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  1. Statement on Human Cloning

    MedlinePlus

    ... form Search American Association for the Advancement of Science Statement on Human Cloning Tweet The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) recognizes the intense debates within our society ...

  2. Statement on Human Cloning

    MedlinePlus

    ... form Search American Association for the Advancement of Science Statement on Human Cloning Tweet The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) recognizes the intense debates within our society ...

  3. A retrospective study of PBDEs and PCBs in human milk from the Faroe Islands

    PubMed Central

    Fängström, Britta; Strid, Anna; Grandjean, Philippe; Weihe, Pál; Bergman, Åke

    2005-01-01

    Background Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in wildlife and humans remain a cause of global concern, both in regard to traditional POPs, such as the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and emerging POPs, such as the polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). To determine the time related concentrations, we analyzed human milk for these substances at three time points between 1987 and 1999. Polychlorobiphenylols (OH-PCBs), the dominating class of PCB metabolites, some of which are known to be strongly retained in human blood, were also included in the assessment. Methods We obtained milk from the Faroe Islands, where the population is exposed to POPs from their traditional diet (which may include pilot whale blubber). In addition to three pools, nine individual samples from the last time point were also analyzed. After cleanup, partitioning of neutral and acidic compounds, and separation of chemical classes, the analyses were carried out by gas chromatography and/or gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Results Compared to other European populations, the human milk had high PCB concentrations, with pool concentrations of 2300 ng/g fat 1987, 1600 ng/g fat in 1994, and 1800 ng/g fat in 1999 (based on the sum of eleven major PCB congeners). The nine individual samples showed great variation in PCB concentrations. The OH-PCBs were present in trace amounts only, at levels of approximately 1% of the PCB concentrations. The PBDE concentrations showed a clear increase over time, and their concentrations in human milk from 1999 are among the highest reported so far from Europe, with results of individual samples ranging from 4.7 to 13 ng/g fat Conclusion Although remote from pollution sources, the Faroe Islands show high concentrations of POPs in human milk, particularly PCBs, but also PBDEs. The PBDEs show increasing concentrations over time. The OH-PCB metabolites are poorly transferred to human milk, which likely is related to their acidic character. PMID:16014177

  4. Impacts and Timing of the First Human Settlement on Vegetation of the Faroe Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hannon, Gina E.; Bradshaw, Richard H. W.

    2000-11-01

    Stratigraphically precise AMS-radiocarbon-dated plant remains, pollen, charcoal, and microtephra analyses from the Faroe Islands were used to establish the timing and effects of the first human settlement. The first occurrence of cultivated crops from three locations dated from as early as the sixth century A.D. and was older than implied from previous archaeological and historical studies, but consistent with earlier palaeoecological investigations. The effects of settlement on the vegetation were rapid and widespread. The transformation of the flora of this fragile ecosystem was best expressed by the large assemblage of ruderal, postsettlement plants recorded as macrofossils. The earliest known introduction of domestic animals (sheep/goat) was ca. A.D. 700. Their arrival on these relatively small islands probably contributed to the widespread change in vegetation and the loss of restricted native woody cover. Settlement was the critical disturbance that transformed an ecosystem that was already stressed by climatic change, as sensed by regional marine sediments. The settlement dates conform to a pattern of older dates developing from throughout the north Atlantic region.

  5. 40 CFR 156.70 - Precautionary statements for human hazards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Precautionary statements for human...) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS LABELING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Human Hazard and Precautionary Statements § 156.70 Precautionary statements for human hazards. (a) Requirement. Human hazard...

  6. 40 CFR 156.70 - Precautionary statements for human hazards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Precautionary statements for human...) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS LABELING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Human Hazard and Precautionary Statements § 156.70 Precautionary statements for human hazards. (a) Requirement. Human hazard...

  7. Autism in the Faroe Islands. An Epidemiological Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellefsen, Asa; Kampmann, Hanna; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, I. Carina; Gillberg, Christopher

    2007-01-01

    The Faroe Islands are considered to be a genetic isolate. This population study of the prevalence of autism sought to identify a representative cohort for future genetic studies. In 2002 all schools were screened for autism spectrum disorders. The target population were all children born in 1985 through 1994 and living in the Faroe Islands on…

  8. Autism in the Faroe Islands. An Epidemiological Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellefsen, Asa; Kampmann, Hanna; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, I. Carina; Gillberg, Christopher

    2007-01-01

    The Faroe Islands are considered to be a genetic isolate. This population study of the prevalence of autism sought to identify a representative cohort for future genetic studies. In 2002 all schools were screened for autism spectrum disorders. The target population were all children born in 1985 through 1994 and living in the Faroe Islands on…

  9. The AGU Position Statement, ``Human Impacts on Climate''-Rationale and Process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Geller, Marvin A.

    2004-02-01

    In December 2002, AGU Council voted to extend the lifetime of AGU's position statement, ``Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases,'' for one year until a new statement was prepared. A year later, Council voted unanimously to adopt a new statement, ``Human Impacts on Climate,'' that reflected advances in the relevant science since 1998 when the original statement was adopted (see Eos, 23 December 2003). The purposes of this article are to provide the rationale for this revision, and to explain the process for formulating and approving this new statement. Background material for this new AGU statement can be found in several sources. These include Ledley et al. [1999], IPCC [2001], NRC [2001], and CSSP [2003]. The statement itself is available at http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/policy/climate_change_position.html.

  10. The Greenland-Iceland-Faroe Ridge Complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erlendsson, Ögmundur; Hjartarson, Árni; Blischke, Anett

    2017-04-01

    The Greenland-Iceland-Faroe Ridge Complex GIFRC covers 480.000 km2 of a thick volcanic crust that stretches 1150 km across the central Northeast Atlantic Ocean between the central East Greenland and the Northwest European margins. It incorporates the Iceland plateau, the aseismic Greenland-Iceland ridge, and the Iceland-Faroe ridge. GIFRC has been in development since the opening of the NE-Atlantic around 55 Ma. It appears as a prominent feature in all geological and geophysical data sets. Synclines and anticlines in the area will be summarised and, among others, several new ones that were revealed in seismic reflection data near to Iceland. Specifically, the offshore anticlines and synclines may be related to old rift systems prior the forming of Iceland as an insular shelf region (>24 Ma). Synclines are suggested to be manifestations of former rift axes that have been abandoned by rift jumps. These rift jumps appear to be more common inside the GIFRC region than in the ocean basins south and north of the area. They can be confirmed by the observation of cumulative crustal accretion through time as well. The GIFRC represents a complex region of crustal accretion in 3 dimensions due to overlapping rift systems, complex interlinked rift and transform zones, and several unconformities that suggest a variable uplift and subsidence history for the ridge complex. An excellent example to visualise such processes of vertical crustal accretion and rift jumps is seen in seismic reflection data that extends along the southwestern slope of the Iceland-Faroe Ridge. They clearly display the internal structures of basement blocks, separated by a syncline and younger rift system, and the formation of an anticline across the deeply buried basement blocks that are overlain by seaward dipping reflectors (SDR). We suggest a major hiatus (40 Ma - 24-20 Ma) and a related unconformity at the boundary of the volcanic insular shelf edge of East Iceland and the Faroe Ridge, buried beneath

  11. Differences in the Evaluation of Generic Statements About Human and Non-Human Categories.

    PubMed

    Tasimi, Arber; Gelman, Susan A; Cimpian, Andrei; Knobe, Joshua

    2016-11-04

    Generic statements (e.g., "Birds lay eggs") express generalizations about categories. Current theories suggest that people should be especially inclined to accept generics that involve threatening information. However, previous tests of this claim have focused on generics about non-human categories, which raises the question of whether this effect applies as readily to human categories. In Experiment 1, adults were more likely to accept generics involving a threatening (vs. a non-threatening) property for artifacts, but this negativity bias did not also apply to human categories. Experiment 2 examined an alternative hypothesis for this result, and Experiments 3 and 4 served as conceptual replications of the first experiment. Experiment 5 found that even preschoolers apply generics differently for humans and artifacts. Finally, Experiment 6 showed that these effects reflect differences between human and non-human categories more generally, as adults showed a negativity bias for categories of non-human animals, but not for categories of humans. These findings suggest the presence of important, early-emerging domain differences in people's judgments about generics.

  12. FARO base case post-test analysis by COMETA code

    SciTech Connect

    Annunziato, A.; Addabbo, C.

    1995-09-01

    The paper analyzes the COMETA (Core Melt Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis) post test calculations of FARO Test L-11, the so-called Base Case Test. The FARO Facility, located at JRC Ispra, is used to simulate the consequences of Severe Accidents in Nuclear Power Plants under a variety of conditions. The COMETA Code has a 6 equations two phase flow field and a 3 phases corium field: the jet, the droplets and the fused-debris bed. The analysis shown that the code is able to pick-up all the major phenomena occurring during the fuel-coolant interaction pre-mixing phase.

  13. Direct measurement of volume flux in the Faroe-Shetland Channel and over the Iceland-Faroe Ridge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossby, T.; Flagg, C. N.

    2012-04-01

    Determining the exchange of water across the Iceland-Faroe-Scotland ridge is of fundamental interest because it measures the rate of transformation of North Atlantic water into dense water and thus the strength of the meridional overturning circulation (MOC). Here we study this exchange by monitoring all water flowing through the area east of Iceland to near the bottom or ˜600 m depth using a 75 kHz acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) mounted on the high-seas ferry M/F Norröna. Starting in March 2008, currents have been measured in the Faroe-Shetland Channel (FSC) and along the Iceland-Faroe Ridge (IFR) on the ferry's weekly round-trips between Iceland and Denmark. The detided average transports (to the north) across the two sections are 4.1 ± 0.1 Sv (106 m2s-1) through the FSC and 4.4 ± 0.25 Sv across the IFR (this excludes ˜1.6 Sv circulating around the Faroes). The Norröna program is ongoing.

  14. School Health Education about Human Sexuality. Position Statement. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Beverly J.; Mancuso, Patty; Cagginello, Joan B.; Board, Connie; Clark, Sandra; Harvel, Robin; Kelts, Susan

    2012-01-01

    It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that age-appropriate health education about human sexuality should be included as part of a comprehensive school health education program and be accessible to all students in schools. NASN recognizes the role of parents and families as the primary source of education about…

  15. Towards a complete Holocene tephrochronology for the Faroe Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wastegârd, S.; Gudmundsdóttir, E. R.; Lind, E. M.; Olsen, J.

    2012-04-01

    The position of the Faroe Islands between Iceland and the European mainland is ideal for receiving tephra from volcanic eruptions on Iceland. Historical records show that fallout on the islands have occurred in connection with eruptions of Katla in the 17th and 18th centuries AD and from Hekla during the eruption in 1845. Tephra fall was also observed during the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in 2010. Three widespread tephra horizons have been known since the 1960s from lake sediment and peat sequences on the Faroe Islands (e.g. Dugmore and Newton, 1998), the early Holocene Saksunarvatn tephra (c. 10.3 ka BP) and the mid Holocene Hekla-4 (c. 4.2 ka BP) and Hekla-S/Kebister tephras (c. 3.7 ka BP). Recent additions to the tephrochronology network of the Faroe Islands include the early Holocene Hässeldalen, Askja-S and Høvdarhagi tephras (Lind & Wastegård, 2011), the Suðuroy tephra (c. 8.0 ka BP; Wastegård, 2002), the Mjáuvøtn tephra (c. 6.8 ka BP; Olsen et al., 2010b), Hekla-3 (c. 3.0 ka BP), Hekla-1 (AD 1104) and the basaltic phase of the Landnám tephra (c. 870s AD) (e.g. Wastegård, 2002; Olsen et al, 2010a). Also several silicic layers from Katla ("SILK layers") have been found (Wastegård, 2002; Lind & Wastegård, 2011). In total more than 15 silicic and 5 basaltic layers have been found on the Faroe Islands, but since only a few sites have been investigated in detail, it is likely that many more tephra horizons remain to be discovered. The almost complete lack of basaltic tephra within peat bogs on Faroe Islands is striking even though many documentary records report tephra fallout from basaltic eruptions. Silicic tephra is thought to be generally more stable than basaltic tephra, which could be affected by chemical alteration or even complete dissolution in an acid environment, such as blanket peat (Pollard et al., 2003). Dugmore, AJ & Newton, AJ 1998. Froðskaparrit 46: 191-204. Lind, EM & Wastegård, S. 2011. Quaternary International 246: 157

  16. Faro Lake, a big picture from a small ecosystem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saccà, Alessandro

    2017-04-01

    Faro Lake is a small coastal basin located by the Straits of Messina (Central Mediterranean Sea) and is the deepest basin in Sicily and one of the deepest coastal lakes in Italy. Considering the correspondence of the shorelines of the lake with half-graben faults, a tectonic event is the most likely explanation for its remarkable depth (30 m in the central region). Due to its funnel-shape bathymetry and its limited water exchanges with the nearby sea, Faro Lake shows the typical trait of a meromictic basin, that is a persistent physical and chemical stratification of the water column. While the upper water layer is well oxygenated, chiefly due to advection processes, the bottom layer is anoxic and characterized by a vertical gradient of hydrogen sulfide concentration, reaching a maximum at the water/sediment interface. A transition zone also exists between these two layers where oxygen concentration sharply decreases with depth. As a result of this environmental heterogeneity, a variety of ecological niches arise along the water column of Faro Lake, which are exploited by a host of prokaryote groups showing a multiplicity of metabolic pathways. These microbes, in turn, affect the chemical gradients of the water column in a complex interplay and also serve as a food source for microbial eukaryotes in the so-called microbial food web. In summer, thanks to enhanced light availability and higher water temperature, a bloom of brown-colored photosynthetic sulfur bacteria develops in the upper part of the anoxic zone, resulting in a distinct "red water layer", coupled with significantly high biomasses of ciliated protozoa. During my researches, I have documented and quantified the trophic interactions between phagotrophic protozoa and the prokaryotes thriving in the "red water layer". I have also found a peculiar photosynthetic sulfur bacterium and a unique bacteriochlorophyll homologue that have been retrieved, to date, only from Faro Lake and from the Black Sea. I have

  17. Rome consensus conference - statement; human papilloma virus diseases in males

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a very resistant, ubiquitous virus that can survive in the environment without a host. The decision to analyse HPV-related diseases in males was due to the broad dissemination of the virus, and, above all, by the need to stress the importance of primary and secondary prevention measures (currently available for women exclusively). The objective of the Consensus Conference was to make evidence-based recommendations that were designed to facilitate the adoption of a standard approach in clinical practice in Italy. Methods The Sponsoring Panel put a series of questions to the members of the Scientific Committee who prepared a summary of the currently available information, relevant for each question, after the review and grading of the existing scientific literature. The summaries were presented to a Jury, also called multidisciplinary Consensus Panel, who drafted a series of recommendations. Results The prevalence of HPV in males ranges between 1.3–72.9%;. The prevalence curve in males is much higher than that in females and does not tend to decline with age. Women appear to have a higher probability of acquiring HPV genotypes associated with a high oncogenic risk, whereas in males the probability of acquiring low- or high-risk genotypes is similar. The HPV-related diseases that affect males are anogenital warts and cancers of the penis, anus and oropharynx. The quadrivalent vaccine against HPV has proved to be effective in preventing external genital lesions in males aged 16–26 years in 90.4%; (95%; CI: 69.2–98.1) of cases. It has also proved to be effective in preventing precancerous anal lesions in 77.5%; (95%; CI: 39.6–93.3) of cases in a per-protocol analysis and in 91.7%; (95%; CI: 44.6–99.8) of cases in a post-hoc analysis. Early ecological studies demonstrate reduction of genital warts in vaccinated females and some herd immunity in males when vaccine coverage is high, although males who have sex with males

  18. Rome Consensus Conference - statement; human papilloma virus diseases in males.

    PubMed

    Lenzi, Andrea; Mirone, Vincenzo; Gentile, Vincenzo; Bartoletti, Riccardo; Ficarra, Vincenzo; Foresta, Carlo; Mariani, Luciano; Mazzoli, Sandra; Parisi, Saverio G; Perino, Antonio; Picardo, Mauro; Zotti, Carla Maria

    2013-02-07

    Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a very resistant, ubiquitous virus that can survive in the environment without a host. The decision to analyse HPV-related diseases in males was due to the broad dissemination of the virus, and, above all, by the need to stress the importance of primary and secondary prevention measures (currently available for women exclusively). The objective of the Consensus Conference was to make evidence-based recommendations that were designed to facilitate the adoption of a standard approach in clinical practice in Italy. The Sponsoring Panel put a series of questions to the members of the Scientific Committee who prepared a summary of the currently available information, relevant for each question, after the review and grading of the existing scientific literature. The summaries were presented to a Jury, also called multidisciplinary Consensus Panel, who drafted a series of recommendations. The prevalence of HPV in males ranges between 1.3-72.9%;. The prevalence curve in males is much higher than that in females and does not tend to decline with age. Women appear to have a higher probability of acquiring HPV genotypes associated with a high oncogenic risk, whereas in males the probability of acquiring low- or high-risk genotypes is similar. The HPV-related diseases that affect males are anogenital warts and cancers of the penis, anus and oropharynx. The quadrivalent vaccine against HPV has proved to be effective in preventing external genital lesions in males aged 16-26 years in 90.4%; (95%; CI: 69.2-98.1) of cases. It has also proved to be effective in preventing precancerous anal lesions in 77.5%; (95%; CI: 39.6-93.3) of cases in a per-protocol analysis and in 91.7%; (95%; CI: 44.6-99.8) of cases in a post-hoc analysis. Early ecological studies demonstrate reduction of genital warts in vaccinated females and some herd immunity in males when vaccine coverage is high, although males who have sex with males gained no benefit at all. Males with

  19. Estimating WISC-III Scores for Special Education Students Using the Dumont-Faro Short Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comninel, Mary E.; Bordieri, James E.

    2001-01-01

    Uses the Dumont-Faro short form to estimate the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children-III (WISC-III) Full Sale IQ scores for 45 special education students. Results demonstrate that IQ scores were positively correlated with the WISC-III Full Scale scores. However an IQ miscalculation rate of 44% challenges the utility of the Dumont-Faro short…

  20. Mid-Holocene Rapid Oceanographic Change Around The Faroe Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Staines-Urias, F.; Kuijpers, A.; Hansen, B.

    2010-12-01

    Oceanographic conditions during the Holocene—sea surface temperature, primary productivity and bottom current variability—are investigated based on granulometric data, foraminiferal assemblages and stable isotope analyses completed on sediments from two cores (61°15.884’N, 11°09.654’W, 1217m depth and 61°43.03'N; 05°49.36'W, 346m depth) from the Faroe Islands region. The first core is located on the western slope of the Faroe Bank Channel. Here, changes in bottom current strength are associated with changes in the flux of dense water from the Nordic Seas into the North Atlantic. The second core was obtained from the eastern Faroese shelf near the Faroe-Shetland Channel. A pronounced environmental shift centered about 4500 y BP is observed in both locations. Benthic foraminiferal assemblages (i.e. Cassidulina obtusa, Bolivina pygmaea, Gavelinopsis praegeri, Trifarina angulosa) and grain size changes indicate weaker bottom currents from ca. 8000 to 5000 y BP. A rapid increase in the intensity of the bottom currents is observed around 4800 y BP followed by a trend towards weaker currents starting ca. 4500 y BP. Furthermore, changes in planktic foraminifera assemblages (i.e. Globigerina bulloides, Neogloboquadrina pachyderma, Turborotalita quinqueloba, Globigerinita uvula) as well as in the isotopic signal of G. bulloides indicate sudden changes in the ocean surface conditions around 4500 y BP, from colder, productive waters to warmer, more oligotrophic conditions. The comparable variability between the planktic and the sedimentological records indicate a strong linkage between changing conditions in the bottom and the overlaying surface waters. The pronounced Holocene environmental shift observed in all records is particularly interesting as similar synchronous changes have been extensively documented in tropical regions but are either weakly recorded, or non-existent, at more extensively studied temperate latitudes and polar regions.

  1. Physical control of primary production on the Faroe Shelf

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eliasen, Solva; Margretha Larsen, Karin; Hansen, Bogi

    2014-05-01

    The Faroe Islands are surrounded by a shelf with tidally mixed water, partly isolated from the open ocean by a tidal front. The on-shelf areas support a relatively uniform shelf ecosystem, distinct from the off-shelf waters. Earlier studies have shown high inter-annual variability in biological production on-shelf, with high correlation between fluctuations in the various trophic levels. It seems as if phytoplankton production is the prime driver in the ecosystem since grazing pressure by the zooplankton community during the spring bloom is not large enough to postpone and/or suppress the phytoplankton spring bloom. This indicates that physical effects are the dominant control of the primary production on the Faroe Shelf. For a well-mixed shelf water mass, solar radiation is an obvious candidate as a controlling factor, but inter-annual variations in light intensity show no correlation with primary production. Instead, it appears that variations in the horizontal exchange rate on-shelf and between on-shelf and off-shelf waters can explain the main features in both the inter-annual and shorter term variations of the spring bloom on-shelf. Two competing forcing factors seem to control the exchange rate: the homogenizing tidal currents and the air-sea heat exchange, which tends to induce both vertical and horizontal density gradients. In the presentation, a simple model is proposed to explain how the variations in these two factors affect the horizontal exchange rate and through that the spring bloom on the Faroe shelf.

  2. Hair colour in the Faroe and Orkney Islands.

    PubMed

    Suter, D

    1979-01-01

    Hair samples from 274 Faroe Islanders (mean age 16.7 years) and 246 Orkney Islanders (mean age 13.5 years) were classified and divided into eight colour categories by matching them to standard samples on the "Haarfarbentafel nach Fischer-Saller". Sex differences in the proportions in each category in both the Faroese (144 males, 130 females) and Orcadians (120 males, 126 females) were tested by x(2) and were not significant. A highly significant difference (1% level) was found in the proportions in the eight categories between the total Faroese and Orcadian samples. The Faroese subjects, despite their higher mean age, have a higher proportion of light-haired individuals. Hair of a "smoky-grey" tone, clearly unrelated to greying with age, and not represented on the Fischer-Saller scale, is reported and was found to be predominantly a feature of Orcadian males. The results for the Faroe and Orkney Islanders are compared with data for other North Atlantic populations.

  3. Statement of The American Society of Human Genetics on cystic fibrosis carrier screening

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    The identification in 1989 of the cystic fibrosis (CF) gene and its most common mutation immediately raised the possibility of CF carrier detection by DNA analysis. The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) issued a statement recommending that CF carrier testing should be made available to individuals with a family history of CF. It was also stated that screening of individuals or couples in the general population should not be offered until the rate of CF carrier detection improves. An additional prerequisite emphasized the need for the establishment of effective educational and counseling programs consistent with previous widely accepted principles. An NIH workshop reached similar conclusions. ASHG recommendations are that screening be limited to individuals with a family history of CF, testing should be accompanied by education and counseling, screening should be voluntary and confidential with appropriate laboratory quality controls, and efforts should be expanded to educate health care providers and the public.

  4. Spreading of released sulphur hexafluoride into the North Atlantic through the Faroe Bank Channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeansson, E.; Olsson, K. A.; Messias, M.-J.; Kristiansen, R.; Hansen, B.

    2003-04-01

    The Faroe Shetland Channel and the Faroe Bank Channel constitute the deepest connection between the Nordic Seas and the North Atlantic. Dense water formed within the Nordic Seas is transported through these channels into the North Atlantic as Iceland Scotland Overflow Water. A release of the tracer sulphur hexafluoride (SF_6) into the central Greenland Sea in summer 1996 has made it possible to follow intermediate water from the Greenland Sea around the Nordic Seas and into connecting areas. Monitoring for SF_6 has now taken place for four years in the surroundings of the Faroe Islands. The released tracer was for the first time observed north of the Faroes in early 1999, indicating a transport time from the Greenland Sea of around 2.5 years. This study investigate the incorporation of the tracer into the overflow based on observations of SF_6 just north of the Faroes, in the Faroe Bank Channel and at positions just downstream of the ridge, in the North Atlantic.

  5. Transport of volume, heat, and salt towards the Arctic in the Faroe Current 1993-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, B.; Larsen, K. M. H.; Hátún, H.; Kristiansen, R.; Mortensen, E.; Østerhus, S.

    2015-09-01

    The flow of warm and saline water from the Atlantic Ocean, across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge, into the Nordic Seas - the Atlantic inflow - is split into three separate branches. The most intense of these branches is the inflow between Iceland and the Faroe Islands (Faroes), which is focused into the Faroe Current, north of the Faroes. The Atlantic inflow is an integral part of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC), which is projected to weaken during the 21st century and might conceivably reduce the oceanic heat and salt transports towards the Arctic. Since the mid-1990s, hydrographic properties and current velocities of the Faroe Current have been monitored along a section extending north from the Faroe shelf. From these in situ observations, time series of volume, heat, and salt transport have previously been reported, but the high variability of the transport has made it difficult to establish whether there are trends. Here, we present results from a new analysis of the Faroe Current where the in situ observations have been combined with satellite altimetry. For the period 1993 to 2013, we find the average volume transport of Atlantic water in the Faroe Current to be 3.8 ± 0.5 Sv (1 Sv = 106 m3 s-1) with a heat transport relative to 0 °C of 124 ± 15 TW (1 TW = 1012 W). Consistent with other results for the Northeast Atlantic component of the THC, we find no indication of weakening. The transports of the Faroe Current, on the contrary, increased. The overall increase over the 2 decades of observation was 9 ± 8 % for volume transport and 18 ± 9 % for heat transport (95 % confidence intervals). During the same period, the salt transport relative to the salinity of the deep Faroe Bank Channel overflow (34.93) more than doubled, potentially strengthening the feedback on thermohaline intensity. The increased heat and salt transports are partly caused by the increased volume transport and partly by increased temperatures and salinities of the

  6. Waste management programmatic environmental impact statement methodology for estimating human health risks

    SciTech Connect

    Bergenback, B.; Blaylock, B.P.; Legg, J.L.

    1995-05-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has produced large quantities of radioactive and hazardous waste during years of nuclear weapons production. As a result, a large number of sites across the DOE Complex have become chemically and/or radiologically contaminated. In 1990, the Secretary of Energy charged the DOE Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste management (EM) with the task of preparing a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS). The PEIS should identify and assess the potential environmental impacts of implementing several integrated Environmental Restoration (ER) and Waste Management (WM) alternatives. The determination and integration of appropriate remediation activities and sound waste management practices is vital for ensuring the diminution of adverse human health impacts during site cleanup and waste management programs. This report documents the PEIS risk assessment methodology used to evaluate human health risks posed by WM activities. The methodology presents a programmatic cradle to grave risk assessment for EM program activities. A unit dose approach is used to estimate risks posed by WM activities and is the subject of this document.

  7. Dietary recommendations regarding pilot whale meat and blubber in the Faroe Islands.

    PubMed

    Weihe, Pál; Joensen, Høgni Debes

    2012-07-10

    For centuries the pilot whale has been an important part Faroese life--both in regard to food and culture. However, studies dating back to 1977 have shown an increase in contamination of the meat, blubber, liver and kidneys of pilot whales. Several birth cohorts have been established in the Faroes in order to discover the health effects related to mercury and organchlorine exposure. In short the results have so far shown that: mercury from pilot whale meat adversely affects the foetal development of the nervous system; the mercury effect is still detectable during adolescence; the mercury from the maternal diet affects the blood pressure of the children; the contaminants of the blubber adversely affect the immune system so that the children react more poorly to immunizations; contaminants in pilot whales appear to increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease in those who often eat pilot whale; the risk of hypertension and arteriosclerosis of the carotid arteries is increased in adults who have an increased exposure to mercury; septuagenarians with type 2 diabetes or impaired fasting glycaemia tended to have higher PCB concentrations and higher past intake of traditional foods, especially during childhood and adolescence. Also impaired insulin secretion appears to constitute an important part of the type 2 diabetes pathogenesis associated with exposure to persistent lipophilic food contaminants. From the latest research results, the authors consider that the conclusion from a human health perspective must be to recommend that pilot whale is no longer used for human consumption.

  8. Crustal structure from the Faroes Shelf to the Norwegian Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roberts, A. W.; White, R. S.; Kusznir, N. J.; Christie, P.; Roberts, A. M.; Isimm Team

    2003-04-01

    We show the crustal structure along a 400km seismic profile extending across a prime example of a volcanically rifted margin, from the Faroes shelf across the continent-ocean boundary northeast of the Faroe Islands, and 100km into oceanic crust of the Norwegian Sea formed immediately after continental break-up. 85 4-component OBS were used for the survey, giving wide-angle arrivals visible to beyond 120km offset. The survey was complemented by a 12 km Q-streamer profile along the same line. Integration of the normal incidence through wide-angle arrivals for the OBS and streamer data allow us to make a constrained velocity model through the active crust and into the upper mantle. We used a large airgun source comprising 14 guns with a total volume of 6,360 cu. in. towed at 20m depth. The resulting output was dominated by low frequencies (peak at 9Hz) to allow improved imaging through the basalts. A thickened oceanic crust is found, indicative of high temperatures caused by the Iceland mantle plume, and the presence of clear seaward dipping reflectors is evidence of extrusive lavas. Underplating is also inferred on the margin from the high seismic velocities in the lower crust. Academia and industry seek to understand magmatic margin evolution for its impact on deep water hydrocarbon prospecting. The NE Atlantic has been chosen as our research area because of its accessibility, wealth of related data and current exploration on the Atlantic margin. The iSIMM programme's long term goals are to characterise volcanically rifted margins and to develop theoretical models of the formation and subsidence of rifted margins. iSIMM investigators are: R.S. White (1), N.J. Kusznir (2), P.A.F. Christie (3), A.M. Roberts (4), N. Hurst (2), Z.C. Lunnon (1,3), C.J. Parkin (1), A.W. Roberts (1), L.K. Smith (1), R. Spitzer (1), V. Tymms (2), A. Davies (1), A. Surendra (1), with funding from NERC, Agip UK, BP, Amerada Hess Ltd., Anadarko, Conoco, Phillips, Shell, Statoil, and WesternGeco.

  9. Instrumentation for the Citizen CATE Experiment: Faroe Islands and Indonesia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Penn, M. J.; Baer, R.; Bosh, R.; Garrison, D.; Gelderman, R.; Hare, H.; Isberner, F.; Jensen, L.; Kovac, S.; McKay, M.; Mitchell, A.; Pierce, M.; Thompson, P.; Ursache, A.; Varsik, J.; Walter, D.; Watson, Z.; Young, D.; the Citizen CATE Team

    2017-01-01

    The inner regions of the solar corona from 1-2.5 Rsun are poorly sampled both from the ground and space telescopes. A solar eclipse reduces the sky scattered background intensity by a factor of about 10,000 and opens a window to view this region directly. The goal of the Citizen Continental-America Telescopic Eclipse (CATE) Experiment is to take a 90-minute time sequence of calibrated white-light images of this coronal region using 60 identical telescopes spread from Oregon to South Carolina during the 2017 August 21 total solar eclipse. Observations that can address questions of coronal dynamics in this region can be collected with rather modest telescope equipment, but the large dynamic range of the coronal brightness requires careful camera control. The instruments used for test runs on the Faroe Islands in 2015 and at five sites in Indonesia in 2016 are described. Intensity calibration of the coronal images is done and compared with previous eclipse measurements from November & Koutchmy and Bazin et al. The change of coronal brightness with distance from the Sun seen in the 2016 eclipse agrees with observations from the 1991 eclipse, but differ substantially from the 2010 eclipse. The 2015 observations agree with 2016 and 1991 solar radii near the Sun, but are fainter at larger distances. Problems encountered during these test runs are discussed as well the solutions which will be implemented for the 2017 eclipse experiment.

  10. Physical control of the Faroe shelf spring bloom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasmussen, T. A. S.; Olsen, S. M.; Hansen, B.; Larsen, K. M. H.; Hátún, H.

    2012-04-01

    The marine ecosystem on the Faroe shelf has been shown to be tightly controlled by the primary production during the spring bloom with sandeel, economically important demersal fish, as well as seabirds clearly linked to the intensity of the spring bloom. The spring bloom has been monitored since the early 1990ies and is found to vary greatly from one year to another. A complete explanation for these variations has not been demonstrated but it has been suggested that physical processes on the shelf and exchange with the off shelf waters, are the main controlling mechanism of the spring bloom. In order to investigate this hypothesis, a high resolution (~ 1 km) physical 3D ocean model (HYCOM) has been set up and a hindcast for the period from 2000 to 2009 run. The results from this hindcast are compared with observations of temperature, salinity and currents on the shelf and the ability of the model to explain the observed spring bloom variations is discussed.

  11. Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in food and water from Faroe Islands.

    PubMed

    Eriksson, Ulrika; Kärrman, Anna; Rotander, Anna; Mikkelsen, Bjørg; Dam, Maria

    2013-11-01

    Diet and drinking water are suggested to be major exposure pathways for perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). In this study, food items and water from Faroe Islands sampled in 2011/2012 were analyzed for 11 perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and 4 perfluoroalkane sulfonic acids (PFSAs). The food samples included milk, yoghurt, crème fraiche, potatoes, fish, and fish feed, and the water samples included surface water and purified drinking water. In total, nine PFCAs and four PFSAs were detected. Generally, the levels of PFAS were in the lower picogram per gram range. Perfluorobutanoic acid was a major contributor to the total PFASs concentration in water samples and had a mean concentration of 750 pg/L. Perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA) was predominating in milk and wild fish with mean concentrations of 170 pg/g. Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) was most frequently detected in food items followed by PFUnDA, perfluorononanoic acid, and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Levels of PFUnDA and PFOA exceeded those of PFOS in milk and fish samples. Prevalence of long-chain PFCAs in Faroese food items and water is confirming earlier observations of their increase in Arctic biota. Predominance of short-chain and long-chain homologues indicates exposure from PFOS and PFOA replacement compounds.

