu); they are tetragonal, show the symmetry of space group P4/mmm, and do not appear to be superconducting.

  18. Heat capacities, magnetic properties, and resistivities of ternary RPdBi alloys where R = La, Nd, Gd, Dy, Er, and Lu

    SciTech Connect

    Riedemann, T.M.

    1996-05-01

    Over the past four and a half decades research on the rare earths, their compounds, and their alloys has yielded significant insights into the nature of materials. The rare earths can be used to systematically study a series of alloys or compounds. Magnetic ordering, crystalline fields, spin fluctuations, the magnetocaloric effect, and magnetostriction are a small sample of phenomena studied that are exhibited by the rare earth family. A significant portion of research has been conducted on the abundant RM{sub 2} and RM phases, where R is the rare earth and M is a transition metal. The natural progression of science has led to the study of related RMX ternary phases, where X is either another transition metal or semimetal. There are now over 1,000 known RMX phases. The focus of this study is on RPdBi where R = La, Nd, Gd, Dy, Er, and Lu. Their heat capacities, magnetic properties, and resistivities are studied.

  19. Synthesis and characterization of ultrafine Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} (Ln = Sm, Gd, Dy, Er) pyrochlore oxides by stearic acid method

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang Weiguang; Zhang Lili; Zhong Hui; Lu Lude; Yang Xujie; Wang Xin

    2010-02-15

    Stearic acid method (SAM) was developed to synthesize series of pyrochlore Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} (Ln = Sm, Gd, Dy, Er) nanocrystals. The synthesis process was monitored by X-ray diffraction, Thermal-gravimetric-differential thermal analysis and Fourier Transform InfraRed methods. Comparing with traditional solid-state reaction (SSR), Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} can be synthesized at relatively low temperature (700-800 deg. C) with shortened reaction time (2-4 h). The average particle size of Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} was greatly reduced (ca. 40 nm) and the BET surface area was increased (ca. 12 m{sup 2}/g) by using SAM. From the X-ray diffraction patterns, we found that Ln has an effect on the crystal structure of Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}, every lattice peak shifted to larger angle slightly with the increasing atomic number of Ln. Also, the lattice constant of Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} was calculated by Jade.5 and found it decreased along with the decrease of ionic radius of Ln{sup 3+}. The morphology of obtained Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} was determined by transmission electron microscopy technique. Results showed that the obtained Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} were all square-like and the interplanar distance of Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} (Ln = Sm, Gd, Dy, Er) according to (111) plane was 0.65, 0.64, 0.63, and 0.62 nm respectively, which was measured from High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy images. Possible reason for this phenomenon was presented.

  20. CeNi3-type rare earth compounds: crystal structure of R3Co7Al2 (R=Y, Gd-Tm) and magnetic properties of {Gd-Er}3Co7Al2, {Tb, Dy}3Ni8Si and Dy3Co7.68Si1.32

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morozkin, A. V.; Yapaskurt, V. O.; Nirmala, R.; Quezado, S.; Malik, S. K.

    2017-03-01

    The crystal structure of new CeNi3-type {Y, Gd-Tm}3Co7Al2 (P63/mmc. N 194, hP24) compounds has been established using powder X-ray diffraction studies. The magnetism of Tb3Ni8Si and Dy3Ni8Si is dominated by rare earth sublattice and the magnetic properties of R3Co7Al2 (R =Gd-Er) and Dy3Co7.68Si1.32 are determined by both rare earth and cobalt sublattices. Magnetization data indicate ferromagnetic ordering of {Tb, Dy}3Ni8Si at 32 K and 21 K, respectively. Gd3Co7Al2 and Tb3Co7Al2 exhibit ferromagnetic ordering at 309 K and 209 K, respectively, whereas Dy3Co7Al2, Ho3Co7Al2, Er3Co7Al2 and Dy3Co7.68Si1.32 show a field dependent ferromagnetic-like ordering at 166 K, 124 K, 84 K and 226 K, respectively followed by a low temperature transition at 34 K for Dy3Co7Al2, 18 K for Ho3Co7Al2, 56 K for Er3Co7Al2, 155 K and 42 K for Dy3Co7.68Si1.32. Among these compounds, Dy3Ni8Si shows largest magnetocaloric effect (isothermal magnetic entropy change) of -11.6 J/kg·K at 18 K in field change of 50 kOe, whereas Tb3Co7Al2, Dy3Co7Al2 and Dy3Co7.68Si1.32 exhibit best permanent magnet properties in the temperature range of 2-5 K with remanent magnetization of 11.95 μB/fu, 12.86 μB/fu and 14.4 μB/fu, respectively and coercive field of 3.0 kOe, 1.9 kOe and 4.4 kOe, respectively.

  1. Lanthanoid single-ion magnets based on polyoxometalates with a 5-fold symmetry: the series [LnP5W30O110]12- (Ln3+ = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb).

    PubMed

    Cardona-Serra, S; Clemente-Juan, J M; Coronado, E; Gaita-Ariño, A; Camón, A; Evangelisti, M; Luis, F; Martínez-Pérez, M J; Sesé, J

    2012-09-12

    A robust, stable and processable family of mononuclear lanthanoid complexes based on polyoxometalates (POMs) that exhibit single-molecule magnetic behavior is described here. Preyssler polyanions of general formula [LnP(5)W(30)O(110)](12-) (Ln(3+) = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) have been characterized with static and dynamic magnetic measurements and heat capacity experiments. For the Dy and Ho derivatives, slow relaxation of the magnetization has been found. A simple interpretation of these properties is achieved by using crystal field theory.

  2. Strain tuning and strong enhancement of ionic conductivity in SrZrO3-RE2O3 (RE = Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, and Er) nanocomposite films

    DOE PAGES

    Lee, Shinbuhm; Zhang, Wenrui; Khatkhatay, Fauzia; ...

    2015-06-05

    Fast ion transport channels at interfaces in thin films have attracted great attention due to a range of potential applications for energy materials and devices, for, solid oxide fuel cells, sensors, and memories. Here, it is shown that in vertical nanocomposite heteroepitaxial films of SrZrO3–RE2O3 (RE = Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, and Er) the ionic conductivity of the composite can be tuned and strongly enhanced using embedded, stiff, and vertical nanopillars of RE2O3. With increasing lattice constant of RE2O3 from Er2O3 to Sm2O3, it is found that the tensile strain in the SrZrO3 increases proportionately, and the ionic conductivity ofmore » the composite increases accordingly, by an order of magnitude. Lastly, the results here conclusively show, for the first time, that strain in films can be effectively used to tune the ionic conductivity of the materials.« less

  3. Photochemical properties of Yt base in aqueous solution.

    PubMed Central

    Paszyc, S; Rafalska, M

    1979-01-01

    Photoreactivity of Yt base [I] has been studied in aqueous solution [pH approximately 6] saturated with oxygen. Two photoproducts (II,III], resulting from irradiation at lambda = 253.7 nm and lambda greater than or equal to 290 nm, were isolated and their structures determined. The quantum yield for Yt base disappearance [zeta dis] is 0.002 [lambda = 313 nm]. It was shown that dye-sensitized photooxidation of Yt base in aqueous solution occurs according to a Type I mechanism, as well as with participation of singlet state oxygen. Quantum yields, fluorescence decay times and phosphorescence of Yt base have been also determined. PMID:424298

  4. Study of 2003 YT1 Asteroid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vodniza, A. Q.; Rojas, M.

    2011-10-01

    The asteroid 2003 YT1 was at approximately 25 million kilometers from the Earth on May 05-2011 (U.T) [1]. It has an orbital period of 1.17 years and it was estimated to have a size of 2.63 kilometers [2]. From our Observatory, located in Pasto-Colombia, we captured several pictures, videos and astrometry data during three days. Our data was published by the Minor Planet Center (MPC) and also appears at the web page of NEODyS [3]. Our observatory's code at the MPC is "H78". Pictures of the asteroid were captured with the following equipment: 14" LX200 GPS MEADE (f/10 Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescope) and STL-1001 SBIG camera. This asteroid has a rotation period of 2.343 hours [4] and its binary nature was noted by the Modra and Ondrejov Observatories independently [5]. Nolan used radar observations to determine that this is a binary with sizes of approximately 1 and 0.2 km and primary rotation period of P < 2.6 h [6]. The asteroid will be at approximately 0.0348 A.U from the Earth on October 31-2016 and at approximately 0.0113 A.U from the Earth on October 31-2016 [7]. Astrometry was carried out, and we calculated the orbital elements. It was designed a computing program on Visual Basic 6.0. SPACEWEATHER published our video of 2003YT1 on May 5/2011 [8].

  5. The interplay between magnetism and superconductivity in RNi 2B 2C (R dbnd Lu, Tm, Er, Ho, Dy, Tb, Gd)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El Massalami, M.; Bud'ko, S. L.; Giordanengo, B.; Baggio-Saitovitch, E. M.

    1995-02-01

    The superconducting and magnetic phase diagram (characteristic temperatures versus effective ionic radii) of the RNi 2B 2C (R dbnd Lu, Tm, Er, Ho, Dy, Tb, Gd) compounds are considered. Although the gradual degradation of superconductivity can be scaled to the de Gennes factor, ( g-1) 2J( J + 1), the unique reentrant behavior of the HoNi 2B 2C compound and the abrupt quenching of superconductivity for R lighter than Ho are most probably unaccountable within this scheme. Rather, it is argued that their low- T magnetic and transport properties as well as the main features of the interplay between magnetism and superconductivity can be accounted for if the low- T magnetism of HoNi 2B 2C, as reported by Grigereit et al., is generalized to the other isomorphous R members. Thus the onset of the 4f moments antiferromagnetic state at T1 is accompanied by an oscillatory component, which transforms to a commensurate antiferromagnetic state at T2. For HoNi 2B 2C, the pressure and magnetic-field influence on Tc, T1 and T2 will be discussed.

  6. Magnetic hyperfine interactions on Cd sites of the rare-earth cadmium compounds R Cd (R =Ce , Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cavalcante, F. H. M.; Leite Neto, O. F. L. S.; Saitovitch, H.; Cavalcante, J. T. P. D.; Carbonari, A. W.; Saxena, R. N.; Bosch-Santos, B.; Pereira, L. F. D.; Mestnik-Filho, J.; Forker, M.

    2016-08-01

    This paper reports the investigation of the magnetic hyperfine field Bh f in a series of rare-earth (R ) cadmium intermetallic compounds R Cd and GdCd2 measured by perturbed angular correlation (PAC) spectroscopy using 111In/111Cd as probe nuclei at Cd sites as well as first-principles calculations of Bh f at Cd sites in the studied compounds. Vapor-solid state reaction of R metals with Cd vapor and the 111In radioisotope was found to be an appropriate route of doping rare-earth cadmium compounds with the PAC probe 111In/111Cd. The observation that the hyperfine parameters depend on details of the sample preparation provides information on the phase preference of diffusing 111In in the rare-earth cadmium phase system. The 111Cd hyperfine field has been determined in the compounds R Cd for the R constituents Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er, in several cases as a function of temperature. For most R constituents, the temperature dependence Bh f(T ) of 111Cd:R Cd is consistent with ferromagnetic order of the compound. DyCd, however, presents a remarkable anomaly: a finite magnetic hyperfine field is observed only in the temperature interval 35 K ≤ T ≤ 80 K which indicates a transition from ferromagnetic order to a spin arrangement where all 4 f -induced contributions to the magnetic hyperfine field at the Cd site cancel. First-principles calculation results for DyCd show that the (π , π , 0) antiferromagnetic configuration is energetically more favorable than the ferromagnetic. The approach used in the calculations to simulate the R Cd system successfully reproduces the experimental values of Bh f at Cd sites and shows that the main contribution to Bh f comes from the valence electron polarization. The de Gennes plot of the hyperfine field Bh f of 111Cd:R Cd vs the 4 f -spin projection (g -1 )J reflects a decrease of the strength of indirect 4 f -4 f exchange across the R series. Possible mechanisms are discussed and the experimental results indicate that

  7. Low-temperature VUV photoluminescence and thermoluminescence of UV excited afterglow phosphor Sr3AlxSi1-xO5:Ce(3+),Ln(3+) (Ln = Er, Nd, Sm, Dy and Tm).

    PubMed

    Luo, Hongde; Bos, Adrie J J; Dobrowolska, Anna; Dorenbos, Pieter

    2015-06-21

    Low-temperature (10 K) photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra of undoped Sr3SiO5 as well as Ce(3+) and Eu(3+) single doped Sr3SiO5 have been investigated. They show the host exciton band and the O(2-) to Eu(3+) charge transfer band at 5.98 eV (207 nm) and 3.87 eV (320 nm) respectively. Low-temperature thermoluminescence measurements are reported for Ce(3+) and lanthanide (Er, Nd, Sm, Dy, Er and Tm) co-doped Sr3AlxSi1-xO5. The results show that Ce(3+) is the recombination centre and Nd, Sm, Dy and Tm work as electron traps with trap depths of 0.95 eV, 1.89 eV, 1.02 eV, and 1.19 eV, respectively. Thermoluminescence excitation spectra of Sr2.98Al0.02Si0.98O5:0.01Ce(3+),0.01Dy(3+) show that the traps can be charged by 260 nm UV excitation.

  8. Preparation and Dielectric Measurements of the Rare Earth Green Phases R2BaCuO(5-x) (R = Y, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gonzalez-Titman, Carlos

    1994-01-01

    It has been demonstrated that R2BaCuO(5-x) (R = Y, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb) does not undergo significant densification unless the sintering temperatures are near the incongruent melting point or the sintering times are long. Good quality powders of Y2BaCuO(5-x) have been synthesized by using oxide raw materials or precursors such as acetates and nitrates. The acetates- and the nitrates-derived yttrium green phase resulted in finer particle sizes, acceptable dielectric properties and lower melting temperatures than those processed via oxide raw materials. The hot pressing technique has been employed to produce a dense R2BaCuO(5-x) (R=Y,Gd) substrate with satisfactory dielectric properties. Reactivity to reducing conditions, i.e. graphite die, limited the optimization of the properties. A high sensitivity to the annealing atmosphere has been demonstrated in Y2BaCuO,.,,. Oxygen treatment at 950 OC has been shown to improve the dielectric properties while treatment in nitrogen, at the same temperature, degraded desirable properties. A high sensitivity to the annealing atmosphere has been demonstrated in Y2BaCuO(5-x). Oxygen treatment at 950 C has been shown to improve the dielectric properties while treatment in nitrogen, at the same temperature, degraded desirable properties. The dielectric constants of the rare earth green phases R2BaCuO(5-x) were found to be low. Relaxation peaks were detected at low temperatures (T less than 150 K) and at high temperatures (150 less than T greater than 420 K). The dielectric losses and conductivities at 77 K were measured to be in the range of 10(exp -4) and 10(exp -12) (Omega-cm)(exp -1), respectively. Many parameters were found to exhibit dependencies on the rare earth cation sizes.

  9. Magnetism in the KBaRE(BO3)2 (RE  =  Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) series: materials with a triangular rare earth lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanders, M. B.; Cevallos, F. A.; Cava, R. J.

    2017-03-01

    We report the magnetic properties of compounds in the KBaRE(BO3)2 family (RE  =  Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb), materials with a planar triangular lattice composed of rare earth ions. The samples were analyzed by x-ray diffraction and crystallize in the space group R-3m. Physical property measurements indicate the compounds display predominantly antiferromagnetic interactions between spins without any signs of magnetic ordering above 1.8 K. The ideal 2D rare earth triangular layers in this structure type make it a potential model system for investigating magnetic frustration in rare-earth-based materials.

  10. (BMI)3LnCl6 crystals as models for the coordination environment of LnCl3 (Ln = Sm, Eu, Dy, Er, Yb) in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ionic-liquid solution.

    PubMed

    Han, Yulun; Lin, Cuikun; Meng, Qingguo; Dai, Fengrong; Sykes, Andrew G; Berry, Mary T; May, P Stanley

    2014-06-02

    A series of (BMI)3LnCl6 (Ln = Sm, Eu, Dy, Er, Yb) crystals was prepared from solutions of LnCl3 dissolved in the ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMICl). Crystals with Ln = 5% Sm + 95% Gd and with Ln = 5% Dy + 95% Gd were also grown to assess the importance of cross-relaxation in the Sm and Dy samples. The crystals are isostructural, with monoclinic space group P21/c and four formula units per unit cell. The first coordination sphere of Ln(3+) consists of six Cl(-) anions forming a slightly distorted octahedral LnCl6(3-) center. The second coordination sphere is composed of nine BMI(+) cations. The emission spectra and luminescence lifetimes of both (BMI)3LnCl6 crystals and LnCl3 in BMICl solution were measured. The spectroscopic similarities suggest that crystalline (BMI)3LnCl6 provides a good model of the Ln(3+) coordination environment in BMICl solution.

  11. Up/down conversion luminescence and charge compensation investigation of Ca0.5Y1-x(WO4)2:xLn3+ (Ln = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er) phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahalingam, Venkatakrishnan; Thirumalai, Jagannathan; Krishnan, Rajagopalan; Mantha, Srinivas

    2016-01-01

    Microstructures of Ca0.5Y(1-x)(WO4)2:xLn3+ (Ln = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er) phosphors were prepared via the solid-state reaction method. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and photoluminescence were used to characterize the prepared phosphor samples. The results reveal that the phosphor samples have single phase scheelite structures with tetragonal symmetry of I41/a. The down/up conversion photoluminescence of the Ca0.5Y(1-x)(WO4)2:xLn3+ (Ln = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er) phosphors properties reveal characteristic visible emissions. The energy transfer process, fluorescence lifetime and color coordinates are discussed in detail. Furthermore, the phosphor Ca0.5Y(1-x)(WO4)2:xPr3+ co-doped with alkali chlorides shows the enhancement of luminescence, which was found in the sodium chloride co-doped powder phosphor. The photometric characteristics indicate the suitability of the inorganic powder phosphors for solid-state lighting and display applications.

  12. Facile synthesis and luminescence properties of Y2O3:Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+), Tb(3+), Dy(3+), Sm(3+), Er(3+), Ho(3+), Tm(3+), Yb(3+)/Er(3+), Yb(3+)/Tm(3+), Yb(3+)/Ho(3+)) microspheres.

    PubMed

    Xu, Zhenhe; Zhao, Qian; Ren, Baoyi; You, Lixin; Sun, Yaguang

    2014-08-01

    Multicolor and monodisperse Y2O3:Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+), Tb(3+), Dy(3+), Sm(3+), Er(3+), Ho(3+), Tm(3+), Yb(3+)/Er(3+), Yb(3+)/Ho(3+)) microspheres were prepared through a facile urea-assisted homogeneous precipitation method followed by a subsequent calcination process. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrum (EDS), Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra were employed to characterize the samples. The XRD results reveal that the as-prepared spheres can be well indexed to cubic Y2O3 phase with high purity. The SEM and TEM images show the obtained Y2O3:Ln(3+) samples consist of regular nanospheres with the mean diameter of 350 nm. And the possible formation mechanism is also proposed. Upon ultraviolet and low-voltage electron beams excitation, Y2O3:Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+), Tb(3+), Dy(3+), Sm(3+), Er(3+), Ho(3+), Tm(3+)) samples exhibit respective bright red (Eu(3+), (5)D0 --> (7)F2), green (Tb(3+), (5)D4 --> (7)F5), blue (Dy(3+), (4)F9/2 --> (6)H13/2), yellow (Sm(3+), (4)G5/2 --> (6)H7/2), green (Er(3+), (4)S3/2 --> (4)I15/2), green (Ho(3+), (5)S2 --> (5)I8), blue (Tm(3+), (1)D2 --> (3)F4) down-conversion (DC) emissions. Under 980 nm NIR irradiation, Y2O3:Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Yb(3+)/Er(3+), Yb(3+)/Tm(3+) and Yb(3+)/Ho(3+)) exhibit characteristic up-conversion (UC) emissions of green (Er(3+), (2)H11/2, (4)S3/2, (2)H11/2 --> (4)I5/2), blue (Tm(3+), (1)G4 --> (3)H6) and green (Ho(3+), (5)F4, (5)S2 --> (5)I8), respectively. These merits of multicolor emissions in the visible region endow this kind of material with potential applications in the field of light display systems, lasers, and optoelectronic devices.

  13. Magnetic properties of the charge density wave compounds RTe3, R=Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er & Tm

    SciTech Connect

    Ru, N.; Chu, J.-H.; Fisher, I.R.; /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.

    2009-12-14

    The antiferromagnetic transition is investigated in the rare-earth (R) tritelluride RTe{sub 3} family of charge density wave (CDW) compounds via specific heat, magnetization and resistivity measurements. Observation of the opening of a superzone gap in the resistivity of DyTe{sub 3} indicates that additional nesting of the reconstructed Fermi surface in the CDW state plays an important role in determining the magnetic structure.

  14. Crystal structures of RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y}(R=Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) studied by single crystal X-ray diffraction

    SciTech Connect

    Gribanov, Alexander; Grytsiv, Andriy; Rogl, Peter; Seropegin, Yurii; Giester, Gerald

    2009-07-15

    The crystal structures of ternary compounds RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y}(R=Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) have been elucidated from X-ray single crystal CCD data. All compounds are isotypic and crystallize in the tetragonal space group P4/mbm. The general formula RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y} arises from defects: x{approx}0.20, y{approx}0.14. The crystal structure of RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y} can be considered as a packing of four types of building blocks which derive from the CePt{sub 3}B-type unit cell by various degrees of distortion and Pt, Si-defects. - Graphical Abstract: Electron density in RPt{sub 3-x}Si{sub 1-y} at 0, 1/2 , 0.

  15. Syntheses, structures, and magnetic properties of a family of heterometallic heptanuclear [Cu5Ln2] (Ln = Y(III), Lu(III), Dy(III), Ho(III), Er(III), and Yb(III)) complexes: observation of SMM behavior for the Dy(III) and Ho(III) analogues.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Dey, Atanu; Das, Sourav; Rouzières, Mathieu; Clérac, Rodolphe

    2013-03-04

    Sequential reaction of the multisite coordination ligand (LH3) with Cu(OAc)2·H2O, followed by the addition of a rare-earth(III) nitrate salt in the presence of triethylamine, afforded a series of heterometallic heptanuclear complexes containing a [Cu5Ln2] core {Ln = Y(1), Lu(2), Dy(3), Ho(4), Er(5), and Yb(6)}. Single-crystal X-ray crystallography reveals that all the complexes are dicationic species that crystallize with two nitrate anions to compensate the charge. The heptanuclear aggregates in 1-6 are centrosymmetrical complexes, with a hexagonal-like arrangement of six peripheral metal ions (two rare-earth and four copper) around a central Cu(II) situated on a crystallographic inversion center. An all-oxygen environment is found to be present around the rare-earth metal ions, which adopt a distorted square-antiprismatic geometry. Three different Cu(II) sites are present in the heptanuclear complexes: two possess a distorted octahedral coordination sphere while the remaining one displays a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. Detailed static and dynamic magnetic properties of all the complexes have been studied and revealed the single-molecule magnet behavior of the Dy(III) and Ho(III) derivatives.

  16. Strain tuning and strong enhancement of ionic conductivity in SrZrO3-RE2O3 (RE = Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, and Er) nanocomposite films

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Shinbuhm; Zhang, Wenrui; Khatkhatay, Fauzia; Jia, Quanxi; Wang, Haiyan; MacManus-Driscoll, Judith L.

    2015-06-05

    Fast ion transport channels at interfaces in thin films have attracted great attention due to a range of potential applications for energy materials and devices, for, solid oxide fuel cells, sensors, and memories. Here, it is shown that in vertical nanocomposite heteroepitaxial films of SrZrO3–RE2O3 (RE = Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, and Er) the ionic conductivity of the composite can be tuned and strongly enhanced using embedded, stiff, and vertical nanopillars of RE2O3. With increasing lattice constant of RE2O3 from Er2O3 to Sm2O3, it is found that the tensile strain in the SrZrO3 increases proportionately, and the ionic conductivity of the composite increases accordingly, by an order of magnitude. Lastly, the results here conclusively show, for the first time, that strain in films can be effectively used to tune the ionic conductivity of the materials.

  17. Low-temperature superstructures of a series of Cd6M (M = Ca, Y, Sr, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu) crystalline approximants.

    PubMed

    Nishimoto, Kazue; Sato, Takeru; Tamura, Ryuji

    2013-06-12

    The low-temperature (LT) superstructure and the phase transition temperature have been investigated for a series of Cd6M crystalline approximants by transmission electron microscopy as well as electrical resistivity measurements. Except for M = Lu, Cd6M is found to undergo a phase transition to a monoclinic phase at a low temperature and the transition temperature (Tc) scales well with the size of the M atom. For M = Ca, Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm the LT superstructure is explained by a √2a × a × √2a lattice with the space group C2/c, and for M = Sr and Yb a √2a × 2a × √2a monoclinic lattice with P2/m. On the other hand, no phase transition is observed for M = Lu, indicating that a Cd4 tetrahedron at the cluster center remains disordered down to the lowest temperature, i.e. 16 K. It is shown that the volume inside the Cd20 dodecahedron plays a crucial role in the occurrence of the phase transition, and long-term aging in particular promotes the phase transition for late rare-earth elements such as Ho, Er and Tm, suggesting that the transition is sensitive to and is even hindered by disorder such as atomic vacancies. The absence of the transition for M = Lu is attributed to the highest activation energy for the transition due to the smallest volume inside the Cd20 dodecahedron.

  18. Low-temperature superstructures of a series of Cd6M (M = Ca, Y, Sr, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu) crystalline approximants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nishimoto, Kazue; Sato, Takeru; Tamura, Ryuji

    2013-06-01

    The low-temperature (LT) superstructure and the phase transition temperature have been investigated for a series of Cd6M crystalline approximants by transmission electron microscopy as well as electrical resistivity measurements. Except for M = Lu, Cd6M is found to undergo a phase transition to a monoclinic phase at a low temperature and the transition temperature (Tc) scales well with the size of the M atom. For M = Ca, Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm the LT superstructure is explained by a \\sqrt{2}a\\times a\\times \\sqrt{2}a lattice with the space group C2/c, and for M = Sr and Yb a \\sqrt{2}a\\times 2 a\\times \\sqrt{2}a monoclinic lattice with P2/m. On the other hand, no phase transition is observed for M = Lu, indicating that a Cd4 tetrahedron at the cluster center remains disordered down to the lowest temperature, i.e. 16 K. It is shown that the volume inside the Cd20 dodecahedron plays a crucial role in the occurrence of the phase transition, and long-term aging in particular promotes the phase transition for late rare-earth elements such as Ho, Er and Tm, suggesting that the transition is sensitive to and is even hindered by disorder such as atomic vacancies. The absence of the transition for M = Lu is attributed to the highest activation energy for the transition due to the smallest volume inside the Cd20 dodecahedron.

  19. Simple correction for the sample shape and radial offset effects on SQUID magnetometers: Magnetic measurements on Ln{sub 2}O{sub 3} (Ln=Gd, Dy, Er) standards

    SciTech Connect

    Morrison, Gregory; Loye, Hans-Conrad zur

    2015-01-15

    An increased focus on magnetic measurements of oriented single crystals, thin films, and magnetically dilute systems has led to a demand for the measurement of weak magnetic moments. This level of sensitivity and precision can be achieved on SQUID magnetometers by decreasing the size of the detection coils. However, the smaller detection coils can amplify two errors in the magnitude of the measured moment, the sample shape and radial offset effects, which were small and typically unaccounted for on previous magnetometers. We report a simple method to determine the radial offset of a sample by taking advantage of the two basic scan modes, DC and lock-in, typically used on magnetometers. This technique allows for the correction of the sample shape and radial offset effects in order to obtain the true moment of a sample. To show the efficacy of this technique, we report the magnetic properties of Ln{sub 2}O{sub 3} (Ln=Gd, Dy, Er). - Graphical abstract: Correction for the sample shape and radial offset effects on SQUID magnetometers using a combination of DC and VSM scan data. - Highlights: • Sample shape and radial offset effects alter the moment measured by magnetometers. • We present a simple method to correct for these sample effects on magnetometers. • We measure magnetic susceptibilities of Ln{sub 2}O{sub 3} to show the efficacy of this method.

  20. Canted magnetic ground state of quarter-doped manganites R 0.75Ca0.25MnO3 (R  =  Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er).

    PubMed

    Sinclair, R; Cao, H B; Garlea, V O; Lee, M; Choi, E S; Dun, Z L; Dong, S; Dagotto, E; Zhou, H D

    2017-02-15

    Polycrystalline samples of the quarter-doped manganites R 0.75Ca0.25MnO3 (R  =  Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) were studied by x-ray diffraction and AC/DC susceptibility measurements. All five samples are orthorhombic and exhibit similar magnetic properties: enhanced ferromagnetism below T 1 (∼80 K) and a spin glass (SG) state below T SG (∼30 K). With increasing R (3+) ionic size, both T 1 and T SG generally increase. The single crystal neutron diffraction results on Tb0.75Ca0.25MnO3 revealed that the SG state is mainly composed of a short-range ordered version of a novel canted (i.e. noncollinear) antiferromagnetic spin state. Furthermore, calculations based on the double exchange model for quarter-doped manganites reveal that this new magnetic phase provides a transition state between the ferromagnetic state and the theoretically predicted spin-orthogonal stripe phase.

  1. Canted magnetic ground state of quarter-doped manganites R 0.75Ca0.25MnO3 (R  =  Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sinclair, R.; Cao, H. B.; Garlea, V. O.; Lee, M.; Choi, E. S.; Dun, Z. L.; Dong, S.; Dagotto, E.; Zhou, H. D.

    2017-02-01

    Polycrystalline samples of the quarter-doped manganites R 0.75Ca0.25MnO3 (R  =  Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) were studied by x-ray diffraction and AC/DC susceptibility measurements. All five samples are orthorhombic and exhibit similar magnetic properties: enhanced ferromagnetism below T 1 (∼80 K) and a spin glass (SG) state below T SG (∼30 K). With increasing R 3+ ionic size, both T 1 and T SG generally increase. The single crystal neutron diffraction results on Tb0.75Ca0.25MnO3 revealed that the SG state is mainly composed of a short-range ordered version of a novel canted (i.e. noncollinear) antiferromagnetic spin state. Furthermore, calculations based on the double exchange model for quarter-doped manganites reveal that this new magnetic phase provides a transition state between the ferromagnetic state and the theoretically predicted spin-orthogonal stripe phase.

  2. YT: A Multi-Code Analysis Toolkit for Astrophysical Simulation Data

    SciTech Connect

    Turk, Matthew J.; Smith, Britton D.; Oishi, Jeffrey S.; Skory, Stephen; Skillman, Samuel W.; Abel, Tom; Norman, Michael L.; /aff San Diego, CASS

    2011-06-23

    The analysis of complex multiphysics astrophysical simulations presents a unique and rapidly growing set of challenges: reproducibility, parallelization, and vast increases in data size and complexity chief among them. In order to meet these challenges, and in order to open up new avenues for collaboration between users of multiple simulation platforms, we present yt (available at http://yt.enzotools.org/) an open source, community-developed astrophysical analysis and visualization toolkit. Analysis and visualization with yt are oriented around physically relevant quantities rather than quantities native to astrophysical simulation codes. While originally designed for handling Enzo's structure adaptive mesh refinement data, yt has been extended to work with several different simulation methods and simulation codes including Orion, RAMSES, and FLASH. We report on its methods for reading, handling, and visualizing data, including projections, multivariate volume rendering, multi-dimensional histograms, halo finding, light cone generation, and topologically connected isocontour identification. Furthermore, we discuss the underlying algorithms yt uses for processing and visualizing data, and its mechanisms for parallelization of analysis tasks.

  3. Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr(3-x)Ba(x)SiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor.

    PubMed

    Li, Ye; Li, Baohong; Ni, Chenchen; Yuan, Shuxia; Wang, Jing; Tang, Qiang; Su, Qiang

    2014-02-01

    Sunlight-excitable orange or red persistent oxide phosphors with excellent performance are still in great need. Herein, an intense orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu(2+),Dy(3+) persistent luminescence phosphor was successfully developed by a two-step design strategy. The XRD patterns, photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra, and the thermoluminescence spectra were investigated in detail. By adding non-equivalent trivalent rare earth co-dopants to introduce foreign trapping centers, the persistent luminescence performance of Eu(2+) in Sr3SiO5 was significantly modified. The yellow persistent emission intensity of Eu(2+) was greatly enhanced by a factor of 4.5 in Sr3SiO5:Eu(2+),Nd(3+) compared with the previously reported Sr3SiO5:Eu(2+), Dy(3+). Furthermore, Sr ions were replaced with equivalent Ba to give Sr3-xBaxSiO5 :Eu(2+),Dy(3+) phosphor, which shows yellow-to-orange-red tunable persistent emissions from λ=570 to 591 nm as x is increased from 0 to 0.6. Additionally, the persistent emission intensity of Eu(2+) is significantly improved by a factor of 2.7 in Sr3-xBaxSiO5 :Eu(2+),Dy(3+) (x=0.2) compared with Sr3SiO5 :Eu(2+),Dy(3+). A possible mechanism for enhanced and tunable persistent luminescence behavior of Eu(2+) in Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu(2+),RE(3+) (RE=rare earth) is also proposed and discussed.

  4. Hetero-metallic {3d-4f-5d} complexes: preparation and magnetic behavior of trinuclear [(L(Me2)Ni-Ln){W(CN)(8)}] compounds (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Y; L(Me2) = Schiff base) and variable SMM characteristics for the Tb derivative.

    PubMed

    Sutter, Jean-Pascal; Dhers, Sébastien; Rajamani, Raghunathan; Ramasesha, S; Costes, Jean-Pierre; Duhayon, Carine; Vendier, Laure

    2009-07-06

    Assembling bimetallic {Ni-Ln}(3+) units and {W(CN)(8)}(3-) is shown to be an efficient route toward heteronuclear {3d-4f-5d} compounds. The reaction of either the binuclear [{L(Me2)Ni(H(2)O)(2)}{Ln(NO(3))(3)}] complexes or their mononuclear components [L(Me2)Ni] and Ln(NO(3))(3) with (HNBu(3))(3){W(CN)(8)} in dmf followed by diffusion of tetrahydrofuran yielded the trinuclear [{L(Me2)NiLn}{W(CN)(8)}] compounds 1 (Ln = Y), 2a,b (Gd), 3a,b (Tb), 4 (Dy), 5 (Ho), and 6 (Er) as crystalline materials. All of the derivatives possess the trinuclear core resulting from the linkage of the {W(CN)(8)} to the Ni center of the {Ni-Ln} unit. Differences are found in the solvent molecules acting as ligands and/or in the lattice depending on the crystallization conditions. For all the compounds ferromagnetic {Ni-W} and {Ni-Ln} (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, and Er} interactions are operative resulting in high spin ground states. Parameterization of the magnetic behaviors for the Y and Gd derivatives confirmed the strong cyano-mediated {Ni-W} interaction (J(NiW) = 27.1 and 28.5 cm(-1)) compared to the {Ni-Gd} interaction (J(NiGd) = 2.17 cm(-1)). The characteristic features for slow relaxation of the magnetization are observed for two Tb derivatives, but these are modulated by the crystal phase. Analysis of the frequency dependence of the alternating current susceptibility data yielded U(eff)/k(B) = 15.3 K and tau(0) = 4.5 x 10(-7) s for one derivative whereas no maxima of chi(M)'' appear above 2 K for the second one.

  5. Clinical significance of anti-Yt(b). Report of a case using a 51-chromium red cell survival study

    SciTech Connect

    Levy, G.J.; Selset, G.; McQuiston, D.; Nance, S.J.; Garratty, G.; Smith, L.E.; Goldfinger, D.

    1988-05-01

    Several published reports have documented the variable survival of Yt(a+) red cells (RBC) in patients with anti-Yt(a) as measured by 51-Chromium (Cr)-labeled RBC survival studies. Similar studies with anti-Yt(b) have not been reported. A /sup 51/Cr-labeled RBC survival study was performed using Yt(b+) RBCs and a monocyte monolayer assay in a young hemodialysis patient who required chronic transfusion therapy and who had developed anti-Yt(b). The survival of the transfused RBCs was 100 and 93 percent at 1 and 24 hours, respectively, with a half life of 21 days at termination of the study (normal, 28 to 32 days). These results showed no evidence of rapid destruction of the Yt(b+) RBCs, indicating that this patient could be transfused safely with blood from Yt(b+) donors. Long-term survival of the /sup 51/Cr-labeled Yt(b+) RBCs was shortened moderately, however, a finding that correlated with a slightly abnormal monocyte monolayer assay test.

  6. Controlled synthesis and luminescence properties of Ca0.5Y1-x(MoO4)2:xRE3+ (RE = Eu, Pr, Sm, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er, Yb/Tm, and Yb/Ho) phosphors by hydrothermal method versus pulsed laser deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahalingam, Venkatakrishnan; Thirumalai, Jagannathan; Krishnan, Rajagopalan; Chandramohan, Rathinam

    2016-01-01

    Herein, we report on rare-earth (RE) activated Ca0.5Y1-x(MoO4)2:xRE3+ (RE = Eu, Pr, Sm, Tb, Dy, Yb/Er, Yb/Ho, and Yb/Tm) phosphors synthesized using a surfactant-mediated hydrothermal route. Timedependent experiments were performed, and the morphological evolution of the phosphors was studied. From prepared powder samples of Ca0.5Y1-x(MoO4)2:xRE3+ (RE = Eu and Yb/Er), nano-sized thin phosphor films were grown using pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The surface topography of the as-grown thin phosphor films was analyzed. The asprepared phosphors were characterized by structural and optical studies. The powder phosphor exhibited bi pyramid-like micro-architectures. Structural studies indicated that Ca0.5Y1-x(MoO4)2 possesses the scheelite tetragonal crystal structure. The down-conversion luminescence of Ca0.5Y1-x(MoO4)2:xRE3+ (RE = Eu, Pr, Sm, Tb, and Dy) as powder phosphors and Eu3+ doped Ca0.5Y1-x(MoO4)2 thin phosphor film were studied. Upon irradiation with a 980 nm laser, the Ca0.5Y1-x(MoO4)2: xRE3+ (RE = Yb/Er, Yb/Ho, and Yb/Tm) powder phosphors and Ca0.5Y1-x(MoO4)2:xRE3+ (RE = Yb/Er) thin phosphor film showed intense up-converted visible emissions in green, yellow, and blue regions. The fluorescence decay time and color co-ordinates were determined for all synthesized phosphors. From the obtained results, the prepared powder and thin film phosphors are suggested to be suitable candidates for display and electro-luminescence applications. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

  7. Synthesis, crystal and electronic structures, and physical properties of the novel compounds LaR4Mo36O52 (R = Dy, Er, Yb, and Y) containing infinite chains of trans-edge-shared Mo6 octahedra and Mo2 pairs and rectangular Mo4 clusters with triple Mo-Mo bonds.

    PubMed

    Barrier, N; Fontaine, B; Pierrefixe, S; Gautier, R; Gougeon, P

    2009-04-20

    The novel quaternary reduced molybdenum oxides LaR(4)Mo(36)O(52) (R = Dy, Er, Yb, and Y) have been synthesized with solid-state reactions at 1400 degrees C for 48 h in sealed molybdenum crucibles. The crystal structure was determined on a single crystal of LaEr(4)Mo(36)O(52) by X-ray diffraction. LaEr(4)Mo(36)O(52) crystallizes in the tetragonal space group I4 with two formula units per cell and the following lattice parameters: a = 19.8348(2) and c = 5.6594(1) A. The Mo network is dominated by infinite chains of trans-edge-shared Mo(6) octahedra, which coexist with Mo(2) pairs and rectangular Mo(4) clusters. The Mo-Mo distances within the infinite chains range from 2.5967(7) to 2.8529(8) A and from 2.239(3) to 2.667(2) A in the Mo(2) pairs and rectangular Mo(4) clusters, respectively. The Mo-O distances are comprised between 1.993(7) and 2.149(7) A, as usually observed in these types of compound. The La(3+) and Er(3+) ions are in a square-prismatic [LaO(8)] and a tricapped trigonal-prismatic [ErO(9)] environment of oxygen atoms, respectively. The La-O distances range from 2.555(6) to 2.719(6) A and the Er-O ones from 2.260(6) to 2.469(5) A. Theoretical calculations allow the determination of the optimal electron count of both motifs in the title compound. Weak interactions occur between neighboring dimetallic and tetrametallic clusters and between trans-edge-sharing infinite chains and dimers and tetramers. The presence of rectangular clusters is favored on the basis of theoretical considerations. Single-crystal resistivity measurements show that LaEr(4)Mo(36)O(52) is metallic between 4.2 and 300 K, in agreement with the band structure calculations. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that the oxidation state of the magnetic rare earths is +3, and there is an absence of localized moments on the Mo network.

  8. Enantioselective self-assembly of triangular Dy3 clusters with single-molecule magnet behavior.

    PubMed

    Lin, Shuang-Yan; Wang, Chao; Zhao, Lang; Tang, Jinkui

    2014-12-01

    Three pairs of enantiopure chiral triangular Ln3 clusters, [Ln3LRRRRRR/SSSSSS(μ3-OH)2(H2O)2(SCN)4]⋅xCH3OH⋅yH2O (R-Dy3, Ln=Dy, x=6, y=0; S-Dy3, Ln=Dy, x=6, y=1; R-Ho3, Ln=Ho, x=6, y=1; S-Ho3, Ln=Ho, x=6, y=1; R-Er3, Ln=Er, x=6, y=0; S-Er3, Ln=Er, x=6, y=1), have been successfully synthesized by a rational enantioselective synthetic strategy. The core of triangular Ln3 is bound in the central N6O3 of the macrocyclic ligand, and the coordination spheres of Ln ions are completed by four SCN(-) anions and two H2O molecules in axial positions of the macrocycle. The circular dichroism (CD) and vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra of the enantiomers demonstrate that the chirality is successfully transferred from the ligands to the resulting Ln3 clusters. Ac susceptibility measurements reveal that single-molecule magnet behavior occurs for both enantiopure clusters of R-Dy3 and S-Dy3. This work is one of the few examples of the successful design of a pair of triangular Dy3 clusters showing simultaneously slow magnetic relaxation and optical activity, and this might open up new opportunities to develop novel multifunctional materials.

  9. New strategy to construct single-ion magnets: a unique Dy@Zn₆ cluster exhibiting slow magnetic relaxation.

    PubMed

    Xiong, Gang; Qin, Xiang-Yang; Shi, Peng-Fei; Hou, Yin-Ling; Cui, Jian-Zhong; Zhao, Bin

    2014-04-25

    Two unique heptanuclear clusters Ln@Zn6 (Ln = Dy (1), Er (2)) were structurally and magnetically characterized. Each Dy(3+)/Er(3+) is located in a nona-coordinate D(3h) coordination environment, and is encapsulated in a diamagnetic Zn6 cage. Compound 1 exhibits single-ion magnetic behavior, and is the first example of a single-ion magnet (SIM) constructed through embedding one magnetic anisotropic metal ion into a diamagnetic cage.

  10. Sulfate Exchange of the Nitrate-Type Layered Hydroxide Nanosheets of Ln2(OH)5NO3· nH2O for Better Dispersed and Multi-color Luminescent Ln2O3 Nanophosphors (Ln = Y0.98RE0.02, RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Xiaoli; Liu, Weigang; Li, Ji-Guang; Zhu, Qi; Li, Xiaodong; Sun, Xudong

    2016-07-01

    Through restricting thickness growth by performing coprecipitation at the freezing temperature of ~4 °C, solid-solution nanosheets (up to 5-nm thick) of the Ln2(OH)5NO3· nH2O layered hydroxide (Ln = Y0.98RE0.02; RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm, respectively) were directly synthesized without performing conventional exfoliation. In situ exchange of the interlayer NO3 - with SO4 2- produced a sulfate derivative [Ln2(OH)5(SO4)0.5· nH2O] of the same layered structure and two-dimensional crystallite morphology but substantially contracted d 002 basal spacing (from ~0.886 to 0.841 nm). The sulfate derivative was systematically compared against its nitrate parent in terms of crystal structure and phase/morphology evolution upon heating. It is shown that the interlayer SO4 2-, owing to its bonding with the hydroxide main layer, significantly raises the decomposition temperature from ~600 to 1000 °C to yield remarkably better dispersed oxide nanopowders via a monoclinic Ln2O2SO4 intermediate. The resultant (Y0.98RE0.02)2O3 nanophosphors were studied for their photoluminescence to show that the emission color, depending on RE3+, spans a wide range in the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity diagram, from blue to deep red via green, yellow, orange, and orange red.

  11. Magnetic ordering in the pyrochlore Ho{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} determined from neutron diffraction, and the magnetic properties of other RE{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} phases (RE=Y, Tb, Dy, Er)

    SciTech Connect

    Whitaker, Mariana J.; Greaves, Colin

    2014-07-01

    The magnetic structure of the pyrochlore Ho{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7}, which orders magnetically below 13 K, has been studied using neutron powder diffraction. Ho{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} is found to form an “ordered spin-ice structure” where the magnetic moments are constrained along the 111 axes, but with a ferromagnetic moment in one direction. The Cr{sup 3+} ions order ferromagnetically and this is thought to lift the degeneracy of the x, y and z directions in the cubic structure causing the ferromagnetic component from the Ho{sup 3+} ions to align. The pyrochlores RE{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} where RE=Y, Tb, Dy and Er have also been prepared and studied using SQUID magnetometry. - Graphical abstract: The Ho magnetic moments align to provide an overall ferromagnetic moment along [001]. - Highlights: • Despite having inherent frustration on the Ho sublattice, Ho{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} orders ferromagnetically below 13 K. • Ordering on the Cr/Sb sublattice appears to remove the degenerate ground state for the Ho order. • The Ho{sup 3+} magnetic moments are aligned along <111> directions by crystal field effects. • Y{sub 2}CrSbO{sub 7} with diamagnetic Y{sup 3+} ions also has a ferromagnetic ground state.

  12. Synthesis, structure and properties of the oxychalcogenide series A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} (A=Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Y)

    SciTech Connect

    Tuxworth, A.J.; Evans, J.S.O.

    2014-02-15

    Seven oxyselenide materials have been synthesised with composition A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} (A=Sm, Gd–Er, Y) via solid state reactions of A{sub 2}O{sub 3}, TiSe{sub 2} and Se at 900 °C. They are all isostructural with Gd{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4}. Structures have been refined from powder X-ray diffraction data and have monoclinic C2/m symmetry with unit cell parameters of a≈15.7 Å, b≈3.75 Å, c≈9.65 Å and β≈117.5°. They contain infinite ribbons of edge-sharing A{sub 4}O and A{sub 3}TiO tetrahedra 4 units wide, which are linked by chains of TiSe{sub 4}O{sub 2} edge-sharing octahedra. Compositions A=Gd–Ho, Y are semiconductors with conductivities 1–3 Sm{sup −1} at 300 K, with electronic band gaps of between 0.25 and 0.37 eV. Magnetic susceptibility is reported from 1.8 K to 300 K for compositions A=Gd–Ho. Rare earth moments appear to order antiferromagnetically at low temperatures with Gd and Tb showing evidence of ferromagnetism due to spin canting over a narrow temperature range close to T{sub N}. - Graphical abstract: Illustration of the A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} crystal structure (C2/m symmetry), A{sub 4}O and A{sub 3}TiO edge sharing tetrahedral ribbons in red, chains of edge-sharing TiSe{sub 4}O{sub 2} in blue. Rare earth=green, titanium=blue, selenium=yellow, and oxygen=red. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Seven materials with A{sub 4}O{sub 4}TiSe{sub 4} (A=Sm, Gd–Er, Y) have been synthesised as bulk phases for the first time. • Materials are semiconductors and order antiferromagnetically at ∼4 K. • Structure contains M{sub 4}O tetrahedral ribbons and TiSe{sub 4}O{sub 2} 1D octahedral chains.

  13. Synthesis and morphology of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with tungsten bronze structure in RE{sub 2}O{sub 3}-BaO-Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses (RE: Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er)

    SciTech Connect

    Ida, H.; Shinozaki, K.; Honma, T.; Oh-ishi, K.; Komatsu, T.

    2012-12-15

    Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with a tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) structure are synthesized using a conventional glass crystallization technique in 2.3RE{sub 2}O{sub 3}-27.4BaO-34.3Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-36B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (mol%) (RE=Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, and Er) glasses. One sharp crystallization peak is observed at {approx}670 Degree-Sign C in both powdered and bulk glasses, and the formation of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with unit cell parameters of a{approx}1.24 nm and c{approx}0.39 nm was confirmed. It is found from high resolution transmission electron microscope observations that the morphology of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals is ellipsoidal. Their average particle size is in the range of 15-60 nm and decreases with decreasing ionic radius of RE{sup 3+} being present in the precursor glasses. The optical transparent crystallized glass (bulk) shows the total photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield of 53% in the visible region of Eu{sup 3+} ions, suggesting a high potential of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals as PL materials. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows a TEM photograph for the heat-treated (667 Degree-Sign C, 3 h) sample of 2.3Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3}-27.4BaO-34.3Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-36B{sub 2}O{sub 3}. An ellipsoidal-shaped Ba{sub 1-x}Dy{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystal with diameters of 17 and 28 nm is observed. The ellipsoidal morphology is a common feature in Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals synthesized by the crystallization of 2.3RE{sub 2}O{sub 3}-27.4BaO-34.3Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-36B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with a tetragonal tungsten bronze structure are synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A glass crystallization technique was applied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The morphology of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals is

  14. Structural and magnetic properties of DyMn(2)D(6) synthesized under high deuterium pressure.

    PubMed

    Paul-Boncour, V; Filipek, S M; Wierzbicki, R; André, G; Bourée, F; Guillot, M

    2009-01-07

    DyMn(2)D(6) has been prepared by applying high gaseous deuterium pressure on DyMn(2). This phase is isostructural with other RMn(2)D(6) (R = Y, Er) compounds and crystallizes with a K(2)PtCl(6) type structure having an ordered anion and a partially disordered cation arrangement because Dy and half the Mn atoms are randomly substituted in the same 8c site. The reverse susceptibility follows a Curie-Weiss law with an effective moment of 10 μ(B) similar to that of DyMn(2). Short range magnetic order, corresponding to ferromagnetic correlations, is observed in the neutron patterns up to 10 K and can be attributed to Dy-Dy interactions. The decomposition of the deuteride into Mn and DyD(2), studied by thermal gravimetric analysis, occurs between 470 and 650 K. A further deuterium desorption takes place above 920 K.

  15. Chiral mononuclear lanthanide complexes and the field-induced single-ion magnet behaviour of a Dy analogue.

    PubMed

    Lin, Shuang-Yan; Wang, Chao; Zhao, Lang; Wu, Jianfeng; Tang, Jinkui

    2015-01-07

    Three pairs of homochiral mononuclear lanthanide complexes, with the general formula [LnH4LRRRRRR/SSSSSS(SCN)2](SCN)2·xCH3OH·yH2O(Ln = Dy (R/S-Dy1), Ho (R/S-Ho1) and Er (R/S-Er1)), have been obtained via self-assembly between chiral macrocyclic ligands and the respective thiocyanates, all of which show a saddle-type conformation with seven-coordinated metal ions. Magnetic measurements revealed that the Dy complex shows field-induced single-ion magnet behaviour, which is rarely reported in a seven-coordinated lanthanide-based SIM encapsulated in a macrocyclic ligand. The absolute configuration of all enantiomers was determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography and confirmed by electronic CD and VCD spectra.

  16. LiDy(PO3)4

    PubMed Central

    Chehimi-Moumen, Fathia; Férid, Mokhtar

    2008-01-01

    Single crystals of lithium dysprosium polyphosphate, LiDy(PO3)4, were prepared by the flux method. The atomic arrangement is built up by infinite (PO3)n chains extending along the b axis. Dy3+ and Li+ cations alternate in the middle of four such chains, with Dy⋯Li distances of 3.54 (1) and 3.48 (1) Å. The DyO8 dodeca­hedra and LiO4 tetra­hedra deviate significantly from the ideal geometry. Both Dy and Li occupy special positions (Wyckoff position 4e, site symmetry 2). PMID:21202729

  17. Biodegradation of methylthio-s-triazines by Rhodococcus sp. strain FJ1117YT, and production of the corresponding methylsulfinyl, methylsulfonyl and hydroxy analogues.

    PubMed

    Fujii, Kunihiko; Takagi, Kazuhiro; Hiradate, Syuntaro; Iwasaki, Akio; Harada, Naoki

    2007-03-01

    A novel bacterial strain FJ1117YT was isolated from an enrichment culture with the herbicide simetryn. The isolate was capable of degrading the herbicide supplied as the sole sulfur source in an aquatic batch culture. The strain FJ1117YT was identified as that belonging to Rhodococcus sp. on the basis of comparative morphology, physiological characteristics and comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequence. The biodegradation pathway of simetryn was established by isolating the methylsulfinyl analogue as the first metabolite and by identification of the methylsulfonyl intermediate and the hydroxy analogue by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and/or nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis. The results indicate that the methylthio group was progressively oxidised and hydrolysed by the strain FJ1117YT. The same strain is also able to metabolise other methylthio-s-triazines such as ametryn, desmetryn, dimethametryn and prometryn through similar pathways.

  18. Lifetime measurements in 162Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aprahamian, A.; Lesher, S. R.; Casarella, C.; Börner, H. G.; Jentschel, M.

    2017-02-01

    Background: The nature of oscillations or excitations around the equilibrium deformed nuclear shape remains an open question in nuclear structure. The 162Dy nucleus is one of the most extensively studied nuclei with the (n ,γ ), (n ,e- ), (α ,2 n ) reactions and most recently the (p ,t ) pickup reaction adding 11 0+ states to an excitation energy of 2.8 MeV to an already-well-developed level scheme. However, a major shortfall for a better understanding of the nature of the plethora of bands and levels in this nucleus has been the lack of lifetime measurements. Purpose: To determine the character of the low-lying excited bands in this 162Dy nucleus, we set out to measure the level lifetimes. Method: Lifetimes were measured in the 162Dy nucleus following neutron capture using the Gamma-Ray-Induced Doppler (GRID) broadening technique at the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble, France. Results: In total, we have measured the lifetimes of 12 levels belonging to a number of excited positive- and negative-parity bands in the low-lying spectrum of the 162Dy nucleus. The lifetime of the Kπ=2+ bandhead at 888.16 keV was previously measured. We confirm this value and measure lifetimes of the 3+ and 4+ members of this band yielding B (E 2 ) values that are consistent with a single γ -vibrational phonon of several Weisskopf units. The first excited Kπ=4+ band, with a bandhead at 1535.66 keV, is strongly connected to the Kπ=2+ band with enhanced collective B (E 2 ) values and it is consistent with a double phonon vibrational (γ γ ) excitation. Lifetime of Kπ=0+ band members have also been measured, including the 4Kπ=02+ state at 1574.29 keV and the 2Kπ= 03+ state at 1728.31 keV. This latter state also displays the characteristics of a double phonon excitation built on the Kπ=2+ band. Conclusions: We discuss our findings in terms of the presence or absence of collective quadrupole and octupole vibrational excitations. We find two positive-parity excited bands at 1535

  19. Magnetocaloric properties of rare-earth substituted DyCrO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McDannald, A.; Jain, M.

    2015-07-01

    Recently, there has been a focus on the need for efficient refrigeration technology without the use of expensive or harmful working fluids, especially at temperatures below 30 K. Solid state refrigeration, based on the magnetocaloric effect, provides a possible solution to this problem. The rare-earth chromites (RCrO3), especially DyCrO3, with its large magnetic moment dysprosium ion, are potential candidates for such an application. The Dy3+ ordering transition at low temperatures (<10 K) likely causes a large magnetocaloric response in this material. This study investigates the possibility of tuning the magnetocaloric properties through the use of rare-earth substitution. Both Y3+ and Ho3+ substitutions were found to decrease the magnetocaloric response by disrupting the R3+ ordering. Whereas Er3+ substitution was found to increase the magnetocaloric response, likely due to an increase in the R3+ ordering temperature. The large magnetocaloric entropy change of Er3+ substituted DyCrO3 (10.92 J/kg K with a relative cooling power of 237 J/kg at 40 kOe and 5 K) indicates that this material system is well suited for low temperature (<30 K) solid state refrigeration applications.

  20. Magnetocaloric properties of rare-earth substituted DyCrO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    McDannald, A.; Jain, M.

    2015-07-28

    Recently, there has been a focus on the need for efficient refrigeration technology without the use of expensive or harmful working fluids, especially at temperatures below 30 K. Solid state refrigeration, based on the magnetocaloric effect, provides a possible solution to this problem. The rare-earth chromites (RCrO{sub 3}), especially DyCrO{sub 3}, with its large magnetic moment dysprosium ion, are potential candidates for such an application. The Dy{sup 3+} ordering transition at low temperatures (<10 K) likely causes a large magnetocaloric response in this material. This study investigates the possibility of tuning the magnetocaloric properties through the use of rare-earth substitution. Both Y{sup 3+} and Ho{sup 3+} substitutions were found to decrease the magnetocaloric response by disrupting the R{sup 3+} ordering. Whereas Er{sup 3+} substitution was found to increase the magnetocaloric response, likely due to an increase in the R{sup 3+} ordering temperature. The large magnetocaloric entropy change of Er{sup 3+} substituted DyCrO{sub 3} (10.92 J/kg K with a relative cooling power of 237 J/kg at 40 kOe and 5 K) indicates that this material system is well suited for low temperature (<30 K) solid state refrigeration applications.

  1. Series of isostructural planar lanthanide complexes [Ln(III)4(mu3-OH)2(mdeaH)2(piv)8] with single molecule magnet behavior for the Dy4 analogue.

    PubMed

    Abbas, Ghulam; Lan, Yanhua; Kostakis, George E; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Anson, Christopher E; Powell, Annie K

    2010-09-06

    A series of five isostructural tetranuclear lanthanide complexes of formula [Ln(4)(mu(3)-OH)(2)(mdeaH)(2)(piv)(8)], (mdeaH(2) = N-methyldiethanolamine; piv = pivalate; Ln = Tb (1), Dy (2), Ho (3), Er (4), and Tm (5)) have been synthesized and characterized. These clusters have a planar "butterfly" Ln(4) core. Magnetically, the Ln(III) ions are weakly coupled in all cases; the Dy(4) compound 2 shows Single Molecule Magnet (SMM) behavior.

  2. Highly conserved salt bridge stabilizes a proteinase K subfamily enzyme, Aqualysin I, from Thermus aquaticus YT-1.

    PubMed

    Sakaguchi, Masayoshi; Osaku, Kanae; Maejima, Susumu; Ohno, Nao; Sugahara, Yasusato; Oyama, Fumitaka; Kawakita, Masao

    2014-01-01

    The proteinase K subfamily enzymes, thermophilic Aqualysin I (AQN) from Thermus aquaticus YT-1 and psychrophilic serine protease (VPR) from Vibrio sp. PA-44, have six and seven salt bridges, respectively. To understand the possible significance of salt bridges in the thermal stability of AQN, we prepared mutant proteins in which amino acid residues participating in salt bridges common to proteinase K subfamily members and intrinsic to AQN were replaced to disrupt the bridges one at a time. Disruption of a salt bridge common to proteinase K subfamily enzymes in the D183N mutant resulted in a significant reduction in thermal stability, and a massive change in the content of the secondary structure was observed, even at 70°C, in the circular dichroism (CD) analysis. These results indicate that the common salt bridge Asp183-Arg12 is important in maintaining the conformation of proteinase K subfamily enzymes and suggest the importance of proximity between the regions around Asp183 and the N-terminal region around Arg12. Of the three mutants that lack an AQN intrinsic salt bridge, D212N was more prone to unfolding at 80°C than the wild-type enzyme. Similarly, D17N and E237Q were less thermostable than the wild-type enzyme, although this may be partially due to increased autolysis. The AQN intrinsic salt bridges appear to confer additional thermal stability to this enzyme. These findings will further our understanding of the factors involved in stabilizing protein structure.

  3. Role of Respiratory Nitrate Reductase in Ability of Pseudomonas fluorescens YT101 To Colonize the Rhizosphere of Maize

    PubMed Central

    Ghiglione, Jean-François; Gourbiere, François; Potier, Patrick; Philippot, Laurent; Lensi, Robert

    2000-01-01

    Selection of the denitrifying community by plant roots (i.e., increase in the denitrifier/total heterotroph ratio in the rhizosphere) has been reported by several authors. However, very few studies to evaluate the role of the denitrifying function itself in the selection of microorganisms in the rhizosphere have been performed. In the present study, we compared the rhizosphere survival of the denitrifying Pseudomonas fluorescens YT101 strain with that of its isogenic mutant deficient in the ability to synthesize the respiratory nitrate reductase, coinoculated in nonplanted or planted soil. We demonstrated that under nonlimiting nitrate conditions, the denitrifying wild-type strain had an advantage in the ability to colonize the rhizosphere of maize. Investigations of the effect of the inoculum characteristics (density of the total inoculum and relative proportions of mutant and wild-type strains) on the outcome of the selection demonstrated that the selective effect of the plant was expressed only during the phase of bacterial multiplication and that the intensity of selection was dependent on the magnitude of this phase. Moreover, application of the de Wit replacement series technique to our results suggests that the advantage of the wild-type strain was maximal when the ratio between the two strains in the inoculum was close to 1:1. This work constitutes the first direct demonstration that the presence of a functional structural gene encoding the respiratory nitrate reductase confers higher rhizosphere competence to a microorganism. PMID:10966422

  4. DNA-based typing of Kell, Kidd, MNS, Dombrock, Colton, and Yt blood group systems in the French Basques.

    PubMed

    Touinssi, Mhammed; Chiaroni, Jacques; Degioanni, Anna; Granier, Thomas; Dutour, Olivier; Bailly, Pascal; Bauduer, Frédéric

    2008-01-01

    The Basques demonstrate peculiar characteristics regarding blood group systems. Although ABO, Rhesus, and Duffy have been extensively studied in this population, the distribution of other groups remains largely unknown. Therefore, we evaluated the frequency of less-explored- or still noninvestigated blood groups using DNA-based assays and interpreted these data in the view of population genetics. Polymorphisms of KEL (Kell), SLCA14A1 (Kidd), GYPA/GYPB (MNS), ART4 (Dombrock), AQP1 (Colton), and ACHE (Yt) blood group genes were determined from a sample of more than 100 autochthonous French Basques using allele-specific primer PCR (PCR-ASP) methods. Our results were compared with those previously obtained by the use of serology from both Basque and non-Basque European populations. MNS*1 and JK*1 allele frequencies were comparable with those reported from Basque samples. Conversely, the KEL*1 allele frequency differed significantly. To our knowledge, this is the first time that the other three systems are studied in the Basque population. DO*1 and CO*1 allele frequencies, being respectively 0.35 and 0.96, were significantly inferior to those published from various European populations. There were some discrepancies regarding these six blood systems when comparing molecular typing with serology. These findings may be explained by differences in either criteria for individual selection or technical assays. Nevertheless, these results constitute additional data to be included in the chapter of Basque biological anthropology.

  5. Manipulation of Dy-Mn coupling and ferrielectric phase diagram of DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}: The effect of Y substitution of Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Z. Y.; Wang, Y. L.; Lin, L.; Liu, M. F.; Li, X.; Yan, Z. B.; Liu, J.-M.

