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Sample records for force base florida

  1. Environmental Assessment for the Solar Photovoltaic Array at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-24

    Final Environmental Assessment – Eglin Air Force Base, Florida resources addresses the potential for impacts to surface waters, wetlands ...vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes , bogs and similar areas” (USACE, 1987). The...Environmental Assessment – Eglin Air Force Base, Florida jurisdictional wetlands ( wetlands that fall under state or federal regulatory authority) in the United

  2. Environmental Assessment, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida Department of Transportation. Section 6, Township 2 South, Range 26 West Eglin Air Force Base, Santa Rosa County, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-03

    39 FIGURES 1-1 Project Corridor 3-1 State of Florida 3-2 Map of Western Panhandle 3-3 Map of Santa Rosa County 3-4 Site...standard 6.0 feet wide flared design. The pavement tie-in would feature standard friction course feathering involving decreasing thickness of asphalt...OKALOOSA WAKULLA ESCAMBIA CALHOUN HOLMES GADSDEN FRANKLIN JEFFERSON WASHINGTON FIGURE 3-2 MAP OF WESTERN FLORIDA PANHANDLE EGLIN AIR FORCE BASE

  3. Large Crater Repair at Silver Flag Exercise Site, Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-01

    Site, Tyndall Air Force Base , Florida G eo te ch ni ca l a nd S tr uc tu re s La bo ra to ry William D. Carruth, Lulu Edwards, Haley P. Bell...ERDC/GSL TR-15-27 August 2015 Large Crater Repair at Silver Flag Exercise Site, Tyndall Air Force Base , Florida William D. Carruth, Haley P. Bell...ft) craters at the Silver Flag Exercise Site in Tyndall Air Force Base , Florida. Modernized ADR technologies were successfully demonstrated in a

  4. Installation Restoration Program. Phase II. Confirmation/Quantification. Stage I. Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    interferences is not currently available in the literature . TOX data at Tyndall AFB are insufficient to quantify positive TOX inter- ference. Inspection of...Virginia 22314 II. °9 - -. Z Z Z S IN INSTALLATION RESTORATION PROGRAM PHASE II - CONFIRMATION/qUANTIFICATION 9. STAGE I FINAL REPORT FOR TYNDALL ...AIR FORCE BASE TYNDALL AIR FORCE BASE, FLORIDA r TACTICAL AIR COMMAND * -LANGLEY AIR FORCE BASE, VIRGINIA 23665 AUGUST 1984 PREPARED BY WATER AND AIR

  5. Environmental Assessment for the Solar Photovoltaic Array, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-24

    adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes , bogs and similar areas” (USACE, 1987). The majority of...Air Force Base, Florida jurisdictional wetlands ( wetlands that fall under state or federal regulatory authority) in the United States are described...coastal states, including islands, transitional and intertidal areas, salt marshes , wetlands , and beaches. The landward boundaries of the state of

  6. Distributions of eight meteorological variables at Cape Kennedy, Florida and Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graves, M. E.; King, R. L.; Brown, S. C.

    1973-01-01

    Extreme values, median values, and nine percentile values are tabulated for eight meteorological variables at Cape Kennedy, Florida and at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. The variables are temperature, relative humidity, station pressure, water vapor pressure, water vapor mixing ratio, density, and enthalpy. For each month eight hours are tabulated, namely, 0100, 0400, 0700, 1000, 1300, 1600, 1900, and 2200 local time. These statistics are intended for general use for the space shuttle design trade-off analysis and are not to be used for specific design values.

  7. Ground measurements of fuel and fuel consumption from experimental and operational prescribed fires at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    Treesearch

    Roger D. Ottmar; Robert E. Vihnanek; Clinton S. Wright; Andrew T. Hudak

    2014-01-01

    Ground-level measurements of fuel loading, fuel consumption, and fuel moisture content were collected on nine research burns conducted at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida in November, 2012. A grass or grass-shrub fuelbed dominated eight of the research blocks; the ninth was a managed longleaf pine (Pinus palustrus) forest. Fuel loading ranged from 1.7 Mg ha-1 on a...

  8. Risk assessment of hurricane winds for Eglin air force base in northwestern Florida, USA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scheitlin, Kelsey N.; Elsner, James B.; Lewers, Shawn W.; Malmstadt, Jill C.; Jagger, Thomas H.

    2011-10-01

    Hurricane winds present a significant hazard for coastal infrastructure. An estimate of the local risk of extreme wind speeds is made using a new method that combines historical hurricane records with a deterministic wind field model. The method is applied to Santa Rosa Island located in the northwestern panhandle region of Florida, USA. Firstly, a hurricane track is created for a landfall location on the island that represents the worst-case scenario for Eglin Air Force Base (EAFB). The track is based on averaging the paths of historical hurricanes in the vicinity of the landfall location. Secondly, an extreme-value statistical model is used to estimate 100-year wind speeds at locations along the average track based again on historical hurricanes in the vicinity of the track locations. Thirdly, the 100-year wind speeds together with information about hurricane size and forward speed are used as input to the HAZUS hurricane wind field model to produce a wind swath across EAFB. Results show a 100-year hurricane wind gust on Santa Rosa Island of 58 (±5) m s-1 (90% CI). A 100-year wind gust at the same location based on a 105-year simulation of hurricanes is lower at 55 m s-1, but within the 90% confidence limits. Based on structural damage functions and building stock data for the region, the 100-year hurricane wind swath results in 574 million total loss to residential and commercial buildings, not including military infrastructure, with 25% of all buildings receiving at least some damage. This methodology may be applied to other coastal areas and adapted to predict extreme winds and their impacts under climate variability and change.

  9. Draft Environmental Assessment for the Combat Support Training Complex, Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-07-25

    regions in the eastern United States. the Florida panhandle supports a large number of amphibian and reptilian species because of the warm climate and the...a population of 100 in 1980. The population of the AFB has remained fiairly constant. In FY 1987 3811 officers, enlisted men , and military trainees...were living on base, in addition to 4125 dependents. Off base there were 7465 officers, enlisted men , military trainees, and dependents. 3.6.2 Labor

  10. Threatened and Endangered Species Survey for Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Oddy, Donna M.; Stolen, Eric D.; Schmalzer, Paul A.; Larson, Vickie L.; Hall, Patrice; Hensley, Melissa A.

    1997-01-01

    A review of previous environmental work conducted at Patrick Air Force Base (PAFB) indicated that several threatened, endangered, or species of special concern occurred or had the potential to occur there. This study was implemented to collect more information on protected species at PAFB. A map of landcover types was prepared for PAFB using aerial photography, groundtruthing, and a geographic information system (GIS). Herbaceous vegetation was the most common vegetation type. The second most abundant vegetation type was disturbed shrubs/exotics. The beach and associated dune vegetation comprised 3.2% of the land area, but was the most extensive natural community within PAFB. A few isolated mangrove communities exist along the Banana River. Seventy-seven species of vascular plants occurred on the dunes, including four species listed by state agencies: spider lily (Hymenocallis latifolia), prickly pear cactus (Opuntia stricta), beach star (Remirea maritima), and inkberry (Scaevola plumien). Surveys of other habitats revealed eighty-four species of vascular plants including two state-listed species: spider lily and prickly pear cactus. Many of these areas are dominated by invasive, exotic species, particularly Brazilian pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius) and Australian pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), and native species of open or disturbed sites such as camphorweed (Heterotheca subaxillaris) and beardgrass (Andropogon spp.). Due to the isolation of PAFB from other natural areas, most exotic plant populations on the base are not an immediate threat to intact native plant communities. Dune habitat was surveyed for the southeastem beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus niveiventris) by quarterly trapping along eight 100 m transects. No beach mice were found. The limited extent of dune habitat, its fragmented condition, and the isolation of PAFB from extant populations of the beach mouse probably accounts for its absence. Surveys of birds on PAFB found an avifauna

  11. Environmental Assessment of Installation Development at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Habitat Fish Common snook a Centropomus undecimalis NL SSC Uses mangroves for spawning. Mammals Florida mouse Podomys floridanus NL SSC Prefers...gopher frog, Florida mouse , and burrowing owl) because other species use inactive gopher tortoise burrows for shelter (GTC 2001). Removal and...Lutjanus synagris -- X X -- Red drum Sciaenops ocellatus -- X X X Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus maculatus -- X -- X Spiny lobster Panulirus argus

  12. Final Environmental Assessment: Addressing An Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) Lifestyle Center at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-01

    BRAC) decisions, an additional 5,000 personnel and 7,000 family members are expected to be added to the local population at Eglin AFB by 2015 (EDCOC...Eglin AFB, Florida November 2008 2-10 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK EA for an AAFES Lifestyle Center Eglin AFB, Florida November 2008 3-1 3...low priority for habitat rehabilitation. Invasive non -native plant species have been documented at many locations across Eglin AFB. The most

  13. Environmental Assessment for Construction of Radial Arm Spill Gates MacDill Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    Regulations ............................................................... 40 3.2.2 Baseline Air Emissions ...111 APPENDIX C 113 AIR EMISSION CALCULATIONS FOR PROPOSED ACTION AND CUMULATIVE AIR EMISSIONS ...42 Table 3.2.2 Stationary Air Emissions Inventory, Hillsborough County, Florida ........................ 45 Table 3.7.3 Summary

  14. Range Environmental Assessment Overland Air Operations, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-12

    human remains are Native American , it shall consult with appropriate tribe or tribes in accordance with 43 CFR Part 10, the regulations implementing...the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) (25 U.S C. 3001 et seq.). 4. If Eglin AFB determines the human remains are not... Native American , or the identity of the human remains is undetermined, Eglin AFB will consult with SHPO and the Florida State Archaeologist pursuant to

  15. Environmental Assessment Military Family Housing Privatization Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-07-01

    American alligator T SSC Gopher tortoise SSC Green sea turtle E E Hawksbill sea turtle E E Kemp’s Ridley turtle E E Leatherback...Southeastern American kestrel T Violet-flowered butterwort T E Tricolor heron SSC White ibis SSC REPTILES Alligator snapping turtle SSC...sea turtle E E Loggerhead sea turtle T T MAMMALS Choctawhatchee beach mouse E E Florida black bear T Manatee E E St. Andrew

  16. Environmental Assessment of Installation Development at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-18

    Florida Wildlife Commission FY fiscal year GHG greenhouse gas GIS Geographic Information System HABS Historic American Building Survey HAP...impact rating form AD-1006 for areas where prime farmland soils occur and by applying criteria established at Section 658.5 of the FPPA (7 CFR 658...shallow flatwood depressions. There are no prime or unique farmland soils on MacDill AFB (MAFB 2010a, NRCS 2012). Table 3-7 shows the soil properties

  17. Environmental Assessment: Proposed Deactivation and Closure of Federal Prison Camp Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    closed depressions, sinkholes or other expression of karst topography. Because of the underlying carbonate, much of Florida exhibits karst topography...specific geological site conditions (USGS, 1998). The predicted maximum amount of earthquake induced shaking with a 10 percent probability of being...average of75 to 125 days of frost. The average rainfall for Okaloosa County ranges between 48 and 64 inches per year, with thunderstorms occurring

  18. Santa Rosa Island Final Range Environmental Assessment, Revision 1. Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    for each type of expendable reported from fiscal year 1997 through 2008; this approach accounts for periods of low or no activity for a given mission...Areas Inventory FWC Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission FY Fiscal Year GBU Guided Bomb Unit GIS Geographic Information System GOM Gulf...as the maximum annual expenditure for each type of expendable reported from Fiscal Year (FY) 1997 through FY2008; this approach accounts for periods

  19. Mapping forest structure and composition from low-density LiDAR for informed forest, fuel, and fire management at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, USA

    Treesearch

    Andrew T. Hudak; Benjamin C. Bright; Scott M. Pokswinski; E. Louise Loudermilk; Joseph J. O' Brien; Benjamin S. Hornsby; Carine Klauberg; Carlos A. Silva

    2016-01-01

    Eglin Air Force Base (AFB) in Florida, in the United States, conserves a large reservoir of native longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) stands that land managers maintain by using frequent fires. We predicted tree density, basal area, and dominant tree species from 195 forest inventory plots, low-density airborne LiDAR, and Landsat data available across the entirety...

  20. Joint Maneuver Test Range on Eglin Air Force Base, Florida Final Environmental Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-14

    nonnative species of concern are Chinese tallow, cogon grass, Japanese climbing fern, Chinese privet, torpedo grass, feral pigs, and feral cats . The...unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 FINDING NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FOR MANEUVER TEST RANGE Eglin Air Force...project area and the permeable soil conditions at the site. Groundwater would not be impacted from mine roller systems RDT &E activities. Furthem1ore

  1. Test Area C-62 Final Range Environmental Assessment at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-05

    EXPLOSIVE BOLTS FOR BLU-108 0.0005 7 2009 HDP BOOSTER 1 48 2010 HOUSING INIT. LOAD SUBASSY. 0.0022 5 2010 FLSC, COPPER ,RDX 230-900 0.0057 8 2010 FLSC... COPPER ,RDX 230-1200 0.1713 23 2010 FLSC, COPPER ,RDX 2000GR/FT 0.289 23 2010 MK 140 SLIP-ON BOOSTER (PETN) 0.044092 34 2010 DETONATORS ELECTRIC, AUSTRIAN...for developing and implementing an Air Force Environmental Quality Program composed of four pillars : cleanup, compliance, conservation and pollution

  2. Environmental Assessment for Construction of a Multi-Story Dormitory at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-11-01

    their proximity to other areas where interconnected functions would be carried out. Based on the constraints of the screening criteria and the expected...and user requirements. Proximity to existing interconnected functions and infrastructure significantly influenced site selection and limited the...military personnel live near Tyndall AFB (USAF 2004b). Over time, Base activities were grouped into areas based on commonality of function and land

  3. Environmental Assessment: Construct New Mini-Storage Facility Okeechobee Road Eglin Air Force Base Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    or flood plains. No lead-based paints (LBP), asbestos containing materials (ACM), underground storage tanks , or Environmental Restoration Program remediation sites or areas of concern exist at the site.

  4. Construct a Test and Integration Laboratory Eglin Air Force Base Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-02-01

    storage tanks , or Environmental Restoration Program remediation sites or areas of concem exist at the site....species, and contains no surface water, wetlands, or flood plains. No lead-based paints (LBP), asbestos containing materials (ACM), underground

  5. Comparative Study of Nondestructive Pavement Testing, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-01

    analyses. Six private firms each with a different nondestructive testing ( NDT ) evaluation method provided evaluation results in terms of allowable aircraft... methods characterize the pavement structural layers based on the response measured with the NDT devices. Most procedures produce moduli values for the...of agreement between the allowable load ratings and overlay thickness predictions of the NDT evaluation methods to the standard test pit rating, and a

  6. Environmental Assessment: Replacement of Subscale Drone Recovery Boat Dock at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    to approximately 110 ft below land surface (bls) at Tyndall AFB. This material is relatively permeable and is underlain by the Intracoastal Formation... permeable . The Intracoastal Formation is underlain by highly permeable limestone that extends below 600 ft bls in some areas. In general, the soils of...off base by a solid waste disposal contractor. Metal components on the dock, such as nails , screws, cleats, lamp posts, and the chain-link access gate

  7. Final Finding of No Significant Impact Munitions Storage Area at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-02-11

    inc luding wetlands. The total disturbed acres for the three phases and two projects that are not currently set in any phase is approximately 7.5...collected and conveyed via drainage ditches toward both the Gulf of Mexico and East Bay. Although there are several natural streams on the base, there are...period, a ·Federalagenc,y to obtain a State requests an extension of time to revie’" permit. Even wh!’!n Federal agendes aro the matter. Federal

  8. Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Construction of the Commissary Addition at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Appendices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-07

    Roof Felt - Downspout SE/Corner - Warehouse YES 16 M Roof Flashing - SE Corner - Warehouse ND ( asphalt shingles ) 17 M Roof Gauze - Joint of GSA...Bearing Ratio of 40 for a depth equal to the base thickness and should be compacted to a minimum of 95% of AASHTO T-180. The asphaltic concrete wearing...surface should consist of Type S-Ill asphaltic concrete meeting current Florida Department of Transportation specifications and placement procedures. A

  9. NASA's space shuttle Atlantis and its 747 carrier taxied on the Edwards Air Force Base flightline as the unusual combination left for Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on March 1, 2001

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2001-03-01

    NASA's space shuttle Atlantis and its 747 carrier taxied on the Edwards Air Force Base flightline as the unusual combination left for Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on March 1, 2001. Atlantis and the shuttle Columbia were both airborne on the same day as they migrated from California to Florida. Columbia underwent refurbishing at nearby Palmdale, California.

  10. A WAVCIS Based Ocean Observing Station to Provide Hydrodynamic Data off Eglin Air Force Base, Fort Walton, Florida, USA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    longer active (yellow dots in Fig. 1). For this project, the CSI FTW station (see Fig. 2) was deployed offshore, off a 91.4 m tall meteorological tower...from the station along with meteorological data from a nearby NOAA station, are discussed in this paper. The Florida observation station (CSI FTW ...a Campbell CR23X Data logger which was housed inside the surface buoy. Field measurements from the CSI FTW station included wave height, wave

  11. Environmental Assessment for the Installation of a Reclaimed Water Irrigation System Improvement Project at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-04

    gopher tortoise habitat area near Pond B e) Acres of invasive species treated/eradicated (include invasive plant/animal type ): MCSF Blount Island...eradicated (include invasive plant/animal type ): 684 (all undetermined). ALABAMA a) Acres of gopher tortoise habitat restored or improved: During the...invasive plant/animal type ): Not applicable, or none during this reporting period. FLORIDA a) Acres of gopher tortoise habitat restored or improved

  12. Final Environmental Assessment: For Utility Easement and Installation of a Water Line Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-02-01

    constructed access roadway to Martin Luther King Boulevard. Alternatives: A longer alternative route was identified but detennined not to be... Martin Luther King Boulevard in Mary Esther. 1.2 NEED FOR PROPOSED ACTION According to the 1998 Northwest Florida Water Management District (NWFWMD...running approximately 3,000 feet along a newly established county-constructed access roadway to Martin Luther King Boulevard. 02/20/03 Environmental

  13. 78 FR 27126 - East Bay, St. Andrews Bay and the Gulf of Mexico at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida; Restricted...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers 33 CFR Part 334 East Bay, St. Andrews Bay and the Gulf of Mexico... several areas where the lack of security or lack of restriction on access to these areas leaves Tyndall... Gulf of Mexico and Apalachicola Bay south of Apalachicola, Fla., Drone Recovery Area, Tyndall Air Force...

  14. Environmental Assessment: For Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS) at Multiple Test Ranges, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-01

    bed. This clay layer restricts the downward migration of pollutants and restricts saline water from Choctawhatchee Bay and the Gulf of Mexico from...Because it is saline , the Lower Limestone unit is not used as a water source (U.S. Air Force, 1995). Groundwater storage and movement in the Upper... purslane , among others. Inland from the produne zone is the “scrub” zone. Vegetation found in this zone is usually stunted and wind/salt sprayed

  15. Navy Explosive Ordnance Disposal School Master Development Plan for Test Area D-51, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-25

    acidic soils that formed in thick beds of eolian, fluvial, or marine sands on broad, nearly level to very steep uplands in the Lower Coastal Plain ...stormwater management and a National Pollutant Discharge Elimonaoon System {NPOES) permot. The U.S. Atr Force is advrsed tl1at as of October 1, 2007...explosive training site. Mock-ups could include but not limited to the partial front entrance to a current day sports stadium, city block/urban

  16. Final Environmental Assessment Eglin Gulf Test and Training Range (EGTTR) Precision Strike Weapons (PSW) Test (5-Year Plan) Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-11-01

    Mexico is highly developed. This infrastructure includes oil refineries , petrochemical and gas processing plants , supply bases for offshore...services, platform construction yards, pipeline yards, and other industry-related installations. Oil and gas refineries , natural gas plants , and... petrochemical plants contribute little to the eastern Gulf of Mexico economy. Florida oil production peaked in the 1975-1980 period with just under 50

  17. Supplemental Environmental Assessment for the Mid-Bay Bridge Connector Phases 2 and 3, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-03

    Mail Station 2A Tallahassee, Fl. 32399 Ms. Barbara Ruth FDEP Northwest District 160 Governmental Center Pensacola, Fl. 32505 Mr. Scott M. Stroh... MCCLINTOCK . Colonel, USAF Commander. 96th Air Base Wing STATE OF FLORJDA By: ~ ~"’ llv* Jim Ve!f. Exceuti’-1 Din:cto<, Mid· Bay Bridge Aulhoriry...Andrews FDEP Aquatic Preserves: Shelley Alexander USFWS: Mary Mittiga The Nature Conservancy: Barbara Albrecht Channing St. Aubin URS

  18. Long overlooked historical information on Agent Orange and TCDD following massive applications of 2,4,5-T-containing herbicides, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

    PubMed

    Young, Alvin L; Newton, Michael

    2004-01-01

    From 1961-1971, The Air Development Test Center, Eglin Air Force Base (AFB), Florida, developed, tested, and calibrated the aerial spray systems used in support of Operation RANCH HAND and the US Army Chemical Corps in Vietnam. Twenty major test and evaluation projects of aerial spray equipment were conducted on four fully instrumented test grids, each uniquely arrayed to match the needs of fixed-wing, helicopter, or jet aircraft. Each of the grids was established within the boundary of Test Area 52A of the Eglin Reservation. The tests, conducted under climatic and environmental conditions similar to those in Vietnam, included the use of the military herbicides (Agents) Orange, Purple, White, and Blue. Approximately 75,000 kg of 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) and 76,000 kg of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) were aerially disseminated on an area of less than 3 km2 during the period 1962-1970. Data from the analysis of archived samples suggested that an estimated 3.1 kg of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), present as a contaminant, were aerially released in the test area. Because most of the vegetation had been removed before establishing the test site in 1961, there was an opportunity to follow ground-based residues independent of canopy interception, and the resulting high solar exposure of initial residues. Studies of the soils, fauna, flora, and aquatic ecosystems of the test grids and associated perimeters of Test Area C-52A (an area totally more than 8 km2) were initiated in 1969 and concluded in 1984. Data from soil samples collected from 1974 through 1984 suggested that less than one percent of the TCDD that was present in soil when sampling began persisted through the ten-year period of sampling. More than 340 species of organisms were observed and identified within the test area. More than 300 biological samples were analyzed for TCDD and detectable residues were found in 16 of 45 species examined. Examination of the ecological

  19. Competency-Based Adult Education: Florida Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Elizabeth

    This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, a multi-year project designed to teach adult administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

  20. Systems engineering approach to environmental risk management: A case study of depleted uranium at test area C-64, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Carter, C.M.; Fortmann, K.M.; Hill, S.W.; Latin, R.M.; Masterson, E.J.

    1994-12-01

    Environmental restoration is an area of concern in an environmentally conscious world. Much effort is required to clean up the environment and promote environmentally sound methods for managing current land use. In light of the public consciousness with the latter topic, the United States Air Force must also take an active role in addressing these environmental issues with respect to current and future USAF base land use. This thesis uses the systems engineering technique to assess human health risks and to evaluate risk management options with respect to depleted uranium contamination in the sampled region of Test Area (TA) C-64 at Eglin Air Force Base (AFB). The research combines the disciplines of environmental data collection, DU soil concentration distribution modeling, ground water modeling, particle resuspension modeling, exposure assessment, health hazard assessment, and uncertainty analysis to characterize the test area. These disciplines are required to quantify current and future health risks, as well as to recommend cost effective ways to increase confidence in health risk assessment and remediation options.

  1. Finding of No Significant Impact and Finding of No Practicable Alternative: Construction of Visiting Quarters - Phase One and Phase Two MacDill Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-13

    pollutants) including carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), ozone (O3), sulfur oxides (SOx), measured as sulfur dioxide [SO2]), lead (Pb), and...Sulfur Dioxide , Volatile Organic Compounds Point Source Emissions Nonpoint+Mobile Source Emissions TOTAL October 2009 Hillsborough County Tier Report THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK MacDill AFB, Florida 315 ...3.2.2 Baseline Air Emissions ........................................................................ 22 3.3 Noise

  2. Installation-restoration program Phase 2. Confirmation/quantification. Stage 2. Volume 1. Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida. Final report, August 1986-August 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Schulze, R.L.; Jordana, M.J.; Bonds, J.D.; Coulombe, W.; Hubbard, A.P.

    1988-08-24

    A Phase II-Stage 2 survey was conducted at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB) to confirm and quantify the existence of potential contaminants at former disposal, storage, and fire-training sites identified during Phase I and Phase II-Stage 1 studies. Nine sites were investigated including three disposal areas, three fuel-storage areas, and three fire-training areas. Seventeen ground water monitor wells were installed in the surficial aquifer at the various sites investigated. A surface geophysical survey was conducted at one landfill area to determine the presence and areal extent of ground water contamination. Surface waters, ground waters, sediments, and soils were sampled and analyzed for various specific parameters including pH, specific conductance, total petroleum hydrocarbons, purgeable organics, base/neutral and acid-extractable organics, dibromoethane, and priority pollutant metals. Eight of the nine zones were recommended for continued monitoring, and one zone was recommended for corrective action.

  3. Hydrologic transport of depleted uranium associated with open air dynamic range testing at Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, and Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, N.M.; Vanta, E.B.

    1995-05-01

    Hydrologic investigations on depleted uranium fate and transport associated with dynamic testing activities were instituted in the 1980`s at Los Alamos National Laboratory and Eglin Air Force Base. At Los Alamos, extensive field watershed investigations of soil, sediment, and especially runoff water were conducted. Eglin conducted field investigations and runoff studies similar to those at Los Alamos at former and active test ranges. Laboratory experiments complemented the field investigations at both installations. Mass balance calculations were performed to quantify the mass of expended uranium which had transported away from firing sites. At Los Alamos, it is estimated that more than 90 percent of the uranium still remains in close proximity to firing sites, which has been corroborated by independent calculations. At Eglin, we estimate that 90 to 95 percent of the uranium remains at test ranges. These data demonstrate that uranium moves slowly via surface water, in both semi-arid (Los Alamos) and humid (Eglin) environments.

  4. Final Environmental Assessment for Construction of an Addition to Support the Joint Strike Fighter Reprogramming Facility, Building 614, on Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    their standards take into account special risks to children. The proposed site is located approximately 0.8 miles south of Lewis Middle School ...fireproofing, and other material used for soundproofing or insulation. ● Lead-Based Paint – LBP is defined as paint on surfaces that contains lead in excess

  5. Final Environmental Assessment: For Construction of an Addition to the Joint Strike Fighter Reprogramming Facility, Building 614, on Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    located approximately 0.8 miles south of Lewis Middle School . Additionally, the construction site would be fenced, preventing unauthorized access...boiler insulation, acoustical ceilings, sprayed-on fireproofing, and other material used for soundproofing or insulation. ● Lead-Based Paint – LBP

  6. Florida

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-05-15

    article title:  Florida in Color and Stereo     View Larger ... 9, 2000 during Terra orbit 1650. The image at the top is a color view acquired by the vertical (nadir) camera. It has been reoriented so ... provides a three-dimensional effect when viewed using red/blue glasses with the red filter placed over the left eye. This stereoscopic ...

  7. Florida Model Task Force on Diabetic Retinopathy: Development of an Interagency Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groff, G.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    This article describes the development of a mechanism to organize a network in Florida for individuals who are at risk for diabetic retinopathy. The task force comprised representatives from governmental, academic, professional, and voluntary organizations. It worked to educate professionals, patients, and the public through brochures, resource…

  8. Regional synchrony of temperature variation and internal wave forcing along the Florida Keys reef tract

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leichter, James J.; Stokes, M. Dale; Vilchis, L. Ignacio; Fiechter, Jerome

    2014-01-01

    Analysis of 10 year temperature records collected along the Florida Keys reef tract (FLKRT) reveals strong, regional-scale synchrony in high-frequency temperature variation suggestive of internal wave forcing at predominately semidiurnal frequencies. In each year and at all sites, the amplitude of semidiurnal temperature variation was greatest from March to September, and markedly lower from October to February. Comparisons of the semidiurnal component of the temperature variation among sites suggest complex patterns in the arrival of internal waves, with highest cross correlation among closely spaced sites and synchrony in periods of enhanced internal wave activity across the length of the FLKRT, particularly in summer. The periods of enhanced semidiurnal temperature variation at the 20 and 30 m isobaths on the reef slopes appear to be associated with the dynamics of the Florida Current and the onshore movement of warm fronts preceding the passage of Florida Current frontal eddies. Regional-scale satellite altimetry observations suggest temporal linkages to sea surface height anomalies in the Loop Current (upstream of the Florida Current) and setup of the Tortugas Gyre. The synchronized forcing of cool water onto the reef slope sites across the FLKRT is likely to affect physiological responses to temperature variation in corals and other ectothermic organisms, as well as larval transport and nutrient dynamics with the potential for regionally coherent pulses of larvae and nutrients arriving on reef slopes across the FLKRT.

  9. Creating Florida's Multilingual Global Work Force: Educational Policies and Practices for Students Learning English as a New Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fradd, Sandra H., Ed.; Lee, Okhee, Ed.

    A selection of essays address issues in the education of students of English as a Second Language in Florida, focusing on the development of the state's labor force among this multilingual, multicultural population. Papers include: "Implications of Demographic Changes in Florida's Public School Population" (Thomas D. Boswell);…

  10. Final Environmental Assessment for the Target Enhancement Railway At Avon Park Air Force Range, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-01

    dominated by various herbaceous wetland plants (Panicum tenerum, Xyris elliottii, Rhychospora tracyi, etc.) and St . Johns wort (Hypericum fasciculatum...Florida 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7...PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) Air Combat Command,Environmental Flight,Avon Park Air Force Range,FL,33825 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION

  11. Forecasting Lightning at Kennedy Space Center/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambert, Winfred; Wheeler, Mark; Roeder, William

    2005-01-01

    The Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) developed a set of statistical forecast equations that provide a probability of lightning occurrence on Kennedy Space Center (KSC) I Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) for the day during the warm season (May September). The 45th Weather Squadron (45 WS) forecasters at CCAFS in Florida include a probability of lightning occurrence in their daily 24-hour and weekly planning forecasts, which are briefed at 1100 UTC (0700 EDT). This information is used for general scheduling of operations at CCAFS and KSC. Forecasters at the Spaceflight Meteorology Group also make thunderstorm forecasts for the KSC/CCAFS area during Shuttle flight operations. Much of the current lightning probability forecast at both groups is based on a subjective analysis of model and observational data. The objective tool currently available is the Neumann-Pfeffer Thunderstorm Index (NPTI, Neumann 1971), developed specifically for the KSCICCAFS area over 30 years ago. However, recent studies have shown that 1-day persistence provides a better forecast than the NPTI, indicating that the NPTI needed to be upgraded or replaced. Because they require a tool that provides a reliable estimate of the daily thunderstorm probability forecast, the 45 WS forecasters requested that the AMU develop a new lightning probability forecast tool using recent data and more sophisticated techniques now possible through more computing power than that available over 30 years ago. The equation development incorporated results from two research projects that investigated causes of lightning occurrence near KSCICCAFS and over the Florida peninsula. One proved that logistic regression outperformed the linear regression method used in NPTI, even when the same predictors were used. The other study found relationships between large scale flow regimes and spatial lightning distributions over Florida. Lightning, probabilities based on these flow regimes were used as candidate predictors in

  12. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Security Zone; MacDill Air Force....768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following area is a... title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base,...

  13. In Situ Biological Treatment Test at Kelly Air Force Base. Volume 3. Appendices.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-01

    UNLIMITED,, ENGINEERING & SERVICES LABORATORYC3 AIR FORCE ENGINEERING & SERVICES CENTER ts TYNDALL AIR FORCE BASE, FLORIDA 32403 9 1 NOTICE PLEASE DO NOT...Drive HQ AFESC/RDVW McLean, Virginia 22101 Tyndall AFB, Florida 32403-6001 1a. NAME OF FUNDING/ SPONSORING 8b. OFFICE SYMBOL 9. PROCUREMENT INSTRUMENT...population by the addition of nutrients and an oxygen source to promote degrada- tion of organic contaminants. In situ treatment affects contaminants

  14. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768 Section 165.768 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following area is a... title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base,...

  15. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768 Section 165.768 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following area is a... title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base,...

  16. 33 CFR 165.768 - Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Base, Tampa Bay, FL. 165.768 Section 165.768 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....768 Security Zone; MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa Bay, FL. (a) Location. The following area is a... title. All waters within Tampa Bay, Florida in the vicinity of MacDill Air Force Base,...

  17. Florida Public Health Training Center: Evidence-Based Online Mentor Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frahm, Kathryn A.; Alsac-Seitz, Biray; Mescia, Nadine; Brown, Lisa M.; Hyer, Kathy; Liburd, Desiree; Rogoff, David P.; Troutman, Adewale

    2013-01-01

    This article describes an Online Mentor Program (OMP) designed to support and facilitate mentorships among and between Florida Department of Health (FDOH) employees and USF College of Public Health students using a Web-based portal. The Florida Public Health Training Center (FPHTC) at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Public Health…

  18. Florida Public Health Training Center: Evidence-Based Online Mentor Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frahm, Kathryn A.; Alsac-Seitz, Biray; Mescia, Nadine; Brown, Lisa M.; Hyer, Kathy; Liburd, Desiree; Rogoff, David P.; Troutman, Adewale

    2013-01-01

    This article describes an Online Mentor Program (OMP) designed to support and facilitate mentorships among and between Florida Department of Health (FDOH) employees and USF College of Public Health students using a Web-based portal. The Florida Public Health Training Center (FPHTC) at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Public Health…

  19. A data-based conservation planning tool for Florida panthers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Murrow, Jennifer L.; Thatcher, Cindy A.; Van Manen, Frank T.; Clark, Joseph D.

    2013-01-01

    Habitat loss and fragmentation are the greatest threats to the endangered Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi). We developed a data-based habitat model and user-friendly interface so that land managers can objectively evaluate Florida panther habitat. We used a geographic information system (GIS) and the Mahalanobis distance statistic (D2) to develop a model based on broad-scale landscape characteristics associated with panther home ranges. Variables in our model were Euclidean distance to natural land cover, road density, distance to major roads, human density, amount of natural land cover, amount of semi-natural land cover, amount of permanent or semi-permanent flooded area–open water, and a cost–distance variable. We then developed a Florida Panther Habitat Estimator tool, which automates and replicates the GIS processes used to apply the statistical habitat model. The estimator can be used by persons with moderate GIS skills to quantify effects of land-use changes on panther habitat at local and landscape scales. Example applications of the tool are presented.

  20. 33 CFR 334.740 - Weekley Bayou, an arm of Boggy Bayou, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Bayou, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area. 334.740 Section 334.740 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.740 Weekley Bayou, an arm of Boggy Bayou, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area. (a... permission of the Commander, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, or his authorized representative. (2)...

  1. 33 CFR 334.740 - Weekley Bayou, an arm of Boggy Bayou, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Bayou, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area. 334.740 Section 334.740 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.740 Weekley Bayou, an arm of Boggy Bayou, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area. (a... permission of the Commander, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, or his authorized representative. (2)...

  2. 33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334.635 Section 334.635 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.635 Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area... section shall be enforced by the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, and/or such persons...

  3. 33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334.635 Section 334.635 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.635 Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area... section shall be enforced by the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, and/or such persons or...

  4. 33 CFR 334.635 - Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334.635 Section 334.635 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.635 Hillsborough Bay and waters contiguous to MacDill Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area... section shall be enforced by the Commander, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, and/or such persons or...

  5. 33 CFR 334.750 - Ben's Lake, a tributary of Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area. 334.750 Section 334.750 Navigation and... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.750 Ben's Lake, a tributary of Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force..., without the permission of the Commander, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, or his authorized representative...

  6. 33 CFR 334.750 - Ben's Lake, a tributary of Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area. 334.750 Section 334.750 Navigation and... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.750 Ben's Lake, a tributary of Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force..., without the permission of the Commander, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, or his authorized representative...

  7. 300 Years of Run-off Changes in Subtropical Florida Forced by Solar Irradiance, Hurricanes, and Human Impact

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorissen, M.; Donders, T. H.; Sangiorgi, F.; Wagner, F.

    2007-12-01

    The coastal wetland ecosystems in Florida are highly sensitive to changes in fresh water run-off, and have experienced significant impacts from recent land use and sea level changes. In addition, the fresh water flow is likely influenced by variations in precipitation, which in Florida is partly related to El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) variability and tropical storm activity. We present a 300- year record of past changes in the hydrological cycle from a subtropical estuary (Rookery Bay) on the western shelf of Florida, Gulf of Mexico. Palynological and sedimentological analyses of a shallow sediment core reveal significant past changes in run-off and wetland development. Radiocarbon dating and first occurrences of exotic plant species provide a core chronology; age at 60 cm depth is approximately AD 1690. The onset and development of human impact in Florida is evident from high influx rates of Ambrosia pollen, which are indicative of land clearance, and reduced abundance of wetland taxa since AD 1900. Sedimentological analysis reveals several phases of high siliciclastic input, which are interpreted as phases with increased run-off, and are confirmed by higher wetland pollen abundance. High run-off phases consistently correlate to multi- decadal maxima in solar activity. Maximal run-off rates after AD 1900 also relate to increased land clearance and drainage, and correspondingly higher impact from hurricane landfalls in SW Florida. The record can help to reconcile different views on the impact of solar irradiance changes in subtropical Florida, as primarily responding to tropical pacific (ENSO) changes or North Atlantic forcing during the Little Ice Age period. In addition, information on pre-impact state of the coastal ecosystems will help wetland restoration efforts.

  8. Installation Restoration Program. Phase I: Records Search Goodfellow Air Force Base, Texas.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-03-01

    1980. Paleozic Stratigrapohy of the Llano Region, Texas . West Texas Geological Society. Wermund, E.G. and Jenkins, W.A. Jr. 1969. Late Pennsylvanian...AD-A±54 713 INSTALLATION RESTORATION PROGRAM PHASE I: RECORDS ±4 SEARCH GOODFELLON AIR FORCE BASE TEXAS (U) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING INC...SEARCH GOODFELLW AIR FORCE BASE TEXAS 4. Prepared for: UNITED STATES AIR FORCE HQ A1ESC/IZVP Tyndall AFB, Florida and HQ ATC/DEEV Randolph APB, Texas

  9. The Relative Benefits and Cost of Medicaid Home- and Community-Based Services in Florida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Glenn, II; Salmon, Jennifer R.; Polivka, Larry; Soberon-Ferrer, Horacio

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: We compared inpatient days, nursing home days, and total Medicaid claims for five Medicaid-funded home- and community-based services (HCBS) programs for in-home and assisted living services in Florida. Design and Methods: We studied a single cohort of Medicaid enrollees in Florida aged 60 and older, who were enrolled for the first time in…

  10. Revisiting Grade Retention: An Evaluation of Florida's Test-Based Promotion Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

    2007-01-01

    In 2002, Florida adopted a test-based promotion policy in the third grade in an attempt to end social promotion. Similar policies are currently operating in Texas, New York City, and Chicago and affect at least 17 percent of public school students nationwide. Using individual-level data on the universe of public school students in Florida, we…

  11. Revisiting Grade Retention: An Evaluation of Florida's Test-Based Promotion Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

    2007-01-01

    In 2002, Florida adopted a test-based promotion policy in the third grade in an attempt to end social promotion. Similar policies are currently operating in Texas, New York City, and Chicago and affect at least 17 percent of public school students nationwide. Using individual-level data on the universe of public school students in Florida, we…

  12. The Control of West Florida Continental Shelf Material Property Distributions by a Combination of Deep-Ocean and Local Forcing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weisberg, R. H.

    2016-02-01

    Often described as oligotrophic, the west Florida continental shelf supports abundant fisheries and experiences inter-annual blooms of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis. Through a coordinated program of coastal ocean observing and modeling, the ecology of the west Florida shelf is shown to be governed by a combination of deep-ocean interactions with the shelf slope and local forcing, each of which alters material properties. Local forcing primarily influences the inner shelf, but deep-ocean forcing, under certain conditions, may set the entire shelf in motion, resulting in injections of new inorganic nutrients by upwelling across the shelf break and subsequent transport to the nearshore. Model simulations, when gauged against in situ observations, are useful for addressing such pathways and mechanisms of across shelf transport, and recent ecological applications include: 1) HAB occurrence, 2) gag larvae recruitment and 3) fish lesions found post DWH oil spill. Particle trajectories, either on fixed levels (surface and near bottom) or along isopycnal surfaces (for more general water parcel considerations) are useful for investigating connectivity and defining the origins (depths and locations) of anomalous water properties that are found near shore. These results also suggest design considerations for coastal ocean observing system implementation.

  13. Measuring crown dynamics of longleaf pine in the sandhills of Eglin Air Force Base

    Treesearch

    Matt Anderson; Greg L. Somers; W. Rick Smith; Mickey Freeland; Donna Ruth

    1998-01-01

    The USDA Forest Service SRS, in cooperation with Auburn University, is developing an individual tree, spatially explicit, and btoiogicaily based growth model for natural iongieaf pine sands at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida. The goal of the growth model is to provide a tool for the land managers to compare silvicultural practices effects on the light and water...

  14. Offshore forcing on the "pressure point" of the West Florida Shelf: Anomalous upwelling and its influence on harmful algal blooms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Yonggang; Weisberg, Robert H.; Lenes, Jason M.; Zheng, Lianyuan; Hubbard, Katherine; Walsh, John J.

    2016-08-01

    Gulf of Mexico Loop Current (LC) interactions with the West Florida Shelf (WFS) slope play an important role in shelf ecology through the upwelling of new inorganic nutrients across the shelf break. This is particularly the case when the LC impinges upon the shelf slope in the southwest portion of the WFS near the Dry Tortugas. By contacting shallow water isobaths at this "pressure point" the LC forcing sets the entire shelf into motion. Characteristic patterns of LC interactions with the WFS and their occurrences are identified using unsupervised neural network, self-organizing map, from 23 years (1993-2015) of altimetry data. The duration of the occurrences of such LC patterns is used as an indicator of offshore forcing of anomalous upwelling. Consistency is found between the altimetry-derived offshore forcing and the occurrence and severity of WFS coastal blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis: years without major blooms tend to have prolonged LC contact at the "pressure point," whereas years with major blooms tend not to have prolonged offshore forcing. Resetting the nutrient state of the shelf by the coastal ocean circulation in response to deep-ocean forcing demonstrates the importance of physical oceanography in shelf ecology. A satellite altimetry-derived seasonal predictor for major K. brevis blooms is also proposed.