  12. Publishing SNP genotypes of human embryonic stem cell lines: policy statement of the International Stem Cell Forum Ethics Working Party.

    PubMed

    Knoppers, Bartha M; Isasi, Rosario; Benvenisty, Nissim; Kim, Ock-Joo; Lomax, Geoffrey; Morris, Clive; Murray, Thomas H; Lee, Eng Hin; Perry, Margery; Richardson, Genevra; Sipp, Douglas; Tanner, Klaus; Wahlström, Jan; de Wert, Guido; Zeng, Fanyi

    2011-09-01

    Novel methods and associated tools permitting individual identification in publicly accessible SNP databases have become a debatable issue. There is growing concern that current technical and ethical safeguards to protect the identities of donors could be insufficient. In the context of human embryonic stem cell research, there are no studies focusing on the probability that an hESC line donor could be identified by analyzing published SNP profiles and associated genotypic and phenotypic information. We present the International Stem Cell Forum (ISCF) Ethics Working Party's Policy Statement on "Publishing SNP Genotypes of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines (hESC)". The Statement prospectively addresses issues surrounding the publication of genotypic data and associated annotations of hESC lines in open access databases. It proposes a balanced approach between the goals of open science and data sharing with the respect for fundamental bioethical principles (autonomy, privacy, beneficence, justice and research merit and integrity).

  13. Observations of highly regular oscillations in the overflow plume downstream of the Faroe Bank Channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Geyer, F.; ØSterhus, S.; Hansen, B.; Quadfasel, D.

    2006-12-01

    The Faroe Bank Channel (FBC) is the deepest connection between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nordic Seas. This work describes the dynamic properties of the plume of dense overflow water descending from the Faroe Bank Channel using time series data for velocity and temperature from a network of 25 moorings deployed west of the Faroe Bank Channel between July 1999 and February 2001. The cold water plume was identified using mean velocity and temperature data. A regular pattern of strong velocity and temperature oscillations with 88 ± 4 hours period was the most striking feature observed in the FBC overflow plume. These oscillations are initiated in a region where observations indicate supercritical conditions and compare well to recent model results for the FBC overflow plume by Ezer (2006).

  14. The Iceland-Faroe inflow of Atlantic water to the Nordic Seas [review article

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, B.; Østerhus, S.; Hátún, H.; Kristiansen, R.; Larsen, K. M. H.

    2003-12-01

    The flow of Atlantic water between Iceland and the Faroe Islands is one of three current branches flowing from the Atlantic Ocean into the Nordic Seas across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge. By the heat that it carries along, it keeps the subarctic regions abnormally warm and by its import of salt, it helps maintain a high salinity and hence density in the surface waters as a precondition for thermohaline ventilation. From 1997 to 2001, a number of ADCPs have been moored on a section going north from the Faroes, crossing the inflow. Combining these measurements with decade-long CTD observations from research vessel cruises along this section, we compute the fluxes of water (volume), heat, and salt. For the period June 1997-June 2001, we found the average volume flux of Atlantic water to be 3.5±0.5 Sv (1 Sv=10 6 m 3·s -1). When compared to recent estimates of the other branches, this implies that the Iceland-Faroe inflow is the strongest branch in terms of volume flux, transporting 47% of the total Atlantic inflow to the Arctic Mediterranean (Nordic Seas and Arctic Ocean with shelf areas). If all of the Atlantic inflow were assumed to be cooled to 0 °C, before returning to the Atlantic, the Iceland-Faroe inflow carries a heat flux of 124±15 TW (1 TW=10 12 W), which is about the same as the heat carried by the inflow through the Faroe-Shetland Channel. The Iceland-Faroe Atlantic water volume flux was found to have a negligible seasonal variation and to be remarkably stable with no reversals, even on daily time scales. Out of a total of 1348 daily flux estimates, not one was directed westwards towards the Atlantic.

  15. Connections between the growth of Arctica islandica and phytoplankton dynamics on the Faroe Shelf

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonitz, Fabian; Andersson, Carin; Trofimova, Tamara

    2017-04-01

    In this study we use molluscan sclerochronological techniques in order to obtain closer insights into environmental and ecological dynamics of Faroe Shelf waters. The Faroe Shelf represents a special ecosystem with rich benthic and neritic communities, which also have great importance for many economically relevant fish stocks. Thus, a better understanding of seasonal and year-to-year phytoplankton and stratification dynamics would be useful because they also have implications for higher trophic levels. The water masses of the Faroe Shelf are fairly homogenous and isolated from off-shelf waters but at a certain depth, which is referred to as transition zone, seasonal stratification and horizontal exchange occur. Systematic observations and phytoplankton dynamic investigations have only been performed during the last 29 years but longer records are missing. Thus, we use the growth increment variability in long-lived Arctica islandica shells from the transition zone of the eastern Faroe Shelf to evaluate its potential to estimate on-shelf phytoplankton and stratification dynamics since previous studies have shown that the growth of A. islandica is highly dependent on food availability. We have built a shell-based master-chronology reaching back to the 17th century. Comparisons between the growth indices of our chronology and fluorescence data reveal significant positive relationships. In combination with an index that accounts for stratification even stronger correlations are obtained. This indicates that the growth of A. islandica is largely influenced by a combination of how much phytoplankton is produced and how much actually reaches the bottom, i.e. how well-mixed the water column is. Further significant positive correlations can also be found between the growth indices and other primary productivity data from the Faroe Shelf. In conclusion, our results suggest that the growth indices can be related to year-to-year changes in phytoplankton production and

  16. The Statement that Some Ochratoxins are “..classified as human carcinogens” is Not Accurate

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    To the Editor, We are writing in response to a statement made in the recent “Editor’s Highlights” of the paper on ochratoxin and the microbiome (Toxicological Sciences, 141(1), 2014, 1). Ochratoxins, like the other agriculturally-important mycotoxins, are natural contaminants and must be managed o...

  17. A stable Faroe Bank Channel overflow 1995-2015

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, Bogi; Húsgarð, Margretha; Larsen, Karin; Hátún, Hjálmar; Østerhus, Svein

    2016-11-01

    The Faroe Bank Channel (FBC) is the deepest passage across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge (GSR) and there is a continuous deep flow of cold and dense water passing through it from the Arctic Mediterranean into the North Atlantic and further to the rest of the world ocean. This FBC overflow is part of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), which has recently been suggested to have weakened. From November 1995 to May 2015, the FBC overflow has been monitored by a continuous ADCP (acoustic Doppler current profiler) mooring, which has been deployed in the middle of this narrow channel. Combined with regular hydrography cruises and several short-term mooring experiments, this allowed us to construct time series of volume transport and to follow changes in the hydrographic properties and density of the FBC overflow. The mean kinematic overflow, derived solely from the velocity field, was found to be (2.2 ± 0.2) Sv (1 Sv = 106 m3 s-1) with a slight, but not statistically significant, positive trend. The coldest part, and probably the bulk, of the FBC overflow warmed by a bit more than 0.1 °C, especially after 2002, increasing the transport of heat into the deep ocean. This warming was, however, accompanied by increasing salinities, which seem to have compensated for the temperature-induced density decrease. Thus, the FBC overflow has remained stable in volume transport as well as density during the 2 decades from 1995 to 2015. After crossing the GSR, the overflow is modified by mixing and entrainment, but the associated change in volume (and heat) transport is still not well known. Whatever effect this has on the AMOC and the global energy balance, our observed stability of the FBC overflow is consistent with reported observations from the other main overflow branch, the Denmark Strait overflow, and the three Atlantic inflow branches to the Arctic Mediterranean that feed the overflows. If the AMOC has weakened during the last 2 decades, it is not likely

  18. A need for orientation: The WMA statement on natural variations of human sexuality.

    PubMed

    Mahler, Lieselotte; Mundle, Goetz

    2015-01-01

    An alarming stigmatization and discrimination of homosexual people persists despite the formal depathologization of homosexuality, which occurred through the removal of the diagnosis from the DSM- (1973) and classification from the ICD (1991). The adoption of an expedited Statement on sexual orientation by the majority at the 64th General Assembly of the WMA is therefore an important and overdue measure. The Statement clearly asserts, among other things, that homosexuality is not an illness and therefore requires no cure. It also suggests that direct and indirect discrimination and stigmatization of people due their sexual orientation often leads to psychological and physical illnesses. Furthermore, delegates of the WMA condemned so-called reparative or conversion "therapies", which strive to induce heterosexual or asexual behavior. These are not only ineffective and unethical, but are strongly associated with serious negative impacts on health. Such a statement from the World Medical Association (WMA) is of particular importance as ambivalence and uncertainty in regards to homosexuality exists even within the medical and therapeutic professions. The latent or manifest attribution of homosexuality as an illness or developmental disorder is still widespread. One possible explanation for this may be the disruption of an open and sustainable discourse on causes, effects and definitions of sexual orientation following the "official depathologization". Especially those working in the medical and therapeutic contexts should be aware of their special responsibility not to pathologize homosexuality.

  19. Research Experience and Agreement with Selected Ethics Principles from Canada's "Tri-Council Policy Statement--Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fahy, Pat; Spencer, Bob

    2004-01-01

    An online survey was conducted of students, instructors, and researchers in distance education regarding principles for the ethical treatment of human research subjects. The study used an online questionnaire based on principles drawn from Canada's "Tri-Council Policy Statement, Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans" (TCPS,…

  20. Geographical Cues and Developmental Exposure: Navigational Style, Wayfinding Anxiety, and Childhood Experience in the Faroe Islands.

    PubMed

    Schug, Mariah G

    2016-03-01

    The current study assessed potential relationships among childhood wayfinding experience, navigational style, and adult wayfinding anxiety in the Faroe Islands. The Faroe Islands are of interest because they have an unusual geography that may promote the use of an orientational style of navigation (e.g., use of cardinal directions). Faroese adults completed questionnaires assessing (1) their permitted childhood range sizes, (2) the types of navigational strategies they use, and (3) the amount of anxiety they experience when navigating in adulthood. Males had more childhood wayfinding experience, used the orientation strategy at a higher rate, and showed lower levels of wayfinding anxiety. When compared with other cultures, both Faroese women and men appear to embrace orientation strategies at an unusually high rate. Childhood experience was not conclusively linked to later wayfinding anxiety. However, the current findings raise the possibility that children who have particularly small ranges in childhood may be especially anxious when navigating in adulthood.

  1. Increasing transports of volume, heat, and salt towards the Arctic in the Faroe Current 1993-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, B.; Larsen, K. M. H.; Hátún, H.; Kristiansen, R.; Mortensen, E.; Østerhus, S.

    2015-06-01

    The flow of warm and saline water from the Atlantic Ocean, across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge, into the Nordic Seas - the Atlantic inflow - is split into three separate branches. The most intensive of these branches is the inflow between Iceland and the Faroe Islands (Faroes), which is focused into the Faroe Current, north of the Faroes. The Atlantic inflow is an integral part of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC), which is projected to weaken during the 21 century and might conceivably reduce the oceanic heat and salt transports towards the Arctic. Since the mid-1990s, hydrographic properties and current velocities of the Faroe Current have been monitored along a section extending north from the Faroe shelf. From these in situ observations, time series of volume, heat, and salt transport have previously been reported, but the high variability of the transport series has made it difficult to identify trends. Here, we present results from a new analysis of the Faroe Current where the in situ observations have been combined with satellite altimetry. For the period 1993 to 2013, we find the average volume transport of Atlantic water in the Faroe Current to be 3.8 ± 0.5 Sv (1 Sv =106 m3 s-1) with a heat transport relative to 0 °C of 124 ± 15 TW (1 TW =1012 W). Consistent with other results for the Northeast Atlantic component of the THC, we find no indication of weakening. The transports of the Faroe Current, on the contrary, increased. The overall trend over the two decades of observation was 9 ± 8% for volume transport and 18 ± 9% for heat transport (95% confidence intervals). During the same period, the salt transport relative to the salinity of the deep Faroe Bank Channel overflow (34.93) more than doubled, potentially strengthening the feedback on thermohaline intensity. The increased heat and salt transports are partly caused by the increased volume transport and partly by increased temperatures and salinities of the Atlantic inflow

  2. Vitamin D in the General Population of Young Adults with Autism in the Faroe Islands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kocovská, Eva; Andorsdóttir, Guðrið; Weihe, Pál; Halling, Jónrit; Fernell, Elisabeth; Stóra, Tormóður; Biskupstø, Rannvá; Gillberg, I. Carina; Shea, Robyn; Billstedt, Eva; Bourgeron, Thomas; Minnis, Helen; Gillberg, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    Vitamin D deficiency has been proposed as a possible risk factor for developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) levels were examined in a cross-sectional population-based study in the Faroe Islands. The case group consisting of a total population cohort of 40 individuals with ASD (aged 15-24 years) had significantly…

  3. The Iceland-Faroe inflow of Atlantic water to the Nordic Seas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, B.; Osterhus, S.; Hatun, H.

    2003-04-01

    The flow of Atlantic water between Iceland and the Faroe Islands is one of three current branches flowing from the Atlantic into the Nordic Seas across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge. By the heat that it carries along, it keeps the subarctic regions abnormally warm and by its import of salt, it helps maintain a high salinity and hence density in the surface waters as a precondition for thermohaline ventilation. From 1997 to 2001, a number of ADCPs have been moored on a section going north from the Faroes, crossing the inflow. Combining these measurements with decade-long CTD observations from research vessel cruises along this section, we compute the fluxes of water (volume), heat, and salt. For the period June 1997 to June 2001, we found the average volume flux of Atlantic water to be 3.5 ± 0.5 Sv (1 Sv = 10^6 m^3 x s-1), which makes this the branch with the largest volume flux according to recent estimates. This water was found to carry a heat flux of 125 ± 15 TW (1 TW = 1012 W), referenced to 0oC and a salt flux of 125 ± 15 kilotonnes per second. The Iceland-Faroe Atlantic water volume flux was found to have a negligible seasonal variation. Budget estimates and simple models indicate that thermohaline ventilation in the Arctic Mediterranean can drive most of the Atlantic inflow to the Nordic Seas and for the Iceland-Faroe branch, at least, the stability of the observed flux verifies that this is indeed the dominant forcing mechanism.

  4. Vitamin D in the General Population of Young Adults with Autism in the Faroe Islands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kocovská, Eva; Andorsdóttir, Guðrið; Weihe, Pál; Halling, Jónrit; Fernell, Elisabeth; Stóra, Tormóður; Biskupstø, Rannvá; Gillberg, I. Carina; Shea, Robyn; Billstedt, Eva; Bourgeron, Thomas; Minnis, Helen; Gillberg, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    Vitamin D deficiency has been proposed as a possible risk factor for developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) levels were examined in a cross-sectional population-based study in the Faroe Islands. The case group consisting of a total population cohort of 40 individuals with ASD (aged 15-24 years) had significantly…

  5. The Rising Prevalence of Autism: A Prospective Longitudinal Study in the Faroe Islands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kocovska, Eva; Biskupsto, Rannva; Gillberg, I. Carina; Ellefsen, Asa; Kampmann, Hanna; Stora, Tormoour; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    We have followed up a 2002 population study of autism prevalence in 15-24-year olds in the Faroe Islands. The rate of ASD grew significantly from 0.56% in 2002 to 0.94% in 2009. Although these results are within the range of typical findings from other studies, there were some interesting details. There were--in addition to 43 originally diagnosed…

  6. The Kettla Member - an overview from the Faroe-Sheltand Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eidesgaard, Óluva

    2013-04-01

    The North Atlantic Igneous Province (NAIP) is covering large areas of the Faroese Continental Shelf (FSC) and the Faroe-Shetland basin today. Although understanding of these Paleogene aged basalts is increasing, the early stages of the volcanic systems forming the basalts are not yet fully understood. The Kettla Member, which is one of the oldest known volcaniclastic units of the NAIP, is a geographically wide spread partly siliciclastic partly volcaniclastic unit in the Faroe Shetland Basin. It is believed to pass northwards, eastwards and southwards into mudstones and has a characteristically low GR response (25-30 API Units) which correlates well throughout the Basin. Based on literature research, data and reports from drillings, supported by distribution maps based on 3D seismic data from the Judd Basin (the study area) which is located within the Faroe-Shetland, this study suggest provenance areas for the Kettla Member. By looking at thickness variations, composition and reworked stage of the material it is possible to try and understand the sedimentary pathways and the processes controlling them during the initial stages of volcanism in the area. The Kettla member is 147 meters thick in Well 6004/8a-1 and consists primarily of coarse grained volcaniclastics and tuffs. Minor amounts of tuffaceous claystone and coal were also found within the unit in the well. In Well 6004/12-1z the thickness of the member is 89 meters and consists of varies volcaniclastic lithologies, e.g. coarse and poorly-sorted volcaniclastic sandstones and siltstones. In Well 6004/17-1 the thickness of the member is 68.5 meters and comprised of e.g. coarse and well-rounded volcanic sand. The coarse and mostly poorly sorted volcaniclastic material (high energy facies) found in the wells indicates a proximal source while the thickness variations indicate the source to be to the NW of the Judd Basin. There is thus evidence of extrusive volcanism northwest of the Judd basin, i.e. towards the

  7. CHAPEL HILL BISPHENOL A EXPERT PANEL CONSENSUS STATEMENT:INTEGRATION OF MECHANISMS, EFFECTS IN ANIMALS AND POTENTIAL TO IMPACT HUMAN HEALTH AT CURRENT LEVELS OF EXPOSURE

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document is a summary statement of the outcome from the meeting: “Bisphenol A: An Examination of the Relevance of Ecological, In vitro and Laboratory Animal Studies for Assessing Risks to Human Health” sponsored by the NIEHS and NIDCR, NIH/DHHS on the estrogenic environmenta...

  8. HIV and Sports. American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Virus in the Athletic Setting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Physician and Sportsmedicine, 1992

    1992-01-01

    The American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement on participation of athletes with human immunodeficiency virus suggests they be allowed to participate in competitive sports until disease transmission is found to occur in sport settings. The article discusses physician and coach roles and recommends precautions regarding body fluids and…

  9. CHAPEL HILL BISPHENOL A EXPERT PANEL CONSENSUS STATEMENT:INTEGRATION OF MECHANISMS, EFFECTS IN ANIMALS AND POTENTIAL TO IMPACT HUMAN HEALTH AT CURRENT LEVELS OF EXPOSURE

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document is a summary statement of the outcome from the meeting: “Bisphenol A: An Examination of the Relevance of Ecological, In vitro and Laboratory Animal Studies for Assessing Risks to Human Health” sponsored by the NIEHS and NIDCR, NIH/DHHS on the estrogenic environmenta...

  10. Consent in paediatric research: an evaluation of the guidance provided in the 2007 NHMRC National statement on ethical conduct in human research.

    PubMed

    Spriggs, Merle P; Gillam, Lynn H

    2008-03-17

    In 2007, the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) released a revised National statement on ethical conduct in human research. Public submissions in the review process leading to the 2007 statement highlighted four main areas of concern: children's competence to consent, mature minors and the requirement for parental consent, whether children can refuse to participate, and the provision of information to children. A useful addition to the statement is the concept of levels of maturity, which help determine whether a child or young person's consent is necessary and/or sufficient for participation in research. Changes in terminology ("capacity" instead of "competence" and introduction of the term "vulnerability") have the potential to create confusion, as the new terms are not clearly defined, and capacity is used in several senses.

  11. Biological Awareness: Statements for Self-Discovery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edington, D.W.; Cunningham, Lee

    This guide to biological awareness through guided self-discovery is based on 51 single focus statements concerning the human body. For each statement there are explanations of the underlying physiological principles and suggested activities and discussion ideas to encourage understanding of the statement in terms of the human body's functions,…

  12. Biological Awareness: Statements for Self-Discovery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edington, D.W.; Cunningham, Lee

    This guide to biological awareness through guided self-discovery is based on 51 single focus statements concerning the human body. For each statement there are explanations of the underlying physiological principles and suggested activities and discussion ideas to encourage understanding of the statement in terms of the human body's functions,…

  13. Supporting statement for community study of human response to aircraft noise

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dempsey, T. K.; Deloach, R.; Stephens, D. G.

    1980-01-01

    A study plan for quantifying the relationship between human annoyance and the noise level of individual aircraft events is studied. The validity of various noise descriptors or noise metrics for quantifying aircraft noise levels are assessed.

  14. Comparative mutagenesis of human cells in vitro and in vivo. Progress report and financial statement

    SciTech Connect

    Thilly, W.G.

    1983-01-01

    Our laboratory has undertaken the study of mutagenesis from two perspectives. First, we are devising methods to measure mutation in human beings and to recognize specific patterns of mutation indicative of exposures to particular environmental agents. Second, we are studying the basic question of how chemicals induce mutation and also their potential effects on gene regulation and expression. Specifically we report results which show the applicability of measuring mutation frequencies at small loci in a human lymphoblast cell line in the generation of mutational spectra. Our experiments in the area of gene regulation have revealed that 5-azacytidine can reverse the previously discovered effect of BUdR in inducing pseudomutation at the TK locus. In addition, we have developed an improvement in the performance of human lymphoblast mutation assays by devising means to measure plating efficiency at high cell densities.

  15. A Statement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mondale, Walter F.

    1973-01-01

    Article is a statement by Senator Walter F. Mondale, a Democrat from Minnesota, on the evaluation of social programs and a serious appraisal of social policy for the nation's children and their families. (Author/RK)

  16. The Faroe shelf circulation and its potential impact on the primary production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasmussen, Till A. S.; Olsen, Steffen M.; Hansen, Bogi; Hátún, Hjálmar; Larsen, Karin M. H.

    2014-10-01

    The ecosystem on the Faroe shelf has been shown to be tightly controlled by the primary production. It has been suggested that the primary production is governed by the physical processes controlling this water mass. The objective of this study is to identify the physical control mechanisms that control this water mass, link these to the interannual variability of the chlorophyll content on the Faroe shelf and through this discuss the influence on the primary production. In order to achieve this, a 10 year hindcast (2000-2009) with a regional ocean circulation model has been set up for the focus area. Results are compared with measurements on the Faroe shelf. The model reproduces the clockwise residual circulation around the Faroe Islands. The vertical velocity profile is validated using observations at a location west of the Islands. Observations show a logarithmic profile in the entire water column indicating a fully developed boundary layer. The modeled profile matches the observations in the bottom part of the water column, however the thickness of the bottom boundary layer is underestimated, which results in a constant profile in the upper part of the water column. As a consequence, the modeled velocity in the upper part of the water column is up to 20% lower than the observed velocity. The direction of the modeled velocity profile compares well with observations. The model realistically forms the partly isolated unique shelf water mass. Years with anomalously early and persistent modeled spring stratification correspond with years with a high on-shelf chlorophyll concentration. An integration of the exchange across the 120 m isobath shows intense water mass exchange across this depth contour. The major part of this includes tidal shifting of the front between on-shelf and off-shelf waters and is associated with little effective water mass exchange. The result is a shelf water mass that is relatively isolated. The modeled net exchange is constituted by an on

  17. Analysis of wind conditions on the Faroe islands based on roadside wind measurements and WASP

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beyer, Hans Georg; Niclasen, Bardur; Eyðfinnsson Veyhe, Torkil

    2017-04-01

    For the Faroe Islands - intending to increase the share of wind energy to the electricity supply - a comprehensive mapping of the wind potential is missing up to today. With dedicated meteorological measurements missing, source for site wind data are formed by a set of meteorological stations with 10m above ground wind measurements intended to monitor road conditions. Stations are thus -due to the complex topography of the islands - mostly positioned at locations not optimal for wind energy studies. We will describe the attempt to use these data for a scanning of the wind energy relevant information in view of both wind energy potential and design relevant extreme wind gusts.

  18. Behavioral genetics '97: ASHG statement. Recent developments in human behavioral genetics: past accomplishments and future directions.

    PubMed Central

    Sherman, S L; DeFries, J C; Gottesman, I I; Loehlin, J C; Meyer, J M; Pelias, M Z; Rice, J; Waldman, I

    1997-01-01

    The field of behavioral genetics has enormous potential to uncover both genetic and environmental influences on normal and deviant behavior. Behavioral-genetic methods are based on a solid foundation of theories and methods that successfully have delineated components of complex traits in plants and animals. New resources are now available to dissect the genetic component of these complex traits. As specific genes are identified, we can begin to explore how these interact with environmental factors in development. How we interpret such findings, how we ask new questions, how we celebrate the knowledge, and how we use or misuse this knowledge are all important considerations. These issues are pervasive in all areas of human research, and they are especially salient in human behavioral genetics. PMID:9199545

  19. The origin of the isolated population of the Faroe Islands investigated using Y chromosomal markers.

    PubMed

    Jorgensen, Tove H; Buttenschön, Henriette N; Wang, August G; Als, Thomas D; Børglum, Anders D; Ewald, Henrik

    2004-06-01

    Historical, archaeological and linguistic sources suggest that the ancestors of the present day population in the Faroe Islands may have their origin in several different regions surrounding the North Atlantic Ocean. In this study we use binary and microsatellite markers of the Y chromosome to analyse genetic diversity in the Faroese population and to compare this with the distribution of genotypes in the putative ancestral populations. Using a combination of genetic distance measures, assignment and phylogenetic analyses, we find a high degree of similarity between the Faroese Y chromosomes and the Norwegian, Swedish and Icelandic Y chromosomes but also some similarity with the Scottish and Irish Y chromosomes. Diversity measures and estimates of effective population sizes also suggest that the original gene pool of the settlers have been influenced by random genetic drift, thus complicating direct comparisons with other populations. No extensive immigration from Iceland to the Faroe Islands can be documented in the historical record. We therefore hypothesise that the high degree of Y chromosome similarity between the two populations arose because they were colonised at approximately the same time by males originating from the same regions of Scandinavia and, to a lesser extent, from the British Isles.

  20. Shrubs tracing sea surface temperature--Calluna vulgaris on the Faroe Islands.

    PubMed

    Beil, Ilka; Buras, Allan; Hallinger, Martin; Smiljanić, Marko; Wilmking, Martin

    2015-11-01

    The climate of Central and Northern Europe is highly influenced by the North Atlantic Ocean due to heat transfer from lower latitudes. Detailed knowledge about spatio-temporal variability of sea surface temperature (SST) in that region is thus of high interest for climate and environmental research. Because of the close relations between ocean and coastal climate and the climate sensitivity of plant growth, annual rings of woody plants in coastal regions might be used as a proxy for SST. We show here for the first time the proxy potential of the common and widespread evergreen dwarf shrub Calluna vulgaris (heather), using the Faroe Islands as our case study. Despite its small and irregular ring structure, the species seems suitable for dendroecological investigations. Ring width showed high and significant correlations with summer and winter air temperatures and SST. The C. vulgaris chronology from the Faroe Islands, placed directly within the North Atlantic Current, clearly reflects variations in summer SSTs over an area between Iceland and Scotland. Utilising shrubs like C. vulgaris as easy accessible and annually resolved proxies offers an interesting possibility for reconstruction of the coupled climate-ocean system at high latitudes.

  1. Shrubs tracing sea surface temperature— Calluna vulgaris on the Faroe Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beil, Ilka; Buras, Allan; Hallinger, Martin; Smiljanić, Marko; Wilmking, Martin

    2015-11-01

    The climate of Central and Northern Europe is highly influenced by the North Atlantic Ocean due to heat transfer from lower latitudes. Detailed knowledge about spatio-temporal variability of sea surface temperature (SST) in that region is thus of high interest for climate and environmental research. Because of the close relations between ocean and coastal climate and the climate sensitivity of plant growth, annual rings of woody plants in coastal regions might be used as a proxy for SST. We show here for the first time the proxy potential of the common and widespread evergreen dwarf shrub Calluna vulgaris (heather), using the Faroe Islands as our case study. Despite its small and irregular ring structure, the species seems suitable for dendroecological investigations. Ring width showed high and significant correlations with summer and winter air temperatures and SST. The C. vulgaris chronology from the Faroe Islands, placed directly within the North Atlantic Current, clearly reflects variations in summer SSTs over an area between Iceland and Scotland. Utilising shrubs like C. vulgaris as easy accessible and annually resolved proxies offers an interesting possibility for reconstruction of the coupled climate-ocean system at high latitudes.

  2. [Consensus statement on the clinical management of human immunodeficiency virus-associated neurocognitive disorders].

    PubMed

    Podzamczer Palter, Daniel; Muñoz-Moreno, José A; Alcolea Rodríguez, Daniel; Alonso Villaverde, Carlos; Antela López, Antonio; Blanch Andreu, Jordi; Casado Osorio, José Luis; Galindo Puerto, M José; Garolera i Freixa, Maite; Locutura Rupérez, Jaime; Lleó Bisa, Albert; Prats París, Anna; Pérez-Valero, Ignacio; Portilla Sogorb, Joaquín; Rovira Cañellas, Alex; Téllez Molina, M Jesús; Tiraboschi, Juan Manuel; Vergara Moragues, Esperanza; Arribas López, José Ramón; Goenaga Sánchez, Miguel Ángel; de León-Naranjo, Fernando Lozano; Martínez Chamorro, Esteban; Polo Rodríguez, Rosa; Muñoz-Moreno, José A; Podzamczer, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    To develop a consensus document containing clinical recommendations for the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). We assembled a panel of experts appointed by GeSIDA and the Secretariat of the National AIDS Plan (PNS), including internal medicine physicians with expertise in the field of HIV, neuropsychologists, neurologists and neuroradiologists. Scientific information was reviewed to October 2012 in publications and conference papers. In support of the recommendations using two levels of evidence: the strength of the recommendation in the opinion of the experts (A, B, C) and the level of empirical evidence (I, II, III), two levels based on the criteria of the Infectious Disease Society of America, already used in previous documents GeSIDA/SPNS. Multiple recommendations for the clinical management of these disorders are provided, including two graphics algorithms, considering both the diagnostic and possible therapeutic strategies. Neurocognitive disorders associated with HIV infection is currently highly prevalent, are associated with a decreased quality of life and daily activities, and given the possibility of occurrence of an increase in the coming years, there is a need to adequately manage these disorders, from a diagnostic as well as therapeutic point of view, and always from a multidisciplinary perspective. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  3. [Consensus statement: recommendations for the management of metabolic bone disease in human immunodeficiency virus patients].

    PubMed

    Martínez, Esteban; Jódar Gimeno, Esteban; Reyes García, Rebeca; Carpintero, Pedro; Casado, José Luis; Del Pino Montes, Javier; Domingo Pedrol, Pere; Estrada, Vicente; Maalouf, Jorge; Negredo, Eugenia; Ocampo, Antonio; Muñoz-Torres, Manuel

    2014-04-01

    To provide practical recommendations for the evaluation and treatment of metabolic bone disease in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients. Members of scientific societies related to bone metabolism and HIV: Grupo de Estudio de Sida (GeSIDA), Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición (SEEN), Sociedad Española de Investigación Ósea y del Metabolismo Mineral (SEIOMM), and Sociedad Española de Fractura Osteoporótica (SEFRAOS). A systematic search was carried out in PubMed, and papers in English and Spanish with a publication date before 28 May 2013 were included. Recommendations were formulated according to GRADE system (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) setting both their strength and the quality of supporting evidence. Working groups were established for each major part, and the final resulting document was later discussed in a face-to-face meeting. All the authors reviewed the final written document and agreed with its content. The document provides evidence-based practical recommendations on the detection and treatment of bone disease in HIV-infected patients. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. y Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica. All rights reserved.

  4. Partaking of Archaea to biogeochemical cycling in oxygen-deficient zones of meromictic saline Lake Faro (Messina, Italy).

    PubMed

    La Cono, Violetta; La Spada, Gina; Arcadi, Erika; Placenti, Francesco; Smedile, Francesco; Ruggeri, Gioacchino; Michaud, Luigi; Raffa, Carmen; De Domenico, Emilio; Sprovieri, Mario; Mazzola, Salvatore; Genovese, Lucrezia; Giuliano, Laura; Slepak, Vladlen Z; Yakimov, Michail M

    2013-06-01

    We used a combination of molecular and microbiological approaches to determine the activity, abundance and diversity of archaeal populations inhabiting meromictic saline Lake Faro (Messina, Italy). Analysis of archaeal 16S rRNA, amoA, accA and hbd genes and transcripts revealed that sub- and anoxic layers of Lake Faro are primarily inhabited by the organisms related to the clusters of Marine Group I.1a of Thaumarchaeota frequently recovered from oxygen-depleted marine ecosystems. These organisms dominated the metabolically active archaea down to the bottom of the lake, indicating their adaptation to recurrent changes in the levels of water column hypoxia. The upper microaerobic layer of Lake Faro redoxcline has the maximal rates of dark primary production much lower than those of other previously studied pelagic redoxclines, but comparable to the values of meso- and bathypelagic areas of Mediterranean Sea. Application of bacterial inhibitors, especially azide, significantly declined the CO2 fixation rates in the low interface and monimolimnion, whereas archaea-specific inhibitor had effect only in upper part of the redoxcline. Based on these findings, we hypothesize that dark bicarbonate fixation in suboxic zone of Lake Faro results mainly from archaeal activity which is affected by the predicted lack in oxygen in lower layers. © 2012 Society for Applied Microbiology and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  5. Crustal Imaging of the Faroe Islands and North Sea Using Ambient Seismic Noise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sammarco, C.; Rawlinson, N.; Cornwell, D. G.