    2015-11-07

    DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} is an extraordinary example in the family of multiferroic manganites and it accommodates both the 4f and 3d magnetic ions with strong Dy-Mn (4f-3d) coupling. The electric polarization origin is believed to arise not only from the Mn spin interactions but also from the Dy-Mn coupling. Starting from proposed scenario on ferrielectricity in DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} where the exchange-strictions associated with the Mn{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+}-Mn{sup 3+} blocks and Dy{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+}-Dy{sup 3+} blocks generate the two ferroelectric sublattices, we perform a set of characterizations on the structure, magnetism, and electric polarization of Dy{sub 1-x}Y{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 5} in order to investigate the roles of Dy-Mn coupling in manipulating the ferrielectricity. It is revealed that the non-magnetic Y substitution of Dy suppresses gradually the Dy{sup 3+} spin ordering and the Dy-Mn coupling. Consequently, the ferroelectric sublattice generated by the exchange striction associated with the Dy{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+}-Dy{sup 3+} blocks is destabilized, but the ferroelectric sublattice generated by the exchange striction associated with the Mn{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+}-Mn{sup 3+} blocks remains less perturbed, enabling the ferrielectricity-ferroelectricity transitions with the Y substitution. A phenomenological ferrielectric domain model is suggested to explain the polarization reversal induced by the Y substitution. The present work presents a possible scenario of the multiferroic mechanism in not only DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} but probably also other RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} members with strong 4f-3d coupling.

  6. Electromagnetic transition strengths in 155Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yavahchova, M. S.; Petkov, P.; Dewald, A.; Möller, O.; Saha, B.; Fitzler, A.; Jessen, K.; Tonev, D.; Gutev, N.; Klug, T.; Heinze, S.; Jolie, J.; von Brentano, P.; Bazzacco, D.; Ur, C.; Farnea, E.; Axiotis, M.; Lunardi, S.; Rossi-Alvarez, C.; de Angelis, G.; Napoli, D. R.; Marginean, N.; Martinez, T.; Caprio, M.

    2012-05-01

    Lifetimes of excited states in 155Dy were measured by means of the Recoil Distance Doppler-shift technique in the coincidence mode. The experiment was performed at the Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro with the GASP array and the Cologne plunger using the reaction 124Sn(36S,5n)155Dy at a beam energy of 155 MeV. The Differential decay-curve method was applied for the lifetime determination. The measured transition probabilities in 155Dy and the energy spectrum are compared to the predictions of the Particle plus rotor model. The comparison indicates slightly different quadrupole deformations characterizing the low-lying one-quasineutron bands which may point to a shape coexistence.

  7. Decay of the neutron-rich isotope 171Ho and the identification of 169Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chasteler, R. M.; Nitschke, J. M.; Firestone, R. B.; Vierinen, K. S.; Wilmarth, P. A.

    1990-10-01

    Neutron-rich rare-earth isotopes were produced in multinucleon transfer reactions between 170Er ions and natW targets. On-line mass separation was used together with β- and γ-ray spectroscopy in these studies. At mass A=169, the heaviest known dysprosium isotope, 39(8) s,169Dy, was identified. It was observed to β- decay to the ground state of 169Ho or through a level at 1578 keV. In the A=171 mass chain, a partial decay scheme for 55(3)-s 171Ho was determined.

  8. s -wave scattering lengths of the strongly dipolar bosons 162Dy and 164Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Yijun; Sykes, Andrew; Burdick, Nathaniel Q.; Bohn, John L.; Lev, Benjamin L.

    2015-08-01

    We report the measurement of the deca-heptuplet s -partial-wave scattering length a of two bosonic isotopes of the highly magnetic element dysprosium: a =112 (10 ) a0 for 162Dy and a =92 (8 ) a0 for 164Dy, where a0 is the Bohr radius. The scattering lengths are determined by the cross-dimensional relaxation of ultracold gases of these Dy isotopes at temperatures above quantum degeneracy. In this temperature regime, the measured rethermalization dynamics can be compared to simulations of the Boltzmann equation using a direct-simulation Monte Carlo method employing the anisotropic differential scattering cross section of dipolar particles.

  9. Electrochemical formation of Dy alloy films in a molten LiCl-KCl-DyCl3 system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Konishi, H.; Usui, T.; Nohira, T.; Ito, Y.

    2009-05-01

    As to the electrochemical formation of Dy-Ni alloy films in a molten LiCl-KCl-DyCl3 system at 700 K, the growth of DyNi2 film and behavior of anodic dissolution of Dy from the formed DyNi2 film were investigated. The DyNi2 films were formed by potentiostatic electrolysis at 0.55, 0.62 and 0.70 V with Ni electrodes. The growth rates of DyNi2 films are higher at less noble potential, i.e., 0.47 8m min-1 at 0.55 V, 0.32 8m min-1 at 0.62 V and 0.14 8m min-1 at 0.70 V. From RBS analysis, it was suggested that the Dy-Ni alloy film was formed for 10 or 30 s during electrodepositing Dy at 0.30 V with a Ni electrode. Moreover, the growth rate of Dy-Ni alloy film was faster than that of Dy-Fe alloy film. Anodic electrolysis of the formed DyNi2 film with thickness of 15 μm was conducted at 0.90 V, 1.30 V and 1.90 V, respectively. The formed DyNi2 were transformed to other phases, i.e., DyNi3, DyNi5 and Ni, by selective anodic dissolution of Dy. The transformed Ni film was about 10 μm in thickness and had a porous structure with a pore diameter of 1~2 μm.

  10. Reticulons Regulate the ER Inheritance Block during ER Stress.

    PubMed

    Piña, Francisco Javier; Fleming, Tinya; Pogliano, Kit; Niwa, Maho

    2016-05-09

    Segregation of functional organelles during the cell cycle is crucial to generate healthy daughter cells. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ER stress causes an ER inheritance block to ensure cells inherit a functional ER. Here, we report that formation of tubular ER in the mother cell, the first step in ER inheritance, depends on functional symmetry between the cortical ER (cER) and perinuclear ER (pnER). ER stress induces functional asymmetry, blocking tubular ER formation and ER inheritance. Using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, we show that the ER chaperone Kar2/BiP fused to GFP and an ER membrane reporter, Hmg1-GFP, behave differently in the cER and pnER. The functional asymmetry and tubular ER formation depend on Reticulons/Yop1, which maintain ER structure. LUNAPARK1 deletion in rtn1Δrtn2Δyop1Δ cells restores the pnER/cER functional asymmetry, tubular ER generation, and ER inheritance blocks. Thus, Reticulon/Yop1-dependent changes in ER structure are linked to ER inheritance during the yeast cell cycle.

  11. Stability of multiferroicity against Dy/Mn off-stoichiometry in DyMnO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, J. X.; Liu, M. F.; Zhao, Z. Y.; Yan, Z. B.; Liu, J.-M.

    2014-05-07

    We investigate the effects of slight Dy/Mn off-stoichiometry on the multiferroic behaviors of DyMnO{sub 3} (Dy{sub 1−x}Mn{sub 1+x}O{sub 3}). It is revealed that the distorted lattice structure and ferroelectric property exhibit higher stability against the Mn deficiency than the Dy deficiency. Since the electric polarization includes the contributions from the Mn-Mn and Dy-Mn interactions, the measured polarization exhibits different dependence on the Mn deficiency from that on the Dy deficiency. The present work suggests that the Dy/Mn off-stoichiometry is detrimental to the ferroelectricity, owing to the modulated spin interactions and reshuffled spin frustration.

  12. Spectroscopy of neutron-rich {sup 168,170}Dy: Yrast band evolution close to the N{sub p}N{sub n} valence maximum

    SciTech Connect

    Soederstroem, P.-A.; Nyberg, J.; Regan, P. H.; Ashley, S. F.; Catford, W. N.; Gelletly, W.; Jones, G. A.; Liu, Z.; Pietri, S.; Podolyak, Zs.; Steer, S. J.; Thompson, N. J.; Williams, S. J.; Algora, A.; Angelis, G. de; Corradi, L.; Fioretto, E.; Gottardo, A.; Grodner, E.; He, C. Y.

    2010-03-15

    The yrast sequence of the neutron-rich dysprosium isotope {sup 168}Dy has been studied using multinucleon transfer reactions following collisions between a 460-MeV {sup 82}Se beam and an {sup 170}Er target. The reaction products were identified using the PRISMA magnetic spectrometer and the gamma rays detected using the CLARA HPGe-detector array. The 2{sup +} and 4{sup +} members of the previously measured ground-state rotational band of {sup 168}Dy have been confirmed and the yrast band extended up to 10{sup +}. A tentative candidate for the 4{sup +}->2{sup +} transition in {sup 170}Dy was also identified. The data on these nuclei and on the lighter even-even dysprosium isotopes are interpreted in terms of total Routhian surface calculations and the evolution of collectivity in the vicinity of the proton-neutron valence product maximum is discussed.

  13. Magnetic and microstructural modification of the Nd-Fe-B sintered magnet by mixed DyF3/DyHx powder doping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Tae-Hoon; Lee, Seong-Rae; Kim, Hyo-Jun; Lee, Min-Woo; Jang, Tae-Suk

    2014-05-01

    We investigated the magnetic and microstructural properties of Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets doped with DyF3, DyHx, and a mixture of DyF3 and DyHx powders. In the DyHx-doped magnet, diffusion of Dy occurs predominantly via grain boundary diffusion. However, the proportion of Dy being diffused by lattice diffusion is increased in the DyF3-doped magnet due to the different influences of F- and H+ ions. The detailed mechanism of the microstructural changes in terms of the diffusional behavior of Dy induced by the DyF3 and DyHx powder doping is discussed. The formation of a Dy-segregated Nd-rich oxide phase (RE-rich, Dy-Nd-O) was suppressed only in the DyF3-doped magnet, and the (00L) alignment of Nd2Fe14B grains in the sintered magnet increased when it was doped with the DyHx powder. We obtained the optimum microstructural and magnetic properties of the Nd-Fe-B sintered magnet through doping with a mixture of DyF3 and DyHx powders, which compensated for the drawbacks of using each powder alone.

  14. Thermochromism and fluorescence in dyed PEO films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamath, Archana; S, Raghu; V, Mini; C, Sharanappa; H, Devendrappa

    2015-06-01

    The optical absorbance spectra of solution casted pure & methyl blue (MB) dyed polyethylene oxide (PEO) films were recorded in a wavelength range from 190-1100nm at different temperatures. The absorbance was found to increases with increasing temperature. Fluorescence micrographs confirmed the interaction between polymer and dye and also revealed decreased crystallinity of the sample. Fluorescence quantum yield has been calculated with the help of fluorescence spectra.

  15. Thermochromism and fluorescence in dyed PEO films

    SciTech Connect

    Kamath, Archana; S, Raghu; V, Mini; C, Sharanappa; H, Devendrappa

    2015-06-24

    The optical absorbance spectra of solution casted pure & methyl blue (MB) dyed polyethylene oxide (PEO) films were recorded in a wavelength range from 190-1100nm at different temperatures. The absorbance was found to increases with increasing temperature. Fluorescence micrographs confirmed the interaction between polymer and dye and also revealed decreased crystallinity of the sample. Fluorescence quantum yield has been calculated with the help of fluorescence spectra.

  16. Properties of the β-Delayed Proton Decay of 147Er

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Fei; Zhou, Xiao-Hong; Zheng, Yong; Xu, Shu-Wei; Xie, Yuan-Xiang; Chen, Liang; Zhang, Yu-Hu; Li, Zhan-Kui; Qiang, Yun-Hua; Lei, Xiang-Guo; Guo, Ying-Xiang; Guo, Song; Ding, Bing; Wang, Hai-Xia; Li, Guang-Shun; Zhou, Hou-Bing

    2010-06-01

    The β-delayed proton decay of 147Er is studied experimentally using the 68Ni+92 Mo reaction at a beam energy of 383 MeV. Based on a He-jet apparatus coupled with a tape transport system, the β-delayed proton radioactivities both from the νs1/2 ground state and the νh11/2 isomer in 147Er are identified by proton-γ coincidence measurements. By analyzing the time distribution of the 4+ → 2+γ transition in the grand-daughter nucleus 146Dy, a half-life of 1.6 ± 0.2 s is determined for the νh11/2 isomer in 147Er. The half-life for the ground state of 147Er is estimated to be 3.2 ± 1.2 s.

  17. Radiative strength functions in {sup 163,164}Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Nyhus, H. T.; Siem, S.; Guttormsen, M.; Larsen, A. C.; Buerger, A.; Syed, N. U. H.; Tveten, G. M.; Voinov, A.

    2010-02-15

    The nuclei {sup 163,164}Dy have been investigated using the Oslo method on data from the pickup reaction {sup 164}Dy({sup 3}He,{alpha}{gamma}){sup 163}Dy and the inelastic scattering {sup 164}Dy({sup 3}He,{sup 3}He{sup '}{gamma}){sup 164}Dy, respectively. The radiative strength functions for both nuclei have been extracted, and a small resonance centered around E{sub {gamma}}approx =3 MeV is observed in both cases. The parameters of this so-called pygmy M1 resonance (the scissors mode) are compared with previous results on {sup 160,161,162}Dy using the Oslo method, and with data on {sup 163}Dy measured by the Prague group using the two-step cascade method. In particular, the integrated reduced transition probability B(M1arrow up) of the pygmy resonance is compared with neighboring dysprosium isotopes. We also observe an enhanced strength in the region above E{sub {gamma}}approx =5 MeV in {sup 164}Dy. Possible origins of this feature are discussed.

  18. Registration of ‘Dy10-DLC’ wheat

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Dy10-DLC wheat (Triticum aestivum) was developed by USDA-ARS at the Western Regional Research Center in Albany, CA. Dy10-DLC was identified from an EMS-mutagenized population of an elite hexaploid wheat variety Summit by screening M3 seeds for altered storage protein profiles using one-dimensiona...

  19. Decay of the neutron-rich isotope sup 171 Ho and the identification of sup 169 Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Chasteler, R.M.; Nitschke, J.M.; Firestone, R.B.; Vierinen, K.S.; Wilmarth, P.A. )

    1990-10-01

    Neutron-rich rare-earth isotopes were produced in multinucleon transfer reactions between {sup 170}Er ions and {sup nat}W targets. On-line mass separation was used together with {beta}- and {gamma}-ray spectroscopy in these studies. At mass {ital A}=169, the heaviest known dysprosium isotope, 39(8) s,{sup 169}Dy, was identified. It was observed to {beta}{sup {minus}} decay to the ground state of {sup 169}Ho or through a level at 1578 keV. In the {ital A}=171 mass chain, a partial decay scheme for 55(3)-s {sup 171}Ho was determined.

  20. Luminescence quenching of Dy3+ ions in lead bismuthate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pisarski, Wojciech A.; Pisarska, Joanna; Lisiecki, Radosław; Dominiak-Dzik, Grażyna; Ryba-Romanowski, Witold

    2012-04-01

    Luminescence of lead bismuthate glasses PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3 containing Dy3+ ions has been studied. Two overlapping luminescence bands corresponding to 3P1-1S0 transition of Bi3+ and 4F9/2 -6H13/2 transition of Dy3+ were detected under 480 nm excitation. Comparison of luminescence features for the system under study to those reported for dysprosium-doped lead borate glass PbO-B2O3-Ga2O3 indicates that the luminescence of Dy3+ is efficiently quenched by Bi3+ ions. Analysis of luminescence dynamics implies that the excitation energy transfer from Dy3+ to Bi3+ is nonradiative. The theoretical calculations using Inokuti-Hirayama model confirm strong luminescence of Dy3+ ions in lead bismuthate glasses.

  1. ER-2 in flight

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    In this film clip, we see an ER-2 on its take off roll and climb as it departs from runway 22 at Edwards AFB, California. In 1981, NASA acquired its first ER-2 aircraft. The agency obtained a second ER-2 in 1989. These airplanes replaced two Lockheed U-2 aircraft, which NASA had used to collect scientific data since 1971. The U-2, and later the ER-2, were based at the Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, until 1997. In 1997, the ER-2 aircraft and their operations moved to NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. Since the inaugural flight for this program, August 31, 1971, NASA U-2 and ER-2 aircraft have flown more than 4,000 data missions and test flights in support of scientific research conducted by scientists from NASA, other federal agencies, states, universities, and the private sector. NASA is currently using two ER-2 Airborne Science aircraft as flying laboratories. The aircraft, based at NASA Dryden, collect information about our surroundings, including Earth resources, celestial observations, atmospheric chemistry and dynamics, and oceanic processes. The aircraft also are used for electronic sensor research and development, satellite calibration, and satellite data validation. The ER-2 is a versatile aircraft well-suited to perform multiple mission tasks. It is 30 percent larger than the U-2 with a 20 feet longer wingspan and a considerably increased payload over the older airframe. The aircraft has four large pressurized experiment compartments and a high-capacity AC/DC electrical system, permitting it to carry a variety of payloads on a single mission. The modular design of the aircraft permits rapid installation or removal of payloads to meet changing mission requirements. The ER-2 has a range beyond 3,000 miles (4800 kilometers); is capable of long flight duration and can operate at altitudes up to 70,000 feet (21.3 kilometers) if required. Operating at an altitude of 65,000 feet (19.8 kilometers) the ER-2 acquires data

  2. The hierarchical triple system DY Lyncis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dimitrov, W.; Lehmann, H.; Kamiński, K.; Kamińska, M. K.; Zgórz, M.; Gibowski, M.

    2017-04-01

    We present the results of a six-year spectroscopic monitoring of DY Lyncis. Three different echelle spectrographs were used to collect the spectroscopic data. Each DY Lyncis spectrum contains lines of three different stars. Two of them belong to a very close eclipsing binary (EB) with an orbital period of 1.3 d. The reflex motion due to the third body can be observed in the radial velocities of the EB. We found the period of the wide orbit to be 281 d and its eccentricity is 0.33. We used the Wilson-Devinney method to fit both orbits. The analysis revealed that the EB consists of two very similar stars of 1.21 and 1.14 M⊙, corresponding to a mass ratio of 0.94. The fit of the long-period orbit showed that the third body is the most massive component in the system, its mass is 1.40 M⊙. Additionally, the atmospheric parameters were calculated for all three components. For that, we acquired spectra with a 2-m class telescope where we obtained sufficient signal-to-noise ratio. We derived temperatures of 6370 ± 150 and 6260 ± 140 K for the EB components, and 6380 ± 110 K for the most massive star. From the combined photometric and spectroscopic analysis, we estimate that the distance and age of the system are 285 pc and 2.5 Gyr, respectively.

  3. Room temperature Dy:YLF laser operation at 4.34 micron

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barnes, Norman P.; Allen, Roger E.

    1991-01-01

    A Dy:YLF laser operating on the 6H11/2 to 6H13/2 transition at 4.34 micron and using a laser pumping scheme is reported. This pumping scheme is necessitated by the short upper-laser-level lifetime and the small effective stimulated-emission cross section. A suitable laser for this application is the Er:YLF laser operating at 1.73 micron. A simple model that approximates Dy:YLF laser performance well is presented. Results on laser performance, including a determination of the slope efficiency and threshold as a function of the output mirror reflectivity and a correlation of the pulse length with the laser output energy, are reported. Overall laser efficiency is found to be limited primarily by the ratio of the pump wavelength to laser output wavelength and the terminated four-level laser operation. Spectroscopic results, including the measurement of the absorption spectra and the lifetimes of both the upper- and lower-laser manifolds, are given.

  4. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... dyed fuel. 48.4082-2 Section 48.4082-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... required for dyed fuel. (a) In general. A legible and conspicuous notice stating “DYED DIESEL FUEL... facility where it sells dyed diesel fuel for use by its buyer. A legible and conspicuous notice...

  5. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... dyed fuel. 48.4082-2 Section 48.4082-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... required for dyed fuel. (a) In general. A legible and conspicuous notice stating “DYED DIESEL FUEL... facility where it sells dyed diesel fuel for use by its buyer. A legible and conspicuous notice...

  6. Laser ablation production of Ba, Ca, Dy, Er, La, Lu, and Yb ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olmschenk, S.; Becker, P.

    2017-04-01

    We use a pulsed nitrogen laser to produce atomic ions by laser ablation, measuring the relative ion yield for several elements, including some that have only recently been proposed for use in cold trapped ion experiments. For barium, we monitor the ion yield as a function of the number of applied ablation pulses for different substrates. We also investigate the ion production as a function of the pulse energy, and the efficiency of loading an ion trap as a function of radiofrequency voltage.

  7. Search for superdeformed bands in {sup 154}Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Nisius, D.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L.

    1995-08-01

    The island of superdeformation in the vicinity of the doubly magic {sup 152}Dy yrast superdeformed (SD) band is thought to be well understood in the framework of cranked mean field calculations. In particular, the calculations suggested that in {sup 154}Dy there should be no yrast or near yrast SD minimum in the 40-60 h spin range, where SD bands in this mass region are thought to be {sup 153}Dy nucleus, it is populated. However, with the presence of five SD bands in the neighboring necessary to ascertain if the addition of one single neutron diminishes the importance of shell effects to the extent that superdeformation can no longer be sustained. In an experiment utilizing the increased resolving power of the early implementation phase of Gammasphere, the reaction {sup 122}Sn({sup 36}S,4n) at 165 MeV was employed to populate high spin states in {sup 154}Dy. In a four-day run with 36 detectors, over one billion triple and higher fold coincidence events were recorded. One new SD band was identified and was assigned to {sup 154}Dy. From comparisons with the Im{sup (2)} moments of inertia of the SD bands in {sup 152}Dy and {sup 153}Dy, a configuration based on (514)9/2{sup 2} neutrons coupled to the {sup 152}Dy SD core was proposed. One unexpected and as yet unexplained feature of this new SD band is that the transition energies are almost identical to those of an excited SD band in {sup 153}Dy. It is also worth noting that the feeding of the yrast states is similar to that achieved by the deexcitation from the ensemble of all entry states in the reaction. This observation emphasizes the statistical nature of the decay-out process. A paper reporting these results was accepted for publication.

  8. ER Stress and Angiogenesis.

    PubMed

    Binet, François; Sapieha, Przemyslaw

    2015-10-06

    Proper tissue vascularization is vital for cellular function as it delivers oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and immune cells and helps to clear cellular debris and metabolic waste products. Tissue angiogenesis occurs to satisfy energy requirements and cellular sensors of metabolic imbalance coordinate vessel growth. In this regard, the classical pathways of the unfolded protein response activated under conditions of ER stress have recently been described to generate angiomodulatory or angiostatic signals. This review elaborates on the link between angiogenesis and ER stress and discusses the implications for diseases characterized by altered vascular homeostasis, such as cancer, retinopathies, and atherosclerosis.

  9. Luminescence characteristics of Dy3+ activated Na 2Sr 2Mg (BO 3)2F 2: Dy 3+ phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wani, Javaid A.; Dhoble, N. S.; Dhoble, S. J.

    2012-11-01

    In this paper, we have reported a new Na 2Sr 2Mg (BO 3)2F 2:Dy 3+ thermoluminescence (TL) phosphor prepared via the wet chemical method. Prepared phosphor was characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, photoluminescence (PL), TL and scanning electronmicroscopy techniques. The scanning electronmicroscopic image of Na 2Sr 2Mg (BO 3)2F 2:Dy 3+ phosphor confirms the micron size of particles. Under the PL study, the characteristic emission spectrum of Dy 3+ corresponding to 4F 9/2→6H 15/2 (481 nm) and 4F 9/2→6H 13/2 (576 nm) transitions was observed. The TL property of the as prepared phosphor was also found to be good. TL intensity of Na 2Sr2Mg(BO 3)F 2:Dy 3+ phosphors at 0.99 kGy exposure of γ-irradiations was compared with standard CaSO 4:Dy phosphor. It was seen that TL intensity of Na 2Sr 2Mg (BO 3)2F 2: Dy 3+ phosphors is 1.1 times less compared with the standard CaSO 4:Dy TL dosimeter phosphor. The kinetic parameters are also discussed in detail. The values of activation energy E (eV) and frequency factor S (s -1) were found to be 0.57 eV and 1.25×106 s-1, respectively.

  10. A trimetallic strategy towards ZnDyCr and ZnDyCo single-ion magnets.

    PubMed

    Hu, Kong-Qiu; Jiang, Xiang; Wu, Shu-Qi; Liu, Cai-Ming; Cui, Ai-Li; Kou, Hui-Zhong

    2015-09-21

    Two cyano- and phenoxo-bridged octanuclear complexes ZnDyCo (complex ) and ZnDyCr (complex ) with diamagnetic Zn(ii) and Co(iii) are reported. Dy(iii) is surrounded by nine oxygen atoms of two [Zn(Me2valpn)] (Me2valpn(2-) = dianion of N,N'-2,2-dimethylpropylenebis(3-methoxysalicylideneimine)) and one water molecule. Magnetic studies reveal that both exhibit single-ion magnet (SIM) behavior with the energy barrier of 85.9 K for complex and 100.9 K for complex .

  11. Lanthanide dinuclear complexes constructed from mixed oxygen-donor ligands: the effect of substituent positions of the neutral ligand on the magnetic dynamics in Dy analogues.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Wen-Hua; Li, Shan; Gao, Chen; Xiong, Xia; Zhang, Yan; Liu, Li; Powell, Annie K; Gao, Song

    2016-03-21

    Two series of lanthanide dinuclear complexes with the general formulae, [Ln(n-PNO)(Bza)3(H2O)] {Bza = benzoic acid; n = 3, n-PNO = 3-picoline N-oxide, Dy(1) and Er(2); and n = 4, n-PNO = 4-picoline N-oxide, Nd(3), Eu(4), Gd(5), Tb(6), Dy(7), Er(8) and Y(9)} have been successfully synthesized by the hydrothermal method. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments illustrate that the two series of compounds possess similar carboxylic ligand-bridged dinuclear structure and coordination geometry around the lanthanide ions despite the different methyl-substituent positions on the neutral ligand. Comparative studies of the Dy analogues in the static-field measurements reveal only a little difference with a small butterfly-shaped opening for complex 1 and a close hysteresis loop for 7 at 2.0 K. However, systematic investigations of the alternating-current (ac) measurements indicate that the different substituent positions of the picoline N-oxide ligand have a significant effect on the magnetic relaxation dynamics. A more substantial suppression of the quantum tunnelling of magnetization (QTM) effect and pronounced slow magnetic relaxation were observed in complex 7 as compared to 1 under both zero and a 1 kOe static field.

  12. Search for excited superdeformed bands in {sup 151}Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Nisius, D.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Crowell, B.

    1995-08-01

    Following the first report of superdeformed (SD) bands with identical transition energies in the pairs ({sup 151}Tb*,{sup 152}Dy), ({sup 150}Gd*, {sup 151}Tb) and ({sup 153}Dy*, {sup 152}Dy) (where * denotes an excited SD band), it was proposed by Nazarewicz et al. that the observations could be understood in a strong-coupling approach if pseudo SU(3) symmetry were invoked. In this model there are three limiting values of the decoupling parameter; i.e. a = 0, {plus_minus}1. In the first two cases mentioned above the pairs of bands have nearly identical transition energies and are interpreted as proton excitations involving the [200]1/2 pseudospin orbital coupled to the {sup 152}Dy core, for which the value of the decoupling parameter is calculated to be a =+1.

  13. KCl:Dy phosphor for thermoluminescence dosimetry of ionizing radiation.

    PubMed

    Bhujbal, P M; Dhoble, S J

    2013-01-01

    The thermoluminescence (TL) characterizations of γ-irradiated KCl:Dy phosphor for radiation dosimetry are reported. All phosphors were synthesized via a wet chemical route. Minimum fading of TL intensity is recorded in the prepared material. TL in samples containing different concentrations of Dy impurity was studied at different γ-irradiation doses. Peak TL intensities varied sublinearly with γ-ray dose in all samples, but were linear between 0.08 to 0.75 kGy for the KCl:Dy (0.1 mol%) sample. This material may be useful for dosimetry within this range of γ-ray dose. TL peak height was found to be dependant on the concentration (0.05-0.5 mol%) of added Dy in the host.

  14. Trip to ER

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Xuan; Cao, Xiaofeng; Mo, Beixin; Chen, Xuemei

    2013-01-01

    miRNAs elicit gene silencing at the post-transcriptional level by several modes of action: translational repression, mRNA decay, and mRNA cleavage. Studies in animals have suggested that translational repression occurs at early steps of translation initiation, which can be followed by deadenylation and mRNA decay. Plant miRNAs were originally thought to solely participate in mRNA cleavage, but increasing evidence has indicated that they are also commonly involved in translational inhibition. Here we discuss recent findings on miRNA-mediated translational repression in plants. The identification of AMP1 in Arabidopsis as a protein required for the translational repression but not the mRNA cleavage activity of miRNAs links miRNA-based translational repression to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Future work is required to further elucidate the miRNA machinery on the ER. PMID:24100209

  15. Naltrexone ER/Bupropion ER: A Review in Obesity Management.

    PubMed

    Greig, Sarah L; Keating, Gillian M

    2015-07-01

    Oral naltrexone extended-release/bupropion extended-release (naltrexone ER/bupropion ER; Contrave(®), Mysimba(™)) is available as an adjunct to a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity in adults with an initial body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 30 kg/m(2) (i.e. obese) or a BMI of ≥ 27 kg/m(2) (i.e. overweight) in the presence of at least one bodyweight-related comorbidity, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension or dyslipidaemia. In 56-week phase III trials in these patient populations, oral naltrexone ER/bupropion ER 32/360 mg/day was significantly more effective than placebo with regard to percentage bodyweight reductions from baseline and the proportion of patients who achieved bodyweight reductions of ≥ 5 and ≥ 10%. Significantly greater improvements in several cardiometabolic risk factors were also observed with naltrexone ER/bupropion ER versus placebo, as well as greater improvements in glycated haemoglobin levels in obese or overweight adults with type 2 diabetes. Naltrexone ER/bupropion ER was generally well tolerated in phase III trials, with nausea being the most common adverse event. Thus, naltrexone ER/bupropion ER 32/360 mg/day as an adjunct to a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity, is an effective and well tolerated option for chronic bodyweight management in obese adults or overweight adults with at least one bodyweight-related comorbidity.

  16. Polytypic phase formation in DyAl3 by rapid solidification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Yan; Altounian, Z.; Muir, W. B.

    1991-01-01

    Amorphous ribbons of AlxDy100-x, 93≳x≳85, were obtained by melt spinning. During crystallization, in addition to Al, four different metastable crystalline phases of DyAl3 were observed. These phases are, in order of appearance, the high-pressure face-centered cubic phase, γ-DyAl3 and three polytypic rhombohedral phases, β-DyAl3, β'-DyAl3, and α'-DyAl3. It is the first time that the β' phase in rare-earth trialuminides and the α' phase in Dy-Al alloy system have been observed. It is shown that all these phases are associated with the polytypic packing of the hexagonal DyAl3 atomic layers. The relative stability of the phases is found to be related to the hexagonal to cubic stacking ratio in the structure.

  17. A series of dinuclear lanthanide complexes with slow magnetic relaxation for Dy2 and Ho2.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jin; Zhang, Haifeng; Chen, Yanmei; Zhang, Xiangfei; Li, Yahong; Liu, Wei; Dong, Yaping

    2016-10-18

    The employment of a new Schiff base ligand, 2-{[(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)imino]methyl}naphthalen-1-ol (H2L), in 4f-metal chemistry has led to the formation of seven new isostructural lanthanide(iii) complexes. More specifically the 1 : 1 reaction of Ln(NO3)3·6H2O and H2L in ethanol in the presence of 3 equivalents of pyridine yielded seven dinuclear complexes of compositions [Ln2L2(NO3)2(C2H5OH)2]·0.5py (Ln = Eu (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), Dy (4), Ho (5), Er (6), Yb (7); py = pyridine). The structures of the isomorphous complexes 1-7 were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. X-ray crystallography data reveal that each compound is neutral, and contains two doubly-deprotonated ligands, two chelated nitrates and two coordinated ethanol molecules. The two Ln(III) atoms in 1-7 are doubly bridged by the two phenolato oxygen atoms of two L(2-) ligands. Each of the two lanthanide ions is eight-coordinated and possesses distorted dodecahedron geometry. Dc magnetic susceptibility studies in the 2-300 K range reveal probably a weak antiferromagnetic interaction for 2, 3 and 6, and a ferromagnetic interaction at low temperature for 4 and 5. Complexes 4 and 5 show slow magnetic relaxation behavior. The Ueff for 4 of 66.7 K is a relatively high value among the reported Dy2 SMMs. Complex 5 is a very rare example of a Ho2 compound which exhibits slow magnetic relaxation.

  18. Switching the conductance of Dy nanocontacts by magnetostriction.

    PubMed

    Müller, Marc; Montbrun, Richard; Marz, Michael; Fritsch, Veronika; Sürgers, Christoph; v Löhneysen, Hilbert

    2011-02-09

    The electrical conductance G of mechanical break-junctions fabricated from the rare-earth metal dysprosium has been investigated at 4.2 K where Dy is in the ferromagnetic state. In addition to the usual variation of the conductance while breaking the wire mechanically, the conductance can be changed reproducibly by variation of the magnetic field H, due to the large magnetostriction of Dy. For a number of contacts, we observe discrete changes in G(H) in the range of several G(0) = 2e(2)/h. The behavior of G(H) and its angular dependence can be quantitatively understood by taking into account the magnetostrictive properties of Dy. This realization of a magnetostrictive few-atom switch demonstrates the possibility of reproducibly tuning the conductance of magnetic nanocontacts by a magnetic field.

  19. Dy-Free Nd-Fe-B Based Permanent Magnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pathak, Arjun; Khan, Mahmud; Gschneidner, Karl, Jr.; McCallum, Ralph; Pecharsky, Vitalij

    2015-03-01

    Nd2Fe14B based permanent magnets are the current state of the art for high performance magnets. The prototype crystallize in the P42 / mnm tetragonal crystal structure, where the Nd atoms occupy the 4f and 4gsites, Fe atoms occupy six different atomic sites (16k1, 16k2, 8j1, 8j2, 4e, 4c), and B occupies only the 4g site. The leading contribution to the magnetocrystalline anisotropy in Nd2Fe14B energy comes from the Nd ions, which strongly prefer a c-axis alignment at ambient temperature. Nd2Fe14B permanent magnet has excellent magnetic properties at room temperature but has poor high temperature properties (T>400 K). A small amount of Dy (up to 10%) is substituted for Nd in Nd2Fe14B to increase the high temperature performance. Although Dy containing Nd2Fe14B magnets are desired for high temperature applications, the high price and limited supply of Dy urges the development of Dy-free permanent magnets. Here, we discuss the magnetic properties of several Dy-free Nd-Fe-B based nanostructured magnets and propose alternatives for Dy-based Nd2Fe14B permanent magnets for high temperature applications such as electric drive motors and wind turbines. This work was supported by the U.S.DOE, ARPA-E, Rare Earth Alternatives in Critical Technologies for Energy (REACT). The research was performed at the Ames Laboratory which is operated for the U.S. DOE by Iowa State University under contract #DE-AC02-07CH11358.

  20. 26 CFR 48.6715-1 - Penalty for misuse of dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Penalty for misuse of dyed fuel. 48.6715-1... of Special Application to Retailers and Manufacturers Taxes § 48.6715-1 Penalty for misuse of dyed... of any dye or marking done pursuant to § 48.4082-1 in any dyed fuel, then section 6715(a)(3)...

  1. 26 CFR 48.6715-1 - Penalty for misuse of dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Penalty for misuse of dyed fuel. 48.6715-1... of Special Application to Retailers and Manufacturers Taxes § 48.6715-1 Penalty for misuse of dyed... of any dye or marking done pursuant to § 48.4082-1 in any dyed fuel, then section 6715(a)(3)...

  2. 26 CFR 48.6715-1 - Penalty for misuse of dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Penalty for misuse of dyed fuel. 48.6715-1... of Special Application to Retailers and Manufacturers Taxes § 48.6715-1 Penalty for misuse of dyed... of any dye or marking done pursuant to § 48.4082-1 in any dyed fuel, then section 6715(a)(3)...

  3. 26 CFR 48.6715-1 - Penalty for misuse of dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Penalty for misuse of dyed fuel. 48.6715-1... of Special Application to Retailers and Manufacturers Taxes § 48.6715-1 Penalty for misuse of dyed... of any dye or marking done pursuant to § 48.4082-1 in any dyed fuel, then section 6715(a)(3)...

  4. Lifetimes and electromagnetic transition strength in 157Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gladnishki, K. A.; Petkov, P.; Dewald, A.; Jolie, J.; Möller, O.; Saha, B.; Fitzler, A.; Jessen, K.; Tonev, D.; Klug, T.; Heinze, S.; von Brentano, P.; Rainovski, G.; Trichkova, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Ur, C. A.; Farnea, E.; Axiotis, M.; Lunardi, S.; de Angelis, G.; Napoli, D. R.; Marginean, N.; Martinez, T.; Caprio, M. A.

    2016-06-01

    Excited states in 157Dy have been studied by γ-γ coincidence measurements via the reaction 124Sn(36S,3n) at a beam energy of 155MeV. Lifetimes of the relatively lower-spin states in 157Dy were measured by means of the Recoil Distance Dopplershift technique in the coincidence mode. The experiment was performed at the Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro with the GASP array and the Cologne plunger device. With the same setup a Doppler- shift attenuation (DSA) lifetime measurement was performed for the higher spin states. The Differential decay-curve method was applied for the lifetime determination.

  5. Low temperature magnetic properties of DyPdBi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mukhopadhyay, A.; Chowki, S.; Mohapatra, N.

    2016-05-01

    We report the results of dc magnetization measurements in the ternary half -Heuslar alloy, DyPdBi which crystallizes in a non centrosymmetric MgAgAs type fcc structure. DyPdBi undergoes a long range antiferromagnetic type ordering below 4.0 K as inferred from the temperature dependence of dc magnetic susceptibility. Another noteworthy observation is the field induced metamagnetic transition below TN, further suggestes that the order-order field induced transition as a first order phase transition.

  6. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) study of CaSO 4:Dy phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhattacharyya, D.; Bakshi, A. K.; Ciatto, G.; Aquilanti, G.; Pradhan, A. S.; Pascarelli, S.

    2006-03-01

    Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements have been carried out on CaSO 4:Dy phosphors at the Dy L 3 edge with synchrotron radiation. The data have been analysed to find out the Dy-S and Dy-O bond lengths in the neighborhood of the Dy atoms. Measurements have been carried out over several samples thermally annealed for different cycles at 400 °C in air for 1 h and the change in bond lengths in samples with increasing number of annealing cycles have been studied by analyzing the EXAFS data.

  7. Crystal structure and Mössbauer studies of the isotypic Fe{sub 6}-cluster compounds RE{sub 15}[Fe{sub 8}C{sub 25}], RE=Dy, Ho

    SciTech Connect

    Davaasuren, Bambar; Dashjav, Enkhtsetseg; Kreiner, Guido; Borrmann, Horst; Weber, Sven-Ulf; Becker, Klaus-Dieter; Jochen Litterst, Fred; Kniep, Rüdiger

    2015-05-15

    The carboferrates RE{sub 15}[Fe{sub 8}C{sub 25}] (RE=Dy, Ho) were prepared from mixtures of the elements by arc-melting followed with subsequent annealing at 1373 K. The crystal structures were determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data and revealed an isotypic relationship to Er{sub 15}[Fe{sub 8}C{sub 25}] (hP48, P321). The main feature of the crystal structure is given by Fe{sub 6} cluster units characterized by covalent Fe–Fe bonding interactions. {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectra of Dy{sub 15}[Fe{sub 8}C{sub 25}] were fitted by three subspectra with relative spectral weights of about 3:3:2 which is in general agreement with the crystal structure. Below 50 K, an onset of magnetic hyperfine fields at the three iron sites is observed which is supposed to be caused by dipolar fields arising from neighboring, slowly relaxing Dy magnetic moments. - Graphical abstract: Fe{sub 6}-cluster in the crystal structure of RE{sub 15}[Fe{sub 8}C{sub 25}], RE=Dy, Ho. - Highlights: • New carboferrates RE{sub 15}[Fe{sub 8}C{sub 25}] with RE=Dy, Ho have been synthesized. • The crystal structures were refined using single crystal X-ray data. • An orientational relationship between Fe{sub 6}-clusters and Fe in γ-Fe is outlined. • {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectra are in agreement with structural data from X-rays. • Magnetic hyperfine fields below 50 K are explained by dipolar fields from Dy atoms.

  8. Mueller matrix ellipsometry studies of the optical phonons and crystal field excitations in multiferroic orthoferrites RFeO3 (R=Tb,Dy)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinez, V. A.; Stanislavchuk, T. N.; Sirenko, A. A.; Litvinchuk, A. P.; Wang, Yazhong; Cheong, S. W.

    Optical properties of multiferroic orthoferrites RFeO3 (R=Tb,Dy) bulk crystals have been studied in the far-infrared range from 50 to 1000 cm-1 and temperatures from 7 K to 300 K. Mueller matrix and rotating analyzer ellipsometry measurements were carried out at the U4IR beamline of the National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Lab. Optical phonon spectra and crystal field excitations were measured for all three orthorhombic axes of RFeO3. In the experimental temperature dependencies of the phonon frequencies we found non-Grüneisen behavior caused by the electron-phonon and spin-phonon interactions. We determined the symmetries and selection rules for the crystal field transitions in Tb3+ and Dy3+ ions. Magnetic field dependencies of the optical spectra allowed us to determine anisotropy of the crystal field g-factors for Tb3+ and Dy3+ ions. This Project is supported by collaborative DOE Grant DE-FG02-07ER46382 between Rutgers U. and NJIT. Use of NSLS-BNL was supported by DOE DE-AC02-98CH10886. V.A. Martinez was supported by NEU NSF-1343716.

  9. Using polyvinyl chloride dyed with bromocresol purple in radiation dosimetry.

    PubMed

    Kattan, Munzer; al Kassiri, Haroun; Daher, Yarob

    2011-02-01

    Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) dyed with bromocresol purple was investigated as a high-dose radiation dosimeter. The absorbance at 417 nm depends linearly on the dose below 50 kGy. The response depends neither on dose rate nor on the irradiation temperature. The effects of post-irradiation storage in the dark and in indirect sunlight are also discussed.

  10. Studies of normal deformation in {sup 151}Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Nisius, D.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Crowell, B.

    1995-08-01

    The wealth of data collected in the study of superdeformation in {sup 151}Dy allowed for new information to be obtained on the normally deformed structures in this nucleus. At high spin several new yrast states have been identified for the first time. They were associated with single-particle excitations. Surprisingly, a sequence was identified with energy spacings characteristic of a rotational band of normal ({beta}2 {approximately} 0.2) deformation. The bandhead spin appears to be 15/2{sup -} and the levels extend up to a spin of 87/2{sup -}. A clear backbend is present at intermediate spins. While a similar band based on a bandhead of 6{sup +} is known in {sup 152}Dy, calculations suggest that this collective prolate band should not be seen in {sup 151}Dy. In the experiment described earlier in this report that is aimed at determining the deformations associated with the SD bands in this nucleus and {sup 152}Dy, the deformation associated with this band will be determined. This will provide further insight into the origin of this band.

  11. Magnetic Behavior of a Dy8 Molecular Nanomagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Qing; Sarachik, Myriam; Baker, Michael; Chen, Yizhang; Kent, Andrew; Stamatatos, Theocharis

    2015-03-01

    As part of a study of quantum tunneling in a newly synthesized family of dysprosium-based molecular magnets that exhibit a chiral spin structure, we report initial investigations of the magnetic response of a Dy8 cluster with the formula (Et4N)4[Dy8O(nd)8(NO3)10(H2O)2] .2MeCN. The molecular complex contains triangular arrangements of exchange coupled Dy(III) ions. The compound forms an approximate snub-square Archimedean lattice unit. The measured magnetization of this network of four triangles suggests the presence of multiple spin chiral vortexes. Single crystal susceptibility and magnetization measurements indicate the presence of a hard-axis direction and an easy plane. These principal orientations have been investigated in magnetic fields up to 5 Tesla for temperatures between 1.8 and 100 K using a SQUID-based Quantum Design MPMS magnetometer. Complex easy plane magnetic hysteresis loops emerge at lower temperatures measured using Hall probe magnetometry at sub 1 K temperatures. The analysis of these measurements will be discussed and compared with results of theoretical calculations. Work supported by ARO W911NF-13-1-1025 (CCNY), NSF-DMR-1309202 (NYU); the synthesis of the Dy8 cluster was supported by NSERC (Discovery grant to Th.C.S.).

  12. LOFTrelated semiscale test scene. Water has been dyed red. Hot ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    LOFT-related semiscale test scene. Water has been dyed red. Hot steam blowdown exits semiscale at TAN-609 at A&M complex. Edge of building is along left edge of view. Date: 1971. INEEL negative no. 71-376 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  13. Influence of Dy content on the structure and giant magnetoresistance of Dy x(Co 40Ag 60) 100- x granular films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gang, Cheng; Xiaofei, Wu; Wei, Chen; Shengdong, Geng; Lin, Li; Zhengfei, Gu

    2012-01-01

    Dyx(Co40Ag60)100-x (x = 0, 0.7, 1.4, 2.1, 2.8, 3.5) granular films have been prepared by DC magneto controlled sputtering method. The XRD data indicated that Dy element restrained the (1 1 1) plane preferential orientation. Magnetic measurements indicated that the average size of magnetic particles increased with the increasing in Dy content. For relatively low addition Dy to CoAg granular films, Dy element can enhance GMR value as a maximum value of the GMR value ∼-18.1% at x = 0.7.

  14. Sonochemical synthesis of Dy2(CO3)3 nanoparticles, Dy(OH)3 nanotubes and their conversion to Dy2O3 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Salavati-Niasari, Masoud; Javidi, Jaber; Davar, Fatemeh

    2010-06-01

    Dysprosium carbonates nanoparticles were synthesized by the reaction of dysprosium acetate and NaHCO(3) by a sonochemical method. Dysprosium oxide nanoparticles with average size about 17 nm were prepared from calcination of Dy(2)(CO(3))(3).1.7H(2)O nanoparticles. Dy(OH)(3) nanotubes were synthesized by sonication of Dy(OAC)(3).6H(2)O and N(2)H(4). The as-synthesized nanostructures were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Photoluminescence measurement shows that the nanoparticles have two emission peaks around 17,540 cm(-1) and 20,700 cm(-1), which should come from the electron transition from (4)F(9)(/)(2)-->(6)H(15)(/)(2) levels and (4)F(9)(/)(2)-->(6)H(13)(/)(2) levels, respectively. The effect of calcination temperature and sonication time was investigated on the morphology and particle size of the products. The sizes could be controlled by the feeding rate of the precipitating agent (NaHCO(3) and N(2)H(4)) and slower feeding rate lead to smaller nanoparticles.

  15. [Optical parameters of Er3+ in Er3+ : YVO4].

    PubMed

    Chen, Ying; Chen, Xiao-bo; Chen, Luan; Liu, Da-he; Song, Zeng-fu; Li, Yong-liang; Li, Song; Zeng, Yong-zhi; Wu, Zheng-long; Zhang, Chun-lin; Wang, Ya-fei; Guo, Jing-hua

    2010-07-01

    In the present paper the authors firstly measured the absorption spectra of Er3+ in the sample Er3+ : YVO4 (0.5%), then calculated the intensity parameters are calculated by using the Judd-Ofelt theory. After that the authors dealed with some predicted spectroscopic parameters, such as the oscillator strength, spontaneous radiative transition rate, branching ratio and integrated emission cross section. And Er : YVO4 crystal application value has been analyzed with the optical parameters. Especially there are large oscillator strengths and large integrated emission cross sections in the transitions of 4 I1/2 --> 4 I15/2, 2 H11/2 --> 4I15/2, 4S3/2 --> 4 I15/2, and 4F9/2 --> 4 I15/2. So, they are more worth of attention. Moreover, by comparing the Er-doped yttrium vanadate crystal and other Er-doped crystal optical properties, the authors can see the advantages of YVO4 as laser crystal. Finally, the authors discussed the splitting of the energy levels of Er3+ in the crystal YVO4 based on the group theory.

  16. Studies of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) monolayers embedded with endohedral metallofullerene (Dy@C82).

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhining; Li, Xiaofang; Yang, Shihe

    2009-11-17

    Toxicological effects of carbon nanomaterials have attracted increasing attention. In this work, we studied the interaction between Dy@C(82) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) in a monolayer at the N(2)/Tris buffer interface by thermodynamic analysis of surface pressure-area (pi-A) and surface potential-area (DeltaV-A) isotherms. Dy@C(82) was found to impact considerably more on the physical properties of the monolayers than C(60) because of its elliptical structure and distinctive dipole. The addition of Dy@C(82) essentially closed down the liquid expanded-liquid condensed (LE-LC) phase coexistence region of the mixed monolayers. Furthermore, Dy@C(82) reduced elasticity of the monolayers, as indicated by the decreasing elastic modulus (C(s)(-1)) with increasing molar ratio of Dy@C(82) (X(Dy@C82)). Brewster angle microscopy (BAM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed that the dispersion of Dy@C(82) depend on the state of the mixed films. Dy@C(82) formed flocs from aggregation of Dy@C(82) towers in the LE and LE-LC coexistence regions, accompanied by gradual falling down of Dy@C(82) from the towers and permeation of the falling metallofullerenes into the LE phase during their compression-induced reorientation process. In the LC and solid phases, the Dy@C(82) flocs were dispersed into isolated towers, accompanied by the partial squeezing out of the embedded metallofullerenes to above the DPPC monolayer. The continuous falling down of Dy@C(82) from the towers resulted in their height decrease but diameter enlargement. When the surface pressure was increased to the kink value (53 mN/m), Dy@C(82) was almost completely extruded from the DPPC monolayers. These findings are believed to be important for understanding the impact of fullerenes, metallofullerenes, and nanomaterials in general on biological membranes.

  17. Magnetic properties of Dy2Ti2O7

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1973-01-01

    Measurements were made of the magnetization, differential magnetic susceptibility, and magnetic entropy of powered samples of Dy2Ti2O7. The saturation magnetic moment is 4.7 + or - 0.2 Bohr magnetons per Dy ion, instead of 10 as predicted by Hund's rules. A temperature-independent magnetization is observed in the saturation region. Absolute values of magnetic entropy have been obtained for temperatures from 1.25 to 20 K, in applied fields up to 10.4 tesla. The magnetic entropy approaches a maximum value consistent with a ground-state multiplicity of 2. Low field magnetization and differential susceptibility data show a transition to antiferromagnetism near 1.35 K. A construction of the magnetic specific heat from the zero field entropy shows an anomaly near the same temperature.

  18. High-field magnetization of Dy2O3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1974-01-01

    The magnetization of powdered samples of Dy2O3 has been measured at temperatures between 1.45 and 4.2 K, in applied magnetic fields ranging to 70 kilogauss. A linear dependence of magnetization on applied field is observable in the high-field region, the slope of which is independent of temperature over the range investigated. The extrapolated saturation magnetic moment is about 2.77 Bohr magnetons per ion.

  19. High-field magnetization of Dy2O3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1974-01-01

    The magnetization of powdered samples of Dy2O3 has been measured at temperatures between 1.45 deg and 4.2 K, in applied magnetic fields ranging to 7 Teslas. A linear dependence of magnetization on applied field is observable in high field region, the slope of which is independent of temperature over the range investigated. The extrapolated saturation magnetic moment is 2.77 + or - 0.08 Bohr magnetons per ion.

  20. Magnetoelectricity of single molecular toroics: The Dy4 ring cluster

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Popov, A. I.; Plokhov, D. I.; Zvezdin, A. K.

    2016-11-01

    Spin-electric interactions and magnetic and magnetoelectric properties of the Dy4 ring molecular nanocluster are investigated. The effective spin-electric Hamiltonian is derived on a base of developed quantum mechanical model of the cluster spin structure. It is shown that the toroidal moment is a source of the quantum magnetoelectric effect. The dynamics of the toroidal moment (macroscopic quantum tunneling) is also discussed.

  1. Photographic copy of plan of new Dy horizontal station and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photographic copy of plan of new Dy horizontal station and accumulator additions to Test Stand "D," also showing existing Dd test station. JPL drawing by VTN Consolidated, Inc. Engineers, Architects, Planners, 2301 Campus Drive, Irvine, California 92664: "Jet Propulsion Laboratory-Edwards Test Station, Motive Steam Supply & Ejector Pumping System: Plan - Test Stand "D," sheet M-3 (JPL sheet number E24/33), 21 December 1976 - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Test Stand D, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  2. DY Herculis and the Dwarf Cepheid P-L Relation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joner, M. D.; Laney, C. D.

    2002-12-01

    We present new VJK photometry and echelle radial velocity measurements for the High-Amplitude Delta Scuti star (HADS, dwarf Cepheid) DY Herculis. These data are used to determine a BW radius for the star. This technique is successful and when the results are combined with results for other stars in our sample, the PR and PL relations appear to be extensions of the relations for classical Cepheids. This supports the 'long' distance scale hypothesis.

  3. The Effectiveness of Core ER Principles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeon, Eun-Young; Day, Richard R.

    2015-01-01

    This discussion piece continues the discussion forum on extensive reading (ER) from the April 2015 issue of "Reading in a Foreign Language." In that forum, a number of the discussions were concerned with the principles of ER (Day & Bamford, 2002) in implementing ER. Our discussion also concerns the principles; we examine ER programs…

  4. Population of collective bands in Dy isotopes using heavy ion induced transfer reactions

    SciTech Connect

    Cresswell, A.J.; Butler, P.A.; Cline, D.; Cunningham, R.A.; Devlin, M.; Hannachi, F.; Ibbotson, R.; Jones, G.D.; Jones, P.M.; Simon, M.; Simpson, J.; Smith, J.F.; Wu, C.Y. ||

    1995-10-01

    It is demonstrated that low-lying collective bands in deformed nuclei are strongly populated by quasielastic heavy ion transfer reactions at near barrier energies. The {sup 161}Dy({sup 61}Ni,{sup 62}Ni){sup 160}Dy and {sup 161}Dy({sup 61}Ni,{sup 60}Ni){sup 162}Dy reactions at a beam energy of 270 MeV have been studied using a particle-{gamma} technique. Significant population of sidebands in {sup 160}Dy was observed, particularly the {ital S} band built upon the [{nu}({ital i}{sub 13/2})]{sup 2} configuration and the {ital K}{sup {pi}}=1{sup {minus}}, 2{sup {minus}}, and {gamma} bands. For {sup 162}Dy the only sideband significantly populated was the {gamma} band.

  5. Effect of Ligand Substitution around the Dy(III) on the SMM Properties of Dual-Luminescent Zn-Dy and Zn-Dy-Zn Complexes with Large Anisotropy Energy Barriers: A Combined Theoretical and Experimental Magnetostructural Study.

    PubMed

    Costes, Jean Pierre; Titos-Padilla, Silvia; Oyarzabal, Itziar; Gupta, Tulika; Duhayon, Carine; Rajaraman, Gopalan; Colacio, Enrique

    2016-05-02

    The new dinuclear Zn(II)-Dy(III) and trinuclear Zn(II)-Dy(III)-Zn(II) complexes of formula [(LZnBrDy(ovan) (NO3)(H2O)](H2O)·0.5(MeOH) (1) and [(L(1)ZnBr)2Dy(MeOH)2](ClO4) (3) (L and L(1) are the dideprotonated forms of the N,N'-2,2-dimethylpropylenedi(3-methoxysalicylideneiminato and 2-{(E)-[(3-{[(2E,3E)-3-(hydroxyimino)butan-2-ylidene ]amino}-2,2-dimethylpropyl)imino]methyl}-6-methoxyphenol Schiff base compartmental ligands, respectively) have been prepared and magnetostructurally characterized. The X-ray structure of 1 indicates that the Dy(III) ion exhibits a DyO9 coordination sphere, which is made from four O atoms coming from the compartmental ligand (two methoxy terminal groups and two phenoxido bridging groups connecting Zn(II) and Dy(III) ions), other four atoms belonging to the chelating nitrato and ovanillin ligands, and the last one coming to the coordinated water molecule. The structure of 3 shows the central Dy(III) ion surrounded by two L(1)Zn units, so that the Dy(III) and Zn(II) ions are linked by phenoxido/oximato bridging groups. The Dy ion is eight-coordinated by the six O atoms afforded by two L(1) ligands and two O atoms coming from two methanol molecules. Alternating current (AC) dynamic magnetic measurements of 1, 3, and the previously reported dinuclear [LZnClDy(thd)2] (2) complex (where thd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato ligand) indicate single molecule magnet (SMM) behavior for all these complexes with large thermal energy barriers for the reversal of the magnetization and butterfly-shaped hysteresis loops at 2 K. Ab initio calculations on 1-3 show a pure Ising ground state for all of them, which induces almost completely suppressed quantum tunnelling magnetization (QTM), and thermally assisted quantum tunnelling magnetization (TA-QTM) relaxations via the first excited Kramers doublet, leading to large energy barriers, thus supporting the observation of SMM behavior. The comparison between the experimental and theoretical

  6. A structural and functional perspective of DyP-type peroxidase family.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Toru; Sugano, Yasushi

    2015-05-15

    Dye-decolorizing peroxidase from the basidiomycete Bjerkandera adusta Dec 1 (DyP) is a heme peroxidase. This name reflects its ability to degrade several anthraquinone dyes. The substrate specificity, the amino acid sequence, and the tertiary structure of DyP are different from those of the other heme peroxidase (super)families. Therefore, many proteins showing the similar amino acid sequences to that of DyP are called DyP-type peroxidase which is a new family of heme peroxidase identified in 2007. In fact, all structures of this family show a similar structure fold. However, this family includes many proteins whose amino acid sequence identity to DyP is lower than 15% and/or whose catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) is a few orders of magnitude less than that of DyP. A protein showing an activity different from peroxidase activity (dechelatase activity) has been also reported. In addition, the precise physiological roles of DyP-type peroxidases are unknown. These facts raise a question of whether calling this family DyP-type peroxidase is suitable. Here, we review the differences and similarities of structure and function among this family and propose the reasonable new classification of DyP-type peroxidase family, that is, class P, I and V. In this contribution, we discuss the adequacy of this family name.

  7. Dy substitution effect on the temperature dependences of magnetostriction in Pr1-x Dy x Fe1.9 alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Yan-Mei; Huang, Hai-Fu; Tang, Shao-Long; Du, You-Wei

    2016-11-01

    The temperature dependences of magnetostriction in Pr1-x Dy x Fe1.9 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) alloys between 5 K and 300 K were investigated. An unusual decrease of magnetostriction with temperature decreasing was found in Pr-rich alloys (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2), due to the change of the easy magnetization direction (EMD). Dy substitution reduces the magnetostriction in high-magnetic field (10 kOe ≤ H ≤ 90 kOe) at 5 K, while a small amount of Dy substitution (x = 0.05) is beneficial to increasing the magnetostriction in low-magnetic field between 10 K and 50 K. This makes the alloys a potential candidate for low temperature applications. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1232210), the Science Foundation of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China (Grant No. 2015GXNSFBA139020), and the Enhancement of the Basic Ability of Teachers of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China (Grant No. KY2016YB068).

  8. Identification and molecular characterization of a novel DyP-type peroxidase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PKE117.

    PubMed

    Li, Jing; Liu, Chen; Li, Baozhen; Yuan, Hongli; Yang, Jinshui; Zheng, Beiwen

    2012-02-01

    A new DyP-type peroxidase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PKE117 was identified and characterized. The dypPa was first identified via sequence analysis and then cloned in Escherichia coli. Subsequently, the recombinant protein DyPPa was expressed and purified. Its DNA sequence analysis revealed an open reading frame of 897 bp, encoding a protein monomer of 299 amino acid residues with isoelectric point 4.62. According to SDS-PAGE analysis and FPLC result, DyPPa mainly existed as homodimer (64 kDa). DyPPa displayed typical heme absorbance of Soret band, with an Rz value of 1.18. Inductively coupled plasma-atomic absorption spectrum data also indicated DyPPa contained iron. Multiple amino acid sequence alignment of DyPPa with other members of the DyP-type peroxidases family showed the presence of conserved D139, H210, and R227 amino acids and GXXDG motifs, which were commonly shared by the DyP-type peroxidase family. Although the primary structure homology between DyPPa and other family members was very low, their secondary and tertiary structure displayed high homology, which explained the high decolorizing activity of DyPPa. Specifically, DyPPa displayed a good thermal stability and maximal activity on Reactive blue 5 under pH 3.5. Therefore, it was proposed that DyPPa, with a wide range of substrate specificity, was a novel member of the DyP-type peroxidases family.

  9. The ER Stress Surveillance (ERSU) pathway regulates daughter cell ER protein aggregate inheritance.

    PubMed

    Piña, Francisco J; Niwa, Maho

    2015-09-01

    Stress induced by cytoplasmic protein aggregates can have deleterious consequences for the cell, contributing to neurodegeneration and other diseases. Protein aggregates are also formed within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), although the fate of ER protein aggregates, specifically during cell division, is not well understood. By simultaneous visualization of both the ER itself and ER protein aggregates, we found that ER protein aggregates that induce ER stress are retained in the mother cell by activation of the ER Stress Surveillance (ERSU) pathway, which prevents inheritance of stressed ER. In contrast, under conditions of normal ER inheritance, ER protein aggregates can enter the daughter cell. Thus, whereas cytoplasmic protein aggregates are retained in the mother cell to protect the functional capacity of daughter cells, the fate of ER protein aggregates is determined by whether or not they activate the ERSU pathway to impede transmission of the cortical ER during the cell cycle.

  10. The hydrogenation of Dy{sub 5}Pd{sub 2} followed by in situ methods

    SciTech Connect

    Kohlmann, H.; Talik, E.; Hansen, T.C.

    2012-03-15

    The hydrogenation behavior of the intermetallic compound Dy{sub 5}Pd{sub 2} was investigated by means of ex situ X-ray powder diffraction, in situ neutron powder diffraction and in situ differential scanning calorimetry. The structural model of Dy{sub 5}Pd{sub 2} with a palladium atom at the 32(e) position x, x, x (x Almost-Equal-To 0.22, 7/8 occupation) and a dysprosium atom at almost the same location (x Almost-Equal-To 0.18, 1/8 occupation) is confirmed. Upon heating the latter approaches x(Pd) and at T=399 K both positional parameters are indistinguishable. Dy{sub 5}Pd{sub 2} does not incorporate hydrogen (deuterium) into its crystal structure, however, starting at T=495 K reacts with hydrogen to non stoichiometric dysprosium dideuteride, DyD{sub 2+x}, following a parabolic rate law. In situ differential scanning calorimetry at various hydrogen pressures up to 2.5 MPa shows strongly exothermic signals, whose temperature onset depend on the gas pressure, corresponding to the formation of a mainly ionic hydride (DyH{sub 2+x}). - Graphical abstract: The hydrogenation of Dy5Pd2 is being followed by in situ neutron diffraction. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dy5Pd2 does not form a ternary hydride upon hydrogenation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dy5Pd2 decomposes to binary hydrides of dysprosium and palladium. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer At T{>=}399 K Dy3 and Pd in the crystal structure of Dy5Pd2 share the same position. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The formation of DyD2+x at T=495 K and p(D2)=2.5 MPa follows a parabolic rate law.

  11. Spectroscopic properties of Dy(3+) doped ZnO for white luminescence applications.

    PubMed

    Amira, Guesmi; Chaker, Bouzidi; Habib, Elhouichet

    2017-04-15

    Undoped and Dy(3+) (0.25, 0.5, 0.8 and 1.5at.%) doped ZnO were elaborated by solid-state reaction method. The ZnO:Dy(3+) samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL). The XRD analysis confirms the wurtzite structure of ZnO. A slight shift to lower angles, of the (101) peak, is seen with Dy(3+) content, indicating the substitution of these ions into the ZnO lattice. Raman study indicates the good crystallinity of all ZnO:Dy(3+) samples and confirms the substitution of Zn(2+) by Dy(3+). The band gap energy was found to increase then decrease with Dy content. The PL excitation spectra (PLE) of Dy(3+) showed six excitation bands with hypersensitive at 346nm ((6)H15/2→(6)P7/2). PL spectra show principally three emission bands relatives to (4)F9/2→(6)H15/2 (476nm), (4)F9/2→(6)H13/2 (567nm) and (4)F9/2→(6)H11/2 (658nm) transitions. The concentration dependency of PL intensity indicates a quenching for Dy(3+) concentration above 0.5at.%. The PL lifetime of (4)F9/2 metastable state was measured and discussed for all Dy content in ZnO. The temperature dependency of PL intensity is investigated for ZnO:Dy (0.5%) sample and the activation energy is determined. The CIE chromaticity color coordinate shows that ZnO:Dy(3+) can be useful for white luminescence applications.