  15. A long telephoto lens captured Space Shuttle Endeavour landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    A long telephoto lens captured Space Shuttle Endeavour landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on May 1, 2001. NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards would subsequently service the shuttle and mount it on a 747 for the ferry flight to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

  16. Space Shuttle Endeavour flares for landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California to conclude STS-100

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    At the conclusion of Space Shuttle Mission STS-100, Endeavour landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, May 1, 2001. There the Orbiter would be readied by technicians at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center for return to Kennedy Space Center, Florida, atop a 747 carrier aircraft.

  17. Space Shuttle Endeavour flares for landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California to conclude STS-100

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2001-05-01

    At the conclusion of Space Shuttle Mission STS-100, Endeavour landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, May 1, 2001. There the Orbiter would be readied by technicians at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center for return to Kennedy Space Center, Florida, atop a 747 carrier aircraft.

  18. Space-Based Detection of Sinkhole Activity in Central Florida

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliver-Cabrera, T.; Kruse, S.; Wdowinski, S.

    2015-12-01

    Central Florida's thick carbonate deposits and hydrological conditions have made the area prone to sinkhole development. Sinkhole collapse is a major geologic hazard in central Florida threatening human life and causing substantial damage to property. According to the Florida Senate report in 2010, between 2006-2010 total insurance claims due to sinkhole activity were around $200 million per year. Detecting sinkhole deformation before a collapse is a very difficult task, due to small or sometimes unnoticeable surface changes. Most techniques used to monitor sinkholes provide very localized information and cannot be implemented to study broad areas. This is the case of central Florida, where the active zone spans over hundreds of square-kilometers. In this study we use Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) observations acquired over several locations in central Florida to detect possible pre-collapse deformation. The study areas were selected because they have shown suspicious sinkhole behavior. One of the sites collapsed on March 2013 destroying a property and killing a man. To generate the InSAR results we use six datasets acquired by the TerraSAR-X and Cosmo-SkyMed satellites with various acquisition modes reflecting pixel resolutions between 25cm and 2m. Preliminary InSAR results show good coherence over constructed areas and low coherence in vegetated zones, justifying our analysis that focuses on the man-made structures. After full datasets will be acquired, a Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) time series analysis will be performed for detecting localized deformation at spatial scale of 1-5 meters. The project results will be verified using Ground Penetrating Radar.

  19. Situational Lightning Climatologies for Central Florida: Phase IV: Central Florida Flow Regime Based Climatologies of Lightning Probabilities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bauman, William H., III

    2009-01-01

    The threat of lightning is a daily concern during the warm season in Florida. Research has revealed distinct spatial and temporal distributions of lightning occurrence that are strongly influenced by large-scale atmospheric flow regimes. Previously, the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) calculated the gridded lightning climatologies based on seven flow regimes over Florida for 1-, 3- and 6-hr intervals in 5-, 10-, 20-, and 30-NM diameter range rings around the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) and eight other airfields in the National Weather Service in Melbourne (NWS MLB) county warning area (CWA). In this update to the work, the AMU recalculated the lightning climatologies for using individual lightning strike data to improve the accuracy of the climatologies. The AMU included all data regardless of flow regime as one of the stratifications, added monthly stratifications, added three years of data to the period of record and used modified flow regimes based work from the AMU's Objective Lightning Probability Forecast Tool, Phase II. The AMU made changes so the 5- and 10-NM radius range rings are consistent with the aviation forecast requirements at NWS MLB, while the 20- and 30-NM radius range rings at the SLF assist the Spaceflight Meteorology Group in making forecasts for weather Flight Rule violations during Shuttle landings. The AMU also updated the graphical user interface with the new data.

  20. 33 CFR 334.605 - Meloy Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Miami Beach, Florida; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Base Miami Beach, Florida; restricted area. 334.605 Section 334.605 Navigation and Navigable Waters... REGULATIONS § 334.605 Meloy Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Miami Beach, Florida; restricted area. (a) The area... approval from the Base Commander, U.S. Coast Guard Base Miami Beach or his/her designated representative...

  1. Florida's Workforce 2005.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Labor and Employment Security, Tallahassee.

    This report analyzes projected changes in population, labor force, and employment by industry and occupation for Florida between 1995 and 2005. More than 50 charts and graphs provide statistics on the following: Florida's population, labor force 1975-2005; employment 1975-2005; industry employment 1995-2005; occupational employment (general);…

  2. Valuing nature-based recreation in public natural areas of the Apalachicola River region, Florida.

    PubMed

    Shrestha, Ram K; Stein, Taylor V; Clark, Julie

    2007-12-01

    As more people visit natural areas for tourism and recreation purposes, it is becoming increasingly important to understand the value they place on these natural resources. Specifically, tourists to Florida have been increasingly interested in visiting natural areas, forests, parks, and preserves-highlighting the importance of this new and growing phenomenon. We analyze visitors' demand for nature-based recreation in the Apalachicola River region of Florida using the travel cost method. The results from a count data regression model reveal that on average visitors would pay 74.18 dollars per visit-day for nature-based recreation resulting in a total economic value of 484.56 million dollars attributable to nature-based recreation in the Apalachicola River region. Results of this study provide useful information for natural resources management in the region and a rationale to preserve Florida's unique ecosystems.

  3. Microtubule-based force generation.

    PubMed

    Kent, Ian A; Lele, Tanmay P

    2017-05-01

    Microtubules are vital to many important cell processes, such as cell division, transport of cellular cargo, organelle positioning, and cell migration. Owing to their diverse functions, understanding microtubule function is an important part of cell biological research that can help in combating various diseases. For example, microtubules are an important target of chemotherapeutic drugs such as paclitaxel because of their pivotal role in cell division. Many functions of microtubules relate to the generation of mechanical forces. These forces are generally either a direct result of microtubule polymerization/depolymerization or generated by motor proteins that move processively along microtubules. In this review, we summarize recent efforts to quantify and model force generation by microtubules in the context of microtubule function. WIREs Nanomed Nanobiotechnol 2017, 9:e1428. doi: 10.1002/wnan.1428 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Florida's Work-Based Learning and Child Labor Law. Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. School-to-Work Clearinghouse.

    This guide was developed to address issues related to work-based learning experiences at an employer's worksite and to explain when and how federal and state (Florida) labor laws and minimum wage provisions apply. It includes the following documents: "Definitions of Terms--Work Based Learning" (Institute for Workforce Competitiveness);…

  5. Florida's Work-Based Learning and Child Labor Law. Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. School-to-Work Clearinghouse.

    This guide was developed to address issues related to work-based learning experiences at an employer's worksite and to explain when and how federal and state (Florida) labor laws and minimum wage provisions apply. It includes the following documents: "Definitions of Terms--Work Based Learning" (Institute for Workforce Competitiveness);…

  6. Object-based benthic habitat mapping in the Florida Keys from hyperspectral imagery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Caiyun; Selch, Donna; Xie, Zhixiao; Roberts, Charles; Cooper, Hannah; Chen, Ge

    2013-12-01

    Accurate mapping of benthic habitats in the Florida Keys is essential in developing effective management strategies for this unique coastal ecosystem. In this study, we evaluated the applicability of hyperspectral imagery collected from Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) for benthic habitat mapping in the Florida Keys. An overall accuracy of 84.3% and 86.7% was achieved respectively for a group-level (3-class) and code-level (12-class) classification by integrating object-based image analysis (OBIA), hyperspectral image processing methods, and machine learning algorithms. Accurate and informative object-based benthic habitat maps were produced. Three commonly used image correction procedures (atmospheric, sun-glint, and water-column corrections) were proved unnecessary for small area mapping in the Florida Keys. Inclusion of bathymetry data in the mapping procedure did not increase the classification accuracy. This study indicates that hyperspectral systems are promising in accurate benthic habitat mapping at a fine detail level.

  7. Cost analysis of a community-based fall prevention program being delivered in South Florida.

    PubMed

    Page, Timothy F; Batra, Anamica; Palmer, Richard

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to measure the costs of delivering a fall prevention program by community agencies in South Florida. Cost data were collected from agencies participating in the delivery of Matter of Balance workshops in South Florida. Cost information included both initial implementation and ongoing workshop delivery costs. Average costs for implementation per program completer were $325 during the first year in which the program was offered and $176 during the second year of the program. Matter of Balance is a relatively inexpensive fall prevention program. This has implications for the further dissemination and sustainability of evidence-based programs for elderly individuals.

  8. The Impact of Standards-Based Reform in Duval County, Florida: 1999-2002

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Supovitz, Jonathan A.; Taylor, Brooke Snyder

    2003-01-01

    The major challenge that school districts face is to improve the learning of all students, not just in individual schools, but across the entire system of schools. Duval County, Florida has embarked on a remarkable journey to implement standards-based reform in schools throughout the district with the intent to systematically improve teaching and…

  9. The Medium-Run Effects of Florida's Test-Based Promotion Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, Marcus A.; Greene, Jay P.

    2012-01-01

    We use a regression discontinuity strategy to produce causal estimates for the effect of remediation under Florida's test-based promotion policy on multiple outcomes for up to five years after the intervention. Students subjected to the policy were retained in the third grade, were required to be assigned to a high-quality teacher during the…

  10. HABITAT ASSESSMENT USING A RANDOM PROBABILITY BASED SAMPLING DESIGN: ESCAMBIA RIVER DELTA, FLORIDA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Smith, Lisa M., Darrin D. Dantin and Steve Jordan. In press. Habitat Assessment Using a Random Probability Based Sampling Design: Escambia River Delta, Florida (Abstract). To be presented at the SWS/GERS Fall Joint Society Meeting: Communication and Collaboration: Coastal Systems...

  11. HABITAT ASSESSMENT USING A RANDOM PROBABILITY BASED SAMPLING DESIGN: ESCAMBIA RIVER DELTA, FLORIDA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Smith, Lisa M., Darrin D. Dantin and Steve Jordan. In press. Habitat Assessment Using a Random Probability Based Sampling Design: Escambia River Delta, Florida (Abstract). To be presented at the SWS/GERS Fall Joint Society Meeting: Communication and Collaboration: Coastal Systems...

  12. Facilitating the Establishment of Competency-Based Vocational Programs: Florida's Vocational Instructional Materials Acquisition System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Romeo M.; Kromhout, Ora M.

    The Vocational Instructional Materials Acquisition System (VIMAS) was developed in Florida to facilitate the establishment of competency-based vocational programs through dissemination of instructional mateials. VIMAS is a comprehensive system of components which work interdependently from the identification of needs to the dissemination and…

  13. Accounting for Equity: Performance-Based Budgeting and Fiscal Equity in Florida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullin, Christopher M.; Honeyman, David S.

    2008-01-01

    Institutional performance was a topic given considerable attention by the Commission on the Future of Higher Education. Florida's Community College System responded to the challenge by committing to increase performance-based funding allocations from less than 2% to 5% of total state appropriations. Results of the analysis indicated that…

  14. The Effects of Exemptions to Florida's Test-Based Promotion Policy: Who Is Retained?--Who Benefits Academically?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.

    2009-01-01

    We evaluate the impact of Florida's test-based promotion policy on the probability that low-performing students are retained using data on the universe of third-grade students in the state of Florida from 2001 to 2004. We also examine the effect of formal exemptions to the policy on student proficiency in reading two years later. In an evaluation…

  15. Phenology of Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Florida based on attraction of adult males to pheromone traps

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Research was conducted in Florida to assess the phenology of pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green), based on numbers of adult males captured at traps baited with a synthetic pheromone. Trapping was conducted at three locations in east central Florida in ornamental plantings of hib...

  16. 33 CFR 334.746 - U.S. Coast Guard, Destin Station at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false U.S. Coast Guard, Destin Station... REGULATIONS § 334.746 U.S. Coast Guard, Destin Station at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a) The... the area without the permission of the Commander, U.S. Coast Guard, Destin Station, Florida, or his...

  17. Implementation cost analysis of a community-based exercise program for seniors in South Florida.

    PubMed

    Page, Timothy F; Batra, Anamica; Ghouse, Muddasir M; Palmer, Richard C

    2014-07-01

    The objective of the study was to measure the costs of implementing the EnhanceFitness program to elderly residents of South Florida. The Health Foundation of South Florida's Healthy Aging Regional Collaborative implemented EnhanceFitness as part of their initiative to make evidence-based healthy aging programs available to South Florida seniors. Cost data were collected from agencies participating in the delivery of EnhanceFitness classes in South Florida. Cost questionnaires were e-mailed to program coordinators from agencies participating in the delivery of EnhanceFitness classes. Program coordinators worked with accounting staff to complete the questionnaires. Questionnaires were returned via e-mail. Costs were presented from the perspective of participating agencies. Total costs were divided by the number of classes being offered by each agency to determine cost per class per month. Average monthly costs per class were $1,713 during the first year of implementation and $873 during the second year of implementation. The cost measurements, combined with information from the literature on cost savings attributable to EnhanceFitness participation, suggest that EnhanceFitness has the potential to generate a net societal cost savings among program participants. The results are useful for community agencies considering implementing EnhanceFitness for their populations.

  18. Force based displacement measurement in micromechanical devices

    SciTech Connect

    O {close_quote}Shea, S. J.; Ng, C. K.; Tan, Y. Y.; Xu, Y.; Tay, E. H.; Chua, B. L.; Tien, N. C.; Tang, X. S.; Chen, W. T.

    2001-06-18

    We demonstrate how force detection methods based on atomic force microscopy can be used to measure displacement in micromechanical devices. We show the operation of a simple microfabricated accelerometer, the proof mass of which incorporates a tip which can be moved towards an opposing surface. Both noncontact operation using long range electrostatic forces and tapping mode operation are demonstrated. The displacement sensitivity of the present device using feedback to control the tip-surface separation is approximately 1 nm. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

  19. A population-based epidemiologic analysis of deaths from anaphylaxis in Florida.

    PubMed

    Simon, M R; Mulla, Z D

    2008-08-01

    Previous US population-based epidemiologic studies of anaphylactic deaths have been limited by small populations and/or few deaths. The objective of this study was to determine the 10-year incidence of death from anaphylaxis in Florida and its descriptive epidemiology. Patients who died from anaphylaxis from 1996 to 2005 were identified from ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes on death certificates statewide. Age, race and gender-specific anaphylactic death rates were calculated. There were 89 deaths among Florida residents. The individuals with autopsy confirmed diagnoses, and those with clinical diagnoses only, did not differ with regard to race, anaphylactic triggers or the clinical variables of lung and heart disease. Annual death rate for anaphylaxis in Florida was 5.02/10 000 000. The relative risk of death from anaphylaxis was 14.09 for individuals > or =65 years old (P = 0.0000002) and 6.38 for individuals 35-64 years old (P = 0.0019) compared with those who were 5-14 years of age. Deaths among Florida residents that occurred in emergency rooms or outpatient settings were 2.11 times as likely to be anaphylactic deaths than deaths that occurred in inpatient settings (P = 0.0026). The ratios of anaphylactic deaths to total deaths in March and April and in July and August were greater than the ratios for the other bimonthly periods (P = 0.02). Death from anaphylaxis in Florida was more likely to occur in older individuals, in an emergency department, and in the months of March and April and July and August.

  20. A force-based protein biochip

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blank, K.; Mai, T.; Gilbert, I.; Schiffmann, S.; Rankl, J.; Zivin, R.; Tackney, C.; Nicolaus, T.; Spinnler, K.; Oesterhelt, F.; Benoit, M.; Clausen-Schaumann, H.; Gaub, H. E.

    2003-09-01

    A parallel assay for the quantification of single-molecule binding forces was developed based on differential unbinding force measurements where ligand-receptor interactions are compared with the unzipping forces of DNA hybrids. Using the DNA zippers as molecular force sensors, the efficient discrimination between specific and nonspecific interactions was demonstrated for small molecules binding to specific receptors, as well as for protein-protein interactions on protein arrays. Finally, an antibody sandwich assay with different capture antibodies on one chip surface and with the detection antibodies linked to a congruent surface via the DNA zippers was used to capture and quantify a recombinant hepatitis C antigen from solution. In this case, the DNA zippers enable not only discrimination between specific and nonspecific binding, but also allow for the local application of detection antibodies, thereby eliminating false-positive results caused by cross-reactive antibodies and nonspecific binding.

  1. Cell diagnosis based on optical forces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sridharan, Meghna; Wei, Yanzhang; Peng, Xiang; Gao, Bruce Z.

    2005-08-01

    In this article, we report the development of a novel system for distinguishing various types of cell based on the differences in the values of optical forces experienced by them. The laser induced optical forces arise when molecules comprising the cell interact with the photons of the laser beam resulting in an exchange of momentum. The basic principle is based on the phenomenon of laser cell guidance: a cell, in proximity of a weakly focused laser beam experiences a net force which attracts it to the centre of the beam and propels it along the axis of the beam. The 'guidance' is thus a direct result of the optical forces experienced by the cell. The guidance force experienced by the cell is directly related to the amount of momentum exchange, which in turn depends on factors such as the cell shape and size, the refractive index difference between the materials composing the cell and the materials in the culture media, and the properties of the beam. Since different cell types have different physical properties, they experience different optical (guiding) forces when they interact with the same laser beam. Since guidance force causes the cells to be propelled along the axis of the beam, the force with which the cell is propelled will directly determine the velocity with which the cell will move along the beam. Hence different types of cells will move with different velocities. Thus by studying this motion of cell, we in turn study the forces experienced by the cell. We propose that by analyzing the velocity with which cells are being guided by a laser beam, we can develop a technique to distinguish various cell types. Extensive GLMT theories calculate and predict theoretically the forces experienced by particles of a given size and refractive index for a given set of beam parameters. These theories are used as the basis to make judgments about the validity of our velocity and force calculation. The velocity assessments are conducted for a statistically significant

  2. Curriculum-Based Vocational Assessment (CBVA) in Florida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfenninger, Peggy; Stodden, Robert

    This guide is designed to assist districts in developing and implementing Curriculum-Based Vocational Assessment (CBVA) as an integral part of the career/vocational program for students with disabilities. The document begins with a User's Guide that describes each part of the guide and makes suggestions for its use. Part 1 explains what CBVA is…

  3. Biogenic methane from abyssal brine seeps at the base of the Florida escarpment

    SciTech Connect

    Martens, C.S.; Chanton, J.P.; Paull, C.K. )

    1991-08-01

    Dissolved methane is present at concentrations exceeding 10mM in the pore waters of sulfidic, salt-brine-enriched sediments underlying chemosynthetic communities at the base of the Florida escarpment. Light hydrocarbon samples were obtained from brine seep sediments by means of an in situ probe and push cores deployed by the deep submersible Alvin. Pore-water methane had a {delta}{sup 13}C value of {minus}83.3 {plus minus}7.0 (Peedee belemnite, N = 17), contained < 1.3% modern carbon, and was enriched over ethane concentrations by 10{sup 3} to 10{sup 5}; these results all indicate a fossil, biogenic carbon source within the Florida platform. Methane-rich brine fluids arriving at seep sites are depleted in dissolved sulfate, although they have been diluted twenty-fold with sulfate-rich seawater during transit. It appears that sulfate reduction and methano-genesis are important processes within the platform.

  4. A Conservation-Based Approach to Compensation for Livestock Depredation: The Florida Panther Case Study.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, Caitlin E; Main, Martin B

    2015-01-01

    Calf (Bos taurus) depredation by the federally endangered Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi) on ranches in southwest Florida is an important issue because ranches represent mixed landscapes that provide habitat critical to panther recovery. The objectives of this study were to (1) quantify calf depredation by panthers on two ranches in southwest Florida, and (2) develop a habitat suitability model to evaluate the quality of panther hunting habitat on ranchlands, assess whether the model could predict predation risk to calves, and discuss its potential to be incorporated into an incentive-based compensation program. We ear-tagged 409 calves with VHF transmitters on two ranches during 2011-2013 to document calf mortality. We developed a model to evaluate the quality of panther hunting habitat on private lands in southwest Florida using environmental variables obtained from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI) Cooperative Landcover Database and nocturnal GPS locations of panthers provided by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC). We then tested whether the model could predict the location of calf depredation sites. Tagged calf loss to panthers varied between the two ranches (0.5%/yr to 5.3%/yr) and may have been influenced by the amount of panther hunting habitat on each ranch as the ranch that experienced higher depredation rates contained a significantly higher probability of panther presence. Depredation sites of tagged calves had a significantly greater probability of panther presence than depredation sites of untagged calves that were found by ranchers in open pastures. This suggests that there may be more calves killed in high risk environments than are being found and reported by ranchers and that panthers can hunt effectively in open environments. It also suggests that the model may provide a means for evaluating the quality of panther hunting habitat and the corresponding risk of depredation to livestock across the landscape. We

  5. A Conservation-Based Approach to Compensation for Livestock Depredation: The Florida Panther Case Study

    PubMed Central

    Jacobs, Caitlin E.; Main, Martin B.

    2015-01-01

    Calf (Bos taurus) depredation by the federally endangered Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi) on ranches in southwest Florida is an important issue because ranches represent mixed landscapes that provide habitat critical to panther recovery. The objectives of this study were to (1) quantify calf depredation by panthers on two ranches in southwest Florida, and (2) develop a habitat suitability model to evaluate the quality of panther hunting habitat on ranchlands, assess whether the model could predict predation risk to calves, and discuss its potential to be incorporated into an incentive-based compensation program. We ear-tagged 409 calves with VHF transmitters on two ranches during 2011–2013 to document calf mortality. We developed a model to evaluate the quality of panther hunting habitat on private lands in southwest Florida using environmental variables obtained from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI) Cooperative Landcover Database and nocturnal GPS locations of panthers provided by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC). We then tested whether the model could predict the location of calf depredation sites. Tagged calf loss to panthers varied between the two ranches (0.5%/yr to 5.3%/yr) and may have been influenced by the amount of panther hunting habitat on each ranch as the ranch that experienced higher depredation rates contained a significantly higher probability of panther presence. Depredation sites of tagged calves had a significantly greater probability of panther presence than depredation sites of untagged calves that were found by ranchers in open pastures. This suggests that there may be more calves killed in high risk environments than are being found and reported by ranchers and that panthers can hunt effectively in open environments. It also suggests that the model may provide a means for evaluating the quality of panther hunting habitat and the corresponding risk of depredation to livestock across the landscape

  6. Fiber Bragg Grating based bite force measurement.

    PubMed

    Umesh, Sharath; Padma, Srivani; Asokan, Sundarrajan; Srinivas, Talabattula

    2016-09-06

    The present study reports an in vivo, novel methodology for the dynamic measurement of the bite force generated by individual tooth using a Fiber Bragg Grating Bite Force Recorder (FBGBFR). Bite force is considered as one of the major indicators of the functional state of the masticatory system, which is dependent on the craniomandibular structure comprising functional components such as muscles of mastication, joints and teeth. The proposed FBGBFR is an intra-oral device, developed for the transduction of the bite force exerted at the occlusal surface, into strain variations on a base plate, which in turn is sensed by the FBG sensor bonded over it. The FBGBFR is calibrated against a Micro Universal Testing Machine (UTM) for 0-900N range and the resolution of the developed FBGBFR is found to be 0.54N. 36 volunteers (20 males and 16 females) performed the bite force measurement test at molar, premolar and incisor tooth on either side of the dental arch and the obtained results show clinically relevant bite forces varying from 176N to 635N. The bite forces obtained from the current study for a substantial sample size, show that the bite forces increases along the dental arch from the incisors towards the molars and are found to be higher in male than in female. The FBG sensor element utilized in FBGBFR is electrically passive, which makes it a safe in vivo intra-oral device. Hence the FBGBFR is viable to be employed in clinical studies on biomechanics of oral function. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Before you open the doors: ten lessons from Florida's Faith and Community-Based Delinquency Treatment Initiative.

    PubMed

    Lane, Jodi; Lanza-Kaduce, Lonn

    2007-04-01

    In 2003, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) provided Florida's Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) with a $3.5 million grant to design and implement a faith- and community-based program for incarcerated juveniles. Florida's experience developing a completely new program has provided valuable lessons regarding important issues to consider and address before clients are referred to the program. This article enumerates 10 key lessons from Florida's experience that can provide important guidance to other sites across the country hoping to develop faith-related services for youths in institutions.

  8. Air Force Research Laboratory, Edwards Air Force Base, CA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-27

    Air Force Research Laboratory (AFMC) AFRL /RZS 1 Ara Road Edwards AFB CA 93524-7013 AFRL -RZ-ED-VG-2011-269 9...SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) Air Force Research Laboratory (AFMC) AFRL /RZS 11. SPONSOR...Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239.18 Air Force Research Laboratory Ed d Ai F B CA Col Mike Platt war s r orce

  9. Geothermal Resource Verification for Air Force Bases,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    Geothermal Resources ............................ 12 Overview ........................................................ 12 Hydrothermal Convection Systems...exploration techniques. In some regions where thick sedimentary occur usable hydrothermal resources may be encountered in deep v.elIE where there is no...effort to locate a low to moderate temperature hydrothermal regime suitable for space heating at Hill Air Force Base, Utah, was recently completed and

  10. 3. SOUTH SIDE. Edwards Air Force Base, South Base ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. SOUTH SIDE. - Edwards Air Force Base, South Base Sled Track, Firing & Control Blockhouse for 10,000-foot Track, South of Sled Track at midpoint of 20,000-foot track, Lancaster, Los Angeles County, CA

  11. Keesler Air Force Base team tours Stennis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2009-01-01

    Stennis Space Center Deputy Director Patrick Scheuermann (seated, center) welcomed members of the Keesler Air Force Base management team from Biloxi during a Nov. 4 tour of the rocket engine test facility. During the visit, Keesler team members toured several areas, including the A-3 Test Stand construction site and the Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne engine assembly facility. Management team members visiting Stennis included Brig. Gen. Ian R. Dickinson (seated, right), commander of the Keesler base, and Col. Christopher Valle (seated, left), vice commander of the base.

  12. Keesler Air Force Base team tours Stennis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2009-01-01

    Stennis Space Center Deputy Director Patrick Scheuermann (seated, center) welcomed members of the Keesler Air Force Base management team from Biloxi during a Nov. 4 tour of the rocket engine test facility. During the visit, Keesler team members toured several areas, including the A-3 Test Stand construction site and the Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne engine assembly facility. Management team members visiting Stennis included Brig. Gen. Ian R. Dickinson (seated, right), commander of the Keesler base, and Col. Christopher Valle (seated, left), vice commander of the base.

  13. Final Environmental Assessment for the Installation of a Range Safety Lighting System at Avon Park Air Force Range, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    rat snake, red-shouldered hawk, bobwhite, opossum, cottontail rabbit, cotton rat, cotton mouse , raccoon, striped skunk, bobcat, and white-tailed...kestrel, brown-headed nuthatch, pine warbler, red-cockaded woodpecker (RCW), Bachman’s sparrow, cotton rat, cotton mouse , wild hogs, raccoon, gray...coachwhip, ground dove, loggerhead shrike, yellow-rumped warbler, eastern towhee, Florida mouse , and spotted skunk. Scrub Scrub communities are dense to

  14. Final Environmental Assessment: For the Construction of the Satellite Operations Support Facility on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-01

    include the eastern diamondback rattlesnake, eastern coachwhip, ghost crabs , box turtle, cotton mouse, and armadillo. Nesting occurs from late April...significant. Biological Resources Native habitat currently exists on the proposed site of construction. The construction of the facility will require...the permanent removal of approximately 0.6 acres of overgrown oak scrub habitat , and the potential to impact the federally threatened Florida Scrub-Jay

  15. Development and implementation of a Bayesian-based aquifer vulnerability assessment in Florida

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Arthur, J.D.; Wood, H.A.R.; Baker, A.E.; Cichon, J.R.; Raines, G.L.

    2007-01-01

    The Florida Aquifer Vulnerability Assessment (FAVA) was designed to provide a tool for environmental, regulatory, resource management, and planning professionals to facilitate protection of groundwater resources from surface sources of contamination. The FAVA project implements weights-of-evidence (WofE), a data-driven, Bayesian-probabilistic model to generate a series of maps reflecting relative aquifer vulnerability of Florida's principal aquifer systems. The vulnerability assessment process, from project design to map implementation is described herein in reference to the Floridan aquifer system (FAS). The WofE model calculates weighted relationships between hydrogeologic data layers that influence aquifer vulnerability and ambient groundwater parameters in wells that reflect relative degrees of vulnerability. Statewide model input data layers (evidential themes) include soil hydraulic conductivity, density of karst features, thickness of aquifer confinement, and hydraulic head difference between the FAS and the watertable. Wells with median dissolved nitrogen concentrations exceeding statistically established thresholds serve as training points in the WofE model. The resulting vulnerability map (response theme) reflects classified posterior probabilities based on spatial relationships between the evidential themes and training points. The response theme is subjected to extensive sensitivity and validation testing. Among the model validation techniques is calculation of a response theme based on a different water-quality indicator of relative recharge or vulnerability: dissolved oxygen. Successful implementation of the FAVA maps was facilitated by the overall project design, which included a needs assessment and iterative technical advisory committee input and review. Ongoing programs to protect Florida's springsheds have led to development of larger-scale WofE-based vulnerability assessments. Additional applications of the maps include land-use planning

  16. Modifications to the Objective Lightning Probability Forecast Tool at Kennedy Space Center/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crawford, Winifred; Roeder, William

    2010-01-01

    The 45th Weather Squadron (45 WS) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) includes the probability of lightning occurrence in their 24-Hour and Weekly Planning Forecasts, briefed at 0700 EDT for daily operations planning on Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and CCAFS. This forecast is based on subjective analyses of model and observational data and output from an objective tool developed by the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU). This tool was developed over two phases (Lambert and Wheeler 2005, Lambert 2007). It consists of five equations, one for each warm season month (May-Sep), that calculate the probability of lightning occurrence for the day and a graphical user interface (GUI) to display the output. The Phase I and II equations outperformed previous operational tools by a total of 56%. Based on this success, the 45 WS tasked the AMU with Phase III to improve the tool further.

  17. Florida's Youth, Florida's Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgkinson, Harold L.

    Florida's children face the same health and welfare issues found in many other states. Changing family structure, growing poverty among families with young children, limited access to health and social services, an expanding immigrant population, and a tough state budget situation make focusing on children increasingly important for policymakers.…

  18. Program Review Report on the College of Dentistry, University of Florida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christiansen, Richard

    The programs offered by the College of Dentistry at the University of Florida (UF) were reviewed by an outside consultant in order to provide information on the State University System's vision of the college and its mission for Florida, the support base for the program, and current directions and anticipated fiscal and human forces that help…

  19. Forests of Florida, 2014

    Treesearch

    Mark Brown; J Nowak

    2016-01-01

    This periodic resource update provides an overview of forest resources in Florida based on an inventory conducted by the U.S. Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Southern Research Station in cooperation with the Florida Forest Service. Estimates are based on field data collected using the FIA annualized sample design and are updated...

  20. Forests of Florida, 2013

    Treesearch

    Mark Brown; J.. Nowak

    2016-01-01

    This periodic resource update provides an overview of forest resources in Florida based on an inventory conducted by the U.S. Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Southern Research Station in cooperation with the Florida Forest Service. Estimates are based on field data collected using the FIA annualized sample design and are updated...

  1. Forests of Florida, 2012

    Treesearch

    M.J. Brown; Jarek. Nowak

    2014-01-01

    This periodic resource update provides an overview of forest resources in Florida based on an inventory conducted by the U.S. Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Southern Research Station in cooperation with the Florida Forest Service. Estimates are based on field data collected using the FIA annualized sample design and are updated...

  2. Forests of Florida, 2015

    Treesearch

    M.J. Brown; J. Nowak

    2017-01-01

    This periodic resource update provides an overview of forest resources in Florida based on an inventory conducted by the U.S. Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Southern Research Station in cooperation with the Florida Forest Service. Estimates are based on field data collected using the FIA annualized sample design and are updated...

  3. On the predictability of high water level along the US East Coast: can the Florida Current measurement be an indicator for flooding caused by remote forcing?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ezer, Tal; Atkinson, Larry P.

    2017-06-01

    level variability in those modes can be attributed to variations in the FCT. An example from Hurricane Joaquin (September-October, 2015) demonstrates how an offshore storm that never made landfall can cause a weakening of the FCT and unexpected high water level and flooding along the US East Coast. A regression-prediction model based on the MDWL-FCT correlation shows some skill in estimating high water levels during past storms; the water level prediction is more accurate for slow-moving and offshore storms than it is for fast-moving storms. The study can help to improve water level prediction since current storm surge models rely on local wind but may ignore remote forcing.

  4. Florida, USA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1985-01-27

    51C-44-026 (24-27 January 1985) --- This oblique view of the Florida peninsula was photographed from the Earth-orbiting Space Shuttle Discovery during the DOD-devoted mission. Many popular features of the state can be delineated in the scene. Kennedy Space Center (KSC), from which this and all Space Shuttle missions are launched, is on the jutting Cape Canaveral, visible on the east Atlantic Coast. The spacecraft was flying at an altitude of 190 nautical miles. A handheld Hasselblad camera, with 70mm Kodak natural color Ektachrome ASA 64 film, was used to expose the frame. Crew members for the flight were astronauts Thomas K. Mattingly, Loren J. Shriver, Ellison S. Onizuka, James F. Buchli, and Gary E. Payton of the United States Air Force.

  5. An assessment of standards-based reform in Florida's middle school science programs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stuart Hammer, Kathryn Elizabeth

    The era of school accountability and standards based reform (SBR) has brought many challenges and changes to Florida's public schools. It is important to understand any shifts in teachers' attitudes and to identify the changes teachers are making as they implement SBR. The study was designed to assess teachers' attitudes and perceptions of changes related to SBR and the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) in middle school science programs in Florida. Survey questions sought to identify teacher perceptions of changes in curriculum, instruction and daily practice as schools documented and incorporated the Sunshine State Standards (SSS) for science and began focusing on preparing students for the science FCAT. The survey was distributed to 265 randomly selected middle school science teachers throughout the State of Florida. Seventy-six and ninety-two percent of teachers reported increased levels of stress as a result of SBR and the science FCAT, respectively. Eighty-six percent of teachers reported loss of autonomy and control over what goes on in their classrooms, and fifty-four percent of teachers reported loss of freedom and creativity regarding curriculum and lessons. Eighty-three percent of teachers believe that increased time spent on test preparation has come at the expense of other important curricular items. By contrast, only nineteen percent of teachers believe that the science FCAT has brought about improvement in curriculum, instruction and student learning in science. Yet, twenty-five percent of teachers believe that reform efforts will improve their school. An important finding is that teachers' attitudes toward reform efforts are strongly influenced by their attitudes toward the administration at their school. Teachers who receive more support from administrators have more positive attitudes toward all aspects of SBR and the science FCAT measured in this study. Although the majority of teachers reported negative attitudes toward the reform

  6. Electrorheological Fluid Based Force Feedback Device

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pfeiffer, Charles; Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; Mavroidis, Constantinos; Dolgin, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    Parallel to the efforts to develop fully autonomous robots, it is increasingly being realized that there are applications where it is essential to have a fully controlled robot and "feel" its operating conditions, i.e. telepresence. This trend is a result of the increasing efforts to address tasks where humans can perform significantly better but, due to associated hazards, distance, physical limitations and other causes, only robots can be employed to perform these tasks. Such robots need to be assisted by a human that remotely controls the operation. To address the goal of operating robots as human surrogates, the authors launched a study of mechanisms that provide mechanical feedback. For this purpose, electrorheological fluids (ERF) are being investigated for the potential application as miniature haptic devices. This family of electroactive fluids has the property of changing the viscosity during electrical stimulation. Consequently, ERF can be used to produce force feedback haptic devices for tele-operated control of medical and space robotic systems. Forces applied at the robot end-effector due to a compliant environment are reflected to the user using an ERF device where a change in the system viscosity will occur proportionally to the transmitted force. Analytical model and control algorithms are being developed taking into account the non-linearities of these type of devices. This paper will describe the concept and the developed mechanism of ERF based force feedback. The test process and the physical properties of this device will be described and the results of preliminary tests will be presented.

  7. Electrorheological Fluid Based Force Feedback Device

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pfeiffer, Charles; Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; Mavroidis, Constantinos; Dolgin, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    Parallel to the efforts to develop fully autonomous robots, it is increasingly being realized that there are applications where it is essential to have a fully controlled robot and "feel" its operating conditions, i.e. telepresence. This trend is a result of the increasing efforts to address tasks where humans can perform significantly better but, due to associated hazards, distance, physical limitations and other causes, only robots can be employed to perform these tasks. Such robots need to be assisted by a human that remotely controls the operation. To address the goal of operating robots as human surrogates, the authors launched a study of mechanisms that provide mechanical feedback. For this purpose, electrorheological fluids (ERF) are being investigated for the potential application as miniature haptic devices. This family of electroactive fluids has the property of changing the viscosity during electrical stimulation. Consequently, ERF can be used to produce force feedback haptic devices for tele-operated control of medical and space robotic systems. Forces applied at the robot end-effector due to a compliant environment are reflected to the user using an ERF device where a change in the system viscosity will occur proportionally to the transmitted force. Analytical model and control algorithms are being developed taking into account the non-linearities of these type of devices. This paper will describe the concept and the developed mechanism of ERF based force feedback. The test process and the physical properties of this device will be described and the results of preliminary tests will be presented.

  8. Improvements to Air Force Strategic Basing Decisions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Fort Lee, VA 10,200 4,600 14,800 138,000 Fort Lewis, WA 13,500 17,400 30,900 3,422,000 Fort Meade , MD 7,000 4,200 11,200 2,512,000 Fort Sam...Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Fort Meade , and the Bethesda National Naval Medical Center were scheduled to add over 12,000 personnel in total. The state of...Influences on Air Force Basing Decisions According to Edward Mead Earle, “Strategy is the art of controlling and utilizing the resources of a nation—or a

  9. Baseline meteorological soundings for parametric environmental investigations at Kennedy Space Center and Vandenberg Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Susko, M.; Stephens, J. B.

    1976-01-01

    Meteorological soundings representative of the atmospheric environment at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida and Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, are presented. Synthetic meteorological soundings at Kennedy Space Center, including fall, spring, and a sea breeze, and at Vandenberg Air Force Base (sea breeze with low and high level inversion and stationary upper level troughs) are shown. Soundings of frontal passages are listed. The Titan launch soundings at Kennedy Space Center present a wide range of meteorological conditions, both seasonal and time of day variations. The meteorological data input of altitude, wind speed, wind direction, temperature, and pressure may be used as meteorological inputs for the NASA/MSFC Multilayer Diffusion Model or other models to obtain quantitative estimates of effluent concentrations associated with the potential emission of major combustion products in the lower atmosphere to simulate actual launches of space vehicles. The Titan launch soundings are also of value in terms of rocket effluent measurements for analysis purposes.

  10. Nanoactuators Based on Electrostatic Forces on Dielectrics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Yu

    2005-01-01

    Nanoactuators of a proposed type would exploit the forces exerted by electric fields on dielectric materials. As used here, "nanoactuators" includes motors, manipulators, and other active mechanisms that have dimensions of the order of nanometers and/or are designed to manipulate objects that have dimensions of the order of nanometers. The underlying physical principle can be described most simply in terms of the example of a square parallel-plate capacitor in which a square dielectric plate is inserted part way into the gap between the electrode plates (see Figure Typically, the force is small from our macroscopic human perspective. The above equation shows that the force depends on the ratio between the capacitor dimensions but does not depend on the size. In other words, the force remains the same if the capacitor and the dielectric slab are shrunk to nanometer dimensions. At the same time, the masses of all components are proportional to third power of their linear dimensions. Therefore the force-to-mass ratio (and, consequently, the acceleration that can be imparted to the dielectric slab) is much larger at the nanoscale than at the macroscopic scale. The proposed actuators would exploit this effect. The upper part of Figure 2 depicts a simple linear actuator based on a parallel- plate capacitor similar to Figure 1. In this case, the upper electrode plate would be split into two parts (A and B) and the dielectric slab would be slightly longer than plate A or B. The actuator would be operated in a cycle. During the first half cycle, plate B would be grounded to the lower plate and plate A would be charged to a potential, V, with respect to the lower plate, causing the dielectric slab to be pulled under plate A. During the second half cycle, plate A would be grounded and plate B would be charged to potential V, causing the dielectric slab to be pulled under plate B. The back-and-forth motion caused by alternation of the voltages on plates A and B could be used

  11. Ab initio based polarizable force field parametrization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Masia, Marco

    2008-05-01

    Experimental and simulation studies of anion-water systems have pointed out the importance of molecular polarization for many phenomena ranging from hydrogen-bond dynamics to water interfaces structure. The study of such systems at molecular level is usually made with classical molecular dynamics simulations. Structural and dynamical features are deeply influenced by molecular and ionic polarizability, which parametrization in classical force field has been an object of long-standing efforts. Although when classical models are compared to ab initio calculations at condensed phase, it is found that the water dipole moments are underestimated by ˜30%, while the anion shows an overpolarization at short distances. A model for chloride-water polarizable interaction is parametrized here, making use of Car-Parrinello simulations at condensed phase. The results hint to an innovative approach in polarizable force fields development, based on ab initio simulations, which do not suffer for the mentioned drawbacks. The method is general and can be applied to the modeling of different systems ranging from biomolecular to solid state simulations.

  12. The Effectiveness of Florida Virtual School in Terms of Cost and Student Achievement in a Selected Florida School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNally, Susan R.

    2012-01-01

    Florida Virtual School was started in 1997. Since then, its presence and impact on public education in Florida has grown significantly. The Florida Virtual School was started by the Florida legislature and is funded through Florida's school funding program, receiving annual appropriations based on successful course completions. The Florida Virtual…

  13. The Effectiveness of Florida Virtual School in Terms of Cost and Student Achievement in a Selected Florida School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNally, Susan R.