    2016-12-01

    The recent development of ambient seismic noise imaging offers the potential for obtaining detailed seismic models of the crust. Cross-correlation of long-term recordings from station pairs reveals an empirical "Green's function" which is related to the impulse response of the medium between the two stations. Here, we present new results using two different broadband datasets: one that spans the Faroe Islands and another that spans the North Sea. The smaller scale Faroe Islands study was tackled first, because with only 12 stations, it was well suited for the development and testing of a new data processing and inversion workflow. In the Faroe Islands study cross-correlations with high signal-to-noise ratios were obtained by applying phase weighted stacking, which is shown to be a significant improvement over convectional linear stacking. For example, coherent noise concentrated near the zero time lag of the linearly stacked cross correlations appears to have an influence on the dispersion characteristics beyond 10 s period, but we have managed to minimize these effects with phase weighted stacking. We obtain group velocity maps from 0.5s to 15s period by inverting inter-station travel times using an iterative non-linear inversion scheme. It reveals the presence of significant lateral heterogeneity in the mid-upper crust, including evidence of a low velocity zone in the upper crust, which may mark the base of the basalt layer. This is most clearly revealed by taking the average group velocity dispersion curve for all station pairs and inverting for 1-D shear wave velocity. The computation of a 3-D shear wave speed model both verifies and adds further detail to these results. Application to the North Sea dataset was challenging due to the highly attenuative nature of the crust in this region, which has previously been observed to dramatically reduce the signal-to-noise ratio of short period surface waves. However, with the help of phase-weighted stacking good

  6. Distribution, structure and seismic stratigraphy of syn-breakup and post-breakup sediments in the Faroe sector of the Faroe-Shetland Basin, NE Atlantic- an interplay between localized uplift, deposition and subsidence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ólavsdóttir, Jana; Sparre Andersen, Morten; Boldreel, Lars Ole

    2014-05-01

    Emplacement of the Cenozoic deposits in the Faroese sector of the Faroe-Shetland Basin, NE Atlantic volcanic margin, during late pre-, syn- and post-breakup are controlled by decelerating thermal subsidence of the basin, local uplift of source areas and reactivation of older structural elements that control the pathway. The findings are based on interpretation of all reflection seismic data available in the Faroese sector supplemented by 13 exploration wells. In the period immediately before breakup, in Late Palaeocene, lava originating from NW entered the marine central part of the basin thus developing hyaloclastites at the same time as siliciclastic deltaic deposition took place from the SE. During syn-breakup in Early Eocene, subaerial volcanic material entered the basin from N-NW while sediment bodies of the siliciclastic origin prograde out from the British Shelf filling the accommodation space in the central part of the basin. The volcanic material covered almost the entire pre-breakup volcanic succession apart in the Corona Sub-basin and the Faroe-Shetland Escarpment area where the uppermost volcanic material is of pre-breakup age. It is concluded that in the central part of the Faroe-Shetland Basin the effect of the breakup only lasted for approximately 1 Ma years, although the areas closer to the breakup area may have been affected for a longer period. Through post-breakup in Eocene time the depocentre was placed in the central part of the basin and the interpeted sediment fans show that the sediment influx was mostly from south and southwest while sediment-body prograding out from the Faroe Platform is not found. This implies an uplift of the British Shelf area during Eocene time while the Faroe Platform area is close to sealevel. In Oligocene and Pliocene time six sediment fans are mapped showing that the sediment influx originated from the north and northwest and that the depocentre had moved in a westward direction closer to the Faroe Platform area

  7. Faroe shelf bloom phenology - The importance of ocean-to-shelf silicate fluxes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eliasen, Sólvá Káradóttir; Hátún, Hjálmar; Larsen, Karin Margretha H.; Jacobsen, Sólvá

    2017-07-01

    The highly variable primary production on the spatially confined Faroe shelf has been comprehensively monitored since the early 1990s. Utilizing these data together with output from a realistic high-resolution numerical model, we here give a unique description of an interplay between bloom phenology in a productive temperate well mixed Central Shelf and the mixed layer dynamics in a surrounding seasonally stratified Outer Shelf. There is a shift to a persistently stratified Outer Shelf during late May - early June, which thereafter holds the highest phytoplankton biomass and becomes nutrient limited in the upper layer. The Central Shelf chlorophyll accumulation becomes impeded around this transition, which is coincident with strong silicate drawdown. Subsequently, a succession of blooms can occur, and these coincide with nutrient enriching erosion of the Outer Shelf stratification and become terminated by re-establishments of the stratification. We hypothesize that the mixed layer dynamics of the Outer Shelf regulates the lateral nutrient fluxes to the Central Shelf.

  8. Health implications for Faroe islanders of heavy metals and PCBs from pilot whales.

    PubMed

    Weihe, P; Grandjean, P; Debes, F; White, R

    1996-07-16

    In the Faroe Islands marine food constitutes a considerable part of the diet. In addition to fish, both meat and blubber from pilot whales are included in the diet. Muscle tissue of pilot whales caught in the Faroe Islands contains an average mercury concentration of 3.3 micrograms/g (16 nmol/g), about half of which is methylmercury. In some years an evenly distributed annual catch of pilot whales would make the average dietary intake of mercury close to an excess of the Provisional Temporary Weekly Intake of 0.3 mg recommended by WHO. In one out of eight consecutive births, the mercury concentration in maternal hair exceeded a limit of 10 micrograms/g where a risk of neurobehavioral dysfunction in the child may occur; the maximum was 39.1 micrograms/g. Mercury concentrations in umbilical cord blood showed a similar distribution with a maximum of 351 micrograms/l. The large variation in mercury exposure is associated with differences in the frequency of whale dinners. The average PCB concentration in pilot whale blubber is very high, i.e. about 30 micrograms/g. With an estimated daily consumption of 7 g of blubber, the average daily PCB intake could therefore exceed 200 micrograms, i.e. close to the Acceptable Daily Intake. In Scandinavia, the average daily PCB intake is about 15-20 micrograms. To obtain an improved scientific basis for public health action, two major prospective studies have been initiated. A birth cohort of 1000 children has been examined at approximately 7 years of age for neurobehavioral dysfunctions associated with prenatal exposure to mercury and PCB. Preliminary analyses of the data show that several neurobehavioral tests are associated with mercury exposure parameters. With emphasis on prenatal exposures to PCB, another cohort has been generated during 1994-95, and this cohort will be followed closely during the next years.

  9. Starfish (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) from the Faroe Islands; spatial distribution and abundance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ringvold, H.; Andersen, T.

    2016-01-01

    "Marine benthic fauna of the Faroe Islands" (BIOFAR) is a large programme with a focus on collecting invertebrate fauna from the Faroes (62°N and 7°W). Cruises were undertaken from 1987 to 1990, and starfish (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) collected during this time were analysed. Asteroidea were sampled at ~50% of all BIOFAR stations. A Detritus sledge and a Triangular dredge proved to be the most efficient equipment, collecting over 60% of the specimens. In total 2473 specimens were collected from 20 to 1500 m depth, including 41 species from 17 families and 31 genera. Henricia pertusa (O. F. Müller, 1776) group, Pontaster tenuispinus (Düben & Koren, 1846), and Leptychaster arcticus (M. Sars, 1851) showed highest relative abundance. Maximum species diversity was found at 500-700 m depth, which coincides with the transition zone of water masses (North Icelandic Winter Water and Arctic Intermediate Water (NI/AI)) at approximately 400-600 m depth. 63% of the species were recorded at an average-weighted depth above 600 m. Two different ordination methods (detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) and nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS)) gave highly consistent representations of the community structure gradients. The first ordination axis scores did not show significant relationships with any environmental variable. Biological covariates like the presence of Lophelia corals were not significantly related to ordination scores on any axis. The second ordination axis scores were significantly correlated with depth. Temperature and salinity were highly correlated (r=0.90), and both negatively correlated with depth (r=-0.69 and r=-0.57, respectively).

  10. [Public Health as a Pathway towards Optimising Human Beings in Terms of Better Resilience? The Leopoldina Statement on Public Health in Germany].

    PubMed

    Holst, J; Razum, O

    2015-09-01

    The June 2015 political statement of the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina on Public Health in Germany emphasizes the need to strengthen Public Health and Public Health research in Germany. The Leopoldina authors' discernable desire to take into consideration the largest possible number of aspects and disciplines related to Public Health, however, leads to an accumulation of concepts with little or no content or even contradictive statements. Besides highly welcome explanation, for instance on the relevance of social determinants, the policy statement one-sidedly argues in favour of promoting genomics and other "omics" technologies. Indeed, the Leopoldina paper overrates the relevance of this and other technological approaches within Public Health and focuses too much on biomedical solutions. The potential of such technologies in the context of the health-in-all-policies approach which Leopoldina asks for is rather limited, however, when it comes to creating healthy living conditions. Genetic and other innovative technologies of medical research are hardly able to improve these conditions; they can merely contribute to enhancing the resilience of human beings in view of the increasingly uncontrollable environmental conditions - rather than changing these conditions. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  11. Phenologically distinct phytoplankton regions on the Faroe Shelf - identified by satellite data, in-situ observations and model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eliasen, Sólvá Káradóttir; Hátún, Hjálmar; Larsen, Karin Margretha H.; Hansen, Bogi; Rasmussen, Till Andreas S.

    2017-05-01

    Marked inter-annual fluctuations in the primary production on the Faroe shelf propagate to higher trophic levels and influence commercial fish stocks. This has previously been demonstrated based on weekly chlorophyll samples from a coastal station, dating back to 1997. However, the spatial extent, for which the coastal samples are representative, has not been well defined, and potential bio-geographical segregations of the shelf have not been considered. By integrating 18 years of chlorophyll satellite data, supplemented by in-situ, model, and meteorological reanalysis data, we identify three regions with unique characteristics with regards to surface chlorophyll and vertical structure - the Central Shelf, the Outer Shelf and the Eastern Banks. The observed difference in timing of the spring bloom in these regions helps explain different spawning patterns of important fish stocks, and the spatial division of the Faroe Shelf should be considered when studying biology and hydrography in these waters. A positive correlation between annual means on the outer Faroe Shelf and parts of the outer northwest Scottish Shelf indicates similarities between these neighbouring regions. We suggest that this similarity arises from the commonality in nutrient composition of the water masses shared by these neighbouring regions.

  12. Late Palaeocene Mantle Plume Uplift on The Fugloy Ridge, NE Faroes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hurst, N. W.; Kusznir, N. J.; Roberts, A. M.

    2004-12-01

    The Fugloy ridge is a large (~100 km wide) anticlinal structure situated to the NE of the Faroe Islands separating the Norwegian Ocean basin from the Faroe-Shetland trough. Flexural backstripping and post-breakup thermal subsidence modelling has been performed on a profile crossing the Fugloy Ridge to provide an estimate of mantle plume uplift at the end of the Palaeocene (~55 Ma). The modelling is carried out on a 370 km Q-marine multi-streamer swath reflection profile acquired by the M/V Geco Topaz during the summer of 2002 as part of the iSIMM (integrated Seismic Imaging and Modelling of Margins) project seismic acquisition programme. The profile provides good resolution of post-breakup sediment structure across the margin and also of deeper sub-basaltic structure along the profile. Flexural backstripping and reverse post-breakup thermal subsidence modelling is a 2D (or 3D) technique which is used to restore present day stratigraphic cross sections to earlier post-breakup times. The method removes units of stratigraphy from the top-downwards and calculates isostatic and sediment decompaction responses to this unloading. Thermal subsidence arises from the cooling of stretched continental lithosphere and the recently formed oceanic lithosphere, and may be predicted from the lithosphere beta stretching factor (McKenzie, 1978). Two approaches have been used to determine beta stretching estimates for the profile, the first approach uses beta stretching factors from crustal thinning estimates derived from a gravity anomaly inversion technique (Hurst et al., 2004). The second approach uses palaeo-bathymetric constraints to determine the beta stretching estimates for the profile. Results from the modelling show that the Fugloy Ridge present day stratigraphy flattens out progressively as the 2D cross section is restored to breakup (55 Ma) using beta stretching factor estimates derived from gravity anomaly inversion. The Fugloy Ridge has been proposed as a possible

  13. Supplemental results of the human health risk analysis for the U.S. Department of Energy draft waste management programmatic environmental impact statement

    SciTech Connect

    1995-08-01

    This report is intended as an information supplement to the human health risk analysis performed for the US Department of Energy`s Draft Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Managing Treatment, Storage, and Disposal of Radioactive and Hazardous Waste, hereinafter called the PEIS. This report provides the installation-by-installation human health risk analysis results from which the risk estimate summaries for the PEIS were drawn. Readers should bear in mind that the risk estimates presented here are the result of a program-wide (as opposed to site-specific) study. They are based on best available data; systematically applied assumptions; and professional judgment about DOE waste inventories, waste volumes generated annually, currently available treatment and disposal technologies, technical limitations of treatment, and facility capacities across the numerous installations in the DOE complex.

  14. Directional filter aided sub-basalt interpretation: A case study from the Faroe-Shetland basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebrahimi, Pouyan; Jaiswal, Priyank

    2017-02-01

    In complex geological settings, post-stack image processing aids geological interpretation. This case study shows how directional filtering, which is a spatial convolution that focuses energy along a pre-determined direction, can be used for post-stack processing. Application of coherency filtering can improve the mappability of both horizon and fault when applied in the following manner. One or more Region of Interest (ROI) are identified in the stack image and isolated for processing. Within a ROI, the directional filter is applied along the dominant horizon dip. For each ROI the coherency attribute, which provides an image of the discontinuities (e.g. faults), is also generated. The directional filtering is applied to the coherency image along the dominant dip of the faults/fractures. Finally, for each ROI, the filtered coherency image and the filtered stack are co-rendered. The co-rendered image can be merged with the unprocessed stack for a more complete interpretation of the geology. This simple yet intuitive workflow can greatly aid geological interpretation. Here, direction filtering is demonstrated on sub-basalt stratigraphy using a 2D profile from the Faroe-Shetland Basin but the methodology is applicable to any setting.

  15. Early group bias in the Faroe Islands: Cultural variation in children's group-based reasoning.

    PubMed

    Schug, Mariah G; Shusterman, Anna; Barth, Hilary; Patalano, Andrea L

    2016-01-01

    Recent developmental research demonstrates that group bias emerges early in childhood. However, little is known about the extent to which bias in minimal (i.e., arbitrarily assigned) groups varies with children's environment and experience, and whether such bias is universal across cultures. In this study, the development of group bias was investigated using a minimal groups paradigm with 46 four- to six-year-olds from the Faroe Islands. Children observed in-group and out-group members exhibiting varying degrees of prosocial behaviour (egalitarian or stingy sharing). Children did not prefer their in-group in the pretest, but a pro-in-group and anti-out-group sentiment emerged in both conditions in the posttest. Faroese children's response patterns differ from those of American children [Schug, M. G., Shusterman, A., Barth, H., & Patalano, A. L. (2013). Minimal-group membership influences children's responses to novel experience with group members. Developmental Science, 16(1), 47-55], suggesting that intergroup bias shows cultural variation even in a minimal groups context.

  16. Advective loss of overwintering Calanus finmarchicus from the Faroe-Shetland Channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rullyanto, Arief; Jónasdóttir, Sigrún H.; Visser, André W.

    2015-04-01

    The flow of deep water from the Norwegian Sea to the North Atlantic via the Faroe-Shetland Channel is one of the critical bottlenecks in the meridional overturn circulation. It is also a flow that potentially carries with it a large number of the overwintering copepod, Calanus finmarchicus, a regionally important secondary producer. Using a high resolution hydrodynamic model, MIKE 3 FM, we simulate the overflow of deep water and estimate the associated loss rate of C. finmarchicus as a function of the water depth strata within which they reside. We estimate a net advective loss from the Norwegian Sea population of 80±10 kt carbon bound in lipids of C. finmarchicus biomass per year, a number that constitutes about 50% of the total overwintering population. Estimates of water mass characteristics and particle tracking suggest that the fate of individuals transported in the overflowing water is to be entrained into warmer waters of the North Atlantic Basin, a habitat that appears to be unsuitable for successful overwintering.

  17. Armorloricus kristenseni (Nanaloricidae, Loricifera), a new species from the Faroe Bank (North Atlantic)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heiner, Iben

    2004-10-01

    The year 2003 was the 20th anniversary of the description of the phylum Loricifera and of the type species Nanaloricus mysticus Kristensen, 1983, from Roscoff, France. To honour this occasion, a loriciferan of the newly described genus Armorloricus, from Roscoff, will be named after the discoverer of the phylum Loricifera, Professor Reinhardt Møbjerg Kristensen. This new species, Armorloricus kristenseni sp. nov., was found during two cruises to the Faroe Bank in the North Atlantic, in 1992 and 2001. The specimens were collected at three different stations (one in 1992 and two in 2001) all situated on the plateau itself at a depth of approximately 150 m. The adults are characterized by their elongated shape, the large lateral lorica plates, the very long, feather-like scalids in the third row, the long claspers in the male, and the wheel-like structure of the subcuticle glands inside the lorica plates on the ventral side. The Higgins-larvae are characterized by their long middorsal scalid with a hexagonal base and the small hook-shaped midventral pair of scalids in row 4. Furthermore, the long, paired, serrated scalids in row 6 and the asymmetrical basal plate with numerous teeth in row 7 are also unique characters. For an easier between-family comparison of the different scalids and rows on the introvert, the second row in the adults of Nanaloricidae has been split up into two rows, so that all adult loriciferans posses a total of nine rows on the introvert.

  18. Exploration of the Faroes Region: Seismic images beneath a basalt province

    SciTech Connect

    Boldreel, L.O. ); Keser Neish, J. ); Ziska, H. )

    1996-01-01

    The Faroes Region, located between Iceland and Scotland, represent one of the significant Tertiary Igneous provinces of Western Europe. During the Paleocene and Eocene, vast amounts of basaltic material was extruded and therefore superimposed upon the pre-existing structural and stratigraphic fabric of the area. This basalt cover presents a substantial barrier to exploration in the area, and has not been penetrated by drilling to date. However, recent advances in geophysical data acquisition and processing resulted in the acquisition of state of the art data sets in 1994 and 1995. This seismic data demonstrates imaging capability both within and beneath the basalt, allowing definition of intra and sub basalt units in the more basinal areas. Seismic studies carried out within the basalt units give valuable information concerning the paleogeography and subsidence behaviour of the area. Shot records from these surveys have been analyzed for their wide angle reflection and refraction information in order to constrain the velocity model for the overlying Tertiary section and to study the velocity behaviour of the basalt units themselves. Application of this analysis has resulted in the derivation of substantially more accurate depth estimates for the underlying units. This study demonstrates that penetration of the basalt and resolution of the underlying features is possible, making petroleum exploration in the Faroese offshore area viable.

  19. Eddies and a mesoscale deflection of the slope current in the Faroe Shetland Channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sherwin, T. J.; Turrell, W. R.; Jeans, D. R. G.; Dye, S.

    1999-03-01

    The mesoscale dynamics of the Scottish side of the Faroe-Shetland Channel have been investigated using synoptic in situ and remote sensing observations. A cold core cyclonic eddy, identified from an AVHRR image, had a diameter of about 50 km and surface current speeds of up to 50 cm s -1; it appeared to be attached to the 800 m isobath as it moved north-eastward along the edge of the channel at about 8 cm s -1. Speeds in the slope current were about 50 cm s -1 but increased to 70 cm s -1 where the current was compressed by the eddy. Offshore, over the 1000 m isobath in the cooler water, speeds in the current were slower (ca. 20 cm s -1). North-west of the Shetlands the offshore edge of the slope current was deflected across the channel for a distance of about 70 km from the shelf edge. The speed of drifters in the slope current increased to over 60 cm s -1 as they moved anti-cyclonically around this deflection. CTD profiles suggest that the movement of the surface waters was mirrored in the deep water of the channel. The deflection carried a very large quantity of North Atlantic Water into the central part of the channel; its cause and ultimate fate are not known, although it is likely to have had a significant impact on the dynamics of the channel.

  20. Expedition 40 Post Docking Statement

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-05-29

    General Director of the Russian Federal Space Agency, Roscosmos, left, and William Gerstenmaier, NASA Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations, right, are seen during a joint statement after the docking of the Soyuz TMA-13M spacecraft with the International Space Station on Thursday, May 29, 2014 at the Baikonur Hotel in Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  1. Expedition 40 Post Docking Statement

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-05-29

    Oleg Ostapenko, General Director of the Russian Federal Space Agency, Roscosmos, left, and William Gerstenmaier, NASA Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations, right, shake hands following a joint statement after the docking of the Soyuz TMA-13M spacecraft with the International Space Station on Thursday, May 29, 2014 at the Baikonur Hotel in Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  2. Geochemical stratigraphy and correlation within large igneous provinces: The final preserved stages of the Faroe Islands Basalt Group

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Millett, J. M.; Hole, M. J.; Jolley, D. W.; Passey, S. R.

    2017-08-01

    The Faroe Islands Basalt Group (FIBG) comprises a gross stratigraphic thickness of over 6.5 km of dominantly extrusive basaltic facies erupted during the Late Palaeocene to Early Eocene. In this study we present 140 major and trace element analyses from flow by flow field and borehole sample profiles, through the Enni Formation, which comprises the final phase of volcanism preserved on the Faroe Islands. The sample profiles target geographically spaced and overlapping stratigraphic sequences tied relative to a 3D ArcGIS surface for the regionally extensive volcaniclastic Argir Beds marker unit. From these profiles five geochemical groups including one low TiO2 (Low-Ti < 1.5 wt%) and four high TiO2 (High-Ti > 1.5 wt%) groups differentiated by Nb, Zr, Y and V variations are identified in conjunction with previous studies. The spatial and stratigraphic distribution of these groups is mapped across the islands and demonstrates a complex inter-digitated flow field evolution. Within the finer scale variations, broad spatial and temporal development trends are identified demonstrating the potential for correlation within the volcanic succession at the local, tens of kilometers scale. Low-Ti lavas formed in association with lithospheric thinning and developed extensive flow fields between the Faroe Islands and East Greenland contemporaneous to the eruption of High-Ti smaller melt fraction lava flows in both locations. The progression of High-Ti lava groups preserved on either side of the developing rift zone is very similar, but is not, however, chronostratigraphic due to multiple inter-digitations of the chemical types. We tentatively suggest that a previously proposed rift-oblique transfer zone between the Faroe Islands and East Greenland enabled non-uniform lithospheric thinning and the preservation of a near-continuous High-Ti melting region between these areas beyond the onset of Low-Ti eruptions which were initially fed from the west. This study highlights the

  3. Accumulation rates and predominant atmospheric sources of natural and anthropogenic Hg and Pb on the Faroe Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shotyk, W.; Goodsite, M. E.; Roos-Barraclough, F.; Givelet, N.; Le Roux, G.; Weiss, D.; Cheburkin, A. K.; Knudsen, K.; Heinemeier, J.; van Der Knaap, W. O.; Norton, S. A.; Lohse, C.

    2005-01-01

    A monolith representing 5420 14C yr of peat accumulation was collected from a blanket bog at Myrarnar, Faroe Islands. The maximum Hg concentration (498 ng/g at a depth of 4.5 cm) coincides with the maximum concentration of anthropogenic Pb (111 μg/g). Age dating of recent peat accumulation using 210Pb (CRS model) shows that the maxima in Hg and Pb concentrations occur at AD 1954 ± 2. These results, combined with the isotopic composition of Pb in that sample ( 206Pb/ 207Pb = 1.1720 ± 0.0017), suggest that coal burning was the dominant source of both elements. From the onset of peat accumulation (ca. 4286 BC) until AD 1385, the ratios Hg/Br and Hg/Se were constant (2.2 ± 0.5 × 10 -4 and 8.5 ± 1.8 × 10 -3, respectively). Since then, Hg/Br and Hg/Se values have increased, also reaching their maxima in AD 1954. The age date of the maximum concentrations of anthropogenic Hg and Pb in the Faroe Islands is consistent with a previous study of peat cores from Greenland and Denmark (dated using the atmospheric bomb pulse curve of 14C), which showed maximum concentrations in AD 1953. The average rate of atmospheric Hg accumulation from 1520 BC to AD 1385 was 1.27 ± 0.38 μg/m 2/yr. The Br and Se concentrations and the background Hg/Br and Hg/Se ratios were used to calculate the average rate of natural Hg accumulation for the same period, 1.32 ± 0.36 μg/m 2/yr and 1.34 ± 0.29 μg/m 2/yr, respectively. These fluxes are similar to the preanthropogenic rates obtained using peat cores from Switzerland, southern Greenland, southern Ontario, Canada, and the northeastern United States. Episodic volcanic emissions and the continual supply of marine aerosols to the Faroe Islands, therefore, have not contributed significantly to the Hg inventory or the Hg accumulation rates, relative to these other areas. The maximum rate of Hg accumulation was 34 μg/m 2/yr. The greatest fluxes of anthropogenic Hg accumulation calculated using Br and Se, respectively, were 26 and 31 μg/m 2

  4. Macrobenthic Biomass Relations in the Faroe-Shetland Channel: An Arctic-Atlantic Boundary Environment

    PubMed Central

    Narayanaswamy, Bhavani E.; Bett, Brian J.

    2011-01-01

    The Faroe-Shetland Channel, located in the NE Atlantic, ranges in depth from 0–1700 m and is an unusual deep-sea environment because of its complex and dynamic hydrographic regime, as well as having numerous different seafloor habitats. Macrofaunal samples have been collected on a 0.5 mm mesh sieve from over 300 stations in a wide area survey and on nested 0.5 and 0.25 mm mesh sieves along a specific depth transect. Contrary to general expectation, macrofauanl biomass in the Channel did not decline with increasing depth. When examined at phylum level, two main biomass patterns with depth were apparent: (a) polychaetes showed little change in biomass on the upper slope then increased markedly below 500 m to a depth of 1100 m before declining; and (b) other phyla showed enhanced biomass between 300–500 m. The polychaete response may be linked with a seafloor environment change to relatively quiescent hydrodynamic conditions and an increasing sediment mud content that occurs at c. 500 m. In contrast, the mid-slope enhancement of other phyla biomass may reflect the hydrodynamically active interface between the warm and cold water masses present in the Channel at c. 300–500 m. Again contrary to expectation, mean macrofaunal body size did not decline with depth, and the relative contribution of smaller (>0.25 mm<0.5 mm) to total (>0.25 mm) macrobenthos did not increase with depth. Overall our total biomass and average individual biomass estimates appear to be greater than those predicted from global analyses. It is clear that global models of benthic biomass distribution may mask significant variations at the local and regional scale. PMID:21526171

  5. Decadal variability in the composition of Faroe Shetland Channel bottom water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turrell, William R.; Slesser, George; Adams, Richard D.; Payne, Rodney; Gillibrand, Philip A.

    1999-01-01

    Two standard sections across the deep water channel separating the Faroese Plateau from the Scottish continental shelf have been surveyed regularly since the start of the 20th century. There have been significant changes in the characteristics of surface, intermediate and deep water masses during this period. At intermediate depths, the presence of Norwegian Sea Arctic Intermediate Water (NSAIW) was evident as a salinity minimum during the first decade of the century. During the decades 1960-1980 this salinity minimum disappeared, and only four water types were identified in the Channel. Since 1980 the salinity of the intermediate water has again decreased, due to changes in the atmospheric forcing over the Nordic Seas, and it is again evident on a θS curve as a distinct minimum. The salinity of the bottom water in the Channel has also decreased (0.01/decade) linearly since the mid-1970s, although at a slower rate than the intermediate water (0.02/decade). The decline in salinity of the bottom water cannot be accounted for by changes in the salinity of upper Norwegian Sea Deep Water (NSDW), which Faroe Shetland Channel Bottom Water (FSCBW) has traditionally been assumed to be composed of. There is evidence that the upper level of NSDW has become deeper outside the Channel owing to a reduced supply from the Greenland Sea. This has resulted in a change in the composition of FSCBW, from being approximately 60% NSDW during the period 1970-1985 to 40% NSDW since 1990. Thus, the thermohaline circulation of the Nordic Seas has lost its deep water connection. The associated freshening of FSCBW has propagated out through the Channel into the North Atlantic and has resulted in a reduction of the salinity (0.02/decade) and transport (1-7%/decade) of Iceland Scotland Overflow Water (ISOW) into the North Atlantic.

  6. 21 CFR 369.10 - Conspicuousness of warning statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Conspicuousness of warning statements. 369.10... (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INTERPRETATIVE STATEMENTS RE WARNINGS ON DRUGS AND DEVICES FOR OVER-THE-COUNTER SALE Definitions and Interpretations § 369.10 Conspicuousness of warning statements....

  7. 21 CFR 369.10 - Conspicuousness of warning statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Conspicuousness of warning statements. 369.10... (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INTERPRETATIVE STATEMENTS RE WARNINGS ON DRUGS AND DEVICES FOR OVER-THE-COUNTER SALE Definitions and Interpretations § 369.10 Conspicuousness of warning statements....

  8. 21 CFR 369.10 - Conspicuousness of warning statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Conspicuousness of warning statements. 369.10... (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INTERPRETATIVE STATEMENTS RE WARNINGS ON DRUGS AND DEVICES FOR OVER-THE-COUNTER SALE Definitions and Interpretations § 369.10 Conspicuousness of warning statements....

  9. 21 CFR 369.10 - Conspicuousness of warning statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Conspicuousness of warning statements. 369.10... (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INTERPRETATIVE STATEMENTS RE WARNINGS ON DRUGS AND DEVICES FOR OVER-THE-COUNTER SALE Definitions and Interpretations § 369.10 Conspicuousness of warning statements....

  10. 42 CFR 21.23 - False statements as disqualification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false False statements as disqualification. 21.23 Section 21.23 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PERSONNEL COMMISSIONED OFFICERS Appointment § 21.23 False statements as disqualification. Willfully false statements...

  11. 42 CFR 21.23 - False statements as disqualification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false False statements as disqualification. 21.23 Section 21.23 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PERSONNEL COMMISSIONED OFFICERS Appointment § 21.23 False statements as disqualification. Willfully false statements...

  12. 42 CFR 21.23 - False statements as disqualification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false False statements as disqualification. 21.23 Section 21.23 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PERSONNEL COMMISSIONED OFFICERS Appointment § 21.23 False statements as disqualification. Willfully false statements...

  13. 42 CFR 21.23 - False statements as disqualification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false False statements as disqualification. 21.23 Section 21.23 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PERSONNEL COMMISSIONED OFFICERS Appointment § 21.23 False statements as disqualification. Willfully false statements...

  14. Combining in-situ measurements and altimetry to estimate volume, heat and salt transport variability through the Faroe Shetland Channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berx, B.; Hansen, B.; Østerhus, S.; Larsen, K. M.; Sherwin, T.; Jochumsen, K.

    2013-01-01

    From 1994 to 2011, instruments measuring ocean currents (ADCPs) have been moored on a section crossing the Faroe-Shetland Channel. Together with CTD (Conductivity Temperature Depth) measurements from regular research vessel occupations, they describe the flow field and water mass structure in the channel. Here, we use these data to calculate the average volume transport and properties of the flow of warm water through the channel from the Atlantic towards the Arctic, termed the Atlantic inflow. We find the average volume transport of this flow to be 2.7 ± 0.5 Sv (1 Sv = 106 m3 s-1) between the shelf edge on the Faroe side and the 150 m isobath on the Shetland side. The average heat transport (relative to 0 °C) was estimated to be 107 ± 21 TW and the average salt import to be 98 ± 20 × 106 kg s-1. Transport values for individual months, based on the ADCP data, include a large level of variability, but can be used to calibrate sea level height data from satellite altimetry. In this way, a time series of volume transport has been generated back to the beginning of satellite altimetry in December 1992. The Atlantic inflow has a seasonal variation in volume transport that peaks around the turn of the year and has an amplitude of 0.7 Sv. The Atlantic inflow has become warmer and more saline since 1994, but no equivalent trend in volume transport was observed.

  15. Decreasing overflow from the Nordic seas into the Atlantic Ocean through the Faroe Bank channel since 1950.

    PubMed

    Hansen, B; Turrell, W R; Østerhus, S

    2001-06-21

    The overflow of cold, dense water from the Nordic seas, across the Greenland-Scotland ridge and into the Atlantic Ocean is the main source for the deep water of the North Atlantic Ocean. This flow also helps drive the inflow of warm, saline surface water into the Nordic seas. The Faroe Bank channel is the deepest path across the ridge, and the deep flow through this channel accounts for about one-third of the total overflow. Previous work has demonstrated that the overflow has become warmer and less saline over time. Here we show, using direct measurements and historical hydrographic data, that the volume flux of the Faroe Bank channel overflow has also decreased. Estimating the volume flux conservatively, we find a decrease by at least 20 per cent relative to 1950. If this reduction in deep flow from the Nordic seas is not compensated by increased flow from other sources, it implies a weakened global thermohaline circulation and reduced inflow of Atlantic water to the Nordic seas.

  16. WHO report. Breastfeeding, breast milk and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Statement from the Consultation held in Geneva, 23-25 June, 1987.

