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  1. Jacques Cousteau

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    Jacques Cousteau, the French undersea researcher, is shown addressing members of the press on his experiences during an Antarctic expedition with the oceanographic ship, Calypso. The Calypso used satellite communication and weather equipment provided by NASA to test the accuracy of satellite observations in relation to the ship's surface observations. Calypso used satellite observation information to navigate into safe waters after getting hit by an iceberg. Cousteau was born in Saint-Andre-de-Cubzac, France on June 11, 1910. He died on June 25, 1997, after contributing various books and hundreds of documents on the chartless realms that make up the planet's oceans. In 1956, with the help of Calypso and her crew, Cousteau received an Academy award for his undersea documentary, The Silent World, and cemented his position as one of the world's most famous marine biologists.

  2. A Discussion with Jacques Derrida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Derrida, Jacques

    1990-01-01

    Presents an edited transcript of a discussion held in April 1989 between Jacques Derrida and a group of students and professors concerning Derrida's "Afterword: Toward an Ethic of Discussion." Discusses Derrida's views on "deconstruction" as a term and a movement, the idea of arguments and persuasion, and specific power…

  3. The significance of Jacques Lacan.

    PubMed

    Leavy, S A

    1977-01-01

    The contemporary French psychoanalyst, Jacques Lacan, has offered a reinterpretation of basic Freudian concepts that is to a great extent based on the structural linguistics of F. de Saussure. Certain fundamental ideas of Lacan, such as his views that "the unconscious is structured like a language" and that "the unconscious is the discourse of the Other" are examined here, and an attempt is made to place them in perspective in psychoanalysis.

  4. Interview with Jacques Bwira Hope Primary School Kampala, Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvard Educational Review, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Jacques Bwira arrived in Uganda in 2000, having fled the violent conflict in his native country, the Democratic Republic of Congo. Though he had trained and worked as a teacher in Congo, he feared that speaking only French would prevent him from making a living in his new home. The police officer who interrogated Jacques on arrival in the capital…

  5. Did Jacques Lacan say anything new?

    PubMed

    Gazzola, Luiz

    2005-01-01

    The late French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan is an important theoretician, well known in Europe and South America, whose work is rapidly gaining recognition in other countries. However, Lacan is still poorly known in the United States except in academic departments of philosophy, linguistics, and literature. Psychoanalytic clinicians and even many training analysts often find it difficult to approach Lacan's complex theory, and his reputation in the U.S. has suffered from a number of misunderstandings. Nevertheless, judging by his worldwide influence, he has clearly made original contributions to psychoanalytic theory and technique. A biographical sketch of Lacan's life, paired with a brief overview of his writings and seminars, helps to indicate some of the reasons for both the difficulty and the misunderstandings. A flavor of Lacan's works can be achieved through a more detailed look at one of his major concepts: the use of logical time in analysis, which is the origin of the controversial (so-called) "short sessions."

  6. Controlling life: from Jacques Loeb to regenerative medicine.

    PubMed

    Maienschein, Jane

    2009-01-01

    In his 1987 book Controlling Life: Jacques Loeb and the Engineering Ideal in Biology, Philip Pauly presented his readers with the biologist Jacques Loeb and his role in developing an emphasis on control of life processes. Loeb's work on artificial parthenogenesis, for example, provided an example of bioengineering at work. This paper revisits Pauly's study of Loeb and explores the way current research in regenerative medicine reflects the same tradition. A history of regeneration research reveals patterns of thinking and research methods that both echo Loeb's ideology and point the way to modern studies. Pauly's work revealed far more than we readers realized at the time of its publication.

  7. [Jacques Monod: some unpublished pages of his life].

    PubMed

    Gilgenkrantz, Simone

    2015-01-01

    The friendship and affinity of thought between Albert Camus and Jacques Monod were little highlighted in France. A book published in the U.S. in 2013 over the period of the Second World War in France shows their importance. It seemed useful to collect the elements of correspondence and writings reflecting their common concerns,frequent meetings and friendship.

  8. Under the Name of Method: On Jacques Ranciere's Presumptive Tautology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bingham, Charles

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the philosophical method of Jacques Ranciere, with special attention to use of the "presumptive tautology". It distinguishes between the Enlightenment conception of method as universally applicable technique, and the philosophical conception of method as a certain style that has been invented by a certain person.…

  9. Jacques Ranciere, Education, and the Art of Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Means, Alex

    2011-01-01

    This article is part of a broader effort recently undertaken by educational theorists to verify the implications of Jacques Ranciere's work for the field of educational studies. Rather than attempting to fashion productive linkages between Ranciere and other critical pedagogues, to render a "new logic of emancipation," or explore the political…

  10. Inheriting Deconstruction: Rhetoric and Composition's Missed Encounter with Jacques Derrida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rollins, Brooke

    2006-01-01

    Against the backdrop of the passionate and conflicting assessments of Jacques Derrida that followed his 2004 death, this article reviews rhetoric and composition's scholarly appropriation of deconstruction during the 1980s and early 1990s. Contending that the field primarily used deconstruction in the service of refutation, this article positions…

  11. Education as the Possibility of Justice: Jacques Derrida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biesta, Gert J. J.

    This paper is an analysis of the ongoing work of philosopher Jacques Derrida and the immense body of work associated with him. Derrida's copious work is difficult to categorize since Derrida challenges the very concept that meaning can be grasped in its original moment or that meaning can be represented in the form of some proper, self-identical…

  12. Jacques Maritain and John Dewey on Education: A Reconsideration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutek, Gerald L.

    2005-01-01

    Jacques Maritain and John Dewey were two of the towering figures in philosophy of education. Maritain led an international revival of Aristotelian and Thomist philosophies known as Integral Humanism. Dewey, a founding figure of Pragmatism, exercised a significant influence on American education. Originating in very different philosophical…

  13. [Saint-Jacques de Besançon Hospital].

    PubMed

    Deridder, Annick

    2007-01-01

    The first plan (1670) was carried out by Archbishop Antoine Pierre 1st de Grammont under the Spanish administration, with the aid of the Community Saint Marthe whose Congregation was at the start of a new monastic order and whose last members left Besançon a few years ago. At the beginning King Louis XIVth supported the building of the new hospital (1865) which was intended to shelter numerous soldiers like some other hospitals of the time. The main walls were ended in 1701 and the garden in 1702. The first patients were received in 1691. The cross-shaped Italian building is centred on a chapel and looks like many other buildings such as "La Salpêtriere" in Paris. It superseded the ancient medieval building "Saint-Jacques des Arènes" vowed to the travellers and pilgrims, the site of which was on the main crossing roads but on too small a space. The main architect was Canon Jacques Magnin, the material was found in the country and the gorgeous railings were forged by a local craftsman Chappuis. A local practitioner Gabriel Gascon bequeathed his sumptuous apothecary's shop. Some extensions of the building occured during the following centuries: a wing towards the garden, the "Couvent du Refuge" and its brilliant baroque chapel allowed the whole building to have a praise worthy chapel. At last the "Hôtel de Mont martin" initially built for Cardinal Granvelle was joined to the main hospital and became the Maternity Hospital.

  14. Why did Jacques Monod make the choice of mechanistic determinism?

    PubMed

    Loison, Laurent

    2015-06-01

    The development of molecular biology placed in the foreground a mechanistic and deterministic conception of the functioning of macromolecules. In this article, I show that this conception was neither obvious, nor necessary. Taking Jacques Monod as a case study, I detail the way he gradually came loose from a statistical understanding of determinism to finally support a mechanistic understanding. The reasons of the choice made by Monod at the beginning of the 1950s can be understood only in the light of the general theoretical schema supported by the concept of mechanistic determinism. This schema articulates three fundamental notions for Monod, namely that of the rigidity of the sequence of the genetic program, that of the intrinsic stability of macromolecules (DNA and proteins), and that of the specificity of molecular interactions.

  15. Enzymatic cybernetics: an unpublished work by Jacques Monod.

    PubMed

    Gayon, Jean

    2015-06-01

    In 1959, Jacques Monod wrote a manuscript entitled Cybernétique enzymatique [Enzymatic cybernetics]. Never published, this unpublished manuscript presents a synthesis of how Monod interpreted enzymatic adaptation just before the publication of the famous papers of the 1960s on the operon. In addition, Monod offers an example of a philosophy of biology immersed in scientific investigation. Monod's philosophical thoughts are classified into two categories, methodological and ontological. On the methodological side, Monod explicitly hints at his preferences regarding the scientific method in general: hypothetical-deductive method, and use of theoretical models. He also makes heuristic proposals regarding molecular biology: the need to analyse the phenomena in question at the level of individual cells, and the dual aspect of all biological explanation, functional and evolutionary. Ontological issues deal with the notions of information and genetic determinism, "cellular memory", the irrelevance of the notion of "living matter", and the usefulness of a cybernetic comprehension of molecular biology.

  16. Jacques Guillemeau's 16th-century account of ophthalmoplegia.

    PubMed

    Domínguez-Rodríguez, M Victoria; González-Hernández, Ayoze N

    2013-07-01

    In 1585, the renowned French royal surgeon Jacques Guillemeau published his Traité des maladies de l'oeil. The book is divided into 9 unequal sections devoted to the description of eye anatomy and ophthalmological diseases including muscle, membrane, and humor disorders; optic nerve damage; and eyelid affections. Section 3, in particular, focuses on a form of ophthalmoplegia involving progressive paralysis of extraocular muscles. Here we describe and discuss Guillemeau's theoretical framework and practical approach to this ophthalmological disorder. To determine whether this physician was possibly influenced by the thought of antique and contemporary learned men, we reviewed some fundamental ideas on cranial nerves and their paralysis as presented by authors such as Herophilus of Chalcedon, Erasistratus of Ceos, Claudius Galen, Andreas Vesalius, and Leonhard Fuchs.

  17. Where in the World Is Jacques Derrida? A True Fiction with an Annotated Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeaman, Andrew R. J.

    1994-01-01

    Examines the philosophy of Jacques Derrida and its implications for educational technology. Highlights include deconstruction and poststructuralism; the authority of text; spoken language and representation of thought; and an annotated bibliography that includes 41 sources of information. (LRW)

  18. From Mephistopheles to Isaiah: Jacques Loeb, technical biology and war.

    PubMed

    Fangerau, Heiner

    2009-04-01

    In 1917, the German-American scientist Jacques Loeb (1859-1924) published a short essay, entitled 'Biology and War', that summarized his disagreement with World War I. He was deeply saddened by the break-up of the international scientific community as a consequence of the actions of bellicose politicians. These actions were in direct opposition to his efforts to promote social reform, mechanistic biology and scientific internationalism. The aim of this paper is to examine Loeb's activities aimed at these efforts before, during and after the war. It attempts to explain how Loeb's scientific work was formed, what was special about it and why it was both successful and attacked. Particular emphasis is placed on how Loeb reacted to the War and the subsequent forced disintegration of his international scientific network. Loeb's attempts to integrate his interpretation of biology into post-war Europe's approach to the life sciences is analysed in connection with his social commitment. It is argued that his emigration to the USA, the circumstances of World War I, the reaction of his German colleagues to it and the demolition of the international scientific community changed: (1) Loeb's feelings towards his old home; (2) the direction of his scientific endeavours; and (3) his engagement in science politics. His correspondence with eminent scientists from all over the world serves as a key to Loeb's efforts in the context of the social elements of scientific networks and perceptions.

  19. A scientist born in amiens : jacques rohault (1620-1672) (French Title: Un savant amiénois : jacques rohault (1620-1672))

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Boeuffle, A.

    2004-12-01

    Jacques Rohault is born in Amiens town at the beginning of the seventeen century. After the Middle Ages, science try to use nex methods and want to abandon Greek's dogmas. Rohault came to Paris to continue his studies and met J.B. Poquelin (Molière). He became a friend an a supporter of René Descartes. He was a very popular scientist. He practised many experiments in public and writed the book La physique to popularize science.

  20. The Meaning of the Global City: Jacques Ellul's Continued Relevance to 21st-Century Urbanism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toly, Noah

    2012-01-01

    Jacques Ellul's book, "The Meaning of the City," widely recognized as one of the most important twentieth century theological reflections on the city, was also one of his most controversial scholarly contributions. Many urbanists interpreted the book as demeaning the city and diminishing the importance of urban policy, planning, design,…

  1. Jacques Maritain's Philosophy of History and Philosophy of Education: A Relationship Secured Through Experience and Reason.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Souza, Mario

    1997-01-01

    Jacques Maritain's philosophy of history and philosophy of education both deal with the singularity of experience and the universality of reason. The philosophy of history is subordinated to moral philosophy; the philosophy of education is subordinated to metaphysics. Although Maritain's philosophies reflect a Christian world view, they can make a…

  2. Emancipating Subjects in Science Education: Taking a Lesson from Patti Lather and Jacques Ranciere

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bazzul, Jesse

    2013-01-01

    This paper extends the conversation started by Patti Lather in her forum response to "Neoliberal ideology, global capitalism, and science education: engaging the question of subjectivity", in terms of engaging the thought of Jacques Ranciere. Ranciere can offer (science) educators a more definitive example of (possible) emancipatory political…

  3. A Portrait of the Teacher as Friend and Artist: The Example of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEwan, Hunter

    2011-01-01

    The following is a reflection on the possibility of teaching by example, and especially as the idea of teaching by example is developed in the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. My thesis is that Rousseau created a literary version of himself in his writings as an embodiment of his philosophy, rather in the same way and with the same purpose that…

  4. Can You Hear Me Now? Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Listening Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laverty, Megan J.

    2011-01-01

    In this essay Megan J. Laverty argues that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's conception of humane communication and his proposal for teaching it have implications for our understanding of the role of listening in education. She develops this argument through a close reading of Rousseau's most substantial work on education, "Emile: Or, On Education". Laverty…

  5. Reconsidering Emancipatory Education: Staging a Conversation between Paulo Freire and Jacques Ranciere

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galloway, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    In this essay Sarah Galloway considers emancipation as a purpose for education through examining the theories of Paulo Freire and Jacques Ranciere. Both theorists are concerned with the prospect of distinguishing between education that might socialize people into what is taken to be an inherently oppressive society and education with emancipation…

  6. Jacques Monod (1910-1976) and his publications in the "Annales de l'Institut Pasteur".

    PubMed

    Legout, Sandra

    2010-03-01

    Between 1942 and 1956, Jacques Monod, Nobel Prize winner in Physiology/Medicine, contributed a number of papers to the Annales de l' Institut Pasteur, the ancestor of the journal "Research in Microbiology". Circumstances that led him to publish in the "Annales" are recalled here.

  7. Initiating "The Methodology of Jacques Ranciere": How Does It All Start?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercieca, Duncan P.

    2012-01-01

    Educationalists are currently engaging with Jacques Ranciere's thought on emancipation and equality. The focus of this paper is on what initiates the process that starts emancipation. With reference to teachers the question is: how do teachers become emancipated? This paper discusses how the teacher's life is made "sensible" and how sense is…

  8. Ensaio de Pedagogia Comparada: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) (Essay on Compared Pedagogy: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fontanella, Francisco Cock

    2000-01-01

    Finds that, although the thought of Jean Jacques Rousseau is frequently cited as an influence on Immanuel Kant, this has no basis regarding pedagogical influence. Compares the "Projecto" and "Emilio" of Rousseau with Kant's "Pedagogia." (BT)

  9. [Jean-Jacques Lefrère: A miscarried ambition for blood safety in francophone Africa].

    PubMed

    Tayou Tagny, C; Laperche, S; Murphy, E

    2016-02-01

    The announcement of the death of Professor Jean-Jacques Lefrère caused considerable emotion and surprise within the francophone Africa blood transfusion research network. The group was created in 2007 in Paris. Each member that works within this group wanted to pay their last respects through dedicated publication for a brilliant researcher and writer. The tribute describes the creation of the group, its goals, its operations, its achievements and the prospects of its activities while emphasizing the essential role that Professor Lefrère played within the group.

  10. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, and payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier,

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, and payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), insert a test container into the Bubble Drop Particle Unit (BDPU) in the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) Science Module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia. The fluid in the chamber is heated and the fluid processes are observed by use of three internal cameras mounted inside the BDPU. Investigations in this facility will help characterize interfacial processes involving either bubbles, drops, liquid columns or liquid layers.

  11. Science and the applications of science from Louis Pasteur to Jacques Monod.

    PubMed

    Schwartz, Maxime

    2015-06-01

    Jacques Monod's ideas on the applications of science came within the scope of a long tradition at the Institut Pasteur. Louis Pasteur, whose scientific career was characterized by a permanent come and go between science and its applications, long opposed the idea of getting any income from his research, until the financial needs of the Institut Pasteur made him change his mind. As for Jacques Monod, he remained a fervent supporter of basic science during his whole scientific career. However, once he became director of the Institut Pasteur, he realized that the applications of research had to be developed to support the institute from a financial point of view. Thus, he reorganized the valorization of research in the institute, through an incitation of scientists to develop projects with possible applications, and by creating a company, Institut Pasteur Production, for which he had a factory built, and which was in charge of producing and commercializing the vaccines and reagents stemming from the research at the Institut Pasteur.

  12. Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Adult Education and Revolution. Paradigma of Radical, Pedagogical Thought. 2nd Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dame, Frederick William

    This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations);…

  13. Moments with Jacques Rancière: Sketches from a Lived Pedagogical Experiment in an Elementary Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otoide, Lorraine; Alsop, Steve

    2015-01-01

    The work of Jacques Rancière has become rather popular of late, with a series of high-profile advocates. In this article, we reflect on an elementary classroom and an experiment with pedagogy inspired by Rancière's (1991) text, The "Ignorant Schoolmaster." The authors discuss the text, outline a 20-lesson response that emerged from the…

  14. How the Science versus Religion Debate Has Missed the Point of Genesis 1 and 2: Jacques Ellul (1912-1994)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanderburg, Willem H.

    2010-01-01

    From a social and historical perspective, the conflict between science and religion regarding the opening chapters of Genesis in the Jewish and Christian Bibles may have more to do with uncritically reading these texts through our "cultural glasses" than with what these texts actually say. Within the context of his work, Jacques Ellul read these…

  15. [Jean-Jacques Rosseau the vitalist. The moralization of medical hygiene between diet and ethical food].

    PubMed

    Menin, Marco

    2012-01-01

    The historiographical prejudice that sees in Jean-Jacques Rousseau an implacable opponent of scientific knowledge has long prevented an objective evaluation of the important influence that medical thought exerted over his philosophy. The aim of this paper is to show not only Rousseau's familiarity with the most important expressions of eighteenth-century medical literature, but also his willingness to incorporate some medical suggestions in his philosophical and literary production. In the first part of this article, I try to show how Rousseau's sensibility theory presupposes precise medical ideals, related to Montpellier School of vitalism. In the second part, I stress how Rousseau's philosophy of alimentation (which has clear anthropological and political implications) can be regarded as a genuine application of an ambition typical of vitalism: to use medical hygiene, also and above all, for moral purpose.

  16. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768).

    PubMed

    Cook, A

    2003-04-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau sold his botanical texts to Daniel Malthus (father of Thomas Malthus) about 1775. Two of these are now in the Old Library, Jesus College, Cambridge, but all the rest have long been thought lost. However, a copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768) in the Lindley Library, Royal Horticultural Society, London, bears Rousseau's name and seems to have been annotated by him. The volume contains the bookplate of Jane Dalton, a cousin to whom Malthus willed "all[his] Botanical Books in which the name of Rousseau is written". Haller was well-known to Rousseau, who while in exile in the Swiss Jura (1763-1765), studied under one of Haller's collaborators, Abraham Gagnebin. Rousseau cited Haller's entry 762 when describing a species of Seseli to the Duchess of Portland.

  17. Louis Jacques Thenard's chemistry courses at the College de France, 1804-1835.

    PubMed

    García Belmar, Antonio; Bertomeu-Sánchez, José Ramón

    2010-03-01

    This article is concerned with the public courses and lecture demonstrations given by Louis Jacques Thenard at the College de France during the first decades of the nineteenth century. The expectations and needs of Thenard's auditors will be studied in order to understand the role played by chemistry courses at the College in the context of the growing and changing Parisian teaching market during the first third of the nineteenth century. The preparation and performance of lecture demonstrations was the main driving force of several major changes in the premises and the personnel associated with the chair of chemistry. Our analysis of the parallel process of expansion and functional differentiation of spaces and personnel will show the multiple interactions taking place between the research and teaching activities developed by Thenard and his team of assistants and students.

  18. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, measures the distance between Jean-Jacques Faviers head

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, measures the distance between Jean-Jacques Faviers head and the luminous torque, used for the Canal and Otolith Interaction Study (COIS) on the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) mission. Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), is one of two international payload specialists on the almost-17-day flight. This view shows the Voluntary Head Movement (VHM) segment of the experiment. The VHM is meant to characterize how the coordination of head of head and eye movement changes as a result of spaceflight. Since most vestibular functions are influenced by gravity, the COIS experiment is meant to measure response differences in microgravity.

  19. Social medicine in the interwar years. The case of Jacques Parisot (1882-1967).

    PubMed

    Murard, Lion

    2008-01-01

    Hygiene, asserted the "Pasteurians", is "the very base of politics". Professor of preventive medicine at Nancy medical school, the phtisiologist Jacques Parisot well epitomized the style of a discipline that had soon shown interest for the avenues of action. Just as many other practical minds in Europe and elsewhere, he lamented the discrepancies between medical innovation and organizational change. However, as a French Professor medicine he had more latitude than his foreign colleagues to try bringing together the laboratory, medical education and the clinics. Chair of the Health Committee of the League of Nations from 1937 to the war, Parisot is an interesting case of these "Statesmen in disguise": to him social medicine, a science for action, was nothing but a vehicle to improve the Welfare of the community.

  20. Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a sample for the Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) while wearing instruments that measure upper body movement. The Torso Rotation Experiment (TRE) complements other vestibular studies that measure differences in the way human beings react physically to their surroundings in microgravity. This is a typical Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) mission scene, with several experiments being performed. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, assists Favier in the AGHF preparations. Astronaut Richard M. Linnehan (bottom right), mission specialist, tests his muscle response with the Handgrip Dynamometer. Astronaut Thomas T. (Tom) Henricks (far background), mission commander, offers assistance.

  1. Jacques Loeb, B. F. Skinner, and the legacy of prediction and control.

    PubMed

    Hackenberg, T D

    1995-01-01

    The biologist Jacques Loeb is an important figure in the history of behavior analysis. Between 1890 and 1915, Loeb championed an approach to experimental biology that would later exert substantial influence on the work of B. F. Skinner and behavior analysis. This paper examines some of these sources of influence, with a particular emphasis on Loeb's firm commitment to prediction and control as fundamental goals of an experimental life science, and how these goals were extended and broadened by Skinner. Both Loeb and Skinner adopted a pragmatic approach to science that put practical control of their subject matter above formal theory testing, both based their research programs on analyses of reproducible units involving the intact organism, and both strongly endorsed technological applications of basic laboratory science. For Loeb, but especially for Skinner, control came to mean something more than mere experimental or technological control for its own sake; it became synonomous with scientific understanding. This view follows from (a) the successful working model of science Loeb and Skinner inherited from Ernst Mach, in which science is viewed as human social activity, and effective practical action is taken as the basis of scientific knowledge, and (b) Skinner's analysis of scientific activity, situated in the world of direct experience and related to practices arranged by scientific verbal communities. From this perspective, prediction and control are human acts that arise from and are maintained by social circumstances in which such acts meet with effective consequences.

  2. Tribute to Dr Jacques Rogge: muscle activity and fatigue during hiking in Olympic dinghy sailing.

    PubMed

    Bourgois, Jan G; Dumortier, Jasmien; Callewaert, Margot; Celie, Bert; Capelli, Carlo; Sjøgaard, Gisela; De Clercq, Dirk; Boone, Jan

    2017-03-19

    'A tribute to Dr J. Rogge' aims to systematically review muscle activity and muscle fatigue during sustained submaximal quasi-isometric knee extension exercise (hiking) related to Olympic dinghy sailing as a tribute to Dr Rogge's merits in the world of sports. Dr Jacques Rogge is not only the former President of the International Olympic Committee, he was also an orthopaedic surgeon and a keen sailor, competing at three Olympic Games. In 1972, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master in Sports Medicine, he was the first who studied a sailors' muscle activity by means of invasive needle electromyography (EMG) during a specific sailing technique (hiking) on a self-constructed sailing ergometer. Hiking is a bilateral and multi-joint submaximal quasi-isometric movement which dinghy sailors use to optimize boat speed and to prevent the boat from capsizing. Large stresses are generated in the anterior muscles that cross the knee and hip joint, mainly employing the quadriceps at an intensity of 30-40% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), sometimes exceeding 100% MVC. Better sailing level is partially determined by a lower rate of neuromuscular fatigue during hiking and for ≈60% predicted by a higher maximal isometric quadriceps strength. Although useful in exercise testing, prediction of hiking endurance capacity based on the changes in surface EMG in thigh and trunk muscles during a hiking maintenance task is not reliable. This could probably be explained by the varying exercise intensity and joint angles, and the great number of muscles and joints involved in hiking.

  3. Emancipating subjects in science education: taking a lesson from Patti Lather and Jacques Rancière

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bazzul, Jesse

    2013-03-01

    This paper extends the conversation started by Patti Lather in her forum response to "Neoliberal ideology, global capitalism, and science education: engaging the question of subjectivity", in terms of engaging the thought of Jacques Rancière. Rancière can offer (science) educators a more definitive example of (possible) emancipatory political subjectivities. His notion of radical equality can also aid in developing new pedagogical spaces in science education. This latter point is taken up in the concluding sections of this short essay.

  4. WE-A-207-00: In Memoriam of Jacques Ovadia - Reinvigorating Scientific Excellence: Electron Beam Therapy - Past, Present and Future

    SciTech Connect

    2015-06-15

    The Medical Physics community lost one of its early pioneers in radiation oncology physics, Jacques Ovadia, who passed away in April of 2014 at the age of 90. Jacques received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics from the University of Illinois at Urbana in 1951. Subsequently, under the guidance of John Laughlin, he was introduced to the field of Medical Physics. When John moved to Memorial Sloan Kettering, Jacques followed him. There he gained clinical experience and expertise in the then cutting-edge field of high energy electron beam therapy. In 1956, Jacques joined Dr. Erich Uhlmann at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago where one of the country’s first high energy medical linear accelerators had just been installed. During his 35 year tenure, Dr. Ovadia built a strong Medical Physics department that merged in 1984 with that of the University of Chicago. Jacques pioneered the use of high energy electron beams to treat deep seated tumors, multiple-field chest wall irradiation with variable electron energies, and even anticipated the current interest in high energy electron beam grid-therapy. At an early stage, he introduced a simulator, computerized treatment planning and in-house developed record and verify software. He retired in 1990 as Professor emeritus in Radiation and Cellular Biology at the University of Chicago. Dr. Ovadia was an early and strong supporter of AAPM. He was present at the Chicago ROMPS meeting where the decision was made to form an independent professional society for medical physics. He served as AAPM president in 1976. Jacques Ovadia is survived by his wife of 58 years, Florence, their daughter Corinne Graefe and son Marc Ovadia, MD, as well as four grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Jacques’ dynamic and ever enthusiastic personality inspired all who collaborated with him. He will be greatly missed.

  5. Stratospheric balloon observations of comets C/2013 A1 (Siding Spring), C/2014 E2 (Jacques), and Ceres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Andrew F.; Hibbitts, C. A.; Espiritu, R.; McMichael, R.; Fletcher, Z.; Bernasconi, P.; Adams, J. D.; Lisse, C. M.; Sitko, M. L.; Fernandes, R.; Young, E. F.; Kremic, T.

    2017-01-01

    The Balloon Observation Platform for Planetary Science (BOPPS) was launched from Fort Sumner, New Mexico on September 26, 2014 and observed Oort Cloud comets from a stratospheric balloon observatory, using a 0.8 meter aperture telescope, a pointing system that achieved < 1 arc second pointing stability, and an imaging instrument suite covering the near-ultraviolet to mid-infrared. BOPPS observed two Oort Cloud comets, C/2013 A1 (Siding Spring) and C/2014 E2 (Jacques), at the 2.7 μm wavelength of water emission. BOPPS also observed Ceres at 2.7 μm wavelength to characterize the nature of hydrated materials on Ceres. Absolute flux calibrations were made using observations of A0V stars at nearly the same elevations as each target. The Comet Siding Spring brightness in R-band was magnitude R = 10.8 in a photometric aperture of 17.4″. The inferred H2O production rate from Comet Siding Spring was 6 × 1027 s-1, assuming optically thin emissions, which may be a lower limit if optical depth effects are important. A superheat dust population was discovered at Comet Jacques, producing a bright infrared continuum without evidence for line emission. Observations of Ceres from BOPPS and from IRTF, obtained the same night, did not find evidence for a strong water vapor emission near 2.7 μm and led to an approximate upper limit < 7 × 1027 s-1 for water emission from Ceres.

  6. Suicides associated with the Jacques Cartier Bridge, Montreal, Quebec 1988-1993: descriptive analysis and intervention proposal.

    PubMed

    Prévost, C; Julien, M; Brown, B P

    1996-01-01

    Falls from heights represent an uncommon means of suicide. Regional variations are attributable to the presence of particular sites which attract suicidal individuals. The Jacques Cartier Bridge in Montreal is one such site, though less well known than North American sites such as the Golden Gate Bridge or Niagara Falls. According to Coroner's records, 54 suicides were associated with the bridge for the period 1988 to 1993. All but one of the suicides were the result of jumps from the bridge. The median age of victims was 30 years, and 46 of the victims were male. Bridge-specific verbalization of suicidal intent and prior history of medically diagnosed psychiatric disorders are frequently noted. Based on a review of the effectiveness of preventive measures, we propose limiting access to jumping by means of a fence along the bridge railing.

  7. Statistical properties of levels and lines in complex spectra: A tribute to Jacques Bauche and Claire Bauche-Arnoult

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pain, J.-C.; Gilleron, F.

    2017-03-01

    We review recent developments of the statistical properties of complex atomic spectra, based on the pioneering work of Claire Bauche-Arnoult and Jacques Bauche. We discuss several improvements of the statistical methods (UTA, SOSA) for the modeling of the lines in a transition array: impact of high-order moments, choice of the distribution (Generalized Gaussian, Normal Inverse Gaussian) and corrections at low temperatures. The second part of the paper concerns general properties of transition arrays, such as propensity rule and generalized J-file sum rule (for E1 or E2 lines), emphasizing the particular role of the G1 exchange Slater integral. The statistical modeling introduced by J. Bauche and C. Bauche-Arnoult for the distribution of the M values (projection of total angular momentum J) in an electron configuration, written P(M), was extended in order to account for configurations with a high-ℓ spectator and a new analytical formula for the evaluation of the number of E1 lines with a wider range of applicability was derived.

  8. Nurses as 'guests'--a study of a concept in light of Jacques Derrida's philosophy of hospitality.

    PubMed

    Oresland, Stina; Lutzén, Kim; Norberg, Astrid; Rasmussen, Birgit H; Määttä, Sylvia

    2013-04-01

    As revealed in previous empirical research, nurses describe their position in home-based nursing care (HBNC) as that of 'guests' in the patient's home. Such a description is problematic as 'guests' might not be considered to belong to the realm of professionalism. As Jacques Derrida's work on hospitality has received wide publicity, sparking theoretical and philosophical discussion about host and guest, the aim of this study was to explore how the concept 'guests' can be understood in the light of Derrida's philosophy of hospitality. The study revealed that (a) guest must be considered a binary concept; and (b) hospitality should be regarded as an exchange of giving and receiving between a host and a guest. The present study demonstrated that it is important to reflect on the meaning of the concepts used by nurses in HBNC. Further theoretical and empirical exploration of the concept 'hospitality' would be fruitful, i.e. what is patients' understanding of 'hospitality' and 'hostility' related to nurses' descriptions of themselves as 'guests' in the patient's home.

  9. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on adult education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dame, Frederick William

    1996-01-01

    Although Rousseau describes in Émile only his scheme for childhood education, he presents us in this work with some direct statements which can be applied to explain more fully the nature of adult education. The author surveys Rousseau's ideas on the role of the general will in adult educational philosophy, subject matter, methodology and negative education, as well as the relationships between the family, student, teacher, community and the state. He concludes that the modern Rousseau would not limit education to males and would recognize that the four Rousseauian periods of educational development — infancy, childhood, youngster, adolescence — is followed by a fifth: adulthood. Adult education is the logical continuation of the four previous phases. Throughout each phase education must permit intellectual and moral growth and always allow for creativity and diversity. Only then can adults become positive contributors to their society.

  10. Alain Badiou, Jacques Lacan and the Ethics of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taubman, Peter M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper argues that Badiou's and Lacan's theorizations of ethics offer a way to formulate an ethics of teaching and to explore what such an ethics might look like when teachers encounter events that disrupt their quotidian lives. Relying on the work of Badiou and Lacan, the paper critiques mainstream approaches to the ethics of teaching and…

  11. [Jacques Lacan: The turn of the Obligado or the return of the unavoidable].

    PubMed

    Harari, R

    1976-09-01

    "La Vuelta de Obligado" (Obligado bend of Paraná river) is the name of a battle fought by local rebels against the colonial invading navy. The victory was due to a witty device: the patriots stretched a cable across the river and succeded in stopping the foreign float. The event is the paradigm of the everlasting fight of under-developped countries against powerful colonial metropolis. The author examines the conditions of local fight against colonizing cultural and scientific ideas, being his main content that scientific advancement needs not be an instrument of scientific imperialism. He analyzes in detail several factors currently impeding the use of scientific discoveries and improvements, focusing into concrete "obstacles" (in Bachelard's meaning) to betterment of Psychoanalytic knowledge. The obstacles are: 1. All-pervading transference. The rule adapted from Melanie Klein theories emphasizing hic et nunc validity of materials from the patient, neglects the fact that the analyst is also moved by desire, and that the patient's productions are not fragments of behavior able to be reduced to the present situation, but vectorial motions, always open and always re-opening into something defined since the beginning as forever lost. 2. Increasing activity for the analyst. The current hypothesis concerning the possibility of analyzing everything, encouraging the analyst's hyperactivity, does not allow for theoretical evaluation of the means and ways of manifestation of unconscious drives through gaps in the discourse. 3. Pan-counter-transference. The conception of counter-transference as an instrument is against Freud's contention, defining it as a reciprocal transference that must be fought in the same way as the patient's. 4. Belittling of theory. The thesis against theory, on the grounds that Psychoanalysis deals with affects and the affective life of patients, forgets that there is always some system for understanding the world and, for want of a theory, an ideological system is always ready to provide the grid underlying all concepts used. 5. Not-analyzing. The automatic "translation", lacking the search for new links to replace the ones that analysis dismantles, leads to denaturalizing the practice and keeping intact the patient's imaginary consistent universe. 6. Intergrationism. Other theories cannot be integrated to Psychoanalysis as they have different objects and different frameworks. Conversely, Psychoanalitic concepts cannot be formulated in other theories conceptual corpus for the same reason. The exception are the sciences having similar fields and methods of analysis, such as Semiotics or Linguistics. In their case the articulation of concepts becomes possible, but still requires the previous command of Psychoanalytic Theory in its full depth. 7. Communicationalism. The most common of all integrations with other sciences is the one linking Psychoanalysis with Communications Theory...

  12. Human Unity and the Catholic University: Some Notes from the Philosophy of Jacques Maritain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Souza, Mario O.

    2008-01-01

    While focusing on the nature and mission of Catholic higher education, "Ex Corde Ecclesiae: The Apostolic Constitution on Catholic Universities and The Presence of the Church in the University and University Culture" are also interested in the relationship between the mission of the Catholic university and the nature of the student as a…

  13. Jacques Maritain and Some Christian Suggestions for the Education of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Wade A.

    2005-01-01

    "What indeed has Athens to do with Jerusalem? What concord is there between the Academy and the Church?" According to third-century Christian apologist Tertullian, not much. From precisely the opposite perspective, the twentieth-century "secular humanist" John Dewey would have echoed Tertullian, although he was as greatly indebted to Christian…

  14. Jean-Jacques Rousseau among the Footnotes: Mapping Interdisciplinary Research in Social Science Citation Index.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herubel, Jean-Pierre V. M.; Buchanan, Anne L.

    1994-01-01

    Examination of citations indexed in Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) reveals salient patterns which can be helpful in determining interdisciplinarity and/or disciplinarity. Collection development efforts can be enhanced by examination of citation patterns of published research related to a classical social science author such as Jean-Jacques…

  15. Education in the Realm of the Senses: Understanding Paulo Freire's Aesthetic Unconscious through Jacques Ranciere

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tyson Edward

    2009-01-01

    In this article I re-examine the role that aesthetics play in Paulo Freire's pedagogy of the oppressed. As opposed to the vast majority of scholarship in this area, I suggest that aesthetics play a more centralised role in pedagogy above and beyond arts-based curricula. To help clarify Freire's position, I will argue that underlying the linguistic…

  16. Jacques Derrida's Religion With/out Religion and the Im/possibility of Religious Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miedema, Siebren; Biesta, Gert J. J.

    2004-01-01

    This article aims at rethinking religious education from an engagement with Derrida's forms of reasoning and analyzing. In the first section Gert Biesta presents deconstruction and shows how we can find deconstruction in education. In the second section Siebren Miedema explores the religious horizon of deconstruction. In the final section the…

  17. Paulo Freire's Last Laugh: Rethinking Critical Pedagogy's Funny Bone through Jacques Ranciere

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tyson Edward

    2010-01-01

    In several enigmatic passages, Paulo Freire describes the pedagogy of the oppressed as a "pedagogy of laughter". The inclusion of laughter alongside problem-posing dialogue might strike some as ambiguous, considering that the global exploitation of the poor is no laughing matter. And yet, laughter seems to be an important aspect of the pedagogy of…

  18. Jean-Jacques Is Alive and Well: Rousseau and Contemporary Sociobiology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, Roger D.

    1978-01-01

    A description of the author's personal fascination with and study of Rousseau's life. Discusses Rousseau's many questions that are relevant to evolutionary biology, sociobiology, anthropology, and ethology. Questions concern the nature of human nature, the origin of human society, nurture-nature influences on humans, and the nature of male-female…

  19. Using Chinese Knowledge in Internationalising Research Education: Jacques Ranciere, an Ignorant Supervisor and Doctoral Students from China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Michael

    2009-01-01

    The problematic of the research reported in this paper, namely the place of Chinese knowledge in educational research in Australia provides an opportunity to use Rancire's work to rethink the place of ignorance in the supervisory pedagogies used in internationalising education. Because its scope and character is quite variable, consideration is…

  20. Address by Jacques Delors, Chairman of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century, General Conference of UNESCO (27th, Paris, France, November 2, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delors, Jacques

    In this speech to the members of the general conference of UNESCO, the chairman of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century describes the progress of the Commission's work. The chairman discusses education and the challenges of the world as it enters the 21st century. Changes mentioned include the rapid pace of…

  1. Address Given by Jacques Delors, Chairman of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century, to the 140th Session of the Executive Board.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delors, Jacques

    In this speech, the chairman of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century describes education as a pathway into the 21st Century. He suggests that if education is to become central in contributing to human progress, policymakers must learn from the experiences of the past 20 years, take the variety of situations into…

  2. Report by Jacques Delors, Chairman of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century, First Session (Paris, France, March 2-4, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delors, Jacques

    In this paper the chairman of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century reviewed commission discussions on education in the 21st century. The growing interdependence of the modern world is discussed including the results of the U.S. economic ideology of the Ronald Reagan era on the world economy, and the collapse of…

  3. Pierre Bourdieu and Jacques Rancière on art/aesthetics and politics: the origins of disagreement, 1963-1985.

    PubMed

    Robbins, Derek

    2015-12-01

    Rancière published two substantial criticisms of the work of Bourdieu in the early 1980s. It is possible that these were provoked by his sense that he needed to oppose what he considered to be the sociological reduction of aesthetic taste offered by Bourdieu in Distinction (Bourdieu 1986 [1979]) at precisely the moment when he (Rancière) was beginning to articulate his commitment to the potential of aesthetic expression as a mode of political resistance. Except in so far as it draws upon some of the retrospective reflections offered by Rancière in his introductions to the re-issues of his early texts, this paper examines the parallel development of the thinking of the two men up to the mid-1980s--but not beyond. The discussion is situated socio-historically and, by definition, does not seek to offer comparatively any transhistorical assessment of the values of the positions adopted by the two men. I argue that Rancière misrepresented the character of Bourdieu's sociological work by failing to recognize the underlying phenomenological orientation of his thinking. Bourdieu suppressed this orientation in the 1960s but, after the May events of 1968, it enabled him to expose the extent to which the practices of both science and art operate within constructed 'fields' in strategic distinction from popular primary experience. The challenge is to introduce an ongoing dialogue between primary and constructed cultures rather than to suppose that either social science or art possesses intrinsic autonomy.

