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Sample records for femoral impaction grafts

  1. Femoral impaction grafting

    PubMed Central

    Scanelli, John A; Brown, Thomas E

    2013-01-01

    Femoral impaction grafting is a reconstruction option applicable to both simple and complex femoral component revisions. It is one of the preferred techniques for reconstructing large femoral defects when the isthmus is non-supportive. The available level of evidence is primarily derived from case series, which shows a mean survivorship of 90.5%, with revision or re-operation as the end-point, with an average follow-up of 11 years. The rate of femoral fracture requiring re-operation or revision of the component varies between several large case series, ranging from 2.5% to 9%, with an average of 5.4%. PMID:23362469

  2. Proximal Femoral Reconstructions with Bone Impaction Grafting and Metal Mesh

    PubMed Central

    Comba, Fernando; Piccaluga, Francisco

    2009-01-01

    Extensive circumferential proximal cortical bone loss is considered by some a contraindication for impaction bone grafting in the femur. We asked whether reconstruction with a circumferential metal mesh, impacted bone allografts, and a cemented stem would lead to acceptable survival in these patients. We retrospectively reviewed 14 patients (15 hips) with severe proximal femoral bone defects (average, 12 cm long; 14 type IV and one type IIIB using the classification of Della Valle and Paprosky) reconstructed with this method. The minimum followup was 20 months (average, 43.2 months; range, 20–72 months). Preoperative Merle D’Aubigné and Postel score averaged 4.8 points. With revision of the stem as the end point, the survivorship of the implant was 100% at one year and 86.6% at 72 months. The mean functional score at last followup was 14.4 points. We observed two fractures of the metal mesh at 31 and 48 months in cases reconstructed with a stem that did not bypass the mesh. Dislocation (3 cases) and acute deep infection (3 cases) were the most frequent complications. Patients with complete absence of the proximal femur may be candidates for biological proximal femoral reconstructions using this salvage procedure. Bone impaction grafting must be a routine technique if this method is selected. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:19294476

  3. Femoral impaction bone grafting in revision hip arthroplasty: 705 cases from the originating centre.

    PubMed

    Wilson, M J; Hook, S; Whitehouse, S L; Timperley, A J; Gie, G A

    2016-12-01

    Femoral impaction bone grafting was first developed in 1987 using morselised cancellous bone graft impacted into the femoral canal in combination with a cemented, tapered, polished stem. We describe the evolution of this technique and instrumentation since that time. Between 1987 and 2005, 705 revision total hip arthroplasties (56 bilateral) were performed with femoral impaction grafting using a cemented femoral stem. All surviving patients were prospectively followed for a mean of 14.7 years (9.8 to 28.3) with no loss to follow-up. By the time of the final review, 404 patients had died. There were 76 further revisions (10.8%) involving the stem; seven for aseptic loosening, 23 for periprosthetic fracture, 24 for infection, one for malposition, one for fracture of the stem and 19 cement-in-cement exchanges of the stem during acetabular revision. The 20-year survival rate for the entire series was 98.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 97.8 to 99.8) with aseptic loosening as the endpoint, and 87.7% (95% CI 82.8 to 92.6) for revision for any reason. Survival improved with the evolution of the technique, although this was not statistically significant due to the overall low rate of further revision. This is the largest series of revision total hip arthroplasties with femoral impaction grafting, and the results support the continued use of this technique. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1611-19. ©2016 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  4. Reduced femoral component subsidence with improved impaction grafting at revision hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Howie, D W; Callary, S A; McGee, M A; Russell, N C; Solomon, L B

    2010-12-01

    Despite stem subsidence being a major complication of femoral impaction bone grafting in cemented revision hip arthroplasty, few studies have distinguished subsidence at the prosthesis-cement interface from that at the cement-bone interface. It is unknown how technique developments intended to improve the procedure influence stability of the stem. We used a sensitive technique to measure subsidence of a cemented polished collarless double-taper stem at each interface after femoral impaction grafting and compared subsidence, radiographic loosening, complications, and reoperations over three series of hips defined by technique developments. Three series were defined: Series 1 (n = 23, irradiated allograft), Series 2 (n = 12, double-washed, size-profiled graft, nonirradiated bone, long stems as required), and Series 3 (n = 21, modular tamps). Stem subsidence was analyzed with Ein Bild Röntgen Analyse software. Radiographic loosening, complications, and reoperations were also determined. The median subsidence at 12 months for Series 1, 2, and 3 were 2.1, 0.5, and 0.7 mm at the prosthesis-cement interface and 1.3, 0.1, and 0.1 mm at the cement-bone interface. There were two postoperative Vancouver B periprosthetic fractures in Series 1, four hips were revised for loosening in Series 1, and there were no fractures or loosening in Series 2 and 3 at minimum 2 years' followup. There were no surviving hips radiographically classified as possibly or probably loose. Evolution in techniques of femoral impaction grafting in this study were associated with reduced subsidence of the stem at both the prosthesis-cement interface and cement-bone interface when compared to the original series. Concurrent with reduced stem subsidence was the absence of periprosthetic fracture, radiographic loosening, and complications requiring rerevision.

  5. Therapeutic effect of minimally invasive decompression combined with impaction bone grafting on osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hong-Jun; Liu, You-Wen; Du, Zhi-Qian; Guo, Huili; Fan, Ke-Jie; Liang, Guo-Hui; Liu, Xing-Cai

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this study was to observe the therapeutic effect of minimally invasive decompression combined with impaction bone grafting on osteonecrosis of the femoral head. A total of 67 patients underwent minimally invasive lightbulb decompression combined with impaction bone grafting. The therapeutic effect was evaluated according to Harris scores, and fluoroscopic and magnetic resolution imaging results at different time points. The Harris score was significantly increased after operation. The fineness rate was 85.4%. Postoperative disease progression was found in nine patients with the progression rate of 14.63%. The average necrotic area percentage was noticeably reduced 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after operation. The one-year postoperative percentage showed a significant difference compared with the preoperative one. Minimally invasive lightbulb decompression combined with impaction bone grafting can achieve a satisfactory curative effect on ONFH. This method has the advantages of small trauma, thorough decompression, and good bone implantation.

  6. Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 in Debridement and Impacted Bone Graft for the Treatment of Femoral Head Osteonecrosis

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Fuqiang; Shi, Zhencai; Zhang, Qidong; Guo, Wanshou

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of impacted bone graft with or without recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). We examined the effect of bone-grafting through a window at the femoral head-neck junction, known as the “light bulb” approach, for the treatment of ONFH with a combination of artificial bone (Novobone) mixed with or without rhBMP-2. A total of 42 patients (72 hips) were followed-up from 5 to 7.67 years (average of 6.1 years). The patients with and without BMP were the first group (IBG+rhBMP-2) and the second group (IBG), respectively. The clinical effectiveness was evaluated by Harris hip score (HHS). The radiographic follow-up was evaluated by pre-and postoperative X-ray and CT scan. Excellent, good, and fair functions were obtained in 36, 12, and 7 hips, respectively. The survival rate was 81.8% and 71.8% in the first and second group, respectively. However, the survival rate was 90.3% in ARCO stage IIb, c, and only 34.6% in ARCO stage IIIa(P<0.05). It was concluded that good and excellent mid-term follow-up could be achieved in selected patients with ONFH treated with impacted bone graft operation. The rhBMP-2 might improve the clinical efficacy and quality of bone repair. PMID:24956102

  7. Fracture of the C-Stem cemented femoral component in revision hip surgery using bone impaction grafting technique: report of 9 cases.

    PubMed

    Buttaro, Martin; Comba, Fernando; Zanotti, Gerardo; Piccaluga, Francisco

    2015-01-01

    We present a series of 9 fractures of a C-Stem femoral component (6 long stems and 3 conventional stems) that had been implanted with the use of impaction bone grafting (IBG). The length of the long fractured stems was 240 mm in 4 cases and 200 mm in 2. The patients presented had an average BMI of 26.5 and an average of 2.7 previous hip surgeries (range 2-5 surgeries) before the stem fracture. A total of 5 cases presented with a metal mesh fracture in addition to the fractured stem. Bending of the stems or stem defects was not observed in any case. Typical fracture waves consistent with fatigue failure were clearly visible on all the cut surfaces, starting anterolaterally and propagating to the medial side. Although fatigue fracture of a modern cemented tapered polished femoral stem is a rare event, stress due to the absence of proximal femoral bone support could be sufficient to put this stem at a higher risk for fatigue fracture in non-obese patients.

  8. Postcatheterization Femoral Arteriovenous Fistulas: Endovascular Treatment with Stent-Grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Onal, Baran Kosar, Sule; Gumus, Terman; Ilgit, Erhan T.; Akpek, Sergin

    2004-09-15

    Purpose: To report our results of stent-graft implantation for the endovascular treatment of postcatheterization femoral arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) occurring between the deep femoral artery and the femoral vein.Methods: Endovascular treatment of iatrogenic femoral AVFs as a result of arterial puncture for coronary angiography and/or angioplasty was attempted in 10 cases. Balloon-expandable stent-grafts, one for each lesion, were used to repair the fistulas, which were between the deep femoral artery and the femoral vein in all cases. Stent-graft implantation to the deep femoral artery was performed by a contralateral retrograde approach.Results: All stent-grafts were deployed successfully. Complete closure of the fistulas was accomplished immediately in nine of 10 cases. In one case, complete closure could not be obtained but the fact that the complaint subsided was taken to indicate clinical success. In three cases, side branch occlusion of the deep femoral artery occurred. No complications were observed after implantation. Follow-up for 8-31 months (mean 18.5 months) with color Doppler ultrasonography revealed patency of the stented arterial segments without recurrent arteriovenous shunting in those nine patients who had successful immediate closure of their AVFs.Conclusion: Our results with a mean follow-up 18.5 months suggest that stent-graft implantation for the closure of postcatheterization femoral AVFs originating from the deep femoral artery is an effective, minimally invasive alternative procedure.

  9. Survivorship Analysis of Eighty Revised Hip Arthroplasties With the Impaction Grafting Technique Using Whole Femoral Head Allografts With the Articular Cartilage.

    PubMed

    Fadulelmola, Ahmed; Drampalos, Efstathios; Hodgkinson, John; Hemmady, Mukesh

    2017-06-01

    Acetabular impaction bone grafting aims to restore anatomy in hip revision surgery. This is an effective but expensive and time-consuming technique. Usually, the articular cartilage is removed from the femoral head allograft. We aimed to reproduce the same results retaining the cartilage of the allograft. Eighty acetabular revisions using impacted morselized bone graft retaining the articular cartilage and a cemented cup were studied retrospectively. Six were lost during follow-up. The mean follow-up was 6.5 years (range 1-13). Clinical and radiological assessment was made using the Oxford Hip Score, Hodgkinson's criteria for socket loosening, and the Gie classification for evaluation of allograft incorporation. Sixty-three sockets (85.1%) were considered radiologically stable (type 0, 1, and 2 demarcations), 8 (10.8%) were radiologically loose (type 3), and 3 (4.1%) presented with migration. Fifty-one (68.9%) cases showed good trabecular remodeling (grade 3), 20 (27%) showed trabecular incorporation (grade 2), and 3 (4.1%) showed poor allograft incorporation. Mean preoperative hip score was 43 and postoperative score was 28. Six (8.1%) cases presented heterotopic ossification around the revised implants, 2 patients (2.7%) had periprosthetic fractures, and 4 (5.4%) had dislocations. The Kaplan-Meier survivorship at a mean of 6.5 years with revision of the cup for any reason was 95.9% (95% confidence interval 5.6-7.5). The mid-term results of our technique are promising. Particularly when the supply of fresh-frozen allografts and surgical time is limited, using whole femoral head with articular cartilage is both safe and effective. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Mechanisms of stem subsidence in femoral impaction allografting.

    PubMed

    Albert, Carolyne; Frei, Hanspeter; Duncan, Clive; Fernlund, Goran

    2011-01-01

    Failure of the femoral component of total hip arthroplasty is often accompanied by bone loss that can pose a significant challenge to the orthopaedic surgeon. Femoral impaction allografting has attractive potential for restoring bone stock in deficient femurs. However, there have been reports of problematic postoperative stem subsidence with this procedure. Subsidence is highly variable among patients, and there is disagreement over the mechanisms that cause it. This article reviews the various mechanisms that can contribute to subsidence in femoral impaction allografting. Variables such as graft density, cement penetration profile, use of synthetic graft substitutes, or other graft additives are discussed, as well as their potential impact on subsidence. Finally, recommendations are made for future studies aiming to reduce the risk of excessive subsidence in femoral impaction allografting.

  11. Pantaloon femoral vein graft as "neoaorta" in infected aortic disease.

    PubMed

    Verma, Himanshu; Mohan, Satish; Tripathi, Ramesh K

    2015-10-01

    Infected abdominal aortic disease and graft infections pose a significant challenge for the vascular surgeon. Thorough radical débridement, either preceded by extra-anatomic bypass or followed by in situ aortic replacement, is the mainstay of treatment. The role of endovascular repair by stent grafts is being increasingly described but is limited to relatively less virulent mycotic aneurysms or as a "bridging" option in sick patients with florid sepsis that necessitates eventual delayed definitive surgical management. Autologous femoral vein has been an excellent conduit for aortic bifurcation reconstruction in this setting. Although various configurations of femoral vein conduit have been described for aortobi-iliac reconstruction, an in-depth knowledge of the venous anatomy, physiology, mechanisms of "profundization," and techniques of harvest and graft preparation is essential for efficient conduct of the operation and its optimal outcomes. We review in detail these aspects of "pantaloon" femoral vein graft creation as a "neoaorta".

  12. Hybrid approach to limb salvage in the setting of an infected femoral-femoral bypass graft.

    PubMed

    Jones, Douglas W; Meltzer, Andrew J; Schneider, Darren B

    2014-08-01

    Prosthetic vascular graft infection in patients with advanced peripheral arterial disease can lead to multiple additional procedures, including extra-anatomic bypass or even amputation. We report the case of an 88-year-old woman with critical limb ischemia and an infected prosthetic femoral-femoral bypass graft. Using a planned hybrid 2-stage approach, we performed endovascular recanalization of the native left iliac arterial system using remote access via the superficial femoral artery to avoid infected groin wounds. Recanalization of the patient's Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II D chronic iliac occlusion allowed for removal of the infected graft and placement of a profunda femoris artery to proximal posterior tibial artery bypass, thereby restoring inflow and avoiding the infected left groin. Newer endovascular techniques coupled with open surgical options may lead to limb salvage in patients with previously unreconstructable peripheral arterial disease.

  13. Quadratus lumborum block for femoral–femoral bypass graft placement

    PubMed Central

    Watanabe, Kunitaro; Mitsuda, Shingo; Tokumine, Joho; Lefor, Alan Kawarai; Moriyama, Kumi; Yorozu, Tomoko

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: Atherosclerosis has a complex etiology that leads to arterial obstruction and often results in inadequate perfusion of the distal limbs. Patients with atherosclerosis can have severe complications of this condition, with widespread systemic manifestations, and the operations undertaken are often challenging for anesthesiologists. Case report: A 79-year-old woman with chronic heart failure and respiratory dysfunction presented with bilateral gangrene of the distal lower extremities with obstruction of the left common iliac artery due to atherosclerosis. Femoral–femoral bypass graft and bilateral foot amputations were planned. Spinal anesthesia failed due to severe scoliosis and deformed vertebrae. General anesthesia was induced after performing multiple nerve blocks including quadratus lumborum, sciatic nerve, femoral nerve, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, and obturator nerve blocks. However, general anesthesia was abandoned because of deterioration in systemic perfusion. The surgery was completed; the patient remained comfortable and awake without the need for further analgesics. Conclusion: Quadratus lumborum block may be a useful anesthetic technique to perform femoral–femoral bypass. PMID:27583851

  14. A new technique for femoral and tibial tunnel bone grafting using the OATS harvesters in revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Said, Hatem G; Baloch, Khalid; Green, Marcus

    2006-07-01

    Revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is becoming more frequent, especially in specialized centers, because of the large numbers of primary ACL procedures performed. In 2-stage revisions, bone grafting of the tunnels may be undertaken if the primary position was inaccurate or if osteolysis has caused widening of the tunnels. This will allow the desired placement of the new tunnels without the risk of loss of structural integrity. It is technically difficult to deliver and impact bone graft into the femoral tunnel with the standard surgical and arthroscopic instruments. We describe a new technique for femoral and tibial tunnel impaction grafting in 2-stage ACL revisions, using the OATS grafting instruments (Osteochondral Autologous Transfer System; Arthrex, Naples, FL). The appropriately sized OATS harvester is chosen 1 mm larger than the tunnel size and is used to harvest bone graft from the iliac crest through a percutaneous approach. This provides a cylindrical graft, which is delivered to the femoral tunnel through the arthroscopic portal. The inside punch of the harvester is tapped and this allows delivery of the graft in a controlled manner and its impaction into the tunnel. The same is repeated for the tibial tunnel while providing support for the proximal end of the tunnel.

  15. Endovascular Treatment of a Ruptured Profunda Femoral Artery Branch After Fogarty Thrombectomy of a Femoro-Femoral Crossover Arterial Graft: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect

    Manousaki, Eirini; Tsetis, Dimitrios; Kostas, Theodoros; Katsamouris, Asterios

    2010-02-15

    We present a very rare case of a life-threatening rupture of a profunda femoral artery distal branch after a Fogarty thrombectomy of a thrombosed crossover synthetic graft between the ipsilateral common femoral artery and a contralateral iliac-popliteal graft; the bleeding profunda femoral artery branch was successfully embolized with metallic coils through the axillary artery approach.

  16. "Redo" surgery for late aorto-femoral graft occlusive failures.

    PubMed

    Benhamou, A C; Kieffer, E; Tricot, J F; Maraval, M; Le Thoai, M; Natali, J

    1984-01-01

    Experience of late failures of Dacron aortofemoral grafts is presented; about 70 cases observed during the past eight years on whom 105 subsequent operations were performed. One third of these patients were first operated upon by another surgical team. During the same period, 850 patients were submitted to reconstructive surgery of the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries either for atherosclerotic or for aneurysmal disease. It appears that conservative procedures like thrombectomy of the occluded limb are often insufficient, impossible, inappropriate or dangerous, even after restoration of a good deep femoral outflow. On the other hand, aggressive restoration of limbflow is generally necessary, with other various and ingenious direct or indirect reconstructive techniques for restitution of a good inflow and outflow. These techniques are usually successful (85%) and gain time against the major etiology of these late failures viz the development of atherosclerotic disease.

  17. Comparison of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Isometry between Paired Femoral and Tibial Tunnels.

    PubMed

    Cain, E Lyle; Biggers, Marcus D; Beason, David P; Emblom, Benton A; Dugas, Jeffrey R

    2017-03-10

    Accurate tunnel placement is important for a successful anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Controversy exists concerning the preferred method of femoral tunnel preparation, with proponents of both medial portal and transtibial drilling techniques. Current ACL literature suggests that placement of the femoral ACL attachment site posterior or "low" in the ACL footprint leads to more anatomically correct ACL mechanics and better rotational control. There is limited literature focusing on ACL graft displacement through knee range of motion based on specific paired placement of femoral and tibial tunnels. Our purpose was to assess ACL isometry between multiple combinations of femoral and tibial tunnels. We hypothesized that placement of the graft at the posterior aspect of the ACL footprint on the femur would be significantly less isometric and lead to more graft displacement as compared with central or anterior placement. The ACL of matched pairs of cadaveric knees was arthroscopically debrided while leaving the soft tissue footprint on the femur and tibia intact. One knee from each pair underwent notchplasty. In all knees, three femoral and three tibial tunnels were created at the anterior, central, and posterior aspects of the ACL footprint. A suture was passed through each tunnel combination (nine potential pairs), and the change in isometry was measured throughout full knee range of motion. Placement of the femoral tunnel along the posterior aspect of the ACL footprint was less isometric compared with a central or anterior position in the femoral footprint. Placement of a posterior tibial tunnel also led to decreased isometry, but tibial tunnel placement affected isometry to a lesser extent than femoral tunnel placement. The combination of a posterior femoral and posterior tibial tunnel resulted in greater than 1 cm of graft excursion from full flexion to extension. Placement of ACL tunnels at anisometric sites may adversely affect the mechanical

  18. Stent graft repair of iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistula: a useful therapeutic approach in a hostile groin.

    PubMed

    De Martino, Randall R; Nolan, Brian W; Powell, Richard J; Walsh, Daniel B; Stone, David H

    2010-01-01

    The incidence of iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistulas (IFAVF) has increased in contemporary practice. We herein report the case of a 55-year-old obese woman with significant surgical comorbidities who sustained an IFAVF between the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and the femoral vein. Given her substantial risk factors, she was treated with a SFA stent-graft (iCast 6 x 22 mm) using a contralateral endovascular approach. She remains asymptomatic at 15 months with ongoing resolution of the AVF. This report highlights the utility of stent-graft repair of an IFAVF in high surgical risk patients or in those with ''hostile'' anatomy.

  19. Graft bending angle is correlated with femoral intraosseous graft signal intensity in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the outside-in technique.

    PubMed

    Ahn, Jin Hwan; Jeong, Hwa Jae; Lee, Yong Seuk; Park, Jai Hyung; Lee, Jin Ho; Ko, Taeg Su

    2016-08-01

    The purposes of this study were as follows: 1) to determine the correlation between the bending angle of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft at the femoral tunnel and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal intensity of the ACL graft and 2) to analyze the difference in the MRI signal intensity of the reconstructed ACL graft in different areas of the graft after single-bundle hamstring autograft ACL (SB ACL) reconstruction using an outside-in (OI) technique with bone-sparing retro-reaming. Thirty-eight patients who underwent SB ACL reconstruction with the hamstring tendon autograft using the OI technique were enrolled in this study. All patients were assessed using three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) to evaluate femoral tunnel factors, including tunnel placement, tunnel length, tunnel diameter, and femoral tunnel bending angle. At a mean of 6.3±0.8months after surgery, 3.0-T MRI was used to evaluate the graft signal intensity using signal/noise quotient for high-signal-intensity lesions. Among various femoral tunnel factors, only the femoral tunnel bending angle in the coronal plane was significantly (p=0.003) correlated with the signal/noise quotient of the femoral intraosseous graft. The femoral intraosseous graft had significantly (p=0.009) higher signal intensity than the other graft zone. Five cases (13.2%) showed high-signal-intensity zones around the femoral tunnel but not around the tibial tunnel. After ACL reconstruction using the OI technique, the graft bending angle was found to be significantly correlated with the femoral intraosseous graft signal intensity, indicating that increased signal intensity by acute graft bending might be related to the maturation of the graft. This was a retrospective comparative study with Level III evidence. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Femoral fracture after harvesting of autologous bone graft using a reamer/irrigator/aspirator.

    PubMed

    Giori, Nicholas J; Beaupre, Gary S

    2011-02-01

    A case of postoperative fracture in the donor femur after obtaining autologous bone graft with a reamer/irrigator/aspirator is presented. This procedure was successful in healing a difficult femoral nonunion, but the patient sustained a fracture of the contralateral (bone graft donor) femur 20 days after surgery. A mechanical analysis is conducted of this case and recommendations are made. Unrestricted weightbearing on a limb that has undergone reamer/irrigator/aspirator bone graft harvesting, particularly in a noncompliant patient, is probably inadvisable. If possible, one should obtain bone graft from the same limb as the fracture being treated because this will leave the patient with one unaltered limb for mobilization.

  1. Impaction bone grafting and cemented stem revision in periprosthetic hip fractures: a novel surgical technique.

    PubMed

    Dearden, Paul M; Bobak, Peter P; Giannoudis, Peter V

    2014-01-01

    With an ageing population, and increasing longevity of hip arthroplasty prostheses, the incidence of periprosthetic femoral fractures is rising. We present a simple and easily reproducible technique for reduction of any periprosthetic fracture that requires bone graft augmentation. This method facilitates impaction bone grafting to reconstitute lost bone stock and revision using a cemented implant.

  2. Implantation of completely biological engineered grafts following decellularization into the sheep femoral artery.

    PubMed

    Syedain, Zeeshan H; Meier, Lee A; Lahti, Mathew T; Johnson, Sandra L; Tranquillo, Robert T

    2014-06-01

    The performance of completely biological, decellularized engineered allografts in a sheep model was evaluated to establish clinical potential of these unique arterial allografts. The 4-mm-diameter, 2-3-cm-long grafts were fabricated from fibrin gel remodeled into an aligned tissue tube in vitro by ovine dermal fibroblasts. Decellularization and subsequent storage had little effect on graft properties, with burst pressure exceeding 4000 mmHg and the same compliance as the ovine femoral artery. Grafts were implanted interpositionally in the femoral artery of six sheep (n=9), with contralateral sham controls (n=3). At 8 weeks (n=5) and 24 weeks (n=4), all grafts were patent and showed no evidence of dilatation or mineralization. Mid-graft lumen diameter was unchanged. Extensive recellularization occurred, with most cells expressing αSMA. Endothelialization was complete by 24 weeks with elastin deposition evident. These completely biological grafts possessed circumferential alignment/mechanical anisotropy characteristic of native arteries and were cultured only 5 weeks prior to decellularization and storage as "off-the-shelf" grafts.

  3. Stiffness characteristics of hamstring tendon graft fixation methods at the femoral site.

    PubMed

    Benfield, D; Otto, D D; Bagnall, K M; Raso, V J; Moussa, W; Amirfazli, A

    2005-02-01

    In ACL reconstruction, stiffness and strength of a tendon graft complex are important features for knee stability and rehabilitation. The fixation between tendon and bone is known to be one of the weakest components of the graft complex. We examined the tensile load-displacement characteristics of looped semitendinosus tendons in a porcine femoral tunnel. Two groups of six cadaveric semitendinosus tendons and porcine femurs were tested, secured with either an aperture or non-aperture fixation method. Constructs were tested at 1 mm/s until failure in a materials testing machine, which allowed force and displacement data to be recorded. The non-aperture fixation group was significantly less stiff for the first 4 mm of displacement and had significantly higher ultimate failure loads. Provided that adequate ultimate strength can be achieved, stiffness properties of a tendon graft will be improved by using aperture fixation in femoral-site ACL reconstruction.

  4. Autologous Hamstring Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Failure Using the Anteromedial Portal Technique With Suspensory Femoral Fixation

    PubMed Central

    Galdi, Balazs; Reyes, Allan; Brabston, Eugene W.; Levine, William N.

    2015-01-01

    Background: The anteromedial portal technique for drilling of the femoral tunnel during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been advocated by many surgeons as allowing improved access to the anatomical footprint. Furthermore, suspensory fixation of soft tissue grafts has become popularized because of complications associated with cross-pin fixation. Concerns regarding the use of both have recently arisen. Purpose: To raise awareness of the increased risk of graft failure when using the anteromedial portal technique with suspensory femoral fixation during ACL reconstruction. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: From November 1998 to August 2012, a total of 465 primary ACL reconstructions were performed using quadrupled hamstring autograft tendons, with drilling of the femoral tunnel performed via the transtibial portal. Graft fixation on the femur was achieved with cross-pin fixation, while interference screw fixation was used on the tibia. From September 2012 to October 2013, there were 69 reconstructions performed through an anteromedial portal. While there was no change in graft choice, a change was made to using suspensory femoral fixation. No other surgical or postoperative rehabilitation changes were made. Results: During the 14-year period in which ACL reconstructions were performed via the transtibial portal and with cross-pin fixation, 2 graft failures (0.4% failure rate) were reported. After switching to the anteromedial portal with suspensory fixation, 7 graft failures (10.1% failure rate) were reported over a 13-month period. These were 5 male and 2 female patients, with a mean age of 18.8 years—all elite athletes. The same surgical technique was used in all patients, and all patients had at least an 8 mm–diameter graft. Patients were cleared to return to sport at an average of 8.4 months postoperatively, after completing functional performance tests. Of the 7 patients, 6 sustained a rerupture of the graft within

  5. Failed vascularized fibular graft in treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. A histopathological analysis

    PubMed Central

    MELONI, MARIA CHIARA; HOEDEMAEKER, W. RUSSALKA; FORNASIER, VICTOR

    2016-01-01

    Purpose vascularized fibular grafting has been used to treat osteonecrosis of the femoral head in younger patients. Although the results described in the literature are promising, the failure rate is still significant, especially in steroid users. This study was undertaken to learn more, on a histopathological level, about the mechanism of vascularized fibular graft failure. Methods fifteen femoral heads removed at conversion to total hip arthroplasty were analyzed. The case load comprised 10 men and 5 women. They ranged in age from 28 to 39 years and had a median age of 35 years. The interval between the vascularized fibular implant procedure and the conversion to total hip arthroplasty ranged from 22 months to 30 months; the median interval was 26 months. All the patients were steroid users. The heads were sectioned and axial and coronal sections were taken and stained using the WHO method (hematoxylin, phloxine, saffron and Alcian green). A quantitative and qualitative analysis of graft-host interaction at the head (zone 1), neck (zone 2) and epiphysis (zone 3) was performed. Results all the specimens showed recognizable collapse of the articular surface over the area of necrosis. Thirteen femoral heads showed the presence of an osteochondral flap attached only at the margins of the area of avascular necrosis, and 10 of these 13 femoral heads also showed loss of the articulating surface with an ulcer crater corresponding to the exposed area of avascular necrosis. Conclusions vascularized fibular graft failure seems to be related to a negative effect of creeping substitution: the revascularization becomes a negative force as it supports unbalanced bone resorption, which, as is well known, is enhanced by corticosteroids. Clinical relevance creeping substitution is an undermining force in the repair and revascularization of the necrotic area in the femoral head. PMID:27386444

  6. Similarities of arterial collagen pressure-diameter relationship in ovine femoral arteries and PLLA vascular grafts.

    PubMed

    Armentano, Ricardo L; Cymberknop, Leandro J; Suarez Bagnasco, Diego; Montini Ballarin, Florencia; Balay, Guillermo; Negreira, Carlos A; Abraham, Gustavo A

    2014-01-01

    In-vivo implanted vascular grafts fail due to the mechanical mismatch between the native vessel and the implant. The biomechanical characterization of native vessels provides valuable information towards the development of synthetic grafts. Five samples of electrospun nanofibrous poly(L-lactic acid)(PLLA) tubular structures were subjected to physiological pulsating pressure using an experimental setup. Four ovine femoral arteries were also tested in the experimental setup under the same conditions. Instantaneous diameter and pressure signals were obtained using gold standard techniques, in order to estimate the dynamic pressure-strain elastic modulus (E(Pε)) of both native vessels and grafts. Synthetic grafts showed a significant increase of E(Pε) (10.57±0.97 to 17.63±2.61 10(6) dyn/cm(2)) when pressure was increased from a range of 50-90 mmHg (elastin-response range) to a range of 100-130 mmHg (collagen-response range). Furthermore, femoral arteries also exhibited a significant increase of EPε (1.66±0.30 to 15.76±4.78 10(6) dyn/cm(2)) with the same pressure variation, showing that both native vessels and synthetic grafts have a similar behavior in the collagen-acting range. The mechanical behavior of PLLA vascular grafts was characterized In vitro. However, the procedure can be easily extrapolated to In vivo experiences in conscious and chronically instrumented animals.

  7. Free fibular strut graft in neglected femoral neck fractures in adult

    PubMed Central

    Azam, Md Quamar; Iraqi, AA; Sherwani, MKA; Sabir, Amir Bin; Abbas, M; Asif, Naiyer

    2009-01-01

    Background: Neglected femoral neck fracture in adults still poses a formidable challenge. Existing treatment options varies from osteotomy (with or without graft) to osteosynthesis using various implants and grafting techniques (muscle pedicle, vascularized, and nonvascularized fibula). The aim of this study was to assess outcome of nonvascularized fibular strut graft and cancellous screw fixation in neglected femoral neck fractures in the younger age group. Materials and Methods: Medical records of 32 patients of neglected femoral neck fracture, in the age group of 22-45 years (mean 37.8 years), operated between May 1994 to December 2001, were retrospectively reviewed. After the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 28 patients having three years minimum follow-up (mean 4.6 years) were included. Delay between injury and operation varied from four weeks to 42 weeks (mean 16.4 weeks). Closed reduction was achieved in 17 patients; open reduction through Watson-Jones anterolateral approach was performed in the remaining 15 patients in whom closed reduction failed. The fracture was transfixed with three parallel guide wires. Appropriate sized cannulated lag screw (7 mm) was then inserted in two of the wires. Selection of the third guide wire for fibula depended on the space available in both anteroposterior and lateral view. Results: Satisfactory bony union was obtained in 25 patients, of whom in four cases, the union occurred in 10-20° (mean 15°) of varus. Nonunion occurred in three patients (9.37%), and aseptic necrosis occurred in another six patients (18.75%). Of the 25 patients where union was achieved, five patients showed excellent results; 14 good and six had poor functional result, as evaluated using modified Anglen criteria. Conclusion: Nonvascularized fibular strut graft along with cancellous screws provides a dependable and technically less-demanding alternative procedure for neglected femoral neck fractures in young adults. Fibula being

  8. Late Complication after Superficial Femoral Artery (SFA) Aneurysm: Stent-graft Expulsion Outside the Skin

    SciTech Connect

    Pecoraro, Felice Sabatino, Ermanno R.; Dinoto, Ettore; Rosa, Giuliana La; Corte, Giuseppe; Bajardi, Guido

    2015-10-15

    A 78-year-old man presented with a 7-cm aneurysm in the left superficial femoral artery, which was considered unfit and anatomically unsuitable for conventional open surgery for multiple comorbidities. The patient was treated with stent-graft [Viabhan stent-graft (WL Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, AZ)]. Two years from stent-graft implantation, the patient presented a purulent secretion and a spontaneous external expulsion through a fistulous channel. No claudication symptoms or hemorrhagic signs were present. The pus and device cultures were positive for Staphylococcus aureus sensitive to piperacillin/tazobactam. Patient management consisted of fistula drainage, systemic antibiotic therapy, and daily wound dressing. At 1-month follow-up, the wound was closed. To our knowledge, this is the first case of this type of stent-graft complication presenting with external expulsion.

  9. Long-term Followup of Vascularized Fibular Grafting for Femoral Head Necrosis

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Kang-Il; Hahn, Chung-Soo; Parvizi, Javad

    2008-01-01

    Vascularized fibular grafting has been used for treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head and although some reports demonstrate successful short- to mid-term outcomes, long-term results are still unknown. We retrospectively reviewed 135 patients (151 hips) who underwent vascularized fibular grafting for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. One-hundred and ten patients (124 hips) were followed for a minimum 10 years (mean, 13.9 years; range, 10–23.7 years). The mean Harris hip score improved from 72 to 88. At the latest followup, we found improved or unchanged radiographs in 37 of 59 hips initially Stage II hips and 39 of 65 Stage III hips. Thirteen hips (13 patients) (10.5%) failed treatment and underwent total hip arthroplasty. The location and size of the necrotic lesion and the patient’s age influenced long-term survival of the graft. Postoperative complications included clawing of the big toe in 17 patients, partial peroneal nerve palsy in two, and superficial infection in two. Subtrochanteric fracture occurred in two hips. The data suggest free vascularized fibular grafting was successful in maintaining joint function and delaying the need for joint replacement procedure. Graft survival was associated with the patient’s age and size and location of the lesion but not etiology and stages of the disease. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:18330663

  10. Percutaneous Endoluminal Stent-Graft Repair of an Old Traumatic Femoral Arteriovenous Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Uflacker, Renan; Elliott, Bruce M.

    1996-03-15

    A stent-graft was custom made to close a high-flow traumatic arteriovenous fistula of the left superficial femoral artery, present for 30 years, in a 60-year-old man with congestive heart failure and ischemic ulceration in the left foot. A balloon expandable Palmaz stent (P394; 2.5 mm x 3.9 cm) was covered with a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft and was inserted percutaneously through an 11 Fr vascular sheath. Follow-up Doppler ultrasound at 6 months demonstrated occlusion of the arteriovenous fistula, patency of the artery, and luminal integrity of the artery and vein.

  11. Femoral Aperture Fixation Improves Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Function When Added to Cortical Suspensory Fixation

    PubMed Central

    Porter, Mark D.; Shadbolt, Bruce

    2016-01-01

    Background: Recommendations for bone tunnel placement during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction have become more precise. However, these recommendations differ neither with the choice of graft nor with the method of fixation used. The influence of the method of femoral fixation used on the biomechanical function of a soft tissue ACL graft remains unknown. Hypothesis: Our null hypothesis was that adding femoral aperture fixation to femoral cortical fixation, using the same bone tunnels, will not alter the control of anterior translation (AT) and internal rotation (IR) during ACL reconstruction using a hamstring graft. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: A total of 22 patients with an acute isolated ACL rupture underwent reconstruction using a single-bundle autologous hamstring graft. Computer navigation was used intraoperatively to plot the AT and IR during the pivot-shift test before reconstruction, after ACL reconstruction using cortical suspensory fixation, and after the addition of femoral aperture fixation. Statistical analysis (analysis of variance) was used to compare the AT and IR during the pivot shift at each stage in the procedure. Results: Before ACL reconstruction, the mean (±SD) AT was 14.2 ± 7.3 mm and mean IR was 17.2° ± 5.5°. After reconstruction using femoral cortical suspension, these figures were significantly reduced to 6.2 ± 3.5 mm and 12.5° ± 3.20°, respectively (P < .001). The addition of the aperture fixation was associated with a further significant reduction to 4.6 ± 3.2 mm and 10.4° ± 2.7°, respectively (P < .001). Conclusion: The addition of femoral aperture fixation to suspensory fixation results in a significant reduction in both the AT and IR that occurs during the pivot-shift assessment immediately after ACL reconstruction using autologous hamstring graft. Clinical Relevance: The most precise positioning of bone tunnels during soft tissue ACL reconstruction needs to take into consideration

  12. Elasticity assessment of electrospun nanofibrous vascular grafts: a comparison with femoral ovine arteries.

    PubMed

    Bagnasco, D Suarez; Ballarin, F Montini; Cymberknop, L J; Balay, G; Negreira, C; Abraham, G A; Armentano, R L

    2014-12-01

    Development of successful small-diameter vascular grafts constitutes a real challenge to biomaterial engineering. In most cases these grafts fail in-vivo due to the presence of a mechanical mismatch between the native vessel and the vascular graft. Biomechanical characterization of real native vessels provides significant information for synthetic graft development. Electrospun nanofibrous vascular grafts emerge as a potential tailor made solution to this problem. PLLA-electrospun nanofibrous tubular structures were prepared and selected as model bioresorbable grafts. An experimental setup, using gold standard and high resolution ultrasound techniques, was adapted to characterize in vitro the poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) electrospun structures. The grafts were subjected to near physiologic pulsated pressure conditions, following the pressure-diameter loop approach and the criteria stated in the international standard for cardiovascular implants-tubular vascular prostheses. Additionally, ovine femoral arteries were subjected to a similar evaluation. Measurements of pressure and diameter variations allowed the estimation of dynamical compliance (%C, 10(-2) mmHg) and the pressure-strain elastic modulus (E(Pε), 10(6) dyn cm(-2)) of the abovementioned vessels (grafts and arteries). Nanofibrous PLLA showed a decrease in %C (1.38±0.21, 0.93±0.13 and 0.76±0.15) concomitant to an increase in EPε (10.57±0.97, 14.31±1.47 and 17.63±2.61) corresponding to pressure ranges of 50 to 90 mmHg, 80 to 120 mmHg and 100 to 150 mmHg, respectively. Furthermore, femoral arteries exhibited a decrease in %C (8.52±1.15 and 0.79±0.20) and an increase in E(Pε) (1.66±0.30 and 15.76±4.78) corresponding to pressure ranges of 50-90 mmHg (elastin zone) and 100-130 mmHg (collagen zone). Arterial mechanics framework, extensively applied in our previous works, was successfully used to characterize PLLA vascular grafts in vitro, although its application can be directly extended to in vivo

  13. Ten Year Experience with Prosthetic Graft Infections Involving the Femoral Artery

    PubMed Central

    Siracuse, Jeffrey J; Nandivada, Prathima; Giles, Kristina A; Hamdan, Allen D; Wyers, Mark C; Chaikof, Elliot L; Pomposelli, Frank B; Schermerhorn, Marc L

    2013-01-01

    Background Prosthetic graft infection is a major complication of peripheral vascular surgery. We investigated our institution’s experience over ten years with bypass grafts involving the femoral artery to determine the incidence and risk factors for prosthetic graft infection. Methods A retrospective cohort single institution review of prosthetic bypass grafts involving the femoral artery from 2001–2010 evaluated patient demographics, body mass index, comorbidities, indications, location of bypass, type of prosthetic material, case urgency, previous ipsilateral bypass or percutaneous interventions; and evaluated the incidence of graft infections, amputations, and mortality. Results There were 496 prosthetic grafts identified with a graft infection rate of 3.8% (n=19) at a mean follow-up of 27 months. Multivariable analysis shows that redo bypass (HR 5.8, 95% CI 2.2–15.0), active infection at time of bypass (HR 5.2, 95% CI 1.9–14.2), female gender (HR 4.5, 95% CI 1.6–12.7), and diabetes mellitus (HR 4.6, 95% CI 1.5–14.3) were significant predictors of graft infection. Graft infection was predictive of major lower extremity amputation (HR 9.8, 95% CI 3.5–27.1) as was preoperative tissue loss (HR 4.7, 95% CI 1.8–11.9). Graft infection did not predict long term mortality, however chronic renal insufficiency (HR 2.3, 95% CI 1.6–3.4), tissue loss (HR 1.4, 95% CI 1.0–1.9), and active infection (HR 2.3, 95% CI 1.6–3.4) did. Infected grafts were removed 79% of the time. Staphylococcus epidermidis (37%) and Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (26%) were the most common pathogens isolated. Conclusions Redo-bypass, female gender, diabetes, and active infection at time of bypass are associated with a higher risk for prosthetic graft infection and major extremity amputation, but do not confer an increased risk of mortality. Autologous vein for lower extremity bypass and endovascular interventions should be considered when feasible in high

  14. Vascularized Fibular Grafting for Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head With Unusual Indications

    PubMed Central

    Urbaniak, James R.

    2008-01-01

    We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 154 patients of various subgroups treated with the free vascularized fibular graft procedure for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), evaluating pre- and postoperative Harris hip scores, hip range of motion, radiographs, and number of conversions to total hip arthroplasty (THA). Patients were followed a minimum of 1 year (mean, 6.8 years, range, 1 to 19 years). Athletes and patients with pyarthrosis-related osteonecrosis had high Harris hip scores at final review with scores of 94 and 97, respectively. Patients with ONFH after a slipped capital femoral epiphysis or following pregnancy had a low conversion rate to THA at 6% and 8%, respectively. Twenty-five percent of patients with transplant-related osteonecrosis of the femoral head were converted to THA at an average of 2.7 years. However, with select subsets of patients (athletes, pregnancy, organ transplant, femoral neck non-union, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, infection) the FVFG can result in a high rate of success. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:18357495

  15. Successful Antibiotic Treatment of Severe Staphylococcal Infection of a Long Stent Graft in the Superficial Femoral Artery with Graft Preservation in the Long Term

    SciTech Connect

    Treitl, Marcus; Rademacher, Antje; Becker-Lienau, Johanna; Reiser, Maximilian F.; Hoffmann, Ulrich; Czihal, Michael

    2011-06-15

    Introduction: Bacterial infection of endovascular stent grafts is a serious condition, regularly leading to graft replacement by open bypass surgery.Case ReportWe describe the case of a staphylococcal infection of a 150-mm covered stent graft (Gore Viabahn), placed in the superficial femoral artery. Stent graft infection was successfully treated by oral administration of penicillinase-resistant flucloxacillin and the lipopeptide daptomycin with complete graft preservation, not requiring surgical treatment. During 1-year follow-up, the graft infection did not reappear. However, the patient developed restenosis at the proximal margin of the stent with recurrence of mild claudication, so far treated conservatively. Conclusion: With the increased use of covered stent grafts in the peripheral vasculature, the frequency of graft infection will increase. We demonstrate that with newly developed antibiotics, it is possible to treat this severe complication conservatively, with complete graft preservation and without the need for bypass surgery in selected cases.

  16. A current review of non-vascularized bone grafting in osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

    PubMed

    Pierce, Todd P; Elmallah, Randa K; Jauregui, Julio J; Poola, Shiva; Mont, Michael A; Delanois, Ronald E

    2015-09-01

    Over the past three decades, non-vascularized bone grafts have been demonstrated to be viable treatments for pre- and early post-collapse osteonecrosis of the femoral head; however, there are limited reviews on this topic. Therefore, the purposes of this review are to (1) provide a summary of the different surgical techniques and their respective clinical outcomes and (2) evaluate new adjunct therapies. Originally, non-vascularized bone grafting was performed using the Phemister technique with varying results. More recently, newer techniques such as the lightbulb and trapdoor are used to place non-vascularized bone grafts with excellent results. The addition of various biological agents has demonstrated positive results; however, further studies are needed to confirm the best appropriate indications and to elucidate long-term results.

  17. Revision hip arthroplasty as a treatment of Vancouver B3 periprosthetic femoral fractures without bone grafting

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jia-Qi; Gao, You-Shui; Mei, Jiong; Rao, Zhi-Tao; Wang, Shu-Qing

    2013-01-01

    Background: It is conventionally considered that bone grafting is mandatory for Vancouver B3 periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFF) although few clinical studies have challenged the concept previously. The aim of the current study was to investigate the radiographic and functional results of Vancouver B3 PFF treated by revision total hip or hemiarthroplasty (HA) in combination with appropriate internal fixation without bone grafting. Materials and Methods: 12 patients with Vancouver B3 PFF were treated by revision THA/HA without bone grafting between March 2004 and May 2008. There were nine females and three males, with an average age of 76 years. PFFs were following primary THA/HA in nine patients and following revision THA/HA in three. Postoperative followup was 5.5 years on average (range, 3.5-6.5 years). At the final followup, radiographic results were evaluated with Beals and Tower's criteria and functional outcomes were evaluated using the Merle d’Aubigné scoring system. Results: All fractures healed within an average of 20 weeks (range, 12-28 weeks). There was no significant deformity and shortening of the affected limb and the implant was stable. The average Merle d’Aubigné score was 15.8. Walking ability was regained in 10 patients without additional assistance, while 2 patients had to use crutches. There were 2 patients with numbness of lateral thigh, possibly due to injury to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. There were no implant failures, dislocation and refractures. Conclusions: Revision THA/HA in combination with appropriate internal fixation without bone grafting is a good option for treatment of Vancouver B3 periprosthetic femoral fractures in the elderly. PMID:24133303

  18. Prosthetic Grafting and Arteriovenous Fistula for the Surgical Management of a Common Femoral Vein Injury Using a Staged Approach

    PubMed Central

    Son, Kuk Hui; Lee, So Young; Kang, Jin Mo; Choi, Chang Hu; Park, Kook Yang; Park, Chul Hyun

    2017-01-01

    A 27-year-old female patient was referred due to an edematous left lower extremity. Both saphenous veins had been ablated with an endovenous laser procedure used to treat varicose veins. Venography revealed that the left common femoral vein had been divided and that thrombosis was present at the site of division. No veins were available around the thighs. The patient was treated using a staged procedure. During the first stage, a ringed polytetrafluoroethylene graft was used to repair the common femoral vein, and an arteriovenous fistula was constructed from the femoral artery to the graft using a short segment of cephalic vein to increase graft patency. The edema was relieved postoperatively and the graft was patent. During the second stage, which was performed 6 months later, the fistula was occluded by coil embolization. The staged procedure described herein provides an alternative for venous reconstruction when autologous vein is unavailable. PMID:28382276

  19. Prosthetic Grafting and Arteriovenous Fistula for the Surgical Management of a Common Femoral Vein Injury Using a Staged Approach.

    PubMed

    Son, Kuk Hui; Lee, So Young; Kang, Jin Mo; Choi, Chang Hu; Park, Kook Yang; Park, Chul Hyun

    2017-04-01

    A 27-year-old female patient was referred due to an edematous left lower extremity. Both saphenous veins had been ablated with an endovenous laser procedure used to treat varicose veins. Venography revealed that the left common femoral vein had been divided and that thrombosis was present at the site of division. No veins were available around the thighs. The patient was treated using a staged procedure. During the first stage, a ringed polytetrafluoroethylene graft was used to repair the common femoral vein, and an arteriovenous fistula was constructed from the femoral artery to the graft using a short segment of cephalic vein to increase graft patency. The edema was relieved postoperatively and the graft was patent. During the second stage, which was performed 6 months later, the fistula was occluded by coil embolization. The staged procedure described herein provides an alternative for venous reconstruction when autologous vein is unavailable.

  20. Nonvascularized fibular grafting in nonunion of femoral neck fracture: A systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Tripathy, Sujit Kumar; Sen, Ramesh Kumar; Goyal, Tarun

    2016-01-01

    Nonunion of femoral neck fractures following primary fixation and neglected femoral neck fracture in young adults is a challenging task. Every effort should be directed toward hip joint salvage in these patients. Among different available options of hip salvage, nonvascularized fibular graft (NVFG) osteosynthesis is simple, easy to perform, and a successful technique. In this review, the available literature on NVFG in neglected and nonunion femoral neck fractures has been analyzed. After review of 15 articles on NVFG, the average nonunion rate was estimated to be 7.86% (range 0–31%). Six articles that evaluated the preoperative and postoperative osteonecrosis reported improvement in 50% patients. The clinical and/or functional outcome was good to excellent in 56–96% patients following fibular osteosynthesis. Few complications such as coxa vara deformity, limb shortening, and intraarticular penetration of the graft or hardware have been reported. However, there are minimal donor site morbidities such as mild ankle pain, transient loss of toe flexors and extensors and transient lateral popliteal nerve palsy. PMID:27512214

  1. Treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head with vascularized bone grafting.

    PubMed

    Millikan, Patrick D; Karas, Vasili; Wellman, Samuel S

    2015-09-01

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a challenging diagnosis for the patient and treating surgeon. Though its cause is poorly understood, several methods of surgical treatment exist and are performed with variable success. Vascularized bone grafting is one such treatment that attempts to restore viable bone, structural support, and blood supply to the avascular portion of the femoral head. This review summarizes the various approaches to this technique that have been proposed and put into practice. The cost effectiveness of these procedures, both in time and resources, has been evaluated and found to be favorable. The use of revascularization procedures, along with the introduction of other potentiating factors, may signal an exciting future for this debilitating disease process.

  2. Harvest of cortico-cancellous intramedullary femoral bone graft using the Reamer-Irrigator-Aspirator (RIA).

    PubMed

    Masquelet, A-C; Benko, P E; Mathevon, H; Hannouche, D; Obert, L

    2012-04-01

    The "Reamer-Irrigator-Aspirator" (RIA) is a device that provides continuous irrigation and aspiration during intramedullary reaming of long bones. The RIA system is first used to collect the reaming material from medullary cavities, a thick paste of finely morselized osseous particles containing significantly elevated levels of stem cells and growth factors as reported by quantitative analyses. The volume of bone graft material available from an adult femur corresponds to the amount of cancellous bone graft obtained from both the anterior and posterior iliac crests. The assembly and technicalities of the RIA system require a training period to prevent any femoral fracture, which appears to be the major RIA-related complication. The elective indications for RIA bone grafting are filling of bone defects in the epiphyseal and metaphyseal regions. Diaphyseal defects may also be managed using the RIA system provided the graft is placed in a constrained system (induced membrane) to prevent dispersion of the graft into the surrounding soft tissues and is aerated with a porous material to promote its revascularization. Other RIA indications include debriding intramedullary infections and reaming for intramedullary nailing of long bone fractures to reduce the risk of fat embolization.

  3. Wear resistance of the biocompatible phospholipid polymer-grafted highly cross-linked polyethylene liner against larger femoral head.

    PubMed

    Moro, Toru; Takatori, Yoshio; Kyomoto, Masayuki; Ishihara, Kazuhiko; Kawaguchi, Hiroshi; Hashimoto, Masami; Tanaka, Takeyuki; Oshima, Hirofumi; Tanaka, Sakae

    2015-07-01

    The use of larger femoral heads to prevent the dislocation of artificial hip joints has recently become more common. However, concerns about the subsequent use of thinner polyethylene liners and their effects on wear rate have arisen. Previously, we prepared and evaluated the biological and mechanical effects of a novel highly cross-linked polyethylene (CLPE) liner with a nanometer-scaled graft layer of poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC). Our findings showed that the PMPC-grafted particles were biologically inert and caused no subsequent bone resorptive responses and that the PMPC-grafting markedly decreased wear in a hip joint simulator. However, the metal or ceramic femoral heads used in this previous study had a diameter of 26 mm. Here, we investigated the wear-resistance of the PMPC-grafted CLPE liner with a 40-mm femoral head during 10 × 10(6) cycles of loading in the hip joint simulator. The results provide preliminary evidence that the grafting markedly decreased gravimetric wear rate and the volume of wear particles, even when coupled with larger femoral heads. Thus, we believe the PMPC-grafting will prolong artificial hip joint longevity both by preventing aseptic loosening and by improving the stability of articular surface.

  4. [Intraluminal Aspect of Femoro-femoral Cross-over Bypass Graft Mimics Bladder Stone].

    PubMed

    Sonak, I; Wiedemann, A; Heppner, H J

    2016-04-01

    Iatrogenic bladder perforation with delayed diagnosis and treatment in the context of the placement of a vascular prosthesis, e.g. a femoro-femoral cross-over bypass graft, is extremely rare. This is emphasised by the present publication, which is the second published case study worldwide. To identify such a situation is very important because there is a risk of inappropriate treatment if such a bypass complication remains undetected, and the potential complications of an improperly intended "treatment of a bladder stone" may be deleterious or even lethal. Therefore, the involved disciplines should be aware of this possibility in order to initiate relevant diagnostic measures, especially diagnostic cystoscopy, without any delay if symptoms such as voiding disorders or alguria coincide with vascular bypass grafting.

  5. Bilateral impacted femoral neck fracture in a renal disease patient.

    PubMed

    Devkota, Pramod; Ahmad, Shiraz

    2013-09-01

    Spontaneous bilateral femoral neck facture in a renal disease patient is not common. We report a case of 47-year-old female patient with chronic renal failure and on regular hemodialysis for the past 5 years who sustained bilateral impacted femoral neck fracture without history of trauma and injury and refused any surgical intervention. The patient was mobilised on wheel chair one year after the fractures. The cause of the fracture and the literature review of the bilateral femoral neck fracture in renal disease are discussed.

  6. Stent-Graft Placement for Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm in a Patient with Idiopathic Multiple Arterial Aneurysmal Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Koo, Bon Kwon; Choi, Donghoon; Kwon, Kihwan; Jang, Yangsoo; Shim, Won-Heum; Cho, Seung-Yun; Lee, Do Yun

    2002-12-15

    A 34-year-old man presenting with a left inguinal mass was diagnosed as having idiopathic multiple aneurysmal disease and pseudoaneurysm of a left superficial femoral artery. A stent-graft was successfully deployed percutaneously at the left superficial femoral artery pseudoaneurysm. Less invasive treatment should be used to avoid vascular complications in patients with idiopathic multiple aneurysmal disease, especially in those who have a progressive course or a history of prior complications after surgical repair.

  7. Relative risk of aortic and femoral insertion of intraaortic balloon pump after coronary artery bypass grafting procedures.

    PubMed

    Pinkard, J; Utley, J R; Leyland, S A; Morgan, M; Johnson, H

    1993-04-01

    We compared the preoperative, operative, and postoperative characteristics of patients who required balloon pumps after coronary artery bypass graft procedures to determine the relative risks of femoral and aortic insertion. The balloon pump was inserted into the ascending aorta when femoral insertion was not possible because of occlusive disease or small femoral arteries. Femoral insertion was performed in 81 patients and aortic insertion in 42 patients. Patients with aortic insertion were more likely to be small and female (p < 0.05) and were more likely to have carotid bruits and a history of strokes or transient ischemic attacks (p < 0.05). Death was more common in the patients with aortic insertion (18/42, 42.9%) than in those with femoral insertion (19/81, 23.4%) (p < 0.05), as calculated with single regression analysis. Route of insertion was not a predictor of operative death, according to multiple regression analysis. Leg complications were more common in patients with femoral artery insertion (23/81, 28.4%) than in those with aortic insertion (0/42, 0.0%) (p < 0.05). No sternal complications occurred in either group. New neurologic abnormalities were not significantly different between the patients with aortic and femoral insertion. Aortic insertion is a safe alternative to femoral insertion of intraaortic balloon pumps and is associated with fewer leg complications in small or diseased iliac and femoral arteries. The greater mortality rate with aortic insertion is related to greater comorbidity rate in these patients.

  8. Vascularized bone grafting fixed by biodegradable magnesium screw for treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Dewei; Huang, Shibo; Lu, Faqiang; Wang, Benjie; Yang, Lei; Qin, Ling; Yang, Ke; Li, Yangde; Li, Weirong; Wang, Wei; Tian, Simiao; Zhang, Xiuzhi; Gao, Wenbin; Wang, Zongpu; Zhang, Yu; Xie, Xinhui; Wang, Jiali; Li, Junlei

    2016-03-01

    Hip-preserving surgery with vascularized bone graft implantation has been widely practiced in treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). However, the current approach presents a drawback, in which the implanted bone graft without screw fixation may slip or exhibit a certain degree of displacement postoperatively. This study was designed to investigate the application potential of biodegradable magnesium (Mg) screws for the fixation of vascularized bone graft in ONFH patients. Forty-eight patients were randomly divided into two groups: the Mg screw group (vascularized bone grafting fixed by Mg screws) and the control group (vascularized bone grafting without fixation). During 12 month follow-up period after surgery, treatment outcomes in patients were assessed by multiple imaging techniques including x-ray and computed tomography (CT) scanning as well as functional recovery Harris hip score (HHS). The temporal changes in serum levels of Mg, Ca, and P as well as in vivo degradation rate of Mg screws were determined. The absence of potential adverse effects induced by degradation products from Mg screws on surrounding bone tissue was validated via CT imaging analysis. HHS was significantly improved in the Mg screw group when compared to the control group. X-ray imaging analysis showed that the screw shape did not show significant alteration due to the diameter of Mg screws measured with approximate 25% reduction within 12 months post-surgically. The postoperative serum levels of Ca, Mg, and P, which are relevant for liver and kidney function, were all within normal physiological range in all patients of both groups. The use of biodegradable Mg screws may provide a promising bone graft-screw fixation route in treating ONFH and present considerable potential for orthopedic applications.

  9. An impedance matching of femoral-popliteal arterial grafts: a theoretical study.

    PubMed

    Hirayama, H; Nishimura, T; Fukuyama, Y

    1997-05-01

    We have proposed a mathematical method to investigate the matching conditions for an arterial graft in the femoral-popliteal region from a mechanical stand-point. Pulsatory blood flow, arterial wall motions, and conservation law are expressed by linear dynamical equations based on strict mechanical and constitutional considerations. To express the physiological blood flow in an actual arterial system, the tethering effects from the surrounding tissue and wall tensions were incorporated. The physiological parameters of arterial wall and tethering were utilized from reported experimental data. By complex analysis, mathematical expressions for the local impedance and reflection coefficient were obtained. They include not only blood properties such as viscosity and density, but also arterial properties including elastic modulus, radius, Poisson ratio, wall thickness, wall tension, frequency, and tethering effects from surrounding tissue. A matching condition was defined for minimizing the local impedance and reflection coefficient. The biophysical background was to reduce any mechanical mismatches, thus minimizing the disturbance of the flow velocity profile and shear stress distribution within the artery. Impedance matching in turn diminishes the negative factors for graft substitution represented by intimal hyperplasia and thrombosis. The calculated impedance and reflection coefficient inversed parabolically to functions of the resistance of the host artery, and there was one host arterial resistance that minimized the impedance and reflection coefficient. The present analysis revealed that for matching host artery with an elevated resistance, the dynamic elastic modulus of the wall of the graft that minimizes the impedance and reflection coefficient was increased. This indicates that for a host artery with a high resistance, an impedance matched stiff wall graft is preferable. For a large radius and a compliant host artery on the other hand, a large compliant graft

  10. Ovine femoral artery bypass grafting using saphenous vein: a new model.

    PubMed

    El-Kurdi, Mohammed S; Soletti, Lorenzo; Nieponice, Alejandro; Abuin, Gustavo; Gross, Christina; Rousselle, Serge; Greisler, Howard; McGrath, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) are frequently used for multi-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting and peripheral arterial bypasses; however, the estimated 40% failure rate within the first 5 y due to intimal hyperplasia (IH) and the subsequent failure rate of 2%-4% per year pose a significant clinical problem. Here, we report a surgical model in sheep intended to study IH development in SVGs, which can also be used for the evaluation of potential alternative treatments. Autologous bilateral SVGs were implanted as femoral artery interposition grafts using end-to-side anastomoses in adult sheep (n = 23), which were survived for 30 (n = 6), 90 (n = 7), 180 (n = 7), or 365 (n = 3) days. Post-implant, mid-term, and pretermination angiograms were quantified, and harvested SVGs were evaluated using quantitative histomorphometry. We describe a peripheral arterial surgical technique that models the progression of SVG pathology. Angiographic analysis showed a progressive dilation of SVGs leading to worsening diametrical matching to the target artery and reduced blood flow; and histomorphometry data showed an increase in IH over time. Multivariable regression analysis suggested that statistically significant (P < 0.05) time-dependent relationships exist between SVG dilation and both reduction in blood flow and IH development. Bilateral SVGs implanted onto the femoral arteries of sheep produced, controlled and consistent angiographic and histomorphometric results for which direct correlations could be made. This preclinical investigation model can be used as a robust tool to evaluate therapies intended for cardiovascular pathologies such as occlusive IH in SVGs. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Sympathetic ganglion transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery improves femoral blood flow and exercise tolerance.

    PubMed

    Cipriano, Gerson; Neder, J Alberto; Umpierre, Daniel; Arena, Ross; Vieira, Paulo J C; Chiappa, Adriana M Güntzel; Ribeiro, Jorge P; Chiappa, Gaspar R

    2014-09-15

    We tested the hypothesis that transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) over the stellate ganglion region would reduce sympathetic overstimulation and improve femoral blood flow (FBF) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Thirty-eight patients (20 men, 24 New York Heart Association class III-IV) were randomized to 5-day postoperative TENS (n = 20; 4 times/day; 30 min/session) or sham TENS (n = 18) applied to the posterior cervical region (C7-T4). Sympathetic nervous system was stimulated by the cold pressor test, with FBF being measured by ultrasound Doppler. Femoral vascular conductance (FVC) was calculated as FBF/mean arterial pressure (MAP). Six-min walking distance established patients' functional capacity. Before and after the intervention periods, pain scores, opiate requirements, and circulating β-endorphin levels were determined. As expected, preoperative MAP increased and FBF and FVC decreased during the cold pressor test. Sham TENS had no significant effect on these variables (P > 0.05). In contrast, MAP decreased in the TENS group (125 ± 12 vs. 112 ± 10 mmHg). This finding, in association with a consistent increase in FBF (95 ± 5 vs. 145 ± 14 ml/min), led to significant improvements in FVC (P < 0.01). Moreover, 6-min walking distance improved only with TENS (postsurgery-presurgery = 35 ± 12 vs. 6 ± 10 m; P < 0.01). TENS was associated with lesser postoperative pain and opiate requirements but greater circulating β-endorphin levels (P < 0.05). In conclusion, stellate ganglion TENS after coronary artery bypass graft surgery positively impacted on limb blood flow during a sympathetic stimulation maneuver, a beneficial effect associated with improved clinical and functional outcomes.

  12. Femoral Graft-Tunnel Angles in Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Analysis with 3-Dimensional Models and Cadaveric Experiments

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Sung-Jae; Chun, Yong-Min; Moon, Hong-Kyo; Jang, Jae-Won

    2013-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare four graft-tunnel angles (GTA), the femoral GTA formed by three different femoral tunneling techniques (the outside-in, a modified inside-out technique in the posterior sag position with knee hyperflexion, and the conventional inside-out technique) and the tibia GTA in 3-dimensional (3D) knee flexion models, as well as to examine the influence of femoral tunneling techniques on the contact pressure between the intra-articular aperture of the femoral tunnel and the graft. Materials and Methods Twelve cadaveric knees were tested. Computed tomography scans were performed at different knee flexion angles (0°, 45°, 90°, and 120°). Femoral and tibial GTAs were measured at different knee flexion angles on the 3D knee models. Using pressure sensitive films, stress on the graft of the angulation of the femoral tunnel aperture was measured in posterior cruciate ligament reconstructed cadaveric knees. Results Between 45° and 120° of knee flexion, there were no significant differences between the outside-in and modified inside-out techniques. However, the femoral GTA for the conventional inside-out technique was significantly less than that for the other two techniques (p<0.001). In cadaveric experiments using pressure-sensitive film, the maximum contact pressure for the modified inside-out and outside-in technique was significantly lower than that for the conventional inside-out technique (p=0.024 and p=0.017). Conclusion The conventional inside-out technique results in a significantly lesser GTA and higher stress at the intra-articular aperture of the femoral tunnel than the outside-in technique. However, the results for the modified inside-out technique are similar to those for the outside-in technique. PMID:23709438

  13. Coaxial electrospinning of P(LLA-CL)/heparin biodegradable polymer nanofibers: potential vascular graft for substitution of femoral artery.

    PubMed

    Zhai, Wei; Qiu, Li-Jun; Mo, Xiu-Mei; Wang, Sheng; Xu, Yun-Fei; Peng, Bo; Liu, Min; Huang, Jun-Hua; Wang, Guang-Chun; Zheng, Jun-Hua

    2013-06-07

    Electrospinning is one of the most simple and effective methods to prepare polymer fibers with the diameters ranging from nanometer to several micrometers. Poly(L-lactide)-co-poly (ɛ-caprolactone) (P(LLA-CL)) fibers and P(LLA-CL)/heparin coaxial composite fibers herein were successfully prepared by single electrospinning and coaxial electrospinning, respectively. The prepared endothelialized P(LLA-CL) and P(LLA-CL)/heparin vascular grafts were used in the Beagle dogs experiment to evaluate the feasibility of thus made different scaffolds for substitution of dog femoral artery in early period, medium term, and long term, meanwhile the pure P(LLA-CL) vascular graft was used as the control group during all the experiments. The animal model was established by using the graft materials to anastomose both femoral arteries of dogs. The vascular grafts patency rates (i.e., the unobstructed capacity of blood vessel) were detected by color Doppler flow imaging technology and digital subtraction angiography. To observe the histological morphology at different periods, the vascular grafts were removed after 7, 14, and 30 days, and the corresponding histological changes were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The experimental results show that in the early period, the patency rates of pure P(LLA-CL) graft, endothelial P(LLA-CL) graft, and P(LLA-CL)/heparin graft were 75%, 75%, and 100%, respectively; in the medium term, the patency rates of pure P(LLA-CL) graft and endothelial P(LLA-CL) graft were 25%, whereas that of P(LLA-CL)/heparin graft was 50%; the patency rates of pure P(LLA-CL) graft and endothelial P(LLA-CL) graft were down to 0%, whereas the patency rate of P(LLA-CL)/heparin graft was 25% in the long term. This preliminary study has demonstrated that P(LLA-CL)/heparin coaxial composite fiber maybe a reliable artificial graft for the replacement of femoral artery. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2013.

  14. Treatment of the femoral shaft nonunion with double plate fixation and bone grafting: A case series of 14 patients.

    PubMed

    Maimaitiyiming, Asihaerjiang; Amat, Abdusami; Rehei, Aili; Tusongjiang, Mamatkeremula; Li, Cao

    2015-01-01

    The management of femoral shaft nonunion still remains a challenge in orthopaedic surgery. It represents a serious postoperative problem for the patient, associated with plate breakage and loosening, bone defect, shortening deformity and infection. A double plate fixation combined with bone grafting may become a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of patients with femoral shaft nonunion. In this study, our goal was to evaluate the clinical outcome of a novel approach for 14 consecutive patients with femoral shaft nonunion using double plate fixation with bone grafting. Retrospective data from June 2010 to August 2012 were obtained from records for 14 consecutive femoral shaft aseptic nonunion patients treated with double plate fixation combined with bone grafting. Nine patients were men and five patients were woman and average age of the patients was 26 years (range from 22 to 32 years). The mean time since injury was 26.2 months. The nonunion had resulted from repeated internal fixation failure (including plate or intramedullary nail fixation) in nine cases and primary internal fixation in five cases. All the 14 patients were followed up for an average of 14.8 (10-25) months. All cases achieved bony union without wound infection or fixation failure and the mean time to union was 5.2 months (range 4-7 months). Double plate fixation and bone grafting are a promising method for femoral shaft nonunion. In addition, this strategy is useful for such a nonunion caused by a repeated plate or intramedullary nail fixation failure with bone defect due to its strong stability with three-dimensional fixation and fully bone graft availability. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Vascularized Medial Femoral Condyle Bone Graft for Resistant Nonunion of the Distal Radius.

    PubMed

    Henry, Mark

    2017-03-01

    Nonunion involving the metaphyseal region of the distal radius is exceedingly rare, usually involving co-morbidity. Patients that have failed multiple prior conventional surgical interventions represent an even more difficult subset to treat; this investigation examined the utility of a specially designed free vascularized medial femoral condyle flap consisting of a central structural block graft with an extended corticoperiosteal sleeve to wrap around the junctions. Six patients (5 males, 1 female) with a mean age of 52 years had failed to achieve union involving the distal radius metaphysis after a mean of 3.7 prior surgeries occurring over a mean period of 24 months. Comorbidities included smoking, alcoholism, chronic nutritional deficiency, and prior osteomyelitis. The unique descending genicular artery medial femoral condyle flap designed to address these patients consisted of a central structural block graft in continuity with an extended corticoperiosteal sleeve. The structural block filled the bone defect, and the corticoperiosteal sleeve wrapped around the bone junctions and the neighboring bone margins. The mean flap size was 5.3 (+/- 1.3) cm long by 4.5 (+/- 0.9) cm wide. Pre-operative to post-operative DASH scores were compared using the paired student' s t-test, with p < 0.05. All flaps achieved union at a mean of 6.8 (+/- 2.1) weeks following surgery, using the criteria of bridging trabeculae on all 3 radiographs: coronal, sagittal, and oblique. The mean pre-operative DASH score of 63 (+/- 10) was statistically significantly different compared to the mean post-operative DASH score of 18 (+/- 8). With few alternative solutions able to address this unique and difficult problem, the structural block of vascularized bone with the extended corticoperiosteal sleeve proved able to achieve a union that had failed multiple previous attempts and able to resist reactivation of infection, in a challenging group of patients with comorbidities.

  16. Ruptured Mycotic Common Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm: Fatal Pulmonary Embolism after Emergency Stent-Grafting in a Drug Abuser

    PubMed Central

    Kalogirou, Thomas E.; Giagtzidis, Ioakeim T.; Papazoglou, Konstantinos O.

    2014-01-01

    The rupture of a mycotic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm in an intravenous drug abuser is a limb- and life-threatening condition that necessitates emergency intervention. Emergency stent-grafting appears to be a viable, minimally invasive alternative, or a bridge, to subsequent open surgery. Caution is required in cases of suspected concomitant deep vein thrombosis in order to minimize the possibility of massive pulmonary embolism during stent-grafting, perhaps by omitting stent-graft postdilation or by inserting an inferior vena cava filter first. We describe the emergency endovascular management, in a 60-year-old male intravenous drug abuser, of a ruptured mycotic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm, which was complicated by a fatal pulmonary embolism. PMID:25593530

  17. Modified T-Graft for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in a Patient with Small-Caliber Femoral Arteries.

    PubMed

    Calderon, Daniel; El-Banayosy, Aly; Koerner, Michael M; Reed, Amy B; Aziz, Faisal

    2015-12-01

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is generally used as a last resort to provide cardiopulmonary support in patients whose advanced cardiac or respiratory failure does not respond to less invasive treatments. Lower-limb ischemia secondary to the large diameter of the arterial cannula is one of ECMO's major limitations: in patients who have small-caliber arteries, the cannulas can reduce native blood flow. The creation of a T-graft-a well-described technique to avoid limb ischemia-enables flow into the ECMO cannula without jeopardizing blood flow to the limb. However, leaving the graft exposed through an open groin wound can result in dislodgment, and it increases the risk of infection. We describe our modification of a conventional T-graft in an 18-year-old woman who had systolic heart failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and small-caliber femoral vessels. We tunneled a polytetrafluoroethylene graft inside a Dacron graft, then ran the combined graft through a subcutaneous tunnel similar to that created for a peripheral bypass. Thus, the graft was protected from environmental exposure and the risk of infection. Our technique seems safer and more secure than the original T-graft technique, and we recommend its consideration during ECMO cannulation.

  18. Plate augmentation and autologous bone grafting after intramedullary nailing for challenging femoral bone defects: a technical note.

    PubMed

    Yang, Kyu-Hyun; Won, Yougun; Kim, Sang Bum; Oh, Byung-Hak; Park, Young Chang; Jeong, Sang Jin

    2016-10-01

    The treatment of a large segmental defect of over 6 cm in a long bone is a challenging procedure. Treatment options include cancellous bone graft (e.g., the Masquelet technique), vascularized fibular graft (VFG), and internal bone transport (IBT) with an external fixator. These methods may be performed with intramedullary (IM) nailing or plate fixation to enhance stability or to lessen the time of external fixation. Each method has its own advantages and limitations. This study aimed to describe the advantages of additional plate augmentation and autologous bone grafting after IM nail implantation. Three patients with large segmental femoral bone defects were treated with IM nail implantation; then, one- or two-stage autologous iliac bone grafting with additional plate augmentation was performed. All patients achieved bony union without metal failure. We describe a technique involving additional plate augmentation and autologous iliac bone grafting for treating large femoral defects after restoring the length of the femur using an IM nail implantation and an external fixator.

  19. Modified dynamic hip screw loaded with autologous bone graft for treating Pauwels type-3 vertical femoral neck fractures.

    PubMed

    Luo, Deqing; Zou, Weitao; He, Yijiao; Xian, Hang; Wang, Lei; Shen, Jiazuo; Lian, Kejian; Lin, Dasheng

    2017-07-01

    Management of Pauwels type-3 vertical femoral neck fractures has been a challenging clinical problem as they experience high shear forces and thus a greater risk of treatment failure. There is no apparent consensus on the optimal implant type for these injuries. We developed a modified dynamic hip screw (DHS), which was designed to a cage in the lag screw, loaded with autologous bone graft for the treatment of Pauwels type-3 vertical femoral neck fractures. Between February 2010 and January 2012, 17 consecutive patients with Pauwels type-3 vertical femoral neck fractures were treated with the modified DHS loaded with autologous bone graft. All patients were followed up for a minimum of 24 months (range, 24-36 months). Surgical details, operative and postoperative complications, the rates of nonunion and osteonecrosis and the Harris hip score were evaluated. There were thirteen men and four women with a mean age of 37.2 years (range, 27-52 years). There were no intraoperative complications related to this technology. All fractures healed within 14.1 weeks (range, 12 to 20 weeks). One patient required total hip replacement because of avascular necrosis of the femoral head at 27 months after surgery. According to the Harris hip score, eleven patients (64.7%) had excellent results, four (23.5%) had good results, one (5.9%) had moderate and one (5.9%) had poor result. The modified DHS loaded with autologous bone graft appears to be a reliable implant for the treatment of Pauwels type-3 vertical femoral neck fractures with fewer complications. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Left Radial Versus Femoral Access for Coronary Angiography in Post-Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients.