    PubMed

    1988-12-01

    The statement from the Consultation on Breastfeeding, Breast Milk, and HIV Infection, convened by the WHO Division of Family Health in June 1987, recommends breastfeeding or use of pasteurized pooled human milk in most cases. It is likely that most HIV infections in children were contracted before or during birth: it is estimated that 25-30% of babies born to HIV infected women will be infected themselves. The actual risk is unknown, but depends on several factors such as the timing of the mother's HIV infection, her immunologic and health status and her parity. Breast milk is known to confer immunologic, nutritional, psychosocial and child-spacing benefits, and probably helps to prevent the recurring infections that accelerate the progression of HIV-disease. The use of pooled human milk is preferred if mother's milk is unavailable. Donors should be screened, or if possible, tested for HIV. Wet-nurses should also be selected with care. When the mother is known to be infected with HIV, consideration should be given to the socioeconomic and ecological environment. If safe alternatives are not available, breastfeeding by the biological mother should continue to be the feeding method of choice, regardless of HIV infection status.

  17. Crustal architecture of the Faroe-Shetland Margin: insights from a newly merged high resolution gravity and magnetic dataset

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rippington, Stephen; Mazur, Stan; Anderson, Chris

    2014-05-01

    The Faroe-Shetland region is geologically complex; it has undergone several phases of extension and rifting since the middle Palaeozoic (Ritchie et al., 2011; Coward et al., 2003), culminating in the Eocene with continental breakup between Northwest Europe and Greenland (Gernigon et al., 2012). Final breakup may have been facilitated by the presence of the Iceland Plume and was accompanied by the emplacement of voluminous basaltic rocks, attributed to the North Atlantic Igneous Province (White and McKenzie, 1989). It is difficult to image beneath the thick Paleogene basalts in the region using conventional seismic methods, because the high impedance contrast between the sediments and shallow basalts causes strong reflections. These mask deeper and weaker reflections and cause prominent inter-bed multiples (White et al., 1999). Consequently, determining the location and shape of basins and basement highs, and elucidating the timing and manner of their formation, remains a major cause of uncertainty in the appraisal of the hydrocarbon potential of the region. Gravity and magnetic data record variations in the density and susceptibility of the entire crust. Consequently, the thick basalt piles that are shallow in the section do not hinder the ability to detect deeper features. Instead, the principal challenge is distinguishing superposed bodies, with different densities and susceptibilities, from the combined gravity and magnetic anomalies. In this study, seismic data and horizons from the shallow section are used in combination with gravity and magnetic data to produce map view interpretations, and 2D and 3D models of the crust in the Faroe-Shetland region. These models help distinguish important variations in timing of rifting in different basins, and reveal the crustal architecture of the Faroe-Shetland Basin from the seabed to the Moho. We present a new structural and kinematic interpretation of the geology of the region, and propose an asymmetric simple shear

  18. Substance Abuse. Policy Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Collaboration for Youth, Washington, DC.

    This paper presents the policy statement on substance abuse from the National Collaboration for Youth (NCY). The policy statement section lists programs and activities supported by the NCY. A section on background includes a statement of the issue of substance abuse. Areas examined in this section include alcohol abuse and drunk driving among…

  19. School Library Policy Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Instructional Resources Branch.

    The School Library Policy Statement for Manitoba schools begins with the mission statement of Manitoba Education and Training and the Goals of Learning for Manitoba. Statements of Manitoba's School Library Policy and the Philosophy of the School Library Program are also provided, together with an outline of the responsibilities of both Manitoba's…

  20. Antibacterial resistance in Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) from healthy carriers and tonsillitis patients and association with antibacterial sale in the Faroe Islands.

    PubMed

    Magnussen, Marita D; Gaini, Shahin; Gislason, Hannes; Kristinsson, Karl G

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the antibacterial resistance of Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS), and correlate the findings with the sales of erythromycin and tetracycline. General practitioners in the Faroe Islands were recruited to send oropharyngeal swabs. From an ongoing pneumococcal study, nasopharyngeal swabs were sampled from healthy children 0-7 years of age. Erythromycin susceptibility data from Iceland were obtained from the reference laboratory at the Landspitali University Hospital. Susceptibility testing in the Faroe Islands and Iceland was performed according to CLSI methods and criteria. The resistance rate to erythromycin and tetracycline found in patients in the Faroe Islands in 2009/2010 was 6% and 30% respectively. Tetracycline resistance in patients declined significantly from 2009 to 2010 (37-10%, p-value = 0.006 < 0.05) and differed significantly between age groups (p-value = 0.03 < 0.05). In Iceland, there was a peak in erythromycin resistance in 2008 (44%) and a substantial decrease in 2009 (5%). Although the prevalence of erythromycin and tetracycline resistance in the Faroe Islands and Iceland may be associated with antimicrobial use, sudden changes can occur with the introduction of new resistant clones.

  1. Agricultural Applications for Antimicrobials. A Danger to Human Health: An Official Position Statement of the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists.

    PubMed

    Aitken, Samuel L; Dilworth, Thomas J; Heil, Emily L; Nailor, Michael D

    2016-04-01

    The use of antibiotics in agriculture, particularly in food-producing animals, is pervasive and represents the overwhelming majority of antibiotic use worldwide. The link between antibiotic use in animals and antibiotic resistance in humans is unequivocal. Transmission can occur by ingesting undercooked meats harboring resistant bacteria, by direct contact of animals by animal handlers, and by various other means. Antibiotics used in aquaculture and antifungals used in horticulture are also an evolving threat to human health. Regulations aimed at decreasing the amount of antibiotics used in food production to limit the development of antibiotic resistance have recently been implemented. However, further action is needed to minimize antibiotic use in agriculture. This article describes the extent of this current problem and serves as the official position of the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists on this urgent threat to human health.

  2. Status of the FARO/KROTOS melt-coolant interactions tests

    SciTech Connect

    Magallon, D.; Huhtiniemi, I.; Annunziato, A.; Yerkess, A.; Hohmann, Y.H.

    1996-03-01

    Results of FARO test L-19 are reported. It involved 155 kg of 80 w% UO{sub 2}+20 w% ZrO{sub 2} at 3073 K quenched in 338-kg, 1-m-depth water at saturation at 5.0 MPa (i.e., 537 K). The test is compared with two former tests (L-06 and L-08) performed in similar conditions (1-m-depth water) but with reduced quantities of test (18 and 44 kg, respectively) and with test L-14, performed with a similar quantity of melt (125 kg) but in 2-m-depth water. No fundamental differences with the former tests have been observed. Particularly, the quenching rate per unit melt mass was of the same order (0.5 MW). On the contrary, the portion of melt which remained as a cake on the bottom was larger (50% against a maximum of 30% in the previous tests). The possible reasons for these discrepancies are discussed. Recalculations of test L-19 by using COMETA and TEXAS are also reported and commented. Results from a new set of KROTOS tests conducted with Al{sub 2}O{sub 2} to investigate further the differences already observed with corium melt are presented and discussed. In these tests the effect of men superheat, water subcooling and ambient pressure on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/water system behaviour have been tested. In contrast with corium experiments, the results demonstrated that spontaneous explosions occur in the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/water system over all the range of parameters tested in highly subcooled conditions. Some TEXAS results for the latest KROTOS Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} test, in which a violent steam explosion did occur, are presented and compared with experiment. During some KROTOS experiments there are large deformations of the bottom plate and hold-down bolts. Use is made of the 2-D axisymmetric code SEURBNUK-EURDYN to analyse these deformations of the test section and some results are presented.

  3. Biased thermohaline exchanges with the Arctic across the Iceland-Faroe Ridge in ocean climate models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olsen, S. M.; Hansen, B.; Østerhus, S.; Quadfasel, D.; Valdimarsson, H.

    2016-04-01

    The northern limb of the Atlantic thermohaline circulation and its transport of heat and salt towards the Arctic strongly modulate the climate of the Northern Hemisphere. The presence of warm surface waters prevents ice formation in parts of the Arctic Mediterranean, and ocean heat is directly available for sea-ice melt, while salt transport may be critical for the stability of the exchanges. Through these mechanisms, ocean heat and salt transports play a disproportionally strong role in the climate system, and realistic simulation is a requisite for reliable climate projections. Across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge (GSR) this occurs in three well-defined branches where anomalies in the warm and saline Atlantic inflow across the shallow Iceland-Faroe Ridge (IFR) have been shown to be particularly difficult to simulate in global ocean models. This branch (IF-inflow) carries about 40 % of the total ocean heat transport into the Arctic Mediterranean and is well constrained by observation during the last 2 decades but associated with significant inter-annual fluctuations. The inconsistency between model results and observational data is here explained by the inability of coarse-resolution models to simulate the overflow across the IFR (IF-overflow), which feeds back onto the simulated IF-inflow. In effect, this is reduced in the model to reflect only the net exchange across the IFR. Observational evidence is presented for a substantial and persistent IF-overflow and mechanisms that qualitatively control its intensity. Through this, we explain the main discrepancies between observed and simulated exchange. Our findings rebuild confidence in modelled net exchange across the IFR, but reveal that compensation of model deficiencies here through other exchange branches is not effective. This implies that simulated ocean heat transport to the Arctic is biased low by more than 10 % and associated with a reduced level of variability, while the quality of the simulated salt

  4. Chapel Hill bisphenol A expert panel consensus statement: Integration of mechanisms, effects in animals and potential to impact human health at current levels of exposure

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    vom Saal, Frederick S.; Akingbemi, Benson T.; Belcher, Scott M.; Birnbaum, Linda S.; Crain, D. Andrew; Eriksen, Marcus; Farabollini, Francesca; Guillette, Louis J.; Hauser, Russ; Heindel, Jerrold J.; Ho, Shuk-Mei; Hunt, Patricia A.; Iguchi, Taisen; Jobling, Susan; Kanno, Jun; Keri, Ruth A.; Knudsen, Karen E.; Laufer, Hans; LeBlanc, Gerald A.; Marcus, Michele; McLachlan, John A.; Myers, John Peterson; Nadal, Angel; Newbold, Retha R.; Olea, Nicolas; Prins, Gail S.; Richter, Catherine A.; Rubin, Beverly S.; Sonnenschein, Carlos; Soto, Ana M.; Talsness, Chris E.; Vandenbergh, John G.; Vanderberg, Laura N.; Walser-Kuntz, Debby R.; Watson, Cheryl S.; Welshons, Wade V.; Wetherill, Yelena; Zoeller, R. Thomas

    2007-01-01

    This document is a summary statement of the outcome from the meeting: “Bisphenol A: An Examination of the Relevance of Ecological, In vitro and Laboratory Animal Studies for Assessing Risks to Human Health” sponsored by both the NIEHS and NIDCR at NIH/DHHS, as well as the US-EPA and Commonweal on the estrogenic environmental chemical bisphenol A (BPA, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane; CAS# 80-05-7). The meeting was held in Chapel Hill, NC, 28–30 November 2006 due to concerns about the potential for a relationship between BPA and negative trends in human health that have occurred in recent decades. Examples include increases in abnormal penile/urethra development in males, early sexual maturation in females, an increase in neurobehavioral problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism, an increase in childhood and adult obesity and type 2 diabetes, a regional decrease in sperm count, and an increase in hormonally mediated cancers, such as prostate and breast cancers. Concern has been elevated by published studies reporting a relationship between treatment with “low doses” of BPA and many of theses negative health outcomes in experimental studies in laboratory animals as well as in vitro studies identifying plausible molecular mechanisms that could mediate such effects. Importantly, much evidence suggests that these adverse effects are occurring in animals within the range of exposure to BPA of the typical human living in a developed country, where virtually everyone has measurable blood, tissue and urine levels of BPA that exceed the levels produced by doses used in the “low dose” animal experiments.

  5. 75 FR 60757 - Office for Civil Rights; Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ... execution; (4) performance analysis and results management; (5) human resources activities, including... HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Office for Civil Rights; Statement of Organization, Functions..., Office of the Secretary, Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority for the...

  6. A Geochronological Approach To Reconstructing Sediment Pathways and Detecting Sediment Recycling In Palaeocene Sediments From The Faroes-shetland Region.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carter, A.; Sherlock, S.; Kelley, S.; Pickles, C.; Whitham, A.; Morton, A.

    The production and supply of sediments in the North Atlantic rift systems is likely to reflect a mixture of primary detritus and recycling of sediment from the continental shelf or earlier sediment production events. In the Faroe-Shetland region, the systems that supplied clastic material to basins, during the Late Cretaceous and Palaeocene, are poorly understood and the presence of a westerly sourced submarine fan system remains unproven. The production of sediments may have also been influenced by the arrival of the Iceland mantle plume, creating uplift and leading to reworking of pre-existing shelf sediments. Regional seismic and sedimentological data point to the Shetland Platform area as the most likely source, however, apatite fission track de- nudation chronologies based on outcrop samples from across Scotland and Shetland provide little evidence for accelerated erosion during the Early Tertiary. To better un- derstand the nature of the sediment routing systems and assess the level of sediment recycling we have studied the basin heavy mineral assemblages combined with high resolution detrital Ar-Ar mica and combined zircon fission track and U/Pb dating. Preliminary results show heavy mineral signatures consistent with a Shetland Platform source, with input from Lewisian and Moine/Dalradian basement and recycling from the Permo-Triassic and Devonian/Carboniferous basins. Data from 40Ar/39Ar single grain fusion laserprobe contain distinct age spectra characterised by a Caledonian peak of ~400 Ma, and a wide range of older ages between ~500-1900 Ma. Zircon fission track data are dominated by ages between~300-400 Ma. The dominance of grains with Caledonian ages is not surprising. The Caledonian orogeny was a major source of the sediments which now fill the North Sea, Vøring Basin and Faroes-Shetland Basin. However since the Caledonian was a source for sediments ranging from Devonian to the Paleogene we cannot use the presence of these ages to unambiguously

  7. [Human papillomavirus vaccine. Statement of the Advisory Committee of Immunizations on behalf of the Chilean Infectious Diseases Society. September 2008].

    PubMed

    Abarca, Katia; Valenzuela, M Teresa; Vergara, Rodrigo; Luchsinger, Vivian; Muñoz, Alma; Jiménez de la J, Jorge; Ripoll, Erna; O'Ryan, Miguel

    2008-11-01

    This article briefly reviews the epidemiology of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and associated diseases globally and in Chile, and the scientific information of the licensed HPV vaccines: Gardasil and Cervari. Considering the available information, the Advisory Committee on Immunizations of the Chilean Society of Infectious Diseases recommends vaccination of teenage girls, ideally before initiating sexual activity, i.e., approximately at the age of 12 to 13 years and vaccination of women of any age if they have not started sexual activity. If women are vaccinated after initiating sexual activity, they should be informed of the lower efficacy of immunization if HPV infection has occurred. Education on responsible sexuality and sexually transmitted diseases should be maintained as a priority. Vaccination should be highly considered for inclusion in the National Immunization Program.

  8. Expedition 40 Post Docking Statement

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-05-29

    Jean-Jacques Dordain, Director General of the European Space Agency, left, Oleg Ostapenko, General Director of the Russian Federal Space Agency, Roscosmos, center, and William Gerstenmaier, NASA Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations, right, are seen during a joint statement after the docking of the Soyuz TMA-13M spacecraft with the International Space Station on Thursday, May 29, 2014 at the Baikonur Hotel in Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  9. Legacy Pollutants are Declining in Great Skuas (Stercorarius skua) but Remain Higher in Faroe Islands than in Scotland.

    PubMed

    Hammer, Sjurdur; Nager, Ruedi G; Alonso, Sarah; McGill, Rona A R; Furness, Robert W; Dam, Maria

    2016-08-01

    To monitor environmental pollutants in Faroese biota, samples from a top predator were analysed and put into a spatial and temporal context. Analysis of 20 Great Skua eggs sampled in 2012 from the Faroe Islands showed >70 % lower concentrations of legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) than in samples analysed in 1977. The 2012 Faroese eggs showed higher concentrations than for eggs in Shetland from about the same period (2008). Eggshells were analysed for sub-lethal effects but there were no detectable effects of legacy POP levels on eggshell colour or thickness. A temporal decline in legacy POPs would indicate a reduction in the general pollutant levels present in the environment as has been shown in other areas of the North Atlantic, but there are significant geographic differences in POPs levels likely due to differences in diet resulting in significantly different exposures on a relatively limited spatial scale.

  10. Combining in situ measurements and altimetry to estimate volume, heat and salt transport variability through the Faroe-Shetland Channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berx, B.; Hansen, B.; Østerhus, S.; Larsen, K. M.; Sherwin, T.; Jochumsen, K.

    2013-07-01

    From 1994 to 2011, instruments measuring ocean currents (Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers; ADCPs) have been moored on a section crossing the Faroe-Shetland Channel. Together with CTD (Conductivity Temperature Depth) measurements from regular research vessel occupations, they describe the flow field and water mass structure in the channel. Here, we use these data to calculate the average volume transport and properties of the flow of warm water through the channel from the Atlantic towards the Arctic, termed the Atlantic inflow. We find the average volume transport of this flow to be 2.7 ± 0.5 Sv (1 Sv = 106 m3 s-1) between the shelf edge on the Faroe side and the 150 m isobath on the Shetland side. The average heat transport (relative to 0 °C) was estimated to be 107 ± 21 TW (1 TW = 1012 W) and the average salt import to be 98 ± 20 × 106 kg s-1. Transport values for individual months, based on the ADCP data, include a large level of variability, but can be used to calibrate sea level height data from satellite altimetry. In this way, a time series of volume transport has been generated back to the beginning of satellite altimetry in December 1992. The Atlantic inflow has a seasonal variation in volume transport that peaks around the turn of the year and has an amplitude of 0.7 Sv. The Atlantic inflow has become warmer and more saline since 1994, but no equivalent trend in volume transport was observed.

  11. Magnitude-frequency characteristics and preparatory factors for spatial debris-slide distribution in the northern Faroe Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dahl, Mads-Peter J.; Mortensen, Lis E.; Jensen, Niels H.; Veihe, Anita

    2013-04-01

    The Faroe Islands in the North Atlantic Ocean are highly susceptible to debris-avalanches and debris-flows originating from debris-slide activity in shallow colluvial soils. To provide data for hazard and risk assessment of debris-avalanches and debris-flows, this study aims at quantifying the magnitude and frequency of their debris-slide origins as well as identifying which preparatory factors are responsible for the spatial debris-slide distribution in the landscape. For that purpose a debris-slide inventory was generated from aerial photo interpretation (API), fieldwork and anecdotal sources, covering a 159 km2 study area in the northern Faroe Islands. A magnitude-cumulative frequency (MCF) curve was derived to predict magnitude dependant debris-slide frequencies, while preparatory factors responsible for spatial debris-slide distribution were quantified through GIS-supported discriminant function analysis (DFA). Nine factors containing geological (lithology, dip), geomorphological (slope angle, altitude, aspect, plan and profile curvature) and land use (infield/outfield, sheep density) information were included in the multivariate analysis. Debris-slides larger than 100 m2 with magnitude expressed as topographic scar area can be predicted from the power-law function: Y = 936.26X- 1.277, r2 = 0.98 while a physical explanation is preferred for the roll-over pattern of smaller slope failures. The DFA is able to correctly classify app. 70% of the modeled terrain units into their pre-determined stable/unstable groups. Preparatory factors responsible for the spatial debris-slide distribution are aspect, slope angle, sheep density, plan curvature and altitude, while influence of the remaining factors is negligible.

  12. The exchange of water between the Faroe Shelf and the surrounding waters and its effect on the primary production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eliasen, Sólvá Karadóttir; Hansen, Bogi; Larsen, Karin Margretha Húsgarð; Hátún, Hjálmar

    2016-01-01

    The interannual variation of the spring bloom and its effect on the marine ecosystem on the Faroe Shelf has been observed for a couple of decades. However, the mechanism controlling the spring bloom has so far not been known and attempts to explain the mechanism have mostly ruled out possibilities. The Faroe Shelf is to a variable degree isolated from the surrounding waters by a tidal front. It has previously been suggested that variations in the density difference across the front and how water masses are transferred across it affect the spring primary production, which is thought to be a driver of the shelf ecosystem. Using air-sea heat flux data and sea temperature observations on the shelf and off the shelf, we estimate the cross-frontal volume exchange in January-April and find that it increases with the tidal current speed and decreases with the cross-frontal temperature difference. Using the observed exchange rates, we show that the phytoplankton growth rate may be reduced by more than 0.05 day- 1 when the exchange is intense and off-shelf production is still low. Based on frontal dynamics theory, we suggest that the cross-frontal exchange rate in the above mentioned period is determined by the rate of vertical turbulent diffusion through the front. A simple theoretical model is found to support this hypothesis qualitatively as well as quantitatively. This supports that variations in horizontal exchange are an important controlling factor of the initial spring bloom and that the horizontal exchange during the winter can be determined by vertical turbulent diffusion. Our results will be relevant for the primary production in other similar systems of small geographical extent and also for other problems involving cross-shelf exchange, such as oil spill dispersal.

  13. Low-Ti basalts from the Faroe Islands constrain the early Iceland depleted plume component

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Søager, N.; Holm, P. M.

    2009-04-01

    . Therefore a plume origin for the NAEM component is more likely. In contrast to present day Icelandic lavas, very little mixing is detected between the high-Ti and low-Ti basalts and they form separate fields in most plots. This means they must have been generated and evolved separately, but if the NAEM component and the enriched components are all contained in the plume then why do they not mix? The low-Ti basalts are much more abundant on the Faroe Islands compared to the East Greenland side of the rift. This indicates some asymmetri in the plume or melting regime. References Blichert-Toft, J., Agranier, A., Andres, M., Kingsley, R., Schilling, J.G., Albarède, F., 2005: Geochemical segmentation of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge north of Iceland and ridge-hot spot interaction in the North Atlantic. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems vol. 6, 1. Ellam, R.M., Stuart, F.M., 2000: The Sub-lithospheric Source of North Atlantic Basalts: Evidence for, and Significance of, a Common End-member. Journal of Petrology 41, 7, 919-932. Hanan, B.B., Blichert-Toft, J, Kingsley, R., Schilling, J.G., 2000: Depleted Iceland mantle plume geochemical signature: Artifact of multicomponent mixing? Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems vol.1. Thirlwall, M.F., Gee, M.A.M., Taylor, R.N., Murton, B.J., 2004: Mantle components in Iceland and adjecent ridges investigated using douple-spike Pb isotope ratios. Geochimica et Cosmochimica acta, 68, 2, 361-386. New Sr, Nd, Hf and high precision Pb isotope analyses of 46 Faroese low-Ti lavas erupted at the rifting of the proto-North Atlantic ~56-55 Ma ago are presented. The low-Ti lavas are depleted, MORB-like basalts erupted close to the riftzone at the same time as enriched high-Ti basalts were erupted away from the rift . The low-Ti samples include a large proportion of high-MgO basalts and can be related by a common model of low-pressure fractionation. Fractionation correction to 13 % MgO shows only little variation in their primitive major element contents

  14. Beyond Maslow's culture-bound linear theory: a preliminary statement of the double-Y model of basic human needs.

    PubMed

    Yang, Kuo-Shu

    2003-01-01

    Maslow's theory of basic human needs is criticized with respect to two of its major aspects, unidimensional linearity and cross-cultural validity. To replace Maslow's linear theory, a revised Y model is proposed on the base of Y. Yu's original Y model. Arranged on the stem of the Y are Maslow's physiological needs (excluding sexual needs) and safety needs. Satisfaction of these needs is indispensable to genetic survival. On the left arm of the Y are interpersonal and belongingness needs, esteem needs, and the self-actualization need. The thoughts and behaviors required for the fulfillment of these needs lead to genetic expression. Lastly, on the right arm of the Y are sexual needs, childbearing needs, and parenting needs. The thoughts and behaviors entailed in the satisfaction of these needs result in genetic transmission. I contend that needs for genetic survival and transmission are universal and that needs for genetic expression are culture-bound. Two major varieties of culture-specific expression needs are distinguished for each of the three levels of needs on the left arm of the Y model. Collectivistic needs for interpersonal affiliation and belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization prevail in collectivist cultures like those found in East Asian countries. Individualistic needs are dominant in individualist cultures like those in North America and certain European nations. I construct two separate Y models, one for people in collectivist cultures and the other for those in individualist ones. In the first (the Yc model), the three levels of expression needs on the left arm are collectivistic in nature, whereas in the second (the Yi model), the three levels of needs on the left arm are individualistic in nature. Various forms of the double-Y model are formulated by conceptually combining the Yc and Yi models at the cross-cultural, crossgroup, and intra-individual levels. Research directions for testing the various aspects of the double-Y model are

  15. Expedition 40 Post Docking Statement

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-05-29

    William Gerstenmaier, NASA Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations, speaks during a joint statement with Jean-Jacques Dordain, Director General of the European Space Agency, and Oleg Ostapenko, General Director of the Russian Federal Space Agency, Roscosmos, following the docking of the Soyuz TMA-13M spacecraft with the International Space Station on Thursday, May 29, 2014 at the Baikonur Hotel in Baikonur, Kazakhstan. The three spoke on the importance of international cooperation in human spaceflight. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  16. Expedition 40 Post Docking Statement

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-05-29

    Jean-Jacques Dordain, Director General of the European Space Agency, left, Oleg Ostapenko, General Director of the Russian Federal Space Agency, Roscosmos, center, and William Gerstenmaier, NASA Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations, right, are seen during a joint statement after the docking of the Soyuz TMA-13M spacecraft with the International Space Station on Thursday, May 29, 2014 at the Baikonur Hotel in Baikonur, Kazakhstan. The three spoke on the importance of international cooperation in human spaceflight. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  17. Teaching Philosophy Statements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faryadi, Qais

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the rationale for my teaching philosophy. Using a personal perspective, I explain my objectives, mission, and vision in writing my philosophy of teaching statements. This article also creates a road map and reference points for educators who want to write their own teaching philosophy statements to help them make informed…

  18. Drug Free Campus Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casper Coll., WY.

    These three brief documents, a policy statement, a summary of pertinent laws on alcohol and illegal drugs, and a substance addiction specialist curriculum description, taken together describe the Casper College (Wyoming) drug and alcohol abuse prevention program. The policy statement briefly summarizes the health risks associated with drug and…

  19. Antibacterial Susceptibilities of Escherichia coli from Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in the Faroe Islands, Associations with Antibacterial Sales, and Comparison with Iceland and Denmark.

    PubMed

    Magnussen, Marita Debess; Gislason, Hannes; Gaini, Shahin; Kristinsson, Karl G

    2017-05-24

    Currently, data on Escherichia coli antibacterial susceptibilities in the Faroe Islands are lacking. The aim was to investigate the antibacterial susceptibilities of E. coli from patients with community-acquired urinary tract infections in the Faroe Islands, correlate with antibacterial sales, and compare with Iceland and Denmark. From 2009 to 2010 and in 2012, 12 general practitioners from the Faroe Islands were recruited to provide urine samples from patients. Antibacterial susceptibilities were determined by disc diffusion testing according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute methods and criteria. Logistic regression (quasibinomial) of the antibacterial resistance proportions versus mean sales during the period of 2008-2011 was used to determine association. Nonsusceptibility to at least 1 of the 14 antibacterial drugs investigated was found in 54% of the E. coli isolates and was most common to ampicillin (46%), followed by sulfamethoxazole (39%), trimethoprim (27%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (27%), and <10% to the remaining 10 antibiotics. The resistance prevalence did not change significantly with time. From logistic regression modeling, we find significant associations between antibacterial mean sales and antibacterial resistances. For the resistances in the Faroe Islands compared with data from Denmark and Iceland, we infer two groups of resistances indicating different responses-one steep and one gradual-to antibacterial sales. For these two groups, we find β1 = 4.77 (Std. Error = 0.624, p-value = 0.002) and β1 = 0.26 (Std. Error = 0.020, p-value = 4e-7) for the steep and gradual groups, respectively. This knowledge can potentially be used to predict and control the future increase in E. coli resistance with antibacterial sales.

  20. Human Factors Integration Requirements for Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFVs). Part 1: Guidance on Addressing the Human System Integration (HSI) Content of Statements of Operational Requirements (SORs)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-12-01

    REQUIREMENTS (SORs) by M. Greenley ·, H. Angel+, J. Brooks+, J. Kumagt Greenley & Associates Incorporated +Humansystems lncon’J’orated 111 Farquhar St...previous projects, including the SOR Spec Maker projects ( Greenley , Tack, Angel, and Webb 1998; Greenley , 1999a, Greenley , 1999b) and the Human Factors...Engineering Tools project ( Greenley , 1999c). Additional material reviewed included recent descriptions of the DRDB HSI Web Site (Vallerand 1999

  1. Contrasting basin architecture and rifting style of the Vøring Basin, offshore mid-Norway and the Faroe-Shetland Basin, offshore United Kingdom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schöpfer, Kateřina; Hinsch, Ralph

    2017-04-01

    The Vøring and the Faroe-Shetland basins are offshore deep sedimentary basins which are situated on the outer continental margin of the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Both basins are underlain by thinned continental crust whose structure is still debated. In particular the nature of the lower continental crust and the origin of high velocity bodies located at the base of the lower crust are a subject of discussion in recent literature. Regional interpretation of 2D and 3D seismic reflection data, combined with well data, suggest that both basins share several common features: (i) Pre-Cretaceous faults that are distributed across the entire basin width. (ii) Geometries of pre-Jurassic strata reflecting at least two extensional phases. (iii) Three common rift phases, Late Jurassic, Campanian-Maastrichtian and Palaeocene. (iv) Large pre-Cretaceous fault blocks that are buried by several kilometres of Cretaceous and Cenozoic strata. (iii). (v) Latest Cretaceous/Palaeocene inversion. (vi) Occurrence of partial mantle serpentinization during Early Cretaceous times, as proposed by other studies, seems improbable. The detailed analysis of the data, however, revealed significant differences between the two basins: (i) The Faroe-Shetland Basin was a fault-controlled basin during the Late Jurassic but also the Late Cretaceous extensional phase. In contrast, the Vøring Basin is dominated by the late Jurassic rifting and subsequent thermal subsidence. It exhibits only minor Late Cretaceous faults that are localised above intra-basinal and marginal highs. In addition, the Cretaceous strata in the Vøring Basin are folded. (ii) In the Vøring Basin, the locus of Late Cretaceous rifting shifted westwards, affecting mainly the western basin margin, whereas in the Faroe-Shetland Basin Late Cretaceous rifting was localised in the same area as the Late Jurassic phase, hence masking the original Jurassic geometries. (iii) Devono-Carboniferous and Aptian/Albian to Cenomanian rift phases

  2. The Subject of Data in Submissions to the CLCS: Documenting the outer limits of the Northern Continental Shelf of the Faroe Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vang Heinesen, Martin; Mørk, Finn

    2017-04-01

    The first partial submissions made by the Kingdom of Denmark, in respect of the continental shelf north of the Faroe Islands (North Faroe Margin, NFM), was submitted to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in April 2009 as the result of 7 years of preparation which also included 4 additional continental shelf regions around the Faroe Islands and Greenland, on which individual partial submissions were made subsequently. The NFM covers parts of the NW European continental margin, it continues onto the Faroe-Iceland Ridge and the extinct Ægir (spreading) Ridge and overlaps with the continental margin of Iceland and Norway in the sediment rich Ægir Basin located between the European margin to the south and south-east, and the Jan Mayen Micro-continental margin to the west and north-west. Prior to the onset of the continental shelf project of the Kingdom of Denmark, arrangements had already been made with Norway and Iceland regarding the sharing of existing data and acquisition of new seismic data in the overlapping regions. Before that, the main database in the area included a comprehensive multi-beam bathymetric data set covering large parts of the Ægir Ridge with scattered single beam bathymetric lines in the remaining regions. It also comprised a number of single- and multi-channel seismic lines and a long refraction seismic line transecting the entire eastern part of the basin, from the Norwegian shelf to the Ægir Ridge, in addition to local side scan sonar and regional potential field data. During the project, additional high quality multi-channel seismic data, extensive multi-beam bathymetric data, and a comprehensive high resolution aeromagnetic dataset were acquired, allowing detailed mapping of the morphological and geological nature of the margin, including accurate identification of the base of the continental slope and mapping of the sediment thickness and sediment continuation in the basin. This data proved to be crucial for the

  3. Estimating harvested rainwater at greenhouses in south Portugal aquifer Campina de Faro for potential infiltration in Managed Aquifer Recharge.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Costa, Luís; Monteiro, José Paulo; Leitão, Teresa; Lobo-Ferreira, João Paulo; Oliveira, Manuel; Martins de Carvalho, José; Martins de Carvalho, Tiago; Agostinho, Rui

    2015-04-01

    The Campina de Faro (CF) aquifer system, located on the south coast of Portugal, is an important source of groundwater, mostly used for agriculture purposes. In some areas, this multi-layered aquifer is contaminated with high concentration of nitrates, possibly arising from excessive usage of fertilizers, reaching to values as high as 300 mg/L. In order to tackle this problem, Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) techniques are being applied at demonstration scale to improve groundwater quality through aquifer recharge, in both infiltration basins at the river bed of ephemeral river Rio Seco and existing traditional large diameter wells located in this aquifer. In order to assess the infiltration capacity of the existing infrastructures, in particular infiltration basins and large diameter wells at CF aquifer, infiltration tests were performed, indicating a high infiltration capacity of the existing infrastructures. Concerning the sources of water for recharge, harvested rainwater at greenhouses was identified in CF aquifer area as one of the main potential sources for aquifer recharge, once there is a large surface area occupied by these infrastructures at the demo site. This potential source of water could, in some cases, be redirected to the large diameter wells or to the infiltration basins at the riverbed of Rio Seco. Estimates of rainwater harvested at greenhouses were calculated based on a 32 year average rainfall model and on the location of the greenhouses and their surface areas, the latter based on aerial photograph. Potential estimated annual rainwater intercepted by greenhouses at CF aquifer accounts an average of 1.63 hm3/year. Nonetheless it is unlikely that the totality of this amount can be harvested, collected and redirected to aquifer recharge infrastructures, for several reasons, such as the lack of appropriate greenhouse infrastructures, conduits or a close location between greenhouses and large diameter wells and infiltration basins. Anyway, this

  4. DSCOVR Public Release Statement

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2016-11-23

    ... DSCOVR Public Release Statement Wednesday, July 20, 2016 The Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) is a ... is limited to the near infrared solar reflected signal. The fourth detector is a high signal-to-noise photodiode spanning UV, Visible, and ...