  4. The need for true controversies in psychoanalysis: the debates on Melanie Klein and Jacques Lacan in the Rio de la Plata.

    PubMed

    Bernardi, Ricardo

    2002-08-01

    Controversies are part of the process of scientific knowing. In psychoanalysis, the diversity of theoretical, technical and epistemological positions makes the debate particularly necessary and by the same token difficult. In this paper, the author examines the function of controversies and the obstacles to their development, taking as examples the debates held in the Río de la Plata (Buenos Aires and Montevideo) during the nineteen seventies, when the dominant Kleinian ideas came into contact with Lacanian thought. The author examines different examples of argumentative discourses, using concepts taken from the theory of argumentation. The major difficulties encountered did not hinge on characteristics pertaining to psychoanalytic theories (i.e. the lack of commensurability between them), but on the defensive strategies aimed at keeping each theory's premises safe from the opposing party's arguments. A true debate implies the construction of a shared argumentative field that makes it possible to lay out the different positions and see some interaction between them and is guided by the search for the best argument. When this occurs, controversies promote the discipline's development, even when they fail to reach any consensus.

  5. Jacques Lacan's theory of the subject as real, symbolic and imaginary: how can Lacanian theory be of help to mental health nursing practice?

    PubMed

    McSherry, A

    2013-11-01

    This paper presents an outline of Lacan's theory of the human subject, in particular focusing on Lacan's concepts of the real, symbolic and imaginary registers, and how an understanding of these can inform change and practice in mental health nursing. Mental health nursing is under pressure to define itself as a practice distinct from other professions in the field, and to respond in new ways to promoting mental health to the individual and a wider public. Lacan's theory of the subject is of particular relevance to mental health nurses working with mental distress but has received little attention in mental health nursing literature. Six implications for practice are outlined in terms of: against normalization, the importance of the function of the symptom, what cannot be known, meaning as ever-changing, against empathy and against holistic ideas of the self.

  6. West European and East Asian Perspectives on Defense, Deterrence and Strategy. Volume 2. Western European Perspectives on Defense, Deterrence and Strategy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-16

    Europe on defense and national security issues. Even among avowed Gaullists such as the wright-wing’ Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac, there is growing...of such systems.(82 , 83) Embracing the School III concept that in order to deter, a weapon’s potential use must be credible, Jacques Cressard, former...forces are countercity, single warhead weapons. In the words of Jacques Huntzinger, foreign affairs spokesman for the French Socialist Party, "it is

  7. Area Handbook Series: Uruguay, A Country Study.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-01

    strongly influenced by French Catholic philosophers-first Jacques Maritain and later Father Lebret. During the 1960s, the PDC moved further and fur...Barrios Pintos , Anibfal. Historia det la ganaderia en el Uruguay, 1574-1971. Montevideo: Biblioteca Nacional, 1978. Blanco Acevedo, Pablo. Elfederalismo de...Interdisciplinario de Estudios del Desarrollo, Uruguay, 1982. May, Jacques Meyer, and Donna L. McLellan. "Uruguay." Pages 359-419 in Jacques Meyer May

  8. Globalized Security Reshaping America’s Defense Trade Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    cooperation, while an important side effect, is a secondary goal,11 stated Jacques Gansler, Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology Three...environment,” stated Jacques Gansler.76 Yet, the Fortress walls appear to be growing. The US has penetrated much of the European arms markets to include... Jacques S. Ganlser, “Arming the Future: A Defense Industry for the 21st Century, ” address, Aerospace Finance Conference, New York, N.Y., Aviation

  9. Infrared-Laser Excitation of the Internal Vibrational Mode of a Diatomic Molecule Adsorbed on a Metal Surface.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-11-01

    Excitation of the Internal Vibrational Mode of a Diatomic Molecule Adsorbed on a Metal Surface m by ’ Andre Peremans, Jacques Darville , Jean-Marie...Andre Peremans, Jacques Darville , Jean-Marie Gilles and Thomas F. George 13. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED 14. DATE OF REPORT (Yr. Mo.. Dayl As...ON A METAL SURFACE h Andr& Peremans , Jacques Darville and Jean-Marie Gilles _ _ _ _ Laboratoire de Spectroscopie Mol6culaire de Surface Accesnion

  10. Proceedings of the Workshop on Software Engineering Foundations for End-User Programming (SEEUP 2009)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-01

    Christopher Bogart, Jill Cao, Valentina Grigoreanu, Todd Kulesza, Jo- seph Lawrance (Oregon State University, USA) End-user programmers may not be aware of...International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, 2009, pp. 187-196. [11] J. Lawrance , R. Bellamy, M. Burnett, and K. Rector, “Using Information...Interfaces, 2008, pp. 1323-1332. [12] J. Lawrance , R. Bellamy, M. Burnett, and K. Rector, “Can Information Foraging Pick the Fix? A Field Study

  11. Italy in the Eu: Love Affair or Disillusionment? Italian Discontent with the European Integration Past and Present

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    LOVE AFFAIR OR DISILLUSIONMENT? ITALIAN DISCONTENT WITH THE EUROPEAN INTEGRATION, PAST AND PRESENT by Valentina Palazzetti June 2014...DATE June 2014 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE ITALY IN THE EU: LOVE AFFAIR OR DISILLUSIONMENT? ITALIAN...PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK iii Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited ITALY IN THE EU: LOVE AFFAIR OR DISILLUSIONMENT

  12. A salt bath will keep you going? Euryhalinity tests and genetic structure of caridean shrimps from Iberian rivers.

    PubMed

    González-Ortegón, Enrique; Palero, Ferran; Lejeusne, Christophe; Drake, Pilar; Cuesta, Jose A

    2016-01-01

    We assessed the role of euryhalinity and life-history traits on the population genetic structure of the four main caridean shrimp species from the Iberian Peninsula (Atyaephyra desmarestii, Dugastella valentina, Palaemon varians and Palaemon zariquieyi) able to complete their life cycle in freshwater/oligohaline habitats. Seawater exposure experiments indicated that A. desmarestii, D. valentina and P. zariquieyi are more sensitive to high salinity waters than P. varians and confirm the relationship between osmolality regulation and spatial distribution of species. The limited or no survival in seawater could explain the restricted distributions observed in D. valentina and P. zariquieyi, whereas the current A. desmarestii distribution could be due to either past river dynamics and/or human-mediated water transfers. Conversely, the high tolerance of P. varians to a large salinity range (euryhalinity) could explain its capacity to colonize geographically distant estuaries. In agreement with osmoregulation results, the phylogeography patterns of the cytochrome oxidase 1 (Cox 1) gene fragment revealed significant genetic differentiation among river systems whatever the species considered. Atyidae species presented higher nucleotide diversity levels than Palaemonidae species, while isolation-by-distance patterns were only found for the latter. Our results have important implications for the management and conservation of freshwater species, since the inter-catchment connectivity may affect the speciation processes.

  13. Dewey, Derrida, and "The Double Bind"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrison, Jim

    2003-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about the texts of Jacques Derrida and Dewey. The texts of Jacques Derrida seem inextricably connected to the word deconstruction, yet, Derrida insists, "The word "deconstruction," like all other words, acquires its value only from its inscription in a chain of possible substitutions." The author argues that…

  14. Reorienting the GWOT to Win the Moral Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-25

    50 Giovanna Borradori, Philosophy In A Time of Terror: Dialogues with Juergen Habermas and Jacques Derrida (Chicago: The University of...60 BIBLIOGRAPHY Borradori, Giovanna. Philosophy In A Time of Terror: Dialogues with Juergen Habermas and Jacques Derrida . Chicago: The University of

  15. Moliere: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guicharnaud, Jacques, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Jacques Guicharnaud, Rene Bray, Gustave Lanson, Alfred Simon, Will G. Moore, Ramon Fernandez, Paul Benichou, Lionel Gossman, Andre Villiers, James Doolittle, H. Gaston Hall, Robert J. Nelson, Jacques Copeau, Charles…

  16. The Causes and Prospect of the Southern Philippines Secessionist Movement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-12-01

    percent. 37 Jacques Bertrand, “Peace and Conflict in the Southern Philippines: Why the 1996 Peace...Muslim Affairs, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1987, 348. 301 Jacques Bertrand, “Peace add Conflict in the Southern Philippines,” Pacific Affairs, University of...

  17. Languages in a Globalising World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maurais, Jacques, Ed.; Morris, Michael A., Ed.

    This book offers 21 papers in three parts. After (1) "Introduction" (Jacques Maurais and Michael A. Morris), Part 1, "Global Communication Challenges," includes (2) "Towards a New Global Linguistic Order?" (Jacques Maurais); (3) "The Geostrategies of Interlingualism" (Mark Fettes); (4) "Language Policy…

  18. Topical Meeting on Laser Techniques for Extreme Ultraviolet Spectroscopy, 8-10 March 1982, Boulder, Colorado.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    Excited States In Molecules, Jacques Lukasik, Stephen C. Wallace* and William R. Greent, Laboratoire d’Optique Quantique du Centre Na- tional de /a...MOLECULES Jacques LUKASIK, Stephen C. WALLACE(a) and William R. GREEN(b) Laboratoire d’Optique Quantique du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

  19. Literary Theory and the Notion of Difficulty. Report Series 4.7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Touponce, William

    The works of French literary theorists Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida, and Roland Barthes reflect a view of the text as the primary object of investigation for any discipline in the human sciences. Each of the three has been involved with pedagogical reforms within French cultural institutions: Derrida with the teaching of philosophy, Lacan with…

  20. European Science Notes Information Bulletin Reports on Current European/ Middle Eastern Science

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-02-01

    96-00 60. Soci~td Chimique de France (same address as CTME [No. 531) 250, rue St. Jacques Paris 5e 52. Centre M6canique Chimie Mat6riaux (CMCM...Saint- Jacques F33165 St. Mdard-en-Jalles Paris (5e) Telephone: 56-34-84-90 France M. Heraud, M. Lamicq Telephone: 326-93-13 (see Ceramic-Ceramic...Villeurbanne France France Professor Jacques Lucas Scientist N. Moncroffc Studies: fluoride glasses Hig’i-energy isotope separator/accelerator 86

  1. Plato's Pharmacy and Derrida's Drugstore.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mortensen, Chris

    2000-01-01

    In a long essay titled "Plato's Pharmacy, Jacques Derrida attacked Western metaphysics. This article undertakes to defend Western philosophy from Derrida's arguments. It is shown that Derrida's arguments are very unsatisfactory. (Author/VWL)

  2. 75 FR 36774 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-28

    ..., Laurent G. Jacques, Lucio Leal, Earl R. Mark, Douglas A. Mendoza, Michael R. Moore, Richard W. Neyens, John P. Rodrigues and Charles W. Towner, Jr. In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315,...

  3. 77 FR 17115 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ... renewable two-year period. They are: John R. Alger (KS) Lyle H. Banser (WI) Eric D. Bennett (NH) Lloyd J... G. Jacques (MA) Lucio Leal (NE) Earl R. Mark (IL) Douglas A. Mendoza (MD) Michael R. Moore...

  4. Deconstruction and Linguistic Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schleifer, Ronald

    1987-01-01

    Challenges a number of concepts in classical continental linguistics. Argues that a direct relationship exists between Jacques Derrida's procedures of deconstruction and the methods of linguistic analysis. Claims that deconstruction is the negation or denial of linguistic neutralization. (JD)

  5. 78 FR 24288 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ... Masterpieces of Modern Mexico: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of... Natasha Gelman Collection,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  6. The Jouissance of English Department Politics: A Tale of Shem and Shaun.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrington, Henry R.

    1993-01-01

    Considers the role of the English department malcontent, who constantly seems to spoil any chance of departmental consensus. Discusses the typical life of the English department. Analyzes departmental disputes with the aid of Jacques Lacan's notion of "jouissance." (HB)

  7. Interview Redux: An Intraview with Stephen M. North.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North, Steve

    1997-01-01

    Represents an educator interviewing himself, with the help of an imaginary Jacques Derrida and quotes from the film "The Commitments." Ranges over many issues, including thoughts about rhetoric, composition, and U.S. culture. (PA)

  8. A Certain "Madness" Must Watch Over Thinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Derrida, Jacques; Ewald, Francois

    1995-01-01

    Presents a translation of an interview with author Jacques Derrida conducted by Francois Ewald. The interview examines Derrida's philosophy; discusses several of his works; and describes how he works, looking at the relationship of deconstruction to his work. (SM)

  9. 12. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST OF STEPS SUSPENDED OVER THE STREAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST OF STEPS SUSPENDED OVER THE STREAM WITH PLUNGE POOL AND 'MOTHER AND CHILD' BRONZE SCULPTURE BY JACQUES LIPCHITZ IN BACKGROUND. - Fallingwater, State Route 381 (Stewart Township), Ohiopyle, Fayette County, PA

  10. 30. CORNER OF PLUNGE POOL, AND 'MOTHER AND CHILD' BRONZE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. CORNER OF PLUNGE POOL, AND 'MOTHER AND CHILD' BRONZE SCULPTURE BY JACQUES LIPCHITZ LOOKING SOUTHWEST TO BRIDGE ACROSS BEAR RUN. - Fallingwater, State Route 381 (Stewart Township), Ohiopyle, Fayette County, PA

  11. West Europe Report, No. 2181.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    May 83 p 2/ ^/Article by Jacques van Soling_e/ ^Text/ Whither Brussels? II;- A Victim of its Parties’ Weariness, the Capital is Becoming a...when his commune of Evere was his sole concern. in In the PSC the picture is no more cheering, despite the efforts of Jean - Louis Thys. But the...unwilling to reform themselves in good time. k2 /~3 May 83 p 2/ /Article by Jacques van Hoorebeke/ /Tex|/ Whither Brussels?: Ill - The New Strategy

  12. Proceedings of a Symposium on the Physics and Technology of Amorphous SiO2 Held in Les Arcs, France on 29 June-3 July 1987

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-03

    Chibaudo and Jean - Jacques Niez whilst the on-site smooth running was assured by Julia, Bob and Neil Devine and Bernadette Bonnefond - sincere thanks...SOL-GEL COATINGS FOR Nd : GLASS HIGH-POWER PULSED LASER USES Hervb Floch, Jean - Jacques Priotton, and Ian Malvil Thomas* Commissariat A ’Energie Atomique...PROPERTIES OF PLASMA ENHANCED CVD SILICON OXYNITRIDE FILMS Yves Cros, Jean Christophe Rostaing LEPES*, C.N.R.S. BP 166 38042 Grenoble Cedex, France

  13. West Europe Report. No. 2178.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-07-22

    Jersild; BERLINGSKE TIDENDE, 23 Jun 83) 25 FRANCE PS Factions Split on Protectionism, Devaluation ( Jean -Claude Hazera; LE NOUVEL ECONOMISTE, 13 Jun...of Belgium, by reporters Charles Bricman, Benoit Califice, and Jacques Dujardin, in Liege, date and occasion not specified: "Robert the Rebel...the march on Brussels, Jacques Yerna had contacted Piette. We found the answer the next day...in the press. It was "No!" In fact, it is not very

  14. Organization of the Integrated Photonics Topical Meeting Held in Victoria, British Columbia on 30 March-1 April 1998. Technical Digest Series. Volume 4. Postconference Edition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    four- wave mixing characteristics of X./4-sn,fted DFB lasers, Jacques W.D. Chi, Jean Le Bihan, Ecole Nationale d’Inginieurs de Brest, France; K... Jacques W. D. CHI, K. Alan SHORE* and Jean LE BIHAN Ecole Nationale d’Ingenieurs de Brest, Laboratoire RESO Technopöle Brest-Iroise, C.P. 15,29608 BREST...Texas Instruments, USA Kunishige Oe, NTT Opto-electronics Laboratories, Japan Claude Rolland, Nortel Technology, Canada Jean -Francois Vinchant

  15. Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: U.S. Policy and Practice in the Late 1990’s

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-04-01

    Prior to Discussions With President Jacques Chirac of France in Birmingham,” Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, 34, No. 20 (15 May, 1998...September 1998. 8 Vernon Loeb , “Saudi Demands Compensation For Destroyed Plant,” Washington Post, 4 Feb 1999, 9. 9 Ibid. 10 "A 2nd Tomahawk Dud Is...Documents, 34, No. 20 (15 May, 1998): 874. President. “Exchange With Reporters Prior to Discussions With President Jacques Chirac of France in Birmingham

  16. U.S. Participation in Balkan Peacekeeping: The Rice Proposal

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-12-01

    European Community was not inclined to have the United States enter the conflict. Luxembourg foreign minister Jacques Poos, speaking as chairman of the...coupled 31 Jacques Poos on the ITN News, June 28, 1991, quoted in James Gow, Triumph of the Lack...Set For Ground War,” London Times, 11 October 2001. 249 Vernon Loeb and Thomas E. Ricks, “U.S. Sends Troops To Ex-Soviet Republics,” The

  17. Globalism--The New International System?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    Friedman, November 2000. 22 Vernon Loeb , “Global Threats Against U.S. Will Rise, Report Predicts,” Washington Post, Monday, 18 December 2000, A03. 18 by...The Soldier and Social Change, Jacques van Doorn details how early entrepreneurial enterprises modeled themselves after Dutch military organizations...Europe.” 31 Jacques van Doorn, The Soldier and Social Change, (Beverly Hills, California: SAGE

  18. The Economic Impact on Future European Security.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-07-01

    European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Jacques Attali , is a former adviser to President Francois Mitterand. "Mr. Attali had never run a...Linkina NATO and the WEU, p. 10. 14. " Attali Unleashed," Wall Street Journal (New York), 17 April 1991, p. A14. 24 15. "France Threatens NATO Walkout...Jacques Attali to serve as president of the bank, but the designated American number two in command declined. Quickly, Mr. Attali appointed an

  19. SETA Support for the DARPA Microelectronics Technology Insertion Program of the Microelectronics Technology Office

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-17

    competitive intelligence activities) and he agreed with me. Jacques oflered to help us (DARPA and myself) by supplying competitive intelligence , industry...trends etc. T intend to take advantage of the offer because Intel, under Jacques’ guidance has a world class competitive intelligence activity. He is...concerned, as I am, about SEMATBCH’s competitive intelligence activities. He is sending a "strong analyst" to join the SEMATECH group July Ist (last name

  20. WE-A-207-01: Memorial Lecturer

    SciTech Connect

    Muller-Runkel, R

    2015-06-15

    The Medical Physics community lost one of its early pioneers in radiation oncology physics, Jacques Ovadia, who passed away in April of 2014 at the age of 90. Jacques received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics from the University of Illinois at Urbana in 1951. Subsequently, under the guidance of John Laughlin, he was introduced to the field of Medical Physics. When John moved to Memorial Sloan Kettering, Jacques followed him. There he gained clinical experience and expertise in the then cutting-edge field of high energy electron beam therapy. In 1956, Jacques joined Dr. Erich Uhlmann at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago where one of the country’s first high energy medical linear accelerators had just been installed. During his 35 year tenure, Dr. Ovadia built a strong Medical Physics department that merged in 1984 with that of the University of Chicago. Jacques pioneered the use of high energy electron beams to treat deep seated tumors, multiple-field chest wall irradiation with variable electron energies, and even anticipated the current interest in high energy electron beam grid-therapy. At an early stage, he introduced a simulator, computerized treatment planning and in-house developed record and verify software. He retired in 1990 as Professor emeritus in Radiation and Cellular Biology at the University of Chicago. Dr. Ovadia was an early and strong supporter of AAPM. He was present at the Chicago ROMPS meeting where the decision was made to form an independent professional society for medical physics. He served as AAPM president in 1976. Jacques Ovadia is survived by his wife of 58 years, Florence, their daughter Corinne Graefe and son Marc Ovadia, MD, as well as four grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Jacques’ dynamic and ever enthusiastic personality inspired all who collaborated with him. He will be greatly missed.

  1. Monitoring of Breast Tumor Response to Local Chemotherapeutic Agent Delivered by Biodegradable Fibers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-01

    Sausalito: University science books) 73-77 (1997) 46. H. Liu, A. H. Hielscher , F. K. Tittel, S. L. Jacques, and B. Chance, “Influence of blood...Reson. Imaging, 15, 41-57 (2004). 92. A. Y. Bluestone, M. Stewart, J. Lasker, G.S. Absoulaev, and A. H. Hielscher , “Three-dimensional optical...during forearm ischemia J. Appl. Physiol. 64 2449–57 [44] Liu H, Hielscher A H, Tittel F K, Jacques S L and Chance B 1995 Influence of blood vessels on

  2. Press conference bring excitement of geophysical research to the public

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leifert, Harvey

    “A Flare to Remember.” “Starbucks for Starfish.” “Earth's Rotation Slows for El Niño.” What do these catchy headlines have in common? They all resulted from presentations at AGU's Spring Meeting in Boston, Mass. Yes, geophysical science can be big news when presented in a way that is interesting to general audiences.Proof? Well, the “Flare to Remember” headline (in the Dallas Morning News) reported the discovery, via the SOHO spacecraft, that a solar flare had produced, deep inside the Sun, seismic disturbances of a magnitude never experienced on Earth. Researchers Valentina Zharkova of Glasgow University and Alexander Kosovichev of Stanford gave media representatives a preview of their session, supported by visual aids, in the AGU press briefing room.

  3. Corrigendum.

    PubMed

    2015-08-01

    R. Jeffrey Neitz, Steven Chen, Frantisek Supek, Vince Yeh, Danielle Kellar, Jiri Gut, Clifford Bryant, Alejandra Gallardo-Godoy, Valentina Molteni, Steven L. Roach, Arnab K. Chatterjee, Stephanie Robertson, Adam R. Renslo, Michelle Arkin, Richard Glynne, James McKerrow, and Jair L. Siqueira-Neto. Lead Identification to Clinical Candidate Selection: Drugs for Chagas Disease J. Biomol. Screen. 2015, 20, 101-111. (Original doi:10.1177/1087057114553103)In the January 2015 issue of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening, the names of two authors were not published with this article, Shilpi Khare and Monique Stinson. Their names should have appeared after Steven L. Roach, and the affiliation for both of the missing authors is the Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation (GNF), San Diego, CA, USA.

  4. Metaphor and Metonymy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grigg, Russell

    1994-01-01

    Describes in some detail the structure of metaphor and metonymy, reviewing three main structures of metaphor--supposition, extension, and apposition--and proposing a comprehensive definition of metaphor taking all three structures into account. Draws on Roman Jakobson when explaining Jacques Lacan's claim that condensation is metaphor and…

  5. Eyeless in America, the Sequel: Hollywood and Indiewood's Iraq War on Film

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackmore, Tim

    2012-01-01

    This article builds on conclusions drawn in the article "Eyeless in America," by the same author and considers how 50 American films about the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan intended to function as what Jacques Ellul called "integration propaganda" fared. This article considers and rejects a number of theories about why most…

  6. Temptation and Seduction in the Technological Milieu

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Laan, J. M.

    2004-01-01

    Jacques Ellul's work on propaganda provides the basis for this analysis of life in technology. Advertising and the mass media rely on temptation and seduction and create a constant flow of propaganda, all of which serve the technological system. Propaganda aims to condition and regulate us so that we participate in and adapt ourselves to a desired…

  7. Ambitions and Responsibilities: A Textual Analysis of the Norwegian National Curriculum Regulations for Nursing Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solbrekke, Tone Dyrdal; Heggen, Kristin; Engebretsen, Eivind

    2014-01-01

    Society assigns professional educational programs the responsibility to aid students in learning and dedicate expert knowledge to furthering the well-being of citizens. This demand calls for addressing the how educational policies prioritize learning professionals' responsibility. Inspired by the theory of Jacques Derrida, we deconstruct the…

  8. Representational and Territorial Economies in Global Citizenship Education: Welcoming the Other at the Limit of Cosmopolitan Hospitality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langmann, Elisabet

    2011-01-01

    In this article, I argue that any success a discourse on cosmopolitan hospitality might have in global citizenship education depends on how it deals with its own limits, and I propose a way of responding to these limits that takes the cosmopolitan commitment to openness to the other seriously. Following Jacques Derrida, my point is that to teach…

  9. Derridean Justice and the DJ: A Classroom Impossibility?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dale, Peter

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, researchers and theorists of music education have taken a stronger interest in questions of justice. Meanwhile, in educational research more broadly, there has been a simultaneous growth in efforts to bring deconstruction and the theories of Jacques Derrida to bear upon philosophies of education. One significant difficulty with…

  10. Music Education in the Sign of Deconstruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyndahl, Petter

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the aim is to address different forms of relationship between deconstruction, as coined by Jacques Derrida, and research perspectives on music education. Deconstruction represents a radical departure from Western ontology from Plato onward and its essentialistic notions of the metaphysics of presence. Instead, Derrida claims that…

  11. The Promise of Politics and Pedagogy in Derrida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Michael A.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author profiles Jacques Derrida, whose teaching activity made an invaluable and indelible contribution to the intellectual life of the University of California, Irvine (UCI). The question of pedagogy is central for Derrida, not only in terms of teaching people to read and write differently, but as a means for appreciating the…

  12. Out of the Ordinary: Incorporating Limits with Austin and Derrida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Emma

    2014-01-01

    This article seeks to open up a re-examination of the relationship between thought and language by reference to two philosophers: John Austin and Jacques Derrida. While in traditional philosophical terms these thinkers stand far apart, recent work in the philosophy of education has highlighted the importance of Austin's work in a way that has…

  13. What Kind of Deconstruction for Deconstructive Religious Education? Response to Noaparast and Khosravi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biesta, Gert J. J.; Miedema, Siebren

    2011-01-01

    The question whether the writings of Jacques Derrida have anything to offer for religious education is, in the authors' opinion, a very important one. In their attempts at answering the question, the authors have tried to argue that the writings of Derrida provide openings that speak to both theology and education in a way that is not only…

  14. Derrida, Friendship and Responsible Teaching in Contrast to Effective Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinha, Shilpi

    2013-01-01

    Educational theorists working within the tradition of Jacques Derrida and Emmanuel Levinas's thought, posit teaching to be a site of implied ethics, that is, a realm in which non-violent or less violent relations to the other are possible. Derrida links ethics to the realm of friendship, enabling one to understand teaching as a site of the…

  15. The Humanities without Condition: Derrida and the Singular "Oeuvre"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attridge, Derek

    2014-01-01

    In an important lecture on the function of the Humanities, "The University without Condition", Jacques Derrida asks what it means to "profess" the truth and advocates a commitment to the "oeuvre"--the work that constitutes an event rather than just a contribution to knowledge. I examine a few phrases from the lecture,…

  16. Eyeless in America: Hollywood and Indiewood's Iraq War on Film

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackmore, Tim

    2012-01-01

    This article examines 50 films produced and released between the years 2001 and 2012 that are concerned with the American wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Using Jacques Ellul's theories set out in his book "Propaganda," the article argues that while the films have failed at the box office, they were intended to function as integration…

  17. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Original Water Color in Wells ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Original Water Color in Wells Fargo Bank Historical Museum Capt. Jean Jacques Vioget, Artist Spring of 1837 FIRST WATER COLOR OF SAN FRANCISCO (JACOB LEESE HOUSE IN CENTER) - San Francisco, Historic View, 1837, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  18. Cultural Resources Survey, Harry S. Truman Dam and Reservoir Project, Missouri. Volume 1. Historical Resources: Chronology of Osage River History.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-02-01

    the Indian Nations; 3) establish commerce with the Spaniards of New Mexico. 0 1673 Father Jacques Marquette, Jesuit missionary, though he did not visit...shoulder to shoulder snagging the migrating polyodon 0 spathula. This year KMBC-TV of Kansas City carried a thirty-minute documentary on fishing in the

  19. Singularities and Spatial Fluctuations in Submonolayer Epitaxy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vvedensky, D. D.; Ratsch, C.; Gibou, F.; Vardavas, R.

    2003-05-01

    A Comment on the Letter by

    Jacques G. Amar, Mihail N. Popescu, and Fereydoon Family, Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-9007 86, 3092 (2001)
    . The authors of the Letter offer a Reply.

  20. Realizing the Natural Self: Rousseau and the Current System of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peckover, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that Nature is master. Children acknowledge this truth perhaps better than most adults. Nature gives life to humanity and provides humans with the tools necessary to survive. Even as an infant, Nature urges the child to scream for nourishment. As children, humans trust their master. The idea of resisting their human…

  1. Creative Class, Dismissed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fendrich, Laurie

    2008-01-01

    Recently the author has been including in her undergraduate seminars Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "Letter to d'Alembert on the Theatre" (1758), the most provocative essay on the arts ever written. It is about the unintended effects of theater--which, for Rousseau, stands in for all of the arts--on an audience. The essay is an impassioned rebuttal to…

  2. Derrida's Right to Philosophy, Then and Now

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willinsky, John

    2009-01-01

    In this essay, a tribute to Jacques Derrida's educational efforts at expanding access to current work in philosophy, John Willinsky examines his efforts as both a public right and an element of academic freedom that bear on the open access movement today. Willinsky covers Derrida's extension and outreach work with the Groupe de Recherches pour…

  3. Feasibility Report and Final Environmental Impact Statement, Wisconsin River at Portage, Wisconsin, Feasibility Study for Flood Control. Appendixes.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    Bun (Portage) z Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution reads, "This tablet marks the place near which Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet...Pybognathus hankinsoni 13. Speckled chub Hybopsis aestivalis 14. Golden shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas 15. Emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides 16. River

  4. International Reports on Literacy Research: France, United Kingdom, Brazil

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malloy, Jacquelynn A., Comp.; Botza, Stergios, Comp.

    2005-01-01

    This is a compilation of reports on international literacy research. The report includes 3 separate reports on France, United Kingdom and Brazil. In the first report, research correspondent Jacques Fijalkow presents research into variations of reading motivation related to students' socioeconomic status (SES), age, and gender. Three of these…

  5. Affordances of Equality: Rancière, Emerging Media, and the New Amateur

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thumlert, Kurt

    2015-01-01

    This article extends a recent educational engagement with the work of Jacques Rancière by linking his meditations on 19th-century worker emancipation to present cultural contexts and media forms. Taking Nick Prior's (2010) notion of the "new amateur" as point of departure, I argue that new media and attendant production contexts offer an…

  6. [The sense of the senseless, psychoanalytic aspects of delusion in psychosis].

    PubMed

    Chaperot, Christophe

    2011-01-01

    The psychoanalytic approach to delusion in psychosis leads us to examine the function of a "furrow". It is necessary to remain in the furrow in order not to become delusional. References to Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan, Mélanie Klein and Jean-Claude Maleval enlighten us as to the origin and the function of delusion as an attempt to give meaning.

  7. Air Force Air Refueling: The KC-X Aircraft Acquisition Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-08-04

    Feingold on February 14, 2007. The bill would have accepted goods as domestically produced “if the cost of the domestic components of such articles...Christopher Bolkcom and Daniel Else. Arguments Favoring a Split Buy.126 A leading proponent of “split buy” KC-X acquisition is Dr. Jacques Gansler, a former

  8. In Search of the Modern Hero.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shugar, Carol E.

    1988-01-01

    Provides profiles of contemporary figures who can serve as appropriate role models (heroes and heroines) for today's young people. Profiled are Desmond Tutu, Neil Armstrong, Mother Teresa, Lech Walesa, Jesse Jackson, Jacques Cousteau, Sharon Christa McAuliffe, and Anatoly Shcharansky. (SKC)

  9. East Siberia and Bering Sea, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    On June 5, 2001 MODIS captured this true-color image of Eastern Siberia and the Bering Strait. To the right of the image is the western tip of Alaska's St. Lawrence Island. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team

  10. Settling No Conflict in the Public Place: Truth in Education, and in Rancierean Scholarship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bingham, Charles

    2010-01-01

    This essay offers an educational understanding of truth deriving from the work of Jacques Ranciere. Unlike other educational accounts--the traditional, progressive, and critical accounts--of truth that take education as a way of approaching pre-existing truths (or lack of pre-existing truths), this essay establishes an account of truth that is…

  11. Contemporary Art and Art in Education: The New, Emancipation and Truth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkinson, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    This article assembles some ideas on equality and learning in relation to the notions of truth and emancipation. It considers learning as a political act, as defined by Jacques Ranciere and Alain Badiou, rather than, for example, an incremental process of psychological or sociological development. Practical exemplifications will be taken from…

  12. Our Brave New World Today

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stivers, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Aldous Huxley is perhaps the only author to have written a work of science fiction and a work of nonfiction to ascertain whether fiction had become reality. Both "Brave New World" and "Brave New World Revisited" are discussed and compared with Jacques Ellul's work on technology.

  13. Language and Being Human in Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Laan, J. M.

    2012-01-01

    This essay considers the analysis Jacques Ellul carried out about the devaluation of language. This investigation also explores the consequences of that devaluation (or humiliation as Ellul called it) wrought by our orientation to technology. Our existence in technology transforms language and our use of it, shifting emphasis as well to the visual…

  14. Exploring Fear: Rousseau, Dewey, and Freire on Fear and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    English, Andrea; Stengel, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    Fear is not the first feature of educational experience associated with the best-known progressive educational theorists--Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Dewey, and Paolo Freire. But each of these important thinkers did, in fact, have something substantive to say about how fear functions in the processes of learning and growth. Andrea English and…

  15. "Remediating Childhood Recollection": Facilitating Intermedial Theatre Based on Lived-Experience, Recollection and Remediation of Digital Video

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Jem

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports on an intermedial pedagogy informed by Jacques Rancière's "Ignorant Schoolmaster" (1991). Two case studies interrogate the creative application of notions found in intermedial practice, hypersurface and palimpsest, discussing student agency as rigorous, innovative and research-led. The emerging status of pedagogy in…

  16. Postmodern Philosophical Critique and the Pursuit of Knowledge in Higher Education. Critical Studies in Education and Culture Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mourad, Roger P., Jr.

    This book explores postmodern critique in scholarly inquiry in the context of the philosophies of Jean-Francois Lyotard, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Richard Rorty, and Calvin Schrag. Claiming that the overall course of inquiry is characterized by basic theoretical deficiencies, postmodern critique suggests a rethinking of the nature and aims…

  17. Inventing the Educational Subject in the "Information Age"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bojesen, Emile

    2016-01-01

    This paper asks the question of how we can situate the educational subject in what Luciano Floridi has defined as an "informational ontology" (Floridi in "The philosophy of information." Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011a). It will suggest that Jacques Derrida and Bernard Stiegler offer paths toward rethinking the…

  18. Who Won the Debate in Women Education? Rousseau or Wollstonecraft?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owusu-Gyamfi, Clifford

    2016-01-01

    Curriculum framework in the education of children became debatable during the enlightenment. Jean-Jacque Rousseau's treatise, "Emile," outlined an educational curriculum based on natural rights. Rousseau thought education should be based on espousing and exploring the natural abilities of a person. Therefore, since women have a natural…

  19. Sartre: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kern, Edith, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Edith Kern, Claude-Edmonde Magny, Henri Peyre, Kenneth Douglas, Edmund Wilson, Theophil Spoerri, Jacques Guicharnaud, Eric Bentley, Robert Champigny, Oreste F. Pucciani, Frederic Jameson, Rene Girard, Guido…

  20. Deconstruction and Graphic Design: History Meets Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lupton, Ellen; Miller, J. Abbott

    1994-01-01

    Considers the reception and use of deconstruction in the recent history of graphic design. Considers the place of graphics within the theory of deconstruction in the work of philosopher Jacques Derrida. Argues that deconstruction is not a style but a mode of questioning through and about the technologies, formal devices, social institutions and…

  1. Thinking Out of the Box: Reading Military Texts with a Different Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-05-14

    defined, Deconstruction is a postmodern philosophy that denies the existence of true meaning for texts. A text is anything that can be intellectually...2 Glenn Ward, Teach Yourself Postmodernism , (Chicago IL: NTC...Contemporary Publishing, 1997), 94-101. Deconstruction is credited to the French philosopher, Jacques Derrida . The primary texts on deconstruction are

  2. Pedagogy of Ignorance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anwaruddin, Sardar M.

    2015-01-01

    In this article I discuss how Jacques Rancière's thought invites us to re-conceptualize the education-emancipation nexus. The primary goal of traditional approaches to emancipatory and anti-oppressive education has been to empower the oppressed so that the latter can (re)gain their voice and transform their situations. Building on Rancière's…

  3. Citizen Hersant: The Rise to Power of a Contemporary French Press Lord.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWilliams, Alvi

    When the centrist government of Prime Minister Jacques Chirac chose 69-year-old Robert Hersant to buy the newspaper "France-Soir" (famous for its ties to the resistance to the Nazis) in 1976, journalists at many newspapers on the left fought the political move by reminding both the public and the government of Hersant's collaboration…

  4. Choreographing Theory: An Analysis of Edouard Lock's "Amelia" (2002) Questioning the Limits of Feminist and Poststructuralist Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ireland, Ruby

    2009-01-01

    Edouard Lock's dance film "Amelia" (2002) is the focus of this essay. Second-wave feminist and poststructuralist perspectives inform the analysis of this piece of contemporary dance. Laura Mulvey's male gaze theory and Julia Kristeva's theory of the semiotic and symbolic realms of representation are explored and critiqued, whilst Jacques Derrida's…

  5. Academic Jeremiad: The Neoconservative View of American Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jayne, Edward

    1991-01-01

    Recent books presenting the neoconservative criticism of higher education are reviewed including books by Allan Bloom, Charles Sykes, Jacques Barzun, Peter Shaw, Roger Kimball, and Thomas Short. Common assumptions include the worsening of American education resulting from warped curriculum reform and distorted performance standards. Agreement with…

  6. Surrealism and Film.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, J. H.

    This book is a critical, genre study of surrealist films including a general discussion of the backgrounds, influences, and overall traits of surrealism as a mode of artistic response to an absurdist world. Citing the impetus of Jacques Vache and Andre Breton as the originators of surrealism, the work expands upon the themes of fractured realism…

  7. Inservice Readings Can Provide Principals with Valuable Tool, Teachers with Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haas, Jim

    1987-01-01

    Four classic publications that offer guidance and inspiration to teachers are reviewed: (1) "Teacher in America," by Jacques Barzun; (2) "Excellence: Can We Be Equal and Excellent Too?" by John Gardner; (3) "Anti-Intellectualism in American Life," by Richard Hofstadter; and "To Profess with a Passion," a "Time" magazine article. (PGD)

  8. Papers on Education Reform, Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

    The following ten papers were presented to the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board in 1971. "Where Educational Nonsense Comes From" by Jacques Barzun focuses on education as the removal of ignorance. "The Importance of Teaching Poetry" by Cleanth Brooks discusses the powers of poetry in the instruction of yound children. In…

  9. Rousseau and the Fable: Rethinking the Fabulous Nature of Educational Philosophy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tyson E.

    2012-01-01

    In this essay Tyson Lewis reevaluates Jean-Jacques Rousseau's assessment of the pedagogical value of fables in Emile's education using Giorgio Agamben's theory of poetic production and Thomas Keenan's theory of the inherent ambiguity of the fable. From this perspective, the "unreadable" nature of the fable that Rousseau exposed is not simply the…

  10. China, The Regional Hegemon with Global Reach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-07

    courtship of cash-strapped countries such as Spain, pledging to buy their bonds and expand business ties.28 In January 2011, Vice Prime Minister Li...Jacques, When China Rules the World (New York, NY: Penguin , 2009), 347. 80 Ibid., 6. 81 Ibid., 348. 82 Evan Medeiros, China’s International Behavior

  11. [The union of three families of apothecaries in Paris in the 17th and 18th centuries--The apothecaries François Pihoué, François Regnault, Henry Charas and Marie Fourneau].

    PubMed

    Warolin, Christian

    2015-06-01

    The family network started with Marie Fourneau, daughter of the apothecary Jacques Fourneau, married successively two apothecaries first François Pihoué and then François Regnault and whose only daughter Marie Anne married the apothecary Henry Charas grandson of the famous apothecary Moyse Charas.