    PubMed

    Pasley, Thomas F; Khan, Ali; Yen, Lu-Yin; Newcombe, Ruth; Humphreys, Hayley; El-Jack, Seif

    2016-03-01

    It has been recently demonstrated that coronary angiography of native coronary arteries via the radial artery results in reduced morbidity and mortality, when compared with a femoral approach. However, the efficacy and safety of the transradial approach in patients with coronary grafts is relatively unknown. We performed a retrospective audit of all patients with a history of previous coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery who underwent diagnostic angiography at our institution from 2008-2012. The primary efficacy endpoint was procedure time (minutes), while the secondary efficacy measure was patient radiation exposure (μGy/m²). There were 326 post-CABG patients studied during the defined period, with 254 via femoral approach and 72 via left radial artery. There was no significant difference between the two approaches in procedure time (37 minutes in radial group vs 35 minutes in femoral group; t-test, P=.43). There was also no difference in radiation exposure (7855 μGy/m² in femoral group vs 6825 μGy/m² in radial group; Satterthwaite t-test, P=.08). This study shows the validity of a left radial approach in patients who have undergone angiography post CABG. It suggests that transradial angiography can be safely performed in these patients, without significant increase in procedural time or radiation exposure.

  1. Clinical-radiographic correlation of the femoral insertion point of the graft in reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament☆

    PubMed Central

    Pinheiro Júnior, Lúcio Flávio Biondi; Cenni, Marcos Henrique Frauendorf; Nicolai, Oscar Pinheiro; Carneiro, Guilherme Galvão Barreto; de Andrade, Rodrigo Cristiano; de Moraes, Vinícius Vidigal

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the radiographic positioning of the femoral tunnel and correlate this with the postoperative clinical results among patients undergoing reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) alone. Method This was a retrospective study in which 30 knees of 26 patients with recurrent dislocation of the patella that underwent MPFL reconstruction were evaluated. The femoral insertion point of the graft and the postoperative clinical condition were analyzed and correlated using the Kujala and Lysholm scales. Results 22 knees presented a femoral tunnel in the anatomical area (group A) and 8 outside of this location (group B). In group A, the mean score on the Kujala scale was 89.68 points and on the Lysholm scale was 92.45 points. In group B, the mean score on the Kujala scale was 84.75 points and on the Lysholm scale was 92 points. The difference between the means was not significant on either of the two scales. Conclusion Correlation with the clinical results did not show any difference in relation to the positioning of the femoral insertion of the graft. PMID:27218083

  2. Investigating Clinical Failure of Bone Grafting through a Window at the Femoral Head Neck Junction Surgery for the Treatment of Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Wei; Zhao, Dingyan; Gao, Fuqiang; Su, Yangming; Li, Zirong

    2016-01-01

    Aims This study aimed to analyze the clinical factors related to the failure of bone grafting through a window at the femoral head-neck junction. Methods In total, 119 patients (158 hips) underwent bone grafting for treatment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The patients were classified by their ARCO staging and CJFH classification. All patients were clinically and radiographically followed up every three months during the first year and every six months in the following year. The clinical follow-up comprised determination of pre- and postoperative Harris hip scores, while serial AP, frog lateral radiographs, and CT scan were used for the radiographic follow-up. Results The clinical failure of bone grafting was observed in 40 patients. The clinical failure rates in patients belonging to ARCO stage II period, IIIa, and III (b + c) were 25.9%, 16.2%, and 61.5%, respectively, while those in patients belonging to (C + M + L1) type and L2, L3 type disease groups were 1.7%, 38.9%, and 39%, respectively. The clinical failure rates in patients aged below 40 and those aged 40 and over were 20.5% and 39.0%, respectively (all P < 0.05). Conclusion Disease type, disease stage, and patient age are risk factors for failure of bone graft surgery. Patients belonging to ARCO stage II and IIIa showed a good overall response rate, while patients belonging to ARCO stage IIIb and IIIc and those with necrotic lesions involving the lateral pillar (L2 and L3 type) showed high surgical failure rates. PMID:27285821

  3. Long-term outcome of femoral above-knee popliteal artery bypass using autologous saphenous vein versus expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts.

    PubMed

    Sala, Florent; Hassen-Khodja, Reda; Lecis, Alexandre; Bouillanne, Pierre-Jean; Declemy, Serge; Batt, Michel

    2003-07-01

    Despite a recent flurry of publications on preferred techniques for femoral above-knee popliteal artery bypass, controversy persists over the use of autologous saphenous vein and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts. The purpose of this study was to compare our long-term results using these two bypass materials. In a series of 474 infrainguinal bypasses performed between January 1993 and December 1998, we performed a total of 75 femoral above-knee popliteal artery bypass using an autologous saphenous vein graft in 48 cases (64%) and an ePTFE graft in 27 cases (36%). Prosthetic grafts were used by choice in 17 cases and by necessity due to the absence of useable vein in 10 cases. There were 55 men and 18 women with a mean age of 70 years. The indication for bypass was lower extremity arterial occlusive disease at stage II in 17 cases (22.7%), stage III in 9 cases (12%), and stage IV in 36 cases (48%); subacute ischemia in 8 cases (10.7%); and femoropopliteal aneurysm in 5 cases (6.7%). Preoperative arteriography demonstrated three patent leg arteries in 15.5% of cases, two patent leg arteries in 43.5%, and one patent leg artery in 41%. There was no significance difference between the vein graft and ePTFE graft groups with regard to indications and arteriographic findings. No patient died during the immediate postoperative period. The mean duration of follow-up was 25.5 months (range, 3 to 108 months). The primary patency rate at 4 years was 82.2 +/- 8% for venous bypass vs. 80.6 +/- 11.8% for ePTFE bypass (p = 0.42). The secondary patency rate at 4 years was 84.7 +/- 7.4% for vein bypasses and 79.5 +/- 12% for ePTFE bypasses (p = 0.26). In our experience, there was no statistically significant difference in long-term outcome of femoral above-knee popliteal artery bypass using autologous vein grafts or prosthetic ePTFE grafts.

  4. Femoral and tibial graft tunnel parameters after transtibial, anteromedial portal, and outside-in single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Osti, Michael; Krawinkel, Alessa; Ostermann, Michael; Hoffelner, Thomas; Benedetto, Karl Peter

    2015-09-01

    Anatomic graft tunnel placement is recommended in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction to restore knee joint stability and function. Transtibial (TT), anteromedial portal (AMP), and outside-in (OI) retrograde drilling surgical techniques have been described for tibial and femoral bone tunnel preparation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bone tunnel parameters and compare the ability of 3 different surgical techniques to achieve placement of the ACL femoral and tibial bone tunnels at the center of the native ACL femoral and tibial attachment sites. The hypothesis was that tunnel placement using an AMP or OI technique would result in optimized tunnel parameters and more closely reconstruct the center of the native ACL femoral attachment site. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. The study population consisted of 100 patients undergoing anatomic single-bundle ACL reconstruction using multiple-stranded hamstring tendon grafts. In group 1 (n = 36), the femoral tunnel was drilled using a TT surgical technique; in group 2 (n = 32), the femoral tunnel was drilled through an AMP; and in group 3 (n = 32), the femoral tunnel was created by use of an OI technique with retrograde drilling. Computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained postoperatively, and characteristics of femoral and tibial tunnel apertures were correlated to femoral and tibial measurement grid systems. The position of the resulting tibial and femoral bone tunnels for each group was compared with the center of the native ACL attachment sites. There were statistically significant differences (P < .05) for the ACL femoral tunnel between the 3 groups with respect to intercondylar height, total tunnel length, graft fixation length, tunnel axis, and tunnel entry angle. Statistically significant differences (P < .05) were found for the ACL tibial tunnel with respect to anteroposterior tunnel position and sagittal tunnel axis between the TT and both the OI and AMP techniques. The OI surgical

  5. [Treatment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head by lesions clearance, compact bone grafting, and porous tantalum rod implantation].

    PubMed

    Zhu, Jianxin; Wang, Yue; Deng, Juncai; Lü, Bo; Hao, Peng

    2011-11-01

    To study the effectiveness of avascular necrosis of the femoral head treated by lesions clearance, Between March 2008 and May 2010, 14 patients (16 compact bone grafting, and porous tantalum rod implantation. hips) with avascular necrosis of the femoral head were treated by lesions clearance, compact bone grafting, and implantation of porous tantalum rod. Of 15 cases, 13 were male (15 hips) and 1 was female (1 hip) with a median age of 42.2 years (range, 18-73 years), including traumatic in 1 case (1 hip), alcoholic in 4 cases (4 hips), and steroid-induced in 9 cases (11 hips); 3 hips were at Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) stage I and 13 hips were at ARCO stage II. The Harris score was 51.89 +/- 12.42, and the X-ray score was 31.88 +/- 4.03. All the cases were diagnosed by X-ray films and MRI. The median disease duration was 2.5 years (range, 6 months to 7 years). All the patients accepted the operation of lesions clearance by slotting at the neck of femur, then, compact bone grafting, and implantation of porous tantalum rod were performed. The affected limb could not bear weight loading at 1-3 months after operation and partly bear weight loading after 3 months of operation. Primary healing of incision was achieved in all patients and no complication occurred. The patients were followed up 24 months on average (range, 13-36 months). Two patients underwent total hip arthroplasty at 4 months and 2 years respectively because of even worsened pain and collapsed femoral heads; 12 patients achieved obvious pain relief with a survival rate 87.5% (14/16). The postoperative Harris score was 84.89 +/- 17.96, showing significant difference when compared with preoperative score (t = -8.038, P = 0.001). The X-ray examination showed definite ossification, increased density, regular arrangement of the trabeculae and no collapsed femoral head. The X-ray score was 32.19 +/- 6.57, showing no significant difference when compared with preoperative score (t = -2

  6. Transvenous Embolization of a Spontaneous Femoral AVF 5 Years After an Incomplete Treatment with Arterial Stent-Grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Peynircioglu, Bora Ozkan, Murat; Dogan, Omer Faruk; Cil, Barbaros E.; Dogan, Riza

    2008-03-15

    A 66-year-old man with complex left femoral arterio-venous fistula (AVF) was first diagnosed after a deep venous thrombosis incident approximately 5 years ago. Partial treatment was performed by means of endografts along the superficial femoral artery, which remained patent for 5 years. The patient had been doing well until a couple of months ago when he developed severe venous stasis and ulcers of the left cruris, due to a high-flow nonhealing complex AVF with additional iliac vein occlusion. Therefore; the definitive treatment was performed by a unique endovascular technique combined with surgical venous bypass (femoro-femoral crossover saphenous bypass, the Palma operation). A novel percutaneous transvenous technique for occlusion of a complex high-flow AVF is reported with a review of the literature. The case is unique with spontaneous AVF, transvenous embolization with detachable coils and ONYX, and the hybrid treatment technique as well as the long-term patency of superficial femoral artery stent-grafts.

  7. The predictive value of angiographic results for the outcome of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in stenosed femoral bypass grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Spijkerboer, Anje M.; Beek, Frederik J. A.; Graaf, Yolanda van der; Eikelboom, Bert C.; Mali, Willem P. T. M.

    1997-03-15

    Purpose. To assess the predictive value of immediate angiographic results after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for stenoses in femoral bypass grafts using duplex ultrasound (DUS) criteria. Methods. A 1-year follow-up with DUS was performed in 38 patients with 50 stenoses in 41 grafts, treated with PTA for a graft stenosis. The indication for PTA according to DUS criteria was a severe stenosis in 43 lesions, and a moderate stenosis in 7 lesions. In the moderate stenosis group 3 patients showed claudication and 1 patient had a nonhealing ulcer. For the purposes of statistical evaluation, primary patency was considered present if the graft was not occluded. The graft was considered to have failed when it was found to be occluded on DUS, or when secondary interventions (surgery, repeat PTA) were performed. Results. After 1 year the cumulative primary patency rate was 44$ [95% confidence interval (CI) 27.8-59.8]. Stenoses with initially good angiographic results after PTA (<30% residual stenosis) were 2.9 times more likely to be patent at 1 year than stenoses with initially poor or moderate angiographic results (hazard ratio 2.9, 95% CI 1.3-6.4,p=0.007). Conclusion. A poor or moderate angiographic result immediately following PTA was prognostic for poor long-term results and may indicate a requirement for earlier surgical intervention.

  8. Free Vascularized Fibular Grafting Improves Vascularity Compared With Core Decompression in Femoral Head Osteonecrosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    PubMed

    Cao, Lu; Guo, Changan; Chen, Jifei; Chen, Zenggan; Yan, Zuoqin

    2017-09-01

    Management of osteonecrosis of the femoral head remains challenging. Core decompression and free vascularized fibular grafting are commonly used surgical procedures for treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Few studies, however, have compared these two procedures in a randomized controlled study, in terms of improved vascularity of the femoral head, progression of disease, or hip scores. QUESTION/PURPOSES: (1) What is the effect of core decompression and fibular grafting on vascularity of the femoral head as measured by single-photon emission CT (SPECT)/CT? (2) Does one of these two methods lead to greater progression of Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) stage as determined by serial MRI? (3) What is the relationship between the change in vascularity of the femoral head and hip function as measured by the Harris hip score (HHS) and progression to THA as an endpoint? A randomized controlled trial was performed between June 2010 and October 2012 at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. During the study period, 51 patients who presented with ARCO Stages I to IIIB bilateral osteonecrosis were potentially eligible for inclusion, and 33 patients were identified as meeting the inclusion criteria and offered enrollment and randomization. Six patients declined to participate at the time of randomization, leaving a final sample of 27 participants (54 hips). Bilateral hips of each patient were randomly assigned to surgical options: one side was treated with core decompression and the contralateral side was concurrently treated with fibular grafting. SPECT/CT examinations were performed to quantify radionuclide uptake to evaluate vascularity of the femoral head before treatment and at 6 and 36 months after surgery. With the numbers available, we found no differences between the groups regarding vascularity at baseline (64% ± 8% core decompression-treated hips versus 64% ± 7% in the fibular-grafted hips; 95% CI, -5% to 5%; p = 0.90). MR images of the

  9. Core decompression or quadratus femoris muscle pedicle bone grafting for nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head: A randomized control study

    PubMed Central

    Li, Deqiang; Li, Ming; Liu, Peilai; Zhang, Yuankai; Ma, Liang; Xu, Fei

    2016-01-01

    Background: The traditional management for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) includes core decompression (CD) and quadratus femoris muscle pedicle bone graft (QF-MPBG). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CD and QF-MPBG on the patients with nontraumatic ONFH in an early stage. Materials and Methods: 39 patients (47 hips) with ONFH in an early stage (Ficat Stage I or II) were randomly divided into two groups according to random number table method. One group was treated with CD and cancellous bone grafting. Another group was treated QF-MPBG with cancellous bone grafting. The hip function was evaluated using Harris hip score (HHS). The repair of the femoral head was estimated through X-ray, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The surgical time and intraoperative blood loss was calculated. Results: All patients were followed for an average 2.5 years (range from 1.5 to 4 years). Two hips in CD group progressed into stage 3 and three hips in QF-MPBG group processed into stage 3. No patient accepted the THA at the last followup. The HHSs significantly increased in both groups after surgery (P < 0.05). No statistical differences were found between CD and QF-MPBG groups in postoperative HHSs at last followup (P > 0.05). X-ray and CT showed that the femoral head did not progress to collapse after operation in both groups. In addition, MRI showed that the edema signals decreased. However, the surgical time was longer in QF-MPBG group than that in CD group (P < 0.05). The intraoperative blood loss was more in QF-MPBG than that in CD group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The CD with bone graft could relieve hip pain, improve hip function with much lesser surgical trauma compared to QF-MPBG. Hence, the CD with bone graft should be generally used for the treatment of patients with an early stage (Ficat Stage I or II) ONFH. PMID:27904218

  10. Thoracic Stent Graft Implantation for Aortic Coarctation with Patent Ductus Arteriosus via Retroperitoneal Iliac Approach in the Presence of Small Sized Femoral Artery

    PubMed Central

    Korkmaz, Ozge; Beton, Osman; Goksel, Sabahattin; Kaya, Hakkı; Berkan, Ocal

    2016-01-01

    Endovascular stent graft implantation is a favorable method for complex aortic coarctation accompanied by patent ductus arteriosus. Herein, an 18-year-old woman with complex aortic coarctation and patent ductus arteriosus was successfully treated by endovascular thoracic stent graft via retroperitoneal approach. The reason for retroperitoneal iliac approach was small sized common femoral arteries which were not suitable for stent graft passage. This case is the first aortic coarctation plus patent ductus arteriosus case described in the literature which is treated by endovascular thoracic stent graft via retroperitoneal approach. PMID:27242935

  11. The end stage of dialysis access: femoral graft or HeRO vascular access device.

    PubMed

    Kudlaty, Elizabeth A; Pan, Jeanne; Allemang, Matthew T; Kendrick, Daniel E; Kashyap, Vikram S; Wong, Virginia L

    2015-01-01

    Maintaining and establishing vascular access in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is complicated when they are poor candidates for traditional upper extremity access. Our objective was to compare our experience with 2 alternative dialysis accesses, the femoral arteriovenous graft (fAVG) and the Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO), in patients with limited remaining options. A single institution, retrospective review of ESRD patients with fAVG or HeRO placed between May 2009 and February 2013 was performed. Adult patients were selected by reviewing all arteriovenous grafts placed at a single institution. Patient demographics, medical history, access characteristics, and outcomes were recorded from both institutional and dialysis center databases. Data were evaluated using Fisher's exact test, unpaired t-test for continuous variables, log-rank test, and univariate analysis. A total of 56 accesses in 43 unique patients met these criteria: 35 fAVG and 21 HeRO; with 1 HeRO patient lost immediately to follow-up. Clinical variables were similar except the HeRO group had more diabetic patients (60% HeRO, 22.9% fAVG; P = 0.01). The average number of years on hemodialysis was 7.0 ± 1.0 for fAVG and 5.7 ± 0.9 for HeRO (P = 0.41). Primary patency was 40.5%, 18.7%, and 14.9% for fAVG and 29.0%, 29.0%, and 0% for HeRO at 6 months, 12 months, and 2 years (P = 0.67), respectively. Assisted primary patency was also similar, with 43.8%, 29.4%, and 13.8% for fAVG and 34.8%, 34.8%, and 17.4% for HeRO at 6 months, 12 months, and 2 years (P = 0.81), respectively. Secondary patency was 62.6%, 50.6%, 19.3% for fAVG and 68.0%, 53.5%, 38.3% for HeRO at 6 months, 12 months, and 2 years (P = 0.69), respectively. Average number of interventions to maintain patency for fAVG was 1.1 ± 1.47 and 1.65 ± 2.52 for HeRO (P = 0.35). Infectious complications occurred in 29% of fAVG and 15% of HeRO (P = 0.33). Patients who received either fAVG or HeRO experience poor access patency. ESRD

  12. Wear resistance of artificial hip joints with poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) grafted polyethylene: comparisons with the effect of polyethylene cross-linking and ceramic femoral heads.

    PubMed

    Moro, Toru; Kawaguchi, Hiroshi; Ishihara, Kazuhiko; Kyomoto, Masayuki; Karita, Tatsuro; Ito, Hideya; Nakamura, Kozo; Takatori, Yoshio

    2009-06-01

    Aseptic loosening of artificial hip joints induced by wear particles from the polyethylene (PE) liner remains the ruinous problem limiting their longevity. We reported here that grafting with a polymer, poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC)) (PMPC), on the PE liner surface dramatically decreased the wear production under a hip joint simulator condition. We examined that the effect of properties of both PE by cross-linking and femoral head by changing the materials on wearing properties of PE. The PMPC grafting on the liners increased hydrophilicity and decreased friction torque, regardless of the cross-linking of the PE liner or the difference in the femoral head materials. During the hip joint simulator experiments (5 x 10(6) cycles of loading), cross-linking caused a decrease of wear amount and a reduction of the particle size, while the femoral head materials did not affect it. The PMPC grafting abrogated the wear production, confirmed by almost no wear of the liner surface, independently of the liner cross-linking or the femoral head material. We concluded that the PMPC grafting on the PE liner surpasses the liner cross-linking or the change of femoral head materials for extending longevity of artificial hip joints.

  13. Spontaneous Rupture of Superficial Femoral Artery Repaired with Endovascular Stent-Grafting with use of Rendez-Vous Technique, Followed by Delayed Infection

    SciTech Connect

    Fanelli, Fabrizio Cannavale, Alessandro; Gazzetti, Marianna; Fantozzi, Cristiano; Taurino, Maurizio; Speziale, Francesco

    2013-02-15

    This is the case of a 72-year-old man with lower limb ischemia due to spontaneous rupture of nonaneurysmal superficial femoral artery that developed into thigh hematoma. After failure of a Fogarty revascularization, an emergency endovascular procedure was performed to restore the arterial continuity. A rendezvous procedure was performed with a double femoral and popliteal approach and two covered stent-grafts were deployed. Patient's clinical conditions immediately improved, but 4 months later the stent-grafts were surgically removed for infection and exteriorization. A femoropopliteal bypass was performed. After 1 year follow-up, the patient is in good clinical condition.

  14. Emergency Stent Grafting After Unsuccessful Surgical Repair of a Mycotic Common Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm in a Drug Abuser

    SciTech Connect

    Lupattelli, Tommaso; Garaci, Francesco Giuseppe; Basile, Antonio; Minnella, Daniela Paola; Casini, Andrea; Clerissi, Jacques

    2009-03-15

    Mycotic false aneurysm caused by local arterial injury from attempted intravenous injections in drug addicts remains a challenging clinical problem. The continued increase in drug abuse has resulted in an increased incidence of this problem, particularly in high-volume urban centres. In the drug-abusing population, mycotic arterial pseudoaneurysms most often occur because of missed venous injection and are typically seen in the groin, axilla, and antecubital fossa. Mycotic aneurysms may lead to life-threatening haemorrhage, limb loss, sepsis, and even death. Any soft-tissue swelling in the vicinity of a major artery in an intravenous drug abuser should be suspected of being a false aneurysm until proven otherwise and should prompt immediate referral to a vascular surgeon for investigation and management. We report a case of rupturing mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the left common femoral artery treated by surgical resection followed by vessel reconstruction with autologous material. Unfortunately, at the time of discharge a sudden leakage from the vein graft anastomosis occurred, with subsequent massive bleeding, and required emergent endovascular covered stenting. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of femoral artery bleeding in a drug abuser treated by stent graft placement.

  15. Impaction bone grafting for periprosthetic fractures around a total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Youssef, Bishoy; Pavlou, George; Shah, Nikhil; Macheras, George; Tsiridis, Eleftherios

    2014-11-01

    The incidence of periprosthetic fractures has been reported to be between 1 and 20.9% and appears to be on the rise. Fractures that occur around the femoral stem, particularly when the stem is loose or there is a loss of bone stock pose a technical challenge. These are rare injuries and there is considerable debate regarding their optimal treatment. Reconstruction with large segment endoprosthetic replacement is an acceptable solution for elderly patients who have limited functional demands and where the prosthesis is expected to outlive the patient. The younger patient poses a much greater challenge, the bone must be reconstituted and the femoral canal geometry must sufficiently restored to allow the stable insertion of a prosthesis. There are very few techniques that exist in this scenario. One such technique is impaction bone grafting and revision to a long smooth tapered cemented stem. This allows the restoration of bone stock and the stable insertion of a prosthesis. The aim of this article is to discuss the theory behind impaction bone grafting, the technical aspects and challenges of this technique, including fracture reduction methods, and to appraise all the literature available on impaction bone grafting for periprosthetic fractures.

  16. The Application of Closed Reduction Internal Fixation and Iliac Bone Block Grafting in the Treatment of Acute Displaced Femoral Neck Fractures

    PubMed Central

    Su, Yanling; Zhang, Qi; Hou, Zhiyong; Pan, Jinshe; Zhang, Yingze

    2013-01-01

    Objective This study aimed to evaluate the preliminary clinical and radiographic outcomes of acute displaced femoral neck fracture treated by closed reduction and internal fixation (CRIF) with free iliac bone block grafting with comparison to a routine protocol of CRIF without bone grafting. Methods From December 2008 to February 2010, 220 adult patients with acute displaced femoral neck fractures were enrolled in this study. In study group, there were 124 patients (57 males, 67 females) with a mean age of 44.8 years (range, 20-64 years). There were 70 transcervical fractures and 54 subcapital fractures. The patients were treated by CRIF and free iliac bone block grafting. The control group consisted of 96 adult patients (46 males, 50 females) with a mean age of 46.3 years (range, 23-64 years). There were 61 transcervical fractures and 35 subcapital fractures. The patients in control group were treated by CRIF without bone grafting. Results In study group, 112 patients were followed up for an average of 27.4 months (range, 24-34 months). All fractures healed within 5 months. However, 10 patients presented AVN of the femoral heads. The mean Harris score was 88.6 (range, 41-100). In control group, 68 patients were followed up for an average of 31.2 months (range, 24-42 months). The rates of AVN of the femoral head and fracture nonunion in control group were 26.5% (18/68) and 16.2% (11/68), respectively, significantly higher than those in study group (both P<0.05). The mean Harris score in control group was 83.8 (41–100), significantly lower than that in study group (P<0.05). Conclusion Acute displaced femoral neck fractures can be treated by CRIF and free iliac bone block grafting in a minimally invasive manner. This technique can guarantee uneventful fracture healing and significantly reduce the rate of femoral head osteonecrosis. PMID:24040414

  17. Pretensioning of quadruple flexor tendon grafts in two types of femoral fixation: quasi-randomised controlled pilot study.

    PubMed

    Kawano, Cezar Teruyuki; de Moraes Barros Fucs, Patrícia Maria; Severino, Nilson Roberto

    2011-04-01

    Pretensioning of the flexor tendon graft of the knee is used to improve the stability of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. The objective was to demonstrate the pretensioning of grafts of the semitendinosus and gracilis in situ with range of flexion and extension of 0-110°, and determine the appropriate number of cycles in two types of femoral fixation. ACL reconstruction was performed in 60 patients, aged 16-48 years, 90% male, with 50% right knees and 50% left knees, divided into two groups of 30 patients: One with the femur fixed using interference screws (direct form) and the other with the transcondylar cross-pin screw (from a distance). Total length of the grafts, their circumference and the measurements on the radiographs of length of the grafts submitted to pretensioning and the measurements with ten, 25 and 50 cycles of flexion and extension were determined. There was no significant difference in relation to the total tendon lengths and their circumferences. The lengths of the portions submitted to pretensioning were significantly different: 7.90 cm for the interference and 10.92 cm for the transcondylar (mean). After tensioning, in the interference and transcondylar groups, respectively, lengthening was 3.57 mm/3.97 mm with ten, 6.30 mm/7.03 mm with 25, and 6.83 mm/7.7 mm with 50 cycles. The greater the length of the graft, the greater the lengthening on pretensioning throughout the substance; the shorter the length, the earlier the end of the lengthening was achieved, close to 25 cycles; more than ten cycles were necessary, 25 being sufficient.

  18. Treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head by free vascularized fibular grafting: an analysis of surgical outcome and patient health status

    PubMed Central

    Louie, Brian E.; McKee, Michael D.; Richards, Robin R.; Mahoney, James L.; Waddell, James P.; Beaton, Dorcas E.; Schemitsch, Emil H.; Yoo, Daniel J.

    1999-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the limb-specific outcome and general health status of patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head treated with vascularized fibular grafting. Design A retrospective review. Setting A single tertiary care centre. Patients Fifty-five consecutive patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head who underwent fibular grafting (8 bilaterally). Intervention Vascularized fibular grafting. Outcome measures Limb-specific scores (Harris Hip Score, St. Michael’s Hospital Hip Score), general health status (Nottingham Health Profile, SF-36 health status survey) and radiographic outcome measures (Steinberg stage). Results Patients were young (mean age 34 years, range from 18 to 52 years) and 80% had advanced osteonecrosis (Steinberg stages IV and V). Fifty-nine hips were followed up for an average of 50 months (range from 24 to 117 months) after vascularized fibular grafting. Sixteen hips (27%) were converted to total hip arthroplasty (THA). To date, 73% of hips treated with vascularized fibular grafting have required no further surgery. Preoperative and postoperative Harris Hip Scores were 57.3 and 83.6 respectively (p < 0.001). As measured by patient-oriented health status questionnaires (SF-36, Nottingham Health Profile) and compared with population controls, patients had normal mental health scores and only slight decreases in physical component scores. Conclusions Free vascularized fibular grafting for osteonecrosis of the femoral head provides satisfactory pain relief, functional improvement and general health status and halts the progression of symptomatic disease. PMID:10459327

  19. Results of Wagner SL revision stem with impaction bone grafting in revision total hip arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Somesh P; Bhalodiya, Haresh P

    2013-01-01

    Background: As the number of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed increases, so do the number of required revisions. Impaction bone grafting with Wagner SL Revision stem is a good option for managing bone deficiencies arising from aseptic osteolysis. We studied the results of cementless diaphyseal fixation in femoral revision after total hip arthroplasty and whether there was spontaneous regeneration of bone stock in the proximal femur after the use of Wagner SL Revision stem (Zimmer, Warsaw, IN, USA) with impaction bone grafting. Materials and Methods: We performed 53 hip revisions using impaction bone grafting and Wagner SL Revision stems in 48 patients; (5 cases were bilateral) for variety of indications ranging from aseptic osteolysis to preiprosthetic fractures. The average age was 59 years (range 44-68 years). There were 42 male and 6 female patients. Four patients died after surgery for reasons unrelated to surgery. 44 patients were available for complete analysis. Results: The mean Harris Hip Score was 42 before surgery and improved to 86 by the final followup evaluation at a mean point of 5.5 years. Of the 44 patients, 87% (n=39) had excellent results and 10% (n=5) had good results. The stem survival rate was 98% (n=43). Conclusion: Short term results for revision THA with impaction bone grafting and Wagner SL revision stems are encouraging. However, it is necessary to obtain long term results through periodic followup evaluation, as rate of complications may increase in future. PMID:23960279

  20. Can markers injected into a single-loop anterior cruciate ligament graft define the axes of the tibial and femoral tunnels? A cadaveric study using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis.

    PubMed

    Smith, Conrad; Hull, M L; Howell, S M

    2008-08-01

    Lengthening of a soft-tissue anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft construct over time, which leads to an increase in anterior laxity following ACL reconstruction, can result from relative motions between the graft and fixation devices and between the fixation devices and bone. To determine these relative motions using Roentgen stereophotogrammetry (RSA), it is first necessary to identify the axes of the tibial and femoral tunnels. The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the error in using markers injected into the portions of a soft-tissue tendon graft enclosed within the tibial and femoral tunnels to define the axes of these tunnels. Markers were injected into the tibia, femur, and graft in six cadaveric legs the knees of which were reconstructed with single-loop tibialis grafts. The axes of the tunnels were defined by marker pairs that were injected into the bones on lines parallel to the walls of the tibial and femoral tunnels (i.e., standard). By using marker pairs injected into the portions of the graft enclosed within the tibial and femoral tunnels and the marker pairs aligned with the tunnel axes, the directions of vectors were determined by using RSA, while a 150 N anterior force was transmitted at the knee. The average and standard deviations of the angle between the two vectors were 5.5+/-3.3 deg. This angle translates into an average error and standard deviation of the error in lengthening quantities (i.e., relative motions along the tunnel axes) at the sites of fixation of (0.6+/-0.8)%. Identifying the axes of the tunnels by using marker pairs in the graft rather than marker pairs in the walls of the tunnels will shorten the surgical procedure by eliminating the specialized tools and time required to insert marker pairs in the tunnel walls and will simplify the data analysis in in vivo studies.

  1. Free vascularised fibular grafting with OsteoSet®2 demineralised bone matrix versus autograft for large osteonecrotic lesions of the femoral head.

    PubMed

    Feng, Yong; Wang, Shanzhi; Jin, Dongxu; Sheng, Jiagen; Chen, Shengbao; Cheng, Xiangguo; Zhang, Changqing

    2011-04-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of OsteoSet®2 DBM with autologous cancellous bone in free vascularised fibular grafting for the treatment of large osteonecrotic lesions of the femoral head. Twenty-four patients (30 hips) with large osteonecrotic lesions of the femoral head (stage IIC in six hips, stage IIIC in 14, and stage IVC in ten, according to the classification system of Steinberg et al.) underwent free vascularised fibular grafting with OsteoSet®2 DBM. This group was retrospectively matched to a group of 24 patients (30 hips) who underwent free vascularised fibular grafting with autologous cancellous bone during the same time period according to the aetiology, stage, and size of the lesion and the mean preoperative Harris hip score. A prospective case-controlled study was then performed with a mean follow-up duration of 26 months. The results show no statistically significant differences between the two groups in overall clinical outcome or the radiographic assessment. Furthermore, no adverse events related to the use of the OsteoSet®2 DBM were observed. The results demonstrate that OsteoSet®2 DBM combined with autograft bone performs equally as well as that of autologous bone alone. Therefore, OsteoSet®2 DBM can be used as a safe and effective graft extender in free vascularised fibular grafting for large osteonecrotic lesions of the femoral head.

  2. Early postoperative changes in hematological, erythrocyte aggregation and blood coagulation parameters after unilateral implantation of polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft in the femoral artery of beagle dogs.

    PubMed

    Toth, Csaba; Klarik, Zoltan; Kiss, Ferenc; Toth, Eniko; Hargitai, Zoltan; Nemeth, Norbert

    2014-05-01

    The failure of small-caliber vascular grafts still means a serious problem. Concerning the early postoperative complications we aimed to investigate the hemostaseological and hemorheological aspects of this issue in a canine model. In the Control group only anesthesia was induced. In the Grafted group under general anesthesia a 3.5-cm segment was resected unilaterally from the femoral artery and replaced with a PTFE graft (diameter: 3 mm). On the 1st-3rd-5th-7th and 14th postoperative days the skin temperature of both hind limbs was measured, and blood sampling occurred for hematological, hemostaseological and hemorheological tests. The skin temperature of the operated versus intact limbs did not differ. In the Grafted group leukocyte count was elevated by the 1st postoperative day, while platelet count increased over the entire follow-up period. Fibrinogen concentration rose on the 1st-5th days, activated partial thromboplastin time increased on the 3rd-7th days. Erythrocyte aggregation was enhanced significantly on the 1st-5th days. In specimens taken on the 14th day, histologically we found matured thrombus narrowing the graft lumen. Small-caliber PTFE graft implantation into the femoral artery caused significant changes in several hemostaseological and hemorheological parameters. However, better clarifying the factors leading to early thrombosis of these grafts needs further studies.

  3. A hybrid approach using a composite endovascular and open graft procedure for a symptomatic common femoral aneurysm extending well above the inguinal ligament.

    PubMed

    Bakoyiannis, Chris N; Tsekouras, Nikolaos S; Economopoulos, Konstantinos P; Bastounis, Elias A

    2008-08-01

    We report the use of a unique hybrid technique to treat a patient with a painful aneurysm extending both above and below the inguinal ligament. The patient was at high surgical risk, and endovascular treatment was not possible due to the absence of an appropriate vascular access site. Under local anesthesia, this aneurysm was treated using both a stent graft and a traditional Dacron graft for the iliac and femoral portions, respectively. Simultaneously, a popliteal aneurysm was treated endovascularly through a jump graft, which was used to bypass a short occlusion at the origin of the superficial femoral artery. Hybrid techniques can be an alternative approach in high-risk patients where endovascular procedures cannot be applied.

  4. Factors Influencing the Stability of Stems Fixed with Impaction Graft in Vitro

    PubMed Central

    Matsuura, Masanori; Ebara, Tsuneyuki; Okamoto, Yusaku; Kou, Hironori

    2009-01-01

    Mechanical stability of the stem is believed to be an important factor in successful impaction grafting in revision THA. We asked whether particle size, femoral bone deficiencies, stem design, graft composition, and impaction technique influenced the initial stability of the stem in vitro using model femora and human bone particles. Bone particles made with a reciprocating blade-type bone mill contained larger particles with a broader size distribution than those made by a rotating drum-type bone mill and had higher stiffness on compression testing. The stiffness on torsional testing decreased as the degree of proximal-medial segmental deficiencies increased. The stiffness and maximum torque in a stem with a rectangular cross section and wide anteroposterior surface were higher in torsional tests. Adding hydroxyapatite granules to the bone particles increased the torsional stability. To facilitate compact bone particles, we developed a spacer between the guidewire and modified femoral packers. This spacer facilitated compacting bone particles from the middle up to the proximal and the technique increased the amount of impacted bone particles at the middle of the stem and also improved the initial stability of the stem. Stem design and degree of deficiencies influenced stiffness in the torsional test and the addition of hydroxyapatite granules enhanced torsional stiffness. PMID:19184265

  5. Is the Grafted Tendon Shifted Anteriorly in the Femoral Tunnel at the Postremodeling Phase After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction? A Clinical MRI Study

    PubMed Central

    Onodera, Jun; Yasuda, Kazunori; Masuda, Tetsuro; Tanabe, Yoshie; Kitamura, Nobuto; Yagi, Tomonori; Kondo, Eiji

    2017-01-01

    Background: Based on previous in vitro studies, it has been commonly believed that during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with hamstring tendon, the grafted tendon is shifted anteriorly in the tunnel permanently after the graft is anchored to the tunnel wall. However, this has not been proven by in vivo studies. Hypothesis: At 1 year after anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction, the grafted tendons may not be shifted anteriorly in the femoral tunnel but anchored to the bony wall at the center of the tunnel. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: Participants consisted of 40 patients who underwent anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction. The grafted tendons located in the femoral tunnel were examined 1 year after surgery using 2 different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocols. In the first substudy, with 20 patients, the grafted tendon location was evaluated on an inclined sagittal multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) image taken using a standard T2-weighted protocol. In the second substudy with the remaining 20 patients, tendon location was evaluated on a pure axial MPR image taken using a VISTA (volume isotropic turbo spin echo acquisition) protocol. Results: On the inclined sagittal T2-weighted images of the anteromedial (AM) graft, the anterior width of the newly formed fibrous tissue, which surrounded the tendon graft, was significantly greater than the posterior width (P = .001). The center of the grafted tendon was slightly (mean, 2.5% of the tunnel diameter) but significantly (P = .0310) shifted posteriorly from the tunnel center. On the axial T2-VISTA images, the center of the AM graft was slightly but significantly shifted posteriorly (3.9%; P = .022) and medially (5.5%; P = .002) from the tunnel center. The center of the posterolateral (PL) graft was not significantly shifted to any direction from the center of the tunnel. Conclusion: The grafted tendons were not shifted anteriorly in the femoral tunnel 1 year

  6. 3D non-linear analysis of the acetabular construct following impaction grafting.

    PubMed

    Phillips, A T M; Pankaj, P; Howie, C R; Usmani, A S; Simpson, A H R W

    2006-06-01

    The study investigates the short-term behaviour of the acetabular construct following revision hip arthroplasty, carried out using the Slooff-Ling impaction grafting technique; using 3D finite element analyses. An elasto-plastic material model is used to describe the constitutive behaviour of morsellised cortico-cancellous bone (MCB) graft, since it has been shown that MCB undergoes significant plastic deformation under normal physiological loads. Based on previous experimental studies carried out by the authors and others, MCB is modelled using non-linear elasticity and Drucker Prager Cap (DPC) plasticity. Loading associated with walking, sitting down, and standing up is applied to the acetabular cup through a femoral head using smooth sliding surfaces. The analyses yield distinctive patterns of migration and rotation due to different activities. These are found to be similar to those observed in the clinical setting.

  7. The biomechanical strength of a hardware-free femoral press-fit method for ACL bone-tendon-bone graft fixation.

    PubMed

    Arnold, M P; Burger, L D; Wirz, D; Goepfert, B; Hirschmann, M T

    2017-04-01

    The purpose was to investigate graft slippage and ultimate load to failure of a femoral press-fit fixation technique for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Nine fresh-frozen knees were used. Standardized harvesting of the B-PT-B graft was performed. The femora were cemented into steel rods, and a tunnel was drilled outside-in into the native ACL footprint and expanded using a manual mill bit. The femoral bone block was fixed press-fit. To pull the free end of the graft, it was fixed to a mechanical testing machine using a deep-freezing technique. A motion capture system was used to assess three-dimensional micro-motion. After preconditioning of the graft, 1000 cycles of tensile loading were applied. Finally, an ultimate load to failure test was performed. Graft slippage in mm ultimate load to failure as well as type of failure was noted. In six of the nine measured specimens, a typical pattern of graft slippage was observed during cyclic loading. For technical reasons, the results of three knees had to be discarded. 78.6 % of total graft slippage occurred in the first 100 cycles. Once the block had settled, graft slippage converged to zero, highlighting the importance of initial preconditioning of the graft in the clinical setting. Graft slippage after 1000 cycles varied around 3.4 ± 3.2 mm (R = 1.3-9.8 mm) between the specimens. Ultimate loading (n = 9) revealed two characteristic patterns of failure. In four knees, the tendon ruptured, while in five knees the bone block was pulled out of the femoral tunnel. The median ultimate load to failure was 852 N (R = 448-1349 N). The implant-free femoral press-fit fixation provided adequate primary stability with ultimate load to failure pull forces at least equal to published results for interference screws; hence, its clinical application is shown to be safe.

  8. The effects of femoral graft placement on cartilage thickness after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Okafor, Eziamaka C; Utturkar, Gangadhar M; Widmyer, Margaret R; Abebe, Ermias S; Collins, Amber T; Taylor, Dean C; Spritzer, Charles E; Moorman, C T; Garrett, William E; DeFrate, Louis E

    2014-01-03

    Altered joint motion has been thought to be a contributing factor in the long-term development of osteoarthritis after ACL reconstruction. While many studies have quantified knee kinematics after ACL injury and reconstruction, there is limited in vivo data characterizing the effects of altered knee motion on cartilage thickness distributions. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare cartilage thickness distributions in two groups of patients with ACL reconstruction: one group in which subjects received a non-anatomic reconstruction that resulted in abnormal joint motion and another group in which subjects received an anatomically placed graft that more closely restored normal knee motion. Ten patients with anatomic graft placement (mean follow-up: 20 months) and 12 patients with non-anatomic graft placement (mean follow-up: 18 months) were scanned using high-resolution MR imaging. These images were used to generate 3D mesh models of both knees of each patient. The operative and contralateral knee models were registered to each other and a grid sampling system was used to make site-specific comparisons of cartilage thickness. Patients in the non-anatomic graft placement group demonstrated a significant decrease in cartilage thickness along the medial intercondylar notch in the operative knee relative to the intact knee (8%). In the anatomic graft placement group, no significant changes were observed. These findings suggest that restoring normal knee motion after ACL injury may help to slow the progression of degeneration. Therefore, graft placement may have important implications on the development of osteoarthritis after ACL reconstruction.

  9. Curative effect and safety of vascularized fibula grafting in renal transplant recipients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head: three case reports.

    PubMed

    Guo, Y J; Jin, D X; Zhang, C Q; Chen, S B; Sheng, J G; Lee, H S; Zhang, K G; Zeng, B F

    2009-11-01

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a common and severe complication after renal transplantation. It is characterized by deterioration of hip joint function, which impairs quality of life. We present 3 renal transplant case reports of patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head who underwent free vascularized fibular grafting at our hospital. Follow-up was from 1(1/2) to 2 years. All 3 patients exhibited good recovery with substantial improvement in joint function. Intraoperative and postoperative findings demonstrated the safety of this surgical procedure.

  10. Treatment of neglected femoral neck fractures using the modified dynamic hip screw with autogenous bone and bone morphogenetic protein-2 composite materials grafting

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Dasheng; Zuo, Shenjia; Li, Lin; Wang, Lei; Lian, Kejian

    2015-01-01

    Background: The neglected femoral neck fracture is one where there has been a delay of more than 30 days to seek medical help from the time of the original injury. Salvage procedures, such as osteotomy and other treatment options such as vascularized and nonvascularized bone grafts have high failure rates and arthroplasty procedures are not ideal, given the patient's young age and higher levels of activity. We designed a hollow bone graft dynamic hip screw (Hb-DHS) (modified DHS, Hb-DHS) for use in neglected femoral neck fractures. This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of the modified dynamic hip screw (DHS) with autogenous bone and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) composite materials grafting for the treatment of the neglected femoral neck fractures. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was carried out in twenty patients of neglected femoral neck fractures treated with the modified DHS with autogenous bone and BMP-2 composite materials grafting between July 2007 and February 2010. There were 14 men and 6 women with a mean age of 29.6 years (range 19–42 years). The mean time from injury to surgery was 9.7 weeks (range 6–16 weeks). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture healing time, Harris scoring for hip function and complications were recorded to evaluate treatment effects. Results: The mean operation time was 75.8 min (range 55–100 min) with mean intraoperative blood loss volume of 105 mL (range 70–220 mL). The mean time to union was 17 weeks (range 12–24 weeks). One patient did not achieve union, and two patients had avascular necrosis of the femoral head. This patient with nonunion underwent intertrochanteric osteotomy. In patients with avascular necrosis one required total hip arthroplasty, the other did not require intervention at the last followup. A total of 14 patients (70%) had excellent results, 2 (10%) had good, 1 (5%) had moderate and 3 (15%) had poor results. Conclusion: The modified DHS with autogenous

  11. 3D Computed Tomography Evaluation of Morphological Changes in the Femoral Tunnel After Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction With Hamstring Tendon Graft for Recurrent Patellar Dislocation.

    PubMed

    Kita, Keisuke; Tanaka, Yoshinari; Toritsuka, Yukiyoshi; Amano, Hiroshi; Uchida, Ryohei; Shiozaki, Yoshiki; Takao, Rikio; Horibe, Shuji

    2017-06-01

    Reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) for recurrent lateral patellar dislocation is gaining popularity. However, the morphological changes in the femoral tunnel after MPFL reconstruction are still not fully documented. This study used 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography to evaluate morphological changes in the femoral tunnel after MPFL reconstruction with hamstring tendon graft to investigate factors affecting the phenomenon and to elucidate whether it is associated with clinical outcomes. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Twenty-three patients with recurrent patellar dislocation were prospectively enrolled in this study. The patients included 6 males and 17 females with a mean age of 24 years (range, 14-53). The MPFL was reconstructed by creating 2 patellar bone sockets and 1 femoral bone socket anatomically under X-ray control, and the semitendinosus autograft was fixed with cortical suspension devices. Computed tomography scans obtained 3 weeks and 1 year after surgery were reconstructed into 3D constructs with a volume analyzer. Cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the aperture and inside the femoral tunnel were compared between the 2 time points. Likewise, the location of tunnel walls and center of the femoral tunnel footprint were evaluated. Relationships were assessed between femoral tunnel morphological changes and potential risk factors-such as age, body mass index, sex, femoral tunnel positioning, patellar height, sulcus angle, congruence angle, lateral tilt angle, degree of trochlear dysplasia, lateral deviation of the tibial tubercle, and Kujala score. No patient reported recurrence of patellar dislocation during the follow-up period. The CSA of the femoral tunnel aperture enlarged by 41.1% ± 34.7% ( P < .01). The center, anterior border, and proximal border of the femoral tunnel significantly shifted in the anterior direction ( P < .01). The distal border significantly shifted in both anterior and distal directions ( P < .01

  12. The Effect of Postoperative Corticosteroid Administration on Free Vascularized Fibular Grafting for Treating Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head

    PubMed Central

    Ding, Hao; Chen, Sheng-Bao; Lin, Sen; Gao, You-Shui; Zhang, Chang-Qing

    2013-01-01

    Free vascularized fibular grafting (FVFG) has been reported to be an effective method of treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). This study evaluated whether postoperative maintenance doses of corticosteroids had an adverse effect on FVFG outcomes in patients with corticosteroid-induced ONFH. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 39 patients (67 hips) who had received maintenance doses of corticosteroids following FVFG. This group was matched to a group of patients who had not received corticosteroids treatment after operation. The mean follow-up duration was 5.4 years for the postoperative corticosteroid administration group (PCA group) and 5.0 years for the control group. At the latest follow-up, the average increase in Harris hip score was 11.1 ± 8.7 points for all hips in the PCA group and 12.6 ± 7.4 points for all hips in the control group (P > 0.05). In the PCA group, through radiographic evaluation, 49 hips were improved, 10 hips appeared unchanged, and 8 hips appeared worse. In the control group, 47 hips were improved, 13 hips appeared unchanged, and 7 hips appeared worse. The results suggested that postoperative maintenance doses of corticosteroids do not have an adverse effect on FVFG outcomes in patients with corticosteroid-induced ONFH. PMID:24324377

  13. Following-up changes in red blood cell deformability and membrane stability in the presence of PTFE graft implanted into the femoral artery in a canine model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toth, Csaba; Kiss, Ferenc; Klarik, Zoltan; Gergely, Eszter; Toth, Eniko; Peto, Katalin; Vanyolos, Erzsebet; Miko, Iren; Nemeth, Norbert

    2014-05-01

    It is known that a moderate mechanical stress can even improve the red blood cells' (RBC) micro-rheological characteristics, however, a more significant stress causes deterioration in the deformability. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of the presence of artificial graft on the RBC deformability and membrane stability in beagles. In the Control group only anesthesia was induced and in the postoperative (p.o.) period blood samplings were carried out. In the Grafted group under general anesthesia, the left femoral artery was isolated, from which a 3.5 cm segment was resected and a PTFE graft (O.D.: 3 mm) of equal in length was implanted into the gap. On the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th and 14th p.o. days blood was collected the cephalic veins and RBC deformability was determined ektacytometry (LoRRca MaxSis Osmoscan). Membrane stability test consisted of two deformability measurements before and after the cells were being exposed to mechanical stress (60 or 100 Pa for 300 seconds). Compared to the Control group and the baseline values the red blood cell deformability showed significant deterioration on the 3rd, 5th and mainly on the 7th postoperative day after the graft implantation. The membrane stability of erythrocyte revealed marked inter-group difference on the 3rd, 5th and 7th day: in the Grafted group the deformability decreased and during the membrane stability test smaller difference was observed between the states before and after shearing. We concluded that the presence of a PTFE graft in the femoral artery may cause changes in RBC deformability in the first p.o. week. RBC membrane stability investigation shows a lower elongation index profile for the grafted group and a narrowed alteration in the deformability curves due to mechanical stress.

  14. Impact of solvent selection on graft polymerization of acrylamide onto starch

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The impact on polymer properties [molecular weight, monomer conversion, graft content, graft efficiency and anhydroglucose units between grafts (AGU/graft)] that result from changing the solvent for the graft co-polymerization of acrylamide onto starch from water to dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) was eval...

  15. Stent-Graft Placement with Early Debridement and Antibiotic Treatment for Femoral Pseudoaneurysms in Intravenous Drug Addicts

    SciTech Connect

    Fu, Qining Meng, Xiyun Li, Fenghe Wang, Xuehu Cheng, Jun Huang, Wen Ren, Wei Zhao, Yu

    2015-06-15

    PurposeExplore the application of endovascular covered stent-graft (SG) placement in femoral pseudoaneurysms in intravenous drug addicts.Materials and MethodsWe evaluated a consecutive series of pseudoaneurysm in intravenous drug addicts treated with SGs from August 2010 to December 2013.Results15 patients with 16 arterial pseudoaneurysms were enrolled in this study. All were males with a mean age of 36.9 years. Hemorrhage was the most common reason (93.8 %) for seeking medical care, and 3 of these patients were in hemorrhagic shock at admission. All patients received broad-spectrum antibiotics, and debridement and drainage were implemented after SG placement. 7 of the 13 cases which had microbiologic results showed mixed infections, while gram-negative bacteria were the major pathogens. Except for 2 patients, who were lost to follow-up, two new pseudoaneurysms formed due to delayed debridement, and one stent thrombosis occurred, none of the remaining cases had SG infection or developed claudication.ConclusionsSG placement controls massive hemorrhage rapidly, gives enough time for subsequent treatment for pseudoaneurysms due to intravenous drug abuse, and reduces the incidence of postoperative claudication. With appropriate broad-spectrum antibiotics and early debridement, the incidence of SG infection is relatively low. It is an effective alternative especially as temporary bridge measure for critical patients. However, the high cost, uncertain long-term prospects, high demand for medical adherence, and the risk of using the conduits for re-puncture call for a cautious selection of patients. More evidence is required for the application of this treatment.

  16. Cancellous impaction grafting in the human femur: histological and radiographic observations in 6 autopsy femurs and 8 biopsies.

    PubMed

    Linder, L

    2000-12-01

    6 whole postmortem femurs and 8 femoral biopsies were studied histologically, 3 months to 8 years after cancellous impaction grafting with a cemented stem for aseptic loosening. All stems were stable. Radiographs showed cortical healing in 5 cases, trabecular remodelling in 1, and trabecular incorporation in 9. There was a radiolucent line in 1 case. The histology varied. There was always a viable cortical shell around the grafted area. 1 patient showed complete bony restitution. The others still had varying amounts of remaining graft in the neo-medullary cavity, even after 8 years. The graft particles were usually embedded in dense fibrous tissue, thus forming a supporting composite tissue capable of carrying load. There was no time-dependent deterioration in the histological appearance. Radiographically, cortical healing and trabecular remodeling corresponded to viable bone. The lack of a radiolucent line said little about the viability of the tissue closest to the cement. The radiographs did not detect thin soft tissue membranes. Radiographic criteria used to assess primary total joint replacement do not necessarily apply to impaction grafting, and radiographic changes should be interpreted cautiously, especially as regards tissue viability.

  17. Combined radial-tibial access strategy and radial-tibial reverse CART in a patient with aortobifemoral graft and complex superficial femoral artery occlusion.

    PubMed

    Hanna, Elias B; Prout, Davey L

    2017-09-01

    We present the case of a patient with a history of aortobifemoral grafting who presented with left lower extremity ischemic rest pain. Aortofemoral angiography was performed through a left radial access and showed a long, calcified total occlusion of the left superficial femoral artery (SFA) and a subtotal popliteal occlusion. The popliteal artery and SFA were crossed retrogradely through a 4-Fr anterior tibial access; the retrograde devices went subintimally and did not reenter at the common femoral level. Subsequently, the radial access was used for antegrade subintimal crossing and dilatation of the SFA, which allowed reentry of the retrograde devices (radial-tibial reverse controlled antegrade-retrograde tracking [CART]). The SFA was then successfully treated retrogradely with orbital atherectomy and drug-coated balloon angioplasty, through a 4-Fr equivalent tibial sheath. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Two-stage Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) graft implantation technique that avoids the use of a femoral bridging dialysis catheter.

    PubMed

    Yoon, William J; Lorelli, David R

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to report a novel two-stage Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) graft implantation technique that avoids the use of a femoral bridging hemodialysis catheter in internal jugular vein (IJV) catheter-dependent patients with contralateral central venous occlusion. The first stage is to implant the ePTFE component and consists of: 1) performing two to three incisions in the upper arm ipsilateral to the preexisting IJV catheter, 2) tunneling the expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) component through these incision sites, and 3) placing the ePTFE component in the subcutaneous tissue without anastomosing it to the target artery. The preexisting IJV catheter is maintained to provide continuous dialysis access. The second stage is initiated in 4 weeks and includes: 1) thrombectomy and anastomosing the ePTFE component arterial end to the target artery, 2) insertion of the venous outflow component using the preexisting IJV catheter access site, and 3) connecting the venous outflow component to the ePTFE component in the standard fashion. The HeRO graft was successfully implanted in two stages without using a femoral bridging catheter. Immediate postimplant cannulatabilty was achieved upon completion of the second stage procedure. This novel two-stage HeRO implantation technique is simple, yet allows immediate cannulation upon completion of the second stage procedure while avoiding the need of a femoral bridging catheter in IJV catheter- dependent patients with contralateral central venous occlusion, and thus lowering the risk of infection related to a femoral bridging catheter.

  19. Mandibular vestibuloplasty and gingival grafts using impacted posts.

    PubMed

    Bousquet, P; Montal, S; Gibert, P

    1997-01-01

    In the presence of an atrophic endentulous mandible, the stability of the mandibular denture is related to the quality of the osteomucosal support and the muscles surrounding it. A new procedure for vestibuloplasty is described that combines a periosteal flap and a gingival graft. Titanium impacted posts are used for fixation and the stabilization of the flap and graft. This clinical report presents the results for 12 patients. Clinical appraisal indicates that the technique appears to improve the anteroposterior stability of the mandibular denture, increasing the attached mucosa and offering better long-term results. The management of the gingival and muscular environment can improve the peri-implant area.

  20. Subchondral Impaction Fractures of the Medial Femoral Condyle in Weightlifters: A Report of 5 Cases.

    PubMed

    Grzelak, Piotr; Podgórski, Michał Tomasz; Stefańczyk, Ludomir; Krochmalski, Marek; Domżalski, Marcin

    2016-01-01

    Although subchondral impaction fractures have already been reported in the non-weight-bearing portion of the lateral femoral condyle, this study reveals the presence of an intra-articular impaction fracture of the postero-superior region of the non-weight-bearing portion of the medial femoral condyle recognized in 5 of a group of 22 representatives of the Polish national Olympic weightlifting team, who underwent 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging examination. Articular cartilage lesions varied with regard to the type of injury and its severity ranging from healed or subchronic injuries to acute trauma. All described individuals had no clinical history of acute knee trauma and only 3 of them had minor pain symptoms. The accumulation of microtraumas occurring during participation in particular activities associated with weightlifting training seems to be responsible for the development of this type of contusion. This is the first description of impaction fracture observed in this location in professional weightlifters.

  1. Impaction allograft with cement for the revision of the femoral component. A minimum 39-month follow-up study with the use of the Exeter stem in Asian hips

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Min-Young; Suh, Yoo-Sung

    2006-01-01

    We report the results of impaction bone grafting of the femoral side in revision total hip arthroplasty in Asian hips (South Korean patients) in which the surgery was performed with the use of the Exeter stem. The minimum follow-up was 39 months (mean, 48.4; range, 39–66). There was subsidence of the cement-graft interface (<1 mm) in three hips (5%), of the stem-cement interface (<1 mm) in 12 hips (21%) and of the stem-cement interface (1–2 mm) in 14 hips (25%). Five hips (9%) developed intraoperative femoral fracture and two hips (4%) femoral perforation in revision. The complications of femoral fracture and subsidence did not have an adverse effect on the final clinical outcomes. The impaction of fresh-frozen allograft and use of a cemented, polished, tapered stem (Exeter stem) were also successful with good clinical and radiographic outcomes in our study of Asian hips (South Korean patients). However, we used smaller stems than the usual ones used for Western patients because of the smaller femur sizes. PMID:16964487

  2. Effect of lateral meniscectomy and osteochondral grafting of a lateral femoral condylar defect on contact mechanics: a cadaveric study in dogs

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Osteochondral autograft transfer (OAT) aims at restoring normal articular cartilage surface geometry and articular contact mechanics. To date, no studies have evaluated the contact mechanics of the canine stifle following OAT. Additionally, there are no studies that evaluated the role of the meniscus in contact mechanics following OAT in human or canine femorotibial joints. The objective of this study was to measure the changes in femorotibial contact areas (CA), mean contact pressure (MCP) and peak contact pressure (PCP) before and after osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) of a simulated lateral femoral condylar cartilage defect with an intact lateral meniscus and following lateral meniscectomy. Results With an intact lateral meniscus, creation of an osteochondral defect caused a decrease in MCP and PCP by 11% and 30%, respectively, compared to the intact stifle (p < 0.01). With an intact meniscus, implanting an osteochondral graft restored MCP and PCP to 96% (p = 0.56) and 92% (p = 0.41) of the control values. Lateral meniscectomy with grafting decreased CA by 54% and increased PCP by 79% compared to the intact stifle (p < 0.01). Conclusions OAT restored contact pressures in stifles with a simulated lateral condylar defect when the meniscus was intact. The lateral meniscus has a significant role in maintaining normal contact pressures in both stifles with a defect or following OAT. Meniscectomy should be avoided when a femoral condylar defect is present and when performing OAT. PMID:23522348

  3. In vivo evaluation of femoral and tibial graft tunnel placement following all-inside arthroscopic tibial inlay reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament.

    PubMed

    Osti, Michael; Krawinkel, Alessa; Benedetto, Karl Peter

    2014-12-01

    The arthroscopic all-inside tibial inlay technique represents a novel procedure for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. However, in vivo investigations that evaluate the accuracy of this technique regarding anatomic graft tunnel placement are few. The objective of this study was to analyse the femoral and tibial tunnel apertures using computed tomography (CT) and compare these findings to recommendations in the literature. CT scans were obtained in 45 patients following single-bundle PCL reconstruction. The centres of the tibial and femoral tunnel apertures were correlated to measurement grid systems used as a radiographic reference. The centre of the femoral tunnel aperture was located at 42.9% ± 9.4% of the total intercondylar depth and at 12.9% ± 7.2% of the total intercondylar height. The angle α for the femoral tunnel position was measured at 64.2° ± 10.0°. The centre of the tibial tunnel aperture was found at 51.8% ± 4.1% of the total mediolateral diameter of the tibial plateau. The superoinferior distance of the tibial tunnel aperture to the joint line was 9.6 mm ± 4.4 mm on frontal and 9.3 mm ± 3.4 mm on sagittal 3D-CT scans. The distance of the tibial tunnel aperture to the former physis line averaged to 0.8 mm ± 3.4 mm. Comparison to the corresponding reference values revealed no statistically significant difference. Arthroscopic tibial inlay reconstruction is an efficient procedure for precise replication of the anatomical footprint of the PCL. IV, prospective case series. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. ANALYSIS OF THE SEGMENTAL IMPACTION OF FEMORAL HEAD FOLLOWING AN ACETABULAR FRACTURE SURGICALLY MANAGED

    PubMed Central

    Guimarães, Rodrigo Pereira; Kaleka, Camila Cohen; Cohen, Carina; Daniachi, Daniel; Keiske Ono, Nelson; Honda, Emerson Kiyoshi; Polesello, Giancarlo Cavalli; Riccioli, Walter

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Correlate the postoperative radiographic evaluation with variables accompanying acetabular fractures in order to determine the predictive factors for segmental impaction of femoral head. Methods: Retrospective analysis of medial files of patients submitted to open reduction surgery with internal acetabular fixation. Within approximately 35 years, 596 patients were treated for acetabular fractures; 267 were followed up for at least two years. The others were excluded either because their follow up was shorter than the minimum time, or as a result of the lack of sufficient data reported on files, or because they had been submitted to non-surgical treatment. The patients were followed up by one of three surgeons of the group using the Merle d'Aubigné and Postel clinical scales as well as radiological studies. Results: Only tow studied variables-age and amount of postoperative reductionshowed statistically significant correlation with femoral head impaction. Conclusions: The quality of reduction-anatomical or with up to 2mm residual deviation-presents a good radiographic evolution, reducing the potential for segmental impaction of the femoral head, a statistically significant finding. PMID:27004191

  5. Expanding the utility of modified vascularized femoral periosteal bone-flaps: An analysis of its form and a comparison with a conventional-bone-graft

    PubMed Central

    Hamada, Yoshitaka; Hibino, Naohito; Kobayashi, Anna

    2014-01-01

    Background Vascularized medial femoral condyle (MFC) corticoperiosteal bone-flap is a well-accepted technique when dealing with tissue defects or infection. Its role in refractory conditions and in the possible use for options concerning modifications of this bone-flap compared to a conventional iliac bone graft (conventional-graft) are rarely discussed. Methods We reviewed 21 consecutive cases concerning alternatives with some modifications of original MFC bone-flap surgery used to treat refractory conditions with bone defects, necrosis, or infection in the extremities. We present our devised approaches for this boneflap, and especially modifications of the grafted bone (including strut bone, perforator to the vastus medialis muscle, and the use of one vascular pedicle for some bone flaps) as well as the combined use of artificial bone as hybrid bone transplantation. We also compared the clinical results of 21 cases that received a conventional-graft. Results and Conclusions Following flap placement, 100% of the nonunion sites healed in an average of 2 months, which was significantly shorter than 5.5 months for the conventional-graft. The results showed the expanding possibility for options with regard to the form and options of this bone-flap as well as the shortening the duration of treatment, especially at the site of an infected distal tibia, insertion of the Achilles tendon on the posterior aspect of calcaneal osteomyelitis, distal end of the clavicle, clavicle or forearm with a bone defect, small bones with refractory conditions, and a femur without implant failure. However, it was not efficient for treating a forearm without bone defect. PMID:25983463

  6. Evaluation of rhBMP-2/collagen/TCP-HA bone graft with and without bone marrow cells in the canine femoral multi defect model.

    PubMed

    Luangphakdy, V; Shinohara, K; Pan, H; Boehm, C; Samaranska, A; Muschler, G F

    2015-01-12

    Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2, when applied to an absorbable type 1 bovine collagen sponge (rhBMP-2/ACS) is an effective therapy in many bone grafting settings. Bone marrow aspirate (BMA) has also been used as a source of transplantable osteogenic connective tissue progenitors. This study was designed to characterize the performance of a scaffold comprising rhBMP-2/ACS in which the sponge wraps around tri-calcium phosphate hydroxyapatite granules (rhBMP-2/ACS/TCP-HA) and to test the hypothesis that addition of BMA will improve the performance of this construct in the Canine Femoral Multi Defect Model. In each subject, two sites were grafted with rhBMP-2/ACS/TCP-HA scaffold loaded with BMA clot and two other sites with rhBMP-2/ACS/TCP-HA scaffold loaded with wound blood (WB). After correction for unresorbed TCP-HA granules, sites grafted with rhBMP-2/ACS/TCP-HA+BMA and rhBMP-2/ACS/TCP-HA+WB were similar, with mean percent bone volumes of 10.9 %±1.2 and 11.2 %±1.2, respectively. No differences were seen in quantitative histomorphometry. While bone formation using both constructs was robust, this study did not support the hypothesis that the addition of unprocessed bone marrow aspirate clot improved bone regeneration in a site engrafted with rhBMP-2/ACS/TCP-HA+BMA. In contrast to prior studies using this model, new bone formation was greater at the center of the defect where TCP-HA was distributed. This finding suggests a potential synergy between rhBMP-2 and the centrally placed ceramic and cellular components of the graft construct. Further optimization may also require more uniform distribution of TCP-HA, alternative cell delivery strategies, and a more rigorous large animal segmental defect model.

  7. An Exploratory Clinical Trial for Idiopathic Osteonecrosis of Femoral Head by Cultured Autologous Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Augmented with Vascularized Bone Grafts

    PubMed Central

    Aoyama, Tomoki; Goto, Koji; Kakinoki, Ryosuke; Ikeguchi, Ryosuke; Ueda, Michiko; Kasai, Yasunari; Maekawa, Taira; Tada, Harue; Teramukai, Satoshi; Nakamura, Takashi

    2014-01-01

    Idiopathic osteonecrosis of femoral head (ION) is a painful disorder that progresses to collapse of the femoral head and destruction of the hip joint. Although its precise pathology remains unknown, the loss of blood supply causing the loss of living bone-forming cells is a hallmark of the pathophysiology of osteonecrosis. Transplantation of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) is a promising tool for regenerating the musculoskeletal system. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of transplantation of cultured autologous bone marrow-derived MSCs mixed with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) in combination with vascularized bone grafts for the treatment of advanced stage ION in a clinical trial. Ten patients with stage 3 ION were enrolled in this study. Autologous bone marrow-derived MSCs were cultured with autologous serum, and cells (0.5–1.0×108) were transplanted after mixing with β-TCP granules in combination with vascularized iliac bone grafts. Patients were assessed 24 months after treatment. The primary and secondary endpoints were progression of the radiological stage and changes in bone volume at the femoral head, and clinical score, respectively. Nine of ten patients completed the protocol, seven of whom remained at stage 3, and the remaining two cases progressed to stage 4. The average bone volume increased from 56.5±8.5 cm3 to 57.7±10.6 cm3. The average clinical score according to the Japan Orthopaedic Association improved from 65.6±25.5 points to 87.9±19.0 points. One severe adverse event was observed, which was not related to the clinical trial. Although the efficacy of cell transplantation was still to be determined, all procedures were successfully performed and some young patients with extensive necrotic lesions with pain demonstrated good bone regeneration with amelioration of symptoms. Further improvements in our method using MSCs and the proper selection of patients will open a new approach for the

  8. Rehabilitation program after mesenchymal stromal cell transplantation augmented by vascularized bone grafts for idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head: a preliminary study.

    PubMed

    Aoyama, Tomoki; Fujita, Yasuko; Madoba, Katsuyuki; Nankaku, Manabu; Yamada, Minoru; Tomita, Motoko; Goto, Koji; Ikeguchi, Ryosuke; Kakinoki, Ryosuke; Matsuda, Shuichi; Nakamura, Takashi; Toguchida, Junya

    2015-03-01

    To determine the feasibility and safety of implementing a 12-week rehabilitation program after mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) transplantation augmented by vascularized bone grafting for idiopathic osteonecrosis (ION) of the femoral head. A prospective case series. University clinical research laboratory. Participants (N=10) with ION who received MSC transplantation augmented by vascularized bone grafting. A 12-week exercise program, which included range-of-motion (ROM) exercises, muscle-strengthening exercises, and aerobic training. Measures of ROM, muscle strength, Timed Up and Go test, and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) were collected before surgery and again at 6 and 12 months after surgery. All participants completed the 12-week program. External rotation ROM as well as extensor and abductor muscle strength significantly improved 6 months after treatment compared with that before treatment (P<.05). Significant improvements were also seen in physical function, role physical, and bodily pain subgroup scores of the SF-36 (P<.05). No serious adverse events occurred. This study demonstrates the feasibility and safety of a multiplex rehabilitation program after MSC transplantation and provides support for further study on the benefits of rehabilitation programs in regenerative medicine. Copyright © 2015 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Autologous Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Associated with Tantalum Rod Implantation and Vascularized Iliac Grafting for the Treatment of End-Stage Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Dewei; Liu, Baoyi; Wang, Benjie; Yang, Lei; Xie, Hui; Huang, Shibo; Zhang, Yao; Wei, Xiaowei

    2015-01-01

    Tantalum rod implantation with vascularized iliac grafting has been reported to be an effective method for the treatment of young patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) to avert the need for total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, there have been unsatisfactory success rates for end-stage ONFH. The authors describe a modified technique using bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) associated with porous tantalum rod implantation combined with vascularized iliac grafting for the treatment of end-stage ONFH. A total of 24 patients (31 hips) with end-stage ONFH were treated with surgery; ARCO IIIc stage was observed in 19 hips and ARCO IV stage was observed in 12 hips. All patients were followed for a mean time of 64.35 ± 13.03 months (range 26–78). Operations on only five hips were converted to THA. The joint-preserving success rate of the entire group was 89.47% for ARCO stage IIIc and 75% for ARCO stage IV. The mean Harris hip score of the 31 hips improved significantly from 38.74 ± 5.88 points (range 22–50) to 77.23 ± 14.75 points (range 33–95). This intervention was safe and effective in delaying or avoiding total hip replacement for end-stage ONFH. PMID:25802840

  10. Autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells associated with tantalum rod implantation and vascularized iliac grafting for the treatment of end-stage osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Dewei; Liu, Baoyi; Wang, Benjie; Yang, Lei; Xie, Hui; Huang, Shibo; Zhang, Yao; Wei, Xiaowei

    2015-01-01

    Tantalum rod implantation with vascularized iliac grafting has been reported to be an effective method for the treatment of young patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) to avert the need for total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, there have been unsatisfactory success rates for end-stage ONFH. The authors describe a modified technique using bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) associated with porous tantalum rod implantation combined with vascularized iliac grafting for the treatment of end-stage ONFH. A total of 24 patients (31 hips) with end-stage ONFH were treated with surgery; ARCO IIIc stage was observed in 19 hips and ARCO IV stage was observed in 12 hips. All patients were followed for a mean time of 64.35 ± 13.03 months (range 26-78). Operations on only five hips were converted to THA. The joint-preserving success rate of the entire group was 89.47% for ARCO stage IIIc and 75% for ARCO stage IV. The mean Harris hip score of the 31 hips improved significantly from 38.74 ± 5.88 points (range 22-50) to 77.23 ± 14.75 points (range 33-95). This intervention was safe and effective in delaying or avoiding total hip replacement for end-stage ONFH.

  11. Revision of the acetabular component without cement after a previous acetabular reconstruction with use of a bulk femoral head graft in patients who had congenital dislocation or dysplasia. A follow-up note.

    PubMed

    Bal, B S; Maurer, T; Harris, W H

    1999-12-01

    Revision of an acetabular component that has failed after a total hip arthroplasty in which a bulk femoral head autogenous graft or allograft was used as a structural graft for acetabular reconstruction is an uncommon but complex and challenging procedure. We previously reported the results for seventy hips at an average of 16.5 years after a total hip arthroplasty in which an acetabular reconstruction had been performed with a femoral head graft. In the present study, we evaluated a subset of nine hips from that series that had a subsequent revision of the acetabular component without cement. The purpose of the current study was to assess the usefulness of the bone graft in this revision. The nine patients (nine hips) were followed clinically and radiographically for an average of seventy-six months (range, sixty-one to 114 months) after the index revision. In six hips the autogenous femoral head graft previously had been bolted to the lateral side of the ilium, and in one hip the femoral head allograft had been affixed in this manner. In the two remaining hips, the allograft had been placed within the acetabulum. The hips were classified according to the extent of acetabular bone loss, with use of criteria described previously. Three hips had stage-I bone loss; four, stage-II; and two, stage-IIB. A porous-coated hemispherical acetabular component was inserted without cement and fixed with screws in each hip. At least 70 percent of the porous coating was in contact with viable bone. At the time of the latest follow-up after the index revision, all nine acetabular components were functioning well without loosening or osteolysis and none had been revised. The average Harris hip score was 77 points (range, 61 to 98 points) compared with 49 points (range, 27 to 96 points) preoperatively. One hip had had revision of the femoral stem, and another had had exchange of the acetabular liner because of recurrent dislocations. There was no additional resorption of the

  12. Femoral impaction bone allografting with an Exeter cemented collarless, polished, tapered stem in revision hip replacement: a mean follow-up of 10.5 years.

