Science.gov

Sample records for fe3o4 thin films

  1. Ultrathin magnetite in Fe3O4/MgO superlattices: Investigating the enhanced thin film magnetic moment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mauit, Ozhet; Fleischer, Karsten; O'Coileáin, Cormac; Bulfin, Brendan; Fox, Daniel S.; Smith, Christopher M.; Mullarkey, Daragh; Sugurbekova, Gulnar; Zhang, Hongzhou; Shvets, Igor V.

    2017-03-01

    The electrical, crystallographic, and magnetic properties of ultrathin magnetite (Fe3O4 ) have been studied in detail, by employing superlattice structures of Fe3O4 /MgFe2O4 and Fe3O4 /MgO on a variety of substrates. By careful analysis of their properties, the influence of substrate stoichiometry, Fe3O4 thin film thickness, antiphase boundaries on the magnetic properties can be separated. In particular, the controversial enhanced magnetic moment in ultrathin films (<5 nm) was confirmed to be related to the substrate stoichiometry, specifically the migration of oxygen vacancies into the Fe3O4 thin films. The multilayer concept can be employed with many other such systems and offers methods of tuning the properties of thin magnetic oxides.

  2. Tunneling Magneto-resistance in grain boundary tailored Fe3O4 nano structured thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Ankit; Behera, Nilamani; Husain, Sajid; Chaudhary, Sujeet; Pandya, Dinesh K.

    2017-05-01

    The pulse DC sputtered nanostructured Fe3O4 thin films have been subjected to hydrocarbon treatment and vacuum annealing to investigate their effect on grain boundaries. Remarkably, this treatment causes a change in the crystallographic structure of the film from polycrystalline to (440) oriented one and enhancement in film conductivity. Hopping conduction mechanism changes to nearest-neighbor hoping above Verwey transition temperature of 110 K on treatment. Treatment also leads to grain boundary modification by incorporation of antiferro defects that inhibit an increase in MR despite enhanced electron conduction across grain boundaries. Our results follow the non-homogeneous grain boundary model.

  3. Origin of the giant magnetic moment in epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orna, J.; Algarabel, P. A.; Morellón, L.; Pardo, J. A.; de Teresa, J. M.; López Antón, R.; Bartolomé, F.; García, L. M.; Bartolomé, J.; Cezar, J. C.; Wildes, A.

    2010-04-01

    We study the enhanced magnetic moment observed in epitaxial magnetite (Fe3O4) ultrathin films (t<15nm) grown on MgO (001) substrates by means of pulsed laser deposition. The Fe3O4 (001) thin films exhibit high crystallinity, low roughness, and sharp interfaces with the substrate, and the existence of the Verwey transition at thicknesses down to 4 nm. The evolution of the Verwey transition temperature with film thickness shows a dependence with the antiphase boundaries density. Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and vibrating sample magnetometry measurements in ultrathin films show a magnetic moment much higher than the bulk magnetite value. In order to study the origin of this anomalous magnetic moment, polarized neutron reflectivity (PNR), and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments have been performed, indicating a decrease in the magnetization with decreasing sample thickness. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy measurements show no metallic Fe clusters present in the magnetite thin films. Through inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy and SQUID magnetometry measurements performed in commercial MgO (001) substrates, the presence of Fe impurities embedded within the substrates has been observed. Once the substrate contribution has been corrected, a decrease in the magnetic moment of magnetite thin films with decreasing thickness is found, in good agreement with the PNR and XMCD measurements. Our experiments suggest that the origin of the enhanced magnetic moment is not intrinsic to magnetite but due to the presence of Fe impurities in the MgO substrates.

  4. Fe3O4 thin films: controlling and manipulating an elusive quantum material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Xionghua; Chang, Chun-Fu; Rata, Aurora Diana; Komarek, Alexander Christoph; Tjeng, Liu Hao

    2016-12-01

    Fe3O4 (magnetite) is one of the most elusive quantum materials and at the same time one of the most studied transition metal oxide materials for thin-film applications. The theoretically expected half-metallic behaviour generates high expectations that it can be used in spintronic devices. Yet, despite the tremendous amount of work devoted to preparing thin films, the enigmatic first-order metal-insulator transition, and the hallmark of magnetite known as the Verwey transition, is in thin films extremely broad and occurs at substantially lower temperatures as compared with that in high-quality bulk single crystals. Here we have succeeded in finding and making a particular class of substrates that allows the growth of magnetite thin films with the Verwey transition as sharp as in the bulk. Moreover, we are now able to tune the transition temperature and, using tensile strain, increase it to substantially higher values than in the bulk.

  5. Strain Coupling of Conversion-type Fe3O4 Thin Films for Lithium Ion Batteries

    DOE PAGES

    Hwang, Sooyeon; Meng, Qingping; Chen, Ping-Fan; ...

    2017-05-29

    Lithiation/delithiation induces significant stresses and strains into the electrodes for lithium ion batteries, which can severely degrade their cycling performance. Moreover, this electrochemically induced strain can interact with the local strain existing at solid–solid interfaces. It is not clear how this interaction affects the lithiation mechanism. The effect of this coupling on the lithiation kinetics in epitaxial Fe3O4 thin film on a Nb-doped SrTiO3 substrate is investigated. In-situ and ex-situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results show that the lithiation is suppressed by the compressive interfacial strain. At the interface between the film and substrate, the existence of LixFe3O4 rock-salt phasemore » during lithiation consequently restrains the film from delamination. 2D phase-field simulation verifies the effect of strain. This work provides critical insights of understanding the solid–solid interfaces of conversion-type electrodes.« less

  6. Self-assembled thin films of Fe3O4-Ag composite nanoparticles for spintronic applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Chengpeng; Leung, Chi Wah; Pong, Philip W. T.

    2017-10-01

    Controlled self-assembly of multi-component magnetic nanoparticles could lead to nanomaterial-based magnetic devices with novel structures and intriguing properties. Herein, self-assembled thin films of Fe3O4-Ag composite nanoparticles (CNPs) with hetero-dimeric shapes were fabricated using interfacial assembly method. The CNP-assembled thin films were further transferred to patterned silicon substrates followed by vacuum annealing, producing CNP-based magnetoresistive (MR) devices. Due to the presence of intra-particle interfaces and inter-particle barriers, an enhanced MR ratio and a non-linear current-voltage relation were observed in the device. The results of this work can potentially pave the way to the future exploration and development of spintronic devices built from composite nanomaterials.

  7. Asymmetric anisotropic magnetoresistance in epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, B. L.; Ding, Z.; Ma, D. H.; Li, J. X.; Xiao, X.; Wu, Y. Z.

    2015-09-01

    We aimed to study the effect of current orientation on the anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) and the planar Hall effect (PHE) in a single-crystalline Fe3O4 (001) thin film at room temperature. AMR exhibits an unusual asymmetric behavior with respect to the current direction when the current does not flow along the high symmetry crystal axes, such as the <100> or <110> directions. AMR and PHE strongly depend upon the current direction angle, θJ, with an in-plane fourfold symmetry. The amplitude and phase shift of AMR and PHE can be understood quantitatively by a phenomenological description of the anisotropic resistivity tensor in a single-crystalline system. These results prove that the current direction can be used to modify the AMR effect.

  8. Substrate dependent structural and magnetic properties of pulsed laser deposited Fe3O4 thin films.

    PubMed

    Goyal, Rajendra N; Kaur, Davinder; Pandey, Ashish K

    2010-12-01

    Nanocrystalline iron oxide thin films have been deposited on various substrates such as quartz, MgO(100), and Si(100) by pulsed laser deposition technique using excimer KrF laser (248 nm). The orientations, crystallite size and lattice parameters were studied using X-ray diffraction. The XRD results show that the films deposited on MgO and Si substrates are highly oriented and show only (400) and (311) reflections respectively. On the other hand, the orientation of the films deposited on quarts substrate changed from (311) to (400) with an increase in the substrate temperature from 400 degrees C to 600 degrees C, indicating thereby that the film growth direction is highly affected with nature of substrate and substrate temperature. The surface morphology of the deposited films was studied using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and spherical ball like regular features of nanometer size grains were obtained. The magnetic properties were studied by Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) magnetometer in the magnetic field +/- 6 Tesla. The magnetic field dependent magnetization (M-H) curves of all the Fe3O4 thin films measured at 5 K and 300 K show the ferrimagnetic nature. The electrochemical sensing of dopamine studied for these films shows that the film deposited on MgO substrate can be used as a sensing electrode.

  9. Defects and inhomogeneities in Fe3O4(111) thin film growth on Pt(111)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sala, A.; Marchetto, H.; Qin, Z.-H.; Shaikhutdinov, S.; Schmidt, Th.; Freund, H.-J.

    2012-10-01

    Growth and surface termination of a Fe3O4(111) thin film on a Pt(111) surface were examined by a combination of low-energy electron microscopy, selected area low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), and x-ray-induced photoemission electron microscopy. The film exhibits the predominance of one out of two possible rotational domains, independent of film thickness. The morphology strongly depends on preparation conditions, e.g., at high oxidation temperature FeO/Pt(111) domains are formed that prevent the closure of the thin film. Dynamical LEED analysis and spot-profile analysis LEED (SPA-LEED) show that the surface exposes ¼ monolayer of Fe over a close-packed oxygen layer only when the sample is subsequently annealed in ultrahigh vacuum at 900 K. In contrast, the as-prepared films grown by oxidation at 1000 K and subsequent cooling down in oxygen, additionally exhibit small FeOx agglomerates that rest upon the canonical surface termination. Their formation as a function of the various preparation conditions of the thin film is discussed.

  10. Characterizing the phase purity of nanocrystalline Fe3O4 thin films using Verwey transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bohra, Murtaza; Prasad, K. Eswar; Bollina, Ravi; Sahoo, S. C.; Kumar, Naresh

    2016-11-01

    We have employed Verwey transition as a probe to check phase purity of nanocrystalline Fe3O4 films grown at different substrate temperatures (Ts) by means of magnetization study. The drop in magnetization at temperatures other than Verwey transition temperature Tv (120 K), in the low and high Ts films indicates the presence of antiferromagnetic (α-Fe2O3/FeO) impurity phases. After wet H2 reduction treatment on these films, a vibrant appearance of Verwey transition is observed which confirms Fe3O4 phase at all Ts. However, high Ts films exhibit low Tv value with distribution, Tv±ΔTv=112+25 K emanating from residual magnetic phases, which were not traced by XRD studies. Interestingly, these nanocrystalline Fe3O4 films exhibit anisotropic magnetic behaviors above Tv, similar to the single crystal Fe3O4. Below the saturation field, the easy (111) and relatively hard (110) axis of magnetizations align along their texture planes.

  11. Magnetoelectric properties of epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films on (011) PMN-PT piezosubstrates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tkach, Alexander; Baghaie Yazdi, Mehrdad; Foerster, Michael; Büttner, Felix; Vafaee, Mehran; Fries, Maximilian; Kläui, Mathias

    2015-01-01

    We determine the magnetic and magnetotransport properties of 33 nm thick Fe3O4 films epitaxially deposited by rf-magnetron sputtering on unpoled (011) [PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3] 0.68-[PbTiO3]0.32 (PMN-PT) substrates. The magnetoresistance (MR), as well as the magnetization reversal, strongly depend on the in-plane crystallographic direction of the epitaxial (011) Fe3O4 film and strain. When the magnetic field is applied along [100], the magnetization loops are slanted and the sign of the longitudinal MR changes from positive to negative around the Verwey transition at 125 K on cooling. Along the [01 1 ¯] direction, the loops are square shaped and the MR is negative above the switching field across the whole temperature range, just increasing in absolute value when cooling from 300 K to 150 K. The value of the MR is found to be strongly affected by poling the PMN-PT substrate, decreasing in the [100] direction and slightly increasing in the [01 1 ¯] direction upon poling, which results in a strained film.

  12. Spin motive force induced in Fe3O4 thin films with negative spin polarization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagata, Masaki; Moriyama, Takahiro; Tanabe, Kenji; Tanaka, Kensho; Chiba, Daichi; Ohe, Jun-ichiro; Hisamatsu, Yuki; Niizeki, Tomohiko; Yanagihara, Hideto; Kita, Eiji; Ono, Teruo

    2015-12-01

    Spin motive force (SMF) is induced by a time and spatial derivative of magnetizations and is dependent on spin polarization. We compare the SMF in FeNi with positive spin polarization with that in a magnetite (Fe3O4) with negative spin polarization. We observe the SMF induced by a nonuniform ferromagnetic resonance in Fe3O4 and find that the SMF in Fe3O4 is opposite to that in FeNi. This result originates from the negative spin polarization of Fe3O4. Our clear observation of the SMF depending on the sign of the spin polarization agrees well with the framework of the SMF theory.

  13. Structural and magnetic properties studies on swift heavy ion (SHI) irradiated Fe3O4 thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Jianrong; Wang, Zhiguang; Wang, Yuyu; Zhu, Yabin; Pang, Lilong; Shen, Tielong; Li, Fashen

    2012-09-01

    Polycrystalline Fe3O4 thin films are synthesized at low temperature by electroless plating, and the effects of irradiation by Kr26+ ions at energy of 2.03 GeV on the magnetic properties of the Fe3O4 thin films are investigated by macroscopic magnetization measurements (vibrating sample magnetometer, VSM; superconducting quantum interference device, SQUID) and microscopic distribution of the magnetic moments (conversion electron mössbauer spectroscopy, CEMS) as well as magnetic domain structure (magnetic force microscope, MFM) analyses. The initial crystallographic structure of the Fe3O4 remains unaffected after swift heavy ion (SHI) irradiation at low damage levels, but VSM, CEMS and MFM results indicate that SHI irradiation is an effectual tool to not only modify the macro-magnetic properties (saturation magnetization, coercivity, etc.), but also modify the micro-magnetic properties (magnetic anisotropy, distribution of the magnetic moments, magnetic domain structure, etc.) significantly. And all modifications of these properties could be interpreted very well by the effects related to the stress and defects (the production, accumulation and free) induced by SHI irradiation.

  14. Evolution of magnetic properties in the vicinity of the Verwey transition in Fe3O4 thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, X. H.; Liu, W.; Zhang, Z. D.

    2017-09-01

    We have systematically studied the evolution of magnetic properties, especially the coercivity and the remanence ratio in the vicinity of the Verwey transition temperature (TV), of high-quality epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films grown on MgO (001), MgAl2O4 (MAO) (001), and SrTiO3 (STO) (001) substrates. We observed rapid change of magnetization, coercivity, and remanence ratio at TV, which are consistent with the behaviors of resistivity versus temperature [ρ (T )] curves for the different thin films. In particular, we found quite different magnetic behaviors for the thin films on MgO from those on MAO and STO, in which the domain size and the strain state play very important roles. The coercivity is mainly determined by the domain size but the demagnetization process is mainly dependent on the strain state. Furthermore, we observed a reversal of remanence ratio at TV with thickness for the thin films grown on MgO: from a rapid enhancement for 40-nm- to a sharp drop for 200-nm-thick film, and the critical thickness is about 80 nm. Finally, we found an obvious hysteretic loop of coercivity (or remanence ratio) with temperature around TV, corresponding to the hysteretic loop of the ρ (T ) curve, in Fe3O4 thin film grown on MgO.

  15. Dynamic Atomic Reconstruction: How Fe3O4 Thin Films Evade Polar Catastrophe for Epitaxy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, C. F.; Hu, Z.; Klein, S.; Liu, X. H.; Sutarto, R.; Tanaka, A.; Cezar, J. C.; Brookes, N. B.; Lin, H.-J.; Hsieh, H. H.; Chen, C. T.; Rata, A. D.; Tjeng, L. H.

    2016-10-01

    Polar catastrophe at the interface of oxide materials with strongly correlated electrons has triggered a flurry of new research activities. The expectations are that the design of such advanced interfaces will become a powerful route to engineer devices with novel functionalities. Here, we investigate the initial stages of growth and the electronic structure of the spintronic Fe3O4/MgO (001 ) interface. Using soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy, we have discovered that the so-called A-sites are completely missing in the first Fe3O4 monolayer. This discovery allows us to develop an unexpected but elegant growth principle in which, during deposition, the Fe atoms are constantly on the move to solve the divergent electrostatic potential problem, thereby ensuring epitaxy and stoichiometry at the same time. This growth principle provides a new perspective for the design of interfaces.

  16. Oscillatory Spin Polarization and Magneto-Optical Kerr Effect in Fe3O4 Thin Films on GaAs(001)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yan; Han, Wei; Swartz, A. G.; Pi, K.; Wong, J. J. I.; Mack, S.; Awschalom, D. D.; Kawakami, R. K.

    2010-10-01

    The spin dependent properties of epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films on GaAs(001) are studied by the ferromagnetic proximity polarization (FPP) effect and magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE). Both FPP and MOKE show oscillations with respect to Fe3O4 film thickness, and the oscillations are large enough to induce repeated sign reversals. We attribute the oscillatory behavior to spin-polarized quantum well states forming in the Fe3O4 film. Quantum confinement of the t2g states near the Fermi level provides an explanation for the similar thickness dependences of the FPP and MOKE oscillations.

  17. Verwey transition in Fe3O4 thin films: Influence of oxygen stoichiometry and substrate-induced microstructure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, X. H.; Rata, A. D.; Chang, C. F.; Komarek, A. C.; Tjeng, L. H.

    2014-09-01

    We have carried out a systematic experimental investigation to address the question why thin films of Fe3O4 (magnetite) generally have a very broad Verwey transition with lower transition temperatures as compared to the bulk. We observed using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and resistivity measurements that the Verwey transition in thin films is drastically influenced not only by the oxygen stoichiometry but especially also by the substrate-induced microstructure. In particular, we found (1) that the transition temperature, the resistivity jump, and the conductivity gap of fully stoichiometric films greatly depends on the domain size, which increases gradually with increasing film thickness, (2) that the broadness of the transition scales with the width of the domain size distribution, and (3) that the hysteresis width is affected strongly by the presence of antiphase boundaries. Films grown on MgO (001) substrates showed the highest and sharpest transitions, with a 200 nm film having a TV of 122 K, which is close to the bulk value. Films grown on substrates with large lattice constant mismatch revealed very broad transitions, and yet all films show a transition with a hysteresis behavior, indicating that the transition is still first order rather than higher order.

  18. Thermal and irradiation induced interdiffusion in Fe 3O 4/MgO(0 0 1) thin film

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim-Ngan, N.-T. H.; Balogh, A. G.; Meyer, J. D.; Brötz, J.; Hummelt, S.; Zając, M.; Ślęzak, T.; Korecki, J.

    2009-05-01

    The interface reactions in an epitaxial 10 nm-thick Fe3O4/MgO(0 0 1) film were investigated by using Rutherford Backscattering spectrometry (RBS), channeling (RBS-C) and X-ray reflectometry (XRR). The as-grown film had a good crystallinity indicated by the minimum yield and the half-angle value for Fe, respectively, χmin(Fe) = 22% and ψ1/2(Fe) = 0.62°. Annealing the films under partial argon pressure up to 600 °C led to a large enhancement of Mg out-diffusion into the film forming a wustite-type phase, but the total layer thickness did not change much. Ion irradiation of the film by 1 MeV Ar ion beam caused a strong Fe ion mixing resulting in a large interfacial zone with a thickness of 23 nm.

  19. Structural phase diagram for ultra-thin epitaxial Fe3O4 / MgO(0 01) films: thickness and oxygen pressure dependence

    DOE PAGES

    Alraddadi, S.; Hines, W.; Yilmaz, T.; ...

    2016-02-19

    A systematic investigation of the thickness and oxygen pressure dependence for the structural properties of ultra-thin epitaxial magnetite (Fe3O4) films has been carried out; for such films, the structural properties generally differ from those for the bulk when the thickness ≤10 nm. Iron oxide ultra-thin films with thicknesses varying from 3 nm to 20 nm were grown on MgO (001) substrates using molecular beam epitaxy under different oxygen pressures ranging from 1 × 10-7 torr to 1 × 10-5 torr. The crystallographic and electronic structures of the films were characterized using low energy electron diffraction (LEED) and x-ray photoemission spectroscopymore » (XPS), respectively. Moreover, the quality of the epitaxial Fe3O4 ultra-thin films was judged by magnetic measurements of the Verwey transition, along with complementary XPS spectra. We observed that under the same growth conditions the stoichiometry of ultra-thin films under 10 nm transforms from the Fe3O4 phase to the FeO phase. In this work, a phase diagram based on thickness and oxygen pressure has been constructed to explain the structural phase transformation. It was found that high-quality magnetite films with thicknesses ≤20 nm formed within a narrow range of oxygen pressure. An optimal and controlled growth process is a crucial requirement for the accurate study of the magnetic and electronic properties for ultra-thin Fe3O4 films. Furthermore, these results are significant because they may indicate a general trend in the growth of other oxide films, which has not been previously observed or considered.« less

  20. Structural phase diagram for ultra-thin epitaxial Fe3O4 / MgO(0 0 1) films: thickness and oxygen pressure dependence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alraddadi, S.; Hines, W.; Yilmaz, T.; Gu, G. D.; Sinkovic, B.

    2016-03-01

    A systematic investigation of the thickness and oxygen pressure dependence for the structural properties of ultra-thin epitaxial magnetite (Fe3O4) films has been carried out; for such films, the structural properties generally differ from those for the bulk when the thickness  ⩽10 nm. Iron oxide ultra-thin films with thicknesses varying from 3 nm to 20 nm were grown on MgO (0 0 1) substrates using molecular beam epitaxy under different oxygen pressures ranging from 1  ×  10-7 torr to 1  ×  10-5 torr. The crystallographic and electronic structures of the films were characterized using low energy electron diffraction (LEED) and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. The quality of the epitaxial Fe3O4 ultra-thin films was judged by magnetic measurements of the Verwey transition, along with complementary XPS spectra. It was observed that under the same growth conditions the stoichiometry of ultra-thin films under 10 nm transforms from the Fe3O4 phase to the FeO phase. In this work, a phase diagram based on thickness and oxygen pressure has been constructed to explain the structural phase transformation. It was found that high-quality magnetite films with thicknesses  ⩽20 nm formed within a narrow range of oxygen pressure. An optimal and controlled growth process is a crucial requirement for the accurate study of the magnetic and electronic properties for ultra-thin Fe3O4 films. Furthermore, these results are significant because they may indicate a general trend in the growth of other oxide films, which has not been previously observed or considered.

  1. Structural phase diagram for ultra-thin epitaxial Fe3O4 / MgO(0 0 1) films: thickness and oxygen pressure dependence.

    PubMed

    Alraddadi, S; Hines, W; Yilmaz, T; Gu, G D; Sinkovic, B

    2016-03-23

    A systematic investigation of the thickness and oxygen pressure dependence for the structural properties of ultra-thin epitaxial magnetite (Fe3O4) films has been carried out; for such films, the structural properties generally differ from those for the bulk when the thickness  ⩽10 nm. Iron oxide ultra-thin films with thicknesses varying from 3 nm to 20 nm were grown on MgO (0 0 1) substrates using molecular beam epitaxy under different oxygen pressures ranging from 1  ×  10(-7) torr to 1  ×  10(-5) torr. The crystallographic and electronic structures of the films were characterized using low energy electron diffraction (LEED) and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. The quality of the epitaxial Fe3O4 ultra-thin films was judged by magnetic measurements of the Verwey transition, along with complementary XPS spectra. It was observed that under the same growth conditions the stoichiometry of ultra-thin films under 10 nm transforms from the Fe3O4 phase to the FeO phase. In this work, a phase diagram based on thickness and oxygen pressure has been constructed to explain the structural phase transformation. It was found that high-quality magnetite films with thicknesses  ⩽20 nm formed within a narrow range of oxygen pressure. An optimal and controlled growth process is a crucial requirement for the accurate study of the magnetic and electronic properties for ultra-thin Fe3O4 films. Furthermore, these results are significant because they may indicate a general trend in the growth of other oxide films, which has not been previously observed or considered.

  2. In Situ Tuning of Magnetization and Magnetoresistance in Fe3O4 Thin Film Achieved with All-Solid-State Redox Device.

    PubMed

    Tsuchiya, Takashi; Terabe, Kazuya; Ochi, Masanori; Higuchi, Tohru; Osada, Minoru; Yamashita, Yoshiyuki; Ueda, Shigenori; Aono, Masakazu

    2016-01-26

    An all-solid-state redox device composed of Fe3O4 thin film and Li(+) ion conducting solid electrolyte was fabricated for use in tuning magnetization and magnetoresistance (MR), which are key factors in the creation of high-density magnetic storage devices. Electrical conductivity, magnetization, and MR were reversibly tuned by Li(+) insertion and removal. Tuning of the various Fe3O4 thin film properties was achieved by donation of an electron to the Fe(3+) ions. This technique should lead to the development of spintronics devices based on the reversible switching of magnetization and spin polarization (P). It should also improve the performance of conventional magnetic random access memory (MRAM) devices in which the ON/OFF ratio has been limited to a small value due to a decrease in P near the tunnel barrier.

  3. Study of smart antibacterial PCL-xFe3 O4 thin films using mouse NIH-3T3 fibroblast cells in vitro.

    PubMed

    Pai B, Ganesh; Kulkarni, Ajay V; Jain, Shilpee

    2016-01-13

    Surface energy plays a major role in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell interactions with biomedical devices. In the present study, poly(ε-caprolactone)-xFe3 O4 nanoparticles (PCL-xFO NPs; x = 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60 wt% FO concentration in PCL) composite thin films were developed for skin tissue regeneration. The surface properties in terms of roughness, surface energy, wettability of the thin films were altered with the incorporation of Fe3 O4 NPs. These thin films show antimicrobial properties and cyto-compatibility with NIH 3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cells. The porosity and thickness of the films were controlled by varying RPM of the spin coater. Interestingly, at 1000 RPM the roughness of the film decreased with increasing concentrations of FO NPs in PCL, whereas the surface energy increased with increasing FO NPs concentrations. Furthermore, the spreading of NIH-3T3 cells grown on PCL-xFO thin films was less as compared to control (TCPS), however cells overcame this effect after 48 h of seeding and cells spread similarly to those grown on TCPS after 48 h. Also, the incorporation of FO NPs in thin films induced inner membrane permeabilization in E. coli bacteria leading to bacterial cell death. The viability of E. coli bacteria decreased with increasing concentration of FO NPs in PCL. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2016.

  4. Thermoelectric performance of spin Seebeck effect in Fe3O4/Pt-based thin film heterostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramos, R.; Anadón, A.; Lucas, I.; Uchida, K.; Algarabel, P. A.; Morellón, L.; Aguirre, M. H.; Saitoh, E.; Ibarra, M. R.

    2016-10-01

    We report a systematic study on the thermoelectric performance of spin Seebeck devices based on Fe3O4/Pt junction systems. We explore two types of device geometries: a spin Hall thermopile and spin Seebeck multilayer structures. The spin Hall thermopile increases the sensitivity of the spin Seebeck effect, while the increase in the sample internal resistance has a detrimental effect on the output power. We found that the spin Seebeck multilayers can overcome this limitation since the multilayers exhibit the enhancement of the thermoelectric voltage and the reduction of the internal resistance simultaneously, therefore resulting in significant power enhancement. This result demonstrates that the multilayer structures are useful for improving the thermoelectric performance of the spin Seebeck effect.

  5. Oscillatory spin polarization and magneto-optical Kerr effect in Fe3 O 4 thin films on GaAs(001)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yan; Han, Wei; Swartz, A. G.; Pi, K.; Wong, J. J. I.; Mack, S.; Awschalom, D. D.; Kawakami, R. K.

    2011-03-01

    Magnetite is an attractive material for spin injection and detection, because the theory predicts completely negative spin polarization at the Fermi level at room temperature. We fabricated high quality Fe 3 O4 films on GaAs (001) by molecular beam epitaxy. The Fermi level spin polarization of the Fe 3 O4 film was probed using the ultrafast optical measurement of ferromagnetic proximity polarization (FPP). The systematic thickness dependence of FPP and MOKE were measured on wedged Fe 3 O4 films on GaAs(001), and similar oscillatory and sign reversing behaviors were observed even though the two measurements rely on different mechanisms (spin dependent electron reflection for FPP, and optical transitions for MOKE). Quantum confinement of the t 2g states near the Fermi level provides an explanation for the similar thickness dependences of the FPP and MOKE oscillations.

  6. From Fe3O4 /NiO bilayers to NiFe2O4 -like thin films through Ni interdiffusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuschel, O.; Buß, R.; Spiess, W.; Schemme, T.; Wöllermann, J.; Balinski, K.; N'Diaye, A. T.; Kuschel, T.; Wollschläger, J.; Kuepper, K.

    2016-09-01

    Ferrites with (inverse) spinel structure display a large variety of electronic and magnetic properties, making some of them interesting for potential applications in spintronics. We investigate the thermally induced interdiffusion of Ni2 + ions out of NiO into Fe3O4 ultrathin films, resulting in off-stoichiometric nickel ferrite-like thin layers. We synthesized epitaxial Fe3O4 /NiO bilayers on Nb-doped SrTiO3(001) substrates by means of reactive molecular beam epitaxy. Subsequently, we performed an annealing cycle comprising three steps at temperatures of 400 ∘C , 600 ∘C , and 800 ∘C under an oxygen background atmosphere. We studied the changes of the chemical and electronic properties as result of each annealing step with help of hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and found a rather homogeneous distribution of Ni and Fe cations throughout the entire film after the overall annealing cycle. For one sample we observed a cationic distribution close to that of the spinel ferrite NiFe2O4 . Further evidence comes from low-energy electron diffraction patterns indicating a spinel-type structure at the surface after annealing. Site- and element-specific hysteresis loops performed by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism uncovered the antiferrimagnetic alignment between the octahedral coordinated Ni2 + and Fe3 + ions and the Fe3 + ion in tetrahedral coordination. We find a quite low coercive field of 0.02 T, indicating a rather low defect concentration within the thin ferrite films.

  7. Intensified magneto-resistance by rapid thermal annealing in magnetite (Fe3O4) thin film on SiO2 glass substrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kobori, H.; Morii, K.; Yamasaki, A.; Sugimura, A.; Taniguchi, T.; Horie, T.; Naitoh, Y.; Shimizu, T.

    2012-12-01

    We have observed large magneto-resistance (MR) intensified by rapid thermal annealing (RTA) in magnetite (Fe3O4) thin film (MTF) on SiO2 glass (a-SiO2) substrate. The MTF was produced by the RF magnetron sputtering method by using a magnetite target. The electrical resistivity (ER) of as-grown MTF (AG-MTF) showed the Mott's variable range hopping behavior, which implies that the AG-MTF is amorphous-like. Although the magneto-resistance (MR) ratio of bulk single crystal is very small except around the Verwey transition temperature (VTT), that of the AG-MTF showed moderately large below room temperature. Due to RTA of the AG-MTF by use of an IR image furnace, the MR ratio of MTFs was intensified, and especially by the annealing around the Curie temperature (585°C) of magnetite. Furthermore the ER of the rapid thermally annealed MTF (RTA-MTF) showed a slight kink at around the VTT, which indicates that the crystallinity of the RTA-MTF is higher than that of the AG-MTF The MTF produced by the RF magnetron sputtering method are composed of magnetite fine particles (MFPs). We consider that the directions of magnetic moments of MFPs in the MTF were spatially randomized by the RTA and the strong spin scattering of itinerant electrons transferring between adjacent MFPs caused the intensification of the MR ratio.

  8. Effect of Fe3O4 on the Electro-Optic and Magneto-Electric Characteristics of (PANI/Fe3O4)-Ag Film

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diantoro, M.; Pradhana, D.; Mustikasari, A. A.; Kusumawati, A. D.; Taufiq, A.; Sunaryono; Mufti, N.; Nur, H.

    2017-05-01

    (PANI/Fe3O4)-Ag films have been successfully synthesized on a glass substrate. In this study, PANI functioned as a matrix, Ag as a catalyst enhancing the conductivity of PANI, and Fe3O4 as the influence of magnetic properties. (PANI/Fe3O4)-Ag was synthesized by a combination of chemical polymerization method to introduce Ag doping into PANI, and coprecipitation method of Fe3O4. The samples were characterized by using FTIR, X-RD, SEM, EDAX, 4-probe electrical conductivity under the employing of magnetic fields, and under the influence of light intensity. It was shown that there was a Fe2O3 phase as the consequence of Fe3O4 oxidized as AgNO3 protonation on the ultrasonication treatment. introducing Fe3O4 into (PANI/Fe3O4)-Ag film, increase the surface density, but reduce the electrical conductivity. The increasing of magnetic field might also reduce the conductivity of (PANI/Fe3O4)-Ag. Further, We also obtained that the increasing of light intensity employed to the samples enhances the electrical conductivity. The electrical conductivity of (PANI/Fe3O4)-Ag can be tuned by controlling the Fe3O4, magnetic field, as well as the light intensity

  9. Fabrication and leakage current and ferroelectric characteristics of multiferroic Fe3O4/(Bi3.25Nd0.65Eu0.10)Ti3O12 composite thin films with Fe3O4 magnetic electrodes micropatterned by reactive ion etching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kobune, Masafumi; Nishimine, Takuya; Matsunaga, Takuya; Fujita, Satoshi; Kikuchi, Takeyuki; Fujisawa, Hironori; Shimizu, Masaru; Kanda, Kensuke; Maenaka, Kazusuke

    2017-10-01

    Regardless of the deposition time (30–90 min), almost single-phase magnetite (Fe3O4) films with a cubic inverse-spinel structure were produced at a substrate temperature of 500 °C by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). The Fe3O4/(Bi3.25Nd0.65Eu0.10)Ti3O12 (BNEuT) composite film deposited at 500 °C for 90 min by MOCVD exhibited excellent room-temperature magnetic properties, such as a saturation magnetization of 480 emu/cm3, a residual magnetization of 160 emu/cm3, and a coercivity of 297 Oe. Ferromagnetic Fe3O4 electrodes micropatterned using a combination of photolithography and reactive ion etching were fabricated after MOCVD, and their structural, leakage current, and ferroelectric characteristics were investigated. The room-temperature leakage current density–applied electric field and polarization–electric field (P–E) characteristics of the composite films were successfully measured using Fe3O4 electrodes. The room-temperature P–E hysteresis loop for a sample with the structure Fe3O4/BNEuT/Nb:TiO2/Ti had a relatively good shape, with a remanent polarization of 8 µC/cm2 and a coercive field of 193 kV/cm.

  10. Fabrication of Epitaxial Fe3O4 Film on a Si(111) Substrate.

    PubMed

    Takahashi, Nozomi; Huminiuc, Teodor; Yamamoto, Yuta; Yanase, Takashi; Shimada, Toshihiro; Hirohata, Atsufumi; Nagahama, Taro

    2017-08-01

    The application of magnetic oxides in spintronics has recently attracted much attention. The epitaxial growth of magnetic oxide on Si could be the first step of new functional spintronics devices with semiconductors. However, epitaxial spinel ferrite films are generally grown on oxide substrates, not on semiconductors. To combine oxide spintronics and semiconductor technology, we fabricated Fe3O4 films through epitaxial growth on a Si(111) substrate by inserting a γ-Al2O3 buffer layer. Both of γ-Al2O3 and Fe3O4 layer grew epitaxially on Si and the films exhibited the magnetic and electronic properties as same as bulk. Furthermore, we also found the buffer layer dependence of crystal structure of Fe3O4 by X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscope. The Fe3O4 films on an amorphous-Al2O3 buffer layer grown at room temperature grew uniaxially in the (111) orientation and had a textured structure in the plane. When Fe3O4 was deposited on Si(111) directly, the poly-crystal Fe3O4 films were obtained due to SiOx on Si substrate. The epitaxial Fe3O4 layer on Si substrates enable us the integration of highly functional spintoronic devices with Si technology.

  11. Distinctive uniaxial magnetic anisotropy and positive magnetoresistance in (110)-oriented Fe3O4 films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dho, Joonghoe; Kim, Byeong-geon; Ki, Sanghoon

    2015-04-01

    Magnetite (Fe3O4) films were synthesized on (110)-oriented MgO, MgAl2O4, and SrTiO3 substrates for comparative studies of the substrates' effects on magnetic and magnetoresistance properties of the films. For the [-110] direction, the hysteresis loops of the Fe3O4 film on MgAl2O4 exhibited a good squareness with the largest coercivity of ˜1090 Oe, and the ratio of remanent magnetization to saturation magnetization was ˜0.995. For the [001] direction, positive magnetoresistance in weak magnetic fields was most distinct for the (110) SrTiO3 substrate with the largest lattice mismatch. Positive magnetoresistance in the (110) Fe3O4 films was presumably affected by imperfect atomic arrangements at anti-phase boundaries.

  12. Temperature-dependent anisotropic magnetoresistance inversion behaviors in Fe3O4 films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoon, Kap Soo; Hong, Jin Pyo

    2017-02-01

    We address the abnormal anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) reversal feature of half-metallic polycrystalline Fe3O4 films occurring at a specific temperature. Experimental results revealed a positive to negative MR transition in the Fe3O4 films at 264 K, which reflect the influence of additional domain wall scattering. These features was described by a correlation between domain wall resistance and inversion behavior of AMR with additional domain wall scattering factors. We further describe a possible model based on systematic structural and electrical measurements that employs a temperature-dependent domain wall width and spin diffusion length of the conducting electrons. This model allows for spin-flipping scattering of spin polarized electrons inside a proper domain width.

  13. Nanoscaled self-alignment of Fe3O4 nanodiscs in ultrathin rGO films with engineered conductivity for electromagnetic interference shielding.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yong; Li, Meng; Wu, Yuping; Wang, Tao; Choo, Eugene Shi Guang; Ding, Jun; Zong, Baoyu; Yang, Zhihong; Xue, Junmin

    2016-09-21

    Ultrathin (∼2 μm) reduced graphene oxide (rGO) film embedded with self-aligned Fe3O4 nanodiscs were successfully fabricated through the filtration-assisted self-assembly method. In the as-fabricated hybrid film, Fe3O4 nanodiscs with thin thickness (26 nm) and high aspect ratio (∼9) were readily self-assembled and aligned in rGO intersheets under the assistance of hydrostatic forces. Compared with spherical Fe3O4 nanoparticles, introducing the Fe3O4 nanodiscs into rGO paper could not only offer high magnetic permeability and magnetic loss in a broad frequency range at the gigahertz level, but also increase the electrical conductivity of rGO film by means of improving the surface roughness without disrupting the conductive network of the rGO layers. Due to the above advantages, the free-standing rGO/Fe3O4 nanodisc magnetic hybrid film (56 wt%) exhibited an EMI shielding effectiveness (SE) of around 11.2 dB in the frequency range of 2-10 GHz, which is about 50% and 72% higher than that of neat rGO film and rGO/Fe3O4 nanosphere hybrid films (with similar particle size and loading weight fraction) prepared under the same conditions, respectively. Furthermore, compared with non-magnetic neat rGO film, the outstanding magnetic properties of the rGO/Fe3O4 nanodisc film paves the way for it to be used as a multifunctional material that can be controlled by magnetic fields. Additionally, the moderate thermal reduction temperature (420 °C) would be meaningful for large scale fabrication. Meanwhile, the strategy of achieving good alignment at the nanoscale could shed light on developing heterogeneous structures with self-aligned two-dimensional (2D) (magnetic or non-magnetic) nano-inclusions for various applications.

  14. Reversible control of magnetization of Fe3O4 by a solid-state film lithium battery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Guodong; Wei, Lin; Wang, Dong; Chen, Yanxue; Tian, Yufeng; Yan, Shishen; Mei, Liangmo; Jiao, Jun

    2017-02-01

    The LiCoO2/LISICON/Fe3O4 structured solid-state film lithium battery is designed to realize a reversible control of the magnetization in Fe3O4 film. LISICON (Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5P3O12) is selected to serve as the solid-state electrolyte owing to its excellent Li ion transport property at room temperature. A reversible and non-volatile control of the saturation magnetization of Fe3O4 film between the charged and discharged states was obtained, and the modulation ratio can reach as high as 10%. The redox of Fe ions, caused by the intercalation/deintercalation of lithium ion in Fe3O4 film, is responsible for the observed magnetic variation. The battery consisting entirely of solid films provides a promising strategy to control the magnetic properties electrically, which will be a very hopeful candidate for many practical applications.

  15. Epitaxial growth of ultrathin MgO layers on Fe3O4(0 0 1) films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nordmann, T.; Kuschel, O.; Wollschläger, J.

    2016-09-01

    The initial growth stages of MgO on Fe3O4 films are studied by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and low energy electron diffraction to clarify stoichiometric and structural properties of these layered structures. This bilayer structure is important to fabricate high quality magnetic tunnel junctions based on Fe3O4 electrodes and MgO tunneling barriers. For this purpose, the deposition temperature of MgO has been varied between 100 °C and 250 °C. Initially, MgO grows layer-by-layer on Fe3O4/MgO(0 0 1) forming a wetting layer. Depending on the growth temperature, after growth of a 2-3 nm thick laminar wetting layer, the MgO films finally start to roughen during growth. Thus the growth of MgO on Fe3O4/MgO(0 0 1) is described by a Stranski-Krastanov growth mode. Diffraction experiments show that the magnetite (√{ 2} ×√{ 2})R45° superstructure is removed already during the initial stages of MgO deposition. Furthermore, these experiments show that MgO films are rougher for growth at low deposition temperatures.

  16. Effect of interface on epitaxy and magnetism in h-RFeO3/Fe3O4/Al2O3 films (R  =  Lu, Yb)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiaozhe; Yin, Yuewei; Yang, Sen; Yang, Zhimao; Xu, Xiaoshan

    2017-04-01

    We have carried out the growth of h-RFeO3 (0 0 1) (R  =  Lu, Yb) thin films on Fe3O4 (1 1 1)/Al2O3 (0 0 1) substrates, and studied the effect of the h-RFeO3 (0 0 1)/Fe3O4 (1 1 1) interfaces on the epitaxy and magnetism. The observed epitaxial relations between h-RFeO3 and Fe3O4 indicate an unusual matching of Fe sub-lattices rather than a matching of O sub-lattices. The out-of-plane direction was found to be the easy magnetic axis for h-YbFeO3 (0 0 1) but the hard axis for Fe3O4 (1 1 1) in the h-YbFeO3 (0 0 1)/Fe3O4 (1 1 1)/Al2O3 (0 0 1) films, suggesting a perpendicular magnetic alignment at the h-YbFeO3 (0 0 1)/Fe3O4 (1 1 1) interface. These results indicate that Fe3O4 (1 1 1)/Al2O3 (0 0 1) could be a promising substrate for epitaxial growth of h-RFeO3 films of well-defined interface and for exploiting their spintronic properties.

  17. Effect of interface on epitaxy and magnetism in h-RFeO3/Fe3O4/Al2O3 films (R  =  Lu, Yb).

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiaozhe; Yin, Yuewei; Yang, Sen; Yang, Zhimao; Xu, Xiaoshan

    2017-04-26

    We have carried out the growth of h-RFeO3 (0 0 1) (R  =  Lu, Yb) thin films on Fe3O4 (1 1 1)/Al2O3 (0 0 1) substrates, and studied the effect of the h-RFeO3 (0 0 1)/Fe3O4 (1 1 1) interfaces on the epitaxy and magnetism. The observed epitaxial relations between h-RFeO3 and Fe3O4 indicate an unusual matching of Fe sub-lattices rather than a matching of O sub-lattices. The out-of-plane direction was found to be the easy magnetic axis for h-YbFeO3 (0 0 1) but the hard axis for Fe3O4 (1 1 1) in the h-YbFeO3 (0 0 1)/Fe3O4 (1 1 1)/Al2O3 (0 0 1) films, suggesting a perpendicular magnetic alignment at the h-YbFeO3 (0 0 1)/Fe3O4 (1 1 1) interface. These results indicate that Fe3O4 (1 1 1)/Al2O3 (0 0 1) could be a promising substrate for epitaxial growth of h-RFeO3 films of well-defined interface and for exploiting their spintronic properties.

  18. Interfacial stability of ultrathin films of magnetite Fe3O4 (111) on Al2O3(001) grown by ozone-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, Hawoong; Kim, Jongjin; Fang, Xinyue; Hong, Seungbum; Chiang, T.-C.

    2017-01-01

    The thin films of iron oxides including magnetite (Fe3O4) and hematite (α-Fe2O3) have many important applications. Both forms of oxide can occur naturally during film growth by iron deposition under various oxidation environments; an important issue is to understand and control the process resulting in a single-phase film. We have performed the in-situ -time studies using X-ray diffraction of such film growth on sapphire (001) under pure ozone by monitoring the (00L) rod. Stable magnetite growth can be maintained at growth temperatures below 600 °C up to a certain critical film thickness, beyond which the growth becomes hematite. The results demonstrate the importance of interfacial interaction in stabilizing the magnetite phase.

  19. Magnetic energy-based understanding the mechanism of magnetothermal anisotropy for macroscopically continuous film of assembled Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Fengguo; Liu, Jia; Sun, Jianfei; Ma, Siyu; Wang, Peng; Gu, Ning

    2017-08-01

    The magnetothermal effect in two-dimensional assemblies of magnetic nanoparticles has played an increasingly important role in many biomedical applications. However, determining the mechanism of magnetothermal conversion of the assembled magnetic nanoparticles remains challenging. Here, a macroscopically continuous film assembled of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was used as a model for investigation utilizing both simulation and experimentation. The magnetic energy simulated by micro-magnetics can explain the phenomenon in which the assembled film of Fe3O4 nanoparticles showed the magnetothermal anisotropy in the presence of an alternating magnetic field. Here, the magnetic interaction between nanoparticles is proposed to play an important role in this process. Furthermore, it was discovered that there is a common behaviour of magnetic moments for the macroscopically continuous nanogranular film and a bulk magnet, which can be exploited to manipulate the magnetothermal effect of nanomaterials.

  20. Transferable and flexible resistive switching memory devices based on PMMA films with embedded Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Y.; Xu, H. Y.; Wang, Z. Q.; Cong, T.; Liu, W. Z.; Ma, H. L.; Liu, Y. C.

    2017-05-01

    We demonstrated transferable and flexible resistive switching (RS) memory devices using a nondestructive water-dissolution method. To satisfy future demands, the free-standing Al/Fe3O4-PMMA/Al devices were transferred onto various nonconventional substrates to demonstrate various features, such as flexibility, 3-D conformality, and biocompatibility. Thanks to the strong van der Waals interaction, the devices can easily conform to these substrates and normally display RS behavior even after undergoing bending tests. In particular, the memory devices with the PET substrate present excellent memory performance as well as high flexibility, including fast switching speed (<50 ns), large ROFF/RON ratio (˜4 × 105), and long retention time (>104 s). No performance degradation occurs after bending the device to different angles and up to 104 times. The RS mechanism can be attributed to the trapping/de-trapping of electrons at the sites of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. This result provides a feasible approach to achieve transferable RS memory device for future conformal and flexible electronics.

  1. Lightweight, flexible and thin Fe3O4-loaded, functionalized multi walled carbon nanotube buckypapers for enhanced X-band electromagnetic interference shielding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhaskara Rao, B. V.; Chengappa, Mithali; Kale, S. N.

    2017-04-01

    Electromagnetic interference (EMI) is undesirable and uncontrolled interference with the signal of intelligence. This is controlled by using either novel materials, or appropriate electronic design or a combination of both. In this context, functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (FMWCNTs) have been proposed to use as EM shielding materials because of their promising electromagnetic properties, high flexibility, and high electrical conductivity. The non-functionalised MWCNTs does not demonstrate high shielding of electromagnetic waves but with acid functionalisation and further loading with optimized nanoparticles of Fe3O4, enhanced absorption (15.85 dB), enhanced reflection (9.43 dB), resulted in high total specific shielding effectiveness of around 49.56 dB (g cm-3)-1. All samples were light weight, flexible, thin and self-standing in the form of a buckypaper of thickness of 50 µm and density of 0.51 g cm-3. These buckypapers could be promising materials for electromagnetic shielding via both absorption and reflection. A fine amalgamated system of MWCNTs with half metallic Fe3O4, resulting in enhanced conductivity, in an extremely thin and flexible matrix, is considered to be the main contribution to these high shielding effectiveness values.

  2. Film fabrication of Fe or Fe3O4 nanoparticles mixed with palmitic acid for vertically aligned carbon nanotube growth using Langmuir-Blodgett technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakamura, Kentaro; Kuriyama, Naoki; Takagiwa, Shota; Sato, Taiga; Kushida, Masahito

    2016-03-01

    Vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VA-CNTs) were studied as a new catalyst support for polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). Controlling the number density and the diameter of VA-CNTs may be necessary to optimize PEFC performance. As the catalyst for CNT growth, we fabricated Fe or Fe3O4 nanoparticle (NP) films by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique. The catalyst Fe or Fe3O4 NPs were widely separated by mixing with filler molecules [palmitic acid (C16)]. The number density of VA-CNTs was controlled by varying the ratio of catalyst NPs to C16 filler molecules. The VA-CNTs were synthesized from the catalyst NP-C16 LB films by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) using acetylene gas as the carbon source. The developing solvents used in the LB technique and the hydrogen reduction conditions of CVD were optimized to improve the VA-CNT growth rate. We demonstrate that the proposed method can independently control both the density and the diameter of VA-CNTs.

  3. Effect of Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticle Concentration on the Signal of Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oktivina, M.; Nurrohman, D. T.; Rinto, A. N. Q. Z.; Suharyadi, E.; Abraha, K.

    2017-05-01

    Effect of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle concentration on the signal of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectra has been successfully observed. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles with a particle size of about 10.5 ± 0.2 nm were used as active materials to increase the SPR response. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern showed that Fe3O4 nanoparticles have a high degree of crystallinity with spinel structure. The SPR system was successfully set up by using a glass prism coupler in a Kretschmann configuration in which gold (Au) thin film was thermally evaporated on the prism base. A green laser of wavelength 543 nm was used as light source. The angular scan in the attenuated total reflection (ATR) spectra showed a dropping intensity. Those things clearly indicated the appearance of SPR coupling phenomenon on the interface of Au thin film. The SPR spectra of fixed Au masses were also performed with same angular positions of dips. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were deposited on gold thin film as a third layer which was synthesized via co-precipitation method. Hence, it was observed that the variation of Fe3O4 concentration affected the SPR spectra profile. The concentrations of Fe3O4 nanoparticles are 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11 mg/ml which correspond to the angle shift of 0.1°, 0.3°, 0.5°, 0.7°, 0.9°, and 1.0°, respectively. The SPR angle of the dip was shifted to higher value due to change of refractive index of the medium as Fe3O4 nanoparticles concentration increases. Based on this result, we can conclude that the angle shift of SPR increases with increasing concentration of Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

  4. Reconstruction of the polar interface between hexagonal LuFeO3 and intergrown Fe3O4 nanolayers

    PubMed Central

    Akbashev, A. R.; Roddatis, V. V.; Vasiliev, A. L.; Lopatin, S.; Amelichev, V. A.; Kaul, A. R.

    2012-01-01

    We report the observation of an unusual phase assembly behavior during the growth of hexagonal LuFeO3 thin films which resulted in the formation of epitaxial Fe3O4 nanolayers. The magnetite layers were up to 5 nm thick and grew under the conditions at which Fe2O3 is thermodynamically stable. These Fe3O4 nanolayers act as buffer layers promoting a highly epitaxial growth of the hexagonal LuFeO3 thin film up to 150 nm thick. Using scanning transmission electron microscopy, we show that the interface between (001) LuFeO3 and (111) Fe3O4 can be reconstructed in two ways depending on the sequence in which these compounds grow on each other. We suggest the polarity of the interface is the reason behind the observed interface reconstruction and epitaxial stabilization of magnetite. PMID:22993697

  5. A Discovery of Strong Metal-Support Bonding in Nanoengineered Au-Fe3O4 Dumbbell-like Nanoparticles by in Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy.

    PubMed

    Han, Chang Wan; Choksi, Tej; Milligan, Cory; Majumdar, Paulami; Manto, Michael; Cui, Yanran; Sang, Xiahan; Unocic, Raymond R; Zemlyanov, Dmitry; Wang, Chao; Ribeiro, Fabio H; Greeley, Jeffrey; Ortalan, Volkan

    2017-08-09

    The strength of metal-support bonding in heterogeneous catalysts determines their thermal stability, therefore, a tremendous amount of effort has been expended to understand metal-support interactions. Herein, we report the discovery of an anomalous "strong metal-support bonding" between gold nanoparticles and "nano-engineered" Fe3O4 substrates by in situ microscopy. During in situ vacuum annealing of Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell-like nanoparticles, synthesized by the epitaxial growth of nano-Fe3O4 on Au nanoparticles, the gold nanoparticles transform into the gold thin films and wet the surface of nano-Fe3O4, as the surface reduction of nano-Fe3O4 proceeds. This phenomenon results from a unique coupling of the size-and shape-dependent high surface reducibility of nano-Fe3O4 and the extremely strong adhesion between Au and the reduced Fe3O4. This strong metal-support bonding reveals the significance of controlling the metal oxide support size and morphology for optimizing metal-support bonding and ultimately for the development of improved catalysts and functional nanostructures.

  6. Real-time monitoring of the structure of ultrathin Fe3O4 films during growth on Nb-doped SrTiO3(001)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuschel, O.; Spiess, W.; Schemme, T.; Rubio-Zuazo, J.; Kuepper, K.; Wollschläger, J.

    2017-07-01

    In this work, thin magnetite films were deposited on SrTiO3 via reactive molecular beam epitaxy at different substrate temperatures. The growth process was monitored in-situ during deposition by means of x-ray diffraction. While the magnetite film grown at 400 °C shows a fully relaxed vertical lattice constant already in the early growth stages, the film deposited at 270 °C exhibits a strong vertical compressive strain and relaxes towards the bulk value with increasing film thickness. Furthermore, a lateral tensile strain was observed under these growth conditions although the inverse behavior is expected due to the lattice mismatch of -7.5%. Additionally, the occupancy of the A and B sublattices of magnetite with tetrahedral and octahedral sites was investigated showing a lower occupancy of the A sites compared to an ideal inverse spinel structure. The occupation of A sites decreases for a higher growth temperature. Thus, we assume a relocation of the iron ions from tetrahedral sites to octahedral vacancies forming a deficient rock salt lattice.

  7. Photodarkening effect and optical properties of a nanocomposite material polymer/Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laikhtman, A.; Harea, D.; Axelevitch, A.; Meshalkin, A.

    2016-02-01

    Materials with combined ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties or magneto-electric coupling effects are promising candidates for information technology, photosensoring, and device fabrication. Preparation and characterization of multiferroic materials in which ferroelectricity and ferromagnetism coexist attracted much interest in research for functionalized materials and devices. They present a possibility to electrically control magnetic memory devices and, conversely, magnetically manipulate electric devices. In this work we considered Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles with and without a protective SiO2/TiO2 double-layer coating embedded into the carbazole-based, namely, polyepoxypropylcarbazole (PEPC) thin (500 nm) film. Optical characterization of the PEPC films was performed using light irradiation in the UV/VIS and NIR ranges. A shift in the optical absorption edge toward a higher wavelength region of the spectrum took place for all irradiated samples: the polymer film, as well as for the samples with Fe3O4 and Fe3O4/SiO2/TiO2 nanoparticles inside of the polymer matrix. We suggest that changes in the UV/VIS/NIR spectra took place as a function of the degree of structural changes and stabilizing of the atomic matrix, as well as due to change in the values of the refractive index following irradiation, calculated from the spectral data. In such a way photo-structural modifications induced by the UV irradiation and the implantation of the magnetic nanoparticles make these materials perspective for optical recording media. We conclude, therefore, that Fe3O4 and Fe3O4/SiO2/TiO2 nanoparticles considerably affect the optical properties of the PEPC thin film, and result in the enhancement of the photodarkening effect following the UV irradiation.

  8. Dispersion of nanocrystalline Fe3O4 within composite electrodes: Insights on battery-related electrochemistry

    DOE PAGES

    David C. Bock; Takeuchi, Kenneth J.; Pelliccione, Christopher J.; ...

    2016-04-20

    Aggregation of nanosized materials in composite lithium-ion-battery electrodes can be a significant factor influencing electrochemical behavior. In this study, aggregation was controlled in magnetite, Fe3O4, composite electrodes via oleic acid capping and subsequent dispersion in a carbon black matrix. A heat treatment process was effective in the removal of the oleic acid capping agent while preserving a high degree of Fe3O4 dispersion. Electrochemical testing showed that Fe3O4 dispersion is initially beneficial in delivering a higher functional capacity, in agreement with continuum model simulations. However, increased capacity fade upon extended cycling was observed for the dispersed Fe3O4 composites relative to themore » aggregated Fe3O4 composites. X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements of electrodes post cycling indicated that the dispersed Fe3O4 electrodes are more oxidized in the discharged state, consistent with reduced reversibility compared with the aggregated sample. Higher charge-transfer resistance for the dispersed sample after cycling suggests increased surface-film formation on the dispersed, high-surface-area nanocrystalline Fe3O4 compared to the aggregated materials. Furthermore, this study provides insight into the specific effects of aggregation on electrochemistry through a multiscale view of mechanisms for magnetite composite electrodes.« less

  9. Sol-gel derived silica/chitosan/Fe3O4 nanocomposite for direct electrochemistry and hydrogen peroxide biosensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Satvekar, R. K.; Rohiwal, S. S.; Tiwari, A. P.; Raut, A. V.; Tiwale, B. M.; Pawar, S. H.

    2015-01-01

    A novel strategy to fabricate hydrogen peroxide third generation biosensor has been developed from sol-gel of silica/chitosan (SC) organic-inorganic hybrid material assimilated with iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4). The large surface area of Fe3O4 and porous morphology of the SC composite facilitates a high loading of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Moreover, the entrapped enzyme preserves its conformation and biofunctionality. The fabrication of hydrogen peroxide biosensor has been carried out by drop casting of the SC/F/HRP nanocomposite on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for study of direct electrochemistry. The x-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirms the phase purity and particle size of as-synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles, respectively. The nanocomposite was characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) for the characteristic structure and conformation of enzyme. The surface topographies of the nanocomposite thin films were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Dynamic light scattering (DLS) was used to determine the particle size distribution. The electrostatic interactions of the SC composite with Fe3O4 nanoparticles were studied by the zeta potential measurement. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) of the SC/F/HRP/GCE electrode displays Fe3O4 nanoparticles as an excellent candidate for electron transfer. The SC/F/HRP/GCE exhibited a pair of well-defined quasi reversible cyclic voltammetry peaks due to the redox couple of HRP-heme Fe (III)/Fe (II) in pH 7.0 potassium phosphate buffer. The biosensor was employed to detect H2O2 with linear range of 5 μM to 40 μM and detection limit of 5 μM. The sensor displays excellent selectivity, sensitivity, good reproducibility and long term stability.

  10. Evidence of electron-phonon and spin-phonon couplings at the Verwey transition in Fe3O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Ankit; Chaudhary, Sujeet; Pandya, Dinesh K.; Sharma, Shiv K.

    2014-07-01

    Using low temperature Raman spectra on two-dimensional epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films, the presence of electron-phonon (e-p) and spin-phonon (s-p) couplings is established in the vicinity of Verwey transition (TV). The e-p coupling is linked to A1g and T2g Raman modes and s-p to the T2g mode, below isotropic point (TK). The parabolic dependence of the characteristic spin-correlation eigenstates on the magnetization, Δωs -phn∝∝[M(T)/MS]2 observed between TK and TV demonstrates the presence of s-p coupling. This work provides experimental evidence of the onset of correlation between these couplings and charge-orbital ordering below TK to govern the Verwey transition in Fe3O4 films.

  11. Fe3O4 nanoparticles: superparamagnetic behavior

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trevino, Matea; Chesnel, Karine; Olsen, Betsy; Boerio-Goates, Julie

    2010-10-01

    Magnetite ( Fe3O4 ) nanoparticles exhibit a superparamagnetic behavior when small, 1-50 nm in diameter. When cooling the sample, we reach a point called the blocking temperature (Tb), below which the magnetic moments are frozen. Each particle carries a super macrospin and aligns with other macrospins in the presence of a magnetic field. We will show results obtained on the nanoparticles of two batches: 5-15nm and 40-50nm in diameter. We studied these particles with Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM). We will show magnetization curves taken at different temperatures and Field Cooling versus Zero Field Cooling measurements, to determine Tb. We will show Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) images of nanoparticles deposited on a substrate. The AFM images provide information about the structure and morphology of the nanoparticles assembly. We will include Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM) images to show the local magnetic profile of individual particles. By comparing VSM data and AFM/MFM images, our goal is to understand the superparamagnetic behavior of nanoparticles.