  5. Aljoya Consensus Statement

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    A consensus statement of 100 experts meeting at the Aljoya Conference Center in Seattle, Washington in July 2000 for the First International Conference on Trans-Pacific Transport of Atmospheric Contaminants.

  6. Environmental Impact Statements Defended

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1976

    1976-01-01

    Discusses a government report that claims that government decision making has improved since federal agencies have been required to submit any proposed action in the form of an environmental impact statement for comments by the public and other agencies. (MLH)

  7. 21 CFR 861.5 - Statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Statement of policy. 861.5 Section 861.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMANCE STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT General § 861.5 Statement of policy. In carrying out...

  8. 21 CFR 201.6 - Drugs; misleading statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drugs; misleading statements. 201.6 Section 201.6 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.6 Drugs; misleading statements. (a) Among...

  9. 21 CFR 720.6 - Amendments to statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.6 Amendments to statement... a cosmetic product should be submitted by filing an amended Form FDA 2512 within 60 days after the...

  10. 21 CFR 720.6 - Amendments to statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.6 Amendments to statement... a cosmetic product should be submitted by filing an amended Form FDA 2512 within 60 days after the...

  11. 21 CFR 720.6 - Amendments to statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.6 Amendments to statement... a cosmetic product should be submitted by filing an amended Form FDA 2512 within 60 days after the...

  12. 21 CFR 720.6 - Amendments to statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.6 Amendments to statement... a cosmetic product should be submitted by filing an amended Form FDA 2512 within 60 days after the...

  13. 21 CFR 861.5 - Statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Statement of policy. 861.5 Section 861.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMANCE STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT General § 861.5 Statement of policy. In carrying out...

  14. 21 CFR 861.5 - Statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Statement of policy. 861.5 Section 861.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMANCE STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT General § 861.5 Statement of policy. In carrying out...

  15. 21 CFR 861.5 - Statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Statement of policy. 861.5 Section 861.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMANCE STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT General § 861.5 Statement of policy. In carrying out...

  16. 21 CFR 201.6 - Drugs; misleading statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Drugs; misleading statements. 201.6 Section 201.6 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.6 Drugs; misleading statements. (a)...

  17. 21 CFR 201.6 - Drugs; misleading statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Drugs; misleading statements. 201.6 Section 201.6 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.6 Drugs; misleading statements. (a)...

  18. 21 CFR 201.10 - Drugs; statement of ingredients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Drugs; statement of ingredients. 201.10 Section 201.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.10 Drugs; statement of ingredients. (a)...

  19. 21 CFR 201.10 - Drugs; statement of ingredients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Drugs; statement of ingredients. 201.10 Section 201.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.10 Drugs; statement of ingredients. (a)...

  20. 21 CFR 201.10 - Drugs; statement of ingredients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Drugs; statement of ingredients. 201.10 Section 201.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.10 Drugs; statement of ingredients. (a)...

  1. 21 CFR 201.10 - Drugs; statement of ingredients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Drugs; statement of ingredients. 201.10 Section 201.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.10 Drugs; statement of ingredients. (a)...

  2. 21 CFR 201.6 - Drugs; misleading statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Drugs; misleading statements. 201.6 Section 201.6 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.6 Drugs; misleading statements. (a)...

  3. 21 CFR 201.6 - Drugs; misleading statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Drugs; misleading statements. 201.6 Section 201.6 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.6 Drugs; misleading statements. (a)...

  4. 21 CFR 201.55 - Statement of dosage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Statement of dosage. 201.55 Section 201.55 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING Labeling Requirements for Prescription Drugs and/or Insulin § 201.55 Statement of...

  5. 21 CFR 201.55 - Statement of dosage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Statement of dosage. 201.55 Section 201.55 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING Labeling Requirements for Prescription Drugs and/or Insulin § 201.55 Statement of...

  6. 21 CFR 720.6 - Amendments to statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.6 Amendments to statement... a cosmetic product should be submitted by filing an amended Form FDA 2512 within 60 days after the...

  7. Art in the Mainstream: A Statement of Value and Commitment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Edmund Burke

    1982-01-01

    Presents and discusses the reasoning behind the National Art Education Association's position statement, "Art in the Mainstream." The statement is intended to clarify the wider value of art education. Art education is essential in developing positive attitudes toward work, in enhancing literacy, and in increasing understanding of human values. (AM)

  8. 21 CFR 1.24 - Exemptions from required label statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Exemptions from required label statements. 1.24 Section 1.24 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL... are granted from label statements required by this part: (a) Foods. (1) While held for sale, a food...

  9. 21 CFR 861.5 - Statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Statement of policy. 861.5 Section 861.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMANCE STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT General § 861.5 Statement of policy. In carrying out its...

  10. Stability and forcing of the Iceland-Faroe inflow of water, heat, and salt to the Arctic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, B.; Hátún, H.; Kristiansen, R.; Olsen, S. M.; Østerhus, S.

    2010-07-01

    The flow of Atlantic water across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge (Atlantic inflow) is critical for conditions in the Nordic Seas and Arctic Ocean by importing heat and salt. Here, we present a decade-long series of measurements from the Iceland-Faroe inflow branch (IF-inflow), which carries almost half the total Atlantic inflow. The observations show no significant trend in volume transport of Atlantic water, but temperature and salinity increased during the observational period. On shorter time scales, the observations show considerable variations but no statistically significant seasonal variation is observed and even weekly averaged transport values were consistently uni-directional from the Atlantic into the Nordic Seas. Combining transport time-series with sea level height from satellite altimetry and wind stress reveals that the force driving the IF-inflow across the topographic barrier of the Ridge is mainly generated by a pressure gradient that is due to a continuously maintained low sea level in the Southern Nordic Seas. This links the IF-inflow to the estuarine and thermohaline processes that generate outflow from the Nordic Seas and lower its sea level. The IF-inflow is an important component of the system coupling the Arctic region to the North Atlantic through the thermohaline circulation, which has been predicted to weaken in the 21st century. Our observations show no indication of weakening, as yet.

  11. Stability and forcing of the Iceland-Faroe inflow of water, heat, and salt to the Arctic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, B.; Hátún, H.; Kristiansen, R.; Olsen, S. M.; Østerhus, S.

    2010-12-01

    The flow of Atlantic water across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge (Atlantic inflow) is critical for conditions in the Nordic Seas and Arctic Ocean by importing heat and salt. Here, we present a decade-long series of measurements from the Iceland-Faroe inflow branch (IF-inflow), which carries almost half the total Atlantic inflow. The observations show no significant trend in volume transport of Atlantic water, but temperature and salinity increased during the observational period. On shorter time scales, the observations show considerable variations but no statistically significant seasonal variation is observed and even weekly averaged transport values were consistently uni-directional from the Atlantic into the Nordic Seas. Combining transport time-series with sea level height from satellite altimetry and wind stress reveals that the force driving the IF-inflow across the topographic barrier of the Ridge is mainly generated by a pressure gradient that is due to a continuously maintained low sea level in the Southern Nordic Seas. This implies that the relative stability of the IF-inflow derives from the processes that lower the sea level by generating outflow from the Nordic Seas, especially the thermohaline processes that generate overflow. The IF-inflow is an important component of the system coupling the Arctic region to the North Atlantic through the thermohaline circulation, which has been predicted to weaken in the 21st century. Our observations show no indication of weakening.

  12. Simulating pathways of subsurface oil in the Faroe-Shetland Channel using an ocean general circulation model.

    PubMed

    Main, C E; Yool, A; Holliday, N P; Popova, E E; Jones, D O B; Ruhl, H A

    2017-01-15

    Little is known about the fate of subsurface hydrocarbon plumes from deep-sea oil well blowouts and their effects on processes and communities. As deepwater drilling expands in the Faroe-Shetland Channel (FSC), oil well blowouts are a possibility, and the unusual ocean circulation of this region presents challenges to understanding possible subsurface oil pathways in the event of a spill. Here, an ocean general circulation model was used with a particle tracking algorithm to assess temporal variability of the oil-plume distribution from a deep-sea oil well blowout in the FSC. The drift of particles was first tracked for one year following release. Then, ambient model temperatures were used to simulate temperature-mediated biodegradation, truncating the trajectories of particles accordingly. Release depth of the modeled subsurface plumes affected both their direction of transport and distance travelled from their release location, and there was considerable interannual variability in transport. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  13. Age trends and reproductive transfer of organochlorine compounds in long-finned pilot whales from the Faroe Islands.

    PubMed

    Borrell, A; Bloch, D; Desportes, G

    1995-01-01

    Total DDT and PCB concentrations were determined in blubber of 130 long-finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas (100 females and 30 males) from the Faroe Islands (northern north-east Atlantic). In males and immature females no relation was observed between age and organochlorine concentrations or the ratio of tDDT (total DDT)/PCB; in contrast, concentrations and ratios in mature females declined with age, which is attributed to reproductive transfer to their offspring during gestation and lactation. Relative abundance of DDE respective to tDDT increased in males and young females and decreased in mature females. Organochlorine transfer to offspring during lactation was found to represent about 60-100% of the mother's body load, while that occurring during gestation was estimated to be much lower, in the range 4-10% of mother's body load. Transfer rates tended to decrease with mother's age and were, consequently, much higher in primiparous females than in those that had already given birth. Transplacental rates were found to be consistent with the ratio between mother's body weight and neonatal body weight.

  14. 76 FR 47216 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations... RR-20, Functions (1) Delete the functional statement for the Division of Vaccine Injury Compensation...

  15. 75 FR 58416 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations... Operations (RU11). Section RU-20, Functions (1) Delete the functional statement for the Bureau of Clinician...

  16. 78 FR 16514 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations..., Functions (1) Delete the functional statement for the Office of Training and Technical Assistance...

  17. 7 CFR 520.7 - Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS... § 520.7 Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). (a) Actions requiring EIS. An EIS will... affecting the quality of the human environment. In the experience of ARS, an environmental impact statement...

  18. 21 CFR 801.15 - Medical devices; prominence of required label statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Medical devices; prominence of required label statements. 801.15 Section 801.15 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...; prominence of required label statements. (a) A word, statement, or other information required by or...

  19. 7 CFR 520.7 - Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS... § 520.7 Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). (a) Actions requiring EIS. An EIS will... affecting the quality of the human environment. In the experience of ARS, an environmental impact statement...

  20. 76 FR 4703 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part F of the Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority for..., 2010) and Part A, Office of the Secretary, Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations...

  1. Implementation and validation of a current model system in the greatest sound in the North East Atlantic archipelago of the Faroe Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vagsheyg Erenbjerg, Sissal; Albretsen, Jon; Asplin, Lars; Joensen, Erna; Sandvik, Anne; Simonsen, Knud; Kaas, Eigil

    2017-04-01

    The location of the Faroe Islands on the Greenland-Scotland ridge puts the oceanography on the boundary of deep water and shelf and fjord dynamics. This placement in close proximity of the deep ocean currents, important for heat transport towards the Arctic, makes the Faroe Islands higly exposed to climate change. Therefore it is important to understand the interaction of deep water oceanography and fjord dynamics in general, to be able to predict potential impact, due to changes in ocean parameters. The Faroe Islands consist of 18 islands. The topographic characteristics are typical for an ice sheet shaped land surface with long and slim islands, steep mountain sides divided by narrow and relatively deep fjords. This highly complex topography is greatly influenced by wind conditions. Sundalagið separates the two largest islands: Streymoy and Eysturoy and has three fjordarms and two main basins. The northern part (SUN) is 15km long and 100m-1.6km wide. The sound is bound to the north by a 9m deep sill. Towards the south by a narrowing of a 100 meter wide and around four meter deep sill, depending on tidal conditions. The southern part (SUS) is not as clearly constricted but contains three major basins with depths ranging from 70-100m (Hansen et al., 1990). We have implemented a nested model system using high resolution bathymetry in the fjords and the entire shelf as well as the open-source hydrodynamical model ROMS (Regional Ocean Modeling System, http://myroms.org). The Faroe Islands model applications are using triply, one way nested grids with 800 → 160 → 32 meter resolutions in the horizontal. This gives us the opportunity to both simulate the deep water oceanography applying 800m resolution as well as the dynamics in the shallow regions using finer resolution models. A particular interest in the area is the influence of the tidal regime. In SUN the tidal dynamics are quite limited due to the location of an amphidromeice point in the Nolsoy fjord (M2

  2. Position Statements, Issue Briefs, Resolutions and Consensus Statements. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of School Nurses (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article presents position statements, issue briefs, and resolutions and consensus statements of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN). The Position Statements include: (1) Allergy/Anaphylaxis Management in the School Setting; (2) Caseload Assignments; (3) Child Mortality in the School Setting; (4) Chronic Health Conditions, Managed…

  3. Rapid vegetation change during the early Holocene in the Faroe Islands detected in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hannon, Gina E.; Bradshaw, Richard H. W.; Wastegård, Stefan

    2003-10-01

    High-resolution pollen, plant macrofossil and sedimentary analyses from early Holocene lacustrine sediments on the Faroe Islands have detected a significant vegetation perturbation suggesting a rapid change in climate between ca. 10 380 cal. yr BP and the Saksunarvatn ash (10 240+/-60 cal. yr BP). This episode may be synchronous with the decline in 18O values in the Greenland ice-cores. It also correlates with a short, cold event detected in marine cores from the North Atlantic that has been ascribed to a weakening of thermohaline circulation associated with the sudden drainage of Lake Agassiz into the northwest Atlantic, or, alternatively, a period with distinctly decreased solar forcing.The vegetation sequence begins at ca. 10 500 cal. yr BP with a succession from tundra to shrub-tundra and increasing lake productivity. Rapid population increases of aquatic plants suggest high summer temperatures between 10 450 and 10 380 cal. yr BP. High pollen percentages, concentrations and influx of Betula, Juniperus and Salix together with macrofossil leaves indicate shrub growth around the site during the initial phases of vegetation colonisation. Unstable conditions followed ca. 10 380 cal. yr BP that changed both the upland vegetation and the aquatic plant communities. A decrease in percentage values of shrub pollen is recorded, with replacement of both aquatics and herbaceous plants by pioneer plant communities. An increase in total pollen accumulation rates not seen in the concentration data suggests increased sediment delivery. The catchment changes are consistent with less seasonal, moister conditions. Subsequent climatic amelioration reinitiated a warmth-driven succession and catchment stabilisation, but retained high precipitation levels influencing the composition of the post-event communities. Copyright

  4. The decomposition of the Faroe-Shetland Channel water masses using Parametric Optimum Multi-Parameter analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McKenna, C.; Berx, B.; Austin, W. E. N.

    2016-01-01

    The Faroe-Shetland Channel (FSC) is an important conduit for the poleward flow of Atlantic water towards the Nordic Seas and, as such, it plays an integral part in the Atlantic's thermohaline circulation. Mixing processes in the FSC are thought to result in an exchange of properties between the channel's inflow and outflow, with wider implications for this circulation; the nature of this mixing in the FSC is, however, uncertain. To constrain this uncertainty, we used a novel empirical method known as Parametric Optimum Multi-Parameter (POMP) analysis to objectively quantify the distribution of water masses in the channel in May 2013. This was achieved by using a combination of temperature and salinity measurements, as well as recently available nutrient and δ18O measurements. The outcomes of POMP analysis are in good agreement with established literature and demonstrate the benefits of representing all five water masses in the FSC. In particular, our results show the recirculation of Modified North Atlantic Water in the surface layers, and the pathways of Norwegian Sea Arctic Intermediate Water and Norwegian Sea Deep Water from north to south for the first time. In a final step, we apply the mixing fractions from POMP analysis to decompose the volume transport through the FSC by water mass. Despite a number of caveats, our study suggests that improved estimates of the volume transport of Atlantic inflow towards the Arctic and, thus, the associated poleward fluxes of salt and heat are possible. A new prospect to more accurately monitor the strength of the FSC branch of the thermohaline circulation emerges from this study.

  5. Be Vigilant on Financial Statements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freed, DeBow

    2002-01-01

    Highlights areas on university's financial statements that warrant careful review by trustees and suggests ways they can check to see whether an institution's financial statements are clear and valid indicators of its financial status. (EV)

  6. Be Vigilant on Financial Statements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freed, DeBow

    2002-01-01

    Highlights areas on university's financial statements that warrant careful review by trustees and suggests ways they can check to see whether an institution's financial statements are clear and valid indicators of its financial status. (EV)

  7. Youth Employment. Policy Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Collaboration for Youth, Washington, DC.

    This paper presents the policy statement on youth employment from the National Collaboration for Youth (NCY). An introduction briefly explains the role of the NCY with regard to youth employment and describes the types of programs and services supported by NCY. A section on background provides statistics on teenagers and employment from the Bureau…

  8. Relatives' Responsibility; Policy Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Foundation for the Blind, New York, NY.

    Presented by the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) are background information and a policy statement on responsibility laws pertaining to relatives of applicants for public assistance. The laws are said to date to the Elizabethan Poor Laws, to vary state to state, and to mandate eligibility for public assistance on requirements of residence,…

  9. Sustainability Statement and Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This article presents nine resources that focus on environmental education and sustainability. These include: (1) "Sustainability Statement and Policy," Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia, Canada, 2009, which is available at http://office.sustainability.dal.ca/Governance; (2) "Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate…

  10. Sustainability Statement and Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This article presents nine resources that focus on environmental education and sustainability. These include: (1) "Sustainability Statement and Policy," Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia, Canada, 2009, which is available at http://office.sustainability.dal.ca/Governance; (2) "Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate…

  11. Environmental Impact Statements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pietz, Reuel Henry

    The paper explores the role of geographers in preparing environmental impact statements (EISs). In 1969 the National Environmental Policy Act mandated that an EIS be prepared for every legislative proposal that significantly affects the environmental quality. EISs must be prepared by interdisciplinary teams representing natural and social sciences…

  12. Peer review statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2017-09-01

    Peer review statement All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  13. Institutional VVM Statements on Websites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calder, Wm. B.

    2011-01-01

    Educational leaders rely on compelling statements of institutional beliefs, strategic direction, and purpose (i.e., values, vision, and mission statements or VVM statements) as the three major pillars by which to launch new program/service initiatives, to enhance academic and administrative operations, and to chart sustainable options in building…

  14. 3 CFR - Presidential Signing Statements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... issued statements addressing constitutional or other legal questions upon signing bills into law (signing statements). Particularly since omnibus bills have become prevalent, signing statements have often been used... veto of the entire bill. In recent years, there has been considerable public discussion and criticism...

  15. Priorities Statements of Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    Each year since 1994, the 52 community colleges in Illinois prepare priority statements detailing specific college objectives for the current fiscal year (FY). This report provides the third update of the colleges' statements, covering FY 1998. Brief statements, from one to four pages, are provided for the following colleges: Belleville Area…

  16. Institutional VVM Statements on Websites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calder, Wm. B.

    2011-01-01

    Educational leaders rely on compelling statements of institutional beliefs, strategic direction, and purpose (i.e., values, vision, and mission statements or VVM statements) as the three major pillars by which to launch new program/service initiatives, to enhance academic and administrative operations, and to chart sustainable options in building…

  17. Preliminary screening of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other fluorochemicals in fish, birds and marine mammals from Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

    PubMed

    Bossi, Rossana; Riget, Frank F; Dietz, Rune; Sonne, Christian; Fauser, Patrik; Dam, Maria; Vorkamp, Katrin

    2005-07-01

    Extensive screening analyses of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and related perfluorinated compounds in biota samples from all over the world have identified PFOS as a global pollutant and have shown its bioaccumulation into higher trophic levels in the food chain. Perfluorinated compounds have been found in remote areas as the Arctic. In this study a preliminary screening of PFOS and related compounds has been performed in liver samples of fish, birds and marine mammals from Greenland and the Faroe Islands. PFOS was the predominant fluorochemical in the biota analyzed, followed by perfluorooctane sulfonamide (PFOSA). PFOS was found at concentrations above LOQ (10 ng/g wet weight) in 13 out of 16 samples from Greenland and in all samples from the Faroe Islands. The results from Greenland showed a biomagnification of PFOS along the marine food chain (shorthorn sculpin < ringed seal < polar bear). The greatest concentration of PFOS was found in liver of polar bear from east Greenland (mean: 1285 ng/g wet weight, n = 2). The geographical distribution of perfluorinated compounds in Greenland was similar to that of persistent organohalogenated compounds (OHCs), with the highest concentrations in east Greenland, indicating a similar geographical distribution to that of OHCs, with higher concentrations in east Greenland than in west Greenland.

  18. iSIMM (Integrated Seismic Imaging and Modelling of Margins): Seismic Acquisition on the Faroes Shelf, Hatton Bank and adjacent Continental Margins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, B.; Kusznir, N.; Christie, P.; Roberts, A. M.; Lunnon, Z.; Roberts, A. W.; Hurst, N.; Smith, L.; Parkin, C.; Surendra, A.; Davies, A.

    2002-12-01

    The iSIMM project is using state-of-the art seismic techniques with long-offset and wide-angle data, to image the crust formed on volcanic continental margins in parallel with developing and testing new quantitative models of rifted margin formation, incorporating heterogeneous stretching, the effects of melt generation and emplacement and varying thermal anomalies in the mantle. During June-July 2002, we used RRS Discovery to acquire wide angle and normal incidence seismic data on the Faroes Shelf and adjacent continental margin, Hatton-Rockall Basin, Hatton Bank and the adjacent oceanic crust using OBS and MCS. In August 2002, WesternGeco's Topaz used three single-sensor, Q-Marine streamers, 12km plus two 4km, to overshoot the wide-angle profiles on the Faroes Shelf and adjacent continental margin. In the Faroes region we deployed 85 4-component ocean bottom seismometers (OBS) and 5 vertical arrays along a 350km-long profile extending from the Faroes-Shetland Channel across the Faroes Shelf and continental margin into the oceanic crust of the Norwegian Sea. The entire profile was shot twice. First with a 6,300 cubic inch airgun array towed at 20 m depth and tuned to enhance the initial peak output pressure pulse. Second, with the airguns reconfigured to enhance the low-frequency bubble waveform, producing a source rich in low frequency energy (centred on 10-12 Hz), and with a broad bandwidth. Shots were spaced at either 75 m or 100 m, giving shot repetition rates in excess of 60 secs, thus avoiding contaminating with wrap-round energy from the previous shot. The Q-Marine acquisition used a 48-gun, 10,170 cu. in. airgun array, also tuned to enhance the low-frequency bubble signature, shooting at 50m/20s intervals and recorded on individual sensors for optimal grouping. The streamer configuration provides swath coverage at shorter offsets, while the long offsets record diving waves and wide-angle reflections. Shot-by-shot source signature recording will facilitate

  19. Statement of Intent

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walter, Charmian

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of writing a charter is to show adult learners that the people providing learning for them are willing to sign up publicly to a statement of their entitlement to the very best quality of information, guidance, teaching and support--and not only to sign up to it, but to be ready to be called to account if they do not live up to the…

  20. Constraints on the Age of Continental Rifting and NE Atlantic "Break-Up" using U-Pb Geochronology of Fault-Hosted Calcite Mineralisation: Faroe Islands, European Atlantic Margin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walker, R. J.; Roberts, N. M. W.

    2014-12-01

    Continental basins located along the European Atlantic volcanic passive margin are an increasingly important setting for hydrocarbon exploration. Several recent offshore and onshore studies in the Faroe-Shetland Basin have shown that many faults cut part, or all of the Palaeogene lava sequences together with the rocks in the underlying sedimentary basins. These lava-hosted faults have the potential to act both as fluid traps or migration pathways for hydrocarbon accumulations originating at depth below the volcanic pile. Mapping and structural analysis of calcite-mineralized fault sets developed in the Faroe Islands Basalt Group show systematic cross-cutting relationships, which can be fit to a relative chronology of deformation events that record a multi-phase rift-reorientation through time. The geometry and kinematics of structures recorded on the Faroe Islands indicate that they are coeval with the onset of segmented oceanic-spreading on the Reykjanes, Aegir, and Mohns ridges, currently dated at about 54-51 Ma. This age is regionally poorly constrained, utilizing relative ages of oceanic magnetochrons, in a region where magnetochrons are ambiguous. We present new age constraints for initial continental separation, using U-Pb geochronology of crack-seal calcite veins in the Faroe Islands. Calcite grains were selected for each rift-fault set, and analyzed using LA-ICP-MS. Samples were screened to find closed-system material with abundant uranium, and analyzed for alteration using BSE, CL and charge-coat imaging with an SEM. Initial results reveal that although rift-fault kinematics are consistent with the onset of oceanic spreading, the U-Pb ages are much younger than magnetochron (54 Ma) break-up ages, and imply that oceanic spreading had not established in the Faroes region of the margin until at least 45 Ma. This new data is consistent with models for a remnant continental land bridge linking Greenland and Eurasia well into the Eocene.

  1. Contrasting retinoid and thyroid hormone status in differentially-contaminated northern fulmar colonies from the Canadian Arctic, Svalbard and the Faroe Islands.

    PubMed

    Verreault, Jonathan; Helgason, Lisa B; Gabrielsen, Geir W; Dam, Maria; Braune, Birgit M

    2013-02-01

    The northern fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) has previously been shown to accumulate a wide range, and occasionally high concentrations of organochlorines (OCs) (e.g., PCBs, chlorobenzenes, DDT- and chlordane-related compounds, dioxins and furans). The present study aimed to investigate, using a meta-analysis approach, the variations in cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A-like enzyme induction based on ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity (EROD) and selected physiological variables (retinoids and thyroid hormones) in northern fulmar breeding in three differentially OC-exposed populations: Nunavut (Canadian Arctic), Svalbard (Norwegian Arctic) and the Faroe Islands. Substantially higher (roughly two-fold) OC levels were uncovered in the liver of this long-lived fulmarine petrel breeding in the Faroe Islands relative to Svalbard and Nunavut. Liver levels of PCDDs, PCDFs and non-ortho PCBs in Faroe Islands fulmars were amongst the highest reported thus far in any seabirds from the northern regions. Positive correlations were depicted in combined fulmars (all three populations) between hepatic EROD activity and concentrations of OCs, in which strongest associations were found for dioxin-like compound (PCDFs and PCDDs) and TEQ concentrations. Moreover, moderate to strong positive correlations were found between liver OC concentrations and plasma total thyroxin (TT(4)) levels and TT(4)/total triiodothyronine (TT(3)) level ratios, as well as strong negative correlations between the same suite of OCs and plasma TT(3) levels. Hepatic OC concentrations (PCBs, PCDDs, PCDFs, HCB, p,p'-DDE and oxychlordane) also were positively correlated with hepatic retinyl palmitate levels which, in turn, were associated with a significant decrease in plasma retinol levels and somewhat unchanged liver retinol levels. The present meta-analysis investigation on northern fulmar breeding in three geographically-distant sites illustrated that OC exposure (mainly PCBs and dioxins/furans) may be associated with

  2. Position statement on cannabis.

    PubMed

    Stein For The Executive Committee Of The Central Drug Authority, Dan Joseph

    2016-05-16

    There is an ongoing national debate around cannabis policy. This brief position statement by the Executive Committee of the Central Drug Authorityoutlines some of the factors that have contributed to this debate, delineates reduction strategies, summarises the harms and benefits ofmarijuana, and provides recommendations. These recommendations emphasise an integrated and evidence-based approach, the need forresources to implement harm reduction strategies against continued and chronic use of alcohol and cannabis, and the potential value of afocus on decriminalisation rather than the legalisation of cannabis.

  3. 7 CFR 3052.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Financial statements. 3052.310 Section 3052.310....310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial statements... appropriate, cash flows for the fiscal year audited. The financial statements shall be for the same...

  4. 29 CFR 99.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Financial statements. 99.310 Section 99.310 Labor Office of....310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial statements... appropriate, cash flows for the fiscal year audited. The financial statements shall be for the same...

  5. 7 CFR 3052.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Financial statements. 3052.310 Section 3052.310....310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial statements... appropriate, cash flows for the fiscal year audited. The financial statements shall be for the same...

  6. 7 CFR 3052.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Financial statements. 3052.310 Section 3052.310....310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial statements... appropriate, cash flows for the fiscal year audited. The financial statements shall be for the same...

  7. 78 FR 5811 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Statement of Organization, Functions... Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human..., Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete in its entirety the title for the Office of...

  8. 77 FR 68125 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Statement of Organization, Functions... Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human... Registry (ATSDR). Section T-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete in...

  9. 75 FR 70276 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Statement of Organization, Functions... Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human... Registry. Section J-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete in its...

  10. 7 CFR 520.7 - Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... significantly affecting the quality of the human environment; or, (2) Other major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. In the experience of ARS, an environmental impact statement... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS...

  11. 21 CFR 130.14 - General statements of substandard quality and substandard fill of container.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD STANDARDS: GENERAL General... substandard quality means the statement “Below Standard in Quality Good Food—Not High Grade” printed in two... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General statements of substandard quality and...

  12. 21 CFR 130.14 - General statements of substandard quality and substandard fill of container.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD STANDARDS: GENERAL General... substandard quality means the statement “Below Standard in Quality Good Food—Not High Grade” printed in two... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false General statements of substandard quality and...

  13. 21 CFR 130.14 - General statements of substandard quality and substandard fill of container.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD STANDARDS: GENERAL General... substandard quality means the statement “Below Standard in Quality Good Food—Not High Grade” printed in two... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false General statements of substandard quality and...

  14. 21 CFR 130.14 - General statements of substandard quality and substandard fill of container.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD STANDARDS: GENERAL General... substandard quality means the statement “Below Standard in Quality Good Food—Not High Grade” printed in two... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false General statements of substandard quality and...

  15. 21 CFR 130.14 - General statements of substandard quality and substandard fill of container.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD STANDARDS: GENERAL General... substandard quality means the statement “Below Standard in Quality Good Food—Not High Grade” printed in two... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false General statements of substandard quality and...

  16. 76 FR 66308 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the ] Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR 67772-76..., Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: After item (7) in the functional statement for...

  17. Pediatrician workforce policy statement.

    PubMed

    Basco, William T; Rimsza, Mary E

    2013-08-01

    This policy statement reviews important trends and other factors that affect the pediatrician workforce and the provision of pediatric health care, including changes in the pediatric patient population, pediatrician workforce, and nature of pediatric practice. The effect of these changes on pediatricians and the demand for pediatric care are discussed. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) concludes that there is currently a shortage of pediatric medical subspecialists in many fields, as well as a shortage of pediatric surgical specialists. In addition, the AAP believes that the current distribution of primary care pediatricians is inadequate to meet the needs of children living in rural and other underserved areas, and more primary care pediatricians will be needed in the future because of the increasing number of children who have significant chronic health problems, changes in physician work hours, and implementation of current health reform efforts that seek to improve access to comprehensive patient- and family-centered care for all children in a medical home. The AAP is committed to being an active participant in physician workforce policy development with both professional organizations and governmental bodies to ensure a pediatric perspective on health care workforce issues. The overall purpose of this statement is to summarize policy recommendations and serve as a resource for the AAP and other stakeholders as they address pediatrician workforce issues that ultimately influence the quality of pediatric health care provided to children in the United States.

  18. Hazardous waste transportation risk assessment for the US Department of Energy Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement -- human health endpoints

    SciTech Connect

    Hartmann, H.M.; Policastro, A.J.; Lazaro, M.A.

    1994-03-01

    In this presentation, a quantitative methodology for assessing the risk associated with the transportation of hazardous waste (HW) is proposed. The focus is on identifying air concentrations of HW that correspond to specific human health endpoints.