    PubMed

    Wraighte, P J; Howard, P W

    2008-08-01

    Femoral impaction bone allografting has been developed as a means of restoring bone stock in revision total hip replacement. We report the results of 75 consecutive patients (75 hips) with a mean age of 68 years (35 to 87) who underwent impaction grafting using the Exeter collarless, polished, tapered femoral stem between 1992 and 1998. The mean follow-up period was 10.5 years (6.3 to 14.1). The median pre-operative bone defect score was 3 (interquartile range (IQR) 2 to 3) using the Endo-Klinik classification. The median subsidence at one year post-operatively was 2 mm (IQR 1 to 3). At the final review the median Harris hip score was 80.6 (IQR 67.6 to 88.9) and the median subsidence 2 mm (IQR 1 to 4). Incorporation of the allograft into trabecular bone and secondary remodelling were noted radiologically at the final follow-up in 87% (393 of 452 zones) and 40% (181 of 452 zones), respectively. Subsidence of the Exeter stem correlated with the pre-operative Endo-Klinik bone loss score (p = 0.037). The degree of subsidence at one year had a strong association with long-term subsidence (p < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between previous revision surgery and a poor Harris Hip score (p = 0.028), and those who had undergone previous revision surgery for infection had a higher risk of complications (p = 0.048). Survivorship at 10.5 years with any further femoral operation as the end-point was 92% (95% confidence interval 82 to 97).

  13. The Exeter method-acetabular impaction grafting with cemented reimplantation.

    PubMed

    Petheram, T G; Howell, J R

    2014-04-01

    Restoration of acetabular anatomy and biomechanics at revision hip surgery by replacing deficient acetabular bone through impaction of allograft and/or autograft bone chips. Aseptic loosening of the socket due to osteolysis, bone loss from infection, iatrogenic bone loss due to implant removal, and in the primary setting protrusio acetabuli, dysplasia and previous acetabular fracture. Large segmental peripheral acetabular defects which cannot be contained, the presence of untreated infection, unstable acetabular fractures, previous radiotherapy to the affected hip area. Sound exposure of the acetabulum with delineation of the bony defect. Creation of a host environment suitable for bone graft and containment of segmental defects using rim mesh or porous augments. Impaction grafting using layered allograft or autograft bone chips of 0.8-1 cm(3), packed using hemispherical impactors, followed by cementing of a polyethylene acetabular component with pressurisation. Partial weight bearing 6 weeks, modified depending on level of containment and intra-operative findings. A successful and reproducible technique with survival up to 87 % at 20 years for aseptic loosening in the revision setting.

  14. The predictive effect of anatomic femoral and tibial graft tunnel placement in posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction on functional and radiological outcome.

    PubMed

    Osti, Michael; Hierzer, Doris; Krawinkel, Alessa; Hoffelner, Thomas; Benedetto, Karl Peter

    2015-06-01

    Biomechanical reports have advocated anatomic graft tunnel placement for reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) to restore knee joint stability and facilitate optimal functional outcome. However, in vivo investigations that correlate tunnel position to functional results are lacking so far. This study evaluates the anatomic accuracy of femoral and tibial tunnel apertures on postoperative computed tomography (CT) scans and compares these findings to subjective and objective clinical outcome parameters. After single-bundle PCL reconstruction, 29 patients were stratified into several subgroups according to the anatomic accuracy of femoral and tibial tunnel apertures measured on postoperative CT scans. A threshold value for the centres of the tunnel apertures was determined using a measurement grid system as a radiographic reference. To evaluate the functional and radiological results, visual analogue scale, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Tegner, Lysholm, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and osteoarthritis scores were obtained. Comparison between functional outcome and tunnel position yielded a statistically significant difference for subjective IKDC score and angle segment α and for objective stability and tunnel position P3 but no statistically significant difference with respect to intercondylar depth, intercondylar height and tibial tunnel position P2. No correlation was found between anatomic tunnel position and present or progressive osteoarthritis on follow-up. Of the patients, 72 % classified their result as excellent and good and 90 % would repeat surgical treatment. Despite a small sample size and subject to the threshold values we used, our data indicate a potentially minor effect of anatomic tunnel placement on midterm functional outcome following PCL reconstruction.

  15. Anti-Donor HLA Antibody Response After Pancreatic Islet Grafting: Characteristics, Risk Factors, and Impact on Graft Function.

    PubMed

    Pouliquen, E; Baltzinger, P; Lemle, A; Chen, C-C; Parissiadis, A; Borot, S; Frimat, L; Girerd, S; Berney, T; Lablanche, S; Benhamou, P Y; Morelon, E; Badet, L; Dubois, V; Kessler, L; Thaunat, O

    2017-02-01

    Pancreatic islet grafting restores endogenous insulin production in type 1 diabetic patients, but long-term outcomes remain disappointing as a result of immunological destruction of allogeneic islets. In solid organ transplantation, donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) are the first cause of organ failure. This retrospective multicentric study aimed at providing in-depth characterization of DSA response after pancreatic islet grafting, identifying the risk factor for DSA generation and determining the impact of DSA on graft function. Forty-two pancreatic islet graft recipients from the Groupe Rhin-Rhône-Alpes-Genève pour la Greffe d'Ilots de Langerhans consortium were enrolled. Pre- and postgrafting sera were screened for the presence of DSA and their ability to activate complement. Prevalence of DSA was 25% at 3 years postgrafting. The risk of sensitization increased steeply after immunosuppressive drug withdrawal. DSA repertoire diversity correlated with the number of HLA and eplet mismatches. DSA titer was significantly lower from that observed in solid organ transplantation. No detected DSA bound the complement fraction C3d. Finally, in contrast with solid organ transplantation, DSA did not seem to negatively affect pancreatic islet graft survival. This might be due to the low DSA titers, specific features of IgG limiting their ability to activate the complement and/or the lack of allogenic endothelial targets in pancreatic islet grafts.

  16. Role of Stent Grafts and Helical-Woven Bare-Metal Stents in the Superficial Femoral and Popliteal Arteries.

    PubMed

    Madassery, Sreekumar; Turba, Ulku C; Arslan, Bulent

    2016-06-01

    Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a devastating medical problem that may lead to significant life alterations for patients, from simply limiting their daily activities to potential loss of limbs and eventual demise. Superficial femoral and popliteal arteries are significantly common locations for PVD sequelae to present itself, and owing to their length and mobile nature, treatment of these segments are quite challenging. Indications for PVD treatment include lifestyle-limiting claudication that is not responding to medical management, ischemic rest pain, nonhealing ulcers, and lower extremity gangrene. There is a wide variety of treatment options that include medical management, interventional, and surgical techniques. Interventional techniques include plain old balloon angioplasty, cryoplasty, drug-coated balloon angioplasty, self-expanding bare-nitinol stents, self-expanding covered stents, self-expanding drug-eluding stents, and a number of atherectomy devices (ie, laser, rotational, orbital, and excisional). The scope of this article is to review indications, patient selection, and deployment techniques of Viabahn and Supera self-expanding stents. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Progression of a Fracture Site Impaction as a Prognostic Indicator of Impacted Femoral Neck Fracture Treated with Multiple Pinning

    PubMed Central

    Yoon, Pil Whan; Shin, Young Ho; Yoo, Jeong Joon; Yoon, Kang Sup

    2012-01-01

    Background We evaluated the clinical and radiologic results of impacted femoral neck fractures treated with multiple pinning and determined the influence of the progression of impaction at the fracture site on clinical outcome. Methods There were 34 patients with a mean age of 65.5 years. The mean follow-up period was 3.4 years. Progression of fracture site impaction was measured using an articulo-trochanteric distance index and the percentage decrease in the articulo-trochanteric distance index between follow-up intervals. The failure of treatment was clarified as non-union and avascular necrosis. Other characteristics of the patients, including mean waiting time for surgery, preoperative Singh index score, and body mass index, were also measured to evaluate the influence on the clinical outcome of surgery. Results There were 6 fractures which were not treated successfully (3 non-union, 8.8% and 3 avascular necrosis, 8.8%). The mean percentage decrease of the articulo-trochanteric distance index within the first 6 weeks after surgery was 4.5% in the successful group and 25.1% in the failure group (p < 0.001). There was also a significant mean percentage decrease in the articulo-trochanteric distance index between 6 weeks and 3 months (p < 0.001). Conclusions Primary stabilization with Knowles pins for impacted femoral neck fractures had a reasonable clinical outcome with low morbidity. Despite a significant difference of a mean percentage decrease in the articulo-trochanteric distance index between the successful group and the failure group, we could not verify it as a risk factor for failure of treatment because the odds ratio was not statistically significant. PMID:22379557

  18. Progression of a fracture site impaction as a prognostic indicator of impacted femoral neck fracture treated with multiple pinning.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Pil Whan; Shin, Young Ho; Yoo, Jeong Joon; Yoon, Kang Sup; Kim, Hee Joong

    2012-03-01

    We evaluated the clinical and radiologic results of impacted femoral neck fractures treated with multiple pinning and determined the influence of the progression of impaction at the fracture site on clinical outcome. There were 34 patients with a mean age of 65.5 years. The mean follow-up period was 3.4 years. Progression of fracture site impaction was measured using an articulo-trochanteric distance index and the percentage decrease in the articulo-trochanteric distance index between follow-up intervals. The failure of treatment was clarified as non-union and avascular necrosis. Other characteristics of the patients, including mean waiting time for surgery, preoperative Singh index score, and body mass index, were also measured to evaluate the influence on the clinical outcome of surgery. There were 6 fractures which were not treated successfully (3 non-union, 8.8% and 3 avascular necrosis, 8.8%). The mean percentage decrease of the articulo-trochanteric distance index within the first 6 weeks after surgery was 4.5% in the successful group and 25.1% in the failure group (p < 0.001). There was also a significant mean percentage decrease in the articulo-trochanteric distance index between 6 weeks and 3 months (p < 0.001). Primary stabilization with Knowles pins for impacted femoral neck fractures had a reasonable clinical outcome with low morbidity. Despite a significant difference of a mean percentage decrease in the articulo-trochanteric distance index between the successful group and the failure group, we could not verify it as a risk factor for failure of treatment because the odds ratio was not statistically significant.

  19. Impact of reaction conditions on grafting acrylamide onto starch

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    We have explored the radical initiated graft polymerization reaction of acrylamide onto starch where the solvent, concentration, temperature and reaction times were varied. We have found that the morphology of the resulting grafted polymer is dramatically different and is dependent on the reaction c...

  20. Impact of urinary tract infections on short-term kidney graft outcome.

    PubMed

    Bodro, M; Sanclemente, G; Lipperheide, I; Allali, M; Marco, F; Bosch, J; Cofan, F; Ricart, M J; Esforzado, N; Oppenheimer, F; Moreno, A; Cervera, C

    2015-12-01

    Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are frequent after renal transplantation, but their impact on short-term graft outcome is not well established. All kidney transplants performed between July 2003 and December 2010 were investigated to evaluate the impact of UTI on graft function at 1 year after transplantation. Of 867 patients who received a kidney transplant, 184 (21%) developed at least one episode of UTI, at a median of 18 days after transplantation. The prevalence of acute graft pyelonephritis (AGP) was 15%. The most frequent pathogens identified were Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 37% of which were considered to be multidrug-resistant strains. Thirty-eight patients (4%) lost their grafts, 225 patients (26%) had graft function impairment and the 1-year mortality rate was 3%; however, no patient died as a consequence of a UTI. Surgical re-intervention and the development of at least one episode of AGP were independently associated with 1-year graft function impairment. Moreover, the development of at least one episode of AGP was associated with graft loss at 1 year. Patients with AGP caused by a resistant strain had graft function impairment more frequently, although this difference did not reach statistical significance (53% vs. 36%, p 0.07). Neither asymptomatic bacteriuria nor acute uncomplicated UTI were associated with graft function impairment in multivariate analysis. To conclude, UTIs are frequent in kidney transplant recipients, especially in the early post-transplantation period. Although AGP was significantly associated with kidney graft function impairment and 1-year post-transplantation graft loss, lower UTIs did not affect graft function.

  1. Impact of secular trends on sex assessment evaluated through femoral dimensions of the Czech population.

    PubMed

    Guyomarc'h, Pierre; Velemínská, Jana; Sedlak, Petr; Dobisíková, Miluše; Švenkrtová, Iva; Brůžek, Jaroslav

    2016-05-01

    Human skeletal variability is influenced by several factors, including genetics, environment, and socio-cultural background. Forensic methods being traditionally based on targeted reference groups, it is recognized that they are population-specific. Additionally, secular trends highly impact on the skeletal morphology, but the effect of outdated methods on forensic cases is not yet well documented. This paper compares the sexual dimorphism of femoral dimensions in two samples from the Czech population separated by 60 years in time (Pachner and the Prague National Museum Collections). Significant secular trends are present within this short span in both sexes and for most of the seven tested linear variables. The consequence of secular trends on sex determination is tested with logistic regression, and a decrease in reliability is systematically observed when using the older Czech sample on the 20th century sample, whichever the set of variables included. A model based on a recent Croatian sample provides a higher reliability on contemporaneous Czech individuals. These results imply that above population specificity, temporal consistency may be a major criterion to fulfil when applying forensic anthropology identification methods.

  2. Impacts of triamcinolone acetonide on femoral head chondrocytic structures in lumbosacral plexus block.

    PubMed

    Wang, Dashou; Chen, Qian; Cai, Fengjun; Pan, Qi; Li, Xuesong; Wu, Qianming; Gan, Yong; Meng, Fei; Luo, Ping

    2017-05-01

    Objective: To investigate impacts of triamcinolone acetonide (TRI) on femoral head chondrocytic (FHC) structures when used for lumbosacral plexus block (LPB). Methods: A total of 32 6-month-old New Zealand white rabbits were selected (averagely weighing 2.75-3.25 kg) and added TRI into nerve block solution for LPB. The rabbit were randomly divided into four groups: group A1: 2.5 ml × 2 times, group A2 2.5 ml × 4 times, group B1 5 ml × 2 times, and group B2 5 ml × 4 times; the time interval among the injection was 5 days, and the structural changes of FHC were the observed using 50/100/200 light microscope; the modified Mankin pathological scoring was also performed for the evaluation. Results: There exhibited significant microscopic changes of FHC structures between the rabbits performed LPB and the normal rabbits, among which group B2 exhibited the most serious FHC damages, and the Mankin pathological score in group B2 was much higher than those in the other three groups, and the scores of the experimental group were higher than the control group. Conclusions: The addition of TRI in LPB can damage the FHC structures, and large-dose (5 ml/once) and long-course (four times) will result in more serious injuries.

  3. Sequential MRI Study of Graft Integrity and Signal Following Pediatric All-epiphyseal ACL Reconstruction: Does the “Sharp Turn” at the Socket of the Distal Femoral Aperture Matter?

    PubMed Central

    Tuca, Maria; Greditzer, Harry Gus; Gausden, Elizabeth Bishop; Uppstrom, Tyler J.; Potter, Hollis G.; Cordasco, Frank A.; Green, Daniel W.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: To analyze graft structure and signal with particular emphasis on the distal femoral socket aperture following all-epiphyseal ACLR using hamstring autografts with sequential MRI in skeletally immature athletes. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 23 skeletally immature patients who underwent ACLR by the same surgical team at a tertiary center during 2011-2013. Athletes had at least two follow-up MRIs, the first MRI 6-12 months after surgery and the second MRI >18 months, were included. Exclusion criteria included those athletes with inMRI follow-up (6) or with a failure of their reconstructions (1). All athletes were treated with an arthroscopic all-inside, all-epiphyseal ACLR, using hamstring autograft, secured with adjustable loop cortical buttons on both tibia and femur. MRI images were analyzed independently and blinded by an orthopaedic surgery fellow and a musculoskeletal radiology fellow. Using a GE Functional Analysis Software, the signal intensity (SI) of the graft was measured in 5 different locations: 1) femoral tunnel, 2) intra-articular proximal turn, 3) midsubstance, 4) intra-articular distal turn, and 5) tibial tunnel. Values were normalized to cortical bone density. The amount of perigraft scarring and synovitis was analyzed. An intraclass correlation coefficient was used to quantify inter-rater reliability, non-parametric Wilcoxon test for perigraft scarring and synovitis, one-way ANOVA to test if significant differences of SI were seen between the different graft locations, and a 2-tailed student t-test for SI changes from 1st to 2nd MRI. Results: The study included 16 patients (5 girls and 11 boys), with an average age at surgery of 11.9 years (range 10-15). The first follow-up MRI was on average at 8.4 months (range 6-12 months), while the 2nd MRI was on average 30.7 months (range 18-40) after surgery. Intra-class correlation coefficients were above 0.7 for all measurements, indicating an excellent concordance between observers

  4. The impact of proximal femoral morphology on failure strength with a mid-head resection short-stem hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Olsen, Michael; Al Saied, Mohamed; Morison, Zachary; Sellan, Michael; Waddell, James P; Schemitsch, Emil H

    2014-12-01

    Mid-head resection short-stem hip arthroplasty is a conservative alternative to conventional total hip replacement and addresses proximal fixation challenges in patients not suitable for hip resurfacing. It is unclear whether proximal femoral morphology impacts the ultimate failure load of mid-head resection implanted femurs, thus the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of native neck-shaft angle (NSA) and coronal implant alignment on proximal femoral strength. In total, 36 synthetic femurs with two different proximal femoral morphologies were utilized in this study. Of them, 18 femurs with a varus NSA of 120° and 18 femurs with a valgus NSA of 135° were each implanted with a mid-head resection prosthesis. Femurs within the two different femoral morphology groups were divided into three equal coronal implant alignment groups: 10° valgus, 10° varus or neutral alignment. Prepared femurs were tested for stiffness and to failure in axial compression. There was no significant difference in stiffness nor failure load between femurs implanted with valgus-, varus- or neutrally aligned implants in femurs with a NSA of 120° (p = 0.396, p = 0.111, respectively). Femurs implanted in valgus orientation were significantly stiffer and failed at significantly higher loads than those implanted in varus alignment in femurs with a NSA of 135° (p = 0.001, p = 0.007, respectively). A mid-head resection short-stem hip arthroplasty seems less sensitive to clinically relevant variations of coronal implant alignment and may be more forgiving upon implantation in some femoral morphologies, however, a relative valgus component alignment is recommended. © IMechE 2014.

  5. Graft pathology at the time of harvest: impact on long-term survival.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Shi-Min; Li, Yun; Ben, Yan Hong; Cheng, Xiao Feng; Li, Da Zhu; Li, De Min; Jing, Hua

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to present the graft pathology at the time of harvest and its impact on long-term survival. The remnants of the bypass grafts from 66 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease receiving a coronary artery bypass grafting were investigated pathologically, and pertinent predictive risk factors and survival were analyzed. Medial degenerative changes with or without intimal proliferation were present in 36.8%, 37.8% and 35.6% of left internal mammary artery (IMA), radial artery and saphenous vein grafts. There were 2 (3.0%) hospital deaths and 9 (14.1%) late deaths. Multinomial logistic regression revealed left IMA pathological changes, dyslipidemia, history of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty/stent deployment and Y-graft were significant predictive risk factors negatively influencing the patients' long-term survival. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the long-term survival of patients with left IMA pathological changes were significantly reduced compared with those without (74.1% vs. 91.4%, P=0.002); whereas no differences were noted in long-term survivals between patients with and without pathological changes of the radial arterial or saphenous vein grafts. Pathological changes may be seen in the bypass graft at the time of harvest. The subtle ultrastructural modifications and the expressions of vascular tone regulators might be responsible for late graft patency. The pathological changes of the left IMA at the time of harvest rather than those of the radial artery or saphenous vein graft affect significantly longterm survival. Non-traumatic maneuver of left IMA harvest, well-controlled dyslipidemia and avoidance of using composite grafts can be helpful in maintaining the architecture of the grafts.

  6. Graft pathology at the time of harvest: impact on long-term survival

    PubMed Central

    Yuan, Shi-Min; Li, Yun; Ben, Yan Hong; Cheng, Xiao Feng; Li, Da Zhu; Li, De Min; Jing, Hua

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study aims to present the graft pathology at the time of harvest and its impact on long-term survival. Methods The remnants of the bypass grafts from 66 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease receiving a coronary artery bypass grafting were investigated pathologically, and pertinent predictive risk factors and survival were analyzed. Results Medial degenerative changes with or without intimal proliferation were present in 36.8%, 37.8% and 35.6% of left internal mammary artery (IMA), radial artery and saphenous vein grafts. There were 2 (3.0%) hospital deaths and 9 (14.1%) late deaths. Multinomial logistic regression revealed left IMA pathological changes, dyslipidemia, history of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty/stent deployment and Y-graft were significant predictive risk factors negatively influencing the patients’ long-term survival. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the long-term survival of patients with left IMA pathological changes were significantly reduced compared with those without (74.1% vs. 91.4%, P=0.002); whereas no differences were noted in long-term survivals between patients with and without pathological changes of the radial arterial or saphenous vein grafts. Conclusion Pathological changes may be seen in the bypass graft at the time of harvest. The subtle ultrastructural modifications and the expressions of vascular tone regulators might be responsible for late graft patency. The pathological changes of the left IMA at the time of harvest rather than those of the radial artery or saphenous vein graft affect significantly longterm survival. Non-traumatic maneuver of left IMA harvest, well-controlled dyslipidemia and avoidance of using composite grafts can be helpful in maintaining the architecture of the grafts. PMID:25714207

  7. Carotid-Femoral Pulse Wave Velocity: Impact of Different Arterial Path Length Measurements

    PubMed Central

    Sugawara, Jun; Hayashi, Koichiro; Yokoi, Takashi; Tanaka, Hirofumi

    2009-01-01

    Background Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) is the most established index of arterial stiffness. Yet there is no consensus on the methodology in regard to the arterial path length measurements conducted on the body surface. Currently, it is not known to what extent the differences in the arterial path length measurements affect absolute PWV values. Methods Two hundred fifty apparently healthy adults (127 men and 123 women, 19-79 years) were studied. Carotid-femoral PWV was calculated using (1) the straight distance between carotid and femoral sites (PWVcar–fem), (2) the straight distance between suprasternal notch and femoral site minus carotid arterial length (PWV(ssn–fem)-(ssn–car)), (3) the straight distance between carotid and femoral sites minus carotid arterial length (PWV(car–fem)-(ssn–car)), and (4) the combined distance from carotid site to the umbilicus and from the umbilicus to femoral site minus carotid arterial length (PWV(ssn–umb–fem)-(ssn–car)). Results All the calculated PWV were significantly correlated with each other (r=0.966-0.995). PWV accounting for carotid arterial length were 16-31% lower than PWVcar–fem. PWVcar–fem value of 12 m/sec corresponded to 8.3 m/sec for PWV(ssn–fem)-(ssn–car), 10.0 m/sec for PWV(car–fem)-(ssn–car), and 8.9 m/sec for PWV(ssn–umb–fem)-(ssn–car). Conclusion Different body surface measurements used to estimate arterial path length would produce substantial variations in absolute PWV values. PMID:20396400

  8. Intraoperative impaction of total knee replacements: an explicit finite-element-analysis of principal stresses in ceramic vs. cobalt-chromium femoral components.

    PubMed

    Kluess, Daniel; Mittelmeier, Wolfram; Bader, Rainer

    2010-12-01

    In connection with technological advances in the manufacturing of medical ceramics, a newly developed ceramic femoral component was introduced in total knee arthroplasty. We generated an explicit finite-element-model to calculate the stresses developed under the highly dynamic intraoperative impaction with regard to cobalt-chromium and ceramic implant material as well as application of a silicone cover in order to reduce stress. The impaction was calculated with the hammer hitting the backside of the impactor at previously measured initial velocities. Subsequently the impactor, consisting of a steel handhold and a polyoxymethylene head, hit the femoral component. Instead of modelling femoral bone, the implant was mounted on four spring elements with spring constants previously determined in an experimental impaction model. The maximum principal stresses in the implants were evaluated at 8000 increments during the first 4 ms of impact. The ceramic implant showed principal stresses 10% to 48% higher than the cobalt chromium femoral component. The simulation of a 5mm thick silicone layer between the impactor and the femoral component showed a strong decrease of vibration resulting in a reduction of 54% to 68% of the maximum stress amounts. The calculated amounts of principal stress were beneath the ultimate bending strengths of each material. Based on the results, intraoperative fracture of femoral components in total knee replacement may not be caused solely by impaction, but also by contributing geometrical factors such as inadequate preparation of the distal femur. In order to minimize the influence of impaction related stress peaks we recommend limiting the velocity as well as the weight of the impaction hammer when inserting femoral components. The silicone cover seems to deliver a strong decrease of implant stress and should be considered in surgery technique in the future. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Effect of Impaction Sequence on Osteochondral Graft Damage: The Role of Repeated and Varying Loads

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Richard W.; Friel, Nicole A.; Williams, James M.; Cole, Brian J.; Wimmer, Markus A.

    2013-01-01

    Background Osteochondral autografts and allografts require mechanical force for proper graft placement into the defect site; however, impaction compromises the tissue. This study aimed to determine the effect of impaction force and number of hits to seat the graft on cartilage integrity. Hypothesis Under constant impulse conditions, higher impaction load magnitudes are more detrimental to cell viability, matrix integrity and collagen network organization and will result in proteoglycan loss and nitric oxide release. Study Design Controlled laboratory study Methods Osteochondral explants, harvested from fresh bovine trochleas, were exposed to a series of consistent impact loads delivered by a pneumatically driven device. Each plug received the same overall impulse of 7 Ns, reflecting the mean of 23 clinically inserted plugs. Impaction loads of 37.5N, 75N, 150N, and 300N were matched with 74, 37, 21, and 11 hits respectively. Following impaction, the plugs were harvested and cartilage was analyzed for cell viability, histology by safranin-o and picosirius red, and release of sulfated glycosaminoglycans and nitric oxide. Data were compared with non-impacted control. Results Impacted plugs had significantly lower cell viability than non-impacted plugs. A dose response relationship in loss of cell viability with respect to load magnitude was seen immediately and after 4 days but lost after 8 days. Histologic analysis revealed intact cartilage surface in all samples (loaded or control), with loaded samples showing alterations in birefringence. While the sulfated GAG release was similar across varying impaction loads, release of nitric oxide increased with increasing impaction magnitudes and time. Conclusions Impaction loading parameters have a direct effect on the time course of the viability of the cartilage in the graft tissue. Clinical Relevance Optimal loading parameters for surgical impaction of osteochondral grafts are those with lower load magnitudes and a greater

  10. [Voluminous bone graft harvesting of the femoral marrow cavity for autologous transplantation. An indication for the"Reamer-Irrigator-Aspirator-" (RIA-)technique].

    PubMed

    Kobbe, P; Tarkin, I S; Frink, M; Pape, H C

    2008-06-01

    Due to their excellent osteoinductive, osteogenetic, and osteoconductive properties, autologous bone grafts possess biomechanical advantages over synthetic bone substitutes. Furthermore, unlike cadaveric allografts and xenografts, they carry no risk of immunogenic response or transmission of infectious diseases. However, the limited availability of autologous bone grafts requires the use of the above-mentioned bone substitutes for management of large bone defects. The"Reamer-Irrigator-Aspirator-" (RIA-)technique may present an alternative method for harvesting a larger volume of autologous bone graft as compared with conventional harvesting procedures. We report on intramedullary reaming by the RIA technique to obtain autologous bone graft for a nonunion of the proximal femur. The contralateral femur was reamed and the bone graft was applied to the nonunion. The patient showed clinical and radiological healing of the nonunion without donor site complications.

  11. The use of a bioresorbable nano-crystalline hydroxyapatite paste in acetabular bone impaction grafting.

    PubMed

    Chris Arts, J J; Verdonschot, Nico; Schreurs, Berend W; Buma, Pieter

    2006-03-01

    Calcium phosphates such as TCP-HA granules are considered promising bone graft substitutes. In the future, they may completely replace allograft bone for impaction grafting procedures. Mechanically, acetabular reconstructions with TCP-HA granules show high stability, however this is partly caused by excessive cement penetration, which is unfavourable from a biological perspective. It has been hypothesised that mixtures of morselised cancellous bone grafts (MCB) and/or TCP-HA granules with a nano-crystalline hydroxyapatite paste (Ostim) may reduce cement penetration while maintaining adequate implant stability and biocompatibility of the graft mixture. To investigate this hypothesis, destructive lever-out tests and in vivo animal test were performed with various combinations of materials. Mechanically, the addition of 10% Ostim to mixtures of MCB and/or TCP-HA granules reduced cement penetration and resulted in a mechanical stability comparable to pure allograft (the current gold standard). Biologically, the application of Ostim with MCB or TCP-HA granules did not hamper the biocompatibility of the materials. Ostim was mostly osseous-integrated with MCB or TCP-HA granules after 8 weeks. Also, non-osseous-integrated Ostim remnants were observed. In tartrate resistant acid phosphatase stained sections, these few non-osseous integrated Ostim remnants were actively being resorbed by osteoclasts. In conclusion, Ostim HA-paste could be a valuable addition when TCP-HA ceramic granules are being used for acetabular bone impaction grafting procedures.

  12. Impact of reaction conditions on architecture and rheological properties of starch graft polyacrylamide polymers

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    We carried out experiments examining the impact that solvent selection and reaction conditions have on the radical initiated graft polymerization reaction of acrylamide onto starch. We have also evaluated the rheological properties the starch graftpolyacrylamide product when a gel is formed in water...

  13. Quantitative Impact of Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Vascular Closure Devices on the Femoral Artery after Repeat Cardiac Catheterization

    PubMed Central

    Tiroch, Klaus A.; Matheny, Michael E.; Resnic, Frederic S.

    2010-01-01

    Background We evaluated the exact quantitative long-term impact of repeated catheterizations, vascular closure devices (VCDs) and cardiovascular risk factors on the femoral artery after cardiac catheterization. Methods A total of 2,102 available femoral angiograms from 827 consecutive patients were analyzed using caliper-based quantitative vascular analysis (QVA). These patients underwent coronary interventions between 01/2005-04/2007, and had at least one additional catheterization procedure through the ipsilateral femoral access site from 12/2001 until 01/2008. Multivariate analysis was performed to control for confounding variables. The primary outcome was change in artery size. Results The average punctured artery diameter was 6.5mm±2.1mm. The average time between first case and last follow-up was 349 days. There was no significant change of the punctured artery size over time after the index procedure (P=0.15) and no change associated with the use of VCDs (P=0.25) after multivariate analysis. Smaller arteries were associated with female gender (−1.22mm, P<0.0001), presence of angiographic peripheral vascular disease (PVD, −1.19mm, P<0.0001), and current (−0.48mm, P=0.001) or former (−0.23mm, P=0.01) smoking status, while previous statin therapy was associated with an increase in artery size (+0.47mm, P<0.0001). VCDs were used less often compared to manual compression in cases preceding the first detection of angiographic PVD (P<0.001). Conclusion VCDs are not associated with a change in the artery size or progression of PVD. Overall, there is no change in vessel size over time after repeat catheterizations, with a decrease in vessel size associated with current and former smoking, and an increase with previous statin therapy. PMID:20102878

  14. Revision total hip arthroplasty: the femoral side using cemented implants.

    PubMed

    Holt, Graeme; Hook, Samantha; Hubble, Matthew

    2011-02-01

    Advances in surgical technique and implant technology have improved the ten-year survival after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Despite this, the number of revision procedures has been increasing in recent years, a trend which is predicted to continue into the future. Revision THA is a technically demanding procedure often complicated by a loss of host bone stock which may be compounded by the need to remove primary implants. Both cemented and uncemented implant designs are commonly used in the United Kingdom for primary and revision THA and much controversy still exists as to the ideal method of stem fixation. In this article we discuss revision of the femur using cemented components during revision THA. We focus on three clinical scenarios including femoral cement-in-cement revision where the primary femoral cement-bone interface remains well fixed, femoral cement-in-cement revision for peri-prosthetic femoral fractures, and femoral impaction grafting. We discuss the clinical indications, surgical techniques and clinical outcomes for each of these procedures.

  15. Revision total hip arthroplasty: the femoral side using cemented implants

    PubMed Central

    Hook, Samantha; Hubble, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    Advances in surgical technique and implant technology have improved the ten-year survival after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Despite this, the number of revision procedures has been increasing in recent years, a trend which is predicted to continue into the future. Revision THA is a technically demanding procedure often complicated by a loss of host bone stock which may be compounded by the need to remove primary implants. Both cemented and uncemented implant designs are commonly used in the United Kingdom for primary and revision THA and much controversy still exists as to the ideal method of stem fixation. In this article we discuss revision of the femur using cemented components during revision THA. We focus on three clinical scenarios including femoral cement-in-cement revision where the primary femoral cement-bone interface remains well fixed, femoral cement-in-cement revision for peri-prosthetic femoral fractures, and femoral impaction grafting. We discuss the clinical indications, surgical techniques and clinical outcomes for each of these procedures. PMID:21165618

  16. Efficient use of a limited resource femoral head allograft: A comparison of allograft preparation methods.

    PubMed

    Marshall, Timothy; Chow, Jason; Sivakumar, Brahman; Ahmed, Nushin; Smith, Paul

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare the yield and compressed volume of femoral head allograft prepared by either hand morselization or a bone mill. Twenty human femoral head allografts were donated from a bone bank and morselized by two different methods. The heads were divided in half and split into two sample groups. One group underwent hand morselization with large bone nibblers, while the other was prepared using a bone mill. The volume of graft produced was measured. Ten-gram aliquots of each sample then underwent 30 impactions in a contained cavity, with the volume of graft compression measured. Bone milling yielded approximately 31% more usable graft than hand morselization (81% to 50%; p = 0.0001). There was no difference between the compressed volume of graft prepared by either method ( p = 0.14). This study demonstrates the efficacy of preparation of allograft with a bone mill and assists the clinician in determining the yield of graft by the weight of femoral head, thereby potentially minimizing excessive ordering and wastage.

  17. The impact of uncertainty on shape optimization of idealized bypass graft models in unsteady flow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sankaran, Sethuraman; Marsden, Alison L.

    2010-12-01

    It is well known that the fluid mechanics of bypass grafts impacts biomechanical responses and is linked to intimal thickening and plaque deposition on the vessel wall. In spite of this, quantitative information about the fluid mechanics is not currently incorporated into surgical planning and bypass graft design. In this work, we use a derivative-free optimization technique for performing systematic design of bypass grafts. The optimization method is coupled to a three-dimensional pulsatile Navier-Stokes solver. We systematically account for inevitable uncertainties that arise in cardiovascular simulations, owing to noise in medical image data, variable physiologic conditions, and surgical implementation. Uncertainties in the simulation input parameters as well as shape design variables are accounted for using the adaptive stochastic collocation technique. The derivative-free optimization framework is coupled with a stochastic response surface technique to make the problem computationally tractable. Two idealized numerical examples, an end-to-side anastomosis, and a bypass graft around a stenosis, demonstrate that accounting for uncertainty significantly changes the optimal graft design. Results show that small changes in the design variables from their optimal values should be accounted for in surgical planning. Changes in the downstream (distal) graft angle resulted in greater sensitivity of the wall-shear stress compared to changes in the upstream (proximal) angle. The impact of cost function choice on the optimal solution was explored. Additionally, this work represents the first use of the stochastic surrogate management framework method for robust shape optimization in a fully three-dimensional unsteady Navier-Stokes design problem.

  18. Facial nerve reconstruction using a vascularized lateral femoral cutaneous nerve graft based on the superficial circumflex iliac artery system: an application of the inferolateral extension of the groin flap.

    PubMed

    Kashiwa, Katsuhiko; Kobayashi, Seiichiro; Nasu, Wakako; Kuroda, Takashi; Higuchi, Hirofumi

    2010-11-01

    The use of an inferolateral extension technique of a groin flap has previously been reported. This technique involves harvesting an extended portion from the anterolateral thigh, including the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) and its accompanying vessels, attached to a groin flap via communications between the LFCN-accompanying vessels and the superficial circumflex iliac artery (SCIA) system. In this study, we used this technique involving a vascularized LFCN combined with a groin flap to reconstruct a facial nerve defect. The patient was a 58-year-old man with a salivary duct carcinoma in the left parotid gland. Tumor ablation resulted in a defect of the skin and soft tissue including all branches of the facial nerve. A free groin flap was harvested based on the SCIA system, composed of the LFCN and a small monitoring flap, which were nourished by the LFCN-accompanying vessels and by communication with the SCIA system. The LFCN was transplanted into the gaps in the facial nerve branches as a cable graft, and the skin flap was used to cover and fill the soft tissue defect. The postoperative course was uneventful and satisfactory facial animation was obtained. This represents a possible technique for nerve reconstruction using a vascularized nerve graft. © Thieme Medical Publishers.

  19. The Impact of Lung Ventilation on Some Cytokines after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

    PubMed

    Toikkanen, V; Rinne, T; Nieminen, R; Moilanen, E; Laurikka, J; Porkkala, H; Tarkka, M; Mennander, A

    2017-03-01

    Cardiopulmonary bypass induces a systematic inflammatory response, which is partly understood by investigation of peripheral blood cytokine levels alone; the lungs may interfere with the net cytokine concentration. We investigated whether lung ventilation influences lung passage of some cytokines after coronary artery bypass grafting. In total, 47 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled, and 37 were randomized according to the ventilation technique: (1) No-ventilation group, with intubation tube detached from the ventilator; (2) low tidal volume group, with continuous low tidal volume ventilation; and (3) continuous 10 cm H2O positive airway pressure. Ten selected patients undergoing surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass served as a referral group. Representative pulmonary and radial artery blood samples were collected for the evaluation of calculated lung passage (pulmonary/radial artery) of the pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 6 and interleukin 8) and the anti-inflammatory interleukin 10 immediately after induction of anesthesia (T1), 1 h after restoring ventilation/return of flow in all grafts (T2), and 20 h after restoring ventilation/return of flow in all grafts (T3). Pulmonary/radial artery interleukin 6 and pulmonary/radial artery interleukin 8 ratios ( p = 0.001 and p = 0.05, respectively) decreased, while pulmonary/radial artery interleukin 10 ratio ( p = 0.001) increased in patients without cardiopulmonary bypass as compared with patients with cardiopulmonary bypass. The pulmonary/radial artery equation is an innovative means for the evaluation of cytokine lung passage after coronary artery bypass grafting. The mode of lung ventilation has no impact on some cytokines after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients treated with cardiopulmonary bypass.

  20. The use of femoral struts and impacted cancellous bone allograft in patients with severe femoral bone loss who undergo revision total hip replacement: a three- to nine-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Buttaro, M A; Costantini, J; Comba, F; Piccaluga, F

    2012-02-01

    We determined the midterm survival, incidence of peri-prosthetic fracture and the enhancement of the width of the femur when combining struts and impacted bone allografts in 24 patients (25 hips) with severe femoral bone loss who underwent revision hip surgery. The pre-operative diagnosis was aseptic loosening in 16 hips, second-stage reconstruction in seven, peri-prosthetic fracture in one and stem fracture in one hip. A total of 14 hips presented with an Endoklinik grade 4 defect and 11 hips a grade 3 defect. The mean pre-operative Merle D'Aubigné and Postel score was 5.5 points (1 to 8). The survivorship was 96% (95% confidence interval 72 to 98) at a mean of 54.5 months (36 to 109). The mean functional score was 17.3 points (16 to 18). One patient in which the strut did not completely bypass the femoral defect was further revised using a long cemented stem due to peri-prosthetic fracture at six months post-operatively. The mean subsidence of the stem was 1.6 mm (1 to 3). There was no evidence of osteolysis, resorption or radiolucencies during follow-up in any hip. Femoral width was enhanced by a mean of 41% (19% to 82%). A total of 24 hips had partial or complete bridging of the strut allografts. This combined biological method was associated with a favourable survivorship, a low incidence of peri-prosthetic fracture and enhancement of the width of the femur in revision total hip replacement in patients with severe proximal femoral bone loss.

  1. Treatment of neglected femoral neck fracture

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Anil K; Mukunth, R; Srivastava, Amit

    2015-01-01

    Intra-capsular femoral neck fractures are seen commonly in elderly people following a low energy trauma. Femoral neck fracture has a devastating effect on the blood supply of the femoral head, which is directly proportional to the severity of trauma and displacement of the fracture. Various authors have described a wide array of options for treatment of neglected/nonunion (NU) femoral neck fracture. There is lack of consensus in general, regarding the best option. This Instructional course article is an analysis of available treatment options used for neglected femoral neck fracture in the literature and attempt to suggest treatment guides for neglected femoral neck fracture. We conducted the “Pubmed” search with the keywords “NU femoral neck fracture and/or neglected femoral neck fracture, muscle-pedicle bone graft in femoral neck fracture, fibular graft in femoral neck fracture and valgus osteotomy in femoral neck fracture.” A total of 203 print articles were obtained as the search result. Thirty three articles were included in the analysis and were categorized into four subgroups based on treatment options. (a) treated by muscle-pedicle bone grafting (MPBG), (b) closed/open reduction internal fixation and fibular grafting (c) open reduction and internal fixation with valgus osteotomy, (d) miscellaneous procedures. The data was pooled from all groups for mean neglect, the type of study (prospective or retrospective), classification used, procedure performed, mean followup available, outcome, complications, and reoperation if any. The outcome of neglected femoral neck fracture depends on the duration of neglect, as the changes occurring in the fracture area and fracture fragments decides the need and type of biological stimulus required for fracture union. In stage I and stage II (Sandhu's staging) neglected femoral neck fracture osteosynthesis with open reduction and bone grafting with MPBG or Valgus Osteotomy achieves fracture union in almost 90% cases

  2. Effect of progressive high-impact exercise on femoral neck structural strength in postmenopausal women with mild knee osteoarthritis: a 12-month RCT.

    PubMed

    Multanen, J; Rantalainen, T; Kautiainen, H; Ahola, R; Jämsä, T; Nieminen, M T; Lammentausta, E; Häkkinen, A; Kiviranta, I; Heinonen, A

    2017-04-01

    It is uncertain whether subjects with mild knee osteoarthritis, and who may be at risk of osteoporosis, can exercise safely with the aim of improving hip bone strength. This RCT showed that participating in a high-impact exercise program improved femoral neck strength without any detrimental effects on knee cartilage composition. No previous studies have examined whether high-impact exercise can improve bone strength and articular cartilage quality in subjects with mild knee osteoarthritis. In this 12-month RCT, we assessed the effects of progressive high-impact exercise on femoral neck structural strength and biochemical composition of knee cartilage in postmenopausal women. Eighty postmenopausal women with mild knee radiographic osteoarthritis were randomly assigned into the exercise (n = 40) or control (n = 40) group. Femoral neck structural strength was assessed with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The knee cartilage region exposed to exercise loading was measured by the quantitative MRI techniques of T2 mapping and delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC). Also, an accelerometer-based body movement monitor was used to evaluate the total physical activity loading on the changes of femoral neck strength in all participants. Training effects on the outcome variables were estimated by the bootstrap analysis of covariance. A significant between-group difference in femoral neck bending strength in favor of the trainees was observed after the 12-month intervention (4.4%, p < 0.01). The change in femoral neck bending strength remained significant after adjusting for baseline value, age, height, and body mass (4.0%, p = 0.020). In all participants, the change in bending strength was associated with the total physical activity loading (r = 0.29, p = 0.012). The exercise participation had no effect on knee cartilage composition. The high-impact training increased femoral neck strength without having any harmful effect on knee cartilage in

  3. Impaction bone grafting for tibial defects in knee replacement surgery. Results at two years.

    PubMed

    Naim, Soulat; Toms, Andrew D

    2013-04-01

    Bone loss with large defects poses a complex and challenging problem in primary and revision knee arthroplasty. The defects are often irregular and difficult to quantify. One of the techniques available to restore bone in such cases is Knee Impaction Bone Grafting (KIBG); however, the clinical literature to support this technique is weak. Since 2006 we have used impaction bone grafting for contained and uncontained large tibial defects in primary and revision total knee arthroplasty. We have prospectively studied 11 patients with large tibial defects treated at the Exeter Knee Reconstruction Unit with KIBG using a short cemented stem following the Slooff-Ling philosophy. Average age was 66 years (41-86 years). Minimum follow-up was 2 years. The Knee Society Scores improved from 27.4 to 89.2 on average, with Knee Society Function score and WOMAC increasing by 263 and 23.2 points respectively. The mean post-operative flexion was 112 degrees. The average gain in motion over preoperative value was 20 degrees. At two years there were no mechanical failures. None of the patients have required secondary procedures or further revisions. All radiographs showed incorporation and remodelling of the graft. The only complication was a superficial dysaesthesia around the operative scar. Although being time consuming and technically demanding, KIBG for substantial tibial bone loss has shown excellent versatility and good short term results, providing a stable construct with immediate weight bearing post operatively. In view of previous concerns regarding early incorporation and stability of impaction bone grafting in the tibia, we present our early results at 2 years. This technique has become our preferred technique for treating substantial bone loss in tibial defects seen in primary and revision knee arthroplasty surgery.

  4. Current concept in dysplastic hip arthroplasty: Techniques for acetabular and femoral reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Bicanic, Goran; Barbaric, Katarina; Bohacek, Ivan; Aljinovic, Ana; Delimar, Domagoj

    2014-01-01

    Adult patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip develop secondary osteoarthritis and eventually end up with total hip arthroplasty (THA) at younger age. Because of altered anatomy of dysplastic hips, THA in these patients represents technically demanding procedure. Distorted anatomy of the acetabulum and proximal femur together with conjoined leg length discrepancy present major challenges during performing THA in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip. In addition, most patients are at younger age, therefore, soft tissue balance is of great importance (especially the need to preserve the continuity of abductors) to maximise postoperative functional result. In this paper we present a variety of surgical techniques available for THA in dysplastic hips, their advantages and disadvantages. For acetabular reconstruction following techniques are described: Standard metal augments (prefabricated), Custom made acetabular augments (3D printing), Roof reconstruction with vascularized fibula, Roof reconstruction with pedicled iliac graft, Roof reconstruction with autologous bone graft, Roof reconstruction with homologous bone graft, Roof reconstruction with auto/homologous spongious bone, Reinforcement ring with the hook in combination with autologous graft augmentation, Cranial positioning of the acetabulum, Medial protrusion technique (cotyloplasty) with chisel, Medial protrusion technique (cotyloplasty) with reaming, Cotyloplasty without spongioplasty. For femoral reconstruction following techniques were described: Distraction with external fixator, Femoral shortening through a modified lateral approach, Transtrochanteric osteotomies, Paavilainen osteotomy, Lesser trochanter osteotomy, Double-chevron osteotomy, Subtrochanteric osteotomies, Diaphyseal osteotomies, Distal femoral osteotomies. At the end we present author’s treatment method of choice: for acetabulum we perform cotyloplasty leaving only paper-thin medial wall, which we break during

  5. Optimizing the grain size distribution of allografts in bone impaction grafting.

    PubMed

    Putzer, David; Coraça-Huber, Debora; Wurm, Alexander; Schmoelz, Werner; Nogler, Michael

    2014-08-01

    In bone impaction grafting, allografts in the form of bone chips are used for reconstruction of defects and to induce bone remodeling. Optimizing grain size distribution of this allograft material should help prevent implant subsidence by achieving higher primary stability of the graft. We evaluated the influence of grain size distribution on the mechanical stability of allograft material. Bone tissue was rinsed, and the grain size distribution of the allograft material was determined by performing a sieve analysis. Uniaxial compression tests were carried out before and after a standardized compaction procedure for samples with controlled grain size distribution and a control group. Allografts with controlled grain size distribution showed a yield limit almost twice as high as in the control group after a standardized compaction procedure. A better interlocking between bone particles was observed compared to the control group. Thus, grain size distribution has a major impact on the mechanical stability of bone grafts. By controlling the grain size distribution of allograft material, a tighter packing can be achieved and subsequently implant subsidence of implants could be avoided. © 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Endogenous endothelin-1and femoral artery shear rate: impact of age and implications for atherosclerosis

    PubMed Central

    Trinity, Joel D.; Barrett-O’Keefe, Zachary; Ives, Stephen J.; Morgan, Garrett; Rossman, Matthew J.; Donato, Anthony J.; Runnels, Sean; Morgan, David E.; Gmelch, Benjamin S.; Bledsoe, Amber D.; Richardson, Russell S.; Wray, D. Walter

    2017-01-01

    Background Both altered shear rate and endothelin-1 (ET-1) are associated with the age-related development of atherosclerosis. However, the role of ET-1, a potent endogenous vasoconstrictor, in altering shear rate in humans, especially in the atherosclerotic-prone vasculature of the leg, is unknown. Therefore, this study examined the contribution of ET-1 to the age-related alterations in common femoral artery (CFA) shear rate. Method BQ-123, a specific endothelin type A (ETA) receptor antagonist, was infused into the CFA, and diameter and blood velocity were measured by Doppler ultrasound in young (n = 8, 24 ± 2 years) and old (n = 9, 70 ± 2 years) study participants. Results and conclusion The old had greater intima–media thickening in the CFA, indicative of a preatherogenic phenotype. Prior to infusion, the old study participants exhibited reduced mean shear rate (27 ± 3/s) compared with the young study participants (62 ± 9/s). This difference was likely driven by attenuated antegrade shear rate in the old as retrograde shear rate was similar in the young and old. Inhibition of ETA receptors, by BQ-123, increased leg blood flow in the old, but not in the young, abolishing age-related differences. Older study participants had a larger CFA (young: 0.82 ± 0.03 cm, old: 0.99 ± 0.03 cm) in which BQ-123 induced significant vasodilation (5.1 ± 1.0%), but had no such effect in the young (−0.8 ± 0.8%). Interestingly, despite the age-specific, BQ-123-induced increase in leg blood flow and CFA diameter, shear rate patterns remained largely unchanged. Therefore, ET-1, acting through the ETA receptors, exerts a powerful age-specific vasoconstriction. However, removal of this vasoconstrictor stimulus does not augment mean shear rate in the old. PMID:26599223

  7. Proximal femoral reconstruction after aseptic loosening following proximal femoral replacement for Ewing sarcoma: a case report with one-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Schoof, Benjamin; Jakobs, Oliver; Gehrke, Thorsten; Gebauer, Matthias

    2014-01-01

    We report the case of a 30-year-old patient initially treated for a proximal femoral Ewing's sarcoma when 12 years old. Index treatment comprised tumour resection and total hip arthroplasty. Two years later revision for aseptic loosening was performed. Subsequently, six further surgical revisons were performed for varying causes. At the age of 23 years the proximal femur was resected and a proximal femoral endoprosthesis implanted.Eighteen years after initial diagnosis the patient presented with recurrent aseptc loosening. Both the proximal femur and acetabulum were reconstructed. For acetabular reconstruction a structural allograft and a tantalum cup were utilised. Reconstruction of the femur utilsed extensive wire mesh and circlage wiring with impaction bone allograft into which a femoral stem was implanted.At one-year follow-up the patient was pain free, had no evidence of infection with satisfactory radiographs and no evidence of implant loosening. This is the first case reporting an extended proximal femoral reconstruction with a wire mesh in combination with impaction bone grafting in an aseptic loosened proximal femoral replacement following Ewing's Sarcoma.

  8. Biocompatible porcine dermis graft to treat severe cystocele: impact on quality of life and sexuality.

    PubMed

    Vitale, Salvatore Giovanni; Caruso, Salvatore; Rapisarda, Agnese Maria Chiara; Valenti, Gaetano; Rossetti, Diego; Cianci, Stefano; Cianci, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    To study the quality of life (QoL) and sexual function changes of women affected by severe cystocele treated using biocompatible porcine dermis graft. 20 women (ranging in age from 47 to 71 years, mean age 58.7) with third- and fourth-degree cystocele (according to Baden and Walker classification) were enrolled. The Short Form-36 questionnaire to assess QoL was administrated at baseline and 12 months after surgical treatment. The Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) to measure the changes of sexual behavior was used at baseline and 12 months after surgical treatment. Each woman underwent translabial color Doppler ultrasonography to measure the clitoral blood flow before and 12 months after surgical treatment. Women reported QoL improvement (P < 0.001). By PISQ-12, improvement of the behavioral emotive factor score, the physical factor score, the partner-related factor score and of the total score during the 12-month follow-up with respect to baseline experience was observed (P < 0.001). Color Doppler measurement showed that the mean pulsatility index, peak systolic velocity, resistance index and end-diastolic velocity of clitoral arteries did not significantly change (P = NS). Biocompatible porcine dermis graft to treat severe cystocele considerably improves QoL and sexual function, and does not influence clitoral blood flow. Our data could add new information about sexual behavior after prolapse treatment using this kind of graft, particularly about the impact on clitoral blood flow changes.

  9. Quality of life 10 years after liver transplantation: The impact of graft histology

    PubMed Central

    Karam, Vincent; Sebagh, Mylène; Rifai, Kinan; Yilmaz, Funda; Bhangui, Prashant; Danet, Colette; Saliba, Faouzi; Samuel, Didier; Castaing, Denis; Adam, René; Feray, Cyrille

    2016-01-01

    AIM To evaluate the relationship between the state of transplanted liver graft and the recipient quality of life (QOL) of histologically proven lesions in a 10-year post liver transplantation (LT) cohort of patients. METHODS Seventy-two recipients with a functional first graft at 10 years post-LT underwent liver biopsy and completed a QOL questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore associations between histological, clinical and QOL criteria. RESULTS Ten years after LT, fibrosis was detected in 53% of patients, and affected the general health perception, while ductopenia, present in 36%, affected the well-being (P = 0.05). Hepatic steatosis (HS) was present in 33% of patients and was associated with the worst QOL score on multiple domains. When compared to patients without HS, patients with HS had significantly higher incidence of fibrosis (P = 0.03), hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (P = 0.007), and more patients had retired from their job (P = 0.03). Recurrent or de novo HCV-associated fibrosis and patient retirement as objective variables, and abdominal pain or discomfort and joint aches or pains as subjective variables, emerged as independent determinants of HS. CONCLUSION Long-term liver graft lesions, mainly HS presumably as a surrogate marker of HCV infection, may have a substantial impact on QOL 10 years after LT. PMID:28058221

  10. [One-stage bone grafting combined with non-contact plate technique for treatment of post-traumatic femoral osteomyelitis and bone defects].

    PubMed

    Gao, Qiuming; Xue, Yun; Deng, Yinshuan; Zhou, Shungang; Li, Meng; Shi, Peisheng

    2016-05-25

    Eight patients with femoral osteomyelitis were admitted in Lanzhou General Hospital of PLA between July 2012 and July 2015. During the operation the femur was fixed with non-contact locking plate after thorough debridement. Iliac morselized cancellous bones without cortical bone were filled in the bone defect after debridement. The locking plates were placed in the lateral subcutaneous interface superficial to the vastus lateralis muscle. Drainage tubes were routinely placed postoperatively. The surgery was completed successfully in all patients, and the average operation time was (130±10) min (120-150 min). Intravenous antibiotics were administrated for 2 weeks and followed by 4 week-oral antibiotics after the operation in all 8 cases. Drainage tubes remained in situ about 8 days. All patients were followed up for 12-48 months, with an average of (19±7) months. Postoperative X-ray examination showed bone union in 7 cases with an average healing time of (16±5) weeks. One patient failed with relapsed infection, and was later treated with Ilizarov apparatus after secondary debridement. No plate and screw fracture, loose and fixation failure were observed in all 8 cases.

  11. Impact of donor hematopoietic cells mobilized with G-CSF and plerixafor on murine acute graft-versus-host-disease.

    PubMed

    Arbez, Jessy; Saas, Philippe; Lamarthée, Baptiste; Malard, Florent; Couturier, Mélanie; Mohty, Mohamad; Gaugler, Béatrice

    2015-07-01

    This study aimed to characterize the immune effectors contained in the grafts from donor mice mobilized by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and plerixafor and to evaluate their impact on the development of acute graft-versus-host-disease (aGVHD). Mobilization was done with G-CSF alone or G-CSF plus plerixafor (G+P). In grafts collected after G+P mobilization, we observed a significantly higher proportion of c-kit(+)Sca-1(+) hematopoietic stem cells compared with G-CSF. A significant increase in the percentage of plasmacytoid dendritic cells was detected in the G+P graft compared with G-CSF graft. We also studied the ability of stem cell grafts mobilized with G+P to induce GVHD in a mouse model. We observed higher mortality (P < 0.001) associated with increased aGVHD clinical score (P < 0.0001) as well as higher pathology score in the intestine of mice receiving G+P as compared with G-CSF grafts (P < 0.001). Moreover, the exacerbated aGVHD severity was associated with upregulation of CCR6 expression on both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells from the G+P grafts, as well as on T cells from mice transplanted with G+P grafts. In conclusion, we showed that grafts mobilized with G+P exhibited functional features different from those mobilized with G-CSF alone, which increase the severity of aGVHD in the recipients. Copyright © 2015 International Society for Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Calcar bone graft

    SciTech Connect

    Bargar, W.L.; Paul, H.A.; Merritt, K.; Sharkey, N.

    1986-01-01

    A canine model was developed to investigate the use of an autogeneic iliac bone graft to treat the calcar deficiency commonly found at the time of revision surgery for femoral component loosening. Five large male mixed-breed dogs had bilateral total hip arthroplasty staged at three-month intervals, and were sacrificed at six months. Prior to cementing the femoral component, an experimental calcar defect was made, and a bicortical iliac bone graft was fashioned to fill the defect. Serial roentgenograms showed the grafts had united with no resorption. Technetium-99 bone scans showed more uptake at three months than at six months in the graft region. Disulfine blue injection indicated all grafts were perfused at both three and six months. Thin section histology, fluorochromes, and microradiographs confirmed graft viability in all dogs. Semiquantitative grading of the fluorochromes indicated new bone deposition in 20%-50% of each graft at three months and 50%-80% at six months. Although the calcar bone graft was uniformly successful in this canine study, the clinical application of this technique should be evaluated by long-term results in humans.

  13. Impact of Staphylococcus aureus protein A (spa) genetic typing in cases of prosthetic shunt graft infections.

    PubMed

    Konstantiniuk, P; Grisold, A; Schramayer, G; Santler, S C; Koter, S; Cohnert, T

    In January 2014 an internal audit was performed at the department of surgery, division of vascular surgery of the Medical University Graz, Austria, to assess the short and long-term outcomes of prosthetic shunt graft implantations performed between December 1998 and December 2013. A 10.8 % explantation rate due to graft infection was detected. The majority of the cases were associated with Staphylococcus aureus. The aim of this study was to clarify whether this constitutes a nosocomial problem. Between December 1998 and December 2014 a total of 490 prosthetic shunt grafts were implanted. After exclusion of 54 cases, 436 shunts remained for statistical analysis. Genetic analysis (spa typing) was acquired from three new cases with involvement of S. aureus in 2014. The impact of several factors (e.g. sex, institute for dialysis, age, type of prosthesis, implantation surgeon and position of shunt) on the shunt graft infection rate was statistically analyzed. Of the prostheses 14.0 % (61 out of 436) had to be explanted of which 12.4 % (54/436) were due to infection. In 77.8 % (42/54) bacteria were found in blood and/or wound cultures. Staphylococcus aureus was present in 76.2 % (32/42) of the cases with detected bacteria and in all cases was sensitive to methicillin. The infection rate was not significantly dependent on any of the investigated factors; however, the factor "institute for dialysis" had a remarkable p‑value of 0.060 with the infection rate ranging from 8.5 % to 18.2 % depending on the institution. Three different S. aureus protein A (spa) types were found: t015, t359, t6265. The detection of three different spa types means that these patients had different sources of S. aureus so that a nosocomial problem is very unlikely. Genetic typing of spa is a suitable technique for distinguishing between nosocomial and community acquired sources of prosthetic shunt graft infections.

  14. Impaction grafting and wire mesh for uncontained defects in revision knee arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Lonner, Jess H; Lotke, Paul A; Kim, Jane; Nelson, Charles

    2002-11-01

    The current authors review the results of 17 revision total knee arthroplasties in 14 patients in whom large uncontained defects were treated with impaction allografting and molded wire mesh for containment. Knee Society clinical scores increased from an average of 47 points to 95 points and function scores increased from 48 points to 73 points at the most recent followup. No patients required revision surgery, although, nonprogressive tibial radiolucency has been observed in three patients. One patient required open reduction and internal fixation of a periprosthetic supracondylar femur fracture. One patient with an acute postoperative infection with Staphylococcus epidermidis was treated successfully with irrigation and debridement with retention of the implant. Impaction grafting with wire mesh containment for large uncontained defects in revision total knee arthroplasty is an effective method of treating massive uncontained bone loss in revision total knee arthroplasty.

  15. Impact of Early Reoperation following Living-Donor Liver Transplantation on Graft Survival

    PubMed Central

    Kawaguchi, Yoshikuni; Sugawara, Yasuhiko; Akamatsu, Nobuhisa; Kaneko, Junichi; Hamada, Tsuyoshi; Tanaka, Tomohiro; Ishizawa, Takeaki; Tamura, Sumihito; Aoki, Taku; Sakamoto, Yoshihiro; Hasegawa, Kiyoshi; Kokudo, Norihiro

    2014-01-01

    Background The reoperation rate remains high after liver transplantation and the impact of reoperation on graft and recipient outcome is unclear. The aim of our study is to evaluate the impact of early reoperation following living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) on graft and recipient survival. Methods Recipients that underwent LDLT (n = 111) at the University of Tokyo Hospital between January 2007 and December 2012 were divided into two groups, a reoperation group (n = 27) and a non-reoperation group (n = 84), and case-control study was conducted. Results Early reoperation was performed in 27 recipients (24.3%). Mean time [standard deviation] from LDLT to reoperation was 10 [9.4] days. Female sex, Child-Pugh class C, Non-HCV etiology, fulminant hepatitis, and the amount of intraoperative fresh frozen plasma administered were identified as possibly predictive variables, among which females and the amount of FFP were identified as independent risk factors for early reoperation by multivariable analysis. The 3-, and 6- month graft survival rates were 88.9% (95%confidential intervals [CI], 70.7–96.4), and 85.2% (95%CI, 66.5–94.3), respectively, in the reoperation group (n = 27), and 95.2% (95%CI, 88.0–98.2), and 92.9% (95%CI, 85.0–96.8), respectively, in the non-reoperation group (n = 84) (the log-rank test, p = 0.31). The 12- and 36- month overall survival rates were 96.3% (95%CI, 77.9–99.5), and 88.3% (95%CI, 69.3–96.2), respectively, in the reoperation group, and 89.3% (95%CI, 80.7–94.3) and 88.0% (95%CI, 79.2–93.4), respectively, in the non-reoperation group (the log-rank test, p = 0.59). Conclusions Observed graft survival for the recipients who underwent reoperation was lower compared to those who did not undergo reoperation, though the result was not significantly different. Recipient overall survival with reoperation was comparable to that without reoperation. The present findings enhance the importance of

  16. Lack of stability at more than 12 months of follow-up after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using all-inside quadruple-stranded semitendinosus graft with adjustable cortical button fixation in both femoral and tibial sides.

    PubMed

    Bressy, G; Brun, V; Ferrier, A; Dujardin, D; Oubaya, N; Morel, N; Fontanin, N; Ohl, X

    2016-11-01

    The use of the semitendinosus tendon alone for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction keeps the gracilis muscle intact and decreases anterior pain in comparison with the use of the patellar tendon. Recently, Lubowitz described a new all-inside technique with an ST4 tendon fixed with a cortical button in both femoral and tibial sides. We hypothesized that this type of graft with cortical button fixation provides well-controlled residual anterior tibial translation (<3mm). The aim of this study was to assess the results obtained with this technique in terms of laxity and IKDC score at more than 1 year of follow-up. We performed a prospective single-center study to evaluate the results with this procedure with at least 1 year of follow-up. The primary endpoint was the objective IKDC score and side-to-side anterior tibial translation difference. The secondary endpoint was the subjective assessment using the subjective IKDC and Lysholm scores. Tunnel positioning was assessed using the Aglietti criteria. Thirty-five patients were included and reviewed with a mean follow-up of 19.7 months. Sixty-three percent of the patients were male and the mean age at the procedure was 28 years. The IKDC score was A or B in 43% of the patients and C or D in 57%; 54% of the patients had a residual side-to-side anterior tibial translation difference less than 3mm and 29% presented significant pivot shift (grade C or D). Five patients underwent revision surgery, including one for rupture of the ACL reconstruction. The meniscal status did not influence postoperative laxity and the IKDC grade. Our hypothesis was not verified and the postoperative stability of the knee was insufficient. Postoperative side-to-side anterior tibial translation difference remained greater than 3mm for 16 patients and the analysis seems to indicate that the distal cortical fixation of the graft with an adjusted loop is insufficient. Prospective study - Level IV. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All

  17. Renal Transplant in Patients With Abnormal Bladder: Impact of Causes on Graft Function and Survival.

    PubMed

    Salman, Baher M; Hassan, Ahmed I; Sultan, Sultan M; Tophill, Paul R; Halawa, Ahmed M

    2017-02-23

    Successful kidney transplant depends partly on the normal physiologic functioning of the bladder, which involves effective urine storage and emptying. The bladder may become abnormal owing to various urologic and neuropathic disorders. Patients with abnormal bladders need careful management before and after transplant. In this study, we aimed to determine the outcomes of renal transplants in relation to various causes of abnormal bladder. We conducted a retrospective review of 25 patients with abnormal bladder who received 30 renal transplants between 1990 and 2014. The patients were divided into neurologic and urologic groups based on the causes of abnormal bladder. Patient demographics, graft function, survival, and postoperative complications were compared. The most common urologic cause was posterior urethral valve (14 patients), while the most common neurologic cause was spina bifida (6 patients). There was no statistically significant difference in graft survival at 1, 3, and 5 years between patients with neurologic and urologic causes of abnormal bladder as well as at long-term follow-up. However, the mean estimated glomerular filtration rate at 1, 3, and 5 years was higher among patients with neurologic causes than in those with urologic causes, although the difference was statistically significant only at 1 year (61 ± 34 vs 37 ± 19 mL/min; P = .025). Stone formation was reported only in patients whose abnormal bladder had neurologic causes, and no incidence was reported in patients with urologic causes (20% vs 0%; P = .038). The incidence of other postoperative complications was not statistically significant between the 2 groups. With careful evaluation and proper preoperative correction of abnormal bladder dysfunction and optimization of the emptying and storage functions of the bladder, the causes of abnormal bladder did not appear to impact graft function and survival or overall rate of postoperative complications.

  18. Femoral nerve dysfunction

    MedlinePlus

    Neuropathy - femoral nerve; Femoral neuropathy ... Craig EJ, Clinchot DM. Femoral neuropathy. In: Frontera WR, Silver JK, Rizzo TD Jr, eds. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Musculoskeletal Disorders, Pain, and Rehabilitation . 3rd ...

  19. Reconstruction of bone defects with impacted allograft in femoral stem revision surgery

    PubMed Central

    Moro, Enrique; Cebrian, Juan-Luis; Marco, Fernando; García-López, Antonio; Serfaty, David; López-Durán, Luis

    2007-01-01

    A retrospective clinical review was done on 54 revision hip patients. Radiological analysis examined the Gross and AAOS classifications, stem position, cement mantles, allograft and evolution (subsidence, resorption and remodelling). The Harris Hip score was used for clinical assessment. We used bone bank allograft and a polished non-collared stem LD. The follow-up period was 60.5 months (19.4–152.4), and the average age 68.5 (range: 22–85). There were 21 females and 33 males. The surgical approach was: lateral (5.56%) posterior (91.4%); trochanteric osteotomy: 25.9%; associated acetabular revision: 59.3%; previous operations: 1.9. The preoperative Harris score was 35 (28–40) and rose to 81 (50–99) postoperatively. The stem alignment was neutral (44.44%), varus (38.89%) and valgus (16.67%). The femur/stem diameter relationship was 1.8 (1.2–2.7). There were no changes in stem alignment in 94.4%. An adequate cement mantle was: proximal zone (61.1%), medium zone (27.8%) and distal zone (16.7%). The rate of any subsidence was 38.9% (progressive: 12.96%). The rate of complications was 40.7% and included periprosthetic fracture: 14.8%; superficial infection: 1.9%; deep late infection: 1.9%; dislocation: 3.7%; heterotopic ossification: 13%. The rate of new stem revision was 16.6%. The clinical and radiological success rate was 77.78%. A greater incidence of revisions has been found in stem malalignment, progressive subsidence, a Harris increase of <20 points, allograft resorption, small diameter stems and inadequate cement mantle. We recommend hard impaction and a cement mantle of at least 2 mm. Non-progressive subsidence does not increase stem loosening. The technique has been useful in recovering bone stock in a severely defective femur and achieves a stable reconstruction. The level of evidence was therapeutic study level III-2 (retrospective cohort study; see the instructions to the authors for a complete description of the levels of evidence). PMID

  20. Impact of dopamine versus serotonin cell transplantation for the development of graft-induced dyskinesia in a rat Parkinson model.

    PubMed

    García, Joanna; Carlsson, Thomas; Döbrössy, Máté; Nikkhah, Guido; Winkler, Christian

    2012-08-27

    Graft-induced dyskinesia (GID), covering a range of dystonic and choreiform involuntary movements, has been observed in some patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) after intracerebral cell transplantation. These dyskinesias have been severe in a number of patients and represent one of the main obstacles for further development of the cell therapy in PD. Serotonin neurons, included into the dopaminergic cell suspension due to the nature of the dissection process, have been suggested as a key factor for the development of GID, since the administration of the serotonin (5-HT)(1A)-receptor agonist buspirone reduced dyskinesia in transplanted PD patients. In the present study, we characterized GID in the rat PD model after transplantation of dopaminergic grafts containing different amounts of serotonin neurons. The severity of GID was significantly correlated with the amount of grafted dopamine and serotonin neurons, but the r-values were low. However, neither the innervation density of dopamine and serotonin fibers in the grafted striatum nor the dopamine-to-serotonin cell ratio correlated significantly with the severity of GID. The results extend prior knowledge of the role of dopaminergic grafts in the development of GID and show that, in the animal model, serotonin neurons within the graft suspension might be involved, but given sufficient dopamine cells, their impact on GID may be minor.

  1. Particle size in fat graft retention: A review on the impact of harvesting technique in lipofilling surgical outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Gause, Trent M; Kling, Russell E; Sivak, Wesley N; Marra, Kacey G; Rubin, J Peter; Kokai, Lauren E

    2014-01-01

    Fat grafting popularity continues to rise among plastic surgeons. As a soft tissue filler, adipose tissue had many desirable attributes: it is easy to obtain, autologous, and may reintegrate into recipient sites. However, fat grafting is clinically plagued by unpredictable resorption rates, thus there is much interest in optimizing the procedure of fat grafting for consistent graft volumes. Fat harvesting, a part of fat transfer surgery, involves the removal of adipose tissue from the donor site. Different harvest procedures, such as whole fat excision or liposuction cannulas, result in a range of fat particle volumes, which may play a role in the cellular stability of grafts. The ideal harvesting technique and fat particle diameter is not currently known. This study aims to review the literature on the impact of fat particle size and clinical fat grafting outcomes, to present overarching conclusions, and to provide future directions for study. Current evidence supports excisional methods and larger bore cannulas to minimize cellular damage, preserve the native architecture, and maximize the number of cells within fat particles. PMID:26317051

  2. Cancellous impaction bone grafting of acetabular defects in complex primary and revision total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Patil, Nilesh; Hwang, Katherine; Goodman, Stuart B

    2012-03-07

    The reconstruction of major acetabular bone defects during revision, conversion, and primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs) is challenging. We reviewed a consecutive series of 168 THAs (108 revisions, 8 conversions, and 52 primary THAs) performed by 1 surgeon (S.B.G.) between 1997 and 2008 using impaction bone grafting for acetabular reconstruction. Autograft, cancellous allograft croutons, and demineralized bone matrix were used to fill bone defects as needed. The acetabular bone deficiency was classified according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: type I, segmental deficiency with significant rim defect; type II, cavitary defects medially or posteriorly; type III, combined cavitary and segmental deficiency; type IV, pelvic discontinuity; and type V, arthrodesis. According to this method, 56 hips had type I, 31 hips had type II, 48 hips had type III, and 27 hips had type IV deficiencies. Of the 168 patients, 19 subsequently died of causes unrelated to the THA, and 11 were lost to follow-up. All patients had at least 2 years of follow-up. Average Harris Hip Score improved from 45.5±17.9 preoperatively to 81.1±16.5 postoperatively (P<.05) for revision THAs, from 40.0±11.3 preoperatively to 85.0±12.8 postoperatively (P<.05) for conversion THAs, and from 42.3±14.9 preoperatively to 85.0±12.0 postoperatively (P<.05) for primary THAs. All impaction grafted bone (allograft, autograft, or a combination) incorporated radiographically, thus restoring bone stock. Complications included 1 early infection, which was managed successfully with debridement and liner exchange, and 2 late infections that were managed successfully with staged revision. Two revisions required subsequent re-revision for late loosening. Two hip dislocations occurred, 1 of which required surgical treatment to place a constrained liner. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

  3. Revisions of Extensive Acetabular Defects with Impaction Grafting and a Cement Cup

    PubMed Central

    van Egmond, Nienke; De Kam, Daniel C. J.; Gardeniers, Jean W. M.

    2010-01-01

    Background Loosening of acetabular components often leads to bony defects. Management of extensive acetabular bone loss in hip revision arthroplasty can be a tremendous challenge. Questions/purposes We asked whether a reconstruction with impacted bone grafts will provide a durable and pain-free function in extensive acetabular defects. We specifically determined the (1) survival rates with the end point of revision for any reason, aseptic revision, and radiographic loosening; (2) visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, Harris hip score (HHS), and the Oxford Hip Questionnaire score (OHQS); (3) number of repeat revisions; (4) complications; and (5) radiographic loosening, wear, and radiolucencies. Patients and Methods We retrospectively followed 25 patients (27 hips) with extensive acetabular defects. No patient was lost to followup. Two patients died during followup. Minimum followup was 3 years (mean, 8.8 years; range, 3–14.1 years). Results Three patients (three hips) underwent repeat revision surgery and another two patients (two hips) had radiographically loose hips. The 10-year survival rate was 88% (95% confidence interval, 74.2%–100%) with the end point acetabular revision for any reason and 95% (95% confidence interval, 86.0%–100%) with the end point acetabular revision for aseptic loosening. The mean HHSs were 55 points before surgery and 72 points postoperatively. Conclusions Acetabular reconstruction with impaction bone grafting and a cemented cup is a reliable technique with a 10-year survival rate of 88% in patients with extensive acetabular deficiencies. Level of Evidence Level IV, case series. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:20931308

  4. The impact of the dose of natural killer cells in the graft on severe acute graft-versus-host disease after unrelated bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Masatsugu; Kobayashi, Shoichi; Numata, Ayumi; Tachibana, Takayoshi; Takasaki, Hirotaka; Maruta, Atsuo; Ishigatsubo, Yoshiaki; Kanamori, Heiwa

    2012-06-01

    The impact of lymphocyte subpopulations on the outcome of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) remains uncertain. We investigated the relationship between the lymphocyte subpopulations of bone marrow grafts and the outcome of BMT. A total of 121 patients who underwent BMT at Kanagawa Cancer Center between 2000 and 2009 were analyzed. Grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) occurred in 35.9% of patients who received unrelated BMT with a CD56 cell dose ≤2.80×10(6)/kg versus only 9.7% of patients with a CD56 cell dose >2.80×10(6)/kg (P=0.017). In patients receiving related BMT, the cumulative incidence of grade III-IV acute GVHD did not differ significantly in relation to the CD56 cell dose. On multivariate analysis, older donor age (hazard ratio (HR): 1.09, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.15, P=0.004) and a high dose of CD56 cells (>2.80×10(6)/kg) (HR: 0.15, 95%CI: 0.03-0.92, P=0.040) were significant determinants of grade III-IV acute GVHD after unrelated BMT. None of the lymphocyte subpopulations had a significant impact on the outcome of transplantation, including the rate of neutrophil engraftment, relapse, relapse-free mortality, and overall survival. Our findings suggest that a high natural killer cell dose prevents severe acute GVHD after unrelated BMT, while sparing the graft-versus-leukemia effect. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Diminished Cartilage Creep Properties and Increased Trabecular Bone Density Following a Single, Sub-Fracture Impact of the Rabbit Femoral Condyle

    PubMed Central

    Borrelli, Joseph; Zaegel, Melissa A.; Martinez, Mario D.; Silva, Matthew J.