    2012-01-01

    Florida Virtual School was started in 1997. Since then, its presence and impact on public education in Florida has grown significantly. The Florida Virtual School was started by the Florida legislature and is funded through Florida's school funding program, receiving annual appropriations based on successful course completions. The Florida Virtual…

  14. City of Freeport, Florida, State Road 20 Water Main Installation, Final Environmental Assessment, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    Sylvilagus floridanus Sand Blackberry Rubus cuneifolius Pocket Gopher Geomys pinetus Pine-woods Bluestem Andropogon arctatus White-tailed Deer Castor...05 AUG 2010 2. REPORT TYPE Environmental Assessment 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2007 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE State Road 20 Water Main...Protection Act BMP Best Management Practice BOMARC Boeing/ Michigan Aeronautical Research Center CAA Clean Air Act CEQ Council on Environmental Quality CFR

  15. 33 CFR 334.605 - Meloy Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Miami Beach, Florida; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Meloy Channel, U.S. Coast Guard... REGULATIONS § 334.605 Meloy Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Miami Beach, Florida; restricted area. (a) The area.... U.S. Government vessels include, but are not limited to, U.S. Coast Guard and Coast Guard Auxiliary...

  16. Variations in Professional Development Needs of Florida Agricultural Education Teachers Based on Gender, School Level, and Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Estepp, Christopher M.; Thoron, Andrew C.; Roberts, T. Grady; Dyer, James E.

    2014-01-01

    Teachers must continue to learn throughout their careers to maintain their professional competence. The purpose of this study was to explore the differences in professional development needs of Florida agricultural education teachers based on selected variables. Results of the study indicated that teachers had the greatest professional development…

  17. The Spanish Lexical Base of Old St. Augustine Mahonese: A Missing Link in Florida Spanish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasico, Philip D.

    1986-01-01

    Considers the historical background and the demographical characteristics of those residents of St. Augustine, Florida, who are descended from the city's original Spanish and Minorcan population. Included are a list and analysis of words found in the English dialect which represent the lexical vestiges of colonial Florida Spanish. (SED)

  18. Environmental Assessment: Proposed Consolidated Warehouse, Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-02-01

    Utah FA8201-09-D-0006 Klein, Randal Johnson, Sam Streamline Consulting, LLC 1713 N. Sweetwater Lane Farmington, Utah 84025 Hill Air Force Base 7274... Air Force Base (AFB) proposes to adequate warehouse facilities in which to store equipment for worldwide United States Air Force (USAF) operations

  19. Cutting forces related with lattice orientations of graphene using an atomic force microscopy based nanorobot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yu; Gao, Yang; Liu, Lianqing; Xi, Ning; Wang, Yuechao; Ma, Laipeng; Dong, Zaili; Wejinya, Uchechukwu C.

    2012-11-01

    The relationship between cutting forces and lattice orientations of monolayer graphene is investigated by using an atomic force microscopy (AFM) based nanorobot. In the beginning, the atomic resolution image of the graphene lattice is obtained by using an AFM. Then, graphene cutting experiments are performed with sample rotation method, which gets rid of the tip effect completely. The experimental results show that the cutting force along the armchair orientation is larger than the force along the zigzag orientation, and the cutting forces are almost identical every 60°, which corresponds well with the 60° symmetry in graphene honeycomb lattice structure. By using Poisson analysis method, the single cutting force along zigzag orientation is 3.9 nN, and the force along armchair is 20.5 nN. This work lays the experimental foundation to build a close-loop fabrication strategy with real-time force as a feedback sensor to control the cutting direction.

  20. Atomic Force Microscopy Based Cell Shape Index

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adia-Nimuwa, Usienemfon; Mujdat Tiryaki, Volkan; Hartz, Steven; Xie, Kan; Ayres, Virginia

    2013-03-01

    Stellation is a measure of cell physiology and pathology for several cell groups including neural, liver and pancreatic cells. In the present work, we compare the results of a conventional two-dimensional shape index study of both atomic force microscopy (AFM) and fluorescent microscopy images with the results obtained using a new three-dimensional AFM-based shape index similar to sphericity index. The stellation of astrocytes is investigated on nanofibrillar scaffolds composed of electrospun polyamide nanofibers that has demonstrated promise for central nervous system (CNS) repair. Recent work by our group has given us the ability to clearly segment the cells from nanofibrillar scaffolds in AFM images. The clear-featured AFM images indicated that the astrocyte processes were longer than previously identified at 24h. It was furthermore shown that cell spreading could vary significantly as a function of environmental parameters, and that AFM images could record these variations. The new three-dimensional AFM-based shape index incorporates the new information: longer stellate processes and cell spreading. The support of NSF PHY-095776 is acknowledged.

  1. 26. "AIR INSTALLATIONS; EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA; HIGH SPEED ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. "AIR INSTALLATIONS; EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA; HIGH SPEED TEST TRACK." Drawing No. 10-259. One inch to 400 feet plan of original 10,000-foot sled track. No date. No D.O. series number. No headings as above. - Edwards Air Force Base, South Base Sled Track, Edwards Air Force Base, North of Avenue B, between 100th & 140th Streets East, Lancaster, Los Angeles County, CA

  2. A spatial evaluation of socio demographics surrounding National Priorities List sites in Florida using a distance-based approach.

    PubMed

    Kearney, Greg; Kiros, Gebre-Egziabher

    2009-06-17

    Over the last two decades, various spatial techniques have been demonstrated using geographical information systems (GIS) to adequately estimate and characterize inequities of minority populations living near environmentally hazardous facilities. However, these methods have produced mixed results. In this study, we use recently developed variations of the "distance based" approach to spatially evaluate and compare demographic and socioeconomic disparities surrounding the worst hazardous waste sites in Florida. We used data from the 2000 US Census Bureau and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection to identify selected socio and economic variables within one (1) mile of 71 National Priorities List (NPL) or Superfund sites in Florida. ArcMap (ESRI, v. 9.2) was used to map the centroid locations of each of the NPL sites as well as identify and estimate the number of host and non-host tracts. The unit of analysis in this study was at the census tract level. Logistic regression (SAS v9.1.3) was used to determine if race/ethnicity and socioeconomic indicators are significant predictors of the location of NPL sites. There were significant differences in race/ethnicity composition and socio-economic factors between NPL host census tracts and non-host census tracts in Florida. The percentages of Blacks (OR = 5.7, p < 0.001), the percentage of Hispanic/Latino (OR = 5.84, p < 0.001), and percent employed in blue collar occupations (OR = 2.7, p < 0.01) were significant predictors of location of NPL facilities. The recently developed distance-based method supports previous studies and suggests that race and ethnicity play substantial roles in where hazardous facilities are located in Florida. Recommendations include using distance-based methods to evaluate socio and demographic characteristics surrounding other less known environmental hazardous facilities, such as landfills, or Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) sites.

  3. Lorentz Force Based Satellite Attitude Control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giri, Dipak Kumar; Sinha, Manoranjan

    2016-07-01

    Since the inception of attitude control of a satellite, various active and passive control strategies have been developed. These include using thrusters, momentum wheels, control moment gyros and magnetic torquers. In this present work, a new technique named Lorentz force based Coulombic actuators for the active control is proposed. This method uses electrostatic charged shells, which interact with the time varying earth's magnetic field to establish a full three axes control of the satellite. It is shown that the proposed actuation mechanism is similar to a satellite actuated by magnetic coils except that the resultant magnetic moment vanishes under two different conditions. The equation for the required charges on the the Coulomb shells attached to the satellite body axes is derived, which is in turn used to find the available control torque for actuating the satellite along the orbit. Stability of the proposed system for very high initial angular velocity and exponential stability about the origin are proved for a proportional-differential control input. Simulations are carried out to show the efficacy of the proposed system for the attitude control of the earth-pointing satellite.

  4. Mitochondrial Haplotype-based Identification of Root-knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) on Cut Foliage Crops in Florida

    PubMed Central

    Baidoo, Richard; Joseph, Soumi; Mengistu, Tesfamariam M.; Brito, Janete A.; McSorley, Robert; Stamps, Robert H.; Crow, William T.

    2016-01-01

    Florida accounts for more than 75% of the national cut foliage production. Unfortunately, root-knot nematodes (RKN) (Meloidogyne spp.) are a serious problem on these crops, rendering many farms unproductive. Currently, information on the Meloidogyne spp. occurring on most commonly cultivated cut foliage crops in Florida, and tools for their rapid identification are lacking. The objectives of this study were to (i) identify specific RKN infecting common ornamental cut foliage crops in Florida and (ii) evaluate the feasibility of using the mtDNA haplotype as a molecular diagnostic tool for rapid identification of large samples of RKN. A total of 200 Meloidogyne females were collected from cut foliage plant roots. Meloidogyne spp. were identified by PCR and RFLP of mitochondrial DNA. PCR and RFLP of mitochondrial DNA were effective in discriminating the Meloidogyne spp. present. Meloidogyne incognita is the most dominant RKN on cut foliage crops in Florida and must be a high target for making management decisions. Other Meloidogyne spp. identified include M. javanica, M. hapla, Meloidogyne sp. 1, and Meloidogyne sp. 2. The results for this study demonstrate the usefulness of the mtDNA haplotype-based designation as a valuable molecular tool for identification of Meloidogyne spp. PMID:27765993

  5. Florida's Universities Confront Huge Population Surge, Narrow Tax Base, Tough Politics, and Regional Feuding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenstyk, Goldie

    1989-01-01

    Florida is working to improve its university system's reputation at the same time that it faces increased demand for limited spaces, stiff civic competition for public funding, international political issues, continuing regional disagreement, and conflict between legislators and institutions. (MSE)

  6. Implementation of an Evidence-Based Exercise Program for Older Adults in South Florida

    PubMed Central

    Page, Timothy; Vieira, Edgar; Seff, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. This study aimed to examine how well an evidence-based physical activity program could be translated for wide scale dissemination and adoption to increase physical activity among community-dwelling older adults. Methods. Between October 2009 and December 2012, reach, fidelity, dosage, ease of implementation, and barriers to translation of EnhanceFitness (EF) were assessed. To assess effectiveness, a pretest-posttest design was used to measure increases in functional fitness (chair stands, arm curls, and the up-and-go test). Results. Fourteen community-based agencies offered 126 EF classes in 83 different locations and reached 4,490 older adults. Most participants were female (72%). Thirty-eight percent of participants did not complete the initial 16-week EF program. The 25% who received the recommended dose experienced an increase in upper and lower body strength and mobility. Further, participants reported high satisfaction with the program. Conclusion. EF was successfully implemented in a variety of settings throughout South Florida and reached a large number of older adults. However, challenges were encountered in ensuring that those who participated received a program dose that would lead to beneficial gains in functional fitness. PMID:27800182

  7. Update to the Objective Lightning Probability Forecast Tool in use at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambert, Winifred; Roeder, William

    2013-01-01

    This conference poster describes the improvement of a set of lightning probability forecast equations that are used by the 45th Weather Squadron forecasters for their daily 1100 UTC (0700 EDT) weather briefing during the warm season months of May-September. This information is used for general scheduling of operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and Kennedy Space Center. Forecasters at the Spaceflight Meteorology Group also make thunderstorm forecasts during Shuttle flight operations. Five modifications were made by the Applied Meteorology Unit: increased the period of record from 15 to 17 years, changed the method of calculating the flow regime of the day, calculated a new optimal layer relative humidity, used a new smoothing technique for the daily climatology, and used a new valid area. The test results indicated that the modified equations showed and increase in skill over the current equations, good reliability and an ability to distinguish between lightning and non-lightning days.

  8. Update to the Objective Lightning Probability Forecast Tool in Use at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambert, Winifred; Roeder, William

    2008-01-01

    This conference presentation describes the improvement of a set of lightning probability forecast equations that are used by the 45th Weather Squadron forecasters for their daily 1100 UTC (0700 EDT) weather briefing during the warm season months of May-September. This information is used for general scheduling of operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and Kennedy Space Center. Forecasters at the Spaceflight Meteorology Group also make thunderstorm forecasts during Shuttle flight operations. Five modifications were made by the Applied Meteorology Unit: increased the period of record from 15 to 17 years, changed the method of calculating the flow regime of the day, calculated a new optimal layer relative humidity, used a new smoothing technique for the daily climatology, and used a new valid area. The test results indicated that the modified equaitions showed and increase in skill over the current equations, good reliability, and an ability to distinguish between lightning and non-lightning days.

  9. Update to the Lightning Probability Forecast Equations at Kennedy Space Center/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambert, Winifred; Roeder, William

    2007-01-01

    This conference presentation describes the improvement of a set of lightning probability forecast equations that are used by the 45th Weather Squadron forecasters for their daily 1100 UTC (0700 EDT) weather briefing during the warm season months of May-September. This information is used for general scheduling of operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and Kennedy Space Center. Forecasters at the Spaceflight Meteorology Group also make thunderstorm forecasts during Shuttle flight operations. Five modifications were made by the Applied Meteorology Unit: increased the period of record from 15 to 17 years, changed the method of calculating the flow regime of the day, calculated a new optimal layer relative humidity, used a new smoothing technique for the daily climatology, and used a new valid area. The test results indicated that the modified equations showed and increase in skill over the current equations, good reliability, and an ability to distinguish between lightning and non-lightning days.

  10. Update to the Lightning Probability Forecast Equations at Kennedy Space Center/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambert, Winifred; Roeder, William

    2007-01-01

    This conference presentation describes the improvement of a set of lightning probability forecast equations that are used by the 45th Weather Squadron forecasters for their daily 1100 UTC (0700 EDT) weather briefing during the warm season months of May- September. This information is used for general scheduling of operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and Kennedy Space Center. Forecasters at the Spaceflight Meteorology Group also make thunderstorm forecasts during Shuttle flight operations. Five modifications were made by the Applied Meteorology Unit: increased the period of record from 15 to 17 years, changed the method of calculating the flow regime of the day, calculated a new optimal layer relative humidity, used a new smoothing technique for the daily climatology, and used a new valid area. The test results indicated that the modified equations showed and increase in skill over the current equations, good reliability, and an ability to distinguish between lightning and non-lightning days.

  11. Athermalization in atomic force microscope based force spectroscopy using matched microstructure coupling.

    PubMed

    Torun, H; Finkler, O; Degertekin, F L

    2009-07-01

    The authors describe a method for athermalization in atomic force microscope (AFM) based force spectroscopy applications using microstructures that thermomechanically match the AFM probes. The method uses a setup where the AFM probe is coupled with the matched structure and the displacements of both structures are read out simultaneously. The matched structure displaces with the AFM probe as temperature changes, thus the force applied to the sample can be kept constant without the need for a separate feedback loop for thermal drift compensation, and the differential signal can be used to cancel the shift in zero-force level of the AFM.

  12. Force and function: probing proteins with AFM-based force spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Puchner, Elias M; Gaub, Hermann E

    2009-10-01

    Forces play a pivotal role in life, and the response of live systems to forces requires molecules and molecular interactions with adequate properties to counteract both in a passive and also, if needed, in an active, dynamic manner. However, at the level of individual molecules these forces are so minute, that the development of sophisticated experiments to measure and control them was required. With the maturation of these techniques, particularly the AFM-based single-molecule force spectroscopy into commercial instruments, the scope has widened considerably and more and more studies shed light onto the different aspects of biomolecular mechanics. Many surprises turned up and more are waiting for us.

  13. Evaluation of a community-based falls prevention program in South Florida, 2008-2009.

    PubMed

    Batra, Anamica; Melchior, Michael; Seff, Laura; Frederick, Newman; Palmer, Richard C

    2012-01-01

    Many older adults experience fear of falling, which may reduce participation in routine activities. A Matter of Balance (MOB) and Un Asunto de Equilibrio (ADE) workshops were offered in South Florida to reduce fear of falling and increase activity levels in older adults. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of the lay leader model of the programs in the first year of their implementation and to further report on participant outcome measures. We analyzed reach, adoption, and implementation data for participants who attended workshops between October 1, 2008, and December 31, 2009, who were aged 60 years or older, and who had both baseline and posttest outcome data. Workshops were in English and Spanish and consisted of 8 two-hour sessions. Participants completed a 7-item baseline and posttest questionnaire that consisted of a falls management scale, a social activity item, and modified version of Physician-Based Assessment and Counseling on Exercise. We analyzed outcome data on multiple characteristics using a general linear model. A class evaluation questionnaire measured participant satisfaction. Results for 562 participants who provided both baseline and posttest data showed significant improvement on 6 of 7 questions for MOB and all questions for ADE (P < .001). The 391 participants who provided evaluation data indicated that the programs were effective, beneficial, and well organized. Lay leaders successfully implemented the programs in community settings. The programs were effective in reducing fear of falling among older adults.

  14. Documentation of a digital spatial data base for hydrologic investigations, Broward County, Florida

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sonenshein, R.S.

    1992-01-01

    Geographic information systems have become an important tool in planning for the protection and development of natural resources, including ground water and surface water. A digital spatial data base consisting of 18 data layers that can be accessed by a geographic information system was developed for Broward County, Florida. Five computer programs, including one that can be used to create documentation files for each data layer and four that can be used to create data layers from data files not already in geographic information system format, were also developed. Four types of data layers have been developed. Data layers for manmade features include major roads, municipal boundaries, the public land-survey section grid, land use, and underground storage tank facilities. The data layer for topographic features consists of surveyed point land-surface elevations. Data layers for hydrologic features include surface-water and rainfall data-collection stations, surface-water bodies, water-control district boundaries, and water-management basins. Data layers for hydrogeologic features include soil associations, transmissivity polygons, hydrogeologic unit depths, and a finite-difference model grid for south-central Broward County. Each data layer is documented as to the extent of the features, number of features, scale, data sources, and a description of the attribute tables where applicable.

  15. On Estimating Force-freeness Based on Observed Magnetograms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, X. M.; Zhang, M.; Su, J. T.

    2017-01-01

    It is a common practice in the solar physics community to test whether or not measured photospheric or chromospheric vector magnetograms are force-free, using the Maxwell stress as a measure. Some previous studies have suggested that magnetic fields of active regions in the solar chromosphere are close to being force-free whereas there is no consistency among previous studies on whether magnetic fields of active regions in the solar photosphere are force-free or not. Here we use three kinds of representative magnetic fields (analytical force-free solutions, modeled solar-like force-free fields, and observed non-force-free fields) to discuss how measurement issues such as limited field of view (FOV), instrument sensitivity, and measurement error could affect the estimation of force-freeness based on observed magnetograms. Unlike previous studies that focus on discussing the effect of limited FOV or instrument sensitivity, our calculation shows that just measurement error alone can significantly influence the results of estimates of force-freeness, due to the fact that measurement errors in horizontal magnetic fields are usually ten times larger than those in vertical fields. This property of measurement errors, interacting with the particular form of a formula for estimating force-freeness, would result in wrong judgments of the force-freeness: a truly force-free field may be mistakenly estimated as being non-force-free and a truly non-force-free field may be estimated as being force-free. Our analysis calls for caution when interpreting estimates of force-freeness based on measured magnetograms, and also suggests that the true photospheric magnetic field may be further away from being force-free than it currently appears to be.

  16. STS-92 - Discovery Fly-away - return to Florida

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2000-11-02

    Carrying the Space Shuttle Discovery piggyback, one of NASA’s modified Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft lifts off the runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California. The Discovery was ferried from NASA’s Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards to NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 2, 2000, after extensive post-landing servicing and ferry flight preparations.

  17. A Population Based Epidemiological Study of Emergency Department Visits for Anaphylaxis in Florida

    PubMed Central

    Harduar-Morano, Laurel; Simon, Michael R.; Watkins, Sharon; Blackmore, Carina

    2014-01-01

    Background Previous population-based analyses of emergency department (ED) visits for anaphylaxis have been limited to small populations in limited geographic areas, focused on children, or have included patients who had allergic conditions other than anaphylaxis. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology and risk factors among patients with anaphylaxis presenting to Florida EDs. Methods 2751 patients with anaphylaxis were identified for 2005-2006 within ED records using the International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) and a validated ICD-9-CM based algorithm. Age and sex specific rates were calculated. Regression analyses were used to determine relative risks for anaphylaxis due to various triggers (food, venom, medication), and risk factors (age, gender, race, ethnicity). Results The highest observed rates were among the youngest males (8.2/100,000 Floridians age 0-4) and among adult females (15-54 years) grouped in 10-year age categories (9.9-10.9/100,000 Floridians). Males and Blacks were 20% and 25%, respectively, more likely to have a food trigger than females and Whites. Whites, males and older individuals were more likely to have an anaphylaxis ED visit due to insect stings. Venom-induced anaphylaxis was more likely in August-October. Children were less likely than those >70 years (referent) to have medication-induced anaphylaxis (p<0.03). Conclusion This is the only ED based population study in a lower US latitude state. The overall rate is considerably lower than other US ED population-based studies. The rates of anaphylaxis by age groups were different by gender. Males and Blacks were more likely to have a food trigger. PMID:21714994

  18. Atom world based on nano-forces: 25 years of atomic force microscopy.

    PubMed

    Morita, Seizo

    2011-01-01

    Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) has opened up the new nanoworlds of scanning probe microscopy. STM is the first-generation atomic tool that can image, evaluate and manipulate individual atoms and consequently can create nanostructures by true bottom-up methods based on atom-by-atom manipulation. Atomic force microscopy is a second-generation atomic tool that has followed the footsteps of STM, and which is now opening doors to a new atom world based on using nanoscale forces.

  19. Force.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamble, Reed

    1989-01-01

    Discusses pupil misconceptions concerning forces. Summarizes some of Assessment of Performance Unit's findings on meaning of (1) force, (2) force and motion in one dimension and two dimensions, and (3) Newton's second law. (YP)

  20. Force.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamble, Reed

    1989-01-01

    Discusses pupil misconceptions concerning forces. Summarizes some of Assessment of Performance Unit's findings on meaning of (1) force, (2) force and motion in one dimension and two dimensions, and (3) Newton's second law. (YP)

  1. Increasing Awareness on Health Care Access in Florida: A Community-Based Medical-Legal Practicum Project.

    PubMed

    Martinez, Iveris L; Castellanos, Natalie; Carr, Casey; Plescia, Christopher J; Rodriguez, Andres L; Thommi, Sairah; Weithorn, David; Zaremski, Lynn; Maisel, Peggy; Wells, Alan L

    2016-01-01

    Service learning and experiential coursework has become a requirement for medical students and law students. Advocacy for the underinsured and uninsured is of ethical importance to both the practice of law and medicine, however engaging professional students in meaningful advocacy work with community partners can be challenging. The article describes a partnership between medical and law students in a community-based service learning project to promote health care access. Law and medical students at Florida International University partnered with community members and Florida Legal Services to collect patient narratives, disseminate information on Medicaid expansion to community members, and present patient stories to state lawmakers. The medical and law students learned about each other's professional roles and gained skills in interviewing, and legislative and policy advocacy through this service learning project by providing legislative testimony to key stakeholders and community education on Medicaid expansion.

  2. Linear thermal circulator based on Coriolis forces.

    PubMed

    Li, Huanan; Kottos, Tsampikos

    2015-02-01

    We show that the presence of a Coriolis force in a rotating linear lattice imposes a nonreciprocal propagation of the phononic heat carriers. Using this effect we propose the concept of Coriolis linear thermal circulator which can control the circulation of a heat current. A simple model of three coupled harmonic masses on a rotating platform permits us to demonstrate giant circulating rectification effects for moderate values of the angular velocities of the platform.

  3. Florida Everglades

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-05-15

    article title:  Southern Florida's River of Grass     View Larger ... Okeechobee to the Gulf of Mexico. In places this remarkable 'river of grass' is 80 kilometers wide. These images from the Multi-angle ...

  4. Southern Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Three fires (red dots) in southern Florida are visible in this true-color MODIS image acquired April 4, 2002. Also visible is the city of Miami, and the northern edge of Cuba, including the city of Havana. The bright blue-green colors in the waters of the Strait of Florida are due to the Sun's light reflected off of chlorophyll in marine phytoplankton.

  5. Pipelines jockey to serve Florida gas market

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-09-07

    This paper reports that Florida Gas Transmission Corp. (FGT), Houston, appears to have taken the lead in competition to serve Florida's growing gas markets. Florida Power and Light (FPL), Miami, decided to reserve transportation capacity on FGT's proposed Phase III expansion rather than the Sun Coast pipeline proposed by United Gas Pipe Line Co. (UGPL), Houston, and Coastal Corp. unit ANR Pipeline Co., Detroit (OGJ, Aug. 31, p. 31). Withdrawal of FPL, Florida's largest electric utility, from Sun Coast left the proposed 560 mile, 400 MMcfd intrastate gas transmission pipeline with only one major prospective client, Florida Power Corp., St. Petersburg. That forces UGPL and ANR to dissolve the partnership.

  6. A Linkage Map for Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida L.) Based on Microsatellite Markers

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    A genetic linkage map of flowering dogwood (C. florida L.) was constructed using 94 individuals derived from a cross of two F1 trees designated 97-6 and 97-7, which were originally from a cross between ‘Appalachian Spring’ and ‘Cherokee Brave’. Out of approximately 800 SSR loci examined, 271 were po...

  7. Biological control based strategies to manage privet whitefly (Aleurotrachelus trachoides) in Florida

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Privet whitefly, Aleurotrachelus trachoides, is native to the Neotropics, but has now spread to parts of Africa, the Pacific and North America, including Florida, United States of America. This recent invasive whitefly is polyphagous with a preference for Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae. Important com...

  8. Compartment-based hydrodynamics and water quality modeling of a NorthernEverglades Wetland, Florida, USA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The last remaining large remnant of softwater wetlands in the US Florida Everglades lies within the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge. However, Refuge water quality today is impacted by pumped stormwater inflows to the eutrophic and mineral-enriched 100-km c...

  9. Compartment-based hydrodynamics and water quality modeling of a NorthernEverglades Wetland, Florida, USA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The last remaining large remnant of softwater wetlands in the US Florida Everglades lies within the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge. However, Refuge water quality today is impacted by pumped stormwater inflows to the eutrophic and mineral-enriched 100-km c...

  10. Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging methods

    PubMed Central

    Palmeri, Mark L.; Nightingale, Kathryn R.

    2011-01-01

    Conventional diagnostic ultrasound images portray differences in the acoustic properties of soft tissues, whereas ultrasound-based elasticity images portray differences in the elastic properties of soft tissues (i.e. stiffness, viscosity). The benefit of elasticity imaging lies in the fact that many soft tissues can share similar ultrasonic echogenicities, but may have different mechanical properties that can be used to clearly visualize normal anatomy and delineate pathological lesions. Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging methods use acoustic radiation force to transiently deform soft tissues, and the dynamic displacement response of those tissues is measured ultrasonically and is used to estimate the tissue's mechanical properties. Both qualitative images and quantitative elasticity metrics can be reconstructed from these measured data, providing complimentary information to both diagnose and longitudinally monitor disease progression. Recently, acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging techniques have moved from the laboratory to the clinical setting, where clinicians are beginning to characterize tissue stiffness as a diagnostic metric, and commercial implementations of radiation force-based ultrasonic elasticity imaging are beginning to appear on the commercial market. This article provides an overview of acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging, including a review of the relevant soft tissue material properties, a review of radiation force-based methods that have been proposed for elasticity imaging, and a discussion of current research and commercial realizations of radiation force based-elasticity imaging technologies. PMID:22419986

  11. Thunderstorm, Florida, Bahamas and Cuba

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    This decaying thunderstorm, seen as the trailing edge of a cloud mass over the Gulf of Mexico and approaching Florida, Bahamas and Cuba (24.0N, 81.0W) has lost much of its force but still dropped a considerable amount of rainfall over most of Cuba and Florida. The storm, remnants of the same front described in scene STS031-77-078, is seen as a thin front stretching northwest to southeast over the Gulf of Mexico just west of Florida.

  12. Environmental Assessment for Kirtland Air Force Base Arsenic Compliance System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    have migrated from the area (Between Nov. 1-Feb. 28). Implementation of these burrowing owl avoidance measures would prevent any long-term impacts to...FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR KIRTLAND AIR FORCE BASE ARSENIC COMPLIANCE SYSTEM September 2003 Prepared for 377th Air Base Wing Air...Kirtland Air Force Base Arsenic Compliance System 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e

  13. A lone desert Joshua tree greeted the arrival of Space Shuttle Endeavour at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on May 1, 2001

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2001-05-01

    A lone desert Joshua tree greeted the arrival of Space Shuttle Endeavour at Edwards Air Force Base, California, May 1, 2001. A large drag chute helped slow Endeavour on the runway. After mounting the shuttle on a converted 747 airliner at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Endeavour will be carried back to the Kennedy Space Center for its next mission. Weather in Florida necessitated landing in California.

  14. Mobile Quarantine Facility unloaded at Ellington Air Force Base, Texas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    A Mobile Quarantine Facility, with the three Apollo 11 crewmen inside, is unloaded from a U.S. Air Force C141 transport at Ellington Air Force Base early Sunday after a flight from Hawaii. A large crowd was present to welcome Astronauts Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin Aldrin Jr. back to Houston following their historic lunar landing mission.

  15. Buckley Air Force Base MS4 NPDES Permit

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Under NPDES permit CO-R042003, the U.S. Air Force is authorized to discharge from all MS4 outfalls existing as of the effective date of this permit to specified receiving waters within the exterior boundaries of Buckley Air Force Base, in Aurora, Colorado

  16. Defense Industrial Base Capabilities Study: Force Application

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-01

    Base : A Roadmap. This report identified the need for systematic evaluation of the ability of the defense industrial base to develop and provide...functional, operational effects-based warfighting capabilities. The Defense Industrial Base Capabilities Study (DIBCS) series is a systematic assessment of...critical technologies needed in the 21st century defense industrial base to meet warfighter capabilities, as framed by the Joint Staff’s functional

  17. Transparent and flexible force sensor array based on optical waveguide.

    PubMed

    Kim, Youngsung; Park, Suntak; Park, Seung Koo; Yun, Sungryul; Kyung, Ki-Uk; Sun, Kyung

    2012-06-18

    This paper suggests a force sensor array measuring contact force based on intensity change of light transmitted throughout optical waveguide. For transparency and flexibility of the sensor, two soft prepolymers with different refractive index have been developed. The optical waveguide consists of two cladding layers and a core layer. The top cladding layer is designed to allow light scattering at the specific area in response to finger contact. The force sensor shows a distinct tendency that output intensity decreases with input force and measurement range is from 0 to -13.2 dB.

  18. Adapting to Sea Level Rise to the Year 2100 and Beyond in the State of Florida, USA: A Regional Approach Based upon Common Vulnerabilities and the Utility of Shared Resources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parkinson, R. W.; Harlem, P. W.; Meeder, J.

    2014-12-01

    We simulate the vulnerability of all 35 Florida coastal counties to the ongoing Anthropocene marine transgression unconstrained by the artificial end date of year 2100. Coastal submergence was emulated using a 'bathtub model' and rising sea level associated with an atmospheric temperature increase of +1 oC to +4 oC (see Levermann et al. [1]). Simulation results are organized into seven regions, each representing an area of common vulnerability characterized in this study as high (9% to 30% land loss), higher (16 to 68% land loss) and highest (48% to 97% land loss). This grouping provides a logical basis for establishing or re-enforcing collaboration based upon a common threat and the utility of shared technical and financial resources. Our bathtub model assumes Florida terrain is simply submerged as the shoreline migrates across a static landscape without change in the physical and biological materials subject to marine transgression. However, geologic studies of past and present Florida shorelines indicate the rate of rise is as important as the magnitude when predicting coastal response. To determine the utility of the bathtub model as a representative simulation of Florida's response to future sea level rise, we considered Florida's coastal response to varying rates of sea level rise over the last 14,000 years. Available data clearly demonstrate predicted rates of sea level rise will result in widespread submergence; the rate of rise will be too fast to be offset by the stabilizing forces of biogenic or physical sediment accumulation. Hence the magnitude of land loss and associated shoreline retreat in each of the seven Florida regions - and likely other coastal zones in the southeast U.S. - will be solely a function of topographic elevation and can therefore be reasonably forecast using a bathtub model. While our focus is on Florida's coastal counties, we recognize in some regions the effects of sea level rise will extend further inland. In these areas, the

  19. Information-based physics, influence, and forces

    SciTech Connect

    Walsh, James Lyons; Knuth, Kevin H.

    2015-01-13

    In recent works, Knuth and Bahreyni have demonstrated that the concepts of space and time are emergent in a coarse-grained model of direct particle-particle influence. In addition, Knuth demonstrated that observer-made inferences regarding the free particle, which is defined as a particle that influences others, but is not itself influenced, result in a situation identical to the Feynman checkerboard model of the Dirac equation. This suggests that the same theoretical framework that gives rise to an emergent spacetime is consistent with quantum mechanics. In this paper, we begin to explore the effect of influence on the emergent properties of a particle. This initial study suggests that when a particle is influenced, it is interpreted as accelerating in a manner consistent with special relativity implying that, at least in this situation, influence can be conceived of as a force.

  20. Information-based physics, influence, and forces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walsh, James Lyons; Knuth, Kevin H.

    2015-01-01

    In recent works, Knuth and Bahreyni have demonstrated that the concepts of space and time are emergent in a coarse-grained model of direct particle-particle influence. In addition, Knuth demonstrated that observer-made inferences regarding the free particle, which is defined as a particle that influences others, but is not itself influenced, result in a situation identical to the Feynman checkerboard model of the Dirac equation. This suggests that the same theoretical framework that gives rise to an emergent spacetime is consistent with quantum mechanics. In this paper, we begin to explore the effect of influence on the emergent properties of a particle. This initial study suggests that when a particle is influenced, it is interpreted as accelerating in a manner consistent with special relativity implying that, at least in this situation, influence can be conceived of as a force.

  1. Software Engineering Seminar (7th) 28 April - 2 May 1980, Elgin Air Force Base, Florida.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-02-02

    Missile Test Center, Point Mugu, CA .............. .113 6. FLIGHT TEST ORIENTED PRECOMPILER SYSTEM (FLTOPS) - Thomas Berard 6520th Test Group/ ENCS Air...8217!his traillir j-an be r to holde.s 7L scirntific degrees i’r order t,-. ia a - -"l,.-T bomoge . acY.:,ro’,i d and scie tifi , ’- mat’..r i ti in t...major differ- ences were found. These differences were expected, however, and were caused by three reasons. 1. Mismatching time spans between the two

  2. Final Environmental Assessment for Shared Use Paths (SUP), Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    red-cockaded woodpecker SHPO State Historic Preservation Officer SPOC Single Point of Contact SWPPP Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan SUP...Contact ( SPOC ) on May 18, 2011. The SPOC was also provided the FCMP Consistency Determination detailing the Proposed Action on May 18, 2011. See...Appendix A. On July 12, 2011 the SPOC concluded the review for consistency with the FCMP and other state agencies. No comments were received from the

  3. Installation Restoration Program Records Search for MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-06-01

    RATING FACTOR (0") s4LaD cow Population Within 1.000 Feet 1f IaM £ 4 1𔃼. Distance to Nerest Distance to Reservation L Usei’Zoni~nq 2 30 Critical. mnv...the Records Search phase of its Istallation Restoration Program (IRP). The. first site rating model was developed in June 1981 at a meeting with

  4. F-22 Operational Squadron and T-38 Detachment Beddown at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    sleep , while a change in “ sleep stage ” represents a shift from one of four sleep stages to another stage of lighter sleep ...without actual awakening. In general, arousal requires a somewhat higher noise level than does a change in sleep stage . An analysis sponsored by the... CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT Same as Report (SAR) 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 278 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT

  5. Final Environmental Assessment for Advanced Littoral Reconnaissance Technologies (ALRT) Project at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-28

    visual tracking surveys with the subjectivity of live trapping (FWC, 2006). Current threats to this population include predation by feral cats and loss...that may infect native wildlife. Coyotes, red fox, feral cats , fire ants, and cactus moths are nonnative invasive animal species known to inhabit SRI... Feral Cats Feral cats are a major predator on native wildlife species. Over time, and with the assistance of humans, feral cats have become

  6. Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for F-35 Beddown at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-26

    matrix is then referred to as sediment . Under certain conditions, interaction between stormwater runoff and the soil surface, in association...instructors. Impacts on soil and water resources on TA C-62 from strafing would be sedimentation due to erosion and the possible leaching of metals into...C-72 both contain Okaloosa darter streams. Okaloosa darters may be affected by sediment runoff due to exposed soils and munitions use on TA C-52

  7. Test Area C-74 Complex Final Range Environmental Assessment at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-21

    lead to soil erosion and stream sedimentation and physical impacts to terrestrial species and habitat. However, the road system (Appendix A) downrange...water resource issues include human-induced sedimentation caused by soil erosion and water contamination caused by munition expenditure chemical...Stream habitats have been altered by smothering from introduced soil sediments . Recovery of this TA C-74 headwater stream channel to

  8. Environmental Assessment for the General Plan and Maintenance of Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-01

    3-21 3.6.2.8 Piping Plover ...americana Black-bellied plover Pluvialis squatarola Semipalmated plover Charadrius semipalmatus Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Wouldet Catoptrophorus...Salt Marsh Snake* Nerodia clarkii taeniata T T Birds Roseate Spoonbill* Ajaia ajaja SSC Piping Plover * Charadrius melodus T T Little Blue

  9. Range Environmental Assessment for Test Area C-52 Complex, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-31

    cultural significance to Native American Tribes and the local community. Safety The analysis of safety impacts in this REA focuses on the...discovery and evaluate its nature, extent, and condition. 3. If Eglin AFB determines the human remains are Native American , it shall consult with...appropriate tribe or tribes in accordance with 43 CFR Part 10, the regulations implementing the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act

  10. Environmental Assessment for Cantonment Areas at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-28

    Native American cultures. These cultures are more visible and definable in the archaeological record, due to better preservation of more recent...to the Editor regarding Historic Preservation and Native American sites. Society for American Archaeology Bulletin, Vol. 13(4). Retrieved from http...the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990 (NAGPRA), and the American Indian Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA), among other acts

  11. Environmental Assessment for Beach Shoreline Protection at Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-27

    Daytona Beach and south of PAFB in a small area in Palm Beach County. In addition, the Space Coast Audubon Society (website) has considered piping...P.O. Box 4970 Jacksonville, FL 32232-0019 Mr. James Bennett Minerals Management Service 381 Elden Street Mail Stop 4042 Herndon, VA 20170 UNITED...of olive ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea). Pages 59-87 in Plotkin, P.T. (editor). Biology and Conservation of Ridley Sea Turtles. John

  12. Environmental Assessment of Building Demolition at Test Area A-15, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-03-24

    SC Threatened Terrestrial Mammals Santa Rosa beach mouse Peromyscus polionotus leucocephalus SC -- Turtles Green sea turtle Chelonia mydas Endangered...NRB, 2003). The threatened Atlantic loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta), and the endangered Atlantic green turtle ( Chelonia mydas ), typically nest

  13. Environmental Assessment for Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan Activities at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-28

    marilandica Great horned owl Bubo virginianus Bluejack oak Q. incana Gopher tortoise Gopherus polyphemus Wiregrass Aristida stricta Pocket gopher ...28 JAN 2013 2. REPORT TYPE Environmental Assessment 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2013 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Final Environmental...point sources that discharge pollutants into waters of the United States. USEPA State Wildlife Possession Permit Authorizes keeping gopher

  14. Intrinsic Remediation Treatability Study for Site ST-29 Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-08-01

    study suggest that dissolved BTEX contamination present in groundwater poses no significant threat to human health or the environment at its present...protective of human health and the environment. This demonstration is not intended to be a contamination assessment report or a remedial action plan; rather... human health and the environment. 6-1 m:\\45005\\report\\•0reportdoc 0 0 0 0 • 0 0 6.1.1 Long-Term Effectiveness and Permanence Each remedial approach or

  15. Effects of Uranium Oxides on Some of the Algae Native to Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-06-01

    iagamforU4 + 2+ A-2 Eh-pH Diagram for U+4 , UO2 , UO@ , Uranus Hydroxide and Uranyl Carbonate Complexes ........ ...................... 08 A-3 Eh-pH...zero, depleted uranium metal in the penetrators will react with and hydrolize water to form uranus hydroxide complexes. The complexes will move with...and uranus hydroxide complexes: U(V) as UO2; and U(VI) as UO2+ and uranyl hydroxide and carbonate complexes. Uranium also complexes2’ strongly with

  16. Environmental Assessment for the 920th Rescue Wing Beddown Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-10-01

    920th Headquarters Building will be approximately 42,100 square feet (SF) in size and will be a multi-story steel frame facility with concrete ...foundation and floor slab. Site work will include pavements , sidewalks, storm water drainage/retention system, landscaping and fencing. Appendix A... concrete block and stucco building with a tile roof. (DD Form 1391 completed) 6. The Weapons Maintenance Shop is estimated to be approximately

  17. Environmental Assessment for Mid-Bay Bridge Connector, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-05

    Joint Fires Integration and Interoperability Team. The 46th Test Wing, located at Eglin, manages the Center’s test and evaluation mission and oversees a...and low stature shrubs. The structure and composition was maintained by frequent fires , (every 3-5 years), which controlled hardwood, sand pine, and...titi encroachment. Longleaf Pine Sandhills consist of a high diversity of species adapted to fire and the heterogeneous conditions that fires create

  18. Environmental Assessment for MILCON Fitness Center and Fitness Training Area, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    spectator suppmt areas, and an indoor nmning track; a group exercise area; a fitness equipment area; racquetball comts , massage rooms; a juice bar; a...In April 2007, the US Supreme Comt concluded (Massachusetts v. EPA, 549 U.S. 497) that greenhouse gases meet the definition of air pollutants under...breeding groups as the population goal for Eglin and 9 other prin1ary core populations. As of August 6, 2009, a total of 371 potential breeding groups

  19. Environmental Assessment for Airfield Safety and Drainage Improvements at Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-22

    piping because of their steep slopes, deeper depths as well as almost 75% coverage by cattail in Canal 3. None of the Proposed Action canals have... well as setbacks will conform with permitting requirements to minimize erosion and maintain current downstream characteristics thereby preventing...Water Act Section 404 and the Rivers and Harbors Act Section 10) as well as mitigation for functional loss of jurisdictional open waters in accordance

  20. In-Well Air Stripping/Bioventing Study at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-30

    to determine the feasibility of incorporating in-well air stripping systems into the design of bioventing systems to effectively extend bioventing to...systems were shown to be effective at remediating the benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) of the hydrocarbon contamination in the...aquifer; (2) the volatile compounds were effectively stripped from the groundwater; (3) anoxic groundwater entering the well was sufficiently

  1. Final Programmatic Environmental Assessment for Test Area C-74 Complex, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-08-18

    9759 WEsrFUlR!OI. ~QIIIAL PlJ.toolr!G,CI:l!JNQL Phon< (850) 595-8910 • SIC 695-8910 • (800) 226-8914 • Fu (850) 595-8967 •’<’- ,_ Lei C:zeck RnOOrt F... Herod ) USGS, Gainesville, FL (Howard Jelks) Sincerely yours, Gail A. Carmody Field Supervisor [[ LITERATURE CITED Barr, D.E., L.E. Hayes, and T

  2. Final Environmental Assessment: For Okaloosa County Wastewater Treatment Facility Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-04-01

    oxygen levels and result in a detrimental condition known as eutrophication . Other potential impacts to surface waters include construction impacts...waste holding area (Law Engineering, 2001). The facility stored oil in 55-gallon waste oil drums. The waste oil drums were placed on concrete...County Water and Sewer in December 1999, which revealed no visual indication of oil spills on the ground surface at the previous CRD land area (Law

  3. Installation Restoration Program. Phase II. Confirmation/Quantification. Stage 1. Homestead Air Force Base, Florida.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-03-07

    of secondary calcite replacement in the vugs. The fossil fragments evident in the sample are coelenterates ( corals ), bryozoans, brachiopods, and...Parameters: pH (units) 6.5-8.53 6.7-8.0 Temperature (C) NS 24.4 Specific Conductance NS 435.0 (umhos/cm) Trace Metals (ppb): Cadmium 10.0 10.0 0-4 1-9...Trace Metals (ppm): Cadmium 0.01 0.06 ə 0.1-7 Total Chromium 5.00 10-50 Hexavalent Chromium 0.01-0.09 Copper 0.02-0.23 20.00 2-100 Lead 2.00 0.02

  4. Maritime Strike Operations Tactics Development and Evaluation, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Final Environmental Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-01

    Yes 2,473 20 Northern Gulf of Mexico Continental Shelf Waters between the 20- and 200-meter (66- and 656-foot) isobaths, from Texas to Key West...Cetaceans, Sea Turtles and Seabirds in the Northern Gulf of Mexico : Distribution , Abundance and Habitat Associations. Volume II: Technical Report. Prepared...increase in the munber of nests on seven of the beaches on Quintana Roo , Mexico , from 1987- 2001, where survey effort was consistent during the period

  5. Environmental Assessment of the General Plan and Maintenance of Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-17

    Oman). Those beaches with 1,000 to 9,999 females nesting each year are Georgia through North Carolina (U.S.), Quintana Roo and Yu~tan ( Mexico ), Cape...increase in the number of nests laid on seven of the beaches in Quintana Roo , Mexico , from 1987 ·200 1 where survey effort was consistent during the period...grounds are distributed worldwide, with the Pacific Coast of Mexico historically supporting the world’s largest known concentration of nesting

  6. Environmental Assessment Improvements to Silver Flag Training Area at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-02

    Installation Compatible Use Zone program, soils , wetlands, smface water, floodplains , vegetation, fish and wildlife, listed species, land use...Pinus elliottii) and   North Source: Tyndall AFB INRMP FIGURE 3-7 100-Year Floodplains at Tyndall AFB EA for Improvements to Silver Flag Training...greater  soil  impacts  than Alternative 1. Appropriate BMPs and erosion/ sedimentation  controls would be implemented during  construction of Alternative 2a

  7. Environmental Assessment for Ecosystem Restoration Masterplan Implementation at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-01

    through 2004. No contaminants of concern were found in the media sampled (groundwater, surface water, soil , and other sediments ). Unexploded ordnances...above sediment and soil ecological screening criteria. The RFI is in the process of being developed. A work plan that describes the RCRA Facility...conducted at the site include: the collection of soil , groundwater, surface water and sediment samples to determine the nature and extent of

  8. Installation Restoration Program Records Search for Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-06-01

    and resident inspector for a 6-mgd wastewater treatment plant for the Grand Strand Water and Sewer Authority, Conway, South Carolina. Plant facilities...magnitude of potencia environmental impact. Consequently, a numerical value called a multiplier has been assigned to each factor in accordance with

  9. Environmental Assessment: Improvements to Silver Flag Training Area at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    The Proposed Action involves various improvements to the Silver Flag Training Area at Tyndall AFB. The following seven projects are proposed under... roof and no side walls. The structure would provide covered parking for 16 MRAP vehicles. 2.1.6 Construct Latrine/Shower/Laundry Facility...metal roof . 2.1.7 Convert Spray Field to Bed-Down Training Site This project would involve converting the existing inactive domestic wastewater

  10. Final Environmental Assessment for Long-Term Vegetation Control for Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-14

    with selection of less problematic herbicides (if rainfall is probable), use of buffer zones, as well as use of weather forecasts. Eglin obtains...is applied and surface water features such as ponds, streams, and springs will reduce the potential for contamination of water from rainfall -runoff...Runoff of this product will be reduced by avoiding applications when rainfall is forecasted to occur within 48 hours. Imazapyr Arsenal For

  11. Water Quality: Streams and Ponds on Selected Test Areas on Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-05-01

    autumnal (Nov-Dec), hibernal (Jan—Feb), prevernal (Mar-Apr), vernal (May-mid-Jun), aestival (mid-Jun-mid-Sep), and serotinal (mid-Sep-Oct...while the seasonal l ows ranged from 9.5° to 19.0°C. The seasonal mean went as high as 22.9°C during the aestival season and as low as 15.5°C during...ppm during the autumnal season (water temperature 10.5°C) to a low of 3.8 ppm during the vernal and aestival seasons (water temperatures 31.0° and

  12. Florida wildfire activity and atmospheric teleconnections

    Treesearch

    S.L. Goodrick

    2009-01-01

    Since 1991, the Florida Division of Forestry has been making seasonal fire severity forecasts based on arelationship between area burned in Florida and El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The...