  12. Outdoor Education--The Past Is Prologue to the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rillo, Thomas J.

    Although educators and philosophers such as Johann Amos Comenius, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Pestalozzi, and Froebel stressed the study of nature, outdoor education really began with the first teaching-learning act which occurred outdoors. The human being, physiologically and psychologically adapted for outdoor existence, has only been indoors for…

  13. Google™ underwater

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2012-10-01

    The first underwater panoramic images were added to Google Maps™, the company announced on 25 September. This first “underwater Street View collection,” launched in partnership with the Caitlin Seaview Survey, provides people with the opportunity to “become the next virtual Jacques Cousteau.” For more information, see: maps.google.com/ocean.

  14. The Challenges Our Contemporary World Presents to Christian Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuttloffel, Merylann J.

    2005-01-01

    This article explores Jacques Ellul's challenges to Christian educators in a society permeated with technique or technological thinking. Responses to the three challenges Ellul puts forth to believing Christians, and, specifically, to Catholic Christian school educators, integrate a process of contemplative practice. This process integrates…

  15. "Listen Then, Or, Rather, Answer": Contemporary Challenges to Socratic Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fullam, Jordan

    2015-01-01

    The popularity of Jacques Rancière in recent work in educational philosophy has rejuvenated discussion of the merits and weaknesses of Socratic education, both in Plato's dialogues and in invocations of Socrates in contemporary educational practice. In this essay Jordan Fullam explores the implications of this trend through comparing…

  16. Proceedings of the EMU Conference on Foreign Languages for Business and the Professions (Dearborn, Michigan, April 5-7, 1984). Part I: Business Needs/Educators Respond.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voght, Geoffrey M., Ed.

    Part I of the proceedings includes seven presentations. They are: "International Language Evaluation and Professional Points of View" (M. Jacques Cartier); "Foreign Languages and International Businesses in Colorado: A Report and Assessment" (Alain W. D. Ranwez and Donald Schmidt); "The Use of Foreign Languages in International Banking: A Survey…

  17. Why Man Explores.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena.

    This document presents a transcript of a National Aeronautics and Space Administration panel discussion held on July 2, 1976, in conjunction with the Viking Mission to Mars. The panel consisted of Norman Cousins, Ray Bradbury, Jacques Cousteau, James Michener, and Philip Morrison, and the principal topic was a philosophical discussion of the…

  18. "Technique" and Artistic Imitation and Invention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Younes, Samir

    2012-01-01

    Contrary to the general belief that modernist art and architecture reflect the technological society, Jacques Ellul maintains in his "L'empire du non-sens" that they are justifications for the integration of humankind into what he called the technicist complex. Modernism in art and architecture meant that every product must be qualified by a…

  19. Uncommon Grounds: Preparing Students in Higher Music Education for the Unpredictable

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapidaki, Eleni

    2016-01-01

    This article considers the contribution that Jacques Derrida's work "Of Hospitality" might make to higher music education as it unsettles the usual ascription of normative value to learning and teaching music at the university. Along these lines, what is most at issue in the encounter with Derrida's thinking is the concomitant notion of…

  20. Scenes of Aesthetic Education: Ranciere, Oedipus, and "Notre Musique"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Boever, Arne

    2012-01-01

    In an interview titled "The Janus-Face of Politicized Art," Jacques Ranciere describes his methodology as follows: "I always try to think in terms of horizontal distributions, combinations between systems of possibilities, not in terms of surface and substratum. Where one searches for the hidden beneath the apparent, a position of…

  1. Art, Society and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Ralph A.

    1976-01-01

    In considering the relation of art with society the author comments on the ideas of the American philosopher, John Dewey, the art historian, Lord Kenneth Clark, a popular humanistic educator, Clifton Fadiman, and a major cultural critic, Jacques Barzun. (Author/RK)

  2. Mathematical Discovery: Hadamard Resurected

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liljedahl, Peter

    2004-01-01

    In 1943 Jacques Hadamard gave a series of lectures on mathematical invention at the Ecole Libre des Hautes Etudes in New York City. These talks were subsequently published as The Psychology of Mathematical Invention in the Mathematical Field (Hadamard, 1945). In this article I present a study that mirrors the work of Hadamard. Results both…

  3. Annual Gaseous Electronics Conference (43rd)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-04-23

    University Avenue Madison, WI 53706 Madison, WI 53706 aig Denman Jacques Derouard Russell DeYoung !00 Eubank, N.E., #417 Spectrometrie Physique Gaseous...Universitat Innsbruck Dawley Road Santa Clara, CA 95054 Technikerstr. 25 Hayes UB31H4 A 6020 Innstruck U.K. Austria JoanneLiu RonLockwood Leonard Loeb MIT

  4. Conflict Resolution in Iraq: A Two-Track Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-05-03

    all security matters. The French President, Jacques Chirac, contends that immediately turning over the political track to the Iraqis will provide a...Iraqi Council Wants Quick Transfer of Power.” USA Today, 24 September 2003, p 16. Slevin, Peter, and Vernon Loeb . “Plan to Secure Postwar Iraq Faulted

  5. Warlords and Democratization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-06

    violence in his natural state? Idealists like Frenchman Jean- Jacques Rousseau argue that man is inherently good, peace loving and selfless. It is not...2003. Loeb , Vernon, and Thomas E. Ricks. “U.S. Seeks to Broaden Peacekeeping: Pentagon Supports International Forces Outside Afghan Capital

  6. Redefining Attack: Taking the Offensive Against Networks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-03-01

    agents’ actions. The MAS, dubbed the Terrorist Network Simulation (TNS), was founded on the design principles of Jacques Ferber and extended agent...Brill, “A Defining Moment in Marine Corps History,” Sea Power, p. 11, November 1998. Loeb , Vernon, Washington Post, 07 May 2001, p. A02. Lowenthal

  7. What I Should Have Said (Views and Reviews).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otto, Wayne

    1993-01-01

    Discusses educational research and the relationship between researchers and teachers. Reviews briefly Jacques Barzun's book "Begin Here: The Forgotten Conditions of Teaching and Learning," and Frank Smith's article "Learning to Read: The Never-Ending Debate." Calls for a rehabilitation of common sense, valuing the thoughtful…

  8. Educational Technology: A Presupposition of Equality?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orlando, Joanne

    2014-01-01

    The work of philosopher Jacques Rancière is used conceptually and methodologically to frame an exploration of the driving interests in educational technology policy and the sanctioning of particular discursive constructions of pedagogy that result. In line with Rancière's thinking, the starting point for this analysis is that of equality--that…

  9. Papers on Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

    The following papers collected in this publication were presented for discussion at the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board Meeting in 1970. "Testing, Grades, Standards" by Jacques Barzun discusses the relationship between these three elements and the process of education and of performance evaluation. In "The Limits of Reform in Education" James…

  10. Physics and Metaphysics of Deterrence: The British Approach (Newport Paper, Number 8, December 1994)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-12-01

    the nation’s armed forces. In the midst of these changes, the strategic calculus itself may be shifting. Jacques Attali , the French economist and... Attali , Millennium (New York: Random House, Inc., 1991) , p. 7. 299. The main proponent of the "declinist" thesis to explain hegemonic decline has

  11. Descriptional Composition of Compiler Components

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-09-01

    Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer-Verlag, April 1996. [5] Isabelle Attali and Jacques Chazarain. Functional evaluation of strongly non circu...Proceedings, vol- ume 461 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 157{176, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1990. Springer-Verlag. [6] Isabelle Attali and

  12. "The Treasure Within: Learning to Know, Learning to Do, Learning to Live Together and Learning to Be." What Is the Value of that Treasure 15 Years after Its Publication?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delors, Jacques

    2013-01-01

    This is an English translation of a speech held by French economist and politician Jacques Delors, former President of the European Commission, on 7 November 2011 at the opening of the International Congress on Lifelong Learning in Donostia/San Sebastián, Spain. Fifteen years after the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-first…

  13. [History of the renovation of the hôtel-Dieu of Bourges].

    PubMed

    Gitton, Philippe

    2006-01-01

    From the 16th to the 20th century "hôtel-Dieu" was the main hospital in the Berry capital. In the 30's the mayor decided to renovate the building but in 1994 the construction of a new hospital--"Centre Hospitalier Jacques-Coeur"--freed the ancient building which became a historical centre for culture et tourism in the region.

  14. The Happy and Suffering Student? Rousseau's "Emile" and the Path Not Taken in Progressive Educational Thought

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintz, Avi I.

    2012-01-01

    One of the mantras of progressive education is that genuine learning ought to be exciting and pleasurable, rather than joyless and painful. To a significant extent, Jean-Jacques Rousseau is associated with this mantra. In a theme of "Emile" that is often neglected in the educational literature, however, Rousseau stated that "to suffer is the first…

  15. History and the Curriculum in Rousseau's "Emile."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owen, David B.

    1982-01-01

    This essay considers Jean Jacques Rousseau's conception of history in "Emile" and its relationship to Rousseau's educational curriculum. History is, for Rousseau, at the heart of the curriculum and is one of the chief instruments for imparting knowledge of the world and encouraging moral behavior. (PP)

  16. Teaching Rousseau: Natural Man and Present Existence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Daryl H.

    1989-01-01

    Offers an interpretation of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality" and provides examples of classroom exercises designed to make Rousseau's ideas and writings accessible to undergraduates. Stresses Rousseau's philosophy on natural man, language, ethics, and society. Includes interpretive…

  17. Thinking about the Nature and Role of Authority in Democratic Education with Rousseau's "Emile"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaud, Olivier

    2012-01-01

    Educational authority is an issue in contemporary democracies. Surprisingly, little attention has been given to the problem of authority in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "Emile" and his work has not been addressed in the contemporary debate on the issue of authority in democratic education. Olivier Michaud's goals are, first, to address both of these…

  18. Rival Visions: J.J. Rousseau and T.H. Huxley on the Nature (or Nurture) of Inequality and What It Means for Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Currie-Knight, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) and Thomas Huxley (1852-1895) had different, but substantial, effects on the history of education. Rousseau's educational theories supplied the intellectual foundation for pedagogical progressivism. Huxley's educational writings helped to enlarge the scope of the British curriculum to include such things as…

  19. Rousseau's Imaginary Friend: Childhood, Play, and Suspicion of the Imagination in "Emile"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuffelton, Amy B.

    2012-01-01

    In this essay Amy Shuffelton considers Jean-Jacques Rousseau's suspicion of imagination, which is, paradoxically, offered in the context of an imaginative construction of a child's upbringing. First, Shuffelton articulates Rousseau's reasons for opposing children's development of imagination and their engagement in the sort of imaginative play…

  20. Rousseau, Happiness, and the Economic Approach to Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilead, Tal

    2012-01-01

    Since the 1960s, the influence of economic thought on education has been steadily increasing. Taking Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational thought as a point of departure, Tal Gilead critically inquires into the philosophical foundations of what can be termed the economic approach to education. Gilead's focus in this essay is on happiness and the…

  1. Political and Cultural Nationalism in Education. The Ideas of Rousseau and Herder Concerning National Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiborg, Susanne

    2000-01-01

    Jean Jacques Rousseau in France and Johann Gottfied Herder in Germany both emphasized the role of education in building the nation-state. However, Rousseau focused on shaping the national character through citizenship education and political socialization in public schools, while Herder saw a national identity evolving from a common culture and…

  2. Jacobus Sylvius (1478-1555): physician, teacher, and anatomist.

    PubMed

    Tubbs, R Shane; Linganna, Sanjay; Loukas, Marios

    2007-11-01

    Jacques Dubois (1478-1555), better known by his Latin cognomen Jacobus Sylvius was one of the great anatomists and teachers of the Renaissance period. His legacy today, however, is marred by his feud with pupil Andreas Vesalius. The story of Sylvius's life provides the modern clinical anatomist with valuable lessons regarding the nature of orthodoxy, conflict, and the evolving nature of "truth."

  3. A Desire for the Marsupial Space: A Lacanian Reading of Lacan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aghamohammadi, Mehdi

    2017-01-01

    Jacques Lacan is regarded as an influential French psychoanalyst in the 20th century. In the present article, first, a brief biography of this interpreter of Sigmund Freud is presented and then his key psychoanalytic theories, largely about the infant-mother-father relationship, are summarized. These data are finally analyzed mainly according to…

  4. Acceptance, Resistance and Educational Transformation: A Taoist Reading of "The First Man"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This article provides a Taoist reading of Camus' posthumously published novel, "The first man". With its focus on the early life of the central character, Jacques Cormery, "The first man" is a semi-autobiographical account of learning and transformation, but it is, like so many other stories of its kind, one sustained by…

  5. Proust: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Girard, Rene, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Rene Girard, Robert Vigneron, Henri Peyre, Jacques Riviere, Albert Thibaudet, Walter A. Strauss, Germaine Bree, Georges Cattaui, Elliott Coleman, Leo Spitzer, Richard Macksey, Robert Champigny, Charles Du Bos, Ramon…

  6. Les observateurs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ponsard, P.

    2014-09-01

    Nore observatoire de Nandrin vous attend - Comète Jacques (C/2014 E2) - Nuages noctulescents - L’observatoire de Cointe vu du monument interalliés - Orage sur la province de Liège - La police de Liège à l’heure des rendez-vous célestes

  7. Educational Neocolonialism and the World Bank: A Rancièrean Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anwaruddin, Sardar M.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I employ Jacques Rancière's conception of an explicative order to explore how the World Bank contributes to the global project of educational neocolonialism. I argue that the Bank operates as a Master Explicator who taps into students' "inability" to learn by themselves. It explicates concepts such as…

  8. Behind the School Walls: The School Community in French and English Boarding Schools for Girls, 1810-1867

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Bellaigue, Christina

    2004-01-01

    This article develops a comparative analysis of lay boarding schools for girls in France and England in the first part of the nineteenth century, demonstrating that the character of school life in the two countries differed markedly. Contemporary observers such as Matthew Arnold, Henry Montucci and Jacques Demogeot visited boys' schools on either…

  9. Roderick Seidenberg

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stivers, Richard

    2004-01-01

    Roderick Seidenberg, a friend of Lewis Mumford, was an architect with a sociological perspective on technology. He understood that technology had become a system and that it needed to be situated within a historical context to understand its impact on humans. In this article, his work is compared to that of Jacques Ellul.

  10. Don't Fence Me In: The Liberation of Undomesticated Critique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruitenberg, Claudia

    2004-01-01

    In response to Helmut Heid's critique of domesticated philosophical critique, I focus on the metaphor of domestication, which is central to his article. Drawing on the work of Jacques Derrida, I offer a deconstructive critique of the opposition between domesticated and undomesticated critique, arguing that a clear conceptual demarcation between…

  11. L2 Reading Research and Pedagogical Considerations in the Teaching of French and Francophone Theater

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Carole; Taylor, Alan M.

    2012-01-01

    Little research on improving second language (L2) reading comprehension of French and francophone theater has been conducted. This study provides insight into enhancing L2 comprehension of drama by combining L2 research with examples from L'accent grave by Jacques Prevert, Ton beau capitaine by Simone Schwarz-Bart (1987), Un Touareg s'est marie a…

  12. Best Practices in Marine and Coastal Science Education: Lessons Learned from a National Estuarine Research Reserve.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonnell, Janice D.

    The Jacques Cousteau National Estuarine Research Reserve (JC NERR) program has successfully capitalized on human fascination with the ocean by using the marine environment to develop interest and capability in science. The Institute of Marine & Coastal Sciences, as the managing agency of the JC NERR, makes its faculty, staff resources, and…

  13. Whose Place Is This Anyway? Reflecting upon Hospitality and Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loewen, Nathan

    2016-01-01

    In this essay I propose that using online tools to connect geographically-separated classrooms for real-time collaborative learning experiences may effectively develop intercultural competency in the religious studies classroom. I explore personal examples from several international and inter-institutional collaborations with Jacques Derrida's…

  14. Quebec's Aboriginal Languages: History, Planning and Development. Multilingual Matters 107.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maurais, Jacques, Ed.

    This book provides an overview of the history, present circumstances, and future prospects of the native languages of Quebec: Abenaki, Algonquin, Atikamekw, Cree, Inuktitut, Micmac, Mohawk, Montagnais, and Naskapi. Chapter 1, "The Situation of Aboriginal Languages in the Americas" (Jacques Maurais), discusses the linguistic demography of…

  15. Annals of Community-Oriented Education, Volume 3, Part I, 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel, C., Ed.; And Others

    This collection gathers together several papers reflecting the state of the art in the development of community-based programs in health sciences education. Titles and authors are as follows: "Issues in Implementing a Problem-Based Learning Curriculum at the University of Sherbrooke" (Jacques E. Des Marchais; Bertrand Dumais);…

  16. Commodification of Ghana's Volta River: An Example of Ellul's Autonomy of Technique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agbemabiese, Lawrence; Byrne, John

    2005-01-01

    Jacques Ellul argued that modernity's nearly exclusive reliance on science and technology to design society would threaten human freedom. Of particular concern for Ellul was the prospect of the technical milieu overwhelming culture. The commodification of the Volta River in order to modernize Ghana illustrates the Ellulian dilemma of the autonomy…

  17. In the Shadow of "Emile": Pedagogues, Pediatricians, Physical Education, 1686-1762

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tosato-Rigo, Daniele

    2012-01-01

    This article takes as its starting point the commonplace that Rousseau's "Emile" enabled his contemporaries to discover not only childhood but physical education. Focused on what the pedestal erected for Jean-Jacques somewhat overshadows, a brief historiographic overview and a survey of some major writings on education before Rousseau (by the…

  18. Rousseau's "Emile" and its Contribution to the Development of Educational Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliver, R. Graham

    1982-01-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational and political thought is compared to that of John Locke. Rousseau's theories, as expressed in "Emile," are placed in the context of some of that author's other works to show how his educational theories can seem practical in terms of his views on social and political inequality. (PP)

  19. An Examination of Prepropaganda and Political Change in Afghanistan during a National Crisis--September, 1979-January, 1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logan, Robert; Hayes, James

    Jacques Ellul defined "prepropaganda" as the subtle and sophisticated use of news services to improve an authoritarian government's public image. Because its value is directly related to its being used sparingly, he predicted that prepropaganda would increase when an authoritarian government felt threatened and decrease when it once more…

  20. Installation of a Bridge Barrier as a Suicide Prevention Strategy in Montréal, Québec, Canada

    PubMed Central

    Perron, Stéphane; Fournier, Michel; Perron, Paul-André; Ouellet, Frédéric

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. We investigated whether the installation of a suicide prevention barrier on Jacques-Cartier Bridge led to displacement of suicides to other jumping sites on Montréal Island and Montérégie, Québec, the 2 regions it connects. Methods. Suicides on Montréal Island and Montérégie were extracted from chief coroners’ records. We used Poisson regression to assess changes in annual suicide rates by jumping from Jacques-Cartier Bridge and from other bridges and other sites and by other methods before (1990–June 2004) and after (2005–2009) installation of the barrier. Results. Suicide rates by jumping from Jacques-Cartier Bridge decreased after installation of the barrier (incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.24; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.13, 0.43), which persisted when all bridges (IRR = 0.39; 95% CI = 0.27, 0.55) and all jumping sites (IRR = 0.66; 95% CI = 0.54, 0.80) in the regions were considered. Conclusions. Little or no displacement to other jumping sites may occur after installation of a barrier at an iconic site such as Jacques-Cartier Bridge. A barrier’s design is important to its effectiveness and should be considered for new bridges with the potential to become symbolic suicide sites. PMID:23678905

  1. Deconstruction Literary Theory and a Creative Reading of "The Great Gatsby."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dennis, Deborah; Trotman, Charlene C.

    Through the mid-1980s, resistance to contemporary literary theory (especially Jacques Derrida's philosophy of deconstruction) took the form of a bitter debate that enlivened literary journals and Modern Language Association meetings. The debate continues even today, with traditional literary critics rejecting deconstruction as nihilistic and…

  2. An Act of Methodology: A Document in Madness--Writing Ophelia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinnes, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    This paper is an attempt to stage some questions concerning methodology and education, inspired by Ophelia in Shakespeare's "Hamlet" and by Jacques Derrida's poetic philosophical oeuvres. What are at stake are the long traditions of preferences of sanity over madness, friend over enemy, male over female and of clean, unambiguous univocal language…

  3. Gathering of Human Intelligence in Counter-Insurgency Warfare: The French Experience During the Battle of Algiers (January - October 1957)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    2002), 151 15 Roger Trinquier, La guerre moderne (Paris: Albin Michel, 1980). 16 Trinquier, La guerre moderne. 17 Jacques Fremeaux, telephone...La bataille d’Alger. Paris: Publisud, 2002  Trinquier, Roger. La guerre moderne. Paris : Albin Michel, 1980.  Vidal-Naquet, Pierre. Face à la

  4. Lacan, Subjectivity and the Task of Mathematics Education Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Tony

    2008-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of subjectivity in the context of mathematics education research. It introduces the psychoanalyst and theorist Jacques Lacan whose work on subjectivity combined Freud's psychoanalytic theory with processes of signification as developed in the work of de Saussure and Peirce. The paper positions Lacan's subjectivity…

  5. The Ethics of the "Real" In Levinas, Lacan, and Buddhism: Pedagogical Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jagodzinski, Jan

    2002-01-01

    Explores the unstated ethics that exist in the silent space between teacher and students, highlighting Emmanuel Levinas, Jacques Lacan, and Buddhism. The paper uses the juxtaposition of west and east to help illuminate ethical pedagogy, and it argues that there is an unknowable dimension which raises the question of ethics in human relations that…

  6. Enjoying God's Death: "The Passion of the Christ" and the Practices of an Evangelical Public

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundberg, Christian

    2009-01-01

    Publics are not simply a product of common attention to texts, but are also animated by an economy of tropes and affects that relies on processes of metonymic connection, metaphorical condensation, and affective investment. Drawing on Jacques Lacan's theory of enjoyment and his treatments of metaphor and metonymy as rhetorical forms, this essay…

  7. Antihumanism in the Humanities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Joel

    1990-01-01

    Analyzes the antihumanistic elements of Jacques Derrida's theory of deconstruction. Argues that the modern French intellectuals, including Foucault, Derrida, and Lacan, have had an antihumanistic effect on the American social sciences and humanities by rejecting the existence of truth, morality, and rationality. (FMW)

  8. Subjectivity as an Unlimited Semiosis: Lacan and Peirce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nordtug, Birgit

    2004-01-01

    The discussion on subjectivity is based on the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan's understanding of subjectivity as constructed in and through language, and the philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce's general ideas of signifying construction as an unlimited sign-exchanging process--the idea of the unlimited semiosis. The article advocates combining…

  9. Aborigines of the Imaginary: Applying Lacan to Aboriginal Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Neil

    2012-01-01

    This paper applies the work of Jacques Lacan, a French psychoanalyst, to decipher the desire of the teacher in Aboriginal education. It argues that the images of Aboriginal people represented in Australian classrooms are effects of the teacher's Imaginary, the Imaginary being one of the three psychoanalytic domains theorised by Lacan over a period…

  10. The Writing Cure: Psychoanalysis, Composition, and the Aims of Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracher, Mark

    Asserting that psychoanalysis and writing instruction have much to offer each other, this book examines the intersection between these two fields and proposes pedagogical uses of psychoanalytic technique for writing instruction. Articulating an approach based on the work of Jacques Lacan, the book shows how a psychoanalytic perspective can offer…

  11. Burke, Nietzsche, Lacan: Three Perspectives on the Rhetoric of Order.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Douglas

    1993-01-01

    Examines the complex relationship between rhetoric and order in the works of Kenneth Burke, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Jacques Lacan. Argues for three differing, yet complementary, views of rhetoric and order, each having a corresponding epistemology and axiology. Concludes with an analysis of the construction of order in Thomas Hobbe's…

  12. Two Cultures, Two Dialogists and Two Intersecting Theories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravenscroft, Lesley

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents some possibilities for applying the linguistic and psychological theories of two dialogists, Mikhail Bakhtin and Jacques Lacan, to the classroom. There is a short summary of how the two theories may interact with each other and then a discussion of their two opposing views of identity formation. Bakhtin was a Russian, coming…

  13. The Public Library, Democracy and Rancière's Poetics of Politics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huzar, Timothy Jozef

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: This paper applies the thought of Jacques Rancière to the concept of democracy as it is traditionally understood in library studies literature. Methods: The paper reviews a cross-section of instances of the link between democracy and the public library in library studies literature. It offers a close textual analysis of Michael…

  14. Problematizing Knowledge-Power Relationships: A Rancièrian Provocation for Music Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanellopoulos, Panagiotis A.

    2016-01-01

    This paper suggests a framework for re-thinking the relationships between power and knowledge in music education. Informed by Jacques Rancière's notion of equality it explores how a dialectic between knowledge/mastery and ignorance/equality effects a rupture in the canonical relationships between knowledge and authority. Further, and based on a…

  15. Nuclear workers organize second maxi-marathon

    SciTech Connect

    Lourdais, J.P.

    1996-12-31

    The second Maxi-Marathon for the defense of the environment organized by the World Council of Nuclear Workers will take place on May 9 and 10, 1997 between Paris and Brussels. this second running, the runners will hand over to Jacques Santer, President of the European Commission, a manifesto reminding the European Union of the advantages of nuclear energy.

  16. Aesthetics, Affect, and Educational Politics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Means, Alex

    2011-01-01

    This essay explores aesthetics, affect, and educational politics through the thought of Gilles Deleuze and Jacques Ranciere. It contextualizes and contrasts the theoretical valences of their ethical and democratic projects through their shared critique of Kant. It then puts Ranciere's notion of dissensus to work by exploring it in relation to a…

  17. Taking It Personally: Reading Derrida's Responses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dasenbrock, Reed Way

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the poststructural impulse to displace authority over texts and their meanings from the author. Questions whether poststructuralists practice an anti-intentionalist impersonalism regarding their own writings. Describes the reactions of Jacques Derrida to readings of his own work by other critics. (HB)

  18. "Hospes": The Wabash Center as a Site of Transformative Hospitality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Carolyn M.

    2007-01-01

    The Wabash Center for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion is a place of hospitality and its staff the epitome of the "good host." This essay explores the meaning of hospitality, including its problematic dimensions, drawing on a number of voices and texts: Jacques Derrida's "Of Hospitality"; Henri M. Nouwen's "Reaching Out: The Three…

  19. Critical Thinking and the Question of Critique: Some Lessons from Deconstruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biesta, Gert J. J.; Stams, Geert Jan J. M.

    2001-01-01

    Provides some philosophical groundwork for contemporary debates about the idea of critical thinking. Discusses three styles of critique: critical dogmatism, transcendental critique (Karl-Otto Apel), and deconstruction (Jacques Derrida). Argues that while transcendental critique is able to solve some of the problems of the dogmatic approach to…

  20. Aporias, Responsibility, and the Im/possibility of Teaching Multicultural Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Hongyu

    2005-01-01

    Drawing upon Jacques Derrida's notions of aporia and responsibility, this essay discusses the dilemmas of multicultural education and the pedagogical responsibility of multicultural educators. Derrida emphasizes that there is no responsibility without experiencing aporia as the possibility of the impossible. To promote personal transformation and…

  1. On the Borders: The Arrival of Irregular Immigrants in Malta--Some Implications for Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercieca, Duncan

    2007-01-01

    This paper concerns the issue of the continual arrival of irregular immigrants in Malta and the problems that ensue. The view generally held is that we need to respond to the needs of irregular immigrants by providing services. However, with reference to some of Jacques Derrida's ideas, I argue in this paper that the "other"/immigrant is…

  2. Deconstruction as Narrative Interruption

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert-Walsh, James

    2007-01-01

    Because of the way it prioritizes "interruption" and calls into question the very possibility of producing coherent, self-contained narratives, the deconstructive work of Jacques Derrida is often thought to be intrinsically anti-narrative in its very structure; and yet there are those who insist that, to the contrary, deconstruction is a narrative…

  3. Education as Humanism of the Other

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarc, Aparna Mishra

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores how educators might intervene in canonized texts of the human subject on which a particular and exclusive kind of humanism rests. In imagining possible interventions educators might make, I turn to and trace Jacques Derrida's on-going deconstruction of the philosophical texts of subjectivity. In his body of work, Derrida…

  4. Deconstruction in the Composition Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Jean

    1999-01-01

    Argues that postmodern language theory offers useful insights into long-standing writing problems encountered by writing instructors. Discusses a postmodern view of language, how language shapes reality, the contributions of Jacques Derrida, and deconstruction and composition. Applies these ideas to two pedagogical ideologies, and suggests some…

  5. The History of the Present: Towards a Contemporary Phenomenology of the School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peim, Nick

    2001-01-01

    Discusses phenomenology as it relates to the theory that radical distinction cannot be sustained for subject and object, based on our perceptions of the factors involved. Focuses on Michel Foucault's philosophy and Jacques Derrida's anti-essentialist phenomenology. States that potential exists for rethinking the politics of theory in education.…

  6. Knowledge and the Curriculum: Derrida, Deconstruction and "Sustainable Development"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winter, Christine

    2007-01-01

    This paper enquires into curriculum knowledge about sustainable development at advanced level in geography in English schools through a critical look at two concepts. The deconstructive perspective used is drawn from Jacques Derrida. The focus is on school knowledge and responsibility to other ways of knowing that may be neglected within…

  7. The "Becoming-Philosophy" as a Foreign Language: Rereading Deleuze and Derrida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Immanuel

    2008-01-01

    This paper will revisit French theorists, Gilles Deleuze and Jacques Derrida, on the notion of the future of philosophy. Although their approaches to the future ("devenir" [to become] for Deleuze and "a venir" [to come] for Derrida) of philosophy may differ, I will argue that their differences allow for a space of congruence and continuity in the…

  8. Sophocles' "Oedipus Rex": A Deconstructive Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akhter, Javed; Muhammad, Khair; Naz, Naila

    2015-01-01

    Jacques Derrida (1930-2004) is the most prominent figure in contemporary philosophical and literary debate. He originates a trend-breaking theory of deconstruction. He opines the persistence in west European philosophical tradition of what he labels is logocentric metaphysics of presence. He argues that the different theories of philosophy, from…

  9. Freeze, Wait, Reanimate: Cryonic Suspension and Science Fiction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoffstall, Grant

    2010-01-01

    This essay takes as its chief point of departure Jacques Ellul's contention that imaginative treatments of malevolent technology in antitechnological science fiction, by way of inviting rejection, refusal, dismissal, or condemnation, conspire in facilitating human acceptance of and adjustment to technology as it otherwise presently is. The author…

  10. At the Intersection between the Subject and the Political: A Contribution to an Ongoing Discussion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pais, Alexandre

    2016-01-01

    The issue of subjectivity has recently occasioned a lively discussion in this journal opposing socioculturalism and Lacanian psychoanalysis. By confronting Luis Radford's cultural theory with Jacques Lacan's psychoanalysis, Tony Brown sought to show the limitations of socioculturalism. This article takes advantage of that discussion to develop a…

  11. Thanatos and Civilization: Lacan, Marcuse, and the Death Drive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    During the 1950s and 1960s two thinkers, Herbert Marcuse and Jacques Lacan, were conducting a "return to Freud" for very similar reasons. If the differences between them are often advertised, their affinities are less so. In this article, I examine how their "return to Freud" and fidelity to psychoanalysis serves as a common ground to read each in…

  12. Psychologizing and the Anti-Psychologist: Dewey, Lacan, and Contemporary Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Beth A.

    2012-01-01

    Art education throughout the 20th and into the 21st century has drawn on both psychology and psychoanalysis to support approaches to teaching and learning in the arts. This article examines the concept of "psychologizing" as it appears in the writing of psychologist/philosopher John Dewey (1859-1952) and psychiatrist/psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan…

  13. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 11.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-11-30

    language, and linguistics with a Matignon. M. Jean -Jacques Servan-Schrieber pilot project in Marseilles, France. Third, was appointed chief executive...at forefront of the tiscipline at the Univ. of MIT under the direction of Professor Seymour Geneva, where Piaget did his fundamental Papert. The

  14. Open File: Education in Asia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ordonez, Victor, Ed.; Maclean, Rupert, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This collection of scholarly essays on comparative education is divided into four sections. The first section, Viewpoints/Controversies, contains the essay "Educational Policies and Contents in Developing Countries" (Jacques Hallak). The second section, Open File: Education in Asia, contains the following essays: "Some Current…

  15. The Question in Educational Leadership: For Whom and for What Are We Responsible?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    Jacques Derrida wrote about democratic leadership in educational institutions throughout his later work, but in this article the author notes the importance of Derrida's essays published as "Eyes of the University" (2004). Derrida begins by returning to questions raised by Immanuel Kant two centuries earlier with regard to the founding of the…

  16. Alexander Meiklejohn in Search of Freedom and Dignity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Tony W.

    1982-01-01

    Assesses the contributions of the philosopher/educator Alexander Meiklejohn. Discusses the influences of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and the U.S. Constitution on Meiklejohn's educational theories, which stressed that human freedom and dignity can be enhanced by rigorous examination of U.S. Supreme Court decisions and the meaning of…

  17. The Flemish Bastard and the Former Indians: Metis and Identity in Seventeenth-Century New York

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Midtrod, Tom Arne

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the lives of three children of Dutch men and Mohawk women: the Mohawk leader Smits Jan and the siblings Jacques van Slyck and Hilletie van Olinda of the Dutch village of Schenectady. In recent years several historians have examined how cross-cultural settings enabled people to reshape their identities. William Hart sees the…

  18. Dissenting with Queer Theory: Reading Rancière Queerly

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greteman, Adam J.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author looks to the work of Jacques Rancière to engage the possibilities in dissensus in queer theory in education. Fatigued of Foucault, bored with Butler, disdainful of Derrida and dumbfounded by Deleuze and Guattari, and just generally tired of feeling bullied into citing particular people and not others, the author…

  19. DEFECTS IN CERVICAL VERTEBRAE IN BORIC ACID-EXPOSED RAT EMBRYOS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH ANTERIOR SHIFTS OF HOX GENE EXPRESSION DOMAINS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Defects in cervical vertebrae in boric acid-exposed rat embryos are associated with anterior shifts of hox gene expression domains

    Nathalie Wery,1 Michael G. Narotsky,2 Nathalie Pacico,1 Robert J. Kavlock,2 Jacques J. Picard,1 AND Francoise Gofflot,1*
    1Unit of Developme...

  20. Pure National Security Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    Review of Indices Used in Intensive Care‖. In Applied Physiology in Intensive Care Medicine edited by Göran Hedenstierna, Jordi Mancebo, Laurent...Jean-Jacques. The Social Contract. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1988. Salehyan, Idean. Rebels Without Borders: Transnational Insurgencies in World

  1. The Growth of Democratic Tradition: The Age of Enlightenment. Tenth Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosa, Marie A.

    This lesson plan begins with an overview of the age of enlightenment and those ideas that influenced the founders of the United States. The lesson plan provides information sheets about five enlightenment thinkers: John Locke (1632-1704), Mary Wolstonecraft (1759-1898), Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755), Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1788), and John…

  2. Pedagogies of Hauntology in History Education: Learning to Live with the Ghosts of Disappeared Victims of War and Dictatorship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zembylas, Michalinos

    2013-01-01

    Michalinos Zembylas examines how history education can be reconceived in terms of Jacques Derrida's notion of "hauntology," that is, as an ongoing conversation with the "ghost"--in the case of this essay, the ghosts of disappeared victims of war and dictatorship. Here, Zembylas uses hauntology as both metaphor and pedagogical methodology for…

  3. Education as Seance: Specters, Spirits, and the Expansion of Memory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruitenberg, Claudia

    2009-01-01

    In this essay I propose that education be conceived as seance: a place where ghosts are summoned in order that we may come to (speaking) terms with them. Against the backdrop of my own summoning of the ghosts haunting my childhood visits to a nearby castle, I draw on the work of Jacques Derrida to provide a theoretical rationale for the importance…

  4. Non-Invasive NIR Sensor for Quantification of Deep Tissue Oxygenation. Phase 1.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-10-01

    be determined by differential absorption spectroscopy using two wavelengths, 0/oSat- ga(, l)/p[a(X2)I [ Hielscher , et al., 1993; Haida and Chance...Biol 345:829-35, 1994. Hielscher AH, Tittel FK, and Jacques SL: Non-invasive monitoring of blood oxygenation by phase resolved transmission spectroscopy

  5. International Reports on Literacy Research: France and Argentina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malloy, Jacquelynn A., Comp.; Botzakis, Stergios, Comp.

    2006-01-01

    This is a compilation of two separate reports on international literacy research from France and Argentina. In the reports from France, research correspondent Jacques Fijalkow detailed three research projects that included the following: (1) A description of adult literacy skills; (2) An investigation of how study-abroad students were integrated…

  6. SE Capstone Project: Building Systems Engineering Education and Workforce Capacity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-01

    www.SERCuarc.org Auburn University Faculty: David Umphress, Drew Hamilton , Alice Smith Prototypes: Four teams developed four different prototypes...Air Force Institute of Technology: David Jacques Auburn University: David Umphress, Alice Smith, John Hamilton Missouri University of Science and

  7. Emancipation, Equality and Education: Ranciere's Critique of Bourdieu and the Question of Performativity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelletier, Caroline

    2009-01-01

    Jacques Rancire's work has had significant impact in philosophy and literary theory, but remains largely undiscussed in the field of education. This article is a review of the relevance of Rancire's work to education research. Rancire's argument about education emerges from his critique of Bourdieu, which states that Bourdieu reinforces inequality…

  8. The Ignorant Facilitator: Education, Politics and Theatre in Co-Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lev-Aladgem, Shulamith

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the book "The Ignorant Schoolmaster: Five Lessons in Intellectual Emancipation" by the French philosopher, Jacques Rancière. Its intention is to study the potential contribution of this text to the discourse of applied theatre (theatre in co-communities) in general, and the role of the facilitator in particular. It…

  9. Opening Philosophy to the World: Derrida and Education in Philosophy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burik, Steven

    2009-01-01

    In this essay, Steven Burik discusses Jacques Derrida's position with regard to the place of education in philosophy within the university system, and then relates these thoughts to comparative philosophy. Philosophers find themselves constantly having to defend philosophy and the importance of teaching philosophy against pressure from the powers…

  10. "The Ignorant Schoolmaster": Jacotot/Rancière on Equality, Emancipation and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukhopadhyay, Rahul; Narayanan, Varadarajan

    2014-01-01

    Jacques Rancière (born 1940), much like his contemporary Michel Foucault, has an academic oeuvre that defies neat classification within established disciplinary boundaries. This is due to the cross-disciplinary nature of his work, with a strong orientation towards history and philosophy. Although he trained as a philosopher (studying with Louis…

  11. Toward the sociopolitical in science education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tolbert, Sara; Bazzul, Jesse

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, we explore how Jacques Rancière's (The ignorant schoolmaster: five lessons in intellectual emancipation. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1991) notions of radical equality and dissensus reveal horizons for activism and sociopolitical engagement in science education theory, research, and practice. Drawing on Rochelle Gutiérrez' (J Res Math Educ 44(1):37-68, 2013a. doi: 10.5951/jresematheduc.44.1.0037; J Urban Math Educ 6(2):7-19, b) "sociopolitical turn" for mathematics education, we identify how the field of science education can/is turning from more traditional notions of equity, achievement and access toward issues of systemic oppression, identity and power. Building on the conversation initiated by Lorraine Otoide who draws from French philosopher Jacques Rancière to experiment with a pedagogy of radical equality, we posit that a sociopolitical turn in science education is not only imminent, but necessary to meet twenty-first century crises.