    2013-01-01

    Traumatic injury to articular cartilage can lead to post-traumatic arthritis. We used a custom pendulum device to deliver a single, near-fracture impact to the medial femoral condyles of rabbits. Impact was localized to a region ~3 mm in diameter, and impact stress averaged ~100 MPa. Animals were euthanized at 0, 1 and 6 months after impact. Cartilage mechanical properties from impacted and sham knees were evaluated by creep-indentation testing and periarticular trabecular bone was evaluated by microCT and histomorphometry. Impact caused immediate and statistically significant loss of cartilage thickness (-40% vs. sham) and led to a greater than two-fold increase in creep strain. From 0 to 6 months after impact, the ability of cartilage to recover from creep deformation became significantly impaired (percent recovery different from control at 1 and 6 months). At 1 month, there was a 33% increase in the trabecular bone volume fraction of the epiphysis beneath the site of impact compared to control, and increased bone formation was observed histologically. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that a single, high-energy impact below the fracture threshold leads to acute deleterious changes in the viscoelastic properties of articular cartilage that worsen with time, while at the same time stimulating increased bone formation beneath the impact site. PMID:20225288

  6. Intramedullary nailing of femoral shaft fractures in polytraumatized patients. a longitudinal, prospective and observational study of the procedure-related impact on cardiopulmonary- and inflammatory responses.

    PubMed

    Husebye, Elisabeth E; Lyberg, Torstein; Opdahl, Helge; Aspelin, Trude; Støen, Ragnhild O; Madsen, Jan Erik; Røise, Olav

    2012-01-05

    Early intramedullary nailing (IMN) of long bone fractures in severely injured patients has been evaluated as beneficial, but has also been associated with increased inflammation, multi organ failure (MOF) and morbidity. This study was initiated to evaluate the impact of primary femoral IMN on coagulation-, fibrinolysis-, inflammatory- and cardiopulmonary responses in polytraumatized patients. Twelve adult polytraumatized patients with femoral shaft fractures were included. Serial blood samples were collected to evaluate coagulation-, fibrinolytic-, and cytokine activation in arterial blood. A flow-directed pulmonary artery (PA) catheter was inserted prior to IMN. Cardiopulmonary function parameters were recorded peri- and postoperatively. The clinical course of the patients and complications were monitored and recorded daily. Mean Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 31 ± 2.6. No procedure-related effect of the primary IMN on coagulation- and fibrinolysis activation was evident. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) increased significantly from 6 hours post procedure to peak levels on the third postoperative day. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) increased from the first to the third postoperative day. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) peaked on the first postoperative day. A procedure-related transient hemodynamic response was observed on indexed pulmonary vascular resistance (PVRI) two hours post procedure. 11/12 patients developed systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), 7/12 pneumonia, 3/12 acute lung injury (ALI), 3/12 adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), 3/12 sepsis, 0/12 wound infection. In the polytraumatized patients with femoral shaft fractures operated with primary IMN we observed a substantial response related to the initial trauma. We could not demonstrate any major additional IMN-related impact on the inflammatory responses or on the cardiopulmonary function parameters. These results have to be interpreted carefully due to the relatively few patients included

  7. Intramedullary nailing of femoral shaft fractures in polytraumatized patients. a longitudinal, prospective and observational study of the procedure-related impact on cardiopulmonary- and inflammatory responses

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Early intramedullary nailing (IMN) of long bone fractures in severely injured patients has been evaluated as beneficial, but has also been associated with increased inflammation, multi organ failure (MOF) and morbidity. This study was initiated to evaluate the impact of primary femoral IMN on coagulation-, fibrinolysis-, inflammatory- and cardiopulmonary responses in polytraumatized patients. Methods Twelve adult polytraumatized patients with femoral shaft fractures were included. Serial blood samples were collected to evaluate coagulation-, fibrinolytic-, and cytokine activation in arterial blood. A flow-directed pulmonary artery (PA) catheter was inserted prior to IMN. Cardiopulmonary function parameters were recorded peri- and postoperatively. The clinical course of the patients and complications were monitored and recorded daily. Results Mean Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 31 ± 2.6. No procedure-related effect of the primary IMN on coagulation- and fibrinolysis activation was evident. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) increased significantly from 6 hours post procedure to peak levels on the third postoperative day. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) increased from the first to the third postoperative day. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) peaked on the first postoperative day. A procedure-related transient hemodynamic response was observed on indexed pulmonary vascular resistance (PVRI) two hours post procedure. 11/12 patients developed systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), 7/12 pneumonia, 3/12 acute lung injury (ALI), 3/12 adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), 3/12 sepsis, 0/12 wound infection. Conclusion In the polytraumatized patients with femoral shaft fractures operated with primary IMN we observed a substantial response related to the initial trauma. We could not demonstrate any major additional IMN-related impact on the inflammatory responses or on the cardiopulmonary function parameters. These results have to be interpreted carefully due to the

  8. Impact of early graft function on 10-year graft survival in recipients of kidneys from standard- or expanded-criteria donors.

    PubMed

    Smail, Nassima; Tchervenkov, Jean; Paraskevas, Steven; Baran, Dana; Mucsi, Istvan; Hassanain, Mazen; Chaudhury, Prosanto; Cantarovich, Marcelo

    2013-07-27

    The use of kidneys from expanded-criteria donors (ECD) is regarded with caution. We compared 279 kidney transplant recipients (KTxR) from standard-criteria donors (SCD) and 237 from ECD, transplanted between January 1990 and December 2006. We evaluated the impact of immediate graft function (IGF), slow graft function (SGF), and delayed graft function (DGF) and the drop in estimated glomerular filtration rate (ΔeGFR) ≤ 30% or > 30% during the first year after transplantation on long-term patient and death-censored graft survival (DCGS). Ten-year patient survival was similar in SCD- or ECD-KTxR (P = 0.38). DCGS was better in SCD-KTxR versus ECD-KTxR (77.3% vs. 67.3%; P = 0.01). DCGS did not differ in either group experiencing IGF (P = 0.17) or DGF (P = 0.12). However, DCGS was worse in ECD-KTxR experiencing SGF (84.9% vs. 73.7%; P = 0.04). Predictors of DCGS were 1-year serum creatinine (hazard ratio, 1.03; P < 0.0001) and ΔeGFR > 30% between 1 and 12 months (Δ1-12eGFR) after transplantation (hazard ratio, 2.2; P = 0.02). In ECD-KTxR with IGF and more than 1-year follow-up, 10-year DCGS was better in those with Δ1-12eGFR ≤ 30% versus those with Δ1-12eGFR > 30% (83.8% vs. 53.6%; P = 0.01). Recipients of SCD or ECD kidneys with IGF or DGF had similar 10-year patient survival and DCGS. SGF had a worse impact on DCGS in ECD-KTxR. In addition to 1-year serum creatinine, Δ1-12eGFR > 30% is a negative predictor of DCGS. Larger studies should confirm if increasing the use of ECD, avoiding factors that contribute to SGF or DGF, and/or a decline in eGFR during the first year after transplantation may expand the donor pool and result in acceptable long-term outcomes.

  9. A multicenter study of primary graft failure after infant heart transplantation: impact of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation on outcomes.

    PubMed

    Kaushal, S; Matthews, K L; Garcia, X; Wehman, B; Riddle, E; Ying, Z; Nubani, R; Canter, C E; Morrow, W R; Huddleston, C B; Backer, C L; Pahl, E

    2014-02-01

    Primary graft failure is the major cause of mortality in infant HTx. The aim of this study was to characterize the indication and outcomes of infants requiring ECMO support due to primary graft failure after HTx. We performed a retrospective review of all infants (<1 yr) who underwent Htx from three institutions. From 1999 to 2008, 92 infants (<1 yr) received Htx. Sixteen children (17%) required ECMO after Htx due to low cardiac output syndrome. Eleven (69%) infants were successfully weaned off ECMO, and 9 (56%) infants were discharged with a mean follow-up of 2.3 ± 2.5 yr. Mean duration of ECMO in survivors was 5.4 days (2-7 days) compared with eight days (2-10 days) in non-survivors (p = NS). The five-yr survival rate for all patients was 75%; however, the five-yr survival rate was 40% in the ECMO cohort vs. 80% in the non-ECMO cohort (p = 0.0001). Graft function within one month post-Htx was similar and normal between ECMO and non-ECMO groups (shortening fraction = 42 ± 3 vs. 40 ± 2, p = NS). For infants, ECMO support for primary graft failure had a lower short-term and long-term survival rate vs. non-ECMO patients. Duration of ECMO did not adversely impact graft function and is an acceptable therapy for infants after HTx for low cardiac output syndrome.

  10. Impact of clopidogrel on bleeding complications and survival in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Bittner, Hartmuth B; Lehmann, Sven; Rastan, Ardawan; Mohr, Friedrich W

    2012-03-01

    This study investigated the impact of preoperative clopidogrel on bleeding complications and survival during and after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) and assessed the possible role of the antifibrinolytic agent aprotinin for attenuating blood loss after clopidogrel exposure. Prospectively collected data of 753 consecutive adult patients undergoing OPCABG were retrospectively reviewed; 139 (18.5%) patients received clopidogrel preoperatively. Statistical methods used were student paired t-test, Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, chi-square analysis and Kaplan-Meier with log-rank analysis. Clopidogrel was associated with a significant increase in perioperative blood loss (P = 0.003) and more excessive postoperative haemorrhage (P = 0.04). Overall transfusion rates (P = 0.02) and the amount of administered blood products (P = 0.01) were also higher after clopidogrel exposure. Intraoperative aprotinin reduced postoperative bleeding significantly in patients administered clopidogrel [18.7% after 24 h (P = 0.006) and 15.2% after 48 h (P = 0.03)] and attenuated excessive postoperative haemorrhaging. Five-year survival was markedly improved in clopidogrel-treated patients. Preoperative clopidogrel exposure does increase perioperative blood loss and blood transfusion requirements in patients undergoing OPCABG but has an otherwise excellent safety profile with a 94% 5-year survival rate. Aprotinin attenuated this blood loss. Based on these results a recommendation to discontinue clopidogrel prior to coronary artery bypass grafting cannot be maintained, if OPCABG strategies are considered.

  11. Impact of Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Graft Outcome Disparities in Black Kidney Transplant Recipients.

    PubMed

    Taber, David J; Hunt, Kelly J; Fominaya, Cory E; Payne, Elizabeth H; Gebregziabher, Mulugeta; Srinivas, Titte R; Baliga, Prabhakar K; Egede, Leonard E

    2016-09-01

    Although outcome inequalities for non-Hispanic black (NHB) kidney transplant recipients are well documented, there is paucity in data assessing the impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors on this disparity in kidney transplantation. This was a longitudinal study of a national cohort of veteran kidney recipients transplanted between January 2001 and December 2007. Data included baseline characteristics acquired through the United States Renal Data System linked to detailed clinical follow-up information acquired through the Veterans Affairs electronic health records. Analyses were conducted using sequential multivariable modeling (Cox regression), incorporating blocks of variables into iterative nested models; 3139 patients were included (2095 non-Hispanic whites [66.7%] and 1044 NHBs [33.3%]). NHBs had a higher prevalence of hypertension (100% versus 99%; P<0.01) and post-transplant diabetes mellitus (59% versus 53%; P<0.01) with reduced control of hypertension (blood pressure <140/90 60% versus 69%; P<0.01), diabetes mellitus (A1c <7%, 35% versus 47%; P<0.01), and low-density lipoprotein (<100 mg/dL, 55% versus 61%; P<0.01). Adherence to medications used to manage CVD risk was significantly lower in NHBs. In the fully adjusted models, the independent risk of graft loss in NHBs was substantially reduced (unadjusted hazard ratio, 2.00 versus adjusted hazard ratio, 1.49). CVD risk factors and control reduced the influence of NHB race by 9% to 18%. Similar trends were noted for mortality, and estimates were robust across in sensitivity analyses. These results demonstrate that NHB kidney transplant recipients have significantly higher rates of CVD risk factors and reduced CVD risk control. These issues are likely partly related to medication nonadherence and meaningfully contribute to racial disparities for graft outcomes. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  12. The impact of cell surface PEGylation and short-course immunotherapy on islet graft survival in an allogeneic murine model.

    PubMed

    Giraldo, Jaime A; Molano, R Damaris; Rengifo, Hernán R; Fotino, Carmen; Gattás-Asfura, Kerim M; Pileggi, Antonello; Stabler, Cherie L

    2017-02-01

    Islet transplantation is a promising therapy for Type 1 diabetes mellitus; however, host inflammatory and immune responses lead to islet dysfunction and destruction, despite potent systemic immunosuppression. Grafting of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) to the periphery of cells or tissues can mitigate inflammation and immune recognition via generation of a steric barrier. Herein, we sought to evaluate the complementary impact of islet PEGylation with a short-course immunotherapy on the survival of fully-MHC mismatched islet allografts (DBA/2 islets into diabetic C57BL/6J recipients). Anti-Lymphocyte Function-associated Antigen 1 (LFA-1) antibody was selected as a complementary, transient, systemic immune monotherapy. Islets were PEGylated via an optimized protocol, with resulting islets exhibiting robust cell viability and function. Following transplantation, a significant subset of diabetic animals receiving PEGylated islets (60%) or anti-LFA-1 antibody (50%) exhibited long-term (>100d) normoglycemia. The combinatorial approach proved synergistic, with 78% of the grafts exhibiting euglycemia long-term. Additional studies examining graft cellular infiltrates at early time points characterized the local impact of the transplant protocol on graft survival. Results illustrate the capacity of a simple polymer grafting approach to impart significant immunoprotective effects via modulation of the local transplant environment, while short-term immunotherapy serves to complement this effect. We believe this study is important and of interest to the biomaterials and transplant community for several reasons: 1) it provides an optimized protocol for the PEGylation of islets, with minimal impact on the coated islets, which can be easily translated for clinical applications; 2) this optimized protocol demonstrates the benefits of islet PEGylation in providing modest immunosuppression in a murine model; 3) this work demonstrates the combinatory impact of PEGylation with short

  13. Impact of top end anastomosis design on patency and flow stability in coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Koyama, Sachi; Kitamura, Tadashi; Itatani, Keiichi; Yamamoto, Tadashi; Miyazaki, Shohei; Oka, Norihiko; Nakashima, Kouki; Horai, Tetsuya; Ono, Minoru; Miyaji, Kagami

    2016-05-01

    For coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), free grafts such as a saphenous vein or radial artery are often used for grafts to the lateral and posterior walls. However, the relationship between top-end anastomosis design and long-term patency remains unknown. Because coronary artery blood flow is dominant during diastole, top-end anastomosis may work better if the graft is directed towards the apex, whereas the shortest graft pathway appears to be most efficient. Using computational fluid dynamic models, we evaluated the hemodynamic variables that were affected by the angle of the top-end anastomosis. We created three-dimensional geometries of the aortic root with coronary arteries that involved 75 % stenosis in the obtuse marginal and postero-lateral branches. Two bypass models under vasodilator administration were created: in a"Model A", the top-end anastomosis is parallel to the long axis of the ascending aorta and the graft passed over the conus directed towards the apex; in a "Model B", the top-end anastomosis is directed toward the shortest pathway, and form near the right angles to the long axis of the ascending aorta. Wall shear stress (WSS) and its fluctuation, an oscillatory shear index (OSI) were evaluated to predict fibrosis progression at the anastomosis site and graft flow. Graft flow was 197.3 ml/min and 207.3 ml/min in the "Model A" and "Model B", respectively. The minimal WSS value inside the graft with the "Model A" and "Model B" was 0.53 Pa and 4.09 Pa, respectively, and the OSI value was 0.46 and 0.04, respectively. The top-end anastomosis of a free graft should be directed vertically towards the aorta to achieve the shortest graft pathway to maintain a high graft flow rate and to avoid the risks of endothelial fibrosis and plaque progression over the long-term after CABG.

  14. A 42-year-old patient presenting with femoral head migration after hemiarthroplasty performed 22 years earlier: a case report.

    PubMed

    Kanda, Akio; Kaneko, Kazuo; Obayashi, Osamu; Mogami, Atsuhiko

    2015-01-15

    Treatment of femoral neck fractures in young adults may require total hip arthroplasty or hip hemiarthroplasty using a bipolar cup. The latter can, however, result in migration of the femoral head and poor long-term results. We report a case of femoral head migration after hemiarthroplasty performed for femoral neck fracture that had occurred 22 years earlier, when the patient (a Japanese man) was 20 years old. He experienced peri-prosthetic fracture of the femur, subsequent migration of the prosthesis, and a massive bone defect of the pelvic side acetabular roof. After bone union of the femoral shaft fracture, the patient was referred to our hospital for reconstruction of the acetabular roof. Intra-operatively, we placed two alloimplants of bone from around the transplanted femoral head into the weight-bearing region of the acetabular roof using an impaction bone graft method. We then implanted an acetabular roof reinforcement plate and a cemented polyethylene cup in the position of the original acetabular cup. Eighteen months post-operatively, X-rays showed union of the transplanted bone. Treatment of femoral neck fractures in young adults is usually accomplished by osteosynthesis, but it may be complicated by femoral head avascular necrosis or by infection or osteomyelitis. In such cases, once an infection has subsided, either hip hemiarthroplasty using a bipolar cup or total hip arthroplasty may be required. However, if the acetabular side articular cartilage is damaged, a bipolar cup should not be used. Total hip arthroplasty should be performed to prevent migration of the implant.

  15. Femoral tunnel malposition in ACL revision reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Morgan, Joseph A; Dahm, Diane; Levy, Bruce; Stuart, Michael J

    2012-11-01

    The Multicenter Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Revision Study (MARS) group was formed to study a large cohort of revision ACL reconstruction patients. The purpose of this subset analysis study of the MARS database is to describe specific details of femoral tunnel malposition and subsequent management strategies that surgeons chose in the revision setting. The design of this study is a case series. The multicenter MARS database is compiled from a questionnaire regarding 460 ACL reconstruction revision cases returned by 87 surgeons. This subset analysis described technical aspects and operative findings in specifically those cases in which femoral tunnel malposition was cited as the cause of primary ACL reconstruction failure. Of the 460 revisions included for study, 276 (60%) cases cited a specific "technical cause of failure." Femoral tunnel malposition was cited in 219 (47.6%) of 460 cases. Femoral tunnel malposition was cited as the only cause of failure in 117 cases (25.4%). Surgeons judged the femoral tunnel too vertical in 42 cases (35.9%), too anterior in 35 cases (29.9%), and too vertical and anterior in 31 cases (26.5%). Revision reconstruction involved the drilling of an entirely new femoral tunnel in 91 cases (82.1%). For primary reconstruction, autograft tissue was used in 82 cases (70.1%). For revision reconstruction, autograft tissue was used in 61 cases (52.1%) and allograft tissue in 56 cases (47.9%). Femoral tunnel malposition in primary ACL reconstruction was the most commonly cited reason for graft failure in this cohort. Graft selection is widely variable among surgeons. Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

  16. Creation of femoral tunnel by outside-in technique for ACL reconstruction: an analysis.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Skand; Naik, Ananta K; Meena, Durgashankar; Jain, Vijay K; Arya, Rajendra K

    2014-12-01

    To study the outcome of ACL reconstruction by retrograde outside-in (OI) creation of femoral tunnel. ACL reconstruction was done in 41 cases by OI technique. The tip of 115° femoral guide was placed at posterior aspect of femoral foot print of ACL. Reaming was done from outside-in over guide pin. The length of femoral tunnel was obtained by measuring guide pin. The location of intra-articular femoral tunnel aperture and graft was recorded. Tibial tunnel was created with 50° guide placed at tibial foot print of ACL. Post-operative digital radiograph was taken. Antero-posterior view was used to calculate coronal inclination of femoral tunnel. On lateral view femoral tunnel location was marked in relation to the intersection of Blumensaat line and posterior femoral cortical line. Lysholm scoring and pivot shift test were performed at follow-up. Objective measurement of anterior tibial translation was done by rolimeter (aircast) at 1 year. The mean femoral tunnel length recorded was 39.5 mm (±3.4). There was no incidence of femoral tunnel blow out or graft impingement. All cases had femoral tunnel aperture location posterior to posterior femoral cortical line and inferior to Blumensaat line. The mean coronal angle of femoral tunnel was 30.39° (±4.6). The mean preoperative Lysholm score of 53.5 (±13) increased to 95.2 (±3.5) 1 year after surgery. All the patients had full range of motion. The pivot shift test was negative and instrumented measurement of anterior translation of tibia was near normal in all cases. OI technique of ACL reconstruction is a simple reproducible technique. The unconstrained placement and angling of femoral guide result in a femoral tunnel which is through footprint of ACL. The graft is placed very low, oblique and as posterior as possible on femoral side mimicking the native ACL. III.

  17. Tomato salt tolerance: Impact of grafting and water composition on yield and ion relations

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    We evaluated the salt tolerance of tomato cv Big Dena under both non-grafted 2 conditions and when grafted on Maxifort rootstock, under a series of 5 salinity levels and two irrigation water composition types. The salinity levels of the irrigation water were -0.03, -0.15, -0.30, -0.45, and -0.60 MPa...

  18. Dacron Graft Aneurysm Treated by Endovascular Stent-Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Ofer, Amos; Nitecki, Samy; Hoffman, Aaron; Engel, Ahuva

    2001-01-15

    A 72-year old man who underwent aorto-bifemoral bypass with insertion of a Dacron graft 18 years previously presented with an aneurysm in the left limb of his graft. Angiography also demonstrated a bilateral occlusion of the popliteal arteries. Computed tomography (CT) angiography was performed and showed a localized dilation of 3 cm in the left limb of the graft, which had a diameter of 14 mm throughout. In view of the technical difficulties of a surgical procedure, an endovascular stent was considered. Through a left femoral arteriotomy, a stent graft was inserted and deployed in the left limb of the graft. This resulted in total exclusion of the Dacron graft aneurysm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of such a procedure.

  19. Impact of pancreatic venous drainage site on long-term patient and graft outcome in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation.

    PubMed

    Petruzzo, Palmina; Lefrancois, Nicole; Berthillot, Celine; Danjou, Fabrice; Contu, Paolo; Codas, Ricardo; Morelon, Emmanuel; Dubernard, Jean Michel; Martin, Xavier; Badet, Lionel

    2008-01-01

    The impact of portal or systemic venous pancreas graft drainage on patient and graft outcome remains controversial. In the present study, the impact of venous drainage type on long-term patient and graft survival is assessed. From July 1996 to December 2002 80 simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplants were enrolled into a prospective study: 44 received a pancreas allograft with portal (P-SPK group) and 36 with systemic venous drainage (S-SPK group). Enteric exocrine drainage was performed in all recipients receiving the same immunosuppressive treatment. At one yr, the patient survival rates were 91.7% and 95.5% both for S-SPK and P-SPK groups, respectively; no significant difference in survival was shown at any time point of the follow-up. The one-, three-, five-, and eight-yr pancreas survival rates were 75%, 60.6%, 56.7%, and 44%, respectively in the S-SPK group compared to 88.6%, 84.1%, 78.4%, and 31.3% in the P-SPK group. The one-, three-, five-, and eight-yr kidney survival rates were 91.7%, 78.15%, 74.1%, and 57.9%, respectively in the S-SPK group compared to 93.2%, 88.6%, 78.4%, and 38.9% in the P-SPK group. Comparing the two groups, no significant difference was shown in the total number of surgical complications as well as in the number of each complication. No significant difference in long-term outcomes between the two groups was shown, even if in S-SPK group a higher incidence of pancreas graft loss has been reported and it was in part correlated to a higher number of graft thromboses.

  20. Long-term clinical outcomes following the use of synthetic hydroxyapatite and bone graft in impaction in revision hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Aulakh, Tajeshwar S; Jayasekera, Narlaka; Kuiper, Jan-Herman; Richardson, James B

    2009-03-01

    Impaction grafting using morsellised allograft bone restores bone stock, but carries the potential for transmission of infection. Synthetic bone graft substitutes can eliminate this risk but may, however, influence outcome. In this study we tested the hypothesis that a 50/50 mix of hydroxyapatite and allograft does not affect long-term function, survival or radiological outcome. Sixty-five patients had revision hip arthroplasty using impaction grafting with either pure allograft (42 patients) or a 50/50 mixture of allograft and solid particulate hydroxyapatite. Harris hip scores were assessed pre-operatively and annual intervals thereafter. Function was analyzed using multilevel modeling, the Kaplan-Meier method used for survival analysis and graft incorporation was assessed radiologically. The hip score improved in both groups but showed a small annual decline (average 1.2/year, p<0.01). This decline was higher for females (average 3.4, p=0.025) and significantly related to pre-op scores (p<0.001). After adjusting for these, allograft patients had marginally higher scores (difference=3.1, p=0.3). The majority of revisions were for aseptic loosening. At 13 years survival in the allograft group was 84%, and 82% in the mixture group (p=0.96, log rank test). Radiologically the graft incorporation was similar in both groups (p=0.62). We conclude that long-term prosthesis survival and function following revision arthroplasty with a 50/50 mixture of allograft and hydroxyapatite are comparable to allograft alone.

  1. Impact of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on survival: current best available evidence

    PubMed Central

    Guida, Gustavo A.; Fudulu, Daniel; Bruno, Vito D.; Marsico, Roberto; Sedmakov, Hristo; Zakkar, Mustafa; Rapetto, Filippo; Bryan, Alan J.; Angelini, Gianni D.

    2016-01-01

    The superiority of either off-pump (OPCAB) or on-pump (ONCAB) coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains unclear despite a large body of literature evidence comparing the two approaches. The potential advantages of avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), minimizing aortic manipulation and maintaining pulsatile flow may be associated with reduced inflammatory responses and embolic events. Numerous studies compared OPCAB with ONCAB and the cumulative data have been presented in meta-analyses of both randomized and observational studies. Although there is an abundance of data with respect to the operative morbidity and mortality and the short-term outcomes associated with these two strategies, not much is known about how they impact long-term survival and recurrence of myocardial ischaemic events. Recent studies and meta-analyses have focused on long-term survival and major secondary outcomes in OPCAB vs. ONCAB within the general population. Significant limitations in methodology, however, have raised concerns about the strength of several randomized trials with restrictive inclusion criteria that reduced the populations to those at low risk only, thus creating result bias. Here, we present a review of the best available evidence with a focus on long-term outcomes. PMID:27942399

  2. Impact of graft-versus-host disease on outcomes after unrelated cord blood transplantation.

    PubMed

    Kanda, J; Morishima, Y; Terakura, S; Wake, A; Uchida, N; Takahashi, S; Ono, Y; Onishi, Y; Kanamori, H; Aotsuka, N; Ozawa, Y; Ogawa, H; Sakura, T; Ohashi, K; Ichinohe, T; Kato, K; Atsuta, Y; Teshima, T; Murata, M

    2017-03-01

    The effect of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) on transplant outcomes after unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT) has not been fully elucidated. We analyzed the impact of acute and chronic GVHD on outcomes in adult patients with acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome who underwent their first UCBT (n=2558). The effect of GVHD on outcomes was analyzed after adjusting for other significant variables. The occurrence of GVHD was treated as a time-dependent covariate. The occurrence of grade 1-2 or 3-4 acute GVHD was significantly associated with a lower relapse rate. Grade 3-4 acute GVHD was associated with a higher risk of non-relapse and overall mortality than no acute GVHD, whereas grade 1-2 acute GVHD was associated with a lower risk of non-relapse and overall mortality than no acute GVHD. Limited or extensive chronic GVHD was significantly associated with a lower relapse rate. Limited chronic GVHD was associated with a lower overall and non-relapse mortality than no chronic GVHD. In conclusion, mild acute or chronic GVHD was associated not only with a low risk of relapse but also with a low risk of non-relapse mortality, and provides a survival benefit in UCBT.

  3. Impact of Intensive Physiotherapy on Cognitive Function after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Cavalcante, Elder dos Santos; Magario, Rosmeiri; Conforti, César Augusto; Cipriano Júnior, Gerson; Arena, Ross; Carvalho, Antonio Carlos C.; Buffolo, Enio; Luna Filho, Bráulio

    2014-01-01

    Background Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a standard surgical option for patients with diffuse and significant arterial plaque. This procedure, however, is not free of postoperative complications, especially pulmonary and cognitive disorders. Objective This study aimed at comparing the impact of two different physiotherapy treatment approaches on pulmonary and cognitive function of patients undergoing CABG. Methods Neuropsychological and pulmonary function tests were applied, prior to and following CABG, to 39 patients randomized into two groups as follows: Group 1 (control) – 20 patients underwent one physiotherapy session daily; and Group 2 (intensive physiotherapy) – 19 patients underwent three physiotherapy sessions daily during the recovery phase at the hospital. Non-paired and paired Student t tests were used to compare continuous variables. Variables without normal distribution were compared between groups by using Mann-Whitney test, and, within the same group at different times, by using Wilcoxon test. The chi-square test assessed differences of categorical variables. Statistical tests with a p value ≤ 0.05 were considered significant. Results Changes in pulmonary function were not significantly different between the groups. However, while Group 2 patients showed no decline in their neurocognitive function, Group 1 patients showed a decline in their cognitive functions (P ≤ 0.01). Conclusion Those results highlight the importance of physiotherapy after CABG and support the implementation of multiple sessions per day, providing patients with better psychosocial conditions and less morbidity. PMID:25352459

  4. Isolated pancreas rejections do not have an adverse impact on kidney graft survival whereas kidney rejections are associated with adverse pancreas graft survival in simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation.

    PubMed

    Moinuddin, Irfan; Yaqub, Muhammad Sohail; Taber, Tim; Powelson, John; Fridell, Jonathan; Sharfuddin, Asif

    2017-09-16

    Diabetic Kidney Disease is associated with excessive mortality and morbidity. Simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation (SPK) significantly improves quality of life and increases life expectancy of uremic diabetic patients. It is not known whether pancreas and kidney rejections in these transplant patients is concordant or discordant. We analyzed clinical data on all SPK transplants performed between 2003 and 2014 at Indiana University to assess the impact of isolated or combined pancreas and kidney rejections on patient and allograft outcomes. The primary outcome of interest was kidney graft rejection within 1 year of pancreatic rejection and kidney survival in SPK patients with and without pancreatic rejection. Mean age of patients was 44 ± 9 years; 61.9% were males; 88% were Caucasians. A total of 23.8% of cases had rejection [8.7% pancreatic rejection alone (PA), 4.4% had concordant pancreas and kidney (PK) rejection, and 10.7% had kidney rejection alone(KA)]. PK had a worse effect on kidney graft survival than PA (p = 0.019). Neither pancreas rejection nor kidney rejection had an adverse effect on patient survival. However, both pancreas graft failure and kidney graft failure adversely affected patient survival. Tacrolimus levels were not significantly different in all groups over a 10 year period (p = 0.4584). Concordant pancreas kidney rejection is synergistically deleterious to kidney graft survival. Graft failure, not graft rejection, is adversely associated with patient survival.

  5. The impact of donor age and endothelial cell density on graft survival following penetrating keratoplasty.

    PubMed

    Wakefield, M J; Armitage, W J; Jones, M N A; Kaye, S B; Larkin, D F P; Tole, D; Prydal, J

    2016-07-01

    To determine if donor age and preoperative endothelial cell density (ECD) affect corneal endothelial failure following penetrating keratoplasty (PK). Preoperative and postoperative data for PKs performed in the UK between April 1999 and March 2012 were analysed. Donor age was split into three groups (0-60, 61-75 and >75 years) and donor ECD was split into three groups (≤2400, 2401-2600 and >2600 cells/mm(2)). Cox proportional hazards regression was used to determine whether the selected subgroups of donor age and donor ECD have an impact on endothelial failure and a systematic analysis of the interaction between donor ECD and donor age was conducted. The analysis was stratified for primary corneal diagnosis (Fuchs endothelial dystrophy (FED), pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK) and other) and corrected for potentially confounding factors (human leukocyte antigen matching, donor trephine diameter, deep vascularisation, the occurrence of reversible rejection episodes and receipt of systemic antiviral medication, long-term steroids or other immunosuppressive agents). A total of 9415 patients, from the National Health Service Blood and Transplant UK Transplant Registry, who received their first PK for visual reasons were included in this study. The overall 5-year graft survival rate due to endothelial failure was 89%. Survival rates in recipients with FED, PBK and 'all other indications' were 95%, 83% and 89%, respectively. Our analysis shows that donor ECD did not affect outcome following corneal graft within the preselected categories, irrespective of diagnosis and after allowing for any potential confounding factors. Furthermore, HRs for each level of donor ECD, relative to >2600 cells/mm(2), for each combination of age group and indication, were not statistically significant. We were unable to detect a significant effect of donor age, up to 90 years, and preoperative donor ECD, above the lower limit of 2200 cells/mm(2), on endothelial failure at 5

  6. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000972.htm Slipped capital femoral epiphysis To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. A slipped capital femoral epiphysis is a separation of the ball ...

  7. Skin graft

    MedlinePlus

    ... that need skin grafts to heal Venous ulcers, pressure ulcers , or diabetic ulcers that do not heal Very ... graft; Full thickness skin graft Patient Instructions Preventing pressure ulcers Surgical wound care - open Images Skin graft Skin ...

  8. The Renal Impact of Aortic Stent-Grafting in Patients with a Horseshoe Kidney

    SciTech Connect

    Jackson, Ralph W. Fay, Dominic M.; Wyatt, Mike G.; Rose, John D.

    2004-11-15

    Aortic stent grafting may be an alternative to surgery for patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm and coexistent horseshoe kidney but is not without difficulties. This study examines the renal consequences of aortic stent grafting in such patients. This is a retrospective review of patients with horseshoe kidney in whom aortic stent grafting was performed between December 1995 and August 2000. Follow-up occurred within the EUROSTAR protocol and included measurement of serum creatinine. Of 130 patients in whom aortic stent grafting was performed, 4 had coexistent horseshoe kidney. In all patients the aneurysm was successfully excluded with the occlusion of between one and four anomalous renal arteries. At follow-up, no clinically significant renal impairment was detected. Endovascular aneurysm repair is an attractive option for patients with a horseshoe kidney and normal preoperative creatinine levels.

  9. Impact of frailty on outcomes in geriatric femoral neck fracture management: An analysis of national surgical quality improvement program dataset.

    PubMed

    Dayama, Anand; Olorunfemi, Odunayo; Greenbaum, Simon; Stone, Melvin E; McNelis, John

    2016-04-01

    Frailty is a clinical state of increased vulnerability resulting from aging-associated decline in physiologic reserve. Hip fractures are serious fall injuries that affect our aging population. We retrospectively sought to study the effect of frailty on postoperative outcomes after Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) and Hemiarthroplasty (HA) for femoral neck fracture in a national data set. National Surgical Quality Improvement Project dataset (NSQIP) was queried to identify THA and HA for a primary diagnosis femoral neck fracture using ICD-9 codes. Frailty was assessed using the modified frailty index (mFI) derived from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality and secondary outcomes were 30-day morbidity and failure to rescue (FTR). We used multivariate logistic regression to estimate odds ratio for outcomes while controlling for confounders. Of 3121 patients, mean age of patients was 77.34 ± 9.8 years. The overall 30-day mortality was 6.4% (3.2%-THA and 7.2%-HA). One or more severe complications (Clavien-Dindo class-IV) occurred in 7.1% patients (6.7%-THA vs.7.2%-HA). Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for mortality in the group with the higher than median frailty score were 2 (95%CI, 1.4-3.7) after HA and 3.9 (95%CI, 1.3-11.1) after THA. Similarly, in separate multivariate analysis for Clavien-Dindo Class-IV complications and failure to rescue 1.6 times (CI95% 1.15-2.25) and 2.1 times (CI95% 1.12-3.93) higher odds were noted in above median frailty group. mFI is an independent predictor of mortality among patients undergoing HA and THA for femoral neck fracture beyond traditional risk factors such as age, ASA class, and other comorbidities. Level II. Copyright © 2016 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Extracellular matrix regenerative graft attenuates the negative impact of polypropylene prolapse mesh on vagina in rhesus macaque.

    PubMed

    Liang, Rui; Knight, Katrina; Barone, William; Powers, Robert W; Nolfi, Alexis; Palcsey, Stacy; Abramowitch, Steven; Moalli, Pamela A

    2017-02-01

    The use of wide pore lightweight polypropylene mesh to improve anatomical outcomes in the surgical repair of prolapse has been hampered by mesh complications. One of the prototype prolapse meshes has been found to negatively impact the vagina by inducing a decrease in smooth muscle volume and contractility and the degradation of key structural proteins (collagen and elastin), resulting in vaginal degeneration. Recently, bioscaffolds derived from extracellular matrix have been used to mediate tissue regeneration and have been widely adopted in tissue engineering applications. Here we aimed to: (1) define whether augmentation of a polypropylene prolapse mesh with an extracellular matrix regenerative graft in a primate sacrocolpopexy model could mitigate the degenerative changes; and (2) determine the impact of the extracellular matrix graft on vagina when implanted alone. A polypropylene-extracellular matrix composite graft (n = 9) and a 6-layered extracellular matrix graft alone (n = 8) were implanted in 17 middle-aged parous rhesus macaques via sacrocolpopexy and compared to historical data obtained from sham (n = 12) and the polypropylene mesh (n = 12) implanted by the same method. Vaginal function was measured in passive (ball-burst test) and active (smooth muscle contractility) mechanical tests. Vaginal histomorphologic/biochemical assessments included hematoxylin-eosin and trichrome staining, immunofluorescent labeling of α-smooth muscle actin and apoptotic cells, measurement of total collagen, collagen subtypes (ratio III/I), mature elastin, and sulfated glycosaminoglycans. Statistical analyses included 1-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis, and appropriate post-hoc tests. The host inflammatory response in the composite mesh-implanted vagina was reduced compared to that following implantation with the polypropylene mesh alone. The increase in apoptotic cells observed with the polypropylene mesh was blunted in the composite (overall P < .001). Passive

  11. Extracellular matrix regenerative graft attenuates the negative impact of polypropylene prolapse mesh on vagina in rhesus macaque

    PubMed Central

    Liang, Rui; Knight, Katrina; Barone, William; Powers, Robert W.; Nolfi, Alexis; Palcsey, Stacy; Abramowitch, Steven; Moalli, Pamela A.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND The use of wide pore lightweight polypropylene mesh to improve anatomical outcomes in the surgical repair of prolapse has been hampered by mesh complications. One of the prototype prolapse meshes has been found to negatively impact the vagina by inducing a decrease in smooth muscle volume and contractility and the degradation of key structural proteins (collagen and elastin), resulting in vaginal degeneration. Recently, bioscaffolds derived from extracellular matrix have been used to mediate tissue regeneration and have been widely adopted in tissue engineering applications. OBJECTIVE Here we aimed to: (1) define whether augmentation of a polypropylene prolapse mesh with an extracellular matrix regenerative graft in a primate sacrocolpopexy model could mitigate the degenerative changes; and (2) determine the impact of the extracellular matrix graft on vagina when implanted alone. STUDY DESIGN A polypropylene-extracellular matrix composite graft (n = 9) and a 6-layered extracellular matrix graft alone (n = 8) were implanted in 17 middle-aged parous rhesus macaques via sacrocolpopexy and compared to historical data obtained from sham (n = 12) and the polypropylene mesh (n = 12) implanted by the same method. Vaginal function was measured in passive (ball-burst test) and active (smooth muscle contractility) mechanical tests. Vaginal histomorphologic/ biochemical assessments included hematoxylin-eosin and trichrome staining, immunofluorescent labeling of α-smooth muscle actin and apoptotic cells, measurement of total collagen, collagen subtypes (ratio III/ I), mature elastin, and sulfated glycosaminoglycans. Statistical analyses included 1-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis, and appropriate posthoc tests. RESULTS The host inflammatory response in the composite mesh-implanted vagina was reduced compared to that following implantation with the polypropylene mesh alone. The increase in apoptotic cells observed with the polypropylene mesh was blunted in

  12. Limited Impact of Imatinib in a Murine Model of Sclerodermatous Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease

    PubMed Central

    Somja, Joan; Binsfeld, Marilène; Delvenne, Philippe; Drion, Pierre; Hannon, Muriel; Beguin, Yves; Ehx, Grégory; Baron, Frédéric

    2016-01-01

    Background Sclerodermatous chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease (scl-cGVHD) is one of the most severe form of cGVHD. The Platelet-derived Grotwth Factor (PDGF) and the Transforming Growth Factor-β (TGF-β) play a significant role in the fibrosing process occurring in scl-cGVHD. This prompted us to assess the impact of the PDGF-r and c-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib on scl-cGVHD. Methods To assess the impact of imatinib on T cell subset proliferation in vivo, Balb/cJ recipient mice were lethally (7 Gy) irradiated and then injected with 10x106 bone marrow cells from B10.D2 mice on day 0. Fourteen days later, 70x106 carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE)-labeled splenocytes from B10.D2 mice were infused and imatinib or sterile water was administered for 5 days. To induce severe scl-cGVHD, Balb/cJ mice were injected i.v. with 10.106 bone marrow cells and 70.106 splenocytes from B10.D2 donor mice after 7 Gy irradiation. Mice were then given sterile water or imatinib from day +7 after transplantation to the end of the experiment (day +52). Results Imatinib decreased the proliferation of total T cells (P = 0.02), CD8+ T cells (P = 0.01), and of regulatory T cells (Tregs) (P = 0.02) in the spleen. In the severe scl-cGVHD model, imatinib-treated mice had significantly lower levels of PDGF-r phosphorylation than control mice on day 29 after transplantation (P = 0.008). However, scl-cGVHD scores were similar between vehicle- and imatinib-treated mice during the whole experiment, while there was a suggestion for less weight loss in imatinib-treated mice that reached statistical significance at day +52 following transplantation (P = 0.02). Conclusions Imatinib had a limited impact in murine scl-cGVHD despite significant inhibition of PDGF-r. PMID:27942010

  13. Impact of intraprosthetic drilling on the strength of the femoral stem in periprosthetic fractures: A finite element investigation.

    PubMed

    Brand, Stephan; Bauer, Michael; Petri, Maximilian; Schrader, Julian; Maier, Hans J; Krettek, Christian; Hassel, Thomas

    2016-07-01

    Treatment of periprosthetic femur fractures after total hip arthroplasty remains a major challenge in orthopedic surgery. Recently, a novel surgical technique using intraprosthetic screw fixation has been suggested. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of drilling the femoral hip stem on integrity and strength of the implant. The hypothesis was that intraprosthetic drilling and screw fixation would not cause the load limit of the prosthesis to be exceeded and that deformation would remain within the elastic limit. A sawbone model with a conventional straight hip stem was used and a Vancouver C periprosthetic fracture was created. The fracture was fixed with a nine-hole less invasive stabilization system plate with two screws drilled and inserted through the femoral hip stem. Three different finite element models were created using ANSYS software. The models increased in complexity including joint forces and stress risers from three different dimensions. A variation of drilling positions was analyzed. Due to the complexity of the physiological conditions in the human femur, the most complex finite element model provided the most realistic results. Overall, significant changes in the stresses to the prosthesis caused by the drilling procedure were observed. While the stresses at the site of the bore hole decreased, the load increased in the surrounding stem material. This effect is more pronounced and further the holes were apart, and it was found that increasing the number of holes could counteract this. The maximum load was still found to be in the area of the prosthesis neck. No stresses above the load limit of titanium alloy were detected. All deformations of the prosthesis stem remained in the elastic range. These results may indicate a potential role for intraprosthetic screw fixation in the future treatment of periprosthetic femur fractures.

  14. The impact of preventive measures on the burden of femoral fractures - a modelling approach to estimating the impact of fall prevention exercises and oral bisphosphonate treatment for the years 2014 and 2025.

    PubMed

    Benzinger, Petra; Becker, Clemens; Todd, Chris; Bleibler, Florian; Rothenbacher, Dietrich; König, Hans-Helmut; Rapp, Kilian

    2016-04-01

    Due to the demographic transition with a growing number of old and oldest-old persons the absolute number of fragility fractures is expected to increase in industrialized countries unless effective preventive efforts are intensified. The main causes leading to fractures are osteoporosis and falls. The aim of this study is to develop population based models of the potential impact of fall-prevention exercise and oral bisphosphonates over the coming decade. The German federal state of Bavaria served as the model population. Model interventions were limited to community-dwelling persons aged 65 years and older. Models are based on fall-prevention exercise being offered to all persons aged 70 to 89 years and oral bisphosphonate treatment offered to all persons with osteoporosis as defined by a T-score of ≤ - 2.5. Treatment effect sizes are estimated from meta-analyses. Reduction in all femoral fractures in the population of community-dwelling persons aged 65 years and older is the outcome of interest. A spreadsheet-based modelling approach was used for prediction. In 2014, reduction of femoral fractures by 10 % required 21 % of all community-dwelling persons aged 70-89 to participate in fall-prevention exercise, or 37 % of those with osteoporosis to receive oral bisphosphonates. Without intervention, demographic changes will result in a 24 % increase in femoral fractures by 2025. To lower the increase of fractures between 2014 and 2025 to 10 %, fall-prevention-exercise participation rate needs to be 25 % and bisphosphonate treatment rates 41 %, whereas to hold the 2025 rates flat at 2014 rates require 43 % fall-prevention-exercises participation, and is not achievable using oral bisphosphonates. Unrealistic high treatment and participation rates of the two analysed measures are needed to achieve substantial effects on the expected burden of femoral fractures at present and in the future.

  15. Impact of diabetes mellitus on outcomes in Japanese patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Minakata, Kenji; Bando, Ko; Takanashi, Shuichiro; Konishi, Hiroaki; Miyamoto, Yoshihiro; Ueshima, Kenji; Sato, Tosiya; Ueda, Yuichi; Okita, Yutaka; Masuda, Izuru; Okabayashi, Hitoshi; Yaku, Hitoshi; Yasuno, Shinji; Muranaka, Hiroyuki; Kasahara, Masato; Miyata, Shigeki; Okamura, Yoshitaka; Nasu, Michihiro; Tanemoto, Kazuo; Arinaga, Koichi; Hisashi, Yosuke; Sakata, Ryuzo

    2012-05-01

    There have been no large-scale studies on the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on outcomes in Japanese patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A multi-institutional retrospective cohort study was conducted in 14 Japanese centers. All adult patients who underwent isolated CABG from 2007 to 2008 were included (n=1522, mean age: 68.5years). The definitions of DM were all patients admitted with diagnosis of DM and preoperative glycated hemoglobin (Hb) A1c≥6.5%. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk of morbidity and mortality. There were 849 DM and 572 non-DM patients. Preoperative mean HbA1c were 7.1% in the DM group and 5.7% in the non-DM group (p<0.0001). Preoperative, intraoperative, and 3-day average postoperative blood glucose (BG) were 146mg/dl, 172mg/dl, and 168mg/dl in the DM group, and 103mg/dl, 140mg/dl, and 136mg/dl in the non-DM group (all p<0.0001). Although there were no significant differences in postoperative cardiovascular events, the incidence of infection was significantly higher in the DM group than in the non-DM group (9.2% vs 6.1%, p=0.036) on the univariate analysis. The all-cause death was also relatively higher in the DM group than in the non-DM group (2.1% vs 1.1%, p=0.12), and this was likely related to infection. DM patients had worse perioperative BG control, higher incidence of infection, and higher mortality than non-DM patients. These results indicate that perioperative BG control guidelines should be standardized to obtain better surgical outcomes in Japanese DM patients. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  16. Impact of grafted serotonin and dopamine neurons on development of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesias in parkinsonian rats is determined by the extent of dopamine neuron degeneration.

    PubMed

    Carlsson, Thomas; Carta, Manolo; Muñoz, Ana; Mattsson, Bengt; Winkler, Christian; Kirik, Deniz; Björklund, Anders

    2009-02-01

    Previous studies have shown that serotonin neurons play an important role in the induction and maintenance of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in animals with lesion of the nigrostriatal dopamine system. Patients with Parkinson's disease that receive transplants of foetal ventral mesencephalic tissue, the graft cell preparation is likely to contain, in addition to dopamine neurons, serotonin neurons that will vary in number depending on the landmarks used for dissection. Here, we have studied the impact of grafted serotonin neurons--alone or mixed with dopamine neurons--on the development of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in rats with a partial 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of the host nigrostriatal projection. In these rats, which showed only low-level dyskinesia at the time of transplantation, serotonin grafts induced a worsening in the severity of dyskinesia that developed during continued L-DOPA treatment, while the dopamine-rich graft had the opposite, dampening effect. The detrimental effect seen in animals with serotonin neuron grafts was dramatically increased when the residual dopamine innervation in the striatum was removed by a second 6-hydroxydopamine lesion. Interestingly, rats with grafts that contained a mixture of dopamine and serotonin neurons (in approximately 2:1) showed a marked reduction in L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia over time, and the appearance of severe dyskinesia induced by the removal of the residual dopamine innervation, seen in the animals with transplants of serotonin neurons alone, was blocked. FosB expression in the striatal projection neurons, which is associated with dyskinesias, was also normalized by the dopamine-rich grafts, but not by the serotonin neuron grafts. These data indicate that as long as a sufficient portion, some 10-20%, of the dopamine innervation still remains, the increased host serotonin innervation generated by the grafted serotonin neurons will have limited effect on the development or severity of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesias. At

  17. Impact of Kidney Graft Weight-to-Recipient Body Weight Ratio on Long-Term Graft Function in Living Donor Kidney Transplant.

    PubMed

    Simforoosh, Nasser; Soltani, Mohammad Hossein; Kashi, Amirhossein; Basiri, Abbas; Tabibi, Ali; Narouie, Behzad; Yahyazadeh, Seyed Reza

    2017-10-01

    Our objective was to evaluate the effect of kidney graft weight-to-recipient body weight ratio as a nonimmune factor that may affect long-term graft function. We retrospectively collected data from 2531 living donor kidney transplant procedures performed between 1994 and 2010 at Shahid Labbafinejad Medical Center; 635 patients were included in this study. Each kidney was weighed after cold wash. The kidney weight-to-recipient body weight ratio was calculated. As an indicator of graft function, we used the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study Group equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate. For statistical analyses, we used simple linear regression analysis and the mixed model test using SPSS version 17.0 software (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA). Mean age of recipients and median follow-up duration were 37.5 years (range, 6-77 y) and 36 months (range, 25-84 mo). Long-term graft function showed a positive correlation with kidney graft-to-recipient body weight ratio but not with the graft weight alone. The magnitude of this correlation was higher early after surgery (day 7) and decreased with long-term follow-up but was still statistically significant (P < .001). From our results, we conclude that kidney graft-to-recipient body weight ratio is correlated with the kidney graft function; graft size matching may be considered for kidney donor selection.

  18. The impact of grafted modification of silicone surfaces with quantum-sized materials on protein adsorption and bacterial adhesion.

    PubMed

    Nune, C; Xu, W; Misra, R D K

    2012-12-01

    The majority of the infections associated with the biomedical devices including cardiovascular implants and catheters are instigated by the adhesion of bacteria including staphylococcus aureus, which is subsequently followed by biofilm formation. Keeping in mind the detrimental effect of bacterial adhesion, the objective of the study is to probe the impact of grafted modification of silicone surfaces with quantum-sized carbon on biofilm formation. Also, explored is the effect of protein adsorption on modified surface and its subsequent influence on bacterial adhesion. We compare and contrast the architecture and foot print of protein adsorption on unmodified and modified model silicone surfaces on bacterial adhesion. The study underscores that protein adsorption on quantum-sized carbon-grafted surface acts as a repellant for bacterial adhesion because of steric repulsion between the negatively charged protein and bacteria. Thus, we establish here the efficacy of modified surfaces in preventing biofilm formation.

  19. [Isolated true aneurysm of the deep femoral artery].

    PubMed

    Salomon du Mont, L; Holzer, T; Kazandjian, C; Saucy, F; Corpataux, J M; Rinckenbach, S; Déglise, S

    2016-07-01

    Aneurysms of the deep femoral artery, accounting for 5% of all femoral aneurysms, are uncommon. There is a serious risk of rupture. We report the case of an 83-year-old patient with a painless pulsatile mass in the right groin due to an aneurysm of the deep femoral artery. History taking revealed no cardiovascular risk factors and no other aneurysms at other localizations. The etiology remained unclear because no recent history of local trauma or puncture was found. ACT angiography was performed, revealing a true isolated aneurysm of the deep femoral artery with a diameter of 90mm, beginning 1cm after its origin. There were no signs of rupture or distal emboli. Due to unsuitable anatomy for an endovascular approach, the patient underwent open surgery, with exclusion of the aneurysm and interposition of an 8-mm Dacron graft to preserve deep femoral artery flow. Due to their localization, the diagnosis and the management of aneurysms of the deep femoral artery can be difficult. Options are surgical exclusion or an endovascular approach in the absence of symptoms or as a bridging therapy. If possible, blood flow to the distal deep femoral artery should be maintained, the decision depending also on the patency of the superficial femoral artery. In case of large size, aneurysms of the deep femoral artery should be treated without any delay.

  20. Reverse distal femoral locking compression plate a salvage option in nonunion of proximal femoral fractures

    PubMed Central

    Dumbre Patil, Sampat S; Karkamkar, Sachin S; Patil, Vaishali S Dumbre; Patil, Shailesh S; Ranaware, Abhijeet S

    2016-01-01

    Background: When primary fixation of proximal femoral fractures with implants fails, revision osteosynthesis may be challenging. Tracts of previous implants and remaining insufficient bone stock in the proximal femur pose unique problems for the treatment. Intramedullary implants like proximal femoral nail (PFN) or surface implants like Dynamic Condylar Screw (DCS) are few of the described implants for revision surgery. There is no evidence in the literature to choose one implant over the other. We used the reverse distal femur locking compression plate (LCP) of the contralateral side in such cases undergoing revision surgery. This implant has multiple options of fixation in proximal femur and its curvature along the length matches the anterior bow of the femur. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of this implant in salvage situations. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients of failed primary proximal femoral fractures who underwent revision surgery with reverse distal femoral locking plate from February 2009 to November 2012 were included in this retrospective study. There were 18 subtrochanteric fractures and two ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fractures, which exhibited delayed union or nonunion. The study included 14 males and six females. The mean patient age was 43.6 years (range 22–65 years) and mean followup period was 52.1 months (range 27–72 months). Delayed union was considered when clinical and radiological signs of union failed to progress at the end of four months from initial surgery. Results: All fractures exhibited union without any complications. Union was assessed clinically and radiologically. One case of ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fracture required bone grafting at the second stage for delayed union of the femoral shaft fracture. Conclusions: Reverse distal femoral LCP of the contralateral side can be used as a salvage option for failed fixation of proximal femoral fractures exhibiting nonunion. PMID:27512218

  1. Numerical simulation of blood flow in femoral perfusion: comparison between side-armed femoral artery perfusion and direct femoral artery perfusion.

    PubMed

    Kitamura, Shingo; Shirota, Minori; Fukuda, Wakako; Inamura, Takao; Fukuda, Ikuo

    2016-12-01

    Computational numerical analysis was performed to elucidate the flow dynamics of femoral artery perfusion. Numerical simulation of blood flow was performed from the right femoral artery in an aortic model. An incompressible Navier-Stokes equation and continuity equation were solved using computed flow dynamics software. Three different perfusion models were analyzed: a 4.0-mm cannula (outer diameter 15 French size), a 5.2-mm cannula (18 French size) and an 8-mm prosthetic graft. The cannula was inserted parallel to the femoral artery, while the graft was anastomosed perpendicular to the femoral artery. Shear stress was highest with the 4-mm cannula (172 Pa) followed by the graft (127 Pa) and the 5.2-mm cannula (99 Pa). The cannula exit velocity was high, even when the 5.2-mm cannula was used. Although side-armed perfusion with an 8-mm graft generated a high shear stress area near the point of anastomosis, flow velocity at the external iliac artery was decreased. The jet speed decreased due to the Coanda effect caused by the recirculation behind sudden expansion of diameter, and the flow velocity maintains a constant speed after the reattachment length of the flow. This study showed that iliac artery shear stress was lower with the 5.2-mm cannula than with the 4-mm cannula when used for femoral perfusion. Side-armed graft perfusion generates a high shear stress area around the anastomotic site, but flow velocity in the iliac artery is slower in the graft model than in the 5.2-mm cannula model.

  2. Impact of starch content on protein adsorption characteristics in amphiphilic hybrid graft copolymers.

    PubMed

    Sengupta, Arijit; Linehan, Allison R; Iovine, Peter M

    2016-01-01

    Amphiphilic hybrid graft copolymers were synthesized using a graft-to methodology and their protein adsorption profiles studied. Three different hydrophilic side chains were studied: hydroxypropylated high amylose starch, maltodextrin, and polyethylene glycol (PEG). In the high amylose starch compositions, there was a pronounced decrease in protein adsorption with increasing polysaccharide content. As the starch content in the graft copolymers increased from 10 wt% to 53 wt%, BSA protein adsorption decreased by 83% whereas fibrinogen adsorption was reduced by 40%. Comparisons between the starch-containing hybrid polymers and their respective hydrophobic urethane-linked polyesters were also made. Hybrid 53, containing 53 wt% starch, showed a 85% reduction in BSA adsorption and 51% reduction in fibrinogen relative to their urethane-linked polyester backbone controls. Grafting branched high amylopectin-derived maltodextrin to the synthetic polymer backbones also conferred modest protein resistance to the hydrophobic backbone polymer. Lastly, it was found that a high amylose graft structure provided comparable, if not slightly more effective, protein resistance compared to a similarly constructed PEG-containing amphiphilic copolymer.

  3. Impact of squalene-based adjuvanted influenza vaccination on graft outcome in kidney transplant recipients.

    PubMed

    Fernández-Ruiz, M; Lumbreras, C; Arrazola, M P; López-Medrano, F; Andrés, A; Morales, J M; de Juanes, J R; Aguado, J M

    2015-04-01

    Safety concerns have been raised about the use of adjuvanted vaccines after kidney transplantation. We retrospectively analyzed 65 kidney transplant (KT) recipients who received ≥1 dose of influenza vaccine (pandemic or seasonal) during the 2009-2010 campaign. Participants were classified into 2 groups: those who received a squalene-based AS03- or MF59-adjuvanted vaccine ("adjuvanted vaccination" [AV] group, n = 37) and those who exclusively received non-adjuvanted vaccines ("non-adjuvanted vaccination" [NAV] group, n = 28). Primary outcomes included occurrence of biopsy-proven acute graft rejection (BPAR) and graft function at months 6 and 12 after vaccination. Patients were followed up until graft loss, death, or October 2010. Four episodes of BPAR occurred during post-vaccination follow-up, with no differences between the AV and NAV groups, in terms of cumulative incidence (5.4% vs. 7.1%, respectively; P = 0.581), incidence rate (0.22 vs. 0.18 episodes per 1000 transplant-days; P = 0.950), or occurrence of severe episodes (T-cell-mediated BPAR of grade ≥2a) (2.7% vs. 3.6%; P = 0.680). No between-group differences were seen in graft function after vaccination. Adjuvanted influenza vaccination in KT recipients seems to be safe regarding graft outcome. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. The Impact of Autologous Fat Grafting on Breast Cancer: An Experimental Model Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

    PubMed

    Millet, Eran; Haik, Josef; Ofir, Elad; Mardor, Yael; Winkler, Eyal; Harats, Moti; Tessone, Ariel

    2016-05-01

    Although fat grafting is a common technique to repair defects after breast cancer reconstruction surgery and has a low complication rate, the relation between fat grafting and the risk of breast cancer is unknown. Clinical trials to investigate this connection can elucidate the benefits and potential risks of fat grafting in oncology patients. To establish an efficient experimental model, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, for comparing different breast tumor study groups post-fat grafting. Breast tumor cells were injected into immunocompromised mice. After tumors formed they were removed. Liposuction was performed in a female human donor and fat was collected. Cells were extracted from the fat by enzymatic digestion. Immunocompromised mice were randomized into four groups: a preliminary experiment group and three equal groups according to the type of fat graft: (i) fresh fat enriched with adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AdMSCs), (ii) fresh fat without cell enrichment, and (iii) no fat injected. Tumor volume was assessed by serial MRI scans. The rate of tumor growth was higher in the enriched fat group compared to the non-enriched fat group. This experimental model is an effective measurable method, allowing future investigation of the effect of autologous fat on breast cancer.

  5. Grafting of bifunctional phosphonic and carboxylic acids on Phynox: Impact of induction heating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devillers, S.; Lanners, L.; Delhalle, J.; Mekhalif, Z.

    2011-05-01

    Phynox, a cobalt-chromium alloy, exhibits interesting mechanical properties making it a valuable material for a number of applications. However, its applications (especially biomedical ones) often require specific surface properties that can be imparted via suitable surface functionalizations. Based on Faraday's law of induction, induction heating is a widely used method to heat metallic substrates directly and contactless. The aim of this work is to compare the influence of induction heating and a conventional heating method on the functionalization of Phynox surfaces with bifunctional (6-phosphonohexanoic and 11-phosphoundecanoic acids) monolayers in order to create a platform for a large variety of post-grafting chemical reactions, e.g. with alcohols and amines, to modify and control the surface properties. In a first part, we assess the influence of the heating method on the interaction between the two terminal moieties of the 6-phosphonohexanoic and 11-phosphoundecanoic acids and the Phynox surface by studying the grafting of n-dodecylphosphonic acid and n-dodecanoic acid separately. The suitability of such bifunctional molecules for post-grafting chemical reactions has then been assessed by studying the post-grafting of a fluorinated alcohol by the Steglich esterification reaction between the carboxylic end of the grafted bifunctional molecules and the alcohol function of the post-grafted molecule. It has been shown that induction heating can lead to a much more selective adsorption of bifunctional molecules on the surface of Phynox, leaving a higher amount of free carboxylic acid functions to react during the second modification step.

  6. Femoral bowing plane adaptation to femoral anteversion

    PubMed Central

    Akman, Alp; Demirkan, Fahir; Sabir, Nuran; Oto, Murat; Yorukoglu, Cagdas; Kiter, Esat

    2017-01-01

    Background: Femoral bowing plane (FBP) is the unattended subject in the literature. More over the femoral shaft with its bowing is neglected in established anteversion determination methods. There is limited information about the relationship between FBP and anteversion. Thus we focused on this subject and hypothesized that there could be an adaptation of FBP to anteversion. Materials and Methods: FBP is determined on three-dimensional solid models derived from the left femoral computerized tomography data of 47 patients which were taken before for another reason and comparatively evaluated with anteversion. There were 20 women and 27 men. The mean age of patients was 56 years (range 21–84 years). Results: The anteversion values were found as the angle between a distal condylar axis (DCA) and femoral neck anteversion axis (FNAA) along an imaginary longitudinal femoral axis (LFA) in the true cranio-caudal view. The FBP was determined as a plane that passes through the centre-points of three pre-determinated sections on the femoral shaft. The angles between DCA, FNAA and FBP were comparatively evaluated. The independent samples t-test was used for statistical analysis. At the end, it was found that FBP lies nearly perpendicular to the anteversion axis for the mean of our sample which is around 89° in females and 93° in males (range 78–102°). On the other hand, FBP does not lie close to the sagittal femoral plane (SFP); instead, there is an average 12.5° external rotation relative to the SFP. FBP is correlated well with anteversion in terms of FBP inclination from SFP and femoral torsion (i.e., angle between FBP and femoral neck anteversion axis (P < 0.001; r = 0.680 and r = −0.682, respectively). Combined correlation is perfect (R2 = 1) as the FBP, SFP, and posterior femoral plane forms a triangle in the cranio-caudal view. Conclusions: We found that FBP adapts to anteversion. As FBP lies close to perpendicularity for the mean, femoral component positioning

  7. The impact of method on kidney graft and patient survival in kidney-pancreas transplantations for type I diabetes mellitus.

    PubMed

    Dinckan, Ayhan; Aliosmanoglu, Ibrahim; Kocak, Huseyin; Mesci, Ayhan; Altunbas, Hasan; Gurkan, Alihan

    2015-01-01

    Patients who develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD) associated with Type I Diabetes Mellitus may receive kidney alone (KA) transplantation, simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation, or a pancreas after kidney (PAK) transplantation. The goal of this study is to examine the long-term impact of pancreas transplantation on kidney graft and patient survival rates. A total of 85 transplantation cases, consisting of 30 that received living donor KA, 21 that received SPK, and 34 that received PAK, from 2003-2010 at Akdeniz University Organ Transplantation Institute were retrospectively screened. There was a graft loss in 4 cases from the KA group, and in 1 case from each of the SPK and PAK groups. The five-year kidney graft survival rates were 86.7% in KA, 95.2% in SPK, and 97.1% in PAK. There was a single patient loss in both KA and SPK. The kidney survival percentages were higher in SPK and PAK groups compared to the KA group. Therefore, SPK should be the primary preference in these patients; however, for the cases that have a living donor, pancreas transplantation should be considered after kidney transplantation, or the patients can be followed-up on with close blood sugar control.

  8. The impact of donor-specific antibodies on graft outcome in pediatric renal transplantation from deceased donors.

    PubMed

    Piątosa, Barbara; Kwiatkowska, Aneta; Rubik, Jacek; Jarmużek, Wioletta; Kluge, Przemysław; Grenda, Ryszard

    2011-01-01

    Despite prospective crossmatching and modern immunosuppression, early acute rejection is still present in cadaveric renal transplantation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of preformed anti-donor antibodies, detected by 2 solid-phase techniques, and to analyze their impact on early renal allograft outcome. Flow crossmatch detecting the presence of anti-donor IgG and IgM antibodies was performed in pre-transplant sera of 279 patients with negative cytotoxic crossmatch. Screening for IgG antibodies detected by bead-based multiplex technique was performed in sera of 69 patients from the FCXM group. The incidence of early biopsy-proven rejection and graft failure within 3 months after transplantation was analyzed. Anti-donor IgG antibodies were detected in 33 patients (11.8%) by flow crossmatch and in 10 patients by multiplex (14.5%). IgM antibodies were detected in 23 patients (8.2%). All multiplex-positive sera were also positive for IgG by flow crossmatch, but in 18 cases no antibodies were found by multiplex technique. Biopsy-proven acute rejection within 3 months after transplantation was observed in 16 patients, and 5 allografts were lost due to immunological reasons. Presence of IgG antibodies was found to have no effect on early outcome, while the presence of IgM antibodies was associated with significantly higher rejection rate and immune-related graft failure. Anti-donor IgG antibodies detected by bead-based and cell-based technique have no impact on biopsy-proven rejection rate or graft failure. Anti-donor IgM detected by flow crossmatch have significant impact on early transplantation outcome.

  9. Development of Femoral Head Interior Supporting Device and 3D Finite Element Analysis of its Application in the Treatment of Femoral Head Avascular Necrosis

    PubMed Central

    Xiao, Dongmin; Ye, Ming; Li, Xinfa; Yang, Lifeng

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to develop and perform the 3D finite element analysis of a femoral head interior supporting device (FHISD). Material/Methods The 3D finite element model was developed to analyze the surface load of femoral head and analyze the stress and strain of the femoral neck, using the normal femoral neck, decompressed bone graft, and FHISD-implanted bone graft models. Results The stress in the normal model concentrated around the femoral calcar, with displacement of 0.3556±0.1294 mm. In the decompressed bone graft model, the stress concentrated on the femur calcar and top and lateral sides of femoral head, with the displacement larger than the normal (0.4163±0.1310 mm). In the FHISD-implanted bone graft model, the stress concentrated on the segment below the lesser trochanter superior to the femur, with smaller displacement than the normal (0.1856±0.0118 mm). Conclusions FHISD could effectively maintain the biomechanical properties of the femoral neck. PMID:26010078

  10. Cord blood graft composition impacts the clinical outcome of allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Wikell, H; Ponandai-Srinivasan, S; Mattsson, J; Gertow, J; Uhlin, M

    2014-04-01

    Despite routine use of umbilical cord blood (CB) grafts as stem cell source for allogeneic stem cell transplantations, much remains unknown regarding their cell composition and correlation with clinical outcome. We analyzed material from 30 CB units used for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation by multicolor flow cytometry. Phenotypic data were correlated with various clinical outcomes such as survival, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), relapse, rejection, viral reactivation, and bacteremia. We found that above-median frequencies of CD69+ T cells, naïve CD8+ T cells, and CD127+ B cells in the CB graft were each associated with significantly improved patient survival. Moreover, a statistically significant correlation was seen between higher levels of CD94+ T cells and herpes simplex virus and varicella zoster virus reactivation post transplantation. A similar correlation was seen for the frequency of CD95+ cells in total CD3+, as well as CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets, and viral reactivation. Finally, a higher frequency of naïve CD8+ T cells was associated with the incidence of acute GVHD. Our study highlights the importance of further exploration of graft composition before CB transplantation as a tool for risk prediction. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Successful small diameter arterial grafting using cryopreserved allograft arteries.

    PubMed

    Eskew, T D; Ollerenshaw, J D; Philpott, J M; Dennis, K; Dawson, P; Sun, Y S; Chitwood, W R; Lust, R M

    1997-01-01

    Intimal hyperplasia (IH) limits the long-term success of veins as arterial grafts. IH occurs in veins partly as an adaptive process to arterial pressure conditions. The authors have previously reported early success with cryopreserved (CP) saphenous veins as aortocoronary bypass grafts, and they have hypothesized that CP arterial segments were already structurally adapted for arterial conditions. Six femoral arterial segments were harvested from three adult donor dogs, and cryopreserved. The segments were thawed and implanted into six recipient dogs, in end-to-end fashion, as interpositional grafts in the femoral artery. A similar length of native femoral artery was removed from the implant site and grafted in the contralateral femoral artery of the same animal to serve as native autograft-matched controls. Grafts were harvested bilaterally after 2 (n = 3) and 4 weeks (n = 3), perfusion fixed (80 mmHg, 15 min), and analyzed histologically. All grafts were patent at harvest, and flows distal to the grafted segments were not significantly different between grafts within an animal either at implant or subsequent harvest. Although CP arterial grafts still showed slight but significant dilation compared with native autograft, the dilation was much less than seen previously with either CP or native venous segments. No evidence of inflammation or IH was seen in CP arterial grafts. The absence of early IH or inflammation suggests that CP small diameter arteries may perform better than many currently available allograft tissues and synthetic prosthetics.

  12. Comparison of contamination of femoral heads and pre-processed bone chips during hip revision arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Mathijssen, N M C; Sturm, P D; Pilot, P; Bloem, R M; Buma, P; Petit, P L; Schreurs, B W

    2013-12-01

    With bone impaction grafting, cancellous bone chips made from allograft femoral heads are impacted in a bone defect, which introduces an additional source of infection. The potential benefit of the use of pre-processed bone chips was investigated by comparing the bacterial contamination of bone chips prepared intraoperatively with the bacterial contamination of pre-processed bone chips at different stages in the surgical procedure. To investigate baseline contamination of the bone grafts, specimens were collected during 88 procedures before actual use or preparation of the bone chips: in 44 procedures intraoperatively prepared chips were used (Group A) and in the other 44 procedures pre-processed bone chips were used (Group B). In 64 of these procedures (32 using locally prepared bone chips and 32 using pre-processed bone chips) specimens were also collected later in the procedure to investigate contamination after use and preparation of the bone chips. In total, 8 procedures had one or more positive specimen(s) (12.5 %). Contamination rates were not significantly different between bone chips prepared at the operating theatre and pre-processed bone chips. In conclusion, there was no difference in bacterial contamination between bone chips prepared from whole femoral heads in the operating room and pre-processed bone chips, and therefore, both types of bone allografts are comparable with respect to risk of infection.

  13. Bone graft

    MedlinePlus

    Autograft - bone; Allograft - bone; Fracture - bone graft; Surgery - bone graft; Autologous bone graft ... Fuse joints to prevent movement Repair broken bones (fractures) that have bone loss Repair injured bone that ...

  14. Diminished abductor muscular strength in patients with valgus-impacted femoral neck fractures treated by internal fixation: Clinical study and biomechanical considerations.

    PubMed

    Noda, Mitsuaki; Saegusa, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Masayasu; Kuroda, Yuichi; Takada, Yuma; Yoshikawa, Chihiro; Wakabayashi, Mimami; Adachi, Kazuhiko; Nakamura, Yukiko

    2017-01-01

    Valgus-impacted femoral neck fractures treated with internal fixation occasionally result in unsatisfactory postoperative locomotive function, partially due to muscle shortening and a decrease in the moment arm. This study quantifies the degree of diminished abduction strength both clinically and biomechanically. Fifteen patients were enrolled in this study. Twelve patients with fracture healed in valgus-impacted position were further evaluated. Muscular strength around hip was examined, and values between the nonoperated and operated side were compared and analyzed. For the biomechanical study, two three-dimensional models were prepared: model I (control model without displacement) and model II (simulated malunion of a 15° valgus-impacted fracture). Two sets of hip flexion angles in each of the models were simulated with flexion angles of 0° and 23°. Mean and standard deviation values for muscle strength from the nonoperative/operative side among the valgus group are as follows: flexion strength was 9.2 ± 4.0/9.2 ± 3.2, extension strength was 5.8 ± 2.8/6.1 ± 3.2, abduction strength at 0° was 9.1 ± 3.7/7.4 ± 3.6, abduction strength at 10° was 6.7 ± 3.0/5.5 ± 2.2, and knee extension strength was 15.3 ± 6.2/15.1 ± 6.0 (kgf). When comparing values between the nonoperative and operative sides, statistical significance was only observed in abduction strength ( p < 0.01). The biomechanical models prove that valgus impaction decreases the moment arm by approximately 10% at both flexion angle. A significant decrease in abductor strength at 0° and 10° was observed in the valgus-healed group. This may be related to a decrease in the moment arm. Further research should be done to define the acceptable limit of deformity for the satisfactory postoperative functioning.