  13. Compartment-based hydrodynamics and water quality modeling of a northern Everglades wetland, Florida, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wang, Hongqing; Meselhe, Ehab A.; Waldon, Michael G.; Harwell, Matthew C.; Chen, Chunfang

    2012-01-01

    The last remaining large remnant of softwater wetlands in the US Florida Everglades lies within the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge. However, Refuge water quality today is impacted by pumped stormwater inflows to the eutrophic and mineral-enriched 100-km canal, which circumscribes the wetland. Optimal management is a challenge and requires scientifically based predictive tools to assess and forecast the impacts of water management on Refuge water quality. In this research, we developed a compartment-based numerical model of hydrodynamics and water quality for the Refuge. Using the numerical model, we examined the dynamics in stage, water depth, discharge from hydraulic structures along the canal, and exchange flow among canal and marsh compartments. We also investigated the transport of chloride, sulfate and total phosphorus from the canal to the marsh interior driven by hydraulic gradients as well as biological removal of sulfate and total phosphorus. The model was calibrated and validated using long-term stage and water quality data (1995-2007). Statistical analysis indicates that the model is capable of capturing the spatial (from canal to interior marsh) gradients of constituents across the Refuge. Simulations demonstrate that flow from the eutrophic and mineral-enriched canal impacts chloride and sulfate in the interior marsh. In contrast, total phosphorus in the interior marsh shows low sensitivity to intrusion and dispersive transport. We conducted a rainfall-driven scenario test in which the pumped inflow concentrations of chloride, sulfate and total phosphorus were equal to rainfall concentrations (wet deposition). This test shows that pumped inflow is the dominant factor responsible for the substantially increased chloride and sulfate concentrations in the interior marsh. Therefore, the present day Refuge should not be classified as solely a rainfall-driven or ombrotrophic wetland. The model provides an effective screening tool for

  14. Asthma in schoolchildren in Monroe county, Florida: school-based needs assessment.

    PubMed

    Gasana, Janvier; Gibson-Young, Linda; Ibrahimou, Boubakari; Weiss-Randall, Debra; Arrieta, Alejandro; Beck-Sagué, Consuelo; Sivén, Jacqueline; Torok, Don

    2016-01-01

    Asthma is the most common chronic pediatric condition (14%) and the leading cause of school absenteeism in the USA. However, little is known about asthma prevalence and distribution in schoolchildren in the Florida Keys region (Monroe County). Thus, the objectives of this study were to assess asthma prevalence, symptoms, cost and distribution in schoolchildren in the Florida Keys region and to pinpoint where asthma management services are most needed. Cross-sectional survey data on asthma prevalence, symptoms and socio-demographics was collected and analyzed by race, sex, grade and zip code. A total of 2313 parents of schoolchildren in the Florida Keys completed the adapted Harlem Empowerment Zone Asthma Initiative Questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed to school principals, who sent them home with students to be filled out by parents or caregivers. We also analyzed data from the online Monroe County 2012 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey, the 2011 Florida CHARTS, the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey, and emergency departments (ED). Data were analyzed by race, sex, and grade. In total 14.5% of respondents had been told their child had asthma and 9.6% reported their child had wheezing in the last 12 months. The prevalence was higher in the Lower Keys and Key West regions. Parents from households where anyone smoked cigarettes (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.11-2.09) and those who had a male child (1.53, 1.17-2.00) more often reported that their child had asthma. The rate of asthma-related ED visits for Black non-Hispanic schoolchildren (1202 per 100,000) was substantially higher than the numbers for White (250.2 per 100,000) and Hispanic schoolchildren (325.1 per 100,000). Most of the direct cost of asthma was concentrated in children in grades four through seven ($1236.02-$2147.02 per child). The asthma prevalence in a sample of schoolchildren in the Florida Keys region was comparable to the nationwide prevalence. Black non-Hispanic schoolchildren had more asthma

  15. Environmental Assessment: Proposed U.S. Air Force Military Family Housing Privatization Initiative Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-03

    NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) MACTEC Engineering and Consulting, Inc,4150 N. John Young Parkway...County lies within the Indian River Lagoon Watershed which is located in the St. Johns River Basin. The Indian River Lagoon, the most biologically...County. The St. Johns River Water Management District leads the effort to protect and restore this natural treasure by administering the Indian River

  16. Army Air Force Exchange Service Service (AAFES) Station Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida Final Tiered Environmental Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-20

    comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 20 APR 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3 ...Report (SAR) 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 38 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT unclassified b. ABSTRACT unclassified c . THIS PAGE unclassified...6 5 . 3 I ,and Usc

  17. Interior view Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior view - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Satellite Communications Terminal, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  18. Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Hydraulic ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Hydraulic Fluid Buildings, Northeast of Looking Glass Avenue at southwest side of Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  19. F.E. Warren Air Force Base NPDES Permit

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Under NPDES permit CO-0034789, the USAF, F. E. Warren Air Force Base, is authorized to discharge from the Missile Launch Facilities located in northeastern Colorado to unnamed drainage ditches located in the Cedar Creek and Pawnee Creek drainage basins.

  20. GENERAL SITE PLAN, HAMILTON AIR FORCE BASE, MARIN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GENERAL SITE PLAN, HAMILTON AIR FORCE BASE, MARIN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. Pencil on paper, dated December 4, 1952. Also marked "PWC 103474." By J.Y. Long Company, Engineers, Oakland, California - Hamilton Field, East of Nave Drive, Novato, Marin County, CA

  1. Cut Bank Municipal Airport and Army Air Force Base, Terminal ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Cut Bank Municipal Airport and Army Air Force Base, Terminal Building, Approximately 390 yards west of Valier Highway (Montana Route 358), three miles southwest of Cut Bank, Cut Bank, Glacier County, MT

  2. Interior, looking northeast Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior, looking northeast - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Microwave Equipment Building, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  3. Space chimp Enos returns to Patrick Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1961-01-01

    Enos the chimpanzee that orbited the earth twice in a Mercury spacecraft arrives back at Patrick Air Force Base. Enos landed some 220 nautical miles south of Bermuda and was picked up up by the U.S.S. Stormes.

  4. Space chimp Enos returns to Patrick Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1961-01-01

    Enos the chimpanzee that orbited the earth twice in a Mercury spacecraft arrives back at Patrick Air Force Base. Enos landed some 220 nautical miles south of Bermuda and was picked up up by the U.S.S. Stormes.

  5. Interior, looking northwest Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior, looking northwest - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Civil Engineering Storage Building, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  6. Exterior, looking west Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Exterior, looking west - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Civil Engineering Storage Building, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  7. Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Vehicle ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Vehicle Refueling Station, Northeast of AGE Storage Facility at far northwest end of Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  8. General view. View to southwest Offutt Air Force Base, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    General view. View to southwest - Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Vehicle Refueling Station, Northeast of AGE Storage Facility at far northwest end of Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  9. STS-92 - Landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2000-10-24

    With its drag parachute deployed to help slow it down, the Space Shuttle Discovery rolls down the runway after landing at Edwards Air Force Base in Southern California at the conclusion of mission STS-92 on October 24, 2000.

  10. Exterior, looking north Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Exterior, looking north - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Supply Warehouse, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  11. Highbay Generator Room, looking northwest Beale Air Force Base, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Highbay Generator Room, looking northwest - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Power Plant, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  12. Interior, looking northeast Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior, looking northeast - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Clean Lubrication Oil Storage Tank & Enclosure, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  13. Exterior, looking west Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Exterior, looking west - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Guard Tower, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  14. Interior Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Gate House, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  15. Missile Warning Operations Center (MWOC) Beale Air Force Base, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Missile Warning Operations Center (MWOC) - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Techinical Equipment Building, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  16. Interior, looking northeast Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior, looking northeast - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Emergency Generator Enclosure, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  17. Interior, looking southeast Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior, looking southeast - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Supply Warehouse, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  18. Interior, looking west Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior, looking west - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Guard Tower, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  19. Exterior, detail, looking west Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Exterior, detail, looking west - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Power Plant, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  20. Looking north Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Looking north - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Electric Substation, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  1. Exterior, looking southwest Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Exterior, looking southwest - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Emergency Generator Enclosure, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  2. Exterior, looking west Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Exterior, looking west - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Clean Lubrication Oil Storage Tank & Enclosure, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  3. Near-Inertial Waves on the Continental Shelf: Physics Based on Observations off the West Florida.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maksimova, E. V.; Weisberg, R. H.

    2016-02-01

    Oscillations and waves of near-inertial frequency on the West Florida continental shelf in the eastern Gulf of Mexico are thought to be seasonally important for mixing the shelf waters because of their tendency to have large vertical shear and to be quite energetic. Such motions are also thought to seasonally affect the ecology of the region via daily vertical thermocline migration. The unique multiyear observations off the West Florida coast allow the understanding of physics underlying the processes. The presentation will discuss the key findings on near-inertial motions in the region, including observed energetics, spatial and temporal variability, and mechanisms of generation and dissipation. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation Ocean Sciences Postdoctoral Research Fellowship under Grant OCE-1421180 (E. V. Maksimova).

  4. Clionid sponge surveys on the Florida Reef Tract suggest land-based nutrient inputs.

    PubMed

    Ward-Paige, Christine A; Risk, Michael J; Sherwood, Owen A; Jaap, Walter C

    2005-01-01

    Bioerosion by Cliona delitrix and Cliona lampa was assessed at 43 sites along the Florida Reef Tract, USA, in the summer of 2001. Sponge abundances were estimated using rapid visual assessment. Tissue samples of sponges were taken for analysis of delta15N. Comparison samples were taken from Belize. Annual trends in sponge abundance were estimated from archived videos covering the period from 1996 to 2001. Sites with the greatest boring sponge size and cover were in the Backcountry and Lower Keys, where total nitrogen, ammonium, and delta15N levels were highest. The sites with the largest relative increase of C. delitrix and C. lampa over the 5 year period were in the Upper Keys, where the greatest relative decline in stony coral cover has occurred. Florida sponge delta15N values were 5.2(+/-0.1)%, suggesting the influence of human waste; in comparison, offshore Belize samples were 2.1(+/-0.1)%. These results suggest sewage contamination of the Florida Reef Tract, shifting the carbonate balance from construction to destruction.

  5. Force-rebalanced Lorentz force magnetometer based on a micromachined oscillator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sonmezoglu, S.; Li, M.; Horsley, D. A.

    2015-03-01

    This paper presents a 3-axis Lorentz force magnetometer based on an encapsulated micromechanical silicon resonator having three orthogonal vibration modes, each measuring one vector component of the external magnetic field. One mode, with natural frequency (fn) of 46.973 kHz and quality factor (Q) of 14 918, is operated as a closed-loop electrostatically excited oscillator to provide a frequency reference for 3-axis sensing and Lorentz force generation. Current, modulated at the reference frequency, is injected into the resonator, producing Lorentz force that is centered at the reference frequency. Lorentz force in the first axis is nulled by the oscillator loop, resulting in force-rebalanced operation. The bandwidth and scale-factor of this force-rebalanced axis are independent of resonator Q, improving the sensor's temperature coefficient from 20 841 ppm/ °C to 424 ppm/ °C. The frequencies of the other two modes are closely spaced to the first mode's reference frequency and are demonstrated to track this frequency over temperature within 1 ppm/K. Field measurements in these two axes are conducted open-loop and off-resonance, ensuring that the scale-factor is independent of Q to first order and producing a measurement bandwidth of over 40 Hz.

  6. Florida Bay salinity and Everglades wetlands hydrology circa 1900 CE: A compilation of paleoecology-based statistical modeling analyses

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Marshall, F.E.; Wingard, G.L.

    2012-01-01

    The upgraded method of coupled paleosalinity and hydrologic models was applied to the analysis of the circa-1900 CE segments of five estuarine sediment cores collected in Florida Bay. Comparisons of the observed mean stage (water level) data to the paleoecology-based model's averaged output show that the estimated stage in the Everglades wetlands was 0.3 to 1.6 feet higher at different locations. Observed mean flow data compared to the paleoecology-based model output show an estimated flow into Shark River Slough at Tamiami Trail of 401 to 2,539 cubic feet per second (cfs) higher than existing flows, and at Taylor Slough Bridge an estimated flow of 48 to 218 cfs above existing flows. For salinity in Florida Bay, the difference between paleoecology-based and observed mean salinity varies across the bay, from an aggregated average salinity of 14.7 less than existing in the northeastern basin to 1.0 less than existing in the western basin near the transition into the Gulf of Mexico. When the salinity differences are compared by region, the difference between paleoecology-based conditions and existing conditions are spatially consistent.

  7. A Comparison of Growth and Survival of Aquacultured Juvenile Florida Pompano fed Fishmeal and Plant-Based Diets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Budden, D.

    2016-02-01

    We investigated the growth and survival of aquacultured juvenile Florida Pompano (Trachinotus carolinus) fed two different diets. Pompano (initial weight 7.7 g /fish) were randomly assigned to one of two dietary treatments: Zeigler pellets (fishmeal; 35% protein, 5% lipid) and a plant-based Repashy Soilent Green algae gel (plant-based; 35% protein, 6% lipid). Fish were fed rations of 5% body weight twice daily for eight weeks. Despite nearly equivalent proximate compositions for the two feeds, survival rates were significantly affected by diet. All fish fed the Zeigler diet survived; however, mortality was observed in 92% of the fish fed the Repashy diet. At the end of the trial, mean weight gain of surviving pompano was highest in fish fed Zeigler pellets. Mean specific growth rate (SGR) for fish fed the Zeigler diet (0.24% per day) was higher than for fish fed Repashy (-2.44%).While plant-based feeds have been successfully used with the species, these results suggest that the plant-based Repashy diet is not suitable for survival or growth of aquacultured Florida pompano.

  8. HAER Level II Documentation of Launch Complexes 1/2, 3/4, 9/10, 14, and 34 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    between 1950 and 1960.38 By the early 1960s, the missiles tested at Launch Complex 3/4 were either declared operational or made obsolete by...missiles were deployed to various USAF bases across the United States. Although declared operational in 1959, testing of the Atlas D continued through... Scores .” CAPE CANAVERAL AIR FORCE STATION, LAUNCH COMPLEX 14 HAER No. FL-8-7 (Page 15) additional unsuccessful launches, testing of the

  9. Florida's Timber

    Treesearch

    Robert w. Larson; Marcus H. Goforth

    1961-01-01

    The period between the completion of Florida's first Forest Survey in 1936 and the third in 1959 spans nearly a quarter of a century. In 1936, the era of large sawmills was coming to a close, but half the lumber was still produced b ya dozen large mills. Taxes were high and lumber prices had no recovered from the depression slump

  10. Florida's Forest

    Treesearch

    William A. Bechtold; Herbert A. Knight

    1982-01-01

    In accordance with the Forest and Rangeland renewable Resources planning act (RPA) of 1974, the fifth inventory of Florida’s forests was expanded to accommodate both timber and nontimber evaluations. This report presents the principal findings of the timber evaluation. The nontimber evaluations will be published separately.

  11. Vandenberg Air Force Base Emission Survey.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    meteorological conditions. These procedures are described in the following sections. The Toxic Hazard Corridor ( THC ) forecast is the method by which...areas downwind of planned vents and possible accidental spills of toxic chemicals. 2-64 A THC forecast must be requested from Base Weather immediately...prior to the start of the operations for which the THC is needed. A THC must be computed for the following operations: (1) Transfer of toxic

  12. Closure of Chanute Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-02-01

    pollution sources but is formed from emissions of nitrogen oxides and non-methane organic compounds in the presence of heat and sunlight. Sulfur...test cell heating plant (Illinois EPA permit ID 029065AAC), the central heating plant, and the pathological incinerator that is located at the base...the central heating plant with an electrostatic precipitator. This permit expired on December 17, 1989. Reapplica- tion for renewal of the permit hs

  13. Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada Photovoltaic Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    retrieved October 27, 2007, from World Wide Web: http://www.whitehouse.gov/ask/20070327.html. 6 unprecedented growth in wind and solar technologies ...and delivers the highest efficiency solar electricity technology worldwide. Based on more than 20 years of innovation, SunPower delivers proven solar...SunPower believes it will compete with retail electric rates by reducing system cost by 50% by 2012.27 SunPower solar technology was developed by Dr

  14. Unmanned Turning Force Control Based on the Spindle Drive Characteristics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huh, Kunsoo; Pak, Changho

    While the rough turning process is machining a workpiece at various cutting depth, the feedrate is usually selected based on the maximum depth of cut. Even if this selection can avoid power saturation or tool breakage, it is very conservative compared to the capacity of machine tools and can reduce the productivity significantly. Many adaptive control techniques have been reported that can adjust the feedrate to maintain the constant cutting force. However, these controllers are not very widely used in manufacturing industry because of the limitations in measuring the cutting force signals and selecting the appropriate cutting force level. In this paper, an unmanned turning process control system is proposed based on the spindle drive characteristics. A synthesized cutting force monitor is introduced to estimate the cutting force as accurately as a dynamometer does. The reference cutting force level as well as the feed-rate is selected considering the spindle motor characteristics. Because the cutting process is highly nonlinear, a fuzzy logic controller is applied to maintain the desired cutting force level. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed system can be easily realized in CNC lathe with requiring little additional hardware.

  15. Vehicle Lateral State Estimation Based on Measured Tyre Forces

    PubMed Central

    Tuononen, Ari J.

    2009-01-01

    Future active safety systems need more accurate information about the state of vehicles. This article proposes a method to evaluate the lateral state of a vehicle based on measured tyre forces. The tyre forces of two tyres are estimated from optically measured tyre carcass deflections and transmitted wirelessly to the vehicle body. The two remaining tyres are so-called virtual tyre sensors, the forces of which are calculated from the real tyre sensor estimates. The Kalman filter estimator for lateral vehicle state based on measured tyre forces is presented, together with a simple method to define adaptive measurement error covariance depending on the driving condition of the vehicle. The estimated yaw rate and lateral velocity are compared with the validation sensor measurements. PMID:22291535

  16. Patrick Air Force Base integrated resource assessment. Volume 3, Resource assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Sandusky, W.F.; Parker, S.A.; King, D.A.; Wahlstrom, R.R.; Elliott, D.B.; Shankle, S.A.

    1993-12-01

    The US Air Force has tasked the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in support of the US Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost effective energy projects at Patrick Air Force Base (AFB). This is part of a model program that PNL is designing to support energy-use decisions in the federal sector. This report provides the results of the fossil fuel and electric energy resource opportunity (ERO) assessments performed by PNL at Patrick AFB which is located south of Cocoa Beach, Florida. It is a companion report to Volume 1, Executive Summary, and Volume.2, Baseline Detail. The results of the analyses of EROs are presented in 11 common energy end-use categories. A narrative description of each ERO is provided, including information on the installed cost, energy and dollar savings, impacts on operations and maintenance, and, when applicable, a discussion of energy supply and demand, energy security, and environmental issues. A description of the evaluation methodologies and technical and cost assumptions is also provided for each ERO. Summary tables present the cost-effectiveness of energy end-use equipment before and after the implementation of each ERO and present the results of the life-cycle cost analysis indicating the net present value and value index of each ERO.

  17. Optimizing the Router Configurations within a Nominal Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    a separable to a non-separable graph. Thus, removal of any single vertex will not produce a disconnected graph. Frederickson and JaJa showed (non...Force Base Locator, http://www.airforce.com/contact-us/base- locator/, accessed June 1, 2009. [3] G. N. Frederickson and J. JaJa , “On the relationship

  18. Florida's forests-2005 update

    Treesearch

    Mark J. Brown

    2007-01-01

    This bulletin highlights principal findings of an annual inventory of Florida's forests. Data summaries are based on measurements of 60 percent of the plots in the State. Additional data summaries and bulletins will be published as the remaining plots are measured.

  19. Paleoenvironmental assessment of recent environmental changes in Florida Bay, USA: a biomarker based study

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Xu, Y.; Holmes, C.W.; Jaffe, R.

    2007-01-01

    The extractable lipid compositions in four Florida Bay cores were determined in order to understand environmental changes over the last 160 years. The most significant environmental change was recorded by oscillations in the amplitude and frequency of biomarkers during the 20th century. Two seagrass molecular proxies (Paq and the C25/C27n-alkan-2-one ratio) reached a maximum post 1900, suggesting that abundant seagrass communities existed during the 20th century. A sharp drop in the Paq value from 0.65 to 0.48 in the central Bay at about 1987 seems to reflect seagrass die-off. The concentrations of microbial biomarkers (C20 HBIs, C25 HBIs and dinosterol) substantially increased after 1950 in the TC, BA and NB cores, reflecting an increase in algal (planktonic organism) primary productivity. However, the RB core presented the highest abundance of C25 HBIs and dinosterol during the period of 1880–1940, suggesting historically large inputs from diatoms and dinoflagellates. A substantial rise in abundance of taraxerol (a specific biomarker of mangroves) from 20 μg/g TOC in the 1830s to 279 μg/g TOC in the l980s is likely a result of increased mangrove primary productivity along the shore of the NE Bay. These changes are most likely the result of hydrological alterations in South Florida.

  20. Gender-based differences in Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) movements

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Valentine-Darby, P. L.; Darby, P.C.; Percival, H.F.

    2011-01-01

    Gastropod movements have been studied in the context of habitat selection, finding food and mates, and avoiding predation. Many of these studies were conducted in the laboratory, where constraints on spatial scale influence behavior. We conducted a field study of Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) movements using telemetry. We hypothesized that Florida apple snail movements were driven by reproductive activity, and that gender differences would be evident. We documented male and female directions and distances traveled. We also conducted a trapping study that included conspecific bait to test if the presence of females attracted more males as measured by M:F ratios in traps. The greatest distances traveled were by males, and males were more likely to maintain a consistent bearing compared to females. Male distances peaked in what typically corresponds to peak breeding season. M:F ratios in traps were positively associated with reproductive activity in the study population as measured by egg cluster counts. Conspecific bait had no effect on the number of males or females captured. However, if a female crawled into the trap, we observed greater numbers of males compared to those with no trapped females. Males may have tracked females to increase mating encounters, following slime trails, as seen in other aquatic (including other Pomacea) snails. The capacity for mate finding has implications for reproductive success in the relatively low density populations often seen for Pomacea paludosa.

  1. Micro-Vibration-Based Slip Detection in Tactile Force Sensors

    PubMed Central

    Fernandez, Raul; Payo, Ismael; Vazquez, Andres S.; Becedas, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Tactile sensing provides critical information, such as force, texture, shape or temperature, in manipulation tasks. In particular, tactile sensors traditionally used in robotics are emphasized in contact force determination for grasping control and object recognition. Nevertheless, slip detection is also crucial to successfully manipulate an object. Several approaches have appeared to detect slipping, the majority being a combination of complex sensors with complex algorithms. In this paper, we deal with simplicity, analyzing how a novel, but simple, algorithm, based on micro-vibration detection, can be used in a simple, but low-cost and durable, force sensor. We also analyze the results of using the same principle to detect slipping in other force sensors based on flexible parts. In particular, we show and compare the slip detection with: (i) a flexible finger, designed by the authors, acting as a force sensor; (ii) the finger torque sensor of a commercial robotic hand; (iii) a commercial six-axis force sensor mounted on the wrist of a robot; and (iv) a fingertip piezoresistive matrix sensor. PMID:24394598

  2. GPI based velocity/force observer design for robot manipulators.

    PubMed

    Gutiérrez-Giles, Alejandro; Arteaga-Pérez, Marco A

    2014-07-01

    In many applications involving a robot in contact with a surface it is important to control the interaction between the manipulator and its environment, usually by employing force sensors. However, sometimes it is desirable to remove them due to a variety of reasons, e.g. high costs, noisy measurements and a narrow bandwidth. To overcome these drawbacks, in this work it is proposed as a velocity/force observer based on the Generalized Proportional Integral (GPI) technique. Joint velocities and contact forces are estimated with only position measurements and then used in a force/position control scheme. Ultimate boundedness of the observation errors is formally proven and an arbitrarily small ultimate bound is then achieved. Simulation results are used to validate the proposed approach. Copyright © 2014 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Florida Everglades

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Spanning the southern tip of the Florida Peninsula and most of Florida Bay, Everglades National Park is the only subtropical preserve in North America. It contains both temperate and tropical plant communities, including sawgrass prairie, mangrove and cypress swamps, pinelands, and hardwood hammocks, as well as marine and estuarine environments. The park is known for its rich bird life, particularly large wading birds, such as the roseate spoonbill, wood stork, great blue heron, and a variety of egrets. It is also the only place in the world where alligators and crocodiles exist side by side. This image was acquired by Landsat 7's Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) sensor on May 2, 2000. This is a false-color composite image made using shortwave infrared, near infrared, and green wavelengths. The image has also been sharpened using the sensor's panchromatic band. Image provided by the USGS EROS Data Center Satellite Systems Branch

  4. Utility Building Plan, elevations and sections. March Air Force Base, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Utility Building Plan, elevations and sections. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, COmbat Operations Center, Utility Building. By Moffatt and Nichol, Engineers, 122 West Fifth Street, Long Beach, California; for the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Office of the District Engineer, Los Angeles, California. Drawing no. AW-60-02-03, sheet no. 57, approved March, 1962; specifications no. ENG-04-353-62-66; D.O. series AW 1596/57, Rev. "B"; file drawer 1290. Last revised 3 October 1966 "drawings updated." Various scales. 29 x 41 inches. pencil on paper - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Utility Building, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

  5. Charge-based forces at the Nafion-water interface.

    PubMed

    Das, Ronnie; Pollack, Gerald H

    2013-02-26

    Interfacial water lying next to hydrophilic surfaces has been shown to be spectroscopically, mechanically, and electrically distinct from bulk water. Interfacial water has also been shown to exclude negatively and positively charged microspheres and has thus become known as the "exclusion zone". Measurements have demonstrated that exclusion zones exhibit a negative electrical potential on the order of -100 mV relative to bulk water, with a corresponding distribution of positive protons in the bulk water region beyond the exclusion zone. This separation of charge is hypothesized to create an electrostatic force between the exclusion zone and the proton-enriched zone beyond. To test this hypothesis, a hydrophilic Nafion ring was attached to the tip of a deflectable ribbonlike force sensor. The sensor was designed to obstruct the flow of protons from one side of the lever to the other, so that any proton-based force would remain unilateral. pH-sensitive dye measurements confirmed that the protons were largely confined to one side. When the lever assembly was exposed to water, the sensor deflected toward the protons. Over a period of 20 min, deflection amounted to approximately 20 μm, corresponding to a force of approximately 22 μN. Hence, electrostatic forces are confirmed. If exclusion zones exist ubiquitously at hydrophilic surfaces, including biological surfaces, then the resulting electrostatic forces may play significant roles in many biological phenomena including adhesion and protein folding.

  6. CHARGE-BASED FORCES AT THE NAFION-WATER INTERFACE

    PubMed Central

    Das, Ronnie; Pollack, Gerald H.

    2013-01-01

    Interfacial water lying next to hydrophilic surfaces has been shown to be spectroscopically, mechanically, and electrically distinct from bulk water. Interfacial water has also been shown to exclude negatively- and positively-charged microspheres, and has thus become known as the “exclusion zone.” Measurements have demonstrated that exclusion zones exhibit a negative electrical potential on the order of −100 mV relative to bulk water, with a corresponding distribution of positive protons in the bulk water region beyond the exclusion zone. This separation of charge is hypothesized to create an electrostatic force between the exclusion zone and the proton-enriched zone beyond. To test this hypothesis, a hydrophilic Nafion ring was attached to the tip of a deflectable ribbon-like force sensor. The sensor was designed to obstruct the flow of protons from one side of the lever to the other, so that any proton-based force would remain unilateral. pH-sensitive dye measurements confirmed that the protons were largely confined to one side. When the lever assembly was exposed to water, the sensor deflected toward the protons. Over a period of 20 min, deflection amounted to approximately 20 μm, corresponding to a force of approximately 22 μN. Hence, electrostatic forces are confirmed. If exclusion zones exist ubiquitously at hydrophilic surfaces, including biological surfaces, then the resulting electrostatic forces may play significant roles in many biological phenomena including adhesion and protein folding. PMID:23311934

  7. Draft Environmental Analysis for the Realignment of Forces at Davis- Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-08-01

    secondary job market workforce in Pima County and was not considered significant. A similar effect on the housing market of less than 0.3 percent was also...PROPOSED ACTION 1.1 PROJECT LOCATION Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, (AFB) is located adjacent to the city of Tucson, in Pima County , Arizona...for the areas within the access boundary. " Changes in the approved Pima County Comprehensive Plan reflect an awareness of aircraft/land use

  8. South Florida Information Access (SOFIA) metadata for the U.S. Geological Survey Greater Everglades place-based studies

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stapleton, Jo Anne; Sonenshein, Roy

    2004-01-01

    Beginning in 1995 the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) funded scientific research to support the restoration of the Greater Everglades area and to supply decision makers and resource mangers with sound data on which to base their actions. However, none of the research and resulting data is useful if it can?t be discovered, can?t be assessed for utility in an application, can?t be accessed, or is in an undetermined format. The decision was made early in the USGS Place-Based Studies (PBS) program to create a ?one-stop? entry for information and data about USGS research results. To facilitate the discovery process some mechanism was needed to allow standardized queries about data. The FGDC metadata standard has been used to document the South Florida PBS data from the beginning.

  9. NASA's modified Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft with the Space Shuttle Endeavour on top lifts off to begin its ferry flight back to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2001-05-08

    NASA's modified Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft with the Space Shuttle Endeavour on top lifts off from Edwards Air Force Base to begin its ferry flight back to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

  10. Public Health Education in Florida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

    This report documents issues related to the work of the Florida Comprehensive Health Professions Education Plan. Public health education prepares students for initial employment or advancement in a number of positions. While the public health work force is primarily employed in various units in local, state, and federal governments, industry also…

  11. Barcoding exotic whitefly in Florida

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    A portion of a mitochondrial gene has been sequenced for three recent invasive whitefly pests in Florida: Fig whitefly, Bondar’s whitefly and rugose spiraling whitefly. Diagnostic tests based on these sequences remain to be developed. ...

  12. Nellis Air Force Base Capital Improvements Program Environmental Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    Engineer System ACM Asbestos-Containing Material ADP Area Development Plan AFB Air Force Base AGE Aerospace Ground Equipment AICUZ Air... engineering controls are in place. Impacts from hazardous materials and waste operations would apply to either Scenario 1, light construction, or Scenario...the following factors were considered: contributions from engine exhaust emissions (i.e., construction equipment, material handling, and

  13. STS-67 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    The Space Shuttle Endeavour, after completing a mission of almost 17 days duration in space, touches down on runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California. Landing occurred at 1:46 p.m. (EST), March 18, 1995. In this photo the nose gear is still in the air as the orbiter touches down.

  14. STS-66 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The main landing gear is on the ground and the nose gear is about to touch down as the Space Shuttle Atlantis heads toward a stop at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California, ending a successful 10 day, 22 hour and 34 minute space mission. Landing occured at 7:34 a.m. (PST), November 14, 1994.

  15. STS-67 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    The drag chute is fully deployed in this view of the Space Shuttle Endeavour as it completes a mission of almost 17 days duration in space on runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California. Landing occurred at 1:46 p.m. (EST), March 18, 1995.

  16. STS-66 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The drag chute is fully deployed as the Space Shuttle Atlantis heads toward a stop at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California, ending a successful 10 day, 22 hour and 34 minute space mission. Landing occured at 7:34 a.m. (PST), November 14, 1994.

  17. The Campus-Based Formula. NASFAA Task Force Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The primary purpose of the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NASFAA) Campus-Based Aid Allocation Task Force was to examine the formula by which congressional appropriations for the Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG), Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Perkins Loan programs are distributed to schools,…

  18. STS-114 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2005-08-09

    STS114-S-049 (9 August 2005) --- The sun rises on the Space Shuttle Discovery as it rests on the runway at Edwards Air Force Base in California, after a safe landing at 5:11 a.m. (PDT) on August 9, 2005. The landing concludes a historic 14-day, Return to Flight mission to the International Space Station.

  19. Bioventing Field Initiative at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    This report describes the activities conducted at three sites at Robins Air Force Base (AFB), Georgia, as part of the Bioventing Field initiative for...respiration test, and installation of a bioventing system. The specific objectives of this task are described in the following section. The test sites at the

  20. Environmental Assessment: Military Family Housing Privatization Maxwell Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    Water Resources) Montgomery Chamber of Commerce George , Randall (President) Montgomery County – City Public Library Montgomery County...Force Base Personnel, Interviewer; Tamara Carroll. Zervos , Spero G. 2001. A Brief History of Maxwell AFB. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University History...35486- 6999 205-247-3589 Montgomery Chamber of Commerce President Randall George 41 Commerce Street Montgomery, AL 36101 PO Box 79 Montgomery, AL

  1. STS-114 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2005-08-09

    STS114-S-048 (9 August 2005) --- The sun rises on the Space Shuttle Discovery as it rests on the runway at Edwards Air Force Base in California, after a safe landing at 5:11 a.m. (PDT) on Aug. 9, 2005. The landing concludes a historic 14-day Return to Flight STS-114 mission to the international space station.

  2. The use of macrophyte-based systems for phosphorus removal: an overview of 25 years of research and operational results in Florida.

    PubMed

    DeBusk, T A; Dierber, F E; Reddy, K R

    2001-01-01

    Phosphorus (P) removal from wastewaters and surface runoff using macrophyte-based systems (MBS) has been a topic of great interest in Florida for over 25 years. During this period, P removal by both treatment wetlands and floating aquatic macrophyte systems has been evaluated from both a research and operational standpoint. Several factors have contributed to the increased focus on the use of MBS for P removal. First, there exist no conventional technologies that can cost-effectively achieve the low outflow P concentrations required to protect the integrity of Florida's relatively pristine surface waters. Second, because MBSs typically provide some water storage, they can accommodate the wide ranges of flows typical for runoff sources such as agricultural drainage waters. Finally, many regions in Florida have sufficient area for deployment of the relatively land-intensive MBS technologies. The first P removal work in Florida was initiated in the mid-1970s, and involved pilot-scale research on domestic wastewater treatment by natural wetlands. Parallel studies were performed with managed (periodically harvested) floating plant systems (i.e., Eichhornia crassipes) for tertiary treatment. Since that time, the range of operational systems that have been deployed include emergent macrophyte-based and forested wetlands, managed floating plant systems, and submerged macrophyte-based systems. Waters treated by MBS include domestic effluents, agricultural runoff and eutrophic lake waters. Phosphorus removal targets for MBS in Florida have been as low as 10 microg/L. In this paper, we summarize research and operational results for MBS in Florida over the past 25 years.

  3. The South Florida Ecosystem Portfolio Model - A Map-Based Multicriteria Ecological, Economic, and Community Land-Use Planning Tool

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Labiosa, William B.; Bernknopf, Richard; Hearn, Paul; Hogan, Dianna; Strong, David; Pearlstine, Leonard; Mathie, Amy M.; Wein, Anne M.; Gillen, Kevin; Wachter, Susan

    2009-01-01

    The South Florida Ecosystem Portfolio Model (EPM) prototype is a regional land-use planning Web tool that integrates ecological, economic, and social information and values of relevance to decision-makers and stakeholders. The EPM uses a multicriteria evaluation framework that builds on geographic information system-based (GIS) analysis and spatially-explicit models that characterize important ecological, economic, and societal endpoints and consequences that are sensitive to regional land-use/land-cover (LULC) change. The EPM uses both economics (monetized) and multiattribute utility (nonmonetized) approaches to valuing these endpoints and consequences. This hybrid approach represents a methodological middle ground between rigorous economic and ecological/ environmental scientific approaches. The EPM sacrifices some degree of economic- and ecological-forecasting precision to gain methodological transparency, spatial explicitness, and transferability, while maintaining credibility. After all, even small steps in the direction of including ecosystem services evaluation are an improvement over current land-use planning practice (Boyd and Wainger, 2003). There are many participants involved in land-use decision-making in South Florida, including local, regional, State, and Federal agencies, developers, environmental groups, agricultural groups, and other stakeholders (South Florida Regional Planning Council, 2003, 2004). The EPM's multicriteria evaluation framework is designed to cut across the objectives and knowledge bases of all of these participants. This approach places fundamental importance on social equity and stakeholder participation in land-use decision-making, but makes no attempt to determine normative socially 'optimal' land-use plans. The EPM is thus a map-based set of evaluation tools for planners and stakeholders to use in their deliberations of what is 'best', considering a balancing of disparate interests within a regional perspective. Although

  4. Statistical Short-Range Guidance for Peak Wind Speed Forecasts at Edwards Air Force Base, CA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dreher, Joseph G.; Crawford, Winifred; Lafosse, Richard; Hoeth, Brian; Burns, Kerry

    2009-01-01

    The peak winds near the surface are an important forecast element for space shuttle landings. As defined in the Flight Rules (FR), there are peak wind thresholds that cannot be exceeded in order to ensure the safety of the shuttle during landing operations. The National Weather Service Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG) is responsible for weather forecasts for all shuttle landings, and is required to issue surface average and 10-minute peak wind speed forecasts. They indicate peak winds are a challenging parameter to forecast. To alleviate the difficulty in making such wind forecasts, the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) developed a PC-based graphical user interface (GUI) for displaying peak wind climatology and probabilities of exceeding peak wind thresholds for the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) at Kennedy Space Center (KSC; Lambert 2003). However, the shuttle occasionally may land at Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB) in southern California when weather conditions at KSC in Florida are not acceptable, so SMG forecasters requested a similar tool be developed for EAFB.