  12. Introduction to Magneto-Fluid-Dynamics for Aerospace Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-07-08

    Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam, 1950). [5] P. Mazur and I. Prigogine, Contribution à la Thermodynamique de la Matière dans un Champ Électromagnétique...R. Szymanik, Thermodynamics of Nonequilibrium Processes (Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland, 1976). [38] L. Napolitano, Thermodynamique ...Sons, New York, 1985). [67] I. Prigogine, Introduction à la Thermodynamique des Processus Irréversibles (Éditions Jacques Gabay, Paris, 1996). [68] L

  13. Hypersonic-Flow Governing Equations with Electromagnetic Files

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    Amsterdam, 1950. [5] P. Mazur, I. Prigogine, Contribution à la thermodynamique de la matière dans un champ électromagnétique, Memoires de l’Academie...Ferrohydrodynamics, Dover Publications, New York NY, 1997, first published in 1985 by Cambridge University Press. [39] L. Napolitano, Thermodynamique ...Sons, New York NY, 1985. [69] I. Prigogine, Introduction à la Thermodynamique des Processus Irréversibles, Éditions Jacques Gabay, Paris, 1996. [70

  14. A Cultural Resesources Overview and Reconnaissance Survey of Two Dry Reservoirs, Tazewell County, Illinois,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    crew in Fondulac Dam Park. Documentary Sources A documentary search was conducted in order to obtain site-specific information and to establish a...Illinois River valley, the Historic period began in 1673 when the French explorer Jolliet, accompanied by the Jesuit missionary Jacques Marquette returned...Indians at Peoria already had French trade goods, including some guns ( Jesuit Relations Vol. 59:86- 163). Seven years later, La Salle and his men built

  15. Cultural Resources Literature Search and Records Review - Upper Mississippi River Basin. Volume 12. Bibliography.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    Historical. Society of Iowa, Iowa City. MARQUETTE, JACQUES 1900 Jesuit Relations, 1673-77, Thwaites Edition, Vol. 59. Cleveland. MARRYAT, CAPTAIN...Historical Collections 13:247-270. State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison. 1896-1901 The Jesuit relations and allied documents. 73 vols...7-12. La Crosse County Historical Society, La Crosse. VEXLER, ROBERT I. and WILLIAM F. SWINDLER, eds. 1978a Chronology and documentary handbook of

  16. Collective Problem Solving through Coordination in a Society of Reactive Agents

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-01

    and Muller, editors, Decentralized AI 2. Elsevier, North-Holland, 1991. [14] Alexis Drogoul and Christophe Dubreuil. A distributed approach to n-puzzle...213-253, 1980. [17] Jacques Ferber and Alexis Drogoul . Using reactive multi-agent systems in simulation and problem solving. In Distributed...the behavior of simple agents. Application of EPS to classical planning problems in the blocks world was demonstrated. Drogoul applied EPS model to the

  17. Naval Doctrine Publication 6. Naval Command and Control.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-05-01

    l’audace, et toujours de l’audace!" (Au- dacity, and again audacity, and always audacity!) - Georges Jacques Danton French Revolutionary Leader, 1792...the right time. "A good plan violently executed now is better than a perfect plan next week." - General George S. Patton, Jr., U.S. Army One theory of...1972). Marshall, S.L.A. Men Against Fire: The Problem of Battle Command in Future War. (Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1978). Orr, George E., Maj, USAF

  18. Bibliography on Ceramic Matrix Composites and Reinforcing Whiskers, Platelets, and Fibers, 1970-1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-08-01

    Pigott, G. H. Shalek, P D. Hurley, G F Pinto , P. J. Christiansen, D. E. Parkinson, W J J. Mater. Sci. Lett. Katz, J. D. 7 (4), 350-352, 1988 Metal Matrix...of Silicon Carbide-Silicon Carbide Materials Edited by A. R. Bunsell, Abbe, Francois Chermant, Jean -Louis P. Lamicq and A. Massiah J. Am. Ceram. Soc...Babonneau, Florence Livage, Jacques Zirconium Diboride and Tantalum Carbide Soraru, Gian D. Carturan. G Carbon Composites Mackenzie, J. D. Starrett, H

  19. Sub-Saharan Africa Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-03-23

    Farms Over Peasant Farming (SOUTHERN AFRICA FOCUS, Feb 87) 69 SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE Pinto da Costa Reshuffles Cabinet, Creates New Ministries...Voting Slated 134 ECONOMIC Statistics Reveal Shortage of Engineering Graduates (Mandy Jean Woods; BUSINESS DAY, 10 Feb 87) 135 Self-Help Projects...Ocean Newsletter. It is not certain that Jacques Chirac’s government is excessively worried, satisfied as it is at having secured a modus vivendi

  20. West Europe Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-26

    Assurance Displayed, by Antonio Pinto Leite 42 Victory Over PRD 43 Briefs Madeira-South Africa Cooperation in Health 45 TURKEY Prime Minister Ozal’s...Personalities, Activities, by Jean Qoaquen 82 Corbeville Central Laboratory 92 PORTUGAL Virgilio de Carvalho; DIARIO DE NOTICIAS, 14 Apr 87...Green Party), as well as a few notoriously critical party colleagues, among whom Wim Meijer, Jacques Wallage, Hedy d’Ancona and Hans Kombrink. It

  1. An I for an Eye: Personal Narrative and the Great War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-10

    past; philosophers as diverse as Jacques Derrida and Paul Ricoeur speak of language and discourse as fundamental structures of consciousness, a view...1980. Lyotard, Jean -Francois. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Theory and History of Literature, 10. Trans. Geoff Bennington and...March Away: Poems of the First World War. London: Chatto & Windus, 1968. Pinto , V de S. Crisis in English Poetry, 1880-1940. London: Hutchinson, 1951

  2. West Europe Report No. 2156

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Then there is Jean - Jacques Servan-Schreiber who is said to favor this protectionist policy, behind the shelter of customs barriers. There are also...SANOMAT, 8 May 83 ) 89 FRANCE PCF’s Jerome on His Activities, 20th Soviet Congress, Solidarity ( Jean Jerome Interview; LE MATIN, 21 Apr 83...meeting place on bicycles, on foot and only in moderate numbers by car. Plaid shirts and jeans gave a somewhat [word missing] impres- sion of the youth

  3. Addressing Modeling Challenges in Cyber-Physical Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-04

    A. Lee and Eleftherios Matsikoudis. The semantics of dataflow with firing. In Grard Huet, Gordon Plotkin, Jean - Jacques Lévy, and Yves Bertot...Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, 20(3), 2001. [12] Luca P. Carloni, Roberto Passerone, Alessandro Pinto , and Alberto Sangiovanni...gst/fullpage.html?res= 9504EFDA1738F933A2575AC0A9679C8B63. 20 [15] Abhijit Davare, Douglas Densmore, Trevor Meyerowitz, Alessandro Pinto , Alberto

  4. International Neural Network Society Annual Meeting (1994) Held in San Diego, California on 5-9 June 1994. Volume 4

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-09

    Jacques Mehler, Emmanuel Dupoux, and Juan Segui. Constraining models of lexical access: the onset of word recognition. In Gerry T. M. Altmann, editor...Network for Speech Encryption and Filtering Jean ROUAT, Fang HE and Daniel AUDET, D6pt. des Sc. Appl., Univ. du Qu bec A Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, Qu6bec...and Pinto -Hamuy and Linck [241 on the performance of movement sequences by frontally damaged monkeys. These data, to be described below, show that

  5. 1997 International Semiconductor Device Research Symposium (4th) Proceedings, Held in Charlottesville, Virginia on December 10-13, 1997

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    Matagne1𔃼, Jean -Pierre Leburton1 Jacques Destine2, Guy Cantraine2 1Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Urbana, IL 61820...PROCESSES R. Peter Smith, Suzanne C. Martin, Moonil Kim, Jean Bruston, Imran Mehdi, Dexter Humphrey, Michael Gaidis, Neal Erickson*, and Peter H...SEV/VSE, Feb. 1981 G. Galup-Montoro, M. Schneider, S. Acosta, R. Pinto , Proc. Brazilian Microelectronics Conference SBMICRO󈨤,1996. A. Cunha, O

  6. Proceedings of the Annual Acquisition Research Symposium (7th), Acquisition Research: Creating Synergy for Informed Change 12-13 May 2010. Volume 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-30

    date, the shortest service was by Godwin, who served 12 months (September 1986–September 1987), and the longest service was by Jacques Gansler, who... Pinto (Eds.), The Wiley guide to project organization & project management competencies (pp. 143-167). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley...defense acquisition research program. In D.P. Slevin, J.K. Pinto & D.I. Cleland (Eds.), The frontiers of project management research (pp. xii

  7. JPRS Report West Europe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    in French 8 Jul 88 pp 40-41 [Article by Jacques Gevers: "The Optimistic Mandarin"] [Text] Bourgeois childhood and social fiber, loyalty to Marx and...recently tabled by the govern- ment. Flanked by the two ministers of institutional reforms, Philippe Moureaux and Jean Luc Dehaene, he then presented the...executive and its shift to a proportional system. As for Jean Luch Dehaene, he particularly stressed the need for cooperation among the various levels of

  8. The Global Positioning System: Assessing National Policies,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    WASSEM • MONICA PINTO CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES INSTITUTE RAND The research described in this report was supported by RAND’s Critical...MONICA PINTO Prepared for the Executive Office of the President Office of Science and Technology Policy CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES INSTITUTE RAND...National Research Council Committee on the Future of the Global Positioning System, Washington, D.C., July 28-30,1994. Barbier, Jacques , and Thierry

  9. Twenty-Sixth Symposium (International) on Combustion, Volume 1.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-04-01

    of Technology Prof. Jean Hertzberg, University of Colorado Dr. M. Hertzberg, Lock Haven University Dr. Gunnar Heskestad, Factory Mutual Research...Univ Catholique de Louvain Prof. Uri Vandsburger, Virginia Polytechnic Institute Dr. Jean -Pierre Vantelon, Universite de Poitiers Dr. Philip...Scientific Pub- lishing Co., Singapore, 1994. 22. a) Ionov, S., Bruckner, G. A., Jacques , C, Valachovic, L., and Wittig, C, J. Chem. Phys. 97:9486-9489

  10. Computer Modeling of Complete IC Fabrication Process.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    Venson Shaw 10. C. S. Chang 11. Elizabeth Batson 12. Richard Pinto 13. Jacques Beauduoin SPEAKERS: 1. Tayo Akinwande 2. Dimitri Antoniadis 3. Walter...Numerical Model of Polysilicon Emitter Contacts in Bipolar Transistors,’ To be published IEEE Trans. Electron Devices. [34] M. R. Pinto , R. W. Dutton...Received PhD, Spring 1082) Balaji Swaminathan (Received PhD, Spring 1983) Len Mei Research Associate Michael Kump Research Assistant Mark Pinto Research

  11. JPRS Report, Africa, (Sub-Sahara).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-08-31

    Jean - Jacques Harinjatovo, expressed his pleasure at the excellent relations between the RDM and the GDR, particularly in the cultural and...Party Presses for Exclusive Rights for Whites (THE WINDHOEK ADVERTISER, 16 Jul 87; SOWETAN, 22 Jul 87) 91 Annual Congress Elects Pretorius, by Jean ...director of that military educational institution, Maj Cesar Pinto Mateus,held a press conference, at which he emphasized the importance of training

  12. V/STOL Rotary Propulsor Noise Prediction Model Update and Evaluation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-12-01

    apparent from the above equation that for the theoretical case for s1ngle frequencies (i. e., tones) the AdB varies from - a (full cancellation) to +6...Noise as Observed on and Jacques the Bertin Aerotrain July 1976 JSV 54(2) 3) Hoch, Berthelot Use of the Bertin Aerotrain for the Investigation July 1976...Marsh Background for Theoretical Equations Used to May 1976 Calculate Atmospheric Absorption’ of Sound Prepared for Working Group SI-57 American

  13. Coast of the East Siberian Sea, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Sea ice is pulling away from the coastline of northeastern Siberia in the east Siberia Sea. This true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from May 26, 2002, also the thinning of ice in bays and coves, and the blue reflection of the water from beneath causes the ice to appear bright blue. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  14. Flooding of the Ob and Irtysh Rivers, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This pair of true- and false-color images shows flooding along the Ob' (large east-west running river) and Irtysh (southern tributary of the Ob') on July 7, 2002. In the false-color image, land surfaces are orange-gold and flood waters are black or dark blue. Fires are marked with red dots in both images. Rivers Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  15. Exploitation of Unintentional Information Leakage from Integrated Circuits

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    variations in computation time —the effect of which is to leak information about the value of the key. Kocher’s attack is based on analysis of 156 this...intrusive analysis of smart-cards based on electro-magnetic emissions, the SEMA and DEMA methods . Rump session of Eurocrypt, 2000. QS01. Jean-Jacques...22 2.5 Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.5.1 Timing Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.5.2

  16. KAM Tori Construction Algorithms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    Akad . Nauk . SSSR , 98:469, January 1954. [5] Jacques Laskar. Introduction to frequency map analysis. In C. Simo, editor, Hamiltonian Systems with...Laboratory, AMRL 1034:1–20, 1971. [4] A.N. Kolmogorov. On the conservation of conditionally periodic motions under small perturbations of the hamiltonian. Dokl ...Soc., 244:634–645, January 1990. [8] J.K. Moser. On invariant curves of an area preserving mapping of an annulus. Nachr. Akad . Wiss. Göttingen, Math

  17. Report of the Secretary of Defense Task Force on DoD Nuclear Weapons Management. Phase 1. The Air Force’s Nuclear Mission

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    AUTHOR( S ) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) Secretary of Defense,Task Force on...SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM( S ) 11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER( S ) 12. DISTRIBUTION...The Honorable J. D. Crouch II The Honorable Jacques S . Gansler Admiral Edmund P. Giambastiani, Jr., USN (Ret) The Honorable John J. Hamre

  18. Concepts. The Journal of Defense Systems Acquisition Management. Winter 1981. Volume 4. Number 1.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    efforts are derived and managed. 49 Subsystem Prototyping for Better Weapon Systems; Lieutenant Commander Stuart C. Karon , USN The author contends that...10. Jacques S. Gansler, "A New Dimension in the Acquisition Process," Defense Systems Manage- ment Review, Autumn 1977. 11. James B. Lincoln...innovation in the systems ac- quisition process. -A Subsystem Prototyping for 49 Better Weapon Systems ILieutenant Commander Stuart C. Karon , USN Navy

  19. In pursuit of the practice of radical equality: Rancière inspired pedagogical inquiries in elementary school science education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Otoide, Lorraine

    2016-01-01

    This article outlines a study of praxis. Inspired by my reading of Jacques Rancière's (The ignorant schoolmaster: Five lessons in intellectual emancipation, trans. K. Ross, Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1991) influential text, The Ignorant School Master, I explore the practical applications of his work for teaching and outline a pedagogical response that sought to effect educational change through a philosophically driven teacher inquiry.

  20. The Trouble with History

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    regards, the post-structuralist theories of Michel Foucault, the deconstruc- tionist notions of Jacques Derrida , and Dominick LaCapra’s techniques of...is closer to fiction than nonfiction. Indeed, they have a point. Compare: Frank Ankersmit, “Historiography and Postmodernism ,” History and Theory, 28...Historiography in the Twentieth Century: From Scientific Objectivity to the Postmodern Challenge (Hanover, N.H.: Wesleyan Univ. Press, 1997) and Evans

  1. Ellen Weaver, Biologist

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    Ellen Weaver, an associate professor of biology from California State University is shown developing instrumentation to be used in satellites for ocean monitoring. In the early 1970s, NASA researchers and ocean explorer Jacques Cousteau formed a team to study productivity of the sea. The team devised a sensor system to monitor ocean temperatures and chlorophyll levels by aircraft. This sensor was used in the satellite communication and weather equipment provided by NASA to assist in the accuracy of satellite observation.

  2. China’s Manned Space Program: Sun Tzu or Apollo Redux

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-01

    space can be found in Daniel Gonzales, The Changing Role of the U.S. Military in Space, MR-85-AF (Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND, 1999); Roger Handberg, New...shuttle and other space programs as well. 13. Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, The American Challenge (New York: Avon Books, 1967); Roger Williams...stop it, even putting armed guards at some facilities. 22. His name is sometimes spelled Chien Hsue- shen, or Tsien Hsueshen. 23. See the description in

  3. PubMed Central

    Auger, P.; Pouliot, B.; De Grâce, M.; Milot, C.; Lafortune, M.; Bergeron, Z.

    1981-01-01

    An outbreak of bacillary dysentery in 1978 affecting 928 persons, most of whom were living in the village of St-Jacques, PQ, is described. An epidemiologic study suggested the water supply as the source of the infection, and it was established that the water carried by the municipal aqueduct was contaminated by feces containing the causal agent, Shigella sonnei. This epidemic, the largest mentioned in he Canadian medical literature, demonstrates how contagious this infection is. PMID:7034919

  4. Trafficking in Persons Report 10th Edition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    prohibits most forms of human trafficking through its 2007 Organic Law on the Right of Women to a Violence-Free Life . Article 56 of this law...www.timmatsui.com 20: REUTERS 21: (left) Jacqueline Abromeit/bigStockPhoto.com 21: ( right ) Environmental Justice Foundation/ www.ejfoundation.org 22: Jacques-Jean...prosecuted, and more instances of this human rights abuse have been pre- vented. Countries that once denied the existence of human trafficking now work

  5. Optimized Flight Path for Localization Using Line of Bearing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-26

    OPTIMIZED FLIGHT PATH FOR LOCALIZATION USING LINE OF BEARING THESIS Namkyu Kim, Captain, Republic of Korea AFIT-ENY-MS-15-M-246 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR...limitations. AFIT-ENY-MS-15-M-246 OPTIMIZED FLIGHT PATH FOR LOCALIZATION USING LINE OF BEARING THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of Aeronautics...LINE OF BEARING THESIS Namkyu Kim, BS Captain, Republic of Korea Committee Membership: Richard G. Cobb, PhD Chair David R. Jacques, PhD Member Matthew

  6. Modeling Reduced Human Performance as a Complex Adaptive System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    impacts human performance in general. It has a degrading effect (Belenky 1994) that can, in certain circumstances, be counteracted with noise ( Loeb 1986...going into design details that have just been described. D. RHPM AND FERBER’S FORMULA Jacques Ferber describes the major elements of a multi...Vocabulary, and its Relation to Organizations." Emergence 1(1): 110-127. Loeb , M. (1986). Noise and Human Efficiency. Chichester, UK, John Wiley

  7. Cumulative Airport Noise Exposure Metrics: An Assessment of Evidence for Time-of-Day Weightings,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-11-01

    effects. Recent reviews show that there is considerable disagreement about the effects of noise on task interference ( Loeb , 1980; Broadbent, 1983...The Response to Railway Noise in Residential Areas in Great Britain. J. Sound Vib., vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 177-255. Francois, Jacques : 1977, La Prise en...F.J. and Buller, I.B.: 1977, Road Traffic Noise and Disturbance to Sleep. J. Sound Vib., vol. 50, no.1, pp. 13-28. Loeb , M.: 1980, Noise and

  8. Cumulative Airport Noise Exposure Metrics: An Assessment of Evidence for Time-of-Day Weightings. Revision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-11-01

    have not consistently shown effects. Recent reviews show that there is considerable disagreement about the effects of noise on task interference ( Loeb ...Response to Railway Noise in Residential Areas in Great Britain. J. Sound Vib. , vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 177-255. Francois, Jacques : 1977, La Prise en...and Buller, I.B.: 1977, Road Traffic Noise and Disturbance to Sleep. J. Sound Vib., vol. 50, no.1, pp. 13-28. Loeb , M.: 1980, Noise and Performance

  9. A Global Hegemon’s Prerogative: The Bush Doctrine of Preemption and the Road to Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    international community to take notice. Even French President Jacques Chirac acknowledged that troop deployments by the United States to the theater had...Ricks, Thomas E and Loeb , Vernon, Bush’s Preemptive Strike Doctrine, Washington Post, June 10, 2002, Pg A01. 33 Evan Thomas, “Bobby at the Brink...ppreempt.html>. Internet. Accessed 13 Oct 2003. Ricks, Thomas E and Loeb , Vernon, Bush’s Preemptive Strike Doctrine, Washington Post, June 10, 2002, Pg

  10. Victoria Land, Ross Sea, and Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    On December 19, 2001, MODIS acquired data that produced this image of Antarctica's Victoria Land, Ross Ice Shelf, and the Ross Sea. The coastline that runs up and down along the left side of the image denotes where Victoria Land (left) meets the Ross Ice Shelf (right). The Ross Ice Shelf is the world's largest floating body of ice, approximately the same size as France. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  11. [Clothes of the HOUSE, or Clothes of REASON? Children's clothing during the Age of Enlightenment].

    PubMed

    Kottek, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    Children's clothing is a subject that forms part of the history of pediatrics. Many studies focus on the ideas developed by Locke and Rousseau. Here we choose to focus our study on an author who is rarely quoted: Jacques Ballexserd (1726-1774), "citizen of Geneva," who is little known to historians of pediatrics. However, George Frederic Still (1868-1941) devotes two pages to his views in his Histoire de la Pédiatrie.

  12. The Role of Innere Fuehrung in German Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    system.”[15] This integration is imperative to achieve legitimacy. Jacques Van Doorn cites Talcott Parsons when he says that “institutions or formal...Ministry of Defense, Berlin, December 30, 2004. 15. Ibid. 16. Talcott Parsons , Structure and Process in Modern Societies (Free Press of Glencoe, Ill...German Ministry of Defense, Berlin, June 14, 2004. “Parliamentary Commissioner for the Armed Forces,” Deutscher Bundestag, Berlin. Parsons , Talcott

  13. Terrorism--A (Self) Love Story: Redirecting the Significance Quest Can End Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kruglanski, Arie W.; Belanger, Jocelyn J.; Gelfand, Michele; Gunaratna, Rohan; Hettiarachchi, Malkanthi; Reinares, Fernando; Orehek, Edward; Sasota, Jo; Sharvit, Keren

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's concepts of self-love ("amour propre") and love of self ("amour de soi meme") are applied to the psychology of terrorism. Self-love is concern with one's image in the eyes of respected others, members of one's group. It denotes one's feeling of personal significance, the sense that…

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China: Energy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    work relates only to direct current. The production of niobium - titanium wires (the most com- mon superconducting alloy) conducting 50 Hz is extremely...Develops Titanium Suicide Semiconductor Technology 35 Research at Sao Paulo University [Sao Paulo O ESTADO DE SAO PAULO, 5 Jan 88] 35 Commercial...In a one-hour geopolitical marathon, Jacques Stern presented a picture of Europe’s strengths and weaknesses in light of the economic challenge of

  15. Phytoplankton off the Coast of Portugal

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A large phytoplankton bloom off of the coast of Portugal can be seen in this true-color image taken on April 23, 2002, by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard NASA's Terra satellite. The bloom is roughly half the size of Portugal and forms a bluish-green cloud in the water. The red spots in northwest Spain denote what are likely small agricultural fires. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  16. Lena River Delta and East Siberian Sea

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The winter sea ice in the east Siberian Sea is looking a bit like a cracked windshield in these true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images from June 16 and 23, 2002. North of the thawing tundra, the sea ice takes on its cracked, bright blue appearance as it thins, which allows the reflection of the water to show through. Numerous still-frozen lakes dot the tundra. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  17. East Siberian Sea, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The winter sea ice in the east Siberian Sea is looking a bit like a cracked windshield in these true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images from June 16 and 23, 2002. North of the thawing tundra, the sea ice takes on its cracked, bright blue appearance as it thins, which allows the reflection of the water to show through. Numerous still-frozen lakes dot the tundra. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  18. The Strategic Consequences of Using Military Commissions to Adjudicate US Prisoners in the Global War on Terrorism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-05

    April 2007 . 23 Neal K. Katyal and Laurence H. Tribe, “Waging War, Deciding Guilt; Trying the Military Tribunals,” Yale Law Journal, 111 (2002): 1259...94DB404482; Internet; accessed 22 April 2007 . 72 Ibid. 73 Ibid. 23 74 Thom Shanker and Jacques Steinberg , “THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAQ...College, Carlisle Barracks, PA 17013- USAWC CLASS OF 2007 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the

  19. Illumination of Cannon Tube Bore Surfaces for Visual Inspection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-10-01

    OCT 19^0 PRODUCT ASSURANCE DIRECTORATE WATERVLIET ARSENAL WATERVLIET N.Y. 12189 TECHNICAL REPORT AMCMS No. 5397.OM.6350 Pron No. A1- 9 ...JACQUES 8. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBERCs; AMCS NO. 5397.OM.6350 9 . PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS PRODUCT ASSURANCE DIRECTORATE...WATERVLIET ARSENAL WATERVLIET, NY 12189 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT, PROJECT, TASK AREA a WORK UNIT NUMBERS A1- 9 -P6350-AW-M7 11. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME

  20. Cryptographic Postage Indicia,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-01-01

    by National Semiconductor; the Crypta Plus [12] encryption card by Telequip; the CY512i chip from Cylink [1]; and some tamper-proof smart card systems...of these devices are highly portable and exist in PCMCIA or smart card format. We propose that users lease a secure device (private ownership of postal...Guillou, Michel Ugon, and Jean-Jacques Quisquater. The smart card : A standardized security device dedicated to public cryptology. In Gustavus J Simmons

  1. Lake Volta, Ghana

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This true-color image of Lake Volta in Ghana was acquired March 31, 2002 by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). Lake Volta is one of the world's largest artificially created lakes. Lake Volta is actually a reservoir formed from the damming of the Volta River, and extends 250 miles north of the Akosombo Dam. The lake covers an area of 8,482 square km. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  2. Identification of Anthrax Toxin Genes in a Bacillus cereus Associated With An Illness Resembling Inhalation Anthrax

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    Identification of anthrax toxin genes in a Bacillus cereus associated with an illness resembling inhalation anthrax Alex R. Hoffmaster*†, Jacques... Bacillus anthracis is the etiologic agent of anthrax, an acute fatal disease among mammals. It was thought to differ from Bacillus cereus , an...correlation of phenotypic characteristics and their genetic basis. Bacillus cereus and Bacillus anthracis are members of a closelyrelated phylogenetic

  3. Phytoplankton bloom all along the coast of Southeast United States

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    All along the eastern and southern coasts of the United States, marine plants seem impervious to the onslaught of winter weather further north. In this true-color image from January 9, 2002, phytoplankton can be seen growing in the nation's coastal waters; their characteristic blue-green swirls are especially visible off the west coast of Florida. Fire locations are marked with red dots. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  4. The Evolution of the Contract Type Used in Defense Acquisition with a Focus on Major Defense Weapon Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    Fox, 1988 ....36  h.  Affording Defense, by Jacques S. Gansler, 1989...................37  i.  New Weapons, Old Politics, by Thomas L . McNaugher...Acquisition Performance Assessment (DAPA), 2006 ..........................................................................45  l .  John Warner Defense...Defense OT&E Operational Test and Evaluation OUSD (AT& L ) Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics PM

  5. Summary of Research Academic Departments 1991-1992.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-10-01

    Pacific fleet was the victim of a Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault , Jean-Francois presidential conspiracy of silence, it ascribes U.S. Lyotard, Martin...structure during oxidation. A mechanism based upon a net 1.67 D’ALESANDRO, Michele M., Lieutenant electron oxidation has been proposed, involving...electrode during oxidation, effects are mediated by several mechanisms, including (1) increasing macrophage-mediated D’ALESANDRO, Michele M., Lieutenant

  6. International Symposium on Nanostructures: Physics and Technology (10th), held on 17-21 June 2002 at St. Petersburg, Russia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-16

    Université Blaise Pascal Clermont II, CNRS 24 avenue des Landais, 63177 Aubiere Cedex, France Abstract. Photoluminescence of GaN/AlGaN quantum well...EPFL) for the Auger measurements, Pascal Doppelt (ESPCI, Paris) for the synthesis of the precursors, Patrick Seuret, Jacques Weber, and Thomas...Devices 37, 2250 (1990). [8] M. E. Levinshtein, F. Pascal , S. Contreras, W. Knap, S. L. Rumyantsev, R. Gaska, J.W.Yang and M. S. Shur, Appl. Phys. Lett

  7. Adits, Caves, Karizi-Qanats, and Tunnels in Afghanistan: An Annotated Bibliography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-11-30

    Bearden, who headed up the CIA’s Soviet and Eastern European division during the 1980s, is an authority on the Soviet war in Afghanistan. Blaise ...A tentative comparison is made with deposits of lazurite in Russia north of Mongolia which are similar in petrogenesis. Blaise , Jacques, Lardeux H...tectonic maps. Map Scale: 1:2,500,000. Reference includes data from PASCAL , Institute de l’Information Scientifique et Technique, Vandoeuvre-les

  8. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    station, and some claim that external pressures, primarily Israeli, were responsible. The new French manager of the station, Jacques Taka , maintains...Iraq? [Fawzi] Suppose that "Israel" dared and risked an air strike such as the one that it made on the Iraqi nuclear reactor in 1981.1 expect the...separated from the market economy and from the law of profit and loss, turning the right of their ownership, management and guidance to professional

  9. Sulfur plumes off Namibia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Sulfur plumes rising up from the bottom of the ocean floor produce colorful swirls in the waters off the coast of Namibia in southern Africa. The plumes come from the breakdown of marine plant matter by anaerobic bacteria that do not need oxygen to live. This image was acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Terra satellite on April 24, 2002 Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  10. Dislocations and other topological oddities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pieranski, Pawel

    2016-03-01

    We will show that the book Dislocations by Jacques Friedel, published half a century ago, can still be recommended, in agreement with the author's intention, as a textbook ;for research students at University and for students at engineering schools as well as for research engineers;. Indeed, today dislocations are known to occur not only in solid crystals but also in many other systems discovered more recently such as colloidal crystals or liquid crystals having periodic structures. Moreover, the concept of dislocations is an excellent starting point for lectures on topological defects occurring in systems equipped with order parameters resulting from broken symmetries: disclinations in nematic or hexatic liquid crystals, dispirations in chiral smectics or disorientations in lyotropic liquid crystals. The discussion of dislocations in Blue Phases will give us an opportunity to call on mind Sir Charles Frank, friend of Jacques Friedel since his Bristol years, who called these ephemeral mesophases ;topological oddities;. Being made of networks of disclinations, Blue Phases are similar to Twist Grain Boundary (TGB) smectic phases, which are made of networks of screw dislocations and whose existence was predicted by de Gennes in 1972 on the basis of the analogy between smectics and superconductors. We will stress that the book by Jacques Friedel contains seeds of this analogy.

  11. STS-96 crew takes part in payload Interface Verification Test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the SPACEHAB Facility, STS-96 Mission Specialist Valery Tokarev of Russia (left) and Commander Kent Rominger (second from right) listen to Lynn Ashby (far right), with JSC, talking about the SPACEHAB equipment in front of them during a payload Interface Verification Test (IVT). In the background behind Tokarev is TTI interpreter Valentina Maydell. Other STS-96 crew members at KSC for the IVT are Pilot Rick Husband and Mission Specialists Dan Barry, Ellen Ochoa, Tamara Jernigan and Julie Payette. Mission STS-96 carries the SPACEHAB Logistics Double Module, which will have equipment to further outfit the International Space Station service module and equipment that can be off-loaded from the early U.S. assembly flights. It carries internal logistics and resupply cargo for station outfitting, plus an external Russian cargo crane to be mounted to the exterior of the Russian station segment and used to perform space walking maintenance activities. The double module stowage provides capacity of up to 10,000 lbs. with the ability to accommodate powered payloads, four external rooftop stowage locations, four double-rack locations (two powered), up to 61 bulkhead-mounted middeck locker locations, and floor storage for large unique items and Soft Stowage. STS-96 is targeted to launch May 20 about 9:32 a.m.

  12. STS-96 crew takes part in payload Interface Verification Test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the SPACEHAB Facility, the STS-96 crew looks at equipment as part of a payload Interface Verification Test (IVT) for their upcoming mission to the International Space Station . From left are Mission Specialist Ellen Ochoa (behind the opened storage cover ), Commander Kent Rominger, Pilot Rick Husband (holding a lithium hydroxide canister) and Mission Specialists Dan Barry, Valery Tokarev of Russia and Julie Payette. In the background is TTI interpreter Valentina Maydell. The other crew member at KSC for the IVT is Mission Specialist Tamara Jernigan. Mission STS-96 carries the SPACEHAB Logistics Double Module, which has equipment to further outfit the International Space Station service module and equipment that can be off-loaded from the early U.S. assembly flights. The SPACEHAB carries internal logistics and resupply cargo for station outfitting, plus an external Russian cargo crane to be mounted to the exterior of the Russian station segment and used to perform space walking maintenance activities. The double module stowage provides capacity of up to 10,000 lbs. with the ability to accommodate powered payloads, four external rooftop stowage locations, four double-rack locations (two powered), up to 61 bulkhead-mounted middeck locker locations, and floor storage for large unique items and Soft Stowage. STS-96 is targeted to launch May 20 about 9:32 a.m.

  13. STS-96 crew takes part in payload Interface Verification Test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    During a payload Interface Verification Test (IVT) in the SPACEHAB Facility, STS-96 Mission Specialist Valery Tokarev of Russia (second from left) and Commander Kent Rominger learn about the Sequential Shunt Unit (SSU) in front of them from Lynn Ashby (far right), with Johnson Space Center. At the far left looking on is TTI interpreter Valentina Maydell. Other crew members at KSC for the IVT are Pilot Rick Husband and Mission Specialists Ellen Ochoa, Tamara Jernigan, Dan Barry and Julie Payette. The SSU is part of the cargo on Mission STS-96, which carries the SPACEHAB Logistics Double Module, with equipment to further outfit the International Space Station service module and equipment that can be off-loaded from the early U.S. assembly flights. The SPACEHAB carries internal logistics and resupply cargo for station outfitting, plus an external Russian cargo crane to be mounted to the exterior of the Russian station segment and used to perform space walking maintenance activities. The double module stowage provides capacity of up to 10,000 lbs. with the ability to accommodate powered payloads, four external rooftop stowage locations, four double-rack locations (two powered), up to 61 bulkhead-mounted middeck locker locations, and floor storage for large unique items and Soft Stowage. STS-96 is targeted to launch May 20 about 9:32 a.m.

  14. Forty Years of Research on Isolated Galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sulentic, J.

    2010-10-01

    Isolated galaxies have not been a hot topic over the past four decades. This is partly due to uncertainties about their existence. Are there galaxies isolated enough to be interesting? Do they exist in sufficient numbers to be statistically useful? Most attempts to compile isolated galaxy lists were marginally successful-too small number and not very isolated galaxies. If really isolated galaxies do exist then their value becomes obvious in a Universe where effects of interactions and environment (i.e. nurture) are important. They provide a means for better quantifying effects of nurture. The Catalog of Isolated Galaxies (CIG) compiled by Valentina Karachentseva appeared near the beginning of the review period. It becomes the focus of this review because of its obvious strengths and because the AMIGA project has increased its utility through a refinement (a vetted CIG). It contains almost 1000 galaxies with nearest neighbor crossing times of 1--3 Gyr. It is large enough to serve as a zero-point or control sample. The galaxies in the CIG (and the distribution of galaxy types) may be significantly different than those in even slightly richer environments. The AMIGA-CIG, and future iterations, may be able to tell us something about galaxy formation. It may also allow us to better define intrinsic (natural) correlations like e.g. Fisher-Tully and FIR-OPTICAL. Correlations can be better defined when the dispersion added by external stimuli (nurture) is minimized or removed.

  15. Providing innovative solutions in a single pill: Servier's portfolio in hypertension.

    PubMed

    Mourad, Jean-Jacques; Guillerm, Jean-Christophe

    2016-09-01

    Jean-Jacques Mourad & Jean-Christophe Guillerm speak to Henry Ireland, Drug Evaluation Editor: Jean-Jacques Mourad talks about his vision of the current landscape and unmet medical needs in the field of hypertension. Jean-Christophe Guillerm describes the family of antihypertensive treatments from Servier, which were designed to address the current challenges in the management of hypertension by providing an adapted solution to doctors and to the specific needs of each patient. Jean-Jacques Mourad currently works as Professor of Medicine and is the Head of the Hypertension Unit at the Hôpital Avicenne in Bobigny, France. He completed his academic degrees at the Pierre and Marie Curie University, Paris VI in the field of internal and vascular medicine in 1996, and in the area of cardiovascular medicine and pharmacology in 2001. He is the past president of the French League Against Hypertension (since 2012), and the former General Secretary of the French Microcirculation Society. He is the actual Scientific Secretary of the French Society of Hypertension. He is also a member of the administrative council of the Collège Français de Pathologie Vasculaire. His research focuses on the epidemiology of hypertension, arterial structure and function, determinants of adherence to chronic treatment and the effects of antihypertensive agents. He was involved in several studies and surveys. He is a co-author of more than 130 publications and of 900 communications presented at national and international meetings. Jean-Christophe Guillerm, joined the pharmaceutical industry 17 years ago. He is currently the Head of the Cardiovascular Division for Servier, in charge of both cardiology and hypertension's medical strategy at a global level. Prior to this, he was in charge of the diabetes and internal medicine franchise at a global level. He also has experience in French commercial operations.

  16. Trace and transference: therapy in a post-structuralist era.

    PubMed

    Appleby, Brian S

    2008-01-01

    As leader of the deconstruction movement, Jacques Derrida has had a profound effect on modern thinking. In this article, the author applies Derridean concepts to psychotherapy. Using the concepts of trace and differance, identity and therapeutic relationships are described. Transference and countertransference are regarded as traces, resulting in a breakdown of the therapist/patient dichotomy. Using the Derridean notion of "play" and "dissemination" opens psychotherapeutic options that allow the patient to explore how meaning is derived in his/her life. Questions of how feelings and behaviors are constructed are also examined. In summary, a deconstructive therapeutic approach results in an array of freedom and possibilities.

  17. A Non-Intuitionist's Approach To The Interpretation Problem Of Quantum Mechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grelland, Hans Herlof

    2005-02-01

    A philosophy of physics called "linguistic empiricism" is presented and applied to the interpretation problem of quantum mechanics. This philosophical position is based on the works of Jacques Derrida. The main propositions are (i) that meaning, included the meaning attached to observations, are language-dependent and (ii) that mathematics in physics should be considered as a proper language, not necessary translatable to a more basic language of intuition and immediate experience. This has fundamental implications for quantum mechanics, which is a mathematically coherent and consistent theory; its interpretation problem is associated with its lack of physical images expressible in ordinary language.

  18. France: Factors Shaping Foreign Policy, and Issues in U.S.-French Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-03

    WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Congressional Research Service The Library of Congresss 101 Independence Avenue...SE Washington, DC 20540-7500 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S...Gallis, Nov. 18, 2005, p. 21-31. 27 “Jacques Chirac remobilise le gouvernement contre l’antisémitisme,” Le Monde, Nov. 18, 2003. 28 “Qui sont les juifs de

  19. Optimal UAS Assignments and Trajectories for Persistent Surveillance and Data Collection from a Wireless Sensor Network

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-24

    Government. This is an academic work and should not be used to imply or infer actual mission capability or limitations. AFIT-ENY-DS-15-S-062 OPTIMAL UAS...Graduate School of Engineering and Management Air Force Institute of Technology Air University Air Education and Training Command in Partial Fulfillment of...David R. Jacques, PhD Member Lt Col Jeremy S. Agte, PhD Member Adedji B. Badiru, PhD Dean, Graduate School of Engineering and Management AFIT-ENY-DS-15-S

  20. Flooding in Central Siberia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A mixture of snowmelt and ice jams in late May and June of this year caused the Taz River (left) and the Yenisey River (right) in central Siberia to overflow their banks. The flooding can be seen in this image taken on June 11, 2002, by the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) instrument aboard the Terra satellite. Normally, the rivers would resemble thin black lines in MODIS imagery. In the false-color images sage green and rusty orange is land, and water is black. Clouds are white and pink. Credit: Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  1. HIV: seek, test, treat, and retain.

    PubMed

    Normand, Jacques; Montaner, Julio; Fang, Chi-Tai; Wu, Zunyou; Chen, Yi-Ming

    2013-12-01

    The "HIV: Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain" session was chaired by Dr. Jacques Normand, the Director of AIDS Research at the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Dr. Yi-Ming Chen served as the discussant. The three presenters (and their presentation topics) were: Dr. Julio Montaner (Treatment as Prevention-The Key to an AIDS-free Generation), Dr. Chi-Tai Fang (Population-level Effect of Free Access to HAART on Reducing HIV Transmission in Taiwan), and Dr. Zunyou Wu (Challenges in Promoting HIV Test & Treat Strategy in China).