  15. Left-sided grafts for living-donor liver transplantation and split grafts for deceased-donor liver transplantation: Their impact on long-term survival

    PubMed Central

    Hori, Tomohide; Uemoto, Shinji; Gardner, Lindsay B.; Sibulesky, Lena; Ogura, Yasuhiro; Nguyen, Justin H.

    2014-01-01

    Background A small-for-size graft is important in living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and deceased-donor liver transplantation (DDLT). Subjects and methods First, we confirmed the effect of initial graft volume on survival using a rat model of liver transplantation (LT). We then evaluated the actual long-term survival based on graft type in 1421 LTs (including 1364 LDLTs) at Kyoto University and 2000 DDLTs at the Mayo Clinic, to evaluate donor safety in LDLT and the possibility of shifting to split orthotopic liver transplantation (SOLT) in DDLT. Results In the rat model, SOLTs with 40%- and 20%-grafts had a poor survival. A total of 697 pediatric LTs showed good long-term outcomes (survival rate was 0.764 at 21.2 years). The survival rate of 724 adult LTs was 0.664 at 17.8 years. The survival rates of auxiliary partial orthotopic liver transplantation with a left-sided graft (0.421 at 15.0 years) and SOLT with a left-sided graft (0.000 at 0.8 years) need to be improved. Although the survival rate of 1965 adult DDLTs with a whole-liver graft in the Mayo Clinic was 0.727 at 12.8 years, that of adult SOLT was 0.595 at 11.0 years. Conclusion From the viewpoint of greater donor safety and expanded donor candidates in LDLT, the choice of a left-sided graft still remains controversial. A shift to SOLT to achieve excellent results should be established to resolve a donor shortage in DDLT. PMID:21955515

  16. Impact of seasonality and air pollutants on carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and wave reflection in hypertensive patients

    PubMed Central

    Stea, Francesco; Massetti, Luciano; Taddei, Stefano; Ghiadoni, Lorenzo; Modesti, Pietro Amedeo

    2017-01-01

    Objective The effects of seasonality on blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular (CV) events are well established, while the influence of seasonality and other environmental factors on arterial stiffness and wave reflection has never been analyzed. This study evaluated whether seasonality (daily number of hours of light) and acute variations in outdoor temperature and air pollutants may affect carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) and pressure augmentation. Design and method 731 hypertensive patients (30–88 years, 417 treated) were enrolled in a cross-sectional study during a 5-year period. PWV, central BP, Augmentation Index (AIx) and Augmentation Pressure (AP) were measured in a temperature-controlled (22–24°C) room. Data of the local office of the National Climatic Data Observatory were used to estimate meteorological conditions and air pollutants (PM10, O3, CO, N2O) exposure on the same day. Results PWV (mean value 8.5±1.8 m/s) was related to age (r = 0.467, p<0.001), body mass index (r = 0.132, p<0.001), central systolic (r = 0.414, p<0.001) and diastolic BP (r = 0.093, p = 0.013), daylight hours (r = -0.176, p<0.001), mean outdoor temperature (r = -0.082, p = 0.027), O3 (r = -0.135, p<0.001), CO (r = 0.096, p = 0.012), N2O (r = 0.087, p = 0.022). In multiple linear regression analysis, adjusted for confounders, PWV remained independently associated only with daylight hours (β = -0.170; 95% CI: -0.273 to -0.067, p = 0.001). No significant correlation was found between pressure augmentation and daylight hours, mean temperature or air pollutants. The relationship was stronger in untreated patients and women. Furthermore, a positive, independent association between O3 levels and PWV emerged in untreated patients (β: 0.018; p = 0.029; CI: 0.002 to 0.034) and in women (β: 0.027; p = 0.004; CI: 0.009 to 0.045). Conclusions PWV showed a marked seasonality in hypertensive patients. Environmental O3 levels may acutely reduce arterial stiffness in

  17. Tunnel widening prevention with the allo-Achilles tendon graft in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Surgical tips and short term followup

    PubMed Central

    Suh, Dong Won; Han, Seung Beom; Yeo, Woo Jin; Lee, Won Hee; Kwon, Jae Ho; Kyung, Bong Soo

    2017-01-01

    Background: Tunnel widening (TW) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can be a serious complication, and there is controversy over how to prevent it. This study aimed to suggest surgical approaches to prevent TW using an allo-Achilles tendon graft, and then to evaluate TW after these surgical tips were applied. Materials and Methods: Sixty two patients underwent ACL reconstruction with an allo-Achilles tendon graft. Four surgical approaches were used: Making a tibial tunnel by bone impaction, intraarticular reamer application, bone portion application for the femoral tunnel, and an additional bone plug application for the tibial tunnel. After more than 1-year, followup radiographs including anteroposterior and lateral views were taken in 29 patients encompassing thirty knees. The diameter of the tunnels at postoperation day 1 (POD1) and at followup was measured and compared. Results: In 18 knees (60%), there were no visible femoral tunnel margins on the radiographs at POD1 or followup. In the other 12 cases, which had visible femoral tunnel margins on followup radiographs, the mean femoral tunnel diameter was 8.6 mm. In the tibial tunnel, the mean diameters did not increase on all three levels (proximal, middle, and distal), and there was no statistically significant difference between the diameters at POD1 and followup. Conclusion: The suggested tips for surgery involving an allo-Achilles tendon graft can effectively prevent TW after ACL reconstruction according to this case series. These surgical tips can prevent TW. PMID:28400663

  18. Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction Femoral Tunnel Accuracy

    PubMed Central

    Hiemstra, Laurie A.; Kerslake, Sarah; Lafave, Mark

    2017-01-01

    disease-specific quality-of-life scores. Graft failure was not related to femoral tunnel placement. The patellofemoral instability population is complex, and patients present with multiple risk factors that, in addition to the accuracy of femoral tunnel position, contribute to quality of life and warrant further investigation. PMID:28210659

  19. Impact of Intensive Physiotherapy on Cognitive Function after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery.

    PubMed

    Cavalcante, Elder Dos Santos; Magario, Rosmeiri; Conforti, César Augusto; Cipriano Júnior, Gerson; Arena, Ross; Carvalho, Antonio Carlos C; Buffolo, Enio; Luna Filho, Bráulio

    2014-11-01

    Background: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a standard surgical option for patients with diffuse and significant arterial plaque. This procedure, however, is not free of postoperative complications, especially pulmonary and cognitive disorders. Objective: This study aimed at comparing the impact of two different physiotherapy treatment approaches on pulmonary and cognitive function of patients undergoing CABG. Methods: Neuropsychological and pulmonary function tests were applied, prior to and following CABG, to 39 patients randomized into two groups as follows: Group 1 (control) - 20 patients underwent one physiotherapy session daily; and Group 2 (intensive physiotherapy) - 19 patients underwent three physiotherapy sessions daily during the recovery phase at the hospital. Non-paired and paired Student t tests were used to compare continuous variables. Variables without normal distribution were compared between groups by using Mann-Whitney test, and, within the same group at different times, by using Wilcoxon test. The chi-square test assessed differences of categorical variables. Statistical tests with a p value ≤ 0.05 were considered significant. Results: Changes in pulmonary function were not significantly different between the groups. However, while Group 2 patients showed no decline in their neurocognitive function, Group 1 patients showed a decline in their cognitive functions (P ≤ 0.01). Conclusion: Those results highlight the importance of physiotherapy after CABG and support the implementation of multiple sessions per day, providing patients with better psychosocial conditions and less morbidity.Fundamento: A cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica (CRM) é a opção cirúrgica padrão para pacientes com placas arteriais difusas e significativas. Tal procedimento, no entanto, não é desprovido de complicações pós-operatórias, especialmente distúrbios pulmonares e cognitivos. Objetivo: Comparar o impacto de duas abordagens fisioterap

  20. Impact of waiting time on the quality of life of patients awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Sampalis, J; Boukas, S; Liberman, M; Reid, T; Dupuis, G

    2001-08-21

    A lack of resources has created waiting lists for many elective surgical procedures within Canada's universal health care system. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for the treatment of atherosclerotic ischemic heart disease is one of these affected surgical procedures. We studied the impact of waiting times on the quality of life of patients awaiting CABG. A prospective cohort of 266 patients from 3 hospitals in Montreal was used. Patients who gave informed consent were followed from the time they were registered for CABG until 6 months after surgery; recruitment began in November 1993, and the last follow-up was completed in July 1995. Patient groups were classified according to the duration of the wait for CABG (< or = 97 days or > 97 days). We measured the following outcomes: quality of life (using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form [SF-36]), incidence of chest pain (using the New York Heart Association angina classification), frequency of symptoms (using the Cardiac Symptom Inventory) and rates of complications and death before and after surgery. There were no differences in quality of life at baseline between the 2 groups. Immediately before surgery, compared with patients who waited 97 days or less, those who waited longer had significantly reduced physical functioning (change from baseline SF-36 score 0 v. -4 respectively, p = 0.001), vitality (change from baseline score -0.1 v. -1.3, p = 0.01), social functioning (change from baseline score 0.4 v. -0.4, p = 0.03) and general health (change from baseline score 1.1 v. -1.7, p = 0.001). At 6 months after surgery, compared with patients who waited 97 days or less for CABG, those who waited longer had reduced physical functioning (change from baseline SF-36 score 4.0 v. -0.1 respectively, p = 0.001), physical role (change from baseline score 0.8 v. 0.0, p = 0.001), vitality (change from baseline score 2.2 v. 0.9, p = 0.001), mental health (change from baseline score 1.2 v. 0.0, p = 0.001) and

  1. A Case of Late Femoral Pseudoaneurysm Caused by Stent Disconnection

    SciTech Connect

    Rivolta, Nicola; Fontana, Federico; Piffaretti, Gabriele Tozzi, Matteo; Carrafiello, Gianpaolo

    2010-10-15

    We present the case of a late superficial femoral artery stent disconnection causing an asymptomatic pseudoaneurysm successfully treated with a stent-graft. A 67-year-old female was referred to our department for evaluation of claudication of the left lower limb and was diagnosed to have a total occlusion of the superficial femoral artery. Three nitinol stents were used to revascularize this artery. At 48 months, duplex-ultrasonography control revealed the presence of a 45-mm saccular femoral dilatation; X-rays and CT angiography showed fractures of the proximal stents and the presence of a pseudoaneurysm at the site of the distal stents disconnection. The pseudoaneurysm was excluded using two stent-grafts. We conclude that patients and surgeons should be aware of structural complications with all stents. Rigorous follow-up controls should be mandatory. Endovascular repair proved to be feasible and durable to manage a previous endovascular procedure.

  2. Osteochondral Autograft from the Ipsilateral Femoral Head by Surgical Dislocation for Treatment of Femoral Head Fracture Dislocation: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Won, Yougun; Lee, Gi Soo; Kim, Sang Bum; Kim, Sun Joong; Yang, Kyu Hyun

    2016-11-01

    As anatomical reduction of the articular surface of femoral head fractures and restoration of damaged cartilage are essential for good long-term results, many treatment options have been suggested, including fixation of the fracture using various surgical exposures and implants, as well as arthroscopic irrigation and debridement, bone marrow stimulating techniques, osteochondral allograft, autograft, and autogenous chondrocyte implantation. We report a case of osteochondral autograft harvested from its own femoral articular surface through surgical hip dislocation. The osteochondral graft was harvested from the inferior non-weight-bearing articular surface and grafted to the osteochondral defect. One year later, the clinical and radiological results were good, without the collapse of the femoral head or arthritic change. This procedure introduced in our case is considered convenient and able to lessen surgical time without morbidity of the donor site associated with the harvest.

  3. A new femoral fixation device for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the outside-in technique and hamstring tendon graft: A comparison between two devices in cadaveric human knee models.

    PubMed

    Chong, Suri; Kwak, Dai-Soon; Balasubramanian, Dhanasekaraprabu; Song, Young Dong; Na, Young Gon; Kim, Tae Kyun

    2017-10-01

    A new device (T-anchor) was developed for ACL reconstruction and is implanted via the outside-in technique using hamstring grafts. The purpose of this study was to compare the T-anchor with the EndoButton Direct. This study was conducted on 30 cadaveric knees (15 matched pairs). There were two groups of 15 each in the T-anchor and EndoButton Direct groups. After the harvest of grafts, fixation site profile and graft length were measured by loading the grafts onto both devices. They were then tested on a universal testing machine to assess elongation after cyclic loading, load to failure, ultimate load, and mode of failure. The fixation site profile was lower in the T-anchor group than in the EndoButton Direct group (2.3±0.4mm vs. 4.7±1.0mm, P<0.001). The length of the graft-device complex of the T-anchor specimens was longer than that of the EndoButton Direct specimens (125.0±8.9mm vs. 115.0±8.7mm, P<0.001). The mean cyclic elongation was lower for the T-anchor group when compared with the EndoButton Direct group (2.4±0.6mm vs. 3.9±2.6mm, P=0.015). There was no statistically significant difference in ultimate load and load to failure between the T-anchor and EndoButton Direct groups. For mode of failure, the T-anchor fared better (P=0.013) with all failures attributed to specimens. In this cadaveric study, the new device, T-anchor, performed better than the EndoButton Direct with respect to the above-mentioned study parameters except for ultimate load and load to failure. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Giant cell tumor of the femoral neck: case report.

    PubMed

    Silva, Paulo; Amaral, Rogério Andrade do; Oliveira, Leandro Alves de; Moraes, Frederico Barra de; Chaibe, Eduardo Damasceno

    2016-01-01

    The authors present the case of a patient with a giant cell tumor of the left femoral neck, with adjacent progressive invasion of bone tissue. Initial treatment was done with local curettage and autologous bone graft from fibula, electrocauterization and filling with methyl methacrylate. A local tumoral relapse was present after one year; therefore a new surgical procedure was necessary, with proximal femoral wide resection and unconventional endoprosthesis fixation. The article discusses the clinical aspects and surgical treatment. This report aimed to demonstrate the necessity to perform wide resection for giant cell tumor of the femoral neck, prioritizing total resection of the tumor and its local extension, preserving limb integrity and demonstrating the complete failure of preserving surgery in cases of femoral neck involvement.

  5. Preservation solution impacts physiologic function and cellular viability of human saphenous vein graft

    PubMed Central

    Wise, Eric S.; Hocking, Kyle M.; Eagle, Susan; Absi, Tarek; Komalavilas, Padmini; Cheung-Flynn, Joyce; Brophy, Colleen

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Recent clinical data suggests intraoperative preservation of human saphenous vein (HSV) in normal saline is associated with vein graft failure. We evaluated the influence of several preservation media on acute physiologic function and cellular viability of HSV conduit. Methods Unprepared (UP) HSV obtained from coronary artery bypass graft patients was characterized on a muscle bath after two hour storage in Plasma-Lyte A, normal saline, University of Wisconsin solution, Celsior solution, autologous whole blood, or glutathione-ascorbic acid- L-arginine (GALA) solution. Vascular smooth muscle contractility to depolarizing KCl and phenylephrine was assessed. The relaxation of phenylephrine-pre-contracted HSV to sodium nitroprusside and carbachol (endothelial-independent and -dependent relaxation, respectively) was also assessed. Cellular viability was determined via the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Rat aortae were used to assess the effect of pH during graft preservation on endothelial-dependent relaxation. Results Preservation of HSV in normal saline and autologous whole blood impaired contractile responses to KCl relative to UP tissues, while University of Wisconsin solution and Celsior solution preservation enhanced contractile responses (P<.05). Relative to UP tissues, responses to phenylephrine were decreased with preservation in normal saline, while preservation in University of Wisconsin solution, Celsior solution and GALA all potentiated these responses (P<.05). Only normal saline preservation impaired endothelial-independent relaxation (P=.005). Preservation in Plasma-Lyte A (P=.02), normal saline (P=.002) and University of Wisconsin solution (P=.02) led to impaired endothelial-dependent relaxation. Normal saline preservation led to a decreased MTT viability index relative to UP tissues (0.021±0.002 mg−10.5 mL−1 vs. 0.033±0.005 mg−10.5 mL−1; P=.03). Endothelial function was impaired by acidic pH in rat aorta. Conclusions

  6. Preservation solution impacts physiologic function and cellular viability of human saphenous vein graft.

    PubMed

    Wise, Eric S; Hocking, Kyle M; Eagle, Susan; Absi, Tarek; Komalavilas, Padmini; Cheung-Flynn, Joyce; Brophy, Colleen M

    2015-08-01

    Recent clinical data suggest intraoperative preservation of human saphenous vein (HSV) in normal saline is associated with vein graft failure. We evaluated the influence of several preservation media on acute physiologic function and cellular viability of HSV conduit. Unprepared (UP) HSV obtained from coronary artery bypass graft patients was characterized on a muscle bath after 2-hour storage in 6 solutions: Plasma-Lyte A, 0.9% NaCl (normal saline), University of Wisconsin solution, Celsior solution, autologous whole blood, or glutathione-ascorbic acid L-arginine (GALA) solution. Vascular smooth muscle contractility was assessed after exposure to depolarizing KCl and phenylephrine. The relaxation of phenylephrine-precontracted HSV to sodium nitroprusside and carbachol (endothelial-independent and -dependent relaxation, respectively) was also assessed. Cellular viability was determined via the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Rat aortae were used to assess the effect of pH during graft preservation on endothelial-dependent relaxation. Preservation of HSV in normal saline and autologous whole blood impaired contractile responses to KCl relative to UP tissues, whereas preservation in University of Wisconsin solution and Celsior solution enhanced contractile responses (P < .05). Relative to UP tissues, responses to phenylephrine were decreased with preservation in normal saline, whereas preservation in University of Wisconsin solution, Celsior solution, and GALA all potentiated these responses (P < .05). Only preservation in normal saline impaired endothelial-independent relaxation (P = .005). Preservation in Plasma-Lyte A (P = .02), normal saline (P = .002), and University of Wisconsin solution (P = .02) impaired endothelial-dependent relaxation. Normal saline preservation decreased MTT viability index relative to UP tissues (0.02 ± 0.002 mg(-1)0.5 mL(-1) vs 0.033 ± 0.005 mg(-1)0.5 mL(-1); P = .03). Endothelial function was impaired by acidic pH in rat

  7. Impact of femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD discordances on FRAX probabilities in women; a meta-analysis of international cohorts

    PubMed Central

    Johansson, H; Kanis, JA; Odén, A; Leslie, WD; Fujiwara, S; Glüer, CC; Kroger, H; LaCroix, AZ; Lau, E; Melton, LJ; Eisman, J; O’Neill, TW; Goltzman, D; Reid, DM

    2015-01-01

    There are occasional marked discordances in BMD T-scores at the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN). We investigated whether such discordances could contribute independently to fracture prediction using FRAX. We studied 21,158 women, average age 63 years, from 10 prospective cohorts with baseline FRAX variables as well as FN and LS BMD. Incident fractures were collected by self-report and/or radiographic reports. Extended Poisson regression examined the relationship between differences in LS and FN T-scores (ΔLS-FN) and fracture risk, adjusted for age, time since baseline and other factors including FRAX 10-year probability for major osteoporotic fracture calculated using FN BMD. To examine the effect of an adjustment for ΔLS-FN on reclassification, women were separated into risk categories by their FRAX major fracture probability. High risk was classified using two approaches: being above the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group intervention threshold or, separately, being in the highest third of each cohort. The absolute ΔLS-FN was greater than 2 SD for 2.5% of women and between 1 and 2 SD for 21%. ΔLS-FN was associated with a significant risk of fracture adjusted for baseline FRAX (HR per SD change = 1.09; 95% CI = 1.04–1.15). In reclassification analyses, only 2.3–3.2% of the women moved to a higher or lower risk category when using FRAX with ΔLS-FN compared with FN-derived FRAX alone. Adjustment of estimated fracture risk for a large LS/FN discrepancy (>2SD) impacts to a large extent on only a relatively small number of individuals. More moderate (1-2SD) discordances in FN and LS T-scores have a small impact on FRAX probabilities. This might still improve clinical decision-making, particularly in women with probabilities close to an intervention threshold. PMID:25187239

  8. Impact of femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD discordances on FRAX probabilities in women: A meta-analysis of international cohorts

    SciTech Connect

    Johansson, H.; Kanis, J. A.; Oden, A.; Leslie, W. D.; Fujiwara, S.; Gluer, C. C.; Kroger, H.; LaCroix, A. Z.; Lau, E.; Melton, L. J.; Eisman, J. A.; O’Neill, T. W.; Goltzman, D.; Reid, D. M.; McCloskey, E.

    2014-09-04

    There are occasional marked discordances in BMD T-scores at the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN). We investigated whether such discordances could contribute independently to fracture prediction using FRAX. In this paper, we studied 21,158 women, average age 63 years, from 10 prospective cohorts with baseline FRAX variables as well as FN and LS BMD. Incident fractures were collected by self-report and/or radiographic reports. Extended Poisson regression examined the relationship between differences in LS and FN T-scores (ΔLS–FN) and fracture risk, adjusted for age, time since baseline and other factors including FRAX 10-year probability for major osteoporotic fracture calculated using FN BMD. To examine the effect of an adjustment for ΔLS–FN on reclassification, women were separated into risk categories by their FRAX major fracture probability. High risk was classified using two approaches: being above the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group intervention threshold or, separately, being in the highest third of each cohort. The absolute ΔLS–FN was greater than 2 SD for 2.5 % of women and between 1 and 2 SD for 21 %. ΔLS–FN was associated with a significant risk of fracture adjusted for baseline FRAX (HR per SD change = 1.09; 95 % CI = 1.04–1.15). In reclassification analyses, only 2.3–3.2 % of the women moved to a higher or lower risk category when using FRAX with ΔLS–FN compared with FN-derived FRAX alone. Adjustment of estimated fracture risk for a large LS/FN discrepancy (>2SD) impacts to a large extent on only a relatively small number of individuals. More moderate (1–2SD) discordances in FN and LS T-scores have a small impact on FRAX probabilities. Finally, this might still improve clinical decision-making, particularly in women with probabilities close to an intervention threshold.

  9. Surgical management of infected pseudoaneurysms of femoral artery caused by narcotics injection.

    PubMed

    Li, Quanming; Shu, Chang; Jiang, Xiaohua; Li, Ming; Li, Xin; He, Hao

    2009-06-01

    To investigate the surgical management of infected pseudoaneurysms of femoral artery caused by narcotics injection. The clinical data of 63 cases of infected pseudoaneurysms of femoral artery caused by narcotics injection were reviewed retrospectively. The tumors in 52 cases ruptured. Rupture hemorrhoea first occurred in 45 patients before admission and in 7 during hospitalization. Twenty-six patients suffered from recurrent or multiple hemorrhoea while in hospital. Forty-nine patients received external iliac artery-superficial femoral artery extra-anatomic bypass reconstruction with banded vascular grafts and the other 14 received ligation operations of the external iliac artery or the femoral artery. No one died in the perioperative period. One patient with vascular graft reconstruction developed graft infection during hospitalization and 5 developed graft infection during the follow-up. No ischemic necrosis occurred in the affected limbs after the infected vascular grafts were removed. One patient developed necrosis in the affected limb after the femoral artery was ligated and then above-knee amputation was performed. The others recovered well. Unobstructed blood circulation in the vascular graft was exhibited by color Doppler ultrasonography in 36 cases during the follow-up. Operation as early as possible is the only way to rescue patients' lives threatened by infected pseudoaneurysms of femoral artery caused by narcotics injection. Thorough debridement and drainage, revascularization between external iliac artery and superficial femoral artery using band artificial blood vessel, and controlling infection are therapeutic modus operandi. Ligation of external iliac artery or femoral artery is also a feasible measure to rescue patients' lives when pseudoaneurysms are infected severely.

  10. Impact of Metabolic Syndrome on Mortality and Morbidity After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Ardeshiri, Maryam; Faritus, Zahra; Ojaghi-Haghighi, Zahra; Bakhshandeh, Hooman; Kargar, Faranak; Aghili, Rokhsareh

    2014-01-01

    Background: The prevalence of Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been increased in Asian countries. It represents a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, insulin resistance, lipid abnormality and hypertension. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between MetS and outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Patients and Methods: This prospective study was performed on patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). All the patients were followed up in hospital and three months afterward. Patients were excluded if they were younger than 18 years or had severe comorbidities, a history of valvular heart disease, and low ejection fraction. Results: A total of 235 patients (135 women) with a mean age of 59 ± 9.3 years were included. MetS was more prevalent in women (P < 0.001). The most prevalent complications were bleeding [20 (8.5%)] and dysrhythmia [18 (7.7%)]. At three months follow-up, the frequency rates of readmission [24 (10.2%)] and mediastinitis [9 (3.8%)] were higher than other complications. Diabetes and MetS were risk factors for a long ICU stay (> 5 days) and atelectasia (P < 0.05). Significant associations were observed between diabetes and pulmonary embolism (P = 0.025) and mediastinitis (P = 0.051). Conclusions: Identification of MetS before CABG can predict the surgery outcome. Patients with MetS have increased risks for longer ICU stay and atelectasia. PMID:25478548

  11. Impact of metabolic syndrome on mortality and morbidity after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.

    PubMed

    Ardeshiri, Maryam; Faritus, Zahra; Ojaghi-Haghighi, Zahra; Bakhshandeh, Hooman; Kargar, Faranak; Aghili, Rokhsareh

    2014-08-01

    The prevalence of Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been increased in Asian countries. It represents a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, insulin resistance, lipid abnormality and hypertension. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between MetS and outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). This prospective study was performed on patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). All the patients were followed up in hospital and three months afterward. Patients were excluded if they were younger than 18 years or had severe comorbidities, a history of valvular heart disease, and low ejection fraction. A total of 235 patients (135 women) with a mean age of 59 ± 9.3 years were included. MetS was more prevalent in women (P < 0.001). The most prevalent complications were bleeding [20 (8.5%)] and dysrhythmia [18 (7.7%)]. At three months follow-up, the frequency rates of readmission [24 (10.2%)] and mediastinitis [9 (3.8%)] were higher than other complications. Diabetes and MetS were risk factors for a long ICU stay (> 5 days) and atelectasia (P < 0.05). Significant associations were observed between diabetes and pulmonary embolism (P = 0.025) and mediastinitis (P = 0.051). Identification of MetS before CABG can predict the surgery outcome. Patients with MetS have increased risks for longer ICU stay and atelectasia.

  12. [Interleukin 8 concentrations in donor bronchoalveolar lavage: impact on primary graft failure in double lung transplant].

    PubMed

    Almenar, María; Cerón, José; Gómez, M A Dolores; Peñalver, Juan C; Jiménez, M A José; Padilla, José

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine concentrations of interleukin 8 (IL-8) in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from donor lungs and assess the role of IL-8 levels in the development of primary graft failure. Twenty patients who received a double lung transplant were studied. A series of data, including BAL fluid concentrations of IL-8, were collected for the donors. Data collected for the recipients included arterial blood gases after 6, 24, and 48 hours, and intubation time. Patients with a ratio of PaO(2) to the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO(2)) of less than 300 during the first 48 hours were diagnosed with primary graft failure. IL-8 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Associations between the donor variables and IL-8 concentrations were evaluated using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient (rho) and the Mann-Whitney test for categorical and continuous variables, respectively. Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Fifteen of the 20 donors were men. The cause of brain death was trauma in 9 donors, 7 were smokers, 13 required inotropic support, and pathogens were isolated in the BAL fluid of 18. The median age was 35 years (interquartile range [IQR], 23.5-51.25y), the median ventilation time was 1 day (IQR, 1-2d), the median PaO(2)/FiO(2) was 459.5 (IQR, 427-510.25), and the median IL-8 concentration in BAL fluid was 49.01ng/L (IQR, 7.86-94.05ng/mL). Ten of the recipients were men and the median age was 48.43 years (IQR, 25.4-56.81y). The median ischemic time was 210 minutes (IQR, 176.25-228.75 min) for the first lung and 300 minutes (IQR, 273.75-333.73 min) for the second lung. The median PaO(2)/FiO(2) ratio for the implant at 6, 14, and 48 hours was 329 (IQR, 190.25-435), 363.5 (IQR, 249-434.75), and 370.5 (IQR, 243.25-418.25), respectively. The median intubation time was 39.5 hours (IQR, 19.25-68.5h) and the correlation with IL-8 values was positive: higher IL-8 concentrations in BAL fluid

  13. Total arthroplasty in displaced dysplastic hips with acetabular reconstruction and femoral shortening - technical note.

    PubMed

    Silva, Paulo; de Oliveira, Leandro Alves; Coelho, Danilo Lopes; do Amaral, Rogério Andrade; Rebello, Percival Rosa; de Moraes, Frederico Barra

    2014-01-01

    To describe a new procedure of total hip replacement in patient with severe developmental dysplasia of the left hip, using technique of acetabular reconstruction with autogenous bone grafts and subtrochanteric shortening femoral osteotomy. Total hip replacement done in January of 2003. The Eftekhar's classification was used and included type D, neglected dislocations. Bone graft incorporated in acetabular shelf and femoral osteotomy. Our contribution is the use of an Allis plate to better fix acetabular grafts, avoiding loosening, and cerclage around bone graft in femoral osteotomy site, which diminish pseudoarthrosis risk. This technique shows efficiency, allowing immediately resolution for this case with pain and range of motion of hip improvement. It also allows the acetabular dysplasia reconstruction, equalization of the limb length (without elevated risk of neurovascular lesion) and repairs the normal hip biomechanics due to the correction of the hip's center of rotation.

  14. Anatomic study of juxta renal aneurysms: impact on fenestrated stent-grafts.

    PubMed

    Azzaoui, Richard; Sobocinski, Jonathan; Maurel, Blandine; D'Elia, Piervito; Perrot, Céline; Bianchini, Aurélia; Guillou, Matthieu; Haulon, Stéphan

    2011-04-01

    Fenestrated stent-grafts allow for treatment of patients with juxtarenal aneurysms (JRA) when they present with contraindications for conventional treatment. The fenestrated module is a custom-made module, specially designed to fit a specific patient, using computed tomographic scan measurements, which entails manufacturing delay and high cost. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possibility to reproduce the interrenal aorta anatomy to design a standard fenestrated module that would fit the maximum number of patients with JRA. On a three-dimensional working station, we analyzed 289 preoperative computed tomographic scan results of patients with JRA and who were treated with fenestrated stent-grafts comprising two fenestrations for the renal arteries and a scallop for the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). On curvilinear reconstructions, we successively measured the interrenal aorta diameter, its orientation, as well as the height of each renal ostium, taking the ostium center of the SMA as a reference mark. Later, a statistical analysis of these measures distribution was performed so as to design a fenestrated module that would fit the maximum number of patients. The center of the left renal artery presented with a median orientation of 82.5° (range, 37.5-150) and a median distance of 9 mm (range, 0-30), in relation to the SMA ostium. The ostium center of the right renal artery presented with a median orientation of 285° (range, 240-337.5) and a median distance of 8 mm (range, 3-30), in relation to the SMA ostium. By positioning the current renal fenestrations (6-mm wide), on the basis of the calculated median positions, in our series, only 20% of the patients could be treated with a standard fenestrated module. Should the diameter of these fenestrations be increased by 10 mm, it would then be possible to treat 50% of our patients. The anatomy of the interrenal aorta and its branches is quite reproducible to design standard fenestrated stent-grafts that could

  15. Impact of donor-specific antibodies on the outcomes of kidney graft: Pathophysiology, clinical, therapy

    PubMed Central

    Salvadori, Maurizio; Bertoni, Elisabetta

    2014-01-01

    Allo-antibodies, particularly when donor specific, are one of the most important factors that cause both early and late graft dysfunction. The authors review the current state of the art concerning this important issue in renal transplantation. Many antibodies have been recognized as mediators of renal injury. In particular donor-specific-Human Leukocyte Antigens antibodies appear to play a major role. New techniques, such as solid phase techniques and Luminex, have revealed these antibodies from patient sera. Other new techniques have uncovered alloantibodies and signs of complement activation in renal biopsy specimens. It has been acknowledged that the old concept of chronic renal injury caused by calcineurine inhibitors toxicity should be replaced in many cases by alloantibodies acting against the graft. In addition, the number of patients on waiting lists with preformed anti-human leukocyte antigens (HLA) antibodies is increasing, primarily from patients with a history of renal transplant failure already been sensitized. We should distinguish early and late acute antibody-mediated rejection from chronic antibody-mediated rejection. The latter often manifets late during the course of the post-transplant period and may be difficult to recognize if specific techniques are not applied. Different therapeutic strategies are used to control antibody-induced damage. These strategies may be applied prior to transplantation or, in the case of acute antibody-mediated rejection, after transplantation. Many new drugs are appearing at the horizon; however, these drugs are far from the clinic because they are in phase I-II of clinical trials. Thus the pipeline for the near future appears almost empty. PMID:24669363

  16. The impact of anesthesiologists on coronary artery bypass graft surgery outcomes.

    PubMed

    Glance, Laurent G; Kellermann, Arthur L; Hannan, Edward L; Fleisher, Lee A; Eaton, Michael P; Dutton, Richard P; Lustik, Stewart J; Li, Yue; Dick, Andrew W

    2015-03-01

    One of every 150 hospitalized patients experiences a lethal adverse event; nearly half of these events involves surgical patients. Although variations in surgeon performance and quality have been reported in the literature, less is known about the influence of anesthesiologists on outcomes after major surgery. Our goal of this study was to determine whether there is significant variation in outcomes between anesthesiologists after controlling for patient case mix and hospital quality. Using clinical data from the New York State Cardiac Surgery Reporting System, we conducted a retrospective observational study of 7920 patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was used to examine the variation in death or major complications (Q-wave myocardial infarction, renal failure, stroke) across anesthesiologists, controlling for patient demographics, severity of disease, comorbidities, and hospital quality. Anesthesiologist performance was quantified using fixed-effects modeling. The variability across anesthesiologists was highly significant (P < 0.001). Patients managed by low-performance anesthesiologists (corresponding to the 25th percentile of the distribution of anesthesiologist risk-adjusted outcomes) experienced nearly twice the rate of death or serious complications (adjusted rate 3.33%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.09%-3.58%) as patients managed by high-performance anesthesiologists (corresponding to the 75th percentile) (adjusted rate 1.82%; 95% CI, 1.58%-2.10%). This performance gap was observed across all patient risk groups. The rate of death or major complications among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery varies markedly across anesthesiologists. These findings suggest that there may be opportunities to improve perioperative management to improve outcomes among high-risk surgical patients.

  17. [Biological acetabular defect reconstruction in revision hip arthroplasty using impaction bone grafting and an acetabular reconstruction ring].

    PubMed

    Friedrich, M J; Gravius, S; Schmolders, J; Wimmer, M D; Wirtz, D C

    2014-04-01

    Management of acetabular bone defects Paprosky types IIa and IIb in revision hip arthroplasty by rebuilding the bone stock using impaction bone grafting, primary stable reconstruction with an acetabular reconstruction ring, and restoring the hip center of rotation to its anatomical position. Acetabular segmental or combined structural defects in the superior acetabular dome with superior/lateral hip center migration with intact anterior and posterior columns (Paprosky types IIa, IIb). Acute or chronic infections, severe acetabular bone defects preventing adequate anchorage of the prosthesis-particularly destruction of the posterior column. Modified transgluteal, lateral approach to the hip joint. Removal of the loose acetabular component. Complete circumferential exposure of the acetabular rim, while maintaining mechanical stability of the remaining bone. Preparation of the homologous spongiosa chips and reconstruction of the acetabular defect in impaction grafting technique. Implantation of the acetabular reconstruction ring and primary stable fixation with cancellous screws in the acetabular dome. Cemented fixation of a polyethylene inlay. Mobilization on 2 underarm crutches from postoperative day 1. Partial weight bearing with 20 kg for 6 weeks postoperatively. If plain radiographs show unchanged seating of the prosthesis after 6 weeks, loading can be increased by 10 kg/week until full weight bearing is achieved; thrombosis prophylaxis is continued throughout. Limitation of hip flexion to 90° during the first 6 weeks, and no adduction and forced external rotation to avoid dislocation. Avoidance of sports involving jumping and axial impact loading for 12 months. Radiologic checkups after 3, 6, and 12 months and, thereafter, every 2 years. Analysis between 2008 and 2011 involved 22 consecutive patients with a total of 23 prostheses; the mean follow-up was 38 ± 11 months. Compared to the preoperative evaluation, follow-up yielded a significant

  18. Femoral head-neck junction reconstruction, after iatrogenic bone resection.

    PubMed

    Guevara-Alvarez, Alberto; Lash, Nicholas; Beck, Martin

    2015-07-01

    Arthroscopic over-resection of the head-neck junction during the treatment of a cam deformity can be a devastating complication and is difficult to treat. Large defects of the femoral head-neck junction (FHNJ) increase the risk of femoral neck fracture and can also affect hip biomechanics. We describe a case of an iatrogenic defect of the FHNJ due to excessive bone resection, and a previously non-described treatment using iliac crest autograft to restore femoral head-neck sphericity and hip joint stability. After protecting the femoral neck with an angled blade plate, the large anterior FHNJ defect was reconstructed using autogenous iliac crest bone graft; sphericity was restored by contouring the graft using spherical templates. Clinical and radiographic follow-up was performed up to 2 years. Results at 2 years showed no residual groin pain and normal range of motion. The Oxford Hip Score was 46/48, rated as excellent. Computed tomography (CT) scanning showed union of bone graft without resorption, and CT arthrogram indicating retained sphericity of the FHNJ without evidence of degenerative changes in the articular surface. This novel surgical technique can be used to restore the structural integrity and contour of the FHNJ that contains a significant anterior defect.

  19. Femoral head-neck junction reconstruction, after iatrogenic bone resection

    PubMed Central

    Guevara-Alvarez, Alberto; Lash, Nicholas; Beck, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Arthroscopic over-resection of the head-neck junction during the treatment of a cam deformity can be a devastating complication and is difficult to treat. Large defects of the femoral head-neck junction (FHNJ) increase the risk of femoral neck fracture and can also affect hip biomechanics. We describe a case of an iatrogenic defect of the FHNJ due to excessive bone resection, and a previously non-described treatment using iliac crest autograft to restore femoral head-neck sphericity and hip joint stability. After protecting the femoral neck with an angled blade plate, the large anterior FHNJ defect was reconstructed using autogenous iliac crest bone graft; sphericity was restored by contouring the graft using spherical templates. Clinical and radiographic follow-up was performed up to 2 years. Results at 2 years showed no residual groin pain and normal range of motion. The Oxford Hip Score was 46/48, rated as excellent. Computed tomography (CT) scanning showed union of bone graft without resorption, and CT arthrogram indicating retained sphericity of the FHNJ without evidence of degenerative changes in the articular surface. This novel surgical technique can be used to restore the structural integrity and contour of the FHNJ that contains a significant anterior defect. PMID:27011838

  20. [Femoral arteriovenous fistula: a late uncommon complication of central venous catheterization].

    PubMed

    Conz, P A; Malagoli, A; Normanno, M; Munaro, D

    2007-01-01

    A 77-year-old woman was admitted due to AV graft thrombosis; given the technical impossibility of performing other native AV fistulas, we chose to insert a tunnelled central venous catheter. Considering the vascular history of the patient, the central venous catheter could not be placed into the internal jugular vein; it was therefore put into the left femoral vein. Following a 3-month-period of the catheter working properly, the patient was hospitalized due to sudden acute pain in the left thigh. In a few days the patient developed an important haematoma with serious anemization in the left lower limb. Ultrasonography showed the presence of a fistula between the left common femoral artery and the femoral vein, leading to the subsequent successful positioning of a stent into the common femoral artery through right trans-femoral access. Angiography examination showed the femoral vein patency along the proximal stretch with respect to the function of the tunnelled venous catheter.

  1. Graft compliance and anastomotic flow patterns.

    PubMed

    Wang, L C; Guo, G X; Tu, R; Hwang, N H

    1990-01-01

    The oscillatory flow patterns at the venous anastomosis of a hemodialysis angioaccess loop graft system were studied using two new compliant vascular prostheses: a longitudinally compliant polytetrafluoroethylene-composite (Baxter Ultraflex PTFE-Plus) graft (BA) and a radially compliant ultrafine polyester fiber (TORAY-UFPF) graft (TR). A non-compliant Gore-Tex polytetrafluoroethylene graft was used as the control. The experimental grafts were 8 mm inside diameter x 25 cm long. Flow experiments were done in a transparent, elastic bench-top flow model; fabrication was based on silicone rubber casts obtained from femoral-to-femoral arteriovenous loop grafts surgically implanted in dogs. The loop graft constructed in the dog model was made to mimic the branchial-to-cephalic angioaccess loop graft commonly used in hemodialysis patients. The flow model was connected to a pulse generator, an adjustable arterial afterload, and a venous afterload. Under identical input conditions, the pressure and flow waveforms were monitored simultaneously at the proximal and distal ends of both the arterial and venous anastomoses. For each graft studied, the anastomotic flow field was visualized using laser illuminated hydrogen bubbles as tracers. At pulse rates of 60 and 90 beats/min, graft flow rates were 2.2 and 2.5 L/min, respectively. Among the grafts studied, measurable differences in pressure and flow wave attenuation and their respective phase lags resulted in characteristically dissimilar flow patterns at the venous anastomosis. Growth of the separation zone at the toe of the anastomosis, and the pattern of retrograde flow in the distal vein are visibly different in all three grafts.

  2. Underestimation of the incidence of new-onset post-coronary artery bypass grafting atrial fibrillation and its impact on 30-day mortality.

    PubMed

    Filardo, Giovanni; Pollock, Benjamin D; da Graca, Briget; Phan, Teresa K; Sass, Danielle M; Ailawadi, Gorav; Thourani, Vinod; Damiano, Ralph

    2017-10-01

    Inconsistent definitions of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting have caused uncertainty about its incidence and risk. We examined the extent to which limiting the definition to post-coronary artery bypass grafting atrial fibrillation events requiring treatment underestimates its incidence and impact on 30-day mortality. We assessed in-hospital atrial fibrillation and 30-day mortality in 9268 consecutive patients without preoperative atrial fibrillation who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting at 5 US hospitals (2004-2010). Patients who experienced 1 or more episode of post-coronary artery bypass grafting atrial fibrillation detected via continuous in-hospital electrocardiogram/telemetry monitoring were divided into those for whom Society of Thoracic Surgeons data (applying the definition "atrial fibrillation/flutter requiring treatment") also indicated atrial fibrillation versus those for whom it did not. Risk-adjusted 30-day mortality was compared between these 2 groups and with patients without post-coronary artery bypass grafting atrial fibrillation. Risk-adjusted incidence of post-coronary artery bypass grafting atrial fibrillation incidence was 33.4% (27.0% recorded in Society of Thoracic Surgeons data, 6.4% missed). Patients with post-coronary artery bypass grafting atrial fibrillation missed by Society of Thoracic Surgeons data had a significantly greater risk of 30-day mortality (odds ratio, 2.08, 95% confidence interval, 1.17-3.69) than those captured. By applying the significant underestimation of post-coronary artery bypass grafting atrial fibrillation incidence we observed (odds ratio [Society of Thoracic Surgeons vs missed], 0.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-0.83) to the approximately 150,000 patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting in the United States each year estimates this increased risk of mortality is carried by 9600 patients (95% confidence interval, 9420-9780) annually. Defining post

  3. Impact of femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD discordances on FRAX probabilities in women: A meta-analysis of international cohorts

    DOE PAGES

    Johansson, H.; Kanis, J. A.; Oden, A.; ...

    2014-09-04

    There are occasional marked discordances in BMD T-scores at the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN). We investigated whether such discordances could contribute independently to fracture prediction using FRAX. In this paper, we studied 21,158 women, average age 63 years, from 10 prospective cohorts with baseline FRAX variables as well as FN and LS BMD. Incident fractures were collected by self-report and/or radiographic reports. Extended Poisson regression examined the relationship between differences in LS and FN T-scores (ΔLS–FN) and fracture risk, adjusted for age, time since baseline and other factors including FRAX 10-year probability for major osteoporotic fracture calculatedmore » using FN BMD. To examine the effect of an adjustment for ΔLS–FN on reclassification, women were separated into risk categories by their FRAX major fracture probability. High risk was classified using two approaches: being above the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group intervention threshold or, separately, being in the highest third of each cohort. The absolute ΔLS–FN was greater than 2 SD for 2.5 % of women and between 1 and 2 SD for 21 %. ΔLS–FN was associated with a significant risk of fracture adjusted for baseline FRAX (HR per SD change = 1.09; 95 % CI = 1.04–1.15). In reclassification analyses, only 2.3–3.2 % of the women moved to a higher or lower risk category when using FRAX with ΔLS–FN compared with FN-derived FRAX alone. Adjustment of estimated fracture risk for a large LS/FN discrepancy (>2SD) impacts to a large extent on only a relatively small number of individuals. More moderate (1–2SD) discordances in FN and LS T-scores have a small impact on FRAX probabilities. Finally, this might still improve clinical decision-making, particularly in women with probabilities close to an intervention threshold.« less

  4. [Femoral artery pseudoaneurysms encountered in orthopedics and traumatology].

    PubMed

    Raherinantenaina, F; Rajaonanahary, T M A; Rakoto Ratsimba, H N

    2015-12-01

    Most published articles regarding orthopedic- and trauma-related femoral artery pseudoaneurysms (FAPs) are case reports in English. Reported cases are often associated with a literature review but actually provide little robust data. We wanted to summarize the current knowledge on diagnostic and therapeutic features of these FAPs. A new case of superficial FAP is described followed by a review of the literature. A bibliographic search was performed online (PubMed, ScinceDirect) from 1964 to 2015 using the descriptors "traumatic femoral pseudoaneurysm, orthopedic surgery, osteochondroma". A total of 64 cases of FAPs was analyzed. There were 50 men with an average age of 40.72±26.45 years old. The most common clinical presentation was painful swelling (34%). Arteriography was the commonest radiological investigation used (63%). The main etiologies were orthopedic injuries (47%), surgery of the upper thigh (30%) and femoral osteochondromas (23%). Arterial injuries included superficial femoral (47%) and profunda femoris artery (50%). The treatment was open surgery (56%) or endovascular repair (36%). Deep femoral artery and its branches were embolized (47%) or ligated (38%). Endovascular stenting was performed in 30% of posttraumatic FAPs. All FAPs relating to osteochondromas were repaired surgically. Postoperative courses were uneventful in 95% of patients. Endovascular embolization is preferred in management of postsurgical FAPs which have usually involved the deep femoral artery. Endovascular stenting graft may be proposed for posttraumatic FAPs, for which the superficial femoral trunk is the most often involved vessel. Surgical repair should be performed when endovascular stenting graft is not feasible. Surgical repair is mandatory for all FAPs secondary to traumatic exostoses. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. The impact of surveillance and rapid reduction in immunosuppression to control BK virus-related graft injury in kidney transplantation.

    PubMed

    Elfadawy, Nissreen; Flechner, Stuart M; Liu, Xiaobo; Schold, Jesse; Tian, Devin; Srinivas, Titte R; Poggio, Emilio; Fatica, Richard; Avery, Robin; Mossad, Sherif B

    2013-08-01

    We prospectively screened 609 consecutive kidney (538) and kidney-pancreas (71) transplant recipients for BK viremia over a 4-year interval using polymerase chain reaction viral load detection and protocol kidney biopsies. We found that BK viremia is common at our center: total cases 26.7%, cases during first year 21.3% (mean 4 months), and recipients with ≥ 10 000 copies/ml 12.3%. We found few predictive clinical or demographic risk factors for any BK viremia or viral loads ≥ 10,000 copies/ml, other than prior treatment of biopsy confirmed acute rejection and/or higher immunosuppressive blood levels of tacrolimus (P = 0.001) or mycophenolate mofetil (P = 0.007). Viral loads at diagnosis (<10 000 copies/ml) demonstrated little impact on graft function or survival. However, rising copy numbers demand early reductions in immunosuppressive drug doses of at least 30-50%. Viral loads >185 000 copies/ml at diagnosis were predictive of BK virus-associated nephropathy (BKVAN; OR: 113.25, 95% CI: 17.22-744.6, P < 0.001). Surveillance for BK viremia and rapid reduction of immunosuppression limited the incidence of BKVAN to 1.3%. The addition of leflunomide or ciprofloxacin to immunosuppressive dose reduction did not result in greater rates of viral clearance. These data support the role of early surveillance for BK viremia to limit the impact on transplant outcome, although the most effective schedule for screening awaits further investigation.

  6. The role of stainless steel wire mesh and cement in bone allograft incorporation in impaction grafting technique: an experimental study in rabbits.

    PubMed

    Roidis, Nikolaos; Karachalios, Theofilos; Khaldi, Lubna; Stamos, Konstantinos; Lyritis, George P

    2003-06-01

    Cages of flexible stainless steel wire mesh were filled with impacted morcellized cancellous allograft. Bone defects were created in both tibial metaphyseal regions of 10 adult white New Zealand rabbits. The base of both defects was plugged with a small amount of bone cement. The cages were implanted in the right tibia while the left tibia was filled with impacted bone allograft. Histologic and histomorphometric evaluation of the retrieved specimens at 3 months showed a statistically significant difference in active bone formation parameters between the 2 groups. Active bone formation was more prominent away from the bone cement. The biological process of bone graft incorporation in the "impaction grafting" technique seems to be adversely affected by stainless steel wire mesh and in areas adjacent to bone cement.

  7. Incidence, Predictors, and Impact of Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Military Veterans

    PubMed Central

    Cornwell, Lorraine D.; Bakshi, Ankur; Rachlin, Eric; Preventza, Ourania; Rosengart, Todd K.; Coselli, Joseph S.; LeMaire, Scott A.; Petersen, Nancy J.; Pattakos, Greg; Bakaeen, Faisal G.

    2016-01-01

    Little is known about the frequency and clinical implications of postoperative atrial fibrillation in military veterans who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We examined long-term survival data, clinical outcomes, and associated risk factors in this population. We retrospectively reviewed baseline, intraoperative, and postoperative data from 1,248 consecutive patients with similar baseline risk profiles who underwent primary isolated CABG at a Veterans Affairs hospital from October 2006 through March 2013. Multivariable logistic regression identified predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate long-term survival (the primary outcome measure), morbidity, and length of hospital stay. Postoperative atrial fibrillation occurred in 215 patients (17.2%). Independent predictors of this sequela were age ≥65 years (odds ratios [95% confidence intervals], 1.7 [1.3–2.4] for patients of age 65–75 yr and 2.6 [1.4–4.8] for patients >75 yr) and body mass index ≥30 kg/m2 (2.0 [1.2–3.2]). Length of stay was longer for patients with postoperative atrial fibrillation than for those without (12.7 ± 6.6 vs 10.3 ± 8.9 d; P ≤0.0001), and the respective 30-day mortality rate was higher (1.9% vs 0.4%; P=0.014). Seven-year survival rates did not differ significantly. Older and obese patients are particularly at risk of postoperative atrial fibrillation after CABG. Patients who develop the sequela have longer hospital stays than, but similar long-term survival rates to, patients who do not. PMID:27777519

  8. Impact of recovery of renal function on long-term mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Mehta, Rajendra H; Honeycutt, Emily; Patel, Uptal D; Lopes, Renato D; Shaw, Linda K; Glower, Donald D; Harrington, Robert A; Califf, Robert M; Sketch, Michael H

    2010-12-15

    Whether prognosis differs in acute renal failure (ARF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with and without recovery of renal function is not known. We studied patients who had CABG at Duke University Medical Center (1995 to 2008). ARF was defined as an increase in peak creatinine ≥50% after CABG or ≥0.7 mg/dl above baseline or need for new dialysis. Patients were categorized into 3 groups: (1) no ARF after CABG, (2) ARF after CABG and completely recovered renal function at day 7 (return of creatinine to no higher than baseline and no dialysis), or (3) ARF after CABG with no recovery of renal function at day 7 (creatinine no higher than baseline or new dialysis). Main outcome measurement was risk-adjusted long-term mortality (excluding death ≤7 days). ARF after CABG occurred in 2,083 of 10,415 patients (20%) and completely recovered in 703 (33.7%). Risk-adjusted mortality was highest in patients with ARF without recovery of renal function (hazard ratios 1.47, 95% confidence interval 1.34 to 1.62) and intermediate in those with ARF but completely recovered renal function (hazard ratios 1.21, 95% confidence interval 1.07 to 1.37, referent no-ARF group). Mortality was lower in patients with ARF compared to those without complete recovery of renal function (p = 0.0083). In conclusion, in patients with ARF after CABG, complete recovery of renal function was associated with significantly lower long-term mortality compared to those without such recovery, although this was significantly higher than in those without ARF. Thus, major emphasis should be on prevention of ARF in patients undergoing CABG.

  9. Analysis of Bony and Internal Organ Injuries Associated With 26,357 Adult Femoral Shaft Fractures and Their Impact on Mortality.

    PubMed

    Anandasivam, Nidharshan S; Russo, Glenn S; Fischer, Jennifer M; Samuel, Andre M; Ondeck, Nathaniel T; Swallow, Matthew S; Chung, Sophie H; Bohl, Daniel D; Grauer, Jonathan N

    2017-03-30

    The spectrum of injuries associated with femoral shaft fractures and those injuries' association with mortality have not been well delineated previously. Patients in the National Trauma Data Bank who presented with femoral shaft fractures from 2011 to 2012 were analyzed in 3 age groups (18-39, 40-64, and 65+ years). For each group, modified Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), mechanism of injury (MOI), injury severity score (ISS), and associated injuries were reported. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify predictors of mortality. Among the 26,357 patients with femoral shaft fractures, modified CCIs gradually increased with increasing age category and ISS decreased. Motor vehicle accidents were the most common MOI in the younger 2 age groups, whereas falls were the most common MOI in the 65 years and older age group. The top 3 associated bony injuries for the study cohort as a whole were tibia/fibula (20.5%), ribs/sternum (19.1%), and non-shaft femur (18.9%, of which 5.8% of the total cohort were femoral neck) fractures. The top 3 associated internal organ injuries were lung (18.9%), intracranial (13.5%), and liver (6.2%), injuries. A multivariate mortality analysis showed that increasing age, increasing comorbidity burden, and associated injuries all had independent associations with mortality. The injuries most associated with mortality were thoracic organ injuries (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=3.53), head injuries (AOR=2.93), abdominal organ injuries (AOR=2.78), and pelvic fractures (AOR=1.80). This study used a large, nationwide sample of trauma patients to profile injuries associated with femoral shaft fractures. Associations between injuries and mortality underscore the importance of these findings. [Orthopedics. 201x; xx(x):xx-xx.].

  10. [Slipped capital femoral epiphysis].

    PubMed

    Klein, C; Haraux, E; Leroux, J; Gouron, R

    2017-03-01

    Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SFCE) is a disorder of the hip, characterized by a displacement of the capital femoral epiphysis from the metaphysic through the femoral growth plate. The epiphysis slips posteriorly and inferiorly. SCFE occurs during puberty and metabolic and epidemiologic risk factors, such as obesity are frequently found. Most chronic slips are diagnosed late. Sagittal hip X-rays show epiphysis slip. In case of untreated SCFE, a slip progression arises with an acute slip risk. Treatment is indicated to prevent slip worsening. The clinical and radiological classification is useful to guide treatment and it is predictive of the prognosis. In situ fixation of stable and moderately displaced SCFE with cannulated screws gives excellent results. Major complications are chondrolysis and osteonecrosis and the major sequelae are femoroacetabular impingement and early arthritis.

  11. The real contamination of femoral head allografts washed with pulse lavage.

    PubMed

    Salmela, P Mikael; Hirn, Martti Y J; Vuento, Risto E

    2002-06-01

    At the Tampere Bone Bank, all the discarded femoral heads from September 1997 to May 2000 were recultured. The grafts had been washed with pulse lavage at harvesting. 48 grafts had been discarded because of a positive culture and 85 with negative cultures because of positive or insufficient serological information. The femoral heads were split into halves, which were recultured as a whole in thioglycolate broth for 14 days. The contamination of previously culture positive and negative femoral heads did not differ. In only 2 cases did we find the same type of bacteria in the primary as in the new culture. Most of the primary contamination proved to be false positive. The real contamination seems to be very low, at least after pulse lavage washing of the femoral head.

  12. Evaluation of healing in feline femoral defects filled with cancellous autograft, cancellous allograft or Bioglass.

    PubMed

    Dorea, H C; McLaughlin, R M; Cantwell, H D; Read, R; Armbrust, L; Pool, R; Roush, J K; Boyle, C

    2005-01-01

    Cancellous bone grafting is a widely accepted technique in human and veterinary orthopaedic surgery. However, the use of autogenous bone graft is limited by the additional surgical time required to harvest the graft, the morbidity associated with the donor site, and the limited availability of cancellous bone, especially in feline patients. Various allografts and bone graft substitutes are available commercially but have not been fully evaluated for efficacy in the cat. The purpose of this study was to compare the incorporation of autogenous and allogenous cancellous bone graft and Bioglass, a synthetic bone graft substitute, in femoral defects in cats. Four (4.0 mm diameter) defects were created in the lateral diaphyseal cortex of the left femur with an orthopaedic drill. In each femur, one of the cortical defects was filled with autogenous cancellous graft (harvested from the tibia), one was filled with allogenic cancellous graft, and one was filled with Bioglass. The fourth defect remained unfilled. Graft incorporation within the femoral defects was evaluated by radiographic evaluation every two weeks. Six weeks after the grafting procedure, the cats were euthanatized and high detailed radiography, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), histopathology and histomorphometry of the defects were performed. Satisfactory bone healing was observed within all of the defects.

  13. Femoral remodeling may influence patient outcomes in slipped capital femoral epiphysis.

    PubMed

    DeLullo, James A; Thomas, Eric; Cooney, Timothy E; McConnell, Sharon J; Sanders, James O

    2007-04-01

    Clinical studies of patients treated for slipped capital femoral epiphysis have found limited functional impairment and femoral neck deformity causing eventual coxarthrosis. Since patient-focused assessments minimize bias and reflect health-related quality of life status, we coupled their use to a clinical examination to obtain a more patient-centered picture of slipped capital femoral epiphyseal outcomes. The impact of residual deformity on outcomes also was examined. Of 78 patients treated for slipped capital femoral epiphyses between 1972 and 1998, 29 (38 hips) were evaluated at a mean followup of 7.6 years (range, 1.4-26 years). The average patient age was 21.8 years (range, 14.6-39 years), 55% were female, and the average body mass index was 28.7 (range, 16.1-50.2). Most slips were stable (92%, 35 of 38) and mild or moderate in severity (98%, 36 of 37). Followup examinations revealed slight deficits in range of motion, strength, and limb length. Radiographs showed slight improvements in head-shaft angle and reduced but persistent femoral neck deformity. Osteoarthritic changes were absent or negligible in 84% (32 of 38) of the hips. The average Iowa hip score was 90.5 (range, 51-100). Patient outcome scores for the AAOS Hip/Knee Questionnaire fell slightly below 50th percentile norms. Neither slip stability, severity, nor body mass index impacted outcome. Femoral neck deformity correlated with function, pain, and Boyer grade. Overall, patients had minor functional deficits and pain that may have been related to femoral neck deformity, but longer followup is warranted.

  14. The impact of meeting donor management goals on the development of delayed graft function in kidney transplant recipients.

    PubMed

    Malinoski, D J; Patel, M S; Ahmed, O; Daly, M C; Mooney, S; Graybill, C O; Foster, C E; Salim, A

    2013-04-01

    Many organ procurement organizations (OPOs) utilize preset critical care endpoints as donor management goals (DMGs) in order to standardize care and improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of meeting DMGs on delayed graft function (DGF) in renal transplant recipients. All eight OPOs of the United Network for Organ Sharing Region 5 prospectively implemented nine DMGs in every donor after neurologic determination of death (DNDD). "DMGs met" was defined a priori as achieving any seven of the nine DMGs and this was recorded at the time of consent for donation to reflect donor hospital ICU management, 12-18 h later, and prior to organ recovery. Multivariable analyses were performed to identify independent predictors of DGF (dialysis in the first week after transplantation) with a p<0.05. A total of 722 transplanted kidneys from 492 DNDDs were included. A total of 28% developed DGF. DMGs were met at consent in 14%, 12-18 h in 32% and prior to recovery in 38%. DGF was less common when DMGs were met at consent (17% vs. 30%, p=0.007). Independent predictors of DGF were age, Cr and cold ischemia time, while meeting DMGs at consent was significantly protective. The management of potential organ donors prior to consent affects outcomes and should remain a priority in the intensive care unit.

  15. Reconstruction of the biomechanical transfer path of femoral head necrosis: a subject-specific finite element investigation.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Guang-Quan; Pang, Zhi-Hui; Chen, Qin-Qun; He, Wei; Chen, Zhen-Qiu; Chen, Lei-Lei; Li, Zi-Qi

    2014-09-01

    According to Wolff׳s law, the structure and function of bone are interdependent. The disruption of trabeculae in the necrotic femoral head destroys the biomechanical transfer path, increasing the risk of a collapse in the cortical bone. Hence, biomaterials are needed to promote osteogenesis to aid in the reconstruction of a similar biomechanical transfer path that can provide structural and biomechanical support to prevent and delay bone deterioration. Fibular allograft combined with impaction bone grafting (FAIBG) is a hip preservation method that provides both biological repair materials and biomechanical support. This method has been used successfully in the clinical setting, but it still lacks biomechanical insight. In this paper, we aim to provide a biomechanical basis for treatment using FAIBG, we used subject-specific finite element (FE) methods to analyse the biomechanical transfer characteristics of hip models: physiological, pathological and postoperative. The physiological model provided insight into the biomechanical transfer characteristics of the proximal femur. The pathological model showed an abnormal stress distribution that destroyed stress transfer capability. The postoperative model showed that FAIBG can reconstruct the biomechanical transfer path of the femoral head and reduce the risk of a collapse in the cortical bone. In conclusion, FAIBG seems to treat necrosis of the femoral head.

  16. The impact of blood transfusions in deceased organ donors on the outcomes of 1,884 renal grafts from United Network for Organ Sharing Region 5.

    PubMed

    de la Cruz, J Salvador; Sally, Mitchell B; Zatarain, John R; Crutchfield, Megan; Ramsey, Katrina; Nielsen, Jamison; Patel, Madhukar; Lapidus, Jodi; Orloff, Susan; Malinoski, Darren J

    2015-10-01

    Historically, strategies to reduce acute rejection and improve graft survival in kidney transplant recipients included blood transfusions (BTs) before transplantation. While advents in recipient immunosuppression strategies have replaced this practice, the impact of BTs in the organ donor on recipient graft outcomes has not been evaluated. We hypothesize that BTs in organ donors after neurologic determination of death (DNDDs) translate into improved recipient renal graft outcomes, as measured by a decrease in delayed graft function (DGF). Donor demographics, critical care end points, the use of BTs, and graft outcome data were prospectively collected on DNDDs from March 2012 to October 2013 in the United Network for Organ Sharing Region 5 Donor Management Database. Propensity analysis determined each DNDD's probability of receiving packed red blood cells based on demographic and critical care data as well as provider bias. The primary outcome measure was the rate of DGF (dialysis in the first week after transplantation) in different donor BT groups as follows: no BT, any BT, 1 to 5, 6 to 10, or greater than 10 packed red blood cell units. Regression models determined the relationship between donor BTs and recipient DGF after accounting for known predictors of DGF as well as the propensity to receive a BT. Data were complete for 1,884 renal grafts from 1,006 DNDDs; 52% received any BT, 32% received 1 to 5 U, 11% received 6 to 10, and 9% received greater than 10 U of blood. Grafts from transfused donors had a lower rate of DGF compared with those of the nontransfused donors (26% vs. 34%, p < 0.001). After adjusting for known confounders, grafts from donors with any BT had a lower odds of DGF (odds ratio, 0.76; p = 0.030), and this effect was greatest in those with greater than 10 U transfused. Any BT in a DNDD was associated with a 23% decrease in the odds of recipients developing DGF, and this effect was more pronounced as the number of BTs increased. Therapeutic

  17. Bone grafts.

    PubMed

    Hubble, Matthew J W

    2002-09-01

    Bone grafts are used in musculoskeletal surgery to restore structural integrity and enhance osteogenic potential. The demand for bone graft for skeletal reconstruction in bone tumor, revision arthroplasty, and trauma surgery, couple with recent advances in understanding and application of the biology of bone transplantation, has resulted in an exponential increase in the number of bone-grafting procedures performed over the last decade. It is estimated that 1.5 million bone-grafting procedures are currently performed worldwide each year, compared to a fraction of that number 20 years ago. Major developments also have resulted in the harvesting, storage, and use of bone grafts and production of graft derivatives, substitutes, and bone-inducing agents.

  18. Endovascular Treatment of Complications of Femoral Arterial Access

    SciTech Connect

    Tsetis, Dimitrios

    2010-06-15

    Endovascular repair of femoral arterial access complications is nowadays the treatment of choice in a group of patients who cannot tolerate vascular reconstruction and bleeding due to advanced cardiovascular disease. Endovascular procedures can be performed under local anesthesia, are well tolerated by the patient, and are associated with a short hospitalization time. Ninitinol stent technology allows for safe stent and stent-graft extension at the common femoral artery (CFA) level, due to increased resistance to external compression and bending stress. Active pelvic bleeding can be insidious, and prompt placement of a stent-graft at the site of leakage is a lifesaving procedure. Percutaneous thrombin injection under US guidance is the treatment of choice for femoral pseudoaneurysms (PAs); this can theoretically be safer with simultaneous balloon occlusion across the entry site of a PA without a neck or with a short and wide neck. In a few cases with thrombin failure due to a large arterial defect or accompanying arteriovenous fistula (AVF), a stent-graft can be deployed. The vast majority of catheter-induced AVFs can be treated effectively with stent-graft implantation even if they are located very close to the femoral bifurcation. Obstructive dissection flaps localized in the CFA are usually treated with prolonged balloon inflation; however, in more extensive dissections involving iliac arteries, self-expanding stents should be deployed. Iliofemoral thrombosis can be treated effectively with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) followed by prolonged balloon inflation or stent placement. Balloon angioplasty and CDT can occasionally be used to treat stenoses and occlusions complicating the use of percutaneous closure devices.

  19. Improved outcomes of incarcerated femoral hernia: a multivariate analysis of predictive factors of bowel ischemia and potential impact on postoperative complications.

    PubMed

    Alhambra-Rodriguez de Guzmán, Cristina; Picazo-Yeste, Joaquín; Tenías-Burillo, Jose María; Moreno-Sanz, Carlos

    2013-02-01

    Although much of the literature focuses on risk factors for intestinal resection in groin hernias, little is known specifically for the femoral type. This study identifies clinical and analytic parameters associated with intestinal ischemia in patients with an incarcerated femoral hernia. Eighty-six patients with an incarcerated femoral hernia were included in an analytic, longitudinal, observational, retrospective cohort study. Clinical presentation, the duration of symptoms, analytic and radiologic studies, complications, and mortality rates were analyzed. Eight (9.3%) patients underwent intestinal resection. Factors related to intestinal ischemia were oral anticoagulants intake (odds ratio = 9.6) and a duration of symptoms longer than 3 days (odds ratio = 2.1). There was no relationship between leukocytosis (P = .02) or radiographic signs of intestinal obstruction (P = .28) and bowel resection. Patients with a duration of symptoms longer than 3 days and, interestingly, those having oral anticoagulant therapy appeared to be at a higher risk for developing intestinal ischemia. A remarkable reduction in morbimortality can be achieved through an earlier referral to the hospital, quick preoperative workup, and urgent operation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Laceration of femoral vessels by an avulsion fracture fragment of the lesser trochanter after bipolar hemiarthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Ha, Yong-Chan; Luminita, Simion; Cho, Se-Hyun; Choi, Jun-Young; Koo, Kyung-Hoi

    2005-08-01

    Femoral vessel injuries after bipolar hemiarthroplasty have not been reported. The current report describes a case of a dual major vessel (superficial femoral artery and vein) injury associated with an avulsion fracture fragment of the lesser trochanter in a 76-year-old woman who had been treated with bipolar hemiarthroplasty because of a femoral neck fracture. The superficial femoral artery was repaired and the defect of the superficial femoral vein was reconstructed with a Gore-Tex graft (WL Gore and Associates Inc, Flagstaff, Ariz). The clinical result was satisfactory and there was no vascular problem at 1-year follow-up. Early diagnosis of this vascular injury prevents serious complications including gangrene of the injured limb.

  1. Monitoring femoral component installation using vibration testing.

    PubMed

    Giardini, Seana; Cornwell, Phillip; Meneghini, R Michael

    2005-01-01

    With emerging minimally invasive surgical techniques in total hip arthroplasty, there has been anecdotal evidence of an increase in fractures associated with the insertion of the prosthesis into the femur. The diminished visibility associated with minimally invasive surgical techniques necessitates a greater emphasis on the surgeon's tactile and auditory senses. These senses are used to ascertain the femoral component position of maximum stability and interference fit, as well as to prevent further component impaction and subsequent fracture of the femur. The work described herein attempts to identify a means to supplement the surgeon's tactile and auditory senses by using damage identification techniques normally used in civil and mechanical structures to monitor the insertion process of the prosthesis. It is hypothesized that vibration characteristics of the impact process may be used intraoperatively to determine at what position the femoral component has reached appropriate interference fit and stability in the femur. Such information may be used to prevent further impaction of the femoral component past a threshold that could result in a periprosthetic fracture. A piezoelectric accelerometer and impact hammer will be used to monitor the impact process. The acceleration time history data were analyzed by using low and high pass filters to allow frequency analysis of the time history signals. This paper will summarize features derived from the measured data that will be used to develop an insertion process termination indicator.

  2. Femoral Access and Delivery of Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Dose.

    PubMed

    Bellomo, Rinaldo; Mårtensson, Johan; Lo, Serigne; Kaukonen, Kirsi-Maija; Cass, Alan; Gallagher, Martin

    2016-01-01

    The study aims to describe the use of dialysis catheters in critically ill patients treated with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and to study the impact of femoral versus non-femoral access on CRRT dose. Statistical analysis and predictive modelling of data from the Randomized Evaluation of Normal vs. Augmented Level renal replacement therapy trial. The femoral vein was the first access site in 937 (67%) of 1,399 patients. These patients had higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores (p = 0.009) and lower pH (p < 0.001) but similar mortality to patients with non-femoral access (44 vs. 45%; p = 0.63). Lower body weight was independently associated with femoral access placement (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.96-0.98). Femoral access was associated with a 1.03% lower CRRT dose (p = 0.05), but a 4.20% higher dose was achieved with 13.5 Fr catheters (p = 0.03). Femoral access was preferred in lighter and sicker patients. Catheter gauge had greater impact than catheter site in CRRT dose delivery. Video Journal Club "Cappuccino with Claudio Ronco" at http://www.karger.com/?doi=439581. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  3. Total arthroplasty in displaced dysplastic hips with acetabular reconstruction and femoral shortening – technical note☆☆☆

    PubMed Central

    Silva, Paulo; de Oliveira, Leandro Alves; Coelho, Danilo Lopes; do Amaral, Rogério Andrade; Rebello, Percival Rosa; de Moraes, Frederico Barra

    2014-01-01

    To describe a new procedure of total hip replacement in patient with severe developmental dysplasia of the left hip, using technique of acetabular reconstruction with autogenous bone grafts and subtrochanteric shortening femoral osteotomy. Total hip replacement done in January of 2003. The Eftekhar's classification was used and included type D, neglected dislocations. Bone graft incorporated in acetabular shelf and femoral osteotomy. Our contribution is the use of an Allis plate to better fix acetabular grafts, avoiding loosening, and cerclage around bone graft in femoral osteotomy site, which diminish pseudoarthrosis risk. This technique shows efficiency, allowing immediately resolution for this case with pain and range of motion of hip improvement. It also allows the acetabular dysplasia reconstruction, equalization of the limb length (without elevated risk of neurovascular lesion) and repairs the normal hip biomechanics due to the correction of the hip's center of rotation. PMID:26229775

  4. Impact of Donor Recipient Gender and Race Mismatch on Graft Outcomes in Patients With End-Stage Liver Disease Undergoing Liver Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yefei

    2017-03-01

    The discrepancy between donor supply and organ demand increased the possibility of gender and race mismatch between the donors and recipients. However, the findings of their impact on graft and patient survival are outdated and mixed. To estimate the effects of gender and race mismatch on graft survival and patient survival among adult patients (18 years and older) with end-stage liver disease. A total of 38 768 patients undergoing liver transplant between 2002 and 2011 were identified from United Network for Organ Sharing database. Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank tests, and Cox proportional hazard regressions with backward elimination adopting a marginal approach with a working independence assumption and stratification on recipient hepatitis C virus status were used. Posttransplantation graft survival and patient survival. Both gender mismatch (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09-1.12) and race mismatch (HR 1.08, 95%C: 1.04-1.12) had significantly adverse effects on graft survival and patient survival after controlling for other factors, especially among hepatitis C-positive female recipients with male donors (HR 1.13, 95%CI 1.03-1.24), black recipients with white donors (1.39, 1.29-1.49) or Hispanic donors (HR 1.48, 95%CI 1.27-1.72), and these effects were even worse among hepatitis C-positive recipients. Gender and race mismatch between donors and recipients adversely affected graft survival and patient survival among adult patients with end-stage liver disease, both independently and after the adjustment for other factors. Future research is recommended to explore other factors such as new model for end-stage liver disease sharing policy change and disparities in access to waiting-list or transplantation.

  5. Acetabular revision in THA using tantalum augments combined with impaction bone grafting.

    PubMed

    Gehrke, Thorsten; Bangert, Yannic; Schwantes, Bernd; Gebauer, Matthias; Kendoff, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Acetabular revision with associated bone loss in uncontained defects can be difficult. We report preliminary results utilising a novel technique, combining tantalum-augments with allograft bone and cemented cups. Forty-six patients undergoing cup revision with a tantalum augment and allografting were clinically (HHS) and radiographically reviewed at an average of 46 months postoperatively. There were 28 type-2B and 18 type-3A Paprosky defects. Postoperative images were assessed for osteointegration, bone-remodelling and recreation of the native hip centre. The average patient age at time of acetabular revision was 65 years, with 18 male and 28 female patients. The HHS improved on average from 44 to 82 points. Correction of the high hip centre was possible in all patients with average medialisation of 10 mm and lowering of the hip centre by 14 mm. Four patients (four hips) sustained a hip dislocation postoperatively and one required revision. Two acetabular revisions were necessary after implantation, because of early cup loosening and failure of the construct. In one of these, the tantalum augment was found to be well fixed. Of the remaining hips, at latest radiographic follow-up, 44 tantalum implants were radiographically stable and osteointegrated. Non-progressive radiolucent lines were present around the acetabular component in two other hips. The combination of tantalum-augmentation with impaction allografting is a promising technique to manage severe uncontained acetabular defects.