  5. The Feasibility of Establishing Operational Water Hyacinth-Based Systems at the Treatment Facilities of Existing Cities. [in Florida and Texas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    The wastewater treatment facilities of three communities in southern Florida and two in southern Texas areas having populations of 20,000 or fewer persons were surveyed to determine: (1) their performance characteristics and the nature of their customers; (2) facility upgrading requirements needed to meet current and future EPA and State standards; (3) their adaptability to water hyacinth utilization and harvested plant disposal; and (4) the level of community support. Guidelines for site selection were established and applied to five cities in Texas and four in Florida. An evaluation of the prospective sites reveals that the Florida locations are generally unsuitable for implementation of water hyacinth based systems because of regulatory philosophy. All five Texas sites have excellent potential.

  6. MISR Views Southern Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    These MISR nadir-camera images of southern Florida were acquired on October 18, 2000 (Terra orbit 4446). The view on the left includes Daytona Beach near the top and the Florida Keys at the bottom. Orlando appears as a grayish patch near the top of the image, just to the east of the greenish Lake Apopka, Florida's fourth largest and most polluted lake. On the coast is Cape Canaveral, home of the Kennedy Space Center.

    The large body of water in the middle of the land area is Lake Okeechobee. On the western (Gulf of Mexico) coast, Charlotte Harbor and Fort Myers are visible. Along the eastern (Atlantic) coast, partially obscured by clouds, are Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale, and Miami. Further to the east, the shallow waters and reefs of the Little Bahama and Great Bahama Banks appear in striking blue and green colors.

    The two righthand images show the Florida Everglades and the Keys in more detail. Like the lefthand view, the top image is a natural color composite of blue, green, and red band imagery. On the bottom is a false color composite comprised of green, red, and near-infrared data. Near-infrared light is invisible to the human eye. The high reflectance of plants in this part of the electromagnetic spectrum, displayed here in shades of red, is the basis of many satellite-based techniques for detecting and characterizing land surface vegetation.

  7. MISR Views Southern Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    These MISR nadir-camera images of southern Florida were acquired on October 18, 2000 (Terra orbit 4446). The view on the left includes Daytona Beach near the top and the Florida Keys at the bottom. Orlando appears as a grayish patch near the top of the image, just to the east of the greenish Lake Apopka, Florida's fourth largest and most polluted lake. On the coast is Cape Canaveral, home of the Kennedy Space Center.

    The large body of water in the middle of the land area is Lake Okeechobee. On the western (Gulf of Mexico) coast, Charlotte Harbor and Fort Myers are visible. Along the eastern (Atlantic) coast, partially obscured by clouds, are Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale, and Miami. Further to the east, the shallow waters and reefs of the Little Bahama and Great Bahama Banks appear in striking blue and green colors.

    The two righthand images show the Florida Everglades and the Keys in more detail. Like the lefthand view, the top image is a natural color composite of blue, green, and red band imagery. On the bottom is a false color composite comprised of green, red, and near-infrared data. Near-infrared light is invisible to the human eye. The high reflectance of plants in this part of the electromagnetic spectrum, displayed here in shades of red, is the basis of many satellite-based techniques for detecting and characterizing land surface vegetation.

  8. Florida, USA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1991-06-14

    STS040-613-049 (5-14 June 1991) --- This oblique scene from the Earth-orbiting Space Shuttle Columbia shows southern Florida, several of the Bahama Islands and parts of the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The nine-day STS-40/Spacelab Life Sciences (SLS-1) mission started with launch from Kennedy Space Center (KSC), visible in lower left. Cuba can be seen at top center. The picture was photographed with a handheld Rolleiflex camera, aimed through Columbia's aft flight deck windows.

  9. Florida Keys

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-28

    NASA image acquired January 4, 2012 The Florida Keys many colors were captured when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Aqua satellite captured this true-color image. NASA/GSFC/Jeff Schmaltz/MODIS Land Rapid Response Team NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram

  10. Model based control of dynamic atomic force microscope

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Chibum; Salapaka, Srinivasa M.

    2015-04-15

    A model-based robust control approach is proposed that significantly improves imaging bandwidth for the dynamic mode atomic force microscopy. A model for cantilever oscillation amplitude and phase dynamics is derived and used for the control design. In particular, the control design is based on a linearized model and robust H{sub ∞} control theory. This design yields a significant improvement when compared to the conventional proportional-integral designs and verified by experiments.

  11. Model based control of dynamic atomic force microscope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Chibum; Salapaka, Srinivasa M.

    2015-04-01

    A model-based robust control approach is proposed that significantly improves imaging bandwidth for the dynamic mode atomic force microscopy. A model for cantilever oscillation amplitude and phase dynamics is derived and used for the control design. In particular, the control design is based on a linearized model and robust H∞ control theory. This design yields a significant improvement when compared to the conventional proportional-integral designs and verified by experiments.

  12. Model based control of dynamic atomic force microscope.

    PubMed

    Lee, Chibum; Salapaka, Srinivasa M

    2015-04-01

    A model-based robust control approach is proposed that significantly improves imaging bandwidth for the dynamic mode atomic force microscopy. A model for cantilever oscillation amplitude and phase dynamics is derived and used for the control design. In particular, the control design is based on a linearized model and robust H(∞) control theory. This design yields a significant improvement when compared to the conventional proportional-integral designs and verified by experiments.

  13. Geothermal-resource verification for Air Force bases

    SciTech Connect

    Grant, P.R. Jr.

    1981-06-01

    This report summarizes the various types of geothermal energy reviews some legal uncertainties of the resource and then describes a methodology to evaluate geothermal resources for applications to US Air Force bases. Estimates suggest that exploration costs will be $50,000 to $300,000, which, if favorable, would lead to drilling a $500,000 exploration well. Successful identification and development of a geothermal resource could provide all base, fixed system needs with an inexpensive, renewable energy source.

  14. STS-92 - Discovery Fly-away - return to Florida

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2000-11-02

    One of NASA’s two modified Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft with the Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery on its back climbs out after takeoff from Edwards Air Force Base, California. The Discovery was ferried from NASA’s Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards to NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 2, 2000, after extensive post-landing servicing and ferry flight preparations.

  15. A first generation cytogenetic ideogram for the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) based on multiple chromosome banding techniques

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gray, B.A.; Zori, Roberto T.; McGuire, P.M.; Bonde, R.K.

    2002-01-01

    Detailed chromosome studies were conducted for the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) utilizing primary chromosome banding techniques (G- and Q-banding). Digital microscopic imaging methods were employed and a standard G-banded karyotype was constructed for both sexes. Based on chromosome banding patterns and measurements obtained in these studies, a standard karyotype and ideogram are proposed. Characterization of additional cytogenetic features of this species by supplemental chromosome banding techniques, C-banding (constitutive heterochromatin), Ag-NOR staining (nucleolar organizer regions), and DA/DAPI staining, was also performed. These studies provide detailed cytogenetic data for T. manatus latirostris, which could enhance future genetic mapping projects and interspecific and intraspecific genomic comparisons by techniques such as zoo-FISH.

  16. A flexible piezoelectric force sensor based on PVDF fabrics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Y. R.; Zheng, J. M.; Ren, G. Y.; Zhang, P. H.; Xu, C.

    2011-04-01

    Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) film has been widely investigated as a sensor and transducer material due to its high piezo-, pyro- and ferroelectric properties. To activate these properties, PVDF films require a mechanical treatment, stretching or poling. In this paper, we report on a force sensor based on PVDF fabrics with excellent flexibility and breathability, to be used as a specific human-related sensor. PVDF nanofibrous fabrics were prepared by using an electrospinning unit and characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), FTIR spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. Preliminary force sensors have been fabricated and demonstrated excellent sensitivity and response to external mechanical forces. This implies that promising applications can be made for sensing garment pressure, blood pressure, heartbeat rate, respiration rate and accidental impact on the human body.

  17. Force feedback for virtual reality based minimally invasive surgery simulator.

    PubMed

    Baumann, R; Glauser, D; Tappy, D; Baur, C; Clavel, R

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents ongoing research towards an endoscopic surgery simulation system. Our specific application of interest is laparoscopic surgery. The goal is to conceive an endoscopic surgical training tool which allows to realistically simulate the interactions between one or several surgical instruments and the gastrointestinal organs in a virtual reality based environment. An artificial patient is being developed into which endoscopic surgical instruments can be inserted to operate upon virtual organs displayed on a video monitor. In order to achieve a faithful and precise simulation, not only a realistic graphical representation of the organic tissue and its behavior is needed, but also the forces and moments on the surgical instruments encountered during an operation are required to be simulated. The laparoscopic surgery simulator must therefore provide force feedback through the endoscopic instruments manipulated by the surgeon. This paper details the mechanical design of the force feedback mechanisms and addresses some of the technical challenges of this project.

  18. Permeability and porosity images based on P-wave surface seismic data: Application to a south Florida aquifer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parra, Jorge O.; Hackert, Chris L.; Bennett, Michael W.

    2006-02-01

    P-wave surface seismic reflection data, acquired from a carbonate aquifer in southeastern Florida, are used to delineate flow units in a proposed aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) horizon. The impedance image determined by inversion from P-wave reflection data captures most of the boundaries between hydraulic facies. The hydraulic facies properties are based on integration of the well logs and the lithology, which consists of vuggy carbonate units and sandstones. Within the proposed ASR horizon, located in the upper Floridan aquifer, low-permeability zones consist of sandstones and highly permeable zones are carbonates with interconnected vuggy porosity. High-resolution porosity, permeability, and impedance images based on cross-well reflection and well logs help us evaluate the P-wave seismic reflection results. We use well logs and cross-well seismic data to support whether two-dimensional seismic reflection measurements detect important flow units delineated by cross-well high-resolution seismic data. The data analysis demonstrates that major flow units are resolved and imaged with two-dimensional seismic reflection techniques, although not as clearly as in the high-resolution cross-well data. The results suggest that the surface seismic reflection method, integrated with well logs and geology, provides the tools to assess water resources in this south Florida carbonate aquifer. However, we recommend conducting a cross-well survey in areas where an understanding of the petrophysics is imperative to relating the seismic attributes to rock and fluid properties. This can be a critical step for planning purposes when considering a large surface-oriented seismic survey.

  19. Energy Efficiency Upgrades for Little Rock Air Force Base

    SciTech Connect

    Goldman, C.; Dunlap, M.A.

    2000-11-13

    Little Rock Air Force Base (LRAFB), in partnership with the local utility, Entergy Services, Inc., has reduced energy costs and used savings from investments in high-efficiency equipment to maintain and improve the condition of base housing and other facilities. Three projects were completed, with over $10 million invested. Major accomplishments include replacing air-to-air heat pumps with high-efficiency ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs) in more than 1,500 base housing units, lighting modifications to 10 buildings, upgrade of HVAC equipment in the base's enlisted club, and energy-efficient lighting retrofits for LRAFB's flight simulator.

  20. The Politics of Teacher Reform in Florida: Analyzing Causal Narratives Surrounding State Adoption of Performance-Based Evaluations, Performance Pay, and Tenure Elimination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Christopher; Cohen-Vogel, Lora

    2012-01-01

    Following a multiyear debate, Florida lawmakers passed the "Student Success Act" in March 2011, introducing some of the most sweeping educational reforms in the state's history--the introduction of teacher evaluation systems based on value-added modeling, mandatory "performance pay" for teachers, and the elimination of…

  1. Energy-based land use predictors of proximal factors and benthic diatom composition in Florida freshwater marshes.

    PubMed

    Lane, Charles R; Brown, Mark T

    2006-06-01

    The Landscape Development Intensity index (LDI), which is based on non-renewable energy use and integrates diverse land use activities, was compared to other measures of LU (e.g., %agriculture, %urban) to determine its ability for predicting benthic diatom composition in freshwater marshes of peninsular Florida. In this study, 70 small, isolated herbaceous marshes located along a human disturbance gradient (generally agricultural) throughout peninsular Florida were sampled for benthic diatoms and soil and water physical/chemical parameters (i.e., TP, TKN, pH, specific conductance, etc.). Landscape measures of percent agriculture, percent urban, percent natural, and LDI index values were calculated for a 100 m buffer around each site. The strongest relationships using Mantel's r statistic, which ranges from -1 to 1, were found between benthic diatom composition, the combined soil and water variables, and LDI scores (r=0.51, P<0.0001). Although similar, soil and water variables alone (r=0.45, P<0.0001) or with percent agriculture or percent natural were not as strongly correlated (both Mantel's r=0.46, P<0.0001). Little urban land use was found in the areas surrounding the study wetlands. Diatom data were clustered using flexible beta into 2 groups, and stepwise discriminant analysis identified specific conductance, followed by LDI score, soil pH, water total phosphorus, and ammonia, as cluster-separating variables. The LDI explained slightly more of the variation in species composition than either percent agriculture or percent natural, perhaps because the LDI can combine disparate land uses into a single quantitative value. However, the ecological significance of the difference between land use metrics and diatom composition is controvertible, and additional tests including more varied land uses appear warranted.

  2. Complex Behavior of Forces Influencing Molten Weld Metal Flow based on Static Force Balance Theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Achebo, Joseph I.

    This study is aimed at investigating the forces responsible for the detachment of molten metal droplets formed at an electrode tip, which imminently and eventually drop into the weld pool during the welding process. The Equations used by Kim and Eagar in 1993 were applied to this study. It was found that the different detaching forces which are the gravitational force, the electromagnetic force, and the drag force, were determined to be 7.154 x 10-6N, 0.05N and 1.736N respectively. Whereas, the primary retaining force, which is the surface tension force, was calculated to be 0.0195N. From the findings, since the combination of the detaching forces taken together is greater than the retaining force, detachment of the molten metal droplet must inevitably occur. The combined effect of these forces on the behaviour of molten metal during the droplet detachment process was adequately investigated in this study.

  3. An aerial radiological survey of the Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and surrounding area, Titusville, Florida: Date of survey: October 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    An aerial radiological survey of the entire Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) was performed during the period 9 through 23 October 1985. This survey was conducted in three parts. First, a low resolution, low sensitivity background survey was performed that encompassed the entire KSC and CCAFS area. Next, two smaller, high resolution, high sensitivity surveys were conducted: the first focused on Launch Complexes 39A and 39B, and the second on the Shuttle Landing Facility. The areas encompassed by the surveys were 200, 5.5, and 8.5 square miles (500, 14, and 22 sq km), respectively. The purpose of these surveys was to provide information useful for an emergency response to a radiological accident. Results of the background survey are presented as isoradiation contour maps of both total exposure rate and man-made gross count superimposed on a mosaic of recent aerial photographs. Results of the two small, detailed surveys are also presented as an isoradiation contour map of exposure rate on the aerial photograph base. These data were evaluated to establish sensitivity limits for mapping the presence of plutonium-238. Natural background exposure rates at the Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station are very low, generally ranging from 4 to 6.5 microroentgens per hour (..mu..R/h) and less than 4 ..mu..R/h in wet areas. However, exposure rates in developed areas were observed to be higher due to the importation of construction materials not characteristic of the area. 8 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  4. Elevations. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, Combat Operations Center, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Elevations. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, Combat Operations Center, Combat Operations Building. By Moffatt and Nichol, Engineers, 122 West Fifth Street, Long Beach, California; for the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Office of the District Engineer, Los Angeles, California. Drawing no. AW-60-02-03, sheet no. 14, approved March, 1962; specifications no. ENG-04-353-62-66; D.O. series AW 1596/14, Rev. "B"; file drawer 77-1/102. Last revised 3 October 1966. Scale one-eighth inch to one foot. 30x36 inches. photocopy on paper - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Combat Operations Center, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

  5. Sections. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, Combat Operations Center, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Sections. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, Combat Operations Center, Combat Operations Building. By Moffatt and Nichol, Engineers, 122 West Fifth Street, Long Beach, California; for the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Office of the District Engineer, Los Angeles, California. Drawing no. AW-60-02-03, sheet no. 14, approved March, 1962; specifications no. ENG-04-353-62-66; D.O. series AW 1596/15, Rev. "A"; file drawer 1290. Last revised 3 October 1966. Scale one-eighth inch to one foot. 30x36 inches. pencil on paper - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Combat Operations Center, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

  6. Basewide environmental baseline survey, Reese Air Force Base, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    1996-11-26

    This Environmental Baseline Survey (EBS) has been prepared to document the environmental condition of real property at Reese Air Force Base (AFB), Texas, resulting from the storage, release, and disposal of hazardous substances and petroleum products and their derivatives over the installation`s history. Although primarily a management tool, this EBS is also used by the Air Force to meet its obligations under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), 42 U.S. Code Section 9620(h), as amended by the Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) (Public Law 102-426). Table ES-1 lists all Category 1 uncontaminated property associated with Reese AFB based on information obtained through a records search, interviews, and visual inspections at Reese AFB and Figures ES-1a and ES-1b depict their locations.

  7. Eielson Air Force Base Operable Unit 2 baseline risk assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, R.E.; Jarvis, T.T.; Jarvis, M.R.; Whelan, G.

    1994-10-01

    Operable Unit 2 at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) near Fairbanks, is one of several operable units characterized by petroleum, oil, and lubricant contamination, and by the presence of organic products floating at the water table, as a result of Air Force operations since the 1940s. The base is approximately 19,270 acres in size, and comprises the areas for military operations and a residential neighborhood for military dependents. Within Operable Unit 2, there are seven source areas. These source areas were grouped together primarily because of the contaminants released and hence are not necessarily in geographical proximity. Source area ST10 includes a surface water body (Hardfill Lake) next to a fuel spill area. The primary constituents of concern for human health include benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX). Monitored data showed these volatile constituents to be present in groundwater wells. The data also showed an elevated level of trace metals in groundwater.

  8. Environmental Assessment Proposed Demolition Plan Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    through a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with the Utah State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO). No long-term environmental impacts are expected from...Hill Air Force Base Consultation and Coordination with Utah SHPO, Memorandum of Agreement (2005), and Utah SHPO Concurrence Letters List of Figures...Paint LQG Large Quantity Generator MAMS Missile Assembly and Munitions Storage MOA Memorandum of Agreement msl Mean sea level NAAQS National

  9. Williams Air Force Base Air Quality Monitoring Study,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    During monitoring operations conducted from five ground stations at Williams Air Force Base (WAFB) near Phoenix, Arizona, air quallity data were collected... chemical spraying, which could explain the higher levels of THC. Pollution roses for CO and THC were constructed using April 17 - June 18 data, and the...mixing depth). They also provided information on the vertical mixing properties of the atmosphere and (as input for model calculations) insight into

  10. Bioventing Field Initiative at Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    This report describes the activities conducted at Keesler AFB, Mississippi, as part of the Bioventing Field initiative for the U.S. Air Force Center...and installation of bioventing systems. Each site at the base is discussed individually, followed by a description of site activities at the...background area. The purpose of this Bioventing Field initiative is to measure the soil gas permeability and microbial activity at a contaminated site in

  11. STS-68 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1994-10-11

    STS068-S-060 (11 October 1994) --- With its main landing gear not quite on the runway, the Space Shuttle Endeavour wraps up an eleven-day mission at Edwards Air Force Base, California. Landing occurred at 10:02 a.m. (PDT), October 11, 1994. Onboard were astronauts Michael A. Baker, mission commander; Terrence W. Wilcutt, pilot; Thomas D. Jones, payload commander; and Daniel W. Bursch, Peter J. K. (Jeff) Wisoff and Steven L. Smith, all mission specialists.

  12. STS-68 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1994-10-11

    STS068-S-059 (11 October 1994) --- With its main landing gear not quite on the runway, the Space Shuttle Endeavour wraps up an eleven-day mission at Edwards Air Force Base, California. Landing occurred at 10:02 a.m. (PDT), October 11, 1994. Onboard were astronauts Michael A. Baker, mission commander; Terrence W. Wilcutt, pilot; Thomas D. Jones, payload commander; and Daniel W. Bursch, Peter J. K. (Jeff) Wisoff and Steven L. Smith, all mission specialists.

  13. STS-114 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2005-08-09

    STS114-S-047 (9 August 2005) --- NASA’s Crew Transport Vehicle (CTV) pulls up to the Space Shuttle Discovery to offload the STS-114 crewmembers after a successful landing at 5:11 a.m. (PDT) on August 9, 2005 at Edwards Air Force Base in California. The landing concludes a historic 14-day, Return to Flight mission to the International Space Station.

  14. Diagnostic Studies of Mesoscale Variability in the Florida Current at the Downstream Boundary of the Intra-Americas Sea (IAS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mooers, C. N.; Bang, I.

    2007-05-01

    Most of the throughflow of the Intra-Americas Sea (IAS) passes through the Straits of Florida as the Florida Current. The Florida Current forms an intense jet and frontal system along the shelfbreak of the East Florida Shelf. It exhibits extrinsic variability associated with tides, synoptic weather systems, and seasonal and longer- term variations of atmospheric forcing and oceanic general circulation. The Florida Current also exhibits intrinsic variability associated with dynamical instabilities resulting in the formation of the well-known cyclonic Florida Current frontal eddies (FCFEs), their less well-known anticyclonic counterparts, and meanders on time scales similar to those of the synoptic atmospheric forcing. Here, the results of a limited-area, two-year numerical simulation using the Princeton Ocean Model (POM) [with mesoscale-admitting resolution; realistic bottom topography for the Straits of Florida; and realistic tidal, atmospheric, and open boundary forcing] are used for diagnostic studies of the aforementioned Florida Current variability. The simulations are validated against various types of observations and then used to examine processes beyond the scope and grasp of available observations. For example, powerful downwelling events occur along the East Florida Shelf (and upwelling events along the Bahamas) as the consequence of the passage of wintertime cold fronts which available observations can only partially characterize, while the simulations provide a much more comprehensive view of the associated countercurrent flows and related phenomena. Overall, a scientific strategy of diagnostic analyses based on numerical simulations is illustrated that should prove useful in improving the understanding of how other elements of the Gulf Stream System interact with the continental shelf and slope regions of the IAS.

  15. Florida Everglades

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-27

    A "river of grass" extending south of Lake Okeechobee shows how the area was modified by man with visible areas of dense agriculture, urban sprawl and water conservation areas delineated by a series of waterways that crisscross Southern Florida. The image was created March 18-24, 2013 from the Visible-Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument aboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership or Suomi NPP satellite, a partnership between NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA. Credit: NASA/NOAA To read more go to: www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/NPP/news/vegetation.html NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram

  16. Florida Keys

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2002-12-13

    The Florida Keys are a chain of islands, islets and reefs extending from Virginia Key to the Dry Tortugas for about 309 kilometers (192 miles). The keys are chiefly limestone and coral formations. The larger islands of the group are Key West (with its airport), Key Largo, Sugarloaf Key, and Boca Chica Key. A causeway extends from the mainland to Key West. This image was acquired on October 28, 2001, by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER images Earth to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA03890

  17. Model-based optical coherence elastography using acoustic radiation force

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aglyamov, Salavat; Wang, Shang; Karpiouk, Andrei; Li, Jiasong; Emelianov, Stanislav; Larin, Kirill V.

    2014-02-01

    Acoustic Radiation Force (ARF) stimulation is actively used in ultrasound elastography to estimate mechanical properties of tissue. Compared with ultrasound imaging, OCT provides advantage in both spatial resolution and signal-to-noise ratio. Therefore, a combination of ARF and OCT technologies can provide a unique opportunity to measure viscoelastic properties of tissue, especially when the use of high intensity radiation pressure is limited for safety reasons. In this presentation we discuss a newly developed theoretical model of the deformation of a layered viscoelastic medium in response to an acoustic radiation force of short duration. An acoustic impulse was considered as an axisymmetric force generated on the upper surface of the medium. An analytical solution of this problem was obtained using the Hankel transform in frequency domain. It was demonstrated that layers at different depths introduce different frequency responses. To verify the developed model, experiments were performed using tissue-simulating, inhomogeneous phantoms of varying mechanical properties. The Young's modulus of the phantoms was varied from 5 to 50 kPa. A single-element focused ultrasound transducer (3.5 MHz) was used to apply the radiation force with various durations on the surface of phantoms. Displacements on the phantom surface were measured using a phase-sensitive OCT at 25 kHz repetition frequency. The experimental results were in good agreement with the modeling results. Therefore, the proposed theoretical model can be used to reconstruct the mechanical properties of tissue based on ARF/OCT measurements.

  18. Stamping vital cells - a force-based ligand receptor assay.

    PubMed

    Wienken, Uta; Gaub, Hermann E

    2013-12-17

    Gaining information about receptor profiles on cells, and subsequently finding the most efficient ligands for these signaling receptors, remain challenging tasks in stem cell and cancer research as well as drug development. We introduce a live-cell method with great potential in both screening for surface receptors and analysing binding forces of different ligands. The technique is based on the molecular force assay, a parallel-format, high-throughput experiment on a single-molecule level. On human red blood cells, we demonstrate the detection of the interaction of N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminyl residues with the lectin helix pomatia agglutinine and of the CD47 receptor with its antibody. The measurements are performed under nearly physiological conditions and still provide a highly specific binding signal. Moreover, with a detailed comparative force analysis on two cell types with different morphology, we show that our method even allows the determination of a DNA force equivalent for the interaction of the CD47 receptor and its antibody. Copyright © 2013 Biophysical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Environmental Assessment for the Hercules Tanker Plane Recapitalization at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    Air Force Research Laboratory ( AFRL ) from Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts to Kirtland AFB. These actions have...AFOSH Air Force Occupational and Environmental Safety, Fire Protection, and Health AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory AFSOC Air Force Special...FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE HERCULES TANKER PLANE RECAPITALIZATION AT KIRTLAND AIR FORCE BASE, NEW MEXICO Prepared

  20. Florida Hydrogen Initiative

    SciTech Connect

    Block, David L

    2013-06-30

    The Florida Hydrogen Initiative (FHI) was a research, development and demonstration hydrogen and fuel cell program. The FHI program objectives were to develop Florida?s hydrogen and fuel cell infrastructure and to assist DOE in its hydrogen and fuel cell activities The FHI program funded 12 RD&D projects as follows: Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure and Rental Car Strategies -- L. Lines, Rollins College This project analyzes strategies for Florida's early stage adaptation of hydrogen-powered public transportation. In particular, the report investigates urban and statewide network of refueling stations and the feasibility of establishing a hydrogen rental-car fleet based in Orlando. Methanol Fuel Cell Vehicle Charging Station at Florida Atlantic University ? M. Fuchs, EnerFuel, Inc. The project objectives were to design, and demonstrate a 10 kWnet proton exchange membrane fuel cell stationary power plant operating on methanol, to achieve an electrical energy efficiency of 32% and to demonstrate transient response time of less than 3 milliseconds. Assessment of Public Understanding of the Hydrogen Economy Through Science Center Exhibits, J. Newman, Orlando Science Center The project objective was to design and build an interactive Science Center exhibit called: ?H2Now: the Great Hydrogen Xchange?. On-site Reformation of Diesel Fuel for Hydrogen Fueling Station Applications ? A. Raissi, Florida Solar Energy Center This project developed an on-demand forecourt hydrogen production technology by catalytically converting high-sulfur hydrocarbon fuels to an essentially sulfur-free gas. The removal of sulfur from reformate is critical since most catalysts used for the steam reformation have limited sulfur tolerance. Chemochromic Hydrogen Leak Detectors for Safety Monitoring ? N. Mohajeri and N. Muradov, Florida Solar Energy Center This project developed and demonstrated a cost-effective and highly selective chemochromic (visual) hydrogen leak detector for safety monitoring

  1. Final Environmental Assessment Nellis Air Force Base School Initiative, Nellis Air Force Base, Clark County, Nevada

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    employed, no significant impacts on any of the affected resources would occur. Further, socioeconomic benefits would accrue to Nellis AFB and CCSD with...sources of increased concentrations of GHG due to human activity include the combustion of fossil fuels and deforestation (CO2), livestock and rice... benefits to students living on-base and from throughout Clark County who attend the school. On- base students would continue to attend a high-quality

  2. Fault-Isolation in Air Force Base Level Data Networks.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-10

    this report is current as of 1 August, 1980. This report has been reviewed and is approved for publication and distribution. Z /’ /e ,’ " DATE S, WY...OEE SAFCC T "hna R .... Final rSrt. Fault-Isolation in Air Force Base Level 1 I I Oct t - 1 Sep Data Networks 1 I 7. AUTHOR(s) 8. CONTRACT OR GRANT...Electronics Engineering Group Base Communications Systems (EEIC) Scott AFB IL 62225 11. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME AND ADDRESS 12. REPORT DATE 1 Sep 80

  3. Correlation of satellite lightning observations with ground-based lightning experiments in Florida, Texas and Oklahoma

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Edgar, B. C.; Turman, B. N.

    1982-01-01

    Satellite observations of lightning were correlated with ground-based measurements of lightning from data bases obtained at three separate sites. The percentage of ground-based observations of lightning that would be seen by an orbiting satellite was determined.

  4. Contact force measurement of instruments for force-feedback on a surgical robot: acceleration force cancellations based on acceleration sensor readings.

    PubMed

    Shimachi, Shigeyuki; Kameyama, Fumie; Hakozaki, Yoshihide; Fujiwara, Yasunori

    2005-01-01

    For delicate operations conducted using surgical robot systems, surgeons need to receive information regarding the contact forces on the tips of surgical instruments. For the detection of this contact force, one of the authors previously proposed a new method, called the overcoat method, in which the instrument is supported by sensors positioned on the overcoat pipe. This method requires cancellation of the acceleration forces of the instrument/holder attached to the overcoat sensor. In the present report, the authors attempt to use acceleration sensors to obtain the acceleration forces of the instrument/holder. The new cancellation method provides a force-detection accuracy of approximately 0.05-0.1 N for a dynamic response range of up to approximately 20 Hz, compared to approximately 1 Hz, which was achieved by using acceleration forces based on the theoretical robot motion.

  5. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - One of many vendors displaying their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida Power and Light draws a crowd during a demonstration. The annual KSC event is dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - One of many vendors displaying their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida Power and Light draws a crowd during a demonstration. The annual KSC event is dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

  6. Differential Impacts of Land-Based Sources of Pollution on the Microbiota of Southeast Florida Coral Reefs

    PubMed Central

    Staley, Christopher; Kaiser, Thomas; Gidley, Maribeth L.; Enochs, Ian C.; Jones, Paul R.; Goodwin, Kelly D.; Sinigalliano, Christopher D.

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Coral reefs are dynamic ecosystems known for decades to be endangered due, in large part, to anthropogenic impacts from land-based sources of pollution (LBSP). In this study, we utilized an Illumina-based next-generation sequencing approach to characterize prokaryotic and fungal communities from samples collected off the southeast coast of Florida. Water samples from coastal inlet discharges, oceanic outfalls of municipal wastewater treatment plants, treated wastewater effluent before discharge, open ocean samples, and coral tissue samples (mucus and polyps) were characterized to determine the relationships between microbial communities in these matrices and those in reef water and coral tissues. Significant differences in microbial communities were noted among all sample types but varied between sampling areas. Contamination from outfalls was found to be the greatest potential source of LBSP influencing native microbial community structure among all reef samples, although pollution from inlets was also noted. Notably, reef water and coral tissue communities were found to be more greatly impacted by LBSP at southern reefs, which also experienced the most degradation during the course of the study. The results of this study provide new insights into how microbial communities from LBSP can impact coral reefs in southeast Florida and suggest that wastewater outfalls may have a greater influence on the microbial diversity and structure of these reef communities than do contaminants carried in runoff, although the influences of runoff and coastal inlet discharge on coral reefs are still substantial. IMPORTANCE Coral reefs are known to be endangered due to sewage discharge and to runoff of nutrients, pesticides, and other substances associated with anthropogenic activity. Here, we used next-generation sequencing to characterize the microbial communities of potential contaminant sources in order to determine how environmental discharges of microbiota and their

  7. Differential Impacts of Land-Based Sources of Pollution on the Microbiota of Southeast Florida Coral Reefs.

    PubMed

    Staley, Christopher; Kaiser, Thomas; Gidley, Maribeth L; Enochs, Ian C; Jones, Paul R; Goodwin, Kelly D; Sinigalliano, Christopher D; Sadowsky, Michael J; Chun, Chan Lan

    2017-05-15

    Coral reefs are dynamic ecosystems known for decades to be endangered due, in large part, to anthropogenic impacts from land-based sources of pollution (LBSP). In this study, we utilized an Illumina-based next-generation sequencing approach to characterize prokaryotic and fungal communities from samples collected off the southeast coast of Florida. Water samples from coastal inlet discharges, oceanic outfalls of municipal wastewater treatment plants, treated wastewater effluent before discharge, open ocean samples, and coral tissue samples (mucus and polyps) were characterized to determine the relationships between microbial communities in these matrices and those in reef water and coral tissues. Significant differences in microbial communities were noted among all sample types but varied between sampling areas. Contamination from outfalls was found to be the greatest potential source of LBSP influencing native microbial community structure among all reef samples, although pollution from inlets was also noted. Notably, reef water and coral tissue communities were found to be more greatly impacted by LBSP at southern reefs, which also experienced the most degradation during the course of the study. The results of this study provide new insights into how microbial communities from LBSP can impact coral reefs in southeast Florida and suggest that wastewater outfalls may have a greater influence on the microbial diversity and structure of these reef communities than do contaminants carried in runoff, although the influences of runoff and coastal inlet discharge on coral reefs are still substantial.IMPORTANCE Coral reefs are known to be endangered due to sewage discharge and to runoff of nutrients, pesticides, and other substances associated with anthropogenic activity. Here, we used next-generation sequencing to characterize the microbial communities of potential contaminant sources in order to determine how environmental discharges of microbiota and their genetic

  8. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The danger zone. An area in the Atlantic Ocean immediately offshore from...

  9. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The danger zone. An area in the Atlantic Ocean immediately offshore from...

  10. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The danger zone. An area in the Atlantic Ocean immediately offshore from...

  11. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The danger zone. An area in the Atlantic Ocean immediately offshore from...

  12. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The danger zone. An area in the Atlantic Ocean immediately offshore from...

  13. An Individual-based Rurality Measure and Its Health Application: A Case Study of Latino Immigrants in North Florida, USA

    PubMed Central

    Mao, Liang; Stacciarini, Jeanne-Marie R.; Smith, Rebekah; Wiens, Brenda

    2015-01-01

    Rurality has been frequently noted by researchers as pathways to understand human health in rural and remote areas. Current measures of rurality are mostly oriented to places, not individuals, and have not accounted for individual mobility, thus inappropriate for studying health and well-being at an individual level. This research proposed a new concept of individual-based rurality by integrating personal activity spaces. A feasible method was developed to quantify individuals’ rural experience using household travel surveys and geographic information systems (GIS). For illustration, the proposed method was applied to understand the well-being and social isolation among rural Latino immigrants, who had participated in a community-based participatory research (CBPR) study in North Florida, USA. The resulting individuals’ rurality indices were paired with their scores of well-being and social isolation to identify potential associations. The correlation analysis showed that the proposed rurality can be related to the social isolation, mental and physical well-being of individuals in different gender groups, and hence could be a suitable tool to investigate rural health issues. PMID:26615336

  14. An individual-based rurality measure and its health application: A case study of Latino immigrants in North Florida, USA.

    PubMed

    Mao, Liang; Stacciarini, Jeanne-Marie R; Smith, Rebekah; Wiens, Brenda

    2015-12-01

    Rurality has been frequently noted by researchers as pathways to understand human health in rural and remote areas. Current measures of rurality are mostly oriented to places, not individuals, and have not accounted for individual mobility, thus inappropriate for studying health and well-being at an individual level. This research proposed a new concept of individual-based rurality by integrating personal activity spaces. A feasible method was developed to quantify individuals' rural experience using household travel surveys and geographic information systems (GIS). For illustration, the proposed method was applied to understand the well-being and social isolation among rural Latino immigrants, who had participated in a community-based participatory research (CBPR) study in North Florida, USA. The resulting individuals' rurality indices were paired with their scores of well-being and social isolation to identify potential associations. The correlation analysis showed that the proposed rurality can be related to the social isolation, mental and physical well-being of individuals in different gender groups, and hence could be a suitable tool to investigate rural health issues.

  15. Estimating dynamic external hand forces during manual materials handling based on ground reaction forces and body segment accelerations.

    PubMed

    Faber, Gert S; Chang, Chien-Chi; Kingma, Idsart; Dennerlein, Jack T

    2013-10-18

    Direct measurement of hand forces during assessment of manual materials handling is infeasible in most field studies and some laboratory studies (e.g., during patient handling). Therefore, this study proposed and evaluated the performance of a novel hand force estimation method based on ground reaction forces (GRFs) and body segment accelerations. Ten male subjects performed a manual lifting/carrying task while an optoelectronic motion tracking system measured 3D full body kinematics, a force plate measured 3D GRFs and an instrumented box measured 3D hand forces. The estimated 3D hand forces were calculated by taking the measured GRF vector and subtracting the force vectors due to weight and acceleration of all body segments. Root-mean-square difference (RMSD) between estimated and measured hand forces ranged from 11 to 27N. When ignoring the segment accelerations (just subtracting body weight from the GRFs), the hand force estimation errors were much higher, with RMSDs ranging from 21 to 101N. Future studies should verify the performance of the proposed hand force estimation method when using an ambulatory field measurement system. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Atomic force microscopy-based shape analysis of heart mitochondria.

    PubMed

    Lee, Gi-Ja; Park, Hun-Kuk

    2015-01-01

    Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has become an important medical and biological tool for the noninvasive imaging of cells and biomaterials in medical, biological, and biophysical research. The major advantages of AFM over conventional optical and electron microscopes for bio-imaging include the facts that no special coating is required and that imaging can be done in all environments-air, vacuum, or aqueous conditions. In addition, it can also precisely determine pico-nano Newton force interactions between the probe tip and the sample surface from force-distance curve measurements.It is widely known that mitochondrial swelling is one of the most important indicators of the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore. As mitochondrial swelling is an ultrastructural change, quantitative analysis of this change requires high-resolution microscopic methods such as AFM. Here, we describe the use of AFM-based shape analysis for the characterization of nanostructural changes in heart mitochondria resulting from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.

  17. Waste management issues at US Air Force bases

    SciTech Connect

    Doesburg, J.M.

    1992-05-01

    Air Force installations are industrial bases for projecting men and machinery around the globe. Supporting this mission typically requires large quantities of stockpiled potentially hazardous materials. Over the past several decades, spills, poor accounting, mis-handling, and lack of understanding have led to discharges of hazardous substances into the environment. The Installation Restoration Program (IRP) is a Department of Defense directed program aimed at remediating discharges of hazardous substances, POL (petroleum, oil, and lubricants), and solid waste disposal at defense installations. The IRP is broader in scope than even the US EPA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), and requires the Air Force managers to integrate their programs with a broad range of regulations (See Table 1 below). Managing the wastes generated by the remediation program is one of the unexpected problems the Air Force has faced in their remediation efforts. The traditional approach to remediating sites in the US has been to remove the material and place it in a secure landfill, or in the case of groundwater, to pump and treat the effluent. These technologies have proven to be very expensive and don't really fix the problem. The waste is just moved from one place to another. Moreover, these policies ignore a fundamental technology available to today's environmental managers: waste minimization.

  18. Waste management issues at US Air Force bases

    SciTech Connect

    Doesburg, J.M.

    1992-05-01

    Air Force installations are industrial bases for projecting men and machinery around the globe. Supporting this mission typically requires large quantities of stockpiled potentially hazardous materials. Over the past several decades, spills, poor accounting, mis-handling, and lack of understanding have led to discharges of hazardous substances into the environment. The Installation Restoration Program (IRP) is a Department of Defense directed program aimed at remediating discharges of hazardous substances, POL (petroleum, oil, and lubricants), and solid waste disposal at defense installations. The IRP is broader in scope than even the US EPA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), and requires the Air Force managers to integrate their programs with a broad range of regulations (See Table 1 below). Managing the wastes generated by the remediation program is one of the unexpected problems the Air Force has faced in their remediation efforts. The traditional approach to remediating sites in the US has been to remove the material and place it in a secure landfill, or in the case of groundwater, to pump and treat the effluent. These technologies have proven to be very expensive and don`t really fix the problem. The waste is just moved from one place to another. Moreover, these policies ignore a fundamental technology available to today`s environmental managers: waste minimization.