  12. Spectroscopic properties of Dy3 + doped ZnO for white luminescence applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amira, Guesmi; Chaker, Bouzidi; Habib, Elhouichet

    2017-04-01

    Undoped and Dy3 + (0.25, 0.5, 0.8 and 1.5 at.%) doped ZnO were elaborated by solid-state reaction method. The ZnO:Dy3 + samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL). The XRD analysis confirms the wurtzite structure of ZnO. A slight shift to lower angles, of the (101) peak, is seen with Dy3 + content, indicating the substitution of these ions into the ZnO lattice. Raman study indicates the good crystallinity of all ZnO:Dy3 + samples and confirms the substitution of Zn2 + by Dy3 +. The band gap energy was found to increase then decrease with Dy content. The PL excitation spectra (PLE) of Dy3 + showed six excitation bands with hypersensitive at 346 nm (6H15/2 → 6P7/2). PL spectra show principally three emission bands relatives to 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 (476 nm), 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 (567 nm) and 4F9/2 → 6H11/2 (658 nm) transitions. The concentration dependency of PL intensity indicates a quenching for Dy3 + concentration above 0.5 at.%. The PL lifetime of 4F9/2 metastable state was measured and discussed for all Dy content in ZnO. The temperature dependency of PL intensity is investigated for ZnO:Dy (0.5%) sample and the activation energy is determined. The CIE chromaticity color coordinate shows that ZnO:Dy3 + can be useful for white luminescence applications.

  13. Ames ER-2 ozone measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pearson, R., Jr.; Vedder, James F.; Starr, W. L.

    1990-01-01

    The objective of this research is to study ozone (O3) in the stratosphere. Measurements of the ozone mixing ratio at 1 s intervals are obtained with an ultraviolet photometer which flies on the ER-2 aircraft. The photometer determines the amount of ozone in air by measuring the transmission of ultraviolet light through a fixed path with and without ambient O3 present.

  14. ERS-1 SAR data processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leung, K.; Bicknell, T.; Vines, K.

    1986-01-01

    To take full advantage of the synthetic aperature radar (SAR) to be flown on board the European Space Agency's Remote Sensing Satellite (ERS-1) (1989) and the Canadian Radarsat (1990), the implementation of a receiving station in Alaska is being studied to gather and process SAR data pertaining in particular to regions within the station's range of reception. The current SAR data processing requirement is estimated to be on the order of 5 minutes per day. The Interim Digital Sar Processor (IDP) which was under continual development through Seasat (1978) and SIR-B (1984) can process slightly more than 2 minutes of ERS-1 data per day. On the other hand, the Advanced Digital SAR Processore (ADSP), currently under development for the Shuttle Imaging Radar C (SIR-C, 1988) and the Venus Radar Mapper, (VMR, 1988), is capable of processing ERS-1 SAR data at a real time rate. To better suit the anticipated ERS-1 SAR data processing requirement, both a modified IDP and an ADSP derivative are being examined. For the modified IDP, a pipelined architecture is proposed for the mini-computer plus array processor arrangement to improve throughout. For the ADSP derivative, a simplified version is proposed to enhance ease of implementation and maintainability while maintaing real time throughput rates. These processing systems are discussed and evaluated.

  15. 26 CFR 48.4082-1T - Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed...; exemption for dyed fuel (temporary). (a) through (c) . For further guidance, see § 48.4082-1(a) through (c). (d) Time and method for adding dye—(1) In general. Except as provided by paragraph (d)(6) of...

  16. 26 CFR 48.4082-1 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed..., Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Taxable Fuel § 48.4082-1 Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed... kerosene satisfies the dyeing and marking requirements of paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of this section....

  17. 26 CFR 48.4082-1 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed..., Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Taxable Fuel § 48.4082-1 Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed... kerosene satisfies the dyeing and marking requirements of paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of this section....

  18. 26 CFR 48.4082-1T - Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed...; exemption for dyed fuel (temporary). (a) through (c) . For further guidance, see § 48.4082-1(a) through (c). (d) Time and method for adding dye—(1) In general. Except as provided by paragraph (d)(6) of...

  19. 26 CFR 48.4082-1 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed..., Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Taxable Fuel § 48.4082-1 Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed... kerosene satisfies the dyeing and marking requirements of paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of this section....

  20. 26 CFR 48.4082-1 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed..., Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Taxable Fuel § 48.4082-1 Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed... kerosene satisfies the dyeing and marking requirements of paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of this section....

  1. 26 CFR 48.4082-1T - Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed fuel (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Diesel fuel and kerosene; exemption for dyed...; exemption for dyed fuel (temporary). (a) through (c) . For further guidance, see § 48.4082-1(a) through (c). (d) Time and method for adding dye—(1) In general. Except as provided by paragraph (d)(6) of...

  2. Coercivity enhancement of Nd-Fe-B thin film magnets by Dy buffer and capping layers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    You, C. Y.; Wang, J. W.; Lu, Z. X.

    2012-04-01

    The Dy layer was inserted into the structure of SiO2/Ti/Nd-Fe-B/Ti as the buffer or capping layer of the Nd-Fe-B layer. The insertions of Dy layers had no significant influence on the film texture with the easy axis mainly perpendicular to the film plane. The film without Dy layer gave the out-of-plane coercivity of 533 kA/m, maximum magnetic energy product (BH)max of 245 kJ/m3. With a Dy buffer layer, the out-of-plane coercivity and (BH)max were increased to 1074 kA/m, 291 kJ/m3 respectively. The film with Dy capping layer had a coercivity of 1035 kA/m and (BH)max of 286 kJ/m3. Microstructure observations showed that the Nd-rich phases were evolved into grain boundaries from triple junctions by a Dy buffer layer deposition, resulting in a well magnetic decoupling of Nd2Fe14B neighboring grains. Through capping a Dy layer, the environment of grain boundaries had been improved and some Dy diffused into Nd2Fe14B phases, which contributed to the enhancement of magnetic performance.

  3. Evaluation of the exchange interaction and crystal fields in a prototype Dy2 SMM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Qing; Sarachik, Myriam; Baker, Michael; Chen, Yizhang; Kent, Andrew; Pineda, Eufemio; McInnes, Eric

    In order to gain an understanding of the INS and magnetization data obtained for Dy2, the simplest member of a newly synthesized family of dysprosium-based molecular magnets, we report on calculations of the magnetic behavior of a Dy2 cluster with the formula [hqH2][Dy2(hq)4(NO3)3].MeOH. The molecular complex contains one high symmetry Dy(III) ion and one low symmetry Dy(III) ion. Our calculations suggest that exchange coupling between the two ions controls the behavior of the magnetization at low temperature, while the crystal field of the low symmetry Dy(III) ion controls the behavior at higher temperature. A point charge electrostatic model, based on crystallographic coordinates, provides a starting point for the determination of the crystal field. Parameters in these calculations are adjusted to provide best fits to inelastic neutron scattering data (INS) and low temperature magnetometry: the INS measurements access crystal field energies and low temperature magnetization probes the Dy-Dy exchange interaction. Work supported by ARO W911NF-13-1-1025 (CCNY) and NSF-DMR-1309202 (NYU).

  4. Study of Dy-doped Bi₂Te₃: thin film growth and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Harrison, S E; Collins-McIntyre, L J; Zhang, S-L; Baker, A A; Figueroa, A I; Kellock, A J; Pushp, A; Parkin, S S P; Harris, J S; van der Laan, G; Hesjedal, T

    2015-06-24

    Breaking the time-reversal symmetry (TRS) in topological insulators (TIs) through ferromagnetic doping is an essential prerequisite for unlocking novel physical phenomena and exploring potential device applications. Here, we report the successful growth of high-quality (Dy(x)Bi(1-x))2Te3 thin films with Dy concentrations up to x = 0.355 by molecular beam epitaxy. Bulk-sensitive magnetisation studies using superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry find paramagnetic behaviour down to 2 K for the entire doping series. The effective magnetic moment, μeff, is strongly doping concentration-dependent and reduces from ∼12.6 μ(B) Dy(-1) for x = 0.023 to ∼4.3 μ(B) Dy(-1) for x = 0.355. X-ray absorption spectra and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the Dy M4,5 edge are employed to provide a deeper insight into the magnetic nature of the Dy(3+)-doped films. XMCD, measured in surface-sensitive total-electron-yield detection, gives μ(eff )= 4.2 μ(B) Dy(-1). The large measured moments make Dy-doped films interesting TI systems in which the TRS may be broken via the proximity effect due to an adjacent ferromagnetic insulator.

  5. Lifetimes and electromagnetic transition strengths in 155Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petkov, P.; Yavahchova, M. S.; Möller, O.; Dewald, A.; Tonev, D.; Saha, B.; Fitzler, A.; Jessen, K.; Klug, T.; Heinze, S.; Jolie, J.; von Brentano, P.; Goutev, N.; Bazzacco, D.; Ur, C. A.; Farnea, E.; Axiotis, M.; Lunardi, S.; de Angelis, G.; Napoli, D. R.; Marginean, N.; Martinez, T.; Caprio, M. A.

    2013-09-01

    Recoil distance Doppler-shift and Doppler-shift attenuation lifetime measurements were carried out for levels in 155Dy through the coincident detection of γ rays. Twenty-six lifetimes, most of them for the first time, were determined using the differential decay curve method for the analysis of the data. At low and medium spins, particle-plus-triaxial-rotor calculations reveal different quadrupole deformations for the one-quasineutron bands in this transitional nucleus. At high spin, the reduced B(E2) transition probabilities confirm with a better precision the results of a previous study implying decreased collectivity with increasing spin.

  6. Depression of superconducting and antiferromagnetic states in the Dy-rich (U 1- xDy x)Ni 2B 2C solid solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonçalves, António P.; Pereira, Laura C. J.; Kuznietz, Moshe; Almeida, Manuel; Silva, Paulo A. S.; Godinho, Margarida

    2000-06-01

    Polycrystalline Dy-rich (U 1- xDy x)Ni 2B 2C solid solutions ( x=0.97, 0.95, 0.90) were prepared, adopting LuNi 2B 2C-type structure. AC-susceptibility and magnetization studies show that Dy substitution by U (decreasing x) affects the superconducting (SC) and antiferromagnetic (AF) transitions of DyNi 2B 2C [initial magnetic order at 16.3(3) K, AF at 10.4(3) K, SC at ≅6 K], lowering the magnetic transition temperatures, with AF order disappearing for x<0.90. There is no clear evidence for a SC state in the materials down to the lower-temperature limit of 2 K.

  7. Magnetoresistance, susceptibility and magnetization measurements on RNiBC compounds (R = Er, Ho, Dy, Tb, and Gd)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tróchez, J. C.; Sánchez, D. R.; Giordanengo, B.; Fontes, M. B.; Continentino, Múcio; Baggio-Saitovitch, E. M.

    1997-08-01

    We studied magnetic behavior of the RNiBC compounds by magnetic and transport measurements. At low temperatures, each compound has different magnetic structure. Magnetoresistivity data are in good accordance with theory of magnetic elementary interactions, susceptibility reveals the magnetic transition and Curie Weiss behavior and magnetization shows low value of the saturation compared with the free R+3 ion that confirm that crystalline electric field is strong as in the RNi2B2C series.

  8. X-ray resonant magnetic scattering investigations of hexagonal multiferroics RMnO3 (R = Dy, Ho, Er)

    SciTech Connect

    Nandi, Shibabrata

    2009-01-01

    Electricity and magnetism were unified into a common subject by James Clerk Maxwell in the nineteenth century yielding the electromagnetic theory. Four equations govern the dynamics of electric charges and magnetic fields, commonly known as Maxwell's equations. Maxwell's equations demonstrate that an accelerated charged particle can produce magnetic fields and a time varying magnetic field can induce a voltage - thereby linking the two phenomena. However, in solids, electric and magnetic ordering are most often considered separately and usually with good reason: the electric charges of electrons and ions are responsible for the charge effects, whereas the electron spin governs magnetic properties.

  9. Magnetic and Electronic Properties of R3Ni7B2 Compounds where R = Dy, Ho, Er

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bucur, N.; Vlaic, P.; Burzo, E.

    2007-04-01

    Band structure calculations show the presence of small magnetic moments at Ni sites. Magnetic measurements at 4.2 K evidenced a relative high anisotropy. Magnetic behavior of nickel is analyzed in spin fluctuation model.

  10. Structural, electrical and optical properties of Dy doped ZnO thin films grown by buffer assisted pulsed laser deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ajimsha, R. S.; Das, A. K.; Singh, B. N.; Misra, P.; Kukreja, L. M.

    2010-04-01

    Transparent conductive dysprosium doped ZnO (Dy:ZnO) thin films with preferential orientation in the (0 0 0 2) direction were deposited on (0 0 0 1) sapphire substrate by buffer assisted pulsed laser deposition. The experimental results show that the resistivity of Dy:ZnO thin films decreased to a minimum value of ∼7.6×10 -4 Ω cm with increasing Dy concentration up to ∼0.45 at%, then increased with the further increase of Dy concentration. On the contrary, the band gap and carrier concentration of Dy:ZnO thin films initially increased, then decreased with increase of Dy concentration. The blue shift of band gap of Dy:ZnO thin films with increasing carrier concentration was attributed to the competing effects of Burstein-Moss shift and band gap narrowing. A bright room temperature photoluminescence observed at ∼575 nm in all the Dy:ZnO thin films, with maximum intensity at ∼0.45 at% of Dy doping, was attributed to be due to intra-band transitions of Dy 3+ in ZnO. Near band edge photoluminescence of ZnO was observed at ∼380 nm with photoluminescence intensity decreasing with increase of Dy concentration. Such Dy:ZnO thin films are found to be suitable candidate for luminescent device applications.

  11. Quadrupole moments in chiral material DyFe3(BO3)4 observed by resonant x-ray diffraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakajima, Hiroshi; Usui, Tomoyasu; Joly, Yves; Suzuki, Motohiro; Wakabayashi, Yusuke; Kimura, Tsuyoshi; Tanaka, Yoshikazu

    2016-04-01

    By means of circularly polarized x rays at the Dy L3 and Fe K absorption edges, the chiral structure of the electric quadrupole was investigated for a single crystal of DyFe3(BO3)4, in which both Dy and Fe ions exhibit a spiral arrangement. The integrated intensity of the resonant x-ray diffraction of space-group forbidden reflections 004 and 005 is interpreted within the electric dipole transitions from Dy 2 p3/2 to 5 d and Fe 1 s to 4 p , respectively. We have confirmed that the handedness of the crystal observed at Dy L3 and Fe K edges is consistent with that observed at Dy M5 edge reported in a previous study. The electric quadrupole moments of Dy 5 d and Fe 4 p are derived by analyzing the azimuth scans of the diffracted intensity. The temperature profiles of the integrated intensity of 004 at the Dy L3 and the Fe K edges are similar to those of Dy-O and Fe-O bond lengths, while the temperature dependence at the Dy M5 edge does not match the bond-length behavior. The results indicate that the helix chiral orientations of quadrupole moments due to Dy 5 d and Fe 4 p electrons are more strongly coupled to the ligands states than Dy 4 f electrons.

  12. Luminescence properties of Dy3+ doped lanthanum-calcium-silicaborate glass scintillator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, J. M.; Ha, D. H.; Lee, S. W.; Chanthima, N.; Ruangtaweep, Y.; Kaewkhao, J.

    2016-09-01

    In this research Dy3+-doped lanthanum-calcium-silicaborate glass scintillators, with the formula 25La2O3: 10CaO: 10SiO2: (55-x)B2O3: xDy2O3, were fabricated by using the melt-quenching technique. For the Dy3+ doping concentrations from 0.05 mol% to 0.5 mol% studied the luminescence properties of the Dy3+-doped glass scintillators with various radiation sources, such as X-ray, photo-, laser, and proton. To understand the absorption state, we measured the transmittance spectrum. Furthermore, X-ray, photo- and proton-induced emission spectra were measured to study the transition states of Dy3+-doped glass scintillators. The laser-induced emission spectra were measured at low temperatures in the range from 10 K to 300 K.

  13. DyP-type peroxidases comprise a novel heme peroxidase family.

    PubMed

    Sugano, Y

    2009-04-01

    Dye-decolorizing peroxidase (DyP) is produced by a basidiomycete (Thanatephorus cucumeris Dec 1) and is a member of a novel heme peroxidase family (DyP-type peroxidase family) that appears to be distinct from general peroxidases. Thus far, 80 putative members of this family have been registered in the PeroxiBase database (http://peroxibase.isbsib.ch/) and more than 400 homologous proteins have been detected via PSI-BLAST search. Although few studies have characterized the function and structure of these proteins, they appear to be bifunctional enzymes with hydrolase or oxygenase, as well as typical peroxidase activities. DyP-type peroxidase family suggests an ancient root compared with other general peroxidases because of their widespread distribution in the living world. In this review, firstly, an outline of the characteristics of DyP from T. cucumeris is presented and then interesting characteristics of the DyP-type peroxidase family are discussed.

  14. Faraday effect improvement by Dy3+-doping of terbium gallium garnet single crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Zhe; Yang, Lei; Hang, Yin; Wang, Xiangyong

    2016-01-01

    Highly transparent Dy3+-doped terbium gallium garnet (TGG) single crystal was grown by Czochralski (Cz) method. Phase composition of the crystal was tested by XRD measurements. The distribution coefficient of Dy3+ in the crystal was obtained. The optical and magneto-optical properties were analyzed in detail, and magnetic properties of the Dy3+-TGG crystal were studied. The paramagnetic behavior is observed down to 10 K. The as-grown crystal exhibited high optical transmittance, particularly in the visible region. The Faraday rotation was investigated over visible and near-infrared regions (VIS-NIR) at room temperature. The Verdet constants increase at measured wavelengths and high thermal stability was found in Dy3+-doped TGG, as compared to the properties of pure TGG, indicating that Dy3+-doped crystals are preferable for magneto-active materials used in Faraday devices at VIS-NIR wavelengths.

  15. Characteristics of Dy/W( 1 1 2 ) thin films during epitaxial growth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moslemzadeh, N.; Barrett, S. D.; Ledieu, J.

    2002-12-01

    At RT a laminar growth has been found for Dy on W(1 1 2). For coverages more than 1 ML, epitaxial relations of Dy(0 0 0 1)∥W(1 1 2) with Dy[1 1 2¯ 0]∥W[1 1 1¯] were found. The high background intensity and the limited energy range over which the Dy LEED spots were visible suggests that the film was not well ordered. STM studies showed that the development of the second monolayer involved chain-like atomic rows, with irregular lengths and distances, on top of the first monolayer. For five monolayer films, flat terraces of Dy were observed by STM. Growth at 470 and 570 K was also found to be laminar, but LEED produced patterns with streaks.

  16. Photoluminescence and thermoluminescence studies of CaAl2O4:Dy(3+) phosphor.

    PubMed

    Ziyauddin, Mohammad; Tigga, Shalinta; Brahme, Nameeta; Bisen, D P

    2016-02-01

    Calcium aluminate phosphors activated by Dy(3+) have been prepared by a combustion method at a temperature of 600°C. Photoluminescence (PL) and thermoluminescence (TL) properties of gamma-irradiated Dy-doped calcium aluminate were investigated. The PL spectrum shows a broad peak around 488 nm and 573 nm, under 347 nm excitation. Thermoluminescence studies were performed for different concentrations of Dy. Optimum intensity of photoluminescence was found for 0.02 mol% concentration of Dy. It was found that initially the peak TL intensity increases with increasing concentration of Dy in the CaAl2O4 host, attains a maximum value for 0.05 mol% concentration and decreases with further increase in the doping concentration due to concentration quenching.

  17. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress and Endocrine Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Ariyasu, Daisuke; Yoshida, Hiderou; Hasegawa, Yukihiro

    2017-01-01

    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the organelle where secretory and membrane proteins are synthesized and folded. Unfolded proteins that are retained within the ER can cause ER stress. Eukaryotic cells have a defense system called the “unfolded protein response” (UPR), which protects cells from ER stress. Cells undergo apoptosis when ER stress exceeds the capacity of the UPR, which has been revealed to cause human diseases. Although neurodegenerative diseases are well-known ER stress-related diseases, it has been discovered that endocrine diseases are also related to ER stress. In this review, we focus on ER stress-related human endocrine disorders. In addition to diabetes mellitus, which is well characterized, several relatively rare genetic disorders such as familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (FNDI), Wolfram syndrome, and isolated growth hormone deficiency type II (IGHD2) are discussed in this article. PMID:28208663

  18. White light generation from Dy3+ doped tellurite glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damak, Kamel; Yousef, El Sayed; Rüssel, Christian; Maâlej, Ramzi

    2014-02-01

    This paper reports on the spectral results of Dy3+ (1.0 mol%) ions-doped TeO2-ZnO-PbO-PbF2-Na2O (TZPPN) glass. Raman spectrum measurements, differential thermal analysis (DTA) profiles of this rare-earth ion-doped glass were carried out. From the DTA thermogram, glass transition (Tg), crystallization (Tc) and melting (Tm) temperatures were evaluated. Direct and indirect optical band gaps were calculated based on the glasses UV absorption spectra. From the absorption spectra, Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters, Ωk, were calculated. Using J-O intensity parameters, several radiative properties such as spontaneous transition probabilities (AR), radiative branching ratios (βR) and radiative lifetimes (τR) were determined for the excitation level 4F9/2. From the emission spectra, a strong yellow emission at 574 nm (4F9/2→6H13/2) was observed and it also showed a combination of blue and red emission bands for this glass. The stimulated emission cross-section σ(λp) was also evaluated for the 4F9/2→6HJ (J=11/2, 13/2, and 15/2) transitions. This study indicates that 1 mol% Dy2O3-doped tellurite glass can be considered for white light generation with the excitation of blue light (454 nm).

  19. Tank 241-ER-311, grab samples, ER311-98-1, ER311-98-2, ER311-98-3 analytical results for the final report

    SciTech Connect

    FULLER, R.K.

    1999-02-24

    This document is the final report for catch tank 241-ER-311 grab samples. Three grab samples ER311-98-1, ER311-98-2 and ER311-98-3 were taken from East riser of tank 241-ER-311 on August 4, 1998 and received by the 222-S Laboratory on August 4, 1998. Analyses were performed in accordance with the Compatibility Grab Sampling and Analysis Plan (TSAP) (Sasaki, 1998)and the Data Quality Objectives for Tank Farms Waste Compatibility Program (DQO) (Mulkey and Miller, 1997). The analytical results are presented in the data summary report (Table 1). No notification limits were exceeded.

  20. NASA ER-2: Flying Laboratory for Earth Science Studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Navarro, Robert

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of the NASA ER-2 aircraft. The contents include: 1) ER-2 Specifications; 2) ER-2 Basic Configuration; 3) ER-2 Payload Areas: Nose Area; 4) ER-2 Payload Areas: SuperPod Fore and Aftbody; 5) ER-2 Payload Areas: SuperPod Midbody; 6) ER-2 Payload Areas: Q-Bay; 7) ER-2 Payload Areas: Q-Bay Hatch Designs; 8) ER-2 Payload Areas: External Pods; 9) ER-2 Electrical/Control Interface; 10) ER-2 Typical Flight Profile; 11) Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling TC-4; 12) TC-4 Timeline; 13) TC4 Area of Interest; 14) ER-2 TC4 Payload; 15) A/C ready for fuel; 16) ER-2 Pilot being suited; 17) ER-2 Taxing; 18) ER-2 Pilot post flight debrief; and 19) NASA ER-2: Flying Laboratory for Earth Science Studies and Remote Sensing.

  1. Mitochondria-Associated Membranes and ER Stress.

    PubMed

    van Vliet, Alexander R; Agostinis, Patrizia

    2017-03-28

    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a crucial organelle for coordinating cellular Ca(2+) signaling and protein synthesis and folding. Moreover, the dynamic and complex membranous structures constituting the ER allow the formation of contact sites with other organelles and structures, including among others the mitochondria and the plasma membrane (PM). The contact sites that the ER form with mitochondria is a hot topic in research, and the nature of the so-called mitochondria-associated membranes (MAMs) is continuously evolving. The MAMs consist of a proteinaceous tether that physically connects the ER with mitochondria. The MAMs harness the main functions of both organelles to form a specialized subcompartment at the interface of the ER and mitochondria. Under homeostatic conditions, MAMs are crucial for the efficient transfer of Ca(2+) from the ER to mitochondria, and for proper mitochondria bioenergetics and lipid synthesis. MAMs are also believed to be the master regulators of mitochondrial shape and motility, and to form a crucial site for autophagosome assembly. Not surprisingly, MAMs have been shown to be a hot spot for the transfer of stress signals from the ER to mitochondria, most notably under the conditions of loss of ER proteostasis, by engaging the unfolded protein response (UPR). In this chapter after an introduction on ER biology and ER stress, we will review the emerging and key signaling roles of the MAMs, which have a root in cellular processes and signaling cascades coordinated by the ER.

  2. ER stress-induced cell death mechanisms

    PubMed Central

    Sano, Renata; Reed, John C.

    2013-01-01

    The endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) stress response constitutes a cellular process that is triggered by a variety of conditions that disturb folding of proteins in the ER. Eukaryotic cells have developed an evolutionarily conserved adaptive mechanism, the unfolded protein response (UPR), which aims to clear unfolded proteins and restore ER homeostasis. In cases where ER stress cannot be reversed, cellular functions deteriorate, often leading to cell death. Accumulating evidence implicates ER stress-induced cellular dysfunction and cell death as major contributors to many diseases, making modulators of ER stress pathways potentially attractive targets for therapeutics discovery. Here, we summarize recent advances in understanding the diversity of molecular mechanisms that govern ER stress signaling in health and disease. PMID:23850759

  3. Effect of cobalt on the oxidation resistance of Pr(Nd)-Dy-Fe-Co-B materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kablov, E. N.; Ospennikova, O. G.; Rezchikova, I. I.; Valeev, R. A.; Piskorskii, V. P.; Sul'yanova, E. A.

    2016-07-01

    The effect of cobalt on the oxidation resistance of (Nd0.85Dy0.15)16.4(Fe0.89Co0.11)74.4Ti1.3B7.9 and (Pr0.56Dy0.39Sm0.05)14.5(Fe0.75Co0.25)78.8B6.7 alloys has been studied. The storage of magnet blanks made from these alloy in air for 200 h does not affect the magnetic properties of the sintered magnets owing to the presence of the phases (Pr, Dy)(Fe, Co)2, (Pr, Dy)(Fe, Co)2B2, (Pr, Dy)(Fe, Co)4B, (Pr, Dy)(Fe, Co)3B2, and (Pr, Dy)(Fe, Co)3, which are resistant to oxidation and ensure liquid-phase sintering of magnets. After 200-h exposure to air, oxidation of the blanks takes place, the rate of which decreases by more than two times at the expense of an increase in the cobalt content in the alloy.

  4. Anisotropic dependence of tune-out wavelength near Dy 741-nm transition.

    PubMed

    Kao, Wil; Tang, Yijun; Burdick, Nathaniel Q; Lev, Benjamin L

    2017-02-20

    We report the first measurement of a tune-out wavelength for ground-state bosonic Dy and linearly polarized light. The tune-out wavelength is measured as a detuning from the nearby narrow-line 741-nm transition in 162Dy, and is the wavelength at which the total Stark shift of the ground state vanishes. We find that it strongly depends on the relative angle between the optical field and quantization axis due to Dy's large tensor polarizability. This anisotropy provides a wide, 22-GHz tunability of the tune-out frequency for linearly polarized light, in contrast to Rb and Cs whose near-infrared tune-out wavelengths do not exhibit large anisotropy. The measurements of the total light shift are performed by measuring the contrast of multipulse Kapitza-Dirac diffraction. The calculated wavelengths are within a few GHz of the measured values using known Dy electronic transition data. The lack of hyperfine structure in bosonic Dy implies that the tune-out wavelengths for the other bosonic Dy isotopes should be related to this 162Dy measurement by the known isotope shifts.

  5. Faraday effect improvement by Dy{sup 3+}-doping of terbium gallium garnet single crystal

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Zhe Yang, Lei; Hang, Yin; Wang, Xiangyong

    2016-01-15

    Highly transparent Dy{sup 3+}-doped terbium gallium garnet (TGG) single crystal was grown by Czochralski (Cz) method. Phase composition of the crystal was tested by XRD measurements. The distribution coefficient of Dy{sup 3+} in the crystal was obtained. The optical and magneto-optical properties were analyzed in detail, and magnetic properties of the Dy{sup 3+}-TGG crystal were studied. The paramagnetic behavior is observed down to 10 K. The as-grown crystal exhibited high optical transmittance, particularly in the visible region. The Faraday rotation was investigated over visible and near-infrared regions (VIS–NIR) at room temperature. The Verdet constants increase at measured wavelengths and high thermal stability was found in Dy{sup 3+}-doped TGG, as compared to the properties of pure TGG, indicating that Dy{sup 3+}-doped crystals are preferable for magneto-active materials used in Faraday devices at VIS–NIR wavelengths. - Graphical abstract: Highly transparent Dy{sup 3+}-doped terbium gallium garnet (TGG) and pure TGG single crystals were grown by Czochralski method. The Dy{sup 3+}-doped TGG possesses 20–30% higher Verdet values in reference to TGG independently on wavelength.

  6. Synthesis and characterization of white light-emitting Dy3+-doped Gd2O3 nanophosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nambram, S.; Singh, S. D.; Meetei, S. D.

    2016-03-01

    A series of Gd2O3 nanophosphors doped with different concentration of Dy3+ has been synthesized by chemical precipitation method. X-ray diffraction study of the undoped and doped samples suggests that Dy3+ atoms remain in the crystallite cubic lattice of the host. The particle sizes are in the range of 14-19 nm. Energy-dispersive analysis of X-ray spectroscopy study and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy studies are also performed to analyze the elements present in the samples. Photoluminescence emission peak of Dy3+ in doped samples are observed at 487, 575 and 672 nm corresponding to the 4F9/2-6H15/2, 4F9/2-6H13/2 and 4F9/2-6H11/2 transition, respectively. Effective energy transfer from Gd3+ to Dy3+ is observed, yielding efficient emission under UV excitation. The maximum emission intensity is found at 1.5 at.% Dy3+-doped Gd2O3 sample. The enhancement in the emission intensity with the increase in Dy3+ is due to the increase in energy transfer from Gd3+ of host to Dy3+ ions. The CIE ( Commission Internationale de l'é clairage) coordinates of the doped samples are found to be very close to that of standard white color (0.33, 0.33).

  7. Thermoluminescence dosimetry features of DY and Cu doped SrF2 nanoparticles under gamma irradiation.

    PubMed

    Zahedifar, M; Sadeghi, E; Kashefi biroon, M; Harooni, S; Almasifard, F

    2015-11-01

    Dy and Cu-doped SrF2 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by using co-precipitation method and their possible application to solid state dosimetry were studied and compared to that of pure SrF2 NPs. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) were used for sample characterization. The highest thermoluminescence (TL) response of SrF2:Dy and SrF2:Cu NPs were found respectively at 0.5 and 0.7mol% of Dy and Cu impurities. Seven overlapping glow peaks at 384, 406, 421, 449, 569, 495, 508K and three component glow peaks at 381, 421 and 467K were identified respectively for SrF2:Dy and SrF2:Cu NPs employing Tm-Tstop and computerized glow curve deconvolution (CGCD) methods. The TL sensitivity of SrF2:Dy is approximately the same as that of LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100) cheeps. Linear dose response were observed for the SrF2:Dy and SrF2:Cu NPs up to the absorbed doses of 1kGy and 10kGy correspondingly. Regarding other dosimetry characteristics of the produced NPs such as fading, reproducibility and thermal treatment, Dy and Cu doped SrF2 NPs recommend for high dose TL dosimetry applications.

  8. Studies of sintered MRE-Fe-B magnets by DyF3 addition or diffusion treatment (MRE = Nd + Y + Dy)

    SciTech Connect

    Tang, Wei; Dennis, Kevin W.; Kramer, Matthew; Anderson, Iver, McCallum, Ralph W.

    2012-03-13

    Sintered MRE2(Fe, Co)14B magnets by DyF3 blending or diffusion treatment were investigated. “Base-line” magnets with a thickness of 1.5 mm were coated (painted) with DyF3 powder and heated to promote Dy diffusion at 800–900 °C, i.e., “Diffusion” magnets. For comparison, the magnet alloy powder for making Base-line magnets was blended with 3–5 wt.% DyF3 powder and then made into sintered magnets, i.e., “Blended” magnets. The coercivity and (BH)max of Base-line magnets were 9.7 kOe and 32.7 MGOe, respectively, while the coercivity of Diffusion magnets was increased to 15 kOe and the (BH)max was nearly unchanged at 31.4 MGOe. Blended magnets with 5 wt% DyF3 had a coercivity of 17.8 kOe, but the (BH)max was reduced to 25.4 MGOe, due to a considerable reduction of remanence. The total Dy concentration in the MRE2(Fe, Co)14B Diffusion magnets with a β value of −0.5%/°C was 5.3 wt%, while typical commercial Nd-based Nd2Fe14B magnets require at least 7.5 wt% Dy to achieve the same β. Therefore, the MRE2(Fe, Co)14B Diffusion magnets exhibited better temperature stability.

  9. Development of YAG:Dy Thermographic Phosphor Coatings for Turbine Engine Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eldridge, J. I.; Jenkins, T. P.; Allison, S. W.; Wolfe, D. E.; Jordan, E. H.

    2012-01-01

    The selection and development of thermographic phosphor coatings were pursued to meet the objective of demonstrating luminescence-decay-based temperature measurements up to 1300C on the surface of a vane in an operating demonstrator turbine engine. To meet this objective, YAG:Dy was selected based on the desirable luminescence performance observed for YAG:Dy powder: (1) excellent temperature sensitivity and intensity at operating turbine engine temperatures, (2) an emission peak at the relatively short wavelength of 456 nm, where the interference from background blackbody radiation is fairly low, and (3) its nearly single exponential decay which makes for a simple, reliable temperature calibration. However, implementation of YAG:Dy for surface temperature measurements required application of YAG:Dy as a coating onto the surface of a superalloy component with a preexisting yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thermal barrier coating (TBC). An inherent dilemma in producing a YAG:Dy coating is that coating processing is constrained to be performed at temperatures below (less than 1200C) what is considered safe for the superalloy component, much lower than temperatures used to produce the high quality crystalline powder. Therefore, YAG:Dy coatings tend to exhibit lower luminescence performance compared to well prepared YAG:Dy powder, and the luminescence performance of the coating will depend on the method of coating deposition. In this presentation, the luminescence performance of YAG:Dy coatings prepared by the different methods of (1) application of a binder-based YAG:Dy-containing paint, (2) solution precursor plasma spray (SPPS), and (3) electron-beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) and the effect of post-deposition heat treatments will be discussed.

  10. AC-magnetic susceptibility of Dy doped ZnO compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akyol, Mustafa; Ekicibil, Ahmet; Kiymaç, Kerim

    2015-07-01

    Dy doped ZnO polycrystalline diluted magnetic semiconductor compounds have been prepared by the so called solid state reaction method. We have studied the M-H and AC magnetic properties of the compounds by using a PPMS magnetometer, and explored the phases and crystal structure by using a X-ray powder diffractometer. The XRD spectra of the compounds show that the substitution of Dy3+ for Zn2+ causes almost no change in the hexagonal wurtzite structure of ZnO, and the Dy3+ ions are successfully substituted into the Zn2+ site of the ZnO matrix. The magnetic measurements, M-H and χ-T, for T in the range from 10 to 300 K, show a paramagnetic behavior, including indirect antiferromagnetic couplings between some Dy3+ magnetic moments. Since the Curie-Weiss temperatures, θ, are all negative but decrease in magnitude with increasing Dy concentration. On the other hand, the calculated effective magnetic moments, μeff, per Dy3+ ion slowly increase with increasing Dy concentration, but are all very close to the free ion value of μeff, ~11.0 μB. Therefore, the trends of the magnitudes of θs and μeff s indicate that the samples are not only paramagnetic but also have antiferromagnetic couplings due to the complex nature of the compounds. In addition, the thermal variation of average magnetic moment, Peff(T), per Dy3+ ion have been calculated, and have been found to be gradually increasing with increasing temperature and Dy concentration.

  11. Decay of {sup 161m1,m2}Dy isomers under conditions of a resonance environment (Moessbauer Screen)

    SciTech Connect

    Loginov, Yu. E. Zinoviev, V. G.; Kabina, L. P.; Lisin, S. S.; Maljutenkov, Ed. I.

    2013-06-15

    The half-lives of the isomers {sup 161m1}Dy and {sup 161m2}Dy (E = 25.6 keV and T{sub 1/2} {approx} 30 ns for the former and E = 74.6 keV and T{sub 1/2} {approx} 3 ns for the latter) placed in a {sup 160}Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} crystal lattice at T = 300 K and surrounded by stable {sup 161}Dy nuclei in the composition of {sup 161}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} were measured by the method of ({beta}-{gamma}) coincidences in the beta-decay process {sup 161}Tb {yields} {sup 161}Dy. Nuclei of {sup 161m1,m2}Dy were obtained according to the chain {sup 160}Gd(n, {gamma}){sup 161}Gd {yields} {sup 161}Tb {yields} {sup 161}Dy from {sup 160}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} weighted portions irradiated at the PWR-M reactor of the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI, Gatchina, Russia). The T{sub 1/2} value observed for the isomer {sup 161m1}Dy was found to be correlated with the number of surrounding {sup 161}Dy nuclei. The presence of this correlation in {sup 161m1}Dy can be explained by the multiple resonance scattering of photons from isomer decay within the sample used. No such correlation was observed for {sup 161m2}Dy. The half-lives measured for the isomers {sup 161m1}Dy and {sup 161m2}Dy in the absence of the above environment are 29.2(1) and 3.50(1) ns, respectively.

  12. New R Coronae Borealis and DY Persei Candidates in the SMC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nikzat, F.; Catelan, M.

    2016-12-01

    We report 3 new R Coronae Borealis and 63 new DY Persei candidates in the Small Magellanic Cloud. Our analysis, based on data published by the OGLE team, consisted in a search for the characteristic drops in brightness that define these classes. All candidates had been previously classified as semi-regular or Mira variables. We briefly remark upon the possible existence of a ``borderline'' DY Per-like star and a ``transitional'' DY Per/RCB stars. Follow-up observations are needed to conclusively establish the nature of our candidates.

  13. Helium-induced one-neutron transfer to levels in 162Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andersen, E.; Helstrup, H.; Løvhøiden, G.; Thorsteinsen, T. F.; Guttormsen, M.; Messelt, S.; Tveter, T. S.; Hofstee, M. A.; Schippers, J. M.; van der Werf, S. Y.

    1992-12-01

    Levels in 162Dy have been studied in the 161Dy(α, 3He) and 163Dy( 3He, α) reactions with 50 MeV α- and 3He-beams from the KVI cyclotron in Groningen. The reaction products were analyzed in the QMG/2 magnetic spectrograph and registered in a two-dimensional detector system. The observed levels and cross sections are well described by the Nilsson model with the exception of the three levels at 1578, 1759 and 1990 keV. The present data combined with previous results strongly indicate that these levels are the spin-4, -6, and -8 members of the S-band.

  14. Thermoluminescence properties of nanophosphors BaSO₄:Dy and BaSO₄:Tb.

    PubMed

    Rezaee Ebrahim Saraee, Kadijeh; Aghay Kharieky, Amin

    2013-12-01

    Nanocrystalline BaSO4:Dy and BaSO4:Tb were prepared by the coprecipitation method. The materials were characterized with X-ray diffractometry, UV-visible spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The glow curves of the BaSO4:Dy and BaSO4:Tb nanophosphors feature main peaks at 505 K and 480 K, respectively. The responses to the (60)Co dose are linear in the range 0.1-1 kGy for BaSO4:Dy and in the range 0.1-7 kGy for BaSO4:Tb. The energy dependences of the responses were also studied.

  15. Magnetization and magnetic susceptibility of DyH3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1975-01-01

    The magnetization and differential magnetic susceptibility of powdered DyH3 samples are measured at a temperature of 4.2 K in applied magnetic fields ranging up to 9 Teslas. The differential magnetic susceptibility is also investigated in the zero applied field. Magnetization is plotted as a function of field strength, and differential susceptibility is described as a function of both field strength and temperature. A saturation magnetic moment of 5.12 Bohr magnetons per ion is derived from the magnetization data, and the zero-field susceptibility measurements are found to indicate antiferromagnetic ordering below 3.45 K. The susceptibility at 4.2 K is shown to have an inverse-square dependence on field strength for values of not less than 0.3 Tesla.

  16. Magnetization and magnetic susceptibility of DyH3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1974-01-01

    The magnetization and differential magnetic susceptibility of powdered samples of DyH3 have been measured at 4.2 K in applied magnetic fields ranging to 9 Teslas. The differential magnetic susceptibility has also been studied in zero applied field as a function of temperature. The magnetization data are described by an equation of the form M = aB/(1 + bB + cB. The ratio a/b is a measure of the saturation magnetization and gives an effective moment of 5.12 Bohr magnetons per ion. The zero field susceptibility exhibits a maximum at T = 3.45 K, and an inflection point near 2.85 K. The susceptibility at 4.2 K has a 1/B squared dependence on the applied magnetic field for B approximately greater than 0.3 Teslas.

  17. Spectral Properties of Dy-Doped Thermal Barrier Sensor Coatings

    SciTech Connect

    Allison, Stephen W; Moore, Danielle; Heyes, Andrew; Nichols, John R.

    2009-01-01

    We have obtained the excitation (484, 497 and 585 nm) and emission (355, 367 and 385 nm) spectra and measured the fluorescence decay lifetimes for partially Y2O3 stabilized ZrO2 thermal barrier coatings doped with 2mol% Dy2O3, as a function of coating depth for thicknesses ranging from 30 to 200 μm. In principle, these coatings can function not only as thermal protection barriers for turbomachinery blades and vanes, but also as remotely interrogated self-sensors for use in determining in situ wear rates during operation. This is done by varying the excitation wavelength and observing the fluorescence decay times and related parameters.

  18. Phase transition at N = 92 in 158Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gupta, J. B.

    2016-09-01

    Beyond the shape phase transition from the spherical vibrator to the deformed rotor regime at N = 90, the interplay of β- and γ-degrees of freedom becomes important, which affects the relative positions of the Kπ = 0+β- and Kπ = 2+γ-bands. In the microscopic approach of the dynamic pairing plus quadrupole model, a correlation of the strength of the quadrupole force and the formation of the β- and γ-bands in 158Dy is described. The role of the potential energy surface is illustrated. The E2 transition rates in the lower three K-bands and the multi-phonon bands with Kπ = 0+, 2+ and 4+ are well reproduced. The absolute B(E2, 2i+ = 0 2+) (i = 2, 3) serves as a good measure of the quadrupole strength. The role of the single particle Nilsson orbits is also described.

  19. Magnetic structures of nanometer scale Dy, Cr and Ni

    SciTech Connect

    Fitzsimmons, M.R.; Robinson, R.A.; Lawson, A.C.; Kwei, G.H.; Sickafus, K.E. ); Eastman, J.A. ); Burkel, E. . Sektion Physik, Lehrstuhl Peisl)

    1992-10-01

    Materials composed of nanometer-sized structures are becoming technologically relevant as the sizes of electronic devices approach the nanometer scale. Questions as to the performance and durability of these devices can be partially addressed through the characterization and understanding of the magnetic structures and properties of nanometer-sized materials. The purpose of the present work is to understand the relationship between the microstructure of nanocrystalline materials and their magnetic structures and properties. This paper summarizes three separate experiments: (1) an X-ray diffraction and anomalous absorption (XANES) study of nanocrystalline Dy, (2) neutron diffraction measurements of the magnetic structure of nanocrystalline Cr, and (3) the measurement of the magnetization density of a single twist grain boundary in Ni.

  20. Scissors Mode of 162Dy Studied from Resonance Neutron Capture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baramsai, B.; Bečvář, F.; Bredeweg, T. A.; Haight, R. C.; Jandel, M.; Kroll, J.; Krtička, M.; Mitchell, G. E.; O'Donnell, J. M.; Rundberg, R. S.; Ullmann, J. L.; Valenta, S.; Wilhelmy, J. B.

    2015-05-01

    Multi-step cascade γ-ray spectra from the neutron capture at isolated resonances of 161Dy nucleus were measured at the LANSCE/DANCE time-of-flight facility in Los Alamos National Laboratory. The objectives of this experiment were to confirm and possibly extend the spin assignment of s-wave neutron resonances and get new information on photon strength functions with emphasis on the role of the M1 scissors mode vibration. The preliminary results show that the scissors mode plays a significant role in all transitions between accessible states of the studied nucleus. The photon strength functions describing well our data are compared to results from 3He-induced reactions, (n,γ) experiments on Gd isotopes, and (γ,γ') reactions.

  1. Forensic discrimination of dyed hair color: II. Multivariate statistical analysis.

    PubMed

    Barrett, Julie A; Siegel, Jay A; Goodpaster, John V

    2011-01-01

    This research is intended to assess the ability of UV-visible microspectrophotometry to successfully discriminate the color of dyed hair. Fifty-five red hair dyes were analyzed and evaluated using multivariate statistical techniques including agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC), principal component analysis (PCA), and discriminant analysis (DA). The spectra were grouped into three classes, which were visually consistent with different shades of red. A two-dimensional PCA observations plot was constructed, describing 78.6% of the overall variance. The wavelength regions associated with the absorbance of hair and dye were highly correlated. Principal components were selected to represent 95% of the overall variance for analysis with DA. A classification accuracy of 89% was observed for the comprehensive dye set, while external validation using 20 of the dyes resulted in a prediction accuracy of 75%. Significant color loss from successive washing of hair samples was estimated to occur within 3 weeks of dye application.

  2. Scissors Mode of 162 Dy Studied from Resonance Neutron Capture

    DOE PAGES

    Baramsai, B.; Bečvář, F.; Bredeweg, T. A.; ...

    2015-05-28

    Multi-step cascade γ-ray spectra from the neutron capture at isolated resonances of 161Dy nucleus were measured at the LANSCE/DANCE time-of-flight facility in Los Alamos National Laboratory. The objectives of this experiment were to confirm and possibly extend the spin assignment of s-wave neutron resonances and get new information on photon strength functions with emphasis on the role of the M1 scissors mode vibration. The preliminary results show that the scissors mode plays a significant role in all transitions between accessible states of the studied nucleus. The photon strength functions describing well our data are compared to results from 3He-induced reactions,more » (n,γ) experiments on Gd isotopes, and (γ,γ’) reactions.« less

  3. Preparation and Characterization of DyBa2Cu3Oy Thick Films with Dy2BaO4 Precursor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kawata, S.; Muralidhar, M.; Inoue, K.; Murakami, M.

    DyBa2Cu3Oy (Dy-123) thick films were fabricated from Dy2BaO4, BaCuO2, and CuO powders. We have added 0, 1, 2, and 4 wt% of Ag2O. Mixture of alpha-terpineol and 2-ethyl acetate was used as a solvent, to which 100nm-sized stoichiometric powdered mixture was added and grinded for several hours to form a highly dense paste. Thick film precursors were prepared by spreading the paste on MgO substrates with a screen printing technique. The films were sintered with a double-step annealing process. The Dy-123 thick films obtained were of good quality. XRD analyses confirmed the formation of a high-quality c-axis oriented Dy-123 for films annealed at 1070oC for 10 min and at 880oC for 2 h. Scanning electron microscopy showed the formation of large flat grains. Onset Tc was 91 K according to magnetization measurements. The present results suggest that this process might be useful for the preparation of large-area superconducting thick films on MgO substrates in a short processing time.

  4. Electronic state of Er in sputtered AlN:Er films determined by magnetic measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Narang, V.; Seehra, M. S.; Korakakis, D.

    2014-12-07

    The optoelectronic and piezoelectric properties of AlN:Er thin films have been of great recent interest for potential device applications. In this work, the focus is on the electronic state of Er in AlN:Er thin films prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering on (001) p-type Si substrate. X-ray diffraction shows that Er doping expands the lattice and the AlN:Er film has preferential c-plane orientation. To determine whether Er in AlN:Er is present as Er metal, Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}, or Er{sup 3+} substituting for Al{sup 3+}, detailed measurements and analysis of the temperature dependence (2 K–300 K) of the magnetization M at a fixed magnetic field H along with the M vs. H data at 2 K up to H = 90 kOe are presented. The presence of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Er metal is ruled out since their characteristic magnetic transitions are not observed in the AlN:Er sample. Instead, the observed M vs. T and M vs. H variations are consistent with Er present as Er{sup 3+} substituting for Al{sup 3+} in AlN:Er at a concentration x = 1.08% in agreement with x = 0.94% ± 0.20% determined using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The larger size of Er{sup 3+} vs. Al{sup 3+}explains the observed lattice expansion of AlN:Er.

  5. Enneanuclear [Ni6Ln3] Cages: [Ln(III)3] Triangles Capping [Ni(II)6] Trigonal Prisms Including a [Ni6Dy3] Single-Molecule Magnet.

    PubMed

    Canaj, Angelos B; Tzimopoulos, Demetrios I; Siczek, Milosz; Lis, Tadeusz; Inglis, Ross; Milios, Constantinos J

    2015-07-20

    The use of (2-(β-naphthalideneamino)-2-hydroxymethyl-1-propanol) ligand, H3L, in Ni/Ln chemistry has led to the isolation of three new isostructural [Ni(II)6Ln(III)3] metallic cages. More specifically, the reaction of Ni(ClO4)2·6H2O, the corresponding lanthanide nitrate salt, and H3L in MeCN, under solvothermal conditions in the presence of NEt3, led to the isolation of three complexes with the formulas [Ni6Gd3(OH)6(HL)6(NO3)3]·5.75MeCN·2Et2O·1.5H2O (1·5.75MeCN·2Et2O·1.5H2O), [Ni6Dy3(OH)6(HL)6(NO3)3]·2MeCN·2.7Et2O·2.4H2O (2·2MeCN·2.7Et2O·2.4H2O), and [Ni6Er3(OH)6(HL)6(NO3)3]·5.75MeCN·2Et2O·1.5H2O (3·5.75MeCN·2Et2O·1.5H2O). The structure of all three clusters describes a [Ln(III)3] triangle capping a [Ni(II)6] trigonal prism. Direct current magnetic susceptibility studies in the 5-300 K range for complexes 1-3 reveal the different nature of the magnetic interactions within the clusters: dominant antiferromagnetic exchange interactions for the Dy(III) and Er(III) analogues and dominant ferromagnetic interactions for the Gd(III) example. Alternating current magnetic susceptibility measurements under zero external dc field displayed fully formed temperature- and frequency-dependent out-of-phase peaks for the [Ni(II)6Dy(III)3] analogue, establishing its single molecule magnetism behavior with Ueff = 24 K.

  6. Reddish-orange, neutral and warm white emissions in Eu3+, Dy3+ and Dy3+/Eu3+ doped CdO-GeO2-TeO2 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez-Carvajal, David A.; Meza-Rocha, A. N.; Caldiño, U.; Lozada-Morales, R.; Álvarez, E.; Zayas, Ma. E.

    2016-11-01

    Eu3+, Dy3+ and Dy3+/Eu3+ doped CdO-GeO2-TeO2 glasses were prepared using the melt-quenching process and analyzed by X-diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, excitation and emission spectra, and emission decay time profiles. The lack of X ray diffraction peaks revealed that all samples are amorphous. Vibrational modes associated with Tesbnd Osbnd Te and Gesbnd Osbnd Ge related bonds and molecular oxygen were detected by Raman spectroscopy. The luminescence characteristics were studied upon excitations that correspond with the emission of InGaN (370-420 nm) based LEDs. The Eu3+ singly doped glass displayed reddish-orange global emission, with x = 0.601 and y = 0.349 CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates, upon 393 nm excitation. Neutral emission with x = 0.373 and y = 0.412 CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates and correlated color temperature (CCT) of 4400 K, was achieved in the Dy3+ singly doped glass excited at 388 nm. The Dy3+/Eu3+ co-doped glass exhibited warm, neutral and soft warm white emissions with CCT values of 3435, 4153 and 2740 K, under excitations at 382, 388 and 393 nm, respectively, depending mainly on the Dy3+ and Eu3+ relative excitation. The Dy3+ excitation bands observed in the Dy3+/Eu3+ glass by monitoring the 611 nm Eu3+ emission, suggest that Dy3+ → Eu3+ energy transfer takes place, despite the fact that the Dy3+ emission decays in the Dy3+ and Dy3+/Eu3+ doped glass, remain without changes. The shortening of Eu3+ decay in presence of Dy3+ was attributed to an Eu3+ → Dy3+ non-radiative energy transfer process, which according with the Inokuti-Hirayama model might be dominated through an electric quadrupole-quadrupole interaction, with efficiency and probability of 5.5% and 51.6 s-1, respectively.

  7. Endoplasmic reticulum: ER stress regulates mitochondrial bioenergetics

    PubMed Central

    Bravo, Roberto; Gutierrez, Tomás; Paredes, Felipe; Gatica, Damián; Rodriguez, Andrea E.; Pedrozo, Zully; Chiong, Mario; Parra, Valentina; Quest, Andrew F.G.; Rothermel, Beverly A.; Lavandero, Sergio

    2014-01-01

    Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress activates an adaptive unfolded protein response (UPR) that facilitates cellular repair, however, under prolonged ER stress, the UPR can ultimately trigger apoptosis thereby terminating damaged cells. The molecular mechanisms responsible for execution of the cell death program are relatively well characterized, but the metabolic events taking place during the adaptive phase of ER stress remain largely undefined. Here we discuss emerging evidence regarding the metabolic changes that occur during the onset of ER stress and how ER influences mitochondrial function through mechanisms involving calcium transfer, thereby facilitating cellular adaptation. Finally, we highlight how dysregulation of ER–mitochondrial calcium homeostasis during prolonged ER stress is emerging as a novel mechanism implicated in the onset of metabolic disorders. PMID:22064245

  8. Magnetization reversal mechanism of a sintered Nd-Fe-B magnet with Dy segregation

    SciTech Connect

    Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Satsu, Yuichi; Komuro, Matahiro; Kohashi, Teruo; Motai, Kumi

    2011-04-01

    The magnetization reversal mechanism of a sintered Nd-Fe-B magnet with Dy segregation near grain boundaries (GB) was studied using spin polarized scanning electron spectroscopy and magnetization measurements. More fine magnetic domains near GB were found in the magnet with Dy segregation than in the magnet without treatment. Magnetic modifications near the GB had no effect on the magnetization development. The domain wall motion of a quasihard magnetic component in the magnet with Dy segregation was suppressed in comparison with those in the magnet without treatment; this could also be confirmed in the different behaviors of asymmetry components toward a magnetic field direction between both magnets. From analyzing the probability of rotating magnetization near the GB, the magnetization reversal of the magnet with Dy segregation was more difficult to produce than those of the magnet without treatment.

  9. Simultaneous occurrence of multiferroism and short-range magnetic order in DyFeO3

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, Jinchen; Liu, Juanjuan; Sheng, Jieming; ...

    2016-04-06

    In this paper, we present a combined neutron scattering and magnetization study on the multiferroic DyFeO3, which shows a very strong magnetoelectric effect. Applying magnetic field along the c axis, the weak ferromagnetic order of the Fe ions is quickly recovered from a spin reorientation transition, and the long-range antiferromagnetic order of Dy becomes a short-range one. We found that the short-range order concurs with the multiferroic phase and is responsible for its sizable hysteresis. In conclusion, our H-T phase diagram suggests that the strong magnetoelectric effect in DyFeO3 has to be understood with not only the weak ferromagnetism ofmore » Fe but also the short-range antiferromagnetic order of Dy.« less

  10. Temperature dependent selectivity towards ethanol and acetone of Dy3+-doped In2O3 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anand, Kanica; Kaur, Jasmeet; Singh, Ravi Chand; Thangaraj, Rengasamy

    2017-02-01

    In this paper, the influence of Dy3+ doping on the sensor response (SR) and selectivity of In2O3 sensors for selective detection of ethanol and acetone has been studied. (0, 1, 5, 10%) Dy3+-doped In2O3 nanoparticles has been prepared employing a co-precipitation method and characterized by XRD, RAMAN, TEM, EDS and Photoluminescence studies. It has been observed that Dy3+ doping inhibits the nanoparticles growth and increases the lattice constant, structural disorder, activation energy, defect concentration and surface basicity. The highest SR for 10% Dy3+-doped In2O3 sensor has been ascribed to small size, high defects, high surface basicity and large lattice distortion.

  11. White emission phosphors based on Dy3+-doped into anhydrous rare-earth benzenetricarboxylate complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silva, Ivan G. N.; Kai, Jiang; Felinto, Maria C. F. C.; Brito, Hermi F.

    2013-03-01

    White light emitting rare earth anhydrous complexes RE(TMA):Dy3+ (RE3+ = Y3+ and Lu3+) containing the trimesic acid ligands (TMA) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction patterns, thermogravimetric analysis and infrared spectroscopy. The crystallinity and thermostability of these luminescent materials were determined. Since the first excited triplet state (T1: 24,000 cm-1) of TMA ligand is located at higher energy than the main emitting 4F9/2 level (21,000 cm-1) of the Dy3+ ion, TMA can act as efficient luminescent sensitizer in the intramolecular energy transfer of RE(TMA):Dy3+ material. The near-white emission colour originated from the intraconfigurational transitions of Dy3+ ion 4F9/2→6HJ is discussed.

  12. Luminescence characteristics of Sr 4Al 14O 25:Eu,Dy under proton irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toh, K.; Nagata, S.; Tsuchiya, B.; Shikama, T.

    2006-08-01

    Fluorescence and long lasting emission properties of Sr4Al14O25:Eu, Dy were examined under proton irradiation by varying incident energy. The fluorescence spectra have three strong peaks at 400, 480 and 570 nm. The first two peaks are attributed to the luminescence of Eu2+ and exhibit the long lasting property. The peak at 570 nm is attributed to the luminescence of Dy3+; it exhibits no luminescence after the irradiation has been stopped. The fluorescence intensity ratio of Eu2+/Dy3+ exhibits incident energy dependence, and its value increases with an increase in the proton energy. Radiation damages also exhibits incident energy dependence. Therefore, Sr4Al14O25:Eu, Dy exhibits a potential of being employed to identify the incident proton energy. Long lasting emission has some decay time components and the longest one is unaltered by proton energy.

  13. Tailoring of magnetic properties of ultrathin epitaxial Fe films by Dy doping

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, A. A.; Figueroa, A. I.; Laan, G. van der; Hesjedal, T.

    2015-07-15

    We report on the controlled modification of relaxation parameters and magnetic moments of epitaxial Fe thin films through Dy doping. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements show that an increase of Dy doping from 0.1% to 5% gives a tripling in Gilbert damping, and more importantly a strongly enhanced anisotropic damping that can be qualitatively understood through the slow-relaxing impurity model. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements show a pronounced suppression of the orbital moment of the Fe with Dy doping, leading to an almost threefold drop in the orbital to spin moment ratio, m{sub l}/m{sub s}. Doping with Dy can therefore be used to control both dynamic and static properties of thin ferromagnetic films for improved performance in spintronics device applications, mediated through the antiferromagnetic interaction of the 4f and 3d states.

  14. Effects of Dy sub lattice dilution on transport and magnetic properties in Dy1-xKxMnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yadagiri, K.; Nithya, R.; Shukla, Neeraj; Satya, A. T.

    2017-03-01

    Interaction of multiple oxidation states of manganese ions with rare earth ions in manganites leads to the observation of various magnetic ground states. To understand the effect of average ionic size on electrical conductivity and magnetic ground state properties in Dy1-xKxMnO3 (x=0.0, 0.1, 0.2 & 0.3), we have investigated electron transport as a function of temperature and magnetic properties as a function of temperature, frequency and magnetic field of these compounds. Although mixed valent manganese ions can facilitate a double exchange interaction via oxygen ion leading to a ferromagnetic metallic ground state, no insulator-metal transition was detected. On the other hand, in the compounds with x=0.0 to 0.2, transport properties suggested an adiabatic small polaron hopping conduction mechanism. However, x=0.3 compound followed a variable range hopping conduction. Temperature variation of magnetization data exhibited three different types of transitions involving Mn and Dy ions. The bifurcation between zero field cooled and field cooled magnetization data was observed in all the compounds. Field-dependent magnetization of all the compounds showed hysteresis loops for temperatures less than 10 K. Although large irreversibility between zero field cooled and field cooled magnetization data was observed with a peak for x=0.3, the peak temperatures did not alter with frequency ruling out the possibility of spin glass behavior. The presence of hysteresis loops and lack of saturation magnetization implied the simultaneous presence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions well within the antiferromagnetic ordering of Mn ions.

  15. Report on the Photometric Observations of the Variable Stars DH Pegasi, DY Pegasi, and RZ Cephei

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abu-Sharkh, I.; Fang, S.; Mehta, S.; Pham, D.

    2014-12-01

    We report 872 observations on two RR Lyrae variable stars, DH Pegasi and RZ Cephei, and on one SX Phoenicis variable, DY Pegasi. This paper discusses the methodology of our measurements, the light curves, magnitudes, epochs, and epoch prediction of the above stars. We also derived the period of DY Pegasi. All measurements and analyses are compared with prior publications and known values from multiple databases.

  16. Modulation of homochiral Dy(III) complexes: single-molecule magnets with ferroelectric properties.

    PubMed

    Li, Xi-Li; Chen, Chun-Lai; Gao, Yu-Liang; Liu, Cai-Ming; Feng, Xiang-Li; Gui, Yang-Hai; Fang, Shao-Ming

    2012-11-12

    Homochiral Dy(III) complexes: by changing the ligand-to-metal ratio, enantiomeric pairs of a Dy(III) complex of different nuclearity could be obtained. The mono- and dinuclear complexes exhibit characteristics of single-molecule magnets and different slow magnetic relaxation processes. In addition, the dinuclear complexes exhibit ferroelectric behavior, thus representing the first chiral polynuclear lanthanide-based single-molecule magnets with ferroelectric properties.

  17. Research on the properties of dope-dyed bamboo pulp staple fibers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Y. J.

    2016-07-01

    In order to understand the properties of the dope-dyed bamboo pulp staple fibers, the moisture regains, tensile properties, friction properties and electrical conductivity of them and the white bamboo pulp fiber were tested, compared and analyzed. The results show that the moisture regains of the dope-dyed bamboo pulp fibers are smaller than the white bamboo pulp fiber's, whereas their friction coefficients, breaking strengths and elongations and mass ratio resistances are a bit larger.

  18. An Undecanuclear Ferrimagnetic Cu9Dy2 Single Molecule Magnet Achieved through Ligand Fine-Tuning.

    PubMed

    Kühne, Irina A; Kostakis, George E; Anson, Christopher E; Powell, Annie K

    2016-05-02

    We describe the concept of increasing the nuclearity of a previously reported high-spin Cu5Gd2 core using a "fine-tuning" ligand approach. Thus, two Cu9Ln2 coordination clusters, with Ln = Dy (1) and Gd (2), were synthesized with the Gd compound having a ground spin state of (17)/2 and the Dy analogue showing single-molecule-magnet behavior in zero field.