  2. Rare Earth Doped Semiconductors, Symposium Held in San Francisco, California on April 13-15, 1993. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Volume 301

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-02-04

    LASERS 287 Jacques I. Pankove and Robert Feuerstein EXCITATION AND RELAXATION PROCESSES OF IMPACT EXCITATION EMISSION OF Er3+ IONS IN InP 293 T...Uwai, and K. Takahei, Appl. Phys. Lett., 53 (8), 1726-1728 (1988). 5. R. Boyn, phys. stat. sol. (b), 148 (11), 11-47 (1988). 6. F. Auzel, A. M. Jean ...Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, 1699, Lisboa Codex, Portugal 3 FOM-lnstitute for Atomic and Molecular Physics, Kruislaan 407, 1098 SJ

  3. Historical Bibliography of Sea Mine Warfare

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-01-01

    Sept. 1877. pp. 531-601. Auphan, Paul and Jacques Mordal; The French Navy in World War IT; U.S. Naval 14. Institute, 1959; Annapolis, Maryland. The...Queen Elizabeth; Time, Vol. XXXV, No. 12, Mar. 18, 1940; New York. pg. 27. 3. De Gouy, Jean Baptiste and C. R. Mathieu; Le Guerre Sous-AMarine de 1917...Payot and Co., 1918; Paris. 4. De Gouy, Jean Baptiste and C. R. Mathieu; Pour en Finir Avec les Souo- Marines; Payot and Co., 1918; Paris. 5

  4. Deterrence and the United States Coast Guard: Enhancing Current Practice with Performance Measures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    34 Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management 7, no. 1 (2010): 1-21. Jacques , Scott and Danielle M. Reynald. "The Offenders’ Perspective on...Piers, Steel and Cornelius König J. "Integrating Theories of Motivation." Academy of Management Review 31, no. 4 (2006): 889-913. Pinto , C. Ariel...20By%20LTCMR%20Brian%20W.%20Robinson.pdf Rodríguez, Charo, Ann Langley, François Béland, and Jean -Louis Denis. "Governance, Power, and Mandated

  5. Flash Point: Middle East; A Selective Bibliography.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-09-01

    Jean . PARTY AND POLITICS IN ISRAEL: THREE VISIONS OF A JEWISH STATE. New York, NY: Longman, 1981. 228 p. JQ 1825 .P37 18 Ismael, Tareq Y. IRAQ AND...AFFAIRS 61:67-83, Fall 1982; Discussion 61:457-459, Winter 1982/83 "Begin’s War and the Future of Judaism." M. Pinto -Duschinsky. GOVERNMENT AND OPPOSITION...Comunity.- Jacques Roumani. MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL 37:151-168, Spring 1983 ’From War to Peace: The Transition Between Egypt and Israel.* SP. Cohen and E.E. Azar

  6. Archeological and Historical Studies in the White Castle Gap Revetment, Iberville Parish, Louisiana.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-01

    Comparative View of French Louisiana, 1699-1762: The Journals of Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville and Jean - Jacques - Blaise d’Addadie. University of Southwestern...descending the river that he turned over the letter to Iberville’s brother, Jean -Baptiste le Moyne Bienville (Brasseaux 1979: 68). Iberville spent a few days...Parish). On July 30, 1821, the estate of Joseph LeBlanc was sold at a public auction. A 40x40 arpent tract of land was bought by Jean Danos, Migail

  7. Area Handbook Series: Angola: A Country Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-02-01

    1,000 to 1,500 troops to Sgo Tom6 and Principe in 1977 to bolster the socialist regime of President Manuel Pinto da Costa. During the next several...Jane’s Weapon Systems, and Jane’s All the World’s Aircraft, and Combat Fleets of the World, edited by Jean Labayle Couhat and Bernard Pr~zelin. Other...Lusaka, Zambia], 22, No. 11, 1988, 2-5. Baumgartner, Jacques . "UNITA: The Imponderable in Angola," Swiss Review of World Affairs [Zurich], 38, No. 7

  8. The Intelligence Revolution: A Historical Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-10-01

    York: Putnam, 1952. (UB 271 .R9 P63) Pinto , Oreste. Spy-catcher. New York: Harper, 1952. (UB 270 .P65) Popov, Dusko. Spy/counterspy: the autobiography...S7 M35) Montagu, Ewen. Beyond Top Secret Ultra. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1978. (D 810 .C88 M66 1978) 38 Pinto , Oreste. Friend or foe? New...Arlington, VA: U.S. Army 4 Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 1976. (UB 250 .C6) Derogy, Jacques . The untold history of Israel. New

  9. European Geophysical Society (23rd) General Assembly, Annales Geophysicae, Part 4, Nonlinear Geophysics & Natural Hazards, Supplement 4 to Volume 16, Held in Nice, France on 20-24 April 1998

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    INSTABILITIES AND TURBULENCE IN THE SOLAR WIND Roland Grappin and Jacques Leorat Observatoire de Meudon, D.A.E.C, 92195 Meudon, France. In view of...and Jean -Philippe Laval (2) (1) Mathematics Institute/University of Warwick COVENTRY CV4 7AL, UK, (2) CNRS, URA 2052, CEA/DAPNIA/SAp L’Ormedes...AN URBAN AREA R. Läzaro, V. Pinto , L. Rivera, J.L. Roca and A. Casas G.P.P.G., Facultat de Geologia. Univ. Barcelona (Spain) Barcelona is situated

  10. Aerodynamics of Combat Aircraft Controls and of Ground Effects: Conference Proceedings of the Symposium of the Fluid Dynamics Panel Held in Madrid, Spain on 2-5 October 1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    1817, 1983. 3 A. Jean Ross, G.E.A. Reid, The development of mathematical models for a high incidence research model, Part 1 - analysis of static data...Iniginicur diEssais TUNNEL. AERO-HYDROUYNAMIQUI3 (’EAT -- (Toulouse) 23 Avenue I lcni Gullaurnic 310356 ijoulouse. Cedex ct . Jacque % Deschamaps Ingnimeur...one tonctino do t’lntldonc. La dooxiase oat tie isceour d’sninrtiasomout ’jut rend coopte do loefiot d’islrLudo an-doascai do 1s pinto . Cetto

  11. Flooding of the Ob River, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A mixture of heavy rainfall, snowmelt, and ice jams in late May and early June of this year caused the Ob River and surrounding tributaries in Western Siberia to overflow their banks. The flooding can be seen in thess image taken on June 16, 2002, by the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) instrument aboard the Terra satellite. Last year, the river flooded farther north. Normally, the river resembles a thin black line, but floods have swollen the river considerably. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  12. Flooding of the Taz, Pur, and Yenisey Rivers, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Each spring and summer, rivers across Siberia experience flooding as the waters in the south begin to melt and run before the ice has retreated from the northern limits. The ice causes jams which are sometimes loosened up using explosives. This pair of MODIS images from June 18, 2002, shows flooding on the Pur (left), Taz (center), and Yenisey (right) Rivers in central Siberia. In the false-color image, ice and snow are red, clouds are white, water is black, and vegetation is green. Bare soil is brown. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  13. A dream come true: being President of ASHRM.

    PubMed

    Oppenberg, Andrew A

    2014-01-01

    During our 33rd Annual Conference of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management, I had the absolute honor and privilege to thank our 2013 ASHRM board and staff along with the ASHRM membership. On behalf of the membership I extended heartfelt thanks for a job well done to our retiring board members, friends, and colleagues: Faye Shepherd, Ellen Grady-Venditti, Michael Midgley, and Immediate Past President Mary Anne Hilliard. Together, we welcomed 2014 ASHRM board members and witnessed the oath of office to Hala Helm, David Sine, and Sherrill Peters, along with President-Elect Ellen Grady-Venditti and our 2014 President Jacque Mitchell.

  14. [The ladder game. An international history].

    PubMed

    Anheim, Etienne; Gattinara, Enrico Castelli

    2009-01-01

    The book Jeux d'echelles. La microanalyse a l'expérience, which appeard in 1996 under the direction of Jacques Revel, was translated in Italy in 2006 by the Viella editions under the title Giochi di scala. La microstoria alla prova dell'esperienza. This occasion seemed propicious for a historiographic and epistemological return to the microhistorical experience between France and Italy. It had to do with cross reperencing the reflections of a French historian and those of an Italian philosopher to seek to place in evidence, from a distance, the theoretical presuppositions of microhistory, and to measure the displacements undergone.

  15. High Altitude Maneuver Control Tests in the NSWC (Naval Surface Weapons Center) Hypervelocity Wind Tunnel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    designed to interface with the model 2Hill, J . A. F., Wardlaw , A. B., Jr., Pronchick, S. W., and Holmes, J . E., "Verification Tests in Mach 14 Nozzle (f the...REPORT NUMBER 7. AUTHOR(e) I. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBER(es) Benito D. Prats , Michael A. Metzger Jacques A.F. Hill 9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME...particular E. Bruce Watts, J . P. Johnson, Mary Ellen Falusi, Stephen Cothran, Jr., and Mark M. Opeka, for their tireless efforts to make this a

  16. Scientific Misconduct and Theft: Case Report from 17th Century

    PubMed Central

    Fatović-Ferenčić, Stella

    2008-01-01

    Gjuro Armen Baglivi was one of the most famous medical authorities of the 17th century. Apart from his numerous books and publications, several extensive collections of his correspondence have been preserved and are available in libraries around the world. They provide new information about the 17th century scientific culture and place of Baglivi’s work in the scientific European context. Also, they shed light on his personality more than other writings intended for the public eye. In this paper I will present the case of a theft of intellectual property, which Baglivi described in one of his letters to Jean Jacques Manget. PMID:18293461

  17. Floods in Central China

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This pair of true- and false-color images from the Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) shows flooding in central China on July 4, 2002. In the false-color image vegetation appears orange and water appears dark blue to black. Because of the cloud cover and the fact that some of the water is filled with sediment, the false-color image provides a clearer picture of where rivers have exceeded their banks and lakes have risen. The river in this image is the Yangtze River, and the large lake is the Poyang Hu. Credits: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  18. Aral Sea

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This series of MODIS images shows the dwindling Aral Sea. Once one of the world's largest freshwater lakes, the Aral Sea has decreased by as much as 60% over the past few decades due to diversion of the water to grow cotton and rice. These diversion have dropped the lake levels, increased salinity, and nearly decimated the fishing industry. The previous extent of the lake is clearly visible as a whitish perimeter in these image from April 16, May 18, and June 3, 2002. s. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  19. Wildfires, smoke, and burn scars, near Yakutsk, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The Lena River in central Siberia is hidden beneath a veil of smoke from multiple wildfires burning around the city of Yakutsk, Russia. Fires have been burning in the region off and on since late May 2002, and may be agricultural in cause. This image was acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Terra satellite on July 23, 2002. In the false=-color image, vegetation is bright green, smoke is blueish-white, and burned areas are reddish-brown. In both images, fire detections are marked with red outlines. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  20. Long Duration Exposure Facility Space Optics Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-09-01

    CONTROL. PROPERTIES * ______ ___POINT OF VIEW) *Whiilc TC paint withi TiO,_ Eu,.O,, A1201 . and ZnO Z-93. Y13-71, PCB-Z wihie TC paints pigments...CERT/ONE CERT/ONERA- and Components Dosimetry ) RA-DERTS DERTS (Jacques Bourrieau) M0003-8 Space Effects on Active T, V None Boeing Co Boeing Co...A Measurement of the Radiation Dose to LDEF by Passive Dosimetry , LDEF Second Post-Retrieval Symposium, NASA Conference Publication 3194, Part 1

  1. Memorial V.J.Glaser

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Plusieurs orateurs rendent hommage au grand physicien et scientifique Vladimir Jurko Glaser (1924 - 1984) qui travaillait au Ruder Boscovic Institut à Zagreb avant de venir au Cern en 1957 où il trouvait un poste permanent au département de physique théorique. Walter Tearing, Harry Lehmann,Henry Epstein, Jacques Bros et André Martin font des résumés biographiques de leurs collègue et ami en honorant ses grands qualités d'homme et ses remarquables conquêtes de la science et leurs accomplissement.

  2. Sushruta in 600 B.C. introduced extraocular expulsion of lens material.

    PubMed

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Ascaso, Francisco J

    2014-03-01

    It is generally accepted that Jacques Daviel introduced in the 18th century the extracapsular technique of extraction of the lens while the couching method of cataract operation had already been practiced since ancient times. Present study analyses the first known cataract surgery description in three translations into English from the original Sanskrit Sushruta textbook and all the available literature on the subject. We found evidences that some sort of extraocular expulsion of lens material through a limbal puncture (paracentesis) was described by the Indian surgeon. Nevertheless, this incision cannot be considered as a classic extracapsular procedure because it was not large enough to allow the extraction of the entire lens.

  3. Welcome & Opening Remarks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gill, Patrick

    2002-04-01

    I would like to begin the week here in St. Andrews by welcoming you all to this Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology. The Symposium is the sixth in a series of Symposia stretching back over 30 years. The first was organised by Jacques Vanier in 1971 at Forét Montmorency in Quebec. It was followed by Copper Mountain (1976), Aussois (1981), Ancona (1988) and Woods Hole (1995). Copper Mountain was the responsibility of Helmut Hellwig, who sadly died last year. Over the last 30 years, Helmut has been a driving force for the shape and scope of the Symposia, and Michael Garvey will shortly offer a tribute to him...

  4. Can artificial parthenogenesis sidestep ethical pitfalls in human therapeutic cloning? An historical perspective

    PubMed Central

    Fangerau, H

    2005-01-01

    The aim of regenerative medicine is to reconstruct tissue that has been lost or pathologically altered. Therapeutic cloning seems to offer a method of achieving this aim; however, the ethical debate surrounding human therapeutic cloning is highly controversial. Artificial parthenogenesis—obtaining embryos from unfertilised eggs—seems to offer a way to sidestep these ethical pitfalls. Jacques Loeb (1859–1924), the founding father of artificial parthogenesis, faced negative public opinion when he published his research in 1899. His research, the public's response to his findings, and his ethical foundations serve as an historical argument both for the communication of science and compromise in biological research. PMID:16319240

  5. Lake Nasser and Toshka Lakes, Egypt

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Lake Nasser (center) and the Toshka Lakes (center left) glow emerald green and black in this MODIS true-color image acquired March 8, 2002. Located on and near the border of Egypt and Norther Sudan, these lakes are an oasis of water in between the Nubian (lower right) and Libyan Deserts (upper left). Also visible are the Red Sea (in the upper right) and the Nile River (running north from Lake Nasser). Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  6. EC-92: Catalyst for Change

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-04-02

    idea of great power is being redefined with a more economic content.l Jacques Attali says the old "Order of Force has been supplanted by the Order of...acQues Attali , "Lines on the Horizon: A New World Order.’ New Ferspectives Quarter1_, Spring 1990, p. 4. 3. Leon Hurwitz, The European Community...of the European Community." Nato Review, Februarv 1990, pp. 1-5. Article, Wall Street Journal, New York, 21 March 1991, p. 9. Attali . Jacoues. "Lines

  7. Head Tracking for 3D Audio Using a GPS-Aided MEMS IMU

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    Aircraft, Directional Signals, GPS/INS Fusion , GPS/INS Integration, Head Tracking Systems, IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit), Inertial Sensors, MEMS...HEAD TRACKING FOR 3D AUDIO USING A GPS-AIDED MEMS IMU THESIS Jacque M. Joffrion, Captain, USAF AFIT/GE/ENG/05-09 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIR...the United States Government. AFIT/GE/ENG/05-09 HEAD TRACKING FOR 3D AUDIO USING A GPS-AIDED MEMS IMU THESIS Presented to the Faculty of the Department

  8. Anticipating the Anthropocene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trachtenberg, Zev

    2015-09-01

    There is an important precedent in the history of ideas for the Anthropocene proposal. This is not found in the precursors that have been proposed to the formal scientific concept, but rather in the work of the eighteenth-century social theorist Jean-Jacques Rousseau. I argue that Rousseau's speculative account of the development of human society models a way of viewing the condition of the physical environment as an expression of the social and economic institutions that support human beings' way of life.

  9. Love and/in psychoanalysis: a commentary on Lacan's reading of Plato's Symposium in Seminar VIII: Transference.

    PubMed

    Fink, Bruce

    2015-02-01

    What is love and what part does it play in psychoanalysis? Where are the analyst and the analysand situated in relation to the roles defined as those of the "lover" and the "beloved"? Jacques Lacan explores these and other questions in his soon-to-be-published Seminar VIII: Transference by providing an extensive commentary on Plato's most famous dialogue on love, the Symposium. This paper outlines some of the major points about love that grow out of Lacan's reading of the dialogue and examines their relevance to the analytic setting. Can the analyst be characterized as a sort of modern-day Socrates?

  10. Functional and Cellular Responses to Laser Injury in the Rat Snake Retina

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    expression," Cell Stress Chaperones, 4, pp. 1-7, Mar. 1999. 48. P . Maroni , P . Bendinelli, L. Tiberio, F. Rovetta, R. Piccoletti, and L. Schiaffonati, "In vivo...Jacques, William P . Roach, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6435, 643511, (2007). 1605-7422/07/$18 doi: 10.1117/12.698801 Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6435 643511-1 retinal...34 Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci., 35, pp. 945-954, 1994. 9. H. Zwick, B.E. Stuck, P . Edsal, R. Elliott III, H. Hacker, E. Wood, and R. Cheramie

  11. Development of a General Conceptual-numerical Model to Simulate the Fate and Subsurface Transport of Explosives, and the Moisture and Temperature Signatures Around Land Mines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    sludge and low molecular weight organic acids, Soil Sci., 171(1), 29-38, 2006. Pachepsky, Y., A. Guber, D. Jacques, J. Šimůnek, M. Th. van Genuchten, T...various scales using selected HYDRUS modules, Biologia , (submitted October 21, 2008; revised and accepted December 17, 2008). Number of Manuscripts...mobility in soils as affected by sewage sludge and low molecular weight organic acids, Soil Sci., 171(1), 29-38, 2006. 26. Pachepsky, Y., A. Guber, D

  12. The solar abundance of Oxygen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grevesse, N.

    2009-07-01

    With Martin Asplund (Max Planck Institute of Astrophysics, Garching) and Jacques Sauval (Observatoire Royal de Belgique, Brussels) I recently published detailed reviews on the solar chemical composition ({Asplund et al. 2005}, {Grevesse et al. 2007}). A new one, with Pat Scott (Stockholm University) as additional co-author, will appear in Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics ({Asplund et al. 2009}). Here we briefly analyze recent works on the solar abundance of Oxygen and recommend a value of 8.70 in the usual astronomical scale.

  13. Taking a geometric look at the socio-political functioning schemes of the living. Catastrophe theory and theoretical sociology.

    PubMed

    Morier, Clément

    2013-09-01

    The aim of this communication is to consider morphological processes in sociology, mainly through the study of the stability of forms of sociality. At the same time, it aims to study the regulation of constraints, related to an increasingly conflictual environment, through political organization. We use a specific theoretical framework: the catastrophe theory developed by René Thom in topology, further developed by Claude Bruter from a physics point of view, and reworked by Jacques Viret in biology. The idea is to show the existence of archetypal processes organizing social forms.

  14. A mixture of heavy rainfall, snowmelt, and ice

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Credit: Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC Satellite: Terra Sensor: MODIS Image Date: 06-16-2002 VE Record ID: 13692 Description: A mixture of heavy rainfall, snowmelt, and ice jams in late May and early June of this year caused the Ob River and surrounding tributaries in Western Siberia to overflow their banks. The flooding can be seen in this image taken on June 16, 2002, by the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) instrument aboard the Terra satellite. Last year, the river flooded farther north. Normally, the river resembles a thin black line.

  15. Mitogenic properties of major extracellular proteins.

    PubMed

    Lévesque, J P; Hatzfeld, A; Hatzfeld, J

    1991-08-01

    The major plasma and extracellular matrix proteins are multifunctional molecules. Some, such as fibrinogen or C3, have one domain that binds adhesion receptors and another that specifically binds and activates a separate, mitogenic receptor. In this review, Jean-Pierre Lévesque, Antoinette Hatzfeld and Jacques Hatzfeld describe adhesion and mitogenic receptors that bind to distinct domains of the same extracellular matrix protein and discuss the possibility of common ancestral genes for cell adhesion molecules, extracellular matrix proteins, integrins, immunoglobulins, growth factors and their receptors.

  16. Ten experiments that would make a difference in understanding immune mechanisms.

    PubMed

    Cohn, Melvin

    2012-02-01

    Jacques Monod used to say, "Never trust an experiment that is not supported by a good theory." Theory or conceptualization permits us to put order or structure into a vast amount of data in a way that increases understanding. Validly competing theories are most useful when they make testably disprovable predictions. Illustrating the theory-experiment interaction is the goal of this exercise. Stated bleakly, the answers derived from the theory-based experiments described here would impact dramatically on how we understand immune behavior.

  17. Can artificial parthenogenesis sidestep ethical pitfalls in human therapeutic cloning? An historical perspective.

    PubMed

    Fangerau, H

    2005-12-01

    The aim of regenerative medicine is to reconstruct tissue that has been lost or pathologically altered. Therapeutic cloning seems to offer a method of achieving this aim; however, the ethical debate surrounding human therapeutic cloning is highly controversial. Artificial parthenogenesis-obtaining embryos from unfertilised eggs-seems to offer a way to sidestep these ethical pitfalls. Jacques Loeb (1859-1924), the founding father of artificial parthenogenesis, faced negative public opinion when he published his research in 1899. His research, the public's response to his findings, and his ethical foundations serve as an historical argument both for the communication of science and compromise in biological research.

  18. Toward a methodology for applying psychoanalysis to literature.

    PubMed

    Reed, G S

    1982-01-01

    This paper proposes a methodology which seeks to use psychoanalysis to fathom the unique quality of the literary text without turning the text into a symptom or its author into a patient. Its hypothesis: the literary text evokes an unconscious fantasy in its readers; critics who respond to the text empathically but without conscious understanding re-enact aspects of its organizing fantasy in the way they write their criticism. To test this hypothesis, the criticism of Jacques le Fataliste et son Matître by Diderot is examined. The phenomenon of parallelism is suggested as a clinical analogy for the re-enactment which takes place.

  19. British and French Strategic Nuclear Force Modernization: Programs, Strategies, and Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-01

    SSBN availability due to an unforeseen emergency (e.g., an accident , or significant delay to SSBN 05 or 06 [Van-guard or Victorious]; or a loss of a...EEC and defence split," Tb Guardian, 30 January 1988. 17. "Le gouvernement britannique n’a pas renonce a un missile nucleaire commun avec ]a France...67. Chirac, Jacques, "Au sujet des armes nucleaires tactiques frangaises," Defense Nationale, May 1975, as cited in Ref. 20:p. 151. 68. Hernu, Charles

  20. The beauty of impurities: Two revivals of Friedel's virtual bound-state concept

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Georges, Antoine

    2016-03-01

    Jacques Friedel pioneered the theoretical study of impurities and magnetic impurities in metals. He discovered Friedel oscillations, introduced the concept of virtual bound-state, and demonstrated that the charge on the impurity is related to the scattering phase-shift at the Fermi level (Friedel sum-rule). After a brief review of some of these concepts, I describe how they proved useful in two new contexts. The first one concerns the Coulomb blockade in quantum dots, and its suppression by the Kondo effect. The second one is the dynamical mean-field theory of strong electronic correlations.

  1. [The building up the loss of the object in psychoanalitic theory].

    PubMed

    Bugni, B

    1975-01-01

    Within the general framework of Jacques Lacan's Psychoanalytical views and using a Semiotic approach, it is contended that the signification "objet-that-is-lost' (disapeared for ever), is not an empirical, first-hand, immediate reproduction of perceptual data. Far from it, it is the result of a complex process, leading to the building up of the concept. The contention is based upon the following hypothesis: A. the "object-representation-mnemic trace", in its diadic (interchangeable) value, belongs to the imaginary-specular register, where he object missing can only be registered as absence, and neve as a loss or as an impossiblity of reappearance...

  2. Hydrology Section Executive Committee Minutes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, A. Ivan

    The Hydrology Section Executive Committee (EC) convened at 8:20 A.M. on May 28, 1985, in Room 311 of the Convention Center in Baltimore, Md. The meeting was chaired by Hydrology Section President R. Allan Freeze. Section President-Elect Marshall Moss kept the minutes in the absence of the Section Secretary Thomas Maddock III. Also in attendance were William Back, Rafael Bras, Stephen Burges, Jerry Cohon, Ron Cummings, David Dawdy, Jacques Delleur, Leonard Konikow, Jurate Landwehr, Fred Molz, Don Nielsen, Joyce Peters, Karen Prestegaard, Tom Schmugge, Waldo Smith, Jery Stedinger, and Eric Wood.

  3. Monod and the spirit of molecular biology.

    PubMed

    Morange, Michel

    2015-06-01

    The founders of molecular biology shared views on the place of biology within science, as well as on the relations of molecular biology to Darwinism. Jacques Monod was no exception, but the study of his writings is particularly interesting because he expressed his point of view very clearly and pushed the implications of some of his choices further than most of his contemporaries. The spirit of molecular biology is no longer the same as in the 1960s but, interestingly, Monod anticipated some recent evolutions of this discipline.

  4. MC Henricks and PS Favier arrive at SLF for TCDT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 Mission Commander Terence T. 'Tom' Henricks (right) greets fellow crew member and Payload Specialist Jean-Jacques Favier after arriving at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility to participate in the Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT), a dress rehearsal for launch. Favier is one of the two international payload specialists assigned to STS-78 and represents the French Space Agency (CNES). Over the next several days, Henricks, Favier, and their fellow crew members wil take part in emergency egress training at the launch pad and conclude their stay with a simulated countdown. The space Shuttle Columbia is being prepared for liftoff on Mission STS-78 on June 20.

  5. STS-78 Crew arrives at Shuttle Landing Facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FL. -- Members of the STS-78 Space Shuttle crew greet press representatives and other visitors at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) after the crew's arrival Monday in preparation for the June 20 scheduled launch of Columbia. From left, are Mission Specialist Richard M. Linnehan, Mission Commander Terence T. Henricks, Payload Commander Susan J. Helms, Payload Specialist Jean-Jacques Favier of the French Space Agency and Mission Specialist Charles E. Brady Jr. The seven-member crew will conduct microgravity research experiments in the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS) module in the payload bay.

  6. Harm reduction

    PubMed Central

    Normand, Jacques; Li, Jih-Heng; Thomson, Nicholas; Jarlais, Don Des

    2014-01-01

    The “Harm Reduction” session was chaired by Dr. Jacques Normand, Director of the AIDS Research Program of the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse. The three presenters (and their presentation topics) were: Dr. Don Des Jarlais (High Coverage Needle/Syringe Programs for People Who Inject Drugs in Low and Middle Income Countries: A Systematic Review), Dr. Nicholas Thomson (Harm Reduction History, Response, and Current Trends in Asia), and Dr. Jih-Heng Li (Harm Reduction Strategies in Taiwan). PMID:25278732

  7. [Foucault, Derrida, and the history of madness: notes on a controversy].

    PubMed

    Pereira Neto, A F

    1998-01-01

    The publication of the book Folie et Déraison. Histoire de la Folie à l'Age Classique (1961), by Michel Foucault, sparked a debate between the author and philosopher Jacques Derrida during the 1960s and 70s. Derrida criticized the methodological proposal and organization of the History of Madness presented by Foucault in the foreword to the first edition. The controversy appears to have motivated the author to withdraw this same foreword from the second edition. The purpose of this article is to analyze some current points in this controversy. It also presents a research agenda for an understanding of the reasons leading Foucault to take this stance.

  8. Value of Flexibility - Phase 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-25

    Team M embers Marty Wortman - T exas A&M University Barry Boehm - Universit y of Southern California Dave Jacques - Air Forc e Institute of...results. The Selby [1988] analysis of about 3000 NASA software modules found that reuse with modification of the components was considerably more...60 70 80 90 100 % of Software Problem Reports (SPR’s) TRW Project A 373 SPR’s TRW Project B 1005 SPR’s % o f C o s t to F ix S P R ’s

  9. Function(s) of religion in the contemporary world: psychoanalytic perspectives : about new types of religious conversions.

    PubMed

    Combres, Laurent; Askofaré, Sidi

    2013-12-01

    With respect to our psychoanalytic frame of reference allowing us to study the extent of the hypotheses concerning the religious phenomenon as formulated by Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan, in the context of a cross approach between the accuracy of the concept of conversion and of psychic mechanisms or phenomena at stake within conversions, and based on the testimonials of subjects acknowledging themselves in the experiment of conversion, we try to understand if and how religion is anchored in our cultural era through subversive effects it may have on the subject.

  10. WE-A-207-02: Electron Beam Therapy - Current Status and Future Directions

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Q.

    2015-06-15

    In memory of the significant contribution of Dr. Jacques Ovadia to electron beam techniques, this session will review recent, advanced techniques which are reinvigorating the science of electron beam radiation therapy. Recent research efforts in improving both the applicability and quality of the electron beam therapy will be discussed, including modulated electron beam radiotherapy (MERT) and dynamic electron arc radiotherapy (DEAR). Learning Objectives: To learn about recent advances in electron beam therapy, including modulated electron beam therapy and dynamic electron arc therapy (DEAR). Put recent advances in the context of work that Dr. Ovadia pursued during his career in medical physics.

  11. SV-Bay: structural variant detection in cancer genomes using a Bayesian approach with correction for GC-content and read mappability

    PubMed Central

    Iakovishina, Daria; Janoueix-Lerosey, Isabelle; Barillot, Emmanuel; Regnier, Mireille; Boeva, Valentina

    2016-01-01

    Motivation: Whole genome sequencing of paired-end reads can be applied to characterize the landscape of large somatic rearrangements of cancer genomes. Several methods for detecting structural variants with whole genome sequencing data have been developed. So far, none of these methods has combined information about abnormally mapped read pairs connecting rearranged regions and associated global copy number changes automatically inferred from the same sequencing data file. Our aim was to create a computational method that could use both types of information, i.e. normal and abnormal reads, and demonstrate that by doing so we can highly improve both sensitivity and specificity rates of structural variant prediction. Results: We developed a computational method, SV-Bay, to detect structural variants from whole genome sequencing mate-pair or paired-end data using a probabilistic Bayesian approach. This approach takes into account depth of coverage by normal reads and abnormalities in read pair mappings. To estimate the model likelihood, SV-Bay considers GC-content and read mappability of the genome, thus making important corrections to the expected read count. For the detection of somatic variants, SV-Bay makes use of a matched normal sample when it is available. We validated SV-Bay on simulated datasets and an experimental mate-pair dataset for the CLB-GA neuroblastoma cell line. The comparison of SV-Bay with several other methods for structural variant detection demonstrated that SV-Bay has better prediction accuracy both in terms of sensitivity and false-positive detection rate. Availability and implementation: https://github.com/InstitutCurie/SV-Bay Contact: valentina.boeva@inserm.fr Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:26740523

  12. Importance of holographic light in the emerging field of mind-body healing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Booth, Roberta

    2000-10-01

    Healing with color has been researched and documented worldwide for centuries. Every single part of the brain and every cell in the body is effected by light. Chinese and Russian scientists demonstrated that the acupuncture meridians transmit light. Dr. Peter Mandel, German chiropractic physician and acupuncturist, states that the acupuncture points are especially sensitive to electromagnetic waves within the spectrum of visible light and microwave energy, and all cells constantly emit and absorb small pockets of electromagnetic radiation or light, called biophotons. The harmony or disharmony of cells has been documented. Kirlian photography, to photography the aura was invented by Russians Semyon and Valentina Kirlian. Photo therapy and light research are being practiced worldwide. In the United States, Dr. Jacob Lieberman has written an influential book Light Medicine of the Future. In 1992 the first Light Years Ahead conference was held. (#5 1996) Dr. Brian Breiling and Dr. Lee Hartley brought together experts in the field to discuss the many potentials of light therapy. My present research in this area has focused on narrow band frequencies through the use of holography. Its therapeutic applications of color healing in this research are both critical and fundamental. My current work, The Chakras, seven reflection holograms on silver halide, relate to the wheels of light described in the earliest recorded Indian history. I will discus the chakras, this ancient metaphysical system under the new light of popular western metaphors and visionary art, how the chakras relate to the seven colors of the rainbow, the electromagnetic waves, and the connection to color holography in healing light therapy. I will be citing concurrent research in color healing, and the important areas of research that are necessary to have significant impact on future directions. Holography in the future will constitute a major frontier in discovery.

  13. List of Participants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-07-01

    Alba Paolo (Università di Torino) Becattini Francesco (Università di Firenze) Bombaci Ignazio (Università di Pisa) Bonaccorso Angela (INFN Pisa) Colonna Maria (INFN-LNS Catania) Coraggio Luigi (INFN Napoli) Covello Aldo (Università di Napoli) Di Toro Massimo (Università di Catania) De Angelis Giacomo (INFN-LNL Legnaro) Gargano Angela (INFN Napoli) Gattobigio Mario (INLN, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, France) Gensini Paolo (INFN Lecce) Giannini Mauro (Università di Genova) Girlanda Luca (Università del Salento) Giusti Carlotta (Università di Pavia) Greco Vincenzo (Università di Catania) Grossi Eduardo (Università di Firenze) Itaco Nunzio (Università di Napoli) Kievsky Alejandro (INFN Pisa) Lanza Edoardo (INFN Catania) Lavagno Andrea (Politecnico di Torino) Logoteta Domenico (Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal) Lo Iudice Nicola (Università di Napoli) Lombardo Maria Paola (INFN-LNF Frascati) Lo Meo Sergio (ENEA Bologna) Mannarelli Massimo (INFN-LNGS Assergi) Marcucci Laura Elisa (Università di Pisa) Matera Francesco (Università di Firenze) Orlandini Giuseppina (Università di Trento) Pacati Franco (Università di Pavia) Pederiva Francesco (Università di Trento) Pirrone Sara (INFN Catania) Puglisi Armando (Università di Catania) Radici Marco (INFN Pavia) Rinaldi Matteo (Università di Perugia) Roggero Alessandro (Università di Trento) Rolando Valentina (Università di Ferrara) Rosati Sergio (Università di Pisa) Ruggieri Marco (Università di Catania) Salmè Gianni (INFN Roma) Santopinto Elena (INFN Genova) Scopetta Sergio (Università di Perugia) Taiuti Mauro (Università di Genova) Vigezzi Enrico (INFN Milano) Viviani Michele (INFN Pisa) Vorabbi Matteo (Università di Pavia)

  14. Data, the last word: Keep “Data” for data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Ronald C.

    Marcia Neugebauer's letter (Eos, February 28, p. 129) is yet another reminder that we live in an age of declining literacy. As she correctly observes, the mistaken use of the word “data” for “numerical results” is now widespread, though her suggested solution may be misguided. I see no reason why those who are unable to use language properly should be rewarded with a special word unless it is intended to commemorate ignorance or enshrine slovenly habits o f thought in some novel way. Rather, I urge editors to sustain Neugebauer's preference for the use of existing language to clarify essential distinctions and I urge the rest of us to practice the good sense embodied in Jacque Barzun's essay, “On the Need of an Orderly Mind,” (by Willson Follett, in Modern American Usage, edited by Jacque Barzun, pp. 13-20, Hill and Wang, New York, 1966), or to adopt the trenchant advice of Schopenhauer in his essay “On Style,” in The Works of Schopenhauer, edited by Will Durant, pp. 507-521, Garden City Publishing Co., New York, 1928.

  15. LHC, le Big Bang en éprouvette

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Notre compréhension de l’Univers est en train de changer… Bar des Sciences - Tout public Débat modéré par Marie-Odile Montchicourt, journaliste de France Info. Evenement en vidéoconférence entre le Globe de la science et de l’innovation, le bar le Baloard de Montpellier et la Maison des Métallos à Paris. Intervenants au CERN : Philippe Charpentier et Daniel Froideveaux, physiciens au CERN. Intervenants à Paris : Vincent Bontemps, philosophe et chercheur au CEA ; Jacques Arnould, philosophe, historien des sciences et théologien, Jean-Jacques Beineix, réalisateur, producteur, scénariste de cinéma. Intervenants à Montpellier (LPTA) : André Neveu, physicien théoricien et directeur de recherche au CNRS ; Gilbert Moultaka, physicien théoricien et chargé de recherche au CNRS. Partenariat : CERN, CEA, IN2P3, Université MPL2 (LPTA) Dans le cadre de la Fête de la science 2008

  16. LHC, le Big Bang en éprouvette

    SciTech Connect

    2010-04-07

    Notre compréhension de l’Univers est en train de changer… Bar des Sciences - Tout public Débat modéré par Marie-Odile Montchicourt, journaliste de France Info. Evenement en vidéoconférence entre le Globe de la science et de l’innovation, le bar le Baloard de Montpellier et la Maison des Métallos à Paris. Intervenants au CERN : Philippe Charpentier et Daniel Froideveaux, physiciens au CERN. Intervenants à Paris : Vincent Bontemps, philosophe et chercheur au CEA ; Jacques Arnould, philosophe, historien des sciences et théologien, Jean-Jacques Beineix, réalisateur, producteur, scénariste de cinéma. Intervenants à Montpellier (LPTA) : André Neveu, physicien théoricien et directeur de recherche au CNRS ; Gilbert Moultaka, physicien théoricien et chargé de recherche au CNRS. Partenariat : CERN, CEA, IN2P3, Université MPL2 (LPTA) Dans le cadre de la Fête de la science 2008

  17. Evaluation of water vapour assimilation in the tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere by a chemical transport model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Payra, Swagata; Ricaud, Philippe; Abida, Rachid; El Amraoui, Laaziz; Attié, Jean-Luc; Rivière, Emmanuel; Carminati, Fabien; von Clarmann, Thomas

    2016-09-01

    The present analysis deals with one of the most debated aspects of the studies on the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere (UTLS), namely the budget of water vapour (H2O) at the tropical tropopause. Within the French project "Multiscale water budget in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere in the TROpics" (TRO-pico), a global-scale analysis has been set up based on space-borne observations, models and assimilation techniques. The MOCAGE-VALENTINA assimilation tool has been used to assimilate the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) version 3.3 H2O measurements within the 316-5 hPa range from August 2011 to March 2013 with an assimilation window of 1 h. Diagnostics based on observations minus analysis and forecast are developed to assess the quality of the assimilated H2O fields. Comparison with an independent source of H2O measurements in the UTLS based on the space-borne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) observations and with meteorological ARPEGE analyses is also shown. Sensitivity studies of the analysed fields have been performed by (1) considering periods when no MLS measurements are available and (2) using H2O data from another MLS version (4.2). The studies have been performed within three different spaces in time and space coincidences with MLS (hereafter referred to as MLS space) and MIPAS (MIPAS space) observations and with the model (model space) outputs and at three different levels: 121 hPa (upper troposphere), 100 hPa (tropopause) and 68 hPa (lower stratosphere) in January and February 2012. In the MLS space, the analyses behave consistently with the MLS observations from the upper troposphere to the lower stratosphere. In the model space, the analyses are wetter than the reference atmosphere as represented by ARPEGE and MLS in the upper troposphere (121 hPa) and around the tropopause (100 hPa), but are consistent with MLS and MIPAS in the lower stratosphere (68 hPa). In the MIPAS space, the sensitivity and the

  18. Stable isotopes in Lithuanian bioarcheological material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Skipityte, Raminta; Jankauskas, Rimantas; Remeikis, Vidmantas

    2015-04-01

    Schutkowski. "Diet and social status during the La Tène period in Bohemia: carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis of bone collagen from Kutná Hora-Karlov and Radovesice." Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 24.2 (2005): 135-147. Schutkowski, Holger, et al. "Diet, status and decomposition at Weingarten: trace element and isotope analyses on early mediaeval skeletal material." Journal of Archaeological Science 26.6 (1999): 675-685. Zernitskaya, Valentina, et al. "Vegetation pattern and sedimentation changes in the context of the Lateglacial climatic events: Case study of Staroje Lake (Eastern Belarus)." Quaternary International (2014).

  19. High resolution assimilation of IASI ozone data with a global CTM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pajot, B.; Massart, S.; Cariolle, D.; Piacentini, A.; Pannekoucke, O.; Lahoz, W. A.; Clerbaux, C.; Coheur, P. F.; Hurtmans, D.