  19. Grip Force and 3D Push-Pull Force Estimation Based on sEMG and GRNN

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Changcheng; Zeng, Hong; Song, Aiguo; Xu, Baoguo

    2017-01-01

    The estimation of the grip force and the 3D push-pull force (push and pull force in the three dimension space) from the electromyogram (EMG) signal is of great importance in the dexterous control of the EMG prosthetic hand. In this paper, an action force estimation method which is based on the eight channels of the surface EMG (sEMG) and the Generalized Regression Neural Network (GRNN) is proposed to meet the requirements of the force control of the intelligent EMG prosthetic hand. Firstly, the experimental platform, the acquisition of the sEMG, the feature extraction of the sEMG and the construction of GRNN are described. Then, the multi-channels of the sEMG when the hand is moving are captured by the EMG sensors attached on eight different positions of the arm skin surface. Meanwhile, a grip force sensor and a three dimension force sensor are adopted to measure the output force of the human's hand. The characteristic matrix of the sEMG and the force signals are used to construct the GRNN. The mean absolute value and the root mean square of the estimation errors, the correlation coefficients between the actual force and the estimated force are employed to assess the accuracy of the estimation. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) is also employed to test the difference of the force estimation. The experiments are implemented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed estimation method and the results show that the output force of the human's hand can be correctly estimated by using sEMG and GRNN method. PMID:28713231

  20. Grip Force and 3D Push-Pull Force Estimation Based on sEMG and GRNN.

    PubMed

    Wu, Changcheng; Zeng, Hong; Song, Aiguo; Xu, Baoguo

    2017-01-01

    The estimation of the grip force and the 3D push-pull force (push and pull force in the three dimension space) from the electromyogram (EMG) signal is of great importance in the dexterous control of the EMG prosthetic hand. In this paper, an action force estimation method which is based on the eight channels of the surface EMG (sEMG) and the Generalized Regression Neural Network (GRNN) is proposed to meet the requirements of the force control of the intelligent EMG prosthetic hand. Firstly, the experimental platform, the acquisition of the sEMG, the feature extraction of the sEMG and the construction of GRNN are described. Then, the multi-channels of the sEMG when the hand is moving are captured by the EMG sensors attached on eight different positions of the arm skin surface. Meanwhile, a grip force sensor and a three dimension force sensor are adopted to measure the output force of the human's hand. The characteristic matrix of the sEMG and the force signals are used to construct the GRNN. The mean absolute value and the root mean square of the estimation errors, the correlation coefficients between the actual force and the estimated force are employed to assess the accuracy of the estimation. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) is also employed to test the difference of the force estimation. The experiments are implemented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed estimation method and the results show that the output force of the human's hand can be correctly estimated by using sEMG and GRNN method.

  1. Smartphone-based portable intensity modulated force sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Negri, Lucas H.; Schiefer, Elberth M.; Paterno, Aleksander S.; Muller, Marcia; Fabris, José L.

    2015-09-01

    This work proposes a low-cost force sensor, based on intensity modulation in an optical fibre. The transducer element is composed of a knot in a single mode fibre embedded to a silicone adhesive cuboid, and can be easily fabricated. A simple sensing scheme is devised by using a visible light source and a CCD camera of a smartphone, allowing implementation costs to be reduced. Experimental results have shown that the sensor presents a linear response and a standard uncertainty of 1:07N within the dynamical range from 0 to 30 N.

  2. Vandenberg Air Force Base Pressure Gradient Wind Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shafer, Jaclyn A.

    2013-01-01

    Warning category winds can adversely impact day-to-day space lift operations at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) in California. NASA's Launch Services Program and other programs at VAFB use wind forecasts issued by the 30 Operational Support Squadron Weather Flight (30 OSSWF) to determine if they need to limit activities or protect property such as a launch vehicle. The 30 OSSWF tasked the AMU to develop an automated Excel graphical user interface that includes pressure gradient thresholds between specific observing stations under different synoptic regimes to aid forecasters when issuing wind warnings. This required the AMU to determine if relationships between the variables existed.

  3. Drainage Canal Survey, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-03-01

    A,-TR-1 993-0003 AD-A263 478 - A DRAINAGE CANAL SURVEY,R HICKAM AIR FORCE BASE, HAWAIIR M S T Darrin L. Curtis, Captain, USAF, BSC R 0 N G...REPORT DATE 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED March 1993 Final 16-27 March 1992 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS Drainage Canal Survey, Hickam...Laboratory Water Quality Function conducted a drainage canal survey at Hickam AFB HI from 16 to 27 Mar 92. The scope of the survey was to indicate if current

  4. Geothermal studies at Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Riddle, L.; Grant, B.

    1981-05-01

    Due to an effort by government installations to discontinue use of natural gas, alternative energy sources are being investigated at Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, New Mexico. New Mexico has geologic characteristics favorable for geothermal energy utilization. Local heat flow and geochemical studies indicate a normal subsurface temperature regime. The alluvial deposits, however, extend to great depths where hot fluids, heated by the normal geothermal gradient, could be encountered. Two potential models for tapping geothermal energy are presented: the basin model and the fault model.

  5. STS-68 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1994-10-11

    STS068-S-061 (11 October 1994) --- The drag chute system, one of 13 Detailed Test Objectives (DTO) for STS-68, is deployed as the Space Shuttle Endeavour completes an eleven-day mission at Edwards Air Force Base, California. Landing occurred at 10:02 a.m. (PDT), October 11, 1994. Onboard were astronauts Michael A. Baker, mission commander; Terrence W. Wilcutt, pilot; Thomas D. Jones, payload commander; and Daniel W. Bursch, Peter J. K. (Jeff) Wisoff and Steven L. Smith, all mission specialists.

  6. Determination of Base Binding Strength and Base Stacking Interaction of DNA Duplex Using Atomic Force Microscope

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Tian-biao; Zhang, Chang-lin; Dong, Zai-li; Guan, Yi-fu

    2015-01-01

    As one of the most crucial properties of DNA, the structural stability and the mechanical strength are attracting a great attention. Here, we take advantage of high force resolution and high special resolution of Atom Force Microscope and investigate the mechanical force of DNA duplexes. To evaluate the base pair hydrogen bond strength and base stacking force in DNA strands, we designed two modes (unzipping and stretching) for the measurement rupture forces. Employing k-means clustering algorithm, the ruptured force are clustered and the mean values are estimated. We assessed the influence of experimental parameters and performed the force evaluation for DNA duplexes of pure dG/dC and dA/dT base pairs. The base binding strength of single dG/dC and single dA/dT were estimated to be 20.0 ± 0.2 pN and 14.0 ± 0.3 pN, respectively, and the base stacking interaction was estimated to be 2.0 ± 0.1 pN. Our results provide valuable information about the quantitative evaluation of the mechanical properties of the DNA duplexes. PMID:25772017

  7. Determination of base binding strength and base stacking interaction of DNA duplex using atomic force microscope.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Tian-biao; Zhang, Chang-lin; Dong, Zai-li; Guan, Yi-fu

    2015-03-16

    As one of the most crucial properties of DNA, the structural stability and the mechanical strength are attracting a great attention. Here, we take advantage of high force resolution and high special resolution of Atom Force Microscope and investigate the mechanical force of DNA duplexes. To evaluate the base pair hydrogen bond strength and base stacking force in DNA strands, we designed two modes (unzipping and stretching) for the measurement rupture forces. Employing k-means clustering algorithm, the ruptured force are clustered and the mean values are estimated. We assessed the influence of experimental parameters and performed the force evaluation for DNA duplexes of pure dG/dC and dA/dT base pairs. The base binding strength of single dG/dC and single dA/dT were estimated to be 20.0 ± 0.2 pN and 14.0 ± 0.3 pN, respectively, and the base stacking interaction was estimated to be 2.0 ± 0.1 pN. Our results provide valuable information about the quantitative evaluation of the mechanical properties of the DNA duplexes.

  8. Atomic force microscopy-based characterization and design of biointerfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alsteens, David; Gaub, Hermann E.; Newton, Richard; Pfreundschuh, Moritz; Gerber, Christoph; Müller, Daniel J.

    2017-03-01

    Atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based methods have matured into a powerful nanoscopic platform, enabling the characterization of a wide range of biological and synthetic biointerfaces ranging from tissues, cells, membranes, proteins, nucleic acids and functional materials. Although the unprecedented signal-to-noise ratio of AFM enables the imaging of biological interfaces from the cellular to the molecular scale, AFM-based force spectroscopy allows their mechanical, chemical, conductive or electrostatic, and biological properties to be probed. The combination of AFM-based imaging and spectroscopy structurally maps these properties and allows their 3D manipulation with molecular precision. In this Review, we survey basic and advanced AFM-related approaches and evaluate their unique advantages and limitations in imaging, sensing, parameterizing and designing biointerfaces. It is anticipated that in the next decade these AFM-related techniques will have a profound influence on the way researchers view, characterize and construct biointerfaces, thereby helping to solve and address fundamental challenges that cannot be addressed with other techniques.

  9. The effects of a Web-based physics software program on students' achievement and misconceptions in force and motion concepts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demirci, Neset

    The main goal of this study was to investigate the effects of a web-based physics software program on students' achievement and misconceptions in force and motion concepts. During the fall of 1999, a total 125 students (54.4% female and 45.6% male) from two public high schools in Brevard County, Florida, were selected by a sample of convenience to participate in this quasi-experimental study. The MANCOVA analysis yielded a significant interaction for pretest (covariate = priory physics knowledge) and gender for each dependent variable (Y 1 = Achievement, and Y2 = Misconception). Thus, the test for homogeneity of regression failed rendering an invalid MANCOVA model. As a result, separate ATI's were performed for each dependent variable. ATI interaction between pretest and gender relative to achievement and misconception was significant. Of the six initial hypotheses, only hypothesis 2, which examined differences in-group misconception scores, was rejected. Specifically, group membership contributed 12.6% additional knowledge of posttest misconception score variability, which was statistically significant (F1,9 = 20.03, p < .05). Based on this result, it can be concluded that incorporating the web-based physics program with traditional lecturing did have a significant effect on dispelling students' physics misconceptions about force and motion concepts. Thus, only the test for this hypothesis and the two interactions, which were not initially considered as research hypotheses, were significant. All other tests of hypotheses were not statistically significant and hence were not rejected.

  10. 33 CFR 334.600 - TRIDENT Basin adjacent to Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. 334.600 Section 334... Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. (a) The danger zone. From the west side of... the Commanding Officer, Naval Ordnance Test Unit, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, or such agencies...

  11. 33 CFR 334.600 - TRIDENT Basin adjacent to Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. 334.600 Section 334... Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. (a) The danger zone. From the west side of... the Commanding Officer, Naval Ordnance Test Unit, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, or such agencies he...

  12. 33 CFR 334.600 - TRIDENT Basin adjacent to Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. 334.600 Section 334... Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. (a) The danger zone. From the west side of... the Commanding Officer, Naval Ordnance Test Unit, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, or such agencies he...

  13. 33 CFR 334.600 - TRIDENT Basin adjacent to Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. 334.600 Section 334... Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. (a) The danger zone. From the west side of... the Commanding Officer, Naval Ordnance Test Unit, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, or such agencies he...

  14. 33 CFR 334.600 - TRIDENT Basin adjacent to Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Canaveral Harbor at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. 334.600 Section 334... Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Fla.; danger zone. (a) The danger zone. From the west side of... the Commanding Officer, Naval Ordnance Test Unit, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, or such agencies he...

  15. Environmental Assessment for Air Force Research Laboratory Space Vehicles Integrated Experiments Division Office Space at Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY SPACE VEHICLES INTEGRATED EXPERMENTS DIVISION OFFICE SPACE AT KIRTLAND AIR FORCE ... Kirtland Air Force Base (KAFB). The office building would house the Air Force Research Laboratory Space Vehicles Integrated Experiments Division...ADDRESS(ES) Air Force Research Laboratory ,Space Vehicles Directorate,3550 Aberdeen Ave. SE, Kirtland

  16. Eielson Air Force Base OU-1 baseline risk assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Jarvis, M.T.; Jarvis, T.T.; Van Houten, N.C.; Lewis, R.E.

    1993-09-01

    This Baseline Risk Assessment report is the second volume in a set of three volumes for operable Unit 1 (OU-1). The companion documents contain the Remedial Investigation and the Feasibility Study. Operable Unit 1 (OU-1) is one of several groups of hazardous waste sites located at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) near Fairbanks, Alaska. The operable units at Eielson are typically characterized by petroleum, oil, lubricant/solvent contamination, and by the presence of organics floating at the water table. In 1989 and 1990, firms under contract to the Air Force conducted field studies to gather information about the extent of chemical contamination in soil, groundwater, and soil air pore space (soil gas) at the site. This report documents the results of a baseline risk assessment, which uses the 1989 and 1991 site characterization database to quantify the potential human health risk associated with past Base industrial activities in the vicinity of OU-1. Background data collected in 1992 were also used in the preparation of this report.

  17. Ground-water contamination at Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Michigan

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stark, J.R.; Cummings, T.R.; Twenter, F.R.

    1983-01-01

    A sand and gravel aquifer of glacial origin underlies Wurtsmith Air Force Base in northeastern lower Michigan. The aquifer overlies a thick clay layer at an average depth of 65 feet. The water table is about 10 feet below land surface in the western part of the Base and about 25 feet below land surface in the eastern part. A ground-water divide cuts diagonally across the Base from northwest to southeast. South of the divide, ground water flows to the Au Sable River; north of the divide, it flows to Van Etten Creek and Van Etten Lake. Mathematical models were used to aid in calculating rates of groundwater flow. Rates range from about 0.8 feet per day in the eastern part of the Base to about 0.3 feet per day in the western part. Models also were used as an aid in making decisions regarding purging of contaminated water from the aquifer. In 1977, trichloroethylene was detected in the Air Force Base water-supply system. It had leaked from a buried storage tank near Building 43 in the southeastern part of the Base and moved northeastward under the influence of the natural ground-water gradient and the pumping of Base water-supply wells. In the most highly contaminated part of the plume, concentrations are greater than 1,000 micrograms per liter. Current purge pumping is removing some of the trichloroethylene, and seems to have arrested its eastward movement. Pumping of additional purge wells could increase the rate of removal. Trichloroethylene has also been detected in ground water in the vicinity of the Base alert apron, where a plume from an unknown source extends northeastward off Base. A smaller, less well-defined area of contamination also occurs just north of the larger plume. Trichloroethylene, identified near the waste-treatment plant, seepage lagoons, and the northern landfill area, is related to activities and operations in these areas. Dichloroethylene and trichloroethylene occur in significant quantities westward of Building 43, upgradient from the major

  18. Capaciflector-based virtual force control and centering

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, Charles C.

    1993-01-01

    This report presents a novel concept of force control, called virtual force control. The virtual force concept avoids sudden step transition of position control to contact force control resulting in contact force disturbance when a robot end-effector makes contact with the environment. A virtual force/position control scheme consists of two loops: the force control loop and the position control loop. While the position control loop regulates the free motion, the force control loop regulates the contact force after making contact with the environment and the virtual force measured by a range sensor called capaciflector in the virtual environment. After presenting the concept of virtual force control, the report introduces a centering scheme in which the virtual force controller is employed to measure three points on a cone so that its center can be located. Experimental results of a one-degree-of-freedom virtual force control scheme applied in berthing an orbital replaceable unit are reported and compared with those of conventional pure contact force control cases.

  19. Final Environmental Assessment of Construction of Emerald Coast Technology and Research Campus at the University of Florida Reserarch Engineering Education Facility at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    Highly Hazardous Chemicals; Occupational Safety and Health Standards, Chemical Safety; Hazardous Communication; and Fire Prevention. Approvals An...being replaced by sand pine and turkey oak due to the absence of fire . There is also a decreasing abundance of longleaf pine in the understory and...and perforate lichen (Cladonia perforate) (EAFB 2002). There are 64 state-listed species found on Eglin AFB. Currently, 51 of these that are plants

  20. MEMS-Based Flexible Force Sensor for Tri-Axial Catheter Contact Force Measurement.

    PubMed

    Pandya, Hardik J; Sheng, Jun; Desai, Jaydev P

    2017-02-01

    Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a significant healthcare problem caused by the uneven and rapid discharge of electrical signals from pulmonary veins (PVs). The technique of radiofrequency (RF) ablation can block these abnormal electrical signals by ablating myocardial sleeves inside PVs. Catheter contact force measurement during RF ablation can reduce the rate of AFib recurrence, since it helps to determine effective contact of the catheter with the tissue, thereby resulting in effective power delivery for ablation. This paper presents the development of a three-dimensional (3D) force sensor to provide the real-time measurement of tri-axial catheter contact force. The 3D force sensor consists of a plastic cubic bead and five flexible force sensors. Each flexible force sensor was made of a PEDOT:PSS strain gauge and a PDMS bump on a flexible PDMS substrate. Calibration results show that the fabricated sensor has a linear response in the force range required for RF ablation. To evaluate its working performance, the fabricated sensor was pressed against gelatin tissue by a micromanipulator and also integrated on a catheter tip to test it within deionized water flow. Both experiments simulated the ventricular environment and proved the validity of applying the 3D force sensor in RF ablation.

  1. Feedback Control of Floor Reaction Force Based on Force-Reflecting-Type Multilateral Control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagase, Kazuki; Katsura, Seiichiro

    Real-world haptics is being studied not only for improving feedback on real-world haptic information in teleoperation but also for developing key technologies for future human support. For the remote operating of systems at distant places, haptic information is required in addition to visual information. The haptic information around a work environment can be the floor reaction force, which can be obtained using a movement-type haptic device. The floor reaction force from the environment that the mobile haptic device touches is fed back accurately to the operator. First, this paper proposes a general force-reflecting-type multilateral control. Second, this paper extends the control to feedback control of the floor reaction force by using force-reflecting-type multilateral control and a novel haptic device employing a biped robot with a slave system. The position response of a master system is transformed to a leg tip position command for the biped-type haptic device. In addition, the floor reaction force determined by the biped-type haptic device is fed back to the master system. The proposed method can determine the force feedback to the sole of the foot, which is not possible with a conventional stationary system. As a result, the floor reaction force from a large area can be obtained, and the operability of the control system is improved by using the proposed system.

  2. DEMONSTRATION OF IN SITU DEHALOGENATION OF DNAPL THROUGH INJECTION OF EMULSIFIED ZERO-VALIENT IRON AT LAUNCH COMPLEX 34 IN CAPE CANAVERAL AIR FORCE STATION, FLORIDA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of this project was to evaluate the technical and cost performance of emulsified zero-valent iron (EZVI) technology when applied to DNAPL contaminants in the saturated zone. This demonstration was conducted at Launch Complex 34, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL, w...

  3. DEMONSTRATION OF IN SITU DEHALOGENATION OF DNAPL THROUGH INJECTION OF EMULSIFIED ZERO-VALIENT IRON AT LAUNCH COMPLEX 34 IN CAPE CANAVERAL AIR FORCE STATION, FLORIDA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of this project was to evaluate the technical and cost performance of emulsified zero-valent iron (EZVI) technology when applied to DNAPL contaminants in the saturated zone. This demonstration was conducted at Launch Complex 34, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL, w...

  4. Environmental Assessment (EA): Proposed Software Facilities, Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-19

    FA8201-09-D-0006 Klein, Randal Johnson, Sam Streamline Consulting, LLC 1713 N. Sweetwater Lane Farmington, Utah 84025 Hill Air Force Base 7274... Air Force Base (AFB) proposes to provide adequate facilities for software development, maintenance, and integration on Hill Air Force Base (AFB) and

  5. A novel reciprocating micropump based on Lorentz force

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salari, Alinaghi; Hakimsima, Abbas; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad

    2015-03-01

    Lorentz force is the pumping basis of many electromagnetic micropumps used in lab-on-a-chip. In this paper a novel reciprocating single-chamber micropump is proposed, in which the actuation technique is based on Lorentz force acting on an array of microwires attached on a membrane surface. An alternating current is applied through the microwires in the presence of a magnetic field. The resultant force causes the membrane to oscillate and pushes the fluid to flow through microchannel using a ball-valve. The pump chamber (3 mm depth) was fabricated on a Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) substrate using laser engraving technique. The chamber was covered by a 60 μm thick hyper-elastic latex rubber diaphragm. Two miniature permanent magnets capable of providing magnetic field of 0.09 T at the center of the diaphragm were mounted on each side of the chamber. Square wave electric current with low-frequencies was generated using a function generator. Cylindrical copper microwires (250 μm diameter and 5 mm length) were attached side-by-side on top surface of the diaphragm. Thin loosely attached wires were used as connectors to energize the electrodes. Due to large displacement length of the diaphragm (~3 mm) a high efficiency (~90%) ball valve (2 mm diameter stainless steel ball in a tapered tubing structure) was used in the pump outlet. The micropump exhibits a flow rate as high as 490 μl/s and pressure up to 1.5 kPa showing that the pump is categorized among high-flow-rate mechanical micropumps.

  6. Florida Keys

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The Florida Keys are a chain of islands, islets and reefs extending from Virginia Key to the Dry Tortugas for about 309 kilometers (192 miles). The keys are chiefly limestone and coral formations. The larger islands of the group are Key West (with its airport), Key Largo, Sugarloaf Key, and Boca Chica Key. A causeway extends from the mainland to Key West.

    This image was acquired on October 28, 2001, by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER images Earth to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

    ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products.

    The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring of dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

    Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, a long- term research effort to understand and protect our home planet. Through the study of Earth, NASA will help to provide sound science to policy and economic

  7. Florida Keys

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The Florida Keys are a chain of islands, islets and reefs extending from Virginia Key to the Dry Tortugas for about 309 kilometers (192 miles). The keys are chiefly limestone and coral formations. The larger islands of the group are Key West (with its airport), Key Largo, Sugarloaf Key, and Boca Chica Key. A causeway extends from the mainland to Key West.

    This image was acquired on October 28, 2001, by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER images Earth to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

    ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products.

    The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring of dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

    Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, a long- term research effort to understand and protect our home planet. Through the study of Earth, NASA will help to provide sound science to policy and economic

  8. The Benefits of Florida's Test-Based Promotion System. Civic Report. No. 68

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, Marcus A.

    2012-01-01

    State and municipal policymakers are increasingly addressing the practice of social promotion in schools--moving children along to the next grade whether or not they have mastered the curriculum--by mandating test-based grade promotion. This paper draws conclusions about the effects of a policy limiting social promotion. To do so, it employs a…

  9. Force measurement-based discontinuity detection during friction stir welding

    DOE PAGES

    Shrivastava, Amber; Zinn, Michael; Duffie, Neil A.; ...

    2017-02-23

    Here, the objective of this work is to develop a method for detecting the creation of discontinuities (i.e., voids, volume defects) during friction stir welding. Friction stir welding is inherently cost effective, however, the need for significant weld inspection can make the process cost prohibitive. A new approach to weld inspection is required in which an in situ characterization of weld quality can be obtained, reducing the need for postprocess inspection. To this end, friction stir welds with subsurface voids and without voids were created. The subsurface voids were generated by reducing the friction stir tool rotation frequency and increasingmore » the tool traverse speed in order to create “colder” welds. Process forces were measured during welding, and the void sizes were measured postprocess by computerized tomography (i.e., 3D X-ray imaging). Two parameters, based on frequency domain content and time-domain average of the force signals, were found to be correlated with void size. Criteria for subsurface void detection and size prediction were developed and shown to be in good agreement with experimental observations. Furthermore, with the proper choice of data acquisition system and frequency analyzer the occurrence of subsurface voids can be detected in real time.« less

  10. Water Resources Investigations at Edwards Air Force Base since 1988

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sneed, Michelle; Nishikawa, Tracy; Martin, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB) in southern California (fig. 1) has relied on ground water to meet its water-supply needs. The extraction of ground water has led to two major problems that can directly affect the mission of EAFB: declining water levels (more than 120 ft since the 1920s) and land subsidence, a gradual downward movement of the land surface (more than 4 ft since the late 1920s). As water levels decline, this valuable resource becomes depleted, thus requiring mitigating measures. Land subsidence has caused cracked (fissured) runways and accelerated erosion on Rogers lakebed. In 1988, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force, began investigations of the effects of declining water levels and land subsidence at EAFB and possible mitigation measures, such as the injection of imported surface water into the ground-water system. The cooperative investigations included data collection and analyses, numerical simulations of ground-water flow and land subsidence, and development of a preliminary simulation-optimization model. The results of these investigations indicate that the injection of imported water may help to control land subsidence; however, the potential ground-water-quality impacts are unknown.

  11. Mangos of Florida, country contribution: Florida

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The book chapter presents a review of the historical importance of mango in Florida; geographical distribution of mangos in Florida; statistical data including total and seasonal production, main cultivars and their descriptors; cultural practices (i.e. propagation, fertilization, pruning); pests an...

  12. Final Environmental Assessment for San Andres Water Line, Holloman Air Force Base, Otero County, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-16

    FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT SAN ANDRES PIPELINE REPAIR HOLLOMAN AIR FORCE BASE OTERO COUNTY, NEW MEXICO U.S. Air Force 49th Fighter Wing...Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico April 16, 2007 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection...Final Environmental Assessment for San Andres Water Line, Holloman Air Force Base, Otero County, New Mexico 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c

  13. Final Environmental Assessment for the Deactivation and Turnover of Titan Space Launch Vehicle Capability at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-01

    Management, Section 7.1.2. Although not anticipated, removal of scrub jay habitat would require compensation at a rate of 4:1 (four acres restored for...bladderwort (Utricularia spp.), common arrowhead (Sagittaria lancifolia), common cattail (Typha latifolia), common duckweed (Lemna minor), Curtis’ Reedgrass...space launch activities (in combination with nearby PAFB) stimulated economic growth in this region. This dominant economic force generates well over

  14. Florida Information Resource Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Francis C.

    1986-01-01

    The Florida Information Resource Network (FIRN) is an effort by the Florida education community and the Florida Legislature to provide an electronic link among all agencies, institutions, and schools in the public education system. The communications link, perhaps one of the most advanced in the nation, has three purposes: (1) to provide equal…

  15. Relighting demonstration project Robins Air Force Base, Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Larson, L.L.; Purcell, C.W.; McKay, H.; Harris, L.

    1994-09-01

    Significant energy savings are available through relighting with modern, energy efficient systems. As a demonstration, a relighting project was recently completed at Robins Air Force Base, Warner-Robins, Georgia. The project was designed to overcome a reluctance to pursue large scale relighting of the entire facility due to prior unfavorable experiences and an unusually large non-office working environment. The project followed contemporary lighting design practices, with the added dimension of involving building occupants in the process. Involving building occupants promoted their acceptance of the project and provided needed critical feedback. Their involvement helped secure their assistance in resolving special design concerns involving radio frequency interference and glare. Although often cited as simple, relighting projects are commonly confronted with problems. This document describes problems, foreseen and unforeseen, encountered by this relighting demonstration, and their solutions.

  16. Atomic force microscope based on vertical silicon probes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walter, Benjamin; Mairiaux, Estelle; Faucher, Marc

    2017-06-01

    A family of silicon micro-sensors for Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) is presented that allows to operate with integrated transducers from medium to high frequencies together with moderate stiffness constants. The sensors are based on Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems technology. The vertical design specifically enables a long tip to oscillate perpendicularly to the surface to be imaged. The tip is part of a resonator including quasi-flexural composite beams, and symmetrical transducers that can be used as piezoresistive detector and/or electro-thermal actuator. Two vertical probes (Vprobes) were operated up to 4.3 MHz with stiffness constants 150 N/m to 500 N/m and the capability to oscillate from 10 pm to 90 nm. AFM images of several samples both in amplitude modulation (tapping-mode) and in frequency modulation were obtained.

  17. High performance target measurement flights from Vandenberg Air Force Base

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chalfant, C. P.; Rosen, H.; Jerger, J. H.

    A description is presented of a new launch facility which is being prepared for the High Performance Target Measurement (HPTEM) booster at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB). A deactivated Atlas launch complex is currently being modified to allow the rocket to be launched from a semisilo. The underground launch operations building will contain a new control center and instrumentation room. Attention is given to the Multi-Spectral Measurement Program (MSMP), details concerning the launch facility, and a target and flight safety trajectory analysis. Construction and modification of the facility is scheduled to be completed in mid-1983. The first HPTEM launch is planned to occur in April 1984. The HPTEM launch facility can also be utilized to launch Aries I (single stage) and Aries II (two-stage) probes with minor modification.

  18. Tunable polarity of the Casimir force based on saturated ferrites

    SciTech Connect

    Zeng Ran; Yang Yaping

    2011-01-15

    We study the polarity of the Casimir force between two different parallel slabs separated by vacuum when the saturated ferrite materials under the influence of an external magnetic field are taken into consideration. Between the ordinary dielectric slab and the ferrite slab, repulsive Casimir force may be observed by adjusting the applied magnetic field. For the ferrite material, we consider the frequency dependence of the permeability modified by the external magnetic field to analyze the formation of the repulsive Casimir force. The restoring force, which means the transition of the force polarity from repulsion to attraction with the increasing slab separation, can also be obtained between two different ferrite slabs.

  19. Force feedback microscopy based on an optical beam deflection scheme

    SciTech Connect

    Vitorino, Miguel V.; Rodrigues, Mario S.; Carpentier, Simon; Costa, Luca

    2014-07-07

    Force feedback microscopy circumvents the jump to contact in atomic force microscopy when using soft cantilevers and quantitatively measures the interaction properties at the nanoscale by simultaneously providing force, force gradient, and dissipation. The force feedback microscope developed so far used an optical cavity to measure the tip displacement. In this Letter, we show that the more conventional optical beam deflection scheme can be used to the same purpose. With this instrument, we have followed the evolution of the Brownian motion of the tip under the influence of a water bridge.

  20. Hospitalizations and associated costs in a population-based study of children with Down syndrome born in Florida.

    PubMed

    Dawson, April L; Cassell, Cynthia H; Oster, Matthew E; Olney, Richard S; Tanner, Jean Paul; Kirby, Russell S; Correia, Jane; Grosse, Scott D

    2014-11-01

    Our objective was to examine differences in hospital resource usage for children with Down syndrome by age and the presence of other birth defects, particularly severe and nonsevere congenital heart defects (CHDs). This was a retrospective, population-based, statewide study of children with Down syndrome born 1998 to 2007, identified by the Florida Birth Defects Registry (FBDR) and linked to hospital discharge records for 1 to 10 years after birth. To evaluate hospital resource usage, descriptive statistics on number of hospitalized days and hospital costs were calculated. Results were stratified by isolated Down syndrome (no other coded major birth defect); presence of severe and nonsevere CHDs; and presence of major FBDR-eligible birth defects without CHDs. For 2552 children with Down syndrome, there were 6856 inpatient admissions, of which 68.9% occurred during the first year of life (infancy). Of the 2552 children, 31.7% (n = 808) had isolated Down syndrome, 24.0% (n = 612) had severe CHDs, 36.3% (n = 927) had nonsevere CHDs, and 8.0% (n = 205) had a major FBDR-eligible birth defect in the absence of CHD. Infants in all three nonisolated DS groups had significantly higher hospital costs compared with those with isolated Down syndrome. From infancy through age 4, children with severe CHDs had the highest inpatient costs compared with children in the other sub-groups. Results support findings that for children with Down syndrome the presence of other anomalies influences hospital use and costs, and children with severe CHDs have greater hospital resource usage than children with other CHDs or major birth defects without CHDs. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Hospitalizations and Associated Costs in a Population-Based Study of Children with Down Syndrome Born in Florida

    PubMed Central

    Dawson, April; Cassell, Cynthia H.; Oster, Matthew E.; Olney, Richard S.; Tanner, Jean Paul; Kirby, Russell S.; Correia, Jane; Grosse, Scott D.

    2015-01-01

    Background Our objective was to examine differences in hospital resource utilization for children with Down syndrome by age and the presence of other birth defects, particularly severe and non-severe congenital heart defects (CHDs). Methods This was a retrospective, population-based, statewide study of children with Down syndrome born 1998-2007, identified by the Florida Birth Defects Registry (FBDR) and linked to hospital discharge records for 1-10 years after birth. To evaluate hospital resource utilization, descriptive statistics on number of hospitalized days and hospital costs were calculated. Results were stratified by isolated Down syndrome (no other coded major birth defect); presence of severe and non-severe CHDs; and presence of major FBDR-eligible birth defects without CHDs. Results For 2,552 children with Down syndrome, there were 6,856 inpatient admissions, of which 68.9% occurred during the first year of life (infancy). Of the 2,552 children, 31.7% (n=808) had isolated Down syndrome, 24.0% (n=612) had severe CHDs, 36.3% (n=927) had non-severe CHDs, and 8.0% (n=205) had a major FBDR-eligible birth defect in the absence of CHD. Infants in all three non-isolated DS groups had significantly higher hospital costs compared to those with isolated Down syndrome. From infancy through age 4, children with severe CHDs had the highest inpatient costs compared to children in the other sub-groups. Conclusions Results support findings that for children with Down syndrome the presence of other anomalies influences hospital use and costs, and children with severe CHDs have greater hospital resource utilization than children with other CHDs or major birth defects without CHDs. PMID:25124730

  2. Molecular Identification Key for Cultivars and Lines of Cornus florida and C. kousa Based on Microsatellite Loci

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida L.) and kousa dogwood (C. kousa Hance.) are popular ornamental species commonly used in the horticultural industry. Both trees are valued for their beautiful floral display and four season appeal. Species specific microsatellite (SSRs: simple sequence repeats) loci ...

  3. Environmental Assessment for Implementation of the Updated Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan Homestead Air Reserve Base, Homestead, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    This is the American crocodile ( Crocody/us acutus), which is occasionally seen near the Twin Lakes area. On occasion, the federally listed wood...concern in Florida but federally listed as ’’threatened due to similarity of appearance" to the endangered American crocodile (Crocodylus actttus). While

  4. Genotyping single spore isolates of a Pasteuria penetrans population occurring in Florida using SNP-based markers

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The aim of this study was to examine genotypic variation and virulence characteristics of a population of bacterial parasite of root-knot nematode (RKN), Pasteuria penetrans, isolated from Florida. Six single spore lines (ssp), 16ssp, 17ssp, 18ssp, 25ssp, 26ssp, and 30ssp were generated by infecting...

  5. 33 CFR 334.740 - North Shore Choctawhatchee Bay, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... level as defined by the Department of Defense Force Protection Condition (FPCON) System. ..., Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. 334.740 Section 334.740 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS... Shore Choctawhatchee Bay, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The area. The restricted area shall encompass...

  6. 33 CFR 334.740 - North Shore Choctawhatchee Bay, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... level as defined by the Department of Defense Force Protection Condition (FPCON) System. ..., Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. 334.740 Section 334.740 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS... Shore Choctawhatchee Bay, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The area. The restricted area shall encompass...

  7. 33 CFR 334.740 - North Shore Choctawhatchee Bay, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... level as defined by the Department of Defense Force Protection Condition (FPCON) System. ..., Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. 334.740 Section 334.740 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS... Shore Choctawhatchee Bay, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The area. The restricted area shall encompass...

  8. 33 CFR 334.744 - Eglin Poquito Housing at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... level as defined by the Department of Defense Force Protection Condition (FPCON) System. ... Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334.744 Section 334.744 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS... REGULATIONS § 334.744 Eglin Poquito Housing at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a) The area. The...

  9. 33 CFR 334.744 - Eglin Poquito Housing at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... level as defined by the Department of Defense Force Protection Condition (FPCON) System. ... Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334.744 Section 334.744 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS... REGULATIONS § 334.744 Eglin Poquito Housing at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a) The area. The...

  10. 33 CFR 334.744 - Eglin Poquito Housing at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... level as defined by the Department of Defense Force Protection Condition (FPCON) System. ... Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334.744 Section 334.744 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS... REGULATIONS § 334.744 Eglin Poquito Housing at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (a) The area. The...

  11. Sitewide feasibility study Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    SciTech Connect

    Last, G.V.; Lanigan, D.C.; Josephson, G.B.; Bagaasen, L.M.

    1995-09-01

    The Sitewide Feasibility Study (FS) is required under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), the National Contingency Plan (NCP), and the Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) for Eielson Air Force Base (AFB). It is based on findings presented in the Sitewide Remedial Investigation (RI) Report (USAF 1995a), and the Sitewide Baseline Risk Assessment (BLRA) Report (USAF 1995b). Under the FFA, 64 potential source areas were placed in one of six operable units, based on similar contaminant and environmental characteristics, or were included for evaluation under a Source Evaluation Report (SER). The sitewide RI was directed at contamination that was not confined to an operable unit (OU) or SER source area. The objectives of the sitewide RI were to: Provide information about site characteristics to support individual OU RI/FS efforts and the sitewide RI/FS, including site hydrogeology and determination of background soil and groundwater characteristics; identify and characterize contamination that is not confined or attributable to a specific source area through sitewide monitoring of groundwater and surface water; evaluate cumulative risks to human health and the environment from contamination on a sitewide basis; and provide a mechanism for continued cohesive sitewide monitoring.

  12. Review of wildlife resources of Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Breininger, David R.

    1989-01-01

    Wildlife resources are reviewed for purposes of developing a Base Biological Monitoring Program (BMP) for Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) in Santa Barbara County, California. The review and recommendations were prepared by review of applicable scientific literature and environmental documents for VAFB, discussing information needs with natural resource management professionals at VAFB, and observations of base field conditions. This process found that there are 29 federally listed vertebrates (endangered, threatened, or Category 2) that occur or may occur in the vicinity of VAFB. There are also 63 other state listed or regionally declining species that may occur in the vicinity of VAFB. Habitats of VAFB represent a very valuable environmental resource for rare and declining wildlife in California. However, little information is available on VAFB wildlife resources other than lists of species that occur or are expected to occur. Recommendations are presented to initiate a long-term wildlife monitoring program at VAFB to provide information for environmental impact assessment and wise land use planning.

  13. Vegetation studies on Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmalzer, Paul A.; Hickson, Diana E.; Hinkle, C. Ross

    1988-01-01

    Vandenburg Air Force Base, located in coastal central California with an area of 98,400 ac, contains resources of considerable biological significance. Available information on the vegetation and flora of Vandenburg is summarized and new data collected in this project are presented. A bibliography of 621 references dealing with vegetation and related topics related to Vanderburg was compiled from computer and manual literature searches and a review of past studies of the base. A preliminary floristic list of 642 taxa representing 311 genera and 80 families was compiled from past studies and plants identified in the vegetation sampling conducted in this project. Fifty-two special interest plant species are known to occur or were suggested to occur. Vegetation was sampled using permanent plots and transects in all major plant communities including chaparral, Bishop pine forest, tanbark oak forest, annual grassland, oak woodland, coastal sage scrub, purple sage scrub, coastal dune scrub, coastal dunes, box elder riparian woodland, will riparian woodland, freshwater marsh, salt marsh, and seasonal wetlands. Comparison of the new vegetation data to the compostie San Diego State University data does not indicate major changes in most communities since the original study. Recommendations are made for additional studies needed to maintain and extend the environmental data base and for management actions to improve resource protection.

  14. History of wildland fires on Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hickson, Diana E.

    1988-01-01

    The fire history of the past 50 years for Vandenberg AFB, California was determined using aerial photography, field investigation, and historical and current written records. This constitutes a record of the vegetation age classes for the entire base. The location, cause, and fuel type for sixty fires from this time period were determined. The fires were mapped and entered into a geographic infomation system (GIS) for Vandenberg. Fire history maps derived from this GIS were printed at 1:9600 scale and are on deposit at the Vandenberg Environmental Task Force Office. Although some ecologically significant plant communities on Vandenberg are adapted to fire, no natural fire frequency could be determined, since only one fire possibly caused by lightning occurred in the area now within the base since 1937. Observations made during this study suggest that burning may encourage the invasion of exotic species into chaparral, in particular Burton Mesa or sandhill chaparral, an unusual and geographically limited form of chaparral found on the base.

  15. Evaluation of future base-flow water-quality conditions in the Hillsborough River, Florida

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fernandez, Mario; Goetz, C.L.; Miller, J.E.

    1984-01-01

    A one-dimensional, steady-state, water-quality model was developed for a 30.0 mile reach of the Hillsborough River to evaluate water-quality conditions to be expected from future development. The model was calibrated and verified using data collected under critical base-flow conditions in April and December 1978. Dissolved organic nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, and total and fecal coliforms were modeled for most of the study reach. Model results were used to evaluate the impacts of two typical housing developments on water-quality conditions in Tampa Reservoir. One development is located in the Cypress Creek basin and the other near the upper end of the study reach. Model results show development in the Hillsborough River basin may cause increased total and fecal coliform conditions. Simulated total coliforms at the Tampa water treatment plant for 1-, 3-, and 5-square-mile developments located in the Cypress Creek basin were 3,000, 5,400, and 8,300 colonies per 100 milliliters. Similar developments, however, located near the upper end of the study reach were 2,000, 3,600, and 5,100 colonies per 100 milliliters. Simulated fecal coliforms were 360, 700, and 100 and 180, 350, and 510 colonies per 100 milliliters, respectively. Other constituents modeled showed only minor increases in concentrations. (USGS)

  16. Lithology and base of the surficial aquifer system, Palm Beach County, Florida

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Miller, Wesley L.

    1987-01-01

    The surficial aquifer system is a major source of freshwater in Palm Beach County. In 1982, public supply withdrawals from the aquifer system totaled 33,543 million gallons, 77.5% of total public supply withdrawals. To evaluate the aquifer system and its geologic framework, a cooperative study with Palm Beach County was begun in 1982 by the U.S. Geological Survey. The surficial aquifer system in Palm Beach County is composed primarily of sand, sandstone, shell, silt, calcareous clay (marl), and limestone deposited during the Pleistocene and Pliocene epochs. In the western two-thirds of Palm Beach County, sediments in the aquifer system are poorly consolidated sand, shell, and sandy limestone. Owing to interspersed calcareous clays and silt and very poorly sorted materials, permeabilities in this zone of the aquifer system are relatively low. Two other zones of the aquifer system are found in the eastern one-third of the county where the sediments are appreciably more permeable than in the west due to better sorting and less silt and clay content. The location of more detailed lithologic logs for wells in these sections, along with data from nearby wells, allowed enhanced interpretation and depiction of the lithology which had previously been generalized. The most permeable zone of the aquifer system in this area is characterized by highly developed secondary porosity where infiltrating rainwater and solution by groundwater have removed calcitic-cementing materials from the sediments to produce interconnected cavities. Increased permeability in the aquifer system is generally coincident with the eastern boundary of the overlying organic soils and Lake Flirt Marl. Lithologic logs of wells in Palm Beach County indicate that sediments forming the aquifer system were deposited directly on the erosional surface of the Hawthorn Formation in some areas. In other locations in the county, lithologic logs indicate that the base of the aquifer system was formed by fluvial

  17. Water quality characterization in the Northern Florida everglades based on three different monitoring networks.

    PubMed

    Entry, James A

    2013-02-01

    The Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge) is affected by inflows containing elevated contaminant concentrations originating from agricultural and urban areas. Water quality was determined using three networks: the Northern Refuge (NRN), the Southern Refuge (SRN), and the Consent Decree (CDN) monitoring networks. Within these networks, the Refuge was divided into four zones: (1) the canal zone surrounding the marsh, (2) the perimeter zone (0 to 2.5 km into the marsh), (3) the transition zone (2.5 to 4.5 km into the marsh), and (4) the interior zone (>4.5 km into the marsh). In the NRN, alkalinity (ALK) and conductivity (SpC) and dissolved organic carbon, total organic carbon, total dissolved solids (TDS), Ca, Cl, Si, and SO(4) concentrations were greater in the perimeter zone than in the transition or interior zone. ALK, SpC, and SO(4) concentrations were greater in the transition than in the interior zone. ALK, SpC, and TDS values, Ca, SO(4), and Cl had negative curvilinear relationships with distance from the canal toward the Refuge interior (r(2) = 0.78, 0.67, 0.61, 0.77, 0.62, and 0.57, respectively). ALK, TB and SpC, and Ca and SO(4) concentrations decreased in the canal and perimeter zones from 2005 to 2009. Important water quality assessments using the SRN and CDN cannot be made due to the sparseness and location of sampling sites in these networks. The number and placement monitoring sites in the Refuge requires optimization based on flow pattern, distance from contaminant source, and water volume to determine the effect of canal water intrusion on water quality.