  19. Constraints on 3D fault and fracture distribution in layered volcanic- volcaniclastic sequences from terrestrial LIDAR datasets: Faroe Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raithatha, Bansri; McCaffrey, Kenneth; Walker, Richard; Brown, Richard; Pickering, Giles

    2013-04-01

    Hydrocarbon reservoirs commonly contain an array of fine-scale structures that control fluid flow in the subsurface, such as polyphase fracture networks and small-scale fault zones. These structures are unresolvable using seismic imaging and therefore outcrop-based studies have been used as analogues to characterize fault and fracture networks and assess their impact on fluid flow in the subsurface. To maximize recovery and enhance production, it is essential to understand the geometry, physical properties, and distribution of these structures in 3D. Here we present field data and terrestrial LIDAR-derived 3D, photo-realistic virtual outcrops of fault zones at a range of displacement scales (0.001- 4.5 m) within a volcaniclastic sand- and basaltic lava unit sequence in the Faroe Islands. Detailed field observations were used to constrain the virtual outcrop dataset, and a workflow has been developed to build a discrete fracture network (DFN) models in GOCAD® from these datasets. Model construction involves three main stages: (1) Georeferencing and processing of LIDAR datasets; (2) Structural interpretation to discriminate between faults, fractures, veins, and joint planes using CAD software and RiSCAN Pro; and (3) Building a 3D DFN in GOCAD®. To test the validity of this workflow, we focus here on a 4.5 m displacement strike-slip fault zone that displays a complex polymodal fracture network in the inter-layered basalt-volcaniclastic sequence, which is well-constrained by field study. The DFN models support our initial field-based hypothesis that fault zone geometry varies with increasing displacement through volcaniclastic units. Fracture concentration appears to be greatest in the upper lava unit, decreases into the volcaniclastic sediments, and decreases further into the lower lava unit. This distribution of fractures appears to be related to the width of the fault zone and the amount of fault damage on the outcrop. For instance, the fault zone is thicker in

  20. Air ambulance and hospital services for critically ill and injured in Greenland, Iceland and the Faroe Islands: how can we improve?

    PubMed

    Gunnarsson, Björn; Jensen, Niels S Kieler; Garði, Tummas I; Harðardóttir, Helga; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Heimisdóttir, María

    2015-01-01

    The Nordic Atlantic Cooperation (NORA) is an intergovernmental organization under the auspices of the Nordic Council of Ministers. The NORA region comprises Greenland, Iceland, Faroe Islands and western coastal areas of Norway. Historical, cultural and institutional links bind these nations together in multiple ways, and regional co-operation has in recent years become a focus of interest. This commentary addresses air medical services (AMSs) and available advanced hospital services in the 3 smallest NORA countries challenged sparse populations, hereafter referred to as the region. It seems likely that strengthened regional co-operation can help these countries to address common challenges within health care by exchanging know-how and best practices, pooling resources and improving the efficiency of care delivery. The 4 largest hospitals in the region, Dronning Ingrids Hospital in Nuuk (Greenland), Landspítali in Reykjavík and Sjúkrahúsið á Akureyri, (both in Iceland) and Landssjúkrahúsið Tórshavn on the Faroe Islands, have therefore undertaken the project Network for patient transport in the North-West Atlantic (in Danish: Netværk for patienttransport i Vest-Norden). The goal of the project, and of this article, is to exchange information and provide an overview of current AMSs and access to acute hospital care for severely ill or injured patients in the 3 participating countries. Of equal importance is the intention to highlight the need for increased regional co-operation to optimize use of limited resources in the provision of health care services.

  1. The virgin land of quality management: a first measure of patient safety climate at the National Hospital of the Faroe Islands

    PubMed Central

    Kristensen, Solvejg; Túgvustein, Naina; Zachariassen, Hjørdis; Sabroe, Svend; Bartels, Paul; Mainz, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The Faroe Islands are formally part of the Kingdom of Denmark, but the islands enjoy extensive autonomy as home ruled. In Denmark, extensive quality management initiatives have been implemented throughout hospitals, this was not the case in the Faroese Islands in 2013. The purpose of this study is to investigate the patient safety culture in the National Hospital of the Faroe Islands prior to implementation of quality management initiatives. Methods The Danish version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ-DK) was distributed electronically to 557 staff members from five medical centers of the hospital, and one administrative unit. SAQ-DK has six cultural dimensions. The proportion of respondents with positive attitudes and mean scale scores were described, and comparison between medical specialties, and between clinical leaders and frontline staff was made using analysis of variance and chi-square test, respectively. Results The response rate was 65.8% (N=367). Job satisfaction was rated most favorable, and the perceived culture of the top management least favorable. Safety climate was the dimension with the greatest variability across the 28 units. The diagnostic center had the most favorable culture of all centers. More leaders than frontline staff had positive attitudes toward teamwork and safety climate, and working conditions, respectively. Also, the leaders perceived these dimensions more positive than the frontline staff, P<0.05. Among three management levels, the unit management was perceived most favorable and the top management least favorable. Conclusion The management group is recommended to raise awareness of their role in supporting a safe and caring environment for patients and staff, moreover the leaders should ensure that every day work achieves its objectives; keeping the patients safe. Furthermore, following the development in patient safety culture over time is recommended. PMID:27217800

  2. Air ambulance and hospital services for critically ill and injured in Greenland, Iceland and the Faroe Islands: how can we improve?

    PubMed Central

    Gunnarsson, Björn; Jensen, Niels S Kieler; Garði, Tummas i; Harðardóttir, Helga; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Heimisdóttir, María

    2015-01-01

    The Nordic Atlantic Cooperation (NORA) is an intergovernmental organization under the auspices of the Nordic Council of Ministers. The NORA region comprises Greenland, Iceland, Faroe Islands and western coastal areas of Norway. Historical, cultural and institutional links bind these nations together in multiple ways, and regional co-operation has in recent years become a focus of interest. This commentary addresses air medical services (AMSs) and available advanced hospital services in the 3 smallest NORA countries challenged sparse populations, hereafter referred to as the region. It seems likely that strengthened regional co-operation can help these countries to address common challenges within health care by exchanging know-how and best practices, pooling resources and improving the efficiency of care delivery. The 4 largest hospitals in the region, Dronning Ingrids Hospital in Nuuk (Greenland), Landspítali in Reykjavík and Sjúkrahúsið á Akureyri, (both in Iceland) and Landssjúkrahúsið Tórshavn on the Faroe Islands, have therefore undertaken the project Network for patient transport in the North-West Atlantic (in Danish: Netværk for patienttransport i Vest-Norden). The goal of the project, and of this article, is to exchange information and provide an overview of current AMSs and access to acute hospital care for severely ill or injured patients in the 3 participating countries. Of equal importance is the intention to highlight the need for increased regional co-operation to optimize use of limited resources in the provision of health care services. PMID:26066019

  3. Commentary on Causal Prescriptive Statements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graesser, Arthur C.; Hu, Xiangen

    2011-01-01

    Causal prescriptive statements are valued in the social sciences when there is the goal of helping people through interventions. The articles in this special issue cover different methods for testing causal prescriptive statements. This commentary identifies both virtues and liabilities of these different approaches. We argue that it is extremely…

  4. Aerospace Education. NSTA Position Statement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Teachers Association (NJ1), 2008

    2008-01-01

    National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) has developed a new position statement, "Aerospace Education." NSTA believes that aerospace education is an important component of comprehensive preK-12 science education programs. This statement highlights key considerations that should be addressed when implementing a high quality aerospace education…

  5. Priorities Statements of Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    In response to recommendations in the Illinois Board of Higher Education's Priorities, Quality, and Productivity report of November 1994, the 52 community colleges in the state prepared priority statements detailing specific college objectives for the current fiscal year (FY). This report provides the second update of the colleges' statements,…

  6. Commentary on Causal Prescriptive Statements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graesser, Arthur C.; Hu, Xiangen

    2011-01-01

    Causal prescriptive statements are valued in the social sciences when there is the goal of helping people through interventions. The articles in this special issue cover different methods for testing causal prescriptive statements. This commentary identifies both virtues and liabilities of these different approaches. We argue that it is extremely…

  7. Reading and understanding financial statements.

    PubMed

    White, Joseph P

    2005-01-01

    Feeling comfortable reading and understanding financial statements is critical to the success of healthcare executives and physicians involved in management. Businesses use three primary financial statements: a balance sheet represents the equation, Assets = Liabilities + Equity; an income statement represents the equation, Revenues - Expenses = Net Income; a statement of cash flows reports all sources and uses of cash during the represented period. The balance sheet expresses financial indicators at one particular moment in time, whereas the income statement and the statement of cash flows show activity that occurred over a stretch of time. Additional information is disclosed in attached footnotes and other supplementary materials. There are two ways to prepare financial statements. Cash-basis accounting recognizes revenue when it is received and expenses when they are paid. Accrual-basis accounting recognizes revenue when it is earned and expenses when they are incurred. Although cash-basis is acceptable, periodically using the accrual method reveals important information about receivables and liabilities that could otherwise remain hidden. Become more engaged with your financial statements by spending time reading them, tracking key performance indicators, and asking accountants and financial advisors questions. This will help you better understand your business and build a successful future.

  8. 21 CFR 101.15 - Food; prominence of required statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Food; prominence of required statements. 101.15 Section 101.15 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD LABELING General Provisions § 101.15 Food; prominence of required...

  9. 21 CFR 101.15 - Food; prominence of required statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Food; prominence of required statements. 101.15 Section 101.15 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD LABELING General Provisions § 101.15 Food; prominence of required...

  10. 21 CFR 101.15 - Food; prominence of required statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Food; prominence of required statements. 101.15 Section 101.15 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD LABELING General Provisions § 101.15 Food; prominence of...

  11. 21 CFR 101.15 - Food; prominence of required statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Food; prominence of required statements. 101.15 Section 101.15 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD LABELING General Provisions § 101.15 Food; prominence of required...

  12. 40 CFR 156.212 - Personal protective equipment statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... prohibition against gloves for applicators and other handlers under the heading HAZARDS TO HUMANS (AND... personal protective equipment requirements apply to other uses. (c) Location of personal protective... protective equipment statements for pesticide handlers shall be in the HAZARDS TO HUMANS (AND DOMESTIC...

  13. 40 CFR 156.212 - Personal protective equipment statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... prohibition against gloves for applicators and other handlers under the heading HAZARDS TO HUMANS (AND... personal protective equipment requirements apply to other uses. (c) Location of personal protective... protective equipment statements for pesticide handlers shall be in the HAZARDS TO HUMANS (AND DOMESTIC...

  14. 40 CFR 156.212 - Personal protective equipment statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... prohibition against gloves for applicators and other handlers under the heading HAZARDS TO HUMANS (AND... personal protective equipment requirements apply to other uses. (c) Location of personal protective... protective equipment statements for pesticide handlers shall be in the HAZARDS TO HUMANS (AND DOMESTIC...

  15. 40 CFR 156.212 - Personal protective equipment statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... prohibition against gloves for applicators and other handlers under the heading HAZARDS TO HUMANS (AND... personal protective equipment requirements apply to other uses. (c) Location of personal protective... protective equipment statements for pesticide handlers shall be in the HAZARDS TO HUMANS (AND DOMESTIC...

  16. 78 FR 76843 - Statement of Delegation of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of Inspector General Statement of Delegation of Authority Notice is hereby given that I have delegated to the Inspector General, Office of Inspector General, the authority vested in the Secretary of Health and Human Services under...

  17. Mission statements in Canadian hospitals.

    PubMed

    Bart, Christopher K; Hupfer, Maureen

    2004-01-01

    One of the most popular management tools in the world, the mission statement also is subject to widespread criticism. In order to improve our understanding of the mission statement's strategic value and to provide actionable recommendations for healthcare organizations, the paper adopted a social constructionist perspective in a mission statement study conducted among Canadian hospital executives. The paper found seven factors underlying 23 possible mission statement content items. Four of these (grand inspiration, benefactors, competitive orientation and business definition) corresponded to the dimensions of dominant managerial logic proposed by von Krogh and Grand, and were positively related to various behavioral, financial performance and mission achievement measures. The findings indicate that not all mission statement components are created equal and that the recommendations of major strategy texts may require reconsideration where this particular institutional context is concerned.

  18. A Statement of Assumptions and Principles Concerning Education about Death, Dying, and Bereavement for Professionals in Health Care and Human Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Presents assumptions and principles for education about death, dying, and bereavement developed by the Education Work Group of the International Work Group on Death, Dying, and Bereavement. Intended for professionals in health care and human services concerned with education in this area. (PVV)

  19. Statement on virginity testing.

    PubMed

    2015-07-01

    Virginity testing (virginity examination) is a gynecological examination that is intended to correlate the status and appearance of the hymen with previous sexual contact to determine whether a female has had or is habituated to sexual intercourse. Virginity examinations are practiced in many countries, often forcibly, including in detention places; on women who allege rape or are accused of prostitution; and as part of public or social policies to control sexuality. The Independent Forensic Expert Group (IFEG) - thirty-five preeminent independent forensic experts from eighteen countries specialized in evaluating and documenting the physical and psychological effects of torture and ill-treatment - released a statement on the practice in December 2014. In its statement, the IFEG outlines the physical and psychological effects of forcibly conducting virginity examinations on females based on its collective experience. The Group assesses whether, based on the effects, forcibly conducted virginity examinations constitute cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or torture. Finally, the IFEG addresses the medical interpretation, relevance, and ethical implications of such examinations. The IFEG concludes that virginity examinations are medically unreliable and have no clinical or scientific value. These examinations are inherently discriminatory and, in almost all instances, when conducted forcibly, result in significant physical and mental pain and suffering, thereby constituting cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or torture. When virginity examinations are forcibly conducted and involve vaginal penetration, the examination should be considered as sexual assault and rape. Involvement of health professionals in these examinations violates the basic standards and ethics of the professions. Copyright © 2015 Torture. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  20. 76 FR 65197 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Statement of Organization, Functions, and... the Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), (Federal... performance issues relating to Medicaid, CHIP, and the related interactions with the States. Coordinates...

  1. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring... the human environment. ...

  2. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring... the human environment. ...

  3. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring... the human environment. ...

  4. A process for updating a philosophy of education statement.

    PubMed

    Gambescia, Stephen F

    2013-01-01

    Most health education specialists have been introduced to the idea of having a philosophy of education statement. Although some in the field have been writing about this career development exercise, little has been written about the process of developing one's philosophy of education statement. This brief essay explains a sample process health education specialists can use to create or update their philosophy of education statement. The author gives a firsthand account of a systematic, disciplined, intellectually liberating, and reflective approach to articulating one's philosophy of education statement, by considering the writings of select intellectual giants who have acted on human experience, thought, and practice in education. A philosophy of education statement should be useful to any health education specialist regardless of type of work, site, position in the organization, population served, or health topic. The resultant updated and precisely written statement serves to sharpen a health education specialist's future role as a health educator, as well as contribute to his or her journey in lifelong learning.

  5. Childhood obesity case statement.

    PubMed

    Esposito, Paul W; Caskey, Paul; Heaton, Lisa E; Otsuka, Norman

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this publication is to raise awareness of the impact of childhood obesity on the musculoskeletal health of children and its potential long-term implications. Relevant articles dealing with musculoskeletal disorders either caused by or worsened by childhood obesity were reviewed through a Pub Med search. Efforts to recognize and combat the childhood obesity epidemic were also identified through Internet search engines. This case statement was then reviewed by the members of the pediatric specialty group of the US Bone and Joint Initiative, which represents an extensive number of organizations dealing with musculoskeletal health. Multiple musculoskeletal disorders are clearly caused by or worsened by childhood obesity. The review of the literature clearly demonstrates the increased frequency and severity of many childhood musculoskeletal disorders. Concerns about the long-term implications of these childhood onset disorders such as pain and degenerative changes into adulthood are clearly recognized by all the member organizations of the US Bone and Joint Initiative. It is imperative to recognize the long-term implications of musculoskeletal disorders caused by or worsened by childhood obesity. It is also important to recognize that the ability to exercise comfortably is a key factor to developing a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a healthy body weight. Efforts to develop reasonable and acceptable programs to increase physical activity by all facets of society should be supported. Further research into the long-term implications of childhood musculoskeletal disorders related to childhood obesity is necessary.

  6. Childhood obesity case statement.

    PubMed

    Esposito, Paul W; Caskey, Paul; Heaton, Lisa E; Otsuka, Norman

    2013-04-01

    The goal of this publication is to raise awareness of the impact of childhood obesity on the musculoskeletal health of children and its potential long-term implications. Relevant articles dealing with musculoskeletal disorders either caused by or worsened by childhood obesity were reviewed through a Pub Med search. Efforts to recognize and combat the childhood obesity epidemic were also identified through Internet search engines. This case statement was then reviewed by the members of the pediatric specialty group of the US Bone and Joint Initiative, which represents an extensive number of organizations dealing with musculoskeletal health. Multiple musculoskeletal disorders are clearly caused by or worsened by childhood obesity. The review of the literature clearly demonstrates the increased frequency and severity of many childhood musculoskeletal disorders. Concerns about the long-term implications of these childhood onset disorders such as pain and degenerative changes into adulthood are clearly recognized by all the member organizations of the US Bone and Joint Initiative. It is imperative to recognize the long-term implications of musculoskeletal disorders caused by or worsened by childhood obesity. It is also important to recognize that the ability to exercise comfortably is a key factor to developing a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a healthy body weight. Efforts to develop reasonable and acceptable programs to increase physical activity by all facets of society should be supported. Further research into the long-term implications of childhood musculoskeletal disorders related to childhood obesity is necessary. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Statement on intrauterine devices.

    PubMed

    1981-12-01

    These policy statements and guidelines from the International Planned Parenthood Federation's (IPPF) International Medical Advisory Panel (IMAP) concern IUDs. The following contraindications to IUD use are recognized: 1) pelvic inflaminatory disease, 2) known or suspected pregnancy, 3) history of previous ectopic pregnancy, 4) gynecological bleeding disorders, 5) suspected malignancy of the genital tract, 6) congenital uterine abnormalities or fibroids distorting the cavity, and 7) anemia, blood coagulation, severe cervical stenosis, copper allergy, Wilson's disease, and others. Generalities regarding appropriate IUDs are: 1) non-medicated devices (e.g. Lippes Loop) are studied for women who may not return for regular check-ups, 2) smaller medicated devices usually cause less menstrual blood loss than the non-medicated devices, 3) smaller devices are better for a smaller uterus and larger devices for the larger uterus, and 4) when a smaller device is expelled it is advisable to try a larger one and vice versa. Dalkon Shields should not be used by the IPPF system and all women using them should have the device removed. Correct insertion of IUDs is important and should be done by properly trained personnel. The timing of insertion is best during the menstrual period. Withdrawal of the applicator while leaving the device in place is the recommended insertion technique. Sterilization of IUDs should follow instructions on bulk-packaged IUDs. Complications include perforation, bleeding and pain, infection, and ectopic pregnancy. IUD removal should be done during menstruation. Good clinical management and follow-up care are recommended.

  8. Environmental Impact Statement Filing Guidance

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Describes how to submit an environmental impact statement through the e-NEPA electronic submission system. Describes how EPA submits a notice of availability in to the Federal Register and how the comment time period if set forth.

  9. Pajaro Dunes Conference Draft Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of College and University Law, 1982

    1982-01-01

    A statement of concerns and needs in the relationship between universities and industry for biomedical research addresses the issues of research agreements and their terms, patent licensing, university and faculty roles, and establishment of policy and procedures. (MSE)

  10. It's Time to Implement GASB Statement 54

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heinfeld, Gary; Nuehring, Bert

    2012-01-01

    In February 2009, the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) issued Statement No. 54, "Find Balance Reporting and Governmental Fund Type Definitions." This statement changes how a fund balance is classified on the face of the government fund financial statements and refines the definitions for government fund types. The statement's…

  11. GASB Statement No. 3 Guides Deposits, Investments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Linda A.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses an April 1986 Governmental Accounting Standards Board statement concerning disclosures of repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements. The statement tries to help financial statement users assess the risks a goverment entity takes when investing public funds. It is effective for financial statement periods ending after December 15,…

  12. 7 CFR 4279.137 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Financial statements. 4279.137 Section 4279.137... § 4279.137 Financial statements. (a) The lender will determine the type and frequency of submission of financial statements by the borrower. At a minimum, annual financial statements prepared by an accountant in...

  13. 7 CFR 4279.137 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Financial statements. 4279.137 Section 4279.137... § 4279.137 Financial statements. (a) The lender will determine the type and frequency of submission of financial statements by the borrower. At a minimum, annual financial statements prepared by an accountant in...

  14. 7 CFR 4279.137 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Financial statements. 4279.137 Section 4279.137... § 4279.137 Financial statements. (a) The lender will determine the type and frequency of submission of financial statements by the borrower. At a minimum, annual financial statements prepared by an accountant in...

  15. 7 CFR 1221.113 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Financial statements. 1221.113 Section 1221.113... Information Board § 1221.113 Financial statements. (a) As requested by the Secretary, the Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Secretary on a monthly basis. Each such financial statement...

  16. 7 CFR 1221.113 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Financial statements. 1221.113 Section 1221.113... Information Board § 1221.113 Financial statements. (a) As requested by the Secretary, the Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Secretary on a monthly basis. Each such financial statement...

  17. 29 CFR 99.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Financial statements. 99.310 Section 99.310 Labor Office of....310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial statements that reflect its financial position, results of operations or changes in net assets, and,...

  18. 38 CFR 41.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Financial statements. 41...) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditees § 41.310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial statements that reflect its...

  19. 7 CFR 4279.137 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Financial statements. 4279.137 Section 4279.137... § 4279.137 Financial statements. (a) The lender will determine the type and frequency of submission of financial statements by the borrower. At a minimum, annual financial statements prepared by an accountant...

  20. 38 CFR 41.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Financial statements. 41...) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditees § 41.310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial statements that reflect its...

  1. 29 CFR 99.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Financial statements. 99.310 Section 99.310 Labor Office of....310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial statements that reflect its financial position, results of operations or changes in net assets, and,...

  2. 7 CFR 4279.137 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Financial statements. 4279.137 Section 4279.137... § 4279.137 Financial statements. (a) The lender will determine the type and frequency of submission of financial statements by the borrower. At a minimum, annual financial statements prepared by an accountant...

  3. It's Time to Implement GASB Statement 54

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heinfeld, Gary; Nuehring, Bert

    2012-01-01

    In February 2009, the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) issued Statement No. 54, "Find Balance Reporting and Governmental Fund Type Definitions." This statement changes how a fund balance is classified on the face of the government fund financial statements and refines the definitions for government fund types. The statement's…

  4. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring Environmental Consideration § 25.22 Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement....

  5. 21 CFR 720.9 - Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number. 720.9 Section 720.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720...

  6. 21 CFR 720.7 - Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notification of person submitting cosmetic product... AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.7 Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement. When Form FDA...

  7. 21 CFR 720.9 - Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number. 720.9 Section 720.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720...

  8. 21 CFR 720.7 - Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notification of person submitting cosmetic product... AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.7 Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement. When Form FDA...

  9. 21 CFR 720.7 - Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Notification of person submitting cosmetic product... AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.7 Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement. When Form FDA...

  10. 21 CFR 720.9 - Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number. 720.9 Section 720.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720...

  11. 21 CFR 720.9 - Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number. 720.9 Section 720.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720...

  12. 21 CFR 720.7 - Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Notification of person submitting cosmetic product... AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.7 Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement. When Form FDA...

  13. 75 FR 82405 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part F of the Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority for...) Under Part F, CMS, FC. 20 Functions, change the title of the Office of Executive Operations and...

  14. 76 FR 42710 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part A, Office of the Secretary, Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of... (ABC1). V. Under Chapter ABC, Section ABC.20 Functions, 2nd paragraph, replace ``State, tribal, and...

  15. 78 FR 14311 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations...). Specifically, this notice: (1) Moves the grant officer and loan officer function from the Office of the...

  16. 78 FR 32404 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations... Section RB-20, Functions Delete in its entirety and replace with the following: The Office of Management...

  17. 77 FR 48525 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations... (RU). Specifically, this notice: (1) Transfers the function of the National Health Service Corps Site...

  18. 75 FR 20364 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part A, Office of the Secretary, Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of... Insurance Oversight Section AU.00 Mission Section AU.10 Organization Section AU.20 Functions Section AU.00...

  19. 77 FR 37683 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part F of the Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority for... functions of the Center for Strategic Planning. Part F. is described below: Section FC. 20 (Functions) reads...

  20. 76 FR 36539 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part A, Office of the Secretary, Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of...

  1. 76 FR 77840 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations... improved management and administrative efficiencies and improved alignment of current liaison functions and...

  2. 21 CFR 25.22 - Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 25.22 Section 25.22 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Agency Actions Requiring Environmental Consideration § 25.22 Actions requiring the preparation of an environmental impact statement. (a...

  3. 75 FR 14449 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part C (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) of the Statement of Organization.... Section C-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete in its entirety the title...

  4. 77 FR 73665 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-11

    ... [Federal Register Volume 77, Number 238 (Tuesday, December 11, 2012)] [Notices] [Page 73665] [FR Doc No: 2012-29862] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and...

  5. 77 FR 53889 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part C (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) of the Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority...

  6. 75 FR 63846 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority of the Department of...

  7. 21 CFR 209.11 - Dispensing and distributing the side effects statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... statement. 209.11 Section 209.11 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL REQUIREMENT FOR AUTHORIZED DISPENSERS AND PHARMACIES TO DISTRIBUTE A...) Each authorized dispenser or pharmacy must distribute the side effects statement with each prescription...

  8. 21 CFR 209.11 - Dispensing and distributing the side effects statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... statement. 209.11 Section 209.11 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL REQUIREMENT FOR AUTHORIZED DISPENSERS AND PHARMACIES TO DISTRIBUTE A...) Each authorized dispenser or pharmacy must distribute the side effects statement with each prescription...

  9. 21 CFR 209.11 - Dispensing and distributing the side effects statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... statement. 209.11 Section 209.11 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL REQUIREMENT FOR AUTHORIZED DISPENSERS AND PHARMACIES TO DISTRIBUTE A...) Each authorized dispenser or pharmacy must distribute the side effects statement with each prescription...

  10. 21 CFR 209.11 - Dispensing and distributing the side effects statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... statement. 209.11 Section 209.11 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL REQUIREMENT FOR AUTHORIZED DISPENSERS AND PHARMACIES TO DISTRIBUTE A...) Each authorized dispenser or pharmacy must distribute the side effects statement with each prescription...

  11. 21 CFR 209.11 - Dispensing and distributing the side effects statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... statement. 209.11 Section 209.11 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL REQUIREMENT FOR AUTHORIZED DISPENSERS AND PHARMACIES TO DISTRIBUTE A...) Each authorized dispenser or pharmacy must distribute the side effects statement with each prescription...

  12. 7 CFR 520.7 - Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS... § 520.7 Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). (a) Actions requiring EIS. An EIS will... affecting the quality of the human environment. In the experience of ARS, an environmental impact...

  13. 76 FR 50223 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ...) within the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (CVG). Dated: August 3, 2011... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part C (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) of the Statement of Organization...

  14. 78 FR 72088 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part C (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) of the Statement of Organization..., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Section C-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended...

  15. 76 FR 19995 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part A, Office of the Secretary, Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of... Section AK.10 Organization, delete in its entirety and replace with the following: Section...

  16. 75 FR 70274 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part F of the Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority for... Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation and to update the organization for CMS, as follows:...

  17. 77 FR 42740 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part F of the Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority for... (Organization) is revised as follows: Office of the Administrator (FC) Office of Equal Opportunity and...

  18. 76 FR 34075 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part C (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) of the Statement of Organization... Grants Office. Section C-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete in...

  19. 75 FR 14176 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part F of the Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority for... organizations remain substantively unchanged and continue to report to the Administrator, CMS: Office of...

  20. 77 FR 7594 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations... Evaluation Section RA5-10, Organization Delete in its entirety and replace with the following: The Office...

  1. 76 FR 27030 - Intent To Prepare a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Indianapolis, White River...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... will prepare a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) to disclose potential impacts to the natural, physical, and human environment resulting from implementation of alternatives formulated to... Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers Intent To Prepare a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement...

  2. 21 CFR 101.93 - Certain types of statements for dietary supplements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Certain types of statements for dietary supplements. 101.93 Section 101.93 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... bears one of the statements listed in section 403(r)(6) or the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act,...

  3. 78 FR 79697 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-31

    ... [Federal Register Volume 78, Number 251 (Tuesday, December 31, 2013)] [Notices] [Pages 79697-79699] [FR Doc No: 2013-30850] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part C (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) of the Statement of...

  4. 21 CFR 720.7 - Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notification of person submitting cosmetic product... AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.7 Notification of person submitting cosmetic product ingredient statement. When Form FDA...

  5. 21 CFR 720.9 - Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Misbranding by reference to filing or to statement number. 720.9 Section 720.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720...

  6. 78 FR 68465 - NiSource, Inc.; Record of Decision, Habitat Conservation Plan, Environmental Impact Statement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-14

    ... action that may affect the quality of the human environment and therefore is subject to ] review under... Impact Statement, and Permit Issuance AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... may obtain an electronic copy of the ROD, Final Environmental Impact Statement, and Multi-Species...

  7. 40 CFR 1502.4 - Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements. 1502.4 Section 1502.4 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON..., could significantly affect the quality of the human environment. Statements shall be prepared on such...

  8. 47 CFR 1.1315 - The Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS); Comments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... the human environment. (b) When a DEIS and supplements, if any, are prepared, the Commission shall... qualified in any way to comment on the environmental impact of the facilities, a statement of his or her... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false The Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS...

  9. 47 CFR 1.1315 - The Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS); Comments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... the human environment. (b) When a DEIS and supplements, if any, are prepared, the Commission shall... qualified in any way to comment on the environmental impact of the facilities, a statement of his or her... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false The Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS...

  10. 47 CFR 1.1315 - The Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS); Comments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... their significance in terms of the short and long-term uses of the human environment. (b) When a DEIS... way to comment on the environmental impact of the facilities, a statement of his or her qualifications... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false The Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS...

  11. 47 CFR 1.1315 - The Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS); Comments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... the human environment. (b) When a DEIS and supplements, if any, are prepared, the Commission shall... qualified in any way to comment on the environmental impact of the facilities, a statement of his or her... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false The Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS...

  12. 40 CFR 1502.4 - Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Major Federal actions requiring the preparation of environmental impact statements. 1502.4 Section 1502.4 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON..., could significantly affect the quality of the human environment. Statements shall be prepared on such...

  13. 45 CFR 73a.735-1004 - Submission and review of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Submission and review of statements. 73a.735-1004 Section 73a.735-1004 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION STANDARDS OF CONDUCT: FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENT Statements of Employment and Financial...

  14. 75 FR 14178 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part C (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) of the Statement of Organization... Resolution and Equal Opportunity Office, Office of the Director, Centers for Disease Control and...

  15. 45 CFR 73a.735-1004 - Submission and review of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Submission and review of statements. 73a.735-1004 Section 73a.735-1004 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION STANDARDS OF CONDUCT: FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENT Statements of Employment and Financial...

  16. 45 CFR 73a.735-1004 - Submission and review of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Submission and review of statements. 73a.735-1004 Section 73a.735-1004 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION STANDARDS OF CONDUCT: FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENT Statements of Employment and Financial...

  17. 45 CFR 73a.735-1004 - Submission and review of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Submission and review of statements. 73a.735-1004 Section 73a.735-1004 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION STANDARDS OF CONDUCT: FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENT Statements of Employment and Financial...

  18. 78 FR 7436 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority This notice amends Part R of the Statement of Organization, Functions and...

  19. 76 FR 5178 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration on Aging Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of... 202-357-3419. This notice amends Part B of the Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations... CLASS) (BC).'' II. Under Part B, Section B.20 Functions, establish a new Chapter BC, ``Office...

  20. 76 FR 44933 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ... Services Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part F of the Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority for the Department of Health and Human Services, Centers... Public Engagement (FCS) Office of Communications (FCT) Section FC. 20 (Functions) reads as...

  1. 21 CFR 310.100 - New drug status opinions; statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false New drug status opinions; statement of policy. 310.100 Section 310.100 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... New drug status opinions; statement of policy. (a) Over the years since 1938 the Food and...

  2. 77 FR 19666 - Office of Financial Resources; Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Office of Financial Resources; Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority Part A, Office of the Secretary, Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority for the...

  3. [Consensus statement on assistance to women with human immunodeficiency virus infection in the health care sector. National AIDS Plan (PNS) and AIDS Study Group (GeSIDA)].

    PubMed

    2014-02-01

    To develop a consensus document on clinical recommendations for the health care of women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We assembled a panel of experts appointed by the Secretariat of the National AIDS Plan and GeSIDA that included internal medicine physicians with expertise in the field of HIV infection, gynecologists, pediatricians and psychologists, and two panel members acting as coordinators. Scientific information was reviewed in publications and conference reports up to October 2012. In keeping with the criteria of the Infectious Disease Society of America, two levels of evidence were applied to support the proposed recommendations: the strength of the recommendation according to expert opinion (A, B, C), and the level of empirical evidence (i, ii, iii), already used in previous documents from SPNS/GeSIDA. We provide multiple recommendations for the clinical management of women with HIV infection, considering both the diagnostic and possible therapeutic strategies. The consensus recommends gender mainstreaming in health care, and promoting training for healthcare professionals in order to avoid gender bias. With currently available data it seems that the effectiveness of the treatment is the same in both men and women, there being no limitation as to the use of any antiretroviral for this reason. Women have more treatments suspended for reasons other than virological failure, thus they require better monitoring. This document presents recommendations for addressing women with HIV infection. This must be multidisciplinary, taking into account the differences that can be found in the diagnosis, disease development, and treatment between men and women. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  4. Screening for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

    MedlinePlus

    Understanding Task Force Recommendations Screening for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (Task ... final recommendation statement on Screening for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) . This final recommendation statement applies to all ...

  5. 76 FR 13646 - Statement of Delegation of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Delegation of Authority Notice is hereby given that I have delegated to the Administrator, Health Resources and Services...