  19. From a Dy(III) single molecule magnet (SMM) to a ferromagnetic [Mn(II)Dy(III)Mn(II)] trinuclear complex.

    PubMed

    Bhunia, Asamanjoy; Gamer, Michael T; Ungur, Liviu; Chibotaru, Liviu F; Powell, Annie K; Lan, Yanhua; Roesky, Peter W; Menges, Fabian; Riehn, Christoph; Niedner-Schatteburg, Gereon

    2012-09-17

    The Schiff base compound 2,2'-{[(2-aminoethyl)imino]bis[2,1-ethanediyl-nitriloethylidyne]}bis-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid (H(4)L) as a proligand was prepared in situ. This proligand has three potential coordination pockets which make it possible to accommodate from one to three metal ions allowing for the possible formation of mono-, di-, and trinuclear complexes. Reaction of in situ prepared H(4)L with Dy(NO(3))(3)·5H(2)O resulted in the formation of a mononuclear complex [Dy(H(3)L)(2)](NO(3))·(EtOH)·8(H(2)O) (1), which shows SMM behavior. In contrast, reaction of in situ prepared H(4)L with Mn(ClO(4))(2)·6H(2)O and Dy(NO(3))(3)·5H(2)O in the presence of a base resulted in a trinuclear mixed 3d-4f complex (NHEt(3))(2)[Dy{Mn(L)}(2)](ClO(4))·2(H(2)O) (2). At low temperatures, compound 2 is a weak ferromagnet. Thus, the SMM behavior of compound 1 can be switched off by incorporating two Mn(II) ions in close proximity either side of the Dy(III). This quenching behavior is ascribed to the presence of the weak ferromagnetic interactions between the Mn(II) and Dy(III) ions, which at T > 2 K act as a fluctuating field causing the reversal of magnetization on the dysprosium ion. Mass spectrometric ion signals related to compounds 1 and 2 were both detected in positive and negative ion modes via electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) reactions with ND(3) were performed in a FT-ICR Penning-trap mass spectrometer.

  20. Mo{sub 2}NiB{sub 2}-type (Gd, Tb, Dy){sub 2}Ni{sub 2.35}Si{sub 0.65} and La{sub 2}Ni{sub 3}-type (Dy, Ho){sub 2}Ni{sub 2.5}Si{sub 0.5} compounds: Crystal structure and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Morozkin, A.V.; Isnard, O.; Nirmala, R.; Malik, S.K.

    2015-05-15

    earth compounds. The variation of alloy’s composition by ~3 at% i.e. from Dy{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.35}Si{sub 0.65} to Dy{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.5}Si{sub 0.5} leads to significant transformation of crystal structure of compound with different variant of distortion of Po-type rare earth sublattice, as in Gd–Co–Ga and Er–Ni–In systems: the Mo{sub 2}NiB{sub 2}-type Gd{sub 2}Co{sub 2}Ga and La{sub 2}Ni{sub 3}-type Gd{sub 2}Co{sub 2.9}Ga{sub 0.1}, and Mo{sub 2}FeB{sub 2}-type Er{sub 2}Ni{sub 1.78}In and Mn{sub 2}AlB{sub 2}-type Er{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}In. Magnetization measurements indicate collinear ferromagnetic ordering of Mo{sub 2}NiB{sub 2}-type Gd{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.35}Si{sub 0.65} and a complex antiferromagnetic ordering with low-temperature metamagnetic nature for Mo{sub 2}NiB{sub 2}-type Tb{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.35}Si{sub 0.65} compounds. However, neutron diffraction study in zero applied field of Tb{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.35}Si{sub 0.65} reveals c-axis pure antiferromagnetic ordering of terbium sublattice with K=[1/2, 0, 1/2] propagation vector. Magnetization measurements indicate ferromagnetic order with coexisting antiferromagnetic interactions and low-temperature metamagnetic state for La{sub 2}Ni{sub 3}-type Dy{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.5}Si{sub 0.5}. We suggest possible polymorphism in other Mo{sub 2}FeB{sub 2}-type, Mo{sub 2}NiB{sub 2}-type, La{sub 2}Ni{sub 3}-type and Mn{sub 2}AlB{sub 2}-type rare earth compounds with corresponding change in their magnetic properties. - Highlights: • (Gd, Tb, Dy){sub 2}Ni{sub 2.35}Si{sub 0.65} compounds crystallize in the Mo{sub 2}NiB{sub 2}-type structure. • (Dy, Ho){sub 2}Ni{sub 2.5}Si{sub 0.5} compounds crystallize in the La{sub 2}Ni{sub 3}-type structure. • Gd{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.35}Si{sub 0.65} shows pure ferromagnetic type ordering. • Tb{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.35}Si{sub 0.65} and Dy{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.5}Si{sub 0.5} show mixed ferro-antiferromagnetic ordering. • Tb{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.35}Si{sub 0.65} and Dy{sub 2}Ni{sub 2.5}Si{sub 0.5} exhibit low-temperature metamagnetic

  1. Probing the magnetic relaxation and magnetic moment arrangement in a series of Dy4 squares.

    PubMed

    Wu, Jianfeng; Lin, Shuang-Yan; Shen, Si; Li, Xiao-Lei; Zhao, Lang; Zhang, Li; Tang, Jinkui

    2017-01-31

    Three μ4-O bridged Dy4 squares, {[Dy4(μ4-O)(HL(1))4(H2O)4]2(NO3)3(OH)}·2H2O·2CH3OH (1), [Dy4(μ4-O)(HL(2))4(SCN)2]·2H2O·4CH3OH (2) and [Dy4(μ4-O)(H2L(3))2(SCN)2]·6H2O (3) were assembled by using a Schiff base ligand and its dimerized and reduced congener, respectively. These complexes share a similar μ4-O bridged Dy4 core, while, both the coordination geometry and metal-ligand interactions are slightly changed upon the modulation of the ligands, resulting in distinct single-molecular magnetic (SMM) and single-molecular toroic (SMT) properties. In complex 1, the Schiff base ligands are in an antiparallel fashion and all Dy(III) ions are in a similar coordination geometry, realizing the toroidal arrangement of magnetic moments. For complex 2, the reduced ligand H3L(2) in a parallel fashion results in double relaxation processes and a 9-fold increase of the Ueff. Interestingly, with the use of the dimerized ligand H6L(3), we obtained complex 3, which is similar to complex 2, while due to the slight changes of the coordination environment both the single molecular magnetic property and toroidal magnetic moments almost disappeared.

  2. Multiple magnetic transitions in Ag-substituted DyPt2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arora, Parul; Chattopadhyay, M. K.; Sharath Chandra, L. S.; Sharma, V. K.; Roy, S. B.

    2012-08-01

    We show that the partial substitution of Ag in place of Pt in the cubic Laves phase ferromagnetic (below 9.2 K) compound DyPt2 leads to multiple temperature and field induced magnetic phase transitions. We study these phase transitions in details in a Dy(Pt0.94Ag0.06)2 alloy with the help of magnetization and specific heat measurements. One of the magnetic transitions produces an unusually sharp peak in the temperature dependence of heat capacity of Dy(Pt0.94Ag0.06)2, which is not observed in either of the parent compounds DyPt2 or DyAg2. The shape of this peak resembles those observed in the temperature dependence of heat capacity of the rare earth elements and some rare-earth based alloys and compounds across first order magnetic transitions accompanied by magneto-elastic effects and structural changes. The magnetic properties of Dy(Pt0.94Ag0.06)2 are analyzed in terms of the enhancement of crystal field effect and quadrupolar interactions. Large magneto-elastic coupling resulting from these interactions and changes in the electronic density of states near Fermi level because of the chemical substitution seem to introduce into the system the temperature and field induced multiple magnetic phase transitions mentioned above.

  3. The ER Stress Surveillance (ERSU) pathway regulates daughter cell ER protein aggregate inheritance

    PubMed Central

    Piña, Francisco J; Niwa, Maho

    2015-01-01

    Stress induced by cytoplasmic protein aggregates can have deleterious consequences for the cell, contributing to neurodegeneration and other diseases. Protein aggregates are also formed within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), although the fate of ER protein aggregates, specifically during cell division, is not well understood. By simultaneous visualization of both the ER itself and ER protein aggregates, we found that ER protein aggregates that induce ER stress are retained in the mother cell by activation of the ER Stress Surveillance (ERSU) pathway, which prevents inheritance of stressed ER. In contrast, under conditions of normal ER inheritance, ER protein aggregates can enter the daughter cell. Thus, whereas cytoplasmic protein aggregates are retained in the mother cell to protect the functional capacity of daughter cells, the fate of ER protein aggregates is determined by whether or not they activate the ERSU pathway to impede transmission of the cortical ER during the cell cycle. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06970.001 PMID:26327697

  4. High temperature luminescence of Dy3+ in crystalline silicon in the optical communication and eye-safe spectral regions.

    PubMed

    Lourenço, M A; Mustafa, Z; Ludurczak, W; Wong, L; Gwilliam, R M; Homewood, K P

    2013-09-15

    We report on photoluminescence in the 1.3 and 1.7 μm spectral ranges in silicon doped with dysprosium. This is attributed to the Dy3+ internal transitions between the second Dy3+ excited state and the ground state, and between the third Dy3+ excited state and the ground state. Luminescence is achieved by Dy implantation into Si substrates codoped with boron, to form dislocation loops, and show a strong dependence on fabrication process. The spectra consist of several sharp lines with the strongest emission at 1736 nm, observed up to 200 K. No Dy3+ luminescence is observed in samples without B codoping, showing the paramount importance of dislocation loops to enable the Dy emission.

  5. Crystallographic and magnetic properties of (Nd,Dy) 3Fe 27.5(Ti,Mo) 1.5 compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, S. B.; Liu, X. F.; Lv, J. Y.; Peng, J.; Hao, Y. M.; Li, X. J.; Chen, D. F.; Xue, Y. J.; Li, J. H.; Hu, Z. B.

    2006-06-01

    A systematic study of the formation, structure and magnetic properties of (Nd,Dy) 3Fe 27.5(Ti,Mo) 1.5 compounds has been performed. Rietveld analyses of the X-ray patterns of the samples indicate that the concentrations of Ti and Mo affect the formation and structural properties slightly, whereas different rare-earth (Nd and Dy) contents influence them significantly. It is found that high Dy contents make it difficult to form the 3:29-type structures. The Curie temperatures of Nd 2.1Dy 0.9Fe 27.5Ti 1.5-xMo x decrease monotonically as more Ti was replaced by Mo but their saturation magnetizations remain almost unchanged; in contrast, for Nd 3-yDy yFe 27.5TiMo 0.5, their saturation magnetizations decrease monotonically with increasing Dy contents while their Curie temperatures are constant.

  6. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of CaSO 4:Dy thermoluminescent phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bakshi, A. K.; Jha, S. N.; Olivi, L.; Phase, D. M.; Kher, R. K.; Bhattacharyya, D.

    2007-11-01

    Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements have been carried out on CaSO4:Dy phosphor samples at the Dy L3 edge with synchrotron radiation. Measurements were carried out on a set of samples which were subjected to post-preparation annealing at different temperatures and for different cycles. The EXAFS data have been analysed to find the Dy-S and Dy-O bond lengths in the neighbourhood of the Dy atoms in a CaSO4 matrix. The observations from EXAFS measurements were verified with XANES and XPS techniques. On the basis of these measurements, efforts were made to explain the loss of thermoluminescence sensitivity of CaSO4:Dy phosphors after repeated cycles of annealing at 400 °C in air for 1 h.

  7. Substrate oxidation by dye-decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs) from wood- and litter-degrading agaricomycetes compared to other fungal and plant heme-peroxidases.

    PubMed

    Liers, Christiane; Pecyna, Marek J; Kellner, Harald; Worrich, Anja; Zorn, Holger; Steffen, Kari T; Hofrichter, Martin; Ullrich, René

    2013-07-01

    Catalytic and physicochemical properties of representative fungal dye-decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs) of wood- (WRF) and litter-decomposing white-rot fungi (LDF) are summarized and compared, including one recombinant Mycetinis scorodonius DyP (rMscDyP; LDF), the wild-type Auricularia auricula-judae DyP (AauDyP; WRF), and two new DyPs secreted by the jelly fungi Exidia glandulosa (EglDyP; WRF) and Mycena epipterygia (MepDyP; LDF). Homogeneous preparations of these DyPs were obtained after different steps of fast protein liquid chromatography, and they increase the total number of characterized fungal DyP proteins to eight. The peptide sequences of AauDyP, MepDyP, and EglDyP showed highest homologies (52-56%) to the DyPs of M. scorodonius. Five out of the eight characterized fungal DyPs were used to evaluate their catalytic properties compared to classic fungal and plant heme peroxidases, namely lignin peroxidase of Phanerochaete chrysosporium (PchLiP; WRF), versatile peroxidase of Bjerkandera adusta (BadVP; WRF), and generic peroxidases of Coprinopsis cinerea (CiP) and Glycine max (soybean peroxidase=SBP). All DyPs tested possess unique properties regarding the stability at low pH values: 50-90% enzymatic activity remained after 4-h exposition at pH 2.5, and the oxidation of nonphenolic aromatic substrates (lignin model compounds) was optimal below pH 3. Furthermore, all DyPs efficiently oxidized recalcitrant dyes (e.g., Azure B) as well as the phenolic substrate 2,6-dimethoxyphenol. Thus, DyPs combine features of different peroxidases on the functional level and may be part of the biocatalytic system secreted by fungi for the oxidation of lignin and/or toxic aromatic compounds.

  8. BOREAS Level-0 ER-2 Aerial Photography

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Newcomer, Jeffrey A.; Dominquez, Roseanne; Hall, Forrest G. (Editor)

    2000-01-01

    For BOReal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS), the ER-2 and other aerial photography was collected to provide finely detailed and spatially extensive documentation of the condition of the primary study sites. The ER-2 aerial photography consists of color-IR transparencies collected during flights in 1994 and 1996 over the study areas.

  9. Lifetime measurements and shape coexistence in {sup 144}Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Procter, M. G.; Cullen, D. M.; Niclasen, B.; Mason, P. J. R.; Rigby, S. V.; Dare, J. A.; Lumley, N. M.; Scholey, C.; Greenlees, P. T.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P. M.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Leino, M.; Nyman, M.; Puurunen, A.; Rahkila, P.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Saren, J.

    2010-05-15

    The known level scheme of {sup 144}Dy has been extended and lifetime measurements have been made with the recoil-distance Doppler-shift method. Reduced transition probabilities and deformations have been determined for four low-lying transitions. These states form part of the first observed band crossing, giving information on the change in nuclear deformation resulting from the rearrangement of h{sub 11/2} protons in the nucleus. Two bands built upon excited 10{sup +} states have been assigned pi(h{sub 11/2}){sup 2} prolate and nu(h{sub 11/2}){sup -2} oblate configurations with tau=12(2)ps and 0.01

  10. Lifetime measurements and shape coexistence in Dy144

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Procter, M. G.; Cullen, D. M.; Scholey, C.; Niclasen, B.; Mason, P. J. R.; Rigby, S. V.; Dare, J. A.; Dewald, A.; Greenlees, P. T.; Iwasaki, H.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P. M.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Leino, M.; Lumley, N. M.; Möller, O.; Nyman, M.; Peura, P.; Pissulla, T.; Puurunen, A.; Rahkila, P.; Rother, W.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Sarén, J.; Sorri, J.; Uusitalo, J.

    2010-05-01

    The known level scheme of Dy144 has been extended and lifetime measurements have been made with the recoil-distance Doppler-shift method. Reduced transition probabilities and deformations have been determined for four low-lying transitions. These states form part of the first observed band crossing, giving information on the change in nuclear deformation resulting from the rearrangement of h11/2 protons in the nucleus. Two bands built upon excited 10+ states have been assigned π(h11/2)2 prolate and ν(h11/2)-2 oblate configurations with τ=12(2)ps and 0.01<τ≲16ns, respectively. These long lifetimes are reasoned to be a result of shape coexistence at low energy and moderate spin. A known four-quasiparticle dipole band has been extended to higher spin and lifetime measurements suggest a long-lived bandhead state. In this case, the excited states in the band may be consistent with a shears model interpretation of a magnetic dipole rotor. However, the measured B(M1)/B(E2) branching ratios reveal a larger than expected deformed rotational component compared with that in the analogous band in the lower mass isotone Gd142.

  11. High current DyBCO-ROEBEL Assembled Coated Conductor (RACC)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldacker, W.; Nast, R.; Kotzyba, G.; Schlachter, S. I.; Frank, A.; Ringsdorf, B.; Schmidt, C.; Komarek, P.

    2006-06-01

    Low AC loss high transport current HTS cables (>1 kA) are required for application in transformers, generators and are considered for future generations of fusion reactors coils. 2G coated conductors are suitable candidates for high field application at quite high operation temperatures of 50-77 K, which is crucial precondition for economical cooling costs. As a feasibility study we present the first ROEBEL bar cable of approx. 35 cm length made from industrial DyBCO coated conductor (THEVA GmbH, Germany). Meander shaped ROEBEL strands of 4 mm width with a twist pitch of 180 mm were cut from 10 mm wide CC tapes using a specially designed tool. The strands carried in average 157 Amps/cm-width DC and were assembled to a subcable with 5 strands and a final cable with 16 strands. The 5 strand cable was tested and carried a transport current of >300 Amps DC at 77 K, equivalent to the sum of the individual strand transport critical currents. The 16 strand cable carried 500 A limited through heating effects and non sufficient stabilisation and current sharing. A pulse current load indicated a current carrying potential of >1 kA for the 16 strand cable.

  12. Facile synthesis, structural characterization, and photoluminescence mechanism of Dy3+ doped YVO4 and Ca2+ co-doped YVO4:Dy3+ nano-lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhiren Meetei, Sanoujam; Deben Singh, Mutum; Dorendrajit Singh, Shougaijam

    2014-05-01

    Light plays a vital role in the evolution of life. From sunlight to candle-light and then to other form of lighting devices, human beings are utilizing light since time immemorial. Lighting devices such as conventional incandescent lamp and fluorescent lamp have been replaced by Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for the later is cheap, durable, etc. Now-a-days, phosphor converted LEDs have been burning issues in the fabrication of lighting devices. Especially, lanthanide ion(s) doped phosphors are of great interest for the same. However, doped phosphors have a limitation of luminescence quenching, i.e., instead of increasing luminescence on increasing dopant concentration, the luminescence decreases. Therefore, it must be rectified by one or other means so as to get maximum desirable intensity for uses in display or lighting devices. In the present work, YVO4:Dy3+ and YVO4:Dy3+/Ca2+ nano-lattices are synthesized by a facile technique. Structural characterizations such as x-ray diffraction, SEM, TEM, HRTEM, and Selected Area Electron Diffraction (SAED) of the samples are reported. Photoluminescence (PL) excitation and emission, enhanced mechanism, and lifetime are thoroughly discussed. PL intensity of the quenched YVO4:Dy3+ is made increased up to 432.63% by Ca2+ co-doping. Role of the Ca2+ on the luminescence enhanced mechanism of YVO4:Dy3+/Ca2+ is elucidated.

  13. Facilitative plasma membrane transporters function during ER transit

    PubMed Central

    Takanaga, Hitomi; Frommer, Wolf B.

    2010-01-01

    Although biochemical studies suggested a high permeability of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane for small molecules, proteomics identified few specialized ER transporters. To test functionality of transporters during ER passage, we tested whether glucose transporters (GLUTs, SGLTs) destined for the plasma membrane are active during ER transit. HepG2 cells were characterized by low-affinity ER transport activity, suggesting that ER uptake is protein mediated. The much-reduced capacity of HEK293T cells to take up glucose across the plasma membrane correlated with low ER transport. Ectopic expression of GLUT1, -2, -4, or -9 induced GLUT isoform-specific ER transport activity in HEK293T cells. In contrast, the Na+-glucose cotransporter SGLT1 mediated efficient plasma membrane glucose transport but no detectable ER uptake, probably because of lack of a sufficient sodium gradient across the ER membrane. In conclusion, we demonstrate that GLUTs are sufficient for mediating ER glucose transport en route to the plasma membrane. Because of the low volume of the ER, trace amounts of these uniporters contribute to ER solute import during ER transit, while uniporters and cation-coupled transporters carry out export from the ER, together potentially explaining the low selectivity of ER transport. Expression levels and residence time of transporters in the ER, as well as their coupling mechanisms, could be key determinants of ER permeability.—Takanaga, H., Frommer, W. B. Facilitative plasma membrane transporters function during ER transit. PMID:20354141

  14. Introducing Eu2+ into yellow phosphor LiBaB9O15:Ce3+, Dy3+ as blue emitting source to realize white emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Ting; Li, Panlai; Fu, Nian; Wang, Zhijun; Xu, Shuchao; Bai, Qiongyu; Yang, Zhiping

    2017-04-01

    A series of Dy3+, Ce3+/Dy3+, Eu2+/Dy3+ and Ce3+/Eu2+/Dy3+ doping LiBaB9O15 (LBB) phosphors were synthesized via a high temperature solid-state method. LBB:Dy3+ cannot create light under ultraviolet radiation, however, LBB:Ce3+, Dy3+ can produce yellow emission under 295 nm excitation. The energy transfer occurs from Ce3+ to Dy3+ ions via electric dipole-dipole interaction and the critical distance is estimated to be 21.15 Å based on concentration quenching model. Generally, Eu2+ ion is a sensitizer to Dy3+ ion, however, there is only the emission of Eu2+ in LBB:Eu2+, Dy3+, which means there is no energy transfer from Eu2+ to Dy3+ ions. Interestingly enough, when doping Eu2+ ion into LBB:Ce3+, Dy3+, white emission can be achieved by increase the blue (350-425 nm) emission intensity. The spectral property, quantum efficiency, CIE chromaticity coordinates and thermal quenching property of LBB:Ce3+, Eu2+, Dy3+ are investigated. The results indicate that LBB:Ce3+, Eu2+, Dy3+ may be a potential application to white light emitting diodes.

  15. Electroreduction of Er 3+ in nonaqueous solvents

    DOE PAGES

    Small, Leo J.; Sears, Jeremiah M.; Lambert, Timothy N.; ...

    2016-09-15

    Here, the electroreduction of Er3+ in propylene carbonate, N,N-dimethylformamide, or a variety of quaternary ammonium ionic liquids (ILs) was investigated using [Er(OTf)3] and [Er(NTf2)3]. Systematic variation of the ILs' cation and anion, Er3+ salt, and electrode material revealed a disparity in electrochemical interactions not previously seen. For most ILs at a platinum electrode, cyclic voltammetry exhibits irreversible interactions between Er3+ salts and the electrode at potentials significantly less than the theoretical reduction potential for Er3+. Throughout all solvent–salt systems tested, a deposit could be formed on the electrode, though obtaining a high purity, crystalline Er0 deposit is challenging due tomore » the extreme reactivity of the deposit and resulting chemical interactions, often resulting in the formation of a complex, amorphous solid–electrolyte interface that slowed deposition rates. Comparison of platinum, gold, nickel, and glassy carbon (GC) working electrodes revealed oxidation processes unique to the platinum surface. While no appreciable reduction current was observed on GC at the potentials investigated, deposits were seen on platinum, gold, and nickel electrodes.« less

  16. Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4}

    SciTech Connect

    Chemingui, S.; Ferhi, M. Horchani-Naifer, K.; Férid, M.

    2014-09-15

    Polycrystalline powders of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} polyphosphate have been grown by the flux method. This compound was found to be isotopic with NH{sub 4}Ce(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and RbHo(PO{sub 3}){sub 4}. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1/n} with unit cell parameters a=10.474(6) Å, b=9.011(4) Å, c=10.947(7) Å and β=106.64(3)°. The title compound has been transformed to triphosphate Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} after calcination at 800 °C. Powder X-ray diffraction, infrared and Raman spectroscopies and the differential thermal analysis have been used to identify these materials. The spectroscopic properties have been investigated through absorption, excitation, emission spectra and decay curves of Dy{sup 3+} ion in both compounds at room temperature. The emission spectra show the characteristic emission bands of Dy{sup 3+} in the two compounds, before and after calcination. The integrated emission intensity ratios of the yellow to blue (I{sub Y}/I{sub B}) transitions and the chromaticity properties have been determined from emission spectra. The decay curves are found to be double-exponential. The non-exponential behavior of the decay rates was related to the resonant energy transfer as well as cross-relaxation between the donor and acceptor Dy{sup 3+} ions. The determined properties have been discussed as function of crystal structure of both compounds. They reveal that NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} is promising for white light generation but Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} is potential candidates in field emission display (FED) and plasma display panel (PDP) devices. - Graphical abstract: The CIE color coordinate diagrams showing the chromatic coordinates of Dy{sup 3+} luminescence in NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3}. - Highlights: • The polycrystalline powders of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} are synthesized. • The obtained powders are characterized. • The spectroscopic properties of Dy{sup 3+} ion

  17. Size-dependent structure and magnetic properties of DyMnO{sub 3} nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Cai, Xuan; Shi, Lei Zhou, Shiming; Zhao, Jiyin; Guo, Yuqiao; Wang, Cailin

    2014-09-14

    The structure and magnetic properties of orthorhombic DyMnO{sub 3} nanoparticles with different particle sizes are investigated in this paper. With decreasing particle size, all the lattice parameters a, b, and c gradually decrease, whereas the orthorhombic distortion increases. Magnetic measurements reveal that the antiferromagnetic interaction of Mn ions is weakened due to the decrease in Mn-O-Mn bond angle. Above a critical field H*, DyMnO{sub 3} undergoes a field-induced metamagnetic transition at 4 K, which is related to the spin reversal of Dy moments. The critical field H* increases monotonically with size reduction, indicating an enhancement of the antiferromagnetic interaction of Dy ions due to the decreased distance between rare earth ions. The magnetization at 4 K and 5 T, i.e., M(4 K, 5 T) shows a non-monotonic variation with particle size d, i.e., M(4 K, 5 T) initially increases with size reduction but decreases again for d < 68 nm. A modified core-shell model, in which the ferromagnetic ordering (Dy magnetic structure) and antiferromagnetic ordering (Mn magnetic structure) coexist in the core, is proposed to explain this behavior.

  18. Magnetic structure and spin reorientation of quaternary Dy2Fe2Si2C.

    PubMed

    Susilo, R A; Cadogan, J M; Hutchison, W D; Stewart, G A; Avdeev, M; Campbell, S J

    2017-03-22

    We have investigated the low temperature magnetic properties of Dy2Fe2Si2C by using magnetisation, specific heat, x-ray diffraction, neutron powder diffraction and (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy measurements over the temperature range 1.5 K-300 K. Dy2Fe2Si2C exhibits two magnetic transitions at low temperatures: an antiferromagnetic transition at [Formula: see text] K and a spin-reorientation transition at [Formula: see text] K. The magnetic structure above T t can be described with a propagation vector [Formula: see text] with the ordering of the Dy magnetic moments along the monoclinic b-axis whereas on cooling below T t the Dy moment tips away from the b-axis towards the ac-plane. We find that the spin-reorientation in Dy2Fe2Si2C is mainly driven by the competition between the second-order crystal field term B 20 and the higher-order terms, in particular B 40 and B 64.

  19. Magnetic structure and spin reorientation of quaternary Dy2Fe2Si2C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Susilo, R. A.; Cadogan, J. M.; Hutchison, W. D.; Stewart, G. A.; Avdeev, M.; Campbell, S. J.

    2017-03-01

    We have investigated the low temperature magnetic properties of Dy2Fe2Si2C by using magnetisation, specific heat, x-ray diffraction, neutron powder diffraction and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy measurements over the temperature range 1.5 K–300 K. Dy2Fe2Si2C exhibits two magnetic transitions at low temperatures: an antiferromagnetic transition at {{T}\\text{N}}∼ 26 K and a spin-reorientation transition at {{T}t}∼ 6 K. The magnetic structure above T t can be described with a propagation vector \\mathbf{k}~=~≤ft(0~0~\\frac{1}{2}\\right) with the ordering of the Dy magnetic moments along the monoclinic b-axis whereas on cooling below T t the Dy moment tips away from the b-axis towards the ac-plane. We find that the spin-reorientation in Dy2Fe2Si2C is mainly driven by the competition between the second-order crystal field term B 20 and the higher-order terms, in particular B 40 and B 64.

  20. Deficiency of merosin in dystrophic dy mouse homologue of congenital muscular dystrophy

    SciTech Connect

    Sunada, Y.; Campbell, K.P.; Bernier, S.M.

    1994-09-01

    Merosin (laminin M chain) is the predominant laminin isoform in the basal lamina of striated muscle and peripheral nerve and is a native ligand for {alpha}-dystroglycan, a novel laminin receptor. Merosin is linked to the subsarcolemmal actin cytoskeleton via the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC), which plays an important role for maintenance of normal muscle function. We have mapped the mouse merosin gene, Lamm, to the region containing the dystrophia muscularis (dy) locus on chromosome 10. This suggested the possibility that a mutation in the merosin gene could be responsible for the dy mouse, an animal model for autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy, and prompted us to test this hypothesis. We analyzed the status of merosin expression in dy mouse by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. In dy mouse skeletal and cardiac muscle and peripheral nerve, merosin was reduced greater than 90% as compared to control mice. However, the expression of laminin B1/B2 chains and collagen type IV was smaller to that in control mice. These findings strongly suggest that merosin deficiency may be the primary defect in the dy mouse. Furthermore, we have identified two patients afflicted with congenital muscular dystrophy with merosin deficiency, providing the basis for future studies of molecular pathogenesis and gene therapy.

  1. Magnetic ordering at anomalously high temperatures in Dy at extreme pressures

    DOE PAGES

    Lim, J.; Fabbris, G.; Haskel, D.; ...

    2015-01-15

    In an attempt to destabilize the magnetic state of the heavy lanthanide Dy, extreme pressures were applied in an electrical resistivity measurement to 157 GPa over the temperature range 1.3 - 295 K. The magnetic ordering temperature To and spin-disorder resistance Rsd of Dy, as well as the superconducting pair-breaking effect ΔTc in Y(1 at.% Dy), are found to track each other in a highly non-monotonic fashion as a function of pressure. Above 73 GPa, the critical pressure for a 6% volume collapse in Dy, all three quantities increase sharply (dTo=dP≃5.3 K/GPa), To appearing to rise above ambient temperature formore » P > 107 GPa. In contrast, To and ΔTc for Gd and Y(0.5 at.% Gd), respectively, show no such sharp increase with pressure (dTo=dP≃ 0.73 K/GPa). Altogether, these results suggest that extreme pressure transports Dy into an unconventional magnetic state with an anomalously high magnetic ordering temperature.« less

  2. Magnetic ordering at anomalously high temperatures in Dy at extreme pressures

    SciTech Connect

    Lim, J.; Fabbris, G.; Haskel, D.; Schilling, J. S.

    2015-01-15

    In an attempt to destabilize the magnetic state of the heavy lanthanide Dy, extreme pressures were applied in an electrical resistivity measurement to 157 GPa over the temperature range 1.3 - 295 K. The magnetic ordering temperature To and spin-disorder resistance Rsd of Dy, as well as the superconducting pair-breaking effect ΔTc in Y(1 at.% Dy), are found to track each other in a highly non-monotonic fashion as a function of pressure. Above 73 GPa, the critical pressure for a 6% volume collapse in Dy, all three quantities increase sharply (dTo=dP≃5.3 K/GPa), To appearing to rise above ambient temperature for P > 107 GPa. In contrast, To and ΔTc for Gd and Y(0.5 at.% Gd), respectively, show no such sharp increase with pressure (dTo=dP≃ 0.73 K/GPa). Altogether, these results suggest that extreme pressure transports Dy into an unconventional magnetic state with an anomalously high magnetic ordering temperature.

  3. High Performance Calcium Titanate Nanoparticle ER Fluids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xuezhao; Shen, Rong; Wen, Weijia; Lu, Kunquan

    A type of calcium titanate (CTO) nanoparticles was synthesized by means of wet chemical method [1] without coating on the particles. The CTO/silicone oil ER fluid exhibits excellent electrorheological properties: high shear stress (~50-100 kPa) under dc electric field, a low current density (less than 2μA/cm2 at 5kV/mm), and long term stability against sedimentation. Although there are not special additives in the ER fluids, it is found from the chemical analysis that a trace of alkyl group, hydroxyl group, carbonyl group and some ions is remained in the particles which may dominate the ER response.

  4. A [Mn18Dy] SMM resulting from the targeted replacement of the central MnII in the S = 83/2 [Mn19]-aggregate with DyIII.

    PubMed

    Ako, Ayuk M; Mereacre, Valeriu; Clérac, Rodolphe; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Hewitt, Ian J; Anson, Christopher E; Powell, Annie K

    2009-02-07

    Anisotropy can be introduced into the [Mn(19)]-aggregate, which currently has the highest known spin ground state of S = 83/2, by the targeted replacement of the central Mn(II) cation with Dy(III) leading to a [Mn(18)Dy] complex with the same core topology showing slow relaxation of the magnetisation.

  5. Environmental release summary (ERS) database CY 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Gleckler, B.P.

    1998-07-01

    This report discusses the Environmental Release Summary (ERS) database. The current needs of the Effluent and Environmental database is continually modified to fulfill monitoring (EEM) program (managed by Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Incorporated, Air and Water Services Organization). Changes are made to accurately calculate current releases, to affect how past releases are calculated. This document serves as a snap-shot of the database and software for the CY-1997 data and releases. This document contains all of the relevant data for calculating radioactive-airborne and liquid effluent. The ERS database is the official repository for the CY-1997 ERS release reports and the settings used to generate those reports. As part of the Tri-Party Agreement, FDH is committed to provide a hard copy of the ERS database for Washington State Department of Ecology, upon request. This document also serves as that hard copy for the last complete calendar year.

  6. ER Consolidated Quarterly Report October 2014

    SciTech Connect

    Cochran, John R.

    2014-10-01

    This Environmental Restoration Operations (ER) Consolidated Quarterly Report (ER Quarterly Report) provides the status of ongoing corrective actions and related Long- Term Stewardship (LTS) activities being implemented by Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (SNL/NM) ER for the April, May, and June 2014 quarterly reporting period. Section 2.0 provides the status of ER Operations activities including closure activities for the Mixed Waste Landfill (MWL), project management and site closure, and hydrogeologic characterizations. Section 3.0 provides the status of LTS activities that relate to the Chemical Waste Landfill (CWL) and the associated Corrective Action Management Unit (CAMU). Section 4.0 provides the references noted in Section I of this report.

  7. FIRE_ACE_ER2_MAS

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2015-10-28

    ... First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) Arctic Cloud Experiment (ACE) NASA ER-2 Moderate Resolution Imaging ... SSFR Location:  Northern Alaska Arctic Ocean Spatial Coverage:  Fairbanks, Alaska and the surrounding ...

  8. Two-color thermosensors based on [Y_{1-x}Dy_x(acetylacetonate)_3(1,10-phenanthroline)] molecular crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderson, Benjamin R.; Gunawidjaja, Ray; Eilers, Hergen

    2017-02-01

    We develop a two-color thermometry (TCT) phosphor based on [Y_{1-x}Dy_x(acetylacetonate)_3(1,10-phenanthroline)] ([Y_{1-x}Dy_x(acac)_3(phen)]) molecular crystals for use in heterogeneous materials. We characterize the optical properties of [Y_{1-x}Dy_x(acac)_3(phen)] crystals at different temperatures and Dy concentrations, and find that the emission is strongly quenched by increasing temperature and concentration. We also observe a broad background emission (due to the ligands) and find that [Y_{1-x}Dy_x(acac)_3(phen)] photodegrades under 355 nm illumination with the photodegradation resulting in decreased luminescence intensity. However, while decreasing the overall emission intensity, photodegradation is not found to influence the integrated intensity ratio of the ^4I_{15/2} → ^6H_{15/2} and ^4F_{9/2} → ^6H_{15/2} transitions. This ratio allows us to compute the temperature of the complex. Based on the temperature dependence of these ratios; we calculate that [Y_{1-x}Dy_x(acac)_3(phen)] has a maximum sensitivity of 1.5% K^{-1} and our TCT system has a minimum temperature resolution of 1.8 K. Finally, we demonstrate the use of [Y_{1-x}Dy_x(acac)_3(phen)] as a TCT phosphor by determining a dynamic temperature profile using the emission from [Y_{1-x}Dy_x(acac)_3(phen)].

  9. Magnetization and magnetic entropy of Dy2Ti2O7

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1974-01-01

    Isothermal measurements of the magnetic entropy, magnetization, and differential susceptibility of Dy2Ti2O7 have been made. Absolute values of magnetic entropy have been determined as a function of applied magnetic field for several temperatures in the range 2-20 K, and several isofield lines in the magnetic entropy-temperature plane have been determined. Magnetization measurements, which extended into the saturation region, yield a powder-average magnetic moment of about 4.7 Bohr magnetons per ion. A van Vleck contribution to M was also observed. The results are consistent with the assumption of a nearly pure Jz equals + or - 15/2 ground-state Kramers doublet for the Dy(+++) ion. Comments on the suitability of Dy2Ti2O7 for use in a magnetic refrigerator cycling between 4.2 and 20 K are included.

  10. Magnetic separation of Dy(III) ions from homogeneous aqueous solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Pulko, B. Yang, X.; Lei, Z.; Odenbach, S.; Eckert, K.

    2014-12-08

    The possibility to enrich paramagnetic dysprosium(III) ions in a magnetic field gradient is proved by means of interferometry, which may open the route for a magnetic separation of rare earth ions from aqueous solutions. The separation dynamics are studied for three different concentrations of DyCl{sub 3} and compared with those found recently in a sulphate solution of the 3d ion Mn(II). In view of the similar-sized hydration spheres for Dy(III) and Mn(II), the slower separation dynamics in DyCl{sub 3} is attributed to both a higher densification coefficient and the strong impact of Brownian motion due to the absence of ion-pair clusters.

  11. Magnetic Memory from Site Isolated Dy(III) on Silica Materials

    PubMed Central

    2017-01-01

    Achieving magnetic remanence at single isolated metal sites dispersed at the surface of a solid matrix has been envisioned as a key step toward information storage and processing in the smallest unit of matter. Here, we show that isolated Dy(III) sites distributed at the surface of silica nanoparticles, prepared with a simple and scalable two-step process, show magnetic remanence and display a hysteresis loop open at liquid 4He temperature, in contrast to the molecular precursor which does not display any magnetic memory. This singular behavior is achieved through the controlled grafting of a tailored Dy(III) siloxide complex on partially dehydroxylated silica nanoparticles followed by thermal annealing. This approach allows control of the density and the structure of isolated, “bare” Dy(III) sites bound to the silica surface. During the process, all organic fragments are removed, leaving the surface as the sole ligand, promoting magnetic remanence. PMID:28386602

  12. Discrimination of reactively-dyed cotton fibres with thin layer chromatography and UV microspectrophotometry.

    PubMed

    De Wael, K; Van Dijck, K; Gason, F

    2015-12-01

    Reactively-dyed black, navy blue and medium red cotton samples showing metamerism under fluorescent tube illumination were examined. Optical microscopy (bright field, polarization and fluorescence microscopy) was used, followed by microspectrometry in the visible range (MSP Vis), to differentiate the samples in each block of colours. Additionally, the non-discriminated samples were subjected both to microspectrophotometry in the UV-range (MSP UV) and to enzymatic digestion followed by high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) on the digests. While it was found that both methods may potentially result in higher discrimination, preparation of reactively-dyed cotton for HPTLC was found to be a very tedious and time-consuming step and HPTLC only led to a better discrimination than MSP UV for the red cotton samples. The results suggest that in order to increase the discrimination for reactively-dyed cotton fibres, measurement of the UV absorption spectrum (MSP UV) is preferred over HPTLC.

  13. Electronic structure and luminescence properties of Ca2Ge7O16:Dy3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leonidov, I. I.; Ishchenko, A. V.; Konstantinova, E. I.; Petrov, V. P.; Chernyshev, V. A.; Nikiforov, A. E.

    2016-12-01

    The present report represents an overview of the results of a combined experimental-computational study of electronic structure, thermoluminescence (TL) and afterglow properties of Ca2Ge7O16:Dy3+ synthesized for the first time. Afterglow curves of Ca2Ge7O16:Dy3+ at 575 nm showing persistent luminescence have been described in Becquerel law. The TL measurements reveal at least one TL band at 326 K and two luminescence bands at 475 and 535 nm. Persistent luminescence in Ca2Ge7O16:Dy3+ originates from relatively shallow charge traps with high probability of charge carriers recapture. The model of energy processes, configurations of traps and luminescence centers has been proposed with the aid of ab initio calculations performed using the LCAO approximation and several hybrid functionals.

  14. Investigation of dyed human hair fibres using apertureless near-field scanning optical microscopy.

    PubMed

    Formanek, F; DE Wilde, Y; Luengo, G S; Querleux, B

    2006-11-01

    We present the first studies of dyed human hair fibres performed with an apertureless scanning near-field optical microscope. Samples consisted of 5-microm-thick cross-sections, the hair fibres being bleached and then dyed before being cut. Hair dyed with two molecular probes diffusing deep inside the fibre or mainly spreading at its periphery were investigated at a wavelength of 655 nm. An optical resolution of about 50 nm was achieved, well below the diffraction limit; the images exhibited different optical contrasts in the cuticle region, depending on the nature of the dye. Our results suggest that the dye that remains confined at the hair periphery is mainly located at its surface and in the endocuticle.

  15. Topography over South America from ERS altimetry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brenner, Anita; Frey, Herb; DiMarzio, John; Tsaoussi, Lucia

    1997-01-01

    The results of the surface topography mapping of South America during the ERS-1 geodetic mission are presented. The altimeter waveforms, the range measurement, and the internal and Doppler range corrections were obtained. The atmospheric corrections and solid tides were calculated. Comparisons between Shuttle laser altimetry and ERS-1 altimetry grid showed good agreement. Satellite radar altimetry data can be used to improve the topographic knowledge of regions for which only poor elevation data currently exist.

  16. Characterization of the ER-Targeted Low Affinity Ca2+ Probe D4ER

    PubMed Central

    Greotti, Elisa; Wong, Andrea; Pozzan, Tullio; Pendin, Diana; Pizzo, Paola

    2016-01-01

    Calcium ion (Ca2+) is a ubiquitous intracellular messenger and changes in its concentration impact on nearly every aspect of cell life. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) represents the major intracellular Ca2+ store and the free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]) within its lumen ([Ca2+]ER) can reach levels higher than 1 mM. Several genetically-encoded ER-targeted Ca2+ sensors have been developed over the last years. However, most of them are non-ratiometric and, thus, their signal is difficult to calibrate in live cells and is affected by shifts in the focal plane and artifactual movements of the sample. On the other hand, existing ratiometric Ca2+ probes are plagued by different drawbacks, such as a double dissociation constant (Kd) for Ca2+, low dynamic range, and an affinity for the cation that is too high for the levels of [Ca2+] in the ER lumen. Here, we report the characterization of a recently generated ER-targeted, Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based, Cameleon probe, named D4ER, characterized by suitable Ca2+ affinity and dynamic range for monitoring [Ca2+] variations within the ER. As an example, resting [Ca2+]ER have been evaluated in a known paradigm of altered ER Ca2+ homeostasis, i.e., in cells expressing a mutated form of the familial Alzheimer’s Disease-linked protein Presenilin 2 (PS2). The lower Ca2+ affinity of the D4ER probe, compared to that of the previously generated D1ER, allowed the detection of a conspicuous, more clear-cut, reduction in ER Ca2+ content in cells expressing mutated PS2, compared to controls. PMID:27598166

  17. Validation of large-scale, monochromatic UV disinfection systems for drinking water using dyed microspheres.

    PubMed

    Blatchley, E R; Shen, C; Scheible, O K; Robinson, J P; Ragheb, K; Bergstrom, D E; Rokjer, D

    2008-02-01

    Dyed microspheres have been developed as a new method for validation of ultraviolet (UV) reactor systems. When properly applied, dyed microspheres allow measurement of the UV dose distribution delivered by a photochemical reactor for a given operating condition. Prior to this research, dyed microspheres had only been applied to a bench-scale UV reactor. The goal of this research was to extend the application of dyed microspheres to large-scale reactors. Dyed microsphere tests were conducted on two prototype large-scale UV reactors at the UV Validation and Research Center of New York (UV Center) in Johnstown, NY. All microsphere tests were conducted under conditions that had been used previously in biodosimetry experiments involving two challenge bacteriophage: MS2 and Qbeta. Numerical simulations based on computational fluid dynamics and irradiance field modeling were also performed for the same set of operating conditions used in the microspheres assays. Microsphere tests on the first reactor illustrated difficulties in sample collection and discrimination of microspheres against ambient particles. Changes in sample collection and work-up were implemented in tests conducted on the second reactor that allowed for improvements in microsphere capture and discrimination against the background. Under these conditions, estimates of the UV dose distribution from the microspheres assay were consistent with numerical simulations and the results of biodosimetry, using both challenge organisms. The combined application of dyed microspheres, biodosimetry, and numerical simulation offers the potential to provide a more in-depth description of reactor performance than any of these methods individually, or in combination. This approach also has the potential to substantially reduce uncertainties in reactor validation, thereby leading to better understanding of reactor performance, improvements in reactor design, and decreases in reactor capital and operating costs.

  18. White light simulation and luminescence studies on Dy3+ doped Zinc borophosphate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vijayakumar, R.; Venkataiah, G.; Marimuthu, K.

    2015-01-01

    The Dy3+ doped Zinc borophosphate glasses with the chemical composition (79-x)B2O3+xP2O5+10Li2O+10ZnO+1Dy2O3 (where x=0, 10, 20, 30 and 50 in wt%) have been prepared by melt quenching technique. The prepared glass samples were characterized through optical absorption, emission and decay measurements. The bonding parameters, optical band gap and Urbach's energy values were calculated from the optical absorption spectra to explore the bonding nature of the Dy-O metal ligand and electronic band structure of the studied glasses. Judd-Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters were calculated from the absorption spectra by using the JO theory and it gives information about symmetry of the ligand environment around the Dy3+ ion site. The Y/B intensity ratio and radiative properties were obtained from the emission spectra and the results were compared with the reported literature. The x, y chromaticity color coordinates of the studied glasses were analyzed using a CIE 1931 color chromaticity diagram and found that the x, y coordinates lie in the white light region. The decay curve measurements of the prepared glasses exhibit non-exponential behavior and are well fitted to Inokuti-Hirayama (IH) model to understand the energy transfer mechanism between Dy3+ ions. The Q, R0 and CDA values of the prepared Dy3+ doped glasses were obtained from the IH model and the results were discussed and compared with the reported literature.

  19. Concentration dependent luminescence properties of Dy3+ doped lead free zinc phosphate glasses for visible applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reddy Prasad, V.; Babu, S.; Ratnakaram, Y. C.

    2016-10-01

    Dysprosium (Dy3+) doped lead free zinc phosphate glasses with chemical compositions (60 - x) NH4H2PO4 + 20ZnO + 10BaF2 + 10NaF + xDy2O3 (where x = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 mol%) have been prepared by melt quenching technique. The functional groups of vibrational bands have been assigned and clearly elucidated by FTIR and Raman spectral profiles for all these glass samples. Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters (Ωλ: λ = 2, 4, 6) have been obtained from spectral intensities of different absorption bands of Dy3+ doped glasses. Radiative properties such as radiative transition probabilities ( A R ), radiative lifetimes ( τ R ), branching ratios ( β R ) and integrated absorption cross-sections ( Σ) for different excited states are calculated by using J-O parameters. Luminescence spectra exhibit three emission bands (from 4F9/2 level to 6H15/2, 6H13/2 and 6H11/2) for all the concentrations of Dy3+ ions before and after gamma irradiation. Various luminescence properties have been studied by varying the Dy3+ concentration for the three spectral profiles. Fluorescence decay curves of 4F9/2 level have been recorded. The energy transfer mechanism that leads to quenching of 4F9/2 state lifetime has been discussed by the variation of Dy3+ concentration. These glasses are expected to be useful for yellow luminescent materials.

  20. Investigation on photoluminescence properties and defect chemistry of GdAlO3:Dy3+ Ba2+ phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Selvalakshmi, Thangaraj; Sellaiyan, Selvakumar; Uedono, Akira; Semba, Takaaki; Bose, Arumugam Chandra

    2016-08-01

    GdAlO3:Dy3+ Ba2+ phosphors are synthesized by citrate-based sol-gel method. Photoluminescence and positron annihilation studies are used to investigate the emission and defect chemistry of the phosphors respectively. The strong yellow (Dy3+) emission properties of phosphors are discussed for various concentrations of Dy3+ ions. Upon the addition of Ba2+ ion, an enhancement in emission intensity is observed due to the lattice distortions around Dy3+ ion. The positron studies indicate the presence of defects at crystallite boundaries, vacancy clusters and large voids in the materials. The influence of Ba2+ ion on the photoluminescence and lattice distortion around Dy3+ is also explored.

  1. Optical emission spectroscopy of metal-halide lamps: Radially resolved atomic state distribution functions of Dy and Hg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nimalasuriya, T.; Flikweert, A. J.; Stoffels, W. W.; Haverlag, M.; van der Mullen, J. J. A. M.; Pupat, N. B. M.

    2006-03-01

    Absolute line intensity measurements are performed on a metal-halide lamp. Several transitions of atomic and ionic Dy and atomic Hg are measured at different radial positions from which we obtain absolute atomic and ionic Dy intensity profiles. From these profiles we construct the radially resolved atomic state distribution function (ASDF) of the atomic and ionic Dy and the atomic Hg. From these ASDFs several quantities are determined as functions of radial position, such as the (excitation) temperature, the ion ratio Hg+/Dy+, the electron density, the ground state, and the total density of Dy atoms and ions. Moreover, these ASDFs give us insight about the departure from equilibrium. The measurements show a hollow density profile for the atoms and the ionization of atoms in the center. In the outer parts of the lamp molecules dominate.

  2. The Aspergillus nidulans peripheral ER: disorganization by ER stress and persistence during mitosis.

    PubMed

    Markina-Iñarrairaegui, Ane; Pantazopoulou, Areti; Espeso, Eduardo A; Peñalva, Miguel A

    2013-01-01

    The genetically amenable fungus Aspergillus nidulans is well suited for cell biology studies involving the secretory pathway and its relationship with hyphal tip growth by apical extension. We exploited live-cell epifluorescence microscopy of the ER labeled with the translocon component Sec63, endogenously tagged with GFP, to study the organization of 'secretory' ER domains. The Sec63 A. nidulans ER network includes brightly fluorescent peripheral strands and more faintly labeled nuclear envelopes. In hyphae, the most abundant peripheral ER structures correspond to plasma membrane-associated strands that are polarized, but do not invade the hyphal tip dome, at least in part because the subapical collar of endocytic actin patches constrict the cortical strands in this region. Thus the subapical endocytic ring might provide an attachment for ER strands, thereby ensuring that the growing tip remains 'loaded' with secretory ER. Acute disruption of secretory ER function by reductive stress-mediated induction of the unfolded protein response results in the reversible aggregation of ER strands, cessation of exocytosis and swelling of the hyphal tips. The secretory ER is insensitive to brefeldin A treatment and does not undergo changes during mitosis, in agreement with the reports that apical extension continues at normal rates during this period.

  3. [Selective excitation spectra and energy level structure of Dy3+:ThO2 crystal].

    PubMed

    Yin, M; Krupa, J C

    2001-08-01

    Dy3+:ThO2 crystal was grown by the flux technique for the first time. The emission spectra, excitation spectra and fluorescence decay curves were measured and discussed. By using emission spectra obtained under selective dye laser excitation at 12 K, together with the crystal-field theory, the site symmetry of Dy3+ ions in ThO2 was determined as C3 nu and its energy level structure was tabulated. The lifetime of radiative level 4F9/2 was also determined as 0.40 ms.

  4. End pumped yellow laser performance of Dy3+:ZnWO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Zhongchao; Yang, Fugui; Qiao, Liang; Yan, Fengpo

    2017-03-01

    We report an end pumped single transverse-mode (TEM00) yellow laser based on Dy3+:ZnWO4 crystal. The pump light is InGaN blue laser diode at 450 nm with the maximum power of 1.5 W. A 3 cm length Dy3+:ZnWO4 crystal served as the gain medium. By way of the square filter, we discuss the TEM00 properties. In continuous-wave operation and single transverse-mode, a maximum output power of 0.110 W and a slope efficiency of 13.0% are achieved at an emission wavelength of 575 nm.

  5. Ab initio study of double perovskites Ba2DySbO6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jha, Dhiraj Kumar; Mandal, Golak; Ray, Chandan; Himanshu, A. K.; Singh, B. K.; Kumar, Uday; Choudhary, B. K.

    2016-05-01

    First principle study of the electronic band structure of Ba2DySbO6 synthesied by the solid state reaction technique have been performed within the framework of density function theory using WIEN2K. It has been shown in the absence of electron-electron interaction (U=0), BaDySO6 behaves like a half-metal. Even in the presence of DFT+U, electron-electron interaction via the Hubbard term (from U = 0, 2.72e -7.02eV), it still shows half metals.

  6. Dichroism measurements in forensic fibre examination Part 1--Dyed polyester fibres.

    PubMed

    De Wael, K; Vanden Driessche, T

    2011-06-01

    One hundred and twenty dyed polyester samples were examined with plane polarized light on their dichroic behaviour by optical light microscopy (OLM) and microspectrophotometry in the visible range (MSP Vis). It was found that most of these disperse dyed polyester fibres possess a strong dichroism, which fall into two broad categories. Either a decrease of intensity (hypochromic effect) or a change of hue (hypsochromic or bathochromic shift of absorption bands) is noted. These dichroic effects are related to the orientation of the dye structure with respect to the polymer chains.

  7. Dichroism measurements in forensic fibre examination. Part 2 - dyed polyamide, wool and silk fibres.

    PubMed

    De Wael, K; Vanden Driessche, T

    2011-12-01

    A number of dyed polyamide, wool and silk samples were examined with plane polarized light on their dichroic behavior by optical light microscopy (OLM) and microspectrophotometry with plane polarized light (MSP-PPL). It was found that most of these acid dyed peptidic fibres possess dichroism, but these are weaker than the effects previously described for polyester fibres. The small effects may be not observed, especially for wool, but these can be measured using MSP-PPL. In the three peptidic fibre classes, for the first time, a so called "inverse dichroism" is observed which appears in the absorption spectra as a hyperchromic effect.

  8. Green to white tunable light emitting phosphors: Dy3+/Tb3+ in zinc phosphate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Juárez-Batalla, J.; Meza-Rocha, A. N.; Muñoz H., G.; Caldiño, Ulises

    2017-02-01

    Dy3+/Tb3+-doped zinc phosphate glasses of composition in mol.%: 98.0Zn(PO3)2-2.0Dy2O3, (100.0-x)Zn(PO3)2-xTb2O3 and (98.0-x)Zn(PO3)2-2.0Dy2O3-xTb2O3, x = 0.6, 1.0, 2.0 and 5.0, were prepared by conventional melt quenching technique, and characterized by photoluminescence and decay time spectroscopy. The emission color can be adjusted from neutral white of 4279 K (98.0 Zn(PO3)2-2.0 Dy2O3 glass) toward the green region by codoping with Tb3+ from 0.6 to 5.0 mol% of Tb2O3 upon Dy3+ excitation at 392 nm. The Tb3+ emissions (5D4 → 7F6,5,4,3) being sensitized by Dy3+ through a non-radiative energy transfer. Dysprosium 4F9/2 level emissions can also be sensitized through excitation of Tb3+ at 284 nm with an efficiency up to of 80%. Additionally, upon 284 nm excitation dominant 5D4 → 7F5 green emission in detriment of the 5D3 → 7FJ blue one is promoted by a cross relaxation process between Tb3+ and Dy3+ in addition to that among Tb3+ ions. In consequence, the most intense green emission observed in the ZP2Dy5Tb phosphor gives rise to a color purity of 67.8% and chromaticity coordinates (0.29, 0.59) very close to those (0.29, 0.60) of European Broadcasting Union illuminant green. Such cross relaxation processes enhancing the green emission of Tb3+ with ultraviolet excitation might contribute to increment the spectral response of solar photovoltaic cells by down-shifting of the incident solar spectrum.

  9. THE HOT R CORONAE BOREALIS STAR DY CENTAURI IS A BINARY

    SciTech Connect

    Kameswara Rao, N.; Lambert, David L.; McArthur, Barbara; Garcia-Hernandez, D. A.; Woolf, Vincent M. E-mail: dll@astro.as.utexas.edu

    2012-11-20

    The remarkable hot R Coronae Borealis (RCB) star DY Cen is revealed to be the first and only binary system to be found among the RCB stars and their likely relatives, including the extreme helium stars and the hydrogen-deficient carbon stars. Radial velocity determinations from 1982 to 2010 have shown that DY Cen is a single-lined spectroscopic binary in an eccentric orbit with a period of 39.67 days. It is also one of the hottest and most H-rich member of the class of RCB stars. The system may have evolved from a common envelope to its current form.

  10. Optical fiber magnetic field sensors with TbDyFe magnetostrictive thin films as sensing materials.

    PubMed

    Yang, Minghong; Dai, Jixiang; Zhou, Ciming; Jiang, Desheng

    2009-11-09

    Different from usually-used bulk magnetostrictive materials, magnetostrictive TbDyFe thin films were firstly proposed as sensing materials for fiber-optic magnetic field sensing characterization. By magnetron sputtering process, TbDyFe thin films were deposited on etched side circle of a fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) as sensing element. There exists more than 45pm change of FBG wavelength when magnet field increase up to 50 mT. The response to magnetic field is reversible, and could be applicable for magnetic and current sensing.

  11. A Role for Macro-ER-Phagy in ER Quality Control.

    PubMed

    Lipatova, Zhanna; Segev, Nava

    2015-07-01

    The endoplasmic-reticulum quality-control (ERQC) system shuttles misfolded proteins for degradation by the proteasome through the well-defined ER-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway. In contrast, very little is known about the role of autophagy in ERQC. Macro-autophagy, a collection of pathways that deliver proteins through autophagosomes (APs) for degradation in the lysosome (vacuole in yeast), is mediated by autophagy-specific proteins, Atgs, and regulated by Ypt/Rab GTPases. Until recently, the term ER-phagy was used to describe degradation of ER membrane and proteins in the lysosome under stress: either ER stress induced by drugs or whole-cell stress induced by starvation. These two types of stresses induce micro-ER-phagy, which does not use autophagic organelles and machinery, and non-selective autophagy. Here, we characterize the macro-ER-phagy pathway and uncover its role in ERQC. This pathway delivers 20-50% of certain ER-resident membrane proteins to the vacuole and is further induced to >90% by overexpression of a single integral-membrane protein. Even though such overexpression in cells defective in macro-ER-phagy induces the unfolded-protein response (UPR), UPR is not needed for macro-ER-phagy. We show that macro-ER-phagy is dependent on Atgs and Ypt GTPases and its cargo passes through APs. Moreover, for the first time the role of Atg9, the only integral-membrane core Atg, is uncoupled from that of other core Atgs. Finally, three sequential steps of this pathway are delineated: Atg9-dependent exit from the ER en route to autophagy, Ypt1- and core Atgs-mediated pre-autophagsomal-structure organization, and Ypt51-mediated delivery of APs to the vacuole.

  12. Occurrence of magnetoelectric effect correlated to the Dy order in Dy{sub 2}NiMnO{sub 6} double perovskite

    SciTech Connect

    Masud, Md G.; Dey, K.; Ghosh, A.; Majumdar, S.; Giri, S.

    2015-08-14

    Magnetic, dielectric, and ac conductivity as well as room temperature structural and Raman studies are performed on double perovskite Dy{sub 2}NiMnO{sub 6}. The crystal structure of the compound adopts monoclinic P2{sub 1}/n space group, where alternate Mn and Ni distorted octahedral are arranged in anti-phase a{sup −} a{sup −} b{sup +} order in Glazer notation. Magnetization studies show two magnetic transitions around 100 K and 20 K which are related to the ordering of transition and rare earth cations moment, respectively. Temperature dependent dielectric permittivity shows Havriliak-Negami type thermally activated dielectric relaxation. The ac conductivity at different temperature is found to follow Jonscher power law behavior. Time-temperature scaling of the conductivity spectra reveals that the charge transport dynamics is independent of temperature. Intriguingly, an anomaly in the dielectric constant is observed close to the order of Dy moment which indicates intrinsic magnetoelectric coupling. The hybridization between Dy and Ni/Mn is suggested to be correlated with the magnetoelectric coupling.

  13. 20 CFR 216.68 - Disability period for widow(er), surviving divorced spouse, or remarried widow(er).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Disability period for widow(er), surviving divorced spouse, or remarried widow(er). 216.68 Section 216.68 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT... Divorced Spouse, and Remarried Widow(er) Annuities § 216.68 Disability period for widow(er),...

  14. Mechanisms of oestrogen receptor (ER) gene regulation in breast cancer

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Most breast cancers are driven by a transcription factor called oestrogen receptor (ER). Understanding the mechanisms of ER activity in breast cancer has been a major research interest and recent genomic advances have revealed extraordinary insights into how ER mediates gene transcription and what occurs during endocrine resistance. This review discusses our current understanding on ER activity, with an emphasis on several evolving, but important areas of ER biology. PMID:26884552

  15. Project DyAdd: Visual Attention in Adult Dyslexia and ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laasonen, Marja; Salomaa, Jonna; Cousineau, Denis; Leppamaki, Sami; Tani, Pekka; Hokkanen, Laura; Dye, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    In this study of the project DyAdd, three aspects of visual attention were investigated in adults (18-55 years) with dyslexia (n = 35) or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, n = 22), and in healthy controls (n = 35). Temporal characteristics of visual attention were assessed with Attentional Blink (AB), capacity of visual attention…

  16. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES MANUFACTURERS AND RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Motor Vehicles..., NONTAXABLE USE ONLY, PENALTY FOR TAXABLE USE” must be posted by a seller on any retail pump or other delivery... pump or other delivery facility where it sells dyed kerosene for use by its buyer. Any seller...

  17. 26 CFR 48.4082-2 - Diesel fuel and kerosene; notice required for dyed fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES MANUFACTURERS AND RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Motor Vehicles..., NONTAXABLE USE ONLY, PENALTY FOR TAXABLE USE” must be posted by a seller on any retail pump or other delivery... pump or other delivery facility where it sells dyed kerosene for use by its buyer. Any seller...

  18. Thermoluminescent dosimetric comparison for two different MgB4O7:Dy production routes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Souza, L. F.; Vidal, R. M.; Souza, S. O.; Souza, D. N.

    2014-11-01

    There are several routes employed for the production of synthetic magnesium tetraborate, for example, sol-gel method, combustion, wet reaction synthesis, solid-state route and precipitation (crystal growth). The most commonly used synthesis methods are the wet reaction (precipitation) and solid-state synthesis; both production routes are efficient, but is very difficult to find a direct comparison for them. The present work proposes a direct comparison of both production routes used for magnesium tetraborate synthesis for thermoluminescent (TL) dosimetry. In this work, MgB4O7:Dy was prepared by both methods, wet reaction or precipitation-route 1, and solid-state synthesis -route 2, with the same amount of dopant (0.1%). In the first part of work, the crystalline phases were confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and it was observed that MgB4O7:Dy can be obtained satisfactorily through both routes, although a very intense crystalline phase of H3BO3 for the powder produced through route 1 was observed. The dose response curve of MgB4O7 pellets (produced for both routes) presents linear behavior when the materials are irradiated with 60Co in the dose range of 10-100 Gy. The results showed that both methods produce MgB4O7:Dy efficiently; however, solid-state synthesis produces MgB4O7:Dy more sensitive to gamma radiation.