  18. Computerized Integrated Inventory Control for an Air Force Base-Level Supply System.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    Monterey, California 93940 5. Major Angelo C. Molato 1 Philippine Air Force (Student) No. 62 Medicion I Imus, Cavite Philippines 6. Air Force Computer Center 1 HPAF, Nichols Air Base Pasay City Philippines 136

  19. Force-Based Reasoning for Assembly Planning and Subassembly Stability Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, S.; Yi, C.; Wang, F-C.

    1993-01-01

    In this paper, we show that force-based reasoning, for identifying a cluster of parts that can be decomposed naturally by the applied force, plays an important role in selecting feasible subassemblies and analyzing subassembly stability in assembly planning.

  20. Molecular force spectroscopy with a DNA origami-based nanoscopic force clamp.

    PubMed

    Nickels, Philipp C; Wünsch, Bettina; Holzmeister, Phil; Bae, Wooli; Kneer, Luisa M; Grohmann, Dina; Tinnefeld, Philip; Liedl, Tim

    2016-10-21

    Forces in biological systems are typically investigated at the single-molecule level with atomic force microscopy or optical and magnetic tweezers, but these techniques suffer from limited data throughput and their requirement for a physical connection to the macroscopic world. We introduce a self-assembled nanoscopic force clamp built from DNA that operates autonomously and allows massive parallelization. Single-stranded DNA sections of an origami structure acted as entropic springs and exerted controlled tension in the low piconewton range on a molecular system, whose conformational transitions were monitored by single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer. We used the conformer switching of a Holliday junction as a benchmark and studied the TATA-binding protein-induced bending of a DNA duplex under tension. The observed suppression of bending above 10 piconewtons provides further evidence of mechanosensitivity in gene regulation.

  1. Groundwater flow beneath a hypersaline pond, Cluett Key, Florida Bay, Florida

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Juster, Thomas; Kramer, P. A.; Vacher, H. L.; Swart, P. K.; Stewart, M.

    1997-10-01

    Florida Bay carbonate mud islands are known to be sites of Holocene diagenesis, including dolomitization, and the hydrology is an essential component of this process. On Cluett Key, a typical mud island in western Florida Bay, groundwater salinities range to 145‰ beneath a shallow ephemeral pond which occupies 70% of the island. A sharp hydrostratigraphic boundary separates low-permeability unconsolidated carbonate mud from underlying highly permeable Pleistocene limestone. We report the results of a 2 year project aimed at determining the rates, patterns, and driving force of groundwater flow beneath the island. Water level measurements are used to demonstrate the presence of a large hydraulic head drive caused by the difference in elevations of the pond and Florida Bay, and enhanced by the higher density of groundwaters in the carbonate mud compared with groundwater in the limestone. The hydraulic head drive is essentially vertical because Florida Bay water levels are transmitted with little attenuation to the limestone underlying the island. Distributions of groundwater density and pore pressures are consistent with vertical groundwater flow. Based on an estimated vertical hydraulic conductivity of approximately 5×10 -3 m day -1, vertical interstitial velocities are on the order of 25 cm year -1 with a residence time in the carbonate mud of approximately 15 years. This velocity is very similar to that calculated independently from tritium concentrations in pore waters. Both horizontal and vertical density gradients exist in the carbonate mud. These density variations induce circulations owing to vorticity and may lead to the formation of instability plumes (reflux), but dynamical scaling suggests that these motions are much slower than those induced by the dominant hydraulic drive. Buoyancy effects may, however, be dominant on other lower islands in Florida Bay where the hydraulic head drive is much smaller than on Cluett Key. Diffusion may blur sharp

  2. Magnetoelectric force microscopy based on magnetic force microscopy with modulated electric field.

    PubMed

    Geng, Yanan; Wu, Weida

    2014-05-01

    We present the realization of a mesoscopic imaging technique, namely, the Magnetoelectric Force Microscopy (MeFM), for visualization of local magnetoelectric effect. The basic principle of MeFM is the lock-in detection of local magnetoelectric response, i.e., the electric field-induced magnetization, using magnetic force microscopy. We demonstrate MeFM capability by visualizing magnetoelectric domains on single crystals of multiferroic hexagonal manganites. Results of several control experiments exclude artifacts or extrinsic origins of the MeFM signal. The parameters are tuned to optimize the signal to noise ratio.

  3. Determination of electrostatic force and its characteristics based on phase difference by amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Kesheng; Cheng, Jia; Yao, Shiji; Lu, Yijia; Ji, Linhong; Xu, Dengfeng

    2016-12-01

    Electrostatic force measurement at the micro/nano scale is of great significance in science and engineering. In this paper, a reasonable way of applying voltage is put forward by taking an electrostatic chuck in a real integrated circuit manufacturing process as a sample, applying voltage in the probe and the sample electrode, respectively, and comparing the measurement effect of the probe oscillation phase difference by amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy. Based on the phase difference obtained from the experiment, the quantitative dependence of the absolute magnitude of the electrostatic force on the tip-sample distance and applied voltage is established by means of theoretical analysis and numerical simulation. The results show that the varying characteristics of the electrostatic force with the distance and voltage at the micro/nano scale are similar to those at the macroscopic scale. Electrostatic force gradually decays with increasing distance. Electrostatic force is basically proportional to the square of applied voltage. Meanwhile, the applicable conditions of the above laws are discussed. In addition, a comparison of the results in this paper with the results of the energy dissipation method shows the two are consistent in general. The error decreases with increasing distance, and the effect of voltage on the error is small.

  4. Statistical Short-Range Guidance for Peak Wind Speed Forecasts at Edwards Air Force Base, CA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dreher, Joseph; Crawford, Winifred; Lafosse, Richard; Hoeth, Brian; Burns, Kerry

    2008-01-01

    The peak winds near the surface are an important forecast element for Space Shuttle landings. As defined in the Shuttle Flight Rules (FRs), there are peak wind thresholds that cannot be exceeded in order to ensure the safety of the shuttle during landing operations. The National Weather Service Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG) is responsible for weather forecasts for all shuttle landings. They indicate peak winds are a challenging parameter to forecast. To alleviate the difficulty in making such wind forecasts, the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMTJ) developed a personal computer based graphical user interface (GUI) for displaying peak wind climatology and probabilities of exceeding peak-wind thresholds for the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) at Kennedy Space Center. However, the shuttle must land at Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB) in southern California when weather conditions at Kennedy Space Center in Florida are not acceptable, so SMG forecasters requested that a similar tool be developed for EAFB. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) personnel archived and performed quality control of 2-minute average and 10-minute peak wind speeds at each tower adjacent to the main runway at EAFB from 1997- 2004. They calculated wind climatologies and probabilities of average peak wind occurrence based on the average speed. The climatologies were calculated for each tower and month, and were stratified by hour, direction, and direction/hour. For the probabilities of peak wind occurrence, MSFC calculated empirical and modeled probabilities of meeting or exceeding specific 10-minute peak wind speeds using probability density functions. The AMU obtained and reformatted the data into Microsoft Excel PivotTables, which allows users to display different values with point-click-drag techniques. The GUT was then created from the PivotTables using Visual Basic for Applications code. The GUI is run through a macro within Microsoft Excel and allows forecasters to quickly display and

  5. Drought of 1998-2002: impacts on Florida's hydrology and landscape

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Verdi, Richard Jay; Tomlinson, Stewart A.; Marella, Richard L.

    2006-01-01

    Lower than normal precipitation caused a severe statewide drought in Florida from 1998 to 2002. Based on precipitation and streamflow records dating to the early 1900s, the drought was one of the worst ever to affect the State. In terms of severity, this drought was comparable to the drought of 1949-1957 in duration and had record-setting low flows in several basins. The drought was particularly severe over the 5-year period in the northwest, northeast, and southwest regions of Florida, where rainfall deficits ranged from 9-10 in. below normal (southwest Florida) to 38-40 in. below normal (northwest Florida). Within these regions, the drought caused record-low streamflows in several river basins, increased freshwater withdrawals, and created hazardous conditions ripe for wildfires, sinkhole development, and even the draining of lakes. South Florida was affected primarily in 2001, when the region experienced below-average streamflow conditions; however, cumulative rainfall in south Florida never fell below the 30-year normal. The four regions of Florida, as referred to throughout this report, are defined based upon U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) data collection regions in Florida. Record-low flows were reported at several streamflow-gaging stations throughout the State, including the Withlacoochee River at Trilby, which reached zero flow on June 10-11, 2000, for the first time during the period of record (1928-2004). Streamflow conditions varied across the State from 31 percent of average flow in 2000 in southwest Florida, to 100 percent of average in 1999 in south Florida. Low-flow recurrence intervals during the drought ranged from less than 2 years at three locations to greater than 50 years at many locations. During the 1998-2002 drought, ground-water levels at many wells across the State declined to elevations not seen in many years. At some wells, ground-water levels reached record lows for their period of record. Florida Water Management Districts responded by

  6. 33 CFR 165.705 - Port Canaveral Harbor, Cape Canaveral, Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Canaveral, Florida. 165.705 Section 165.705 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....705 Port Canaveral Harbor, Cape Canaveral, Florida. (a) Security Zone A—East (Trident) Basin, Port Canaveral Harbor, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Florida. All waters of the East Basin...

  7. 33 CFR 165.705 - Port Canaveral Harbor, Cape Canaveral, Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Canaveral, Florida. 165.705 Section 165.705 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....705 Port Canaveral Harbor, Cape Canaveral, Florida. (a) Security Zone A—East (Trident) Basin, Port Canaveral Harbor, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Florida. All waters of the East Basin...

  8. 33 CFR 165.705 - Port Canaveral Harbor, Cape Canaveral, Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Canaveral, Florida. 165.705 Section 165.705 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....705 Port Canaveral Harbor, Cape Canaveral, Florida. (a) Security Zone A—East (Trident) Basin, Port Canaveral Harbor, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Florida. All waters of the East Basin...

  9. 33 CFR 165.705 - Port Canaveral Harbor, Cape Canaveral, Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Canaveral, Florida. 165.705 Section 165.705 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....705 Port Canaveral Harbor, Cape Canaveral, Florida. (a) Security Zone A—East (Trident) Basin, Port Canaveral Harbor, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Florida. All waters of the East Basin...

  10. Comparison of force sensors for atomic force microscopy based on quartz tuning forks and length-extensional resonators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giessibl, Franz J.; Pielmeier, Florian; Eguchi, Toyoaki; An, Toshu; Hasegawa, Yukio

    2011-09-01

    The force sensor is key to the performance of atomic force microscopy (AFM). Nowadays, most atomic force microscopes use micromachined force sensors made from silicon, but piezoelectric quartz sensors are being applied at an increasing rate, mainly in vacuum. These self-sensing force sensors allow a relatively easy upgrade of a scanning tunneling microscope to a combined scanning tunneling/atomic force microscope. Two fundamentally different types of quartz sensors have achieved atomic resolution: the “needle sensor,” which is based on a length-extensional resonator, and the “qPlus sensor,” which is based on a tuning fork. Here, we calculate and measure the noise characteristics of these sensors. We find four noise sources: deflection detector noise, thermal noise, oscillator noise, and thermal drift noise. We calculate the effect of these noise sources as a factor of sensor stiffness, bandwidth, and oscillation amplitude. We find that for self-sensing quartz sensors, the deflection detector noise is independent of sensor stiffness, while the remaining three noise sources increase strongly with sensor stiffness. Deflection detector noise increases with bandwidth to the power of 1.5, while thermal noise and oscillator noise are proportional to the square root of the bandwidth. Thermal drift noise, however, is inversely proportional to bandwidth. The first three noise sources are inversely proportional to amplitude while thermal drift noise is independent of the amplitude. Thus, we show that the earlier finding that quoted an optimal signal-to-noise ratio for oscillation amplitudes similar to the range of the forces is still correct when considering all four frequency noise contributions. Finally, we suggest how the signal-to-noise ratio of the sensors can be improved further, we briefly discuss the challenges of mounting tips, and we compare the noise performance of self-sensing quartz sensors and optically detected Si cantilevers.

  11. Future Expansion of the Lightning Surveillance System at the Kennedy Space Center and the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, USA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mata, C. T.; Wilson, J. G.

    2012-01-01

    The NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the Air Force Eastern Range (ER) use data from two cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning detection networks, the Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Surveillance System (CGLSS) and the U.S. National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN), and a volumetric mapping array, the lightning detection and ranging II (LDAR II) system: These systems are used to monitor and characterize lightning that is potentially hazardous to launch or ground operations and hardware. These systems are not perfect and both have documented missed lightning events when compared to the existing lightning surveillance system at Launch Complex 39B (LC39B). Because of this finding it is NASA's plan to install a lightning surveillance system around each of the active launch pads sharing site locations and triggering capabilities when possible. This paper shows how the existing lightning surveillance system at LC39B has performed in 2011 as well as the plan for the expansion around all active pads.

  12. Assessment of laparoscopic skills based on force and motion parameters.

    PubMed

    Horeman, Tim; Dankelman, Jenny; Jansen, Frank Willem; van den Dobbelsteen, John J

    2014-03-01

    Box trainers equipped with sensors may help in acquiring objective information about a trainee's performance while performing training tasks with real instruments. The main aim of this study is to investigate the added value of force parameters with respect to commonly used motion and time parameters such as path length, motion volume, and task time. Two new dynamic bimanual positioning tasks were developed that not only requiring adequate motion control but also appropriate force control successful completion. Force and motion data for these tasks were studied for three groups of participants with different experience levels in laparoscopy (i.e., 11 novices, 19 intermediates, and 12 experts). In total, 10 of the 13 parameters showed a significant difference between groups. When the data from the significant motion, time, and force parameters are used for classification, it is possible to identify the skills level of the participants with 100% accuracy. Furthermore, the force parameters of many individuals in the intermediate group exceeded the maximum values in the novice and expert group. The relatively high forces used by the intermediates argue for the inclusion of training and assessment of force application during tissue handling in future laparoscopic skills training programs.

  13. Problem-Based Learning in 9th Grade Chemistry Class: "Intermolecular Forces"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarhan, Leman; Ayar-Kayali, Hulya; Urek, Raziye Ozturk; Acar, Burcin

    2008-01-01

    This research study aims to examine the effectiveness of a problem-based learning (PBL) on 9th grade students' understanding of intermolecular forces (dipole-dipole forces, London dispersion forces and hydrogen bonding). The student's alternate conceptions about intermolecular bonding and their beliefs about PBL were also measured. Seventy-eight…

  14. Problem-Based Learning in 9th Grade Chemistry Class: "Intermolecular Forces"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarhan, Leman; Ayar-Kayali, Hulya; Urek, Raziye Ozturk; Acar, Burcin

    2008-01-01

    This research study aims to examine the effectiveness of a problem-based learning (PBL) on 9th grade students' understanding of intermolecular forces (dipole-dipole forces, London dispersion forces and hydrogen bonding). The student's alternate conceptions about intermolecular bonding and their beliefs about PBL were also measured. Seventy-eight…

  15. Development of Tuning Fork Based Probes for Atomic Force Microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jalilian, Romaneh; Yazdanpanah, Mehdi M.; Torrez, Neil; Alizadeh, Amirali; Askari, Davood

    2014-03-01

    This article reports on the development of tuning fork-based AFM/STM probes in NaugaNeedles LLC for use in atomic force microscopy. These probes can be mounted on different carriers per customers' request. (e.g., RHK carrier, Omicron carrier, and tuning fork on a Sapphire disk). We are able to design and engineer tuning forks on any type of carrier used in the market. We can attach three types of tips on the edge of a tuning fork prong (i.e., growing Ag2Ga nanoneedles at any arbitrary angle, cantilever of AFM tip, and tungsten wire) with lengths from 100-500 μm. The nanoneedle is located vertical to the fork. Using a suitable insulation and metallic coating, we can make QPlus sensors that can detect tunneling current during the AFM scan. To make Qplus sensors, the entire quartz fork will be coated with an insulating material, before attaching the nanoneedle. Then, the top edge of one prong is coated with a thin layer of conductive metal and the nanoneedle is attached to the fork end of the metal coated prong. The metal coating provides electrical connection to the tip for tunneling current readout and to the electrodes and used to read the QPlus current. Since the amount of mass added to the fork is minimal, the resonance frequency spectrum does not change and still remains around 32.6 KHz and the Q factor is around 1,200 in ambient condition. These probes can enhance the performance of tuning fork based atomic microscopy.

  16. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Environmental Assessment for the Force Structure Actions at March Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-11-01

    forbs and herbs include filaree, tarweed, vinegar weed , dove weed , spurge, mustard, and Jimson weed . In a few localities there are widely spaced shrubs...the result of the force structure action. Therefore, no cultural resources will be affected. Ecology. No loss of terrestrial habitat would be caused...acreages of habitat in the known current range of the Stephens’ kangaroo rat (O’Farrell, undated). The survey was conducted by the Laguna Niguel Field

  17. Weapons testing and endangered fish coexist in Florida

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Jelks, Howard; Tate, Bill; Jordan, Frank

    2011-01-01

    Okaloosa darters (Etheostoma okaloosae) are small fish found only in a few streams in the Florida panhandle. This species has been listed since 1973 as endangered due to habitat alteration resulting from erosion, the potential competition from brown darters (E. edwini), and a limited geographic distribution. In recent years, however, Okaloosa darters have benefited from improved resource management and adaptive population monitoring techniques developed collaboratively by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Loyola University New Orleans, and Eglin Air Force Base. As a result, the FWS reclassified the Okaloosa darter to the less critical category of threatened in March 2011.

  18. Task Force on Energy Systems for Forward/Remote Operating Bases

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-08-01

    Board (DSB) Ad Hoc Committee on Energy Systems for Forward/Remote Operating Bases I am pleased to forward the final report of the DSB Ad Hoc...Committee (Task Force) on Energy Systems for Forward/Remote Operating Bases , chaired by Dr. Michael Anastasio and General Paul Kern, USA (Retired). The...Task Force encourages the DoD at all levels to invest in future considerations for remote and forward operating bases and expeditionary forces

  19. Environmental Assessment for Aerial Application of Pesticide for Gypsy Moth Control, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR AERIAL APPLICATION OF PESTICIDE FOR GYPSY MOTH CONTROL ANDREWS AIR FORCE BASE...to 00-00-2008 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Environmental Assessment for Aerial Application of Pesticide for Gypsy Moth Control Andrews Air Force Base...of gypsy moths at Andrews Air Force Base (AFB), Maryland (MD). The EA is prepared in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of

  20. A Floristic Inventory of Vascular Plant Species on Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    In conjunction with a project to establish long-term vegetation monitoring plots, we conducted a survey of the vascular flora of Elmendorf Air Force...Base. The main objectives of the survey were to: identify any rare vascular plants on Elmendorf Air Force Base; document additions to the flora of Elmendorf...Air Force Base; insure that the vascular flora of the monitoring plots is accurately documented. We documented 301 vascular plant taxa for

  1. A Profile of Suwannee County, Florida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beaulieu, Lionel J.

    Agriculture and the railroad were significant forces in the development of Suwannee County, Florida, formally created in 1858 but explored and settled beginning some 300 years earlier. Lumber and cotton caused an early 20th century boom in the county which soon saw the negative effects of both industries. The introduction of tobacco in the late…

  2. AFRL/MN LADAR Research Laboratory Construction and Establishment of an Outdoor LADAR Test Range Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-08-13

    corridor of land, the remaining trees will need to be clear-cut. Any disturbed areas would be seeded with grass or vegetated by some other means to...Baptisa calycosa) FC2 Sandhills where the over story is open with sandy soils. Pineland hoary-pea ( Tephrosia mohrii) FC2/ST Sandhills...will become re- vegetated with seed or sod. Thus, there are no anticipated impacts to the streams that serve as habitat for the Okaloosa Darter

  3. Environmental Assessment to Construct Air Traffic Control Tower and Crash Rescue Facility at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-05-01

    racemosa) are the dominant species. Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle ) is also present at the waterward fringes of the community. The mangroves have been...negatively impacted by historic dredge and fill activities and the excavation of mosquito ditches. However, despite these impacts, this community...of the habitat, and the invasion of exotic vegetation. The mangrove wetland habitat has been degraded somewhat by the excavation of mosquito

  4. Installation Restoration Program. Phase 2. Confirmation Quantification. Stage 2 for MacDill Air Force Base, Florida. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-07-22

    U. c o 0 0 u auJ 0 0 0 a (IQAG-i eS e~oqV 4GO-) NO.LVA3-13 2-31 ES ENGINEERIING -SCIENCE FIGURE 2.2- AVON PARK AFR GROUNDWATER FLOW DIRECTION MAP j...reasonably be anticipated to cause death, disease, behavioral abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutation, physiological malfunctions (including malfunctions in

  5. Test Area C-72 and Line of Sight, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida Final Range Environmental Assessment (REA), Revision 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-28

    approximate calculation is: 600 x the cube root of the net explosive weight (NEW) = distance to the reservation boundary (infeet) . No detonation can...restriction of a maximum of 140-decibel (dB) noise level leaving the Eglin Reservation boundary. An approximate calculation is 600 × the cube root of the...and ecosystems. The susceptibility of soil to erosion depends on factors such as soil texture , moisture content, pH, and ionic strength of the

  6. Final Range Environmental Assessment for Test Areas C-87 and D-51 at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-01

    ENVffiONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES Environmental analyses focused on the following areas: Air Quality, Noise, Soils , Water Resources, Biological Resource...minor and would not cause a significant impact to the public. Soils (REA§ 3.3, pages 3-13 to 3-15)- The majority of soils at TAs C-87 and D-51 are...is deposited on soils ; however, soi l impacts are minimal since RDX undergoes biodegradation disappearing within 5 weeks. The projected decrease in

  7. Final Environmental Assessment for the Disposal of the Former Lynn Haven Fuel Depot, Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    soils ), hazardous materials and waste (i.e., hazardous materials, hazardous waste, and the Air Force’s Environmental Restoration Program), and cultural...Through the EA analysis, Proposed Action Alternative 1 has been determined to be the only practicable alternative. Land use soil restrictions limit the...USFWS), National Marine Fisheries Service, United States Army Corps of Engineers, and Native American Tribes/Nations that expressed an interest in

  8. Environmental Assessment for Aviation Foreign Internal Defense Beddown (AvFID) at Duke Field, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-01

    implement construction activities in a manner that does not pose any risk to workers or personnel. Industrial hygiene programs address exposure to...hazardous materials, use of personal protective equipment, and use and availability of Material Safety Data Sheets. Industrial hygiene is the responsibility...area may be merchantable . • Prior to the implementation of the Proposed Action, the CZMA determination would be reviewed. The Proposed Action would

  9. Installation Restoration Program. Phase II. Confirmation/Quantification. Stage I for MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-09-01

    organic carbon (DOC) Water table aquifer Total organic halides(T) Floridan Aquifer- C . 20. ASSTNACT (Coats a,eeee ardW if pec..eary ead IdenIt, by...Most of these analyses were screening tests ".D [phenolics, oil and grease, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), total organic halides (TOX), specific...Tampa Limestone marks the top of a thick sequence of carbonate rock consisting of limestone and dolomite which occurs to a depth of approx- - imately

  10. Installation Restoration Program. Phase 2. Confirmation Quantification. Stage 2 for MacDill Air Force Base, Florida. Volume 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-07-22

    DOWNGRADING SCHEDULE Distribution is unlimited N/A 4 PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) S MONITORING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) N/A N/A 6& NAME...OF PERFORMING ORGANIZATION 6b OFFICE SYMBOL 7A NAME OF MONITORING ORGANIZATION Engineering-Science, Inc. (if applicable) USAFOEHL/TSS 6c. ADDRESS...program was conducted, consisting of geophysical surveys, the drilling and installation of 28 monitoring wells, an aquifer pumping test in the

  11. Final Environmental Assessment Eglin Readiness Center Improvements Project Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, RCS 02-450 & -451

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-02-01

    varieties in form , color , line, and texture. Low visual sensitivity areas tend to 3-2 ERC Improvements Environmental Assessment E gl in /0 11 Eglin... form , color , line, and texture. The ERC is not accessible to the public. In addition, because of the level topography and wooded areas adjacent to

  12. Installation Restoration Program Phase 2. Confirmation/Quantification. Stage 2. Volume 2. Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-08-01

    Well Casing Diameter: Annular Space Length: . ,Stickup: .__ -_____, geld : 5" 0 Cut:In | DTW: 7 Top of Casing COLOON air UITIR M. Casing Lnmch: MV Top...DATA FOR Well Number: Da1te: _____ Time: ____ Baring Diameter: ____ Well Casing Diameter: _ -___ Annular Space Length: j...,., Sticku. ,_-’_ geld

  13. Final Environmental Assessment for the Runway Extension and New Parking Apron at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    SO 2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (03), and lead ( Pb ). Although the ozone standards are being reduced significantly with... lead ( Pb ). Response: Similar statement modification inserted. Final Environmental Assessment for the Runway Extension and New Parking Apron 29 Final Environmental Assessment for the Runway Extension and New Parking Apron 30

  14. Installation Restoration Program Phase 2. Confirmation/Quantification. Stage 2. Volume 1. Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-08-24

    supplied for drinking purposes at the Alert Facility due to the high dissolved solids content and poor test quality of the well water. ZONE 8--񔞐...Tyndall AFB’s mission shifted to that of a weapons center. Its mission included four major areas: 1. Weapons training and system evaluation; 2. Testing ...sample analyses is presented in Table 1.4-1. Most of these analyses were screening tests [pH, specific conductance, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), total

  15. Final Environmental Assessment Cape San Blas Towers Project Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, RCS 02-852 & 03-190

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-04-01

    Leatherback sea turtle Dermochelys kempii E E Eastern indigo snake Drymarchon corais couperi T T Hawkbill sea turtle Eretmochelys imbricata E E Gopher...Shdr f.xploutroo, Oe-.clopl!la\\1 er Predurbon Act~>rtie! (l S CFR !IJO. Subpsn ’E). Opt<.ralo,. are nquln!d to pro>1de • con•ln~ncy Cl !rtlflation

  16. Chiral EFT based nuclear forces: achievements and challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Machleidt, R.; Sammarruca, F.

    2016-08-01

    During the past two decades, chiral effective field theory has become a popular tool to derive nuclear forces from first principles. Two-nucleon interactions have been worked out up to sixth order of chiral perturbation theory and three-nucleon forces up to fifth order. Applications of some of these forces have been conducted in nuclear few- and many-body systems—with a certain degree of success. But in spite of these achievements, we are still faced with great challenges. Among them is the issue of a proper uncertainty quantification of predictions obtained when applying these forces in ab initio calculations of nuclear structure and reactions. A related problem is the order by order convergence of the chiral expansion. We start this review with a pedagogical introduction and then present the current status of the field of chiral nuclear forces. This is followed by a discussion of representative examples for the application of chiral two- and three-body forces in the nuclear many-body system including convergence issues.

  17. Microscale radiometer based on the Knudsen thermal force

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strongrich, Andrew D.

    Radiometric phenomena arise in non-isothermal rarefied gas flows for which the molecular mean-free path is approximately equal to the characteristic scale of the temperature gradient. The non-equilibrium nature of these flows results in thermal stresses which are capable of exerting forces and moments on immersed structures. When the stresses are established between unequally heated bodies the forces are referred to as Knudsen thermal forces. This work presents the design, fabrication, and characterization of a novel in-plane microscale radiometer capable of both producing and resolving Knudsen forces in low pressures. The current work differs from previous implementations in that both capacitance and temperature measurements are acquired simultaneously, extending permissible measurement range by up to 3 pressure decades. Sensitivity to ambient pressure, temperature gradient, as well as gas composition is demonstrated, illustrating the mechanism's versatility in measuring various macroscopic fluid properties. For constant input power force output is shown to vary non-monotonically with ambient pressure, having peak magnitude at a Knudsen number of approximately unity. Using thermal microscopy, results are presented in terms of a non-dimensional force coefficient, showing output enhancement of over 7 times at peak magnitude compared to existing out-of-plane cantilevered configurations.

  18. Florida Current: seasonal and interannual variability

    SciTech Connect

    Schott, F.; Zantopp, R.

    1985-01-18

    Annual and interannual variations in the Florida Current, Caribbean and subtropical Atlantic are investigated with the use of historical sea level differences and wind field data. Observational and model evidence suggests that the seasonal transport cycle of the Florida Current is locally forced, either upstream in the Caribbean or downstream over topography. Although at seasonal and shorter periods sea level or bottom pressure fluctuations on the left side of the Florida Current contribute almost all of the variance of sea level difference across the Florida Straits and hence transport, this relation does not seem to apply at interannual time scales. Using results from the Subtropical Atlantic Climate Studies, it is estimated from historical sea level data that interannual transport fluctuations of the Florida Current are only of order 1 x 10/sup 6/ cubic meters per second. Interannual fluctuations in the 2- to 3-year period range in the Florida Straits seem to be correlated with sea level differences across the Caribbean and the subtropical Atlantic but not with Sverdrup transport fluctuations in the subtropical Atlantic. 26 references, 2 figures.

  19. Florida Energy Assurance Plan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turner, Niescja E.; Murtagh, William; Guthrie, Kevin; Nykyri, Katariina; Radasky, William A.; Senkowicz, Eric

    2012-08-01

    This spring, Florida held the nation's first statewide emergency preparedness training and exercises geared specifically to the aftermath of severe geomagnetic events. Funded by the State of Florida Division of Emergency Management (FDEM) via a Department of Energy grant and held in collaboration with Watch House International, Inquesta Corporation, and the Florida Institute of Technology, the 17-19 April 2012 workshop had 99 on-site attendees in an oceanfront hotel in Melbourne, Florida, as well as 16 over live Web streaming. The workshop was the capstone to a three-month season of 21 regional space weather training sessions and workshops serving 386 attendees in total.

  20. High-precision horizontally directed force measurements for high dead loads based on a differential electromagnetic force compensation system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vasilyan, Suren; Rivero, Michel; Schleichert, Jan; Halbedel, Bernd; Fröhlich, Thomas

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, we present an application for realizing high-precision horizontally directed force measurements in the order of several tens of nN in combination with high dead loads of about 10 N. The set-up is developed on the basis of two identical state-of-the-art electromagnetic force compensation (EMFC) high precision balances. The measurement resolution of horizontally directed single-axis quasi-dynamic forces is 20 nN over the working range of  ±100 μN. The set-up operates in two different measurement modes: in the open-loop mode the mechanical deflection of the proportional lever is an indication of the acting force, whereas in the closed-loop mode it is the applied electric current to the coil inside the EMFC balance that compensates deflection of the lever to the offset zero position. The estimated loading frequency (cutoff frequency) of the set-up in the open-loop mode is about 0.18 Hz, in the closed-loop mode it is 0.7 Hz. One of the practical applications that the set-up is suitable for is the flow rate measurements of low electrically conducting electrolytes by applying the contactless technique of Lorentz force velocimetry. Based on a previously developed set-up which uses a single EMFC balance, experimental, theoretical and numerical analyses of the thermo-mechanical properties of the supporting structure are presented.

  1. High Resolution Forecasts in the Florida Straits: Predicting the Modulations of the Florida Current and Connectivity Around South Florida and Cuba

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kourafalou, V.; Kang, H.; Perlin, N.; Le Henaff, M.; Lamkin, J. T.

    2016-02-01

    Connectivity around the South Florida coastal regions and between South Florida and Cuba are largely influenced by a) local coastal processes and b) circulation in the Florida Straits, which is controlled by the larger scale Florida Current variability. Prediction of the physical connectivity is a necessary component for several activities that require ocean forecasts, such as oil spills, fisheries research, search and rescue. This requires a predictive system that can accommodate the intense coastal to offshore interactions and the linkages to the complex regional circulation. The Florida Straits, South Florida and Florida Keys Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model is such a regional ocean predictive system, covering a large area over the Florida Straits and the adjacent land areas, representing both coastal and oceanic processes. The real-time ocean forecast system is high resolution ( 900m), embedded in larger scale predictive models. It includes detailed coastal bathymetry, high resolution/high frequency atmospheric forcing and provides 7-day forecasts, updated daily (see: http://coastalmodeling.rsmas.miami.edu/). The unprecedented high resolution and coastal details of this system provide value added on global forecasts through downscaling and allow a variety of applications. Examples will be presented, focusing on the period of a 2015 fisheries cruise around the coastal areas of Cuba, where model predictions helped guide the measurements on biophysical connectivity, under intense variability of the mesoscale eddy field and subsequent Florida Current meandering.

  2. Muscle force estimation with surface EMG during dynamic muscle contractions: a wavelet and ANN based approach.

    PubMed

    Bai, Fengjun; Chew, Chee-Meng

    2013-01-01

    Human muscle force estimation is important in biomechanics studies, sports and assistive devices fields. Therefore, it is essential to develop an efficient algorithm to estimate force exerted by muscles. The purpose of this study is to predict force/torque exerted by muscles under dynamic muscle contractions based on continuous wavelet transform (CWT) and artificial neural networks (ANN) approaches. Mean frequency (MF) of the surface electromyography (EMG) signals power spectrum was calculated from CWT. ANN models were trained to derive the MF-force relationships from the subset of EMG signals and the measured forces. Then we use the networks to predict the individual muscle forces for different muscle groups. Fourteen healthy subjects (10 males and 4 females) were voluntarily recruited in this study. EMG signals were collected from the biceps brachii, triceps, hamstring and quadriceps femoris muscles to evaluate the proposed method. Root mean square errors (RMSE) and correlation coefficients between the predicted forces and measured actual forces were calculated.

  3. Stable isotope study of precipitation and cave drip water in Florida (USA): implications for speleothem-based paleoclimate studies.

    PubMed

    Onac, Bogdan P; Pace-Graczyk, Kali; Atudirei, Viorel

    2008-06-01

    Stable isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen were used to examine how the isotopic signal of meteoric water is modified as it travels through soil and epikarst into two caves in Florida. Surface and cave water samples were collected every week from February 2006 until March 2007. The isotopic composition of precipitation at the investigated sites is highly variable and shows little seasonal control. The delta18O vs. delta2H plot shows a mixing line having a slope of 5.63, suggesting evaporation effects dominate the isotopic composition of most rainfall events of less than 8 cm/day, as indicated by their low d-excess values. The delta18O values of the drip water show little variability (<0.6 per thousand), which is loosely tied to local variations in the seasonal amount of precipitation. This is only seen during wintertime at the Florida Caverns site. The lag time of over two months and the lack of any relationship between rainfall amount and the increase in drip rate indicate a dominance of matrix flow relative to fracture/conduit flow at each site. The long residence time of the vadose seepage waters allows for an effective isotopic homogenisation of individual and seasonal rainfall events. We find no correlation between rainfall and drip water delta18O at any site. The isotopic composition of drip water in both caves consistently tends to resemble the amount-weighted monthly mean rainfall input. This implies that the delta18O of speleothems from these two caves in Florida cannot record seasonal cycle in rainfall delta18O, but are suitable for paleoclimate reconstructions at inter-annual time scales.dagger.

  4. Nano-force sensor based on a single tellurium microwire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kou, Jinzong; Zhang, Yang; Liu, Yudong; Zhang, Ke; Liu, Wei; Zhai, Junyi

    2017-07-01

    A facile hydrothermal method has been developed for the synthesis of Te microwires of about a several hundred micrometres in length. Te microwires were studied by scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and I-V characterisation. By applying a force on a Te microwire (about 1 mm in length and tens μm in diameter) edge with an AFM tip, the output current dramatically increased by applying a larger level of force, which indicated that the Schottky barrier height between the Pt/Ir-coated AFM tip and the I-V property of the Te microwire can be effectively tuned by the piezotronic effect. We demonstrated that Te microwire can be considered as a promising building block for realising nano-force sensing.

  5. Bimanual elbow exoskeleton: Force based protocol and rehabilitation quantification.

    PubMed

    Alavi, N; Herrnstadt, G; Randhawa, B K; Boyd, L A; Menon, C

    2015-08-01

    An aging population, along with the increase in cardiovascular disease incidence that accompanies this demographic shift, is likely to increase both the economic and medical burden associated with stroke in western societies. Rehabilitation, the standard treatment for stroke, can be expanded and augmented with state of the art technologies, such as robotic therapy. This paper expands upon a recent work involving a force-feedback master-slave bimanual exoskeleton for elbow rehabilitation, named a Bimanual Wearable Robotic Device (BWRD). Elbow force data acquired during the execution of custom tasks is analyzed to demonstrate the feasibility of tracking patient progress. Two training tasks that focus on applied forces are examined. The first is called "slave arm follow", which uses the absolute angular impulse as a metric; the second is called "conditional arm static", which uses the rise time to target as a metric, both presented here. The outcomes of these metrics are observed over three days.

  6. Environmental Assessment: Construction and Operation of New Security Forces Facility at Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    Historic Preservation Office or Officer SFS Security Forces Squadron SIP State Implementation Plan SOx Sulfur Oxide tpy Tons per Year TSP Total...spread over 3 years. The maximum calculated emissions in tons per year ( tpy ) are shown in Table 4-2. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF THE... tpy ) — — 5.93 5.93 CO ( tpy ) — — 3.79 3.79 SOx ( tpy ) — — 0.01 0.01 VOC ( tpy ) — — 0.69 0.69 TSP ( tpy ) 0.67 2.06 0.19 2.92 PM10 ( tpy ) 0.36 0.22 0.19

  7. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Disposal and Reuse of Norton Air Force Base, California

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    would be terminated. The base would be preserved in a condition intended to minimize deterioration, ensure base security, and maintain the grounds and...closure activities, establishing a caretaker force to maintain Air Force properties after closure, and serving as the Air Force liaison supporting...Alternative, the U.S Government would retain ownership of the Norton AFB property . A DMT (with a crew of approximately 50 personnel) would maintain the

  8. Cell Adhesion on Dynamic Supramolecular Surfaces Probed by Fluid Force Microscopy-Based Single-Cell Force Spectroscopy

    PubMed Central

    2017-01-01

    Biomimetic and stimuli-responsive cell-material interfaces are actively being developed to study and control various cell-dynamics phenomena. Since cells naturally reside in the highly dynamic and complex environment of the extracellular matrix, attempts are being made to replicate these conditions in synthetic biomaterials. Supramolecular chemistry, dealing with noncovalent interactions, has recently provided possibilities to incorporate such dynamicity and responsiveness in various types of architectures. Using a cucurbit[8]uril-based host–guest system, we have successfully established a dynamic and electrochemically responsive interface for the display of the integrin-specific ligand, Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD), to promote cell adhesion. Due to the weak nature of the noncovalent forces by which the components at the interface are held together, we expected that cell adhesion would also be weaker in comparison to traditional interfaces where ligands are usually immobilized by covalent linkages. To assess the stability and limitations of our noncovalent interfaces, we performed single-cell force spectroscopy studies using fluid force microscopy. This technique enabled us to measure rupture forces of multiple cells that were allowed to adhere for several hours on individual substrates. We found that the rupture forces of cells adhered to both the noncovalent and covalent interfaces were nearly identical for up to several hours. We have analyzed and elucidated the reasons behind this result as a combination of factors including the weak rupture force between linear Arg-Gly-Asp and integrin, high surface density of the ligand, and increase in effective concentration of the supramolecular components under spread cells. These characteristics enable the construction of highly dynamic biointerfaces without compromising cell-adhesive properties. PMID:28319669

  9. Cell Adhesion on Dynamic Supramolecular Surfaces Probed by Fluid Force Microscopy-Based Single-Cell Force Spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Sankaran, Shrikrishnan; Jaatinen, Leena; Brinkmann, Jenny; Zambelli, Tomaso; Vörös, Janos; Jonkheijm, Pascal

    2017-04-25

    Biomimetic and stimuli-responsive cell-material interfaces are actively being developed to study and control various cell-dynamics phenomena. Since cells naturally reside in the highly dynamic and complex environment of the extracellular matrix, attempts are being made to replicate these conditions in synthetic biomaterials. Supramolecular chemistry, dealing with noncovalent interactions, has recently provided possibilities to incorporate such dynamicity and responsiveness in various types of architectures. Using a cucurbit[8]uril-based host-guest system, we have successfully established a dynamic and electrochemically responsive interface for the display of the integrin-specific ligand, Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD), to promote cell adhesion. Due to the weak nature of the noncovalent forces by which the components at the interface are held together, we expected that cell adhesion would also be weaker in comparison to traditional interfaces where ligands are usually immobilized by covalent linkages. To assess the stability and limitations of our noncovalent interfaces, we performed single-cell force spectroscopy studies using fluid force microscopy. This technique enabled us to measure rupture forces of multiple cells that were allowed to adhere for several hours on individual substrates. We found that the rupture forces of cells adhered to both the noncovalent and covalent interfaces were nearly identical for up to several hours. We have analyzed and elucidated the reasons behind this result as a combination of factors including the weak rupture force between linear Arg-Gly-Asp and integrin, high surface density of the ligand, and increase in effective concentration of the supramolecular components under spread cells. These characteristics enable the construction of highly dynamic biointerfaces without compromising cell-adhesive properties.