    2011-10-01

    The pixel size of the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) remote sensor is much smaller than the horizontal grid size of current Chemical Transport Models (CTMs). In order to assimilate the maximum of information from the IASI retrievals, we have increased the horizontal resolution of our model MOCAGE to be consistent with the IASI pixel size. Experiments are carried out with the Valentina data assimilation system using the standard and the high resolution versions of the model. Two resolutions of the horizontal Gaussian grid have been used for the model: with a T42 and a T170 triangular truncations. Our study is based on the combination of data from the IASI instrument and from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), since this latter dataset allows the information to be spread through the whole atmospheric columns at a low computational cost. Two datasets of ozone super-observations have been constructed by averaging the IASI data on the two model grids. Direct model simulations without data assimilation first show that the increase of the horizontal resolution modifies the ozone smallest scale structures as well as the ozone meridional distribution. This modification results from a better representation of the vertical velocity with the T170 configuration. When the ozone assimilation is performed there is less influence of the horizontal resolution of the model. Nevertheless, in a general way, comparisons with independent data show large reductions of the ozone standard deviations when the resolution is increased. When the ozone assimilation is performed with the high resolution dataset, the high resolution model does not improve the ozone analysis compared to the one obtained with the same model resolution but with the low resolution IASI dataset. This result is due to the difficulty to combine IASI data and MLS data. For assimilating IASI data at high resolution the horizontal correlation length-scale has to be decreased to catch the small scale

  20. Interprofessional collaborative practice: a deconstruction.

    PubMed

    Thistlethwaite, Jill; Jackson, Ann; Moran, Monica

    2013-01-01

    This paper uses (and perhaps abuses) deconstruction to revisit the meanings of collaboration and practice. We start with a description of deconstruction itself, as espoused by Jacques Derrida, and then move onto challenging the notion that words, such as collaboration, can have fixed meanings. And, in the spirit of Derrida, "I can foresee the impatience of the bad reader: this is the way I name or accuse the fearful reader, the reader in a hurry to be determined, decided upon deciding (in order to annul, in other words to bring back to oneself, one has to wish to know in advance what to expect...)" (Derrida, 1987, p. 4--original italics), we move straight into the text.

  1. How might Levinas' concept of the other's priority and Derrida's unconditional hospitality contribute to the philosophy of the modern hospice movement?

    PubMed

    Floriani, Ciro Augusto; Schramm, Fermin Roland

    2010-06-01

    Hospitality is commonly referred as one of the meanings of hospes, the Latin word which is also the root of hospice. This article explores the semantics of the word hospice - the seal of identity of modern hospice movement - and attempts to integrate the meaning of hospitality into the modern hospice movement, understood as unconditional reception. Therefore, the article analyzes the concept of unconditional hospitality, developed by Jacques Derrida and that of ethical responsibility proposed by Emmanuel Levinas based on the phenomenological experience of the other. From this point of view, these two concepts tie in with the meaning of hospice, bringing substantial grounding elements to the hospice movement for the construction of a protective ethos.

  2. Audism: exploring the metaphysics of oppression.

    PubMed

    Bauman, H-Dirksen L

    2004-01-01

    This article traces the development of the concept of "audism" from its inception in the mid-1970s by exploring three distinct dimensions of oppression: individual, institutional, and metaphysical. Although the first two aspects of audism have been identified, there is a deeply rooted belief system regarding language and human identity that is yet to be explored within the context of audism. This article attempts to expose how our particular historical and philosophical constructions of language and being have created what French philosopher Jacques Derrida calls phonocentrism. Although Derrida does not discuss audism, his deconstruction of the Western notion of language provides a lens through which we can better see the orientation that has provided fertile ground out of which individual and institutional audism has flourished.

  3. [Moleschott and materialism].

    PubMed

    van Gijn, Jan; Gijselhart, Joost P

    2012-01-01

    Jacques Moleschott (1822-1893), born into a Dutch Roman Catholic family, attended secondary school in Cleve (Germany). There he became captivated by Hegelian philosophy and lost his faith. After medical studies in Heidelberg and a brief spell as physician in Utrecht, where he struck up a life-long friendship with the physiologists Franciscus Donders (1818-1889) and Izaak van Deen (1805-1869), he returned to Heidelberg as lecturer in physiology. In his textbooks and particularly in his book for the general public, 'The circulation of life' (in German), he attested to a strict physicochemical view of biological phenomena, in opposition to contemporary notions of vitalism and teleology. When the atheistic implications had caused a conflict with the authorities in Baden, he moved as professor of physiology to Zürich (1854) and subsequently to the emerging nation of Italy, as professor in Turin (1861) and finally in Rome (1878), where he became a senator.

  4. Context for the cultural impact of the computer

    SciTech Connect

    Grabow, P.C.

    1994-12-31

    It is apparent that the computer has had and is having a profound effect on everyone`s life. However, it is not always apparent what these effects are, where they originate, what direction they are taking us, or what controls them. Unfortunately, discussions concerning these issues often lack needed context -- terminology and ideas that help one uncover the underlying reality. This paper attempts to provide some of that context by introducing Jacques Ellul`s concept of {open_quotes}technique{close_quotes} -- encompassing much more than the computer. Many of these ideas grew out of {open_quotes}The Cultural Impact of the Computer{close_quotes}, a senior-level course taught by the author at Baylor University. The need for such context became evident when preparing for that course.

  5. The Peierls instability and charge density wave in one-dimensional electronic conductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pouget, Jean-Paul

    2016-03-01

    We review salient structural and electronic features associated with the concomitant Peierls-charge density wave (CDW) instabilities observed in most one-dimensional (1D) inorganic and organic electronic conductors. First of all, the genesis of these concepts is placed in an historical perspective. We then present basic experimental facts supporting the general description of these 1D electron-phonon coupled systems developed in the 1970s. In this framework we shall consider in particular the role of 1D fluctuations on both lattice and electronic degrees of freedom, and of the inter-chain Coulomb coupling between CDWs in stabilizing in 3D the Peierls transition at finite temperature. We also clarify, in relation with experimental findings, the various conditions of adiabaticity of the electron-phonon coupling. Finally we illustrate by recent structural measurements the pioneering work of Jacques Friedel on CDW elasticity and plasticity and CDW pinning to defects through the appearance of Friedel oscillations.

  6. Fires in Chile

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    On February 5, 2002, the dense smoke from numerous forest fires stretched out over the Pacific Ocean about 400 miles south of Santiago, Chile. This true-color Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image shows the fires, which are located near the city of Temuco. The fires are indicated with red dots (boxes in the high-resolution imagery). The fires were burning near several national parks and nature reserves in an area of the Chilean Andes where tourism is very popular. Southeast of the fires, the vegetation along the banks of the Rio Negro in Argentina stands out in dark green. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  7. [Severe depression : psychoanalysis].

    PubMed

    Bouvet de la Maisonneuve, O

    2009-12-01

    The indication for psychoanalysis in severe depression is not clear. And yet, demands for this type of intervention are increasing, despite the absence of any form of consensus on the subject. Freud considered depression as a failure of analytical efforts and, based on this observation, revised his theory, in particular to include the notions of narcissism and the death drive. Many analysts have been reluctant to follow his teachings on this last point and provide depressed patients with analytical-type therapies aimed at restoring narcissism. Melanie Klein pushed Freud's ideas about depression even further and brought such therapies back to the heart of analytical practice. Jacques Lacan took the debate to another level by proposing an overhaul of the principles on which analysis has been based. Today, while following certain precautionary rules, true psychoanalyses can be proposed to patients with severe depression, whether of the bipolar, recurring or even neurotic type that can reach this level of severity.

  8. Re-reading "Little Hans": Freud's case study and the question of competing paradigms in psychoanalysis.

    PubMed

    Midgley, Nicholas

    2006-01-01

    Psychoanalysts have long recognized the complex interaction between clinical data and formal psychoanalytic theories. While clinical data are often used to provide "evidence" for psychoanalytic paradigms, the theoretical model used by the analyst also structures what can and cannot be seen in the data. This delicate interaction between theory and clinical data can be seen in the history of interpretations of Freud's "Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year-Old Boy" ("Little Hans"). Freud's himself revised his reading of the case in 1926, after which a number of psychoanalysts--including Melanie Klein, Jacques Lacan, and John Bowlby--reinterpreted the case in the light of their particular models of the mind. These analysts each found "evidence" for their theoretical model within this classic case study, and in doing so they illuminated aspects of the case that had previously been obscured, while also revealing a great deal about the shifting preoccupations of psychoanalysis as a field.

  9. Fires in Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Numerous thermal anomalies were detected on the Kamchatka Peninsula in northeastern Russia in late June and early July by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). Some of the anomalies (red dots) were fires, but at least one was the result of ongoing volcanic activity at one of the Peninsula's numerous active volcanoes. The erupting volcano, called Sheveluch, can be seen most clearly in the image from July 8, 2002. It is located in the upper right quadrant of the image, and appears as a grayish circular patch amid the surrounding green vegetation. In its center is a red dot indicating that MODIS detected a thermal signature coming from the restless volcano. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  10. Lena River, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This pair of true- and false-color images from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) from June 28, 2002, shows numerous burn scars dotting the northern Siberian landscape along the Lena River. In the true-color image, the burn scars appear dark grayish-brown, while in the false-color image they appear red, as does the bare exposed soil of the Verkhoyansk Mountain Range to the east of the north-flowing Lena. A tinge of blue along the mountains in the false-color image means there is some lingering snow or ice, and that the bare soil is due to spring's late arrival there, and not to burn scars. At the top, sea ice still fills the Laptev Sea. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  11. [The amazing treatment of ringworm in a Nantes hospital at the beginning of the 20th century].

    PubMed

    Blandin, Gaston

    2009-01-01

    In 1900, in Nantes, the ringworm was a real plague. Despite the very painful cares recovery could not be hoped before two years while the poor boys were roaming around far from school. At the Home St Jacques, a district for children suffering from ringworm and a department of electro-radiology were open where Doctor Gustave Bureau began to use X Rays to cure the ill hair and create a long lasting alopecia. The result was spectacular and patches disappeared in a few days. Besides three cases of radio dermatitis, there was no noticeable incident in spite of irradiation for twenty to twenty five minutes. The treatment has been used for about fifty years as it changed the life of the children till an effective drug. Then some studies showed the harmful long-term effects of such expositions to X rays.

  12. [Couching then and now].

    PubMed

    Bokhorst, Leonard P; Zegers, Richard H C

    2011-01-01

    Cataracts are the most important cause of acquired blindness worldwide. The oldest known surgical treatment for cataracts dates back to around 1,000 years before Christ. The Indian surgeon Sushruta described the technique of 'couching', in which the opaque lens is pushed from the line of vision using a needle. At the time of Alexander the Great this technique spread across Europe and then to the rest of the world. Couching was the only available treatment for cataracts for a long time, until the discovery of lens extraction by Jacques Daviel in 1748. Since then lens extraction has replaced couching in the western world, because of poor results and high complication rates. This procedure is, however, still practiced in areas of Africa and Asia.

  13. Flooding in Central China

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    During the summer of 2002, frequent, heavy rains gave rise to floods and landslides throughout China that have killed over 1,000 people and affected millions. This false-color image of the western Yangtze River and Dongting Lake in central China was acquired on August 21, 2002, by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. (right) The latest flooding crisis in China centers on Dingtong Lake in the center of the image. Heavy rains have caused it to swell over its banks and swamp lakefront towns in the province of Hunan. As of August 23, 2002, more than 250,000 people have been evacuated, and over one million people have been brought in to fortify the dikes around the lake. Normally the lake would appear much smaller and more defined in the MODIS image. Credit: Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC.

  14. Assessing the Risks for Modern Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    William, Jr.

    1998-05-01

    Some 35 years after Paul-Jacques and Pierre Curie discovered piezoelectricity, ultrasonic imaging was developed by Paul Langevin. During this work, ultrasonic energy was observed to have a detrimental biological effect. These observations were confirmed a decade later by R. W. Wood and A. L. Loomis. It was not until the early 1950s that ultrasonic exposure conditions were controlled and specified so that studies could focus on the mechanisms by which ultrasound influenced biological materials. In the late 1940s, pioneering work was initiated to image the human body by ultrasonic techniques. These engineers and physicians were aware of the deleterious ultrasound effects at sufficiently high levels; this endeavored them to keep the exposure levels reasonably low. Over the past three decades, diagnostic ultrasound has become a sophisticated technology. Yet, our understanding of the potential risks has not changed appreciably. It is very encouraging that human injury has never been attributed to clinical practice of diagnostic ultrasound.

  15. MODIS Views the Middle-East

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    To paraphrase English author T.H. White, borders are the one thing a man sees that a bird cannot see as it flies high overhead. For the 15th consecutive day, differences in ideology have sparked violence and tension in the middle-east as the rest of the world watches, concerned. This true-color image of the region was taken on September 10, 2000, by the MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. The image shows the lands of Israel along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, with the countries of Jordan to the southeast and Syria to the Northeast. Jerusalem, labeled, is Israel's capital city and Aman, labeled, is the capital of Jordan. The region known as the West Bank lies between the two countries. Running from north to south, the Jordan River links the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Group, NASA GSFC

  16. In the ruins of representation: identity, individuality, subjectification.

    PubMed

    Papadopoulos, Dimitris

    2008-03-01

    This paper explores a threefold shift in our understanding of identity formation and self-relationality: from an essentialist understanding of identity, to discursive and constructivist approaches, to, finally, the notion of embodied subjectification. The main target of this paper is to historicize these ideas and to localize them in the current social and political conditions of North-Atlantic societies. The core argument is that these three steps in reformulating the concept of identity correspond to an emerging form of subjectivity, affirmative subjectivity, which is bound to the proliferation of the post-Fordist reorganization of the social and political realm. The three theoretical shifts and their social situatedness will be illustrated through a rereading of some ideas from Lev S. Vygotsky's late theory, Michel Foucault's account of government and Jacques Rancière's political philosophy.

  17. Lewis Carroll and psychoanalysis: why nothing adds up in wonderland.

    PubMed

    Lane, Christopher

    2011-08-01

    Each generation of psychoanalyst has found different things to value and sometimes to censure in Lewis Carroll's remarkable fiction and flights of fancy. But what does Carroll's almost 'surrealist' perspective in the Alice stories tell us about the rituals and symbols that govern life beyond Wonderland and Looking-Glass World? Arguing that Carroll's strong interest in meaning and nonsense in these and later works helps make the world strange to readers, the better to show it off-kilter, this essay focuses on Jacques Lacan's Carroll - the writer-logician who stressed, as Lacan did, the difficulty and price of adapting to the symbolic order. By reconsidering Lacan's 1966 homage to the eccentric Victorian, I argue that Carroll's insight into meaning and interpretation remains of key interest to psychoanalysts intent on hearing all that he had to say about psychic life.

  18. Mountain regions in peril

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    The United Nations has declared 2002 the International Year of Mountains (IYM) to bring attention to a number of threats that affect ecosystems and human populations in mountainous and highland regions around the world.“More than half of humanity—3 billion people—relies on mountains for safe, fresh water, water to grow food, to produce electricity to sustain industries and, most important, water to drink,“ said Jacques Diouf, director-general of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, the primary IYM sponsor. “Yet, mountain glaciers, the source of water for many of the world's river systems and people, are melting at unprecedented rates.”

  19. The deconstructing angel: nursing, reflection and evidence-based practice.

    PubMed

    Rolfe, Gary

    2005-06-01

    This paper explores Jacques Derrida's strategy of deconstruction as a way of understanding and critiquing nursing theory and practice. Deconstruction has its origins in philosophy, but I argue that it is useful and relevant as a way of challenging the dominant paradigm of any discipline, including nursing. Because deconstruction is notoriously difficult to define, I offer a number of examples of deconstruction in action. In particular, I focus on three critiques of reflective practice by the meta-narrative of evidence-based practice (EBP) and attempt to show how those critiques can be directed back at EBP itself. I conclude with the observation that EBP is open to many of the criticisms that it directs at other discourses, including problems of a lack of empirical evidence, of distortions due to memory, and of falsification of the 'facts'.

  20. Progress in nickel toxicology

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, S.S.; Sunderman, F.W.

    1985-01-01

    The Third International Conference on Nickel Metabolism and Toxicology was held at the PLM St Jacques Hotel in Paris in September 1984, under the joint sponsorship of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), the Association of Clinical Scientists, and the Nickel Producers Environmental Research Association (NiPERA). The Paris Conference was attended by 150 participants from 19 countries, including many of the world's authorities on nickel in the areas of trace analysis, biochemistry, radiochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, pathology, immunology, industrial hygiene, epidemiology, occupational health and clinical medicine. The text of the Richard T. Barton memorial lecture and synopses of the scientific papers that were presented at the Conference are published in this volume.

  1. Volga River Delta and Caspian Sea

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This true-color MODIS image from May 10, 2002, captures Russia's Volga River (running south through the center) emptying into the northern portion of the Caspian Sea. The waters of the Caspian Sea are quite murky in this image, highlighting the water quality problems plaguing the sea. The sea is inundated with sewage and industrial and agricultural waste, which is having measurable impact on human health and wildlife. According reports from the Department of Energy, in less than a decade the sturgeon catch dropped from 30,000 tons to just over 2,000 tons. National and international groups are currently joining together to find strategies of dealing with the environmental problems of the Caspian Sea. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  2. Smoke and Sediments in Sicily

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The waters along the shoreline of Sicily appear bright aquamarine in this image from April 7, 2002. Although other satellite images occasionally show lightening along the coast of Sicily and southern Italy, the water is unusually bright in this image. The bright water may have been caused by a recent storm that either stirred up sediment from relatively shallow sea bottom, or could be a springtime phytoplankton bloom. (Distinguishing phytoplankton from sediment is one of the challenges facing NASA researchers who study life in the oceans from satellites.) Another interesting feature of this image is the smoke plume from Mount Etna that is streaming almost directly to the East (right). Mt. Etna is one of the world's most active volcanos, and erupts up to several times a year. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  3. [The diseases of Bossuet].

    PubMed

    Charon, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Jacques Bénigne Bossuet--nicknamed 'the Bright Eagle from Meaux' by Voltaire--died at 77, in his Parisian place of residence, on April 12th 1704. Which disease so took this robust prelate of Burgundian origin, bishop since he was 53 and whose active life had been filled with important duties and honours. If bibliography about his life is copious we owe before any trusting the testimony of his private secretary, priest François Le Dieu, whose diary describes everyday life in detail. Thus we know his fevers, skin rashes in 1699, and his bronchial and digestive problems and we can follow the evolution of his vesical lithiasis complicated with purulent, necrosing cystisis which led to the lethal evolution in spite of the efforts of renowned praticians.

  4. Wildfires in Eastern U.S.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Drought conditions have plagued the Appalachian Mountains in October and November, and low relative humidity combined with dry leaves on the ground has created extreme fire danger in many eastern states. This true-color MODIS image made from data collected on November 13, 2001, shows smoke from numerous fires (indicated in red), predominantly in southern West Virginia (image center), Kentucky (to the southwest), and Tennessee (south). The fires, at least some of which are likely the result of arson, have burned thousands of acres throughout the region. Unfortunately for those people fighting the fires, the fire danger is likely to remain high, with no significant rain expected in the near term. South of Lake Erie, the southernmost of the Great Lakes, numerous aircraft contrails crisscross Ohio. Water vapor emitted with engine exhaust condenses in the cold, dry air at high altitudes, leaving behind a trail of condensation--a contrail. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  5. Bcl-2 regulation of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor and calcium signaling in normal and malignant lymphocytes: potential new target for cancer treatment.

    PubMed

    Greenberg, Edward F; Lavik, Andrew R; Distelhorst, Clark W

    2014-10-01

    The anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 is a versatile regulator of cell survival. Its interactions with its own pro-apoptotic family members are widely recognized for their role in promoting the survival of cancer cells. These interactions are thus being targeted for cancer treatment. Less widely recognized is the interaction of Bcl-2 with the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R), an InsP3-gated Ca(2+) channel located on the endoplasmic reticulum. The nature of this interaction, the mechanism by which it controls Ca(2+) release from the ER, its role in T-cell development and survival, and the possibility of targeting it as a novel cancer treatment strategy are summarized in this review. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Calcium signaling in health and disease. Guest Editors: Geert Bultynck, Jacques Haiech, Claus W. Heizmann, Joachim Krebs, and Marc Moreau.

  6. Pierre Curie, 1859–1906

    PubMed Central

    Mould, R.F.

    2007-01-01

    The year 2006 marked 100 years since the death of Pierre Curie. It is therefore appropriate that we remember his life and his work, which was cut short by his untimely death from an accident on the Pont Neuf, Paris, on April 19, 1906. He had already accomplished much during his life, both before the discovery of radium with Marie Curie, in work co-authored with his brother Jacques on piezoelectricity, and afterwards, when he published the results of several experimental studies with radium and radon. He came from a medical family, and his grandfather Pierre Curie was a famous homeopathic physician. He has, in print, unfairly been relegated to the background—his own scientific contributions having been overtaken by the fame of Marie Curie, probably because she outlived him by 28 years. PMID:17576470

  7. Pierre curie, 1859-1906.

    PubMed

    Mould, R F

    2007-04-01

    The year 2006 marked 100 years since the death of Pierre Curie. It is therefore appropriate that we remember his life and his work, which was cut short by his untimely death from an accident on the Pont Neuf, Paris, on April 19, 1906. He had already accomplished much during his life, both before the discovery of radium with Marie Curie, in work co-authored with his brother Jacques on piezoelectricity, and afterwards, when he published the results of several experimental studies with radium and radon. He came from a medical family, and his grandfather Pierre Curie was a famous homeopathic physician. He has, in print, unfairly been relegated to the background-his own scientific contributions having been overtaken by the fame of Marie Curie, probably because she outlived him by 28 years.

  8. [Montesquieu visually impaired, then blind (January 1689- February 1755)].

    PubMed

    Battin, Jacques

    2014-01-01

    The correspondence of Montesquieu published by the Oxford Foundation informs about visual disorders of the founder of the socio-political science. The examination of his bust's face done by J.B. Lemoyne reveals a divergent squint of the left eye; the one with which he fold that he only could see big objects. This amblyopia was a premature and prolonged embarrassment. During the last ten years of his life, from 1748, date of publication of the Esprit des lois up to his death in 1755 he was blind because of the cataract of the other eye. He has not able to bust in surgery, while the French surgeon Jacques Daviel already proceeded to the extraction of the lens as we do it nowadays.

  9. "Secrets of the female sex": Jane Sharp, the reproductive female body, and early modern midwifery manuals.

    PubMed

    Hobby, E

    2001-01-01

    Early modern midwifery manuals in Britain were usually the work of men. These books were a significant source of information about the body to the wider reading public: many sold well, and their prefatory materials include injunctions to readers not to make improper use of them. What is particularly interesting about Jane Sharp's Midwives Book (1671) is that it both provides a compendium of current beliefs concerning reproduction, and indicates the author's ironic perception of the misogyny that underpinned accepted ideas about the female reproductive body. This article gives key examples of Sharp's interventions, and also refers to Thomas Bartholin, Bartholinus Anatomy (1688); Richard Bunworth, The Doctresse (1656); Hugh Chamberlen, The Accomplisht Midwife (1673); The Compleat Midwifes Practice (1656); Helkiah Crooke, Microcosmographia (1615); Nicholas Culpeper, A Directory for Midwives (1651); Jacques Guillemeau, Childbirth (1612); Jean Riolan, A Sure Guide (1657); Daniel Sennert, Practical Physick (1664); William Sermon, The Ladies Companion (1671); and Percival Willughby, Observations in Midwifery (c. 1675).

  10. Resistance, rupture and repetition: Civil society strategies against intimate partner violence in Cambodia.

    PubMed

    Lilja, Mona; Baaz, Mikael

    2016-01-01

    This paper offers a new interpretation of the 'resistance' carried out by local civil society organisations in Cambodia against intimate partner violence (IPV). In this, the paper explores the nexus between 'rupture', 'resistance' and 'repetition' and concludes that different 'repetitions' can contribute to acts of violence while simultaneously creating possibilities for resisting IPV. In regard to the latter, the concept of 'rupture' is investigated as a performative politics through which organisations try to disrupt the 'repetitions' of violent masculinities. Furthermore, it is argued that the importance of 'repetitions' and the concept of time should be acknowledged. The French criminal defence lawyer Jacques Vergès' understanding of 'rupture' and the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze's notions of 'repetition' inform the analysis. To exemplify our discussion and findings, the paper embraces stories of a number of civil society workers who facilitate various men's groups in Cambodia in order to negotiate the practice of IPV.

  11. Electronic Medical Records and the Technological Imperative: The Retrieval of Dialogue in Community-Based Primary Care.

    PubMed

    Franz, Berkeley; Murphy, John W

    2015-01-01

    Electronic medical records are regarded as an important tool in primary health-care settings. Because these records are thought to standardize medical information, facilitate provider communication, and improve office efficiency, many practices are transitioning to these systems. However, much of the concern with improving the practice of record keeping has related to technological innovations and human-computer interaction. Drawing on the philosophical reflection raised in Jacques Ellul's work, this article questions the technological imperative that may be supporting medical record keeping. Furthermore, given the growing emphasis on community-based care, this article discusses important non-technological aspects of electronic medical records that might bring the use of these records in line with participatory primary-care medicine.

  12. STS-65 crewmembers and backup participate in bench review at Boeing Building

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    STS-65 crewmembers, wearing clean suits, look over equipment to be carried aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, for the scheduled July flight of the second International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) mission. Surrounding a table full of equipment at Boeing's Flight Equipment Processing Facility near the Johnson Space Center (JSC), are (left to right) Mission Specialist (MS) Leroy Chiao, MS Donald A. Thomas, Commander Robert D. Cabana, Payload Specialist Chiaki Mukai, Payload Commander (PLC) Richard J. Hieb, and backup (alternate) payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier. Mukai represents Japan's National Space Development Agency (NASDA) and Favier represents France's Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales. Photo taken by NASA JSC contract photographer Scott A. Wickes.

  13. STS-65 crewmembers and backup participate in bench review at Boeing Building

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    Attired in clean suits, STS-65 Payload Commander (PLC) Richard J. Hieb (left), backup (alternate) payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier (center), and Payload Specialist Chiaki Mukai look over equipment to be carried aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, for the scheduled July flight of the second International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) mission. Hygiene supplies including plaid lintless towels are stacked on the table in front of the crewmembers. The bench review and equipment inspection took place at the Boeing Flight Equipment Processing Facility (FEPF) near the Johnson Space Center (JSC). Mukai represents Japan's National Space Development Agency (NASDA) and Favier represents France's Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). Photo taken by NASA JSC contract photographer Scott A. Wickes.

  14. Smog Obscures Chinese Coast

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Most of southeastern China has been covered by a thick greyish shroud of aerosol pollution over the last few weeks. The smog is so thick it is difficult to see the surface in some regions of this scene, acquired on January 7, 2002. The city of Hong Kong is the large brown cluster of pixels toward the lower lefthand corner of the image (indicated by the faint black box). The island of Taiwan, due east of mainland China, is also blanketed by the smog. This true-color image was captured by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor, flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  15. [The complex travel of cinchona barks between Peru and Québec Hôtel-Dieu, in the middle of the eighteenth century].

    PubMed

    Simon, Lorène; Lafont, Olivier

    2016-03-01

    Duplessis sisters, who were religious nuns in Hôtel-Dieu (Quebec hospital), were exchanging letters with a French apothecary from Dieppe in Normandy, named Jacques-Tranquilain Féret. They asked him to send them in Quebec the drugs and medicines their apothecary needed. Amongst these drugs were cinchona barks that came from Callao in Peru by boat, passed Cape Horn and then sailed to Cadiz, the great Spanish port. Then they embarked to Rouen, which was the French port for goods coming from overseas. The goods from Peru had then to be transported on little fishing boats to Dieppe, where Féret received the barks. The apothecary sent these drugs to Quebec by boats sailing either from Rouen or from La Rochelle. So these Peruvian drugs had to cross two times the Ocean before accessing to North America.

  16. James Cameron discusses record dive and science concerns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy; Balcerak, Ernie

    2012-12-01

    James Cameron, the explorer and filmmaker, led a 4 December panel at the AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco to discuss his daring dive on 26 March to the bottom of the ocean in a one-person vertical "torpedo" submarine, the Deepsea Challenger, and to present some initial science findings from expedition samples and data. The dive touched the bottom of the Challenger Deep, a valley in the floor of the nearly 11-kilometer-deep Mariana Trench in the western Pacific Ocean. The vessel landed close to the same depth and at a location similar to where Don Walsh and Jacques Piccard descended in the Trieste bathyscaphe on 23 January 1960 at a then record-setting depth of 10,911 meters.

  17. De Garengeot’s Hernia – A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge

    PubMed Central

    Anekal, Nagaraja; Rathnakar, Surag Kajoor

    2016-01-01

    De Garengeot’s hernia is an eponym for femoral hernia containing vermiform appendix as its content and is named after Rene-Jacques croissant De Garengeot after he first described the condition in 1731. We present a case of a 38-year-old woman who presented with right inguinal swelling for 15 years associated with pain and vomiting for 2 days. Clinical examination revealed an irreducible femoral hernia. Emergency surgery was done and inflamed appendix was found as content of the sac. Appendectomy followed by mesh repair was done. Standard treatment protocol does not exist owing to its rarity and the outcome depends on the time of diagnosis and treatment given. A low inguinal approach is reasonable and use of polypropylene mesh warrants further study. This article is being presented because of its rarity and intends to briefly discuss the surgical pitfalls and considerations through an up-to-date literature review. PMID:28050438

  18. Dust storm in Chad

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Lake Chad (lower left) and the surrounding wetlands are under increasing pressure from desertification. The encroachment of the Sahara occurs with creeping sand dunes and major dust storms, such as the one pictured in this MODIS image from October 28, 2001. The amount of open water (lighter green patch within the darker one) has declined markedly over the last decades and the invasion of dunes is creating a rippled effect through the wetlands that is all too clear in the high-resolution images. Growing population and increasing demands on the lake give it an uncertain future. The loss of such an important natural resource will have profound effects on the people who depend on the rapidly diminishing source of fresh water. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  19. Bryan Coast, English Coast, Alexander Island, Fallieres Coast, and Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This image of Antarctica shows the Bryan Coast (lower left), the English Coast (lower central), Alexander Island (middle right), the Fallieres Coast (top right), and the Bellingshausen Sea. The entire continent has been dedicated to peaceful scientific investigation since 1961, with the signing of the Antarctic Treaty.The waters surrounding Antarctica are intensely cold. Salt water freezes at -2C, allowing sea ice to form. The middle left portion of the image shows quite a lot of sea ice in the Bellingshausen Sea. During the Antarctic winter, when data for this image was acquired, Antarctica doubles in size to about 28.5 million square km (or about 11 million square miles), and temperatures in the -60C range are common.This true-color image was compiled from MODIS data gathered March 29, 2002. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  20. Thinking in the space between Winnicott and Lacan.

    PubMed

    Luepnitz, Deborah Anna

    2009-10-01

    The author, following André Green, maintains that the two most original psychoanalytic thinkers since Freud were Donald Winnicott and Jacques Lacan. Winnicott, it has been said, introduced the comic tradition into psychoanalysis, while Lacan sustained Freud's tragic/ironic vision. Years of mutual avoidance by their followers (especially of Lacan by Anglophone clinicians) has arguably diminished understanding of the full spectrum of psychoanalytic thought. The author outlines some basic constructs of Winnicott and of Lacan, including: their organizing tropes of selfhood versus subjectivity, their views of the "mirror stage", and their definitions of the aims of treatment. While the ideas of Winnicott and Lacan appear at some points complementary, the goal is not to integrate them into one master discourse, but rather to bring their radically different paradigms into provocative contact. A clinical vignette is offered to demonstrate concepts from Lacan and Winnicott, illustrating what it might mean to think and teach in the potential space between them.

  1. Rethinking the Buy vs. Lease Decision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-04-30

    mêçÖê~ãW= `êÉ~íáåÖ=póåÉêÖó=Ñçê=fåÑçêãÉÇ=`Ü~åÖÉ= - 23 - The United Kingdom approved a similar plan to lease tankers via a private finance initiative...bäÉîÉåíÜ=^ååì~ä=^Åèìáëáíáçå= oÉëÉ~êÅÜ=póãéçëáìã= qÜìêëÇ~ó=pÉëëáçåë= sçäìãÉ=ff= = Rethinking the Buy vs. Lease Decision Jacques Gansler, University...Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302

  2. Pyroelectricity in Polycrystalline Ferroelectrics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiménez, R.; Jiménez, B.

    The first reference to pyroelectric effect is by Theophrastus in 314 BC, who noted that tourmaline becomes charged because it attracted bits of straw and ash when heated. Tourmaline's properties were reintroduced in Europe in 1707 by Johann George Schmidt, who also noted the attractive properties of the mineral when heated. Pyroelectricity was first described by Louis Lemery in 1717. In 1747, Linnaeus first related the phenomenon to electricity, although this was not proven until 1756 by Franz Ulrich Thodor Aepinus. In 1824, Sir David Brewster gave the effect the name it has today. William Thomson in 1878 and Voight in 1897 helped develop a theory for the processes behind pyroelectricity. Pierre Curie and his brother, Jacques Curie, studied pyroelectricity in the 1880s, leading to their discovery of some of the mechanisms behind piezoelectricity.

  3. Les Droits de l'Homme et l'Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Best, Francine

    2002-07-01

    The 21st century will, we hope, be the century of education or, as Jacques Delors put it in his report for UNESCO, the century of "lifelong learning". But this hope will only be realised if education is the subject and aim of a universal right. This right is enshrined in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which ought to be recognised in all countries of the world as the set of principles that should guide human action. The recognition of these rights should lead to a functioning democracy within educational establishments, where the rules of life should be the same for all: pupils, teachers and administrators. It is no less essential that human rights should constitute guiding principles for educational practice. The United Nations Decade for Human Rights (1995-2004) is an outstanding opportunity for each state to establish a plan of action for a true programme of human rights education.

  4. Critique and cure: a dream of uniting psychoanalysis and philosophy.

    PubMed

    Webster, Jamieson

    2013-06-01

    Critical theory, whose aim was to historicize philosophy through integrating it with the social sciences, turned to psychoanalysis to find its way through an accounting of philosophy after the Second World War. Over 50 years after this initial project, the rift between philosophy and psychoanalysis has never been greater. If Jacques Lacan could be considered one of the few psychoanalysts to maintain and foster links to philosophical thought in the latter half of the 20th century, his work has sadly remained marginal in the clinical field throughout America and Europe. Both critical theory and Lacan remain skeptical of the direction taken by psychoanalysis after Freud. Reflecting on the history of these two disciplines, as well as through an examination of Theodor Adorno's posthumously published dream journal, critique and cure emerge as two dialectically intertwined themes that gain momentum in the dream of the unification of the philosophical and psychoanalytic projects.

  5. 1994 Geophysical images contest entries sought

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    As part of AGU's 75th Anniversary year, entries are sought for the 1994 Geophysical Images Contest. Over ninety photographs, computer graphics, posters, maps, slides, and videos were submitted in 1993. The winning images were displayed at the AGU Spring Meeting in Baltimore, and again at the Fall Meeting in San Francisco, along with the other images submitted.First place winner in the computer graphics section was “Western Mediterranean Sea Salinity Field,” submitted by Jacques Haus. Honorable Mentions went to Wei-jia Su for “A View of Whole Mantle Heterogeneity” and Toshiro Tanimoto, Paul Morin, David Yuen, and Yu-Shen Zhang for “Visualization of the Earth's Upper Mantle.”

  6. (Thioredoxin and glutaredoxin systems)

    SciTech Connect

    Hartman, F.C.

    1990-07-19

    This report describes the Jacques Monod Conference on Intracellular Redox Control in Animals, Plants and Microrganisms by Thioredoxin and Glutaredoxin Systems,'' which was held in Roscoff, France, on July 1--7, 1990. I was given the opportunity to lecture on my group's work concerning chemical characterization of phosphoribulokinase and its regulation by thioredoxin. I was also asked to chair a half-day session on thioredoxin reductases, a family of regulatory proteins that are involved in processes as diverse as DNA replication in mammals and carbon fluxes through the Calvin cycle in plants. As a major theme of the conference was structure/function relationships of proteins, most topics were of direct relevance to many research endeavors in the Biology Division of ORNL.

  7. [Art nouveau: pharmacy shops in Nancy].

    PubMed

    Leclerc, Florence; Labrude, Pierre

    2002-01-01

    At the beginning of the 20th century, an important artistic activity develops in Nancy. The "Ecole de Nancy" transforms a provincial city into one of the metropolis of "Art Nouveau". The pharmacists participate at the activity of their town and eight of them choose the new style for their pharmacy. In 1902, Rosfelder is the first to modify his shop, and later, Jacques, Delidon, Mouzin, Godfrin brothers, Monal and Fandre, before, during and after the First World War, have a same step. For the ornament, the artists use plants derived from local medicinal flora. "Art Nouveau", adept of curves, appears to be ideal to symbolize vegetable kingdom. In these pharmacy shops, fine arts join materia medica.

  8. Nelson River and Hudson Bay

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Rivers that empty into large bodies of water can have a significant impact on the thawing of nearshore winter ice. This true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from May 18, 2001, shows the Nelson River emptying spring runoff from the Manitoba province to the south into the southwestern corner of Canada's Hudson Bay. The warmer waters from more southern latitudes hasten melting of ice near the shore, though some still remained, perhaps because in shallow coastal waters, the ice could have been anchored to the bottom. High volumes of sediment in the runoff turned the inflow brown, and the rim of the retreating ice has taken on a dirty appearance even far to the east of the river's entrance into the Bay. The sediment would have further hastened the melting of the ice because its darker color would have absorbed more solar radiation than cleaner, whiter ice. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  9. The Balkans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The Transylvanian Basin in Romania stands out in brilliant green in this image from the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on May 3, 2002. Near the top of the image, the hilly, forested basin is tucked in between the Carpathian Mountains, running northwest-southeast, and the Transylvanian Alps, running west-east. To the right of the image is the Black Sea. The large patch of turquoise water in the Black Sea is a large phytoplankton bloom. At the bottom of the image, the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara is ringed by Greece (left) and Turkey (right). Please note that the high-resolution scene provided here is 500 meters per pixel. For a copy of this scene at the sensor?s fullest (250-m) resolution, visit the MODIS Rapidfire site. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  10. Typhoon Mitag Northeast of the Philippines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Now downgraded to a tropical depression, Typhoon Mitag can be seen at full strength in this true-color image taken on March 6, 2002, by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. The green islands in the lower left-hand corner of the image are the Philippines. The typhoon, which formed to the south, moved northward late last week and skirted dangerously close to the Philippines before turning northwest and dissipating in the Philippine Sea late this week. On Monday, March 4, 2002, the typhoon bore sustained winds of 160 kilometers (99 miles) per hour and gusts of up to 195 kilometers (121 miles) per hour. On average, roughly 20 tropical storms and typhoons pass through this region of the Pacific Ocean each year. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  11. Getting ahead of one's self? The common culture of immunology and philosophy.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Warwick

    2014-09-01

    During the past thirty years, immunological metaphors, motifs, and models have come to shape much social theory and philosophy. Immunology, so it seems, often has served to naturalize claims about self, identity, and sovereignty--perhaps most prominently in Jacques Derrida's later studies. Yet the immunological science that functions as "nature" in these social and philosophical arguments is derived from interwar and Cold War social theory and philosophy. Theoretical immunologists and social theorists knowingly participated in a common culture. Thus the "naturalistic fallacy" in this case might be reframed as an error of categorization: its conditions of possibility would require ceaseless effort to purify and separate out the categories of nature and culture. The problem--inasmuch as there is a problem-therefore is not so much the making of an appeal to nature as assuming privileged access to an independent, sovereign category called "nature".

  12. 'To Paint the Portrait of a Bird': analytic work from the perspective of a 'developmental' Jungian.

    PubMed

    Morgan, Helen

    2012-02-01

    Jungians who are trained in the so-called 'Developmental School' straddle the two worlds of psychoanalysis and classical Jungian thinking. This is not always an easy position in which to be, but if the tensions can be held it is potentially a rich and creative way of working. In this paper I attempt to explore this position using the poem, 'To Paint the Portrait of a Bird' by Jacques Prévert as a metaphor for the analytic endeavour. From this perspective I hope to illustrate the importance of being able on the one hand to hold and maintain a clear frame for the careful and detailed exploration of the transference within which the more malign aspects of the psyche might be expressed, and, on the other, to allow the alchemical process of mutual transformation that lies outside the conscious understanding of the analytic couple.

  13. "Unnatural" thoughts? On moral enhancement of the human animal.