  19. Thermal, optical and structural properties of Dy3+ doped sodium aluminophosphate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaur, Manpreet; Singh, Anupinder; Thakur, Vanita; Singh, Lakhwant

    2016-03-01

    Trivalent Dysprosium doped sodium aluminophosphate glasses with composition 50P2O5-10Al2O3-(20-x)Na2O-20CaO-xDy2O3 (x varying from 0 to 5 mol%) were prepared by melt quench technique. The density of the prepared samples was measured using Archimedes principle and various physical properties like molar volume, rare earth ion concentration, polaron radius, inter nuclear distance and field strength were calculated using different formulae. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was carried out to study the thermal stability of prepared glasses. The UV Visible absorption spectra of the dysprosium doped glasses were found to be comprised of ten absorption bands which correspond to transitions from ground state 6H15/2 to various excited states. The indirect optical band gap energy of the samples was calculated by Tauc's plot and the optical energy was found to be attenuated with Dy3+ ions. The photoluminescence spectrum revealed that Dy3+ doped aluminophosphate glasses have strong emission bands in the visible region. A blue emission band centred at 486 nm, a bright yellow band centred at 575 nm and a weak red band centred at 668 nm were observed in the emission spectrum due to excitation at 352 nm wavelength. Both FTIR and Raman spectra assert slight structural changes induced in the host glass network with Dy3+ ions.

  20. Influence of annealing temperature on the Dy diffusion process in NdFeB magnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Sheng-qing; Peng, Kun; Chen, Hong

    2017-03-01

    Sintered NdFeB magnets were coated with a layer of Dy metal using electron beam evaporation method and then annealed at various temperatures to investigate the temperature dependence of Dy diffusion process in NdFeB magnets. A Dy-rich phase was observed along the grain boundaries after the grain boundary diffusion process, the diffusion coefficients of various temperatures were obtained, the diffusion coefficients of Dy along the grain boundaries at 800 °C and 900 °C were determined to be 9.8×10-8 cm2 s-1 and 2.4×10-7 cm2 s-1, respectively. The diffusion length depended on the annealing temperature and the maximum diffusion length of approximately 1.8 mm and 3.0 mm can be obtained after annealing at 800 °C and 900 °C for 8 h. Higher diffusion temperature results in the diffusion not only along the grain boundaries but also into grains and then decrease in magnetic properties. The optimum annealing conditions can be determined as 900 °C for 8 h. The coercivity was improved from 1040 kA/m to 1450 kA/m and its magnetization has no significant reduction after the grain boundary diffusion process at the optimum annealing conditions.

  1. Project DyAdd: Implicit Learning in Adult Dyslexia and ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laasonen, Marja; Väre, Jenni; Oksanen-Hennah, Henna; Leppämäki, Sami; Tani, Pekka; Harno, Hanna; Hokkanen, Laura; Pothos, Emmanuel; Cleeremans, Axel

    2014-01-01

    In this study of the project DyAdd, implicit learning was investigated through two paradigms in adults (18-55 years) with dyslexia (n?=?36) or with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, n?=?22) and in controls (n?=?35). In the serial reaction time (SRT) task, there were no group differences in learning. However, those with ADHD exhibited…

  2. Size dependences of crystal structure and magnetic properties of DyMnO3 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tajiri, T.; Terashita, N.; Hamamoto, K.; Deguchi, H.; Mito, M.; Morimoto, Y.; Konishi, K.; Kohno, A.

    2013-11-01

    We synthesized DyMnO3 nanoparticles with particle sizes of about 7.5-15.3 nm in the pores of mesoporous silica and investigated their crystal structure and magnetic properties. As the particle size decreased, the lattice constants of the DyMnO3 nanoparticles deviated from those of the bulk crystal, and the Jahn-Teller distortion in the nanoparticle systems decreased. In addition, the estimated lattice strain increased with decreasing particle size. The DyMnO3 nanoparticles showed superparamagnetic behavior. The blocking temperature and the coercive field increased with decreasing particle size, and this behavior was contrary to the usual magnetic size effects. It is deduced that these unique size dependences of the magnetic properties for the DyMnO3 nanoparticles were derived from the changes in lattice constants and lattice strain. The anisotropic lattice deformation in the crystal structure of the nanoparticles induces an enhancement of the magnetic anisotropy, which results in the increase in blocking temperature and coercive field with decreasing particle size.

  3. Synthesis and magnetic properties of DyMnO3 nanoparticles in mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tajiri, Takayuki; Kohno, Atsushi; Hamamoto, Kenta; Ando, Yuhki; Deguchi, Hiroyuki; Mito, Masaki

    2013-08-01

    We synthesized nanoparticles of the perovskite manganite DyMnO3 in pores of mesoporous silica SBA-15 and investigated their magnetic properties. X-ray diffraction patterns of the nanoparticles indicated successful synthesis of the DyMnO3 nanoparticles with a particle size of about 10 nm in the pores of SBA-15. The temperature dependence of the DC magnetic susceptibility for the DyMnO3 nanoparticles exhibited a pronounced magnetic irreversibility between the field-cooling and the zero-field-cooling susceptibility due to the blocking phenomena and indicated a change of the magnetic exchange interactions from those for the bulk crystal. The in-phase susceptibility χ' and the out-of-phase susceptibility χ″ of the AC susceptibility for the nanoparticles exhibited a peak at the blocking temperature, and that peak shifted toward higher temperature with increasing frequency. Magnetization curves for the nanoparticles were reproduced by using a Langevin function and exhibited a hysteresis loop at temperatures below the blocking temperature. Magnetic size effects and superparamagnetic behaviors were observed in the DyMnO3 nanoparticles.

  4. Giant rotating magnetocaloric effect induced by highly texturing in polycrystalline DyNiSi compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Hu; Li, Yawei; Liu, Enke; Ke, Yajiao; Jin, Jinling; Long, Yi; Shen, Baogen

    2015-07-01

    Large rotating magnetocaloric effect (MCE) has been observed in some single crystals due to strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. By utilizing the rotating MCE, a new type of rotary magnetic refrigerator can be constructed, which could be more simplified and efficient than the conventional one. However, compared with polycrystalline materials, the high cost and complexity of preparation for single crystals hinder the development of this novel magnetic refrigeration technology. For the first time, here we observe giant rotating MCE in textured DyNiSi polycrystalline material, which is larger than those of most rotating magnetic refrigerants reported so far. This result suggests that DyNiSi compound could be attractive candidate of magnetic refrigerants for novel rotary magnetic refrigerator. By considering the influence of demagnetization effect on MCE, the origin of large rotating MCE in textured DyNiSi is attributed to the coexistence of strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy and highly preferred orientation. Our study on textured DyNiSi not only provides a new magnetic refrigerant with large rotating MCE for low temperature magnetic refrigeration, but also opens a new way to exploit magnetic refrigeration materials with large rotating MCE, which will be highly beneficial to the development of rotating magnetic refrigeration technology.

  5. Giant rotating magnetocaloric effect induced by highly texturing in polycrystalline DyNiSi compound.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hu; Li, YaWei; Liu, Enke; Ke, YaJiao; Jin, JinLing; Long, Yi; Shen, BaoGen

    2015-07-10

    Large rotating magnetocaloric effect (MCE) has been observed in some single crystals due to strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. By utilizing the rotating MCE, a new type of rotary magnetic refrigerator can be constructed, which could be more simplified and efficient than the conventional one. However, compared with polycrystalline materials, the high cost and complexity of preparation for single crystals hinder the development of this novel magnetic refrigeration technology. For the first time, here we observe giant rotating MCE in textured DyNiSi polycrystalline material, which is larger than those of most rotating magnetic refrigerants reported so far. This result suggests that DyNiSi compound could be attractive candidate of magnetic refrigerants for novel rotary magnetic refrigerator. By considering the influence of demagnetization effect on MCE, the origin of large rotating MCE in textured DyNiSi is attributed to the coexistence of strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy and highly preferred orientation. Our study on textured DyNiSi not only provides a new magnetic refrigerant with large rotating MCE for low temperature magnetic refrigeration, but also opens a new way to exploit magnetic refrigeration materials with large rotating MCE, which will be highly beneficial to the development of rotating magnetic refrigeration technology.

  6. Antifungal activity of chitinases from Trichoderma aureoviride DY-59 and Rhizopus microsporus VS-9.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Nam Van; Kim, Young-Ju; Oh, Kyung-Taek; Jung, Woo-Jin; Park, Ro-Dong

    2008-01-01

    Two chitinolytic fungal strains, Trichoderma aureoviride DY-59 and Rhizopus microsporus VS-9, were isolated from soil samples of Korea and Vietnam, respectively. DY-59 and VS-9 crude chitinases secreted by these fungi in the 0.5% swollen chitin culture medium had an optimal pH of 4 and the optimal temperatures of 40 degrees C and 60 degrees C, respectively. Enzymatic hydrolysis products from crab swollen chitin were N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) by DY-59 chitinase, and GlcNAc and N, N'-diacetylchitobiose (GlcNAc)2 by VS-9 chitinases. The chitinases degraded the cell wall of Fusarium solani hyphae to produce oligosaccharides, among which GlcNAc, (GlcNAc)2, and pentamer (GlcNAc)5 were identified by high-pressure liquid chromatography. DY-59 and VS-9 chitinases inhibited F. solani microconidial germination by more than 70% and 60% at final protein concentrations of 5 and 27 microg mL(-1), respectively, at 30 degrees C for 20 h treatment.

  7. Psychometric properties of the DY-BOCS in a Turkish sample of children and adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Güler, Ayşegül Selcen; do Rosário, Maria Conceição; Ayaz, Ayşe Burcu; Gökçe, Sebla; Yulaf, Yasemin; Başgül, Senem; Özcan, Özlem; Karabekiroğlu, Koray; Munir, Kerim; Beşiroğlu, Lütfullah; Yazgan, Yankı

    2015-01-01

    Background Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DY-BOCS) is a promising scale for assessing frequency and severity of symptom dimensions. The main objective of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the DYBOCS in a large sample of children and adolescents from Turkey. Methods We studied 143 children and adolescents, 7–18 years, with well characterized DSM-IV-R OCD, ascertained from seven collaborating university or state hospital sites. We compared the DYBOCS scores with the Children’s Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (CYBOCS), the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) and the Child Behavior Checklist-6-18 years (CBCL-6-18). Results The internal consistency of the DY-BOCS symptom dimensions and inter rater agreement of component scores were excellent. The agreement between global DY-BOCS score and the total CY-BOCS score was highly significant (Pearson r = 0.55, p < 0.0001). Severity scores for individual symptom dimensions were independent of one another, only modestly correlating with the global ratings, and were also differentially related to ratings of depression, anxiety and tic severity. Conclusion The DY-BOCS is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing multiple aspects of OCD symptom severity in children and adolescents from Turkey. PMID:26773986

  8. A highly sensitive CaF2:Dy nanophosphor as an efficient low energy ion dosimetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhadane, Mahesh S.; Hareesh, K.; Dahiwale, S. S.; Sature, K. R.; Patil, B. J.; Asokan, K.; Kanjilal, D.; Bhoraskar, V. N.; Dhole, S. D.

    2016-11-01

    Dysprosium doped calcium fluoride (CaF2:Dy) powers synthesized by co-precipitation method were irradiated with low energy ion beams (LEIB) viz. 100 keV H, 200 keV Ar and 350 keV N beams at different fluences and demonstrated for low energy ion dosimetric application. X-ray Diffraction and Transmission electron microscopy revealed the formation of highly crystalline cubic structured particles with size ∼45-50 nm. FTIR spectra of the CaF2:Dy samples show changes of some bonds such as N-O asymmetric, C-F bonding and C-H aromatic contain stretching mode after LEIB irradiation. The thermoluminescence (TL) glow curve peaks were observed at 207 °C for Ar ion, at 203 °C for H ion and at 216 °C and 270 °C for N ion. It has been found that CaF2:Dy nanophosphor shows a linear response with minimum fading for all the ion species. Computerized Glow Curve Deconvolution was performed for TL curve of high fluence ion irradiated nanophosphor to estimate the trapping parameters and the respective figure of merit (FOM) found to be very appropriate for all the nanophosphor. These results indicated that the CaF2:Dy can be used as a low energy ion detector or dose.

  9. Synthesis and characterization of CaF{sub 2}:Dy nanophosphor for dosimetric application

    SciTech Connect

    Bhadane, Mahesh S.; Dahiwale, S. S.; Bhoraskar, V. N.; Dhole, S. D.; Patil, B. J.; Kulkarni, M. S.; Bhatt, B. C.

    2015-06-24

    In this work, nanoparticles (NPs) of dysprosium doped calcium fluoride (CaF{sub 2}:Dy) 1 mol % has been prepared using simple chemical co-precipitation method and its thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetric properties were studied. The synthesized nanoparticle sample was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the particle size of face centered cubic phase NPs was found around 30 nm. The shape, morphology and size were also observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). From gamma irradiated CaF{sub 2}:Dy TL curves, it was observed that the total areas of all the glow peak intensities are dramatically changed with increase in annealing temperature. Further, TL glow curve of the CaF{sub 2}:Dy at 183 °C annealed at 400 °C, showed very sharp linear response in the dose range from 1 Gy to 750 Gy. This linear response of CaF{sub 2}:Dy nanophosphor as a function of gamma dose is very useful from radiation dosimetric point of view.

  10. Thermoluminescence characterization of Dy(3+) -activated Mg₅ (BO₃ )₃ F low Z(eff) phosphor.

    PubMed

    Wani, Javaid A; Dhoble, N S; Dhoble, S J

    2013-01-01

    Thermoluminescence characteristics of Dy(3+) -activated Mg₅ (BO₃ )₃ F low Z(eff) phosphor are described. The Mg₅ (BO₃ )₃ F phosphor doped with Dy(3+) as activator was prepared by the modified solid-state reaction. Formation of the compound was confirmed by use of X-ray powder diffraction. The X-ray powder diffraction pattern of the as-prepared compound shows a good match with the available JCPDS data. The γ-irradiated Mg₅ (BO₃ )₃ F:Dy(3+) phosphor shows a simple glow curve peaking at about 148°C indicating that only one type of trap is being activated within a particular temperature range. The kinetic parameters, including activation energy and frequency factor were determined using Chen's method. The activation energy and frequency factors were 0.75 eV and 4.508 × 10(9) /s respectively. The Z(eff) ofMg₅ (BO₃ )₃ F:Dy(3+) phosphor was 9.84.

  11. Electrocatalytic performance of Pt-Dy alloys for direct borohydride fuel cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Šljukić, Biljana; Milikić, Jadranka; Santos, Diogo M. F.; Sequeira, César A. C.; Macciò, Daniele; Saccone, Adriana

    2014-12-01

    The electrochemical oxidation of sodium borohydride (NaBH4) is systematically studied on platinum-dysprosium (Pt-Dy) alloys in alkaline media with respect to application in direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs). Using several different techniques, namely cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry and chronopotentiometry, reaction parameters are evaluated for NaBH4 electrooxidation in 2 M NaOH supporting electrolyte. The values obtained for the number of electrons exchanged are comparable for the two alloys and close to 2.5. Dependence of Pt-Dy alloys activity for NaBH4 oxidation on the electrolyte composition and temperature is also investigated. Test fuel cell is assembled using Pt-Dy alloy as anode, reaching peak power density of 298 mW cm-2 at current density of 595 mA cm-2 and cell potential of 0.5 V at 25 °C. Pt-Dy alloys exhibit comparable behavior with pure Pt electrode at room temperature, while at higher temperature they exhibit improved Coulombic efficiency, with the advantage of significantly lower price.

  12. Dyed and Printed Textiles: Javanese Batik [and] Dutch Wax Prints [and] West African Adire. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Sue

    Three booklets focusing on dyed and printed textile techniques of Java, West Africa, and the Netherlands describe historical and ethnographic materials as well as the development of particular technical traditions. Each section may be used alone or with either or both of the others. When used together, these booklets illustrate the…

  13. On the binary helium star DY Centauri: chemical composition and evolutionary state

    SciTech Connect

    Pandey, Gajendra; Rao, N. Kameswara; Jeffery, C. Simon; Lambert, David L. E-mail: nkrao@iiap.res.in E-mail: dll@astro.as.utexas.edu

    2014-10-01

    DY Cen has shown a steady fading of its visual light by about one magnitude in the last 40 yr, suggesting a secular increase in its effective temperature. We have conducted non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) and LTE abundance analyses to determine the star's effective temperature, surface gravity, and chemical composition using high-resolution spectra obtained over two decades. The derived stellar parameters for three epochs suggest that DY Cen has evolved at a constant luminosity and has become hotter by about 5000 K in 23 yr. We show that the derived abundances remain unchanged for the three epochs. The derived abundances of the key elements, including F and Ne, are as observed for the extreme helium stars resulting from a merger of a He white dwarf with a C-O white dwarf. Thus DY Cen by chemical composition appears to also be a product of a merger of two white dwarfs. This appearance seems to be at odds with the recent suggestion that DY Cen is a single-lined spectroscopic binary.

  14. Slow magnetic relaxations in a ladder-type Dy(iii) complex and its dinuclear analogue.

    PubMed

    Boča, R; Stolárová, M; Falvello, L R; Tomás, M; Titiš, J; Černák, J

    2017-04-06

    The complex {[Dy2(PDOA)3(H2O)6]·2H2O}n (1) (H2PDOA = 1,2-phenylenedioxydiacetic acid) was prepared from aqueous solution. Its crystal structure, built up of {-Dy-O-C-O-}n chains interlinked by PDOA ligands yielding a ladder-like arrangement, was determined at 173 K. 1 exhibits slow magnetic relaxation under a small magnetic field BDC = 0.2 T with two (LF and HF) relaxation channels. The LF relaxation time at BDC = 0.2 T and T = 1.85 K is as slow as τ(LF) = 46 ms whereas the HF channel is τ(HF) = 1.4 ms. The mole fraction of the LF species is xLF = 0.76 at 1.85 K and it escapes progressively on heating. In the dinuclear analogue [Dy2(PDOA)3(H2O)6]·3.5H2O (2) one PDOA ligand forms a bis(chelate) bridge between the two Dy(iii) atoms yielding a local structure analogous to that in 1; however its AC susceptibility data show slightly different quantitative characteristics of the single-molecule magnetic behaviour.

  15. The changing role of ER in endocrine resistance.

    PubMed

    Nardone, Agostina; De Angelis, Carmine; Trivedi, Meghana V; Osborne, C Kent; Schiff, Rachel

    2015-11-01

    Estrogen receptor (ER) is expressed in approximately 70% of newly diagnosed breast tumors. Although endocrine therapy targeting ER is highly effective, intrinsic or acquired resistance is common, significantly jeopardizing treatment outcomes and minimizing overall survival. Even in the presence of endocrine resistance, a continued role of ER signaling is suggested by several lines of clinical and preclinical evidence. Indeed, inhibition or down-regulation of ER reduces tumor growth in preclinical models of acquired endocrine resistance, and many patients with recurrent ER+ breast tumors progressing on one type of ER-targeted treatment still benefit from sequential endocrine treatments that target ER by a different mechanism. New insights into the nature and biology of ER have revealed several mechanisms sustaining altered ER signaling in endocrine-resistant tumors, including deregulated growth factor receptor signaling that results in ligand-independent ER activation, unbalanced ER co-regulator activity, and genomic alterations involving the ER gene ESR1. Therefore, biopsies of recurrent lesions are needed to assess the changes in epi/genomics and signaling landscape of ER and associated pathways in order to tailor therapies to effectively overcome endocrine resistance. In addition, more completely abolishing the levels and activity of ER and its co-activators, in combination with selected signal transduction inhibitors or agents blocking the upstream or downstream targets of the ER pathway, may provide a better therapeutic strategy in combating endocrine resistance.

  16. The Effects of the Addition of Dy, Nb, and Ga on Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Nd2Fe14B/α-Fe Nanocomposite Permanent Magnetic Alloys.

    PubMed

    Ren, Kezhi; Tan, Xiaohua; Li, Heyun; Xu, Hui; Han, Ke

    2017-03-20

    We study the effects of Dy, Nb, and Ga additions on the microstructure and magnetic properties of Nd2Fe14B/α-Fe nanocomposites. Dy, Nb, and Ga additions inhibit the growth of the soft magnetic α-Fe phase. Dy and Nb additions are able to refine the microstructure, whereas Ga addition plays only a minor role in prohibiting crystal growth. The magnetic properties are sensitive to Dy, Nb, and Ga additions. The Dy-containing alloy enhances the intrinsic coercivity of 872 kA/m because Dy partially replaces Nd, forming (Nd, Dy)2Fe14B. Nb addition refines the microstructure, and consequently increases the exchange coupling between magnetic grains. The Nd9.5Fe75.4Co5Zr3B6.5Ga0.6 alloy exhibits the highest remanence (0.92 T) due to Ga addition.

  17. Excellent magnetocaloric properties in RE2Cu2Cd (RE = Dy and Tm) compounds and its composite materials

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Yikun; Yang, Yang; Xu, Xiao; Geng, Shuhua; Hou, Long; Li, Xi; Ren, Zhongming; Wilde, Gerhard

    2016-01-01

    The magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) of ternary intermetallic RE2Cu2Cd (RE = Dy and Tm) compounds and its composite materials have been investigated in detail. Both compounds undergo a paramagnetic to ferromagnetic transition at its own Curie temperatures of TC ~ 48.5 and 15 K for Dy2Cu2Cd and Tm2Cu2Cd, respectively, giving rise to the large reversible MCE. An additionally magnetic transition can be observed around 16 K for Dy2Cu2Cd compound. The maximum values of magnetic entropy change (−ΔSMmax) are estimated to be 17.0 and 20.8 J/kg K for Dy2Cu2Cd and Tm2Cu2Cd, for a magnetic field change of 0–70 kOe, respectively. A table-like MCE in a wide temperature range of 10–70 K and enhanced refrigerant capacity (RC) are achieved in the Dy2Cu2Cd - Tm2Cu2Cd composite materials. For a magnetic field change of 0–50 kOe, the maximum improvements of RC reach 32% and 153%, in comparison with that of individual compound Dy2Cu2Cd and Tm2Cu2Cd. The excellent MCE properties suggest the RE2Cu2Cd (RE = Dy and Tm) and its composite materials could be expected to have effective applications for low temperature magnetic refrigeration. PMID:27666022

  18. Preparation, structural and magnetic characterization of DyCrMnO{sub 5}

    SciTech Connect

    Martinez-Lope, M.J.; Retuerto, M. Garcia-Hernandez, M.; Alonso, J.A.

    2009-03-15

    The title compound has been first synthesized by a citrate technique followed by thermal treatments under moderate oxygen pressure conditions, and characterized by X-ray and neutron powder diffraction (NPD) and magnetization measurements. The crystal structure of DyCrMnO{sub 5} has been refined from NPD data in the space group Pbam; a=7.2617(6) A, b=8.5161(6) A, and c=5.7126(5) A at 295 K. This oxide is isostructural with RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} oxides (R=rare earths) and it contains infinite chains of (Cr, Mn){sup 4+}O{sub 6} octahedra-sharing edges, linked together by (Mn, Cr){sup 3+}O{sub 5} pyramids and DyO{sub 8} units. The high degree of antisite disordering exhibited by DyCrMnO{sub 5} is noteworthy. The octahedral positions are occupied by roughly 50% of Mn and Cr cations, and the pyramidal groups contain two thirds of Mn and one third of Cr cations. We assume that Mn and Cr cations at the octahedral positions exhibit a tetravalent oxidation state, whereas the metals at the pyramidal positions are trivalent, in order to preserve the electroneutrality of this oxide. The susceptibility vs temperature curve of DyCrMnO{sub 5} does not suggest the establishment of a long-range magnetic structure even at low temperatures; the NPD technique does not provide any signal of magnetic ordering, since the reflections do not show any magnetic contribution. - Graphical abstract: DyCrMnO{sub 5} is isostructural with DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}, belonging to the Pbam space group. The crystal structure contains infinite chains of edge-sharing Mn{sup 4+}O{sub 6} octahedra, interconnected by dimer units of Cr{sup 3+}O{sub 5} square pyramids. The low-temperature neutron powder diffraction (NPD) patterns do not show any magnetic contribution, indicating that a full long-range magnetic ordering is not established down to low temperature, although the Dy{sup 3+} magnetic moments are susceptible to be polarized by an external magnetic field at the lowest temperature of 5 K.

  19. Homometallic Dy(III) Complexes of Varying Nuclearity from 2 to 21: Synthesis, Structure, and Magnetism.

    PubMed

    Biswas, Sourav; Das, Sourav; Acharya, Joydev; Kumar, Vierandra; van Leusen, Jan; Kögerler, Paul; Herrera, Juan Manuel; Colacio, Enrique; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2017-04-11

    The synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties of four Dy(III) coordination compounds isolated as [Dy2 (LH2 )2 (μ2 -η(1) :η(1) -Piv)]Cl⋅2 MeOH⋅H2 O (1), [Dy4 (LH)2 (μ3 -OH)2 (Piv)4 (MeOH)2 ]⋅4 MeOH⋅2 H2 O (2), [Dy6 (LH2 )3 (tfa)3 (O3 PtBu)(Cl)3 ]Cl4 ⋅15.5 H2 O⋅4 MeOH⋅5 CHCl3 (3) and [Dy21 (L)7 (LH)7 (tfa)7 ]Cl7 ⋅15 H2 O⋅7 MeOH⋅12 CHCl3 (4) are reported (Piv=pivalate, tfa=1,1,1-trifluoroacetylacetone, O3 PtBu=tert-butylphosphonate). Among these, 3 displays an equilateral triangle topology with a side length of 9.541 Å and a rare pentagonal-bipyramidal Dy(3+) environment, whereas complex 4 exhibits a single-stranded nanowheel structure with the highest nuclearity known for a homometallic lanthanide cluster structure. A tentative model of the dc magnetic susceptibility and the low-temperature magnetization of compounds 1 and 2 indicates that the former exhibits weak ferromagnetic intramolecular exchange interaction between the Dy(3+) ions, whereas in the latter both intramolecular ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic magnetic exchange interactions are present. Compounds 1, 3, and 4 exhibit frequency-dependent ac signals below 15 K at zero bias field, but without exhibiting any maximum above 2 K at frequencies up to 1400 Hz. The observed slow relaxation of the magnetization suggests that these compounds could exhibit single molecule magnet (SMM) behavior with either a thermal energy barrier for the reversal of the magnetization that is not high enough to block the magnetization above 2 K, or there exists quantum tunneling of the magnetization (QTM).

  20. ARM CLASIC ER2 CRS/EDOP

    SciTech Connect

    Gerald Heymsfield

    2010-12-20

    Data was taken with the NASA ER-2 aircraft with the Cloud Radar System and other instruments in conjunction with the DOE ARM CLASIC field campaign. The flights were near the SGP site in north Central Oklahoma and targeted small developing convection. The CRS is a 94 GHz nadir pointing Doppler radar. Also on board the ER-2 was the Cloud Physics Lidar (CPL). Seven science flights were conducted but the weather conditions did not cooperate in that there was neither developing convection, or there was heavy rain.

  1. Structural Determination of Certain Novel ER Complexes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    and Parker, T. M. (1992). Hydrophobicity-induced pK shifts in elastin protein-based polymers . Biopolymers 32, 373-379. Webb, P., Nguyen, P., and...between the aligned H12 from different complex struc- Chemicals, Materials, and Plasmids tures (OHT-ER and GW-ER) were calculated using a python script...buffer consisting of 1.5%-2% ethylene were used. 100 nM of GW7604 were added to the cells 18-24 hr imine polymer , 100 mM trisodium citrate (pH 5.6-5.7

  2. CaSO4:DY,Mn: A new and highly sensitive thermoluminescence phosphor for versatile dosimetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahl, Shaila; Lochab, S. P.; Kumar, Pratik

    2016-02-01

    With the advent of newer techniques for dose reduction coupled with the development of more sensitive detectors, the radiation doses in radiological medical investigation are decreasing. Nevertheless, keeping the tenet in mind that all radiation doses could entail risk, there is a need to develop more sensitive dosimeters capable of measuring low doses. This paper gives the account of the development of a new and sensitive phosphor CaSO4:Dy,Mn and its characterization. The standard production procedure based on the recrystallization method was used to prepare CaSO4:Dy,Mn. The Thermoluminescence (TL) studies were carried out by exposing it with gamma radiation (Cs-137) from 10 μGy to 100 Gy. The theoretical studies to determine the number of peaks and kinetic parameters related to the TL glow peaks in CaSO4:Dy,Mn was performed using the Computerized Glow Curve Deconvolution (CGCD) method. Experiments were performed to determine optimum concentration of the dopants Dysprosium (Dy) and Mangnese (Mn) in the host CaSO4 so that maximum sensitivity of the phosphor may be achieved. The optimum dopant concentration turned out to be 0.1 mol%. As there were two dopants Dy and Mn their relative ratio were varied in steps of 0.025 keeping the concentration of total dopant (Dy and Mn) 0.1 mol% always. The maximum TL intensity was seen in the CaSO4:Dy(0.025),Mn(0.075) combination. The TL sensitivity of this phosphor was found to be about 2 and 1.8 times higher than that of popular phosphor CaSO4:Dy and LiF:Mg,Cu,P (TLD-700H) respectively. This new phosphor CaSO4:Dy,Mn showed fading of 11% which is similar to that of the standard phosphor CaSO4:Dy. The paper concludes that the new, highly sensitive TL phosphor CaSO4:Dy,Mn has shown higher sensitivity and hence the potential to replace commonly used CaSO4:Dy.

  3. Caries inhibition potential of Er:YAG and Er:YSGG laser radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fried, Daniel; Featherstone, John D. B.; Visuri, Steven R.; Seka, Wolf D.; Walsh, Joseph T., Jr.

    1996-04-01

    Dental hard tissues can be ablated efficiency by (lambda) equals 3 micrometers laser irradiation with minimal subsurface thermal damage. However, the potential of lasers operating in the region of the infrared for caries preventive treatments has not been investigated. In this study, the caries inhibition potential of Er:YAG ((lambda) equals 2.94 micrometers ) and Er:YSGG ((lambda) equals 2.79 micrometers ) laser radiation on dental enamel was evaluated at various irradiation intensities. Pulsed IR radiometry and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to measure the time-resolved surface temperatures during laser irradiation and to detect changes in the surface morphology. The magnitude and temporal evolution of the surface temperature during multiple pulse irradiation of the tissue was dependent on the wavelength, irradiation intensity, and the number of laser pulses. Radiometry and SEM micrographs indicated that ablation was initiated at temperatures of approximately 300 degree(s)C for Er:YAG and 800 degree(s)C for Er:YSGG laser irradiation, well below the melting and vaporization temperatures of the carbonated hydroxyapatite mineral component (m.p. equals 1200 degree(s)C). Nevertheless, there was marked caries inhibition for irradiation intensities below those temperature thresholds, notably 60% and 40% inhibition was achieved after Er:YSGG and Er:YAG laser irradiation, respectively. These results indicate that the Er:YSGG laser can be used effectively for both preventive dental treatments and for hard tissue removal.

  4. Structural, spectroscopic, and theoretical comparison of traditional vs recently discovered Ln(2+) ions in the [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][(C5H4SiMe3)3Ln] complexes: the variable nature of Dy(2+) and Nd(2+).

    PubMed

    Fieser, Megan E; MacDonald, Matthew R; Krull, Brandon T; Bates, Jefferson E; Ziller, Joseph W; Furche, Filipp; Evans, William J

    2015-01-14

    The Ln(3+) and Ln(2+) complexes, Cp'3Ln, 1, (Cp' = C5H4SiMe3) and [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Cp'3Ln], 2, respectively, have been synthesized for the six lanthanides traditionally known in +2 oxidation states, i.e., Ln = Eu, Yb, Sm, Tm, Dy, and Nd, to allow direct structural and spectroscopic comparison with the recently discovered Ln(2+) ions of Ln = Pr, Gd, Tb, Ho, Y, Er, and Lu in 2. 2-La and 2-Ce were also prepared to allow the first comparison of all the lanthanides in the same coordination environment in both +2 and +3 oxidation states. 2-La and 2-Ce show the same unusual structural feature of the recently discovered +2 complexes, that the Ln-(Cp' ring centroid) distances are only about 0.03 Å longer than in the +3 analogs, 1. The Eu, Yb, Sm, Tm, Dy, and Nd complexes were expected to show much larger differences, but this was observed for only four of these traditional six lanthanides. 2-Dy and 2-Nd are like the new nine ions in this tris(cyclopentadienyl) coordination geometry. A DFT-based model explains the results and shows that a 4f (n)5d(1) electron configuration is appropriate not only for the nine recently discovered Ln(2+) ions in 2 but also for Dy(2+) and Nd(2+), which traditionally have 4f (n+1) electron configurations like Eu(2+), Yb(2+), Sm(2+), and Tm(2+). These results indicate that the ground state of a lanthanide ion in a molecule can be changed by the ligand set, a previously unknown option with these metals due to the limited radial extension of the 4f orbitals.

  5. Calculations of the magnetic entropy change in amorphous through a microscopic anisotropic model: Applications to Dy{sub 70}Zr{sub 30} and DyCo{sub 3.4} alloys

    SciTech Connect

    Ranke, P. J. von Nóbrega, E. P.; Ribeiro, P. O.; Alvarenga, T. S. T.; Lopes, P. H. O.; Sousa, V. S. R. de; Oliveira, N. A. de; Caldas, A.; Alho, B. P.; Carvalho, G.; Magnus, A.

    2014-10-14

    We report theoretical investigations on the magnetocaloric effect, described by the magnetic entropy change in rare earth—transition metal amorphous systems. The model includes the local anisotropy on the rare earth ions in Harris-Plischke-Zuckermann assumptions. The transition metals ions are treated in terms of itinerant electron ferromagnetism and the magnetic moment of rare earth ions is coupled to the polarized d-band by a local exchange interaction. The magnetocaloric effect was calculated in DyCo{sub 3.4} system, which presents amorphous sperimagnetic configuration. The calculations predict higher refrigerant capacity in the amorphous DyCo{sub 3.4} than in DyCo{sub 2} crystal, highlighting the importance of amorphous magnetocaloric materials. Our calculation of the magnetocaloric effect in Dy{sub 70}Zr{sub 30}, which presents amorphous asperomagnetic configuration, is in good agreement with the experimental result. Furthermore, magnetic entropy changes associated with crystal-amorphous configurations change are estimated.

  6. Low temperature properties of some Er-rich intermetallic compounds

    SciTech Connect

    K.A. Gshneidner,jr; A.O. Pecharsky; L.Hale; V.K. Pecharsky

    2004-09-30

    The low temperature volumetric heat capacity ({approx}3.5 to 350 K) and magnetic susceptibility ({approx}4 to 320 K) of Er{sub 3}Rh, Er{sub 3}Ir, Er{sub 3}Pt, Er{sub 2}Al, and Er{sub 2}Sn have been measured. All of the compounds order antiferromagnetically (or ferrimagnetically), and most exhibit more than one magnetic ordering transition. The volumetric heat capacities in general are smaller than those of the prototype magnetic regenerator materials, except for Er{sub 3}Ir in the 12 to 14 K temperature range.

  7. Creating Smart-er Cities: An Overview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allwinkle, Sam; Cruickshank, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The following offers an overview of what it means for cities to be "smart." It draws the supporting definitions and critical insights into smart cities from a series of papers presented at the 2009 Trans-national Conference on Creating Smart(er) Cities. What the papers all have in common is their desire to overcome the all too often…

  8. The QuEChERS revolution

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The technique of QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe) is only 7 years old, yet it is revolutionizing the manner in which multiresidue, multiclass pesticide analysis (and perhaps beyond) is performed. Columnist Ron Majors sits down with inventors Steve Lehotay and Michelangelo An...

  9. Magnetic properties and coercivity mechanism of isotropic HDDR NdFeB bonded magnets with Co and Dy addition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, W.; Gao, R. W.; Zhu, M. G.; Pan, W.; Li, W.; Li, X. M.; Han, G. B.; Feng, W. C.; Wang, B.

    2003-04-01

    Isotropic NdDyFeCoB bonded magnets with high coercivity of 1.59 MA/m and low temperature coefficient of remanence of -0.056%/ K (in the temperature range 298-428 K) were prepared successfully by controlling the HDDR process and adjusting the compositions. The influence of Co and Dy additions on the magnetic properties and the magnetization reversal process in magnet was investigated. The high coercivity in (Nd 0.8Dy 0.2) 13(Fe 0.875Co 0.125) 81B 6 HDDR magnet can be attributed to its unique microstructure and the enhancement of anisotropy field of 2:14:1 phase by substitution of Nd by Dy.

  10. The effect of boron doping on crystal structure, magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of DyCo2

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, C. L.; Liu, J.; Mudryk, Y.; Gschneidner, Jr., K. A.; Long, Y.; Pecharsky, V. K.

    2015-12-19

    In this study, the magnetic properties and magnetic entropy changes of DyCo2Bx (x=0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2) alloys were investigated. The Curie temperature (TC) increases with increasing B concentration. The frequency dependence of ac magnetic susceptibility of DyCo2 caused by the narrow domain wall pinning effect is depressed by B doping, but the coercivity and the magnetic viscosity are prominently increased in the B doped alloys. The magnetic transition nature of DyCo2Bx changes from the first-order to the second-order with increasing x, which leads to the decrease of the maximum magnetic entropy change. However, the relative cooling power (RCP) of DyCo2 and the B doped alloys remains nearly constant.

  11. The effect of boron doping on crystal structure, magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of DyCo2

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, C. L.; Liu, J.; Mudryk, Y.; ...

    2015-12-19

    In this study, the magnetic properties and magnetic entropy changes of DyCo2Bx (x=0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2) alloys were investigated. The Curie temperature (TC) increases with increasing B concentration. The frequency dependence of ac magnetic susceptibility of DyCo2 caused by the narrow domain wall pinning effect is depressed by B doping, but the coercivity and the magnetic viscosity are prominently increased in the B doped alloys. The magnetic transition nature of DyCo2Bx changes from the first-order to the second-order with increasing x, which leads to the decrease of the maximum magnetic entropy change. However, the relative cooling power (RCP) ofmore » DyCo2 and the B doped alloys remains nearly constant.« less

  12. The effect of boron doping on crystal structure, magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of DyCo2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, C. L.; Liu, J.; Mudryk, Y.; Gschneidner, K. A.; Long, Y.; Pecharsky, V. K.

    2016-05-01

    The magnetic properties and magnetic entropy changes of DyCo2Bx (x=0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2) alloys were investigated. The Curie temperature (TC) increases with increasing B concentration. The frequency dependence of ac magnetic susceptibility of DyCo2 caused by the narrow domain wall pinning effect is depressed by B doping, but the coercivity and the magnetic viscosity are prominently increased in the B doped alloys. The magnetic transition nature of DyCo2Bx changes from the first-order to the second-order with increasing x, which leads to the decrease of the maximum magnetic entropy change. However, the relative cooling power (RCP) of DyCo2 and the B doped alloys remains nearly constant.

  13. Directional frustration of magnetic moments in (U 0.50Dy 0.50)Ni 2B 2C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonçalves, António P.; Pereira, Laura C. J.; Silva, Paulo A. S.; Godinho, Margarida; Almeida, Manuel; Kuznietz, Moshe

    2000-02-01

    Polycrystalline (U 0.50Dy 0.50)Ni 2B 2C solid solution was prepared and found by X-ray diffraction to crystallize in BCT LuNi 2B 2C-type structure (space group I4/mmm) of the end compounds UNi 2B 2C and DyNi 2B 2C. AC susceptibility and magnetization show paramagnetic behavior down to 6.5 K, with the values θ=-5(5) K and μeff=7.7(1) μ B, compatible with those of the end compounds, and indicate possible cooperative phenomena at lower temperatures. The observed paramagnetism, at variance with antiferromagnetic ordering in (Pr 0.50Dy 0.50)Ni 2B 2C, is attributed to a directional frustration of the magnetic moments on the (U,Dy) site.

  14. Large-scale micromagnetic simulation of Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets with Dy-rich shell structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oikawa, T.; Yokota, H.; Ohkubo, T.; Hono, K.

    2016-05-01

    Large-scale micromagnetic simulations have been performed using the energy minimization method on a model with structural features similar to those of Dy grain boundary diffusion (GBD)-processed sintered magnets. Coercivity increases as a linear function of the anisotropy field of the Dy-rich shell, which is independent of Dy composition in the core as long as the shell thickness is greater than about 15 nm. This result shows that the Dy contained in the initial sintered magnets prior to the GBD process is not essential for enhancing coercivity. Magnetization reversal patterns indicate that coercivity is strongly influenced by domain wall pinning at the grain boundary. This observation is found to be consistent with the one-dimensional pinning theory.

  15. The effect of boron doping on crystal structure, magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of DyCo2

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, C. L.; Liu, J.; Mudryk, Y.; ...

    2015-12-19

    The magnetic properties and magnetic entropy changes of DyCo2Bx (x=0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2) alloys were investigated. The Curie temperature (TC) increases with increasing B concentration. The frequency dependence of ac magnetic susceptibility of DyCo2 caused by the narrow domain wall pinning effect is depressed by B doping, but the coercivity and the magnetic viscosity are prominently increased in the B doped alloys. The magnetic transition nature of DyCo2Bx changes from the first-order to the second-order with increasing x, which leads to the decrease of the maximum magnetic entropy change. Furthermore, the relative cooling power (RCP) of DyCo2 and themore » B doped alloys remains nearly constant.« less

  16. The effect of boron doping on crystal structure, magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of DyCo2

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, C. L.; Liu, J.; Mudryk, Y.; Gschneidner, Jr., K. A.; Long, Y.; Pecharsky, V. K.

    2015-12-19

    The magnetic properties and magnetic entropy changes of DyCo2Bx (x=0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2) alloys were investigated. The Curie temperature (TC) increases with increasing B concentration. The frequency dependence of ac magnetic susceptibility of DyCo2 caused by the narrow domain wall pinning effect is depressed by B doping, but the coercivity and the magnetic viscosity are prominently increased in the B doped alloys. The magnetic transition nature of DyCo2Bx changes from the first-order to the second-order with increasing x, which leads to the decrease of the maximum magnetic entropy change. Furthermore, the relative cooling power (RCP) of DyCo2 and the B doped alloys remains nearly constant.

  17. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Optical and UV photometry of SN 2013dy (Zhai+, 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhai, Q.; Zhang, J.-J.; Wang, X.-F.; Zhang, T.-M.; Liu, Z.-W.; Brown, P. J.; Huang, F.; Zhao, X.-L.; Chang, L.; Yi, W.-M.; Wang, C.-J.; Xin, Y.-X.; Wang, J.-G.; Lun, B.-L.; Zhang, X.-L.; Fan, Y.-F.; Zheng, X.-M.; Bai, J.-M.

    2016-08-01

    SN2013dy, an Type Ia supernova (SNIa), was discovered at roughly a magnitude of ~17.2mag on UT July 10.45 2013 (Universal Time) in an unfiltered image of the galaxy NGC7250 by the Lick observatory supernova search (Casper et al., 2013CBET.3588....1C). Our first observation of SN 2013dy is in spectroscopy on 2013 July 14 (Zhang & Wang 2013CBET.3394....1Z; 4.76days after the first light and published in Zheng et al. 2013ApJ...778L..15Z) with the Yunnan Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera (YFOSC) mounted at the Li-Jiang 2.4m Telescope (LJT) of Yunnan Observatories (YNAO), China. About two weeks later, we started to monitor this transient intensively at LJT in both ground-based UBVRI photometry and spectroscopy spanning from t~+0 to t~+180days. Ten local standard stars (see Table1 in the paper) in the field of SN2013dy are used to transform the instrumental magnitudes of SN2013dy to the standard Johnson UBV and Kron-Cousins RI system, as listed in Table2. Optical photometry data are also collected with the Tsinghua-NAOC 0.8m telescope (TNT) at Xing-Long Observation of National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), China, from t~-2days to t~+150days. Additionally, three spectra were obtained at the Xing-Long 2.16 m telescope (hereafter XLT) with the Bei-Jing Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera (BFOSC). Furthermore, this target was also observed by the Ultra-Violet/Optical Telescope (UVOT) on board the Swift satellite. The Swift observatory began observing SN 2013dy on 2013 July 17.09, about 10days (t~-10days) before the B band maximum, and continued for approximately 26days (t~+15days). These photometric observations are performed in three UV filters (uvw2, uvm2, and uvw1) and three broadband optical filters (uu, bb, and vv). Table3 lists the final UVOT UV/optical magnitudes of SN2013dy. (2 data files).

  18. Large Energy Barrier and Magnetization Hysteresis at 5 K for a Symmetric {Dy2} Complex with Spherical Tricapped Trigonal Prismatic Dy(III) Ions.

    PubMed

    Mazarakioti, Eleni C; Regier, Jeffery; Cunha-Silva, Luís; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Pilkington, Melanie; Tang, Jinkui; Stamatatos, Theocharis C

    2017-03-20

    The introduction of the Schiff base ligand N-salicylidene-2-amino-5-chlorobenzoic acid (sacbH2) in 4f-metal chemistry has afforded a new dinuclear complex, [Dy2(NO3)4(sacbH)2(H2O)2(MeCN)2] (1), with the metal ions adopting a rare spherical tricapped trigonal prismatic coordination geometry. The deprotonated phenoxido O atoms of the organic chelate occupy the axial triangular faces of the prism and were found to be very close to the main anisotropy axes of the two Dy(III) ions. As a result, the {Dy(III)2} compound exhibits frequency- and temperature-dependent out-of-phase ac signals below ∼25 K in the absence of a static dc field, yielding an energy barrier of 109.3(1) K for the reversal of magnetization. Fast and efficient quantum tunneling of magnetization, attributed to the strong tails of signals below ∼15 K, was suppressed through the application of a small dc field, yielding entirely visible χM″ signals below 27 K. Single-crystal magnetic hysteresis studies confirmed the single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior of 1; the hysteresis loops appear at temperatures below ∼5 K, which is one of the highest blocking temperatures in the field of 4f-SMMs to date. This joint magneto-structural and ab initio study demonstrates the ability of more common coordination numbers (i.e., 9), but with rare coordination geometries (i.e., spherical tricapped trigonal prismatic), to promote axiality that enhances the molecular anisotropy and subsequently the magnetization dynamics of the system.

  19. Production and validation of model iron-tannate dyed textiles for use as historic textile substitutes in stabilisation treatment studies

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background For millennia, iron-tannate dyes have been used to colour ceremonial and domestic objects shades of black, grey, or brown. Surviving iron-tannate dyed objects are part of our cultural heritage but their existence is threatened by the dye itself which can accelerate oxidation and acid hydrolysis of the substrate. This causes many iron-tannate dyed textiles to discolour and decrease in tensile strength and flexibility at a faster rate than equivalent undyed textiles. The current lack of suitable stabilisation treatments means that many historic iron-tannate dyed objects are rapidly crumbling to dust with the knowledge and value they hold being lost forever. This paper describes the production, characterisation, and validation of model iron-tannate dyed textiles as substitutes for historic iron-tannate dyed textiles in the development of stabilisation treatments. Spectrophotometry, surface pH, tensile testing, SEM-EDX, and XRF have been used to characterise the model textiles. Results On application to textiles, the model dyes imparted mid to dark blue-grey colouration, an immediate tensile strength loss of the textiles and an increase in surface acidity. The dyes introduced significant quantities of iron into the textiles which was distributed in the exterior and interior of the cotton, abaca, and silk fibres but only in the exterior of the wool fibres. As seen with historic iron-tannate dyed objects, the dyed cotton, abaca, and silk textiles lost tensile strength faster and more significantly than undyed equivalents during accelerated thermal ageing and all of the dyed model textiles, most notably the cotton, discoloured more than the undyed equivalents on ageing. Conclusions The abaca, cotton, and silk model textiles are judged to be suitable for use as substitutes for cultural heritage materials in the testing of stabilisation treatments. PMID:22616934

  20. Interaction of Er{sup 3+} ions in Er-doped calcium - niobium - gallium garnet crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Malov, A V; Popov, A V; Ryabochkina, P A; Bol'shakov, E V

    2010-08-03

    The processes of nonradiative energy transfer in calcium - niobium - gallium garnet (CNGG) crystals doped with Er{sup 3+} ions are studied. It is found that the energy of erbium ions in the Er:CNGG crystal with the erbium atomic concentrations C{sub Er}=6% and 11% is transferred via the nonradiative co-operative processes {sup 4}I{sub 11/2{yields}} {sup 4}I{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}I{sub 11/2{yields}} {sup 4}F{sub 7/2}, {sup 4}I{sub 11/2{yields}} {sup 4}I{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}I{sub 13/2{yields}} {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}; and {sup 4}I{sub 13/2{yields}} {sup 4}I{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}I{sub 13/2{yields}} {sup 4}I{sub 9/2}, whose efficiency increases with increasing intensity of exciting radiation. It is shown that the cross-relaxation processes {sup 4}S{sub 3/2{yields}}{sup 4}I{sub 9/2}, {sup 4}I{sub 15/2{yields}}{sup 4}I{sub 13/2}, whose intensity depends on the concentration of Er{sup 3+} ions, are characteristic for Er:CNGG crystals with the Er atomic concentration above 1%. (active media)

  1. Spectroscopic properties of Er3+, Yb3 + and Er3 + /Yb3+ doped metaphosphate glasses.

    PubMed

    Speghini, A; Francini, R; Martinez, A; Tavernese, M; Bettinell, M

    2001-09-01

    The absorption and emission spectroscopies of Er3+ doped and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped Ca(PO3)2, Sr(PO3)2 and Ba(PO3)2 glasses have been studied. From the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, the spontaneous emission probabilities of some relevant transitions and the radiative lifetimes of several excited states of Er3+ have been calculated. The decay curves of the Er3+ emission at 1.5 microm have been measured at different temperatures. The data have been fitted using a stretched exponential function and the obtained experimental lifetimes have been compared with the calculated radiative lifetimes. The difference between the experimental and calculated lifetimes is attributed to the presence of traces of OH groups in the host glasses. The absolute OH content in some glasses has been determined from the infrared spectra. The emission spectra at 1.5 microm of the Er3+ ion in the codoped glasses have been measured at different temperatures. The integrated emission intensities decrease significantly on passing from room temperature to 13 K, suggesting a temperature dependence of the rate of the energy transfer process between Yb3+ and Er3+.

  2. 155. Credit ER. Hand cleaning and trimming of Coleman canal ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    155. Credit ER. Hand cleaning and trimming of Coleman canal after excavation by steam shovel. (ER, v. 64 1911 p. 701). - Battle Creek Hydroelectric System, Battle Creek & Tributaries, Red Bluff, Tehama County, CA

  3. ER Consolidated Qtrly Rpt_April-June 2016_October 2016

    SciTech Connect

    Cochran, John R.

    2016-10-01

    This Environmental Restoration Operations (ER) Consolidated Quarterly Report (ER Quarterly Report) provides the status of ongoing corrective action activities being implemented by Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (SNL/NM) for the April, May, and June 2016 quarterly reporting period.

  4. 150. Credit ER. Building reinforced concrete portion of Coleman Canal ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    150. Credit ER. Building reinforced concrete portion of Coleman Canal inverted siphon #2. Longitudinal steel reinforcing rods are visible at bottom. (ER, v. 64 1911 p. 702). - Battle Creek Hydroelectric System, Battle Creek & Tributaries, Red Bluff, Tehama County, CA

  5. Efficient photoluminescence of Dy{sup 3+} at low concentrations in nanocrystalline ZrO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect

    Diaz-Torres, L.A.; Rosa, E. de la Salas, P.; Romero, V.H.; Angeles-Chavez, C.

    2008-01-15

    Nanocrystalline ZrO{sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} were prepared by sol-gel and the structural and photoluminescence properties characterized. The crystallite size ranges from 20 to 50 nm and the crystalline phase is a mixture of tetragonal and monoclinic structure controlled by dopant concentration. Strong white light produced by the host emission band centered at {approx}460 nm and two strong Dy{sup 3+} emission bands, blue (488 nm) and yellow (580 nm), under direct excitation at 350 nm were observed. The highest efficiency was obtained for 0.5 mol% of Dy{sup 3+}. Emission is explained in terms of high asymmetry of the host suggesting that Dy{sup 3+} are substituted mainly into Zr{sup 4+} lattice sites at the crystallite surface. Luminescence quenching is explained in terms of cross-relaxation of intermediate Dy{sup 3+} levels. - Graphical abstract: White light emission from {approx}70 nm ZrO{sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} nanocrystals. The highest efficiency was obtained for 0.5 mol% of dopant and the dominant crystalline structure was monoclinic.

  6. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study of Dy-doped Bi2Te3 topological insulator thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Figueroa, A. I.; Baker, A. A.; Harrison, S. E.; Kummer, K.; van der Laan, G.; Hesjedal, T.

    2017-01-01

    Magnetic doping of topological insulators (TIs) is crucial for unlocking novel quantum phenomena, paving the way for spintronics applications. Recently, we have shown that doping with rare earth ions introduces large magnetic moments and allows for high doping concentrations without the loss of crystal quality, however no long range magnetic order was observed. In Dy-doped Bi2Te3 we found a band gap opening above a critical doping concentration, despite the paramagnetic bulk behavior. Here, we present a surface-sensitive x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) study of an in situ cleaved film in the cleanest possible environment. The Dy M4,5 absorption spectra measured with circularly polarized x-rays are fitted using multiplet calculations to obtain the effective magnetic moment. Arrott-Noakes plots, measured by the Dy M5 XMCD as a function of field at low temperatures, give a negative transition temperature. The evaporation of a ferromagnetic Co thin film did not introduce ferromagnetic ordering of the Dy dopants either; instead a lowering of the transition temperature was observed, pointing towards an antiferromagnetic ordering scenario. This result shows that there is a competition between the magnetic exchange interaction and the Zeeman interaction. The latter favors the Co and Dy magnetic moments to be both aligned along the direction of the applied magnetic field, while the exchange interaction is minimized if the Dy and Co atoms are antiferromagnetically coupled, as in zero applied field.

  7. BaGdF5:Dy(3+),Tb(3+),Eu(3+) multifunctional nanospheres: paramagnetic, luminescence, energy transfer, and tunable color.

    PubMed

    Guan, Hongxia; Song, Yanhua; Zheng, Keyan; Sheng, Ye; Zou, Haifeng

    2016-05-18

    A series of Dy(3+),Tb(3+) and Eu(3+) singly, doubly or triply doped BaGdF5 phosphors were synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method with l-arginine, and their energy transfer, migrations and multicolored luminescence properties were investigated in detail. The as-prepared Dy(3+),Tb(3+) or Eu(3+) doped samples showed strong blue, green and red emission, respectively. Different hues of green and red light were obtained by co-doped Dy(3+),Tb(3+) and Tb(3+),Eu(3+) in the BaGdF5 host, respectively. More significantly, in the Dy(3+),Tb(3+),Eu(3+) tri-doped BaGdF5 phosphors, colors changed from yellow green to orange red by adjusting the doping concentration of Eu(3+). Energy migrations from Dy(3+) to Tb(3+) and from Tb(3+) to Eu(3+) are reported in detail. Furthermore, the obtained samples exhibit paramagnetic properties at room temperature and low temperature. It is obvious that these Dy(3+), Tb(3+), Eu(3+) singly or doubly or triply doped BaGdF5 nanomaterials with tunable multicolored luminescence properties may have potential applications in the fields of full-color displays, biological labels and bio-separation.

  8. White Light Emissive Dy(III) Single-Molecule Magnets Sensitized by Diamagnetic [Co(III) (CN)6 ](3-) Linkers.

    PubMed

    Chorazy, Szymon; Rams, Michał; Nakabayashi, Koji; Sieklucka, Barbara; Ohkoshi, Shin-Ichi

    2016-05-23

    The self-assembly of Dy(III) -3-hydroxypyridine (3-OHpy) complexes with hexacyanidocobaltate(III) anions in water produces cyanido-bridged {[Dy(III) (3-OHpy)2 (H2 O)4 ] [Co(III) (CN)6 ]}⋅H2 O (1) chains. They reveal a single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior with a large zero direct current (dc) field energy barrier, ΔE=266(12) cm(-1) (≈385 K), originating from the single-ion property of eight-coordinated Dy(III) of an elongated dodecahedral geometry, which are embedded with diamagnetic [Co(III) (CN)6 ](3-) ions into zig-zag coordination chains. The SMM character is enhanced by the external dc magnetic field, which results in the ΔE of 320(23) cm(-1) (≈460 K) at Hdc =1 kOe, and the opening of a butterfly hysteresis loop below 6 K. Complex 1 exhibits white Dy(III) -based emission realized by energy transfer from Co(III) and 3-OHpy to Dy(III) . Low temperature emission spectra were correlated with SMM property giving the estimation of the zero field ΔE. 1 is a unique example of bifunctional magneto-luminescent material combining white emission and slow magnetic relaxation with a large energy barrier, both controlled by rich structural and electronic interplay between Dy(III) , 3-OHpy, and [Co(III) (CN)6 ](3-) .

  9. Strategic coating of NdFeB magnets with Dy to improve the coercivity of permanent magnets

    DOE PAGES

    Ucar, Huseyin; Parker, David S.; Nlebedim, I. C.; ...

    2015-12-25

    Here, we present a method, supported by theoretical analysis, for optimizing the usage of the critical rare earth element dysprosium in Nd2Fe14B (NdFeB)-based permanent magnets. In this method, we use Dy selectively in locations such as magnet edges and faces, where demagnetization factors are most significant, rather than uniformly throughout the bulk sample. A 200 nm thick Dy film was sputtered onto commercial N-38, NdFeB magnets with a thickness of 3 mm and post-annealed at temperatures from 600 - 700 C. Magnets displayed enhanced coercivities after post-annealing. Furthermore, our experimental results indicate as large as a 5 percent increase inmore » the energy product of NdFeB magnets, achieved for a total Dy weight percentage of 0.06 percent, much less than that used in commercial grade Dy-NdFeB magnets. Finally, by assuming all Dy diffused into NdFeB magnets, the improvement in energy product corresponds to a saving of over 1% Dy (critical element). Magnets manufactured using this technique will therefore be higher performing and significantly less expensive than those made presently.« less

  10. Strategic coating of NdFeB magnets with Dy to improve the coercivity of permanent magnets

    SciTech Connect

    Ucar, Huseyin; Parker, David S.; Nlebedim, I. C.; McCallum, R. W.; McCall, S. K.; Parans Paranthaman, M.

    2015-12-25

    Here, we present a method, supported by theoretical analysis, for optimizing the usage of the critical rare earth element dysprosium in Nd2Fe14B (NdFeB)-based permanent magnets. In this method, we use Dy selectively in locations such as magnet edges and faces, where demagnetization factors are most significant, rather than uniformly throughout the bulk sample. A 200 nm thick Dy film was sputtered onto commercial N-38, NdFeB magnets with a thickness of 3 mm and post-annealed at temperatures from 600 - 700 C. Magnets displayed enhanced coercivities after post-annealing. Furthermore, our experimental results indicate as large as a 5 percent increase in the energy product of NdFeB magnets, achieved for a total Dy weight percentage of 0.06 percent, much less than that used in commercial grade Dy-NdFeB magnets. Finally, by assuming all Dy diffused into NdFeB magnets, the improvement in energy product corresponds to a saving of over 1% Dy (critical element). Magnets manufactured using this technique will therefore be higher performing and significantly less expensive than those made presently.

  11. Surface photo-discoloration and degradation of dyed wood veneer exposed to different wavelengths of artificial light

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Yi; Shao, Lingmin; Gao, Jianmin; Guo, Hongwu; Chen, Yao; Cheng, Qingzheng; Via, Brian K.

    2015-03-01

    The surface of dyed wood is prone to discoloration when exposed to light irradiation which significantly decreases its decorative effect and shortens its service life. The influence of light wavelength exposure to the surface of dyed wood was investigated to study the effect on discoloration and degradation. Acid Blue V and Acid Red GR dyed wood veneers were subjected to light exposure with different wavelengths from the UV to visible region (254-420 nm). Results showed that the surface discoloration of dyed wood was linearly related to lignin concentration and dyes degradation and the consequent transformation of chromophoric groups such as aromatic (Cdbnd C) and carbonyl (Cdbnd O) through methoxy reaction. The dyes, lignin and some active constituents were degraded severely, even at short exposures. Acid Blue V dyed wood exhibited greater discoloration than the Acid Red GR treatment. The reflectance and K/S absorption curve showed a hypochromic effect on the dyed wood surface. The dyes and wood chemical structure played a complex and combined role on the selective absorption of different wavelengths of light. The color change rate was apparent with 254 nm exposure in the initial stages, but a greater discoloration rate occurred on the samples irradiated at 313 and 340 nm than at 254 and 420 nm with the time prolonged. The degradation rate and degree of discoloration correlated well with the light energy and wavelength.

  12. PERK is required at the ER-mitochondrial contact sites to convey apoptosis after ROS-based ER stress.

    PubMed

    Verfaillie, T; Rubio, N; Garg, A D; Bultynck, G; Rizzuto, R; Decuypere, J-P; Piette, J; Linehan, C; Gupta, S; Samali, A; Agostinis, P

    2012-11-01

    Endoplasmic reticulum stress is emerging as an important modulator of different pathologies and as a mechanism contributing to cancer cell death in response to therapeutic agents. In several instances, oxidative stress and the onset of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress occur together; yet, the molecular events linking reactive oxygen species (ROS) to ER stress-mediated apoptosis are currently unknown. Here, we show that PERK (RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR)-like ER kinase), a key ER stress sensor of the unfolded protein response, is uniquely enriched at the mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs). PERK(-/-) cells display disturbed ER morphology and Ca(2+) signaling as well as significantly weaker ER-mitochondria contact sites. Re-expression of a kinase-dead PERK mutant but not the cytoplasmic deletion mutant of PERK in PERK(-/-) cells re-establishes ER-mitochondria juxtapositions and mitochondrial sensitization to ROS-mediated stress. In contrast to the canonical ER stressor thapsigargin, during ROS-mediated ER stress, PERK contributes to apoptosis twofold by sustaining the levels of pro-apoptotic C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and by facilitating the propagation of ROS signals between the ER and mitochondria through its tethering function. Hence, this study reveals an unprecedented role of PERK as a MAMs component required to maintain the ER-mitochondria juxtapositions and propel ROS-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis. Furthermore, it suggests that loss of PERK may cause defects in cell death sensitivity in pathological conditions linked to ROS-mediated ER stress.

  13. Concentration dependent spectroscopic properties of Dy3+ ions doped boro-phosphate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mariyappan, M.; Marimuthu, K.

    2016-05-01

    Dy3+ ions doped boro-phosphate glasses have been synthesized by melt quenching method and characterized through FTIR, absorption and luminescence spectral measurements. The presence of various stretching and bending vibrations of different borate and phosphate groups were identified from the FTIR spectra. In order to examine the electronic band structure of the studied glasses, Optical energy gap (Eopt) and Urbach energy (ΔE) values were estimated from the absorption spectra. The Judd-Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters were calculated to examine the symmetry of the ligand environment around the Dy3+ ions site. The emission spectra exhibit two intense emission bands at around 482 nm (blue) and 574 nm (yellow) corresponding to the 4F9/2→6H15/2 and 4F9/2→6H13/2 transitions respectively. The emission spectra were characterized through Commission International d'Eclairage (CIE) 1931 chromaticity diagram to explore its suitability for WLED applications.

  14. Blue emissions in Dy3+ doped Y4Al2O9 crystals for temperature sensing.

    PubMed

    Boruc, Zuzanna; Kaczkan, Marcin; Fetlinski, Bartosz; Turczynski, Sebastian; Malinowski, Michal

    2012-12-15

    Temperature dependent emission spectra and decay times of trivalent dysprosium (Dy3) activated Y4Al2O9 (YAM) crystals have been studied for the first time (to our knowledge). The ratio of emission lines intensity can be used in temperature measurements, as it is not dependent on the variability of absolute intensity. The Boltzmann model was applied for modeling the temperature variation of the 4I15/2 and 4F9/2 states emissions relative intensities 455 and 481 nm, respectively. The calculated approximation gives highest sensor sensitivity of about 3×10(-3)°C-1 for the 600°C-800°C range, which allows for an expectation of usefulness of Dy3+:YAM in high-temperature luminescence thermometry. Also, the measured decay times are suitable for temperature sensing.