  6. 21 CFR 501.17 - Animal food labeling warning statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Animal food labeling warning statements. 501.17 Section 501.17 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS ANIMAL FOOD LABELING General Provisions § 501.17 Animal...

  7. 21 CFR 501.17 - Animal food labeling warning statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Animal food labeling warning statements. 501.17 Section 501.17 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS ANIMAL FOOD LABELING General Provisions § 501.17 Animal...

  8. 40 CFR 1502.3 - Statutory requirements for statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Statutory requirements for statements. 1502.3 Section 1502.3 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT... (§ 1508.27). Affecting (§§ 1508.3, 1508.8). The quality of the human environment (§ 1508.14). ...

  9. 21 CFR 101.15 - Food; prominence of required statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...(s) is the name of the food. (3) If any article of labeling (other than a label) contains any... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Food; prominence of required statements. 101.15 Section 101.15 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

  10. 21 CFR 369.10 - Conspicuousness of warning statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Conspicuousness of warning statements. 369.10 Section 369.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... labeling in juxtaposition with the directions for use and, in any case, should appear on the label...

  11. 44 CFR 5.81 - Statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... other applicable law. (b) It is FEMA's policy and responsibility to preserve its human resources for... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Statement of policy. 5.81 Section 5.81 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF...

  12. 44 CFR 5.81 - Statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... other applicable law. (b) It is FEMA's policy and responsibility to preserve its human resources for... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Statement of policy. 5.81 Section 5.81 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF...

  13. 40 CFR 1502.3 - Statutory requirements for statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Statutory requirements for statements. 1502.3 Section 1502.3 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT... (§ 1508.27). Affecting (§§ 1508.3, 1508.8). The quality of the human environment (§ 1508.14)....

  14. 21 CFR 25.42 - Environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Environmental impact statements. 25.42 Section 25.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Preparation of Environmental Documents § 25.42 Environmental...

  15. 42 CFR 455.18 - Provider's statements on claims forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Provider's statements on claims forms. 455.18 Section 455.18 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud...

  16. 42 CFR 455.19 - Provider's statement on check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Provider's statement on check. 455.19 Section 455.19 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud Detection and...

  17. 42 CFR 455.18 - Provider's statements on claims forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Provider's statements on claims forms. 455.18 Section 455.18 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud...

  18. 42 CFR 455.18 - Provider's statements on claims forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Provider's statements on claims forms. 455.18 Section 455.18 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud...

  19. 42 CFR 455.18 - Provider's statements on claims forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Provider's statements on claims forms. 455.18 Section 455.18 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud...

  20. 42 CFR 455.18 - Provider's statements on claims forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Provider's statements on claims forms. 455.18 Section 455.18 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud...

  1. 42 CFR 455.19 - Provider's statement on check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Provider's statement on check. 455.19 Section 455.19 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud Detection and...

  2. 42 CFR 455.19 - Provider's statement on check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Provider's statement on check. 455.19 Section 455.19 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud Detection and...

  3. 42 CFR 455.19 - Provider's statement on check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Provider's statement on check. 455.19 Section 455.19 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud Detection and...

  4. 42 CFR 455.19 - Provider's statement on check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Provider's statement on check. 455.19 Section 455.19 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PROGRAM INTEGRITY: MEDICAID Medicaid Agency Fraud Detection and...

  5. 40 CFR 1502.3 - Statutory requirements for statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Statutory requirements for statements. 1502.3 Section 1502.3 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT... (§ 1508.27). Affecting (§§ 1508.3, 1508.8). The quality of the human environment (§ 1508.14). ...

  6. 40 CFR 1502.3 - Statutory requirements for statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Statutory requirements for statements. 1502.3 Section 1502.3 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT... (§ 1508.27). Affecting (§§ 1508.3, 1508.8). The quality of the human environment (§ 1508.14). ...

  7. 40 CFR 1502.3 - Statutory requirements for statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Statutory requirements for statements. 1502.3 Section 1502.3 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT... (§ 1508.27). Affecting (§§ 1508.3, 1508.8). The quality of the human environment (§ 1508.14). ...

  8. 21 CFR 25.42 - Environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Environmental impact statements. 25.42 Section 25.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Preparation of Environmental Documents § 25.42 Environmental impact...

  9. 21 CFR 25.42 - Environmental impact statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Environmental impact statements. 25.42 Section 25.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL... proposed action; (2) Any adverse effects that cannot be avoided if the action is implemented;...

  10. 21 CFR 801.6 - Medical devices; misleading statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Medical devices; misleading statements. 801.6 Section 801.6 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 801.6 Medical devices; misleading...

  11. 21 CFR 501.17 - Animal food labeling warning statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Animal food labeling warning statements. 501.17 Section 501.17 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS ANIMAL FOOD LABELING General Provisions § 501.17 Animal...

  12. Environmental impact statements. Second edition

    SciTech Connect

    Bregman, J.I.

    1999-11-01

    This book covers all the requirements for a wide variety of environmental impact statements (EISs) on the federal, state, and local levels, including a new chapter devoted to environmental justice. Topics of discussion include the following: purpose of the environment; the legal basis for environmental impact statements; the process of preparing EISs; public participation; the natural environment earth resources; the natural environment: biology; the Man-made environment: surface water, groundwater, air, noise, hazards and nuisances, historic and cultural resources, transportation, socio-economics and environmental justice.

  13. 76 FR 65196 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority; Office of the National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, Section AR.10 Organization, insert... HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority; Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The...

  14. 75 FR 49494 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority; Office of the National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority; Office of the National Coordinator for Health and Information Technology; Correction AGENCY... office names. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marc Weisman, Office of the National Coordinator, Office...

  15. 77 FR 61002 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Statement of Organization, Functions, and... programs and related issues; develops fact sheets, news releases, feature articles for magazines and...

  16. 76 FR 63957 - Consumer Product Policy Statement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Consumer Product Policy Statement AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Proposed revision to policy statement; request for public comment. SUMMARY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC...

  17. The Impact Statement--Part II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Russell W.

    1976-01-01

    Discusses criticism of the Environmental Impact Statements now required for any proposed action by a federal agency. Stresses the advantages of using these statements, and how their quality standards can be raised. (MLH)

  18. Accounting Principles and Financial Statements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Daniel D.

    1973-01-01

    This document presents the background and analysis of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) guide to auditing colleges and universities. Highlights include the approval of the market value option, the treatment of endowment gains, debt services as transfers, the decisions on pledges, the use of financial statements, the…

  19. Consensus Statement Immunonutrition and Exercise.

    PubMed

    Bermon, Stephane; Castell, Lindy M; Calder, Philip C; Bishop, Nicolette C; Blomstrand, Eva; Mooren, Frank C; Krüger, Karsten; Kavazis, Andreas N; Quindry, John C; Senchina, David S; Nieman, David C; Gleeson, Michael; Pyne, David B; Kitic, Cecilia M; Close, Graeme L; Larson-Meyer, D Enette; Marcos, Ascension; Meydani, Simin N; Walsh, Neil P; Nagatomi, Ryochi

    2017-01-01

    In this consensus statement on immunonutrition and exercise, a panel of knowledgeable contributors from across the globe provides a consensus of updated science, including the background, the aspects for which a consensus actually exists, the controversies and, when possible, suggested directions for future research.

  20. 2009 Elections: The Candidates Statements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the candidates for the 2009 Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) election and their statements. The candidates are: (1) Andy Gibbons (President-Elect); (2) Barbara B. Lockee (President-Elect); (3) Mary Jean Bishop (At-Large Representative); and (4) Deepak Subramony (At-Large Representative). In…

  1. Financial Statements: Disclosures and Presentations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-12-01

    in the notes N, to the financial statements. (Church’s Fried Chicken , Inc., 1984 Annual Report, p. 31.) 5. Coatageies Th cmpnyidfedigliigatiomencd 91...expenditures incurred on the Company’s IlUinois coal property and of unrecovered advance royalties recorded on certain Kentucky coal leases. The realizable value

  2. Policy Statements and Position Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Dental Education, 1981

    1981-01-01

    The American Association of Dental Schools' policy statements on elements of preprofessional, predoctoral, advanced, continuing, and auxiliary education and research, and delivery of care are presented. Position papers on peer review, freedoms and responsibilities of individuals and institutions, national health programs, interdisciplinary…

  3. Paradigm Statements of Educational Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Peter J.

    Five distinct format categories are used in this study to describe the form of educational objectives: clarity, range, level of abstractness, behavioralness, and observability. These form concepts are used to describe paradigm statements of three kinds of educational objectives: goals, intended learning outcomes, and behavioral evidence. Goals are…

  4. Graphs as Statements of Belief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lake, David

    2002-01-01

    Identifies points where beliefs are important when making decisions about how graphs are drawn. Describes a simple case of the reaction between 'bicarb soda' and orange or lemon juice and discusses how drawing a graph becomes a statement of belief. (KHR)

  5. Statement on Spelling of Metre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metric Association, Inc., Boulder, CO.

    This report was prepared by the United States Metric Association (USMA) to present supportive evidence on the desirability of using the international English language spelling, metre, for the International System of Units (SI) unit of length, and litre for the common metric unit of volume. It contains a statement by the USMA, some background…

  6. Yavapai College Community Benefits Statements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salmon, Robert O.; Wing, Barbara; Fairchilds, Angie; Quinley, John W.

    The Yavapai College Districts Board and members of Yavapai College administration and staff developed this report. It contains 12 statements that compromise the core outcomes of the Yavapai College Mission. The extent to which each college addresses these outcomes is then reflected in a series of indicators that are tied to the individual…

  7. School Library Policy Statement. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg. Instructional Services Branch.

    A school library program is a basic component of education for all students. Manitoba Education and Training (MET) presents this policy statement to clarify the roles of the provincial government and the school districts in providing school library services. MET will provide policy and guideline documents to recommend standards, and funding…

  8. Early Childhood Education; Policy Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Foundation for the Blind, New York, NY.

    Provided by the American Foundation for the Blind are a background history and a policy statement on the early childhood education of blind or severely visually impaired children. Briefly reviewed is the prior trend of institutionalization for children with severe visual handicaps, subsequent development of organizations such as the Children's…

  9. Graphs as Statements of Belief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lake, David

    2002-01-01

    Identifies points where beliefs are important when making decisions about how graphs are drawn. Describes a simple case of the reaction between 'bicarb soda' and orange or lemon juice and discusses how drawing a graph becomes a statement of belief. (KHR)

  10. IFSP Outcome Statements Made Simple

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelden, M'Lisa L.; Rush, Dathan D.

    2014-01-01

    A critical component for implementing evidence-based early intervention supports and services is the ability to write family-centered, functional, participation-based outcomes. Participation-based outcome statements that are family-focused center on the desires and needs of the parents or other care providers and are based on their interest in…

  11. 2009 Elections: The Candidates Statements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the candidates for the 2009 Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) election and their statements. The candidates are: (1) Andy Gibbons (President-Elect); (2) Barbara B. Lockee (President-Elect); (3) Mary Jean Bishop (At-Large Representative); and (4) Deepak Subramony (At-Large Representative). In…

  12. Policy Statements and Position Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Dental Education, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Policy statements and position papers are presented that are intended as recommendations and guidelines for member institutions. They cover education, research, delivery of care, peer review, freedoms and responsibilities of individuals and institutions, national health programs, interdisciplinary education, radiation, and due process. (MLW)

  13. CRS Issue Statement on Terrorism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-11

    JAN 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE CRS Issue Statement on Terrorism 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER...Affairs cmigdalovitz@crs.loc.gov, 7-2667 Lauren Ploch Analyst in African Affairs lploch@crs.loc.gov, 7-7640 Elizabeth B. Bazan Legislative

  14. IFSP Outcome Statements Made Simple

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelden, M'Lisa L.; Rush, Dathan D.

    2014-01-01

    A critical component for implementing evidence-based early intervention supports and services is the ability to write family-centered, functional, participation-based outcomes. Participation-based outcome statements that are family-focused center on the desires and needs of the parents or other care providers and are based on their interest in…

  15. 10 CFR 51.29 - Scoping-environmental impact statement and supplement to environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Scoping-environmental impact statement and supplement to environmental impact statement. 51.29 Section 51.29 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED... statement and supplement to environmental impact statement. (a) The scoping process for an environmental...

  16. 10 CFR 51.29 - Scoping-environmental impact statement and supplement to environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Scoping-environmental impact statement and supplement to environmental impact statement. 51.29 Section 51.29 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED... statement and supplement to environmental impact statement. (a) The scoping process for an environmental...

  17. 10 CFR 51.29 - Scoping-environmental impact statement and supplement to environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Scoping-environmental impact statement and supplement to environmental impact statement. 51.29 Section 51.29 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED... statement and supplement to environmental impact statement. (a) The scoping process for an environmental...

  18. 12 CFR 327.2 - Certified statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... ASSESSMENTS In General § 327.2 Certified statements. (a) Required. (1) The certified statement shall also be...) The quarterly certified statement invoice shall reflect the institution's risk assignment, assessment base, assessment computation, and assessment amount, for each quarterly assessment period....

  19. Mission Statement Analysis of CCCU Member Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firmin, Michael W.; Gilson, Krista Merrick

    2010-01-01

    Assessed were the mission statements of 107 member institutions of the Coalition of Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU). The analysis was conducted on a microlevel via appraising the frequency of words used in the statements as well as the general constructs expressed. The respective mission statements were coded for content and common…

  20. 75 FR 22577 - Proposed Privacy Policy Statement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... COMMISSION Proposed Privacy Policy Statement AGENCY: U.S. Election Assistance Commission. ACTION: Notice and request for public comment on Proposed Privacy Policy Statement. SUMMARY: The U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC) seeks public comment on the Proposed Privacy Policy Statement. OMB Memorandum M-99-...

  1. 7 CFR 4280.140 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Financial statements. 4280.140 Section 4280.140... statements. (a) The financial information required in § 4280.116(b)(3)(v) and (b)(4) is required for the... annual audited financial statements, at its sole discretion when the Agency is concerned about the...

  2. 7 CFR 4280.140 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Financial statements. 4280.140 Section 4280.140... statements. (a) The financial information required in § 4280.116(b)(3)(v) and (b)(4) is required for the... annual audited financial statements, at its sole discretion when the Agency is concerned about the...

  3. 7 CFR 1217.51 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Financial statements. 1217.51 Section 1217.51... Education, and Industry Information Order Expenses and Assessments § 1217.51 Financial statements. (a) The Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Department on a quarterly basis, or at any...

  4. 7 CFR 1217.51 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Financial statements. 1217.51 Section 1217.51... Education, and Industry Information Order Expenses and Assessments § 1217.51 Financial statements. (a) The Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Department on a quarterly basis, or at any...

  5. 12 CFR 611.515 - Information statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Information statement. 611.515 Section 611.515... assets, a balance sheet and income statement of the bank and the association showing its financial... or association, as applicable, showing its financial condition after the transfer. The statements...

  6. 76 FR 54637 - Board Policy Statements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-01

    ... September 1, 2011 Part IV Farm Credit Administration 12 CFR Chapter VI Board Policy Statements; Rule #0;#0... CREDIT ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Chapter VI Board Policy Statements AGENCY: Farm Credit Administration. ACTION: Policy statements. SUMMARY: The Farm Credit Administration (FCA) Board recently undertook its...

  7. Understanding Financial Statements. Financial Matters. Board Basics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, John H.; Turner, Robert M.

    1998-01-01

    This booklet for trustees of higher education institutions offers guidelines to help trustees understand the institution's financial statements. Individual sections describe the three major financial statements and cover topics such as: (1) standards of the Financial Accounting Standards Board; (2) the "statement of financial position,"…

  8. 16 CFR 455.4 - Contrary statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Contrary statements. 455.4 Section 455.4 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES USED MOTOR VEHICLE TRADE REGULATION RULE § 455.4 Contrary statements. You may not make any statements, oral or written, or take other actions...

  9. 16 CFR 455.4 - Contrary statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Contrary statements. 455.4 Section 455.4 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES USED MOTOR VEHICLE TRADE REGULATION RULE § 455.4 Contrary statements. You may not make any statements, oral or written, or take other actions...

  10. 16 CFR 455.4 - Contrary statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Contrary statements. 455.4 Section 455.4 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES USED MOTOR VEHICLE TRADE REGULATION RULE § 455.4 Contrary statements. You may not make any statements, oral or written, or take other actions...

  11. 78 FR 31924 - Appraisal Subcommittee; Policy Statements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-28

    ... practice and reciprocity. Since 1997, the Policy Statements have remained largely unchanged with the... Statement 5: Reciprocity. The proposed Policy Statement addressed reciprocity policies consistent with Title XI. The Dodd-Frank act amended the Title XI provision on reciprocity to require that in order for...

  12. 42 CFR 460.208 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Financial statements. 460.208 Section 460.208... ELDERLY (PACE) Data Collection, Record Maintenance, and Reporting § 460.208 Financial statements. (a... must submit a certified financial statement that includes appropriate footnotes. (2) The...

  13. 42 CFR 460.208 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Financial statements. 460.208 Section 460.208... ELDERLY (PACE) Data Collection, Record Maintenance, and Reporting § 460.208 Financial statements. (a... must submit a certified financial statement that includes appropriate footnotes. (2) The...

  14. 7 CFR 3052.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Financial statements. 3052.310 Section 3052.310 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER....310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial...

  15. 7 CFR 1212.51 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Financial statements. 1212.51 Section 1212.51..., Promotion, Consumer Education, and Industry Information Order Expenses and Assessments § 1212.51 Financial statements. (a) The Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Department on a periodic...

  16. 7 CFR 1221.113 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Financial statements. 1221.113 Section 1221.113... Information Board § 1221.113 Financial statements. (a) As requested by the Secretary, the Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Secretary on a monthly basis. Each such financial...

  17. 42 CFR 460.208 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Financial statements. 460.208 Section 460.208... ELDERLY (PACE) Data Collection, Record Maintenance, and Reporting § 460.208 Financial statements. (a... must submit a certified financial statement that includes appropriate footnotes. (2) The...

  18. 7 CFR 1221.113 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Financial statements. 1221.113 Section 1221.113... Information Board § 1221.113 Financial statements. (a) As requested by the Secretary, the Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Secretary on a monthly basis. Each such financial...

  19. 7 CFR 3052.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Financial statements. 3052.310 Section 3052.310 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER....310 Financial statements. (a) Financial statements. The auditee shall prepare financial...

  20. 42 CFR 460.208 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Financial statements. 460.208 Section 460.208... ELDERLY (PACE) Data Collection, Record Maintenance, and Reporting § 460.208 Financial statements. (a... must submit a certified financial statement that includes appropriate footnotes. (2) The...

  1. 7 CFR 1221.113 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Financial statements. 1221.113 Section 1221.113... Information Board § 1221.113 Financial statements. (a) As requested by the Secretary, the Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Secretary on a monthly basis. Each such financial...

  2. 7 CFR 1217.51 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Financial statements. 1217.51 Section 1217.51... Education, and Industry Information Order Expenses and Assessments § 1217.51 Financial statements. (a) The Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Department on a quarterly basis, or at...

  3. 7 CFR 1212.51 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Financial statements. 1212.51 Section 1212.51..., Promotion, Consumer Education, and Industry Information Order Expenses and Assessments § 1212.51 Financial statements. (a) The Board shall prepare and submit financial statements to the Department on a periodic...

  4. 7 CFR 4279.237 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Financial statements. 4279.237 Section 4279.237... § 4279.237 Financial statements. The provisions of § 4279.137 do not apply to this subpart. Instead, the submittal of financial statements with the loan guarantee application must meet the requirements...

  5. 42 CFR 460.208 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Financial statements. 460.208 Section 460.208... ELDERLY (PACE) Data Collection, Record Maintenance, and Reporting § 460.208 Financial statements. (a... must submit a certified financial statement that includes appropriate footnotes. (2) The...

  6. 16 CFR 500.24 - Supplemental statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Supplemental statements. 500.24 Section 500.24 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENT OF GENERAL POLICY OR... PACKAGING AND LABELING ACT § 500.24 Supplemental statements. Nothing contained in the regulations in...

  7. 49 CFR 1113.9 - Prepared statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... that the witness testify orally if, in the officer's opinion, the memory or demeanor of the witness may... statement does not include argument. Before any such statement is read or admitted in evidence, the witness... admissibility of the evidence contained in such statement will be subject to the same rules as if such testimony...

  8. 49 CFR 1113.9 - Prepared statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... that the witness testify orally if, in the officer's opinion, the memory or demeanor of the witness may... statement does not include argument. Before any such statement is read or admitted in evidence, the witness... admissibility of the evidence contained in such statement will be subject to the same rules as if such testimony...

  9. Structural development of the Jan Mayen microcontinent (JMMC): An update of its role during the rift transition from the Ægir Ridge to the Kolbeinsey Ridge, and effects on the formation of the Greenland-Iceland-Faroe ridge complex.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blischke, Anett; Gaina, Carmen; Hopper, John R.; Peron-Pinvidic, Gwenn; Brandsdóttir, Bryndis; Guarnieri, Pierpaolo; Erlendsson, Ögmundur

    2016-04-01

    This study presents results of an ongoing PhD research project and proposes a revision of the Jan Mayen microcontinent's Cenozoic evolution with a special emphasis on the structural relationship to the Greenland-Iceland Faroe ridge complex. Recently acquired and publicly available geophysical and borehole data collected offshore Iceland since the early 1970s, facilitate a thorough review of Tertiary rift systems and their association with the Jan Mayen microcontinent, updating recent kinematic modelling that details the timing of the North Atlantic opening along the Jan Mayen transfer systems, and the Iceland-Faroe-Greenland transfer system bordering the Greenland-Iceland Faroe ridge complex, which covers a large area of thick crust that stretches across the North Atlantic Ocean between the central East Greenland and the North-West European margins. The established regional reflection seismic dataset interpretations and plate tectonic reconstructions indicate that the microcontinent may represent the southern extension of the East Greenland Jameson Land basin, suggesting a similar structural trend as the Faroe-Shetland basin. The Cenozoic structural evolution of the Jan Mayen microcontinent and surrounding oceanic crust includes six main phases that correlate to several major unconformities and related structures. Important events include the pre-break-up unconformity, the break-up to drift phase, a drifting phase and establishment of the Ægir Ridge seafloor spreading during the early Eocene, oblique seafloor spreading direction east of JMMC during mid-Eocene caused the formation of transform systems and uplift along the southern flank Jan Mayen microcontinent forming the Iceland Plateau Rift (Brandsdóttir et al. 2015), accompanied by igneous activity along the northeastern margin of the Blosseville Kyst (Larsen et al. 2014), ridge relocation via a southeast to northwest en-echelon ridge system transition from the southern extent of the microcontinent during the

  10. Overflow transports in Denmark Strait and the Faroe Bank Channel derived from combined moored ADCP and PIES measurements during 2011-2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moritz, Martin; Jochumsen, Kerstin; Quadfasel, Detlef

    2015-04-01

    The Denmark Strait (DS) and Faroe Bank Channel (FBC) are the major pathways of dense water leaving the Arctic Mediterranean. The water formed in the Nordic Seas crosses the sills of this passages and descends into the deep North Atlantic Ocean where it becomes part of the North Atlantic Deep Water. Estimates of strength and variability of these overflows are useful to observe temporal changes and understand mechanisms that may affect the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. The velocities in the overflows have been measured with Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs) for almost two decades. For transport estimates the thickness of the overflow plume is typically derived from the depth of maximum velocity shear. During 2011 and 2014 Pressure Inverted Echo Sounders (PIES) were added to the mooring sites. The thickness of the plume of overflow water that is usually characterized to be denser than σΦ=27.8 kgm-3 can be estimated from hydrographic profiles that were obtained from travel time measurements of the PIES. The volume transports in DS, calculated from ADCPs only and in combination with the plume thickness derived from PIES measurements, are compared. The mean difference between both is about 3% of the total transport of 3 Sv. Nevertheless, daily estimates can differ within the same magnitude, whereas the difference of monthly estimates reduces to about 0.3 Sv. The heat transport of the overflow relative to 0° C calculated from combined PIES and ADCP measurements across the DS varies within the order of 10 TW. Estimates of transports from hydraulic control theory were derived from PIES data upstream of the sills in DS and FBC and compared to transport observations at the sills. Additionally, the variability within the vertical structure of the water column in DS and FBC are analysed.

  11. Achievement of NKF/K-DOQI recommended target values for bone and mineral metabolism in incident hemodialysis patients: results of the FARO-2 cohort.

    PubMed

    Cozzolino, Mario; Messa, Piergiorgio; Brancaccio, Diego; Cannella, Giuseppe; Bolasco, Piergiorgio; Di Luca, Marina; Costanzo, Anna Maria; Paparatti, Umberto di Luzio; Festa, Vincenzo; Gualberti, Giuliana; Mazzaferro, Sandro

    2014-01-01

    Mineral Bone Disorders (MBD) is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients and associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. The FARO-2 study evaluated the achievement of the NKF/K-DOQI guidelines on recommended target values for serum calcium (Ca), phosphorous (P) and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels on survival in incident HD patients. Data were collected by questionnaire from 568 incident HD patients followed prospectively over a 3-year period from 26 Italian dialysis units. The cumulative probability of time-to-death for CKD-MBD treatment characteristics was determined by the Kaplan-Meier curves. Serum PTH levels (median values at 6 months vs. 36 months; 225 vs. 254 pg/ml), Ca (8.8 vs. 8.9 g/dl) and P (5.1 vs. 4.8 mg/dl) were not significantly different at 6 months versus follow-up. The majority of incident HD patients (60-70%) who were followed up for 36 months did not achieve the NKF/K-DOQI recommended target values. Survival rates were higher in patients on target for three parameters versus patients off target (survival at 24 months: at target 95.7% (95% CI: 84.0-98.9) versus not on target 71.1% (95% CI: 66.3-75.4, p < 0.01)). The 30.1% of patients on target for three MBD parameters at least once during the follow-up period had better survival rates compared to those not reaching these targets (survival at 24 months: at least once 88.0% (95% CI: 81.9-92.1); 67.7% (95% CI: 61.9-72.8, p < 0.01)). Our findings indicate that incident HD patients who achieved target levels (for three MBD parameters) for at least one visit have a lower risk of mortality. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. A first screening and risk assessment of pharmaceuticals and additives in personal care products in waste water, sludge, recipient water and sediment from Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland.

    PubMed

    Huber, Sandra; Remberger, Mikael; Kaj, Lennart; Schlabach, Martin; Jörundsdóttir, Hrönn Ó; Vester, Jette; Arnórsson, Mímir; Mortensen, Inge; Schwartson, Richard; Dam, Maria

    2016-08-15

    A screening of a broad range of pharmaceuticals and additives in personal care products (PPCPs) in sub-arctic locations of the Faroe Islands (FO), Iceland (IS) and Greenland (GL) was conducted. In total 36 pharmaceuticals including some metabolites, and seven additives in personal care products were investigated in influent and effluent waters as well as sludge of waste water treatment plants (WWTPs) and in water and sediment of recipients. Concentrations and distribution patterns for PPCPs discharged via sewage lines (SLs) to the marine environment were assessed. Of the 36 pharmaceuticals or metabolites analysed 33 were found close to or above the limit of detection (LOD) in all or a part of the samples. All of the seven investigated additives in personal care products were detected above the LOD. Some of the analysed PPCPs occurred in every or almost every sample. Among these were diclofenac, ibuprofen, lidocaine, naproxen, metformin, citalopram, venlafaxine, amiloride, furosemide, metoprolol, sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and cetrimonium salt (ATAC-C16). Additionally, the study encompasses ecotoxicological risk assessment of 2/3 of the analysed PPCPs in recipient and diluted effluent waters. For candesartan only a small margin to levels with inacceptable risks was observed in diluted effluent waters at two locations (FO). Chronical risks for aquatic organisms staying and/or living around WWTP effluent pipe-outlets were indicated for 17β-estradiol and estriol in the three countries. Additives in PCPs were found to pose the largest risk to the aquatic environment. The surfactants CAPB and ATAC-C16 were found in concentrations resulting in risk factors up to 375 for CAPB and 165 for ATAC-C16 in recipients for diluted effluents from Iggia, Nuuk (GL) and Torshavn (FO) respectively. These results demonstrates a potentially high ecological risk stemming from discharge of surfactants as used in household and industrial detergents as well as additives in personal care

  13. 45 CFR 1636.3 - Access to written statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Access to written statements. 1636.3 Section 1636... CLIENT IDENTITY AND STATEMENT OF FACTS § 1636.3 Access to written statements. (a) Written statements of... written statement of facts, either in the lawsuit or through any other procedure. Access to the statement...

  14. 45 CFR 1636.3 - Access to written statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Access to written statements. 1636.3 Section 1636... CLIENT IDENTITY AND STATEMENT OF FACTS § 1636.3 Access to written statements. (a) Written statements of... written statement of facts, either in the lawsuit or through any other procedure. Access to the statement...

  15. 45 CFR 1636.3 - Access to written statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Access to written statements. 1636.3 Section 1636... CLIENT IDENTITY AND STATEMENT OF FACTS § 1636.3 Access to written statements. (a) Written statements of... written statement of facts, either in the lawsuit or through any other procedure. Access to the statement...

  16. 45 CFR 1636.3 - Access to written statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Access to written statements. 1636.3 Section 1636... CLIENT IDENTITY AND STATEMENT OF FACTS § 1636.3 Access to written statements. (a) Written statements of... written statement of facts, either in the lawsuit or through any other procedure. Access to the statement...

  17. Consolidated financial statements for fiscal year 1996

    SciTech Connect

    1997-02-01

    The following overview and accompanying audited financial statements have been prepared for Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 to report the financial position and the results of operations of the Department of Energy. These statements include the consolidated Statement of Financial Position and the consolidated Statement of Operations and Changes in Net Position. The statements have been prepared in accordance with the Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 94-01, Form and Content for Agency Financial Statements, and were developed in accordance with the hierarchy of accounting standards described therein. The overview provides a narrative on the Department of Energy`s mission, activities, and accomplishments. Utilizing performance measures as the primary vehicle for communicating Departmental accomplishments and results, this overview discusses the most significant measures while others are discussed in the supplemental information to the financial statements.

  18. HPV (Human Papillomavirus) vaccine - what you need to know

    MedlinePlus

    ... taken in its entirety from the CDC HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Vaccine Information Statement (VIS): www.cdc.gov/ ... statements/hpv.html . CDC review information for HPV (Human Papillomavirus) VIS: Page last reviewed: December 2, 2016 ...

  19. Solar System Analog; WMO Statement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    Scientists searching for extra-solar planets have discovered the closest known analog to our own Solar System. A planet with a mass about twice that of Jupiter is in a near-circular orbit of the star HD70642, a team of astronomers from Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States announced on 3 July at a conference in Paris on extra-solar planets.The planet measures about three-fifths the size of Jupiter, circles its star about every six years, and is in an orbit equivalent to being about halfway between Mars and Jupiter if it were located in our Solar System, according to the astronomers. The star is about 90 light years away from Earth in the constellation Puppis.Public concern about a spate of well-publicized, extreme weather events around the world this year has prompted the World Meteorological Organization to issue a statement that, as global temperatures continues to rise due to climate change, the number and intensity of extreme events might increase. The July 2 statement is based on scientific assessments by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and others, rather than on any new studies, according to Ken Davidson, director orf WMO's World Climate Program Department. The statement cites record high termperatures so far this summer in southern France and in Switzerland, an abnormally high number of tornadoes in the U.S. in May, and particularly heavy rains from tropical cyclones in Sri Lanka.

  20. Writing a PACS program statement.

    PubMed

    Rowe, W M; Moffitt, M E; Bunnell, W J

    1995-01-01

    Medical telecommunications is becoming a necessity for maintaining the quality of care and delivering services on a timely basis in the current environment of cutting services and specialists to reduce costs. (Vanden Brink 1994). Picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) and teleradiology are increasingly viable because there is easier connectivity among modalities and manufacturers. Agreement on the DICOM Standard is one step toward greater connectivity. Two-thirds of the 350 radiology administrators, radiologists, hospital administrators and MIS directors interviewed for the 1994 IMACS/PACS Tracking Study believe that the use of image telecommunication technology is growing. In 1993, Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) formed a committee to evaluate the need for PACS and to compile a program statement. The principal purpose of the program statement is to provide fundamental information that can be understood easily by individuals outside the radiology department. It outlines the benefits of PACS and includes a financial analysis of the purchase and installation of a system. Key elements of the program statement include a description and analysis of the existing film library system, advantages of PACS, implementation plan, financial proforma and integration with the hospital information system. These and other topics are covered in detail in the following article.

  1. 76 FR 70149 - Office of Refugee Resettlement; Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-10

    ... awareness on human trafficking, and increases identification of potential victims of severe forms of... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Refugee Resettlement; Statement of... Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families (ACF) as...

  2. 78 FR 64520 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-29

    ... developmental disabilities; family structure and the dynamics of human population; the reproductive process; and... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of... Delegations of Authority for the Department of Health and Human Services (40 FR 22859, May 27, 1975,...

  3. 77 FR 43831 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-26

    ... FR 27070-27071, dated May 8, 2012) is amended to reorganize the Human Capital and Resources... functional statements for the Human Capital and Resources Management Office (CAJQ) and insert the following: Human Capital and Resources Management Office (CAJ0). (1) Provides leadership, policy...