    PubMed

    Swazo, Norman K

    2017-02-15

    Recent discussions about moral enhancement presuppose and recommend sets of values that relate to both the Western tradition of moral philosophy and contemporary empirical results of natural and social sciences, including moral psychology. It is argued here that this is a typology of thought that requires a fundamental interrogation. Proponents of moral enhancement do not account for important critical analyses of moral discourse, beginning with that of Friedrich Nietzsche and continuing with more prominent twentieth century thinkers such as the poststructuralist Michel Foucault, the deconstructionist Jacques Derrida, and the moral philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre. In this paper, such analyses are taken into account to highlight the need for more fundamental philosophical interrogation of the project of moral enhancement.

  14. Medical science, culture, and truth

    PubMed Central

    Gillett, Grant

    2006-01-01

    There is a fairly closed circle between culture, language, meaning, and truth such that the world of a given culture is a world understood in terms of the meanings produced in that culture. Medicine is, in fact, a subculture of a powerful type and has its own language and understanding of the range of illnesses that affect human beings. So how does medicine get at the truth of people and their ills in such a way as to escape its own limited constructions? There is a way out of the closed circle implicit in the idea of a praxis and the engagement with reality that is central to it and the further possibility introduced by Jacques Lacan that signification is never comprehensive in relation to the subject's encounter with the real. I will explore both of these so as to develop a conception of truth that is apt for the knowledge that arises in the clinic. PMID:17178003

  15. Modelling study on buffering pH and retaining U using a simplified uranium mill tailings pile example

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacques, Diederik; Simunek, Jirka

    2014-05-01

    The hypothetical problem that is presented here considers the release and migration of uranium from a simplified uranium mill tailings pile towards a river. The modeling exercise with the coupled reactive transport model HP2 illustrates the effect of the geochemical conceptual model for sorption on (i) the buffering of the pH in the soil/aquifer system and (ii) the retention of U in the soil. The HP2 module, which couples the PHREEQC geochemical code with HYDRUS (2D/3D), is a two-dimensional equivalent of the one-dimensional HP1 program that was first released in 2005 (Jacques et al., 2008), and used successfully in many applications. Sorption of U is described using a multi-site cation exchange model (see Jacques et al., 2008). This sorption model also buffers the acid pH due to proton exchange. Two scenarios are considered: a soil with a relatively low (8.1 × 10-3 mol/kg) and relatively high (8.1 × 10-2 mol/kg) sorption capacity. In the third scenario, specific sorption of U and other cations and anions on Fe-oxides is described using a non-electrostatic surface complexation model with a very low capacity (8.1 × 10-4 mol/kg), in addition to low exchange complexation. Proton exchange on the cation exchanger buffers the acidity by replacing calcium with protons on the exchanger; the spatial extent of the pH-perturbed region is smaller in the scenario with the higher exchange capacity. Specific sorption has only a small effect on the pH-perturbed zone, although it is important to note that its capacity is one order of magnitude lower than in the scenario with the low sorption capacity. U reaches the river system within 1000 d in scenarios with low and high exchange capacities. Only in the scenario with specific sorption, U migration within the ground water system is retarded, compared to the other two cases. The results of the three scenarios do not seem to be intuitive, especially the equally fast movement of U in the scenario with a high exchange capacity

  16. HPx - a tool for simulating interactive biohydrogeochemical processes in soil systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacques, Diederik; Simunek, Jirka

    2014-05-01

    During the last two decades, different numerical codes have been developed capable of simulating interactive physical, hydrological, biological, and geochemical processes in porous media. The simulator HPx, which couples the HYDRUS codes with PHREEQC, is one of the state-of-the-art models, which specializes in variably-saturated soil systems and explicitly accounts for atmospheric boundary conditions (precipitation and potential evapotranspiration) and root water uptake. It combines most of the advanced features of the two individual codes (Jacques et al., 2008). The versatility of the HPx code is illustrated in this presentation using several examples. An overview of different physical and geochemical conceptual models is also provided. The first example shows the results of a benchmark test, in which combined effects of mineral dissolution and precipitation on changes in physical properties during both porosity increase and clogging were simulated. The second example illustrates the flexibility of the model to include a soil organic matter submodel when simultaneously simulating organic matter degradation and CO2 diffusion in a variably-saturated soil. Since the HPx codes also simulate heat transport in the soil, they can account for fluctuations of kinetic parameters throughout the year due to their temperature dependency. Global seasonal variations in soil pCO2 and soil organic pools followed expected behavior, whereas daily values of soil pCO2 clearly exhibited the effects of daily and spatially variable temperatures and water contents on the biologically-controlled kinetic parameters. The last example illustrates the inclusion of various conceptual models for root solute uptake into the HPx modeling framework. Due to close link with the chemistry of pore water, parameters needed in the uptake equations may depend, in addition to their dependency on root system and ion uptake characteristics, also on the geochemistry of the system, resulting in time

  17. The G8-global healthcare applications project (GHAP) - recommendations for the way into the information society

    PubMed

    Dietzel

    1999-12-16

    The Global Healthcare Applications Project has sought to demonstrate the potential of telematics in the field of medicine and healthcare and to promote joint approaches to issues such as the setting of standards. This has been done through 10 sub-projects covering a range of applications and issues: 1. Towards a global public health information network - Coordinator: Germany (Ulrich Laaser, ulaaser@mail.uni-bielefeld.de; URL: http://health.ibs.uni-bielefeld. de/i-jphe/database/documents/abstract/laaser-g7.htm(C45-60_laaser-g7. pdf) 2. Improving prevention, early detection, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. - Coordinator: France (Gerard Brugal, gerard. brugal@imag.fr; URL: http://pathconsult.imag.fr/G7/G7_index.html) 3. Improving prevention, diagnosis and treatment of major cardiovascular diseases. - Coordinator: Italy (Attilio Maseri, amaseri@rm.unicatt.it; URL: http://www.g7cardio.org) 4. International concerted action for collaboration in telemedicine. - Coordinator: Canada (Andre Lacroix, lacroixa@ere.umontreal.ca; URL: http:// www.g7sp4.org) 5. Enabling mechanisms for a global healthcare network, including Internet connectivity. - Coordinator: UK (Ray Rogers, r.rogers@mcmail.com; URL: http://www.ehto.be/sp5) 6. International harmonisation of the use of data cards in healthcare: Internet Connectivity Coordinator: USA (Elliot R. Siegel, siegel@nlm.nih.gov; URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/) - Smart Cards and information exchange security in health care Joint Coordinators: France, European Commission, Italy and Germany (Jacques Sauret, jacques.sauret@sante.gouv.fr and G8-HC@sesam-vitale.fr; URL: http:/www.sesam-vitale.fr/Projects/Netlink-G7-En/) 7. Evidence and effectiveness. - Coordinator: Canada (Andrew Penn, andrew. penn@ualberta.ca; URL: http://www.medlib.com/spi/web.htm) 8. Multilingual anatomical digital database. - Coordinator: USA (Michael J. Ackermann; URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov) 9. Medical image reference centre. - Coordinator: Japan (Eturo Kashiwagi

  18. PREFACE: International Conference "Trends in Spintronics and Nanomagnetism" (TSN-2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maruccio, Giuseppe; Sanvito, Stefano; Hoffmann, Germar; Wiesendanger, Roland; Rowan, Alan

    2011-03-01

    Conference banner The International Conference "Trends in Spintronics and Nanomagnetism" (TSN-2010), was organized by partners of the EU-project SpiDME and held in the historical city of Lecce, Italy from 23-27 May 2010, at the Ecotekne Campus, University of Salento. The conference provided an international forum to discuss recent progress and future trends in the field. In particular, the aim was to bring together the community of more conventional spin-transport, with that of molecular and nano-magnetism. The main topics of TSN-2010 were: MATERIALSSPIN-PHYSICS AND THEORY - Molecular Magnets- Spin injection - Magnetic nanoparticles and nanowires- Domain walls, spin torque and vortex dynamics - Magnetic semiconductors- Numerical modeling of organic nanomagnetism - Multiferroics and transition metal oxides APPLICATIONSADVANCES IN CHARACTERIZATION - Magnetic Multilayers- Magneto-optical characterization and spin manipulation - Spin-photonics- Intrinsic spin transport mechanism in organics - Molecular and nano-spintronics- Organometallic molecules on surfaces - Spin-based quantum computation- Single molecular magnets on surfaces - Magnetism for sensing and nanomedicine- Nanoscale characterization and spin-sensitive SPM The scientific programme started on Monday 24 May and ended on Thursday 27 May. The Nobel Laureate A Fert attended the conference giving a plenary talk and the programme also featured invited presentations by (in alphabetical order): M Aeschlimann, M Affronte, N Atodiresei, P A Bobbert, A Dediu, N Kioussis, L W Molenkamp, J Moodera, V Prigodin, M Ruben, R Sessoli, R Tan, and H Wende. TSN2010 had 150 attendees who came from around the globe to present their latest research in 100 oral presentations. Contributed talks were selected by the program committee, composed of Giuseppe Maruccio, Ross Rinaldi, Valentina Arima, Fabio Della Sala, Maurizio Martino (Universitá del Salento, NNL Institute Nanoscience-CNR, Lecce, Italy), Stefano Sanvito (Trinity College

  19. Assessment of chemical element migration in soil-plant complex of Urov endemic localities of East Transbaikalia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vadim V., Ermakov; Valentina, Danilova; Sabsbakhor, Khushvakhtova; Aklexander, Degtyarev; Sergey, Tyutikov; Victor, Berezkin; Elena, Karpova

    2014-05-01

    - Salicaceae) and selenium (needles of larch - Larix sibirica L.) were found among the plants. References 1. Ermakov V., Jovanovic L. Characteristics of selenium migration in soil-plant system of East Meshchera and Transbaikalia// J. Geochem. Explor., 2010. Vol. 107, 200-205. 2. Ermakov Vadim, Jovanovic Larisa, Berezkin Victor, Tyutikov Sergey, Danilogorskaya Anastasiya, Danilova Valentina, Krechetova Elena, Degtyarev Alexander, Khushvakhtova Sabsbakhor. Chemical assessment of soil and water of Urov biogeochemical provinces of Eastern Transbaikalia// Ecologica, 2012. Vol. 19, 69, 5-9. 3. Ermakov V.V., Tuytikov S.F. Khushvakhtova S.D., Danilova V.N. Boev V.A., Barabanschikova R.N., Chudinova E.A. Peculiarities of quantitative determination of selenium in biological materials// Bulletin of the Tyumen State University Press, 2010, 3, 206-214. Supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant number 12-05-00141a.

  20. Metaphor in psychosis: on the possible convergence of Lacanian theory and neuro-scientific research

    PubMed Central

    Ribolsi, Michele; Feyaerts, Jasper; Vanheule, Stijn

    2015-01-01

    Starting from the theories of leading psychiatrists, like Kraepelin and de Clérambault, the French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan (1901–1981) formulated an original theory of psychosis, focusing on the subject and on the structuring role of language. In particular, he postulated that language makes up the experience of subjectivity and that psychosis is marked by the absence of a crucial metaphorization process. Interestingly, in contemporary psychiatry there is growing empirical evidence that schizophrenia is characterized by abnormal interpretation of verbal and non-verbal information, with a great difficulty to put such information in the appropriate context. Neuro-scientific contributions have investigated this difficulty suggesting the possibility of interpreting schizophrenia as a semiotic disorder which makes the patients incapable of understanding the figurative meaning of the metaphoric speech, probably due to a dysfunction of certain right hemisphere areas, such as the right temporoparietal junction and the right superior/middle temporal gyrus. In this paper we first review the Lacanian theory of psychosis and neuro-scientific research in the field of symbolization and metaphoric speech. Next, we discuss possible convergences between both approaches, exploring how they might join and inspire one another. Clinical and neurophysiological research implications are discussed. PMID:26089805

  1. The products of the imagination: psychoanalytic theory and postmodern literary criticism.

    PubMed

    Souter, K T

    2000-12-01

    This article considers some of the affinities between postmodern literary theory and the psychoanalytic theories concerned with intersubjective phenomena. Postmodern literary theory is described briefly, and it is argued that one of its major concerns is the nature of, and the political and cultural influences on, subjectivity and identity. Despite that, postmodernism generally, and literary postmodernism in particular, can be said to lack a theory of the psychological and interpersonal dimensions of the experience of self. This article contends that the more relational schools of psychoanalytic theory can provide an example of the construction of selfhood that is of importance to contemporary and postmodern literary criticism. The academy has, to a considerable extent identified 'psychoanalysis' with the work of Jacques Lacan, but since the 1980s the work of such theorists as Jane Flax and Jessica Benjamin, building on the work of Nancy Chodorow, have increasingly opened up the possibilities of relational and object relations theory for literary studies. The relational psychoanalytic theories operate in the same epistemological universe as postmodern literary criticism, congruent with the postmodern idea of 'truth' as constructed and relational, and selfhood as shifting, contingent, and always-in-process. Particular attention is paid to the work of Wilfred Bion, whose understanding of self provides an account both of the failure of meaning, and of the development of mind. Some examples of a relational approach to literary analysis are provided.

  2. Grand Canyon, Lake Powell, and Lake Mead

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A snowfall in the American West provides contrast to the landscape's muted earth tones and indicates changes in topography and elevation across (clockwise from top left) Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. In Utah, the southern ranges of the Wasatch Mountains are covered in snow, and the Colorado River etches a dark ribbon across the red rock of the Colorado Plateau. In the center of the image is the reservoir created by the Glen Canyon Dam. To the east are the gray-colored slopes of Navaho Mountain, and to the southeast, dusted with snow is the region called Black Mesa. Southwest of Glen Canyon, the Colorado enters the Grand Canyon, which cuts westward through Arizona. At a deep bend in the river, the higher elevations of the Keibab Plateau have held onto snow. At the end of the Grand Canyon lies another large reservoir, Lake Mead, which is formed by the Hoover Dam. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  3. 'We hold these truths to be self-evident': deconstructing 'evidence-based' medical practice.

    PubMed

    Devisch, Ignaas; Murray, Stuart J

    2009-12-01

    Rationale, aims and objectives Evidence-based medicine (EBM) claims to be based on 'evidence', rather than 'intuition'. However, EBM's fundamental distinction between quantitative 'evidence' and qualitative 'intuition' is not self-evident. The meaning of 'evidence' is unclear and no studies of quality exist to demonstrate the superiority of EBM in health care settings. This paper argues that, despite itself, EBM holds out only the illusion of conclusive scientific rigour for clinical decision making, and that EBM ultimately is unable to fulfil its own structural criteria for 'evidence'. Methods Our deconstructive analysis of EBM draws on the work of the French philosopher, Jacques Derrida. Deconstruction works in the name of justice to lay bare, to expose what has been hidden from view. In plain language, we deconstruct EBM's paradigm of 'evidence', the randomized controlled trial (RCT), to demonstrate that there cannot be incontrovertible evidence for EBM as such. We argue that EBM therefore 'auto-deconstructs' its own paradigm, and that medical practitioners, policymakers and patients alike ought to be aware of this failure within EBM itself. Results EBM's strict distinction between admissible evidence (based on RCTs) and other supposedly inadmissible evidence is not itself based on evidence, but rather, on intuition. In other words, according to EBM's own logic, there can be no 'evidentiary' basis for its distinction between admissible and inadmissible evidence. Ultimately, to uphold this fundamental distinction, EBM must seek recourse in (bio)political ideology and an epistemology akin to faith.

  4. Winnicott and Derrida: development of logic-of-play.

    PubMed

    Bitan, Shachaf

    2012-02-01

    In this essay I develop the logic of play from the writings of the British psychoanalyst Donald W. Winnicott and the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. The logic of play serves as both a conceptual framework for theoretical clinical thinking and a space of experiencing in which the therapeutic situation is located and to which it aspires. I argue that both Winnicott and Derrida proposed a playful turn in Western thinking by their attitude towards oppositions, viewing them not as complementary or contradictory, but as 'peacefully-coexisting'. Derrida criticizes the dichotomous structure of Western thought, proposing playful movement as an alternative that does not constitute itself as a mastering construction. I will show that Winnicott, too, proposes playful logic through which he thinks and acts in the therapeutic situation. The therapeutic encounter is understood as a playful space in which analyst and analysand continuously coexist, instead of facing each other as exclusionary oppositions. I therefore propose the logic of play as the basis for the therapeutic encounter. The playful turn, then, is crucial for the thought and praxis expressed by the concept of two-person psychology. I suggest the term playful psychoanalysis to characterize the present perspective of psychoanalysis in the light of the playful turn. I will first present Derrida's playful thought, go on to Winnicott's playful revolutionism, and conclude with an analysis of Winicott's clinical material in the light of the logic of play.

  5. Theorizing epigenesis in a time of preexistence: From the end of the seventeenth century to the 1720s.

    PubMed

    Ferraro, Angela

    2016-12-01

    According to a classic periodization in the history of science, biological thought as it emerged in France from the last decades of the seventeenth century to the 1740s was strongly committed to the doctrine of the preexistence of germs. Nicolas Malebranche's role in disseminating this paradigm, particularly in the milieu of the Académie Royale des Sciences during the years when Bernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle was its secretary, has been studied in detail, especially by Jacques Roger. However, much less has been said about the authors who argued against this doctrine prior to the appearance of the relevant pieces by Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, and Denis Diderot. I aim to examine a series of French medical treatises and clandestine manuscripts that outlined a mechanist theory of epigenesis, between the end of the seventeenth century and the 1720s, to bring to light the strategies-often quite original-that allowed them to achieve this result. One interesting case is the heterodox readers of Malebranche, which use some of his own arguments (notably on the physiology of brain traces and the laws of nature) both against preexistence and to support epigenesis. I inquire into the historical worth of the positions defended by these authors as well as into the connections existing between the history of epigenesis and that of materialism in the early modern era.

  6. South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Pale green vegetation and red-brown deserts dominate this MODIS image of Namibia (left), Botswana (upper right), and the Republic of South Africa (bottom) acquired on June3, 2002. In central Namibia the mountainous terrain of Namaqualand is sandwiched between the Namib Desert on the Atlantic Coast and the Kalahari Desert to the interior, where white dots mark the location of small, impermanent lakes and ponds. Namaqualand is home to numerous rare succulent plants that can survive on the region.s scant rainfall as well as fog that blows in off the ocean. Namaqualand extends south of the Orange River, which runs along the border of Namibia and South Africa and into that country.s Northern Cape region. The Orange River extends almost all the way back through the country, and where it makes a sharp southward dip in this image (at lower right), it runs through the Asbestos Mountains, names for the naturally-occurring asbestos they contain. In southwestern South Africa, high plateaus, such as the Great Karoo become mountain ridges near the coast, and the city of Cape Town is visible as a grayish area of pixels on the north shores of the horseshoe-shaped False Bay at the Cape of Good Hope. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  7. The “Genetic Program”: Behind the Genesis of an Influential Metaphor

    PubMed Central

    Peluffo, Alexandre E.

    2015-01-01

    The metaphor of the “genetic program,” indicating the genome as a set of instructions required to build a phenotype, has been very influential in biology despite various criticisms over the years. This metaphor, first published in 1961, is thought to have been invented independently in two different articles, one by Ernst Mayr and the other by François Jacob and Jacques Monod. Here, after a detailed analysis of what both parties meant by “genetic program,” I show, using unpublished archives, the strong resemblance between the ideas of Mayr and Monod and suggest that their idea of genetic program probably shares a common origin. I explore the possibility that the two men met before 1961 and also exchanged their ideas through common friends and colleagues in the field of molecular biology. Based on unpublished correspondence of Jacob and Monod, I highlight the important events that influenced the preparation of their influential paper, which introduced the concept of the genetic program. Finally, I suggest that the genetic program metaphor may have preceded both papers and that it was probably used informally before 1961. PMID:26170444

  8. [The disfigured men represented by the great painters (O. Dix - G. Grosz - R. Freida.) Disfiguration in the history of art].

    PubMed

    Fischer, Louis-Paul; Méroc, Nicolas; Frapat, Jean; Chauvin, Frédéric; Rousset, Chantal

    2007-01-01

    Sophie Delaporte's book, Philippe Paillard's, Chantal Roussels's novels and Dupeyron's movie underline the difficulties of repairing physical and moral sufferings of the "disfigured men" wounded during the Great War. Beside medical and technical didactic aimed drawings the exhibition of wasted, mutilated or out of repair faces remains little known. In France, Germany or Great Britain there are many artists who took part in war. Among the artists the French painter Raphael Freida and some German expressionists like Otto Dix, Max Beckmann or George Grosz are the most famous. Their works are often confidential, set apart in the museums and showed in rare exhibitions in Great Britain and the United States of America. The sight of ruined faces inspired such horror that the artists depicted it only exceptionally and with discretion, before 1914. Without doubt it is the fear of touching the privacy of the face which is a part of the human identity. There are no "disfigured men" in the countless religious paintings of torture, neither in the Disasters of Warfrom painters or engravers like Goya or Jacques Callot.

  9. If a bull were a cow, how much milk would he give?

    PubMed

    Soller, Morris

    2015-01-01

    I became enamored of genetics at an early age. The desire to participate in the rebuilding of my people in our ancient homeland led to dairy science at Rutgers University, to Animal Breeding Plans by J.L. Lush, and to the realization that I could combine genetics and dairy science in animal breeding. It is to my mother-in-law that I owe the felicitous phrasing of the titular scientific question that has occupied my professional life: If a bull were a cow, how much milk would he give? Following my PhD (in 1956), I joined the Volcani Institute in Israel and, later (in 1972), the Applied Genetics group at the Hebrew University. The Applied Genetics group had an active marker lab, and this and a paper by Spickett & Thoday led me to explore genetic markers for quantitative trait loci mapping and marker-assisted selection. A chance encounter with Jacques Beckmann in 1980 opened my eyes to the potential of DNA-level markers for these purposes, and the rest followed.

  10. Verbal hallucinations in psychotic patients.

    PubMed

    Ettinger, B; Telerand, A; Kronenberg, Y; Gaoni, B

    1991-01-01

    "Verbal hallucinations" are sentences that psychotic patients may say repeatedly throughout a conversation which are out of context or unconnected to the topic of conversation. These hallucinations are not the outcome of a remembrance of an experience or an event and do not bring about any emotional relief or catharsis, but they supply valuable information. They resemble Jacques Lacan's description of the psychotic mechanism "Forclusion." This mechanism relates to experiences that did not undergo the process of primary symbolization through language, and experiences where words were attached but were not bound to the language structure. The result being that these experiences did not enter into the unconscious discourse of the subject. This information can reappear as verbal hallucinations in the psychotic patient. In such cases, the therapist, with the assistance of the patient's family, must investigate the meaning of the verbal hallucinations through research into the patient's and family's history in the phase prior to language development. When such a connection is discovered, the therapist must then bridge the hallucinations with the events unknown to the patient but contained in his subconscious. The therapist's role in such cases resembles that of a parent with a child: To translate the subject's experience through language from the physical schema to the body image and symbolic plane and in so doing, give meaning to meaninglessness. In our paper three short clinical cases are presented.

  11. Oughtonomy in healthcare. A deconstructive reading of Kantian autonomy.

    PubMed

    Devisch, Ignaas

    2010-11-01

    For years now, autonomy has been discussed as one of the central values in health care. Understood as self-realization, it is opposed to paternalism which is conceived as an intolerable occurrence of heteronomy. Although different concepts have been developed to nuance this opposition, when it comes to health care discourse, heteronomy is still the enemy of autonomy. In our article, we defend the thesis that autonomy is only achievable as heteronomy. We are not arguing for an expansion of the meaning of autonomy, but are attempting to conduct an analysis which lays bare the 'disrupting' attendance of heteronomy within the principle of autonomy. Autonomy does not begin where heteronomy ends, but can only begin if heteronomy is already involved. To emphasize this, we prefer to elaborate a new concept: 'oughtonomy'. This concept is inspired by Jacques Derrida's distinction between 'difference' and 'differance'. We will develop the concept of oughtonomy from a deconstructive reading of Kant's idea of autonomy, inspired by philosophers such as Jacob Rogozinski, Jean-Luc Nancy and others. In addition to a first exploration of this concept, this article also discusses the possible consequences of oughtonomy for current debates concerning health care. Our quest for a new understanding of autonomy is motivated by the concern that, although the accent on autonomy as self-realization and independence has many advantages, we should also bear in mind the countless disadvantages.

  12. Extensive Burn Scars in Russia's Amur Region

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Vast areas of southeastern Russia have been scorched by fires over the last few weeks. All across Siberia fires have been raging, and this Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from May 15, 2002, shows extensive, dark burn scars along with actively burning fires (red dots) on the north side of the Amur River, which separates Russia (north) and China (south). The southern Amur region is largely devoted to farming and other agriculture, and these fires may have been set intentionally to prepare the land for the growing season. Fire is often used to clear land of unwanted vegetation, and to return the nutrients stored in vegetation back to the soil. However, fires that are too frequent or severe can devastate the soil, eventually making it unsuitable for farming or grazing. Fires can also escape control and spread into protected areas. In this image, fires are mostly concentrated in a lowland area within the drainage basin of the Zeya River, which drains from the frozen lake at the top of the image. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  13. Flooding on Russia's Lena River

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Nearly every year in the late spring, ice blocks the flow of water at the mouth of the Lena River in northeastern Russia and gives rise to floods across the Siberian plains. This year's floods can be seen in this image taken on June 2, 2002, by the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) instrument aboard the Terra satellite. The river runs down the left side of the image, and its delta is shrouded in ice (red) at the top of the image. Normally, the river would resemble a thin black line in MODIS imagery. The river, which is Russia's longest, flows 2,641 miles (4,250 kilometers) south to north through Siberia and into the Laptev Sea. In the winter, the river becomes nearly frozen. In the spring, however, water upstream thaws earlier than water at the mouth of the river. As the southern end of the river begins to melt, blocks of ice travel downstream to the still frozen delta, pile up, and often obstruct the flow of water. Flooding doesn't always occur on the same parts of the river. The floods hit further south last year. If the flooding grows severe enough, explosive charges are typically used to break up the ice jams. In these false-color images land areas are a dull, light green or tan, and water is black. Clouds appear pink, and ice comes across as bright red. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  14. Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Temperate and green in the summer, the Kamchatka Peninsula in northeastern Russia freezes over completely in the winter. This true-color image of the Kamchatka Peninsula was acquired on December 12, 2001, by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. The peninsula is surrounded by the Sea of Okhotsk to the west and by the Bering Sea to the east. The ice and snow highlight the stunning valleys and tall peaks of the Sredinnyy Khrebet, which is the volcanic mountain range running down the center of the peninsula. The mountains along the range reach heights of over 3500 meters (11,484 feet). Many of the volcanoes are still active, and ash and volcanic rock has turned the snow a dark gray on the eastern side of the range. The light blue latticework of ridges, valleys, and alluvial fans extending from the center of the range were likely carved out by past and present glaciers and by run-off from spring snowmelt. The small island that extends off of the tip of the peninsula is Ostrov Paramushir (Paramushir Island). Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  15. Chance and Necessity in Eye Evolution

    PubMed Central

    Gehring, Walter J.

    2011-01-01

    Charles Darwin has proposed the theory that evolution of live organisms is based on random variation and natural selection. Jacques Monod in his classic book Chance and Necessity, published 40 years ago, presented his thesis “that the biosphere does not contain a predictable class of objects or events, but constitutes a particular occurrence, compatible indeed with the first principles, but not deducible from those principals and therefore, essentially unpredictable.” Recent discoveries in eye evolution are in agreement with both of these theses. They confirm Darwin's assumption of a simple eye prototype and lend strong support for the notion of a monophyletic origin of the various eye types. Considering the complexity of the underlying gene regulatory networks the unpredictability is obvious. The evolution of the Hox gene cluster and the specification of the body plan starting from an evolutionary prototype segment is discussed. In the course of evolution, a series of similar prototypic segments gradually undergoes cephalization anteriorly and caudalization posteriorly through diversification of the Hox genes. PMID:21979158

  16. Different methods and metaphysics in early molecular genetics--a case of disparity of research?

    PubMed

    Deichmann, Ute

    2008-01-01

    The encounter between two fundamentally different approaches in seminal research in molecular biology--the problems, aims, methods and metaphysics--is delineated and analyzed. They are exemplified by the microbiologist Oswald T. Avery who, in line with the reductionist mechanistic metaphysics of Jacques Loeb, attempted to explain basic life phenomena through chemistry; and the theoretical physicist Max Delbrück who, influenced by Bohr's antimechanistic views, preferred to explain these phenomena without chemistry. Avery's and Delbrück's most important studies took place concurrently. Thus analysis of their contrasting approaches lends itself to examination of the Weltanschauungen view concerning the role of fundamental (metaphysical) assumptions in scientific change, that is, the view that empirical research cannot be neutral in regard to the worldviews of the researchers. This study shows that the initial ostensible disparity (non-integratibility) of the two approaches lasted for just a short time. Ironically it was a student of Delbrück's school, James Watson, who (with Crick) proposed a chemical model, the DNA double helix, as a solution to Delbrück's problem. The structure of DNA has not been seriously challenged over the past half century Moreover, Watson's and Crick's work did not call into question the validity of Delbrück's research, but opened it up to entirely new approaches. The case of Avery and Delbrück demonstrates that after initial obstacles were overcome the different fundamental attitudes and the resulting research practices were capable of integration.

  17. The effects of age on second language grammar and speech production.

    PubMed

    Huang, Becky H

    2014-08-01

    The current study examined the age of learning effect on second language (L2) acquisition. The research goals of the study were twofold: to test whether there is an independent age effect controlling for other potentially confounding variables, and to clarify the age effect across L2 grammar and speech production domains. The study included 118 Mandarin-speaking immigrants and 24 native English speakers. Grammar knowledge was assessed by a grammaticality judgment task, and speech production was measured by native English speaking raters' ratings of participants' foreign accents. Results from the study revealed that the age of learning effect was robust for both L2 domains even after controlling for the influences of other variables, such as length of residence and years of education in the United States. However, the age of learning variable had a stronger impact on speech production than on grammar. The current results support the framework of multiple critical/sensitive periods (Long in Int Rev Appl Linguist 43(4):287-317, 2005; Newport et al. in Language, brain and cognitive development: Essays in honor of Jacques Mehler. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2001; Werker and Tees in Dev Psychobiol 46(3):233-251, 2005).

  18. Southern Europe

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    On November 3, 2001, MODIS collected this image of Western Europe. Starting at the lower-left corner of the image and moving clockwise are the countries of Spain, France, Germany, Austria, Italy, and Switzerland. The Alps, the crescent-shaped mountain range running from the center to the right side of the image, span a length of 750 miles and cover and area of 80,000 square miles. In this image, a gray cloud of aerosols, predominantly from Italy's northwestern region of Lombardy, are corralled by the massive heights of the Alps. One large source of aerosols is the city of Milan. Home to numerous international and local industrial plants, Milan is faced with many of the same air quality problems as other large metropolitan areas. Also visible in the image is a phytoplankton bloom in the Bay of Biscay (left), at the confluence of the Garonne and Dordogne rivers. The rivers form the Gironde Estuary, which is saturated with sediment that provides necessary nutrients for the phytoplankton. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  19. Fires in Thailand and Cambodia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Many fires (red pixels) were seen burning across Thailand and Southern Cambodia on January 8, 2002, by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite. Almost the entire countries of Thailand (center) and Cambodia (lower right) were remarkably cloud-free in this true-color scene. Thailand is bordered by the countries of Myanmar to the west, Laos to the north and east, and Cambodia to the southeast. Thailand's capital city of Bangkok sits on its southern shore, where the Chao Phraya River flows into the large bay in the northern Gulf of Thailand. Moving eastward from Bangkok, one can see the Tonle Sap-Cambodia's largest inland body of water. Waters from the Tonle Sap flow southeastward and converge with the mighty Mekong River, just east of Phnom Penh, Cambodia's capital. The Mekong River defines much of the border between Thailand and Laos. The captal of Laos-Viangchan-is situated just across the Mekong from Thailand's northern border. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  20. Healing pathways: longitudinal effects of religious coping and social support on PTSD symptoms in African American sexual assault survivors.

    PubMed

    Bryant-Davis, Thema; Ullman, Sarah; Tsong, Yuying; Anderson, Gera; Counts, Pamela; Tillman, Shaquita; Bhang, Cecile; Gray, Anthea

    2015-01-01

    African American women are at a slightly increased risk for sexual assault (A. Abbey, A. Jacques-Tiaura, & M. Parkhill, 2010). However, because of stigma, experiences of racism, and historical oppression, African American women are less likely to seek help from formal agencies compared to White women (Lewis et al., 2005; S. E. Ullman & H. H. Filipas, 2001) and/or women of other ethnic backgrounds (C. Ahrens, S. Abeling, S. Ahmad, & J. Himman, 2010). Therefore, the provision of culturally appropriate services, such as the inclusion of religion and spiritual coping, may be necessary when working with African American women survivors of sexual assault. Controlling for age and education, the current study explores the impact of religious coping and social support over 1 year for 252 African American adult female sexual assault survivors recruited from the Chicago metropolitan area. Results from hierarchical linear regression analyses reveal that high endorsement of religious coping and social support at Time 1 does not predict a reduction in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms at Time 2. However, high social support at Time 2 does predict lower PTSD at Time 2. Also, it is significant to note that survivors with high PTSD at Time 1 and Time 2 endorse greater use of social support and religious coping. Clinical and research implications are explored.

  1. Irritability and sensibility: key concepts in assessing the medical doctrines of Haller and Bordeu.

    PubMed

    Boury, Dominique

    2008-12-01

    This article addresses the doctrinal controversy over the various characterizations of irritability and sensibility. In the middle of the eighteenth century, this scientific debate involved some encyclopaedist physicians, Albrecht von Haller (1709-1777), Jean-Jacques Ménuret de Chambaud (1733-1815), and Théophile de Bordeu (1722-1776). The doctor from Bern described irritability as an experimental property of the muscle fibers and made it the basis of a neo-mechanism in which organic reactions are related to the degree of irritation of the fibers. The practitioners from Montpellier considered sensibility, a property of living matter, to be a spontaneous activity of the organ and developed around this notion an original conception of the organism as the sum of the specific lives of each part. Beyond conceptual divergences, two ways of thinking whose philosophical presuppositions (conception of living matter, mechanism, and organicism), were in opposition, while their epistemological principles (experience versus observation) and their medical practices (active medicine and expectant medicine) went on to evolve in different directions. The privileged place granted to experimentation and assessment enabled physiology to be articulated as an autonomous scientific discipline; the pre-eminence of observation and attention to the radical specificity of the living being constituted the bases of clinical medicine.

  2. Mechanism, vitalism and organicism in late nineteenth and twentieth-century biology: the importance of historical context.

    PubMed

    Allen, Garland E

    2005-06-01

    The term 'mechanism' has been used in two quite different ways in the history of biology. Operative, or explanatory mechanism refers to the step-by-step description or explanation of how components in a system interact to yield a particular outcome (as in the 'mechanism of enzyme action' or the 'mechanism of synaptic transmission'). Philosophical Mechanism, on the other hand, refers to a broad view of organisms as material entities, functioning in ways similar to machines--that is, carrying out a variety of activities based on known chemical and physical processes. In the early twentieth century philosophical Mechanism became the foundation of a 'new biology' that sought to establish the life sciences on the same solid and rigorous foundation as the physical sciences, including a strong emphasis on experimentation. In the context of the times this campaign was particularly aimed at combating the reintroduction of more holistic, non-mechanical approaches into the life sciences (organicism, vitalism). In so doing, Mechanists failed to see some of the strong points of non-vitalistic holistic thinking. The two approaches are illustrated in the work of Jacques Loeb and Hans Spemann.

  3. What Does It Mean to be Central? A Botanical Geography of Paris 1830-1848.

    PubMed

    Hoquet, Thierry

    2016-02-01

    This paper focuses on the geography of the botanical community in Paris, under the July Monarchy (1830-1848). At that time, the Muséum d'Histoire naturelle (MHN) was at its institutional acme and, under the impulse of François Guizot, its budget was increasing dramatically. However, closer attention to manuscript sources (correspondence, travel diaries) reveals that the botanists of the time favoured other private institutions, located both on the Right and Left Banks of the Seine. The MHN was prestigious for its collections and professors but it was relatively remote from the centre of Paris, and its plant samples were sometimes difficult to access. Several other first-class private herbaria granted liberal access to botanists: those of Jacques Gay, Phillip Barker Webb, and Benjamin Delessert. Thanks to their wealth, these plant amateurs had ownership of historical herbaria consisting of species types alongside rich botanical libraries. Botanists visiting Paris from foreign countries or other provinces of France also spent some time studying less general plant collections, like those of Count Jaubert, or specialized collections, like Montagne's or Léveillé's on cryptogams. Other botanists also enjoyed renown at the time, although they published little, if anything (like Maire). Living in crammed apartments, literally in the middle of their plant samples, these botanists were key nodes in botanical networks, although they had no relation with the prestigious MHN.

  4. The Collision of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 and Jupiter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noll, Keith S.; Weaver, Harold A.; Feldman, Paul D.

    2006-11-01

    Participants; Preface; 1. The orbital motion and impact circumstances of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 Paul W. Chodas and Donald K. Yeomans; 2. Observational constraints on the composition and nature of Comet D/Shoemaker-Levy 9 Jacques Crovisier; 3. Tidal breakup of the nucleus of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 Zdenek Sekanina; 4. Earth-based observations of impact phenomena Philip D. Nicholson; 5. HST imaging of Jupiter shortly after each impact: plumes and fresh sites Heidi B. Hammel; 6. Galileo observations of the impacts Clark R. Chapman; 7. Models of fragment penetration and fireball evolution David A. Crawford; 8. Entry and fireball models vs. observations: what have we learned? Mordecai-Mark Mac Low; 9. Dynamics and chemistry of SL9 plumes Kevin Zahnle; 10. Chemistry induced by the impacts: observations Emmanuel Lellouch; 11. SL9 impact chemistry: long-term photochemical evolution Julianne I. Moses; 12. Particulate matter in Jupiter's atmosphere from the impacts of Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 Robert A. West; 13. Jupiter's post-impact atmospheric thermal response Barney J. Conrath; 14. Growth and dispersion of the Shoemaker-Levy 9 impact features from HST imaging Reta F. Beebe; 15. Waves from the Shoemaker-Levy 9 impacts Andrew P. Ingersoll and Hiroo Kanamori; 16. Jovian magnetospheric and auroral effects of the SL9 impacts Wing-Huen Ip.

  5. VAP: a versatile aggregate profiler for efficient genome-wide data representation and discovery.

    PubMed

    Coulombe, Charles; Poitras, Christian; Nordell-Markovits, Alexei; Brunelle, Mylène; Lavoie, Marc-André; Robert, François; Jacques, Pierre-Étienne

    2014-07-01

    The analysis of genomic data such as ChIP-Seq usually involves representing the signal intensity level over genes or other genetic features. This is often illustrated as a curve (representing the aggregate profile of a group of genes) or as a heatmap (representing individual genes). However, no specific resource dedicated to easily generating such profiles is currently available. We therefore built the versatile aggregate profiler (VAP), designed to be used by experimental and computational biologists to generate profiles of genomic datasets over groups of regions of interest, using either an absolute or a relative method. Graphical representation of the results is automatically generated, and subgrouping can be performed easily, based on the orientation of the flanking annotations. The outputs include statistical measures to facilitate comparisons between groups or datasets. We show that, through its intuitive design and flexibility, VAP can help avoid misinterpretations of genomics data. VAP is highly efficient and designed to run on laptop computers by using a memory footprint control, but can also be easily compiled and run on servers. VAP is accessible at http://lab-jacques.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/vap/.

  6. [Stent, endovascular prosthesis, net or strut? What would British dentist Charles Stent (1807-1885) have to say on all this?].

    PubMed

    Lukenda, Josip; Biocina-Lukenda, Dolores

    2009-01-01

    The word stent appears in the Index Medicus as of 1952, while in Croatian articles as of 1993. The origin of the word has been attributed to British dentist Charles. T. Stent (1807-1885), maker of the compound for dental impressions (Stent's compound). Viennese surgeon, Johannes F. S. Esser (1877-1946) used the compound in plastic surgery of the face calling it an eponym Stent's mould. During the 1950's, William H. ReMine and John H. Grindlay used Stent's principle for omentum lined plastic tubes in the bile duct of a dog. The development of today's vascular stents began in 1912 when French Nobel Prize winner Alexis Carrel (1873-1944) implanted glass tubes in the arteries of dogs. The first metal spirals were implanted in the arteries of dogs by Charles T. Dotter (1920-1985), while the first stents in human arteries were implanted by French doctors Ulrich Sigwart and Jacques Puel in Toulouse in 1986. Some authors claim that the origin of the word stent is associated with the Scotish word stynt or stent, meaning stretched out river fishing nets.