  12. Facile synthesis of monodisperse superparamagnetic Fe3O4/PMMA composite nanospheres with high magnetization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lan, Fang; Liu, Ke-Xia; Jiang, Wen; Zeng, Xiao-Bo; Wu, Yao; Gu, Zhong-Wei

    2011-06-01

    Monodisperse superparamagnetic Fe3O4/polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) composite nanospheres with high saturation magnetization were successfully prepared by a facile novel miniemulsion polymerization method. The ferrofluid, MMA monomer and surfactants were co-sonicated and emulsified to form stable miniemulsion for polymerization. The samples were characterized by DLS, TEM, FTIR, XRD, TGA and VSM. The diameter of the Fe3O4/PMMA composite nanospheres by DLS was close to 90 nm with corresponding polydispersity index (PDI) as small as 0.099, which indicated that the nanospheres have excellent homogeneity in aqueous medium. The TEM results implied that the Fe3O4/PMMA composite nanospheres had a perfect core-shell structure with about 3 nm thin PMMA shells, and the core was composed of many homogeneous and closely packed Fe3O4 nanoparticles. VSM and TGA showed that the Fe3O4/PMMA composite nanospheres with at least 65% high magnetite content were superparamagnetic, and the saturation magnetization was as high as around 39 emu g - 1 (total mass), which was only decreased by 17% compared with the initial bare Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

  13. Magnetically separable mesoporous Fe3O4/silica catalysts with very low Fe3O4 content

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grau-Atienza, A.; Serrano, E.; Linares, N.; Svedlindh, P.; Seisenbaeva, G.; García-Martínez, J.

    2016-05-01

    Two magnetically separable Fe3O4/SiO2 (aerogel and MSU-X) composites with very low Fe3O4 content (<1 wt%) have been successfully prepared at room temperature by co-condensation of MPTES-functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) with a silicon alkoxide. This procedure yields a homogeneous incorporation of the Fe3O4 NPs on silica supports, leading to magnetic composites that can be easily recovered using an external magnetic field, despite their very low Fe3O4 NPs content (ca. 1 wt%). These novel hybrid Fe3O4/SiO2 materials have been tested for the oxidation reaction of 3,3‧,5,5‧-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) with hydrogen peroxide showing an enhancement of the stability of the NPs in the Fe3O4/silica aerogel as compared to the Fe3O4 NPs alone, even after five catalytic cycles, no leaching or agglomeration of the Fe3O4/SiO2 systems.

  14. Facile synthesis of Fe3O4 and multifunctional Fe3O4@Albumen nanoparticles for biomedical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qasim, Mohd; Asghar, Khushnuma; Das, Dibakar

    2017-05-01

    In this work two different sizes of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) have successfully been synthesized by changing reaction parameter. Prepared Fe3O4 NPs have been characterized for its structural, morphological, and magnetic properties by using XRD, FESEM, TEM, SAED and VSM techniques. XRD and SAED patterns confirmed the formation of cubic phase Fe3O4 NPs. Crystallite sizes estimated using the Debye-Scherrer equation of both prepared Fe3O4 NPs using less (S1) and more (S2) NaBH4 were found to be 9 and 18 nm respectively. Both TEM and FESEM results suggested nearly spherical and random morphology of both S1 and S2 prepared Fe3O4 NPs with average particles sizes of 22 and 27 nm respectively. VSM result revealed superparamagnetic nature of the prepared Fe3O4 NPs. In the last section of this work, prepared Fe3O4 NPs have successfully been coated with albumen to form biocompatible multifunctional Fe3O4@Alb nanoparticle. These Fe3O4@Alb NPs may find potential applications in targeted drug delivery due to its magnetic tunability, biocompatibility and inexpensiveness.

  15. Spin-dependent transport properties of Fe3O4/MoS2/Fe3O4 junctions

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Han-Chun; Coileáin, Cormac Ó; Abid, Mourad; Mauit, Ozhet; Syrlybekov, Askar; Khalid, Abbas; Xu, Hongjun; Gatensby, Riley; Jing Wang, Jing; Liu, Huajun; Yang, Li; Duesberg, Georg S.; Zhang, Hong-Zhou; Abid, Mohamed; Shvets, Igor V.

    2015-01-01

    Magnetite is a half-metal with a high Curie temperature of 858 K, making it a promising candidate for magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs). Yet, initial efforts to exploit its half metallic nature in Fe3O4/MgO/Fe3O4 MTJ structures have been far from promising. Finding suitable barrier layer materials, which keep the half metallic nature of Fe3O4 at the interface between Fe3O4 layers and barrier layer, is one of main challenges in this field. Two-dimensional (2D) materials may be good candidates for this purpose. Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is a transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) semiconductor with distinctive electronic, optical, and catalytic properties. Here, we show based on the first principle calculations that Fe3O4 keeps a nearly fully spin polarized electron band at the interface between MoS2 and Fe3O4. We also present the first attempt to fabricate the Fe3O4/MoS2/Fe3O4 MTJs. A clear tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) signal was observed below 200 K. Thus, our experimental and theoretical studies indicate that MoS2 can be a good barrier material for Fe3O4 based MTJs. Our calculations also indicate that junctions incorporating monolayer or bilayer MoS2 are metallic. PMID:26522127

  16. Mechanisms of spin-flipping and metal-insulator transition in nano-Fe3O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dito Fauzi, Angga; Aziz Majidi, Muhammad; Rusydi, Andrivo

    2017-04-01

    Fe3O4 is a half-metallic ferrimagnet with {{T}\\text{C}}∼ 860 K exhibiting metal-insulator transition (MIT) at  ∼120 K. In bulk form, the saturation magnetization is 0.6 Tesla (∼471 emu cm‑3). A recent experimental study has shown that the saturation magnetization of nano-Fe3O4 thin films can achieve up to  ∼760 emu cm‑3, attributed to spin-flipping of Fe ions at tetrahedral sites assisted by oxygen vacancies (V O). Such a system has shown to have higher MIT temperature (∼150 K). The spin-flipping is a new phenomenon in Fe3O4, while the MIT is a long-standing one. Here, we propose a model and calculations to investigate the mechanisms of both phenomena. Our results show that, for the system without V O, the ferrimagnetic configuration is energetically favorable. Remakably, upon inclusion of V O, the ground-state configuration switches into ferromagnetic. As for the MIT, by proposing temperature dependences of some hopping integrals in the model, we demonstrate that the system without and with V O undergo the MIT in slightly different ways, leading to higher MIT temperature for the system with V O, in agreement with the experimental data. Our results also show that the MIT in both systems occur concomitantly with the redistribution of electrons among the three Fe ions in each Fe3O4 formula unit. As such temperature dependences of hopping integrals may arise due to dynamic Jahn–Teller effects, our phenomenological theory may provide a way to reconcile existing theories relating the MIT to the structural transition and the charge ordering.

  17. The dynamic magnetoviscoelastic properties of biomineralized (Fe3O4) PVP-CMC hydrogel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ray, Ayan; Saha, Nabanita; Saha, Petr

    2017-05-01

    The Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) based polymer matrix was used as a template for the preparation of magnetic hydrogel. This freshly prepared PVP-CMC hydrogel template was successfully mineralized by in situ synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4) via chemical co-precipitation reaction using liquid diffusion method. The present study emphasizes on the rheological behavior of non-mineralized and mineralized PVP-CMC hydrogels. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) pattern, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-TR), Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and dynamic magneto rheometer were used to study the morphological, physical, chemical and magnetic properties of nanoparticle (Fe3O4) filled PVP-CMC hydrogel respectively in order to monitor how Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles affects the mechanical properties of the hydrogel network. The storage (G') and loss (G") moduli with a complex viscosity of the system was measured using a parallel plate rheometer. Frequency and amplitude sweep with temperature variation was performed to determine the frequency and amplitude dependent magneto viscoelastic moduli for both hydrogel samples. A strong shear thinning effect was observed in both (non-mineralized and mineralized) PVP-CMC hydrogels, which confirm that Fe3O4 filled magnetic hydrogels, are pseudoplastic in nature. This Fe3O4 filled PVP-CMC hydrogel can be considered as stimuli-responsive soft matter that may be used as an actuator in medical devices.

  18. Synthesis and characterization of ferrocene modified Fe3O4@Au magnetic nanoparticles and its application.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Jian-Ding; Xiong, Meng; Liang, Ru-Ping; Peng, Hua-Ping; Liu, Fen

    2009-04-15

    A novel dopamine sensor was fabricated by forming the 6-ferrocenylhexanethiol (HS(CH(2))(6)Fc) functionalized Fe(3)O(4)@Au nanoparticles (NPs) films on the surface of a carbon paste electrode with the aid of a permanent magnet. HS(CH(2))(6)Fc, which acted as the redox mediator, was self-assembled to Fe(3)O(4)@Au NPs via Au-S bond. Transmission electron microscopy, UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectra, and cyclic voltammetry were used to characterize the properties of the Fe(3)O(4)@Au NPs/HS(CH(2))(6)Fc nanocomposite. It is shown that the prepared ferrocene-functionalized Fe(3)O(4)@Au NPs composite shuttled electrons between analyte and electrode, increased the mediator loading, and more importantly prevented the leakage of the mediator during measurements, which resulted in the substantially enhanced stability and reproducibility of the modified electrode. The electrooxidation of dopamine could be catalyzed by Fc/Fc(+) couple as a mediator and had a higher electrochemical response due to the unique performance of Fe(3)O(4)@Au NPs. The nanocomposite modified electrode exhibited fast response (3 s) and the linear range was from 2.0x10(-6) to 9.2x10(-4) M with a detection limit of 0.64 microM. This immobilization approach effectively improved the stability of the electron transfer mediator and is promising for construction of other sensors and bioelectronic devices.

  19. Green synthesis and surface properties of Fe3O4@SA core-shell nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Huimin; Li, Juchuan; Shen, Yuhua; Li, Shikuo; Huang, Fangzhi; Xie, Anjian

    2014-05-01

    In this paper, a one-step, economic and green approach was explored to prepare Fe3O4 nanoparticles by using L-cysteine as reducer and disperser without any inert gas protection. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were then modified with stearic acid (SA) to form Fe3O4@SA core-shell nanocomposites. The experiment results indicate that the core-shell nanocomposites prepared could form monolayer on the water surface or films by means of Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technology due to their hydrophobic and lipophilic properties. Also the composites exhibit paramagnetism, which make product dispersed stably in the oil medium to form magnetic fluid. Moreover, they are developed as sorbents to remove oil from water surface.

  20. Fe3O4/carbon core-shell nanotubes as promising anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Hui; Wan, Yunhai; Yuan, Guoliang; Fu, Yongsheng; Wang, Xin

    2013-11-01

    Magnetite (Fe3O4)/carbon core-shell nanotubes have been successfully synthesized by partial reduction of monodispersed hematite (Fe2O3) nanotubes with carbon coating. Fe2O3 is completely converted to Fe3O4 during the reduction process and a thin carbon layer is continuously coated on the surface of Fe3O4 with the nanotube morphology reserved. The Fe3O4/carbon core-shell nanotubes exhibit superior electrochemical properties as anode material for lithium-ion batteries compared with the Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanotubes. The Fe3O4/carbon core-shell nanotubes electrode shows a large reversible capacity up to 938 mAh g-1 as well as improved cycling stability and excellent rate capability. The promising anode performance of the Fe3O4/carbon core-shell nanotubes can be attributed to their tubular morphology and continuous carbon coating, which provide improved structural stability and fast charge transport.

  1. Studies on Properties of Rice Straw/Polymer Nanocomposites Based on Polycaprolactone and Fe3O4 Nanoparticles and Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity

    PubMed Central

    Khandanlou, Roshanak; Ahmad, Mansor B.; Shameli, Kamyar; Saki, Elnaz; Kalantari, Katayoon

    2014-01-01

    Modified rice straw/Fe3O4/polycaprolactone nanocomposites (ORS/Fe3O4/PCL-NCs) have been prepared for the first time using a solution casting method. The RS/Fe3O4-NCs were modified with octadecylamine (ODA) as an organic modifier. The prepared NCs were characterized by using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The XRD results showed that as the intensity of the peaks decreased with the increase of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs content in comparison with PCL peaks, the Fe3O4-NPs peaks increased from 1.0 to 60.0 wt. %. The TEM and SEM results showed a good dispersion of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs in the PCL matrix and the spherical shape of the NPs. The TGA analysis indicated thermal stability of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs increased after incorporation with PCL but the thermal stability of ORS/Fe3O4/PCL-NCs decreased with the increase of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs content. Tensile strength was improved with the addition of 5.0 wt. % of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs. The antibacterial activities of the ORS/Fe3O4/PCL-NC films were examined against Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) by diffusion method using nutrient agar. The results indicated that ORS/Fe3O4/PCL-NC films possessed a strong antibacterial activity with the increase in the percentage of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs in the PCL. PMID:25318051

  2. Supraparamagnetic, conductive, and processable multifunctional graphene nanosheets coated with high-density Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    He, Hongkun; Gao, Chao

    2010-11-01

    The amazing properties of graphene are triggering extensive interests of both scientists and engineers, whereas how to fully utilize the unique attributes of graphene to construct novel graphene-based composites with tailor-made, integrated functions remains to be a challenge. Here, we report a facile approach to multifunctional iron oxide nanoparticle-attached graphene nanosheets (graphene@Fe(3)O(4)) which show the integrated properties of strong supraparamagnetism, electrical conductivity, highly chemical reactivity, good solubility, and excellent processability. The synthesis method is efficient, scalable, green, and controllable and has the feature of reduction of graphene oxide and formation of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles in one step. When the feed ratios are adjusted, the average diameter of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (1.2-6.3 nm), the coverage density of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles on graphene nanosheets (5.3-57.9%), and the saturated magnetization of graphene@Fe(3)O(4) (0.5-44.1 emu/g) can be controlled readily. Because of the good solubility of the as-prepared graphene@Fe(3)O(4), highly flexible and multifunctional films composed of polyurethane and a high content of graphene@Fe(3)O(4) (up to 60 wt %) were fabricated by the solution-processing technique. The graphene@Fe(3)O(4) hybrid sheets showed electrical conductivity of 0.7 S/m and can be aligned into a layered-stacking pattern in an external magnetic field. The versatile graphene@Fe(3)O(4) nanosheets hold great promise in a wide range of fields, including magnetic resonance imaging, electromagnetic interference shielding, microwave absorbing, and so forth.

  3. Surface decorated Fe3O4 nanoparticles for magnetic hyperthermia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gawali, Santosh L.; Barick, K. C.; Hassan, P. A.

    2017-05-01

    Magnetic nanoparticles have been widely investigated for their great potential in several biomedical applications such as magnetic hyperthermia, drug delivery and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We have developed a formulation in which the surface of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles is decorated with succinic acid (SA) to provide enhanced colloidal stability in biological fluids while preserving their optimal magnetic properties. The successful surface decoration of particles with SA is evident from FTIR, TGA, DLS and zeta-potential measurements. XRD and TEM analysis revealed the formation of inverse spinel Fe3O4 nanoparticles of average size 10 nm. Our induction heating studies exhibited the excellent heating efficacy of these nanoparticles under applied AC magnetic field. The heating ability was found to be strongly dependent on the concentration of particles in magnetic suspension and applied AC magnetic field. Specifically, a novel water-dispersible surface decorated Fe3O4 nanoparticles formulation was developed for magnetic hyperthermia.

  4. Modeling Verwey transition temperature of Fe3O4 nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Xiao bao; Xiao, Bei bei; Yang, Hong yu; Gu, Xiao yan; Sheng, Hong chao; Zhang, Xing hua

    2016-11-01

    The Verwey transition in nanoscale is an important physical property for Fe3O4 nanocrystals and has attracted extensive attention in recent years. In this work, an analytic thermodynamic model without any adjusting parameters is developed to estimate the size and shape effects on modulating the Verwey transition temperature of Fe3O4 nanocrystals. The results show that the Verwey transition temperature reduces with increasing shape parameter λ or decreasing size D. A good agreement between the prediction and the experimental data verified our physical insight that the Verwey transition of Fe3O4 can be directly related to the atomic thermal vibration. The results presented in this work will be of benefit to the understanding of the microscopic mechanism of the Verwey transition and the design of future generation switching and memory devices.

  5. Bio and nanomaterials based on Fe3O4.

    PubMed

    Xu, Jia-Kun; Zhang, Fang-Fang; Sun, Jing-Jing; Sheng, Jun; Wang, Fang; Sun, Mi

    2014-12-22

    During the past few years, nanoparticles have been used for various applications including, but not limited to, protein immobilization, bioseparation, environmental treatment, biomedical and bioengineering usage, and food analysis. Among all types of nanoparticles, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, especially Fe3O4, have attracted a great deal of attention due to their unique magnetic properties and the ability of being easily chemical modified for improved biocompatibility, dispersibility. This review covers recent advances in the fabrication of functional materials based on Fe3O4 nanoparticles together with their possibilities and limitations for application in different fields.

  6. Heteroepitaxy of Fe3O4/Muscovite: A New Perspective for Flexible Spintronics.

    PubMed

    Wu, Ping-Chun; Chen, Ping-Fan; Do, Thi Hien; Hsieh, Ying-Hui; Ma, Chun-Hao; Ha, Thai Duy; Wu, Kun-Hong; Wang, Yu-Jia; Li, Hao-Bo; Chen, Yi-Chun; Juang, Jenh-Yih; Yu, Pu; Eng, Lukas M; Chang, Chun-Fu; Chiu, Po-Wen; Tjeng, Liu Hao; Chu, Ying-Hao

    2016-12-14

    Spintronics has captured a lot of attention since it was proposed. It has been triggering numerous research groups to make their efforts on pursuing spin-related electronic devices. Recently, flexible and wearable devices are in a high demand due to their outstanding potential in practical applications. In order to introduce spintronics into the realm of flexible devices, we demonstrate that it is feasible to grow epitaxial Fe3O4 film, a promising candidate for realizing spintronic devices based on tunneling magnetoresistance, on flexible muscovite. In this study, the heteroepitaxy of Fe3O4/muscovite is characterized by X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The chemical composition and magnetic feature are investigated by a combination of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. The electrical and magnetic properties are examined to show the preservation of the primitive properties of Fe3O4. Furthermore, various bending tests are performed to show the tunability of functionalities and to confirm that the heterostructures retain the physical properties under repeated cycles. These results illustrate that the Fe3O4/muscovite heterostructure can be a potential candidate for the applications in flexible spintronics.

  7. Solid-state synthesis of the ZnO-Fe3O4 nanocomposite: Structural and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bykova, L. E.; Myagkov, V. G.; Tambasov, I. A.; Bayukov, O. A.; Zhigalov, V. S.; Polyakova, K. P.; Bondarenko, G. N.; Nemtsev, I. V.; Polyakov, V. V.; Patrin, G. S.; Velikanov, D. A.

    2015-02-01

    The structural and magnetic properties of ZnO-Fe3O4 nanocomposites produced by the solid-state reaction Zn + 3Fe2O3 → ZnO + 2Fe3O4 upon annealing of Zn/α-Fe2O3 films under vacuum at a temperature of 450°C have been studied. Ferrimagnetic Fe3O4 clusters with an average grain size of 40 nm and a magnetization of ˜430 emu/cm3 at room temperature, which are surrounded by a ZnO layer with a large contact surface, have been synthesized. The magnetic characteristics of the ZnO-Fe3O4 nanocomposite in the temperature range of 10-300 K have been presented.

  8. Study of structure and properties of oxide electrode materials (Fe3O4, AZO, SRO) and their device applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olga, Chichvarina

    Ferroelectric thin film capacitor heterostructures have attracted considerable attention in the last decade because of their potential applications in piezoelectric sensors, actuators, power generators and non-volatile memory devices. Strongly correlated all-perovskite oxide heterojunctions are of a particular interest, as their material properties (electronic, structural, magnetic and optical, etc.) can be tuned via doping, interface effect, applied electrical field, and formation of two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG), etc. The right selection of electrode material for this type of capacitor-like structures may modify and enhance the performance of a device, as the electrode/barrier layer interfaces can significantly influence its macroscopic properties. Although there is a number of reports on the effect of electrode interfaces on the properties of PZT capacitors deposited on SRO buffered STO substrate, very little is known about Fe3O4/PZT and AZO/PZT electrode interfaces. This thesis comprises two parts. In the first part we present a systematic study of the structural, transport, magnetic and optical properties of oxide thin films: AZO, Fe3O4 and SRO. These monolayers were fabricated via pulsed laser deposition technique on quartz, MgO and STO substrates respectively. The second part of this thesis elucidates the behaviour of these three oxides as electrode components in PZT/SRO/STO heteroepitaxial structures. The highlights of the work are summarized below: 1) Zinc-blende (ZB) phase of ZnO was predicted to possess higher values of conductivity and higher doping efficiency compared to its wurzite counterpart and thus has greater chances of facilitating the fabrication of ZnO-electrode-based devices. However, zinc-blende is a metastable phase, and it is challenging to obtain single-phase ZB. To tackle this challenge we tuned parameters such-as film thickness, substrate and annealing effect, and achieved a ZB phase of Ti-doped ZnO, ZB-(Zn1-xTix)O thin film. An

  9. Electronic and magnetic structure of epitaxial Fe3O4(001 ) /NiO heterostructures grown on MgO(001) and Nb-doped SrTiO3(001 )

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuepper, K.; Kuschel, O.; Pathé, N.; Schemme, T.; Schmalhorst, J.; Thomas, A.; Arenholz, E.; Gorgoi, M.; Ovsyannikov, R.; Bartkowski, S.; Reiss, G.; Wollschläger, J.

    2016-07-01

    We study the underlying chemical, electronic, and magnetic properties of a number of magnetite-based thin films. The main focus is placed onto Fe3O4 (001)/NiO bilayers grown on MgO(001) and Nb-SrTiO3(001) substrates. We compare the results with those obtained on pure Fe3O4 (001) thin films. It is found that the magnetite layers are oxidized and Fe3 + dominates at the surfaces due to maghemite (γ -Fe2O3 ) formation, which decreases with increasing magnetite layer thickness. For layer thicknesses of around 20 nm and above, the cationic distribution is close to that of stoichiometric Fe3O4 . At the interface between NiO and Fe3O4 we find the Ni to be in a divalent valence state, with unambiguous spectral features in the Ni 2 p core level x-ray photoelectron spectra typical for NiO. The formation of a significant NiFe2O4 interlayer can be excluded by means of x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. Magneto-optical Kerr effect measurements reveal significant higher coercive fields compared to magnetite thin films grown on MgO(001), and an altered in-plane easy axis pointing in the <100 > direction. We discuss the spin magnetic moments of the magnetite layers and find that a thickness of 20 nm or above leads to spin magnetic moments close to that of bulk magnetite.

  10. One-step preparation of Fe3O4/Pd@polypyrrole composites with enhanced catalytic activity and stability.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hui; Liu, Yang; Wu, Jie; Xin, Baifu

    2016-08-15

    Core/shell Fe3O4/Pd@polypyrrole (PPy) composites with a Fe3O4 core and a PPy shell embedding Pd nanoparticles were prepared in one-step. The diameter of highly dispersed Pd nanoparticles was as small as 2.9nm owing to coordination interaction generated between Pd(2+) ions and amino groups on PPy chains. The outer PPy shell was only 6.8nm: on one hand, the coverage was beneficial to improving the stability of resulting composites; on the other hand, the shell was thin enough to permit free contact between embedding Pd nanoparticles and reactants. Additionally, the as-prepared Fe3O4/Pd@PPy composites displayed good magnetic separation property due to incorporation of Fe3O4 nanospheres. Based on above merits, they served as suitable catalyst candidates. Their catalytic performance and reusability were evaluated by reduction of 4-nitrophenol with sodium borohydride as reducing agent. Compared with traditional Fe3O4/Pd composites, Fe3O4/Pd@PPy composites not only showed superior catalytic activity; but also exhibited much better stability in successive cycling tests. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Synthesis, characterization and magnetic properties of Fe3O4 doped chitosan polymer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karaca, E.; Şatır, M.; Kazan, S.; Açıkgöz, M.; Öztürk, E.; Gürdağ, G.; Ulutaş, D.

    2015-01-01

    Fe3O4 nanoparticles doped into chitosan films were prepared by the solution casting technique. Various samples were synthesized in atmospheric medium and in vacuum. The morphological properties of the samples were characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The structural, magnetic, and microwave absorption properties of magnetic chitosan films have been carried out using the Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) and Ferromagnetic Resonance (FMR). It is shown that the composite polymer behaves like a superparamagnetic material with high blocking temperature. The effective magnetization shows gradual increments with the concentration of dopant Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The microwave absorption characteristic of superparamagnetic composite polymer shows low reflection loss.

  12. Thermal and irradiation induced interdiffusion in magnetite thin films grown on magnesium oxide (0 0 1) substrates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim-Ngan, N.-T. H.; Balogh, A. G.; Meyer, J. D.; Brötz, J.; Zając, M.; Ślęzak, T.; Korecki, J.

    2009-05-01

    Epitaxial Fe 3O 4(0 0 1) thin films (with a thickness in the range of 10-20 nm) grown on MgO substrates were characterized using low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) and investigated using Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), channeling (RBS-C) experiments and X-ray reflectometry (XRR). The Mg out-diffusion from the MgO substrate into the film was observed for the directly-deposited Fe 3O 4/MgO(0 0 1) films. For the Fe 3O 4/Fe/MgO(0 0 1) films, the Mg diffusion was prevented by the Fe layer and the surface layer is always a pure Fe 3O 4 layer. Annealing and ion beam mixing induced a very large interface zone having a spinel and/or wustite formula in the Fe 3O 4-on-Fe film system.

  13. Tailoring the nickel nanoparticles anchored on the surface of Fe3O4@SiO2 spheres for nanocatalysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ding, Lei; Zhang, Min; Zhang, Yanwei; Yang, Jinbo; Zheng, Jing; Hayat, Tasawar; Alharbi, Njud S.; Xu, Jingli

    2017-08-01

    Herein, we report an efficient and universal strategy for synthesizing a unique triple-shell structured Fe3O4@SiO2@C-Ni hybrid composite. Firstly, the Fe3O4 cores were synthesized by hydrothermal reaction, and sequentially coated with SiO2 and a thin layer of nickel-ion-doped resin-formaldehyde (RF-Ni2+) using an extended Stöber method. This was followed by carbonization to produce the Fe3O4@SiO2@C-Ni nanocomposites with metallic nickel nanoparticles embedded in an RF-derived thin graphic carbon layer. Interestingly, the thin SiO2 spacer layer between RF-Ni2+ and Fe3O4 plays a critical role on adjusting the size and density of the nickel nanoparticles on the surface of Fe3O4@SiO2 nanospheres. The detailed tailoring mechanism is explicitly discussed, and it is shown that the iron oxide core can react with the nickel nanoparticles without the SiO2 spacer layer, and the size and density of the nickel nanoparticles can be effectively controlled when the SiO2 layer exits. The multifunctional composites exhibit a significantly enhanced catalytic performance in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP).

  14. Reversal modes and magnetostatic interactions in Fe3O4/ZrO2/Fe3O4 multilayer nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Pitzschel, Kristina; Bachmann, Julien; Montero-Moreno, Josep M; Escrig, Juan; Görlitz, Detlef; Nielsch, Kornelius

    2012-12-14

    Reversal modes and magnetostatic interactions of multilayered Fe(3)O(4)/ZrO(2)/Fe(3)O(4) nanotubes consisting of a ferromagnetic internal tube, an intermediate non-magnetic spacer and an external magnetic shell are investigated as a function of their geometric parameters and compared with those produced inside the pores of anodic alumina membranes by atomic layer deposition. Based on a continuum approach we obtained analytical expressions that underline the first experimental results and support their interpretation that the system of multilayer tubes behaves as the reversal of two isolated systems. It is observed that the magnetostatic interaction between both phases depends on the magnetic configurations in each phase and also on the geometrical parameters considered. These structures have potential applications in novel spintronics devices, ultra-small magnetic media and other nano-devices.

  15. Origin of Surface Canting within Fe3O4 Nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krycka, K. L.; Borchers, J. A.; Booth, R. A.; Ijiri, Y.; Hasz, K.; Rhyne, J. J.; Majetich, S. A.

    2014-10-01

    The nature of near-surface spin canting within Fe3O4 nanoparticles is highly debated. Here we develop a neutron scattering asymmetry analysis which quantifies the canting angle to between 23° and 42° at 1.2 T. Simultaneously, an energy-balance model is presented which reproduces the experimentally observed evolution of shell thickness and canting angle between 10 and 300 K. The model is based on the concept of Td site reorientation and indicates that surface canting involves competition between magnetocrystalline, dipolar, exchange, and Zeeman energies.

  16. Removal of Organophosphorus Pesticides from Aqueous Solution by Magnetic Fe3O4/Red Mud-Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Aydin, Senar

    2016-12-01

      The aim of this study was to investigate the usability of magnetic Fe3O4/red mud nanoparticles (NPs) for the removal of organophosphorus pesticides from water samples. The effect of various experimental parameters such as red mud amount in Fe3O4/red mud-NPs, pH, contact time, initial pesticide concentrations and adsorbent dose was studied in order to find the optimum conditions for their removal in a batch process. The Fe3O4/red mud-NPs were characterized by using TGA, SEM, XRD, VSM, and determination of the BET surface area. After the regenerated Fe3O4/red mud-NPs were used three times, the sorption capacity and the magnetic separability were observed to be unaffected. Freundlich model described the sorption process better than Langmuir isotherm and the pseudo second-order kinetic model was determined as the best-fit model. The film diffusion mechanism was found to be a main rate control mechanism. The Fe3O4/red mud-NPs satisfactorily removed the OPPS from real water samples.

  17. Reduced temperature-dependent thermal conductivity of magnetite thin films by controlling film thickness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, No-Won; Lee, Won-Yong; Kim, Jin-A.; Song, Kyungjun; Lim, Hyuneui; Kim, Wan-Doo; Yoon, Soon-Gil; Lee, Sang-Kwon

    2014-02-01

    We report on the out-of-plane thermal conductivities of epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films with thicknesses of 100, 300, and 400 nm, prepared using pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on SiO2/Si substrates. The four-point probe three-omega (3- ω) method was used for thermal conductivity measurements of the Fe3O4 thin films in the temperature range of 20 to 300 K. By measuring the temperature-dependent thermal characteristics of the Fe3O4 thin films, we realized that their thermal conductivities significantly decreased with decreasing grain size and thickness of the films. The out-of-plane thermal conductivities of the Fe3O4 films were found to be in the range of 0.52 to 3.51 W/m · K at 300 K. For 100-nm film, we found that the thermal conductivity was as low as approximately 0.52 W/m · K, which was 1.7 to 11.5 order of magnitude lower than the thermal conductivity of bulk material at 300 K. Furthermore, we calculated the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity of these Fe3O4 films using a simple theoretical Callaway model for comparison with the experimental data. We found that the Callaway model predictions agree reasonably with the experimental data. We then noticed that the thin film-based oxide materials could be efficient thermoelectric materials to achieve high performance in thermoelectric devices.

  18. Antifungal activity of multifunctional Fe 3O 4-Ag nanocolloids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chudasama, Bhupendra; Vala, Anjana K.; Andhariya, Nidhi; Upadhyay, R. V.; Mehta, R. V.

    2011-05-01

    In recent years, rapid increase has been observed in the population of microbes that are resistant to conventionally used antibiotics. Antifungal drug therapy is no exception and now resistance to many of the antifungal agents in use has emerged. Therefore, there is an inevitable and urgent medical need for antibiotics with novel antimicrobial mechanisms. Aspergillus glaucus is the potential cause of fatal brain infections and hypersensitivity pneumonitis in immunocompromised patients and leads to death despite aggressive multidrug antifungal therapy. In the present article, we describe the antifungal activity of multifunctional core-shell Fe 3O 4-Ag nanocolloids against A. glaucus isolates. Controlled experiments are also carried out with Ag nanocolloids in order to understand the role of core (Fe 3O 4) in the antifungal action. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of nanocolloids is determined by the micro-dilution method. MIC of A. glaucus is 2000 μg/mL. The result is quite promising and requires further investigations in order to develop a treatment methodology against this death causing fungus in immunocompromised patients.

  19. Microbial synthesis of Pd/Fe3O4, Au/Fe3O4 and PdAu/Fe3O4 nanocomposites for catalytic reduction of nitroaromatic compounds

    PubMed Central

    Tuo, Ya; Liu, Guangfei; Dong, Bin; Zhou, Jiti; Wang, Aijie; Wang, Jing; Jin, Ruofei; Lv, Hong; Dou, Zeou; Huang, Wenyu

    2015-01-01

    Magnetically recoverable noble metal nanoparticles are promising catalysts for chemical reactions. However, the chemical synthesis of these nanocatalysts generally causes environmental concern due to usage of toxic chemicals under extreme conditions. Here, Pd/Fe3O4, Au/Fe3O4 and PdAu/Fe3O4 nanocomposites are biosynthesized under ambient and physiological conditions by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. Microbial cells firstly transform akaganeite into magnetite, which then serves as support for the further synthesis of Pd, Au and PdAu nanoparticles from respective precursor salts. Surface-bound cellular components and exopolysaccharides not only function as shape-directing agent to convert some Fe3O4 nanoparticles to nanorods, but also participate in the formation of PdAu alloy nanoparticles on magnetite. All these three kinds of magnetic nanocomposites can catalyze the reduction of 4-nitrophenol and some other nitroaromatic compounds by NaBH4. PdAu/Fe3O4 demonstrates higher catalytic activity than Pd/Fe3O4 and Au/Fe3O4. Moreover, the magnetic nanocomposites can be easily recovered through magnetic decantation after catalysis reaction. PdAu/Fe3O4 can be reused in at least eight successive cycles of 4-nitrophenol reduction. The biosynthesis approach presented here does not require harmful agents or rigorous conditions and thus provides facile and environmentally benign choice for the preparation of magnetic noble metal nanocatalysts. PMID:26310728

  20. Synthesis and cellular compatibility of biomineralized Fe3O4 nanoparticles in tumor cells targeting peptides.

    PubMed

    Wei, Yan; Yin, Guangfu; Ma, Chuying; Huang, Zhongbing; Chen, Xianchun; Liao, Xiaoming; Yao, Yadong; Yin, Hao

    2013-07-01

    Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) coated with WSG-peptide were prepared via a facile biomineralization technique at room temperature. The concentration of the peptides and the mixing time could substantially influence the morphology of as-prepared particles. The saturation magnetization of WSG-coated Fe3O4 particles were 35.92 emu/g, slightly higher than that of Fe3O4 without WSG peptides. Cell viability assay revealed that WSG-coated Fe3O4 particles had a good cellular compatibility. In addition, compared with Fe3O4 NPs, the mineralized Fe3O4 NPs coated with WSG peptides could more easily assemble into the cancer cell, indicating that the WSG-Fe3O4 NPs possess cancer targeting property. Thus, the WSG-coated Fe3O4 NPs could be used in cancer diagnosis and treatment fields. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Production of nearly monodisperse Fe3O4 and Fe@Fe3O4 nanoparticles in aqueous medium and their surface modification for biomedical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tegafaw, Tirusew; Xu, Wenlong; Lee, Sang Hyup; Chae, Kwon Seok; Chang, Yongmin; Lee, Gang Ho

    2017-02-01

    Iron (Fe)-based nanoparticles are extremely valuable in biomedical applications owing to their low toxicity and high magnetization values at room temperature. In this study, we synthesized nearly monodisperse iron oxide (Fe3O4) and Fe@Fe3O4 (core: Fe, shell: Fe3O4) nanoparticles in aqueous medium under argon flow and then, coated them with various biocompatible ligands and silica. In this study, eight types of surface-modified nanoparticles were investigated, namely, Fe3O4@PAA (PAA = polyacrylic acid; Mw of PAA = 5100 amu and 15,000 amu), Fe3O4@PAA-FA (FA = folic acid; Mw of PAA = 5100 amu and 15,000 amu), Fe3O4@PEI-fluorescein (PEI = polyethylenimine; Mw of PEI = 1300 amu), Fe@Fe3O4@PEI (Mw of PEI = 10,000 amu), Fe3O4@SiO2 and Fe@Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles. We characterized the prepared surface-modified nanoparticles using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) absorption spectroscopy, a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and confocal microscopy. Finally, we measured the cytotoxicity of the samples. The results indicate that the surface-modified nanoparticles are biocompatible and are potential candidates for various biomedical applications.

  2. Fe3O4 nanowire arrays synthesized in AAO templates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xue, D. S.; Zhang, L. Y.; Gui, A. B.; Xu, X. F.

    2005-02-01

    Fe3O4 nanowire arrays with an average diameter of about 120 nm and lengths up to 8 μm were synthesized in anodic aluminum oxide templates through electrodepositing and heat treating a precursor β-FeOOH. The nanowires have a polycrystalline spinel structure with a=8.31 Å and each nanowire is composed of fine particles. Influences of the sintering and the reducing temperatures on the products have been demonstrated by Mössbauer spectra and X-ray diffraction. It was found that high-coercivity nanowires can be obtained when the precursor was sintered at 500 °C in air and then reduced at 325 °C in H2. Hysteresis loops measured at room temperature show a clear perpendicular magnetic anisotropy.

  3. In situ preparation of monodispersed Ag/polyaniline/Fe3O4 nanoparticles via heterogeneous nucleation

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Acrylic acid and styrene were polymerized onto monodispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles using a grafting copolymerization method. Aniline molecules were then bonded onto the Fe3O4 nanoparticles by electrostatic self-assembly and further polymerized to obtain uniform polyaniline/Fe3O4 (PANI/Fe3O4) nanoparticles (approximately 35 nm). Finally, monodispersed Ag/PANI/Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by an in situ reduction reaction between emeraldine PANI and silver nitrate. Fourier transform infrared and UV-visible spectrometers and a transmission electron microscope were used to characterize both the chemical structure and the morphology of the resulting nanoparticles. PMID:23819820

  4. Electrochemical sensing behaviour of Ni doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suresh, R.; Giribabu, K.; Manigandan, R.; Vijayalakshmi, L.; Stephen, A.; Narayanan, V.

    2014-01-01

    Ni doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by simple hydrothermal method. The prepared nanomaterials were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis, DRS-UV-Visible spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The XRD confirms the phase purity of the synthesized Ni doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The optical property of Ni doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were studied by DRS UV-Visible analysis. The electrochemical sensing property of pure and Ni doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were examined using uric acid as an analyte. The obtained results indicated that the Ni doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibited higher electrocatalytic activity towards uric acid.

  5. Effect of silica shell thickness of Fe3O4-SiOx core-shell nanostructures on MRI contrast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joshi, Hrushikesh M.; De, Mrinmoy; Richter, Felix; He, Jiaqing; Prasad, P. V.; Dravid, Vinayak P.

    2013-03-01

    Core-shell magnetic nanostructures (MNS) such as Fe3O4-SiOx, are being explored for their potential applications in biomedicine, such as a T2 (dark) contrast enhancement agent in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Herein, we present the effect of silica shell thickness on its r 2 relaxivity in MRI as it relates to other physical parameters. In this effort initially, monodispersed Fe3O4 MNS (nominally 9 nm size) were synthesized in organic phase via a simple chemical decomposition method. To study effect of shell thickness of silica of Fe3O4-SiOx core shell on r 2 relaxivity, the reverse micro-emulsion process was used to form silica coating of 5, 10 and 13 nm of silica shell around the MNS, while polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane was used to form very thin layer on the surface of MNS; synthesized nanostructures were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high resolution TEM (HRTEM), superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry and MRI. Our observation suggests that, with increase in thickness of silica shell in Fe3O4-SiOx core-shell nanostructure, r 2 relaxivity decreases. The decrease in relaxivity could be attributed to increased distance between water molecules and magnetic core followed by change in the difference in Larmor frequencies (Δ ω) of water molecules. These results provide a rational basis for optimization of SiOx-coated MNS for biomedical applications.

  6. Rapid extraction of uranium from sea water using Fe3O4 and humic acid coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Singhal, Pallavi; Jha, Sanjay K; Pandey, Shailaja P; Neogy, Suman

    2017-08-05

    Uranium is one of the most toxic elements present in the environment and a number of methods have been developed for its extraction. Herein we have demonstrated a new method using magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) that can be used for uranium extraction from water and sea water matrix. Fe3O4 and humic acid (HA) coated Fe3O4 NPs with different amount of HA coating were synthesized and uranium sorption from water and sea water matrix was demonstrated. It was observed that sorption increases with increase in amount of HA coating. NPs settlement in presence of magnetic field was monitored where only bare Fe3O4 and Fe3O4/HA 1 NPs settles while no settlement was observed for Fe3O4/HA 2 and Fe3O4/HA 3 NPs. Considering both sorption and particle separation from the matrix Fe3O4/HA 1 NPs are the best among synthesized ones with maximum sorption capacity of 10.5mg of U/g of NPs. The results presented here reveal the exceptional potential of magnetic NPs and functionalized magnetic NPs for environmental remediation of uranium and to extract uranium from sea water on which to the best of our knowledge no report is available till now. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Biocompatible polyurethane/thiacalix[4]arenes functionalized Fe3O4 magnetic nanocomposites: Synthesis and properties.

    PubMed

    Mohammadi, Abbas; Barikani, Mehdi; Lakouraj, Moslem Mansour

    2016-09-01

    In this study, a series of magnetic polyurethane/Fe3O4 elastomer nanocomposites were prepared by covalently embedding novel thiacalix[4]arenes (TC4As) functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles (TC4As-Fe3O4) which contain macrocycles with reactive hydroxyl groups. Surface functionalization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with TC4As macrocycles as unique reactive surface modifier not only gives specific characteristics to Fe3O4 nanoparticles but also improves the interphase interaction between nanoparticles and the polyurethane matrices through covalent attachment of polymer chains to nanoparticle surfaces. The novel synthesized TC4As-Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by FTIR, XRD, TGA, VSM and SEM analysis. Furthermore, the effect of functionalization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on the various properties of resulting nanocomposites was studied by XRD, TGA, DMTA, SEM, and a universal tensile tester. It was found that the functionalization of nanoparticles with TC4As affords better mechanical and thermal properties to polyurethane nanocomposites in comparison with unmodified nanoparticles. The SEM analysis showed finer dispersion of TC4As-Fe3O4 nanoparticles than unmodified Fe3O4 nanoparticles within the polyurethane matrices, which arising from formation of covalent bonding between TC4As functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles and polyurethane matrices. Moreover, the investigation of in vitro biocompatibility of novel nanocomposites showed that these samples are excellent candidate for biomedical use. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Effect of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles on Skin Tumor Cells and Dermal Fibroblasts

    PubMed Central

    Alili, Lirija; Chapiro, Swetlana; Marten, Gernot U.; Schmidt, Annette M.; Zanger, Klaus; Brenneisen, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles have been used in many biomedical approaches. The toxicity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on mammalian cells was published recently. Though, little is known about the viability of human cells after treatment with Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Herein, we examined the toxicity, production of reactive oxygen species, and invasive capacity after treatment of human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) and cells of the squamous tumor cell line (SCL-1) with Fe3O4 nanoparticles. These nanoparticles had an average size of 65 nm. Fe3O4 nanoparticles induced oxidative stress via generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and subsequent initiation of lipid peroxidation. Furthermore, the question was addressed of whether Fe3O4 nanoparticles affect myofibroblast formation, known to be involved in tumor invasion. Herein, Fe3O4 nanoparticles prevent the expression alpha-smooth muscle actin and therefore decrease the number of myofibroblastic cells. Moreover, our data show in vitro that concentrations of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, which are nontoxic for normal cells, partially reveal a ROS-triggered cytotoxic but also a pro-invasive effect on the fraction of squamous cancer cells surviving the treatment with Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The data herein show that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles appear not to be adequate for use in therapeutic approaches against cancer cells, in contrast to recently published data with cerium oxide nanoparticles. PMID:26090418

  9. Synthesis and characterization of functionalized silica-coated Fe3O4 superparamagnetic nanocrystals for biological applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Y. P.; Wang, S. Q.; Li, C. R.; Miao, Y. M.; Wu, Z. Y.; Zou, B. S.

    2005-05-01

    Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanocrystals were prepared by a chemical coprecipitation method with a thin thickness-adjustable silica layer coated on the surface by hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate. The silica-coated Fe3O4 nanocrystals were well dispersed and consisted of a 6-7 nm diameter magnetic core and a silica shell about 2 nm thick, according to transmission electron microscopy observations. Fourier transform infrared spectra revealed that amino (-NH2) groups were successfully covalently bonded to the silica-coated Fe3O4 and then carboxyl (-COOH) groups were functionalized to the surface through the reaction of -NH2 and glutaric anhydride. The synthesized nanocrystals have a cubic spinel structure as characterized by x-ray diffraction, electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Their magnetic properties were carefully investigated by a SQUID magnetometer. The results showed that the nanocrystals were superparamagnetic and the blocking temperature TB shifted from 131 K down to 92 K after they were coated with a thin nonmagnetic layer, since this layer can effectively suppress the magnetic dipolar interaction between particles; the chemically inert silica layer can limit the outside environment effect on the Fe3O4 cores quite well due to the excellent magnetic reproducibility of the coated nanocrystals after ageing for 7 months at room temperature. In addition, the dependence of their high-field specific magnetization on temperature has a T2 relationship. These functionalized silica-coated Fe3O4 superparamagnetic nanocrystals have great potential in biomagnetic applications.

  10. Multifunctional Fe3O4@Polydopamine Core–Shell Nanocomposites for Intracellular mRNA Detection and Imaging-Guided Photothermal Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Li-Sen; Cong, Zhong-Xiao; Cao, Jian-Bo; Ke, Kai-Mei; Peng, Qiao-Li; Gao, Jinhao; Yang, Huang-Hao; Liu, Gang; Chen, Xiaoyuan

    2015-01-01

    Multifunctional nanocomposites have the potential to integrate sensing, diagnostic, and therapeutic functions into a single nanostructure. Herein, we synthesize Fe3O4@polydopamine core–shell nanocomposites (Fe3O4@PDA NCs) through an in situ self-polymerization method. Dopamine, a melanin-like mimic of mussel adhesive proteins, can self-polymerize to form surface-adherent polydopamine (PDA) films onto a wide range of materials including Fe3O4 nanoparticles used here. In such nanocomposites, PDA provides a number of advantages, such as near-infrared absorption, high fluorescence quenching efficiency, and a surface for further functionalization with biomolecules. We demonstrate the ability of the Fe3O4@PDA NCs to act as theranostic agents for intracellular mRNA detection and multimodal imaging-guided photothermal therapy. This work would stimulate interest in the use of PDA as a useful material to construct multifunctional nanocomposites for biomedical applications. PMID:24654734

  11. Synthesis of flexible Fe3O4/C nanofibers with buffering volume expansion performance and their application in lithium-ion batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Qianhui; Zhao, Rongfang; Zhang, Xiue; Li, Wenlong; Xu, Renhua; Diao, Guowang; Chen, Ming

    2017-08-01

    Freestanding binder-free electrodes, as a new generation of electrode material, can effectively improve the energy density of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). In this paper, novel structured Fe3O4/C composite nanofibers are successful synthesized by a simple electrospinning method followed by a thermal treatment process. The composite nanofibers have the unique internal voids between Fe3O4 nanoparticles and carbon matrix. The Fe3O4/C nanofibers film with good flexibility and excellent electrical conductivity can be directly used to fabricate half-cell without any current collector, binder and additional conductive agent. As anode material for LIBs, the Fe3O4/C composite nanofibers deliver high reversible capacity (762 mA h g-1 at 0.5 A g-1 after 300 cycles). The results show that the internal voids in flexible Fe3O4/C composite nanofibers effectively buffer volume expansion of Fe3O4 in lithium ion intercalation/deintercalation process and avoid the fracture of the nanofibers, which retain the structural integrity and improve the cycling stability of electrode. Therefore, the design and synthesis strategy of flexible nanofibers film are prospective for applications in next-generation flexible LIBs.

  12. Synthesis and characterization of "mulberry"-like Fe3O4/multiwalled carbon nanotube nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Hao-Jie; Li, Na; Jing, Xiaojing; Yang, Xiaofei; Tang, Hua

    2011-10-01

    Nanocomposites composed of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) and Fe3O4 nanoparticles were fabricated using solvothermal method. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray powder diffraction measurements confirmed that these mulberry-like Fe3O4 microparticles which were combined with the MWNTs in a random pattern are constructed with tiny nanocrystallites (12 nm in average diameter). The magnetic properties of the Fe3O4/MWNTs nanocomposites were measured using a vibrating sample magnetometer. Results showed that the Fe3O4/MWNTs nanocomposites exhibited superparamagnetism at room temperature and possessed a lower saturation magnetization (around 27.6 emu/g) than that of the pure Fe3O4 nanoparticles (around 33.7 emu/g). The Fe3O4/MWNTs nanocomposites have potential applications in engineering and medicine.

  13. A moderate method for preparation DMSA coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, L. N.; Gu, N.; Zhang, Y.

    2017-01-01

    A moderate way to prepare water soluble magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles has been developed. Firstly, oleic acid coated Fe3O4 is prepared by coprecipitation. Second, oleic acid were replaced by 2,3-dimercaptosuccinnic acid (DMSA) to prepare DMSA/Fe3O4 in the mixed solution of n-hexane and acetone. After dialysis and filtration the DMSA/Fe3O4 can be transferred into distilled water to form stable Fe3O4 nanoparticle solutions. The TEM images indicated that the particles had spherical shape and the nanoparticles were found to be 12 nm with a relatively narrow size distribution with the hydrodynamic size of 30 nm. And the result of VSM shows that DMSA/Fe3O4 nanoparticles have a saturation magnetization of 31 emu/g. The IR spectra indicated that the iron oxide was located by carboxyl matrix.

  14. Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 particles formed by oxidation of pyrite heated in an anoxic atmosphere

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Thorpe, A.N.; Senftle, F.E.; Talley, R.; Hetherington, S.; Dulong, F.

    1990-01-01

    As a follow-up to previous gas analysis experiments in which pyrite was heated to 681 K in an anoxic (oxygen starved) atmosphere, the first oxidation product, FeSO4, was studied as a bulk material. No decomposition of FeSO4 to Fe3O4 was observed in the temperature range studied. The lack of decomposition of bulk FeSO4 to Fe3O4 suggests that FeS2 oxidizes directly to Fe3O4, or that FeSO4, FeS2 and O2 react together to form Fe3O4. Magnetic susceptibility and magnetization measurements, along with magnetic hysteresis curves, show that small particles of Fe3O4 form on the pyrite surface, rather than a continuous layer of bulk Fe3O4. A working model describing the oxidation steps is presented. ?? 1990.

  15. Stability and capping of magnetite ultra-thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fleischer, K.; Mauit, O.; Shvets, I. V.

    2014-05-01

    Ultrathin films of Fe3O4 have been grown epitaxially on nearly lattice matched MgO(001). The stability of 4 nm thick films in ambient air and under annealing in an oxygen atmosphere at 200 °C has been studied. By magneto optical and Raman measurements, we can confirm the presence of the Fe3O4 phase and the formation of a maghemite top layer passivating the Fe3O4 thin film. In a second step, we are able to demonstrate that this top layer oxidation in ambient air can be prevented by a 2 nm thick magnesium ferrite passivation layer, while a thicker 20 nm MgO layer prevents oxidation even at elevated temperatures.

  16. Influence of carbon nanotubes support on the morphology of Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zabihi, F.; Taleshi, F.; Salmani, A.; Pahlavan, A.; Dehghan-niarostami, N.; Vadadi, M. M.

    2015-03-01

    In this paper, the effects of carbon nanotubes as a support to the morphology and size of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles have been investigated. The synthesis of Fe3O4/CNTs nanocomposite powder was performed by the direct precipitation method through ferric chloride (II) and (III) at room temperature. The prepared samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The results demonstrated considerable changes in the Fe3O4 nanoparticle size, also the morphology of Fe3O4/CNTs nanocomposite powder from agglomerative into rode shape.

  17. Synthesis of montmorillonite/Fe3O4-OTAB composite capable of using as anisotropic nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Hua; Li, Yingjun; Wang, Shanqiang; Zhou, Yuanlin

    2017-04-01

    The high hydrophobic magnetic montmorillonite (MMT) nanoparticles were synthesized in two solvents (deionized water and ethanol) by using octadecyl trimethylammonium bromide (OTAB) as intercalating agent and Fe3O4 as magnetic nanoparticles. The obtained samples were characterized by FTIR, XRD, EDS, SEM, VSM. When Fe3O4 was loaded before OTAB on MMT, the sample prepared in deionized water exhibited better adsorption than that prepared in ethanol. The order of Fe3O4 and CTAB introduction had great effect on the hydrophobicity, magnetism, and adsorption. Compared with OTAB-MMT-Fe3O4, Fe3O4-MMT-OTAB possessed higher hydrophobicity and higher magnetic response. The contact angle of Fe3O4-MMT-OTAB could reach 84.80° and Fe3O4-MMT-OTAB possessed higher Ms (9.25 emu/g) than OTAB-MMT-Fe3O4 (6.72 emu/g) dose. Fe3O4-MMT-OTAB will become a promising candidate of anisotropic nano-filled powder in polymers by using low magnetic field to obtain the orientation, based on its above excellent properties.

  18. Synthesis, characterization and magnetorheological study of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Guangshuo; Ma, Yingying; Tong, Yu; Dong, Xufeng

    2016-03-01

    In this study, monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized successfully using a sonochemical method in the presence of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). The morphology, microstructure and magnetic properties of the bare Fe3O4 and APTES-coated Fe3O4 were investigated in detail by TEM, XRD, FTIR and SQUID. It was found that APTES-coated Fe3O4 showed relatively good dispersion with a narrow size distribution of 8.4 ± 2.1 nm diameter. The functionalization of Fe3O4 was proved to be covalent linking between Fe3O4 and APTES. The field-dependent magnetization curve indicated superparamagnetic behavior of Fe3O4-APTES with a saturation magnetization (M s) of 70.5 emu g-1 at room temperature. A magnetorheological (MR) fluid was prepared using the obtained Fe3O4-APTES nanoparticles with 25 wt% particles, and its MR properties were tested using a Physica MCR301 rheometer fitted with an MRmodule. The results showed that the as-prepared APTES-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticle-based MR fluid exhibited typical MR effects, with increasing viscosity, shear stress and yield stress depending on the applied magnetic field strength.

  19. 99mTc radiolabelling of Fe3O4-Au core-shell and Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell-like nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Felber, M.; Alberto, R.

    2015-04-01

    The development of nanoparticle-based dual-modality probes for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) or single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is increasingly growing in importance. One of the most commonly used radionuclides for clinical SPECT imaging is 99mTc and the labelling of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with 99mTc was shown to be a successful strategy to obtain dual-modality imaging agents. In this work, we focus on gold containing magnetic nanomaterials. The radiolabelling of magnetic Fe3O4-Au core-shell and Fe3O4-Au dumbbell-like nanoparticles with the [99mTc(CO)3]+ fragment is described. The key elements for this 99mTc labelling approach are novel coating ligands, consisting of an anchor for the Au surface, a polyethylene glycol linker and a strong chelator for the [99mTc(CO)3]+ moiety.The development of nanoparticle-based dual-modality probes for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) or single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is increasingly growing in importance. One of the most commonly used radionuclides for clinical SPECT imaging is 99mTc and the labelling of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with 99mTc was shown to be a successful strategy to obtain dual-modality imaging agents. In this work, we focus on gold containing magnetic nanomaterials. The radiolabelling of magnetic Fe3O4-Au core-shell and Fe3O4-Au dumbbell-like nanoparticles with the [99mTc(CO)3]+ fragment is described. The key elements for this 99mTc labelling approach are novel coating ligands, consisting of an anchor for the Au surface, a polyethylene glycol linker and a strong chelator for the [99mTc(CO)3]+ moiety. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Analyses of Fe3O4-Au core-shell nanoparticles; analyses of Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell-like nanoparticles; 99mTc labelling of Fe3O4-Au core-shell nanoparticles; 99mTc complexes; 99mTc labelling of Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell-like nanoparticles; syntheses coating ligands. See

  20. Resonant photoemission and X-ray absorption spectroscopies of lithiated magnetite thin film

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsuchiya, Takashi; Kawamura, Kinya; Namiki, Wataru; Furuichi, Shoto; Takayanagi, Makoto; Minohara, Makoto; Kobayashi, Masaki; Horiba, Koji; Kumigashira, Hiroshi; Terabe, Kazuya; Higuchi, Tohru

    2017-04-01

    Resonant photoemission spectroscopy (RPES) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) were used to investigate the effect of lithiation on the electronic structure of Fe3O4 thin film relevant to the operation mechanism of nanoionic devices to enable magnetic property tuning. Comparison of the Fe 2p XAS spectrum for lithiated Fe3O4 (Li-Fe3O4) with that for pristine Fe3O4 clearly demonstrated that the number of Fe2+ ions at octahedral B sites is increased by lithiation. The valence band RPES spectra of Li-Fe3O4 further showed that lithiation increases the density of states near the Fermi level originating Fe2+ ions at octahedral B sites. These findings agree well with the observed decrease in the saturation magnetization in the magnetization-magnetic field (M-H) loop of Li-Fe3O4 thin film, indicating that minority spins (down spins) increase (i.e., total spins decrease) due to lithiation. The variation in the number of Fe2+ ions at B sites is suggested to be an underlying operating mechanism of a nanoionics-based magnetic property tuning device.

  1. Magnetite (Fe3O4)-filled carbon nanofibers as electro-conducting/superparamagnetic nanohybrids and their multifunctional polymer composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Das, Arindam; Raffi, Muhammad; Megaridis, Constantine; Fragouli, Despina; Innocenti, Claudia; Athanassiou, Athanassia

    2015-01-01

    A mild-temperature, nonchemical technique is used to produce a nanohybrid multifunctional (electro-conducting and magnetic) powder material by intercalating iron oxide nanoparticles in large aspect ratio, open-ended, hollow-core carbon nanofibers (CNFs). Single-crystal, superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (10 nm average diameter) filled the CNF internal cavity (diameter <100 nm) after successive steps starting with dispersion of CNFs and magnetite nanoparticles in aqueous or organic solvents, sequencing or combining sonication-assisted capillary imbibition and concentration-driven diffusion, and finally drying at mild temperatures. The influence of several process parameters—such as sonication type and duration, concentration of solids dispersed in solvent, CNF-to-nanoparticle mass ratio, and drying temperature—on intercalation efficiency (evaluated in terms of particle packing in the CNF cavity) was studied using electron microscopy. The magnetic CNF powder was used as a low-concentration filler in poly(methyl methacrylate) to demonstrate thin free-standing polymer films with simultaneous magnetic and electro-conducting properties. Such films could be implemented in sensors, optoelectromagnetic devices, or electromagnetic interference shields.

  2. Magnetite Fe3O4 nanoparticles synthesis by wet chemical reduction and their characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chaki, S. H.; Malek, Tasmira J.; Chaudhary, M. D.; Tailor, J. P.; Deshpande, M. P.

    2015-09-01

    The authors report the synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles by wet chemical reduction technique at ambient temperature and its characterization. Ferric chloride hexa-hydrate (FeCl3 · 6H2O) and sodium boro-hydrate (NaBH4) were used for synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles at ambient temperature. The elemental composition of the synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles was determined by energy dispersive analysis of x-rays technique. The x-ray diffraction (XRD) technique was used for structural characterization of the nanoparticles. The crystallite size of the nanoparticles was determined using XRD data employing Scherrer’s formula and Hall-Williamson’s plot. Surface morphology of as-synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles was studied by scanning electron microscopy. High resolution transmission electron microscopy analysis of the as-synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles showed narrow range of particles size distribution. The optical absorption of the synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles was studied by UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy. The as-synthesized nanoparticles were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy technique for absorption band study in the infrared region. The magnetic properties of the as-synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles were evaluated by vibrating sample magnetometer technique. The thermal stability of the as-synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles was studied by thermogravimetric technique. The obtained results are elaborated and discussed in details in this paper.

  3. Shape and Size-Dependent Magnetic Properties of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Synthesized Using Piperidine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Ashwani Kumar; Srivastava, O. N.; Singh, Kedar

    2017-04-01

    In this article, we proposed a facile one-step synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles of different shapes and sizes by co-precipitation of FeCl2 with piperidine. A careful investigation of TEM micrographs shows that the shape and size of nanoparticles can be tuned by varying the molarity of piperidine. XRD patterns match the standard phase of the spinal structure of Fe3O4 which confirms the formation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy reveals that molar concentration of FeCl2 solution plays a significant role in determining the shape and size of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Changes in the shape and sizes of Fe3O4 nanoparticles which are influenced by the molar concentration of FeCl2 can easily be explained with the help of surface free energy minimization principle. Further, to study the magnetic behavior of synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles, magnetization vs. magnetic field (M-H) and magnetization vs. temperature (M-T) measurements were carried out by using Physical Property Measurement System (PPMS). These results show systematic changes in various magnetic parameters like remanent magnetization (Mr), saturation magnetization (Ms), coercivity (Hc), and blocking temperature ( T B) with shapes and sizes of Fe3O4. These variations of magnetic properties of different shaped Fe3O4 nanoparticles can be explained with surface effect and finite size effect.

  4. Synthesis of Al2O3-Coated Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Thermomagnetic Processing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    ARL-TN-0720 ● DEC 2015 US Army Research Laboratory Synthesis of Al2O3-Coated Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Thermomagnetic Processing...Laboratory Synthesis of Al2O3-Coated Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Thermomagnetic Processing by Victoria L Blair Weapons and Materials Research...