  10. Development and application of a new comprehensive image-based classification scheme for coastal and benthic environments along the southeast Florida continental shelf

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Makowski, Christopher

    The coastal (terrestrial) and benthic environments along the southeast Florida continental shelf show a unique biophysical succession of marine features from a highly urbanized, developed coastal region in the north (i.e. northern Miami-Dade County) to a protective marine sanctuary in the southeast (i.e. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary). However, the establishment of a standard bio-geomorphological classification scheme for this area of coastal and benthic environments is lacking. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis and answer the research question of whether new parameters of integrating geomorphological components with dominant biological covers could be developed and applied across multiple remote sensing platforms for an innovative way to identify, interpret, and classify diverse coastal and benthic environments along the southeast Florida continental shelf. An ordered manageable hierarchical classification scheme was developed to incorporate the categories of Physiographic Realm, Morphodynamic Zone, Geoform, Landform, Dominant Surface Sediment, and Dominant Biological Cover. Six different remote sensing platforms (i.e. five multi-spectral satellite image sensors and one high-resolution aerial orthoimagery) were acquired, delineated according to the new classification scheme, and compared to determine optimal formats for classifying the study area. Cognitive digital classification at a nominal scale of 1:6000 proved to be more accurate than autoclassification programs and therefore used to differentiate coastal marine environments based on spectral reflectance characteristics, such as color, tone, saturation, pattern, and texture of the seafloor topology. In addition, attribute tables were created in conjugation with interpretations to quantify and compare the spatial relationships between classificatory units. IKONOS-2 satellite imagery was determined to be the optimal platform for applying the hierarchical classification scheme

  11. 'Florida Beauty' strawberry

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Florida Beauty’ strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) originated from a 2012 cross made by the Queensland breeding program between Queensland Australia selection 2010-119 (female parent) and ‘Florida Radiance’ (male parent). Selection 2010-119 was chosen as a parent for its excellent fruit shape and fl...

  12. Florida's Substitute Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odutola, Adeniji A.; Etemadi, Judy N.

    2002-01-01

    Describes the statutory duties of the Florida Education Standards Commission, highlighting a study of the working conditions of Florida's substitute teachers. Researchers collected data on school board policies regarding substitutes' educational levels required, initial training and staff development opportunities required, salary schedules, and…

  13. Rasch model based analysis of the Force Concept Inventory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Planinic, Maja; Ivanjek, Lana; Susac, Ana

    2010-06-01

    The Force Concept Inventory (FCI) is an important diagnostic instrument which is widely used in the field of physics education research. It is therefore very important to evaluate and monitor its functioning using different tools for statistical analysis. One of such tools is the stochastic Rasch model, which enables construction of linear measures for persons and items from raw test scores and which can provide important insight in the structure and functioning of the test (how item difficulties are distributed within the test, how well the items fit the model, and how well the items work together to define the underlying construct). The data for the Rasch analysis come from the large-scale research conducted in 2006-07, which investigated Croatian high school students’ conceptual understanding of mechanics on a representative sample of 1676 students (age 17-18 years). The instrument used in research was the FCI. The average FCI score for the whole sample was found to be (27.7±0.4)% , indicating that most of the students were still non-Newtonians at the end of high school, despite the fact that physics is a compulsory subject in Croatian schools. The large set of obtained data was analyzed with the Rasch measurement computer software WINSTEPS 3.66. Since the FCI is routinely used as pretest and post-test on two very different types of population (non-Newtonian and predominantly Newtonian), an additional predominantly Newtonian sample ( N=141 , average FCI score of 64.5%) of first year students enrolled in introductory physics course at University of Zagreb was also analyzed. The Rasch model based analysis suggests that the FCI has succeeded in defining a sufficiently unidimensional construct for each population. The analysis of fit of data to the model found no grossly misfitting items which would degrade measurement. Some items with larger misfit and items with significantly different difficulties in the two samples of students do require further examination

  14. Vandenberg Air Force Base Upper Level Wind Launch Weather Constraints

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shafer, Jaclyn A.; Wheeler, Mark M.

    2012-01-01

    The 30th Operational Support Squadron Weather Flight (30 OSSWF) provides comprehensive weather services to the space program at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) in California. One of their responsibilities is to monitor upper-level winds to ensure safe launch operations of the Minuteman III ballistic missile. The 30 OSSWF tasked the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) to analyze VAFB sounding data with the goal of determining the probability of violating (PoV) their upper-level thresholds for wind speed and shear constraints specific to this launch vehicle, and to develop a tool that will calculate the PoV of each constraint on the day of launch. In order to calculate the probability of exceeding each constraint, the AMU collected and analyzed historical data from VAFB. The historical sounding data were retrieved from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Earth System Research Laboratory archive for the years 1994-2011 and then stratified into four sub-seasons: January-March, April-June, July-September, and October-December. The maximum wind speed and 1000-ft shear values for each sounding in each subseason were determined. To accurately calculate the PoV, the AMU determined the theoretical distributions that best fit the maximum wind speed and maximum shear datasets. Ultimately it was discovered that the maximum wind speeds follow a Gaussian distribution while the maximum shear values follow a lognormal distribution. These results were applied when calculating the averages and standard deviations needed for the historical and real-time PoV calculations. In addition to the requirements outlined in the original task plan, the AMU also included forecast sounding data from the Rapid Refresh model. This information provides further insight for the launch weather officers (LWOs) when determining if a wind constraint violation will occur over the next few hours on day of launch. The interactive graphical user interface (GUI) for this project was developed in

  15. Radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base. Volume 2: Long-term monitoring and modeling

    SciTech Connect

    Petrie, T.W.; Childs, P.W.

    1998-06-01

    The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenses in the federal sector. One such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP), seeks to evaluate new energy-saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the US government. Through a partnership with a federal site, the utility serving the site, a manufacturer of an energy-related technology, and other organizations associated with these interests, DOE can evaluate a new technology. The results of the program give federal agency decision makers more hands-on information with which to validate a decision to utilize a new technology in their facilities. This is the second volume of a two-volume report that describes the effects of radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB) in Florida by ThermShield International. ORNL`s Buildings Technology Center (BTC) was assigned the responsibility for gathering, analyzing, and reporting on the data to describe the effects of the coatings. The first volume described the monitoring plan and its implementation, the results of pre-coating monitoring, the coating installation, results from fresh coatings compared to pre-coating results, and a plan to decommission the monitoring equipment. This second volume updates and completes the presentation of data to compare performance of fresh coatings with weathered coatings.

  16. Rasch Model Based Analysis of the Force Concept Inventory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Planinic, Maja; Ivanjek, Lana; Susac, Ana

    2010-01-01

    The Force Concept Inventory (FCI) is an important diagnostic instrument which is widely used in the field of physics education research. It is therefore very important to evaluate and monitor its functioning using different tools for statistical analysis. One of such tools is the stochastic Rasch model, which enables construction of linear…

  17. Exploratory Inquiry: Disparate Air Force Base Area Network Architectures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    Lieutenant Jamie Sharkey conducted a thesis on the key issues pertaining to Air Force enterprise architecture management. Discussion of...experience in fixed and tactical communications. His first duty station was McGuire AFB, New Jersey followed by assignments to Spangdahlem AB, Germany; the

  18. Research on Evacuation Based on Social Force Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, W.; Deng, Z.; Li, W.; Lin, J.

    2017-09-01

    Crowded centers always cause personnel casualties in evacuation operations. Stampede events often occur by hit, squeeze and crush due to panic. It is of vital important to alleviate such situation. With the deepening of personnel evacuation research, more and more researchers are committed to study individual behaviors and self-organization phenomenon in evacuation process. The study mainly includes: 1, enrich the social force model from different facets such as visual, psychological, external force to descript more realistic evacuation; 2, research on causes and effects of self - organization phenomenon. In this paper, we focus on disorder motion that occurs in the crowded indoor publics, especially the narrow channel and safety exits and other special arteries. We put forward the improved social force model to depict pedestrians' behaviors, an orderly speed-stratification evacuation method to solve disorder problem, and shape-changed export to alleviate congestion. The result of this work shows an improvement of evacuation efficiency by 19.5 %. Guiding pedestrians' direction to slow down the influence of social forces has a guidance function in improving the efficiency of indoor emergency evacuation.

  19. Reconstitution of the Base Force of 1995: Plan or Placebo

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-14

    forcesý,umualy RCwhchdie services mantain pewactime at bvvsh I=s thai full ulSO anl d readinis Duri ng mol~ifzaion, dumes farces mu " regenerated to A... epos Of manpower, cadre uni% stockpiled and war reserve military moats research and techniology uwsbnen triiined and experienced leadership and

  20. Rasch Model Based Analysis of the Force Concept Inventory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Planinic, Maja; Ivanjek, Lana; Susac, Ana

    2010-01-01

    The Force Concept Inventory (FCI) is an important diagnostic instrument which is widely used in the field of physics education research. It is therefore very important to evaluate and monitor its functioning using different tools for statistical analysis. One of such tools is the stochastic Rasch model, which enables construction of linear…

  1. Defending the Joint Force: Lessons Learned from Joint Base Balad

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    the enemy’s aerial power by destroying his nests and eggs on the ground than to hunt his flying birds in the air.”1 This concept is reflected in Air...in defending its own assets and those of the joint force.  1. Giulio Douhet, The Command of the Air, trans. Dino Ferrari (1942; new imprint

  2. Toward optical-tweezers-based force microscopy for airborne microparticles.

    PubMed

    Power, Rory M; Burnham, Daniel R; Reid, Jonathan P

    2014-12-20

    Optical tweezers have found widespread application in biological and colloidal physics for the measurement of pN forces over nanometer to micrometer length scales. Similar aerosol-phase measurements of interparticle force have not been reported in spite of the potential to better resolve particle coagulation kinetics. Various refractive index mismatches in the beam path as well as the need to explicitly account for gravity and inertial particle motion provide a number of challenges that must be overcome to make such measurements tractable. In this regard, we demonstrate schemes by which the particle position and trap stiffness may be unambiguously measured using bright-field microscopy with resolution comparable with analogous condensed-phase measurements. Moreover, some of the challenges of working with highly dynamic aqueous particles are introduced and exploited to observe size-dependent phenomena in aerosol optical tweezers. Notably, when combined with cavity-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, this provides a unique opportunity to explore trapping forces over a continuum of particle size and refractive index. It is expected that the methods developed will provide a basis for the measurement of pairwise interaction forces in aerosol optical tweezers while providing a probe of fundamental airborne particle trapping dynamics.

  3. Reinterpretation of the origin of the Gulf of Mexico based on data from the northwestern Florida shelf

    SciTech Connect

    Reitz, B.K. )

    1991-03-01

    Sedimentary and structural and potential field relationships established on the Northwest Florida shelf are used to infer Triassic-Jurassic rift morphology throughout the northern Gulf of Mexico. Regional Louann Salt distribution and gravity data define the location and gross morphology of the rift basins. The inferred distribution and geometries of Triassic-Jurassic basins are consistent with a counterclockwise departure of the Yucatan tectonic block during the initial opening of the gulf. Coincident with this rotation, the Florida tectonic block rotated 15{degree} counterclockwise to open the South Georgia-DeSoto Canyon rift basin complex. The Sabine and Wiggins uplifts were separated from the North American craton and moved along small circle flow lines of the departing Yucatan plate. A detachment fault model best explains the asymmetry of the northern and southern Gulf of Mexico margins and the distribution of structural features. Alternating rift basins and uplifts along the northern gulf are interpreted to be the result of changes in the dip direction of the most northerly crustal detachment fault.

  4. Springs of Florida

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rosenau, Jack C.; Faulkner, Glen L.; Hendry, Charles W.; Hull, Robert W.

    1977-01-01

    The first comprehensive report of Florida's springs, which contains both a story of the springs and a collection of facts about them, was published thirty years ago (Ferguson and others, 1947). Since then, much additional data on springs have been gathered and the current report, Springs of Florida, makes a wealth of information on springs available to the public. Springs of Florida, prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Bureau of Geology, Florida Department of Natural Resources, publishers, and the Bureau of Water Resources Management, Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, is intended to provide sufficient background information for a lucid understanding of the nature and occurrence of the springs in the State.

  5. 75 FR 30689 - Modification of Class C Airspace; Beale Air Force Base, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-02

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 RIN 2120-AA66 Modification of Class C Airspace; Beale Air Force Base, CA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies the legal description of the Beale Air Force Base (AFB), CA, Class C airspace area...

  6. Final Environmental Assessment: Base-Wide Building Demolition Arnold Air Force Base, Tennessee

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-01

    Need for Action 1.1 Background Arnold Air Force Base (AFB) is located in Coffee and Franklin Counties in Middle Tennessee. Arnold AFB is...DoD is also a steward of significant cultural resources that provide information on the development of DoD and the country. Coffee County Franklin...Landfills are currently in use, while the Coffee County, the Sanitary, and the C&D Landfills have been filled and closed. The Sanitary Landfill was

  7. Impacts from control operations on a recreationally hunted feral swine population at a large military installation in Florida.

    PubMed

    Engeman, Richard; Hershberger, Troy; Orzell, Steve; Felix, Rodney; Killian, Gary; Woolard, John; Cornman, Jon; Romano, David; Huddleston, Chet; Zimmerman, Pat; Barre, Chris; Tillman, Eric; Avery, Michael

    2014-06-01

    Feral swine were targeted for control at Avon Park Air Force Range in south-central Florida to avert damage to sensitive wetland habitats on the 40,000-ha base. We conducted a 5-year study to assess impacts from control to this population that had been recreationally hunted for many years. Control was initiated in early 2009. The feral swine population was monitored from 2008 to 2012 using a passive tracking index (PTI) during the dry and wet seasons and using recreational hunter take rates from the dry season. All three indices showed substantial feral swine declines after implementing control, with indices leveling for the final two study years. Military missions and recreational hunting seasons impacted temporal and spatial consistency of control application, thereby limiting further impacts of control efforts on the feral swine population. The PTI was also able to monitor coyotes, another invasive species on the base, and detect Florida black bear and Florida panther, species of particular concern.

  8. Evaluating effects of Everglades restoration on American crocodile populations in south Florida using a spatially-explicit, stage-based population model

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Green, Timothy W.; Slone, Daniel H.; Swain, Eric D.; Cherkiss, Michael S.; Lohmann, Melinda; Mazzotti, Frank J.; Rice, Kenneth G.

    2014-01-01

    The distribution and abundance of the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) in the Florida Everglades is dependent on the timing, amount, and location of freshwater flow. One of the goals of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) is to restore historic freshwater flows to American crocodile habitat throughout the Everglades. To predict the impacts on the crocodile population from planned restoration activities, we created a stage-based spatially explicit crocodile population model that incorporated regional hydrology models and American crocodile research and monitoring data. Growth and survival were influenced by salinity, water depth, and density-dependent interactions. A stage-structured spatial model was used with discrete spatial convolution to direct crocodiles toward attractive sources where conditions were favorable. The model predicted that CERP would have both positive and negative impacts on American crocodile growth, survival, and distribution. Overall, crocodile populations across south Florida were predicted to decrease approximately 3 % with the implementation of CERP compared to future conditions without restoration, but local increases up to 30 % occurred in the Joe Bay area near Taylor Slough, and local decreases up to 30 % occurred in the vicinity of Buttonwood Canal due to changes in salinity and freshwater flows.

  9. Decoding gripping force based on local field potentials recorded from subthalamic nucleus in humans.

    PubMed

    Tan, Huiling; Pogosyan, Alek; Ashkan, Keyoumars; Green, Alexander L; Aziz, Tipu; Foltynie, Thomas; Limousin, Patricia; Zrinzo, Ludvic; Hariz, Marwan; Brown, Peter

    2016-11-18

    The basal ganglia are known to be involved in the planning, execution and control of gripping force and movement vigour. Here we aim to define the nature of the basal ganglia control signal for force and to decode gripping force based on local field potential (LFP) activities recorded from the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in patients with deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes. We found that STN LFP activities in the gamma (55-90 Hz) and beta (13-30m Hz) bands were most informative about gripping force, and that a first order dynamic linear model with these STN LFP features as inputs can be used to decode the temporal profile of gripping force. Our results enhance the understanding of how the basal ganglia control gripping force, and also suggest that deep brain LFPs could potentially be used to decode movement parameters related to force and movement vigour for the development of advanced human-machine interfaces.

  10. NASA space shuttle Columbia hitched a ride on a special 747 carrier aircraft for the flight from Palmdale, California, to Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on March 1, 2001

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2001-03-01

    NASA space shuttle Columbia hitched a ride on a special 747 carrier aircraft for the flight from Palmdale, California, to Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on March 1, 2001. A half hour behind Columbia's takeoff, the shuttle Atlantis departed the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California, also bound for Kennedy Space Center.

  11. NASA's 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft with the Space Shuttle Atlantis on top lifts off to begin its ferry flight back to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-07-01

    NASA's modified Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft with the Space Shuttle Atlantis on top lifts off from Edwards Air Force Base to begin its ferry flight back to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The cross-country journey will take approximately two days, with stops at several intermediate points for refueling.

  12. NASA technicians position the aerodynamic tailcone around the engine nozzles of the Space Shuttle Endeavour in preparation for its ferry back to KSC in Florida

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2008-12-07

    NASA technicians position the aerodynamic tailcone around the engine nozzles of the Space Shuttle Endeavour Dec. 7 in preparation for its ferry flight from NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base back to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

  13. Rigorous force field optimization principles based on statistical distance minimization

    SciTech Connect

    Vlcek, Lukas; Chialvo, Ariel A.

    2015-10-12

    We use the concept of statistical distance to define a measure of distinguishability between a pair of statistical mechanical systems, i.e., a model and its target, and show that its minimization leads to general convergence of the model’s static measurable properties to those of the target. Here we exploit this feature to define a rigorous basis for the development of accurate and robust effective molecular force fields that are inherently compatible with coarse-grained experimental data. The new model optimization principles and their efficient implementation are illustrated through selected examples, whose outcome demonstrates the higher robustness and predictive accuracy of the approach compared to other currently used methods, such as force matching and relative entropy minimization. We also discuss relations between the newly developed principles and established thermodynamic concepts, which include the Gibbs-Bogoliubov inequality and the thermodynamic length.

  14. Rigorous force field optimization principles based on statistical distance minimization

    DOE PAGES

    Vlcek, Lukas; Chialvo, Ariel A.

    2015-10-12

    We use the concept of statistical distance to define a measure of distinguishability between a pair of statistical mechanical systems, i.e., a model and its target, and show that its minimization leads to general convergence of the model’s static measurable properties to those of the target. Here we exploit this feature to define a rigorous basis for the development of accurate and robust effective molecular force fields that are inherently compatible with coarse-grained experimental data. The new model optimization principles and their efficient implementation are illustrated through selected examples, whose outcome demonstrates the higher robustness and predictive accuracy of themore » approach compared to other currently used methods, such as force matching and relative entropy minimization. We also discuss relations between the newly developed principles and established thermodynamic concepts, which include the Gibbs-Bogoliubov inequality and the thermodynamic length.« less

  15. Rigorous force field optimization principles based on statistical distance minimization

    SciTech Connect

    Vlcek, Lukas; Chialvo, Ariel A.

    2015-10-14

    We use the concept of statistical distance to define a measure of distinguishability between a pair of statistical mechanical systems, i.e., a model and its target, and show that its minimization leads to general convergence of the model’s static measurable properties to those of the target. We exploit this feature to define a rigorous basis for the development of accurate and robust effective molecular force fields that are inherently compatible with coarse-grained experimental data. The new model optimization principles and their efficient implementation are illustrated through selected examples, whose outcome demonstrates the higher robustness and predictive accuracy of the approach compared to other currently used methods, such as force matching and relative entropy minimization. We also discuss relations between the newly developed principles and established thermodynamic concepts, which include the Gibbs-Bogoliubov inequality and the thermodynamic length.

  16. Environmental Assessment: Installation Development at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-01

    Branch) US Fish and Wildlife Service Carter, Patricia (NEPA Program Coordinator) 6.2 STATE AGENCIES Federal Emergency Management Agency Fairley ...FORCE’ AIR EDU.CATION AND TRAINING COMMAND 82 CES/CEVX 231 9th Avenue Stop 201 Sheppard AFB TX 76311-3333 Donald Fairley Environmental Specialist...TRAINING COMMAND March 7, 2007 82 CES/CEVX 231 9th Avenue Stop 201 Sheppard AFB TX 76311-3333 Donald Fairley Environmental

  17. Effects Based Assessment in the United States Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-01

    during OIF includes: Predator and Global Hawk UAV, RC-135 Rivet Joint , E-8 JSTARS, E-3 AWACS, and overhead national assets. 59 Operation Iraqi Freedom...Moseley, Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) Joint Forces Air Component Commander (JFACC), succinctly described OIF assessment when he said, “BDA [was...only three weeks, the war was over. During these three weeks, Moseley’s air component provided crucial support to Frank’s joint campaign. In order

  18. Low-temperature linear thermal rectifiers based on Coriolis forces.

    PubMed

    Suwunnarat, Suwun; Li, Huanan; Fleischmann, Ragnar; Kottos, Tsampikos

    2016-04-01

    We demonstrate that a three-terminal harmonic symmetric chain in the presence of a Coriolis force, produced by a rotating platform that is used to place the chain, can produce thermal rectification. The direction of heat flow is reconfigurable and controlled by the angular velocity Ω of the rotating platform. A simple three-terminal triangular lattice is used to demonstrate the proposed principle.

  19. Debonding forces of three different customized bases of a lingual bracket system

    PubMed Central

    Sung, Jang-Won; Kwon, Tae-Yub

    2013-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate whether extension of the custom base is necessary for enhancement of bond strength, by comparing the debonding forces and residual adhesives of 3 different lingual bracket systems. Methods A total of 42 extracted upper premolars were randomly divided into 3 groups of 14 each for bonding with brackets having (1) a conventional limited resin custom base; (2) an extended gold alloy custom base: Incognito™; and (3) an extended resin custom base: KommonBase™. The bonding area was measured by scanning the bracket bases with a 3-dimensional digital scanner. The debonding force was measured with an Instron universal testing machine, which applied an occlusogingival shear force. Results The mean debonding forces were 60.83 N (standard deviation [SD] 10.12), 69.29 N (SD 9.59), and 104.35 N (SD17.84) for the limited resin custom base, extended gold alloy custom base, and extended resin custom base, respectively. The debonding force observed with the extended resin custom base was significantly different from that observed with the other bases. In addition, the adhesive remnant index was significantly higher with the extended gold alloy custom base. Conclusions All 3 custom-base lingual brackets can withstand occlusal and orthodontic forces. We conclude that effective bonding of lingual brackets can be obtained without extension of the custom base. PMID:24228238

  20. Environmental Assessment for the Construction of the United States Air Force Technical Application Center (AFTAC) on Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    Threatened and Endangered (T&E) plant species have been identified at PAFB. Protected T&E sea turtles are found on the beaches and Atlantic Ocean...Management, to reduce artificial lighting impacts that cause sea turtle nesting/hatching misorientation and disorientation. The AF will provide a...7 of the Endangered Species Act to address light management requirements to avoid negative impact to protected sea turtles ; USFWS response has been

  1. Environmental Assessment for Construction of the United States Air Force Technical Application Center (AFTAC) on Patrick Air Force Base, Florida (Amended)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    for a more detailed discussion of potential minor impacts. 2.4.1.3 Cultural Resources Cultural resources include prehistoric- archaeological , historic...guidelines for the protection and management of cultural resources on AF-managed lands. There has been no systematic archaeological survey of PAFB and...effort and excellent research sampling strategy, precludes the possibility that an archaeological site may be discovered during subsequent clearing

  2. Evaluating Florida's Medicaid Provider Services Network Demonstration

    PubMed Central

    Paul Duncan, R; Lemak, Christy H; Bruce Vogel, W; Johnson, Christopher E; Hall, Allyson G; Porter, Colleen K

    2008-01-01

    Research Objective To evaluate the design, development, and implementation of Florida's Medicaid provider service network (PSN) demonstration, and the implications of that demonstration for subsequent Medicaid Reform in Florida. Data Sources, Data Collection Organizational analyses were based on archival and enrollment data obtained from Florida's Medicaid program and the South Florida Community Care Network, as well as key informant interviews. Closely related fiscal analyses utilized Medicaid claims data from March 1999 through October 2001 extracted from the Florida Medicaid Management Information System. Study Design The organizational analyses reported here were based on a structured case study research design. Principal Findings Almost every aspect of the development of the new organizational form (PSN) took longer and was more difficult than anticipated. Prior organizational experience with insurance functions proved to be an asset. While fiscal analyses indicated that the program saved the state of Florida a significant amount of money, tracking the precise origin of the savings proved to be challenging. Conclusions By most standards, the PSN program was observed to meet its stated objectives. Based in part on this conclusion, the state chose to extend the use of PSNs within its 2006 Medicaid Reform initiative. PMID:18199192

  3. 33 CFR 165.705 - Port Canaveral Harbor, Cape Canaveral, Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Canaveral Harbor, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Florida. All waters of the East Basin... Navy wharf at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Florida. The waters of Port Canaveral... of the Port Canaveral Harbor turning basin at a distance of 200 feet from all portions of the wharf...

  4. SR-71 Tail #844 Landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    With distinctive heat waves trailing behind its engines, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center's SR-71A, tail number 844, lands at the Edwards AFB runway after a 1996 flight. Two SR-71 aircraft have been used by NASA as testbeds for high-speed and high-altitude aeronautical research. The aircraft, an SR-71A and an SR-71B pilot trainer aircraft, have been based here at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. They were transferred to NASA after the U.S. Air Force program was cancelled. As research platforms, the aircraft can cruise at Mach 3 for more than one hour. For thermal experiments, this can produce heat soak temperatures of over 600 degrees Fahrenheit (F). This operating environment makes these aircraft excellent platforms to carry out research and experiments in a variety of areas -- aerodynamics, propulsion, structures, thermal protection materials, high-speed and high-temperature instrumentation, atmospheric studies, and sonic boom characterization. The SR-71 was used in a program to study ways of reducing sonic booms or over pressures that are heard on the ground, much like sharp thunderclaps, when an aircraft exceeds the speed of sound. Data from this Sonic Boom Mitigation Study could eventually lead to aircraft designs that would reduce the 'peak' overpressures of sonic booms and minimize the startling affect they produce on the ground. One of the first major experiments to be flown in the NASA SR-71 program was a laser air data collection system. It used laser light instead of air pressure to produce airspeed and attitude reference data, such as angle of attack and sideslip, which are normally obtained with small tubes and vanes extending into the airstream. One of Dryden's SR-71s was used for the Linear Aerospike Rocket Engine, or LASRE Experiment. Another earlier project consisted of a series of flights using the SR-71 as a science camera platform for NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. An upward

  5. SR-71 Tail #844 Landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    With distinctive heat waves trailing behind its engines, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center's SR-71A, tail number 844, lands at the Edwards AFB runway after a 1996 flight. Two SR-71 aircraft have been used by NASA as testbeds for high-speed and high-altitude aeronautical research. The aircraft, an SR-71A and an SR-71B pilot trainer aircraft, have been based here at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. They were transferred to NASA after the U.S. Air Force program was cancelled. As research platforms, the aircraft can cruise at Mach 3 for more than one hour. For thermal experiments, this can produce heat soak temperatures of over 600 degrees Fahrenheit (F). This operating environment makes these aircraft excellent platforms to carry out research and experiments in a variety of areas -- aerodynamics, propulsion, structures, thermal protection materials, high-speed and high-temperature instrumentation, atmospheric studies, and sonic boom characterization. The SR-71 was used in a program to study ways of reducing sonic booms or over pressures that are heard on the ground, much like sharp thunderclaps, when an aircraft exceeds the speed of sound. Data from this Sonic Boom Mitigation Study could eventually lead to aircraft designs that would reduce the 'peak' overpressures of sonic booms and minimize the startling affect they produce on the ground. One of the first major experiments to be flown in the NASA SR-71 program was a laser air data collection system. It used laser light instead of air pressure to produce airspeed and attitude reference data, such as angle of attack and sideslip, which are normally obtained with small tubes and vanes extending into the airstream. One of Dryden's SR-71s was used for the Linear Aerospike Rocket Engine, or LASRE Experiment. Another earlier project consisted of a series of flights using the SR-71 as a science camera platform for NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. An upward

  6. Overseas Basing of U.S. Military Forces: An Assessment of Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    U.S. Military Forces: An Assessment of Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6...Pettyjohn, Jerry M. Sollinger, Stephen M. Worman Overseas Basing of U.S. Military Forces An Assessment of Relative Costs Prepared for the...Military Forces An Assessment of Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits Michael J. Lostumbo, Michael J. McNerney, Eric Peltz, Derek Eaton, David R

  7. Space Shuttle Atlantis landing at 12:33 p.m. February 20, 2001, on the runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California, where NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center is located

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2001-02-20

    Space Shuttle Atlantis landed at 12:33 p.m. February 20, 2001, on the runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California, where NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center is located. The mission, which began February 7, logged 5.3 million miles as the shuttle orbited earth while delivering the Destiny science laboratory to the International Space Station. Inclement weather conditions in Florida prompted the decision to land Atlantis at Edwards. The last time a space shuttle landed at Edwards was Oct. 24, 2000.

  8. Hydrologic almanac of Florida

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Heath, Richard C.; Conover, Clyde Stuart

    1981-01-01

    This first edition is a ready reference source of information on various facts and features about water in Florida. It is aimed primarily to help bust politicians, writers, agency officials, water managers, planners, consultants, educators, hydrologists, engineers, scientists, and the general public answer questions that arise on comparative and statistical aspects on the hydrology of Florida. It contains statistical comparative data, much of which was especially prepared for the almanac, a glossary of technical terms, tabular material, and conversion factors. Also included is a selective bibliography of 174 reports on water in Florida. (USGS)

  9. Regulation of muscle force in the absence of actin-myosin-based cross-bridge interaction.

    PubMed

    Leonard, T R; Herzog, W

    2010-07-01

    For the past half century, the sliding filament-based cross-bridge theory has been the cornerstone of our understanding of how muscles contract. According to this theory, active force can only occur if there is overlap between the contractile filaments, actin and myosin. Otherwise, forces are thought to be caused by passive structural elements and are assumed to vary solely because of the length of the muscle. We observed increases in muscle force by a factor of 3 to 4 above the purely passive forces for activated and stretched myofibrils in the absence of actin-myosin overlap. We show that this dramatic increase in force is crucially dependent on the presence of the structural protein titin, cannot be explained with calcium activation, and is regulated by actin-myosin-based cross-bridge forces before stretching. We conclude from these observations that titin is a strong regulator of muscle force and propose that this regulation is based on cross-bridge force-dependent titin-actin interactions. These results suggest a mechanism for stability of sarcomeres on the "inherently unstable" descending limb of the force-length relationship, and they further provide an explanation for the protection of muscles against stretch-induced muscle injuries.

  10. Environmental Assessment, Project MOUNTAINVIEW Facility, Buckley Air Force Base, Colorado

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    badger (Taxidea taxus), striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis), raccoon (Procyon lotor), and long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata). Domestic and feral cats ...analyzer/ searchAnalyzer.asp? cat =HST_EMP_WAGE_LAB_FORCE&session=LABFOR CE&subsession=99&time=&geo=&currsubsessavail=&incsource=&blnStart =True...Notes / Comments 0.001515 lb/mmBtu AP-42 AP-42, 10/96, Tbl 3.4-1, page 3.4-5; assume 0.0015% sulfur PM 0.70 lb/hr CAT Caterpillar C175-16 Engine data

  11. Defense Science Board Task Force on SEA BASING

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-08-01

    shift in emphasis from blue water to littoral operations—the maneuver space of the future where likely adversaries will exercise their power to deny...American maritime forces are likely, at some time, to be the target of terrorist attacks as well—the suicide attack on the USS Cole is a case in point...Cold War’s blue water missions. As the Navy realizes its vision for Seapower 21, conducting the large-scale operations envisioned for a seabase will

  12. Environmental Assessment Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection Travis Air Force Base, California

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    Left 300 Parking Apron Improvement Location Map Base Civil Engineer Complex 7 In-Flight Kitchen /Fleet Service Facility 13 Fuel Operations Facilities 14...Engine Storage Facility, Munitions Maintenance Facility 132,750 06 25 months Construct In-flight Kitchen /Fleet Service Facility 23,000 06 12 months...archaeological resources may include farmsteads, roads, privies, trash deposits and/or middens . The 2003 Travis AFB ICRMP Update identified ten

  13. Enviromental Assessment: Security Forces Regional Training Center at Little Rock Air Force Base Arkansas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-07-14

    Arkansas (recent change per year) for Six Neotropical Migrant Land Birds that Breed in the Forest Habitat on Little Rock AFB.................... 3-12...that breed in temperate North America and winter in the tropics are referred to as neotropical migrants and have become the focal point of much...reported from LRAFB (Thompson et al. 1993; USAF 2002a). A total of 28 neotropical migrants on base inhabit the forested and woodland plant communities

  14. Environmental Assessment: Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection McConnell Air Force Base, Kansas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    NOISE LEVELS - ....- 110 Rock Band - ~100 Gas Lawn Mower at 3ft. Inside Subway Train ( New York ) - ~90 Diesel Truck at 50 ft. Food Blender at 3... emissions associated with the Proposed Action at Shaw AFB. These emissions would produce slightly elevated short-term PM10 and PM2 .s ambient air...stack up at the East Gate, both on- and off-base, creating localized emissions . 4.2.5 Alternative 5 - Install Automatic Scanners • Direct Impacts

  15. Algorithm for the Diagnosis of Anaphylaxis and its Validation Using Population Based Data on Emergency Department Visits for Anaphylaxis in Florida

    PubMed Central

    Harduar-Morano, Laurel; Simon, Michael R.; Watkins, Sharon; Blackmore, Carina

    2014-01-01

    Background Epidemiological studies of anaphylaxis have been limited by significant under-diagnosis. Objective The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a method for capturing previously unidentified anaphylaxis cases by using International Classification of Disease Ninth Revision Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) based data sets. Methods Florida emergency department data for 2005–2006 from the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration were used. Patients with anaphylaxis were identified using ICD-9-CM codes specifically indicating anaphylaxis or an ICD-9-CM algorithm based on the definition of anaphylaxis proposed at the 2005 National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease and the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network symposium. Cases ascertained with the algorithm were compared to the traditional case ascertainment method. Comparisons included demographic and clinical risk factors, proportion of monthly visits, and age/sex specific rates. Cases ascertained with anaphylaxis ICD-9-CM codes were excluded from those ascertained with the algorithm. Results 1149 patients were identified by anaphylaxis ICD-9-CM codes and 1602 cases were identified using the algorithm. The clinical risk factors and demographics of cases were consistent between the two methods. However, the algorithm was more likely to identify older individuals (p<0.0001), those with hypertension or heart disease (p<0.0001), and individuals with venom-induced anaphylaxis (p<0.0001). Conclusion This study introduces and validates an ICD-9-CM based diagnostic algorithm for the diagnosis of anaphylaxis to capture individuals missed using the ICD-9-CM anaphylaxis codes. 58% of anaphylaxis cases would be missed without the use of the algorithm, including 88% of venom-induced cases. PMID:20541247

  16. Algorithm for the diagnosis of anaphylaxis and its validation using population-based data on emergency department visits for anaphylaxis in Florida.

    PubMed

    Harduar-Morano, Laurel; Simon, Michael R; Watkins, Sharon; Blackmore, Carina

    2010-07-01

    Epidemiologic studies of anaphylaxis have been limited by significant underdiagnosis. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a method for capturing previously unidentified anaphylaxis cases by using International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) based datasets. Florida emergency department data for the years 2005 and 2006 from the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration were used. Patients with anaphylaxis were identified by using ICD-9-CM codes specifically indicating anaphylaxis or an ICD-9-CM algorithm based on the definition of anaphylaxis proposed at the 2005 National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease and the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network symposium. Cases ascertained with the algorithm were compared with the traditional case-ascertainment method. Comparisons included demographic and clinical risk factors, proportion of monthly visits, and age/sex-specific rates. Cases ascertained with anaphylaxis ICD-9-CM codes were excluded from those ascertained with the algorithm. One thousand one hundred forty-nine patients were identified by using anaphylaxis ICD-9-CM codes, and 1,602 patients were identified with the algorithm. The clinical risk factors and demographics of cases were consistent between the 2 methods. However, the algorithm was more likely to identify older subjects (P < .0001), those with hypertension or heart disease (P < .0001), and subjects with venom-induced anaphylaxis (P < .0001). This study introduces and validates an ICD-9-CM-based diagnostic algorithm for the diagnosis of anaphylaxis to capture subjects missed by using the ICD-9-CM anaphylaxis codes. Fifty-eight percent of anaphylaxis cases would be missed without the use of the algorithm, including 88% of venom-induced cases. Copyright 2010 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. A Population-Based Approach to Restore and Manage Ruppia Maritima (Wigeongrass) in the Highly Variable Everglades-Florida Bay Ecotone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strazisar, T. M.; Koch, M.; Madden, C. J.

    2016-02-01

    Seagrasses and submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) continue to decline globally from human-induced disturbance and habitat loss in estuarine and coastal ecosystems. The SAV Ruppia maritima historically created critical habitat at the Everglades-Florida Bay ecotone, but hydrological modifications and lower freshwater flows have resulted in significant declines in recent decades. We used a population-based approach to examine factors controlling Ruppia presence and abundance at the ecotone to expand the scientific base for management and restoration of SAV species in highly variable environments and examine factors required for Ruppia restoration in the Everglades. Life history transitions from seed through sexual reproduction were established under a range of field conditions critical to seagrass and SAV persistence, including salinity, temperature, light, sediment nutrients (P) and competitor SAV. We found multiple constraints to Ruppia life history development, including an ephemeral seed bank, low rates of successful germination and seedling survival and clonal reproduction limited by variable salinity, nutrients, light and competition with the macroalga Chara hornemannii. Because of low survival rates and limited clonal reproduction, Ruppia at the Evergaldes ecotone currently depends on high rates of viable seed production. However, development of large reproductive meadows requires high vegetative shoot densities. Thus, Everglades restoration should establish lower salinities to create higher seedling and adult survival and clonal reproduction to support successful sexual reproduction that can build up the seed bank for years when adult survival is limited. This population-based data from field experiments and surveys is being incorporated into a seagrass model to enable forecasting of population sustainability and evaluate Everglades restoration targets which includes restoring Ruppia to the southern Everglades-Florida Bay ecotone.

  18. Nitrogen and phosphorus status of soils and trophic state of lakes associated with forage-based beef cattle operations in Florida.

    PubMed

    Sigua, G C; Williams, M J; Coleman, S W; Starks, R

    2006-01-01

    Forage-based livestock systems have been implicated as major contributors to deteriorating water quality, particularly for phosphorus (P) from commercial fertilizers and manures affecting surface and ground water quality. Little information exists regarding possible magnitudes of nutrient losses from pastures that are managed for both grazing and hay production and how these might impact adjacent bodies of water. We examined the changes that have occurred in soil fertility levels of rhizoma peanut (Arachis glabrata Benth.)-based beef cattle pastures (n = 4) in Florida from 1988 to 2002. These pastures were managed for grazing in spring followed by haying in late summer and were fertilized annually with P (39 kg P2O5 ha(-1)) and K (68 kg K2O ha(-1)). Additionally, we investigated trends in water quality parameters and trophic state index (TSI) of lakes (n = 3) associated with beef cattle operations from 1993 to 2002. Overall, there was no spatial or temporal buildup of soil P and other crop nutrients despite the annual application of fertilizers and daily in-field loading of animal waste. In fact, soil fertility levels showed a declining trend for crop nutrient levels, especially soil P (y = 146.57 - 8.14 x year; r2= 0.75), even though the fields had a history of P fertilization and the cattle were rotated into the legume fields. Our results indicate that when nutrients are not applied in excess, cow-calf systems are slight exporters of P, K, Ca, and Mg through removal of cut hay. Water quality in lakes associated with cattle production was "good" (30-46 TSI) based on the Florida Water Quality Standard. These findings indicate that properly managed livestock operations may not be major contributors to excess loads of nutrients (especially P) in surface water.

  19. Physics-Based Visual Characterization of Molecular Interaction Forces.

    PubMed

    Hermosilla, Pedro; Estrada, Jorge; Guallar, Victor; Ropinski, Timo; Vinacua, Alvar; Vazquez, Pere-Pau

    2017-01-01

    Molecular simulations are used in many areas of biotechnology, such as drug design and enzyme engineering. Despite the development of automatic computational protocols, analysis of molecular interactions is still a major aspect where human comprehension and intuition are key to accelerate, analyze, and propose modifications to the molecule of interest. Most visualization algorithms help the users by providing an accurate depiction of the spatial arrangement: the atoms involved in inter-molecular contacts. There are few tools that provide visual information on the forces governing molecular docking. However, these tools, commonly restricted to close interaction between atoms, do not consider whole simulation paths, long-range distances and, importantly, do not provide visual cues for a quick and intuitive comprehension of the energy functions (modeling intermolecular interactions) involved. In this paper, we propose visualizations designed to enable the characterization of interaction forces by taking into account several relevant variables such as molecule-ligand distance and the energy function, which is essential to understand binding affinities. We put emphasis on mapping molecular docking paths obtained from Molecular Dynamics or Monte Carlo simulations, and provide time-dependent visualizations for different energy components and particle resolutions: atoms, groups or residues. The presented visualizations have the potential to support domain experts in a more efficient drug or enzyme design process.

  20. Wright Patterson Air Force Base Consumer Food Away from Home Preferences and Practices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    1 Demographic Characteristics of Wright Patterson Air Force Base ......................1 88th Services...Home Preferences and Practices. Major Professor: Douglas Nelson. This study analyzed the differences among the sociodemographic characteristics and...an unemployed or partially employed spouse. 1 CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION Demographic characteristics of Wright Patterson Air Force