  4. 78 FR 956 - Statement of Organization, Functions and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-07

    ... coordinates HRSA's activities in the areas of human resources management, including labor relations, personnel... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Statement of Organization, Functions and... of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Health Resources and Services...

  5. 77 FR 43837 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-26

    ... health goals; (4) provides overall budgetary and human resource management, and administrative support... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR...

  6. 77 FR 74665 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement, Public Scoping Meeting, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental... Human Services (HHS) announces its intent to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the...), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). ACTION: Notice of intent; meeting announcement and request...

  7. How Framing Statistical Statements Affects Subjective Veracity: Validation and Application of a Multinomial Model for Judgments of Truth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilbig, Benjamin E.

    2012-01-01

    Extending the well-established negativity bias in human cognition to truth judgments, it was recently shown that negatively framed statistical statements are more likely to be considered true than formally equivalent statements framed positively. However, the underlying processes responsible for this effect are insufficiently understood.…

  8. VDRA therapy is associated with improved survival in dialysis patients with serum intact PTH ≤ 150 pg/mL: results of the Italian FARO Survey.

    PubMed

    Cozzolino, Mario; Brancaccio, Diego; Cannella, Giuseppe; Messa, Piergiorgio; Gesualdo, Loreto; Marangella, Martino; LoDeserto, Cosimo; Pozzato, Marco; Rombolà, Giuseppe; Costanzo, Anna Maria; di Luzio Paparatti, Umberto; Mazzaferro, Sandro

    2012-09-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients affected by mineral bone disorders (MBD) have higher rates of all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality. Approximately, one-third of dialysis patients have low serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels (≤ 150 pg/mL). However, the reason why these patients have higher mortality compared to patients with normal PTH levels has not yet been fully elucidated. The FARO study was performed on 2453 Italian patients followed prospectively from 28 dialysis centres over a 2-year period. Data were collected every 6 months and end points included time-to-death cumulative probability in patients with serum intact PTH (iPTH) ≤ 150 pg/mL and the effect of vitamin D receptor activation (VDRA) therapy. Kaplan-Meier curves and proportional hazards regression models stratified by PTH levels (i.e. ≤ 150 and >150 pg/mL) were used to determine cumulative probability of time-to-death and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for demographic, clinical and CKD-MBD treatment characteristics. The cumulative probability of death was higher (P < 0.01) for patients with serum iPTH levels ≤ 150 pg/mL [25.1%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 22.1-28.5 at 18 months] versus those with serum iPTH levels within the normal range (18.0%, 95% CI: 16.1-20.1). In a model with time-dependent covariates restricted to time periods when patients had iPTH levels ≤ 150 pg/mL, lower mortality was observed in patients treated with VDRA [i.e. HR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.42-0.92 for oral or intravenous (IV) calcitriol; HR = 0.18, 95% CI: 0.04-0.8 for IV paricalcitol] versus those not receiving any VDRA (P < 0.01) independently of other variables. Patients who received IV paricalcitol, compared with either oral or IV calcitriol, showed reduced mortality, but this was not statistically significant (HR = 0.3, 95% CI: 0.07-1.31, P = 0.11). Results from this observational study suggest that VDRA therapy was associated with improved survival in dialysis patients, even with low serum i

  9. Biochemical screening of 504,049 newborns in Denmark, the Faroe Islands and Greenland--experience and development of a routine program for expanded newborn screening.

    PubMed

    Lund, Allan Meldgaard; Hougaard, David Michael; Simonsen, Henrik; Andresen, Brage Storstein; Christensen, Mette; Dunø, Morten; Skogstrand, Kristin; Olsen, Rikke K J; Jensen, Ulrich Glümer; Cohen, Arieh; Larsen, Nanna; Saugmann-Jensen, Peter; Gregersen, Niels; Brandt, Niels Jacob; Christensen, Ernst; Skovby, Flemming; Nørgaard-Pedersen, Bent

    2012-11-01

    Expanded newborn screening for selected inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) in Denmark, the Faroe Islands and Greenland was introduced in 2002. We now present clinical, biochemical, and statistical results of expanded screening (excluding PKU) of 504,049 newborns during nine years as well as diagnoses and clinical findings in 82,930 unscreened newborns born in the same period. The frequencies of diagnoses made within the panel of disorders screened for are compared with the frequencies of the disorders in the decade preceding expanded newborn screening. The expanded screening was performed as a pilot study during the first seven years, and the experience obtained during these years was used in the development of the routine neonatal screening program introduced in 2009. Methods for screening included tandem mass spectrometry and an assay for determination of biotinidase activity. A total of 310 samples from 504,049 newborns gave positive screening results. Of the 310 results, 114 were true positive, including results from 12 newborns in which the disease in question was subsequently diagnosed in their mothers. Thus, the overall frequency of an IEM in the screening panel was 1:4942 (mothers excluded) or 1:4421 (mothers included). The false positive rate was 0.038% and positive predictive value 37%. Overall specificity was 99.99%. All patients with true positive results were followed in The Center for Inherited Metabolic Disorders in Copenhagen, and the mean follow-up period was 45 months (range 2109 months). There were no deaths among the 102 children, and 94% had no clinically significant sequelae at last follow-up. Our study confirms the higher frequency of selected IEM after implementation of expanded newborn screening and suggests an improved outcome for several disorders. We argue that newborn screening for these disorders should be standard of care, though unresolved issues remain, e.g. about newborns with a potential for remaining asymptomatic throughout life

  10. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine

    MedlinePlus

    Why get vaccinated?HPV vaccine prevents infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) types that are associated with cause ... at http://www.cdc.gov/hpv. HPV Vaccine (Human Papillomavirus) Information Statement. U.S. Department of Health and ...

  11. Position Statement On Climate Change.

    PubMed

    2016-05-01

    The North Carolina Environmental Justice Network (NCEJN), a coalition of grassroots organizations, developed a statement to explain our environmental justice perspective on climate change to predominantly white environmental groups that seek to partner with us. NCEJN opposes strategies that reduce greenhouse emissions while maintaining or magnifying existing social, economic, and environmental injustices. Wealthy communities that consume a disproportionate share of resources avoid the most severe consequences of their consumption by displacing pollution on communities of color and low income. Therefore, the success of climate change activism depends on building an inclusive movement based on principles of racial, social and economic justice, and self-determination for all people.

  12. 48 CFR 35.005 - Work statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... and creativity. Work statements must be individually tailored by technical and contracting personnel to attain the desired degree of flexibility for contractor creativity and the objectives of the...

  13. 48 CFR 35.005 - Work statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... and creativity. Work statements must be individually tailored by technical and contracting personnel to attain the desired degree of flexibility for contractor creativity and the objectives of the...

  14. 48 CFR 35.005 - Work statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... and creativity. Work statements must be individually tailored by technical and contracting personnel to attain the desired degree of flexibility for contractor creativity and the objectives of the...

  15. 48 CFR 35.005 - Work statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... and creativity. Work statements must be individually tailored by technical and contracting personnel to attain the desired degree of flexibility for contractor creativity and the objectives of the...

  16. 48 CFR 35.005 - Work statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... and creativity. Work statements must be individually tailored by technical and contracting personnel to attain the desired degree of flexibility for contractor creativity and the objectives of the...

  17. 18 CFR 706.403 - Form of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Form of statements. 706... RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT Statements of Employment and Financial Interests § 706.403 Form of statements. An employee required to submit a statement of employment and financial interests shall submit that statement...

  18. 18 CFR 706.403 - Form of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Form of statements. 706... RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT Statements of Employment and Financial Interests § 706.403 Form of statements. An employee required to submit a statement of employment and financial interests shall submit that statement...

  19. 18 CFR 706.403 - Form of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Form of statements. 706... RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT Statements of Employment and Financial Interests § 706.403 Form of statements. An employee required to submit a statement of employment and financial interests shall submit that statement...

  20. 18 CFR 706.403 - Form of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Form of statements. 706... RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT Statements of Employment and Financial Interests § 706.403 Form of statements. An employee required to submit a statement of employment and financial interests shall submit that statement...

  1. 7 CFR 1980.445 - Periodic financial statements and audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... periodic financial statements to the lender. Lenders must forward copies of the financial statements and the lender's analysis of the statements to the Agency. (a) Audited financial statements. Except as... section shall be considered an impediment to the lender requiring financial statements more......

  2. Objectives of Financial Statements. Report of the Study Group on the Objectives of Financial Statements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Inst. of Certified Public Accountants, New York, NY.

    This report discusses the objectives of financial statements. Emphasis is placed on the function of objectives; users, their goals, and their information needs; the primary enterprise goal and earning power; accountability and financial statements; financial statements--reporting on the goal attainment of business enterprises; financial…

  3. Effects of contaminants in roundnose grenadier ( coryphaenoides rupestris) and Norway lobster ( nephrops norvegicus) and contaminant levels in mussels ( mytilus edulis) in the skagerrak and kattegat compared to the faroe islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Förlin, Lars; Baden, Susanne Pihl; Eriksson, Susanne; Granmo, Åke; Lindesjöö, Eric; Magnusson, Kerstin; Ekelund, Rolf; Esselin, Anders; Sturve, Joachim

    1996-02-01

    In situ biomonitoring of roundnose grenadier ( Coryphaenoides rupestris) and Norway lobster ( Nephrops norvegicus) and measurements of pollutants levels in caged common mussel ( Mytilus edulis) were used to assess the environmental impact of contaminants in the Skagerrak and Kattegat and near the Faroe Islands. By comparing the responses of a suite of established and potential biomarkers, i.e. different liver detoxification enzymes and histopathology in roundnose grenadier in the Skagerrak, and at a reference site off the Faroe Islands, evidence was found that the deeper parts of the Skagerrak are affected by anthropogenic contaminants. Levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and organochlorines in caged mussels were compared with those sediment. The Skagerrak/Kattegat area was found to be more polluted than the Faroe area and the caged mussels bioaccumulated the PAHs to a higher degree than the organochlorines. This seems to indicate that the PAHs in the sediments are more bioavailable than the organochlorines and that the induced ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activities observed in Skagerrak roundnouse grenadier may be due to PAH exposure. The Norway lobster accumulated manganese to various degrees in the different parts of the organism. The excretion rate of manganese could not cope with the uptake rate at higher exposure concentrations. Enhanced manganese concentrations, especially in the gills and haemolymph, seem to be a useful indication of increased manganese levels in the water. Hypoxia makes a sediment-bound manganese much more bioavailable. The elevated levels of manganese in Norway lobster from the Skagerrak/Kattegat area therefore seem to reflect the increasing occurrence of hypoxic conditions in the Kattegat and coastal areas of the Skagerrak. Accumulated manganese in Norway lobster may thus serve as a biomarker of hypoxia. In conclusion, the use of a suite of different biomarkers in ecotoxicological and ecophysiological studies and analyses

  4. Developing cancer warning statements for alcoholic beverages.

    PubMed

    Pettigrew, Simone; Jongenelis, Michelle; Chikritzhs, Tanya; Slevin, Terry; Pratt, Iain S; Glance, David; Liang, Wenbin

    2014-08-03

    There is growing evidence of the increased cancer risk associated with alcohol consumption, but this is not well understood by the general public. This study investigated the acceptability among drinkers of cancer warning statements for alcoholic beverages. Six focus groups were conducted with Australian drinkers to develop a series of cancer-related warning statements for alcohol products. Eleven cancer warning statements and one general health warning statement were subsequently tested on 2,168 drinkers via an online survey. The statements varied by message frame (positive vs negative), cancer reference (general vs specific), and the way causality was communicated ('increases risk of cancer' vs 'can cause cancer'). Overall, responses to the cancer statements were neutral to favorable, indicating that they are unlikely to encounter high levels of negative reaction from the community if introduced on alcoholic beverages. Females, younger respondents, and those with higher levels of education generally found the statements to be more believable, convincing, and personally relevant. Positively framed messages, those referring to specific forms of cancer, and those using 'increases risk of cancer' performed better than negatively framed messages, those referring to cancer in general, and those using the term 'can cause cancer'. Cancer warning statements on alcoholic beverages constitute a potential means of increasing awareness about the relationship between alcohol consumption and cancer risk.

  5. Position Statement on Active Outdoor Play

    PubMed Central

    Tremblay, Mark S.; Gray, Casey; Babcock, Shawna; Barnes, Joel; Costas Bradstreet, Christa; Carr, Dawn; Chabot, Guylaine; Choquette, Louise; Chorney, David; Collyer, Cam; Herrington, Susan; Janson, Katherine; Janssen, Ian; Larouche, Richard; Pickett, William; Power, Marlene; Sandseter, Ellen Beate Hansen; Simon, Brenda; Brussoni, Mariana

    2015-01-01

    A diverse, cross-sectorial group of partners, stakeholders and researchers, collaborated to develop an evidence-informed Position Statement on active outdoor play for children aged 3–12 years. The Position Statement was created in response to practitioner, academic, legal, insurance and public debate, dialogue and disagreement on the relative benefits and harms of active (including risky) outdoor play. The Position Statement development process was informed by two systematic reviews, a critical appraisal of the current literature and existing position statements, engagement of research experts (N = 9) and cross-sectorial individuals/organizations (N = 17), and an extensive stakeholder consultation process (N = 1908). More than 95% of the stakeholders consulted strongly agreed or somewhat agreed with the Position Statement; 14/17 participating individuals/organizations endorsed it; and over 1000 additional individuals and organizations requested their name be listed as a supporter. The final Position Statement on Active Outdoor Play states: “Access to active play in nature and outdoors—with its risks— is essential for healthy child development. We recommend increasing children’s opportunities for self-directed play outdoors in all settings—at home, at school, in child care, the community and nature.” The full Position Statement provides context for the statement, evidence supporting it, and a series of recommendations to increase active outdoor play opportunities to promote healthy child development. PMID:26062040

  6. 14 CFR 313.6 - Energy statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy statements. 313.6 Section 313.6... REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT § 313.6 Energy statements. (a) Each major... action taken or to be taken upon energy efficiency and conservation. The administrative law judge or...

  7. 14 CFR 313.6 - Energy statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy statements. 313.6 Section 313.6... REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT § 313.6 Energy statements. (a) Each major... action taken or to be taken upon energy efficiency and conservation. The administrative law judge or...

  8. 14 CFR 313.6 - Energy statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy statements. 313.6 Section 313.6... REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT § 313.6 Energy statements. (a) Each major... action taken or to be taken upon energy efficiency and conservation. The administrative law judge or...

  9. 14 CFR 313.6 - Energy statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy statements. 313.6 Section 313.6... REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT § 313.6 Energy statements. (a) Each major... action taken or to be taken upon energy efficiency and conservation. The administrative law judge or...

  10. 14 CFR 313.6 - Energy statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy statements. 313.6 Section 313.6... REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT § 313.6 Energy statements. (a) Each major... action taken or to be taken upon energy efficiency and conservation. The administrative law judge or...

  11. 78 FR 48672 - Environmental Impacts Statements;

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice of Availability Responsible Agency: Office of Federal... Environmental Impact Statements Filed 07/29/2013 Through 08/02/2013 Pursuant to 40 CFR 1506.9. Notice Section...

  12. Position Statement on Active Outdoor Play.

    PubMed

    Tremblay, Mark S; Gray, Casey; Babcock, Shawna; Barnes, Joel; Bradstreet, Christa Costas; Carr, Dawn; Chabot, Guylaine; Choquette, Louise; Chorney, David; Collyer, Cam; Herrington, Susan; Janson, Katherine; Janssen, Ian; Larouche, Richard; Pickett, William; Power, Marlene; Sandseter, Ellen Beate Hansen; Simon, Brenda; Brussoni, Mariana

    2015-06-08

    A diverse, cross-sectorial group of partners, stakeholders and researchers, collaborated to develop an evidence-informed Position Statement on active outdoor play for children aged 3-12 years. The Position Statement was created in response to practitioner, academic, legal, insurance and public debate, dialogue and disagreement on the relative benefits and harms of active (including risky) outdoor play. The Position Statement development process was informed by two systematic reviews, a critical appraisal of the current literature and existing position statements, engagement of research experts (N=9) and cross-sectorial individuals/organizations (N=17), and an extensive stakeholder consultation process (N=1908). More than 95% of the stakeholders consulted strongly agreed or somewhat agreed with the Position Statement; 14/17 participating individuals/organizations endorsed it; and over 1000 additional individuals and organizations requested their name be listed as a supporter. The final Position Statement on Active Outdoor Play states: "Access to active play in nature and outdoors--with its risks--is essential for healthy child development. We recommend increasing children's opportunities for self-directed play outdoors in all settings--at home, at school, in child care, the community and nature." The full Position Statement provides context for the statement, evidence supporting it, and a series of recommendations to increase active outdoor play opportunities to promote healthy child development.

  13. Applying Statement 34's Capital Asset Requirements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finden, Randal

    2001-01-01

    Discusses common issues and offers recommendations related to revisions in Governmental Accounting Standards Board Statement 34 wherein the financial reporting of the general fixed-assets account group is eliminated and instead a school district's general capital assets are reported and depreciated on the new statement of net assets and statement…

  14. 13 CFR 314.8 - Recorded statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Recorded statement. 314.8 Section 314.8 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROPERTY Real Property § 314.8 Recorded statement. (a) For all Projects involving the...

  15. Exhibit 5: Policy Statements and Position Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Dental Education, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Policy statements and position papers adopted by the American Association of Dental Schools are presented. Policy statements cover education, research, delivery of care, and health concerns. Position papers concern peer review, freedoms and responsibilities of individuals and institutions, national health programs, interdisciplinary education,…

  16. 29 CFR 531.25 - Introductory statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Introductory statement. 531.25 Section 531.25 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS WAGE PAYMENTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 Interpretations § 531.25 Introductory statement. (a...

  17. Statement on the Disclosure of Test Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Presents the text of the American Psychological Association's Statement on the Disclosure of Test Data. Areas addressed by the statement include access to data; informing the test's taker of the purpose, use, and results; data dissemination; copyright interests; conforming to regulatory statutes and mandates; and the role of psychologists in…

  18. 18 CFR 706.405 - Supplementary statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT Statements of Employment and Financial Interests § 706.405... employment and financial interests shall be reported in a supplementary statement, in the format prescribed... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Supplementary...

  19. 18 CFR 706.405 - Supplementary statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT Statements of Employment and Financial Interests § 706.405... employment and financial interests shall be reported in a supplementary statement, in the format prescribed... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Supplementary...

  20. Framing a South Africa Policy Statement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Roger F.

    1978-01-01

    A model position statement for the college trustee is presented that deals with the management of and decision-making for corporate equity securities. Neither selling the stock nor leaving decisions on social issues, such as the apartheid one, to corporate management is seen as a satisfactory alternative. Adoption of a position statement can guide…

  1. An Analysis of Private School Mission Statements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boerema, Albert J.

    2006-01-01

    This article is a study of private school mission/vision statements using content analysis. Statements from private schools in British Columbia, Canada, that provided instruction to Grade 12 students were analyzed to explore the diversity that lies within the private school sector. The concepts that emerged from the analysis were grouped into five…

  2. Chasing Killer Statements From The Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon, Marianne

    1975-01-01

    This teacher discusses techniques she uses to rid the classroom of "killer statements", which are negative statements that express some kind of anger or distress and are unthinking outgrowths of the desire to get back at the world when feeling needy or deprived.

  3. 27 CFR 4.62 - Mandatory statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mandatory statements. 4.62 Section 4.62 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT... statements. (a) Responsible advertiser. The advertisement shall state the name and address of the...

  4. 27 CFR 5.63 - Mandatory statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ....” (2) Optional statement. In addition, the advertisement may also state the alcohol content in degrees... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mandatory statements. 5.63 Section 5.63 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU,...

  5. 27 CFR 7.52 - Mandatory statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mandatory statements. 7.52 Section 7.52 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT....52 Mandatory statements. (a) Responsible advertiser. The advertisement shall state the name...

  6. 47 CFR 76.1801 - Registration statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Registration statement. 76.1801 Section 76.1801... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Reports and Filings § 76.1801 Registration statement. (a) A system community... signals to be carried which previously have not been certified or registered; and (7) The FCC...

  7. 47 CFR 76.1801 - Registration statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Registration statement. 76.1801 Section 76.1801... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Reports and Filings § 76.1801 Registration statement. (a) A system community... signals to be carried which previously have not been certified or registered; and (7) The FCC...

  8. 49 CFR 107.503 - Registration statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Registration statement. 107.503 Section 107.503... PROGRAM PROCEDURES Registration of Cargo Tank and Cargo Tank Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Assemblers, Repairers, Inspectors, Testers, and Design Certifying Engineers § 107.503 Registration statement. (a)...

  9. 47 CFR 76.1801 - Registration statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Registration statement. 76.1801 Section 76.1801... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Reports and Filings § 76.1801 Registration statement. (a) A system community... signals to be carried which previously have not been certified or registered; and (7) The FCC...

  10. 47 CFR 76.1801 - Registration statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Registration statement. 76.1801 Section 76.1801... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Reports and Filings § 76.1801 Registration statement. (a) A system community... signals to be carried which previously have not been certified or registered; and (7) The FCC...

  11. Students' Interpretations of Mathematical Statements Involving Quantification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piatek-Jimenez, Katrina

    2010-01-01

    Mathematical statements involving both universal and existential quantifiers occur frequently in advanced mathematics. Despite their prevalence, mathematics students often have difficulties interpreting and proving quantified statements. Through task-based interviews, this study took a qualitative look at undergraduate mathematics students'…

  12. Alaskan Environmental Impact Statements--A Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewandowski, Joseph J., Comp.

    This bibliography is an attempt at compiling and organizing a comprehensive list of Alaska environmental impact statements. Arrangement is by the main issuing or responsible agency and is then divided into sub-agencies. Several publications which are not official environmental impact statements, but of a similar nature, are also included. The…

  13. 29 CFR 570.101 - Introductory statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS OF INTERPRETATION General Statements of Interpretation of the Child Labor...) This subpart discusses the meaning and scope of the child labor provisions contained in the Fair Labor...

  14. 29 CFR 570.101 - Introductory statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS OF INTERPRETATION General Statements of Interpretation of the Child Labor...) This subpart discusses the meaning and scope of the child labor provisions contained in the Fair...

  15. 29 CFR 570.101 - Introductory statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS OF INTERPRETATION General Statements of Interpretation of the Child Labor...) This subpart discusses the meaning and scope of the child labor provisions contained in the Fair...

  16. 29 CFR 570.101 - Introductory statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS OF INTERPRETATION General Statements of Interpretation of the Child Labor...) This subpart discusses the meaning and scope of the child labor provisions contained in the Fair...

  17. 29 CFR 570.101 - Introductory statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS OF INTERPRETATION General Statements of Interpretation of the Child Labor...) This subpart discusses the meaning and scope of the child labor provisions contained in the Fair...

  18. 7 CFR 1580.101 - General statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false General statement. 1580.101 Section 1580.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TRADE ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE FOR FARMERS § 1580.101 General statement. This...

  19. 49 CFR 1113.9 - Prepared statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... the officer, a witness may read into the record, as his testimony, statements of fact or expressions of opinion prepared by the witness, or written answers to interrogatories of counsel. A prepared..., a copy of such statement or of such interrogatories and the written answers thereto....

  20. 49 CFR 1113.9 - Prepared statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... the officer, a witness may read into the record, as his testimony, statements of fact or expressions of opinion prepared by the witness, or written answers to interrogatories of counsel. A prepared..., a copy of such statement or of such interrogatories and the written answers thereto....

  1. 49 CFR 1113.9 - Prepared statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... the officer, a witness may read into the record, as his testimony, statements of fact or expressions of opinion prepared by the witness, or written answers to interrogatories of counsel. A prepared..., a copy of such statement or of such interrogatories and the written answers thereto....

  2. 29 CFR 99.310 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Financial statements. 99.310 Section 99.310 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditees § 99... have separate audits in accordance with § 99.500(a) and prepare separate financial statements. (b...

  3. A Typology of Statements about Discourse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pallotti, Gabriele

    2016-01-01

    The article presents a typology of statements that can be made about discourse data. The classification is based on two parameters: level of generality and level of interpretation. Each of these is operationalized into three discrete levels, to yield a nine-cell table containing types of statements going from the presentation of a single case to…

  4. 37 CFR 2.33 - Verified statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Verified statement. 2.33 Section 2.33 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES The Written Application § 2.33 Verified statement. (a) The...

  5. 7 CFR 371.1 - General statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false General statement. 371.1 Section 371.1 Agriculture..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION, FUNCTIONS, AND DELEGATIONS OF AUTHORITY § 371.1 General statement. (a... (AC) Deputy Administrator, International Services (IS) Director, Policy and Program Development (PPD...

  6. 7 CFR 371.1 - General statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false General statement. 371.1 Section 371.1 Agriculture..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION, FUNCTIONS, AND DELEGATIONS OF AUTHORITY § 371.1 General statement. (a... (AC) Deputy Administrator, International Services (IS) Director, Policy and Program Development (PPD...

  7. 7 CFR 371.1 - General statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false General statement. 371.1 Section 371.1 Agriculture..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION, FUNCTIONS, AND DELEGATIONS OF AUTHORITY § 371.1 General statement. (a... (AC) Deputy Administrator, International Services (IS) Director, Policy and Program Development (PPD...

  8. 7 CFR 371.1 - General statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General statement. 371.1 Section 371.1 Agriculture..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION, FUNCTIONS, AND DELEGATIONS OF AUTHORITY § 371.1 General statement. (a... (AC) Deputy Administrator, International Services (IS) Director, Policy and Program Development (PPD...

  9. A Typology of Statements about Discourse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pallotti, Gabriele

    2016-01-01

    The article presents a typology of statements that can be made about discourse data. The classification is based on two parameters: level of generality and level of interpretation. Each of these is operationalized into three discrete levels, to yield a nine-cell table containing types of statements going from the presentation of a single case to…

  10. Exhibit 5: Policy Statements and Position Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Dental Education, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Policy statements and position papers adopted by the American Association of Dental Schools are presented. Policy statements cover education, research, delivery of care, and health concerns. Position papers concern peer review, freedoms and responsibilities of individuals and institutions, national health programs, interdisciplinary education,…

  11. 27 CFR 7.54 - Prohibited statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... consumption of alcohol, malt beverages, or any substance found within the malt beverage, and health benefits... health benefits or effects on health associated with the consumption of alcohol, malt beverages, or any... the malt beverage, as well as statements and claims of nutritional value (e.g., statements of...

  12. 27 CFR 7.54 - Prohibited statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... consumption of alcohol, malt beverages, or any substance found within the malt beverage, and health benefits... health benefits or effects on health associated with the consumption of alcohol, malt beverages, or any... the malt beverage, as well as statements and claims of nutritional value (e.g., statements of...

  13. 17 CFR 230.252 - Offering statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., language and pagination. The requirements for offering statements are the same as those specified in § 230... security holder shall sign the offering statement. If a signature is by a person on behalf of any other person, evidence of authority to sign shall be filed, except where an executive officer signs for...

  14. 17 CFR 230.252 - Offering statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., language and pagination. The requirements for offering statements are the same as those specified in § 230... security holder shall sign the offering statement. If a signature is by a person on behalf of any other person, evidence of authority to sign shall be filed, except where an executive officer signs for...

  15. 17 CFR 230.252 - Offering statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., language and pagination. The requirements for offering statements are the same as those specified in § 230... Officer, a majority of the members of its board of directors or other governing body, and each selling... that contains the following language: This offering statement shall become qualified on the 20th...

  16. 30 CFR 281.5 - False statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false False statements. 281.5 Section 281.5 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF MINERALS OTHER THAN OIL, GAS, AND SULPHUR IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF General § 281.5 False statements. Under...

  17. ICCE Publishes Statement on Software Copyright Violations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Electronic Learning, 1983

    1983-01-01

    The Policy Statement on Network and Multiple Machine Software of the International Council for Computers in Education (ICCE) calls for cooperation between educators, software developers, and vendors in preventing software piracy. This summary includes a suggested district policy statement on software copyright. (MBR)

  18. 7 CFR 4280.140 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Financial statements. 4280.140 Section 4280.140... General Renewable Energy System and Energy Efficiency Improvement Guaranteed Loans § 4280.140 Financial statements. (a) The financial information required in § 4280.116(b)(3)(v) and (b)(4) is required for...

  19. 7 CFR 4280.140 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Financial statements. 4280.140 Section 4280.140... Efficiency Improvements Program Section B. Guaranteed Loans § 4280.140 Financial statements. (a) The financial information required in § 4280.111(b)(3)(v) and (b)(4) is required for the guaranteed loan...

  20. Chasing Killer Statements From The Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon, Marianne

    1975-01-01

    This teacher discusses techniques she uses to rid the classroom of "killer statements", which are negative statements that express some kind of anger or distress and are unthinking outgrowths of the desire to get back at the world when feeling needy or deprived.

  1. 7 CFR 4280.140 - Financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Financial statements. 4280.140 Section 4280.140 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND... Efficiency Improvements Program Section B. Guaranteed Loans § 4280.140 Financial statements. (a)...

  2. Stem cell research ethics: consensus statement on emerging issues.

    PubMed

    Caulfield, Timothy; Ogbogu, Ubaka; Nelson, Erin; Einsiedel, Edna; Knoppers, Bartha; McDonald, Michael; Brunger, Fern; Downey, Robin; Fernando, Kanchana; Galipeau, Jacques; Geransar, Rose; Griener, Glenn; Grenier, Glenn; Hyun, Insoo; Isasi, Rosario; Kardel, Melanie; Knowles, Lori; Kucic, Terrence; Lotjonen, Salla; Lyall, Drew; Magnus, David; Mathews, Debra J H; Nisbet, Matthew; Nisker, Jeffrey; Pare, Guillaume; Pattinson, Shaun; Pullman, Daryl; Rudnicki, Michael; Williams-Jones, Bryn; Zimmerman, Susan

    2007-10-01

    This article is a consensus statement by an international interdisciplinary group of academic experts and Canadian policy-makers on emerging ethical, legal and social issues in human embryonic stem cells (hESC) research in Canada. The process of researching consensus included consultations with key stakeholders in hESC research (regulations, stem cell researchers, and research ethics experts), preparation and distribution of background papers, and an international workshop held in Montreal in February 2007 to discuss the papers and debate recommendations. The recommendations provided in the consensus statement focus on issues of immediate relevance to Canadian policy-makers, including informed consent to hESC research, the use of fresh embryos in research, management of conflicts of interest, and the relevance of public opinion research to policy-making.

  3. 77 FR 509 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 PR 67772-76... Prevention. Section C-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete items (1), (2) and...

  4. 76 FR 24493 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR 67772-76..., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Section C-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as...

  5. 78 FR 25743 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR 67772-76... Control and Prevention. Section C-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete in...

  6. 76 FR 1167 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR 67772-76..., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Section C-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as...

  7. 78 FR 19711 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR 67772-76..., Tribal, Local, and Territorial Support. Section C-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as...

  8. 78 FR 63982 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR 67772-76... and Response. Section C-B, Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Revise the...

  9. 75 FR 14608 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR 67772-76..., Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete in its entirety the title and functional...

  10. 78 FR 5812 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR 67772-76..., Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete in its entirety the title Office of Financial...

  11. 76 FR 41288 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Multi-Species Habitat Conservation Plan; Receipt of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... provide associated incidental benefits to human populations. The MSHCP articulates strict criteria for the... have prepared an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to analyze the impacts to the human environment... needs of populations where impacts occur; and Implements more comprehensive conservation actions...

  12. 75 FR 43190 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-23

    ... Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease and possibly human chronic wasting disease); (4) provides prion disease... infections as chronic infectious diseases; and (8) advises the Director, NCEZID, on policy matters concerning... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions,...

  13. 21 CFR 101.93 - Certain types of statements for dietary supplements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Certain types of statements for dietary supplements. 101.93 Section 101.93 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOOD LABELING Specific Requirements for Descriptive...

  14. 75 FR 53304 - Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health; Statement of Organization, Functions, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health; Statement of... Organizations, Functions and Delegations of Authority for the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is...

  15. 77 FR 29349 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority; Office of The National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of... Delegations of Authority for the Department of Health and Human Services, Chapter AR, Office of the National... ] communications and constituency relations plan; and, (3) ensuring that all communications activities are...

  16. 21 CFR 105.66 - Label statements relating to usefulness in reducing or maintaining body weight.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOODS FOR SPECIAL DIETARY USE.... (a) General requirements. Any food that purports to be or is represented for special dietary use...; and (2) A conspicuous statement of the basis upon which the food claims to be of special dietary...

  17. 21 CFR 105.66 - Label statements relating to usefulness in reducing or maintaining body weight.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION FOODS FOR SPECIAL DIETARY USE.... (a) General requirements. Any food that purports to be or is represented for special dietary use...; and (2) A conspicuous statement of the basis upon which the food claims to be of special dietary...

  18. 75 FR 35035 - Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response; Statement of Organization...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-21

    ... compiles the ASPR Organizational Assessment by tracking Key Performance Indicators as part of the ASPR... HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response..., Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human...

  19. 75 FR 71714 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Statement of Organization, Functions, and... Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS... Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has died, resigned, or otherwise becomes unable to perform the...

  20. 77 FR 65390 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Statement of Organization, Functions, and..., Functions, and Delegations of Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services (45 FR 67772-76..., Organization and Functions, is hereby amended as follows: Delete in its entirety the title for the...