  5. Synthesis and adsorption properties of hierarchical Fe3O4@MgAl-LDH magnetic microspheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Xiaoge; Li, Bo; Wen, Xiaogang

    2017-04-01

    In this study, Fe3O4 microspheres were prepared by a hydrothermal method, and then the synthesized Fe3O4 microspheres were used as template to prepare Fe3O4@MgAl-LDH composite microspheres by a coprecipitation process. Morphology, composition, and crystal structure of synthesized nanomaterials were characterized by X-ray powder diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy technologies. The composite hierarchical microspheres are composed of inner Fe3O4 core and outer MgAl-LDH-nanoflake layer, and the average thickness of MgAl-LDH-nanoflake is about 70 nm. The adsorption property of the products toward congo red was also measured using UV-vis spectrometer. The result demonstrated that the Fe3O4@MgAl-LDH composite adsorbent could remove 99.8% congo red in 30 min, and the maximum adsorption capacity is about 404.6 mg/g, while congo red removal rate of pure MgAl-LDH and Fe3O4 are only 86.3 and 53.1% in 40 min, respectively, and their adsorption capacity are 345.72 and 220.56 mg/g, respectively. It indicates the composite Fe3O4@ MgAl-LDH nanomaterials have better adsorption performance than pure Fe3O4 and MgAl-LDH nanomaterials. In addition, the magnetic nanocomposites could be separated easily, and it demonstrated good cycle performance.

  6. Preparation of CNC-dispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles and their application in conductive paper.

    PubMed

    Liu, Kai; Nasrallah, Joseph; Chen, Lihui; Huang, Liulian; Ni, Yonghao

    2015-08-01

    Well-dispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by a co-precipitation method in the presence of cellulose nano-crystals (CNC) as the template. The thus prepared Fe3O4 NPs were then used as a coating agent for the preparation of conductive paper. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results revealed that the Fe3O4 NPs were immobilized on the CNC through interactions between the hydroxyl groups of CNC and Fe3O4. Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) images showed that the Fe3O4 NPs prepared in the presence of CNC can be dispersed in the CNC network, while the Fe3O4 NPs prepared in the absence of CNC tended to aggregate in aqueous solutions. The conductivity of the Fe3O4 NPs coated paper can reach to 0.0269 S/m at the coating amount of 14.75 g/m(2) Fe3O4/CNC nanocomposites. Therefore, the thus obtained coated paper can be potentially used as anti-static packaging material in the packaging field. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Size dependent structural and magnetic properties of FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lak, Aidin; Kraken, Mathias; Ludwig, Frank; Kornowski, Andreas; Eberbeck, Dietmar; Sievers, Sibylle; Litterst, F. J.; Weller, Horst; Schilling, Meinhard

    2013-11-01

    The magnetic properties of monodisperse FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles with different mean sizes and volume fractions of FeO synthesized via decomposition of iron oleate were correlated to their crystallographic and phase compositional features by exploiting high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy and field and zero field cooled magnetization measurements. A model describing the phase transformation from a pure Fe3O4 phase to a mixture of Fe3O4, FeO and interfacial FeO-Fe3O4 phases as the particle size increases was established. The reduced magnetic moment in FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles was attributed to the presence of differently oriented Fe3O4 crystalline domains in the outer layers and paramagnetic FeO phase. The exchange bias energy, dominating magnetization reversal mechanism and superparamagnetic blocking temperature in FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles depend strongly on the relative volume fractions of FeO and the interfacial phase.The magnetic properties of monodisperse FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles with different mean sizes and volume fractions of FeO synthesized via decomposition of iron oleate were correlated to their crystallographic and phase compositional features by exploiting high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy and field and zero field cooled magnetization measurements. A model describing the phase transformation from a pure Fe3O4 phase to a mixture of Fe3O4, FeO and interfacial FeO-Fe3O4 phases as the particle size increases was established. The reduced magnetic moment in FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles was attributed to the presence of differently oriented Fe3O4 crystalline domains in the outer layers and paramagnetic FeO phase. The exchange bias energy, dominating magnetization reversal mechanism and superparamagnetic blocking temperature in FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles depend strongly on the relative volume fractions of FeO and the interfacial phase. Electronic supplementary

  8. Spectroscopic characterization of magnetic Fe3O4@Au core shell nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Fouad, Dina M; El-Said, Waleed A; Mohamed, Mona B

    2015-04-05

    The magnetic nanoparticles iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and iron oxide/gold core-shell (Fe3O4/Au) nanoparticles were synthesized and their catalytic photo-degradation activity towards malathion as example of organophosphorus pesticides were reported. Iron oxide (Fe3O4) magnetic nanoparticle was successfully prepared through co-precipitation method by the reduction of ferric chloride (FeCl3) using ascorbic acid. The morphology of the prepared nanoparticles was characterized by the TEM and XRD (X-ray diffraction) techniques. Degradation of 10 ppm of malathion in the presence of these nanoparticles under UV radiation was monitored using (HPLC) and UV-visible spectra. Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles showed higher efficiency in photo-degradation of malathion than Fe3O4 ones. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Spectroscopic characterization of magnetic Fe3O4@Au core shell nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fouad, Dina M.; El-Said, Waleed A.; Mohamed, Mona B.

    2015-04-01

    The magnetic nanoparticles iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and iron oxide/gold core-shell (Fe3O4/Au) nanoparticles were synthesized and their catalytic photo-degradation activity towards malathion as example of organophosphorus pesticides were reported. Iron oxide (Fe3O4) magnetic nanoparticle was successfully prepared through co-precipitation method by the reduction of ferric chloride (FeCl3) using ascorbic acid. The morphology of the prepared nanoparticles was characterized by the TEM and XRD (X-ray diffraction) techniques. Degradation of 10 ppm of malathion in the presence of these nanoparticles under UV radiation was monitored using (HPLC) and UV-visible spectra. Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles showed higher efficiency in photo-degradation of malathion than Fe3O4 ones.

  10. Preparation and cell response of bio-mineralized Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Yin, Guangfu; Huang, Zhongbing; Deng, Min; Zeng, Jingwen; Gu, Jianwen

    2011-11-01

    Silk fibroin (SF)-coated Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs) with good superparamagnetism were successfully prepared via a bio-mineralization process at room temperature. Two cell tests revealed that mineralized SF-coated Fe(3)O(4) NPs presented good cytocompatibility for L929 and osteoblast cells and higher cell density after 5 d with high concentrations of SF-coated Fe(3)O(4) NPs (up to 0.5 mg/mL). These resulted from SF surface coating on NPs, nano-surface morphology and iron ion release of Fe(3)O(4) NPs. The mineralized SF-coated Fe(3)O(4) NPs could be envisioned for various bone orthopedic and therapeutic applications, in which SF-coated NPs location is controlled through an external magnetic field to promoted bone growth.

  11. Hydrothermal synthesis of Cu-Fe3O4 nanocomposites towards catalytic degradation of organic dyes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Jishu; Sun, Xiaoxia; Zhao, Ruiyang; Gao, Hongtao; Wang, Lei

    2017-07-01

    Degradation of hazardous organic dyes utilizing multifunctional catalytic materials is supposed to be an efficient and promising method. Here, homogeneous Cu-Fe3O4 nanocomposites are synthesized through a facile and versatile one-pot hydrothermal method. The prepared Cu-Fe3O4 possesses spherical structure with rough surface and average diameter of 230 nm. High catalytic activity and structure stability make Cu-Fe3O4 nanocomposites effectively degrade rhodamine B, methylene blue, methyl orange, and congo red. The existence of magnetic Fe3O4 leads the nanocomposites to separate from the solution through external magnet and reuse for cycle degradation. And during the cyclic utilization, Cu-Fe3O4 nanocomposites keep high catalytic activity and, thus, could be used as an efficient degradation catalyst for the application of organic dyes.

  12. Atomic-scale structure and properties of highly stable antiphase boundary defects in Fe3O4

    PubMed Central

    McKenna, Keith P.; Hofer, Florian; Gilks, Daniel; Lazarov, Vlado K.; Chen, Chunlin; Wang, Zhongchang; Ikuhara, Yuichi

    2014-01-01

    The complex and intriguing properties of the ferrimagnetic half metal magnetite (Fe3O4) are of continuing fundamental interest as well as being important for practical applications in spintronics, magnetism, catalysis and medicine. There is considerable speculation concerning the role of the ubiquitous antiphase boundary (APB) defects in magnetite, however, direct information on their structure and properties has remained challenging to obtain. Here we combine predictive first principles modelling with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy to unambiguously determine the three-dimensional structure of APBs in magnetite. We demonstrate that APB defects on the {110} planes are unusually stable and induce antiferromagnetic coupling between adjacent domains providing an explanation for the magnetoresistance and reduced spin polarization often observed. We also demonstrate how the high stability of the {110} APB defects is connected to the existence of a metastable bulk phase of Fe3O4, which could be stabilized by strain in films or nanostructures. PMID:25494005

  13. Magnetic biodegradable Fe3O4/CS/PVA nanofibrous membranes for bone regeneration.

    PubMed

    Wei, Yan; Zhang, Xuehui; Song, Yu; Han, Bing; Hu, Xiaoyang; Wang, Xinzhi; Lin, Yuanhua; Deng, Xuliang

    2011-10-01

    In recent years, interest in magnetic biomimetic scaffolds for tissue engineering has increased considerably. The aim of this study is to develop magnetic biodegradable fibrous materials with potential use in bone regeneration. Magnetic biodegradable Fe(3)O(4)/chitosan (CS)/poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibrous membranes were achieved by electrospinning with average fiber diameters ranging from 230 to 380 nm and porosity of 83.9-85.1%. The influences of polymer concentration, applied voltage and Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles loading on the fabrication of nanofibers were investigated. The polymer concentration of 4.5 wt%, applied voltage of 20 kV and Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles loading of lower than 5 wt% could produce homogeneous, smooth and continuous Fe(3)O(4)/CS/PVA nanofibrous membranes. X-ray diffraction (XRD) data confirmed that the crystalline structure of the Fe(3)O(4), CS and PVA were maintained during electrospinning process. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) demonstrated that the Fe(3)O(4) loading up to 5 wt% did not change the functional groups of CS/PVA greatly. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed islets of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles evenly distributed in the fibers. Weak ferrimagnetic behaviors of membranes were revealed by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) test. Tensile test exhibited Young's modulus of membranes that were gradually enhanced with the increase of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles loading, while ultimate tensile stress and ultimate strain were slightly reduced by Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles loading of 5%. Additionally, MG63 human osteoblast-like cells were seeded on the magnetic nanofibrous membranes to evaluate their bone biocompatibility. Cell growth dynamics according to MTT assay and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation exhibited good cell adhesion and proliferation, suggesting that this magnetic biodegradable Fe(3)O(4)/CS/PVA nanofibrous membranes can be one of promising biomaterials for facilitation of osteogenesis.

  14. [Study on preparation of composite nano-scale Fe3O4 for phosphorus control].

    PubMed

    Li, Lei; Pan, Gang; Chen, Hao

    2010-03-01

    Composite nano-scale Fe3O4 particles were prepared in sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) solution by the oxidation deposition method. The adsorptions of phosphorus by micro-scale Fe3O4 and composite nano-scale Fe3O4 were investigated in water and soil, and the role of cellulase in the adsorption of composite nano-scale Fe3O4 was studied. Kinetic tests indicated that the equilibrium adsorption capacity of phosphorous on the composite nano-scale Fe3O4 (2.1 mg/g) was less than that of micro-scale Fe3O4 (3.2 mg/g). When cellulase was added to the solution of composite nano-scale Fe3O4 to degrade CMC, the removal rate of P by the nanoparticles (86%) was enhanced to the same level as the microparticles (90%). In the column tests, when the composite nano-scale Fe3O4 suspension was introduced in the downflow mode through the soil column, 72% of Fe3O4 penetrated through the soil bed under gravity. In contrast, the micro-scale Fe3O4 failed to pass through the soil column. The retention rate of P was 45% in the soil column when treated by the CMC-stabilized nanoparticles, in comparison with only 30% for the untreated soil column, however it could be improved to 74% in the soil column when treated by both the CMC-stabilized nanoparticles and cellulase, which degraded CMC after the nanoparticles were delivered into the soil.

  15. Fates of Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles in human mesenchymal stem cells assessed by synchrotron radiation-based techniques.

    PubMed

    Tian, Fei; Chen, Guangcun; Yi, Peiwei; Zhang, Jichao; Li, Aiguo; Zhang, Jing; Zheng, Lirong; Deng, Zongwu; Shi, Qin; Peng, Rui; Wang, Qiangbin

    2014-08-01

    Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) have been widely used as the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent in biomedical studies and clinical applications, with special interest recently in in vivo stem cell tracking. However, a full understanding of the fate of SPIOs in cells has not been achieved yet, which is particularly important for stem cells since any change of the microenvironment may disturb their propagation and differentiation behaviors. Herein, synchrotron radiation-based X-ray fluorescence (XRF) in combination with X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) were used to in situ reveal the fate of Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), in which the dynamic changes of their distribution and chemical speciation were precisely determined. The XAS analysis evidences that Fe3O4 NPs cultured with hMSCs are quite stable and almost keep their initial chemical form up to 14 days, which is contradictory to the previous report that Fe3O4 NPs were unstable in cell labeling assessed by using a simplified lysosomal model system. Coating with a SiO2 shell, Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs present higher stability in hMSCs without detectable changes of their chemical form. In addition, XRF analysis demonstrates that Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs can label hMSCs in a high efficiency manner and are solely distributed in cytoplasm during cell proliferation, making it an ideal probe for in vivo stem cell tracking. These findings with the help of synchrotron radiation-based XAS and XRF improve our understanding of the fate of SPIOs administered to hMSCs and will help the future design of SPIOs for safe and efficient stem cells tracking. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Synthesis and properties of Au-Fe3O4 heterostructured nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Sheng, Yang; Xue, Junmin

    2012-05-15

    Au-Fe(3)O(4) composite nanoparticles have received much research interest due to their promising biomedical applications. In this work, Au-Fe(3)O(4) composites with well-defined dimer-like nanostructure were synthesized via thermal decomposition route. The surfactant 1,2-hexandicandiol has proved to be critical for the formation of the Au-Fe(3)O(4) hetero-dimers. The hetero-dimers production yield could be significantly improved to be 90% when the 1,2-hexandicandiol concentration was optimized at 0.6 M. The obtained Au-Fe(3)O(4) hetero-dimers possess dual-functionalities of plasmon resonance and magnetization. Moreover, the Fe(3)O(4) domain of the hetero-dimers can be tuned readily by adjusting the molar ratio between Fe and Au sources. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that these Au-Fe(3)O(4) hetero-dimers could be further developed into star-like Au-Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles which showed plasmon absorption at NIR region. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Heterogeneous Fenton degradation of bisphenol A catalyzed by efficient adsorptive Fe3O4/GO nanocomposites.

    PubMed

    Hua, Zulin; Ma, Wenqiang; Bai, Xue; Feng, Ranran; Yu, Lu; Zhang, Xiaoyuan; Dai, Zhangyan

    2014-06-01

    A new method for the degradation of bisphenol A (BPA) in aqueous solution was developed. The oxidative degradation characteristics of BPA in a heterogeneous Fenton reaction catalyzed by Fe3O4/graphite oxide (GO) were studied. Transmission electron microscopic images showed that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were evenly distributed and were ∼6 nm in diameter. Experimental results suggested that BPA conversion was affected by several factors, such as the loading amount of Fe3O4/GO, pH, and initial H2O2 concentration. In the system with 1.0 g L(-1) of Fe3O4/GO and 20 mmol L(-1) of H2O2, almost 90% of BPA (20 mg L(-1)) was degraded within 6 h at pH 6.0. Based on the degradation products identified by GC-MS, the degradation pathways of BPA were proposed. In addition, the reused catalyst Fe3O4/GO still retained its catalytic activity after three cycles, indicating that Fe3O4/GO had good stability and reusability. These results demonstrated that the heterogeneous Fenton reaction catalyzed by Fe3O4/GO is a promising advanced oxidation technology for the treatment of wastewater containing BPA.

  18. Nanostructured Fe3O4@C as anode material for lithium-ion batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Zhipeng; Zhao, Hailei; Wang, Jie; Lv, Pengpeng; Zhang, Tianhou; Xia, Qing

    2014-02-01

    The active particle cracking and electrode pulverization of iron oxide anode material as a result of volume expansion during charge/discharge process cause poor reversibility and significant capacity fading in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Here, we demonstrate a facile solvothermal route to immobilize the Fe3O4 particles on the porous active carbon. The present method enables us to obtain nano-porous and mosaic structured Fe3O4@C spheres with an average size of ca. 100 nm. The porous active carbon plays an important role in the improvement of electrochemical properties of Fe3O4. It not only acts as a host for the deposition of Fe3O4 particles, but also provides void spaces for active Fe3O4 to buffer the volume expansion. The good contact between Fe3O4 and active carbon ensures the fast electron/Li-ion transport. As a result, the porous Fe3O4@C shows a high reversible specific capacity of ∼1000 mAh g-1, good cycle stability and excellent rate capability. Therefore, we believe that this composite is a potential candidate for anode material of high-energy lithium-ion battery.

  19. Rapid degradation of dyes in water by magnetic Fe(0)/Fe3O4/graphene composites.

    PubMed

    Chong, Shan; Zhang, Guangming; Tian, Huifang; Zhao, He

    2016-06-01

    Magnetic Fe(0)/Fe3O4/graphene has been successfully synthesized by a one-step reduction method and investigated in rapid degradation of dyes in this work. The material was characterized by N2 sorption-desorption, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), vibrating-sample magnetometer (VSM) measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results indicated that Fe(0)/Fe3O4/graphene had a layered structure with Fe crystals highly dispersed in the interlayers of graphene, which could enhance the mass transfer process between Fe(0)/Fe3O4/graphene and pollutants. Fe(0)/Fe3O4/graphene exhibited ferromagnetism and could be easily separated and re-dispersed for reuse in water. Typical dyes, such as Methyl Orange, Methylene Blue and Crystal Violet, could be decolorized by Fe(0)/Fe3O4/graphene rapidly. After 20min, the decolorization efficiencies of methyl orange, methylene blue and crystal violet were 94.78%, 91.60% and 89.07%, respectively. The reaction mechanism of Fe(0)/Fe3O4/graphene with dyes mainly included adsorption and enhanced reduction by the composite. Thus, Fe(0)/Fe3O4/graphene prepared by the one-step reduction method has excellent performance in removal of dyes in water.

  20. Fe3O4/carbon coated silicon ternary hybrid composite as supercapacitor electrodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oh, Ilgeun; Kim, Myeongjin; Kim, Jooheon

    2015-02-01

    In this study, Fe3O4/carbon-coated Si ternary hybrid composites were fabricated. A carbon layer was directly formed on the surface of Si by the thermal vapor deposition. The carbon-coating layer not only prevented the contact between Si and reactive electrolyte but also provided anchoring sites for the deposition of Fe3O4. Fe3O4 nanoparticles were deposited on the surface of carbon-coated Si by the hydrazine reducing method. The morphology and structure of Fe3O4 and carbon layer were characterized via X-ray diffractometry, field emission scanning electron microscopy, field emission transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analyses. These characterizations indicate that a carbon layer was fully coated on the Si particles, and Fe3O4 particles were homogeneously deposited on the carbon-coated Si particles. The Fe3O4/carbon-coated Si electrode exhibited enhanced electrochemical performance, attributed to the high conductivity and stability of carbon layer and pseudocapacitive reaction of Fe3O4. The proposed ternary-hybrid composites may be potentially useful for the fabrication of high-performance electrodes.

  1. Synthesis and Highly Photocatalytic Properties of Cu/Fe3O4 Nanospheres and Nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pan, Lu; Tian, Dong; Zhu, Qiyong

    2017-09-01

    Cu/Fe3O4 nanospheres and nanoparticles were synthesized by using a hydrothermal procedure. The as-prepared samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively. The TEM images showed that the morphologies of Cu/Fe3O4 composites could be tuned by adding different amounts of urea. The resultant Cu/Fe3O4 composites could be nanospheres with a mean size of 90 nm with the addition of 15 mmol of urea but nanoparticles with a mean size of about 15 nm by adding 30 mmol of urea. The possible formation mechanism of Cu/Fe3O4 nanospheres and nanoparticles were explained reasonably. The photocatalytic performances of Cu/Fe3O4 composites for degrading methyl blue under irradiation of visible light were investigated. The results demonstrated that Cu/Fe3O4 nanospheres exhibited higher photocatalytic activity than did nanoparticles as they had the same compositions. Additionally, the Cu/Fe3O4 composites with a high Cu content could exhibit higher photocatalytic performance.

  2. Synthesis and Highly Photocatalytic Properties of Cu/Fe3O4 Nanospheres and Nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pan, Lu; Tian, Dong; Zhu, Qiyong

    2017-07-01

    Cu/Fe3O4 nanospheres and nanoparticles were synthesized by using a hydrothermal procedure. The as-prepared samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively. The TEM images showed that the morphologies of Cu/Fe3O4 composites could be tuned by adding different amounts of urea. The resultant Cu/Fe3O4 composites could be nanospheres with a mean size of 90 nm with the addition of 15 mmol of urea but nanoparticles with a mean size of about 15 nm by adding 30 mmol of urea. The possible formation mechanism of Cu/Fe3O4 nanospheres and nanoparticles were explained reasonably. The photocatalytic performances of Cu/Fe3O4 composites for degrading methyl blue under irradiation of visible light were investigated. The results demonstrated that Cu/Fe3O4 nanospheres exhibited higher photocatalytic activity than did nanoparticles as they had the same compositions. Additionally, the Cu/Fe3O4 composites with a high Cu content could exhibit higher photocatalytic performance.

  3. Improving Pullulanase Catalysis via Reversible Immobilization on Modified Fe3O4@Polydopamine Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jianfeng; Liu, Zhongmei; Zhou, Zhemin

    2017-08-01

    To improve the catalysis of pullulanase from Anoxybacillus sp.WB42, Fe3O4@polydopamine nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA) were prepared and modified with functional groups for immobilization of pullulanases via covalent binding or ionic adsorption. Immobilized pullulanases had lower thermal stability than that of free pullulanase, whereas their catalysis depended on the surface characteristics of nanoparticles. As for covalent immobilization of pullulanases onto Fe3O4@PDA derivatives, the spacer grafted onto Fe3O4@PDA made the catalytic efficiency of pullulanase increase up to the equivalence of free enzyme but dramatically reduced the pullulanase thermostability. In contrast, pullulanases bounded ionically to Fe3O4@PDA derivatives had higher activity recovery and catalytic efficiency, and their catalytic behaviors varied with the modifier grafted onto Fe3O4@PDA. Among these immobilized pullulanases, ionic adsorption of pullulanase on Fe3O4@PDA-polyethyleneimine-glycidyltrimethylammonium gave a high-performance and durable catalyst, which displayed not only 1.5-fold increase in catalytic efficiency compared to free enzyme but also a significant improvement in operation stability with a half of initial activity after 27 consecutive cycles with a total reaction time of 13.5 h, and was reversible, making this nanoparticle reusable for immobilization.

  4. Preparation of MWCNT-Fe3O4 Nanocomposites from Iron Sand Using Sonochemical Route

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rahmawati, R.; Melati, A.; Taufiq, A.; Sunaryono; Diantoro, M.; Yuliarto, B.; Suyatman, S.; Nugraha, N.; Kurniadi, D.

    2017-05-01

    The composites of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) and magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles from iron sand were successfully prepared via the sonochemical route. In this experiment, the MWCNT-Fe3O4 nanocomposites were prepared with different compositions of MWCNT (0.01%, 0.02%, and 0.04%) with the constant composition of Fe3O4 particles. The characterizations were performed by means of X-Ray Diffractometry (XRD), Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) Spectrometer and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) integrated with Energy Dispersive X-Ray (EDX). The XRD data analysis showed that the Fe3O4 crystallize in spinel structure in nanometric size. Furthermore, the crystallinity of the samples tended to reduce by increasing the MWCNT compositions. The SEM images showed that Fe3O4 tend to agglomerate in nanometric size. The FTIR spectra detected the functional groups of Fe-O bonding that showed the existence of Fe2+ and Fe3+. In the composites, the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were physically mixed with the MWCNTs constructing a unique structure. The as prepared MWCNT-Fe3O4 nanocomposites have the potential for bio-applications.

  5. A facile synthesis of Fe3O4-charcoal composite for the sorption of a hazardous dye from aquatic environment.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, Md Juned K; Ahmaruzzaman, M

    2015-11-01

    Herein, we synthesized Fe3O4-charcoal composite using chemical precipitation technique and utilized it for the sorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution. The synthesized composite was characterized by Infra-red spectroscopy, N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm, X-ray diffraction, selected area electron diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer. The composite depicts absorption bands conforming to Fe-O, -OH, CO, and C-O vibrations. The composite was mesoporous in nature with a surface area of 387.30 m(2) g(-1). The observed diffraction planes correspond to face-centered cubic Fe3O4 and disordered graphitic carbon. The spherical Fe3O4 particles (average diameter ∼13.8 nm) were uniformly distributed in the carbon matrix of the charcoal. The saturation and remanent magnetizations demonstrate its potential for magnetic separation and reuse. The composite showed dye sorption capacities of 97.49 mg g(-1) and 90.85 mg g(-1) in batch and fixed-bed system. Pseudo-second order kinetics and Temkin isotherm best represented the sorption data. The sorption process was endothermic, spontaneous, and administered by electrostatic, π-π dispersive interactions, film, and intraparticle diffusion. Microwave irradiations followed by methanol elution regenerated the dye-loaded composite with nearly no loss in sorption capacity. The recovery of energy and potential utilization of bottom ash enhances the prospective of Fe3O4-charcoal composite for industrial applications.

  6. Superior Antibacterial Activity of Fe3O4-TiO2 Nanosheets under Solar Light.

    PubMed

    Ma, Shuanglong; Zhan, Sihui; Jia, Yanan; Zhou, Qixing

    2015-10-07

    Fe3O4-TiO2 nanosheets (Fe3O4-TNS) were synthesized by means of lamellar reverse micelles and solvothermal method, which were characterized by TEM, XRD, XPS, BET, and magnetic property analysis. It can be found that Fe3O4-TNS nanosheets exhibited better photocatalytic antibacterial activity toward Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus than pure Fe3O4 and TNS, and the antibacterial efficiency could reach 87.2% and 93.7% toward E. coli and S. aureus with 100 μg/mL Fe3O4-TNS after 2 h of simulated solar light illumination, respectively. The photocatalytic destruction of bacteria was further confirmed by fluorescent-based cell live/dead test and SEM images. It was uncovered that Fe3O4-TNS inactivated G- E. coli and G+ S. aureus by different mechanisms: the destruction of outer membranes and ruptured cell bodies were responsible for the bactericidal effect against E. coli, while the antibacterial effect toward S. aureus were due to the fact that the cells were adsorbed in form of clusters by massive Fe3O4-TNS, which could restrict their activities and cause malfunction of the selective permeable barriers. Furthermore, the antibacterial mechanism was studied by employing scavengers to understand exact roles of different reactive species, indicating the key roles of h(+) and H2O2. The recovery and reusability experiments indicated that Fe3O4-TNS still retained more than 90% bacteria removal efficiency even after five cycles. Considering the easy magnetic separation, bulk availability, and high antibacterial activity of Fe3O4-TNS, it is a promising candidate for cleaning the microbial contaminated water environment.

  7. Investigation of Coal Fueled Chemical Looping Combustion Using Fe3O4 as Oxygen Carrier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xlang, Wenguo; Sun, Xiaoyan; Wangt, Sha; Tian, Wendong; Xu, Xiang; Xu, Yanji; Xiao, Yunhan

    Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) is a novel combustion technique with CO2 separation. Magnetite (Fe3O4) was selected as the oxygen carrier and Shenhua coal (Inner Mongolia, China) as the fuel for this study. The influences of operation temperatures, and coal to Fe3O4 mass ratios on the reduction characteristics of the oxygen carrier were investigated using an atmosphere TGA. The sample, comprised of 2.25mg coal and 12.75mg Fe3O4, was heated to 1000°C. Experimental results show that the reaction between the coal volatile and Fe3O4 began at 700°C while the reaction between the coal char and Fe3O4 occurred at 800°C and reached a peak at 900°C. Fe3O4 was fully reduced into FeO, while some FeO was further reduced to Fe. As the operation temperature rises, the reduction conversion rate increases. At the temperatures of 850°C, 900°C, and 950°C, the reduction conversion rates were 37.1%, 46.5%, and 54.1% respectively. When the mass ratios of coal to Fe3O4 were 5/95, 10/90, 15/85, and 20/80, the reduction conversion rates were 29.5%,40.8%,46.5%, and 46.6% respectively. With the increase of coal to Fe3O4 mass ratio, the conversion rate increases first and then changes no more. There exists an optimal coal to Fe3O4 mass ratio.

  8. A Facile Solvothermal Synthesis of Octahedral Fe3O4 Nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Ooi, Frances; DuChene, Joseph S.; Qiu, Jianqing; Graham, Jeremy O.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Cao, Guixin; Gai, Zheng; Wei, Wei

    2015-06-01

    Magnetic nanoparticles are of great technological interest because they promise numerous potential opportunities in biomedicine and data storage. Although intriguing, these applications require exquisite control over nanostructure morphology in order to appropriately harness their magnetic properties. Most synthesis strategies reported to date are unable to routinely produce anisotropic Fe3O4 nanostructures with appropriate sizes to enable integration into biological systems. Here, we report a simple solvothermal synthesis for obtaining octahedral Fe3O4 nanoparticles with suitable sizes for cellular internalization. Furthermore, these ferromagnetic Fe3O4 octahedrons exhibit substantial saturation magnetization with minimal remanence, suggesting their potential applicability for a host of biomedical applications.

  9. [Detection of Ethoprophos Using SERS Coupled with Magnetic Fe3O4/Ag Composite Materials].

    PubMed

    Yuan, Rong-hui; Liu, Wen-han; Teng, Yuan-jie; Nie, Jing; Ma, Su-zhen

    2015-05-01

    The magnetic Fe3O4/Ag composite materials were synthesized by reducing AgNO3 with sodium citrate in the presence of Fe3O4 which were prepared by co-precipitation firstly. The enrichment and extraction of ethoprophos assembled on Fe3O4/Ag were achieved with the applied magnetic field. The different concentrations of ethoprophos adsorbed on Fe3O4/Ag were analyzed by SERS and it was showed that the trace analysis of ethoprophos had been established, while the enhancement factor of probe molecules on Fe3O4/Ag was 1. 48 X 10(5). The structure and morphology of Fe3O4/Ag were characterized by UV-Vis, EDX and TEM. Compared with Ag, the UV-Vis absorption peak of Fe3O4/Ag shifted from 417 to 369 nm, and the UV-Vis of Fe3O4 almost had no characteristic absorption peak in this region. At the same time, it was showed that the surface properties of Fe3O4/Ag changed with Raman enhancement effect during the aggregation process of Ag around the surface of Fe3O4. Further EDX images of micro area element analysis suggested that the chemical composition of products were Ag, Fe and O while the Cu peak was from the copper mesh. In addition, TEM images indicated that the average particle size of Fe3O4 was between 30 and 60 nm with shape tended to be spherical. And the silver nanoparticles were attached to the Fe3O4 particles and agglomeration occured. Density functional theory calculations which can be applied to qualitative judgment of molecule was carried out to obtain the molecular optimization structure and theoretical Raman spectra. It was found that the stabilized SERS signals were detected under the saturated adsorption equilibrium after 15 min. Finally, Raman response of ethoprophos was achieved with lower than 2 X 10(-8) mol . L-1 , indicatint that the established method had reached the requirements of ethoprophos residues detection and could be used for analysis of sulfur-containing organophosphorus pesticide.

  10. Carboxymethyl-cellulose/Fe3O4 nanostructures for antimicrobial substances delivery.

    PubMed

    Vlad, Mihaela; Andronescu, Ecaterina; Grumezescu, Alexandru Mihai; Ficai, Anton; Voicu, Georgeta; Bleotu, Coralia; Chifiriuc, Mariana Carmen

    2014-01-01

    The synthesis of carboxymethyl-cellulose/magnetite (CMC/Fe3O4) was carried out. This magnetic hybrid material was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry. The adsorption of norfloxacin and cefotaxim antimicrobial substances (ATB) onto the CMC/Fe3O4 was performed in order to investigate the capacity of the magnetic scaffold to improve the antimicrobial activity of the respective therapeutic agents, assessed by an in vitro quantitative assay. The obtained results proved that CMC/Fe3O4/ATBs might be a promising candidate for the development of efficient and cheap antimicrobial drugs carriers under magnetic field.

  11. Preparation of fluorine-doped, carbon-encapsulated hollow Fe3O4 spheres as an efficient anode material for Li-ion batteries.

    PubMed

    Geng, Hongbo; Zhou, Qun; Pan, Yue; Gu, Hongwei; Zheng, Junwei

    2014-04-07

    Herein we report the design and synthesis of fluorine-doped, carbon-encapsulated hollow Fe3O4 spheres (h-Fe3O4@C/F) through mild heating of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)-coated hollow Fe3O4 spheres. The spheres exhibit enhanced cyclic and rate performances. The as-prepared h-Fe3O4@C/F shows significantly improved electrochemical performance, with high reversible capacities of over 930 mA h g(-1) at a rate of 0.1 C after 70 cycles, 800 mA h g(-1) at a rate of 0.5 C after 120 cycles and 620 mA h g(-1) at a rate of 1 C after 200 cycles. This improved lithium storage performance is mainly ascribed to the encapsulation of the spheres with fluorine-doped carbon, which not only improves the reaction kinetics and stability of the solid electrolyte interface film but also prevents aggregation and drastic volume change of the Fe3O4 particles. These spheres thus represent a promising anode material in lithium-ion battery applications.

  12. Reduced temperature-dependent thermal conductivity of magnetite thin films by controlling film thickness.

    PubMed

    Park, No-Won; Lee, Won-Yong; Kim, Jin-A; Song, Kyungjun; Lim, Hyuneui; Kim, Wan-Doo; Yoon, Soon-Gil; Lee, Sang-Kwon

    2014-02-26

    We report on the out-of-plane thermal conductivities of epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films with thicknesses of 100, 300, and 400 nm, prepared using pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on SiO2/Si substrates. The four-point probe three-omega (3-ω) method was used for thermal conductivity measurements of the Fe3O4 thin films in the temperature range of 20 to 300 K. By measuring the temperature-dependent thermal characteristics of the Fe3O4 thin films, we realized that their thermal conductivities significantly decreased with decreasing grain size and thickness of the films. The out-of-plane thermal conductivities of the Fe3O4 films were found to be in the range of 0.52 to 3.51 W/m · K at 300 K. For 100-nm film, we found that the thermal conductivity was as low as approximately 0.52 W/m · K, which was 1.7 to 11.5 order of magnitude lower than the thermal conductivity of bulk material at 300 K. Furthermore, we calculated the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity of these Fe3O4 films using a simple theoretical Callaway model for comparison with the experimental data. We found that the Callaway model predictions agree reasonably with the experimental data. We then noticed that the thin film-based oxide materials could be efficient thermoelectric materials to achieve high performance in thermoelectric devices.

  13. Comparative Study of Biosafety, DNA, and Chromosome Damage of Different-Materials-Modified Fe3O4 in Rats.

    PubMed

    Xia, Dong-Lin; Chen, Yan-Pei; Chen, Chao; Wang, Yu-Fei; Li, Xiao-dong; He, Hong; Gu, Hai-Ying

    2015-11-01

    The increasing use of modified Fe3O4 magnetic microparticles has raised safety concerns regarding their use and effect on human health. This study assessed the in vivo biosafety, DNA, and chromosome damage of modified Fe3O4 microparticles such as Au@Fe3O4, Ag@Fe3O4, Cs@Fe3O4, Pt@Fe3O4, and CdS@Fe3O4, using spleen-deficient rats. Spleen-deficient rats treated with naked and modified (Au, Cs, Pt) Fe3O4 microparticles (5000 mg/kg) displayed low toxicity. Only treatment with Cds@Fe3O4 resulted in elevated toxicity and death in rats. Au-, Ag-, and Pt-modified Fe3O4 increased the rate of hemolysis in rats relative to treatment with naked Fe3O4. Despite this, Au- and Pt-modified Fe3O4 increased the biocompatibility and reduced DNA and chromosome damage in rats relative to naked Fe3O4. While Cs@Fe3O4 microparticles displayed a higher biocompatibility than naked Fe3O4, they displayed no significant reduction in DNA and chromosome damage. In summary, Au and Pt surface-modified Fe3O4 microparticles display elevated in vivo biosafety compared to unmodified particles. The precious metal material, with good biological compatibility, surface modification of Fe3O4 is an effective strategy to improve the overall safety and potential therapeutic utility of these magnetic materials.

  14. Magnetically Separable Fe3O4@DOPA-Pd: A Heterogeneous Catalyst for Aqueous Heck Reaction

    EPA Science Inventory

    Magnetically separable Fe3O4@DOPA-Pd catalyst has been synthesized via anchoring of palladium over dopamine-coated magnetite via non-covalent interaction and the catalyst is utilized for expeditious Heck coupling in aqueous media.

  15. Magnetically Separable Fe3O4@DOPA-Pd: A Heterogeneous Catalyst for Aqueous Heck Reaction

    EPA Science Inventory

    Magnetically separable Fe3O4@DOPA-Pd catalyst has been synthesized via anchoring of palladium over dopamine-coated magnetite via non-covalent interaction and the catalyst is utilized for expeditious Heck coupling in aqueous media.

  16. Exceeding natural resonance frequency limit of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles via superparamagnetic relaxation

    PubMed Central

    Song, Ning-Ning; Yang, Hai-Tao; Liu, Hao-Liang; Ren, Xiao; Ding, Hao-Feng; Zhang, Xiang-Qun; Cheng, Zhao-Hua

    2013-01-01

    Magnetic nanoparticles have attracted much research interest in the past decades due to their potential applications in microwave devices. Here, we adopted a novel technique to tune cut-off frequency exceeding the natural resonance frequency limit of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles via superparamagnetic relaxation. We observed that the cut-off frequency can be enhanced from 5.3 GHz for Fe3O4 to 6.9 GHz forFe3O4@SiO2 core-shell structure superparamagnetic nanoparticles, which are much higher than the natural resonance frequency of 1.3 GHz for Fe3O4 bulk material. This finding not only provides us a new approach to enhance the resonance frequency beyond the Snoek's limit, but also extend the application for superparamagnetic nanoparticles to microwave devices. PMID:24196377

  17. Exchange bias effect in Au-Fe3O4 nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sayan; Frey Huls, N. A.; Phan, M. H.; Srinath, S.; Garcia, M. A.; Lee, Youngmin; Wang, Chao; Sun, Shouheng; Iglesias, Òscar; Srikanth, H.

    2014-02-01

    We report exchange bias (EB) effect in the Au-Fe3O4 composite nanoparticle system, where one or more Fe3O4 nanoparticles are attached to an Au seed particle forming ‘dimer’ and ‘cluster’ morphologies, with the clusters showing much stronger EB in comparison with the dimers. The EB effect develops due to the presence of stress at the Au-Fe3O4 interface which leads to the generation of highly disordered, anisotropic surface spins in the Fe3O4 particle. The EB effect is lost with the removal of the interfacial stress. Our atomistic Monte Carlo studies are in excellent agreement with the experimental results. These results show a new path towards tuning EB in nanostructures, namely controllably creating interfacial stress, and opens up the possibility of tuning the anisotropic properties of biocompatible nanoparticles via a controllable exchange coupling mechanism.

  18. TEA controllable preparation of magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) with excellent magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Chengliang; Zhu, Dejie; Wu, Hanzhao; Li, Yao; Cheng, Lu; Hu, Kunhong

    2016-06-01

    A fast and controllable synthesis method for superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) was developed in Fe(III)-triethanolamine (TEA) solution. The phase structure, morphology and particle size of the as-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results showed that the magnetic particles were pure Fe3O4 with mean sizes of approximately 10 nm. The used TEA has key effects on the formation of well dispersing Fe3O4 NPs. Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) result indicated that the as-obtained Fe3O4 NPs exhibited superparamagnetic behavior and the saturation magnetization (Ms) was about 70 emu/g, which had potential applications in magnetic science and technology.

  19. Recyclable Fe3O4/ZnO/PPy composite photocatalyst: Fabrication and photocatalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    An, Liang; Wang, Guanghui; Shi, Xiaoming; Su, Min; Gao, Fang; Cheng, Yang

    2014-12-01

    In this work, a magnetically separable polypyrrole (PPy) modified Fe3O4/ZnO composite photo-catalyst was synthesized and its photocatalytic activity was tested. The as-prepared Fe3O4/ZnO/PPy nanocomposite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra. Furthermore, three different photocatalysts including the Fe3O4/ZnO/PPy composite were tested using methyl orange (MO) degradation reaction under UV light irradiation. The relative results demonstrated that the Fe3O4/ZnO/PPy composite has the highest photochemical activity after 4 h photocatalytic experiment. It can be easily separated using an external magnetic field. This kind of composite photocatalysts with easiness of separation can have potential applications in the treatment of water contaminated by organic pollutants.

  20. Three-dimensional Fe3O4-graphene macroscopic composites for arsenic and arsenate removal.

    PubMed

    Guo, Liangqia; Ye, Peirong; Wang, Jing; Fu, Fengfu; Wu, Zujian

    2015-11-15

    3D graphene macroscopic gel synthesized via self-assembly of GO nanosheets under basic conditions at low temperature is modified with polydopamine and Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The modification of polydopamine can not only strengthen the 3D graphene-based macroscopic architecture but also enhance the loadage and binding ability of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The synthesized 3D Fe3O4-graphene macroscopic composites are characterized by SEM, XRD, XPS, BET, Raman and magnetic property and used as a versatile adsorbent for sub-ppm concentration of As(III) and As(V) removal from aqueous solutions. The experimental results suggest that the synthesized 3D Fe3O4-graphene macroscopic composites are promising for treating low concentration of arsenic contaminated water. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Preparation and electrochemical property of Fe3O4/MWCNT nanocomposite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Tingkai; Ji, Xianglin; Guo, Xinai; Jin, Wenbo; Dang, Alei; Li, Hao; Li, Tiehu

    2016-06-01

    Ferroferric oxide (Fe3O4)/functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube (f-MWCNT) nanomaterials were synthesized by chemical deposition & hydrothermal method. Fe3O4/f-MWCNT composites possess the same ferrimagnetism as pure Fe3O4, and the composites will present certain orientation in magnetism. The saturation magnetization (Ms) is about 48.84 emu g-1 and the coercivity (Hc) is 19.19 Oe. The electrochemical analysis displays that the glassy carbon electrode coated with Fe3O4/f-MWCNT composite has a favorable promotion for the electrochemical response of H2O2. This process not only widely improved the redox current of H2O2, but also reduced the overpotential of redox process.

  2. Synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its antibacterial application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prabhu, Y. T.; Rao, K. Venkateswara; Kumari, B. Siva; Kumar, Vemula Sesha Sai; Pavani, Tambur

    2015-02-01

    The Present work outlines the antibacterial activity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles synthesized through chemical combustion method where ferric nitrate is used as precursor material and urea as fuel with the assistant of Tween 80, a non-ionic surfactant. The obtained Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis/thermo gravimetric analysis (DTA/TGA), particle size analyzer, SEM with EDAX and TEM. Various parameters such as dislocation density, micro strain, analysis of weight loss and surface morphological studies were calculated. The particle size was calculated from XRD and it was found to be 33-40 nm. Using well diffusion method antibacterial activity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was tested against gram-positive and gram-negative Staphylococus aureus, Xanthomonas, Escherichia coli and Proteus vulgaris. Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibited strong antibacterial activity against bacterial species.

  3. Time behavior and capacitance analysis of nano-Fe3O4 added microbial fuel cells.

    PubMed

    Peng, Xinhong; Yu, Hongbing; Ai, Lina; Li, Nan; Wang, Xin

    2013-09-01

    The addition of nano Fe3O4 is beneficial to boost the transient charge storage of the anode accompanying with the enhancement of power performance in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) in our previous study. Here we found that both the anodic open circuit potential and the current increased when comparing the AcFeM (Fe3O4 added activated carbon anode) with the AcM (activated carbon anode), indicating that the Fe3O4 dynamically accelerated the anodic electron transfer although it thermodynamically limited the anode potential. The net storage capacity initially increased followed by a decrease with the maximum capacitance of 574.6 C m(-2) (AcFeM) and 459 C m(-2) (AcM) under 20 min of open circuit interval. The Fe3O4/Fe(II) possibly stored charges temporarily as a solid-state electron shuttle.

  4. Adsorption and desorption studies of lysozyme by Fe3O4-polymer nanocomposite via fluorescence spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koc, Kenan; Alveroglu, Esra

    2015-06-01

    The work have been undertaken in this study is to synthesis and characterize Fe3O4-polymer nanocomposites which are having different morphological properties. Also, investigation of the adsorption and desorption behaviour of lysozyme onto Fe3O4-polymer nanocomposites have been studied. Fe3O4 nanoparticles, synthesized by in situ in polyacrylamide hydrogels, show super-paramagnetic behaviour and saturation magnetization of composite material have been tuned by changing the hydrogel conformation. Adsorption and desorption studies of lysozyme were followed by using pure water at room temperature via fluorescence measurements. Fluorescence measurements showed that, the composite materials adsorbed lysozyme molecules less than 20 s and higher monomer concentration of composite materials cause faster adsorption. Besides, structure of lysozyme molecules were not changed during the adsorption and desorption. As a result Fe3O4-polymer nanocomposites could be used for drug delivery, protein separation and PAAm gels could be used for synthesis of magnetic composites with varying magnetic properties.

  5. pH controlled release of chromone from chromone-Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Wang, Baodui; Xu, Chenjie; Xie, Jin; Yang, Zhengyin; Sun, Shouheng

    2008-11-05

    We report a new strategy for coupling chromone to Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The chromone-Fe3O4 NP conjugate shows a dramatic increase in chromone solubility in cell culture medium from less than 2.5 to 633 microg/ml, leading to the enhanced chromone uptake by HeLa cells. Chromone can be released at low pH and as a result, the chromone-Fe3O4 conjugate is much more efficient in inhibiting the HeLa cell proliferation. Such chromone-Fe3O4 NPs are promising as a powerful multifunctional delivery system for both chromone-based diagnostic and therapeutic applications.

  6. A DNA-Assembled Fe3O4@Ag Nanorod in Silica Matrix for Cholesterol Biosensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Satvekar, R. K.; Tiwari, A. P.; Rohiwal, S. S.; Tiwale, B. M.; Pawar, S. H.

    2015-12-01

    A novel nanocomposite having DNA-assembled Fe3O4@Ag nanorods in silica matrix has been proposed for fabrication of bienzymatic cholesterol nanobiosensor. Cholesterol oxidase and horseradish peroxidase have been co-encapsulated in Silica/Fe3O4@Ag-DNA nanocomposite deposited on the indium tin oxide electrode. Cyclic voltammetry was employed for the electrochemical behavior of proposed biosensor and used to estimate cholesterol with a linear range of 5-195 mg/dL.

  7. Removal of Microcystis aeruginosa using nano-Fe3O4 particles as a coagulant aid.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Bo; Jiang, Dan; Guo, Xiaochen; He, Yiliang; Ong, Choon Nam; Xu, Yongpeng; Pal, Amrita

    2015-12-01

    Blue-green algae bloom is of great concern globally since they adversely affect the water ecosystem and also drinking water treatment processes. This work investigated the removal of Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) by combining the conventional coagulant polyaluminum chloride (PACl) with nano-Fe3O4 particles as a coagulant aid. The results showed that the addition of nano-Fe3O4 significantly improved the removal efficiency of M. aeruginosa by reducing the amount of PACl dosage and simultaneously hastening the sedimentation. At the M. aeruginosa density of an order of magnitude of 10(7), 10(6), and 10(5) pcs/mL, respectively, the corresponding PACl dose of 200, 20, and 2 mg/L and the mass ratio of PACl to nano-Fe3O4 of 4:1, the removal efficiency of M. aeruginosa could be increased by 33.0, 44.7, and 173.1%, respectively. Compared to PACl, PACl combined with the nano-Fe3O4 as a coagulant aid had higher removal efficiency at a wider pH range. SEM images showed that nano-Fe3O4 first combined with PACl to form clusters and further generated the flocs with algae. Results from the laser particle analyzer further suggested that the floc size increased with the addition of nano-Fe3O4. It was noted that the addition of nano-Fe3O4 led to aluminum species change after PACl hydrolyzed in the algae solution, from Ala to Alb and Alc subsequently. As a coagulant aid, the nano-Fe3O4, in conjunction with PACl, apparently provided nucleation sites for larger flocs to integrate with M. aeruginosa. In addition, increased floc density improved the removal of M. aeruginosa.

  8. CO adsorption, oxidation and carbonate formation mechanisms on Fe3O4 surfaces.

    PubMed

    Yu, Xiaohu; Zhang, Xuemei; Jin, Lingxia; Feng, Gang

    2017-07-05

    By means of density functional theory calculations that account for the on-site Coulomb interaction via a Hubbard term (DFT+U), we systematically investigated CO adsorption on Fe3O4 surfaces at different coverages. It has been found that more than one CO can coadsorb on one surface iron atom on both Fetet1 and Feoct2 terminations of Fe3O4(111). The uncapped oxygen atom is the active site for CO oxidation on both Fetet1 and Feoct2 terminations of Fe3O4(111). For Fe3O4(110), two CO molecules prefer to coadsorb on one surface iron atom on the A layer; CO prefers to adsorb at the bridge site of the surface octahedral iron atoms at low coverage, while CO prefers to adsorb at the surface tetrahedral iron atom at high coverage on the B layer. It has been found that the surface oxygen atom which is not coordinated to the tetrahedral iron atom is the active site for CO oxidation on the B termination of Fe3O4(001). On the Fe3O4 surfaces, the formation of carbonate has been found to be very stable thermodynamically, which agrees well with experiments. The adsorption mechanism has been analyzed on the basis of projected density of states (PDOS).

  9. Magnetic characteristics of Fe3O4/α-Fe2O3 hybrid cubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Ji; Chen, Kezheng; Zhang, Xiaodan

    2012-02-01

    The high spin polarized Fe3O4 was incorporated with α-Fe2O3 to form micro-cubes with high Curie temperature. It was observed that the magnetic characteristics of such hybrid structure are quite different from those of pure Fe3O4 or α-Fe2O3 phase, such as the absence of hematite Morin transition and the strong temperature dependence of magnetite saturated magnetization. The absence of Morin transition in Fe3O4/α-Fe2O3 hybrid cubes not only excludes the possibility of simply mixture of Fe3O4 and α-Fe2O3 components during the synthetic process, but also confirms that the introduction of high spin polarized Fe3O4 provides another way for the extinction of hematite Morin temperature apart from formerly reported factors, such as the particle size, shape, crystallinity, and surface properties. Moreover, the observed strong temperature dependence of magnetite saturation behavior has not been reported experimentally so far. Both intriguing phenomena could be ascribed to the magnetic interactions between Fe3O4 and α-Fe2O3 components, which are of great importance not only for the understanding of mutually magnetic influence between high spin polarized materials and semiconducting matrix, but also for the potential applications in fabricating spin devices.

  10. External magnetic field-induced mesoscopic organization of Fe3O4 pyramids and carbon sheets.

    PubMed

    Pol, S V; Pol, V G; Gedanken, A; Felner, I; Sung, M-G; Asai, S

    2007-06-11

    The current investigation is centered on the thermal decomposition of iron(II) acetyl acetonate, Fe(C5H7O2)2, in a closed cell at 700 degrees C, which is conducted under a magnetic field (MF) of 10 T. The product is compared with a similar reaction that was carried out without a MF. This article shows how the reaction without a MF produces spherical Fe3O4 particles coated with carbon. The same reaction in the presence of a 10 T MF causes the rejection of the carbon from the surface of pyramid-shaped Fe3O4 particles, increases the Fe3O4 particle diameter, forms separate carbon particles, and leads to the formation of an anisotropic (long cigarlike) orientation of Fe3O4 pyramids and C sheets. The macroscopic orientation of Fe3O4 pyramids+C sheets is stable even after the removal of an external MF. The suggested process can be used to fabricate large arrays of uniform wires comprised of some magnetic nanoparticles, and to improve the magnetic properties of nanoscale magnetic materials. The probable mechanism is developed for the growth and assembly behavior of magnetic Fe3O4 pyramids+C sheets under an external MF. The effect of an applied MF to synthesize morphologically different, but structurally the same, products with mesoscopic organization is the key theme of the present paper.

  11. Green Synthesis of Magnetite (Fe3O4) Nanoparticles Using Seaweed ( Kappaphycus alvarezii) Extract

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yew, Yen Pin; Shameli, Kamyar; Miyake, Mikio; Kuwano, Noriyuki; Bt Ahmad Khairudin, Nurul Bahiyah; Bt Mohamad, Shaza Eva; Lee, Kar Xin

    2016-06-01

    In this study, a simple, rapid, and eco-friendly green method was introduced to synthesize magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs) successfully. Seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii ( K. alvarezii) was employed as a green reducing and stabilizing agents. The synthesized Fe3O4-NPs were characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The X-ray diffraction planes at (220), (311), (400), (422), (511), (440), and (533) were corresponding to the standard Fe3O4 patterns, which showed the high purity and crystallinity of Fe3O4-NPs had been synthesized. Based on FT-IR analysis, two characteristic absorption peaks were observed at 556 and 423 cm-1, which proved the existence of Fe3O4 in the prepared nanoparticles. TEM image displayed the synthesized Fe3O4-NPs were mostly in spherical shape with an average size of 14.7 nm.

  12. Theoretical investigation on the magnetization enhancement of Fe3O4-reduced graphene oxide nanoparticle system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majidi, M. A.; Wicaksono, Y.; Fauzi, A. D.; Taufik, A.; Saleh, R.; Rusydi, A.

    2017-04-01

    We present a theoretical study on the enhancement of magnetization of Fe3O4 nanoparticle system upon addition of reduced graphene oxide (rGO). Experimental data have shown that the magnetization of Fe3O4-rGO nanoparticle system increases with increasing rGO content up to about 5 wt%, but decreases back as the rGO content increases further. We propose that the enhancement is due to spin-flipping of Fe ions at the tetrahedral sites assisted by oxygen vacancies at the Fe3O4 particle boundaries. These oxygen vacancies are induced by the presence of rGO flakes that adsorb oxygen atoms from Fe3O4 particles around them. To understand the enhancement of the magnetization, we construct a tight-binding based model Hamiltonian for the Fe3O4 nanoparticle system with the concentration of oxygen vacancies being controlled by the rGO content. We calculate the magnetization as a function of the applied magnetic field for various values of rGO wt%. We use the method of dynamical mean-field theory and perform the calculations for a room temperature. Our result for rGO wt% dependence of the saturated magnetization shows a very good agreement with the existing experimental data of the Fe3O4-rGO nanoparticle system. This result may confirm that our model already carries the most essential idea needed to explain the above phenomenon of magnetization enhancement.

  13. Green Synthesis of Magnetite (Fe3O4) Nanoparticles Using Seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii) Extract.

    PubMed

    Yew, Yen Pin; Shameli, Kamyar; Miyake, Mikio; Kuwano, Noriyuki; Bt Ahmad Khairudin, Nurul Bahiyah; Bt Mohamad, Shaza Eva; Lee, Kar Xin

    2016-12-01

    In this study, a simple, rapid, and eco-friendly green method was introduced to synthesize magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs) successfully. Seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii (K. alvarezii) was employed as a green reducing and stabilizing agents. The synthesized Fe3O4-NPs were characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The X-ray diffraction planes at (220), (311), (400), (422), (511), (440), and (533) were corresponding to the standard Fe3O4 patterns, which showed the high purity and crystallinity of Fe3O4-NPs had been synthesized. Based on FT-IR analysis, two characteristic absorption peaks were observed at 556 and 423 cm(-1), which proved the existence of Fe3O4 in the prepared nanoparticles. TEM image displayed the synthesized Fe3O4-NPs were mostly in spherical shape with an average size of 14.7 nm.

  14. Synthesis and characterization of ZnS@Fe3O4 fluorescent-magnetic bifunctional nanospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koc, Kenan; Karakus, Baris; Rajar, Kausar; Alveroglu, Esra

    2017-10-01

    Herein, we synthesized and characterized fluorescent and super paramagnetic ZnS@Fe3O4 nanospheres. First, (3-mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane (MPS) capped ZnS quantum dots (QDs) and SiO2 coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized separately by using solution growth and co-precipitation techniques. After synthesis and characterization of these two nanoparticles, they were conglutinated together in a nano sized sphere. The QDs were attached to the surface of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles by Sisbnd Osbnd Si bonds and so Sisbnd Osbnd Si bonds created a SiO2 network around the nanoparticles during the formation of the ZnS@Fe3O4 nanospheres. The synthesized MPS capped ZnS fluorescent QDs, SiO2 coated magnetite super paramagnetic nanoparticles and ZnS@Fe3O4 fluorescent-magnetic bifunctional nanospheres were characterized by using UV-Vis Absorption Spectroscopy, Fluorescence Spectroscopy, X-ray analysis, Vibrating Sample Magnetometer analysis, Attenuated Total Reflection-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscope and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. ZnS@Fe3O4 bifunctional nanospheres were shown to retain the magnetic properties of magnetite, while exhibiting the luminescent optical properties of ZnS nanoparticles. The combination of fluorescent and magnetic behaviors of nano composites make them useful for potential applications in the field of bio-medical and environmental.

  15. The MIL-88A-Derived Fe3O4-Carbon Hierarchical Nanocomposites for Electrochemical Sensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Li; Zhang, Yayun; Li, Xia; Xie, Yingzhen; He, Juan; Yu, Jie; Song, Yonghai

    2015-09-01

    Metal or metal oxides/carbon nanocomposites with hierarchical superstructures have become one of the most promising functional materials in sensor, catalysis, energy conversion, etc. In this work, novel hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures have been fabricated based on metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-derived method. Three kinds of Fe-MOFs (MIL-88A) with different morphologies were prepared beforehand as templates, and then pyrolyzed to fabricate the corresponding novel hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures. The systematic studies on the thermal decomposition process of the three kinds of MIL-88A and the effect of template morphology on the products were carried out in detail. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and thermal analysis were employed to investigate the hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures. Based on these resulted hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures, a novel and sensitive nonenzymatic N-acetyl cysteine sensor was developed. The porous and hierarchical superstructures and large surface area of the as-formed Fe3O4/carbon superstructures eventually contributed to the good electrocatalytic activity of the prepared sensor towards the oxidation of N-acetyl cysteine. The proposed preparation method of the hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures is simple, efficient, cheap and easy to mass production. It might open up a new way for hierarchical superstructures preparation.

  16. Size-Controllable Synthesis of Fe3O4 Nanospheres for Electromagnetic Wave Absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yanping; Sun, Danping; Liu, Gongzong; Wang, Yujiao; Jiang, Wei

    2015-07-01

    We present a hydrothermal method to control the size of Fe3O4 nanospheres by adjusting the concentration of FeCl3·6H2O in ethylene glycol/diethylene glycol binary solvent mixtures. The electromagnetic wave absorption properties of Fe3O4 nanospheres of different diameters have been investigated using a vector network analyzer. The reflection loss of Fe3O4 nanospheres/paraffin wax composite can reach as high as -30.00 dB at 17.50 GHz and -37.95 dB at 7.67 GHz for Fe3O4 nanospheres with diameter of about 120 nm and 170 nm, respectively. The absorption bandwidth with reflection loss below -10 dB is up to 7.01 GHz when the Fe3O4 diameter is about 220 nm. In contrast, the bandwidth decreased to 4.28 GHz when the size shrank to 70 nm. Therefore, our method can be utilized to precisely control the size of Fe3O4 nanospheres in order to manipulate their electromagnetic wave absorption properties.

  17. The MIL-88A-Derived Fe3O4-Carbon Hierarchical Nanocomposites for Electrochemical Sensing

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Li; Zhang, Yayun; Li, Xia; Xie, Yingzhen; He, Juan; Yu, Jie; Song, Yonghai

    2015-01-01

    Metal or metal oxides/carbon nanocomposites with hierarchical superstructures have become one of the most promising functional materials in sensor, catalysis, energy conversion, etc. In this work, novel hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures have been fabricated based on metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-derived method. Three kinds of Fe-MOFs (MIL-88A) with different morphologies were prepared beforehand as templates, and then pyrolyzed to fabricate the corresponding novel hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures. The systematic studies on the thermal decomposition process of the three kinds of MIL-88A and the effect of template morphology on the products were carried out in detail. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and thermal analysis were employed to investigate the hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures. Based on these resulted hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures, a novel and sensitive nonenzymatic N-acetyl cysteine sensor was developed. The porous and hierarchical superstructures and large surface area of the as-formed Fe3O4/carbon superstructures eventually contributed to the good electrocatalytic activity of the prepared sensor towards the oxidation of N-acetyl cysteine. The proposed preparation method of the hierarchical Fe3O4/carbon superstructures is simple, efficient, cheap and easy to mass production. It might open up a new way for hierarchical superstructures preparation. PMID:26387535

  18. Growth mechanism and magnetism in carbothermal synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles from solution combustion precursors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xuanli; Qin, Mingli; Cao, Zhiqin; Jia, Baorui; Gu, Yueru; Qu, Xuanhui; Volinsky, Alex A.