  6. Impact of Age on Quality of Life, Functional Status and Survival in Patients with Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease

    PubMed Central

    El-Jawahri, Areej; Pidala, Joseph; Inamoto, Yoshi; Chai, Xiaoyu; Khera, Nandita; Wood, William A.; Cutler, Corey; Arora, Mukta; Carpenter, Paul A.; Palmer, Jeanne; Flowers, Mary; Weisdorf, Daniel; Pavletic, Steven; Jaglowski, Samantha; Jagasia, Madan; Lee, Stephanie J.; Chen, Yi-Bin

    2014-01-01

    Although older patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) may experience higher morbidity, the impact of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) on quality of life (QOL) or survival outcomes for older compared to younger patients is currently unknown. We utilized data of patients with moderate or severe chronic GVHD (N=522, 1661 follow-up visits, a total of 2,183 visits) from the Chronic GVHD Consortium, a prospective observational multicenter cohort. We examined the relationship between age group (adolescent and young adult “AYA” 1840, “middle-aged” 41–59, and “older” ≥ 60 years) and QOL (FACT-BMT), physical functioning (Human Activity Profile (HAP)), functional status (2-minute walk test (2MWT)), non-relapse mortality and overall survival. Because of multiple testing, p-values <0.01 were considered significant. This study included 115 (22%) AYA, 279 (53%) middle-aged, and 128 (25%) older patients with moderate (58%) or severe (42%) chronic GVHD. Despite more physical limitations in older patients as measured by worse functional status [shorter 2MWT (p<0.001) and lower HAP scores (p < 0.001)] relative to AYA and middle-aged patients, older patients reported better QOL [FACT-BMT, p=0.004)] compared to middle-aged patients and similar to AYA patients (p=0.99). Non-relapse mortality and overall survival were similar between the age groups. Therefore, despite higher physical and functional limitations, older patients who are selected to undergo HSCT and survive long enough to develop moderate or severe chronic GVHD have preserved QOL and similar overall survival and non-relapse mortality when compared to younger patients. Therefore, we did not find evidence that older age is associated with worse outcomes in patients with moderate or severe chronic GVHD. PMID:24813171

  7. Factors predictive of treatment failure in staphylococcal prosthetic vascular graft infections: a prospective observational cohort study: impact of rifampin

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background There exists considerable debate concerning management of prosthetic vascular graft infection (PVGI), especially in terms of antimicrobial treatment. This report studies factors associated with treatment failure in a cohort of patients with staphylococcal PVGI, along with the impact of rifampin (RIF). Methods All data on patients with PVGI between 2006 and 2010 were reviewed. Cure was defined as the absence of evidence of infection during the entire post-treatment follow-up for a minimum of one year. Failure was defined as any other outcome. Results 84 patients (72 M/12 F, median age 64.5 ± 11 y) with diabetes mellitus (n = 25), obesity (n = 48), coronary artery disease (n = 48), renal failure (n = 24) or COPD (n = 22) were treated for PVGI (median follow-up was 470 ± 469 d). PVGI was primarily intracavitary (n = 47). Staphylococcus aureus (n = 65; including 17 methicillin-resistant S. aureus) and coagulase-negative Staphylocococcus (n = 22) were identified. Surgical treatment was performed in 71 patients. In univariate analysis, significant risk factors associated with failure were renal failure (p = 0.04), aortic aneurysm (p = 0.03), fever (p = 0.009), aneurysm disruption (p = 0.02), septic shock in the peri-operative period (p = 0.005) and antibiotic treatment containing RIF (p = 0.03). In multivariate analysis, 2 variables were independently associated with failure:septic shock [OR 4.98: CI 95% 1.45-16.99; p=0.01] and antibiotic containing rifampin [OR: 0.32: CI95% 0.10-0.96; p=0.04]. Conclusion Results of the present study suggest that fever, septic shock and non-use of antibiotic treatment containing RIF are associated with poor outcome. PMID:24775563

  8. Rat posterior facial vein interpositional graft: a more relevant training model.

    PubMed

    Lee, Nicolas; Daley, Roger A; Cooley, Brian C

    2014-11-01

    Microvascular training models for vein grafting most often use the rat epigastric vein interpositioned to the femoral artery. We describe the rat posterior facial vein as an alternative vein graft model; it has at least a 2:1 diametric ratio to the femoral artery and a tougher connective tissue, making it more similar to clinical vein grafting for reconstructive microsurgery. A series of 24 grafts interpositioned to the femoral artery were done using 11-12 sutures per end-to-end anastomosis and yielded early patency rates of 96% at 20 min and 92% at 2 and 4 weeks for subsets of 12 grafts. As a training model the diametric disparity provides unique challenges with clinical relevance, for which a number of different techniques for matching arterial to venous circumferences can be done. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Assessment of the Impact of Skeletonization on Pleuropulmonary Changes after Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Harvest for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

    PubMed

    Dennie, C J; Oikonomou, A; Thornhill, R; Rubens, F D

    2016-09-01

    Skeletonization has been proposed as a technique to minimize the risk of sternal devascularization during bilateral internal thoracic artery harvest for coronary artery bypass grafting. The impact of this strategy on late radiologic pleuropulmonary changes has not been addressed. Post-operative chest radiographs from patients (n = 253 per group) undergoing bilateral internal thoracic artery harvest using skeletonized and non-skeletonized techniques were reviewed by blinded radiologists. The primary outcome was the incidence of atelectasis and pleural effusion. Multivariable linear regression models were derived to assess the relationship of radiologic pleuropulmonary outcomes to patients and operative variables. Patients in the skeletonized group were older (p < 0.0001), had a lower preoperative hematocrit (p = 0.014), had higher prevalence of peripheral vascular disease (p = 0.001), were of female gender (p = 0.015), underwent off-pump surgery (p < 0.001), had urgent/emergent status (p = 0.024), and had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p = 0.019). There was no difference in the incidence of post-operative complications, ventilation time, or intensive care unit stay. There was no difference in the severity of post-operative atelectasis in both groups. More patients in the non-skeletonized group had a grade 2/3 left pleural effusion on the late post-operative chest X-ray (p = 0.007). The independent effect of skeletonization on the development of a late left pleural effusion was significant (odds ratio = 0.558, 95% confidence interval = 0.359-0.866, p = 0.009). Skeletonization results in a decreased incidence of late post-operative left pleural effusion with no difference in early or late atelectasis. Further studies are warranted to assess the mechanism of these pleuropulmonary changes and the impact of other factors such as pleural violation during surgery. © The Finnish Surgical Society 2015.

  10. Impact of the nature of the temporalis fascia graft on the outcome of type I underlay tympanoplasty.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Z; Lou, Z

    2017-06-01

    Temporalis fascia has become the most widely used graft for tympanoplasty, as it is strong, durable, and easy to procure and handle. However, the type of temporalis fascia graft to use (i.e. dry or wet) remains controversial. The present review aimed to evaluate the success rates of dry and wet temporalis fascia grafts in type I underlay tympanoplasty. A literature search was performed, using PubMed up to August 2016, to identify all studies of dry and wet temporalis fascia grafts in type I underlay tympanoplasty. The initial search using the key words 'temporalis fascia' and 'tympanoplasty' identified 130 articles; these were screened by reviewing the titles or abstracts based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Ultimately, this review included seven articles. A dry or wet temporalis fascia graft did not affect the outcome of type I underlay tympanoplasty. However, using wet temporalis fascia could shorten the duration of surgery in type I underlay tympanoplasty. Concerns that the fibroblast count of temporalis fascia may beneficially affect success rate have not been substantiated in clinical reports thus far.

  11. The ACL Graft Has Different Cross-sectional Dimensions Compared With the Native ACL: Implications for Graft Impingement.

    PubMed

    Thein, Ran; Spitzer, Elad; Doyle, John; Khamaisy, Saker; Nawabi, Danyal H; Chawla, Harshvardhan; Lipman, Joseph D; Pearle, Andrew D

    2016-08-01

    Impingement of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) grafts against the femoral notch and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is thought to be influenced primarily by tunnel position and graft orientation. Recent data have implied that the native ACL is ribbon-shaped. To evaluate the 3-dimensional shape and cross-sectional area of the native ACL versus the ACL graft and to compare the degree of impingement against the femoral notch and PCL. Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Bilateral knee magnetic resonance images were analyzed for 27 patients with unilateral bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) ACL reconstruction performed via transtibial or anteromedial portal femoral tunneling techniques. Three-dimensional models of the ACL, PCL, femur, and tibia were digitally rendered. The cross-sectional area and dimensions of the native ACL and the reconstructed graft were determined at 3 equally spaced locations and compared via Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. In addition, impingement of the ACL on the PCL and femoral notch was graded in 3 groups. Chi-square or Fisher exact tests were used to compare the proportional differences of impingement of the native and reconstructed ACL on the PCL and femoral notch, respectively. All analyses were performed using 2-sided hypothesis testing, with statistical significance at P < .05. Cross-sectional areas at all 3 points on the ACL graft were significantly greater than those of the native ACL (P < .001). The long- to short-axis ratio for the native ACL was significantly greater at each location compared with the corresponding locations along the ACL graft (P < .001), implying that the native ACL is "flatter" than is an ACL graft. There were 19 operated knees (70%) with contact or impingement between the ACL graft and the femoral notch compared with zero knees with a native ACL (P < .001). In addition, 22 operated knees (81%) showed contact or impingement between the ACL graft and the PCL, compared with 7 knees (26

  12. Continuous ACL graft, results

    PubMed Central

    Díaz, Jorge Luis; Vega, Marcelo; Matesevach, Ivan

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: describe our technique using hamstring graft that respects the proximal continuity of Semitendinosus and uses the superior biological potential of the distal periosteum., preserving and stressing the ST reinforce the retropulsión and dynamic control of external rotation of the knee. Here the technique, results, difficulties and foundations. Methods: The sample of this research was composed of 229 cases operated between 01/03/97 and 01/03/13 in Arthroscopy Private Center., 166 male and 63 female, the postop follow-up was 86 months. Evaluated with IKDC, Lysholm, Hamstring EMG. Comparative histology study in rabbits. Results: IKDC and Lysholm score showed 93% of very good results. Conclusion: Dynamic ACL reconstruction achieves a static-dynamic stabilization of the knee. Grafts have a plus in their biological potential (proximal continuity - osteo-periosteal insertion of the tendons in the femoral tunnel). The hamstring maintains its functionality (EMG). 93% satisfactory results (IKDC, Lysholm). It is a valid surgical option in ACL injuries.

  13. Intraoperative anterior cruciate ligament graft contamination.

    PubMed

    Pasque, Charles B; Geib, Timothy M

    2007-03-01

    Intraoperative anterior cruciate ligament graft contamination is a rare but potentially devastating occurrence for any surgeon to encounter. Most instances in our experience have happened when a surgeon first enters practice or is operating in a new environment with new staff. Based on the currently available literature and the senior author's personal experience with 3 cases, intraoperative cleansing of the graft followed by implantation is a reasonable option. The protocol used successfully in these 3 cases includes getting the graft off of the floor immediately, removing any suture material in the graft, cleansing the graft for 15 to 30 minutes each in chlorohexidine and triple antibiotic solution, followed by a normal saline rinse. All graft sutures should then be replaced. The graft should then be resized and the tibial and femoral tunnels adjusted if needed. After implantation of the graft, additional intraoperative and postoperative intravenous antibiotic and/or oral antibiotic administration is also recommended for the first 1 to 2 weeks. Close clinical follow-up is also very important the first 6 weeks postoperatively and should include candid communication with the patient and family.

  14. Prospective evaluation of femoral head viability following femoral neck fracture

    SciTech Connect

    Binkert, B.; Kroop, S.A.; Nepola, I.V.; Grantham, A.S.; Alderson, P.O.

    1984-01-01

    The bone scans of 33 patients (pts) with recent subcapital fractures (fx) of the femur were evaluated prospectively to determine their value in predicting femoral head visability. Each of the 33 pts (ll men, 22 women, age range 30-92) had a pre-operative bone scan within 72 hrs of the fx (23 pts within 24 hrs). Anterior and posterior planar views of both hips and pinhole views (50% of pts) were obtained 2 hrs after administration of Tc-99m HDP. The femoral head was classified as perfused if it showed the same activity as the opposite normal side or if it showed only slightly decreased activity. Femoral heads showing absent activity were classified as nonperfused. Overall, 20 of the 33 pts showed a photopenic femoral head on the side of the fx. Only 2 pts showed increased activity at hte site of the fx. Internal fixation of the fx was performed in 23 pts, 12 of whom had one or more follow-up scans. Five of these 12 pts showed absent femoral head activity on their initial scan, but 2 showed later reperfusion. The other 7 pts showed good perfusion initially, with only 1 later showing decreased femoral head activity. The other 10 pts (7 of whom had absent femoral head activity) had immediate resection of the femoral head and insertion of a Cathcart prosthesis. The results suggest that femoral head activity seen on a bone scan in the immediate post-fx period is not always a reliable indicator of femoral head viability. Decreased femoral head activity may reflect, in part, compromised perfusion secondary to post-traumatic edema, with or without anatomic disruption of the blood supply.

  15. Laparoscopic repair of femoral hernia

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Xue-Fei

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia is mini-invasive and has confirmed effects. Femoral hernia could be repaired through the laparoscopic procedures for inguinal hernia. These procedures have clear anatomic view in the operation and preoperatively undiagnosed femoral hernia could be confirmed and treated. Lower recurrence ratio was reported in laparoscopic procedures compared with open procedures for repair of femoral hernia. The technical details of laparoscopic repair of femoral hernia, especially the differences to laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia are discussed in this article. PMID:27826574

  16. Impact of body mass index on graft loss in normal and overweight patients: retrospective analysis of 206 renal transplants.

    PubMed

    Papalia, Teresa; Greco, Rosita; Lofaro, Danilo; Maestripieri, Simona; Mancuso, Domenico; Bonofiglio, Renzo

    2010-01-01

    Excess body mass is increasingly prevalent in transplant recipients. Currently, most investigators consider body mass index (BMI) a categorical variable, which assumes that all risk factors and transplant outcomes will be similar in all patients within the same category. We investigated the effect of categorical and continuous BMI increments on renal transplant outcome in normal weight (NW: BMI 18.5-24.9) and overweight (OW: BMI 25-30) patients. We retrospectively studied 206 patients. The mean BMI of our population was 24.3 ± 2.83 kg/m(2) . Patients of each group were similar regarding age, gender, time on dialysis, donor type, cold ischemia time, and number of HLA mismatches. The independent association of BMI with survival was determined using Cox multivariate regression. OW patients showed a higher prevalence of co-morbidities. In patients with graft loss, there was a higher incidence of delayed graft function, chronic allograft nephropathy, acute rejection, and hypertension. Graft survival was significantly lower in OW patients compared to NW patients upon Kaplan-Meier analysis (p = 0.008). In a multivariate Cox regression analysis, the initial BMI, evaluated as a continuous variable, remained an independent predictor of graft loss (hazard ratio 1.21, 95% CI 1.04-1.47). However, with patient stratification into World Health Organization BMI category and, further, into quartiles of initial BMI, no significant correlation between BMI category and graft loss was found. We suggest that increasing BMI value, although without categorical variation, may represent an independent risk factor for graft loss. Our retrospective analysis of a small sample population will require further studies to confirm these data. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  17. Impact of de novo donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies on grafts outcomes in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation.

    PubMed

    Malheiro, Jorge; Martins, La Salete; Tafulo, Sandra; Dias, Leonídio; Fonseca, Isabel; Beirão, Idalina; Castro-Henriques, António; Cabrita, António

    2016-02-01

    De novo donor-specific antibodies (dDSA) relevance in simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation has been scarcely investigated. We analyzed dDSA relationship with grafts outcomes in a long-term follow-up SPK-transplanted cohort. In 150 patients that received SPK transplant between 2000 and 2013, post-transplant anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies were screened and identified using Luminex-based assays in sera collected at 3, 6, and 12 months, then yearly. dDSA were detected in 22 (14.7%) patients at a median 3.1 years after transplant. Pretransplant anti-HLA sensitization (OR = 4.64), full HLA-DR mismatch (OR = 4.38), and previous acute cellular rejection (OR = 9.45) were significant risk factors for dDSA. dDSA were significantly associated with kidney (in association with acute rejection) and pancreas graft failure. In dDSA+ patients, those with at least one graft failure presented more frequently dDSA against class II or I + II (P = 0.011) and locusDQ (P = 0.043) and had a higher median dDSA number (P = 0.014) and strength (P = 0.030). Median time between dDSA emergence and pancreas and kidney graft failure was 5 and 12 months, respectively. Emergence of dDSA increased the risk of grafts failure in SPK-transplanted patients. Full HLA-DR mismatch was associated with dDSA emergence. dDSA characteristics might help identify patients at a higher risk of graft failure. © 2015 Steunstichting ESOT.

  18. Simulation of the optimal femoral insertion site in medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Oka, Shinya; Matsushita, Takehiko; Kubo, Seiji; Matsumoto, Tomoyuki; Tajimi, Hiroyuki; Kurosaka, Masahiro; Kuroda, Ryosuke

    2014-10-01

    To develop and validate a new simulation system to predict the optimal femoral insertion site of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) using preprogrammed conditions of graft length change. A computed tomography scan was performed for constructing bone surface models of the patella and the femur. Lateral radiographs of the knee and axial radiographs of the patellofemoral joint at knee flexion were used for constructing a three-dimensional patellofemoral joint model by 3D-2D image matching at each knee flexion angle. To determine the optimal femoral insertion site, the following three conditions were devised: (1) MPFL behaves isometric from 0° to 60°, (2) MPFL is most taut at full extension, and (3) MPFL is slack at more than 60° of knee flexion. Every condition was applied to the femoral bone surface model, and the area that fulfilled all three conditions was defined as the optimal femoral insertion site of MPFL. Twenty knees of ten healthy volunteers were assessed to verify the simulation. Comparison between simulated optimal femoral insertion and anatomical insertion was done. The mean simulated optimal femoral insertion was close to the anatomical insertion site. There were no significant differences in the proximal-distal position and anterior-posterior position between the simulated insertion and the anatomical insertion sites. The system can be useful for predicting the optimal femoral insertion site as a part of a preoperative plan for MPFL reconstruction, and it may help surgeons to determine the optimal femoral insertion site during MPFL reconstruction.

  19. Impact of increasing degrees of renal impairment on outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting: the off-pump advantage.

    PubMed

    García Fuster, Rafael; Paredes, Federico; García Peláez, Aritz; Martín, Elio; Cánovas, Sergio; Gil, Oscar; Hornero, Fernando; Martínez-León, Juan

    2013-10-01

    Increasing degrees of renal impairment are associated with higher rates of morbimortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This incremental risk has not been well studied in off-pump procedures (OPCAB). We assessed its impact on OPCAB and on-pump CABG (ONCAB). A total of 1769 patients undergoing primary CABG (January 1995 through June 2011) had complete data on glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). 930 patients had Stage 2 renal insufficiency, 330 Stage 3, 27 Stage 4 and 465 normal renal function (Stage 1). Seventeen patients with end-stage disease (Stage 5) were excluded. The OPCAB technique was selectively used in 350 high-risk patients. Preoperative variables and postoperative outcomes were compared among eGFR subgroups and between matched and unmatched OPCAB vs ONCAB groups. Stages 3-4 patients were older (P < 0.0001), with higher prevalence of diabetes (36.8, 35.0, 39.7 and 74.1%, P < 0.01, 1-4 eGFR groups) peripheral arteriopathy (6.0, 9.0, 15.8 and 29.6%, P < 0.0001) and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (GFR-LVEF correlation: Pearson: 0.12, P < 0.0001). On-pump GFR groups had increasingly higher in-hospital mortality (1.0, 1.2, 3.5 and 15.4%, P < 0.0001), but no differences were observed in OPCAB (5.5, 4.8, 5.4 and 7.1%, P = 0.97). Similar trends on in-hospital morbidity were observed in ONCAB vs OPCAB groups: low cardiac output (P < 0.01), pneumonia (P < 0.01) and stroke (P < 0.05). GFR only predicted mortality in ONCAB patients (odds ratio (OR): 0.96, 95% CI: 0.94-0.98; P < 0.01). Patients with higher eGFR stages had statistically more reduced long-term survival, and this pattern was similar in the three treatment groups, also including the OPCAB group, who had the lowest survival in patients with eGFR stage 4. Patients with low GFR (Stages 3-4) undergoing ONCAB were at increased risk of early morbimortality. In contrast, there were no significant differences in operative morbimortality among eGFR groups in OPCAB patients. This

  20. In vivo bone tunnel evaluation of nanoparticle-grafts using an ACL reconstruction rabbit model.

    PubMed

    Grant, Sheila A; Smith, Sarah E; Schmidt, Hilary; Pfeiffer, Ferris; Kuroki, Kei; Sherman, Seth; White, Richard; Grant, David A

    2017-04-01

    Acellular human gracilis tendons conjugated with gold nanoparticles (AuNP) and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nano-HAp) were used as a graft in an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction rabbit model. The ACLs of 11 New Zealand rabbits were reconstructed using grafts conjugated without nanoparticles, with AuNP only, and with both AuNP and nano-HAp. Semi-quantitative histological scoring of bone tunnel portion of grafts was performed after 14 weeks. Bone tunnels were scored for graft degeneration, graft remodeling, percentage of new host fibrous connective, collateral connection, head-to-head connection, graft collagen fiber organization, new host fibrous connective tissue organization, and graft and interface vascularity. All grafts were intact at 14 weeks. Results of bone tunnel scoring indicate remodeling in all graft types with new organized host fibrous connective tissue, head-to-head connection to bone and mild inflammation associated with remodeling. Components of the 20 nm AuNP grafts have significantly more graft degeneration, more new host fibrous connective tissue, and more vascularity compared to crosslinked grafts. Comparison between femoral and tibial tunnel scores indicate more degeneration in femoral tunnels compared to tibial tunnels. Overall results indicated potentially enhanced remodeling from the use of 20 nm AuNP grafts. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 105A: 1071-1082, 2017.

  1. The impact of skin grafting on the quality of life and self-esteem of patients with venous leg ulcers.

    PubMed

    Salomé, Geraldo M; Blanes, Leila; Ferreira, Lydia M

    2014-01-01

    The assessment of health-related quality of life in patients with venous leg ulcers provides important information for clinical decision making, evaluation of therapeutic benefits, and prediction of survival probabilities. Health-related quality of life and self-esteem were assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Rosenberg self-esteem (RSE) scale, respectively, in patients with venous leg ulcers treated with split-thickness skin grafts. One hundred patients with venous leg ulcers and indication for skin grafting were divided into two groups of 50 patients each: the control group (patients who received conservative treatment) and surgery group (patients who received split-thickness skin grafts). Patients in the surgery group reported significantly higher SF-36 scores (better health status) than controls one month after surgery, as well as 90 and 180 days postoperatively (p < 0.002). The mean total RSE score was significantly lower (indicating higher self-esteem) in the surgery group (mean RSE score, 17.54) than in the control group (mean RSE score, 24.22). Split-thickness skin grafting resulted in better health-related quality of life and self-esteem in patients with venous leg ulcers than did compression therapy with Unna's boot.

  2. The surgical treatment of ilio-femoral venous obstruction.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, G; Caliò, F G; D'Urso, A; Mancini, P; Papaspyropoulos, V; Ceccanei, G; Lorusso, R; Vietri, F

    2004-01-01

    A series of 9 patients of a mean age of 48 years, operated on for compression of the ilio-femoral venous axis is reported. The cause of obstruction was external compression in 3 cases, a retroperitoneal sarcoma in 1 case, and an infrarenal aortic aneurysm in 2. Two patients presented with a Cockett's syndrome, 3 with a chronic ilio-femoral thrombosis, and one with a post-traumatic segmentary stenosis. Treatment consisted in a resection/Dacron grafting of 2 infrarenal aortic aneurysms, one femoro-caval bypass graft, 2 transpositions of the right common iliac artery in the left hypogastric artery for Cockett's syndrome, 3 Palma's operations for chronic thrombosis, and one internal jugular vein interposition for segmentary stenosis. There were no postoperative deaths and no early thromboses of venous reconstructions performed. All the patients were relieved of symptoms during the follow-up period, whose mean length was 38 months. The cause of venous obstruction and the presence of symptoms which are resistant to medical treatment are the main indications to ilio-femoral venous revascularization. The choice of the optimal treatment in each single case yields satisfactory results.

  3. Mycotic femoral aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Richard Scott; Bennett, Kenneth R

    2007-05-01

    After several weeks of fever and chills, a 31-year-old logger developed pain in his right thigh. Upon examination a tender, pulsating upper thigh mass was found with a long loud bruit arising from it. Severe aortic insufficiency was present; however, blood cultures were negative. An angiogram, captured blood with contrast spewing from the profunda femoral artery to fill a 5 x 10 cm sac. A false aneurysm was diagnosed and resected; numerous gram positive cocci were present in cut sections, but cultures from the cavity grew the gram negative bacteria Salmonella and Alcaligenes. After one month of intravenous ampicillin the aortic valve was replaced after being destroyed by endocarditis. Ampicillin was continued and recovery was uneventful. Mycotic aneurysms are commonly caused by Salmonella (10%), which was second only to Staphylococcus (30%). The femoral artery accounts for 38% of all mycotic aneurysms. They typically present with a pulsatile mass (52%), bruit (50%), and fever (48%). This diagnosis can be supported by leukocytosis (64-71%), positive blood cultures (50-85%), and a history of arterial trauma (51%) (injection drug use, intravascular procedure, or trauma) or endocarditis (10%).

  4. Nerve reconstruction with glycerol-preserved allogenic grafts in the rat.

    PubMed

    Wolff, K D; Walter, G; Zimmer, C

    1993-01-01

    A variety of materials have been evaluated as potential nerve grafts. To date, none has been shown to be consistently equal with regard to functional outcome when compared to standard autogenous nerve grafts. In this study, nerves stored in glycerol were evaluated for their peripheral nerve regenerative capacity. Femoral nerves were harvested from Fischer rats and stored for a minimum of 100 days in 98% glycerol at 4 degrees C. They were grafted into femoral nerve gaps of Lewis rats. After 3 months, histologic, electrophysiologic, and morphometric (axon diameter) analyses revealed less regenerative response than nerve gaps grafted with fresh, syngeneic controls. The differences disappeared by 6 months, although neither graft technique achieved recovery comparable to unoperated nerves. Immunohistochemical evaluation demonstrated a modest immune response at 3 months, which subsided by 6 months. These findings are encouraging for the development of glycerol-preserved nerve graft banking.

  5. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the Bio-TransFix femoral fixation device and anteromedial portal technique.

    PubMed

    Hantes, Michael E; Dailiana, Zoe; Zachos, Vasilios C; Varitimidis, Sokratis E

    2006-05-01

    The cross-pin femoral fixation technique for soft tissue grafts is a popular option in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. One of these devices is the Bio-TransFix (Arthrex Inc., Naples, FL, USA) which provides high fixation strength. According to the manufacturer, the femoral tunnel is created by placing the femoral aiming device through the tibial tunnel (transtibial technique). However, using this technique it is very difficult or even impossible to place the graft at the anatomical ACL attachment site at the "10 o'clock" position. In this report, we describe the use of the Bio-TransFix device with an anteromedial portal technique. Using this technique, the surgeon has more freedom to place the graft in an anatomical position, while combining the advantages of the excellent biomechanical properties of this device.

  6. The impact of glucocorticosteroids administered for systemic diseases on the osseointegration and survival of dental implants placed without bone grafting-A retrospective study in 31 patients.

    PubMed

    Petsinis, Vassilis; Kamperos, Georgios; Alexandridi, Foteini; Alexandridis, Konstantinos

    2017-08-01

    To evaluate the impact of glucocorticosteroids, administered for the treatment of systemic diseases, on the osseointegration and survival of dental implants placed without bone grafting. A retrospective study was conducted in search of patients treated with dental implants while receiving glucocorticosteroid therapy for various systemic diseases. In these cases, a conventional two-stage surgical protocol was used, without bone regeneration procedures. The osseointegration was clinically and radiographically tested at the uncovering of the implants. The follow-up after loading was set at a minimum of 3 years. A total of 31 patients were included in the study. Of the 105 dental implants placed, 104 were osseointegrated (99%). No bone absorption was radiographically noted at the uncovering of the osseointegrated implants. All of the osseointegrated implants were successfully loaded for the prosthetic restoration. The mean follow-up period after loading was 71 months, with an implant survival rate of 99%. Glucocorticosteroid intake for systemic diseases does not have a significant impact on the osseointegration and the 3-year survival of dental implants placed with a conventional two-stage surgical protocol and without bone grafting. Therefore, it should not be considered a contraindication for dental implant placement. Copyright © 2017 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Extra-anatomic autologous reconstruction with hepatic-iliac artery bypass graft for aortic endograft infection.

    PubMed

    Buora, Adelaide; Floriani, Marco; Gabrielli, Livio

    2015-01-01

    We present a new intra-abdominal extra-anatomic bypass graft for a 64-year-old man treated with an abdominal aortic endograft and with signs of endograft infection. We performed surgical removal of the endograft and intra-abdominal extra-anatomic reconstruction of a hepatic-to-right external iliac artery bypass with autologous superficial femoral vein and a crossover graft between the right and left external iliac artery with the great saphenous vein. The later occlusion of the saphenous vein graft led us to perform a femoral-femoral prosthetic crossover. At 42 months from the intervention, the patient was in good health, and duplex scanning confirmed the patency of all grafts. Copyright © 2015 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Impact of Public Reporting of 30-day Mortality on Timing of Death after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery.

    PubMed

    Hua, May; Scales, Damon C; Cooper, Zara; Pinto, Ruxandra; Moitra, Vivek; Wunsch, Hannah

    2017-09-13

    Recent reports have raised concerns that public reporting of 30-day mortality after cardiac surgery may delay decisions to withdraw life-sustaining therapies for some patients. The authors sought to examine whether timing of mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery significantly increases after day 30 in Massachusetts, a state that reports 30-day mortality. The authors used New York as a comparator state, which reports combined 30-day and all in-hospital mortality, irrespective of time since surgery. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery in hospitals in Massachusetts and New York between 2008 and 2013. The authors calculated the empiric daily hazard of in-hospital death without censoring on hospital discharge, and they used joinpoint regression to identify significant changes in the daily hazard over time. In Massachusetts and New York, 24,864 and 63,323 patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, respectively. In-hospital mortality was low, with 524 deaths (2.1%) in Massachusetts and 1,398 (2.2%) in New York. Joinpoint regression did not identify a change in the daily hazard of in-hospital death at day 30 or 31 in either state; significant joinpoints were identified on day 10 (95% CI, 7 to 15) for Massachusetts and days 2 (95% CI, 2 to 3) and 12 (95% CI, 8 to 15) for New York. In Massachusetts, a state with a long history of publicly reporting cardiac surgery outcomes at day 30, the authors found no evidence of increased mortality occurring immediately after day 30 for patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery. These findings suggest that delays in withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy do not routinely occur as an unintended consequence of this type of public reporting.

  9. Impact of graft steatosis on the post-transplantation biliary complications for living donor liver transplant recipients in China.

    PubMed

    Li, Hong-Yu; Wei, Yong-Gang; Li, Bo; Yan, Lv-Nan; Wen, Tian-Fu; Zhao, Ji-Chun; Xu, Ming-Qing; Wang, Wen-Tao; Ma, Yu-Kui; Yang, Jia-Yin

    2012-06-01

    After living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), the prevalence of complications related to the biliary system is 6-35%. In spite of great improvements in both surgical techniques and postoperative and long-term medical treatment, the biliary complications are still considered a relatively high risk for LDLT. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the incidence of biliary complications and identify predisposing risk factors. The clinical and follow-up data of 175 adult patients receiving LDLT (right lobe or left lobe) between 2002 and December 2008 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into 2 groups: with biliary complications (n=30) and without biliary complications (n=145). Thirty patients (17.1%) had post-transplantation biliary complications. Eight patients (4.6%) were diagnosed with bile leakage, while 24 patients (13.7%) developed biliary stricture. Percentage of steatosis of the graft and hepatic artery thrombosis after LDLT were two factors upon univariate analysis (p=0.034, p=0.01, respectively). In multivariate logistic analysis, 20-50% macrovesicular steatosis emerged as a new defined risk factor by us (p=0.001). There was no difference in patient survival rate in different groups and sorts of graft steatosis (p>0.05). We consider that using a graft with macro-vesicular steatosis in 20-50% should be put on the table carefully, balancing both sides of positive and negative.

  10. RISKS AND CONSEQUENCES OF USING THE TRANSPORTAL TECHNIQUE IN RECONSTRUCTING THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT: RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE FEMORAL TUNNEL, LATERAL SUPERIOR GENICULAR ARTERY AND LATERAL EPICONDYLE OF THE FEMORAL CONDYLE

    PubMed Central

    Astur, Diego Costa; Aleluia, Vinicius; Santos, Ciro Veronese; Arliani, Gustavo Gonçalves; Badra, Ricardo; Oliveira, Saulo Gomes; Kaleka, Camila Cohen; Cohen, Moisés

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Define a security zone to avoid possibles vascular and ligamentar complications during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Methods: Arthroscopic reconstruction using the transtibial and transportal technique in cadaver knees was performed followed by dissection and measurement of the distance between the femoral tunnel and the proximal attachment of the lateral collateral ligament and the femoral tunnel and the lateral superior genicular artery. Results: The measure of the analysed distances show us an aproximation between the major branch of the lateral superior genicular artery and the femoral insertion of the colateral lateral ligament and the femoral tunnel during the transportal technique. Conclusion: We realize that the use of technical ship it to arthroscopic ACL reconstruction has a higher probability of injury to the lateral geniculate artery and insertion of the lateral collateral ligament, promoting post-surgical complications such as instability of the knee, osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle and ligamentização graft. PMID:27047873

  11. In Situ Aortic Reconstruction with Femoral Vein after Post-EVAR Infection.

    PubMed

    Shin, Hong Kyung; Park, Jae Young; Lee, Taeseung

    2014-06-01

    A 78-year-old male presented with early gastric cancer and a 5.5 cm-sized infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, detected during regular screening. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) was performed first, followed by laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. After gastrectomy, the patient underwent computed tomography (CT) scan due to persistent fever, which showed increased perigraft fluid collection around the right iliac limb graft. Echocardiography also revealed mitral valve vegetation, consistent with infective endocarditis. Despite intensive antibiotic treatment, the patient had persistent fever and showed fluid extension to the psoas muscle on CT scan. On the 49th post operative day (POD) after EVAR, stent graft explantation and aortic reconstruction with the left superficial femoral vein was performed. Ligation of the right iliac artery for infection control and simultaneous femoro-femoral bypass was also performed. The patient was discharged on the 46th POD after graft removal without any events.

  12. Amalgamation of allogenic bone graft, platelet-rich fibrin gel, and PRF membrane in auto-transplantation of an impacted central incisor.

    PubMed

    Chaudhary, Zainab; Kumar, Yuvika Raj; Mohanty, Sujata; Khetrapal, Ambica

    2015-01-01

    "Social six" teeth refers to the maxillary incisors and canines that play a vital role in the appearance of an individual and absence of any one of them has a significant psycho-social impact. Hence, early treatment and rehabilitation of the same are extremely important. A multitude of treatment options ranging from orthodontic extrusion, extraction followed by implant placement, fixed partial denture, and auto-transplantation have been advocated. This case report discusses the unique amalgamation of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), demineralized freeze-dried bone graft with use of PRF membrane during auto-transplantation of an impacted central incisor. The authors have focused on maximum usage of autogenous materials in the most economic and least invasive manner. Furthermore, this amalgamation has been used to provide rehabilitation in the least span of time.

  13. Femoral tunnel placement in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: rationale of the two incision technique

    PubMed Central

    Garofalo, Raffaele; Moretti, Biagio; Kombot, Cyril; Moretti, Lorenzo; Mouhsine, Elyazid

    2007-01-01

    Endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can be performed through one-incision or two-incision technique. The current one-incision endoscopic ACL single bundle reconstruction techniques attempt to perform an isometric repair placing the graft along the roof of the intercondylar notch, anterior and superior to the native ACL insertion. However the ACL isometry is a theoretical condition, and has not stood up to detailed testing and investigation. Moreover this type of reconstruction results in a vertically oriented non-anatomic graft, which is able to control anterior tibial translation but not the rotational component of the instability. Femoral tunnel obliquity has a great effect on rotational stability. To improve the obliquity of graft, an anatomical ACL reconstruction should be attempt. Anatomical insertion of ACL on the femur lies very low in the notch, spreading between 11 and 9–8 o'clock position and the center lies lower than at 11 o'clock position. Femoral aiming devices through the tibial tunnel aim at an isometric placement, and they do not aim at an anatomic position of the graft. Also, a placement of tunnel in a position of 11 o'clock is unable to restore rotational stability. The two-incision technique, with the possibility to position femoral tunnel independently by tibial tunnel, allows us to place femoral tunnel entrance in a position of 10 'clock that can most accurately reproduce the anatomic behaviour of the ACL and can potentially improve the response of the graft to rotatory loads. This positioning results in a more oblique graft placement, avoiding problem related to PCL impingement during knee flexion. Further studies are required to understand if this kind of reconstruction can ameliorate proprioception as well as clinical outcome at a long-term follow-up. PMID:17511888

  14. Femoral offset following trochanteric femoral fractures: a prospective observational study.

    PubMed

    Buecking, Benjamin; Boese, Christoph Kolja; Seifert, Vinzenz; Ruchholtz, Steffen; Frink, Michael; Lechler, Philipp

    2015-10-01

    Reconstruction of the femoral offset reportedly improves outcome following total hip arthroplasty, but little is known of its influence following hip fractures. We aimed to establish the effect of the femoral offset on the medium-term functional outcome in elderly patients who had sustained trochanteric fractures requiring proximal femoral nailing. We measured the rotation corrected femoral offset (FORC) and relative femoral offset (FORL) on plain anteroposterior radiographs of the hip in 188 patients (58 male, 130 female) with a trochanteric fracture who underwent proximal femoral nailing at our institution. The primary outcome measure was the Harris hip score (HSS) 6 and 12 months postoperatively; the Barthel index was assessed as a secondary outcome. The mean FORC after surgery was 58 mm (±11 mm), while the mean FORL was 1.21 (±0.22). At final follow up, we found significant inverse relationships (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, ρ) between FORC and FORL and the functional outcome assessed by the HSS (FORC: ρ = -0.207, p = 0.036; FORL: ρ = -0.247, p = 0.012), and FORL and the Barthel index (FORC: ρ = -147, p = 0.129; FORL: ρ = -0.192, p = 0.046). A consistent trend was observed after adjustment for confounding variables. Our results underline the biomechanical importance of the femoral offset for medium-term outcomes in elderly patients with trochanteric fractures. In contrast with the published findings on total hip arthroplasty, we found an inverse correlation between functional outcome and the extent of the reconstructed femoral offset. Level I - Prognostic study. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. The quantitative evaluation of the impact of viable medial meniscus graft type on the biochemical and biomechanical properties of the rabbit tibial cartilage.

    PubMed

    Zwierzchowski, Tomasz J; Janus, Jolanta; Konecki, Włodzimierz; Kubiak, Grzegorz; Fabiś, Jarosław

    2015-11-12

    Knowledge of the impact of viable medial meniscus allograft and autograft transplantation on biochemical and mechanical properties of cartilage is needed to understand the development of joint osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this relationship 6 months after viable medial meniscal autograft and allograft transplantation. Twenty rabbits were chosen for the study. The medial menisci were excised from 14 animals and stored under tissue culture conditions for 2 weeks. Seven menisci were implanted as autografts (group A) and seven as allografts (group B). The control group consisted of six animals which underwent arthrotomy. The tibial cartilage was used for mechanical and biochemical evaluation. The respective decreases of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and elasticity were 13.4 and 14.8% for group A and 30.4 and 32.6% for group B. The differences between group A and B and between each group and the control were statistically significant. The total collagen content was significantly lower in group B. The type of viable meniscal graft has an influence on the biochemical composition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and biomechanical properties of the underlying tibial cartilage. A 1% decrease of glycosaminoglycan content is associated with a 1.1% decrease of cartilage elasticity. The average ratio of decrease of cartilage elasticity to that of the meniscus was 0.77 regardless of the type of meniscus graft. The viable allograft causes irreversible ECM disorder of the cartilage. Knowledge of the biochemical composition of the ECM meniscal grafts may serve as a predictor of their chondroprotective properties.

  16. Impact of Tele-nursing on adherence to treatment plan in discharged patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A quasi-experimental study in Iran.

    PubMed

    Bikmoradi, Ali; Masmouei, Behnam; Ghomeisi, Mohammad; Roshanaei, Ghodratollah

    2016-02-01

    Coronary artery bypass graft is a major surgery and has complications that require professional and long term follow-up and nursing care that if do not properly handled, could reduce the quality of life and increase post-operative complications. On the other hand Tele-nursing is a cost-effective way to educate and follow-up of patients. This study aimed to assess the impact of Tele-nursing on adherence to treatment plan in discharged patients after coronary artery bypass graft. A quasi-experimental study was carried out at Ekbatan Therapeutic and Educational Center of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences at Hamadan, Iran, in 2013. In this study, 71 patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery and had inclusion criteria were randomly divided into two experimental group (n=36), and control group (n=35). They completed questionnaire before discharging from Therapeutic and Educational Center. In the experimental group on days 2, 4, 7, second week (day 11), third week (day 18) and fourth week (day 25) after discharge, follow-up interventions and nursing education with Tele-nursing was done, but in the in the control groups, patients received only routine interventions. After completion of the intervention period, both groups completed the questionnaire and the results were compared. Adherence of treatment plan in both groups did not have significant difference before intervention (P=0.696), but had a significant difference with regard to baseline after intervention in aromatherapy group (P< 0.01) and with control group after intervention (P<0.01). Adherence to treatment plan in the aromatherapy group was better in compared to control group (P<0.01). Tele-nursing is a convenient way, cost effective training and follow-up care for patients after coronary artery bypass surgery, which can improve patients' adherence to treatment plan in developing countries such as Iran. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. The impact of discharge plan upon re-admission, satisfaction with nursing care and the ability to self-care for coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients.

    PubMed

    Negarandeh, Reza; Nayeri, Nahid Dehghan; Shirani, Farimah; Janani, Leila

    2012-12-01

    Grafting coronary arteries and post operative recovery has many challenges, which can be ameliorated through continues care and an appropriate discharge plan. Therefore, the current study was undertaken aiming to evaluate the impact of discharge plan on satisfaction with nursing care, ability to self-care, and incidence of re-admission. This is a quasi experimental study involving patients who were due to undergo coronary artery bypass graft in Chamran Hospital in 2010. In the intervention group, the discharge plan was initiated at the time of admission and continued for 2 weeks after discharge by home visit and telephone follow ups. Satisfaction with nursing care was assessed 2 days after discharge, whilst patients' ability for self-care was measured 6 weeks and 3 months post discharge and the incidence of re-admission was determined at the 3 months point. Satisfaction levels with nursing care and the ability to take self-care were higher in intervention group comparing with control group (p < 0.001). There was a significant difference for self-care ability between pre test and post test in both groups but the improvement was more pronounced for the intervention group (p = 0.04). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of re-admission incidence after 3 months (p = 0.15). The results indicate that the discharge plan, as a method of continual care plan, can lead to higher satisfaction levels and enhanced self-care abilities of patients. Such discharge plan can therefore be utilised as an effective method of continuous care for patients who are going to undergo coronary artery bypass graft.

  18. Impact of Normothermic Preservation with Extracellular Type Solution Containing Trehalose on Rat Kidney Grafting from a Cardiac Death Donor

    PubMed Central

    Iwai, Satomi; Kikuchi, Takeshi; Kasahara, Naoya; Teratani, Takumi; Yokoo, Takashi; Sakonju, Iwao; Okano, Shouzou; Kobayashi, Eiji

    2012-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to investigate factors that may improve the condition of a marginal kidney preserved with a normothermic solution following cardiac death (CD) in a model of rat kidney transplantation (RTx). Methods Post-euthanasia, Lewis (LEW) donor rats were left for 1 h in a 23°C room. These critical kidney grafts were preserved in University of Wisconsin (UW), lactate Ringer's (LR), or extracellular-trehalose-Kyoto (ETK) solution, followed by intracellular-trehalose-Kyoto (ITK) solution at 4, 23, or 37°C for another 1 h, and finally transplanted into bilaterally nephrectomized LEW recipient rats (n = 4–6). Grafts of rats surviving to day 14 after RTx were evaluated by histopathological examination. The energy activity of these marginal rat kidneys was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC; n = 4 per group) and fluorescence intensity assay (n = 6 per group) after preservation with UW or ETK solutions at each temperature. Finally, the transplanted kidney was assessed by an in vivo luciferase imaging system (n = 2). Results Using the 1-h normothermic preservation of post-CD kidneys, five out of six recipients in the ETK group survived until 14 days, in contrast to zero out of six in the UW group (p<0.01). Preservation with ITK rather than ETK at 23°C tended to have an inferior effect on recipient survival (p = 0.12). Energy activities of the fresh donor kidneys decreased in a temperature-dependent manner, while those of post-CD kidneys remained at the lower level. ETK was superior to UW in protecting against edema of the post-CD kidneys at the higher temperature. Luminescence intensity of successful grafts recovered within 1 h, while the intensity of grafts of deceased recipients did not change at 1 h post-reperfusion. Conclusions Normothermic storage with extracellular-type solution containing trehalose might prevent reperfusion injury due to temperature-dependent tissue edema. PMID:22457739

  19. Impact of iliac crest bone graft harvesting on fusion rates and postoperative pain during instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion

    PubMed Central

    Triantafyllopoulos, Dimitrios; Kosmopoulos, Victor; Stafylas, Kosmas

    2007-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the influence of bone harvesting on postoperative pain and fusion rates. Group 1 patients received iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) either alone or augmented with local bone. Group 2 received only local bone. No statistical significance was found in radiological union or in the Oswestry Disability Index scores. Visual Analogue Scale scores showed less pain in group 2. Logistic regression showed no correlation between residual pain and occurrence of fusion. Harvesting ICBG did not appear to increase fusion rates and no relation was found between radiological non-union and pain. PMID:17724591

  20. Revascularization for iliac-femoral artery pseudoaneurysm with greater saphenous vein.

    PubMed

    Wu, Ji-Dong; Zheng, Yue-Hong; Choi, Nim; Rui, Furtado

    2010-03-01

    To investigate the role of revascularization procedures with autologous greater saphenous vein in surgical management of iliac-femoral artery pseudoaneurysm in parenteral drug abusers. Twenty-one patients with iliac-femoral artery pseudoaneurysm caused by parenteral drug abuse from 2004 to 2007 were enrolled. Among them, 15 patients were male and 6 were female; their average age was 31.3 years. The size of pseudoaneurysms ranged from 3.0 cm to 7.5 cm. Common femoral artery and distal external iliac artery were often involved. We performed arterial reconstruction on these patients with autologous greater saphenous vein as a graft after excising iliac-femoral artery pseudoaneurysm through a single curved inguinal incision. All patients were followed up, and the complications were recorded. The surgical procedures were finished without intraoperative mortality or perioperative complications. All patients were free of claudication symptoms after the surgery except one case with preoperative popliteal artery stenosis. One case of infection and wound tissue fistula was found later. One case had inguinal incisional hematoma and another complained of numbness in thigh skin. The use of autologous greater saphenous venous grafts for arterial reconstruction after pseudoaneurysm excision in drug abusers is safe and effective. This technique offers more advantages than arterial ligation alone without revascularization. An optimal greater saphenous venous graft is a prerequisite for revascularization.

  1. Effectiveness of exchange nailing and augmentation plating for femoral shaft nonunion after nailing.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhen; Liu, Chunfeng; Liu, Chaoqun; Zhou, Qing; Liu, Jinlian

    2014-11-01

    We assessed indications and outcomes of exchange nailing and augmentation plating for femoral shaft nonunion following femoral nail failure. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 21 consecutive patients with femoral shaft nonunion treated with femoral nailing from August 2008 to June 2013. Nonunion cases with infection were excluded from this study. The study population consisted of nine men and 12 women, with an average age of 40 (range 21-61) years. All patients received internal fixation using exchange nailing and an augment plate coupled with decortication and bone graft. All patients in our study obtained osseous union with a mean time of six (range four to12) months. Mean operation time was three hours (range two to five hours), and mean blood loss was 800 ml (range 500-950 ml). There were no postoperative complications. At the last follow-up, all patients could flex their knees > 110°. Exchange nailing and augment plating coupled with decortication and bone graft is an effective treatment option for femoral shaft nonunion and has more indications and higher union rate than the popular exchange nailing treatment.

  2. Differential impact on acute kidney injury incidence between on- and off pump coronary artery bypass grafting in octogenarians.

    PubMed

    Spunda, Rudolf; Valek, Martin; Salmay, Myroslav; Prskavec, Tomas; Pecha, Ondrej; Lindner, Jaroslav; Spacek, Miroslav

    2015-09-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) following surgical myocardial revascularization is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of acute kidney injury in a population of very old patients following different surgical techniques. A retrospective study of 310 consecutive patients aged 78 to 93 years, mean 80.5±2.2, who underwent surgery at one cardiac surgery centre. Based on the surgical technique used the patients were divided into: Group I. CABG (n=134) - surgical myocardial revascularization using extracorporeal circulation and arterial and venous grafts. Group II. OPCABG (n=55) - surgical revascularization without extracorporeal circulation but using arterial and venous grafts. Group III. NOTOUCH (n=121) - no handling with the ascending aorta was performed at all. A statistically insignificant renoprotective trend was found in patients who underwent surgery without extracorporeal circulation regardless of technique. Comparing groups II and III vs. group I, a significantly poorer renal functioning (median difference in creatinine was 10.0 (32.9) vs 17.5 (35.0), P=0.05) was shown for patients in group I. Surgical myocardial revascularization without extracorporeal circulation in very old patients is safe. The results of this study show a renoprotective trend.

  3. Further insights into the impact of mouse follicle stage on graft outcome in an artificial ovary environment.

    PubMed

    Chiti, M C; Dolmans, M M; Lucci, C M; Paulini, F; Donnez, J; Amorim, C A

    2017-06-01

    Are mouse preantral follicles differently affected by isolation, encapsulation and/or grafting procedures according to stage? Isolated secondary follicles showed superior ability to survive and grow after transplantation, which was not related to a particular effect of the isolation and/or grafting procedure, but rather to their own ability to induce neoangiogenesis. Isolated and encapsulated mouse preantral follicles can survive (6-27%) and grow (80-100%) in a fibrin matrix with a low concentration of fibrinogen and thrombin (F12.5/T1) after short-term transplantation. An in vivo experimental model using 20 donor Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) mice (6-25 weeks of age) and 14 recipient severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice (11-39 weeks of age) was applied. Each NMRI mouse underwent mechanical disruption of both ovaries and isolation of primordial-primary and secondary follicles with ovarian stromal cells, in order to encapsulate them in an F12.5/T1 matrix. Twelve out of 40 fibrin clots were immediately fixed as controls (D0) (10 for histology and 2 for scanning electron microscopy [SEM]) and the others (n = 28) were grafted to the inner part of the peritoneum for 2 (16 fibrin clots) or 7 (12 fibrin clots) days (D2 and D7). This study involved the participation of the Gynecology Research Unit (Universitè Catholique de Louvain) and the Physiological Sciences Department (University of Brasília). Specific techniques were used to analyze the follicle recovery rate (hematoxylin-eosin staining), vascularization (CD34) and follicle ultrastructure (transmission electron microscopy [TEM] and SEM). After follicle isolation and encapsulation, a statistically higher percentage of normal follicles was observed in the secondary group (62%) than in the primordial-primary group (47%). Follicle recovery rates were 34% and 62% for primordial-primary and secondary follicles on D2, respectively, and 12% and 42% on D7, confirming that secondary follicles survive better

  4. Technical note: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the presence of an intramedullary femoral nail using anteromedial drilling.

    PubMed

    Lacey, Matthew; Lamplot, Joseph; Walley, Kempland C; DeAngelis, Joseph P; Ramappa, Arun J

    2017-05-18

    To describe an approach to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using autologous hamstring by drilling via the anteromedial portal in the presence of an intramedullary (IM) femoral nail. Once preoperative imagining has characterized the proposed location of the femoral tunnel preparations are made to remove all of the hardware (locking bolts and IM nail). A diagnostic arthroscopy is performed in the usual fashion addressing all intra-articular pathology. The ACL remnant and lateral wall soft tissues are removed from the intercondylar, to provide adequate visualization of the ACL footprint. Femoral tunnel placement is performed using a transportal ACL guide with desired offset and the knee flexed to 2.09 rad. The Beath pin is placed through the guide starting at the ACL's anatomic footprint using arthroscopic visualization and/or fluoroscopic guidance. If resistance is met while placing the Beath pin, the arthroscopy should be discontinued and the obstructing hardware should be removed under fluoroscopic guidance. When the Beath pin is successfully placed through the lateral femur, it is overdrilled with a 4.5 mm Endobutton drill. If the Endobutton drill is obstructed, the obstructing hardware should be removed under fluoroscopic guidance. In this case, the obstruction is more likely during Endobutton drilling due to its larger diameter and increased rigidity compared to the Beath pin. The femoral tunnel is then drilled using a best approximation of the graft's outer diameter. We recommend at least 7 mm diameter to minimize the risk of graft failure. Autologous hamstring grafts are generally between 6.8 and 8.6 mm in diameter. After reaming, the knee is flexed to 1.57 rad, the arthroscope placed through the anteromedial portal to confirm the femoral tunnel position, referencing the posterior wall and lateral cortex. For a quadrupled hamstring graft, the gracilis and semitendinosus tendons are then harvested in the standard fashion. The tendons are whip

  5. Impact of stent diameter on vascular response after self-expanding paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation in the superficial femoral artery.

    PubMed

    Miki, Kojiro; Fujii, Kenichi; Shibuya, Masahiko; Fukunaga, Masashi; Imanaka, Takahiro; Kawai, Kenji; Tamaru, Hiroto; Sumiyoshi, Akinori; Nishimura, Machiko; Horimatsu, Tetsuo; Saita, Ten; Yoshihara, Nagataka; Kimura, Takumi; Honda, Yasuhiro; Fitzgerald, Peter J; Masuyama, Tohru; Ishihara, Masaharu

    2017-10-01

    The optimal sizing of self-expanding paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in the treatment for superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions is unclear. This study sought to investigate the influence of PES diameter on stent patency in SFA lesions using optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI). A total of 20 de novo SFA lesions were randomized 1:1 to receive either self-expanding PES with a nominal diameter of 6mm or 8mm. Follow-up angiography and OFDI was scheduled six months after stent implantation, and volumetric OFDI analysis was performed to evaluate vascular response to the stents. Volume index (VI) was defined as the volume divided by the stent length. The primary end point was lumen VI at the 6-month follow-up. Secondary end point was minimum lumen diameter (MLD) by quantitative vascular angiography (QVA) at the follow-up. Stent length was 78.0±23.9mm in the 6-mm group and 70.0±23.6mm in the 8-mm group (p=0.46). Baseline QVA data were also similar between the two groups. MLD immediately after stent implantation was similar between the two groups (4.2±0.5mm in the 6-mm group and 3.9±0.5mm in the 8-mm group, p=NS). At the 6-month follow-up, MLD was greater in the 8-mm group compared to the 6-mm group (4.0±1.0mm vs. 3.2±0.4mm, p<0.05). Stent VI was larger in the 8-mm group (28.4±6.7mm(3)/mm vs. 22.2±1.2mm(3)/mm, p=0.01). Neointimal VI was similar between the two groups (5.8±2.9mm(3)/mm vs. 5.2±2.6mm(3)/mm, p=0.68). Lumen VI was greater in the 8-mm group (23.2±7.6mm(3)/mm vs. 17.3±2.6mm(3)/mm, p=0.04). Chronic stent enlargement resulted in greater lumen area after implantation of self-expanding PES with a large diameter at the mid-term follow-up. Stent diameter might be important for stent patency in procedure with PES for SFA lesions. Copyright © 2017 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. [Distal femoral periprosthetic fractures: classification and therapy].

    PubMed

    Tomás, T; Nachtnebl, L; Otiepka, P

    2010-06-01

    IId group solved with revision TKA. Miniosteosynthesis in three cases, with failure in two.One failure in IIa group treated with condylar plate, one in IIb group treated with intramedullary nail and additional hydroxyapatite plombage. Revision total knee arthroplasty in five cases with no failure. Extraction of TKA, external fixation, and arthrodesis in 1 case with no failure. The rules for treatment of distal femoral periprosthetic fractures are not definite yet. For fractures above TKA is recommended nail osteosynthesis; for fractures at the level of femoral component is preferable to use osteosynthetic material, condylar plate or LCP. Bone grafts, bone cement, and artificial bone are used to augment osteosynthesis in comminuted fractures. Fractures at the site of loosening are indicated for revision TKA. According to our results: Type I: Conservative treatment possible. Osteosynthesis with condylar plate is recommended. Type IIa: Indication for condylar plate osteosynthesis. Type IIb: The most problematic group. Osteosynthesis with condylar plate with augmentation or condylar plate placed from medial side. Type IIc: Plate osteosynthesis possible, intramedullary nail is recommended. Type IId: Osteosynthesis with augmentation is possible in some cases; revision TKA is recommended. Type III: Indication for revision TKA.

  7. Management of a Complicated Ruptured Infected Pseudoaneurysm of the Femoral Artery in a Drug Addict

    PubMed Central

    Psathas, Emmanouil; Lioudaki, Stella; Karantonis, Fotios-Filippos; Charalampoudis, Petros; Papadopoulos, Othon; Klonaris, Chris

    2012-01-01

    Infected pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery represents a devastating complication of intravenous drug abuse, especially in the event of rupture. Operative strategy depends upon the extent of arterial injury and the coexistence of infection or sepsis. Options range from simple common femoral artery (CFA) ligation to complex arterial reconstruction with autologous grafts (arterial, venous, or homografts). We report herein the management of a 29-year-old male patient who was urgently admitted with a ruptured pseudoaneurysm of the right CFA, extending well above the inguinal ligament. Multidisciplinary approach with multiple arterial reconstructions and subsequent coverage of the tissue defect with a rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap transposition was performed. PMID:23227421

  8. Treatment of Infected Pseudoaneurysm of Femoral Artery after Vascular Closure Device Deployment: A Practical Solution

    PubMed Central

    Matic, Predrag; Babic, Srdjan; Tanaskovic, Slobodan; Jocic, Dario; Radak, Djordje

    2012-01-01

    Like other invasive procedures, percutaneous coronary interventions are associated with complications. Most common access site for these procedures is common femoral artery. Complications such as groin and retroperitoneal hematoma can be encountered as well as pseudoaneurysms, arteriovenous fistulas, acute arterial occlusion, and infection. When infected pseudoaneurysm occurs, surgical treatment can be extremely difficult. We present a case of the patient in whom infected pseudoaneurysm of common femoral artery developed after percutaneous coronary intervention and was successfully treated by surgical excision and autoarterial graft insertion. PMID:23119221

  9. Vascular Access Grafts for Chemotherapy: Use in Forty Patients at M. D. Anderson Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Raaf, John H.

    1979-01-01

    Forty-two arteriovenous grafts were placed to provide vascular access in 40 patients with poor or sclerosed superficial veins. Thirty-nine patients had malignant disease and required chemotherapy, while one patient with aplastic anemia needed frequent transfusions. Thirty-two grafts were placed in the arm (27 straight and 5 loop), and ten in the leg (femoral-femoral loop). Thirty-seven shunts consisted of 6 mm polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), and five were 6 mm Dacron®. The straight brachial artery to axillary vein PTFE graft was preferred, while the PTFE femoral loop graft was a satisfactory alternative. The loop arm graft was associated with a high complication rate and is no longer used. Local anesthesia was employed in all cases except for a 3-year-old child. There was no operative mortality and no severe morbidity, despite subsequent myelosuppression by chemotherapeutic agents injected via these grafts. Thirty patients are alive, while ten died of their malignancy. Twenty-six grafts are functional and have been in place an average 4.4 months (range: 1 to 14 mo.). Acceptance by patients and particularly by personnel in the out-patient chemotherapy unit has been enthusiastic. Vascular access grafts can be inserted safely and provide a convenient route for drawing blood samples, and for administering chemotherapy and intermittent intravenous therapy in selected patients with neoplastic disease. ImagesFig. 4. PMID:507972

  10. The IMPACT-CABG trial: A multicenter, randomized clinical trial of CD133(+) stem cell therapy during coronary artery bypass grafting for ischemic cardiomyopathy.

    PubMed

    Noiseux, Nicolas; Mansour, Samer; Weisel, Richard; Stevens, Louis-Mathieu; Der Sarkissian, Shant; Tsang, Katherine; Crean, Andrew M; Larose, Eric; Li, Shu-Hong; Wintersperger, Bernd; Vu, Minh Quan; Prieto, Ignacio; Li, Ren-Ke; Roy, Denis Claude; Yau, Terrence M

    2016-12-01

    The IMPACT-CABG trial is the first North American multicenter phase II randomized study of intramyocardial delivery of autologous CD133(+) stem cells in patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The primary objective was to demonstrate safety, including freedom from major adverse cardiac events. The secondary objective was to evaluate feasibility of same-day autologous cell preparation. Although the trial was not powered to evaluate LV function, exploratory data were collected. After 7 open-label patients who received cells, patients randomly received stem cells or placebo (N = 40 total, 20 per center). After completion of coronary anastomoses, up to 10 million CD133(+), CD34(+), CD45(+) triple-positive cells or placebo were injected into the infarct and border zones. Patients were followed up clinically and underwent magnetic resonance imaging preoperatively and after 6 months. There were no procedural complications from bone marrow isolation and cell injection, no in-hospital mortality, and no protocol-related complications. Four patients had transient renal insufficiency, with 1 death during 6-month follow-up. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that left ventricular volumes and ejection fractions improved in all patients (no difference between groups). The trial successfully met both primary and secondary objectives, demonstrating that same-day isolation and autologous CD133(+) cell delivery with coronary artery bypass grafting is safe and feasible. The positive findings support a larger randomized, multicenter trial, with higher numbers of transplanted cells to demonstrate beneficial effects. The upcoming IMPACT-CABG II trial will evaluate higher cell doses and pharmacologic enhancement to determine whether these cells improve perfusion and myocardial function. Copyright © 2016 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Radiographic measurement of the posterior femoral offset is not precise.

    PubMed

    Jenny, Jean-Yves; Honecker, Sophie; Chammai, Yves

    2017-08-01

    The posterior femoral offset may significantly impact the final flexion range after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of the present study was to compare a conventional, radiologic-based technique with an intra-operative, surgical navigation-based technique for the measurement of posterior femoral offset. The tested hypothesis was that the two measurement techniques produce different results both before and after TKA. One-hundred consecutive cases referred for end-stage knee osteoarthritis have been studied. Posterior femoral offsets, measured pre- and post-TKA from radiographs, as well as those measured from a navigation system intra-operatively, were analysed. The pre-TKA measured offsets, post-TKA measured offsets and the changes (pre- vs. post-TKA) in the offsets were statistically compared between the radiologic and the navigated measurement techniques at a 0.05 level of significance. The mean paired difference between pre-TKA radiologic and navigated measurement was 4 ± 4 mm (p < 0.001). There was a significant and moderate positive correlation with a good coherence between the two measurements. The mean paired difference between post-TKA radiologic and navigated measurement was 6 ± 5 mm (p < 0.001). There was a significant and moderate positive correlation but a poor coherence between the two measurements. The conventional radiologic technique for the measurement of the posterior femoral offset cannot be reliably used either for pre-TKA planning of the posterior femoral resection and antero-posterior sizing of the femoral component, or for post-TKA quality control of the reconstruction of the posterior femoral offset. Level IV.

  12. Proximal Tibial Bone Graft

    MedlinePlus

    ... All Site Content AOFAS / FootCareMD / Treatments Proximal Tibial Bone Graft Page Content What is a bone graft? Bone grafts may be needed for various ... the proximal tibia. What is a proximal tibial bone graft? Proximal tibial bone graft (PTBG) is a ...

  13. Using simulation for teaching femoral arterial access: A multicentric collaboration.

    PubMed

    Gurm, Hitinder S; Sanz-Guerrero, Jorge; Johnson, Daniel D; Jensen, Andrea; Seth, Milan; Chetcuti, Stanley J; Lalonde, Thomas; Greenbaum, Adam; Dixon, Simon R; Shih, Albert

    2016-02-15

    To assess the impact of simulation training on complications associated with femoral arterial access obtained by first year cardiology fellows. Prior studies demonstrate a higher incidence of arterial access related complications among patients undergoing invasive cardiac procedures. First year cardiology fellows at four teaching hospitals in Michigan tracked their femoral access experience and any associated complications between July 2011 and June 2013. Fellows starting their academic training in July 2012 were first trained on a specially developed simulator before starting their rotation in the catheterization laboratory. The primary outcome was access proficiency, defined as five successful femoral access attempts without any complication or need to seek help from a more experienced team member. A total of 1,278 femoral access attempts were made by 21 fellows in 2011-2012 compared with 869 femoral access attempts made by 21 fellows in 2012-2013. There was a lower rate of access related complications in patients undergoing access attempts by first year fellows in year 2 compared with year 1 (2.1% versus 4.5%, P = 0.003). The number of procedures to achieve procedural proficiency was significantly higher in year 1 compared with year 2 (median 20 versus 10, P = 0.007). Incorporation of simulation in the training of first year fellows was associated with an improvement in proficiency and a clinically meaningful reduction in vascular complications. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Pediatric anterior cruciate ligament femoral fixation: the trans-iliotibial band endoscopic portal for direct visualization of ideal button placement.

    PubMed

    Mistovich, R Justin; O'Toole, Patrick O J; Ganley, Theodore J

    2014-06-01

    Pediatric and adolescent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a commonly performed procedure that has been increasing in incidence. Multiple techniques for graft fixation have been described. Button-based femoral cortical suspension fixation of the anterior cruciate ligament graft allows for fast, secure fixation with strong load-to-failure biomechanical properties. The biomechanical properties of button-based femoral cortical suspension fixation are especially beneficial with soft-tissue grafts such as hamstring autografts. Confirmation of a successfully flipped button can be achieved with intraoperative fluoroscopy or indirect viewing; however, these techniques do not provide direct visualization of the flipped button. Our trans-iliotibial band endoscopic portal allows the surgeon to safely and directly visualize the flipped button on the lateral femoral cortex and ensure that there is no malpositioning in the form of an incompletely flipped button or from soft-tissue interposition between the button and the lateral femoral cortex. This portal therefore allows for direct visual confirmation that the button is fully flipped and resting flush against the femoral cortex, deep to the iliotibial band and vastus lateralis.

  15. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    MedlinePlus

    ... from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting? Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is ... bypass multiple coronary arteries during one surgery. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Figure A shows the location of ...

  16. A Technical Note for Extracting an Incarcerated Femoral Kuntscher Nail

    PubMed Central

    Marí, R; Vilamala, D Valverde; García, A León; Guirro, P; López, F Marqués

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The use of the Kuntscher nail has been the most important advancement in trauma surgery. One of the problems is the difficulty to remove it. A new extraction technique is described in the present case report. Case Report: A 46-year-old man was referred for hip osteoarthritis. He had an acetabulum fracture and a femoral shaft fracture treated 30 years ago with a reamed Kuntscher femoral nail. Lateral hip approach was performed and after attempting to remove the nail with the specific tools being unsuccessful we decided to be more aggressive. Firstly, we performed a simple unicortical osteotomy on the lateral side from the proximal part to below the callus in order to decompress the femoral canal without success. Secondly, a trench in the greater trochanter around the proximal hole was performed to hit the nail from below which was still insufficient and furthermore, the hole broke when hitting the nail so we needed to drill a new hole distally. Finally, the Kuntscher nail was removed. Several cerclages closed the osteotomy and a bone graft was used to close the trench. The patient had a good evolution at one year of follow-up. Conclusion: With this case report, we present a new salvage technique to remove an incarcerated Kuntscher nail when all the described methods have failed. PMID:28116256

  17. Modified Transtrochanteric Rotational Osteotomy for Femoral Head Osteonecrosis

    PubMed Central

    Abbas, Azlina Amir; Hur, Chang Ich; Cho, Sang Gwon; Lee, Jin Ho

    2008-01-01

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a disabling condition affecting young patients and treatment of the disease in these patients is variable. We retrospectively reviewed 39 patients (43 hips) in whom a modified transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy was performed for osteonecrosis. The minimum followup was 24 months (mean, 36.6 months; range, 24–52 months). The mean patient age was 34.3 years (range, 20–51 years). Based on the ARCO classification, 17 hips were classified as Stage II and 26 as Stage III. We performed rotational osteotomy alone in 15 cases, in combination with simple bone grafting in three, and in combination with muscle-pedicle-bone grafting in 25. Sixteen of 17 ARCO Stage II cases and 24 of 26 ARCO Stage III cases had no progression of collapse or lesion size; three hips progressively collapsed. Of the 40 hips without progression the Harris hip score improved from a mean 70 to 92 points at final followup, as did the range of motion of the hip. Modified transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy is an effective method for delaying the progression of collapse in the treatment of selected cases of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:18350346

  18. An in Vivo 3D Computed Tomographic Analysis of Femoral Tunnel Geometry and Aperture Morphology Between Rigid and Flexible Systems in Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using the Transportal Technique.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jae Gyoon; Chang, Min Ho; Lim, Hong Chul; Bae, Ji Hoon; Lee, Seung Yup; Ahn, Jin Hwan; Wang, Joon Ho

    2015-07-01

    The aim of this study was to compare femoral tunnel length, femoral graft-bending angle, posterior wall breakage, and femoral aperture morphologic characteristics between rigid and flexible systems after double-bundle (DB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using the transportal (TP) technique. We evaluated 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) results for 54 patients who underwent DB ACL reconstruction using the TP technique with either a flexible system (n = 27) or a rigid system (n = 27). The femoral tunnel length, femoral graft-bending angle, posterior wall breakage, femoral tunnel aperture height to width (H:W) ratio, aperture axis angle, and femoral tunnel position were assessed using OsiriX Imaging Software and Geomagic Qualify 2012 (Geomagic, Cary, NC). The mean anteromedial (AM) femoral tunnel length of the flexible group was significantly longer than that of the rigid group (P = .009). The mean femoral graft-bending angles in the flexible group were significantly less acute than those in the rigid group (AM, P < .001; posterolateral [PL], P = .003]. Posterior wall breakage was observed in both groups (P = 1.00). The mean H:W ratios in the rigid group were significantly larger (more elliptical) than those of the flexible group (AM, P < .001; PL, P = .006). The mean aperture axis angle of the PL femoral tunnel in the rigid group was more parallel to the femoral shaft axis than that in the flexible group (P < .001). There were no significant differences in femoral tunnel position between the 2 groups. The AM femoral tunnel length and the AM/PL femoral graft-bending angle of the flexible system were significantly longer and less acute than those of the rigid system. However, the aperture morphologic characteristics of the AM/PL femoral tunnel and the aperture axis angle of the PL femoral tunnel in the rigid system were significantly more elliptical and closer to parallel to the femoral shaft axis than those of the flexible system. Level

  19. Technical note: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the presence of an intramedullary femoral nail using anteromedial drilling

    PubMed Central

    Lacey, Matthew; Lamplot, Joseph; Walley, Kempland C; DeAngelis, Joseph P; Ramappa, Arun J

    2017-01-01

    AIM To describe an approach to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using autologous hamstring by drilling via the anteromedial portal in the presence of an intramedullary (IM) femoral nail. METHODS Once preoperative imagining has characterized the proposed location of the femoral tunnel preparations are made to remove all of the hardware (locking bolts and IM nail). A diagnostic arthroscopy is performed in the usual fashion addressing all intra-articular pathology. The ACL remnant and lateral wall soft tissues are removed from the intercondylar, to provide adequate visualization of the ACL footprint. Femoral tunnel placement is performed using a transportal ACL guide with desired offset and the knee flexed to 2.09 rad. The Beath pin is placed through the guide starting at the ACL’s anatomic footprint using arthroscopic visualization and/or fluoroscopic guidance. If resistance is met while placing the Beath pin, the arthroscopy should be discontinued and the obstructing hardware should be removed under fluoroscopic guidance. When the Beath pin is successfully placed through the lateral femur, it is overdrilled with a 4.5 mm Endobutton drill. If the Endobutton drill is obstructed, the obstructing hardware should be removed under fluoroscopic guidance. In this case, the obstruction is more likely during Endobutton drilling due to its larger diameter and increased rigidity compared to the Beath pin. The femoral tunnel is then drilled using a best approximation of the graft’s outer diameter. We recommend at least 7 mm diameter to minimize the risk of graft failure. Autologous hamstring grafts are generally between 6.8 and 8.6 mm in diameter. After reaming, the knee is flexed to 1.57 rad, the arthroscope placed through the anteromedial portal to confirm the femoral tunnel position, referencing the posterior wall and lateral cortex. For a quadrupled hamstring graft, the gracilis and semitendinosus tendons are then harvested in the standard fashion. The

  20. Noninvasive Assessment of an Engineered Bioactive Graft in Myocardial Infarction: Impact on Cardiac Function and Scar Healing

    PubMed Central

    Bragós, Ramon; Soler‐Botija, Carolina; Díaz‐Güemes, Idoia; Prat‐Vidal, Cristina; Crisóstomo, Verónica; Sánchez‐Margallo, Francisco M.; Llucià‐Valldeperas, Aida; Bogónez‐Franco, Paco; Perea‐Gil, Isaac; Roura, Santiago; Bayes‐Genis, Antoni

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Cardiac tissue engineering, which combines cells and biomaterials, is promising for limiting the sequelae of myocardial infarction (MI). We assessed myocardial function and scar evolution after implanting an engineered bioactive impedance graft (EBIG) in a swine MI model. The EBIG comprises a scaffold of decellularized human pericardium, green fluorescent protein‐labeled porcine adipose tissue‐derived progenitor cells (pATPCs), and a customized‐design electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) monitoring system. Cardiac function was evaluated noninvasively by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Scar healing was evaluated by using the EIS system within the implanted graft. Additionally, infarct size, fibrosis, and inflammation were explored by histopathology. Upon sacrifice 1 month after the intervention, MRI detected a significant improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (7.5% ± 4.9% vs. 1.4% ± 3.7%; p = .038) and stroke volume (11.5 ± 5.9 ml vs. 3 ± 4.5 ml; p = .019) in EBIG‐treated animals. Noninvasive EIS data analysis showed differences in both impedance magnitude ratio (−0.02 ± 0.04 per day vs. −0.48 ± 0.07 per day; p = .002) and phase angle slope (−0.18° ± 0.24° per day vs. −3.52° ± 0.84° per day; p = .004) in EBIG compared with control animals. Moreover, in EBIG‐treated animals, the infarct size was 48% smaller (3.4% ± 0.6% vs. 6.5% ± 1%; p = .015), less inflammation was found by means of CD25+ lymphocytes (0.65 ± 0.12 vs. 1.26 ± 0.2; p = .006), and a lower collagen I/III ratio was detected (0.49 ± 0.06 vs. 1.66 ± 0.5; p = .019). An EBIG composed of acellular pericardium refilled with pATPCs significantly reduced infarct size and improved cardiac function in a preclinical model of MI. Noninvasive EIS monitoring was useful for tracking differential scar healing in EBIG‐treated animals, which was confirmed by less inflammation and altered collagen deposit. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2017;6:647

  1. Endovascular Management of Delayed Complete Graft Thrombosis After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Thurley, Peter D.; Glasby, Michael J.; Pollock, John G.; Bungay, Peter; Nunzio, Mario De; El-Tahir, Amin M.; Quarmby, John W.