  15. The effect of magnetic annealing on the magnetostriction for Sm-Dy-Fe rod alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Bowen; Wang, Zhihua; Weng, Ling; Huang, Wenmei; Sun, Ying; Cui, Baozhi

    2013-05-01

    The Sm0.86Dy0.14Fex (x = 1.85-2.05) magnetostrictive alloys have been prepared with arc-melting and then cast into a copper mold with a diameter of 8 mm. It is found that the magnetostriction (λ// - λ⊥) increases from -900 × 10-6 for untreated rod alloys to -1200 × 10-6 for magnetically annealed rod alloys at the magnetic field of 640 kA/m. In the magnetic annealing temperature range of 483-643 K, the magnetostriction value exhibits a peak at 543 K. The variation of magnetostriction and magnetization with magnetic fields has been determined and the mechanism of domains' movements has been discussed. This result is very important to improve the magnetostrictive property of Sm-Dy-Fe rod alloys.

  16. The compressive stress effect on the magnetostriction and magnetization for Sm-Dy-Fe composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Bowen; Wang, Zhihua; Hao, Yanming; Weng, Ling; Huang, Wenmei; Yan, Weili

    2012-04-01

    Sm0.88Dy0.12Fe2 rod composites were fabricated under a compaction pressure of 800 MPa along the rod direction and in a magnetic field of 200 kA/m along the direction, perpendicular to the rod axis. It is found that the magnetostriction λ|| parallel to the rod direction is almost unchanged with increasing the compressive stress up to 20 MPa and shows a large unsaturated magnetostriction value of -620 × 10-6 at 600 kA/m. The magnetostriction λ⊥ perpendicular to rod axis increases with increasing the compressive stress when the magnetic field is larger than 300 kA/m. The variation of the magnetostriction and magnetization with compressive stress has been discussed. This result is very important to application of Sm-Dy-Fe composites.

  17. A binuclear Fe(III)Dy(III) single molecule magnet. Quantum effects and models.

    PubMed

    Ferbinteanu, Marilena; Kajiwara, Takashi; Choi, Kwang-Yong; Nojiri, Hiroyuki; Nakamoto, Akio; Kojima, Norimichi; Cimpoesu, Fanica; Fujimura, Yuichi; Takaishi, Shinya; Yamashita, Masahiro

    2006-07-19

    The binuclear [FeIII(bpca)(mu-bpca)Dy(NO3)4], having Single Molecule Magnet (SMM) properties, belonging to a series of isostructural FeIIILnIII complexes (Ln = Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho) and closely related FeIILnIII chain structures, was characterized in concise experimental and theoretical respects. The low temperature magnetization data showed hysteresis and tunneling. The anomalous temperature dependence of Mössbauer spectra is related to the onset of magnetic order, consistent with the magnetization relaxation time scale resulting from AC susceptibility measurements. The advanced ab initio calculations (CASSCF and spin-orbit) revealed the interplay of ligand field, spin-orbit, and exchange effects and probed the effective Ising nature of the lowest states, involved in the SMM and tunneling effects.

  18. PREFACE: International Conference on Dynamics of Systems on the Nanoscale (DySoN 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solov'yov, Andrey V.

    2013-06-01

    Conference logo The Second International Conference 'Dynamics of Systems on the Nanoscale' (DySoN 2012) took place in Saint Petersburg, Russia between 30 September and 4 October 2012. The venue was the Courtyard by Marriott St Petersburg Vasilievsky Hotel, 2nd line of Vasilievsky Island 61/30A, 199178. The conference was organized by the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies - Goethe University, A F Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute and Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University. This DySoN conference has been built upon a series of International Symposia 'Atomic Cluster Collisions: structure and dynamics from the nuclear to the biological scale' (ISACC 2003, ISACC 2007, ISACC 2008, ISACC 2009 and ISACC 2011). During these meetings it has become clear that there is a need for an interdisciplinary conference covering a broader range of topics than just atomic cluster collisions, related to the Dynamics of Systems on a Nanoscale. Therefore, in 2010 it was decided to launch a new conference series under the title 'Dynamics of Systems on the Nanoscale'. The first DySoN conference took place at the National Research Council, Rome, Italy in 2010. The DySoN 2012 is the second conference in this series. The DySoN 2012 Conference promoted the growth and exchange of interdisciplinary scientific information on the structure, formation and dynamics of animate and inanimate matter on the nanometer scale. There are many examples of complex many-body systems of micro- and nanometer scale size exhibiting unique features, properties and functions. These systems may have very different nature and origin, e.g. atomic and molecular clusters, nanoobjects, ensembles of nanoparticles, nanostructures, biomolecules, biomolecular and mesoscopic systems. A detailed understanding of the structure and dynamics of these systems on the nanometer scale is an important fundamental task, the solution of which is necessary in numerous applications of nano- and biotechnology, material science

  19. Emergent order in the kagome Ising magnet Dy3Mg2Sb3O14

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paddison, Joseph A. M.; Ong, Harapan S.; Hamp, James O.; Mukherjee, Paromita; Bai, Xiaojian; Tucker, Matthew G.; Butch, Nicholas P.; Castelnovo, Claudio; Mourigal, Martin; Dutton, S. E.

    2016-12-01

    The Ising model--in which degrees of freedom (spins) are binary valued (up/down)--is a cornerstone of statistical physics that shows rich behaviour when spins occupy a highly frustrated lattice such as kagome. Here we show that the layered Ising magnet Dy3Mg2Sb3O14 hosts an emergent order predicted theoretically for individual kagome layers of in-plane Ising spins. Neutron-scattering and bulk thermomagnetic measurements reveal a phase transition at ~0.3 K from a disordered spin-ice-like regime to an emergent charge ordered state, in which emergent magnetic charge degrees of freedom exhibit three-dimensional order while spins remain partially disordered. Monte Carlo simulations show that an interplay of inter-layer interactions, spin canting and chemical disorder stabilizes this state. Our results establish Dy3Mg2Sb3O14 as a tuneable system to study interacting emergent charges arising from kagome Ising frustration.

  20. Inelastic Neutron Scattering and Magnetisation Investigation of an Exchange-Coupled Dy2 SMM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baker, Michael L.; Zhang, Qing; Sarachik, Myriam P.; Kent, Andrew D.; Chen, Yizhang; Butch, Nicholas; Pineda, Eufemio M.; McInnes, Eric

    The strong spin orbit coupling and weak crystal field energies of simple exchange-coupled rare earth SMMs makes the precise evaluation of their magnetic properties nontrivial. Here we report a detailed investigation of the single molecule magnet hqH2Dy2(hq)4(NO3)3MeOH. Inelastic neutron scattering is used to obtain direct access to several low energy crystal field excitations. The INS results display several features that are not found in earlier FIR absorption experiments, while other features found in the latter are absent. Based on the effective point charge model, numerical calculations are currently underway to resolve these apparent discrepancies using complementary magnetisation measurements to resolve the exchange between Dy ions. Work supported by ARO W911NF-13-1-1025 (CCNY) and NSF-DMR-1309202 (NYU).

  1. Physicochemical characterization of thermally aged Egyptian linen dyed with organic natural dyestuffs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kourkoumelis, N.; El-Gaoudy, H.; Varella, E.; Kovala-Demertzi, D.

    2013-08-01

    A number of organic natural dyestuffs used in dyeing in ancient times, i.e. indigo, madder, turmeric, henna, cochineal, saffron and safflower, have been used to colour Egyptian fabrics based on linen. Their physicochemical properties have been evaluated on thermally aged linen samples. The aged dyed linen samples were thoroughly examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and tensile strength and elongation measurements. It was found that, in the molecular level, dyes interact mainly with the cellulose compounds of the aged linen while in the macroscopic level tensile and elongation parameters are altered. Tensile strength is positively related to the dye treatment while elongation depends specifically on the type of the dye used. Results converge that the dyed textiles did indeed play a role as protecting agents affecting strength and reducing thermal deterioration.

  2. Effect of copper on the properties of Pr-Dy-Fe-Co-B sintered magnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kablov, E. N.; Piskorskii, V. P.; Valeev, R. A.; Volkov, N. V.; Davydova, E. A.; Shaikhutdinov, K. A.; Balaev, D. A.; Semenov, S. V.

    2014-01-01

    The effect of copper on the properties of magnets (Pr0.52Dy0.48)13(Fe65Co0.35)80.3 - x Cu x B6.7 ( x = 0-10) has been studied. Alloying with copper is shown to decrease the sintering temperature and to increase the content of the principal (Pr,Dy)2(Fe,Co)14B magnetic phase. For compositions with x = 1.3-3.3, copper is found to affect the value and sign of the temperature induction coefficient (TIC). It is shown that the effect of copper on the TIC is determined by the substitution of copper ions for iron ions in lattice sites, which are coupled via an antiferromagnetic exchange interaction.

  3. DyNet: visualization and analysis of dynamic molecular interaction networks

    PubMed Central

    Goenawan, Ivan H.; Lynn, David J.

    2016-01-01

    Summary: The ability to experimentally determine molecular interactions on an almost proteome-wide scale under different conditions is enabling researchers to move from static to dynamic network analysis, uncovering new insights into how interaction networks are physically rewired in response to different stimuli and in disease. Dynamic interaction data presents a special challenge in network biology. Here, we present DyNet, a Cytoscape application that provides a range of functionalities for the visualization, real-time synchronization and analysis of large multi-state dynamic molecular interaction networks enabling users to quickly identify and analyze the most ‘rewired’ nodes across many network states. Availability and Implementation: DyNet is available at the Cytoscape (3.2+) App Store (http://apps.cytoscape.org/apps/dynet). Contact: david.lynn@sahmri.com. Supplementary Information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:27153624

  4. Parametric Models of NIR Transmission and Reflectivity Spectra for Dyed Fabrics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-07-29

    control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e...Unlimited Unclassified Unlimited 36 Daniel Aiken (202) 279-5293 Parametric Modeling Inverse /direct analysis Dielectric function This study examines...parametric modeling of near-infrared (NIR) transmission and reflectivity spectra for dyed fabrics, which provides for both their inverse and direct

  5. Optical and luminescence properties of Dy3+ ions in phosphate based glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasool, Sk. Nayab; Rama Moorthy, L.; Jayasankar, C. K.

    2013-08-01

    Phosphate glasses with compositions of 44P2O5 + 17K2O + 9Al2O3 + (30 - x)CaF2 + xDy2O3 (x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 mol %) were prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), optical absorption, emission and decay measurements. The observed absorption bands were analyzed by using the free-ion Hamiltonian (HFI) model. The Judd-Ofelt (JO) analysis has been performed and the intensity parameters (Ωλ, λ = 2, 4, 6) were evaluated in order to predict the radiative properties of the excited states. From the emission spectra, the effective band widths (Δλeff), stimulated emission cross-sections (σ(λp)), yellow to blue (Y/B) intensity ratios and chromaticity color coordinates (x, y) have been determined. The fluorescence decays from the 4F9/2 level of Dy3+ ions were measured by monitoring the intense 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 transition (486 nm). The experimental lifetimes (τexp) are found to decrease with the increase of Dy3+ ions concentration due to the quenching process. The decay curves are perfectly single exponential at lower concentrations and gradually changes to non-exponential for higher concentrations. The non-exponential decay curves are well fitted to the Inokuti-Hirayama (IH) model for S = 6, which indicates that the energy transfer between the donor and acceptor is of dipole-dipole type. The systematic analysis of revealed that the energy transfer mechanism strongly depends on Dy3+ ions concentration and the host glass composition.

  6. Structural Studies on Dy to 119 GPa and Applications to Lanthanide Systematics

    SciTech Connect

    Patterson, J; Akella, J

    2005-05-31

    The Rare Earth elements (REE) are known to undergo crystallographic as well as electronic structure changes with applied pressure. On increasing pressure, the trivalent lanthanides follow the sequence hcp {yields} Sm-type {yields} dhcp {yields} fcc {yields} dfcc. In this report we present room-temperature high-pressure x-ray diffraction data for Dy as well as our observations on the post-dfcc phases and concomitant volume changes in the heavy REE.

  7. Synthesis, characterization, and photoluminescence of Er2O3-Er2SO2 nanoparticles on reduced graphene oxide.

    PubMed

    Kalugin, Nikolai G; Roy, Aaron; Artyushkova, Kateryna; Serov, Alexey

    2017-03-30

    Thermal reduction of erbium nitrate and S-doped reduced graphene oxide (rGO) mixture resulted in the formation of small (~3-18 nm-sized) Er2O3-Er2SO2 nanoparticles with a high degree of surface coverage on the reduced graphene oxide support. The morphology, structure, and the chemical composition of the synthesized nanoparticles have been studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and by optical spectroscopies. The rGO-supported Er2O3-Er2SO2 nanoparticles (Er2O3-Er2SO2 /rGO) demonstrate sufficiently strong light emission (luminescence and upconversion) in the visible and near-infrared range via intra-4f Er3+ optical transitions. The reported synthetic approach demonstrates a novel method for synthesizing Er-containing nanoparticles for sensor applications.

  8. Pursuit of Record Breaking Energy Barriers: A Study of Magnetic Axiality in Diamide Ligated Dy(III) Single-Molecule Magnets.

    PubMed

    Harriman, Katie L M; Brosmer, Jonathan L; Ungur, Liviu; Diaconescu, Paula L; Murugesu, Muralee

    2017-02-01

    Dy(III) single-ion magnets (SIMs) with strong axial donors and weak equatorial ligands are attractive model systems with which to harness the maximum magnetic anisotropy of Dy(III) ions. Utilizing a rigid ferrocene diamide ligand (NN(TBS)), a Dy(III) SIM, (NN(TBS))DyI(THF)2, 1-Dy (NN(TBS) = fc(NHSitBuMe2)2, fc = 1,1'-ferrocenediyl), composed of a near linear arrangement of donor atoms, exhibits a large energy barrier to spin reversal (770.8 K) and magnetic blocking (14 K). The effects of the transverse ligands on the magnetic and electronic structure of 1-Dy were investigated through ab initio methods, eliciting significant magnetic axiality, even in the fourth Kramers doublet, thus demonstrating the potential of rigid diamide ligands in the design of new SIMs with defined magnetic axiality.

  9. Single-molecule magnet behavior in an octanuclear dysprosium(iii) aggregate inherited from helical triangular Dy3 SMM-building blocks.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Li; Zhang, Peng; Zhao, Lang; Wu, Jianfeng; Guo, Mei; Tang, Jinkui

    2016-06-28

    An unprecedented octanuclear dysprosium(iii) cluster with the formula [Dy8L6(μ3-OH)4(μ2-CH3O)2(CH3OH)6(H2O)2]·6H2O·10CH3OH·2CH3CN () based on a nonlinearly tritopic aroylhydrazone ligand H3L has been isolated, realizing the successful linking of pairwise interesting triangular Dy3 SMMs. It is noteworthy that two enantiomers (Λ and Δ configurations) individually behaving as a coordination-induced chirality presented in the Dy3 helicate are connected in the meso Dy8 cluster. Remarkably, alternating-current magnetic susceptibility measurements revealed that the Dy8 cluster shows typical SMM behavior inherited from its Dy3 helical precursor. It is one of the rare polynuclear Lnn SMMs (n > 7) under zero dc field.

  10. CD90-positive cells, an additional cell population, produce laminin {alpha}2 upon transplantation to dy{sup 3k}/dy{sup 3k} mice

    SciTech Connect

    Fukada, So-ichiro Yamamoto, Yukiko; Segawa, Masashi; Sakamoto, Kenta; Nakajima, Mari; Sato, Masaki; Morikawa, Daisuke; Uezumi, Akiyoshi; Miyagoe-Suzuki, Yuko; Takeda, Shin'ichi; Tsujikawa, Kazutake; Yamamoto, Hiroshi

    2008-01-01

    Laminin {alpha}2 is a component of skeletal and cardiac muscle basal lamina. A defect of the laminin {alpha}2 chain leads to severe congenital muscular dystrophy (MDC1A) in humans and dy/dy mice. Myogenic cells including myoblasts, myotubes, and myofibers in skeletal muscle are a possible source of the laminin {alpha}2 chain, and myogenic cells are thus proposed as a cell source for congenital muscular dystrophy therapy. However, we observed production of laminin {alpha}2 in non-myogenic cells of normal mice, and we could enrich these laminin {alpha}2-producing cells in CD90{sup +} cell fractions. Intriguingly, the number of CD90{sup +} cells increased dramatically during skeletal muscle regeneration in mice. This fraction did not include myogenic cells but exhibited a fibroblast-like phenotype. Moreover, these cells were resident in skeletal muscle, not derived from bone marrow. Finally, the production of laminin {alpha}2 in CD90{sup +} cells was not dependent on fusion with myogenic cells. Thus, CD90{sup +} cells are a newly identified additional cell fraction that increased during skeletal muscle regeneration in vivo and could be another cell source for therapy for lama2-deficient muscular dystrophy.

  11. Physical and optical properties of magnesium sulfoborate glasses doped Dy3+ ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dalhatu, S. A.; Deraman, Karim; Hussin, R.

    2016-04-01

    The optical properties of alkaline earth borate glasses doped with rare earth are attractive field of research due to many optical applications. We have concentrated on the physical and optical properties of MgO-SO4-B2O3 glass with different concentrations of Dy3+ ions. The samples of glass were prepared using the melting quenching technique. The physical parameter and optical properties of the prepared glass were determined. It was observed that the density of the glass samples increased and the molar volume reduced with respect to Dy3+ ions content. Dy3+: MgO-SO4-B2O3 glass displayed 10 absorption bands with hypersensitive transition around 1265 nm (6H15/6 →6F11/2). Two intense luminescence emissions were observed at 482 nm (4F9/2 →6H15/2: blue) and 573 nm (4F9/2 →6H13/2: yellow) and weak band at 662 nm (4F9/2 →6H11/2: red) with excitation wavelength 380 nm. A strong enhancement in the emission peaks at 573 nm in the yellow region was observed with the 0.07 mol% concentration of dysprosium oxide, which may assign to the energy transfer from Mg2+ to Mg3+ ions. Beyond the optimum concentration, contrary result was observed.

  12. Regenerated cellulose fibers spun-dyed with carbon black/latex composite dispersion.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chunxia; Du, Changsen; Tian, Anli; Fu, Shaohai; Xu, Changhai

    2014-01-30

    A carbon black (CB)/latex composite was prepared by the method of miniemulsion polymerization for use as a colorant for spun dyeing of regenerated cellulose fibers. Analysis of experimental results revealed that the CB/latex composite had a small particle size and a narrow particle size distribution which were important to ensure a stable dispersion being later added to spinning solution. A good stability of the prepared CB/latex composite dispersion in the spinning solution indicated that it was highly possible to use the CB/latex composite as a colorant for spun dyeing of regenerated cellulose fibers. When a 3.5% mass ratio of CB/latex composite to cellulose was used for spun dyeing, the spun-dyed fibers had the highest tensile strength, breaking elongation and color strength. The rubbing and washing color fastnesses of spun-dyed regenerated cellulose fibers could satisfy requirements of most textiles. This study provided a new insight into producing spun-dyed regenerated cellulose with a novel colorant.

  13. Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped tunable warm light-emitting fluorogermanate glass phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alves, Rafaela T.; Trindade, Camyla M.; Santos, Weslley Q.; Gouveia-Neto, Artur S.; Bueno, Luciano A.; Mathias, Caio F.; Nalin, Marcelo

    2016-11-01

    Polychromatic tunable visible light emission in the region of the low correlated color temperature range using Dy3+/Tb3+ codoped PbGeO3:PbF2:CdF2 glass phosphor under UV-blue LED light excitation is presented. The glass phosphor was synthesized and the light emission feature was examined under UV-blue (353, 375, 385, and 405 nm) excitation. Emission around 484, 573, 663, and 754 nm due to dysprosium, and 488, 545, 585, 620, and 690 nm owing to terbium ions, was observed and analyzed as a function of the dysprosium and terbium contents and excitation wavelength. The excitation spectrum was examined and showed resonance peaks around 385 nm for the 573-nm emission of Dy3+, and 375 nm for the 545 nm of Tb3+. Energy-transfer process from Dy3+(F) to Tb3+(D) was also observed. Results indicated that the polychromatic visible light emitter herein reported produced light possessing tunable color tone via excitation wavelength and ions' mass ratio. The tint of the tunable overall emission resided in the warm region of the white-light boundary of the CIE-1931 chromaticity diagram.

  14. Magnetocaloric Effect and Critical Behavior in Fe-Dy-Zr Rapidly Quenched Alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dan, Nguyen Huy; Yen, Nguyen Hai; Thanh, Pham Thi

    2016-10-01

    In this paper, we present our study results for Fe90- x Dy x Zr10 ( x = 1-6) alloy ribbons with thickness of about 15 µm prepared by using a melt-spinning technique. Structure and magnetic properties of the ribbons were investigated by using x-ray diffraction analysis and magnetization measurements, respectively. The results show that the alloy is almost amorphous with x = 1, but partly crystalline with x ≥ 2, i.e. the glass forming ability (GFA) of the alloy is reduced with an increase of the Dy-concentration. Curie temperature, T C, of the alloy is considerably increased, from 273 K (for x = 1) to 305 K (for x = 3), by increasing the Dy-concentration. Maximum magnetic entropy change, |∆S m|max, of the alloys with x = 1 and 2 was respectively determined to be 0.84 and 0.93 J kg-1 K-1 with magnetic field change ΔH = 12 kOe. High refrigerant capacity (RC > 80 J kg-1) at room temperature region has been obtained for the alloy revealing its possibility for practical application in magnetic refrigeration. Critical analyses around the ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transitions, by using the Arrott-Noakes method, indicate long-range ferromagnetic orders in the alloys.

  15. Efficacy of Punica granatum L. hydroalcoholic extract on properties of dyed hair exposed to UVA radiation.

    PubMed

    Dario, Michelli Ferrera; Pahl, Richard; de Castro, Jordana Rodrigues; de Lima, Fernando Soares; Kaneko, Telma Mary; Pinto, Claudinéia A S O; Baby, André Rolim; Velasco, Maria Valéria Robles

    2013-03-05

    The solar radiation promotes color fading of natural and dyed hair by free radical generation, which oxidize the pigments, and it has been proposed the incorporation of antioxidants in order to reduce the alterations of hair color. Due to its high content of polyphenols and tannins, which are potent antioxidants, the hydroalcoholic extract of Punica granatum L. (pomegranate) was used in this research. Hair care formulations containing pomegranate extract were applied to red dyed hair tresses, and these were exposed to UVA radiation. Non-ionic silicone emulsion presenting color protection properties were also used for comparison purpose between the results obtained with different treatments, including silicone in combination with the pomegranate extract. The pomegranate extract at 5.0% and 10.0%w/w was effective in preventing the hair color fading in 37.6% and 60.8%, respectively, but the association of hydroalcoholic extract and non-ionic silicone emulsion is not encouraged. Mechanical properties were not affected by UVA radiation, since significant differences in breaking strength were not observed. Considering the conditions which the tresses have been exposed, it was concluded that the pomegranate extract at 10.0% w/w in hair care formulations are effective in reducing color fading of red dyed hair.

  16. Microstructure, mechanical and corrosion properties of Mg-Dy-Gd-Zr alloys for medical applications.

    PubMed

    Yang, L; Huang, Y; Feyerabend, F; Willumeit, R; Mendis, C; Kainer, K U; Hort, N

    2013-11-01

    In previous investigations, a Mg-10Dy (wt.%) alloy with a good combination of corrosion resistance and cytocompatibility showed great potential for use as a biodegradable implant material. However, the mechanical properties of Mg-10Dy alloy are not satisfactory. In order to allow the tailoring of mechanical properties required for various medical applications, four Mg-10(Dy+Gd)-0.2Zr (wt.%) alloys were investigated with respect to microstructure, mechanical and corrosion properties. With the increase in Gd content, the number of second-phase particles increased in the as-cast alloys, and the age-hardening response increased at 200°C. The yield strength increased, while the ductility reduced, especially for peak-aged alloys with the addition of Gd. Additionally, with increasing Gd content, the corrosion rate increased in the as-cast condition owing to the galvanic effect, but all the alloys had a similar corrosion rate (~0.5 mm year(-1)) in solution-treated and aged condition.

  17. AC impedance spectroscopy and conductivity studies of Dy doped Bi4V2O11 ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bag, Sasmitarani; Das, Parthasarathi; Behera, Banarji

    2017-03-01

    The ac impedance and conductivity properties of Dy doped Bi4V2 - x Dy x O11 (x = 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20) ceramics prepared by solid-state reaction technique, in a wide frequency range at different temperatures have been studied. All the samples exhibited β-type phase orthorhombic structure at room temperature. The Nyquist plot confirmed the presence of both grain and grain boundary effects for all Dy doped samples. Double relaxation behavior was also observed. The grain and grain boundary resistance decreases with rise in temperature for all the concentration and exhibits a typical negative temperature co-efficient of resistance (NTCR) behavior. An analysis of the electric modulus suggests the possible hopping mechanism for electrical transport processes of all the materials. The ac conductivity spectrum obeys Jonscher's universal power law. DC conductivity of the materials were also studied and values of the activation energy found to be 0.40, 0.49, 0.73 and 0.78 eV for the compositions x = 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20, respectively, at different temperatures (150-375 °C).

  18. Introgression of 1Dx5+1Dy10 into tritordeum.

    PubMed

    Ballesteros, J; Alvarez, J B; Giménez, M J; Ramírez, M C; Cabrera, A; Martín, A

    2003-02-01

    The uses of hexaploid tritordeum as a crop for human consumption require improvement of its bread-making quality. For this purpose chromosome 1D of bread wheat with the Glu-D1 allele encoding for high-molecular-weight glutenin subunits Dx5+Dy10 was introgressed into tritordeum. Different primary tritordeums were crossed with wheats carrying subunits Dx5+Dy10. The hybrids were backcrossed to tritordeum and seeds for the next backcross (or selfing) were selected for the presence of chromosome 1D using SDS-PAGE. Forty two chromosome plants carrying subunits Dx5+Dy10 were obtained after two backcrosses and selfing. Chromosome characterization of these plants using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) proved that either chromosome substitution 1H(ch)/1D or 1A/1D had been obtained. A homozygous plant with a translocation of the entire 1DL arm to 1H(ch)S was also obtained. The complete chromosome substitution lines have better agronomic characteristics than the lines with translocations.

  19. Supercooled spin liquid state in the frustrated pyrochlore Dy2Ti2O7

    PubMed Central

    Kassner, Ethan R.; Eyvazov, Azar B.; Pichler, Benjamin; Munsie, Timothy J. S.; Dabkowska, Hanna A.; Luke, Graeme M.; Davis, J. C. Séamus

    2015-01-01

    A “supercooled” liquid develops when a fluid does not crystallize upon cooling below its ordering temperature. Instead, the microscopic relaxation times diverge so rapidly that, upon further cooling, equilibration eventually becomes impossible and glass formation occurs. Classic supercooled liquids exhibit specific identifiers including microscopic relaxation times diverging on a Vogel–Tammann–Fulcher (VTF) trajectory, a Havriliak–Negami (HN) form for the dielectric function ε(ω,T), and a general Kohlrausch–Williams–Watts (KWW) form for time-domain relaxation. Recently, the pyrochlore Dy2Ti2O7 has become of interest because its frustrated magnetic interactions may, in theory, lead to highly exotic magnetic fluids. However, its true magnetic state at low temperatures has proven very difficult to identify unambiguously. Here, we introduce high-precision, boundary-free magnetization transport techniques based upon toroidal geometries and gain an improved understanding of the time- and frequency-dependent magnetization dynamics of Dy2Ti2O7. We demonstrate a virtually universal HN form for the magnetic susceptibility χ(ω,T), a general KWW form for the real-time magnetic relaxation, and a divergence of the microscopic magnetic relaxation rates with the VTF trajectory. Low-temperature Dy2Ti2O7 therefore exhibits the characteristics of a supercooled magnetic liquid. One implication is that this translationally invariant lattice of strongly correlated spins may be evolving toward an unprecedented magnetic glass state, perhaps due to many-body localization of spin. PMID:26130810

  20. Dy uniform film morphologies on graphene studied with SPA-LEED and STM

    SciTech Connect

    McDougall, D.; Hattab, H.; Hershberger, M. T.; Hupalo, M.; Horn von Hoegen, M.; Thiel, P. A.; Tringides, M. C.

    2016-07-01

    The use of graphene for microelectronics and spintronic applications requires strategies for metals to wet graphene and to grow layer-by-layer. This is especially important when metals will be used as electrical contacts or as spin filters. Extensive work in the literature so far has shown that this is very challenging, since practically all metals grow 3D, with multi-height islands forming easily. Reasons for the 3D morphology are the much weaker metal carbon bond when compared to the metal cohesive energy and the role of Coulomb repulsion of the poorly screened charges at the metal graphene interface. We employed the complementary techniques of SPA-LEED and STM to study the growth of Dy on graphene. It was found that under kinetic limitations it is possible to fully cover graphene with a bilayer Dy film, by growing well below room temperature in stepwise deposition experiments. Lastly, the Dy film, however, is amorphous but ways to crystallize it within the 2D morphology are possible, since long range order improves at higher growth temperature.

  1. Dy uniform film morphologies on graphene studied with SPA-LEED and STM

    DOE PAGES

    McDougall, D.; Hattab, H.; Hershberger, M. T.; ...

    2016-07-01

    The use of graphene for microelectronics and spintronic applications requires strategies for metals to wet graphene and to grow layer-by-layer. This is especially important when metals will be used as electrical contacts or as spin filters. Extensive work in the literature so far has shown that this is very challenging, since practically all metals grow 3D, with multi-height islands forming easily. Reasons for the 3D morphology are the much weaker metal carbon bond when compared to the metal cohesive energy and the role of Coulomb repulsion of the poorly screened charges at the metal graphene interface. We employed the complementarymore » techniques of SPA-LEED and STM to study the growth of Dy on graphene. It was found that under kinetic limitations it is possible to fully cover graphene with a bilayer Dy film, by growing well below room temperature in stepwise deposition experiments. Lastly, the Dy film, however, is amorphous but ways to crystallize it within the 2D morphology are possible, since long range order improves at higher growth temperature.« less

  2. SYP73 Anchors the ER to the Actin Cytoskeleton for Maintenance of ER Integrity and Streaming in Arabidopsis.

    PubMed

    Cao, Pengfei; Renna, Luciana; Stefano, Giovanni; Brandizzi, Federica

    2016-12-05

    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an essential organelle that spreads throughout the cytoplasm as one interconnected network of narrow tubules and dilated cisternae that enclose a single lumen. The ER network undergoes extensive remodeling, which critically depends on membrane-cytoskeleton interactions [1]. In plants, the ER is also highly mobile, and its streaming contributes significantly to the movement of other organelles [2, 3]. The remodeling and motility of the plant ER rely mainly on actin [4] and to a minor extent on microtubules [5]. Although a three-way interaction between the ER, cytosolic myosin-XI, and F-actin mediates the plant ER streaming [6], the mechanisms underlying stable interaction of the ER membrane with actin are unknown. Early electron microscopy studies suggested a direct attachment of the plant ER with actin filaments [7, 8], but it is plausible that yet-unknown proteins facilitate anchoring of the ER membrane with the cytoskeleton. We demonstrate here that SYP73, a member of the plant Syp7 subgroup of SNARE proteins [9] containing actin-binding domains, is a novel ER membrane-associated actin-binding protein. We show that overexpression of SYP73 causes a striking rearrangement of the ER over actin and that, similar to mutations of myosin-XI [4, 10, 11], loss of SYP73 reduces ER streaming and affects overall ER network morphology and plant growth. We propose a model for plant ER remodeling whereby the dynamic rearrangement and streaming of the ER network depend on the propelling action of myosin-XI over actin coupled with a SYP73-mediated bridging, which dynamically anchors the ER membrane with actin filaments.

  3. ER-12-1 completion report

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, C.E.; Gillespie, D.; Cole, J.C.; Drellack, S.L.

    1996-12-01

    The objective of drillhole ER-12-1 was to determine the hydrogeology of paleozoic carbonate rocks and of the Eleana Formation, a regional aquitard, in an area potentially downgradient from underground nuclear testing conducted in nearby Rainier Mesa. This objective was addressed through the drilling of well ER-12-1 at N886,640.26 E640,538.85 Nevada Central Coordinates. Drilling of the 1094 m (3588 ft) well began on July 19, 1991 and was completed on October 17, 1991. Drilling problems included hole deviation and hole instability that prevented the timely completion of this borehole. Drilling methods used include rotary tri-cone and rotary hammer drilling with conventional and reverse circulation using air/water, air/foam (Davis mix), and bentonite mud. Geologic cuttings and geophysical logs were obtained from the well. The rocks penetrated by the ER-12-1 drillhole are a complex assemblage of Silurian, Devonian, and Mississippian sedimentary rocks that are bounded by numerous faults that show substantial stratigraphic offset. The final 7.3 m (24 ft) of this hole penetrated an unusual intrusive rock of Cretaceous age. The geology of this borehole was substantially different from that expected, with the Tongue Wash Fault encountered at a much shallower depth, paleozoic rocks shuffled out of stratigraphic sequence, and the presence of an altered biotite-rich microporphyritic igneous rock at the bottom of the borehole. Conodont CAI analyses and rock pyrolysis analyses indicate that the carbonate rocks in ER-12-1, as well as the intervening sheets of Eleana siltstone, have been thermally overprinted following movement on the faults that separate them. The probable source of heat for this thermal disturbance is the microporphyritic intrusion encountered at the bottom of the hole, and its age establishes that the major fault activity must have occurred prior to 102.3+0.5 Ma (middle Cretaceous).

  4. Electrorheological (ER) Fluids: A Research Needs Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-01

    control of their dynamic response to earthquakes and windstorms. The potential exists here to render nuclear power plants more resistant to earthquakes...of stress vs. strain as illustrated in Figure 2 (Gamota and Filisko 1991a). 5.9-9 T 4000 volts SHEAR 31 3000 vot STRESS or...from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce. 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161, DOE’/ER/30O1 7)-. T UC-330,400

  5. ER contact sites direct late endosome transport.

    PubMed

    Wijdeven, Ruud H; Jongsma, Marlieke L M; Neefjes, Jacques; Berlin, Ilana

    2015-12-01

    Endosomes shuttle select cargoes between cellular compartments and, in doing so, maintain intracellular homeostasis and enable interactions with the extracellular space. Directionality of endosomal transport critically impinges on cargo fate, as retrograde (microtubule minus-end directed) traffic delivers vesicle contents to the lysosome for proteolysis, while the opposing anterograde (plus-end directed) movement promotes recycling and secretion. Intriguingly, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is emerging as a key player in spatiotemporal control of late endosome and lysosome transport, through the establishment of physical contacts with these organelles. Earlier studies have described how minus-end-directed motor proteins become discharged from vesicles engaged at such contact sites. Now, Raiborg et al. implicate ER-mediated interactions, induced by protrudin, in loading plus-end-directed motor kinesin-1 onto endosomes, thereby stimulating their transport toward the cell's periphery. In this review, we recast the prevailing concepts on bidirectional late endosome transport and discuss the emerging paradigm of inter-compartmental regulation from the ER-endosome interface viewpoint.

  6. ER stress, autophagy, and RNA viruses

    PubMed Central

    Jheng, Jia-Rong; Ho, Jin-Yuan; Horng, Jim-Tong

    2014-01-01

    Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a general term for representing the pathway by which various stimuli affect ER functions. ER stress induces the evolutionarily conserved signaling pathways, called the unfolded protein response (UPR), which compromises the stimulus and then determines whether the cell survives or dies. In recent years, ongoing research has suggested that these pathways may be linked to the autophagic response, which plays a key role in the cell's response to various stressors. Autophagy performs a self-digestion function, and its activation protects cells against certain pathogens. However, the link between the UPR and autophagy may be more complicated. These two systems may act dependently, or the induction of one system may interfere with the other. Experimental studies have found that different viruses modulate these mechanisms to allow them to escape the host immune response or, worse, to exploit the host's defense to their advantage; thus, this topic is a critical area in antiviral research. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about how RNA viruses, including influenza virus, poliovirus, coxsackievirus, enterovirus 71, Japanese encephalitis virus, hepatitis C virus, and dengue virus, regulate these processes. We also discuss recent discoveries and how these will produce novel strategies for antiviral treatment. PMID:25140166

  7. Present statue of Japanese ERS-1 Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ishiwada, Yasufumi; Nemoto, Yoshiaki

    1986-01-01

    Earth Resources Satellite 1 (ERS-1) will be launched in the FY 1990 with the H-1 rocket from Tanegashima Space Center. ERS-1 will seek to firmly establish remote sensing technologies from space by using synthetic aperture radar and optical sensors, as well as primarily exploring for non-renewable resources and also monitoring for land use, agriculture, forestry, fishery, conservation of environment, prevention of disasters, and surveillance of coastal regions. ERS-1 is a joint project in which the main responsibility for the development of the mission equipment is assumed by the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, MITI, and the Technology Research Association of Resources Remote Sensing System, while that for the satellite itself and launching rocket is assumed by the Science and Technology Agency (STA) and the National Space Development Agency (NASDA). In relation to this project, users have maintained a close working relationship with the manufacturers after submitting their requirements in 1984 on the specifications of the mission equipments. This missions parameters are outlined.

  8. Effect of Dy-substitution on the structural, vibrational, and multiferroic properties of BiFeO{sub 3} nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Muneeswaran, M.; Giridharan, N. V.

    2014-06-07

    Dysprosium (Dy) modified BiFeO{sub 3} [Bi{sub 1−x}Dy{sub x}FeO{sub 3} (x = 0.05, 0.10, and 0.15)] nanoparticles have been synthesized by a low temperature co-precipitation method. Rietveld analysis of X-ray diffraction data reveals a transformation from rhombohedral structure to orthorhombic structure with increase in the Dy concentration. From the transmission electron microscopy analysis, it is observed that the particle sizes of Bi{sub 1−x}Dy{sub x}FeO{sub 3} (x = 0.05, 0.10, and 0.15) nanoparticles range between 50–70, 40–50, and 30–50 nm, respectively. Raman spectra of Bi{sub 1−x}Dy{sub x}FeO{sub 3} (x = 0.05) belonging to rhombohedral (R3c) structure show 4A{sub 1} and 7E fundamental Raman modes in the range of 100–650 cm{sup −1} and two-phonon scattering modes such as 2A{sub 4} (longitudinal optical), 2E8 (transverse optical (TO)), and 2E{sub 9} (TO) in the range of 950–1270 cm{sup −1}. Suppression, broadening, and shifting of Raman modes have been observed with further increase in Dy concentration. The fundamental Raman modes of Bi{sub 1−x}Dy{sub x}FeO{sub 3} (x = 0.15) are assigned under orthorhombic (pnma) rather than rhombohedral (R3c) as the Rietveld analysis of X-ray diffraction data predicts a structural transformation for this particular composition. A complete suppression of two phonon modes has been noticed for this composition. An anomaly in the temperature dependent dielectric studies has been observed in all the samples at the vicinity of Neel temperature indicating a magnetic ordering, and an increase in magnetization with increase of Dy concentration in BiFeO{sub 3} is noticed from the room temperature magnetic studies. P–E hysteresis loop studies show a decrease of remnant polarization (P{sub r}) with the increase in Dy concentration and disappearance of hysteresis loop occurs for Bi{sub 1−x}Dy{sub x}FeO{sub 3} (x = 0.15) depicting a transformation from non-centrosymmetric (R3c) to

  9. A Comparison of the Performance of the EQ-5D and the EQ-5D-Y Health-Related Quality of Life Instruments in South African Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jelsma, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of the recent EQ-5D-Y instrument compared with the standard EQ-5D in assessing the health-related quality of life of high school children in Cape Town. Either the EQ-5D or the EQ-5D-Y was given to high school children. The sample consisted of 521 respondents. The EQ-5D-Y was found to be…

  10. MicroRNAs Meet Calcium: Joint Venture in ER Proteostasis

    PubMed Central

    Finger, Fabian; Hoppe, Thorsten

    2017-01-01

    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a cellular compartment that possesses a key function in protein translation and folding. Maintaining its integrity is of fundamental importance for organism’s physiology and viability. The dynamic regulation of intraluminal ER Ca2+ concentration directly influences the activity of ER-resident chaperones and stress response pathways that balance protein load and folding capacity. Here, we review the emerging evidence that microRNAs play important roles in adjusting these processes to frequently changing intracellular and environmental conditions to modify ER Ca2+ handling and storage and maintain ER homeostasis. PMID:25372053

  11. Optical properties of Er3 +-doped oxyfluoride glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Li; Wu, Yinsu

    2016-02-01

    Er3 +-singly doped and Er3 +/Yb3 +-codoped 50SiO2-(50 - x)BaF2-xZnF2(SBZx) oxyfluoride glasses are prepared and the optical properties of Er3 +-singly doped glasses are investigated by using the Judd-Ofelt theory. Bright green and red upconversion luminescence of Er3 +/Yb3 +-codoped glasses is obtained under 980 nm excitation. Furthermore, factors affecting this phenomenon such as glass composition, doping concentration of Er3 + and Yb3 + ions, and pump power are discussed in details.

  12. MicroRNAs meet calcium: joint venture in ER proteostasis.

    PubMed

    Finger, Fabian; Hoppe, Thorsten

    2014-11-04

    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a cellular compartment that has a key function in protein translation and folding. Maintaining its integrity is of fundamental importance for organism's physiology and viability. The dynamic regulation of intraluminal ER Ca(2+) concentration directly influences the activity of ER-resident chaperones and stress response pathways that balance protein load and folding capacity. We review the emerging evidence that microRNAs play important roles in adjusting these processes to frequently changing intracellular and environmental conditions to modify ER Ca(2+) handling and storage and maintain ER homeostasis.

  13. Effect of magnetic ordering of Dy2BaNiO5 on the crystal-field levels of dysprosium: optical spectroscopy of f-f transitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galkin, A. S.; Klimin, S. A.

    2016-12-01

    Optical transmission spectroscopy study of the Haldane magnet Dy2BaNiO5 was performed in the region of f-f transitions of the Dy3+ ion in a wide range of temperatures (5-300 K). At temperatures lower than TN (59 K), Kramers doublets of the rare-earth ion split. Spectroscopic data obtained were used to calculate the Schottky-type anomaly in the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility of Dy2BaNiO5 and to model the experimental data available in literature. Anomalous behavior of crystal-field energies of the Dy3+ ion was attributed to the magnetoelectric interactions.

  14. Ultrahigh coercivity and core-shell microstructure achieved in oriented Nd-Fe-B thin films diffusion-processed with Dy-based alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Tongbo; Zhou, Xiaoqian; Yu, Dedong; Fu, Yanqing; Li, Guojian; Cui, Weibin; Wang, Qiang

    2017-01-01

    Ultrahigh ambient coercivities of 4 T were achieved in Nd-Fe-B benchmark thin film with coercivity of 1.06 T by diffusion-processing with Dy, Dy70Cu30 and Dy80Ag20 alloy layer. High texture and good squareness were obtained. In triple-junction regions, Dy element was found to be immiscible with Nd element. Microstructure observation indicated the typical gradient elementary distribution. Unambiguous core/shell microstructure was characterized by transition electron microscopy. Due to the enhanced ambient coercivity, the coercivity temperature stability was also substantially increased.

  15. Anisotropic superconducting and normal state magnetic properties of single crystals of RNi*2*B*2*C compounds (R = Y, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm)

    SciTech Connect

    Cho, Beongki

    1995-09-26

    The interaction of superconductivity with magnetism has been one of the most interesting and important phenomena in solid state physics since the 1950`s when small amounts of magnetic impurities were incorporated in superconductors. The discovery of the magnetic superconductors RNi2B2C (R = rare earth, Y) offers a new system to study this interaction. The wide ranges of superconducting transition (Tc) and antiferromagnetic (AF) ordering temperatures (TN) (0 K ≤ Tc ≤ 16 K, 0 K ≤ TN ≤ 20 K) give a good opportunity to observe a variety of interesting phenomena. Single crystals of high quality with appropriate size and mass are crucial in examining the anisotropic intrinsic properties. Single crystals have been grown successfully by an unusual high temperature flux method and characterized thoroughly by X-ray, electrical transport, magnetization, neutron scattering, scanning electron microscopy, and other measurements.

  16. Superconducting Critical Temperature of Overdoped LnBa2Cu3Oy+Δy (Ln=La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm and Yb)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okai, Bin; Ono, Akira

    1999-09-01

    A series of overdoped LnBa2Cu3Oy+Δy (Ln=La˜Yb) was synthesized at high oxygen pressure for investigating the relationship between the superconducting critical temperature Tc, overdoping oxygen content Δy, and Ln. Tc of 1-2-3 compound LnBa2Cu3Oy+Δy remains almost unchanged through various levels of overdoping for small ionic radii of Ln. As the ionic radus of Ln increases, Tc decreases with the level of overdoping. The decrease changes systematically from EuBa2Cu3Oy+Δy to LaBa2Cu3Oy+Δy; the decrease for LaBa2Cu3Oy+Δy is the steepest. Tc is also reduced probably by the mixing of Ln and Ba, as observed in NdBa2Cu3Oy+Δy and LaBa2Cu3Oy+Δy.

  17. The magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effects in binary R–T (R = Pr, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm; T = Ga, Ni, Co, Cu) intermetallic compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Xin-Qi; Shen, Bao-Gen

    2017-02-01

    Not Available Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11274357, 51501005, 51590880, and 11674008), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (Grant No. FRF-TP-15-010A1), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016M591071), and the Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. KJZD-EW-M05).

  18. Ternary system Er-Ni-In at T=870 K

    SciTech Connect

    Dzevenko, M.; Tyvanchuk, Yu.; Bratash, L.; Zaremba, V.; Havela, L.; Kalychak, Ya.

    2011-10-15

    Isothermal section of the Er-Ni-In system at T=870 K was constructed by means of X-ray powder diffraction and EDX-analyses. Nine ternary compounds, namely ErNi{sub 9}In{sub 2} (YNi{sub 9}In{sub 2}-type), Er{sub 1-1.22}Ni{sub 4}In{sub 1-0.78} (MgCu{sub 4}Sn-type), Er{sub 10}Ni{sub 9.07}In{sub 20} (Ho{sub 10}Ni{sub 9}In{sub 20}-type), ErNi{sub 1-0.60}In{sub 1-1.40} (ZrNiAl-type), Er{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}In (Mn{sub 2}AlB{sub 2}-type), Er{sub 2}Ni{sub 1.78}In (Mo{sub 2}FeB{sub 2}-type), Er{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4} (Lu{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 4}-type), Er{sub 5}Ni{sub 2}In (Mo{sub 5}SiB{sub 2}-type), and Er{sub 13.53}Ni{sub 3.14}In{sub 3.33} (Lu{sub 14}Co{sub 2}In{sub 3}-type), exist in the Er-Ni-In system at this temperature. The substitution of Ni for In was observed for ErNi{sub 1-0.60}In{sub 1-1.40} and In for Er in the case of related compounds ErNi{sub 2} and ErNi{sub 4}In. Er can enter NiIn (CoSn-type) leading to including-substitution type of compound Er{sub 0-0.12}NiIn{sub 1-0.89}. Basic magnetic properties of the Er{sub 0.04}NiIn{sub 0.97}, ErNi{sub 2}, Er{sub 0.9}Ni{sub 2}In{sub 0.1}, and ErNi{sub 4}In phases were inspected. Electrical-resistivity studies were performed on the ErNiIn, ErNi{sub 0.9}In{sub 1.1}, and ErNi{sub 4}In phases. - Graphical Abstract: Phase relations in the ternary system Er-Ni-In have been established for the isothermal section at T=870 K based on X-ray phase and EDX-analyses. Nine ternary compounds were observed. Highlights: > Isothermal section of Er-Ni-In system at T=870 K was constructed. > Nine ternary compounds were detected. > Basic magnetic properties of Er{sub 0.04}NiIn{sub 0.97} and ErNi{sub 4}In phases were inspected.

  19. Tamoxifen Action in ER-Negative Breast Cancer.

    PubMed

    Manna, Subrata; Holz, Marina K

    2016-02-10

    Breast cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease. Tamoxifen is a selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulator and is mainly indicated for the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women and postsurgery neoadjuvant therapy in ER-positive breast cancers. Interestingly, 5-10% of the ER-negative breast cancers have also shown sensitivity to tamoxifen treatment. The involvement of molecular markers and/or signaling pathways independent of ER signaling has been implicated in tamoxifen sensitivity in the ER-negative subgroup. Studies reveal that variation in the expression of estrogen-related receptor alpha, ER subtype beta, tumor microenvironment, and epigenetics affects tamoxifen sensitivity. This review discusses the background of the research on the action of tamoxifen that may inspire future studies to explore effective therapeutic strategies for the treatment of ER-negative and triple-negative breast cancers, the latter being an aggressive disease with worse clinical outcome.

  20. Tamoxifen Action in ER-Negative Breast Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Manna, Subrata; Holz, Marina K.

    2016-01-01

    Breast cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease. Tamoxifen is a selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulator and is mainly indicated for the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women and postsurgery neoadjuvant therapy in ER-positive breast cancers. Interestingly, 5–10% of the ER-negative breast cancers have also shown sensitivity to tamoxifen treatment. The involvement of molecular markers and/or signaling pathways independent of ER signaling has been implicated in tamoxifen sensitivity in the ER-negative subgroup. Studies reveal that variation in the expression of estrogen-related receptor alpha, ER subtype beta, tumor microenvironment, and epigenetics affects tamoxifen sensitivity. This review discusses the background of the research on the action of tamoxifen that may inspire future studies to explore effective therapeutic strategies for the treatment of ER-negative and triple-negative breast cancers, the latter being an aggressive disease with worse clinical outcome. PMID:26989346

  1. Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of a novel glutenin gene (Dy10.1t) from Aegilops tauschii.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yanzhen; Li, Qiaoyun; Yan, Yueming; Zheng, Jigang; An, Xueli; Xiao, Yinghua; Wang, Aili; Pei, Yuhe; Wang, Haibo; Hsam, Sai L K; Zeller, Friedrich J

    2006-07-01

    A novel y-type high molecular mass glutenin subunit (HMM-GS) possessing a mobility that is slightly slower than that of the subunit Dy10 obtained by SDS-PAGE, named Dy10.1t, in the wild wheat Aegilops tauschii was identified by 1- and 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis, capillary electrophoresis, and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The gene encoding the HMM subunit Dy10.1t was amplified with allele-specific PCR primers, and the amplified products were cloned and sequenced. The coding domain of the Dy10.1t subunit gene consisted of 1980 bp encoding a protein of 658 residues with an M rs of 68 611 Da, which was similar to the M rs determined by MALDI-TOF-MS. The deduced amino acid sequence indicated that Dy10.1t subunit displayed a greater similarity to the Dy12 subunit, differing by only 8 amino acid substitutions. Six coding region single-nucleotide polymorphisms were discovered in the Dy10.1t gene by multiple alignments (1 per 330 bp), 1 in the N-terminal domain and the others in the central repeats. Five of them resulted in residue substitutions, whereas 3 created enzyme site changes. The homology and neighbour-joining trees constructed from code domain sequences of 20 x- and y-type glutenin genes from different Triticum species separated into 2 halves, which corresponded to the x-type and y-type HMM glutenin alleles. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the Glu-1 gene duplication event probably occurred at about 16.83 million years ago, whereas the divergence times of A, B, and D genomes within x-type and y-type halves were before 7.047 and 10.54 million years ago, respectively.

  2. Enhancement of thermopower of TAGS-85 high-performance thermoelectric materials by doping with the rare earth Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Levin, Evgenii; Budko, Serfuei; Schmidt-Rohr, Klaus

    2012-04-10

    Enhancement of thermopower is achieved by doping the narrow-band semiconductor Ag{sub 6.52}Sb{sub 6.52}Ge{sub 36.96}Te{sub 50} (acronym TAGS-85), one of the best p-type thermoelectric materials, with 1 or 2% of the rare earth dysprosium (Dy). Evidence for the incorporation of Dy into the lattice is provided by X-ray diffraction and increased orientation-dependent local fields detected by {sup 125}Te NMR spectroscopy. Since Dy has a stable electronic configuration, the enhancement cannot be attributed to 4f-electron states formed near the Fermi level. It is likely that the enhancement is due to a small reduction in the carrier concentration, detected by {sup 125}Te NMR spectroscopy, but mostly due to energy filtering of the carriers by potential barriers formed in the lattice by Dy, which has large both atomic size and localized magnetic moment. The interplay between the thermopower, the electrical resistivity, and the thermal conductivity of TAGS-85 doped with Dy results in an enhancement of the power factor (PF) and the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) at 730 K, from PF = 28 μW cm{sup −1} K{sup −2} and ZT ≤ 1.3 in TAGS-85 to PF = 35 μW cm{sup −1} K{sup −2} and ZT ≥ 1.5 in TAGS-85 doped with 1 or 2% Dy for Ge. This makes TAGS-85 doped with Dy a promising material for thermoelectric power generation.

  3. Relationship between RUNX1 and AXIN1 in ER-negative versus ER-positive Breast Cancer.

    PubMed

    Chimge, Nyam-Osor; Ahmed-Alnassar, Sara; Frenkel, Baruch

    2017-02-16

    RUNX1 plays opposing roles in breast cancer: a tumor suppressor in estrogen receptor-positive (ER(+)) disease and an oncogenic role in ER-negative (ER(-)) tumors. Potentially mediating the former, we have recently reported that RUNX1 prevents estrogen-driven suppression of the mRNA encoding the tumor suppressor AXIN1. Accordingly, AXIN1 protein expression was diminished upon RUNX1 silencing in ER(+) breast cancer cells and was positively correlated with AXIN1 protein expression across tumors with high levels of ER. Here we report the surprising observation that RUNX1 and AXIN1 proteins are strongly correlated in ER(-) tumors as well. However, this correlation is not attributable to regulation of AXIN1 by RUNX1 or vice versa. The unexpected correlation between RUNX1, playing an oncogenic role in ER(-) breast cancer, and AXIN1, a well-established tumor suppressor hub, may be related to a high ratio between the expression of variant 2 and variant 1 (v2/v1) of AXIN1 in ER(-) compared with ER(+) breast cancer. Although both isoforms are similarly regulated by RUNX1 in estrogen-stimulated ER(+) breast cancer cells, the higher v2/v1 ratio in ER(-) disease is expected to weaken the tumor suppressor activity of AXIN1 in these tumors.

  4. On the Use of an ER-213 Detonator to Establish a Baseline for the ER-486

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, Keith A.; Liechty, Gary H.; Jaramillo, Dennis C.; Munger, Alan C.; McHugh, Douglas C.; Kennedy, James E.

    2014-08-19

    This report documents a series of tests using a TSD-115 fireset coupled with an ER-213, a gold exploding bridgewire (EBW) detonator. These tests were designed to fire this EBW with a smaller fireset to obtain current and voltage data as well as timing information at voltage levels below, above, and throughout the threshold firing region. This study could then create a database for comparison to our current ER-486 EBW development, which is designed to be a lower voltage (<500V) device.

  5. Global Assessment of Reprocessed ERS-1 and ERS-2 Altimetry (REAPER) Wind and Wave Products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdalla, Saleh; Bidlot, Jean-Raymond; Janssen, Peter A. E. M.

    2016-08-01

    ESA has been committed to reprocess its Earth Observation Missions of ERS and ENVISAT to produce long and homogeneous time series suitable for climate studies. The full-mission reprocessing of the ERS Altimetry Level 2 REAPER was completed sometime ago. The REAPER wind and wave products are assessed mainly against ERA-Interim which is a rather consistent model run. Several numerical experiments were carried out in order to assess the impact of assimilating the reprocessed significant wave height data in the ECMWF wave model for potential use in the most recent ECMWF atmospheric reanalysis ERA-5. The results show positive impact.

  6. Bulk Er:YAP and Er:Yb:YAP optical emission studies for eyesafe laser applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Georgiou, Efstratios; Boquillon, Jean-Pierre; Musset, Olivier

    2012-06-01

    Emission and excitation spectra of Er-doped YAP crystals reveal a broad emission band in the eyesafe region with peaks around 1545-nm and 1608-nm and pump-bands suitable for common 800-nm and 970-nm diode lasers, suggesting YAP as a candidate crystalline host for diode-pumped laser in the 1.5-μm eyesafe regime. Erbium-doped YAP-crystal results are comparable with analogous measurements on Er:Yb:YAG, which has already demostrated efficient lasing action in the eyesafe region.

  7. COPII-Dependent ER Export: A Critical Component of Insulin Biogenesis and β-Cell ER Homeostasis.

    PubMed

    Fang, Jingye; Liu, Ming; Zhang, Xuebao; Sakamoto, Takeshi; Taatjes, Douglas J; Jena, Bhanu P; Sun, Fei; Woods, James; Bryson, Tim; Kowluru, Anjaneyulu; Zhang, Kezhong; Chen, Xuequn

    2015-08-01

    Pancreatic β-cells possess a highly active protein synthetic and export machinery in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to accommodate the massive production of proinsulin. ER homeostasis is vital for β-cell functions and is maintained by the delicate balance between protein synthesis, folding, export, and degradation. Disruption of ER homeostasis by diabetes-causing factors leads to β-cell death. Among the 4 components to maintain ER homeostasis in β-cells, the role of ER export in insulin biogenesis is the least understood. To address this knowledge gap, the present study investigated the molecular mechanism of proinsulin ER export in MIN6 cells and primary islets. Two inhibitory mutants of the secretion-associated RAS-related protein (Sar)1 small GTPase, known to specifically block coat protein complex II (COPII)-dependent ER export, were overexpressed in β-cells using recombinant adenoviruses. Results from this approach, as well as small interfering RNA-mediated Sar1 knockdown, demonstrated that defective Sar1 function blocked proinsulin ER export and abolished its conversion to mature insulin in MIN6 cells, isolated mouse, and human islets. It is further revealed, using an in vitro vesicle formation assay, that proinsulin was packaged into COPII vesicles in a GTP- and Sar1-dependent manner. Blockage of COPII-dependent ER exit by Sar1 mutants strongly induced ER morphology change, ER stress response, and β-cell apoptosis. These responses were mediated by the PKR (double-stranded RNA-dependent kinase)-like ER kinase (PERK)/eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (p-eIF2α) and inositol-requiring protein 1 (IRE1)/x-box binding protein 1 (Xbp1) pathways but not via activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6). Collectively, results from the study demonstrate that COPII-dependent ER export plays a vital role in insulin biogenesis, ER homeostasis, and β-cell survival.

  8. Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy study of double-decker DyPc2 on Pb Surface.

    PubMed

    He, Yang; Zhang, Yajie; Hong, I-Po; Cheng, Fang; Zhou, Xiong; Shen, Qian; Li, Jianlong; Wang, Yongfeng; Jiang, Jianzhuang; Wu, Kai

    2014-09-21

    Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), scanning tunneling spectroscopy and dI/dV mapping techniques have been applied to study double-decker DyPc₂ molecules on Pb(111) films grown on silicon wafers. The DyPc₂ molecules firstly self-assemble into a monolayer where two neighbouring molecules form an azimuthal angle of 6°. Scattered DyPc₂ molecules in the second layer can be stabilized on top of the first self-assembled monolayer, adopting a co-axial alignment with the underlying molecules. With the reference to the new layer assembled by Pc molecules generated by the cracking of DyPc₂ molecules on the substrate at or above room temperature, the molecular configuration can be directly deduced from STM imaging. The two Pc ligands in the same double-decker molecule rotate 45° with respect to each other. The dI/dV mapping of the individual DyPc₂ molecules in the second layer shows that they can appear as either four-lobed or eight-lobed features in the STM images depending on the bias voltage employed.

  9. Study of luminescence and effect of Dy3+ on NaMgSO4 Cl:Ce chlorosulphate phosphor.

    PubMed

    Choubey, Sureshkumar R; Gedam, Sharadkumar C; Dhoble, Sanjay J

    2014-12-01

    Chlorosulphate NaMgSO4 Cl phosphor doped with Ce(3+) and co-doped by Dy(3+) prepared by the wet chemical method was studied for its photoluminescence and thermoluminescence (TL) characteristics. The emission spectrum of Ce(3+) shows dominant peaks at 346 nm (excitation 270 nm) due to 5d → 4f transition. Efficient energy transfer occurs from Ce(3+) → Dy(3+) ions. Dy(3+) emission at 485 nm and 576 nm is due to (4)  F9/2 → (6) H15/2 and (4)  F9/2 → (6) H13/2 transitions of Dy(3+) ion respectively. The TL glow curves of NaMgSO4 Cl:Ce and Ce,Dy have been recorded for various concentrations at a heating rate of 2 °C/s irradiated by γ-rays at a dose rate of 0.995 kGy/h for 1 Gy, which peaks at about 241 °C and 247-312 °C respectively. Further, in changing the concentration level, the general structure of the intensity is found to increase. The main property of this phosphor is its sensitivity even for low concentrations of rare earth ions and low γ-ray dose. There is still scope for higher doses of γ-radiation. The phosphor presented may be used as a lamp phosphor as well as for TL studies.

  10. The Very Young Type Ia Supernova 2013dy: Discovery, and Strong Carbon Absorption in Early-time Spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, WeiKang; Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Kasen, Daniel; Nugent, Peter E.; Graham, Melissa; Wang, Xiaofeng; Valenti, Stefano; Ciabattari, Fabrizio; Kelly, Patrick L.; Fox, Ori D.; Shivvers, Isaac; Clubb, Kelsey I.; Cenko, S. Bradley; Balam, Dave; Howell, D. Andrew; Hsiao, Eric; Li, Weidong; Marion, G. Howie; Sand, David; Vinko, Jozsef; Wheeler, J. Craig; Zhang, JuJia

    2013-11-01

    The Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2013dy in NGC 7250 (d ≈ 13.7 Mpc) was discovered by the Lick Observatory Supernova Search. Combined with a prediscovery detection by the Italian Supernova Search Project, we are able to constrain the first-light time of SN 2013dy to be only 0.10 ± 0.05 days (2.4 ± 1.2 hr) before the first detection. This makes SN 2013dy the earliest known detection of an SN Ia. We infer an upper limit on the radius of the progenitor star of R 0 <~ 0.25 R ⊙, consistent with that of a white dwarf. The light curve exhibits a broken power law with exponents of 0.88 and then 1.80. A spectrum taken 1.63 days after first light reveals a C II absorption line comparable in strength to Si II. This is the strongest C II feature ever detected in a normal SN Ia, suggesting that the progenitor star had significant unburned material. The C II line in SN 2013dy weakens rapidly and is undetected in a spectrum 7 days later, indicating that C II is detectable for only a very short time in some SNe Ia. SN 2013dy reached a B-band maximum of MB = -18.72 ± 0.03 mag ~17.7 days after first light.

  11. Antimitotic activity of DY131 and the estrogen-related receptor beta 2 (ERRβ2) splice variant in breast cancer

    PubMed Central

    Heckler, Mary M.; Zeleke, Tizita Zewde; Divekar, Shailaja D.; Fernandez, Aileen I.; Tiek, Deanna M.; Woodrick, Jordan; Farzanegan, Alexander; Roy, Rabindra; Üren, Aykut; Mueller, Susette C.; Riggins, Rebecca B.