    2016-12-01

    Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by carbothermal reduction using solution combustion synthesis precursors derived from ferric nitrate (oxidizer), glycine (fuel) and glucose (carbon source) mixed solution. In this paper, the growth mechanism and magnetism in Fe3O4 nanoparticles were investigated by adjusting the glucose content in precursor and the heat temperature in carbothermal process. The products were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Field emission scanning electron microscopy, Infrared adsorption method and Vibrating sample magnetometry. The results revealed that the more amount of glucose, the earlier Fe3O4 phase generated as temperature increasing. Depending on glucose content and thermal temperature, the average grain size of Fe3O4 nanoparticles varied from 19.9 nm to 48 nm and saturation magnetization changed from 21.2 emu/g to 71.77 emu/g, which indicated that the saturation magnetization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles fell off as the average grain size decreasing. These results were crucial not only from the application stand-point, but more importantly leaded to a new platform for further studies of high quality magnetic Fe3O4 particles at nanoscale.

  19. Biocompatibility of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and their cytotoxic effect on MCF-7 cells

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Daozhen; Tang, Qiusha; Li, Xiangdong; Zhou, Xiaojin; Zang, Jia; Xue, Wen-qun; Xiang, Jing-ying; Guo, Cai-qin

    2012-01-01

    Background The objective of this study was to evaluate the synthesis and biocompatibility of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and investigate their therapeutic effects when combined with magnetic fluid hyperthermia on cultured MCF-7 cancer cells. Methods Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared using a coprecipitation method. The appearance, structure, phase composition, functional groups, surface charge, magnetic susceptibility, and release in vitro were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and a vibrating sample magnetometer. Blood toxicity, in vitro toxicity, and genotoxicity were investigated. Therapeutic effects were evaluated by MTT [3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide] and flow cytometry assays. Results Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the shapes of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were approximately spherical, with diameters of about 26.1 ± 5.2 nm. Only the spinel phase was indicated in a comparison of the x-ray diffraction data with Joint Corporation of Powder Diffraction Standards (JCPDS) X-ray powder diffraction files. The O-to-Fe ratio of the Fe3O4 was determined by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy elemental analysis, and approximated pure Fe3O4. The vibrating sample magnetometer hysteresis loop suggested that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were superparamagnetic at room temperature. MTT experiments showed that the toxicity of the material in mouse fibroblast (L-929) cell lines was between Grade 0 to Grade 1, and that the material lacked hemolysis activity. The acute toxicity (LD50) was 8.39 g/kg. Micronucleus testing showed no genotoxic effects. Pathomorphology and blood biochemistry testing demonstrated that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles had no effect on the main organs and blood biochemistry in a rabbit model. MTT and flow cytometry assays revealed that Fe3O4 nano magnetofluid thermotherapy inhibited MCF-7

  20. Superparamagnetic Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles: one-pot synthesis, biofunctionalization and toxicity evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pariti, A.; Desai, P.; Maddirala, S. K. Y.; Ercal, N.; Katti, K. V.; Liang, X.; Nath, M.

    2014-09-01

    Superparamagnetic Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles have been synthesized using a single step hot-injection precipitation method. The synthesis involved using Fe(CO)5 as iron precursor and HAuCl4 as gold precursor in the presence of oleylamine and oleic acid. Oleylamine helps in reducing Au3+ to Au0 seeds which simultaneously oxidizes Fe(0) to form Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles. Triton® X-100 was employed as a highly viscous solvent to prevent agglomeration of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Detailed characterization of these nanoparticles was performed by using x-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning tunneling electron microscopy, UV-visible spectroscopy, Mössbauer and magnetometry studies. To evaluate these nanoparticles’ applicability in biomedical applications, L-cysteine was attached to the Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles and cytotoxicity of Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles was tested using CHO cells by employing MTS assay. L-cysteine modified Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles were qualitatively characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy; and quantitatively using acid ninhydrin assay. Investigations reveal that that this approach yields Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles with an average particle size of 80 nm. Mössbauer studies indicated the presence of Fe in Fe3+ in A and B sites (tetrahedral and octahedral, respectively) and Fe2+ in B sites (octahedral). Magnetic measurements also indicated that these nanoparticles were superparamagnetic in nature due to Fe3O4 region. The saturation magnetization for the bifunctional nanoparticles was observed to be ˜74 emu g-1, which is significantly higher than the previously reported Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Mössbauer studies indicated that there was no significant Fe(0) impurity that could be responsible for the superparamagnetic nature of these nanoparticles. None of the investigations showed any presence of other impurities such as Fe2O3 and FeOOH. These Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional

  1. Synthesis of composite magnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4 with alendronate for osteoporosis treatment

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Ming-Song; Su, Chao-Ming; Yeh, Jih-Chao; Wu, Pei-Ru; Tsai, Tien-Yao; Lou, Shyh-Liang

    2016-01-01

    Osteoporosis is a result of imbalance between bone formation by osteoblasts and resorption by osteoclasts (OCs). In the present study, we investigated the potential of limiting the aggravation of osteoporosis by reducing the activity of OCs through thermolysis. The proposed method is to synthesize bisphosphonate (Bis)-conjugated iron (II, III) oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and incorporate them into OCs. The cells should be subsequently exposed to radiofrequency (RF) to induce thermolysis. In this study, particles of Fe3O4 were first synthesized by chemical co-precipitation and then coated with dextran (Dex). The Dex/Fe3O4 particles were then conjugated with Bis to form Bis/Dex/Fe3O4. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the average diameter of the Bis/Dex/Fe3O4 particles was ~20 nm. All three kinds of nanoparticles were found to have cubic inverse spinel structure of Fe3O4 by the X-ray diffraction analysis. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed that the Dex/Fe3O4 and Bis/Dex/Fe3O4 nanoparticles possessed their respective Dex and Bis functional groups, while a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer measured the magnetic moment to be 24.5 emu. In addition, the Bis/Dex/Fe3O4 nanoparticles were fully dispersed in double-distilled water. Osteoblasts and OCs were individually cultured with the nanoparticles, and an MTT assay revealed that they were non-cytotoxic. An RF system (42 kHz and 450 A) was used to raise the temperature of the nanoparticles for 20 minutes, and the thermal effect was found to be sufficient to destroy OCs. Furthermore, in vivo studies verified that nanoparticles were indeed magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents and that they accumulated after being injected into the body of rats. In conclusion, we developed a water-dispersible magnetic nanoparticle that had RF-induced thermogenic properties, and the results indicated that the Bis/Dex/Fe3O4 nanoparticle had the potential for controlling osteoporosis. PMID

  2. Magneto-optical and catalytic properties of Fe3O4@HA@Ag magnetic nanocomposite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amir, Md.; Güner, S.; Yıldız, A.; Baykal, A.

    2017-01-01

    Fe3O4@HA@Ag magnetic nanocomposites (MNCs) were successfully synthesized by the simple reflux method for the removal of azo dyes from the industrial aqueous media. Fe3O4@HA@AgMNCs exhibited high catalytic activity to reduce MB within 20 min from the waste water. The obtained materials were characterized by the means of different techniques. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the single-phase of Fe3O4 spinel structure. SEM and TEM analysis indicated that Fe3O4@HA@AgMNCs were nanoparticles like structure with small agglomeration. TG result showed that the products contained 9% of HA. The characteristic peaks of HA at 1601 cm-1 and 1703 cm-1 was observed by the means of FT-IR spectra of Fe3O4@HA@AgMNCs. The hysteresis (σ-H) curves revealed Fe3O4@HA@Ag MNCs exhibit a typical superparamagnetic characteristic with a saturation magnetization of 59.11 emu/g and measured magnetic moment is 2.45 μB. The average magnetic particle dimension (Dmag) is 13.25 nm. In accordance, the average crystallite and particle dimensions were obtained as 11.50 nm and 13.10 nm from XRD and TEM measurements, respectively. Magnetocrystalline anisotropy was offered as uniaxial and calculated effective anisotropy constant (Keff) is 2.96×105 Erg/g. The blocking temperature was estimated as 522 K. The size-dependent saturation magnetization suggests the existence of a magnetically dead layer as 0.793 nm for Fe3O4@HA@Ag MNCs. The UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and Kubelka-Munk theory were applied to determine the optical properties of powder samples. The direct optical energy band gap (Eg) values were estimated from Tauc plots between 1.62 eV and 2.12 eV.

  3. Biaxial strain effect induced electronic structure alternation and trimeron recombination in Fe3O4

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Xiang; Yin, Li; Mi, Wenbo

    2017-01-01

    The Verwey transition in Fe3O4 is the first metal-insulator transition caused by charge ordering. However, the physical mechanism and influence factors of Verwey transition are still debated. Herewith, the strain effects on the electronic structure of low-temperature phase (LTP) Fe3O4 with P2/c and Cc symmetries are investigated by first-principles calculations. LTP Fe3O4 with each space group has a critical strain. With P2/c, Fe3O4 is sensitive to the compressive strain, but it is sensitive to tensile strain for Cc. In the critical region, the band gap of LTP Fe3O4 with both two symmetries linearly increases with strain. When strain exceeds the critical value, DOS of spin-down t2g electron at Fe(B4) with P2/c and Fe(B42) with Cc changes between dx2-y2 and dxz + dyz. The trimerons appear in Cc can be affected by strain. With a compressive strain, the correlation of trimeron along x and y axes is strengthened, but broken along the face diagonal of FeB4O4, which is opposite at the tensile strains. The results suggest that the electronic structure of Fe3O4 is tunable by strain. The narrower or wider band gap implies a lower or higher transition temperature than its bulk without strains, which also gives a glimpse of the origin of charge-orbital ordering in Fe3O4. PMID:28230194

  4. Bioinspired 2D-Carbon Flakes and Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Composite for Arsenite Removal.

    PubMed

    Venkateswarlu, Sada; Lee, Daeho; Yoon, Minyoung

    2016-09-14

    Development of carbon-based materials has received tremendous attention owing to their multifunctional properties. Biomaterials often serve as an inspiration for the preparation of new carbon materials. Herein, we present a facile synthesis of a new bioinspired graphene oxide-like 2D-carbon flake (CF) using a natural resource, waste onion sheathing (Allium cepa). The 2D-CF was further decorated with crystalline Fe3O4 nanoparticles for applications. Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (7 nm) were well-dispersed on the surface of the 2D-CF, which was characterized by X-ray diffractometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectrometry, and transmission electron microscopy. Batch As(III) adsorption experiments showed that aqueous arsenic ions strongly adsorbed to the Fe3O4@2D-CF composite. The adsorption capacity of the Fe3O4@2D-CF composite for As(III) was 57.47 mg g(-1). The synergetic effect of both graphene oxide-like 2D-CF and Fe3O4 nanoparticles aided in excellent As(III) adsorption. An As(III) ion adsorption kinetics study showed that adsorption was very fast at the initial stage, and equilibrium was reached within 60 min following a pseudo-second-order rate model. Owing to the excellent superparamagnetic properties (52.6 emu g(-1)), the Fe3O4@2D-CF composite exhibited superb reusability with the shortest recovery time (28 s) among reported materials. This study indicated that Fe3O4@2D-CF composites can be used for practical applications as a global economic material for future generations.

  5. Synthesis of talc/Fe3O4 magnetic nanocomposites using chemical co-precipitation method.

    PubMed

    Kalantari, Katayoon; Bin Ahmad, Mansor; Shameli, Kamyar; Khandanlou, Roshanak

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research was to synthesize and develop a new method for the preparation of iron oxide (Fe(3)O(4)) nanoparticles on talc layers using an environmentally friendly process. The Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized using the chemical co-precipitation method on the exterior surface layer of talc mineral as a solid substrate. Ferric chloride, ferrous chloride, and sodium hydroxide were used as the Fe(3)O(4) precursor and reducing agent in talc. The talc was suspended in deionized water, and then ferrous and ferric ions were added to this solution and stirred. After the absorption of ions on the exterior surface of talc layers, the ions were reduced with sodium hydroxide. The reaction was carried out under a nonoxidizing oxygen-free environment. There were not many changes in the interlamellar space limits (d-spacing = 0.94-0.93 nm); therefore, Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles formed on the exterior surface of talc, with an average size of 1.95-2.59 nm in diameter. Nanoparticles were characterized using different methods, including powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. These talc/Fe(3)O(4) nanocomposites may have potential applications in the chemical and biological industries.

  6. Thermal decomposition study of Mn doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malek, Tasmira J.; Chaki, S. H.; Tailor, J. P.; Deshpande, M. P.

    2016-05-01

    Fe3O4 is an excellent magnetic material among iron oxides. It has a cubic inverse spinel structure exhibiting distinguished electric and magnetic properties. In this paper the authors report the synthesis of Mn doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles by wet chemical reduction technique at ambient temperature and its thermal characterization. Ferric chloride hexa-hydrate (FeCl3•6H2O), manganese chloride tetra-hydrate (MnCl2•4H2O) and sodium boro-hydrate (NaBH4) were used for synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles at ambient temperature. The elemental composition of the as-synthesized Mn doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were determined by energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (EDAX) technique. Thermogravimetric (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) were carried out on the Mn doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the temperature range of ambient to 1124 K. The thermo-curves revealed that the particles decompose by four steps. The kinetic parameters were evaluated using non-mechanistic equations for the thermal decomposition.

  7. A plasma protein corona enhances the biocompatibility of Au@Fe3O4 Janus particles.

    PubMed

    Landgraf, Lisa; Christner, Carolin; Storck, Wiebke; Schick, Isabel; Krumbein, Ines; Dähring, Heidi; Haedicke, Katja; Heinz-Herrmann, Karl; Teichgräber, Ulf; Reichenbach, Jürgen R; Tremel, Wolfgang; Tenzer, Stefan; Hilger, Ingrid

    2015-11-01

    Au@Fe3O4 Janus particles (JPs) are heteroparticles with discrete domains defined by different materials. Their tunable composition and morphology confer multimodal and versatile capabilities for use as contrast agents and drug carriers in future medicine. Au@Fe3O4 JPs have colloidal properties and surface characteristics leading to interactions with proteins in biological fluids. The resulting protein adsorption layer ("protein corona") critically affects their interaction with living matter. Although Au@Fe3O4 JPs displayed good biocompatibility in a standardized in vitro situation, an in-depth characterization of the protein corona is of prime importance to unravel underlying mechanisms affecting their pathophysiology and biodistribution in vitro and in vivo. Here, we comparatively analyzed the human plasma corona of Au-thiol@Fe3O4-SiO2-PEG JPs (NH2-functionalized and non-functionalized) and spherical magnetite (Fe3O4-SiO2-PEG) particles and investigated its effects on colloidal stability, biocompatibility and cellular uptake. Label-free quantitative proteomic analyses revealed that complex coronas including almost 180 different proteins were formed within only one minute. Remarkably, in contrast to spherical magnetite particles with surface NH2 groups, the Janus structure prevented aggregation and the adhesion of opsonins. This resulted in an enhanced biocompatibility of corona sheathed JPs compared to spherical magnetite particles and corona-free JPs.

  8. Synthesis of amine-functionalized Fe3O4@C nanoparticles for laccase immobilization.

    PubMed

    Lin, Jiahong; Wen, Qilin; Chen, Shi; Le, Xueyi; Zhou, Xiaohua; Huang, Limei

    2017-03-01

    Amine-functionalized Fe3O4@C nanoparticles with an average diameter of 266nm have been successfully synthesized by a solvothermal reduction method. The structure, morphology and properties of the Fe3O4@C nanoparticles were investigated through different analytical tools. Due to the magnetic nature and the presence of amine-functionalized groups, the as-prepared Fe3O4@C nanoparticles were employed as magnetic carriers for laccase immobilization. The results indicated that the loading of laccase onto the amine-functionalized Fe3O4@C nanoparticles was approximately 195mg/g. In comparison with free laccase, the pH, operational and storage stabilities of the immobilized laccase were significantly improved. After 10 consecutive operations, the immobilized laccase retained above 60% residual activity. The removal rates of o-phenylenediamine (OPD) by immobilized laccase were 88%, which were much higher than that of free laccase (50%). It hoped that the amine-functionalized Fe3O4@C nanoparticles may find an application in biotechnology and catalysis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Structural and magnetic properties of core-shell Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    León Félix, L.; Coaquira, J. A. H.; Martínez, M. A. R.; Goya, G. F.; Mantilla, J.; Sousa, M. H.; Valladares, L. de los Santos; Barnes, C. H. W.; Morais, P. C.

    2017-01-01

    We present a systematic study of core-shell Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles produced by thermal decomposition under mild conditions. The morphology and crystal structure of the nanoparticles revealed the presence of Au core of d = (6.9 ± 1.0) nm surrounded by Fe3O4 shell with a thickness of ~3.5 nm, epitaxially grown onto the Au core surface. The Au/Fe3O4 core-shell structure was demonstrated by high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis. The magnetite shell grown on top of the Au nanoparticle displayed a thermal blocking state at temperatures below TB = 59 K and a relaxed state well above TB. Remarkably, an exchange bias effect was observed when cooling down the samples below room temperature under an external magnetic field. Moreover, the exchange bias field (HEX) started to appear at T~40 K and its value increased by decreasing the temperature. This effect has been assigned to the interaction of spins located in the magnetically disordered regions (in the inner and outer surface of the Fe3O4 shell) and spins located in the ordered region of the Fe3O4 shell. PMID:28165012

  10. The rheological responds of the superparamagnetic fluid based on Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruan, Xiaohui; Pei, Lei; Xuan, Shouhu; Yan, Qifan; Gong, Xinglong

    2017-05-01

    In this work, a superparamagnetic fluid based on Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres was developed and the influence of the particle structure on the rheological properties was investigated. The Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres which were prepared by using the hydrothermal method presented the superparamagnetic characteristic, and the magnetic fluid thereof showed well magnetorheological (MR) effect. The stable magnetic fluid had a high yield stress even at low shear rate and its maximal yield stress was dramatically influenced by the measurement gap. In comparison to the Fe3O4 nanoparticles based magnetic fluid (MF), the Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres based MF exhibited better MR effect and higher stability since the unique hollow nanostructure. The shear stress of the hollow nanospheres is about 1.85 times larger than the nanoparticles based MF because it formed stronger chains structure under applying a magnetic field. To further investigate the enhancing mechanism, a molecule dynamic simulation was conducted to analyze the shear stress and the structure evolution of the Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres based MF and the simulation matched well with the experimental results.

  11. Structural and magnetic properties of core-shell Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    León Félix, L.; Coaquira, J. A. H.; Martínez, M. A. R.; Goya, G. F.; Mantilla, J.; Sousa, M. H.; Valladares, L. De Los Santos; Barnes, C. H. W.; Morais, P. C.

    2017-02-01

    We present a systematic study of core-shell Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles produced by thermal decomposition under mild conditions. The morphology and crystal structure of the nanoparticles revealed the presence of Au core of d = (6.9 ± 1.0) nm surrounded by Fe3O4 shell with a thickness of ~3.5 nm, epitaxially grown onto the Au core surface. The Au/Fe3O4 core-shell structure was demonstrated by high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis. The magnetite shell grown on top of the Au nanoparticle displayed a thermal blocking state at temperatures below TB = 59 K and a relaxed state well above TB. Remarkably, an exchange bias effect was observed when cooling down the samples below room temperature under an external magnetic field. Moreover, the exchange bias field (HEX) started to appear at T~40 K and its value increased by decreasing the temperature. This effect has been assigned to the interaction of spins located in the magnetically disordered regions (in the inner and outer surface of the Fe3O4 shell) and spins located in the ordered region of the Fe3O4 shell.

  12. Magnetically Recyclable Fe3O4@His@Cu Nanocatalyst for Degradation of Azo Dyes.

    PubMed

    Kurtan, U; Amir, Md; Baykal, A; Sözeri, H; Toprak, M S

    2016-03-01

    Fe3O4@His@Cu magnetic recyclable nanocatalyst (MRCs) was synthesized by reflux method using L-histidine as linker. The composition, structure and magnetic property of the product were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). Powder XRD, FT-IR and EDAX results confirmed that the as-synthesized products has Fe3O4 with spinel structure and Cu nanoparticles with moderate crystallinity without any other impurities. The surface of the Fe3O4@His nanocomposite was covered by tiny Cu nanoparticles. We examine the catalytic activity of Fe3O4@His@Cu MRCs for the degradation of two azo dyes, methyl orange (MO) and methylene blue (MB) as well as their mixture. The reusability of the nanocatalyst was good and sustained even after 3 cycles. Therefore this innovated Fe3O4@His@Cu MRCs has a potential to be used for purification of waste water.

  13. Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol over Co-doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Xu Chun; Zheng, Yi Fan; Yin, Hao Yong

    2013-08-01

    The Fe3O4 nanoparticles doped with cobalt ions have been successfully synthesized by the co-precipitation process. The X-ray diffraction, inductively coupled plasma, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the as-prepared nanoparticles. The results show that the phase structure of the nanoparticles is spinel structure of pure Fe3O4 with the particle size ranging from 40 to 50 nm. The Co-doping concentration can be controlled by changing the atomic ratio of the stock materials. The catalytic activity of the Co-doped Fe3O4 was further investigated by decomposing the phenol in liquid phase. The results show that cobalt ions doping can improve the catalytic efficiency of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in phenol degradation with catalytic reaction fitting the first-order kinetics. According to the estimated reaction rate of Co-doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles at different temperatures, the activation energy was calculated to be 45.63 kJ/mol.

  14. Synthesis and properties of hybrid hydroxyapatite-ferrite (Fe3O4) particles for hyperthermia applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tkachenko, M. V.; Kamzin, A. S.

    2016-04-01

    Hybrid ceramics consisting of hydroxyapatite Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 and ferrite Fe3O4 were synthesized using a two-stage procedure. The first stage included the synthesis of Fe3O4 ferrite particles by co-precipitation and the synthesis of hydroxyapatite. In the second stage, the magnetic hybrid hydroxyapatite-ferrite bioceramics were synthesized by a thorough mixing of the obtained powders of carbonated hydroxyapatite and Fe3O4 ferrite taken in a certain proportion, pressing into tablets, and annealing in a carbon dioxide atmosphere for 30 min at a temperature of 1200°C. The properties of the components and hybrid particles were investigated using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The saturation magnetization of the hybrid ceramic composite containing 20 wt % Fe3O4 was found to be 12 emu/g. The hybrid hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2)-ferrite Fe3O4 ceramics, which are promising for the use in magnetotransport and hyperthermia treatment, were synthesized and investigated for the first time.

  15. Synthesis and characterization of surface-modified Fe3O4 super-paramagnetic nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhan-jie; Ma, Jia; Xu, Shuang-bing; Ren, Jing-hua; Qin, You; Huang, Jing; Yang, Kun-yu; Zhang, Zhi-ping; Wu, Gang

    2014-04-01

    Aqueous dispersion and stability of Fe3O4 nanoparticles remain an issue unresolved since aggregation of naked iron nanoparticles in water. In this study, we successfully synthesized different Fe3O4 super-paramagnetic nanoparticles which were modified by three kinds of materials [DSPE-MPEG2000, TiO2 and poly acrylic acid (PAA)] and further detected their characteristics. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) clearly showed sizes and morphology of the four kinds of nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction (XRD) proved successfully coating of the three kinds of nanoparticles and their structures were maintained. Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) verified that their magnetic properties fitted for the super-paramagnetic function. More importantly, the particle size analysis indicated that Fe3O4@PAA had a better size distribution, biocompatibility, stability and dispersion than the other two kinds of nanoparticles. In addition, using CNE2 cells as a model, we found that all nanoparticles were nontoxic. Taken together, our data suggest that Fe3O4@PAA nanoaparticles are superior in the application of biomedical field among the four kinds of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the future.

  16. Microwave absorption behavior of ZnO whisker modified by nanosized Fe3O4 particles.

    PubMed

    Hu, Shuchun; Wu, Guofeng; Huang, Zhenhao; Chen, Xiaolang

    2010-11-01

    Tetra-needle-like ZnO whisker was magnetic modified through in situ synthesis of nanosized Fe3O4 particles on the surface of the whisker, and the microwave absorption behavior of the as-prepared product was investigated in detail. The result of the comparative microwave absorbing experiment showed that the magnetic modified ZnO whisker appeared more superior property of microwave absorption than that of the original ZnO whisker in 2-18 GHz. Further investigation indicated that the microwave absorption behavior of the product was influenced by ferrite content and Fe3O4 particles' distribution in the product. When the ferrite content of the product changed from 2 wt% to 9 wt%, the microwave absorbing ability of the product was increased; then, the microwave absorbing ability of the product decreased with the further increasing of ferrite content from 9 wt% to 16 wt%. The product with uniform distribution of Fe3O4 particles showed better microwave absorption property than that with irregular distribution of Fe3O4 particles, and this result inferred that the biphase interface between ZnO and Fe3O4 contributed to microwave absorption through interface polarization.

  17. Hydrothermal synthesis of magnetic Fe3O4/graphene composites with good electromagnetic microwave absorbing performances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Lingyu; Zeng, Xiaojun; Li, Xiaopan; Yang, B.; Yu, Ronghai

    2017-03-01

    The Fe3O4 sub-microspheres have been embedded uniformly into the reduced graphene oxide (rGO) to form a new-type Fe3O4/rGO composites through a one-pot solvothermal method. The dielectric properties for these magnetic Fe3O4/rGO composites can be greatly tuned by their different rGO additions. A good impedance matching from the balanced dielectric and magnetic loss is achieved in the Fe3O4/rGO composites with 4 wt% rGO addition, which dominates their excellent microwave absorbing performances including the minimum reflection loss (RL) value of -45 dB at a frequency of 8.96 GHz with a sample thickness of 3.5 mm and an effective absorption bandwidth of 3.2 GHz (below -10 dB) superior to those of the most magnetic materials and carbon-based composites. The controlled Fe3O4/rGO composite structure also exhibits high chemical stability and low density, which shows great potential application in high-performance electromagnetic microwave-absorbing materials.

  18. Signal amplification for DNA detection based on the HRP-functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Dong, Xiao-Ya; Mi, Xiao-Na; Wang, Bo; Xu, Jing-Juan; Chen, Hong-Yuan

    2011-04-15

    An electrochemical approach for the sensitive detection of sequence-specific DNA has been developed. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) assembled on the Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs) were utilized as signal amplification sources. High-content HRP was adsorbed on the Fe(3)O(4) NPs via layer-by-layer (LbL) technique to prepare HRP-functionalized Fe(3)O(4) NPs. Signal probe and diluting probe were then immobilized on the HRP-functionalized Fe(3)O(4) NPs through the bridge of Au NPs. Thereafter, the resulting DNA-Au-HRP-Fe(3)O(4) (DAHF) bioconjugates were successfully anchored to the gold nanofilm (GNF) modified electrode surface for the construction of sandwich-type electrochemical DNA biosensor. The electrochemical behaviors of the prepared biosensor had been investigated by the cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (i-t), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Under optimal conditions, the proposed strategy could detect the target DNA down to the level of 0.7 fmol with a dynamic range spanning 4 orders of magnitude and exhibited excellent discrimination to two-base mismatched DNA and non-complementary DNA sequences.

  19. Polylactide-based polyurethane shape memory nanocomposites (Fe3O4/PLAUs) with fast magnetic responsiveness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gu, Shu-Ying; Jin, Sheng-Peng; Gao, Xie-Feng; Mu, Jian

    2016-05-01

    Polylactide-based polyurethane shape memory nanocomposites (Fe3O4/PLAUs) with fast magnetic responsiveness are presented. For the purpose of fast response and homogeneous dispersion of magnetic nanoparticles, oleic acid was used to improve the dispersibility of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in a polymer matrix. A homogeneous distribution of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the polymer matrix was obtained for nanocomposites with low Fe3O4 loading content. A small agglomeration was observed for nanocomposites with 6 wt% and 9 wt% loading content, leading to a small decline in the mechanical properties. PLAU and its nanocomposites have glass transition around 52 °C, which can be used as the triggering temperature. PLAU and its nanocomposites have shape fixity ratios above 99%, shape recovery ratios above 82% for the first cycle and shape recovery ratios above 91% for the second cycle. PLAU and its nanocomposites also exhibit a fast water bath or magnetic responsiveness. The magnetic recovery time decreases with an increase in the loading content of Fe3O4 nanoparticles due to an improvement in heating performance for increased weight percentage of fillers. The nanocomposites have fast responses in an alternating magnetic field and have potential application in biomedical areas such as intravascular stent.

  20. Functionalized Magnetic Fe3O4-β-Cyclodextran Nanoparticles for Efficient Removal of Bilirubin.

    PubMed

    Han, Lulu; Chu, Simin; Wei, Houliang; Ren, Jun; Xu, Li; Jia, Lingyun

    2016-06-01

    Bilirubin (BR), as a lipophilic toxin, can binds and deposits in various tissues, especially the brain tissue, leading to hepatic coma and even death. Magnetic nanoparticles adsorbent modified by β-cyclodextran (Fe3O4-β-CD) was developed to remove the BR from the plasma. Fe3O4-β-CD nanoparticles was prepared through Schiff base reaction between the polyethylenimine (PEI)-modified Fe3O4 and aldehyde-functionalized β-CD, and characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Under optimized conditions, the Fe3O4-β-CD adsorbent could adsorb 225.6 mg/g free BR in PBS and reach the adsorption equilibrium within 90 min mainly through hydrophobic interaction; Moreover, the adsorbent displayed better adsorption capability in a dialysis system for BSA-bound bilirubin, plasma bilirubin and total bile acid, and the removal rates of those were 66%, 31% and 41% respectively. Because of the advantages of fast separation and purification process, low preparation cost, good adsorption capability for plasma bilirubin, Fe3O4-β-CD may become an economical and promising absorbent of BR for clinical applications.

  1. Nanoparticle size matters in the formation of plasma protein coronas on Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Hu, Zhengyan; Zhang, Hongyan; Zhang, Yi; Wu, Ren'an; Zou, Hanfa

    2014-09-01

    When nanoparticles (NPs) enter into biological systems, proteins would interact with NPs to form the protein corona that can critically impact the biological identity of the nanomaterial. Owing to their fundamental scientific interest and potential applications, Fe3O4 NPs of different sizes have been developed for applications in cell separation and protein separation and as contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), etc. Here, we investigated whether nanoparticle size affects the formation of protein coronas around Fe3O4 NPs. Both the identification and quantification results demonstrated that particle size does play an important role in the formation of plasma protein coronas on Fe3O4 NPs; it not only influenced the protein composition of the formed plasma protein corona but also affected the abundances of the plasma proteins within the coronas. Understanding the different binding profiles of human plasma proteins on Fe3O4 NPs of different sizes would facilitate the exploration of the bio-distributions and biological fates of Fe3O4 NPs in biological systems.

  2. Sandwich-Structured Graphene-Fe3O4@Carbon Nanocomposites for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Li; Gao, Miaomiao; Yue, Wenbo; Jiang, Yang; Wang, Yuan; Ren, Yu; Hu, Fengqin

    2015-05-13

    Advanced anode materials for high power and high energy lithium-ion batteries have attracted great interest due to the increasing demand for energy conversion and storage devices. Metal oxides (e.g., Fe3O4) usually possess high theoretical capacities, but poor electrochemical performances owing to their severe volume change and poor electronic conductivity during cycles. In this work, we develop a self-assembly approach for the synthesis of sandwich-structured graphene-Fe3O4@carbon composite, in which Fe3O4 nanoparticles with carbon layers are immobilized between the layers of graphene nanosheets. Compared to Fe3O4@carbon and bulk Fe3O4, graphene-Fe3O4@carbon composite shows superior electrochemical performance, including higher reversible capacity, better cycle and rate performances, which may be attributed to the sandwich structure of the composite, the nanosized Fe3O4, and the carbon layers on the surface of Fe3O4. Moreover, compared to the reported graphene-Fe3O4 composite, the particle size of Fe3O4 is controllable and the content of Fe3O4 in this composite can be arbitrarily adjusted for optimal performance. This novel synthesis strategy may be employed in other sandwich-structured nanocomposites design for high-performance lithium-ion batteries and other electrochemical devices.

  3. Adsorption of C.I. Reactive Red 228 and Congo Red dye from aqueous solution by amino-functionalized Fe3O4 particles: kinetics, equilibrium, and thermodynamics.

    PubMed

    Yan, Ting-guo; Wang, Li-Juan

    2014-01-01

    A magnetic adsorbent was synthesized by γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) modification of Fe(3)O(4) particles using a two-step process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and vibration sample magnetometry were used to characterize the obtained magnetic adsorbent. EDS and XPS showed that APTES polymer was successfully introduced onto the as-prepared Fe(3)O(4)/APTES particle surfaces. The saturation magnetization of the magnetic adsorbent was around 65 emu g(-1), which indicated that the dye can be removed fast and efficiently from aqueous solution with an external magnetic field. The maximum adsorption capacities of Fe(3)O(4)/APTES for C.I. Reactive Red 228 (RR 228) and Congo Red (CR) were 51.4 and 118.8 mg g(-1), respectively. The adsorption of C.I. Reactive Red 228 (RR 228) and Congo Red (CR) on Fe(3)O(4)/APTES particles corresponded well to the Langmuir model and the Freundlich model, respectively. The adsorption processes for RR 228 and CR followed the pseudo-second-order model. The Boyd's film-diffusion model showed that film diffusion also played a major role in the studied adsorption processes for both dyes. Thermodynamic study indicated that both of the adsorption processes of the two dyes are spontaneous exothermic.

  4. Tunable dielectric properties and excellent microwave absorbing properties of elliptical Fe3O4 nanorings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tong, Guoxiu; Liu, Yun; Cui, Tingting; Li, Yana; Zhao, Yanting; Guan, Jianguo

    2016-02-01

    Elliptical Fe3O4 nanorings (NRs) with continuously tunable axes that range from 40 nm to 145 nm in length were prepared through a precursor-directed synthetic route to determine the electromagnetic responses generated at 2-18 GHz. The tunability of the dielectric properties of Fe3O4 NRs depends on the long axis rather than on the specific surface area, internal stress, and grain size. Elliptical Fe3O4 NRs exhibit the excellent microwave absorbing properties due to the unique ring-like configuration, which significantly enhances permittivity, multiple scattering, oscillation resonance absorption, microantenna radiation, and interference. These findings indicate that ring-like nanostructures are promising for devising effective microwave absorbers.

  5. Sodium citrate functionalized reusable Fe3O4@TiO2 photocatalyst for water purification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Wenyu; Wu, Haoyi

    2017-10-01

    Easy-recycle photocatalysts are new materials for water treatment technologies. In order to improve the recyclable ability, we employed Fe3O4 particles, which were functionalized by sodium citrate, to serve as a substrate core to attract the deposition of a shell of TiO2 particles. When compared to the calcining process for preparing the composite, the TiO2 distributed homogeneously on the sodium citrate treated Fe3O4, forming a mesoporous shell layer. Due to the mesoporous structure, this Fe3O4@TiO2 exhibited high photocatalytic degradation activity to Rhodamine B, and it was easily recycled using a magnetic field to recover the catalyst from solution.

  6. Synthesis and Characterization of the Graphene-Fe3O4 Hybrid Composite.

    PubMed

    Myekhlai, Munkhshur; Lee, Taejin; Lee, Sinil; Kim, Junhyo; Kang, Donghoon; Noh, Jungpil; Huh, Sunchul; Chung, Hanshik; Jeong, Hyomin

    2015-03-01

    Graphene and iron oxide composites have attracted huge attention in the fields of nanoelectronics and nanodevices due to their superior magnetic and electric characteristics. However, their synthesis methods are composed of many steps and use toxic chemical reactants. Accordingly, in this study, a GN-Fe3O4 NP hybrid composite was prepared using an eco-friendly and facile method. Its morphological and structural characteristics were then investigated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometer and UV-visible spectroscopy. The results indicated that the GN structures as well as Fe3O4 NPs were significantly associated with the composite of GN-Fe3O4 NPs.

  7. Synthesis of cytocompatible Fe3O4@ZSM-5 nanocomposite as magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Atashi, Zahra; Divband, Baharak; Keshtkar, Ahmad; Khatamian, Maasoumeh; Farahmand-Zahed, Farzane; Nazarlo, Ali Kiani; Gharehaghaji, Nahideh

    2017-09-01

    In this study, ZSM-5 nano zeolite was used as a support material for iron oxide nanoparticles and the potential ability of the nanocomposite for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent was investigated. The nanocomposite was synthesized by hydrothermal method and characterized using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. MRI was carried out by use of a 1.5 Tesla clinical scanner. The T2 weighted images were prepared and the r2 relaxivity was calculated. The sizes of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and related nanocomposite were 13-24 nm and 80-150 nm, respectively. Results of MTT assay confirmed that the prepared nanocomposite is cytocompatible. The r2 relaxivity of the Fe3O4@ZSM-5 nanocomposite was 457.1 mM-1 s-1. This study suggests that the Fe3O4@ZSM-5 nanocomposite has potential to use as an MRI T2 contrast agent.

  8. Conjugating folate on superparamagnetic Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles using click chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Xiaofang; Ge, Zhaoqiang; Pang, Yuehong

    2015-02-01

    Gold-coated magnetic core@shell nanoparticles, which exhibit magneto-optical properties, not only enhance the chemical stability of core and biocompatibility of surface, but also provide a combination of multimodal imaging and therapeutics. The conjugation of these tiny nanoparticles with specific biomolecules allows researchers to target the desired location. In this paper, superparamagnetic Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles were synthesized and functionalized with the azide group on the surface by formation of self-assembled monolayers. Folate (FA) molecules, non-immunogenic target ligands for cancer cells, are conjugated with alkyne and then immobilized on the azide-terminated Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles through copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (click reaction). Myelogenous leukemia K562 cells were used as a folate receptor (FR) model, which can be targeted and extracted by magnetic field after interaction with the Fe3O4@Au-FA nanoparticles.

  9. Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of Ag/Fe3O4 nanocomposites synthesized using starch.

    PubMed

    Ghaseminezhad, Seyedeh Masumeh; Shojaosadati, Seyed Abbas

    2016-06-25

    Ag/Fe3O4 nanocomposites were successfully synthesized by a facile and cost-effective method using starch. Starch acts as both a biocompatible capping agent for Fe3O4 nanoparticles and a reducing agent for the reduction of silver ions in an alkaline medium. Samples were characterized using several analytical techniques including field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), and Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The vibrating sample magnetometer revealed that the nanocomposites were superparamagnetic. The Ag/Fe3O4 nanocomposites demonstrated a high-antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli as evaluated by means of minimum inhibitory concentration. The characteristics and antibacterial activity of the nanocomposites were significantly influenced by the concentration of silver nitrate and pH.

  10. Tunable fluorescence enhancement based on bandgap-adjustable 3D Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Fei; Gao, Suning; Zhu, Lili; Liao, Fan; Yang, Lulu; Shao, Mingwang

    2016-06-01

    Great progress has been made in fluorescence-based detection utilizing solid state enhanced substrates in recent years. However, it is still difficult to achieve reliable substrates with tunable enhancement factors. The present work shows liquid fluorescence enhanced substrates consisting of suspensions of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs), which can assemble 3D photonic crystal under the external magnetic field. The photonic bandgap induced by the equilibrium of attractive magnetic force and repulsive electrostatic force between adjacent Fe3O4 NPs is utilized to enhance fluorescence intensity of dye molecules (including R6G, RB, Cy5, DMTPS-DCV) in a reversible and controllable manner. The results show that a maximum of 12.3-fold fluorescence enhancement is realized in the 3D Fe3O4 NP substrates without the utilization of metal particles for PCs/DMTPS-DCV (1.0 × 10-7 M, water fraction (f w) = 90%).

  11. Robust polymer grafted Fe3O4 nanospheres for benign removal of oil from water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Madhusudhana Reddy, P.; Chang, Chi-Jung; Chen, Jem-Kun; Wu, Meng-Ting; Wang, Chih-Feng

    2016-04-01

    Removal of oil from the oil-water mixture (O-W mixture) or oil-in-water emulsions (O/W emulsion) is highly imperative. We have fabricated two series of polymer grafted iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanospheres. The oil removal efficiency of the nanospheres was found to be dependent on the grafted amount of polymers. The polystyrene grafted Fe3O4 nanospheres have shown better oil removal efficiency than the corresponding poly(butyl acrylate) grafted Fe3O4 nanospheres. The higher amount of grafted polystyrene can provide more hydrophobic character to FS series nanospheres. The FS series nanospheres exhibited higher oil-absorption capability than FB series nanospheres. Both the series of nanospheres can be recycled by simple washing method. The present results can pave the way to fabricate the robust materials for efficient absorption of various oils or organic solvents from both the oil-water mixture and oil-water emulsion.

  12. Structure determination of (Fe3O4)n+(n = 1 - 3) clusters via DFT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yanhua; Cai, Congzhong; Zhao, Chengjun; Gu, Yonghong

    2016-07-01

    In virtue of the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm, the global minimum candidate structures with the lowest energy for (Fe3O4)n(n = 1 - 3) clusters were obtained by first-principles structural searches. The geometric structures and spin configurations of three cationic (Fe3O4)n+(n = 1 - 3) clusters have been identified for the first time by comparing the experimental IR spectra with the calculated results from density functional theory by using different exchange-correlation functionals. It is found that the lowest energy structures of these clusters are of a shape of hat, boat and tower, respectively, with a ferrimagnetic arrangement of spins, and M06L functional is more suitable for Fe3O4 clusters than other ones.

  13. Preparation of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on magnetic core/shell Fe3O4/SiO2 and Fe3O4/Ag/SiO2 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Wang, Liying; Sun, Ying; Wang, Jing; Wang, Jian; Yu, Aimin; Zhang, Hanqi; Song, Daqian

    2011-06-01

    In this paper, surface plasmon resonance biosensors based on magnetic core/shell Fe(3)O(4)/SiO(2) and Fe(3)O(4)/Ag/SiO(2) nanoparticles were developed for immunoassay. With Fe(3)O(4) and Fe(3)O(4)/Ag nanoparticles being used as seeding materials, Fe(3)O(4)/SiO(2) and Fe(3)O(4)/Ag/SiO(2) nanoparticles were formed by hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate. The aldehyde group functionalized magnetic nanoparticles provide organic functionality for bioconjugation. The products were characterized by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), transmission electronic microscopy (TEM), FTIR and UV-vis absorption spectrometry. The magnetic nanoparticles possess the unique superparamagnetism property, exceptional optical properties and good compatibilities, and could be used as immobilization matrix for goat anti-rabbit IgG. The magnetic nanoparticles can be easily immobilized on the surface of SPR biosensor chip by a magnetic pillar. The effects of Fe(3)O(4)/SiO(2) and Fe(3)O(4)/Ag/SiO(2) nanoparticles on the sensitivity of SPR biosensors were also investigated. As a result, the SPR biosensors based on Fe(3)O(4)/SiO(2) nanoparticles and Fe(3)O(4)/Ag/SiO(2) nanoparticles exhibit a response for rabbit IgG in the concentration range of 1.25-20.00 μg ml(-1) and 0.30-20.00 μg ml(-1), respectively.

  14. Green synthesis and characterization of superparamagnetic Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Wensheng; Shen, Yuhua; Xie, Anjian; Zhang, Weiqiang

    2010-07-01

    In this paper, we have first demonstrated a facile and green synthetic approach for preparing superparamagnetic Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles using α- D-glucose as the reducing agent and gluconic acid (the oxidative product of glucose) as stabilizer and dispersant. The X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS), and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) results showed that the inverse spinel structure pure phase polycrystalline Fe 3O 4 was obtained. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results exhibited that Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles were roughly spherical shape and its average size was about 12.5 nm. The high-resolution TEM (HRTEM) result proved that the nanoparticles were structurally uniform with a lattice fringe spacing about 0.25 nm, which corresponded well with the values of 0.253 nm of the (3 1 1) lattice plane of the inverse spinel Fe 3O 4 obtained from the JCPDS database. The superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) results revealed that the blocking temperature ( Tb) was 190 K, and that the magnetic hysteresis loop at 300 K showed a saturation magnetization of 60.5 emu/g, and the absence of coercivity and remanence indicated that the as-synthesized Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles had superparamagnetic properties. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectrum displayed that the characteristic band of Fe-O at 569 cm -1 was indicative of Fe 3O 4. This method might provide a new, mild, green, and economical concept for the synthesis of other nanomaterials.

  15. Hydrothermal fabrication of octahedral-shaped Fe3O4 nanoparticles and their magnetorheological response

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jung, H. S.; Choi, H. J.

    2015-05-01

    Octahedral-shaped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized in the presence of 1,3-diaminopropane using a hydrothermal method and assessed as a potential magnetorheological (MR) material. Their morphology, crystal structure, and magnetic properties were examined by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and vibrating sample magnetometry, respectively. The MR characteristics of the octahedral-shaped, Fe3O4 nanoparticle-based MR particles when dispersed in silicone oil with a 10 vol. % particle concentration were examined using a rotational rheometer under an external magnetic field. The resulting MR fluids exhibited a Bingham-like behavior with a distinctive yield stress from their flow curves.

  16. Controlled assembly of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles on graphene oxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yi; Chen, Biao; Zhang, Liming; Huang, Jie; Chen, Fenghua; Yang, Zupei; Yao, Jianlin; Zhang, Zhijun

    2011-04-01

    We describe a facile approach to controllable assembly of monodisperse Fe3O4nanoparticles (NPs) on chemically reduced graphene oxide (rGO). First, reduction and functionalization of GO by polyetheylenimine (PEI) were achieved simultaneously by simply heating the PEI and GO mixture at 60 °C for 12 h. The process is environmentally friendly and convenient compared with previously reported methods. Meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinnic acid (DMSA)-modified Fe3O4 NPs were then conjugated to the PEI moiety which is located on the periphery of the GO sheets via formation of amide bonds between COOH groups of DMSA molecules bound on the surface of the Fe3O4 NPs and aminegroups of PEI. The magnetic GO composites were characterized by means of TEM, AFM, UV-vis, FTIR, Raman, TGA, and VSM measurements. Finally, preliminary results of using the Fe3O4-rGO composites for efficient removal of tetracycline, an antibiotic that is often found as a contaminant in the environment, are reported.We describe a facile approach to controllable assembly of monodisperse Fe3O4nanoparticles (NPs) on chemically reduced graphene oxide (rGO). First, reduction and functionalization of GO by polyetheylenimine (PEI) were achieved simultaneously by simply heating the PEI and GO mixture at 60 °C for 12 h. The process is environmentally friendly and convenient compared with previously reported methods. Meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinnic acid (DMSA)-modified Fe3O4 NPs were then conjugated to the PEI moiety which is located on the periphery of the GO sheets via formation of amide bonds between COOH groups of DMSA molecules bound on the surface of the Fe3O4 NPs and aminegroups of PEI. The magnetic GO composites were characterized by means of TEM, AFM, UV-vis, FTIR, Raman, TGA, and VSM measurements. Finally, preliminary results of using the Fe3O4-rGO composites for efficient removal of tetracycline, an antibiotic that is often found as a contaminant in the environment, are reported. Electronic supplementary information

  17. Magnetically separable Fe3O4@DOPA??Pd: a heterogeneous catalyst for aqueous Heck reaction

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Magnetically separable Fe3O4@DOPA??Pd catalyst has been synthesized via anchoring of palladium over dopamine-coated magnetite via co-ordinate interactionand the catalyst is utilized for expeditious Heck coupling in aqueous media.This dataset is associated with the following publication:Baig, N., J. Leazer , and R. Varma. Magnetically Separable Fe3O4@DOPA-Pd: A Heterogeneous Catalyst for Aqueous Heck Reaction. CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, USA, 17(7): 2073-2077, (2015).

  18. Fabrication of 3-methoxyphenol sensor based on Fe3O4 decorated carbon nanotube nanocomposites for environmental safety: Real sample analyses.

    PubMed

    Rahman, Mohammed M; Hussain, Mohammad Musarraf; Asiri, Abdullah M

    2017-01-01

    Iron oxide ornamented carbon nanotube nanocomposites (Fe3O4.CNT NCs) were prepared by a wet-chemical process in basic means. The optical, morphological, and structural characterizations of Fe3O4.CNT NCs were performed using FTIR, UV/Vis., FESEM, TEM; XEDS, XPS, and XRD respectively. Flat GCE had been fabricated with a thin-layer of NCs using a coating binding agent. It was performed for the chemical sensor development by a dependable I-V technique. Among all interfering analytes, 3-methoxyphenol (3-MP) was selective towards the fabricated sensor. Increased electrochemical performances for example elevated sensitivity, linear dynamic range (LDR) and continuing steadiness towards selective 3-MP had been observed with chemical sensor. The calibration graph found linear (R2 = 0.9340) in a wide range of 3-MP concentration (90.0 pM ~ 90.0 mM). The limit of detection and sensitivity were considered as 1.0 pM and 9×10-4 μAμM-1cm-2 respectively. The prepared of Fe3O4.CNT NCs by a wet-chemical progression is an interesting route for the development of hazardous phenolic sensor based on nanocomposite materials. It is also recommended that 3-MP sensor is exhibited a promising performances based on Fe3O4.CNT NCs by a facile I-V method for the significant applications of toxic chemicals for the safety of environmental and health-care fields.

  19. Deposition of nano Fe3O4@mZrO2 onto exfoliated graphite oxide sheets and its application for removal of amaranth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Hualin; Chen, Pinghua; Zhang, Weibo; Luo, Shenglian; Luo, Xubiao; Au, Chaktong (Peter); Li, Menglin

    2014-10-01

    Herein we report a novel method to exfoliate graphite to thin structure by depositing nanoparticles. Graphite was oxidated to graphite oxide (GO), and then nano Fe3O4@mZrO2 was loaded and inserted between GO sheets as GO being reduced to reduced graphite oxide (rGO) in one step by hydro-thermal co-precipitation. As-obtained nanocomposite Fe3O4@mZrO2/rGO was characterized by SEM, TEM, AFM, FT-IR, BET, XRD, VSM and EDX techniques. The microscopic studies show the thickness of Fe3O4@mZrO2/rGO sheet is significant thinner than that of rGO sheet. Evidences indicate the presence of nano Fe3O4@mZrO2 effectively preserves rGO sheets from stacking and forming thick structure. Amaranth was used as a model contamination to investigate the adsorption ability of the nanocomposite due to its hazardness. It shows effective adsorption ability. Based on all the evidence shown in studies, a possible mechanism for the adsorbent composing and its amaranth adsorption was postulated.

  20. Synergetic signal amplification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes-Fe3O4 hybrid and trimethyloctadecylammonium bromide as a highly sensitive detection platform for tetrabromobisphenol A

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Feng; Wang, Yue; Wu, Wei; Jing, Tao; Mei, Surong; Zhou, Yikai

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we fabricated an electrochemical sensor based on trimethyloctadecylammonium bromide and multi-walled carbon nanotubes-Fe3O4 hybrid (TOAB/MWCNTs-Fe3O4) for sensitive detection of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA). The nanocomposite was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques. The electrochemical behaviors of TBBPA on TOAB/MWCNTs-Fe3O4 composite film modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) method. The experimental results indicated that the incorporation of MWCNTs-Fe3O4 with TOAB greatly enhanced the electrochemical response of TBBPA. This fabricated sensor displayed excellent analytical performance for TBBPA detection over a range from 3.0 nM to 1000.0 nM with a detection limit of 0.73 nM (S/N = 3). Moreover, the proposed electrochemical sensor exhibited good reproducibility and stability, and could be successfully applied to detect TBBPA in water samples with satisfactory results. PMID:27897238

  1. Synergetic signal amplification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes-Fe3O4 hybrid and trimethyloctadecylammonium bromide as a highly sensitive detection platform for tetrabromobisphenol A

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Feng; Wang, Yue; Wu, Wei; Jing, Tao; Mei, Surong; Zhou, Yikai

    2016-11-01

    In this work, we fabricated an electrochemical sensor based on trimethyloctadecylammonium bromide and multi-walled carbon nanotubes-Fe3O4 hybrid (TOAB/MWCNTs-Fe3O4) for sensitive detection of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA). The nanocomposite was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques. The electrochemical behaviors of TBBPA on TOAB/MWCNTs-Fe3O4 composite film modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) method. The experimental results indicated that the incorporation of MWCNTs-Fe3O4 with TOAB greatly enhanced the electrochemical response of TBBPA. This fabricated sensor displayed excellent analytical performance for TBBPA detection over a range from 3.0 nM to 1000.0 nM with a detection limit of 0.73 nM (S/N = 3). Moreover, the proposed electrochemical sensor exhibited good reproducibility and stability, and could be successfully applied to detect TBBPA in water samples with satisfactory results.

  2. Determination of the Phase Boundary Fe3O4 - h-Fe3O4 at high Temperature and Pressure using in situ Synchroton Radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schollenbruch, K.; Woodland, A. B.; Frost, D. J.; Wang, Y.; Sanehira, T.

    2009-12-01

    Magnetite is an important accessory mineral in the Earth’s mantle and its rare occurrence as inclusions in diamonds means that this phase has a direct relevance to geochemical processes in the deep earth. For this reason it is important to define its thermodynamic behaviour at high P and T. Magnetite transforms to an orthorhombic high-pressure phase (h-Fe3O4) at room T and ~25 GPa, however the reaction is very sluggish and h-Fe3O4 is unquenchable, complicating the determination of the exact position of the phase boundary at low T. For this reason the phase transition has been investigated by a combination of a multianvil press and in situ X-ray diffraction measurements performed at the Advanced Photo Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory, U.S.A.. With this setup, pressure can be monitored during an experiment, allowing different P-T trajectories to be employed (i.e. pressurisation at high T) compared to conventional methods. Experiments were performed up to 15 GPa and 1400°C. A series of measurements during pressurisation at different temperatures revealed, that diffraction peaks related to h-Fe3O4 appeared at the expense of magnetite peaks at about 10 GPa. At the onset of the phase transition, the pressure decreased slightly due to pressure buffering from the 7% volume reduction attending the transition. However, the strongest magnetite reflections remained even at the highest P and T, underlining the sluggishness of the reaction. Measurements made while tracking down P at high T provided reversals, where the regrowth of magnetite diffraction peaks were observed. Once formed, h-Fe3O4 remains metastable down to nearly ambient conditions. Post-experiment TEM investigation revealed extensive twinning and other microstructures, confirming the interpretation of Frost et al. (2001), that such structures formed during the reconversion to magnetite at low pressure. Our high P-T experiments indicate a nearly isobaric phase boundary over a range of 800-1400

  3. Lightweight, multifunctional polyetherimide/graphene@Fe3O4 composite foams for shielding of electromagnetic pollution.

    PubMed

    Shen, Bin; Zhai, Wentao; Tao, Mimi; Ling, Jianqiang; Zheng, Wenge

    2013-11-13

    Novel high-performance polyetherimide (PEI)/graphene@Fe3O4 (G@Fe3O4) composite foams with flexible character and low density of about 0.28-0.4 g/cm(3) have been developed by using a phase separation method. The obtained PEI/G@Fe3O4 foam with G@Fe3O4 loading of 10 wt % exhibited excellent specific EMI shielding effectiveness (EMI SE) of ~41.5 dB/(g/cm(3)) at 8-12 GHz. Moreover, most the applied microwave was verified to be absorbed rather than being reflected back, resulting from the improved impedance matching, electromagnetic wave attenuation, as well as multiple reflections. Meanwhile, the resulting foams also possessed a superparamagnetic behavior and low thermal conductiviy of 0.042-0.071 W/(m K). This technique is fast, highly reproducible, and scalable, which may facilitate the commercialization of such composite foams and generalize the use of them as EMI shielding materials in the fields of spacecraft and aircraft.

  4. Au doping effect on the electrical and magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahmood, Asif; Ramay, Shahid Mahmood; Al-Zaghayer, Yousef S.; Alhazaa, A. N.; Al Masary, Waheed A.; Atiq, Shahid

    2015-12-01

    Impurities free ferromagnetic Fe3O4 was prepared via sol-gel auto-combustion method and then gold was doped with various concentrations 1, 3 and 5 wt.% using conventional deposition-precipitation method. All samples of Fe3O4 with/without Au doping were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The room temperature magnetic hysteresis loops of all the samples were measured using a physical property measuring system (PPMS), and the results showed a ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature. The results obtained confirmed the fabrication of magnetite-gold composite nanoparticles. The results showed that the resistance and the magnetic behavior of the samples decrease sharply with the increase of Au concentration indicating semiconducting behavior. The saturation magnetization (Ms) of the bare Fe3O4 sample (94.72 emu/g) is much higher than that (66.78 emu/g) of the 5 wt.% Au-doped Fe3O4 sample.

  5. Preparation and characterization of spindle-like Fe3O4 mesoporous nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Magnetic spindle-like Fe3O4 mesoporous nanoparticles with a length of 200 nm and diameter of 60 nm were successfully synthesized by reducing the spindle-like α-Fe2O3 NPs which were prepared by forced hydrolysis method. The obtained samples were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, attenuated total reflection fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption analysis techniques. The results show that α-Fe2O3 phase transformed into Fe3O4 phase after annealing in hydrogen atmosphere at 350°C. The as-prepared spindle-like Fe3O4 mesoporous NPs possess high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area up to ca. 7.9 m2 g-1. In addition, the Fe3O4 NPs present higher saturation magnetization (85.2 emu g-1) and excellent magnetic response behaviors, which have great potential applications in magnetic separation technology. PMID:21711591

  6. A facile solvothermal synthesis of octahedral Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    DOE PAGES

    DuChene, Joseph S.; Qiu, Jingjing; Graham, Jeremy O.; ...

    2015-01-26

    Anisotropic Fe3O4 octahedrons are obtained via a simple solvothermal synthesis with appropriate sizes for various technological applications. Here, a complete suite of materials characterization methods confirms the magnetite phase for these structures, which exhibit substantial saturation magnetization and intriguing morphologies for a wide range of applications.

  7. Controllable synthesis and characterization of Fe3O4/Au composite nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xing, Yan; Jin, Yan-Yan; Si, Jian-Chao; Peng, Ming-Li; Wang, Xiao-Fang; Chen, Chao; Cui, Ya-Li

    2015-04-01

    Fe3O4/Au composite nanoparticles (GoldMag NPs) have received considerable attention because of their advantageous properties arisen from both individual Au and Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Many efforts have been devoted to the synthesis of these composite nanoparticles. Herein, GoldMag NPs were reported to be synthesized by two-step method. Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by co-precipitation and modified by the citric acid, and then citric acid-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were used as seeds in sodium citrate solution to reduce the HAuCl4. The size of obtained nanoparticles was geared from 25 to 300 nm by controlling the concentration of reactants. The GoldMag NPs were characterized by UV-vis spectrometer, dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The GoldMag NPs showed good superparamagnetism at room temperature and were well dispersed in water with surface plasmon resonance absorption peak varied from 538 nm to 570 nm.

  8. Adsorption mechanism of magnetically separable Fe3O4/graphene oxide hybrids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ouyang, Ke; Zhu, Chuanhe; Zhao, Ya; Wang, Leichao; Xie, Shan; Wang, Qun

    2015-11-01

    A reclaimable Fe3O4/graphene oxide (GO) magnetic hybrid was successfully synthesized via a facile one-pot polyol approach and employed as a recyclable adsorbent for Bisphenol A (BPA) in aqueous solutions. The maximum adsorption capacity (qm) of the Fe3O4/GO hybrid for BPA was 72.80 mg/g at 273 K. The kinetics of the adsorption process and the adsorption isotherm data were fitted using the Freundlich equation and a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The results of the thermodynamic parameters ΔH°, ΔS° and ΔG° showed that the adsorption process was exothermic and spontaneous. Furthermore, the reusability of the samples was investigated, and the results indicated that the samples exhibited high stability. The magnetic characterization demonstrated that hybrids were superparamagnetic and could be recovered conveniently by magnetic separation. The strong π-π interaction was determined to be the predominant driving force behind the adsorption of BPA onto the Fe3O4/GO hybrid. Therefore, the Fe3O4/GO hybrid could be regarded as a potential adsorbent for wastewater treatment and purification processes.

  9. Synthesis and studies of trisubstituted biphthalonitrile/Fe3O4 magnetic hybrid microspheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamzin, A. S.; Liu, X. B.

    2016-10-01

    New trisubstituted biphthalonitrile/magnetite (TSB/Fe3O4) magnetic hybrid microspheres were synthesized from TSB and FeCl3 · 6H2O using the method of one-stage thermal temperature crystallization of solvents. The morphology and structure of magnetic hybrid microspheres were inspected using a scanning electron microscope, IR Fourier spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. It was found that the grown TSB/Fe3O4 magnetic hybrid microspheres represent spherical particles with an average size of 137 nm and a small size spread. The size and size distribution of magnetic hybrid microspheres can be controlled by a small change in the ratio of TSB and Fe3+ ion contents in the microsphere. TSB/Fe3O4 hybrid microspheres exhibit a rather high saturation magnetization (58.16 emu g-1) and new microwave electromagnetic properties, i.e., lower (in comparison with published) dielectric losses at low frequencies; magnetic losses are increased obviously due to an increase in the TSB content. Furthermore, it is detected that magnetic hybrid microspheres absorb microwaves, and strong reflection losses in a wide frequency range are established. The effective reflection loss of-31 dB is obtained in the microwave range from 2 to 16 GHz due to TSB content variations. Wide absorption properties of microwaves along with regular spherical shape and excellent magnetic properties offer wide opportunities for various applications of TSB/Fe3O4 magnetic hybrid microspheres as functional materials.