    2010-08-15

    Graft thrombosis rates after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms vary widely in published series. When thrombosis does occur, it usually involves a single limb and occurs within 3 months of stent-graft insertion. If the entire endoprosthesis is thrombosed, treatment may be challenging because femoro-femoral crossover graft insertion is not an option and a greater volume of thrombus is present, thus making thrombolysis more difficult. We present two cases of delayed thrombosis after EVAR involving the entire stent-graft. These were successfully treated by a combined surgical and endovascular technique, and patency has been maintained in both cases to date.

  2. Femoral Head and Neck Excision.

    PubMed

    Harper, Tisha A M

    2017-07-01

    Femoral head and neck excision is a surgical procedure that is commonly performed in small animal patients. It is a salvage procedure that is done to relieve pain in the coxofemoral joint and restore acceptable function of the limb. Femoral head and neck excision is most commonly used to treat severe osteoarthritis in the coxofemoral joint and can be done in dogs and cats of any size or age. The procedure should not be overused and ideally should not be done when the integrity of the coxofemoral joint can be restored. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Femoral tunnel enlargement after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using RigidFix compared with extracortical fixation.

    PubMed

    Lopes, Osmar Valadao; de Freitas Spinelli, Leandro; Leite, Luiz Henrique Cunha; Buzzeto, Bruce Quatrin; Saggin, Paulo Renato Fernades; Kuhn, André

    2017-05-01

    The aim of this study was to compare femoral tunnel enlargement after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery using hamstring autograft tendons fixed by bioabsorbable femoral trans-tunnel pins with that in patients in which the graft was fixed with extracortical fixation. Forty-three patients were randomly selected from our database and included in the study. Femoral tunnel diameter was measured by computed tomography in 20 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction via anteromedial portal technique using autologous quadruple hamstrings, fixed with two bioabsorbable trans-tunnel pins, RigidFix, on the femoral side and compared with 23 patients in whom extracortical fixation, EndoButton CL, was used. The diameter of the femoral tunnel was measured at a distance of 5 mm from the tunnel entrance and at the largest diameter along the tunnel axis. Data were compared with the diameter of the drill used during surgery. Clinical evaluation was performed using the Lysholm score, IKDC subjective score and anterior knee laxity measurements. Femoral tunnel enlargement 5 mm from the entrance and at the largest diameter was greater in the RigidFix group than the EndoButton group. There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding age, gender, post-operative Lysholm score, IKDC subjective score or knee laxity measurements. The present study showed greater enlargement of the femoral bone tunnel when a bioabsorbable trans-tunnel pin system was used with the medial portal technique when compared to extracortical fixation. These findings confirm that femoral tunnel widening should be considered when RigidFix was used in ACL reconstruction by anteromedial portal technique. III.

  4. Agreement between radial and femoral arterial blood pressure measurements during orthotopic liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Lee, Matthew; Weinberg, Laurence; Pearce, Brett; Scurrah, Nicholas; Story, David A; Pillai, Param; McCall, Peter R; McNicol, Larry P; Peyton, Philip J

    2015-06-01

    To study agreement between radial and femoral arterial pressure measurements in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx) surgery to determine whether arterial cannulation sites are interchangeable. Prospective observational study of 25 patients undergoing OLTx surgery. Radial and femoral arteries were cannulated with standardised arterial line kits. Radial and femoral mean arterial pressure (MAP), systolic arterial pressure (SAP), diastolic arterial pressure (DAP) and pulse pressure (PP) were measured at four time points (30 minutes after induction of anaesthesia, 30 minutes after the start of the anhepatic phase, 30 minutes after liver graft reperfusion and 30 minutes after the start of bile duct anastomosis). The bias, precision and limits of agreement between radial and femoral arterial pressures were calculated in accordance with Bland-Altman statistics. Radial-femoral differences in MAP (mean difference, 4.8 mmHg [SD, 4.5 mmHg]), limits of agreement (- 13.6 and 8.8, P < 0.001) and DAP showed clinically acceptable agreement between measurement sites across all time points. However, clinically significant differences between radial and femoral SAPs (mean difference, - 14.9 mmHg [SD, 24.8 mmHg]) and limits of agreement (- 63.5 and 33.7, P < 0.001) occurred overall. This difference started after portal vein clamping and remained significant throughout the remainder of the operation. Radial artery SAP underestimates femoral artery measurements significantly but unpredictably. As femoral measurement is more likely to reflect central arterial pressure, radial SAP measurement is not reliable in adults undergoing OLTx.

  5. ACL Roof Impingement Revisited: Does the Independent Femoral Drilling Technique Avoid Roof Impingement With Anteriorly Placed Tibial Tunnels?

    PubMed

    Tanksley, John A; Werner, Brian C; Conte, Evan J; Lustenberger, David P; Burrus, M Tyrrell; Brockmeier, Stephen F; Gwathmey, F Winston; Miller, Mark D

    2017-05-01

    Anatomic femoral tunnel placement for single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is now well accepted. The ideal location for the tibial tunnel has not been studied extensively, although some biomechanical and clinical studies suggest that placement of the tibial tunnel in the anterior part of the ACL tibial attachment site may be desirable. However, the concern for intercondylar roof impingement has tempered enthusiasm for anterior tibial tunnel placement. To compare the potential for intercondylar roof impingement of ACL grafts with anteriorly positioned tibial tunnels after either transtibial (TT) or independent femoral (IF) tunnel drilling. Controlled laboratory study. Twelve fresh-frozen cadaver knees were randomized to either a TT or IF drilling technique. Tibial guide pins were drilled in the anterior third of the native ACL tibial attachment site after debridement. All efforts were made to drill the femoral tunnel anatomically in the center of the attachment site, and the surrogate ACL graft was visualized using 3-dimensional computed tomography. Reformatting was used to evaluate for roof impingement. Tunnel dimensions, knee flexion angles, and intra-articular sagittal graft angles were also measured. The Impingement Review Index (IRI) was used to evaluate for graft impingement. Two grafts (2/6, 33.3%) in the TT group impinged upon the intercondylar roof and demonstrated angular deformity (IRI type 1). No grafts in the IF group impinged, although 2 of 6 (66.7%) IF grafts touched the roof without deformation (IRI type 2). The presence or absence of impingement was not statistically significant. The mean sagittal tibial tunnel guide pin position prior to drilling was 27.6% of the sagittal diameter of the tibia (range, 22%-33.9%). However, computed tomography performed postdrilling detected substantial posterior enlargement in 2 TT specimens. A significant difference in the sagittal graft angle was noted between the 2 groups. TT grafts were

  6. Open stent grafting for complex diseases of the thoracic aorta: clinical utility.

    PubMed

    Uchida, Naomichi

    2013-03-01

    Open stent grafting is an alternative treatment for extensive thoracic aortic replacement. However, this procedure is associated with a high incidence of spinal cord injury, which has limited its application. Multiple factors have been suggested to explain the risk of spinal cord injury, including deep delivery of the stent graft, history of operation of the downstream aorta, and postoperative low blood pressure. Cerebrospinal fluid drainage or a hybrid operation in combination with trans-femoral thoracic stent grafting is useful for preventing spinal cord injury. Open stent grafting remains an alternative treatment for atherosclerotic aneurysms with dilatation of the ascending aorta. Open stent grafting for acute aortic dissection is effective for remodeling of the false lumen. The graft diameter for aortic dissection should be 90 % of the total diameter of the aorta, and the distal landing zone should be limited to the T7 vertebral level to prevent new intimal tears or spinal cord injury. Open stent grafting seems a feasible bailout strategy for the treatment of retrograde aortic dissection after TEVAR for type B aortic dissection. Newly designed devices for open stent grafts include the Matsui-Kitamura stent graft or branched open stent graft, which is produced in Japan. The effectiveness of open stent grafting in the treatment of Marfan syndrome remains unclear. A commercially available device for open stent grafting would be desired in Japan. In conclusion, an open stent graft remains an alternative treatment for complex thoracic aortic pathologies.

  7. Aortoiliac Artery Reconstruction Using Bilateral Reversed Superficial Femoral Veins for an Infected Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Hirai, Hanako; Yasuhara, Kiyomitsu; Hatori, Kyohei; Miki, Takao; Obayashi, Tamiyuki

    2016-01-01

    Surgical treatment of an infected abdominal aortic aneurysm (IAAA) is difficult and the ideal graft material is a subject of debate. A 60-year-old man with untreated diabetes mellitus was referred to our hospital presenting with fever and left lower abdominal pain. The patient was diagnosed with an IAAA by blood culture and computed tomography. We treated the patient surgically for the IAAA using bilateral reversed superficial femoral veins which were shaped into a bifurcated graft. No signs of recurrent infection or aneurysmal dilation were observed for 3 years after the procedure. PMID:27087879

  8. Aortoiliac Artery Reconstruction Using Bilateral Reversed Superficial Femoral Veins for an Infected Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Ohki, Satoshi; Hirai, Hanako; Yasuhara, Kiyomitsu; Hatori, Kyohei; Miki, Takao; Obayashi, Tamiyuki

    2016-01-01

    Surgical treatment of an infected abdominal aortic aneurysm (IAAA) is difficult and the ideal graft material is a subject of debate. A 60-year-old man with untreated diabetes mellitus was referred to our hospital presenting with fever and left lower abdominal pain. The patient was diagnosed with an IAAA by blood culture and computed tomography. We treated the patient surgically for the IAAA using bilateral reversed superficial femoral veins which were shaped into a bifurcated graft. No signs of recurrent infection or aneurysmal dilation were observed for 3 years after the procedure.

  9. Distal Femoral Arteriovenous Fistula with Iliac Vein Thrombosis after Blunt Trauma

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Duk Sil; Kim, Sung Wan; Lee, Hyun Seok; Byun, Kyung Hwan; Choe, Michael SungPil

    2017-01-01

    A 39-year-old woman arrived at our emergency department, complaining of severe pain and swelling of her left leg. She had slipped down stairs and injured on her left leg about 3 months ago. Computed tomography angiography showed left distal superficial femoral artery’s pseudoaneurysm with arteriovenous fistula and thrombotic occlusion of left common iliac vein. We decided to do endovascular intervention due to severe venous hypertension and chronic inflammation around the fistula. The femoral arteriovenous fistula was closed via stent-graft (7 mm×5, 9 mm×5 cm) deployment. The occluded left iliac vein was reopened by nitinol metal stenting (12 mm×4 cm, 14 mm×4 cm). The authors report a very rare case of femoral arteriovenous fistula combined with iliac vein thrombosis developed after a blunt trauma. PMID:28377911

  10. [Paralysis of the femoral nerve complicating ilio-psoas hemorrhage after iliac bone transplantation (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Mestdagh, H

    1982-03-11

    The author reported an unusual complication of iliac bone transplantation for grafting of a tibial pseudarthrosis. In a patient having anticoagulant therapy, a large iliac haematoma developed in the donor site and extended deep to the iliacus muscle and through the osteomuscular gap into the retroperitoneal space. Moreover it spread downwards and entrapped the femoral nerve as it lies behind the iliac fascia, above the inguinal ligament. Both a paralytic ileus and a femoral nerve injury commanded surgical exploration through an oblique iliac approach; emptying of the clotted haematoma, section of the inguinal ligament and liberation of the femoral nerve enable to avoid definitive sequelae to the quadriceps but the time required is varying: three years after the accident, recovery is not complete in the operated patient probably owing to delayed surgery (three weeks).

  11. Distal Femoral Arteriovenous Fistula with Iliac Vein Thrombosis after Blunt Trauma.

    PubMed

    Kim, Duk Sil; Kim, Sung Wan; Lee, Hyun Seok; Byun, Kyung Hwan; Choe, Michael SungPil

    2017-03-01

    A 39-year-old woman arrived at our emergency department, complaining of severe pain and swelling of her left leg. She had slipped down stairs and injured on her left leg about 3 months ago. Computed tomography angiography showed left distal superficial femoral artery's pseudoaneurysm with arteriovenous fistula and thrombotic occlusion of left common iliac vein. We decided to do endovascular intervention due to severe venous hypertension and chronic inflammation around the fistula. The femoral arteriovenous fistula was closed via stent-graft (7 mm×5, 9 mm×5 cm) deployment. The occluded left iliac vein was reopened by nitinol metal stenting (12 mm×4 cm, 14 mm×4 cm). The authors report a very rare case of femoral arteriovenous fistula combined with iliac vein thrombosis developed after a blunt trauma.

  12. [Percutaneous treatment of a superficial femoral artery aneurysm using an intravascular stent-prosthesis].

    PubMed

    Michel, C; Laffy, P Y; Leblanc, G; Riou, J Y; Chaloum, S; Maklouf, M; Le Guen, O

    1999-05-01

    One case of superficial femoral aneurysm treated percutaneously by endovascular stent graft (Passager Boston) is reported. The initial radiographic evaluation included arteriography and color doppler sonography which enable analysis of the flow path, the extent of the wall thrombus, the choice of stended graft size. The procedure of implantation was technically trouble free. The post-procedure 3D CT and arteriography demonstrated occlusion of the aneurysm and resaturation of normal flow path. The six and twelve month check confirmed the stability of the results locally and the integrity of run off vessels. In weakened and specially elderly patient percutaneous treatment of superficial femoral artery aneurysm can be carried out easily. The contribution of 3D CT is essential in follow up to ensure an optimal result and to detect any complication.

  13. Femoral head cartilage disarticulation disorder

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Femoral head cartilage disarticulation disorder and necrosis is a major skeletal problem in broiler breeders since they are maintained for a long time in the farm. The etiology of this disease is not well understood. A field study was conducted to understand the basis of this metabolic disease. Six ...

  14. Cardiac resynchronization therapy: Femoral approach.

    PubMed

    Brandão, Luís; Miranda, Rita; Almeida, Sofia; Ribeiro, Luciano; Alvarenga, Carlos; João, Isabel; Pereira, Hélder

    2017-04-01

    We describe the case of a 62-year-old female patient with bilateral subclavian vein occlusion, in whom a cardiac resynchronization system was implanted via a femoral vein. Copyright © 2017 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  15. Impact of preformed donor-specific antibodies against HLA class I on kidney graft outcomes: Comparative analysis of exclusively anti-Cw vs anti-A and/or -B antibodies

    PubMed Central

    Santos, Sofia; Malheiro, Jorge; Tafulo, Sandra; Dias, Leonídio; Carmo, Rute; Sampaio, Susana; Costa, Marta; Campos, Andreia; Pedroso, Sofia; Almeida, Manuela; Martins, La Salete; Henriques, Castro; Cabrita, António

    2016-01-01

    AIM To analyze the clinical impact of preformed antiHLA-Cw vs antiHLA-A and/or -B donor-specific antibodies (DSA) in kidney transplantation. METHODS Retrospective study, comparing 12 patients transplanted with DSA exclusively antiHLA-Cw with 23 patients with preformed DSA antiHLA-A and/or B. RESULTS One year after transplantation there were no differences in terms of acute rejection between the two groups (3 and 6 cases, respectively in the DSA-Cw and the DSA-A-B groups; P = 1). At one year, eGFR was not significantly different between groups (median 59 mL/min in DSA-Cw group, compared to median 51 mL/min in DSA-A-B group, P = 0.192). Moreover, kidney graft survival was similar between groups at 5-years (100% in DSA-Cw group vs 91% in DSA-A-B group, P = 0.528). The sole independent predictor of antibody mediated rejection (AMR) incidence was DSA strength (HR = 1.07 per 1000 increase in MFI, P = 0.034). AMR was associated with shortened graft survival at 5-years, with 75% and 100% grafts surviving in patients with or without AMR, respectively (Log-rank P = 0.005). CONCLUSION Our data indicate that DSA-Cw are associated with an identical risk of AMR and impact on graft function in comparison with “classical” class I DSA. PMID:28058219

  16. Using tunneled femoral vein catheters for "urgent start" dialysis patients: a preliminary report.

    PubMed

    Hingwala, Jay; Bhola, Cynthia; Lok, Charmaine E

    2014-01-01

    Multiple benefits of arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) and arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) exist over catheters. As part of a strategy to preserve thoracic venous sites and reduce internal jugular (IJ) vein catheter use, we inserted tunneled femoral vein catheters in incident "urgent start" dialysis patients while facilitating a more appropriate definitive dialysis access. "Urgent start" dialysis patients between January 15, 2013 and January 15, 2014 who required chronic dialysis, and did not have prior modality and vascular access plans, had tunneled femoral vein catheters inserted. We determined the femoral vein catheter associated infections rates, thrombosis, and subsequent dialysis access. Eligible patients were surveyed on their femoral vein catheter experience. Twenty-two femoral vein catheters were inserted without complications. Subsequently, one catheter required intraluminal thrombolytic locking, while all other catheters maintained blood flow greater than 300 ml/min. There were no catheter-related infections (exit site infection or bacteremia). Six patients continued to use their tunneled catheter at report end, one transitioned to peritoneal dialysis, thirteen to an arteriovenous graft, and two to a fistula. One patient received a tunneled IJ vein catheter. Of the patients who completed the vascular access survey, all indicated satisfaction with their access and that they had minimal complaints of bruising, bleeding, or swelling at their access sites. Pain/discomfort at the exit site was the primary complaint, but they did not find it interfered with activities of daily living. Femoral vein tunneled catheters appear to be a safe, well tolerated, and effective temporary access in urgent start dialysis patients while they await more appropriate long-term access.

  17. Evaluation of Femoral Head Necrosis Using a Volumetric Method Based on MRI

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-10-25

    hip hemi - arthroplasty . The specimens were trimmed and rounded-up with wax, to take the shape of a sphere. In order to simulate the affected...106 hips with osteonecrosis before treatment with vascularized fibular grafting. The hips were evaluated using the volumetric method. The follow up...Osteonecrosis, MRI, Volumetric Feature Extraction, Automated Diagnosis I.INTRODUCTION Femoral head osteonecrosis is responsible for a large number of hip

  18. Infrascrotal, perineal, femorofemoral bypass for arterial graft infection at the groin.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulo; Caliò, Francesco G; D'Urso, Antonio; Giacobbi, Daniela; Papaspyropoulos, Vassilios; Ceccanei, Gianluca

    2004-12-01

    Infrascrotal, perineal, femorofemoral bypass is an acceptable procedure for treating infection of a prosthetic arterial graft limited to a unilateral groin. A consecutive sample clinical study with a mean follow-up of 29 months. The surgical department of an academic tertiary care center and an affiliated secondary care center. Nineteen patients with a mean age of 68 years with prosthetic graft infection at the outflow anastomosis on a femoral artery at the Scarpa triangle underwent an infrascrotal, perineal, femorofemoral bypass, with excision of the graft material limited at the groin. The recipient artery was the profunda femoris artery in 12 cases, the superficial femoral in 5, and the distal common femoral artery in 2. Cumulative survival, recurrence of sepsis, primary graft patency, and limb salvage rates expressed by standard life-table analysis. Postoperative mortality rate was 5%. Cumulative (SE) survival rate was 65% (11.6%) at 3 years. Cumulative (SE) rate of freedom from recurrent sepsis was 88% (8.6%) at 3 years. Cumulative (SE) primary patency and limb salvage rates were 86% (9.4%) and 91% (7.9%), respectively, at 3 years. Femorofemoral bypass with an infrascrotal perineal approach is a valuable procedure for the treatment of femoral arterial graft infection limited at a unilateral groin.

  19. Infrascrotal, Perineal, Femorofemoral Bypass for Arterial Graft Infection at the Groin.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulio; Caliò, Francesco G; D'Urso, Antonio; Giacobbi, Daniela; Papaspyropoulos, Vassilios; Ceccanei, Gianluca

    2004-12-01

    HYPOTHESIS: Infrascrotal, perineal, femorofemoral bypass is an acceptable procedure for treating infection of a prosthetic arterial graft limited to a unilateral groin. DESIGN: A consecutive sample clinical study with a mean follow-up of 29 months. SETTING: The surgical department of an academic tertiary care center and an affiliated secondary care center. PATIENTS: Nineteen patients with a mean age of 68 years with prosthetic graft infection at the outflow anastomosis on a femoral artery at the Scarpa triangle underwent an infrascrotal, perineal, femorofemoral bypass, with excision of the graft material limited at the groin. The recipient artery was the profunda femoris artery in 12 cases, the superficial femoral in 5, and the distal common femoral artery in 2. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cumulative survival, recurrence of sepsis, primary graft patency, and limb salvage rates expressed by standard life-table analysis. RESULTS: Postoperative mortality rate was 5%. Cumulative (SE) survival rate was 65% (11.6%) at 3 years. Cumulative (SE) rate of freedom from recurrent sepsis was 88% (8.6%) at 3 years. Cumulative (SE) primary patency and limb salvage rates were 86% (9.4%) and 91% (7.9%), respectively, at 3 years. CONCLUSION: Femorofemoral bypass with an infrascrotal perineal approach is a valuable procedure for the treatment of femoral arterial graft infection limited at a unilateral groin.

  20. Backout of the helical blade of proximal femoral nail antirotation and accompanying fracture nonunion.

    PubMed

    Niikura, Takahiro; Lee, Sang Yang; Matsumoto, Tomoyuki; Fukui, Tomoaki; Kawakami, Yohei; Akisue, Toshihiro; Kuroda, Ryosuke; Kurosaka, Masahiro

    2012-08-01

    This article describes a case of backout of the helical blade, a rare complication of proximal femoral nail antirotation. A 31-year-old man had sustained a trochanteric fracture of his right femur. Fracture fixation using proximal femoral nail antirotation and autologous bone grafting 7 months later were performed at another hospital. However, bony union was not obtained, and the patient's pain and limp persisted. Therefore, he presented to the current authors. A radiograph taken at presentation revealed backout of the helical blade and fracture nonunion. A radiograph taken 1 month later showed a more advanced backout of the helical blade. The authors performed exchange nailing supplemented with transplantation of peripheral blood CD34-positive cells and autologous bone grafting. The proximal femoral nail antirotation was revised to a long gamma 3 nail, and a U-lag screw was used to obtain better stability. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patient regained ambulation without pain or support at 12 weeks postoperatively. Radiographic bony union was completed 9 months postoperatively. At 1-year follow-up, he could run and stand on the previously injured leg and had returned to work. Backout of the helical blade should be considered as a possible complication of proximal femoral nail antirotation. Incomplete fixation of the helical blade is the possible reason for backout. The use of a helical blade in young patients may cause difficulty in insertion and result in incomplete fixation.

  1. Bone Graft Harvest Using a New Intramedullary System

    PubMed Central

    Belthur, Mohan V.; Jindal, Gaurav; Ranade, Ashish; Herzenberg, John E.

    2008-01-01

    Obtaining autogenous bone graft from the iliac crest can entail substantial morbidity. Alternatively, bone graft can be harvested from long bones using an intramedullary (IM) harvesting system. We measured bone graft volume obtained from the IM canals of the femur and tibia and documented the complications of the harvesting technique. Donor site pain and the union rate were compared between the IM and the traditional iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) harvest. Forty-one patients (23 male, 18 female) with an average age of 44.9 years (range, 15–78 years) had graft harvested from long bones using an IM harvest system (femoral donor site, 37 patients; tibial donor site, four patients). Forty patients (23 male, 17 female; average age, 46.4 years; range, 15–77 years) underwent anterior ICBG harvest. We administered patient surveys to both groups to determine pain intensity and frequency. IM group reported lower pain scores than the ICBG group during all postoperative periods. Mean graft volume for the IM harvest group was 40.3 mL (range, 25–75 mL) (graft volume was not obtained for the ICBG group). Using an intramedullary system to harvest autogenous bone graft from the long bones is safe provided a meticulous technique is used. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:18841433

  2. Adjuvant therapies of bone graft around non-cemented experimental orthopedic implants stereological methods and experiments in dogs.

    PubMed

    Baas, Jørgen

    2008-08-01

    Revision arthroplasty is a challenging aspect of the otherwise quite successful area of joint replacement surgery. The instable interaction between implant and host bone has often initiated a destructive process of inflammation and osteolysis, rendering the revision site sclerotic and with insufficient bone stock. One way of dealing with this is to build up a bed of tightly packed morselized bone graft to support the revision implant in a procedure often referred to as impaction grafting. Fresh frozen morselized femoral head allograft is the gold standard material for impaction grafting of the large defects usually involved in revision arthroplasty. The clinical outcome does not match that of primary arthroplasties. Implant subsidence is greater, implant survival shorter, and the bone graft is often not incorporated into living bone. The studies constituting this thesis have investigated ways of improving early implant fixation and bone graft incorporation. All studies used the same experimental canine model of early fixation and osseointegration of uncemented implant components inserted into a bed of impacted bone graft. Study I compared bone grafted implants where the morselized allograft was used alone or had been added rhBMP-2, the bisphosphonate pamidronate or a combination of the two. The main object was to see wether the previously observed growth factor related accelerated allograft resorption could be counteracted by the addition of an anti-catabolic drug. The study also compared HA-coated and non-coated porous Ti implants. The untreated control implants had better mechanical fixation than all other treatment groups. RhBMP-2 raised the total metabolic turnover of bone within the allograft with a net negative result on implant fixation. Pamidronate virtually blocked bone metabolism, also when combined with rhBMP-2. The HA-coated implants had more than twice as good mechanical fixation and improved osseointegration compared to the corresponding Ti implants

  3. Intravenous transplantation of allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and its directional migration to the necrotic femoral head.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhang-hua; Liao, Wen; Cui, Xi-long; Zhao, Qiang; Liu, Ming; Chen, You-hao; Liu, Tian-shu; Liu, Nong-le; Wang, Fang; Yi, Yang; Shao, Ning-sheng

    2011-01-09

    In this study, we investigated the feasibility and safety of intravenous transplantation of allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for femoral head repair, and observed the migration and distribution of MSCs in hosts. MSCs were labeled with green fluorescent protein (GFP) in vitro and injected into nude mice via vena caudalis, and the distribution of MSCs was dynamically monitored at 0, 6, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h after transplantation. Two weeks after the establishment of a rabbit model of femoral head necrosis, GFP labeled MSCs were injected into these rabbits via ear vein, immunological rejection and graft versus host disease were observed and necrotic and normal femoral heads, bone marrows, lungs, and livers were harvested at 2, 4 and 6 w after transplantation. The sections of these tissues were observed under fluorescent microscope. More than 70 % MSCs were successfully labeled with GFP at 72 h after labeling. MSCs were uniformly distributed in multiple organs and tissues including brain, lungs, heart, kidneys, intestine and bilateral hip joints of nude mice. In rabbits, at 6 w after intravenous transplantation, GFP labeled MSCs were noted in the lungs, liver, bone marrow and normal and necrotic femoral heads of rabbits, and the number of MSCs in bone marrow was higher than that in the, femoral head, liver and lungs. Furthermore, the number of MSCs peaked at 6 w after transplantation. Moreover, no immunological rejection and graft versus host disease were found after transplantation in rabbits. Our results revealed intravenously implanted MSCs could migrate into the femoral head of hosts, and especially migrate directionally and survive in the necrotic femoral heads. Thus, it is feasible and safe to treat femoral head necrosis by intravenous transplantation of allogeneic MSCs.

  4. Impact of immunosuppression treatment on the improvement in graft survival after deceased donor renal transplantation: a long-term cohort study.

    PubMed

    González-Molina, Miguel; Burgos, Dolores; Cabello, Mercedes; Ruiz-Esteban, Pedro; Rodríguez, Manuel A; Gutiérrez, Cristina; López, Verónica; Baena, Víctor; Hernández, Domingo

    2014-01-01

    We analyzed graft half-life and attrition rates in 1045 adult deceased donor kidney transplants from 1986-2001, with follow-up to 2011, grouped in two periods (1986-95 vs. 1996-01) according to immunosuppression. The Kaplan-Meier curve showed a significant increase in graft survival during 1996-2001. The uncensored real graft half-life was 10.25 years in 1986-95 and the actuarial was 14.58 years in 1996-2001 (P<0.001). The attrition rates showed a significantly greater graft loss in 1986-95, even excluding the first year from the analysis. The decline in renal function was significantly less pronounced in 1996-2001, indicating better preservation of renal function, despite the increase in donor age and stroke as the cause of donor death. The parsimonious Cox multivariate model showed donor age, acute rejection, panel reactive antibody, cold ischemia time and delayed graft function were significantly associated with a higher risk of graft loss. In contrast, the risk of graft loss fell by 21% in 1996-2001 compared with 1986-95. A similar reduction (25%) was observed when MMF treatment was entered into the multivariate model instead of study period. Long-term graft survival improved significantly in 1996-2001 compared to 1986-1995 despite older donor age. Modern immunosuppression could have contributed to the improved kidney transplant outcome.

  5. Repair of a bowel-containing, scrotal hernia with incarceration contributed by femorofemoral bypass graft

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Gaurav; Schouten, Jonathan A.; Itani, Kamal M. F.

    2017-01-01

    The rising use of endovascular techniques utilizing femoral artery access may increase the frequency with which surgeons face the challenge of hernia repair in reoperative groins—which may or may not include a vascular graft. We present a case where a vascular graft contributed to an acute presentation and complicated dissection, and review the literature. A 67-year-old man who had undergone prior endovascular aneurysm repair via open bilateral femoral artery access and concomitant prosthetic femorofemoral bypass, presented with an incarcerated, scrotal inguinal hernia. The graft with its associated fibrosis contributed to the incarceration by compressing the inguinal ring. Repair was undertaken via an open, anterior approach with tension-free, Lichtenstein herniorraphy after releasing graft-associated fibrosis. Repair of groin hernias in this complex setting requires careful surgical planning, preparation for potential vascular reconstruction and meticulous technique to avoid bowel injury in the face of a vascular conduit and mesh. PMID:28069880

  6. Magnesium inference screw supports early graft incorporation with inhibition of graft degradation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Pengfei; Han, Pei; Zhao, Changli; Zhang, Shaoxiang; Zhang, Xiaonong; Chai, Yimin

    2016-05-01

    Patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery commonly encounters graft failure in the initial phase of rehabilitation. The inhibition of graft degradation is crucial for the successful reconstruction of the ACL. Here, we used biodegradable high-purity magnesium (HP Mg) screws in the rabbit model of ACL reconstruction with titanium (Ti) screws as a control and analyzed the graft degradation and screw corrosion using direct pull-out tests, microCT scanning, and histological and immunohistochemical staining. The most noteworthy finding was that tendon graft fixed by HP Mg screws exhibited biomechanical properties substantially superior to that by Ti screws and the relative area of collagen fiber at the tendon-bone interface was much larger in the Mg group, when severe graft degradation was identified in the histological analysis at 3 weeks. Semi-quantitative immunohistochemical results further elucidated that the MMP-13 expression significantly decreased surrounding HP Mg screws with relatively higher Collagen II expression. And HP Mg screws exhibited uniform corrosion behavior without displacement or loosening in the femoral tunnel. Therefore, our results demonstrated that Mg screw inhibited graft degradation and improved biomechanical properties of tendon graft during the early phase of graft healing and highlighted its potential in ACL reconstruction.

  7. Magnesium inference screw supports early graft incorporation with inhibition of graft degradation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Pengfei; Han, Pei; Zhao, Changli; Zhang, Shaoxiang; Zhang, Xiaonong; Chai, Yimin

    2016-01-01

    Patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery commonly encounters graft failure in the initial phase of rehabilitation. The inhibition of graft degradation is crucial for the successful reconstruction of the ACL. Here, we used biodegradable high-purity magnesium (HP Mg) screws in the rabbit model of ACL reconstruction with titanium (Ti) screws as a control and analyzed the graft degradation and screw corrosion using direct pull-out tests, microCT scanning, and histological and immunohistochemical staining. The most noteworthy finding was that tendon graft fixed by HP Mg screws exhibited biomechanical properties substantially superior to that by Ti screws and the relative area of collagen fiber at the tendon-bone interface was much larger in the Mg group, when severe graft degradation was identified in the histological analysis at 3 weeks. Semi-quantitative immunohistochemical results further elucidated that the MMP-13 expression significantly decreased surrounding HP Mg screws with relatively higher Collagen II expression. And HP Mg screws exhibited uniform corrosion behavior without displacement or loosening in the femoral tunnel. Therefore, our results demonstrated that Mg screw inhibited graft degradation and improved biomechanical properties of tendon graft during the early phase of graft healing and highlighted its potential in ACL reconstruction. PMID:27210585

  8. Combined autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) with supra-condylar femoral varus osteotomy, following lateral growth-plate damage in an adolescent knee: 8-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    We report the 8-year clinical and radiographic outcome of an adolescent patient with a large osteochondral defect of the lateral femoral condyle, and ipsilateral genu valgum secondary to an epiphyseal injury, managed with autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) and supracondylar re-alignment femoral osteotomy. Long-term clinical success was achieved using this method, illustrating the effective use of re-alignment osteotomy in correcting mal-alignment of the knee, protecting the ACI graft site and providing the optimum environment for cartilage repair and regeneration. This is the first report of the combined use of ACI and femoral osteotomy for such a case. PMID:21418566

  9. Combined autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) with supra-condylar femoral varus osteotomy, following lateral growth-plate damage in an adolescent knee: 8-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Vijayan, Sridhar; Bentley, George

    2011-03-18

    We report the 8-year clinical and radiographic outcome of an adolescent patient with a large osteochondral defect of the lateral femoral condyle, and ipsilateral genu valgum secondary to an epiphyseal injury, managed with autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) and supracondylar re-alignment femoral osteotomy. Long-term clinical success was achieved using this method, illustrating the effective use of re-alignment osteotomy in correcting mal-alignment of the knee, protecting the ACI graft site and providing the optimum environment for cartilage repair and regeneration. This is the first report of the combined use of ACI and femoral osteotomy for such a case.

  10. Porous tantalum rods for treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

    PubMed

    Liu, Z H; Guo, W S; Li, Z R; Cheng, L M; Zhang, Q D; Yue, D B; Shi, Z C; Wang, B L; Sun, W; Zhang, N F

    2014-10-20

    This study evaluated the outcomes of using porous tantalum rods for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). We performed core decompression and inserted porous tantalum implants in 149 patients (168 consecutive hips) with ONFH. Hips had large (65), medium (64), or small (39) lesions; 63 lesions were lateral, 68 were central, and 35 were medial. Conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) was the end point of this survey. A total of 130 cases (138 hips) were followed. The mean follow-up time was 38.46 ± 5.76 months; 43 hips (31%) were converted to or needed THA. Of the 43 hips requiring THA, 33 had large lesions, including 1 medial, 3 central, and 29 lateral lesions; 9 had medium, lateral lesions, and 1 hip had a small, lateral lesion. Bone grafting was used in 59 hips, with 3 hips failing; 40 of 79 hips without bone grafts failed. The sum distances between the tops of the rods and the lateral lesion boundaries (SDTL, mm) were measured in anteroposterior and lateral radiographs. In the failure and spared groups, the average SDTLs were 7.65 ± 2.759 and 0.83 ± 2.286 mm, respectively. The survival of porous tantalum rods used for treating early-stage ONFH was affected by the size and location of the lesion, whether or not a bone graft was used, as well as the distance between top of the rod and the lateral boundary of the lesion.

  11. Antibiotic-loaded bone void filler accelerates healing in a femoral condylar rat model.

    PubMed

    Shiels, S M; Cobb, R R; Bedigrew, K M; Ritter, G; Kirk, J F; Kimbler, A; Finger Baker, I; Wenke, J C

    2016-08-01

    Demineralised bone matrix (DBM) is rarely used for the local delivery of prophylactic antibiotics. Our aim, in this study, was to show that a graft with a bioactive glass and DBM combination, which is currently available for clinical use, can be loaded with tobramycin and release levels of antibiotic greater than the minimum inhibitory concentration for Staphylococcus aureus without interfering with the bone healing properties of the graft, thus protecting the graft and surrounding tissues from infection. Antibiotic was loaded into a graft and subsequently evaluated for drug elution kinetics and the inhibition of bacterial growth. A rat femoral condylar plug model was used to determine the effect of the graft, loaded with antibiotic, on bone healing. We found that tobramycin loaded into a graft composed of bioglass and DBM eluted antibiotic above the minimum inhibitory concentration for three days in vitro. It was also found that the antibiotic loaded into the graft produced no adverse effects on the bone healing properties of the DBM at a lower level of antibiotic. This antibiotic-loaded bone void filler may represent a promising option for the delivery of local antibiotics in orthopaedic surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1126-31. ©2016 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  12. Longitudinal trajectory of sexual functioning after hematopoietic cell transplantation: impact of chronic graft-versus-host disease and total body irradiation.

    PubMed

    Wong, F Lennie; Francisco, Liton; Togawa, Kayo; Kim, Heeyoung; Bosworth, Alysia; Atencio, Liezl; Hanby, Cara; Grant, Marcia; Kandeel, Fouad; Forman, Stephen J; Bhatia, Smita

    2013-12-05

    This prospective study described the trajectory of sexual well-being from before hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) to 3 years after in 131 allogeneic and 146 autologous HCT recipients using Derogatis Interview for Sexual Function and Derogatis Global Sexual Satisfaction Index. Sixty-one percent of men and 37% of women were sexually active pre-HCT; the prevalence declined to 51% (P = .01) in men and increased to 48% (P = .02) in women at 3 years post-HCT. After HCT, sexual satisfaction declined in both sexes (P < .001). All sexual function domains were worse in women compared with men (P ≤ .001). Orgasm (P = .002) and drive/relationship (P < .001) declined in men, but sexual cognition/fantasy (P = .01) and sexual behavior/experience (P = .01) improved in women. Older age negatively impacted sexual function post-HCT in both sexes (P < .01). Chronic graft-versus-host disease was associated with lower sexual cognition/fantasy (P = .003) and orgasm (P = .006) in men and sexual arousal (P = .05) and sexual satisfaction (P = .005) in women. All male sexual function domains declined after total body irradiation (P < .05). This study identifies vulnerable subpopulations that could benefit from interventional strategies to improve sexual well-being.

  13. Longitudinal trajectory of sexual functioning after hematopoietic cell transplantation: impact of chronic graft-versus-host disease and total body irradiation

    PubMed Central

    Wong, F. Lennie; Francisco, Liton; Togawa, Kayo; Kim, Heeyoung; Bosworth, Alysia; Atencio, Liezl; Hanby, Cara; Grant, Marcia; Kandeel, Fouad; Forman, Stephen J.

    2013-01-01

    This prospective study described the trajectory of sexual well-being from before hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) to 3 years after in 131 allogeneic and 146 autologous HCT recipients using Derogatis Interview for Sexual Function and Derogatis Global Sexual Satisfaction Index. Sixty-one percent of men and 37% of women were sexually active pre-HCT; the prevalence declined to 51% (P = .01) in men and increased to 48% (P = .02) in women at 3 years post-HCT. After HCT, sexual satisfaction declined in both sexes (P < .001). All sexual function domains were worse in women compared with men (P ≤ .001). Orgasm (P = .002) and drive/relationship (P < .001) declined in men, but sexual cognition/fantasy (P = .01) and sexual behavior/experience (P = .01) improved in women. Older age negatively impacted sexual function post-HCT in both sexes (P < .01). Chronic graft-versus-host disease was associated with lower sexual cognition/fantasy (P = .003) and orgasm (P = .006) in men and sexual arousal (P = .05) and sexual satisfaction (P = .005) in women. All male sexual function domains declined after total body irradiation (P < .05). This study identifies vulnerable subpopulations that could benefit from interventional strategies to improve sexual well-being. PMID:24159171

  14. Gender-linked impact of epicardial adipose tissue volume in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery or non-coronary valve surgery.

    PubMed

    Maimaituxun, Gulinu; Shimabukuro, Michio; Salim, Hotimah Masdan; Tabata, Minoru; Yuji, Daisuke; Morimoto, Yoshihisa; Akasaka, Takeshi; Matsuura, Tomomi; Yagi, Shusuke; Fukuda, Daiju; Yamada, Hirotsugu; Soeki, Takeshi; Sugimoto, Takaki; Tanaka, Masashi; Takanashi, Shuichiro; Sata, Masataka

    2017-01-01

    Traditional and non-traditional risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) are different between men and women. Gender-linked impact of epicardial adipose tissue volume (EATV) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains unknown. Gender-linked impact of EATV, abdominal fat distribution and other traditional ASCVD risk factors were compared in 172 patients (men: 115; women: 57) who underwent CABG or non-coronary valvular surgery (non-CABG). In men, EATV, EATV index (EATV/body surface area) and the markers of adiposity such as body mass index, waist circumference and visceral fat area were higher in the CABG group than in the non-CABG group. Traditional ASCVD risk factors were also prevalent in the CABG group. In women, EATV and EATV index were higher in the CABG group, but other adiposity markers were comparable between CABG and non-CABG groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that in men, CABG was determined by EATV Index and other ASCVD risk factors including hypertension, dyslipidemia, adiponectin, high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Corrected R2 = 0.262, p < 0.0001), while in women, type 2 diabetes mellitus is a single strong predictor for CABG, excluding EATV Index (Corrected R2 = 0.266, p = 0.005). Our study found that multiple risk factors, including epicardial adipose tissue volume and traditional ASCVD factors are determinants for CABG in men, but type 2 diabetes mellitus was the sole determinant in women. Gender-specific disparities in risk factors of CABG prompt us to evaluate new diagnostic and treatment strategies and to seek underlying mechanisms.

  15. Are early cannulation arteriovenous grafts (ecAVG) a viable alternative to tunnelled central venous catheters (TCVCs)? An observational "virtual study" and budget impact analysis.

    PubMed

    Aitken, Emma; Iqbal, Kashfa; Thomson, Peter; Kasthuri, Ram; Kingsmore, David

    2016-05-07

    Early cannulation arteriovenous grafts (ecAVGs) are advocated as an alternative to tunnelled central venous catheters (TCVCs). A real-time observational "virtual study" and budget impact model was performed to evaluate a strategy of ecAVG as a replacement to TCVC as a bridge to definitive access creation. Data on complications and access-related bed days was collected prospectively for all TCVCs inserted over a six-month period (n = 101). The feasibility and acceptability of an alternative strategy (ecAVGs) was also evaluated. A budget impact model comparing the two strategies was performed. Autologous access in the form of native fistula was the goal wherever possible. We found 34.7% (n = 35) of TCVCs developed significant complications (including 17 culture-proven bacteraemia and one death from line sepsis). Patients spent an average of 11.9 days/patient/year in hospital as a result of access-related complications. The wait for TCVC insertion delayed discharge in 35 patients (median: 6 days). The ecAVGs were a practical and acceptable alternative to TCVCs in over 80% of patients. Over a 6-month period, total treatment costs per patient wereGBP5882 in the TCVC strategy and GBP4954 in the ecAVG strategy, delivering potential savings ofGBP927 per patient. The ecAVGs had higher procedure and re-intervention costs (GBP3014 vs. GBP1836); however, these were offset by significant reductions in septicaemia treatment costs (GBP1322 vs. GBP2176) and in-patient waiting time bed costs (GBP619 vs. GBP1870). Adopting ecAVGs as an alternative to TCVCs in patients requiring immediate access for haemodialysis may provide better individual patient care and deliver cost savings to the hospital.

  16. THE IMPACT OF GRAFT VERSUS HOST DISEASE ON RELAPSE RATE IN PATIENTS WITH LYMPHOMA DEPENDS ON THE HISTOLOGICAL SUB-TYPE AND THE INTENSITY OF THE CONDITIONING REGIMEN

    PubMed Central

    Urbano-Ispizua, Alvaro; Pavletic, Steven Z.; Flowers, Mary E.; Klein, John P.; Zhang, Mei-Jie; Carreras, Jeanette; Montoto, Silvia; Perales, Miguel-Angel; Aljurf, Mahmoud D.; Akpek, Görgün; Bredeson, Christopher N.; Costa, Luciano J.; Dandoy, Christopher; Freytes, César O.; Fung, Henry C.; Gale, Robert Peter; Gibson, John; Hamadani, Mehdi; Hayashi, Robert J.; Inamoto, Yoshihiro; Inwards, David J.; Lazarus, Hillard M.; Maloney, David G.; Martino, Rodrigo; Munker, Reinhold; Nishihori, Taiga; Olsson, Richard F.; Rizzieri, David A.; Reshef, Ran; Saad, Ayman; Savani, Bipin N.; Schouten, Harry C.; Smith, Sonali M.; Socié, Gérard; Wirk, Baldeep; Yu, Lolie C.; Saber, Wael

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To analyze the impact of graft versus host disease (GVHD) on the relapse rate of different lymphoma subtypes after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). Patients and Methods Adult patients with a diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), follicular lymphoma (FL), peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL), or mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) undergoing HLA-identical sibling or unrelated donor HCT between 1997 and 2009 were included. Results Two thousand six hundred and eleven cases were included. Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen was used in 62.8% of the transplants. In a multivariate analysis of myeloablative cases (n=970), neither acute (aGVHD) nor chronic GVHD (cGVHD) were significantly associated with a lower incidence of relapse/progression in any lymphoma subtype. In contrast, the analysis of RIC cases (n=1641) showed that cGVHD was associated with a lower incidence of relapse/progression in FL (RR 0.51, p=0.049) and in MCL (RR 0.41, p=0.019). Patients with FL or MCL developing both aGVHD and cGVHD had the lowest risk of relapse (RR 0.14, p=0.007; and RR 0.15, p=0.0019, respectively). Of interest, the effect of GVHD on decreasing relapse was similar in patients with sensitive disease and chemoresistant disease. Unfortunately, both aGVHD and cGVHD had a deleterious effect on treatment related mortality (TRM) and overall survival (OS) in FL cases, and did not impact TRM, OS or PFS in MCL. Conclusion This study reinforces the use of RIC allo-HCT as a platform for immunotherapy in follicular and mantle cell lymphoma patients. PMID:25981509

  17. Impact of Cyclosporine Levels on the Development of Acute Graft versus Host Disease after Reduced Intensity Conditioning Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    García Cadenas, Irene; Valcarcel, David; Martino, Rodrigo; Piñana, J. L.; Barba, Pere; Novelli, Silvana; Esquirol, Albert; Garrido, Ana; Saavedra, Silvana; Granell, Miquel; Moreno, Carol; Briones, Javier; Brunet, Salut; Sierra, Jorge

    2014-01-01

    We analyze the impact of cyclosporine (CsA) levels in the development of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after reduced intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation (allo-RIC). We retrospectively evaluated 156 consecutive patients who underwent HLA-identical sibling allo-RIC at our institution. CsA median blood levels in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th weeks after allo-RIC were 134 (range: 10–444), 219 (54–656), 253 (53–910) and 224 (30–699) ng/mL; 60%, 16%, 11% and 17% of the patients had median CsA blood levels below 150 ng/mL during these weeks. 53 patients developed grade 2–4 aGVHD for a cumulative incidence of 45% (95% CI 34–50%) at a median of 42 days. Low CsA levels on the 3rd week and sex-mismatch were associated with the development of GVHD. Risk factors for 1-year NRM and OS were advanced disease status (HR: 2.2, P = 0.02) and development of grade 2–4 aGVHD (HR: 2.5, P < 0.01), while there was a trend for higher NRM in patients with a low median CsA concentration on the 3rd week (P = 0.06). These results emphasize the relevance of sustaining adequate levels of blood CsA by close monitoring and dose adjustments, particularly when engraftment becomes evident. CsA adequate management will impact on long-term outcomes in the allo-RIC setting. PMID:24623962

  18. [Femoral shaft fractures in children].

    PubMed

    Dietz, H-G; Schlickewei, W

    2011-05-01

    Femoral shaft fractures in children represent 1.5% of all fractures in childhood. Up to the age of 4 years, conservative treatment in a hip spica or short-term overhead traction is the therapy of choice. Femoral shaft fractures between the age of 5 and 16 years should be treated surgically. In over 90% of these cases elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) is the premier treatment option. Additional end caps can be used for unstable fractures and in length discrepancy. The external fixator and the locking plate are reserved for fractures with severe soft tissue injuries, vascular problems and some specific situations mentioned later on. By adhering to these standards good results can be achieved with a low complication rate.

  19. [Osteonecrosis of the femoral head].

    PubMed

    Lafforgue, Pierre

    2002-03-15

    The femoral head is the main location of avascular osteonecrosis. The lesion remains asymptomatic for several months or years before causing non specific hip pain. Risk factors have been identified, mainly femoral neck fractures, corticosteroid therapy and related conditions (lupus erythematosus, organ transplantations), alcohol abuse, dyslipidemia, sickle cell disease, HIV infection, caisson workers, Gaucher's disease, male sex. When typical radiological signs are lacking, MRI is the best investigation. Progression toward hip joint damage highly depends on the necrotic volume assessed at MRI. The combination of plain radiographs which help staging the severity of osteonecrosis, and MRI which indicates the prognosis of the lesion, determines the therapeutic options: symptomatic pain relief therapies or surgical treatment (core decompression, osteotomy or total hip replacement).

  20. Electrostrictive Graft Elastomers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Su, Ji (Inventor); Harrison, Joycelyn S. (Inventor); St.Clair, Terry L. (Inventor)

    2003-01-01

    An electrostrictive graft elastomer has a backbone molecule which is a non-crystallizable, flexible macromolecular chain and a grafted polymer forming polar graft moieties with backbone molecules. The polar graft moieties have been rotated by an applied electric field, e.g., into substantial polar alignment. The rotation is sustained until the electric field is removed. In another embodiment, a process for producing strain in an elastomer includes: (a) providing a graft elastomer having a backbone molecule which is a non-crystallizable, flexible macromolecular chain and a grafted polymer forming polar graft moieties with backbone molecules; and (b) applying an electric field to the graft elastomer to rotate the polar graft moieties, e.g., into substantial polar alignment.

  1. Distal Femoral Oblique Fracture in a Young Male Soldier

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, David Naji; Al Khateeb, Hesham; Safwat, Mohammed

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Here, we report a case of a distal femoral fracture in a 23-year-old male army cadet who presented to the Accident and Emergency department following a twisting injury while participating in a routine military marching exercise. A pathological fracture was considered but this suspicion was put to rest following thorough investigations, leaving only a diagnosis of a nontraumatic spontaneous femoral fracture. To our knowledge, there have been no reported cases of distal femoral fractures associated with nontraumatic military exercises, with the majority of injuries instead related to stress fractures. A vigilant literature search yielded no cases of similar injury nature, which is the primary reason we believe that those interested in orthopaedics or military doctors would find themselves drawn to this case. The patient presented with severe pain in his left thigh and on examination there was a deformity of his left thigh. In terms of investigations, a bone profile, plain film radiographs, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and tumor markers were all preformed and proved unremarkable. The definitive treatment was by open reduction and internal fixation. Femoral fractures often require significant amounts of force, particularly in young, healthy individuals. Generally, these injuries in this demographic follow high-energy traumas, with the lion's share occurring following a road traffic accident or other high-speed impact. More often than not, the treatment is surgical. Given the extraordinary manner of this such, one must be attentive and exhaustive in their investigation of such presentations. PMID:27258509

  2. Arthroplasty in Femoral Head Osteonecrosis

    PubMed Central

    Nam, Dong Cheol; Jung, Kwangyoung

    2014-01-01

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a destructive joint disease requiring early hip arthroplasty. The polyethylene-metal design using a 22-mm femoral head component, introduced by Charnley in 1950, has been widely used for over half a century. Since then, different materials with the capacity to minimize friction between bearing surfaces and various cement or cementless insert fixations have been developed. Although the outcome of second and third generation designs using better bearing materials and technologies has been favorable, less favorable results are seen with total hip arthroplasty in young patients with osteonecrosis. Selection of appropriate materials for hip arthroplasty is important for any potential revisions that might become inevitable due to the limited durability of a prosthetic hip joint. Alternative hip arthroplasties, which include hemiresurfacing arthroplasty and bipolar hemiarthroplasty, have not been found to have acceptable outcomes. Metal-on-metal resurfacing has recently been suggested as a feasible option for young patients with extra physical demands; however, concerns about complications such as hypersensitivity reaction or pseudotumor formation on metal bearings have emerged. To ensure successful long-term outcomes in hip arthroplasty, factors such as insert stabilization and surfaces with less friction are essential. Understanding these aspects in arthroplasty is important to selection of proper materials and to making appropriate decisions for patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head. PMID:27536561

  3. [Slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE)].

    PubMed

    Wirth, T

    2011-08-01

    A slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) is the most common disease of the hip among adolescents. In the light of our current knowledge on the development of coxarthrosis, it represents a first line model case that has led to a series of novel ideas in the therapy for SUFE. The development of coxarthrosis from a cam impingement, i.e., the loss of offset of the neck of the femur and degenerative damage to the acetabular lip as its early form, is seen again in the clinical picture of slipped upper femoral epiphysis. Depending on the degree of slippage, we see a varying severity of the loss of offset and thus also different extents of the potential damage to the hip joint. This knowledge is by no means new. The questions of reorientation of the epiphysis of the humeral head and thus restoration of the anatomy of the coxal end of the femur have been addressed by renowned surgeons and answered with the development of widely varying procedures for surgical correction. However, within the framework of the surgical techniques introduced for treatment of impingement syndromes of the hip, these therapeutic options have been supplemented and broadened. The current discussion about the best therapeutic strategies emphasizes the fascination of the clinical entity of upper femoral epiphysis and constitutes a central component of this article. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  4. Novel Technique for Femoral Head Reconstruction using Allograft following Obturator Hip Dislocation.

    PubMed

    Church, Dane J; Merrill, Haley M; Kotwal, Suhel; Dubin, Jonathan R

    2016-01-01

    Obturator hip dislocations with an associated osteochondral fracture of the femoral head are uncommon. The treatment of these injuries is challenging and the functional outcomes are poor. Though the injury pattern has been described previously in literature, there are few published reports regarding treatment options. This case report illustrates a novel technique for fixation and stabilization for an unusual injury involving an obturator hip dislocation and an osteochondral impaction fracture of the femoral head. A 30-years old African American male, involved in a motor vehicle collision, sustained an obturator dislocation of the left hip with a large posterior osteochondral fracture of the femoral head. An emergency closed reduction procedure was performed followed by a computed tomography (CT) scan of the hip joint which demonstrated a large osteochondral defect (25 x 10 mm, depth: 5 mm) of the femoral head, visualized within the weight-bearing area. Surgical intervention was planned as a fracture of the femoral head with a defect deeper than four millimeters has been shown to be a risk factor for the development of post-traumatic arthritis, often with onset of symptoms within 5 years of the date of injury. Following surgical hip dislocation, the defect of the femoral head was reconstructed with implantation of a femoral head allograft and internal fixation. At the six months follow-up, the patient could ambulate with minimal pain and without assistive devices. Radiographs demonstrated maintenance of articular congruity with no evidence of implant failure, post-traumatic arthritis or avascular necrosis. Surgical hip dislocation and reconstruction using femoral head allograft used to treat obturator hip dislocations with concomitant femoral head impaction fractures can lead to satisfactory short term functional outcomes.

  5. Novel Technique for Femoral Head Reconstruction using Allograft following Obturator Hip Dislocation

    PubMed Central

    Church, Dane J.; Merrill, Haley M.; Kotwal, Suhel; Dubin, Jonathan R.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Obturator hip dislocations with an associated osteochondral fracture of the femoral head are uncommon. The treatment of these injuries is challenging and the functional outcomes are poor. Though the injury pattern has been described previously in literature, there are few published reports regarding treatment options. This case report illustrates a novel technique for fixation and stabilization for an unusual injury involving an obturator hip dislocation and an osteochondral impaction fracture of the femoral head. Case Presentation: A 30-years old African American male, involved in a motor vehicle collision, sustained an obturator dislocation of the left hip with a large posterior osteochondral fracture of the femoral head. An emergency closed reduction procedure was performed followed by a computed tomography (CT) scan of the hip joint which demonstrated a large osteochondral defect (25 x 10 mm, depth: 5 mm) of the femoral head, visualized within the weight-bearing area. Surgical intervention was planned as a fracture of the femoral head with a defect deeper than four millimeters has been shown to be a risk factor for the development of post-traumatic arthritis, often with onset of symptoms within 5 years of the date of injury. Following surgical hip dislocation, the defect of the femoral head was reconstructed with implantation of a femoral head allograft and internal fixation. At the six months follow-up, the patient could ambulate with minimal pain and without assistive devices. Radiographs demonstrated maintenance of articular congruity with no evidence of implant failure, post-traumatic arthritis or avascular necrosis. Conclusion: Surgical hip dislocation and reconstruction using femoral head allograft used to treat obturator hip dislocations with concomitant femoral head impaction fractures can lead to satisfactory short term functional outcomes. PMID:27299126

  6. [New microsurgical model for the study of the morphological adaptative response of venous grafts].

    PubMed

    Quiroga-Garza, Alejandro; Delgado-Brito, Miriam; Bazaldúa-Cruz, Juan José; Villarreal-Silva, Eliud; Velázquez-Gauna, Sergio E; Elizondo-Omaña, Rodrigo E; Guzmán-López, Santos

    2011-01-01

    Animal models have been developed for the study of the intimal hyperplasia, a common cause of venous graft stenosis. To establish a venous graft animal model for the study of the morphologic adaptative response to the arterial circulation. A venous graft was placed in the arterial circulation of the caudal extremity from Wistar rats. In order to develop the model, it was carried out a morphologic study of the caudal extremity blood vessels. Three possible sites were evaluated for the obtaining of the venous graft. Graft permeability and viability were observed only in one segment, between the muscular branches and the origin of the saphenous vein. The portion of vein that was obtained from one extremity, was placed in the arterial circulation of the opposite extremity. A venous graft animal model was established, using a femoral vein segment, between the muscular branches and the origin of the saphenous vein, placing it in the homonyme artery of the opposite extremity.

  7. Impact on mid-term kidney graft outcomes of pretransplant anti-HLA antibodies detected by solid-phase assays: Do donor-specific antibodies tell the whole story?

    PubMed

    Malheiro, Jorge; Tafulo, Sandra; Dias, Leonídio; Martins, La Salete; Fonseca, Isabel; Beirão, Idalina; Castro-Henriques, António; Cabrita, António

    2017-09-01

    The detrimental impact of preformed anti-HLA donor-specific antibodies (DSA) is well defined, contrarily to non-donor-specific antibodies (NDSA). We sought to evaluate their clinical impact in a cohort of 724 kidney graft recipients in whom anti-HLA antibodies were thoroughly screened and identified in pre-transplant sera by solid-phase assays. NDSA or DSA were detected in 100 (13.8%) and 47 (6.5%) recipients respectively, while 577 (79.7%) were non-allosensitized (NaS). Incidence of antibody-mediated rejection at 1-year was 0.7%, 4.0% and 25.5% in NaS, NDSA and DSA patients, respectively (NaS vs. NDSA P=0.004; NaS vs. DSA P<0.001; NDSA vs. DSA P<0.001). Graft survival was lowest in DSA (78.7%), followed by NDSA (88.0%) and NaS (93.8%) recipients (NaS vs. NDSA P=0.015; NaS vs. DSA P<0.001; NDSA vs. DSA P=0.378). Multivariable competing risk analysis confirmed both NDSA (sHR=2.19; P=0.025) and DSA (sHR=2.87; P=0.012) as significant predictors of graft failure. The negative effect of NDSA and DSA on graft survival was significant in patients receiving no induction (P=0.019) or an anti-IL-2 receptor antibody (P<0.001), but not in those receiving anti-thymocyte globulin (P=0.852). The recognition of the immunological risk associated with preformed DSA but also NDSA have important implications in patients' risk stratification, and may impact clinical decisions at transplant. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Polybutadiene-graft-polystyrene copolymer: Grafting quantification by liquid chromatography at critical conditions using single UV detection.

    PubMed

    Galindo, Christophe; Beaudoin, Emmanuel; Gigmes, Didier; Bertin, Denis

    2009-11-20

    We propose a fast, reliable chromatographic method to determine the grafting yield of a Polybutadiene-graft-Polystyrene (PB-g-PS) copolymer synthesized in our laboratory for High Impact Polystyrene applications. We used Liquid Chromatography at Critical Conditions of PS to separate non-grafted PS from graft product and ungrafted PB. Separation between grafted copolymer and non-grafted PS was very efficient and thanks to linearity of UV-detector response, we could quantify the amount of grafted PS in the copolymer, as well as calculate the grafting yield. Results shown here are for DOW BR1202D high-cis PB and BASF CB529T low-cis PB, Luperox TBIC M75 initiator at 8 x 10(-4) mol L(-1) and 125 degrees C reaction temperature.

  9. Management of femoral neck fractures in the young patient: A critical analysis review

    PubMed Central

    Pauyo, Thierry; Drager, Justin; Albers, Anthony; Harvey, Edward J

    2014-01-01

    Femoral neck fractures account for nearly half of all hip fractures with the vast majority occurring in elderly patients after simple falls. Currently there may be sufficient evidence to support the routine use of hip replacement surgery for low demand elderly patients in all but non-displaced and valgus impacted femoral neck fractures. However, for the physiologically young patients, preservation of the natural hip anatomy and mechanics is a priority in management because of their high functional demands. The biomechanical challenges of femoral neck fixation and the vulnerability of the femoral head blood supply lead to a high incidence of non-union and osteonecrosis of the femoral head after internal fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures. Anatomic reduction and stable internal fixation are essentials in achieving the goals of treatment in this young patient population. Furthermore, other management variables such as surgical timing, the role of capsulotomy and the choice of implant for fixation remain controversial. This review will focus both on the demographics and injury profile of young patients with femoral neck fractures and the current evidence behind the surgical management of these injuries as well as their major secondary complications. PMID:25035822

  10. Femoral Nerve Palsy with Patella Fracture

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sang Hyoung; Lee, Tong Joo; Woo, Min Su

    2013-01-01

    Femoral neuropathy may be associated with various etiologies and can cause severe walking disability. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman who underwent surgical repair for a patella fracture and complained of lower extremity pain, paresthesia, and weakness postoperatively. Electromyography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed partial peripheral neuropathy of the left femoral nerve associated with the patella fracture. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of femoral neuropathy associated with a patella fracture. PMID:24369003

  11. Tissue sparing total femoral arthroplasty: technical note.

    PubMed

    Willimon, Samuel Clifton; Bolognesi, Michael P; Attarian, David E

    2011-01-01

    It is predicted that the number of revision hip and knee arthroplasties will double by the years 2026 and 2015, respectively. As the burden of end-stage prosthetic disease increases, there will be a greater potential need for total femoral arthroplasty. This report describes a patient with a femoral neck fracture nonunion with an ipsilateral multiply revised failed total knee arthroplasty treated by a tissue sparing total femoral arthroplasty. The technique is described, and potential benefits are reviewed.

  12. Histological evaluation of an impacted bone graft substitute composed of a combination of mineralized and demineralized allograft in a sheep vertebral bone defect.

    PubMed

    Fujishiro, Takaaki; Bauer, Thomas W; Kobayashi, Naomi; Kobayashi, Hideo; Sunwoo, Moon Hae; Seim, Howard B; Turner, A Simon

    2007-09-01

    Demineralized bone matrix (DBMs) preparations are a potential alternative or supplement to autogenous bone graft, but many DBMs have not been adequately tested in clinically relevant animal models. The aim of current study was to compare the efficacy of a new bone graft substitute composed of a combination of mineralized and demineralized allograft, along with hyaluronic acid (AFT Bone Void Filler) with several other bone graft materials in a sheep vertebral bone void model. A drilled defect in the sheep vertebral body was filled with either the new DBM preparation, calcium sulfate (OsteoSet), autologous bone graft, or left empty. The sheep were euthanized after 6 or 12 weeks, and the defects were examined by histology and quantitative histomorphometry. The morphometry data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance with the post hoc Tukey-Kramer test or the Student's t-test. All of the bone defects in the AFT DBM preparation group showed good new bone formation with variable amounts of residual DBM and mineralized bone graft. The DBM preparation group at 12 weeks contained significantly more new bone than the defects treated with calcium sulfate or left empty (respectively, p < 0.05, p < 0.01). There was no significant difference between the DBM and autograft groups. No adverse inflammatory reactions were associated with any of the three graft materials. The AFT preparation of a mixture of mineralized and demineralized allograft appears to be an effective autograft substitute as tested in this sheep vertebral bone void model.

  13. Thromboembolic potential of synthetic vascular grafts in baboons

    SciTech Connect

    Schneider, P.A.; Kotze, H.F.; Heyns, A.D.; Hanson, S.R.

    1989-07-01

    We have compared in baboons the capacity of two types of synthetic vascular grafts to accumulate thrombus, activate circulating platelets, and generate occlusive platelet microemboli. Grafts were incorporated into femoral arterial-arterial shunts placed unilaterally in 10 baboons; the unoperated contralateral limbs served as controls. The accumulation of indium 111 (111In)-labeled platelets onto the grafts (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) or knitted Dacron, 4 mm inner diameter) and the appearance of 111In radioactivity in distal microcirculatory beds (calf and foot) were quantified by dynamic scintillation camera imaging. After 1 hour total platelet deposition per graft was higher with Dacron (49.0 +/- 8.0 x 10(9) platelets) than with ePTFE (3.7 +/- 0.6 x 10(9) platelets, p less than 0.01). Platelet counts decreased and beta-thromboglobulin levels increased with Dacron graft placement but were unaffected by ePTFE graft placement (p less than 0.05 and p less than 0.01, respectively). Emboli shed from Dacron grafts were detected as multifocal, irregular, and changing deposits in the calves and feet. Indium 111 platelet activity in the feet distal to the Dacron grafts increased 81.1% +/- 21.4% from baseline values over 1 hour, whereas the activities in the feet distal to the ePTFE grafts were unchanged (p less than 0.05). The increase 111In-platelet radioactivity above the control limb values (excess radioactivity) was higher for the Dacron graft group than for the ePTFE group in both the feet (139.6% +/- 46.9% vs 6.2%, p less than 0.05) and the calves (86.7% +/- 21.7% vs 7.3% +/- 3.6%, p less than 0.05).

  14. Uncemented revision stem for biological osteosynthesis in periprosthetic femoral fractures.

    PubMed

    Eingartner, C; Volkmann, R; Pütz, M; Weller, S

    1997-01-01

    Fractures around a femoral prosthesis have been treated with plating and additional cement, but this leads to further reduction of bone stock in the proximal femur. Since February 1992, we have dealt with this problem in 12 patients by revision using a long uncemented stem and distal interlocking combined with homologous bone grafting. Bony ingrowth and remodelling led to restoration of the proximal femur. After bone healing, removal of the distal interlocking screws converts the distal load transfer to the proximal anchoring of the revision stem so that osteointegration can occur in the trochanteric region. The clinical results were good in all the patients after a mean follow up of 23.5 months. This is a method which provides biological osteosynthesis and is especially indicated in younger patients.

  15. Femoral head diameter considerations for primary total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Girard, J

    2015-02-01

    The configuration of total hip arthroplasty (THA) implants has constantly evolved since they were first introduced. One of the key components of THA design is the diameter of the prosthetic femoral head. It has been well established that the risk of dislocation is lower as the head diameter increases. But head diameter impacts other variables beyond joint stability: wear, cam-type impingement, range of motion, restoration of biomechanics, proprioception and groin pain. The introduction of highly cross-linked polyethylene and hard-on-hard bearings has allowed surgeons to implant large-diameter heads that almost completely eliminate the risk of dislocation. But as a result, cup liners have become thinner. With femoral head diameters up to 36 mm, the improvement in joint range of motion, delay in cam-type impingement and reduction in dislocation risk have been clearly demonstrated. Conversely, large-diameter heads do not provide any additional improvements. If an "ecologically sound" approach to hip replacement is embraced (e.g. keeping the native femoral head diameter), hip resurfacing with a metal-on-metal bearing must be carried out. The reliability of large-diameter femoral heads in the longer term is questionable. Large-diameter ceramic-on-ceramic bearings may be plagued by the same problems as metal-on-metal bearings: groin pain, squeaking, increased stiffness, irregular lubrication, acetabular loosening and notable friction at the Morse taper. These possibilities require us to be extra careful when using femoral heads with a diameter greater than 36 mm. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. Segmentation of the lateral femoral notch sign with MRI using a new measurement technique.

    PubMed

    Hoffelner, Thomas; Pichler, Isabel; Moroder, Philipp; Osti, Michael; Hudelmaier, Martin; Wirth, Wolfgang; Resch, Herbert; Auffarth, Alexander

    2015-08-21

    The goal of this present study was to precisely determine the dimension and location of the impaction fracture on the lateral femoral condyle in patients with an ACL rupture. All patients with post-injury bi-plane radiographs and MRI images after sustaining a tear to the anterior cruciate ligament were included. Lateral radiographs of the affected knee were inspected for a lateral femoral notch sign. MRIs of patients with a lateral condylopatellar sulcus ≥1.5 mm were used to segment and measure the lateral condylopatellar sulcus. The MRI examination was interpreted by an expert in musculoskeletal radiology. The study was approved by the ethics committee of the state of Salzburg. A "lateral femoral notch sign"was seen in 50 patients. The average total surface area of the lateral femoral condyle was 3271.7 mm(2) (SD 739.5 mm(2)). The defect had a mean surface area of 266.1 mm(2) (SD 125.5 mm(2)), a mean volume of 456.5 mm(3) (SD 278.5 mm(3)), a mean depth of 3.0 mm (SD 0.8 mm). On average 169 mm(2) (SD 99.6 mm(2)) of the surface of the condyle were affected by the impaction fracture which corresponds to 5.2% (SD 2.8%) of the surface of the lateral femoral condyle. In 51 % the impaction fracture was located in the central-external area of the femoral condyle. In cases of a clinically suspected ACL rupture lateral radiographs of the knee should be checked for a lateral femoral notch sign further MRI for confirmation should be performed. Knowing of the precise defect on the lateral femoral condyle is an additionally valuable information, as concomitant injuries to a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament increase the risk for early-onset osteoarthritis in the future.

  17. The Impact of Graft-versus-Host Disease on the Relapse Rate in Patients with Lymphoma Depends on the Histological Subtype and the Intensity of the Conditioning Regimen.

    PubMed

    Urbano-Ispizua, Alvaro; Pavletic, Steven Z; Flowers, Mary E; Klein, John P; Zhang, Mei-Jie; Carreras, Jeanette; Montoto, Silvia; Perales, Miguel-Angel; Aljurf, Mahmoud D; Akpek, Görgün; Bredeson, Christopher N; Costa, Luciano J; Dandoy, Christopher; Freytes, César O; Fung, Henry C; Gale, Robert Peter; Gibson, John; Hamadani, Mehdi; Hayashi, Robert J; Inamoto, Yoshihiro; Inwards, David J; Lazarus, Hillard M; Maloney, David G; Martino, Rodrigo; Munker, Reinhold; Nishihori, Taiga; Olsson, Richard F; Rizzieri, David A; Reshef, Ran; Saad, Ayman; Savani, Bipin N; Schouten, Harry C; Smith, Sonali M; Socié, Gérard; Wirk, Baldeep; Yu, Lolie C; Saber, Wael

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) on the relapse rate of different lymphoma subtypes after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). Adult patients with a diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma (FL), peripheral T cell lymphoma, or mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) undergoing HLA-identical sibling or unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation between 1997 and 2009 were included. Two thousand six hundred eleven cases were included. A reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen was used in 62.8% of the transplantations. In a multivariate analysis of myeloablative cases (n = 970), neither acute (aGVHD) nor chronic GVHD (cGVHD) were significantly associated with a lower incidence of relapse/progression in any lymphoma subtype. In contrast, the analysis of RIC cases (n = 1641) showed that cGVHD was associated with a lower incidence of relapse/progression in FL (risk ratio [RR], .51; P = .049) and in MCL (RR, .41; P = .019). Patients with FL or MCL developing both aGVHD and cGVHD had the lowest risk of relapse (RR, .14; P = .007; and RR, .15; P = .0019, respectively). Of interest, the effect of GVHD on decreasing relapse was similar in patients with sensitive disease and chemoresistant disease. Unfortunately, both aGVHD and cGVHD had a deleterious effect on treatment-related mortality and overall survival (OS) in FL cases but did not affect treatment-related mortality, OS or PFS in MCL. This study reinforces the use of RIC allo-HCT as a platform for immunotherapy in FL and MCL patients.

  18. Tyrosine-phosphatase and glutamate-decarboxylase antibodies after simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation: do they have an impact on pancreas graft survival?

    PubMed

    Rodelo-Haad, C; Aguera, M L; Martinez-Vaquera, S; Pendon-Ruiz de Mier, M V; Salmeron-Rodriguez, M D; Esquivias, E; Navarro, M D; Rodriguez-Benot, A; Aljama, P

    2015-01-01

    The pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with auto-antibodies. These auto-antibodies contribute to pancreatic ß-cell destruction. Tyrosine-phosphatases (IA-2) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) are the most frequently used by clinicians. When T1DM patients develops advanced chronic kidney disease, simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation becomes the best option. However, pancreatic graft survival is limited. The role of the auto-antibodies on pancreas graft survival remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess pancreas graft survival according to the presence of GAD65 and IA-2 auto-antibodies after SPK transplantation. We analyzed all SPK transplantations performed in our hospital since January 1990 to December 2013 with at least 30 days of pancreas graft survival. We collected demographic and clinical variables from donors and recipients. Graft failure was defined as complete insulin independence after transplantation. Pancreatic graft survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Overall, 152 SPK transplantations were performed during the period. One hundred sixteen were accessed for de novo post-transplantation auto-antibodies. Also, 17.8% (n = 27) were positive for anti-GAD65, 13.8% (n = 20) for IA-2, 3.9% (n = 6) were positive for both, and the rest were negative for any auto-antibody (n = 63). Kaplan-Meier survival curves estimated a worst pancreas graft survival for patients with positive IA-2 antibodies versus those patients with negative auto-antibodies and GAD65+auto-antibodies (P = .003 and .022, respectively, by log-rank). Mean pancreas graft survival rates at first and fifth year were 72% and 64%, respectively, for those patients with positive IA-2. IA-2 antibodies after SPK transplantation are associated with long-term graft lost compared with the rest of the groups. Monitoring of these auto-antibodies after SPK may help to identify patients with a higher risk of graft failure. Copyright

  19. Simultaneous ipsilateral femoral and tibial lengthening with the Ilizarov method.

    PubMed

    Curran, A R; Kuo, K N; Lubicky, J P

    1999-01-01

    Eight pediatric patients who underwent nine simultaneous ipsilateral femoral and tibial lengthenings with the Ilizarov external fixator were reviewed. The patient's demographics, diagnoses, corticotomy levels, mechanical axes, healing indices, amounts of lengthening, and complications were recorded. The patients' average age was 8 years 10 months (5 years 4 months-15 years 10 months) with an average follow-up of 49 months (30-88 months). The percentage of femoral lengthening averaged 16.7% (8-23%) with an average healing index of 28 days/cm (20-38 days/cm). The percentage of tibial lengthening averaged 18% (9.6-23.6%) with an average healing index of 29 days/cm (1940 days/cm). Four complications in three patients occurred as a direct result of the lengthening process. Three of the complications involved soft-tissue contractures, which were each successfully treated with one additional surgical procedure, whereas the fourth complication involved poor bone regeneration and required bone grafting and additional immobilization.