    2016-01-01

    Breast cancer remains a leading cause of cancer-related death in women, and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) lacks clinically actionable therapeutic targets. Death in mitosis is a tumor suppressive mechanism that occurs in cancer cells experiencing a defective M phase. The orphan estrogen-related receptor beta (ERRβ) is a key reprogramming factor in murine embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells. In primates, ERRβ is alternatively spliced to produce several receptor isoforms. In cellular models of glioblastoma, short form (ERRβsf) and beta2 (ERRβ2) splice variants differentially regulate cell cycle progression in response to the synthetic agonist DY131, with ERRβ2 driving arrest in G2/M. The goals of the present study are to determine the cellular function(s) of ligand-activated ERRβ splice variants in breast cancer and evaluate the potential of DY131 to serve as an antimitotic agent, particularly in TNBC. DY131 inhibits growth in a diverse panel of breast cancer cell lines, causing cell death that involves the p38 stress kinase pathway and a bimodal cell cycle arrest. ERRβ2 facilitates the block in G2/M, and DY131 delays progression from prophase to anaphase. Finally, ERRβ2 localizes to centrosomes and DY131 causes mitotic spindle defects. Targeting ERRβ2 may therefore be a promising therapeutic strategy in breast cancer. PMID:27363015

  12. Subpicometer-scale atomic displacements and magnetic properties in the oxygen-isotope substituted multiferroic DyMn O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narayanan, N.; Graham, P. J.; Reynolds, N.; Li, F.; Rovillain, P.; Hester, J.; Kimpton, J.; Yethiraj, M.; McIntyre, G. J.; Hutchison, W. D.; Ulrich, C.

    2017-02-01

    We have investigated DyMn O163 and its isotopically substituted counterpart DyMn O183 by neutron powder diffraction, x-ray diffraction, and heat capacity measurements to investigate the mechanism leading to its magnetically induced electric polarization. 18O isotope substitution does not influence the magnetic ordering temperature of the Mn ions TN ,Mn or the multiferroic ordering temperature Tl coinciding with the onset of the spin spiral phase; however, it does reduce the ordering temperature of Dy into its incommensurate magnetic state TN ,Dy from 7.0(1) K to 5.9(1) K. The temperature dependence of the magnetic propagation vector, qIC, changes with 18O substitution, while Tl remains almost constant, independent of qIC. Pronounced changes in the lattice parameters occur at the various phase transitions. Furthermore, distinct subpicometer-scale distortions of the Mn O6 octahedra and displacements of the Dy ions are observed below the ferroelectric phase transition at Tl in both samples, pointing toward the mechanism for electric polarization and its coupling to the orbital degrees of freedom.

  13. THE VERY YOUNG TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA 2013dy: DISCOVERY, AND STRONG CARBON ABSORPTION IN EARLY-TIME SPECTRA

    SciTech Connect

    Zheng, WeiKang; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Nugent, Peter E.; Graham, Melissa; Kelly, Patrick L.; Fox, Ori D.; Shivvers, Isaac; Clubb, Kelsey I.; Li, Weidong; Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Howie Marion, G.; Kasen, Daniel; Wang, Xiaofeng; Valenti, Stefano; Howell, D. Andrew; Ciabattari, Fabrizio; Cenko, S. Bradley; Balam, Dave; Hsiao, Eric; Sand, David; and others

    2013-11-20

    The Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2013dy in NGC 7250 (d ≈ 13.7 Mpc) was discovered by the Lick Observatory Supernova Search. Combined with a prediscovery detection by the Italian Supernova Search Project, we are able to constrain the first-light time of SN 2013dy to be only 0.10 ± 0.05 days (2.4 ± 1.2 hr) before the first detection. This makes SN 2013dy the earliest known detection of an SN Ia. We infer an upper limit on the radius of the progenitor star of R {sub 0} ≲ 0.25 R {sub ☉}, consistent with that of a white dwarf. The light curve exhibits a broken power law with exponents of 0.88 and then 1.80. A spectrum taken 1.63 days after first light reveals a C II absorption line comparable in strength to Si II. This is the strongest C II feature ever detected in a normal SN Ia, suggesting that the progenitor star had significant unburned material. The C II line in SN 2013dy weakens rapidly and is undetected in a spectrum 7 days later, indicating that C II is detectable for only a very short time in some SNe Ia. SN 2013dy reached a B-band maximum of M{sub B} = –18.72 ± 0.03 mag ∼17.7 days after first light.

  14. Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy study of double-decker DyPc2 on Pb Surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Yang; Zhang, Yajie; Hong, I.-Po; Cheng, Fang; Zhou, Xiong; Shen, Qian; Li, Jianlong; Wang, Yongfeng; Jiang, Jianzhuang; Wu, Kai

    2014-08-01

    Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), scanning tunneling spectroscopy and dI/dV mapping techniques have been applied to study double-decker DyPc2 molecules on Pb(111) films grown on silicon wafers. The DyPc2 molecules firstly self-assemble into a monolayer where two neighbouring molecules form an azimuthal angle of 6°. Scattered DyPc2 molecules in the second layer can be stabilized on top of the first self-assembled monolayer, adopting a co-axial alignment with the underlying molecules. With the reference to the new layer assembled by Pc molecules generated by the cracking of DyPc2 molecules on the substrate at or above room temperature, the molecular configuration can be directly deduced from STM imaging. The two Pc ligands in the same double-decker molecule rotate 45° with respect to each other. The dI/dV mapping of the individual DyPc2 molecules in the second layer shows that they can appear as either four-lobed or eight-lobed features in the STM images depending on the bias voltage employed.

  15. Dielectric anomaly and structural change related to the Jahn-Teller transition in DyVO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kishimoto, Kazumasa; Ishikura, Taishi; Nakamura, Hiroyuki; Wakabayashi, Yusuke; Kimura, Tsuyoshi

    2010-03-01

    RVO4 system has been studied as dielectrics for several decades. Among them, DyVO4 having Dy^3+ ( 4f^9) and V^5+ (3d^0) ions shows the Jahn-Teller (JT) transition at TD =14 K due to the interaction between 4f electrons on Dy sites and the lattice. As a result, the lattice distorts from the I41amd tetragonal to the Imma orthorhombic structure and ferroquadrupolar ordering occurs below TD. We measured the dielectric constant of a single crystal of DyVO4 and observed a distinct dielectric anomaly around TD. To clarify the origin of the dielectric anomaly, we performed detailed single crystal structure analyses. Our results suggest that the JT distortion shifts the position of oxygen ions relative to a V ion and then local polarization of a VO4 tetrahedron is induced below TD. We also report the structural domain control causing remarkable magnetocapacitance effects by applying a relatively small magnetic field (˜0.1 T), which is attributed to the strong spin-orbit coupling of Dy 4f electrons.

  16. Crystal structure and partial Ising-like magnetic ordering of orthorhombic Dy2TiO5

    DOE PAGES

    Shamblin, Jacob; Calder, Stuart; Dun, Zhiling; ...

    2016-07-12

    The structure and magnetic properties of orthorhombic Dy2TiO5 have been investigated using x-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, and alternating current (ac)/direct current (dc) magnetic susceptibility measurements. In this paper, we report a continuous structural distortion below 100 K characterized by negative thermal expansion in the [0 1 0] direction. Neutron diffraction and magnetic susceptibility measurements revealed that two-dimensional (2D) magnetic ordering begins at 3.1 K, which is followed by a three-dimensional magnetic transition at 1.7 K. The magnetic structure has been solved through a representational analysis approach and can be indexed with the propagation vector k = [0 1/2 0]. Themore » spin structure corresponds to a coplanar model of interwoven 2D “sheets” extending in the [0 1 0] direction. The local crystal field is different for each Dy3+ ion (Dy1 and Dy2), one of which possesses strong uniaxial symmetry indicative of Ising-like magnetic ordering. In conclusion, consequently, two succeeding transitions under magnetic field are observed in the ac susceptibility, which are associated with flipping each Dy3+ spin independently.« less

  17. BOREAS Level-0 ER-2 Navigation Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Strub, Richard; Dominguez, Roseanne; Newcomer, Jeffrey A.; Hall, Forrest G. (Editor)

    2000-01-01

    The BOREAS Staff Science effort covered those activities that were BOREAS community-level activities or required uniform data collection procedures across sites and time. These activities included the acquisition, processing, and archiving of aircraft navigation/attitude data to complement the digital image data. The level-0 ER-2 navigation data files contain aircraft attitude and position information acquired during the digital image and photographic data collection missions. Temporally, the data were acquired from April to September 1994. Data were recorded at intervals of 5 seconds. The data are stored in tabular ASCII files.

  18. Atomic transition probabilities of Er i

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lawler, J. E.; Wyart, J.-F.; Den Hartog, E. A.

    2010-12-01

    Atomic transition probabilities for 562 lines of the first spectrum of erbium (Er i) are reported. These data are from new branching fraction measurements on Fourier transform spectra normalized with previously reported radiative lifetimes from time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence measurements (Den Hartog et al 2010 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43 155004). The wavelength range of the data set is from 298 to 1981 nm. In this work we explore the utility of parametric fits based on the Cowan code in assessing branching fraction errors due to lines connecting to unobserved lower levels.

  19. Obesity and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stresses

    PubMed Central

    Tripathi, Yamini B.; Pandey, Vivek

    2012-01-01

    In obesity, the adipose cells behave as inflammatory source and result to low grade inflammation. This systemic inflammation along with oxidative stress is a silent killer and damages other vital organs also. High metabolic process, induced due to high nutritional intake, results to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and mitochondrial stress. This review describes the triggering factor and basic mechanism behind the obesity mediated these stresses in relation to inflammation. Efforts have been made to describe the effect-response cycle between adipocytes and non-adipocyte cells with reference to metabolic syndrome (MS). PMID:22891067

  20. Caffeine attenuated ER stress-induced leptin resistance in neurons.

    PubMed

    Hosoi, Toru; Toyoda, Keisuke; Nakatsu, Kanako; Ozawa, Koichiro

    2014-05-21

    Exposing the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to stress causes the accumulation of unfolded proteins, and subsequently results in ER stress. ER stress may be involved in various disorders such as obesity, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases. Leptin is an important circulating hormone, that inhibits food intake and accelerates energy consumption, which suppresses body weight gain. Recent studies demonstrated that leptin resistance is one of the main factors involved in the development of obesity. We and other groups recently reported the role of ER stress in the development of leptin resistance. Therefore, identifying drugs that target ER stress may be a promising fundamental strategy for the treatment of obesity. In the present study, we investigated whether caffeine could affect ER stress and the subsequent development of leptin resistance. We showed that caffeine exhibited chaperone activity, which attenuated protein aggregation. Caffeine also inhibited the ER stress-induced activation of IRE1 and PERK, which suggested the attenuation of ER stress. Moreover, caffeine markedly improved ER stress-induced impairments in the leptin-induced phosphorylation of STAT3. Therefore, these results suggest caffeine may have pharmacological properties that ameliorate leptin resistance by reducing ER stress.

  1. Infrared radiometry of dental enamel during Er:YAG and Er:YSGG laser irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fried, Daniel; Visuri, Steven R.; Featherstone, John D.; Walsh, Joseph T.; Seka, Wolf D.; Glena, Richard E.; McCormack, Sandra M.; Wigdor, Harvey A.

    1996-10-01

    Time-resolved infrared radiometry was used to measure surface temperatures during pulsed Er:YSGG and Er:YAG laser irradiation of dental enamel. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to determine the melting and vaporization thresholds and to characterize other changes in the surface morphology. The magnitude and temporal evolution of the surface temperature during multiple-pulse irradiation of the tissue was dependant on the wavelength, fluence, and pre- exposure to laser pulses. Radiometry and SEM micrographs indicate that ablation is initiated at temperatures well below the melting and vaporization temperatures of the carbonated hydroxyapatite mineral component. Ablation occurred at lower surface temperatures and at a lower fluences for Er:YAG than for Er:YSGG laser irradiation: 400 degrees C versus 800 degrees C and above 7 J/cm2 versus 18/Jcm2, respectively. However, the measured surface temperatures were higher at (lambda) equals 2.79 (Mu) m than at (lambda) equals 2.94 during low fluence irradiation. Spatially dependent absorption in the enamel matrix is proposed to explain this apparent contradiction.

  2. ER/PR Status of the Originating Cell of ER-Negative Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    levels. Therefore, the best ER BAC clon available at this time cannot express an However, while we were in the process of starting to make TVA...knock-in, we found the following surprise result that provides an alternati We have also created a transgenic line expressing tva from the whey acidic

  3. Crystal Lattice Defects in MBE Grown Si Layers Heavily Doped with Er

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zakharov, N. D.; Werner, P.; Vdovin, V. I.; Denisov, D. V.; Sobolev, N. A.; Gösele, U.

    The main types of crystal structure defects in [Er]>2×1019 doped layers are: (i) spherical Er and (ii) ellipsoidal ErSi precipitates, as well as (iii) ErSi2 platelets on {111} planes. In the sample with [Er]=4x1019, small complexes consisting of tiny Er precipitates and four petals of ErSi2 platelets have been found additionally. The layer with [Er]= 8×1018 cm-3 was defect free. The formation of silicides from a supersaturated solid solution and Er precipitates is accompanied by the emission of vacancies V resulting in the formation of pores, V-V and V-Er complexes.

  4. Dysfunction of Wntless triggers the retrograde Golgi-to-ER transport of Wingless and induces ER stress.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Peng; Zhou, Lujun; Pei, Chunli; Lin, Xinhua; Yuan, Zengqiang

    2016-02-18

    Secreted Wnts play diverse roles in a non-cell-autonomous fashion. However, the cell-autonomous effect of unsecreted Wnts remains unknown. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is observed in specialized secretory cells and participates in pathophysiological processes. The correlation between Wnt secretion and ER stress remains poorly understood. Here, we demonstrated that Drosophila miR-307a initiates ER stress specifically in wingless (wg)-expressing cells through targeting wntless (wls/evi). This phenotype could be mimicked by retromer loss-of-function or porcupine (porc) depletion, and rescued by wg knockdown, arguing that unsecreted Wg triggers ER stress. Consistently, we found that disrupting the secretion of human Wnt5a also induced ER stress in mammalian cells. Furthermore, we showed that a C-terminal KKVY-motif of Wg is required for its retrograde Golgi-to-ER transport, thus inducing ER stress. Next, we investigated if COPI, the regulator of retrograde transport, is responsible for unsecreted Wg to induce ER stress. To our surprise, we found that COPI acts as a novel regulator of Wg secretion. Taken together, this study reveals a previously unknown Golgi-to-ER retrograde route of Wg, and elucidates a correlation between Wnt secretion and ER stress during development.

  5. Dysfunction of Wntless triggers the retrograde Golgi-to-ER transport of Wingless and induces ER stress

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Peng; Zhou, Lujun; Pei, Chunli; Lin, Xinhua; Yuan, Zengqiang

    2016-01-01

    Secreted Wnts play diverse roles in a non-cell-autonomous fashion. However, the cell-autonomous effect of unsecreted Wnts remains unknown. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is observed in specialized secretory cells and participates in pathophysiological processes. The correlation between Wnt secretion and ER stress remains poorly understood. Here, we demonstrated that Drosophila miR-307a initiates ER stress specifically in wingless (wg)-expressing cells through targeting wntless (wls/evi). This phenotype could be mimicked by retromer loss-of-function or porcupine (porc) depletion, and rescued by wg knockdown, arguing that unsecreted Wg triggers ER stress. Consistently, we found that disrupting the secretion of human Wnt5a also induced ER stress in mammalian cells. Furthermore, we showed that a C-terminal KKVY-motif of Wg is required for its retrograde Golgi-to-ER transport, thus inducing ER stress. Next, we investigated if COPI, the regulator of retrograde transport, is responsible for unsecreted Wg to induce ER stress. To our surprise, we found that COPI acts as a novel regulator of Wg secretion. Taken together, this study reveals a previously unknown Golgi-to-ER retrograde route of Wg, and elucidates a correlation between Wnt secretion and ER stress during development. PMID:26887613

  6. Magnetic properties of ErN films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meyer, C.; Ruck, B. J.; Preston, A. R. H.; Granville, S.; Williams, G. V. M.; Trodahl, H. J.

    2010-07-01

    We report a magnetization study of stoichiometric ErN nanocrystalline films grown on Si and protected by a GaN passivating layer. According to the temperature dependence of the resistivity the films are heavily doped semiconductors. Above 100 K the magnetization data fit well to a Curie-Weiss behavior with a moment expected within the free-ion ErJ={15}/{2} multiplet. Below 50 K the Curie-Weiss plot steepens to an effective moment corresponding to that in the crystal-field determined quartet ground state, and develops a clear paramagnetic Curie-Weiss temperature of about 4.5 K. Zero-field- and field-cooled magnetization curves and the AC susceptibility firmly establish a ferromagnetic ground state within that multiplet below a Curie temperature of 6.3±0.7 K. Due to the (1 1 1) texture of the film the comparison between the magnetization behavior, when the field is applied parallel and perpendicular to the film plane, gives new information about the magnetic structure. An arrangement of the moments according to the model derived from neutron diffraction for bulk HoN is strongly suggested.

  7. Crystalline, Magnetic and Electronic Structure of the Ba2DySbO6 Complex Perovskite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cardona, R.; Moreno Mendoza, R.; Carrero Bermúdez, L. A.; Landínez Téllez, D. A.; Roa-Rojas, J.

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we report the synthesis of the Ba2DySbO6 new double perovskite by means of the solid-state reaction recipe from high-purity oxide powders of BaCO3, Dy2O3, and Sb2O5. The analysis of the crystal structure was carried out through the X-ray diffraction technique with posterior Rietveld refinement of the experimental diffraction data by the GSAS code. Results reveal that the Ba2DySbO6 material crystallizes in a rhombohedral perovskite structure, belonging to the R-3 (#148) space group with lattice parameter a = 5.96260(5) Å, and angle α = 60.008°. The magnetic characterization was performed by measurements of magnetic susceptibility as a function of temperature. The behavior observed in the temperature regime from 4 K up to 300 K was paramagnetic. The characteristic magnetic parameters were obtained from the fitting with the Curie equation, obtaining the values of susceptibility independent of temperature 0.00633 emu/mol and effective magnetic moment 8.9 \\upmu B, which is 84 % in agreement with the expected value predicted by the Hund's rules. The electronic structure was calculated by means of linearized augmented plane waves in the framework of the density functional theory (DFT). This study considers the cohesion energies as a function of the lattice parameter, with a lattice constant a, whose value is 98 % in agreement with the experimental result. Curves of density of states as a function of the wave number reveal that this material behaves as an insulator with energy gap 3.65 eV. This result was corroborated by diffuse reflectance experiments adjusted to the Kubelka-Munk equation. The effective magnetic moment obtained from the DFT calculations was 7.7 \\upmu B.

  8. UV-Optical Observation of Type Ia Supernova SN 2013dy in NGC 7250

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhai, Qian; Zhang, Ju-Jia; Wang, Xiao-Feng; Zhang, Tian-Meng; Liu, Zheng-Wei; Brown, Peter J.; Huang, Fan; Zhao, Xu-Lin; Chang, Liang; Yi, Wei-Min; Wang, Chuan-Jun; Xin, Yu-Xin; Wang, Jian-Guo; Lun, Bao-Li; Zhang, Xi-Liang; Fan, Yu-Feng; Zheng, Xiang-Ming; Bai, Jin-Ming

    2016-05-01

    Extensive and independent observations of Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) SN 2013dy are presented, including a larger set of UBVRI photometry and optical spectra from a few days before the peak brightness to ˜ 200 days after explosion, and ultraviolet (UV) photometry spanning from t ≈ -10 days to t ≈ +15 days refers to the B band maximum. The peak brightness (i.e., MB = -19.65 ± 0.40 mag; Lmax = [1.95 ± 0.55] × 1043 erg s-1) and the mass of synthesized 56Ni (i.e., M(56Ni) = 0.90 ± 0.26 M⊙) are calculated, and they conform to the expectation for an SN Ia with a slow decline rate (i.e., Δm15(B) = 0.90 ± 0.03 mag). However, the near infrared (NIR) brightness of this SN (i.e., MH = -17.33 ± 0.30 mag) is at least 1.0 mag fainter than usual. Besides, spectroscopy classification reveals that SN 2013dy resides on the border of “core normal” and “shallow silicon” subclasses in the Branch et al. classification scheme, or on the border of the “normal velocity” SNe Ia and 91T/99aa-like events in the Wang et al. system. These suggest that SN 2013dy is a slow-declining SN Ia located on the transitional region of nominal spectroscopic subclasses and might not be a typical normal sample of SNe Ia.

  9. Visualization of dyed NAPL concentration in transparent porous media using color space components

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kashuk, Sina; Mercurio, Sophia R.; Iskander, Magued

    2014-07-01

    Finding a correlation between image pixel information and non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) saturation is an important issue in bench-scale geo-environmental model studies that employ optical imaging techniques. Another concern is determining the best dye color and its optimum concentration as a tracer for use in mapping NAPL zones. Most bench scale flow studies employ monochromatic gray-scale imaging to analyze the concentration of mostly red dyed NAPL tracers in porous media. However, the use of grayscale utilizes a third of the available information in color images, which typically contain three color-space components. In this study, eight color spaces consisting of 24 color-space components were calibrated against dye concentration for three color-dyes. Additionally, multiple color space components were combined to increase the correlation between color-space data and dyed NAPL concentration. This work is performed to support imaging of NAPL migration in transparent synthetic soils representing the macroscopic behavior of natural soils. The transparent soil used in this study consists of fused quartz and a matched refractive index mineral-oil solution that represents the natural aquifer. The objective is to determine the best color dye concentration and ideal color space components for rendering dyed sucrose-saturated fused quartz that represents contamination of the natural aquifer by a dense NAPL (DNAPL). Calibration was achieved for six NAPL zone lengths using 3456 images (24 color space components × 3 dyes × 48 NAPL combinations) of contaminants within a defined criteria expressed as peak signal to noise ratio. The effect of data filtering was also considered and a convolution average filter is recommended for image conditioning. The technology presented in this paper is fast, accurate, non-intrusive and inexpensive method for quantifying contamination zones using transparent soil models.

  10. Visualization of dyed NAPL concentration in transparent porous media using color space components.

    PubMed

    Kashuk, Sina; Mercurio, Sophia R; Iskander, Magued

    2014-07-01

    Finding a correlation between image pixel information and non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) saturation is an important issue in bench-scale geo-environmental model studies that employ optical imaging techniques. Another concern is determining the best dye color and its optimum concentration as a tracer for use in mapping NAPL zones. Most bench scale flow studies employ monochromatic gray-scale imaging to analyze the concentration of mostly red dyed NAPL tracers in porous media. However, the use of grayscale utilizes a third of the available information in color images, which typically contain three color-space components. In this study, eight color spaces consisting of 24 color-space components were calibrated against dye concentration for three color-dyes. Additionally, multiple color space components were combined to increase the correlation between color-space data and dyed NAPL concentration. This work is performed to support imaging of NAPL migration in transparent synthetic soils representing the macroscopic behavior of natural soils. The transparent soil used in this study consists of fused quartz and a matched refractive index mineral-oil solution that represents the natural aquifer. The objective is to determine the best color dye concentration and ideal color space components for rendering dyed sucrose-saturated fused quartz that represents contamination of the natural aquifer by a dense NAPL (DNAPL). Calibration was achieved for six NAPL zone lengths using 3456 images (24 color space components×3 dyes×48 NAPL combinations) of contaminants within a defined criteria expressed as peak signal to noise ratio. The effect of data filtering was also considered and a convolution average filter is recommended for image conditioning. The technology presented in this paper is fast, accurate, non-intrusive and inexpensive method for quantifying contamination zones using transparent soil models.

  11. Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ga–Sb–S chalcogenide glasses for mid-infrared lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Mingjie; Yang, Anping; Peng, Yuefeng; Zhang, Bin; Ren, He; Guo, Wei; Yang, Yan; Zhai, Chengcheng; Wang, Yuwei; Yang, Zhiyong; Tang, Dingyuan

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Novel Ga–Sb–S chalcogenide glasses doped with Dy{sup 3+} ions were synthesized. • The glasses show good thermal stability and excellent infrared transparency. • The glasses show low phonon energy and intense mid-infrared emissions. • The mid-infrared emissions have high quantum efficiency. • The mid-infrared emissions have large stimulated emission cross sections. - Abstract: Novel Ga–Sb–S chalcogenide glasses doped with different amount of Dy{sup 3+} ions were prepared. Their thermal stability, optical properties, and mid-infrared (MIR) emission properties were investigated. The glasses show good thermal stability, excellent infrared transparency, very low phonon energy (∼306 cm{sup −1}), and intense emissions centered at 2.95, 3.59, 4.17 and 4.40 μm. Three Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters (Ω{sub 2} = 8.51 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}, Ω{sub 4} = 2.09 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}, and Ω{sub 6} = 1.60 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}) are obtained, and the related radiative transition properties are evaluated. The high quantum efficiencies and large stimulated emission cross sections of the MIR emissions (88.10% and 1.11 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2} for 2.95 μm emission, 75.90% and 0.38 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2} for 4.40 μm emission, respectively) in the Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ga–Sb–S glasses make them promising gain materials for the MIR lasers.

  12. Degradation of hydrogen sulfide by Xanthomonas sp. strain DY44 isolated from peat

    SciTech Connect

    Cho, Kyeoungsuk; Hirai, Mitsuyo; Shoda, Makoto )

    1992-04-01

    Xanthomonas sp. strain DY44, capable of degrading H{sub 2}S, was isolated from dimethyl disulfide-acclimated peat. This bacterium removed H{sub 2}S either as a single gas or in the presence of the sulfur-containing compounds methanethiol, dimethyl sulfide, and dimethyl disulfide. The maximum specific H{sub 2}S removal rate, obtained in the late stationary phase, was 3.92 mmol g of dry cells{sup {minus}1}h{sup {minus}1} (6.7 {times} 10{sup {minus}16} mol cell{sup {minus}1}h{sup {minus}1}) at pH 7 and 30C through a batch experiment in a basal mineral medium. Since Xanthomonas sp. Strain DY44 exhibited no autotrophic growth with H{sub 2}S, the H{sub 2}S removal was judged not to be a consequence of chemolithotrophic activity. By using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, the metabolic product of H{sub 2}S oxidation was determined to be polysulfide, which has properties very similar to those of elemental sulfur. Autoclaved cells (120C, 20 min) did not show H{sub 2}S degradation, but cells killed by {gamma}-irradiation and cell extracts both oxidized H{sub 2}S, suggesting the existence of a heat-labile intracellular enzymatic system for H{sub 2}S oxidation. When Xanthomonas sp. strain DY44 was inoculated into fibrous peat, this strain degraded H{sub 2}S without lag time, suggesting that it will be a good candidate for maintaining high H{sub 2}S removability in the treatment of exhaust gases.

  13. Supercooled spin liquid state in the frustrated pyrochlore Dy2Ti2O7

    DOE PAGES

    Kassner, Ethan R.; Eyvazov, Azar B.; Pichler, Benjamin; ...

    2015-06-30

    A “supercooled” liquid develops when a fluid does not crystallize upon cooling below its ordering temperature. Instead, the microscopic relaxation times diverge so rapidly that, upon further cooling, equilibration eventually becomes impossible and glass formation occurs. Classic supercooled liquids exhibit specific identifiers including microscopic relaxation times diverging on a Vogel–Tammann–Fulcher (VTF) trajectory, a Havriliak–Negami (HN) form for the dielectric function ε(ω,T), and a general Kohlrausch–Williams–Watts (KWW) form for time-domain relaxation. Recently, the pyrochlore Dy2Ti2O7 has become of interest because its frustrated magnetic interactions may, in theory, lead to highly exotic magnetic fluids. However, its true magnetic state at low temperaturesmore » has proven very difficult to identify unambiguously. Here, we introduce high-precision, boundary-free magnetization transport techniques based upon toroidal geometries and gain an improved understanding of the time- and frequency-dependent magnetization dynamics of Dy2Ti2O7. We demonstrate a virtually universal HN form for the magnetic susceptibility χ(ω,T), a general KWW form for the real-time magnetic relaxation, and a divergence of the microscopic magnetic relaxation rates with the VTF trajectory. Low-temperature Dy2Ti2O7 therefore exhibits the characteristics of a supercooled magnetic liquid. Lastly, one implication is that this translationally invariant lattice of strongly correlated spins may be evolving toward an unprecedented magnetic glass state, perhaps due to many-body localization of spin.« less

  14. ER chaperones in neurodegenerative disease: Folding and beyond.

    PubMed

    Garcia-Huerta, Paula; Bargsted, Leslie; Rivas, Alexis; Matus, Soledad; Vidal, Rene L

    2016-10-01

    Proteins along the secretory pathway are co-translationally translocated into the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) as unfolded polypeptide chains. Afterwards, they are usually modified with N-linked glycans, correctly folded and stabilized by disulfide bonds. ER chaperones and folding enzymes control these processes. The accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER activates a signaling response, termed the unfolded protein response (UPR). The hallmark of this response is the coordinated transcriptional up-regulation of ER chaperones and folding enzymes. In order to discuss the importance of the proper folding of certain substrates we will address the role of ER chaperones in normal physiological conditions and examine different aspects of its contribution in neurodegenerative disease. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled SI:ER stress.

  15. Magnetic interactions in CuII-LnIII cyclic tetranuclear complexes: is it possible to explain the occurrence of SMM behavior in CuII-TbIII and CuII-DyIII complexes?

    PubMed

    Hamamatsu, Takefumi; Yabe, Kazuya; Towatari, Masaaki; Osa, Shutaro; Matsumoto, Naohide; Re, Nazzareno; Pochaba, Andrzej; Mrozinski, Jerzy; Gallani, Jean-Louis; Barla, Alessandro; Imperia, Paolo; Paulsen, Carley; Kappler, Jean-Paul

    2007-05-28

    An extensive series of tetranuclear CuII2LnIII2 complexes [CuIILLnIII(hfac)2]2 (with LnIII being all lanthanide(III) ions except for the radioactive PmIII) has been prepared in order to investigate the nature of the CuII-LnIII magnetic interactions and to try to answer the following question: What makes the CuII2TbIII2 and CuII2DyIII2 complexes single molecule magnets while the other complexes are not? All the complexes within this series possess a similar cyclic tetranuclear structure, in which the CuII and LnIII ions are arrayed alternately via bridges of ligand complex (CuIIL). Regular SQUID magnetometry measurements have been performed on the series. The temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibilities from 2 to 300 K and the field-dependent magnetizations from 0 to 5 T at 2 K have been measured for the CuII2LnIII2 and NiII2LnIII2 complexes, with the NiII2LnIII2 complex containing diamagnetic NiII ions being used as a reference for the evaluation of the CuII-LnIII magnetic interactions. These measurements have revealed that the interactions between CuII and LnIII ions are very weakly antiferromagnetic if Ln=Ce, Nd, Sm, Yb, ferromagnetic if Ln=Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and negligible if Ln=La, Eu, Pr, Lu. With the same goal of better understanding the evolution of the intramolecular magnetic interactions, X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) has also been measured on CuII2TbIII2, CuII2DyIII2, and NiII2TbIII2 complexes, either at the L- and M-edges of the metal ions or at the K-edge of the N and O atoms. Last, the CuII2TbIII2 complex exhibiting SMM behavior has received a closer examination of its low temperature magnetic properties down to 0.1 K. These particular measurements have revealed the unusual very slow setting-up of a 3D order below 0.6 K.

  16. High Resolution Time Series Observations and Modeling of Radiance, Optical Properties, and Physical Processes as Part of RaDyO

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-30

    COMPLETED The primary work completed within the past two years has involved the RaDyO Santa Barbara Channel ( SBC ) experiment and the RaDyO Hawaii field...experiment. Preliminary results from the SBC and Hawaii experiments were summarized in the previous annual report. Details will appear in an

  17. THEORETICAL RESEARCH OF THE OPTICAL SPECTRA AND EPR PARAMETERS FOR Cs2NaYCl6:Dy3+ CRYSTAL

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Hui-Ning; Dong, Meng-Ran; Li, Jin-Jin; Li, Deng-Feng; Zhang, Yi

    2013-09-01

    The calculated EPR parameters are in reasonable agreement with the observed values. The important material Cs2NaYCl6 doped with rare earth ions have received much attention because of its excellent optical and magnetic properties. Based on the superposition model, in this paper the crystal field energy levels, the electron paramagnetic resonance parameters g factors of Dy3+ and hyperfine structure constants of 161Dy3+ and 163Dy3+ isotopes in Cs2NaYCl6 crystal are studied by diagonalizing the 42 × 42 energy matrix. In the calculations, the contributions of various admixtures and interactions such as the J-mixing, the mixtures among the states with the same J-value, and the covalence are all considered. The calculated results are in reasonable agreement with the observed values. The results are discussed.

  18. XPS study of the chemical stability of DyBa2Cu3O6+δ superconductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fetisov, A. V.; Kozhina, G. А.; Estemirova, S. Kh.; Fetisov, V. B.; Gulyaeva, R. I.

    2015-01-01

    The chemical stability of the powder DyBa2Cu3O6+δ has been studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and thermal analysis at ambient conditions. The powder was subjected to mechanical processing in a ball mill-activator to accelerate chemical degradation. The kinetic regularities of hydrolytic decomposition of DyBa2Cu3O6+δ under the influence of air moisture have been determined. The resistive properties of DyBa2Cu3O6+δ to water have been found to be better, but not much different from analogous properties of YBa2Cu3O6+δ which is unstable in a wet environment. Chemical degradation of the material is triggered by crucial concentrating of water particles near the free surface of the solid reactant (due to their low diffusibility in the bulk) leading to rapid chemical decomposition of the respective regions.

  19. Magnetic Properties and Crystal Structure of DyMn2O5 Nanoparticles Embedded in Mesoporous Silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tajiri, T.; Ando, Y.; Deguchi, H.; Mito, M.; Kohno, A.

    We synthesized DyMn2O5 nanoparticles with the nanometer size using mesoporous silica as template of nanoparticles. The size effects of the DyMn2O5 nanoparticles were investigated through crystal structure analysis and magnetic measurement. The powder X-ray diffraction measurement revealed that the synthesized nanoparticles have orthorhombic structure with particle size of approximately 7 nm. The lattice constants for the nanoparticles deviated from those for the bulk crystal. The DyMn2O5 nanoparticles exhibited superparamagnetic behaviors. The evaluated Weiss temperature for the nanoparticles was positive value, whereas that for bulk crystal was negative one. The experimental results suggested that the distortion of crystallographic structure in the nanoparticles induced the changes in magnetic exchange interactions and magnetic frustration among manganese spins.

  20. Slow and static spin correlations in Dy(2+x)Ti(2-x)O(7-d)

    SciTech Connect

    Gardner, Jason; Ehlers, Georg; Fouquet, Peter; Farago, Bela; Stewart, John Ross

    2011-01-01

    The static and dynamic spin correlations in the spin ices Dy{sub 2.3}Ti{sub 1.7}O{sub 6.85} and Dy{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} have been studied in polarized neutron diffraction and neutron spin echo experiments. The measurements reveal that, below 100 mK, the magnetic scattering braodens and shifts to higher |Q| upon stuffing the pyrochlore lattice with additional Dy{sup 3+} ions. These observations can be related, by means of reverse Monte Carlo simulation, to the modified distribution of near-neighbour distances and an overall more antiferromagnetic character of the near-neighbour couplings. The dynamic measurements show that the spin correlations are slower in the stuffed system. These results will be discussed and compared to the holmium analogues.

  1. Suppression of Pauling's residual entropy in the dilute spin ice (Dy1-xYx) 2Ti2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scharffe, S.; Breunig, O.; Cho, V.; Laschitzky, P.; Valldor, M.; Welter, J. F.; Lorenz, T.

    2015-11-01

    Around 0.5 K, the entropy of the spin ice Dy2Ti2O7 has a plateau like feature close to Pauling's residual entropy derived originally for water ice, but an unambiguous quantification towards lower temperature is prevented by ultraslow thermal equilibration. Based on the specific-heat data of (Dy1-xYx)2Ti2O7 we analyze the influence of nonmagnetic dilution on the low-temperature entropy. With increasing x , the ultraslow thermal equilibration rapidly vanishes, the low-temperature entropy systematically decreases, and its temperature dependence strongly increases. These data suggest that a nondegenerate ground state is realized in (Dy1-xYx)2Ti2O7 for intermediate dilution. This contradicts the expected zero-temperature residual entropy obtained from a generalization of Pauling's theory for dilute spin ice, but is supported by Monte Carlo simulations.

  2. Spontaneous structural distortion of the metallic Shastry-Sutherland system Dy B4 by quadrupole-spin-lattice coupling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sim, Hasung; Lee, Seongsu; Hong, Kun-Pyo; Jeong, Jaehong; Zhang, J. R.; Kamiyama, T.; Adroja, D. T.; Murray, C. A.; Thompson, S. P.; Iga, F.; Ji, S.; Khomskii, D.; Park, Je-Geun

    2016-11-01

    Dy B4 has a two-dimensional Shastry-Sutherland (Sh-S) lattice with strong Ising character of the Dy ions. Despite the intrinsic frustrations, it undergoes two successive transitions: a magnetic ordering at TN=20 K and a quadrupole ordering at TQ=12.5 K . From high-resolution neutron and synchrotron x-ray powder diffraction studies, we have obtained full structural information on this material in all phases and demonstrate that structural modifications occurring at quadrupolar transition lead to the lifting of frustrations inherent in the Sh-S model. Our paper thus provides a complete experimental picture of how the intrinsic frustration of the Sh-S lattice can be lifted by the coupling to quadrupole moments. We show that two other factors, i.e., strong spin-orbit coupling and long-range Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interaction in metallic Dy B4 , play an important role in this behavior.

  3. A single-molecule magnet featuring a parallelogram [Dy4(OCH2-)4] core and two magnetic relaxation processes.

    PubMed

    Liu, Cai-Ming; Zhang, De-Qing; Zhu, Dao-Ben

    2013-10-01

    An alkoxido-bridged tetranuclear Dy(iii) complex, [Dy4(H3L)2(OAc)6]·2EtOH {, H6L = 1,3-bis[tris(hydroxymethyl)methylamino]propane}, has been solvothermally synthesized and characterized. An X-ray crystallographic study revealed that complex possesses a novel "parallelogram" [Dy4(OCH2-)4] core, and a new binding mode η(3):η(3):η(1):η(1):η(1):η(2):μ(4) of the Bis-tris propane ligand was observed. Magnetic investigations indicated that it is a single-molecule magnet (SMM), showing two distinct magnetic relaxation processes with the energy barriers of 44 K and 107 K, respectively. Such a two-step magnetic relaxation process could be well described by the sum of two modified Debye functions.

  4. Terahertz-driven magnetism dynamics in the orthoferrite DyFeO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reid, A. H. M.; Rasing, Th.; Pisarev, R. V.; Dürr, H. A.; Hoffmann, M. C.

    2015-02-01

    Terahertz (THz) driven magnetization dynamics are explored in the orthoferrite DyFeO3. A high-field, single cycle THz pulse is used to excite magnon modes in the crystal together with other resonances. Both quasi-ferromagnetic and quasi-antiferromagnetic magnon modes are excited and appear in time-resolved measurements of the Faraday rotation. Other modes are also observed in the measurements of the time-resolved linear birefringence. Analysis of the excitation process reveals that despite larger than expected electro-optical susceptibility, it is mainly the THz magnetic field that couples to the quasi-ferromagnetic and quasi-antiferromagnetic magnon branches.

  5. Pairing and specific heat in 161,162Dy and 171,172Yb isotopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gambacurta, Danilo; Lacroix, Denis; Sandulescu, N.

    2014-09-01

    The finite-temperature variation after projection BCS approach (FT-VAP) is employed to study the pairing phase-transition for the 161,162Dy and 171,172Yb isotopes. Due to the restoration of particle number conservation, the pairing gap and the specific heat calculated in the FT-VAP approach vary smoothly with the temperature, indicating a gradual transition from the superfluid to the normal phase, as expected in finite systems. FT-VAP results are compared with those obtained in the exact canonical approach as well as with experimental data.

  6. Investigation of the thermal properties on Dy5Ge2Si2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shanmukharao Samatham, S.; Venkateshwarlu, D.; Gangrade, Mohan; Pandya, Swati; Ganesan, V.

    2014-09-01

    The calorimetric and thermopower measurements on Dy5Ge2Si2 are presented. The antiferromagnetic ordering resulted in a sharp peak in specific heat and paramagnetic temperature as a shoulder. Magnetic entropy (Smag) is estimated from the magnetic heat capacity, Cmag and is in good agreement with the theoretically calculated value. A small note on correct assessment of Smag is presented. Thermoelectric power is analysed in line with the specific heat and a temperature region of magnetic correlations is identified. Charge carrier density n~2.5x1023 cm-3 is calculated using Sommerfeld parameter γ and diffusion thermopower constant σD.

  7. Low-lying bands with different quadrupole deformation in 155Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petkov, P.; Yavahchova, M. S.; Möller, O.; Dewald, A.; Saha, B.; Fitzler, A.; Jessen, K.; Tonev, D.; Klug, T.; Heinze, S.; Jolie, J.; von Brentano, P.; Goutev, N.; Bazzacco, D.; Ur, C. A.; Farnea, C. A.; Axiotis, M.; Lunardi, S.; de Angelis, G.; Napoli, D. R.; Marginean, N.; Martinez, T.; Caprio, M. A.

    2014-03-01

    To investigate the interplay between collective and single particle degrees of freedom in odd nuclei, Recoil distance Doppler-shift and Doppler-shift attenuation lifetime measurements were carried out for levels in 155Dy in coincidence detection of gamma-rays. 26 lifetimes were determined using the Differential decay curve method. Particle plus triaxial rotor model (PTRM) calculations were performed to compare the experimental level scheme and transition strengths with theoretical ones in order to get information on the quadrupole deformation (є,γ) of the bands. As a result, different quadrupole deformations for the one-quasineutron bands at low and medium spins are deduced.

  8. Competition of magnetization mechanisms in (NdDy)(FeCo)B alloys, doped with samarium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kablov, E. N.; Ospennikova, O. G.; Piskorskii, V. P.; Korolev, D. V.; Kunitsina, E. I.; Dmitriev, A. I.; Morgunov, R. B.

    2016-01-01

    It is found that magnetic hysteresis in sintered magnets (Nd0.62Dy0.33Sm0.05)16.2(Fe0.77Co0.23)78.1B5.7 for the temperature range T = 150-350 K, is caused by a mechanism associated with the displacement of domain walls, which ceases at temperatures below 150 K. In addition, the formation of magnetic hysteresis in this temperature range is affected by the mechanism involving the nucleation of the reverse magnetization phase, which is observed at temperatures down to 36 K.

  9. Complex magnetism of Ho-Dy-Y-Gd-Tb hexagonal high-entropy alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lužnik, J.; Koželj, P.; Vrtnik, S.; Jelen, A.; Jagličić, Z.; Meden, A.; Feuerbacher, M.; Dolinšek, J.

    2015-12-01

    Rare earth based equimolar Ho-Dy-Y-Gd-Tb hexagonal high-entropy alloy (HEA) is a prototype of an ideal HEA, stabilized by the entropy of mixing at any temperature with random mixing of elements on the hexagonal close-packed lattice. In order to determine intrinsic properties of an ideal HEA characterized by the enormous chemical (substitutional) disorder on a weakly distorted simple lattice, we have performed measurements of its magnetic and electrical response and the specific heat. The results show that the Ho-Dy-Y-Gd-Tb hexagonal HEA exhibits a rich and complex magnetic field-temperature (H ,T ) phase diagram, as a result of competition among the periodic potential arising from the electronic band structure that favors periodic magnetic ordering, the disorder-induced local random potential that favors spin glass-type spin freezing in random directions, the Zeeman interaction with the external field that favors spin alignment along the field direction, and the thermal agitation that opposes any spin ordering. Three characteristic temperature regions were identified in the (H ,T ) phase diagram between room temperature and 2 K. Within the upper temperature region I (roughly between 300 and 75 K), thermal fluctuations average out the effect of local random pinning potential and the spin system behaves as a pure system of compositionally averaged spins, undergoing a thermodynamic phase transition to a long-range ordered helical antiferromagnetic state at the Néel temperature TN=180 K that is a compositional average of the Néel temperatures of pure Tb, Dy, and Ho metals. Region II (between 75 and 20 K) is an intermediate region where the long-range periodic spin order "melts" and the random ordering of spins in the local random potential starts to prevail. Within the low-temperature region III (below 20 K), the spins gradually freeze in a spin glass configuration. The spin glass phase appears to be specific to the rare earths containing hexagonal HEAs, sharing

  10. Morphotropic phase boundaries in ferromagnets: Tb(1-x)Dy(x)Fe2 alloys.

    PubMed

    Bergstrom, Richard; Wuttig, Manfred; Cullen, James; Zavalij, Peter; Briber, Robert; Dennis, Cindi; Garlea, V Ovidiu; Laver, Mark

    2013-07-05

    The structure and properties of the ferromagnet Tb(1-x)Dy(x)Fe(2) are explored through the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) separating ferroic phases of differing symmetry. Our synchrotron data support a first order structural transition, with a broadening MPB width at higher temperatures. The optimal point for magnetomechanical applications is not centered on the MPB but lies on the rhombohedral side, where the high striction of the rhombohedral majority phase combines with the softened anisotropy of the MPB. We compare our findings with single ion crystal field theory and with ferroelectric MPBs, where the controlling energies are different.

  11. Fiber optic magnetic field sensor based on the TbDyFe rod

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Feifei; Jiang, Yi

    2014-08-01

    We present, and experimentally demonstrate, a fiber optic magnetic field sensor for the measurement of a weak alternating magnetic field, based on a TbDyFe rod. The fiber optic magnetic field sensor is constructed in a Michelson interferometer configuration, and the phase-generated carrier demodulation is used to obtain the time-varying phase shift induced by the applied magnetic field. A high sensitivity of up to 3.6 × 10-2 V μT - 1 (rms) with a resolution of 23 pT/√Hz (rms) at 50 Hz is achieved. Experimental results show that the sensor exhibits excellent linearity and reversibility.

  12. Dichroism measurements in forensic fibre examination. Part 4-dyed acrylic and acetate fibres.

    PubMed

    De Wael, K

    2012-06-01

    A number of dyed acrylic and acetate fibre samples were examined with plane polarized light on their dichroic behavior by optical light microscopy (OLM) and microspectrophotometry with plane polarized light (MSP-PPL). It was found that most of these low birefringent fibres possess weak dichroic effects that are very hard to observe with microscopy. However, using MSP-PPL, the linear dichroism could be measured. A comparison between the dichroic effects found for the same disperse dyes on triacetate (TrAc), diacetate (Ac), polyester (PES) and polyamide (PA) shows that the linear dichroism follows the order: PA>PES >TrAc, Ac.

  13. Dichroism measurements in forensic fibre examination. Part 3 - dyed cotton and viscose fibres.

    PubMed

    De Wael, K; Lepot, L

    2011-12-01

    A number of dyed cellulosic fibres were examined with plane polarized light on their dichroic behavior by microscopy and microspectrophotometry (MSP-PPL). Significant dichroic effects (mostly hypochromic effects and hypsochromic bands shifts) were reported. The effect is related to the chemical structure: some dye structures always possess dichroism (azo, stilbene, thiazole and oxazine), some dyes demonstrate sometimes dichroic effects (anthraquinoid, indigoid) while other structures never demonstrate dichroic effects (sulphur, diphenylmethanes, triarylmethanes, phthalocyanines). In some cases a different dichroic behavior was found for the same dyes applied on cotton and on viscose.

  14. Calculation of a plasma HgDyI3 transport coefficients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hajji, S.; HadjSalah, S.; Benhalima, A.; Charrada, K.; Zissis, G.

    2015-05-01

    This work is devoted to the calculation of the chemical composition and transport coefficients of HgDyI3 plasmas in thermal equilibrium. These calculations are performed for pressures equal to 2MP and for temperatures varying from 1000 to 10 000 K. The thermal and electrical conductivity as well as viscosity have been computed as a function of temperature at different atomic ratios. The computational method proposed by Devoto from the classical formalism described by Hirschfelder et al. [Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1954)] is used.

  15. Engineering extended Hubbard models with Zeeman excitations of ultracold Dy atoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vargas-Hernández, R. A.; Krems, R. V.

    2016-12-01

    We show that Zeeman excitations of ultracold Dy atoms trapped in an optical lattice can be used to engineer extended Hubbard models with tunable inter-site and particle number-non-conserving interactions. We show that the ratio of the hopping amplitude and inter-site interactions in these lattice models can be tuned in a wide range by transferring the atoms to different Zeeman states. We propose to use the resulting controllable models for the study of the effects of direct particle interactions and particle number-non-conserving terms on Anderson localization.

  16. Quantum-Classical Reentrant Relaxation Crossover in Dy2Ti2O7 Spin Ice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Snyder, J.; Ueland, B. G.; Slusky, J. S.; Karunadasa, H.; Cava, R. J.; Mizel, Ari; Schiffer, P.

    2003-09-01

    We have studied spin relaxation in the spin ice compound Dy2Ti2O7 through measurements of the ac magnetic susceptibility. While the characteristic spin-relaxation time (τ) is thermally activated at high temperatures, it becomes almost temperature independent below Tcross˜13 K. This behavior, combined with nonmonotonic magnetic field dependence of τ, indicates that quantum tunneling dominates the relaxational process below that temperature. As the low-entropy spin ice state develops below Tice˜4 K, τ increases sharply with decreasing temperature, suggesting the emergence of a collective degree of freedom for which thermal relaxation processes again become important as the spins become strongly correlated.

  17. Electron spin resonance and thermoluminescence studies in CaSO4: Dy,Ag phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhabekar, Bhushan; Menon, Sanjeev; Kumar, Rajesh; Gundu Rao, T. K.; Bhatt, B. C.; Lakshmanan, A. R.

    2005-09-01

    The defect centres formed in the thermoluminescence (TL) phosphor CaSO4 : Dy,Ag are studied using the technique of electron spin resonance (ESR). The Ag co-doped phosphor exhibits three glow peaks around 130°C, 220°C and 375°C, in contrast to the two glow peaks observed in the CaSO4 : Dy phosphor at 130°C and 220°C, at gamma ray dose of 1 Gy when the TL measurements were carried out in the spectral region 300-650 nm. ESR studies show that the additional peak at 375°C correlates with a Ag2+ centre formed owing to γ-irradiation and observable below -170°C. The Ag2+ centre is characterized by an axial g-tensor with principal values g|| = 2.38 and gbottom = 2.41. ESR studies further indicate that the precursor to a centre observable at low temperature (-170°C) appears to act as the recombination centre for the TL peak at 375°C; this radical is characterized by the g-values g|| = 2.0023 and gbottom = 2.0038 and is assigned to the SO_{3}^{-} radical. It is observed that there is more incorporation of Ag in the CaSO4 : Dy system as compared with that in the pure CaSO4 system. The variation of Ag2 + ESR intensity with Ag concentration as well as with dose in the range 0.3-120 kGy is studied. The Ag2 + ESR signal and TL saturate at 2 × 104 Gy, but the intensity of the SO_{3}^{-} radical continues to increase up to the studied dose of 1.2 × 105 Gy. The intensity of the SO_{3}^{-} radical decreases with Ag concentration in CaSO4 : Dy,Ag, in agreement with the TL model proposed in this work.

  18. Room and low temperature luminescence properties of CaSO4: Dy , Tm codoped with Li

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Can, N.; Karalı, T.; Wang, Y.; Townsend, P. D.; Prokic, M.; Canimoglu, A.

    2009-08-01

    Rare earths, especially Dy or Tm doped CaSO4 phosphors are actively studied. They have high sensitivity, a large dynamic range, thermal stability and ease of preparation. Nevertheless, they can be enhanced by inclusion of lithium and this study reports some effects of lithium co-dopant on the TL and radioluminescence (RL) emissions of two TL phosphors. Addition of Li as a co-dopant ion was made either during chemical preparation of the phosphors, or as a binder component mixed with the basic phosphors matrix during the process of pressing and sintering the TLD pellets.

  19. Reversing ferroelectric polarization in multiferroic DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} by nonmagnetic Al substitution of Mn

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Z. Y.; Liu, M. F.; Li, X.; Wang, J. X.; Yan, Z. B.; Wang, K. F.; Liu, J.-M.

    2014-08-07

    The multiferroic RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} family, where R is rare-earth ion or Y, exhibits rich physics of multiferroicity which has not yet well understood. DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} is a representative member of this family. The ferroelectric polarization of DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} is claimed to be magnetically relevant and have more than one component. Therefore, the polarization reversal upon the sequent magnetic transitions is expected. We investigate the evolution of the ferroelectric polarization upon a partial substitution of Mn{sup 3+} by nonmagnetic Al{sup 3+} in order to tailor the Mn{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+} interactions and then to modulate the polarization in DyMn{sub 2−x/2}Al{sub x/2}O{sub 5}. It is revealed that the polarization can be successfully reversed by Al-substitution via substantially suppressing the Mn{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+} interactions, while the Dy{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+} interactions can sustain against the substitution until a level as high as x = 0.2. In addition, the independent Dy spin ordering is shifted remarkably down to an extremely low temperature due to the Al{sup 3+} substitution. The present work unveils the possibility of tailoring the Mn{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+} and Dy{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+} interactions independently, and thus reversing the ferroelectric polarization.

  20. White-light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence in Dy{sup 3+}-doped SrSiO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Kuang Jinyong; Liu Yingliang . E-mail: tliuyl@jnu.edu.cn; Zhang Jianxian

    2006-01-15

    We report on a luminescent phenomenon in Dy{sup 3+}-doped SrSiO{sub 3} long-lasting phosphor. After irradiation by a 254-nm UV lamp for 5min, the Dy{sup 3+}-doped SrSiO{sub 3} phosphor emits white light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence for more than 1h even after the irradiation source has been removed. Photoluminescence, long-lasting phosphorescence and thermoluminescence (TL) spectra are used to explain this phenomenon. Photoluminescence spectra reveal that the white light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence originated from the two mixtures of Dy{sup 3+} characteristic luminescence, the 480-nm blue emission ({sup 4}F{sub 9/2}->{sup 6}H{sub 15/2}) and the 572-nm yellow emission ({sup 4}F{sub 9/2}->{sup 6}H{sub 13/2}). TL spectra shows that the introduction of Dy{sup 3+} ions into the SrSiO{sub 3} host produces a highly dense trapping level at 377K (0.59eV), which is responsible for the long-lasting phosphorescence at room temperature. A possible mechanism of the long-lasting phosphorescence based on the experimental results is proposed. It is considered that the long-lasting phosphorescence is due to persistent energy transfer from the electron traps to the Dy{sup 3+} ions, which creates the persistent luminescence of Dy{sup 3+} to produce the white light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence.

  1. Fluorescence of Er3+:AlN Polycrystalline Ceramic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    using heating techniques and sintering aids such as hot pressing with Ca(NO3)2•4H2O [19], spark plasma sintering with CaF2 [20], and pressureless...Cleveland, OH, U.S.A.) to determine the levels of Er before and after sintering . The starting powders (measured using Inductively Coupled Plasma ...optical spectroscopy of Er3+ doped into bulk AlN ceramic. The material was prepared via hot press sintering of AlN with Er2O3 and [NH4][ErF4], which

  2. Links between ER stress and autophagy in plants.

    PubMed

    Pu, Yunting; Bassham, Diane C

    2013-06-01

    Autophagy is a major pathway for the delivery of proteins or organelles to be degraded in the vacuole and recycled. It can be induced by abiotic stresses, senescence, and pathogen infection. Recent research has shown that autophagy is activated by ER stress. Here we review the major progress that has been made in the study of autophagy and ER stress in plants, and describe the links between ER stress and autophagy to guide further study on how autophagy is regulated in response to ER stress.

  3. Lanthanum Titanate Nanoparticles ER Fluids with High Performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, De; Shen, Rong; Wei, Shiqiang; Lu, Kunquan

    A new type of electrorheological (ER) fluid consisting of lanthanum titanate (LTO) nanoparticles is developed. The ER fluids were prepared by suspending LTO powder in silicone oil and the particles were fabricated by wet chemical method. This ER fluid shows excellent ER properties: The static yield stress reaches over 150 kPa under 5 kV/mm with linear dependence on the applied DC electric field, and the current density is below 10 μA/cm2. In order to investigate the affect factor on the ER behavior, the LTO powder were heated under different temperatures. The ER performances of two particles treated under different temperatures were compared and the composition changes for those particles were analyzed with TG-FTIR technique. It was found that the static yield stress of the suspensions fell from over 150 kPa to about 40 kPa and the current densities decreased prominently as the rise of the heating temperature. TG-FTIR analysis indicated that polar groups remained in the particles such as alkyl group, hydroxyl group and carbonyl group etc., contribute to the ER effect significantly. The experimental results are helpful to understand the mechanism of the high ER effect and to synthesize better ER materials.

  4. Ire1 supports normal ER differentiation in developing Drosophila photoreceptors

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Zuyuan; Chikka, Madhusudana Rao; Xia, Hongai; Ready, Donald F.

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) serves virtually all aspects of cell physiology and, by pathways that are incompletely understood, is dynamically remodeled to meet changing cell needs. Inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (Ire1), a conserved core protein of the unfolded protein response (UPR), participates in ER remodeling and is particularly required during the differentiation of cells devoted to intense secretory activity, so-called ‘professional’ secretory cells. Here, we characterize the role of Ire1 in ER differentiation in the developing Drosophila compound eye photoreceptors (R cells). As part of normal development, R cells take a turn as professional secretory cells with a massive secretory effort that builds the photosensitive membrane organelle, the rhabdomere. We find rough ER sheets proliferate as rhabdomere biogenesis culminates, and Ire1 is required for normal ER differentiation. Ire1 is active early in R cell development and is required in anticipation of peak biosynthesis. Without Ire1, the amount of rough ER sheets is strongly reduced and the extensive cortical ER network at the rhabdomere base, the subrhabdomere cisterna (SRC), fails. Instead, ER proliferates in persistent and ribosome-poor tubular tangles. A phase of Ire1 activity early in R cell development thus shapes dynamic ER. PMID:26787744

  5. Cooperative Dynamics of AR and ER Activity in Breast Cancer.

    PubMed

    D'Amato, Nicholas C; Gordon, Michael A; Babbs, Beatrice; Spoelstra, Nicole S; Carson Butterfield, Kiel T; Torkko, Kathleen C; Phan, Vernon T; Barton, Valerie N; Rogers, Thomas J; Sartorius, Carol A; Elias, Anthony; Gertz, Jason; Jacobsen, Britta M; Richer, Jennifer K

    2016-11-01

    Androgen receptor (AR) is expressed in 90% of estrogen receptor alpha-positive (ER(+)) breast tumors, but its role in tumor growth and progression remains controversial. Use of two anti-androgens that inhibit AR nuclear localization, enzalutamide and MJC13, revealed that AR is required for maximum ER genomic binding. Here, a novel global examination of AR chromatin binding found that estradiol induced AR binding at unique sites compared with dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Estradiol-induced AR-binding sites were enriched for estrogen response elements and had significant overlap with ER-binding sites. Furthermore, AR inhibition reduced baseline and estradiol-mediated proliferation in multiple ER(+)/AR(+) breast cancer cell lines, and synergized with tamoxifen and fulvestrant. In vivo, enzalutamide significantly reduced viability of tamoxifen-resistant MCF7 xenograft tumors and an ER(+)/AR(+) patient-derived model. Enzalutamide also reduced metastatic burden following cardiac injection. Finally, in a comparison of ER(+)/AR(+) primary tumors versus patient-matched local recurrences or distant metastases, AR expression was often maintained even when ER was reduced or absent. These data provide preclinical evidence that anti-androgens that inhibit AR nuclear localization affect both AR and ER, and are effective in combination with current breast cancer therapies. In addition, single-agent efficacy may be possible in tumors resistant to traditional endocrine therapy, as clinical specimens of recurrent disease demonstrate AR expression in tumors with absent or refractory ER.

  6. Enhanced Emission from Li2CaSiO4:Dy3+ Phosphors by Doping with Al3+ and B3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erdoğmuş, E.

    2016-05-01

    Pure Li2CaSiO4, Li2CaSiO4:Dy3+ and Al3+, B3+ co-doped materials were prepared by a solid-state reaction in air at 900°C for 6 h and characterized by using powder XRD. The luminescence properties of the synthesized phosphors were measured at room temperature with a spectrofluorometer. Li2CaSiO4:Dy3+ emits at 484, 575, and 660 nm upon 352 nm excitation. The emission spectrum intensity of Dy3+ increased from 0.01 to 0.06 mol.%, and beyond 0.06 mol.%, concentration quenching was observed. Also, in this study, the effects of boric acid and aluminum oxide concentration on the photoluminescence properties of Dy3+ doped phosphors were investigated. The results showed that boric acid and aluminum oxide were effective in improving the photoluminescence intensity of Li2CaSiO4:Dy3+ compounds.

  7. High-resolution spectroscopy, crystal-field calculations, and quadrupole helix chirality of DyFe3(BO3)4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Popova, M. N.; Malkin, B. Z.; Stanislavchuk, T. N.; Chukalina, E. P.; Boldyrev, K. N.; Gudim, I. A.

    2016-12-01

    High-resolution polarized transmission spectra of DyFe3(BO3)4 single crystals were investigated in broad spectral (10-23000 cm-1) and temperature (3.5-300 K) ranges. Energies of the dysprosium levels in the paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases were determined. On the basis of these data and preliminary calculations in the frameworks of the exchange-charge model, we determined the crystal-field and Dy-Fe exchange interaction parameters of the Dy3+ ions at sites with the point C2 symmetry corresponding to the enantiomorphic P3121 and P3221 space groups. The values of electronic quadrupole moments of the Dy3+ ions were calculated, which enabled us to interpret results of the work [Usui et al., Nature Mater. 13, 611 (2014)] on the observation of domains of different quadrupole chirality in DyFe3(BO3)4.

  8. Effect of sintering conditions on the magnetic and microstructural properties of Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets doped with DyF(3) powders.

    PubMed

    Park, Song-E; Kim, Tae-Hoon; Lee, Seong-Rae; Namkung, Seok; Jang, Tae-Suk

    2012-04-01

    The microstructural and magnetic property changes of DyF(3)-doped (Nd(26.06), Dy(6.51))-Fe(bal) -B(0.97)-M(2.39) (wt. %) (M = Cu, Al, Co, and Nb) sintered magnets as functions of the sintering conditions were studied. The sintering conditions for the optimum core-shell microstructure were determined. When the magnets were sintered at 1050 °C for 4 h, a coercivity of 35.1 kOe was obtained without sacrificing the remanence. When the magnets were doped with DyF(3), the formation of the RE-rich phase (Nd-Dy-O) was effectively suppressed and, hence, saving the Dy. In addition, the formation of a cubic-NdOF triple-junction phase (TJP) improves the interface uniformity and enhances the coercivity.

  9. Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties of NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor

    SciTech Connect

    Li Linlin; Zi Wenwen; Li Guanghuan; Lan Shi; Ji Guijuan; Gan Shucai; Zou Haifeng; Xu Xuechun

    2012-07-15

    Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method using ammonia as pH value regulator. The hydrothermal process was carried out under aqueous condition without the use of any organic solvent, surfactant, and catalyst. The experimental results demonstrate that the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor powders are single-phase scheelite structure with tetragonal symmetry. Moreover, the phosphor under the excitation of 390 and 456 nm exhibited blue emission (486 nm) and yellow emission (574 nm), corresponding to the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} transition and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} transition of Dy{sup 3+} ions, respectively. In addition, the yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. All chromaticity coordinates of the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors are located in the white-light region. The results indicate that this kind of phosphor may has potential applications in the fields of near UV-excited and blue-excited white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: It can be seen from the SEM images that a pompon-like shape was obtained with an average diameter of about 1 {mu}m, and it is composed of many nanoflakes. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Blue emission at 486 nm and yellow emission at 574 nm were obtained from the samples. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} can be efficiently excited by the blue light and the near ultraviolet light.