  10. Green synthesis of soya bean sprouts-mediated superparamagnetic Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Yan; Shen, Yuhua; Xie, Anjian; Li, Shikuo; Wang, Xiufang

    2010-10-01

    Superparamagnetic Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles were first synthesized via soya bean sprouts (SBS) templates under ambient temperature and normal atmosphere. The reaction process was simple, eco-friendly, and convenient to handle. The morphology and crystalline phase of the nanoparticles were determined from scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra. The effect of SBS template on the formation of Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles was investigated using X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The results indicate that spherical Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles with an average diameter of 8 nm simultaneously formed on the epidermal surface and the interior stem wall of SBS. The SBS are responsible for size and morphology control during the whole formation of Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles. In addition, the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) results indicate the products are superparamagnetic at room temperature, with blocking temperature ( TB) of 150 K and saturation magnetization of 37.1 emu/g.

  11. Controlled synthesis of Fe3O4/ZIF-8 nanoparticles for magnetically separable nanocatalysts.

    PubMed

    Pang, Fei; He, Mingyuan; Ge, Jianping

    2015-04-27

    Fe3O4/ZIF-8 nanoparticles were synthesized through a room-temperature reaction between 2-methylimidazolate and zinc nitrate in the presence of Fe3O4 nanocrystals. The particle size, surface charge, and magnetic loading can be conveniently controlled by the dosage of Zn(NO3)2 and Fe3O4 nanocrystals. The as-prepared particles show both good thermal stability (stable to 550 °C) and large surface area (1174 m(2) g(-1)). The nanoparticles also have a superparamagnetic response, so that they can strongly respond to an external field during magnetic separation and disperse back into the solution after withdrawal of the magnetic field. For the Knoevenagel reaction, which is catalyzed by alkaline active sites on external surface of catalyst, small Fe3O4/ZIF-8 nanoparticles show a higher catalytic activity. At the same time, the nanocatalysts can be continuously used in multiple catalytic reactions through magnetic separation, activation, and redispersion with little loss of activity.

  12. Magnetically Separable Fe3O4/SnO2/Graphene Adsorbent for Waste Water Removal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paramarta, V.; Taufik, A.; Saleh, R.

    2017-05-01

    Our previous study conducted the SnO2 and SnO2/graphene adsorption efficiency in Methylene Blue removal from aqueous solution, however, the difficulty of adsorbent separation from the methylene blue solution limits its efficiency. Therefore, in this work, SnO2 and SnO2/graphene was combined with Fe3O4 to improve the separation process and adsorption performance for removing the organic dyes. Fe3O4/SnO2/grapheme were synthesized by using the co-precipitation method. The graphene content was varied from 1, 3, and 5 weight percent (wt%). The crystalline phase and thermal stability of the samples were characterized by using X- ray Diffraction (XRD) and Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA). The adsorption ability of the samples was investigated by using significant adsorption degradation of MB observed when the graphene in Fe3O4/SnO2 nanocomposite was added. The other parameters such as pH and initial concentration have also been investigated. The reusability was also investigated to study the stability of the samples. The fitting of equilibrium adsorption capacity result indicates that the adsorption mechanism of Fe3O4/SnO2 nanocomposite with graphene tends to follow the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model.

  13. Strong electron correlation on the Fe3O4(0 0 1) surfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pinto, Henry; Elliott, Simon D.; Foster, Adam; Nieminen, R. M.

    2007-03-01

    Magnetite Fe3O4 is a fascinating material that still is not well understood and presents challenges for the state-of-the-art computational methods. This transition metal oxide undergoes a first-order metal-insulator transition at TV=120 K. The ferrimagnetic properties of Fe3O4 makes it a promising material for spintronic applications. We use a plane wave density functional theory in the generalized gradient approximation adding a Hubbard-U parameter to describe properly the strongly correlated Fe--3d electrons. Based on previous results, we compute the surface structure, magnetic properties and electronic structure of several Fe3O4(0 0 1) surfaces with (√2x√2)R45^o reconstruction. The simulated scanning tunneling microscopy images of these surfaces are compared and discussed in the light of available experimental data. Finally, we analyze the possible existence of charge ordering on the Fe3O4(0 0 1) surface and the effect on the surface electronic structure with changing the value of the Hubbard-U parameter on the superficial Fe sites. H. Pinto, S. Elliott, J.Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 10427 (2006)

  14. Photo-catalytic properties of doped or substituted polyaniline-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Fan; Song, Weijie; Zhao, Zongshan; Cheng, Yang

    2014-10-01

    In this work, doped and substituted polyaniline (PANI)-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized. The diameter of Fe3O4 core was 430 nm, and the thickness of PANI shell was 20 nm. Their photo-catalytic properties for methyl orange were investigated under natural light illumination. The photo-catalytic activity sequence of three doped PANI/Fe3O4 nanoparticles is as follows: iodine doping > without doping > graphite powder doping. This should be due to the difference of structure, conductivity, and band gap resulting from the dopants. The photo-catalytic activity of five substituted PANI/Fe3O4 nanoparticles followed the order of poly(1,2-diaminobenzene) > poly( o-toluidine) > poly(1,3-diaminobenzene) > PANI > polydiphenylamine. The effects of steric hindrance, activated ability, and conjugation of the substituents on the photo-catalytic properties were discussed. The ESR results suggested that O2 and H2O2 dissolved in the solutions were important factors on the photo-degradation, and the ·OH generated via h+-mediated pathway was the key oxidizing substance.

  15. Catalytic performance of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for cyclocondensation synthesis of thiacrown ethers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Shangxin; Chen, Yajie; Tan, Xiepeng; Song, Feng; Yue-Bun Pun, Edwin; He, Zhubing; Pu, Jixiong

    2015-01-01

    The catalytic function of nanoparticles is one the most successful applications of nanotechnologies so far. A novel and mild one-pot cyclocondensation reaction catalyzed by Fe3O4 nanoparticles is achieved for the first time in this work. By the function of those nanoparticles, the thiacrown ethers, including both 1,4-dithiane and 1,4,7-trithiacyclononane were obtained with considerable yield and turnover in a milder condition than that of the conventional routes. The excellent dehydrating ability and acid sensitivity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles were discovered in a series of experiments of esterification of DL-malic acid. The catalytic reaction mechanism of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was explored through the investigation of morphology evolution of those nanoparticles by transmission electron microscopy. Interestingly, the as-prepared big nanoparticles were decomposed into hollow or loose bounded aggregates of smaller nanoparticles after catalytic cycles. The result shown in this work claims promising utilization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with big potential in catalytic synthesis.

  16. Synthesis and characterization of magnetic opal/Fe3O4 colloidal crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carmona-Carmona, A. J.; Palomino-Ovando, M. A.; Hernández-Cristobal, Orlando; Sánchez-Mora, E.; Toledo-Solano, M.

    2017-03-01

    We report an experimental study of colloidal crystals based on SiO2 artificial opals, infiltrated with 1.34(M1), 2.03(M2) and 24.4(M3) wt% Fe3O4 nanoparticles, using the co-assembly method. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and Vibration sample magnetometer (VSM) were used to study the structural, magnetic and optical properties of the samples. At 300 K all the samples exhibit superparamagnetic behavior due to the magnetic coupling of Fe3O4 nanoparticles infiltrated into opal. However, for higher concentration of nanoparticles this strong coupling distorts the opal network. The UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and Kubelka-Munk theory were applied to determine that the energy band gap of the opal-magnetite composites can be adjusted by varying the concentration of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. This values are between the energy band gap of SiO2 and Fe3O4.

  17. Amperometric biosensor for xanthine determination based on Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Oztürk, Funda Özcan; Erden, Pınar Esra; Kaçar, Ceren; Kiliç, Esma

    2014-01-01

    An amperometric xanthine biosensor was developed based on the immobilization of xanthine oxidase (XO) into the Fe3O4 nanoparticles modified carbon paste. Electron transfer properties of unmodified and Fe3O4 nanoparticles modified carbon paste electrodes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Fe3O4 nanoparticles increased electroactive surface area of the electrode and electron transfer at solution/electrode interface. Optimum pH, nanoparticle loading and enzyme loading were found to be 6.0; 14.2% and 0.6 Unit XO respectively. Fe3O4 nanoparticles modified carbon paste enzyme electrode allowed xanthine determination at -0.20 V, thus minimizing the potential interferences from electrochemically oxidizable substances such as ascorbic acid and uric acid. A linear relationship was obtained in the concentration range from 7.4 × 10-7 mol L-1 to 7.5 × 10-5 mol L-1 and a detection limit of 2.0 × 10-7 mol L-1. The biosensor was used for determination of xanthine in urine samples and the results indicate that the biosensor is effective for the detection of xanthine.

  18. Synthesis and characterization of biocompatible Fe3O4 nanoparticles at different pH

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yusoff, A. H. M.; Salimi, Midhat Nabil; Jamlos, Mohd Faizal

    2017-04-01

    Gene therapy is a promising therapeutic approach for treating cancer but the efficiency delivery of genes to desired locations with minimal side effects remains a challenge. Here, we report on the development of magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles which the magnetism properties possessed by magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles improved the delivery process of nanoparticles to the cancer site by using the external magnetic field influence. Besides that, size of nanoparticles also played a critical role during the transportation process of nucleic acid. Thus, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared using co-precipitation method to study the effects of varied pH of solution towards the final size of nanoparticles. The characterization of all samples were done using FTIR, XRD and FESEM. In this study, the smaller primary particles size of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was produced with increased the solution pH from pH=11.33 to pH=12.15. However, remarkable large size was formed at pH greater than 12.15 due to some reason.

  19. Preparation of magnetic Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles for immobilization of lipase.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wei; Zhou, Fang; Zhang, Xiao-Yun; Li, Yue; Wang, Xiang-Yu; Xu, Xi-Ming; Zhang, Ye-Wang

    2014-04-01

    Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared with coprecipitatation method and covered with SiO2 to form the core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles. Then the nanoparticles were modified with glutaradehyde for functionalization of the surface to aldehyde groups. The transmission electron microscopy confirmed the core-shell structure and revealed that the size of the nanoparticles was around 10 nm. It was observed that the lipase was immobilized on the nanoparticles successfully from the Fourier transform infrared spectra. The immobilized lipase on Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles was characterized and compared to free enzyme. There are no significant differences observed in the optimal pH, temperature and Km before and after immobilization. However, the immobilized lipase displayed higher relative activity in the range of pH from 7.0 to 9.5. Compare with the free enzyme, the immobilized one showed higher thermal stability at temperature range from 30 to 70 degrees C, especially at high temperature. The relative activity of immobilized enzyme was 5.8 fold of the free lipase at 70 degrees C after 10 h incubation. Thus, the prepared lipase was proved to have the advantages like higher relative activity, better stability, broader pH range and easy to recovery. These results suggest that immobilization of lipase on Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles has the potential industrial applications.

  20. Chemically synthesized Au-Fe3O4 nanostructures with controlled optical and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Velasco, Victor; Muñoz, Laura; Mazarío, Eva; Menéndez, Nieves; Herrasti, Pilar; Hernando, Antonio; Crespo, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell-like, flower-like and core-shell nanostructures with different sizes ranging between 4-15 nm have been synthesized via the thermal decomposition of iron pentacarbonyl and reduction of gold salts. By means of the variation of the precursors’ molar ratio, the injection temperature and the reaction time, the optical and magnetic properties have been tailored. A strong dependence on the dielectric function of the present Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) was detected. The gold characteristic plasmon peak shifts from 525 nm (pure gold NPs) to close to 600 nm showing an electron damping in the Au NPs surrounded by Fe3O4. These NPs are ferromagnetic at low temperature, exhibiting a coercive field ranging between 85-500 Oe, whereas they behave as a superparamagnetic system above the blocking temperature, which is found to be between 18-110 K. A high magnetic anisotropy is generated in the interface of Au-Fe3O4 NPs.

  1. Operando study of Fe3O4 anodes by electrochemical atomic force microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Shuwei; Zhang, Weicong; Chen, Yuanning; Dai, Zhengwu; Zhao, Chongchong; Wang, Deyu; Shen, Cai

    2017-12-01

    Present study provided visual evidence of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer formation on Fe3O4 anode during charge and discharge using in situ electrochemical atomic force microscopy. AFM images show that SEI layer formed on Fe3O4 electrode from fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC)-based electrolyte was more stable and compact than that formed from ethylene carbonate (EC)-based electrolyte. In addition, presence of surface cracks on the electrodes indicated poor formation of an intact SEI layer. This observation was more apparent in the EC-based electrolyte. Lack of an intact SEI layer resulted in decomposition of electrolytes which were reflected by presence of large air bubbles and dendrites on the electrode during CV. Although FEC-based electrolyte improved the performance of Fe3O4 anodes in lithium ion batteries, its protective effects were far from perfect. To accelerate the application of Fe3O4 or other metal oxide anodes in lithium ion batteries, better electrolytes and sophisticated carbon coating techniques are needed.

  2. Mössbauer investigations of Fe and Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles for hyperthermia applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamzin, A. S.

    2016-03-01

    Magnetic nanoparticles of magnetite Fe3O4 and Fe synthesized by physical vapor deposition with a fast highly effective method using a solar energy have been studied. Targets have been prepared from tablets pressed from Fe3O4 or Fe powders. Relationships between the structure of nanoparticles and their magnetic properties have been investigated in order to understand principles of the control of the parameters of magnetic nanoparticles. Mössbauer investigations have revealed that the nanoparticles synthesized from tablets of both pure iron and Fe3O4 consist of two phases: pure iron and iron oxides (γ-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4). The high iron oxidability suggests that the synthesized nanoparticles have a core/shell structure, where the core is pure iron and the shell is an oxidized iron layer. Magnetite nanoparticles synthesized at a pressure of 80 Torr have the best parameters for hyperthermia due to their core/shell structure and core-to-shell volume ratio.

  3. A peroxidase biomimetic system based on Fe3O4 nanoparticles in non-enzymatic sensors.

    PubMed

    Guivar, Juan A Ramos; Fernandes, Edson G R; Zucolotto, Valtencir

    2015-08-15

    Magnetic nanoparticles have been applied in many areas of nanomedicine. Sensing platforms based on this type of nanoparticles have received attention due to the relative low cost and biocompatibility. Biosensor is the most widely investigated type of analytical device. This type of sensor combines the physicochemical transduction with the incorporation of biological sensing components. Among the biological components, enzymes are the most commonly used as sensitive elements. However, natural enzymes may exhibit serious disadvantages such as lack of stability and loss of catalytic activity after immobilization. The study of enzymatic biomimetic systems are of great interest. This study reports the development of a new sensor composed of Fe3O4@CTAB and poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) films assembled via Layer-by-Layer (LbL) technique and used as peroxidase mimetic systems. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNps) were synthesized using thermal decomposition method and further dispersed to aqueous medium by ligand modification reaction using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The amperometric detection limit of H2O2 was found to be ca. 103 µmol L(-1). By chronoamperometry, the peroxidase biomimetic sensor exhibited a linear response for H2O2 in the range from 100 µmol L(-1) to 1.8 mmol L(-1) (R(2) = 0.994) with sensitivity of 16 nA mol(-1) L. The apparent Michaelis-Menten constant was 5.3 mmol L(-1), comparable with some biosensors based on peroxidase enzyme. Moreover, the sensor presented a reproducibility of ca. 7.7% (n = 4) and their response (response time: 90 s) is not significantly affected in the presence of some interferents including K(+), Na(+), Cl(-), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), and Uric Acid.

  4. Fabrication and spectroscopic studies of folic acid-conjugated Fe3O4@Au core-shell for targeted drug delivery application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karamipour, Sh.; Sadjadi, M. S.; Farhadyar, N.

    2015-09-01

    Gold coated magnetite core shell is a kind of nanoparticle that include magnetic iron oxide core with a thin layer nanogold. Fe3O4-gold core-shell nanostructure can be used in biomedical applications such as magnetic bioseparation, bioimaging, targeting drug delivery and cancer treatment. In this study, the synthesis and characterization of gold coated magnetite nanoparticles were discussed. Magnetite nanoparticles with an average size of 6 nm in diameter were synthesized by the chemical co-precipitation method and gold-coated Fe3O4 core-shell nanostructures were produced with an average size of 11.5 nm in diameter by reduction of Au3+ with citrate ion in the presence of Fe3O4. Folate-conjugated gold coated magnetite nanoparticles were synthesized to targeting folate receptor that is overexpressed on the surface of cancerous cells. For this purpose, we used L-cysteine, as a bi-functional linker for attachment to gold surface and it was linked to the gold nanoparticles surface through its thiol group. Then, we conjugated amino-terminated nanoparticles to folic acid with an amide-linkage formation. These gold magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by various techniques such as X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR), UV-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) analysis. The magnetic and optical properties of Fe3O4 nanostructure were changed by gold coating and attachment of L-cysteine and folic acid to Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles.

  5. [Dechlorination degradation of 2,4-D by nanoscale Fe3O4].

    PubMed

    Fang, Guo-Dong; Si, You-Bin

    2010-06-01

    Reductive transformation of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) by nanoscale Fe3O4 was studied, and the effects of 2,4-D initial concentration, the dosage of nanoscale Fe3O4, pH and temperature on degradation rate of 2,4-D were investigated. The results showed that 48% 2,4-D with initial concentration of 10 mg/L was transformed within 48 h in the presence of 300 mg/L nanoscale Fe3O4. The degradation of 2,4-D was a reductive dechlorination process, and the concentration of chloride ion increased sharply with the degration of the 2,4-D. Disappearance of parent species and formation of reaction intermediates and products were analyzed by LC/MS. The transformation of 2,4-D followed a primary pathway of its complete reduction to phenol and a secondary pathway of sequential reductive hydrogenolysis to 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP), 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) or 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) and phenol. The degradation equations of 2,4-D by nanoscale Fe3O4 conformed to pseudo-first-order kinetics, and the reaction rate constant (K) of 4-CP, 2,4-DCP and phenol were 0.0043 h(-1), 0.0026 h(-1) and 0.0032 h(-1), respectively. The degradation rate increased with an increase in initial concentration of 2,4-D from 0 mg/L to 10 mg/L, and increasing the dosage of nanoscale Fe3O4 from 0 mg/L to 300 mg/L. The pH of reaction solution significantly influenced reductive degradation of 2,4-D, and the optimum pH value was 3.0. Besides, high temperature could improve dechlorination rate of 2,4-D.

  6. [Degradation of norfloxacin by nano-Fe3O4/H2O2].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Di; Wang, Yi-Xuan; Niu, Hong-Yun; Meng, Zhao-Fu

    2011-10-01

    The degradation of norfloxacin in aquatic environment was studied in the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and H2O2. The effects of solution pH, temperature, dose of catalysts and concentration of H2O2 on norfloxacin degradation were surveyed. The degradation behaviors of different substrates by nano-Fe3O4/H2O2 were investigated and the reaction mechanism of norfloxacin was discussed. The results showed that the reaction was strongly pH-dependent and favored in acidic solution (pH = 3.5). The removal efficiency of norfloxacin was enhanced with the increase of temperature, catalysts dosage and H2O2 concentration. The degradation efficiency of norfloxacin by nano-Fe3O4/H2O2 was significantly higher than those of sulfathiazole, phenolic and aniline compounds. In the presence of 4.4 mmol x L(-1) of H2O2, 0.80 g x L(-1) of Fe3O4 and T = 303 K, norfloxacin was degraded completely in 5 min. The F element in norfloxacin molecule existed totally as F(-) in solution within 5 min, and the removal efficiency of total organic carbon was 57% in 1 h. In the ESR spectrum of nano-Fe3O4/H2O2 system, the characteristic peaks of BMPO-*OH adduct was detected, however, the intensity of the peaks was reduced to 5% with the addition of tert-butanol, a strong *OH scavenger, and the degradation efficiency of norfloxacin was correspondingly decreased to 10% in 1 h. These results indicated that *OH played an important role on norfloxacin degradation, and the reaction proceeded based on a heterogeneous Fenton-like system.

  7. Synthesis of Fe3O4/Polyacrylonitrile Composite Electrospun Nanofiber Mat for Effective Adsorption of Tetracycline.

    PubMed

    Liu, Qing; Zhong, Lu-Bin; Zhao, Quan-Bao; Frear, Craig; Zheng, Yu-Ming

    2015-07-15

    Novel Fe3O4/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) composite nanofibers (NFs) were prepared by a simple two-step process, an electrospinning and solvothermal method. Characterization by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) demonstrated formation of a uniform nanoparticles coating (about 20 nm in thickness) on the PAN nanofiber backbone. The coating was constructed by well-crystallized cubic phase Fe3O4 nanoparticles as examined by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD). The coating doubled the specific surface area of NFs, from 8.4 to 17.8 m2 g(-1), as confirmed by nitrogen sorption isotherm analysis. To evaluate the feasibility of Fe3O4/PAN composite NFs as a potential adsorbent for antibiotic removal, batch adsorption experiments were conducted using tetracycline (TC) as the model antibiotic molecule. The results showed that Fe3O4/PAN composite NFs were effective in removing TC with no impactful loss of Fe in the pH regime of environmental interest (5-8). The adsorption of TC onto Fe3O4/PAN composite NFs better fitted the pseudo-second-order kinetics model, and the maximum adsorption capacity calculated from Langmuir isotherm model was 257.07 mg g(-1) at pH 6. The composite NFs also exhibited good regenerability over repeated adsorption/desorption cycles. Surface complexation between TC and the composite NFs contributed most to the adsorption as elucidated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). This highly effective and novel adsorbent can be easily modularized and separated, promising its huge potential in drinking and wastewater treatment for antibiotic removal.

  8. Physical properties modulation of Fe3O4/Pb(ZrTi)O3 heterostructure via Fe diffusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chichvarina, O.; Herng, T. S.; Ding, J.

    2016-03-01

    The manipulation of material properties in perovskite oxide heterojunctions has been increasingly studied, owing to their interacting lattice, charge, spin and orbital degrees of freedom. In this work, the switching, ferroelectricity and magneto-transport properties of epitaxially grown perovskite Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 layers sandwiched between Fe3O4 (top electrode) and SrRuO3 (bottom electrode) are investigated. These films show a typical ferroelectric polarization of ˜50 μC/cm2. Once the Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 films become thinner (˜30 nm), one can set (reset) the Fe3O4/Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3/SrRuO3 structures into a low (high) resistance state via formation (rupture) of an Fe-related filament in Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 through manipulation of an electric field. Interestingly, at the low-resistance state, a prominent magnetoresistance signal of ˜3% was observed. There is no magnetoresistance signal detected in the virgin Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 film (before switching), high-resistive state Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 film and Au/Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3/SrRuO3. These phenomena are attributed to the diffusion of Fe-related ions into the Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 film, turning a non-magnetic and insulating layer of perovskite Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 into a magnetic and semiconducting-like Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3. The magneto-transport properties of Fe3O4/Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3/SrRuO3 have been studied extensively. Such resistance-ferroelectric-ferromagnetic coupling in a single compound paves the way to the realization of a non-volatile multiple-state Pb(ZrTi)O3 hybrid memory, as well as new computing approaches.

  9. Efficient removal of crystal violet using Fe3O4-coated biochar: the role of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles and modeling study their adsorption behavior

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Pengfei; Hui, Cai; Azim Khan, Rashid; Du, Jingting; Zhang, Qichun; Zhao, Yu-Hua

    2015-01-01

    Biochar shows great promise for use in adsorbing pollutants. However, a process for enhancing its adsorption capacity and re-collection efficiency is yet to be further developed. Hence, in this study, we developed a type of biochar coated with magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (i.e., magnetic biochar (MBC)) and assessed its use for crystal violet (CV) adsorption as well as its recycling potential. The coating of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, which was not only on the surface, but also in the interior of biochar, performed two functions. Firstly, it produced a saturation magnetization of 61.48 emu/g, which enabled the biochar being efficiently re-collected using a magnet. Secondly, it significantly enhanced the adsorption capacity of the biochar (from 80.36 to 99.19 mg/g). The adsorption capacity of the MBC was determined to be the largest by so far (349.40 mg/g) for an initial CV concentration of 400 mg/L, pH of 6.0, and temperature of 40 °C, and the adsorption capacity of re-collected MBC was 73.31 mg/g. The adsorption of CV by the MBC was found to be a spontaneous and endothermic physical process in which the intraparticle diffusion was the limiting step. These findings inspire us to use other similar materials to tackle the menace of pollutions. PMID:26220603

  10. Micro-optical coherence tomography tracking of magnetic gene transfection via Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Shi, Wei; Liu, Xinyu; Wei, Chao; Xu, Zhichuan J; Sim, Stanley Siong Wei; Liu, Linbo; Xu, Chenjie

    2015-11-07

    Heterogeneous Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles (NPs) are composed of Au NPs and Fe3O4 NPs that bring in optical and magnetic properties respectively. This article reports the engineering of Au-Fe3O4 NPs as gene carriers for magnetic gene transfection as well as contrast agents for micro-optical coherence tomography (μOCT). As a proof-of-concept, Au-Fe3O4 NPs are used to deliver the green fluorescent protein to HEK 293T cells and their entrance into the cells is monitored through μOCT.

  11. The sacrificial role of graphene oxide in stabilising a Fenton-like catalyst GO-Fe3O4.

    PubMed

    Zubir, Nor Aida; Yacou, Christelle; Motuzas, Julius; Zhang, Xiwang; Zhao, Xiu Song; Diniz da Costa, João C

    2015-06-07

    Owing to the electron donor-acceptor properties of GO, the active sites ([triple bond, length as m-dash]Fe(2+)) of Fe3O4 are not oxidised ([triple bond, length as m-dash]Fe(3+)) in the heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction. GO plays a sacrificial role via the oxidation of (C[double bond, length as m-dash]C) carbon domains, and transferring electrons to Fe3O4. Therefore, GO-Fe3O4 confers superior catalytic efficiency, recyclability and longevity, otherwise not available in Fe3O4.

  12. Direct observation of subsurface charge ordering in Fe3O4(001) by scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hiura, Satoshi; Ikeuchi, Akira; Jochi, Masafumi; Yamazaki, Riku; Takahashi, Sotaro; Subagyo, Agus; Murayama, Akihiro; Sueoka, Kazuhisa

    2017-04-01

    In this study, we characterized Fe3O4(001) films using scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS). On the film surfaces, individual iron atoms and (\\sqrt{2} × \\sqrt{2} )R45° reconstructed structures were observed by STM. The STS results showed that the local density of states just below the Fermi level was higher in narrow sections than in wide sections of the surface reconstruction perpendicular to the iron rows. Periodic density of states modulations reproducing this electronic structure were clearly observed in the differential tunneling conductance map. These experimental results revealed the presence of subsurface charge ordering of Fe2+–Fe2+ and Fe3+–Fe3+ dimers, as proposed in previous density functional theory studies.

  13. Fe3O4 nanoparticles for magnetic hyperthermia and drug delivery; synthesis, characterization and cellular studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palihawadana Arachchige, Maheshika

    In recent years, magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), especially superparamagnetic Fe3O4nanoparticles, have attracted a great deal of attention because of their potential applications in biomedicine. Among the other applications, Magnetic hyperthermia (MHT), where localized heating is generated by means of relaxation processes in MNPs when subjected to a radio frequency magnetic field, has a great potential as a non-invasive cancer therapy treatment. Specific absorption rate (SAR), which measures the efficiency of heat generation, depends on magnetic properties of the particles such as saturation magnetization (M s), magnetic anisotropy (K), particle size distribution, magnetic dipolar interactions, and the rheological properties of the target medium.We have investigated MHT in two Fe3O4 ferrofluids prepared by co-precipitation (CP) and hydrothermal (HT) synthesis methods showing similar physical particle size distribution and Ms, but very different SAR 110 W/g and 40 W/g at room temperature. This observed reduction in SAR has been explained by taking the dipolar interactions into account using the so called T* model. Our analysis reveals that HT ferrofluid shows an order of magnitude higher effective dipolar interaction and a wider distribution of magnetic core size of MNPs compared to that of CP ferrofluid. We have studied dextran coated Gd-doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles as a potential candidate in theronostics for multimodal contrast imaging and cancer treatment by hyperthermia. The effect of surfactant on the MHT efficiency and cytotoxicity on human pancreatic cancer cells was explored as well. Though further in vivo study is necessary in the future, these results imply that the dextran coated Fe3O4 dispersion could maintain their high heating capacity in physiological environments while citric acid coating require further surface modification to reduce the non-specific protein adsorption. We have also investigated the traffic, distribution, and cytotoxicity, associated

  14. Seeded preparation of ultrathin FeS2 nanosheets from Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Tingting; Liu, Huiwen; Wu, Zhennan; Liu, Yi; Guo, Zuoxing; Zhang, Hao

    2016-06-01

    FeS2 nanomaterials with two-dimensional features hold great promise for electrochemical and photovoltaic applications. However, the preparation of ultrathin FeS2 nanosheets is still challenging because of the lack of a tailor-made approach. In this work, FeS2 nanosheets with a thickness of 2.1 nm are prepared through a Fe3O4-seeded approach. Uniform Fe3O4 nanoparticles are foremost synthesized via the standard method in organic media. The injection of a S solution leads to the replacement of O in Fe3O4 through anion-exchange, which generates (110) facet-enriched FeS2 nuclei. The subsequent (110) facet-mediated oriented attachment and fusion of FeS2 nuclei produce ultrathin FeS2 nanosheets. As catalysts in the hydrogen evolution reaction, FeS2 nanosheets exhibit good electrochemical activity.FeS2 nanomaterials with two-dimensional features hold great promise for electrochemical and photovoltaic applications. However, the preparation of ultrathin FeS2 nanosheets is still challenging because of the lack of a tailor-made approach. In this work, FeS2 nanosheets with a thickness of 2.1 nm are prepared through a Fe3O4-seeded approach. Uniform Fe3O4 nanoparticles are foremost synthesized via the standard method in organic media. The injection of a S solution leads to the replacement of O in Fe3O4 through anion-exchange, which generates (110) facet-enriched FeS2 nuclei. The subsequent (110) facet-mediated oriented attachment and fusion of FeS2 nuclei produce ultrathin FeS2 nanosheets. As catalysts in the hydrogen evolution reaction, FeS2 nanosheets exhibit good electrochemical activity. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: EDX, AFM images, small-angle XRD pattern, SAED pattern, and TEM images of FeS2 nanosheets. See DOI: 10.1039/c6nr02211a

  15. Synthesis and characterization of noble metal nanocomposites: Ag/Fe3O4/ZnO and Ag/Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO for better photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tju, H.; Prakoso, S. P.; Taufik, A.; Saleh, R.

    2017-04-01

    Nobel metal such as silver (Ag) nanoparticles have been proven could enhance photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation and prevent recombination of electron and hole. Fe3O4/ZnO and Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO has been investigated in our previous study. So in this work, a magnetic Ag/Fe3O4/ZnO and Ag/Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO nanocomposites were successfully synthesized using sol-gel method. The as-synthesized products were characterized by X-ray diffraction and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. The results showed that the nanocomposites were the combination of the desired nanoparticles. From the UV-Vis absorption spectra, we found the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) to be around ~440 nm. Under visible light irradiation, the Ag/Fe3O4/ZnO and Ag/Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO nanocomposites exhibited much higher photocatalytic activity than the Fe3O4/ZnO and Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO. The effect of catalyst dosage and initial concentration of methylene blue (MB) were also tested. To understand the mechanism in photocatalytic activity, several scavengers were tested. The reusability study suggested that the prepared nanocomposites can still maintain the degradation efficiency after four cycles, showing great potential for water purification.

  16. Magnetic C-C@Fe3O4 double-shelled hollow microspheres via aerosol-based Fe3O4@C-SiO2 core-shell particles.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Yangzhi; Li, Xiangcun; He, Gaohong; Qi, Xinhong

    2015-02-18

    Magnetic C-C@Fe3O4 hollow microspheres were prepared by using aerosol-based Fe3O4@C-SiO2 core-shell particles as templates. The magnetic double-shelled microspheres efficiently worked as carriers to load Pt nanoparticles, thus making the catalyst recyclable and reusable.

  17. Fe3O4 nanoparticles modified by CD-containing star polymer for MRI and drug delivery.

    PubMed

    Cha, Ruitao; Li, Juanjuan; Liu, Yang; Zhang, Yifan; Xie, Qian; Zhang, Mingming

    2017-06-30

    Fe3O4 nanoparticles with ultrasmall sizes show good T1 or T1+T2 contrast abilities, and have attracted considerable interest in the field of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents. For effective biomedical applications, the colloidal stability and biocompatibility of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles need to be improved without reducing MRI relaxivity. In this paper, star polymers were used as coating materials to modify Fe3O4 nanoparticles in view of their dense molecular architecture with moderate flexibility. The star polymer was composed of a β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) core and poly(2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) arms. Meanwhile, reduced glutathione (GSH), as a model drug, was also associated with the star polymer. Thus, a new platform for simultaneous diagnosis and treatment was achieved. Compared to the Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with linear polymers, the Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with star polymers (Fe3O4@GCP) possessed higher GSH association capacity and better stability in serum-containing solution. GSH could be released from Fe3O4@GCP nanoparticles in response to pH value of the solution. Since the sulfhydryl group on GSH is able to combine free radicals, Fe3O4@GCP nanoparticles exhibited less cytotoxicity compared to the Fe3O4 nanoparticles without including GSH. Furthermore, the nanoparticles could also serve as good T1 MRI contrast agent, and the MRI relaxivity of Fe3O4@GCP nanoparticles did not decrease after coated with the star polymer. These results indicate that the precisely designed Fe3O4@GCP nanoparticles could be used as a versatile promising theranostic nano-platform. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  18. A novel electrochemical biosensor based on Fe3O4 nanoparticles-polyvinyl alcohol composite for sensitive detection of glucose.

    PubMed

    Sanaeifar, Niuosha; Rabiee, Mohammad; Abdolrahim, Mojgan; Tahriri, Mohammadreza; Vashaee, Daryoosh; Tayebi, Lobat

    2017-02-15

    In this research, a new electrochemical biosensor was constructed for the glucose detection. Iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4) were synthesized through co-precipitation method. Polyvinyl alcohol-Fe3O4 nanocomposite was prepared by dispersing synthesized nanoparticles in the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) solution. Glucose oxidase (GOx) was immobilized on the PVA-Fe3O4 nanocomposite via physical adsorption. The mixture of PVA, Fe3O4 nanoparticles and GOx was drop cast on a tin (Sn) electrode surface (GOx/PVA-Fe3O4/Sn). The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Also, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) techniques were utilized to evaluate the PVA-Fe3O4 and GOx/PVA-Fe3O4 nanocomposites. The electrochemical performance of the modified biosensor was investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). Presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the PVA matrix enhanced the electron transfer between enzyme and electrode surface and the immobilized GOx showed excellent catalytic characteristic toward glucose. The GOx/PVA-Fe3O4/Sn bioelectrode could measure glucose in the range from 5 × 10(-3) to 30 mM with a sensitivity of 9.36 μA mM(-1) and exhibited a lower detection limit of 8 μM at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. The value of Michaelis-Menten constant (KM) was calculated as 1.42 mM. The modified biosensor also has good anti-interfering ability during the glucose detection, fast response (10 s), good reproducibility and satisfactory stability. Finally, the results demonstrated that the GOx/PVA-Fe3O4/Sn bioelectrode is promising in biosensor construction. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Facile synthesis of size tunable Fe3O4 nanoparticles in bisolvent system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Zhuanzhuan; Wu, Kelu; Yu, Qiao-He; Wang, Yi-Yan; Xing, Jiayi; Xia, Tian-Long

    2016-11-01

    Magnetic nanoparticle clusters with magnetization of about 80 emu/g and tunable size between 55 and 500 nm were synthesized through a bisolvent solvothermal process in the presence of ethylene glycol (EG) and diethylene glycol (DEG), triethylene glycol (TEG) or 1,2-propanediol (PG) with polyethylene glycol (PEG) or hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) as surfactant. It was found that the volume ratio of EG to the other polyol played an important role in controlling the size and morphology of Fe3O4. Effect of the concentration of Ferric chloride hexahydrate (FeCl3·6H2O) and original reactants on controlling the size of Fe3O4 particles was also discussed.

  20. Polymer (PDMS-Fe3O4) magneto-dielectric substrate for a MIMO antenna array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alqadami, Abdulrahman Shueai Mohsen; Jamlos, Mohd Faizal; Soh, Ping Jack; Kamarudin, Muhammad Ramlee

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the design of a 2 × 4 multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna array fabricated on a nanocomposite magneto-dielectric polymer substrate. The 10-nm iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) composite is used as substrate to enhance the performance of a MIMO antenna array. The measured results showed up to 40.8 % enhancement in terms of bandwidth, 9.95 dB gain, and 57 % of radiation efficiency. Furthermore, it is found that the proposed magneto-dielectric (PDMS-Fe3O4) composite substrate provides excellent MIMO parameters such as correlation coefficient, diversity gain, and mutual coupling. The prototype of the proposed antenna is transparent, flexible, lightweight, and resistant against dust and corrosion. Measured results indicate that the proposed antenna is suitable for WLAN and ultra-wideband biomedical applications within frequency range of 5.33-7.70 GHz.

  1. Composite multifunctional nanostructures based on ZnO tetrapods and superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Villani, M; Rimoldi, T; Calestani, D; Lazzarini, L; Chiesi, V; Casoli, F; Albertini, F; Zappettini, A

    2013-04-05

    A nanocomposite material is obtained by coupling superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NP) and vapor phase grown zinc oxide nanostructures with 'tetrapod' morphology (ZnO TP). The aim is the creation of a multifunctional material which retains the attractive features of ZnO (e.g. surface reactivity, strong UV emission, piezoelectricity) together with added magnetism. Structural, morphological, optical, magnetic and functional characterization are performed. In particular, the high saturation magnetization of Fe3O4 NP (above 50 A m(2) kg(-1)), the strong UV luminescence and the enhanced photocatalytic activity of coupled nanostructures are discussed. Thus the nanocomposite turns out to be suitable for applications in energy harvesting and conversion, gas- and bio-sensing, bio-medicine and filter-free photocatalysis.

  2. A sensitive choline biosensor using Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles as peroxidase mimics.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhanxia; Wang, Xiaolei; Yang, Xiurong

    2011-12-07

    A sensitive choline biosensor using Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles and a choline oxidase modified gold electrode was developed. Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles as peroxidase mimics used in the choline biosensor can not only improve the sensitivity of the response signal, but also possess the favorable properties of stability, magnetic separation and easy preparation, etc. When using the reduction currents of square wave voltammetry as the detection signals, the interferences of ascorbic acid and uric acid to the choline biosensor can be reduced effectively. The reduction currents of the square wave voltammetry were increased with the logarithm values of the choline chloride concentration (from 10(-9) to 10(-2) M), the detection limit was estimated to be 0.1 nM (S/N = 3). This choline biosensor also exhibited favorable selectivity and stability in the determination of choline chloride.

  3. Reactions of Deuterated Methanol (CD3OD) on Fe3O4(111)

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Zhisheng; Potapenko, Denis V.; Rim, Kwang T.; Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, Maria; Flynn, George; Osgood, Richard; Wen, Xiaodong; Batista, Enrique R.

    2015-01-15

    We report an experimental and theoretical investigation of the decomposition (partial oxidation) of deuterated methanol (CD3OD) on a single-crystal Fe3O4(111) surface. The crystal surface contains majority areas of a Fe-terminated Fe3O4(111) surface as well as smaller regions of O-terminated FeO(111) or biphase surface reconstruction. Our investigation uses a combination of scanning tunneling microscopy, temperature-programmed desorption, and density functional theory calculations to examine the surface reactions and adsorbates as a function of coverage. Our studies show that the reaction of methanol on this iron–oxide surface is highly sensitive to atomic-level surface reconstructions

  4. Fe3O4 nanoparticles engineered for plasmid DNA delivery to Escherichia coli

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saei, Amir Ata; Barzegari, Abolfazl; Majd, Mostafa Heidari; Asgari, Davoud; Omidi, Yadollah

    2014-08-01

    Heat shock treatment is the most popular method for transformation of Escherichia coli. We have used 19-nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles for improving heat shock protocol. PGEM- T (3,000 bp) and pCAMBIA (8,428 bp) were used as test plasmids for transformation of competent E. coli cells (strains DH5α and Jm107) obtained from heat shock- and CaCl2-treated bacteria. A combination of heat shock and Fe3O4 nanoparticles led to a significant increase (6-10 fold) in number of transformed colonies in comparison with heat shock alone. The percent increase in transformation efficiency was higher for larger pCAMBIA plasmids compared to PGEM- T. The transformation efficiency decreased in the absence of CaCl2 and increased by addition of glycerol to the bacterial culture.

  5. Reversed ageing of Fe3O4 nanoparticles by hydrogen plasma

    PubMed Central

    Schmitz-Antoniak, Carolin; Schmitz, Detlef; Warland, Anne; Svechkina, Nataliya; Salamon, Soma; Piamonteze, Cinthia; Wende, Heiko

    2016-01-01

    Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles suffer from severe ageing effects when exposed to air even when they are dispersed in a solvent limiting their applications. In this work, we show that this ageing can be fully reversed by a hydrogen plasma treatment. By x-ray absorption spectroscopy and its associated magnetic circular dichroism, the electronic structure and magnetic properties were studied before and after the plasma treatment and compared to results of freshly prepared magnetite nanoparticles. While aged magnetite nanoparticles exhibit a more γ-Fe2O3 like behaviour, the hydrogen plasma yields pure Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Monitoring the temperature dependence of the intra-atomic spin dipole contribution to the dichroic spectra gives evidence that the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of plasma treated magnetite nanoparticles can outperform the ones of the freshly prepared batch. PMID:26902789

  6. Design of porous C@Fe3O4 hybrid nanotubes with excellent microwave absorption.

    PubMed

    Meng, Fanbin; Wei, Wei; Chen, Xiangnan; Xu, Xiaoling; Jiang, Man; Jun, Lu; Wang, Yong; Zhou, Zuowan

    2016-01-28

    An efficient method was developed to fabricate a porous hybridizing nanotubes structure of amorphous carbon interspersed among Fe3O4 (C@Fe3O4) with a ∼200 nm diameter and ∼70 nm wall thickness. The as-structured porous nanotubes with ferromagnetic behaviour exhibited excellent microwave absorption properties, including a strong ability to attenuate the electromagnetic (EM) wave, and they are also lightweight. Adding only 10 wt% of the as-prepared sample into paraffin can show a maximum reflection loss of -45.0 dB at 6.18 GHz with a sample thickness of 3.4 mm. The absorption mechanism, which results from its porous nanotubes structure, multi-interfaces, dielectric-magnetic integration and geometric effect, is proposed to explain the excellent EM absorption performance. Furthermore, the synthesis strategy presented herein can be expended as a facile approach to synthesizing related carbon-based nanostructures for functional design and applications.

  7. Thermodynamics of Fe(II)Fe(III) oxide systems I. Hydrothermal Fe3O4

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bartel, J.J.; Westrum, E.F.; Haas, J.L.

    1976-01-01

    The heat capacity of a hydrothermally-prepared polycrystalline sample of Fe3O4 was measured from 53 to 350 K, primarily to study the thermophysics of the Verwey transitions. Although the bifurcation of the transition was confirmed, the sample was found to contain traces of manganese. The observed transition temperatures of 117.0 and 123.0 K are 3.7 and 4.2 K higher respectively than those found in pure Fe3O4. Ancillary analytical results are consistent and indicate a stoichiometry of Mn0.008Fe2.992O4 for this material. Characteristics in the transition region are ascribed to dopant effects. ?? 1976.

  8. Temperature dependence of the spin Seebeck effect in [Fe3O4/Pt]n multilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramos, R.; Kikkawa, T.; Anadón, A.; Lucas, I.; Uchida, K.; Algarabel, P. A.; Morellón, L.; Aguirre, M. H.; Saitoh, E.; Ibarra, M. R.

    2017-05-01

    We report temperature dependent measurements of the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) in multilayers formed by repeated growth of a Fe3O4/Pt bilayer junction. The magnitude of the observed enhancement of the SSE, relative to the SSE in the single bilayer, shows a monotonic increase with decreasing the temperature. This result can be understood by an increase of the characteristic length for spin current transport in the system, in qualitative agreement with the recently observed increase in the magnon diffusion length in Fe3O4 at lower temperatures. Our result suggests that the thermoelectric performance of the SSE in multilayer structures can be further improved by careful choice of materials with suitable spin transport properties.

  9. Synthesis and characterization of Fe3O4: Porous carbon nanocomposites for biosensor application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arora, Manju; Zargar, R. A.

    2015-08-01

    Fe3O4:Porous carbon (Fe3O4:PC) nano-magnetic composites were prepared by using different weight fractions of acid treated PC by the chemical co-precipitation route and annealed at 573 K, 773 K and 973 K temperatures in inert N2 gas atmosphere for 2 hrs to obtain desired stoichiometry of nanocomposites. The structural, morphological and magnetic properties of these composites were characterized by powder XRD, TEM, EPR and VSM analytical techniques. The crystallinity of the composites, g-value and spin concentration increases with increasing annealing temperature. TEM images confirmed the formation of nanosized ferrite nanoprticles whose size increases from 23 nm to 54 nm on increasing annealing temperature. Porous carbon increases porosity, coercivity and reduces saturation magnetization of these prepared nanocomposites.

  10. Synthesis of Fe 3O 4 magnetic fluid used for magnetic resonance imaging and hyperthermia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Y. M.; Cao, X.; Liu, G. H.; Hong, R. Y.; Chen, Y. M.; Chen, X. F.; Li, H. Z.; Xu, B.; Wei, D. G.

    2011-12-01

    Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were prepared by co-precipitation from FeSO4·7H2O and FeCl3·6H2O aqueous solutions using NaOH as precipitating reagent. The nanoparticles have an average size of 12 nm and exhibit superparamagnetism at room temperature. The nanoparticles were used to prepare a water-based magnetic fluid using oleic acid and Tween 80 as surfactants. The stability and magnetic properties of the magnetic fluid were characterized by Gouy magnetic balance. The experimental results imply that the hydrophilic block of Tween 80 can make the Fe3O4 nanoparticles suspending in water stable even after dilution and autoclaving. The magnetic fluid demonstrates excellent stability and fast magneto-temperature response, which can be used both in magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic fluid hyperthermia.

  11. Structure-Property relationship for H covered Fe3 O4 (001)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Fangyang; Kizilkaya, Orhan; Sprunger, Phillip; Kurtz, Richard; Jin, Rongying; Zhang, Jiandi; Plummer, Ward

    2015-03-01

    Magnetite (Fe3O4), the oldest permanent magnet, is still being studied, due to the fascinating surface properties. Clean B layer terminated Fe3O4(001) surface exhibits a (√2 × √2)R45 reconstruction, which as reported by LEED experiments can be removed by hydrogen adsorption at RT. However, the mechanism of this surface structural change is unknown. Combining HREELS, LEIS, ARXPS, UPS and XANES, we discovered a very unusual adsorption mechanism. Hydrogen appears to be bonded to the surface iron atoms not oxygen as expected. We observe H-Fe vibration mode with HREELS while no OH mode is present. Furthermore LEIS experiments confirmed H is on the iron atoms site. We will discuss the adsorption mechanism and electronic structure change with information provided by the core level photoemission techniques. This work was supported by Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) funded by the U.S. Department of Energy.

  12. Sonochemical synthesis of stable hydrosol of Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Abu Mukh-Qasem, R; Gedanken, A

    2005-04-15

    The sonolysis of an aqueous solution of Fe(CO)(5) in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate leads to the formation of a stable hydrosol of amorphous Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles. The amorphicity of iron oxide nanoparticles was determined by X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry. The nanoparticles were characterized by elemental analysis, EDX, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, Raman spectroscopy, XPS, and spot test.

  13. Properties of poly(1-naphthylamine)/Fe3O4 composites and arsenic adsorption capacity in wastewater

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tran, Minh Thi; Nguyen, Thi Huyen Trang; Vu, Quoc Trung; Nguyen, Minh Vuong

    2016-03-01

    The research results of poly(1-naphthylamine)/Fe3O4 (PNA/Fe3O4) nanocomposites synthesized by a chemical method for As(III) wastewater treatment are presented in this paper. XRD patterns and TEM images showed that the Fe3O4 grain size varied from 13 to 20 nm. The results of Raman spectral analysis showed that PNA participated in part of the PNA/Fe3O4 composite samples. The grain size of PNA/Fe3O4 composite samples is about 25-30 nm measured by SEM. The results of vibrating sample magnetometer measurements at room temperature showed that the saturation magnetic moment of PNA/Fe3O4 samples decreased from 63.13 to 43.43 emu/g, while the PNA concentration increased from 5% to 15%. The nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm of samples at 77 K at a relative pressure P/ P 0 of about 1 was studied in order to investigate the surface and porous structure of nanoparticles by the BET method. Although the saturation magnetic moments of samples decreased with the polymer concentration increase, the arsenic adsorption capacity of the PNA/Fe3O4 sample with the PNA concentration of 5% is better than that of Fe3O4 in a solution with pH = 7. In the solution with pH > 14, the arsenic adsorption of magnetic nanoparticles is insignificant.

  14. Micro-optical coherence tomography tracking of magnetic gene transfection via Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Wei; Liu, Xinyu; Wei, Chao; Xu, Zhichuan J.; Sim, Stanley Siong Wei; Liu, Linbo; Xu, Chenjie

    2015-10-01

    Heterogeneous Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles (NPs) are composed of Au NPs and Fe3O4 NPs that bring in optical and magnetic properties respectively. This article reports the engineering of Au-Fe3O4 NPs as gene carriers for magnetic gene transfection as well as contrast agents for micro-optical coherence tomography (μOCT). As a proof-of-concept, Au-Fe3O4 NPs are used to deliver the green fluorescent protein to HEK 293T cells and their entrance into the cells is monitored through μOCT.Heterogeneous Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles (NPs) are composed of Au NPs and Fe3O4 NPs that bring in optical and magnetic properties respectively. This article reports the engineering of Au-Fe3O4 NPs as gene carriers for magnetic gene transfection as well as contrast agents for micro-optical coherence tomography (μOCT). As a proof-of-concept, Au-Fe3O4 NPs are used to deliver the green fluorescent protein to HEK 293T cells and their entrance into the cells is monitored through μOCT. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr05459a

  15. Composites of aminodextran-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles and graphene oxide for cellular magnetic resonance imaging.

    PubMed

    Chen, Weihong; Yi, Peiwei; Zhang, Yi; Zhang, Liming; Deng, Zongwu; Zhang, Zhijun

    2011-10-01

    Formation of composites of dextran-coated Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs) and graphene oxide (Fe(3)O(4)-GO) and their application as T(2)-weighted contrast agent for efficient cellular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are reported. Aminodextran (AMD) was first synthesized by coupling reaction of carboxymethyldextran with butanediamine, which was then chemically conjugated to meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinnic acid-modified Fe(3)O(4) NPs. Next, the AMD-coated Fe(3)O(4) NPs were anchored onto GO sheets via formation of amide bond in the presence of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC). It is found that the Fe(3)O(4)-GO composites possess good physiological stability and low cytotoxicity. Prussian Blue staining analysis indicates that the Fe(3)O(4)-GO nanocomposites can be internalized efficiently by HeLa cells, depending on the concentration of the composites incubated with the cells. Furthermore, compared with the isolated Fe(3)O(4) NPs, the Fe(3)O(4)-GO composites show significantly enhanced cellular MRI, being capable of detecting cells at the iron concentration of 5 μg mL(-1) with cell density of 2 × 10(5) cells mL(-1), and at the iron concentration of 20 μg mL(-1) with cell density of 1000 cells mL(-1).

  16. A facile strategy to synthesize monodisperse superparamagnetic OA-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles with PEG assistant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Minmin; Zhu, Aimei; Zhang, Qiugen; Liu, Qinglin

    2014-11-01

    A facile strategy was reported to synthesize monodisperse super-paramagnetic oleic acid (OA) modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles, which the poly ethylene glycol (PEG) was used as the assistant. The influence of the molecular weight and concentration of PEG was investigated in the process of OA-modification. In addition, the mechanism of PEG action in the reaction system was discussed. The morphology and properties of the as-synthesized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The size (12 nm) of the as-prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles is smaller than the superparamagnetic critical size (25 nm) of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, which endows the OA-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles with superparamagnetic property. Furthermore, the dispersibility and stability of as-synthesized OA-modified Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were very good. As the stabilizer and dispersant, PEG played a very important role and did not encapsulate the OA-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The condition for OA-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles preparation was optimized.

  17. Characteristic length scale of the magnon accumulation in Fe3O4/Pt bilayer structures by incoherent thermal excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anadón, A.; Ramos, R.; Lucas, I.; Algarabel, P. A.; Morellón, L.; Ibarra, M. R.; Aguirre, M. H.

    2016-07-01

    The dependence of Spin Seebeck effect (SSE) with the thickness of the magnetic materials is studied by means of incoherent thermal excitation. The SSE voltage signal in Fe3O4/Pt bilayer structure increases with the magnetic material thickness up to 100 nm, approximately, showing signs of saturation for larger thickness. This dependence is well described in terms of a spin current pumped in the platinum film by the magnon accumulation in the magnetic material. The spin current is generated by a gradient of temperature in the system and detected by the Pt top contact by means of inverse spin Hall effect. Calculations in the frame of the linear response theory adjust with a high degree of accuracy the experimental data, giving a thermal length scale of the magnon accumulation (Λ) of 17 ± 3 nm at 300 K and Λ = 40 ± 10 nm at 70 K.

  18. Experimental study of natural convection enhancement using a Fe3O4-water based magnetic nanofluid.

    PubMed

    Stoian, Floriana D; Holotescu, Sorin

    2012-10-01

    The effect of nanoparticles dispersed in a carrier fluid on the natural convection heat transfer is still raising controversies. While the reported experimental results show no improvement or even worsening of the heat transfer performance of nanofluids, the numerical simulations show an increase of the heat transfer coefficient, at least for certain ranges of Ra number. We report an experimental investigation regarding the natural convection heat transfer performance of a Fe3O4-water based nanofluid, in a cylindrical enclosure. The fluid was heated linearly from the bottom wall using an electric heater and cooled from the upper wall by a constant flow of water, such that a constant temperature difference between the upper and bottom walls was obtained at steady-state. The experiment was also carried out using water, in order to observe the effect of the addition of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on the heat transfer coefficient. Several regimes were tested, both for water and nanofluid. The experimental results showed that values obtained for the heat transfer coefficient for Fe3O4-water nanofluid were higher than those for water, at the same temperature difference. The present experimental results are also compared with our previous work and the reference literature.

  19. Synthesis and characterization of Fe3O4-SiO2-AgCl photocatalyst

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Husni, H. N.; Mahmed, N.; Ngee, H. L.

    2016-07-01

    Magnetite-silica-silver chloride (Fe3O4-SiO2-AgCl) coreshell particles with AgCl crystallite size of 117 nm was prepared by a wet chemistry method at ambient temperature. The magnetite-core was synthesized by using iron (II) sulfate heptahydrate (FeSO4•7H2O) and iron (III) sulfate hydrate (Fe2(SO4)3) with ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) as the precipitating agent. The silica-shell was synthesized by using a modified Stöber process. The silver ions (Ag+) was adsorbed onto the silica surface after Söber process, followed by the addition of Cl- and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) for the formation of Fe3O4-SiO2-AgCl coreshell particles. The effectiveness of the synthesized photocatalyst was investigated by monitoring the degradation of the methylene blue (MB) under sunlight for five cycles. About 90 % of the MB solution can be degraded after 2 hours. The degradation of MB solution by the Fe3O4-SiO2-AgCl particles is highly efficient for first three cycles according to the MB concentration recorded by the UV-Visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis). Nevertheless, the synthesized particles could be a promising material for photocatalytic applications.

  20. Ultrafast Preparation of Monodisperse Fe3 O4 Nanoparticles by Microwave-Assisted Thermal Decomposition.

    PubMed

    Liang, Yi-Jun; Zhang, Yu; Guo, Zhirui; Xie, Jun; Bai, Tingting; Zou, Jiemeng; Gu, Ning

    2016-08-08

    Thermal decomposition, as the main synthetic procedure for the synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles (NPs), is facing several problems, such as high reaction temperatures and time consumption. An improved a microwave-assisted thermal decomposition procedure has been developed by which monodisperse Fe3 O4 NPs could be rapidly produced at a low aging temperature with high yield (90.1 %). The as-synthesized NPs show excellent inductive heating and MRI properties in vitro. In contrast, Fe3 O4 NPs synthesized by classical thermal decomposition were obtained in very low yield (20.3 %) with an overall poor quality. It was found for the first time that, besides precursors and solvents, magnetic NPs themselves could be heated by microwave irradiation during the synthetic process. These findings were demonstrated by a series of microwave-heating experiments, Raman spectroscopy and vector-network analysis, indicating that the initially formed magnetic Fe3 O4 particles were able to transform microwave energy into heat directly and, thus, contribute to the nanoparticle growth.

  1. Non-collinear Magnetic Structure on the Fe3O4(111) Surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asakawa, Kanta; Kawauchi, Taizo; Zhang, Xiao Wei; Fukutani, Katsuyuki

    2017-07-01

    The magnetic structure of an Fe3O4(111) surface was observed at room temperature by nuclear resonant X-ray scattering (NRS) and conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS). The depth dependence of the magnetic structure was investigated by using natural and 57Fe3O4-deposited Fe3O4(111) surfaces. The CEMS results showed that the magnetization direction of the near-surface regionis close to the non-perpendicular easy-magnetization axes. The NRS results showed that the (111) surface includes in-plane magnetization components, suggesting that the surface contains domains that are magnetized along non-perpendicular directions. These results are consistent with the idea that the surface is covered with closure domains with magnetization along the non-perpendicular easy-magnetization directions. It was also found that, near the surface, the spin direction of the Fe(B) site is more parallel to the surface than the non-perpendicular easy axes while that of the Fe(A) site corresponds to the easy axes. This indicates that the spins of the Fe(A) and Fe(B) sites are non-collinear in the near-surface region. The thickness of this Fe(B) canting layer is estimated to be larger than the probing depth of CEMS (45-60 nm).

  2. Optical Properties of Fe3O4 Magnetic Fluid from Iron Sand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Puspitaningrum, A.; Taufiq, A.; Hidayat, A.; Sunaryono; Hidayat, N.; Samian

    2017-05-01

    Nowadays, a high sensitive sensor for the magnetic field has become an essential tool that vastly desired in several fields, especially in biomedical application. Therefore, the development of preparing material for the magnetic sensor becomes crucial to be conducted. In this experimnet, we propose the use of Fe3O4 magnetic fluid prepared from a local iron sand in Indonesia as a material for a magnetic sensor. In this work, optical activities of the Fe3O4 magnetic fluid as the effect of magneto-optics were performed under varying external magnetic field. The polarization direction change of the laser was detected as a function of the external magnetic field with the exponential function. Moreover, the intensity collected by a photodetector exhibited a linear correlation with the external magnetic field. These phenomena become strong evidence that the prepared Fe3O4 magnetic fluid opens potential to be applicated further as sensors, especially as a high sensitive optics-based sensor for the magnetic field.

  3. Sustained magnetization oscillations in polyaniline-Fe3O4 nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Araújo, A. C. V.; Rodrigues, A. R.; de Azevedo, W. M.; Machado, F. L. A.; Rezende, S. M.

    2015-09-01

    We report experiments with polyaniline-Fe3O4 (PANI-Fe3O4) nanocomposites synthesized under several different conditions. With a reaction carried out at room temperature and assisted by intense ultra-violet (UV) irradiation, we observe sustained oscillations in the magnetization with a period of about 25 min. The oscillations are interpreted as the result of an oscillatory chemical reaction in which part of the Fe+2 ions of magnetite, Fe3O4, are oxidized by the UV irradiation to form Fe+3 so that a fraction of the magnetite content transforms into maghemite, γ-Fe2O3. Then, Fe+3 ions at the nanoparticle surfaces are reduced and transformed back into Fe+2, when acting as an oxidizing agent for polyaniline in the polymerization process. Since maghemite has smaller magnetization than magnetite, the oscillating chemical reaction results in the oscillatory magnetization. The observations are interpreted with the Lotka-Volterra nonlinear coupled equations with parameters that can be adjusted to fit very well the experimental data.

  4. Fabrication and Electromagnetic Properties of Conjugated NH2-CuPc@Fe3O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Liang; Pu, Zejun; Xu, Mingzhen; Wei, Renbo; Liu, Xiaobo

    2017-10-01

    Conjugated amino-phthalocyanine copper containing carboxyl groups/magnetite (NH2-CuPc@Fe3O4) has been fabricated from FeCl3·6H2O and NH2-CuPc via a simple solvothermal method and its electromagnetic properties investigated. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy revealed that the NH2-CuPc@Fe3O4 was a waxberry-like nanomaterial with NH2-CuPc molecules effectively embedded in the interior of Fe3O4 particles in the form of beads. Introduction of NH2-CuPc effectively improved the complementarity between the dielectric and magnetic losses of the system, resulting in excellent electromagnetic performance. The minimum reflection loss of the as-prepared composite reached -33.4 dB at 7.0 GHz for coating layer thickness of 4.0 mm and bandwidth below -10.0 dB (90% absorption) of up to 3.8 GHz. These results indicate that introduction of NH2-CuPc results in a composite with potential for use as an electromagnetic microwave absorption material.

  5. Fe3O4@Nico-Ag magnetically recyclable nanocatalyst for azo dyes reduction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurtan, U.; Amir, Md.; Baykal, A.