  20. Infected Groin (Graft/Patch): Managed with Sartorious Muscle Flap.

    PubMed

    Ryu, Dong Yeon; Jung, Hyuk Jae; Ramaiah, Venkaesh G; Rodriguez-Lopez, Julio A; Lee, Sang Su

    2016-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to review the natural history, clinical outcome and safety in patients undergoing sartorius muscle flap (SMF) for groin infection, including lymphocele. We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent SMF in a single center between 2000 and 2009. Thirty patients (17 male, 13 female) underwent SMF for groin infection, which included infections of 22 artificial femoral bypass grafts (including 2 cryoveins) and 5 common femoral patch grafts, and 3 lymphocele infections (2 cardiac catheterizations and 1 penile cancer lymph node dissection). Wound isolates were most commonly Gram-positive organisms (n=22) with Gram-negative isolates and mixed infections accounting for 4 and 3 cases, respectively. In 9 patients there was no growth of organisms. Adjunctive wound vacuum-asssisted wound closure therapy was performed in 18 patients. Follow-up duration ranged from 8 days to 56 months (mean 14.1 months) after SMF. Reoperation was performed in 3 patients due to wound bleeding (n=1) and reinfection (n=1). One patient underwent graft excision with external bypass operation. There was 1 mortality case due to sepsis during the study period. We found that muscle flap surgery provides successful single-intervention therapy for groin infections including lymphocele. Graft ligation or aggressive excision with bypass surgery should be reserved for patients requiring rapid control of sepsis for lifesaving.

  1. [Effect of continuous femoral nerve catheter length on blockade of femoral nerve, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and obturator nerve].

    PubMed

    Zhu, Feng; Hu, Yan; Zhang, Wei

    2013-02-18

    To assess the effects of length of continuous femoral catheter on blockade of femoral nerve, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and obturator nerve. In the study, 70 patients with American Association of Anesthesiologist grades I-II undergoing total knee arthroplasty were randomly divided into three groups, femoral nerve catheters were inserted 5 cm, 10 cm or 20 cm with assistance of a nerve stimulator, patient-controlled analgesia pumps were connected after load of 30 mL 0.3% ropivacaine via the catheters. Sensory blockade of the femoral nerve, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and obturator nerve were recorded at 24 h postoperatively. Visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores during rest and motion were recorded at 24 h and 48 h postoperatively. The blockade effect of lateral femoral nerve in the 20 cm group was the best. There was no significant difference in sensory blockade between the 5 cm group and the 10 cm group. There was no significant difference in VAS score among the three groups. When continuous femoral nerve block is used for postoperative analgesia after total knee arthroplasty surgery, the catheters that are inserted 5 cm, 10 cm or 20 cm could provide similar and satisfying analgesia effect.

  2. Outcomes after trifocal femoral fractures.

    PubMed

    Griffin, Michelle; Dick, Alastair G; Umarji, Shamim

    2014-01-01

    Trifocal femur fractures are those of the femoral neck, diaphysis, and distal femur. These high-energy injuries predominantly occur in young people with the potential for long-term complications and disability. We present the cases of two men who were treated with proximal dynamic hip screws and distal periarticular locking plates to effectively manage trifocal femur fractures. Our cases have shown union at 2 years with good functional outcomes without the need for reintervention. We provide evidence for a successful surgical treatment option for these rare and complex injuries.

  3. Outcomes after Trifocal Femoral Fractures

    PubMed Central

    Griffin, Michelle; Dick, Alastair G.; Umarji, Shamim

    2014-01-01

    Trifocal femur fractures are those of the femoral neck, diaphysis, and distal femur. These high-energy injuries predominantly occur in young people with the potential for long-term complications and disability. We present the cases of two men who were treated with proximal dynamic hip screws and distal periarticular locking plates to effectively manage trifocal femur fractures. Our cases have shown union at 2 years with good functional outcomes without the need for reintervention. We provide evidence for a successful surgical treatment option for these rare and complex injuries. PMID:24800097

  4. Management of secondary hemorrhage from early graft failure in military extremity wounds.

    PubMed

    Greer, Lauren T; Patel, Bhavin; Via, Katherine C; Bowman, Jonathan N; Weber, Michael A; Fox, Charles J

    2012-10-01

    Secondary hemorrhage after a dehisced vascular reconstruction is a dreaded complication, yet few reports describe the initial management and outcome of casualties with ruptured grafts from military wounds. We aimed to report a single-center experience of graft ruptures after evacuation of casualties to a tertiary hospital in the continental United States. Trauma records of US combat casualties were retrospectively reviewed from April 2005 to August 2007. Casualties who underwent an extremity vascular reconstruction in Iraq or Afghanistan and experienced a ruptured graft were included. Ten graft ruptures (mean time, 14 days) occurred during the study period. All casualties were males with penetrating injuries by secondary blast effects (5, 50%) or gunshot wounds (5, 50%). Mean age and Injury Severity Score were 28.2 years (range, 20-41 years) and 21.1 (range 10-32), respectively. Repairs were performed on the superficial femoral (4, 40%), popliteal (2, 20%), brachial (1, 10%), axillary (1, 10%), iliac (1, 10%), and common femoral (1, 10%) arteries using reversed saphenous vein grafts (10, 100%). Initial management included control of hemorrhage and extra-anatomic reconstruction with a vein graft (4), prosthetic graft (4), end-to-end anatomosis (1), or primary amputation (1). Secondary complications in those 10 limbs requiring reintervention included 4 thrombotic graft failures (40%), and 1 transfemoral amputation from a graft infection. Ruptures were frequently associated with long-bone fractures (6, 60%), large soft tissue open wounds (5, 50%) and infection (7, 70%). At a mean follow-up of 37 months, the amputation rate in this series was 30%, with an amputation-free survival of 70%. Contaminated military wounds with bony fractures may predispose a graft of any type (vein or prosthetic) to anastomotic dehiscence. Wounds must be carefully debrided, and when grafts cannot be covered with viable muscle, they should be routed around the zone of injury. Therapeutic

  5. Composite vascularized skin/bone graft model: a viable source for vascularized bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Siemionow, Maria; Ulusal, Betul G; Ozmen, Selahattin; Ulusal, Ali E; Ozer, Kagan

    2004-01-01

    In this study, we introduce a new model for vascularized skin and bone marrow transplantation. Twenty-five Lewis (RT1(1)) rats were studied. Anatomic dissection studies were performed in 5 animals. In the experimental group, 10 isograft transplantations were performed between Lewis rats. Combined groin skin and femoral bone flaps were transplanted based on the femoral artery and vein. Transplants were evaluated on a daily basis. All flaps survived without problems over 100 days posttransplant. The skin component remained pink and pliable, and grew new hair. Histological examination of the femoral bone (except the femoral head) revealed active hematopoiesis with a viable compact and cancellous bone components on day 100 posttransplant. This model can be applied to tolerance induction studies across the major Histocompatibility (MHC) barrier, where bone will serve as donor of stem and progenitor cells, and the skin flap will serve as a monitor of graft rejection.

  6. Implant Size Availability Affects Reproduction of Distal Femoral Anatomy.

    PubMed

    Morris, William Z; Gebhart, Jeremy J; Goldberg, Victor M; Wera, Glenn D

    2016-07-01

    A total knee arthroplasty system offers more distal femoral implant anterior-posterior (AP) sizes than its predecessor. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of increased size availability on an implant system's ability to reproduce the AP dimension of the native distal femur. We measured 200 cadaveric femora with the AP-sizing guides of Zimmer (Warsaw, IN) NexGen (8 sizes) and Zimmer Persona (12 sizes) total knee arthroplasty systems. We defined "size deviation" as the difference in the AP dimension between the anatomic size of the native femur and the closest implant size. We defined satisfactory reproduction of distal femoral dimensions as < 1 mm difference between the implant and native femur size. The NexGen system was associated with a mean 0.46 mm greater implant size deviation than Persona (p < 0.001). When using a 1 mm size deviation as a cutoff for satisfactory replication of the native distal femoral anatomy, 85/200 specimens (42.5%) were a poor fit by NexGen, but a satisfactory fit by Persona. Only 1/200 specimens (0.5%) was a poor fit by Persona, but a satisfactory fit by NexGen (p < 0.001). The novel knee system with 12 versus 8 sizes reproduces the AP dimension of the native distal femur more closely than its predecessor. Further study is needed to determine the clinical impact of these differences.

  7. Unusual presentation of a femoral stress fracture

    PubMed Central

    Ejnisman, Leandro; Wajnsztejn, Andre; Queiroz, Roberto Dantas; Ejnisman, Benno

    2013-01-01

    Stress fractures are common injuries in sports medicine. Among these fractures, femoral neck stress fractures frequently have a benign course, especially when it happens in the medial aspect of the neck. This case report describes a stress fracture of the medial aspect of the femoral neck that developed a complete fracture and underwent surgical fixation. PMID:23283621

  8. Amputation risk factors in concomitant superficial femoral artery and vein injuries.

    PubMed Central

    Phifer, T J; Gerlock, A J; Vekovius, W A; Rich, N M; McDonald, J C

    1984-01-01

    Only a small subset of patients with combined superficial femoral artery and vein injuries results in amputation. The importance of the venous component as a risk factor for amputation is uncertain. Ligation vs. reconstruction of venous injuries is controversial. For clarification of these issues, we analyzed retrospectively multiple risk factors for amputation in combined superficial femoral artery and vein injuries in a civilian population. There were 25 patients treated in a 20-year period. Sixteen injuries were caused by small caliber missiles, six by shotgun blasts, and three by knife wounds. Three patients (12%) ultimately underwent amputation. The major risk factor for amputation was method of vascular reconstruction. All three amputations underwent ligation of the superficial femoral vein with arterial reconstruction by placement of a reversed interposition saphenous vein graft (p = 0.0009). None of the remaining 22 patients with salvaged limbs underwent reconstruction by this combination of techniques. Consequently, the authors emphasize the importance of venous reconstruction, particularly in combined injuries with major arterial involvement requiring interposed grafts. PMID:6696539

  9. Subtalar Distraction Arthrodesis with Fresh Frozen Femoral Neck Allograft: A Retrospective Case Series.

    PubMed

    Monaco, Spencer J; Brandao, Roberto A; Manway, Jeffrey M; Burns, Patrick R

    2016-10-01

    Subtalar joint distraction arthrodesis has been well reported with use of structural iliac crest or local autologous bone graft for malunited calcaneal fractures. Early reports for structural allograft did not yield good, consistent results, leading to a subsequent lack of recommendation in previous literature. Newer studies have had promising results utilizing femoral allograft as an alternative to autogenous bone graft. We performed a retrospective chart review on 10 patients (12 feet) undergoing subtalar joint distraction arthrodesis with femoral neck allograft for malunited calcaneal fractures. The primary aim of this study was to report on successful union rates and, in addition, outline any consistent complications. Twelve of the 12 procedures (100%) yielded successful fusion with a mean final follow-up of 7.7 months (range = 2.2-35.1 months). The mean increase in talocalcaneal height was 4 mm (range = 2-6 mm). The overall complication rate was 16.6%, including one superficial wound complication that healed uneventfully and one hardware removal. In conclusion, the current study reports a 100% successful fusion rate with interpositional structural femoral neck allograft in treatment for malunited calcaneal fractures. Therapeutic, Level IV: Case series. © 2016 The Author(s).

  10. Correlation between Femoral Guidewire Position and Tunnel Communication in Double Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sang Hyuk; Choi, Jun Young; Kim, Dong Hee; Kang, Bun Jung; Nam, Dae Cheol; Yoon, Hong Kwon

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The object of this study was to determine the shortest possible distances of antero-medial (AM) and postero-lateral (PL) guide wire tunnel positions required to prevent femoral bone tunnel communication in double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using human cadaver knees. Materials and Methods The centers of femoral AM and PL bundles of 16 cadaveric knees were drilled with guide wires and the distances of guide wires, were measured upon entrance into the bone. Femoral tunnel drilling was performed using transportal technique. The diameters of AM and PL graft were 8 mm and 6 mm, respectively. CT scans were taken on each knee, and 3-dimensional models were constructed to identify the femoral tunnel position and to create AM and PL tunnel virtual cylinders. Thickness of the bone bridge between the two tunnels was measured. Results In four out of six specimens, in which the guide wires were placed at less than or equal to 9 mm, communication was noted. In specimens with guide wires placed at distances greater than or equal to 10 mm, communication was not noted. The two groups showed a statistically significant difference (p=0.008). In cases where the distance between the AM and PL femoral tunnel guide wires was 12 mm, the bone bridge thickness was greater than 2 mm along the tunnel. Conclusion The technique for double bundle-anterior cruciate ligament (DB-ACL) reconstruction that we show here can avoid bone tunnel communication when AM and PL femoral guide wires are placed at least 10 mm apart, and 12 mm should be kept to preserve 2 mm bone bridge thickness. PMID:25323896

  11. Relaxation response in femoral angiography.

    PubMed

    Mandle, C L; Domar, A D; Harrington, D P; Leserman, J; Bozadjian, E M; Friedman, R; Benson, H

    1990-03-01

    Immediately before they underwent femoral angiography, 45 patients were given one of three types of audiotapes: a relaxation response tape recorded for this study, a tape of contemporary instrumental music, or a blank tape. All patients were instructed to listen to their audiotape during the entire angiographic procedure. Each audiotape was played through earphones. Radiologists were not told the group assignment or tape contents. The patients given the audiotape with instructions to elicit the relaxation response (n = 15) experienced significantly less anxiety (P less than .05) and pain (P less than .001) during the procedure, were observed by radiology nurses to exhibit significantly less pain (P less than .001) and anxiety (P less than .001), and requested significantly less fentanyl citrate (P less than .01) and diazepam (P less than .01) than patients given either the music (n = 14) or the blank (n = 16) control audiotapes. Elicitation of the relaxation response is a simple, inexpensive, efficacious, and practical method to reduce pain, anxiety, and medication during femoral angiography and may be useful in other invasive procedures.

  12. Donor site morbidity with reamer-irrigator-aspirator (RIA) use for autogenous bone graft harvesting in a single centre 204 case series.

    PubMed

    Qvick, Lars M; Ritter, Christopher A; Mutty, Christopher E; Rohrbacher, Bernhard J; Buyea, Cathy M; Anders, Mark J

    2013-10-01

    Donor site morbidity and complication rate using the reamer-irrigator-aspirator (RIA) system for intramedullary, non-structural autogenous bone graft harvesting were investigated in a retrospective chart and radiographic review at a University affiliated Level-1 Trauma Centre. 204 RIA procedures in 184 patients were performed between 1/1/2007 and 12/31/2010. RIA-indication was bone graft harvesting in 201 (98.5%), and intramedullary irrigation and debridement in 3 (1.5%) cases. Donor sites were: femur - antegrade 175, retrograde 4, tibia - antegrade 7, retrograde 18. Sixteen patients had undergone two RIA procedures, two had undergone three procedures, all using different donor sites. In 4 cases, same bone harvesting was done twice. Mean volume of bone graft harvested was 47 ± 22ml (20-85 ml). The complication rate was 1.96% (N=4). Operative revisions included 2 retrograde femoral nails for supracondylar femur fractures 6 and 41 days postoperatively (antegrade femoral RIA), 1 trochanteric entry femoral nail (subtrochanteric fracture) 17 days postoperatively (retrograde femoral RIA) and 1 prophylactic stabilization with a trochanteric entry femoral nail for intraoperative posterior femoral cortex penetration without fracture. In our centre, the RIA technique has a low donor site morbidity and has been successfully implemented for harvesting large volumes of nonstructural autogenous bone graft.

  13. Cartilage repair with autogenic perichondrium cell and polylactic acid grafts.

    PubMed

    Dounchis, J S; Bae, W C; Chen, A C; Sah, R L; Coutts, R D; Amiel, D

    2000-08-01

    The repair of articular cartilage injuries remains a challenge, with many of the current therapeutic strategies based on the grafting or recruitment of chondrogenic tissues or cells. This 1-year study compared the repair of a 3.7-mm diameter by 3-mm deep osteochondral defect in the medial femoral condyle of 24 New Zealand White rabbits; the defect was obtained using an autogenic perichondrium cell polylactic acid composite graft with a contralateral control in which the osteochondral defect remained empty. To elucidate the effect of host immune responses on the repair process after perichondrium cell transplantation, the results of the autogenic perichondrium cell polylactic acid graft group were compared with those obtained in the authors' previous 1-year study of allogenic perichondrium cell polylactic acid composite grafts implanted in a similar model. One year after surgery, the repair site underwent gross inspection and histologic, histomorphometric, biochemical, and biomechanical analyses. The autogenic perichondrium cell polylactic acid graft group (92%) and the control group in which the osteochondral defect remained empty (88%) resulted in a high percentage of grossly acceptable repairs. The autogenic grafts appeared to augment the intrinsic healing capacity of the animals (as compared with the animals in the No Implant Group). The autogenic perichondrium cell polylactic and grafts improved the histologic appearance and percentage of Type II collagen of the cartilaginous repair tissue. Compared with allogenic grafts, the autogenic grafts had better reconstitution of the subchondral bone. However, the results of this experimental model suggest a suboptimal concentration of glycosaminoglycans in the neocartilage matrix, a depressed surface of the repair tissue, a histologic appearance that was not equivalent to that of normal articular cartilage, and reduced biomechanical properties for the repair tissue. The future application of growth factors to this

  14. A Patient with Recurrent Arteriovenous Graft Thrombosis

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) are prone to frequent thrombosis that is superimposed on underlying hemodynamically significant stenosis, most commonly at the graft-vein anastomosis. There has been great interest in detecting AVG stenosis in a timely fashion and performing preemptive angioplasty, in the belief that this will prevent AVG thrombosis. Three surveillance methods (static dialysis venous pressure, flow monitoring, and duplex ultrasound) can detect AVG stenosis. Whereas observational studies have reported that surveillance with preemptive angioplasty substantially reduces AVG thrombosis, randomized clinical trials have failed to confirm such a benefit. There is a high frequency of early AVG restenosis after angioplasty caused by aggressive neointimal hyperplasia resulting from vascular injury. Stent grafts prevent AVG restenosis better than balloon angioplasty, but they do not prevent AVG thrombosis. Several pharmacologic interventions to prevent AVG failure have been evaluated in randomized clinical trials. Anticoagulation or aspirin plus clopidogrel do not prevent AVG thrombosis, but increase hemorrhagic events. Treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia does not prevent AVG thrombosis. Dipyridamole plus aspirin modestly decreases AVG stenosis or thrombosis. Fish oil substantially decreases the frequency of AVG stenosis and thrombosis. In patients who have exhausted all options for vascular access in the upper extremities, thigh AVGs are a superior option to tunneled internal jugular vein central vein catheters (CVCs). An immediate-use AVG is a reasonable option in patients with recurrent CVC dysfunction or infection. Tunneled femoral CVCs have much worse survival than internal jugular CVCs. PMID:25883073

  15. Femoral fixation strength following soft-tissue posterolateral corner reconstruction using fibular-based technique: Biomechanical analysis of four techniques in normal and low-density synthetic bone.

    PubMed

    Gallo, Robert A; Sathyendra, Vikram; Sharkey, Neil A; Lewis, Gregory S

    2015-12-01

    Optimal femoral fixation of soft-tissue grafts has been described for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Posterolateral corner reconstruction differs from ACL reconstruction in two ways: (a) soft-tissue fixation into the femur requires two tails and (b) the line of force is different. Our purpose was to determine the optimal femoral fixation of soft-tissue grafts during posterolateral corner reconstructions. We hypothesized that interference screw fixation is the strongest technique in normal-density lateral femoral condyle, whereas, cortically-based fixation techniques are stronger methods in low-density lateral femoral condyle. We evaluated elongation during cyclic loading, yield load, peak load-to-failure, and stiffness of four soft-tissue graft femoral fixation methods during posterolateral corner reconstruction. Our model included bovine flexor tendons and contoured synthetic bones. Grafts were secured to the lateral epicondyle in normal- or low-density bone models using spiked washer, button, interference screw, or button and interference screw. Five specimens for each were tested in each bone density. Analysis of variance using Tukey-Kramer adjustment for multiple hypothesis testing was used. Six cadaver bones whose density was analyzed using computerized tomography scan quantitation were tested using interference screw fixation. No method produced significantly stronger yield load or peak load-to-failure in normal-density bone. In low-density bone, cortically-based methods produced significantly higher yield load or peak load-to-failure. Yield load or peak load-to-failure was significantly higher in normal-density bone when using spiked washer or interference screw fixation. No femoral fixation method tested produced superior yield load or peak load-to-failure. Spiked washer and interference screw fixation are inferior fixation methods in low-density bone. For fibular-based posterolateral corner reconstructions, all fixation methods tested are

  16. Dynamic Simulation of the Effects of Graft Fixation Errors During Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Elias, John J.; Kelly, Michael J.; Smith, Kathryn E.; Gall, Kenneth A.; Farr, Jack

    2016-01-01

    Background: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is performed to prevent recurrent instability, but errors in femoral fixation can elevate graft tension. Hypothesis: Errors related to femoral fixation will overconstrain the patella and increase medial patellofemoral pressures. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: Five knees with patellar instability were represented with computational models. Kinematics during knee extension were characterized from computational reconstruction of motion performed within a dynamic computed tomography (CT) scanner. Multibody dynamic simulation of knee extension, with discrete element analysis used to quantify contact pressures, was performed for the preoperative condition and after MPFL reconstruction. A standard femoral attachment and graft resting length were set for each knee. The resting length was decreased by 2 mm, and the femoral attachment was shifted 5 mm posteriorly. The simulated errors were also combined. Root-mean-square errors were quantified for the comparison of preoperative patellar lateral shift and tilt between computationally reconstructed motion and dynamic simulation. Simulation output was compared between the preoperative and MPFL reconstruction conditions with repeated-measures Friedman tests and Dunnett comparisons against a control, which was the standard MPFL condition, with statistical significance set at P < .05. Results: Root-mean-square errors for simulated patellar tilt and shift were 5.8° and 3.3 mm, respectively. Patellar lateral tracking for the preoperative condition was significantly larger near full extension compared with the standard MPFL reconstruction (mean differences of 8 mm and 13° for shift and tilt, respectively, at 0°), and lateral tracking was significantly smaller for a posterior femoral attachment (mean differences of 3 mm and 4° for shift and tilt, respectively, at 0°). The maximum medial pressure was also larger for the short graft with a

  17. Impact of Intraoperative Continuous-Infusion Versus Intermittent Dosing of Cefazolin Therapy on the Incidence of Surgical Site Infections After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

    PubMed

    Shoulders, Bethany R; Crow, Jessica R; Davis, Stephanie L; Whitman, Glenn J; Gavin, Melanie; Lester, Laeban; Barodka, Viachaslau; Dzintars, Kathryn

    2016-02-01

    To determine whether intraoperative continuous-infusion (CI) cefazolin reduces the incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) compared with intermittent (INT) cefazolin dosing in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); safety end points and protocol adherence comparing the two dosing strategies were also explored. Retrospective quasi-experimental (pre-post intervention) cohort study. Large academic medical center. A total of 516 adults who underwent CABG on CPB and received cefazolin intraoperatively between June 1, 2013, and December 31, 2014, were included. The INT cohort included 284 patients who underwent CABG from June 2013 to February 2014. The CI cohort included 232 patients who underwent CABG from April to December 2014, after an intraoperative CI cefazolin protocol for cardiac surgery patients undergoing CPB was adopted in March 2014. The primary end point was incidence of SSIs, and safety end points of renal dysfunction and seizures were evaluated. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the impact on SSIs when controlling for other risk factors. A subgroup analysis for this study included 2 months within each time period to evaluate protocol adherence. The overall incidence of SSIs was decreased in patients receiving CI cefazolin, although this did not reach statistical significance (4.6% in the INT cohort vs 1.7% in the CI cohort, p=0.116). Superficial SSIs were significantly reduced in the CI cohort (2.8% in the INT cohort vs 0.4% in the CI cohort, p=0.039). In the regression analysis, CI cefazolin decreased the odds of SSI by 66%, although it did not reach statistical significance (p=0.077). Safety end points were not significantly different between groups. Overall protocol adherence did not differ significantly between the cohorts: 77% in the INT cohort and 67% in the CI cohort (p=0.212). CI cefazolin significantly decreased the incidence of superficial SSIs compared with

  18. Impact of venous systemic oxygen persufflation supplemented with nitric oxide gas on cold-stored, warm ischemia-damaged experimental liver grafts.

    PubMed

    Srinivasan, Pramod Kadaba; Yagi, Shintaro; Doorschodt, Benedict; Nagai, Kazuyuki; Afify, Mamdouh; Uemoto, Shinji; Tolba, Rene

    2012-02-01

    The increasing shortage of donor organs has led to the increasing use of organs from non-heart-beating donors. We aimed to assess the impact of venous systemic oxygen persufflation (VSOP) supplemented with nitric oxide (NO) gas during the cold storage (CS) of warm ischemia (WI)-damaged experimental liver grafts. Rat livers (n = 5 per group) were retrieved after 30 minutes of WI induced by cardiac arrest (the WI group) and were thereafter preserved for 24 hours by CS in histidine tryptophan ketoglutarate solution. During CS, gaseous oxygen was insufflated via the caval vein with 40 ppm NO (the VSOP-NO group) or without NO (the VSOP group). Cold-stored livers without WI served as controls. Liver viability was assessed after the preservation period by normothermic isolated reperfusion for 45 minutes with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer. After 45 minutes of reperfusion, the VSOP-NO-treated livers showed significantly lower alanine aminotransferase values than the WI-damaged livers (10.2 ± 0.2 versus 78.2 ± 14.6 IU/L), whereas the control livers showed no differences from the VSOP-NO-treated livers. The mitochondrial enzyme release was lower in the VSOP-NO group (4.0 ± 0.7 IU/L) versus the WI group (18.2 ± 4.9 IU/L). An increased portal vein pressure was observed throughout reperfusion (45 minutes) in the WI group (21.7 ± 0.2 mm Hg) versus the VSOP-NO group (12.2 ± 0.8 mm Hg) and the control group (19.9 ± 0.4 mm Hg). Furthermore, the NO concentration in the perfusate after 5 minutes of reperfusion was highest in the VSOP-NO group. The release of malondialdehyde into the perfusate was significantly reduced in the VSOP-NO group (0.9 ± 0.1 nmol/mL) versus the WI group (31.3 ± 5.3 nmol/mL). In conclusion, the resuscitation of livers after 30 minutes of WI to a level comparable to that of nonischemically damaged livers is possible with VSOP supplemented with NO gas. Moreover, the application of VSOP with NO minimizes the extent of injuries caused by oxygen free

  19. Repeat corneal graft failure due to graft-to-host herpetic infection

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Herein, we present the case of a young female patient with keratoconus, who was subjected twice to repeat keratoplasty, and each time, she experienced a corneal graft failure. Findings Under the suspicion of herpetic eye disease, we administered topical and systemic anti-herpetic treatment after the second repeat keratoplasty. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the corneal graft is clear, until recently. Immunohistochemistry and DNA-polymerase chain reaction were negative for herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) in the host cornea, but they detected HSV-1 in both transplanted corneal grafts, thereby supporting our clinical hypothesis that graft-to-host HSV-1 infection elicited this chain reaction of complications in our patient. Conclusion This clinical report illustrates in a unique way the dramatic impact an unsuspected herpetic infection in the corneal graft in cases of keratoplasty may have and underscores the necessity of suspecting and adequately treating these distinct cases. PMID:23514192

  20. Overestimation of femoral tunnel length during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the retrograde outside-in drilling technique.

    PubMed

    Okazaki, Ken; Osaki, Kanji; Nishikawa, Kazutaka; Matsubara, Hirokazu; Tashiro, Yasutaka; Iwamoto, Yukihide

    2016-08-01

    When the femoral tunnel socket is reamed in an oblique direction from the wall of inter-condylar notch in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the tunnel length can be shorter at the periphery than at the centre. Because surgeons can manipulate the direction of tunnel in the outside-in femoral tunnel drilling technique, this length mismatch would vary depending on the direction of the tunnel. The purpose of this study was to investigate this length mismatch when reamed in various directions. In total of thirteen points were defined as femoral drilling entry points on concentric lines with 0, 1, 2, and 3 cm radius from the lateral epicondyle of a three-dimensional bone model from 40 subjects. Femoral tunnel drilling was simulated on the models by connecting the centre of the ACL footprint with each defined point on the lateral femoral surface. The mismatch length was measured between the centre and the shortest peripheral side of the tunnel socket. When the distance between the drilling entry point on the lateral femoral surface and the lateral epicondyle was increased to anterior proximal direction, there was a significant increase in the mismatch length. The mismatch length became more than 2 mm when the entry point was located more than 2 cm away from the lateral epicondyle. When the drilling entry point is set far away from the lateral epicondyle, a significant increase was observed in tunnel length mismatch between the centre of the tunnel and its shortest peripheral side. Because the tunnel length is measured with a guide pin introduced at the centre of the tunnel before reaming in retrograde outside-in technique, this length mismatch could cause an overestimation of the tunnel length. Surgeons should recognise this mismatch when preparing the length of graft and socket to optimise the graft insertion length into the socket.

  1. Bioactive Polymer Grafting onto Titanium Alloy Surfaces for Improved Osteointegration

    PubMed Central

    Michiardi, Alexandra; Hélary, Gérard; Nguyen, Phuong-Cac Thi; Gamble, Lara J.; Anagnostou, Fani; Castner, David G.; Migonney, Véronique

    2013-01-01

    Bioactive polymers bearing sulfonate (styrene sodium sulfonate, NaSS) and carboxylate (methylacrylic acid, MA) groups were grafted onto Ti6Al4V alloy surfaces by a two-step procedure. The Ti alloy surfaces were first chemically oxidized in a piranha solution and then directly subjected to radical polymerization at 70°C in absence of oxygen. The grafted surfaces were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) and the Toluidin blue colorimetric method. Toluidin blue results showed 1 to 5 μg/cm2 of polymer was grafted onto the oxidized Ti surfaces. Grafting resulted in a decrease in the XPS Ti and O signals from the underlying Ti substrate and a corresponding increase in the XPS C and S signals from the polymer layer. The ToF-SIMS intensities of the S− and SO− ions correlated linearly with the XPS atomic percent S concentrations and the ToF-SIMS intensity of the TiO3H2− ion correlated linearly with the XPS atomic percent Ti concentration. Thus, the ToF-SIMS S−, SO− and TiO3H2− intensities can be used to quantify composition and amount of grafted polymer. ToF-SIMS also detected ions that were more characteristic of the polymer molecular structure (C6H4SO3− and C8H7SO3− from NaSS, C4H5O2− from MA), but the intensity of these peaks depended on the polymer thickness and composition. An in vitro cell culture test was carried out with human osteoblast-like cells to assess the influence of the grafted polymers on cell response. Cell adhesion after 30 min of incubation showed significant differences between the grafted and un-grafted surfaces. The NaSS grafted surfaces showed the highest degree of cell adhesion while the MA-NaSS grafted surfaces showed the lowest degree of cell adhesion. After 4 weeks in vivo in rabbit femoral bones bone was observed to be in direct contact with all implants. The percent of mineralized tissue around the implants was similar for NaSS grafted and non-grafted

  2. Long-term Effects of Delayed Graft Function on Pancreas Graft Survival After Pancreas Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Shin, Sung; Han, Duck Jong; Kim, Young Hoon; Han, Seungbong; Choi, Byung Hyun; Jung, Joo Hee; Cho, Han Kyung

    2014-12-27

    Compared with the impact of delayed graft function (DGF) after renal transplantation, DGF after pancreas transplantation has not been fully evaluated. We retrospectively verified the impact of DGF on long-term pancreas graft survival in surgically successful cases. Pancreas graft failure was defined by the recipient's return to exogenous insulin administration. Between May 2004 and April 2013, we performed 135 technically successful primary pancreas transplantations. Delayed graft function was defined as a total cumulative insulin requirement of 19 UI or greater within postoperative 7 days. Of the 135 recipients in our study cohort, 47 (34.8%) developed DGF after the pancreas transplantation. By multivariate analysis, DGF was found to be associated with a donor age of 30 years or older (odds ratio, 3.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.50-7.69; P=0.003) and the increased ratio of body mass index in a recipient to a donor (odds ratio, 26.1; 95% confidence interval, 2.53-270.0; P=0.006). There was a trend toward higher acute rejection (P=0.622) and mortality (P=0.49) rates in recipients with versus without DGF, although this did not reach statistical significance. Delayed graft function was found to be associated with a greater risk of overall pancreas graft failure (P=0.016) and death-censored graft failure (P=0.037). Delayed graft function after pancreas transplantation was found to be associated with a greater risk of overall pancreas graft failure and death-censored graft failure.

  3. The impact of HLA-E polymorphisms in graft-versus-host disease following HLA-E matched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Hosseini, Ehteramolsadat; Schwarer, Anthony P; Ghasemzadeh, Mehran

    2012-03-01

    The non-classical MHC class-I mainly involves in the regulation of innate immune responses where HLA-E plays a significant role in the cell identification by natural killer cells. HLA-E is a main regulatory ligand for natural killer cells and given the importance of these effector cells in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, we investigated the effect of HLA-E polymorphisms on post-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation outcomes. The study group included 56 donor-patient pairs with underlying malignant hematological disorders undergoing HLA-E matched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. They were genotyped for HLA-E locus using a sequence specific primer-polymerase chain reaction. The median follow-up was 20.6 months (range 0.2-114.8) and the parameters assessed were acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease and overall survival. We showed a lower frequency of acute graft-versus-host disease (grade II or more; p=0.02) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (extensive; p=0.04) in the patients with HLA-E*0103/0103 genotype compared to other genotypes of HLA-E. There was also an association between HLA-E*0103/0103 and improved overall survival (p=0.001). Conclusively, our results suggest a protective role for HLA-E*0103/0103 genotype against acute graft-versus-host disease (grade II or more) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (extensive) as well as an association between this genotype and a better overall survival after HLA-E matched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

  4. Impact of venous-systemic oxygen persufflation with nitric oxide gas on steatotic grafts after partial orthotopic liver transplantation in rats.

    PubMed

    Nagai, Kazuyuki; Yagi, Shintaro; Afify, Mamdouh; Bleilevens, Christian; Uemoto, Shinji; Tolba, Rene H

    2013-01-15

    Steatotic livers are associated with poor graft function after transplantation. We investigated the effects of venous-systemic oxygen persufflation with nitric oxide gas (VSOP-NO) on steatotic partial livers after transplantation. Steatotic livers induced by fasting for 2 days and subsequent refeeding for 3 days with a fat-free, carbohydrate-rich diet were reduced in size by 50% and transplanted into Lewis rats after 3 hr of cold storage in histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution. Gaseous oxygen with nitric oxide (40 ppm) was insufflated into the grafts through the suprahepatic vena cava during cold storage (VSOP-NO group; n=20). Transplantation of cold-static stored steatotic and normal grafts served as controls (Steatotic-Control and Normal-Control, respectively; n=20 for each group). The graft microcirculation and portal venous flow were increased by VSOP-NO compared with Steatotic-Control (P<0.001 for both). Serum alanine aminotransferase and interleukin-6 levels were lower in VSOP-NO versus Steatotic-Control group (P=0.03 for both). Messenger RNA expression for inducible nitric oxide synthase, which was increased in Steatotic-Control livers 3 hr after transplantation (P=0.02 vs. that at 1 hr), was suppressed by VSOP-NO. Although serum nitrite levels were decreased 1 hr after transplantation in Steatotic-Control (P=0.06 vs. Normal-Control), the VSOP-NO group showed increased levels comparable to Normal-Control. In livers 24 hr after transplantation, moderate vacuolization of hepatocytes by histology with the immunohistochemical expression of nitrotyrosine, indicative of nitrative stress, was found in Steatotic-Control, whereas these findings were less apparent in VSOP-NO-treated livers. Application of VSOP-NO for steatotic partial livers reduces hepatocellular damage and improves graft viability and microcirculation after transplantation.

  5. Principles of internal fixation and selection of implants for periprosthetic femoral fractures.

    PubMed

    Giannoudis, Peter V; Kanakaris, Nikolaos K; Tsiridis, Eleftherios

    2007-06-01

    Periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFF) are increasing as a result of changes in population demographics and the increase in the number of total hip replacements performed. The overall incidence has been reported to range from 0.1% to 6% of all total hip arthroplasties. Management of these fractures is often particularly demanding, complex and expensive. In many cases, the surgeon has to solve the simultaneous problems of implant loosening, bone loss and fracture. A thorough understanding of the unique characteristics of the different fracture types, the principles of PFF treatment and a familiarity with the various fixation devices, grafts and prosthetic implants are all of paramount importance. Internal fixation is used either alone or as an adjunct to stem revision. The stability of the original implant and the configuration of the fracture itself are the basic factors that influence the decision-making process. The current study reviews the existing literature on internal fixation of femoral periprosthetic fractures.

  6. Structural Femoral Shaft Allografts for Anterior Spinal Column Reconstruction in Osteoporotic Spines

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Bong-Soon; Jung, Jong-Hun; Park, Sang-Min; Lee, Seung Hoo; Lee, Choon-Ki

    2016-01-01

    This study was to investigate the clinical and radiographical outcomes of anterior spinal column reconstruction using structural femoral shaft allografts in osteoporotic patients. Retrospective analyses of medical records, radiographic parameters, and postoperative complications were performed in twenty-one patients who underwent anterior spinal column reconstruction surgery for osteoporotic vertebral collapse or nonunion. Surgical invasiveness, clinical outcomes, postoperative complications, and radiographic outcomes were evaluated. Ambulatory status and back pain significantly improved. The Cobb's angle of segmental kyphosis significantly improved immediately after surgery with slight progression at the final follow-up. There were two cases of failed reconstruction with marked progression of kyphosis; both were related to loosening of screws rather than subsidence of the graft. Anterior spinal column reconstruction using femoral shaft allografts improved kyphosis and resulted in minimal subsidence and therefore is recommended as an effective treatment option for dealing with osteoporotic vertebral collapse and kyphotic deformity. PMID:27995144

  7. Structural Femoral Shaft Allografts for Anterior Spinal Column Reconstruction in Osteoporotic Spines.

    PubMed

    Chang, Bong-Soon; Jung, Jong-Hun; Park, Sang-Min; Lee, Seung Hoo; Lee, Choon-Ki; Kim, Hyoungmin

    2016-01-01

    This study was to investigate the clinical and radiographical outcomes of anterior spinal column reconstruction using structural femoral shaft allografts in osteoporotic patients. Retrospective analyses of medical records, radiographic parameters, and postoperative complications were performed in twenty-one patients who underwent anterior spinal column reconstruction surgery for osteoporotic vertebral collapse or nonunion. Surgical invasiveness, clinical outcomes, postoperative complications, and radiographic outcomes were evaluated. Ambulatory status and back pain significantly improved. The Cobb's angle of segmental kyphosis significantly improved immediately after surgery with slight progression at the final follow-up. There were two cases of failed reconstruction with marked progression of kyphosis; both were related to loosening of screws rather than subsidence of the graft. Anterior spinal column reconstruction using femoral shaft allografts improved kyphosis and resulted in minimal subsidence and therefore is recommended as an effective treatment option for dealing with osteoporotic vertebral collapse and kyphotic deformity.

  8. Lateral femoral cutaneous neuralgia: an anatomical insight.

    PubMed

    Dias Filho, L C; Valença, M M; Guimarães Filho, F A V; Medeiros, R C; Silva, R A M; Morais, M G V; Valente, F P; França, S M L

    2003-07-01

    A detailed anatomic study was carried out on the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve to better understand the etiology and treatment of lateral femoral cutaneous neuralgia. As it passed from the pelvis into the thigh, the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve ran through an "aponeuroticofascial tunnel," beginning at the iliopubic tract and ending at the inguinal ligament; as it passed through the tunnel, an enlargement in its side-to-side diameter was observed, suggesting that the fascial structures proximal to the inguinal ligament may be implicated in the genesis of lateral femoral cutaneous neuralgia. The finding of pseudoneuromas at this location, distant from the inguinal ligament, supports this hypothesis. The anterior superior iliac spine is located approximately 0.7 cm from the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and serves as the bony landmark for nerve localization. Within the first 3 cm of leaving the pelvis, the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve was observed deep to the fascia lata; therefore, surgical dissection within the subcutaneous fascia may be conducted with relative impunity near the anterior superior iliac spine just inferior to the inguinal ligament. In 36% of cases there was no posterior branch of the nerve, which is correlated to lateral femoral cutaneous neuralgia symptoms often being limited to the anterior branch region. An accessory nerve was found in 30% of cases. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  9. An Unexpected Complication of Residual Fibular Strut Graft While Performing A Press fit Hemiarthroplasty for A Secondary Nonunion Fracture Neck of the Femur

    PubMed Central

    Huda, Najmul; Julfiqar; Pant, Ajay; Aslam, M

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Perioperative complications are well known during partial and total hip arthroplasty. One of the common categories of these complications is an intraoperative fractures of the proximal femur. Here we discuss a case of perforation of posteromedial cortex of the proximal femur, while doing a press fit modular bipolar hemiarthroplasty, in a young adult with secondary nonunion of the femoral neck fracture. The cause of this proximal femur perforation was residual fibular strut graft that, redirected the femoral stem into undesirable direction. This complication of residual fibular strut graft has not been disscussed much in the orthopedic literature previously. Case Report: A press fit modular bipolar hiparthroplasty was performed in a young adult male with nonunion fracture neck of the femur secondary to initial fixation using 6.5mm cannulated hip screws and nonvascularized free fibular strut grafting. Failure to completely remove the fibular strut from the proximal femur lead to difficult negotiation of the femoral stem into the femoral canal and ultimately a perforation in the proximal femur at the level of the lesser trochanter. A revision procedure was done to completely remove the residual fibular graft, and then a fresh press fit modular bipolar hemiarthroplasty was done. Conclusion: Complete removal of fibular strut graft should be done, while performing hip arthroplasty in patients with failed fibular grafting for fracture neck of the femur. PMID:27299067

  10. An unusual complication of femoral vein catheterisation: pneumoperitoneum.

    PubMed

    Yildizdas, D; Tepe, T; Parlak, M; Akcali, M

    2007-12-01

    A 2-month-old girl with severe pneumonia required a central venous line. Femoral vein catheterisation was attempted but insertion was difficult. Pneumoperitoneum developed, which is a rare complication of femoral vein catheterisation. It is important when undertaking femoral vein catheterisation to use the correct landmarks in the femoral triangle below the inguinal ligament and an appropriate size of catheter.

  11. Unilateral Isolated Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency

    PubMed Central

    Doğer, Emek; Köpük, Şule Y.; Çakıroğlu, Yiğit; Çakır, Özgür; Yücesoy, Gülseren

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To discuss a patient with a prenatal diagnosis of unilateral isolated femoral focal deficiency. Case. Antenatal diagnosis of unilateral isolated femoral focal deficiency was made at 20 weeks of gestation. The length of left femur was shorter than the right, and fetal femur length was below the fifth percentile. Proximal femoral focal deficiency was diagnosed. After delivery, the diagnosis was confirmed with skeletal radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging. In prenatal ultrasonographic examination, the early recognition and exclusion of skeletal dysplasias is important; moreover, treatment plans should be initiated, and valuable information should be provided to the family. PMID:23984135

  12. A biomechanical comparison of proximal femoral nails and locking proximal anatomic femoral plates in femoral fracture fixation

    PubMed Central

    Ozkan, Korhan; Türkmen, İsmail; Sahin, Adem; Yildiz, Yavuz; Erturk, Selim; Soylemez, Mehmet Salih

    2015-01-01

    Background: The incidence of fractures in the trochanteric area has risen with the increasing numbers of elderly people with osteoporosis. Although dynamic hip screw fixation is the gold standard for the treatment of stable intertrochanteric femur fractures, treatment of unstable intertrochanteric femur fractures still remains controversial. Intramedullary devices such as Gamma nail or proximal femoral nail and proximal anatomic femur plates are in use for the treatment of intertrochanteric femur fractures. There are still many investigations to find the optimal implant to treat these fractures with minimum complications. For this reason, we aimed to perform a biomechanical comparison of the proximal femoral nail and the locking proximal anatomic femoral plate in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures. Materials and Methods: Twenty synthetic, third generation human femur models, obtained for this purpose, were divided into two groups of 10 bones each. Femurs were provided as a standard representation of AO/Orthopedic Trauma Associationtype 31-A2 unstable fractures. Two types of implantations were inserted: the proximal femoral intramedullary nail in the first group and the locking anatomic femoral plate in the second group. Axial load was applied to the fracture models through the femoral head using a material testing machine, and the biomechanical properties of the implant types were compared. Result: Nail and plate models were locked distally at the same level. Axial steady load with a 5 mm/m velocity was applied through the mechanical axis of femur bone models. Axial loading in the proximal femoral intramedullary nail group was 1.78-fold greater compared to the plate group. All bones that had the plate applied were fractured in the portion containing the distal locking screw. Conclusion: The proximal femoral intramedullary nail provides more stability and allows for earlier weight bearing than the locking plate when used for the treatment of

  13. Subtrochanteric Femoral Fracture during Trochanteric Nailing for the Treatment of Femoral Shaft Fracture

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Chi Hun; Yi, Ju Won

    2013-01-01

    We report on three cases of subtrochanteric femoral fractures during trochanteric intramedullary nailing for the treatment of femoral shaft fractures. Trochanteric intramedullary nails, which have a proximal lateral bend, are specifically designed for trochanteric insertion. When combined with the modified insertion technique, trochanteric intramedullary nails reduce iatrogenic fracture comminution and varus malalignment. We herein describe technical aspects of trochanteric intramedullary nailing for femoral shaft fractures to improve its application and prevent implant-derived complications. PMID:24009910

  14. On the biology of saphenous vein grafts fitted with external synthetic sheaths and stents.

    PubMed

    Jeremy, Jamie Y; Gadsdon, Pat; Shukla, Nilima; Vijayan, Vikram; Wyatt, Marcella; Newby, Andrew C; Angelini, Gianni D

    2007-02-01

    Autologous saphenous vein is used as a conduit to bypass atherosclerotic lesions in both the coronary artery (coronary artery bypass graft surgery [CABG]) and in femoral arteries (infrainguinal bypass graft surgery [IIBS]). Despite the undoubted success and benefits of the procedures, graft failure occurs in 50% of cases within 10 years after surgery. A principal cause of late vein graft failure is intimal and medial hyperplasia and superimposed atherogenesis. Apart from lipid lowering therapy, no intervention has hitherto proved clinically effective in preventing late vein graft failure which clearly constitutes a major clinical and economic problem that needs to be urgently resolved. However, we have studied the effect of external synthetic stents and sheaths in pig models of vein into artery interposition grafting and found them to have a profound effect on vein graft remodelling and thickening. In this review, therefore, we will summarise the mechanisms underlying vein graft failure and how these stents influence these processes and the possible mechanisms involved as well as the application of these devices in preventing vein graft failure clinically.

  15. The use of covered nitinol stents to salvage dialysis grafts after multiple failures.

    PubMed

    Naoum, Joseph J; Irwin, Chance; Hunter, Glenn C

    2006-01-01

    The increasing number of patients requiring hemodialysis and the limited number of access sites have resulted in an increase in multiple graft revisions to maintain access for hemodialysis. Venous outflow or anastomotic stenoses in vascular grafts tend to recur and contribute to the difficulty in maintaining a functioning graft. Thus, extending the life of a failed graft becomes an important objective of this study, which was to assess the use of covered nitinol stents to salvage expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts with venous anastomotic or outflow stenosis that have failed after multiple revisions. This is a review of 8 failed non-autogenous ePTFE grafts with isolated venous anastomotic or proximal outflow stenoses that had undergone multiple previous revisions, had failed percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), and required placement of a covered nitinol stent. Graft locations were forearm (2), upper arm (4), and femoral (2). The mean number of interventions per patient before stent placement was 5.87 thrombectomies (range 2-28) and 3.38 balloon angioplasties (range 2-19). Five patients had 0.62 interposition grafting and 3 had patch angioplasty. All 8 patients (100%) underwent successful dialysis after thrombectomy and stenting. The primary and secondary patency rates after stent placement were 50% and 75%, and 25% and 75%, at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Percutaneous thrombectomy, balloon angioplasty, and concomitant covered nitinol stent placement extend the function of hemodialysis access grafts that have previously failed multiple times.

  16. Endovascular Placement of an Extraluminal Femoropopliteal Bypass Graft in Human Cadavers

    SciTech Connect

    Maynar, Manuel; Llorens, Rafael; Lopez-Sanchez, Carmen; Garcia-Martinez, Virginio; Qian Zhong; Lopera, Jorge; Castaneda, Wilfrido R.

    2005-04-15

    Purpose. A method to create an extraluminal femoropopliteal bypass graft using endovascular techniques was evaluated in situ on cadaver extremities in an attempt to develop a minimally invasive alternative technique for the management of infrainguinal occlusive arterial disease. Methods. The endovascular placement of an extraluminal femoropopliteal bypass graft was undertaken in 5 cadaver legs. Following percutaneous access to the popliteal artery (PA) or common femoral artery (CFA), a Rosch-Uchida needle was used to perforate the vascular wall, followed by the creation of an extraluminal tract using a looped wire and catheter. Once the desired level was reached the needle was again used to perforate the vascular wall of the proximal superficial femoral artery (SFA) or PA depending on the access used. Self-expanding expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) stent-grafts were then deployed to establish the extraluminal femoropopliteal bypass connecting the two arterial puncture sites. Following dilatation of the stent-graft, angiography was performed to assess the endoprostheses and to look for contrast leaks. Results. Technical success was achieved in all 5 legs. Procedure time varied from 15 to 30 min. The angiographic studies performed immediately after completion of the bypass procedure showed patency of the grafts with no evidence of kinking or leakage in any of the cases. Conclusion. This study has proved that the endovascular placement of an extraluminal femoropopliteal bypass graft in human cadaver legs using endovascular techniques under fluoroscopic control is technically feasible.

  17. Meniscal allograft transplantation. Part 1: systematic review of graft biology, graft shrinkage, graft extrusion, graft sizing, and graft fixation.

    PubMed

    Samitier, Gonzalo; Alentorn-Geli, Eduard; Taylor, Dean C; Rill, Brian; Lock, Terrence; Moutzouros, Vasilius; Kolowich, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    To provide a systematic review of the literature regarding five topics in meniscal allograft transplantation: graft biology, shrinkage, extrusion, sizing, and fixation. A systematic literature search was conducted using the PubMed (MEDLINE), ScienceDirect, and EBSCO-CINAHL databases. Articles were classified only in one topic, but information contained could be reported into other topics. Information was classified according to type of study (animal, in vitro human, and in vivo human) and level of evidence (for in vivo human studies). Sixty-two studies were finally included: 30 biology, 3 graft shrinkage, 11 graft extrusion, 17 graft size, and 6 graft fixation (some studies were categorized in more than one topic). These studies corresponded to 22 animal studies, 22 in vitro human studies, and 23 in vivo human studies (7 level II, 10 level III, and 6 level IV). The principal conclusions were as follows: (a) Donor cells decrease after MAT and grafts are repopulated with host cells form synovium; (b) graft preservation alters collagen network (deep freezing) and causes cell apoptosis with loss of viable cells (cryopreservation); (c) graft shrinkage occurs mainly in lyophilized and gamma-irradiated grafts (less with cryopreservation); (d) graft extrusion is common but has no clinical/functional implications; (e) overall, MRI is not superior to plain radiograph for graft sizing; (f) graft width size matching is more important than length size matching; (g) height appears to be the most important factor influencing meniscal size; (h) bone fixation better restores contact mechanics than suture fixation, but there are no differences for pullout strength or functional results; and (i) suture fixation has more risk of graft extrusion compared to bone fixation. Systematic review of level II-IV studies, Level IV.

  18. Meralgia paresthetica and femoral acetabular impingement: a possible association.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, Aiesha

    2010-12-11

    Meralgia paresthetica consists of pain and dysesthesia in the anterolateral thigh. Etiology is divided into spontaneous and iatrogenic causes. To my knowledge this has never been attributed to femoral acetabular impingement. This case highlights the presence of lateral femoral cutaneous neuropathy in the setting of femoral acetabular impingement syndrome thus raising the possibility of an association. Femoral acetabular impingement; Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve; Dysesthesia; Nerve conduction studies.

  19. Meralgia Paresthetica and Femoral Acetabular Impingement: A Possible Association

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Aiesha

    2010-01-01

    Meralgia paresthetica consists of pain and dysesthesia in the anterolateral thigh. Etiology is divided into spontaneous and iatrogenic causes. To my knowledge this has never been attributed to femoral acetabular impingement. This case highlights the presence of lateral femoral cutaneous neuropathy in the setting of femoral acetabular impingement syndrome thus raising the possibility of an association. Keywords Femoral acetabular impingement; Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve; Dysesthesia; Nerve conduction studies PMID:22043261

  20. Acetabular revision with impaction bone grafting and a cemented polyethylene acetabular component: comparison of the Kaplan-Meier analysis to the competing risk analysis in 62 revisions with 25 to 30 years follow-up.

    PubMed

    Te Stroet, M A J; Keurentjes, J C; Rijnen, W H C; Gardeniers, J W M; Verdonschot, N; Slooff, T J J H; Schreurs, B W

    2015-10-01

    We present the results of 62 consecutive acetabular revisions using impaction bone grafting and a cemented polyethylene acetabular component in 58 patients (13 men and 45 women) after a mean follow-up of 27 years (25 to 30). All patients were prospectively followed. The mean age at revision was 59.2 years (23 to 82). We performed Kaplan-Meier (KM) analysis and also a Competing Risk (CR) analysis because with long-term follow-up, the presence of a competing event (i.e. death) prevents the occurrence of the endpoint of re-revision. A total of 48 patients (52 hips) had died or had been re-revised at final review in March 2011. None of the deaths were related to the surgery. The mean Harris hip score of the ten surviving hips in ten patients was 76 points (45 to 99). The KM survivorship at 25 years for the endpoint 're-revision for any reason' was 58.0% (95% confidence interval (CI) 38 to 73) and for 're-revision for aseptic loosening' 72.1% (95% CI 51 to 85). With the CR analysis we calculated the KM analysis overestimates the failure rate with respectively 74% and 93% for these endpoints. The current study shows that acetabular impaction bone grafting revisions provide good clinical results at over 25 years.

  1. Is There a Difference in Graft Motion for Bone-Tendon-Bone and Hamstring Autograft ACL Reconstruction at 6 Weeks and 1 Year?

    PubMed

    Irvine, James N; Arner, Justin W; Thorhauer, Eric; Abebe, Ermias S; D'Auria, Jennifer; Schreiber, Verena M; Harner, Christopher D; Tashman, Scott

    2016-10-01

    Bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) grafts are generally believed to heal more quickly than soft tissue grafts after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, but little is known about the time course of healing or motion of the grafts within the bone tunnels. Graft-tunnel motion will be greater in hamstring (HS) grafts compared with BTB grafts and will be less at 1 year than at 6 weeks. Controlled laboratory study. Twelve patients underwent anatomic single-bundle ACL reconstruction using HS or BTB autografts (6 per group) with six 0.8-mm tantalum beads embedded in each graft. Dynamic stereo x-ray images were collected at 6 weeks and 1 year during treadmill walking and stair descent and at 1 year during treadmill running. Tibiofemoral kinematics and bead positions were evaluated. Graft-tunnel motion was based on bead range of motion during the loading response phase (first 10%) of the gait cycle. During treadmill walking, there was no difference in femoral tunnel or tibial tunnel motion between BTB or HS grafts at 6 weeks (BTB vs HS: 2.00 ± 1.05 vs 1.25 ± 0.67 mm [femoral tunnel]; 1.20 ± 0.63 vs 1.27 ± 0.71 mm [tibial tunnel]), or 1 year (BTB vs HS: 1.62 ± 0.76 vs 1.08 ± 0.26 mm [femoral tunnel]; 1.58 ± 0.75 vs 1.68 ± 0.53 mm [tibial tunnel]). During stair descent, there was no difference in femoral or tibial tunnel motion between BTB and HS grafts at 6 weeks or 1 year. With running, there was no difference between graft types at 1 year. For all results, P values were > .05. Knee kinematics were consistent with the literature. During walking and stair descent, ACL reconstruction using suspensory fixation yielded no difference between graft types in femoral or tibial tunnel motion at 6 weeks or 1 year. All subjects were asymptomatic with knee kinematics similar to that of the literature. The significance of persistent, small (1 to 3 mm) movements at 1 year for healing or graft performance is unknown. These study results may have significant implications

  2. Flows In Model Human Femoral Arteries

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Back, Lloyd H.; Kwack, Eug Y.; Crawford, Donald W.

    1990-01-01

    Flow is visualized with dye traces, and pressure measurements made. Report describes experimental study of flow in models of human femoral artery. Conducted to examine effect of slight curvature of artery on flow paths and distribution of pressure.

  3. Femoral Neuropathy Following Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage After Cardiac Surgery: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    White, Dinah J; Lytle, F T

    2017-04-15

    A woman underwent ascending aortic aneurysm repair, aortic root and valve replacement, and coronary artery bypass grafting. Her postoperative course was complicated by stroke and status epilepticus. With supportive care and antiepileptics, her neurologic status improved. Intravenous heparin and aspirin were initiated. On postoperative day 13, she developed a large retroperitoneal hematoma with femoral neuropathy. Because her hematoma was not amenable to percutaneous drainage or surgical evacuation, and considering her comorbidities, a conservative approach was elected. Anticoagulation was held but not reversed, and she was transfused. Her impairment resolved fully after 3 days, and anticoagulation was restarted in staggered fashion.

  4. Superficial femoral artery nitinol stent in a patient with nickel allergy.

    PubMed

    Jetty, Prasad; Jayaram, Srinidhi; Veinot, John; Pratt, Melanie

    2013-11-01

    We present a case of a patient who developed a systemic allergic reaction following placement of a nitnol stent in the superficial femoral artery for claudication symptoms. Shortly after, he was tested for contact dermatitis and found to have a severe reaction to nickel. His symptoms of severe itch and generalized rash resolved within days following stent explantation and reconstruction with a vein graft. The epidemiology and clinical significance of nickel allergy and the concomitant use of nickel-alloy stents are discussed. Copyright © 2013 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Favorable impact of natural killer cell reconstitution on chronic graft-versus-host disease and cytomegalovirus reactivation after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Kheav, Vissal David; Busson, Marc; Scieux, Catherine; Peffault de Latour, Régis; Maki, Guitta; Haas, Philippe; Mazeron, Marie-Christine; Carmagnat, Maryvonnick; Masson, Emeline; Xhaard, Aliénor; Robin, Marie; Ribaud, Patricia; Dulphy, Nicolas; Loiseau, Pascale; Charron, Dominique; Socié, Gérard; Toubert, Antoine; Moins-Teisserenc, Hélène

    2014-12-01

    Natural killer cells are the first lymphocyte subset to reconstitute, and play a major role in early immunity after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Cells expressing the activating receptor NKG2C seem crucial in the resolution of cytomegalovirus episodes, even in the absence of T cells. We prospectively investigated natural killer-cell reconstitution in a cohort of 439 adult recipients who underwent non-T-cell-depleted allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation between 2005 and 2012. Freshly collected blood samples were analyzed 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after transplantation. Data were studied with respect to conditioning regimen, source of stem cells, underlying disease, occurrence of graft-versus-host disease, and profiles of cytomegalovirus reactivation. In multivariate analysis we found that the absolute numbers of CD56(bright) natural killer cells at month 3 were significantly higher after myeloablative conditioning than after reduced intensity conditioning. Acute graft-versus-host disease impaired reconstitution of total and CD56(dim) natural killer cells at month 3. In contrast, high natural killer cell count at month 3 was associated with a lower incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease, independently of a previous episode of acute graft-versus-host disease and stem cell source. NKG2C(+)CD56(dim) and total natural killer cell counts at month 3 were lower in patients with reactivation of cytomegalovirus between month 0 and month 3, but expanded greatly afterwards. These cells were also less numerous in patients who experienced later cytomegalovirus reactivation between month 3 and month 6. Our results advocate a direct role of NKG2C-expressing natural killer cells in the early control of cytomegalovirus reactivation after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

  6. Increased morbidity and mortality after bilateral femoral shaft fractures: myth or reality in the era of damage control?

    PubMed

    Kobbe, Philipp; Micansky, Fabian; Lichte, Philipp; Sellei, Richard Martin; Pfeifer, Roman; Dombroski, Derek; Lefering, Rolf; Pape, Hans Christoph

    2013-02-01

    Bilateral femoral shaft fractures have been reported to be an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality; however, the value of these studies is limited due to small sample sizes and the timing of these studies before the establishment of damage control orthopaedics. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of morbidity and mortality in patients with bilateral vs. unilateral femoral shaft fractures in the era of damage control orthopaedics. Retrospective analysis of the TraumaRegister DGU from 2002 to 2005. Inclusion criteria were uni- or bilateral femoral shaft fractures and complete demographic data documentation. Univariate data analysis and logistic regression analysis were performed with SPSS. Between 2002 and 2005, 776 patients with unilateral and 118 patients with bilateral femoral shaft fractures were identified. Patients with bilateral femoral shaft fractures had a significantly higher Injury Severity Score (ISS) (29.5 vs. 25.7 points), a significantly higher incidence of pulmonary (34.7% vs. 20.6%) and multiple organ failure (25.0% vs. 14.6%) as well as a significantly higher mortality rate (16.9% vs. 9.4%). In the overall patient population, early total care (ETC) was significantly more often performed in patients with unilateral femoral shaft fractures (50.9% vs. 33.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed no significant association between bilateral femoral shaft fractures and multiple organ failure or mortality; however, bilateral femoral shaft fractures are an independent risk factor for pulmonary failure. Subgroup analysis revealed that the impact of the bilateral femoral shaft fracture was especially pronounced in patients with an ISS<25 points. Bilateral femoral shaft fractures are an independent risk factor for pulmonary failure but not for multiple organ failure or mortality. The impact of the additional femoral shaft fracture for pulmonary failure appears to be especially pronounced in the less severely injured

  7. Dielectric performance of high permitivity nanocomposites: impact of polystyrene grafting on BaTiO 3 and TiO 2

    DOE PAGES

    Grabowski, Christopher A.; Fillery, Scott P.; Koerner, Hilmar; ...

    2016-09-22

    Polymer nanocomposites are a promising concept to improve energy storage density of capacitors, but realizing their hypothetical gains has proved challenging. The introduction of high permittivity fillers often leads to reduction in breakdown strength due to field exclusion, which intensifies the applied electric field within the polymer matrix near nanoparticle interfaces. This has prompted research in developing new nanoparticle functionalization chemistries and processing concepts to maximize particle separation. Herein, we compare the dielectric performance of blended nanocomposites to matrix free assemblies of hairy (polymer-grafted) nanoparticles (HNPs) that exhibit comparable overall morphology. The dielectric breakdown strength of polystyrene-grafted BaTiO3 (PS@BaTiO3) systemsmore » was over 40% greater than a blended nanocomposite with similar loading (~25% v/v BaTiO3). Hairy nanoparticles with TiO2 cores followed similar trends in breakdown strength as a function of inorganic loading up to 40% v/v. Dielectric loss for PS@BaTiO3 HNPs was 2-5 times lower than analogous blended films for a wide frequency spectrum (1 Hz to 100 kHz). For BaTiO3 content above 7% v/v, grafting the polymer chains to the nanoparticle significantly improved energy storage density and efficiency, likely due to the polymer canopy mitigating interfacial transport and restricting particle-particle hot-spots by establishing a finite minimum particle separation.« less

  8. Dielectric performance of high permitivity nanocomposites: impact of polystyrene grafting on BaTiO 3 and TiO 2

    SciTech Connect

    Grabowski, Christopher A.; Fillery, Scott P.; Koerner, Hilmar; Tchoul, Maxim; Drummy, Lawrence; Beier, Christopher W.; Brutchey, Richard L.; Durstock, Michael F.; Vaia, Richard A.

    2016-09-22

    Polymer nanocomposites are a promising concept to improve energy storage density of capacitors, but realizing their hypothetical gains has proved challenging. The introduction of high permittivity fillers often leads to reduction in breakdown strength due to field exclusion, which intensifies the applied electric field within the polymer matrix near nanoparticle interfaces. This has prompted research in developing new nanoparticle functionalization chemistries and processing concepts to maximize particle separation. Herein, we compare the dielectric performance of blended nanocomposites to matrix free assemblies of hairy (polymer-grafted) nanoparticles (HNPs) that exhibit comparable overall morphology. The dielectric breakdown strength of polystyrene-grafted BaTiO3 (PS@BaTiO3) systems was over 40% greater than a blended nanocomposite with similar loading (~25% v/v BaTiO3). Hairy nanoparticles with TiO2 cores followed similar trends in breakdown strength as a function of inorganic loading up to 40% v/v. Dielectric loss for PS@BaTiO3 HNPs was 2-5 times lower than analogous blended films for a wide frequency spectrum (1 Hz to 100 kHz). For BaTiO3 content above 7% v/v, grafting the polymer chains to the nanoparticle significantly improved energy storage density and efficiency, likely due to the polymer canopy mitigating interfacial transport and restricting particle-particle hot-spots by establishing a finite minimum particle separation.

  9. Current Concepts in Paediatric Femoral Shaft Fractures

    PubMed Central

    John, Rakesh; Sharma, Siddhartha; Raj, Gopinathan Nirmal; Singh, Jujhar; C., Varsha; RHH, Arjun; Khurana, Ankit

    2017-01-01

    Pediatric femoral shaft fractures account for less than 2% of all fractures in children. However, these are the most common pediatric fractures necessitating hospitalization and are associated with prolonged hospital stay, prolonged immobilization and impose a significant burden on the healthcare system as well as caregivers. In this paper, the authors present a comprehensive review of epidemiology, aetiology, classification and managemement options of pediatric femoral shaft fractures. PMID:28603567

  10. Biomechanical comparison of 2 anterior cruciate ligament graft preparation techniques for tibial fixation: adjustable-length loop cortical button or interference screw.

    PubMed

    Mayr, Raul; Heinrichs, Christian Heinz; Eichinger, Martin; Coppola, Christian; Schmoelz, Werner; Attal, René

    2015-06-01

    Cortical button fixation at the femoral side and interference screws within the tibial bone tunnel are widely used for anterior cruciate ligament graft fixation. Using a bone socket instead of a full tunnel allows cortical button fixation on the tibial side as well. If adjustable-length loop cortical button devices are used for femoral and tibial fixation, the tendon graft has to be secured with sutures in a closed tendon loop. The increased distance of fixation points and potential slippage of the tendon strands at the securing sutures might lead to greater risk of postoperative graft elongation when compared with conventional graft preparation with tibial interference screw fixation. Compared with an anterior cruciate ligament graft with tibial adjustable-length loop cortical button fixation, a graft with tibial interference screw fixation will show less graft elongation during cyclic loading and lower ultimate failure loads. Controlled laboratory study. Grafts with tibial adjustable-length loop cortical button fixation and grafts with tibial interference screw fixation were biomechanically tested in calf tibiae (n = 10 per group). Femoral fixation was equivalent for both groups, using an adjustable-length loop cortical button. Specimens underwent cyclic loading followed by a load-to-failure test. Grafts with screw fixation showed significantly less initial elongation (cycles 1-5: 1.46 ± 0.26 mm), secondary elongation (cycles 6-1000: 1.87 ± 0.67 mm), and total elongation (cycles 1-1000: 3.33 ± 0.83 mm) in comparison with grafts with button fixation (2.47 ± 0.26, 3.56 ± 0.39, and 6.03 ± 0.61 mm, respectively) (P < .001). While pull-out stiffness was significantly higher for grafts with screw fixation (309.5 ± 33.2 vs 185.6 ± 16.4 N/mm) (P < .001), grafts with button fixation were able to withstand significantly higher ultimate failure loads (908 ± 74 vs 693 ± 119 N) (P < .001). Grafts with tibial adjustable-length loop cortical button fixation resulted

  11. Locking plate fixation of distal femoral fractures is a challenging technique: a retrospective review

    PubMed Central

    Toro, Giuseppe; Calabrò, Giampiero; Toro, Antonio; de Sire, Alessandro; Iolascon, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    Summary Distal femoral fractures have typically a bimodal occurrence: in young people due to a high-energy trauma and in older people related to a low-energy trauma. These fractures are associated to a very high morbidity and mortality in elderly. Distal femoral fractures might be treated with plates, intramedullary nails, external fixations, and prosthesis. However, difficulties in fracture healing and the rate of complications are important clinical issues. The purpose of this retrospective review was to present our experience in treatment of distal femoral fracture in a sample of older people in order to evaluate the technical pitfalls and strategies used to face up the fractures unsuccessfully treated with locking plates. We included people aged more than 65 years, with a diagnosis of distal femoral fracture, treated with locking plates. We considered ‘unsuccessfully treated’ the cases with healing problems or hardware failures. Of the 12 patients (9 females and 3 males; mean aged 68.75 ± 3.31 years) included, we observed 3 ‘unsuccessfully cases’, 2 due to nonunions and 1 due to an early hardware failure, all treated using a condylar blade plate with a bone graft. One patient obtained a complete fracture healing after 1 year and in the other cases there was a nonunion. We observed as most common technical pitfalls: inadequate plate lengthening, fracture bridging, and number of locking screws. The use of locking plates is an emerging technique to treat these fractures but it seems more challenging than expected. In literature there is a lack of evidences about the surgical management of distal femoral fractures that is still an important challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon that has to be able to use all the fixation devices available. PMID:27134634

  12. Porphyromonas gingivalis is the most abundant species detected in coronary and femoral arteries

    PubMed Central

    Mougeot, J-L. C.; Stevens, C. B.; Paster, B. J.; Brennan, M. T.; Lockhart, P. B.; Mougeot, F. K. B

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT An association between oral bacteria and atherosclerosis has been postulated. A limited number of studies have used 16S RNA gene sequencing-based metagenomics approaches to identify bacteria at the species level from atherosclerotic plaques in arterial walls. The objective of this study was to establish detailed oral microbiome profiles, at both genus and species level, of clinically healthy coronary and femoral artery tissues from patients with atherosclerosis. Tissue specimens were taken from clinically non-atherosclerotic areas of coronary or femoral arteries used for attachment of bypass grafts in 42 patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Bacterial DNA was sequenced using the MiSeq platform, and sequence reads were screened in silico for nearly 600 oral species using the HOMINGS ProbeSeq species identification program. The number of sequence reads matched to species or genera were used for statistical analyses. A total of 230 and 118 species were detected in coronary and femoral arteries, respectively. Unidentified species detected by genus-specific probes consisted of 45 and 30 genera in coronary and in femoral artery tissues, respectively. Overall, 245 species belonging to 95 genera were detected in coronary and femoral arteries combined. The most abundant species were Porphyromonas gingivalis, Enterococcus faecalis, and Finegoldia magna based on species probes. Porphyromonas, Escherichia, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, and Streptococcus genera represented 88.5% mean relative abundance based on combined species and genus probe detections. Porphyromonas was significantly more abundant than Escherichia (i.e. 46.8% vs. 19.3%; p = 0.0005). This study provides insight into the presence and types of oral microbiome bacterial species found in clinically non-atherosclerotic arteries. PMID:28326156

  13. Vascularized bone grafts for the treatment of carpal bone pathology.

    PubMed

    Derby, Brian M; Murray, Peter M; Shin, Alexander Y; Bueno, Reuben A; Mathoulin, Christophe L; Ade, Tim; Neumeister, Michael W

    2013-03-01

    Primary bone healing fails to occur in 5-15 % of scaphoid bones that undergo fracture fixation. Untreated, occult fractures result in nonunion up to 12 % of the time. Conventional bone grafting is the accepted management in the treatment algorithm of scaphoid nonunion if the proximal pole is vascularized. Osteonecrosis of the proximal scaphoid pole intuitively suggests a need for transfer of the vascularized bone to the nonunion site. Scaphoid nonunion treatment aims to prevent biological and mechanical subsidence of the involved bone, destabilization of the carpus, and early degenerative changes associated with scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse. Pedicled distal radius and free vascularized bone grafts (VBGs) offer hand surgeons an alternative treatment option in the management of carpal bone nonunion. VBGs are also indicated in the treatment of avascular necrosis of the scaphoid (Preiser's disease), lunate (Kienböck's disease), and capitate. Relative contraindications to pedicled dorsal radius vascularized bone grafting include humpback deformity, carpal instability, or collapse. The free medial femoral condyle bone graft has offered a novel treatment option for the humpback deformity to restore geometry of the carpus, otherwise not provided by pedicled grafts. In general, VBGs are contraindicated in the setting of a carpal bone without an intact cartilaginous shell, in advanced carpal collapse with degenerative changes, and in attempts to salvage small or collapsed bone fragments. Wrist salvage procedures are generally accepted as the more definitive treatment option under such circumstances. This manuscript offers a current review of the techniques and outcomes of VBGs to the carpal bones.

  14. Femoral nerve entrapment: a new insight.

    PubMed

    Vázquez, M T; Murillo, J; Maranillo, E; Parkin, I G; Sanudo, J

    2007-03-01

    Compression of the femoral nerve in the iliac fossa has been reported as a consequence of several pathologies, but never as a result of muscular compression. Aberrant slips of iliacus, however, have occasionally been reported to cover or split the femoral nerve. This study aimed to assess such variations as potential factors in femoral nerve compression. A large and homogeneous sample of 121 embalmed cadavers (242 specimens) was studied. Statistical comparisons were made using the chi-squared test. Muscular slips from iliacus and psoas, piercing or covering the femoral nerve, were found in 19 specimens (7.9%). No significant differences by sex or side were found. The more frequent variation was piercing of the femoral nerve by a muscular slip (17 specimens, 7.0%). The nerve then entered the thigh as one or more branches. The less frequent variation found was a muscular slip or sheet covering the femoral nerve as it lay on iliacus (2 specimens, 0.8%). Each disposition may be a potential risk for nerve entrapment.