  7. Libby South Fire, Washington

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    On July 9, 2001, a fire burned about 15 miles south of Twisp, Washington, that officials believe was caused by human error. NASA's Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on the Terra satellite observed the fire, indicated with a red dot in this image, on July 10, after the fire had already consumed about 1,240 acres. On July 10, another fire-called the Thirty Mile Fire-trapped 21 firefighters and 2 civilians in a narrow canyon in the Chewuch River Valley, north of Winthrop, WA. (That fire did not erupt until later in the day after this image was acquired and is therefore not visible.) Tragically, four firefighters were killed and six people were injured, including the two civilians. Rolling debris, rugged and steep terrain, and limited access are impeding efforts to contain the now 8,200-acre fire, which according to current fire incident reports, is completely uncontained. Nearly all the areas in the full-size image, including Washington (center), Idaho (right), Oregon (bottom) are in a state of severe drought, which means the region could be in for another devastating fire season. Another fire is visible in Idaho in the full-size image just east of where Idaho borders with Washington and Oregon. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team

  8. Floods in Bangladesh and Northeast India

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    For the past month heavy monsoon rains have led to massive flooding in eastern India, Nepal, and Bangladesh, which have killed over 500 people and left millions homeless. This false-color image acquired on August 5, 2002, by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft shows the extent of this flooding. In the upper right-hand corner of the image, the swollen Brahmaputra River runs east to west through the Indian state of Assam. Normally, the river and its tributaries would resemble a tangle of thin lines. Moving to the upper left-hand corner, flooding can be seen along the Ganges River in the state of Bihar, India. Both of these rivers flow into Bangladesh along with many others from India and Nepal. Heavy monsoon rains from all across the region have inundated the small country with water this year. Floodwaters have all but covered northeastern Bangladesh, which is usually dry. The Jamuna River, which runs down the center of the country off of the Brahmaputra River, now resembles a narrow lake. Millions of dollars in crops have been destroyed and thousands have been left stranded in their villages or on rafts. Forecasters are warning that flooding could get worse. In the false-color image, land is green, and water is black and dark brown. Clouds appear pink, red and white. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  9. Galapagos Islands

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This true-color image of the Galapagos Islands was acquired on March 12, 2002, by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite. The Galapagos Islands, which are part of Ecuador, sit in the Pacific Ocean about 1000 km (620 miles) west of South America. As the three craters on the largest island (Isabela Island) suggest, the archipelago was created by volcanic eruptions, which took place millions of years ago. Unlike most remote islands in the Pacific, the Galapagos have gone relatively untouched by humans over the past few millennia. As a result, many unique species have continued to thrive on the islands. Over 95 percent of the islands' reptile species and nearly three quarters of its land bird species cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Two of the more well known are the Galapagos giant tortoise and marine iguanas. The unhindered evolutionary development of the islands' species inspired Charles Darwin to begin The Origin of Species eight years after his visit there. To preserve the unique wildlife on the islands, the Ecuadorian government made the entire archipelago a national park in 1959. Each year roughly 60,000 tourists visit these islands to experience what Darwin did over a century and a half ago. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  10. [Classifications of mental disorders: from Bertillon to ICD-10, the century of international collaboration].

    PubMed

    Bertolote, J M; Sartorius, N

    1993-01-01

    The first International Classification of Diseases (ICD) was approved during the Congress of the Statistical International Institute, in Chicago, in Paris, in 1893. It was based on a list of diseases prepared by Jacques Bertillon. Minor changes were introduced in this classification during decennial revisions made at international meetings and it remained in use until 1948, when the World Health Organization's Provisional Committee was charged with the task producing ICD-6. ICD-6 represented a major shift from the previous internal conceptualization, particularity in what concerns the Chapter V., dealing with mental disorders. From 1955 on Who produced with approximately a 10-year interval ICD-7, 8 and 9. Few modifications in relation to ICD-6 were introduced by these revisions, except for the introduction of a glossary of terms in the chapter on mental disorders. This glossary had a major impact towards the development of a common language in psychiatry. Based on epidemiological findings, and based also on an intensive and extensive international network of clinicians and investigators, ICD-10 was published in 1992. It represented a substantial improvement regarding the conceptualization of the classification of mental disorders, in relation to previous revisions of the ICD. Future tasks relating to ICD-10 include training of health personnel for its proper utilization, in addition to finalizing further ICD-10 versions, e.g. for research purposes and for primary health care use.

  11. [Classification of mental diseases. From Bertillon to CID-10: a century of international collaboration].

    PubMed

    Bartolomé, J M; Sartorius, N

    1994-01-01

    The first International Classification of Diseases (ICD) was approved during the Congress of the Statistical International Institute, in Chicago, in Paris, in 1893. It was based on a list of diseases prepared by Jacques Bertillon. Minor changes were introduced in this classification during decennial revisions made at international meetings and it remained in use until 1948, when the World Health Organization's Provisional Committee was charged with the task of producing ICD-6. ICD-6 represented a major shift from the previous internal conceptualization, particularly in what concerns the Chapter V., dealing with mental disorders. From 1955 on WHO produced with approximately a 10-year interval ICV-7, 8, and 9. Few modifications in relation to ICD-6 were introduced by these revisions, except for the introduction of a glossary of terms in the chapter on mental disorders. This glossary had a major impact towards the development of a common language in psychiatry. Based on epidemiological findings, and based also on an intensive and extensive international network of clinicians and investigators, ICD-10 was published in 1992. It represented a substantial improvement regarding the conceptualization of the classification of mental disorders, in relation to previous revisions of the ICD. Future tasks relating to ICD-10 include training of health personnel for its proper utilization, in addition to finalizing further ICD-10 versions, e.g. for research purposes and for primary health care use.

  12. Can calcium signaling be harnessed for cancer immunotherapy?

    PubMed

    Rooke, Ronald

    2014-10-01

    Experimental evidence shows the importance of the immune system in controlling tumor appearance and growth. Immunotherapy is defined as the treatment of a disease by inducing, enhancing or suppressing an immune response. In the context of cancer treatment, it involves breaking tolerance to a cancer-specific self-antigen and/or enhancing the existing anti-tumor immune response, be it specific or not. Part of the complexity in developing such treatment is that cancers are selected to escape adaptive or innate immune responses. These escape mechanisms are numerous and they may cumulate in one cancer. Moreover, different cancers of a same type may present different combinations of escape mechanisms. The limited success of immunotherapeutics in the clinic as stand-alone products may in part be explained by the fact that most of them only activate one facet of the immune response. It is important to identify novel methods to broaden the efficacy of immunotherapeutics. Calcium signaling is central to numerous cellular processes, leading to immune responses, cancer growth and apoptosis induced by cancer treatments. Calcium signaling in cancer therapy and control will be integrated to current cancer immunotherapy approaches. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Calcium Signaling in Health and Disease. Guest Editors: Geert Bultynck, Jacques Haiech, Claus W. Heizmann, Joachim Krebs, and Marc Moreau.

  13. [The family relationships of Antoine Brulon, apothecary to the king, and his wife, Anne de Furnes, in Auvergne and Paris in the 17th century. Anne de Furnes and Molière in Paris and the village of Auteuil].

    PubMed

    Warolin, Christian

    2011-07-01

    This article presents the biography of Anne de Fumes, wife of Antoine Brulon, the king's apothecary. Due to the successive deaths of her husband and her only daughter, Geneviève, her sisters-in-law, Géraude and Anne Brulon, living in Auvergne, inherited the property of their niece. Anne de Fumes, who inherited the movable assets, carried out a series of transactions to acquire the totality of the property rights, which she obtained, but at the considerable cost of 100,000 pounds. After her death, her five nephews and nieces, her sole legatees, inherited her estate. From 1666, Molière was the tenant of an apartment in a building in the Rue Saint-Thomas-du-Louvre, Place du Palais-Royal, in Paris, which belonged to Anne de Fumes. She lived in the neighbouring house in the Rue Saint-Honoré of which she was also the owner. Three apothecaries, Philibert Boudin, Jean Morel and Pierre Frapin, successively rented the shop and entresol of the house in the Rue Saint-Thomas-du-Louvre. Pierre Frapin, tenant of the shop from 1668, supplied Molière with medicine. Like Molière, Anne de Fumes rented accommodation in a house in the village of Auteuil belonging to Jacques de Grout de Beaufort and his wife Marie Filz. Reports show that the famous actor and Anne de Fumes cohabited in Auteuil during the period 1667 to 1672.

  14. Arginine, scurvy and Cartier's "tree of life"

    PubMed Central

    Durzan, Don J

    2009-01-01

    Several conifers have been considered as candidates for "Annedda", which was the source for a miraculous cure for scurvy in Jacques Cartier's critically ill crew in 1536. Vitamin C was responsible for the cure of scurvy and was obtained as an Iroquois decoction from the bark and leaves from this "tree of life", now commonly referred to as arborvitae. Based on seasonal and diurnal amino acid analyses of candidate "trees of life", high levels of arginine, proline, and guanidino compounds were also probably present in decoctions prepared in the severe winter. The semi-essential arginine, proline and all the essential amino acids, would have provided additional nutritional benefits for the rapid recovery from scurvy by vitamin C when food supply was limited. The value of arginine, especially in the recovery of the critically ill sailors, is postulated as a source of nitric oxide, and the arginine-derived guanidino compounds as controlling factors for the activities of different nitric oxide synthases. This review provides further insights into the use of the candidate "trees of life" by indigenous peoples in eastern Canada. It raises hypotheses on the nutritional and synergistic roles of arginine, its metabolites, and other biofactors complementing the role of vitamin C especially in treating Cartier's critically ill sailors. PMID:19187550

  15. Medicine, symbolization and the "real" body--Lacan's understanding of medical science.

    PubMed

    Zwart, H

    1998-01-01

    Throughout the 20th century, philosophers have criticized the scientific understanding of the human body. Instead of presenting the body as a meaningful unity or Gestalt, it is regarded as a complex mechanism and described in quasi-mechanistic terms. In a phenomenological approach, a more intimate experience of the body is presented. This approach, however, is questioned by Jacques Lacan. According to Lacan, three basic possibilities of experiencing the body are to be distinguished: the symbolical (or scientific) body, the imaginary (or ideal) body and the real body. Whereas the symbolical body is increasingly objectified (and even digitalized) by medical science, the phenomenological perception amounts to an idealization of the body. The real body cannot be perceived immediately. Rather, it emerges in the folds and margins of our efforts to symbolize or idealize the body, which are bound to remain incomplete and fragile. In the first part of the article (section 1-section 3), Lacan's conceptual distinction between the symbolical, the imaginary and the real body will be explained. In the second part (section 4-section 5), this distinction will be further clarified by relying on crucial chapters in the history of anatomy (notably Mundinus, Vesalius, Da Vinci and Descartes).

  16. Conversion and the Real: The (Im)Possibility of Testimonial Representation.

    PubMed

    Sremac, Srdjan

    Although the spiritual vibration of conversion can be felt (by the curious outsider) through what conversion performers say in their testimonial discourse, what transforms the convert 'on stage' into a 'new being' and what is 'the real' (le réel) in conversion performance remain unclear. An important question in this connection is, What is 'real' in a conversion representation, both with respect to the convert's interaction with the audience and to the construction of social reality? Following Lacan's tripartite register of the imaginary, the symbolic, and the real, in this essay I argue that through testimonial discourse converts construct social reality as an answer to the impossibility of 'the real' in their performative discursive practice. In the first part, I question the constructed nature of testimonial representations-as well as some academic knowledge production that has governed conversion research in the last few decades-and how these representations encourage 'outsiders' to read the narrative repertoire as a negation or mirroring 'the real' of the conversion experience. In the second part, I apply Roland Barthes' analytic reflections on photography to conversion research, especially the notions of the studium (the common ground of cultural meanings) and the punctum (a personal experience that inspires private meaning). This brings me to a number of theorists (mostly never used in the field of religious conversion)-Jacques Lacan, Roland Barthes, and Slavoj Žižek-who are important to the perspective that is developed in this essay.

  17. Activities and Achievements of the Double Star Committee of the Socié té Astronomique de France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agati, Jean-Louis; Caille, Sébastien; Debackère, André; Durand, Pierre; Losse, Florent; Manté, René; Mauroy, Florence; Mauroy, Pascal; Morlet, Guy; Pinlou, Claude; Salaman, Maurice; Soulié, Edgar; Thorel, Yvonne; Thorel, Jean-Claude

    2007-08-01

    In a synthesis article (see ref. below), the double star expert Paul COUTEAU put the work of French pioneers of double stars observation in the perspective of the double star work carried in the world. After Antoine Yvon VILLARCEAU and Camille FLAMMARION, one prominent pioneer of double stars was Robert JONCKHEERE (1888toiles Doubles, Maurice DURUY (1894le with a 40-cm and later a 60-cm telescope at Le Rouret (Alpes1995) had started the measurement of double stars as an amateur. He was granted permission to measure them with the 38-cm of the Paris Observatory and made an impressive number of measures during his long 2006) made double star observations for the book which was then in preparation under the title La revue des constellations. Their measures remained unpublished; but publication of the measures made by Robert SAGOT is in preparation. At about the same time, the neurology professor Jacques LE BEAU (1908toiles doubles visuelles. That book triggered the interest of more amateur astronomers for double stars and indirectly influenced the creation of a group of double star observers which was transformed into the Commission des É toiles Doubles

  18. CRAC channels, calcium, and cancer in light of the driver and passenger concept.

    PubMed

    Hoth, Markus

    2016-06-01

    Advances in next-generation sequencing allow very comprehensive analyses of large numbers of cancer genomes leading to an increasingly better characterization and classification of cancers. Comparing genomic data predicts candidate genes driving development, growth, or metastasis of cancer. Cancer driver genes are defined as genes whose mutations are causally implicated in oncogenesis whereas passenger mutations are defined as not being oncogenic. Currently, a list of several hundred cancer driver mutations is discussed including prominent members like TP53, BRAF, NRAS, or NF1. According to the vast literature on Ca(2+) and cancer, Ca(2+) signals and the underlying Ca(2+) channels and transporters certainly influence the development, growth, and metastasis of many cancers. In this review, I focus on the calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channel genes STIM and Orai and their role for cancer development, growth, and metastasis. STIM and Orai genes are being discussed in the context of current cancer concepts with a focus on the driver-passenger hypothesis. One result of this discussion is the hypothesis that a driver analysis of Ca(2+) homeostasis-related genes should not be carried out by looking at isolated genes. Rather a pool of “Ca(2+) genes” might be considered to act as one potential cancer driver. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Calcium and Cell Fate. Guest Editors: Jacques Haiech, Claus Heizmann, Joachim Krebs, Thierry Capiod and Olivier Mignen.

  19. Sulfur Upwelling off the African Coast

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Though these aquamarine clouds in the waters off the coast of northern Namibia may look like algae blooms, they are in fact clouds of sulfur produced by anaerobic bacteria on the ocean's floor. This image of the sulfur-filled water was taken on April 24, 2002, by the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-View Sensor (SeaWiFS), flying aboard the Orbview-2 satellite. The anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that can live without oxygen) feed upon algae carcasses that exist in abundance on the ocean's floor off of Namibia. As the bacteria ingest the algae husks, they produce hydrogen sulfide, which slowly builds up in the sea-floor sediments. Eventually, the hydrogen sulfide reaches the point where the sediment can no longer contain it, and it bubbles forth. When this poisonous chemical reaches the surface, it combines with the oxygen in the upper layers of the ocean to create clouds of pure sulfur. The sulfur causes the Namibian coast to smell like rotten eggs, and the hydrogen sulfide will often kill fish and drive lobsters away. For more information, read: A Bloom By Any Other Name A high-resolution (250 meters per pixel) image earlier on the 24th taken from the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) shows additional detail in the plumes. Image courtesy the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE. MODIS image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  20. Open-cell cloud formation over the Bahamas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    What atmospheric scientists refer to as open cell cloud formation is a regular occurrence on the back side of a low-pressure system or cyclone in the mid-latitudes. In the Northern Hemisphere, a low-pressure system will draw in surrounding air and spin it counterclockwise. That means that on the back side of the low-pressure center, cold air will be drawn in from the north, and on the front side, warm air will be drawn up from latitudes closer to the equator. This movement of an air mass is called advection, and when cold air advection occurs over warmer waters, open cell cloud formations often result. This MODIS image shows open cell cloud formation over the Atlantic Ocean off the southeast coast of the United States on February 19, 2002. This particular formation is the result of a low-pressure system sitting out in the North Atlantic Ocean a few hundred miles east of Massachusetts. (The low can be seen as the comma-shaped figure in the GOES-8 Infrared image from February 19, 2002.) Cold air is being drawn down from the north on the western side of the low and the open cell cumulus clouds begin to form as the cold air passes over the warmer Caribbean waters. For another look at the scene, check out the MODIS Direct Broadcast Image from the University of Wisconsin. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  1. On the meaning of chance in biology.

    PubMed

    Coffman, James A

    2014-12-01

    Chance has somewhat different meanings in different contexts, and can be taken to be either ontological (as in quantum indeterminacy) or epistemological (as in stochastic uncertainty). Here I argue that, whether or not it stems from physical indeterminacy, chance is a fundamental biological reality that is meaningless outside the context of knowledge. To say that something happened by chance means that it did not happen by design. This of course is a cornerstone of Darwin's theory of evolution: random undirected variation is the creative wellspring upon which natural selection acts to sculpt the functional form (and hence apparent design) of organisms. In his essay Chance & Necessity, Jacques Monod argued that an intellectually honest commitment to objectivity requires that we accord chance a central role in an otherwise mechanistic biology, and suggested that doing so may well place the origin of life outside the realm of scientific tractability. While that may be true, ongoing research on the origin of life problem suggests that abiogenesis may have been possible, and perhaps even probable, under the conditions that existed on primordial earth. Following others, I argue that the world should be viewed as causally open, i.e. primordially indeterminate or vague. Accordingly, chance ought to be the default scientific explanation for origination, a universal 'null hypothesis' to be assumed until disproven. In this framework, creation of anything new manifests freedom (allowing for chance), and causation manifests constraint, the developmental emergence of which establishes the space of possibilities that may by chance be realized.

  2. Fires in Tanzania and Mozambique

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Like many countries, the southeastern African country of Malawi faces the challenge of balancing a growing population's need for food and energy with preservation of natural resources. This MODIS image from November 8, 2001, shows Malawi surrounded by (starting from top and moving clockwise) Tanzania, Mozambique, and northern Zambia. Lake Malawi runs north-south through the eastern part of the country, and is the southern-most of Africa's Great Rift Lakes, a series of deep lakes that run roughly north-south along the Great Rift Valley in eastern Africa, formed when the Earth buckled and then sank after the collision of Africa and Eurasia millions of years ago. Most of the land around the lake and throughout the country has been cleared of its natural vegetation and converted to agricultural land. This causes soil erosion problems and sedimentation in the lake, which affects the sustainability of fishing in the lake. In this image, greenish swirls in the water around the shores could indicate a mixture of sediment and phytoplankton or algae. Deforestation is also a major issue, especially since wood for fuel is the primary source of the country's energy. The difference between the lands protected by parks and preserves stand out dramatically. The largest protected area is halfway down the western border of the country-Kasungu National Park. Several smaller preserves also exist, and where they do, they stand out in green against the paler landscape. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  3. Lineaments from airborne SAR images and the 1988 Saguenay earthquake, Quebec, Canada

    SciTech Connect

    Roy, D.W.; Schmitt, L.; Woussen, G.; Duberger, R. )

    1993-08-01

    Airborne SAR images provided essential clues to the tectonic setting of (1) the MbLg 6.5 Saguenay earthquake of 25 November 1988, (2) the Charlevoix-Kamouraska seismic source zone, and (3) some of the low *eve* seismic activity in the Eastern seismic background zone of Canada. The event occurred in the southeastern part of the Canadian Shield in an area where the boundary between the Saguenay graben and the Jacques Cartier horst is not well defined. These two tectonic blocks are both associated with the Iapetan St-Lawrence rift. These blocks exhibit several important structural breaks and distinct domains defined by the lineament orientations, densities, and habits. Outcrop observations confirm that several lineament sets correspond to Precambrian ductile shear zones reactivated as brittle faults during the Phanerozoic. In addition, the northeast and southwest limits of recent seismic activity in the Charlevoix-Kamouraska zone correspond to major elements of the fracture pattern identified on the SAR images. These fractures appear to be related to the interaction of the Charlevoix astrobleme with the tectonic features of the area. 20 refs.

  4. On language.

    PubMed

    Pinker, S

    1994-01-01

    Abstract Steven Pinker is a professor in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT, and in 1994 will become director of its McDonnell-Pew Center for Cognitive Neuroscience. He received his B.K from McGill University in 1976 and his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1979, both in experimental psychology, and taught at Harvard and Stanford before joining the faculty of MIT in 1982. He has done research in visual cognition and the psychology of language, and is the author of Language Learnability and Language Development (1984) and Learnability and Cognition (1989) and the editor of Visual Cognition (1985), Connections and Symbol (1988, with Jacques Mehler), and Lexical and Conceptual Semantics (1992, with Beth Levin). He was the recipient of the Early Career Award in 1984 and the Boyd McCandless Award in 1986 from the American Psychological Association, a Graduate Teaching Award from MIT in 1986, and the Troland Research Award from the National Academy of Sciences in 1993. His newest book, The Language Instinct, will be published by William Morrow & Company in January 1994.

  5. Cylindrical Piezoelectric Fiber Composite Actuators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allison, Sidney G.; Shams, Qamar A.; Fox, Robert L.

    2008-01-01

    The use of piezoelectric devices has become widespread since Pierre and Jacques Curie discovered the piezoelectric effect in 1880. Examples of current applications of piezoelectric devices include ultrasonic transducers, micro-positioning devices, buzzers, strain sensors, and clocks. The invention of such lightweight, relatively inexpensive piezoceramic-fiber-composite actuators as macro fiber composite (MFC) actuators has made it possible to obtain strains and displacements greater than those that could be generated by prior actuators based on monolithic piezoceramic sheet materials. MFC actuators are flat, flexible actuators designed for bonding to structures to apply or detect strains. Bonding multiple layers of MFC actuators together could increase force capability, but not strain or displacement capability. Cylindrical piezoelectric fiber composite (CPFC) actuators have been invented as alternatives to MFC actuators for applications in which greater forces and/or strains or displacements may be required. In essence, a CPFC actuator is an MFC or other piezoceramic fiber composite actuator fabricated in a cylindrical instead of its conventional flat shape. Cylindrical is used here in the general sense, encompassing shapes that can have circular, elliptical, rectangular or other cross-sectional shapes in the planes perpendicular to their longitudinal axes.

  6. Ethology and the origins of behavioral endocrinology.

    PubMed

    Marler, Peter

    2005-04-01

    The neurosciences embrace many disciplines, some long established, others of more recent origin. Behavioral endocrinology has only recently been fully acknowledged as a branch of neuroscience, distinctive for the determination of some of its exponents to remain integrative in the face of the many pressures towards reductionism that so dominate modern biology. One of its most characteristic features is a commitment to research at the whole-animal level on the physiological basis of complex behaviors, with a particular but by no means exclusive focus on reproductive behavior in all its aspects. The search for rigorously defined principles of behavioral organization that apply across species and the hormonal and neural mechanisms that sustain them underlies much of the research. Their aims are much like those put forth in the classical ethology of Lorenz and Tinbergen, one of the roots from which behavioral endocrinology has sprung. But there are others that can be traced back a century or more. Antecedents can be found in the work of such pioneers as Jakob von Uexküll, Jacques Loeb, Herbert Spencer Jennings, and particularly Charles Otis Whitman who launched a tradition that culminated in the classical contributions of Robert Hinde and Daniel Lehrman. William C. Young was another pioneer. His studies revolutionized thinking about the physiological mechanisms by which hormones influence behavior. An earlier potent influence was Karl Lashley who helped to shape the career of Frank Ambrose Beach who, more than anyone, has played a leading role in launching this new field.

  7. Fires in South Africa, snow in Lesotho

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The precipitation that brought snow fall to the Drakensberg Mountains in Lesotho in southern Africa was not enough to quench the numerous fires (marked with red dots) burning throughout the Republic of South Africa. These Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images from June 18, 2002, and July 2, 2002, show the snowfall in landlocked Lesotho contrasting sharply with the country's brown, mountainous terrain. (In the false-color image, vegetation is bright green, bare soil is brown, and burned areas are reddish-brown. In northeast Republic of South Africa, right along the border with Mozambique, the smooth, gray-brown terrain shows the boundaries of Kruger National Park. The Park was established in the late 1800s to protect game species, such as elephants, antelope, and bison, which were being hunted in great numbers. In this image, dark brown patches reveal the location of previous fires. The vegetation has yet to come back, and the landscape is virtually bare. NASA scientists study fire behavior in Kruger as part of the SAFARI field campaign. Running southward through Mozambique and into the Indian Ocean is the muddy Limpopo River--known to many through Rudyard Kipling's 'Just-so' story about how the elephant got its trunk. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  8. Terrorism--a (self) love story: redirecting the significance quest can end violence.

    PubMed

    Kruglanski, Arie W; Bélanger, Jocelyn J; Gelfand, Michele; Gunaratna, Rohan; Hettiarachchi, Malkanthi; Reinares, Fernando; Orehek, Edward; Sasota, Jo; Sharvit, Keren

    2013-10-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's concepts of self-love (amour propre) and love of self (amour de soi même) are applied to the psychology of terrorism. Self-love is concern with one's image in the eyes of respected others, members of one's group. It denotes one's feeling of personal significance, the sense that one's life has meaning in accordance with the values of one's society. Love of self, in contrast, is individualistic concern with self-preservation, comfort, safety, and the survival of self and loved ones. We suggest that self-love defines a motivational force that when awakened arouses the goal of a significance quest. When a group perceives itself in conflict with dangerous detractors, its ideology may prescribe violence and terrorism against the enemy as a means of significance gain that gratifies self-love concerns. This may involve sacrificing one's self-preservation goals, encapsulated in Rousseau's concept of love of self. The foregoing notions afford the integration of diverse quantitative and qualitative findings on individuals' road to terrorism and back. Understanding the significance quest and the conditions of its constructive fulfillment may be crucial to reversing the current tide of global terrorism.

  9. Flooding on Elbe River

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Heavy rains in Central Europe over the past few weeks have led to some of the worst flooding the region has witnessed in more than a century. The floods have killed more than 100 people in Germany, Russia, Austria, Hungary, and the Czech Republic and have led to as much as $20 billion in damage. This false-color image of the Elbe River and its tributaries was taken on August 20, 2002, by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite. The floodwaters that inundated Dresden, Germany, earlier this week have moved north. As can be seen, the river resembles a fairly large lake in the center of the image just south of the town of Wittenberg. Flooding was also bad further downriver in the towns of Maqgdeburge and Hitzacker. Roughly 20,000 people were evacuated from their homes in northern Germany. Fifty thousand troops, border police, and technical assistance workers were called in to combat the floods along with 100,000 volunteers. The floodwaters are not expected to badly affect Hamburg, which sits on the mouth of the river on the North Sea. Credit:Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  10. Metaphor in psychosis: on the possible convergence of Lacanian theory and neuro-scientific research.

    PubMed

    Ribolsi, Michele; Feyaerts, Jasper; Vanheule, Stijn

    2015-01-01

    Starting from the theories of leading psychiatrists, like Kraepelin and de Clérambault, the French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan (1901-1981) formulated an original theory of psychosis, focusing on the subject and on the structuring role of language. In particular, he postulated that language makes up the experience of subjectivity and that psychosis is marked by the absence of a crucial metaphorization process. Interestingly, in contemporary psychiatry there is growing empirical evidence that schizophrenia is characterized by abnormal interpretation of verbal and non-verbal information, with a great difficulty to put such information in the appropriate context. Neuro-scientific contributions have investigated this difficulty suggesting the possibility of interpreting schizophrenia as a semiotic disorder which makes the patients incapable of understanding the figurative meaning of the metaphoric speech, probably due to a dysfunction of certain right hemisphere areas, such as the right temporoparietal junction and the right superior/middle temporal gyrus. In this paper we first review the Lacanian theory of psychosis and neuro-scientific research in the field of symbolization and metaphoric speech. Next, we discuss possible convergences between both approaches, exploring how they might join and inspire one another. Clinical and neurophysiological research implications are discussed.

  11. Proving communal warfare among hunter-gatherers: The Quasi-Rousseauan error.

    PubMed

    Gat, Azar

    2015-01-01

    Was human fighting always there, as old as our species? Or is it a late cultural invention, emerging after the transition to agriculture and the rise of the state, which began, respectively, only around ten thousand and five thousand years ago? Viewed against the life span of our species, Homo sapiens, stretching back 150,000-200,000 years, let alone the roughly two million years of our genus Homo, this is the tip of the iceberg. We now have a temporal frame and plenty of empirical evidence for the "state of nature" that Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacque Rousseau discussed in the abstract and described in diametrically opposed terms. All human populations during the Pleistocene, until about 12,000 years ago, were hunter-gatherers, or foragers, of the simple, mobile sort that lacked accumulated resources. Studying such human populations that survived until recently or still survive in remote corners of the world, anthropology should have been uniquely positioned to answer the question of aboriginal human fighting or lack thereof. Yet access to, and the interpretation of, that information has been intrinsically problematic. The main problem has been the "contact paradox." Prestate societies have no written records of their own. Therefore, documenting them requires contact with literate state societies that necessarily affects the former and potentially changes their behavior, including fighting.

  12. Enduring Influence of Elizabethan Ophthalmic Texts of the 1580s: Bailey, Grassus, and Guillemeau

    PubMed Central

    Leffler, Christopher T; Schwartz, Stephen G; Davenport, Byrd; Randolph, Jessica; Busscher, Joshua; Hadi, Tamer

    2014-01-01

    Three English ophthalmic texts of the 1580s were frequently republished: 1) Walter Bailey’s A Briefe Treatise Touching the Preseruation of the Eie Sight, 2) The Method of Phisicke, an adaptation of the medieval treatise of Benevenutus Grassus, and 3) A Worthy Treatise of the Eyes, a translation of Jacques Guillemeau’s treatise. Their history is intertwined through composite publications, some of which lacked clear attribution. At least 21 editions incorporated these texts. Although not previously realized, major elements of all 3 works are found in Two Treatises Concerning the Preseruation of Eie-sight, first published in 1616. To preserve eyesight, Bailey recommended eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis), fennel (Fæniculum vulgare), and a moderate lifestyle incorporating wine. In the works of Grassus and Guillemeau, cataracts were believed to lie anterior to the ‘crystalline humor,’ and were treated by the ‘art of the needle,’ or couching. Links are found between Grassus, Guillemeau, and eighteenth century glaucoma concepts. Although one of his students has traditionally received credit, it was English oculist John Thomas Woolhouse who first combined the early concepts and used the term glaucoma to describe the palpably hard eye in the early eighteenth century. The three primary ophthalmic texts of 1580s England influenced ophthalmic thought for over a century. PMID:24959303

  13. Book Review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kragh, Helge

    2015-11-01

    Ever since the days of William Blake there has been an underground resistance against the soulless yet triumphant science and its unholy alliance with money, technology and political power. With the nearly undisputed hegemony that science and technological innovation has attained in the post-World War II era, this kind of resistance has resulted in numerous books and articles that in different ways warn against the dark sides of science and the socio-economic system that nourishes a science in degeneration. Classical examples include Herbert Marcuse's One-Dimensional Man (1964), Jacques Ellul's The Technological Society (1965), Theodore Roszak's The Making of a Counter Culture (1968), and Paul Feyerabend's Science in a Free Society (1978). A fair part of the literature written by sociologists and philosophers is not only critical to trends in modern science, but tends to or is overtly anti-science. The book under review belongs in some respects to this heterogeneous literary tradition, but Twilight of the Scientific Age is primarily directed against the institutional system of science and its associated ideology and not against science itself. Indeed, the author is himself a practicing scientist, an astrophysicist, and he emphasizes several times that he firmly believes in science, even that he loves it. He is not a "stupid cultural relativist," he asserts (p. 11), but a critical freethinker independent of dogmatic beliefs.

  14. Morocco

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This true-color image over Morocco was acquired on April 23, 2000, by NASA's Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, or MODIS, flying aboard the Terra spacecraft. The image was produced using a combination of the sensor's 250-m and 500-m resolution bands. Notice the exquisite detail in the colors and textures of the variety of land surface features in northwestern Africa. The heavily-vegetated (green pixels) peninsula in the top center of the image is the southern shore of the Strait of Gibralter--the passage between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Notice the patchy formation of low-level cumulus clouds (white pixels) over this region, suggesting a moister climate that contributes to better plant growth. On the tip of this peninsula is the coastal city of Tangier. Moving west along the coastline, the city of Casablanca lies about 200 miles (330 km) southwest of Tangier, and about 50 miles south of Rabat, the capital city. Both Casablanca and Rabat are visible as small grey clusters of pixels. About 200 miles due south of Casablanca, the Atlas Mountains (brownish pixels) are running in a northeasterly direction toward Algeria, Morocco's eastern neighbor. Toward the bottom right side of the image is a portion of the northwestern edge of the Sahara Desert. The most yellow pixels toward the southeast corner of the image is the region in the Sahara known as the Great Western Erg, in Algeria. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Group, NASA GSFC

  15. Abyssal intimacies and temporalities of care: How (not) to care about deformed leaf bugs in the aftermath of Chernobyl.

    PubMed

    Schrader, Astrid

    2015-10-01

    Prompted by a classroom discussion on knowledge politics in the aftermath of the Chernobyl disaster, this article offers a reading of Hugh Raffles' Insectopedia entry on Chernobyl. In that entry, Raffles describes how Swiss science-artist and environmental activist Cornelia Hesse-Honegger collects, studies, and paints morphologically deformed leaf bugs that she finds in the proximity of nuclear power plants. In exploring how to begin to care about beings, such as leaf bugs, this article proposes a notion of care that combines an intimate knowledge practice with an ethical relationship to more-than-human others. Jacques Derrida's notion of 'abyssal intimacy' is central to such a combination. Hesse-Honegger's research practices enact and her paintings depict an 'abyssal intimacy' that deconstructs the oppositions between concerns about human suffering and compassion for seemingly irrelevant insects and between knowledge politics and ethics. At the heart of such a careful knowledge production is a fundamental passivity, based on a shared vulnerability. An abyssal intimacy is not something we ought to recognize; rather, it issues from particular practices of care that do not identify their subjects of care in advance. Caring or becoming affected thus entails the dissociation of affection not only from the humanist subject, but also from movements in time: from direct helping action and from the assumption that advocacy necessarily means speaking for an other, usually assumed to be inferior.

  16. Unconditional hospitality: HIV, ethics and the refugee 'problem'.

    PubMed

    Worth, Heather

    2006-09-01

    Refugees, as forced migrants, have suffered displacement under conditions not of their own choosing. In 2000 there were thought to be 22 million refugees of whom 6 million were HIV positive. While the New Zealand government has accepted a number of HIV positive refugees from sub-Saharan Africa, this hospitality is under threat due to negative public and political opinion. Epidemic conditions raise the social stakes attached to sexual exchanges, contagion becomes a major figure in social relationships and social production, and the fears of the contagious nature of those 'just off the plane' connect refugees to an equally deep-seated fear of racial miscegenation. Jacques Derrida's notion of unconditional hospitality is a dream of a democracy which would have a cosmopolitan form. This means that one cannot decide in advance which refugees one might choose to resettle. This paper will use Derrida's notion of unconditional hospitality to emphasise the fragility of HIV positive refugees' position, caught between becoming newly made New Zealand subjects while at the same time having that subjecthood threatened. For Derrida, both ethics and politics demand both an action and a need for a thoughtful response (a questioning without limit).

  17. Floods in Northeast India and Bangladesh

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    For the past two weeks floods have ravaged Bangladesh (center) and eastern India (draped around Bangladesh to the north), killing over 50 people and displacing hundreds of thousands from their homes. These false-color images acquired on July 15 and 16, 2002, by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Terra satellite show some of the worst flooding. The dark brown, swollen river in the images (top right on July 16; center on July 15) is the Brahmaputra River, which flows through the middle of the Indian state of Assam at the foothills of the Himalaya Mountains. A large, black area south of the Brahmaputra (partially obscured by clouds) shows flooded areas in Bangladesh. Floods of this magnitude have been known to occur in southern Bangladesh and are caused by storms washing seawater over coastal regions. This year, however, unrelenting torrential rains across the entire eastern sub-continent gave rise to the deluge. The massive amounts of rainwater that fell on Nepal and Assam drained into an already waterlogged eastern Bangladesh. Normally, the Brahmaputra River and its tributaries would resemble a tangle of thin lines, and the large black patches in Bangladesh would be the color of the rest of the land surface, tan. In these false-color images, land is tan, and clouds are pink and white. Water comes across as black or dark brown, depending on its sediment level, with clearer water being closer to black. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  18. Arginine, scurvy and Cartier's "tree of life".

    PubMed

    Durzan, Don J

    2009-02-02

    Several conifers have been considered as candidates for "Annedda", which was the source for a miraculous cure for scurvy in Jacques Cartier's critically ill crew in 1536. Vitamin C was responsible for the cure of scurvy and was obtained as an Iroquois decoction from the bark and leaves from this "tree of life", now commonly referred to as arborvitae. Based on seasonal and diurnal amino acid analyses of candidate "trees of life", high levels of arginine, proline, and guanidino compounds were also probably present in decoctions prepared in the severe winter. The semi-essential arginine, proline and all the essential amino acids, would have provided additional nutritional benefits for the rapid recovery from scurvy by vitamin C when food supply was limited. The value of arginine, especially in the recovery of the critically ill sailors, is postulated as a source of nitric oxide, and the arginine-derived guanidino compounds as controlling factors for the activities of different nitric oxide synthases. This review provides further insights into the use of the candidate "trees of life" by indigenous peoples in eastern Canada. It raises hypotheses on the nutritional and synergistic roles of arginine, its metabolites, and other biofactors complementing the role of vitamin C especially in treating Cartier's critically ill sailors.

  19. Argentina from MODIS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image over Argentina was acquired on April 24, 2000, and was produced using a combination of the sensor's 250-m and 500-m resolution 'true color' bands. This image was presented on June 13, 2000 as a GIFt to Argentinian President Fernando de la Rua by NASA Administrator Dan Goldin. Note the Parana River which runs due south from the top of the image before turning east to empty into the Atlantic Ocean. Note the yellowish sediment from the Parana River mixing with the redish sediment from the Uruguay River as it empties into the Rio de la Plata. The water level of the Parana seems high, which could explain the high sediment discharge. A variety of land surface features are visible in this image. To the north, the greenish pixels show forest regions, as well as characteristic clusters of rectangular patterns of agricultural fields. In the lower left of the image, the lighter green pixels show arable regions where there is grazing and farming. (Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Group, NASA GSFC)

  20. Performance and Prospects of Khayyam, A Tunable Spatial Heterodyne Spectrometer (SHS) for High Spectral Resolving Power Observation of Extended Planetary Targets in Optical Wavelengths

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hosseini, S.; Harris, W.

    2014-12-01

    We present initial results, calibration and data reduction process from observations of wide-field targets using Khayyam at Mt. Hamilton, a new instrument based on a reflective spatial heterodyne spectrometer (SHS) at the focus of the Coudé Auxiliary Telescope (CAT). SHS instruments are common path two-beam Fourier transform spectrometers that produce 2-D spatial interference patterns without the requirement for moving parts. The utility of SHS comes from its combination of a wide input acceptance angle (0.5-1°), high resolving power (of order ~105), compact format, high dynamic range, and relaxed optical tolerances compared with other interferometer designs. This combination makes them extremely useful for velocity resolved for observations of wide field targets from both small and large telescopes. This report focuses on the tunable instrument at Mt Hamilton, The CAT provides a test case for on-axis use of SHS, and the impact of the resulting field non-uniformity caused by the spider pattern will be discussed. Observations of several targets will be presented that demonstrate the capabilities of SHS, including comet C/2014 E2 (Jacques), Jupiter, and both the day sky and night glow. Raw interferometric data and transformed power spectra will be shown and evaluated in terms of instrumental stability.