    2016-02-01

    In this study, we report the successful synthesis of Fe3O4@Nico-Ag nanocomposite as magnetically recyclable nanocatalyst (MRCs) via reflux process at 80 °C for 5 h followed by reduction of Ag+. FeCl3·6H2O, FeCl2·4H2O, AgNO3 as starting reactants and nicotinic acid as linker. The structure, morphology, thermal behaviour and magnetic properties of the product were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDX), thermal gravimetry (TG) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), respectively. The catalytic activity of product for various azo dyes such as methylene blue (MB), methyl orange (MO), Rhodamine B (RhB) and eosin Y (EY) and their double mixtures were studied. It was found that Fe3O4@Nico-Ag MRCs is an efficient catalyst and can also rapidly separated from the reaction medium using magnet without considerable loss in its catalytic activity and used several times. Fe3O4@Nico-Ag MRCs has potential for the treatment of industrial dye pollutants.

  6. Mixture of fuels for solution combustion synthesis of porous Fe3O4 powders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parnianfar, H.; Masoudpanah, S. M.; Alamolhoda, S.; Fathi, H.

    2017-06-01

    The solution combustion synthesis of porous magnetite (Fe3O4) powders by a mixture of glycine and urea fuels was investigated concerning the thermodynamic aspects and powder characteristics. The adiabatic combustion temperature and combusted species were thermodynamically calculated as a function of the fuel to oxidant molar ratio (ϕ). The combustion behavior, phase evolution, porous structure and magnetic properties were characterized by thermal analysis, X-ray diffractometry, N2 adsorption-desorption, electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry techniques. Nearly single phase Fe3O4 powders were synthesized by the mixture of fuels at ϕ values of 0.75 and 1. The as-combusted Fe3O4 powders at ϕ = 1 exhibited porous structure with the specific surface area of 83.4 m2/g. The highest saturation magnetization of 75.5 emu/g and the lowest coercivity of 84 Oe were achieved at ϕ = 1, due to the high purity and large crystallite size, inducing from the highest adiabatic combustion temperature.

  7. Bactericidal properties and biocompatibility of a gentamicin-loaded Fe3O4/carbonated hydroxyapatite coating.

    PubMed

    Tian, Bo; Tang, Sha; Wang, Chuan-Dong; Wang, Wen-Gang; Wu, Chuan-Long; Guo, Ya-Jun; Guo, Ya-Ping; Zhu, Zhen-An

    2014-11-01

    Postoperative implant-associated infection remains a serious complication in total joint arthroplasty (TJA) surgery. The addition of antibiotics to bone cement is used as an antimicrobial prophylaxis in cemented joint arthroplasty; however, in cementless arthroplasty, there are no comparable measures for the local delivery of antibiotics. In this study, a gentamicin-loaded Fe3O4/carbonated hydroxyapatite coating (Gent-MCHC) was fabricated according to the following steps: (i) deposition of Fe3O4/CaCO3 particles on Ti6Al4V substrates by electrophoretic deposition; (ii) conversions of MCHC from Fe3O4/CaCO3 coatings by chemical treatment; and (iii) formation of Gent-MCHC by loading gentamicin into MCHC. MCHC possessed mesoporous structure with a pore size of about 3.8 nm and magnetic property with the saturation magnetization strength of about 4.03 emu/g. Gent-MCHC had higher drug loading efficiency and drug release capacity, and superior biocompatibility and mitogenic activity than Ti6Al4V. Moreover, Gent-MCHC deterred bacterial adhesion and prevented biofilm formation. These results demonstrate that Gent-MCHC can be used as a local drug delivery system to prevent implant-associated infection in TJA surgery. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. An Fe3O4-nanoparticles-based amperometric biosensor for creatine determination.

    PubMed

    Kaçar, Ceren; Erden, Pinar Esra; Pekyardimci, Sule; Kiliç, Esma

    2013-02-01

    An amperometric biosensor for the detection of creatine was designed, based on carbon paste electrode modified with Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles. Electron transfer properties of unmodified and Fe(3)O(4)-nanoparticles-modified carbon paste electrodes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) methods. Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles increased the surface area and electric conductivity of the electrode, thus enhancing the sensitivity of the electrode. Optimum pH, buffer concentration, working potential and enzyme loading were selected as 7.0; 0.05 mol L(-1); +0.30 V and 2.0 Unit creatinase (CI), 1.0 Unit sarcosine oxidase (SO), respectively. The purposed biosensor exhibited linear response from 2.0 × 10(-7) mol L(-1) to 3.8 × 10(-6) mol L(-1) and from 9.0 × 10(-6) mol L(-1) to 1.2 × 10(-4) mol L(-1) with a detection limit of 2.0 × 10(-7) mol L(-1). Biosensor was used for determination of creatine in commercial creatine powder samples and showed a good sensing performance.

  9. [Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution onto magnetic Fe3O4/ graphene oxide nanoparticles].

    PubMed

    Chang, Qing; Jiang, Guo-Dong; Hu, Meng-Xuan; Huang, Jia; Tang, He-Qing

    2014-05-01

    A simple ultrasound-assisted co-precipitation method was developed to prepare magnetic Fe3O4/graphene oxide (Fe3O4/ GO) nanoparticles. The characterization with transmission electron microscope (TEM) indicated that the products possessed small particle size. The hysteresis loop of the dried Fe3O4/GO nanoparticles demonstrated that the sample had typical features of superparamagnetic material. Batch adsorption studies were carried out to investigate the effects of the initial pH of the solution, the dosage of adsorbent, the contact time and temperature on the adsorption of methylene blue. The results indicated that the composites prepared could be used over a broad pH range (pH 6-9). The adsorption process was very fast within the first 25 min and the equilibrium was reached at 180 min. The adsorption equilibrium and kinetics data fitted well with the Langmuir isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption process was a spontaneous and endothermic process in nature. The composite exhibited fairly high adsorption capacity (196.5 mg.g-1) of methylene blue at 313 K. In addition, the magnetic composite could be effectively and simply separated by using an external magnetic field, and then regenerated by hydrogen peroxide and recycled for further use. The results indicated that the adsorbent had a potential in the application of the dye wastewater treatment.

  10. Enhanced high-frequency absorption of anisotropic Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposites

    PubMed Central

    Yin, Yichao; Zeng, Min; Liu, Jue; Tang, Wukui; Dong, Hangrong; Xia, Ruozhou; Yu, Ronghai

    2016-01-01

    Anisotropic Fe3O4 nanoparticle and a series of its graphene composites have been successfully prepared as high-frequency absorbers. The crystal structure, morphology and magnetic property of the samples were detailed characterized through X-ray diffractometer (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The high-frequency absorbing performance of the composites is evaluated within 2.0–18.0 GHz. Combining reduced graphene oxide (RGO) to Fe3O4 helps to adjust the permittivity and permeability of the composite, balance the dielectric loss and magnetic loss, consequently improve the absorbing performance in view of the impedance matching characteristic. The optimal reflection loss of the pure Fe3O4 sample reaches −38.1 dB with a thickness of 1.7 mm, and it increases to −65.1 dB for the sample grafted with 3 wt.% RGO. The addition of proper content of RGO both improves the reflection loss and expands the absorbing bandwidth. This work not only opens a new method and an idea for tuning the electromagnetic properties and enhancing the capacity of high-efficient absorbers, but also broadens the application of such kinds of lightweight absorbing materials frameworks. PMID:27142260

  11. Growth mechanism of ZnO nanorod/Fe3O4 nanoparticle composites and their photocatalytic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Wenda; Yu, Leiming; Yang, Hanjia; Hong, Kunquan; Qiao, Zhenfang; Wang, Hai

    2015-11-01

    ZnO nanorods/Fe3O4 nanocomposites as the recyclable photocatalyst were synthesized by a co-precipitation method, with microwave assistant by dropping alkaline solution with Fe3O4 nanoparticles into the aqueous of zinc salt. These Fe3O4 nanoparticles were the nucleated centers for the ZnO nanorods growth so that these nanorods ended with aggregated Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The growth processes and mechanism are explained as those insoluble zinc hydroxides prefer to nucleate on the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (heterogeneous nucleation) rather than nucleated as isolated ZnO nanostructures (homogeneous nucleation). These nanocomposites have strong photocatalytic ability to reduce RhB and moderate magnetization, which make them being good recyclable photocatalysts.

  12. Structural and functional investigation of graphene oxide-Fe3O4 nanocomposites for the heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zubir, Nor Aida; Yacou, Christelle; Motuzas, Julius; Zhang, Xiwang; Diniz da Costa, João C.

    2014-04-01

    Graphene oxide-iron oxide (GO-Fe3O4) nanocomposites were synthesised by co-precipitating iron salts onto GO sheets in basic solution. The results showed that formation of two distinct structures was dependent upon the GO loading. The first structure corresponds to a low GO loading up to 10 wt%, associated with the beneficial intercalation of GO within Fe3O4 nanoparticles and resulting in higher surface area up to 409 m2 g-1. High GO loading beyond 10 wt% led to the aggregation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and the undesirable stacking of GO sheets. The presence of strong interfacial interactions (Fe-O-C bonds) between both components at low GO loading lead to 20% higher degradation of Acid Orange 7 than the Fe3O4 nanoparticles in heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction. This behaviour was attributed to synergistic structural and functional effect of the combined GO and Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

  13. Facile self-assembly of Fe3O4 nanoparticles@WS2 nanosheets: A promising candidate for supercapacitor electrode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dai, Yu; Wu, Xiao; Sha, Dawei; Chen, Ming; Zou, Han; Ren, Jie; Wang, Jingjing; Yan, Xuehua

    2016-10-01

    Graphene-like dichalcogenides with huge surface area and nanostructured transition metal oxides with extraordinarily high theoretical capacities could be composited as promising electrode candidates for supercapacitors. In this work, monolayer and few-layers WS2 nanosheets were exfoliated by combination of ball-milling and sonication. A facile strategy for the hierarchical self-assembly of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4NPs) on WS2 nanosheets was developed to synthesize Fe3O4NPs@WS2 nanocomposites via hydrothermal method. Fe3O4NPs are uniformly dispersed on the WS2 nanosheets without aggregation. The particle size of Fe3O4NPs is about 3 nm. The nanocomposite shows strong enhancements of electrochemical behaviors. This self-assembly synthesis strategy may have great prospects for other 0D/2D nanocomposites in supercapacitors and other energy devices. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

  14. Preparation of Fe3O4 encapsulated-silica sulfonic acid nanoparticles and study of their in vitro antimicrobial activity.

    PubMed

    Naeimi, Hossein; Nazifi, Zahra Sadat; Amininezhad, Seyedeh Matin

    2015-08-01

    A simple and efficient method for the functionalization of silica-coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@SiO2) using chlorosulfonic acid is described. The prepared compounds were screened for antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli ATCC 25922) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus ATCC 25923) under UV-light and dark conditions. It was found that the Fe3O4@SiO2-SO3H was significantly indicated the higher photocatalytic inactivation than both Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@SiO2 against E. coli in compared with S. aureus. Furthermore, the inactivation efficiency against both organisms under light conditions has been higher than this efficiency under dark conditions.

  15. Magnetic fluid with high dispersion and heating performance using nano-sized Fe3O4 platelets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kishimoto, Mikio; Miyamoto, Ryoichi; Oda, Tatsuya; Yanagihara, Hideto; Ohkohchi, Nobuhiro; Kita, Eiji

    2016-01-01

    Magnetic fluid with high dispersion and heating performance was developed using 30 to 50 nm platelet Fe3O4 particles. This fluid was prepared by mechanical dispersion in ethyl alcohol with a silane coupling agent, bonding with polyethylene glycol (PEG), and removal of aggregates formed by precipitation. The peak diameter of the resulting Fe3O4 particles, measured by dynamic light scattering, was approximately 150 nm. The fluid exhibited a 300 W/g specific loss power (measured at 114 kHz by a 50.9 kA/m magnetic field). Distribution of the Fe3O4 particles in tissues was observed by intravenously administrating the fluid in mice. The Fe3O4 particles passed through the lungs, and were uniformly distributed throughout the liver and spleen. High dispersion and high heating performance were simultaneously achieved in the magnetic fluid using platelet Fe3O4 particles surface modified with PEG.

  16. Microwave complex permeability of Fe3O4 nanoflake composites with and without magnetic field-induced rotational orientation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Xianguo; Wing Or, Siu; Ming Leung, Chung; Ho, S. L.

    2013-05-01

    Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoflakes with widths of 100-200 nm and thicknesses of 10-80 nm were prepared by a hydrothermal synthesis method. Fe3O4 nanoflake composites with and without magnetic field-induced rotational orientation of flake planes of Fe3O4 nanoflakes in paraffin binder were fabricated using 35 wt. % Fe3O4 nanoflakes. The rotationally oriented composite showed higher permeability and resonance frequency than the nonoriented one, and its value of (μ0-1)fr reached 214.8 GHz and exceeded the Snoek's limit. Considering a uniform and a random distribution of flake planes of Fe3O4 nanoflakes in the oriented and nonoriented composites, respectively, the complex permeability of both composites was calculated using the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation and the Bruggeman's effective medium theory in the 2-18 GHz microwave frequency range.

  17. Controlled synthesis and photocatalysis of sea urchin-like Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Yilin; Tao, Chengran; Xiao, Gang; Wei, Guipeng; Li, Linghui; Liu, Changxia; Su, Haijia

    2016-02-01

    Based on the synergistic photocatalytic activities of nano-sized TiO2 and Ag, as well as the magnetic properties of Fe3O4, a sea urchin-like Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag nanocomposite (Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag NCs) is controllably synthesized with tunable cavity size, adjustable shell layer of TiO2 nanofiber, higher structural stability and larger specific surface area. Here, Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag NCs are obtained with Fe3O4 as the core and nanofiber TiO2/Fe3O4/Ag nanoheterojunctions as the shell; and Ag nanoparticles with diameter of approximately 4 nm are loaded both on TiO2 nanofibers and inside the cavities of sea urchin-like Fe3O4@TiO2 nanocomposites uniformly. Ag nanoparticles lead to the production of more photogenerated charges in the TiO2/Fe3O4/Ag heterojunction via LSPR absorption, and enhance the band-gap absorption of TiO2, while the Fe3O4 cocatalyst provides the active sites for oxygen reduction by the effective transfer of photogenerated electrons to oxygen. So the photocatalytic performance is improved due to the synergistic effect of TiO2/Fe3O4/Ag nanoheterojunctions. As photocatalysts under UV and visible irradiation, the as-synthesized nanocomposites display enhanced photocatalytic and recycling properties for the degradation of ampicillin. Moreover, they present better broad-spectrum antibiosis under visible irradiation. The enhanced photocatalytic activity and excellent chemical stability, in combination with the magnetic recyclability, makes this multifunctional nanostructure a promising candidate for antibiosis and remediation in aquatic environmental contamination in the future.Based on the synergistic photocatalytic activities of nano-sized TiO2 and Ag, as well as the magnetic properties of Fe3O4, a sea urchin-like Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag nanocomposite (Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag NCs) is controllably synthesized with tunable cavity size, adjustable shell layer of TiO2 nanofiber, higher structural stability and larger specific surface area. Here, Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag NCs are obtained with Fe3O4 as the

  18. One-pot preparation of superparamagnetic attapulgite/Fe3O4/polydopamine nanocomposites for adsorption of methylene blue

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mu, Bin; Kang, Yuru; Zheng, Maosong; Wang, Aiqin

    2016-05-01

    Superparamagnetic attapulgite/Fe3O4/polydopamine nanocomposites have been facilely prepared by a one-pot process without the nitrogen protection, in which Fe(III) was served as both of the oxidant for dopamine and the precursor of Fe3O4 in the presence of attapulgite. The introduction of attapulgite can effectively induce the uniform encapsulation of polydopamine and Fe3O4 nanoparticles on the surface of attapulgite, preventing from the formation of the free aggregates of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The as-prepared APT/Fe3O4/PANI nanocomposites can be used as an adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue, and the adsorption ratio toward 100 ppm of methylene blue could reach 95.8%.

  19. Synthesis of one-dimensional Fe3O4@C composites from catalytic pyrolysis of waste polypropylene.

    PubMed

    Kong, Qinghong; Zhang, Junhao; Liu, Hong; Zhang, Yunlong; Zhang, Xiaoning

    2012-10-01

    A simple catalytic pyrolysis route was developed to prepare one-dimensional Fe3O4@C composites using waste polypropylene as carbon resource, in which the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were self-assembled to necklace-shaped structures. The products were characterized by means of X-ray power diffraction (XRD), Raman spectra, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results indicate that the diameter of chains is about 550 nm, the size of Fe3O4 particles is ranging from 200 to 500 nm, and the thickness of carbon shells is about 150 nm. The magnetic measurement at room temperature indicates that the value of saturation magnetization (22.0 emu/g) and coercivity (171.7 Oe) is different from that of bare Fe3O4 nanoparticles and bulk Fe3O4 due to the different carbon content, dipolar interactions, size and morphology of the products.

  20. Aloe vera plant-extracted solution hydrothermal synthesis and magnetic properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phumying, Santi; Labuayai, Sarawuth; Thomas, Chunpen; Amornkitbamrung, Vittaya; Swatsitang, Ekaphan; Maensiri, Santi

    2013-06-01

    Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by a novel hydrothermal method using ferric acetylacetonate (Fe(C5H8O2)3) and aloe vera plant-extracted solution. The influences of different reaction temperatures and times on the structure and magnetic properties of the synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles were investigated. The synthesized nanoparticles are crystalline and have particle sizes of ˜6-30 nm, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD), High resolution TEM (HRTEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) indicate that the synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles have the inverse cubic spinel structure without the presence of any other phase impurities. The hysteresis loops of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles at room temperature show superparamagnetic behavior and the saturation magnetization of the Fe3O4 samples increases with increasing reaction temperature and time.

  1. MAPLE fabrication of thin films based on kanamycin functionalized magnetite nanoparticles with anti-pathogenic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grumezescu, Valentina; Andronescu, Ecaterina; Holban, Alina Maria; Mogoantă, Laurenţiu; Mogoşanu, George Dan; Grumezescu, Alexandru Mihai; Stănculescu, Anca; Socol, Gabriel; Iordache, Florin; Maniu, Horia; Chifiriuc, Mariana Carmen

    2015-05-01

    In this study we aimed to evaluate the biocompatibility and antimicrobial activity of kanamycin functionalized 5 nm-magnetite (Fe3O4@KAN) nanoparticles thin films deposited by Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation (MAPLE) technique. A laser deposition regime was established in order to stoichiometrically transfer Fe3O4@KAN thin films on silicone and glass substrates. Morphological and physico-chemical properties of powders and coatings were characterized by XRD, TEM, SEM, AFM and IR microscopy (IRM). Our nanostructured thin films have proved efficiency in the prevention of microbial adhesion and mature biofilms development as a result of antibiotic release in its active form. Furthermore, kanamycin functionalized nanostructures exhibit a good biocompatibility, both in vivo and in vitro, demonstrating their potential for implants application. This is the first study reporting the assessment of the in vivo biocompatibility of a magnetite-antimicrobial thin films produced by MAPLE technique.

  2. A highly selective photoelectrochemical biosensor for uric acid based on core-shell Fe3O4@C nanoparticle and molecularly imprinted TiO2.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Chunjing; Si, Shihui; Yang, Zhengpeng

    2015-03-15

    Combining the surface modification and molecular imprinting technique, a novel photoelectrochemical sensing platform with excellent photochemical catalysis and molecular recognition capabilities was established for the detection of uric acid based on the magnetic immobilization of Fe3O4@C nanoparticles onto magnetic glassy carbon electrode (MGCE) and modification of molecularly imprinted TiO2 film on Fe3O4@C. The developed biosensor was highly sensitive to uric acid in solutions, with a linear range from 0.3 to 34µM and a limit of detection of 0.02μM. Furthermore, the biosensor exhibited outstanding selectivity while used in coexisting systems containing various interferents with high concentration. The practical application of the biosensor was also realized for the selective detection of uric acid in spiked samples. The study made a successful attempt in the development of highly selective and sensitive photoelectrochemical biosensor for urine monitoring.

  3. Novel fungus-Fe3O4 bio-nanocomposites as high performance adsorbents for the removal of radionuclides.

    PubMed

    Ding, Congcong; Cheng, Wencai; Sun, Yubing; Wang, Xiangke

    2015-09-15

    The bio-nanocomposites of fungus-Fe3O4 were successfully synthesized using a low-cost self-assembly technique. SEM images showed uniform decoration of nano-Fe3O4 particles on fungus surface. The FTIR analysis indicated that nano-Fe3O4 was combined to the fungus surface by chemical bonds. The sorption ability of fungus-Fe3O4 toward Sr(II), Th(IV) and U(VI) was evaluated by batch techniques. Radionuclide sorption on fungus-Fe3O4 was independent of ionic strength, indicating that inner-sphere surface complexion dominated their sorption. XPS analysis indicated that the inner-sphere radionuclide complexes were formed by mainly bonding with oxygen-containing functional groups (i.e., alcohol, acetal and carboxyl) of fungus-Fe3O4. The maximum sorption capacities of fungus-Fe3O4 calculated from Langmuir isotherm model were 100.9, 223.9 and 280.8 mg/g for Sr(II) and U(VI) at pH 5.0, and Th(IV) at pH 3.0, respectively, at 303 K. Fungus-Fe3O4 also exhibited excellent regeneration performance for the preconcentration of radionuclides. The calculated thermodynamic parameters showed that the sorption of radionuclides on fungus-Fe3O4 was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The findings herein highlight the novel synthesis method of fungus-Fe3O4 and its high sorption ability for radionuclides.

  4. Controlled synthesis and photocatalysis of sea urchin-like Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag nanocomposites.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Yilin; Tao, Chengran; Xiao, Gang; Wei, Guipeng; Li, Linghui; Liu, Changxia; Su, Haijia

    2016-03-07

    Based on the synergistic photocatalytic activities of nano-sized TiO2 and Ag, as well as the magnetic properties of Fe3O4, a sea urchin-like Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag nanocomposite (Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag NCs) is controllably synthesized with tunable cavity size, adjustable shell layer of TiO2 nanofiber, higher structural stability and larger specific surface area. Here, Fe3O4@TiO2@Ag NCs are obtained with Fe3O4 as the core and nanofiber TiO2/Fe3O4/Ag nanoheterojunctions as the shell; and Ag nanoparticles with diameter of approximately 4 nm are loaded both on TiO2 nanofibers and inside the cavities of sea urchin-like Fe3O4@TiO2 nanocomposites uniformly. Ag nanoparticles lead to the production of more photogenerated charges in the TiO2/Fe3O4/Ag heterojunction via LSPR absorption, and enhance the band-gap absorption of TiO2, while the Fe3O4 cocatalyst provides the active sites for oxygen reduction by the effective transfer of photogenerated electrons to oxygen. So the photocatalytic performance is improved due to the synergistic effect of TiO2/Fe3O4/Ag nanoheterojunctions. As photocatalysts under UV and visible irradiation, the as-synthesized nanocomposites display enhanced photocatalytic and recycling properties for the degradation of ampicillin. Moreover, they present better broad-spectrum antibiosis under visible irradiation. The enhanced photocatalytic activity and excellent chemical stability, in combination with the magnetic recyclability, makes this multifunctional nanostructure a promising candidate for antibiosis and remediation in aquatic environmental contamination in the future.

  5. Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles/reduced graphene oxide nanosheets as a novel electrochemical and bioeletrochemical sensing platform.

    PubMed

    Teymourian, Hazhir; Salimi, Abdollah; Khezrian, Somayeh

    2013-11-15

    We have developed Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles/reduced graphene oxide nanosheets modified glassy carbon (Fe3O4/r-GO/GC) electrode as a novel system for the preparation of electrochemical sensing platform. Decorating Fe3O4 nanoparticles on graphene sheets was performed via a facile one-step chemical reaction strategy, where the reduction of GO and the in-situ generation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles occurred simultaneously. Characterization of as-made nanocomposite using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and alternative gradient force magnetometry (AGFM) clearly demonstrate the successful attachment of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles to graphene sheets. Electrochemical studies revealed that the Fe3O4/r-GO/GC electrode possess excellent electrocatalytic activities toward the low potential oxidation of NADH (0.05 V vs. Ag/AgCl) as well as the catalytic reduction of O2 and H2O2 at reduced overpotentials. Via immobilization of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as a model dehydrogenase enzyme onto the Fe3O4/r-GO/GC electrode surface, the ability of modified electrode for biosensing lactate was demonstrated. In addition, using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) to investigate the electrochemical oxidation behavior of ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA) at Fe3O4/r-GO/GC electrode, the high electrocatalytic activity of the modified electrode toward simultaneous detection of these compounds was indicated. Finally, based on the strong electrocatalytic action of Fe3O4/r-GO/GC electrode toward both oxidation and reduction of nitrite, a sensitive amperometric sensor for nitrite determination was proposed. The Fe3O4/r-GO hybrid presented here showing favorable electrochemical features may hold great promise to the development of electrochemical sensors, molecular bioelectronic devices, biosensors and biofuel cells.

  6. Removal of nitrate and phosphate using chitosan/Al2O3/Fe3O4 composite nanofibrous adsorbent: Comparison with chitosan/Al2O3/Fe3O4 beads.

    PubMed

    Bozorgpour, Farahnaz; Ramandi, Hossein Fasih; Jafari, Pooya; Samadi, Saman; Yazd, Shabnam Sharif; Aliabadi, Majid

    2016-12-01

    In the present study the chitosan/Al2O3/Fe3O4 composite nanofibrous adsorbent was prepared by electrospinning process and its application for the removal of nitrate and phosphate were compared with chitosan/Al2O3/Fe3O4 composite bead adsorbent. The influence of Al2O3/Fe3O4 composite content, pH, contact time, nitrate and phosphate initial concentrations and temperature on the nitrate and phosphate sorption using synthesized bead and nanofibrous adsorbents was investigated in a single system. The reusability of chitosan/Al2O3/Fe3O4 composite beads and nanofibers after five sorption-desorption cycles were carried out. The Box-Behnken design was used to investigate the interaction effects of adsorbent dosage, nitrate and phosphate initial concentrations on the nitrate and phosphate removal efficiency. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model and known Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models were used to describe the kinetic and equilibrium data of nitrate and phosphate sorption using chitosan/Al2O3/Fe3O4 composite beads and nanofibers. The influence of other anions including chloride, fluoride and sulphate on the sorption efficiency of nitrate and phosphate was examined. The obtained results revealed the higher potential of chitosan/Al2O3/Fe3O4 composite nanofibers for nitrate and phosphate compared with chitosan/Al2O3/Fe3O4 composite beads. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. A comparative study on the morphology of P3HT:PCBM solar cells with the addition of Fe3O4 nanoparticles by spin and rod coating methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Wenluan; Nguyen, Ngoc A.; Murray, Roy; Xin, Jiyuan; Mackay, Michael E.

    2017-09-01

    Our previous study presented up to 20% power conversion efficiency (PCE) enhancement of poly(3-hexylthiophene):phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) solar cells under the Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) self-assembly (SA) effect by spin coating. Fe3O4 NPs (about 11 nm hydrodynamic diameter) form a thin layer at the top interface of the light absorbing active layer, which results in the generation of PCBM rich region improving the charge transport (Zhang et al. Sol Energ Mat Sol C 160:126-133, 2017). In order to investigate the feasibility of this Fe3O4 NPs SA effect under large-scale production condition, a smooth rod was implemented to mimic roll-to-roll coating technique and yield active layers having about the same thickness as the spin-coated ones. Small angle neutron scattering and grazing incidence X-ray diffraction were employed finding out similar morphologies of the active layers by these two coating techniques. However, rod-coated solar cell's PCE decreases with the addition of Fe3O4 NPs compared with the one without them. This is because PCBM rich region is not created at the top interface of the active layer due to the absence of Fe3O4 NPs, which is attributed to the weak convective flow and low diffusion rate. Moreover, in the rod-coated solar cells, the presence of Fe3O4 NPs causes decrease in P3HT crystallinity, thus the charge transport and the device performance. Our study confirms the role of spin coating in the Fe3O4 NPs SA effect and enables researchers to explore this finding in other polymer nanocomposite systems.

  8. Gel-limited synthesis of dumbbell-like Fe3O4-Ag composite microspheres and their SERS applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiaoli; Niu, Chunyu; Wang, Yongqiang; Zhou, Shaomin; Liu, Jin

    2014-10-01

    A novel gel-limited strategy was developed to synthesize dumbbell-like Fe3O4-Ag composite microspheres through a simple one-pot solvothermal method. In such a reaction system, a special precursor solution containing oleic, water, ethanol and silver ions was used and transformed into a bulk gel under heating at the very beginning of the reaction, thus all the subsequent reactions proceeded in the interior of the gel. The gel-limited reactions had two advantages, on the one hand, the magnetic Fe3O4 microspheres were fixed in the gel which avoided them aggregating together, whereas on the other hand, the silver ions stored in the gel could be gradually released and tended to diffuse towards the nearest Fe3O4 microsphere, which favored the generation of a dumbbell-like Fe3O4-Ag structure. From the time-dependent experiments under optimal conditions, the typical growth process of dumbbell-like structures clearly demonstrated that a silver seed first appeared on the surface of a single Fe3O4 microsphere, which then grew bigger slowly and finally formed a dumbbell-like Fe3O4-Ag structure. Moreover, the formation of the gel was found to be strongly affected by the ratio of water and ethanol in the precursor solution, which further influenced the morphologies of the Fe3O4-Ag microspheres. Furthermore, the effect of lattice match between Fe3O4 and Ag on the final products was also proven from the control experiments by using a template with a different surface crystalline structure. When used as SERS substrates, the final dumbbell-like Fe3O4-Ag microspheres show fast magnetic separation and the selective detection of thiram for the surface capped oleic chain during the growth process.A novel gel-limited strategy was developed to synthesize dumbbell-like Fe3O4-Ag composite microspheres through a simple one-pot solvothermal method. In such a reaction system, a special precursor solution containing oleic, water, ethanol and silver ions was used and transformed into a bulk gel

  9. Carbon-covered Fe3O4 hollow cubic hierarchical porous composite as the anode material for lithium-ion batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Shouhui; Zhou, Rihui; Chen, Yaqin; Fu, Yuanyuan; Li, Ping; Song, Yonghai; Wang, Li

    2017-04-01

    In this work, Prussian blue nanocrystals, a kind of cubic metal-organic frameworks, was firstly covered by a uniform layer of resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) resin, and then followed with heat treatment at different pyrolysis temperatures. The effects of pyrolysis temperature on the morphologies, phase, pore size, and electrochemical performance of the pyrolysis products were studied in this work. The composite generated at 600 ∘C, FexC600, was a hollow cubic composite of Fe3O4 covered by a thin RF-derived carbon layer. The carbon layer on FexC600 was a robust and conductive protective layer, which can accommodate Fe3O4 NPs and withstand the huge volume change of Fe3O4 during the process of discharge and charge. When used as anodes for lithium-ion batteries, FexC600 showed excellent electrochemical performance. It delivered a discharge capacity of 1126 mAh g-1 with a coulombic efficiency of 98.8% at the current density of 100 mA g-1 after 100 times discharge/charge cycling. It even delivered a capacity of 492 mAh g-1 at the current density of 500 mA g-1. This cubic hollow composite would be a promising alternative anode material for lithium-ion batteries.

  10. Octahedron Fe3O4 particles supported on 3D MWCNT/graphene foam: In-situ method and application as a comprehensive microwave absorption material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Luolin; Zhao, Yan; Li, Ye; Han, Xiao; Zhang, Tong

    2017-09-01

    In this work, we used in-situ method to directly prepare a novel structure consisting of well-distributed octahedron Fe3O4 particles, porous graphene foam (GF) and fibrous multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT): started with an intense stir to anchor Fe3+ on the surfaces of graphene oxide and oxided MWCNT, followed by solvothermal reaction to synthesize 3D lightweight Fe3O4/MWCNT/GF hybrids with high performance microwave absorption (MA). The maximum Reflection Loss (RL) value of -35.30 dB and 9.01 GHz bandwidth with RL below -10 dB detected with the thickness of 3.0 mm are achieved by Fe3O4/MWCNT/GF with an ultralow bulk density of 5.0 mg cm-3, of which the Specific Microwave Absorption Performance is much higher than most available MA materials reported. Impedance matching, high loss characteristic, interfacial polarization and polarization relaxation significantly improve MA properties, which serves as a guide for fabricating comprehensive MA materials enjoying numerous advantages of high RL value, broad bandwidth, low density and thin thickness.

  11. Enhanced electrical contact of microbes using Fe(3)O(4)/CNT nanocomposite anode in mediator-less microbial fuel cell.

    PubMed

    Park, In Ho; Christy, Maria; Kim, Pil; Nahm, Kee Suk

    2014-08-15

    A novel Fe(3)O(4)/CNT nanocomposite was synthesized and employed for the modification of carbon paper anode in a mediator-less microbial fuel cell (MFC) to enhance its performance. The Fe(3)O(4)/CNT composite modified anodes with various Fe(3)O(4) contents were investigated to find the optimum ratio of the nanocomposite for the best MFC performance. The Fe(3)O(4)/CNT modified anodes produced much higher power densities than unmodified carbon anode and the 30wt% Fe3O4/CNT modified anode exhibited a maximum power density of 830mW/m(2). In the Fe(3)O(4)/CNT composite modified anode, Fe(3)O(4) helps to attach the CNT on anode surface by its magnetic attraction and forms a multi layered network, whereas CNT offers a better nanostructure environment for bacterial growth and helps electron transfer from E.coli to electrode resulting in the increase in the current production with the catalytic activity of bacteria. The electrocatalytic behavior and all possible mechanism for their better performance are discussed in detail with the help of various structural and electrochemical techniques. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Physiological effects of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles on perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and pumpkin (Cucurbita mixta) plants.

    PubMed

    Wang, Huanhua; Kou, Xiaoming; Pei, Zhiguo; Xiao, John Q; Shan, Xiaoquan; Xing, Baoshan

    2011-03-01

    To date, knowledge gaps and associated uncertainties remain unaddressed on the effects of nanoparticles (NPs) on plants. This study was focused on revealing some of the physiological effects of magnetite (Fe(3)O(4)) NPs on perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and pumpkin (Cucurbita mixta cv. white cushaw) plants under hydroponic conditions. This study for the first time reports that Fe(3)O(4) NPs often induced more oxidative stress than Fe(3)O(4) bulk particles in the ryegrass and pumpkin roots and shoots as indicated by significantly increased: (i) superoxide dismutase and catalase enzyme activities, and (ii) lipid peroxidation. However, tested Fe(3)O(4) NPs appear unable to be translocated in the ryegrass and pumpkin plants. This was supported by the following data: (i) No magnetization was detected in the shoots of either plant treated with 30, 100 and 500 mg l(-1) Fe(3)O(4) NPs; (ii) Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopic study confirmed that the coordination environment of Fe in these plant shoots was similar to that of Fe-citrate complexes, but not to that of Fe(3)O(4) NPs; and (iii) total Fe content in the ryegrass and pumpkin shoots treated with Fe(3)O(4) NPs was not significantly increased compared to that in the control shoots.

  13. Comparison of Photocatalytic Performance of Different Types of Graphene in Fe3O4/SnO2 Composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paramarta, Valentinus; Taufik, Ardiansyah; Saleh, Rosari

    2017-03-01

    We have reported the role of annealing temperature Fe3O4/SnO2 nanocomposites as a photocatalyst for remove methylene blue (MB) dye from aqueous solution. However, how to enhanced the degradation performance of Fe3O4/SnO2 nanocomposites is important to its photocatalytic application. Therefore, in this work Fe3O4/SnO2 nanocomposites was combined with two different types of graphene materials (NGP and grahene) to improve the photocatalytic performance for remove methylene blue (MB) dye. Fe3O4/SnO2/NGP and Fe3O4/SnO2/graphene have been successfully synthesized by co-precipitation method. The influence of two types graphene on Fe3O4/SnO2 nanocomposites properties were systematically investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). Degradation of methylene Blue (MB) in aqueous solution was studied in detail under photocatalytic process. Effect of catalyst dosage (0.1-0.4 g/L) and scavengers on dye degradation were carried out to check the efficiency of photocatalyst. The results indicated Fe3O4/SnO2/graphene displayed higher photocatalytic activity than other catalyst. The reusability tests have also been done to ensure the stability of the used photocatalyst.

  14. Functionalized graphene oxide/Fe3O4 hybrids for cellular magnetic resonance imaging and fluorescence labeling.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Chaohui; Wu, Hui; Wang, Mingliang; Huang, Chusen; Yang, Dapeng; Jia, Nengqin

    2017-09-01

    In this work, we developed a T2-weighted contrast agent based on graphene oxide (GO)/Fe3O4 hybrids for efficient cellular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The GO/Fe3O4 hybrids were obtained by combining with co-precipitation method and pyrolysis method. The structural, surface and magnetic characteristics of the hybrids were systematically characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), AFM, Raman, FT-IR and XRD. The GO/Fe3O4 hybrids were functionalized by modifying with anionic and cationic polyelectrolyte through layer-by-layer assembling. The fluorescence probe fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) was further loaded on the surface of functionalized GO/Fe3O4 hybrids to trace the location of GO/Fe3O4 hybrids in cells. Functionalized GO/Fe3O4 hybrids possess good hydrophilicity, less cytotoxicity, high MRI enhancement with the relaxivity (r2) of 493mM(-1)s(-1) as well as cellular MRI contrast effect. These obtained results indicated that the functionalized GO/Fe3O4 hybrids could have great potential to be utilized as cellular MRI contrast agents for tumor early diagnosis and monitoring. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Ferroic ordering and charge-spin-lattice order coupling in Gd doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laha, Suvra; Abdelhamid, Ehab; Palihawadana Arachchige, Maheshika; Dixit, Ambesh; Lawes, Gavin; Naik, Vaman; Naik, Ratna

    Rare earth doped spinels have been extensively studied for their potential applications in magneto-optical recording and as MRI contrast agents. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of gadolinium doping (1-5 at.%) on the magnetic and dielectric properties of Fe3O4nanoparticles synthesized by the chemical co-precipitation method. The structure and morphology of the as-synthesized gadolinium doped Fe3O4(Gd-Fe3O4) nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, SEM and TEM, and the magnetic properties were measured by a Quantum Design physical property measurement system. We find that the penetration of excess Gd3+ ions into Fe3O4 spinel matrix significantly influences the average crystallite size and saturation magnetization in Gd-Fe3O4. The average crystallite size, estimated from XRD using Scherrer equation, increases with increasing Gd doping percentage and the saturation magnetization drops monotonically with excess Gd3+ ions. Interestingly, Gd- Fe3O4develops enhanced ferroelectric ordering at low temperatures. The details of the temperature dependent dielectric, ferroelectric and magnetocapacitance measurements to understand the onset of charge-spin-lattice coupling in Gd-Fe3O4 system will be presented.

  16. Magnetically separable and recyclable Fe3O4-polydopamine hybrid hollow microsphere for highly efficient peroxidase mimetic catalysts.

    PubMed

    Liu, Shujun; Fu, Jianwei; Wang, Minghuan; Yan, Ya; Xin, Qianqian; Cai, Lu; Xu, Qun

    2016-05-01

    Magnetic Fe3O4-polydopamine (PDA) hybrid hollow microspheres, in which Fe3O4 nanoparticles were firmly incorporated in the cross-linked PDA shell, have been prepared through the formation of core/shell PS/Fe3O4-PDA composites based on template-induced covalent assembly method, followed by core removal in a tetrahydrofuran solution. The morphology, composition, thermal property and magnetic property of the magnetic hybrid hollow microspheres were characterized by SEM, TEM, FT-IR, XRD, TGA, and vibrating sample magnetometer, respectively. Results revealed that the magnetic hybrid hollow microspheres had about 380 nm of inner diameter and about 30 nm of shell thickness, and 13.6 emu g(-1) of magnetization saturation. More importantly, the Fe3O4-PDA hybrid hollow microspheres exhibited intrinsic peroxidase-like activity, as they could quickly catalyze the oxidation of typical substrates 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Compared with PDA/Fe3O4 composites where Fe3O4 nanoparticles were loaded on the surface of PDA microspheres, the stability of Fe3O4-PDA hybrid hollow microspheres was greatly improved. As-prepared magnetic hollow microspheres might open up a new application field in biodetection, biocatalysis, and environmental monitoring. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Ultrasound-assisted removal of Acid Red 17 using nanosized Fe3O4-loaded coffee waste hydrochar.

    PubMed

    Khataee, Alireza; Kayan, Berkant; Kalderis, Dimitrios; Karimi, Atefeh; Akay, Sema; Konsolakis, Michalis

    2017-03-01

    The Fe3O4-loaded coffee waste hydrochar (Fe3O4-CHC) was synthesized using a simple precipitation method. The as-prepared adsorbent was characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The EDX analysis indicated the presence of Fe in the structure of Fe3O4-CHC. The specific surface area of hydrochar increased from 17.2 to 34.7m(2)/g after loading of Fe3O4 nanoparticles onto it. The prepared Fe3O4-CHC was used for removal of Acid Red 17 (AR17) through ultrasound-assisted process. The decolorization efficiency decreased from 100 to 74% with the increase in initial dye concentration and from 100 to 91 and 85% in the presence of NaCl and Na2SO4, respectively. The synthesized Fe3O4-CHC exhibited good stability in the repeated adsorption-desorption cycles. The high correlation coefficient (R(2)=0.997) obtained from Langmuir model indicated that physical and monolayer adsorption of dye molecules occurred on the Fe3O4-CHC surface. Furthermore, the by-products generated through the degradation of AR17 was identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis.

  18. Preparation of Fe3O4 with high specific surface area and improved capacitance as a supercapacitor.

    PubMed

    Wang, Lu; Ji, Hongmei; Wang, Shasha; Kong, Lijuan; Jiang, Xuefan; Yang, Gang

    2013-05-07

    Here, we report for the first time a facile ultrasonic synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles using FeCl3 and the organic solvent ethanolamine (ETA). The intermediate of the ETA-Fe(II) complex produces Fe3O4 after hydrolysis and hydrothermal treatment. The moderate reduction of ETA and ultrasound play an important role in the synthesis of superfine Fe3O4 particles with a very high specific surface area (165.05 m(2) g(-1)). The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy (UV-vis). Fe3O4 as an electrode material was fabricated into a supercapacitor and characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. The as-synthesized Fe3O4 exhibits remarkable pseudocapacitive activities including high specific capacitance (207.7 F g(-1) at 0.4 A g(-1)), good rate capability (90.4 F g(-1) at 10 A g(-1)), and excellent cycling stability (retention 100% after 2000 cycles). This novel synthetic route towards Fe3O4 is a convenient and potential way of producing a secondary energy material which is expected to be applicable in the synthesis of other metal oxide nanoparticles.

  19. One-step solvothermal synthesis of magnetic Fe3O4-graphite composite for Fenton-like degradation of levofloxacin.

    PubMed

    Wang, Long; Zhao, Qi; Hou, Juan; Yan, Jin; Zhang, Fengshuang; Zhao, Jiahui; Ding, Hong; Li, Yi; Ding, Lan

    2016-01-01

    A novel Fe3O4-graphite composite was prepared, characterized, and investigated as a heterogeneous Fenton-like catalyst for the degradation of levofloxacin (LEV) in an aqueous solution. The results revealed that the Fe3O4-graphite composite exhibited excellent properties for the degradation and mineralization of LEV, achieving a nearly complete degradation of 50 mg L(-1) LEV in 15 min and 48% of total organic carbon removal in 60 min under optimal conditions. A large electronic conjugation structure exists in graphite, which may lead to the fast production of •OH radical species because of the easy reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II). In addition, we observed that the graphite can degrade LEV in the presence of H2O2. Therefore, the synergistic results of the graphite structure and Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) may contribute to the high catalytic activity of the Fe3O4-graphite composite. Compared with pure Fe3O4 MNPs, lesser iron leaching of the Fe3O4-graphite composite was observed during the degradation of LEV. The degradation efficiency of LEV remained approximately 80% at the fifth recycling run, which indicates that the Fe3O4-graphite composite has potential applications in water treatment for removing organic pollutants.

  20. Novel electrochemical sensing platform based on magnetic field-induced self-assembly of Fe3O4@Polyaniline nanoparticles for clinical detection of creatinine.

    PubMed

    Wen, Tingting; Zhu, Wanying; Xue, Cheng; Wu, Jinhua; Han, Qing; Wang, Xi; Zhou, Xuemin; Jiang, Huijun

    2014-06-15

    A novel electrochemical sensing platform based on magnetic field-induced self-assembly of Fe3O4@Polyaniline nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PANI NPs) has been for the first time fabricated for the sensitive detection of creatinine in biological fluids. The template molecule, creatinine, was self-assembled on the surface of Fe3O4@PANI NPs together with the functional monomer aniline by the formation of N-H hydrogen bonds. After pre-assembled, through the magnetic-induction of the magnetic glassy carbon electrode (MGCE), the ordered structure of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were established by the electropolymerization and assembled on the surface of MGCE with the help of magnetic fields by a simple one-step approach. The structural controllability of the MIPs film established by magnetic field-induced self-assembly was further studied. The stable and hydrophilic Fe3O4@PANI can not only provide available functionalized sites with which the template molecule creatinine can form hydrogen bond by the abundant amino groups in PANI matrix, but also afford a promoting pathway for electron transfer. The as-prepared molecularly imprinted electrochemical sensor (MIES) shows good stability and reproducibility for the determination of creatinine with the detection limit reached 0.35 nmol L(-1) (S/N=3). In addition, the highly sensitive and selective MIES has been successfully used for the clinical determination of creatinine in human plasma and urine samples. The average recoveries were 90.8-104.9% with RSD lower than 2.7%.

  1. Preparation of polydopamine-coated graphene oxide/Fe3O4 imprinted nanoparticles for selective removal of fluoroquinolone antibiotics in water.

    PubMed

    Tan, Feng; Liu, Min; Ren, Suyu

    2017-07-18

    Antibiotics in water have recently caused increasing concerns for public health and ecological environments. In this work, we demonstrated polydopamine-coated graphene oxide/Fe3O4 (PDA@GO/Fe3O4) imprinted nanoparticles coupled with magnetic separation for fast and selective removal of fluoroquinolone antibiotics in water. The nanoparticles were prepared by the self-polymerization of dopamine using sarafloxacin as a template. The imprinted PDA film of 10~20 nm uniformly covered the surface of GO/Fe3O4 providing selective binding sites. The nanoparticles showed rapid binding and a large capacity (70.9 mg/g). The adsorption data fitted well the Langmuir and pseudo-second order kinetic equations. The nanoparticles could be easily separated by a magnet following the adsorption and then regenerated by simple washing for repetitive adsorptions. The nanoparticles were successfully used for the removal of fluoroquinolone antibiotics in seawater, with removal efficiencies of more than 95%. The proposed strategy has potentials for efficient removal of antibiotics in environmental water.

  2. Synthesis of magnetically separable Ag3PO4/TiO2/Fe3O4 heterostructure with enhanced photocatalytic performance under visible light for photoinactivation of bacteria.

    PubMed

    Xu, Jing-Wen; Gao, Zhi-Da; Han, Kun; Liu, Yongmin; Song, Yan-Yan

    2014-09-10

    Silver orthophosphate (Ag3PO4) is a low-band-gap photocatalyst that has received considerable research interest in recent years. In this work, the magnetic Ag3PO4/TiO2/Fe3O4 heterostructured nanocomposite was synthesized. The nanocomposite was found to exhibit markedly enhanced photocatalytic activity, cycling stability, and long-term durability in the photodegradation of acid orange 7 (AO7) under visible light. Moreover, the antibacterial film prepared from Ag3PO4/TiO2/Fe3O4 nanocomposite presented excellent bactericidal activity and recyclability toward Escherichia coli (E. coli) cells under visible-light irradiation. In addition to the intrinsic cytotoxicity of silver ions, the elevated bactericidal efficiency of Ag3PO4/TiO2/Fe3O4 can be largely attributed to its highly enhanced photocatalytic activity. The photogenerated hydroxyl radicals and superoxide ions on the formed Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2 interfaces cause considerable morphological changes in the microorganism's cells and lead to the death of the bacteria.

  3. Ultrasonic irradiation-driven sonocatalytic degradation of methylene blue by ternary Fe3O4/ZnO/NGP nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harno, Faurul Fitri; Taufik, Ardiansyah; Saleh, Rosari

    2017-01-01

    In the current work, ZnO nanoparticles were modified by Fe3O4 and nanographene platelets (NGP) to enhance their sonocatalytic activity for degradation of methylene blue. The molar ratio between Fe3O4 and ZnO is 1:5, so we denote it as Fe3O4/5ZnO Ternary Fe3O4/5ZnO/NGP with various wt.% of nanographene platelets were fabricated by the sol-gel combining with the hydrothermal methods. The structure, chemical composition and surface area of ternary Fe3O4/5ZnO/NGP were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and surface area analyzer while the thermal properties were characterized by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) measurements. The magnetic properties of the samples were investigated using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The conditions such as the weight ratio of nanographene platelets in ternary Fe3O4/5ZnO/NGP, catalyst dose and reusability of catalyst were investigated to identify the degradation of methylene blue under ultrasonic irradiation. A possible mechanism was proposed for the degradation of methylene blue over ternary Fe3O4/5ZnO-nanographene platelets ultrasonic irradiation. The ternary Fe3O4/5ZnO-nanographene platelets can be separated from the system effectively and easily using external magnet field. A significant sonocatalytic activity after four successive recycles was recorded and confirmed that the structure of ternary Fe3O4/5ZnO-nanographene platelets is stable during the sonocatalytic process.

  4. Fast removal of malachite green dye using novel superparamagnetic sodium alginate-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Mohammadi, Abbas; Daemi, Hamed; Barikani, Mehdi

    2014-08-01

    In this study, superparamagnetic sodium alginate-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Alg-Fe3O4) as a novel magnetic adsorbent were prepared by in situ coprecipitation method, in which Fe3O4 nanoparticles were precipitated from FeCl3 and FeCl2 under alkaline medium in the presence of sodium alginate. The Alg-Fe3O4 nanoparticles were used for removal of malachite green (MG) from aqueous solutions using batch adsorption technique. The characterization of synthesized nanoparticles was performed using XRD, FTIR, TEM, TGA and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) techniques. FTIR analysis of synthesized nanoparticles provided the evidence that sodium alginate was successfully coated on the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The FT-IR and TGA characterization showed that the Alg-Fe3O4 nanoparticles contained about 14% (w/w) of sodium alginate. Moreover, TEM analysis indicated that the average diameter of the Alg-Fe3O4 nanoparticles was about 12nm. The effects of adsorbent dosage, pH and temperature were investigated on the adsorption properties of MG onto Alg-Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The equilibrium adsorption data were modeled using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The maximum adsorption capacity obtained from Langmuir isotherm equation was 47.84mg/g. The kinetics of adsorption of MG onto Alg-Fe3O4 nanoparticles were investigated using the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models. The results showed that the adsorption of MG onto nanoparticles followed pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Fast defluorination and removal of norfloxacin by alginate/Fe@Fe3O4 core/shell structured nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Niu, Hongyun; Dizhang; Meng, Zhaofu; Cai, Yaqi

    2012-08-15

    Alginate-Fe(2+)/Fe(3+) polymer coated Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles (Fe(3)O(4)@ALG/Fe MNPs) with core/shell structure are prepared and used as heterogeneous Fenton nanocatalyst to degrade norfloxacin (NOF). The Fenton-like process based on Fe(3)O(4)@ALG/Fe shows much higher efficiency on NOF degradation. Compared with Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticle-H(2)O(2) system, NOF degradation in Fe(3)O(4)@AlG/Fe-H(2)O(2) system can be conducted in a wide pH range (pH 3.5-6.5) and independent on temperature. With 0.98 mM H(2)O(2) and 0.4 g L(-1) Fe(3)O(4)@ALG/Fe, 100% of NOF and 90% of TOC is removed within 60 min, and the fluorine element in NOF molecule changes into F(-) ions within 1 min, indicating that NOF degradation in this Fenton-like reaction is performed through direct defluorination pathway. XPS analysis shows that TOC removal in reaction solution mainly results from the adsorption of NOF degradation intermediates on catalyst. Due to the paramagneticity and high saturation magnetization of Fe(3)O(4)@ALG/Fe, the used catalyst with adsorbed NOF intermediate is collected from aqueous solution by applying an external magnetic field, leading to complete removal of NOF from water samples. As being composed of inorganic materials and biopolymer, Fe(3)O(4)@ALG/Fe MNPs are robust, thermo-stable, nontoxic and environmentally friendly. These attractive features endow Fe(3)O(4)@ALG/Fe as a potent Fenton-like catalyst for fluoroquinolones degradation. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Magnetically separable Cu2O/chitosan-Fe3O4 nanocomposites: Preparation, characterization and visible-light photocatalytic performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Chunhua; Xiao, Ling; Chen, Chunhua; Cao, Qihua

    2015-04-01

    A novel magnetically-separable visible-light-induced photocatalyst, Cu2O/chitosan-Fe3O4 nanocomposite (Cu2O/CS-Fe3O4 NC), was prepared via a facile one-step precipitation-reduction process by using magnetic chitosan chelating copper ions as precursor. The structure and properties of Cu2O/CS-Fe3O4 NCs were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, SEM, HRTEM, SAED, EDS, BET, VSM, XPS and UV-vis/DRS. The photocatalytic activity of Cu2O/CS-Fe3O4 NCs was evaluated by decolorization of reactive brilliant red X-3B (X-3B) under visible light irradiation. The characterization results indicated that Cu2O/CS-Fe3O4 NCs exhibited relatively large specific surface areas and special dimodal pore structure because Cu2O was wrapped in chitosan matrix embedded with Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The tight combination of magnetic Fe3O4 and semiconductor Cu2O through chitosan made the nanocomposites show good superparamagnetism and photocatalytic activity. It was found that X-3B could be decolorized more efficiently in acidic media than in neutral or alkaline media. The decolorization of X-3B was ascribed to the synergistic effect of photocatalysis and adsorption. Cu2O/CS-Fe3O4 NCs could be easily separated from the solution by an external magnet, and the decolorization rates of X-3B were still above 87% after five reaction cycles, indicating that Cu2O/CS-Fe3O4 NCs had excellent reusability and stability.

  7. Preparation of multi-functionalized Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles for medical purposes.

    PubMed

    del Mar Ramos-Tejada, María; Viota, Julian L; Rudzka, Katarzyna; Delgado, Angel V

    2015-04-01

    In this work, we investigate a route towards the synthesis of multi-functionalized nanoparticles for medical purposes. The aim is to produce magnetite/gold (Fe3O4/Au) nanoparticles combining several complementary properties, specifically, being able to carry simultaneously an antitumor drug and a selected antibody chosen so as to improve specificity of the drug vehicle. The procedure included, firstly, the preparation of Fe3O4 cores coated with Au nanoparticles: this was achieved by using initially the layer-by-layer technique in order to coat the magnetite particles with a three polyelectrolyte (cationic-anionic-cationic) layer. With this, the particles became a good substrate for the growth of the gold layer in a well-defined core-shell structure. The resulting nanoparticles benefit from the magnetic properties of the magnetite and the robust chemistry and the biostability of gold surfaces. Subsequently, the Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles were functionalized with a humanized monoclonal antibody, bevacizumab, and a chemotherapy drug, doxorubicin. Taken together, bevacizumab enhances the therapeutic effect of chemotherapy agents on some kinds of tumors. In this work we first discuss the morphology of the particles and the electrical characteristics of their surface in the successive synthesis stages. Special attention is paid to the chemical stability of the final coating, and the physical stability of the suspensions of the nanoparticles in aqueous solutions and phosphate buffer. We describe how optical absorbance and electrokinetic data provide a follow up of the progress of the nanostructure formation. Additionally, the same techniques are employed to demonstrate that the composite nanoparticles are capable of loading/releasing doxorubicin and/or bevacizumab. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Use of aerosol route to fabricate positively charged Au/Fe3O4 Janus nanoparticles as multifunctional nanoplatforms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Byeon, Jeong Hoon; Park, Jae Hong

    2016-10-01

    Gold (Au)-decorated iron oxide (Fe3O4), Au/Fe3O4, Janus nanoparticles were fabricated via the continuous route for aerosol Au incorporation with Fe3O4 domains synthesized in an aqueous medium as multifunctional nanoplatforms. The fabricated nanoparticles were subsequently exposed to 185-nm UV light to generate positive charges on Au surfaces, and their activities were tested in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, gene-delivery and photothermal therapy. No additional polymeric coatings of the Janus particles also had a unique ability to suppress inflammatory responses in macrophages challenged with lipopolysaccharide, which may be due to the absence of amine groups.

  9. Self-assembly of Fe 3 O 4 nanocrystal-clusters into cauliflower-like architectures: Synthesis and characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Lu-Ping; Liao, Gui-Hong; Bing, Nai-Ci; Wang, Lin-Lin; Xie, Hong-Yong

    2011-09-01

    Large-scale cauliflower-like Fe 3O 4 architectures consist of well-assembled magnetite nanocrystal clusters have been synthesized by a simple solvothermal process. The as-synthesized Fe 3O 4 samples were characterized by XRD, XPS, FT-IR, SEM, TEM, etc. The results show that the samples exhibit cauliflower-like hierarchical microstructures. The influences of synthesis parameters on the morphology of the samples were experimentally investigated. Magnetic properties of the Fe 3O 4 cauliflower-like hierarchical microstructures have been detected by VSM at room temperature, showing a relatively low saturation magnetization of 65 emu/g and an enhanced coercive force of 247 Oe.

  10. Recent advances in the synthesis of Fe3O4@AU core/shell nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salihov, Sergei V.; Ivanenkov, Yan A.; Krechetov, Sergei P.; Veselov, Mark S.; Sviridenkova, Natalia V.; Savchenko, Alexander G.; Klyachko, Natalya L.; Golovin, Yury I.; Chufarova, Nina V.; Beloglazkina, Elena K.; Majouga, Alexander G.

    2015-11-01

    Fe3O4@Au core/shell nanoparticles have unique magnetic and optical properties. These nanoparticles are used for biomedical applications, such as magnetic resonance imaging, photothermal therapy, controlled drug delivery, protein separation, biosensors, DNA detection, and immunosensors. In this review, recent methods for the synthesis of core/shell nanoparticles are discussed. We divided all of the synthetic methods in two groups: methods of synthesis of bi-layer structures and methods of synthesis of multilayer composite structures. The latter methods have a layer of "glue" material between the core and the shell.

  11. Fe3O4(110)-(1 × 3) revisited: Periodic (111) nanofacets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parkinson, Gareth S.; Lackner, Peter; Gamba, Oscar; Maaß, Sebastian; Gerhold, Stefan; Riva, Michele; Bliem, Roland; Diebold, Ulrike; Schmid, Michael

    2016-07-01

    The structure of the Fe3O4(110)-(1 × 3) surface was studied with scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), and reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED). The so-called one-dimensional reconstruction is characterized by bright rows that extend hundreds of nanometers in the [ 1 bar10] direction and have a periodicity of 2.52 nm in [001] in STM. It is concluded that this reconstruction is the result of a periodic faceting to expose {111}-type planes with a lower surface energy.

  12. Morphology and magnetic flux distribution in superparamagnetic, single-crystalline Fe3O4 nanoparticle rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takeno, Yumu; Murakami, Yasukazu; Sato, Takeshi; Tanigaki, Toshiaki; Park, Hyun Soon; Shindo, Daisuke; Ferguson, R. Matthew; Krishnan, Kannan M.

    2014-11-01

    This study reports on the correlation between crystal orientation and magnetic flux distribution of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the form of self-assembled rings. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that the nanoparticles were single-crystalline, highly monodispersed, (25 nm average diameter), and showed no appreciable lattice imperfections such as twins or stacking faults. Electron holography studies of these superparamagnetic nanoparticle rings indicated significant fluctuations in the magnetic flux lines, consistent with variations in the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the nanoparticles. The observations provide useful information for a deeper understanding of the micromagnetics of ultrasmall nanoparticles, where the magnetic dipolar interaction competes with the magnetic anisotropy.

  13. Folate-conjugated luminescent Fe3O4 nanoparticles for magnetic hyperthermia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barick, K. C.; Rana, Suman; Hassan, P. A.

    2014-04-01

    We demonstrate a facile approach for the synthesis of folate-conjugated luminescent iron oxide nanoparticles (FLIONs). XRD and TEM analyses reveal the formation of highly crystalline single-phase Fe3O4 nanoparticles of size about 10 nm. The conjugation of folate receptor (folic acid, FA) and luminescent molecule (fluorescein isothiocyanate, FITC) onto the surface of nanoparticles was evident from FTIR and UV-visible spectroscopy. These FLIONs show good colloidal stability, high magnetic field responsivity and excellent self-heating efficacy. Specifically, a new class of magnetic nanoparticles has been fabricated, which can be used as an effective heating source for hyperthermia.

  14. Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO/Nano graphene platelets (Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO/NGP) composites prepared by sol-gel method with enhanced sonocatalytic activity for the removal of dye

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hendry, Tju; Taufik, Ardiansyah; Saleh, Rosari

    2016-04-01

    In this study, an attempt has been made to synthesize nanographene platelets coupled with Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO (Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO/NGP) with various ZnO loadings using a two step methods, sol-gel followed by hydrothermal method. Characterization was carried out by X-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer. The sonocatalytic performance was evaluated by degradation of methylene blue under ultrasonic irradiation.The Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO/NGP showed superior sonocatalytic activity than the Fe3O4/CuO/ZnO materials. They also showed high stability and can be easily separated from the reaction system for recycling process.