  10. Enhancing the effective energy barrier of a Dy(III) SMM using a bridged diamagnetic Zn(II) ion.

    PubMed

    Upadhyay, Apoorva; Singh, Saurabh Kumar; Das, Chinmoy; Mondol, Ranajit; Langley, Stuart K; Murray, Keith S; Rajaraman, Gopalan; Shanmugam, Maheswaran

    2014-08-18

    Field induced single-molecule-magnet behaviour is observed for both a heterodinuclear [ZnDy(L(-))2](3+) complex (1) and a mononuclear [Dy(HL)2](3+) complex (2), with effective energy barriers of 83 cm(-1) and 16 cm(-1), respectively. Insights into the relaxation mechanism(s) and barrier heights are provided via ab initio and DFT calculations. Our findings reveal an interesting observation that the U(eff) of SMMs can be enhanced by incorporating diamagnetic metal ions.

  11. Dynamic Stress Factor (DySF): A Significant Predictor of Severe Hypoglycemic Events in Children with Type 1 Diabetes.

    PubMed

    Rawlings, Ra; Yuan, L; Shi, H; Brehm, W; Pop-Busui, R; Nelson, Pw

    2012-02-28

    Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is the current standard used in the clinical treatment of patients with diabetes. However, it has been shown that patients with similar HbA1c values may have widely different fluctuations in blood glucose values over the same period of time, including time spent in hyper- and/or hypo-glycemia. Hence, there exists a need for quantitative measures that can supplement HbA1c in managing patients with diabetes. We introduce and compare the Dynamic Stress Factor, DySF, a newly developed metric that quantifies glycemic volatility based on patient-specific glucose transition density profiles with HbA1c and with currently used glucose variability metrics in predicting severe hypoglycemia in children with type 1 diabetes. DySF, the daily weighted number of large monotonic glycemic transitions that occur within one hour, was calculated for 441 total subjects with type 1 diabetes (146 children, aged 8-14 yrs) to assess the magnitude and frequency of glucose transitions per day. Severe hypoglycemic episodes (HE) were quantified for all subjects and evaluated against HbA1c and existing measures of glucose variability, including SD, MAGE, MODD, and CONGA using logistic regression models. DySF was found to be a predictor of severe HE in children (p = 0.018) with the likelihood of a child, aged 8-14 yrs, experiencing severe hypoglycemia increasing by up to 20% with decreasing values of up to 60% of DySF. Patients of any age who had one or multiple severe hypoglycemic episodes had on average a lower DySF when compared to those with no HE. Additionally, when considering mean glucose levels, DySF/mean was a preliminary predictor of severe HE in patients with HbA1c ≤ 6.5% (p = 0.062). DySF is a dynamic, quantitative, measure of daily glucose "volatility" that separates patients, within the same strata of HbA1c, into visually distinct patient profiles. DySF can be used as a preliminary predictor of clinically severe hypoglycemia in children and "well

  12. Defect structures and optical characteristics of Er3+ ion in Er:LiNbO3 crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qian, Yannan; Wang, Rui; Wang, Biao; Xu, Chao; Xing, Lili; Xu, Yanling

    2013-03-01

    Congruent Er:LiNbO3 crystals were grown by Czochraski method. The OH- absorption and UV-vis-near infrared absorption spectra indicated that Er3+ cluster sites were formed in LiNbO3 crystal doped with 3 mol% Er3+ ions. Studies on the stokes and anti-stokes spectra showed that the formation of Er3+ cluster sites could increase the rate of cross relaxation processes. Judd-Ofelt theory was carried out to discuss the spectral characteristics of Er3+ ions in Er:LiNbO3 crystals. Based on Füchtbauer-Ladenburg and McCumber theory, the emission cross section of the 4I13/2 → 4I15/2 transition of Er3+ ion was calculated, and the potential laser performance was evaluated by the gain cross section spectra. Er:LiNbO3 crystal codoped with Zn2+ ions was also grown to discuss the relation between the defect structure and optical characteristics of Er3+ ion.

  13. Role of SERCA1 Truncated Isoform in the Proapoptotic Calcium Transfer from ER to Mitochondria during ER Stress

    PubMed Central

    Chami, Mounia; Oulès, Bénédicte; Szabadkai, György; Tacine, Rachida; Rizzuto, Rosario; Paterlini-Bréchot, Patrizia

    2009-01-01

    SUMMARY Among the new players at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondria interface regulating interorganelle calcium signaling, those specifically involved during ER stress are not known at present. We report here that the truncated variant of the sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 1 (S1T) amplifies ER stress through the PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP pathway. S1T, which is localized in the ER-mitochondria microdomains, determines ER Ca2+ depletion due to increased Ca2+ leak, an increased number of ER-mitochondria contact sites, and inhibition of mitochondria movements. This leads to increased Ca2+ transfer to mitochondria in both resting and stimulated conditions and activation of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Interestingly, S1T knockdown was shown to prevent ER stress, mitochondrial Ca2+ overload, and subsequent apoptosis. Thus, by bridging ER stress to apoptosis through increased ER-mitochondria Ca2+ transfer, S1T acts as an essential determinant of cellular fate. PMID:19061639

  14. Efficient 1645-nm Er:YAG laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Young, York E.; Setzler, Scott D.; Snell, Kevin J.; Budni, Peter A.; Pollak, Thomas M.; Chicklis, E. P.

    2004-05-01

    We report a resonantly fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG laser operating at the eye-safe wavelength of 1645 nm, exhibiting 43% optical efficiency and 54% incident slope efficiency and emitting 7-W average power when repetitively Q switched at 10 kHz. To our knowledge, this is the best performance (conversion efficiency and average power) obtained from a bulk solid-state Q-switched erbium laser. At a 1.1-kHz pulse repetition frequency the laser produces 3.4-mJ pulses with a corresponding peak power of 162 kW. Frequency doubling to produce 822.5-nm, 4.7-kW pulses at 10 kHz was performed to demonstrate the laser's utility.

  15. ER@CEBAF: Modeling code developments

    SciTech Connect

    Meot, F.; Roblin, Y.

    2016-04-13

    A proposal for a multiple-pass, high energy, energy-recovery experiment using CEBAF is under preparation in the frame of a JLab-BNL collaboration. In view of beam dynamics investigations regarding this project, in addition to the existing model in use in Elegant a version of CEBAF is developed in the stepwise ray-tracing code Zgoubi, Beyond the ER experiment, it is also planned to use the latter for the study of polarization transport in the presence of synchrotron radiation, down to Hall D line where a 12 GeV polarized beam can be delivered. This Note briefly reports on the preliminary steps, and preliminary outcomes, based on an Elegant to Zgoubi translation.

  16. Final Technical Report for Award # ER64999

    SciTech Connect

    Metcalf, William W.

    2014-10-08

    This report provides a summary of activities for Award # ER64999, a Genomes to Life Project funded by the Office of Science, Basic Energy Research. The project was entitled "Methanogenic archaea and the global carbon cycle: a systems biology approach to the study of Methanosarcina species". The long-term goal of this multi-investigator project was the creation of integrated, multiscale models that accurately and quantitatively predict the role of Methanosarcina species in the global carbon cycle under dynamic environmental conditions. To achieve these goals we pursed four specific aims: (1) genome sequencing of numerous members of the Order Methanosarcinales, (2) identification of genomic sources of phenotypic variation through in silico comparative genomics, (3) elucidation of the transcriptional networks of two Methanosarcina species, and (4) development of comprehensive metabolic network models for characterized strains to address the question of how metabolic models scale with genetic distance.

  17. Spectroscopy of the Er-doped lithium tetraborate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padlyak, B. V.; Lisiecki, R.; Ryba-Romanowski, W.

    2016-04-01

    The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), optical absorption, and luminescence (emission and excitation) spectra as well as luminescence kinetics of the Er-doped glasses with Li2B4O7 composition were investigated and analysed. The high optical quality glasses with Li2B4O7:Er composition containing 0.5 and 1.0 mol.% Er2O3 were obtained from corresponding polycrystalline compound by standard glass synthesis. The EPR spectroscopy in the 4.2-300 K temperature range and optical spectroscopy at 300 K show that the Er impurity is incorporated into the network of Li2B4O7 glass as Er3+ (4f11, 4I15/2) ions, exclusively. The local structure of the Er3+ luminescence centres in Li sites of the glass network is proposed. Based on the standard Judd-Ofelt theory the oscillator strength (Pcal) and experimental oscillator strength (Pexp) for observed absorption transitions as well as phenomenological intensity parameters (Ω2, Ω4, Ω6) for Er3+ centres in the Li2B4O7:Er glass containing 1.0 mol.% Er2O3 were calculated. Spectroscopic parameters of relevance for laser applications, including emission probabilities of transitions (Wr), branching ratios (β), and radiative lifetime (τrad) have been calculated for main observed emission transitions of the Er3+ centres in Li2B4O7:Er glasses. Experimental and calculated lifetimes were compared and quantum efficiency (η) for green (4S3/2 → 4I15/2 transition) and infrared (4I13/2 → 4I15/2 transition) emission bands has been estimated.

  18. Structure and microwave absorption properties of (Pr,Dy)Ni4Fe alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, Jilei; Pan, Shunkang; Qiao, Ziqiang

    2017-03-01

    The DyxPr1-xNi4Fe (x=0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4) alloys were synthesized by arc-smelting and high energy ball milling method. The structure, morphology, particle size and electromagnetic parameters of the powder were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), laser diffraction-based particle size analyzer and vector network analyzer (VNA), respectively. The results reveal that the DyxPr1-xNi4Fe compounds are crystallized in PrNi4Fe structure. The minimum absorption peak frequency of DyxPr1-xNi4Fe shifts towards higher frequency region upon the Fe content. The minimum reflection loss of the DyxPr1-xNi4Fe alloys increases first and then decreases with increasing Dy substitution. The Dy0.3Pr0.7Ni4Fe alloy possess the best absorbing properties: the minimum reflection loss is -31.65 dB at 15.28 GHz with the best matching thickness d =1.0 mm and the reflection loss with the thickness ranging of 1.0-4.0 mm could reach -10 dB.

  19. Non-collective high-spin states in /sup 148/Dy

    SciTech Connect

    Dines, E.L.

    1985-04-01

    General physical concepts regarding nuclear high-spin states are given. The high-spin states in /sup 148/Dy(Z = 66, N = 82) were produced via the reaction /sup 112/Cd(Pb-backed)(/sup 40/Ar,4n) at E/sub lab/ = 175, at the 88-inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Methods for placing gates on various transitions above and below the 480 nsec isomer at 10/sup +/(known from previous work), as well as for calculating transition intensities and their associated errors, are given. Calculations of angular correlations for multiple ..gamma..-ray cascades, assuming non-zero-width distributions in m-states for some given spin state, were done and compared to experimental values. Analysis of RF - Ge and Ge - Ge TAC spectra for transitions above the 480 nsec isomer implied lifetimes of less than or equal to 5 nsec (except for the 327.2 keV transition). Using such analysis, some 19 new ..gamma..-ray transitions were discovered above the isomer, thereby extending the /sup 148/Dy level scheme up to spin I = 31 h-bar. Assignments of spins and parities for the new levels are made based on information obtained from angular correlations and the lifetime limits. Previous work on the 11 transitions below the 480 nsec isomer is confirmed.

  20. Observation of γ vibrations and alignments built on non-ground-state configurations in 156Dy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majola, S. N. T.; Hartley, D. J.; Riedinger, L. L.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Allmond, J. M.; Beausang, C.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Cooper, N.; Curien, D.; Gall, B. J. P.; Garrett, P. E.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Kondev, F. G.; Kulp, W. D.; Lauritsen, T.; McCutchan, E. A.; Miller, D.; Piot, J.; Redon, N.; Riley, M. A.; Simpson, J.; Stefanescu, I.; Werner, V.; Wang, X.; Wood, J. L.; Yu, C.-H.; Zhu, S.

    2015-03-01

    The exact nature of the lowest Kπ=2+ rotational bands in all deformed nuclei remains obscure. Traditionally they are assumed to be collective vibrations of the nuclear shape in the γ degree of freedom perpendicular to the nuclear symmetry axis. Very few such γ bands have been traced past the usual backbending rotational alignments of high-j nucleons. We have investigated the structure of positive-parity bands in the N =90 nucleus 156Dy , using the 148Nd(12C,4 n ) 156Dy reaction at 65 MeV, observing the resulting γ-ray transitions with the Gammasphere array. The even- and odd-spin members of the Kπ=2+ γ band are observed up to 32+ and 31+, respectively. This rotational band faithfully tracks the ground-state configuration to the highest spins. The members of a possible γ vibration built on the aligned yrast S band are observed up to spins 28+ and 27+. An even-spin positive-parity band, observed up to spin 24+, is a candidate for an aligned S band built on the seniority-zero configuration of the 02+ state at 676 keV. The crossing of this band with the 02+ band is at ℏ ωc=0.28 (1 ) MeV and is consistent with the configuration of the 02+ band not producing any blocking of the monopole pairing.

  1. Continuous Magnetoelectric Control in Multiferroic DyMnO3 Films with Twin-like Domains.

    PubMed

    Lu, Chengliang; Deniz, Hakan; Li, Xiang; Liu, Jun-Ming; Cheong, Sang-Wook

    2016-02-02

    The magnetic control of ferroelectric polarization is currently a central topic in the multiferroic researches, owing to the related gigantic magnetoelectric coupling and fascinating physics. Although a bunch of novel magnetoelectric effect have been discovered in multiferroics of magnetic origin, the manipulation of polarization was found to be fundamentally determined by the microscopic origin in a certain multiferroic phase, hindering the development of unusual magnetoelectric control. Here, we report emergent magnetoelectric control in DyMnO3/Nb:SrTiO3 (001) films showing twin-like domain structure. Our results demonstrate interesting magnetically induced partial switch of polarization due to the coexistence of polarizations along both the a-axis and c-axis enabled by the twin-like domain structure in DyMnO3 films, despite the polarization-switch was conventionally believed to be a one-step event in the bulk counterpart. Moreover, a continuous and periodic control of macroscopic polarization by an in-plane rotating magnetic field is evidenced in the thin films. This distinctive magnetic manipulation of polarization is the consequence of the cooperative action of the twin-like domains and the dual magnetic origin of polarization, which promises additional applications using the magnetic control of ferroelectricity.

  2. Emergent order in the kagome Ising magnet Dy3Mg2Sb3O14

    PubMed Central

    Paddison, Joseph A. M.; Ong, Harapan S.; Hamp, James O.; Mukherjee, Paromita; Bai, Xiaojian; Tucker, Matthew G.; Butch, Nicholas P.; Castelnovo, Claudio; Mourigal, Martin; Dutton, S. E.

    2016-01-01

    The Ising model—in which degrees of freedom (spins) are binary valued (up/down)—is a cornerstone of statistical physics that shows rich behaviour when spins occupy a highly frustrated lattice such as kagome. Here we show that the layered Ising magnet Dy3Mg2Sb3O14 hosts an emergent order predicted theoretically for individual kagome layers of in-plane Ising spins. Neutron-scattering and bulk thermomagnetic measurements reveal a phase transition at ∼0.3 K from a disordered spin-ice-like regime to an emergent charge ordered state, in which emergent magnetic charge degrees of freedom exhibit three-dimensional order while spins remain partially disordered. Monte Carlo simulations show that an interplay of inter-layer interactions, spin canting and chemical disorder stabilizes this state. Our results establish Dy3Mg2Sb3O14 as a tuneable system to study interacting emergent charges arising from kagome Ising frustration. PMID:27996012

  3. Emergent order in the kagome Ising magnet Dy3Mg2Sb3O14.

    PubMed

    Paddison, Joseph A M; Ong, Harapan S; Hamp, James O; Mukherjee, Paromita; Bai, Xiaojian; Tucker, Matthew G; Butch, Nicholas P; Castelnovo, Claudio; Mourigal, Martin; Dutton, S E

    2016-12-20

    The Ising model-in which degrees of freedom (spins) are binary valued (up/down)-is a cornerstone of statistical physics that shows rich behaviour when spins occupy a highly frustrated lattice such as kagome. Here we show that the layered Ising magnet Dy3Mg2Sb3O14 hosts an emergent order predicted theoretically for individual kagome layers of in-plane Ising spins. Neutron-scattering and bulk thermomagnetic measurements reveal a phase transition at ∼0.3 K from a disordered spin-ice-like regime to an emergent charge ordered state, in which emergent magnetic charge degrees of freedom exhibit three-dimensional order while spins remain partially disordered. Monte Carlo simulations show that an interplay of inter-layer interactions, spin canting and chemical disorder stabilizes this state. Our results establish Dy3Mg2Sb3O14 as a tuneable system to study interacting emergent charges arising from kagome Ising frustration.

  4. Structural and Optical Studies on Dy{sup 3+} Doped Boro-Tellurite Glasses

    SciTech Connect

    Maheshvaran, K.; Marimuthu, K.

    2011-07-15

    Dy{sup 3+} doped Boro-tellurite glasses were prepared by following melt quenching technique with the chemical composition (69-x)H{sub 3}BO{sub 3}+xTeO{sub 2}+15Mg{sub 2}CO{sub 3}+15K{sub 2}CO{sub 3}+1Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} by varying the tellurium dioxide content as (x = 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 wt%). The structural and optical properties have been studied through FTIR, absorption and emission spectra. The UV-vis-NIR absorption spectra were used to calculate the oscillator strength, bonding parameters ({beta}-bar and {delta}), Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters ({Omega}{sub {lambda}}, {lambda} = 2, 4 and 6). The Y/B ratio has been discussed from the luminescence spectra for the excited states corresponding to {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 11/2}, {sup 6}H{sub 13/2}, and {sup 6}H{sub 15/2} transitions. The structural and optical properties corresponding to the compositional changes are discussed and reported.

  5. Effect of samarium on the temperature induction coefficient of Nd-Dy-Fe-Co-B materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kablov, E. N.; Piskorskii, V. P.; Valeev, R. A.

    2014-03-01

    Sintered (Nd1 - x - z Dy x Sm2)-(Fe1 - y Co y )-B (atomic fractions x = 0.27, 0.32, 0.39; y = 0.17, 0.23, 0.28; and z = 0.04-0.18) materials have been studied. It is shown that the magnetic moments of samarium ions and the iron-cobalt sublattice are ordered antiferromagnetically and, as the samarium content increases, the content of dysprosium and samarium in the basic A magnetic phase decreases and increases, respectively. As the samarium content ( z) in sintered magnets (Nd0.61 - z Dy0.39Sm z )17.5(Fe0.72Co0.28)76.3B6.2 increases, the thermal induction coefficient is found to decrease monotonically from 0.021 to 0.006%/°C, i.e., by 3.5 times. In this case, residual inductance B r is unchanged (0.8 T).

  6. Transparent ferromagnetic and semiconducting behavior in Fe-Dy-Tb based amorphous oxide films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taz, H.; Sakthivel, T.; Yamoah, N. K.; Carr, C.; Kumar, D.; Seal, S.; Kalyanaraman, R.

    2016-06-01

    We report a class of amorphous thin film material comprising of transition (Fe) and Lanthanide metals (Dy and Tb) that show unique combination of functional properties. Films were deposited with different atomic weight ratio (R) of Fe to Lanthanide (Dy + Tb) using electron beam co-evaporation at room temperature. The films were found to be amorphous, with grazing incidence x-ray diffraction and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies indicating that the films were largely oxidized with a majority of the metal being in higher oxidation states. Films with R = 0.6 were semiconducting with visible light transmission due to a direct optical band-gap (2.49 eV), had low resistivity and sheet resistance (7.15 × 10‑4 Ω-cm and ~200 Ω/sq respectively), and showed room temperature ferromagnetism. A metal to semiconductor transition with composition (for R < 11.9) also correlated well with the absence of any metallic Fe0 oxidation state in the R = 0.6 case as well as a significantly higher fraction of oxidized Dy. The combination of amorphous microstructure and room temperature electronic and magnetic properties could lead to the use of the material in multiple applications, including as a transparent conductor, active material in thin film transistors for display devices, and in spin-dependent electronics.

  7. A ferrous oxalate mediated photo-Fenton system: toward an increased biodegradability of indigo dyed wastewaters.

    PubMed

    Vedrenne, Michel; Vasquez-Medrano, Ruben; Prato-Garcia, Dorian; Frontana-Uribe, Bernardo A; Hernandez-Esparza, Margarita; de Andrés, Juan Manuel

    2012-12-01

    This study assessed the applicability of a ferrous oxalate mediated photo-Fenton pretreatment for indigo-dyed wastewaters as to produce a biodegradable enough effluent, likely of being derived to conventional biological processes. The photochemical treatment was performed with ferrous oxalate and hydrogen peroxide in a Compound Parabolic Concentrator (CPC) under batch operation conditions. The reaction was studied at natural pH conditions (5-6) with indigo concentrations in the range of 6.67-33.33 mg L(-1), using a fixed oxalate-to-iron mass ratio (C(2)O(4)(2-)/Fe(2+)=35) and assessing the system's biodegradability at low (257 mg L(-1)) and high (1280 mg L(-1)) H(2)O(2) concentrations. In order to seek the optimal conditions for the treatment of indigo dyed wastewaters, an experimental design consisting in a statistical surface response approach was carried out. This analysis revealed that the best removal efficiencies for Total Organic Carbon (TOC) were obtained for low peroxide doses. In general it was observed that after 20 kJ L(-1), almost every treated effluent increased its biodegradability from a BOD(5)/COD value of 0.4. This increase in the biodegradability was confirmed by the presence of short chain carboxylic acids as intermediate products and by the mineralization of organic nitrogen into nitrate. Finally, an overall decrease in the LC(50) for Artemia salina indicated a successful detoxification of the effluent.

  8. Continuous Magnetoelectric Control in Multiferroic DyMnO3 Films with Twin-like Domains

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Chengliang; Deniz, Hakan; Li, Xiang; Liu, Jun-Ming; Cheong, Sang-Wook

    2016-01-01

    The magnetic control of ferroelectric polarization is currently a central topic in the multiferroic researches, owing to the related gigantic magnetoelectric coupling and fascinating physics. Although a bunch of novel magnetoelectric effect have been discovered in multiferroics of magnetic origin, the manipulation of polarization was found to be fundamentally determined by the microscopic origin in a certain multiferroic phase, hindering the development of unusual magnetoelectric control. Here, we report emergent magnetoelectric control in DyMnO3/Nb:SrTiO3 (001) films showing twin-like domain structure. Our results demonstrate interesting magnetically induced partial switch of polarization due to the coexistence of polarizations along both the a-axis and c-axis enabled by the twin-like domain structure in DyMnO3 films, despite the polarization-switch was conventionally believed to be a one-step event in the bulk counterpart. Moreover, a continuous and periodic control of macroscopic polarization by an in-plane rotating magnetic field is evidenced in the thin films. This distinctive magnetic manipulation of polarization is the consequence of the cooperative action of the twin-like domains and the dual magnetic origin of polarization, which promises additional applications using the magnetic control of ferroelectricity. PMID:26829899

  9. Transparent ferromagnetic and semiconducting behavior in Fe-Dy-Tb based amorphous oxide films

    PubMed Central

    Taz, H.; Sakthivel, T.; Yamoah, N. K.; Carr, C.; Kumar, D.; Seal, S.; Kalyanaraman, R.

    2016-01-01

    We report a class of amorphous thin film material comprising of transition (Fe) and Lanthanide metals (Dy and Tb) that show unique combination of functional properties. Films were deposited with different atomic weight ratio (R) of Fe to Lanthanide (Dy + Tb) using electron beam co-evaporation at room temperature. The films were found to be amorphous, with grazing incidence x-ray diffraction and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies indicating that the films were largely oxidized with a majority of the metal being in higher oxidation states. Films with R = 0.6 were semiconducting with visible light transmission due to a direct optical band-gap (2.49 eV), had low resistivity and sheet resistance (7.15 × 10−4 Ω-cm and ~200 Ω/sq respectively), and showed room temperature ferromagnetism. A metal to semiconductor transition with composition (for R < 11.9) also correlated well with the absence of any metallic Fe0 oxidation state in the R = 0.6 case as well as a significantly higher fraction of oxidized Dy. The combination of amorphous microstructure and room temperature electronic and magnetic properties could lead to the use of the material in multiple applications, including as a transparent conductor, active material in thin film transistors for display devices, and in spin-dependent electronics. PMID:27298196

  10. Supernova 2013dy in NGC 7250 (Lacerta) = PSN J22181760+4034096

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waagen, Elizabeth O.

    2013-07-01

    Announcement of independent discovery of Supernova 2013dy in NGC 7250 = PSN J22181760+4034096, a magnitude-17 (unfiltered CCD) Type-Ia supernova that has brightened to 13.5 (visual). Information based on IAU CBAT CBET 3588 (D. W. E. Green, ed.) and observations submitted to the AAVSO. Discovery details: discovered by Lick Observatory Supernova Search (LOSS), reported by C. Casper et al., 2013 July 10.45 UT, 17.0 U; discovered by Kuniaki Goto (Miyoshi-shi, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan), communicated by S. Itoh, 2013 July 11.735 UT, ~16 U. Coordinates (2000.0) R.A. = 22 18 17.60, Decl.= +40 34 09.6, SN offset 2.1" west, 24.9" north from the nucleus of NGC 7250. Spectroscopy indicating Type-Ia SN one to two weeks before maximum from three sources: D. D. Balam et al. on Jul 13.31 UT; J.-J. Zhang et al. on Jul 14.75 UT; and W. Zheng et al. on Jul 11.7. Visual and photometric observations requested; data submission to the AAVSO International Database using name SN 2013dy requested. Finder charts with sequence may be created using the AAVSO Variable Star Plotter (http://www.aavso.org/vsp). See full Alert Notice for more details.

  11. Multichannel transition emissions of Dy{sup 3+} in fiber-adaptive germanium tellurite glasses

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Y. H.; Chen, B. J.; Lin, H.; Pun, E. Y. B.

    2013-03-28

    Multichannel transition visible and near-infrared (NIR) fluorescences have been captured in Dy{sup 3+}-doped fiber-adaptive Na{sub 2}O-ZnO-PbO-GeO{sub 2}-TeO{sub 2} glasses. The maximum stimulated emission cross-sections {sigma}{sub em-max} were derived to be 0.33 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -21}, 3.66 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -21}, and 0.67 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -21} cm{sup 2} for conventional visible emissions assigned to {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub J} (J = 15/2, 13/2, and 11/2) transitions, respectively. Infrequent multi-peak NIR emissions were recorded in the spectral range of 900-1500 nm, among which the values of {sigma}{sub em-max} were solved to be 1.05 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -22} and 1.56 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -22} cm{sup 2} for {approx}1.02 and {approx}1.18 {mu}m emission bands. Internal quantum efficiency for the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} level and external quantum yield for visible emissions of Dy{sup 3+} were determined to be 88.44% and 12.38%, severally. Effective multichannel radiative emissions reveal a potential in developing fiber-lighting sources, tunable lasers, and NIR optical amplifiers.

  12. Synthesis and photoluminescent characteristics of Dy3+ doped Gd2O3 phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeena, T. R.; Ezhil Raj, A. Moses; Bououdina, M.

    2017-02-01

    Pure and dysprosium doped gadolinium oxide nanoparticles for three different concentrations (2, 5 and 10 mol.%) were synthesized by auto-combustion method using citric acid as fuel. The nanoparticles obtained were characterized using powder x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–vis–NIR spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy techniques. XRD pattern revealed the crystalline cubic phase with space group Ia3 (Space Group: 206) for both the pure and doped Gd2O3 nanoparticles. The metal oxide phase formation and purity of Gd2O3 nanoparticles were further confirmed from the FTIR spectra. Morphology of the pure Gd2O3 powder is loosely dispersed clusters of tiny particles with microscopic pores, whereas for the doped samples aggregates were broken to form small clusters. Optical absorption measurements were recorded in the UV–vis–NIR wavelength region and the optical band gap variations with dopant concentration were discussed. The PL spectra of pure and Dy3+ doped Gd2O3 nanoparticles have been studied and the effect of emitted light on the yellow-to-blue intensity ratio (Y/B) of Dy3+ emission was demonstrated.

  13. Enzymatic deacetylation of chitin by extracellular chitin deacetylase from a newly screened Mortierella sp. DY-52.

    PubMed

    Kim, Young-Ju; Zhao, Yong; Oh, Kyung-Taek; Nguyen, Van-Nam; Park, Ro-Dong

    2008-04-01

    Among more than a hundred colonies of fungi isolated from soil samples, DY-52 has been screened as an extracellular chitin deacetylase (CDA) producer. The isolate was further identified as Mortierella sp., based on the morphological properties and the nucleotide sequence of its 18S rRNA gene. The fungus exhibited maximal growth in yeast peptone glucose (YPD) liquid medium containing 2% of glucose at pH 5.0 and 28 degrees C with 150 rpm. The CDA activity of DY-52 was maximal (20 U/mg) on the 3rd day of culture in the same medium. The CDA was inducible by addition of glucose and chitin. The enzyme contained two isoforms of molecular mass 50 kDa and 59 kDa. This enzyme showed a maximal activity at pH 5.5 and 60 degrees C. In addition, it had a pH stability range of 4.5-8.0 and a temperature stability range of 4-40 degrees C. The enzyme was enhanced in the presence of Co2+ and Ca2+. Among various substrates tested, WSCT-50 (water-soluble chitin, degree of deacetylation 50%), glycol chitin, and crab chitosan (DD 71-88%) were deacetylated. Moreover, the CDA can handle N-acetylglucosamine oligomers (GlcNAc)2-7.

  14. Apoptosis/Necrosis Induction by Ultraviolet, in ER Positive and ER Negative Breast Cancer Cell Lines

    PubMed Central

    Shokrollahi Barough, Mahdieh; Hasanzadeh, Hadi; Barati, Mehdi; Pak, Fatemeh; Kokhaei, Parviz; Rezaei-Tavirani, Mostafa

    2015-01-01

    Background: Ultraviolet (UV) light exposure has been one of the major inducers of apoptosis. UV exposure has caused pyrimidine dimers and DNA fragmentation which might lead to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis signals activation. UV induced apoptosis has investigated in MDA-MB 468 as an ER negative breast adenocarcinoma and MCF-7 as an ER positive breast cancer cell line. Apoptosis induction rate by UV might be different in these two types of cells due to different biological characteristics of the cell. Objectives: In this paper we have evaluated serial dose of UV-B exposure on ER positive and ER negative breast cancer cell lines and its effect on apoptosis or necrosis induction in these cells. Materials and Methods: MDA-MB468 and MCF-7 cell lines have cultured for 24 hours and UV exposure has carried out at 290 nm at dose of 154 J/m2 to 18 KJ/m2 using UV lamp. UV exposed cells have incubated in cell culture condition for 24 or 48 hours following UV exposure and the cells have stained and analyzed by flow cytometry for apoptosis evaluation by Annexin V/PI method. Results: Apoptosis rate (PI and Annexin V double positive cells) after 24 hours incubation was higher in 24 hours in comparison with 48 hours incubation in both cell lines. The frequency of PI positive MDA-MB 468 cells was higher than PI and Annexin V double positive cells after 48 hours. PI positive MDA-MB 468 cells were significantly higher than MCF-7 cells in 24 hours incubation time. Conclusions: The results have shown that MDA-MB 468 cells were more sensitive to UV exposure and DNA fragmentation and necrosis pathway was dominant in these cells. PMID:26855725

  15. The Electrocardiogram of an ER Patient With Chest Pain

    PubMed Central

    Panneerselvam, Arunkumar; Ananthakrishna, Rajiv; Bhat, Prabhavathi; Nanjappa, Manjunath C

    2011-01-01

    The electrocardiogram (ECG) is an essential investigation in the evaluation of chest pain in the emergency room (ER). Correct interpretation of the ECG findings, determines the diagnosis and management strategy. This ECG spot diagnosis will improve the skills of the residents and physicians working in ER.

  16. CW YVO4:Er Laser with Resonant Pumping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorbachenya, K. N.; Kisel, V. E.; Yasukevich, A. S.; Matrosov, V. N.; Tolstik, N. A.; Kuleshov, N. V.

    2015-05-01

    The lasing characteristics of a YVO4:Er laser with resonant pumping in the 1.5-1.6 μm range are studied. Lasing is obtained at λ = 1603 nm with a differential efficiency of up to 61%. YVO4:Er crystals are found to offer promise for use in efficient resonantly (in-band) pumped lasers.

  17. Reaction Diffusion Modeling of Calcium Dynamics with Realistic ER Geometry

    PubMed Central

    Means, Shawn; Smith, Alexander J.; Shepherd, Jason; Shadid, John; Fowler, John; Wojcikiewicz, Richard J. H.; Mazel, Tomas; Smith, Gregory D.; Wilson, Bridget S.

    2006-01-01

    We describe a finite-element model of mast cell calcium dynamics that incorporates the endoplasmic reticulum's complex geometry. The model is built upon a three-dimensional reconstruction of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) from an electron tomographic tilt series. Tetrahedral meshes provide volumetric representations of the ER lumen, ER membrane, cytoplasm, and plasma membrane. The reaction-diffusion model simultaneously tracks changes in cytoplasmic and ER intraluminal calcium concentrations and includes luminal and cytoplasmic protein buffers. Transport fluxes via PMCA, SERCA, ER leakage, and Type II IP3 receptors are also represented. Unique features of the model include stochastic behavior of IP3 receptor calcium channels and comparisons of channel open times when diffusely distributed or aggregated in clusters on the ER surface. Simulations show that IP3R channels in close proximity modulate activity of their neighbors through local Ca2+ feedback effects. Cytoplasmic calcium levels rise higher, and ER luminal calcium concentrations drop lower, after IP3-mediated release from receptors in the diffuse configuration. Simulation results also suggest that the buffering capacity of the ER, and not restricted diffusion, is the predominant factor influencing average luminal calcium concentrations. PMID:16617072

  18. Smart structures for shock wave attenuation using ER inserts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jaehwan; Kim, Jung-Yup; Choi, Seung-Bok; Kim, Kyung-Su

    2001-08-01

    This Paper demonstrates the possibility of shock wave attenuation propagating through a smart structure that incorporates ER insert. The wave transmission of ER inserted beam is theoretically derived using Mead & Markus model and the theoretical results are compared with the finite element analysis results. To experimentally verify the shock wave attenuation, ER insert in an aluminum plate is made and two piezoceramic disks are used as transmitter and receiver of the wave. The transmitter sends a sine pulse signal such that a component of shock wave travels through the plate structure and the receiver gets the transmitted wave signal. Wave propagation of the ER insert can be adjusted by changing the applied electric field on the ER insert. Details of the experiment are addressed and the possibility of shock wave attenuation is experimentally verified. This kind of smart structure can be used for warship and submarine hull structures to protect fragile and important equipment.

  19. Enhance the Er3+ Upconversion Luminescence by Constructing NaGdF4:Er3+@NaGdF4:Er3+ Active-Core/Active-Shell Nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Xiaoyu; Wang, Xiangfu; Meng, Lan; Bu, Yanyan; Yan, Xiaohong

    2017-03-01

    NaGdF4:12%Er3+@NaGdF4: x%Er3+ ( x = 0, 6, 8, 10, and 12) active-core/active-shell nanoparticles (NPs) were peculiarly synthesized via a delayed nucleation pathway with procedures. The phase, shape, and size of the resulting core-shell NPs are confirmed by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Coated with a NaGdF4:10%Er3+ active shell around the NaGdF4:12%Er3+ core NPs, a maximum luminescent enhancement of about 336 times higher than the NaGdF4:12%Er3+ core-only NPs was observed under the 1540 nm excitation. The intensity ratio of green to red was adjusted through the construction of the core-shell structure and the change of Er3+ concentration in the shell. By analyzing the lifetimes of emission bands and exploring the energy transition mechanism, the giant luminescence enhancement is mainly attributed to the significant increase in the near-infrared absorption at 1540 nm and efficient energy migration from the shell to core.

  20. Enhance the Er(3+) Upconversion Luminescence by Constructing NaGdF4:Er(3+)@NaGdF4:Er(3+) Active-Core/Active-Shell Nanocrystals.

    PubMed

    Du, Xiaoyu; Wang, Xiangfu; Meng, Lan; Bu, Yanyan; Yan, Xiaohong

    2017-12-01

    NaGdF4:12%Er(3+)@NaGdF4:x%Er(3+) (x = 0, 6, 8, 10, and 12) active-core/active-shell nanoparticles (NPs) were peculiarly synthesized via a delayed nucleation pathway with procedures. The phase, shape, and size of the resulting core-shell NPs are confirmed by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Coated with a NaGdF4:10%Er(3+) active shell around the NaGdF4:12%Er(3+) core NPs, a maximum luminescent enhancement of about 336 times higher than the NaGdF4:12%Er(3+) core-only NPs was observed under the 1540 nm excitation. The intensity ratio of green to red was adjusted through the construction of the core-shell structure and the change of Er(3+) concentration in the shell. By analyzing the lifetimes of emission bands and exploring the energy transition mechanism, the giant luminescence enhancement is mainly attributed to the significant increase in the near-infrared absorption at 1540 nm and efficient energy migration from the shell to core.

  1. White light generation in Tb3+/Eu3+/Dy3+ triply-doped Zn(PO3)2 glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meza-Rocha, A. N.; Lozada-Morales, R.; Speghini, A.; Bettinelli, M.; Caldiño, U.

    2016-01-01

    A spectroscopic investigation of Tb3+/Eu3+/Dy3+ triply-doped Zn(PO3)2 glass focused on generation of white light is performed through photoluminescence spectra and decay time measurements. The white light emission obtained in the glass phosphor shows excitation wavelength dependent tunable tonality: neutral white (0.385, 0.441) of 4250 K and warm white (0.417, 0.412) of 3429 K, upon 445 and 322 nm excitations, respectively. A quantum yield of 26.1 ± 1.2% is attained upon Dy3+ excitation at 445 nm. The white luminescence is due mainly to terbium 5D4 → 7F5, dysprosium 4F9/2 → 6H15/2,13/2 and europium 5D0 → 7F2 transitions. It is demonstrated that non-radiative energy transfers Dy3+ to Tb3+ and Eu3+, and Tb3+ to Eu3+, take place in the glass phosphor excited at 445 or 322 nm. Tb3+/Eu3+/Dy3+ triply-doped Zn(PO3)2 glass, excited by AlGaN (322 nm) or InGaN (445 nm) LEDs, could then be appropriated for solid state lighting technology as neutral or warm white light phosphors.

  2. Enhanced magnetoelastic effect in Laves (Tb,Dy)Fe2 alloys with the joint introduction of Pr and Nd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, X. H.; Liu, J. J.; Wei, S. H.; Zhu, X. Y.; Li, F.; Zhang, Z. R.; Si, P. Z.; Ren, W. J.

    2016-06-01

    The structural and magnetoelastic properties of (Tb0.3Dy0.7)1-x(Pr0.5Nd0.5)xFe1.93 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.20) polycrystalline alloys have been investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), a vibrating sample magnetometer and a standard strain gauge technique. A single (Tb,Dy,Pr,Nd)Fe2 Laves phase with a cubic MgCu2-type structure is formed when x ≤ 0.12, while a small amount of impurities appear when x ≥ 0.15. The easy magnetization direction at room temperature is detected toward <111> axis. The analysis of XRD, magnetization and magnetostriction shows that the Pr and Nd elements joint introduction into (Tb,Dy)Fe2 system can reduce the magnetocrystalline anisotropy and improve the magnetoelastic properties. The (Tb0.3Dy0.7)0.88(Pr0.5Nd0.5)0.12Fe1.93 alloy exhibits a high low-field magnetostriction λ a (~314 ppm/1 kOe), a large spontaneous magnetostriction coefficient λ 111 (~1710 ppm), a giant saturation magnetostriction λ S (~1060 ppm) and the low magnetocrystalline anisotropy at room temperature, and may make it a promising candidate for magnetostriction applications.

  3. Two-photon absorption-induced photoacoustic imaging of Rhodamine B dyed polyethylene spheres using a femtosecond laser.

    PubMed

    Langer, Gregor; Bouchal, Klaus-Dieter; Grün, Hubert; Burgholzer, Peter; Berer, Thomas

    2013-09-23

    In the present paper we demonstrate the possibility to image dyed solids, i.e. Rhodamine B dyed polyethylene spheres, by means of two-photon absorption-induced photoacoustic scanning microscopy. A two-photon luminescence image is recorded simultaneously with the photoacoustic image and we show that location and size of the photoacoustic and luminescence image match. In the experiments photoacoustic signals and luminescence signals are generated by pulses from a femtosecond laser. Photoacoustic signals are acquired with a hydrophone; luminescence signals with a spectrometer or an avalanche photo diode. In addition we derive the expected dependencies between excitation intensity and photoacoustic signal for single-photon absorption, two-photon absorption and for the combination of both. In order to verify our setup and evaluation method the theoretical predictions are compared with experimental results for liquid and solid specimens, i.e. a carbon fiber, Rhodamine B solution, silicon, and Rhodamine B dyed microspheres. The results suggest that the photoacoustic signals from the Rhodamine B dyed microspheres do indeed stem from two-photon absorption.

  4. Relieving geometrical frustration through doping in the Dy1-x Ca x BaCo4O7 swedenborgites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nath Panja, Soumendra; Kumar, Jitender; Dengre, Shanu; Nair, Sunil

    2016-12-01

    The geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet DyBaCo4O7 is investigated through a combination of x-ray diffraction, magnetization and dielectric measurements. Systematic doping in the series Dy1-x Ca x BaCo4O7 causes a lifting of the geometrical frustration resulting in a structural transition from a trigonal P31c to an orthorhombic Pbn2 1 symmetry at x  =  0.4. This structural transition can also be accessed as a function of temperature, and all our orthorhombic specimens exhibit this transition at elevated temperatures. The temperature at which this structural transition occurs is observed to scale linearly with the mean ionic radius of the R site ion. However, CaBaCo4O7 which has an equal number of Co2+ and Co3+ ions clearly violates this quasilinear relationship, indicating that charge ordering could also play a critical role in stabilizing the orthorhombic distortion in this system. Using thermoremanent magnetization measurements to circumvent the problem of the large paramagnetic background arising from Dy3+ ions, we chart out the phase diagram of the Dy1-x Ca x BaCo4O7 series.

  5. Adult Dyslexia and Attention Deficit Disorder in Finland--Project DyAdd: WAIS-III Cognitive Profiles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laasonen, Marja; Leppamaki, Sami; Tani, Pekka; Hokkanen, Laura

    2009-01-01

    The project Adult Dyslexia and Attention Deficit Disorder in Finland (Project DyAdd) compares adults (n = 119, 18-55 years) with dyslexia, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyslexia together with ADHD (comorbid), and healthy controls with neuropsychological, psychophysical, and biological methods. The focus of this article is on the…

  6. Development of a Simple Field Test for Vehicle Exhaust to Detect Illicit Use of Dyed Diesel Fuel

    SciTech Connect

    Harvey, Scott D.; Wright, Bob W.

    2011-10-30

    The use of tax-free dyed fuel on public highways in the United States provides a convenient way of evading taxes. Current enforcement involves visual inspection for the red azo dye added to the fuel to designate its tax-free status. This approach has shortcomings such as the invasive nature of the tests and/or various deceptive tactics applied by tax evaders. A test designed to detect dyed fuel use by analyzing the exhaust would circumvent these shortcomings. This paper describes the development of a simple color spot test designed to detect the use of tax-free (dyed) diesel fuel by analyzing the engine exhaust. Development first investigated the combustion products of C.I. Solvent Red 164 (the azo dye formulation used in the United States to tag tax-free fuel). A variety of aryl amines were identified as characteristic molecular remnants that appear to survive combustion. A number of microanalytical color tests specific for aryl amines were then investigated. One test based on the use of 4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde seemed particularly applicable and was used in a proof-of-principle experiment. The 4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde color spot test was able to clearly distinguish between engines burning regular and dyed diesel fuel. Further development will refine this color spot test to provide an easy-to-use field test for Internal Revenue Service Field Compliance specialists.

  7. Synthesis and thermoluminescence characterizations of Sr2B5O9Cl:Dy3+ phosphor for TL dosimetry.

    PubMed

    Oza, Abha H; Dhoble, N S; Park, K; Dhoble, S J

    2015-09-01

    The photoluminescence (PL) and thermoluminescence (TL) displayed by Dy-activated strontium haloborate (Sr2 B5 O9 Cl) were studied. A modified solid-state reaction was employed for the preparation of the phosphor. Photoluminescence spectra showed blue (484 nm) and yellow (575 nm) emissions due to incorporation of Dy(3+) into host matrix. The Dy-doped (0.5 mol%) Sr2 B5 O9 Cl was studied after exposure to γ-irradiation and revealed a prominent glow curve at 261°C with a small hump around 143°C indicating that two types of traps were generated. The glow peak at the higher temperature side (261°C) was more stable than the lower temperature glow peak. The TL intensity was 1.17 times less than that of the standard CaSO4 :Dy thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) phosphor, the phosphor showed a linear dose-response curve for different γ-ray irradiation doses (0.002-1.25 Gy) and fading of 5-7% was observed for higher temperature peaks upon storage. Trapping parameters and their estimated error values have been calculated by Chen's peak shape method and by the initial rise method. Values of activation energies estimated by both these techniques were comparable. The slight difference in activation energy values calculated by Chen's peak shape method indicated the formation of two kinds of traps Furthermore, slight differences in frequency values are due to various escaping and retrapping probabilities.

  8. Photoluminescent properties of white-light-emitting Li6Y(BO3)3:Dy3+ phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fawad, U.; Kim, H. J.; Khan, Sajid; Khan, Matiullah; Ali, Luqman

    2016-12-01

    In this study, lithium yttrium borate (LYBO) phosphor was doped with various concentrations of trivalent dysprosium ions. To produce these phosphors, the raw materials were sintered. The phase conformation, crystallinity, grain size, and overall morphology of the synthesized phosphors were studied with X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The optimized LYBO phosphor, i.e., the LYBO phosphor that exhibited the highest X-ray- and ultraviolet (UV)-induced photoluminescent intensities, had a Dy3+ concentration of 4 mol%. Photoluminescence analysis showed that this phosphor could be easily excited with near-UV light (300-400 nm). The dominant photoluminescence bands were found in the blue (480 nm) and yellow (577 nm) regions of the visible spectrum. The light yield of the X-ray-induced luminescence of the optimized Li6Y(BO3)3:Dy3+ was found to be 66% of that of the commercially available X-ray imaging material, Gd2O2S:Tb3+ (GOS). The chromaticity coordinates of the Li6Y(BO3)3:Dy3+ phosphor were x = 0.34 and y = 0.32, which agree well with achromatic white (x = 0.33, y = 0.33). The results of this study show that the synthesized Li6Y(BO3)3:Dy3+ phosphor could be used as X-ray imaging material.

  9. Structure of Thermobifida fusca DyP-type peroxidase and activity towards Kraft lignin and lignin model compounds.

    PubMed

    Rahmanpour, Rahman; Rea, Dean; Jamshidi, Shirin; Fülöp, Vilmos; Bugg, Timothy D H

    2016-03-15

    A Dyp-type peroxidase enzyme from thermophilic cellulose degrader Thermobifida fusca (TfuDyP) was investigated for catalytic ability towards lignin oxidation. TfuDyP was characterised kinetically against a range of phenolic substrates, and a compound I reaction intermediate was observed via pre-steady state kinetic analysis at λmax 404 nm. TfuDyP showed reactivity towards Kraft lignin, and was found to oxidise a β-aryl ether lignin model compound, forming an oxidised dimer. A crystal structure of TfuDyP was determined, to 1.8 Å resolution, which was found to contain a diatomic oxygen ligand bound to the heme centre, positioned close to active site residues Asp-203 and Arg-315. The structure contains two channels providing access to the heme cofactor for organic substrates and hydrogen peroxide. Site-directed mutant D203A showed no activity towards phenolic substrates, but reduced activity towards ABTS, while mutant R315Q showed no activity towards phenolic substrates, nor ABTS.

  10. Relieving geometrical frustration through doping in the Dy1-x Ca x BaCo4O7 swedenborgites.

    PubMed

    Nath Panja, Soumendra; Kumar, Jitender; Dengre, Shanu; Nair, Sunil

    2016-12-07

    The geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet DyBaCo4O7 is investigated through a combination of x-ray diffraction, magnetization and dielectric measurements. Systematic doping in the series Dy1-x Ca x BaCo4O7 causes a lifting of the geometrical frustration resulting in a structural transition from a trigonal P31c to an orthorhombic Pbn2 1 symmetry at x  =  0.4. This structural transition can also be accessed as a function of temperature, and all our orthorhombic specimens exhibit this transition at elevated temperatures. The temperature at which this structural transition occurs is observed to scale linearly with the mean ionic radius of the R site ion. However, CaBaCo4O7 which has an equal number of Co(2+) and Co(3+) ions clearly violates this quasilinear relationship, indicating that charge ordering could also play a critical role in stabilizing the orthorhombic distortion in this system. Using thermoremanent magnetization measurements to circumvent the problem of the large paramagnetic background arising from Dy(3+) ions, we chart out the phase diagram of the Dy1-x Ca x BaCo4O7 series.

  11. Facile fabrication of Dy2Sn2O7-SnO2 nanocomposites as an effective photocatalyst for degradation and removal of organic contaminants.

    PubMed

    Zinatloo-Ajabshir, Sahar; Morassaei, Maryam Sadat; Salavati-Niasari, Masoud

    2017-07-01

    Dy2Sn2O7-SnO2 nanocomposites were synthesized through a facile way utilizing propane-1,2-diol as novel polymerization agent and trimesic acid as new stabilization agent. Effects of different polymerization agents, calcination temperature and various stabilization agents on the size and shape of the Dy2Sn2O7-SnO2 nanocomposites were investigated. It was found that changing these synthesis factors has great role in controlling size and shape of Dy2Sn2O7-SnO2 nanocomposites. The as-produced Dy2Sn2O7-SnO2 nanostructures were analyzed using FT-IR, HRTEM, DR-UV-vis, EDS, XRD, and FESEM. This is the first attempt on the investigation of photocatalytic behavior of nanostructured Dy2Sn2O7-SnO2. The influences of Dy2Sn2O7-SnO2 amount and type of illumination light on the photocatalytic behavior of the nanocrystalline Dy2Sn2O7-SnO2 were also investigated. The ability for the decomposition of the water pollutants including eosin Y, eriochrome black T, erythrosine and methyl orange were studied through photocatalytic experiments.

  12. DyP, a unique dye-decolorizing peroxidase, represents a novel heme peroxidase family: ASP171 replaces the distal histidine of classical peroxidases.

    PubMed

    Sugano, Yasushi; Muramatsu, Riichi; Ichiyanagi, Atsushi; Sato, Takao; Shoda, Makoto

    2007-12-14

    DyP, a unique dye-decolorizing enzyme from the fungus Thanatephorus cucumeris Dec 1, has been classified as a peroxidase but lacks homology to almost all other known plant peroxidases. The primary structure of DyP shows moderate sequence homology to only two known proteins: the peroxide-dependent phenol oxidase, TAP, and the hypothetical peroxidase, cpop21. Here, we show the first crystal structure of DyP and reveal that this protein has a unique tertiary structure with a distal heme region that differs from that of most other peroxidases. DyP lacks an important histidine residue known to assist in the formation of a Fe4+ oxoferryl center and a porphyrin-based cation radical intermediate (compound I) during the action of ubiquitous peroxidases. Instead, our tertiary structural and spectrophotometric analyses of DyP suggest that an aspartic acid and an arginine are involved in the formation of compound I. Sequence analysis reveals that the important aspartic acid and arginine mentioned above and histidine of the heme ligand are conserved among DyP, TAP, and cpop21, and structural and phylogenetic analyses confirmed that these three enzymes do not belong to any other families of peroxidase. These findings, which strongly suggest that DyP is a representative heme peroxidase from a novel family, should facilitate the identification of additional new family members and accelerate the classification of this novel peroxidase family.

  13. Single-phased CaAl₂Si₂O₈:Tm³⁺, Dy³⁺ white-light phosphors under ultraviolet excitation

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Penghui; Yu, Xue; Xu, Xuhui; Jiang, Tingming; Yu, Hongling; Zhou, Dacheng; Yang, Zhengwen; Song, Zhiguo; Qiu, Jianbei

    2013-06-01

    A novel white-light-emitting phosphor CaAl₂Si₂O₈:Tm, Dy was synthesized in ambient atmosphere by solid-state reaction. The energy transfer from Tm³⁺ to Dy³⁺ ions via a dipole–quadrupole reaction was observed and investigated. Upon UV excitation, white light emission was achieved by integrating a blue emission band located at 455 nm and an orange one located at 574 nm attributed to Tm³⁺ and Dy³⁺ ions, respectively. In addition, the energy-transfer efficiency and critical distance were calculated. Results suggested that the phosphor might be promising as a single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor for UV white-light LED. - Graphical abstract: The results indicate the existence of energy transfer from Tm³⁺ to Dy³⁺. By tuning the concentration of Dy³⁺, single-phased white light can be realized. Highlights: • Energy transfer from Tm³⁺ to Dy³⁺ was investigated. • Color tunable from blue to white can be achieved. • White light can be realized in CaAl₂Si₂O₈:Tm³⁺, Dy³⁺ phosphor.

  14. Fine Tuning of the Anisotropy Barrier by Ligand Substitution Observed in Linear {Dy2 Ni2 } Clusters.

    PubMed

    Li, Yan; Shang, Qiu; Zhang, Yi-Quan; Yang, En-Cui; Zhao, Xiao-Jun

    2016-12-23

    Three new heterometallic single-molecule magnets (SMMs), [Dy2 Ni2 (bipy)2 (RC6 H4 COO)10 ] [bipy=2,2'-bipyridine, R=H (1), CH3 (2), and NO2 (3)], are synthesized solvothermally with different 3-substituted benzoate ligands (RC6 H4 COO(-) ), and are characterized both structurally and magnetically. Structural analyses reveal that the three entities are structurally analogous, exhibiting an approximately linear {Dy2 Ni2 } core bridged by ten carboxylate moieties from the RC6 H4 COO(-) ligands. A noncoordinating substituent group attached on the phenyl ring results in minor geometry distortions of 1-3, but causes a significant decrease in the Mulliken atomic charge on the axially shortest O donor through inductive and/or conjugative effects. Weak intramolecular ferromagnetic (for Dy(III) ⋅⋅⋅Dy(III) ) and antiferromagnetic (for Dy(III) ⋅⋅⋅Ni(II) ) interactions with slightly different coupling strengths are observed in 1-3 at low temperatures, and the effective anisotropy barriers to block the magnetization reversal are 39.9, 25.9, and 2.8 cm(-1) , respectively, under zero direct-current field. Ab initio calculations reveal that ligand substitution by the noncoordinating electron-withdrawing/electron-donating group can give rise to good modulation of the energy gap between the two lowest Kramers doublets, as well as the orientation of the local easy axis of the Dy(III) ion magnetization. The directions of the local easy axis of the Dy(III) ion can further influence the dipole spin-spin interaction and the molecular anisotropy of the entire molecule, which, together with the energy separation between the ground and first excited ground states, become the significant factors determining the effective anisotropy barrier heights of 1-3. These important results demonstrate that the charge distributions of the ligand-field environments play essential roles in SMM performance, which should be considered seriously and utilized efficiently during the rational

  15. LIS Validation at The KSC-ER

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koshak, William J.; Krider, E. P.; Arnold, James E. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    Each year, thousands of lightning electric field disturbances are recorded and archived by the ground-based field mill (FM) network at the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and USAF Eastern Range (ER). The FM network has a range of several tens of kilometers, and a digital accuracy of 4 V/m. It has provided years of continuous lightning warning surveillance to KSC-ER space vehicle launch operations, and has undergone one major hardware upgrade since its inception in the early 1970s. Additional KSC lightning warning data is derived from a multistation radio time-of-arrival system called Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR). This system provides the location and space-time mapping of individual lightning channels (for both cloud and ground flashes). Additional lightning information for the KSC region is available from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) and a 5-station local magnetic direction finder network. In this study, all of the above mentioned data are used to ground-validate data derived from the Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) onboard the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). The FM network can be used to retrieve the charges deposited in a lightning flash, provided the flash is within a few kilometers of the FM Network. Although it is rare to obtain a TRMM overpass of thunderstorms hat occur this close to the FM network, seven such storms have been found and examined in this study. We compare the times and locations of LIS optical pulses with the spatial-temporal character of the FM, LDAR, and magnetic direction finder data. We also inter-compare LIS optical pulse amplitude data with FM-derived charge magnitudes, number of LDAR radio sources, and peak current values from magnetic direction finder data. Generally speaking, LIS lightning locations and times agree favorably with the KSC ground-based systems for most cases, but little correlation appears to exist between optical pulse amplitude and any of charge, # LDAR sources, peak current

  16. Dielectronic recombination of Er-like tungsten

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Safronova, U. I.; Safronova, A. S.

    2012-03-01

    Theoretical studies of dielectronic recombination, a very important process for both atomic and plasma physics, are carried out for low-ionized Er-like W. The dielectronic recombination (DR) of the Er-like ion W6+ proceeds via electron capture into the intermediate autoionizing states of the Tm-like ion W5+ followed by the radiative decay to singly-excited bound states. In particular, energy levels, radiative transition probabilities, and autoionization rates for [Cd]4f145p55l'nl, [Cd]4f145p56l''nl, [Cd]4f135p65l'nl, and [Cd]4f135p66l''nl (l'=d,f,g, l''=s,p,d,f,g, n=5-7) states in Tm-like tungsten (W5+) are calculated using the relativistic many-body perturbation theory and relativistic all-order single-double method as well as the Hartree-Fock-relativistic method (cowan code). Branching ratios relative to the first threshold and intensity factors are calculated for satellite lines. DR rate coefficients are determined for the singly-excited [Cd]4f145p6nl (n=5-7) and nonautoionizing doubly-excited [Cd]4f145p55d2, [Cd]4f135p65d2, [Cd]4f135p66s2, [Cd]4f135p65d6s, and [Cd]4f135p65d6p states. Also, contributions from the autoionizing doubly-excited [Cd]4f145p55l'nl, [Cd]4f145p56l''nl, [Cd]4f135p65l'nl, and [Cd]4f135p66l''nl states (with n up to 100), which are very important for calculating total DR rates, are estimated. Synthetic dielectronic satellite spectra from Tm-like W are simulated in a broad spectral range from 140 to 1200 Å. These relativistic calculations provide recommended values critically evaluated for their accuracy for a number of W5+ ion properties useful for a variety of applications, including for fusion applications.

  17. Ultraviolet upconversion fluorescence of Er3+ in Yb3+/Er3+-codoped Gd2O3 nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Kezhi; Zhao, Dan; Zhang, Daisheng; Liu, Zhenyu; Qin, Weiping

    2011-11-01

    Under 980 nm excitation, room-temperature ultraviolet (UV) upconversion (UC) emissions of Er3+ from the 4G(9/2), 2K(13/2), and 2P(3/2) states were observed in Gd2O3:Yb3+/Er3+ nanotubes, which were synthesized via a simple wet-chemical route at low temperature and ambient pressure followed by a subsequent heat treatment at 800 degrees C. The experimental results exhibited that these UV emissions came from four-photon UC processes. In the Gd2O3:Yb3+/Er3+ nanocrystals, the energy transfers (ETs) from Yb3+ to Er3+ played important roles in populating the high-energy states of Er3+ ions. This material provides a possible candidate for building UV compact solid-state lasers or fiber lasers.

  18. Host-sensitized luminescence properties in CaNb2O6:Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+)) phosphors with abundant colors.

    PubMed

    Li, Kai; Liu, Xiaoming; Zhang, Yang; Li, Xuejiao; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2015-01-05

    A series of Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+)) ion doped CaNb2O6 (CNO) phosphors have been prepared via the conventional high-temperature solid-state reaction route. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and structure refinement, diffuse reflection, photoluminescence (PL), and fluorescent decay curves were used to characterize the as-prepared samples. Under UV radiation, the CNO host present a broad emission band from about 355 to 605 nm centered around 460 nm originating from the NbO6 octahedral groups, which has spectral overlaps with the excitation of f-f transitions of Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) in CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) samples. They show both host emission and respective emission lines derived from the characteristic f-f transitions of activators, which present different emission colors owing to the energy transfer from the NbO6 group in the host to Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) with increasing activator concentrations. The decreases of decay lifetimes of host emissions in CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) demonstrate the energy transfer from the hosts to Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+). The energy transfer mechanisms in CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) phosphors have been determined to be a resonant type via dipole-dipole mechanisms. For CNO:Sm(3+), the metal-metal charge transfer transition (MMCT) might contribute to the different variations of decay lifetimes and emission intensity from CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) samples. The best quantum efficiency is 71.2% for CNO:0.01/0.02Dy(3+). The PL properties of as-prepared materials indicate the promising application in UV-pumped white-emitting lighting diodes field.

  19. Effect of co-doping Tm{sup 3+} ions on the emission properties of Dy{sup 3+} ions in tellurite glasses

    SciTech Connect

    Sasikala, T.; Rama Moorthy, L.; Mohan Babu, A.; Srinivasa Rao, T.

    2013-07-15

    The present work reports the absorption, photoluminescence and decay properties of singly doped Dy{sup 3+} and co-doped Dy{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+} ions in TeO{sub 2}+ZnO+K{sub 2}O+CaO (TZKC) glasses prepared by the melt quenching technique. The glassy nature of the host glass has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis and the primary vibrational modes were determined from the Raman spectrum. Judd–Ofelt (JO) analysis has been used to calculate the radiative transition rates, branching ratios and radiative lifetime of the emitting {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} state. The effect of co-doping of different concentrations of Tm{sup 3+} ions on the emission properties of Dy{sup 3+} ions has been investigated. The decay profiles of the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} level were fitted to double exponential as well as Inokuti–Hirayama (IH) model to determine the energy transfer rates between Dy{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+} ions. The energy transfer rates found to increase with the increase of Tm{sup 3+} ions concentration. The chromaticity coordinates and color purity of the emitted light for all glasses were determined. - Graphical abstract: The graphical abstract shows the emission spectra of Dy{sup 3+}, Tm{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+} co-doped TZKC glasses recorded by exciting at 355 nm wavelength. - Highlights: • Zinc tellurite glasses doped with Dy{sup 3+}, Tm{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+} ions were prepared. • XRD, DTA and Raman spectral measurements were recorded to know the nature of host. • Energy transfer occurs from Dy{sup 3+} ions to Tm{sup 3+} ions. • The color purity of the emitted light was determined.

  20. White light emitting LaGdSiO5:Dy3+ nanophosphors for solid state lighting applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ogugua, Simon N.; Swart, Hendrik C.; Ntwaeaborwa, Odireleng M.

    2016-01-01

    Powdered dysprosium (Dy3+) doped Lanthanum gadolinium oxyorthosilicate (LaGdSiO5) mixed phosphors were synthesized using urea-assisted solution combustion method. The X-ray diffractometer analysis showed that the samples crystalized in the pure monoclinic mixed phase of LaGdSiO5. The crystallite size and the lattice strain calculated from the X-ray diffraction peaks using Williamson-Hall equation varied from 12 nm to 16 nm and 1.6 ×10-2 to 2.43 ×10-2 respectively. The photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra recorded using 425, 454 and 475 nm excitation wavelengths exhibit characteristic similar to the YAG:Ce phosphor pumped InGaN LED system, by absorbing portion of the excitation energy and re-emitting it. The emission spectra were characterized by radiative recombination at 425, 454, 475, 485 and 575 nm depending on the excitation wavelength. These emission line are ascribed to the f→f transitions of Dy3+. The peak intensity and hence the color of the emitted visible light were dependent on the concentration of Dy3+. The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) color coordinates of (0.336, 0.313) and (0.359, 0.361) were obtained for Dy3+ molar concentration of 0.05 and 3.0 mol% when the emission was monitored using 454 nm and 475 nm respectively. The band gap measured from the reflectance curve using Tauc plot initially decreased with increasing Dy3+ concentration, but at higher concentration, it started to increase. These materials were evaluated for solid state lighting application.