  15. Porous Hollow Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Targeted Delivery and Controlled Release of Cisplatin

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Kai; Peng, Sheng; Xu, Chenjie; Sun, Shouheng

    2009-01-01

    We report a new approach to cisplatin storage and release using porous hollow nanoparticles (PHNPs) of Fe3O4. We prepared the PHNPs by controlled oxidation of Fe NPs at 250°C followed by acid etching. The opening pores (~2–4 nm) facilitated the cisplatin diffusion into the cavity of the hollow structure. The porous shell was stable in neutral or basic physiological conditions and cisplatin escape from the cavity through the same pores was diffusion-controlled slow process with t1/2 = 16 hrs. But in low pH (< 6) conditions, the pores were subject to acidic etching, resulting in wider pore gaps and faster release of cisplatin with t1/2 < 4 hrs. Once coupled with Herceptin to the surface, the cisplatin-loaded hollow NPs could target to breast cancer SK-BR-3 cells with IC50 reaching 2.9 μM, much lower than 6.8 μM needed for free cisplatin. Our model experiments indicate that the low pH-responsive PHNPs of Fe3O4 can be exploited as a cisplatin delivery vehicle for target-specific therapeutic applications. PMID:19722635

  16. Functionalized Fe3O4@Au superparamagnetic nanoparticles: in vitro bioactivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salado, J.; Insausti, M.; Lezama, L.; Gil de Muro, I.; Moros, M.; Pelaz, B.; Grazu, V.; de la Fuente, J. M.; Rojo, T.

    2012-08-01

    The interaction of nanoparticles with cells has been a focus of interest during the past decade. We report the fabrication and characterization of hydrosoluble Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles functionalized with biocompatible and fluorescent molecules and their interaction with cell cultures by visualizing them with confocal microscopy. Gold covered iron oxide nanoparticles were synthesized by reducing metal salts in the presence of oleylamine and oleic acid. The functionalization of these particles with an amphiphilic polymer provides a water soluble corona as well as the possibility to incorporate different molecules relevant for bio-applications such as poly(ethylene glycol), glucose or a cadaverine derived dye. The particle size, and the presence of polymer layers and conjugated molecules were characterized and confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric measurements and infrared spectroscopy. A complete magnetic study was performed, showing that gold provides an optimum coating, which enhances the superparamagnetic behaviour observed above 10-15 K in this kind of nanoparticle. The interaction with cells and the cytotoxicity of the Fe3O4@Au preparations were determined upon incubation with the HeLa cell line. These nanoparticles showed no cytotoxicity when evaluated by the MTT assay and it was demonstrated that nanoparticles clearly interacted with the cells, showing a higher level of accumulation in the cells for glucose conjugated nanoparticles.

  17. Thermodynamic Properties of α-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 Nanoparticles

    DOE PAGES

    Spencer, Elinor C.; Ross, Nancy L.; Olsen, Rebecca E.; ...

    2015-04-21

    Here we comprehansively assessed the thermodynamic properties of hydrated α-Fe2O3 (hematite) and Fe3O4 (magnetite) nanoparticles. In addition to 9 nm Fe3O4, three α-e2O3nanoparticles samples of different sizes (11, 14, and 25 nm) and bulk α-e2O3 have been evaluated by inelastic neutron scattering methods. The contribution of the two-level magnetic spin flip transition to the heat capacity of the α-e2O3 particles has been determined. The isochoric heat capacity of the water confined on the surface of these two types of iron oxide particles have been calculated from their INS spectra, and is affected by the chemical composition of the underlying particle.more » Furthermore, the heat capacity and dynamics of the particle hydration layers appear to be influenced by a complex array of factors including particle size, water coverage, and possibly the magnetic state of the particle itself.« less

  18. Linear birefringence and dichroism measurement in oil-based Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Jing-Fung; Wang, Chia-Hung; Lee, Meng-Zhe

    2013-04-01

    To prepare dispersed Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), we adopt a co-precipitation method and consider surfactant amount, stirring speed, dispersion mode, and molar ratio of Fe3+/Fe2+. Via transmission electronic microscopy and X-ray diffractometry, we characterize the dispersibility and size of the products and determine the appropriate values of experimental parameters. The stirring speed is 1000 rpm in titration. There is simultaneous ultrasonic vibration and mechanical stirring in the titration and surface coating processes. The surfactant amount of oleic acid is 1.2 ml for molar ratios of Fe3+/Fe2+ as 1.7:1, 1.8:1, and 1.9:1. The average diameters of these Fe3O4 MNPs are 11 nm, and the ratios of saturation magnetization for these MNPs to that of bulk magnetite range from 45% to 65%, with remanent magnetization close to zero and low coercivity. Above all, the linear birefringence and dichroism measurements of the kerosene-based ferrofluid (FF) samples are investigated by a Stokes polarimeter. The influences of particle size distribution and magnetization in the birefringence and dichroism measurements of FFs are discussed.

  19. Facile Synthesis of Fe3O4/GCs Composites and Their Enhanced Microwave Absorption Properties.

    PubMed

    Jian, Xian; Wu, Biao; Wei, Yufeng; Dou, Shi Xue; Wang, Xiaolin; He, Weidong; Mahmood, Nasir

    2016-03-09

    Graphene has good stability and adjustable dielectric properties along with tunable morphologies, and hence can be used to design novel and high-performance functional materials. Here, we have reported a facile synthesis method of nanoscale Fe3O4/graphene capsules (GCs) composites using the combination of catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) and hydrothermal process. The resulting composite has the advantage of unique morphology that offers better synergism among the Fe3O4 particles as well as particles and GCs. The microwave-absorbing characteristics of developed composites were investigated through experimentally measured electromagnetic properties and simulation studies based on the transmission line theory, explained on the basis of eddy current, natural and exchange resonance, as well as dielectric relaxation processes. The composites bear minimum RL value of -32 dB at 8.76 GHz along with the absorption bandwidth range from 5.4 to 17 GHz for RL lower than -10 dB. The better performance of the composite based on the reasonable impedance characteristic, existence of interfaces around the composites, and the polarization of free carriers in 3D GCs that make the as-prepared composites capable of absorbing microwave more effectively. These results offer an effective way to design high-performance functional materials to facilitate the research in electromagnetic shielding and microwave absorption.

  20. Thermal stability of nonmagnetic Cd and In impurities in Fe3O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sato, W.; Ida, T.; Komatsuda, S.; Fujisawa, T.; Takenaka, S.; Ohkubo, Y.

    2016-10-01

    Magnetite (Fe3O4) was doped with radioactive 111mCd and 111In ions as impurities, and their residence sites and thermal stability were investigated by means of time-differential perturbed angular correlation (TDPAC) spectroscopy. Well-defined TDPAC spectra unequivocally show their sites: Cd ions are stably located only in the tetrahedral A site in all the temperature range of the present observation (77 K-873 K); In ions also specifically occupy the A site at low temperature, but at high temperature part of them select the B site in a reversible fashion. The energy difference between the A and B sites for the accommodation of In was experimentally determined to be 0.119 (9) eV by assuming a Boltzmann distribution for the populations of the 111In probe in the respective sites. The element-dependent thermal stabilities observed for Cd and In were well corroborated by density functional theory calculations. The successful observation of thermally activated site-to-site displacement of impurity In ions in Fe3O4 is reported.

  1. Fe3O4/salicylic acid nanoparticles versatility in magnetic mediated vascular nanoblockage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mîndrilă, I.; Buteică, S. A.; Mihaiescu, D. E.; Badea, G.; Fudulu, A.; Mărgăritescu, D. N.

    2016-01-01

    An aqueous dispersion of Fe3O4/salicylic acid magnetic nanoparticles (SaMNPs) was synthesized by a modified Massart method, characterized by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES), High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) methods, and tested on the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model to evaluate biocompatibility, biodistribution, intravascular time persistence, and ability to be magnetically target driven in order to block the blood supply into a tumor xenograft. ICP-OES, DLS, and HRTEM SaMNPs sample analyses showed a 0.356 mg/mL Fe concentration, a good stability in water (average Zeta potential of 39.3 mV), a hydrodynamic diameter around 52 nm and a core diameter in the 7-15 nm range for the Fe3O4 nanoparticles. In vivo CAM assay showed that SaMNPs were biocompatible with the chick embryo, were fixed almost completely by the liver, had no embolic potential, and a threshold-dose-dependent intravascular magnetic targeting time. Study on the CAM tumor model showed that SaMNPs could be used for long-term magnetically mediated nanoblocking of the capillary networks and 70-µm smaller arterioles.

  2. Fluorescent magnetic Fe3 O4 /rare Earth colloidal nanoparticles for dual-modality imaging.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Haie; Shang, Yalei; Wang, Wenhao; Zhou, Yingjie; Li, Penghui; Yan, Kai; Wu, Shuilin; Yeung, Kelvin W K; Xu, Zushun; Xu, Haibo; Chu, Paul K

    2013-09-09

    Fluorescent magnetic colloidal nanoparticles (FMCNPs) are produced by a two-step, seed emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization in the presence of oleic acid and sodium undecylenate-modified Fe3 O4 nanoparticles (NPs). The Fe3 O4 /poly(St-co-GMA) nanoparticles are first synthesized as the seed and Eu(AA)3 Phen is copolymerized with the remaining St and GMA to form the fluorescent polymer shell in the second step. The uniform core-shell structured FMCNPs with a mean diameter of 120 nm exhibit superparamagnetism with saturation magnetization of 1.92 emu/g. Red luminescence from the FMCNPs is confirmed by the salient fluorescence emission peaks of europium ions at 594 and 619 nm as well as 2-photon confocal scanning laser microscopy. The in vitro cytotoxicity test conducted using the MTT assay shows good cytocompatibility and the T2 relaxivity of the FMCNPs is 353.86 mM(-1) S(-1) suggesting its potential in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In vivo MRI studies based on a rat model show significantly enhanced T2 -weighted images of the liver after administration and prussian blue staining of the liver tissue slice reveals accumulation of FMCNPs in the organ. The cytocompatibility, superparamagnetism, and excellent fluorescent properties of FMCNPs make them suitable for biological imaging probes in MRI and optical imaging.

  3. Fe3O4-based PLGA nanoparticles as MR contrast agents for the detection of thrombosis

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Jia; Xu, Jie; Zhou, Jun; Zhang, Yu; Guo, Dajing; Wang, Zhigang

    2017-01-01

    Thrombotic disease is a great threat to human health, and early detection is particularly important. Magnetic resonance (MR) molecular imaging provides noninvasive imaging with the potential for early disease diagnosis. In this study, we developed Fe3O4-based poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) surface-modified with a cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD) peptide as an MR contrast agent for the detection of thrombosis. The physical and chemical characteristics, biological toxicity, ability to target thrombi, and biodistribution of the NPs were studied. The Fe3O4-PLGA-cRGD NPs were constructed successfully, and hematologic and pathologic assays indicated no in vivo toxicity of the NPs. In a rat model of FeCl3-induced abdominal aorta thrombosis, the NPs readily and selectively accumulated on the surface of the thrombosis and under vascular endothelial cells ex vivo and in vivo. In the in vivo experiment, the biodistribution of the NPs suggested that the NPs might be internalized by the macrophages of the reticuloendothelial system in the liver and the spleen. The T2 signal decreased at the mural thrombus 10 min after injection and then gradually increased until 50 min. These results suggest that the NPs are suitable for in vivo molecular imaging of thrombosis under high shear stress conditions and represent a very promising MR contrast agent for sensitive and specific detection of thrombosis. PMID:28223802

  4. Water dispersible oleic acid-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles for biomedical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shete, P. B.; Patil, R. M.; Tiwale, B. M.; Pawar, S. H.

    2015-03-01

    Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have proved their tremendous potential to be used for various biomedical applications. Oleic acid (OA) is widely used in ferrite nanoparticle synthesis because it can form a dense protective monolayer, thereby producing highly uniform and monodispersed particles. Capping agents such as oleic acid are often used because they form a protective monolayer, which is strongly bonded to the surface of nanoparticles. This is necessary for making monodisperse and highly uniform MNPs. Coating of Fe3O4 MNPs with OA makes the particles dispersible only in organic solvents and consequently limits their use for biomedical applications. Hence, in this work, the OA coated MNPs were again functionalized with chitosan (CS), in order to impart hydrophilicity on their surface. All the morphological, magnetic, colloidal and cytotoxic characteristics of the resulting core-shells were studied thoroughly. Their heating induction ability was studied to predict their possible use in hyperthermia therapy of cancer. Specific absorption rate was found to be increased than that of bare MNPs.

  5. Preparation and Characterization of Graphene/Fe3O4 Composites by Solvothermal Method.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Lin; Peng, Xiaoling; Wang, Xinqing; Jin, Dingfeng; Jin, Hongxiao; Ge, Hongliang

    2015-06-01

    In the present study, graphene/Fe3O4 nanocomposites were prepared by solvothermal method using graphite oxide (GO) and FeCl3 x 6H2O as starting materials and the products were characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electronic Microscope (SEM) and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). Effects of Fe ion concentration, temperature and time of solvothermal reaction on the magnetic properties, microstructures and morphologies of graphene/Fe3O4 nanocomposites were investigated. The results showed that with the raising of Fe ion, particle size of the products became bigger, and saturation magnetization of the products got higher. The saturation magnetization and particle size of the products can be enhanced by increasing the reaction time and temperature, but the change of saturation magnetization and particle size were not obvious after the time got 8 h and temperature was at 200 degrees C, which demonstrated that the products became stable under this condition. The morphologies, microstructures and properties of products can be controlled by adjusting synthesis conditions.

  6. Preparation of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles coated with gallic acid for drug delivery

    PubMed Central

    Dorniani, Dena; Hussein, Mohd Zobir Bin; Kura, Aminu Umar; Fakurazi, Sharida; Shaari, Abdul Halim; Ahmad, Zalinah

    2012-01-01

    Background and methods Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were prepared using a sonochemical method under atmospheric conditions at a Fe2+ to Fe3+ molar ratio of 1:2. The iron oxide nanoparticles were subsequently coated with chitosan and gallic acid to produce a core-shell structure. Results X-ray diffraction demonstrated that the magnetic nanoparticles were pure Fe3O4 with a cubic inverse spinel structure. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were of spherical shape with a mean diameter of 11 nm, compared with 13 nm for the iron oxide-chitosan-gallic acid (FCG) nanocarriers. Conclusion The magnetic nanocarrier enhanced the thermal stability of the drug, gallic acid. Release of the active drug from the FCG nanocarrier was found to occur in a controlled manner. The gallic acid and FCG nanoparticles were not toxic in a normal human fibroblast (3T3) line, and anticancer activity was higher in HT29 than MCF7 cell lines. PMID:23166439

  7. Fe3O4/carbon hybrid nanoparticle electrodes for high-capacity electrochemical capacitors.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jun Seop; Shin, Dong Hoon; Jun, Jaemoon; Lee, Choonghyeon; Jang, Jyongsik

    2014-06-01

    Fe3O4/carbon hybrid nanoparticles (FeCHNPs) were fabricated using dual-nozzle electrospraying, vapor deposition polymerization (VDP), and carbonization. FeOOH nanoneedles decorated with polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles (FePNPs) were fabricated by electrospraying pristine PPy mixed with FeCl3 solution, followed by heating stirring reaction. A PPy coating was then formed on the FeOOH nanoneedles through a VDP process. FeCHNPs were produced through carbonization of PPy and FeOOH phase transitions. These hybrid carbon nanoparticles (NPs) were used to build electrodes of electrochemical capacitors. The specific capacitance of the FeCHNPs was 455 F g(-1), which is larger than that of pristine PPy NPs (105 F g(-1)) or other hybrid PPy NPs. Furthermore, the FeCHNP-based capacitors exhibited better cycle stability during charge-discharge cycling than other hybrid NP capacitors. This is because the carbon layer on the Fe3 O4 surface formed a protective coating, preventing damage to the electrode materials during the charge-discharge processes. This fabrication technique is an effective approach for forming stable carbon/metal oxide nanostructures for energy storage applications.

  8. Sonocatalytic Methylene Blue in The Presence of Fe3O4-CuO-TiO2 Nanocomposites Heterostructure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fauzian, Malleo; Jalaludin, Shofianina; Taufik, Ardiansyah; Saleh, Rosari

    2016-04-01

    In this work, the emphasis was mainly placed on investigating the sonocatalytic activity of Fe3O4-CuO-TiO2 nanocomposites heterostructure. The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) Surface Area Analysis. Methylene blue dye was selected to examine the sonocatalytic activity of Fe3O4-CuO-TiO2 nanocomposites heterostructure. The degradation reaction processes were monitored by UV-vis spectrophotometer. The influence on the activity of the Fe3O4-CuO-TiO2 nanocomposites heterostructure such as TiO2 loading was studied. The sonocatalyst Fe3O4-CuO-TiO2 with molar ratio of 1:1:5 showed the highest sonocatalytic activity. At last, the experiment also indicated that holes are the main reactive species in the photodegradation mechanism in methylene blue.

  9. Facile graft of poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) onto Fe(3) O(4) nanoparticles by ATRP: synthesis, properties, and biocompatibility.

    PubMed

    Sun, Xiao-Yan; Yu, Shou-Shan; Wan, Jia-Qi; Chen, Ke-Zheng

    2013-02-01

    Magnetite (Fe(3) O(4) ) nanoparticles with the surface hydroxyl groups were achieved by a polyol process. Using 2-(4-chlorosulfonylphenyl) ethyltrichlorosilane (CTCS) as initiator, 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) as monomer, poly(2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC)-grafted Fe(3) O(4) nanoparticles (MNP) were successfully prepared via the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) method. The successful grafting of PMPC on the Fe(3) O(4) nanoparticles surface was ascertained from the FTIR analysis. The modified nanoparticles (MNP-CTCS-PMPC) showed a good biocompatibility in the cytotoxicity test in vitro. Performance testing of MNP-CTCS-PMPC was performed through magnetic resonance analysis (MR), and its r(2) /r(1) value was 24.1. These results indicated that the modified Fe(3) O(4) nanoparticles would be a potential MRI contrast reagent.

  10. Bias voltage-dependent low field spin transport properties of Fe3O4-PEG with different particle sizes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Chunlong; Wang, Zhen; Wang, Lei; Shi, Gang; Hou, Zhaoyang; Xi, Li

    2016-08-01

    Spin-dependent transport properties of Fe3O4 spheres with diameters from 200 nm to 900 nm have been investigated and polyethylene glycol (PEG) exists on the surface of Fe3O4 particles. The nonlinear I-V curve became obvious with the increase of Fe3O4 diameter, which indicated the tunneling barrier height decreases with the increasing diameter. The magnetoresistance (MR) can reach -13% with an applied low field of 0.2 T at room temperature. With the diameter increase, the MR decreases and the required applied field increases. Moreover, the decrease of MR with the bias voltage increase can be attributed to the spin-dependent tunneling effect through the insulating surface layer of Fe3O4 and PEG.

  11. Facile deposition of gold nanoparticles on core-shell Fe3O4@polydopamine as recyclable nanocatalyst

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Yan; Yeh, Yaowen; Liu, Rui; You, Jinmao; Qu, Fengli

    2015-07-01

    A simple and green method for the controllable synthesis of core-shell Fe3O4 polydopamine nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA NPs) with tunable shell thickness and their application as a recyclable nanocatalyst support is presented. Magnetite Fe3O4 NPs formed in a one-pot process by the hydrothermal approach with a diameter of ˜240 nm were coated with a polydopamine shell layer with a tunable thickness of 15-45 nm. The facile deposition of Au NPs atop Fe3O4@PDA NPs was achieved by utilizing PDA as both the reducing agent and the coupling agent. The satellite nanocatalysts exhibited high catalytic performance for the reduction of p-nitrophenol. Furthermore, the recovery and reuse of the catalyst was demonstrated 8 times without detectible loss in activity. The synergistic combination of unique features of PDA and magnetic nanoparticles establishes these core-shell NPs as a versatile platform for potential applications.

  12. Highly regenerable carbon-Fe3O4 core-satellite nanospheres as oxygen reduction electrocatalyst and magnetic adsorbent

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Wenqiang; Liu, Minmin; Cai, Chao; Zhou, Haijun; Liu, Rui

    2017-02-01

    We present the synthesis and multifunctional utilization of core-satellite carbon-Fe3O4 nanoparticles to serve as the enabling platform for a range of applications including oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and magnetic adsorbent. Starting from polydopamine (PDA) nanoparticles and Fe(NO3)3, carbon-Fe3O4 core-satellite nanospheres are synthesized through successive steps of impregnation, ammoniation and carbonization. The synergistic combination of Fe3O4 and N-doped carbon endows the nanocomposite with high electrochemical activity in ORR and mainly four electrons transferred in reaction process. Furthermore, carbon-Fe3O4 nanoparticles used as magnetic adsorbent exhibit the efficient removal of Rhodamine B from an aqueous solution. The recovery and reuse of the adsorbent is demonstrated 5 times without any detectible loss in activity.

  13. Fabrication of graphene oxide decorated with Fe3O4@SiO2 for immobilization of cellulase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yue; Wang, Xiang-Yu; Jiang, Xiao-Ping; Ye, Jing-Jing; Zhang, Ye-Wang; Zhang, Xiao-Yun

    2015-01-01

    Fe3O4@SiO2-graphene oxide (GO) composites were successfully fabricated by chemical binding of functional Fe3O4@SiO2 and GO and applied to immobilization of cellulase via covalent attachment. The prepared composites were further characterized by transmission electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were monodisperse spheres with a mean diameter of 17 ± 0.2 nm. The thickness of SiO2 layer was calculated as being 6.5 ± 0.2 nm. The size of Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs was 24 ± 0.3 nm, similar to that of Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2. Fe3O4@SiO2-GO composites were synthesized by linking of Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2 NPs to GO with the catalysis of EDC and NHS. The prepared composites were used for immobilization of cellulase. A high immobilization yield and efficiency of above 90 % were obtained after the optimization. The half-life of immobilized cellulase (722 min) was 3.34-fold higher than that of free enzyme (216 min) at 50 °C. Compared with the free cellulase, the optimal temperature of the immobilized enzyme was not changed; but the optimal pH was shifted from 5.0 to 4.0, and the thermal stability was enhanced. The immobilized cellulase could be easily separated and reused under magnetic field. These results strongly indicate that the cellulase immobilized onto the Fe3O4@SiO2-GO composite has potential applications in the production of bioethanol.

  14. Colorimetric aptasensing of ochratoxin A using Au@Fe3O4 nanoparticles as signal indicator and magnetic separator.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chengquan; Qian, Jing; Wang, Kun; Yang, Xingwang; Liu, Qian; Hao, Nan; Wang, Chengke; Dong, Xiaoya; Huang, Xingyi

    2016-03-15

    Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) doped Fe3O4 (Au@Fe3O4) NPs have been synthesized by a facile one-step solvothermal method. The peroxidase-like activity of Au@Fe3O4 NPs was effectively enhanced due to the synergistic effect between the Fe3O4 NPs and Au NPs. On this basis, an efficient colorimetric aptasensor has been developed using the intrinsic dual functionality of the Au@Fe3O4 NPs as signal indicator and magnetic separator. Initially, the amino-modified aptamer specific for a typical mycotoxin, ochratoxin A (OTA), was surface confined on the amino-terminated glass beads surafce using glutaraldehyde as a linker. Subsequently, the amino-modified capture DNA (cDNA) was labeled with the amino-functionalized Au@Fe3O4 NPs and the aptasensor was thus fabricated through the hybridization reaction between cDNA and the aptamers. While upon OTA addition, aptamers preferred to form the OTA-aptamer complex and the Au@Fe3O4 NPs linked on the cDNA were released into the bulk solution. Through a simple magnetic separation, the collected Au@Fe3O4 NPs can produce a blue colored solution in the presence of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine and H2O2. When the reaction was terminated by addition of H(+) ions, the blue product could be changed into a yellow one with higher absorption intensity. This colorimetric aptasensor can detect as low as 30 pgmL(-1) OTA with high specificity. To the best of our knowledge, the present colorimetric aptasensor is the first attempt to use the peroxidase-like activity of nanomaterial for OTA detection, which may provide an acttractive path toward routine quality control of food safety. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Facile and straightforward synthesis of superparamagnetic reduced graphene oxide-Fe3O4 hybrid composite by a solvothermal reaction.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yue-Wen; Guan, Meng-Xue; Feng, Lan; Deng, Shun-Liu; Bao, Jian-Feng; Xie, Su-Yuan; Chen, Zhong; Huang, Rong-Bin; Zheng, Lan-Sun

    2013-01-18

    A superparamagnetic reduced graphene oxide-Fe(3)O(4) hybrid composite (rGO-Fe(3)O(4)) was prepared via a facile and straightforward method through the solvothermal reaction of iron (III) acetylacetonate (Fe(acac)(3)) and graphene oxide (GO) in ethylenediamine (EDA) and water. By this method, chemical reduction of GO as well as the formation of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs) can be achieved in one step. The Fe(3)O(4) NPs are firmly deposited on the surfaces of rGO, avoiding their reassembly to graphite. The rGO sheets prevent the agglomeration of Fe(3)O(4) NPs and enable a uniform dispersion of these metal oxide particles. The size distribution and coverage density of Fe(3)O(4) NPs deposited on rGO can be controlled by varying the initial mass ratio of GO and iron precursor, Fe(acac)(3). With an initial mass ratio of GO and Fe(acac)(3) of 5:5, the surfaces of rGO sheets are densely covered by spherical Fe(3)O(4) NPs with an average size of 19.9 nm. The magnetic-functionalized rGO hybrid exhibits a good magnetic property and the specific saturation magnetization (M(s)) is 13.2 emu g(-1). The adsorption test of methylene blue from aqueous solution demonstrates the potential application of this rGO-Fe(3)O(4) hybrid composite in removing organic dyes from polluted water.

  16. Enhanced rate performance and cyclic stability of Fe3O4-graphene nanocomposites for Li ion battery anodes.

    PubMed

    Behera, Shantanu K

    2011-10-07

    Monodispersed Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles of size ∼10 nm were processed by a simple ultrasonic assisted co-precipitation method, mechanically mixed with graphene oxide, and thermally reduced to form a magnetite-graphene composite. Electrochemical characterization of the Fe(3)O(4)-graphene nanocomposites showed excellent capacity in excess of 1200 mA h g(-1), and exceptional stability during high current cycling for at least 1000 cycles.

  17. A mild synthetic route to Fe3O4@TiO2-Au composites: preparation, characterization and photocatalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Jianqi; Guo, Shaobo; Guo, Xiaohua; Ge, Hongguang

    2015-10-01

    To prevent and avoid magnetic loss caused by magnetite core phase transitions involved in high-temperature crystallization of sol-gel TiO2, a direct and feasible low-temperature crystallization technique was developed to deposit anatase TiO2 nanoparticle shell on Fe3O4 sphere cores. To promote the photocatalytic efficiency of the obtained core-shell Fe3O4@TiO2 magnetic photocatalyst, uniformly distributed Au nanoparticles (NPs) were successfully immobilized on the core-shell Fe3O4@TiO2 spheres via a seed-mediated growth procedure. The 3 nm Au colloid absorbed on Fe3O4@TiO2 served as a nucleation site for the growth of Au NPs overlayer. The morphology, structure, composition and magnetism of the resulting composites were characterized, and their photocatalytic activities were also evaluated. In comparison to Fe3O4@TiO2, Fe3O4@TiO2-Au exhibited higher photocatalytic activity for organic degradation under UV irradiation. This enhanced mechanism may have resulted from efficient charge separation of photogenerated electrons and holes due to the Au NPs attached on the TiO2. In addition, the composites possessed superparamagnetic properties with a high saturation magnetization of 44.6 emu g-1 and could be easily separated and recycled by a magnet.

  18. Synthesis, Mössbauer Spectra and Magnetic Properties of Quasi-One-Dimensional Fe3O4 Nanowires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xue, De-Sheng; Zhang, Li-Ying; Gao, Cun-Xu; Xu, Xue-Fei; Gui, An-Biao

    2004-04-01

    Quasi-one-dimensional Fe3O4 nanowires in diameter of about 200 nm were assembled into anodic aluminium oxide templates via electrodepositing and heat-treating processes. The nanowires have a polycrystalline spinel structure with a = 8.317 Å, and each nanowire is composed of fine Fe3O4 crystallites with size of about 30 nm. The magnetic moments of Fe3O4 crystallites in nanowires have a preferred orientation leaning to the wire axis but not parallel to the wire axis. Mössbauer spectra (MS) were used to verify the presence of Fe3O4 further and the existence of superparamagnetic particles in nanowires. A perpendicular magnetic anisotropy was observed obviously. Temperature dependence of the magnetic moments (M-T) shows that the Verwey transition for the Fe3O4 nanowires occurs at 50 K, and the behaviour of the M-T curve is different from that of other magnetite materials. These characteristic magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanowires are mainly due to the reduced dimension and the configuration of preferred orientation in the nanowires caused by the shape anisotropy.

  19. Solvothermal synthesis and good microwave absorbing properties for magnetic porous-Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Xiaojun; Yang, Bai; Yang, Haozhe; Zhu, Lingyu; Yu, Ronghai

    2017-05-01

    The magnetic porous-Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposites have been fabricated by a facile solvothermal method. The porous Fe3O4 nanospheres are embedded uniformly in the graphene oxide (GO) sheets to form a 3D Fe3O4/GO nanocomposite network. The dielectric properties for the Fe3O4/GO composites can be greatly improved by the 7 wt% GO additions. Good impedance matching can be also obtained in these Fe3O4/GO composites, which is proved to dominate their excellent microwave absorbing properties including the minimum reflection loss (RL) value of -43.7 dB at 6.8 GHz with a sample thickness of 5 mm and a broad absorption bandwidth of 5.92 GHz (below -10 dB). These porous-Fe3O4/GO composites also exhibit the good structural stability and low density, which shows their great potential application in high-performance electromagnetic microwave-absorbing materials.

  20. Graphene oxide-Fe3O4 nanoparticle composite with high transverse proton relaxivity value for magnetic resonance imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Venkatesha, N.; Poojar, Pavan; Qurishi, Yasrib; Geethanath, Sairam; Srivastava, Chandan

    2015-04-01

    The potential of graphene oxide-Fe3O4 nanoparticle (GO-Fe3O4) composite as an image contrast enhancing material in magnetic resonance imaging has been investigated. Proton relaxivity values were obtained in three different homogeneous dispersions of GO-Fe3O4 composites synthesized by precipitating Fe3O4 nanoparticles in three different reaction mixtures containing 0.01 g, 0.1 g, and 0.2 g of graphene oxide. A noticeable difference in proton relaxivity values was observed between the three cases. A comprehensive structural and magnetic characterization revealed discrete differences in the extent of reduction of the graphene oxide and spacing between the graphene oxide sheets in the three composites. The GO-Fe3O4 composite framework that contained graphene oxide with least extent of reduction of the carboxyl groups and largest spacing between the graphene oxide sheets provided the optimum structure for yielding a very high transverse proton relaxivity value. It was found that the GO-Fe3O4 composites possessed good biocompatibility with normal cell lines, whereas they exhibited considerable toxicity towards breast cancer cells.

  1. Fe3O4/WO3 hierarchical core-shell structure: high-performance and recyclable visible-light photocatalysis.

    PubMed

    Xi, Guangcheng; Yue, Bing; Cao, Junyu; Ye, Jinhua

    2011-04-26

    A facile solvothermal epitaxial growth combined with a mild oxidation route has been developed for the fabrication of a magnetically recyclable Fe(3)O(4)/WO(3) core-shell visible-light photocatalyst. In this core-shell structured photocatalyst, visible-light-active WO(3) nanoplates (the shells) with high surface area are used as a medium to harvest absorbed photons and convert them to photogenerated charges, while conductive Fe(3)O(4) microspheres (the cores) are used as charge collectors to transport the photogenerated charges. This is a new role for magnetite. The Fe(3)O(4)/WO(3) core-shell structured photocatalysts possess large surface-exposure area, high visible-light-absorption efficiency, stable recyclability, and efficient charge-separation properties, the combination of which has rarely been reported in other visible-light-active photocatalysts. Photoelectrochemical investigations verify that the core-shell structured Fe(3)O(4)/WO(3) has a more effective photoconversion capability than pure WO(3) or Fe(3)O(4). At the same time, the visible-light photocatalytic ability of the Fe(3)O(4)/WO(3) photocatalyst has significantly enhanced activity in the photodegradation of organic-dye materials. The results presented herein provide new insights into core-shell materials as high-performance visible-light photocatalysts and their potential use in environmental protection. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Contribution of Fe3O4 nanoparticles to the fouling of ultrafiltration with coagulation pre-treatment

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Wenzheng; Xu, Lei; Graham, Nigel; Qu, Jiuhui

    2015-01-01

    A coagulation (FeCl3)-ultrafiltration process was used to treat two different raw waters with/without the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticle contaminants. The existence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the raw water was found to increase both irreversible and reversible membrane fouling. The trans-membrane pressure (TMP) increase was similar in the early stages of the membrane runs for both raw waters, while it increased rapidly after about 15 days in the raw water with Fe3O4 nanoparticles, suggesting the involvement of biological effects. Enhanced microbial activity with the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was evident from the measured concentrations of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and fluorescence intensities. It is speculated that Fe3O4 nanoparticles accumulated in the cake layer and increased bacterial growth. Associated with the bacterial growth is the production of EPS which enhances the bonding with, and between, the coagulant flocs; EPS together with smaller sizes of the nano-scale primary particles of the Fe3O4-CUF cake layer, led to the formation of a lower porosity, more resilient cake layer and membrane pore blockage. PMID:26268589

  3. Fe(3)O(4)@Au/polyaniline multifunctional nanocomposites: their preparation and optical, electrical and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Yu, Qiaozhen; Shi, Minmin; Cheng, Yunan; Wang, Mang; Chen, Hong-Zheng

    2008-07-02

    Fe(3)O(4)@Au/polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposites were fabricated by in situ polymerization in the presence of mercaptocarboxylic acid. The mercaptocarboxylic acid was used to introduce hydrogen bonding and/or electrostatic interaction; it acts as a template in the formation of Fe(3)O(4)@Au/PANI nanorods. The morphology and structure of the resulting nanocomposites were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction and x-ray energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDS). It was found that the nanocomposites were rod-like with an average diameter of 153 nm, and they exhibited a core-shell structure. A UV-visible spectrometer, semiconductor parameter analyzer and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) were used to characterize the optical, electrical and magnetic properties of the Fe(3)O(4)@Au/PANI nanocomposites. It was interesting to find that these properties are dependent on the molar ratio of Au to Fe(3)O(4) when the molar ratio of Fe(3)O(4)@Au to PANI is fixed. The magnetic property of the Fe(3)O(4)@Au/PANI nanocomposite is very close to superparamagnetic behavior.

  4. Efficient purification of lysozyme from egg white by 2-mercapto-5-benzimidazolesulfonic acid modified Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Xinjun; Zhang, Lianying; Fu, Aiyun; Yuan, Hao

    2016-02-01

    2-Mercapto-5-benzimidazolesulfonic acid (MBISA) modified Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles were synthesized in aqueous solution and characterized by photo correlation spectroscopy (PCS) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The so-obtained Fe3O4/Au-MBISA nanoparticles were capable of specific adsorbing lysozyme. The maximum amount of lysozyme adsorbed on 1.0mg Fe3O4/Au-MBISA nanoparticles was 346μg. The lysozyme desorption behavior was studied and the lysozyme recovery from Fe3O4/Au-MBISA nanoparticles approached 100% under optimal conditions, and the reusability studies showed that the nanoparticles could maintain about 91% of the initial lysozyme adsorption capacity after 7 repeated adsorption-elution cycles. The Fe3O4/Au-MBISA nanoparticles were used in the purification of lysozyme from chicken egg white, which was verified by a single SDS-PAGE band. Therefore, the obtained Fe3O4/Au-MBISA nanoparticles exhibited excellent performance in the direct purification of lysozyme from egg white.

  5. Polydopamine-Encapsulated Fe3O4 with an Adsorbed HSP70 Inhibitor for Improved Photothermal Inactivation of Bacteria.

    PubMed

    Liu, Dongdong; Ma, Liyi; Liu, Lidong; Wang, Lu; Liu, Yuxin; Jia, Qi; Guo, Quanwei; Zhang, Ge; Zhou, Jing

    2016-09-21

    Photothermal treatment, a new approach for inactivation of bacteria and pathogens that does not depend on traditional therapeutic approaches, has recently received much attention. In this study, a new type of nanoplatform (PDA@Fe3O4 + PES) was fabricated by using polydopamine (PDA, a photothermal conversion agent) to encapsulate Fe3O4 (a magnetic nanoparticle) and support 2-phenylethynesulfonamide (PES, an inhibitor of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70)). Upon near-infrared light irradiation, the increased temperature weakens π-π and hydrogen bonding interactions, and PES is released from the PDA@Fe3O4 + PES. The released PES inhibits the function of HSP70, reducing bacterial tolerance to photothermal therapy and improving the therapeutic effect against infectious bacterial pathogens. After treatment, PDA@Fe3O4 + PES can be recovered using the magnetic property of the Fe3O4 cores. Consequently, PDA@Fe3O4 + PES possesses the potential to be a recyclable photothermal agent for enhanced photothermal bacterial inactivation without causing secondary pollution.

  6. Synthesis and Characterization of Composite UPR/Fe3O4 for Its Use as Electromagnetic Wave Absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yusmaniar; Adi, W. A.; Taryana, Y.; Muzaki, R.

    2017-05-01

    Synthesis and characterization of UPR/Fe3O4 composite were performed to evaluate its potency as a electromagnet absorbent. The composite was prepared from the mixture of unsaturated polyester resin and magnetite powder of iron oxide. Fe3O4 was used as filler and unsaturated polyester resins (UPR) was used as a matrix. Fe3O4 magnetite was synthesized from iron objects using electro synthesis method. The raw material was blended in the beaker glass for 120 min and then pressed at temperature of 60 °C for 30 min. The composite is in a semi-crystalline form that consists of amorphous matrix and the various crystalline fillers. The functional group’s analysis of the composite showed that crosslink (bridges) was formed between the chains of individual polymer and between Fe3O4 magnetite filler and UPR matrix. The performance of microwave absorbent measured by VNA method showed the highest RL at the frequency of 10.44 GHz and 11.74 dB. This value was achieved with a composition of 10wt% Fe3O4 and 90wt% UPR. We concluded that the composite of UPR/Fe3O4 has been successfully demonstrated as an electromagnetic wave absorber.

  7. Fe3O4 nanoparticles on graphene oxide sheets for isolation and ultrasensitive amperometric detection of cancer biomarker proteins.

    PubMed

    Sharafeldin, Mohamed; Bishop, Gregory W; Bhakta, Snehasis; El-Sawy, Abdelhamid; Suib, Steven L; Rusling, James F

    2017-05-15

    Ultrasensitive mediator-free electrochemical detection for biomarker proteins was achieved at low cost using a novel composite of Fe3O4 nanoparticles loaded onto graphene oxide (GO) nano-sheets (Fe3O4@GO). This paramagnetic Fe3O4@GO composite (1µm size range) was decorated with antibodies against prostate specific antigen (PSA) and prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA), and then used to first capture these biomarkers and then deliver them to an 8-sensor detection chamber of a microfluidic immunoarray. Screen-printed carbon sensors coated with electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) and a second set of antibodies selectively capture the biomarker-laden Fe3O4@GO particles, which subsequently catalyze hydrogen peroxide reduction to detect PSA and PSMA. Accuracy was confirmed by good correlation between patient serum assays and enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assays (ELISA). Excellent detection limits (LOD) of 15 fg/mL for PSA and 4.8 fg/mL for PSMA were achieved in serum. The LOD for PSA was 1000-fold better than the only previous report of PSA detection using Fe3O4. Dynamic ranges were easily tunable for concentration ranges encountered in serum samples by adjusting the Fe3O4@GO Concentration. Reagent cost was only $0.85 for a single 2-protein assay.

  8. Contribution of Fe3O4 nanoparticles to the fouling of ultrafiltration with coagulation pre-treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Wenzheng; Xu, Lei; Graham, Nigel; Qu, Jiuhui

    2015-08-01

    A coagulation (FeCl3)-ultrafiltration process was used to treat two different raw waters with/without the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticle contaminants. The existence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the raw water was found to increase both irreversible and reversible membrane fouling. The trans-membrane pressure (TMP) increase was similar in the early stages of the membrane runs for both raw waters, while it increased rapidly after about 15 days in the raw water with Fe3O4 nanoparticles, suggesting the involvement of biological effects. Enhanced microbial activity with the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was evident from the measured concentrations of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and fluorescence intensities. It is speculated that Fe3O4 nanoparticles accumulated in the cake layer and increased bacterial growth. Associated with the bacterial growth is the production of EPS which enhances the bonding with, and between, the coagulant flocs; EPS together with smaller sizes of the nano-scale primary particles of the Fe3O4-CUF cake layer, led to the formation of a lower porosity, more resilient cake layer and membrane pore blockage.

  9. Core-shell Fe3O4 polydopamine nanoparticles serve multipurpose as drug carrier, catalyst support and carbon adsorbent.

    PubMed

    Liu, Rui; Guo, Yunlong; Odusote, Gloria; Qu, Fengli; Priestley, Rodney D

    2013-09-25

    We present the synthesis and multifunctional utilization of core-shell Fe3O4 polydopamine nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA NPs) to serve as the enabling platform for a range of applications including responsive drug delivery, recyclable catalyst support, and adsorbent. Magnetite Fe3O4 NPs formed in a one-pot process by the hydrothermal approach were coated with a polydopamine shell layer of ~20 nm in thickness. The as prepared Fe3O4@PDA NPs were used for the controlled drug release in a pH-sensitive manner via reversible bonding between catechol and boronic acid groups of PDA and the anticancer drug bortezomib (BTZ), respectively. The facile deposition of Au NPs atop Fe3O4@PDA NPs was achieved by utilizing PDA as both the reducing agent and the coupling agent. The nanocatalysts exhibited high catalytic performance for the reduction of o-nitrophenol. Furthermore, the recovery and reuse of the catalyst was demonstrated 10 times without any detectible loss in activity. Finally, the PDA layers were converted into carbon to obtain Fe3O4@C and used as an adsorbent for the removal of Rhodamine B from an aqueous solution. The synergistic combination of unique features of PDA and magnetic nanoparticles establishes these core-shell NPs as a versatile platform for multiple applications.

  10. High surface area monodispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles alone and on physical exfoliated graphite for improved supercapacitors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarno, Maria; Ponticorvo, Eleonora; Cirillo, Claudia

    2016-12-01

    Highly conductive, unsophisticated and easy to be obtained physical exfoliated graphite (PHG) supporting well dispersed magnetite, Fe3O4/PHG nanocomposite, has been prepared by a one-step chemical strategy and physico-chemical characterized. The nanocomposite, favoured by the a-polar nanoparticles (NPs) capping, results in a self-assembled monolayer of monodispersed Fe3O4, covering perfectly the hydrophobic surfaces of PHG. The nanocomposite as an electrode material was fabricated into a supercapacitor and characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. It shows, after a suitable annealing, significant electrochemical properties (capacitance value of 787 F/g at 0.5 A g-1 and a Fe3O4/PHG weight ratio of 0.31) and good cycling stability (retention 91% after 30,000 cycles). Highly monodispersed very fine Fe3O4 NPs, covered by organic chains, have been also synthesized. The high surface area Fe3O4 NPs, after washing to leave a low content of organic chains able to avoid aggregation without excessively affecting the electrical properties of the material, exhibit remarkable pseudocapacitive activities, including the highest specific capacitance over reported for Fe3O4 (300 F/g at 0.5 A g-1).

  11. Fabrication and magnetic-induced aggregation of Fe3O4 -noble metal composites for superior SERS performances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gan, Zibao; Zhao, Aiwu; Zhang, Maofeng; Wang, Dapeng; Guo, Hongyan; Tao, Wenyu; Gao, Qian; Mao, Ranran; Liu, Erhu

    2013-11-01

    Fe3O4-noble metal composites were obtained by combining Au, Ag nanoparticles (NPs) with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane-functionalized Fe3O4 NPs. UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy demonstrates the obtained Fe3O4 -noble metal composites inherit the typical surface plasmon resonance bands of Au, Ag at 533 and 453 nm, respectively. Magnetic measurements also indicated that the superparamagnetic Fe3O4 -noble metal composites have excellent magnetic response behavior. A magnetic-induced idea was introduced to change their aggregated states and take full advantage of their surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) performances. Under the induction of an external magnetic field, the bifunctional Fe3O4 -noble metal aggregates exhibit the unique superiority in SERS detection of Rhodamine 6G (R6G), compared with the naturally dispersed Au, Ag NPs. Especially, the detection limit of the Fe3O4-Ag aggregates for R6G is as low as 10-14 M, and the calculated EF reaches up to 1.2 × 106, which meets the requirements for trace detection of analytes. Furthermore, the superiority could be extended to sensitive detection of other organic molecules, such as 4-mercaptopyridine. This work provides a new insight for active adjustment of the aggregated states of SERS substrates and the optimization of SERS performances.

  12. Heterogenized Bimetallic Pd-Pt-Fe3O4 Nanoflakes as Extremely Robust, Magnetically Recyclable Catalysts for Chemoselective Nitroarene Reduction.

    PubMed

    Byun, Sangmoon; Song, Yeami; Kim, B Moon

    2016-06-15

    A very simple synthesis of bimetallic Pd-Pt-Fe3O4 nanoflake-shaped alloy nanoparticles (NPs) for cascade catalytic reactions such as dehydrogenation of ammonia-borane (AB) followed by the reduction of nitro compounds (R-NO2) to anilines or alkylamines (R-NH2) in methanol at ambient temperature is described. The Pd-Pt-Fe3O4 NPs were easily prepared via a solution phase hydrothermal method involving the simple one-pot coreduction of potassium tetrachloroplatinate (II) and palladium chloride (II) in polyvinylpyrrolidone with subsequent deposition on commercially available Fe3O4 NPs. The bimetallic Pd-Pt alloy NPs decorated on Fe3O4 NPs provide a unique synergistic effect for the catalysis of cascade dehydrogenation/reduction. Various nitroarene derivatives were reduced to anilines with very specific chemoselectivity in the presence of other reducible functional groups. The bimetallic Pd-Pt-Fe3O4 NPs provide a unique synergistic effect for the catalysis of cascade dehydrogenation/reduction. The nitro reduction proceeded in 5 min with nearly quantitative conversions and yields. Furthermore, the magnetically recyclable nanocatalysts were readily separated using an external magnet and reused up to 250 times without any loss of catalytic activity. A larger scale (10 mmol) reaction was also successfully performed with >99% yield. This efficient, recyclable Pd-Pt-Fe3O4 NPs system can therefore be repetitively utilized for the reduction of various nitro-containing compounds.

  13. Synthesis and Characterization of Magnetic Elastomer based PEG-Coated Fe3O4 from Natural Iron Sand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurniawan, C.; Eko, A. S.; Ayu, Y. S.; Sihite, P. T. A.; Ginting, M.; Simamora, P.; Sebayang, P.

    2017-05-01

    Magnetic elastomer nanocomposite based PEG-coated Fe3O4 with silicone rubber binder have been prepared from natural iron-sand by using coprecipitation method. The samples were characterized by using X-ray Diffractometer, X-ray Fluorescence, Fourier Transform Infra-Red, tensile strength test, and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer to analyze the physical and magnetic properties. We observed that all samples were formed by single phase cubic spinel magnetite (Fe3O4) crystalline structure. The atomic bonding analysis by FTIR showed that the C-O-C and C-H ordering were understood as the PEG - Fe3O4 bonding characteristics. We have observed that the Young modulus of elastomer based PEG-coated Fe3O4 slightly decreased compared to the natural iron-sand based elastomer. The magnetic properties of PEG-coated Fe3O4 were known to be magnetically softer with the lowest coercivity without losing its magnetization saturation value. We propose that the PEG-coated Fe3O4 is a promising candidate to be applied as magnetorheological elastomer due to a good mechanical and magnetic characteristic and also promising as microwave absorbing materials.

  14. Factors Influence the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ag-Fe3O4 Nanocomposites Synthesized by Reduction Method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fajaroh, F.; Nazriati

    2017-05-01

    Silver nanoparticles integrated with a magnetic matrix such as Fe3O4 to form Ag-Fe3O4 nanocomposites show some advantages in their applications as an antibacterial agent and heterogeneous catalyst. This material can be synthesized by a combination of electrochemical and reduction methods supported by ultrasonic route. The purposes of this study are to synthesize the nanocomposites by reduction method and to study the effect of synthesis parameters on the structural and magnetic properties of the generated nanocomposites. This research consisted of three main stages. The first step was the electrochemical synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles using electro-oxidation of iron in water. Second, adsorption of Ag+ on the surface of Fe3O4 carried out by sonication of a mixture of AgNO3 solution and powder of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The third stage was the reduction of Ag+ to Ag0 with glucose as reductant and NaOH as an accelerator, where it was conducted under a variation of AgNO3 mole ratios to glucose and NaOH concentration. The characterizations of Ag-Fe3O4 nanocomposites were performed using XRD and VSM. The results of the characterizations showed that Ag-Fe3O4 nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized. There was an optimum concentration of NaOH at pH (11) and mole ratio of AgNO3 to glucose (1 : 8) in the synthesis process producing the composite with the highest crystallinity.

  15. Preparation of magnetic Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag composite microspheres with enhanced photocatalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Li; Wu, Zheng; Chen, Liangwei; Zhang, Lianjie; Li, Xuelian; Xu, Haifeng; Wang, Hongyan; Zhu, Guang

    2016-02-01

    The novel three-component Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag composite mircospheres were prepared via a facile chemical deposition route. The Fe3O4/TiO2 mircospheres were first prepared by the solvothermal method, and then Ag nanoparticles were anchored onto the out-layer of TiO2 by the tyrosine-reduced method. The as-prepared magnetic Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag composite mircospheres were applied as photocatalysis for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue. The results indicate that the photocatalytic activity of Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag composite microspheres is superior to that of Fe3O4/TiO2 due to the dual effects of the enhanced light absorption and reduction of photoelectron-hole pair recombination in TiO2 with the introduction of Ag NPs. Moreover, these magnetic Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag composite microspheres can be completely removed from the dispersion with the help of magnetic separation and reused with little or no loss of catalytic activity.

  16. Multifunctional nanotube-like Fe3O4/PANI/CDs/Ag hybrids: An efficient SERS substrate and nanocatalyst.

    PubMed

    Yan, Manqing; Shen, Yang; Zhang, Guiyang; Bi, Hong

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, the stable and environment-friendly Fe3O4 nanotubes with polyaniline (Fe3O4 NTs/PANI hybrids) have been prepared via mesoporous anodic alumina oxide (AAO) template, sol-gel method and in-situ polymerization. Then multifunctional Fe3O4 NTs/PANI/Ag hybrids have been obtained by decorating Ag nanoparticles by glucose reduction on surface of Fe3O4 NTs/PANI hybrids. The morphologies and structures of these hybrids were subsequently investigated by SEM, XRD, TEM and XPS measurements. The Fe3O4 NTs/PANI/Ag hybrids presented high catalytic activity due to the template-assisted presence, preventing Ag particulate agglomeration. Importantly, the Fe3O4 NTs/PANI/Ag hybrids achieve sensitive surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) signals. Furthermore, the introduction of carbon dots (CDs) endows these hybrids good dispersion and stable photoluminescence (PL). Therefore, the obtained hybrids may have potential applications in waste water treatment, biomedicine, photocatalyst, and environmental analysis.

  17. Alpha chymotrypsin coated clusters of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for biocatalysis in low water media

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Enzymes in low water containing non aqueous media are useful for organic synthesis. For example, hydrolases in such media can be used for synthetic purposes. Initial work in this area was carried out with lyophilized powders of enzymes. These were found to have poor activity. Drying (removing bulk water) by precipitation turned out to be a better approach. As enzymes in such media are heterogeneous catalysts, spreading these precipitates over a large surface gave even better results. In this context, nanoparticles with their better surface to volume ratio provide obvious advantage. Magnetic nanoparticles have an added advantage of easy separation after the reaction. Keeping this in view, alpha chymotrypsin solution in water was precipitated over a stirred population of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in n-propanol. This led to alpha chymotrypsin activity coated over clusters of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. These preparations were found to have quite high transesterification activity in low water containing n-octane. Results Precipitation of alpha chymotrypsin over a stirred suspension of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (3.6 nm diameter) led to the formation of enzyme coated clusters of nanoparticles (ECCNs). These clusters were also magnetic and their hydrodynamic diameter ranged from 1.2- 2.6 microns (as measured by dynamic light scattering). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), showed that these clusters had highly irregular shapes. Transesterification assay of various clusters in anhydrous n-octane led to optimization of concentration of nanoparticles in suspension during precipitation. Optimized design of enzyme coated magnetic clusters of nanoparticles (ECCN 3) showed the highest initial rate of 465 nmol min-1 mg-1protein which was about 9 times higher as compared to the simple precipitates with an initial rate of 52 nmol min-1 mg-1 protein. Circular Dichroism (CD)(with a spinning cell accessory) showed that secondary structure content of the alpha Chymotrypsin in ECCN 3 [15%

  18. Improvement on controllable fabrication of streptavidin-modified three-layer core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2@Au magnetic nanocomposites with low fluorescence background.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Hongrong; Zeng, Xin; Xi, Zhijiang; Liu, Ming; Li, Chuanyan; Li, Zhiyang; Jin, Lian; Wang, Zhifei; Deng, Yan; He, Nongyue

    2013-04-01

    In present study, we put forward an approach to prepare three-layer core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2@Au magnetic nanocomposites via the combination of self-assembling, seed-mediated growing and multi-step chemical reduction. The Fe3O4@SiO2@Au magnetic nanocomposites were analyzed and characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), scanning electronic microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer analysis (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometer (UV-Vis). TEM and SEM characterizations showed that the FeO4@SiO2@Au nanocomposites were obtained successfully with three-layer structures, especially a layer of thin, smooth and continuous gold shell. The average diameter of Fe3O4@SiO2@Au nanocomposites was about 600 nm and an excellent dispersity was observed for the as-prepared nanoparticles. EDS characterizations demonstrated that the nanocomposites contained three elements of the precursors, Fe, Si, and Au. Furthermore, FT-IR showed that the silica and gold shell were coated successfully. UV-Vis and VSM characterizations showed that the Fe3O4@SiO2@Au nanocomposites exhibited good optical and magnetic property, and the saturation magnetization was 25.76 emu/g. In conclusion, the Fe3O4@SiO2@Au magnetic nanocomposites with three-layer core-shell structures were prepared. Furthermore, Fe3O4@SiO2@Au magnetic nanocomposites were modified with streptavidin (SA) successfully, and it was validated that they performed low fluorescence background, suggesting that they should have good applications especially in bioassay based on fluorescence detection through bonding the biotinylated fluorescent probes.

  19. Preparation of Fe3O4 with high specific surface area and improved capacitance as a supercapacitor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Lu; Ji, Hongmei; Wang, Shasha; Kong, Lijuan; Jiang, Xuefan; Yang, Gang

    2013-04-01

    Here, we report for the first time a facile ultrasonic synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles using FeCl3 and the organic solvent ethanolamine (ETA). The intermediate of the ETA-Fe(ii) complex produces Fe3O4 after hydrolysis and hydrothermal treatment. The moderate reduction of ETA and ultrasound play an important role in the synthesis of superfine Fe3O4 particles with a very high specific surface area (165.05 m2 g-1). The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy (UV-vis). Fe3O4 as an electrode material was fabricated into a supercapacitor and characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. The as-synthesized Fe3O4 exhibits remarkable pseudocapacitive activities including high specific capacitance (207.7 F g-1 at 0.4 A g-1), good rate capability (90.4 F g-1 at 10 A g-1), and excellent cycling stability (retention 100% after 2000 cycles). This novel synthetic route towards Fe3O4 is a convenient and potential way of producing a secondary energy material which is expected to be applicable in the synthesis of other metal oxide nanoparticles.Here, we report for the first time a facile ultrasonic synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles using FeCl3 and the organic solvent ethanolamine (ETA). The intermediate of the ETA-Fe(ii) complex produces Fe3O4 after hydrolysis and hydrothermal treatment. The moderate reduction of ETA and ultrasound play an important role in the synthesis of superfine Fe3O4 particles with a very high specific surface area (165.05 m2 g-1). The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy (UV-vis). Fe3O4

  20. Characterization of superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles by fluxgate magnetorelaxometry for use in biomedical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ludwig, F.; Heim, E.; Schilling, M.; Enpuku, K.

    2008-04-01

    We have investigated the magnetorelaxometry (MRX) of various Fe3O4 nanoparticle suspensions utilizing a differential fluxgate setup. To estimate the distribution of the hydrodynamic size of the magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) with organic shell, the cluster moment superposition model is applied. On a sample series of MNPs from the same batch diluted in water-glycerine mixtures of varying viscosity, it is demonstrated that the model is suited for the estimation of the distribution of the hydrodynamic size of MNPs and clusters. Since a MRX measurement lasts only a few seconds, it is also highly suited to study the aggregation kinetics. This is demonstrated on MNPs with silica shell suspended in 5% phosphate-buffered saline solution.

  1. Polyethyleneimine-modified superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles: An efficient, reusable and water tolerance nanocatalyst

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khoobi, Mehdi; Delshad, Tayebeh Modiri; Vosooghi, Mohsen; Alipour, Masoumeh; Hamadi, Hosein; Alipour, Eskandar; Hamedani, Majid Pirali; Sadat ebrahimi, Seyed Esmaeil; Safaei, Zahra; Foroumadi, Alireza; Shafiee, Abbas

    2015-02-01

    A novel magnetically separable catalyst was prepared based on surface modification of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle (MNPs) with polyethyleneimine (PEI) via covalent bonding. [3-(2,3-Epoxypropoxy)propyl]trimethoxysilane (EPO) was used as cross linker to bond PEI on the surface of MNPs with permanent stability in contrast to PEI coating via electrostatic interactions. The synthesized catalyst was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The catalyst show high efficiency for one-pot synthesis of 2-amino-3-cyano-4H-pyran derivatives via multi-component reaction (MCR). This procedure offers the advantages of green reaction media, high yield, short reaction time, easy purification of the products and simple recovery and reuse of the catalyst by simple magnetic decantation without significant loss of catalytic activity.

  2. Facile synthesis and characterization of magnetochromatic Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Wei; Zheng, Lelin; Lu, Fenghua; Hong, Ruijiang; Chen, Michael Z. Q.; Zhuang, Lin

    2017-05-01

    A facile synthetic method for magnetochromatic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (FNPs) with controllable size and optical properties has been fabricated by the combination of an improved solvothermal method and the usage of ultrasonic irradiation in the surface modification step. The improved solvothermal method enables the alteration of the size of nanoparticles (50nm to 180nm) in a competitively convenient way by adjusting the ratio of binary solvents, including diethylene glycol (DEG) and ethylene glycol (EG). In the surface modification step, the short-chain polyacrylic acid (PAA) is added as the surfactant with ultrasound-assisted method. In this research, due to magnetically-driven assembly FNPs forming photonic crystals, the reflection peaks show blue-shift as the magnetic field is increased from 181 to 2479G. In addition, on the basis of the calculation using Bragg's Law, the thickness of the solvent layer is measured approximately 35nm, which accounts for the magnetochromatic properties as well as excellent dispersion.

  3. Crystal-Site-Selective Spectrum of Fe3O4 Obtained by Mössbauer Diffraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakamura, Shin; Mitsui, Takaya; Fujiwara, Kosuke; Ikeda, Naoshi; Kurokuzu, Masayuki; Shimomura, Susumu

    2017-02-01

    We have succeeded for the first time in obtaining a crystal-site-selective Mössbauer spectrum of Fe3O4 using the Mössbauer diffractometer at SPring-8 BL11XU. In order to extract the nuclear resonant scattering, which provides the crystal-site-selective emission spectrum, reflections having a Bragg angle near 45° were used. The 666 and 10 10 0 reflection spectra reveal only B- and A-site spectra, respectively. Mössbauer diffraction spectroscopy enables us to measure the crystal-site-selective spectrum and to determine the precise hyperfine structure. This technique provides new possibilities for studying the local crystallographic and magnetic structure on iron sublattices in various multisite materials.

  4. Microwave absorption properties and mechanism for hollow Fe3 O4 nanosphere composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Z. W.; Yang, Z. H.

    2015-08-01

    Hollow Fe3 O4 nanospheres with the diameter of 450 nm and the wall thickness of 80 nm are prepared using the Ostwald ripening process. The composites filled with the hollow nanospheres of 60 wt% have good high-frequency and absorption properties. In RL-f curves, two absorption frequencies are found, which have their origins in quarter-wavelength resonator and magnetic resonance, respectively. Based on the quarter-wavelength resonator model, the calculated fA1 and RLA1 are in a good agreement with the observed values. Due to the overlap of the two absorptions, the frequency band is expanded. The composite with light weight of the density of 2.71 g/cm3 has bandwidth WP of 65% with return loss RL ≤ - 10 dB at thickness of 0.3 cm for EM absorption or attenuation applications.

  5. Green synthesis of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles using Graptophyllum pictum leaf aqueous extract

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sari, I. P.; Yulizar, Y.

    2017-04-01

    Magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) attracted the attention of many researchers due to their unique properties. In this research, nanoscale magnetite particles have been successfully synthesized through an environmentally friendly method using aqueous extract of Graptophyllum pictum leaf (GPLE). In MNPs formation, GPLE acted as a base source and capping agent. Alkaloids in GPLE were hydrolyzed in water and hydroxilated Fe2+ to form Fe3O4 nanoparticles powder through calcination. After the addition of leaf extract, MNPs formation was observed by color change from pale yellow to dark brown. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis spectrophotometer, X-Ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infra red (FTIR) spectroscopy. The results confirmed that MNPs formation indicated the surface plasmon resonance at a maximum wavelength, λmax 291 nm. The average crystallite size is 23.17 nm. The formed MNPs through green synthesis method promise in various medical applications such as drug carrier and targeted therapy.

  6. Morphology and magnetic flux distribution in superparamagnetic, single-crystalline Fe3O4 nanoparticle rings

    PubMed Central

    Takeno, Yumu; Murakami, Yasukazu; Sato, Takeshi; Tanigaki, Toshiaki; Park, Hyun Soon; Shindo, Daisuke; Ferguson, R. Matthew

    2014-01-01

    This study reports on the correlation between crystal orientation and magnetic flux distribution of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the form of self-assembled rings. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that the nanoparticles were single-crystalline, highly monodispersed, (25 nm average diameter), and showed no appreciable lattice imperfections such as twins or stacking faults. Electron holography studies of these superparamagnetic nanoparticle rings indicated significant fluctuations in the magnetic flux lines, consistent with variations in the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the nanoparticles. The observations provide useful information for a deeper understanding of the micromagnetics of ultrasmall nanoparticles, where the magnetic dipolar interaction competes with the magnetic anisotropy. PMID:25422526

  7. Large low-field magnetoresistance of Fe3O4 nanocrystal at room temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mi, Shu; Liu, Rui; Li, Yuanyuan; Xie, Yong; Chen, Ziyu

    2017-04-01

    Superparamagnetic magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles with an average size of 6.5 nm and good monodispersion were synthesized and investigated by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectrometer, transmission electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer. Corresponding low-field magnetoresistance (LFMR) was tested by physical property measurement system. A quite high LFMR has been observed at room temperature. For examples, at a field of 3000 Oe, the LFMR is -3.5%, and when the field increases to 6000 Oe, the LFMR is up to -5.1%. The electron spin polarization was estimated at 25%. This result is superior to the previous reports showing the LFMR of no more than 2% at room temperature. The conduction mechanism is proposed to be the tunneling of conduction electrons between adjacent grains considering that the monodisperse nanocrystals may supply more grain boundaries increasing the tunneling probability, and consequently enhancing the overall magnetoresistance.

  8. Functionalization of PEGylated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles with tetraphosphonate cavitand for biomedical application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tudisco, C.; Bertani, F.; Cambria, M. T.; Sinatra, F.; Fantechi, E.; Innocenti, C.; Sangregorio, C.; Dalcanale, E.; Condorelli, G. G.

    2013-11-01

    In this contribution, Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been functionalized with a tetraphosphonate cavitand receptor (Tiiii), capable of complexing N-monomethylated species with high selectivity, and polyethylene glycol (PEG) via click-chemistry. The grafting process is based on MNP pre-functionalization with a bifunctional phosphonic linker, 10-undecynylphosphonic acid, anchored on an iron surface through the phosphonic group. The Tiiii cavitand and the PEG modified with azide moieties have then been bonded to the resulting alkyne-functionalized MNPs through a ``click'' reaction. Each reaction step has been monitored by using X-ray photoelectron and FTIR spectroscopies. PEG and Tiiii functionalized MNPs have been able to load N-methyl ammonium salts such as the antitumor drug procarbazine hydrochloride and the neurotransmitter epinephrine hydrochloride and release them as free bases. In addition, the introduction of PEG moieties promoted biocompatibility of functionalized MNPs, thus allowing their use in biological environments.

  9. Temperature dependence of the spin relaxation time of Fe3O4 and hemozoin superparamagnetic nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khmelinskii, I.; Makarov, V.

    2017-08-01

    We report experimental temperature and concentration dependences of the natural spin relaxation time of superparamagnetic Fe3O4 and hemozoin nanocrystals. We recorded the 1H NMR spectrum of 0.5% benzene dissolved in CS2 in function of superparamagnetic particle concentration and temperature, interpreting the 7.261 ± 0.002 ppm benzene line broadening. Our model for the line broadening includes natural, hyperfine magnetic dipole-dipole, and contact hyperfine contributions. The latter arises due to exchange interaction between benzene molecules and suspended nanoparticles. Estimated frequency of fluctuation in the 1 cm3 sample volume is in the 107 Hz scale. Estimated natural electron spin-lattice relaxation frequencies of the superparamagnetic nanocrystals using frequency of fluctuations, and developed theoretical model applied to analysis of experimental data are in good agreement between each other. Thus the presently developed approach may be used to study fluctuations and natural spin-lattice relaxation frequencies in different media.

  10. Line Narrowing in Mössbauer Spectra of Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 Nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hah, H.-Y.; Gray, S.; Johnson, C. E.; Johnson, J. A.; Kolesnichenko, V.; Kucheryavy, P.; Goloverda, G.

    2014-11-01

    Nanoparticles of magnetic crystals below a critical size are single domain and exhibit superparamagnetism. If there are N atoms or molecules with magnetic moment μ in each particle, the magnetic moment of the particle is Nν. At high temperatures the thermal fluctuations of the magnetic moments give an ensemble average moment of zero and the Mössbauer spectrum is a single line. As the temperature, T, is lowered the fluctuations slow down and the sample acquires a magnetization and the Mossbauer line broadens and eventually shows magnetic hyperfine splitting. We have observed 57Fe line broadening in nanoparticles of ferrimagnetic Fe3O4 with diameters of 5.3 and 10.6 nm. The results have been analyzed using the motional narrowing equation familiar in nuclear magnetic resonance to determine the superparamagnetic fluctuation time and magnetic anisotropy.

  11. Differential response of macrophages to core-shell Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles and nanostars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Wei; Song, Hyon-Min; Wei, Qingshan; Wei, Alexander

    2012-10-01

    Murine RAW 264.7 cells were exposed to spheroidal core-shell Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles (SCS-NPs, ca. 34 nm) or nanostars (NSTs, ca. 100 nm) in the presence of bovine serum albumin, with variable effects observed after macrophagocytosis. Uptake of SCS-NPs caused macrophages to adopt a rounded, amoeboid form, accompanied by an increase in surface detachment. In contrast, the uptake of multibranched NSTs did not induce gross changes in macrophage shape or adhesion, but correlated instead with cell enlargement and signatures of macrophage activation such as TNF-α and ROS. MTT assays indicate a low cytotoxic response to either SCS-NPs or NSTs despite differences in macrophage behavior. These observations show that differences in NP size and shape are sufficient to produce diverse responses in macrophages following uptake.Murine RAW 264.7 cells were exposed to spheroidal core-shell Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles (SCS-NPs, ca. 34 nm) or nanostars (NSTs, ca. 100 nm) in the presence of bovine serum albumin, with variable effects observed after macrophagocytosis. Uptake of SCS-NPs caused macrophages to adopt a rounded, amoeboid form, accompanied by an increase in surface detachment. In contrast, the uptake of multibranched NSTs did not induce gross changes in macrophage shape or adhesion, but correlated instead with cell enlargement and signatures of macrophage activation such as TNF-α and ROS. MTT assays indicate a low cytotoxic response to either SCS-NPs or NSTs despite differences in macrophage behavior. These observations show that differences in NP size and shape are sufficient to produce diverse responses in macrophages following uptake. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Synthetic details, additional TEM images, absorbance spectra, and DLS analysis of SCS-NPs and NSTs, negative and positive control images of ROS imaging, and the effect of magnetic field gradient on ROS production. See DOI: 10.1039/c2nr32070c

  12. Highly stable and magnetically separable alginate/Fe3O4 composite for the removal of strontium (Sr) from seawater.

    PubMed

    Hong, Hye-Jin; Jeong, Hyeon Su; Kim, Byoung-Gyu; Hong, Jeongsik; Park, In-Su; Ryu, Taegong; Chung, Kang-Sup; Kim, Hyuncheol; Ryu, Jungho

    2016-12-01

    In this study, a highly stable alginate/Fe3O4 composite was synthesized, and systematically investigated for the practical application of strontium (Sr) removal in complex media, such as seawater and radioactive wastewater. To overcome the drawbacks of the use of alginate microspheres, high contents of alginic acid and Fe3O4 were used to provide a more rigid structure with little swelling and facile separation, respectively. The synthesized composite was optimized for particle sizes of <400 μm and 1% content of Fe3O4. The alginate/Fe3O4 composite showed excellent Sr uptake (≈400.0 mg/g) and exhibited outstanding selectivity for Sr among various cations (Na, Mg, Ca and K). However, in diluted Sr condition (50 mg/L), Ca significantly affected Sr adsorption, resulting in a decrease of Kd value from 3.7 to 2.4 at the 0.01 M Ca. The alginate/Fe3O4 composite could be completely regenerated using 0.1 M HCl and CaCl2. In real seawater spiked with 50 mg/L of Sr, the alginate/Fe3O4 composite showed 12.5 mg/g of Sr uptake, despite the highly concentrated ions in seawater. The adsorption experiment for radio-active (90)Sr revealed a removal efficiency of 67% in real seawater, demonstrating the reliability of the alginate/Fe3O4 composite.

  13. A novel synthesis method for TiO2 particles with magnetic Fe3O4 cores.

    PubMed

    Dong, Qi; Zhang, Keqiang; An, Yi

    2014-01-01

    TiO2@(AC/Fe3O4) (AC is activated carbon) was prepared by using AC and Fe3O4 as joint support. The morphological features, crystal structure, and magnetism of the final product were characterized. The results indicate that TiO2 particles formed on the surface of AC and Fe3O4; the sizes of TiO2 and Fe3O4 were 0.5 and 0.7 μm respectively, and that of AC fell within a wide range. The highly crystalline cubic structures of the TiO2 particles was in accord with the standard X-ray diffractometry spectrum of magnetite and anatase. The maximum saturation magnetization of TiO2@(AC/Fe3O4) was 75 emu g(-1), which was enough to support magnetic recovery. The rate of methylene blue (MB) removal photocatalyzed by TiO2@(AC/Fe3O4) was higher by 50% than that achieved with AC/Fe3O4 photocatalysis, and similar to that achieved with TiO2@AC. The removal rate (kobs) decreased drastically from 1.77 × 10(-2) to 9.36 × 10(-3)min(-1) when the initial concentration of MB solution increased from 2.0 to 5.0 mg L(-1). The kobs value increased from 9.41 × 10(-3) to 1.34 × 10(-2)min(-1) with increasing photocatalyst dosage from 0.2 to 1.0 g, then slightly decreased to 1.33 × 10(-2)min(-1) at 2.0 g dosage.

  14. Synthesis, Properties and Application of Glucose Coated Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Prepared by Co-precipitation Method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sari, Ayu Y.; Eko, A. S.; Candra, K.; Hasibuan, Denny P.; Ginting, M.; Sebayang, P.; Simamora, P.

    2017-07-01

    Synthesis of glucose coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles have been successfully prepared with co-precipitation method. Raw material of natural iron-sand was obtained from Buaya River, Deliserdang, Indonesia. The milled iron-sand was dissolved in HCl (37 mole %), and stirred in 300 rpm at 70°C for 90 minutes. Glucose was added to the filtered powder with varied content of 0.01, 0.02, and 0.03 mole, and precipitated by NH3 (25 mole%). After drying process, the final product subsequently was glucose coated magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles. The characterizations performed were true density measurement, FTIR, VSM, XRD, BET, and adsorbent performance by AAS. The FTIR analysis showed that M-O (bending) with M=Fe (stretching vibration) with υ = 570.92 and 401.19 cm-1. While glucose coated well on nanoparticle Fe3O4, proved by functional groups C=O (stretching), M-O (stretching) and C-H (bending) with υ = 1404.17, 570.92, and 2368.58 cm-1, respectively. Single phase of magnetite (Fe3O4) structure was determined from XRD analysis with cubic spinel structure and lattice parameter of 8.396 Å. The optimum conditions, obtained on the Fe3O4 nanoparticles with 0.01 mole of glucose addition, which has true density value of 4.57 g/cm3, magnetic saturation, M s = 35,41 emu/g, coercivity, H cJ = 83.58 Oe, average particle size = 12.3 nm and surface area = 124.88 m2/g. This type magnetic nanoparticles of glucose-coated Fe3O4 was capable to adsorbed 93.78 % of ion Pb. Therefore, the glucose-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticle is a potential candidate to be used as heavy metal removal from wastewater.

  15. Exchange bias effect in Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles induced by the charge transfer from gold

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feygenson, Mikhail; Bauer, John C.; Gai, Zheng; Marques, Carlos; Aronson, Meigan C.; Teng, Xiaowei; Su, Dong; Stanic, Vesna; Urban, Volker S.; Beyer, Kevin A.; Dai, Sheng

    2015-08-01

    We have studied the origin of the exchange bias effect in the Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles in two samples with different sizes of the Au seed nanoparticles (4.1 and 2.7 nm) and same size of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (9.8 nm). The magnetization, small-angle neutron-scattering, synchrotron x-ray diffraction, and scanning transmission electron microscope measurements determined the antiferromagnetic FeO wüstite phase within Fe3O4 nanoparticles, originating at the interface with the Au nanoparticles. The interface between antiferromagnetic FeO and ferrimagnetic Fe3O4 is giving rise to the exchange bias effect. The strength of the exchange bias fields depends on the interfacial area and lattice mismatch between both phases. We propose that the charge transfer from the Au nanoparticles is responsible for a partial reduction of the Fe3O4 into the FeO phase at the interface with Au nanoparticles. The Au-O bonds are formed, presumably across the interface to accommodate an excess of oxygen released during the reduction of magnetite.

  16. Facile synthesis of Fe3O4@C hollow nanospheres and their application in polluted water treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yuanguang; Xu, Shihao; Xia, Hongyu; Zheng, Fangcai

    2016-11-01

    Nanostructured carbon-based materials, such as carbon nanotube arrays have shown respectable removal ability for heavy metal ions and organic dyes in aqueous solution. Although the carbon-based materials exhibited excellent removal ability, the separation of them from the aqueous solution is difficult and time-consuming. Here we demonstrated a novel and facile route for the large-scale fabrication of Fe3O4@C hollow nanospheres, with using ferrocene as a single reagent and SiO2 as a template. The as-prepared Fe3O4@C hollow nanospheres exhibited adsorption ability for heavy metal ions and organic dyes from aqueous solution, and can be easily separated by an external magnet. When the as-prepared Fe3O4@C hollow nanospheres were mixed with the aqueous solution of Hg2+ within 15 min, the removal efficiency was 90.3%. The as-prepared Fe3O4@C hollow nanospheres were also exhibited a high adsorption capacity (100%) as the adsorbent for methylene blue (MB). In addition, the as-prepared Fe3O4@C hollow nanospheres can be used as the recyclable sorbent for water treatment via a simple magnetic separation.

  17. Synthesis of hierarchical Mg-doped Fe3O4 micro/nano materials for the decomposition of hexachlorobenzene.

    PubMed

    Su, Guijin; Liu, Yexuan; Huang, Linyan; Lu, Huijie; Liu, Sha; Li, Liewu; Zheng, Minghui

    2014-03-01

    An ethylene-glycol (EG) mediated self-assembly process was firstly developed to synthesize micrometer-sized nanostructured Mg-doped Fe3O4 composite oxides to decompose hexachlorobenzene (HCB) at 300°C. The synthesized samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. The morphology and composition of the composite oxide precursor were regulated by the molar ratio of the magnesium acetate and ferric nitrate as the reactants. Calcination of the precursor particles, prepared with different molar ratio of the metal salts, under a reducing nitrogen atmosphere, generated three kinds of Mg doped Fe3O4 composite oxide micro/nano materials. Their reactivity toward HCB decomposition was likely influenced by the material morphology and content of Mg dopants. Ball-like MgFe2O4-Fe3O4 composite oxide micro/nano material showed superior HCB dechlorination efficiencies when compared with pure Fe3O4 micro/nano material, prepared under similar experimental conditions, thus highlighting the benefits of doping Mg into Fe3O4 matrices.

  18. Structural and functional investigation of graphene oxide–Fe3O4 nanocomposites for the heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction

    PubMed Central

    Zubir, Nor Aida; Yacou, Christelle; Motuzas, Julius; Zhang, Xiwang; Diniz da Costa, João C.

    2014-01-01

    Graphene oxide–iron oxide (GO–Fe3O4) nanocomposites were synthesised by co-precipitating iron salts onto GO sheets in basic solution. The results showed that formation of two distinct structures was dependent upon the GO loading. The first structure corresponds to a low GO loading up to 10 wt%, associated with the beneficial intercalation of GO within Fe3O4 nanoparticles and resulting in higher surface area up to 409 m2 g−1. High GO loading beyond 10 wt% led to the aggregation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and the undesirable stacking of GO sheets. The presence of strong interfacial interactions (Fe-O-C bonds) between both components at low GO loading lead to 20% higher degradation of Acid Orange 7 than the Fe3O4 nanoparticles in heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction. This behaviour was attributed to synergistic structural and functional effect of the combined GO and Fe3O4 nanoparticles. PMID:24699690

  19. New insight on optical and magnetic Fe3O4 nanoclusters promising for near infrared theranostic applications.

    PubMed

    Huang, Chih-Chia; Chang, Po-Yang; Liu, Chien-Liang; Xu, Jia-Pu; Wu, Shu-Pao; Kuo, Wen-Chuan

    2015-08-07

    Extensive efforts have been devoted to the development of a new biophotonic system using near infrared (NIR) nano-agents for non-invasive cancer diagnosis and therapy. Here, we developed a simple synthesis reaction of ligands, hydrazine, and iron(ii) chloride to fabricate Fe3O4 cluster-structured nanoparticles (CNPs) with interesting NIR photonics and high magnetization (Ms: 98.3 emu g(-1) and proton relaxivity r2: 234.6 mM(-1) s(-1)). These Fe3O4 CNPs exhibited optical absorption and reflection over all wavelengths, showing a U-shape absorption band with a low absorbance at a range of 750-950 nm and a progressive evolution in the second near infrared region. Strengthening of the scattering effect by incubating Fe3O4 CNPs with HeLa cells was observed when optical contrast enhancement was performed in an optical coherence tomography (OCT) microscope system with a laser light source at 860 nm. Using a 1064 nm laser at a low power density (380 mW cm(-2)) to excite the Fe3O4 CNPs (375 ppm[Fe]) led to a rise in the water temperature from 25 °C to 58 °C within 10 min. Finally, we present the first example of magnetomotive OCT cellular imaging combined with enhanced photothermal therapy using Fe3O4 CNPs and applying a magnetic field, which is promising for preclinical and clinical trials in the future.

  20. Fabrication of Fe3O4@CuO core-shell from MOF based materials and its antibacterial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rajabi, S. K.; Sohrabnezhad, Sh.; Ghafourian, S.

    2016-12-01

    Magnetic Fe3O4@CuO nanocomposite with a core/shell structure was successfully synthesized via direct calcinations of magnetic Fe3O4@HKUST-1 in air atmosphere. The morphology, structure, magnetic and porous properties of the as-synthesized nano composites were characterized by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and vibration sample magnetometer (VSM). The results showed that the nanocomposite material included a Fe3O4 core and a CuO shell. The Fe3O4@CuO core-shell can be separated easily from the medium by a small magnet. The antibacterial activity of Fe3O4-CuO core-shell was investigated against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. A new mechanism was proposed for inactivation of bacteria over the prepared sample. It was demonstrated that the core-shell exhibit recyclable antibacterial activity, acting as an ideal long-acting antibacterial agent.

  1. Exchange bias effect in Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles induced by the charge transfer from gold

    DOE PAGES

    Feygenson, Mikhail; Bauer, John C; Gai, Zheng; ...

    2015-08-10

    We have studied the origin of the exchange bias effect in the Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles in two samples with different sizes of the Au seed nanoparticles (4.1 and 2.7 nm) and same size of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (9.8 nm). The magnetization, small-angle neutron scattering, synchrotron x-ray diffraction and scanning transmission electron microscope measurements determined the antiferromagnetic FeO wüstite phase within Fe3O4 nanoparticles, originating at the interface with the Au nanoparticles. The interface between antiferromagnetic FeO and ferrimagnetic Fe3O4 is giving rise to the exchange bias effect. The strength of the exchange bias fields depends on the interfacial area and lattice mismatchmore » between both phases. We propose that the charge transfer from the Au nanoparticles is responsible for a partial reduction of the Fe3O4 into FeO phase at the interface with Au nanoparticles. The Au-O bonds are formed across the interface to accommodate an excess of oxygen released during the reduction of magnetite.« less

  2. Exchange bias effect in Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles induced by the charge transfer from gold

    SciTech Connect

    Feygenson, Mikhail; Bauer, John C.; Gai, Zheng; Marques, Carlos; Aronson, Meigan C.; Teng, Xiaowei; Su, Dong; Stanic, Vesna; Urban, Volker S.; Beyer, Kevin A.; Dai, Sheng

    2015-08-10

    We have studied the origin of the exchange bias effect in the Au-Fe3O4 dumbbell nanoparticles in two samples with different sizes of the Au seed nanoparticles (4.1 and 2.7 nm) and same size of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (9.8 nm). The magnetization, small-angle neutron-scattering, synchrotron x-ray diffraction, and scanning transmission electron microscope measurements determined the antiferromagnetic FeO wustite phase within Fe3O4 nanoparticles, originating at the interface with the Au nanoparticles. The interface between antiferromagnetic FeO and ferrimagnetic Fe3O4 is giving rise to the exchange bias effect. The strength of the exchange bias fields depends on the interfacial area and lattice mismatch between both phases. We propose that the charge transfer from the Au nanoparticles is responsible for a partial reduction of the Fe3O4 into the FeO phase at the interface with Au nanoparticles. The Au-O bonds are formed, presumably across the interface to accommodate an excess of oxygen released during the reduction of magnetite

  3. Fabrication of Bi-Fe3O4@RGO hybrids and their catalytic performance for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xuefang; Xia, Fengling; Li, Xichuan; Xu, Xiaoyang; Wang, Huan; Yang, Nian; Gao, Jianping

    2015-11-01

    Nanocatalysts are frequently connected to magnetic nanoparticles. These composites are easy to be retrieved from the reaction system under a magnetic field because of their magnetic properties. Magnetic separation is particularly promising in industry since it can solve many issues present in filtration, centrifugation, or gravitation separation. Herein, a facile method to prepare bismuth and Fe3O4 nanoparticles loaded on reduced graphene oxide magnetic hybrids (Bi-Fe3O4@RGO) using soluble starch as a dispersant is demonstrated. The magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by the co-precipitation of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions, and Bi nanoparticles were fabricated by the redox reactions between sodium borohydride and ammonium bismuth citrate in the presence of soluble starch. Transmission electron microscopy images demonstrate that the average diameter of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles is about 5 nm and the diameters of Bi nanoparticles range from 10 to 20 nm. The magnetic Bi-Fe3O4@RGO hybrids exhibit high catalytic activity in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) by NaBH4 with a first-order rate constant (K) of 0.00808 s-1 and is magnetically recyclable for at least five cycles. This strategy provides an efficient and recyclable catalyst for the use in environmental protection applications.

  4. Facile Hydrothermal Synthesis of Fe3O4/C Core-Shell Nanorings for Efficient Low-Frequency Microwave Absorption.

    PubMed

    Wu, Tong; Liu, Yun; Zeng, Xiang; Cui, Tingting; Zhao, Yanting; Li, Yana; Tong, Guoxiu

    2016-03-23

    Using elliptical iron glycolate nanosheets as precursors, elliptical Fe3O4/C core-shell nanorings (NRs) [25 ± 10 nm in wall thickness, 150 ± 40 nm in length, and 1.6 ± 0.3 in long/short axis ratio] are synthesized via a one-pot hydrothermal route. The surface-poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP)-protected-glucose reduction/carbonization/Ostwald ripening mechanism is responsible for Fe3O4/C NR formation. Increasing the glucose/precursor molar ratio can enhance carbon contents, causing a linear decrease in saturation magnetization (Ms) and coercivity (Hc). The Fe3O4/C NRs reveal enhanced low-frequency microwave absorption because of improvements to their permittivity and impedance matching. A maximum RL value of -55.68 dB at 3.44 GHz is achieved by Fe3O4/C NRs with 11.95 wt % C content at a volume fraction of 17 vol %. Reflection loss (RL) values (≤-20 dB) are observed at 2.11-10.99 and 16.5-17.26 GHz. Our research provides insights into the microwave absorption mechanism of elliptical Fe3O4/C core-shell NRs. Findings indicate that ring-like and core-shell nanostructures are promising structures for devising new and effective microwave absorbers.

  5. Degradation of methylene blue with H2O2 activated by peroxidase-like Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Jizhou; Zou, Jing; Zhu, Lihua; Huang, Lei; Jiang, Haipeng; Zhang, Yuanxiao

    2011-06-01

    Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4 MNPs) were successfully prepared through an advanced reverse co-precipitation method under the assistance of ultrasound irradiation. The structure and size distribution were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), laser particle size analyzer (LPSA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopy. The magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles were measured by the vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Such Fe3O4 MNPs were used as a peroxidase mimetic to remove the dye pollutant methylene blue (MB) in the presence of H2O2. Some important reaction parameters were optimized to improve the degradation of MB. It was observed that the degradation efficiency of 10 mg L(-1) MB was above 96% over 0.62 g L(-1) Fe3O4 MNPs within 0.30 mmol L(-1) H2O2 at pH 4.85 and temperature 25 degrees C in 15 min, being superior to the previous reports.

  6. Fabrication, structure, and properties of Fe3O4@C encapsulated with YVO4:Eu3+ composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Jianhui; Tong, Lizhu; Liu, Deming; Yang, Hua

    2012-03-01

    The use of carbon shells offers many advantages in surface coating or surface modification due to their surface with activated carboxyl and carbonyl groups. In this study, the Fe3O4@C@YVO4:Eu3+ composites were prepared through a simple sol-gel process. Reactive carbon interlayer was introduced as a key component, which separates lanthanide-based luminescent component from the magnetite, more importantly, it effectively prevent oxidation of the Fe3O4 core during the whole preparation process. The morphology, structure, magnetic, and luminescent properties of the composites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectra, VSM, and photoluminescent spectrophotometer. As a result, the Fe3O4@C/YVO4:Eu3+ composites with well-crystallized and core-shell structure were prepared and the YVO4:Eu3+ luminescent layer decorating the Fe3O4@C core-shell microspheres are about 10 nm. In addition, the Fe3O4@C@YVO4:Eu3+ composites have the excellent magnetic and luminescent properties, which allow them great potential for bioapplications such as magnetic bioseparation, magnetic resonance imaging, and drug/gene delivery.

  7. Shape-Controllable Synthesis of Peroxidase-Like Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Catalytic Removal of Organic Pollutants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wan, Dong; Li, Wenbing; Wang, Guanghua; Wei, Xiaobi

    2016-10-01

    The shape of Fe3O4 nanoparticles is controlled using a simple oxidation-precipitation method without any surfactant. The morphology and structure of the obtained Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by using x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, N2 physisorption and vibrating sample magnetometer. As-prepared Fe3O4 samples showed octahedron, cube, hexagonal plate and sphere morphologies. Peroxidase-like activity of the four nanostructures was evaluated for catalytic removal of organic pollutants in the presence of H2O2, using rhodamine B as a model compound. The results showed that the H2O2-activating ability of the Fe3O4 nanocrystals was structure dependent and followed the order sphere > cube > octahedron > hexagonal plate, which was closely related to their surface FeII/FeIII ratios or crystal planes. The reusability of Fe3O4 spheres was also investigated after five successive runs, which demonstrated the promising application of the catalyst in the degradation of organic pollutants. This investigation is of great significance for the heterogeneous catalysts with enhanced activity and practical application.

  8. Generalized green synthesis of Fe3O4/Ag composites with excellent SERS activity and their application in fungicide detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Hongyan; Zhao, Aiwu; Wang, Rujing; Wang, Dapeng; Wang, Liusan; Gao, Qian; Sun, Henghui; Li, Lei; He, Qinye

    2015-12-01

    This paper reports the generalized green synthesis of a series of Fe3O4/Ag composites by magnetron sputtering method. The amounts of silver nanoparticles located on the hollow Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles can be tuned by controlling the sputtering time. The surfaces of Fe3O4/Ag composites are rough with high density and numerous Ag nanogaps (which can serve as Raman active hot spots to amplify the Raman signal), providing the sound reliability and reproducibility of Raman detection. With p-aminothiophenol and Rhodamine 6G (R6G) for probe molecules, the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) properties of these Fe3O4/Ag composites were studied. It was found that the SERS signal reached the maximum with the sputtering time of 130 s, indicating that this compound had most hot spots. In this paper, we used the composite with the strongest SERS signal for thiram detection, and the detection limit can reach 5 × 10-7 mol/L (about 0.012 ppm), which is lower than the maximal residue limit of 7 ppm in fruit prescribed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The Fe3O4/Ag composites are readily available, easy to carry, and show great potential for applications in universal SERS substrates in practical SERS detection.

  9. Adsorption-desorption behavior of magnetic amine/Fe3O4 functionalized biopolymer resin towards anionic dyes from wastewater.

    PubMed

    Song, Wen; Gao, Baoyu; Xu, Xing; Xing, Lulu; Han, Shuang; Duan, Pijun; Song, Wuchang; Jia, Ruibao

    2016-06-01

    In this work, a new kind of magnetic amine/Fe3O4 functionalized biopolymer resin (amine/Fe3O4-resin) was prepared and applied to remove various anionic dyes from water. Methyl Orange (MO), Reactive Brilliant Red K-2BP (RBR) and Acid Red 18 (AR) were selected as the typical anionic dye for this research. Meanwhile, amine/Fe3O4-resin was characterized by VSM, XRD, FT-IR, SEM, TEM and XPS. Three anionic dyes removed by amine/Fe3O4-resin were investigated using batch adsorption technique, and the parameters including adsorbent dosage, pH, contact time and temperature were considered. Due to a large number of amine groups and high surface areas, amine/Fe3O4-resin exhibited a remarkably high adsorption capacity for all three dyes, reaching 101.0mg/g, 222.2mg/g and 99.4mg/g for RBR, MO and AR at 25°C, respectively. The pseudo second order model and Langmuir model agreed well with the experimental data, and regeneration experiments indicated its merit of separability and reusability. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Enhancement of Sonocatalytic Activity and Stability of Magnetic LaFeO3/Fe3O4 Nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Afifah, Nur; Saleh, Rosari

    2017-05-01

    Recyclable catalyst using magnetic LaFeO3/Fe3O4 nanocomposite has been successfully synthesized using co-precipitation method. The structural and magnetic properties of the samples were investigated using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis, and Vibrating Sample Magnetomfeter (VSM) Spectroscopy. The XRD results revealed that the LaFeO3/Fe3O4 nanocomposite shows orthorhombic and cubic spinel structure from LaFeO3 and Fe3O4, respectively. The saturation magnetization of LaFeO3 increases with the increasing of Fe3O4 content in the nanocomposite. The sonocatalytic performance and recyclability of the sample were evaluated by degrading methylene blue (MB) as a model of organic pollutant. Compared to LaFeO3 nanoparticles, the sonocatalytic activity of LaFeO3/Fe3O4 nanocomposite showed better performance. The stability of the catalyst was also checked by removing the catalyst from the MB solution simply using an external magnetic field. The result shows that the sample has good stability.

  11. Electrochemical Immunosensor Based on Fe3O4/PANI/AuNP Detecting Interface for Carcinoembryonic Antigen Biomarker

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amarasiri, Chamali; Nguyen, Thanh Binh; Nguyen, Loc Thai; Thu, Vu Thi; Thuy, Nguyen Thi My; Dai Lam, Tran

    2017-10-01

    A low-cost screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) modified with Fe3O4, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), and polyaniline (PANI) has been developed for rapid measurement of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) biomarker. The electrode surface was covered with Fe3O4 nanoparticles by drop coating then with PANI via electropolymerization. The resulting surface was further modified by AuNPs via electrodeposition. Key factors affecting the electrochemical behavior and sensing performance of the electrode were investigated. The results demonstrated that Fe3O4 mass loading of 2 mg/cm2 and 15 cycles of PANI polymerization were optimal for electrochemical measurement of CEA biomarker. In addition, compared with bare SPCE, coating the electrode surface with PANI, Fe3O4/PANI, and Fe3O4/PANI/AuNP significantly enhanced the peak oxidation current by approximately 16%, 52%, and 93%, respectively. The sensors exhibited linear trends with CEA concentration from 0 ng/mL to 10 ng/mL. The limit of detection and sensitivity of the electrode were estimated to be 0.25 ng/mL and 0.3827 μA/ng mL-1, respectively. Such sensors could be easily integrated into microfluidic platforms and could serve as a low-cost, rapid, point-of-care measurement method for CEA cancer biomarker.

  12. Reductive transformation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid by nanoscale and microscale Fe3O4 particles.

    PubMed

    Si, You B; Fang, Guo D; Zhou, Jing; Zhou, Dong M

    2010-04-01

    Reductive transformation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) by nanoscale and microscale Fe(3)O(4) was investigated and compared. Disappearance of the parent species and formation of reaction intermediates and products were kinetically analyzed. Results suggest that the transformation of 2,4-D followed a primary pathway of its complete reduction to phenol and a secondary pathway of sequential reductive hydrogenolysis to 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP), chlorophenol (2-CP, 4-CP) and phenol. About 65% of 2,4-D with initial concentration of 50 micro M was transformed within 48 h in the presence of 300 mg L(-1) nanoscale Fe(3)O(4), and the reaction rates increased with increasing dosage of nanoscale Fe(3)O(4). The decomposition of 2,4-D proceeded rapidly at optimum pH 3.0. Chloride was identified as a reduction product for 2,4-D in the magnetite-water system. Reductive transformation of 2,4-D by microscale Fe(3)O(4) was slower than that by nanoscale Fe(3)O(4). The reactions apparently followed pseudo-first-order kinetics with respect to the 2,4-D transformation. The degradation rate of 2,4-D decreased with the increase of initial 2,4-D concentration. In addition, anions had a significant adverse impact on the degradation efficiency of 2,4-D.

  13. Engineering the mesopores of Fe3O4@mesosilica core-shell nanospheres through a solvothermal post-treatment method.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yan; Liu, Jia; Bai, Shiyang; Li, Xiaobo; Yang, Qihua

    2013-03-01

    A solvothermal post-treatment method was developed to synthesize Fe(3)O(4)@mesosilica core-shell nanospheres (CSNs) with a well-preserved morphology, mesoporous structure, and tunable large pore diameters (2.5-17.6 nm) for the first time. N,N-Dimethylhexadecylamine (DMHA), which was generated in situ during the heat-treatment process, was mainly responsible for this pore-size enlargement, as characterized by NMR spectroscopy. This pore-size expansion can be strengthened with the aid of hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS), whilst the nature of the surface of the Fe(3)O(4)@mesosilica CSNs can be easily modified with trimethylsilyl groups during the pore-size-expansion process. The hydrophobicity of the Fe(3)O(4)@mesosilica CSNs increased for the enlarged mesopores and the adsorption capacity of these CSNs for benzene (up to 1.5 g g(-1)) is the highest ever reported for Fe(3)O(4)@mesosilica CSNs. The resultant Fe(3)O(4)@mesosilica CSNs (pore size: 10 nm) showed a 3.6-times higher adsorption capacity of lysozyme than those without the pore expansion (pore size: 2.5 nm), thus making them a good candidate for loading large molecules.

  14. Multifunctional Fe3O4-TiO2 nanocomposites for magnetic resonance imaging and potential photodynamic therapy.

    PubMed

    Zeng, Leyong; Ren, Wenzhi; Xiang, Lingchao; Zheng, Jianjun; Chen, Bin; Wu, Aiguo

    2013-03-07

    Multifunctional Fe(3)O(4)-TiO(2) nanocomposites with Janus structure for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and potential photodynamic therapy (PDT) were synthesized, in which Fe(3)O(4) was used as a MRI contrast agent and TiO(2) as an inorganic photosensitizer for PDT. Their morphology, structure, and MRI and PDT performance were characterized, respectively. Moreover, the location of Fe(3)O(4)-TiO(2) nanocomposites in MCF-7 cells was also investigated by the staining of Prussian blue and alizarin red, respectively. The results showed that the as-prepared Fe(3)O(4)-TiO(2) nanocomposites had good T(2)-weighted MRI performance, and the MCF-7 cells incubated with nanocomposites could be killed under the irradiation of UV light. Compared with traditional organic photosensitizers, TiO(2) inorganic photosensitizers could have more stable PDT performance due to their nanoscale size and anti-photodegradable stability. Therefore, the as-prepared Fe(3)O(4)-TiO(2) nanocomposites could have potential applications as a new kind of multifunctional agent for both MRI and PDT.

  15. Exploiting differential electrochemical stripping behaviors of Fe3O4 nanocrystals toward heavy metal ions by crystal cutting.

    PubMed

    Yao, Xian-Zhi; Guo, Zheng; Yuan, Qing-Hong; Liu, Zhong-Gang; Liu, Jin-Huai; Huang, Xing-Jiu

    2014-08-13

    This study attempts to understand the intrinsic impact of different morphologies of nanocrystals on their electrochemical stripping behaviors toward heavy metal ions. Two differently shaped Fe3O4 nanocrystals, i.e., (100)-bound cubic and (111)-bound octahedral, have been synthesized for the experiments. Electrochemical results indicate that Fe3O4 nanocrystals with different shapes show different stripping behaviors toward heavy metal ions. Octahedral Fe3O4 nanocrystals show better electrochemical sensing performances toward the investigated heavy metal ions such as Zn(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Cu(II), and Hg(II), in comparison with cubic ones. Specifically, Pb(II) is found to have the best stripping performance on both the (100) and (111) facets. To clarify these phenomena, adsorption abilities of as-prepared Fe3O4 nanocrystals have been investigated toward heavy metal ions. Most importantly, combined with theoretical calculations, their different electrochemical stripping behaviors in view of facet effects have been further studied and enclosed at the level of molecular/atom. Finally, as a trial to find a disposable platform completely free from noble metals, the potential application of the Fe3O4 nanocrystals for electrochemical detection of As(III) in drinking water is demonstrated.

  16. Synthesis of Ce(III)-doped Fe3O4 magnetic particles for efficient removal of antimony from aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Qi, Zenglu; Joshi, Tista Prasai; Liu, Ruiping; Liu, Huijuan; Qu, Jiuhui

    2017-05-05

    Aqueous antimony (Sb) pollution from human activity is of great concern in drinking water due to its adverse health effect. Magnetic Fe3O4 particles, with high separation ability from solution, have been considered as a low-cost Sb adsorbent for contaminants. However, the limited adsorption capacity has restricted its practical application. In this study, a solvothermal approach was developed for doping Ce(III) into Fe3O4, thereby increasing the adsorption efficacy for both Sb(III) and Sb(V). In contrast to un-doped Fe3O4, the adsorption capacity towards Sb(III) and Sb(V) in Ce-doped materials increased from 111.4 to 224.2mg/g and from 37.2 to 188.1mg/g at neutral pH, respectively. Based on the combined results of XPS, XRD, and FTIR, it confirmed that Ce atom successfully doped into the Fe3O4 structure, resulting in the decreased particle size, increased the surface area, and isoelectric point. Furthermore, the vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) results showed that the Ce doping process had some side effects on the primitive magnetic property, but remaining the high separation potential during water treatment. According to the high removal efficiency and magnetic property, the Ce-doped Fe3O4 of great simplicity should be a promising adsorbent for aqueous Sb removal. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Synthesis, characterization, and application of Fe3O4/Ag magnetic composites for mercury removal from water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elhouderi, Z. A.; Beesley, D. P.; Nguyen, T. T.; Lai, P.; Sheehan, K.; Trudel, S.; Prenner, E.; Cramb, D. T.; Anikovskiy, M.

    2016-04-01

    Engineered nanocomposites (NCs) have recently emerged as materials of great scientific and technological interest. In these materials, different components are combined to yield a nanoentity with desired properties not afforded by the constituent materials. Designing novel NCs and synthetic routes that enable controlling the size and functionalities remains an active area of research. Here, we present a two-step method of synthesizing Ag-Fe3O4 NCs with tunable sizes. Unlike previously reported structures, the prepared NCs do not have a familiar core-shell architecture. Instead, small Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) are embedded in a larger silver matrix. The superparamagnetic Fe3O4 NPs endow the NC with magnetic properties, enabling easy separation from solution. The degree of the NC response to an external magnetic field can be controlled by varying the concentration of Fe3O4 NPs during the synthesis. The Ag matrix serves to protect the embedded Fe3O4 NPs from degradation and can be used for further functionalization of the NCs with different sulfhydryl containing linkers. To demonstrate utility, we show how decorating the outer layer of the Ag NC with diphenyl-4,4‧-dithiol transforms the NCs into a water purifying system capable of sequestering highly toxic Hg2+ ions from solution magnetically.

  18. La-EDTA coated Fe3O4 nanomaterial: preparation and application in removal of phosphate from water.

    PubMed

    Yang, Jiao; Zeng, Qingru; Peng, Liang; Lei, Ming; Song, Huijuan; Tie, Boqing; Gu, Jidong

    2013-02-01

    La-EDTA-Fe3O4 was prepared by a chemical co-precipitation method. The magnetic composite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Furthermore, the adsorption properties of La-EDTA-Fe3O4 toward phosphate in water were investigated. The uptake rate of phosphate in water by La-EDTA-Fe3O4 was 3-1000 times than that of EDTA-Fe3O4, and reached 97.8% at 7 hr. The adsorption process agreed well with the Freundlich model and kinetics studies showed that the adsorption of phosphate proceeds according to pseudo second-order adsorption kinetics. The maximum removal rate was achieved at pH 6.0-7.0. The La-EDTA-Fe3O4 had good adsorption properties and could be separated well from aqueous solution by a permanent magnet. Therefore, this nanomaterial has potential application for the removal of phosphate from large water bodies.

  19. Fe3 O4 Anisotropic Nanostructures in Hydrogels: Efficient Catalysts for the Rapid Removal of Organic Dyes from Wastewater.

    PubMed

    Gao, Yang; Hu, Chen; Zheng, Wen Jiang; Yang, Sen; Li, Fei; Sun, Shao Dong; Zrínyi, Miklós; Osada, Yoshihito; Yang, Zhi Mao; Chen, Yong Mei

    2016-07-04

    Fe3 O4 anisotropic nanostructures that exhibit excellent catalytic performance are rarely used to catalyze Fenton-like reactions because of the inevitable drawbacks resulting from traditional preparation methods. In this study, a facile, nontoxic, water-based approach is developed for directly regulating a series of anisotropic morphologies of Fe3 O4 nanostructures in a hydrogel matrix. In having the advantages of both the catalytic activity of Fe3 O4 and the adsorptive capacity of an anionic polymer network, the hybrid nanocomposites have the capability to effect the rapid removal of cationic dyes, such as methylene blue, from water samples. Perhaps more interestingly, hybrid nanocomposites loaded with Fe3 O4 nanorods exhibit the highest catalytic activity compared to those composed of nanoneedles and nanooctahedra, revealing the important role of nanostructure morphology. By means of scanning electrochemical microscopy, it is revealed that Fe3 O4 nanorods can efficiently catalyze H2 O2 decomposition and thus generate more free radicals ((.) OH, (.) HO2 ) for methylene blue degradation, which might account for their high catalytic activity. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Uniform Fe3O4-PANi/PS composite spheres with conductive and magnetic properties and their hollow spheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xiaocong; Tang, Saide; Liu, Jing; He, Ziqiong; An, Lijuan; Zhang, Chenxi; Hao, Jingmei; Feng, Wei

    2009-05-01

    Core-shell multifunctional composite spheres consisting of Fe3O4-polyaniline (PANi) shell and polystyrene (PS) core were fabricated using core-shell-structured sulfonated PS spheres (with uniform diameter of 250 nm) as templates. PANi was doped in situ by sulfonic acid resulting the composite spheres are well conductive. Dissolved with solvent, PS cores were removed from the core-shell composite spheres and hollow Fe3O4-PANi spheres were obtained. Removing the PANi and PS components by calcinations produced hollow Fe3O4 spheres. The cavity size of the hollow spheres was uniformly approximate to 190 nm and the shell thickness was 30 nm. The cavity size and the shell thickness can be synchronously controlled by varying the sulfonation time of the PS templates. The shell thickness in size range was of 20-86 nm when the sulfonation time was changed from 1 to 4 h. These resulting spheres could be arranged in order by self-assembly of the templates. Both the Fe3O4-PANi/PS composite spheres and the hollow Fe3O4 spheres exhibit a super-paramagnetic behavior. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray powder scattering were used to characterize these as-prepared spheres.

  1. Preparation and photocatalytic properties of magnetically reusable Fe3O4@ZnO core/shell nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jian; Yang, Jinghai; Li, Xiuyan; Wang, Dandan; Wei, Bing; Song, Hang; Li, Xuefei; Fu, Siwei

    2016-01-01

    Fe3O4@ZnO binary nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple two-step chemical method and characterized using various analytical instruments. TEM result proved the binary nanoparticles have core/shell structures and average particle size is 60 nm. Photocatalytic investigation of Fe3O4@ZnO core/shell nanoparticles was carried out using rhodamine B (RhB) solution under UV light. Fe3O4@ZnO core/shell nanoparticles showed enhanced photocatalytic performance in comparison with the as prepared ZnO nanoparticles. The enhanced photocatalytic activity for Fe3O4@ZnO might be resulting from the higher concentration of surface oxygen vacancies and the suppressing effect of the Fe3+ ions on the recombination of photoinduced electron-hole pairs. Magnetization saturation value (5.96 emu/g) of Fe3O4@ZnO core/shell nanoparticles is high enough to be magnetically removed by applying a magnetic field. The core/shell photocatalyst can be easily separated by using a commercial magnet and almost no decrease in photocatalytic efficiency was observed even after recycling six times.

  2. Density functional theory study on the interaction of CO2 with Fe3O4(111) surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Su, Tongming; Qin, Zuzeng; Huang, Guan; Ji, Hongbing; Jiang, Yuexiu; Chen, Jianhua

    2016-08-01

    CO2 adsorption on the Fetet1- and Feoct2-tet1-terminated Fe3O4(111) surface was investigated in order to understand the adsorption mechanism of CO2 by using density functional theory (DFT). Both weak and strong adsorptions exist between the CO2 and the Fe3O4(111) surface. The preferred adsorption site was found to be the Od site on the Feoct2-tet1-termination, after adsorption, the CO2 molecule was bent and the Csbnd O bond was elongated, indicating the activation of CO2. And it is found that Feoct2-tet1-terminated Fe3O4(111) surface is more active than Fetet1-terminated surface, CO2 serves as a charge acceptor to withdraw electrons from the Feoct2-tet1-terminated Fe3O4(111) surface. In addition, partial density of states, electron localization function and difference electron density reveal that covalent bond was formed between the C atom of CO2 and the surface O atom. These results provide fundamental insight into the CO2 adsorption mechanism on Fe3O4(111) surface and potential application on the activation of CO2.

  3. Magnetic ordered mesoporous Fe3O4/CeO2 composites with synergy of adsorption and Fenton catalysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Keyan; Zhao, Yongqin; Song, Chunshan; Guo, Xinwen

    2017-12-01

    Magnetic Fe3O4/CeO2 composites with highly ordered mesoporous structure and large surface area were synthesized by impregnation-calcination method, and the mesoporous CeO2 as support was synthesized via the hard template approach. The composition, morphology and physicochemical properties of the materials were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, XPS, Raman spectra and N2 adsorption/desorption analysis. The mesoporous Fe3O4/CeO2 composite played a dual-function role as both adsorbent and Fenton-like catalyst for removal of organic dye. The methylene blue (MB) removal efficiency of mesoporous Fe3O4/CeO2 was much higher than that of irregular porous Fe3O4/CeO2. The superior adsorption ability of mesoporous materials was attributed to the abundant oxygen vacancies on the surface of CeO2, high surface area and ordered mesoporous channels. The good oxidative degradation resulted from high Ce3+ content and the synergistic effect between Fe and Ce. The mesoporous Fe3O4/CeO2 composite presented low metal leaching (iron 0.22 mg L-1 and cerium 0.63 mg L-1), which could be ascribed to the strong metal-support interactions for dispersion and stabilization of Fe species. In addition, the composite can be easily separated from reaction solution with an external magnetic field due to its magnetic property, which is important to its practical applications.

  4. Synthesis and characterization of rice straw/Fe3O4 nanocomposites by a quick precipitation method.

    PubMed

    Khandanlou, Roshanak; Bin Ahmad, Mansor; Shameli, Kamyar; Kalantari, Katayoon

    2013-06-05

    Small sized magnetite iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs) with were successfully synthesized on the surface of rice straw using the quick precipitation method in the absence of any heat treatment. Ferric chloride (FeCl3·6H2O), ferrous chloride (FeCl2·4H2O), sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and urea (CH4N2O) were used as Fe3O4-NPs precursors, reducing agent and stabilizer, respectively. The rice straw fibers were dispersed in deionized water, and then urea was added to the suspension, after that ferric and ferrous chloride were added to this mixture and stirred. After the absorption of iron ions on the surface layer of the fibers, the ions were reduced with NaOH by a quick precipitation method. The reaction was carried out under N2 gas. The mean diameter and standard deviation of metal oxide NPs synthesized in rice straw/Fe3O4 nanocomposites (NCs) were 9.93 ± 2.42 nm. The prepared rice straw/Fe3O4-NCS were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXF) and Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FT‒IR). The rice straw/Fe3O4-NCs prepared by this method have magnetic properties.

  5. Mesocrystalline Zn-Doped Fe3O4 Hollow Submicrospheres: Formation Mechanism and Enhanced Photo-Fenton Catalytic Performance.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Xuan Sang; Zhang, Gaoke; Yang, Xianfeng

    2017-03-15

    Uniform and magnetic recyclable mesocrystalline Zn-doped Fe3O4 hollow submicrospheres (HSMSs) were successfully synthesized via a simple one-pot solvothermal route and were used for efficient heterogeneous photo-Fenton catalyst. XRD, XPS, Raman spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy, SEM, HRTEM, and EDX analyses revealed that the shell of HSMSs is highly porous and assembled by oriented attachment of magnetite nanocrystal building blocks with Zn-rich surfaces. Furthermore, a possible formation mechanism of mesocrystalline hollow materials was proposed. First, Fe3O4 mesocrystals were assembled by oriented nanocrystals, and a Zn-rich amorphous shell grew on the surfaces. Then, Zn gradually diffused into Fe3O4 crystals to form Zn-doped Fe3O4 due to the Kirkendall effect with increasing the reaction time. Meanwhile, the inner nanocrystals would be dissolved, and outer particles would grow larger owing to the Ostwald ripening process, leading to the formation of a hollow structure with porous shell. The Zn-doped Fe3O4 HSMSs exhibited high and stable photo-Fenton activity for degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) and cephalexin under visible-light irradiation in the presence of H2O2, which results from their hollow mesocrystal structure and Zn doping. It could be easily separated and reused by an external magnetic field. The results suggested that the as-obtained magnetite hollow mesocrystals could be a promising catalyst in the photo-Fenton process.

  6. Efficient removal of arsenic by strategically designed and layer-by-layer assembled PS@+rGO@GO@Fe3O4 composites.

    PubMed

    Kang, Bong Kyun; Lim, Byeong Seok; Yoon, Yeojoon; Kwag, Sung Hoon; Park, Won Kyu; Song, Young Hyun; Yang, Woo Seok; Ahn, Yong-Tae; Kang, Joon-Wun; Yoon, Dae Ho

    2017-10-01

    The PS@+rGO@GO@Fe3O4 (PG-Fe3O4) hybrid composites for Arsenic removal were successfully fabricated and well dispersed using layer-by-layer assembly and a hydrothermal method. The PG-Fe3O4 hybrid composites were composed of uniformly coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles on graphene oxide layers with water flow space between 3D structures providing many contact area and adsorption sites for Arsenic adsorption. The PG-Fe3O4 hybrid composite has large surface adsorption sites and exhibits high adsorption capacities of 104 mg/g for As (III) and 68 mg/g for As (V) at 25 °C and pH 7 comparison with pure Fe3O4 and P-Fe3O4 samples. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Fabrication highly dispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles on carbon nanotubes and its application as a mimetic enzyme to degrade Orange II.

    PubMed

    Deng, Jingheng; Wen, Xianghua; Li, Jiaxi

    2016-09-01

    Fe3O4 nanoparticles were grown in situ on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by a solvothermal method. The Fe3O4/CNTs composites were characterised by the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method and transmission electron microscopy. The results indicated that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were uniformly deposited on CNTs, and the average diameter was approximately 7.0 nm. The Fe3O4/CNTs were applied as an enzyme mimetic to decompose Orange II, and the decomposing conditions were optimised. At 500 mg L(-1) of Fe3O4/CNTs in the presence of 15.0 mmol L(-1) of H2O2, at 30°C, it degraded 94.0% of Orange II (0.25 mmol L(-1), pH = 3.5), showing higher catalytic activity than pure Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The high activity was attributed to the uniform Fe3O4 nanoparticles growing on the side walls of the CNTs and the synergetic effect between Fe3O4 and CNTs. The Fe3O4/CNTs maintained their activity at temperatures as high as 65°C. The Fe3O4/CNTs presented high reusability and stability even after eight uses. These data proved that the Fe3O4/CNTs-catalysed degradation is a promising technique for wastewater treatment. Fe3O4 nanoparticles were grown in situ on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by a solvothermal method. The Fe3O4/CNTs was applied as a mimetic enzyme to decompose Orange II. The Fe3O4/CNTs were collected after the reaction by applying an external magnetic field and can use repeatedly.

  8. Investigation of temperature dependent magnetic hyperthermia in Fe3O4 ferrofluids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nemala, Humeshkar Bhaskar

    Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) of Fe3O4 and gamma-Fe2O3 have been exploited in the biomedical fields for imaging, targeted drug delivery and magnetic hyperthermia. Magnetic hyperthermia (MHT), the production of heat using ferrofluids, colloidal suspensions of MNPs, in an external AC magnetic field (amplitude, 100-500 Oe and frequency 50 kHz -1MHz), has been explored by many researchers, both in vitro and in vivo, as an alternative viable option to treat cancer. The heat energy generated by Neel and Brownian relaxation processes of the internal magnetic spins could be used to elevate local tissue temperature to about 46 ˚C to arrest cancerous growth. MHT, due to its local nature of heating, when combined with other forms of treatment such as chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy, it could become an effective therapy for cancer treatment. The efficiency of heat production in MHT is quantified by specific absorption rate (SAR), defined as the power output per gram of the MNPs used. In this thesis, ferrofluids consisting of Fe3O4 MNPs of three different sizes (˜ 10 - 13 nm) coated with two different biocompatible surfactants, dextran and polyethylene glycol (PEG), have been investigated. The structural and magnetic characterization of the MNPs were done using XRD, TEM, and DC magnetization measurements. While XRD revealed the crystallite size, TEM provided the information about morphology and physical size distribution of the MNPs. Magnetic measurements of M-vs-H curves for ferrofluids provided information about the saturation magnetization (Ms) and magnetic core size distribution of MNPs. Using MHT measurements, the SAR has been studied as a function of temperature, taking into account the heat loss due to non-adiabatic nature of the experimental set-up. The observed SAR values have been interpreted using the theoretical framework of linear response theory (LRT). We found the SAR values depend on particle size distribution of MNPs, Ms (65-80 emu/g) and the magnetic

  9. New insight on optical and magnetic Fe3O4 nanoclusters promising for near infrared theranostic applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Chih-Chia; Chang, Po-Yang; Liu, Chien-Liang; Xu, Jia-Pu; Wu, Shu-Pao; Kuo, Wen-Chuan

    2015-07-01

    Extensive efforts have been devoted to the development of a new biophotonic system using near infrared (NIR) nano-agents for non-invasive cancer diagnosis and therapy. Here, we developed a simple synthesis reaction of ligands, hydrazine, and iron(ii) chloride to fabricate Fe3O4 cluster-structured nanoparticles (CNPs) with interesting NIR photonics and high magnetization (Ms: 98.3 emu g-1 and proton relaxivity r2: 234.6 mM-1 s-1). These Fe3O4 CNPs exhibited optical absorption and reflection over all wavelengths, showing a U-shape absorption band with a low absorbance at a range of 750-950 nm and a progressive evolution in the second near infrared region. Strengthening of the scattering effect by incubating Fe3O4 CNPs with HeLa cells was observed when optical contrast enhancement was performed in an optical coherence tomography (OCT) microscope system with a laser light source at 860 nm. Using a 1064 nm laser at a low power density (380 mW cm-2) to excite the Fe3O4 CNPs (375 ppm[Fe]) led to a rise in the water temperature from 25 °C to 58 °C within 10 min. Finally, we present the first example of magnetomotive OCT cellular imaging combined with enhanced photothermal therapy using Fe3O4 CNPs and applying a magnetic field, which is promising for preclinical and clinical trials in the future.Extensive efforts have been devoted to the development of a new biophotonic system using near infrared (NIR) nano-agents for non-invasive cancer diagnosis and therapy. Here, we developed a simple synthesis reaction of ligands, hydrazine, and iron(ii) chloride to fabricate Fe3O4 cluster-structured nanoparticles (CNPs) with interesting NIR photonics and high magnetization (Ms: 98.3 emu g-1 and proton relaxivity r2: 234.6 mM-1 s-1). These Fe3O4 CNPs exhibited optical absorption and reflection over all wavelengths, showing a U-shape absorption band with a low absorbance at a range of 750-950 nm and a progressive evolution in the second near infrared region. Strengthening of the

  10. Hydrothermal synthesis of 3D hollow porous Fe3O4 microspheres towards catalytic removal of organic pollutants

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Three-dimensional hollow porous superparamagnetic Fe3O4 microspheres were synthesized via a facile hydrothermal process. A series of characterizations done with X-ray diffraction, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy indicated that the production of Fe3O4 microspheres possessed good monodispersity, uniform size distribution, hollow and porous structural characters, and strong superparamagnetic behavior. The obtained Fe3O4 microspheres have a diameter of ca. 300 nm, which is composed of many interconnected nanoparticles with a size of ca. 20 nm. The saturation magnetization is 80.6 emu·g-1. The as-prepared products had promising applications as novel catalysts to remove organic pollutants (methylene blue) from wastewater in the presence of H2O2 and ultrasound irradiation. PMID:25520596

  11. Amino-Fe3O4 Microspheres Directed Synthesis of a Series of Polyaniline Hierarchical Nanostructures with Different Wettability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Yong; Chen, Yanhui; Hou, Chunping; Zhang, Hao; Qiao, Mingtao; Zhang, Hepeng; Zhang, Qiuyu

    2016-09-01

    We demonstrated polyaniline (PANI) dimensional transformation by adding trace amino-Fe3O4 microspheres to aniline polymerization. Different PANI nanostructures (i.e., flowers, tentacles, and nanofibers) could be produced by controlling the nucleation position and number on the surface of Fe3O4 microspheres, where hydrogen bonding were spontaneously formed between amino groups of Fe3O4 microspheres and aniline molecules. By additionally introducing an external magnetic field, PANI towers were obtained. These PANI nanostructures displayed distinctly different surface wettability in the range from hydrophobicity to hydrophilicity, which was ascribed to the synergistic effect of their dimension, hierarchy, and size. Therefore, the dimension and property of PANI nanostructures can be largely rationalized and predicted by adjusting the PANI nucleation and growth. Using PANI as a model system, the strategies presented here provide insight into the general scheme of dimension and structure control for other conducting polymers.

  12. Coupling Hollow Fe3O4-Fe Nanoparticles with Graphene Sheets for High-Performance Electromagnetic Wave Absorbing Material.

    PubMed

    Qu, Bin; Zhu, Chunling; Li, Chunyan; Zhang, Xitian; Chen, Yujin

    2016-02-17

    We developed a strategy for coupling hollow Fe3O4-Fe nanoparticles with graphene sheets for high-performance electromagnetic wave absorbing material. The hollow Fe3O4-Fe nanoparticles with average diameter and shell thickness of 20 and 8 nm, respectively, were uniformly anchored on the graphene sheets without obvious aggregation. The minimal reflection loss RL values of the composite could reach -30 dB at the absorber thickness ranging from 2.0 to 5.0 mm, greatly superior to the solid Fe3O4-Fe/G composite and most magnetic EM wave absorbing materials recently reported. Moreover, the addition amount of the composite into paraffin matrix was only 18 wt %.

  13. One-Pot Green Synthesis and Bioapplication of l-Arginine-Capped Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 Nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lai, Yongchao; Yin, Weiwei; Liu, Jinting; Xi, Rimo; Zhan, Jinhua

    2010-02-01

    Water-soluble l-arginine-capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized using a one-pot and green method. Nontoxic, renewable and inexpensive reagents including FeCl3, l-arginine, glycerol and water were chosen as raw materials. Fe3O4 nanoparticles show different dispersive states in acidic and alkaline solutions for the two distinct forms of surface binding l-arginine. Powder X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to identify the structure of Fe3O4 nanocrystals. The products behave like superparamagnetism at room temperature with saturation